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Full text of "Journal of annual encampment"

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DEPARTMMWMONTANMsji^m, 



21 



Gran 




OF THE REPUBUC 







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PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



First, Second, Third and Fourth 
ENCAMPMENTS. 



1885. 



1886. 1887. 1888. 



HELENA, M. T. : 

Fisk Bros., Printers and Binders. 

18«8. 



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PROVISIONAL DEPARTMENT, 

SESSION 1885. 



The Department of Montana of the Amiy of the Republic was 
created by the following order: 

Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of the Adjutant General, 

Toledo, Ohio, Febniar>^ 3d, 1885. 
Special Order No. 3. 

Comrade T. P. Fuller, Wadsworth Post No. 8, Department of 
Utah, is hereby designated as Provisional "Department Commander" 
of the Provisional "Department of Montana," hereby created. 

He will at once assume command of all the Posts of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, located within the Territory of Montana, and 
shall appoint such staff officers to assist him as may be necessary-. 

He will upon receipt of these orders telegraph to these Headquar- 
ters the names of the comrades of his command to be appointed 
Senior and Junior Vice Commanders respectively. 

He will, as soon as possible, (the interests of the Order being con- 
sidered) nominate a time and place for holding a Department En- 
campment, for the purpose of effecting a permanent Department, and 
the transaction of such other business as may come before the 

Encampment. 

By order of 

JOHN S. KOONTZ, 

Conintander-in Chief. 

W. W. AECORN, 

Adjutant General. 

It was organized by Department Commander Fuller by the 
issuance of the following order: 

Headquarters Provisional Dep't of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
Helena, Montana, February loth. 1885. 
General Order No. i. 

Pursuant to Special Order No. 3, dated February 3d inst., from 
Headquarters of the Grand Army of the Republic, Toledo, Ohio, the 
undersigned assumes command of the G. A. R., located within the 
Territory of Montana. Headquarters are established at Helena, 
where all communications will be addressed. 



_9_ 

The following named comrades are announced as Department and 
Staff officers: 

Senior Vice Commander, James H. Mills, Post 9, Deer I^odge. 

Junior Vice Commander, Horatio S. Howell, Post 12, Virginia 
City. 

Medical Director, Levi E. Holmes, Post 6, Butte City. 

Chaplain, Lyman E. Hanna, Post 13, Livingston. 

OFFICIAL STAFF. 

Assistant Adjutant General, John Moffitt, Post 8, Helena. 
Assistant Quartermaster General, Charles S. Warren, Post 6, 
Butte City. 
Judge Advocate, William J. Galbraith, Post 9, Deer Lodge. 
Chief Mustering Officer, James E. Callaway, Post 12, Virginia Cit}-. 
Assistant Mustering Officer, Cleve T. Lathrop, Post 19, Missoula. 
Inspector General, Eddy F. Ferris, Post 18, Bozeman. 
Assistant Inspector General, Otto Klemm, Post 15, Dillon. 

AIDES DE CAMP. 

J. H. Macomber, Post 2, Ft. Custer. 
E. L. Dickinson, Post 10, Sheridan. 
J. R. Goss, Post 17, Billings. 
J. H. Ray, Post 20, Glendive. 

THOMAS P. FULLER, 

Provisional Department Commander. 

JOHN MOFFITT, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Provisional Dep't of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, February loth, 1885. 

The first Encampment was convened by General Order No. 2. 

A Department Encampment of the Provisional Department of 
Montana, G. A. R., will be held at Helena, on Tuesday, March loth, 
1885, for the purpose of effecting a permanent Department organiza- 
tion, and for the transaction of such other business as may come 
before the Encampment. 

The Encampment will consist of 

1 . All Past Post Commanders who remain in good standing in 
their respective Posts. 

2. All Post Commanders (in the absence of the Post Commander, 
the Senior or Junior Vice Commander) may represent the Post. 

3. Two duly elected representatives from each Post, who^ shall be 
members in good standing in their respective Posts. 

All authorized members of the Encampment will be furnished with 
credentials, signed by Post Commanders and Post Adjutants. 

By command of 

THOMAS P. FULLER, 

Provisional Department Commander. 

JOHN MOFFITT, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



-3- 

The proceedings of the first Encampment were as follows: 

Headquarters Provisional Dep't of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 

Helena, March loth, 1885. 

In pursuance to General Order, No. 2, Provisional Department of 
Montana, Grand Annj^ of the Republic, dated Helena, Montana, 
Februar)^ loth, 1885, the delegates from the various Posts assembled 
at 10 o'clock, on the morning of March loth, at the Cosmopolitan 
Hotel, Helena, and were thence escorted to Odd Fellows Hall by 
Wadsworth Post No. 8, G. A. R., preceeded b}' Orton's Comet 
Band, for the purpose of organizing the permanent Department 
of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Provisional Department Commander Thomas P. Fuller called the 
encampment to order at 10 o'clock a. m., and opened in due form. 

ROLL CALL OF OFFICERS. 
Present: — 

Provisional Commander, Thos. P. Fuller, Post 8. 

Senior Vice Commander, James H. Mills, Post 9. 

Junior Vice Commander, H. S. Howell, Post 12. 

Medical Director, lycvi E. Holmes, Post 6. 

Chaplain, Lyman E. Hanna, Post 13. 

Assistant Adjutant General pro tem. Lew Coleman, Post 9. 

I. Sentinel, George W. White, Post 8. 

O. Sentinel, James Murphy, Post 8. 

On motion of Comrade Mills that a committee of three be appointed 
to examine the credentials of the delegates and report. Committee 
appointed consisting of Comrades P. R. Dolman, Pierce Hoopes Jr., 
and Howard H. Zenor. 

On motion of Comrade W. H. H. Dickinson it was resolved that a 
committee of three be appointed to draft order of business. Commit- 
tee appointed consisting of Comrades W. H. H. Dickinson, J. H. 
Macomber and H. S. Howell. 

A recess of fifteen minutes was granted to allow committees to 
make their reports. 

Encampment called to order. 

Report of Committee on Credentials was read as follows: 
To the Provisional Department Eiicampment: 

Your Committee on Credentials beg leave to report that the}' have 
examined the credentials of delegates on file with Assistant Adjutant 
General and find from such examination that the following named 
comrades are duly authorized delegates and alternate delegates to the 
Encampment: 



-4- 

FORT CUSTER POST, NO. 2. 

J. H. Macomber, - - - Past Post Commander. 

C. E. Price, . _ . - . post Commander. 
J. F. Rowe, ------ Representative. 

Henrj- Frederic, ----- Representative. 

LINCOLN POST, NO. 6. BUTTE. 
P. R. Dolman, - - - Pa.st Post Commander. 
Levi E. Holmes, . - . - Repre.sentative. 

Harr}' Kessler, . . . - . Repre.sentative. 

WADSWORTH POST, NO. 8, HELENA. 
Thos. P. Fuller, - - - Past Post Commander. 
Robert C. Wallace, - - . - Post Commander. 
T. H. Kleinschmidt, - . - - Representative. 

Junius G. Sanders, - . . . Representative. 

George W. Shaw, ------ Alternate. 

Robert C. Walker, ----- Alternate. 

GEORGE H. THOMAS POST, NO. 9, DEER LODGE. 
James H. Mills, - - - Past Post Commander. 

D. J. McMillan, ----- Post Commander. 

H. H. Zenor, - - - ' - - - Representative. 
Lew Coleman. - - - - - Representative. 

G. Houck, ------- Alternate. 

S. Glover, - - - ' - - - - Alternate. 

F. P. BLAIR POST, NO. 10. VIRGINIA. 

James E. Callaway, - - Past Post Commander. 
H. S. Howell, Representative. 

FARRAGUT POST, NO. 13, LIVINGSTON. 
T. W. Wright, - - - - - Repre.sentative. 

A. SULLY POST, NO. 17, BILLINGS. 
James R. Goss, . . - - Post Commander. 

W. H. Norton, Repre.sentative. 

H. M. Payne, Representative. 

WM. ENGLISH POST, NO. 18, BOZEMAN. 

J. M. Lindley, Representative. 

W. F. Sanders, Representative. 

R. C. WINTHROP POST, NO. 19, MISSOULA. 
Will Kennedy, ... - Post Commander. 

John L. Sloan, ----- Representative. 

W. H. H. Dickin.son, . - - - Repre.sentative. 



-5- 

THOMAS A. KANE POST, NO. 21, GLENDIVE. 
Pierce Hoopes Jr. , - - - - Post Commander. 

Moses P. Wyman, Representative. 

ElaC. Waters, Representative. 

On motion the report was adopted. 
Report of Committee on Order of Business: 
To the Provisional Department Encampment: 

Your Committee on Order of Business beg leave to report the 
following for the government of this Encampment: 

1 . Opening of Encampment in due form. 

2. Roll call of officers. 

3. Report of Committee on Credentials. 

4. Roll call of members. 

5. Reports of officers. 

6. Reading of orders. 

7. Reception and reference of communications from Head- 
quarters. 

8. New business. 

9. Election of delegates to National Encampment. 

10. Selecting time and place for holding Department En- 
campment. 

11. Election and installation of officers. 
On motion the report was adopted. 

The Department C. S. was then taken up and Comrades R. P. 
Dolman, W. H. H. Dickinson and J. H. Macomber were appointed a 
committee to examine comrades who were not in possession of De- 
partment C. S. 

ROLL CALL OF OFFICERS. 

Provisional Department Commander, Thos. P. Fuller. 

Senior Vice Commander, James H. Mills. 

Junior Vice Commander, H. S. Howell. 

Medical Director, Levi E. Holmes. 

Chaplain, Lyman E. Hanna. 

Assistant Adjutant General pro tem. Lew Coleman. 

Inside Sentinel, Geo. W. White. 

Outside Sentinel, James Murph5^ 

Recess of ten minutes granted. 

Encampment called to order. 

Report of Committee on C. S. 

Your Committee to examine comrades who were not in possession 
of the Department C. S. made their report and committee was dis- 
charged. 



-6- 

General and special orders from Department Headquarters read 
and ordered placed on file. 

On motion the Encampment adjourned to meet at 2 p. m. 

Encampment met pursuant to adjournment. 

Roll call of delegates. 

All present except Comrades R. C. Walker and T. H. Klein- 
schmidt of Post No. 8; G. Houck and S. Glover of Post No. 9; and 
W. F. Sanders of Post No. 18. 

Provisional Department Commander then announced that the 
next order of business would be the election of officers for the ensuing 
year, for the permanent Department of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, and appointed Comrades H. H. Zenor and George W. 
Shaw as tellers. 

On motion of Comrade H. S. Howell, Provisional Department 
Commander Thos. P. Fuller was placed in nomination for Depart- 
ment Commander for the Department of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, and by unanimous consent the ballot was dispensed with 
and Comrade Thomas P. Fuller elected b}^ acclamation. 

On motion of Comrade W. H. H. Dickinson, which was seconded 
and carried, that the remaining elective officers be elected bj- ballot. 
NOMINATIONS FOR SENIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

It being next in order Comrade C. E. Price, Post No. 2, and 
Comrade Jas. H. Mills, Post No. 9, were then placed in nomination 
for Senior Vice Commander. Comrade Jas. H. Mills having received 
the highest number of votes cast was declared elected, and the 
election was made unanimous. 

NOMINATIONS FOR JUNIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

Comrades P. Hoopes, Jr., Post No. 21, and C. E. Price, Post No. 
2, were then placed in nomination for Junior Vice Commander. 
Comrade C. E. Price having received the highest number of votes 
cast was declared elected, and the election was made unanimous. 
NOMINATIONS FOR MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Comrade Levi E. Holmes, Post No. 6, was then placed in nomina- 
tion for Medical Director, and the Assistant Adjutant General 
instructed to cast his ballot for Medical Director, and Comrade 
Levi E. Holmes was declared elected and the election was made 
unanimous. 

NOMINATIONS FOR CHAPLAIN. 

Comrade Lyman E. Hanna, Post 13, and Comrade J. H. 
Macomber, Post 2. were then placed in nomination for Chaplain. 
Comrade Lyman E. Hanna having received the highest number of 
votes cast was declared elected, and the election was made 
unanimous. 



-7- 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 
On motion it was ordered that the five comrades receiving the 
highest number of votes cast be declared the Council of Administra- 
tion, which resulted as follows: 

Comrade M. P. Wyman, Post 21, Glendive. 
Comrade P. R. Dolman, Post 6, Butte. 
Comrade D. J. McMillan, Post 9, Deer Lodge. 
Comrade W. H. H. Dickinson, Post 19, Missoula. 
Comrade Eddy S. Ferris, Post 18, Bozeman. 

On motion a recess of fifteen minutes was allowed for the purpose 
of giving Department Commander an opportunity to select his staff 
officers for the ensuing year. 

Encampment called to order. 

Department Commander then announced his Staff as follows: 

Comrade John Moffitt, Post 8, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Comrade C. S. Warren, Post 6, Assistant Quartermaster General. 

Comrade H. S. Howell, Post 12, Inspector. 

Comrade J. R. Goss, Post 17, Judge Advocate. 

Comrade J. E. Callaway, Post 12, Chief Mustering Officer. 

AIDKS DE CAMP. 

Comrade E. S. Dickinson, Post 10, Sheridan. 

Comrade Pierce Hoopes, Jr., Post 21, Glendive. 

Comrade Lester S. Willson, Post 18, Bozeman. 

Comrade Otho Klemm, Post 15, Dillon. 

Comrade Will Kennedy, Post 19, Mi.ssoula. 

On motion the installation of officers was postponed until 7 o'clock 
p. m. and all comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic were 
invited to attend. # 

Election of delegate and alternate to attend the National Encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic, to be held at Portland, 
Maine, July 25th, 1885, was next in order. 

Comrade Ela C. Waters, Post 20, and Comrade Lester S. Willson, 
Post 18, were placed in nomination, and, on motion, which was 
adopted, that the comrade receiving the highest number of votes 
cast, be declared the Delegate at Large, and the comrade receiving 
the lowest number of votes cast, be declared the Alternate, which 
resulted as follows: Comrade Ela C. Waters was declared duly 
elected Delegate at Large and Comrade Lester S. Willson, Alternate. 

On motion of Comrade Kessler, which was adopted, that the 
members of this Encampment contribute the sum of one dollar each 
for the purpose of procuring charter for this Department. Amount 
contributed $25. 



-8- 

On motion of Comrade Dickinson, which was adopted, that the 
Council of Administration be instructed to fill out and forward to 
Post 19, Missoula, a Charter. A Charter fee in the above having 
been paid for some months ago, but as yet has not been received. 

On motion of Comrade J. H. Mills a committee of three was 
appointed to report Department fees and the issuance of Charters 
and amount of fees allowed Assistant Adjutant General. 

Committee appointed consisting of Comrades Will Kennedy, 
Pierce Hoopes, Jr., and R. C. Wallace. 

Report of Special Committee on Fees, etc. : 

Your Special Committee, appointed to consider financial matters 
connected with this Department, would respectfully report that we 
find by Section i. Article i. Chapter 5, of the Rules and Regulations, 
that the Charter fee for Posts is fixed at $10. 

We would recommend that all supplies be furnished to the Posts 
at an advance of ten per cent over cost. 

We would also recommend that the Assistant Adjutant General be 
paid a salary of one hundred dollars per annum. 

Signed, 

WILL KENNEDY, 
P. H. HOOPES, Jr., 
'" R. C. WALLACE, 

Committee. 

On motion the report of the committee was adopted and the com- 
mittee discharged. 

Comrade Jas. H. Mills offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted: 

Resolved, That in the Annual Encampments of the Department of 
Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, all Past Post Commanders 
in good standing in their respective Posts shall be entitled to personal 
representation and vote. 

, On motion the following named towns were designated as places 
for holding our next Annual Encampment: Butte, Bozeman and 
Helena, and the place receiving the highest number of votes cast, be 
declared the place, which resulted in Bozeman. 

On motion of Comrade Dickinson, which was adopted, that a com- 
mittee of three be appointed to instruct the comrades in the S. W. 

Committee appointed consisted of Comrade McDonald, P. H. 
Hoopes, Jr., and James Murphy. 

Officer of the Day was instructed to communicate the C. S. to the 
members of the Encampment. 

On motion the Encampment adjourned until 7 p. m. 

Encampment called to order pursuant to adjournment. 



-9- 

ROLL CALL OF OFFICERS. 

Department Commander, Thos. P. Fuller. 

Senior Vice Department Commander, Jas. H. Mills. 

Junior Vice Department Commander, C. E. Price. 

Medical Director, Levi E. Holmes. 

Chaplain, Lyman E. Hanna. 

Assistant Adjutant General pro tem. Lew Coleman. 

Inside Sentinel pro tem, Geo. W. White. 

Outside Sentinel pro tem, James Murphy. 

Department Commander then announced that the next order of 
business would be the installation of officers of the Department of 
Montana, and appointed Comrade J. G. Sanders to install the newly 
elected officers, who were presented and installed as follows: 

Department Commander, - - - Thos. P. Fuller. 

Senior Vice Department Commander, - James H. Mills. 

Junior Vice Department Commander, - C. E. Price. 

Medical Director, ... - Levi E. Holmes. 

Chaplain, . . . . . Lyman E. Hanna. 
On motion, which was adopted, that the Adjutant General .be 
instructed to reply to a circular letter received from the Woman's 
Relief Corps. 

On motion, which was adopted, that the Department Commander 
be authorized to issue a circular recommending that Posts in the 
Department of Montana be uniformed, and that he shall designate 
the style of uniform that shall be worn in case an}' Post desires 
to do so. 

Recess of ten minutes. 

Encampment called to order. 

Comrade John L. Sloan offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Encampment be tendered to 
Wadsworth Post, No. 8, G. A. R., for the bountiful manner in which 
they have entertained us during our stay in the cit3^ and that we 
shall always look back wdth pleasure, and feel that we have been 
amply repaid for our coming; also to the Northern Pacific railroad 
for reduced rates. 

On motion the proceedings of the Encampment were left optional 
with the Department Commander, as to the publication of the same. 

No further business offering the Encampment was closed in 
due form. 

JOHN MOFFITT, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



-10- 

NOTE I. — By G. O. No. 5, dated Helena, May 6th, 1885, Depart- 
ment Commander Fuller enjoined iipon the several Posts of the 
Grand Army of the Republic of Montana the strict observ^ance of 
Memorial Day in an appropriate manner. The day was properly 
observed at every Post in 1885, and also at every annual occurrence 
of the day since. 

Note 2. — By General Order No. 6, dated Helena, July 28th, 1885, 
Commander Fuller announced to the several Posts of his Department 
"the death of Gen. U. S. Grant, the first soldier and first citizen of 
the Republic," and directed that the colors and Charters of the 
different Posts and badges of the comrades be draped in mourning 
for sixty days, which was done accordingly^; and he also requested 
that the several Posts "attend such public services as maybe institu- 
ted commemorative of our illustrious comrade's death, on the 8th of 
August proximo." 

At Helena and at all the towns of Montana the day was properly 
obser\'ed by all people, of all classes and of all opinions, in greater 
numbers than were before seen on a like occasion. 



ENCAMPMENT PROCEEDINGS 

SESSION 1886. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, \ 

Grand Army of the Republic, > 

BozEMAN, Montana, March 9th, 1886. ) 



In compliance with General Order No. 8, the Annual Encampment 
convened at Bozeman, Montana, March 9th, at 4 o'clock p. m.; and 
in the absence of the Department Commander and Senior Vice 
Commander the Encampment was called to order by Junior Vice 
Commander Curtis E. Price, w^ho appointed the following tem- 
porary officers: 

Senior Vice Commander, Pierce Hoopes, Jr. 

Junior Vice Commander, Will Kenned)-. 

Officer of the Day, Wm. Sims. 

Officer of the Guard, Adrian Nappj-. 

The Officer of the Day made grand rounds and reported all present 
members of the G. A. R. and in possession of the countersign. 

Prayer was offered bj- Department Chaplain Rev. 1,3-man 
E. Hanna. 

Committee on Credentials consisted of the following comrades: 
W. F. Sanders, O. F. Parmeter, A. J. Fisk, J. D. Jenks and Jas. 
McCormick. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

Your Committee on Credentials having examined the credentials 
of the representatives of the various Posts, and the records of the 
several Posts, beg leave to report that the following comrades are 
members of this Encampment and are each entitled to one vote 
therein, provided none of the posts are in arrears for dues or reports: 

Department Commander, Thos. P. Fuller. 

Senior Vice Commander, Jas. H. Mills. 

Junior Vice Commander, Curtis E. Price. 

Medical Director, Levi E. Holmes. 

Chaplain, Lyman E. Hanna. 

Assistant Adjutant General, John Moffitt. 

Assistant Quartermaster General, Chas. S. Warren. 

Inspector, H. S. Howell. 

Chief Mustering Officer, J. E. Callaway. 

Judge Advocate, J. R. Goss. 



-12- 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Moses P. Wyman, Billings, present. 
P. R. Dolman, Butte, present. 
D. J. McMillan, Deer Lodge, absent. 
\V. H. H. Dickinson, Missoula, absent. 
Edd}' F. Ferris, Bozeman, present. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 

J. H. Macomber. Robt. C. Wallace. 

P. R. Dolman. Thos. P. Fuller. 

Charles S. Warren. Jas. H. Mills. 

James E. Callawa}-. D. J. McMillan. 

Eddy F. Ferris. O. F. Parmeter. 

Will Kennedy. Henr^- N. Blake. 

Pierce Hoopes, Jr. Otto Klemm. 

R. C. Webster. Hiram Cook'. 

Note— After the permanent organization of the Department of Montana, Department 
Commander Fuller, by General Order No. 4, dated Helena, April 20th. 1885, abolished the 
old numbers of Posts, as given in the Provisional Department of Montana, and renumbered 
them as they now appear in this record. 

JOHN BUFORD POST, NO. i. 

Commander — Curtis E. Price. 

Delegates — ^J. H. Macomber, Thomas Traxel, G. P. Borden, E. M. 
Walker. 

LINCOLN POST, NO. 2. 

Commander — Henrj- C. Kessler. 

Delegate.s — ^J. J. York, Geo. W. Smith, Jno. Bechtel, Foster Vincent, 
J. D. Jenks, E. F. Page. 

WADSWORTH POST, NO. 3. 

Commander — ^J. G. Sanders. 

Delegates — Wm. Sims, Richard Hoback, A. J. Fisk, F. P. Sterling. 

GEORGE H. THOMAS POST, NO. 4. 

Commander — Howard H. Zenor. 

Delegates — Wm. Coleman, S. Glover, Geo. C. Houck, J. N. Fox. 

CUSTER POST, NO. 5. 

Commander — O. F. Parmeter. 

Delegates — E. L. Dickinson, O. F. Parmeter. 

FRANK BLAIR POST, NO. 6. 

Commander — Stephen Guinnan. 

Delegates — Eugene Stark, M. O' Brian, J. B. Carothers, Jno. King. 



-13- 

STEADMAN POST, NO. 8. 

Commander — Otto Klemm. 

Delegates — David Lamont, H. P. Pickman. 

WILLIAM ENGLISH POST, NO. lo. 

Commander — ^J. M. Lindley. 

Delegates— \V. F. Sanders, Geo. O. Eaton. 

WINTHROP POST, NO. ii. 

Commander — ^John L. Sloan. 

Delegates — C. W. Lombard, Gustave Neimer, Geo. B. Hartman, 
Clias. Koch. 

THOMAS L. KANE POST, NO. 12. 
Commander — Pierce Hoopes, Jr. 
Delegates — J as. McCormick, Wm. Coleman, H. C. Tuttle, Geo. D. 
Richmond. 

J. B. Mcpherson post, no. 13. 

Commander — Vining A. Cook. 

Delegates — Frank Bailey, S. S. Harper, Lyman E. Hanna, L. 
H. Tole. 

U. S. GRANT POST, NO. 14. 

Commander — R. C. Webster. 

Delegates — Charles W. Savage, Wm. Harman. 

Your committee has reported the various titles wherebj' com- 
rades are entitled to votes in this Encampment, which show that 
several comrades present have several titles to their votes, but in the 
view of your committee no comrade is entitled to more than one vote. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 

W. F. SANDERS, 
O. F. PARMETER, 
A. J. FISK, 
J. D. JENKS, 
JAS. McCORMICK. 

ROLL CALL OF DELEGATES. 
Curtis E. Price, Wm. Sims, John Moffitt, A. J. Fisk, Chas. S. 
Warren, O. F. Parmeter, J. E. Callaway, J. M. Lindley, Lyman E. 
Hanna, W. F. Sanders, W. P. Wyman, Geo. O. Eaton, P. R. 
Dolman, Jno. L. Sloan. Eddy F. Ferris, Will Kennedy, J. D. Jenks, 
Pierce Hoopes, Jr., J. H. Macomber, H. C. Tuttle, John Bechtel, R. 
C. Webster, J. G. Sanders and James McCormick were present. 

Comrade W. F. Sanders offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted by a rising vote: 



-14- 

Resolved, That this Encampment has heard with profound solici- 
tude of the illness of its Senior Vice Commander, Comrade Jas. H. 
Mills, and it sends him its sympathy and cordial good wishes that he 
may speedily recover from the affliction which has befallen him. 

Address of Department Commander Thomas P. Fuller at the 
opening of the Second Annual Encampment, in the city of Bozeman, 
Montana: 

Comrades: 

As you meet to-daj- in that beautiful city of Bozeman, to renew 
our ties of friendship and advance the interests of our order, I 
sincerely regret my absence at this time in calling you to order as 
Department Commander, owing to the pressure of private business. 

This being the Second Annual Encampment of the G. A. R. , for 
the Department of Montana, under the re-organization of the Order, 
I trust to see present a large and intelligent representation from the 
various Posts of the Department. From communications received 
from Post Commander Eddy F. Ferris, of \Vm. English Post, No. lo, 
excellent arrangements for the accommodation and entertainment of 
the members of the Encampment and others of the Order present on 
this occasion, are being made. 

On the 28th day of April, 1885, this Department was honored b}' 
the presence of Commander-in-Chief John S. Kountz and Judge 
Advocate General D. R. Austin. A reception was held under the 
auspices of Wadsworth Post, No. 3, at the parlors of the Cos- 
mopolitan Hotel and a Camp Fire at the office of Department 
Commander. The success of the entertainment was due to the 
various committees in charge. 

It is scarcely a year since this Department was organized, with a 
membership of 272 members, yet on the 31st of December, 1885, the 
order had twelve Posts, with an aggregate membership of 399. The 
Provisional Department of Montana was organized Februarj- 3d, 
1885, and the Permanent Department March loth, 1885. At the 
date of the organization of the Provisional Department there were 
nine Posts in existence. 

Under my brief administration as Provisional Department Com- 
mander, covering the period from February 3d to March loth, 1885, 
R. C. Winthrop Post, No. 11, was organized. Under the Permanent 
Department the following Posts have been organized: J. B, 
McPherson, No. 13, and U. S. Grant, No. 14: and the following 
Posts suspended: Alfred Sully Post, No. 9, Farragut Post, No. 7. 

The reports of the Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant 
Quartermaster General are submitted for the action of the En- 
campment. 

I am especially indebted to Comrade John Moffitt, Assistant 
Adjutant General, for his faithful co-operation and assistance in the 
discharge of the duties incumbent upon the office. 

While excellent progress has been made in the advancement of the 
work of this Department in the past, I trust that each member will 
feel it his duty to work actively in the future for the enrollment of 
everj' soldier and sailor of the late war, whose character is such as to 



-15- 

entitle him to a place in our ranks. The purposes of the organization 
are neither political nor selfish, but are intended to cultivate and 
perpetuate a fraternal and loyal spirit among those who fought side 
by side during the late war, and to extend to the more unfortunate 
of our Order, their widows and orphans, the hand of charity and 
protection when needed. 

Thanking the members of the Order for the assistance rendered 
during my administration as Commander of the Department, and 
with my best wishes for the success of the Order, I beg the privilege 
of retiring to the ranks, assuring you of my continual earnest efforts 
and co-operation to advance the interests of the Order. 

Yours in F. C. and L., 

THOMAS P. FULLER, 

Department Commander. 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL. 

Helena, Montana, March 9th, 1886. 
Thomas P. Fuller, 

Coinmanding DeparUne7it of Montana, G. A. R. 

Comrade: 

I have the honor of submitting my report of the business of this 
office and of the condition of the Department, for the year ending 
December 31st, 1885. 

Two new Posts have been organized during the year and two 
Posts have been suspended as follows: 

ORGANIZED. 

J. B. McPherson Post, No. 13, June 19th, 1885. 
U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, July 28th, 1885. 

SUSPENDED. 
Alfred Sully Post, No. 9, second quarter. 

Farragut Post, No. 7, third quarter. 

The reports from 12 Posts show a membership of 399, a net gain of 
55, from the organization of the Department, March loth. 1885, to 
December 31st, 1885. 

The following is an exhibit of the membership, together with the 
gain and loss for the past year, of each Post in the Department, as 
shown by the reports to this office to Dec. 31, 1885: 

Nos. Gain. Loss. 

1. .Johu Buford,„... March 10, 1885, members 32, December 31, 1885, 32 

2. Lincoln " " " " 45, " " " 67 22 

3. Wadsworth " •' 47, " " " 73 26 

4. Geo. H.Thomas " •■ " 26, ' '• '• 24 2 

5. Custer ' " 21, 31 10 

6. Frank P. Blair.. " " " " 24, ' • " 24 
8. Stcadman " " " " 19, 19 

10. Wm. English.. .. " " " " 20, " " " 22 2 

11. Winthrop " " " " 18, 28 10 

12. Thos.L. Kane... " 20, " " " 33 13 

13. McPherson " " • " " " " 18 18 

14. U.S.Grant " " " " 28 28 



-16- 

The following table shows the comparison since the organization 
of the Department, March loth, 1885: Eight Posts show net gain 
of 1 29. One Post shows net loss of 2. There were dropped during he 
year 11. Five have died. There has been expended from relief and 
post funds, for the assistance of comrades or of families of deceased 
comrades, the sum of $191.50. The amount received during the year 
was $432.25, from the following sources: 

Contribution, Department Encampment. - - $ 25 00 

Per Capita Tax 377 25 

Charter Fees - - - - - - - 30 00 



Total $432 25 

Orders have been drawn on the Assistant Quartermaster General, 
numbered from i to 10 inclusive for the following: 

Department Charter, - - - - - - $ 20 00 

Comrade Jas. Murphy, . . . . . 5 00 

C. K. Wells, ------- 10 35 

Fisk Bros., --.-... 80 00 

Sands Bros., - - - - - - - 3 70 

W. U. Telegraph Co.. . . . . . 8 95 

Drajage, .--.-... 25 

Postage, - - - 23 40 

Capita Tax, - - - - - - - -14 91 

Assistant Adjutant General, . . . . 100 00 

Assistant Quartermaster General, Receipt, - - 165 69 

Total, -------- $432 25 

There have been issued from Headquarters 8 General Orders, 1 1 
Specials and 2 Circulars. These together with all orders from 
National Headquarters and Journals of the 19th Annual Session of 
the National Encampment, have been mailed to Department and 
staff officers and Posts in the Department. 

While a majorit}' of the Posts are prompt in forwarding their 
quarterly reports, others neglect until repeatedly urged to perform 
that part of their dut}-. This entails extra labor upon the incumbent 
of the office, and a corresponding tax upon the Department for 
postage and stationer}-, and I would respectfully request that Post 
Commanders be reminded of their duty in the foregoing particulars. 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

JOHN MOFFITT, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



-17- 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER GENERAL. 

Thomas P. Fuller, 

Commanding Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Comrade: 

I have the honor to report, as Assistant Quartermaster General of 
the Department of Montana, for the year ending December 31st, 
1885, as follows: 

Amount received from A. A. Gen'l, - - - $432 25 
(See exhibit hereto annexed marked "A.") 

Disbursed ^ $266 56 

(See exhibit marked "B."; 
Balance on hand, 165 59 



Total, - $432 25 

(See exhibit hereto annexed marked "C," Certificate of 
Deposit, First National Bank of Butte, for $165,59.) 
Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L. , 

CHAS. S. WARREN, 

Assistant Quartermaster General. 

INSPECTOR'S REPORT. 

John Moffitt, Assistant Adjutant General, 

Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Comrade: 

I have the honor to submit this, my report as Inspector: 

The inspections under my direction were made nearly ten months 
ago, so that the information therein contained can at this time be 
had to a much later date from your own report, made up from the 
latest quarterly reports of the Posts. 

The inspection reports made to me, and by me to the Inspector 
General of the Grand Anny of the Republic, show on the whole a 
favorable condition of affairs, and the same may be said of a majority 
of them as to their prospects for the future, their only drawback 
being a larger percentage of the members behind in payment of dues 
than is desirable. It is my opinion, however, that by proper attention 
on the part of the Post officers, and perhaps by some action by the 
Department Encampment, calling their attention to the matter, it 
may, during the present year, be remedied. 

During the present year I have personally visited Wadsworth 
Post, No. 3, Helena; Custer Post, No. 5, Sheridan; Frank P. Blair 
Post, No. 6, Virginia City, and U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, Miles 
City. I have nothing but words of praise to utter regarding these 
Posts. The attendance was in all cases good, the services properl}- 



-18- 

and handsomely- performed, and a general feeling of confidence and 
good-will seemed to prevail. 

The Adjutant General will probably report to the Encampment the 
trouble and inconvenience he has been put to, on account of the 
carelessness and neglect on the part of some of the Post Commanders, 
regarding the forwarding to him of their quarterh- reports. Some 
are prompt and energetic. Action should be taken by the Encamp- 
ment to remedy this. 

The Inspector and other Department ofiicers for the coming year 

should, I think, be requested, and, in fact, instructed, to personally 

visit as man}' Posts in the Department as their time will permit, and 

provision should be made bj- the Encampment for their expenses in 
so doing. 

Ver}' respectfull}- in F. C. and L., 

H. S. HOWELL. 

Inspector. 
REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

We, your Council of Administration, Department of Montana, 
G. A. R., beg leave to report that we examined the accounts of 
Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quartermaster General, 
and find them correct. 

Ver\- respectfully, 

M. P. WnfMAN. 
P. R. DOLMAX. 
EDDY F. FERRIS. 

report of delegate to national encampment. 

Thos. p. Fuller, 

Comvianding Deparhnenf of Montana. 
Comrade: 

Herewith I submit my report as Delegate from this Department to 

the 19th National Encampment of the G. A. R., held at Portland, 

Maine, June, 1885. 

I arrived there the evening pre\'ious to the meeting of the 
Encampment, and the Headquarters of the Department of Montana 
was opened with the Department of Utah. A number of visitors, all 
comrades, of different states, called or left their cards. Upon the 
Committee of Pensions my time was considerably taken up, as we 
held evening sessions, ever}^ one of which I attended. The work 
accomplished during the session was greatl}^ to the welfare and 
interest of the needy veterans. 

My efforts were earnestly directed towards getting the 20th 
National Encampment held at San Francisco, knowing that by 
placing it in the west it would give a better op]X)rtunit3' for the 
Department of Montana to be well represented, and enjoy the 



-19- 

Encampment. I think I can safely saj' to those that attend that 
they will be doubly repaid for their time and trouble. 

The meeting at Portland was large and ver)' enthusiastic, and the 
procession was very imposing, having in line, according to the best 
estimates, from fifty to sixty thousand veterans. 

I was selected as a member of the National Council of Administra- 
tion for the ensuing year. 

Thanking this Department for the honor conferred upon me, by 
selecting me as their Delegate, and trusting that I represented them 
in a manner that reflected credit on this Department. 

I remain yours in F. C. and L,., 

EIvA. C. WATERS. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Encampment are extended to 
Comrade Ela. C. Waters, for his efficient .services as our Delegate to 
the National Encampment at Portland, Maine, and for his excellent 
report of the sa|ne. • , 

On motion of Comrade J. E. Callaway, which was adopted, it was 
resolved that a committee of three be appointed to draft suitable 
resolutions with respect to our late comrades, U. S. Grant, Geo. B. 
McClellan and Winfield S. Hancock, and that they report to-morrow 
at ID o'clock. 

Recess until 8 p. m. 

Encampment called to order. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, That all comrades of the G. A. R. in this city in good 
standing be invited to be present at this Annual Encampment. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The Encampment proceeded to the election of officers for the 
ensuing year, and appointed Comrades Wm. Sims, Wadsworth Post, 
No. 3, and R. C. Webster, U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, as tellers. 

The following comrades were then placed in nomination: C. S. 
Warren, Post No. 2, P. R. Dolman. Post No. 2, J. G. Sanders, Post 
No. 3, for Department Commander. A ballot was taken resulting as 
follows: 

Comrade C. S. Warren received 17 votes; P. R. Dolman, 5; J. G. 
Sanders, 2. 

Comrade C. S. Warren was declared dulj- elected Department 
Commander. 

Recess until 9 a. m. 

Encampment called to order. 

The following resolution was adopted: 



-20- 

Resolved, That each Post in good standing shall be entitled 
to two representatives, to be elected according to rules and regula- 
tions governing the G. A. R., and an additional representative for 
each 50 comrades in good standing, who are members thereof. 

Report of Committee on Resolutions of the death of Comrades U. 
S. Grant, Geo. B. McClellan and Winfield S. Hancock: 

Whereas, Since the organization of the Department of Montana, 
Grand Armj- of the Republic, one 5'ear ago this da)-, three of our 
most illustrious comrades, Ulysses S. Grant, Geo. B. McClellan and 
Winfield S. Hancock, who gave luster to Americanship and added 
glorious pages to the history of the Nineteenth Century, have yielded 
up their lives as heroes in the march of time, and passed across the 
dark river and joined the comrades who offered up their lives, that 
liberty should not perish from the earth; Then be it 

Resolved, That in the lives of these beloved comrades, another 
volume of imperishable historj* will go ringing down the corridors of 
time, when monumental brass shall have turned to rust — a volume 
that will be opened to the perusal of patriotic youth as examples of 
manly endeavor and heroic achievements, and4^at irwiheir lives were 
portrayed and demonstrated the cardinal prificipl'es of bur societj' — V 
Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty. In Fratemitj-, that we believe in 
the common brotherhood of man and the universal fatherhood of 
God. In Charity, that we extend protection and relief to all worth)' 
and distressed comrades, the widows and orphans of those who 
followed the banner of the Republic, the right hand of generous 
fellowship, with the guarantee that all citizens shall have equal pro- 
tection under the law. While the Grand Army of the Republic has 
no politics, we can as citizens differ as to American politics and yet 
be friends. In lyOyalt)', that they were true to the flag of our 
fathers, to national unity and the principles of constitutional liberty. 
This legacy we bequeath to the Sons of Veterans. 

J. E. CALLAWAY. 
C. S. WARREN. 
J. G. SANDERS. 

The foregoing resolution was adopted by a rising vote. 

Comrade Pierce Hoopes, Jr., of Thomas L. Kane Post, No. 12, 
and Will Kenned^-, of Winthrop Post, No. 1 1 , were unanimouslj- 
elected Senior Vice and Junior Vice Commanders for the en- 
suing year. 

Comrades Curtis E. Price, John Buford Post, No. i, and Comrade 
J. H. Macomber, John Buford Post, No. i, were unanimously elected 
Medical Director and Chaplain respectively. 

For members of the Council of Administration the following com- 
rades were unanimously elected: 

Lester S. Willson, Bozeman. 

R. C. Webster, ---... Miles City. 

Jas. H. Mills, Deer Lodge. 

Jas. E. Callaway, Virginia Cit}-. 

John L. Sloan, Missoula. 



-21- 

DELEGATE TO NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

W. F. Sanders, Wm. English Post, No. ro. 

P. R. Dolman, Lincoln Post, No. 2, alternate. 

The following resolutions were adopted: 

Resolved, That the next Annual Encampment be held at Butte 
City, and that the time for calling it be left to the Department 
Commander. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the members of this Encampment' 
are due to Junior Vice Commander Curtis E. Price, for the fairness 
with which he has presided over the session of this Encampment, 
and to the other officers for the manner in which they have dis- 
charged their several duties. 

Upon request of Department Commander, Chief Mustering 
Officer J. E. Callaway installed the officers elect and the following 
appointed officers: Marshal, J. G. Sanders; Inspector, Geo. O. 
Eaton; Chief Mustering Officer, Wm. Sims. 

The Marshal then announced the officers elect for the ensuing j^ear 
duly installed. 

On assuming the chair Department Commander C. S. Warren 
addressed the encampment, thanking the comrades for the honor 
conferred. 

The following resolutions were adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the members of the Department 
Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic are due and are 
hereby tendered to Wm. English Post, No. 10, and to the citizens of 
Bozeman, for the cordiality of their salutations and the generous 
and abounding hospitalitj- extended to them during the present 
session. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Encampment are due, and are 
hereby tendered to the Northern Pacific and Utah & Northern Rail- 
road Company, for courtesies extended to the Encampment. 

Resolved, That the Assistant Adjutant General is instructed to 
forward to the General Agents in Montana of the above mentioned 
roads a certified copy of the above resolutions. 

There being no further business, the Department Commander 

declared the Second Annual Encampment of the Department of 

Montana closed. 

JOHN MOFFITT, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



ENCAMPMENT PROCEEDINGS 

SKSSION 1887. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, ") 
Grand Army of the Republic, [• 
Butte City, Montana, February 22d, 1887. ) 
In compliance with General Order, No. 4, the Third Annual 
Encampment of the Department of Montana, G. A. R. , convened at 
Butte City, Mont., Tuesday, 10 a. m., Februar}^ 22d, 1887. The 
Encampment was called to order by Commander Charles S. Warren 
and opened with prayer by Comrade Baile^^ in the absence of 
Chaplain Macomber. 

A Committee on Credentials was then appointed, consisting of 
Comrades Jas. E. Callaway, P. R. Dolman and Lew Coleman. 

Report of Committee on Credentials. 

To the Commander and members of the Department of Montana, 
G. A. R. : We, your Committee on Credentials, beg leave to report 
that we find the following named comrades members of this Encamp- 
ment, and each member entitled to one vote therein, viz. : 

Charles S. Warren, Department Commander. 

Pierce Hoopes, Jr. , Senior Vice Commander. 

Will Kennedy, Junior Vice Commander. 

Levi E. Holmes, I Assistant Adjutant General. 

( Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Geo. O. Eaton, Inspector. 
Wm. J. Galbraith, Judge Advocate. 
Wm. Sims, Chief Mustering Officer. 
Curtis E. Price, Medical Director. 
J. H. Macomber, Chaplain. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 
Lester S. Willson. R. C. Webster. 

James H. Mills. James E. Callaway. 

John L. Sloan. 

PAST department COMMANDER. 

Thomas P. Fuller. 

DELEGATES AND ALTERNATES. 

JOHN BUFORD POST, NO. i. 
Not represented. 



-24- 

LINCOLN POST, NO. 2. 

Delegates — ^J. D. Jenks, John Bailey, Levi Shambow. 

Alternates Long, Gilbert Engle, — Patterson. 

Post Commander — C. S. Shoemaker. 

Past Post Commanders — Peter R. Dolman, Chas. S. Warren. H. C. 
Kessler. 

WADSWORTH POST, NO- 3. 
Delegates — R. E. Fisk, Jno. Moffitt, Ross Deegan. 
Alternates— Geo. W. White, H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, Richard 

Hoback. 
Post Commander — ^Junius G. Sanders. 
Past Post Commanders— Thos. P. Fuller, R. C. Wallace. 

GEORGE H. THOMAS POST, NO. 4. 
Delegates— Wm. H. Galbraith, H. A. Smurr. 
Alternates — Wm. Coleman, Geo. C. Houck. 
Post Commander — Lew Coleman. 

Past Post Commanders— Jas. H. Mills, D. J. McMillan, H. H. 
Zenor. 

CUSTER POST, NO. 5. 
Not represented. 

FRANK P. BLAIR POST, NO. 6. 
Delegates — H. S. Howell, D. W. Lindse}*. 
Post Commander — Eugene Stark. 
Senior Vice Commander — ^J. B. Carruthers. 

Past Post Commanders — ^J. E. Callaway, H. N. Blake, Stephen 
Gainan. 

FARRAGUT POST, NO. 7. 
Delegates— C. W. Rossiter, H. C. Vaupel. 
Alternates— G. W. Metcalf, Geo. Geer. 
Post Commander^F. W. Wright. " 

Past Post Commanders — Pierce Hoopes, Jr., G. W. Grant, Geo. F. 
Chambers. 

STEADMAN POST, NO. 8. 
Not represented. 

WILLIAM ENGLISH POST, NO. 10. 
Delegates— Geo. O. Eaton, R. M. Whitefoot. 
Alternates — J. N. Harder, W. F. Sanders. 
Post Commander — ^J. M. Lindley. 
Past Post Commander — Ed. F. Ferris. 

WINTHROP POST, NO. 11. 
Not represented. 
Past Post Commander — Will Kennedy. 



-25- 

THOMAS L. KANE POST, NO. 12. 

Delegate — M. P. Wyman. 
Alternate — ^John W. Frederick. 
Post Commander— H. C. Tuttle. 

There being but one delegate present the alternate is entitled to 
vote to give the Post a full representation. 

J. B. Mcpherson post, no. 13. 

Delegates — V. A. Cook, Lyman E. Hanna. 
Alternates— J. M. Kellogg, S. S. Street. 
Post Commander — Geo. Ten Eyck. 
Past Post Commander — Vining A. Cook. 

U. S. GRANT POST, NO. 14. 

Delegates— E. A. Kreidler, C. W. Anderson. 
Alternates — J. W. Johnson, Andrew Bush. 
Post Commander — Henr>' Romeyn. 
Past Post Commander — R. C. Webster. 

JOHN A. LOGAN POST, NO. 15. 
Delegates— S. A. Wallace, Thomas R. Mallen. 
Alternates — ^J. J. Nickey, Wm. Deal. 
Post Commander — L. Whitney. 

Past Post Commanders— J. H. Reinhart, J. R. Goss, E. C. Waters. 
Respectfully and fraternally submitted, 

J. E. CALLAWAY, 
LEW COLEMAN, 
P. R. DOLMAN, 

Committee. 

Department Commander's Address and Report. 

Comrades: 

On this day, dedicated by our forefathers to freedom, near the 
source of two of the greatest rivers on earth, under the shadows of 
the summit of the Rocky Mountains, where civilization with its 
attendant blessings has aided in planting a community of God- 
fearing and liberty-loving people, is convened the Third Annual 
Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic for the Department 
of Montana. 

Proud of our fathers and their imperishable deeds, proud of that 
Declaration of Independence which shall stand forever as a monu- 
ment to their heroism; proud of the Constitution of the United 
States, which is the bulwark of our liberties, we meet to-day to 
renew our allegiance to these great principles of self-government, as 



-26- 

inaugurated by the immortal Washington, to keep alive the 
memories and sacrifices made by our comrades who yielded up their 
lives that a government of the people, by the people and for the 
people, should not perish from the earth; to cement the principles of 
Friendship, Charity and Loyalty; to care for and protect the 
defenders of the Union, their widows and orphans. 

These re-unions are not for the purpose of keeping alive resentful 
sentiments created by the war. They were not instituted for vain- 
glorious boastings, nor to awaken sectional hate, but to assert the 
principles for which we fought, to guard well the flag for which we 
gave the best years of our lives. 

APPOINTMENT OF STAFF OFFICERS. 

In General Order No. i, dated March 29th, 1886, the following 
appointments upon the Stafi" of the Department Commander were 
announced: 

Assistant Adjutant General, Levi E. Holmes of Butte, Lincoln 
Post, No. 2. 

Assistant Quartermaster General, Howard H. Zenor, Geo. H. 
Thomas Post, No. 4, Deer Lodge. 

The Assistant Quaitermaster General having resigned I appointed 
the Assistant Adjutant General, Levi E. Holmes, Assistant Quarter- 
master General to fill the vacancy. 

The two offices can be combined in one person, and thereby some 
expense in their several offices be saved to the Department, in small 
Departments where the business is not too great to be performed by 
one person. 

Inspector General, Geo. O. Eaton. Wm. English Post, No. 10, 
Cooke City. 

Chief Mustering Officer, Wm. Sims, of Wadsworth Post, No. 3, 
Helena. 

Judge Advocate, Wm. J. Galbraith, of Geo. H. Thomas Post, No. 
4, Deer Lodge. 

Assistant Mustering Officer, Charles S. Shoemaker, Lincoln Post, 
No. 2, Butte. 

AIDES-DE-CAMP. 

L. ^. Wyman, Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte. 

E. C. Waters, Thos. L. Kane Post, No. 12. 

A. J. Fisk, Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 

Lew Coleman, Geo. H. Thomas Post, No. 4. 

Charies H. Gould, U. S. Grant Post, No. 14. 

David Lamont, Steadman Post, No 8. 

W. H. H. Dickinson, R. C. Winthrop Post, No. 11. 



-27- 

G. \V. Rigbtenour. Custer Post, No. 5. 

Eugene Stark, F. P. Blair Post, No. 6. 

A. J. Edsall, Wm. English Post, No. 10. 

Christian Hansen, John Buford Post, No. i. 

Lyman E. Hanna, McPherson Post, No. 13. 

REPORTS. 

I commend to your careful attention the reports of the Staff 

Officers. They have performed their duties with fidelity and zeal 

and I acknowledge my obligations to them for their assistance and 

valued services. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

The organization has had a net gain of 121 in membership during 
the 5-ear past. Considering the difficulties under which many of the 
Posts work, the increase is as great as could be expected. 
% SUSPENDED OR DROPPED MEMBERS. 

There were suspended or dropped in various Posts during the 
past year, 41. In my judgment, Posts should remit the dues of all 
worth}' comrades who are unable to pay dues, and in this manner 
the loss b}^ su.spension will be reduced to the minimum. 

FINANCES. 

The finances of the Department continue to be in good shape, 

considering the demands made upon us. I respectfull)' call your 

attention to the report of the Assistant Quartermaster General, 
herewith submitted. 

CHARITY AND RELIEF. 

The different Posts report of $500.70 expended for charity and. 
relief. The calls for relief are daily becoming more frequent, and all 
our Posts are severely taxed to relieve the needy and distressed. 
The sum mentioned covers but a small part of the mone)^ expended 
by the comrades for relief. Hardly a day passes in our larger cities 
but some member of the Grand Army is a.sked for relief. As a rule 
the request is granted, and thousands of dollars are given by 
generous comrades that never find their way into the reports of Posts 
or of Departments. 

POSTS. 

The resurrection of the Posts at Billings and Livingston are 
matters for congratulation. To Comrades Waters, of Billings, and 

Comrade Hoopes, of Livingston, is due the credit of the revival of 
these Posts. 

DECISIONS. 
Several matters have come before me for decision. I approved the 
Court Martial proceedings and expulsion of Comrade Page, of 
Lincoln Post, No. 2. Also the proceedings against Comrade 
Schmalsle, of Grant Post, No. 14, of expulsion. 



-28- 

In Memoriam. 

The lengthening shadows admonish us that we are, one bj^ one, 
crossing the Great River to the Grand Review bej^ond. Since our 
last meeting, Logan, our pride and our idol, has passed to the 
unknown front. While we sound the praises and remember with 
unmeasured gratitude, the heroes whose names are known, we are 
not less mindful of the services of those above whose graves no slabs 
are raised, and the sites of whose resting places are obliterated b)^ 
the hand of nature. One spirit inspired all — love of countrj- — and 
the lowliest man who carried a musket and fell braveh- with his 
face to the foe will live forever in the memory of a grateful nation. 
Wreaths will fade and wither on their tombs; perennial flowers will 
blossom and decay; the autumn winds in eddying gusts, will sweep 
the sere and crisped leaves above them; remorseless time will raze | 
the well rounded mound where they sleep; monuments will rust and 
granite crumble; but their achievements are enduring and their 
names encircled with bright immortelles are imperishable. 

Thanking you, comrades, for the honor you have conferred upon 
me, I surrender the gavel and take my place in the ranks of the 
Grand Army until the final discharge. 

CHARLES S. WARREN, 

Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant General's Report. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R.,"^ 

Office of Assistant Adjutant General, y 

Butte City, Mont., February' 22, 1887. ) 

Charles S. Warren, 

Department Coyyimander, 
Comrade: 

As required hy the rules and regulations, I respectfullj'' submit the 
following report: 

When I assumed charge of the ofl&ce, in March, 1886, there were 
upon the Roster of the Department, thirteen Posts, with a total 
membership of three hundred and ninety-eight (398). 

The following Posts have been mustered during the year: 

Farragut Post, No. 7, Livingston, August 24, 1886; McPherson 
Post, No. 15, Billings, November 8, 1886. 

No. 7 was reinstated and received the old number of the original 
organization. 

The total membership now in good standing is 519, showing a 
net gain of 121. 



-29- 

The gains and losses during the year have been as follows: 

Gains — By muster, 175 

By transfer, 7 

By re-instatenient, - - - - 9 



Total gains, - - - - 191 

Losses — Bv honorable discharge, - . . 2 

By death, 8 

By transfer, - - - - - 19 

By suspension, - - - - 41 

Total losses, . . . . jo 



Net gain, . - . . 121 

There has been expended in chant}' during the year the sum of 
$508.70, as represented by the returns. But this does not represent 
one-half of the amount given to members of the order and their 
families, by generous and more fortunate members, who have, from 
time to time, been appealed to for aid. 

Posts throughout the Department have .shown commendable zeal 
in the work of the order during the year. 

In some places they have not had halls for holding meetings, but 
have met from time to time at one another's houses and held 
together their organizations, making regular reports. 

While the increase of membership is not large it shows a healthy 
state of the order. Perhaps it has reached the maximum, for in this 
distant Territon,- the increase of population by immigration will not 
come from those who were in the strength of manhood a quarter of a 
century' ago. And, although all who were once members of the 
Grand Army of the Union and now living amongst us, are not j^et 
enrolled in our Grand Army of the Republic; yet, it may be pre- 
sumed from this day on, more members will be mustered out by 
death than may be gathered in. 

In conclusion I desire to return to you. Commander, mj' thanks 
for the uniform courtesy that has at all times marked 3'our treatment 
of me, both officially and personally. 

Very truly yours in F. C. and 1,. , 

LEVI E. HOLMES, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

Assistant Quartermaster General's Report. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, ^ 

Grand Army of the Republic, ^ 

Butte City, Montana, Februarj- 22d, 1887. ) 

Charles S. Warren, 

Department Commande? . 
Comrade: 

I have the honor to herewith submit the following report of the 
financial transactions of this office, from the date of my assuming the 
duties thereof, March loth, 1886: 



-30- 
RECEIPTS. 



From Past Quartermaster General, - - $165 95 
From sale of supplies, - - - - 140 30 
Per capita tax, first quarter, 
" " " second quarter, 



(( (< 



107 50 

109 75 
third quarter, - - - 121 85 



98 


88 


18 


65 


5 


00 


131 


55 


7 


50 


125 


10 


2 


50 



- 


• 


15 


00 


$504 




- 








18 


- 


- 






$141 


17 


Post, 


No. 


I, 


, $- 




for 



$774 19 
Total receipts, - ' - - . $^45 35 

*Error in receipts - . - - - $128 84 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

For supplies, 

Per capita. National Department, 

Printing, 

Expenses of Assistant Adjutant's office and 
Ass't Quartermaster General's office. 

Department .seal, 

Printing, etc., 

For register book, ... - 

For clerk hire, - - - - 

Total di.sbursements, - 

Balance on hand, - 

I have received from John Buford Post, No. i, $ for the 

Grant Memorial fund, which I have fon\'arded to John Tajdor, 
Quartermaster General. 

I have received from Thomas L. Kane Post, No. 12, $13.19, and 

from U. Sf Grant Post, $75.70, for the Charleston sufierers, which I 
have forwarded to the Adjutant General. 

SUPPLIES ON HAND. 
63 badges. 2 descriptive books. 

15 rules and regulations. 8 cards, J. V. Commander. 

96 discharges. 6 Chaplain cards. 
26 traveling cards. 9 manuals. 

150 ode cards. 21 yards of ribbon for badges. 

6 .sets rituals. 10 yds. blue ribbon for rank straps. 

97 .single rank .straps. 144 lappel buttons. • 

As the term of m}^ appointment to the office of Assistant Quar- 
termaster General has drawn to a close, and I render 5'ou an account of 
m}' .stewardship, allow me to express my appreciation of the confidence 
you have repo.sed in me, and nij' thanks for the manj- courtesies I 
have received at your hands. 

I have the honor to be very truly yours in F. C. and I,. , 

LEVI E. HOLMES, 

Assistant Quartermaster General. 
(* Note— Error to be corrected hereatter.) 



-31- 
Inspector General's Report. 

Gardiner, Montana, February 12, 1887. 

IvEVi E. Holmes, Assistant Adjutant General^ 

Department of Montana, G. A. R., 
Comrade: 

I have the honor to submit the following as my report as Inspector 
of this Department for the year just past: 

Almost immediately upon my assuming the duties of my position 
I was called upon in the ordinary routine, to furnish the Inspector 
General with a report on the efficiency and discipline of the various 
Posts in the Department, the same to be used by him as data in 
making up his report to be presented to the National Encampment, 
then soon to meet in San Francisco. 

There being no time in which to make personal inspection of the 
various Posts, recourse was had to Assistant Inspectors, one for each 
Post, who were provided for by orders from the Department Com- 
mander. For the most part these Assistant Inspectors were 
promptly appointed as provided for in orders, and as promptly made 
their inspections and sent me their reports; from which I compiled 
and consolidated my own. 

There were exceptions in this promptness however: In a few 
cases considerable correspondence and solicitation was necessary on 
my part in order to get the Assistants to act; and in three cases I 
failed entirely in getting a report, and was reluctantly 
compelled to so report to the Inspector General at Mad- 
ison, Indiana. Such negligence on the part of a Post or Posts, 
not only shows a lack of interest and discipline as existing in the 
Posts themselves, but is a reflection as well on the entire Depart- 
ment, inasmuch as the subsequent report of the Inspector General of 
necessity has to call attention to such negligence. In this particular 
case, two of the three Posts which so failed in reporting, were those 
numerically the strongest in the Department, and the practical 
result is that the Inspector General in his report to the National 
Encampment only credits us with a membership of 266 in the 
Department. Reference is here made to the simple fact, without 
intention of dwelling upon or criticising the same, to the end that the 
Territorial Encampment, if it so desires, may take the proper steps 
to awaken sufficient interest to prevent the recurrence of this neglect 
in the future, on the part of any Post in the Department. 

In this connection I desire to call attention to the inconveniences 
resulting, because of the officers of a State or Territorial Encampment 
notcommencing their duties at or near the same time that the National 



-32- 

Encampment assume their functions for that calandar year. To 
illustrate: New Territorial Staff Officers will assume their portfolios 
immediately following this Encampment, to hold them for one year 
from that date. These Staff Officers each report through Department 
Commander to the corresponding officers on the staff of the Comman- 
der-in-Chief. The last named officers on the contrary have already 
been in office six months or more and go out of office at the next 
National Encampment. Therefore it follows, that just at the time 
the Territorial officers are assuming their duties they are called upon 
to assist, by their reports, in furnishing data for the annual report for 
the year preceding, of the officers of the National Encampment. The 
Inspector of this Department, for instance, will immediately be called 
upon to furnish a report for the year just past of matters in his 
Department. He has just commenced his tour of inspection and can 
have no possible official knowledge on this subject. All he can do is 
to get up a report by the aid of the Assistant Inspectors, in which he 
has little or no personal responsibility, and his functions are reduced 
to those of a clerk — simply consolidating the reports of the various 
local Inspectors. In like manner, the other Staff officers, instead of 
being called upon to make their reports after they have served their 
terms, are called upon to make their reports at the ver\' commence- 
ment of the same. 

The Inspector General in his report to the last National Encamp- 
ment refers to this, and suggests as a remedy that the report of the 
Inspector General be made to include December ist of each year 
only, as in this way he would have the benefit of the experience of 
Department Inspectors, who have been in office something like eight 
months. 

I do not know that I can scan the whole question involved, and 
therefore it is with some diffidence that I make a suggestion; but as 
far as my observation goes, this difficult}^ would be best done away 
with, if the State or Territorial Encampments met not to exceed a 
month or six weeks before the National Encampment. 

The mode of calling such Territorial Encampment could be some- 
what as follows: Let it be provided that after the National Council 
of Administration have fixed upon and announced the time for 
holding the next Annual Encampment, that the Territorial Council 
should then meet and determine upon the time for holding the Terri- 
torial Encampment — such time not to be more than six weeks in 
advance of the time fixed upon for the National Encampment. 

By doing this the Territorial officers would make their reports to 
the National officers at or near the close of their term, when they 
could do so understandingly. Of course this involves the modifi- 



-33- 

cation of Sections i and 2, Article III, Chap. Ill, Rules and 
Regulations, and can only be done by the National Encampment; 
but it is perfectly proper for this Department, if it desires, to forward 
a communication to the National Encampment explaining its views 
upon the subject. 

I desire to refer to one other subject. In order to make a system 
of inspection effective and productive of good that legitimately 
belongs to it, the respective Posts of the Department should not only 
be inspected (in a large degree) by the same observer, but there 
should be, following such inspection, and included in the general 
report, a comparison of the various Posts with each other, as regards 
their discipline, efficiency and knowledge of the ritual. 

As the inspections are now genefally conducted, each Post is 
inspected by an Assistant Inspector, chosen from within its own num- 
bers. It is, therefore, in the first instance, not only natural, but 
perhaps proper, as well as that such Assistant Inspector should be 
somewhat biased in favor of his own Post; but in the second and 
more important view of it, he inspects no other Post, and there are 
thus within the Department, as many official standards of discipline 
and efficiency as there are Posts. 

It would be manifestly unjust to subject the respective Posts to 
the test of a relative comparison as regards efficiency-, without first 
giving notice that a thing was to be done, or, in other words, with- 
out the Territorial Encampment first expressing its wish and desire 
that such relative comparison be made. 

It is my belief, however, that if it were once understood, that each 
Post had to stand on its own merits for its relative rank as regards 
discipline and soldierly qualifications, without regard to its small or 
large membership, it would be productive of a generous emulation 
between the Posts, that could but result in great gain to the Depart- 
ment as a whole. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, in F. C. and L., 

GEO. O. EATON, 

Inspector General. 

Report of Delegate to the National Encampment. 

Helena, Montana, September ist, 1886, 
Comrade Levi E. Holmes, Assistatit Adjutant General, 

Department of Montana, G. A. R., 
Dear Sir: 

At the last annual session I was elected to represent this Depart- 
ment in the Twentieth Annual Session of the National Encampment 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, to be held in San Francisco, in 
the then ensuing August, and I desire to make a report to the 



-34- 

Commander-in-Chief and comrades, of such matters as in my view 
will be interesting and useful, and of my action thereat: 

The annual meeting of our organization for the first time upon the 
shores of the Pacific Ocean, was largely attended by representatives 
from the several portions of the United States, and I think from 
every State and Territory. 

The magnitude of the attendance was such as to indicate the 
increasing interest which clusters around the organization, and the 
hospitality of the citizens of California, demonstrated how large a 
place it holds in the affections and gratitude of the American people. 
A hospitality was proffered it by the citizens upon the western shore 
of the Continent so sincere in quality and abounding in quantity, as 
to make us all feel that California remembers gratefully the services 
of the soldiers of the Republic during the late rebellion. The very 
remoteness of our meeting from the residences of a large majority of 
those in attendance, no doubt made it seem fitting to the people of 
California, that they should give us a greeting hitherto unparalleled; 
and the comrades of the various Grand Army Posts manifested a pro- 
fusion of hospitality impossible of description, and the officers and 
citizens of the State assisted th#m in this demonstration, and nothing 
occurred in any way to mar the pleasure of our visit. 

Considering the distance to be traveled, the attendance was 
surprisingly large, and at least eleven thousand comrades joined our 
procession of the 5th of August in San Francisco. 

Various outlaying towns of California invited the Grand Army of 
the Republic to be their guests, and the hospitality extended by 
those towns was certainly surprising to our comrades, who were not 
unused to the hospitality and liberality which characterized the 
people of California. 

The business of the session was transacted in three days, and when 
we consider the large number of questions to which the attention of 
the session was called, it is not surprising that some matters were 
disposed of, without that mature deliberation which their importance 
demanded. Notably might such a result be expected, when we 
consider the large number of the members of the National Encamp- 
ment, who were unfamiliar with parliamentary law, and the anxiety 
of each comrade to get before the Encampment those considerations 
which seemed to him controlling, the various questions to be 
discussed. 

First among these questions probable is the matter of pensions to 
to soldiers who served in the armies against the rebellion and were 
honorably discharged therefrom. This subject has been an 
absorbing one for the last four or five sessions of the National En- 



campment, and growing dissatisfaction with the existing condition 
of things may be easily observed. The Committee on Pensions 
consisted of some of the ablest men of the country; in behalf of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, they have sought for the last three or 
four years to obtain from Congress the enactment of a law whereby 
pensions could be secured. First, to every discharged soldier and 
sailor who served during the war against the rebellion, of sixtj-five 
years of age or more. Second, every one who is disabled or in need, 
without requiring proof that such disability is in consequence of such 
service. Thus far have they sought pensions and no farther. They 
have succeeded in increasing the pensions of widows from eight to 
twelve dollars per month, but their other efforts thus far have been 
persistent and futile. 

That Committee has also attempted to secure some further 
legislation increasing pensions already granted, and also an equaliza- 
tion of bounties. 

It is quite apparent that what legislation is obtained at the present 
time, must be wrested from Congress, one house of which at least, is 
not in earnest sympathy with the end which the Committee has in 
view. 

During all these years many thoughtful comrades have arrived at 
the conclusion that it is the part of wisdom to pass a law providing 
for ' ''Service Pensions, ' ' to every honorably discharged soldier and 
sailor who served against the rebellion. No doubt that if such a law 
were passed, the large majority of soldiers who might become 
pensioners under it, but were not in need of it, would decline to 
make an application therefor. And a sharply defined controversy 
exists in our organization between that class of persons whom our 
Committee on Pensions represent, and those who believe that a 
service pension bill should be passed. 

The argument made by the Committee is, that by the legislation 
which they propose, every deserving and needy soldier could obtain 
a pension, and that all others may be fitly omitted from the pension 
roll. Those who take the opposite view, do not seem to have been 
so successful in getting their views before the members of the G. A. 
R., or before the public itself, as their opponents. They say, 

First, That the granting of a pension by the National Government 
to every honorably discharged soldier and sailor, who served in the 
hour of peril, is just, and in the present condition of public finance, is 
not at all a piece of extravagance. 

Second, That being just, it is right to a.sk for it, because its effect 
would be to do away with the large army of pension agents and 
attorneys, who live upon the pittance of the needy soldiers and 



-36- 

sailors now, appljnng under existing laws for pensions. 

Third, That it would terminate the delays, which are the scandal 
of the Pension Office, whereby the needy and deserving do not have 
their cases acted upon in any reasonable time. 

Fourth, That the passage of such a law would make ever}^ 
soldier's discharge his pension papers, and therefore, there would be 
no excuse for these delays. 

Fifth, That the witnesses who could testify to the facts necessarj^ 
now to establish a claim to a pension are either dead or so scattered 
as to make the procurement of a pension more expensive than the 
value when secured. 

These latter considerations, as matters of fact, seem to be true, and 
practically their truth is not denied, by those who propose different 
action. The question is, as to the extent they should appeal to 
the Congress of the United States. 

Another consideration operated upon my own mind in determining 
the course which I finally took in the San Francisco National 
Encampment. Inasmuch as it appeared that Congress is now so 
constituted that pensions will be given grudgingly, it seems desirable 
to demand of it everything that is just, hoping thereby to extract 
from it at least, the pittance pensioning the needy, deser\dng and 
disabled and aged soldiers who served in the rebellion. 

If a strong public sentiment were awakened, favoring the granting 
of pensions to all soldiers and sailors of the rebellion, doubtless, 
in the apprehension that such legislation might pass, the enemies of 
pensions would strive to weaken that public sentiment by selecting 
out the needy and disabled, as a concession to that public 
sentiment, while refusing service pensions as such. 

A large number of soldiers are now annually dying, whose appli- 
cation, has been on file for many years, but who are unable to get 
from remote portions of the country, the evidence which is held to be 
necessary to entitle them to the same, and in many instances officers 
and comrades have died, and such proof is practically impossible. 

No law is proposed by anybody which will compel the acceptance 
of a pension, and the rich and healthy will not apply for such 
remuneration. It was said in the Twentieth National Encampment 
that some delegates in their subordinate Grand Army Posts, professed 
to favor "Service Pensions," and when they appeared in the 
National Encampment as representatives, opposed the same ; and* it 
seems fair, inasmuch as this seems to be an absorbing question, that 
the ayes and nays on this sharply defined contention shall be called 
in the next Encampment, until the actual desires of the subordinate 
Posts .shall find true expression in the National Encampment. 



-37- 

Not desiring any pension myself, I, nevertheless, from considera- 
tions which I have indicated, joined the minority of the Committee 
on Resolutions, in recommending the "Service Pension," hoping 
thereby to serve the multitude of needy and deserving comrades 
whose just demands have been so long mocked by technical 
regulations and provoking delays. Procrastinating these applications 
is equivalent to a denial of right, and I could not feel that the 
disabled comrades in asking for a pension, appeared in the guise of 
mendicants asking for charity, but as persons claiming a promised 
reward; and I feel that I could not excuse myself to the vast 
multitude who begin to feel that the Republic is ungrateful, if in so 
responsible and influential a body, as the National Encampment of 
the Grand Army, I omitted anything to lift from their shoulders, the 
burden of proving, under great difficulties, the multifarious facts, 
which the law and the rules of the Pension Office require. 

Entirely mindful that this is a subject about which my comrades 
of this Department differ, I, nevertheless, am of the opinion, that we 
should insist that every honorably discharged soldier and sailor of 
the United States, during the late rebellion, is entitled thereby to a 
pension, if he request it, and while I shall not seriously demur if we 
do not obtain such a law, I am satisfied thereby, we shall assist 
materially, the sick, disabled and needy applicants. 

I was requested by the U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, to endeavor to 
secure from the Secretaries of War and of the Navy, to the members 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, now in the naval or military' 
service of their country, the right to wear the badges of the 
G. A. R. 

It was stated to me, that young officers of the army, at in- 
spections or on occasions of parade, had insolently reproached old 
soldiers in the ranks, for wearing the insignia of the Grand Army. 
Thinking that such action should be stopped, I procured the 
Committee on Resolutions to recommend, and the National Encamp- 
ment adopted, a resolution which reads as follows: 

Resolved, That the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Armj?- be 
requested to procure orders from the Secretary of War, and from the 
Secretary of the Navy, permitting the officers, soldiers and sailors, 
who served in the army and navy of the United States, and who 
belong to this organization, to wear the badge of the Grand Army of 
the Republic where so servnng. 

It was very gratifying in San Francisco to see so large a number 
of comrades from our own Department in attendance, and to join in 
so large a procession and march under the banner of Montana. 
Nearly a hundred comrades taking advantage of the occasion, visited 
San Francisco during the National Encampment; and Montana had 



-38- 

a larger force marching in procession than any other Territory of the 
United States, and, in fact, larger than some of the remoter states of 
the Union. 

By the courtesy of the Commander-in-Chief, we have been accorded 
four Aides-de-Camp in the Territory of Montana. Comrade Ela C. 
Waters, member of the National Council of Administration, was in 
attendance at San Francisco, Comrade Charles S. Warren, Com- 
mander of the Department of Montana, was in attendance upon the 
Encampment, and opened there a Headquarters for this Department, 
which furnished a convenient means of communication between the 
various comrades from this Territory. 

It was at their request that I accepted the position of member from 
this Department in the National Council of Administration for the 
ensuing year. 

I deem it highly important before I close this report, to say that in 
my judgment, it is desirable that the Department of Montana be 
represented in the National Encampments. 

I trust that the Comrades elected, at whatever inconvenience 

involved, will attend these meetings. They are occasions of 

absorbing interest, and our rapidly decreasing numbers seem to 

devolve upon us the duty of discharging every labor that the 

companionship in such an organization involves. 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

W. F. SANDERS. 

Reading of the Minutes of the Last Encampment. 

Only a part of the minutes were read; the remaining part was 
omitted and referred to a special committee, consisting of Comrades 
W. F. Sanders, Wm. J. Galbraith and Will Kennedy. 

Report of the Special Committee on the Minutes of the Last Annual 

Encampment. 

To the Commayider in Chief of the Department of Montana: — 

Your .special committee, appointed to examine the records of the 
proceedings of the last Department Encampment, has performed 
that duty, and is of the opinion that the said proceedings are com- 
plete and in perfect form. 

The proceedings which are not formal parts of the records are so 
short that they could be read at the encampment without delay, if 
any comrades present would' so desire. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. , C. & L. 

W. F. Sanders, '\ 
W. J. Galbraith, >■ Committee. 
W11.L Kennedy. ) 
On motion the report of the Committee on Minutes was received 
and adopted, and the minutes of the last encampment approved. 



-39- 

Election of Department Officers for the Ensuing Year. 

The Encampment now proceeded to the election of oflScers for the 
ensuing year, and Commander Warren appointed Comrades Wm. 
Sims and Henr>' Romeyn as tellers. 

COMMANDER. 

Comrade Ela C. Waters was then placed in nomination for De- 
partment Commander, from Post No. 15, Billings. 

A ballot was then taken and resulted in an almost unanimous 
vote for Comrade Waters as Commander. By motion of Comrade 
H. S. Howell, the vote was made unanimous, and Comrade Waters 
was duly declared elected as Department Commander for the ensuing 

year. 

SENIOR VICE-COMMANDER. 

Comrades Will Kennedy, of Winthrop Post, No. 11, and H. S. 
Howell, of Frank P. Blair Post, No. 6, were nominated. 

The ballot resulted in casting 18 votes for Comrade Will Kenned}^ 
and 19 votes for Comrade Howell. 

By motion of Comrade Kennedy the vote for Comrade Howell was 
made unanimous, and he was duly declared elected as S. V. C. 

JUNIOR VICE-COMMANDER. 

Comrades H. C. Kessler, of Lincoln Post, No. 2, and Will Ken- 
nedy, of Winthrop Post, No. 1 1 , were placed in nomination. The 
ballot resulted in the election of Comrade H. C. Kessler, as J. V. C. 
for the ensuing year. 

DELEGATES AND ALTERNATES TO THE NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

It was found by the Rules and Regulations of the G. A. R. that 

this Department is entitled to two delegates, having a membership 

of over five hundred. 

DELEGATES. 

Comrades P. R. Dolman, Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte, and G. W. 

Shaw, of Wadsworth Post, No. 3, Helena, were elected Delegates to 

the National Encampment. 

ALTERNATES. 

Comrade J. E. Callaway, of Frank P. Blair Post, No. 6, was 
elected as alternate for Delegate P. R. Dolman, Comrade M. P. Wy- 
man, of Thomas L. Kane Post, No. 12, was elected alternate for Del- 
egate G. W. Shaw. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

The following Comrades were unanimously elected : 
Will Kennedy, of Winthrop Post, No. 11. 
Pierce Hoops, Jr., of Farrogut Post, No. 7. 
R. E. Fisk, of Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 
C. ly. F. Wyman, of Lincoln Post, No. 2. 
E- F. Ferris, of Wm. English Post, No. 10. 



-40- 

MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Comrade G. W. Grant, M. D., of Farragut Post. No. 7, was unan- 
imously elected. 

DEPARTMENT CHAPLAIN. 

Comrade R. B. Smith, ofWadsworth Post, No. 3, was elected. 

PLACE OF HOLDING THE FOURTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 
Miles City was chosen as the next place of meeting. 

RESOLUTION. 

On motion, the Ass't. Adj't. General was instructed to procure a 
blank book, where all members of the Encampment and visiting 
Comrades should sign their names, and to be kept for future En- 
campments. 

RESOLUTIONS 

Presented bj' a committee and adopted by a rising vote of the En- 
campment, "on the death of Comrade John A. Logan : 

The members of this Encampment cannot omit, on this occasion, 
the expression of their sorrow at the death of John A. Logan, the 
first Commander in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, and 
our admiration for his services and character. In war he was the 
beau ideal of a soldier — calm and courageous in battle, and ever so- 
licitous for the welfare and honor of his command. In peace he was 
a Statesman of broad views, wearing out his life in the discharge of 
official duty ; ever without reproach or fear. In his home he was a 
husband beloved, and his children call him blessed. As a member 
of our organization, he was imbued with its spirit, devoted to its 
welfare, and inspired with its illustrious menlbires and renown. As 
an author he wrote conspicuously and curtly of the mightiest contention 
of the times. 

Charged with the grave duties of State, he gave his life to their 
discharge, and stood aloof from the sordid occurrences of life, under 
circumstances where others would have achieved wealth, until the 
moderation of his fortune is a part of his fame. As a tribute of our 
gratitude to, and aifection for our late Commander-in-Chief, we will 
in each subordinate Post in this jurisdiction, make special and offi- 
cial eifort to increase the sale of the ' ' Great Conspiracy, ' ' a noble 
tribute to our National history', and "The Volunteer Soldier," a 
post-humous work, soon to be published, of which works General 
Logan is the author, and the proceeds from the sale of which will 
comprise the pecuniary resources of his surviving and noble wife, 
whom we salute with words of affectionate and re.spectful sympathy 
in this hour of her great and overwhelming sorrow, with instructions 
to our Commander-in-Chief to forward to her a copy of this expres- 
sion of our great grief 

This resolution was presented by Col. W. F. Sanders, and was 
unanimously, and with deep and solemn feeling, adopted by a rising 
vote of the Encampment. 



-41- 
Report of the Council of Administration. 

To the Third Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, Grand 
Army of the Republic: 

Comrades: — Your Council of Administration, having had under 
consideration the various reports of the Department Oflficers for the 
past year, beg leave to report. That, relative to that portion of 
Department Commander Warren's report as to dues, the following 
action was had: Moved by Comrade Callaway, that the clause of 
the Commander's report, recommending that the dues of all worthy 
comrades who are unable to pay the same, be referred to the several 
Posts of the Department, with the recommendation that at their 
discretion they do remit such dues. Carried. 

The report of Ass' t. Adj't General Holmes was examined and ap- 
proved. 

The report of Ass' t. Q. M. G. Holmes was examined, the accounts 
audited and found correct. 

That portion of Inspector General Eaton's report, recommending a 
personal inspection of the several posts by the Inspector, is approved, 
and recommended to the favorable consideration of the Depart- 
ment for its action, with the suggestion that the traveling ex- 
penses of the Inspector, to the amount of $ioo, be met by the de- 
partment. 

The report of W. F. Sanders, Delegate of the Department of Mon- 
tana to the 2oth Nai-ional Encampment, reciting his action thereat, 
meets with the hearty approval of the Council of Administration, and 
is commended to that of this Encampment. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

Charles Warren, Chairman of C. of A. 

By vote of the Encampment the report of the Council of Adminis- 
tration was received and adopted ; and by special vote, it was de- 
cided to allow the Inspector the sum of $ioo for traveling expenses. 

Way and Means were discussed of raising the money to pay the 
traveling expenses of the Inspector. It was at first moved that 
when the Inspector visits any post, that the members be assessed 25 
cents per capita to meet the expenses of the Inspector. Motion lost. 

Moved by Capt. Mills that an inspection fund be raised by levying 
a tax of 15 cents, the second quarter, on all members. Lost. 

It was then moved by Comrade J. G. Sanders that the per capita tax 
be raised from 25 to 30 cents per capita, in order to raise this inspec- 
tion fund of $100. This motion was carried, whereupon Comrade 
Will Kennedy called the attention of the Encampment to Art. III., 
of Chapter V., Rules and Regulations G. A. R., setting forth the 
maximum tax that the Department can assess, "per capita," is $1 00. 
The above motion was then declared null and void. 

It was then moved by Comrade Callaway, that all motions for 
extra assessments be laid on the table. Carried. 



-42- 

NSTALLATION OF DEPARTMENT OFFICERS BY CHIEF MUSTERING OFFI- 
CER SIMS. 

The names of the officers elect were called, also the appointed offi- 
cers, and were duly installed for the ensuing year, by Chief Muster- 
ing Officer Sims, and are as follows: 

Department Commander, Ela C. Waters. 

Senior Vice-Department Commander, H. S. Howell. 

Junior Department Commander, H. C. Kessler. 

Medical Director, G. W. Grant, M. D. 

Assistant Adjutant General, R. C. Webster. 

First Quartermaster General, Jas. R. Goss. 

Inspector, Capt. Henry Romeyn. 

Judge advocate, W. F. Sanders. 

Chief Mustering Officer, Ross Deegan. 

Assistant Mustering Officer, J. D. Jinks. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Comrades Will Kennedy, Pierce Hoops, Jr., R. E. Fisk, C. F. Wy- 
man and E. F. Ferris. 

The Chaplain elect was not present to be installed. 

RESOLUTION OF VOTE OF THANKS TO THE RETIRING OFFICERS. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Department are due, and. are 
hereby tendered to the Department Commander, and the members ot 
the staff respectively, for their most admirable and valuable reports. 

RESOLUTION ON REPRESENTATION. 

Resolved, That each Post in good standing shall be entitled to two 
representatives, to be elected according to the Rules and Regulations 
governing the G. A. R. , and an additional representative in the ratio 
of one for every fifty members in good standing, and one additional 
representative for a final fraction of more than half that number. 

This resolution was presented by Comrade J. G. Sanders, and 
adopted by the Encampment. 

A VOTE OF THANKS TO LINCOLN POST NO. 2, AND TO THE CITIZENS 

OF BUTTE. 

■ 

Resolved, That the thanks of this encampment are due, and are 
hereby tendered to Lincoln Post, No. 2, and to the Comrades and 
citizens of Butte for their hospitality which they have manifested, 
and the care they have taken to make our stay in the Silver City of 
the Northwest enjoyable. 

There being no further business to come before the Department, 

Commander Waters closed the Third Annual Encampment of the 

Department in due form, sine die. 

[Attest,] LEVI E. HOLMES, 

Ass't. Adj't. General. 



ENCAMPMENT PROCEEDINGS 

SKSSION 1887. 



Headquarters, Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 

Miles City, Montana, March 21, 1888. 

Pursuant to General Order No. 8, the Fourth Annual Encamp- 
ment, Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, met at 
the Hall of the U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, at 10 o'clock A. M., Mch. 
2ist, 1888. 

Department Commander, Ela C. Waters, called the Encampment 
to order, and, in the absence of Chaplain Smith, prayer was offered 
by Comrade Wallace. 

Roll call, and the following Comrades answered to their names: 

Ela C. Waters, Department Commander ; G. W. Grant, Medical 
Director ; Henry Romeyn, Inspector ; W. F. Sanders, Judge 
Advocate ; Ross Deegan, Chief Mustering Officer. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 
Pierce Hoopes, Jr., Chairman ; R. E. Fisk, E. F. Ferris. 

JOHN BUFORD POST, NO. i. 
M. C. Wilkinson, Christian Hanson, C. M, Walker. 

LINCOLN POST, NO. 2. 
Levi E. Holmes, P. P. C. ; Charles Shoemaker. 

WADSWORTH POST, NO. 3. 

R. E. Fisk, Richard Hoback, A. O. Simons, James McKenzie, P. 
P. C, J. G. Sanders. 

GEORGE H. THOMAS POST, NO. 4. 
James H. Mills, W. J. Galbraith. 

CUSTER POST, NO. 5. 
I. D. Moore. 

FRANK P. BLAIR POST, NO. 6. 
(Not represented.) 

FARRAGUT POST, NO. 7. 
John Skillen, P. P. C, George L. Chambers. 



-44- 

STEADMAN POST, NO. 8. 
(Not represented.) 

WILLIAM ENGLISH POST, NO. lo. 
George O. Eaton, W. F. Sanders. 

WINTHROP POST, NO. ii. 
(Not represented.) 

THOMAS L. KANE POST, NO. 12. 
M. P. Wyman, Geo. R. Davis, P. P. C, H. C. Tuttle. 

J. B. Mcpherson post, no. 13. 

A. S. Kellogg, P. P. C, V. A. Cook. 

U. S. GRANT POST, NO. 14, 
Wm. Harmon, Charles H. Allen, P. P. C. John Tullj-. 

JOHN A. LOGAN POST, NO. 15. 
S. A. Wallace. 

GEORGE G. MEADE POST, NO. 16. 
(Not represented.) 

Report of Department Commander. 

Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic: — 

In calling to order this Fourth Annual Encampment, I welcome 
you as representatives of the remnant of the grandest Armj- ever known 
to the world — as the representatives of an army that did more for 
mankind and civilization than any armj- that history ever recorded. 

As we go back to the great armies that have been, and their 
achievements, commencing with that great army that left New Car- 
thage, commanded by that great warrior, Hannibal, some 218 j-ears 
before the Christian era, w^hich performed a most tiresome and 
hazardous march over the Pyrinees, up the Rhone, acrass the plains, 
and finally over the Alps, landing his battered, broken army in the 
heart of the Roman Empire, and there, with his noble Carthagenian 
arm}', assisted by their Gaulish allies, waged a victorious war and 
conquest for fourteen long years, surrounded, seemingly, on all sides 
by their Roman enemies ; thej- waged a war of extermination, and 
even rapped at the gates of Rome. This army was a noble one. and 
was composed of brave, heroic men, and was led by Hannibal, the 
greatest son of Carthage. But with all their heroisms, with all their 
sacrifices and blood}- battles, they were hurled back to Carthage, a 



-45- 

broken, bleeding remnant, scarcely reaching 3,000 disheartened men ; 
but not until they had left upon the bloody fields of battle, 300,000 
of their Roman foes ; and thus went down to histor>' the deeds of 
that great Carthagenian army. 

And then we come to the great Roman armies, commanded by 
Pompey and Julius Caesar, with his Roman gladiators, soldiers and 
allies, that conquered all the barbaric tribes, and finally waged war 
upon and conquered the Germans, Gauls, Thracians and Parthians. 
Finally, after twelve long years of bloody war Caesar and his noble 
army were in command of land and sea, having left on one bloody 
field 150,000 slain. Extending their conquests to Egyptian shores, 
they there dethroned Cleopatra, history's most beautiful queen, 
making her and her army prisoners. Then they returned to Roman 
shores, to extinguish the last flickering light of Pompey 's fragmen- 
tary-, fleeing army and allied hosts. And thus the sun went down 
upon that victorious Roman army, with Caesar, its commander, a 
mangled, bleeding corpse, assassinated by a hand that should have 
been first to strike terror to his foes. 

And then we read of Frederick the Great and his victorious army, 
his many victories and his many conquests. 

We readily recall the victories won by Oliver Cromwell and his 
army of sturdy Britons, as they swept over England, Ireland and 
Scotland, laying waste everj^thing controlled by the crown ; and 
their religious ambition was not satisfied until Charles the First was 
beheaded, and his family seemingly forever banished. 

Still further on we arrive at the scene of action of Napoleon the 
Great, and his seemingly unconquerable army ; we see them in Italy 
as the}^ are waiting for a commander, unclothed, unfed, unshod. 
We see Napoleon, the beardless, almost boy, as he replies to one of 
the Directory, when he remarks: " You are rather young to assume 
the responsibilities of eighty, and to take command of our veteran 
Generals." Standing erect, eyes flashing, cheeks burning, and a 
hand trembling with emotion, he replies : "It is not well for one to 
talk to me of war, and of being too young, who has never smelled 
powder nor heard the din of battle. In one year I shall either be 
older or dead. ' ' 

He is given command of the army of Italy, and is shortly with his 
depleted troops. By his great genius his army is enthused with his 
youthful vigor and action. In less than six weeks, that depleted, 
disorderly and disheartened army, has won, under the magic touch 
of Napoleon's great mind, victorj- upon victory: and with less than 
40,000 men, that grand army has killed, wounded and taken prisoner 
220,000 Italian and Austrian veterans. 



-46- 

Again we see this grand Army at I,odi, Rivoli, Castiglio, Areola, 
Millessimo ; and again we see them toiling over the burning sands 
of Egypt, and still further on, in Jerusalem. Again we see them in 
Italy. Again they are at the fiercely-fought and victorious 
battle of Marengo, which re-conquered Italy , victorious at Ponte- 
bello, at the Black Forest, and at the Danube — victory ever perching 
on their standard, and they knew not of defeat. 

Again we see them at the battle of Austerlitz, on that bright De- 
cember morning, when Russian, Austrian and German hosts all 
combined to annihilate them ; and before the sun went down these 
combined forces were defeated ; either killed, wounded or taken 
prisoners. 

Again we see them at the destruction of Moscow, and in our mind's 
eye, we are with them as they toil through snow and ice, unfed, 
unclothed and unprotected from the drifting snow and sleet. We see 
Marshal Ney, " the bravest of the brave," as he covers their retreat, 
battling against thousands with as many hundreds. His fragments 
of troops charge and re-charge, seemingly at .superhuman efforts, and 
cut their way through the dense columns of sturdy Ru.ssians, and 
finally reaching their native land, broken and disheartened, with 
scarcel)^ a remnant left to tell the tale. But again the veterans are 
brought forth, and their lines .swelled by patriotic, heroic men ; and 
we find them on the bloody field of Waterloo. Struggle after .strug- 
gle, charge after charge, was showered upon the solid English 
squares. Ney, in command of the Old Guard, went forth to do or to 
die ; and amid carnage and death's havoc, they melted away, as do 
the snows on the mountain tops, before the mid-day sun. And thus 
went to historj^'s brightest pages, the deeds of this grand army, and 
its grand commander. 

And now we are with the noble army of Washington, as they bat- 
tle for the right. We see them at Bunker Hill, at Ticonderoga, at 
Valley Forge, and we are with them as they cross the ice-bound Del- 
aware. We see them contending against almost overwhelming odds 
of Hessian hirelings. 'We see them tattered and torn, reduced to the 
fragment of an army, but with true American patriotism their 
ranks are replenished, discipline restored, and while hu.sbanding 
their strength for the mighty struggle, there is a hushed stillness, as 
if the Gods would have it so ; so that army prepared for the mighty 
conflict. Yorktown was to be the .scene of a most glorious victory — 
a victor}^ that made America the " land of the free," and placed on 
high the Stars and Stripes, which to-day command the respect and 
admiration of the whole world. That day is the day that set 
America free from a tj^rant's yoke. God bless that noble army. 



-47- 

God bless those heroic souls, that offered up their lives so willingly, 
that this nation might be free. They little knew of their future 
greatness, or of the greatness of the land for which they fought. 
They had drunk in the air of freedom, and they fought with the 
courage of freedom ; and with the assistance of Divine 
Providence, they were victorious, winning for future 'generations a 
most noble heritage, which, under the guardian care of their chil- 
dren, and their children's children, has developed into the greatest 
and most noble of all nations; and leaving those dear, care-worn 
forefathers to the place assigned them by history, I arrive at the 
Grand Army, of which you are the worthy representatives. 

You are the representatives of that Grand Army which gave to 
this land of ours the rightful nanje of ' ' The Land of the Free. ' ' In 
all the length and breadth of this broad land, there are none but free 
men. The Grand Army that you represent has done much for one 
generation. They have put down a most unholy rebellion — a 
rebellion that shook the nation from center to circumference, rocking 
her to and fro, tottering first to the right and then to the left, so 
greatly was she shaken upon her strong foundation. 

Those were times that "tried men's souls." But this Grand 
Army went forth in those dark, dark days — went forth from 
their countrj- homes, their counting houses, their families and loving 
friends, all at their country's call. 

They endured hardships, which none but those that were there, 
can ever know. I can see them at Gettysburg, at Lookout Moun- 
tain, at Fort Donelson and Vicksburg, in the wilderness, at Stone 
River, at Chickamahga and Chancellorsville, at Pittsburgh Landing 
and in the Shenandqah. I can see them at Atlanta and on the glo- 
rious march to the sea; and in all these trying scenes, this army was the 
same stubborn, persistent foe. With the same lofty aim, with the 
same patriotism and loyalty, they struggled on, and finally victory 
crowned their efforts, and the Union was preserved, the old banner 
was kept on high, and the chains that bound four million souls 
were forever broken. 

While the armies of Greece and Rome, of Germany, of England, 
France and Russia were great and noble ones, yet the Grand Army 
that fought from 1861 to 1865, was by far the greater. The armies 
of the Old World fought — some for conqiiest, some to protect a royal 
crown, while others fought for the self-aggrandizement of a single 
soul ; but your noble army fought — not for self-aggrandizement, but 
that you might raise to the light of day, those down-trodden wretches 
of humanity, and bid them go forth as free and loyal men. That 
same spirit of loyalty and manhood prevailed at Appomattox, in 



-48- 

dealing with your conquered foes. They were not stripped of their 
all ; the}^ were not treated as a vanquished army, but like brothers 
of an erring kind. The great struggle of arms, that you so well re- 
member, was at an end, and they went back to their homes and 
harvest fields, their work-shops and counting rooms. Many ven- 
turesome spirits went to the far West, then an unknown wilderness ; 
and there developed for themselves and families happy and prosper- 
homes. And during these past, and seemingly short twenty-eight 
years, this nation has nearly paid that monstrous debt — paid by the 
same generation and the same hands that fought to destroy and 
save it. 

These are facts. Where in the pages of histor>^ do you 
find a nobler record? And still this government shrinks from its 
duty towards its protectors; turns a deaf ear upon those who saved it 
from destruction, and kept its flag on high. Yes, as they go down 
the stream of life, battered and broken beings, that constitution 
once so strong and full of vigor, has been shattered from exposure, 
or nearly consumed by di.sease, that, too, contracted while fighting 
for their country'. And in their declining years and feeble condition, 
they are reminded of a Nation's love,* of this government's gratitude, 
as they are introduced to some lonely home in a country poor house. 
How kind! how considerate! but such is the gratitude of 
selfish man. 

But thanks to the Grand Army of the Republic of to-day, those 
things are not allowed to be. That army, so noble in war, is still 
greater in peace; and those unfortunate comrades are cared for at your 
expense. That same noble spirit prevails among you, and you are 
doing for those enfeebled comrades, that which our government 
has neglected to do — yes, thrice refused, although the treasury is 
now expanding nearlj- beyond its capacity. 

During the past year, there has been expended by the G. A. R. in 
relieving its needy and destitute comrades, and their families, 
$253,934; dispensed among some 24,585 persons. And I will 
venture to state, that there has been fully that amount contributed 
by private subscriptions by members of the G. A. R. in, and for the 
relief of their dependent and infirm comrades; making in round 
numbers, a grand total of over $500,000; and such is the work of the 
G. A. R. of to-day. ' 

But while we care for those enfeebled and infirm, let us not forget 
the noble dead, who gave up their lives for their countr>-; some 
dying in the midst of bloody battles; while many gave up their lives 
in Southern prisons, mocked by famine and starvation, as the breath 
of life went forth from their feeble and emaciated bodies. Let us 



-49- 

pay to them such tributes as are still in our power, and by yearly 
decorating their graves, we not only pay them a just and kindly 
remembrance, but inspire in the rising generation, that spirit of 
loyalty and patriotism, so necessary to the welfare of all nations. 

REPORTS. 
I invite your attention to the reports of the officers, which will 
show in detail, the work of the several departments. 

FINANCES. 
I would call your attention to the Acting Assistant Quartermaster 
General's report, wherein it will be seen that strict economy has been 
practiced, and that our funds are left in an excellent condition, 
although we have made several necessary improvements, in the way 
of traveling, field desk, books, stationery, etc. We still have in 
the Acting Quartermaster's hands $387.84, an increase of $117.84. 
since our last Encampment. 

OFFICIAL VISITS. 

During the past year I have had the pleasure of visiting the 
following Posts, and find them in a flourishing condition: 

John Buford, Lincoln, Wadsworth, George H. Thomas, Farragut, 
William English, R. C. Winthrop, Thomas L. Kane, J. B. 
McPherson, U. S. Grant, John A. Logan, George G. Meade. 

The only Posts not visited are Custer, Frank P. Blair and 
Steadman. Everywhere I have been received in the most 
cordial manner, and I cannot refrain from taking this opportunity of 
extending to my beloved comrades, my sincere appreciation of the 
courtesies extended to me, and for the warm, soldierly welcome, given 
me at the several Posts. They shall ever be held in gratefu 
remembrance. 

NEW POSTS. 
During the past year, there has been established in th. 
Department, one new Post, George G. Meade, No. 16; and there k 
every prospect that there will soon be three other Posts established 
in this Department. Every effort has been made at Department 
Headquarters to stimulate their organization, and I trust soon to see 
them mustered. 

TITLES. 
I will introduce a subject, that I earnestly commend to youi 
attention and consideration, and in so doing, will quote from a lettf 
of Past Commander Kuntz's report to the National Encampmen., 
Portland, which is applicable to my case: 



-50- 

"I sincerely trust that G. A. R. generals, everywhere, will take 
position to mold a sentiment among comrades, against the lavish 
misuse of titles. Not only is the writer spoken of by the press as 
"General," but nearly all documents and letters received by him, 
come addressed in the same way, or by some other distinction of 
rank to which he never attained. While no comrade more highly 
honors the soldiers who have worthily won and worn rank and title, 
in the army, yet, in justice to such, to the rank and file, and to the 
fact, he reminds all that his line of duty was in the ranks of the 
army of his country; wherein he believes faithful service is a 
distinction and honor, of which any American citizen may justly 
feel a glowing pride. ' ' 

Experience has strengthened in my mind, the opinion expressed 
by Comrade Kuntz, and I trust the abuse will be corrected. 

THE SONS OF VETERANS. 

I am happy to be able to state that there has been established four 
Camps of Sons of Veterans in this Department, all of which are in 
.good order, and in a flourishing condition. 

In conclusion, allow me to extend to the officers of this Department, 
my most humble and sincere thanks, for their hearty support and 
co-operation. They have each, and every one of them, discharged 
their respective duties, in a manner highly commendable to 
themselves and to the Department. 

My fellow comrades, it will always be a source of great pleasure 
and pride for me, to look back in my declining years, to the year 
when I was your Department Commander. The association will 
ever be the brightest of life's memories; and may He, who doeth all 
things well, keep you in Fidelity, Charity and Loyaltj^ and may 

He ever watch over all comrades of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. 

E. C. WATERS, 

Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant General's Report. 

Miles City, Montana, March 21st, 1888. 
To Ela C. Waters, 

Department Comnia7ider. 
Comrade: 

As required by rules and regulations. I have the honor to submit 
the following report: 

Comrade R. C. Webster, who was appointed by you at Third 
Annual Encampment, to be Assistant Adjutant General of this 
Department, and having resigned his position, October 22d, 1887, by 
General Order No. 6, dated October 25th, 1887, you did me the 
honor to appoint me as his successor. 



-51- 

When Comrade Webster assumed the duties of this oflBce, there 
was 519 members in good standing in this Department. 

There has been chartered in the Department during the j^ear, 
George G. Meade Post, No. 16; T. C. Davidson, Post Commander. 

The gains and losses for the year are as follows: 

Gains — By muster 102 

By transfer, " - 5 

By re-instatement, . . . . ^24 



Total gains, 431 

Losses — By death, 12 

By honorable discharge, - - - 4 

By transfer, - 16 

By suspension, 412 



Total losses, - - - - ^ ^t\ 

This leaves a balance of 506 members in good standing, showing a 
loss of 13 members; there are two Posts with total membership of 36, 
that were necessarilj^ suspended, by being delinquent, w^hich will be 
re-instated the present quarter, as their reports have been received 
since being reported delinquent, so that we have an actual gain of 23. 
There has been expended in charity, as shown by the quarterl^^ 
returns, $374.38, but if to this sum we could add the actual amount 
paid out b}' individual comrades, I have no doubt the amount w^ould 
quadruple the sum above mentioned. 

Before concluding, I feel as though I ought to mention Comrade 
Webster, who so faithfully performed the duties of this office, for the 
first three quarters of the year. He was one qualified by business 
experience, bj^ taste, and by ambition, to fill this office, and he did 
his duty so faithfully as to merit the thanks of this Encampment. I 
also desire to return my thanks to you, Commander, for your 
uniform kindness and courtesy. 

Respectfully submitted, 
E. C. CUIvVER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

Acting Assistant Quartermaster's Report. 

Miles City, Montana, March 21st, 1888. 
To Ela C. Waters, 

Department Commander. 

Cotnradc: 

I have the honor to submit the following financial report of this 

office, since February 22d, 1887: 



-52- 

RECEIPTS. 

From Past A. A. Q. M. G. , L. E. Holmes, - $270 00 

From per capita tax, 525 50 

From sale of supplies, 184 08 



f> 17 


27 


18 


00 


96 


20 


85 


05 


116 


33 


258 89 



Total receipts, $979 5^ 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

Per Capita Tax 

Desk and Blank Books . . - - 

Expenses Inspector General - - - - 

Supplies 

Salary- A. A. G. and Expenses 

All Other Disbursements . . . . 

Total disbursements - . - - 5)^591 74 

Balance Cash on Hand 387 84 

The number of supplies remaining on hand amount to $81 28, as 
charged for at the Quartermaster General's office. 

As my appointment was made to this ofl&ce, on the resignation of 
Comrade R. C. Webster, October 22d, 1887, we ought to thank him 
for the work he did in this office, the first three-quarters of the year ; 
his accounts will bear the closest scrutiny and receive the highest 
praise. 

As I leave my official position to once more join the ranks of this 
Grand Army, I desire to thank you. Commander, for your many 
courtesies. Respectfully submitted, 

E. C. CULVER, 

Acting Ass/. Q. M. Generrl. 

Inspector General's Report. 

Office of Inspector General, 
Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
Fort Keogh, Mont. Ter., Mch. 21, 1888. 

To the Asst. Adft General, Dept. of Montana, G. A. R: — 

Comrade: I have to submit the following report of duties per- 
formed by me, during the past year: 

The Encampment which met in Butte City, Februarj^ 1887, hav- 
ing appropriated $100 for the expenses of the ensuing year, I visited 
during the months of July and August, 1887, all the Posts in the 
Territorj', accessible by railroad, or which could be reached from it, 
without overrunning the appropriation. 



-53- 

They were as follows : 

Thomas L. Kane Post, No. 12, Glendive. 

John Buford Post No. i , Fort Custer. 

Farragut Post No. 7, lyivingston. 

John A. lyOgan Post No. 15, Billings. 

William English Post No. 10, Bozeman. 

Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena. 

George H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge, 

Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte City. 

Steadman Post No. 8, Dillon. 

Winthrop Post No. 1 1 , Missoula. 

Ten in all. Owing to the distance many Comrades reside from 
the place of meeting, and the difficulty which exists in most towns 
of using the same hall for several societies, it. was found very diffi- 
cult to get together a quorum, if the visit of the Inspector was made 
on any other than the regular time for the Post meeting. And in 
some instances, the only inspection that could be made, was of books, 
papers and money accounts. 

It was found that while all the funds had been properly accounted 
for, and in most instances books were neatly and properly kept, there 
were some Posts in which not much attention had been paid to fonns, 
the Comrades seeming to be of the opinion that so long as the Post 
was satisfied with the expenditures, that was all that was required. 

In addition to the questions on the printed form "H," others tend- 
ing to elicit information on the following points were asked : 

Soldiers, inmates of alms houses. 

Of these, only two were found, and one man cared for in post hos- 
pital at Fort Custer. 

Transportation was obtained for those in Custer County Alms 
House to the Soldiers' Home at Milwaukee, Wis. , and one sent, but 
the other committed suicide, insane, the day before his transporta- 
tion was received. Another, discharged from the regular service at 
Fort Keogh, worn out with long and hard service, was also provided 
with a place at the same Home. 

SOLDIER'S WIDOWS OR ORPHANS DEPENDENT UPON CHARITY. 

None were reported as wholy dependent, though several have 
received aid during the past year. Careful inquiry' disclosed the fact 
that in what might perhaps be considered the modestj' of charity, 
comrades in many instances gave it privatel3% making no record of 
the fact, which, while it niaj' get equal or more credit in the heart of 
the relieved, does not make possible statement of the amount con- 
tributed by the order for charitable purposes. 



-54- 

SOLDIER'S GRAVES UNMARKED BY GRAVE STONES. 

A number were so reported, and Comrades making the report 
were instructed how to proceed in order to procure them from the 
Quartermaster General of the Army, at Washington. 

DEATHS DURING THE PAST YEAR. 

Eight deaths are reported, but as the returns are in some cases de- 
fective, all may not have been accounted for. The number known 
is certainly but small, for the number of Comrades in the Depart- 
ment. 

DELAYED PENSIONS. 

Inquiry under this head was made, not with the hope of aiding in- 
divual cases, so much as ascertaining if any action, looking to ha.st- 
ening or accellerating, in any way, the work of the Pension Bureau 
might be deemed necessarj^ at the next meeting of the Department 
or National Encampment. But one or two cases were cited, and the 
reason for delay was found to be for the want of required evidence. 
In this connection, it ma}' not be out of place to state that close at- 
tention to the column known as "The Question Squad," in the 
National Tribune, since January' ist, 1877, has enabled me to furnish 
information required by over twenty applicants, of those with whom 
they or their friends had served during the war. It is recommended 
that comrades who take the National Tribwie scrutinize the column 
referred to carefully, and if they can furnish the desired information, 
do so without delay. 

Some irregularities were found in the way of conducting meetings. 
In some cases the countersign was not demanded ; the Officer of the 
Day merely verifying by a glance around the room the membership 
of those present. In one instance a number of candidates were bal- 
loted for in a body, thus preventing comrades from refusing, or keep- 
ing out any one person, not desired by them as a member of the 
Post or Order. One Post Commander, obliged to leave the hall, 
turned over the command to the Adjutant, though the Senior Vice- 
Commander was present and acting. 

I found in some posts that no warrants were issued for payments 
or disbursements by the Quartermaster, he ha\dng only the verbal 
authority of the Post Commander for his action. While no reason 
was found for doubting the correctness of the accounts, it is deemed 
highly necessary-, in order to avoid what may be very unpleasant 
questions, to insist upon a strict compliance in this particular. 

I am unable, owing to delay in reports from some posts, to give 
exact membership of the Order in this Department. 

Not half of the Comrades of the Department are uniformed. 
While such a state of things is very- desirable, many of them are 



-55- 

in reduced circumstances, and the cost of a full uniform could not 
well be met, though a blouse and hat or cap would not cost much. 

Many of the Posts have no muskets. They can be bought from 
the Government at $i 25 each, and belt, cartridge box and cap pouch 
at 50 cents each, by sending draft or postal money order for not less 
than ten (10), with $1 for box to pack them in, to the Chief of Ordi- 
nance, U. S. Army, Washington, D. C, with directions for ship- 
ment. 

Believing that careful and systematic inspections would be of 
value, it is earnestly recommended, that, if the funds of the depart- 
ment will permit, at least 50 per cent, be added to the amount ap- 
propriated last year, and that if possible, each Post be inspected by 
the Department inspector, or by a Comrade detailed for the purpose, 
from some other Post, his actual expenses to be paid from the funds 
thus appropriated. This course would tend to produce uniformity, 
would prevent any glossing over of faults, or lack of interest, and 
would tend to build up, in a great measure, the feeling of comrade- 
ship. 

An attempt was made during the past Autumn, to provide a course 
of lectures, by General B. M. Prentiss, of Missouri, on the battle of 
Shilo, but not enough engagements could be made to pay him to 
come to the Territory. 

There are man)' ways, as yet untried in this Department, by which 
the Grand Army can make itself a social power throughout the Ter- 
ritory and add to its usefulness, as well as to the interest of its mem- 
bers. It can collect and preserve what is now^ largely unwritten 
history of the great struggle in which its members took part. This 
history will interest as well as instruct the young, those on whom 
the country must depend when we are ' ' mustered out. ' ' In many 
cases it can conduct a course of lectures, not on war subjects only, 
but on those of a more general nature, and add to its relief fund, 
while it helps mould public opinion and foster intelligence among 
the people, and imbue the young with principles of loyalty to a whole 
country, and teach them the value of the privileges which we now 
enjoy. 

Comrades who can, should be encouraged to put in writing, to be 
read before their Posts, and then filed among its records, some of 
their experiences during their service, or to give verbally at Post 
meetings reminiscences of it. That would not only interest at the 
time, but, by comparison with others, be of value in correcting or 
verifying the statements of history. 

All who are eligible should be encouraged to join the Order. By 
uniting with the organization they would not only be themselves 



-56- 

benefitted, but benefit others, and add to the bulwark, which, ap- 
pearances indicate, will be much needed against socialistic and an- 
archial influences. 

In this connection, it may not be amiss to call attention to our 
successors, " The Sons of Veterans, " of which four Camps or local 
organizations now exist in this Territory'. I have had the good for- 
tune to be present at the organization of two of them, and have been 
very favorably impressed with the earnestness displayed by those 
interested, and by the loyal, patriotic sentiments expressed in their 
ritual and ceremonies. 

The time is not far distant when the Grand Army of the Republic 
must cease to exist. Its principles must still live, and there can be 
no more certain mode of their perpetuation than by inheritance ; and 
a body of young men, easily made a quarter of a million strong, 
taught to revere liberty as distinguished from license, and to love 
their country-, honor its constitution and obey its laws, will consti- 
tute a force before which treason and anarchy will be powerless. 

HENRY ROMEYN, 

Inspector General. 

Report of Delegate to National Encampment. 

Butte City, Montana. March 17th, 1888. 
Assistant Adjutant General, 

Department of Montana, G. A. R., 
Comrade: 

At the last annual session, I was elected one of the delegates to 
represent this Department in the Twenty-first Annual Session of the 
National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, to be 
held in St. Louis, Missouri, the following September; and I would 
respectfully report to the Commander-in-Chief and comrades, that 
our reception by the citizens of St. Louis was of the most hospitable 
character. Nothing seemed to remain undone to make our stay ver\' 
pleasant, notwithstanding it rained every day during our meeting. 
This was the more gratifying, as it was the first National Encamp- 
ment held upon the late slave territory. 

I would respectfully recommend to the Encampment the importance 
of having the National flag and banners suitably inscribed, procured 
by the Department, for the use of Department Headquarters, at the 
National Encampment. This should be attended to, as the great 
Territory of Montana cannot afford to be clear behind other Depart- 
ments. 

I would respectfully recommend that the Encampment adopt a 
suitable badge, to be worn by all comrades attending our National 



-57- 

Encampment, and order a sufficient quantity to supply all those who 
may attend. 

In the absence of all Department officers, I opened Headquarters 
at the Southern Hotel, on the same floor with National Head- 
quarters. I was ably assisted by my co-delegate, Comrade G. W. 
Shaw, and Comrade W. F. Sanders, of the National Council of 
Administration. 

We did what we could to make our Headquarters a rallying point 
for all Montana comrades and citizens, many of whom honored us 
with their presence, to say nothing of hundreds of comrades and 
ladies from other States and Territories. 

In F., C. and I,., 

P. R. DOLMAN. 

Motion made and seconded, that each comrade should be allowed 
but one vote upon any question before Encampment. Carried. 

Verbal report of Chief Mustering Officer. 

Motion made and seconded, that the sum of $50 be allowed from 
Department funds, for the purpose of establishing and maintaining 
Department Headquarters at the next National Encampment, and 
that the representatives to said Encampment present an itemized bill 
of the same. Carried. 

Reading of Minutes of Third Department Encampment. 

The Assistant Adjutant General was instructed to read such 
portion of the minutes, as in his judgment he deemed of interest to 
the Encampment. 

Resolution presented by Comrade J. G. Sanders, at Third Depart- 
ment Encampment, in relation to representatives to Department 
Encampments, recorded in Minutes Book, page 64. second line, 
changed to read, "entitled to two Representatives." 

Verbal report of Council of Administration. 

Motion made and seconded, that the incoming Department Com- 
mander appoint a committee of three, to prepare and have printed, 
the proceedings of the four Department Encampments that have 
been held in this Department; said minutes to include roster of all 
Posts in the Department, and that a sum not to exceed $175 be 
appropriated for the purpose. Carried. 

On motion, duly seconded, the Encampment took a recess until 3 
o'clock, p. m. 

Afternoon Session. 

Encampment called to order at 3 p. m. 
All members responded at roll-call. 



-58- 

Nomination of Officers. 

Department Commander appointed as tellers, Mills, Hoopes, Jr. 
and G. R. Davis. 

DEPARTMENT COMMANDER. 

Comrade J. G. Sanders, of Wadsworth Post, No. 3, Helena, was 
placed in nomination. There being no other nominations, on 
motion, duly seconded, the Assistant Adjutant General was 
instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade J. G. 
Sanders for Department Commander, which being done, Comrade 
Sanders was declared duly elected. 

SENIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

Comrade Henry Romeyn, of U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, Miles City, 
being the only comrade placed in nomination, the Assistant 
Adjutant General was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment 
for Comrade Romeyn for Senior Vice Commander, which being 
done, Comrade Henry Romeyn was declared duly elected. 

JUNIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

Comrade V. A. Cook, of J. B. McPherson Post, No. 13, Boulder, 
being the only comrade nominated, the Assistant Adjutant General 
was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade V. 
A. Cook for Junior Vice Commander, which being done Comrade 
Cook was declared duly elected. 

MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Comrade E. A. Koerper, of U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, Miles City, 
being the only comrade nominated the Assistant Adjutant General 
was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade 
Koerper, for Medical Director, which being done, Comrade E. A. 
Koerper was declared duly elected. 

CHAPLAIN. 

Comrade S. A. Wallace, of John A. Logan Post, No. 15, Billings, 
being the only comrade nominated, the Assistant Adjutant General 
was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade 
Wallace for Chaplain, which being done. Comrade S. A. Wallace 
was declared duly elected. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

The following named candidates were placed in nomination: 

Comrade M. C. Wilkinson. Comrade W. F. Sanders. 
Chas. Shoemaker. " Jas. H. Mills. 

J. L. Sloan. " A. S. Kellogg. ' 

J. D.Jenks. " E- E. Holmes. 

E. S. Wilson. 



-59- 

The balloting resulted in the election of Comrades M. C. Wilkin- 
son, L. S. Wilson, Chas. Shoemaker, J. L. Sloan, A. S. Kellogg as 
Council of Administration. 

REPRESENTATIVES TO NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

The following named Comrades were placed in nomination : 
Comrade James H. Mills, Comrade R. E. Fisk, 

J. E. Callaway, " M. P. Wyman. 

Motion made and seconded that the two comrades receiving the 
greatest number of votes be declared the Delegates, and the two re- 
ceiving the least votes be the Alternates. Carried. 

The ballot resulted in electing as Delegates to the National En- 
campment: 

Comrades Jas. H. Mills and Moses P. Wyman ; Alternates — R. E. 
Fisk and J. E. Callaway. 

Moved by Comrade Holmes, and duly seconded, that the salary 
of the Assistant Adjutant General, for the ensuing year, be made 
$150, and that the sum of $50 be added to the salary of the A. A. 
G. for the past year, to be divided pro rata, between the two Com- 
rades who have filled that position for the past year. Carried. 

By ballot, Helena was chosen as the place for holding the Fifth 
Annual Encampment. 

On motion duly made and seconded, the Council of Administra- 
tion was instructed to call the next Annual Encampment some time 
between April ist and April 30th, 1889. 

Comrade Romeyn, in behalf of the U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, in- 
vited all Comrades to attend a banquet to be held on evening of Mch 
22d, 1888, at the Maqueen Hotel. 

Encampment adjourned until 10 o'clock a. m., March 22d, 1888. 

March 22d, 1888. 

Encampment called to order at 10 A. m. 

All members present at roll-call. 

On motion, duly seconded, it was ordered that the appropriation 
for the expenses of the Inspector General for the coming year, be an 
amount not to exceed $150. Carried. 

INSTALLATION OF DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

Chief Mustering Officer, Ross Deegan, proceeded to install Depart- 
ment officers, as follows: 

Department Commander, - - - J. G. Sanders. 

Senior Vice Commander, - - - Henry Romeyn. 

Junior Vice Commander, - - - - V. A. Cook. 

Medical Director, - - - - - E. A. Koerper. 

Chaplain, Rev. S. A. Wallace. 



-60- 

After installation, the newly installed Department Commander, 
named his staff as follows: 

Assistant Adjutant General, - - - John Moffitt. 
Assistant Quartermaster General, - - A. O. Simons. 

Inspector General, G. W. Grant. 

Judge Advocate General, - - - J. E. Callaway. 
Chief Mustering Ofl5cer, - - - - J. D. Jenks. 
Assistant Mustering Officer, - - - - J. D. Moore. 

The newly appointed Assistant Adjutant General, the Judge 
Advocate General, and the Chief Mustering Officer were not present. 
The Assistant Quartermaster General, the Inspector General and 
the Assistant Mustering Officer were then duly installed. 

Comrade Holmes suggested, endorsed by W. F. Sanders, that the 
A.ssistant Adjutant General ask the Adjutant General for information 
in regard to the installation of Department officers. If there is a 
prescribed ser\nce for the same ? 

Department Commander Sanders appointed as committee to 
publish minutes of Annual Encampments, Comrades T. P. Fuller, 
A. J. Fisk and W. F. Sanders. One-half the number printed to be 
distributed pro rata, to different Posts in Department. 

The Medical Director having arrived he was duly installed. 

A lively debate took place in non-payment of dues, and how best 
to rectify the same, and avoid suspension, but no conclusion was 
arrived at. 

The following resolutions were offered by Comrade V. A. Cook 
and adopted by a unanimous vote: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the members of the Fourth Annual 
Encampment of the Department of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, are due to U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, and Captain Ro'meyn, 
its Commander, to the citizens of Miles Cit}', to the proprietors of 
the hall in which our meetings have been held, and the Societies 
meeting therein, and to the band of the 5th Infantry-, for the 
abounding hospitality and unfailing courtesy with which we have 
been entertained during the session of this Encampment. 

Resolved, That this Encampment holds in high appreciation and 
grateful memory', the services of Past Commander Ela C. Waters, 
and his efficient staff rendered to this Department during the year 
now closed. 

There being no further business to come before the Encampment, 
Commander Sanders closed the Fourth Annual Encampment in 
due form. 



ROSTER. 



JOHN BUFORD POST NO. 1. 

Fort Custer. 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

Christian Hanson, Commander. 

Lorenzo W. Cook, S. V. Commander. 

John Fleming, J. V. Commander. 

Erastus M. Walker, Adjutant. 

Charles M. Schwarzmaier, Quartermaster. 

Melville C. Wilkinson, Surgeon. 

Hugh Weir, Chaplain. 

William Henry, Officer of the Day. 

Patrick McGuire, Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

Quartermaster Sergeant. 



PAST POST COMMANDERS. 



J. H. Macomber. 
Curtis E. Price. 



Joseph Rheinhart. 
F. D. Upham. 



NAME. 



Abbott, Charles 

Alexander, James 

Baker, Joseph 

Banning, James 

Barnelt. Philip 

Berth, Hugo B 

Mirch, James 

Bishop, Richard 

Blakeourne, A. W 

Booth, Wm. L 

Borden, Geo. P 

Boutelle, Frazier A... 

Bowers, G. L , 

Braun, Andrew 

Brlgham, Lucieu V... 

Brummer, Chas 

Burke, Levi , 

Byrne, Dennis 

Cahill, John 

Chamberlain, James, 

Connor, Andrew 

Conner, Thos. W 

Conners, John.... 

Cook. George 

Cook, L. W 

Crum, Richard 

Cunningham, Thos.. 

Cummlngs, John 

Dal ton, Thos 



CO. 



G 
D 
A 
L 
D 
D 
3 
I 
D 
G 
C 
A 
M 
I 
C 
B 
D 
G 
D 
D 
A 
I 
E 
E 
H 
C 
F 



SERVICE. 



2dU. S. Cavalry 

10th N. Y. Cavalry 

91st Penn. Infantry 

4th U. 8. Cavalry 

1st Nev. Cavalry 

176th N. Y. Infantry.... 
New Jersey L. Battery 

5th N. Y. Vet. Vol 

24th Ind. Infantry 

Ist N. J. Cavalry 

121st N. Y. Infantry... 

5th N. Y. Cavalry 

IstM'd Cavalry 

4;id N. Y. Infantry 

4th Mich. Infantry 

lG2d N. Y. Infantry 

12th U 8. Infantry 

5th U. S. Infantry 

U. S. Eng. Corps 

Xid 111. Infantry 

16th U.S. Infantry 

Ist Minn. Infantry 

13th U. 8. Infantry 

48th N. Y. Infantry 

27th Wis. Infantry 

2dN. Y. Cavalry 

5th N. Y. H. Artilliary 

U. 8. S. Fairy 

3d U.S. Infantry 



ADDRESS. 



Pennsylvania. 



Ft. Custer, Mont 

St. Paul, Minn 

Sdrs' Home, Wa.b.C. 
Walla Walla. W. T.. 

Ft. Keogh, Mont 

Ft. Custer, Mont 



Walla Walla, W. T... 

Seattle, W.T 

Ft. Custer, Mont... 
Ft. Leavenworth, Ka 
Walla Walla, W. T... 

Ft. Custer, Mont 



Ft. Sherman, I. T... 
Ft. Custer, Mont... 
Walla Walla, W. T. 
Ship Island, Miss.... 



REMARK. 



Died May 3, '87 



-62- 



Davis, James N , 

Dugal, James 

Farrell, Robert H 

Flnnegan, Patrick 

Fishel, Samuel K 

Fisher, Ed. G 

Fisher, Greorge 

Fisher, William 

Fitzgerald, Patrick 

Fleming, John 

Frederic, Henry 

Freeman, Henry 

Garretty, Frank D 

Glessner, Philip 

Grannecks tad ten, John. 

Hallaghan, John 

Hanson, Christian 

Hard, Henry C 

Harris, Moses 

Helms, Benjamin 

Hennecke, Heinricn 

Henry, William 

Irwin, William 

Jackson, James 

Jackson, Thomas 

Jones, John W 

Kennedy. Thomas 

Koenig, Godfrey 

Lane, Daniel F 

Laut, Frederick 

Leahey, Nicholas 

Leibe, Adolph 

Lellbach, Christian 

Lemaire, John 

Lindsay, Albert 

Lutz, Frederick 

Macomber, J. H 

Maginness, J. W 

Mawson, L. G 

Merriman, G. W. W 

Mersch, Andre^v 

McCanna, Patrick 

McCormick, John 

McFall, David H 

McFarland. G. W 

Miller, Louis D 

McGulre, Patrick 

Mclntyre, Christophe .. 

Mills, John W 

Minon, Gerhard 

Moose, John G 

Morajn, John 

Morse, Elmer H 

Mulligan, Wm. J 

Olsen, Christopher 

Osterday, Gottlieb 

Pennington, James 

Powers, James 

Powers, Thomas 

Price, Curtis E 

Pryor, George 

Quinn, Jeremiah 

Reily, James 

Reynolds, Charles 

Reynolds, Wm. H 

Rheinhart, Joseph 

Rice, David L 

Rouse, James 

Rowe, James P 

Riiper, Cornelius D 

Rush, Peter 

Ryan, James 

Schwarzmaier, Chas. M 

Segar, Samuel 

Shannon, Martin 

Shattuck, Wm 

Shulte, JohnG 

Smith, Jason 

Snyder, James A 

Stram, John 

Sullivai., J. H. B 

Sullivan, John 

Sweeney, Geo. W 



B 
D 

C 
H 

E 

K 

K 

E 
G 
E 
F 
G 
D 
F 
G 
E 
K 

C 
C 
H 
F 
K 
I 
H 

D 
E 
K 
B 
B 
H 
C 
H 
M 
G 
C 
K 
H 
G 
A 

G 
A 
K 
M 

M 
D 
I 

F 
E 
F 
K 
H 

A 
K 
D 
F 
M 
B 
A 
O 
D 
F 

I 

M 
C 
O 
B 
A 
A 



M 

6 



30th 111. Infantry 

1st U.S. Cavalry 

U. S. S. Brown 

2d U. S. Cavalry 

12th Iowa Infantry... 

U. S. S. Passiac 

MV. S. Artilliary 

U. S. S. Aphozdite ... 

12th III. Infantry 

88th Penn. Infantry.. 

U.S. S. Louisville 

:idU. S. Artilliary 

loth Kv Infantry 

3dN. Y. Cavalry 

31st N. Y. Infantry 

162dN. Y. Infantry 

14th N. Y. Cavalry 

7th Ind Infantry 

IstU. S. Cavalry 

4th Ohio Cavalry 

41st N. Y. Infantry 

U. S. S. Suwanee 

2ndU. S. Cavalry 

12th U.S. Infantry 

11th Conn. Infantry 

Is* Tenn. Reserve 

1st M'd Cavalry 

1st N. Y. Cavalry 

2d D. C. Infantry 

ITSthN. Y. Infantry... 

9th Maine Infantry 

3d N. Y. Infantry 

12th N. Y. Cavalry 

176th N. Y. Infantry 

17th 111. Cavalry 

15th N. Y. Cavalry 

1st Vt. H. Artilliary 

164th N. Y. Infantry... 
6th N. Y. H. Artilliary 

IstU. S. Cavalry 

23d Wis. Infa. try 

183d Penn. Infantry 

10th U. S. Infantry 

7th Iowa Infantry 

124tb Penn. Infantry... 

U. 8. S. Brooklyn 

l8t Va. Infantry 

65th 111. Infantry 

Ist Kas. Infantry 

2d Mo. L. Artilliary 

1st Ala. Cavnlry 

3d Cal. Infantry 

6th Cal. Infantry 

U. S S. N. Carolina 

5th U. S. Cavalry 

Ist N. J. Infantry 

78th Penn. Infantry ... 
5th U. S. Infantry .. 
149th N. Y. Infantry.... 

12th Tenn. Cavalry 

Ist N. O Infantry 

5th U. S. Cavalry 

5th U S. Cavalry 

14th U. S. Infantry 

Ist U. S. Artilliary 

13th U.S. Infantry 

2l8t N. J. Infantry 

nth 111. Infantry 

33d Mass. Infantry 

Ist Penn. Artilliary 

192d Penn. Artilliary... 

1st U. S. Cavalry 

3d Mich. Cavalry 

23d Penn. Infantry 

5th U. S. Cavalry 

27th N. Y. Infantry 

5th U. S. Artl'liary 

9th Vt. Infantry 

3dU. S. Infantry 

29th Mich. Infantry 

1st L. I. Infantry 

3d U. S. Artilliary 

2dD. C. Infantry.... 



Camp Sheridan, Wy, 



Ft. Custer, Mont... 
Ft. Leavenworth, Ka 
Walla Walla, W. T 



Died Dec. 9, '85 



Ft. Custer, Mont 

Bar Bluffs, Mont , 

Ft. Custer, Mont 

St. Paul, Minn 

Walla Walla, W. T... 
Walla Walla, W. T... 

Ft. Bayard, N, M 

Ft. Custer, Mont 



Camp Sheridan, Wy 
Ft. Custer, Mont 



Ft. Custer, Mont.. 



New York City 

Sdrs' Home,Wa.D.C. 
Walla Walla. W.T... 
Walla Walla, W.T... 

San Diego, Tal 

St. Paul, Minn 



Ft. Sherman, I. T 

Ft. Sherman, I. T 

New York City 



FtKeogh, Mont 

Sdrs' Home, Wa.D.C. 
Ft. Ouster, Mont 

Spokane, W. T 

Ft. Custer, Mont 

Ft. Custer, Mont 



Ft. Custer, Mont 

Walla Walla. W.T... 
Pass Creek, Wyo 



Ft. DuChesne. Utah. 
Missoula, Mont 



Walla Walla. W. T. 
Helena, Mont 



Billings, Mont. 



Walla Walla, W. T.. 

Buffalo, Wyo 

Ft. Custer, Mout 

San Francisco, Cal., 



Iowa.. 



Ft Custer, Mont... 
Washington, D. C. 

Ft. Clark, Texas ... 



Died. 



Died June 9, '84 



-63- 



Tooker. G. L 

Trotter, Peter 

Troxel, Thomas G 

Upliain, F. K 

Van Scoy, Wm 

Von Plalton, Hans 
Wagner, AuRUstuo 

Walker, E. M 

Wallace, Tiios 

Ward, James 

Weir. Hug:h 

We-sendorlt, Max.. 
Wlielan, Jame-i (1), 
Wlielan, James (2) 

Wilkins, Henry 

Wilkinson, W. C... 
Zwiwler, Josepli 



G 
H 
E 
B 
F 
C 
G 
B 
H 

C 
C 

C 

A 
F 
D 



10th N. Y. Infantry 
183d Ohio Infantry.. 
25tli Iowa Infantry.. 

7th Cal. Infantry 

3d Oliio Cavalry 

r5th N. Y. Infantry 
58th Ohio Infantry.. 
111th 111. Infantry.... 
9th N. Y. Infantry... 

U. S. S. Queen 

183d Penn. Infantry 
Ist W. T. Infantrv .. 

U. S S.Seneca 

9th U. 8. Infantry... 

IstD. C. Cavalry 

aidN. Y. Infantrv... 
3d Ohio Artllllary... 



Ft.D.A.Russell, Wyo 

Ft. Cu8t«r, Mont 

Ft. Custer, Mont 

Ft.D A. Russell, Wyo 

Ft. Custer, Mont 

Walla Walla, W.T... 
Walla Walla, W. T... 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Ft. Cu-ter, Mont 

Sdrs' Honie,Wa,D.C. 
Ft. Custer, Mont 

Ft. Custer, Mont 



LINCOLN POST NO. 2. 

Butte City. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

J. D. Jenks, Post Commander. 

ly. E. Holmes, Senior Vice Commander. 

John Patterson, Junior Vice Commander. 

J. H. Jackson, Adjutant. 

Samuel G. Smith, Quartennaster. 

John Railey, Chaplain. 

Frank M. Barrett Officer of the Day. 

Patrick Fox, Officer of the Guard. 

G. Hennebery, Sergeant Major. 

J. B. Scott, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 

Chas. S. Warren. C. S. Shoemaker. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


ADDRESS. 


Arnold, Edwin M 


Private 

First Serg't. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Corpora) 

Private 

Colonel 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


C 
E 
G 
F 
D 
D 

D 
C 
H 
D 

C 

I 
A 

G 
E 
E 
E 
E 
K 

A 
A 


2d Minn. Cavalry... 


Los Angeles, Cal 

Hutte 


Bectel , John 


26th Ohio Infantrv 

ISfith III 


Baker, Wm. H 


Butte 


Benson, Benne't 


6th Minn 


Kutte 


Bebee, Bvron N 


12th Kan 


Butt*- 


Bowdlsh, John D 


4th N. Y. H. Artiliiarv 
9th Ohio Bat 


Philipi-burg 


Barrett, Frank 


Helena 


Braiishaw, Cornelius 


Ist Nev 


Butte 


Bowen, Wm 


Salmon Citv, Idaho 


Boyle, Thos 


48th Penn 

5th Mmn. Infantry 

18th Wis 


Butte 


Bateman, Frank 


Butte 


Cooper, C. A 


New York 


Corkwell, Jas 


1st Ind. Cavalry 


Butte 


Conistock, S. C 


203d Pa. Infantry 




Cunimings, John 




Carr, Robert 


Butte 


Cameron. D (Died Ap 7,'87) 
Dolman, P. R 


9th Minn. Infantry 

76th Mo. Infantry 

3hthN. Y 

28th Mass 


Butte 


Dorvell, Jas. E 


Philipsburgr.. 


Devlin, John 


Dervis, Simon 


2d Cil. Cavalry 

21st Ind. Infantry 

73d Pa. Infantry 


Butte 


Dwyer Jas 




Derringer, A (Died J'ne '86) 


Butte 


Demick, N. (Died June,'8K) 
Donahey, Al. P 


121st N. Y. Infantry 

IWd 111. Infantry 


Butte 


Douglass, John 




Engel Gilbert 


6l8tN. Y 


Butte 



-64- 



Forbes, Alonzo M 

Fox Pat 

Frost, C. C 

Griffith, Jeremiah 

Gallahsn, Henry 

Glover, John B 

Holmes, Levi E 

Hou-eworth, Simeon. 

Hutchison, Hv. M 

Hoge, G. B 

Horder, Ira J 

Ham, C'has , 



Private 

Sergeant 

First Lieut. 

Private 

Private. .^... 

Corporal 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Private 



Private .. 

Private . . 

Heart, Chasjdied Feb. '87) Corporal 

Private. . 
Private. . 
Private. . 
Private. . 



Husselton, Wm. 

Hols.. Johns 

Hennebery, Garrett.. 
Huston, Robt. G. 



Henderson, Thos. J jPrivate 

Private . 
Private . 



Howe, Wm H 
Hirsch, Ferdinand 
Hessenger, J (died Nov '87) 

Jackaon, Jacob H 

Jones, Wesley W 

Jenks, J. D , 

Knight, Sylvester R. 

Kessler, H. C 

Kriter, Phil 

Kallbacher, Cbas 

Lockley, Fred 

Lamborn, J. W 

Lehman, Albert f* 

Lonsr, Thos 

Mailey, Edward 

McBrown, Wm 

Moore, N. H 

Madden, John 

Myers, John 

Mahoney, Pat 

McKenz v., John P... 

McGurren, John 

McGloin, Edward 

Murrele, Chaa. W 

McDonald, Pat 

Neal, J. E 

Ott, Geo. K 

Powell, Jim 

Powers, P. T 

Preston, Neth 

Penn, J 

Page, E. F 

Paterson, John 

Raerty, Thos 

Kailey, John 

Rodgers, Stephen H 
Rickers, Gilbert B... 

RichardPon, Thos 

Rutler, Thos. H 



Sergeant.. 



Brev. Col. 



let L'eut.. 
Private... 
1st Sergeant 
1st Lieut.. 
Private. .. 
Private. .. 
Sergeant.. 
Sergeant.. 



Serg. Major 



Corporal. 
Private . . . 
Private... 
Private... 
Private... 
Private . . . 
Sergeant.. 
Private. .. 
Private. .. 
Private- 
Private. .. 
lat Lieut.. 
Private... 
Private... 
Private... 
Private... 
Corporal.. 
Private ... 
Farrier. .. 



Stephens, Wm(died Dec'8.5) Private . 

2d Lieut.. 
Corporal., 
1st Lieut 



H. 



lat Lieut. 
Private . . 



Sperling, Jas, 

Soudan, Wm 

Surdan, Jas. H 

Scott, David 

Smith, Samuel G 

Schultz, Stephen.....". 

Shuster. Thos 

Stackpole, Henry H 

ShHmbow, Levi 

Shaw, Y. H 

Sinsell, Wm. F 

Shoemaker, Chas. S. 

Scott, John B 

Thornt n, Oren 

Terrill, Geo IPrivate, 

Thompson. Lewis J jPrivate .. 

Vincent, Fister R [Corporal 

Warren, Chas. S Ist Serg.. 

Wyman, Luther F Captain.. 

Waters, Jas Private. . 

Williams, Wm. W |Private.. 

Wallace, Robt. B ;Sergeant 

Wells, E. S [Sergeant 

York, Joseph Private .. 

Yeldell, Robt. C. (died '86)1 
Zillman, Christopher Private .. 



Private... 
Private... 
Saddler... 
Corporal.. 
Corporal, 
lat Serg... 



D 
M 

B 
F 
B 
C 
C 
C 
D 

A 
H 
I 
C 
F 
H 
I 
A 
D 
C 



G 
C 
A 
I 
A 

B 
H 



I 

K 
G 
E 
E 
H 
A 
A 
G 

G 
A 

B 
D 
B 
C 
H 
K 
M 
H 
C 
C 

F 
A 
B 

K 
A 
A 
C 

F 
E 

C 
D 
A 
C 
A 
E 
A 

K 

E 



16th Ind 

5th U. S. Cavalry 

11th Maine Infantry. 

48th Pa. Infantry 

1st Cal. Infantry 

194th Pa, Infantry 

%thU. S. Infantry... 

:J5th Wis 

17th 111. Cavalry 



1st Nev. Cavalry 

4th Mo. Infantry 

7th Minn. Infantry.. 
12th Mass. Infantry. 
93d Pa. Infantry...... 

6((th 111. Infantry 

166th Ohio 

I3th Mo. Cavalry 

Ist Minn 

6th Md. Bat 



23d 111. Infantry... 
U. S. Volunteers 



lOlth Pa. Infantry.. 

3d Ohio Cavalry 

58th N.Y 

IstN. Y. Artilliary. 
87th Ind. Infantry... 



90th 111. Infantry.. 
1st Kan. Fnfantry. 



16th Me 

32d 111. Infantry.. 



rSth Ohio Infantry... 
169th Pa. Infantry.... 

3d N. Y. Cavalrv 

»th Me 

2d Col. Cavalry 

2dU. S. Volunteers.. 

i:i8thlll 

4th Virginia 

lOlst N. Y. Infantry.. 

3d Wis. Infantry 

1st Iowa (Cavalry 

1st S. E. P. C 

4th Pa. Cavalry 

2d Maes 

77th 111 

64th N.Y 

2d Col. Cavalry 

54th Ohio 

IstN. Y. Cavalry 

52d 111. Infantry 

5.SdN. Y 

31st Wis 

,5:WN. Y 

6th Cal. Infantry 

124th Pa. Infantry... 
4th Mo. Infantry 



th Kan. Cavalry 

52d 111 

12th M'd Cavalry 

178th N. Y. Infantry.. 
15th N. Y. Artilliarv . 

28th Pa 

Navy 

3d Cal. Infantry 

20th 111 

57th Pa Infantry 

147th 111. Infantry 

d D. S. Volunteer"... 

1st R. I. Bat 

2d Mo. Bat 



23d 111. Infantry. 
15th Minn 



1 Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Gunderson 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte /. 

Butte 



Butte 

Kutte 

Walkerville 

Butte , 

Butte 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Germany 



Bntte 

Butte 

Butte 

Spokane Falls. 

Butte 

Philipsburg 



Butte 

Colorado. 
Butte: 



Butte. 
Butte. 



St. Louis. 



I Ist Wis. Cavalry . 



Butte 

Butte 

Philipsburg 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Anaconda 

San Francisco. 
South Butte.... 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

California 

Union ville 



Butte. 



Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Butte 

Walkerville. 

Butte 

Meaderville.. 



Butte. 
Butt€. 
Butte. 
Butte.. 
Butte. 
Butte.. 
Butte. 

Butte. 



-65- 
WADSWORTH POST NO. 3. 

Helena. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

Geo. W. Shaw, Post Commander. 

Robt. E. Fisk, Senior Vice Commander. 

John C. Major, Junior Vice Commander. 

A. O. Simons, Adjutant. 

H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, Quartermaster. 

W. S. Norcross, Surgeon. 

Benj. C. Malben Chaplain. 

C. B. Newberr3% Officer of the Day. 

Isaac Smith, Officer of the Guard. 

A. F. McKay, Sergeant Major. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 

Thos. p. Fuller. Robt. C. Wallace. 

Junius G. Sanders. Richard A. Craig. 



NAME. 



Albrecht, Chas 

Armor, W.(die<i Jan. ir,'84) 

Atch3son,C. E 

Bascb, Theo 

Bassett, Casslus M 

Beary, Lorenzo D 

Benedict, L. A 

Blaisdell, Hiram 

Blattner. J. F 

Bowen, E. D 

Brown, Lyman C 

Buck, D. W 

Callaway, James E 

Carsley, Geo. A 

Conable, H. H 

Connor, Thomas 

Craig, R. A 

Cramer, J. O 

Crosby, James K 

CuBjmings, Thomas A... 
Curaby.P. (diedNov.13,'87) 

Deegan, Ross 

DeWitt, C. A.(died Jan. '87) 

Dial, Friend 

Donaldson, J. P 

Dunges, Chas 

Dunn, James 

Earnest, David 

Fisher, Andrew J 

Fisk, A. J 

Fisk,D. W 

Fisk, R. E 

Fisk, Van H 

Fleischnauer, C. W 

Freeburn, James 

Frey, J. S 

Fuller,J.S.(diedAug.l8,'85) 

Fuller, Thos.P 

Gage, Chas. F 



RANK. 




2d Lieut... 
1st Lieut... 
Private.... 
Private.... 
Private... 
Sergeant .. 
Corporal... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Captain.... 

Colonel 

Sergeant... 
Corporal... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Private.... 
Private. ... 
Private.... 

Private 

Captain.... 
Corporal... 
Private.... 
Corporal... 
Private.... 
Private.... 
Corporal... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Captain.... 
Captain.... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Ist Lieut... 
Private. ... 
Private. ... 
Captain.... 
CaptByt Ha, 



B 
A 
A 
G 
K 
I 

H 
A 
K 
B 
K 
E 

D 
C 
D 
H 

I 

I 
C 

A 
D 
E 
A 
B 
B 
F 
D 
A 
G 
G 
I 
G 
K 
B 
C 
A 



SERVICE. 



ADDRESS. 



Helena.. 



Helena . 



9th Mo. Cavalry... 
51st Mo. Infantry.. 

3d Vt. Infantry 

24th Mich. Infantry Helena 

43d Mo. Infantry Helena , 

3d N. Y. Artillery Townsend 

24th N. Y. Infantry Helena 

12th 111. Cavalry Helena 

14th 111. Cavalry Helena 

17th N.Y. Infantry Helena 

24th N. Y.lnfantry Helena 

8th 111. Cavalry Helena 

21st 111. Infantry "Virginia City, Mont 

7th Minn. Infantry Helena 

13th Wis. Infantry Helena 

1st Wis, Cavalry Unionville, Mont 

1st N. Y. Artillery Helena 

139th Pa. Infantry Jay Gould Mine, Mont. 

|27th Mass. Infantry Helena 

1st N. Y. L. Artillery... Ft. Benton, Mont 

Ordnance Corps j 

il62dN. Y. Infantry Helena 

jlTth Mo. Infantry 

4th O. V. Cavalry Helena 

i32d O, Infantry Helena 

list Col. Cavalry Helena 

2d Mass. Infantry IHelena 

16th 111. Infantry [Helena 

Ist Mich. Cavalry iHelena . 

2d Minn. Cavalry.... 
laad N. Y. Infantry. 
132dN. Y.lnfantry.. 
1st Minn. Cavalry.... 
Ist Wis. Artillery.... 



12th 111. Infantry 

55th Pa. Infantry IHelena 

IN. Y. H. Artillery | 

i93d N. Y. Infantry Helena 

IJlth N. J. V. Infantry..! Helena 



Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Townsend, Mont... 

Helena 

Marysville, Mont.. 



-S6- 



Gray, Thos C IPrivate 

Guenther, Fred IPrivate 

Hathaway, J. W Private 

Heilman, J. L jPrivate 

Hillman, J. K Captain 

Hoback, Kicbard Sergeant 

Heopuer, Chas Private 

Hollenbeck, H. C Bugler 

Holmes, Chas Sergeant 

Holmes, H. C Sergeant..... 

Hopkins, Francis iCaptain 

Hapleton, George Private 

Horn, Cliris Private 

Howard, C. L Private 

Huntley, Silas S 1st Lieut 

Jacobi, Franz I*rivate 

Jeffers, Andrew Private 

Jefferles, John T Quar. Mas.. 

Kellogg, E. L Private 

Kerchner, John IPrivate 

King, Fred L Private 

Kinsley, Joseph W Private 

Kleinschmidt, H. F. C Private 

Kleinschmidt, T. H Private 

Koennecke, Erail Saddler 

L.asalle, Adolph Bugler 

Lasalle, Godfrey Sergeant 

Lawrence, John C Private 

Luin, John Sergeant 

McKay, A. F Sergeant.... 

McKenzie, James Color S'g't. 

Mcl>aughlin, J. W Private 

Maginnis, Martin Major 

Major, J. C Colonel 

Malben, Ben. C 1st Sergeant 

Manix, Philip A 2d Lieut 

Martin, Fleming B Corporal 

Mills, R Private 

Moffitt, John 1st Lieut 

Morris, John ...Private 

Murphy, James Private 

Nappy, Adrain Sergeant 

Nevenhausen, W. W Private 

Newberry, A. T [Private 

Newberry, C. B jlstCiassBoy 

Nichols, C Private 

Norcros.s, Winfield S !2d Lieut 

Nulty, Christian IPrivate 

O'Conner, John Sergeant 

Olsen, Ingebreth Private 

Perine, P. J Private 

Piatt, G. H Private 

Potter, John Private 

Potts,B.F.(diedJune.l7,'>7) C; B. M.Gen 

Priest, Alden H .Private 

Pruitt, W. G Private 

Reed, Jas. C jPrivate 

Reese, Frederick jCorporal 

Riar, Chas Private 

Riggs, Gllman Sergeant 

Rinker, O. C JCorporal 

Kockafellow, W. T iPrivate 

Rogers, Andrew P Private 

Rohrbaugh, J. J ...iPrivate 

Roland, Matthew 'Private 

Roy, John T ^Private 

Rumsey, John A ]Corporal 

Sanders, Junius G ilst Sergeant 

SchifFhauer, Henry 'Private 

Schilling, J. (died June, '>6), Private 

Scott, Walter Sergeant 

Shaw, Geo. W Private 

Silliman, David G [Private. ..;... 

Silvey, Oliver P |Muslcian 

Sims, Wm Captain 

Simons, A O Private 

Sipfle, Christ Private 

Sleigh, Jas. W Captain 

Sloggy, Harrison ;Sergeant 

Smith, Isaac J Musician 

Smith, Randolph E ^Chaplain 

Spencer, Loyal W Private 

Spitzley, Steve jSergeant 

Sterling, F. P IS'g't Major.. 



A 

L 
B 
D 
C 
H 
C 
D 
H 
M 
G 

A 

K 
I 

E 
K 

K 
D 
M 
A 
A 
A 
B 
B 
B 
E 
I 
C 
B 
E 



B 

C 
H 
F 
F 
B 
D 
H 
I 

F 
K 
I 
A 

C 
F 
F 

G 
M 
A 
B 
F 
B 
B 
D 
A 
D 
D 
H 
E 
F 
C 
D 
K 
G 
A 
D 
F 
F 
H 
G 
B 
G 
G 
G 
B 



1 9th Iowa Infantry 

M Pa. Cavalry 

]105th O. Infantry 

1 100th Pa. Infantry 

42d O. Infantry 

1 3d Minn. Cavalry 

[20th Iowa Infantry 

list N. Y. Dragoons 

id Minn. Cavalry 

t2d Wis. Cavalry 

8th 111. Infantry 

U.S. Navy 

1st Mo. L. Artillery ... 

11th Mich 

37th N.Y. Infantry 

9th Wis. Infantry 

20th Pa. Cavalry 

U. S. Navy 

4th Mich Infantry 

Tth Pa. Cavalry 

1st Cal. Cavalry 

16th Mass. Infantry... 

3d Mo. Infantry 

3d Mo. Infantry 

9th N.Y. Cavalry 

9th 111. Cavalry 

9th 111. Cavalry 

8«Jth N. Y. Infantry 

•2d 111. Artillery 

loth Minn. Infantry..., 
18th U. S. Volunteers. 

4th Pa. Cavalry 

1st Minn. Infantry 

43d Ind. Infantry 

8th N.Y. Cavalry 

Ist Conn. H. Artillery 

79th Ind. Infantry 

3d Iowa Infantrv 

2d Regt. Ind. Brig 

18.5thN.Y. Infantry... 

Ist Wis. Artilery- 

1st Or. Cavalry 

Ulth Pa. Infantry 

79th O. Infantry 

Miss. Squadron 

22d Vet. Res.Corps 

7th Me. Infantry 

IBth Wis. Infantry 

14th N.Y. Artillery... 
2d Minn. L. Batterv ... 

16th O. Infantry 

9th 111. Cavalry 

53d 111. Infantrv 

32d O. Infantry 

24th Me. Infantry 

1st Mo. Cavalry 

13th O. Infantry 

25th Mo. Infantry 

i45th III. Infantry 

92dO. Infantry 

6th Kan. Cavalry 

195th Penn. Infantry. 

3Jst Me. Infnntry 

|22d Vet. R. Corps 

124th Ind. Infantry 

8th Wis. Infantry 

1st Mo. Artillery 

4th Ohio Infantry 

i63dPa. Infantry 

6th U.S. Vet 

27th Col. Vol 

80th 111. Infantry 

2d Conn. L. Artillery... 

48th Ind. Infantry 

194th O. Infantry 

9th Mich. Infantry... 

Ist Del. Infantry 

1st Mich. Eng 

46th Wis. Infantry... 
14th U. S. Infantry .. 

59th O. Infantry 

Marines 

27th IMich. Infantry... 
10th Wis. Infantry ... 



Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helena 

Elliston, Mont 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helena 

Helena 

Townsend, Mont 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helens 

Augusta, Mont 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

WhiteSulphur Spring^.. 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

P. P. Junction, Mont 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Townsend, Mont 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 

Helena 

Helens 

Helens 

Helens 



-67^ 



strong, W. W (died '87) 

Thoma.s, Abraham 

Thompson, Robt. B 

Tooker, John D 

Vance, W. H 

Walker, E. a 

Walker, Robt. C 

Wallace, R. C 

Wheeler, Wm. F 

White, Geo. W 

White, Robt 

Winston, P.J 

Worcester, C. S 

Worthington, Thomas 

Yeager, H. C 

Zeisjler, S. M 



Captain 


K 


Or. S'g't 


A 


Private 


A 


Private 


P 


Sergeant 


K 


Private 


K 


Maj.&P.M. 




Major 




Captain 


F 


Private 


F 


Private 


P 


Corporal 


I 


Private 


K 


Lieut 


A 


Private 


D 


Private 


K 



14th ni. Infantry 

1st O. Cavalry 

2l8t Pa. Infantry 

22d Vet. Res. Corps.. 

'3d Cal. Infantry 

•2d Kan. Cavalry 

;U. S. Army 

j5th Mich. Cavalry 

4th Minn. Infantry... 

9th Iowa Infantry 

12th ni. Infantry , 

!2d Neb. Cavalry 

|lstMe. Vet. Vol 

106th O. Infantry 

20th Mass. Infantrv.. 
1 16th Wis. Infantry... 



Helena 

Marysville, Mont.. 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena .-.. 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 

Marysville, Mont.. 
Townsend, Mont.. 

Helena 

Helena 

Helena 



GEORGE H. THOMAS POST NO. 4. 

Deer Lodge. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

H. A. Smurr, Commander. 

J. W. Fox, Senior Vice Commander. 

Ed. M. Leach, Junior Vice Commander. 

B.F. Martz, Adjutant. 

I,ew Coleman, Quartermaster. 

S. Glover, Surgeon. 

D. J. McMillan, Chaplain. 

J. H. Mills, Officer of the Day. 

J. Vaughn, Officer of the Guard. 

S. D. Stuart, Sergeant Major. 

W. B. Miller, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 

D. J. McMillan. H. H. Zenor. 

I^ew Coleman. 



NAME 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


ADDRESS. 


Beer, Joshua 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Captain 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

General ser. 


H 

I 

K 

K 

G 

M 

C 

B 

G 

A 

A 

G 

E 

I 

K 

G 

H 

A 
C 

C 
A 

I 
F 


65th Ohio 


Deer LfOdce 




3l8t Wlfcct.n'in 

2d Col. Cavalry 


It t( 


Coleman, I>ew 


(( ti 


Coleman, Wm 


13l8t Ohio 


4( ii 






It (( 


Dean, Frank B 


1st Maine Artillery 

3d Maryland 


«( 4( 


Engle, Perry 


(t tt 


Fox, J. W 


3d Kansas 


it tl 


Galbraith, W. J 


78th Pennsylvania 

20th Wisconsin 


(t It 


Glover Steve 


ti it 


Gilbeault, Virgil 


5th Vermont ....'. 


tl (( 


Mills, James H 


11th Pennsylvania 

57th U. S. Infantry 

23d Iowa 


t( 4( 


Martz B. F 


li (( 


Mills, E. P 


tl tl 


Mc Millan, D. J 


7th Illinois 


It II 


Milleo, W. B 


178th Pt^nnsylvania..... 


It 11 


blorrison, D. A 


It It 


Murphy, Wm. 


2dB't'nU. S. Infantry 


It II 


Houck.G. L 


11 11 


Stuart, S. D 


tt 11 


Leach, E. M 


leSHh New York 


It It 


Kelly, Michael 


75th Pennsylvania 

51st Missouri 


II II 


Witters, Wm 


It 11 


Zenor, H. H 


14th Indiana 


11 II 


Qovemy, L 

















-68- 



CUSTER POST NO. 5. 



Sheridan, 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

0. F. Parmeter, Post Commander. 

Thos. A. Foster, Senior Vice Commander. 

Mark Brown, Junior Vice Commander. 

G. W. Rightenour, Adjutant. 

H. D. Rossiter, Quartermaster. 

K. P. Day, Surgeon. 

Albert Herman, Chaplain. 

E. h. Dickinson, Officer of the Day. 

Hervey Hardesty, Officer of the Guard. 

Frank Talty, Sergeant Major. 

1. D. Moore, . Quartermaster Sergeant. 



PAST POST COIVtM ANDERS. 
O. F. Parmeter. I. D. Moore. 



NAME. 



Dickinson, E. L.... 

Parmeter, O. F 

Hardesty, G. W.... 
Rightenour, G. W, 

Rossiter, H. D 

Hall, Wm 

Foster, Thos. A.... 

Sholes, C. M 

Courtney, Robt 

Moore, I. D 

Kidder, H. H 

Crane, Geo 

Taylor, Wm. H .... 

Means, W. A 

Talty, Frank 

Urnspaw, W. M.... 

Griffith, Wm. H 

Lowman, O. R. S.., 
Karnetson, Hans.. 
Hardesty, Henry.., 

Moore, B. F 

Day, E. P 

Herman, F. C 

Thompson, Riley. 

Brown, Mark 

Gould, G.W 

Raymond, W. B... 
Siegchrist, Henry. 
Herman, Albert.... 

Comfort, J. R 

Pense, D. A 

Stine, Asbury 

Hunt, James M , 



RANK. 



1st Lieut 

Musician 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Corporal 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Corporal 

1st Sergeant 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



B 
I 
G 
D 
B 
I 

H 
M 
B 
I 

M 
G 
B 
I 
G 
K 
M 
B 
D 
B 
L 
K 
I 
B 
G 
B 
K 
B 
C 
B 
G 
L 
F 



SERVICE. 



150th Penn 

47th 111 

ISM Ohio 

11th 111. Infantry 

22d 111 

1st Vt. Cavalry 

2d Minn. Infantry 

14th N. Y. H. Artillery. 
8th N. Y. H. Artillery. 

52dlll tSheridan 

2dCal. Cavalry 

2d 111. L. Artillery.. 
8th Hancock's R. C 

69th Mo 

1st Iowa Cavalry.... 

98th 111 

2d Col. Cavalry 

irthKan 

2d Neb. Cavalry 

9th III. Cavalry 

15th 111. Cavalry 

2d Iowa Infantry..., 

1st Ohio 

142d 111 

14l8tlll 

1st Nev 

7th Wis 

49th Ohio 

9th Wis 

137th N. Y 

1st Ala. Cavalry 

7th Iowa Cavalry... 
35th Mo 



ADDRESS. 



Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Wardner, Idaho 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Virginia City, Mont.. 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 



Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Virginia City, Mont.. 
Sheridan 



Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Laurin, Mont 

Sheridan 

Wisdom, Mont 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Sheridan 

Silver Star, Mont 

Silver Star, Mont 

Sheridan 

Twin Bridges, Mont. 
Twin Bridges, Mont. 

Sheridan 

Laurin, Mont 



-69- 
FRANK BLAIR POST NO. 6. 

Virginia City. 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

J. B. Camithers, Post Commander. 

T. P. Cox, Senior Vice Commander. 

J. M. King, Junior Vice Commander. 

C. W. Sprague, Chaplain. 

D. W. lyinsday, Adjutant. 

A. E. Gloyd, Quartermaster. 

J. B. How, Officer of the Day. 

H. Schmalhausen, Surgeon. 



PAST POST COMMANDERS. 



Henry N. Blake. 
Stephen Gaman. 



James E. Callaway. 
Eugene Stark. 



NAME. 



Blake, H. N 

Bailey, Wm. H 

Burker. Geo 

Browner, S. M 

Burns, Geo. W 

Bull, A. N 

Callaway, James E 

Christnot. Chas. F (dead)... 

Conger, E. J 

Carruthers, J. B 

Covelv.Wm. F 

Cox, f honoas P 

Deimling, F. C (dead) 

Davis, J. H 

Faljambe, H. C: 

Febes, James H 

Gainan, Stephen 

Gloyd, A. E 

How, .Tames B 

Hardesty, H 

Howell, H. S 

Hargward, P. D , 

Hoffman,. Joseph , 

King, J. M 

Kroeger. tienry 

Knight, A.B 

Linsday, D. W 

Linsley, O. D 

Metlander. E 

Morns, J. W 

AFather, Emmitt 

O'Brien, Michael 

Pinckney, C. M 

Page, James M 

Speller, John 

Stark, Eugene , 

Stevens, W. W 

Sprague, C. H 

Schmaulhausen, H 

Templeton. Hes 

Williams, J. T 

Wood worth, John E 



NAME. 



Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Lieutenant 

Colonel 

Private 

Lieut. Col.. 

Private 

Sergeant.... 

Private 

Colonel 

Captain 

Sergeant.... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Sergeant 

Captain 



Private.. 
Private.. 
Private.. 



REG. 



11 

24 

52 

14 

1 

i:B3 

21 

12 

1 

34 

5 

119 

10 

41 

5 

11 

15 

13 

1 

9 

4 

83 

2 

i 



Serfreant 1 

Sergeant 15 

Private 1 

Corporal 126 

Captain 1 

Sergeant 57 

Sergeant j .5 

Sergeant j 6 

Private j 11 

Private | 

Private I 17 

Bugler I 1 

Captain 2t) 

Private 2 

Private 2 

Sergeant 1 111 



STATE. 



Mass. Infantry.... 
Mich. Infantry ... 
Illinois Infantry. 
Mich. Cavalry.... 

111. Artillery : 

Ohio Infantry 

111. Infantry 

Wis. Infantry 

D. C. Cavalry 

New York 

U. S. Cavalry 

111. Infantry 

Mo. Infantry 

111. Infantry 

California 

Illinois 

Iowa 

Wisconsin 

Missouri 

Illinois 

New Jersey 



ADDRESS. 



Pennsylvania 

West Va. Cavalry. 
Col. Cavalry 



New York Artillery. 
New York Infantry.. 

U. S. Artillery 

Illinois 

Vermont Cavalry 

111. Infantry 

Michigan 

Michigan 

Illinois 

|Tfcll Corps 

Iowa 

Illinois 

Kentucky 

Iowa 

I Wisconsin 

lOhio 



Virginia City 

Virginia City 

filler Springs, Mont 

Ennis, Mont 

Ennis, Mont 

Ennis, Mont 

Virginia City 

Dillon, Mont 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Virgin a City 

Puller Springs, Mont 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Virgrinia City 

Virginia City 

Sheridan, Mont 

Helena, Mont 

Albert Lee Mine 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Meadow Creek, Mont 

Butte, Mont 

Helena, Mont 

Laurin, Mont 

Deer Lodge, Mont 

Butte, Mont 

Washington Bar, Mont.. 

Virginia City _. 

Washington Bar, Mont.. 

Twin Bridges, Mont 

Butte, Mont 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Ei.nis, Mont 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Virginia City 

Ennis, Mont 



-70- 
FARRAGUT POST NO. 7. 

Livingston. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

Pierce Hoopes, Jr., Post Commander, 

John Skillen, Senior Vice Commander. 

N. Ebert, Junior Vice Commander. 

Geo. F. Chambers, Adjutant. 

Wm. M. Green, Quartermaster. 

F. W. Wright, Surgeon. 

John Byard, Chaplain. 

G. W. Grant, Officer of the Day. 

Geo. W. Metcalf, Officer of the Guard. 

Louis Savoy, Sergeant Major. 

C. W. Rossiter, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 
Geo. F. Chambers. F. W. Wright. 



NAME. 



RANK. 



Buchanan, D. K Private„ 

Byard, John Private.. 

Button, Otis Private.. 

Chambers, Geo. F jCorporal.. 

Carr, B. J 

Devoe, Henry iMusician . 

Donaldson, Geo., W ;Private.... 

Ebert, N Corporal.. 

Fifield, C. C Private.... 

Private.... 

Private.. 

Private.. 



Farrell, Wm. 
Grady, John. 
Grant, G. W.. 

Geer, George ICorporal. 

Green, Wm. M jCorporal.. 

Hoppie, Hugh .'Sergeant. 

Hicke.s, A. B^ ^Corporal.. 

Private.... 

Private™.. 

Private.... 



Hoopes, Jr., Pierce.. 
Knoblocke, Peter.... 

La Barre, L. C 

I-awrence, J. F 

Metcalf, Geo. W 

Ma.«K)n, John A 

MoCube, Allen 

Otten, Louis 

Ristenbutt, August.. 

Redtield, Wm. H 

Rossiter, C. W 

Skillen, John 

Savov, Louis 

Tooley, P. H 

Thompson, Jesse B.. 

Taylor, Sol. D 

Vampel, Henry 

Wright, Fred W 



Private.. 



IstClassBoy 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician.. 
Corporal... 
Private 



Private.... 
Private.... 
Private.... 
Sergreant.. 



CO. 



A 

F 
D 
B 

B 
E 
K 
B 
K 
G 
H 
D 
A 
D 
E 
L 
D 
C 



K 
F 
F 
C 
F 
C 



F 
B 



SERVICE. 



ADDRE.SS. 



9th Pa. Cavalry Livingston 

152d Ohio Livingston 

.35th 111. Volunteers Livingston 

11th Ind. Volunteers... Livingston 

Navy San Francisco 

14th U. S. Infantry Livingston „.. 

6th Iowa Cavalry Livingston 

4th Wis. Cavalry Livingston 

16th N. Y. Infantry Livingston 

48th Wis. Infantry Livingston 

90th 111. Infantry Livingston 

i46th Ind. Infantry Livingston 

3d Mich. Cavalry Livingston 

4th Minn. Infantry Livingston 

22d N. Y. Cavalry Gardiner 

2id N. Y Infantry Livingrston 

3d Pa. H. Ar.illiary 'Livingston 

123d Pa. Infantry |Velm, Wash. Ter.. 

31st Wis. Infantry |Li\nng^ton 

Livingston 

20tb Ind, Infantry Living^ston 



y. S. N Huntlev, Mont. 

8th Mo. Infantry 'Hot .Springs, Wyo .... 

93d Pa. Infantry Livingston 

40th Wis. Infantry iLivingston 

7th Ohio Infantry Duluth, Minn 

33d N. Y. Infantry iLivingston , 

2d N. Y. Militia Livingston 

Castle, Mont 

2d Ind. Cavalry '-pokane Falls, W. T. 

2d Bat., Ist Me. Art Livingston 

19rth O. V. Infantry.. ..ILivingston 

16th N. Y. Cavalry 'Livingston 



-n- 



STEADMAN POST NO. 8. 

Dillon. 



OFFICERS, 1888 

Otho Klemm, Post Commander. 

David Lament, Senior Vice Commander. 

Charles Blevin, Junior Vice Commander. 

Thos. M. O'Connor, Adjutant. 

Fred Hopp, Quartermaster. 

H. D. Pickman, Surgeon. 

Thos. Loughridge, Chaplain. 

Robert McDowell, Officer of the Day. 

Bengman Bond, Officer of the Guard. 

Ivouis Hoffman, Sergeant Major. 

J. B. Townsend, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDER. 

Otho Klemm. 



NAME. 



Bond, Bengman 

Blevin, Charles 

Bishop, James D 

Conner, John 

Darnatzer, Chris 

Gannon, John 

Hopp, Frederick 

Hoffman, Louis 

Klemm, Otho 

Lamont, David 

Loiighridge, T homas, 

McDowell, Kobert 

McClusky, John 

O'Connor, Thomas M, 

'^'Leary, John F 

Pickman, Henry D 

Scalley, John C 

Talent, Isaac... 

Townsend, James B... 
"Willis, Ozias 



RANK. 



Sergeant .. 
Or. Sergeant 
Sergeant .. 
Sergeant .. 
1st Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Corporal... 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant .. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



D 

D 
G 
B 
G 
K 
E 
B 
A 
B 
A 
F 
G 
B 
A 
H 
E 
K 
I 



SERVICE. 



ADDRESS. 



14th Iowa Infantry 

Navy — Steamer Cyam 
i;mh N. Y. Vol. Infty.. 
i!d Minn. Vet. Infantry 

14th Iowa Infantry, 

12th U. S. Infantry 

8th Iowa Infantry 

•id U. S. Vol. Infantry. 

1st 111. Artillery 

14:th 111. Infantry 

Ist Col. Cavalry 

22d N. Y. Volunteers... 

Ist Nev. Cavalry 

3dCal. Vol. Infantry... 

14-^ 111. Infantry 

50th Mass. Infantry 

18th N. H. Infantry 

13th Ky. Vol. Cavalry. 

4th Iowa Infantry 

42d Mass. Infantry 



Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Butte 

Twin Bridges. 

Dillon 

Birch Creek... 

Dillon 

Dillon 

[Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Bannack 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

Dillon 

AVillis 



WM. ENGLISH POST NO. 10. 

Bozeman. 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

Wm. Y. Smith, Post Commander, 

O. P. Jones, Senior Vice Commander. 

E. P. Wilbur, Junior Vice Commander. 

R. M. Whitefoot, Surgeon. 

A. J. Edsall, Officer of the Day. 

P. H. Bohurt, Chaplain. 

Roger Edwards, Quartermaster. 



-72- 

J. A. McElroy, Adjutant. 

W. J. Alexander, Officer of the Guard. 

G. W. Flanders Sergeant Major. 

James W. Mardis Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 

Ed. F. Ferris. Jos. M. Lindley. 

B. F. Osbom. 



NAME. 



Axtell, John S 

Alexander, W. J 

Anderson, John 

Benton. Ezra L 

Booth, Geo. A 

Bohurt, Peter tl 

BuBhnell, Wm. H 

Bowen. Wm. B 

Barrott, Lee 

Coburn, John 

Chase, C.J 

Carlin, John T 

Charpie, Alvin B 

Campbell, E.F 

Corbly, J. I „ 

Eaton, Geo. O 

E^astman, Henry B 

E^sall, Andrew J 

Ellison, Chas. F 

Edwards, Roger 

Ferris, Ed. F 

Flanders, Geo. W 

Guile, Wm. H 

Gallagher, John 

Grodwent, David B 

Huston Geo. A (de-^d) 

Hanson, John 

Harder, John N 

Jones, Thos. M 

.Tones, O. P 

Kennedy, Jas. H 

Lindley, Jos. M 

Lamb, John C 

Laoock, Albert 

McElroy, Jas. A 

Moore, John G 

Mardis, Jas. W 

Moore, John 

McCornack, W. F 

Matthews, J. T 

Nixon, J. H 

Oyler, Geo. E 

Osborn, B. Frank 

Bobbins, E. W 

Smith, Wm. Y 

Sanders, W. F 

Stroup, Peter 

Sterling, Henry 

Shay, Geo. A 

Sanborn, J. L 

Schabarker, H 

Swan, I. W _ 

Thomas, Geo. T> 

Van Tassell, Oscar 

Wi'lson, Lester S 

Woods, Joseph H 

Woodard. Philip 

Wilber, E. P 

Walton, David 

Whitefoot, R. M 

Webster, AJden — 



RANK. 



CO. 



Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Lieutenant.. 
Lieutenant 
Sergeant .... 

Private 

Private 

Colonel 

Private 

Lieutenant, 
Musician.... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant .... 

Private 

Ist Lieut..... 
Lieut. Co) .. 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private ' G 

Private I D 



E 
A 
A 
F 
K 
H 
C 
B 
A 

c 

F 

M 

A 
I 
I 

M 
I 
U 

B 

A 



Private 


I 


Corporal 


C 


Private 


E 


Private 


C 


Lieutenant- 


K 


Private 




Private 


K 


Corporal 


E 


Private 


F 


1st Lieut 


K 


Private 


M 


Private 


K 



Private 

''rivate 

Private 

Private 

Private 

1st Sergeant 
Corporal. .. 

Private 

2d Lieut.... 

Private 

CJorporal... 
Corporal... 
Core oral... 

Private 

1st Sergeant 
Lieutenant.. 

Colonel 

Lieut. Col ... 
Paymaster.. 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 



B 

I 
L 
H 

I 
A 

I 
H 

A 

C 
L 
D 

C 
K 



K 
B 
C 
F 
K 



SERVICE. 



6th Mich. Cavalry... 

2d Wis. Cavalry 

1st Colored Kan. V. 
23d N. Y. Infantry .. 
98th N. Y. Infantry . 

23d 111. Infantry 

9th 111. Cavalry 

1st Vt. Cavalry 

2d Minn. Infantry... 

Sid Ind. Infantry 

13th P. S. Infantry.. 
82d Ohio Infantry.... 
Slst Ind. Infantry.... 
8th Iowa Cavalry.... 
6th Iowa Infantry.... 
15th Maine Infantry 

:id Wis. Infantry 

Ist N. J. Cavalry 

134th 111. Infantry 

48th N. Y. Infantry.. 
14th Wis. Infantry .. 

6th Vt. Infantry 

3d Iowa Cavalry 

4th U. S. Infantry... 

57th Pa. Infantry 

8th Pa. Reserves 

42d III. Infantry 

12th Mich. Infantry.. 

Slst Wis. Infantry 

10th R. I. Infantry... 

2nd B. Mo. S. M 

1st Kan. Infantry 

22d Me. Infantrj- 

24th Iowa Infantry... 

2d Ohio Cavalry 

1st Ala. Infantry 

38th Iowa Infantry... 
4th Iowa Infantry.... 
127th 111. Infantry... 

Ist H. A. Ind. Vol 

2d Wis. Infantry 

2l8t Mo. Infantry 

2l8t 111. Infantry 

IstU. S S. S 

4th Minn. Infantry... 
64th Ohio Infantry ... 

1st Col. Infantry 

7th Ind. Infantry , 

1st Me. Cavalry 

1st Nevada Cavalry., 

2d Minn. Infantry 

13th Wis. Infantry ... 

Emigrant Escort 

:i4th 111. Infantr.v 

60th N. Y. Infantry .. 

U. S. Navy 

4th U. S. Cavalry 

7th W. Va. Cavalry .. 

8th Ky. Infantrv 

8th 111. Infantry 

3tb Minn. Infantry .. 



ADDRESS. 



Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 
In Bozeman. 



Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 
Bozeman . 
Bozeman. 



Bozeman 

Bozeman 

Sales ville 

Spring Hill.. 
Cooke City.. 

Bozeman 



Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 



Bozeman. 



Bozeman.... 

Castle 

Bozeman.... 
Bozeman.... 
Bozeman.... 
Bozeman.... 
Bozeman.... 
Spring Hill . 
Bozeman.... 



Bozeman . 



Red Bluff.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Moreland.. 
Bozeman.. 



Bozeman.. 

Helena 

Bozeman.. 
Salesville., 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 
Bozeman.. 



Bozeman. 
Bozeman. 
Bozeman . 
Bozeman. 



-73- 
FRED. WINTHROP POST NO. 11. 

Missoula. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

C. W. Lombard, Post Commander. 

W. J. Livingston, Senior Vice Commander. 

Junior Vice Commander. 

Eli Fisher, Adjutant. 

John L. Sloane, Quartermaster. 

Surgeon. 

Geo. B. Hartman, Chaplain. 

Officer of the Day. 

Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 
John L. Sloane. Will Kennedy. 



NAME. 



RANK. 



Armstrong, John N Private.... 

Bancroft, W. E IstLleut.. 

Bellew, Samuel 2d Lieut.. 

Bodertha, Geo. W Private... 

Bradt, Jacob A Private... 

Buker, Anderson Private.... 

Bruner, John 1st Sergt.. 

Brodrecht, Wm Private.... 

Beardsley, Wm Private... 

Buscher, Charles Private.... 

Cantwell. James Private... 

Catlin, Pope Private.... 

Cline, E. W Private... 

Christmas, Da^-id Corporal., 

Cochran, James Private.... 

Christmas, M. (died, 1888) Private.. . 

Dickinson, W. H. H jPrivate.... 

Danforth, David (dead) list "ergt.. 



Egan, Wm 

Eddv, Albert P * 

Eis Camp, Lewis 

Fulkerson, W. W 

Fletcher, James E 

Fordham, Elva A 

Fisher, Eli 

Gardner, Geo. E 

Grant, Pleasant F 

Hartman, Geo. B 

Head, Geo. E 

Jameson, F, N 

Kennedy, Will 

Kenney, E. O jCaptain 

Kelsey. Wm. (died, 1887)...; Captain 

Koch, Chas 

Kennett, Ferdinand 

Lombard, C. W 

Lathrop, C. F 

Lane, Kobt. L 

Livingston, W. J jQ. M. Sergt. 

Lese, Jeremiah [private 




1st Sergt 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Q. M. Sergt. 
Corporal 



Private.... 
Corporal. 



Private 
Sergt. Maj... 

Private 

Private 

Private 



D 

E 
G 
B 
H 
B 
C 
F 
G 
C 
I 
A 
L 
B 
C 
F 
H 
A 
D 

I 
E 
G 
H 

D 

G 
A 
F 
M 
F 

I 

I 
B 
L 



SERVICE. 



40th Wis. V. Infantry.. 
Ist U. S. V. Infantry ... 

114th N. Y. V. Infy 

2d N. Y. Cavalry 

Soth O. V. Infantry 

:«d Ind. V. Infan 

13th Mo. V. Infan 

104th N. Y. V. Infan.... 

42dW.V. Infan 

3dU. S. Infan 

48th Mo. V. Infan 

3d Minn. V. Infan 

93d N. Y. Infan 

8th Mich. Cav 

Iowa V. Infan 

3d Kan, V. Infan 

2l8t Mo. V. Infan 

5th Art 

Ist Or. V. Infan 

18th N. Y. V. Cav 

3d N. Y. V. Infan 

3d Wis. V. Cav 

1st N. Y. L. Art 

17th 111. V. Infan 

17th Mass. V. Infan 

8th Iowa Cav 

14th Ohio V. Infan 

U.S. A 

Ist Iowa V. Infan 

22dlnd. V. Infan 

15th Conn 

lith N. Y. Cav 

17th Mo. V. Infan 

^ythMo. V. Infan 

3d Miss. V. Infan 

0th Mich. H. Art 

2d Cal. Cav 

72dN. Y. S. V 

79th N. Y. V 



ADDRESS. 



Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Wash. Ter, 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 



Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T. 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T... 

Ft. Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Boulder 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T... 



-74- 



Landers, Wm 

Maseley, Robert 

Martin, Patrick 

Nermire, Gustave 

Pearce, George 

Pryor, George 

Pierce, M. H 

Payne, Forest 

Rogers, James 

Rice, Henry C 

Ryan, Thomas 

Sloane, John L 

Simmons, Leroy 

Thomas, David J 

Vanalstin. Cbas „.. 

Woodrufl", Ezra 

Williams, Thos. (died, '88) 

Wilcoxen, Samuel C 

Young, James 

Zuanzig, Ortelles Adolp... 

Conway, Edward _ 

Waldrip, James _....._.. 



Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician 

Sergeant. 

1st Sergt 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Ist Sergeant 

Private 

A. Surgeon.. 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 

Musician 

Private 



K 
C 
B 
E 
F 
A 
F 
E 
I 

M 
G 
A 

D 
A 
B 
I 
G 
B 
B 
B 



57th ni. V. Infan.... 

2d 111. Cav 

3d U.S. Infan 

:»th Mass V. Infan. 
7th Cal. V. Infan .... 

1st La. V. Infan 

20th la. V. Infan 

23dN.Y.V. Infan.. 

176Ui N. Y. V. I 

1st Col. Cav 

1st N. Y. V. I 

5th N.Y 

30th Mass. H. Art... 

Mo. Militia .'..., 

124thIll.V. Infan... 
15th Ky. V. Infan... 

2dV. L. Art 

121stInd.V. Infan.. 

6th Pa. Cav 

15th N.Y. H. Art 

IstU.S. Infan 

Vet. Eng. Corps 



Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 
Ft. Meade, D. T.. 
Ft. Meade, D. T., 

Ft. Meade. D, T.. 

Missoula 

Heron. Mont 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Missoula 

Missoula «... 

.Ft. Meade, D.T.. 
. Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Missoula 

Missoula 

Ft. Meade, D. T.. 

Missoula 



THOMAS L. KANE POST NO. 12. 

Glendive. 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

Henry C. Tuttle, Post Commander. 

John L. Bums, Senior Vice Commander. 

John S. Shaub, Junior Vice Commander. 

James McCormick, Adjutant. 

M. P. Wyman, Quartermaster. 

Wm. P. Middleham, Surgeon. 

Wm. W. Newton, Chaplain. 

Wilber M. Coleman, . . . . * Officer of the Day. 

James W. Daily, Officer of the Guard. 

John Ferrous, Sergeant Major. 

Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 



Pierce Hoopes, Jr. 



Henry C. Tuttle. 



NAME. 



Allen, Joseph W 

Bamber, John 

Bendon, Wathaniel J., 

Bangs, Wm. C 

Bums, John L 

Bennett, Norris S 

Brown, David 

Bonham, Philip 

Coleman, Wilber M.... 

Coyle, James 

Cyphers, Philip 

Cummins, Richard R. 

Daly, James 

Duffy, James 

Davis, Geo. B 

Daily, James W 



RANK. 



Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Sergeant... 
1st Lieut... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal .. 
Corporal. . . 

Private 

Private 

Drummer . 



CO, 



F 
G 
A 
G 
K 
K 
B 
B 
L 

^&B 
F 
D 
K 
F 
C 



SERVICE. 



Ist Kan. Infan 

20th Conn. Infan 

11th Penn. R. C. Infan 

13th Mo. Infan 

142d N. Y. Infan 

44th Ind. Infan 

1st Mich. Infan 

1st Nev. Cav 

1st Minn. Infan 

9th Conn. Infan 

9th N.J. Infan 

124th Penn. Vet. Infan 

IstMd. Cav 

:i3dN. J. Infan 

42d Wis. Infan 



ADDRESS. 



Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Glendive 

Missoula 

Williston, Dak 

Glendive 

Glendive , 

Dickinson, Dak 

Newlon, Mont , 

Seattle, Wash. Ter 

Dickinson , Dak 

Glendive 

Helena 



-75- 



Egan, Michael 

Perrons, Jolin 

Frederic, Henry 

Hoopes, Jr, Pierce 

Hiershfield, Jacob 

liiMCO, James W 

Ledford, John S 

Middleham. Wm. H 

McClung, Thomas J 

McFerren, Henry 

McCormick. James 

McWhirk, Geo. B 

Newton, George H 

Newlon, Wm. W 

Noe, Benjamin H 

Richmond, Geo. D 

Robinson, Richard R 

Riley, James F 

Slawson, Eben 

Smith, Charles N 

Tuttle, Henry C 

Treat, R. M. (died Mch 2,'87) 

Van Blaricom,Lievi 

Waters, Ela C 

Walton, John E 

Wyman, Mo.ses P 

Vunk, Robert 

Shaub, Johns 

Tranmer, Charles 



Private 

Seaman ... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Farrier 

1st Lieut .. 

Private 

Ist Sergt... 
Corporal... 

Private 

Private 

Corporal... .. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Musician 

Private 

IstC.Firemn 



Private.. 
Private.. 



A 

C 
K 
D 
L 
K 
C 
D 
A 
G 
H 
F 
K 
F 
L 
G 
D 
E 
F 
I 

H 
C 



E 
B 



15th Conn. Infan 

U. S. S. Louisville.... 
1st Pa. V. R. C. Infan 

31st N. Y. Infan 

90th Pa. Infan 

8th Ken. Infan 

gthlll. Cav 

8th 111. Infan 

9th N. J. Infan 

19th Conn. Infan 

50th Ohio Infan 

156th 111. Infan 

86th 111. Infan 

47th Ken. Infan 

158<hN. Y. Infan 

2d Iowa Infan 

6th Iowa Infan 

2dN. Y. H. Art 

1st Me. Cav 

Ind. Batt. Minn. Cav 

2d Iowa Cav 

4th Minn. Infan 

38th Wis. Infan 

100th Pa. Infan 

U. S. F. Minnesota.... 

191st Ohio Infan 

1st Wis. H.Alt 



Glendive 

Living^ston 

Miles City 

Leavenworth, Kan. 

Wash. Ter 

Glendive 

Missoula 

Glendive 

Miles City 

Glendive 

Glendive 

Willi-ston, Dak 

Wiiliston, Dak 

Newlon 

Glendive 

Glendive 

Billing^s 

Forsythe 

Albany, Ore 

Glendive , 

Milwaukee, Wis ... 



J. B. Mcpherson post no. is. 

Boulder. 



OFFICERS, 1888. 

A. S. Kellogg, Post Commander. 

Benj. F. Shrene, Senior Vice Commander. 

D. F. Hoopes, Junior Vice Commander. 

J. H. Miller, Adjutant. 

V. A. Cook, Quartermaster. 

J. H. Nelson, Surgeon. 

S. S. Street, Chaplain. 

Wm. Rains, Officer of the Day. 

Will Kennedy, Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

* Quartermaster Sergeant. 



PAST POST COMMANDERS. 



Vining A. Cook. 



Geo. Ten Eyck. 



lyucius Whiting. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


ADDRESS. 


Albert, Alex 


Musician 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 


B 
H 

I 

U 
F 
G 
G 
K 


151st Tnd. Infan 


Jefferson City 


Bailey, Frank 


12tli 111. Infan 


Wickes , 


Bell, Alex 


95th 111. Infan 


Comet 


Cook, Hiram ." 


25tli Mich. Infan. 


Boulder 


Cook, Vining A 


3d Mich. Cav 


Boulder 


Dailey, Jas. P 


8th U. S. Infan 


Comet. 


Faught, James 


9l8t Ohio Infan 


Comet 


Banna, Lyman E 


10th Ohio Cav 


Wickea ~ 



-76- 



Hooi)es, Benj. F... 
H»rper, .Samuel S. 

Hall, M. K 

Kellogg, Jas. M 

Kellogg, A. S 

Mier Alfred 

Marsh, Alonzo 

Moore, John !•._ 

Nelson, Jaiiies H... 

Park, Perry 

Rain, Wiii. A 

Street, S. S 

Shrene, Benj. F 

Sleigh, Geo. W 

Ten Eyck, Geo 

Tole, Louis H 

Weber, Mathiaa 

Weaver, F. L 



Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Corporal 

Ck)ri>oral 

Private 

Private 

Private , 

Corporal 

Private , 

Private 

Corporal.... 

1st Lieut 

Sergeant.... 

Captain 

Corporal. ... 

Private 

[Ship Carp. 



B 
B 

M 

H 
K 
B 
I 

K 
C 
H 
A 
E 
A 
I 
E 
B 



|14th Pa. Cav Boulder-... 

9th Pa. Cavalry Boulder.... 

1st Minn. Bat Boulder 

list N. Mex. Cav Wickes 

;2.Hh Mich. Infan Boulder 

Soth Ohia Cav Whitehall.. 

2id Ohio Infan Whitehall.. 

52d 111. Inf^n Bou!der_... 

2l8t Mo. Infan Boulder. 

8th Iowa Cav Wickes 

2d Cal. Cav Boulder.... 

22d Iowa Infan Boulder.... 

10th Va. Infan Wickes 

92d Ohio Infan ". Wickes 

8th N. Y. Art Boulder 

id Ohio Infan Wickes 

72d Ohio Infan Wickes 

Miss. Squadron Boulder.... 



U. S. GRANT POST NO. 14. 

Miles City. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

Henr>' Romeyn, Post Commander. 

E. A. Kreidler, Senior Vice Commander. 

N. Borchardt, Junior Vice Commander. 

E. A. Koerper, Surgeon. 

S. E. Snider, Chaplain. 

F. R. Tj-ler, OflScer of the Bay. 

R. W. Corwin, Adjutant. 

Abram Hall, Quartermaster. 

J. W. Barnes, Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDERS. 
R. C. Webster. Henr>' Romejn. 



NAME. 



Allen, Chas. H 

Anderson, Chas. W... 
Borchardt, Newman. 

Buckingham, J. W. 

Bryan, Thos. J 

Birkle, Wm 

Barnes, J. W 

Bremenstahl, S. M .... 

Burke, Michael 

Bissonnett, Nan 

Campbell, R. E. 

Carr, William 

Chapman, E. K_ 

Corwin, R. W„ 

Dovrling, Jos 

Ehrick, A.J. F 

Foley, Edward 

Fullmer, Jacob 

Goeke, Herman 

Hall, Abram 

Holden, J. G 

Harmon, Wm 



RANK. 



1st Lieut... 

Private 

1st Lieut... 

Private 

Lieut Col.. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant.. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician.. 
Sergeant.. 

Private 

Musician.. 



CO. 



Lieutenant. . 



E 
B 



E 
B 
A 
P 
G 
G 
D 
A 
I 
H 
A 
D 
I 
A 
K 
K 
D 



SERVICE. 



ADDRESS. 



IstMich.Sbarpshooters 

'latPa. L.Art 

7th U. S. Vol 

Chicago B. of T. Bat ... 

T4thlll 

5th Iowa. 

35th Ind 

64th III _ 

48thN. Y. V 

;14th Vt 

4Tth Iowa 

1st Neb. Infan 

18th N. Y. Art 

41st Mo. Infan„ 

,l8t U. S. Art 

l8t Mo. L. Art. 

4th U.S. Infan 

5thU.S. Infan 

15th Mo. Infan 

106th 111 

IKthOhio V. Vol 

■1st Minn „. 



Ft. Keogh.. 

ForsyJi 

Miles City- 
Miles City. 
Miles City . 
Miles City.. 
Ft. Keogh.. 

Ft. Keogh.. 
MUes City.. 
Miles City- 
Miles City.. 
Miles City.. 
Ft. Keogh. 
Ft. Keogh.. 
Miles City.. 
Ft. Keogh.. 
Ft. Keogh.. 
Miles City.. 
Miles City. 
Ft. Keogh. 
Miles Cnty.. 



-77- 



Hunter, David 

Hillson, Frank 

Hughea, James 

Hale, John 

Harley, Michael 

Johnson J. W 

Keeper, K. A 

Kreidier, E. A 

Leonard, John 

Lansing, C. H 

Romeyn, Henry ...... 

Stadtmiller, C 

Schich, Adolph 

Slayer, Aug 

Savage, C. W 

Snider, S. E 

Seibelder, Anton , 

Sartln, W. A 

Snow, Edgar J 

Tyler. F. R 

Thompson, H. C 

Tooker, Gideon L 

Tully, John 

Vollinger, Jacob 

Whitea, Patton G 

Wheeler, Clinton 

Woodliff, John 

Wilson, Alphonso F 
Young, Chas 



Private... 
Private.. . 
Sergeant 
Private... 
Private... 
Private... 

Captain . 
Private... 
Private... 
Captain . 

Private... 
Corporal. 
Sergeant 
Bugler.... 
Private... 
Bugler.... 
Corporal, 
Private... 
Private... 
Corporal 

Saddler- 
Private... 
Private... 
Private... 
Private.. . 
Private... 



A 
B 
E 
G 
B 



A 
K 



F 
A 
D 
I 
F 
G 
B 

C 
G 
F 

B 
K 
H 
A 

F 



ZW Mo. Vol 

10th Mich. Infan. 
5th N. Y. Infan... 

3d U. S, Cav 

5th U. S. Infan ... 
45th Iowa 



60th N. Y. Vol. 

16th Mich 

IstN. Y 

14th U. S. C. I.. 



100th N.Y 

5th U. S. Infan.. 

list Minn 

4th W. Va. Cav. 

9th Ohio 

3d N.Y. Cav 

51st 111 

137th N. Y 

8th Pa. Cav 

10th N. Y 

184th N. Y 

4th U. S. Cav.... 
5th U. S. Infan... 
10th Ohio Cav... 

8th V. R. C 

8th Kan 

6th Ohio 



Omaha, Neb 

Miles City 

Ft. Keogb 

Ft. Keogh 

Miles City 

Miles City 

Ft. Keogh 

Miles City 

Miles City 

Miles Citv 

Ft. Keogh f 

Ft. Keogh 

Ft. Keogh _ 

Sdrs' Home, Wash., D. C. 

Miles City 

Miles City 

Ft. Keogh 

Ft. Yates, Dak 

Miles City 

Ft. Keogb 

Ft. Keogh 

Ft. Keogh 

Miles City 

Ft. Totten, Dak 

Miles City 

Sadie 

Miles City 

Sadie 

Miles City 



GEO. G. MEADE POST NO. 16. 

Anaconda. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

T. C. Davidson, Post Commander. 

J. S. Wisner, Senior Vice Commander. 

M. P. Spier, junior Vice Commander. 

James Kinney, Adjutant. 

A. Short, Quartermaster, 

E. Golder, Surgeon. 

T. J. Lamont, Chaplain. 

P. B. Gates, Officer of the Day. 

Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

John Connovan, Quartermaster Sergeant. 

PAST POST COMMANDER. 
Austin B. Gates. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


ADDRESS. 


Bishop, J. K 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 


G 
G 

C 
D 

H 
G 
K 

A 
H 


28th Iowa 




Bancroft G W 




Collins, R. (died Ap. 28, '88) 
Coniiovfin John 




3d Iowa Art 


Anaconda 


Collins, V. H 


185th Ohio 




Davidson TO 


Anaconda 


Golder Eber 


2l8t Iowa 


Anaconda 


Gates, Austin B. 


58th Pa 




KiniiGV .Tfuiies 


Anaconda 


Laniont. T J 


45th 111 


Anaconda 


Morley, N. H 


Private 


25th C. V 


Anaconda 


Short A . 


58th Pa 


Anaconda 


.Spier, M. B iPrivate 

Stevens, A. P Private 


Ulth N. Y 




l&id Ohio 


Anaconda 


Wisner, J. S Corporal 


6th Mich 


Anaconda 



-78- 
THOMAS* FRANCIS MEAGHER POST NO. 17. 

White Sulphur Springs. 

OFFICERS, 1888. 

lyouis Rotwitt, Post Commander. 

Wm. Luppold, Senior Vice Commander. 

C. P. Abbott, Junior Vice Commander. 

C. M. Waterman, Adjutant. 

J. C. Hussey, Quartermaster. 

H. K. Edwards, Surgeon. 

A. Watson, Chaplain. 

A. Bumgard, Officer of the Day. 

John Pizor, Officer of the Guard. 

Sergeant Major. 

Quartermaster Sergeant. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


ADDRESS. 


Abbott, Chas. P Private 


K 
E 
A 
G 
F 
C 
B 
A 

g 


IstN. Y. Art 


White Sulphur Springs . 
White Sulphur Springs . 

Castle 

White Sulphur Springs . 
White Sulphur Springs .. 
White Sulphur Springs .. 
White Sulphur Springs .. 
Castle 


Bumgard, A. I. Serceant 


56th N. Y. Infan 


Edwards, H. K 

Hussey, J. C 


Captain 

1st Lieut 


21st Wis. Infan 

10th Iowa Infan 

2d Iowa Cav 


Luppold, Wm 


Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 


Pizor, John 

Kotwitt, Louis 


100th Pa. Infan 

Fremont's Body Guard 

17th Wis. Infan 

35th Iowa Infan 


Saniford, John J 


Waterman, C Max 


White Sulphur Springs .. 
Diamond 


Watson, Alexander 


Private 


6th Wis. Cav 1 



DEPARTMENT ROSTER, 1888. 



Department Officers. 

JUNIUS G. SANDERS, Helena, . . Department Coinmander. 
HENRY ROMEYN, Ft. Keogh, . . Senior Vice Commander. 
VINING A. COOK, Boulder, . . . .Junior Viee Commander. 

EGON E. KOERPER, Boulder, Medical Director, 

REV. S. A. WALLACE, Billings, . Chaplain. 

Department Staff. 

JOHN MOFFITT, Helena, . . . Assistant Adjutant General. 

A. O. SIMONS, Helena, . . Assistant Quartermaster General. 

GEORGE W. GRANT, Livingston, ." Inspector. 

JAMES E. CALLAWAY, Virginia. City, . . Jiidge Advocate. 

J. D. JE:NKS, Butte, Chief Miistering Officer. 

I. D. Moore, Sheridan, Assistant Mustering Officer. 

Council of AdministratiorL 

M. C. Wilkinson, Ft. Custer. L. S. Willson, . . Bozeman. 
Chas. S. Shop:maker, . Butte. John S. Sloan, . . Missoula. 
A. S. Kellogg, . . Boulder. » 

Representatives at National Encampment. 

James H. Mills, Deer Lodge. Moses P. Wyman, Glendive. 

ALTERNATES. 

Robert E. Fisk, . . Helena. Jas. E. Callaway, Virginia. 

Aids-de-Camp. 

E. M. Walker, . . Ft. Custen J. B. Scott, ' . Butte. 

Jno. P. Donaldson, . . Helena. Patrick Fox, ..... Butte. 

B. F. Martz, . . . Deer Lodge. G. W. Rightenour, Sheridan. 
James B. Howe, . . Virginia. Jno. Skillin, . ^^ . Livingston. 

Fred. Hopp, Dillon. Jno. S. Axtell, . . Bozeman. 

James Young, . . . Missoula. Geo. W. Flanders, . Bozeman. 

Wilber M. Coleman, Glendive. S. S. Harper, .... Boulder. 

N. Borchardt, . . . Miles City. Frank R. St. John, . Billings. 

Augustus Short, . .Anaconda. William Deal, . . . Billings. 

Past Department Commanders. 

Thomas P. Fuller, Helena. 

Chas. S. Warren, Butte. 

El A C. Waters, Billings. 



* JUN 291900 » 




DEPARTMENT UFirOXTANA, 



Grand Army oF hbe l\epubliG. 




PROCEEDINGS 



^ I 



-OF THE - 



5tit attb 6tlj @ncampntent$^ 



1889. 1890. 



BOZEMAN. MONTANA. 

CHRONICLE, BOOK AND JOB PRINTING. 

1890. 






DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, 

-'<jGrQncl '^prpy oF bhie l\epubliG.t>^ 



SESSIOIsT 1889. 



FracBBdings nf the Sth Annual EncampmBnt, DBpartniBnt 
Di Montana, E-rand Army nf the Republic, 

The 5th Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, 
G. A. R., met at tlie Post room of Wadsworth Post No. 3, 
in Helena, Montana, on Tuesday, April 9th, 1889, at 12 m., 
Department Commander, Junius G. Sanders in the chair. 

Comrade Richard A. Craig of Post 3 was detailed as of- 
ficer of the day, and Comrade John Flemming of Post 1 and 
J. H. McKin/ie, Post 3 as inside Guards. 

The roll of officers was called, and the following were 
present: 

Officers of the Department. 

Commander, Junius G. Sanders, Post 3. 
Senior Vice-Commander, E. A. Kreidler, Post 14. 
Junior Vice-Commander, Vining A. Cook, Post 13. 
Medical Director, R. 31. Whitefoot, Post 10. 
Ciiaplain. S. A. Wallace, Post 15. 

OfRoia-l Staff 

Ass't. Adjt. Gen'l. John Moffitt, Post 3. 
Ass't. Q. M. Gen'l. A. O. Simons, Post 3. 
Inspector, Geo. W. Grant, Post 7. 
Judge Advocate, J. E. Callaway, Post 6. 
Chief Mustering Officer, J. D. Jenks, Post 2. 

Council of Administration. 

Lester S. Willson, Post No. 10. 

Chas. S. Shoemaker, P<«t No. 2. 

John L. Sloane, Post No. 11. 

A. S. Kellojrg, Post No. 13. 

J. R. Goss, Post No. 1 5 

Comrade S. E. Synder, Chaplain of Post No. 14, invoked 
the Divine blessing. 

A committee on credentials was appomted by the comman- 
der, consisting of Comrades H. S. Howell, of Post No. 6, 
Harry C. Kesslcr, of Post No. 2, John Skillin, of Post No. 7, 
and M. W. Weber, of Post No. 13. 

The committee sub.-^equently reported that there were 
entitled to seats in the Encampment the following named 
Comrades. 



Delegates and Alternates comprising the 5th Annual 
Encampment. 

Officers of the Depavtixient. 

Commander, Junius G. Sanders, Post 8. 
Senior Vice-Commander, E. A. Kreidler, Post 14. 
Junior Vice-Commander, Vining A. Cook, Post 13. 
Medical Director, R. M. Whitefoot, Post 10. 
Cnaplain. S. A. Wallace, Post 15. 

Official StafT 

Ass't. Adjt. Gen'l. John Moffitt, Post 3. 
Ass't. Q. M. Gen'l. A. O. Simons, Post 3. 
Inspector, Geo. W. Grant, Post 7. 
Judge Advocate, J. E. Callaway, Post 6. 
Chief Mustering Officer, J. D. jenks. Post 2. 

Council of Adiniiiistrjition. 
Lester S. Willson, Post No. 10. 
Cbas. S. Shoemaker, Post No. 2. 
John L. Sloane, Post No. 1 1. 
A. S. Kelloirg, Post No. 13. 
J. R. Goss, Post No. 1 5 

Past Department CoiniTianders. 

Thos. P. Fuller, Charles S. Warren, Ela C. \Yaters. 



JOHN BUFFORH POST NO. 1. 
Flirt Custer. 
Commander, >^amiiel K. Fi-ih'^r. 
Tast Post Com. Christian Hanson. 

'■ '• " J. K Aiacomher. 

" f " Curtii !<;. Price. 

" " *' Joseph Rein hard t. 

•' '• '* Josepli IJphini. 

Dkt^egatks. AJ.TKK.VATKS- 

.lohn Flemniinsr, Samuel Honds. 
Erastus M. Walker. Benj. Helms. 

I.INCOr.N PO.ST NO. 2. 
Butte (;i1y: 

Commander, Levi E. Holmes. 
Past Post Com. J. D. Jenks. 
" " " Chas. .s. Warren. 
•' " "^ Harry C. Ke.ssler. 
" •' C. s. .shoemiiker. 
•' •• P. R. I'olmati. 

I^F.I.KGATRS. Al/rKll.VAl"ES. 

Patrick Fox, (}€■<. lurreli 

Jolin Reiley, Samuel G. Smith. 
John Patterson, O. R. Benson. 

Simon Hauswirth, V. M. Barrett. 

WADSWORTH POST NO. 3. 
Helena 

Commander. Robt. E. P'isk. 

Pa>it Post Com. I hos. P. Fuller 
Robt c. \Vall!tcf> 
JuniU'4 G. "banders. 
R. A. r-raig 
Ge >. VV. Shaw. 

Altkkvates. 



Deleg.'tfs. 
James P. Dunn, 
J. W. Kinsley. 
Chas. K. Gage, 
Ed. S. Walker, 



T>KLEG\TKS 

W. H. Miller, 
E. B.Mills. 



Dkle«ate-s. 
Rilev Thompson, 
H. D. Rossiier, 



1>. G. -^illman. 

Thos. Connor:?. 

E. s. Kellojfg. 

Isaac Hall. 



GEO. H. THOM.\S POST NO. -1. 

Deer Lodgo 
Commander, Ja-i. It. .Mills. 
Past Post I'om- D. J . McMillan. 
" •• " tl. H Zenor. 
" " '• Lew Coieman. 
H. A. Smurr. 

.-Vr. rKKWTPH. 
II \. Smurr. 
Van Gundy 
CfJSTRR I'O^T NO. 5. 
Sheridan 
Commander, G. W Kiirhtenoir. 
Past Post Com. O. F. Parmeter. 
•' " '♦ 1,- l>. Moore. . 

L. Diokinson. 

Al.Ti-ltVA IKS. 

Win.M. .M^^iii-!. 
Thos. A. Booster. 

FRANK Br,AlR PO-^T NO. «. 
Virginia City. 
Commander, i'. P. Cos. 
Past Post Com. Jas. K. f^allaway. 
Henry N. Bl.tke. 
•' " " I'.ugene stark. 
J. li. Carrnthers. 
" ' Steve Gainaii. 
Dei.egxtes. 
H. S. Howell. 
C. N. Sprague. 

FARllAGUr POST NO. 7. 
Livingston. 
Commander, F. W. Wright. 
Past Post Com. Pierce iioopcs, .Tr. 
•' '• '■ Geo. T t'hambers. 
" ' •' <ieo. W. Grant. 
Jno. Skillin. 

Al.'l KKNATE. 

Ilu^o H'jppe. 



Delko \T'-. 
C. C. Fi field. 



Fred Kenneti. 
Ell Fisher. 



13. 



U.S. GRANT POST NO. U. 
Miles City. 

rommander, E. A. Kreldler. 
Pa-st Post Com. R. C. Webster. 

Delkg.ates. ^itkrnatf.s. 

(has. .\llen, Abraham Hull. 

Jno. Tully. v^'^m. Harmon. 

JNO. A. LOGAN PO'5T NO. 15. 
Hillings. 

Commander. Jos. Reinhardt. 
Past Post Com. Lucius Whitnty. 

DEr.EG^TES. Alternatks. 

O. Hoskins. Wm. neal. 

S. A. Wallace, A. P. Hart. 

GEO. G. MKADE POST NO. 16. 
Anaconda. 
Commander. C. T. Davidson. 
Past Post Com. Austin B. Gates. 

D^ll.t-G XTE-<. 

Eber Uolder. 
N. H. Morle.v. 

SHERID.\N PO=?TNO. 18. 
Great Falls. 

Commander, D. C. McGill. 

Dfi.egate Ai.tekxatk. 

F. George Heldt, Haml. Dean. 



SPEADMVN POST NO. 8. 
Dillon. 

Commander, Otho Klemra. 
Delkgat'--. Altehn.aie. 

H. D. Pickman, Robt. McDonald. 

WM. ENGLISH POST NO. U). 
H<)zeMian. 

Commander, Roirer Edwards. 
Psist Post Com. Eddy F Ferris. 

" " •' .1. M. Lindley. 

" " '• B. F. Osborne. 
'• •' W. Y. Smith. 

D KT.KG.A TES. A T^T E It V A T F.s. 

W. F. sanaers. It. M. Whiieloot. 
Geo. O. Eiitiiu, Oscar Van Tassel 1. 
G. W. Flanders. J. A. McKlroy: 

FRED WI-VI'HROP PCt.ST NO. U. 

Missoula. 
fommander, \V. .]. Livingston. 
Past Post Ci>m. Jno. I., sioane. 

' Will Kennedy. 

" " •' C. W. Lombard. 

Delegated. 
Jno .M. Sioane, 
C, W. Lombard, 
THOS. L. KANE PO.ST NO. i- 
Glendive. 
Delegate. 
MoseS P. Wyman. 

J. B. McPHEKSON POST NO 
Boulder. 

Commander, Will Kennedy. 
Past P'-)St v'om. \.. s. KellogiT. 
" " V. A. t«>ok. 
' '• •• Geo. Ten Eyck. 
•' •' •■ Lucious Wliitney. 

Deleg-tes. Alternatks. ! 

A Ion zo A. Marsh, ' W. M. Weber. i 
J. M. Kellogg. D. F.Shreve. | 

Report of Committee on Credentials was amended by 
placing the name of Comrade M. P. Wyman in the list as 
delegate from Tiios. L. Kane Post No. 12. 

Rt*cuss of half an ho;ir to witness inauguration of Gov. 
White. 

Department resumed, having witnessed the administra- 
tion of the oath of office bv Department Commander to Gov. 
B. F. White. 

The report of the Committee on Credentials was adopted. 

Address of Department Commander Sanders read and re- 
ferred to Comiades Callaway, Sioane, Kennedy Holmes and 
Kinsley. 
"Comrades of the Grand Army: 

We do not forget that this is an anniversary day. 

Twenty four years ago your sacrifices and toils culmi- 
nated in the practical surrender of the greatest array of the 
Rebellion, and thenceforth the unity of the Republic was se- 
cured. The ebb tide of carnage and blood had set in, and 
citizen and soldier, alike, watched with more anxious and 
more hopeful eyes for the white winged messenger of pesce. 
An event of such significance had not occured since the sur- 
render of the armies of Great Britain to Gen. Washington at 
Yorktown. 



Our labors during the four years of war mav very well 
be reviewed with feelinors of congratulation and pride. They 
made impossible further taunts, and demonstrated our country's 
ability to protect itself against domestic as well as foreign 
foes. 

The war illustrated the versatile character of the Ameri- 
can people, and showed how readily they could adapt them- 
selves, alike to the arts of war or peace. 

Without vanity, and with just pride, we can survey at 
this remote period that conquest, and recite the achievements 
of our countrymen without just cause of offense. 

The voluminous publications with which the press teems 
testify how strong a hold these achievements have taken on 
the public mind, and how deep are the interests which cluster 
around these events. 

We know who in that geeat struggle for National unity 
were right; we know who, in that warfare, manifested the 
highest qualities of courage and endurance, atd can safely 
leave to the future with its judgment of unfailing justice the 
record ot our deeds. 

It is because of what was then done that our nation 
stands so high. Its good name will be forever acknowledged 
and defended, and its power forever respected on land and 
sea. 

Our own attention and the attention of the public has 
been so addressed to that great event, that I think we have 
somewhat overlooked the achievements of our citizens soldiery 
in the arts of peace, in later years. 

It is difficult to conceive of the United States as they 
existed at the close of the Rebellion. 

One or two short railroads west of the Mississippi carried 
occasional emmigration toward the Missouri River. West of 
that great river not a locomotive or a State until we reach 
the confines of the Pacitic Ocean. This great region, con- 
stituting one half of the geographical area of tlie county, 
almost untraversed and unknown. Mineral wealth, such as 
no other country possessed hidden in the bowels of the earth, 
and patriots wonderingly inquiring whence should come the 
precious metals wherewith the credit of the Union was to be 
redeemed. How little did they appreciate the energy that 
remained after the great struggle; the enterprise that was 
directed into new paths or conquest; the resources that lay 
buried in this traditional and seeming waste west of the 
mighty Missouri River. 

Before the onward march of our discharged soldiery in 
search of fortune and fame the savage Indian has quailed, and 
asks now the modest opportunity to eke out his existence m 
poverty and in peace. His conquest was no mean struggle 
and it only dwindles beside the larger strife from which we 
had just emerged. 



o 



Over all that Uroail domain, then uninhal)ited, now rise 
cities that are the marvel of the country, and State after State 
arises, as if by magic, to demand recosjuition in this American 
Union. 

I think that the momentum that was pven to this West- 
ern migration may clearly be traced to the war of the Re- 
bellion. 

Twenty-four years have chang«'d the face of the Western 
world. It has disturbed the political and numerical equi- 
librium of the country. It is rapidly changing the political 
and financial centres, and this Western conquest is exciting, 
alike, the wonder and admiration of the American people. 

The dariuLT that was intensified by war, showed itself 
upon other fields of activity, and when" once the efforts of 
those who Avere fighting for the Union were finished, the 
victors turned to other fields of achievement and found on 
the Western half of the American Continent an inviting field 
of action. 

Who so could have witnes^ed this transformation of less 
than a quarter of a century, might well have wondered wheiice 
came the impetus that made it possible. They could have 
traced it to the intensified patriotism, and the serene con- 
fidence; to the increasing strength born of the war of the 
Rebellion. 

Fiom New Mexico to Montana, the soldiers of that war 
liave engaged in this peaceful conquest, and have written 
creditably their names upon its history. 

The period has arrived when they are rapidly passing 
away. Never again, is it probable, will they assemlde in our 
National Encampment, in such multitudes as they did at Col- 
umbus. Our assemblages may be fittingly occasions of self- 
congratulation and enjoyment. They should enable us to in- 
quire how we can best caiv for our needy comrades, their 
Avidows and or|)hans; how best we can strengthen that emblem 
of patriotism that will render all attempts to disintegrate our 
Republic impossible. 

Unquestionably the demands of our own commonwealth 
in the American Union as a State will have the effect of in- 
tensifying the patriotism of our people. Henceforth we are 
to be part and parcel of the great American Union, and one 
star upon its banner will be our own. With such high com- 
panionsiiip we shall easily walk worthy ot the deeds which 
are past and the duties which are before. 

And, so remembering that this Grand Army of the Re- 
public is to be what every comrade would make it, let each 
resolve that this last Encampment to be held in the Territory 
of Montana, shall, at its close, give cause to each and to all, of 
abundant gratification and rejoicing. 

The Report of the Ass't. Adjt. Gen'l. is comprehensive 
in its details, and shows a net gain in membership for the 



— 6— 

yearendinor Dee. 31, 1888, of 61, against a gain of 23 for the 
year previous. 

This result is gratifying when we take into consideration 
the fact that our h)sses were heavy by reason of transfer of 
the regular troops from this department; the loss from trans- 
fer alone amounting to 48 — an increase ot 32 as compared 
with the year previous. 

The report of the Ass't. Q. M. Gen'l. to date shows a 
balance of Department Funds in his hands, of three hundred 
and 74-100 dollars. 

Considering the extraordinary drafts made upon our re- 
sources during the last year the result is all that could be 
expected. 

Since our Isst Encampment two new posts have been or- 
ganized in this Department as follows: 

Thomas Francis Meagher Post No. 17 at White Sulphur 
Springs, and Sheriilan Post No. 18 at Great Falls. 

Post No. 17, after a valiant effort on the part of its 
officers to retain its organization, finally concluded to sur- 
render its charter. The inability of the comrades to be present 
at the regular meetings, owing to the distance which many 
resided therefrom, was the principle cause of its discontinuance. 

The enthusiastic interest exiiibited bv the members of 
the order at the organization of Sheridan Post No. 18 jus- 
tifies me in the belief that this vviil, at no distant day, become 
a prosperous post. 

Early in the year, by the transfer of the 2iid and 5th 
U. S. Infantry from Montana to other stations, this Depart- 
ment lost a number of its most useful and zealous members 
and among them three Department officers, viz: 

Comrade Henry Roraeyn, Senior Vice Commander; Com- 
rade Egon E. Koerper, Medical Director, and Comrade ^I. C. 
Wilkinson, member of the Council of Administration. Upon 
being officially advised of the witiu^awl from their posts in 
this Departments, the members of the Council of Adminis- 
tration were called upon to fill xU^ vacancies in the offices 
thus existing, which result^'d in the selection of Comrade E. 
A. Kreidler of Post No. 14, as Senior Vice-Commander; 
Comrade R. M. Whitefoot of Post No. 10, as .Medical 
Director, and Comrade James R. Goss of Post 15 as member 
of the Council of Administration. 

These officers were duly installed as such at the next 
regular meetinjj of their respective posts after their election, 
by special orders from these headquarters. 

The Published Proceetlinss. 

The committee appointed by resolution of the 4th annual 
encampment to prepare and have printed the proceedings of 
the four Encampments held in this department, have performed 
their duties, and will make reports thereof to this Encamp- 



inent. The proceedings have been distributed to the several 
posts of the Deparlnjent pro rata. 

The sum appropriated for this purpose was insufficient 
and a bill will he presented to you to cover the deficiencv. 

The committee have performed their duty well, consider- 
ing: the data they had at hand, and are entitled to the thanks 
of this encampment. 

The rosters published with the proceedings are not all 
tnat could be desired, but they will form a basis for future 
publications, which we hope will be much improved. 

Owins: to the failure of the officers of John A. Loiran 
Post, No. ] 5, to forward to headquarters the roster of the 
Post, this was omitted from the published proceedings. 

In this connection I would recommend that in future 
publications there be a memorial page upon which should be 
inscribed the roll of the dead. 



The last encampment ap|>ropriated the sum of ^^50 to de- 
fray the ex|)enses of the delcLrates to the 23rd National En- 
i-ampment in obtaining suitable rooms for headquarters of the 
Montana delegation. Subsecpiently, rooms for the purpose, 
in the State Capitol at Columbus were tendered the delega- 
tion, free of charge, and upon the suggestion of Comrade 
Mills this sum was devoted to the purchase of a Department 
banner. 

I hope that my action in this matter will meet with your 
approval. I wouUl suggest that the name of each city at 
which the National Encaxnpments have been held since the 
organization of this Department be inscribed on the banner. 

As directed by tlie last encampment, I have ascertained 
from National headquarters that there is no prescribed form 
for the installation of department officers. This, it would 
seem to me, would be a proj)er subject for your consideration, 
to the end that the question may be brought to the attention 
of the National Encampment, next. 

The rules and regulations require that the department 
officers shall be properly installed, and it seems eminently 
proper that some form should be adopted for the guidance of 
Departnients. 

Quiivterls' Report of Fosts. 

It would seem that nothing could be added to what has 
already been said in General Orders and otherwise of the 
great annoyance caused by the failure of officers of posts to 
make prompt reports to department headquarters. 

One or two posts will keep back the entire department in 
its re}K)rts to National headquarters. And in this connection 
I would say that this neglect nearly cost the department its 
representation ia the last National Encampment. I cannot 



— 8— 

too forcibly impreSiS upon the niiiuls of officers of subordinate 
posts the necessity of a reform in this respect. The proper 
time to make these reports is upon the evening of the last 
meeting of the Post in the quarter, 'i'he business of the 
quarter closes at that time, and there is no reason why the 
reports should not then be forwarded. 

s. o. -V. 

At the last National Knoampment the order of the Sons 
of Veterans received official recognition and a committee was 
appointed with a view to strengthening that organization. 
This resulted in the consolidation of the "Camps and Posts" 
system, under the name of "Camps of Sons of Veterans," the 
members thereof being designated as "Comrades," and the 
officers taking the same rank as the officers of the Grand Army 
of tlie Republic. Recently a new division has been formed, 
embracing the territories of Montana, Idaho, Washington and 
the state of Oregon, all under the command of the division 
commander of Montana. 

In this Department there are five organized camps with 
a membership of nearly 200, and a prospect of several new 
camps being organized in the near future. 

Political Caixipa.ijrn. 

At no time since its organization has the Grand Army 
of the Republic had an opportunity to demonstrate so clearly 
to the world, its non-partisan principles, as in the last national 
political campaign. Involving, as it did, the conlinuance in 
tlie exalted office of President, of the man who was the author 
or promulgator of the "Flag Order," and who had been 
charged, whether justly or unjustlv, it is not our province at 
this time to say, with liaving invoked the veto power harshly 
and unjustly against those of our comrades whom congress 
had declared to be deserving, is a source of gratification to all, 
and should be convincing beyond a question to the pul>lic at 
large, to know that in no instance has our organization been 
drawn into a controversy of a partisan nature. 

Old soldiers are jealous of the rights of their comrades; 
are ever ready to assist and defend those who are deserving, 
and upon all occasions are ready to maintain whatever 
position they may assume with fidelity and honor; V)ut, when 
associated together as comrades in the Post room, around the 
"camp fire" or at the banquet board, all partisan feelings are 
dispelled, and they vie with each other in the exemplification 
of those cardinal principles of our order — "Fraternity, Ciiarity 
and Loyalty." 

Death. 

Death has dealt gently'with our order during the year 
just closed, the record showing eight deaths in this depart- 



— 9— 

ment against 12 for the previous year. 

While this result is gratifying, yet we cannot be deceived 
by this apparent halt in the march of the Great Destroyer; 
the death roll cannot diminish for we are on the march to the 
•^bivouac of the dead," the shadows lengthen behind us, and 
each year will bring us new sepulchres in the garden of death. 

We stand silent and uncovered in the presence of these 
departed comrades wnose "final statements have been made 
up," and whom we trust haye received their reward. 

"Rest OH. embalmed and sainted dead. 

Dear as ihe b'ood you jrave. 
No impious footstep oere sliaM tread 

Tiie iierbiige of your Krave. 
Nor shall your glory be forgot, 

W bile Fame her record l^eeps. 
Or Honor paints tlie hallowed spot 

Where vaior proudly sleeps." 



To the Assistant Adjutant General, Assistant Q. M. Gen- 
eral, and other officers of the department, I extend my hearty 
thanks for their co-operation, and the faithful manner in 
which they have discharged their duties. Ever watchful of 
the interests of the department, loyal and faithful to the 
Commander, and ready to perform every task, 1 have for 
them but words of praise and thanks. 

Comrade^: We have reached the close of another cam- 
paign, and are now assembled to consider its results; and to 
organize for new conquests. 

How successful have been the efforts of those whom you 
have chosen for your leaders for the past year is for you to 
judge and for history to record. 

I shall never cease to feel grateful to you for the honor 
you have conferred upon me, and hope you may never have 
reason to regret your action. 

To have been thus honored by my comrades was a distinc- 
tion never hoped for, and now, as I take my place in the 
ranks, it is with the hope that I shall be received with that 
feeling of fraternity born only of companionship of old soldiers; 
that my shortcomings shall be judged by that charity which 
IS kind, and that we shall all render to my successor that 
loyalty which has characterized your action toward me in 
the year now past. Junius G. Sanders, 

Dept. Commander. 

Keport of Ti-ss't. ^djt. GS-en'l. 

Headquartks, Department of Montana, I 
Helena, Montana, April 9, 1889. \ 
Junius G Sandi'rs. Departmnif Commandrr 

Dear Sir and Comrade: — As required by the rules and 
regulations I have the honor herewith to submit the following 
report of the transactions of this office tor the year ended 
Dec. .31, 1888. 



—10— 

On Dec. 31, 1887, there were in ojood standins: 15 Posts 

and 506 members. On Dec. 31, 1888, there were 15 Posts 

and 567 members which would make a small increase of 61. 

The following are the gains and losses during the year 

as per official report: 

Membership in good standing Dec. 31', 1887, 506. 
Gains — By muster in - - - - 109 
By Transfer - - . - . . 1.3 
By Reiri statement ' - - - 41 
By Reinstatement f?om delinquent re- 
ports - - 116 

Total gains - - - 

Aggregate - - - - . 
Losses — By death . . . . . 
. By honorable discharge 
By transfer 
--jti--_ii.u By suspension - - - - 

'■ ^' Bv dishonorable discharge : 



o 



279 


785 




12 


28 


170 


1 



•<1< . 



OfA 



Total losses - - 218 

Number remaininsr in good standing 567 

Net gain during the vear - - 61 

Financial Exhibit. 



Cash balance on hand March 24, 1887 in hands of Ass't. 
Q. M. Gen'l. - .... $387.84 

Capitulation tax rec'd during vear - - 564.50 

Cr. 
By Ass't. Q. M. Gen'l. Voucher No. 1 - 99.75 

By Ass't. Q. M. Gen'l. Voucher No. 2 - 119.25 



I," 


• '■ « 




11 




(i 




3 - 
4 


34.00 
- 157.25 


,•■ 


a 


It 


i: 


It 


" v 


u 


5 


129.75 




(. 


(.i_ 


a 


Total 


a 


(( 


6 


25.50 




- $664 50 



The Francis Meagher Post No. 17 of W. S. Springs 
organized with but ten members, during tue year lost four 
charter members, and not being sufficiently able 10 gain 
recruits to fill up their ranks were compelled to surrender 
their charter. 



There has been expended during the year, as per reports 
received, 1291.10 for the relief of members or their families. 



There has been issued from this office during your ad- 
ministration seven general orders, six general orders, six 



—-11 — 

special orders, 1 5 general orders and ten circulars received 
from National Headquarters, and been officially distributed 
to the posts of the department, together with mailing of 650 
copies of proceedings of the 2d, 3d and 4th Annual Encamp- 
ments of this department, and 25 copies of the National En- 
campment held at Columbus, O., Sept 12, 1888. 

I would most earnestly call the attention of Post Com- 
manders, Adjutants and Quartermasters to Sec. 1, Art. 11, 
Chap.X, Rules and Regulations in relation to quarterly reports. 

While some are very prompt in forwarding reports others 
are very neglectful. If all posts would have a correct report 
in the hands of the Ass't. Adjt. Gen'l., the lirst days of Jan. 
Apr. Julv and Oct., it would lighten the labors of the officer 
very much, and enable him to consolidate and forward his 
report to National Headquarters within the time prescribed. 



•In closing this, my annual report, I tender to you, Com- 
mander, mv sincere thanks for your partiality and confidence 
in selecting me for this honorable and responsible position, 
which I have endeavored to fulfill to the best of my ability, 
and to the Dept. Officers, the Staff and Comrades generally 
I tender my cordial thanks for assistance, courtesy and kind- 
ness extended. Yours in F. C. and L. 

(Signed) Jxo. Moffitt. 
Helena, Apr. 9, 1889. 

We, the undersigned Council of Administration, having 
examined the report of the A. A. G , found the same correct 

J. G. Sanders, A. S. Kellogg, 
G. N. Grant, Jno. S. Sloane. 

He:>dcxuart«i'B A.ssistant Q. ]V1. Gren.'!. 

Department of Montana, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, v 

Helena, Apr. 9, 1889. ) 
Junius G Sanders Department Commandtr 

Comrade: — I have tb.e honor to herewith submit the 
following report of this office since March 24, 1888 to the 
present time: 

Receipts. 

Cash on hand from Past A. Q. M. Gen. - $387.84 
" per capita tax first quarter - . 141.00 

u .',tt-,^. « I:.," second quarter - - 139.25 
u. jtt; :,.« , « third quarter - - 145.00 

<■' " " " fourth quarter - - 142.00 

" sale of supplies . . . . 228.84 

$1,183.93 



— 12— 
X)is"bu.iseiTien.ts. 

Paid per capita National Dept. - - $ 10. V9 

Supplies ----.. 175.52 

Printing . - . . . 218.50 

Blank book A. A. G. - - - - 2.60 

Postage and envelopes - - - - 21.03 

Prepairing records for publication - - - 20.00 

Department banner - -. - 70.00 

Express and cartage - - - - 13 75 

Expense Inspector General - - 150.00 

Salary, E. C. Culver A. A. G. - - - 50.00 

Salary, John Moffitt - - - 150.00 



$882.19 
Balance on hand, - - - $301.74 $1,183.93 
Yours in F. C. and L., 
A. O. Simons, 

A. Q. M. G., Dep't. of Montana. 
We, the members of the Council of Administration, have 
examined the report of A. Q M. G. and iind them correct. 

A. S. Kellogg, G. N. Grant. 

Jno. S. Sloane, J. G. Sanders. 



Office of Inspector General, 
department of montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 
To the Ass't. Adjl Gml . Department of Montana, G. A. R , Apr 8, 1889. 

Comrade: — I have the honor to submit the following re- 
port of duties performed by me during the past year. I have 
visited all the posts in the Department that could be reached 
by railroad, except VVm. English Post, and on account of 
chancre in the time of holdins: the regular meetintj of said 
Post, I failed to meet with them. 

The posts visited by me as inspector were as follows: 
Fred Winthrop, No. 11; Geo. H. Thomas, No. 4; Geo. G. 
Meade, No, 16; Lincoln, No. 2; Steadman, No. 8; Wads worth. 
No. 3; John A. Logan, No. 15; Farragut, No. 7; Thos. L. 
Kane, No. 12; U. S. Grant, No. 14; J. B. McPherson, No. 13; 
— 11 in all. 

Owing to the distance many comrades live from the 
places of the meeting, and the difficulty which exists in most 
towns of using the same hall for so many differert societies, it 
was, and is impossible to meet all the posts on the night of 
their regular meeting, and consequently very difficult to get a 
quorum together at a special meeting, and in many instances, 
the only inspection that could be made was of the books and 
papers and money accounts. In every instance I found all the 
money of the diiferent posts properly accounted for, but in 
many instances very little attention was paid to the form of 
keeping the books in addition to the questions on the printed 



—13— 

form n.; others were nsked as follows: 

Number of soldier ininales of charitable institutions, 
number of soldiers' widows or orphans dependent upon char- 
ity, and 1 take pride and ])leasure in reporting that I did not 
find a single instance of either a soldier or tiie widow or oi^- 
])han of soldiers that were left to the cold charity of the world. 
Careful inquiry disclosed the fact that very much was being 
done by the comrades privately for the families of deserying 
soldiers of which there was no record made, which makes it 
impossible to make a correct estimate of the amouut contrib- 
uted by the Department for charitable purposes. 

Deaths were reported to me, w'hich for the number of 
comrades in the Department is very small, only half as many 
as were reported the preceding year. 

I found that some of the posts had never been properly 
instructed in the manner of conducting their meetings or 
musters I found some of the posts that nad never been in- 
structed in the unwritten work at rH, which I think was a very 
grave neglect of the musteiing officer who mustered the post. 

Comrades, owing to circumstances, over which I had no 
control, I have been delayed in making my report until it is 
too late to make it as full and complete as I would like; but 
if the Department will excuse this short report, I will, before 
the proceediras of this Encampment are published, make out 
a more full and complete one, and submit the same to the 
present Commander and Adjutant for their approval. 

And now, in concluding this report, I want to thank the 
officers and comrades of all the posts for the courtesy and 
kindness shown me when visiting the different posts as De- 
partment Inspector. 

All of which I most respectfully submit in F. C. and L., 

G. N. Grant, Inspector 

OliTICE OF THE JuDGE ADVOCATE GeXERAL, j 

Department of Montana, G. A. R., V 
ViROiNiA, Montana, April 6, 1889. ) 

To John Moffilt. Axst. A<1jt General, Dipt, of Montana, G A. R : 

Comrade: — I have the honor to report that during the 
past year our comrades of this Department have behaved with 
the most becoming propriety. No complaint has been made 
or charges preferred against any comrade. <. 

With congratulations to you upon the success of your ad- 
ministration, and to our comrades upon the prosperity of our 
society, I have the iionor to be in F. C. and L., 

Your Comrade, J. E. Callaway, 

Judge Advocate General. 



Deer Lodge, Montana, March 31, 1889. 
John yf'iffiU, Ailjt General Dept. of Montana, G. A. 11 : 

Dear Sir and Comrade: — Having been elected at the 



—14— 

Fourth Annual Encampment of the Department of Montana 
G. A. R. one of the representatives thereof to the Twenty- 
second National Encampment to be held at Columbus, Ohio, 
September 12-14, 1888, and attended the same, I have the 
honor to make the following report: 

No other representatives, alternates or officers of the De- 
partment being present at Columbus on the morning of Sep- 
tember 10th, I opened Headquarters for the Department of 
Montana in the State Capitol, displayed the banner of the 
Department and opened a department and visitors' register 
which is now in your possession. The following members of 
the Department registered therein during the encampment: 

1. James H.^Mills, Geo. II. Thomas Post No. 4. 

2. J. P. Donaldson, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

3. George Turrell, Lincoln Post No. 2. 

4. J. H. Beur, Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4. 

5. T. C. Davidson, Geo. G. Meade Post No. 16. 

6. C. B. Newbury, Wadworth Post No. 3. 

7. A. T. Newbury, Wadworth Post No. 3. 

8. R. C. Wallace, Wadworth Post No. 3. 

9. P. R. Dorman, Lincoln Post No. 2. 

10. O. C. Rinker, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

11. H. A. Smurr, Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4. 

12. Rich. Hoback, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

13. Henry Romeyn, U. S. A. 

14. John'W. Gilbert, Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4. 

15. W. F. Sanders, W. F. English Post No. 10. 
During the day Senior Vice Commander, Henry Romeyn, 

a comrade we all highly esteem, arrived, and took charge and 
appointed the undersigned Acting Adjutant. His subsequent 
transfer to the Department of Texas, which we deeply regret, 
devolves upon me doubly the duty of making this report. 

The parade on Tuesday, Sept. 11, 1888, was the largest 
and grandest procession of Union soldiers there has been on 
the continent since the armies of Grant, Sherman and Meade 
passed into the great review at Washington in 1805. 

Columbus is a magnificent city, with broad avenues arch- 
ed with trees, then in their glory. The day was perfect. In 
its sunlight, along those avenues, with every building for miles 
covered with red, white and blue in all the gorgeous designs 
in silk and bunting that artistic ingenuity could devise, and 
lavish expenditure procure; under the eyes of 200,000 spec- 
tators who were m:f?sed from curb to curbing stone and rent 
the air with continuous and responsive cheers; in a city >v'hose 
patriotic people had filled the whole atmosphere with generous 
welcome; under brilliant flags and banners marched to the 
music of 163 bands, sixty thousand veterans of the war for 
the Union, who, despite their aveiage age of 52, their whiten- 
ing hairs, and here and there a crutch and armless sleeve, went 
swinging along at the old step, and looked that yet, were the 



— 15— 

Union or the Flag in peril, they would shake a quarter of a 
century from their being and again do honor to the name of 
the "Old Guard." It was in all respects a magnificent parade 
by the survivors of armies the world has never exeelled. 

The Department of Montana as a junior organization 
was assigned to the Seventeenth Division, and lay in position 
from 9 a. ra. to 3 p. m., before its turn came to fall into line 
for the three-mile march. To its credit be it^aid that, not- 
withstanding the delay and distance, it wheeled into line with 
thirteen members in ranks, marched over the entire route, and 
had fourteen members in line when dismissed The explana- 
tion is that the veteran and honored comrade, General Nathan 
Kimball, Commander of the Department of Utah, came to 
our ranks en route, said his Department was unrepresented in 
parade, claimed the Department of Montana as a child of his 
own, and asked to march with it in review. He was heartily 
welcomed and we trust his gratification was as great as was 
the pride of Montana in its illustrious recruit. 

Your representative was honored in the encampment by 
appointment on tlie committee of resolutions. While other 
matters, full report of which will be found in the Journal of 
the Encampment, occupied its attention, the principal matter 
before the committee was the attitude the Grand Army should 
take on the question of pensions. The pension committee 
appointed by the Twenty-first Encampment had reported their 
efforts to secure action on the disability bill, and other desired 
legislation in Congress had been thwarted, and they laid the 
responsibility therefor on the Chairman of the House Com- 
mittee on invalid pensions. They stated he had not reported 
the bill and had it placed on the calender, although persist- 
ently urged, until it would be impossible to reach it during 
the session, and even then the report was mongrel and picay- 
unish, and entirely at variance with the bill recommended by 
the Pension Committee. The Committee asked that the susr- 
gestions of last year be reaffirmed and another vigorous cam- 
paign commenced for the disability bill. The spirited debate 
on the motion to adopt this report brought out the fact, that 
while the action of the committee was approved, a strong ele- 
ment of the Encampment had determined not only to urge 
the Dependent pension bill, but to take advanced ground on 
the pension question, and demand as a matter of right and 
justice, the allowance of a service pension for all soldiers who 
had served in the Union armies during the rebellion. The 
report was adopted as read, but, as indicated, the question 
again came before the committee on resolutions. Each mem- 
ber of the committee was asked separately to state his views 
on the question. I said this Department was on record in 
favor of the disability bill; that while the question of a ser- 
vice pension had not been officially submitted to the several 
posts of the Department, the report of its representative to 



— 16— 

the Twenty-first National Encampment had advocated a ser- 
vice pension, and had been adopted and favorably received, 
and that, in view of the fact. Congress, by inaction at least, 
had denied the pittance the Grand Array had asked to keep 
its dependent comrades from the almsliouses. I believed the 
large majority, at least, of the Department of Montana was 
now in favor of taking a step ahead and asserting the duty of 
the Government to tender a service pension to all who had 
served in the* Union armies, and that I would so vote. 

The majority of the committee favored the service pen- 
sion, and resolutions were adopted in committee 10 to 2 and 
afterward by the Encampment 446 to 22 declaring the En- 
campment favored the presentation to Congressof a bill which 
will give to soldiers and sailors wiio served sixty days or more, 
between April, 1861, and July, 1865, a service pension of 88.00 
per month, and to all who served over 800, an additional 
amount of 1 cent per day for each day's service exceeding 
that period. 

The resolutions also contained approval of the disability 
bill. As time passes, the difficulty of procuring the necessary 
proof, under the rules in force applying to the present laws, 
are increasing to an extent that, in many cases, renders it im- 
possible tor those justly entitled to procure the required proof. 
I trust this Encampment will give this subject consideration, 
and provide that the representatives to the next National En- 
campment may have an expression from the Department tliat 
will leave no doubt of its attitude on the Dependent and Ser- 
vice pension bills. 

A pleasant incidence was the presence of Commander 
Abbott of the Sons of Veterans before the committee, solicit- 
1112: the recotjnition bv the G. A. R. of the orixanization he 
represented. lie made a well received address, assuring the 
Grand Army, the highest ambition of the Sons was to emulate 
the patriotism of their sire^; to be guided by their counsels, 
to take their places as defenders of the Republic, should oc- 
casion ever require, and, as the Grand Army diminished, and 
they increased in numbers, to see that the a<jjeing veterans 
were dealt with justly and kindly, and keep the memories of 
the fallen, green. All they asked was to have the formal 
recognition of the Grand Army, and its -'God bless you." A 
resolution of recognition was unanimously adopted in the 
Encampment. The Sons of Veterans Avere unfortunately di- 
vided by some trivial estrangement. I notice since, that on a 
basis suggestCid by a commission of Grand Army men, they 
have become reconciled and happily reunited. Their num- 
bers have now increased to 70.000, and it will be but a few 
years until their numbers exceed those of the Grand Array. 
All their principles are patriotic and pure, and comrades will 
be doing a noble duty in assisting and encouraging the forma- 
tion and prosperity of camps wherever possible. The average 



age of the members of the (t. A. R. is over 52; their average 
death age is 56. The loss liy death in the year ending March 
31, 1888, was 443, so that, notwithstanding the membership 
of the Grand Army of the Republic at that date was 354,216, 
the order probably has reached nearly its maximum, and with- 
in a few years must rapidly diminish, until, in many places 
where strong posts now flourish, the camps of the Sons of 
Veterans will take the place of posts, and perhaps their lines 
and quarters be opened lo honorary membership, and their 
camp fires be the only ones by which isolated veterans of the 
G. A. R. may sit. Should not the recognition of the National 
Encampment be supplemented by every encouragement the 
Department of Montana can give them? 

At the fourth annual encampment held at Miles City $50 
were appropriated from the Department funds to establish 
and maintain in Montana Headquarters at the ensuing Na- 
tional Encampment. The magnificent hospitality that char- 
acterized every act of the citizens of Columbus during the 
Encampment found one method of expression in tendering to 
every Department free quarters in the State Capitol or else- 
where, and that expense being obviated. Commander Sanders 
directed the amount that had been appropriated be devoted to 
the purchase of a banner for this department. The splendid 
one now displayed at this encampment is the result. It was 
carried in the Columbus parade, as I trust it will be in many 
succeeding ones; and, if I may be permitted, I recommend 
that the name of each city where it is so carried in National 
Encampment, be emblazoned upon it, as in the olden days the 
names of the engagements where borne were placed upon the 
regimental coloi-s as a title of houor. 

A matter of serious inconvenience to representatives of 
this Department heretofore has been the fact that the Depart- 
ment furnished no badges to its members at the National En- 
campmeiits. All departments weardistinctive badges. Some 
have emblems or designs tliat are worn year after year and 
become a familiar and welcome distinction. But the pro- 
curanceof even an ordinary badge for the Department in the 
rush and confusion of the first day or two at a National En- 
campment, is well nigh impossible, aside from the delay. I 
respectfully recommend that a Montana badge or emblem be 
selected; that they be procured in advance of the National 
Encampment and that the representatives thereto, or the De- 
partment officers attending be prepared to supply attending 
comrades on arrival. If the emblem or badge selected is 
somewhat expensive, I have no doubt each attending comrade 
would be glad to reimburse the Department and retain the 
badge as a souvenir. 

In conclusion, I earnestly urge comrades, especially those 
who have not done so, to attend a National Encampment. 
They are love feasts of patriotism, reunion and comradeship. 



—18— 

You will he proud to see your old comrades, to witness the 
honors so generously given tbera the generations succeeding 
us in the activities of life, and it will do your hearts good to 
be again among so many survivors of that mighty host who 
in years long gone battled for our glorious Union. They are 
passing swiftly away. A few more years will end the great 
parades, even should you survive. Seize the opportunity, you 
who may, to attend the coming encampment at Milwaukee. 
1 am, very respectfully in F. C. and L., 

James H. Mills. 

Report of Delegate James H. Mills to the Twenty-second 
National Encampment at Columbus, Ohio, having been read 
was referred to Comrades Callaway, Sloane, Kennedy, Holmes 
and Kinsley. Comrade W. F. Sanders presented the follow- 
ing resolution: 

Resolved, That this Encampment receives with tiianks 
the report of James H. Mills, representative to the Twenty- 
second National Encampment of the G. A. R., and that it ap- 
proves of- his action thereat, particularly his action touching 
the service pension bill, to be presented to Congress for pass- 
age by it as a law of the country, and on motion it was unan- 
imously adopted. 

Department Commander announced that the time had ar- 
rived for the election of officers and nominations for Depart- 
ment Commander were in order. 

Comrade Fuller nominated Comrade Eddy F. Ferris, Post 
10; Comrade Sanders nominated James E. Callaway, Post 6; 
Comrade Holmes nominated D. J. McMillan, Post 4. 

Committees were appointed to receive, count and sort 
votes for the various officers and the following named com- 
rades were elected to the offices named: 

For Department Commander, Jas. E. Callaway, Post 0. 

Senior Vice Commander, Harry C. Kessler, Post 2. 

Junior Vice Commander, Geo. T. Chambers, Post 7. 

Medical Director, 'Wintield S. Norcross, Post 3. 

Chaplain, S. E. Snyder, Post 14. 

Council of Adininistralion. 
John Moffitt, Post 3. N. H. Morley, Post 16. 

C. S. Shoemaker, Post 2. John L. Sloaue, Post 11. 
Geo. F. Cowan, Post 13. 



Recess to 7 p. m. 

Representatives to the Twenty-third National Encam])- 
ment, Eddy F. Ferris, Post 10; Vining A.Cook, Post 13. 

Alternates, E. A. Kreifller, Post 14; Simon Hauswirth, 
Post 2. 

By an unanimous ballot Livingston was designated as the 
place tor holding the sixth annual encampment. 



—19— 
Report of Special Coinmittee 

On reports of Department Commander and delegate to the 

National Encampment. 
To the Department Commander and Encampment: 

Your ("ommittee to which was referred the reports of the 
Department Commander and the delegate to the Twenty- 
second National Encampment, begs leave to report as follows: 

In reference to the report of the Department Commander 
concerning the published roster, your committee would recom- 
mend that the Commander of the posts in the department and 
their Adjutants be instructed to carefully prepare the printed 
rosters with their respective descriptive rolls and return to 
the Assistant Adjutant General a corrected roster of their 
respective posts. 

Your committee approves the recommendation for a me- 
morial page in future published reports of the Encampment, 
and would suggest that it be made the duty of the Assistant 
Adjutant General to prepare such a page in future printed 
reports. 

The tranfer of the fund to provide headquarters at the 
National Encampment, to purchase a banner for the Depart- 
ment is most heartily approved, as is also the suggestion in 
regard to the placing of the names thereon of the cities in 
which the banner is carried at National Encampments. 

The recommendation in regard to a form of installation 
of Department officers is approved, and the committee would 
recommend that the delegation to the National Convention be 
instructed to bring the matter to the attention of that body. 

The committee heartily endorses the remarks of the Com- 
mander in regard to the promptness in Post reports, and 
would urge upon Post Commanders and Adjutants the im- 
portance of the subject concerning the report of Delegate 
Mills. Your committee approves of his suggestion in regard 
to a Deportment badge, and would recommend the appoint- 
ment of a special committee, consisting of Comrades \V. F. 
Sanders, Geo. W. Shaw, P. R. Dolman, H. A. Smurr, and E. 
A. Kreidler, to devise a badge for the use of this Encamp- 
ment at National Encampments; said committee to report at 
this session of the Department Encampment. 

The committee also approves the action of Delegate 
Mills in regard to pensions in the National Encampment, and 
would recommend that the delegates to the next National 
Encampment be instructed to support all measures which favor 
the enactment of a service pension law by the Congress of 
the United States. 

All of which is most respectfully submitted in Fraternity, 
Charity and Loyalty, 

Levi K. Holmes, J as. E. Callaway, 

Will Kennedy, John L. Sloane, 

J. W. Kinsley. 



— :^0 — 

Comrade W. F. Sanders from the badge committee made 
a verbal report and asked for further time. On motion the 
entire question was placed in the hands of the committee, and 
the committee was granted its own time to complete the 
work. 

Comrade Eaton called up the subject of the Inspector's 
duties. The subject was discussed by Comrades Eaton, Dol- 
man, and W. F. Sanders, but no action taken. 

Comrade Eaton moved that the A. A. General's salary 
for the coming year be fixed at §150, and that §50 be appro- 
priated for the use of the delegate at the National Encamp- 
ment. Comrade Sloane moved to amend by appropriating 
$150 to pay the expenses of the Department Commander in 
visiting posts. Carried. 

Motion of Comrade Eaton as amended was then adopted. 

Chief mustering officer J. D. Jenks proceeded to install 
the Department officers-elect for the ensuing year as follows: 

Department Commander, Jas. E.Callaway. 

Senior Vice Commander, Harry C. Kessler. • 

Junior Vice Commander, Geo. T. Chambers. 

Medical Director, W. S. Norcross. 

Chaplain, Rev S. E. Snyder. 

Department Commander then announced his staflf officers 
as follows: 

Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. H. F. Osborne, Post 10. 

Asst. O. M. Gen'l' Lew Coleman, Post 4. 

Inspector, W. A. Kennedy, Post 18. 

Judge Advocate, J. W. Kinsley, Post 8. 

Ciiief Mustering Officer, George W. Rightenour, Post 5. 
And they were duly installed. 



Resolution, of Thanks. 

The following resolution offered by Comrade Edwards, 
Post No. 10: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this encampment are here- 
by tendered Comrade Palmer and the members of Wadsworth 
Post No. 8, for hospitalities and courtesies extended to the 
oth Annual Encampment of the Grand Armv of the Republic. 

Offered by uomrade P. R. Dolman, of Post No. 2: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this encampment are here- 
by tendered Department Commander .Funius G. Sanders, 
Asst. Adjt. Gen'l Jno Moffitt, Asst. O. M. Gen'l A. O. Simons, 
and all other retiring officers for the able manner in which 
they have conducted the affairs of the Department for the 
past year. 

No further business, the encampment was declared duly 
closed. 



GeneTul Crilers. 

Department of Montana, j 

Grand Army of the REPUBr.ic, v 

Office of Assistant Adjutant General. ) 
Helena, M. T., March 30, 1888. 
General Order No. 1. 

I. By the suffrages of my comrades of the Department 
of Montana, G. A. R., assembled in their Fourth Annual En- 
campment, at Miles City, Montana, on the '21st and '^2d inst., 
I was called to assume the exalted and responsible duties of 
Department Commander. Fully realizing the obligations thus 
imposed and deeply mindful that little can be accomplished 
for the advancement of the Order without the hearty coop- 
eration of every comrade, I confidingly invoke their assist- 
ance and advice in the administration of the affairs of the 
Department, during the cominjj year. Let us, one and all, use 
our best endeavors to make this a memorable year in the his- 
tory of the Department; let us strive to call back into our 
ranks those who, by indifference or neglect, have allowed their 
names to be dropped from our rolls, and let us each and every 
comrade constitute himself a recruiting officer to till our rolls 
with the names of those who, though eligible, are continually 
postponing the day when they shall enroll themselves in our 
glorious order. 

II. The following officers of the Department, elected at 
the Fourth Annual Encampment, are announced for the in- 
formation of all concerned: 

Department Commander, Junius G. Sanders, Helena. 

Senior Vice Commander, Henry Romeyn, Fort Keogh. 

Junior Vice Commander, Vming A. Cook. Boulder. 

Medical Director, Egoii E. Koerper, Fort Keogh. 

Chaplain, Rev. S. A. Wallace, Billings. 

Council of Administration — M. C. Wilkinson, Ft. Cus- 
ter; L. S. Willson, Bozeraaii; Charles S. Shoemaker, Butte; 
John L. Sloan, Missoula; A S Kellogg, Boulder. 

Represeritatives to the Xatirnal Encampment — James H. 
Mills, Deer Lodge; M. P. Wyman, Glendive 

Alternates — Robert E. Fisk, Helena; James E. Callaway, 
Virginia City. 

III. The following appointments upon the staff of the 
Department Comn:ander are announced: 

Asst. Adjt. General, John Moffitt, Helena. 
Asst. Quartermaster Geii'j, Archer O. Simons, Helena. 
Inspector General, Geo. W. Grant, Livingston. 
Judge Advocate General, Jas. E. Callaway, Virginia City. 
Chief Musteritig Officer, J. D. Jenks, Hutte. 
Asst. Mustering Officer, I. D. Moore, Sheridan. 
By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



•>•:>_ 



Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Asst. Adjt, Gen'l. 

Helena, M. T., April 27, 1888. 
General Order No. 2. 

The following named comrades are hereby appointed 
Aides-de-Camps on the staff of the Department Commander: 
Erastus M. Walker, John Buford Post No. 1, Ft. Custer. 
John B. Scott, Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte. 
Patrick Fox, Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte. 
John P. Donaldson, Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena. 
B. F. Martz, Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge. 
G. W. Rightnour, Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan. 
James B. Howe, Frank Blair Post No. 6, Virginia. 
John Skillin, Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 
Fred Hopp, Steedman Post No. 8, Dillon. 
John H. Axtell, VVm. English Post No. 10, Bozeman. 
Geo. W. Flanders, Wm. English Post No. 10, Bozeman. 
James Young, Fred Winsbrop Post No. 11, Missoula. 
Wilbur Coleman, Thos. L. Kane Post No. 12, Glendive. 
S. S. Harper, J. B. McPherson Post No. 18, Boulder. 
N. Borchardt, IT. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City. 
Frank R. St. John, John A. Logan Post No. 15, Billings. 
William Deal, John A. Logan Post No. 15, Billings. 
Augustus Short, Geo. G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 
By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



Department of Montana, ] 

Grand Army of the Republic, > 
Office of Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. j 

, Helena, M. T., April 27, 1888. 
Circular No. 1. 

The last Department Encampment having directed the 
publication m pamphlet form the proceedings of the four first 
encampments, together with roster of each Post in the De- 
partment, Commanders of Posts, who have not already done 
so, are directed to forward to this office as early as practicable 
a complete revised roster of their respective posts. The ros- 
ter ot names should be arranged in alphabetical order, and so 
far as is practicable, should give the full name of each mem- 
ber, rank and command in which he served, present postoffice 
address, and if he has been transferred or discharged, or if he 
has died while a member of the Post this fact should be noted. 
It should also contain the names of all Past Post Command- 
ers, and the present officers of the Post. 

Great care should be exercised in arranging these rosters, 
as they will not only constitute an official record of each Post, 



—•23— 

but also a history of the service rendered by each comrade to 
his country. 

By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



General Order No. 3. 



Depaetment of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Asst. Ad.it. Ge?s'l, 

Helena, May 1, 1889. 



In. IMemoT'iam. 



I 



The 30th day ot May has been designated by the Grand 
Army as an occasion for recalling the services and memories 
of those of our former comrades who have met that change 
vphich makes their fame immortal. 

By a consensus of opinion, which lias made this anni- 
versary a holiday, the common people have, with a grateful, 
cheei-ful solemnity, paid the homage of their admiration for 
the brave warriors who have, on so many battletields, made 
the renown of the American name supreme. 

Forbidden by our self-respect to make this day an occa- 
sion for idle boasts, we should not, in deference to maudlin 
sentiments abate one breath of commendation solemnly re- 
quired, to our comrades who are dead. 

As the ranks of our comrades are thinned by death, the 
public affections cling yet closer around those who remain and 
the memories of the heroic dead become a yet more potent 
inspiration. This manifestation of the public impulse discov- 
ers the drift of our civilization. It is a glimpse of that per- 
spective which corrects the accidents of a day, and places ev- 
ery event in its true position and forbids any loss of its just 
significance. No words of our should be permitted to mar 
grandeur of our history, and in commanding the observance 
of this forthcoming anniversary by the posts within the de- 
partment of Montana, I invoke of every comrade a contem- 
plation of those privations and toils, of that courage and de- 
votion which has made liberty universal and supreme. 

Let us, then, at the time appointed, gather arouna their 
sacred remains, and garland the passionless mounds above 
them with the choicest flowers of spring time. "Let the peo- 
ple be assembled for special memorial services where elo- 
quence and song shall unite to teach and exemplify the duties 
and rewards of patriotism," and let us, in this solemn pres- 
ence, renew or pledge, to aid those whom they have left among 
us as a sacred charge upon a nation's gratitude. 

As directed by general orders from national headquarters, 
comrades will, wherever practicable, attend Divine worship in 
bodies upon the Sabbath preceding memorial day, and the 



— •24 — 

several posts of this Department will make such arrangements 
for the proper observance of the day as to them shall seem 
appropriate. By comraaud of 

JUNIUS G. SANDKRS." 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Assistant Adjutant General, 

Helena, Montana, July 30, 1888. 
Circular Xo. 2. 

The following is published for the information of comrades 
in this Department who expect to attend the forthcoming en- 
campment of the Grand Army of the Republic: 

1st. The National Encampment will meet at Columbus, 
Ohio, Wednesday, September 12th, 1888. 

2d. The grand parade will take place oa September 11, 
1888, and all comrades in attendance are requested to report 
on the morning of that day equipped for the parade. 

3d. Montana headquarters at Columbus will be estab- 
lished in the State Capitol building, and comrades from this 
Department are reqested to call and register their names upon 
arrival. 

, 4th. The Commander-in-chief, having extended an invi- 
tation to the delegates and comrades from Montana to join 
him at Minneapolis and form a part of his escort to Columbus, 
and his invitation having been accepted, comrades are advised 
that tte Commander-in-chief Avill leave Minneapolis Saturday 
evening, September 8th, over the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railroad to Chicago. Thence by the way of the Pan 
Handle road to Columbus. Ample arrangements will be made 
to accommodate the delegation from this Department. 

5th. The Montana delegntion will leave Helena Wednes- 
day evening, September 5th, via Northern Pacific Railroad, 
and it is hoped that all comrades will arrange to go at that 
time. 

6th. From the best information obtainable at this time, 
the following will be the rate to Columbus and return: From 
Montana points to St. Paul and return, one tare for the round 
trip, tickets limited to Sept. 22d. From St. Paul to Columbus 
and return, $14.30; tickets limited to Sept. 19th, 1888. 

7th. Saturday, Sept. 8th, 1888, has been designated by 
the "Minneapolis Industrial Exposition" as "Soldiers' Day," 
and a special invitation has been extended by the Department 
of Minnesota to the comrades from Montana, to attend on 
that day to which the G. A. R. badge will be a full passport. 
The time designated in this circular for leaving Helena will 
give ample time to visit the Exposition, and it is hoped that 
the comrades of this Department will avail themselves of this 



—25— 

opportunity to extend greeting to our comrades of the Depart- 
ment of Minnesota. 

By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Assistant Adjutant General, 

Helena, Montana, August 15, 1888. 
Circular No. 3. 

The limit on tickets to the National Encampment at Colum- 
bus, Ohio, has been extended thirty days. Comrades are ad- 
vised that tickets will be on sale at Helena, Butte and other 
C(>mnion points iu Montana o;i the 5th and 0th of September, 
whicn tickets will be good for the trip going to Columbus un- 
til September 1 '2th and they will be extended for the return 
trip until October 19th upon application to a designated agent 
at Columbus, Ohio. With a view to lessening the expense of 
the trip to those who desire a Pullman, it is proposed to char- 
ter at least one car for the Montana delegation to run through 
to Columbus and remain there during the encampment if de- 
sired. For this purpose Post Commanders are requested to at 
once make a thorough canvass of their Posts and report to 
these headquarters not later tlian August 25tli. 

First The names of comrades w4io will attend the 
encampment from their localiiy. Second. The names of 
comrades and their families who desire a Pullman, stating 
whether they wish a berth or section, and remitting to the 
Assistant Adjutant General the sum of 810 for each berth so 
taken. No berth will i)e considered engaged unless this sum 
is paid. It is desirable that these reports should be sent m at 
the earliest practicable moment. 

The Montana deletration will leave Helena on the regular 
east-bound train on the evening of September 5th, and persons 
from points further west should s<> arrange their departure as 
to connect with this train. Comrades who expect to accom- 
pany the Commander-in-chief to Columbus should see to it 
that their tickets are via the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
and Pan Handle roads. 

By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 

John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 

Department of Montana, | 

Grand Army of the Republic, v 

Office of Assistant Adjutant General, j 
Helena, M. T., Dec. 1, 1888. 
General Order No. 4. 

I. The annual election of Post officers will be held in 



— ^6— 

accordance with the rules and regulations at the first stated 
meeting in December. The Department Commander admon- 
ishes every comrade that great care should be exercised in the 
selection of Post officers, as the character of a Post is to a 
very great extent known by the officers it selects to preside 
over its affairs, and upon the officers depend the success of the 
Post. The rank badge upon the breast of a comrade should 
be a decoration for valiant service rendered in the interest of 
oUr Order and should be conferred upon those only who are 
worthy of this distinction. 

II. The newly elected officers will be installed at the 
first regular meeting of the Post in January, 1889, the senior 
Past Post Commanders present acting as installing officers. 

III. At the same meeting each Post will select repre- 
sentatives and alternates to the Fifth Annual Department En- 
campment to be held at Helena in the month of April, 1889. 
The basis of representation is fixed by resolution adopted at 
the Third Annual Encampment, and is here published for the 
information of all concerned. 

"Resolved, That each Post in good standing shall be 
entitled to two representatives, to be elected according to the 
rules and regulations governing theG. A. R.,and an additional 
representative in the ratio of one for every fifty members in 
good standing, and one additional representative for a final 
fraction of more than half that number." 

IV. Post Conjmanders are directed to forward to the 
Assistant Adjutant General, immediately after the election, 
the names of the Post officers-elect, and also of the represen- 
tatives and alternates to the Department Encampment (blanks 
enclosed), and to avoid confusion at the Department Encamp- 
ment, each representative and alternate should be furnished 
with a certificate of his eleciion, signed by the Post Com- 
mander and Adjutant. 

By command of Jcrxius G. Sanders, 

Departmeiit Commander. 
JoHX MoFFiTT, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 

Helena, M. T., Dec. 10, 1888. 
General Order No. 5. 

I. The annual inspection of Posts of this Department 
is hereby ordered to be made at once under the direction of 
Comrade Geo. W. Grant, Department Inspector. 

II. Inspections must conform to chapter 5, Article V. of 
the Rules and Regulations and the forms prescribed by the 
Inspector General, and should disclose the standing of the 
Posts at the close of the quarter ending December 31, 1888. 
So far as is practicable, inspections should be made at a regu- 



—27— 

lar meeting, but Post Commanders are directed to call a 
special meeting for that purpose when requested so to do, and 
they shouM endeavor to have a full attendance of the com- 
rades on that occasion. 

III. In addition to the information sought to be obtained 
bv the forms prescribed by the Inspector General, Inspectors 
will ascertain and report upon the following facts: 

1st. Are the officers prompt in attendance and efficient in 
their duties? 

2d. What is the discipline and decorum of the posts when 
in session? 

3d. Is the ritualistic and unwritten work correctly given 
in the muster-in service? 

4th. Is a descriptive book properly kept by the Post? 

.5th. What is the condition of the records of proceedings. 
Quartermaster's accounts, files of orders, &c.? 

6th. What number of comrades have been suspended and 
dropped during the year? 

7th. Does the records of proceedings show that they have 
been so suspended or dropped by a vote of the Post? 

8th. How many comrades or ex-soldiers or sailors are re- 
ceiving aid from charitable institutions, other than the Grand 
Army of the Republic? 

9th. How many are receiving assistance from the Post? 

IV. So far as is practicable the inspection shall be made 
by the Department inspector personally, but in special cases 
he mav nominate to itese headquarters the narnes of comrades 
whom he desires to act as Assistant Inspectors, designating 
the particular Post to which they are to be assigned, and they 
will be appointed and assigned accordingly. 

V. Assistant Inspectors upon receiving their appoint- 
ment and instructions will proceed at once to the inspection 
of the Posts assigned them, and will make report thereon with- 
out delay to the Department Inspector. 

VI. It is desirable that this inspection should be made 
as thorough and complete as possible, and to this end. Com- 
manders of Posts and subordinate officers are requested to 
lend to the Inspector every assistance possible. 

By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 
Attest: G. W. Grant, Inspector. 



Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Office of Asst. Adjt. Gen'l, 

Helena, Mont., Jan. 10, 1889. 
General Order No. 6. 

I. Senior Vice Commander Henry Romeyn and Medical 



— 2S — . 

Director Egon E. Koerper having removed trorn this Depart- 
ment, and withdrawn from their respective Posts therein, these 
offices have thereby become vacant 

II. The Council of Administration have duly elected the 
following named comrades to fill the vacaitcies thus existing:, 
and they will be obeyed and respected accordingly: Senior 
Vice Commander — Comrade E. A. Kreidler, of U. S. Grant 
Post No. 14. Medical Director — R. M. Whitefoot, of Wm. 
English Post No. 10. 

Ill The resignation of Comrade M. C. Wilkinson, as a 
member of the Council of Administration, having been ac- 
cepted. Comrade James R. Goss, of Jjhn A. Logan Post No. 
15, has been duly elected to fill the vacancy thus existing. 

IV. Comrade N. Borchardt,Aide-de-Camp, is hereby de- 
tailed to install Comrade E. A. Kreidler as Senior Vice Com- 
mander of this Department at the next regular meeting of U. 
S. Grant Post No. 14, after the receipt of this order, and 
Comrade Johri S. Axtell, Aide de-Camp, is hereby detailed to 
install Comrade R. M. Whitefoot as Medical Director of this 
Department at the next regular meeting of Wm. English Post 
No. 10, after the receipt of this order. They will make re- 
port thereof to these headquarters. 

V. Blank requisitions for Post supplies, with schedule 
of prices, will be furnished upon application to the Assistant 
Quartermaster General, but hereafter no supplies will be is- 
sued to any Post except therequisite amount of ironey accom- 
panies the order. 

VI. The revised ritual adopted by the Twenty-second 
National Encampment, now being distributed, will at once be 
adopted by the Posts of this Department, and all old rituals 
should be immediately leturned to the Assistant Quartermas- 
ter General. Posts will be charged with all new rituals issued 
to them in excess of old ones not returned. 

VII. The Certificate of Membership of the Grand Army 
of the Republic adopted by the Twenty-second National En- 
campment, can be obtained as other supplies, from the Assist- 
ant Quartermaster General. Tlie price fixed is 40 cents per 
copy to each Post. These certificates arc copyrighted by the 
Grand Army of the Republic, are beautifully embellished 
with battle scenes and the portraits of Lincoln and Grant. 
They are furnished signed by the Department Commander, 
and the Assistant Adjutant General, and with the signatures 
of the Post Commander and Adjutant, become a certificate of 
membership in the Order. They will be an ornament and 
pride to any home, representing, as they do, the devotion and 
loyalty of the soldier to his country. 

By command of Junius G. Saxders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



— 29— 

IIeadquartkus Dkpartmext ok Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
Otiice of Assistant Adjutant Gt'iieral. 
Helena, Montana, February 2U, 1 889. 

General Orders No. 7. 

I. The Fifth Annual Encaniptnent of 'the Department 
of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, will assemble at 
Helena, 12 o'clock M., April 9, 1889 

II. This encampment will consist of: First. The De- 
partment officers for the time being. Second. All past De- 
partment and Post Commanders who shall have served the 
period tor which they were elected and now remain in good 
standing in their respective Posts. Third. All Pos^Com- 
raanders for the time being throughout this Department. 
Fourth. The duly accredited representatives from each Po.st 
in the ratio, as fixed by the Third Annual Encampment and 
published in General Orders No. 3, C S , from these head- 
quarters. 

• III. In the absence of any Post Commander, the Senior 
or Junior Vice Commander may represent the Post, and in 
the absence of any representative, his alternate shall be en- 
titled to cast his vote for the Encampment. 

IV. Department officers and members of the Staff, w hose 
duty it is to make reports to the Encampment, are requested 
to file copies of their reports with the Assistant Adjutant 
General on or before April 1st, 1889. 

V. It is important that the quarterly reports of each 
Post for the quarter ending March 31, 1889, should be trans- 
mitted promptly to the Assistant Adjutant General, and to 
this end Post Commanders aie directed to see that these re- 
ports are transmitted immediately after the last raeeting of 
their respective Posts in March. 

VI. A cordial invitation is extended to all comrades to 
be present at the Encampment. 

By command of Junius G. Sanders, 

Department Commander. 
John Moffitt, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l. 



DEPARTMEXT OF MONTANA, 

^Grand /Aprpy oF bhie l\epubliG.I>^ 

SESSIOlsT 1890. 
^^t^ 

FrncBBdlngs of the Bth Annual EncampTnent, IIlEpartmBnt 
Df Montana, G-rand ilrmy nf the RBpuhlic. 

The 6th Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, was called to order at 12 m. by 
Jas E. Callaway, Commander of the Department. 

In the absence of Comrade B. F. Osborn, Assist. Adj't. 
General, Comrade E. C. Culver, of Joiin A. Logan Post, No. 
15, was appointed Acting A. A. Gen'l. pro tem, and comrade 
L. Whitney, of the same Post as Assistant. 

Comrades H. S. Howell, Wm. Harmon, P. R. Dolman, 
Rob't. E. Fisk, and John C. Duff were appointed committee 
on credentials. 

Recess until 2 o'clock p. m. 

Encampment called to order at 2:35 p. m.. Commander 
Callaway in the chair. 

Committee on credentials presented their report and 
motion made and seconded for its adoption. 

Report «)f CoiniTiittee on Credentials. 

We, your Committee on Credentials, respectfully submit 
the following list of comrades who are entitled to a vote in 
this Encampment: 

Department Commander, Jas. E. Callaway. 

Sen. Vice Commander, H. C. Kessler. 

Jun. Vice Commander, Geo. F. Chambers. 

Medical Directory, W. S. Norcross. 

Chaplain, S. E. Snyder. 

Assist. Adj't. Gen'l., Benj. F. Osborn. 

Assist. Q. M. Gen'l., Lew Coleman. 

Assist. Inspector Gen'l., Wm. F. Wheeler. 

Judge Advocate, J. W. Kinsley. 

Chief Mustering Officer, J. L. Sloane. 

Assist. Mustering Officer, G. W. Rightenour. 

Council of Administration, John Moffitt, C. S. Shoemaker, 
Geo. F. Cowan, N. H. Morley, and John L. Sloane. 

PsiBt Depai'tment Cominanclers 

T. P. Fuller, C. S. Warren, E. C. Waters, and J. G. 
Sanders. 

Past Post Commanders. 

J. H. Macumber, Curtis E. Price, F. K. L^pham, S. K. 
Fishel, P. R. Dolman, C. S. Warren, C. S. Shoemaker, J. D. 




Jenks, H. C. Kessler, L. E. Holmes, Tlios P. Fuller, Rob't. 
C. Wallace. J. G. Sanders, Geo. W. Shaw, Rob't. K. Fisk, .Jas. 
H. Mills, D. J. McMillan, H. H Zenor, Lew Coleman, H. A. 
Smurr, Geo. W. Rigbtenour, E. S. Dickenson, O. F. Parraeter, 
J. D. Moore, J. E. Callaway, H. X. Blake, Eugene Stark, 
Stephen Gainan, T. P. Cox, Pierce Hoopes, Geo. F. Chana- 
bers, Geo. W. Grant, John Ski 11 in, F. W. Wright, Otbo 
Klemm, E. F. Ferris, J. M: Lindley, B. F. Osborn, W. Y. 
Smith, Roger Edwards, J. L. Sloane, C. W. Lombard, W. J. 
Livingston, Henrv C. Tuttle, Will Kennedy, A. S Kelloarg, 
V. A.^Cook, Geo.' Ten Eyck, E. A. Kreidler, R. C. Wel^stVr, 

Henry Roraeyn, Reinhardt, J.,ucius Whitney, T. C. 

Davidson, Austin B. Gates, D. C. McGill, S. S. Harper. 

I*<>st Coiximand«rs. 

Christian Hansen, No. 1 ; John Railey, No. 2; H. F. C. 
Kleinschmidt, No. 3; t>. F. Martz, Xo. 4; Geo. W. Rigbtenour, 
Xo. 5; John H. Davis, Xo. 6; F. W. Wright, Xo. 7; David 
Lament, No. 8; L S. Willson, No. 10; Eli Fisher, No. 11; 
Xorris S. Bennett, Xo. 12; Geo. F. Cowaii, Xo. 13; E. A. 
Carpenter. Xo. 14; M. G. Mains, Xo. 1-5; J. S. Wisner, Xo. 
16; Chas. Taylor, Xo. 18; Benson H. liowman, Xo. 19; John 
C. DuflF, Xo. 20. 

HUFORD PO«T No. 1. 
Delegates:— Richard Cummings, Jame-i Birch. Alternates : -Benj. 
Holmes, F. J. Barnes. 

MNCOLX POST No. _' 
Delegates:— J. B. -cott, .1. J. Yorlt, R. G. Hustin. Alternates :— J. H. 
Jackson. J. E. Neal, J. .J. Morrell. 

WADS WORTH POST No. ^. 
Delegates:— F P. Sterling, Richard Hobafk, H. C. Yeager, C. B. New- 
berry, Thos. C. Grey. Alternate.'!: -D. S. Sillimau, J. C. t ramer. .lohn 
MotUtt, J. N. Spencer, John O'Conner. 

<iK(). H. THOM.\S POST NO. 4. 
Delegates:— H. H. Zenor, D. J. McMillan. Alternates:— E. P. Mills. 

CU.STKR POST NC.5. 
Delegate's :—0. F. Parmeter, H D. Ro<siter. Alternates :— Andrew H. 
Clark, Riley Thompson. 

FRANK l'L.\IR POST NO. 6. 
Delegates:— H. S. Howell, T. N. Sprague. Alternates:— Jas. B.Howe, 
H. Schmaulhousen. 

F.\RR.\GUT P0.5T NO. 7. 
Delegates:— H. J. Hoppe, W. T. Collins. Alternates :—N. Ebert, Louis 
Savoy. 

STE.\DMAN PO<T NO. 8. 
Delegates :— David I amont, Otho Klemm. Alternates:— .las. B. Town- 
send, ("ha-s. Blivens. 

WM. KNGLTSH POST .VO. H». 
Delegates :— Joseph McKlny, Geo. O. Eaton, Chas. E. i.anc:ister. Al- 
ternates:— Henry Schabarker, Jas. W. Mardis, J. H. Nixon. 
FRED WLN^HRjOP POST NO. 11. 
Delegates:— Ferd Kennett, Ell Fisher. Alternates :—Thos. McClung. 
W. E. Bancroft. 

THO.^. i.. KANE POST NO. 12. 
Delegates :—M. T. Wyman, Jas. McCoimick. Alternates: — 

J. B. McPHhKSONPOSTNO 1H. 
')elegates :— Josiah Bay>e, M. N. Weber. Alternates:— 



—35— 

U. S. GK.VXT POST NO. U. 
Delegates .— Wm. Haimon, John Tulley. Al'emates :— J. W Johnston, 
C. A. Allen. 

JOHN A. LOGAN POST NO. 15 
Delegates:— A. P. Hart, M. G. Mains. Alternates :— Stephen Wallace, 
James R. Goss. ^ 

GEO. G MEADE PO^T NO. 10. 
Delegates:— W. W. Turney, M. B. Spier. Alternates:— Eber Golden, 
John Connovau. 

SHRRIDAX POST NO. 18. 
Delegates:— Samuel Dean, F. Geo. Heldt. Alternates :—G. H. Arm- 
strong, W: S. Wetzel- 

JAS A. SHIELDS POST NO. if). 
Delegates:— T. fl. Frost, Roh't. Gudgell. Alternates :—R. W. Noble, 
Lewis Smith. 

G. K. WAUREN POST NO. 20. 
Delegates :— Geo. W. Grant, Robert Culbertson. .\lternates:— R. W. 
Noble, J. F. Murphy. 

The committee on credentials further report as follows: 
In the matter of Wm. English Post JSo. 10, the committee is 
unanimously of the opinion that said Post is entitled to three 
delegates — we- find four comrades were present holdinsr resru- 
lar credentials — to-wit: Joseph A. McElroy, Geo. O. Eaton, 
Chas. E. Lancaster, and Geo. W. Flanders. We recommend 
that said delegation arrange among themselves what Com- 
rades shall occupy the three seats to which they are entitled. 

H. S. Howell, Chairman. 

Credentials of Comrade Chas. E. Lancaster, of Wm. 
English Post No. 10, were presented and an amendment was 
offered that his name be added to the report of the committee 
on credentials, as delegate from said Post. On inquiry, it 
appeared that Wm. English Post No. 10, was entitled to 
three delegates, but credentials were presented showing that 
four were elected; the amendment was withdrawn, and, on 
motion, the report of the comniittee on credentials was re- 
ferred to them, with instructions to reconsider the same. 

Recess for 15 minutes. 

Encampment called to order, and further report of the 
committee on credentials presented, and on motion,, the report 
was adopted, and Comrade G. W. Flanders, of Wra. English 
Post No. 10, withdrew his name as delegate trom said Post, 
in favor of Comrade Chas. E. Lancaster, and on motion, 
Comarade Lancaster was admitted as delegate. 

The Sons of Veterans entered the hall, w^ere cordially 
greeted bv Commander Callaway, and were seated, and by 
order of the Commander, the doors were opened to the public 
till further orders. 

Report of the council ot Administration submitted, read 
by the Act. A. A. Gen'l., received and further consideration 
deferred. 

Report of Assist. Adj't. Gen'l. submitted, read and on 
motion, received and placed ou file. 



— 86— 

Report of Assist Q. M. Gen'l. presented, and on motion, 
received and placed on tile. 

Report of Inspector Gen'l. submitted and referred to 
special committee of Comrades Sterling, Willsou and 
Hoopes, for consideration and report to this Encampment. 

Report of Comrade Vining A. Cook, Delegate to 
National Encampment, submitted, read and placed on file. 

Verbal report made by Chaplain. Motion carried that 
the report be requested in writing and placed on file. 

Supplementary report of Assist. Inspector Gen'l. submit- 
ted, read and ordered referred to committee on original report. 

Comarade Grant, of Farragut Post No. 7, called to the 
chair and Encampment addressed by Cmmander Callaway, 
giving review of proceedings of the Department for last year, 
prospects for the future, and retiring from position of Com- 
mander at close of term. 

Address referred to Special Committee appointed by the 
chair, consistins: of Comrades G. O. Eaton, F. P. Sterling, 
W T. Collins, P. R. Dolman, M. P. Wyman, . 

Coinmjincterrs Address. 

Coniarades: — Nearing the sun-set of the Nineteenth 
Century, on this, the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of Appomattox, 
we have gathered at our Sixth Annual Eticampment. 

Representing every section of a mighty commonwealth, 
as vast as the three great States of Kentucky, Illinois and 
Iowa combined, greater yet, than the Empires of New York, 
Pennsylvania and Ohio; coming from the Eastern and West- 
ern water-sheds of the continent, and standing to-day at the 
very feet of the grand Rocky Mountains, on the sunrise side 
of America's ridge-pole, in this natal year of our Statehood 
we send greeting to every veteran who fought in the war, 
waged for the preservation of the Union. 

Alike, to the 151ue, and to the Grey; to the Grey, not for 
his cause, but for his material valor and heroic devotion to a 
bad cause: "Enemies in war, at peace, friends" and brothers 
— then aliens, now friends and citizens of one country under 
one fiag, peace and grace be with you. To the Blue who with 
us fought "that Liberty should not perish from the face of 
the Earth," with moistened eyes growing old and dim, and 
hearts throbbing with patriotic fervor, that none but an old 
soldier can appreciate, nor yet understand, with bared and 
bowed heads, we extend and grasp the right hand Avith the 
salutation: "Noble heroes; devoted patriots." 

While the shadows lengthen, and, as the good old Vicar 
of Wakefield said to his son: "I pray that all your lines may 
fall in pleasant places," as one of the good old writers in the 
good book wrote: "May all your ways, be ways of pleasant- 
ness, and all your paths be peace." 

Four IProTDleiTis. 

Looking down the history of a little over a century's 



—37— 

growth and progress of our country, from the heights we have 
attained, we find there have been four great problems solved 
in the cause of free government. In the words of one of im- 
mortal fame: A "government of the people, by the people, 
and for the people." 

When the country which is now our pride, was in embryo, 
our grand-fathers, unaccoutered for war, unprepared to defend 
their hearthstones from invasion, I may say, unfed and un- 
clothe, fought, conquered and wrested from an Empire which 
arrogantly boasts that from Cressy till to-day, her colors have 
never been lowered — the liberty which we enjoy and cherish. 
But she — the mother of the Nation, of which I have the 
exalted honor to-day of addressing the so'ns of those great 
grandsires, who brought it into existence — She — the much 
lauded ''Mistress of the Seas," and whose proudest claim was 
that the sun never set upon her d-^minions and the beat of her 
drums never ceased to roll around the earth, was compelled 
by the heroic valor of the patriots whom you represent, to 
succumb to the prowess of the progenitors of those who, when 
treason ran riot in the dark days of '61, and the unity, the 
integrity, of the government of our fathers was imperiled, 
flew, as did you and I to the rescue of that nation and its 
emblems 

But the limits of this farewell (as I shall soon retire from 
duty as your Commander) allows no further time wherein to 
revert to the events of those great, grand days with which you 
are familiar through the annals of history. Our nation was 
born, and the first great problem of a free government was 
successfully solved. 

We, as a nation, were but 26 years of age, when the same 
arrogant power, with her usual impudence, insisted as a right, 
to insult our flag, search our ships and impress our seamen. 
The war of 1812 followed and the British colors were again 
drooped before the stars and stripes. In 1847 the flag of our 
fathers was planted in triumph over the halls of the Montezu- 
mas, and Mexico laid prostrate at our feet. Thus was it de- 
monstrated that the young Republic could cope successfully 
with foreign nations, and the second problem was solved. I 
recall the scenes where glory was thus shed upon our arms, by 
the valor of our fathers and grandsires, merely to bring to 
your memories the fact that you have proven yourselves the 
noble sons of illustrious sires. 

But, there came a time of more serious moment to us — we 
approached the great, the grand, the appalling crisis. The 
crumbling monuments of dead nations teach us that no gov- 
ernment can be perpetuated, nor even long exist, under which 
public virtue is forgotten, and the principles promulgated in 
America's great liberty charter are continuously violated and 
outraged. Comrades, we came near making a fatal mistake — 
worse than a crime. When Thomas Jefferson had grown 



—38 — 

wrinkled and grey in the service of his country, the tottering 
old man, nearly broken down with the cares of state, went to 
his Virginia home at Monticello to die, and when he was nearly 
ready to draw the drapery of his couch around about him, 
and lie down to pleasant dreams, in the last, long sleep, he 
looked abroad in the land, and although the windows of light 
were very dim, he saw that we he had become, not only a sec- 
tion, but a nation of traffi:;kers in human flesh and human 
blood; and though the daughters of Music were very low and 
dull, yet he heard the cries and groans of a down trodden and 
oppressed people, and in the agony pf his soul he exclaimed, 
"I fear and tremble for my country when I remember that 
God is just " 

The war came— a war in its magnitude, its grandeur, its 
magnificence, the extent of area involved, the character, valor, 
heroism, devotion, genius, resources, determination, and num- 
bers of the vast armies engaged, the like of which history had 
never recited, nor had the world ever known. 

More than four millions of men in the armies were en- 
listed and took part in the conflict — four years of war, during 
which more than two thousand and five hundred battles were 
fought. Appamattox passed into history, and the armies of 
Lee, Johnson and Taylor went to their peaceful homes — the 
great Union armies passed in grand reviews at Washington 
and Nashvil'e, donned the modest garb of the citizen, and 
quietly sought the paths of peace. History furnishes nothing 
that can rise to the dignity of a comparison — nor yet find a 
parallel. It proves that ours is the best, the strongest, the 
freest government instituted among men — the great problem 
was solved. 

The war cost the United States, (not counting the cost to 
the insurgents) more than four thousand million dollars, and 
at the close of the war, after selling off the millions of war 
material, our debt remained over two thousand seven hundred 
millions of dollars. Then and now the faith of the nation is 
untainted, its honor is unsullied, its credit, the highest and 
best among the people of the ciyilized world, and that enor- 
mous war debt, which staggers one to enumerate, with taxa- 
tion so light as scarcely to be felt, or known, will be extin- 
guished. Anno Domini, 1908 — the fourth problem is solved 
and the chapter is ended. 

The G-rand Aiuny of the Republic. 

When the pall of war had been removed from the skies, 
and the white winged angel of peace appeared, the Union and 
Confederate soldiers, each respecting the other, disappeared 
from the theatre of war; aristocrats from the old AV()rld and 
the new, carpers and croakers, wh(; had little confidence in a 
people's government, drew dark pictures of chaotic confusion 
that would follow the disbanding of the two armies — used to 



— .so- 
war and ti-amed to violence — they would burn our towns, sack 
our cities, and gloat in anarchy. There were false prophets 
in those days. 

Dr. B. F. Stevenson, who was the founder of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, was a patriot and a philanthropist, al- 
so a philosopher and a scientist. He ssw that the great ma- 
jority of the veterans who had served through the war, had 
enlisted in their young manhood, when in times of peace they 
would have been laying the foundations for their future busi- 
ness lives. He saw, too, they had given the four golden years 
of their lives, as a sacrifice on the altar of our common coun- 
try. Four years — worth more than any ten of after life. 
These old soldiers, after their discharge, were largely unfitted 
for the strife in the civic ranks. Most all were poor, many 
crippled, and thousands with health permanently impaired. 
He knew, that after the hardships, deprivations, exposures, 
long periods ot hunger, extreme nervous tension, sleepless 
nights, weary marches, cares and anxieties, and from a scien- 
tist's standpoint, foretold the consequences. Heart troubles, 
"heart-failure," — now so prevalent among the old veterans, 
resultant of the soldier life would follow, and our days would 
average a score of years less than those of our ancestors. 
The land was full of the orphans and widows of our dead 
comrades. 

The rushing, grasping, grinding, heartless, selfish, raoney- 
settins: world had left neither niche nor corner for us. As 
we had saved our country we must now (then) try lo save our- 
selves. Then was instituted the Grand Armv of the ReDiib- 
lie, and its precepts and purposes were promulgated. They are: 

I. To preserve and strengthen those kind and fraternal 
feelings Avhich bind together the soldiers and sailors and 
marines, who united to suppress the late rebellion, and to per- 
petuate the memory and history of the dead. 

n. To assist such former comrades in arms as need help 
and protection, and to extend needful aid to the widows and 
orphans of those who have fallen. 

HI. To maintain true allegiance to the United States of 
America, based upon a paramount respect for, and friendly 
fidelity to, its Constitution and laws, to discountenance what- 
ever tends to weak loyalty, incites to insurrection, treason, or 
rebellion, or in any manner impairs the efticiency and perma- 
nency of our free institutions; and to encourage the spread of 
universal liberty, equal rights and justice to all men. 

IDepartiTieiit of ]VIon.tana. 

A little less than six years ago, our first Department Coir- 
mander, (Comrade T. P. Fuller) and he who has the honor of 
addressing you, conceived the thought that Montana should be 
made a separate Department. After some delay, the order 
giving authority to organize this Department was received. 



—40— 

The Sunday following, Comrade Fuller and your humble ser- 
vant, and Comrade John Moffitt, met at Fuller's office, in 
Helena. Comrade Moffitt was present but took no pai-t in the 
proceedings. Comrade Fuller had been appointed Provisional 
Commander. We elected Comrade J. H. Mills Senior Vice 
and Comrade H. S. Howell Junior Vice Commanders; Com 
rade Moffitt was appointed Assistaut Adjutant General. Thus 
we started the organization. We then had in Montana ten 
Posts — no>^ we have twenty, with two numbers blank. Early 
in June of last year, under the leadership of the then Com- 
mandet-in-chief (Comrade Wm. Warner, ot Kansas City, Mo.,) 
reinforced by all the Department Commanders of the nation, 
a vistorous and united move was made to secure uniform and 
reduced railroad rates, at all points to and from our National 
Encampment at Milwaukee. In the main we failed; though 
it is fair to say that many railroad officers of our western roads 
heartily aided us in the movement; but the great railroad 
kings seem to have forgotten the fact that our services and 
sacrifices, and those of our comrades in arms, living and dead, 
had restored the Union, preserved the nation, established the 
national credit and made it possible for them to build ana to 
operate their roads in security and peace, and enabled them to 
float their bonds in the profitable markets of the world. A 
short day before the meeting of this Encampment, by special 
order, I appointed a committee each at Butte and Helena, of 
eminent comrades, through whose good efforts and influences, 
the rates we have received to this Encampment were secured. 
Our thanks are due and are hereby tendered those comrades, 
as they are also tendered to all the railroads of Montana for 
their courtesies and justice to the old soldier and his friends 
and fjuests. 

In the month of June a petition was received for a char- 
ter to form James A. Shields Post at Lewiston. As Comrade 
J. C, Major was visiting Lewiston upon other business about 
that time, and fraternally consented to act, he was appointed 
Special Mustering Officer to muster and organize that Post. 
That duty he well performed. In the latter part of August I 
visited the Posts at Helena, Anaconda, and Great Falls, and 
on the evening of August 26th I mustered and organized G. 
K. AVarren Post at Fort Benton. Permit me to say, without 
in the least disparaging any other Post, that G. K. Warren 
Post is one of which all the comrades should be proud. From 
extraneous testimony I have learned that it is one of the most 
active, efficient and patriotic in the service. 



Inspections. 



Soon after our last Encampmment, Comrade Will Ken- 
nedy, who w^as at that time appointed Department Inspector 
General, was forced, by press of business engagements, to re- 



—41— 

sign. I reluctantly accepted his resignation, and after ntiuch 
urging, Comrade W. F. Wheeler accepted an appointment to 
fill the vacancy. Our laws give the Department Commander 
the right to organize his Department into Inspection Districts. 
The domain of this Department is so vast in area and the 
Posts so far apart I concluded the only practical plan was to 
constitute each Post a district for inspection purposes and by 
special orders appointed one Assistant Department Inspector 
for each Post. Those comrades, so appointed, thus became 
officers on the staff of the Department Commander, with the 
rank of Aides-de-camp. 

A resolution passed at our last Encampment, appropriat- 
ing a sum of money towards paying the expenses of the De- 
partment Commander, in visiting the Posts of the Department, 
carried with the implied obligation that he should perform 
such duty. Accordingly on the 19th of December, I started 
on the "grand rounds," with the purpose to visit all the Posts 
in the Department, (not theretofore visited by me) excepting 
John Buford Post No. 1, and James A. Shields Post No. 19, 
regretting that the lines of travel at that season of the year 
would not justify the diversions. In this attempt i made a 
signal failure. On the extreme Avestern end of my beat, I was 
stricken down with a severe attack of the (then) prevailing in- 
fluenza. From the point of attack I moved easterly about 500 
miles, and thence westerly about 250 miles to my "Appomat- 
tox," there I unconditionally surrendered to "Gen. La Grippe." 
This disaster I greatly deplored; not only that the sickness 
was decidedly disagreeable, but largely because I was com- 
pelled to cancel all appointments and abandon further opera- 
tions. I have the honor and pleasure to report, that the com- 
rades everywhere received me with a royal welcome and gave 
a soldiers' hearty {jreetinfj. Macaulav, in his Historv of Eng- 
land, in speaking of Oliver Ciomwell's old army, after the re- 
storation of Charles the Second, says: "Fifty thousand men, 
accustomed to the profession of arms, were at once thrown on 
the world; the experience seemed to warrant the belief that 
this change would produce much misery and crime, that the 
discharged veterans would be seen begging in every street, or 
would be driven by hunger to pillage. Hut no such result 
followed. In a few months there remained not a trace indi- 
cating that the most formidable army in the world had just 
been absorbed into the mass of the community. The Royal- 
ists themselves confessed that, in every department of honest 
industry, the discharged warriors prospered beyond other men, 
that none was charged with any theft or robbery, that none 
was heard to ask an alms, and that, if a baker, a mason, or a 
wagoner, attracted notice by his diligence or sobriety, he was, 
in all probability, one of Oliver's old soldiers." If, instead of 
fifty thousand, we substitute one million, including both dis- 
banded armies) the situation and results would be parallel. 



—42— 

In the rounds taken I found the veterans cheerful, cour- 
ageous, industrious aad thrifty. With scarcely an exception 
he is a man of note in his commuuity. "He is one ot our best 
citizens," was nearly in every instance the vei-dict given me. 
The answer was, and is: "He should be; the stuff is in him, and 
it is his duty to himself, to the sacred cause for which he 
fought, and to his country to-day — history and posterity claims 
that of hira " ; 

All ,the Posts visited I found in healthy, good working 
condition, with one exception, and that at a place that can sup- 
port one of the best and strongest Posts in this Department. 
In my experience and under my observation in the Grand 
Army of the Republic, very much depends on the ability and 
efficiency of Post officers; but on the Post Commander rests 
the responsibility. If you have a good Post Commander you 
will have a good Post, but if he is negligent and inefficient, 
your Post will be careless and shabby, and will not be worth 
a dollar apiece of Confederate scrip. Could I give it a lower 
value? It is fair to say, however, that much depends on the 
preceeding management either for good or for evil. An inci- 
dent occuired at Missoula, on my trip, that is appropriate here 
to relate. There I met a distinguished lawyer, whom I had 
known in my old Kentucky home. His ancestors and mine 
were proud, aristocratic slave holders. After kindly greetings 
he asked me this question: "Well, Colonel, are you Grand 
Armv men sroing to nominate Harrison lor another term?" 
My friend was then in full health, but since, being weary of 
bis journey and taking his burden for a pillow, he is now 
asleep on the highway to eternity. Kentucky is the land of 
blue grass, fine horses, and "uolonels," — my friend, though 
never in the miltary service, was also a "Colonel," and right- 
fully as much entitled to the distinction as dozens of others, 
so-called "Colonels" in Montana. My answer was: ^'Colonel, 
the Grand Army of the Republic is in no .sense a political or- 
ganization; it is purely and only social and charitable in its 
purposes and in its practices — politics are eschewed — politics 
do not enter our Post rooms." 

Comrades, you know I spoke the truth. It happened that 
I was in company with a leading Democrat, who is also a 
Grand Army man, to whom 1 had to appeal to defend my in- 
tegrity. While, as members of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, we forbid any participation of Posts or of any orgaur 
ization of the Grand Army in political affairs, weallow to 
each individual comrade the fullest and freest exercise of his 
political rights and privileges without let or hindrance. Dur- 
ing the last political campaign in Montana, noted for the bit' 
terness and acrimony of the contending parties, no word of 
censure has involved the Grand Army; as an organization, or 
soceity, it stood aloof from the last contest; a contest that add- 
ed nothing of glory, but only that of shame to the contestants. 



— 43— 

Our objects are higher and better than mere personal aggran- 
'dizement or ephemeral political triumphs. 

I have but few sugrorestions or recommendations to make. 
I would most earnestly urge a tnore efficient system for the 
government of our society The reports of all officers in the 
line of duty should be more promptly made at the close of 
each and every quarter. This is imperatively necessary. The 
Adjutants should report promptly to the Department Adju 
tant General; the Post Quartermaster should report lo the 
Quartermaster General; the Assistant Department Inspectors 
to the Department Inspector General. The Post Chaplain 
should report to the Department Chaplain, the services at his 
Post at the burial of a comrade or of an old soldier;: and es- 
pecially, promptly after each Memorial Day, what action was 
taken by his Post in the observance of that day. The Post 
Surgeon should report to the Department Medical Director 
the condition of the health of his Post, and call atieniion to 
any case of general interest or requiring special attention. All 
such reports should be filed and preserved among the archives 
of our Order. While I am not in an attitude to recommend 
it, nor yet to reject, the proposition has been suggested that 
tlie By-Laws be amended so as to require. only one Post meet- 
ing each quarter — subject to the clearest authority of the Post. 
Commander to call meetings whenever, in his wisdom, the 
good of the Order would thereby be promoted, and that all 
such quarterly meetings be called- "Inspection Meetings," and 
at each of such "Inspection Meetings" a thorough inspection 
of the Post be made; and, also, at such meetings, a Camp-Fire 
be held wherever practicable. It is contended that the bur- 
dens would thus be lessened with an increase of interest and 
attendance. At the instanceof Comrades I submit the thought 
for vour consideration; I earnestlv recommend that somearen- 
eral rule be made as to uniform and equipments. Uniforms 
are cheap and the clothing is well worth what it costs; Com- 
rades can procure side arms at small cost. Some Posts have 
recommended a return to the old ritual, especially in the open- 
ing and closing, and in the mustering service. Many com- 
rades have suggested and warmly advocated that our ne.xt An- 
nual Encampment be held at some suitable and central point 
in the Department, and such Encampment be made a re-union 
of all old soldiers in the Department, whether. Grand Army 
men or not. It certainly would be promotive of good. There 
are a number of places in Montana where Grand Army Po.sts 
should be organized and maintained — notably Red Lodge, 
Pony, Phillipsburg, Grantsville; and when the aims and ne- 
cessities of such organizations are known, no worthy veteran 
will long remain a "straggler.^' It should not be forgotten 
that the .Grand Army is obligated to care for all old soldiers, 
their widows and orphans. Our charities are not confined to 
member of the Order, and the old soldier can the better be 



—44— 
protected in our own lines — we have no neutral ground. 



Sons of Veterans. 

When the clock shall strike the hour that will announce 
the half century from Appomattox — one quarter of a century 
from to-day, and about this hour of the day^ — the Grand Army, 
as an organization, will have passed into history, and our 
mantles will have fallen upon tlie Sons of Veterans. I have 
the most abiding faith they will worthily Avear their honors 
and discharge every duty. The Order of "Sons of Veterans" 
should receive the fostering care, confidence and inspiration of 
every veteran. They will soon have the cares of state; they 
will till the soil, ring the anvil, control our great corporations, 
operate our steamship lines, make and administer the laws, 
and largely control the destinies of the world. They are now 
just at the threshold of a noble manhood, and just forming 
the skirmish lines of life's great battle-ground. We rely up- 
on their courage, integrity, intelligence and patriotism. Let 
them ever keep in view one great truth — their fathers are or 
were men of iron wills, strong hearts and intense thinkers; 
but above all, higher, grander, and yet more sublime, the old 
soldier is intensely patriotic; he loves the flag of his fathers 
as he does his own household, and cherishes the principles of 
the Declaration of Independence and our National Constitu- 
tion above any price. No matter what political party may 
hold power under that Constitution, it will receive the loyal 
support of the Grand Army of the Republic. We believe 
that the folds of the Stars and Stripes should cover and pro- 
tect every citizen of the United States in all of his civil and 
political rights, no matter where he may be, on land, or at sea; 
no matter what may be his political complexion. 

The span of life of the smallest insect would note the 
length of time while I will have the honor to remain your com- 
mandant. For the honors you have conferred, with a heart- 
felt emotion I thank you; the cares and burdens of responsi- 
bility I will gladly place upon the shoulders of another; you 
can scarcely make a mistake in my successor. For the many 
courtesies and marks of respect shown at all times and in ail 
places; for the generous support of all the comrades, I am 
prof jundly grateful. To the Senior and Junior Vice Com- 
manders I am under many obligations. My thanks are due 
to each and every member of the staff for kindly support, 
promptness and fidelity in duty, and I crave the indulgence of 
all when I say, without any invidious distinction, my thanks 
are especially tendered and gratefully given to Comrades B. 
F. Osborn, Lew Coleman, and Wm. F. Wheeler, for the faith- 
ful, able and prompt manner in which they have discharged 
the duties of their respective offices, but tenderer and kinder 
yet for the uniform consideration and aid they have given me, 



—45— 

in ray feeble attempt to discharge the duties of Department 
Commander. 

Comrades: I am now about to close the curtain, and join 
your ranks. Let us dress up the lines a little straighter, and 
touch elbows without reaching out to find the whereabouts of 
our neighboring comrades; weld stronger the social bands; aid 
all Jieedy and distressed soldiers and sailors, and the widows 
and orphans of our late comrades. In all things connected 
with the Grand Army of the Republic, exercise a spirit of 
fraternity and charity towards all our comrades, and ever, to the 
best of our ability, defend the Union of the United States of 
America, honor its Constitution, obey the laws of the land, 
encourage, honor and purity in public affairs, and in a spirit 
of loyalty protect the flag of our country as the emblem of 
equal rights, and national unity. 



Report of ^.ss't. J\.cljt. Gen'l. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army op the Republic, 
Livingston, Montana, April 9, 1890. 
James E CaUrnvny, Department Commander. 

Comrade:— I have the honor to herewith submit, throujrh 
you, to the Department, this, my report, for the past year. 

On December 31, 1888, there were, in good standing, 15 
Posts and 567 members. On December 31, 1889, there were 
18 Posts and (374 members, showing a net gain of 3 Posts 
and 107 members. There have been, during the year past, 
the following musters of Posts: Sheridan Post No. 18, Great 
Falls; James A. ShieMs Post No. 19, Lewiston; G. K.War- 
ren Post No. 20, Fort Benton. 

Membership in good standing Dec. 31, 1888, 567 
Gains: 

By muster-in, - - - 156 

By transfer, - - - - 1 7 

]5y reinstatement, - - - - 9 

Total gains, - - - - 182 



Aggregate, - - - - - 749 
Losses: 

By death, . - ... 5 

By honorable discharge, ... 7 

]^y transfer, - - - - - 1 7 

By suspension, - - - - 46 

Total loss, ... - . 75 



Number remaining in good standing, - 674 

Net gain during the year, - - 107 

Contrarv to General Orders No. 2, Section 3, from De- 
partment headquarters, requiring Post Quartermasters to re- 



—46— 

port direct to the Assistant Quartermaster General, I have re- 
ceived during the year from some of the Posts their per capita 
tax, payable in money orders to myself, and having received 
funds from other sources, and expended the same, I make the 
following financial statement: 

Received from John Moffitt, Past A. A. Gen'l, $lbl.55 

" Per Capita Tax, - - 61. 75 

," Charter Fee, - - - 10.00 



Total, - - . . . $L>03.30 



Expended as per receipts shown, - ^157.13 

Balance on hand, - - - - 46.17 

There has been expended, during the year, for the relief 
of comrades and their families, $169 50, as per Adjt's reports. 
In conclusion, allow me to thank you for the honor you 
conferred by appointing me your Adjutant, and to express re- 
grets that our official relations, which have been only of the 
most pleasant, are so soon to be severed. 

If, in the discharge of my official duties, I have proven 
myself worthy of your confidence, and it I have succeeded in 
gaining the esteem of my comrades, then shall I indeed, feel 
well rewarded. Respectfully, in F C. and L., 

JBen.1. F. Osborx, a, a. General. 



Quartermaster's Pteport. 

Deer Lodge, Mont., April 8, 1890. 
Col James E. Callaway. Department Commanrler. 

Dear Sir AND Comrade: — I have the honor to sub n: it 
herewith my annual report of the receipts and disbursements 
as A. Q. M. G. for the year ending April 9, 1890: 

Receipts. 

April 1889. From Past 'A. Q. M. General, A. O. 

Simons, ... |!303.03 

. ^ From per capita tax, - 572.75 

From sale of supplies, - 201.03 

IDisbiarsements. 

April, 1889. Paid exp. charges on supplies, Helena 

to Deer Lodge, - - - - $ 1.65 

Paid Jno Taylor, Q.M.G., for supplies, 7.80 

" Fisk Bros, balance on printing, 70.00 

" Jno Taylor, Q. M. G., supplies, 61.13 

" V. A. Cook, ex. to Ntl Kncm't 50.00 
" J.E. Callaway exp as Dept. Comd'r, 100.00 
" New Xorth-VVest, printing blank 

requisitions, ... 10.00 

" Jn^ Taylor, Q. M. G, supplies, 27.58 
" Dept Comdr per capita tax due 



—47— 

April, 1889. National Department, - - 12.04 

Paid Jno Taylor, Q. M. G., supplies, 23.32 
" L. E. Holmes, Post Q. M., being 

amount over-paid on account, 4.80 
" Jno Taylor, Q. M. G., supplies, 9.60 
'• Postage, use this office, - - 3.18 
" A. B.Kiser, printing for Dept Com. 33 00 
" W. F. Wheeler, Assistant Inspec- 
tor General, postage, - - 2.00 
" Block Pub. Co., Dept badges, 25.75 



$1076.81 $1076.81 
Balance on hand, - $634.96 

Respectfully submitted. 

Lew. Colemax, A. Q. M. G. 



Inspector GJ-eneral's Report. 

Helexa, Mont., March 26, 1890. 

Benj. F. Osbom,Assl. Adjt. General, Dept. of Montana, G. A.R : 

Comrade: — I have the honor to submit my report as In- 
spector of this Department for the year 1889. 

No funds having been a[)propriated to pay the necessary 
travelling expenses of the inspector General, to enable him 
to visit the several Posts, the Department Commander adopt- 
ed the plan of appointing Assistant inspectors for each Post, 
on the recommendation of the Post Commander. Reports 
have been received from the Assistant Inspectors of the fol- 
lowing Posts: John Buford No. 1, Fort Custer; Lincoln No. 
2, Butte; Wadsworth No. 3, Helena; George H. Thomas No. 
4, Deer Lodge; Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan; Frank Blair No. 
6, Virginia City; Farragut No. 7, Livingston; Steadman No. 
8, Dillon; Wm. English No. 10, Bozeman; Fred Winthrop 
No. 11, Missoula; J. B. McPberson No. 13, Boulder; U.S. 
Grant No. 14, Miles City; John A. Logan No. 15, Hillings; 
George G.Meade No. 16, Anaconda; Sheridan Np. 18, Great 
Falls; James A. Shields No. 19, Lewiston; and G. K. Warren 
No. 20, P'ort Benton. 

It will be seen that Posts No. 9, (uixme not given) at 
Willis; No. 12, Thos. L. Kane Post, at Glendive, and No. 17, 
Thomas F. Meagher, at White Sulphur Springs, have no report 
and I hear they have been discontinued. Assistant Inspector, 
O. W. Kelly, reports that the Post Commander of .James A. 
Shields Post No. 19, neglected to call the members of the Post 
together for inspection, although requested by him to do so, 
and herce it was not inspected. He also says its affairs are 
very loosely cjnducted. I have to say that several of the 
Assistant Inspectors were very dilatory in forwarding their 
reports to this office. This is partly attributable to sickness 
in three cases, and to the difficulty in some Posts, of gathering 
the scattered members tosrcther in the winter season, so as to 



—48— 

make a respectable attendance at Inspection. In some in- 
stances I had to write as many as three times before reports 
were forwarded. The Inspector General can not be held at 
all responsible for this state of affairs, as he has to depend en- 
tirely upon the Assistant Inspectors for inspecting the Posts, 
which he can not visit for want of funds to pay his travelling 
expenses, and his duty becomes merely that of a clerk, to com- 
pile the reports received into a general report. I would most 
earnestly recommend that one hundred, or one hundred and 
fifty dollars be appropriated to pay the expenses of the De- 
partment Inspector, and that he be required to visit and in- 
spect each Post, if possible, during the last quarter before the 
annual meeting of the Department Encampment. This would 
insure a greater degree of uniformity in knowledge of the 
ritual, efficiency in the use, and better discipline within the 
several Posts. 

I am glad to say that the reports from Assistant Inspec- 
tors generally show a favorable condition of affairs, except in 
three or four instances, where members live widely scattered 
from their Posts; yet, in these cases, dues are generally 
promptly paid, or they are reported to be, in almost every 
case. I consider the following remarks, appended by Com- 
rade Christian Hanson, Assistant Inspector of John Buford 
Post No. 1, of sufficient importance to include them in this 
report for the information and action of the Department En- 
campment If his statement is true that dropped or suspended 
comrades, after leaving the vicinity of their Posts, fraudu- 
lently join other Posts of the G. A. R., I would freely concur 
in the remedy he suggests in the closing paragraph of his re- 
marks. The followins: is his statement: 

"The attention of the Department Inspector is respect- 
fully invited to the fact that the records of this Post show a 
considerable number of members suspended, and in due course 
dropped, for arrears of dues, during the last four years. Some 
of these changed residence without leaving any trace of their 
whereabouts, consequently no notification of arrears could 
reach them. The majority left with address of new resi- 
dence known, but notification of arrears, promptly sent them, 
were treated with contempt, by never returning any response 
whatever. It is quite certain that a number *of these dropped 
members are noAV to be found in the ranks of the G. A. R., 
having joined other Posts fradulently, (expecting, of course, 
never again to meet any of their former comrades of this 
Post) and as it is useless to have Rules and Regulations if not 
carried oat, some way ought to be found by which such 
frauds could be exposed. The most effective way, in my 
opinion, would be the publication in General Orders from Na- 
tional Headquarters, of dropped members, giving their name, 
company, regiment, &z., thereby preventing Posts from being 
recruited by that kind ot imposters." 



—49— 

With one or two exceptions, none of our Posts keep 
register books, nor do they require their members or visitors 
to sign any. Heretofore this has not been required, and they 
have never furnished themselves register books. I would re- 
spectfully recommend that each Post be required to keep such 
a registry, and that the books be furnished by the Department 
Commander, or Quartermaster, to each Post, so as to insure 
uniformity in the books themselves as well as in the manner 
of making entries or of registering therein. 

The form of report sent from Department Headquarters 
does not require any statement in regard to the number of 
members in or belonging to Posts, or the amount of funds 
owned by a Post I presume these statistics will be reported 
bj'^ Post Adjutants and Quartermasters. I think they should 
be included in Inspectors' reports. 

Believing that an official statement from the Chief of the 
Montana Division of the Sons of Veterans, and from the 
President ot the Woman's Relief Corps, would be in order, 
they being auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, I 
applied to the heads of their organizations here and have re- 
ceived the following interesting and courteous replies, which 
I append to my report for the information of the Department 
Encampment, and of our comrades generally. 

In F. C. and L., William F. Wheeler, 

Inspector General. 

Sons of "Veterans. 
Comradi' W F Wlueler, Inspector GmH. Dept. of Montana, G. A. R.: 

Comrade: — In answer to your request for information 
regarding this Division, I have the honor to make the follow- 
ing statement: This Division, which includes Idaho, has eight 
Camps and about two hundred and eighty members. Our 
Camps are situated in Helena, Butte, Fort Uuster, Anaconda, 
Livingston, Fort Keogh and Bozeman, and Boise City, Idaho. 
We are fcontinually gaining in this State, as we have in every 
other. While our towns are much scattered, and but few in 
number, thus precluding, to a great extent, out organizing 
many Camps, yet we believe that we will be of as much bene- 
fit here where we are needed, as other Divisions in places 
where disloyalty is never breathed. Our present membership 
is remarkable, inasmuch as Montana furnished no troops dur- 
ing the late rebellion. We depend entirely on the Department 
of Montana, G. A. R., and those who immigrate to this from 
other States for our recruits. We are endeavorinor to organize 
Camps at Billings, Missoula, Deer Lodge, and other towns 
where none now exist. Our Order has been officially approved 
by the National Encampment, G. A. R., and I would ask you 
to bring before your coming Encampment this Division, and 
the work we are doing, and urge upon comrades who are resi- 
dents of towns Avhere no Camp exists, the benefits of our Or- 



—50— 

der. Wherever a Post and a Camp now exist, we have been 
in accord, and have sustained our positions as loyal sons of 
patriotic sires. We have now in our Order nearly one hun- 
dred thousand Sons of Veterans. That we will one day be 
an important and powerful means of inculcating true patriot- 
ism and love of country all will admit. To aid distressed 
and worthy comrades is our duty, and the aid and support 
you now give us will, in the end, revert to yourselves. We 
have in Montana, two Ladies' Aid Societies, an organization 
bearing the same relation to our Order that the Woman's Re- 
lief Corps does to the G. A. R. On behalf of Montana Divi- 
sion, Sons of Veterans, I extend our best wishes for the suc- 
cess of your coming Encampment, assuring you of our con- 
tinued esteem and filial respect. Johx R. Miller, 

Colonel Com'ding Mont. Div. Sons of Veterans. 



Woman's Kelief Corps. 

Report of Elizabeth C. Fisk, President of Wadsworth Corps. 

Helena, Montana, March 25, 1890. 
Comrade W F. Wheeler, Inspector General, Dept. of Mont ,G A H : 

The report of the Montana G. A. R., would not be com- 
plete without some mention of its auxiliary, the Woman's 
Relief Corps. Having only one Corps, that at Helena, known 
as Wadsworth Corps, the story is soon told. 

In January, 1888, Geo. W. Shaw, at that time Commander 
of Wadsworth Post, Helena, called together a number of the 
loyal ladies of the city, the wives and daughters of soldiers, 
who, under his direction, signed an application for a Charter 
for a Relief Corps. This was at once forwarded to the Na- 
tional officers, and, after a time. Charter and supplies were re- 
ceived. The sixteen names ensrrossed on this Charter have 
since been increased to thirty, and this little band of earnest 
workers have stood side by side with the Grand Array in every 
good work. Last year the Corps expended in charity more 
than three hundred dollars. Interest in the work is crowincr 
and before the end of this year, Bozeman and Boulder will 
probably organize Corps and soon Montana will become a 
Department. If the comrades of the G. A. R. would recog- 
nize the importance of this work, and urge their wives and 
sisters to become members of this organization, a great point 
would be gained. The aim and work of the Order are, like 
th(^se of the Grand Army, '-to extend Fraternity, Charity and 
Loyalty, and to promote peace and love of country." One of 
their most important duties is to instil in the minds of the 
young those principles of loyalty and devotion to country 
which shall make them not only active members of these or- 
ganizations, but better citizens and nobler men and women. 

Witn best wishes for the success of your Department 
Convention, Yours in F. C. and L., 

Elizabeth C. Fisk, Pres. of Wadsworth Corps. 



—51 — 

B)"nj. F. Osborn, Asst. Actjt. Genl Dept. Montana G.A. R. and Comrades: 
We, your committee to whom w2s referred the report of 
the Inspector General, beg leave to submit the following: 

I. We do not deem it wise, at present, that this Depart- 
ment appropriate funds to pay travelling expenses of the In- 
spector General to visit all the Posts in Montana, in order that 
he may make these inspections personally, and we would re- 
spectfully recommend that the same course be pursued in the 
future as in the past, believing that there are, in each Post, 
comrades competent and willing to act in the capacity of As- 
sitant Inspectors General, but urging upon each and every 
Post in this Department, the importance of these inspections, 
and the same be reported thereon in a thorough manner. 

II. That the thanks of this Encampment be, and are, 
hereby extended to the Sons of Veterans of this Department, 
also to the Woman's Relief Corps, and the Ladies Aid Society, 
and that every effort of the the G. A. R., in Montana be ex- 
tended to all of these noble institutions. 

Respectfully submitted, in F. C. and L., 

L. S. WiLLSOx, F. P. Sterling, 
Pierce Hoopes. 



Deleaate to ]N'alional Kncaiiipment. 

James E Callaway. Commanding Department of Montana, G. A. R : 

Comrade: — I submit herewith my report as Delegate from 
this Department to the Twenty-third National Encampment, 
held at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August, 1889. 

I arrived there the day previous to the meeting of the 
Encampment, and established the Headquarters of the 
Department of Montana, in the Seventh District school 
building, in the same room with the Department of 
Florida, and during three days that I kept "open house," a 
large number of Comrades called and registered. From all 
that I could learn and observe, the attendance was the largest 
and the enthusiasm the greatest of any Encampment previous- 
ly held, and the citizens and comrades of Mihvaukee certainly 
deserve great credit for their generosity and care in making 
the stay of the veterans in their city as pleasant as such an 
immense crowd would admit of. 

I was appointed a place on the committee on resolutions 
which occupied my time a part of two days. There were 
over one thousand delegates present in the hall at each day's 
session, and the enthusiasm, added to a little confusion, was so 
great, that it was almost impossible to vote understandingly 
upon any of the many resolutions and questions that were 
presented for bettering the condition of our old comrades. 
Nearly all the business transacted in that line was a reiteration 
of what had already been done at other Encampments. The 
voice of the Encampment was almost a unit in support of a 
Per Diem Service Pension Bill. 



—52— 

I am sorry to report that the attendance of comrades from 
Montana was very small, not over half a dozen appearing in 
the line of march under the beautiful banner of Montana. 

In F. C. and L., Yixing A. Cook. 

Heport of Special Com'tee on Report of I3ept Corri'der. 

To the Asst. Adjt Gen'L, Department of Montana, G. A. R: 

Comrade: — We, the special committee, to whom has been 
referred the report of the Department Commander, beg leave 
to submit the following report thereon: 

We find the report is deserving of unstinted praise — that 
the many suggestions therein contained are wise and pertinent, 
that the thanks of this Encampment are due and are hereby 
tendered for the patriotic sentiments so ably expressed. We 
therefore recommend the approval and adoption of the report 
as a whole, since to select any particular feature as the subject 
of special commendation would be impossible, whereas all are 
equally worthy. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 
Geo. O. Eaton, P. R. Dolman, 
M. P. Wyman, F. p. Sterling, 
W. T. Collins. 



Report of special committee called for and the same de- 
ferred, and Comrade Eaton appointed committee to look up a 
report in relation to a committee appointed at last Encamp- 
ment on the matter of preparing a badge for this Department. 

Motion that we now proceed to the election of officers, 
offered and, pending motion, recess was taken for ten minutes. 

Encampment called to order at 5:35 p. m. All excluded 
except members of the G. A. R. 

Motion to proceed to the election of officers temporarily 
withdrawn, and report of special committee on address of 
Commander Callaway read, received and adopted. 

Report ot special committee in i-egard to Department 
badge received. Motion made that committee on badge ap- 
pointed by last Encampment, be discharged and a committee 
be appointed to report at next meeting. Amended, that old 
committee be continued, and that Comrade G . O. Eaton be 
added to said committee, and that the committee be directed 
to report a design for such Department badge lo the Council 
of Administration not later than July 4th, next, and on the 
a[)proval of the Council of such design, said badge to be 
printed by the Assistant Q. M. General, in ample time for de- 
livery (for use at next National Encampment) to all such com- 
rades as may desire to purchase them. 

Report of special committee on report of Inspector Gen'l 
submitted and adopted. 

Motion to proceed to the election of officers renewed and 
adopted, and the following nominations were made for Depart- 
ment Commander: Comrade Geo. O. Eaton nominated Ed. F. 



—53— 

Ferris; comrade J. D. Jenks nominated comrade Henry C. 
Kessler; comrade Wheeler seconded the nomination of com- 
rade Ferris. Comrade H C. Kessler withdrew his name, and, 
on motion, the Acting A. A. General was instructed to cast 
the vote of the Encampment for comrade E. F. Ferris as De- 
partment commander, which was done. 

Nominations for candidates for Senior Vice commander 
being in order, comrade H. C. Yeager nominated H. C. Kess- 
ler, and comrade E. C. Culver nominated comrade A. P. Hart; 
nomination of comrade Kessler seconded, and comrade L. 
Whitney seconded the nomination of comrade A. P. Hart. 
Nominations closed and recess taken until 7:30 p. m. 

Encampment called to order at 7:45 p. m.. Commander 
Callaway m the chair. 

Comrade H. C. Kessler withdrew his name as candidate for 
senior vice commander, and no other nominations being made, 
on motion, the rules were suspended, and the A. A. A. Gen'l 
was directed to cast the vote of the Encampment for comrade 
A. P. Hart as senior vice commander, which was done. 

Nominations for junior vice commander being: in order, 
comrade N. H. Morley was nominated, and there being no 
other nominations, on motion, the A. A. A. Gen'l was directed 
to cast the vote of the Encampment for comrade N. H. Morley, 
which was done. 

Nominations for medical director: Comrade W. T. Col- 
lins was nominated; no other nominations being made, on mo- 
tion, the A. A. A. Gen'l was directed to cast the vote of the 
Encampment for comrade W. T. Collins for said office, which 
was done. 

Nominations for chaplain: Comrade S. E. Snyder was 
nominated, and no other nominations being made, the A. A. A. 
Gen'l was directed to oast the vote of the Encampment for 
comrade S. E. Snyder for Department cliaplain, which was 
done. 

Nominations for members of the council of administra- 
tion: Comrades Henry C. Yeager, H. H. Zenor, L. F. Wyman, 
Wm. Harmon, Otho Kleinm, J. H. Davis, C. W. Lombard, L. 
W. Whitney, F. W. Wright, and J. S. W^isner were nominated. 
The names of Comrades Davis, Wyman, Harmon, Lombard, 
and Whitney being withdrawn, on motion, the A. A. A. Gen'l 
was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for com- 
rades H. C. Yeager, F. W. Wright, J. S. Wisner, H. H, Zenor 
and Otho Klemm for members of the council of administra- 
tion, which was done. 

Comrades R. E. Fisk and P. R. Dolman were nominated 
as delegates to the National Encampment, and A. A. A Gen'l 
was instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for the 
Encampment for the comrades, which was done, and comrades 
Wm. Harmon and J. J. York were, in the same manner, elect- 
ed as alternates. 



—54— 

For place of holding next Encampment, comrade Jenks 
proposed Great Falls; comrade Kennedy proposed Boulder, 
and comrade Morley proposed Anaconda. 

Comrades Dolman and Sterling were appointed tellers, 
and a ballot was taken with the followingr result: Great Falls 
received 21 votes; Anaconda received 29 votes; Boulder re- 
ceived 6 votes; Anaconda having received a majority of the 
votes cast was declared to be the place selected for holding the 
next annual encampment. 

Motion by comrade Eaton that llOO be appropriated to 
assist in defraying the expenses of Department commander in 
visiting Posts of the Department, amended by comrade Har- 
mon to make the amount 1 150; amendment withdrawn, and 
report of the Department commander as to expenses of past 
year read by Acting A. A. Gen'l: 

Livingston, Montana, April 9, 1890. 
To the Council of Administration, G. A. R : 

Comrades: — As your Department commander, I beg leave 
to present the following report: 

Department of Montana, In account with \ 
James E. Callaway, Dept. Commander. \ 
Amt. appropriated by the 5th annual encamp- 
ment for travelling expenses, - $150.00 
For postage, etc., rec'd from Dpt Q. M. 11.90 
From A. A. G., - - - - 6.00 



Total $1 6*7.90 

Expended as follows: 

Visiting Posts, - . - - $179 00 

Postage, telegraphing and expressage, 22.40 



Total expenditure, - - $201.40 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

James E. Callaway, Dept. commander. 
Approved: Harry C. Kessler, 

Acting chairman council of administration. 

Amendment offered by comrade Kennedy that the amount 
be made $150.00, or as much thereof as may be necessary; 
amendment accepted by mover of the original motion, and 
motion adopted. 

Resolution offered by comrade F. P. Sterling, and adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Encampment be, and 
are, hereby extended to the citizens of Livingston, and to 
Farragut Post T, G. A. R., for their hearty reception, loyal 
welcome, and the gracious manner in which this, the Sixth 
Annual Encampment, has been entertained. 

Resolution offered by comrade Geo. F. Cowan, and adopted: 

Resolved, That this Encampment appreciates the efforts 

of the citizens of Livingston to make the session a success, as 



—55— 

shown by the very general decorations, and by the attention 
to the wants of the members so universally manifested, and 
the Encampment trusts that the loyalty and the fraternity so 
displayed will meet a rich reward in continued and increasing 
prosperity. 

Resolution by comrade P. R. Dolman, and adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Department of Montana, are hereby tendered to the 
officers of the passenger departments of the Northern Pacific, 
Great Northern, Union Pacific, Utah Northern, and the Mon- 
tana Union Railways, for their kindness in extending to the 
members of the G. A. R., Sons of Veterans and our friends, 
one fare for the round trip to this Encampment, and to F. W, 
Barker, ticket agent at this place, for his personal kindness 
and assistance to us. 

Motion that a committee of three, one to be the Assistant 
Adjutant General of the Department, be appointed on print- 
ing proceedings of the Fifth and Sixth Annual Encampments, 
and §150.00, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be ap- 
propriated to pay the expenses thereof, 500 copies to be print- 
ed; amendment offered that 700 copies be printed; amend- 
ment accepted by original mover, and motion lost. 

Motion to print 250 copies, with same provisions as above, 
carried, and comrades F. P. Sterling and William F. Wheeler 
were appointed additional members of said committee. 

Recess until 9 a. m , April 10th. 

Encampment called to order at 10:45 a. m., April 10th, 
Commander Callaway in the chair. 

Comrade Hoopes appointed Officer of the Day pro tem, 
comrade being absent. 

Motion made that the commander appoint a committee of 
three to draft resolutions relative to conductins: future ban- 
quets of this Department, carried, and comrades Snyder, 
Sterling, and Eaton appointed. 

Recess until 1 :30 p. m. 

Encampment called to order at 1 :45 p. m., Commander 
Callaway in the chair. 

(voramittee on resolutions, relating to banquets, &c., sub- 
mitted report which was unanimously adopted. 

Recess taken to take part in parade of Sons of Veterans. 

Encampment called to order at 3 p. m., Commander Cal- 
laway in the chair. Doors opened lo the public; comrade W. 
P. Wyman to take position of senior vice commander, pro tem. 

Comrade G. W. Grant appointed mustering officer, who 
then proceeded to install the Department officei's-elect as fol- 
lows: Department Commander — Ed. F. Ferris. 

Senior Vice uommander — A. P. Hart. 

Junior Vice Commander — N. H. Morley, 

Medical Director— W. T. Collins. 

Chaplain— S. E, Snyder. 



—56— 

And the newly installed officers were conducted to their 
respective stations, and the newly installed Department Com- 
mander named his staff as follows: 

Assistant Adjutant General — Benj. F. Osborn. 

Assistant Q. M. General— H. J. Hoppe. 

Inspector General — Frank P. Sterling. 

Chief Mustering Officer — Joseph J. York. 

Assistant Mustering Officer — S. A. Wallace. 

All were installed except the Assistant Adjutant General 
who was absent. Motion adopted that privilege be granted 
the delegate from John Buford Post No. 1, to forward address 
intended for this Encampment, to the council of administra- 
tion, who were directed to report on same at the next Encamp- 
ment. 

Recess. 

Encampment called to order at o:.50 p. m.. Commander 
E. F. Ferris in the chair; all except members of the G. A. R. 
excluded from the hall. 

On motion, a committee of three, with comrade George 
O. Eaton as chairman, was appointed to draft rules of order 
for the use of the Encampment, Department of Montana. 

Vote of thanks extended to the Livinsston band for their 
• services on occasion of the Encampment. 

Minutes of this Encampment read, and, as amended, were 
adopted. 

Encampment duly closed by Commander Ferris. 

Genera,! Orders. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
BozEMAN, Montana, April 18, 1889. 
Comrades: 

I. The Fifth Annual Encampment, Department of 
Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Helena, 
Montana, April 9, 1889 — the 24th anniversary of Appomat- 
tox — and duly elected the following officers for this Depart- 
ment: 

Depaitment Commander — Jas. E. Callaway, Post No. 6, 
Virginia City. 

Senior Vice Commander — Harry C. Kessler, Post No. 2, 
Butte City. 

Junior Vice Commander — Geo. F. Chambers, Post No. 7, 
Livingston. 

Medical Director — W. S. Norcross, Post No. .3, Helena.' 

Chaplain— Rev. S. E. Snyder, Post No. 3, Helena. 

Council of Adininistration. 

John Moffitt, Post No. 3, Helena; Geo. F. Cowan, Post 
No. 13, Boulder; N. H. Morley, Post No. 16, Anaconda; C. 
S. Shoemaker, Post No. 2, Butte; John L Sloane, Post No. 11, 
Missoula. 



—57— 
Hieleirates to ^rational Knoainpinent. 

Ed. F. Ferris, William English Post No. 10, Bozeman; 
Vining A. Cook, J. B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder. 

Alternate Delegates — E A. Kreidler, U. S. Grant Post 
No. 14, .Miles City; Simeon Ilauswirtli, Lincoln Post No. 2, 
Biitte. 

II. The following appointments upon the staff of the 
Department Commander are announced. They will be re- 
spected and obeved accord iuijly: 

Assistant Adjutant Geiri — Benj. F. Osborn, Post No. 10, 
Bozeman. 

Asst. Q. M. Gen'l — Lew Coleman, Post No. 4, Deer Lodge. 

Asst. Insp. Ge'.ri^Will Kennedy, Post No. 13, Boulder. 

Judge Advocate — J. W. Kinsley, Post No. 3, Helena. 

Chief Mustering Officer — I. L. Sloane, Post No. 11, Mis- 
soula. 

Asst. Mustering Officer — G. W. Rightenour, Post No. 5, 
Sheridan. 

Asst. Inspectors — T. J. Laraont, Post No. 16, Anaconda; 
Wm. F. Wheeler, Post No. 3, Helena; E. A. Kreidler, Post 
No. 24, Miles City. 

A-ides-de-Camp. 

Erastus M. Willson and Francis J. Barnes, John Buford 
Post No. I, Fort Custer. 

L. F. Wyman, Gilbert Ensel and John Railey, Lincoln 
Post No. 2, Butte. 

James Dunn, II. F. C. Kleinschraidt, C. B. Newberry, 
Wadsworth Post No. 3. Helena, 

James H. Mills, D.J. McMillan, George H. Thomas Post 
No. 4. Deer Lodge. 

E. L. Dickenson, J. ^R. Comfort, Custer Post No. 5, 
Slieridan. 

Eugene Stark, C. H. Sprague, Frank Blair Post No. 6, 
Virginia City. 

Jno Skillin, II. J. lloppe. Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 

Chas. Blevin, O.-^car Willis, Sleedman Post No. 8, Dillon. 

0.*car V.m Tassel. Geo. E. Oyler, W. F. McCornack, Wm. 
Englisii Post No. 10, Bozeman. 

Ferd Kennetl, Luke D. Hatch, Fred Winthrop, Post No. 
1 1, Missoula. 

James McCormick, Moses P. Wyman, Thomas L. Kane, 
Post No. 12, Glendive. 

Benj. J. Hoopes, Benj. F. Shrene, J. B. McPherson Post 
No. 13, Boulder. 

John Tulley, Newman Borchardt, L". S. Grant Post No. 

14, Miles City." 

J. H. Rinehart, S. A. Wallace, John A. Logan Post No. 

15, Billings. 

James Kinney, George G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 



—58— 

Louis Rotwitt, Thomas F. Meagher Post No.- 17, White 
Sulphur Springs. 

George F. Heldt, Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls. 

III. Profoundly grateful to my comrades for the trust 
imposed and the high honor conferred, I have assumed com- 
mand of this Department, with headquarters at Bozeman. 

By the kind assistance of my comrades, and especially 
with the aid of all officers, I maybe able to conduct the office 
with as much -success as have ray illustrious predecessors. The 
last Encampment was by far the largest and most enthusiastic 
of any within, the history of this Department, a,nd our society 
was never more prosperous than on the day it convened. 

IV. On the 80th day of this month we shall have round- 
ed a full period of our country's history and administration 
under the., constitution of the United States. The Union of 
our fathers has been preserved. You were and are its defend- 
ers I recommend that on that centennial day of the first in- 
auguration of the "Father of our country," every comrade in 
this Department will abstain fron:. all secular pursuits, and 
each Post will, so far as practicable,, commemorate the day in 
the most fitting, public and patriotic manner. 

V. I recommend to you the cardinal principles of our 
society — Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty. In fraternity: That 
we believe in the common brotherhood of man and the uni- 
versal fatherhood of God. In charity: That we extend pro- 
tection and relief to alTworthy and distressed comrades, their 
widows and orphans, and to all who followed the banner of 
the Republic, the right band ot: fellowship with the guarantee 
that all citizens shall have equal protection under the law. 
While the Grand Army of the Republic has no politics, (and 
should not have) we may, as citizens, differ as to American 
policies and be friends and comrades. In loyalty: That we 
were and are true to the flag of our fathers, to national unity 
and the principles of (constitutional liberty. 

James E. Callaway, Department Commander. 
Official: <■;.■ 

Bex.t. F. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Mo.xtaxa, ) 
Grand Army OF THE REPrBLio, ^ 

Bozeman, Montana, April 18, 1889. ) 
General Order No. 2. 

I. In compliance with General Orders No. 7, from Head- 
quarters, Grand Army of the Republic, dated Kansas City, 
Mo., March 80, 1889, the Post Commanders in this Depart- 
ment will causiie to be made a thorough inspection of their re- 
spective Posts, at such hour as may be convenient, on the 15th 
day of May. 1889, and promptly report to Department Inspec- 
tor Will Kennedy, at Boulder City, Montana, (on form II) who 
will consolidate the several reports and forward his report to 



— 59— 

comrade Geo. S. Evans, Inspector General, Boston, Mass., not 
later than June loth. In the absence of the regularly ap- 
pointed Inspectors on the staff of the Department, or such as 
may be appointed by Inspector General Kennedy, the Post 
Commander will appoint an Assistant Inspector for this special 
duty, who will conform to the regulation specified in service 
book on page 62, and report accordingly. 

II. I request a strict obedience of this order, as upon 
the prompt and efficient compliance therewith will depend the 
standing of this Department at the National Encampment. 
This matter is of such commanding importance that the Com- 
mander-in-chief, Wm. Warner, has deemed it necessary to issue 
the order recited in paragraph 1, herein. 

III. Hereafter, until further orders, all quarterly returns 
or reports from Post Adjutants will be made to the office of 
the Assistant Adjutant General at Bozeman, and all quarterly 
returns and returns of P«)st Quartermasters, with all per capita 
dues, and moneys belonging to the Department, will be for- 
warded direct to the Asst Quartermaster Gen'l at Deer Lodge. 

IV. The comrades are congratulated that while nearly 
all the Posts are in a most excellent state of prosperity and 
prompt in complying with our regulations, attention is called 
to some delinquencies in reports that endanger their charters. 
The Commanders are responsible for these quarterly reports. 

15y command of James E. Callaway, 

Official: Department Commander. 

Ben J. F. Osborx, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Dept. of Montana, J 

Grand Army of the Republic, v 

Bozeman, Montana, May 7th, 1889. j 
General Order No. 8. 

The cycle of the year will bring to us, on the .30th of the 
current month, another Memorial Day. After more than four 
years of the greatest civil war known in the annals of time, 
that witnessed over two thousand battlefields of blood and 
carnage, Appomattox passed into history, and the white robed 
angel of peace smiled upon and blessed our country. Then it 
was that the survivors of that great army who had fought 
"that Liberty should not perish from the face of the earth," 
organized the Grand Army of the Republic, inculcating as its 
jtrinciples the duties of Charity, the ties of Fraternity, and 
the obligations of Loyalty to our country's flag; and to per- 
petuate the magnificent heroism and hallowed memories of 
those who perished in the strife, instituted Memorial Day. 
At the beginning it was thought to be a day exclusively ob-. 
served by our Order. It was, however, the revival of a custom 
that long ante-dated the birth of our Saviour, and now has 
grown to be a day of national observance. On that day all 
the people are invited to participate in our ceremonies and 



— fiO— 

assist in our services. What custom so simple and appropriate, 
could so well cultivate the spirit ot" patriotism in our land and 
render tenderer and better the human heart in remem'Srance 
of the dead? The martial bravery of our former enemy is 
remembered "by the Grand Army at the tombs of our own 
dead comrades and there we solemnly pledge a soldier's par- 
don. Upon «x)mmon ground of honoring the brave, the Union 
and Confederate veterans unite to offer tribute to departed 
valor." When our great Commander was sitting umler the 
shadow of death and had spoken his last word on earth, he 
wrote to General Buckner. (now Governor) of Kentucky, and 
said if he could be "assured of our country's unity he would 
be happy." This beautiful and beneficent custom is a white 
winged harbinger of a lasting peace; the inspirations of the 
great soldier's neart are a practical realitv. 

We strew flowers upon their graves; the Union for his 
cause and for his bravery; the Confederate, not for his cause, 
but for his bravery. '-Enemies (we were) in war; in peace, 
friends." A patriotic and appropriate observance of our next 
Memorial Day is enjoined upon the different Posts in this De- 
partment of the Grand Army of the Republic and all the people 
of the embryo State are cordially invited to participate in our 
ceremonies of decoration. On that day all my comrades are 
also enjoined, as far as practicable, to abstain from all secu- 
lar pursuits, and meet at their Post rooms between the hours 
of 9 a. m. and 3 p. m., and thereupon, with due decorum and 
solemnity execute such arrangements as may be convenient 
and practicable for the proper observance of that hallowed day. 

'I'his order does not prevent the joining of two or more 
Posts in its execution. By command of 

James E. Callaway, 
Offici-al: Department Commander. 

Bexj. F. Osborv, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Dept. of Moxtaxa, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, ^ 

Bozemax, August 6, 1889. ) 
General Order No. 4. 

Our next annual Kncampment will convene at Milwaukee 
on the "iTth of this mouth, and continue until the olst. Our 
comrades at Milwaukee and the patriotic citizens of that place 
have made great sacrifices to give the old soldiers and all vis- 
itors a grand and appropriate reception. 

The Grand Army of the Republic is the greatest civic so- 
ciety in this Republic To us and our dead brothers-inarms 
this Nation owes its life; but for our service^* and sacrifices 
Liberty would have perished from the face of the earth. Ev- 
ery home in our broad land and every citizen abroad is pro- 
tected by the flag of our fathers. The proudest distinction 
that any man can claim, "I am a citizen of the United States,"* 



—fil- 
ls a comfort to every member of the Grand Array of the 
Republic. Every sunset warns us the day is near when our 
reunions shall have ceased. 

Earnest efforts were made by the Department Comman- 
der and many friends to secure railroad rates from Milwaukee 
at one cent per mile; other societies have such recognition. 
For some reason unknown to us our petition for decent treat- 
ment was spurned from the thiones of the railroad magnates. 
Time will bring its retribution The fare, as fixed by the 
railroads, from any point in Montana to and from Milwaukee, 
is one rate for the round trip. I recommend that all attend 
who can; I, for one, will stay at home. 

James E. Callaway, 
Official: Department Commander. 

IJenj. F. Osborx, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquakteks Dept. of Moxtaxa, j 

Grand Army of the Republic, J- 

IjOzemax, November 18, 1889. ) 
General Order Xo. 5. 

I. The annual elections of the Post officers for the sev- 
eral Posts of this Department will be held in accordance with 
the rules and regulations of the G. A. R., at the first stated 
meeting of each Post in December, 1889. The present De- 
partment Commander, in the issuance of this order, adopts, as 
most timely, the golden words ot his immediate predecessor, 
following: 

"The Department Commander admonishes every com- 
rade that great care should be exercised in the selection of Post 
officers, as the character of a Post is to a verv great extent 
known by the ofiicers it selects to preside over its affairs, and 
upon the officers (largely) depends the success of the Post. 
The rank badge upon the breast of a comrade should be a 
decoration for valiant service, rendered in the interests of our 
Order, and should be conferred upon those only who are 
worthy of this distinction." 

II. It is enjoined upon each Post Commander that he 
will cause bis Adjutant to promptly notify, by postal card or 
otherwise, all members of his Post in good standing, so there 
can be assured a full attendance of comrades at the election. 

III. At the same meeting each Post will select repre- 
sentatives and alternates to the Sixth Annual Department En- 
camj)ment, to be held at Livingston, Montana, at a day to be 
fixed by the Department Council of Administration. The basis 
of representation is fixed by resolutions adopted at our Third 
Annual Encampment, as follows: 

''Resolved, That each Post in good standing shall be en- 
titled to tw(» representatives, to be selected according to the 
rides and regulations governing the G. A. R., and an addition- 
al re})resentative in the ratio of one for every fifty members 



—62— 

in good standing, and one additional representative for a final 
fraction of more than half that number." 

IV. The Post officers elected for the ensuing year will 
be installed at the first regular meeting: of the Post in Janu- 
ary, 1890. The Senior Past Post Commander (of the Post) 
present will act as installing officer. If there be no Past Post 
Uommander present, the acting Post Commander will desig- 
nate a suitable comrade to perform such duty. Immediately 
after installation, the Post Commander will forward to the 
office of the Assistant Adjutant General a complete roster of 
the officers and members of his Post, duly signed by the Post 
Commander and Adjutant. 

V. Post Commanders are directed to forward to the 
Assistant Adjutant General at these headquarters, immediately 
after the election, theuames of the Post officers-elect, and also 
of the representatives and alternates to the Department En- 
campment, (blanks enclosed); also each representative ana al- 
ternate should be furnished with a certificate of his election, 
signed by the Post Commander and his Adjutant. 

VI. Owing to the press of private business, comrade 
Will Kennedy has resigned the office of Inspector General for 
this Department. His resignation having been accepted, com- 
rade VVm. F. Wheeler, of W^adsworth Post No. b, is hereby 
appointed to fill such vacancy. Comrade Wheeler will be re- 
spected and obeyed accordingly. 

By command of James E. Callaway, 

Official: Department Commander. 

Ben J. F. OsbOrn, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Dept. of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
BozEMAN, Montana, Nov. 27th, 1889. 

General Order No. 6. 

I. The annual inspection of the several Posts of this 
Department is hereby ordered to be made under the direction 
of comrade Wm. F. Wheer, Department Inspector General, as 
follows: 

At all Posts where two monthly meetings are held, the 
inspection will be made at the last regular meeting (of such 
Post) in December, 1889. In all other cases (or Posts) such 
inspection will be made on Monday evening, the 23d ot the 
same month. 

II. Inspections should conform to the rules and regula- 
tions then in force in the Grand Army, and to the forms pre- 
scribed by the Inspector General, G. A. R. So far as prac- 
ticable, inspections should be made at a regular meeting, but 
each Post Commander is directed to call a special meeting for 
that purpose when necessary to conform to paragraph I, above. 
Post Commanders are enjoined to give due and personal no- 



—63— 

tice to all comrades of tbeir respective Posts and require 
prompt attendance at such inspection. 

III. The Assistant Department Inspectors will, in addi- 
tion to the forms given by the Inspector Genera', report par- 
ticularly in answer to the following specific questions: 

1st. Are the officers prompt in attendance and efficient 
in their duties? 

2d. What is the state of discipline and decorum of the 
Post while in session V 

3d. Do the officers and comrades, while the Post is in 
session, enforce and observe the forms and courtesies usually 
practiced in dignified parliamentary bodies? 

4th- Is the ritualistic and unwritten work correctly and 
well rendered at Post meetings — especially in muster-in ser- 
vices? 

5th. Is the descriptive book properly kept? 

6th. Does the Post keep a register book and require the 
same to be signed by all members and visitors at each Post 
meeting? 

7th. Are the Adjutant's record of pi'oceedings well kept 
and promptly recorded? 

8th. Does he carefully file and preserve all orders, com- 
munications, etc.. wheri received? 

9tb. Is the Quartermaster prompt in the collection of 
dues? 

10th. What is the condition of the record of his ac- 
counts and is he prompt in making his reports? 

1 1th. What number of comrades were suspended during 
the year and for what cause? 

12th. Do the records show that the suspended comrades 
were suspended by a vote of the Post, and at a regular meeting? 

13th. How many comrades or ex-soldiers and sailors are 
receiving charitable aid from the Post? 

14th. How many are receiving aid from any other char- 
itable source? 

IV. As it will bfe impracticable for the Department In- 
spector to visit the Posts to make an inspection in person, he 
will nominate to these headquarters the names of comrades 
whom he desires as Assistant Inspectors for the Department, 
and they will be appointed and assigned accordingly. 

V. Assistant Inspectors, upon receiving their appoint- 
ment and instructions, will, at the designated time, proceed to 
the inspection of the Posts assigned them and will make re- 
port thereon, without unnecessary delay, to the office of the 
Department Inspector at Helena. 

VI. It is desirable and very necessary for the well-being 
of our Order that the inspection herein ordered shall be made 
as thorough and complete as possible, and to this end Com- 
manders and subordinate officers of Posts will give the In- 



—64— 

spector all assistance possible in the proper discharge of such 
duty. By command of 

James E. Callaway, Department Commander. 
Official: 

Bexj. F. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, ] 
Grand Army of the Republic, ^- 

Bozeman, Montana, March 10, 1890. j 
General Orders No. 7. 

I"., The regular quarterly inspection, for the first quarter, 
A. 1). r890, of the several Posts of this Department, Grand 
Army of the Republic, is hereby ordered to be held at 8 
o'clock p. m., Saturday, March 29th — current month— under 
the direction of the Department Inspector General. 

II. It is made the duty of all Post, or acting. Command- 
ers to call a meeting of their respective Posts, for the purpose 
of inspection, and for such other business as may properly 
come before the Post .at that date. Due and timely notice of 
such meeting and its purposes must be given by the Post Adju- 
tant, by order of the Post Commander, to each comrade, by 
postal card or other efficient means, so that a full attendance 
of the comrades may be secured. It is especially and fratern- 
ally enjoined upon each Assistant Inspector that he will dili- 
gently aid the Commander and Adjutant of his Post to com- 
ply in letter and spirit with this paragraph 

III. In making such inispection, the Post Commanders and 
Assistant Inspectors will be careful to conform to the require- 
ments and ceremonies prescribed for inspections, found on 
page 52, Book of "Services, G. A. R. The blank forms to i- re- 
ports will be furnished to the general inspecting officers from 
these headquarters. AH Aides-de-Camp are especially enjoin- 
ed to render all possible assistance in making said inspection, 
and will see that the reports are at once made and forwarded 
by next mail to comrade W F. Wheeler, Department Inspec- 
tor General., Helena, Montana. 

IV. All comrades, but notably Post Commanders and 
Aides de-Camp, are advised that the meetings hei't-in ordered 
are of signiticant importance. Much will depend, as to the 
standhig of this Departtnent at the next National En- 
campment, upon the reports made by the staff officei's at our 
next annual Department Encampment, and these reports will 
be based upon the promptness and efficiency of the Post officers 
and the good behavior of the comrades. Upon the Post Com- 
mander rests the responsibility. He will, therefore, not fail 
to see that the reports and returns, due at the end of the pres- 
ent quarter, to the offices of the A.ssistant Adjutant General, 
Quartermaster General, and Inspector General, are properly 
made and forwanled by the last day of this month. 

V. In all cases where Posts have more than one monthly 



r 



—65 — 

meeting, the meeting here called may be in lieu of the last 
regular meeting of such Posts. Post Commanders should act 
accordingly. 

VI. Comrade R. C. Wallace, of Helena, ha^ been ap- 
pointed, by the Commander in-chief. Commissioner for this 
Department to solicit subscriptions from the comrades to build 
a suitable monument to our dead comrade and former chief, 
John A. Logan. Comrade Wallace has to make his report 
March 3 1st — the current month. It is urged that the several 
Posts of this Department will take such action as it may deem 
proper at said meeting for inspecLion, and promptly report to 
Comrade Wallace with its contribution. Every Post, yes, ev- 
ery comrade, will be proud to add a patriotic testimonial. 
Our dead comrade was the model volunteer soldier; and from 
the close of the war until his untimely death, was the truest, 
the best, and the greatest "soldier's friend." 

VII. The Sixth Annual Encampment of this Depart- 
ment, Grand Army of the Republic, is ordered to meet at 
Livingston, Montana, at 12 o'clock, M., April 19,1890 — the 
•25th anniversary of "Appomattox." The Rules and Regula- 
tions of the (i.A.R. define who are members of the encampment. 

VIII. The headquarters of the Department will be es- 
tablished at the Albemarle House, on the 8th, where the Coun- 
cil of Administration will meet, at 7 o'clock on that evening. 
The Council consists of five elected members, viz: Comrades 
John Motfitt, \. H. Morley, C. S. Shomaker, John S. Sloane. 
and George F. Cowan; and the Department Commander, 
Senior and Junior Vice Commanders, Assistant Adjt. Gen'l, 
Q.M. General, Inspector General, Judge Advocate; Chief Must- 
ering Officer, Medical Director, and Chaplain. A full attend- 
ance is requested, as business of importance will be transacted. 

IX. The Department Commander takes great pleasure 
in announcing to all comrades that, through the efficiency of 
committees appointed at Helena and Bntte, all the railroads 
in ^lontana have magnanimously agreed to nfurish all com- 
rades and visitors, going to and returning from the Encamp- 
ment, one-half fare; .or, in other words, full fare one way, for 
the round trip. Tickets can be secured at any station in the 
State. Ample time will be given for the trip, of which the 
railroads will give due notice. 

X. It is hoped ( -oramander-inchief Alger will be able 
to meet with us at Livingston. We would give him a royal 
welcome and a soldier's hearty greeting. All comrades are 
cordially invited to meet with us, whether entitled to seats in 
the Encampment or not; and every reputable veteran will re- 
ceive a soldier's hospitality. The Department Commander es- 
pecially desires that the Department Staff will, at roll call, 
respond "here." By command of 

James E. Callaway, Department Commander. 
Official: Bexj. F. Osborx, Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Dept. of Montana, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, |- 

IjOzemax, Marcb 24, 1890. ) 
Special Ord'er No. 24. 

Comrades B. F. Osborn, L. S. Willson, and E. F. Ferris, 
of Wm. English Post No. 10, are hereby appointed and desig- 
nated, as a select committee, to procure an appropriate batlge 
for the members and visiting comrades, at the next (6th) an- 
nual Encampment of this Department. Said committee have 
the fullest discretion ia the performance of such duty, and 
they will use any means in their power to have the badges at 
Livingston by the evening of the 8th, proximo. 

James E. Callaway, Department Commander. 
Official: 

Benj. F. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Inspector Gfeneral's Report. 

Helena, Montana, April 8, 1890. 
Benj! F. Oshorn.AfSl. Ailjt. Genfal, Dept. of Montana, G. A. R : 

■ Comrade: — I have the honor to submit the following re. 
port of Inspector for the first quarter of the year 1890, made 
in pursuance of General Order No. 7, Headquarters, Depart- 
ment of Montana, G. A. R., and dated Bozeman, March 10th, 
1890. In consequence of the late day upon which the order 
w^s reissued, and the limited time given to call Posts together 
and make the proper inspections, but about half have made 
reports of inspection. The following only have been received: 

John Buford No. 1, Fort Custer. 
Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan. 
Frank Blair No. 6, Virginia City. 
Steadman No. 8, Dillon. 
Wm. English, No. 10, Bozeman. 
J. B. McPherson, No. 18, Boulder. 
U. S. Grant, No. 14, Miles City. 
George G. Meade, No. 16, Anaconda. 
Sheridan, No. 18, Great Falls. 

There is nothing really new in these reports of Assistant 
Inspectors in addition to their reports for 1889, and unless the 
Adjutant General and the Quartermaster Gen'l and the other 
Department officers have received more Post reports than I 
have, I would respectfully recommend that this report be laid 
on the table, and the full reports for the year 1889, be adopted 
for the guidance of the Encampment for thiayear. 

All of which is respectfully submitted.,. ,. 

Yours in F.C. and L., ,'/ ■Wm. F. Wheeler, 

Inspector General. 



I 



>' 



DEPARTMENT ROSTER, 1890. 

• ilOH"'~ 

departmejXt officers. 

ED. F. FERRIS, Bozeman, Department Commander. 
A. P. HART, Billings, - Senior Vice Commander. 
N. H. MORLEY, Anaconda, Junior Vice Commander. 
W. T. COLLINS, Livingston, - Medical Director. 
REV. S. E. SNYDER, Helena, - - Chaplain. 

BEFARTMEKT STAFF. 

Benj. F. Osborn, Bozeman, - Ass't. Adjt. General. 
H. J. Hoppe, Livingston, Ass't Quartermaster General. 
Frank P. Sterling, Helena, - - Inspector General. 
Joseph J. York, Butte, - - Chief Mustering Officer. 
S. A. Wallace, Billings, - - Ass't. Mustering Officer. 
H. S. Howell, Helena, - - Judge Advocate. 

COUXCIL OF ABMIXISTR-ATIOX. 

H. C. Yeager, Helena. 

F. W. Wright, Livingston. 

J. S. Wisner, Anaconda. 

H. H. Zenor, Deer Lodge. 

Otho Klenim, Dillon. 

Delegates to National Encainpinent. 
R. E. Fisk, Helena. - P. R. Dolman, Butte. 

Alternate Delegates. 
William Harmon, Miles City. Josepti J. York, Butte. 

PAST DEPARTMEXT COMMAXDERS. 

Thos. P. Fuller, Helena. 

Chas. S. Warren, Butte, 

E. C. Waters, Billings. 

Junius G. Sanders, Helena. 

Jas. E. Callawav, Virginia Citv. 



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I 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, 

Crand Army of the Republlci^ 



SESSION 1891. 



Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Encampment, De- 
partment of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, held at Anaconda, Montana, 
April 9th, 1891. 



It 



The Seventh Annual Encampment, Department of 
Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, was called to or- 
der at I o'clock p. m., April gth, i8gi, in the post room of 
George G. Meade Post No. i6, in Anaconda, Montana, by 
Department Commander Ed. F. Ferris. Comrade W. W. 
Turney of Meade No. t6 was detailed as officer of the day 
and Comrade M. B. Spier and A. Golder of Meade Post 
as inside guards, and Comrade Isaac Hurst of Meade Post 
as outside guard. In the absence of Asst. Adjt. Gen. B. F. 
Osborn of the department. Comrade George T. Chambers 
of Farragut No. 7 was appointed acting assistant adjutant 
general and Comrade T. O'Learj' as assistant adjutant 
general of the Encampment. 

Comrades John Duff, Warren Post No. 20, R. Ho- 
back, Wadsworth Post No. 3, and George T. Chambers, 
acting ass'stant adjutant general, were appointed as a 
committee on credentials. 

Comrade Lucius Whitney, of Logan Post No. 15, was 
assigned to the Senior Vice Commander's chair in the ab- 
sence of the Senior Vice Commander. 

The Department Commander, calling Past Depart- 
ment Commander Sanders to the chair, made the follow- 
ing address to the Encampment: 

Department Commander's Annual Address. 

Comrades: At the Gth Annual Encampment I had 
the honor of being chosen your Commander for the term, 
and as that term is about to end and I return to the ranks, 
according to our custom, I herewith submit to you a brief 
statement of the condition of our Department, together 
with such recommendations as seem to me proper to fur- 
ther the interests of our order. 

The year just passed has not been an eventful one in 
this Department. The increase in our numbers has not 
been great. One new Post has been organized, viz: John 
C. Fremont Post No. 21, Grantsdale, Missoula county, on 
September 27th, 1890, by Chief Mustering Officer J. J. 
York, with a membership of 21. 

We have lost during the year by transfer, discharge, 
death and dropped, 112 members, and have gained 127 



\k 



members, making our total membership at date of last 
report 689. 

The reports from the different Posts during the year 
indicate a growing interest in the principles, purposes and 
work of the G. A. R. The majority of our losses occur by 
reason of change of residence by members and others 
dropped because of unpaid dues. I recommend that in 
all cases of the latter class — when reserving — that the 
Posts remit such unpaid dues and that they be carried on 
the rolls as members in good standing. This is but putting 
in force one of our cardinal principles. I recommend hav- 
ing more camp fires in ever}' Post; they revive old memor- 
ies and fill the heart with recollections dear to all. They 
touch the social side of man and fill our rolls v/ith names 
that would not otherwise be there. 

The Depirtment of Montana was ably represented at 
the Boston Encampment by Delegates Fisk and Dolman 
and bv Comrade Yaeger of Wadsworth Post, who volun- 
teered to carry the colors of this Department throughout 
the entire line of march, and as Comrade Fisk writes: "re- 
ceived the grandest possible greeting from the multitude 
of spectators." We are still without a Department badge. 
At the 5th Annual Encampment Comrade \V. F. Sanders 
was appointed Chairman of the Committee to adopt a 
badge and report in time for the National Encampment of 
that year. Comrade Eaton was appointed an additional 
member of that committee; his report to the Assistant Ad- 
jutant General will be read at the proper time. I hope the 
badge will materialize before the next national encampment 
meets, and to that end would suggest that the old commit- 
tee be discharged and another appointed with Comrade 
Eaton as chairman, as Comrade Sanders' duties do not 
give him time to act with the other members of the com- 
mittee. 

The burden of providing for our Annual Encampments 
falls on the Post where the Encampment is held, as Com- 
rades who belong to those Posts can testify. None have 
a surplus, being constantly called upon to help the needy, 
and as the Department tax gives us a surplus each year, it 
seems to me that it would be proper and right for the De- 
partment to set aside a certain sum each year for the pur- 
pose of defraying the expenses of each Annual Encamp- 
ment, thereby distributing the expense equally among all 
the Comrades, and -then the Posts could continue in the 
good work of helping those in need without calling on 
Comrades personally for funds. 

The amounts paid out for charity are annually increas- 
ing. The past year nearly $500.00 was expended by differ- 
ent Posts, an increase of nearly $300 over the pre^'ious year. 
I invite your close attention to the reading of the de- 
tailed reports of the other officers that you may ^oroughly 



understand the conditio! of the Department at the present 
time. 

Other Departments are actively working to see that 
every School House has the American Flag floating over 
it and the Posts in this Department should also take some; 
action in this matter. It concerns us all. Every school 
house in Montana should float the stars and stripes, and if 
the Legislature on being petitioned refuses to pass such 
laws as will compel every school district in the state to pur- 
chase a flag, then this Department by its Posts, so far as 
they can, without injury to themselves, financially, should 
take some action toward securing flags for schools in the'r 
respective districts. Let us not forget "The Little Red 
School House," the educator of our boys and girls, and se3 
that they have the Old Flag to look at and remind them 
that it is the same old flag their fathers fought under and 
made it possible for them to live in a free country. 

"Stand by the little school house, 

This shall our watchword be. 

Stand by the little school house, 

Cradle of L,iberty." 

Sons of Veterans. 

The Sons of Veterans in Montana, so far as I have 
been able to learn, are steadily increasing in membership. 
I can speak knowingly of George A. Custer Camp of Boze- 
man. In January they had a rousing camp fire, which I 
had the pleasure of attending with other members of the 
G. A. R. It is in a very prosperous condition. With the 
encouragement and help of the old soldiers the order will 
continue to grow, and it should be so, as they will take 
our places, and while the G. A. R. will be of the past its 
principles will live under the name of the Sons of Veter- 
ans. I bespeak for them a heart}' welcome at this En- 
campment. 

Women's Relief Corps. 

An organization by the noble, loyal women of Amer- 
ica that is accomplishing much good in nearly every state, 
is the Woman's Relief Corps. We have only one Corps, 
that auxiliary to Wadsworth No. 3, Helena, but the Na- 
tional Instituting and Installing Officer of the Corps is 
making an effort which I hope will succeed to establish 
auxiliaries to each Post in this Department. If they are 
not needed as much nQW as they undoubtedly will be in the 
future, now is the time to organize and prepare for the time 
when, as the state grows older and more populous and it 
becomes more difficult to earn a livelihood, they will be 
needed to look after the widows and orphans and such 
worthy comrades as are de^'tilute and need their assistance. 
The Comrades in the Department should assist in every 
possible way in carrying on this good work. 



—4 — 

Sherman and Porter. 

Comrades W. T. Sherman and David Porter, answer- 
ing; to the same call, have passed behind the vale into the 
eternity beyond. Each in his particular sphere a leader of 
leaders, directing the forces of the war with almost unriv- 
aled power and skill and taking high rank nmong the mili- 
tary and naval men of the world. Yet, as all that is human 
must, each of these great heroes has succumbed to death 
and a stricken nation bows in sorrow. 

Comrades, I appreciate very highly, more than I can 
express in words, the honor ot being Commander of this 
Department, and most sincerely do I thank you for the 
same. The duties of the position have been performed to 
the best of my ability. We are soon to part for another year 
and it is my most heartfelt wish that the Great Commander 
of all may permit us to meet man}" times, and "as we go 
from here let us not forget to take with us into our daily 
lives that fraternit}- of feeling which should bind us to- 
gether as comrades." 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. &L. , 

Ed. F. Ferris, Commander. 

Tlie following letter of regret for non-attendance at the 
Encamprnent was read: 

BozEMAN, Montana, April 8, 1891. 

Ed. F. Ferris, Department Cmnmander: 

Dear Sir AND Comrade: — For the second time during 

my term of office as Assistant Adjutant General I find it 
impossible to attend the encampment. Last year "la 
grippe" held me fast in bed and this year my partner being 
absent business interests detain me at home. It is a great 
disappointment not to have the pleasure of meeting the 
"old boys" and especially those with whom I have had 
such pleasant relations during the past year. To my suc- 
cessor I would say, "If the Post Adjutants and Quarter- 
masters happen to be a little -slow in sending in their re- 
ports, don't get excited; they will get there after awhile." 
Hoping you will have a grand, good time, and that 
you will all come to Bozeman next year, I am 
Yours in F. C. &. L., 

Benj. F. Osborn, a. a. Gen'l. 

Comrade Eaton, Post 10, moved that the Command- 
er's address be referred to a committee of three for report 
on the recommendations therein. Seconded and carried, 
and Comrades Eaton, Post 10, Kennedy, Post 13 and Dol- 
man, Post 2, were appointed as such committee. 

Comrade Eaton was excused from service on the com- 
mittee at his own request and Comrade Sloan of Post 1 1 was 
appointed in his stead. 

Comrade Kennedy of Post 13 moved*that a rule be 
adopted that the chair be not governed in the appointment 
of a committee to name as the chairman thereof the mover 



, ZIP.Z1 

of the motion for the appointment of such committee. The 
motion was seconded by Comrade Eaton, Post lo, for the 
purpose, as he stated, of opposing it, and on a vote the 
motion was lost. 

Roll call of officers. The following were present: 

Ed. F. Ferris, Department Commander. 

N. H. Morley, Junior Vice Commander. 

Rev. S. E. Snyder, Chaplain. 

Department Staff. 

H. J. Hoppe, Assistant Quartermaster General. 

Frank P. Sterling, Inspector General. 

J. J. York, Chief Mustering Officer. 

H. S Howell, Judge Advocate. 

Past Department Commanders. 

Charles S. Warren, Junius G. Sanders. 
Council of Administration. 

H. C. Yaeger, F. W. Wright, J. S. Wisner, and H. 
H. Zenor. 

The Committee on Credentials, through the Acting 
Assistant Adjutant General, made the following report. 

The following named Comrades are entitled to seats 
in the Encampment. 

Department Officers, 

Ed. F. Ferris, Post No. lo, Bozeman, Commander. 

A. P. Hurt, Post No. 15, Billings, S. V. Commander. 

N. H. Morley, Post No. 16, Anaconda, J. V. Commd'r. 

W. T. Collins, Post No. 7, Livingston, Med. Director. 

Rev. S. E. Snyder, Post No. 3, Helena, Chaplain. 
Department Stafi. 

Ben]. F. Osborn, Post No. 10, Bozeman, Ass't. Adjt. 
General. 

H. J. Hoppe, Post No. 7, Livingston, Ass't Q. M.Gen. 

Frank P. Sterling, Post No. 3, Helena, Inspector Gen. 

J. J. York, Post No. 2, Butte, Chief Mustering Officer. 

H. S. Howell, Post No. 6, Virginia City, Judge Adv. 
Council of Administration. 

H. C. Yaeger, Post No. 3, Helena; F. W. Wright, 
Post No. 7, Livingston; J. S. Wisner, Post No. 16, Ana- 
conda; H. H. Zenor, Post No. 4, Deer Lodge; Otto 
Klem, Post No. 8, Dillon. 

Past Department Commanders. 

Thomas P. Fuller, Helena; Charles S. Warren, Butte; 
E. C. Waters, Billing*; Junius G. Sanders, Helena; Jas. 
E. Callaway, Virginia Citv- 

Delegates to the Encampment. 

John Buford Post No. i, Fort Custer, 17 Members. 

Delegates— Robert L,Yon, E. M. Walker. Alternates— John 
Fleming-, Christian Hanson. Past Commanders — Joseph Upham, 
Joseph Reinhardt, Curtis E. Price, J. K. McComber, S. E. Fishel. 
Post Commander— R. W. Cumming-s. 



—6— 

Lincoln Post No. 2, .Butte, 52 Members. 

Deleg^ates— J. B. Scott, R. G. Huston, J. H. Jacksen. Alter- 
nates — Thomas Rafferty, O. B. Benson, Patrick Fox. Past Com- 
manders — P. R. Dolman, C. S. Shoemaker, Harry C. Kessler, C. 
S. Warren, J. D. Jenks, L. E. Holmes, John Raley. Post Com- 
mander — J. J. York. 

W^adsworth Post No. 3, Helena, 154 Members. 

Delegates -John Moffitt, Richard Hoback, F. P. Sterling-, H 

C. Yaeger, John C. Major. Alternates — Chas. Horn, Abraham 
Thomas, William A. Haven, J. B. Loomis. Past Commanders — 
Thomas P. Fuller, Robert C. Wallace, Junius G. Sanders, R. A. 
Craig, George W. Shaw, Robert E. Fis-k, H. F. C. Kleinschmidt. 
Post Commander— Ed. S. Walker. 

Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge, 22 Members. 

Delegates — John F. Vaughn, John Keiley. Alternates — J. 
W. Fox, Stephen Glover. Past Commanders -D. J. McMillan, 
H. H. Zenor, Lew Coleman, H. A. Smurr, James H. Mills. Post. 
Commander — B. F. Martz. 

Custer Post No. 5, She.idan, 24 Members. 

Delegates — William Hall, A. D. Rossiter. Alternates — J. R. 
Comfort, Mark Brown. Past Commanders — E. L. Dickinson, L. 

D. Moore, O. T. Parmeter. Post Commander— G. W. Righte- 
nour. 

Frank P. Blair Post No. 6, Virginia City, 23 Members. 

Delegates — George Burns, S. B. Page. Alternates — Joseph 
Hoffman, A. E. Gloyd. Past Commanders — J. E. Callaway, H. 
N. Blake, Eugene Stark, J. B. Carruthers, Steve Gainer, F. P. 
Cox, John W. Davis. Post Commander — J. B. Howe. 
Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston, 53 Members. 

Delegates — William Greene, A. E. Owens, A. Harris. Al- 
ternates— N. Ebert, O. Button, William Redfield, A. B. Hicks. 
Past Commanders — P. Hoopes, George T. Chambers, T. W. 
Wright, G. W. Grant, John Skillen, H. J. Hoppe. Post Com- 
mander — H. W. Bingham. 

Steadman Post No. 8, Dillon, 17 Members. 

Delegates — Benjamin Bond, Thomas Loughridge. Alter- 
nates— J. Riche, T. M. O'Connor. Past Commanders— Otto 
Klem, David Lam'^nt. Post Commander — Benjamin Bond. 
W^illiam English Post No. 10, Bozeman, 82 Members. 
Delegates— G. O. Eaton, J. W. Sanderson, J. W. Swan, G.W. 
Flanders. Alternates— J. A. McElroy, J. H. Nixon, W. Scott, 
Mathew C. H. Sprague. Past Commanders— E. F. Ferris, J. M . 
Lindley, B. F. Osborn, W. T. Smith, R. Edwards, L. S. Willson. 
Post Commander — C. E. Lancaster. 

Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missoula, 30 Members. 
Delegates— F. Kennett, W. E. Bancroft, H. Lamont. Alter- 
nates— E. M. Tower, C. E. Atcherson, W. E. Potter. Past Com- 
manders — John L. Sloan, Will Kennedy, C. W. Lombard, W. J. 
Livingston, Eli Fisher. Post Commander— T. J. McClung. 
Thomas L. Cane Post No. 12, Glendive, 18 Members. 
Representative — M. P. Wj'man. 

J. B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder, 30 Members. 
Delegates — J. H. Nelson, Joel Breeze, M. Weber. Alternates 
— S. S. Street, Horace Tavlor, Charles Sargent. Past Command- 
ers— V. A. Cook, George 'TenEyck, N. S. Kellogg, George T. 
Cowen, Will Kenned^'. Post Commander — Tom H. Boj'se. 
U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City, 29 Members. 
Delegates — Abram Hall, Franklin Morau. Alternates — Wm. 
Harmon, Jacob Hirschfield. Post Commander— E. J. Carpenter. 



I 



— 7- 



John H. Logan Post No. 15, Billings, 27 Members. 

Delegates— Roberts, Wallace. Alternates 

Van Wagner, Hoskins. Past Commanders -Joseph Rein- 

hardt. Lucius Wiiitney, M. C. Mains, E. C. Waters. J. R. Goss, 
A. P. Hart. Post Commander — Lucius Whitney. 

George G. Meade Post No. i5. Anaconda, 24 Members. 

Delegates -W. W. Turney, B. W. Johnson. Alternates — A. 
Short, A. P. Stevens. Past Commanders— Austin B. Gales, T. 
C. Davidson, J. S. Wisner. Post Commander — T. C. Davidson. 
Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls, 18 Members. 

Delegates— Charles Taylor, F. Geo. Heldt. Alternates— G. 

H. Armstrong, E. M. W . Past Commanders— D. C. 

McGill, Charles Taylor. Post Commander — J. O. Gregg. 
James A. Shields Post No. 19, Livingston, 27 Members. 

Delegates — 

Alternates — 

Past Commanders — S. S. Harper, Benson H. Bowman. 

Post Commander — 

G. K.V\,'arren Post No. 20, Fort Benton, 21 Members. 

Delegates — ;J. B. Donnelly, Thomas A. Cummings. Alter- 
nates — W. Gould Smith, J. C. Clark. Post Commander John C. 
Duff. 

John C. Fremont Post No. 21, Grantsdale, 21 Members. 

Delegates — 

Alternates — 

Post Commander A. J. Wilkerson. 

R. HOBACK, 

John C. Duff, . 
George T. Chambers, 
Committee on Credentials. 
On motion the report of the committee was adopted. 



Reports of Officers. 

The Ass't. Adjt. General made the following report: 

Headquarters Department of Montana, } 
Grand Army of the Republic. f 

Bozeman, Montana, April 6, 1891. 
Ed. F. Ferris, Departinent CoTmnander: 

Comrade: — As required by the rules and regulations, 
I herewith submit to the Department ny report of the 
transactions of this office for the year i8go. 

On December 31, i88g, there were in good standing 
18 Posts and 674 members. On December 31, i8go, there 
were ig Posts and 68g members, a gain of one Post and 
fifteen members, The new Post is John C. Fremont No. 
21, at Grantsdale, Missoula county, and was mustered 
September 27, i8go, by Chief Mustering Officer Comrade 
J. J. York. 

Membership in good standing December 31, 1889 - 674 

Gains — By Muster in - - - . . 90 

By Transfer ---... 2I 

By Reinstatement - . . . 13 

By " from Delinquent Reports 3 

Total Gains - - . . 127 



Aggregate 



801 



—8— 

Losses— By Death - - . . g 

By Honorable Discharg-e - - 9 

By Transfer - - - - 23 

By Suspension - - - 72 

Total Loss . - . . 112 

Number remaining- in good standing - 689 

Net gain of 15 members during the year. 
There remained in this office a balance of S46. 17 from 
the year 1890, which has been expended for postage and 
expressage as shown by vouchers. Have also drawn on 
the A. Q. M. General for $7, which has been expended for 
postage. 

There has been expended during the year for the re- 
lief of comrades and their families $444.15, an increase of 
$274.65 over the previous year. 

To yourself and my associates and to the comrades 
throughout the department with whom I have had official 
relations my thanks are due for the uniform courtesy with 
which I have been treated. 

Respectfully in F. C. & L., 

Benj. F. Osborn, Ass't Adjt. Gen 
The Ass't. Q. M. General made the following report: 

Office of Assistant Quartermaster General, i 

OF THE Grand Army of the Repubuc, ■- 

Department of Montana. ) 

Livingston, Montana, April 8, i8gi. 

To the Council of Adminisiration: 

Comrades: — I have the honor to present the following 
financial report of this department for the year ending 
April I, 1891. 

Balance on hand April 9, 1890 - - - - S 634.96 

Receipts from per capita tax during fiscal year - 539.50 

Receipts from other sources - . . 95.99 

Total - - . . $1,270.45 
Contra— 

To Dep't per capita tax during fiscal year $ 39.41 

To salary and fees to B. J. Osborn, A. A. G. 310.00 

To postage and stamps - - 8.00 

To Supplies and Printing- - - 251.28 

Total - - - S608.99 

Balance on hand ... 661.76 



$1,270.45 $1,270.45 
Balance on hand, $661.76. 

Respectfully in F. C. & L., 

H. J. HoppE, A. Q. M. General, 

Department Montana. 



The Inspector General made the following report: 

Benjamin F. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General, G. 
A. B., Department of Montana: 
Comrade: — I have the honor to submit herewith the 



following as my report as Assistant Inspector General of 
this Department for the year just past. 

It will be remembered that at our last Annual En- 
campment, it was suggestea at least, and I an under the 
impression a resolution was adopted, that an Assistant In- 
spector should be appointed from each post in the Depart- 
ment, whose duty it should be to inspect their respective 
Posts and to make reports to the inspector general, the 
same to be used hy him as data in making up his report, 
and thereby relieving him of the duty of visiting each Post 
as well as saving the traveling expenses which would na- 
turally be incurred should the Inspector General visit the 
various Posts. 

During the past year this plan was adopted and the 
Assistant Inspectors were appointed by our Department 
Commander, and I am pained to report that only six of the 
Inspectors appointed have made their inspection and sent 
me their reports. 

In quite a number of cases considerable correspond- 
ence and solicitation was necessary on my part in order to 
get these Assistants to act, and as I have stated all but six 
Posts within this Department have failed entirely in send- 
ing in a report, and I very reluctantly state that such neg- 
lect on tlie part of the Post or Posts not only shows a lack 
of interest and discipline existing in the Posts themselves, 
but is aNo a reflection on the entire Department of Mon- 
tana. In some cases where no reports have been made 
the Posts are numerically the strongest in the Department 
and we can see at once that the practical result is that we 
are not properly reported or represented by our Inspector 
General in his report to the National Encampment. 

Now, as these inspections have been conducted by an 
Assistant Inspector, chosen from within its own 
members, it is not only natural but perhaps proper that 
such Assistant Inspectors should be. somewhat biased in 
favor of his own Post, and in a second and more import- 
ant view of it he inspects no other Post in the Department 
— hence there are as many official standards of discipline 
and efficiency as there are Posts. I would therefore re- 
spectfully recommend and if permitted urgently request 
that hereafter the Inspector General for this Department 
be required to visit all the Posts within the state and make 
the inspection required personally and in this manner he 
will be able to gather much data that will be found of val- 
ue and benefit to our noble order, not only within but 
without this jurisdiction. I desire in this report to refer 
to one other subject. 

I find that the blanks sent out to the different Posts 
upon which the Assistant Inspectors are required to make 
their respective reports, do not conform or furnish sufficient 
data whereby the Inspector General of this Department 



-lO 

can make up such a report as required of him by the Na- 
tional Encampment. The forms of blanks referred to 
should be changed in this respect. 

And now, finally, in closing this report, I will call at- 
tention of this Department to our successors, "The Sons 
of Veterans," for it cannot be disputed or even doubted fur 
a moment that in a few short years these sons of ours are 
to take our places, and I am most happy to state that this 
order in Montana is in a flourishing condition. The De- 
partment is commanded by good and efficient officers, and 
the thought is a happy one when we reflect that there are 
now within the United States of America more than three 
hundred thousand of these noble sons of ours who, with 
the same purpose in view^, the same great objects to ac- 
complish, are marching steadily, bravely, proudly to the 
front, and under the same banner, the Starry Flag of the 
Free that has been maintained and upheld by you and I 
during the past. As stated, the time is not iar distant 
when this Grand Army of the Republic must cease to exist 
forever; but its principles must still hve, and there can be 
no more certain mode of this perpetuation than from inher- 
itance, and the body of noble young men to whom we have 
referred taught to love liberty, to love their country, honor 
its constitution, and obey its laws, will constitute a force 
before which treason and anarchy will be powerless. 
Respectfully submitted in F. C. &. L., 

F. P. Sterling, Inspector General. 



The Department Chaplain made the following report: 

Helena, Montana, April 8, 1891. 

Benj. F. Osborti, Assistant Adjutant General, De- 
partment of Montana, G. A. R. 

Sir:— I have the honor to submit herewith my report 
in compliance with Order No. 2, by Department Com- 
mander, dated Bozeman, Montana, May 4, iSgo 

He.'Vdquarters Department of Montana, ) 
Grand Army of the Republic S 

Bozeman, Montana, May 4, 1890. 

General Order ,^0. 2. 

I. The observance of May 30th as Memorial Day, with 
its beautiful ceremonies, is one of the duties peculiar to 
our organization, required by the Rules and Regulations, 
and it should be performed willingly and in a reverent 
spirit. No more fitting tribute can be offered in memory 
of our fellow Comrades than to decorate their graves with 
the choicest flowers cf springtime entwined with the ever- 
green and laurel crowned with the emblems of the nation, 
which in its hour of peril they so faithfully defended. 

II. Invitations should be extended to the Women's 
Relief Corps and Sons of Veterans, where such organiza- 



-II 



tions are, and to all patriotic and liberty loving citizens 
generally to join with us in observing the day. 

III. As May 30th is by law general inspection day 
for the Montana National Guard, and in order that they 
may take part in the services. Post Commanders will, in 
cities where there are organized companies of M. N. G's, 
confer with the commanding officers of such companies 
and arrange the hour for the memorial ceremonies so as 
not to interfere with the inspection. 

IV. The custom of attending divine service on the 
Sunday preceding Memorial Day should be continued, and 
to that end it is directed that Post Commanders and Chap- 
lains arrange to have their respective Posts attend service 
in a body on that day, and all ministers of the gospel are 
requested to deliver an appropriate sermon in their places 
of \\( rship. 

V. Post Chaplains will forward to the Department 
Chaplain Rev. S. E. Snyder, Helena, on blanks furnished 
by the Department, a full report of the services on that 
day. B}'^ Command of 

Official: Bexj. F. Osborn, Ed. F. Ferris, 

Ass't Adjt. General. Dep't Commander. 

Issued the following circular to Post Chaplains: 

Helena, Montana, Ma}' 13, 1890. 

Circular J\i^o. 1, To Post Chaplains Department of Mon- 
Montana. 
De.\r Comrades: — I would respectfully call your atten- 
tion to "General Order No. 2." from the Department 
Commander relative to the observance of May 30th as 
Memorial Day. A day sacred to the memory of the 
Nation's dead heroes who gave their lives for the preserva- 
tion of the Union. No Nation can afford to forget its 
fallen heroes. Therefore let each Post Chaplain do his 
utmost to make Memorial Day what it should be, that 
when ttie remnant now living of the Grand Army of the 
Republic shall have been mustered out our children will 
revere the names, cherish their memory and perpetuate 
this beautiful custom of decorating the graves of the 
nation's heroes. 

In order that we may have something to lay up in the 
Archeries of the G. A. R. from this Department I would 
respectfully request each Post Chaplain to furnish to my 
address in Helena the^following as soon after May 30th as 
possible: 

1st. No. of G. A. R. in line. 

2nd. No. of old Soldiers not members of the G. A. R, in line, 
3rd. Military, Civic and other org'anizations in line. 
4th. No. of graves decorated. 
5th. Death roll for j-ear ending May 30th 1889. 
Yours in F. C. and L. 

S. E. Snyder, Department Chaplain. 
Circular No. i was sent to each Post in the Depart- 



— 12 — 

ment. I have received reports from the following Post 
Chaplains: S. K. Fishel, John Buford, Post No. i.; E. 
Capple, Wm. English, Post No. lo. ; E. K. Chapman, U. 
S. Grant Post No. 14. 

No reports from the remaining 17 Posts in the De- 
partment. In the absence of a report from the several 
Posts we do not infer that they did not observe "Memorial 
Day" but failed to comply with the request in Circular No. 
I and obey the order of the Department Commander. 

With sadness we are compelled to report the names 
of eight comrades: 

Ross Deeg-an, Waldsworth Post No. 3. 

Geo. E. Staples, Wald.-worth Post No. 3. 

Georg'e Reeder, Farragut Post No. 7. 

Thomas M. Jones, Wm. Eng-lish Post No. 10. 

Peter Stroup, Win. English Post No. 10. 

J. L. Sanborn, Wm. English Post No. 10. 

W. J. Livingston, Fred Wintrop Post No. 11. 

James Huges, U. S. Grant Post No. 14. 
who have answered the call and have been mustered out. 
Their presence we miss in our annual gathering. We can 
only wait in the line of duty until the Great Commander 
shall call us to the Grand Re-union above. 
Respectfully submitted 

S. E. Snyder, Deparment Chaplain. 
The Chief Mustering officer made the following report: 
Being oral he in substance reported that he nad per- 
formed such duties as fell to him; that he had mustered in 
one new Post, John C. Fremont Post No. 21 at Grants- 
dale, Missoula County. 

The report of the Delegates to the National Encamp- 
ment being called for the delegates stated that they had 
made a written report to the Department Commander. 
This report not being at hand further time was granted 
Comrade Fiske of Post 3 to make a special report. Com- 
rade Fiske, Post 3 and Comrade Dolman Post 2 made an 
oral report on the work of the National Encampment and 
the incidents occurring at the great parade in Boston of 
80,000 veterans. It seems that the Montana delegation of 
three maintained their full share of the streets of Boston 
and the plaudits of the spectators in the parade. In the 
modesty of their naration of the events the delegates 
would give to his comrade delegate the benefit of being the 
sole attraction, but as a whole the Department Encamp- 
ment were impressed by the reports with the fact that no 
bashfulness and oversensitiveness on the part of their del- 
egates to the Boston Encampment had the effect of with- 
drawing attention from them. Neither was a "tenderfoot" 
in Boston and no doubt their cry of "Ora Y Plata" had the 
effect of startling the quiet streets of the old Puritan City. 
Comrade H. C. Yeager Post No. 3 made a supplement- 
ary report on the same subject. He had carried the Flag of 
the Department in the parade and from the report of the 



I 



delegates helped to draw attention to the fact that Montana 
<'\vas in it." 

The Council of Administration made the following 
report: 

Anaconda, Montana, April gth 1891. 
The Council of Administration met. Present, Depart- 
ment Commander E. F. Ferris, Comrades H. C. Yeager 
and J. S. Wisner and Acting Ass't Adj't Gen'l Geo. T. 
Chambers. 

The Ass't Adj't Gen'l's report showing a balance of 
$20 on hand was approved. 

The Report of the Committee on printing showing ex- 
penditures of $96 for printing the proceedings of the Fifth 
and Sixth Annual Department Encampments was ap- 
proved. 

The report of the Ass't Q. M. Gen'l showing a balance 
of $662.76 was found correct except error of $1 in favor of 
the Ass't Q. M. Gen'l. With this exception the report 
was approved. 

The Council of Administration impresses upon Post 
Adjutants and Quartermasters the necessity of making 
their reports promptly at the end of each term as it is 
impossible for the Ass't Adj't Gen'l and the Ass't Q. M. 
Gen'l to make up their reports until the Post reports are 
all in. 

Henry C. Yeager, 

J. S. Wisner, 

Geo. T. Chambers, A. A. A. G. 

Council of Administration, 
The Judge Advocate made the following Report: 
Department of Montana, > 

Grand Army of the Repubi^ic. j 

ANACONDA, April 9th 1891. 
B. F. Osborne, Ass't Adj't Gen'l. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit this my report as 

Judge A-dvocate of the Department for the past year: 

I find that the duties of the office and the salary con- 
nected therewith are synonomous — that is to say — there 
is none of either. Believing as I do that there is no man 
within the limits of the Grand Encampment of ours better 
fitted to fill an office where there is nothing to do than the 
undersigned, and trusting that my services in this regard 
have been properly appreciated by the Deparment Com- 
mander 

I am Sir Very Respectfxdly 

H. S. Howell, Judge Advocate. 
On motion the reports of officers were referred to a 
Committee consisting of Comrades P. R. Dolman of Post 
2, Thomas Loughridge of Post 8, Abram Hall of Post 14, 
and Pierce Hughes of Post 7. 

The Department Commander appointed the following 
as the Committe on Resolutions: Comrade J. W. Sander- 



— H— 

son of Post lo, Comrade L. E. Holmes of Post 2, Com- 
rade Will Kennedy of Post 13. 

Circular letter from the Commander in Chief in refer- 
ence to the National Encampment at Detroit, Mich., was 
read and on motion was referred to the delegates to be 
elected to the National Encampment. 

The following Communication from the Montana 
Division of the Sons of Veterans was read: 

Headquarters Montana | 
DIVISION S. V. U. S. A. f 
HELENA, Mont. June 16-17, 1890. 

Whereas there was adopted at the last Annual Encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic the following resolu- 
tion: 

"Whereas We recognize the fact that we, of the old, must soon 
through natural causes, give way to the new, we recognize 
further, that the old Veterans must of necessity, have their 
habits largely fixed while those who are to come after us, and 
take our places are still largely in the formative periods of their 
characters and must also, of necessitjsbe subject to any influence 
which would be adverse to their growing into loj'al patriotic men 
and good citizens; and 

Whereas, While there may be some reasonable degree of 
doubt as to the ill effects on the old Soldiers of the custom of 
serving wine at our encampments, there can be no possible 
doubt as to its effects on the young men who are the future hope 
of our country; and 

Whereas, We cannot in justice to ourselves and our duty to 
our Common Countrj-, consent to stand sponsors for anything 
that will tend to the pi'omotion of bad morals and bad habits; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, As the sense of this Encampment that we regard 
with loving thoughts and filial affection our Military heirs and 
lineal successors the Sons of Veterans of the Division of Mon- 
tana and desire in every possible way within our power to en- 
courage them in the principles of patriotism, loyalty and good 
citizenship; be it 

Resolved, Further that in the exercise of our most solemn con- 
victions we feel that we should lay the axe at the root of the evil 
and therefore declare that in all future banquets of the G. A. R. 
of this Department where wine is to be served that sound judg- 
ment will show to the Sons of Veterans that we are doing our 
simple duty in not inviting them to participate therein; and that 
such occasions shall be sacred to the old Veterans themselves; 
be it 

Resolved, Further, that a copy of these resolutions be fur- 
nished to the Division Commander, Sons of Veterans, Depart- 
ment of Montana. 

Signed, F. P. Sterling, 

S. E. Snyder, 
Geo. O. Eaton, 

Committee." 

And Whereas, The said resolution is directed to the Organ- 
ization of the Sons of Veterans; as is therein stated with a view 
of benefitting the order; and^ 

Wherp:as, Said resolution does not confine itself to the organ- 
ization as an organization but goes futher and casts a serious re- 
flection upon every member of the order; and 

Whereas, The respective members of our order feel that, 
although the Grand Army of the Republic may have 
thouglit they were doing something for the benefit of the Sons 
of Veterans by passings such resolutions, believe that the seme 



—15— 

was wholly unwarranted and casts a bad reflection not only up- 
on our order, but upon each individual member thereof and 
bring^s their honor and reputation into question; and 

Whereas, This organization and each and every individual 
member thereof, believes that every son of a veteran has arrived 
at the ag'e of discretion and is possessed of at least some honor 
and dig-nity, and prides himself on a good reputation; and 

Whereas, The said resolutions question such honor and 
dig-nitj- and attacks our reputation by insinuating that the indi- 
vidual members of our org-anization are not possessed of g-ood 
morals, are so far beyond the control of our own g^ood judg^ment 
as not to be able to withstand temptation or refrain from the 
use of intoxicating liquors, and are not capable of conducting- 
ourselves in public; and 

Whereas, It is the unanimous sentiment of this Encamp- 
ment and each individual member thereof that such accusations 
and insinuations should be resented and that we should show to 
the Grand Army of the Republic of Montana that we feel the in- 
sult that has been cast upon us and that we feel that we are men 
and capable of conducting- ourselves as men and that we are 
possessed of sufficient honor to enable us to sustain the g-ood rep- 
utation that we deem that we possess, und not deg-rade ourselves 
as to sacrifice such honor and reputation by giving- ourselves up 
to vices that the Grand Army of the Republic sug-gest; now there- 
fore be it 

Resolved, That we condemn the action of the Grand Army 
of the Republic in passing- the Resolution in so far as it bring-s 
the honor and reputation of our order and the individual mem- 
bers thereof in question and casts reflection upon our g-ood name 
and standing as an organization and individuals; be it further 

Resolved, That no member of this org-anization attend any 
gathering- of the Grand Armv of the Republic of Montana either 
where liquor is, or is not used until the said Grand Army shall 
by proper resolution retract that which it has said to our detri- 
ment; and be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the 
Commander of the Montana Division of the G. A. R. and to the 
Commander of each Post of said Division. 

N. J. O'Brien, 
Geo. O. Freeman, 
Geo. F. Dougherty, 
J. W. Ellickson, 
Jno. KeIvLY, 

Committee. 

Comrade Warren Post Department Commander moved 
the repeal of the resolution adopted at the last Encamp- 
ment referred to in the communication of the Sons of Vet- 
erans and spoke eulogically of the Sons of Veterans as an 
organization and the chairman of the committee of the 
Sons of Veterans with whom he said he was personally 
acquainted and whose honorable record as a business man 
of Butte was a guarantee that anything he took in hand 
had merit. * 

The motion was seconded by Comrade Yeager of Post 
3 and many other comrades. 

Comrade L. E Holmes of Post 2 moved as an amend- 
ment that the communication be referred to the committee 
who had reported the resolutions at the last encampment, 
which amendment was seconded by Comrade Dolman of 



— 16— 

Post 2 who made extended remarks in favor of the amend- 
ment. 

Comrade Eaton of Post lo spoke on the question at 
length explanatory of the circumstances attending the 
framing of the resohitions, denying that any slur was in- 
tended to be cast upon the Sons of Veterans as an organ- 
ization or upon any individual member thereof but claim- 
ing that the resolutions were justified and such that should 
have been passed, and rtad the resolutions as then passed. 

Comrade Sterling, Post 3, spoke on the question of the 
amendment narrating the facts in relation to the passing 
of the resolutions, justifying their passage but avering no 
reflection upon the Sons of Veterans was intended thereby. 
Comrade Snyder, Post 3, also spoke to ihe same effect. 
Comrade Sanders, Post Department Commander, 
spoke in favor of the amendment seconding the motion of 
Comrade Holmes and on a vote the amendment was car- 
ried and the subject matter was referred to a committee 
consisting of 

Coinrade Eaton, Post 10. 

Comrade Sterling-, Post 3. 

Comrade Snyder, Post 3. 

Comrade Holmes, Post 2. 

Comrade Zenor, Post 4. 
Comrade Sanders, Past Department Commander in 
the Chair read the following communications: 

Helena, Montana, April 8th, i8gi. 

To the Covivades G. A. R. in Departrnent Encamp- 
ment, Anaconda, Montana. 

Commander and Comrades: — In my absence from 
your midst will some of you kindly urge that all Posts of 
the G. A. R. in Montana prepare as soon as possible and 
send to me a corrected list of the deceased comrades 
whose graves you know. Giving the name of each com- 
rade in full, his rank. Company, Regiment and State en- 
listed from, with as near as possible his age and date of 
death, and where now resting. I may help you to have 
prepared and sent to you by the Government stones to set 
up to mark their graves. 

And believe me ever yours in F. C. & L. 

Geo. W. Shaw. 

Helena, Montana, April 8th, 1891. 
To the Comrades G. A. R. in Department Encampment 

Anaconda, Montana. 

Comrades — I had hoped to be with you to interest you 
in helping me to secure the organization of a Woman's 
Relief Corps wherever there is a Post of the G. A. R. 

Urgent business keeps me in Helena, but allow me to 
urge you to do all you can in each of your respective Posts 
to secure a Woman's Relief Corps. 

If you. will address me, applying for blanks for charter 



—17— 

with copy of Rules and Regulatioas, and render any other 
assistance I can to help on the good work. Our W. R. C. 
No. I, in Helena, is a great success and has already ren- 
dered much assistance to worthy comrades and their desti- 
tute families. We are greatly desirous to organize six 
more W. R. C's. in Montana before July ist, 1891. Will 
you help the ladies to organize so they may help the "old 
bo3's T' Let me hear from many of you soon. 
Yours in F. C. and L., 

Geo. W\ Shaw. 

The committee on Department Badge made the fol- 
lowing report: 

Helena, Montana, December 4th, i8go. 

Benjamin, F. Oshorn, A. A. G. Department of Montana 

G. A. R., Bozeman, Montana: 

Dear Sir and Comrade — As an additional member of 
the committee on "Department Badges," I desire to make 
a preliminary report with a view of stating where the De- 
partment Badge matter rests at present. Previous to the 
ndjournment of last congress, I was unable to get any re- 
sponse to my letters on the subject from Comrade Sanders, 
who is chairman of the committee above referred to. W'hile 
in town recently I had several conversations with him upon 
the subject and suggested to him that a silver brick, cost- 
ing about four dollars, and which was used by Comrade 
Fiske and others at the last Annual Encampment possessed 
within it a nucleus of an idea upon which we might work 
and bring out something practical in way of the desired re- 
sult. Comrade Sanders did not speciallj^ fall in with that 
idea and suggested that he had an idea of a bronze or sil- 
ver casting to be made in the form of a medal, and also 
had made some preliminary arrangements looking towards 
having it cast. He said he would take up the matter 
again as soon as he went to Washington and try and put it 
through to success. I was compelled to be satisfied with 
this and after trying to urge upon him the importance of 
immediate action, so that the result, whatever it is, might 
be ready for the next Annual Encampment, I was com- 
pelled to lea^e the matter. I remain very respectfully 

Yours in F. C. and L. . 

Geo. O. Eaton. 

Comrade Eaton made a supplementary oral report on 
the matter. 

Comrade Yeager, Po§t 3, urged prompt action on the 
badges, as did Comrades Kennedy, Post 13, and Dolman, 
Post 2. 

On motion of Comrade Warren, Post 2, the question 
was referred to the original committee. Comrades Sanders 
and Eaton, and the A. A. General was instructed to notify 
Comrade Sanders that a report would be expected to be 



— 18— 

made to the Council of Administration in sixty days. 

The following report from the committee on printing 
was read: 
Ed. F. Ferris, DepartiUent Commander: 

The committee on printing have the honor to report 
that having received bids from the "Herald," "Independ- 
ent" and "Journal" of Helena, and the "Chronicle" of 
Bozeman, for the printing of 250 copies of the proceedings 
of the Fifth and Sixth Annual Encampments, and that Mr. 
A. K. Yerkes of the "Chronicle" beirgthe lowest, $96.00, 
was awarded the contract and the same was printed and 
distributed to the different Posts in the Department and to 
the national officers of the G. A. R. 

In F. C. and L., 

Benj. F. OsBORN, A. A. G. 

The special committee on order of business appointed 
at the last encampment to report at this, made the follow- 
ing report; 

Order of Business for the State Encampment, Depart- 
ment of Montana, Graivd Army of the Kepivhlie. 
The public or open session will be held in advance of 

regular session, which, under the rules and regulations, is 

required to be secret. 

Order of Business for Open Session. 

1. Calling- Encampment to Order in open session. 

2. Prayer by Chaplain. 

3. Address of Welcome by representative of local Post. 

4. Response by Department Commander or representative 
selected by him, 

5. Welcome to Sons of Veterans, Woman's Relief Corps, 
Ladies' Aid Society to the Sons of Veterans and other invited 
guests. 

6. Response to same. 

7. Close of Open Session. 

Order of Business for Regular Session. 

1. Opening of Department Encampment in due form. 

2. Calling roll of Officers. 

3. Report of committee on credentials. 

4. Calling roll of members. 

5. Reports of officers, beginning with that of Department 
Commander. 

6. Appointment of proper number of committees of three 
each, to whom shall be referred the reports of officers. 

7. Reception and reference of communications from Posts 
to be called according to seniority. 

8. Reception and reference of communications from in- 
dividuals. 

9. Reports of committees. 

10. Unfinished business. 

11. New business. 

12. Election and installation of officers (if it is desired that 
the installation be public, a recess is taken for that purpose. 

13. Closing exercises. 

14. This Order of Business may be suspended at dny time 
for a definite purpose by a two-thirds vote of the Department 
Encampment, to be taken without debate. 



—19— 

For the purpose of expediting the business of future 
Encampments, it is recommended that a committee on cre- 
dentials, consisting of three members (of which the Assist- 
ant Adjutant General shall be chairman) be appointed by 
the Department Commander in advance of the time of 
meeting of the Encampment to the end that such commit- 
tee may be ready to present its report of membership when 
that particular order of business is reached as recommended 
above. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

Geo. O. Eaton, 
R. E. Fisk, 
W. T. Collins, 

Committee. 

Comrade Eaton made explanatory remarks and on 
motion the report of the committee was adopted. 

Communications from Jacob F. Schmalsle, ex-Quarter- 
master Sergeant U. S. Grant Post No. 14, in reference to 
his court martial were read. Post Department Command- 
er Warren explained his action thereon. Comrades Snyder 
and Hall of Post 14 gave a synopsis of the record and ac- 
tion of the court of which they were members. The com- 
munications and the question at issue was on motion re- 
ferred to the Judge Advocate to be elected for investigation 
with full power to call on the court for the records in the 
case. 

The Encampment received an invitation from the Hon. 
Marcus Daly, manager of the Anaconda Company, inviting 
it to visit the smelters. The invitation was accepted and 
a vote of thanks tendered to Mr. Daly for the invitation. 

On motion a recess was ordered to 8 o'clock p. m. 
After recess, that being the order of business, the election 
of officers was proceeded with. 

Comrade Eaton placed in nomination the name of 
Comrade Harry C. Kessler of Post 2, in a speech replete 
with compliments to the nominee for his services in the 
work of the G. A. R. The nomination was seconded by a 
number of comrades, and there being no other names pro- 
posed the nominations were closed and the Acting Assist- 
ant Adjutant General was instructed to cast a ballot for 
Comrade Harry C. Kessler for Department Commander. 
The ballot being cast Comrade Harry C. Kessler of Lin- 
coln Post No. 2 was declared duly elected as Department 
Commander for the ensuing year. 

Comrade John L. Sloane of Fred Winthrop Post No. 
II was placed in nomination for Senior Vice Commander 
and there being no other nominations the Acting Assistant 
Adjutant General was instructed to cast a ballot for the 
Comrade as Senior Vice • Commander. The ballot being 
cast John L. Sloane was declared duly elected as Senior 
Vice Commander for the ensuing year. 



20 

Comrade John C. Duff of G. K. Warren Post No. 20 
was placed in nomination for Junior Vice Commander and 
there being no other nominations the Acting Assistant Ad- 
jutant General was instructed to cast a ballot for Comrade 
Duff as Junior Vice Commander. The ballot being cast, 
Comraae John C. Duff was declared duly elected Junior 
Vice Commander for the ensuing year. 

Comrade Dr. L. E. Holmes of Lincoln Post No. 2 
was placed in nomination for medical director, and there 
being no other nominations the Acting Assistant Adjutant 
General was instructed to cast a ballot for Comrade Holmes 
as Medical Director. The ballot being cast Dr. L. E. 
Holmes of Lincoln Post No. 2 was declared duly elected as 
Medical Director for the ensuing year. 

Comrade J. W. Sanderson of William English Post 
No. 10 was placed in nomination for chaplain, and there 
being no other nominations the Acting Assistant Adjutant 
General was instructed to cast a ballot for Comrade Sand- 
erson as chaplain. The ballot being cast Comrade J. W. 
Sanderson of William English Post No. 10 was declared 
duly elected as chaplain. 

Comrades Will Kennedy of Post 13, John H. Davis of 
Post 6, Geo. W. Flanders of Post 10, James H. Mills of 
P ) ;t 4, and J. S. Wisner, of Post 16 were placed in nom- 
ination as members of the Council of Administration, and 
there being no other nominations the Acting Assistant Ad- 
jutant General wss instructed to cast a ballot for the com- 
rades as the Council of Administration. The ballot was 
cast as instructed and Will Kennedy of Post 13, John H. 
Davis of Post 6, Geo. S. Flanders of Post 10, J. H. Mills 
of Post 4 and J. S. Wisner of Post 16, were declared duly 
elected as the Council of Administration for the ensuing 
year. 

Comrades A. O. Simons of Post 3 and Lester S. Wil- 
son of Post 10 were placed in nomination for delegates to 
the National Encampment, and there being no other nom- 
inations the Acting Assistant Adjutant General was in- 
structed to cast a ballot for the comrades for delegates to 
the National Encampment. The ballot being cast Com- 
rades A. O. Simons of Post 3 and Lester S.Wilson of Post 
10 were declared duly elected as delegates to the National 
Encampment. 

Comrades George W. Armstrong of Post 18 and T. C. 
Davidson of Post 16 were placed in nomination for alter- 
nates to the National Encampment, and there being no 
other nominations the Acting Assistant Adjutant General 
was instructed to cast a ballot for the comrades as alter- 
nates to the National Encampment. The ballot being 
cast as ordered Comrades George -W. Armstrong of Post 
18 and T. C. Davidson of Post 16 were declared duly elect- 
ed as alternates to the National Encampment. 



21 

The location of the place where the next Department 
Encampment should be held being in order, Missoula was 
placed in nomination, and there being no other nomina- 
tions the Acting Assistant Adjutant General was instructed 
to cast a ballot for Missoula. The ballot being cast as in- 
structed Missoula was declared as having been duly elected 
as the place where the next Department Encampment 
would be held. 

The committee to whom the matter of the communi- 
cation of the Sons of Veterans was referred, reported as 
follows: 

Anaconda, Montana, April gth, i8gi. 

To the Department Eneampment, G. A. I{., Depart- 
ment of Montana: 

Your committee, to whom was referred the series of 
resolutions adopted at the Annual Encampment of the 
Sons of Veterans, held at Helena, Montana, June 16-17, 
1890, beg leave to return the same herewith, together with 
the following resolutions, which final resolutions we re- 
commend be adopted as the sense of this Encampment. 

Whereas, At the Department Encatnpraent of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, held in 189J, at Liviug^ston, a series of 
resolutions were passed, declaring- it as the sense of that org^aniza- 
tion that at their annual banquets where wine is to be served, 
prudence, patriotism and sound judg^ment demand that all per- 
sons not members of the Grand Armj' be rigidly excluded, and 
such occasions be held as sacred to the members of the org^aniza- 
tion only; and 

Whekeas, The Sons of Veterans have resented the same by 
a series of resolutions passed at their next Annual Encampment, 
in which they declare that the Department has cast a serious re- 
flection upon each individual member of the Sons of Veterans, 
has broug-ht their individual honor and reputation into question, 
etc., and have also resolved that they will absent themselves 
from all g^atherings of the Grand Army until such alleged obnox- 
ious resolutions be retracted; now, therefore be it 

Resolved. That the inferences drawn from said resolutions 
passed at the L/ivingston Encampment, are unwarranted bj' any- 
thing contained or implied therein, and that the spirit of the 
same has been totally perverted. 

Resolved, That we renew our assurances of love and par- 
ental affection as previously and upon manj- occasions expressed 
for the Sons of Veterans and kindred organizations, and must 
respectfully adhere to the belief, also previousU' stated, that 
whenever at our annual banquets wine is to be served, all indi- 
viduals not old soldiers of ♦he war of "61-'65 should be excluded; 
and that thereby we cannot and do not mean any reflection what- 
ever upon the character of those excluded. 

Resolved, That upon review ng our previous action we find 
nothing therein which can justly be construed as a reflection 
upon anyone, and we therefore have nothing whatever to retract. 

Resolved, That we have seen with regret the spirit in which 
the Sons of Veterans have judged of our action, touching their 
presence at our Annual Departinent banquets, and that in our 
opinion their action has been hasty and without due deliberation. 

Resolved, That we therefore return the resolutions passed 



-22- 



by the Sons of Veterans, with our assurance of continued esteem 
and ask that they reconsider their action and decision. 

Geo. O. Eaton, 



F. 


P. 


Sterling, 


L. 


E. 


Holmes, 


H. 


H. 


Zenor, 


S. 


E. 


Snyder. 




- 


.Committee 



The report of committee was on motion received. 
Comrade Warren of Post 2 offered the following as an 
amendment and an additional resolution to those offered 
bj the committee: 

Resolved, That at all future banquets of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, Department of Montana, we recommend that no 
wine, spirituous or malt liquors be served or permitted in the 
banquet hall. 

The amendment being seconded the debate thereon 
was participated in by Comrades Warren. Eaton, Wvman, 
Edwards, McCluny, Jenks and others, Comrades Warren 
and Wyman warmly favoring the amendment, aided by 
Comrade Yeager, so as to earn from the comrades of the 
Encampment the sobriquet of ''reformers." 

Comrade Warren withdrew his resolution for the pur- 
pose of allowing action on report of the committee. 

Comrades Will Kennedy and McCluny made earnest 
r^r^arks in favor of the report, and upon a vote the report 
oi the committee was adopted. 

Upon the taking up of Comrade Warren's resolution 
and a vote thereon it was lost. 

The committee on the Department Commander's ad- 
dress reported as follows: 

An.aconda, Montana, April gth, i8gi. 
To the Department Encampment, Montana, G. A. B. 

Comrades^ Your committee, to which was referred 
the address of the Department Commander, begs leave to 
report as follows: 

W^e approve the recommendation that the dues of de- 
serving but delinquent comrades be remitted by the Posts 
in preference to suspension of the delinquents, of course 
taking into consideration the cause which brought about 
the delinquency. 

The recommendation in favor of the holding of fre- 
quent camp fires is heartily approved. 

Concerning the suggestions of the commander as to 
the Department Badge, the Encampment has alreadx 
.taken action. 

While the funds in the hands of the Quartermaster 
General seems considerable at present, it does not show a 
sufficient increase during the past year to warrant the ap- 
proval of the suggestion of the department commander to 
appropriate part of it to pay the expenses of the Annual 
Encampment. A few Posts for' the succeeding two or three 
years might be benefitted, but to maintain such a system 



—23— 

would probably require an increase in the Department 
dues, which we deem unwise. 

We approve of the idea that every school house should 
have displayed the American flag, and we believe that the 
idea should be brought into effect by the voluntary act of 
the people, incited and assisted as far as possible by the 
Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

We endorse the recommendation that Posts should 
further the organization of Women's Relief Corps as auxil- 
iary to the respective Posts. 

Respectfully submitted in Fraternity, Charity and 
Loyalty, Will Kennedy, 

John L. Sloane, 
P. R. Dolman, 

Committee. 

It was ordered that the comrades meet at the Mon- 
tana hotel at 9 o'clock a. m. tomorrow to accept the invi- 
tation of Hon. Marcus Daly to visit the tmelters. 

A recess was taken to partake of a banquet given at 
the Montana hotel to the Encampment and its friends by 
George G. Meade Post and the citizens of Anaconda. 

The Banquet. 

The comrades of the Encampment filed into their 
places at the tables ranged arc und the spacious dining 
room of the Montana hotel. The Sons of Veterans were 
assigned places at the tables and ladies graced the occasion 
with their presence. An excellent menu was provided and 
at the signal the "boys" fell to with the old time zest, when 
"rations" were short and "foraging parties" had to supply 
the deficiency. After fully satisfying even an artificial 
hunger. Comrade T. C. Davidson of George G. Meade 
Post No. i6, of Anaconda, called the banqueters to order 
and in a few introductory and complimentary remarks in- 
troduced Comrade Dolman of Post 2, as toastmaster, who 
announced the first toast of the evening would be: "The 
Grand Army of the Republic," and called upon Comrade 
Frank P. Sterling to respond, who replied in an eloquent 
review of the many armies of history that had marched and 
fought to fame. 

He said: "It is not necessary to go back to the time 
of Hannibal, to the time of Caesar and Pompey. Nor is it 
necessary to refer to Frederick the Great with his disci- 
plined and victorious armv and many conquests won. No; 
we can look back with pride to the army of Washington. 
We see them at Bunker Hill and at Valley Forge, reduced 
to fragments of army without supplies; 5'et led by W^ash- 
ington they marched steadily forward to a most glorious 
victory. A victory that made America "The land of the 
free and the home of the brave./' Did I say "the land of the 
free?" Comrades, you who are here are the true represent- 
atives cf the true Grand Army which gave to this country 



—24— 

the rightful title of "tlie land of the free." Thirty years 
ago this month General Scott, under orders from our com- 
mander in chief — that greatest patriot this world ever saw — 
Abraham Lincoln, [applause] commanded the organization 
of an army of which we are the representatives today. That 
army went forth to do the duty assigned it. From loving 
homes, from offices, from factories, from stores, they went 
in answer to their country's call. What hardships they 
encountered tongue can never tell. No one will ever 
know. That same army struggled until victory crowned 
its efforts. The Starry Flag was kept on high, the chains 
and bonds of four millions of slaves were forever, broken. 
This great country then only truly became the "land of the 
free." The work was done by the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and it was nobly done." 

Comrade Wyman of Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte, was 
called upon to respond to the next toast, "The Sons of 
Veterans." 

He spoke of the contrast between the Grand Army 
and the Sons of Veterans. It was, he said, like the differ- 
ence between spring and autumn. When we think how 
soon we, who fought for our country, will be laid away, it 
is gratifying to know that it will be safe in the hands of the 
Sons t f Veterans. They will take up the thread where we 
have dropped it. They will carry on the work we have laid 
down. They will be found in the legislatures and in the 
executive chair. They will always be found where a good 
man is wanted, because they are sods of men who fought 
for the country when its fate was in the balance. We look 
back to the days when we donned the blue. Then we were 
a nation only in name. Then four millions of men 
were not free to the rights w-hich God had vouchsafed them. 
But we changed this and today this is a nation, and all men 
living under its flag are free The Sons of Veterans repre- 
sent the better element of the land; the highest type of 
American citizens. When these tottering frames shall 
walk no more; when these hairs shall cease to grov/ gray, 
we will find marching behind us with reversed arms and 
bowed heads the young men who will shed a tear on the 
grave of him who gave him the position of a Son of a Vet- 
eran. (Continued applause.) 

"While the Grand Army Assembles" was then sung, 
Professor Firch of Butte, a Son of a Veteran, leading, 
and all joining in the chorus. 

"Our Fag," the next toast, was responded to by De- 
partment chaplain Rev. S. E. Snyder of Post 3. He said: 
All nations have a national emblem. When our forefathers 
landed on this continent they did not have what we now 
understand to be our flag. It savored very much of Great 
Britain. "It was English," you know." But there came a 
time in the history of our forefathers when they wished to 



—25— 

eliminate everything that savored of England, and they 
did. They made for themselves the flag that was followed 
to victory by the armies of Washington. It brightened 
the seas as it floated from the goff of the constitution. 
Our flag came to us by inheritance, but we have made it 
ours by preservation. You who are here tonight know 
what it has cost to preserve that flag. A million lives 
and six billions of dollars. Yet our flag has floated on 
the breezes of heaven only for a little over a century, but 
by the determination of men and the will of God it will so 
float for centuries to come. It seems to me I can hear the 
tread of untold millions who shall be here and call this 
"our flag." "Long may it wave o'er the land of the free 
and the home of the brave." 

"Tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are marching," was 
then sung with a will. 

"The National Encampment" was the next toast, and 
was responded to by Comrade Dolman, one of the dele- 
gates thereto. He said: The National Encampment is 
where private soldiers and generals of the army meet upon 
a common level. [Applause.] The last Encampment was 
at Boston. The state appropriated $100,000, Boston $50,- 

000 and the citizens of that city $75,000 for the occasion, 
and $220,000 of it was spent in entertaining the Grand 
Army men. We had a grand time Inside the Encamp- 
ment was no less a person than Hannibal Hamlin, who 
served a hundred days and was yet a member of the Grand 
Army. Within a few feet of him was the gallant Sherman 
[applause] and b> his side sat a private soldier. Montana 
had a great concourse of those men. [Laughter.] Messrs. 
Fisk, Yeager and your humble servant. In order that 
Montana might not get lost in the shuffle, Fisk demanded 
the right of a regiment, and before us was a space of fifty 
feet and behind us the same, and we maintained that dis- 
tance, notwithstanding that there were 80,000 men in line. 
Comrade Yaeger carried our banner. When we passed 
the stand where the president of the United States was 
sitting, with Sherman sitting by his side, they held their 
breath and then exclaimed: "Why, that's Montana!" The 
whole city of Boston was aware of the fact that Mon- 
tana was represented. (O, Dolman, thy name is m odesty.) 
The president and the se«retary of the navy had ordered a 
naval review to take place in the harbor, and the E ncamp- 
ment special boats to witness it. We steamed out to the 
New York and saw the naval manoeuvers. What ew our 
attention most was the torpedo boat, Cushing, that would 
make its thirty miles an hour and could run all around us. 
Some people may be alarmed when a little country across 
the sea waves her flag at us, but from what I saw that day 

1 do not think that we may be, at least we old soldiers are 
not. 



. —26— 

Comrade Eaton responded to the toast, "The Army 
and Navy," in an elegant panegyric on the deeds and 
achievements of the American army and navy, and closing 
said: '-The brighest honors, the greatest civic gifts, should 
be laid at the feet of those noble sons who on land and sea 
joined hands to make the country free for all time. Their 
names will shine on the pages of historv as bright as the 
stars themselves." 

"Marching through Georgia," was then sung, all join- 
ing. 

Comrade Sanderson, department chaplain elect, next 
responded to the toast of "The Ladies." Em'^arrassing 
as it is to handle this subject. Comrade Sanderson fairly 
acquitted himself. Bashful and diffident at first, as it was 
onh natural to expect, when fairly launched into the sub- 
ject he warmed to it. He said that the women of the land 
were the inspiration of the soldiers. The mothers who 
gave their children, the wives who surrendered their hus- 
bands to the country and the girls who in tears saw their 
lovers march away to war made sacrifices of the heart that 
the angels treasured up as an offering to God to grant iHis 
mercy and blessings to the nation. He prayed that God 
would bless them and make the army of women after His 
noblest pattern. 

"When Johnny Comes Marching Home" was then 

"^"^S- . ... . 

Major Martin Maginnis next responded to the toast, 

"The Volunteer Soldier. " Almost all of the comrades of 
the department have at one time or another heard the 
major speak. At the banquet he w^as in his happiest view. 
After reciting many stories at his own expense, he said: 
"No volunteers were to be found in the middle ages of un- 
der monarchies. In this country, however, the armies are 
made up with volunteers. He came in with Washington. 
When the serpent of session placed his flag on Fort 
Sumpter he enrolled himself in the ranks. He sacrificed 
his hopes, his career: he marched, fought and fell. Let 
any age say that the cheeks of American wives, mothers, 
daughters, sisters, lovers blanched with fear; but thank 
God it can never be said that the}' had occasion to blush 
for the cowardice or misdeeds of the volunteer. I believe 
in an American army and navy which not only protect our 
coast, but will insure any power from insulting our flag. 
We, the volunteers, have made our mark. We have set 
our example in the pages of histor}'. That example, the 
record of our trials and sufferings, will go down to these 
Sons of \'eterans and will insure American glory, notwith- 
standing anv troubles or danger that may come to our gov- 
ernment. 

Post Department Commander Warren responded to 
the toast, "George G. Meade Post and the Citizens of An- 



aconda" He thanked the Post in behalf of the Department 
for the very generous treatn->ent awarded by it to the De- 
partment Encampment. The thanks of the Encampment 
are also due to the citizens of Anaconda for their kin-^'y 
treatment to the old soldiers visiting amongst them. The 
Grand Arniy of the Repubhc is to be complimented upon 
the fact that for the first time in the history of Montana 
Department their banquets had been free from liquor. 
[Cries of laughter and applause.] I am glad to see Meade 
Post set the example. Nowhere in the Department will 
you find a better Post and nowhere in Montana will you 
find a city that has made the strides wh'ch Anaconda has 
in the last five years. The Montana hotel is a magnifice t 
monument to the enterpr.se of its citizens and would do 
credit even to Butte. 

The pleasuies of the night were brought to a close by 
singing "America" and -'Auld Lang Syne." 



Visit to the Smelters. 

At 9 o'clock a. m. April loth, the comrades assembled 
at the Monta'na hotel and marched in a body to visit the 
Anaconda smelters, the largest of their kind in the world. 
The visiting comrades were accompanied b}' th- comrades 
of Meade Post and escorted through the works by Col. S. 
E. Esters, Mr. Otto Stallman, general superintendent of 
the works, and the superintendents of the different depart- 
ments as they were come to on the trip. The ore was 
seen as it was dumped from the cars to the powerful steam 
crushers, into each of which was flowing a stream of water 
which carried the crushed ores on jigs and tables, from 
which all refuse rock was carried off, leaving only the min- 
eral beh'nd, thence to the slum houses where the concen- 
trators were washed and stored, thence to the Breckner 
furnaces, where all base material was burnt from the ore: 
thence to the furnaces, where the ore was melted molten, 
from whence it came in a stream and upon cooling was 
copper matte, to be taken thence to the refinery, where the 
copper, gold and tilver were separated and the metals in 
their purity came forth tf supply the markets of the world. 
Nearly 4,000 tons of ore a day can be treated at these 
smelters, with a product of over .|00 tons of copper per 
day, employing at the mines, smelters, taking out timber, 
coal and other supplies nearly 6,000 men. It took from g 
a. m. to 12 m. to make the tour of the works, the "boys ' 
many of them, speaking of being tired, but saying they 
would not miss the trip for anything. 

Aprd loth at i o'clock p. m. the Department was 
called to order by the Department Commander. Comrade 
Edwards was assjgned to the Senior Vice Commander's 
chair in the absence of the Senior Vice Commander and 
Comrade John C. Duff to the chair of the chaplain. 



—28— 

Installation of Officers. 

The Department Commander, leaving the chair, called 
upon Chief Mustering Officer J- J- York to take command 
of the Encampment. The Chief Mustering Officer in- 
structed the officers of the day to present the officers-elect 
before the altar for installation. 

Comrade John L. Sloane, Senior Vice Commander 
elect, John D. Duff, Junior Vice Commander elect, and 
Comrade L. E. Holmes, Medical Director elect, presented 
themselves before the altar and were duly installed by the 
Chief Mustering Officer, the Officer of the day conducting 
them to their respective chairs. 

Comrade Harry C. Kessler, Department Commander 
elect, presented himself before the alter for installation 
and was duly installed by the Chief Mustering Officer and 
was by the Officer of the Da)' conducted to the Depart- 
ment Commander's chair. 

Upon taking the chair the Department Commander 
thanked the Encampment for the honor conferred and for 
the confidence reposed in him, and said that his utmost en- 
deavor would be put forth to keep the Department in its 
present high standing, seek to build up its membership 
when possible, but to do this he must have the hearty co- 
operation of every comrade in the Department. Again 
giving thanks for the honor conferred he announced the 
following named comrades as his official staff. 

Comrade L. F. Wyman, of Ivtncoln Post No. 2, Butte, As- 
sistant Adjutant General. 

Comrade H. C. Yaeg-er, of Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena, 
Assistant Qudrtermaster General. 

Comrade Lucius Whitney, of John A. Logan Post No. 15, 
Billings, Inspector General. 

Comrade Pierce Hooper, of Farragut Post No. 7, Living- 
ston, Chief Mustering Officer. 

Comrade H. S. Howell, of Frank P. Blair Post No. 6, Vir- 
ginia City. Judge Advocate. 

These comrades presenting themselves before the al- 
tar were duly installed. 

The duties of the Chief Mustering Officer having been 
performed he was thanked by the Department Command- 
er in the name of the Encampment and retired. 

In the absence of the chaplain Comrade J. D. Jenks 
Vv'HS assigned to the chaplain's chair. In making the as- 
signment the Department Commander, remarking that in 
the absence of a duly ordained chaplain, the comrade came 
nearer to filling the place than any other comrade he knew 
of in the Encampment. The applause and comment fol- 
lowing this remark showed that the Encampment was of 
the same opinion. 

The committee on resolutions made the following re- 
port: 

Resolved. That the hearty thanks of the Encampment are 
hereby tendered to George G. Meade Post No. 16 for \he loyal 



—29— 

and g-cueroiis reception g^iven to the Encajiipment by the Post 
nienibers; to the people of Anaconda for the cordial welcome they 
have given; to the Hon. Marcus Daly for the disting-uished court- 
esy of a visit to the Anaconda works; to Colonel S. A. Estes, Mr. 
Otto Stalhnan and their associates for the kindness and atten- 
tion shown bv them in the trip through the mills and smelters, 
and to the railroad companies of Montana for their transporta- 
tion courtesies. 

Resolved. That this Encampment extends its hearty thanks 
to Commander Ed. F. Ferris for hisatten'tion and efficient labors 
a» commander during the past year, and also to the field and 
staff officers who have given him such cordial support in his ef- 
forts to build up the Department. 

On motion the resolutions were adopeed as read and 
it was ordered that a copy thereof be furnished to the An- 
aconda Standard for pubhcation. 

The committee appointed on report of officers report- 
ed as follows: 

Anaconda, Montana, April loth, i8gi. 
Dejmrinient Coinmander. 

Your committee appointed to examine the reports of 
the Department Officers beg leave to submit the follow- 
ing report: 

We hereby recommend that the Post Commanders be 
required to have the Post Inspectors' reports forwarded to 
the Inspector General of the Department. 

That all other matters contained in the Inspector Gen- 
eral's report be approved. 

The report of the Quartermaster General was exam- 
ined and we recommend the same be approved. 

We recommend that the report of the Council of Ad- 
ministratfcn be approved and the suggestions therein con- 
tained relative to reports of Post Adjutants and Quarter- 
masters be strictly complied with. 

We have examined the Chaplain's report and recom- 
mend that it be approved. 

We have examined the report of Benjamin F. Osborn, 
A. A. General of the Department, and find the same full 
and complete and the duties of his office we find have been 
performed in a systematic and business like manner and 
we believe to the satisfaction of the Department and re- 
commend the approval of the s?.me. 

P. R. Dolman. 
Thos. Loughridge, 
Abram Hall, 

P. HOOPES, 

Committee. 
Comrade Sanders of Post 3 moved that the salar}' of 
the Adjutant General be fixed at $150 for the ensuing year. 
Seconded. Comrade Fisk of Post 3 offered an amendment 
thereto in that the sum of $150 or so much thereof as may 
be necessary be appropriated to defray the expenses of the 
Department Commander in visiting Posts and also that 



— 30— 

the sum of $50 be appropriated to defray the expenses of 
the National Delegations in opening Montana headquart- 
ers at the National Encampment. 

The amendment being adopted by the mover of the 
original motion, the motion prevailed and the appropria- 
tions were ordered. 

On motion the sum of $30 was appropriated to defray 
the expenses of Chief Mustering Offi er J. J. York in 
mustering in the new Post at Grantsdale. 

The question of how such expenses should be paid 
created quite a debate, but it was the unanimous sentiment 
of the Encampment that this appropriation shall not estab- 
lish a precedent, but that such expenses should be paid bv 
the Post, and Comrade Eaton of Post ro moved that here- 
after the expense of the installation of a Post must be paid 
by the Post. Seconded by Comrade Will Kennedy of Post 
13 and on a vote carried. 

Comrade Sanders moved and it was seconded that 
Comrades Eaton, Pov/ell and Sterling be appointed a 
committee on ritual for the installation of Department of- 
ficers, to report at the next Encampment. Carried. 

Comrade Sanders moved and it was seconded that the 
Assistant Adjutant General be empowered to print on a 
card the order of business for the Encampment. Carried. 

Comrade Chambers moved and it was seconded that 
the sum of $50 be appropriated to pay part of the expense 
of the delegates to the last National Convention in open- 
ing headquarters. 

Comrade Davidson of Meade Post suggested the pro- 
priety of a parade to the depot on the adjournment of the 
Encampment. 

The Encampment was duly closed by the Department 
Commander. 

The Encampment, escorted by Meade Post, paraded 
through Anaconda to the depot, where on the platform an 
improvised concert took place, the "boys" singing old 
army songs, interspersed with cries of "beans, beans, 
beans,'' so that an onlooker might well say that Comrade.s 
Dolman, Fisk and Yaeger must have instilled into the com- 
rades during the Encampment a part of the appetite they 
acquired for that aesthetic vegetable during the National 
Encampment at Boston. The songs they sang were rol- 
licking, gay and pathetic, but when Comraoe Wyman 
asked silence for his song and he sang it, tears were shed. 
The train pulled out amid the cheers and handshaking of the 
old comrades and the Seventh Annual Encampment of the 
Grind Army of the Republic was at an end. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 

^i Grand Armu of the Republic v 

SESSION 1892. 



Proceedings of the Eighth Arvrvual Encampment, De- 
partment of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, held at Missoula, Mon- 
tana, May 19th, 1892. 



Missoula, Montana, May igth, 1892. 

The Eighth Annual Encampment, Department of Mon- 
tpna, convent d at 3 p. m., H. C. Kessler, Department 
Commander, in command. 

A. A. General L. F. Wyman being unable to attend, 
on account of sickness, J. J. York of Lincoln Post No. 2 
of Butte was appointed Actin;^ A. A. General. 

Roll of officers was called and the following officers 
were reported present: 

H. C. Kessler, Commander. 

John L. Sloane, Senior Vice Commander. 

John C. Duff, Junior Vice Commander. 

Ja«;. H. Mills, J. S.Wisner, Council of Administration. 

Lester S. Wilson, Delegate to National Encampment. 

T. C. Davidson, Alternate to National Encampment. 

H. C. Yeager, A. Q. M. General. 

L. Whitney, Inspector General. 

Committee on Credentials, Fisk, Dolman and Morley, 
reported that their report was not ready, as the credentials 
could not all be found. The committee was directed to have 
a report ready for May 20th, at 9:30 a. m. The Encamp- 
ment was then adjourned until that date and hour. 

May 20th, 9:30 a. m. — Encampment convened pur- 
suant to adjournment, H. C. Kessler in command. 

Roll was called and the following officers reported 
present. 

H. C. Kessler, Commander. 

John L. Sloan, Senior Vice Commander. 

John C. Duff, Junior Vice Commander. 

Will Kennedy, James H. Mills and J. S. Wisner, 
Council of Administration. 

Lester Wilson, Delegate to National Encampment. 

T. C. Davidson, Alternate to National Encampment. 

J. J York, Acting A. A. General. 

H. C. Yeager, A. Q. M. General. 

L. Whitney, Inspector General. 

H. S. Howell, Judge Advocate. 



—34— 

The Committee on Credentials reported as follows: 

Commander — Your committee on credentials have the 
honor to report that they have examined such evidences 
as have been submitted to them of entitlement to seats and 
votes in this body. The committee is pleased to report 
that in a number of cases Posts have strictly complied with 
the rules and regulations and properly accredited theT rep- 
resentatives to the sovereign body of the Grand Army of 
the Department. We regret to be obliged to say that in 
other and the majority of cases Posts have in this particu- 
lar neglected a duty enjoined upon them, with the conse- 
quence that the committee has been obliged to mould the 
roster of membership to a model, the form of which is in- 
complete. To some extent the papers and records of the 
Department have sufficient information without which the 
Encampment would have been forced to proceed blindly 
with respect to the complete voting sti'ength of the several 
Posts of the Department. To the best of information of 
the committee the following named delegates and present 
and past Department and Post Commanders are entitled 
to seats and full participation in the proceedings of the 
Eighth Annual Encampment of the Department of Mon- 
tana. 

Past Department Commanders. 

Thoma.s P. Fuller, Helena; Charles S. Warren, Butte; E. C. 
Walters, Billing's; J. G, Sanders, Helena; James E. Callaway, 
Virg^inia City; Ed. F. Ferris Bozeman. 

John Buford Post No. i. Fort Custer, 17 Members. 

Commander . Past Post Commanders — Joseph 

Upham, Joseph Reinhard, C. E. Rice, J. R. McComber, S. R. 
Fischel,R. W. Cumming-s, 

Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte, 48 Members. 

J. G. Huston, delegate; P. H. Manchester, alternate; J. B. 
Glover, delegate; J. B. Scott, alternate; J. H. Jacksen, command- 
er; Past Post Commanders — P. R. Dolman, C. S. Shoemaker. J. 
D. Jenks, L. E. Holmes, John Raley, J. J. York. 

Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena, 128 Members. 

F. P. Sterling-. Post Commander; R. H. Kleinschmidt, dele- 
gate; Richard Hoback, alternate; A. J. W^ashburn, delegate; J. 
B. Ivomis, alternate; A. C. Votau, deleg-ate; D. G. Silverman, al- 
ternate; Past Post Commanders R. C. Wallace. R. A. Craig-, Geo. 
W. Shaw, R. E- Fisk, F. C. Kleinschmidt, Ed. S. Walker. ' 

Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge, 22 Members. 

John Vaug-hn, delegate; Stephen Glover, deleg-ate; Past 
Post Commanders — James H. Mills, H. H. Zenor, H. A. Smurrj 
Lew Coleman, B. F. Martz. 

Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan, 24 Members. 

Past Post Commanders E. L. Dickinson, L. D. Moore, O. Tj 
Parimeter, G. W. Rig-htenour. 

Frank P. Blair Post No. 6, Virginia City. 

Past Post Commanders H. N. Blake. Eugene Stark, J. B,^ 
Carruthers, Steve Gamer. F. P. Cox, John W. Davis. J. B. Howe. 



—35— 

Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 

H. W. Bingham, Post Commander; Past Post Commanders 
Pierce Hoopes, George T. Chambers, T.W. Wright, G. W. Grant, 
John S. Killm. H. J. Hoppie. 

Steadman Post No. 8, Dillon. 
Past Post Commanders Otto Klim, David Lament, Benja- 
min Bond. 

William English Post No, 10, Bozeman. 

C. H. Sprague, representative; J. T. Carlin, alternate; Geo. 
O. Eaton, representative, John S. Axtell, alternate; W. B. Brown, 
representative; R. M. Whitefoot, alternate; O. P. Chisholm, rep- 
resentative; Geo. W. Flanders, alternate; J. A. McElroy, Post 
Commander; Past Post Commanders Ed. F. Ferris, J. M. Lind- 
lay, B. F. Osborn. N. Y. Smith, Roger Edwards, L. S. Wilson, 
Clias. E. Lancaster. 

Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missoula. 

W. E. Bancroft, delegate; L. D. Hatch, alternate; Fred 
Krumlt, delegate; J. B. Catlin, alternate; W. H. Dickinson, Post 
Commander; Past Post Commanders J. L. Sloan, C. W. Lom- 
bard, Eli Fisher, T. J. McClung. 

Thomas H, Kane Post No, 12, Glendive. 

M. E. Wyman, delegate; John Fenons, alternate; James 
Almev, delegate; John Bamber, alternate; John S. Shamb, Post 
Commander; Past Post Commanders Pierce Hoopes, Jr., Henry 

C. Tuttle, N. S. Bennett. 

McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder. 

B. F. Hoopes, J. H. Nelson, delegates; J. H. Miller, Post 
Commander; Past Post Commanders V. A. Cook, Geo, Teneyck, 
N. S. Kellogg, George F. Cowan, Will Kennedy, Thomas H. 
Boise. 

U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City. 

Alex M. Cree, delegate; Abraham Hall, alternate; J. Hunh- 
field, delegate; H. C. Thompson, alternate; William Harmon, 
Post Commander; E. J. Carpenter, Past Post Commander. 

John A. Logan Post No. 15, Billings. 

A. P. Hart, Post Commander; Past Post Commanders J. R. 
Goss, Joseph Reinhart, L. Whitney, M. C. Manus. 

George G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 

B. W. Johnson, A. P. Sterns, delegates; N. H. Morley, Post 
Commander; Past Post Commanders Austin B. Gates, T. C. 
Davidson, J. S. Wisner. 

Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls. 

F. G. Heldt, Post Commander; Past Post Commanders 

D. C. McGill, Charles Taylor, J. O. Grigg. 

James A. Shields Post No. 19, Lewiston. 

Past Post Commanders S. S. Harper. V. H. Bowman. 

G. K. Warren Post No. 20, Fort Benton. 

Thomas A. Cummings, delegate; T. M. Pierce, alternate; G. 
W. Crane, delegate; C. B. Hamilton, alternate; John C. Duff, 
Post Commander. 

John C. Fremont Post No. 21, Grantsdale. 

Fred Hoffman, Post Commander; A. J. Wilkerson, Past 
Post Commander. 



-36- 

Nat Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispel. 

A. F. McKay, Post Commander. 

R. E. FiSK, 
N. H. MORI.EV, 
P. R. Dolman. 

Committee. 

Report of Department Commander H. C. Kessler was read 

as follows: 

Comrades: — The Seventh Annual Encampment, held 
at Anaconda, conferred upon me the honor of Department 
Commander. I have tried to perform the duties of the high 
office to the best of my ability. I found the Department 
in good condition, and I trust the same may be said at the 
present time. We have gained two new Posts during the 
year. Post No. 22, at Ph ilipsburg, was mustered by Com- 
rade J. J. York of Lincoln Post No. 2, in accordance with 
special orders from these headquarters. Comrade York 
made a flattering report of the reception accorded him as 
Mustering Officer; also speaks in hopeful terms of the pros- 
pects of the new post. * 

Post No. 23, at Kalispel, was mustered by Comrade 
L. F. Wyman, A. A. G., during my absence, and therefore 
no report has been submitted to me. 

For the numerical strength of the Department, 1 re- 
spectfully refer 3'ou to the report of the A. A. G. Ihis has 
not been a year marked by any great event, therefore few 
general remarks can be expected in this connection. The 
Department received proper recognition at the late Na- 
tional Encampment held at Detroit, Michigan, and the 
Commander congratulates Comrades Simons and Wilson 
for the able and dignified manner in which they represent- 
ed the Department on that occasion. 

As to the financial condition of the Department, the 
A. A. General's report, together with that of the A. Q. M. 
G. will fully advise you. 

If this has been a year of general prosperity in the 
Rocky Mountain Department of Montana, it tias been in 
no small degree due to the assistance of staff officers and 
post commanders. I sometimes fear too little attention is 
given to recruiting for the order; if such be the case, let us 
mend in this direction. The Department is to be congrat- 
ulated on so general an observance of Memorial Day. 
Charit}' has been extended without stint: the sick have 
been properly cared for, and the dead have received a sold- 
ier's burial. A feeling of F. C. and L. seems to prevail 
throughout the Department; sectional strife has not found 
its way into the local posts and therefore all bickering, 
jealousy and misunderstandings are strangers to this De- 
partment. 

Circumstances have during the past year compelled 
me to go abroad twice, leaving Comrade J. L. Sloane, S. 



—37— 

V. C, in command by General orders from these head- 
quarters. So faithfully did he perform the duties, and so 
carefully did he watch the interests of the Department, 
that I feel it to be my duty to take this opportunity of 
thanking him, not only for myself, but also in behalf of the 
Department. Yours in F. C. and L., 

Harry C. Kessler, 
Commander Dep't of Montana, G. A. R. 



Missoula, Montana, May 19th, 1892. 

To the Officers and Members, Department of Mon- 
tana, (t. a. B. 

Comrades: — 1 have the honor to make the following 
report of my actions while acting as Department Com- 
mander in the absence of Department Commander H. C. 
Kessler. On the 30th day of May, 1891, Memorial Day, 
I assumed command in compliance with general orders 
dated May 28th, from headquarters Department of Mon- 
tana, G. A. R., announcing that Commander Kessler had 
been granted leave of absence for three months. I re- 
mained in command until September ist, 1891, when Com- 
rade Kessler, having returned, again assumed command. 

On January 25th, 1892, I received notification that 
Comrade Kessler had received leave of absence, thus again 
placing me in command until May loth, 1892, on his re- 
turn. 

During the periods I have been acting as Department 
Commander I have had no occasion to render any decis- 
ions whereby the good of the order might be affected; the 
various Posts evidently having a thorough conception of 
the rules and regulations. 

On March 4th, 1892, I accompanied Comrade L. F. 
Wyman, who had been designated as Special Mustering 
Officer, to Kalispel, Montana, and assisted at the muster- 
ing of General Lyons Post No. 23. 

The comrades had made extensive preparations for the 
ceremony, and entertained us right royally during our stay 
with them. The new Post started off with a membership 
of twenty-two, and with an enthusiasm seldom witnessed. 
I predict for it a prosperous and constantly enlarging 
membership. I received application from a number of 
veterans at Chinook in regard to the formation of a new 
Post, which was referred to the Adjutant General, to fur- 
nish them with necessary information. 

I also received communications from Victor, asking 
for information, which was furnished, and there is every 
prospect of a new Post being established at that point. 

I am under many obligations to Comrade L. F. Wy- 
man, Assistant Adjutant General, for assistance and advice 
rendered, and it grieves me much that we miss his famil- 
iar face from our annual reunion; let us hope that the news 



^38- 

received this morning prove true and that he again be 
permitted to rise from his sick bed and join with us in 
many nore Encampments. 

Yours in F. C. and L. . 

John L. Si.oane, S. V. Commander. 



The Acting Assistant Adjutant General made the follow- 
ing report: 

Butte, Montana, May ig, 1892. 

Harry C. Kessler, Depariment Commander: 

Dear Sir and Comrade: — In the present state of af- 
fairs it is nearly impossible for me to make a report of the 
Assistant Adjutant General's office for the past year with 
any certainty of accuracy. As perhaps the majority of the 
comrades here assembled are aware, Comrade L. F. Wy 
man, our A. A. G., is very sick and confined to his bed 
and unable in his present condition to furnish data for a ; 
report, but I will do the best I can under the circum- 
stances. The new law requiring Posts to report semi-an- 
nually, instead of quarterly, as heretofore, prevents me 
from arriving at the number of members in the Depart- - 
ment at the present time, but I will report the number we 
had on December 31, i8gi. 

Membership in Good Standing at last Encampment - 689 

Gains— By Muster in - - - 26 

By Transfer - - - - 12 

By Reinstatement . - . - 3 

By Reinstatement from Delinq't Reports 3 

Total gains - - - 44 44 

Aggregate .... 733 

Losses — By Death . . - - 5 

By Honorable Discharge - - 3 

By Transfer - - - - 3 

By Suspension - - - 66 

Total loss ... - 77 

Number in Good Standing - - 656 

In addition to which the reports from John Buford Post 
No. I, James A. Shields No. 19, John C. Fremont No. 21, 
and Post No. 22, I am unable to find; the latter Post was 
mustered in by Deputy Mustering Officer J. J. York, Oc- 
tober 16, 1891, at Philipsburg, with 22 members. 

I also have the pleasure to report Nat. Lyons Post No. 
23 was mustered in on March 5, 1892, by A. A. G. L. F. 
Wyman, who was deputized for that purpose, at Kalispel, 
with 22 members. The Post made a report April i, show- 
ing a gain of 8, making a total of 52 members in the new 
Posts, which, added to the total of 656, will swell the num- 
ber to 708, or a net gain of 19 since our last Encampment, 
without taking into consideration the three Posts whose 
reports could not be found, viz: Posts No. i, 19 and 21, 
who had at our last Encampment an aggregate of 65 mem- 



—39— 

bers. Taking it for granted that they have no less at the 
present time we would have a total membership of 773, or 
a gain of 84 in one year. With regard to the amount paid 
for relief, or the number of comrades relieved, I have no 
means of knowing and therefore will make no report. 
Respectfully in F. C. dud L. , 

J. J. York, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant General. 



Annual report of the Department Chaplain: 

Commander and Comrades: — Death and urgent busi- 
ness in the east compel my absence from the Annual En- 
campment. It is, therefore, with unfeigned regret that a 
more detailed account of the stewardship appertaining to 
my post cannot be rendered. 

I have not received, at the date of this writing, the 
facts supposed to be furnished by the several Post Chap- 
lains. The solemn roll call of the dead of the year now 
ending will be given by the Assistant Adjutant General. 

Though the assurance may well be entertained by the 
Department that every sacred duty entrusted to the holy 
office of the Post Chaplain has been well and truly rend- 
ered; because these were comrades first. 

Concerning the sacred dead, who have had a soldier's 
burial within our borders, beside the tender words said of 
them by those who were nearer and closer in touch, it re- 
mains for you to direct the "Honorable Mention" as they 
are now reported at Head-quarters. They seem to be as- 
sembled on tire parade ground, standing apart from the 
line, to receive the brevet they have so long waited for. It 
is for you to order opposite each brave man's name, "Trans- 
ferred back to his old corps," to the companionship of the 
heroes who died in battle. 

They have earned the last high honor this earth can 
give of a soldier's burial in hallowed, loyal ground. To 
their memories we give a tear, to their virtues our admira- 
tion, to their last resting places our covenanted care and 
respect. 

They and we were once strangely, but strongly united 
in a struggle and for a purpose most indisputably holy to- 
wit: the unity of our land and the sacredness of the flag. 

As we were thus made forever as one, death has not 
and cannot divide us'. As our lives were once in their 
hands, their honor is now in our keeping. Our duty and 
our affection is, therefore, peculiarly pledged. 

Slowly, yet surely, our time draws near when we, too, 
shall walk no more among men. As we would that others 
should do for us in that day, let us do by these now at 
rest — for their precious dust and by their hallowed mem- 
ories. The vividness of old things, though passing, is yet 
bright with loyal men. May we measure our duty in the 



— 40— 

presence of honor and of brave memories, and allign our 
ways with the best who have gone on before. 

May the God of our life and of our nation deal very 
pjraciously with the widow and orphan ot our comrades, 
and keep us for the few remaining years tender and true in 
every soldierly duty. Fraternally submitted, 

Joseph W. SaM'Erson, 

Department Chaplain. 



Dkpaktment of Montana, G. A. R. > 
Office ok Judge Advocate \ 

Hki.exa, Montana, May 19th, 1892. 

To the Depdvtinent Command er: 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report: 
At the last Annual Encampment of this Department there 
was referred to me for investigation and report the case of 
Jacob F. Schmalse, formerly a member of U. S. Grant 
Post No. 14, at Miles City, Montana. 1 have looked into 
the matter as far as has been possible for me to do. The 
facts appear to be about as follows: 

On the 1 8th day of August, 1886, a court martial was_ 
ordered by the Post Commander for the trial of Schmalse." 
The charges were: First — Committing a scandalous offenst 
against the laws of the land. Second — Conduct unbecom- 
ing a soldier and a comrade in his relations to the Granc 
Army of the Republic. 

I have been unable to secure a copy of the proceed- 
ings of the court and of the evidence taken at the trial, but 
am informed that of the second charge Schmalse was ac- 
quitted: this leaves nothing before us but the first charge, 
that of committing a scandalous offense against the laws of 
the land. 

The specification of this charge is: "That the com- 
rade, Jacob F. Schmalse, did assault and beat one Ethel 
Miller, a resident of Miles City" — that is to say, he was 
charged with the crime of assault and battery, and it is for 
ns to consider whether a simple assault and battery is a 
crime of so serious and scandalous a character 
that any member of the Grand Army charged 
or convicted of it should be dishonestly dis- 
charged — that is to say. should a man who has, so 
far as we know and as we have a right to believe, served 
his country faithfully and well, receive a sentence that will 
follow him for life. In my opinion the punishment is en- 
tirely too great for the offense. An offense which, under 
the laws of the land, is merely a misdemeanor, punishable 
only by a fine and imprisonment in the county jail, is a 
scandalous offense. And again, the question is as to 
whether he was guilty of the assault and battery at all; that 
he was convicted by a justice of the peace and afterward 
by the district court to which he had appealed is undoubt- 



—41— 

edly true, but there is very grave doubt as to whether he 
was anything more than technically guilty. At the trial 
before the Post Court Martial he had asked Captain Ran- 
dall of the 5th U. S. Infantry to appear at the trial and act 
as his counsel. It happens that I am personally acquaint- 
ed with Captain Randall, and am prepared to say that 
there is not in the army today an officer with a better rep- 
utation foj- integrity and purity of character than Captain 
Randall. I am satisfied that he would have not under- 
taken the defense at all had he considered Schmalse guilty 
as charged. 

Captain Randall, under date of Ma}' 8th, 1892, in 
answer to a letter written by me to him, says: "I did de- 
fend Jacob F. Schmalse before the Post Grand Army court 
as stated by him. My memory of the particulars of the 
case is, that while there was a technical assault and bat- 
tery committed by him, yet it was not in my opinion such 
a one as would be in its nature disgraceful. I know that 
at the time I thought the court had dealt harshly with him 
and am of the opinion that mercy in his case would have 
been w^ell bestowed. " With this I entirely agree. 

Schmalse is now an inmate of the Soldier's Home at 
Santa Monica, California, and will probably remain there 
for the balance of his life. He writes me that they have a 
very fine Post there, to which he is not even able to visit 
so long as this dishonorable discharge shall hang over him. 

He has been punished enough. I recommend that the 
sentence of dishonorable discharge in this be remitted as 
of this date and that the name of Jacob F. Schmalse be 
taken up under the heading of reinstated on the rolls of U. 
S. Grant Post No. 14 of Miles City, Montana, that he be 
officially informed of this action and that a transfer card 
be sent to him. Respectfully submitted, 

H. S. Howell, Judge Advocate. 



Commander and Comrades: — It is with regret that I 
find I am unable to attend the Encampment, and as one 
of the delegates to the National Encampment I have the 
honor to report as follows: 

Comrade Simons being at Fort Belknap and not with- 
in eas}^ range of the Department or National headquarters 
I assumed the responsibility of securing through the na- 
tional committee quarters for the Department at the Rus- 
sell house. 

On reaching Detroit we found that the local commit- 
tee had failed to take notice of our being located at the 
hotel, and had advertised our headquarters as being estab- 
lished at a public school building. This caused more or 
less confusion to those seeking to find our delegation. We 
placed upon a blackboard in the school room assigned us 
a notice of our location and caused placards to be placed 



. —42— 

about the hotel and on its walls under our windows, giving 
notice of where our camp was established, with our De- 
partment banner at the entrance and a handsome pair of 
Buffalo horns, highly polished, suspended above it, at- 
tracting much attention and causing many additional calls. 
This was supplied by Comrade Simons. 

Our service in the deliberations of the Encampment 
was not marked with any discussion or able speeches; we 
exercised our rights by vote on nearly every question, and 
we trust to the satisfaction of the Department. 

Comrade Sanders, Past Department Commander, being 
with us. Comrades Fisk and Wallace were substituted for 
staff officers not present and entitled to seats in the En- 
campment, giving to us five votes. 

Parade — Our place in the parade taking the entire dis- 
tance allowed for a Department, we flatter ourselves that 
we filled to the full, although we had only twelve men to 
do it with. This Eeeming impossibility can only be ac- 
counted for by the fact that they were all thoroughbred 
Montanians. To say the least, we attracted as much at- 
tention as many of the larger Departments. I do not wish 
to seem to make invidious comparisons, but the soldierly 
bearing, vigorous and youthful appearance of our most 
worthy Past Commander Sanders elicited applause along 
the whole line of march, particularly noticeable from the 
female portion of the great throng that gathered to witness 
the parade. 

It was a very warm day and as there is nothing in 
regulations prohibiting desirable comforts, we obtained 
umbrellas of red, white and blue material with "Montana" 
printed on them in large letters, causing many jests and 
funny remarks at our expense. 

The banquet — a superb affair. Much was said in 
prejudice of this part of the proceedings by the press in 
some parts of the country, but we believe illy advised and 
with bad judgment. The use of wine was not abused to 
any extent by members of the G. A. R., but was appropri- 
ated by waiters and employes, some of them becoming 
noisy and disorderly. This was promptly abated by Gen. 
Algers order to have them leave the hall. 

The music for the occasion was charming and soul in- 
spiring; the speeches were bristling with good humor — 
historic, patriotic, instructive and very strong and able; 
the menu attested the careful and painstaking labors of ar- 
tistic chefs, and was enjoyed to the fullest extent by all, 
without "getting full," as was stated by many of the 
papers. 

To me, and I think I voice the sentiment of all. it 
was a banquet graced with more good fellowship and 
pleasure than is usually found at such dinners. 

As a hint to future delegates and a recommendation to 



—43— 

this Department, I desire to say that exchange of court- 
esies with comrades from all parts of the union is one of 
the delightful duties and pleasures of an Encampment. 
Man)' calls are made, cards exchanged and questions 
asked — some from curiosity, perhaps, but nevertheless, all 
are pleasant meetings, and many are seeking information 
of and about our country, to them so faraway and famous. 
The exchange of badges is a positive demand, especially 
when the request comes from members of the Woman's 
Relief Corps, or their daughters, and I advise the next set 
of delegates to go well prepared. 

The last State Encampment exacted a promise from 
its delegates that they would attend the Encampment. I 
think this should be the rule or an unwritten law in the fu- 
ture, that those elected should attend, only qualified by 
some great and unforseen cause or accident. Our repre- 
sentation is small at best, and when within the possibili- 
ties, the Department and Past Department Commanders 
should consider it a duty to attend. 

Nearly ail the Departments go to the Encampment 
with a register. This Department should provide one for 
its delegates, being ruled so as to give present residence 
and military record. Each caller is asked to register, and 
it becomes a source of information and should be a part of 
the records of the Department. 

For the delegates of i8gi I desire to express sincere 
thanks for the service, advice and courtesies rendered by 
Comrades Sanders, Fisk and Wallace. The experience of 
Messrs. Sanders and Fisk obtained at previous Encamp- 
ments, was most cheerfully accorded us, making our labors 
easy and delightfully pleasant. Detroit having been the 
home of Comrade Wallace, it was through him that we 
were accorded many courtesies and recognitions that other- 
wise would not have been tendered. 

I shall always remember the "Silver Encampment" as 
one of the happy events of my life, and do most heartily 
thank the Department for having accorded me this pleas- 
ure. Yours in F. C. and L., 

Lester S. Willson. 

Helena, Montana, March 9, 1892. 
Major L. F. Wynian, A. A. G., Department of Mon- 
tana, G. A. R., Butte, Montana. 

Sir and Comrade: — I have the honor to say that ac- 
cording to my recollection, by resolution of the last An- 
nual Encampment, G. A. R., I was made a member of a 
committee directed to prepare a ritual to be used in public 
installations of officers of the Montana Department of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

I have not a copy of said resolution, and I have been 
unable to learn what comrades were appointed to the other 



—44— 

places upon said committee. My impression is that Brother 
Sterling of Wadsworth Post was one member, but I am 
not sure. 

I regret that I am compelled at once to go east, and 
it is not probable that I can return previous to the date of 
the coming Annual Encampment at Missoula, and I will 
therefore be unable to discharge the trust reposed in me so 
far as my membership of said committee is concerned. 

I therefore respectfulh' tender my resignation as a 
member of said committee, and ask you to use your un- 
doubted authority in such cases to appoint another mem- 
ber in my place, and inform the committee as thus reor- 
ganized that they will confidently be expected to present 
their formal report at the coming Encampment at Mis- 
soula. With best wishes, yours in F. C. and L., 

Geo. O. Eaton. 

Helena, Montana, March g, 1892. 
Major L. F. Wynian, A. A. G., Department of Mon- 
tana, G. A. R., Butte, Montana. 

Sir and Comrade: — Referring to the resolution passed 
at the last Annual Encampment at Anaconda whereby I 
was made an additional member of the "Badge" commit- 
tee, 1 have the honor to report as follows: 

I have written a number of letters, and subsequently 
had several personal interviews with other members of the 
committee, with a view of meeting for formal action, but 
have been totally unable to accomplish the bringing to- 
gether of the committee for that purpose. This I regret, 
because in multiplicity of minds is to be found the greater 
number of ideas from which to make a final selection 

The difficulties connected with the selection of some 
simple object which shall be typical of Montana life and 
interests are very great — largely because our interests are 
so very diversified. If the plough, the miner's pick or the 
shepherd's crook be selected, such selection, whichever it 
maybe, will be unsatisfactory to a large number of our 
comrades, in view of the fact that only one of our leading 
industries is thereby selected for recognition, while 
others, nearly or quite as large and important, are neg- 
lected. To undertake to make a compound badge which 
will be emblematic of all these industries will give a result 
too high priced to coincide with my ideas of the proper 
cost, which I think should not be to exceed four dollars. 
As bearing upon this subject, it is proper to say that Com- 
rade Sanders of the committee caused a design to be pre- 
pared in form of a medal, which was very beautiful, but upon 
investigating that element it was found that the die from 
which to strike the metal would cost five hundred dollars. 
It seems therefore a necessity that we should abandon all 
attempts looking toward such an elaborate result and con- 



—45— 

fine ourselves to some simple object which will be suffic- 
iently local to have a direct bearing upon Montana as a 
state. 

Being reduced to this form of badge, I am unable at 
this time to make more than two suggestions, from one or 
the other of which it is possible the coming Encampment 
may be able to make a formal selection, viz: 

First — A silver bar of about the form as originated by 
Comrade R. E. Fisk. This bar is about an inch and a half 
in length, and corresponding dimensions in cross section; 
is suspended by a ribbon attached to the end and presents, 
it seems to me, a very satisfactory appearance. If desired 
the word "Montana" could be put upon the flat side of the 
bar in black enamel. The cost of this bar will not be to 
exceed four dollars. 

Second — A buffalo head, as large for instance, or 
larger, than an English walnut; this head could be made 
in base metal, and heavily plated with silver, and suspend- 
ed by a ribbon, or pinned directly upon the breast, at a 
cost which would probably not exceed four to four and one- 
half dollars. It is true that the buffalo, as a Montana pro- 
duction, has entirely disappeared; nevertheless, as a local- 
ity which was once entirely covered by these noble animals, 
and which was the scene of their final extermination, it 
would, in my judgment, be quite proper for an Encamp- 
ment to adopt the buffalo head as the Montana emblem of 
the G. A. R., should it in its wisdom so decide. 

I regret exceedingly that circumstances now seem to 
indicate that I will not be able to be with you at the com- 
ing Annual Encampment at Missoula. It will be the first 
State Encampment that I have missed, and it is with great 
sorrow that I bring myself to the realization that I probab- 
ly will not be in Montana at the time the Encampment is 
held. Ver}^ respectfully in F. C. and L., 

Geo. O. Eaton. 

headquarters ) 

provisional department of montana [- 

woman's relief corps. ) 

Helena, Montana, May 13th, 1892. 

The Provisional Department of the Woman's Relief 
Corps of Montana sends cordial greeting: 

To the Montana Department of the Grand Ainny of 
the Kepuhlic, in Encampment Assemhled, at 
Missoula, Montana, May 19, 20 and 21. 
Loyal to the objects of our Order, to aid the Union 
veteran and his dependent ones, to perpetuate the memory 
of their heroic dead, to inculcate lessons of patriotism and 
love of country among our children, and in the communi- 
ties in which we live, to maintain true allegiance to the 
United States of America and encourage the universal 



-46- 

spread of liberty and equal rights to all. 

We do most respectfully and earnestly request that 
the Department Encampment of the G. A. R. endorse the 
work of the Woman's Relief Corps in Montana, and 
through general orders recommend all Posts who have not 
such auxiliary to take steps to organize Relief Corps. 
Yours truly in F. C. and L., 

Isabella J. Kirkendall, 
Mary E. Simonton, Pro. Dep't President. 

Prov. Dep't Secretary. 



HEADQUARTERS ) 

PROVISIONAL DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, [- 

WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS. ) 

Helena, Montana, May 13th, 1892. 

L. F. Wyiyian, Assistant Adjutant General, Butte, 
Montana. 

Dear Sir and Comrade: — As it will be impossible 
for the Provisional Department President or myself to be 
in Missoula during the G. A. R. Encampment, I enclose 
you a communication from the Provisional Department of 
the Woman's Rtlief Corps of Montana. Will you kindly 
present it to the Encampment? 

In F. C. and L., 

Mary E. Simonton, 

Prov. Dep't Secretary. 



Missoula, Montana, May 20th, 1892. 

To the Department of Montana, G. A. R., in Encamp-^ 
ment Assembled, at Missoula, Montana: 

Your committee on the communication from the Pro- 
visional Department of Montana of the Woman's Relief 
Corps, respectfully report the following resolution: 

Recognizing the importance of the work of the Wom- 
an's Relief Corps within the jurisdiction of the Department 
of Montana, we hereby most cordially endorse their noble 
charity and extend to them our hearty thanks for their ef- 
ficient labors in relief of our needy comrades, and we here- 
by request the Department Commander to urge upon the 
several Posts of this Department their hearty co-operation| 
in all practical methods with this important auxiliary oi 
the Grand Army of the Republic, and that they assist ii 
the organization of such Relief Corps in connection witl 
every Post within this Department. 

Respectfully submitted, 
L. Whitney, 
C. W. Lombard, 
R. N. Kllinschmidt, 

Committee. 



—47— ■_ 

Missoula, Montana, May 19th, 1894. 

To the Ojflcers and Members Eighth Annual Encamp- 
ment, Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Dkar Sirs and Comrades: — Your Council of Adminis- 
tration having audited and considered the reports of the 
Acting A. A. G. and A. Q. M. of the Department of Mon- 
tana for the current year, beg leave to submit the follow- 
ing report: 

We find the report of the Acting x\. A. G. incomplete, 
owing to the Acting A. A. General not having received 
from the A. A. G., who is very ill and not able to attend 
to business, a number of reports from Posts that are essen- 
tial to make a complete report. We therefore recommend 
that the thanks of the Department Encampment be tend- 
ered to Acting A. A. G. York for the partial report he has 
compiled from insufficient data, and that the same be re- 
ferred back to him with authority a ad the request that he 
procure the necessary data from the several Posts to make 
a complete report, and when said data has been procured 
and the reports prepared he submit the same to the incom- 
ing A. A. G. 

We have also examined the report of the A. Q. M. of 
the Department and find it correct as far as presented. It 
has not been customary in this Department for the A. Q. 
M. to make an itemized report by Post of the per capita 
receipts, which custom, although followed by the present 
A. Q. M. we do not regard as giving a sufficiently explicit 
report to guide the incoming A. Q. M. The receipts and 
expenditures are also only shown to May 14th, 1892, while 
there are subsequent items that should be shown to close 
up the business of this year. We therefore recommend the 
thanks of the Department be extended to A. Q. M. Yeager 
for his efficient services to date; that his report be referred 
back to him for amendment in the particulars mentioned, 
and that when such amended report is made and approved 
by Departmander Commander Kessler, it be filed with the 
incoming A. A. G. and a copy thereof with the A. Q. M. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Harry C. Kessler, Dep't Com. 

J. S. WiSNER, 

James H. Mills, 

Council of Administration. 



To the Officers and Comrades Eighth Annual En- 
campment of Montana, G. A. B. 

Your committee to whom was referred the report of the 
Judge Advocate General beg leave to report as follows: 

We have examined carefully said report, especially as 
refers to the case of Jacob F. Schmalse, and have exam- 
ined witnesses as to the facts in said case and are of the 
opinion the sentence of the court martial in dishonorably 



. -48- , 

discharging said Schmalse from U. S. Grant Post was ex- 
cessive and out of proportion to the offense of which he 
was found guilty, and we further believe that a full meas- 
ure of punishment for his offense has already been suffered 
by said Schmalse. We therefore recommend that the re- 
port of the Judge Advocate General be accepted by this 
Encampment; that the sentence in the court martial of the 
case of Jacob F. Schmalse be revoked and that the Depart- 
ment Commander for the ensuing year be charged with the_ 
duty of procuring the reinstatement of £aid Schmalse ii 
the manner that shall appear to him conducive to the best 
interests of the Department. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

James H. Mills, 
John L. Sloane, 
P. H. Manchester, 

Committee. 

Missoula, Montana, May 20th, 1892. 

We, your committee on the annual report of the In- 
spector of this Department, have the honor to recomni'^nd 
that the same be accepted as submitted by the Inspector 
General. Your committee further report that the sugges- 
tion of the Inspector General, attached to his report, as of 
undoubted value and would produce good results by its 
adoption. 

However, having roughly estimated the probable cost 
of such inspection, we find it would require an outlay of 
from $400 to $500, and forty to fifty days of time. And, in 
view of the present financial condition of the Department, 
we submit the Inspector General's suggestion without 
recommendation. Very respectfully, 

B. F. OSBORN, 

J. O. Gregg, 
J. B. LooMis, 

Committee. 

The following officers were elected to serve the ensu- 
ing year: 

John L. Sloane, Commander, Missoula. 

J. O. Greg-g, Senior Vice Commander, Great Falls. 

Lucius Whitney, Junior Vice Commander, Billing-s. 

G. W. Jenkins, Chaplain, Philipsburg. 

R. M. Whitford, Medical Director, Bozeman. 

H. S. Howell, Judge Advocate, Virginia City. 

J. S. Wisner, Chief Mustering Oflficer, Anaconda. 

B. F. Hoopes, Boulder; J. B. Loomis, Helena; B. W. John- 
son, Anaconda; P. H. Manchester, Butte; Eugene Stark, Vir- 
ginia City; Council of Administration. 

O. P. Chrisholm, P. R. Dolman, Representatives to the Na- 
tional Encampment. 

James H. Mills, Geo. TenEyck, Alternates. 

J. J. York, A. A. General. 

H. C. Yaeger, A. Q. M. General. 



1 



—49— 

By motion Great Falls was selected as the place to 
hold the Ninth Annual Encampment. 

Report of delegates to National Encampment adopted 
as read and ordered placed on the minutes. 

By motion of Comrade Osborn $150 was appropriated 
for the Department Commander and $150 as salary for the 
A. A. General. 

By motion of R. E. Fisk $50 was allowed to apply on 
the expenses of opening Department headquarters at the 
National Encampment. 

Adjourned to 7:30 p. m. 

At 8 o'clock the officers were installed by P. P. Com- 
mander P. R. Dolman, Deputy Chief Mustering Officer. 
The Department Encampment then adjourned sine die. 




DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 

A Grand Armi] of the Republic !^ 

SESSION 1893. 



Proceedings of the Ninth Aarvual Encampment, De- 
partment of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, held at Great Falls, Mon- 
tana, May 11th, 1893. 



Great Falls, Montana, May nth, 1893. 

Pursuant to General Orders No. 3, Headquarters De- 
partment of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, the 
Ninth Annual Encampment assembled in Elks hall at the 
hour of 10:30 o'clock a. m. The delegates having not all 
arrived an informal meeting was held, and it was decided 
that the Encampment meet at 4 o'clock p. m, for perman- 
ent organization, and that all comrades meet here at i 
o'clock p. m. to prepare for the parade to take place at 2 
p. m., at which tlie Sons of Veterans, Woman's Relief 
Corps, citizens of Great Falls and the civic organizations 
will participate. 

At the conclusion of the parade the mayor of the city, 
in front of the Park hotel, welcomed the Grand Army of 
the Republic, the Sons of Veterans and Woman's Relief 
Corps, and extended to them the freedom of the city. 

Comrade W. F. Sanders responded on behalf of the 
G. A. R., Sons of Veterans and Woman's Relief Corps in 
an eloquent and fitting manner. 

At the conclusion of Colonel Sanders' speech. General 
Chas. J. D. Curtis proposed three rousing cheers. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, ) 
Grand Army of the Repubi,ic. \ 

Helena, Montana, Marcli 30th, 1893. 
General Orders Mo. 3. 

Comrades: — The next Annual Encampment of this 
Department will be held in the Elks Hall, Great Falls, on 
Wednesday and Thursday, May loth and nth. 

I. The hour for opening has been fixed at 10:30 a. m. 
at which time the Encampment will be called to order. 

n. Department Headquarters will he established at 
Room 5, First National Bank Block, where the Council of 
Administration will meet on Thursday evening, May 9th. 

HI. The Commander-in-Chief of the National G. A. 



—52— 

R., A. G. Weissert, and other distinguished G. A. R. men. 
have been invited and are expected to be present at the 
Encampment. 

IV. All Department Officers are requested to wear 
their uniforms and side arms. All other officers and com- 
rades (as far as possible) to wear uniforms. 

V. Post Commanders will report to the Assistant 
Adjutant General at Department Headquarters at 8 a. m. 
on Wednesday, the loth, to receive Encampment badges 
and other credentials for admittance to the Department 
Encampment. They will be held to a strict responsibility 
for the proper distribution of the badges, and that none 
are given out, except to the proper accredited representa- 
tives of their respective Posts. 

VI. Comrade F. G. Heldt, of Post i8, will act as 
officer of the day. Comrade C. E. Thayer, of Post i8, as 
officer of the guard, and Commander Frank Coombs, of 
Post i8, will detail six sentinels for guard duty during the 
Encampment. The officer of the day will report for in- 
structions to the Assistant Adjutant General at Department 
Headquarters at 7:45 a. m.. May loth. 

VII. The Encampment of the Division of Montana, 
Sons of Veterans, will be held in Great Falls on the loth 
and nth day of May, which will greatly enhance the in- 
terest of the occasion. 

VIII. During the Encampment a free excursion to 
the Falls will be given to visiting comrades and their fam- 
ilies. 

IX. There will be a public installation of newly 
elected Department Officers of the G. A. R., and Division 
Officers of the Sons of Veterans, at the Great Falls Opera 
house, Thursday evening. May nth, also a fine vocal and 
instrumental music programme at the same time and 
place. 

X. Arrangements have been made with the Northern 
Pacific, Union Pacific, Montana Central and Great North- 
ern Railway Companies for a round trip rate of one and 
one-fifth fare for those attending the Encampment. All 
desiring the benefit of the above reduced rates must buy a 
single full fare ticket going, taking a receipt from the rail- 
way agent at the starting point, and have their attendance 
certified to by the Assistant Adjutant General at Great 
Falls before returning home. 

XI. The citizens of Great Falls will give "the men 
who saved the nation" a cordial welcome and the freedom 
of the city; and, while the Acting Dep't. Commander desires 
that all should enjoy the occasion to the fullest extent, he 
trusts that no comrade will by unseemly, boisterous conduct, 
bring discredit to the uniform he wears during the contin- 
uance of the Encampment. 

XII. The reports from the Posts for the six months 



—53— 

ending December 31, 1892, have, as a rule, been promptly 
rendered, but there are still two or three Posts from which 
reports have not been received. They have been requested 
to forward the same at once, so that they may not be ex- 
cluded from representation in the Encampment. 

XIII. As the Acting Commander will probably not 
again address the Department through the medium of an 
official order, he desires herein to express his appreciation 
of the uniform courtes)' extended to him by every comrade 
in the Department, and in taking leave of them he extends 
his grateful acknowledgment to all for the valuable assist- 
ance rendered him in the discharge of his official duties. 

By Command of 
J. O. Gregg, 
C. F. Gage, Acting Dep't Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Encampment of the 
Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, 
convened at Elk Hall, Great Falls, Montana, on the loth 
day of Ma}^, 1893. 

The Encampment was called to order by the Senior 
Vice Commander, J. O. Gregg, and opened in due form. 

OFFICERS PRESENT. 

S. V. C— J. O. Gregg. 

J. V. C. — Lucius Whitney. 

A. A. G. — Chas. F. Gage. 

A. Q. M. G.— W. A. Havens. 

Chaplain — G. W. Jenkins. 

Chief Mustering Officer — J. S. Wisner. 

Council of Administration — Comrade J. B. Loomis. 

OFFICERS ABSENT. 

Commander — John L. Sloane. 

Medical Director -R. M. Whitetoot. 

Judge Advocate General — H. S. Howell. 

Council of Administration — Comrades B. F. Hoopes, 
B. W. Johnson, P. H. Manchester, Eugene Stark. 

Comrades Sterling, Eaton and O'Connor, with Assistant 
Adjutant General Gage, were appointed a committee on 
credentials, and after a recess of fifteen minutes reported 
the following named comrades present entitled to vote at 
the Encampment. 

• Lincoln Post No. 2. 

Past Post Commanders Harry C. Kessler, J. D. Jenks, J. H. 
Jacksen, P. R. Dolman; Post Commander J. B. Scott; Alternate 
Delegate, W. C. McBratney. 

Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

Deleg-ates — P. O. O'Conner, A. T. Newburjs Richard Ho- 
back, J. B. Ivoomis, D. L. Miles; Past Post Commander R. C. 



—54— 

Wallace, R. E. Fisk, F. P. Sterliiig^, H. F. C. Kleinschinidt, Ed. 
Walker, C. F. Gage, W. A. Haven, S. E. Snider. 

Farragut Post No. 7. 

Delegates— A. B. Hicks, I. M. Dodge; Past Post Command- 
ers F. W. Wright, George T. Chrmbers. 

William English Post No. 10. 

Delegates— W. S. Meathews, George O. Eaton; Past Post 
Commander, J. H. Nictson. 

J. B. McPherson Post, No. 13. 
Past Post Commander Will Kennedy. 

John A. Logan Post No. 15. 
Past Post Commander Lucius Whitney. 

George G. Meade Post No. 16. 

Delegates— James Kinney. M. B. Spier; Past Post Com- 
manders E. Golden, T. C. Davidson, J. S. Wisner, N. H. Morley. 

Sheridan Post No. i3. 

Delegates — Mark Learning. P. H. Huglies; Past Post Com- 
manders Charles T. Taylor. J. O. GregP-. F. George Heldt. 

G. K. Warren Post No. 20, 

Delegates — W. O. Daxter. H. Brown. 

Burnside Post No. 22. 

Delegate— G. W. Jenkins. 

On motion of Comrade George O. Eaton the report 
was amended by adding the name of Comrade W. F. 
Sanders as delegate at large, and as amended the report of 
the committee on credentials was adopted. 

REPORTS OF OFFICERS. 

No report was received from the Department Com- 
mander as he was not present 

The Senior Vice Commander made the following re- 
port: 

lieport of Senior lice Department Commander, De- 
partment of Montana, G. A. R., as Acting 
Department Commander, from February 9th 
to May 9th, 1893. 

Great Falls, Montana, May loth, '93. 

Comrades — I believe it is not customary for the Sen- 
ior Vice to present a report unless the Department Com- 
mander should be absent, or disabled, and the Senior Vice 
assumes and performs his duties, and then only during the 
continuance of this disability or absence. • 

At the beginning, and in the early part of the term 
during which I served in this capacity, we were confronted 
with an unusual condition of affairs, which it will be nec- 
essary to, in a general way, allude, that the comrades may 
understandingly hear read a resume of our actions during 
this term. 



—55— 

I also find it necessary to encroach a little upon the 
prerogative of the Department Commander, (for which I 
ask his pardon), in making, a number of suggestions, which 
impress me as apropos under the above stated circum- 
stances. 

We have assembled to transact the business of the De- 
partment, review the past, and provide for the future of 
our organization. 

The past is glorious with the deeds of our comrades 
in the cause of American liberty. These deeds are the her- 
itage of all who live, or seek refuge, under the folds of the 
one flag which now proudly waves over a united and pros- 
perous nation; and to perpetuate them is as solemn a duty 
as to respond with our heart's blood when our country 
called upon us for protection during the dark and gloomy 
years of her struggle for existence. 

The grim reaper, Death, is rapidly depleting our once 
invincible ranks. Those of us remaining, become fewer 
and feebler, as the years roll by. 

No longer does the earth tremble with the firm tread 
of the mighty host which wTested victory from the power- 
ful foe at Appomattox; but, although we are fast passing 
into the hereafter, we leave to posterity an unsullied record 
for sacrifice and daring, equaled only by those who op- 
posed us on a hundred bloody fields. 

It is the object of this organization to maintain this 
record undimmed during our lives, and bequeath it to our 
children as a priceless heritage of honor and glory. 

The report which I have the honor to submit includes 
only the last three months of the year ending today. 

On the 9th day of February last, I was directed by 
Department Commander John L. Sloane to assume com- 
mand of the Department, pending and during his contem- 
plated absence from the state. 

In pursuance to this command I immediately issued 
an order assuming his duties until such time as by farther 
orders I should be relieved from the same. 

Comrade Charles F. Gage had been by a previous or- 
der of the department commander inducted into the office 
of Assistant Adjutant General, Vice Comrade J. J. York 
resigned and Comrade W. A. Haven as Acting Assistant 
Quartermaster General, during the illness of H. C.Yaeger 
by the same orders which directed me to assume the com- 
mander's duties. These comrades were not yet in posses- 
sion of the books, papers and other properties pertaining 
to their respective offices. 

It was understood, however, that the records of the 
office of the Ass't. Adj't. Gen'l. had been found in very bad 
shape after the sickness and death of Comrade Wyman, 
and had been reported still further damaged and destroyed 
by accidental exposure to fire and water while in the cus- 



. -56- 

tody of his successor, Comrade York. 

Comrade Gage was therefore directed to obtain such 
expert assistance as be found necessary, and endeavor to 
place these records in proper condition without delay. 

On the same day (February gthj I accompanied Com- 
rades Gage and Haven to Comrade Yaeger's office to in- 
spect the books and property of the Assistant Quarter 
Master General and transfer the same to his successor. 

We had learned that Comrade Yaeger was considered 
insane; (he has since been committed to the Warm Springs 
insane asylum) also that the property of the Department 
was in a chaotic condition; we found no books, accounts 
or records of any kind about the Assistant Quarter Master 
General's office. 

There w^ere no traces of money, or bank accounts, and 
no bond had been furnished by Comrade Yaeger as required 
by the rules and regulations of the G. A. R. 

Comrade Haven was directed to lose no time in re- 
moving the debris of this office to a place of security and 
take immediate measures to obtain possession of all the 
Department property of which any trace could be found, 
and, if necessary, employ expert or legal assistance to aid 
him; (conditioning, however, that the most rigid economy 
should be exercised, consistent with a proper and svstem- 
atic investigation and reorganization of the Department 
affairs. ) 

To the efficient manner and indefatigable industry 
with which Comrades Gage and Haven have pursued these 
investigations in addition to their other duties is due much 
of our success in so quickly placing the Department on a 
business basis, as shown by their reports. In addition to 
the above complications, the Department headquarters 
were in receipt of orders from National headquarters that 
no reports or per capita tax had been received from 
this Department during the entire year of 1892, and sus- 
pension of the Department of ^Montana would be ordered 
if these reports were not at once forwarded. 

The facts that no reports or per capita tax w^ere shown 
b)' any letters or records in our possession to have been re- 
ceived from the Posts,did not greath' lighten our respons- 
ibility, nor were we much relieved when our investiga- 
tions developed the startling and alarming fact that not 
only was all the cash surplus in the custody of Assistant 
Quarter Master General Yaeger hopelessly gone, but with 
it all the recently collected per capita tax for both terms of 
1892: with the sole exception of that of two or three of the 
smaller Posts, yet delinquent for the December term. 

The new Assistant Quarter Master General began bus- 
iness with no supplies to fill requisitions from Posts, and 
no money to buy them or pay national per capita dues. 

In brief, the Department was bankrupt, as well as 



—57— , 

liable to immediate suspension by orders from National 
Headquarters, the latter catastrophe averted only by the 
leniency of Commander in Chief Weissert, who was post- 
poning from day to day the enforcement of rules which 
wou'd have forever disgraced the Department in the eyes 
of our comrades in other states as well as our own. 

I also learned that not less than four of the Posts had 
already surrendered their charters, and others were con- 
templating doing so at an early date; that many of the 
Commanders of Posts were careless in the performance of 
their duties, their Post affairs not being conducted in a 
methodical, busiiiess-like manner. 

Several of the Post Quarter Masters had not furnished 
bonds in accordance with the rules and regulations, and in 
many instances there was lacking that pride and interest 
in the G. A. R. upon which its welfare depends, and the 
blue, with its accompanying bronze badge, rapidly becom- 
ing a meaningless, "flaunting lie." 

The above is a general presentation of the condition 
of the Department of Montana on the 9th day of February, 

I do not intend to criticise nor reflect in any manner 
upon any comrade for above stated condition of affairs, be- 
yond an opinion that a general apathy and indifference 
throughout the entire Department has made such condit- 
ions possible. 

It is in the province of the Council of Administration 
or an investigating committee appointed by the DepaPrt- 
ment to take further action in these matters. 

Ours only to state what we have done ourselves since 
February gth, in the management of ^he business then en- 
trusted to us. 

For details in this business I refer you to the reports 
submitted by Comrades Gage and Haven, and, in a gener- 
al way, will state that in February, the reports for the term 
ending June 30, 1892, were consolidated, and, together 
with the per capita tax, were forwarded to National head- 
(juarters and acknowledged by them, and before March 15, 
the returns and per capita tax for the term ending Decem- 
ber 31st, 1892, were also forwarded, and Comrades Gage 
and Haven were highly complimented by the National 
Officers for their efficiency under adverse conditions. 

Since then the Assistant Quartermaster General has, 
by his able management, purchased all supplies required 
for the present needs of the Posts, and has paid for them. 
He has provided a desk in which to store the Department 
property; has also inventoried and placed in as good order 
as possible all the papers, books and other assets of his 
Department, received from his predecessor. 

Our duties have largely been that of scavengers; but we 
have today surrendered our respective trusts, feeling as- 



-58- 

sured that the Department can now enter upon an era of 
growth and prosperity commensurate with that of the great 
state of which we are citizens. 

Before closing this report I will ask your indulgence 
for submitting a few .recommendations which occur to me. 
The Department should not again have a cash surplus 
of $i,ooo, and upwards, accumulating in the custody of the 
Assistant Quartermaster General, but should immediately 
reduce its per capita from one dollar per annum to fifty 
cents. The reduction should take. effect after the receipt 
of the June 30th, 1893, per capita of 50 cents, making the 
aggregate per capita of 1893 equal to 75 cents, and that of 
1894, 50 cents per annum. 

We should incorporate more system and business-like 
methods into the conduct of our Department and Post 
affairs. 

The Posts should be encouraged to reduce their fixed 
expenses and the dues of the comrades to the lowest pos- 
sible sum, and the Post officers should increase the aggre- 
gate of dues by recruiting the active membership of their 
Posts. This, by united personal effort, by regular attend- 
ance upon all Post meetings, and by making them pleasant 
and attractive. 

All comrades should be impressed with a sense of the 
high honor attached to the uniform and decorations worn 
by "the men who saved the nation," and encourage this 
feeling of respect and patriotism in the rising generation. 
All Department and Post officers should be urged to 
wear the G. A. R. uniform and side arms when officiall)' 
before the public. (It might be well for a committee to 
consider and recommend to this Encampment for adoption 
a distinctive uniform, including number of buttons and 
style of belt to be worn by Department officers, also for 
Post officers and comrades.) 

A distinctive official uniform, worn on ceremonial oc- 
casions, fosters an ambition on the part of other comrades 
to win and wear the same as a reward for regular attend- 
ance, activity and faithful performance of duties by subor- 
dinate officers and comrades. 

Montana, although one of the youngest of the states, 
is destined at an early day to become a giant among them. .jj| 
Her resources are beyond compare; her mineral produc- " 
tions alread}^ exceeding that of any other state, will soon be 
rivaled by her output of manufactures, wool and agricul- 
ture. J 
Her per capita wealth is scarcely equaled elsewhere, ■ 
and her present small population is being rapidly aug- 
mented by large immigration from other states. Among 
these accessions are numbers of veterans, who fail to make 
themselves known and become identified with the Montana 
G. A. R.; many because not personally solicited, others 



I 



—59— 

for the reason that they are imbued with the idea that it is 
not popular in Montana to have served with the "boys in 
blue." Still others because they deem it unwise to appear 
to "wave the bloody shirt," etc. 

We should have greater facilities for ascertaining the 
whereabouts and condition of all veterans residing in the 
state. 

To this end, during the recent sitting of the legisla- 
ture, I requested that an amendment be made to H. B. 
No. 45, (which provides for a state census during the year 
1895. 

This amendment to provide for an enumeration at the 
same time, of all Ex-Federal veterans of the war of 
i86i-'65; obtaining name, arm of service, regiment and 
company, present address and whether dependent. 

I was advised that the bill had already passed the 
house, and was in the senate; that no time remained then 
to return it for amendment before the house adjourned, 
but that the amendment could be introduced in the next 
legislature and passed before the time for taking the census 
arrived. 

The above information would enable Department of- 
ficers to personally address every veteran in the state, and 
greatly facilitate the organization of new Posts, and re- 
cruiting those now existing. 

J. O. Gregg, 
Senior Vice Department Commander, and Acting Depart- 
ment Commander from February 9 to May 9, 1893. 



On motion the report of the Senior Vice Department 
Commander was received and referred to the Council of Ad- 
ministration. 

There being only one member of the Council of Ad- 
ministration present, on motion Comrades Morley, Cham- 
bers, Walker and Jenks were made temporary members of 
the Council of Administration for the purpose of consider- 
ing the reports of the officers of the Department. 

The Assistant Adjutant General made an informal re- 
port, showing that during the past year there have been 
seventy-seven (77) members gained by muster, twenty-four 
(24J by transfer, and twenty-nine (29) by reinstatement, a 
total gain of one hundred and thirty (130). 

The loss was as follows: 

By Death 11 

By Discharg-e S 

By Transfer 25 

By Suspension ----- 76 

By Delinquent Posts - - - - 64 

Total Loss - - - - 181 

Leaving a membership of five hundred and sixty-one. 



-6o- 



There are sixteen Posts in good standing, with four 
delinquent. 

The report was referred to the Council of Administra- 
tion. 

Following is the report of the Acting Assistant Quarter 
Master General, which was read and referred to the Coun- 
cil of Administration. 

DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, ) 
GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC. ) 

Helena, Montana, May i, 1893. 

John L. Sloaiie, Esq., Cominrinder of Department of 
Mofifana, G. A. R. 

Comrade: — I submit herewith the report of the re- 
ceipts and disbursements of the Department from the date 
of my appointment by you as Acting Assistant Quarter 
Master General on the 9th d-ay of February, 1893, to May 
I St, 1893. I enclose herewith the vouchers duly approved 
by Acting Commander J. O. Gregg for all expenditures. 

I was notified by letter from John Taylor, Quarter 
Master General, G. A. R., under date of April 13th, that 
there was a credit to the Department of Montana of S3-i7, 
which amount I have included in my receipts. The cash 
balance is on deposit in the Montana National Bank of 
this city and is subject to the order of the Assistant Quarter 
Master General. Yours truly, in F. C . and L., 

W. A. H.aven, 
Acting Assistant Q. M. General. 

REPORT OF THE ACTING ASSISTANT QUARTER MASTER GENERAL, 
DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

RECEIPTS. 



DATE 



1893. 
February 17. 
February 18. 
February 28. 

March 9 

March 13 

March 13 

March 21 

March 23. . . . 

March 27 

March 29 

April 7 

April 10 

April 11 

April 20 

April 21 



NAME OF POST 



William English.. 
Georg-e G. Meade. 

Sheridan 

Wadsworth 

Lincoln 

Frank Blair , 

G. K. Warren 

McPherson 

Burnside 

Geo. H. Thomas. . 

Nat. LYon.s 

Farragut 

Sheridan 

Steadman 

Wadsworth 





PER 


NO. 


CAP. 




TAX 


10 


$24 00 


16 


11 so 


18 




3 




2 




6 


12 75 


20 


9 00 


13 


10 50 


22 


10 00 


4 


3 75 


23 




7 


1 50 


18 




8 


4 00 


3 


3 70 



Q. M. 

Sup- 
plies 



50 
80 
15 



1 00 



11 95 



3 00 



3 70 



J 



Totals $90 70 S33 

Total 

April 13. Amount in Hands of John Taylor, Q. M. G 

Total Receipts 




— 6i— 

Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
DISBURSEMENTS. 









NO.OF 




DATE 


TO WHOM PAID 


FOR WHAT PURPOSE. 


VOU- 
CHER. 


AMT. 


1893 










February 21 


N. P. Express Co. 


Charges on Banner 


1 • 


$ 3 20 


March 1 


J. Tavlor.Q.M. G. 


Req. for Supplies 


2 


20 84 


Ma rch 10. . . 


H i* i4 ii 4fc 


Req. for Supplies 


3 


3 00 


March 21... 


i< ii i( 44 4. 


Per cap. tax Dec. 31 


4 


5 62 


March 24. . 


44 4 4 44 44 44 


Req. for Supplies 


•3 


70 


April 8 


Torsch & Lee 


Encampment badg^es 


6 


34 50 


April 11 ... . 


T. E. Armstrong- 


Gilt Eag-le 


7 


3 50 


April 11.... 


C. K Wells Co. 


Printing-, etc. 


8 


3 50 


April 11.:.. 


C. K.Wells Co. 


Printing, etc. 


9 


3 00 


April 15.... 


H. S. Donnelly 


Case for Q. M, Sup. 


10 


21 40 


April 22. .. 


W. A. Haven 


Q. M. expenses 


11 


6 00 


March 30. . . 


Helena B. & S. Co 


Rubber stamp & pad 


12 


75 



Total $106 01 

Balance on Hand $17 26 

On Books of John Taylor, Q. M. G $ 3 17 

In Montana National Bank 14 09 $17 26 

Value, at cost, for Q. M. Supplies, on hand, including 

case for ditto $74 15 

The remaining Department officers were granted fur- 
ther time in which to make their reports. 

On motion that a committee of three be appointed as 
a committee of greeting to the Woman's Relief Corps the 
chair appointed as such committee Comrades Jacksen, 
Snider and Thayer. 

On motion it was ordered that the election of officers 
be held at 4:30 p. m. on the nth, inst. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 8:30 p. m. 



8:30 p. m.— Encampment resumed. 

The Chaplain made no report beyond a verbal talk, 
which was well received by the Encampment. 

The report of the Judge Advocate General was re- 
ceived and referred to the Council of Administration. Fol- 
lowing is his report: 



OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATp:. 
DEP.\RTMENT OF MONTANA, G. 



.\. R. 



Helena, Montana, May 7th, 1893. 
To the Assistant Adjutant General. 

Sir: — I have the honor to transmit herewith the report 
of the transactions of this office for the current year. Hav- 
ing received no reports of the proceedings of court martials 
or information of any having been held, I take it for granted 
that good order and discipline has prevailed throughout 
the Department. In two cases requests for opinions as to 
the proper construction of certain parts of the rules and 
regulations have been made and decisions given, but as 



—62— 

these requests came to me in an irregular manner, the de- 
cisions given thereunder were informal and could not be 
considered as official or binding. I would suggest that the 
attention of Posts be called to the fact that all appeals or 
requests for information should be sent to the Department 
Commander, to be by him referred to the Judge Advocate, 
should 'he think proper so to do. The opinion of the Judge 
Advocate is of no force without the approval of the De- 
partment Commander. This being had it is official and 
binding on all concerned. 

The attention of the Encampment will undoubtedly be 
called by the Acting Commander to the unfortunate state 
of affairs that existed at Department headquarters at the 
time of and prior to his assuming the command. It is not 
my purpose to discuss these matters, but to call attention 
to what in my opinion is the primary cause of these and 
other like troubles, which is, as I believe, the neglect on 
the part of many officers and others concerned to inform 
themselves as to just what their duties are and what the 
rules and regulations require of them. Grand Army of- 
ficers can no more than other officers comply with the laws 
unless they first know what these laws are. As an illus- 
tration to this I desire to call your attention to the body 
known as the Council of Administration. The duties of 
the council are of the most important character. See Sec- 
tion 9, Article 6, Chapter 3 of the rules and regulations. 
The Council of Administration properly consists of all the 
Department officers and five members by electio'n. See 
Section 2, Article 4, Chapter 3, Rules and Regulations. 
Whether the Council of Administration has performed any 
duties during the three years that I have been ex-officio a 
member of it I do not know, but I do know that I have 
never been invited to attend a meeting or informed that 
one was to be held. Article 7, Chapter 5, requiring all 
Quarter Masters to give bonds is, I am informed, seldom 
complied with. Seeing the importance of these things al- 
low me, m}'^ comrades, as the present law officer of the 
Department, to impress upon you and particularly upon 
those of you who will take office at the ensuing Encamp- 
ment, the necessit}' of informing yourselves what your 
duties are, and after that of conscientiously and faithfully 
performing them. Do this and peace and prosperity will 
reign throughout the Department of Montana. 

In conclusion I desire to tender my most heart)' thanks 
to the Acting Commander for the courteous treatment re- 
ceived at his hands, and especially do I desire to express 
my appreciation of the manner in which he has conducted 
the affairs of the Department during the troublesome times 
that he has been in command. 

I regret my inability to be with you on this occasion, 



iz^t 

but believe me to be, 

Most Sincerely Yours in F. C. and L., 

H. S. Howell, Judge Advocate. 

The Chief Mustering Officer made an exclusive verbal 
report and was well received by the Encampment. 

Ihe Council of Administration made a partial report 
as follows: 

To the Comrades of the Grand ziriuy of the RepiMic 
of the Department of Montana, in Annual 
Encampment .Issembled: 
Your Council of Admini'=tration having had under con- 
sideration the address and report of the Senior Vice Com- 
mander, acting as Commander of the Department, and 
they cordially approve of the official action taken by him 
and request and recommend that such action be ratified 
and confirmed. As to his wisdom and efficiency of his ser- 
vices to the Department in a time of supreme peril your 
Council can only speak in terms of the highest praise. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Ed. S. Walker, Chairman. 
J. B. Loo.Mis, Secretary. 

On motion action on the report was deferred until the 
final report is made. 

The chair announced that he had received the report 
of the Department Commander, which was read, and is as 
follows: 

Missoula, Montana, May 8th, 1893. 

To the Officers and Memhers of the l^epartment En- 
campment of the G. A. R. of .Montana . 

Comrades: — It is with the deepest regret that I am 
comp^illed by stress of unforseen circumstances to be ab- 
sent from the Ninth Annual Encampment of this Depart- 
ment, and that I can but feebly and inadequately express 
the heartfelt emotions which obtain at these yearly gather- 
ings. 

My official acts while in active command of the De- 
partment have been few, and owing to a peculiar combina- 
tion of circumstances I cannot feel that my administration 
has been as creditable as I should have desired. 

The last year has been one of great political interest, 
and owing to the fact that I entered into the campaign, 
necessitating my absence from home, for longer or shorter 
periods, my mail was received but irregularlv, or over- 
looked by those whom I had left in charge of my business, 
causing confusion where none should have existed. 

Owing to events well known to the Encampment, I 
was compelled to appoint the Assistant Adjutant General, 
away from my immediate vicinity, and I confess the experi- 
ment has not been a success. 



-64- 

The reports from the various Posts in regard to Mem- 
orial Dav have been very flattering, and it is pleasing to 
observe that the people of the state are making it a "Holy 
day" in deed as well as in name, and that the custom in- 
augurated by the G A. R. has been adopted by the citi- 
zens of this grand commonwealth as a day of memorial to 
all the dead, whether soldier or civilian. 

In obedience to orders, the members of the various 
Posts throughout the Department assisted October 21, '92, 
in the observance of Columbus day, and we were the direct 
patrons and assistants of the school children in the exer- 
cises connected therewith. December i8th, 1892, I granted 
a dispensation to John C. Fremont Post No. 21 to remove 
its headquarters from Grantsdale to Hamilton, a distance 
of about three miles, and being present at the meeting held 
in Hamilton on that date, I assisted in reorganizing the 
Post, mustering in five recruits, and am glad to state from 
actual observation and attendance since that the Post is in 
a healthy condition, the result of the change. 

But ver}' few questions have been submitted for de- 
cision, and those of a trivial nature, with the exception of 
Sheridan Post No. 18, in reference to eligibility of an ex- 
soldier, who had served for a short time in the Rebel army, 
afterwards serving two years in the Union army and ob-^ 
taining an honorable discharge, my decision in the case 
being that he could not be received into our ranks. On 
February 9th, 1893, Comrade York tendered his resigna- 
tion as. Assistant Adjutant General of the Department and 
I immediately appointed Comrade Gage to fill the vacancy, 
and on the same date, owing to my contemplated absence 
from the state, turned the Department over to Cojnrade 
Gregg, S. V. C. of the Department. 

For all the comrades with whom 1 have come in con- 
tact during the past year, either officially or otherwise, I 
have none but the warmest and kindliest feelings, and par- 
ticularly do I owe Comrade J. O. Gregg, S. V. C, for the 
kindly assistance and counsel tendered and the zealous in- 
terest manifested for the success of the Department, and 
as it may be that we may never all meet again, I desire to 
tender the Department of Montana, G. A. R. , individually 
and collectively, my grateful remembrance and best wishes 
for its success and prosperity. 

Fraternally in F. C. and L., 

John L. Sloane, 
Department Commander. 



The report was referred to the Council of Administra- 
tion. 

Comrade Fisk made a verbal report of the National 
Encampment at Washington and was given a vote of 



-65- 

thanks for his efficient services at the National Encamp- 
ment. 

On motion the correspondence between Commander 
in Chief Weissert and the Senior Vice Commander ot the 
Department of Montana concerning the reports and delin- 
quents of the Department was called for and read. See 
correspondence on back. 

On motion the following bills were ordered to be paid, 
viz: Bill of Inter Mountain of $9.00. Bill of J. O. Gregg, 
for traveling expenses, S62.68. 

On motion the Assistant Adjutant General was in- 
structed to request from late Assistant Adjutant General 
York the sum of $36.00, received by him from Buford Post; 
also $7.50, received from Sher.'dan Post No. 18. 

On motion the Encampment adjourned until 10:30 a. 
m., May nth, 1893. 

Pursuant to adjournment the Encampment was called 
to order at 10:30 a. m., May nth. 

Report of the Inspector General was received, read, 
and referred to the Council of Administration. 

REPORT OF INSPECTOR GENERAL. 

C F. Gage, Assistant Ailjutant General, Department 
of Montana, G. i. li. 
Dear Sir and Comrade -I have the honor to submit 
herewith my report. Owing to the fact that there was no 
appropriation of funds to defray the expense of the Depart- 
ment Inspector, and the financial condition of the Depart- 
ment, I did not deem it wise to incur any expense in visit- 
ing the several Posts in the Department, in an official ca- 
pacity, when rules and regulations make provisions for 
having the work performed by Assistant Inspectors. Hence 
I have complied with the rules and regulations. Upon my 
nomination, Acting Department Commander J. O. Gregg 
assigned to duty the following named comrades as Assist- 
ant Inspectors, viz: 

Headquarters Department of Mont.ana, 
Grand Army of the Republic 

Helena, Montana, April 29th, 1893. 

I hereby confirm the action of Assistant Inspector 

General S. E. Snider in the selection of the following 

named comrades as Assistant Inspectors, and appoint them 

as ^uch for the Posts set opposite their respective names. 

J. O. Gregg, Acting- Department Commander, Montana, 
G. A. R. 

P. H. Manchester, Twincoln Post No. 2, Butte City. 

O. F. Parmeter, Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan. 

J. B. Caruthers, Frank P. Blair Post No. 6, Virginia City. 

George T. Chambers, Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 

Thomas H. Loughbridge, Steadman Post No. 8, Dil'on. 

W. Y. Smith, William Engli.sh Post No. 10, Bozeman. 

W. E. Bancroft, Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missojla. 



\ 



—66— 

John Ferrons, Thomas C. Kane Post No. 12, Glendive. 
Will Kennedy, J. B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder. 
Abram Hall, U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City. 
L. Whitney, Johii A. Log^an Post No. 15. Biilings. 
S. J. Wisner, George G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 
F. Georg-e Heldt, Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls. 
O. W. Kelly. James A. Shields Post No. 19, Lewiston. 
John C. DuflF, G. K. Warren Post No. 20, Fort Benton. 

F. K. Hoffman, John C. Fremont Post No. 21, Corvallis. 

G. W. Jenkins, Burnside Post No. 22, Philipsburg, 
Robert C. Palmer, Nat. Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispel. 

I would say that with two exceptions the Assistant In- 
spectors have very promptly and courteously responded, 
and forwarded their reports, which I have consolidated. I 
regret that Steadman Post No. 8, and U. S Grant Post 
No. 14, failed to send any returns: hence they are not in- 
cluded in my report. 

I have visited several Posts in the Department, but 
not in an official capacity, and found them without excep- 
tion manifesting considerable interest in the order. 

George H. Thomas Post No. 4 surrendered it« 
charter, with 16 members. Owing to the fact of lack of 
interest, few in number, and they being surrounded by the 
left wing of Price's army. 

Only four Posts in the Department have the work in 
the ritual committed to memory and properly performed. 
Others have it partially committed and fairly well per- 
formed. 

There is only one Post — Frank Blair No. 6 — reports 
any relief fund on hand — that reports $132.00. 

The amount expended for charity is $190.40. This 
sum is reported by five Posts, the others not reporting any- 
thing. 

Burnside Post No. 22, the youngest Post in the De- 
partment with due exception, is second on the list in ex- 
pending moneys for charity. Thomas L. Kane Post No. 
12 is first. The prospects of the Posts for the future on 
the whole are very good — two reporting poor and only one 
very poor. 

I would offer a few suggestions for consideration. 
While it is the prerogative of every Post to fix the amount 
charged for muster in, and the highest amount is $5.00 
and the lowest $2.00, I think the Department ought to re- 
commend a uniform price. 

Also the amount charged for quarterly dues rarges 
from one dollar to thirty-seven and one-half cents per 
quarter. I think it would be better to have as near as pos- 
sible a uniform price. 

I would suggest that the Department either be divided 
into three Inspection districts and assign to each District 
an Assistant Inspector, or that an appropriation of $100 
be made to defray traveling expenses of the Department 



z±lz 

Inspector, that he might visit the Posts and perform his 
duty. 

I have seen the value of the Woman's Relief Corps to 
the several Posts, where the}- have an organization, and I 
would urge every Post to secure the organization of a W. 
K. C. Ihey will find them a great factor in sustaining an 
interest in the Post and carrying out some of its designs. 
I would no more think of having a G. A. R. Post without 
a Woman's Relief Corps than a home without a wife in it. 

Comrades, let us determine to put into, this Depart- 
ment a little more zeal, fidelity and self sacrifice this year 
than ever before to bring this Department to the front 
ranks. Onlv a few more revolving years remain for us to 
work in the Grand Army. 

"Our heads with ag^e to gray have turned, 
And thoug-h our lives are waning fast, 

Our hearts we will not sever; 

But claim each comrade near and dear, 

While we are growing- old together." 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. E. Snidkr, 
Inspector Gen'l., Dep't. Montana. 



Comrade Sanders of the committee on badge for the 
Department of Montana, made a verbal report of his efforts. 
No action was taken as to a hnal design. 

On motion of Comrade Heldt it was ordered that the 
sum of twenty-five dollars ($25) be paid to A. A. Q. M. 
Havens for services rendered and money expended during 
the last three months in his official capacity. 

Resolution by Comrade J. B. Loomis: 

Resolved, That it is the sense of this Encampment 
that the Department should establish a permanent head- 
quarters where thereafter each subsequent Department En- 
campment shall be held. 

On motion the foregoing resolution was adopted, and 
the A. A. G. was instructed to inform each Post that this 
would come up for action at the next Annual Encamp- 
ment. 

Report of Council of Administration reflecting on De- 
partment Commander John L. Sloane, his Assistant Ad- 
jutant General, J. J. York, and his Assistant Quartermaster 
General, H. C. Yaeger, and complimenting Senior Vice 
Commander Gregg, Assistant Adjutant General Gage and 
Assistant Quartermaster General Havens, was, on motion, 
adopted. 

Your Council of Administration, in view of all the cir- 
cumstances, and because of their manifest delinquencies, 
neglects and abdication of their duties, by the Commander 
in Chief, Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quarter 
Master General, elected or appointed, one year ago, re- 



■ —68— 

commend the adoption of the following resolution, viz: 

Resolve i, That we do not pass the usually deserved 
and complimentary resolution of thanks to Comrade John 
L. Sloane, Commander, and J. J. York, Assistant Adjut- 
ant General of the Grand Army of the Republic of this 
Department, who were elected or appointed to their re- 
spective offices at the Annual Encampment in May, 1892, 
for the reason that it appears by unquestioned evidence 
conclusively that in the discharge of the duties of said of- 
fices respectively, to which they aspired, and which they 
accepted, they were neglectful whereby the interests of the 
Comrades in the prosperity of the various Posts compris- 
ing the Department was manifestly made to decline and 
the discouragements which surrounded them were not al- 
leviated, but greatly increased, and the relations of the 
Department of Montana to the National Department were 
not only seriously impaired, but its very existence threat- 
ened, to the disgrace of these officers and the shame and 
humiliation of every comrade of the Grand Army of the 
Republic within the state, and that for the abdication of 
their high duties they deserve censure and condemnation. 

That we omit from the censure the name of Henry C. 
Yaeger, the Assistant Quartermaster General, because of 
the great affliction which, during his incumbency of said 
office, befell him in the impairment of his intellect whereby 
we cannot with certainty declare in his neglect and defal- 
cation he was morally conscious or responsible. 

On motion of Comrade George O. Eaton the report of 
Department Commander Sloane was laid on the table. 



Report of Council of Administration bearing upon the 
late Department Officers, viz: Department Commander 
Sloane, his A. A. General and Q. M. General. 



REPORT. 



The Council of Administration, to which was referred 
the addresses of the Department Commander, of the Senior 
Vice Commander, the correspondence with the Command- 
er in Chief and his Adjutant General, and the reports of 
thf' Assistant Adjutant General and the Assistant Quarter 
Master General of the Department, has examined the same 
and begs leave respectively to report: 

The condition to which the affairs of the Department 
were reduced between May, 1892, and February, 1893. was 
most deplorable, and we have given its condition and the 
cause thereof careful attention. 

The treasury was bankrupt, the Department was in 
disrepute with the National Department, its character im- 
paired and its very existence threatened. The course 
which brought it to a condition so much to be regretted 
and which has caused us so much shame, is not difficult to 



- 69- • 

see. It arose from the utter inefficiency of the Command- 
er, Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quarter 
Master General of this Department — inefficiency so utter 
as to be in our opinion little less than criminal, and which 
in the case of the Assistant Quarter Master General did 
reach the criminal stage of embezzlement and defalcation. 
The neglect of the Commander of the Department so fits 
in with the Assistant Quarter Master General a? to render 
it not improbable that the funds of the treasury, amount- 
ing to $1,198.00, are irretrievably lost to the Department, 
little hope of their recovery from that officer remaining, 
and it being probable that he gave no bonds covering the 
departmental year now closing. The Assistant Quarter 
Master General has been adjudged insane. We think a 
perusal of the correspondence between the Senior Vice 
Commaiider and the Assistant Adjutant General of the 
National Encampment fixes the responsibility for the other 
ills of the Department upon our Commander and his As- 
sistant Quarter Master General and Adjutant General. 
Comrades J. L. Sloane, H. C. Yaeger and J. J. York. We 
have heretofore reported resolutions which, in our judg- 
ment, befit their respective cases, and as to the other of- 
ficers of the Department, we find that they have earped 
words of praise, and that the Senior Vice Commander, J. 
O. Gregg, the recently appointed Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral, C. F. Gage, and the recently appointed Assistant 
Quarter Master General, William Appleton Haven, have 
placed the Department under peculiar and lasting obliga- 
tions in the rescue of it from the provoking and imminent 
peril in which they found it during the months of Decem- 
ber, 1892, and January and Februar}', 1893. The inade- 
quacy of the excuse of the Commander of the Department 
for his neglect, as found in his pretended report, which we 
have considered, is apparent. It is puerile and insuffic- 
ient. When he found that he could not discharge the 
duties of the high office in regard for the interests of the 
Department as well as his own reputation, required that 
he resign, but he held on to the office as if grudging the 
honors which it implied to any other comrade, and contin- 
ued in the face of beseeching importunity to refuse to move 
a hand to anj' purpose whatever. Nor were his Adjutant 
General's course any better. The records are missing, no 
bonds taken; no money left in the treasury; but thanks to 
other officers and comrades we have a Department left, in- 
dignant at this great disaster, but purposing to recover its 
ancient and deserved prosperity, to which the energy of all 
our officers, every Post and every comrade, should now be 
pertinaceously and resolutely bent. Comments as to the 
course of the late Assistant Quarter Master General are 
omitted because of the approach of insanity under which 
he is now doubtless laboring, is so insidious that we can- 



— /O— 

not sa}- but that his derehction may be attributed to that 
disease, although this charitable view seems hardly prob- 
able, but we choose to give him the benefit of the d^ubt. 

Ed. S. Walker, Chairman. 

J. B. LooMis. 

W. A. Haven, 

J. D. Jenks. 

George T. Chambers. 

C. F. Gage. 



1 



The report was discussed at considerable length, was 
approved and upon motion action in the premises was de- 
ferred for one year, or until the meeting of the next Annual 
Encampment. 

On motion the commander was instructed to appoint 
a committee of five to wait upon the Sons of Veterans and 
extend the congratulations and commendations of the 
Grand Army of the Republic to that organization. 

The Commander appointed as such committee Com- 
rades Sanders, Eaton. Dolman, Sterling and Taylor. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 2 p. m. 



At 2 p. m, the Encampment resumed. 

Comrade Sterling moved that the recommendations of 
the Commander and Assistant Adjutant General be re- 
ferred to the Council of Administration. Carried. 

Comrade Kennedy moved that the per capita tax in 
this Department be reduced from Si. 00 per annum to 50 
cents per capita per annum, to take effect from and after 
July 1, 1*893. Motion was lost. 

On motion of Comrade Sterling the per capita tax for 
the ensuing year was fixed at $1.00. 

The Commander appointed the following named com- 
rades as the Committee on Credentials for the next En- 
campment, together with the Assistant Adjutant General. 

Comrade J. H. Jacksen. Lincoln Post No. 2. Butte. 

Comrade F. P. Sterling. Wadsworth Post No. 3. Hel- 
ena. 

Comrade George T. Chambers, Farragut Post No. 7, 
Livingston, 

Comrade P. H. Hughes, Sheridan Post No. 18, Great 
Falls. 

Comrade W. S. Mathews. William English Post No. 
10, Bozeman. 

On motion of Comrade Davidson, of Anaconda, the 
A. A. G. was instructed to furnish all Posts and Comrades 
Sloane and York with copies of the resolution presented 
by the Council of Administration reflecting upon the con- 
duct of Comrades Sloane and York, and that the same will 
be considered at the next Annual Encampment. 



--7I— 

Comrade Kennedy in reduced the following resolu- 
tion, viz: 

Resolved, That when a Soldiers' Home is established 
by the state of Montana it should be located at a central 
and convenient point, and in'connection with some of the 
numerous hot springs of the state. 

On motion of Comrade E^aton the resolution was re- 
ferred to a special committee of three, to report at the next 
Annual Encampment, and the Department Commander 
appointed as such committee Comrades Will Kennedy, G. 
T. Chambers and J. H. Nixon. 

On motion of Comrade Loomis, of Helena, the salar- 
ies of the Assistant Adjutant General and the Assistant 
Quarter Master General for the current year be one hund- 
red dollars ($ioo) each. 

The committee to visit and greet the Woman's Relief 
Corps reported as follows: 

REPORT. 

Post Connnander and Coin I'f ides: 

\ye, your committee assigned to the pleasant duty of 
carrying the greetings of this Department Encampment to 
the Woman's Relief Corps, now convened in this city, 
would respectfully submit the following report: 

At 11:30 a. m., this day, we repaired to the headquart- 
ers of the Woman's Relief Corps in the Masonic hall, where 
we were given a most cordial greeting, almost a kin to the 
greeting given the boys in blue on their return from the 
war. The President, Mrs. Kirkendall, in her felicitous 
way, assured us that the Woman's Relief Corps highly ap- 
preciated the recognition given them by the Grand Army 
of the Republic, Department of Montana, and in reply the 
Woman's Relief Corps was assured that this Department 
appreciated their work and worth; that the old soldier was 
the last to forget the work of the loyal women during the 
dark days of the rebellion, in camp, hospital and at home, 
in alleviating distress and suffering. And in these days of 
peace, when so many calls for aid and acts of charity by 
old and maimed veterans, the labor of love and acts of 
charit}' towards the destitute widows and orphans by the 
Woman's Relief Corps is an inspiration to every Post in 
the Department. And the Woman's R^^lief Corps may ex- 
pect from the G. A. R., Department of Montana, recogni- 
tion, support and hearty co-operation in their laudible 
work. Respectfullx', 

S. E. Snider, 
J. H. Jacksen, 
C. E. Thavkr. 



The Report was referred to the Council of Administra- 
tion. 



—72—- 

The report of the Provisional Department President 
and Chaplain of the Woman's Relief Corps were read and 
accepted, and ordered spread upon the records. 

^i HEADQUARTERS i 

provisionai. department of montana ,- 
woman's relief corps. ) 

Auxiliary to the G. A. R. 

Helkna, Montana, May 6, 1893. 

Department Cmmnander J. 0. Gregg, and Comrades 
of the .N'intJi Annual Encampment, Depart - 
jnent of Montana. 
I have the honor to transmit to you a report of the re- 
lief work of the Woman's Relief Corps, Provisional De- 
partment of Montana, for the twenty-one months, provis- 
ional rule, ending march 31st, 1893. 

Number of Soldiers and their Families Assisted 25 

. Number of Members of Corps and Families Assisted. . 4 

Amount Expended for Relief in Money $239.25 

Amount Expended for Relief other than Money.. . 119.45 

Amount turned over to Posts 261.00 

Cash Balance Relief Fund 130.16 

Cash Balance General Fund 333.57 

Total Value of Corps Property 893.09 

Number of Members in Good Standing 215 

These loyal women pledge themselves to aid the vet- 
eran and his dependent ones in the spirit of F. C. and L.. 

Isabella Kirkendall, 
Provisional Department President. 



The committee appointed to visit the Sons of Veterans 
reported as follows: 

• REPORT OF DEPARTMENT CHAPLAIN 

No. of Corps in Department 7 

No. of Corps Reporting- 7 

Membership Reported 207 

No. of Corps attending Sabbath Memorial Services. . . 4 
No. of Members taking part in services on Memorial 

Day 160 

No. of Children taking part in Services on Memorial 

Day • 247 

No. of Soldiers' Graves decorated 201 

No. of Members' Graves Decorated 1 

No. of Corps contributing flovrers 7 

No. of Corps furnishing refreshments 2 

No. of Memorials to unknovs^n dead and battle fields. . 6 
Amount of Expense incurred $532.30 

Signed: Helen C. Dolman; 

Department Chaplain. 

Special mention of the amount turned over to Posts 
by the patriotic ladies of Missoula was $136.00 

Helen C. Dolman. 



zi7^ 

The committee appointed to visit the Sons of Veter- 
ans reported as follows: 

The comrades of the Ninth Annual Encampment of 
the Grand Army of the Republic of Montana send saluta- 
tions and congratulations to the Sons of Veterans of this 
state upon their intelligent patriotism and zeal, and find 
abundant cause for rejoicing that assurance is by them 
given that the unselfish willingness of American citizens to 
count no sacrifice too great to preserve unimpaired the 
priceless inheritance of liberty, equality and fraternity be- 
queathed by the fathers of the Republic, and that the cher- 
ished virtue of fidelity, loyaltv and charity are to be 
strengthened in all their forces in the hearts of all our peo- 
ple by so precious an organization. *The comrades do 
therefore earnestly invoke prudence, fidelity and sacrifice 
on the part of the sons, and that in view of the memory of 
the great deeds of their fathers, written in unimperishable 
history, they stoop to no mean thing. 

Second, That the comrades of the Grand Army will 
cheerfully respond to all desires of the Sons of Veterans 
and will watch their course with unfailing solicitude and 
increasing interest, so long as life with us remains. 

Third, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded 
to the colonel commanding the Sons of Veterans in Mon- 
tana. 

The report was accepted and ordered to be spread 
upon the records and given to the public press. 

Comrade A. F. Newberry presented the following res- 
olution: 

Resolved, That in view of the slim attendance, which 
is attributed to the present busy season, the next Annual 
Encampment should be held not later than the middle of 
March. Resolution was lost. . 

Comrade Leaming appeared in the hall for the first 
time since the meeting of the Encampment. Comrade W. 
F. Sanders offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That this Encampment welcomes within its 
hall Col. Mack J. Leaming, comrade of Sheridan Post No. 
1 8, and delegate therefrom, and it trusts that his health 
may be rapidly restored and that he may long live to enjoy 
the affectionate regard which his valor has won for him 
wherever the details of that valor are known. 

The resolution was adopted by a rising vote, and Com- 
rade Leaming in feeling words returned thanks to the En- 
campment. 

Comrade Sterling presented the following resolution, 
viz: 

Resolved, That a vote of thanks of this Encampment 
be and is hereby tendered to Sheridan Post No. i8 and the 
citizens of Great Falls for their generous and magnificent 



—74— 

hospitality extended to the Grand Army of the Republic 
while in session in their beautiful city. 

The resolution was adopted unanimously, and it was 
ordered that it be given to the newspapers. 

Comrade Fisk was appointed a committee to secure 
from ex-Assistant Adjutant General York all papers con- 
nected with the Department. 

On motion to proceed to the selection of a place for 
the next Annual Encampment, Anaconda, Helena and 
Bozeman were placed in nomination. 

The first ballot resulted as follows: Helena, 22: Ana- 
conda, 12; Bozeman, 8. Helena having received a majority 
of all the votes cast was declared the place for the next 
Encampment. ' 

On motion the Encampment proceeded to the election 
of officers. 

Comrade J. O. Gregg, of Sheridan Post No. 18, Great 
Falls, and P. R. Dolman of Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte, 
were placed in nomination. 

The Encampment then proceeded to ballot for Depart- 
ment Commander, with the ff^llowing result: 

Gregg, ig; Dolman, 17; Eaton, 2. No one receiving 
a majority of all the votes cast, there was no choice, and 
a second ballot was taken with the following result: 

Gregg, 22; Dolman, ig. Comrade J. O. Gregg having 
received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared the 
choice and duly elected Department Commander for the 
ensuing year. 

On motion the election was made unanimous. 

For Senior Vice Department. Commander Comrade P. 
R. Dolman of Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte, was elected 
unanimously. 

For Junior Vice Department Commander George T. 
Chambers of Farragut Post No. 7 was duly elected and on 
motion Avas made unanimous. 

For Medical Director of the Department Comrade C. 
B. Miller was elected b\' acclamation. 

For Chaplain of the Department Comrade G. W. 
Jenkins of Burnside Post No. 22 was elected by acclama- 
tion. 

By unanimous consent Comrade Learning introduced 
the following resolution, viz: 

Resolved, That the Senior Vice Commander presiding 
with the present Assistant Adjutant General be permitted 
to prepare for publication a resume of such of the proceed- 
ings of the Encampment as in their views are appropriate 
to be printed, excluding such matter as any comrade might 
object to have published and that the same be furnished to 
the press of the state. 

On motion the resolution was adopted. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 7 p. m. 



-75— 

7 p. m. — Council resumed. 

Council of Administration — The following named 
comrades were elected members of the Council of Admin- 
istration for the ensuing year, viz: 

Geo. O. Eaton, William English Post No. lo. 

H. T. C. Kleinschmidt, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

A. B. Hicks, Farragut Post No. 7. 

W. O. Parker, John A. Logan Post No. 15. 

S. K. Fischel, U. S. Grant Post No. 14. 

As delegates to the National Encampment Comrade 
R. E. Fisk, Wadsworth Post No. 3, and Comrade T. [C 
Davidson, George G. Meade Post No. 16, were duly 
elected. 

Alternates — Comrade Fred Kennett, Fred Winthrop 
Post No. II, and Comrade W. C. McBratney, John A. 
Logan Post No. 15, were duly elected alternate delegates 
to the National Encampment. 

The Commander then announced the following staff 
appointments: 

Assistant Adjutant General — F. George Heldt, Sheri- 
dan Post No. 1 8. 

Assistant Quarter Master General — W. A. Havens, 
Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

Assistant Inspector General — S. E. Snider.Wadsworth 
Post No. 3. 

Assistant Judge Advocate General — F. P. Sterling, 
Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

Chief Mustering Officer — J. D. Jenks, Lincoln Post 
No. 2. 

The Encampment then adjourned until g o'clock a. m. 
May 1 2th, and proceeded in a body to the Opera House, 
where the officers elect and appointed were publicly in- 
stalled; and where the officers elect of the Sons of Veterans 
and of the Woman's Relief Corps were also publicly in- 
stalled. 

The citizens of Great Falls, assisted by Sheridan Post 
No. 18, had made elaborate preparations for the public in- 
stallation, and the Encampment was treated to very beauti- 
ful and select singing by the Great Falls Choral Society, 
instrumental music on piano by Miss Shores, a violin solo 
by Madam Eriche, accompanied b}- Miss Tracy on the 
piano. 

At the conclusion of the installation entertainment at 
the opera house the Encampment proceeded to the dining 
hall at the Park Hotel, where they were banqueted and 
entertained by the citizens of Great Falls. 

Toasts were responded toby Col.W. F. Sanders, Hon. 
Paris Gibson, Col. Geo. O. Eaton, Mr. J. E. Sargent, Will 
Kennedy and others. 

Hon. Charles M. Webster presided as toastmaster and 
did honor to the occasion. 



-76- 

Thursday, May 12th. 

The Encampment resumed its session at g a. m., pur- 
suant to adjournment. 

The Council of Administration made the following re- 
port: 

To the Comrades of tJie Departittent of Montana, G. 
A. B. 

Your Council of Administration beg leave to state that 
the}' have examined the report of the A. A. Q. M. General 
and recommend its adoption, and the Council feels that the 
thanks of the Department are due to Comrade Haven for 
the careful, systematic and thorough manner in which his 
duties have been performed under discouraging circum- 
stances. 

The council also recommends that the A. A. A. Gener- 
al be given further time to prepare a more detailed report. 

Ed. S. Walker, Chairman. 
J. B. LooMis, Secretary. 

By unanimous consent Comrade W. F. Sanders intro- 
duced the following resolution, which was on motion 
adopted. 

Resolved, That Comrade Frank P. Sterling be and he 
is hereby declared a trustee of the Department of Mon- 
tana of the Grand Army of the Republic, and upon his fil- 
ing his acceptance of such trusteeship with the Assistant 
Adjutant General of this Department, he is authorized in 
his own name of the Grand Army of the Republic of the 
Department of Montana, or in the name of the Assistant 
Quarter Master General of the Department for the time 
being to commence and prosecute to judgment any suit 
against Henry C. Yaeger and his bondsmen, or any of 
them or either of them, for moneys heretofore in his hands 
belonging to this Department. And that for this purpose 
any and all sums of money due to the Department from 
said Henr\- C. Yaeger as Assistant Quarter Master General 
or otherwise be and they are hereb}' assigned to such trus- 
tee, with authority to him to reassign or again assign the 
same. And that under the directions of the Commander 
and Judge Advocate General of this Department he be and 
he is hereby authorized to prosecute any and all suits nec- 
essary therefor against said Yaeger or other persons in his 
name, or the name of such person or corporatian, lodge, 
post or department as he may assign or reassign said claim 
to, and to receipt tor any and all moneys by him received 
from said Yaeger or his bondsmen. 

ACCEPTANCE. 

I hereby accept of the position of Trustee as above 
named. 

(Signed) F. P. Sterling. 



—77— 1 

Comrade Snider moved the appointment of a commit- 
tee of three to draft resolutions relative to the proper ob- 
servance of Memorial Day, which, on motion, was carried 
and the commander appointed as such committee Com- 
rades Snider, Eaton and Jenkins. 

THE RESOLUTION. 

At the Annua] Encampment, G. A. R.,. for the Depart- 
ment of Montana, held at Great Falls, May lo, ii and 12, 
1893, the following resolution was adopted as expressive 
of the sense of the Encampment upon the proper observ- 
ance of Memorial Day: 

Resolved, That Memorial Day was originated by the 
Grand Army of the Republic, not for the purpose of cele- 
brating the glories of peace; but solely to commemorate 
the patriotism and glorious deeds of those who gave their 
hves as the price of a united countr}'. 

Remembering the privations, the marches, the battles, 
the hospitals and the prison pens which go to make up 
those dreadful years which cost our comrades their lives, 
we cannot agree that Memorial Day is properly a day of 
mirth and rejoicing, or that it should be entirely given over 
to frivolous enjoyment. 

Believing thus, we ask all citizens of Montana to unite 
with us in keeping the observances of Memorial Day with- 
in the limits originally intended, to the end that the heroic 
deeds and glorious deaths of our comrades may not seem 
to be belittled, and to the further end that patriotism and 
love of country shall be both recognized and encouraged. 

S. E. Snider, 
Geo. O. E.\ton, 
Geo. W. Jenkins. 



Comrade -Snider introduced the following resolution, 
viz: 

Resolved, That a vote of thanks be extended to Com- 
rade C. F. Gage and Comrade Kennedy for their faithful 
services in keeping a record of the proceedings of this En- 
campment. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Encampment be 
tendered to the Electric Street Railway Company, for 
courtesy extended to the Grand Armv of the Republic dur- 
ing their Encampment in the city of Great Falls. 

On motion the resolution was unanimously adopted. 

The following resolution was offered by Comrade 
Sterling and was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That this Encampment extends its heart- 
felt^thanks to the Great Falls Choral Society and to the 
jOpera House Orchestra and all others who participated in 
[the very interesting entertainment given at the Opera 



-78- 

House last evening: also that we do hereby extend our 
thanks to the different societies and all who took part in 
the parade. 

There being no further business the Encampment ad- 
journed. 

J. O. Gregg, 
C. F. Gage, Acting Dep't Commander. 

A. A. A. G. 



Proceedings of Council of Adminisf ration, Depari- 

ment of Montana. 

Helena, Montana, October 26th, 1893. 

In pursuance to a call of the Department Commander 
the Council of Administration of the Department of Mon- 
tana, G. A. R., met in the hall of Wadsworth Post No. 3. 
at 8 o'clock p. m., Department Commander J. O. Gregg, 
presiding. 

ROLL CALL. 
J. O. Gregg-, Department Commander. 
P. R. Dolman, Senior Vice Commander. 
Georg-e T. Chambers, Junior Vice Commander. 
G. W. Jenkins, Chaplain. 
C. B. Miller, Medical Director. 
F. Geo. Heldt. A. A. G. 
W. A. Haven, A. Q. M. G. 
S. E. Snider, Inspector. 
F. P. Sterling-, Judg-e Advocate. 
J. D. Jenks, Chief Mustering Officer. 
Georg-e O. Eaton, H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, A. B. Hicks, W. O. 
Parker, S. K. Fishel, Members Elect. 

Present -Gregg, Miller, Heldt, Haven, Sterling, 
Eaton, Kleinschmidt. There being no quorum present on 
motion the following named comrades, being present, were 
chosen proxies in place of the members set opposite their 
names, ^viz: 

Comrade Ed. S. Walker in place of George T. Chambers. 
Comrade T. P. Fuller in place of S. E. Snider. 
Comrade Shaw in place of S. K. Fishel. 

A quorum being present the Council proceeded to bus- 
iness. 

The report of the Judge Advocate at the Ninth Annual 
Encampment was called for. After reading same, and the 
action of the Encampment, on motion of Comrade Eaton 
it w?s decided that the report required no action on the 
part of the Council. 

The resolutions adopted at the Ninth Annual Encamp- 
ment in reference to Commander Sloane, his A. A. General 
and A. Q. M. General, were read, and the A. A. General 
was directed to furnish Commander Sloane, and A. A. G. 
York each a copy of said resolutions at once. 

The Judge Advocate made a verbal report as to he 
feasibility of bringing action against the late A. Q. M. G 



—79-- 

H. C. Yaeger, for funds belonging to the Department which 
have not been accounted for by him. On motion the same 
was approved. 

The A. Q. M. General made a written report, which 
was as follows: 

Hki.ena, Montana. October 26th, 1893. 

To the Assistanf Adjutant General: 

REPORT OF THE A. Q. M. GENERAI,. 

Cash on Hand May 11, 1893 $ 17.26 

Received to Date for per capita tax . . 2%.50 
Received for Q. M. Supplies 14.40 

Total Amount Received $328.16 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

Sundry bills on account of year ending- 
May 11, 1893, ordered paid by the 
Department Encampment $101.03 

Expense bills of A. A. G. and A. Q. M. 

G., approved by Dep't Commander. . 20.58 

Printing- bills. . ' 52.00 

Postage stamps and stamped Env 17.10 

Salary of A. Q. M. G. and A. A. G., in 

part 50.00 

(J Expenses paid Ass't Inspector Gen. ... 10.00 

John Taylor, Q. M. G., for supplies. . . 34.35 

John Taylor, Q. M. G., for per cap. tax 7.65 

Total amount disbursed $292.71 

. Cash in Mont. Nat. Bank, Helena. . . . 20.75 

Cash credit with Q. M. G 93 

Cash on hand 13.37 

Total. . , $328.16 

On motion the report was accepted. 

Comrade Sterling moved that this Council recommend 
that the Department take steps at the next Annual En- 
campment to incorporate its organization. Carried. 

On motion, seconded and carried, the Council ap- 
proved the bonds of z\ss't Q. M. G. Haven. 

The following preamble and resolution were unani- 
mously adopted and the Department Commander was di- 
rected to promulgate the same in General Orders. 

RESOLUTION. 

Whereas, This Council has had before it and duly 
considered the present condition of Department affairs and 
its future deeds, and has maturely considered the reports 
of the present Department officers presented at said meet- 
ing; and 

Whereas, We feel that it is just to all the Posts of 
the Department that the results of our investigation be 
made known, to the end that all the individual comrades 
be assured of the facts so gratifying discovered by us; 
therefore, be it 



— 8o— 

Resolved, That after the great confusion into which 
the affairs of the Department have in the recent past been 
allowed to fall, we are glad to report that order and regu- 
larity in the conduct of its affairs has once more resumed 
sway. We find that the Department is now in good stand- 
ing with National Headquarters; that all returns and re- 
ports thereto are promptly made, and that the books, ac- 
counts and records of the Department are neatly and safely 
kept, with due regard for strict business requirements. 

We find that all the old outstanding bills against the 
Department have been liquidated and that the revenues for 
the remainder of the encampment year may be hopefully 
expected to more than meet all bills which may be antici- 
pated, thus leaving us at the next Department Encamp- 
ment with a small balance in our treasury. 

This Department has lost, under past conditions ob- 
taining, more than $1,200. We regret to report that it is 
not probable that any part of this sum will ever be re- 
covered. 

In turning our faces hopefully toward the future, how- 
ever, we can but remind the respective Posts and, through 
them, all the comrades, that great promptness is absolute- 
ly necessary in forwarding the December dues and reports 
to Department Headquarters, so that our meager revenues 
ma}' be subject to the control of the proper officers at the 
earliest possible moment. 

In conclusion, we desire to express our opinion that 
the present Department officers are active, earnest and vig- 
ilant, and from this time forward we may reasonably ex- 
pect that our beloved order, within the limits of Montana, 
will resume its former condition of efficiency. 

We recommend that the Department Commander 
promulgate the foregoing preamble and resolution to all 
the Posts of the Department by General Orders or other- 
wise, as he ma}' decide. 

In accordance with the above recommendation, a num- 
ber of copies of the said report will be forwarded to each 
Post, and the officers are directed to attend to their im- 
mediate distribution among the comrades. 

There being no more business the Council adjourned 
sine die. 

J. O. Gregg, Dep't Commander. 
F. Geo. Heldt, A. A. G. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 

M Grand Armu of the Republic i^ 



SESSION 1894. 



Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Encampment, De- 
partment of Montana, Grand Army of the 
Republic, held at Helena Montana, 
May 16 and 17, 1894. 



Helena, Montana, May i6, 1894. 

In pursuance of General Orders 8 and g, Headquart- 
ers Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, 
the Tenth Annual Encampment convened in the hall of 
Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena, Montana, at 10:30 a. m., 
with Department Commander J. O. Gregg presiding. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, \ 
Grand Army of the Republic f 

Great Falls, Montana, March 15, 1894. 

General Orders JS^o.^ 8. 

I. The Tenth Annual Encampment of this Depart- 
ment will be held in the G. A. R. hall, Helena, on Wed- 
nesday and Thursday, April 25 and 26. . 

II. The hour for opening has been fixed at 10:30 a. 
in., at which time the Encampment wiil be called to order. 

III. Department headquarters will be established at 
the "Library" G. A. R. building, where the Council of 
Adm inistration will meet on Tuesday eveningj April 24. 

IV. The Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief of the Na- 
tional G. A. R. and other prominent G. A. R. men have 
been invited and are expected to be present at the En- 
campment. 

V. All Department officers are requested to wear their 
uniforms and side arms. All other comrades, as far as pos- 
sible, to wear uniforms. 

VI. Post Commanders will report to the Assistant 
Adjutant General, F. Geo. Heldt, at Department head- 
quarters at 8 a. m. on Wednesday, April 25, to receive En- 
campment badges and other credentials for admittance to 
the Department Encampment. They will be held to a 
strict responsibility for the proper distribution of the 



-84- 

badges, and that none are given out except to the proper- 
ly accredited representatives of their respective Posts. 

VII. Comrade C. F. Gage of Wadsworth Post No. 3 
will act as Officer of the Day; Comrade Ed. S. Walker of 
Post 3 as Officer of the Guard, and Post Commander T. H. 
Kleinschmidt of Wadsworth Post No. 3 will detail six sen- 
tinels for guard duty during the Encampment. 

The Officer of the Day will report for instructions to 
the Assistant Adjutant General at Department Headquart- 
ers at 7:45 a. m. April 25. 

\'III. The following committee on credentials for the 
Tenth Encampment were appointed at the Ninth Encamp- 
ment, and are expected to promptly report for duty: 

J. H. Jacksan, Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte. 

F. P. Sterling, Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena. 

Geo. T. Chambers, Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 

P. H. Hughes, Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls. 

W. S. Mathews, Wm. English Post No. 10. Bozeman. 

IX. The question of permanent location of the En- 
campment and other important business will come up be- 
fore the Tenth Encampment for action, and a full attend- 
ance is earnestly desired. 

X. A grand campfire will be given by the comrades 
of Wadsworth Post in honor of the visiting G. A. R. and 
Lojal Legion on Thursday evening, April 26. 

XL Read this carefully before buying your tickets. 
Arrangements have been made with the railroads for a 
round trip rate of one and one-fifth fare for those attending 
the Encampment, provided 100 or more are in attendance. 
All desiring the "benefit of the above reduced rates must 
buy a single full fare ticket going, taking a receipt from 
the railway agent at the starting point, and have their at- 
tendance certified to by the Assistant Adjutant General at 
Helena before returning home. 

XII. The citizens of Helena will give '-the men who 
saved the nation" a cordial welcome and the freedom of 
the city; and, while the Department Commander desires 
that all should enjo}- the occasion to the fullest extent, he 
trusts that no comrade will, b}' unseemly, boisterous con- 
duct, bring discredit to the uniform he wears during the 
continuance of the Encampment. 

XIII. The programme for the entertainment of the 
comrades by the comrades of Wadsworth Post and the cit- 
izens of Helena, is in the hands of committees selected by 
them, and is not included in this Order. B)- command of 

J. O. Gregg, Dep't Commander. 
Official: F. Geo. Heldt, Ass't Adj't General. 



^5^1 

Headquarters Department of Montana, } 
Grand Army of the Republic. f 

Great Falls, Montana, Maj' 3, 1894. 
General Orders JV'o. 9. 

I. In accordance with the recommendation of the 
Council of Administration of this Department and the 
Helena Encampment Committee, the dates of the Tenth 
Annual Encampment as announced in General Orders No. 
8, are changed from April 25 and 26 to May 16 and 17. In 
all other respects General Orders No. 8 will remain in 
force as published. 

II. A full attendance is desired, as business of im- 
portance will be presented to the Encampment for action. 
B} command of 

J. O. Gregg, Dep't Commander. 
Official: . F. Geo. Heldt, Ass't Adj't General. 



At the close of the reading of the general orders, tha 
Department Commander ordered the Officer of the Day to 
ascertain if all present were members of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. 

The Officer of the Day reporting all present members 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

The roll of officers and staff was then called by the As- 
sistant Adjutant General, Tenth Annual Encampment, De- 
partment of Montana. 

ROLL OF OFFICERS, 

J. O. Greg-g-, Department Commander, Post No, 18, Great 
Falls. 

P. R. Dolman, Senior Vice Department Commander, Post 
No. 2. Butte. 

Georg-e T. Chambers, Junior Vice Department Commander, 
Post No. 7. L(iving-ston. 

Geo. W. Jenkins. Chaplain, Post No. 22, Philipsburg-. 

C. B. Miller, Medical Director, Post No. 3, Helena. 

F. Georg-e Heldt, Assistant Adjutant General, Post No. 18, 
Great Falls. 

Wm. A. Haven, Assistant Q. M. General, Post No. 3, Hel- 
ena. 

S. E. Snider, Department Inspector, Post No. 14. Address, 
Columbia Falls. 

F. P. Sterling-, Assistant Judge Advocate General, Post No. 
3, Helena. 

J. D. Jenks, Department Mustering- Officer, Post No. 2. 
Butte. 

All were present except the Senior and junior Vice 
Department Commanders. The Department Commander 
then appointed Comrade Swigget of Wadsworth Post No. 
3 as Senior Vice Commander, and Comrade Gage of the 
same Post as Junior Vice Department Commander, pro 
tem. 

The chaplain invoked the divine blessing, after which 
Department Commander Gregg declared the Tenth An- 



_^ —86— 

nual Lncampment, Grand Army of the Republic, opened 
in due form. 

The committee on credentials, Comrades F. F. Ster- 
ling, W. S. Mathews and J. H. Jacksen then went to an 
adjoining room to report a list of comrades entitled to be 
members of the Encampment. 

A short recess was then taken of fifteen minutes, then 
the Department Commander called the Department to or- 
der and the committee made the following report: 

Helena, Montana, May i6, 1894. 

Department Coimnander and Comrades, Department 
of Montana, G. A. R. 
We, your committee on credentials, beg leave to re- 
port that the following comrades are members and entitled 
to seats in this Tenth Annual Encampment: 

Roll Call 

*■ Tenth Annual E ncampment. Department of Montana. 

DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

Commander — J. O. Gregg. 

Senior Vice Commander — P. R. Dolman. 

Junior Vice Commander — George T. Chambers. 

Chaplain — G. B. Jenkins. 

Medical Director— C. W. Miller. 

A. A. G.— F. George Heldt. 

A. Q. M. G — W. A. Haven. 

Assistant Inspector General — S. E. Snider. 

Judge Advocate General — Frank P. Sterling. 

Chief Mustering Officer — J. D. Jenks. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Comrade George O. Eaton. William English Post No. 10. 
Comrade H. T. C. Kleinschmidt, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 
Comrade A. B. Hicks. Farragut Post No. 7. 
Comrade W. O. Parker, John A. Logan Post No. 15. 
Comrade S. K. Fishel, Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

PAST DEPARTMENT COMMANDERS. 

Comrade T. F. Fuller, Helena. 
Comrade Charles S. Warren, Butte. 
Comrade E. C. Waters, Eu Clare, Wis. 
Comrade J. G. Sanders, Helena. 
Comrade James E. Calloway, Virginia City. 
Comraoe Ed. F. Ferris, Bozeman. 
Comrade Harrj- C Kessler, Butte. 
Comrade John L. Sloane, Missoula. 

COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

Comrade J. H. Jacksen, Lincoln Post, Butte. 
Comrade F. P. Sterling, Wadsworth Post, Helena. 
Comrade George T. Chambers, Farragut Post, Livingston. 
Comrade P. H. Hughes, Sheridan Post, Great Falls. 
Comrade W. S. Mathews, Wm. English Post, Bozeman. 

COMMITTEE ON SOLDIERS' HOME. 

Comrades Will Kennedy, George T. Chambers and J. H. 
Nixon. 



k 



-87-. 

Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte. 

Commander, James E. Doud; Past Commanders, P. R. Dol- 
man, J. D. Jenks, L,. E. Holmes, H. C. Kessler, C, S. Warren, J. 
H. Jacksen, C. S. Shoemaker, J. B. Scott; Delegates, P. H. Man- 
chester, S. H. Almon; Alternates, B. N. Beebe, John Bechtel. 

Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena. 

Commander, T. H. Kieinschmidt; Past Commanders, Thos. 
P. Fuller, R. C. Wallace, J. G. Sanders, G. W. Shaw, R. EJ. Fisk, 
Ed. Walker, F. P. Sterling, R. A. Craig-, H. T. C. Kieinschmidt, 
C. F. Gage; Delegates, Comrades A. T. Newberry, J. B. Loomis, 
J. R. Hillman, H. S. Donnelly, A. P. Webster; Alternates, Com- 
rades John Workman, Charles Hooven, James McKinzie, Thos. 
O'Connor, S. A. Swigget. 

Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan. 

Commander, O. F. Parmeter; Past Commanders, E. L. 
Dickinson, J. D. Moore, E. P. Day, Geo. W. Righienour; Dele- 
gates, Comrade T. A. Foster, J. R. Comfort; Alternates, Comrade 
P. W. Rightenour, R. Thompson. 

Frank P. Blair Post No. 6, Virginia City. 

Commander, A. E. Gloyd; Past Commanders, James E. Cal- 
laway, H. U. Blake, Stephen Gainer, Eugene Stark, J. B. Car- 
ruthers, T. P. Cox, J. H. Davis, J. B. How, Samuel Page; Dele- 
gates, Comrades H. S. Howell, H. E. Childs; Alternates, Com- 
rades A. U. Rogers, S. M. Brown. 

Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston. 

Commander, A. B. Hicks; Past Commanders, F. W.Wright, 
Pierce Hoopes, John S. Killen, H. J. Hoops, Thomas J. Mains; 
Delegates. Comrades John Doyle, U. Eberts; Alternates, Com- 
rades W. H. Yeaton, S. Shrake. 

Steadman Post No. 8, Dillon. 

No report. 

Wm. English Post No. 10, Bozeman. 

Commander, T. M. Pierce; Past Commanders, B. F. Osborn, 
W. Y. Smith, Roger Edwards, Lester S. Wilson, James A. Mc- 
Elroy, J. H. Nixon, J. M. Lundlay; Delegates, Comrades W. S. 
Mathews," R. M. Whitefoot; Alternates, W. F. Sanders, George 
O. Eaton. 

Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missoula. 

Commander, Andrew Moore; Past Post Commanders, Will 
Kennedv, John L. Sloane, C. W. Lombard, W. J. Livingston, Eli 
Fisher, T. J. McClung, W. H. H. Dickinson, W. E. Bancroft; 
Delegates, Comrades Samuel Bellow, C.W. Eombard; Alternates 
Comrades A. Moore, W. E. Bancroft. 

Thomas L. Kane Post No. 12, Glendive. 

Commander, John S. Shaub; Past Commanders, Pierce 
Hoopes, Jr., Henry C. Tuttle, Morris S. Burnett; Delegates, Com- 
rades James McCormick, John Bamber; Alternates, Comrades J. 
W. Allen, Moses P. Wyman. 

James B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder. 

Commander, B. F. Hoopes; Past Commanders, A. S. Kel- 
logg, George TenEyck. 

U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City. 

Commander, C. E. Case. 



—88— 

John A. Logan Post No. 15, Billings. 

Commander, A. P. Hart; Past Commanders, E. C. Waters, 
J. R. Goss, L,. Whitney; Delegates, Comrades L,. Whitney, W. O. 
Parker. 

George G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 

Commander, M. B. Spier; Past Commanders, A. B. Gates, 
T. C. Davidson, J. S. Wisner, N. H. Moriev, Eben Golden; Dele- 
gates, Comrades J. T. James, T. O'Eearv; Alternates, Comrades 

A. Short, W. S. Whitelev. 

Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls.' 

Commander, P. H. Hughes; Past Commanders, D. C. Mc- 
Gill, Charles Taylor, J. O. Gregg, F. George Heldt, F. Coombs; 
Delegates, Comrades J. "W. Clark, W. H. Safford; Alternates, 
Comrades E. M. Mitchel, C. E. Thayer. 

James A. Shields Post No. 19, Lewiston. 

Commander, James Reed; Past Commanders, S. 3. Harper, 

B. H. Bowman. J. T. Frost, R. N. Noble, J. McCourt; Delegates, 
Comrades O. W. Kelly, A. M. Macomba; Alternates, Comrades 
A. Hash, W. G. Eong. 

G. K. Warren Post No. 20, Benton. 

Commander, John C. Duif ; Past Commander, J. J. Donnelly; 
Delegates, Pat Whalen, Dan Dutro; Alternates, John Grant, H. 
Brown. 

John C. Fremont Post No. ^21, Hamilton. 

Commander, E. L. DeHaven; Past Commander, Fi-ederick 
Hoffman; Delegates, Frank Bourgon, M. M. Eockwood; Alter- 
nates, George O. Gray, M. Florida. 

Burnside Post No. 22, Philipsburg. 

Commander, Morris Sharpe; Past Commander, James K. 
Pardee, W. T. Allison; Delegates, Comrade Jerome A. Mathew-: 
Alternate, Comrade Lee Deganhart. 

Nat Lyons Post No, 23, Kalispel. 

Commander, R. A. Rollins; Past Commanders, A. F. Mc- 
Kay, R. C. Palmer, David J. Plume; Delegates, Comrades R. C. 
Palmer, H. C. Fullerton. 

George H. Thomas Post — Surrendered. 
Past Commander, J. H. Mills. 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

F. P. Sterling, 
W. S. Mathews, 
J. H. Jacksen. 

Committee. 

On motion of Comrade Sanders of Wadsworth Post 
No. 3, the Assistant Adjutant General was instructed to 
prepare a list of comrades entitled to vote at this Annual 
Encampment in order of their highest rank. 

List of Comrades present were as follows: 

J. O. Gregg, Department Commander. 

P. R. Dolman, Senior Vice Department Commander. 

G. W. Jenkins, Department Chaplain. 

C. B. Miller, Department Medical Director. 

F. George Heldt, Assistant Adjutant General. 

W. A. Haven, Assistant Quarter Master General. 



_; -89- 

F. P. Sterling, Department Judge Advocate. 

Thomas P. Fuller, Past Department Commander. 

J. G. Sanders, Past Department Commander. 

J. E. Doud, Post Commander No. 2; J. H. Jacksen, Past 
Post Commander No. 2; C. S. Shoemaker, Past Post Commander 
No. 2; J. B. Scott, Past Post Commander No. 2; T. H. Klein- 
schmidt, Post Commander No. 3; R. E. Fisk, Past Post Com- 
mander No. 3; Ed. S. Walker, Past Post Commander No. 3; C. F. 
Gage, Past Post Commander No. 3; A. B. Hicks, Post Command- 
er No. 7; Thomas J. Maine, Past Post Commander No. 7; F. M. 
Pierce, Post Commander No. 10; B. F. Osborn, Past Post Com- 
mander No. 10; J. H. Nixon, Past Post Commander No. 10; B. F. 
Hoopes, Post Commander No. 13; A. S. Kellogg, Past Post Com- 
mander No. 13; Geo . TenEyck, Past Post Commander No. 13; L. 
C. Whitney, Past Post Commander No. 15; M. B. Spier, Post 
Commander No. 16; N. H. Morley, Past Post Commander No. 16; 
Morris Sharpe, Post Commander No. 22; J. H. Mills, Past Post 
Commander George H. Thomas Post No. 4, surrendered. 

Delegates from Post 2 — P. H. Manchester and John Bechtel. 
From Post 3 — A. F. Newberry, J. B. Loomis, A. B. Webster, J. 
R. Hillman and S. A. Swigget. From Post 6— H. S. Howell. 
From Post 10— W. S. Mathews, R. M. Whitefoot and George O. 
Eaton. From Post 16— T. O'Leary, A. Short and W. S. White- 
ley. From Post 18— J. W. Clark. From Post 23— H, C. Fuller- 
ton. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 1:30 p. m. 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The first business upon reassembling was the reading 
of his annual report and address by the Department Com- 
mander. 

Headquarters ) 

Grand Army of the Repubuc [- 

Department of Montana. ) 

Great Falls, Montana, May 15th, 1894. 

Twenty-nine years ago was ended the greatest conflict 
known to modern history. One year later the actors (who 
wore the blue) in the bloody tragedy, organized themselves 
into a society known as the "Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic." This society has no apology to make for its exist- 
ence. It points with commendable pride to more than 
seventy millions of freemen; to a flag, bloodstained it is 
true, but unsullied by "a deed that our fathers have done" 
and glorified by the heroic achievements of comrades, some 
of them as daring as any recorded in history, or recounted 
in song or story. 

It is one of the greatest charitable organizations the 
world has ever seen. Since its existence, nearly two and 
one-half millions of dollars have been expended by the 
members for the relief of comrades and their widows and 
orphans. 

It has already accomplished much, but its mission is 
not yet complete. It must still stand as a bulwark between 
the country and its foes. It must still see that no comrade 
dies in the poor house. It must yet care that no veteran 



_______^ —90— 

is buried in the Potter's field. That no pension shall be 
unjustly taken away or wilfully denied. It must continue 
to be an object lesson in patriotism to the rising genera- 
tion. 

We are met today on the Tenth Anniversary of the 
Order in Montana, to review the business of the past year 
and provide for its successful conduct during the next 
twelve months. 

As the age of the comrades composing the member- 
ship of the Grand Army increases,, the difficulty of keeping 
up the organization also increases. Nearly all those who 
bore the heat and burden of the battle now feel the infirm- 
ities of age. This very fact, however, makes the duty of 
maintaining the order more imperative, more necessary 
that we should consider and profit by the experience of 
the past, and more carefully provide for the exigencies of 
the future. 

The report I have the honor to present today for your 
consideration does not display as large results as we had 
planned at the beginning of the year. 

The financial cyclone which swept over the country 
before the Department of Montana had recovered from its 
prostration of the preceding year, and which spread broad- 
cast among our comrades disaster and distress, threatening 
many of them with starvation and ruin, and placing all of 
them upon the defensive, with a long, uncertain winter 
through which to provide for themselves and families, 
mad^" it necessary that all of our plans for increasing the 
membership of the Posts be abandoned, and our best ef- 
forts be devoted to retaining those we already had in our 
ranks. 

At our last reunion I had the honor to report nineteen^ 
Posts, part of them in a very precarious condition. I hav« 
now the honor to report the same number, and all but one 
in a very much improved condition of efficiency and in- 
terest. 

I regret, however, the deplorable fact that during the. 
past six months hundreds of our comrades have been^ 
struggling for the barest necessities to enable them to sup- 
port life until the storm had blown over, and have been ut-j 
terly unable to pay their dues. 

Three whole Posts reported themselves so badh 
crippled financially and their members so much scatterec 
and discouraged that they were un able to raise money to paj 
rent, provide for their sick or incur the expense of holding 
meetings of their Posts until easier financial conditions 
prevailed among them. 

I offered to visit them and by holding campfires, and 
other means, endeavor to arouse more enthusiasm among 
them. They, however, begged me to wait; their interest 



« 



N 



— 91-- 

was not flagging, but they could not raise money to dis- 
fray expenses of any kind at present I therefore deferred 
this plan and confined myself to writing encouraging let- 
ters, urging them to stand fast by their organization; that 
I would place their condition before their comrades at the 
Encampment for action, promising that they could safely 
rely on the good will and leniency of those "who drank 
from the same canteen" long years ago. 

We therefore advanced their national per capita tax, 
and that of one or two others who required time in which 
to collect, with the understanding ihat they would en- 
deavor to remit the same before the Encampment and 
avoid suspension. 

I am happy to report that all these dues have been 
paid as agreed; and that all the Posts but one are in good 
standing. 

Our consolidated reports for the term ending on De- 
cember 31, 1893, show a falling off in membership in good 
standing of nearly one hundred. 

This startling decrease in numbers reported does not 
at this time indicate a decrease of interest in the work of 
the order. It is simply a result of the financial paral3'sis 
which has deprived the veteran of the means with w^hich to 
pay his dues, and the inability of other comrades to ad- 
vance the same as they have been in the habit heretofore 
of doing. 

In ordinary times this would be a fair criterion by 
which to estimate the degree of interest of the comrades in 
the work of the Cirand Army. I am happy, however, to be 
able to report that a far greater interest in all that pertains 
to our order is now displayed by the comrades throughout 
the entire state than when we began our work at the be- 
ginning of the year. 

At first it was difficult to obtain even an answer to let- 
ters written officers of Posts asking for information, but in 
a short time the comrades were made to feel that it was 
both a duty and a pleasure to correspond with them on any 
subject of interest to them as comrades, and to advise and 
assist them to the best of our ability, to promote their in- 
tere.^ts generally whenever in our power, making it a rule 
to reply to every communication received immediately, 
however trivial might seem the subject matter, and to com- 
municate to them everything of interest to them in relation 
to the affairs of their Posts or the Department, we very 
quickly began to receive letters from comrades and old 
soldiers from every part of the state, showing a largely in- 
creased interest, and, I think, productive of much good. 

During the year the expenditures of the Department 
have been confined to the income, although that income 



—92— 

proved to be much less than we had reason to expect at 
the beginning of the year. 

Prior to the commencement of the present term, all 
the money of the Department had been lost. Extraordi- 
nary expenses were made necessary by certain peremptory 
orders from the Commander-in-Chief, A. G. Weissert. The 
supplies in the Assistant Quartermaster General's office 
were soiled or otherwise despoiled and rendered useless. 
Assistant Quarter Master General Haven had no recept- 
acle in which to protect future purchases or supplies from 
damage. The Department Banner had returned from 
Washington in bad condition, we advancing the express 
charges on the same. The eagle had been lost and the 
banner itself had otherwise been damaged. 

To remedy these and other defects and place the De- 
partment in any sort of condition to begin the business of 
the year, it had been necessary to incur an indebtedness 
and begin the year with a large deficit to be paid from the 
June returns. 

The financial depression greatly reduced our Decem- 
ber returns, altogether producing a condition that required 
us to conduct the business of the Department on an income 
of little more than one-half of that estimated as available, 
for this purpose. 

However, we are .glad to report that while our short- 
age made it necessary to omit many expenses that would 
have enhanced the efficiency of the order, we have con- 
fined these expenses to our actual net income to the end 
that our successors may find no deficiency or indebtedness 
to weigh them down in their efforts to further strengthen 
the order during the coming year. 

Thi-5 far my report has been one of partial failure 
to accomplish contemplated and very desirable improve- 
ments in the Department. 

I will now report the "silver lining" said to "brighten 
every cloud" is no myth in connection with that cloud 
which has temporarily darkened the affairs of this Depart- 
ment, but the bright side has revealed itself in so many 
pleasant ways, and with such an ever increasing brilliancy, 
in the greater interest displayed, in the reviving of the old 
time determination to never know defeat, the more com- 
pact ranks, and the greater fraternal feeling between the 
comrades, all indicate that our disasters have welded us 
more closely together and in the end will work good to the 
order. 

Among the bright gleams from our clouds may be men- 
tioned: The present high rank of Montana at National 
Headquarters, the front rank only is good enough for Mon- 
tana, and there she has stood during the entire year in spite ' 



—93— 

of thi friendly efforts of the other 44 Departments to dis- 
place her. 

Our reports for the terms ending in June and Decem- 
ber were both received at National Headquarters before 
those of any other of the Departments, and the Depart- 
ment of Montana has received the cordial congratulations 
of the present administration, of their predecessors. Gen- 
eral A. G. Weissert and others, besides those of many of 
our sister departm.ents. 

The credit for the above satisfactory result is largely 
due to the indefatigable perseverance of the heads of the 
several divisions in inducing the Posts to promptly for- 
ward their reports to Department Headquarters after the 
last meeting of each Post preceding the date when the 
reports were due from them. Also the industry of these 
Department officers in consolidating the reports and their 
promptness in forwarding the same to the National Head- 
quarters. 

Their success may be better appreciated by a state- 
ment that the first place has for many years been retained 
among the eastern states, and there is yearl}' a lively com- 
petition for the honor. 

Last June Montana captured the leading place, with 
her sister state Idaho as second. This was noticed by 
some of the Department Commanders in General Orders 
and their Posts were urged to greater efforts to recover 
their lost ground. National Headquarters having removed 
to the far east seemed to confine the December competit- 
ion to those states only. The thanks of the Department 
are due Comrades Heldt, Haven, Snider and others of the 
Department staff that Montana still "wears the belt" 
although the second place has returned to its eastern home. 

The office of the Assistant Adjutant General is in 
good condition. Under the efficient management of the 
A. A. G., F. Geo. Heldt, the business of his office has 
been kept in good condition in every respect. 

He has carefully assorted all material received from 
Butte and elsewhere, and as far as possible collated it for 
publication. Unfortunately much material had been lost be- 
fore its receipt by him and he has not been able to replace 
the same. The records of the office since they came into 
his custody have been systematically kept, and are ready 
for publication whenever the Department feel able to incur 
the expense for this purpose. 

When this is done, several years may be consolidated 
into one pamphlet, and the expense of publication largely 
reduced. 

Comrade Heldt is entitled to much credit for the labor 
and care he has given the business of his office, the zeal 
with which he has corresponded with the officers of the 



—94— 

several Posts of the Department, advising 
with them in their troubles, instructing them as to their 
work, and encouraging them to renewed efforts in the in- 
terests of the order, and to council with him freely in any 
matters requiring advice or assistance. 

The Assistant Quarter Master General's office is also 
in prime condition. When our unfortunate Comrade 
Yeager was declared insane and the affairs of his office 
were placed in the hands of Comrade W. A. Haven, a new 
order of business was speedily inaugurated. The debris of 
the office was speedily inventoried, assorted and cleaned 
as far a«5 possible, and a new receptacle was prepared for 
the storage of supplies. New supplies were purchased 
from National Headquarters, new books were opened, cor- 
respondence was had with Post officers to ascertain their 
needs, which were promptly supplied. He has kept a con- 
stant finger on the pulse of distressed Posts and has en- 
deavored to aid them in every way possible. His reports 
have been promptly rendered, accurate, neat and thorough, 
and together with Comrade Heldt he has been largely in- 
strumental in retaining for Montana the place of honor at 
National Headquarters. 

The importance of such zeal during the past year has 
been beyond computation, and more than one disheartened' 
Post and comrade has been incited to renewed interest and 
courage by their words of good cheer and examples, which 
cannot be too highly commended. 

The Assistant Inspector General, S. E. Snider, has 
proven himself a jewel, and it is with sorrow that we an- 
nounce his removal (by the church of which he is a pastor) 
to other fields of usefulness. But although far away from 
the comrades who love him for his cherry and encouraging 
letters, his songs and campfire talk, he will still make 
himself useful among comrades of Arizona and New Mex- 
ico, to whom we heartily recommend him. 

The present system of inspection is very unsatisfac- 
tory and illy adapted to the meager revenues of a Depart- 
ment so widely scattered as is ours. 

The Installing Officer could also be Post Inspector 
and make a plain, simple report to ttie Assistant Inspector 
General, inspecting the Post before installing its new of- 
ficers. 

The Assistant Judge Advocate General, F. P. Sterl- 
ing, has been frequently called upon for opinions and de- 
cisions, and has in all cases rendered them promptly, 
clearly and satisfactorily to the interests involved. 

His unfailing courtesy and tact has largely influenced 
the affairs of the Department, the results of which are ap- 
paren t in almost every Post. 

The Rules and Regulations, by reason of frequent ad- 



—95— 

ditions, alterations, and many conflicting decisions, have 
become cumbersome and difficult of interpretation by De- 
partment and Post Officers. 

It would be of benefit to all if the National Encamp- 
ment were to appoint a committee to revise them and make 
them as few, plain and simple as possible. 

The Chaplain and other officers of the Department 
have been attentive to their duties during the year, and 
are entitled to the thanks of the comrades for their effici- 
ency. 

It has been impossible to obtain a full list of those 
who have died since the first of January, although efforts 
have been made in that direction. Post officers have been 
derelict in this important matter. 

Memorial Day was generally observed throughout the 
Department in accordance with the resolutions adopted at 
the Ninth Encampment, and a marked decrease of the 
games, races and other sports which of late years have 
marred the solemnity of this day was noticed almost every- 
where. 

The Sons of Veterans of Montana,by their appearance, 
conduct, drill and zeal, have well earned the good will, 
affection and pride of their fathers who bequeathed to them 
an inheritance of honor, loyalty and courage, with the 
full assurance that, as custodians of the same, it will be 
kept untarnished and guarded by them as a sacred trust. 

There naturally presents itself to every old soldier the 
question of who will preserve the history and records of 
the past when the Grand Army men have answered their 
last roll call. 

To provide for this, and with a view to perpetuating 
the patriotic spirit amongst the young men, a strong feel- 
ing is manifesting itself amongst the old veterans to admit 
the Sons of Veterans(under'proper restrictions) into the G. 
A. R. , after the manner of the Society of the Cincinnati, 
and thus not only perpetuate our order, but bring our bo)s 
into our presence and councils while we are yet living, to 
instill into them the principles of the G. A. R., and to 
cheer and strengthen our declining years, as we prepare 
them to carry on the work that we must soon lay down. 
Other Departments are already agitating the matter, 
which seems worthy of our consideration at this time 

The Woman's Relief Corps, under the able manage- 
ment of Mrs. Isabella Kirkendall, the Department Presi- 
dent, has been a mine of aid and encouragement to com- 
rades throughout the state, and is worthy of commenda- 
tion. Both of these organizations have suffered by reason 
of the financial depression, and should receive our best en- 
couragement to renewed efforts to increase their numbers 
and efficiency. 



-g6 — 



One of the most efficient methods of increasing inter- 
est in the G. A. R. and auxiliary organizations, is the 
campfire, which should be held frequently and be as large- 
ly attended as possible. 

The Post room is the only club which can be afforded 
by many of the old soldiers, and they and their families 
should b3 encouraged to attend regularly and the fires be 
kept bright and sparkling with stories of adventure, and 
with songs, and all other methods that will add to the in- 
terest and happiness of the old veteran and his family and 
educate his children to increased love for "Old Glory" and 
all that it maans to them and to their decendants for in- 
numerable generations to come. 

Your attention is here called to circular No. 3 from 
National Headquarters in relation to military education in 
the common schools, which is hereby attached as a part of 
this report and fully endorsed. — (See page 99.) 

Resolutions of censure were prepared by the last En- 
campment to be considered and acted upon at the present 
Encampment, censuring Corprades Sloan and York for der- 
eliction in the performance of duties pertaining to their 
respective offices In this connection I desire to simply 
call attention of the comrades to the keystone of the arch 
which supports our organization, CHARITY, and I trust 
that while considering a matter of the gravest import to 
the comrades in question you will not lose sight of this, 
the greatest principle on which our beloved order is found- 
ed. 

Soldiers' Home — During the next session of the state 
legislature action will probably be taken looking to the 
location of a state home for invalid and aged soldiers. 

It is important that nothing but regard for the health, 
pleasure and convenience for the aged or decrepit occu- , 
pant of this home should be considered in the selection of' 
its site. It should be located centrally to be of easy access 
to its beneficiaries and to the members of the Grand Armyj 
who are interested in watching over the wealth and well- 
fare of its inmates. 

If the proposed action looking to a permanent location! 
of the Annual Encampment at some particular point,] 
result in a selection of such location, it v/ould seem wise! 
to also select, as nearly as^ossible, the same location fori 
the soldiers' home. 

It is recommended that the committee appointed byj 
the Ninth Encampment be instructed to bring the matter] 
before the legislature, requesting them to appoint a com- 
mittee of veterans of the Department, who shall be recom- 
mended by this Encampment, or by the incoming Council! 
of Administration, to consider the merits of the various] 
sites offered, and under the advice of the Council of Ad- 



—97— 

ministration, select and recommend such site as seems best 
adapted to the purpose, and to urge said legislature to 
pass an act adopting such site and providing for its im- 
mediate and proper improvement and support. 

The last legislature passed a house bill providing for 
a census of the state during 1895. It is recommended that 
this Encampment appoint a committee to induce the next 
legisleture to incorporate in said bill an amendment re- 
quiring that the census takers also obtain the names, resi- 
dence, occupation, present condition of dependency, etc., 
as well as the com pan}', regiment and branch of service of 
every ex-federal soldier who served between the years r86i 
and 1865. 

This would be a source of no additional expense to 
the state, and the infonnation would enable future Depart- 
ment Officers to locate and communicate with every ex- 
soldier in the state; ascertain their numbers in any given 
locality, their condition; decide where new posts can be 
established and maintained; whether existing Posts are 
keeping. their organization up to a proper standard in 
numbers and efficiency, and to be of benefit generally to 
the order and to the soldier. 

The transferring of the supplies of the Assistant Quar- 
ter Master General's office from place to place with each 
change of administration seems to be an unnecessary source 
of loss and expense to the Department. A centrally locat- 
ed place should be selected as a depository of these sup- 
plies, and the Assistant Quarter Master General should be 
selected from among the residents of that place. 

Pensions — Under the law as formerly constructed and 
administered, the disabled comrade found substantial re- 
lief. 

Under the liberal provisions of that law it was not 
necessary for a soldier who had endured the privations of 
camp, the hardships of the march, the horrors of the 
battle and the sufferings of the prison, to 
spend his declining years in the poor hcuse or die a 
pauper. 

The nation was not unmindful of your sacrifices; but 
the present administration has assumed a hostile attitude; 
toward the veteran. , 

At the opening of the December session of congress, 
the president made the following astonishing statement: 
That "thousands of neighborhoods have their well known 
fraudulent pensioners!" 

Under hostile rulings thousands of pensioners have 
been suspended, and hundreds of thousands of dollars are 
being expended by detectives and spies in the aid of these 
covert attacks against "the men who saved the nation," 



-98- 

and among the saddest of the resuhs ofthis crusade against 
the old soldier is the fear and anxiety of old and enfeebled 
pensioners that they may at last fill a pauper's grave and 
their helpless families be left to the cold charity of an in-i 
different public. 

The Grand Army of the Republic — five hundredl 
thousand strong — is solidly in favor of purity in the admin- 
istration of the pension office, and making it indeed a roll 
of honor, as being evidence that the recipient of the pen- 
sion has served his country faithfully and well; but as one 
man they protest against their services being measured 
and valued by those who remained at home, although 
young and strong, or who failed in their efforts to destroy 
the government, only by reason of the effectiveness of 
these services. 

The department badge, as officially adopted by the 
Missoula Encampment, consists of a silver brick, pendantj 
from a tri-colored ribbon, with a large rosette at the top. 
The rosette rapidly gathers dirt and continually requires 
replacing. I therefore repeat my recommendation that a^ 
plain copper bar pin with the name of the state inscribed j 
thereon be substituted for the rosette. This would be clean, 
neat and durable, and in connection with the silver brick j 
and the gold or gilt state arms and motto, as adopted byi 
the National Encampment, as official distinctive depart- 
ment badges, would furnish a symbol of the three leading] 
mining industries of the state. 

I would therefore recommend that this, or some other 
suitable device, be substituted for the present rosette, and 
that this Encampment take some action on the same. 

Uniform — Last year I suggested that a committee be] 
appointed to select a uniform for the Department, but no I 
action was taken. • 

At present every comrade selects that which pleases 
him best, and the result is that there is no uniformity in the] 
uniforms worn by the officers and comrades, even of thej 
same Post. 

I would therefore repeat my recommendation of last 
year that a committee be appointed, with instructions to 
select and report to this Encampment a distinctive uni- 
form for the Department and Post officers and comrades of 
the Department of Montana. 

In closing this, my last report and official communi- 
cation, I desire to tender my hearty thanks to all the com- 
rades of the Department for their uniform courtesy, their 
many deeds of kindness and valuable assistance and advice 
while in a trying position, their leniency in overlooking 
my many mistakes and favorably criticising my blunders in 
the management of the affairs of the Department intrusted 
to me by them, and their unvarying loyalty to the high 



-99— 

office which I have had the honor to occupy during the 
past year. For all of which I am grateful beyond ex- 
pression. 

J. O. Gregg, 
Department Commander. 

Headquarters | 

Grand Army of the Repubwc. f 

Lynn, Mass., Jan. lo, 1894. 
Circular No. j. 

The committee on resolutions of the Twenty-seventh 
National Encampment, Grand Army of the Republic, re- 
ported in part as follows: 

"We heartily approve the recommendations of La- 
fa5'ette Post 140, Department of New York, that military 
instruction be made a part of the common school system, 
to the end that the young of our land be given a prelim- 
inary military training; and it is hereby 

"Resolved, That the incoming Commander-in-Chief 
shall, in a general circular, call attention to this matter 
and invite the co-operation of the Department Command- 
ers, to the end that special effort be made toward the ac- 
complishment of this object, and that such general circu- 
lar shall embod}' briefly the reasons set forth in the Me- 
morial of Lafayette Post." 

The memoral referred to is given herewith. 

Whereas, The policy of the United States in main- 
taining a small standing army leaves the defense of the 
country in time of war to rest upon hasty levies of volun- 
teers; and 

Whereas, The rapidity with which wars progress in 
modern times has reduced the time available for the in- 
struction of such levies to a very brief period; and 

Whereas, 1 he Grand Army of the Republic recog- 
nizes the importance of making adequate provision for the 
formation of an effective force which will, after its mem- 
bers have passed away, fill the places which they once oc- 
cupied in the ranks of the defenders of our country; and 

Whereas, This force, under the peculiar institutions 
of this country, can best be obtained by giving to the 
youths at school a preliminary military training which they 
will carry through life, and which will be of substantial 
benefit to them, physically and mentally, in the pursuits of 
peace; and it is therefore desirable that all American youths 
should receive military instruction at the earliest practi- 
cable age; and 

Whereas, The Grand Army of the Republic has been 
foremost in the patriotic work of inculcating a spirit of loy- 
alty and devotion to our flag and country; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the members of the Grand Army of 



— lOO — 

the Republic cordially endorse the language of Comrade 
Benjamin Harrison, addressed to the N^.tional Association 
of Teachers, that "The strength and defense of our insti- 
tutions, not only in peace but in war, is to be found in the 
young of the land who have received from the lips of pa- 
triotic teachers the story of the sacrifice which our fathers 
made to establish our civil institutions, and which their 
sons have repeated on hundreds of battle-fields. The or- 
ganized army of the United States, even if we include the 
militia of the states, is of insignificant proportions when 
put in contrast with the armies of other great powers 
of the world. Our strength is not in these; it is in the 
great reserve to be found in the instructed young of our 
land, who come to its defense in time of peril." 

Resolved, That this Twenty-Seventh annual National 
Encampment is of the opinion that the Grand Army of the 
Republic takes a deep interest in all efforts to provide for 
the future defense of the country, and that it recommends 
an organized effort to impress upon the various municipal, 
state and national authorities the advisability of the adop- 
tion of a system by which scholars attending the public 
and private schools, as well as the high schools and col- 
leges, shall receive instruction in military matters, and to 
impress upon the rising generation of the country the fact 
that as American citizens it is their high duty to bring to 
the defense of their country, in its need, the education 
which they may have received in this particular in their 
youthful days. 

Resolved, That it is the recommendation of thisj 
National Encampment that the Department Commanders] 
give especial attention to the accomplishment of this ob- 
ject through a staff officer, and that the Posts in the vari- 
ous cities, towns and villages, by committees, public meet-l 
ings and other means, give their earnest co-operation and] 
support in securing necessary legislative, municipal and) 
school-board action, as well as to obtain, where required, ^ 
national aid by provision of arms, equipments and instruct- 
ors. 

It is suggested that Department Commanders call the! 
attention of Posts and comrades of their Department to 
these resolutions; and it is further suggested that a Depart- 
ment Commander's Order or Circular be issued embodying] 
such plan and the method of procedure, as may be thought 
best adapted to the school systems in said Department. 
All in the approval of the sentiments expressed in the 
foregoing resolutions. 

John G. B. Adams, 
Official: Jas. H.Meech, Commander in Chief 

Adjutant General 



— lOl 

upon motion of Comrade Sanders of Wadsworth Post 
No. 3, the report and address was referred to a special 
committee ccnsisling of Comrades T.O'Leary, Meade Post 
No. i6; L. E. Holmes, Lincoln Post No. 2; R. M. White- 
foof, William English Post No. 10; L. Whitney, John A. 
Ldgan Post No. 15; J. H. Mills, Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 

A resolution was unanimously adopted by the Depart- 
ment as follow-: 

"Greeting: The Grand Army of the Republic, De- 
partment of Montana, in session at G. A. R. hall, Helena, 
Montana, sends greeting to the Sons of Vet- 
erans, the Woman's Relief Corps and the Ladies' Aid So- 
cieties, -where loxal, loving hearts ever beat in sympathy 
with the defenders of the old flag, and whose places the 
former will soon be called to fill in sustaining the honors 
of a country one and inc^visible. J. O. Gregg, 

F. Geo. Heldt, Department Commander. 

A. A. General. 

The Senior Vice Commander asked to have his report 
passed until Thursday morning, which was granted. 

The Junior Vice Commander was absent, so gave no 
report. 

The Assistant Adjutant General's report and Assistant 
Quarter Master General's were then read. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, } 
Grand Army of the Republic \ 

Office of Assistant Adjutant General. 

Great Falls, Montana, April 24,, 1894. 

T(7 y. O. Gregg Department Comrnander: 

Dear Sir and CojMR/.de — In compliance with the 
rules and regulations prescribing the duties of the officers 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, I respectfully submit 
herewith my report as Assistant Adjutant General for the 
official j^ear commencing May 17, 1893, and ending with 
this Encampment. 

The following is a consolidation of the various Post 
Adjutant reports received at th;s office for the half years 
ending June 30, 1893, and December 31, 1893, respect- 
ively: 

Number in g-ood standing Dec. 31, 1892 562 

Gains -By Muster in 65 

B3' Transfer 3 

By Reinstatement 51 

Total g-ains 119 

Aggregate 681 

Losses— By death 5 

By honorable discharge 3 

By transfer 24 

By suspension 32 

By delinquent reports 5 

Total loss 69 



— I02 — 

N.umber of members remaining in good standing. 612 

Number remaining suspended 64 

Dropped during quarter, having been previously 

reported suspended 9 

Expended in charity $259.85 

Number of members or their families relieved. . . 1 
Number of persons not members relieved 1 

Number in good standing June 30, 1893 612 

Gains— By Muster in 13 

By transfer 1 

By reinstatemen L 15 

By reinstatement from delinquent Posts. . 1 

Total gains 30 

Aggregate 626 

Losses— By death 3 

By honorable discharge 2 

By transfer 4 

By suspension ^ 104 

Total loss 113 

Number remaining in good standing 513 

Number remaining suspended 91 

Dropped during quarter, having been previoulj' 

reported suspended 45 

Expended in charity $49.00 

Number of persons not members relieved 2 

From these reports it will be seen that there were in 
good standing in the Department: 

December 31, 1892 562 Members 

June 30, 1893 612 Members 

December 31, 1893 513 Members 

That there was a gain of fifty members in the first 
half year and a loss of eighty-three in the last half year, 
leaving a loss of forty-nine in the year commencing Jan- 
uary ist, 1893, and ending December 31st, 1893, including 
Steadman Post of sixteen members dropped and George 
H. Thomas Post of sixteen members, which were lost by 
reason of surrender of charter during that time, and are in- 
cluded in the loss for the year. 

Also, that the losses and gains for the year were as 

follows: 

Losses — By Death • • • • 8 

By Honorable Discharge 5 

By Transfer 28 

By Suspension 136 

By Delinquencies 5 

Dropped, no report from Steadman Post 16 

Total Loss 198 

Gains — By Muster in 78 

By Transfer 4 

By Reinstatement 66 

By Reinstatement from Delinquent report 1 

Total Gains If 9 

Which, taken from the total los^ leaves a loss durmg 
the year of 49 members, as above sl/ated. 



— 103— 

The loss, it will readily be seen, comes under the 
head of suspended, and can only be attributed to the hard 
times, comrades being unable to pay their dues and are 
thus suspended. This can, to a great extent, be avoided 
in the future by this Encampment passing a resolution (if 
in its power; to the effect that Posts remit dues in such cases, 
cases. 

James B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder, and U. 
S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City, have not reported the 
names of officers elect for 1894; neither have the\' reported 
the names of delegates to this Encampment, although re- 
peated requests were made by letter for these reports. 

The amount expended for charity /iuring the year, as 
reported by the various Posts, is $308.85. This, however, 
does not include money that has b-<ren given by comrades 
for the purpose, which has not gone into the relief fund. 
Some Posts have no relief fund, and when cases of need 
come to their knowledge collections are made of the com- 
rades and no report is made of it or kept. It is safe to say 
that five times as much is expended for relief in this man- 
ner thaa by the relief fund. 

No report has been received from Steadman Post No. 
8, Dillon, during the present administration, although 
every effort has been made by this office in the way of 
writing to the Post again and again, urgently requesting 
reports, but no reply has been received. And, insomuch 
as the Post has signified no intention or desire to surrender 
its charter, it is, in my opinion, a matter to which the at- 
tention of this Encampment should be directed. 

Charters have been issued to two new Posts since I 
assumed the duties of this office, namely: 

Burnside Post No. 22, Philipsburg. 

Nat Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispell. 

These Posts, however, were organized and installed 
prior to the present administration. 

I received twentj' dollars charter fees from these two 
Posts and turned the same over to the A. Q. M. General, 
receiving hi_, receipt therefor. 

Since the organization of the Department, four Posts 
have surrendered their charter, viz: 

John Buford Post No. i. Fort Custer. 

Alfred Sully Post No. 9, Billings. 

Thomas Francis Meagher Post No. 17, White Sulphur 
Springs. 

George H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge. 

Owing to the absence of records giving the necessary 
information, I am unable to report the casualties of the 
Department since its organization. This is a matter that 
seems to me of the greatest importance, and suggest that 
an effort be made to ascertain the names of all comrades 
who have died in the Department, and a record kept of 



— 104 — 

them in the A. A. General's office, giving Company and 
Regiment in which served, date of death and where in- 
terred, etc. It has been my intention to do this, but owing 
to so many other datas that I have been gathering for 
records, I have not been able to accomplish this. 

All general orders and circulars received from Nation- 
al haadquarters have baaa promptly sent to the different 
Posts in th3 D^partmint, to Dapartmsnt and Staff Officers 
as also all Department orders, and a copy of each placed 
on file in this office. A copy of the journal of the Twenfy- 
Seventh National Encampment has also been mailed to 
each Post and Department and Staff Officers. The badge 
of the 27th National Encampment has been furnished to all 
who are entitled to it. 

For reasons perhaps best known to yourself, much 
that should have been done remains undone. I will men- 
tion one or two that occurs to me now, and which seem to 
me of most importance. A roster should have been pub- 
lished immediately after the installation of Post Officers 
for the year 1894. This has not been done for two reasons: 
First — There being no funds available for that purpose. 
Second — Several of the Posts have not reported the names 
of their officers, although repeatedly requested by letter to 
do so. 

The courtesy of exchanging journals and orders with 
the various Departments has not been extended by this 
Department during the present administration for reasons 
as above stated. No funds to publish journal and to print 
sufficient orders for that purpose. 

There are other matters which properly should be em- 
bodied in this report, but to gather necessary datas would 
consume more time and labor than I could devote to ac- 
complish the necessary result. 

My experience and observations in the past year have 
resulted in the conviction that too much care and judg- 
ment cannot be exercised in the selection of Post Adju- 
tants and Quarter Masters. They should be selected, not 
only with a view asto their clerical qualification and fitness, 
but more particularly to their disposition for promptness 
in the discharge of their duties. The\- are the most im- 
portant officers for both Post and Department and should 
be selected with the utmost care and judgment. 

It has been my utmost endeavor to perform the duties 
of this office as contemplated by the rules and regulations 
so far as praticable and satisfactory to all concerned. If 
I have succeeded in the latter, I am satisfied and have no 
apologies to offer. 

To the officers of the various Posts I wish to say that 
they have my sincere thanks and appreciation for their 
prompt responses and ready aid at all times and under all 
circumstances. 



— 105— 

To \ ou, Commander, and to my colleagues in office, 
I desire to express my most profound gratitude for the 
services you have rendered me in the discharge o f my 
duties, and for the friendly association that has character- 
ized our intercourse, trusting that with the closing of this 
encampment and our official association, the friendship and 
brotherly feeling, a feeling which only those who have 
stood side by side and shoulder to shoulder in the "Din of 
Battle"cai] appreciate — will not diminish but grow more 
ardent and stronger as the years roll by and our ranks 
grow thinner. 

Very Respectfull}', Your Obedient Servant in 

F. C. & L. 

F. Geo. Heldt, A. A. G. 



OFFICE OF THE ) 

ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER GENERAL ) 

Helena, Montana, April 25, 1894. 
J. 0. Gregg, Esq., Department Comniaiider. 

Comrade — I have the honor to submit herewith my 
report as Assistant Quartermaster General of the Depart- 
ment of Montana from May nth, 1893, to April 25th, 1894. 

At the date of my appointment by you, there was in 
the hands of the A. Q. M. G. the sum of S17.26; and 
there had been bills allowed by the encampment for ex- 
penses incurred for the previous year, amounting to $106.03 
There were also several requisitions from the Posts for 
Quartermaster's supplies, and not enough material in his 
stock to fill any of them. There was no stationery of any 
kind, excepting a few old envelopes, to enable the depart- 
ment Commander or any oi his staff officers to carry on 
the business of the department. 

One primary reason, as it seems to me, for this entire 
lack of the necessary supplies of the department, is the 
custom of changing the location of the office and store of 
the A. Q. M. G. every year, by which these valuable and 
necessary supplies get lost and misplaced, and when the 
new department officers enter upon their duties there is no 
systematic way in vogue to get the machine started, and 
nobody knows where to find what there really is; and be- 
fore the new roster of this department can be published, 
none of the Post Q. M's. know where to send for their sup- 
plies. This is particularly unfortunate in our State, where 
the encampments are held late in April, for early in May 
all the Posts usually make requisitions for badges, buttons 
and rank-straps for Memorial Day. In order to fill these 
May requisitions, and to get the necessary stationery and 
postage stamps, (as no money would come in from the per 
capita tax until the middle of June,) Wadsworth Post No. 3 
kindly advanced us 530, which enabled me to get from the 



— io6 — 

Quartermaster General supplies enough to fill all the re- 
quisitions from the Posts. 

In June, the Posts very promptly made their halt year- 
ly report":, and paid their per capita taxes, so that by the 
first of July all the bills incurred prior to May nth, had 
been paid, as well as those for new supplies of all kinds, 
for the Department Headquarters, and the staff officers 
and all the Post requisitions were promptly filled. 

In my report of May nth, 1893, 1 stated the value of 
Q. M's. supplies on hand as $74.25. I had taken account 
of stock on hand at cost, but I afterwards learned that 
more than half of this was valueless; it being for rituals, 
manuals, service-books, rules and regulations, etc., etc., 
which were ordered to be suppressed, and were superced- 
ed by new editions, so that this old stuff could not be is- 
sued to the Posts. 

In August, there was sent to me an unlocked box, said 
to contain the valuable property of the department. I 
found in it only the old Quartermaster's reports prior to 
1892; about fifty of the proceedings of the encampment of 
1885, '86, '87 and '88; eight vohmics of the reports of the 
Adjutant General of Illinois, and a dozen of the large size 
electrotypes. Later I got from another source about two 
hundred large envelopes printed for the office of some for- 
mer A. Q. M. G., and within a week there came into my 
possession a lot of blank credentials for representatives. 
If the A. Q. M. G's., office stays long enough in one place 
doubtless many lost articles may be sent home. 

' The old form of quarterly reports has been changed to 
half yearly terms, and I have in stock enough of the new 
forms to suppl^'all the Posts. All requisitions for Posts 
have been filled to date, and the value of Q. • M's supplies 
on hand, in the case I have made for them, is about 
;?8o.co. 

My condensed report of the finances is as follows: ' 

Cash on hand May nth, 1893 $ 17.26 

Received for charters $ 20.00 

Received for per capita tax •. . 552.50 

Received for Q. M's., supplies sold 75-37 647.87 

Total $665.13 

Received for Q. M's., supplies sold 6.00 

Total $671.13 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

Sundry bills on hand prior to May nth, 1893....$ 106.03 

Per capita tax to National Headquarters 14.06 

Salary of Assistant Adjutant General 100.00 

Salary of Assistant Quartermaster General 100.00 



- — 107— 

Expenses of Assistant Inspector General and As- 
sistants 51-50 

Quartermaster General for supplies 65.41 

Encampment badges and express on same 38-25 

Printing general orders 46. 25 

Stamped envelopes 17. 10 

Letter-heads, envelopes and printing 43- 50 

Expenses of department headquarters • 33- 00 

Expenses of office of A. Q. M. G 22.08 



Total $637.18 

Expenses of the A. Q. M. G's. office 7.80 

Expenses of the A. A. G's office 6. 70 

Cash balance on hand 19 45 

Total S671.13 

The cash is on deposit in the Montana National Bank 
payable to the Department of Montana, on the order of 
the A. Q.M.G. The Quartermaster's supplies and account 
books are in my private office on Broadway. 

I herewith hand you a detailed statement of all re- 
ceipts and expenditures with vouchers for all moneys paid, 
all of which were first approved by you. 

Thanking you for the continuance of \our confidence 
in me, and for your uniform courtesy and patience with my 
vagaries throughout a rather hard year in many respects, 
not only in the country at large but in the Posts and the 
Department. 

Yours Truly, and in F. C. & L. 

W. A. Haven, 

A. Q. M. G. 
Statement No. 1. 

Deparament of Montana, ) 
Grand Army of the Republic f 

Cash expenditures from May 11th, 1893, to April 25th, 1894. 
1893. Paid to No. Amount 

May 17. .J. P. StaflFord, Typewriting prior to May 1. 1 $ 5.00 

June 1.. .T. H. Clewell, postage stamps and env 2... . 6.00 

3. ..J. Taylor, Q, M. G-, Quartermaster's sup. . 3 34.35 

~ " ■ ' - II IQ 

62.68 

4.35 

25.00 

9.00 

12.50 

25.00 

25.00 

7.65 

36.00 

3.08 

10.00 

16.00 



" 12. ..T. H. Clewell, 500 stamped envelopes 4. . 

" 12. ..J O. Greg-g, expense prior to May 11, 1893.. 5. . 

•• 16 ..C. K. Wells Co., printing to May 11, 1893. . . 6. . 

" 19. ..W..A. Haven, services prior to May 11, 1893 7. . 

" 19. ..Inter Mountain Pub. Co., printing. May 11 8. . 

*' 20. ..F. Geo. Heldt, expense of A. A. G. office. . . 9 . 

" 23. .W. A. Haven, salary of A. Q. M. G ....10.. 

" 26... F. Geo. Heldt, salary of A. A. G 11.. 

" 29. ..John Taylor, Q. M. G. per capita tax 12. . 

" 29. .(". K. Wells Co., printing sundries 13. . 

" 29. ..W. A. Haven, expense of A. Q. M. G 14.. 

Aug. 8. ..S. E. Snider, expense of A. I. G 15. . 

,, 9. . .Leader Publishing Co 16. . 



— io8— 

Dec. 21. ..Louis Wagner, Q. M. G. quartermasters 

supplies 17 20.00 

...W. A. Haven, salary as A. Q. M. G 18 50.00 

" 22...H. T. Beven. expense as acting A. I. G. . . 19 4.00 

'• 23. ..F. Geo. Heldt, salary as A. A. G 20 50.00 

" 26. . .Leader Publishing Co., printing bill 21 27.00 

1894. 

Jan. 2. ..Louis Wagner, Q. M. G. quartermasttrs 

supplies 22 1.80 

" 2. ..Louis Wagner, per capita tax 23 .... 6.41 

2. .F. Geo. Heldt, expense of A. A. G 24 20.00 

*' 6. ..Louis Wagner Q. M. G. quartermasters 

supplies 25 21 

6... S. E. Snider, expense as A. I. G 26 12.50 

" 19. ..Williams Sons, printing envelopes 27 2.00 

" 23. ..Louis Wagner, Q. M. G. quartermasters 

supplies 28 7.55 

25... W. A. Haven, salary as A. Q. M. G 29 25.00 

Feb. 3. ..Louis Wagner, quartermaster's supplies. 30 1.50 

7. ..S. E. Snider, expense as A. I. G ... 31 25.00 

" 28. ..Torsch & Lee, encampment badges 32. ..." 37.50 

March 15.. F. Geo. Heldt, salary as A. A. G 33 25.00 

" 15. .Northern Express Co. express on badges. 34 75 

" 21. .W. A. Haven, expense as A. Q. M. G 35 14.00 

" 26. .Leader Publishing Co. printing general 

orders 36 3.25 

" 27.. F. Geo. Heldt, expense bill 37 50 

•' 30. .Williams & Sons, receipt books 38... . 5.50 

April 14. .Jessie Famelin. typewriting report 39 5.00 

May 14. W. A. Haven, expenses of A. 9. M. G's 

office 

" . .Freight on boxes and postage etc 40 . . . . 6.30 

April 23.. M. A. Wells, typewriting 41 1.50 

May 15.. F. Geo Heldt, A. A. G. expenses 42 670 

Total f651.68 

Statement No. 2. 

Department of Montana, ) 
Gr.and Army of the Republic ) 
Cash receipts from May 11th, 1893, to April 25th, 1894. 
1893. 

May 11.. Cash balance in hand S 17.26 

June 3. .Wadsworth Post, No 3 per capita tax 30.00 

" 5. . J. O. Gregg,. ...requisition 50 

" 6..S. E. Snider, " 50 

" 8. .Lincoln Post No. 2 " 6.50 

" 8. .James A. Shield per capita tax 14.50 

" 10..W^adsworth Post, No. 3 " 38.00 

" 10. . Sherdian Post, No. 18 " 15.50 

" 10. .John C. Fremont Post, No. 21...." 10.00 

" 10.. Nat Lyons Post, No. 23 "..... 16.50 

" 16.. Fred Winthrop Post, No. 11 " 10.50 

" 17.. Custer Post, No. 5 " 7.00 

'• 19..BurnsidePost, No22 " 11.00 

" 20. .Thomas Kane Post, No. 12 " 7.00 

" 21.. William English Post, No. 10...." 24.00 

" 22. .Lincoln Post, No. 2 " 28.50 

" 23. Custer (bal. for 1892) No 5 " 3.00 

" ..Frank P. Blair Post No 6 " 10,00 

'• 26.. George G. Meade Post No 16 " » 11.00 

" 27. .George G. Meade Post Requisition 2.00 

" 28..Farragut Post, No7 " 2.80 

"28.. " " per capita tax 21.50 

29.. U. S. Grant Post, No. 14 " 9.500 



— log — 

July 31.. G. K. Warren Post, No. 20 " 8.50 

"■ 31..J. B. McPherson Post, No. 13 " 10.50 

Aug-. 8. .Lincoln Post, No. 2 requisition 1.20 

Sept 28. .John A. Logan Post, N^. 15. .per capita tax 10.00 

Oct. 20..S. K. Fishel requisition 60 

Nov. 24..Wadsworth Post, No. 3 " 4.10 

" 27..Sherdian Post, No 18 " 03 

Dec. 11.. F. P. Sterling- " 1-20 

" 18..S. A. Swig-g-ett " 1-00 

" 16.. G. K. Warren Post, No. 20, per capita tax 9.50 

" 19.. Thomas L. Kane Post, No 12 " 6.50 

" 20.. William Eng-lish Post, No. 10 " 17.50 

" 22..Burnside Post, No. 22 " 11-00 

" 22. .T. H. Kleinschmidt requisition 1,00 

" 23..Sherdian Post, No 18 " 9.45 

" 23. .Farragut Post, No. 7 " 2.10 

•" 23.. " " No. 7 per capita tax 19.00 

" 23..Wadsworth Post, No. 3 ** 63.00 

" 25..Fred WinthropPost, No. 11 " 6.00 

" 26..Sherdian Post, No. 18 ' 15.00 

" 29.. Lincoln Post, No. 2 •' 21.00 

" 30. . Custer Post. No. 5 '• 6.00 

" 31.. Geo. G. Meade Post, No. 16 " 10.50 

1894. 

Jan. 1 .Nat Lvons Post, No. 23 '* 10.50 

" 2.. John C. Fremont Post, No. 21 " 9-00 

" 3.. Frank P. Blair Post, No. 6 " 10.00 

" 5.. James A. Shields Post, No. 19 14.50 

" 4. .S. E. Snider requisition 1.05 

" 11.. Nat Lvons Post, No. 23 charter 10.00 

" 11. .Burnside Post, No. 22 charter 10.00 

" 19. .Lincoln Post, No. 2 requisition 10.60 

" 25.. Nat Lvons Post, No. 23 " 4.50 

Feb. 9..R. E. Fisk " 1.05 

Mar. 1..E. F. Edwards " 1.05 

" 1.. Nat Lyons Post, No. 23 ,." 3.75 

" 3.. J. B. McPherson Post, No. 13.. per tapita tax 8.00 

" 9..D.L. Miles requisition 1.05 

..C.B.Miller " 1.05 

" 17 .Burnside Post, No. 22 " , 7.10 

" 24..Wadsvvorth Post, No. 3 " 3.80 

" 26.. Frank P.Blair Post, No. 6 " 0.80 

" 29.. John C. Fremont Post, No. 21 " 0.12 

" 30. .Sherdian Post, No. 18 " 1.15 

" 31. .U. S. Grant Post, No. 14 per capita tax 9.50 

April 3. .Georg-e G. Meade Post, No. 16 .requisition 5.00 

" 13. .John A. Log-an Post, No. 15. .per capita tax 10.00 

" 30. .Fred Winthrop Post, No. 11. . .requi i:ion 4.95 

May 10.. G. K. Warren Post, No. 20 " 1.05 



'1.13 



It was moved and carried that the report of the A A. 
G. be referred to the Council of Administration and the 
thanks of the Department are tendered to F. Geo. Heldt, 
the A. A. G. 

It was moved and carried that the report of the Asst. 
Q. M. General also be referred to the Council of Adminis- 
tration. 

Report of the Assistant Judge Advocate General, De- 
partment of Montana, was then read. 



— no 

OFFICE OF THE / 

ASSISTANT JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL f 

Helena, Montana, May i6, 1894. 

J. 0. Gregg, Department Commander G. A. R., Great 
Falls, Montana: 
Dear Sir and Comrade — I have the honor to submit 
herewith my report as Assistant Judge Advocate General of 
Montana. 

First — -I am most happy to state that during the past 
year, no charge has been preferred against any member of 
the G. A. R. in this Department. 

Second — That owing to the efificiency, sound judg- 
ment and wise discretion of our most worthy department 
commander but few and unimportant questions have been 
submitted to me for consideration; the only important 
question submitted to me for decision has been referred to 
in a general order from our department commander, and, 
hence I do not deem it necessary to refer to said question 
submitted and m}- decision thereon. Thanking our depart- 
ment commander J. O. Gregg for the honor conferred and 
all of his staff officers for their courtesy and good fellow- 
ship, and trusting that the G. A. R. may still aid in main- 
taining the honor, integrity and supremacy of the National 
Government. 

I remain, Yours Truly in F. C. &. L., 
F. P. Sterling, Asst. Judge Advocate General. 

Report of the Department Chaplain. 

Butte City, Montana, May 15, 1894. 

To J. 0. Gregg, DepaHinent Commander, MoTitana, G. 
t-4. B,. 

Comrade and Dear Sir: — I have the honor to submit 
the following report: 

I wish first of all to express my appreciation of the 
honor conferred in my election to the chaplaincy for two 
successive years, and realize the responsibility of the office. 
This honor and responsibility I have assumed with the 
greater pleasure because granted by unamimous consent. 

While it must be conceded that a possible low esti- 
mate of the chaplaincy, in all its bearings, does exist 
among veterans, owing, perhaps, to its supposed inefficien- 
cy in the service, yet I believe sir, that the rank and file of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, now treading as a mass 
on the portals of eternity have in a good degree a reliza- 
tion of the need and potency of divine aid, and a whole- 
some reverence for the laws of God as well as those of our 
beloved coimtry, and therefore in the true and hearty con- 
ceptions of the order, the office of chaplain is second to 
none. 

In the direct line of the sacred work of the several 
posts of the department I have the satisfaction to report 



-III- 



the general observance of Memorial Day, with more than 
usual interest and with due solemnity and decorum, which 
it would be well to perpetuate. Allow me, sir, to say that 
it is well that in the term used in civil law in giving title to 
the day, viz: A National Holiday is hardly appreciated 
by a grateful people, and Memorial Day is hailed as its 
true and proper title, carrying with it, all that such name 
implies. 

In these late years of our pilgrimage we approach our 
last bivouac, and through the vista of the near future 
catch glimpses of the final and eternal camping ground be- 
yond. In view of this we surely must realize the inexor- 
able law of our being, and that it behooves ail to cast their 
eyes lo the hills whence Cometh all our strength, as not 
only the God of battles, but equally and in an infinitely 
sublimer sense, the Author of eternal life and joy when 
the grand and enduring furlough shall b^^ afforded to us, as 
it has been to so many of our comrades who have passed 
on before by order of the Grand Commander above. 
Respectfully submitted in F. C. & L. 
G. W. Jenkins, Department Chaplain. 

It was moved and supported that the two reports just 
read be accepted b}' this encampment and placed on file, 
and the thanks of the department be extended to Comrades 
F. P. Sterling and G. W. Jenkins for their services dur- 
ing the past year. Carried unanamously. 

REPORT OF MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Helena, Montana,- May i6, 1894. 

Gen. J. 0. Gregg, Department Connnander and Com- 
rades. 
I have the honor to state that the medical director of 

the department has no report to make for the reason that 
he has no data from the surgeons of the various Posts on 
which to base the same, and there are no regulations defin- 
ing his duties. Therefore call attention to blanks for ap- 
plication for membership which wOuld seem to require ex- 
amining committees to have a report of Post Surgeon on 
the physical condition of the applicant, giving the number 
and location of wounds and condition of health or disease 
dependent upon service. If this was properly done and a 
copy forwarded to the medical director, not only would 
valuable statistics be coUecte i which might be avail- 
able in pension cases, etc., but be important in the way of 
vital statistics of the organization. A record of deaths 
should also be kept which would often enable the Ass't 
Adjutant General \o answer questions as to when and 
where Comrades have died. I therefore recommend that 
regulations more specifically defining duties of these 
officers that the position of medical director shall not be a 
mere figurehead. Respectfully submitted, 

C. B. Miller, M. D., Medical Director 



— 112 — 

The Medical director in lieu of a report submitted 
some recommendations which weie referred to a special 
committee as follows. Comrades T. H. Kleinschmidt^ 
Wadsworth Post, No. 3; L. E. Holmes, Lincoln Post, No 
2 and R. M. Lightfoot, Wm. English Post, No. 10. 

Report of the representatives to the last National En- 
campment at Indianapolis, Ind. 

REPORT. 

Helena, Montana, May 16, 1894. 

Commander and Comrades: 

Your representatives report that they counted two at 
the twenty-seventh National encampment, Sept., 1893, at 
Indianapolis, Ind. They were there for the week, had a 
place to sleep, enough to eat, and there was plenty of 
drink had the delegation been built that way. 

Headquarters were at the state house, in the heart of 
the city. The large room set apart for Montana was 
tastefully dressed with bunting and flags. There were 
many and pleasant calls and hospitable welcome met all 
comrades who came. A book for that purpose registered 
all comrades who visited the room. 

The Montana souvenir badge^sought by many — was 
distributed to the limit of supply, one or more falling into 
the hands of most of the departments. 

Your representatives answered to roll call at the busi- 
ness sessions, omitting none, and to the best of their abil- 
ity, discharged the duties devolving upon them. By vote 
or voice, or both, they took part in matters and measures 
before the encampment from beginning to close. 

Your delegates were safely guarded at all hours by the 
company of a pious comrade — Chaplain Snider — and his 
certificate of exemplary conduct will be furnished if re- 
quired. He will say that lemonade was the strongest 
tipple and that no one stayed out late at night. 

One of your representatives has the pleasure to report 
that his colleague in the encampment was the author of 
an eloquent speech to the delivery of which was due the 
election as National Chaplain of the soldier portion of 
Iowa. He was landed an easy winner by the superior or- 
atory of the comrade of Geo. G. Meade Post. 

Your delegates marched in the grand parade in which 
40,000 comrades took part. The Montana colors were 
borne over the entire line of six miles to the end of the 
march, and no banner met with more or lustier plaudits 
than yours. 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. & E. 

R. E. FiSK, 

T. C. Davidson, 



—"3— 

It was moved and seconded that the report be re- 
ceived and ordered placed on file, and the thanks of 
the Department be extended to the several representatives. 

Adopted by a rising vote. 

Report of the committee on the Medical Director's 
leport. We, your committee to whom was referred the 
report of the Medical Director, beg leave to, and recom- 
mend, that the Assistant Quarter Master General be 
directed to furnish each Post duplicate blanks, embracing 
the questions found on the application blanks, requiring 
statistical information as to service, wounds, etc. 

That the Post Surgeons be required to furnish semi- 
annually a report to the Medical Director, on such blanks 
furnished, a copy of the report of each applicant elected 
and mustered for the use of the Departmeiu Also recom- 
mend that the Post Chaplain furnish and make semi 
annual report to the Medical Director a full list of deaths 
of comrades, members of the post, and that suitable blanks 
be furnished by the Assistant Quarter Master General for 
that purpose. 

T. H. Kleinschmidt, 
• L. E. Holmes, 
R. M. Whitefoot, 

Committee. 

The committee to whom was referred the Department 
Commander's report, reported as follows: That certain 
parts of the report be referred to a special committee; the 
subjects of a soldiers' home; permanent location of Assist- 
ant Quarter Master General's office; department badges, 
uniforms, etc. The special committee is as follows: 

Comrades T. M. Pierce, William English Post No. lo; 
R. C. Wallace, Wadsworth Post No. 3; A. S. Kellogg, 
McPherson Post No. 13. 

The following resolutions from the Legislature of 
Kentucky, and city of Louisville, asking that the next an- 
nual encampment of the Cirand Army of the Republic be 
held in that city, were read. 

Whereas, The Grand Army . of the Republic has 
heretofore met exclusively in what is called "the North," 
but whereas we recognize no sections in our country of to- 
day, no north and no south, believing that the bitterness 
of the past has died awa}', and that a warm reception to 
the Grand Army where "the sun shines bright on our old 
Kentucky home," here in what was once the border land 
between contending sections, but is now the middle land 
of America, will drive away forever the fading shadows of 
the great fraternal strife; now, be it 



— 114 — 

Resolved, By the House of Representatives of the 
General Assembly of Kentucky, That in the name and on 
behalf of our state, a cordial invitation be, and is hereby 
extended to the Grand Army of the Republic to p'tch its 
camp in 1895 on Kentucky soil, beside the noble river 
which in darkest days watered alike the Northland and the 
Southland, and now bears upon its bosom the mingled 
traffic of a united people. 

Attest: J AS. E. Stone, Clerk House Reps. 
A. J. Carroll, Speaker House Reps. 

February 15th, 1894. 

IVhereas, The city of Louisville, through its mayor 
and general council, its commercial club and its Grand 
Army Posts, has extended to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and especially to this Department, a sincere and ur- 
gent invitation to hold the Annual Encampment of the or- 
ganization for 1895 within her hospitable gates, and 

IVhereas, It is the sense of this Department that this 
generous invitation should be accepted in the same cordial 
spirit in which it is made; now, therefore be it 

Resolved, That the delegates from this Department 
be, and they hereby are instructed to vote as a unit at the 
Annual Encampment of 1894, ^* Pittsburg, in favor of the 
City of Louisville as the place for holding the Annual 
Encampment for 1895. 

IVhereas, The Grand Army of the Republic has never 
met south of the Ohio river, and such a meeting would lead 
to a better understanding and a higher appreciation be- 
tween the people of the various sections of our united 
country, each of the other, and so conduce to that mutual 
respect and unity of sentiment and interest that should 
characterize the citizens of a great and lasting Republic; 
and 

Whereas, The city of Louisville, by reason of its cen- 
tral location and accessibility from all quarters of the coun- 
try, its nearness to many notable battlefields, its pleasant 
climate, its ability to comfortably accommodate large 
gatherings, and its situation, on the loyal borderland be- 
tween the two great contending sections of the country in 
the late civil war — being a focus toward which the senti- 
ment of North and South alike is drawn, and from which 
the spirit of good feeling established by such a meeting as 
that mentioned would most quickly permeate every section 
of the country — is conspicuously the most desirable of 
American cities for an Encampment of the Grand Army; 
and. 

Whereas, The good people of Louisville are desirous 
of an opportunity to receive within their city's gates their fel- 
low-citizens of the Grand Army, and by proper entertain- 



— ^15 — 

rnent to express the sentiments of respect and appreciation 
which animate our people; now, therefore be it 

Resolved, By the General Council of the City of 
Louisville, That a sincere and urgent invitation be, and 
the same is hereby cordially extended on the part of the 
city of Louisville and her people to the Grand Army of the 
Republic to hold in this city the Annual Encampment of 
the organization for the year 1895, and that with this invi- 
tation there bt also extended the assurances of our people 
that in the event of its acceptance the reception accorded 
the Grand Army while the guests of Louisville will be equal 
to the most cordial reception ever accorded the organiza- 
tion, and such as shall increase, rather than detract from, 
such reputation as is now enjoyed by Kentucky and Ken- 
tuckians for generous hospitality. 

I. R. McCleerv, C. B. C. 
L. T. Davidson, P. B. C. 
Geo. E. Rawson, C. B. A. 
Charles F. Granger, P. B. A. 
Approved February 5th, 1894. 

Henry S. Tvler, Mayor. 

It was moved and seconded that the resolutions just 
read be referred to a special committee of three. Carried. 

Committee — R. E. Fisk, Wadsworth Post No. 3; P. 
R. Dolman, Lincoln Post No. 2; F. P. Sterling, Wads- 
worth Post No. 3. 

It was moved and carried that this Encampment re- 
commend that the Department Commander establish the 
office of Assistant Q. M. G. in some permanent pl-ice. 

The Department Commander's recommendation in 
reference to the Department badge, was then considered, 
and the change as suggested by the Department Com- 
mander was adopted. 

The resolution in reference to a uniform was referred 
to a committee as follows: Comrades Pierce, Wallace and 
Kellogg. 

The report of the committee in reference to the recom- 
mendations of the Medical Director was adopted. 

The committee in regard to communication from legis- 
lature of Kentucky and c;ty of Louisville then reported 
the following resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted. 

Resolved, That the delegates to the Twenty-Eighth 
National Encampment from this Department, in accord- 
ance with the cordial invitation extended, are hereby in- 
structed to use all honorable means to secure for Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, the National Encampment for 1895; and 
be it further 



— ii6 — 

Resolved, That said delegates make every effort in their 
power to secure for Comrade J. O. Gregg, the present cap- 
able Commander of the Department of Montana, the posi- 
tion of Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief at the 
National Encampment which meets in Pittsburg in Sep- 
tember, next. 

R. E. FiSK, 
Frank P. Sterling, 
. P. R. Dolman, 

Conwiittee. 
The resolutions were adopted. 

Moved and carried that the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral be authorized to answer telegrams from legislature of 
Kentucky'. 

The Commander appointed Comrades Fisk, Dolman 
and Sterling to draft suitable resolutions in regard to gift 
of gavel from state of Kentucky. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Department be 
and are hereby tendered to the citizens of Louisville, Ky. , 
for the gavel presented to this Department, and that the 
A. A. G. be requested to transmit a copy of this resolution 
to the Commercial Club of that city. 

Moved and supported that the resolution be received 
and adopted. Motion carried. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 9 o'clock, 
Thursday morning. 

Thursday morning, g a. m. 

Encampment called to order by Department Com- 
mander Gregg. 

Comrade Kleinschmidt was appointed to ascertain 
how many are in attendance from the various orders upon 
the Encampment. 

The report of the committee to whom was referred the 
report of the A. A. G. was adopted and heartily concurred 
in. 

The committee appointed to consider the recommen- 
dation of the Department Commander in reference to the 
Soldiers' Home, census, etc., beg leave to report as follows: 

Department Commander and Comrades — Your com- 
mittee to whom was referred that portion of the Command- 
er's address relative to State Soldiers' Home, and soldier 
census, beg leave to submit the following: 

Your committee heartily concur in the recommenda- 
tion of the Department Commander, and recommend. 

First: That a committee of three on legislation be 
appointed by the Department Commander. 

Second: That such committee draft bills upon these 
subjects in accordance with the recommendations of the 



Department Compiander, have them introduced in the leg- 
islature, and, if possible, secure their passage. 

Third: That such committee consist of such members 
of this Department as can and will attend the n^xt session 
of our legislature for such purpose. Respectfully sub- 
mitted, T. M. Pierce, 

A. S. Kellogg, 
R. C. Wall.\ce, 

{Committee. 
The report of the committee was adopted. 

The following resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That the sincere and heartfelt thanks of 
this Department Encampment are hereby tendered to the 
Woman's Relief Corps, the Ladies' Aid Societx and the 
Sons of Veterans, for the very excellent entertainment and 
hospitality extended to this Encampment, and to its 
friends at the auditorium in Helena, on Wednesday even- 
ing, May 1 6th. 

Resolved, That the. A. A. G. be, and is hereby in- 
structed, to furnish copies of this resolution to each of the 
above organizations. 



■ o' 



The following resolution was read b}' Comrade Mills 
and adopted unanimously. 

. Resolved, Th?t the A. A. G. be instructed to make a 
transcript of so much of the report of the Dept. Com. and 
the proceedings of this Encampment as relates to the esr 
tablishment of a Soldiers' Home in Montana, and transmit 
the same to the governor of this state with the respect- 
ful request that he will incorporate a recommendation 
thereof 'n his message to the next session of the legisla- 
tive assembly. 

F. P. Sterling, as attorney in fact for the Department 
of Montana, G- A. R. , made a verbal report as to the con- 
dition of the affairs of Comrade H. C. Yaeger, late Assist- 
ant Q. M. General of Montana, and found that upon exam- 
ination of hie books that the amount found to be due from 
him to this Department amounts to $1,218.00, as near as 
can be ascertained. 

Upon motion of Comrade 0'Leary,duly seconded, the 
report was received and Comrade Sterling continued as at- 
torney-in-fact for this Department. 

The report of the Senior Vice Commander was then 
read and placed on file with the A. A. G. 



— ii8— 

Headquarters Department; of Montana, ) 
Grand Army of the Republic. ) 

Office of the Senior Vice Commander. 

y^. O. Gregg, Departtnent Commander, and Comrades of the 
Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

In obedience to custom, I have the honor to make the 
following report: 

Being a subordinate officer of the Department, and 
not being required to perform any specific duty, but simply 
second in command, at all times be ready to assume com- 
mand in case of the death or absence of the Department 
Commander. That, comrades, I have held myself' in read- 
iness to do at a moment's notice. To my great gratifica- 
tion, our Department Commander has been blessed with 
good health and a willing mind to perform his full duty, 
and he has done it. 

Having no duty to perform except such as ordered by 
the Department Commander, I may add, have been obeyed 
by me to the letter, and executed to the best of my ability, 
as all good soldiers should do. 

In this connection I desire to thank the Department 
Commander, the Assistant Adjutant General, and the As- 
sistant Quartermaster General, for their kindness in 
promptly forwarding to me all orders for the proper dis- 
charge of m)' office, thereby not treating the office of 
Senior Vice Department Commander as a mere figurehead. 
I further desire to thank the other staff officers for their 
promptness in the discharge of their respective offices. And 
to all members of this Encampment, and the comrades of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Montana, 
please accept my sincere regards for your good will and 
fellowship during the past jear. 

I visited Meade Post, at Anaconda, and found them 
in most excellent condition, each comrade being in touch 
with his comrade. Twice during the year I visited the 
town of Dillon and tried to work the comrades of Stead- 
man Post up to the advantage of being in good working 
order. Many of them live at a considerable distance from 
their Post, which, entails considerable hardship to attend 
Post meetings. This will prove a live Post with the re- 
turn of prosperit}' to the country'. I may add that the 
death of one of the most active workers of Steadman was a 
severe blow to them. 

So far as in my power I have assisted every comrade 
with advice and counsel, as well as encouragement. As to 
pensions, all that I could do for my comrades has been 
done. Several widows of deceased comrades have asked 
my assistance in their pensions. Two cases have bee 



—"9— 

successful. To the Encampment I tender my sincere 
thanks. Very respectfully yours, in F. C. and L., 

P. R. Dolman, S. V. D. C. 

To the Department Commander : 

Your committee to whom was referred the matter of 
uniforms for the Department of Montana, respectfully re- 
port: 

That we recommend the adoption of a uniform for the^ 
Department as follows: 

For Department and Post Officers — A sack coat, navy 
blue, double brested, ten buttons in front, three on each 
sleeve, pocket inside, box collar. 

For comrades generally — Single-breasted sack coat, 
navy blue, five buttons in front, three on each sleeve, 
pocket inside, box collar. 

Pants of same goods, navy blue, three pockets a.nd 
watch tob, gold cord for officers, plain for the comrades. 
Vest regulation G. A. R. cut, to be optional with com- 
rades. 

Hat- Regulation G. A. R. hat, with cord and initial 
wreath. 

Belts — White web, with G. A. R. clasp and buckle. 

Your committee further takes the liberty of recom- 
mending, should a Department uniform be determined 
upon, that the A. Q. M. G. be instructed to submit copies 
of description of the same as adopted to two or more reliable 
manufacturers of G. A. R. clothing in the United States, 
obtain from them schedules of the lowest prices at which 
they will agree to make and furnish the entire suit, and 
each several piece thereof, to measure, and also samples of 
the cloth to be used therein; and when such prices have 
been so obtained the same shall be promulgated to th° 
several posts as a department circular, with such other 
information as to cost of expressage or postage as the 
A. Q. M. General shall be able to obtain, and accompan- 
ied by sample of the cloth proposed to be used. 
All of which is respectfully submitted, 

O'Leary, Holmes, Whitefoot, ) ^ 

,,, TD TkT h Committee. 

Whitney, Reynolds, Mills, \ 

The report of the committee was adopted. 

Tenth 
Department Encampment 
G. A. R. 

Helena, Montana, May i6th, 1894. 

To the Department Commander and Encampment : 

Your committee to whom was referred the report of 
the Department Commander, respectfully report: 

That we higly appreciate and Fheartily approve the 
generous action of the Department Commander in ad- 



— 1 70 — 

vancing the per capita dues of tardy or financially dis- 
tressed Posts, thereby keeping our remote Department in 
the first place of all the Department Encampments in mak- 
ing its semi-annual reports to National Headquarters. 

That we heartily approve the sound business action 
of the Department Commander and his staff in discharg- 
ing all obligations of the Department, meeting current ex- 
penses, and still confining the expenditures of the Depart- 
ment the past year to the actual receipts thereof; that we 
appreciate highly the superior efficiency of the said officers 
during their term, and endorse to the fullest extent the 
Commander's commendation of the services of the A. A. 
G., the A. Q. M. G., the Inspector General, the A. J. A. 
G. and Chaplain of the Department. 

That all good words and commendation by the Com- 
mander relating to the Woman's Relief Corps and kindred 
organizations, and his views in regard to the pensions and 
the benefits derived from frequent campfires meet with 
our hearty approval. 

That as relates to certain resolutions contemplating 
the censure of late officers of this Department, referred by 
the Ninth to this Encampment, we recommend the broad 
mantle of soldierly charity be extended over all; that we 
let the dead past bury its dead, and that further consider- 
ation of the resolutions referred to be indefinitely post- 
poned. 

That it is highly gratifying to every right-minded com- 
rade of the Grand Army to learn from the Commander's 
report that Memorial Day is now being observed with that 
more sacred solemnity its character demands, and that the 
sports and frivolities so frequent on that day in preceding 
years are falling into disrepute and avoidance. In this 
connection we recommend that the several Posts in this 
Department cordially and specially invite the public 
schools in their respective localities to participate with 
them as. organized bodies in observances of Memorial Day. 

That in regard to the Sons of Veterans' organization, 
we cordially approve the spirit of the Commander's fra- 
ternal affection for those who are our legitimate, heirs as 
soldiers of the Union, and while we do not recommend for 
the present, at least, a consolidation of the two organiza- 
tions, we do commend the Sons of Veterans' Association to 
the warmest and most cordial support of the G. A. R., and 
that our representatives to the National Encampment be 
and are hereby instructed to labor zealously in accom- 
plishing a closer union between the two organizations. 

That we recommend so much of the report as refers to 
the establishment of a Soldiers' Home, the appointment 
of a committee, the taking of a census of Union soldiers in 



121 

Montana in 1895, etc., be referred to a special committee 
to be selected by the Department Commander. 

That so much of the report as relates to the perma- 
nent location of the A. Q. M. General's office, that portion 
relating to the Department badge, and that portion relat- 
ing to the Department uniform, be referred to the Encamp- 
ment for its action. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

T. O'Leary, 
L. E. Holmes, 
L. Whitney, 
R. M. Whitefoot, 
James H. Mills, 
' Committee. 

AMENDMENT. 

Moved by Comrade Holmes, seconded by Comrade 

Sanders, that the sense of the Department Encampment is 

that Past Department Commander John L. Sloan of Mis- 

;soula, and Past Assistant Adjutant General J. J. York of 

Butte, be censured for dereliction of duty. 

It was moved and supported that the report of the 
^committee as amended be received and adopted. Motion 
carried. 

An invitation was extended the Encampment by the 
Helena Fire Department and military to witness display at 
Sixth avenue and Main street at 3 o'clock. 

Invitation accepted by a full vote of the Encampment. 

Moved and supported that the representation to next 
Encampment be the same as at this Encampment. Motion 
carried. 

Moved and supported that the per capita tax be fixed 
as at present. Motion carried. 

HEADQUARTERS 
DIVISION ENCAMPMENT OF MONTANA, 
S. v., U. S. A. 

Helena, Montana, May i6th, 1894. 

To the Grand Army of the Republic, in Encampment As- 
sembled: 

The Montana Division of the Sons of Veterans, U. S. 
A., in encampment assembled, acknowledges with pleas- 
ure, the receipt of your greetings this day received. 

It is exceedingly gratifying to the Sons of Veterans, 
that the G. A. R. manifests so much interest, and exhibits 
such a friendly feeling toward our order, as is evidenced 
by such greeting. 

As is well known to the members of the G. A. R., one 
of the principal objects of the S. O. V. organization, is to 
emulate the old soldiers in their devotion to country, and 



122 — 

to in every way in its power aid and assist you in perpet- 
uating the free institutions for which you so nobly fought, 
and to preserve to ourselves and to future generations the 
free and independent government, which your efforts and 
sacrifices have made our heritage, and we take this op- 
portunity of affirming to you our earnest and sincere devo- 
tion to this principle. 

We appreciate that the time will come when the G. A. 
R. will be something of the past, . and we will be called 
upon to take hold where you leave off, but we earnestly 
hope that this day is far distant, and that there yet remains 
many years in which you may assemble, as on this occasion, 
to enjoy the pleasures of your organization. 

It shall ever be our aim to so conduct ourselves, in our 
devotion to country, in our relations with the G. A. R. , 
and as citizens of this great country, not only to command 
and preserve the friendship and respect of the members of 
your organization, but also that of every patriotic Ameri- 
can citizen. 

W. S. VOTAW, 

G. O. Freeman, Division Commander. 

Division Adjutant. 

Moved and supported that the communication be re- 
ceived and placed on file with the A. A. G. Motion car- 
ried. 

It was moved and supported that the sum of one hun- 
dred ($100.00) dollars be appropriated for the services of 
Asst. Adjt. General for the year. Also the same amount 
be appropriated for the services of^he Asst. Q. M. Gener- 
al for the 3'ear. Motion carried. 

It was moved and supported that the sum of one hun- 
dred and twenty-five ($125.00) be appropriated to pay for 
printing the proceedings of this and other Encampment 
proceedings not already printed. Motion carried. 

Recess taken until 1:30 p. m. During recess the En- 
campment was visited by a delegation from the Woman's 
Relief Corps. 

AFTFRNOON SESSION. 

Helena, Mont., May 17, 1894. 
To the Members of the G. A. R. 

You are very cordially invited to attend a little side 
entertainment to be given by the Sons of Vetrans this 
evening at Ideal Hall. Good music and plenty of danc- 
ing 

Yours Fraternally, 

W. S. VoTAW, Div. Com. 

Invitation received and as many of the comrades as 
could attend expressed their desire to do so. 



—123— 

Helena, Mont., May 17, 1894. 
Commander and Comrades of the G. A. R. 

We come with greetings from the W. R. C. of Mon- 
tana with our motto still on high, "Fraternity, Charity and 
Loyalty," the foundation on which the Grand Army now 
stands, happy to meet you again in '94., with the ranks 
almost solid; kind wishes for the future and hoping for 
Aour co-operation. 

Yours in F. C. & L. 

Ruth A. Burton, 
Delia Moore, 
The commuication recived and placed on file. 

headquarters \ 

department of mont.\na, > 
woman's relief corps. ) 
Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Kepublic 

Helena, Mont., May 16, 1894. 

Department Commander J. O. Gregg and Comrades of the 
loth Annual Encafnpment of the Department of Mvniana, 
Grand Army of the Republic: 

I have the honor to transmit to you a report of the 
relief work of the Woman's Relief Corps of Montana for 
the year en-ding March 31, 1894, as per consolidated 
reports. 

Number of soldiers and families assisted -. 35 

Number of members and families assisted 2 

Amount expended in cash .. $ 143 20 

Amount expended other than money 194 50 

Amount remaining- in g-eneral fund. .. . 219 00 

Amount remaining in relief fund ... 133 13 

Turned over to posts 46 00 

At the close of March 31, 1894, ^"^ membership was 153. 
Since that date we have gained a charter membership of 18, 
making a total of 171 in good standing. 

I. KiRKENDALL, 

Dep. President, W. R. C. 

It was moved and supported that the report of the 
Woman's Relief Corps be received and placed on file, and 
the Asst. Adjt. General be instructed to acknowledge the 
receipt of the same. Motion carried. 

Next in order was the election of Department officers. 

Comrade P. R. Dolman was nominated for the posit- 
ion of Department Commander. There being no further 
nominations it was moved and supported that the Asst. 
Adjt. General cast the ballot for this encampment for Com- 
rade P. R. Dolman for Department Commander. Carried. 

Comrade R. E. Fisk was unanimously elected to the 
office of Senior Vice Department Commander. 

Comrade F. Geo. Heldt was elected to the office of 
Junior Vice Department Commander. 



—^^4— 

Comrade R. M. Whitefoot was elected to the office of 
Department Medical Director. 

Comrade Geo. \V. Jenkins was elected to the office 
of Department Chaplain. 

The following comrades were elected Council of Ad- 
ministration. 

Comrade J. B. Sc<.)tt^ Lincoln Post No. 2., Butte. 
Comrade T. O'Leary, George G. Meade Post No. 16. 

Anaconda. 
Comrade H. S. Howell, Frank P. Blair Post No. 6. 

Virginia City. 
Comrade B. F. Osbom, Wm. English Post No. 10, 

Bozeman. 
Comrade Geo. Ten Eyck, J. B. McPherson Post No. 

13, Boulder. 

Comrade Geo. TenEyck was elected delegate at large 
to the 28th National Encampment. 

Comrade R. C. Wallace was elected delegate to the 
28th National Encampment. 

Comrades R. M. Whitefoot and C. S. Shoemaker 
were elected alternates to the 28th National Encampment. 

Communication from the Sons of Veterans was re- 
ceived and read. 

Sons of Veterans Hall, 2 :io p. m. 

Comrade Gregg — Will you kindly let us know at 
once by messenger sent with this, if there will be a parade 
or that it is the desire of the G. A. R. that the Sons join 
with them, if there is no parade, in marching to the place 
where the fire department makes display. 

Youre, etc., 

W. S. VOTAW. 

The invitation from Lincoln Post No. 2, G. A. R. , 
Butte, Montana, asking that the Eleventh Department 
Encampment be held in that city, was accepted. 

Moved and supported that the Department Com- 
mander-elect call the attention of the several Posts in the 
state to persons wearing the G. k. R. button not entitled 
to wear them, and have the law enforced in regard to the 
section of General Laws bearing on this question. Carried. 

Moved and supported that the Department Com- 
mander-elect be given further time to appoint committees. 
Carried. 

Comrade Sanders was appointed Mustering Officer to 
install the officers elect. 

The following officers were then duly installed: 

Peter R. Dolman, Department Commander. 
Robert E. Fisk, S. V. Department Commander. 
F. Geo. Heldt, J. V. Department Commander. 
George W. Jenkins, Department Chaplain. 



—125 — 

The Department Ccmmander made the following ap- 
pointments, who were also duly installed: 
Perry H. Manchester, A. A. G. 
Wm. A. Haven, A. Q. M. G. 
T. C. Davidson, Department Inspector. 
Frank P. Sterling, A. J. A. G. 
J. H. Nixon, Chief Mustering Officer. 

Resolved, That the delegates to the Nat onal En- 
campment be, and are hereby instructed, to endeavor to 
procure in the next National Encampment the adoption of 
a ritual for the installation ceremony of Department of- 
ficers, and in their failure to secure the same, that the De- 
partment Commander be authorized and requested, im- 
mediately after being informed of such failure, to appoint 
a committee to formulate such installation ritual which, 
when approved by the Department Commander, shall be 
adopted and used at public and private installations in the 
Department. 

The Department Commander appointed the following 
committee on legislation: Comrades T. O'Leary, F. P. 
Sterling, H. S. Howell, J. H. Mills and C. B. Miller. 

The Department Commander appointed the follow- 
ing committee on publishing proceedings: Comrades P. 
H. Manchester, F. Geo. Heldt and Ed. S. Walker. 

A resolution of thanks to the retiring officers was 
unanimously adopted. 

Moved and supported that this Encampment tender 
its hearty thanks to Wadsworth Post No. 3 for the cordial 
manner in which they entertained the Department En- 
campment. Carried unanimously. 

No further business coming before the Encampment, 
the Tenth Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, 
closed in usual form in F. C. and L. 




DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



Grand Army of the Republic 








PROCEEDINGS OF THE SESSIONS 



OF THE 



Eleveoth Aonual Encampinent, Held at Butte, Montana 



APRIL 9 AND 10, 1895 



1895 
STATE PUBLISHING COMPANY 

■ TATI PRINTBRS AND BINDBRS 
HVLINik. MONTANA 



"./ 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



Grand Army of the Rep^lic 




PROCEEDINGS OE THE SESSIONS 



OF THE 



Eleventh Annual Encampment, Held at Bntte, Montana, 



APRIL 9 AND 10, 1895 



1895 

STATE PUBLISHING COMPANY 

STATE PRINTERS AND BINOERS 
HPLBNA, MONTANA 



aCDX-JF=?I^/^I_ 



OF THE 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



OF THE 



GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC 

DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



Headquabtbhs Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 

Butte, Montana, April lOtli, 1895. 

Pursuant to General Orders No. 7, the Annual Encampment, Depart- 
Iment of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, met at the hall of Lin- 
jcoln Post No. 2, at 10 o'clock A. M. April 9th, 1895. In the absence of 
jthe Department Commafider the Encampment was called to order by 
[Senior Vice-Commander, Robert E. Fisk. 

General Orders No. 7 and 8, calling the Encampment were read; 
lowing to delay in the arrival of the representatives from several Posts, 
[the Encampment took a recess until one o'clock after appointing the 
[following committees, viz: 



COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

W. H. Safford, of Sheridan Post No. 18. 
Levi E. Holmes, of Lincoln Post No. 2. 
George W. Shaw, of Wadsworth Post No. 3. 
Eber Golder, of George G. Meade Post No. 16. 



COMMITTEE ON ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

Timothy O'leary, of George G. Meade Post No. 16. 
W. J. Plume, of Nat. Lyons Post No. 23. 
Frederick Hopp, of Steedman Post No. 8. 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 



The Encampment was opened in due form by the Senior Vice-Com- 
mander at one o'clock. The report of the Committee on Order of Busi- 
ness was then read as follows: 

Your Committee on Order of Business for the 11th Annual Encamp- 
ment, Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, respect- 
fully report and recommend the following to be the Order of Business 
for the Encampment: 

1. Opening of Department Encampment in due form. 
.2. Calling Roll of Officers. 

3. Report of Committee on Credentials. 

4. Calling Roll of Members. 

5. Report of Officers, beginning with that of Department Com- 

mander. 

6. Api)ointment of proper number of Committees of three each. 

to whom shall be referred the reports of Officers. 

7. Reception and reference of Communications from Posts, to 

be called according to Seniority. 

8. Reception and reference of Communications from Individuals 

9. Reports of Committees. 

10. Unfinished Business. 

11. New Business. 

12. Election and Installation of Officers. 

13. Closing Exercises. 

This Order of Business may be suspended at any time for a definite 
purpose by a two-thirds vote of the members present at the Encampment: 
the vote to be taken, on motion for such purpose, without debate. 

For the purpase of expediting the business of future Encampments, 
it is recommended that a Committee on Credentials, consisting of three 
members, (of which the Assistant Adjutant General shall be Chairman) 
be appointed by the Department Commander in advance of the time of 
the meeting of the Encampment, to the end that such Committee may 
be ready to present its report of membership when that particular order 
of business is reached as recommended. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L. 

T. O'LEARY, 
D. L. PLUMK 



The report of the Committee on Credentials, after having been 
amended by substituting names at the request of the representatives 
from several Posts, was then adopted, and on roll call those members 
marked with a star (*) answered to their names: 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



Department Officers. 



Commander, . . . 

Seuior Vice-Commander, 
Junior Vice-Commander, 
Chaplain, - - . . 

Medical Director, 
Assistant Adjutant General, 
Assistant Quartermaster General, 
Judge Advocate, - - , - 

Inspector, - - - - 

Chief Mustering Officer, 



Peter R. Dolman. 
Robert E. Fisk.* 
F. George Heldt.* 
George W. Jenkins.* 
R. M. Whitefoot.* 
Perry H. Manchester.* 
William A. Haven.* 
Frank P. Sterling. 
T. C. Davidson.* 
J. H. Nixon.* 



Council of Administration. 

J, B. Scott, Lincoln Post No. 2.* 

T. O'Leary, George G. Meade Post No. 16.* 

H. S. Howell, Frank Blair Post No. 6.* 

B. F. OsBORN, William English Post No. 10.* 

George Teneyck, J. B. McPherson Post No. 13. 



Roll Call of Encampment. 



Past Department Commanders. 

Thomas P. Fuller, Helena. 
Charles S. Warren, Butte.* 
Ela C. Waters, Eau Claire. Wis. 
Junius G. Sanders, Helena. 
James E. Calloway, Virginia City. 
Ed. F. Ferris, Bozeman.* 
Harry C. Kessler, Butte.* 
John L. Sloane, Missoula. 
Joseph O. Gregg, Great Falls.* 



LINCOLN POST No. 2, Butte. 

W. P. RODEBANK, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 



JAMES D. JENKS,* 
CHARLES S. WARREN,* 
HARRY C. KESSLER,* 
C. S. SHOEMAKER,* 
PETER R. DOLMAN, 

Representatives. 
S. H. ALMON,* 
B. N. BEEBE,* 



LEVI E. HOLMES,* 
JOHN RAILEY,* 
J. H. JACKSON,* 
JAMES E. DOWD,* 
JOHN B. SCOTT.* 

Alternates. 
J. B. GLOVER, 
THOMAS RAFFERTY. 



6 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

WADSWORTH POST No. 3, Helena. 
ALMAR P. WEBSTER, Commander.* 

Past Commanders. 

THOMAS P. FULLER, ED. S. WALKER,* 

ROBERT C. WALLACE,* FRANK P. STERLING, 

JUNIUS G. SANDERS, RICHARD A. CRAIG, 

GEORGE W. SHAW,* H. F. C. KLEINSCHMIDT,* 

ROBERT E. FISK,* CHARLES F. GAGE,* 

T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT.* Also 
JAMES H. MILLS, P. C. of George H. Thomas Post No. 4, and 
SAMUEL K. FISHEL, P. C. of John Buford Post No. 1, charters sur 
rendered. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

CHARLES B. MILLER,* JAMES McKENZlE, 

JOHN R. HILMAN,* C. B. NEWBURY, 

WILLIAM POTTER,* THOMAS O'CONNER, 

JAMES B. LOOM IS,* GEORGE H. PIATT, 

ALFRED C. VOTAW.* CHARLES HORN. 



CUSTER POST No. 5, Sheridan. 
ORVILLE F. PARMETER, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

EDWIN L. DICKINSON, , ELIAS P. DAY, 

GEORGE W. RIGHTENOUR. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

SIMEON DENO.* — 



FRANK BLAIR POST No. 6, Virginia City 

HIRAM L. CHILDS, Commander. 
Past Commanders. 

JAMES E. CALLAWAY, THOMAS P. COX, 

HENRY N. BLAKE, JOHN H. DAVIS, 

STEPHEN GAINAN, JAMES B. HOW, 

EUGENE STARK, SAMUEL PAGE, 

JOHN B. CARRUTHERS, A. E. GLOYD.* 

Representatives. Alternates 

HORATIO S. HOWELL,* N. RODGERS, 

O. D. LINSLEY. WILLIAM HAYDEN 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

FARRAGUT POST No. 7, Livingston. 

WILLIAM H. YEATON, Commander.* 

Past Commanders. 

F. W. WRIGHT, H. J. HOPPE, 

PIERCE HOOPES, THOS. J. MAINS, 

JOHN SKILLEN, A. B. HICKS, 

GEORGE T. CHAMBERS.* 

Representatives. Alternates. 

N. EBERT,* P. H. FISHER, 

A. E. OWENS. J. N. DODGE.* 



STEEDMAN POST No. 8, Dillon. 

JOSEPHUS RICH, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

THOMAS LOUGHBRIDGE, OTHO KLEMM, 

BENJAMIN BOND. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

•RED. HOPP,* J. B. TOWNSEND. 

:hris. DARNITZER,* 



WILLIAM ENGLISH POST No. 10, Bozeman. 

CHARLES H. SPRAGUE, Commander.* 

Past Commanders. 

'benjamin F. OSBORN,* J. H. NIXON,* 

WILLIAM Y. SMITH, JOSEPH M. LINDLEY,* 

.ESTER S. WILLSON,* THOMAS M. PIERCE,* 

■^JAMES A. Mcelroy,* ed. f. ferris,* 

CHARLES E. LANCASTER. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

GEORGE W. FLANDERS,* J. C. COMB, 

^ P. MATTHEWS.* JAMES MARDIS. 



FRED WINTHROP POST No. 11, Missoula. 

SAMUEL BELLE W, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

rOHN L. SLOANE, WILLIAM IT. H. DICKINSON, 

W. LOMBARD, W. E. BANCROFT, 

ANDREW MOORE. 

Representatives. AlteiTates. 

W. GRANTIER, ANDREW MOORE, 

(WILLIAM SANDERS. A. DOCKSTODER. 



8 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

THOMAS L. KANE POST No. 12, Glendive. 
JAMES S. ALMY, Commander. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

MORRIS P. WYMAN, JOHN BARNBER, 

CHARLES N. SMITH. JAMES McCORMICK. 



J. B. Mcpherson post No. 13, boulder. 

BENJAMIN F. HOOPES, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

GEORGE TEN EYCK, WILL KENNEDY, 

A. S KELLOGG, GEORGE F. COWAN, 

J. H. MILLER. 
No Representatives elected. 



U. S. GRANT POST No. 14, Miles City. 

No Report. 



JOHN A. LOGAN POST No. 15, Billings. 

No Report. 



GEORGE G. MEADE POST No. 16, Anaconda. 

JOHN BARRY, Commander.* 

Past Commanders. 

AUSTIN B. GATES, NATHAN H. MORLEY,* 

THADDEUS C. DAVIDSON,* EBER GOLDER,* 
JOHN S. WISNER,* AUGUSTUS SHORT.* 

Also ROGER EDWARDS, P. C. of Wm. English Post No. 10. 

Representatives, Alternates. 

JOHN HALLOHAN,* WM. APPLEBY, 

W. S. WHITELY. H. WALLACE. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



SHERIDAN POST No. i8, Great Falls. 

JOHN A. CLARKE, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

CHARLES TAYLOR, F. GEORGE HELDT,* 

JOSEPH O. GREGG,* FRANK COCJMBS, 

P. H. HUGHES. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

C. E. THAYER, J. CARR, 

W. H. SAFFORIX* D. W. BEECHER. 



JAMES A. SHIELDS POST No. 19, Lewistown. 

BENSON H. BOWMAN, Commander. 

Past Commanders. 

SAMUEL S. HARPER, RICHARD W. NOBLE, 

THOMAS J. FROST, JOHN McCOURT, 

JAMES READ. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

B. F. FISHBAUM, ALEXANDER BRANSEN, 

JAMES READ. OBART HOST. 



G. K. WARREN POST No. 20, Fort Benton. 

JOHN C. DUFF, Commander. 

Past Commander. 

J. J. DONNELLY. 
No Representatives. 



JOHN C. FREMONT POST No. 21, Hamilton. 

FREDERICK HOFFMAN, Commander. 
Past Commander. 

W. B. HARLAND. 

No Representatives. 



lO ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

BURNSIDE POST No. 22, Philipsburg. 

MORRIS SHARPE, Commander.* 
Past Commanders. 
JAMES K. PARDEE, WILLIAM T. ALLISON 

Representative. Alternate. 

JAMES K. PARDEE. J. A. MATTHEWS. 



NAT LYONS POST No. 23, Kalispell. 

LYMAN LORING, Commander.* 

Past Commanders. 

DAA'ID J. PLUME,* R. C. PALMER,* 

R. A. ROLLINS. 

Representative. Alternates. 

W. J. SPARK.* WILLIAM P. EMERSON, 

E. HARK. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

That the Department Commander may be granted the privilege of 
presenting liis report to tlie Council of Administration to be appointed 
by this Encampment, and that it be embodied in the proceedings of this 
Encampment. 



DEPARTMENT COMMANDER'S ANNUAL ADDRESS. 



Comrades: 

At the Tenth Annual Encampment, I had the high honor of being 
chosen your Department Commander for the ensuing year. So far as is 
in my power I have devoted myself to the duties of the office to the best 
of my ability. 

The year now drawing to a close has been one of very great financial 
depression. Knowing well when times are hard we, one and all lose our 
enthusiasm, and that being true, I have during the year just closing ad- 
vised as much leniency extended to the weaker Posts in the Department 
as in my judgment was consistent with the prosperity of the Depart- 
ment, believing tnat the best policy is to tide over weak Posts until the 
financial skies are brighter. 

Twice during the year I visited Wadsworth Post No. 3, and found a 
large attendance of comrades and the discipline faultless. I also had 
the pleasure of attending George G. Meade Post No. 16, and while they 
are few in numbers, they are a host in enthusiasm. My own Post (Lin- 
coln) I attended regularily during the year, believing it the duty of the 
Department Commander to attend his own Post meetings. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G A. R. 11 

It has been a very great pleasure to meet and encourage comrades 
from all parts of the Department, to ask them to give their best endeav- 
ors to the building up of the Order. 

I have had many matters submitted to me during the year as regards 
pensions, assisting to get soldiers' records in form so they might join a 
Post, and I may add that success in many instances was the reward. As 
regards the condition of the Department there seems to be a growing 
desire among Comrades to enter into Grand Army work with enthusiasm, 
which is certainly very gratifying. 

In January it became evident (from the number of bills before the 
Legislature of Montana) that an act to locate and establish a soldiers' 
liome with an appropriation sufficient to accomplish such an object would 
fail to pass. I visited the capital and in conference with the Judge Ad- 
vocate, Comrades Mills, Fisk and others we deemed it advisable to ask the 
Posts of the Department to pass uniform resolutions, as forwarded by 
the Department Commander, asking the legislature to pass an act ap- 
pointing and creating a commission to locate the home. All Posts of the 
Department passed and forwarded said resolutions to their respective rep- 
resentatives in the Legislature which met with the approval of the mem- 
bers of the Legislature, and an act was passed creating such lioard with 
an appropriation of five thousand dollars for running expenses for the 
first year and ten thousand dollars for buildings, which is very gratify- 
ing. To Comrade O'Leary the thanks of the Department are due for his 
personal attention at the Legislature in getting the above bill passed. 

In all of my efforts for the Department, I have been assisted by 
Senior Vice Commander, R. E. Fisk, Junior Vice Commander, F. George 
Heldt, in the most loyal and enthusiastic manner. To Comrade P. H. 
Manchester, Assistant Adjutant General, 1 desire to tender my thanks 
for his zealous work. In him the Department has had an officer whose 
fidelity to duty has been untiring. In the great explosion when every 
window in his house was blown out, and with a shattered roof over his 
family, he did not forget to ask National Headquarters to grant him 
time to complete his reports. Time was promptly granted, and I may 
add the reports were forwarded leaving us occupying an honorable posi- 
tion at National Headquarters. 

The Assistant Quartermaster General's office has been conducted in 
a business manner that has kept this office in the highest rate of effi- 
ciency materially adding to the smooth running of the Department dur- 
ing the past year. To Comrade Haven, I feel much indebted as he has 
left nothing undone to forward the interest of the Department. 

To Comrade Frank P. Sterling, Judge Advocate, I am under obliga- 
tions for his kindly assistance on all questions arising that required a 
legal interpretation during the year. His judgment and counsel on all 
legal points concerning the G. A. R., I found most valuable. 

Medical Director, 11. M. Whitefoot, T. C. Davidson, Inspector, George 
W. Jenkins, Chaplain, and J. H. Nixon, Chief Mustering Officer, all do I 
desire to thank for their kind assistance in their respective offices and 
for making prompt reports of duties performed by them. 

Comrades; permit me to tender to you my most sincere thanks and 
regards for the honor you have conferred upon me, and for the loyal as- 



12 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

sistance you rendered to me and now in handing over the command of 
this Department to my successor, I am happy to state it is with love and 
respect to every Comrade in the Department, I am 

Sincerely yours in F. C. and L., 

PETER R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander, 



REPORT OF THE SENIOR VICE COMMANDER. 



Office of the Senior Vice Commandek, Department of Montana, 

G. A. R. 

Helena, April, 1895. 

P. IT. Manchester, A. A. G., Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Comrade; 

I have the honor to report that during my encumbancy of the office 
of Senior Vice Commander, it has happened that I have been largely ex- 
empt from the many labors and responsibilities that have rested upon 
the supreme authority of the Department. Fortunately for nearly the 
entire year, our active and zealous Commander and his equally active and 
zealous staff have been within the Department and in attendance upon 
their duties, and hence, the burdens of office have been lightly felt by 
subordinates to the chief. The good of the Order, it seems to me, has 
been carefully looked after, constantly guarded, and the best expecta- 
tions of the Comrades realized in the management of the Department. 

With your delegates chosen at the last preceding Encampment, and 
other representatives of the Department, I attended the 28th National 
Encampment held at Pittsburg on September 8th. It was a pleasure and 
gratification there to march, with these Comrades of Montana, in one of 
the grandest parades of the grandest body of soldier veterans on earth, 
and also to share with these representatives of the Department, the dis- 
tinguished honor of participating in the Councils of the Order, the 
grandest, the most patriotic assemblage or the world. 

In at least three of the nine Encampments of the National body, it 
has been my good fortune to attend, I have had, as a colleague and 
marching Comrade, the present Department Commander, the enthusias- 
tic Dolman. Other than your elected representatives, Comrades Ten 
Eyck and Wallace, at the Pittsburg Encampment, were the Department 
Commander, and Past Department Commander Gregg, the latter pros- 
pectively an officer of the National staff, with distinguished and warm 
supporting Comrades throughout the country. 

The representatives in the National body, a year ago, reflected the 
highest credit upon the Department, and the sincere hope is expressed 
that the 29th Encampment will see assembled as many or more of the 
Comrades at Louisville. 

Comrades; in the principles of Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, all 
I trust, will remain faithful and true. In our noble, patriotic Order 
every Comrade takes a great pride. As our numbers become less let 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. I3 

Comradeship grow nearer and love, one for another, increase. No better, 
more eloquent and patriotic words than these, spoken by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, a year ago, can be used here: "Keep sacred the mem- 
ory of our dead; stand loyally for the interests of the living, and above 
and beyond all see to it that the flag we love so well and followed so long 
is not trailed in the dust. /Place it higher until its stars mingle with 
those in the heavens, and its stripes can be seen by all the world, telling 
that it is the emblem of equal rights and National Unity, saved and 
made purer and brighter by the loyalty and devotion of .the defenders." 

In F. C. & L. 

E. E. FISK, 
Senior Vice Commander. 
The report was received and placed on file. 



REPORT OF THE JUNIOR VICE COMMANDER. 



Butte, Mont., April 9th, 1895. 
Commander: 

The office of Senior Vice Commander, with which I am honored, may 
properly be compared with the fifth wheel of a gun carriage, which is 
held in reserve and brought into service only, in case of an accident. 
Fortunately for me none of the wheels bearing the burden of the Depart- 
ment for the past year have failed in the performance of their duties, 
and 1 consequently have not been called upon for active service, with the 
exception, however, of a period covering about ten days, during which 
time both the Commander and Senior Vice Commander, being absent 
from the Department, the duties of Commander necessarily fell upon me. 

During this short period, however, nothing transpired that would 
suggest a report. I have, however, casually observed the workings and 
progress of the Department and its various branches, and am pleased to 
say, that taking all things into consideration, I believe Montana will, in 
the near future, be one of the banner Departments of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. To bring it to this standard, however, it is necessary 
that each officer and member of the G. A. K. put his shoulder to the 
wheel and do his utmost to promote the prosperity and welfare of our 
Order. 

Thanking you, Commander, and my Comrades in general, for the 
courtesies shown me, and the brotherly feeling you have exhibited, I re- 
main, Yours in F. C. & L., 

F. GEORGE HELDT, 

Junior Vice Commander. 

Received and placed on file. 



14 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT 

GENERAL. 



Office of the Assistant Adjutant General. 

Butte, Montana, April 9th, 1895. 
To General Peter R. Dolman, 

Department Commander. 

In compliance with the rules and regulations of the Grand Army of 
tha Republic I hereby submit the report of the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral from the 10th Annual Encampment up to the above date, the open- 
ing of the nth Annual Encampment, and ending with this Encampment. 

The headquarters of this Department were established in this city 
the following week after the Encampment adjourned at Helena, May 
17th, 1894. The property of this office was transferred to this city by 
Past Assistant Adjutant General, F. George Heldt. 

General Order No. 1, was promptly issued and forwarded to the dif- 
ferent Posts and Department officers announcing the command of De- 
partment Commander Peter R. Dolman, in charge of the Department. 

lielow is a consolidated report of the Posts and members of this De- 
partment for the year 1894. 

December 31st, 1893, Number of members in good standing, 513 

June 30th, 1894, Number of members in good standing, 530 

December 31st, 1894, Number of members in good standing, 524 

It will be seen by the above that the first half of 1894, there was a 
gain of 17 members, and the second half of 1894, a loss of 6 members, 
leaving a total gain of 11 members. In my report to the Adjutant Gen- 
eral of June 30th, 1894, Steedman Post No. 8, was reported as having 
made no report and on October 29th, 1894, I succeeded in getting their 
report of .June 30, 1894, with 16 members. It being too late to then re- 
port them to National Headquarters, 1 added them to my December 31st, 
report as being reinstated from delinquent reports, thus showing a gain 
of 16 members, but. for that, the Department would show a loss of 5 
members during 1894. 

The loss and gain in this Department for the year 1894, is as follows: 

Losses by death 7 

Losses by honorable discharge 6 

Losses by transfer 6 

Losses by suspension 54 



Total loss 73 

Gains by muster in 38 

Gains by transfer 10 

Gains by re-instatement 19 

Gains by re-instatement (Steedman Post) 17 



Total gain 84 

which leaves a gain of membership to the Department of eleven mem- 
bers. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 1 5 

In my June 30th, 185)4 report, to National Headquarters I reported 
eighteen Posts in good standing, though I had not received the reports 
from Custer Post No. 5, at Sheridan; U. S. Grant Post No. 14, at Miles 
City, and John A. Logan Post No. 15, at Billings, a total membership as 
reported of 41 members. 

In my December 3Ist report to National Headquarters, I reported 19 
Posts in good standing, but at this date I am short of the reports from 
U. S. Grant Post No. 14, at Miles City; John A. Logan Post No. 15, at 
Billings; G. K. Warren Post No. 20, at Fort Benton, and John C. Free- 
mont Post No. 20, at Hamilton, a total membership of 76, therefore we 
are reporting to National Headquarters 76 more members than we really 
have as reported in good standing in this Department. 

I received the Ist June report on June 12th, 1894, it being Fred 
Winthrop Post No. 11, at Missoula, and on October 29th, 1894, I received 
the report from Steedman Post No. 8, at Dillon. The next latest was 
Nat Lyons Post No. 23, at Kalispell, which was received October 16th, 
1894. 

Commander and Comrades, you will readily see what an Assistant Ad- 
jutant General has to contend with in writing letter after letter to dif- 
ferent Post Commanders and Adjutants in order to keep up the record 
of the Department, and to get reports from the different Posts, when, if 
they would consider that just for a few moments time spent by the offi- 
cers of the Posts at the end of each half year, to make out their returns, 
and forward them to the Department Headquarters, it would not only 
save a great deal of worry upon the Assistant Adjutant General, but it 
would also save some expense that the Department Officers are put to 
unnecessarily. I would simply state to this Department that part of the 
delay of the June reports was owing to the great railroad strike that 
was on from the 26th day of June to the 26th day of July. 

There has been issued from these Headquarters eight general orders, 
and one sui>plement to Order No. 8, and they have been mailed promptly 
to the different Posts and Department officers throughout this Depart- 
ment, also to National Headquarters. 

1 have in my possession at this date a list of the officers of the differ- 
ent Posts throughout this Department elected and appointed for the 
year 1895, with the exception of Posts numbers 14, 15 and 20. I have 
written a number of times to Commander J. C. Duff, at Fort Benton, 
Post No. 20, also Thomas Coatsworth. the Adjutant, and have also sent 
registered letters, and as yet I have been unable to get any reply with 
the exception of the return of the registered card informing me that 
said letters have been received. 

In regard to U. 8. Grant and John A. Logan Posts number 14 and 15, 
am sorry to state, that they both wish to surrender their charters as they 
say it is impossible for them to even keep up their per capita tax, let 
alone having any meeting. McPherson Post No. 13. of Boulder, sent in 
their report and per capita tax, but reported no election of officers or 
delegates, for 1895. The Commander of John C. Freemont No. 21, for 
1894, E. L. DeHaven, I am sorry to state, has been a defaulter and has 
left the country with some of the valuables and what little funds the 
Post had, and it was quite difficult for the newly elected officers which 
were elected in March, 1895, to get matters right again. We have as yet 



l6 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

received no Adjutant's report from them, nor per capita tax for the last 
one-half year of 1894, but have a full list of their officers for 1895, 

The relationship and friendly feeling that has existed between these 
headquarters and throughout the Department has been good so far as I 
can understand, and I feel grateful to the balance of the Department 
officers for the courtesj^ shown me during my administration. 

There has been some extra work put upon me the past year, and I 
have tried to do my duty as a soldier and for the Grand Army cause, and 
I will leave it for the comrades to say for themselves whether this office 
has been properly attended to, and its duties performed. This extra 
work you will see in a report from the committee on printing. 

The badges of the 28th National Encampment, held in Pittsburg 
last September, have been distributed to comrades who are entitled to 
them, also the proceedings of said 28th National Encampment have been 
sent to the different Posts and Department officers. 

The roster of this Department was made soon after the encampment 
of 1894, by the Department Con>mander and myself, and mailed to each 
Department officer, Past Department Commanders, Council of Adminis- 
tration, Aides-de-Camp, Delegates and Alternates to National Encamp- 
ment, to the National officers, and a number to each Post in the Depart- 
ment to distribute among its members. 

All other business pertaining to this office I have tried to do, to the 
best of my ability. 

In closing this my annual reix)rt, I only wish to state, that it is need- 
less to remind the comrades of their duties as Grand Army men. Let 
every officer of the different Posts try while they are in office to bring 
the standing of their Post up to a little higher grade than their former 
comrades left it, and to attend to their duties as they would attend to 
their own private duties as citizen soldiers. 

On writing General Order No. 8. it was with a deep sense of sorrow 
that I was obliged to announce the death of Mrs. Helen C. Dolman, wife 
of General Peter K. Dolman, our Department Commander, who died on 
March 27th, 1895, and on removing her remains to their old home, Louisi- 
ana, Mo., our worthy Commander will be absent from this Encampment. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, in F. C. and K, 

PERRY H. MANCHESTER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 
Received and referred to the Council of Administration. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATION. 



Butte, Mont., April 9th, 1895. 
To the Department Co3Diander: 

Your Committee on Legislation respectfully reports that they pre- 
pared and presented to the Legislative Assembly, a bill, for erecting a 
soldiers' home in Montana, and such bill was enacted into a law of the 
State. It creates a board of five managers to be appointed by the Gov- 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 1 7 

ernor, onQof whom must be the Department Commander during his term 
of office. The board will have full authority to select the location of the 
home and to make all rules and regulations for its government. 

TIMOTHY O'LEARY, 
Chairman. 
On motion a vote of thanks was tendered to the Committee on Leg- 
islation for their efficient services during the past winter in the matter 
of the Soldiers Home. 



REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT QUx\RTERMASTER 

GENERAL. 



Office of the Assistant Quartermaster General. 

Helena, Mont., April 9th, 1895. 
Peter E. Dolman, Esq., 

Commander. 
Comrade: 

I have the honor to submit herewith my annual report as Assistant 
Quartermaster General for the term from May 18th, 1894, to April 9th, 
1895. 

The continued depression of business, and the low price of silver, has 
)een felt in the finances of the Posts and consequently by the Depart- 
lent. The total receipts from all sources having been one hundred and 
ifty-seven dollars less than during the preceding year; but on the other 
j_hand, following your instructions to keep our expenditures, if possible, 
rithin our income, and at the same time provide all the supplies neces- 
'sary for the transaction of the business of the Department officers, and 
to fill promptly the requisitions of the Posts, the expenditures of the 
Department (leaving out the cost of printing the Journal of the Encamp- 
ments for the years 1891, 1892, 1893 and 1894) have been two hundred and 
forty-seven dollars less than last year: but in making this comparison it 
must be borne in mind that the expenditures of 1893-4 included the pay- 
ment of bills contracted the year before that, and also that in the 
beginning of that year the headquarters of the Department was almost 
destitute of supplies of all sorts which had to be provided immediately. 

The cost of printing the Journal of the Encampments is $150, and 
there were not funds enough in my hands to pay the whole of it. I have 
therefore made a payment of $100 on account, leaving a balance of $50, to 
be paid when the per capita tax is paid by the Posts in July. 

There are five Posts in arrears of dues as follows: 

Steedman Post No. 8 made a quarterly report April 1st, 1893, and 
paid to the A. Q. M. G. $4. It made no further reports during that year: 
therefore it is in arrears for three-fourths of the year 1893. It made no 
reports for the year 1894. 

U. S. Grant Post No. 14; John A. Logan Post No. 15; G. K. Warren 
Post No. 20, and John C. Fremont Post No. 21 made no reports for 1894, 

—2 



l8 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

and are therefore in arrears of dues. All the other Posts of the Depart- 
ment made their semi-annual reports in time to enable us to make the 
proijer returns to the National Encampment in due season. 

By the last reports from the Posts I find that the value of Post 
property is as follows: 

Cash in Post funds $ 47570 

Cash in relief funds 121 48 

Value of real estate 280 00 

Value of furniture, flags, etc 1,260 55 



Total $2,137 73 

In my correspondence with the Post officers, I find considerable com- 
plaint that the Posts get nothing in return for the money paid for per 
capita tax, not even reports of the annual Encampments until years have 
passed and all interest in them is lost. I thcrerore beg leave to recom- 
mend that you advise the Encampment to vote to publish the proceed- 
ings every year, and that copies be sent to each Post not later than July 
1st of the year of the Encampment. If the receipts for 1895-6 are even 
as much as during the past year, this can be done, besides paying all 
other bills, and still leave a small surplus at the end of the year. 

My condensed report of the finances of the Department is as follows: 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash on hand May 18th, 1894 $ 19 45 

Received per capita tax from Posts 457 00 

Received for Quartermaster's supplies sold 46 86 



Total $523 31 

EXPENDITURES. 

Per capita tax National Encampment $ 13 17 

Salaries of A. A. G. and A. Q. M. G 200 00 

Badges for 11th Annual Encampment 13 75 

Quartermaster's supplies purchased 36 43 

Printing, postage, stationery, expenses of headquarters 122 20 

Box for Department banner, expense to and from Pittsburg 15 00 

Paid on account of publishing Journal of Encampment 100 00 



Total $500 55 

Cash balance on hand 22 76 



Total $523 31 

The cash is on deposit in the Montana National Bank, of Helena, to 
the credit of the Department of Montana G. A. R., payable to the order 
of the A. Q. M. G. when officially notified of his appointment. The sup- 
plies are in my office in Helena, and are insured for $100. 

I herewith submit to you and the Council of Administration detailed 
statements of all receipts and expenditures, with vouchers approved by 
you, of all money paid out. 

Thanking you and the other Department officers, as well as the Post 
officers with whom I have had correspondence, for their uniform courtesy 
and kindness during this term, I am, 

Yours truly and in F. C. and L. 

WILLIAM A. HAVEN. 
A. Q. M. G. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



19 



Detailed statements of receipts and expenditures of the Assistant 
Quartermaster General for the term from May 18th, 1894, to April 9, 1895, 



Receiits. 



NAME OF POST. 


NO. 


PEK CAPITA TAX. 


«. M. 


June 30. 


Dec. 31. 


SUPPLIES. 


Lincoln 

Wadsworth 


2 
3 
5 
6 
t 

8 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
2« 


$23 00 
66 50 

5 00 
10 50 
17 50 

8 00 
16 00 
10 00 

6 50 


$22 50 
62 50 

5 00 
10 50 
17 00 

8 00 
17 00 
13 00 

6 00 


$5 68 
7 55 


C'lieter 


5 01 


Frank Blair 


3 92 


Farragut 

Stei'dman 


5 50 


Wm. English 

Fred. %Vinthrop 


4 30 
1 05 


Thomas L. Kane 




J. B. McPherson 


8 00 8 50 




U.S.Grant 








.John A. Loean 








George G. Meade 


12 50 
15 00 
12 00 


11 50 

13 00 

6 00 


3 50 


Sheridan 


3 00 


James A. Shields. 




G.K.Warren 


. 


John C. F'remont 








Burnside 


10 00 
13 50 


10 00 
12 50 




Nat Lyons 








Summary 


$234 CO 


$223 00 


$39 51 









Total from Posts 

Badges and Rank Straps sold to staff officers and others. 

Total receipts 

Amount of cash on hand May 18th, 1894 



S496 51 
7 35 



$503 86 
19 45 



Total. 



Expenditures. 



$523 31 



Date. No. 




Amount. 


1894 
June 23.... 
" 23 ... 


1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

9 

11 

12 

13 

14 

19 

20 

21 

21 

15 
16 
17 
18 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 


Williams & Sons, letterheads and envelopes 

Standard Printin<»' Co , ""eneral orders 


$16 50 
5 00 


'• 27.... 
" 27.... 


W. A Haven, 1st 'quarter salary A. Q. M. G 

P. H. Manchester, let quarter salary A. A. G 


25 00 
25 00 


July 6.... 

■&.... 

" 25.... 


Louis Wagner, Q. M. G., requisition for supplies 

W. A. Haven, expense bill, postage, etc 

W. A. Haven, 2d quarter salary A. Q. M. G 


24 15 
17 42 

25 00 


" 26 ... 


Louis Wagner, per capita National Encampment. . . .'. 


6 62 


Aug. 2.... 


Williams & Sons, Adjutant's Warrants 


2 50 


10 


H. S. Donnelly, box for banner 


6 00 


" 11.... 


Williams ife Sons, printing envelopes 


1 25 


15.... 


Standard Printing Co., rosters and general orders 


17 50 


" 30.... 
Sept. 20.... 
Oct. 4.... 


N. P. Express Co , express on banner to Pittsburg 

G. N. Express Co., express on banner from Pittsburg . . .. 
Williams (t Sons, 100 'ost Q. M. Bonds 


4 25 
4 75 
3 00 


Nov. 1.... 


T. H. Clewell, P. M., stamped envelopes 


4 44 


" o 

" - 24;;;: 

24.... 


Independent Pub. Co., printing envelopes 

P. H. Manchester, 2d quarter salary A. A. G .. 

P. H. Manchester, postage and printing 


1 13 

25 00 

6 00 


1895 
Jan. 1.... 


J. W. Burst, t^. M. G., requisition for supplies 


11 53 


Feb. 1 . . . . 


J. W. Burst, per capita tax National Encampment 


6 55 


21 

21.... 

23... 


Standard Printing Co., headquarters printing 

P. H. Manchester, 3d quarter salary A. A. G 

P. H Manchester, 4th quarter salarv A. A. G 


16 00 
25 00 
25 00 


Mar. 2 ... 


W. A. Haven, 3rd and 4th quarter salary A. Q. M G 

W. A. Haven, postage and expense bill 


.50 00 
17 21 


11 ... 
22... 

" 27.... 


C. S. Cole & Co . lix) Encampment badges 

Standard Printing Co., printing general orders 

P. H. Manchester', postage 


13 75 
1 75 
5 00 


29.... 


W. A. Haven, sundry expenses 


8 25 


29... 


Standard Printing Co., on account of Journal 


100 00 




Total 






$500 55 




Cash balance 


22 76 




Total 






$523 31 









Received and referred to the Council of Administration. 



20 ELEVKNTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



REPORT OF THE MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 



BozEMAN, Mont., April 9th, 1895. 
Petkr R. Dolman, 

Commander G. A. K, Department of Montana: 
I sincerely regret not being able to make a report that would throw 
some light on subject of the health and general morals of the Posts in 
the Department, but having no data from which to compile said report, 
I respectfully sign myself, 

Yours in F. C. & L. 

R. M. WHITEFOOT, 
Medical Director. 
Received and placed on file. 



REPORT OF THE CHAPLAIN. 



Office of the Chaplain. 

Butte, Mont., April 9, 1895. 
Commander of the Department of Montana G. A. R. and Comrades: 

It is with profound gratitude to the Giver of All Good for that kind 
providence that affords me this opportunity of submitting another an- 
nual report, that I present the following for your consideration. 

I am exceedingly glad of the privilege of meeting you once more in 
an Encampment, and to know that so comparatively few of our Comrades 
have passed away during the past year. I have written to the several 
Chaplains of the respective Posts throughout the Department, and take 
this opportunity of returning thanks for prompt responses. Chaplain 
J. R. Hilman, of Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena, reported one member,' 
Comrade Jefferis dead, and the death of two old soldiers at Helena sincej 
May 30th, 1894. 

Our beloved Comrade, Captain Wheeler, of Helena, I believe has] 
died since last Encampment, but prior to May 30th, 1894, the time speci- 
fied in my correspondence with the chaplains to report from. I would! 
respectfully suggest that a committee on memoirs be appointed to draft] 
suitable resolutions concerning deceased Comrades. 

Chaplain A. P. Gregg, of J. C. Fremont Post No. 21, Hamilton, re-j 
ports one death, that of Comrade W. O. Gray. Chaplain J. H. Eayres, 
of Nat Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispell, reports the death of Comrade Chas. 
Lee of that Post. 

And here allow me to touch a tender chord in every heart of this] 
Department, as I call attention to that dispensation of Divine Providence, 
which by its visitations to Comrades' homes has broken the glad circle I 
and left sad and lonely widowers to mourn their irreparable loss. 

He who has instructed us to "Rejoice with them wlio rejoice," also] 
said: "Weep with them who weep," and, surely no Comrade of our] 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 21 

Grand Army of the Republic would not heartily enter into sympathy 
with these bereaved ones. Among the number I tenderly mention Com- 
mander P. R. Dolman, T>ast Commander J. O. Gregg, Comrade Y, C. 
Whitney, Chaplain J. R. Hilman and Commander W. R. Rhodabank, of 
this city. May God, who alone is able, bless and sustain these sorrow- 
ing and bereaved ones. 

In response to inquires made in my correspondence after the work 
of the several Posts and their purposes in reference to observance of 
Memorial Day, many matters were mentioned which will appear in the 
report of the Inspector General and therefor it is not necessary that they 
appear in mine. But in regard to the services on next Memorial Day it 
is proper to say that universally all Posts throughout the Department 
are reported, so far as heard from, as intending to duly observe that 
sacred day. 

Our ranks are gradually thinning as the years roll by swept by the 
musketry of time. IMo booming cannon or bugle calls to the realm of 
the destroyer, but the stealthy hand of oncoming age and infirmity is 
making out our final muster roll, while He who guarded us amid the 
shafts of death on the field of battle, and the arrows of disease and 
death in hospital, and has shielded us amid the innumberable perils of 
civil life will soon summon us to the Grand Encampment where, if true 
to ourselves, our country, our God, He will clothe us with victory as a 
garment, and from the bivouac of earth and all its perils and tempta- 
tions. He will transfer us to palatial quarters amid the palm groves of 
the celestial fields of eternal glory hard by the "river of life" 

"Where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at rest." 

In conclusion indulge me in using some quotations from that noble 
and immortal poet John Greenleaf Whittier. He said in reference to 
the cause for which we fought: 

"In vain the bells of war shall ring 
Of triumphs and revenges 
While still is spared the evil thing that severs and estranges. 

But blest the ear 

That yet shall hear 

The jubilant bell 

That rings the knell 

Of slavery forever " 

And again as we consider our diversity of thought and opinion as 
regards our articles of religion he says: 

"Call him not heretic whose works attest 
Ills faith in goodness, by no creed confessed, 
Wliatever in love's name is truly done 
To free the bound and lift the fallen one 
Is done to Christ. Who so in deed and word 
Is not against Him labors for our Lord. 
When he, who, sad and weary, longing sore 
For love's sweet service, sought the sister's door, 
One saw the heavenly, one the human, guest 
But who shall say which loved the Master best. ' 

Again he says. 

"That they who differ pole-wide serve 

Perchance the common Master, 
And other sheep he hath than they 

Who graze one narrow pasture." 



22 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

And yet again hear and apply his exquisitely beautiful lines, Com- 
rades, when he says: 

"O brother man fold to thy heart thy brother : 

Where pity dwells the peace of God is there; 
To worship rightly is to love each other, 

Each smile a hymn, each kindly deed a prayer. 
Follow with reverent steps the great example 

Of him whose holy work was "doine good" 
So shall the wide earth seem our Fatlier's'teniple, 

Each loving life a psalm of gratitude— worship." 

And lastly amid the cares and anxietip« of our advanced years let 
us all grasp his faith as he says: 

"I know not what the future hath 
Of marvel or surprise 
Assured alone that life and death 
His mercy underlies. 

* * * » 

And so beside the silent sea 

I wait the muffled oar; 
No harm from Him can come to me 

On ocean or on shore. 

I know not where His islands lift 

Their fronded palms in ai""' 
I only know I cannot drift 

Beyond his love and care." 

Finally hear the Grand Commander above saying: "Be then faithful 
until death and I will give thee a crown of life." 

Respectfully submitted. 

GEO. W. JENKINS, 

Department Chaplain. 
Received and referred to a special committee of Comrades T. H. 
Kleinschmidt, George T. Chambers and Benjamin F. Osborn. 

A committee consisting of G. W. Jenkins, Levi E. Holmes and 
George T. Chambers, was appointed to wait upon the Woman's Re- 
lief Corps then in session. The committee returned, making a verbal 
report and afterwards submitted the following: 

BuTTK, Montana, April 9th, J 895. 

We, your committee assigned to the pleasant duty of carrying the 
greetings of the Department to the Woman's Relief Corps, now con- 
vened in this city, would respectfully submit the following report: 

At three P. M. this day we repaired to the Headquarters of the 
Woman's Relief Corps at the I. O. G. T. Hall. We were afforded a cordial 
greeting. The President, Mrs. Frances E. Moore, gave us assurance that 
the Woman's Relief Corps highly appreciated the recognition given by the 
Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Montana, and we assured 
them in behalf of the Department that their work was highly regarded! 
in aid of our common c^use, af predating their worth as a factor of 
fraternity, charity and loyalty, never to be forgotten by the old soldiers, 
especially as evinced in the hospital and in the field during the war, whenj 
represented by the army nurse as well as in civil life in providing for the! 
orphan and widow of the war and for cheering words and help ff»r the] 
veteran. G. W. Jenkins, 

L. E. Holmes, 
Geo. T. Chambers. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 2 2 

The Committee on Printing made the following report: 

DErAKTMENT COMMANDER AND COMRADES : 

We, your Committee on Printing the Journal of the Encampment 
proceedings for the years 1891-2-3 and 4, would say that bids were received 
from the different printing houses through the State and submitted to 
the Committee. The bid of $1.13 per page from a Butte house was de- 
cided upon for two hundred copies. The same was printed and said 
Journal caused the outlay of $25.00 more than the appropriation from 
the 10th Annual Encampment. 

There has been paid on said bill $100.00 and there still remains $50.00 
to be settled by this Encampment. 

P. H. Manchester, 
F. Geo. Heldt, 
Ed. S. Walker, 
« Committee. 

It was voted that the action of the Committee be approved and that 
the comrades present be given an opportunity to contribute to the 
funds of the Department so that the Assistant Quartermaster General 
could be enabled to pay the balance due on the printing of the Journal. 
Thereupon the officer of the guard passed the hat and the sum of $27.75 
was contributed. 

It was voted that this Encampment recommend that the Posts of 
this Department endeavor to secure photographs of the comrades to be 
kept in the Post rooms, and in case of the disbandment of the Post, the 
said photographs be turned over, with the other property of the Posts, 
to the Department Encampment. 

At five o'clock P. M. the Encampment took a recess until 9:30 o'clock 
the next morning. 



24 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Seconb H)a^'8 Session. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Butte, Montana, April 10, 1895. 

The Encampment was called to order at 9:30 A. M. The following 
report of the Council of Administration was read and adopted, and the 
recommendations therein made were approved. 



REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 



The Council of Administration having carefully examined and con- 
sidered the reports and recommendations of the Assistant Quartermaster 
General and Assistant Adjutant General submitted at the 11th Annual 
Encampment of the Department, report as follows: 

The accounts of the Assistant Quartermaster General were found to 
be correct and to correspond with the vouchers submitted therewith, 
and with a single exception of a balance of $50.00 yet unpaid on the con- 
tract for publication of the Journal of the 7, 8, 9 and 10th Encampments 
there remains no unpaid indebtedness. 

It is recommended that the suggestion of the A. Q. M. G. in refer- 
ence to the annual printing of the Journals of Encampments be adopted. 

We find the supplies in possession of the A. Q. M. G. to be of the value 
of $171.17. It is recommended that the balance remaining due from 
Steedman Post on the 31st day of December, 1894, amounting to $12.00 
be remitted. 

We find the following Posts delinquent in reports and per capita tax, 
and recommend that the incoming Administration make every effort to 
bring them into good standing, viz: U. S. Grant No. 14, John A. Logan 
No. 15, G. K. Warren No. 20 and John C. Fremont No. 21. 

The Council further reports that they have examined the very able 
and comprehensive report of the Assistant Adjutant General and recom- 
mend that said report be approved and published with the proceedings 
of the Encampment. * 

JOHN B. SCOTT, 

Chairman. 

F. GEORGE ITELDT, 

Secretary. 



i 



DEPARTMENT OF xMONTANA, G A. R. 25 

REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR. . 



P. R. Dolman, 

Commander: 

I have the honor to sumit the following report which is not at all 
satisfactory to myself, but 1 hope will be received by the Commander as 
the best I can do under existing circumstances. From the inspection of 
seven Posts, I find they have a membership of 279 in good standing. 

Amount of money in hands of Quartermasters — . . $350 83 

Other property owned by the Posts — 1,007 15 

The Posts seem to be in a good, healthy condition, the loss oi mem- 
bership being very light, and mostly from natural causes, and indeed, I am 
lead to believe from the best information at my command, that this will 
hold good throughout the Department. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

T. L. DAVIDSON, 

Inspector. 

Received and placed on file. 

NoTE^The following report of the Inspector for the year 1894, was, by an oversight, 
omitted from the printed proceedings of the lOtli Encampment. 



Columbia, Falls, Montana, April 18th, 1894. 
J. O. Gregg, 

Department Commander: 
Dear Sir and Comrade: 

I have the honor to submit herewith my Annual Report for the year 
closing with the 10th Annual Department Encampment. 

My report is in no way satisfactory to myself owing to its incomplete- 
ness which is no fault of my own. I have spared no time or postage in 
trying to secure reports from my Assistant Inspectors. Montana is a 
big State, and there being no appropriation to defray the expenses of 
Inspector, the duty of inspecting the various posts was assigned to 
Assistant Inspectors. Some of thtm, not seeing the importance of 
prompt and efficient action, have neglected their duty, which necessitates 
my sending incomplete reports. 

On the whole. I think the Department of Montana should be proud 
of her record. It has been difficult to hold our own. The stringency of 
money matters under an Administration over which, seemingly. Provi- 
dence has no control, has made it very hard to keep up the finances of 
the various posts. Yet we have some as loyal and patriotic men and offi- 
cers as ever wore the blue. Our efficient commander has had his heart 
in the work and made a grand rally all along the line. A commanded 
with less zeal and enthusiasm would have lost his "'grip" on his Depart- 
ment under the adverse circumstances which confronted him, and over 
which he has achieved a signal victory for the Department. 

Taking command of a Department in a demoralized condition and a 
depleted treasury, he has brought systematic order out of a chaos, and 
we find a general interest and love of our beloved order increasing as the 



26 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

years come and go. Only two of the assistant inspector's report, "The 
prospect of the post, poor," and I am inclined to think they made their 
report when they were feeling a little blue. 

Every encouragement is given the Woman's Relief Corps, a very val- 
uable adjunct to the G. A. R. 

The Sons of Veterans and Ladies Aid Society receive recognition of 
their worth and merit. We begin to realize that ere long the S. of \. 
and the Ladies Aid Society to the S. of V. will be the only organization 
left to perpetuate the memory of the "boys in blue." Our belief is beau- 
tifully expressed in the language of the poet when he said: 

"But though the veteran vanish their children still remain, 

The deeds of their fathers to cherish, 
And the cause for which we battled our children will maintain, 

And the foes of our banner shall perish. 
For we battled not in vain if still that banner waves, 

Through ages our Nation adorning, 
And loyal hands shall plant it mid the flowers upon our graves. 

'Till the great reveille in the morning.' " 

The assistant adjutant general and assistant quartermaster general 
are efficient officers. Their records and books are kept in a systematic 
and business-like method. With such efficient Department commanders 
as the present, the Department of Montana will come to the front and 
be heard from in the near future. 

Yours in F. C. & L, 

S. E. SNIDER, 
Inspector, Department Montana. 
Thomas C. Iliff, the commander of the Department of Utah, was in- 
troduced by Comrade Jenks and escorted to a seat on the platform. 

On motion of the chaplain the following resolution was read and 
adopted : 

Butte, Mont., April 10th, 1895. 

Resolved, That in the sore bereavement of our eminent and esteemed 
Comrades, Department Commander P. R. Dolman and Past Department 
Commander J. O. Gregg, as a Department we most sincerely sympathize 
with them in that greatest of losses: the decease of their bosom compan- 
ions, and that while we endeavor to appreciate the circumstance and 
would most cheerfully render every possible expression of consolation, 
yet we realize how meager our utmost efforts to adequately demonstrate 
our real sense of feeling and sorrow in the premises, and further, as we 
in common with the bereaved, with beseeming fortitude and reverent 
submission yield to the Divine will as the inevitable in life, draw conso. 
lation from the word of God, and while looking upward, blinded by tears, 
still will pray, "Lord, I believe, help thou my unbelief." That "Thou 
doest all things well." And in the book of thine eternal kingdom where 
earth's suffering and afflictions are past, we shall read in clearer lines as 
the light of eternity opens to our view, heavenly conceptions of the Di- 
vine will, the wisdom and goodness of God, and that we are ever resolved 
to cultivate the common bond of fraternal sympathy, also that we do 
most cordially and heartily concur in the action of the Council of Ad- 
ministration in omitting from the programme of this Encampment the 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 27 

contemplated public reception, to have been given on Tuesday evening, 
April 9th, in respect to the memory of the dead and in sympathy tor the 
bereaved. 

The report of the committee on the Chaplain's report was read and 
adopted as follows: 

April 10th, 1895. 
We, your Committee appointed and to whom was referred the report 
of the Chaplain, beg to recommend that a memorial page be set apart in 
our proceedings, in commemoration of our departed Comrades II. C. 
Walker, W. F. Wheeler, W. O. Gray, Charles Lee and J. P. Jefferis, giv- 
ing age, date of death, service in the army, i. e. name of company and 
regiment. 

To commemorate the death of the beloved wives of the Department 
Commander P. R. Dolman, Past Department Commander J. O. Gregg 
and J. 11. Hilman, Chaplain of Wadsworth Post No. 3. 

We recommend a memorial page appropriately inscribed. 

T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, 
GEO. T. CHAMBERS, 
BENJAMIN F. OSBORN. 

All members of the Encampment and visiting Comrades were re- 
quested to register their names, their army service and present address 
in the book prepared for that purpose. 

A report this day received from G. K. Warren Post No. 20, was rea, 
by the Assistant Adjutant General: also a telegram from John C. Duff, 
Commander, that their twenty members sent greetings to the Encamp- 
ment. 

On motion, it was voted that the sum of $100 be appropriated for the 
payment of the salary of the Assistant Adjutant General for the ensuing 
year, and that a like sum be appropriated for tlie salary of the Assistant 
Quartermaster General for the ensuing year. 

It was voted that the resolution passed at the 10th annual Encamp- 
ment in relation to the candidacy of Past Department Commander J. O. 
Gregg, for Junior Vice Commander in Chief, be renewed. 

The following Comrades were appointed a committee to prepare a 
form for the installation of Department oflBcers, viz.: F. George Ileldt, 
Ed. S. Walker and C. B. Miller, and on motion of T. M. Pierce the com- 
mittee was instructed to submit their report to the Department Com- 
mander, and upon his approval, that the Assistant Adjutant General be 
instructed to have the same printed for the use of the Department at the 
next Encampment. 

Nomination of Officers. 

were appointed tellers. 



Comrade Robert E. Fisk, of Wadsworth Post No. 3, was nominated for 
Commander, and seconded by the representatives of several posts. There 
being no other nominations, the rules were suspended and the Assistant 
Adjutant General cast the ballot of the Encampment, whereupon the 
Junior \'ice Commander, who temporarily occupied the chair, declared 
[I that the Encampment had by their vote, elected Robert E. Fisk Com- 

mander for the ensuing year. 



28 eleventh annual encampment 

Senior Vice Commander. 

Comrades O'Leary and Wisner, both of George G. Meade Post No. 16, 
were placed in nomination for Senior Vice Commander. The Encamp- 
ment then proceeded to ballot, and upon report of the tellers, the Senior 
Vice Commander declared that Timothy O'Leary having received a ma- 
jority of the votes cast, was duly elected. 

Junior Vice Commander. 

Comrade Benj. F. Osborn, of Wm. English Post No. 10, being the 
only Comrade placed in nomination, the Assistant Adjutant General was 
instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for him, thereupon the 
Senior Vice Commander declared that Comrade Benj. F. Osborn was 
elected Junior Vice Commander. 

The hour of noon having arrived, the Encampment took a recess un- 
til 1:30 P.M. 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The Encampment was called to order at 1:30 P. M. A telegram from 
Department Commander P. R. Dolman, was read, expressing regrets at 
his absence; also extracts from a letter from him to the same effect. 

The Encampment then continued the election of officers. 

Medical Examiner. 

On motion of C. B. Miller, of Wadsworth Post No. 3, Comrade Levi 
E. Holmes, of Lincoln Post No. 2, was placed in nomination, and there 
being no other nominations the Assistant Adjutant General was in- 
structed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade Holmes, where- 
upon the Senior Vice Commander declared Levi E. Holmes duly elected 
Medical Director. 

Chaplain. 

On motion of Comrade O'Leary, Comrade Geo. W. Jenkins, of Lin- 
coln Post, was placed in nomination, and the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral instructed to cast the vote of the Encampment for Comrade Jen- 
kins, whereupon the Senior Vice Commander declared Geo. W. Jenkins 
duly elected Chaplain. 

Council of Administration. 

The following named Comrades were nominated as members of the 
Council of Administration, and there being no other nominations, the 
rules were suspended and they were elected by acclamation, viz.: Hiram 
L. Childs, of Frank Blair Post No. 6; H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, of Wad- 
worth Post No. 3; Lyman Loring, of Nat Lyons Post No. 23: George T. 
Chambers, of Farragut Post No. 7: Robert M. Whitefoot, of Wm. Eng- 
lish Post No. 10. 



department of montana, g. a. r. 29 

Representatives to the National Encampment. 

F. Geo. Heldt, of Sheridan Post No. 18, and T. H. Kleinschmidt, of 
Wadsworth Post No. 3, were nominated and unanimously elected repre- 
sentatives to the 29th National Encampment: and Orville F. Parmeter, 
of Custer Post No. 5, and H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, of Wadsworth Post No. 
3, were unanimously elected as alternates. 

The representatives from Wm. English Post No. 10, having extended 
a hearty invitation to the Comrades to hold their next Encampment at 
Bozeman, it was thereupon unanimously voted to accept the invitation 
and to hold the 12th Annual Encampment of the Department of Mon- 
tana at Bozeman. 

Comrade Iliff, Commander of the Department of Utah, then made an 
address. 

It being announced that a committee from the Woman's Eelief 
Corps was in waiting, they were admitted and submitted their report as 
follows: 

Missoula, Mont., April 4th, 1895. 
P. K; Dolman, 

Commander Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic: 

I have the honor to submit to you a report of the relief work of the 

Woman's Relief Corps of this Department: 

There has been expended during the year for the relief of needy 

veterans and their needy ones .$103 15 

Rel ief given other than money 51 00 

Total relief $154 15 

There remains in the General fund $344 00 

There remains in the Relief fund 145 00 

The membership of this Department for the year ending March 31st, 
1895, is 239 against 170 for the year ending March 31st, 1894. Gain of 69 
during the year. 

Turned over to Posts during the year $60 00 

Fraternally submitted, 

FRANCES E. MOORE, 

Department President. 
The report was accepted and ordered printed in the Journal of this 
Encampment. 

At three o'clock P. M. the Encampment took a recess for the parade, 

over a short route, and were escorted by the school cadets, composed of 

200 boys, under command of Superintendent Hendricks, the music being 

the cadet drum corps: the Woman's Relief Corps following in carriages. 

The Encampment reassembled at four o'clock P. M. 



30 



ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Ed. vS. Walkbr. 
William A. Haven. 
Thomas M. Pierce. 
Horatio S. Howell. 
James D. Jenks. 



Installation of Department Officers. 

In the absence of the Chief Mustering Officer, Comrade James D. 
Jenks was appointed Installing Officer. 

The elected officers as follows were then installed: 

Commander, - - Eobert E. Fisk. 

Senior Vice Commander, - Timothy O'Leary. 

Junior Vice Commander, - Benj. F. Osborn. 

Medical Director, - . . Levi E. Holmes. 

Chaplain, Geo. W. Jenkins. 

Council of Administration. 

Hiram L. Childs, 

H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, 

Lyman Loring, 

Geo. T. Chambers, 

Robert M. Whitefoot. 
The Commander announced the following Comrades as staff officers, 
who were then installed: 

Assistant Adjutant General 
Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Judge Advocate, - . . . 

Inspector, 

Chief Mustering Officer, 

The following resolutions were adopted tendering the thanks of the 
Encampment: 

To Superintendent Wharton, of the Street Railway Company, for 
free rides to and from all parts of the city. 

To Superintendent Hendricks and the school children for turning 
out to parade and escort the old soldiers who fought and so nobly pro- 
tected '-Old Glory" in time of trouble. 

To his Honor, E. O. Dugan, mayor of Butte City, in allowing the 
Comrades of the G. A. R. and visiting members the freedom of the city> 
and especially for the free use of the Auditorium for the banquet given 
on the evening of the 10th inst. by Lincoln Post ISo. 2. 

To the Silver Bow and Irish American Clubs for the opening of their 
doors and welcome to enjoy their beautiful apartments. 

To Mrs. Knox for the beautiful boquet given to each Comrade of the 
G. A. R. 

And especially to Lincoln Po'*t No. 2 for the hospitable manner in 
which they have entertained the members, visitors and Comrades 
throughout this Department, and for the banquet given us as we are 
ready to take leave for our homes. 

We extend greetings to Lincoln Corps No. 6 for the token given to 
each one at the banquet in the shape of a handsome celluloid badge. 

Voted that the thanks of the Encampment are hereby tendered to 
the retiring Department officers for their efficient services during the 
past year. 

A vote of thanks was tendered to the several railroad companies of 
the State for the reduced rates of fare granted the Comrades attending 
the Encampment. 

At five o'clock P. M. the Encampment adjourned. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 3 1 

On the evening of April 11th the members of the Encampment, visit- 
ing Comrades and the members of the Woman's Relief Corps were royally 
entertained by Lincoln Post No. 2 and the citizens of Butte by a banquet 
held at the Auditorium. 

The mayor of the city not being able to be present to preside sent the 
following letter: 

Office of E. O. Dug an, Mayor. 

Butte, Mont., April 10th, 1895. 
P. H. Manchester, Esq., 

Chairman G. A. E. Committee, City. 
My Dear Sir: 

I regret exceedingly my inability to be present and meet the mem- 
bers of the G. A. R. and Woman's Belief Corps. Owing to an important 
Council meeting at which the result of the late election will be canvassed 
and other important business will come before us, it will be impossible 
for me to be with you. You will kindly return my thanks to the mem. 
bers of the G. A. R. of our city for their kind invitation and to say to the 
visiting members that although I am unable to be present in person they 
have my very best wishes. I am satisfied that the local members of the 
G. A. R. will take good care of the visitors and that nothing will be left 
undone to make their short visit pleasant and profitable to them. Give 
them my best wishes and say that the people of Butte are proud that 
they have selected our city as the place to hold their convention. 

I wish also to extend my profound sympathy to the Woman's Relief 
Corps for the great loss they have sustained in the death of their beloved 
sister, Helen Carroll Dolman, one of the best ladies that Butte has ever 
seen, always looking after the interests of the sick and poor and what 
she did, she did not do for the purpose of notoriety. My connection with 
the late disastrous explosion placed me in a position to know and to learn 
of the good work she was doing, and I can assure you that many homes 
were made happy by the presence of your beloved sister. Again thank- 
ing you for the honor you have done me, and regreting I cannot be with 
you, I remain. 

Yours very truly, 

E. O. DUGAN, 
Mayor. 



JOHN S. SHAUB. 

THOMAS L. KANE POST No. 12. 
Private Company E., IGlst Ohio. 
Died at Glendive May 6th, 1894. 



ROBERT C. WALKER, 

WADSWORTH POST No. 3. 

Major and Paymaster U. S. Army. 

Died at Salt Lalce City, Utah, June 5, 1894. 



WILLIAM F. WHEELER. 

WADSWORTH POST No. 3. 

Captain Company P., 4th Minnesota Infantry, 

Died at Helena June 25th, 1894. 






JOHN T. JEFFERIS, 

WADSWORTH POST No. 3. 

Quartermaster U. S. Navy. 

Died at Helena, October 25th, 1894. 






CHARLES LEE, 

NAT LYONS POST No. 23, 

Kalispell. 



DAVID P. RICHARDSON, 

FARRAGUT POST No. 7, 

Livingston. 



HELEN C. DOLMAN, 

Wife of Past Department Commander P. R. Dolman, 

Died at Butte, March 27, 1895. 



EMMA F. GREGG, 

Wife of Past Department Commander Joseph O. Gregg, 
Died at Great Falls, Montana, February 3, 1895. 



34 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



General ©rbers. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. E. ) 

Butte, March 26, 1895. \ 
General Orders, } 

No. 8. f 

As announced in previous General Order No. 7, the Eleventh Annual 
Encampment of this Department will be held April 9th and 10th, 1895, 
in Butte City. 

The Encampment will convene in Fidelity Hall on west Broadway at 
10 o'clock A. M. April 9th. 

The Department Commander having applied to the rallrpads of the 
state for reduced rates, has secured the rate of one and one-fifth fare for 
the round trip of fifty or more in attendance. All persons desiring to go 
to Butte to attend the G. A. E. Encampment and W. E. C. Convention 
must purchase one first-class ticket going, taking a receipt from the 
agent, and on returning, said receipt must be signed by the Ass't Adjt. 
General, P. H. Manchester, and on presentation of said receipt (properly 
signed) to the ticket agent in Butte, will entitle them to purchase a 
ticket for one-fifth fare returning within two days after the adjournment 
of the Encampment. 

The Headquarters has been established at the McDermott Hotel. 

The Council of Administration is requested to meet at 8 P. M. on 
April 8th at Headquarters. 

Every Delegate and Alternate should be careful to have their creden- 
tials properly made out and signed before leaving for the Encampment. 
All necessary arrangements are being made by Lincoln Post No. 2, for 
the Encampment. 

By command of 

P. E. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. Manchester, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Depart>ient of Montana, G. A. E. | 

Butte, March 28, 1895. f 
supplement to ) 
General Orders, V 

No. 8. ) 

As we were about to go to press with General Orders No. 8, the 
Assistant Adjutant General, with a deep sense of sorrow, announces 
the death of Mrs. Helen C. Dolman, wife of General Peter E. Dol- 
man, Department Commander, whose death occurred March 27th, 
1895, at 5:15 in the afternoon, Mrs. Dolman being at the time chief 
of staff of the Department of Montana W. E. C. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 35 

The Ass't Adjt. General has telegraphed the J. V. Dept. Comd., 
F. Geo. Heldt, (as the S. V. D, C, R. E. Fisk is absent from the 
state) of Great Falls, to take charge of the Department, as Gen'l 
Dolman will remove the remains of his wife to their old home in 
Missouri. 

If necessary before the encampment meets for the issuance of 
further orders, they will be issued by J. V. Dept. Com'd F. Geo. 
Heldt, until the return of Comrade R. E. Fisk, S. V. Dept. Com'd. 

P. H. Manchester, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. } 

'- - - -J. f 



Butte, March 6, 1895. 



General Orders, | 



No. 7. 

I. The Eleventh Annual Encampment of this Department will be 
held in the G. A. R. Hall, Butte, on Tuesday and Wednesday, April 9th 
and 10th, 1895. 

II. Hotel proprietorshave signified their willingness to grant a re- 
duced rate to all Members of the Encampment and Comrades attending 
the Encampment, also the Woman's Relief Corps and their friends at- 
tending their Convention. 

III. The Railroads of this Department have been applied to for ex- 
cursion rates. As soon as the arrangements are perfected it will be an- 
nounced in a future Order. 

IV. Post Adjutants are requested to ascertain as soon as practicable 
the probable number of Comrades, members of the W. R. C, and visit- 
ing friends at the Encampment, and report same to P. H. Manchester 
A. A. G. 

By command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. Manchester, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. { 

Butte, November 23d, 1894 S 

General Orders, | 

No. 6. j 

I. The 28th National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public was one of the most pleasant held in the history of the organiza- 
tion. The citizens of Pittsburg and Alleghany kept open house during 
our stay with them — those of us who had the pleasure of meeting our 
old comrades under such auspicious surroundings — were repaid many 
times for taking such a long journey. We extend our thanks for such 
elegant entertainment, loyalty to our country is appreciated. 

II. Post Commanders are reminded that the time for the Annual 
Inspections of Posts is at hand. The 27th National Encampment 
amended the rules and regulations regarding inspections, requiring now 



36 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

that an '.nnual inspection of Posts be made between September 1st and 
December 20th of each year. In obedience to this requirement an in- 
spection of Posts will be commenced at once. 

III. Post Commanders will detail a suitable comrade to inspect their 
respective Posts, who will act as assistant inspectors, and make their re- 
ports to Comrade C. C. Davidson, Department Inspector, Anaconda, 
Montana. Blank form H has been forwarded to each Post, which should 
be forwarded immediately after inspection. 

IV. Blank forms A and B have been sent to each Post for the Adju- 
tants and Quartermasters' reports, for the six months ending December 
31st, 1894. 

V. It is hoped that the Commander of each Post in this department 
will see that these reports are made out on the night of the last stated 
meeting in December, for their Post and properly signed and forwarded 
promptly. 

VI. The semi-annual reports of the Post Quartermasters must be 
sent by the Post Commanders direct to the Assistant Quartermaster 
General at Helena. All other reports must be sent to the Assistant Ad- 
jutant General at South Butte. 

By Command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. Manchester, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. J 

Butte, November 10th, 1894. > 
General Orders, { 
No. 5 j 

In accordance with a resolution adopted at the Tenth Session of the 
Annual Encampment of the G. A. R., Department of Montana, held at 
the City of Helena, May 16th and 17th, 1894, it becomes the duty of the 
Department Commander to call the attention of the various-Posts in this 
state to the following law relating to the unlawfully wearing the badge 
of the order: 

Sec. 5 of Art. IX., Rules and Regulations of the G. A. R., provides: 

" No person shall be entitled to wear the badge or button of the G. 
" A. R., unless he is a member in good standing of the Grand Army of 
"the Republic." 

Sec. 119, Fourth Division — Criminal Laws — Compiled Statutes of 
Montana, provides: 

''Any person who shall willfully wear the badge of the Grand Army 

"of the Republic, Knights of Labor, or any other society, or who shall 
" use or wear the same to obtain aid or assistance thereby within this 
" Territory (State), unless he be entitled to use or wear the same under 
" the rules and regulations of the Department of Montana, Grand Army 
"of the Republic, or rules and regulations of any other society, shall be 
"deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be 
"punished by imprisonment of a term not to exceed thirty days in the 
"county jail, or by a iine not to exceed twenty dollars, or by both line 
"and imprisonment." 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



37 



Commanders, Officers, and members of Posts will see that the fore- 
going rules and regulations and laws are strictly enforced, and that all 
persons violating the same are properly dealt with. 

By command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. Manchestek, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. ) 

Butte, Mont., July 15, 1894. \ 
Ggneral Orders. [ 

No. 4. S 

The following Comrades are hereby appointed Aides-de-Camp on the 
Staff of the Department Commander, and will be obeyed and respected 
accordingly: 

I. 
Senior AiDE-DE-CA>rp and Chief of Staff. 



J. H. Jacksen 



Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte 



John Moffit 
Hugh S. Donnelley 
Leav Coleman 
th03ias i'oster 
J. H. Davis 
George Metcalf 
Fred Hopp 
Henry Hellinger 
John B. Gatlin 
Charles N. Smith 
A. A. Marsh 

C. E. Case 
A.P.Hart 
Eber Golder 
E. M. Mitchell 
John McCort 

J. J. Donnelley 
John N. Armstrong 
VV. T. Allison 

D. J. Plu:sie 



Aides-de-Camp. 

Wadsworth Post, No. 3, Helena 

Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena 

George H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge 

Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan 

Frank Blair Post No. 6, Virginia City 

Farragut Post No. 7, Livingston 

Steedman Post No. 8, Dillon 

Wm. English Post No. 10, Bozeman 

Fred Win thro p Post No. 11, Missoula 

Thomas L. Kane Post No. 12, Glenaive 

J. B. McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder 

U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City 

J. A. Logan Post No. 15, Billings 

Geo. G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda 

Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls 

Jas. A. Shields Post No. 19, Lewistown 

- G. K. Warren Post No. 20, Fort Benton 

John C. Fremont Post No. 21, Hamilton 

Burnside Post No. 22, Philipsburg 

Nat Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispell 



II. 

The Department Commander desires to thank Post officers of this 
Department for their effort to get their reports and communications to 
headquarters on time. Vigilance will keep us in the advance as a live 
Department and it is to be hoped in the future our mails will be on time. 



38 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



III. 

The Department Commander announces with sorrow the death of 
Comrade John S. Shaub, Post Commander of Thos. L. Kane Post No. 12. 
G. A. R., Glendive, Montana. Comrade Shaub was a private of Company 
"E" 191st Ohio, during the late civil war, enlisting February 21st, 18e5, 
and was discharged August 27th, 1865, as a private. Was born in Lick- 
ing County, Ohio, in 1847. His patriotic heart swelled with true loyalty 
as it will be seen by the record, that as a boy he shouldered a musket and 
marched to the front as soon as he was old enough to be received in the 
army. Comrade Shaub was mustered into Thomas L. Kane Post April 7th, 
1887, was elected J. Y. C, Dec. 1st, 1887, S. V. C, Dec. 19, 188!>, and Post 
Commander, Dec. 4th, 1890, holding the office of Post Commander con- 
tinuously until he was called to join that noble host of the Grand Army 
of the Republic who have crossed the great river, from whence none re- 
turn. 



IV. 

The time for holding the National Encampment is rapidly approach- 
ing and all Comrades who can lay aside their home duties for a few days, 
should embrace this opportunity to attend. 

By command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 



P. H. MANCHESTER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Department Commander. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. } 

Butte, Mont., June 12. 1894. f 

General Orders, { 
No. 3. S 

I. Blank forms "A and B" have been sent to each Post for the Ad- 
jutants' and Quartermasters' reports, for the six months ending June 
30th, 1894. 

Adjutants and Quartermasters are cautioned not to change any 
figures they may find in red ink on blanks sent them from headquarters. 

II. It is hoped that the Commander of each Post in this Department 
will see that these reports are made out on the night of the last stated 
meeting in June, for their Post and properly signed and forwarded 
promptly. 

III. The serai-annual reports of the Post Quartermasters must be sent 
by the Post Commanders directed to the Assistant Quartermaster Gen- 
eral at Helena. All other reports must be sent to the Assistant Adjutant 
General at Butte. 

The reports from this Department must be at the National Head- 
quarters by July 20th, and it all depends upon the Post officers in send- 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 39 

ing in their reports promptly, for prompt action on their part will enable 
the Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quartermaster General to 
have their reports ready to forward by July 1st. 

By Command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. MANCHESTER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. | 

Butte, Mont., May 22, 1894. \ 

General Orders, | 
No. 2. ^ 

Memorial Day with its time honored observance is now at hand. 
Regulations are so explicit upon this subject, that no formal orders urg- 
ing this sacred duty upon the Posts should be necessary. 

The Annual Encampment of the Department of Montana, G. A. R., 
1893, adopted the following resolutions, as expressive of the sense of the 
Encampment upon the proper observance of Memorial Day: 

"Resolved, That Memorial Day was originated by the Grand Army 
of the Republic, not for the purpose of celebrating the glories of peace, 
but solely to commemorate the patriotism and glorious deeds of those 
who gave their lives as the price of a united country. 

"Remembering the privations, the marches, the battles, the hos- 
pitals and the prison pens which go to make up those dreadful years 
which cost our Comrades their lives, we cannot agree that Memorial Day 
is properly a day of rejoicing, or that it should be entirely given over to 
frivolous enjoyments. 

"Believing this, we ask all citizens to unite with us in keeping the 
observances of Memorial Day within the limits originally intended, to 
the end that the heroic deeds and glorious deaths of our Comrades may 
not seem to be belittled, — and to the further end that patriotism and 
love of country shall be both recognized and encouraged. 

"For the twenty-sixth time since the 30th of May was designated for 
this purpose by Comrade Logan, then Commader-in-Chief, it is our privi- 
lege to render special homage to the memory of our Comrades who an- 
swer to roll-call on earth no more, to pledge ourselves anew in united and 
solemn chorus to the great principles for which they died, and for the 
perpetuation of which this Mighty Order is now maintained. Let no 
grave be unvisited, no Comrade forgotten, and as our children and child- 
ren's children shall ask, "What mean ye by this service?" let us point 
them to the sacrifices of our Comrades whom death has mustered out for- 
ever, and whose devotion to duty made possible this golden era of our 
Nation, which to-day under one flag is marching on to its glorious des- 
tiny: a future assured to this and the coming generations by the conflicts 
and victories of the period which this day recalls and signalizes. Stand- 
ing by these sacred mounds let us urge that never, while the flowers shall 
wake to life; while the released waters shall course from the mountains 
to the sea; while the emancipated earth shall with each returning spring 
wave its banners of green; shall these memorial services be unperformed 



40 ELEVENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

or the achievements they celebrate be forgotten. Let the day be in no 
manner diverted from its true purpose, but let it be made to teach to the 
fullest extent its great lesson of Patriotism." 

It is requested that all members of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and its auxiliaries, all Civic and Military Societies, Public Officials, Citi- 
zens and School Children participate in the solemn services of this day. 

By Command of 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 
P. H. MANCHESTER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



f iBADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. / 

Butte, Montana, May 21, 1894. ( 

General Orders, | 

No. 1. i" 

Having been elected Department Commander for the ensuing year, I 
assume the duties of the office and ask all Comrades to assist me in the 
general vi^elfare and promotion of the Department. Fully realizing that 
without your help individually and collectively, success is impossible 
with your aid I feel assured we will have a prosperous Department. 

The Headquarters of the Department will be located in Butte. 

Official business should be addressed to P. H. Manchester, Assistant 
Adjutant General, Department of Montana, G. A. E., Butte, Montana. 

By order of the Department Encampment, the Assistant Quarter- 
master General's office will remain in Helena. All official business for 
that officer should be addressed to W. A. Haven, Assistant Quartermaster 
General, Helena, Montana. 

P. R. DOLMAN, 

Department Commander. 



DEPARTMENT OFFICERS 

FOR 1895 

Commander, .... ROBERT E. FISK 

HELENA- 

Senior Vice Com>iander, - - TIMOTHY O'LEARY 

ANACONDA. 

Junior Yice Cojoiander, - BENJAMIN F. OSBORN 

BOZEMAN. 

Medical Director, - - - Levi E. HOLMES 

BUTTE. 

Chaplain, .... GEORGE W. JENKINS 

BUTTE. 



STAFF OFFICERS 

Assistant Adjutant General, Ed. S. Walker, Helena. 

Assistant Quartermaster General, William A. Haven, Helena. 

Judge Advocate, Thomas M. Pierce, Bozeman. 

Inspector, Horatio S. Howell, Helena. 
Chief Mustering OflBcer, James D. Jenks, Butte. 



Council of Administration, 

Hiram L. Childs, of Frank Blair Post. 

H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, of Wadsworth Post. 

Lyman Loring, of Nat Lyons Post. 

George T. Chambers, of Farragut Post. 

Robert M. Whitefoot, of Wm. English Post. 



Representatives to National Encampment. 

F. George Heldt, Great Falls. 

Theo. H. Kleinschmidt, Helena. 

Alternates. 

Orville F. Parmeter, Sheridan. 

H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, Helena. 



Department Organized 1885. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



Grand Army of the Republic. 




PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



TWELFTH ANNUAL SESSION, 



HELD AT 



Bozeman, Montana, April 9=10, 1896, 



iSg'S 

INDEPENDENT PUBLISHING CO. 

HELENA, MONTANA. 



■ i 

1 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



Grand Army of the Republic. 




PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



TWELFTH ANNUAL SESSION, 



HELD AT 



Bozeman, Montana, April 9=10, 1896. 



1S96 

IXDEPEXDEXT PUBLISHING CO. 
HELENA, MONTANA. 



J 



JOURNAL^ 



OF THE 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



OF THE 



GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC 

DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Bozeman, Mont., April lo, 1896. 

Pursuant to General Orders Xo. 8, the Annual Encampment, 
Department of ^Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, met at the 
hall of the I. O. O. F. at 10 o'clock a. m., April 9, 1896. 

Encampment- opened in due form with prayer by Chaplain Jenkins 
at 10 o'clock a. m. 

General Orders convening the Encampment were read by the 
Assistant Adjutant General. 

The Department Commander appointed Committees on Creden- 
tials and Order of Business as follows: 



COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

Ed F. Ferris, Wm. English Post, No. 10. 
J. S. Wisner, George G. Meade Post, No. 16. 
W. F. Saflford, Sheridan Post, No. 18. 
Ed S. Walker, Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 



COMMITTEE ON ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

J. G. Sanders, Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 
P. R. Dolman, Lincoln Post, No. 2. 
N. Ebert, Farragut Post, No. 7. 



4 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Department Officers, Past Department Commanders and Staff 
Officers were invited to attend a lunch at the residence of Comrade 
L. S. Willson. 

The Encampment was notified that the Street Railway Company 
extended the privileges of their Company to all comrades in attend- 
ance at the Encampment. 

Recess was taken until 2 p. m. 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 

The Encampment was called to order at 2 p. m. by Commander 
Fisk. 

The report of the Committee on the Order of Business was then 
read, as follows: 

Your Cominittee on Order of Business for the Twelfth Annual 
Encampment, Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, respectfully report and recommend the following to be the 
Order of Business for the Encampment: 

1. Opening of Department Encampment in due form. 

2. Calling Roll of Officers. 

3. Report of Committee on Credentials. 

4. Report of Committee on Order of Business. 

5. Calling Roll of Members. 

6. Report of Officers, beginning with that of the Department 

Commander. 

7. Appointment of proper number of committees of three 

each, to whom shall be referred the reports of Officers. 

8. Reception and reference of Communications from Posts, 

to be called according to seniority. 

9. Reception and reference of Communications from Individ- 

uals. 

10. Reports of Committees. 

11. Unfinished Business. 

12. New Business. 

13. Good of the Order. 

14. Election and Installation of Officers. 

15. Closing Exercises. 

This order of business may be suspended at any time for a definite 
purpose by a two-thirds vote of the members present at the Encamp- 
ment; the vote to be taken on motion for such purpose without 
debate. 

For the purpose of expediting the business of future Encamp- 
ments, it is recommended that a. Committee on Credentials, consist- 
ing of three members (of which the Assistant Adjutant General 
shall be chairman) be appointed by the Department Commander in 
advance of the time of the meeting of the Encampment, to the end 



DEPARTMtCNT OF MONTANA," G. A. R. 5 

that such committee may be ready to present its report of member- 
ship when that particular order of business is reached as recom- 
mended. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. & L. 

JUNIUS G. SANDERS. 

PETER R. DOLMAN. 

NAPOLEON EBERT. 



Roll of ofificers was then called. 

The report of the Committee on Credentials was then read and 
adopted, as follows: 

Commander — Your Committee on Credentials beg leave to report 
dS follows: We have examined the credentials presented and find that 
the following named comrades are entitled to vote at this Encamp- 
ment. We also recommend that delegates from Posts other than 
the Post at the place where the Department Encampment is held 
shall be entitled to cast the votes of absent delegates as a majority of 
them shall determine. 



PAST DEPARTMENT COMMANDERS. 

Thomas P. Fuller. 
Charles S. Warren. 
Ela C. Waters. 
Junius G. Sanders.* 
James E. Calloway. 
Ed F. Ferris.* 
Harry C. Kessler.* 
John L. Sloan. 
J. O. Gregg.* 
Peter R. Dolman.* . 



DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

Commander Robert E. Fisk* 

Senior Vice Commander T. O'Leary* 

Junior Vice-Commander B. F. Osboni* 

Chaplain George W. Jenkins* 

Medical Director Levi E. Holmes 

Assistant Adjutant General Ed S. Walker* 

Quartermaster General W. A. Haven* 

Judge Advocate Thomas M. Pierce* 

Inspector H. S. Howell 

Chief [Mustering Officer J. D. Jenks* 






TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

H. L. Childs. 
H. F. C. Kleinschmidt. 
Lyman Loring.* 
George T. ChamJjers. 
Ro'bert M. Whitefoot.* 



LINCOLN POST, NO. 2. 
Past Commanders. 



PETER R. DOLMAN.* 
JAMES D. JENKS.* 
CHARLES S. WARREN. 
HARRY C. KESSLER.* 
C. S. SHOEMAKER. 
Commander, B. N. BEEBE.* 

Representatives— 
P. H. MANCHESTER. 
S. H. ALMON.* 



W. P. RODEBANK.* 
LEVI E. HOLMES. 
JOHN RAILET.* 
J. H. JACKSON. 
JAMES E. DOT\^D. 
JOHN B. SCOTT. 

Alternates — 
J. B. GLOVER.* 
J. H. SHAW. 



WADSWORTH POST, NO. 3. 
Past Commanders. 



THOMAS p. FULLER. 
ROBERT C. WALLACE. 
JUNIUS G. SANDERS.* 
GEORGE W. SHAW.* 
H. F. C. KLEINSCMHIDT. 
T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. 



ROBERT E. FISK.* 
ED S. WALKER.* 
F. p. STERLING. 
R. A. CRAIG. 
CHARLES F. GAGE.* 
A. p. WEBSTER. 



JAMES H. MILLS, Past Post Commander Geo. H. Thomas Post, No. 4. 
SAMUEL K. FISHEL, Past Post Commander John Buford Post, No. 1. 
A. S. KELLOGG, Past Post Commander J. B. McPherson Post. No. 18. 
L. WHITNEY, Past Post Commander, John A. Logan Post, No. 15.* 
Commander, S. A. SWIGGETTE.* 

Representatives — Alternates — 

J. B. LOOMIS.* JAS. M. PAGE. 

J. R. HILMAN.* A. C. VOTAW. 

C. B. MILLER. H. T. BEVAN.* 

WM. POTTER. D. L. MILES.* 

RICHARD HOBACK. GARRISON REDD.* 



CUSTER POST, NO. 5. 

Past Commanders. 

E. L. DICKINSON. GEORGE W. RIGHTENOUR. 

O. F. f'ARMETER. ELI AS P. T>^Y. 
Commander, T. A. FOSTER. 

Representatives— Alternates— 

G. W. RIGHTENOUR. None reported. 
H. HARDESTY. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, -G. A. R. 

FRANK BLAIR POST, NO. 6. 
Past Commanders. 

JAMES E. CALLOWAY. THOMAS P. COX. 

HENRY N BLAKE. JOHN H. DAVIS. 

STEPHEN GAINAN. JAMES B. HOW. 

EUGENE STARK. SAMUEL PAGE. 

JOHN B. CARRUTHERS. A. E. GLOYD.* 
Commander, H. L. CHILDS. 

Representatives— Alternates — 

JOHN M. KING. H. S. HOWELL. 

WM. COVERLY. A. E. GLOYD.* 



FARRAGUT POST, NO. 7. 

Past Commanders. 

F. W. WRIGHT. H. J. HOPPE. 

PIERCE HOOPES. THOMAS J. MAINS.* 

JOHN SKILLEN. A. B. HICKS. 

GEO. T. CHAMJpERS. WM. H. YEATON.* 
Commander, N. EBERT.* 

Representatives— Alternates — 

POTTER H. FISHER. J. F. LAWRENCE.* 

SOL R. SHRAKE. JOHN DODGE.* 



STEADMAN POST, NO. 8. 
Past Commanders. 



THOMAS LOUGHBRIDGE. OTHO KLEMM. 

BENJAMIN BOND. JOSEPHUS RICH.* 
Commander, FREDERICK HOPPE.* 

Representatives— Alternates— 

BEJAMIN BOND. T. M. O'CONNOR. 

ROBERT McDowell. l. hoffman. 



WM. ENGLISH POST, NO. 10. 
Past Commanders. 

BENJAMIN F. OSBORN.* J. H. NIXON.* 

WM. Y. SMITH.* JOSEPH M. LINDLEY.* 

L. S. WILLSON.* T. M. PIERCE.* 

J. A. Mcelroy. ed f. ferris.* 

CHARLES E. LANCASTER. CHARLES H. SPRAGUE.* 
Commander, A. J. EDSALL.* 

Representatives — Alternates — 

W. S. MATHEWS.* W. F. SANDERS. 

LUTHER FOSTER.* HENRY HELLINGER. 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



FRED WIXTHROP POST, NO. ii. 
Past Commanders. 



JOHN L. SLOAN. 
C. W. LOMBARD. 
ANDREW MOORE. 
Commander, WM. LANDERS. 

Representatives— 
W. H. RAYNOR. 
L. W. GRANTIER. 



W. H. H. DICKINSON.* 
"W. E. BANCROFT. 
SAMUEL BELLEW. 

Alternates — 
G. A. PEASE. 
THOMAS RYAN. 



THOMAS L. KANE POST, NO. 12. 
Past Commanders. 

M. P. WYMAN. JOHN BAMBER. 

CHARLES N. SMITH. JAMES McCORMICK. 
Commander, JAMES S. ALMY. 

Representatives — Alternates — 

CHARLES N. SMITH. J. W. ALLEN. 

JAMES Mccormick. john bamber. 



GEORGE G. MEADE POST, NO. 16. 
Past Commanders. 



A. B. GATES. 

T. C. DAVIDSON.* 

JOHN S. WISNER.* 

Commander, ROGER EDWARDS.* 

Representatives — 
JOHN HALLAHAN. 
W. S. WHITELY, 



JOHN BARRY. 
N. H. MORLEY.* 
EBER GOLDER.* 
AUGUSTUS SHORT.* 

Alternates — 
DENNIS HEFFRON. 
BENJAMIN SWEENEY. 



SHERIDAN POST, NO. 18. 
Past Commanders. 

F. GEORGE HELDT.* J. O. GREGG.* 

FRANK COOMBS. P. H. HUGHS.* 

Commander, W. H. S AFFORD.* JOHN A. CLARKE, 

Representatives — Alternates — 

W. C. McBRATNEY. JAMES GIBSON.* 

D. W. BEECHER. W. E. MAIER. 



JAMES A. SHIELDS POST, NO. 19. 
Past Commanders. 



SAMUEL S. HARPER. 

THOMAS J. FROST. 

JAMES READ. 

Commander, THOMAS J. GREGORY. 

Representatives — 
None reported. 



RICHARD W. NOBLE. 
JOHN McCOURT. 
B. H. BOWMAN. 

Alternates — 
None reported. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA," G. A. R. 9 

G. K. WARREN POST, NO. 20. 
Past Commanders. 

J. J. DONNELLY. Commander, JOHN C. DUFF. 

Representatives — Alternates — 

DANIEL DUTRO. HENRY BROWN. 

W. O. DEXTER. • TERRANCE REILLEY. 

JOHN C FREMONT POST, NO. 21. 
Past Commanders. 

W. B. HARLAND. 
Commander, FREDERICK HOFFMAN, 

Representatives — Alternates — 

H. S. PAGE. NAAMAN JOHNSON. 

GEORGE W. WARD. O .P. GREGG. 

BURNSIDE POST, NO. 22. 
Past Commanders. 

JAMES K. PARDEE. MORRIS SHARPE. 

Commander, P. J. NEFF.* WM. T. ALLISON. 

Representative — Alternates — 

LEE C. DAGENHART.* None reported. 

NAT LYONS POST, NO. 2^. 
Past Commanders. 

D. J. PLUME. R. C. PALMER. 

R. A. ROLLINS. LYMAN LORING.* 

Commander, W. J. SPARKS. 

Representatives — Alternates — 

A. W. SCHONFELDT. W. P. EMMERSON. 

W. J. PLUME. ■ A. KETCHUM. 

GEORGE B. McCLELLAN POST, NO. 24. 

Commander, H. H. GARR. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ED F. FERRIS, 
J. S. WISNER, 
W. H. SAFFORD, 
ED S. WALKER, 

Committee. 
^ Note. — Those marked with a star (*) were present. 

Comrade H. T. Bevan was appointed assistant to the Assistant 
Adjutant General. 

The address of the Department Commander was read and re- 
ceived and referred to the following committee: 

T. O'Learv Post No. 16 

Lyman Loring Post No. 23 

Ed F. Ferris Post No. 10 



10 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

ADDRESS OF DEPARTMENT COMMANDER. 

Not all that moves the heart can be expressed in words on an occa- 
sion Hke this. No language, indeed, can adequately speak the depth 
of feeling of comrade for comrade, when met together as now. Alore 
than eloquence of tongue, the warm grasp of hands tells the abiding 
strength that binds together as one the membership of our exalted 
order. 

Coming from your widely separated homes, you are gathered 
once more in gratifying numbers in Annual Encampment. You are 
cordially welcomed to one of the beautiful cities peace has reared be- 
neath the uplifting mountains of magnificent Montana, and one and 
all of us are glad that this twelfth reunion of the comrades of the 
Department has brought us here. 

For a term that draws near to its qlose, an accounting is due of 
the stewardship of the Department during the past year. The 
period of service has had its pleasures, not less than its trials and 
responsibilities. A great satisfaction has been that opportunity 
presented enabling the Commander to visit numbers of the Posts 
of the Department, and that journeys entered upon, of hundreds 
of miles, have resulted in meeting, socially and officially, many of the 
comrades in distant and isolated sections of the State. 

The year has been signalized by an industrial and financial prostra- 
tion without precedent beyond the immediate years that have pre- 
ceded it. Calamities before unknown in our histor}^ have been 
visited upon our people, and none have suffered more seriously than 
the soldier citizens of the State. Nevertheless, it is gratifying to be 
able to report that the department has been less distressed than antici- 
pated, and that the order to which we are so lovingly and enduringly 
attached has maintained, with comparatively little loss, the integrity' 
of its organization. 

Of acknowledged advantage to the Commander has been the aid 
and assistance rendered by an executive staff that has proved its 
efficiency at all times when the service of active and faithful officers 
were most required. Their reports to be submitted to the Encamp- 
ment are complete in detail, and will present facts and figures in the 
administration of the Department that makes their recapitulation 
unnecessar}'. The Assistant Adjutant General will fully inform you 
of the present strength of the Department and of all matters under 
the province of his office. The Assistant Quartermaster General 
will show the financial conditions wrestled with during the year, and 
the economies so closely studied that whatever debt had to be dealt 
with has been surmounted, and that a surplus remains in the treas- 
ury to be turned over to his successor. Several suggestions of these 
officers are of moment to the order, and the Commander tnists that 
they will have that consideration of the Encampment they seem to 
deserve. 



1 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. , 11 

The reports of other officers of the Staff, inckiding those of the 
Judge Advocate, Inspector and Alusterkig Officers, have been pre- 
pared, and will be submitted to the Encampment in their order. 

The Twenty-ninth National Encampment, convened at Louisville 
in September last, was atl ended by the Commander, Senior Vice, 
Assitant Adjutant General, and other comrades of the Department, 
including Past Commander Gregg. It was the first time since the 
ioundation of the order that the Grand Army assembled south of the 
Ohio. 

In a circular issued after his return, the Commander recounted 
the incidents in part, of the great event that summoned a hundred 
thousand northern comrades to that hospitable southern city. The 
experience of the great host of veterans was, that in the interval of 
thirty years sectional divisions had virtually disappeared; that the 
wide chasm of civil strife yawned no more ; that peace and brotherly 
affection was restored in all the land. Arm in arm tlie blue and the 
butternut marched down upon the old battle-grounds, and together 
tramped over the historic fields of strife. Occurrences, reminiscences, 
tragedies they may have been, that half a lifetime had dimmed, and 
scenes of contention that the passing cycles had made indistinct, were 
revived by those who half remembered and those who have half for- 
gotten. In the grand parade, no Montana comrade at Louisville 
was absent from the ranks, and there were cheers for the banner of 
the Department, and the men who followed it from end to end of the 
line of march. In all manner of ways, it should be said, those who 
were your representatives shared in the hospitality dispensed by the 
people of Kentucky's metropolis, and they were happy they were 
there. Another year, comrades, the Encampment will be nearer our 
homes, and may many of us meet and jubilate in the Capital City of 
Minnesota. 

The State Soldiers' Home is an institution in which the Grand 
Arni}^ is much interested. Your Commander, as an ex-officio mem- 
ber of the Board of Management, can report that some progress has 
been made towards its establishment. The initial appropriations 
provided by the Legislature were $10,000 for purposes of construc- 
tion, and $5,000 and $8,000 respectively for maintenance for the 
years 1895-96. Complying with a provision of the law, the Board 
in July last traversed the State, carefully inspecting the nvimerous 
sites tendered as locations for the home. The site selected is near 
Columbia Falls, in Flathead County, on the line of the Great North- 
ern Railway — in the judgment of the Board a more attractive spot 
and nearer the ideal of a j)lace for such an institution than any other 
offered in IVIontana. Unavoidable delays have occurred in making 
a show of progress with the Home. There was no portion of the 
money in the treasur}^ last year available, preceding appropriations 
having absorbed the total of public revenues. The promise is, how- 
ever, that the present year will see a Home materialize and placed 
in practical operation. Encouraged by the State authorities, the 



Ill TVv'ELFTH AN^TUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Board has accepted plans for the main building, and a contract is 
about to be entered into for die construction work. For this purpose 
$10,000 will be at the disposal of the managers, together with a 
contributed sum that will go a considerable way towards furnishing 
the Home. For maintenance, a portion, at least, of the araounts 
appropriated will be available; all that will be required, it is thought, 
no part of the total of $13,000 provided being convertible into the 
treasury. It is believed that future legislative bodies will provide, 
generously for all needs and requirements of the veterans of the 
State whose disabilities or misfortunes may induce them to become 
family members of the State Soldiers' Home at Columbia Falls. 

The Commander approves and connnends to the consideration 
and action of the Encampment the matter of "picket posts." The 
experiment has been tried and proved successful in one instance at 
least in this Department. The organizing of small bodies of eligible 
recruits into "pickets," subordinate to established posts, is sanc- 
tioned by the experience of a number of Departments. The plan 
operates beneficially wherever it has been tried. In this far-reach- 
ing Department many worthy soldiers are isolated from the regu- 
larly organized Posts, and as much as they desire to do so they 
are precluded from becoming members of the Grand Army. In 
all such cases the remedy seems to be the encouragement of planting 
"pickets," or auxiliary Posts. The method of procedure has been 
outlined by one of the able and zealous Past Commanders, J. O. 
Gregg, who is here present, and will fully enlighten the Encampment 
with respect to this important matter before the sessions are brought 
to a close. 

Our ever honored auxiliary help-mate, the Woman's Relief Corps^ 
is here assembled in convention on concurrent date. To this patri- 
otic organization and its beneficent mission of charity the Grand 
Army of the Republic owes much for the aid and assistance contin- 
ually lent the order in the relief of distressed comrades and their 
families, and in instances without number helping to keep the weaker 
Posts' from falling by the wayside. The comrades will not fail at 
this time, as they have not failed heretofore, to extend to the Corps 
now assembled in Department Convention all the courtesy and atten- 
tion to the members, individually and together, so richly merit at the 
hands of the old soldier. 

There is evidence throughout the Department of Undiminished 
interest in Memorial day. The Grand Army has made the observ- 
ance of this day one of national significance, and participating in its 
patriotic and beautiful exercises every year are larger numbers of our 
citizens in ever\- part of the State. The Womans' Relief Corps is 
largely instrvmiental in making the observance of the day what it 
should be, and its members have rendered themselves indispensible 
to the comrades in programmes of celebration that would be far 
from complete without them. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 13 

Closely associated with Memorial Day is Flag Day. The patri- 
otism exemplified by the fathers should .everywhere be taught to the 
children. The common schools of Montana are in line, and over 
hundreds of school houses in Montana waves the emblem of our 
country, the one flag-, the ever glorious stars and stripes. The Grand 
Army, in encampments, national and department, approves the 
military training of the youth of the land, and here again the 
schools of the State are abreast of the schools of other States in 
instruction to thousands of pupils. A military^ aid to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, whose duty is in this particular direction, is now 
serving in this Department for the first time since its organization. 

The Department badge is a matter that has had the attention of 
the Commander and his Executive Stafif of late. A preceding en- 
campment adopted a design which promises soon to mature in a 
souvenir insignia that the comrades are agreed the Department 
should early possess. Correspondence has been had and negotia- 
tions entered into by which the regulation badge, as adopted, can 
shortly be supplied in quantity and to answer all demands. 

Comrades, the present administration of the Department will 
soon pass to other, and it is hoped, abler and stronger hands. 

Without the asking, without the solicitation of a vote, the en- 
campment of a year ago, by unanimous voice conferred upon me the 
highest honor within its gift to bestow. It is an honor any com- 
rade may well covet, may well aspire to, but the in'stance is one 
when the honor was unsought. Your kind, indulgent discrim- 
ination, it is here proper to confess, is all the more appreciated be- 
cause your act was uninfluenced by any signified wish or will of 
mine. The hope is cherished that no disappointment, no after 
regret, has come to any comrade who meant to compliment me 
with the high preferment of the Commandership. 

The report is finished when it is said that the efTort has been to 
serve the comrades and the interest of the order faithfully from the 
• beginning to the close of the official year. It is with no small degree 
of pleasure and possibly pride that the announcement is made to you 
that of all the Departments, Montana stands first and foremost for 
promptitude with its reports and remittances at Nationad Head- 
quarters. That honorable position is proclaimed by the Adjutant 
General as attained by the Department of Montana in two separate 
acknowledgements, covering both the first and second semi-annual 
reports. To the Executive Staff of the Commander, to the officers 
of the several Posts of the Department, to individual comrades in 
the ranks in a number of cases, is due in large measure the credit 
of the splendid achievement of the past year. Without the active, 
loyal, enthusiastic assistance lent by these agencies, the Grand Army 
of this Department could not have accomplished the work it under- 
took during the term now about to end. 

Thanks to you, comrades, for the high honor you conferred upon 



14 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

me; thanks for the high honor your fealty and co-operation have 
helped to earn for this Department. The Grand Army has no 
members more true, more devoted to the great principles it repre- 
sents — Fraternity, Charity, Loyalty. 
Comrades, Hail to vou, and farewell! 

R. E. FISK, 
Commander. 



REPORT OF THE SENIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

The Senior Vice Commander made a very interesting verbal re- 
port, but unfortunately failed to give the committee a copy of the 
same for publication. 



REPORT OF THE JUNIOR VICE COMMANDER. 

Headquarters, Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Bozeman, Montana, April 9, 1896. 
Commander — Owing to the neglect of my superior officers to 
either die or resign, I have not been required to assume any of the 
responsibilities of the Department; my position has been a sinecure 
— all honor and no work. I return thanks to the Department for the 
honor they conferred one year ago, and hope that the friendly rela- 
tions that have been established will continue. 
Respectfully svtbmitted in F., C. & L., 

BENJ. F. OSBORN, 
Junior Vice Commander. 



REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL. 

Headquarters Department of Montana G. A. R. 
Helena, Montana, April 8, 1896. 

Robert E. Fisk,- Department Commander. 

In compliance with the rules and regulations of our order, I have 
the honor to herewith submit my report of the affairs of this office 
for the year ending December 31, 1895. 

Number of members in good standing December 

31. 1894 524 

Gains during first term — 

By muster in 12 

By transfer 6 

By reinstatement 20 

Total gain during term 38 

562 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 15 

Losses during first term — 

By death 3 

By discharg-e . ; 5 

By transfer 6 

By supension 30 

By dishonorable discharge i 

Total loss during term 45 

Number in good standing June 30, 1895 517 

Gains during second term — 

By muster in 30 

By transfer 6 

By reinstatement 15 

Total gain during term 51 

568 
Losses during second term — 

By death 5 

By transfer 8 

By honorable discharge i 

By suspension 31 

By delinquent reports 39 

By surrender of charter 11 

Total loss for term 95 

Xumber in good standing Dec. 31, 1895 473 

Recapitulation — 

In good standing December 31, 1895 524 

Total gain during year 89 

Aggregate 613 

Losses during year 140 

In good standing Dec. 31, 1895 473 

Net loss for the year 51 

Number of Posts Dec. 31, 1894 19 

Loss by surrender of charter 1 

Loss by delinquent reports 2 

Total loss 3 

Number of Posts in good standing Dec. 31, 1895 16 

Posts lost during the year are J. B. ]\IcPherson Post, No. 13, 
Boulder, by charter surrendered Sept. 5, 1805. 



16 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

U. S. Grant Post, No. 14, ]\liles City, and John A. Logan Post, 
No. 15, Billings, suspended on delinquent reports Dec. 31, 1895. 

This loss, large as it is for this Department, would undoubtedly 
have been greater, as one or two other Posts have evinced a dispo- 
sition to surrender their charters on account of their small numbers, 
and the fact that their membership is so \yidely scattered, had it not 
been for your earnest work in their behalf and the kind words of 
advice from you, altering their first determination, and they are 
"still in the ranks,'' to remain, let us hope, until the final muster out. 

On March 25, 1896, a new post was mustered in at Columbia Falls, 
with a membership of fifteen, and will be known as George B. ^Ic- 
Clellan Post, No. 24. 

There have been sent from these headquarters to the different 
Posts and Department offices, nine general orders, three special 
orders and one circular letter; also a copy of all orders and circular 
letters received from National Headquarters. 

The amount reported as expended for relief during the year is 
$169.25. This doubtless is only a portion of the amount actually 
expended, as but five Posts have made any report under this head. 

In the printing of the proceedings of the Encampment at Butte, 
in April, 1895, the committee on printing, after consulting with 
yourself and other Department officers, deemed it advisable to omit 
the following resolution, offered by Comrade T. 0'Learv% and unan- 
imously adopted by the Encampment, in order that the matter might 
not be brought to the notice of the Commander-in-Chief previous 
t9 the presentation of the gavel: 

RESOLUTION. 

Resolved, That the delegates to the National Encampment, to be 
held at Louisville, be authorized to present, in the name of the 
Department of Montana, to the Commander-in-Chief, a gavel, made 
of copper, gold, silver and Montana sapphires, all to be Montana 
products. 

The sixteen Posts of the Department now in good standing made 
their reports and paid per capita tax for the second term, ending 
Dec. 31, 1895. Of this number one or two failed on a former occa- 
sion, owing to the extremely hard times, to pay their per capita 
tax. I would therefore recommend that the the Encampment to be 
held at Bozeman, a resolution be passed remitting all previous 
arrearages due the Department for per capita tax. 

To the Post Commanders, Adjutants and Quartermasters of this 
Department, I desire to offer my sincere thanks for the courtesies 
received from them, and for their commendable promptness in for- 
warding their several reports to these headquarters, thus enabhng 
this Department to head the list at National Headquarters in the 
matter of reports for both terms of the year 1895, an honor aspired 
to by ever}' Department of the country, but seldom attained. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 17 

The honor justly belongs to the several Commanders, Adjutants 
and Quartermasters for their untiring zeal and promptness, and 
it is to be hoped that their successors for the coming year may be 
equally enthusiastic and prompt in the discharge of their duties. 

Finally to yourself, Commander, to whose zeal and activity much 
of the splendid standing of this Department is attributable, I wish to 
return my hearty thanks for the confidence you have placed in me, 
and the forbearance with which you have passed over my short- 
comings. 

Verv respectfullv and fraternalh-, 

ED S. WALKER, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER 

GENERAL. 

Headquarters, Department of Alontana, G. A. R. 
Helena, Montana, April 9, 1896. 

Robert E. Fisk, Commander. 

I have the honor to submit herewith my annual report as Assist- 
ant Quartermaster General. 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash on hand April 9, 1895 $ 22 76 

Contributions at the nth Encampment 27 75 

Sundr\' persons for "gavel fund'' 58 50 

Quartermasters suppUes sold 70 01 

Per capita tax from Posts 463 50 

Charter G. B. McClellan Post, No. 24 10 00 

Total $652 52 

EXPENDITURES. 

Per capita tax to National Encampment. .. .$ 12 37 
Balance for printing Journal 7th to loth En- 
campments 50 00 

Publishing Journal nth Encampment 55 20 

Printing form of installation of officers 1 1 75 

Printing General Orders 30 25 

Quartermaster's supplies per requisitions .... 57 22 
Printing, postage, stationery and expenses of 

Headquarters and Staff Officers 87 55 

Salaries A. A. G and A. Q. M. G 200 00 

Entertainment of Commander-in-Chief and 

Stafif 55 95 

Expenses on "gavel" 19 85 

Banner, etc., to Louisville and back 9 40 



18 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Department Encampment badges i? 25 

Balance of cash on hand 45 73 

Total $652 52 

I submit herewith statements showing in detail all receipts and 
expenditures, marked exhibits A and B. • 

Consolidating the reports of the Posts for the two terms of 1895, 
I find— 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash on hand Dec. 31, 1894 $ 491 66 

Received from all sources 2,869 5^ 

Total $3,361 22 

DISBL'RSEMENTS. 

Paid per capita tax to Department .$ 463 50 

Paid relief from Post funds I33 50 

Paid transferred to Relief Fund 10 00 

Paid all other disbursements 2,197 36 

Balance on hand 556 86 

Total $3,361 22 

Balance Relief Fund (i Post) 65 98 

VALUE OF POST PROPERTY. 

Cash balance Post funds $ 556 86 

Cash balance relief lunde 65 98 

Value of real estate of Posts 700 00 

Furniture, flags, etc 1,381 06 

Total $2,703 90 

G. K. Warren Post, No. 20, is in arrears for dues for all of 1894, 
and for the first term of 1895. John C. Freemont Post, No. 21, is 
in arrears for du.es for all of 1894, but as both of these Posts have 
been struggling for an existence, and as both of them paid their per 
capita tax for the second term of 1895, I would recommend that 
their past dues be remitted by the Encampment. I recommend 
that a committee be appointed on the first day of the 12th Encamp- 
ment, to report during the session of 1896, to revise the price list for 
Quartermasters supplies. I submit herewith lists giving cost to the 
Department, the present prices charged, and a proposed list of prices. 
I have found during my three years in the office of A. Q. M. G. that 
the high prices charged for badges, buttons, rank straps and the 
necessar}' articles for the Posts to have on hand, has prevented them 
from supplying themselves and the comrades of the G. A. R. If the 
Department can simply reimburse itself for the cost of and expense 
of sending these articles to the Posts, I do not think they should 
seek to nm a store to make a big profit out of the comrades. 



i 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 19 

It will be noted that $67.70 of the expenditures, viz., those for the 
entertainment of the Commander-in-Chief and Staff, and for printing 
the form of installation for Department Officers, are both of such 
an unusual nature that they are not likely to occur again. All bills 
ag-ainst the department to the present time have been paid, and all 
requisitions from Posts have been filled. 

On the 9tli day of March, supplies amounting to $22.40 were fur- 
nished to our new Post, George B. McClellan, No. 24, so as to 
enable tliem to start their work. 

Whether it was from your personal influence, or a renewal of 
the spirit of loyalty to the order, and to each other, I will not say, 
but there seems to have been oil poured upon all of us, so that each 
of your Staff Officers, as well as all the officers of the Posts, have 
worked together the past year in harmony and without any friction, 
and so have enabled you to congratulate the Posts for the honor of 
being twice in one year the first with our reports at National Head- 
quarters. 

I thank you. Commander, and all the Staff and Post Officers, 
for the uniform courtesy and kindness to me during the past year. 

I am especially indebted, not only during the time that he was 
Acting Assistant Quartermaster General, but for the entire time of 
my occupancy of the office to which you appointed me, to Comrade 
Henry T. Bevan for his assistance to me, thus enabling me to keep 
the accounts of the Department straight and to make my reports 
in due season. 

Yours respectfully in F., C. & L., 

W. A. HAVEN, 
Assistant Quartermaster General. 



20 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Exhibit "A.'- 
RECEIPTS. 



NAME OF POST. 



^iPER CAPITA TAX 

pi iS9S. 



June 30 I Dec. 31, 



Lincoln 

Wadsworth 
Custer 



Frank Blair 

Farragut . . 

Steadman 

William Englisii .. 
Fred W:nthrop — 
Tlionxas L. Kane . 
J. B. McPherson . 

U. S. Grant 

Johm A. Logan 

George G. Meade 

Sheridan 

James A. Shields . . 

G. K. Warren 

John C. Freemont 

Burnside 

Nat Lyons 

G. B. McClellan .. 



I i 

3| 
51 



$21 

63 
8 
8 

15 
6 

16 
6 
6 
8 



001 $20 
50 64 



OOj 
ODI 
5o! 
501 
50i 
50 
00 
50 



10 

18 

6 



6 

9 

16 



a 
8 

13 
7 

16 
8 
6 
3 



13 
25 
6 
9 
6 
9 
16 



$226 00 $237 50 



$6 30 

8 60 



9 85 



5 59 

20 80 

1 05 



5 00 

8 46 

3 35 

10 00 



$79 li 



Total from Posts $542 5U 

Badges and rank straps sold officers 1 01 

Contribution of 11th Encampment 27 7 

Contribution for gavel fund 58 •" 

Casih on hand April 9, 1895 22 76 



Total $«52 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



21 



Exhibit "Br 
EXPEXDITURES. 




1895 

Apr. 11 
11 
11 
12 

Jun. 24 

July 24 
24 

Jun. 27 
29 
29 
9 



Butte Printing Co 



July 



balance on Journal . . 

2|Standard Man. & P. Co., general orders 

Sjlndependent Pub. Co., stamped envelopes 

4) J. W. Burst, Q. M. G., req. for su 

5; Jessie Fowler, for typewriting 

6|Ind. Pub. Co., rosters and envelopes 

TjState Pub. Co., general orders 

8 W. A. Haven, sundry expenses 

9]Ed S. Walker, one quarter salary A. A. G.. 
10 
11 



9il2 



3123 Nor. Pac. Ex. 
Sept. l!24 Ed S. Walker, 
1325 Ind. Pub. Co. 
14 26iW. A. Haven. 
14 27 W\ A. Haven. 



iW. A. Haven, one quarter salary A. Q. M. G 

Ind. Pub. Co., envelopes and postage 

Helena Book & Sta. Co., record book and ink 

lOiaiR. C. Wallace, box cigars, entertainment 

81141 J. W. Burst, per capita tax 

13115 Helena Hotel Co., entertainment Commander-in-Chief 
Aug. ISjlS Helena Hotel Co., entertainment Commander-in-Chief 

15il6i Herald Pub. Co., telegrams Commander-in-Chief 

15|17 The Frank Pub. Co., circulars 

1418;State Pub. Co., Journal 11th Encampment 

19 19 J. W. Burst, req. for supplies 

2S20:Sands Bros., ribbons, etc., for delegate to Louisville .. 

30 21 Helena Lapidary Co.. two sapphires, etc., gavel 

30:22 Nor. Pac. Ex. Co.. banner to Louisville 

Co., gavel expressage 

acct. quar. salarj' 

stamped envelopes 

sundry expenses -. 

2d quar. salary 

20 28 Great Nor. Ex. Co.. banner from Lou is%ille 

20i29| Helena Cab & Trans. Co., hack hire 

Oct. 24!.30 A. J. Burbank, Esq.. req. for supplies 

Nov.22i3lA. J. Burbank. req. for supplies — 

20 32 L. J. Wells, 1 doz. roses Commander-in-Chief 

Dec. 3 33 Ind. Pub. Co.. envelopes ; 

12 24 Ed S. Walker, 3d quar. salary 

19 34 Ind. Pub. Co.. stamped envelopes 

20 18iState Pub. Co., balance on Journal Uth Encampment 

12 24 Ed S. Walker, 2d quar. salary... 

26 36 W. A. Haven. 3d quar. salary 

26 37 Frank Pub. Co.. 100 circulars 

1896 I i 

Jan. 2 38 A. J. Burbank. per capita tax 

2139 Ed S. ^^'alker. 4th quar. salary 

2'40iW. A. Haven, 4th quar. salary 

sUliThe Frank-Craig Pub. Co.. inst. officers 

6 42 W. A. Haven, sundry expenses ., 

18!43'Benson. Carpenter & Co.. frt. and cartage 

14|44!lnd. Pub. Co.. 400 blank credentials 

typewriting, etc 

200 Encampment badges 

req. for supplies 

general orders 

& Co.. general ord-rs 



Feb. 

17 45 Mifs M. ^\'ells, 
17'C. S. Cole & Co.. 

18 47 A. J. Burbank, 
Mar. 5 48 State Pub. Co., 

1449 H. S. Thurber 



Apr. 6 50'W. A. Haven, expenses A. Q. M. G. 



] j$606 79 

■ Balance cash on hand in Montana National Bank. Helena • 45 73 

I I 

i . $652 52 



W. A. HAVEN, 
Assistant Ouartermaster General. 



22 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

REPORT OF THE CHAPLAIN. 

Stevensville, Mont, April i, 1896. 
Robert E. Fisk, Department Commander Montana G. A. R., and 
Comrades. 

We have reached another annual camping ground in the grand 
and inevitable march of life. Doubtless that march has had its 
smootli plains, rugged roads, towering cliffs and obstacles common 
in the campaign of life. But we are here with great reason for 
profound gratitude to the Giver of all Good, for alike the sunshine 
and shadow. 

In Januar)- I sent out communications to the several Chaplains 
of the respective Posts throughout the Department, and would take 
occasion to say that the responses were prompt and exceedingly 
interesting, and in general very encouraging as regards the con- 
dition of work throughout the field. The report of the Inspector 
General, however, will cover much of the information along the 
lines indicated as contained in the statements concerning the gen- 
eral prosperity of the order. 

Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte, John Raley, Chaplain; George H. 
Thomas Post, No. 4, Deer Lodge, H. H. Zenor reporting; W'm. 
English Post, No. 10, Bozeman, J. C. Lamb, Chaplain; Fort Custer 
Post, I. Newton Ritter, Chaplain; Thomas L. Kane Post, No. 12, 
Glendive, James McCormick, Adjutant, reporting; John C. Fremont 
Post, No. 21, Hamilton, O. P. Gregg, Chaplain; Burnside Post, No. 
22, Phillipsburg, W. T. Allison, Chaplain; all report no deaths of 
comrades or old soldiers; Fred Winthrop Post, No. 11, Missoula, 
J. L. Sloan, Adjutant; reports the death of James E. Fletcher, Co. 
L., 3d Wisconsin Infantry; Sheridan Post, No. 18, Great Falls, J. 
Epler, Chaplain, reports the death of four old soldiers, J. E. Nunn, 
J. J. Hall, W. H. Merritt and H. H. Lippencott; Farragut Post, No. 
7, Livingston, A. Ristenblatt, Chaplain, reports three deaths of 
comrades, H. H. Hoppe, Past Adjutant M. G.; W. H. Redfield, Post 
Chaplain, and Thomas Gait, Past Surgeon of the Post, and two old 
soldiers, Clunney and Noah F. Brown ; and Wadsworth Post, No. 3, 
Helena, J. R. Hilman, Chaplain, reports three deaths, J. A. Fletcher, 
Co. E, Wisconsin Cavalry regiment; Joseph H. Soudant, Co. D, 
Massachusetts Infantr\-, and Abraham Thomas, Co. A, Ohio Cav- 
alr}-; Steadman Post, No. 8, Dillon. Thomas Lochridge, Chaplain, 
reports the death of Comrade Straub. 

The reports of fatalities for the past year show an increase of 
eight over last year. This proves that the battle of oncoming years 
is sweeping rank and file, and that soon we shall all cross the Great 
Divide, store our arms and knapsacks in the final armory and enter 
eternal quarters. ]\Iay God grant that our quarters may be amid 
the celestial plains of glory, hard by the throne of God. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 23 

"On the Happy Golden Shore, 
Where the faithful part no more, 
When the storms of life are o'er, 

Meet nje there; 
Where the night dissolves away, 
Into pure and perfect day, 
I am going home to stay. 
Meet me there. 

"Here our fondest hopes are vain. 
Dearest links are rent in twain ; 
But in heaven no throb of pain. 

Meet me there; 
By the river sparkling bright. 
In the City of Delight, 
Where our faith is lost in sight. 

Meet me there. 

"Where the harps of angels ring, 
And the blest forever sing. 
In the palace of the King, 

Meet me there; 
Where in sweet communion blend 
Heart with heart and friend with friend, 
In a world that ne'er shall end. 
Meet me there." 

It is worthy of notice that ]Memorial Day was very generally ob- 
served throughout the Department and the exercises were of a most 
interesting and impressive character. It is a source of great satis- 
faction to the old soldiers to see the enthusiasm with which the day 
of all others to him is the most sacred, is observed by the oncoming 
generation and a grateful nation. 

The union of the Blue and the Gray at the last National Encamp- 
ment is a most hopeful indication of a fully united country, and 
yet the ever-existing superiority of the Blue must never be forgotten 
or obscured by the glamour of political gush and sycophancy. Some, 
who like curs, barked at our heels during the struggle and talked 
about "Lincoln's Hirelings" and "Heartless Hordes," ought not 
to be taken too closely into our bosoms, lest the copperhead pene- 
trate the nation with its poisonous fangs and disrupting influence. 
"Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty." 

It too often happens that designing demagogues put on an air of 
extreme charity while hiding beneath a robe of hypocrisy the cloven 
foot. The brave soldier ever respects the conquered foe who was 
worthy of his steel, but at the same time feels a deep sense of loyal 
pride that his cause has won. This is a privilege, and no man shall 
make our vaunting vain, or rob us of a single scintillation of our 



24 TWELFr.^! A.N.;^..^ LIXCAMPMENT 

glorious triumph over anarchy and secession, the embodiment of 
national ruin. Palsied be the hand and tongue that would undo <^he 
work of those dreadful years of conflict, or tend to sever the union 
cord, composed of three strands, Fraternity, Charit}* and j.X3}alty, 
wound together by loyal hands and cemented by blood. The lan- 
guage of tne Irish bard. Sir Thomas Moore, in his "Miriam's Song," 
is in point when he says: 

"Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea! 
Jehovah has triumphed — His people are free. 
Sing, for the pride of the tyrant is broken. 
His chariots and horsemen, all splendid and brave. 
How vain was their boasting — the Lord has but spoken, 
And chariots and horsemen are sunk in the wave. 
Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea! 
Jehovah has spoken, his people are free." 

Respectfullv submitted, 

GEO. W. JENKINS, 
Department Chaplain. 



REPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 

Bozeman, Mont., April 9, 1896. 
Commander Robert E. Fisk, Department of the Grand Army of the 

Republic of the State of Montana. 

I herewith submit the following report: 

During the year the duties of my office have not been laborious, 
having been called upon to render but two opinions, however, these 
covering a number of questions. 

The first was upon certain questions submitted by our Department 
Quartermaster, W'm. A. Haven. The following are the questions 
and answers: 

First — Are the compilers of the proceedings of the Department 
Encampment authorized to coriect the report of the Committee on 
Credentials as to members of the Department not elective delegates? 

Answer. Yes, to conform to the record of the'Department, and 
as to any manifest errors in relation thereto. 

The Committee on Credentials, as I understand the rules and 
regulations, have power in the first instance only to pass upon the 
credentials of the elective delegates. These are the only members 
required to produce credentials. Article II, Chapter 2, Rules and 
Regulations. No credentials are required as to other members of 
the Department, such as Past Department Commanders, officers of 
the Department and Past J'ost Commanders. These are what might 
be termed the ex-officio members, and while the Committee on Cre- 
dentials may report on the name of such members, yet an omission 
would not deprive the omitted member of his rights. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 25 

' Second — Is Ela C. Waters, P. D. C, who now resides in Wis- 
consin, a member of the Department? 

Answer. Yes, if in good standing in this Department, or any 
Post of this Department, to which he may have been transferred. 

Third — Does the failure of a Post Adjutant to report Past Post 
Commander in his report prior to the meeting of the Encampment 
deprive such Past Post Commander of his right as a member of the 
Department ? 

Answer. Xo; he is by virtue of his rank a member of the De- 
partment, and a faikire of the Post Adjutant to report him cannot 
deprive him of his right and honor. 

Fourth — Where a Post has surrendered its charter and a Past 
Post Commander is transferred to another Post of the Depart- 
ment and in good standing, is he a member of the Department? 

Answer. Yes; P. P. 49-15 page 133 Blue Book. 

Fifth — What Post does such Past Post Commander represent in 
the Department? 

Answer. Not necessarily any particular Post. Such member of 
the Department acts individually; he is in the nature of a delegate at 
large. However, it would be proper to credit him to the Post in 
which he then holds his membership, but to show that such member 
was a member of the Department Encampment, it should also appear 

that he is "Past Post Commander of Post, No.. ., Charter 

Surrendered." Such member would naturally be expected to act in 
the interest of the Post to which he belonged, and would probably 
do so, but as you have said the records should show his honor and 
his right as a member of the Department. 

The second opinion was as to the elegibility of an applicant for 
admission to Wadsworth Post, No. 3, submitted through A. A. G. Ed 
S. Walker, and is as follows: 

H. A. LehndorfT makes application to be mustered as a member 
of Wadsworth Post, No. 3, Department Montana G. A. R. 

The applicant claims to have been duly enrolled in Co. C, nth 
Regiment Enrolled Missouri Militia, on the 4th day of June, 1864, 
and was relieved from active service March 12, 1865. Xo written 
discharges were given to members of said organization. No offi- 
cial record evidence is furnished to show that applicant ever served 
in such organization. However, a certificate of the Captain of his 
Company, and of the Adjutant of his Regiment, accompany his 
application. 

I am of the opinion that this certificate is prima facie evidence 
that the applicant served as claimed, and were proof of such evidence 
as stated in the certificate all that was necessar}-, the members of 
Wadsworth Post might be satisfied with such proof, and admit 
applicant to muster, but sucli proof is not all that is essential under 
Article 1\, Chapter i, of Rules and Regulations. In order for an 
applicant of this character to be admitted as a member of the 
G. A. R. it must appear that his Regiment was called into active 



J56 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

service and subject to the orders of the United States General 
Officers bet^veen April 12, 1861, and April 9, 1865. The proof of 
such fact should be made in such a way as to fully satisfy the 
members of the Post to which the applicant applies. 

If the nth Regiment Enrolled ^Missouri Militia was at any time 
between the dates mentioned called into active service, and subject 
to the order of the United States' General Officers, then applicant 
would be eligible. It seems to me that the status of such Regiment 
at the date named could be ascertained from the record in the office 
of the Adjutant General of the State of Missouri, or there might be 
records in the reports of the General Officers of the United States 
in command at St. Louis at the time applicant claims to have been 
in active service. Such proof must be furnished before applicant 
can be mustered. See Blue Book, 1893, pages 39 and 40. 

However much I should like to see ever\' one of Missouri's 
thrice loyal Dutchmen (Fight mit Siegel) become members of the 
G. A. R., yet I am clearly of the opinion that the evidence is not 
sufficient to admit the ipplicant, H. A. Lohndorff, to muster. 

In closing this report I desire to extend my thanks to all the 
officers of the Department for their uniform courtesies, and ei^pe- 
cially to our Department Quartermaster, W. A. Haven, for valuable 
favors received. 

Respectfullv submitted, 

T. M. PIERCE, 
Judge Advocate. 



REPORT OF THE MUSTERING OFFICER. 

Butte, ISIont, April 9, 1896. 
Ed S. Walker, Assistant Adjutant General Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

Comrade — I have the honor to submit my report as ^^lustering 
Officer of the Department of ]\Iontana, Grand Army of the Re- 
public. 

George B. ]\IcClellan Post, Xo. 24, Columbia Falls, has been 
mustered in with 15 chai'ter members. See report of Comrade 
Lyman Loring, detailed co muster in Post. His* report is as fol- 
lows, to-w4t: 
Chief Mustering Officer James D. Jenks, Butte. Mont. 

Comrade — I have the honor to herewith submit my report as 
Department Mustering Officer of George B. McClellan Post. X^o. 
24, Department of Montana, at Columbia Falls. X^iunber of 
members, 15. The following officers were elected and installed: 

Comrade H. H. Garr, Commander. 

Comrade Thomas Clayton, Senior \^ice Commander. 

Comrade T. B. Conklin. jr.. Junior A'ice Commander. 

Comrade H. H.-Herrick, Quartermaster. 

Comrade Thomas Carroll. Surgeon. 

Comrade C. E. Burgoync, Chaplain. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 27 

Comrade D. A. Snyder, Officer of the Day. 
Comrade J. W. Hooper, Officer of the Guard. 
Comrade R. F. Tate, Adjutant. 
Comrade H. A. Miller, Quartermaster Sargeant. 
Date of Muster, March 25, 1896. 
Respectfully submitted in F., C. & L., 

LYMAX LORING. 
No other business has ]}cn transacted in the office. 
Respectfully submitted in F., C. & L., 

J. D. JENKS, 
Mustering Officer Department of Montana G. A. R. 



REPORT OF DELEGATE TO NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

Comrades — At the nth Annual Encampment of this Department 
I was honored by being elected a delegate to the 29th National 
Encampment, to be held at Louisville, Ky., Sept. 10, 1895. 

In company with Past Department Commander Gregg, we left 
Great Falls on the morning of September 5th, arriving in Louisville 
on the morning of the 9th, ana at once proceeded to the Montana 
Headquarters, which had been secured in advance by Department 
Commander Fisk. 

The first thing that caught the eye upon approaching the' city was 
the profuse display of bunting and stars and stripes. It seemed as 
though a cloud in the heavens, loaded with flags and bunting, ex- 
tending over the entire city, had burst and dropped its cargo. 

At night the illumination b}' electric light in red, white and blue 
was simply beyond description. Lincoln, Grant and the American 
■eagle were all produced by electric light. 

Col. Henr}' Watterson, of the Louisville Courier-Journal, an ex- 
Confederate officer, made the address of welcome at the opening of 
the Encampment, and General Warner, of Missouri, replied on 
behalf of the G. A. R. I am satisfied that ever\' one present felt 
that the boys who wore the Gray are eager to take the hand of 
those who wore the Blue and say, "One country and one flag," 
we are your friends, accept our friendship and our hearts will be 
glad. 

I have always contended " that a more generous and hospitable 
people than Montana has could not be found anywhere, but to 
excel the generosity, hospitality and good fellowship that was ex- 
hibited by the people of Louisville towards the G. A. R. on the 
occasion of the 29th National Encampment would require an effort 
to the utmost, even of the people of 5lontana, which is the highest 
compliment I can pay to the Louisville people on that score. In 
short, it was a convivial meeting of the N^orth and South in its 
broadest sense, inspired by the people of Louisville. 

At the conclusion of Col. Watterson's address he stepped to the 
rear of the platform, where Mrs. John A. Logan was seated. As 



28 TWELFTH ANNUAL, ENCAMPMENT 

he approached the widow of the distinguished soldier, she grasped 
Col. VVatterson's hand and in a trembUng voice thanked him for the 
sentiments that he had expressed and said she only regretted that 
her husband was not alive to witness this union. 

To describe the affecting scene which took place during the 
address of Gen. Wamer, 1 quote from the .Louisville Courier-jour- 
nal, as follows: "During Gen. Warner's speech a dramatic incident 
occurred. In speaking of the sectional feeling that was dying 
away, he stepped over and grasped the hand of Mr. Watterson, 
who was sitting beside Gen. Palmer in front of the desk of Adju- 
tant General Jones. Mr. Watterson was to his feet in an instant, 
and as the two stood with clasped hands the crowd went wild with 
excitement and cheer after cheer went up." 

* * * * >;-- * >|s :}: ;!: * 

After the reading of the poems. Gen. O'Leary, in a speech which 
was a credit to the Department of Montana, also to the State of 
Montana, presented the gavel to the Commander-in-Chief. The 
gavel was on exhibition tor several days and was seen by thou- 
sands of people from all parts of the United States, who will speak 
of it to their friends at home. 

There were entertainments, excursions, banquets, receptions in- 
numerable, to which the members of the Encampment were in- 
vited. We made an effort to attend the W. R. C. reception, but the 
throng was so great that we were compelled to forego the pleasure 
of paying our respects to the distinguished ladies. 

Ihe reception given by the ladies of Louisville at the Auditorium 
to meet Mrs. Logan, Commander-in-Chief Lawler, the Mayor and 
wife, we availed ourselves of, and I assure you it was a magnificent 
affair. 

The parade, although the march was comparatively short, was 
nevertheless a big one. It is estimated that 45,000 were in line. 
Montana took position assigned on a side street (to fall in the 
column when the division preceding it passed) at 9:30 a. m., and it 
was 2 p. m. before our turn Cc,me to fall in, and there were several 
divisions behind the one 'o which Montana was attached. 

The march was about two miles long. Montana had only six 
.in line. It was very warm, yes, hot, and we all carried umljrellas. 
Though few in number. Montana made a fine appearance — that is, 
in style and intellectually. 

Many cheers went up for Montana. One fellow remarked: 
"There ain't many of them, but they're dandies! Hurrah for Mon- 
tana!" Another said: "Why didn't j^ou bring some snowballs with 
you to keep cool?" This remark had a very favorable effect, 
reducing our temperature froni 105 to 85. 

The accidental explosion of a caisson, while going out to fire a 
salute, which resulted in the death of five of Louisville's brave mil- 
itary boys, without a moment's notice, cast a gloom over the 
Encampment and the entire city. How the accident occurred, no 
one seemed to be able to satisfactorily explain. In honor of those 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 29 

who thus lost their Hves, and in respect to the hving comrades and 
citizens of Louisville, the Commander-in-Chief detailed one com- 
rade from each Department to attend the funeral. With the ex- 
ception of this most lamentable accident, nothing occurred to mar 
the pleasvire of the Encampment. 

Respectfully, in F., C. & L., 

F. GEO HELDT. 



INSPECTOR'S REPORT. 

Helena, Mont, April 9, 1896. 

Ed S. Walker, Assistant Adjutant General, Department of Mon- 
tana, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Sir — In compliance with the requirements of Section 10, Article 
VI, Chapter 3, of the Rules and Regulations, I have the honor to" 
submit a report of the operations of the office of Inspector of the 
Department during the past year. 

The Posts being few in number, the report must necessarily be 
short, but happil}' for those present, it will take less time to read. 

I was much pleased at the prompt compliance with the order from 
Department Headquarters directing the inspection to be made, 
and at the full and complete reports made by the Post Inspectors. 
All were received in fairly good season, and none were returned for 
correction. 

The consolidated report made by me gives a membership of the 
Grand Army in this Department of 473, being the same as that 
reported by the Adjutant General. It also shows that to a great 
extent the officers and members are regular in their attendance and 
that they exhibit an interest in their Posts, that the records are com- 
plete and well kept, that orders are regularly received, read and 
duly observed, and that all reports and dues have been forwarded. 

The amounts charged tor muster-in fees and for annual dues vary 
considerably. I find that for muster-in four Posts charge $5, 
eight charge $3, two charge $2.50, one $2, and one $1, an average 
of $3.25. Annual dues: two I'osts charge $6, six charge $4, six $3 
and two $2, an average if the whole of $3.62 1-2. The average is 
well enovtgh, but it sems to me that under present circumstances 
any muster-in fee below $3 is too low, and annual dues of more 
than $4 per year are too high; $3, or even $2, if the Post could 
live on it, would be better. 

I write these things, not because I am anxious to give an opinion 
in the matter, nor with the idea that it is of any particular value when 
given, but for the information of the comrades generally, as I 
know of no better way of getting at a thing properly than by 
knowing what others do under the same conditions. 

Only one Post reports a relief fund, but considerable amounts 
were expended by others for charitable purposes. Nearly all the 
school houses are supplied with flags, and all Posts but one have 



30 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

more or less property, ranging in value from $5 to more than $800, 
The future prospects of rhe posts also van,-. Four report them 
good, ten fair, one poor and one pretty slim. 

On the whole, I consider the reports as reasonably encouraging. 
The main trouble would seem to be the small membership, but I 
am inclined to the opinion that in the nature of things the Grand 
Army of the Republic will last as long in ^^lontana as in any other 
Department. The increase of population from emigration from the 
older States, among which there will be a certain percentage of old 
soldiers, will increase the number of comrades in the Posts, or at 
least enable us to hold our own for a long time to come. 
I am, sir. verv trulv vours. 

H. S. HOWELL, 
Department Inspector. 



The Encampment was next entertained by an address by Chap- 
lain-in-Chief Iliflf. 

The Commander appointed the following committee on reports 
oi Senior \'ice Commander and Junior Vice Commander: J. O. 
Gregg, C. F. Gage, W. P. Rodebank. 

On Report of Chaplain, Judge Advocate and Inspector: R. H. 
Lindley. W. H. H. Dickinson. 

Committee on all other reports: F. George Heldt, X. Ebert, 
Josephus Rich. 

The committee appointed at the nth Encampment to prepare 
a form for Installation of Officers for this Department, reported 
that they had prepared such a form, which had beetj approved by 
the Department Commander and printed. 

The Encampment then took a recess until 9:30, April 10. 



FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1896. 

The Encampment came to order at 9 :30 o'clock a. m. 
The following report of the Council of Administration was then 
read and unanimously adopted: 

Bozeman, ^lont, April 6, 1896. 
To the Department Commander of the Department of Montana, 

in 1 2th Annual Encampment. 

The Council of Administration, to whom was referred the reports 
of the Assistant Adjutant General and the Assistant Quartermaster 
General, respectfully report that they have examined the reports of 
these officers, and find them to be correct in fact and statement. 
They carefully examined the accounts of the Assistant Quarter- 
master General, with receipted vouchers, and find the report sub- 
mitted by him to the Department Encampment to be correct in all 
its details. The balance reported on hand we find to be the true 
balance, and the whole amount for which he is chargeable, and as 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 31 

Comrade W. A. Haven, vvho has served this Department as Assist- 
ant Quartermaster General during the past three years and a part of 
another, where he found the affairs of the office in chaos, is about 
to leave this Department for busniess reasons, we take this oppor- 
tunity, as the Council of Administration, having had business rela- 
tions with him, that we have found him thorough in business meth- 
ods, every detail of the work of his office was carefully attended to, 
although made up of petty items, and the money coming into his 
hands kept as a sacred .rust, even^ cent being always on hand, 
entered and accounted for. 

We regret the loss the Department will meet with in the departure 
of Comrade Haven trcm among us, and extend to him the thanks 
of the entire membership of the Grand Army of the Department 
of Montana for his uniform courtesy and the promptness and fidelity 
with which he responded to every call of duty as a Comrade in this 
Department. 

The Council of Administration recommend that the arrears of 
dues of the G. K. Warren Fost, Xo. 20, and John C. Freemont 
Post, Xo. 21, be remitted. We recommend that the schedule of prices 
for supplies recommended by the Assistant Quartermaster General 
be adopted. 

The report of the committee on the address of the Department 
Commander was then read and adopted unanimously. 



Bozeman, Mont, April 9, 1896. 
To the 1 2th Department Encampment of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Department of Montana. 

Your committee, to whom was referred the annual address of the 
Department Commander, respectfully report that we find more than 
ample foundation for his commendation of the good work of the 
Department Staff during the past year, in the excellent record of 
this Department, and in the promptitude in the making and the 
general excellence of the reports of the membership of the Stafif. 

That the incidents attending the Xational Encampment at Louis- 
ville, Ky., discloses that the men who fought against us for seces- 
sion are to-day true and loyal upholders of tlie Union of the States, 
that their love of the flag of the nation is no less than ours is to 
us, the most pleasing news. It was for this our comrades died. It 
was for this we left our homes and employments to do battle, with no 
hatred and only in a sense of duty to our common country did we 
enter upon our campaign, and when success crowned our efforts 
we left our foes masters of the field, to work out their own destiny 
within their self-formed laws. Our duty done as soldiers of the 
Republic,, we returned to our employments. No badge of the 
conquered was forged by our hands; our prisoners shared alike in 
our rights and liberties. That they have come to share in our love 
of the Union and its Flag we rejoice, and welcome them with no 
jealousies, but that they love not with a greater love. It is the 



32 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

vindication of our dead comrades; it is the evidence that they did 
not die in vain. Their blood did indeed cement the Union, and 
we rejoice in the fact that <Jie report of the Department Commander 
tells us that that for which we fought is accomplished. Our coun- 
try a unit. 

Your committee expresses a gratification that the report of the 
Commander gives us assurance that the Soldiers' Home will soon 
be ready to receive the Comrades needing its refuge, that the dis- 
grace of having those .vho willingly gave their service in the 
Xation's peril, at the age when such service would have been most 
profitable to themselves in making provisions against age and 
misfortune, gave willing service when service meant disease that 
unfits for the struggles of life, and with this burden of disease too 
often the result of the service they had undertaken, unable to meet 
the sharp competitions of life, fell by the roadside and driven to rely 
upon the mean charity of pauperism ; that the disgraceful exhibition 
to our children^ upon whom the Republic must rely for its future 
defenders, of seeing within the shadow of the flags floating upon 
the school houses the volunteer defenders of that flag paupers, 
largely by reason of disease acquired in such defense. That this 
disgrace will soon be wiped cut m Montana, and that an honorable 
Home will be provided for unfortunate defenders of the flag. 

We approve of the recommendation of the organization of 
picket posts in this Department, and that a committee be appointed 
to prepare rules for the government of such Posts. 

We approve of the commendation of the organization known as 
the ^^'oman's Relief Corps, and recommend a closer affiliation 
with this valuable auxilia'^y in the works of charity, which is the 
Central Pillar of our Society. 

We approve of the recommendation that greater efforts be made 
by the several Posts in the observance of ]^Iemorial Day. It is fast 
becoming a national custom; we can make it so in fact by a little 
more effort in the time given us to create the sentiment. 

We recommend the works of the Commander during his term 
of office, and when he says to us, "Hail to you and farewell," we 
should say in reply, "Hail, good and faithful servant; you have 
been faithful; you have proven w'Orthy of the trust given you. 
Mav vou meet with due reward.'' 

T. O'LEARY, 

ly:\iax lorixg. 
ed f. ferris, 

Committee. 



The report of the committee on the reports of the Senior \^ice 
Commander and the Junior Vice Commander was read and unani- 
mously adopted. 

Bozeman, Mont., April lo, 1896. 

Dear Sir — ^^'e. your conuiiittee upon the reports of the Senior and 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 33 

Junior Vice Commanders of the Department of Montana for the 
years 1895 and 1896, desire to report the following: 

The Senior Vice Commander made a very instructing and inter- 
esting verbal report, giving in detail a history of his visit to the 
National Encampment, and the impressions he received while par- 
ticipating therein, and an eloquent account of his visit to the battle- 
fields of Chickamauga and Lookout Mountain, and this report 
we heartily approve ; but we must urge that he embody that verbal 
to a written report, that it may be filed with the reports of this 
Encampment, and that others may be benefitted by these experi- 
ences. 

The Junior Vice Commander's report is brief and to the point, and 
suggestive, and we can only say to his complaint that he expects too 
much from his superior officers. 

With this modification we recommend that these reports be re- 
ceived and filed with the records of this Encampment. 
Yours respectf illy, 

J. O. GREGG, 

C. F. GAGE, 

W. P. RODEBANK, 

Committee. 



The following report of the committee on the report of the Chap- 
lain was then read and unanimously adopted:. 

Headquarters Department of Montana. 
Bozeman, Mont, April 11, 1896. 
R. E. Fisk, Department Commander, Montana. 

Comrade — We, the undersigned committee, appointed to examine 
the report of the Department Chaplain, will say we have examined 
the same and suggest that all names of soldiers who were not mem- 
bers of the Grand Army be dropped, as we have no jurisdiction over 
their history or names. We also recommend that a memorial page 
in the proceedings of this session be set apart for the names of the 
eight comrades who have been assigned for duty at Supreme Head- 
quarters above. 

We recommend that the report be printed as presented, with the 
corrections as indicated above. 

JOS. M. LINDLEY, 
W. H. H. DICKINSON, 
J. S. WISNER, 

Committee. 



The report of the committee on the report- of the Inspector General 
was then read. 
Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Montana. 

Bozeman, Mont, April 11, 1S96. 
R. E. Fisk, Department Commander. 

Sir— We, your committee, appointed to examine the report of 



34 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

H. S. Howell, Department Inspector, take pleasure in suggesting 
that the report be adopted as presented, and would emphasize the 
remark of the Inspector in regard to the muster-in fees and annual 
dues, and would recommend that the minimum muster-in fee be 
fixed at $2.50, and annual dues $2.50. We would recommend that 
this session adopt some method which will result in the mustering in 
of more of the old soldiers within our ranks. 
Respectfullv submitted, 

JOS. M. LIXDLEY, 
W. H. H. DICKINSON, 
J. S. WISNER, 

Committee. 



It was then ordered by the Commander that all the reports for- 
merly read be placed on file with the Assistant Adjutant General. 

The following report of the committee on the report of the Mus- 
tering Officer was read and placed on file. 

Commander — Your committee, to whom was referred the report 
of the Alustering Officer, lespectfully recommend that the same be 
accepted. 

F. GEO. HELDT. 
N. EBERT, 
JOSEPHUS RICH, 

Committee. 



The following communication was then read from Commander- 
in-Chief I. N. Walker, and ordered placed on file: 

Headquarters of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
Indianapolis, Ind., March 30, 1896. 

R. E. Fisk, Department Commander, Helena, Mont. 

]\Iy Dear Sir and Comrade — On account of absence from home, 
answer to your ver}- kind invitation has been delayed until now. 
Owing to the time of meeting of the Encampments of severat De- 
partments in the East, it \m11 be impossible for me to attend your 
Encampment on the 9th oi next month, at Bozeman, as I shall not 
be able to leave on the western trip until just about that time. If 
possible I shall take Montana en route on my return, and will com- 
municate with you, so that perhaps we mav have a meeting and a 
camp fire at some principal point in your State. Regretting that I 
could not arrange the meeting of the several Encampments so as to 
be present with you during your session, I remain. 
Fraternally yours, 

I. N. WALKER, 
Commander-in-Chief. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

The following telegram v.as then read: 

Virginia City, Mont, April 9, 1896. 
''Tied up professionally. A comrade's greeting to all. Shake." 

J. E. CALLOWAY. 



On motion of Comrade T. O'Leary, the schedule of prices to be 
charged for Quartermaster's supplies, as recommended by the Assist- 
ant Quartermaster General, was unanimously adopted, as follows: 

Rules and Regulations, each $ 04 

Sets Rituals (two Rituals and cards for S. V. C. 

& J. \ . C. and Chaplain), per set 60 

Set of official cards, per set 12 

Services (installation, dedication, memorial and 

burial 20 

Odes, per 100 60 

Applications, per 100 45 

Leaves of absence, per 100 i 75 

Transfers, per 100 2 50 

Discharges, per 100 2 50 

Post Charters, each 10 00 

Descriptive books, each 70 

Blue Books, each i 00 

Badges, membership, each 40 

Badges, officers', each ' 40 

Membership Certificares, each 25 

Buttons, each 07 

Rank straps, each 25 

Badge ribbons, each 05 

Ribbon for Regulation Strap — 

Light blue, each 05 

Cherr}-, each .' 05 

Buflf, each 05 

Electrotype of Badge — 

Xo. I large, each 50 

No. 2 medium, each 50 

Xo. 3 small, each 50 

On motion of Comrade T. O'Lear}', it was voted that the arrccir- 
ages of dues of the G. K. Warren Post, Xo. 20, and John C. Free- 
mont Post, Xo. 21, be remitted. 

On motion of Comrade T. O. Leary, it was voted that a committee 
be appointed on Picket Posts, of which J. O. Gregg shall be a mem- 
ber. 

The following committee was appointed by the Commander: J. O. 
Gregg, W. H. H. Dickenson, S. H. Almon. 

Comrade O'Leary oiTered the following resolution in reference to 
the Assistant Quartermaster General: 

Resolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered by this Encampment 



36 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

to Comrade W. A. Haven, A. Q. M. G. of this Department during 
the past four terms, for his unswerving integrity, his faithful per- 
formance of every duty, nis uniform courtesy to all having business 
with him, and his zeal for the good and welfare of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, and that this resolution be engrossed and presented 
to Comrade Haven. 

The resolution was seconded by ' Past Department Commander 
H. C. Kessler and unaimously adopted. 

Upon motion of Comrade Davidson, the following committee was 
appointed to report upon tliat part of the Commander's address in 
reference to the Woman's Rehef Corps: P. R. Dolman, J. G. San- 
ders,, H. C. Ke'ssler. 

A committee of three ladies from the Wonian's Relief Corps was 
admitted and made the following report to the Encampment, which 
was placed on file: 



Headquarters Department of Montana, Woman's Relief Corps. 
Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Missoula. Mont., April 5, 1896. 

Robert E. Fisk. Commander Grand Army of the Republic. 

I have the honor to extend to you, and through you to thei2th 
Annual Encampment, the gicetings of the Third Annual Convention 
Department of Montana Woman's Relief Corps, and to submit to 
you the following report, showing our membership, financial con- 
dition and the relief extended : 

Number of Corps in the Department, 9; number of members in 
good standing April 5, 1896, 324. 

Expended for relief during the year $I35 00 

Turned over to Posts during the year 174 00 

Estimated value of rehef other than money .... 51 00 

For Memorial Day in the South 1200 

For ?kIemorial Day in Montana 41 25 

For National W. R. C. Home 9 46 

Total for the year $422 71 

Remaining in the relief fund 95 25 

Remaining in the general fund 432 00 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. & L., 

FRANCIS E. MOORE, 
Department President. 



The Eencampment was then entertained by an able address from 
Mrs. Kirkendall on the objects of the order of the Woman's Relief 
Corps. 

The report of the committee on the report ©f the T«dge Advocate 
General was then read and placed on file. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 37 

Headq'uarters G. A. R., Department of Montana. 
Bozeman, Mont., April ii, 1896. 
R. E. Fisk, Department of Montana. 

Dear Sir — We, the undersigned committee, appointed to examine 
the report of the Judge Advocate General, wovild recommend that 
it be adopted, by the addition of page and paragraph of Blue Book 
on the subject as read. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. LINDLEY, 

W. H. H. DICKINSON, 

J. S. WISNER, 

Committee. 



It was voted that the Department per capita tax be fixed at 50 cents 
per term for the ensuing year. 

The following resoltion, by the delegates from Lincoln Post, in 
reference to the Service Pension Bill now pending in Congress, was 
read and approved: 

Resolved, Tliat the Department of Montana, G. A. R., at its pres- 
ent annual meeting, held on April 9 and 10, 1896, at Bozeman, 
Mont., do endorse and approve the Pension Service Bill now before 
Congress, for eight (8) dollars per month, and hereby instruct its 
Assistant Adjutant General to so notify the Senators and members 
of Congress from Montana. 

It was moved by Comrade Ed S. Walker that a committee of three 
be appointed to publish the proceedings of this Encampment, also 
a full roster of all the Posts of the Department. It was adopted, 
and the following committee was appointed: Ed S. Walker. Wads- 
worth Post; H. T. Bevan, Wadsworth Post. Benjamin F. Osbom, 
Wm. English Post. 

It was moved by Comrade Walker that the representation to the 
next Department Commander remain the same as at present. 
Adopted. 

The committee appointed to confer with the Is dies of the Woman's 
Relief Corps reported that they had performed that duty. 

It was moved by Comrade Gregg that $200 be appropriated to pay 
salaries of the Assistant Adiutant General and the Assistant Quar- 
termaster General for the ensuing year. Adopted. 

Recess until i :30 p. m. 



AFTERNOON SESSION. 
Called to order at i :30 p. m. 

The following resolution was read from the Woman's Relief Corps: 

Bozeman. Mont., April 10, 1896. 
To the Woman's Relief Corps, Department of Montana. 

Whereas, The comrades of the G.A.R. are advancing in years and 



38 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

must naturally soon pass away. Evidently in a few yers more their 
ranks will be broken, and> in many places they find it hard to econo- 
mize so that tliey will be enabled to hold their meetings ; and, 

Whereas, We, the Woman's Relief Corps, their loyal auxiliary, 
desiring to do and at all times work for their interest, be it now 

Resolved, That all old soldiers be made honorary members of 
the Woman's Relief Corps; be it further 

Resolved, That the delegate to the National Convention W. R. C. 
be instructed to present this resolution to the National Convention, 
and use her ever\- influence to have the same passed by that high 
body at their next regular meeting. 
Respectfullv submitted, 

CORA L. JOLLY, 
Department Aid. 



The Commander then announced that all the business of the 
Encampment, in accordance with the order of business as adopted, 
having been completed, the next order would be the election and 
installation of the officers of the Department for the ensuing year. 

It was moved by Comrade O'Leary- that Comrade \\'illson be 
nominated for Department Commander and that his election be by 
acclamation. Ably seconded by J. G. Sanders, of Wadsworth Post, 
and T. C. Davidson, of George G. Meade Post 

The rules were then suspended and the Assistant Adjutant General 
was directed by a rising vote of the whole membership to cast the 
vote of the Encampment for Lester S. Willson for Department Com- 
mander. 

The following officers were then unanimously elected: 

F. G. Heldt^ — Senior Mce Commander. 

Lyman Loring — Junior Vice Commander. 

I. M. Rockefeller — Medical Director. 

George W. Jenkins — Chaplain. 

J. AL Lindley, W. H. Yeaton. Josephus Rich. A. E. Gloyd, James 
Gibson — Council of Administration. 

T. C. Davidson — Representative at Large National Encampment. 

C. B. Miller — Representative National Encampment. 

Tames B. Loomis — Alternate Representative National Encamp- 
ment of C. B. Miller. 

\\'. H. H. Dickinson — Alternate Representative National Encamp- 
ment of T. C. Davidson. 

On the invitation of Comrade Thaddeus C. Davidson, it was unan- 
imously voted to hold the 13th Encampment of this Department at 
Anaconda. 

The following resolution was oflFered by Si H. Almon. of Butte: 

Bozeman. Mont.. April 10, 1896. 

Resolved, That the sincere thanks of the Department of Montana, 
G. A. R., be and are hereby tendered to Wm. English Post, No. 10, 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 39 

both as a Post and individual members ; also to the Corps and indi- 
vidual members of Wm. English Corps, No. 3, of the Woman's Relief 
Corps; also to the street' railway for unlimited free transportation. 

And a special vote of thanks is due Miss Josie Van TasseJ for the 
enjoyment we have had in witnessing her exhibition of class drill and 
listening to the patriotic songs of the children in her charge and her 
own matchless vocal demonstrations in patriotic song. 

And to the citizens of the Gallatin valley and the beautiful city of 
Bozeman for the royal manner in which we have been entertained 
during out 12th Annual Encampment; and be it further 

Resolved, That the Adjutant General furnish the press of this city a 
copy of the foregoing resolution. 

The officers elected were then installed by Chief Mustering Officer 
Jenks, of Butte, in accordance with the Installation Service adopted 
by the Encampment, viz: 

Commander — Lester S. Willson Bozeman 

Senior Vice Commander — F. Geo. Heldt Great Falls 

Junior Vice Commander — Lyman Loring Kalispell 

Chaplain — George W. Jenkins Stevensville 

Medical Director — Irvin M. Rockefeller Anaconda 

Assistant Adjutant General — Benjamin F. Osbom Bozeman 

Assistant Quartermaster General — Henry T. Bevan Helena 

Judge Advocate — Timothy O'Leary Anaconda 

Chief Mustering Officer — Samuel H. Almon Butte 



COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Joseph M. Lindley Wm. EngUsh Post 

Wm. H. Yeaton Farragut Post 

Josephus Rich ; Steadman Post 

A. E. Gloyd Frank Blair Post 

James Gibson Sheridan Post 



40 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



THOMAS J. A. FLETCHER, 
Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 
Co. E, 2d "Wis. Cav. 



JOSEPH H. SOUDANT, 

Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 

Co. D, 57 Mass. Inf. 



ABRAHAM THOMAS, 

Wadsworth Post, No. 3. 

Co. A, 1st O. Cav. 



H. J. HOPPE, 

Farragut Post, No. 7 

Co. A. 2d Cal. Cav. 



W. H. REDFIELD. 
Farragut Post, No. 7. 
Co. D, 40th Wis. Inf. 



THOMAS GAULT, 

Farragut Pos«t. No. 7. 

Co. A, 8th Mo. Inf. 



JAMES E. FLETCHER, 

Fred "Winthrop Post, No. 11. 

Co. I, 3d Wis. Inf. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 41 



General Orders. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Butte, Mont., April lo, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. I. 
I. Having been elected and installed Commander of the Depart- 
ment of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, I hereby assume 
command and enter upon the duties of the office with profound ap- 
preciation of its responsibilities. 

n. Officers of the Staff, this day appointed and mustered, are 
announced as follows: 

Assistant Adjutant General, Comrade Ed S. Walker, Helena. 
Assistant Q. M. General, Comrade Wm. A. Haven, Helena. 
Inspector, Comrade Horatio S. Howell, Helena. 
Judge Advocate, Comrade T. M. Pierce, Bozeman. 
Chief Mustering- Officer, Comrade J. D. Jenks, Butte. 
HI. Headquarters are hereby established at Helena. All official 
communications should be addressed to the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral. 

ROBERT E. FISK, 
Commander 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

Helena, Montana, April 12, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. 2. 

I. The nth Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic, held at Butte, April 9 and 10, elected 
the follownng comrades to the offices as designated: 

Commander — Comrade Robert E. Fisk, of Helena. 

Senior Vice Commander — Comrade Timothy 0'Lear\', of Ana- 
conda. 

Junior Vice Commander — Comrade Benj. F. Osborn, of Bozeman. 

Medical Director — Comrade Levi E. Holmes, of Butle. 

Chaplain — Comrade Geo. W. Jenkins, of Butte. 

Council of Administration — Comrades H. F. Childs, of Frank 
Blair Post; H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, of Wadsworth Post; Lyman Lor- 
ing, of Nat. Lvons Post; Geo. T. Chambers, of Farragut Post; Rob- 
ert M. Whitefoot, of Wm. English Post. 



42 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Delegates to the National Encampment — Comrade F. George 
Heldt, of Sheridan Post; Comrade Theo. H. Kleinschmidt, of Wads- 
worth Post. Alternates — Comrade O. F. Parmeter, of Custer Post; 
Comrade H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, of Wadsworth Post. 

II. Post Commanders will forward to these headquarters the 
names of comrades (one from each Post), for appointments as Aides 
de-Camp on the staff of the Department Commander; also names of 
comrades (one from each Post), for Assistant Inspectors. Such 
comrades should be selected as will devote the necessary attention to 
the duties for which they are recommended. 

Bv command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER. 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Ilcadquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, April i6, 1895. 
General Orders, 
Xo. 3. 
I. More than a quarter of a century, reinforced by the legislative 
authority of the United States, has given sanction to the observance 
of the 30th of IMay as Memorial Day, "to render special homage to 
the memorv of comrades \\ho answer to the roll call on earth no 



more.'' 



With the passing years the beautiful and impressive custom of 
strewing flowers on the graves of those who have gone before, and 
holding appropriate services on the occasion, l^ecomes a more solemn 
duty with those comrades who survive. It is well that not only the 
members of the Grand Army, but the patriotic people generally of the 
great nation which they fought for and saved, should honor the 
memory of the soldiers who died that the Republic, with all that it 
represents to humanity and civilization, might live. 

II. Favorable attention is directed to the recommendations of the 
Commander-in-Chief, that Pest Commanders be requested to "inter- 
est the different schools in their various localities to hold patriotic 
services Friday afternoon preceding Memorial Day," and that all 
comrades be reminded that "'memorial exercises should include at- 
tendance upon divine services in a body Sunday, May 26." 

III. It is expected, as it has heretofore been approved and fol- 
lowed, that all auxiliar}^ organizations, civil and military' societies, 
public officials, citizens and school children be invited to participate 
with the Grand Army in the services of Memorial Day. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER. 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 43 

Headquarters Department of ^Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

Helena, Montana, April 17, 1895. 
Special Order, 
No. I. 
I. The Commander expects to be absent from the State for a 
period of some weeks. During such absence Senior Vice Com- 
mander T. O'Leary is called to the command of the Department, 
and will be obeyed and rf'spected as Acting Commander until re- 
lieved by proper authority. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER, 
• Assistant Adjutant General. 



Office of the Senior V ice Commander. 
Anaconda, Montana, ]\Iay i, 1895. 
Special Order, 
No. 2. 
1st. To all Post Chaplains: 

The National Encampment, Grand Army of the Republic, held at 
Indianapolis, in 1893, made the following order, viz: 

"Chaplains of Posts are directed to report to the Department 
Chaplain, on special blanks, the number of graves decorated on 
Memorial Day, and all matters of interest connected with the ob- 
servance of the day." 

2d. To all Post Surgeons: 

Semi-annual reports are now required, viz: June 30 and December 
31, from all Post Surgeons to the Medical Director, and from him to 
the Surgeon General. 

The proper blanks have this day been sent by the A. Q. M. G. to 
the Adjutants or Quartermasters of each Post. 

The Chaplain's report must be made out immediately after Memo- 
rial Day, and sent at once to George W. Jenkins, Department Chap- 
lain, Butte. 

The Surgeon's report must be made out immediately after the last 
meeting of the Posts in June and December, and sent at once to Dr. 
Levi E. Holmes, at Butte. Bv order of 

TIMOTHY O'LEARY, 
Senior Vice Commander, 
Commanding Department. 
ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



44 TWELFTH ANNUAL. ENCAMPMENT 

Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, May 2;^, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. 4. 
I. Returning to the State after a month's absence, the under- 
signed resumes command of the Department, relieving Acting Com- 
mander O'Leary, whose faithful services are gratefully acknowledged. 
H. The time for submitting reports of the Adjutants, Quarter- 
masters and Surgeons of the several Posts of the Department for the 
first half year of 1895 is near at hand, and it is hoped and confidently 
expected that Post Commanders will be prompt in forwarding these 
returns to Department Headquarters. Do not wait the coming of 
June 30, but forward the reports called for immediately after the last 
Post meeting in June, together with the per capita tax for each 
member in good standing on the rolls of the Post. It is important 
that there be no delay in furnishing the required reports, in order 
that the consolidated report of. the Assitant Adjutant General be 
mailed to National Headquarters ^vithin the time specified by the 
Rules and Regulations of the Order. In the absence of the Post 
Commander the Acting Commander miy approve the reports and 
thus avoid delay. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
• ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of ^lontana. 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, ^lontana, July 8, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. 5. 

I. The following named comrades, recommended by the several 
Post Commanders, are hereby appointed Aides-de-Camp on the stc 
of the Department Commander: 

John Raley Lincoln Post, No. 2, Butte 

A. T. Newbury Wadsworth Post, No. 3, Helen? 

Stephen Gainan Frank Blair Post, No. 6, Virginia Cit) 

Geo. W. Metcalf Farragut Post, No. 7. Livingstor 

Andrew J. Edsall Wm. English Post, No. 10, Bozemai 

John J. Hallahan George G. Meade Post, No. 16, Anacondj 

James Gibson Sheridan Post, No. 18. Great Falls 

Frank Burgeon John C. Fremont Post, No. 21, Hamilton! 

James K. Pardee Burnside Post, No. 22, Phillipsbur^ 

William J. Plume Nat Lyons Post, No. 2^, Kalispell 

II. The Commander, recognizing the efficient services and great 
good rendered the Grand Army by the order, earnestly recommends 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 45 

to all Posts of the Department that have not the assistance of such a 
society, encouragfc organization of a Woman's 

Relief Corps. The benefits to Posts derived from auxiliary societies 
of this kind cannot be overestimated, and the hope is expressed that 
officers of Posts and comrades generally will give their countenance 
and support to the formation of Corps wherever in the Department 
they are not now established. Mrs. Frances E. Moore, Department 
President, is untiring in her efforts to extend the order and increase 
its usefulness, and she invites correspondence from all interested to 
the end that she and other members of the Department staff may 
be helpful in promoting the order. 

III. Comrades are cautioned against possible imposition from 
one Edward L. DeHaven, whose final discharge is from Co. I, nth 
Mich. vols. Said DeHaven is reported expelled from John C. Fre- 
mont Post, No. 21, Hamilton, for absconding with the funds of the 
Post. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 

ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 
-Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, October 7, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. 6. 

I. Section i. Chapter 5, Article V, Rules and Regulations, re- 
quires that the annual inspection of each Post, 'by the Department 
Inspector or other comrade assigned to such duty, shall be made 
between Sept. i and Dec. 20. In compliance herewith, the Com- 
mander announces the appointment of the following recommended 
Assitant Inspectors, who will proced to inspect their respective Posts 
as soon as practicable after the receipt of these orders, and report 
immediately thereafter to H. S. Flowell, Department Inspector, 

[Helena, Montana. 

Lincoln Post, No. 2, Perry H. Manchester. 

Frank Blair Post, No. 6, Thomas P. Cox. 
■ Farragut Post, No. 7, Geo. T. Chambers. 

Wm. English Post, No. 10, J. M. Lindley. 

Geo. G. Meade Post, No. 16, A. Short. 

Sheridan Post, No. 18, C. E. Thayer. 

John C. Fremont Post, No. 21, Milton Florida. 

Burnside Post, No. 22, Wm. T. Allison. 

Nat Lyons Post, No. 23, W. J. Sparks. 

Wadsworth Post, No. 3, will be inspected by Inspector Howell. 

II. Additional to appointments above named, and applying to 
Posts whose Commanders have not recommended comrades to act as 



46 TWELFTH WNNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Assistant Inspectors, the Junior Vice Commanders are designated to 
perform the duties of Post inspection and report as Assistant Inspec- 
tors to Inspector Howell. 

III. The Assistant Inspectors are instructed to at once notify 
their Post Commanders as to the date on which they will make the 
inspection in order that as extended notice as possible may be given 
to it. 

I\ . In the absence of the designated Inspector at the inspection 
date, the Post Commander is dire^-*-' - '^ve the inspection made 
by the best qualified comrade present, who will proceed as herein 
instructed. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of ^Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, Xovember 12, 1895. 
General Orders, 
No. 7. 

The Rules and Regulations, Chapter III, Article II. provide that 
all Posts shall elect their officers for the ensuing year, and delegates 
and alternates to the Department Encampment, at the first stated 
meeting in December. The basis of representation, unchanged since 
1889, is as follows: 

"Each Post in good standing shall be entitled to two (2) repre- 
sentatives * * *'and an additional representative in the ratio of 
one (i) for every fifty members in good standing, and one (i) for a 

Such Posts as are in arrears for reports or dues are not entitled to 
representation in the Encampment. Commanders, Past Command- 
ers and officers of the Department are members of the Department! 
Encampment, and the several Posts, to secure the full representation | 
to which they are entitled, should select other comrades than these. 

II. The Assistant Quartermaster General, prior to the date ofj 
these orders, has dispatched to each Post in the Department a full; 
complement of blanks. Immediately after the last Post meeting in 
December these blanks should be carefully filled out and reports for- 
warded, without delay, to Department Headquarters, together with 
tlie per capita tax, for the half year ending December 31, pavable to 
W. A. Haven. A. Q. M. G., Helena, Montana. 

With confident reliance upon the promptness of the several Posts, 
it is expected that each will respond with complete reports by De- 
cember 25 at the latest, in order that the Department officers may 
consolidate and fonvard them to National Headquarters by Decem- 
ber 31. 

It was not in vain that the Posts were appealed to for their first half 



^ DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 47 

i 

^Ryrearly reports. Their early response was highly creditable and large- 
H^y contributed to the enviable status attained by this Department at 
National Headquarters-^the foremost place of all the Departments. 
Quick was the recognition of the good work performed, and the 
compliment paid to the Department is shared by every Post that 
helped to win the high honor. 

"Permit me to congratulate you," says Adjutant General Jones. 
"Yours is the first report for this term (first half year, 18^5) received 
at these Headquarters. There has been a great strife in East, be- 
tween Massachusetts and New Hampshire, as to which would be 
first, but "for this term Montana takes the banner." 

Will not Post Commanders, Adjutants, Quartermasters and other 
officers assist in preserving this honorable record of the Department, 
and with not a single laurel lost, round out with splendor the Grand 
Army year of 1895? This can surely be accomplished if all Post 
officers promptly attend to completing and forwarding their respect- 
ive reports in time to be received at these Headquarters before 
Christmas. 

The persuasive language of a former Comftiander, whose adminis- 
ation first won the great honor the Department for a second time 
njoys, is here used in words of final appeal: "Comrades, help us to 
ake a record for Montana this year that can never be surpassed 
y other Departments." 
HI. In previous orders comrades were designated to act as 
ssistant Inspectors, and to report at the earliest day practicable, 
to H. S. Howell, Inspector, Helena, Montana. It is hoped that no 
officer appointed to perform this duty will fail to discharge it faith- 
fully and promptly report as directed. 

IV. The Department Chaplain, Rev. George W. Jenkins, having 
changed his place of residence from Bute to Stevensville, Ravalli 
county, all Post Chaplains are advised to address their official com- 
munications to him at the latter place. 

y. Comrades, let us, one and all, w^ork earnestly and in harmony 
for the good of our order, greater and grander than any other, to the 
end of the year, and beyond to the time that will bring us again 
together, in larger numbers tlian ever before, it is hoped, at Depart- 
ment and National Encampments, another year. 

Bv command of . ■ 

ROBERT E. FISK. 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, Februar)- 8, 1896. 
General Orders, 
No. 8. 
I. The 1 2th Yearly Encampment of the Grand Army of the Re- 



48 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

public, Department of Montana, will convene at Bozeman on 
Thursday, April 9, 1896, at the hour of 10:30 a. m. Sessions will 
follow through the day and evening- and forward to the time that 
the Encampment declares the official business completed and the 
annual meeting closed. 

II. The Commander, prior to the issuance of these orders, con- 
sulted, first, with Wm. English Post, No. 10, this year entertainer 
of the Department; second, with the members of the Council of Ad- 
ministration, as the Rules and Regulations prescribe, with the result 
that a unanimous agreement was reached as to the date of the 
Encampment, announced in paragraph I. 

JII. Assurances received from the local comrades — the hosts ot 
the occasion — warrant the statement that ample accommodations, at 
reduced rates, will be provided, not only for all the Grand Army 
comrades who attend the Encampment, but for one and all of the 
membership of the Woman's Relief Corps — our auxiliary society, 
whose annual assemblage at Bozeman will be appointed for the 
same date. 

IV. Seasonable arrangements will be made by the proper De- 
partment officer for special rates of transportation to and from the 
Encampment. It is expected that fares over the several railways 
within the Department will be granted on terms as favorable as 
any heretofore conceded the order on similar occasions. Future 
orders will announce the rate — probably one and one-fifth fare for the 
round trip. 

V. It is important that Post Adjutants should ascertain at as early 
a day as practicable the number of comrades, members of auxiliary 
societies and friends who purpose to be present at the Encampment, 
and report the same to the Assistant Adjutant General, Ed S. Walker, 
Helena. 

VI. There is particular incentive to a large attendance of the com- 
rades at the Encampment — this 12th Annual Reunion of the veter- 
ans of our widely separated membership. Ever\^ year more and 
more swells the number of comrades who are called away, and the 
time is not far of? when the final assemblage of the war-soldiers of 
'61-5 will come. Not so great a throng of comrades as that of 1896 
will probably ever meet again in the Department of Montana. Their 
will be a cordial-, hearty, fraternizing welcome at Bozeman — a hos- 
pitable and long-to-be remembered greeting — a red letter event in 
the history of the Grand Army in this commonwealth. The com- 
rades realize that none others in the broad land stand higher in their 
country's consecrated order and that every individual member shares 
in the honorable prestige which his Department has won. "Montana 
at the head of the Departments" is the proud record inscribed at 
National Headquarters. For a second time the present year the 
Adjutant General concedes this high honor to the Department of .J 
Montana — a foremost place only once before attained since the 
formation of the order in this State. With rejoicing hearts the 



i 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 49 

Montana comrades will gather together and celebrate the honors 
that are justly theirs. The Commander congratulates the Executive 
Staff, the Commanders and other officers of. Posts, and all contrib- 
uting agencies of the Department organization, that the Grand Army 
of Montana holds fast to the first place and that there is no disposi- 
tion anywhere shown to let go. Let us all meet and grasp hands on 
the 9th of April at Bozeman. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, February 20, 1896. 
Special Order, 
No. 3. 
L Leave of absence is hereby granted to William A. Haven, 
Assistant Quartermaster General, until the last of March, 1896: 

H. Comrade Henry T. Bevan is here1)y appointed Acting Assist- 
ant Quartermaster General during the absence of Comrade Haven. 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 
ED S. WALKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
Helena, Montana, March 4, 1896. 
General Orders, 
No. 9. 

L As announced in General Orders No. 8, the 12th Annual En- 
campment of the Grand Army, Department of Montana, will be held 
at Bozeman, commencing on Thursday, April 9, 1896, at the hour 
of 10:30 a. m. 

H. The Commander of William English Post, No. 10, is hereby 
instructed to detail comrades for Encampment duty— one for Oflficer 
of the Day, one for Officer of the Guanl. and the necessary number 
for sentinel and other duty. The Officer of the Day. with this detail 
(all in full Grand Army uniform and properly armed and equipped), 
will report to the Assistant Adjutant General at the hall provided 
for the use of the Encampment at 9:30 o'clock on the morning of 
Thursday, April 9. 

HL The meeting of the Council of Administration will be prior 
to the hour of the assembling of the Encampment. 

Department Headquarters at Helena will be closed April 9 to it, 
inclusive. 



50 TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

IV. Relating to transportation, the following is for the informa- 
tion of comrades, members of the Woman's Relief Corps, and all 
others interested: 

From Chas. S. Fee, G. P. & T. A. N. P. R. R., St. Paul, to A. D. 
Edgar, General Agent, Helena: "You may advise the gentleman 
(A. Q. M. G. Haven) making application for reduced rates, that for 
the I2tli Annual Encampment, Montana Department, G. A. R., 
and Woman's Relief Corps, to be held at Rozeman. ]\Iont., April 9 
to II inclusive we will make rate of one fare and one-fifth on certificate 
plan, subject to a total attendance of 50 or more, who pay full fare 
going, not more than three days prior to the opening date. You 
will please advise him that we shall look to him to see that all are 
properly instructed as to the method of procedure to obtain the 
reduction, as we will not hold ourselves responsible for the failure of 
those attending to secure the reduced rate. Certificates will be hon- 
ored up to one day after the close of the meeting." 

From A. D. Edgar, General Agent N. P. R. R., Helena: "You will 
please note that this applies from all points on the lines of the North- 
ern Pacific railroad in Montana to Bozeman and return. Be sure to 
have all parties attending the meetings understand that if tliey fail 
to comply with the conditions imposed by Mr. Fee that they will have 
no redress. Persons along the lines of the Northern Pacific R. R. 
should purchase one way tickets to Bozeman, asking agent to give 
receipt for ticket, which will be done. This receipt, when presented 
to N. P. Agent at Bozeman, together with certificate signed by Ed 
S. Walker, A. A. G., that holder has been in attendance at meetings 
of G. A. R. or Woman's Relief Corps, will be authority to that agent 
to sell a ticket to original starting point (on Northern Pacific R. R.) 
at one-fifth the regular fare, provided there have been fifty (50) or 
more people in attendance at said meeting who have paid full fare 
going to Bozeman." 

Comrades and others starting from points on the Great Northern 
R. R. )via Helena) must purchase tickets to Helena, taking a receipt 
from agent at place of purchase: they must also purchase tickets 
from Helena to Bozeman, taking receipts as before, and both receipts 
must be signed by the A. A. G. at Bozeman to entitle the holder to 
the one-fifth rate on return. Those who travel over the lines of the 
Union Pacific, the B., A. & P., or the Montana Union, must in like 
manner purchase tickets to Butte, taking receipt therefor, and then, 
purchasing tickets from Butte to Bozeman, take receipt for them. 

In order to give the Assistant Adjutant General ample time to 
ascertain whether fifty or more persons attending the Encampment 
and Convention have paid full fare one way, thus entitling them to 
the one-fifth rate back, all persons so attending are requested to hand 
their receipts for tickets to that officer on the first day of the meet- 
ings, or as soon as they arrive at Bozeman. 

V. The Commander indulges the hope that many comrades will 
attend the Encampment, assured as they are of a most hospitable 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



61 



reception from the comrades and citizens generally of Bozeman. The 
National StalT will be represented by Chaplain-in-Chief IliflF, one oi 
the g-randest of Grand Army comrades the country knows, and the 
presence of Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief Cosgrove, whose resi- 
dence is not distant from us, and to whom a pressing invitation has 
been extended, is reasonably expected. Let us assemble, comrades, 
in as full numbers as possible at the beautiful county seat of Galla- 
tin, and renew once more on Appomattox day those fraternal greet- 
ings that bind us heart and hancl to one anotlier and to an increasing 
fellowship that death alone can sever. 

By command of 

ROBERT E. FISK, 

Commander. 

i<:d s. walker, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



62 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



John Buford Post, No. 1— Fort Custer. (Disbanded.) 



NAME. 



RANK. 



CO. 



Abbott, Chas 

Alexander, James 

Baker. Joseph 

Banning. James 

Bamett, Philip 

Berth, Hugo B 

Birch, James 

Bishop, RJchard 

Blakeboume, A. W . . . 

Boothe. Wm 

Border, Geo P 

Boutelle, Frazer A. . . . 

Bowers G I 

Braim, Andrew 

Brigham,' Lucien .... 

Brumer, Chas 

Burke Levi 

Bvrne, Dennis 

Barkley, Wm 

Brieve, Albert 

Barnes, Frances 

B.iiley.JH 

Bamett, Daniel 

Bonds, Samuel 

Boughton, John 

Cahill.John 

Chamberlin, James 

Connor, Andrew 

Connor, Thomas W... 

Connors, John 

Cook, Geo 

Cook,L VV 

Crum, Richard 

Cunningham, Tiiomas 
Cummings, John. .. . 

Cummingb, R W 

Dalton, Thos 

Davis, James M , 

Dugal, James 

Farrell, Rol>ert H 

Finnegan, Patrick 

Fishel, Samuel K 

Fisher, Ed G 

Fisher, Geo 

Fisher, Wm 

Fitzgerald, Patrick 

Flemming, John 

Frederick, Henry 

Freeman, Henry. 

Foss, Theowald 

Furgeson , James 

Garretty, Frank D 

Glcssne'r, Philip 

Granneckstadten John . 

H.-iUaghan John 

Hanson Christian 

I lard, Henry C 

Harris, Moses. 



Serge;.nt G 

Corporal D 

Private A 

Private L 

Private D 

Sergeant D 

Private 3 

Private L 

Private D 

Sergeant G 

Private C 

Captain A 

Private M 

Private I 

Private C 

Private B 

2d Sergeant D 

Sergeant G 

Private I 

Seaman 

Private A 

Private ' A 

Private I A 



Private 
Private . . . 
Private . . . 
Private . . . 
Private . . . 

Private 

Sergeant. 
Sergeant . 
Private . . 
Private . . . 
Private . . . 
Landsman 
2d Lieut .. 

Private 

Corporal . . 
Musician . 
I^andsman 
Private . . . 

Private 

Landsman 
Sergeant . . , 
Landsman 

Private 

Private . . . 
Seaman . . . 

Private 

Private .. . 
Sergeant. . 
1st Lieut.. 

Private 

Private . . . 
Private ... 
Corporal . 
Private . . . 
Sergeant . 



F 

B 

D 

D 

A 

I 

E 

E 

H 

C 

F 



Helms, Benjamin ; Private 



Hennecke, Heinrich 

Henry, Wm 

Irwin, Wm 

J ackson , James 

Jackson, Thomas. . 

Jones, John W 

Johnson, Joshua..., 
Kennedy, Thomas 
Koenig, Godfrey . . 

Kelley, John 

Kimmick, Joseph . 
Line, Daniel F ... 
I^ut, Frederick 



[Private 
Fireman . 
Sergeant 
Private . . 
Private .. 
Private . . 
Private .. 
Private .. 
Private .. 
Private .. 
Private .. 
Private . . 
Corporal 



K 
C 
B 
D 



C 

H 



E 

K 

K 



E 
D 
A 
G 
E 
F 
G 
D 
F 
G 
E 
K 



C 
C 
H 
F 
H 
K 
I 



D 
H 
C 



SERVICE. 



2dU SCavalr\- 

lOth N Y Cavalry 

91st Penn Infantry. . . 
4th U SCavairy .'..... 

ist Nev Cavalry 

176th N V Infantry 

N J Light Battalion . . . 

Sth N J \'et Vols 

24th Ind Infantn.- 

ist X J Cavalry 

i2isl N V Infantry .. 

Ah X Y Cavalry 

1st Md Cavalry 

43d X Y Infantry 

4th Mich Infantry 

i62d N Y Infantry 

1 2U1 U S Infantry 

Sth U S Infantry." 

^2d Ohio Infantry 

l-'lag Ship Phila 

th R I H A 

4th U S infantry 

3d Mo Cavalry 

61 St l' S Cavairs- 

1st V S Col ■ 

U S Eng Corps 

3,^d Illinois Infantry. . 

icth U S Infantry 

1st Minn Infantry 

13th U S Infantry 

4Sth X Y Infantry 

27th Wis Infantry 

2d X YCavalrv.'. 

5th N Y H Art 

U S U Fairy 

35th Ind....' 

3d V S Infantry 

30th 111 Infantrs' 

st U S Cavalry 

U S S Brown 

idV S Cavalr>- 

12th Io-*a Infantry. . . . 

U S Passaic 

3d U S Art 

U S S Aphoxdite. . 

1 2th III Infantry 

SSth Penn Infantry 

U S S Louisville 

3d U S Infantry 

7thX H 

istMichH A 

15th Ky Infantry 

3d X Y Cavalrj- , . . 

31st N Y Infantry...-. . 

i62d X Y Infantry 

14th X Y Cavalry.,... 

7th Ind Infantry-.'. 

ist L' S Cavalry 

4th Ohio Cavalry 

41st N Y Infantry 

S S Su wanee 

US Cavalry 

ist U S Infantry 

1 ith Conn Infantry 

1st Tenn Reserye 

4th US Col 

ist Md Cavalry 

ist N Y Cavalry 

Pearsons Bat 

7th Kan Cavalrj' 

2d D C Infantry 

i7Sth X Y Infantry 



DIED. 



w»y 3, 'S7 . 



Dec.9,'8s. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



53 



John Buford Post, No. 1, Ft. Custer.— Continued. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Leahey, Nicholas 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician 

Bugler 

Private 

Captain 

Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Landsman 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


D 
E 
K 
B 
B 
H 
C 
H 
M 
G 
C 
K 
H 
G 
A 
..„.. 

A 
K 
M 
M 
D 
I 

"p" 
E 
F 
K 
H 

"a' 

K 
D 
F 
M 
B 
A 
C 
D 
F 


9th Me Infantry 




Ixiibe, Adolph 


-jd N Y Infantry 




Lellbach, Christian 


N Y Cavalry 




Lemaire, John 


176th N Y Infantrv 

17th 111 Cavalry ..; 




Lindsav, Albert 




Lutz, l^'redenck 


Uth N Y Cavalry 

ist Vt H Art 




Macomber, J. H 




Maginness, J \V 


164th N Y Infantry 

6lh N Y H Art 




Mawson, L G 




Merriman, G WW 


ist U S Cavalry 




Mersch, Andrew 


2^d Wis Infantry 




McCanna, Patrick 

McCormick, John 

McFall, David II 

McFarland, G W 

Miller, Louis D 

McGuire, Patrick 

Mclntyre Christopher 

Mills,John W 


183d Penn Infantry 

loth U S Infantry 

7th Iowa Infantrv 

124th Penn Infantry 

U S S Brooklyn 

ist Va Infantry 

6sth 111 Infantry 

ist Kansas Infantrv 

2d Mo Lt Art 




Minon, Girard 


June 9, '84. 


Moore, John G 


I.St Ala Cav 




Moran, John 


3d Cal Infantrv. 




Morse, Elmer H 


6th Cal Infantrs' 




Mulligan, Wm J 

Olsen, Christopher 


Landsman 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Surgeon 

Musician 

Private 

Bugler 

Musician 

Private 

Musician 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Corporal 

Private 


USSX Carolina ;'..'.'!!.■; 
5th US Cavalry 




G.sterday, Gottlieb 


ist N J Infantrv 




Pennington, James 

Powers, James 


78th Penn Infantry 

5th US Infantrv. 

149th N Y Infantrv 

I2th Tenn Cavalry. 

ist X Infantry' 




Powei s, Thomas 

Price, Curtis E 

Pryor, Geo 




Quinn, Jeremiah 


gthUSCavalrv 




Keilev, James 


Sth US Cavalry 

14th U S Infantry 

ist US Art .. 

13th irS Infantrv 

21st N J Infantry 




Ueynolds, Chas 

Reynolds, Wm H 

Reinhart. Joseph 




Kice, David 




Rouse, James 


nth 111 Infantrv 

33d Mass Infantry 

ist Penn Art 

I92d Penn Art. 




Rowc, James F 




Ruper, Cornelius D 

Rush. Peter 




Ryan, James 


Private 

Musician 

Private 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Lieut 


I- 

M 

C 

C 

B 

A 

A 


ist US Cavalry 

3d Mich Cav,alfy 

23d I'enn Infantry 

Sth US Cavalry 

27th N Y Infantry 

Sth US Art 

9th Vt Infantry 




Schwarzmaier, ChusM.. 
Segar, Samuel .... 




Shannon, Martin. . . 




Shattuck, Wm. . . . 




Shulte,Johr) G 

Smith, Jason 




Snyder, James A 


3d U S Infantry 




Stram, John 


Private 

Private . . 


K 


29th Mich Infantry 

i.st 1. I Infantry 




Sullivan, J II B . . 




Sullivan, John 


Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 

Lieut 


M 
B 
G 
H 
E 
B 
F 
C 
G 
B 
H 

■'c' 

C 

■'c" 

A 
F 
D 


3dUS Art 

2d D C Infantry 




Sweeny, Geo W 




Tooker, G L 

Trotter, Peter ........ 


loth N 'S' Infantrv 

i82d Ohio Infantry 

2Sth Iowa Infantry- 

7th '^al Infantrv . ." . 




Troxel, Thos G 




Upham, F K. 




Van Scoy, Wm 


Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Musician 

Private 

Fireman 

Pri vate 

ist Lieut 

Seaman 

Corporal 

I..ient .... 

Captain 

Private 




VonPlatton, Hans 

Wagner, Augustus 

Walker, E M 


7Sth X Y Inf an try. '. . . ." ." . '. 

58th Ohio Infantry 

nth III Infantry 




Wallace, Thos 


0th X Y Infantrv. 




Ward, James 


U S S Queen "... 




Weir, Hugh 


iS^d Penn Infantrv 

1st W T Infantry.' 




Wesendorff, Max 

Whelan, James (i) . 




Whelan, Jamee (2) 

Wilkins, Henry 


9th LI S Infantry 

ist DC Cavalry 




Wilkinson, W C 


23d N Y Infantry 




Zwisler, Joseph 


3d Ohio Art 









n4 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte. 



NAME. 



Arnold, Ed M 

Alderman, E M 

Almon, S H.- 

Bechtel, John 

Baker, \V H 

Benson, Bennett B. . 

Bowen, \Vm. 

Boyle, Thos 

Beebe, Byrum N 

Bowditch, John D.. . 
Bateman, Frank .... 
Barrett, Frank M . . . 

Bradshaw, C G 

Benton, Wni 

Biddle, Andrew 

Brown, J X D 

Benton, Albert A... 

Beellngsev. Chas 

Baker, Thos 

Black, WH 

Baker, J A 

Cooper, C 

Corkwell, James. ... 

Comstock, S C 

Cnmmings, John.... 

Carr, Robert 

Cameron, Daniel . . . . 

Carlyle, Eli J 

Coughlin. Dan 

Chaniberlin, M J . . . . 

Catlin, M D 

Charles, David J, J r 

Cramer, John J 

Dolman, Peter R. . . . 
Dond, James E. . . 

Devlin, John 

Dwyer, James 

Demmit, Newell 

Donahay, A P 

Douglas, John 

Derringer, Andrew. 

Deorise, Simon 

Doran, James 

Engle, Gilbert 

Eacrat. Wm R 

Forbis, Alonzo M . . . 

Fox, Patrick 

Forst, C C 

Farlin, Geo ^V 

Foltz, David _. 

Fisher, John J 

Griffith, Jerimiah... 
Gilligham, Henry. . . 
Glover, John B . . . . . 
Gleason, Michael... 

Holmes, Levi E 

Howe, Wm H 

Hanswuth, Simon.. . 

Hassinger, J H 

Hutchinson, H M... 

Hoge, G B 

Harder, Ira J 

Ham, Charles A.... 

Hussleton, Wm 

Hoist, John S 

Henneberv, Garrett. 

Huston, R G 

Henderson, Thos J . . 
Hirch, Ferdinand . . . 



RANK. 



Private... 
Privi.te. . . 
Major.. .. 
I St Sergt. 
Private.. . 
Onidia. . . 



Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Capt. Cavalry. 

Private 

2d I..ieutenant. 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

2d Lieut 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 



Corporal . . 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private. . . . 
Lieut. Col 
Private. . . . 



Corporal. 
Private. . . 



Private. 
Private. 



Private. . 



Private... 
Sergeant. 
I St Lieut. 
Private. . . 
Private. . 
Corporal . 
Private... 
Private. . . 
Corporal . 
Private. . . 
2d Lieut . 
Private. . . 
Private. . 
I St Lieut. 
Private... 
Corporal . 
Private .. 
Private .. 
Private . 
Private . . 



CO. 



C 
A 



E 
G 
F 
D 
C 
D 
D 
H 



2d Minn. Infantry . ... 

^otli Ind. Infantry 

jist III. Infantry 

26th Ohio Infantry 

i:;r.th 111. Infantry' 

6th Minn. Infantry 

I St Nevada 

48th Penn. Infantry... 
1 2th Kansas Infantry., 
4lh N. V. Heavy Art. 
5th Minn. Infantry.... 
9th Ohio Bat 



A 

E 
E 
H 
B 
F 
G 
C 
D 
C 



I 
A 
B 
F 
G 
H 



E 
E 
K 



A 
E 
E 
F 
A 
E 
D 
M 
B 
D 
A 
I 
F 
B 
C 
H 
I 
D 
C 
B 
B 



SERVICE. 



DIED. 



2oth N. Y. Cavalry .. 

I St Del. Cavalry 

Ariz. Light Artillery. 
13th U. S. Regulars . . 

Slh Iowa Infantry 

15th W. Virginia 

2d U. S. Infantry . 

iSth Penn. Infantry... 
iSth Wis Infantry . .. . 
ist Iowa Cavalry 



. June 13. 



20th Penn. Infantry 

9th Minn. Infantry 

15th 111. Cavalry 

iS4th N. Y. Infantry... 

it4h N,H 

3rd N. Y. Infantry 

U. S. Gunboat Octarra. 

2oth Ohio Infantry 

76th Mo. Infantry 

26th N. Y. Infantry 

28th Mass Infantry .... 

2 1 St Iowa Infantry 

i2ist N. Y. Infantry... 



April 17, '8S 



A 
H 
C 
I 

II 
t 

A 
C 



103d 111. Infantry 

73d Penn. Infantry 

2d Cal. Cavalry-..'. 

14th Mo. Infantry 

6ist N. Y. Infantry... 

79th Ind. Infantry 

Ind. Infantry 

5th U. S. Cavalry 

nth Me. Infantry 

15th Iowa Infantry.... 

13th Ohio Infantry 

22d Mich. Infantry. ... 
4Sth Penn. Infantry... 

I St Colo. Cavalry' 

194th Penn. Infantry.-. 
164th N. Y. Infantry. . 

2d Engineers 

I St Minn Infantry . .-. . 
3Sth Wis. Infantry.... 

Penn Batt 

17th 111. Infantry 

H3th III. Infantry 

ist Nev. Cavalry 

4th Mo. Infantry . . . 
i2th Mass. Infantry... 
93d Penn. Infantry ... 

69th 111. Infantry ". 

i66th Ohio Infantry... 

13th Mo. Cavalry 

6th Ind Batt 



. June 28, '93. 



N0V.3. 'S?. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



55 



Lincoln 


Post No. 2, Butte— Continued. 




NA.MK. 


.- RANK. 


CO. 

I 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 






7th Minn. Infantry 


Feb. I, '87. 






Hcistantl \Viii II 




E 
K 
G 
B 
H 
I 

K 

B 

..„.. 

M 


ist La. Cavalry 




llukev, Michael 




6oth N. Y. Infantrv 

iSsth N. Y. Infantry 

S6th 111. Infantry 




Holmes, ) Watson 






Ham, N H 






Horn Charles A 


Private. 


4th AIo, Infantrv 




Howe, Chas W 


Private 


1 2th Me. Volunteers 

23d 111. Infantry 






Sergeant 

Captain 

Brevet Col 

Musician 

Private 


Sept, II, '89 


Jones, Weslev \V 

Jenks, J D . . ". 


15th III. Infantry 


:st Iowa Cavalrv 




Jones, John C 

Kniirht. S K 


13th Me. Infantry 

2d Iowa Cavalry. .... 




Kessler, Harry C. 

Kriter, Pliilip 


i^t I..ieut 


104th Penn. Cavalry 

3rd Ohio Cavalrv 

SSth N. Y. Infantry 

Sth Iowa Cavalry 

'53d 111. Infantrv .". 




Private 


G 
C 
A 
B 
A 
I 
B 
A 
A 
H 

"a" 

A 
K 
G 
E 




Kallliacker, Chas 

Keer. Hiram T 


1st Sergt 

Corporal 








L(xrkley, Fredrick 


ist Lieut 

Sergeant 

Private 


"ist N. Y. Artillery 

90th Illinois Infantrv 

S7th Ind. Infantry . .'. 




Uamborn. Josiah 




Lehman, Albert S 


Private 




Mqlntosh, L D 


Private 


ist Nev. Infantry 

ist Ky. Infantrv 




Mallerv Kdward 






Mr Brown. Wni 


Ord. Seaman .. 

Corporal 

Private. 






McLaiiirhiin. li 


2Cth Wis. Infantry 

16th Me. Infantry 

6tli Me. Infantry". 




Moore, N H 




McGovern, John 


Private. 




McGloin, Edward 


Private 

Private 

Sergt Major . . . 


3d N. J. Cavalrv 




Morrill, Chas 


Qth Me Infantry 


June, 1SS6. 


Madden, John.. 

Nffver Tohn . 


32d 111. Infantry 




Mcdoiiou^^h, Pat 


Private. . 


E 


2d Colo. Cavalry 




Mahonev. Pat 








McKenzie, John P 

Mc^iuire, John A 

Mclntyre, John 11 


Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 


I 

K 
D 

"c ■ 

I 
G 

"ii" 

L 
G 
K 
A 
G 


7Sth Ohio Infantry 

169th Penn. Infantry 

Bat. U. S. Artillery 




Manchester. P H 


Private. . . . 


20th Mich. Infantry 

46th Penn. Infantrv 

S2d 111. Cavalry...". 




Moore, l^vnion 


Private. 


Mar. 28, '93 


^^cMallOn, Pat 




McBratnev, W C 






Xeai, Josiah 

Newell, David 

Ott, George K 

O' Brine, Michael 


Private 

.'Vrtificer 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Private 


2d U.S. Veterans 

50th Reg. Engineers 

i3Sth 111. Infantry 

S7th 111. Infantrv". 




Powell, John 


4th W. V'irginia Infantry 

I02d X. Y. Infantry 

3d AVis. Infantrv 




I'owers, T Jionias 


Private 




Pre*iton, Nathaniel 


Private. 




Pave, E F 

I'enn, Jonathan 

i'atter.son, lohn 


1st IJeut 

Private 


A 


I St Iowa Cavalrv 

4th Penn. Cavalry 

7tli Me. Infantry. 




Private 

Private. . . 


B 
II 
B 
D 
B 
K 
G 
M 
C 
H 
G 
I 
F 
H 
C 
C 
F 
E 




Parknian, R F 




Page, D F 


Private 

Private 


2d .Me. Infantry 




Uafferty, Thos 


2d Mass. Infantry 

77th III. Infantrv 

S4th Ohio Infantry 

13th Iowa Infantry 

ist X. Y. Cavalry 

64th X. Y. Infantry 

2d Cal. Cavalrv 




Uailev. John 


Private 


No date .... 


Uicha'rdson, T H. 


Private 




h'ockeback. W P. . . 


Private 




Kutter. Thos H 


Farrier 

Private 

Corporal 

Private. 

Private 




Roger, Stephen H 

Rickers Gilbert R 




Ravev, John 


2d Vt. Infantrv .. 

Sth Me. Infantrv 

iSth N. Y. Artillery. 
S2d III. Infantrv 




Kussell, L D 




.Shoemaker, Chas S 


Corporal 


Dec. 4, "85 . . 


Spirling, James II 

So wden . Wni 


rst l.ieut 

Corporal 


Sjd X. Y. Infantry 

31st Wis. Infantry 

6th Cal . Infantrv 

28th Penn. Infantry 




Scott, David 




Scott, John B 


Order. Sergt... 





56 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Lincoln Post No. 2, Butte— Continued. 



NAME. 



Sniitii, S G 

Sliultz, Steplien 

Sliusten, Thos 

Stackpole, Henry H.. 

ShanlSon, I-evi 

Shaw, Joseph H 

Sinsell, Wm F 

Scobee, James D 

Stride. James 

Stewart, Chas 

Sephton, Thos 

Sullivan, Pat 

Syms, Benjamin. ... 

Sharp, Morris 

Stewart, Wm 

Stickney, Chas W.. .. 

Spitter, John 

Thornton, Owens 

Turrell, Geo W 

Thompson, Lewis S.. 

Warren, Chas S 

Wyman, Luther F. .. 

Williams, WW 

Wallace, Robert B... 

Wells, S E 

Waters, James 

Wagner, Hentv 

Whitlock, David B... 

White, Albert C 

Wolf, John 

York, Joseph J. 
Yelldell, Robert C... 
Zillman, Christopher. 



RANK. 



I St Lieut 
Private. . . 



Private. . . 
Private... 
Private. . . 
Piivate. .. 
Private... 
Private... 
Sergeant. 



Private 

Private 

Private 

Ord. Seaman. 

Private 

Private 

Coal Heaver. 

Privilte 

Private 

Ord. Sergt. .. 
Captain 



Sergeant. ... 
Com. Sergt. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



A 
B 



K 
A 
A 
C 
M 
E 
E 



I 
D 
E 



B 
H 



C 
D 
C 
A 
A 
A 
K 
E 
H 
K 
C 
A 
E 
B 
I 



SERVICE. 



124th Penn. Infantry 
Mo. Infantry 



7th Kansas Cavalry.. 

52d III. Infantry 

I2lh Ind. Cavafrv 

i7Sth N. Y. Infantry. 

2d Mo. Cavalry ". . 

2ioth Penn. Infantry, 
ist Kansas Infantry.. 



127th N. Y. Infantry.. 

S.sdU. S. C. F "... 

Ii6th Penn. Infantry. . 
Brooklyn, Navy Yard. 

ist 111. Artillery 

nth 111. Volunteers... 



.^d Cal. Cavalry... 
20th Hi Infantry. . 
147th 111. Infantry. 
2d Mass. Infantry. 
2d Mo. Bat 



a-jd HI. Infantry. . . 

St R.I. Bat .." 

2d 111. Artillery... 
6th Reg. N. y: H. 

St Nev. Cavalry. . 
3d Mo. Infantry... 
2d Minn. Cavalry. 
50th 111. Infantry. . 

St AVi<!. Cavalry-. . 



Art. 



DIED. 



March, iSyi 



No date 



May 6, '93 . 
Aug. 6, '(j2. 



iSSS. 



Wadswopth Post No. 3, Helena. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Albrecht, Chas 


2d Lieut 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private .-. 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician 

Landsman 

Captain 

Sergeant 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 


E 
\ 
K 
I 

K 
I 

G 
C 
A 
B 
y\ 
K 
H 
G 
M 
G 

"e' 

C 
B 

B 

H 

I 
D 


9th Mo Cavalry 

51st Mo Infantry 


Nov 12, '90. 




June 17, '84. 


Bassett Cassius M 


43d M Infantry 




Hcary. L D 


2d N Y Artillery 

ist Md Infantry 




Bender, Wm 






42d Ind Infantry 




Bevan, Henry T 

Bird, Wm H 

Blaisdeli, Hiram M 

Bourne, Stephen 


27111 Ind Infantry 

2d Cal Cavalry 

I2th Illinois Cavalry 

8th .Mo Infantry 

loth Mich Infantry 

ist Vt Infantry 




Botsford, JasH 


Sept. iS, '93 


Brainard, Barton h" 

Braycrton, Mark 


13th \ Y Cavalry 

26th Ind Infantry 

1st .Minn Heavy Art 

49th Ohio Infantry 

U S S Princeton 

Sth Illinois Cavalry 

yth Illinoi.'i Cavalry 

loth Kansas Infantry 

7th Minn Infantry 

1st .Mo Cavalry 

1st N Y Artillery 

139th Pa Infantry 

2d N'eb Cavalry ." 




Brown, Augustus L 

Brown, John B 

Brown, Robert 

Buck, Daniel W 


'am. 6, '92 . . 


Bushnell, Wm H 

Butler, Alex 




( "arslev, Geo A 




Cauby', Milton 




Craig, Richard 




Cramer, Joseph C 

Crowell, Joseph W 

Crump, James 

Cuniby, Patrick 




4th Kansas Battery 

U S Ord Corps ..." . . 




Private 




Nov. 1.3, 'Sy 







DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



57 



Wadsworth Post No. 


3, 


Helena—Continued. 


NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. / 


Davis, Lewis 


Private 




15th Me Infantry 

17th Me Infantry 

S3d U S Colored Inf 

i62d New York 


•^ 


DeVVitt, Chas A 


Corporal 

Corporal 

Captiiin 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain .... 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Capt. Bvt. Maj. 

Piivate 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 


D 
H 
A 
E 
A 
I 
B 
B 
F 
H 
A 
I 
G 
G 
G 
E 
K 
A 
H 

• p- 

H 
A 
F 
D 
E 
E 
A 


Jan , 1SS7. .. 


Dedrick, Prince 




Deegan, Ross 

Dial, Friend 


Jan. 31, '90. 


4th Ohio Infantry 

32d Ohio Infantry 

ii2th Pa Infantry 

ist Colo Cavalry 




Donaldson, I P 




Donnelly, Hugh S 

Dunges, Charles 




Dunn, James 


2d Mass Cavalry 




Edwards Eugene F 


4th Mo Cavalrv 




Fishel, S K 


1 2th Iowa Infantry 

2d Minn Cavalry ' 

ist Minn Infantry 

i32d N Y Infantry 

I32d N Y Infantry 

ist Wis Artillery 

2d Wis Cavalry. 




Fisk, Andrew J 




Fisk, Van II 


Apl 19, '90. 


Fisk, Daniel W 




Fisk, Robert E 




Fleischauer, C ^V 

Fletcher, Thos J A 


May 3, '9S. . 


Fleniming, John 


S'th Pa Infantry 




Fuller, T P 


93d N Y Infantr\- 

6th N Y Heavy Art 

I ith N J Infantry 

Independent Minn Cav. . . 

50th Mass Infantry 

9th Iowa Infantry 

S2d N Y Infantry 

95th N Y Infantry 

24th Ohio Infantry 

I •?8th Ohio Infantry 

42d N Y Infantry 

USXavy ". 

13th Illinois Infantry 

105th Ohio Infantry 

i6th N H Infantry ". 

4th Ohio Cavalry 

i8th Penn Cavalry 

42d Ohio Infantry 

129th Ind Infantry 

2d Minn Cavalrv' 




Fuller. 1 S 


Aug. iS, '9S 


Gage, Chas F 




Gillan, Patrick 




Grant, James S 




Gray, Thorfias C 


May, 1802.. 


Green, Ceo 




Hall, Isaac A 




Hand, Chas 




Harvey, Harry H 

Hanratty, Michael 

Hapleton, George 

Hartzell, Adam C 

Hathaway, James 

Haven, ^ Vm A 

Helmer, Benjamin 

Henry, Patrick 




Private .... 

Private 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Corporal 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Corpor.al 

ist Lieut 

Private 


D 
E 
K 
E 
F 
C 
C 
H 
C 
E 
M 
A 
K 
F 
L 
E 




Hilman, John R 




Hinds, Orange S 

Hoback, Richard 


July 16, '96. 


Hoepfner, Charles 

Hogan, James 


20th Iowa Infantry 




Holmes, Henry C 


2d Wis Cavalry 




Horn, Chas 


1st Mo Light Art 

nth Mich Infantry 

iSSth N Y Infantry 

37th N Y Infantry 

9th Wis Infantry 




Howard. C L'. 




Humphrey, Wm W 

Huntley, Silas S.... 

Jacobi, Franz 




Jeffries. John T 


N Atlantic B Squadron.. 

31st Wis Infantry 

8th N Y Cavalry 

4th Mich Infantry 

2Sth Mich Infantry 

ist Cal Cavalry 


Oct. 24, 'CH. 


Jones, John \V 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Buglei 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Color Sergt ... 

Private 


C 
M 
K 
H 
M 
A 
G 
A 

I 
A 

I 

E 
B 
B 

I 

K 

M 

F 

A 

D 

B 

E 


Kamber, Cassimer 

Kellogg, Enos L 

Kellogg, Alberts 

King, Fred L 


July 4, '92.. 


Kinsley. Jos W 


i6th Mass Infantry 

Sth Iowa Cavalry 

3d Mo Infantry '. 

5th Mo Militia 


Kimball, Amander 

Kleinschmidt, HFC... 
Kleinschmidt, R H 




Kleinschmidt, T H 


3d Mo Infantry 




Kobstrup, Neils ) S 

Knobb, Eli 


103d N Y Infantry 

iSSthOhio Infantry 

9th Illinois Cavalry 

9th Illinois Cavalry 

2d Illinois Artillery 

22d Wis Infantry ." 

7th Mich Cavalry 

2d ^owa Cavalry , . 




LaSalle, Adolph 

LaSalle, Godfrey 

Linn, John 




Lindley, Chas C 

Loomis, James B 




Luppold, Wm . : 




Mclrwin, John 


I St Kansas Infantry 

1st Colo Cavalrv 




McGarvev, Joseph 




McKenzie, James 

McLaughlin, James M. .. 


iSth U S Infantry 

4th Penn Cavalry 





58 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Wadsworth Post No. 3, Helena--Continued. 



NAME. 



Maginnis. Martin 

Malben. Benjamin 

Major, John C 

Mannix, Philip A 

Manuel, Fred 

Melugin, Amos W 

Malhews. Thaddeiis L. 

Miles, Daniel L 

Miller, C B 

Miller, Henrv A 

Miller, R A\' V 

Mills, James H 

Mills, Rosil 

Mitchell, Chas 

MoflSt.John 

Morgan, Walter R 

Morris. John 

Morris, John 

Mueller, Otto 

Murphy, John 

Newbnrv, Abel T 

Newbury, C B 

Newbury, J B 

Nichols, Cyvetus . . 
O'Connor, Thomas .... 

Olsen, Ingbreth 

Page, James M 

Payne, Hiram M 

Pingree, Geo 

Piatt, Geo H 

Pickle, John E 

Potter, John 

Potter, \Vm M 

Potts, Benj F 

Powers, Geo W 

Preuitt, Isom 

Preuitt, W G 

Probst, John G 



RANK. 



Redd, Garrison Musician 



Major 

isl Sergt 

Colonel 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Asst. Surgeon. 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

ist Lieut 

Corporal 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

1st Class Boy.. 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Serjeant 

Sergeant 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Bvt. Maj. Gen. 

Corporal 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



Reynolds, Edward H. 

Riar, Charles 

Richard, Sebastian .. 

Riggs, Oilman 

Rockenfield, C S 

Rohrbaugh, John T . 

Rollins, J A 

Ross, Thomas 

Rumsev, John A. . . . . 
Saltzgaber, W H ... 
Sanders, Junius G... 

Scott, ^Valter 

Schelling, Jacob 

Shaw, GeoW 

Sheldon, Jona R. . . 

Shiffhauer, H 

Shown, J O 

Sien, Fredrick 

Simons. A O 

Sims, Wm 

Sligh, James M 

Sloan, Isaac N 

Smith, James S 

Snider, S E 

Soudant, Jos H 

Spitzby, Stephen 

Spurzem, Peter 

Stephan, Adam 

Slaley, Chas 

Staples, Geo E 



Major. 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Qmr. Sergeant. 

Corporal.' 

Private 

I St Sergeant... 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

I St Sergeant. .. 

Sergeant 

Private 

Captain 

Captain 

Private 

Corporal 

Bugler 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private ' 



B 



F 
I 
F 
£ 
I 



A 
H 
G 
F 
F 
B 
B 
F 
G 
D 
D 
I 



I 
F 
D 
L 
A 
E 
G 
F 
B 
F 
G 



C 
M 
M 
I 
C 



F 
E 
B 
I 
I 
F 
D 
E 
K 
F 
K 
F 
G 
B 
C 
K 
B 
F 
F 
G 
I 

H 
I 

D 
B 
D 
H 
K 
Ind. 



SERVICE. 



DIED. 



ist Minn Infantry 

Sth N Y Cavalry'. 

43d Ind Infantry 

ist Conn Heavy Art 

lOth Minn Infantry 

27th Iowa Infantry 

9th Minn Infantry 

2d N Y Heavy Art 

7th Ind Infantry 

1 2th Iowa Infantry 

Sth U S Vet Volunteers.. 

nth Penn Infantry 

3d Iowa Infantry 

2d I..a Cavalry 

2d Kansas Infantry 

119th Illinois Infantry 

iS5th X Y Infantry 

I4gth Penn Infantry 

I32d X Y Infantry 

4th Cal Infantry .' 

79th Ohio Infantry 

Miss Squadron 

79th Ohio Infantry 

22d Vet Res Corps 

ist Wis Cavalry 

2d Minn Battery 

6th Mich Cavalry 

23d N Y Infantry 

th X H Volunteers 

9lh Illinois Cavalry 

Hatch's Bat Minn Cav. .. 

5-«d Illinois Infantry 

St Minn Infantry 

Army Tennessee June 17, 'S7. 

13th XVis Infantry 

1st Mo Cavalry 

ist Mo Cavalry 

33d N J Infantry 

64th Ohio Infantry 

Sth Me Infantry. . .' 

4,th Illinois Infantry 

Kimball's Mo Militia May 21. '96. 

92d Ohio Infantry 

77th Illinois Infantry- 

nth Penn Cavalry 

37th Wis Infantry 

SSth X Y Infantry 

ist Mo Artillery 

iSth Ohio Infantry 

4th Ohio Infantry 

27th Colored Volunteers . 

ith Mo Light Art !J»nc, 1S86.. 

Soth Illinois Infantry. .. 

17th Ind Infantry 

63d Penn Infantry fOct., iSSS.. 

64th Illinois Infantry. .. 

7th Illinois Cavalry 

9th Mich Infantry.". Dec. 21, '92 

194th Ohio Infantry 

ist Mich Engineers 

iSth Illinois Infantry. .. 
82d Ohio Infantry .... 

4th W Va Infantry 

57th Mass Infantry May 21, '95. 

27th Mich Infantry 

4th Mo Infantry 

Mo State Militia 

5th Cal Infantry 

Penn Infantry > Aug-., 1890. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



59 



Wadsworth Post No. 


3, Helena— Continued. 


NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Sterling, Frank P 

Strong, WW 


Sergt. Major. . . 

Captain 

Private 

Captain 

Sergeant 


"k" 

A 
B 

I 


loth Wis Infantry 

14th Illinois Infantry 

7th Ind Infantry 


Mar. 24, '87. 


Stuart, James C 




Swiggette, S A 


36th Iowa Infantry 

3dN Y Artiilerj 

2d Wis Infantry 




Taylor, Geo H 

Thompson, Andrew T. .. 
Thomas, Jas L 




Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

Private 

Serjeant 

Major 

Major 


F 
A 
A 
F 
G 
A 
K 
K 
G 
H 


iSjth N Y Infantry 

ist Ohio Infantry 

2ist Penn Infantry 

5th Kansas Cavalry 

6th Mich Cavalry 

I st Iowa Cavalry 

55th Mass Colored Inf ... 
3a Cal Infantry 




Thomas, Abraham 

Thompson, Robert B 

Titus, David H 


Nov. 8, '95. 


Tooker, John S 




Turner, Davis C 




Turner, Olmstead 

Vance, W H 




Votaw, Alfred C 

Walker, Ed S 


36th Mo Infantry 

2d Kansas Cavalry 

Paymaster L^ S A 

5th Mich Cavalry 

22d Mass Infantry 

loSth U S Colored Inf.... 

USNavv 

9th N Y Infantrv 

4th Minn Infantrv 

3d U S Infantry . ". 




Walker, Kobt C 

Wallace, Robt C 


June 6, '94. . 


Washburn, Alfred Ira... 
Washington, Greenbury. 

Weaver, Fredrick L 

•Webster, Aimer P 

Wheeler, Wm F 


Private 

Private 

Carpenter 

Captain 

Captain 

Qmr. Sergeant. 

Lieutenant 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Lieutenant 

Private 

Private 


B 

H 

"g" 

F 

F 

g 

C 

F 

I 

I 
B 
A 
B 
D 


June 25, '94. 


Whitney, Vincent B 

Whitnev, Lucius 

Winter,' Fitz H 




2d Kansas Cavalry 

33d Mass Infantrj- 

1 2th Illinois Infantry. . . . 
2d Neb Cavalry 




White, Robert 




Winston, P J 




Worcester, C S 


7th Me Infantry 




Workman, John 


23d Mich Infantry 

io6th Ohio Infantry 




Worth ington. Thos 

Wright, Jerome B 

Yeager, Henrv C 




20th Mass Infantrv 





60 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4, Deer Lodge. 



( DISBANDED ) 



NAME. 



Baisrert, Daniel . 
Batkin, W W .... 

Bear, Joshua 

Cameron, Alex .. 
Coleman, Wm . . . 
Coleman, Lew. .. 

Creel, EG 

Curee, James 

Dean, F B 

Douglas. Geo C . 

Eng-le, Perry 

Finnegan, John . . 

Fox, j W 

Galbraith, WmJ. 

Glover, S 

Governey, L 

Guilbeant, Urget 

Hank, GC 

Keiley. John 

Kelly, Michael. .. 
Kennedy, J J. .. . 

Lane, J A , 

McMillan, DJ... 

Martz, B F 

Mills, JasH 

Mills, E P. 

Miller, W B 

Morrison, D A. .. . 

Murphy. Wm , 

Seacli, EM 

Stuart, Sam D . . . , 
Summer, HA . . . . 
Vaughn, John F . ', 
Van Gundy, Jeff . . 
Werner, Daniel . . . 
Witter, W H 



RANK. 



Private . 
2d Lieut 
Private . 
Private . 



Zenor, Howard H Private 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private . 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Private 

Private 

Butrler 

Private 

Order. Sergt. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Seaman 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



I 
G 
H 
G 



K 
C 
G 
M 



C 
B 
B 
G 
A 



A 
A 
D 
A 
D 

I 

K 
D 
G 

I 
(i 
H 



C 
C 
K 
D 
A 
B 
I 
F 



SERVICE. 



31st Wis 

i2th Wis 

6sth Ohio : 

4th Mich 

131st Ohio 

2(i Colo Cavalry 

4Slh Iowa 

nth Mich 

ist Me Artillery 

4th N Y Volunteers . 

3d Md 

145th N Y 

3d Kansas , 

12th Penn 

joth Wis 

General Service 

Jth Vt Infantry , 

2d Bat 19th U S Infantry 

5th Kansas '. . 

7Sth Penn 

St Colo 

6th Me 

7th Illinois 

36th Iowa 

th Penn 

23d Iowa 

i7Sth Penn Volunteers... 
Sth Wis Infantry 



69th NY 

St Iowa . 

17th Ohio 

3d Colo Volunteers. 
5th Ohio Cavalry . . . 
9th Illinois Infantry. 
51st Mo 

4th Ind 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, Q. A. R. 



61 



Custer Post No. 5, Sheridan. 



NAME. 



Comfort, J R 

Courtney, R 

Day, EliasP 

Dickenson, EL ... 

Foster, Thos A 

Gould, Geo 

Green, L A 

Hall, \Vm 

Hardesty, lienry . . . 
Herman, Albert ... 

Jones, Evan } 

Kannston, Hans . .. 

Kidder, H H 

Lemar, H 

Lowman, O R S. 

McCann, John 

M.irshall,J J , 

Means, W A 

Moore, BT 

Moore, ID 

Parmeter, Orville F 

Pease, DA 

Phillips, Frank 

Rightenour, G W... 

Rossiter, H D 

Scholes, CM 

Seiarchrist, Henry.. , 

Talty, Frank 

Taylor, \Vm H 

Thompson, Rilev . . . 
Thompson, D W. . . . 

Thomas, James 

Umspaw, W M . , 



RANK. 


CO. 


Private 


B 


Private 


B 


Private 


K 


Corporal 


B 


Private 


H 


Private 


B 


Private 


A 


Private 


I 


Private 


B 


Private 


C 


Private 


A 


Private 


D 


Private 


M 


Private 


C 


Private 


B 


Private 


I 


Private 


A 


Corporal 


I 


Private 


L 


Private 


I 


Musician 




Private 


I 


Private 


A 


Private 


D 


Corporal 


B 


Private 


M 


Private 


B 


Private 


G 


Private 


C 


Private 


G 


Private 


K 


Private 


G 


Private 


G 



SERVICE. 



37th XY 

Sth N Y H A 

zd Iowa Infantry 

i_i;olh Penn 

2d Minn Infantry ... 

ist Nevada 

6ist Illinois , 

ist Vt Cavalry , 

9th Illinois Cavalry... 

9th Wis 

2d Colo Cavalry , 

2d Neb Cavalry 

2d Cal Cavalry 

9th Penn R 

17th Kansas . .' 

20 Ky Infantry 

St Minn Infantry 

69th Mo 

5th Illinois Cavalry.. 

52d Illinois 

4Jth Illinois 

66th Illinois 

2d Illinois Lig-ht Art. . 

ith Illinois Infantry. . 
22d Illinois Infantry... 

4thN YH A 

40th Ohio 

ist Iowa Cavalry 

loth Maine 

I42d Illinois 

4th Wis Cavalry 

2th Ind Infantry 

Ith Illinois Infantry. . 



62 



TWELFTH AKNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Frank Blair Post No. 6, Virg-inia City. 



NAME. 



Bailey, Win H 

Barker, Geo 

Blake, Henry N 

Bronner, S M 

Bull, AN 

Burns, Geo W 

Callaway, Jas E 

Carruthers, J B 

Childs, H L 

Christnot, Chas F 

Congor, Everton J 

Covely, \Vm I 

Cox, Thos P 

Darreil, Jas W 

Davis, John H 

Deimling, Francis C. . . . 

Febes, Jas H 

Fletcher, Edwin A 

Folgambe, H C 

Gainan, Stephen 

Gloyd, A E 

Mardestry, Henry 

Hayward, P D 

Ilayden, Wm 

1 loffman, Joseph 

How, Jas B 

Howell, HS 

King, John M 

Knight, Albert B 

Kroeger, Henry 

I^ake, Henry B 

I^indsay, David W 

Unsley, O D 

McCalley, J M 

Mason, Albert 

Mather, Enimett 

Metlonder, Edward 

Morris, John W . 

O'Brion, Michael 

Page, James M 

Page, Sam B 

Pickney, Calvin M 

Rogers, AN 

Schmalhausen. N 

Spiller, John 

Sprague, Chas H 

Stark, Eugene 

Stevens, Willis W 

Templeton, Hesikiah . . . 

Williams, John T 

Wood worth, John E. . . . 



RANK. 



Private 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

ist I^ieut 

Private 

Colonel 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Lieut Colonel. 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Colonel 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 



Sergeant. 
Private .. 
Corporal . 
Captain.. 
Private .. 



Private 

Corporal . . . 
Sergeant. .. 
Sergeant. .. 

Private 

Lieutenant. 
Captain . . . . 

Private 

Corporal . . . 
Sergeant . . . 
Sergeant. .. 
Private . . . . 
Sergeant. .. 
Private .... 

Captain 

Private 

Bugler 

Private 

Private 

Private . . . 

Private 

Sergeant. .. 



CO. 



F 
A 
K 
M 
F 
C 



C 
G 
C 



E 
I 

A 
B 



I 
B 
A 
A 
E 
B 



24th Mich 

52d Illinois 

nth Mass 

ist Mich Cavalry .. . 

133d Ohio 

ist Illinois Artillery 

2ist Illinois 

34th NY 

139th Illinois 

12th Wis 

ist D C Cavalry 

Sth U S Cavalry 

119th Illinois 

5th Cavalry M S M . 

41st Illinois 

loth Mo Volunteers 

nth Illinois 

ist Bat Me 

5th Cavalry 

15th Iowa 

1 2th Wis 

9th Illinois 



G 
C 
A 
B 

F 



A 
H 
B 
E 
B 
G 
H 
B 
H 
K 
A 
B 
H 
D 
C 
H 
C 
D 
D 
E 
B 
C 



SERVICE. 



63d NY 

83d Penn Volunteers. 

1st Mo Infantry 

4th N J Volunteers .. 
2d W Va Cavalry.... 



3d Colo Infantry 

76thN Y 

1st N Y Artillery.... 
15th N Y Engineers. 

33d Iowa 

3d Mich . 

ist Vt Cavalry 

istU S Artillery 

126th Illinois 

S7th Illinois 

6th Mich Cavalry . . . . 

15th Vet Infantry 

5th Mich Cavalry.. .. 

43d Mo 

26th Ky... 

nth Illinois 

7th Illinois Cavalry.. 
Mo Vols Tel Corps . . 

17th low^a 

ad Iowa 

2d Wis 

I nth Ohio 



DIED. 



Jan. 2, '86. 



No record. 



1893. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



63 



Farpag"ut Post No. 7, Living'ston. 



NAME. 


prANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Hntton Ottis 


Private 

Private 

ist Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 


5 

G 
C 
H 
F 


35th Illinois VI 




Buchannan, David 


9th Penn Cavalry 

2d Minn Cavalry 


Dec. 26, '92, 


RoTiwell lames 


140th X Y Volunteers . . . 

9th Iowa 

i52d Ohio V I 


Riittler Philin 




Bvard.John 

Carr 15 J 










Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 


B 
H 
A 
B 
A 


1 1 th Ind Volunteers 

^ilh Cavalry 




Clifford lohn 




Collins W F 


2d U S S S 




1 'ordon , Thomas 

Cripnier, James M 

Davis, H G 


X Y Light Artillery 

lOist Penn VI 

35th Ohio Bat 




Davis, Albert P .. 

DeVoe, Henrv 


Private 

Musician 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 


E 
B 
A 
E 

I 
K 
K 
B 
E 

I 
L 
M 
A 
A 
II 
D 
K 
G 
H 
A 
H 

I 

L 
K 
E 
A 
A 
C 
K 
II 
D 
C 
E 

I 

H 
L 


105th Illinois Vols 

14th U S Infantry 

1 2th Illinois Cavalry 

6th Iowa Cavalry . .' 

5th Illinois Cavalry 

4th Wis Cavalrv . ' 




Donaldson, George \V... 

Evans, Jerry 

Ebert, X 






4Sth Wis Infantry 

i6th X Y Infantry 

47th Illinois Infantry 

1st Del Infantry 




Fifield, C C 




Fisher, Peter 

Finegaij Tim 




2d Mo Cavalry 

60th Penn Volunteers 

Sth Mo Infantry . . 

169th N Y 

3d Mich Cavalrv 




Forrht A 










Dec. 26, '93. 




Gear, George 




Gray, John 


3 ist X Y Infantry 

90th Illinois V I 




Grant G W 


46th Ind Infantry 

4th Minn Infantry 

Jth Me Volunteers 

193d Penn , .. . 

6th X Y Heavy Art . . 
12th Ohio VI ....... 




Green, Wm M 




Gould, Anthony B 

Hairis, Alonzo 

Hewitt, Wm H 




llindman, Wm 




Ilicks, A B 


23d X Y Infantry 

ist Penn VRC 

2d Cal Cavairy 




I loops, Pierce 




Hf)ppe Hu*»"h 


Sept. 1895.. 


Ives, Geo R 


14th U S Infantry 

169th Ohio X G 

47lh Illinois Volunteers.. 
123d Penn . . 


Ivaines Albert 




Keoeli, Thomas 

Knoblock, Peter 




LaBarre» I^ewic C 


31st \yis Infantry 




I-ee, H C 


17th Wis Infantry 




Ix-tt, A J 


>8^ 


Linn, Alex 

McCabe, Allen 


20th Penn Cavalry 


McMuHan, Elias 

Mains, ThosJ 


Private 

Private 


K 
I 


30th Iowa Volunteers 

79th X Y Volunteers 




Meigs, Geo P 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

1st Lieut 

Private 

Private 


D 
B 
F 
A 
K 
D 
B 
D 
C 
A 
B 
F 
C 
I 
F 
C 


23dN Y VI 

20th Ind . 




Metcalf, G W 




Xiblock, W^esley 


nSth X Y V I 






Marine Regiment 

Sth Mo Volunteers 

2d Bat Minn Cavalry 

22d Mich VI 




Olten, Louis 

Owen, A E 

Owens, Robt D 




Phillips Nelson 


Sth Mo Cavalry 




Prather, Thomas 

Raed, Jas C 


ist Ore Cavalrv 

I ^th Ohio VI 




Hccder, Geo 


2Sth Wis Volunteers 

40th Wis Infantry 

13th U S Infantry 

20th Illinois VI 




Rcdtield. Wm H 


Sept. 1S9S.. 
Nov. 1894.. 


Reichart, Jacob 

Richardson, David P 


Ristenbatt, Gus 


93d Penn 


Rossiter, Chas W 


7th Ohio VI 





64 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Farrag'ut Post No. 7, Living'Ston—Continued. 



NAME. 



Sample, Jas M 

Savoy, Lewis 

Shafer, John H 

Skillen, John 

Shrake, S R 

Shultz, Samuel 

Smith, Amos C 

Stevens, Sidney 

Taylor, S D 

Thompson, Jessie B. 

Tooley, P H 

Totten, Wm L 

V'aupel, Henry 

Whellon, J M , 

Wright, K \V 

Yeaton, Wm H 



RANK. 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private , 
Private , 
Private 
Private . 
Private , 



2d Lieut 
Private . 
Private . 
Private . 
Private . 



CO. 



B 
C 
B 
F 
G 
G 
B 
H 



H 

F 
F 
G 
K 



SERVICE. 



54th Ind Infantry 

2d N Y Prov 

5th Indiana 

33d N Y Infantry 

2od Wis Infantry 

2ist Illinois VI 

2d Wis VI 

3d Wis Cavalry 

2d Bat ist M A 

2d Ind Cavalry . 



8th N YHeavv Art.. 

197th OhioJV I 

144th Illinois. 

2ist N Y Infantry . .. 
1st N H Volunteers.. 



DIED. 



March, '92. 



Mar 31, '94. 



Steadman Post No. 8, Dillon. 



NAME. 



Bond, Benj 

Blevin, Chas 

Bishop, Jas D 

Connor, John 

Darintzer, Chris 

Gannon, John 

Ilopp, Fredrick 

ifoffman, Louis 

Klemni, Otho 

Lamont, David 

Longhridge, Thos , 
McDowell, Robt. ., 
McCluskv, John ... 
(J'Connor, Thos M 
O I^eary, )ohn F. ., 
Pickman, Henry D 

Scalley, John 

Talent, Isaac , 

Townsend, Jas B. . 
Willis, Ozias 



RANK. 



Sergeant 

Order Sergt . 

Sergeant 

Sergeant 

ist Sergeant. . 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 
Private 



CO. 
D 



D 
G 
E 
G 
K 
E 
B 
A 
B 
A 
F 
G 
B 
A 
H 
E 
K 
I 



SERVICE. 



14th Iowa Infantry . . . . 
Navy Steamer Oyain. . 
130th N Y Vols Inf... 

2d Minn Vet Inf 

14th Iowa Infantry. . . . 
I2th U S Infar.try 

8th Iowa Infantry 

2d U S Vols Inf 

ist Illinois Artillery . , . 
147th Illinois Infantry. 

1st Colo Cavalry 

22d N Y Volunteers. .. 

1st Nev Cavalry 

3d Cal Vols Inf 

i42d Illinois Infantry. . 
50th Mass Infantry. ... 
iSth N H Infantry... 
13th Ky Vols Cavalry. 

4th Iowa Infantry 

42d Mass Infantry . 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



65 



William English Post No. 10, Bozeman. 



NAME. 



RANK. 



Private . . 
I'rivate .. 
Private .. 
Private . . 
Sergeant. 
Priv;ite . . 
1st l-ieut 
Private 
Private .. 
Private .. 

Lieut 

Lieut . . . 
Private . . 



Abbott, J D 

Adams, Aug 

Afflack, Wni 

Alexander, \V J 

Anderson, John 

Axtell,Jolin S 

Barnett. Robert T. . . . 

Barrett Lee 

Battles, HJ 

Berry, Minor 

Booth, Geo A 

Bohart, Peter 

Border, Geo 

Bowen, Win H 

Bushnell, Wm H .... .Serjeant . . . 

Cameron, \Vm D !ist Lieut.. 

Campbell, E F 'Private 

Carlin, John T j Lieut 

Charpie, Alvin B .Musician. . 

Chisholni, OP jid I-ieut ... 

Clarke, .\ D |Privale 

Coburn, John iColonel 

Copple, Elza Private .... 

Copple. Gotlieb Private 

Cook, Jos \V Seisreant... 

Corblv, J I Serirtant .. 

Drennan, Jas W j Private 

Dunn, \V D i.\sst Sergt. 

Eastman, Henry E jPrivate 

Eaton, Geo O. .". . .. . j i'rivate 

Edens, John Private 

Edsall, Andrew J Private 

Edwards, Ro»ccr Il,ieut 

Ellison, Chas F Private 

Emmil, Peter iPrivate .... 

Ferri.s Ed F Lieut Col . . 



Flanders, Geo \V . . 

Flahartv, .Marion 

Fltig^le.' A 

Poster, Luther 

Fox, John H 

Gallagher, John 

Gaskill, Geo 

Goings, Patrick 

Grodivent, Daniel B. 

Guile, Wm H 

Hanson, John 

Harper, S A 



ist Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Drum Major. 

Private 

Private 

Farrier. 
Priv.ite 

Private 

Corporal 

Private 



Harder, J X iPrivate 



Private . 
Private 
Corporal, 
Private . 



Ha.>;kins, Marvin 

Hellinger, Henry 

Holmes, Chas . .". 

Hoir.H R 

Hulbert, C R ..Private 

Jenkins. J B Private 

Jones, Thos M Private 

Jones, O P JLieut.. 

Kennedy, Jas H i 

Knowles, ME 'Private 



CO. ! 



A 
I 
C 
A 
H 
E 



A 
E 
H 
K 
H 
A 
B 



M 

F 

c' 

D 



K 
B 
F 
A 
F 



I 

I 
A 
M 
E 
I 



B 
E 



SERVICE. 



DIED. 



G 
C 
C 
D 
A 
C 
C 
E 
D 
C 
G 

I ' 
K 
C 
K 



3d Del Infantry 

5th Kan Cavalry 

Z2i\ Illinois Infantry 

2d Wis Cavalry . . ." 

I St Kan Colored 

6th Miih cavalry 

1th Penu Heavv Art... 

2<1 Minn Infantrv 

.Mo Stale Militia'. 

7II1 Ind Infantrv 

9Sth .N' V Infantry. .. 

i^tl Illinois ." Ko record. 

73d Ind Infantrv 

1st V'l Cavalry] 

gth Illinois 

jjoth X '\' Engineers... 

Sth Iowa Cavalry 

Sjd Ohio Infant' V 

151st Ind Infantrv 

ii53d Illinois Infantrv ., 
I i4jd Ohio Infantry. ". . . . 

\^d Indiana. ... 

:i6ih Kansas Cavalry. ., 

iVIo Light Artillery 

Sth Illinois. Cavalry 

Ih I'lwa Infantrv 

SSth \ Y Infantry 

iist Ind Volunteers !Xo record. 

'3<l Wis Infantry 

i-;lh Maine 

7tb Ky Infantry 

j I St X J Cavalry 

,4Sth Xew Vork 

! 1 24th Illinois 

!X V Reg 

;i4th Wisconsin 

i^th Vt Infantry 

:i02d Ohio Infantry 

1126th I'a Infantry 

;3d Iowa Cavalry 

; loist Illinois Infantrv.. 
j^th U S Infantrv. ...... 



3d X J Infantrv 

31I U .S Cavalry 

57th Pa Infantry 

i3d Iowa Cavalry 

i42d Illinois Infantry.. 

I22d Ohio '. 

1 12th Michigan .. 

|S3d Illinois 

195th Penn Infantry 

ist Minn Cavalry 

ist Iowa Artillerv 

1 2d Penn Cavalry 

16th Penn Cavalry 

i3ist Wis Infantrv 

jioth R I Infantrv 

i2d Bat Mo State" Militia. 



193d Ohio Infantry 



No record. 



68 



TWELFTH A^.NUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missoula Continued. 



NAME. 



Kessner, E 

Koc'.i, Chas 

I>amont, Hugh 

Landers, Wm 

Lane, Roht I^ 

Lease, Jerimiah 

Lathrop, C T 

Lighten, John B 

Uvingston, W J 

Lombard, C W , 

McClung, TJ 

McFarland, G W 

McNeil, Chas S 

Maden, Win 

Martin. Patrick 

Moore, Andrew W .. 

Moore, J W 

Mosley, Robt 

Niemer, Gust.ave 
Nihart, Wm II . .. 

Owens, Kobt D 

Payne, Forrest H 

Pease, Geo A 

Pearce, Geo 

Pierce, M H 

Plume, David J 

I^otter, Wni P 

Pryor, Geo 

Havmer, Wni H 

Keid, Wm H 

Rice, Henry C 

Ritzins, Henry P .. .. 

Rogers, Jas 

Rogers Mortimer F . . 

Ryan , Thos 

SHirey, Solomon 

Simmons, Leroy 

Simpson, E R L 

Sloane, lohn J, 

Swanson. John A.... 

Thirion, Phil C 

Tower, E M 

Tracy, John S 

Van Alstine, Chas. .. 

Waldrip, Jas -. . 

Wileoxen, Samuel C. 

Williams, Thos 

Woodruff, Ezra 

Wright, Wm H 

Voung, Jas 

Xwanzig, Geo A 



RANK. 



Private 

Private 

Private 

Private. . .. 
Private .. .. 

Private 

Private . . . . 
Musician . . . 
Q M Sergt. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Seaman .... 

Private 

Private 

I St Lieut. .. 
Private 
Private ... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

I si Sergt. 

Private 

Musician. .. 
Private 



Private. . . 
Sergeant . 
Private. .. 
Private. . . 
Private. .. 
Private. . . 
Private. . . 
Private. .. 
Private. . 
Private... 
Privi.te. .'. 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



CO. 

B 
F 
C 
K 
L 
A 
B 



I 

K 
A 



B 
K 
G 
A 
C 
E 
F 
B 
E 
K 
B 
F 
D 

a" 

G 



M 
A 
I 
G 
G 
E 



D 
A 
K 
D 



SERVICE. 



22i\ Ohio 

i7lh Mo Infantry 

67th Illi.-ois Vofunteeis.. 
S7th Illinois V Infantry.. 

2d Cal Cavalry 

79th N Y V Infantry .... 

6th Mich HA ". 

U S Mar Corps 

72d N V Volunteers 

jd Minn V Infantry 

8th Illinois V Infantry... 
124th Penn Volunteers. .. 

U S Nav 

i2th Ohio Volunteers 

.^d U S Infantry 

7th Illinois Mounted Inf.. 

i52d Penn Heavy Art 

2d Illinois Cnvalry 

35th Mass Infantry 

ist P M Pennsylvania . .. 

22d Mich V Infantry 

23d N Y Volunteers 

22d Me \' Infantry 

6th Cal Infantry.." 

20th Iowa Infantry 

3d Bat Mo State Militia.. 

ist Bat Light Art 

I St N Y Infantry 

46th Illinois V infantry.. 



1st Colo Cavalrv 

52d N Y Volunteers 

176th N Y Infantry 

3d Wis Cava Iry 

1st N J V Infantry , 

nth Mieh Volunteers 

30th Vn Mass H Art . 

i9lh Illinois Volunteers., 
5th X Y V Volunteers.. 

37th vv IS Volunteers 

isl Wo Artillery 



D 
A 
K 
G 
I 
B 
G 
B 
B 



15th Ind Volunteers 

I2th Illinois Volunteers. 
ii6th Ind Volunteers ... 

i2ist Ind Cavalry 

2d N Y Artillery 

15th Ky Volunteers.... . 
nth Ohio Volunteers ... 

6th Penn Cavalry 

liCth X Y Heavy Art ... 



DIED. 



No record . 



Jan. 2, '91.. 
Feb. iS, '8S. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



67 



Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, Missoula. 



NAME. 


RANK 
Private 


CO. 


SERVICE 


DIED. 


Armstrong, John N 

Atcherson, C K 


A 
A 
H 
G 
F 
C 
A 
D 
E 
C 
C 
G 
B 


40th Wis Volunteers 

3d Vl Volunteers 

42d N V N'olunteers 

id Illinois Light Art 

i4Sth N Y V Infantry... 
104th X Y Volunteers . .. 

nth Penn Res Corps 

i4Sth N Y V Infantry 

114th X Y Volunteers . .. 

91st Penn Infantn,- 

Eng Regt of the West. .. 

2d S' Y Cavalry 

13th Mo Volunteers 

I St Xeb Volunteers 

70th Ind Infantry 

Soth Ohio Volunteers . 

47th Wis Volunteers 

5th Cal Infantrv 




Private. 




Bauer, .\ugust 


Private. . 
Private 




Barrv, John . 




Bancroft, W E 


Private 




Beardslev Orlillus ...... 

Bendon,'Nath'I J 

Bcllew, Samuel 


Private 

Private. 

Private 


■89s 


Bodertha, Geo W 

Bourneville, Chas 


Private 

Corporal 

Private 




Bones, Royal M 




Bradt.JacobA 


Private 




Brodreclit, Wm 


Private 


May 23, '87. 


Brown, Jos 


Bruner, John 


Private 


E 
B 
F 
I 

K 
C 
H 
E 
A 
E 
A 
I 
L 
B 
F 
C 
D 
A 
H 
O 
D 

? 

E 

A 

K 

H 

E 

F 

K 

K 

K 

D 

D 

I 

A 

"a" 

E 
G 
M 
M 
A 
F 
I 




Buker, -Anderson 


Private .• 




Buscher, Chas 


Private 

Private 




Canon, Exekiel 




Cnntwell, Jas 


Private 


1st U S Inf.intrv 




Catiin, Pope 


Private. 


4Sth Ind \'olunteers 

S7th Ind V Infantry 

2^d Ohio V Infantry 

93d X Y Voluntiers .. .. 

11th Iowa Volunteers 

ist Ohio Light /Xrlillery. 

^d Minn \'olunteers 

Sth Mich Cavalry 

1st US Infantrv 




Catlin, John B 


Private 




Chaniberlin, J S 

Christman, David 


Private 




Private 




Christmas, Major 

Clark, V A 


Private 


May 23, '88. 


Private 


Cline, E \V 


Private 

Private 

Musician 

Private 

Private 

I'rivate 




Cochran, las 




Conwav. Edward 




Danforth, David 

Dickinson, W H H 

Dockstadter, Alhe>t 


21st Mo Volunteers 

13th Kan V Infantry 

2Jd Wis Voliinleers 

1st Ore Infantrv 


Dec. ID, '85. 


Eddv. Albert P 


Private 




Ejjan, Wm 


Private 


5th U S A.tillerv 

18th N Y Cavalry 

2Sth Mich Volunteers.... 

17th Illinois Infantry 

3d Wis Ca valrv 




Eisekamp, Louis 


Private 




Felton, Chester 

Fisher, Eli 


Private. . . 

Private 

Private. 




Fletcher, James E 


Oct. 1895... 


Fordham, Elra A 


Private, 


ist X Y Litrht' Artillery. 
33d Mo Militia 


Frv, Wm 


Private. 




Fuikerson, Wallace W. .. 


Private 


3d X Y Volunteers 

17th Mass Infantry 

ii2lh Illinois V Infantry. 

12th Illinois Cavalry 

^st Iowa V Vols 

6th Iowa Volunteers 

io6th Penn V Infantry... 

49th 1' S Infantry . . " 

I4tli Ohio Infantrv 

i.st Minn Heavy .^irt 

4Slh Ind Volunteers 

nth US Infantry 

9th N Y Cavalrv 


Mar. 21, '91. 


Gardner, Geo E 


Private. 


Garrett, John E 


Private. 




Gecr. Suabel 


Piivate 




Gibson, Silas D 


Private 

Private 




Grant, Pleasant F 




Grantier, I. W 






Green, F E 


Private 

Corporal 

Private 




Hartman, Geo B.... 
Harlan, W B .... 




Hatch, Luke D 


Private. 




Head, Geo E 


1st Lieut 

Musician 

Private 




Hollenbeck. H C. 




Irvmg, Laf e J 


I42d Illinois Volunteers.. 

ist Iowa Volunteers 

1st Iowa Cavalrv. 

I2th N Y Cavalry 

52d Ind Infantrv j 




Jamieson, Frank N 


Private 




Jenkins, G W 


Private 




Kelsev, Wm 


Private 


Apl 2, '87.. 


Kennedv, Will 


Musician 

Private 

Sergeant 


Kennev", E A 


15th Conn Volunteers. . .. i 
29th Mo Volunteers ' 




Kennett, Ferd 





68 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Fred Winthrop Post No. 


11, 


Missoula Continued. 


NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 

B 
F 
C 
K 
L 
A 
B 

" I " 
K 
A 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 




Private 


22d Ohio 






Private 


lyih Mo Infantry 

67th Illi.-ois Vofunteeis.. 
S7th Illinois V Infantry.. 

2d Cal Cavalry 

79th X V V Infantrv .... 
6th Mich H.\ " 




T 'imont Mu?h 


Private 




I-,iinders \Vm 


Private 

Private 

Private 




Lane. Robt I 




Lease, lerimiah 




Lathrop, C T 


Private 

Musician 

Q M Sergt 

Private 




Lighte 1, John B 


U S Mar Corps 




Livingston, W J 


72d N V Volunteers 

3d Minn V Infantry 

Sth Illinois V Infantrv... 
124th Penn Volunteers... 
U S Nav . . 


N record 


Lombard, C W 




McClung, TJ 

McFarland, G W ... 


Private 




Private 




McNeil, Chas S 


Seaman 






Private 


B 
B 
G 
A 
C 
E 
F 
B 
E 
K 
B 
F 
D 

"a' 

G 


i2th Ohio Volunteers.... 
^d U S Infantry 




Martin, Patrick 


Private 




Moore, .Andrew W 

Moore.J W 


ist Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


7th Illinois Mounted Inf.. 

I52d Penn Heavy Art 

2d Illinois CnvalVy 

35th Mass Infantry 

i.st P M Pennsylvania ... 

22d Mich V Infantrv 

23d X V Volunteers 

22d Me \' Infantrv 

6th Cal Infantrv 




Mosley, Robt 

Xiemer, Gustave 

Nihart, Wm H 




Owens, Robt D 


Private 




Pavne, Forrest H . . 


Private 




Pease, Geo A 


Private 




Pearce, Geo 


Private 




Pierce, M H 


Private 


20th Iowa Infantrv 

2d Bat Mo State Militia.. 

ist Bat Light Art 

ist N' V Infantrv 




Phime, DavidJ 


I St Sergt 

Private 

Musician 

Private 




Potter, Wm P 




Prvor, Geo 




Raynier, Wni H 


46th Illinois V infantry.. 




Reid, Wm H 










M 
A 

I 
G 
G 
E 

■ b' 

A 
K 
D 


ist Colo Cavalry 

52d X Y Volunteers 

176th X V Infantry 

3d Wis Ca va Irv 




Ritzins, Henry P 

Roirers. las 


Sergeant 

Private 




Rojjers Mortimer F 


Private 




Rvan, Thos 


Private 


1st X J V Infantry 

nth Alieh \'olunt'eers.... 

30th Vn MassH Art 

iglh Illinois Volunteers.. 
5th X V V Volunteers... 

37th v\ IS \'olunlcers 

ist Wo Artillery 




Shirev. Soiomon. .... 


Private 




Simmons, Leroy 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 




Simpson, K R Ij 




Sloane, John L 




Swanson. John A 




Thirion, Phil C 


Priv:.te. .'. 




Tower, K M 






Tracv, John S 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


D 
A 
K 
G 
I 
B 
G 
B 
p. 


15th Ind Volunteers 

r2th Illinois Volunteers.. 

ii6th Ind Volunteers 

!2ist Ind Cavalry 

2d X V Artillery. ... 




Van Alstine, Chas 

Waldrip, Jas 


Jan. 2, 'pi.. 
Feb. 18. '8S 


AV'ileoxen, S.imuel C 

Williams, Thos 


Woodruff, Ezra 


15th Ky Volunteers 

nth Ohio Volunteers .... 

6th Penn Cavalry 

Kth X V Heavy Art 




Wright, Wm H 




\'oung , Jas 

Zwanzig, Geo A 





DEPARTMENT OP' MONTANA, G. A. R. 



69 



Thomas L. Kane Post No. 12, Glendive. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Allen, Jos W 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Sergeant 

ist Lieut 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Corporal 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 


F 
C 
G 
A 
I 
K 
K 
B 
B 
L 
F 
F 
D 
K 
F 


ist Kan Infantry 

7th Illinois Cavalry 

20th Conn Infantry 

nth Penn Res Corps 

13th Mo Cavalry 

I42d N Y Infantry 

44th Ind Infantry 

1st Mich Infantry 

ist Nev Cavalry' 

ist Minn Infantry 

9th Conn Infantry 

Qth N J Infantry 








Bamber, John 

Bendon, Nath'l J 

Bangs, Wm C 

Burns, John I 

Bennett, Norris S 

Brown, David 




Bonham, Philip 




Coleman, Wilbur M 

Coyle, J as 


Feb. 28, '93. 


Cyphers. Philip 


Curmins, Richard R . .... 
Dalv, Jas 


124th Penn Vet Vols .... 

ist Md or Cole's Cav 

^id N 1 Infantry 




Du%, Jas 


Feb. iS, '92. 


Dailey, Jas W. ... 




Davis, Geo R 


Drummer 


C 


42d Wis Infantry 




Egan, Alichael 




Perrons, John 


Private 

Seaman 


A 


icth Conn Infantry 

U S S Louisuiiie 




Frederick, Henrv 




Fish, Barton W 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Farrier. ., 

ist Lieut 

Private 

i.st Ser}»t 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Priva'e 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


D 
A 

C 

I 

D 
L 
K 
C 

"a" 

G 
I{ 
F 
K 
F 
L 
G 
D 
E 
E 
F 
B 
I 


104th N Y Infantry 

!St Penn V R C Inf 

31st N Y Infantry 

6th N Y Infantry 

8th Ky Infantry 


July 2, '91 . . 


Hoopes, Pierce Jr 

Hirschfield, Jacob 

Insco, Jas W* 


Ledford. John S 




Middleham, Wm H 

McClung, Tlios 


9th Illinois Cavalry 

8th Illinois Infantry 

9th N Y Infantry 

19th Conn Infantry 

50th Ohio Infantry 

136th Illinois Infantry 

S6th Illinois Infantry' 

47th Kv Infantry. 

158th N Y Infantry ...... 

2d Iowa Infantry '. 

6th Iowa Cavalry 

2d N Y Heavy Art 

:st M Cavalry 


No record. 


MtFerren, Henry 

McCormick, Jas' 

McWhirk. Geo B 

Newton, Geo H 




Newion, Wm W 

Noe, Benj H.... 




Richmond, Geo D 

Robinson, Rich ird R 

Riley, Jas F 


June 22, '93. 


Slawson, Eben 






Shaub, JohnS 


191st Ohio Infantry .. . 
Ind Bat Minn Cav'alry . .. 

2d Iowa Cavalry 

1st Wis Heavy Art . . 
4th Minn Infantry 




Tuttle, Henrv C 




Treat, Robt M 


Mar. 2, '87. 


Tranmer, Chas . 

Van Blaricomb, Levi 

Vunk, Roljt 




Walton, John E 


Private 

ist Class Firmn 
Musician 


C 

■'ii' 


looth Penn Infantry 




Waters, Ela C 


38th Wis Infantry 





70 



TWELFTH -ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



McPherson Post No. 13, Boulder (Disbanded.) 


NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 




Ax Albert 


Musician 

Priv.ite 

Musician 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Captain 

Private 

Sergeant. ..... 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Bugler 

Sergeant 

I'rivate 

Private 

Corporal 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Ship Captain. . . 


"b" 

H 

I 

I 
C 
H 
R 
B 
A 

I 

G 
M 
K 

"b" 

K 
B 
M 
A 
C 
B 
B 


6^d Ind Infantry 




RaileVi Krank 


124th Illinois Infantrji . .. 

Sth Colo \'oluoteers 

Q5th Illinois Infantry 

26th Kentucky 

25th Wis Infantry 

2:;th Michigan 








Bell, Alex 




Bowles, Geo L 














2(1 Mich Infvntry 

4th Wis Cavalry 

Sth U S Infantry 

43d Illinois Infantry 

91st Ohio Infantry' 

2d Cal Cavalry 

S6th N Y Infantry 

ist Mini"- Bat 




CoWiin, Cieo F 




Dailev. J P 












Gibbings, Win 11 

Gilkey. John W 




Hall, M K 




Harper, Samuel S 

Harris, I^vman E 

Hoopes, Ben j K 

Kello2-tr. las M 


9th Pent! Ca vnlry 

loth Ohio Cavalry 

14th Pen n Cavalry 

1st New Mexico 




KenneJv Will 


(52d Ind- Indiana 




McGrath Edward M.... 

Marsh, Alor.zo A 

Meba, Mathias 


Hatch's Bar Minn Cav. .. 

2Sth Ohio Veterans 

72d Ohio Infantry 




]VIeoiir, Fred L 






Private 

Sergeant 


K 


S5th Ohio Cavalry 

6th Vet Res Corps 

S2d Illinois Infantry 

2 1st Mo Infantry 




Miller Jas H 




Moore, John S 


Private 

Corporal 

Prix ate 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Captain 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 


I 
K 
H 
C 
D 
H 
D 
K 
A 
A 
K 
G 
E 
H 
D 




Nelson las H 




Nye, Enoch R 


77th Illinois 




Park, Perry H 


8th Iowa Cavalry 

2d Ind Bat Pa Inf 

2d Cal Cavalry 

17th Massachusetts 

3d W Va Infantry 

92d Ohio Infantry » . 

22d Iowa Infantry 

2d Cal Cavalry..: 

4th N Y Cavalry 




Paquin, Jaques B 

Rain, Wm A 




Sargant, Chas A 




Shrene, Benj F 




Sleigh, Geo W 

Street, Selva S 




TenEvck, Geo 

Tole Lewis H 




Winslow Jos 


20th Me Infantry 

4th Minn Infantry 




Win.ston, Jerimiah C 





DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



71 



U. S. Grant Post No. 14, Miles City. 



NAME. 



Brvan, T J... .... 

Campbell, RE.. 
Dolfer, Andrew . 
Donnelly, H S . .*. 
Dowling, Joe.. .. 

Harrigan, Dan. . . 

Joke H 

Kendal, I. 

Know, Wm F . . . 

Miner, J H 

Silverberg, Geo.. 
Thompson Chas. 
Voung, Chas 



RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


Private 


D 


nth Illinois Infantry 


Private 


G 


47th Iowa Infantry 


Private 


H 


Sth N J Infantrv 


Private 


I 


ii2lhPenn Infantry 


Privaie 


H 


ist U S Artillerv 


orporal 


I 


2ist N V Cavalry 


Private 


A 


15th Mo Infantrv 


Private 


C 


44th Iowa Infantry 


Private 


B 


77th Ohio V Infantry 


Private 


F 


6th Minn Infantrv 


Privaie 


C 


31st N Y Infantrv 


Private 


F 


Kjth Mass Infantrv 


Private 


F 


6th Ohio V Infantrv 



GeoFg'e G. Meade Post No. 16, Anaconda. 



.VAME. 



Davidson, T C 

Wisner, J b 

Kinney, James 

Short, Augustus 

Golder, Eber 

Gates, Austin B 

Collins, Virgii H 

Bishop, J K 

Cannovan, John 

Collins. Wm R 

Morley, N H 

Lamont, T J 

Stevens. A P 

Bancroft, G W 

Eastman, T P 

Sweeney, Benjamin . . . . 

Meyer, ilenrv 

Vosen, William .... . . 

Andrews, Patrick J M. 

Lingo, Archibald 

Keever, William M 

Whitnev, Winfield S. . . 

Gilbert,' Henry S 

Stevens, Alfred S 

Rockefeller, IM 

Weaver, AC 

Howich, Pat 

Walker, Thomas D . . . . 
Hertz, Daniel 



NAME. 



Rakats, P>ank 

Butler, W J 

Hunt, II C 

Deeker, Abraham 

Turnev, W W 

Earl, J T 

Bowers, Hiiam 

Muller, Charles 

Marchion, John 

Haight, CAV 

Zumbrum. C L . 

Hans, 'oseph 

Johnson, Bernard W. . 

Hurst, Jacob 

Barry, John 

Appleby, William .... 

Wallace, Hiram 

James, J T 

O'Learv, Timothv . . . . 
Winters, Joseph B . . . . 

Forrest, John 

Hallahan, John 

Edwards, Roger 

Johnson, King 

Evans, Dayid 

Waterbury, Edwin H . 

Elston, George 

Storm, Ira 

Wright, William N . . . 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Sheridan Post No. 18, Great Falls. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SEkVICE. 




Armstrong, Felix 

A.shen, John F 

Buckingham, John 

Bournanville Chas E 

Beecher, U W 


Private ... 

Private 

Private 


G 
H 


15th Ind Infantry 

nth Illinois Infantry 

Chicago Brd Trade Bat . . 

91st Penn Infantry 

43d Ind Infantrv .' 




Z^orporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 


B 
D 

G 

I 




Bishoff, WH F 


2d Minn Cavalry 

Sth Minn Infantry 

U S S Wamchesett 

129th Ind Infantry .._..... 
15th Iowa Infantry. .*. .. .. 

logth Penn Infantry 

1 53d N Y Infantry 

i6th Wis Infantry 

14th Mich Infantry 

51st Mo Infantry. 




Brustle, John 




Blake, John 




Combs, Frank 

Clark, John W 


Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

2d Lieut 

Private 

Btswaim's Mate 

Private 

Color Sergt 

Private .... ... 

Private ....• 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Musician 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Q M Sergt 

Priyale 


E 
K 
G 
C 
K 
G 
I 

A 
E 

"b." 

A 

F 
B 
C 

f 

D 
K 
K 
B 
F 
A 
K 
F 
E 
I 




Cleveland, Wni M 

Carr, John 




Chilson, Nelson . ...... 

Caldwell, Peter 




Cooper, OS 




I^ean, Samuel 


3d Penn Art 




Drake, Sinieon 


38lh Iowa Infantry 

U S Navy 




Darcy, Peter 

Evans, John H 

Epler, J C 




2d Iowa Cavalry 




oth Minn Infantry 

47th Ohio Infantry 

14th Ohio Infantry 

174th X Y Infantry 

94th .\ Y Infantry 

i6th Ohio Infantrv 

iSth Wis Infantry'. 

124th Illinois Infantry 

22d Illinois Infantry 

6th Ky Cavalrv 

2ist'N Y Infantry 

36th Illinois Infantry 

20th Me Infantry 




Fisher. David 




Cjregg, JO 




Gibson, Jas 




Heldt, F G 

llnuzburger, John. 
Hughs, P H." 




Hodges, Sheldon 

Hutchinson, H M 

Hall, H G 




Harbold, Philip 

Hodges.D K 




Ingrabam, I 




Leach, \V 

Littiefield, | M .... 


86th Ind Infantry . 

1st Me Cavalry 




Leonard, J E 


Hatch's Minn Cavalry . . . 

ist Colo Cavalry 

128th Ohio Infantry 




Mitchell, E M 




Mohs, John 




Macqueen. W M 




McBratnev. W C 

Marier, \V F 


Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

ist Lieut.. .. .. . 

Private 

Private .... 


G 
C 
D 
D 
A 
E 
G 
B 
F 
E 
A 
D 
IX 


i9Sth Penn Infantry 

3d Penn Artillerv 

MoH G '. 




McDonald, Sterling 

Martimn, Jas M 




looth Penn Infantry 

iSth Vl Infaptry 




Moody, William 




Osbourn, John 


1st Bat Mass Cavalry.... 

104th Illinois Infantry 

50th Ind Infantry 

8th Wis Infantrv. 




Porter, SB 

Peck. L W 




Robbins, G M 




Riley, Thos 


Sth Illinois Cavalry 

139th Illinois Infantry.... 

nth Penn Cavalry . 

24th N Y Infanlrj' 

U S Gunboat. . 

57th Penn Infantry 

135th Penn rnf;intry 

22d Mass Infantry 

31st N Y Infantry 

96th Ohio Infantrv 




Robinson, Chas H 

Reese. Geo S 




Saftord, W H 

Sutherland, AD 




Tliayer, C E 


Sergeant 

Corporal 

Private 

Private 

Private 


G 
A 
B 
K 
A 




Walker, las A 




Washburn, A I 

VVhltbeck, S M 




Zimmerman, A T 





DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



73 



James A. Shields Post No. 19, Lewistowm 



NAME. 



Armould, John P.. . 

Archer, Chas 

Bowman, Wm J . . . . 
Bowman, Benson H 
Bremson, Alandre . . 
Bedford, David J . . . 
Bloom, Henry C. . . . 
Bartholomew, Jerry 

Coder, S L 

Corwin, Walter S... 

Crutzman, Wm 

Cunningham, Geo . . 

Dove, Jackson 

Dearer, Jas • 

Fishbur, Benj F" . . . . 

Frost, Thos J 

Gregory, 'i hos 

Gudgell, Robt E 

Harper, Samuel S 

Keiley, Oscar O W . 

I-oring, Wm G 

McCort, John 

Macombe-, Alonzo . 
Montgomery, Jas H , 

Nelson, John B , 

Pott, Wm 

Richard, W Noble. . 

Reed, Louis A 

Richard, Thos S 

Slover, Wm 

Smith, Louis 

Spencer, Chas 

Thompson, Chas 

Wash, Ahabb , 

Winter, John W 



RANK. 



Sergeant . 



Corporal . 



ist Scrgt. 
Sergeant. 



Private 



Private . . 
Sergeant. 



Major 



CO. 



D 

I 
L 
F 
B 
K 
A 
G 
H 
A 
D 
A 
B 
E 
K 

I 
K 

I 
B 
E 
G 
D 
L 
B 
A 
G 
F 



G 
B 
B 
F 

K 



SERVICE. 



7th Ind Cavalry 

6th Ky Artillery. . . . . 

I St Iowa Cavalry 

9th Kan Cavalry 

54th Mass lafantry 

133d Illinois Infantry. .. 

8th Ohio Infantry 

52d Illinois Infantry.... 

I St Nebraska 

9th Kan Cavalry 

1st Mo Light Art 

U S Signal Corps 

Sth Illinois Infantry . . . 

Sth New York 

6th Kan Cavalry 

3d Iowa Cavalry 

157th Illinois. ..'. 

Mo Cavalry . ., 

9th Penn Cavalry 

26th Ind Volunteers . . . 

3d Mo Cavalry 

20th Wis Cavalry 

57th Illinois 

147th Illinois 

3d X Y Artillery 

59th Illinois Infantry. . . 
iSth Wisconsin 



3d Bat Penn R V C. 
St Ark Infantry. . . 
6ist Mo Infantry. ... 
3d N Y Cavalry . . . . 
19th Mass Infantry . 
4th Iowa Cavalry... 



«vd. 




•74 



TWELFTH ANNUAL, ENCAMPMENT 



John C. Fremont Post No. 21, Hamilton. 



NAME. 



Adair, Thos 

Allen, Edward W 

Arinslrong-, John A 

Bourjfon, Frank 

Bugby, Levi B . 

Cameron, I- 

Clark, W D 

Coen, Simon S 

Dellaven, Edward L ... 

Florida, Milton 

Grant, H II 

Gregg, OP 

Grey, Geo O . . 

Grover, Jared 

Hannon, Geo W 

Harlan, Wm B 

Havilin, A J 

Hendrickson, Barton W. 

Hoffman, Frederick 

Holt,TJ 

Hinnble, John L. 

Johnson, Haainan 

Lockwood, Manson A . . . 

McCoy, Wm H 

McCracken, Jos 

O verturf, Jacob B 

Park, WJ 

Steele, W H 

Tuttte, Henrv C 

Ward, Geo \V 

Warden, Wm 

Wiles, Edward B 

Wilkerson, Andrew 



RANK. 



Private 
Private 



Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 
Private 



Private 



Private 
Private 



Private 
Private 



Private 
Private 
Private 



Private 
Private 



CO. 



1 
C 



B 
C 
H 
A 
B 



B 
A 
B 
C 
B 

I 
F 
D 
H 
H 
D 
C 
F 
D 
M 
G 
B 
G 



K 
D 

E 



SERVICE. 



2d Mo L A . 
2d Colorado. 



8ist Ohio 

iSth Wisconsin 

28th Illinois 

1 2th Kansas 

1st Nev Infantry 

U S S Pawnee & Mich Inf 

35th New York 

2a Wisconsin 

3 1 St Indiana 

Si;th Indiana 

I St Nevada 

I ith Kan Cavalry 

I St Minn Heavy Art 

45th Missouri 

iS6th Indiana 

22d Ohio Infantry 

4Sth Mo M 

i6tn Mo Covalry 

loth Illinois 

5th Vermont 

73d Indiana 

9th Penn Cavalry 

14th Iowa Infantry 

34th Iowa 

Syth E Mo M 

3d Ind Bat Minn Cav 

76th EMo M 

4th Kansas . 

I St Colo Cavalry 



* DischVed 



REM'KS. 



* Dishonorably discharged. 



v 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



75 



Burnside Post No. 22, Phillipsburg. 




NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 


DIED. 


Allison, VVS 

Bus^y, Jos 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


F 
D 
H 


iith Minn Volunteers 

173d Ohio 








Cogill, Latham 






Davis, Peter 


Private 








Deg-enhart, Len C 

Ep-srje^ton HI 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


F 
K 
A 
D 
K 
F 
N 
H 
G 
C 
L 
F 
A 
H 
H 
C 
I 
D 
A 


6th Wis Infantry 

3d Wis Infantry 

2d Illinois Cavalry 

2d Illinois Light Art 

72d Indiana 




Fletcher, Samuel H 

Oaisev. lohn 




Giiskell, Benj K 




Gillis, A D 


3d Wis Infantry 




Tenkins Geo W 


2d Io\ya Cavalry ., 




Tohnson. H O 


9th Ind Infantry 

i6th N Y Volunteers 

2d Peim ArtilTery 

loth N V Heavy Art 

2d N Y Artillery 




Kennedy, Andrew 




Matthews, Jerome 

Neff, Patrick J 




Pardee, J R 


2d Ohio Cavalry 

6th Me Infantrv 




Parkman, Russell 




Pence Lawrence 

Pennell, Edward O 


iSth U S Infantry 

I ith Me Infantrv 




Perriman, John A 

Powell, Elijah 


2d Mo Light Aft 

looth Penn Infantry 

ist Mo Infantry 




Reitnbain, R T 




Kilev, Jas E 


March 1892. 
March 1894. 


Selders, Robt 








Sharp, Morris 


Private 

Private 


E 

c 


n6th Penn Infantry 

ad Wis Infantry 


Sprague, Samuel 













76 



TWELFTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Nat Lyons Post No. 23, Kalispell. 



NAME. 


RANK. 


CO. 


SERVICE. 




Abbott, Theo 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


A 

I 
E 
D 
A 


9th N Y Infantry 

9th Minn Infantry .... 

1st Mich Artillery 

4th N V Artillery 

5th Mich Infantry 

U S Navy 




Aperer, Milo B 




Ayres, J Ilenrv 




Bowdish, John' D 

Burgovne, C E 




Bnrnhani, Eugene M 




Burton, Henry VV 

Christy, Thos 

Davis, John A 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private ...'. 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 

Sergeant 

Private 


E 
A. 
K 
C 
M 
C 
K 
G 
C 
B 
C 
D 
C 
B 
D 
B 
E 
*C 
D 

G 
B 
I 

D 
B 
C 
B 
M 
I 
G 
B 
H 
F 
D 
A 
A 
K 
L 
I 

G 
L 
E 
F 
C 
C 


8th Mo State Militia 

I ith Penn Cavalry ..... . . 

7th Mich Infantry 

34th Ohio Infantry 




Dunn, \'ictor E 




Eaton, Jas D 




Elmer, Jas 

Emmerson, Wni P 


17th Iowa Infantry 

8th Me Infantry 




Ford, Jas A . 

Force, Xelson K. 


32d Ohio Infantry.. .. 

37th Ind Infantry 

9th Illinois Infantry 

59th Ind Infantry 

2 1st Ind Infantry, .*. 




Fullerton, Henry C 

Greeg, Elijah K 




Gregg, Wni H 




Hague, Lewis C 


43d Mo Infantry 

3d Mo Infantry 




Haake. Edward 




Jarnagin, Albert H 

Johnson, J W 


8th Mo Cavalry 




45th Iowa Infantry 

14th Illinois Infantry. . 

4th Mich Infantry . .' 

1st Colo Cavaliv 
















I-ee, Chas 


1st Eng Corps Slinn .... 

4tn Mich Cavalry 

4th Wis Cavalry _ 

3d Iowa Cavalry 

136th N Y Infantry 

46th Illinois Infantry. ... 

Hth U S Infantry 

10th Minn Infantry 

6th Iowa Inf.miry 

nth Kan Cavalry 

iSlh Ohio Infantry 

iioth N '\' Infantry 

7th vt I ; 




I-lovd, John 




Eoring, Evnian 




Eundy, Nathan 




Lyons, Chas M 




McGillighan, Joseph 

McGuire, 'I'hos 




McKay, Arthur T 




Mann, Owen 

Madden, t^wood 

Myers, John 




Noonan, Jas . .«, 

Palmer, Uobt C 




1st Wis Infantry 

ic^id Ind Infantry 

2d -Mo Ca\"alry 




Parsons, Oscar A 

Plume, David J 




Plume Wm J 

Poole Jas A 


I ijth Ind Infantry 




Rollins, HA 


Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 

Private 


17th Ind Infantry 

^d Wis Cavalry". 




Schoenfeldt, O 'V 




Sherer, Alfred L 


4th Wis ' avalry . 

2d Neb Cavalry 

9th '1 enn Cavalry 

46th Mass Infantry 

176th Ohio Infantry 

48th Ind Infantry .'. 

'14th Ind Infantry 




Sparks, Wm J 




Stewart jos T 

Treat, Albert L 




AV'art, Robt 




\\'eiser, John 


Wagoner 




Yenne, Geo M 





DE3PARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



77 



Geo. B. McClellan Post No. 24, Columbia Falls. 



NAME. 



Burgoyne, C E 
Carroll, Thos .. 
Conklin, H F.. 
Conklin, J B... 
Clayton. Thos.. 
Davis, J F . . . . 

Garr, HH 

Hirrick, WH.. 
Hooper, J W .. 
Miller, H A ... 
CBrine, Thos. 
Schrater, N J . . 
Snider, D H . . . 
Sprague, J E . . 
Sweet, R B . . . , 

Tate, RF 

Watts, J S 



RANK. 



Private . . 
Corporal. 



Ord. Sergt. 

Private 

Landsman . 

Private 

Sergeant. .. 
Corporal . . . 

Private 

Private 



Corporal . 



Private .. .. 

Private 

Private 



CO. 



H 
G 



D 

'f' 

F 
K 
H 
G 



H 

h' 

G 
G 



SERVICE. 



Sth Mich Infantry , 
3d U S Idfantry .'. , 



117th U S Infantry. .. . 

loist Ind Infantry 

U S Navy ". 

23d N V Volunteers . . 

72d Illinois 

iSist Illinois Infantry. 
I2th Iowa Infantry. .. . 
Sth Ind Cavalrv 



2d Penn Infantry 



24lh Iowa 

nth Ohio Volunteers 
6th Iowa Cavalrv 



DEPARTMENT OFFICERS 

FOR 180G. 



Commander, - - LESTER S. WILLSON 

BOZEMAN. 

Senior Vice-Commander, - F. GEORGE HELDT 

GREAT FALLS. 

Junior Vice-Commander, - LYMAN LORING 

KALISPEL. 

Medical Director, - IRVIN M. ROCKEFELLER 

ANACONDA. 

Chaplain, - - GEORGE W. JENKINS 

STEVENSVILLE. 



DEPARTMENT ORGANIZED 1885. 



DEPARTriENT STAFF. 



Assistant Adjutant General, - BENJAMIN F. OSBORN 

HOZEMAN. 

Assistant Quartermaster General, - HENRY T. BEVAN 

HELENA 

Judge Advocate, - - ' TIMOTHY O'LEARY 

ANACONDA. 

Inspector, - - - WM. H. H. DICKINSON 

MISSOULA. 

Chief Mustering Officer, - SAMUEL H. ALMAN 

BUTTE. 



Council of Administration. 



JOSEPH M. LINDLEY, of William English Pom. 
WILLIAM H. YEATON, of Farragut Post. 
JOSEPHUS RICH, of Steadman Post. 
A. E. GLOYD, of Frank Blair Post. 
JAMES GIBSON, of Sheridan Post. 



Representatives to National Encampment. 

THADELTS C. D.WEDSON', ■ Anacoiula. CFIARLE8 B. MILI-ER, ■ IUkn:i. 

Alternates. 

\VM. II. II. DICKINSOX, Missoula. JAMES B. LOOMIS, - - Ilcicna. 



• *" JUN 29 1900 ^ 









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JOURNAL 



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ThirteBntli ilnnual Ericampmeii!! 



OF THE 



Departirient of Moqtana 




(|r^and i^my of the Republic. 



HEL,D AT 



i^naconda, Montana, April 7-9, 1897 



1897 

The Anaconda Recorder Pubuishing Company 
Anaconda, Montana 






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JOURNAL 



OF THE 



THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Gpand Army or the Republic 

DEPARTMENT OE MONTAN/^ 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G, A. 11. 
Anaconda, Montana, April 7, 1897. 
Pursuant to General Orders Xo. 5, the Annual Encampment, 
Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Republic, met at 
the hall of George G. Meade Post Xo. 16, at 11 o'clock, A. M. 

Encampment opened in due form with prayer by Chaplain 
Jenkins. 

General Orders convening the Encampment were read by the 
Assistant Adjutant General. 
Roll of oiRcers called. 

The Department Commander appointed the following com- 
mittees: 

COMMITTEE OX CREDEXTIALS. 

BEXJAMIX F. OSBORX. 

JUXIUS G. SAXDERS. 

JOHX^ S. WISXER. 



COMMITTEE OX ORDER OF BUSIXESS. 
JUX^IFS G. SAXDERS. 
P. J. XEFF. 
W. P. RODEBAXK. 



4 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

Ed. S. Walker was appointed as assistant to the A. A. General. 

Committee on Credentials reported as follows: 

Commander — Your Committee on Credentials beg leave to 

report that we have examined the credentials presented and find 

that the following named Comrades are entitled to vote at this 

Encampment : 

DEPARTMEXT OFFICERS. 

Commander Lester S. AVillson.* 

Senior Vice Commander F. Geo. Heldt.* 

Junior Vice Commander Lyman Loring. 

Medical Director Irvin M. Rockefeller.* 

Judge Advocate Timothy O'Leary.* 

Inspector AVm. 11. II. Dickinson.* 

Chief Mustering Officer Samuel H. Almon* 

Chaplain Geo. W. Jenkins* 

Assistant Adjutant General Benj. F. Osborn.* 

Assistant Quartermaster (General. . .Henrv T. Bevan* 



C^OUXCIL OF ADMIXISTRATIOK 

Joseph M. Lindley.* 
Josephus Rich.* 
. A. E. Gloyd.* 
James Gibson. 
Wm. II. Yeaton.* 



REPRESEXTATIYES TO XATIOXAL EXCAMPMEXT. 

Thaddeus C. Davidson.* 
Chas. B. Miller.* 



PAST DEPARTMEXT COMMAXDERS. 

Thomas P. Fuller. Charles S. Warren. Ela C. Waters. 

Junius G. Sanders.* James E. Calloway. Ed. F. Ferris. 
Harry C. Kessler. John L. Sloane. J. O. Gregg. 

Peter R. Dolman. * Robert E. Fisk. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



LIXCOLK POST NO. 2, BUTTE— 52 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

P. H. Manchester.* Thos. Boyle. 

J. A. Baker.* 

W. H. Black." 

Past Commanders. 



Peter R. Dolman.* 
James D. Jenks.* 
Charles S. Warren. 
Harry C. Kessler. 
C. S. Shoemaker.* 
W. P. Rodebank.* 
Commander, J. B. Glover.* 



Levi E. Holmes. * 
John Railey. 
J. H. Jackson.* 
James E. Dowd.* 
John B. Scott. 
B. N. Beebe. 



WADSWORTH POST NO. 3, HELENA— 133 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. 
John R. Hillman.* 
Wm. Potter. 

C. B. Miller.* 

D. L. Miles. 
L. D. Beary. 



Thomas P. Fuller. 
Robert C. Wallace.* 
Junius G. Sanders.* 
George W. Shaw. 



H. F. C. Kleinschmidt. 
Robert E. Fisk. 



Alternates. 
Charles Horn. 
A. C. Votaw. 
H. S. Taft.* 
Geo. H. Piatt. 
John Workman. 

Past Commanders. 

Ed. S. Walker.* 
F. P. Sterling. 
R. A. Craig. 
Charles F. Gage. 



T. H. Kleinschmidt.* 



James H. Mills, Past Commander Geo. H. Thomas Post No. 4. 
Samuel K. Fishel, Past Commander John Bufort Post No. 1. 
A. S. Kelloffgr, Past Commander J. B. McPherson Post No. 13. 

L. Whitney, Past Commander John A. Logan Post No. 15. 
Commander, S. A, Swiggette;* Post Commander, James B. 

Loomis. * 



CUSTER POST NO. 5, SHERIDAN. 

Representative. 
Simeon Deno. 



6 



THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



FRANK BLAIR POST NO. 6, VIRGINIA CITY 

MEMBERS. 



-15 



Representatives. 
Knight. ^ 
H. S. Howell. ^^ 



A. B. Knight.* 



James E. Calloway. 
Henry N. Blake. 
Stephen Gainan.* 
Eugene Stark. 
John B. Carruthers. 
Thomas P. Cox. 



Alternates. 
John M, King. 
E. A. Fletcher. 



Past Commanders. 



John H. Davis. 
Jas. B. Howe. 
Samuel Page. 
A. E. Gloyd.* 
H. L. Childs. 



FARRAGUT POST NO. 7, LIVINGSTON— 29 MEMBERS. 



Representatives. 
George Gear 
John M. Dodge.* 



F. W. Wright. 
Pierce Hoopes. 
John Skillen. 
Geo. T. Chambers. 
H. J. Hoope. 



Alternates. 
A. E. Owens. 

J. N. Sample. 

Past Commanders. 

Thomas J. Mains. 

A. B. Hicks. 

Wm. H. Yeaton.* 

N. Ebert. 

Post Commander, James F. Lawrence. * 



STEADMAX POST NO. 8, DILLON— 15 MEMBERS. 



Representatives. 
Chris. Darmtzer.* 
Thos. M. O' Conner. 



Alternates. 



Past Commanders. 



Thomas Loughbridge. 
Benjamin Bond. 
Otho Klemm. 



Josephus Rich.* 
Frederick Hopp.* 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 



AVM. ENGLISH POST XO. 10, BOZEATAX— 38 MEMBERS. 



Representatives. 
R. M. Whitefoot.. 
Jesse Lambert. 



Ed, F. Ferris. 
J. M. Lindley.* 
B. F. Osborn.* 
W. Y. Smith. 
J. A. McElroy. 
Chas. K. Lancaster. 



Alternates. 
J. C. Lamb. 
W. S. Matthew.* 

Past Commanders. 

J. H. Nixon. 

L. S. Willson.* 

T. M. Pierce. 

Chas. H. Sprague. 

A. J. Edsall. 

Post Commander, Henry Hellinger. 



FRED WIXTHROP POST XO. 11, MISSOULA— 21 MEM- 
BERS. 



Representatives. 
W. H. H. Dickinson.* 
William Landers. 



Alternates. 
John L. Sloane. 
Chas. A. Lombard. 



John L. Sloane. 
W. H. H. Dickinson. 
C. W. Lombard. 
W. E. Bancroft. 



Past Commanders. 

Andrew Moore. 

Samuel Bellew. 

Wm. Landers. 

Post Commander, L. W. Grantier. 



THOMAS L. KANE POST NO. 12, GLENDIVE— 12 MEM- 
BERS. 
Representatives. Alternates. 



M. P. Wyman. 
Charles N. Smith. 
John Bamber. 



Past Commanders. 



James McCormick. 
James S. Almy. 
Post Commander, - 



8 



THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



u. s. gra:nt post xo. u, miles city— 9 members. 

Representative. 
Geo. B. Silverberg. 

Post Commander. 
Charles Young. 



GEO. G. MEADE POST XO. 16, AXACOXDA— 32 MEM- 
BERS. 



Representatives. 
John Hallahan.* 
W. N. Wright* 



Alternates. 
John Cannovan.'^ 
W. S. Whitely.* 



Past Commanders. 



T. C. Davidson.* A. Short.* 

J. S. Wisner.* John Barry.* 

N. H. Morely.* Roger Edwards. 

A. B. Gates. Eber Golder.* 

Post Commander, E. A. Waterbury, * 



SHERIDAX POST XO. 18, GREAT FALLS— 50 MEM- 
BERS. 



Representatives. 
W. C. McBratney. 
Ira Inofraham. 
R. P. Harbold. 



Alternates. 

C. H. Robinson. 

D. W. Beecher. 
Willis Leach. 



Past Commanders. 



F. Geo. Heldt.* 

J. O. Gregof. 

Frank Coombs. 

Post Commander, John Mohs. 



P. H. Hughes. 
John A. Clark. 
W. H. Safford.* 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 9 

JAS. A. SHIELDS POST XO. 19, LEWISTOWN— 20 

MEMBERS. 
Representatives. Alternates. 



Past Commanders. 

Samuel Harper. John McCourt. 

Thomas J. Frost. B. H. Bowman. 

James Reid. Thomas J. Greorory. 

Richard W. Noble. Post Commander, — 



JOHX C. FREMONT NO. 21, HAMILTON— 10 MEM- 
BERS 
Representatives. Alternates. 



Past Commanders. 

W. B. Harland. Frederick Hoffman. 

Post Commander, 



BURNSIDE POST NO. 22, PHILIPSBURG— 19 MEM- 
BERS. ■ ' 1 

Representatives. Alternates. 

Elijah Powell.* Samuel Sprague. 

A. L. Castle.* Lawrence Spence. 

Past Commanders. 

i 

James K. Pardee. Wm. T. Allison. 

Morris Sharpe. P. J. Neff.* 

Post Commander, L. C. Dagenhart.* 



10 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

NAT LYON POST XO. 23, KALISPEI^Sl MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

Jacob Billings. J. D. Eaton. 

W. P. Emerson. J. H. Ayres. 

Past Commanders. 

D. J. Plume. Lyman Loring. 

R.C. Palmer. W. J. Sparks. 

R. A. Rollins. Post Commander, W. J. Plume. 



G. B. McCLELLAN POST NO. 24. 
H. H. Garr. 



MOODY POST XO. 25, EXXIS— 10 MEMBERS. 

Representative. Alternate. 

Greo. W. Burns. John Wood worth. 

Past Commander. 
A. X. Bull." Post Commander, John Orniiston. 

Xote. — Those marked with a (*) were present. 



We also recommend that representatives from Posts other 
than the Post where the Encampment is held, be entitled to cast 
the votes of the absent representatives as the majority of them 
shall direct. 

Submitted in F. C. and L., 

BEXJ. E. OSBORX. 

JUXIUS G. SAXDERS. 

JOHX S. WISXER. 

Report adopted as read. 

The report of the Committee on Order of Business was then 
read and adopted as follows: 

Your Committee on Order of Business for the Thirteenth 
Annual Encampment, Department of Montana, Grand Army of 



dp:partment of Montana, g. a. k. 1 1 

the Republic, respectfully report and recommend the follow- 
ing to be the Order of Business for the Encampment: 

1. Oi)ening of Department Encampment in due form. 

2. railing Eoll of Officers. 

3. Report of Committee on Credentials. 

4. Report of Committee on Order of Business. 

5. Calling Roll of Members. 

6. Report of Officers, beginning with that of Depart- 

ment Commander. 

7. Appointment of proper number of Committees, of 

three each, to whom shall be referred the reports of 
Officers. 

8. Reception and Reference of Communications from 

Posts, to be called according to seniority. 

9. Reception and Reference of Communications from 

Individuals. 

10. Reports of Committees. 

11. Unfinished Business. 

12. iSTew Business. 

13. Good of the Order. 

14. Election and Installation of Officers. 

15. Closing Exercises. 

This Order of Business may be suspended at any time for a 
definite purpose, by a two-thirds vote of the members present at 
the Encampment, the vote to be taken on motion for such pur- 
pose without debate. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

JUXIUS G. SAXDERS. 
P. J. NEFF. 
W. P. RODEBAXK. 
Recess taken until 2 o'clock P. M. 



12 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

AFTERXOOX SESSION. . 

Encampment called to order by Department Commander. 

Roll of Encampment called. 

The address of the Department Commander was read and 
referred to the following committee: P. R. Dolman, James H. 
Mills and Frederick Hopp. 



COMMANDER'S ADDRESS. 

Comrades — AVe meet in this beautiful and prosperous city, 
our annual gathering, making the thirteenth camping ground 
in our march to join the forces gone before. The earnest greet- 
ings, one with another, give evidence of a comradeship not known 
in other organizations. We answer to the roll call once more, 
earnest in the prosecution of the business that is before us, but 
lovingly and sacredly to renew our fraternal relations and to 
celebrate Appomattox Day. The day that transferred us from 
soldiers to citizens, and for more than thirty years our attention 
has been diverted from the strife of arms, our avocations have 
been those of peace, ''our stern alarms changed to merry meet- 
ings." But who shall say that our organization has not fur- 
nished the nation the best of citizens, the noblest lessons of self- 
sacrifice and the grandest examples of civic obedience? 

My duty for the hour is to render an accounting of steward- 
ship. One year ago you elected me your Commander, the 
greatest honor ever accorded me, and I can never be so highly 
honored again. It came in such a unanimous and generous 
spirit that no words of mine were adequate to express my appre- 
ciati(ui, and at this time I can onlv sav mv thanks are due, and 
humbly tendered to one and all of you for the confidence imposed 
and for the cordial and generous support you have given me. 
My accounting is not as .satisfactory as I had hoped it might be, 
when I assumed the office. "S\\ purpose was to visit every Post 
in the Department, but circumstances over which I had no con- 
trol has prevented this. I have, however, been permitted to 
visit good old AVadsworth Post two or three times, Frank Blair 
Post once, and assisted in mustering Moody Post No. 25. A 
business triji to Philipsbr.rg enabled me to meet many of the 
Comrades of Burnside Post, and at the laying of the corner- 
stone of the Soldiers' Home I met manv of the Comrades of both 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 13 

Nat Lyons and George B. McC'lellan Posts. In meeting with 
these several Posts and Conn-ades the greetings were of that loyal 
and earnest natnre only found in the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. 

Your earnest consideration to the reports of Staff Officers will 
assure you that their duties have been performed in perfect good 
order and with the best interest of the Department, their main 
object and purpose. It is with the utmost pleasure that I am 
able to accord to one and all, without distinction, the best of ser- 
vice, capable, earnest and with perfect loyalty. 

The laboi-s of the Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant 
Quartermaster General have of necessity been greater than those 
of the other members of the Staff", and their reports will give you 
full infonnation of their work. I am glad to state that through 
the efforts of the Assistant Quartermaster General our finances 
have been kept on the right side of the ledger, and the Adjutant 
is able to record a net gain in our numbers of 47 and a gain of 
two Posts. Our standing has been maintained at National Head- 
quarters, and I am able to turn the Department over to my suc- 
cessor unimpaired and in good running order. The thanks of 
this Encampment are due to all the Staff Officers, but more espe- 
cially to those who have served in executive capacities. 

WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS. 

This auxiliary is a strength indeed to our organization, and 
too much cannot be said of their efforts to assist us. The Depart- 
ment Corps has been most ably commanded in the past year, and 
evidence has come to me that without the aid and support of this 
auxiliary one or more of our Posts might have fallen. As well 
with their love and sympathy, they are ever ready to lend their 
efforts in making ^femorial Day a most impressive and instruc- 
tive holiday. Aiding in maintaining it in all of its sacredness 
and purity, comforting the sick and giving substantial aid to all 
of our undertakings. Bless the Woman's Relief Corps, and may 
we never forget their earnest and unselfish endeavors in our 
behalf. 

SONS OF VETERANS. 

The time is not far distant wdien they will have to represent us. 
They are "to the manor born" our natural successors. In many 
of the States this organization is a strong arm of the Order. To 
these we shall leave the inheritance of the ''blue." Thev must 



i 



14 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

represent us when we shall have marched over to the other side. 
Loyalty, patriotism, love of the Old Flag is their portion by right, 
and we trust that it will be augmented in their hands, and I hope 
camps may soon be established in every town in the State. 

SOLDIERS' HOME. 

Financial difficulties have not only embarrassed individuals, 
but Commonwealths as well, and ours is no exception. But by 
earnest efforts and well-timed labor of the Soldiers' Home Board 
appropriations and donations have been so managed that the 
Home is an assured fact. A model building has been con- 
structed, and it only remains to be equipped. Lender the law 
the purchase of equipment and supplies is a matter requiring 
patience, and I fear may result in instances of long suffering, 
but every purchase must be made under contract. Advertise- 
ments have been prepared, and it is earnestly hoped that the 
Home will be opened for the reception of inmates by the first of 
June next. 

The Department Commander is only an ex-officio member of 
this Board, and therefore serves but one year. The other mem- 
bers are appointed for a term of years. They are all Grand 
Army men, giving assurance that careful and economic measures 
will be pursued and the best interests of the soldier sought and 
maintained. My short service on the Board gives me oppor- 
tunity to know that the regularly appointed members are men of 
good judgment and are doing their work faithfully. 

The Legislature, at its last session, appro])riated funds suffi- 
cient to equip and start the Llome but at a late meeting of the 
Board of Examiners this sum was cut down $2,000 by reason of 
larger sums being appropriated than the revenues of the State 
would cover. This only allows $3,000 to put the Home in run- 
ning order, a sum altogether too small, but I have the confidence 
to believe that the Board in some way will find funds with which 
to complete the work. Without doubt they will be obliged to 
call for aid from the Woman's Relief Corps, and we know how 
earnestly and generously they respond to such calls. T am as- 
sured that already many of the Corps have money raised for this 
puq^ose. 

THE THIRTIETH XATIO:NrAL EXCAMPMEXT. 
This Department was well represented, an occasion long to be 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R, 15 

remembered by those participating. The citizens of St. Paul 
seemed to vie with each other as to who could do the most for the 
visiting Comrades. Ev^erj effort possible was made for their 
entertainment and comfort. The efforts of the ladies were be- 
yond those of any previous Encampment, concerts, receptions 
nna flowei*s w^herever you went, and as free as the sparkling 
waters of their beautiful and world-renowned Minnehaha. Deco- 
rations and illuminations throughout the entire city that beggars 
description. 

Our Department had thirty-two stalwart men in line, I be- 
lieve the largest number ever present at a !N^ational Encampment, 
and I trust I may be allowed the egotism in saying that their 
soldierly appearance and commanding presence was not excelled 
by any other body of men present. An honor that fell to us 
during the march I may not fail to note. We w^ere halted oppo- 
site a point and near where Mrs. John A. Logan was viewing the 
parade. It gave us the opportunity to salute her, which was 
done by a ''three times three," in a spirit and feeling only known 
to the old soldier. 

MEMORIAL DAY. 

As the years roll on we realize an increased and growing in- 
terest in this solemn and sacred holidav. The inclination to 
make it a day for unseemly and riotous sports seems to be passing 
away. The interest taken by the young, and especially school 
children, gives evidence that this is soon to be one of the most 
sacred and highly honored of all holidays. And as we march 
down to the river, biding the time when ours may be the mound 
over which the Memorial service may be performed, let us not 
forget to touch elbows, to practice all the precepts of our Order, 
doing our dutv manfullv to the end. 

Comrades, our work for this year is nearly completed. I hope 
my efforts "for the good of the Order" may not have been in vain, 
that some good, not realized at this time, may come of it; and 
when your duty here is performed, and you return to your several 
homes, may you take with you new resolves and a stronger faith 
in Him who watched over you in the hot flame of battle, and has 
not deserted you unto this day. As your Commander, I say fare- 
well! As your Comrade I am with you for duty, until the bugle 
shall sound the last call. 

LESTER S. WILLSOJ^, 

Commander. 



16 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

EEPORT OF SENIOR YICE-COMMAXDEK. 

Headquarters, Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Anaconda, April 7, ISSJO. 

To the Thirteenth Encampment, G. A, R., Department of 
Montana — Owing to the fact that the Department Commander 
has attended so closely to his duties, not leaving his Post for a 
single day, there has been no active duty for the Senior Vice, and 
he, therefore, has nothing upon which to make a report. The 
Commander is responsible for this, and you must lay the blame 
to him, while on the contrary, I most cordially tender to him my 
most sincere thanks. The Department, so far as 1 have been 
able to ascertain, has run as smooth and lovely under the present 
administration as a honevmoon. There has been no kicks, com- 
plaints, or dissatisfaction from any source whatever, and I be- 
lieve it is the universal verdict of the Department that the re- 
tiring Commander is deserving of the highest compliment this 
Encampment can bestow. 

Respectfully, in F. (\ and L., 

F. GEO. HELDT, 

Senior Vice-Commander. 
Junior Vice-Commander absent and no report. 



REPORT OF CHAPLAIX. 

Headquarters Department of ^lontana, G. A. R. 

Stevensville, Montana, Apnl 5, 1897. 

Lester S. Willson, Commander Department Montana, G. A. R. 
and Comrades: 

We have completed another annual campaign in the contest 
of life and reached our yearly camping ground. The campaign 
has, doubtless, had its vicissitudes and has not been without some 
reverses and has demanded constant courage to avoid defeat; 
even then there have be^n times when we hung on the very edge 
of disaster and despair till the Sheridan of our crisis came to the 
rescue, and we rallied ami snatched victorv out of the arms of 



DEI'ARTMKIST OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 17 

defeat while pushing forwiii-d the lines of our destiny by the help 
of Divine Providence. Well, the warfare is nearing its close 
and tlie general amnesty of peace to our mortal strivings will 
soon be issued and we shall be discharged, let us hope honorably, 
and granted a place among the fallen heroes on the other shore. 
"Where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at 
rest." 

1 have not had the pleasure of much association with com- 
rades during the past year and have greatly missed it, but at the 
same time my correspondence witli the various officers and mem- 
bers of the Department has kept me in touch with all, so that I 
felt that 1 was, at least, still in line, and perhaps the skirmish 
line too, among the scattered veterans on the Grand Army field 
of Montana, and with you, my comrades, I have endeavored to 
till my part of the line faithfully, as a good soldier should. 

There l)eing no Post at Stevensville, where I live, I have con- 
nected myself with Fred AVinthrop Post, Xo. 11, of Missoula, 
thus severing my relation to Lincoln Post of Butte, which, I can 
truly say, 1 did with many regrets, which seemed to be recipro- 
cated by the Comrades of that excellent Post. 

As we thus go into quarters for our annual furlough, we may 
well recall. our earlier experiences when we entered "Winter 
Quarters." You remember the many joys realized as we en- 
gaged in the sports of the camp. You remember the Sutler and 
his worse than India rubber conscience, as he dealt out to us in 
driblets, at enormous prices, his wares, and also that his elasticity 
of scrupulousness became contagious, and some were so unfor- 
tunate as to catch it and slip away in forgetfulness to pay, and 
how difficult it was to identify the party involved. 

Then the molasses cake, who can ever forget the exquisite 
pleasure as we devoured the coveted sections of that grand article 
of diet only to be enjoyed in camp ( Then the chats about the 
<-amji fire and the numerous devices to fill up the passing hours 
and break the monotony of the scene, and also the "Divine Ser- 
vice," as it was called at Headquarters when it was announced, 
wliicli, though seemingly unique amid our surroundings then, 
had a salutary effect in recalling our minds to our duty to friends 
at home, as well as to our God. 

Then, when we were in camp, none can forget the avidity with 

which we read the newspapers, to learn how the strife was going 

and where the strokes liad fallen with most decisive power. 

Then again, who can ever forget the letters traced by the pen 



18 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

in lo%'ing hands at home, that came like soothing ointment to 
our hearts and the exquisite pleasure of answering these 
missives ( 

Then who can ever foi^et the day when he heard, in orders 
issued: "You will report at Headquarters and deliver your 
arms and be discharged," which will ever be treasured in 
memory as an epoch in every soldier's life, most thrilling as it 
seemed, like a new lease of existence I 

I sent out in time for reports from the several Posts of the 
Department. Circular letters and answers were received from 
many of them, but not all.- In many instances possibly the Posts 
are inactive, and therefore there was much difficulty in securing 
the proper data. The following reports were received: 

Lincoln Post Xo. 2, John Raley, Chaplain, reports two deaths. 
One Comrade, Ezra M. Alderman, paralysis of the stomach, aged 
53 years, veteran of the 30th Indiana Infantry; and George W. 
AVoodcock, an old soldier, whose wife died within a lialf hour of 
his death, leaving two little boys penniless, but not friendless. 

Thomas L. Kane Post Xo. 12, Glendive, reported, by Adjutant 
James McCormiek: Two deaths of old soldiers, not members 
of our Order, W. H. AVitter (command unknown) and John 
Imgriend, Private Co. A, 25th Xew Jersey Infantry. 

Sheridan Post Xo. 18, Great Falls, J. C. Epler, Chaplain, re- 
ported three deaths: Two members of the Order, George W. 
Armstrong, Co. D, 20th Ohio Infantry, and Washington Muggy 
(command not given) ; Elwin B. Xey, not a member, and Roland 
McDougall, not a member. 

AVadsworth Post Xo. 3, Helena, George H. Piatt, Adjutant, 
reported two deaths: Sebastian Richard, Private, Co. E, Kim- 
ball's Missouri Militia, and Richard Hoback, Sergeant 2nd Min- 
nesota Cavalry. The former died Mav 21, 1896, and the latter 
July 16, 1896. 

FaiTagut Post Xo. 7, Livingston, Samuel Guyser, Chaplain, 
reported two deaths: Alonzo Harris and Louis C. LaBarre, the 
latter by drowning. 

Steadman Post Xo. 8, Dillon,. Thomas Loughridge, Chaplain, 
reported no deaths, but gave a complete report of the Decoration 
exercises, which were carried out in full. 

Fred AVinthrop Post Xo. 11, Alissoula, was reported in like 
manner by AA". H. H. Dickinson, Chaplain. 

John C. Freemont Post Xo. 21, Hamilton, O. P. Gregg, Chap- 
lain, reported one death — Frank Buraran. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 19 

B. F. Fislibiirn, Chaplain of James A. Shield Post Xo. lU, 
Lewistown, and \V. T. Allison, Adjutant Bnrnside Post Xo. 22, 
Philipsbiirg, each reported no deaths of comrades or old soldiers. 
Thus the grand march continues, and yet the mortality' among 
us is comparatively light in this Department, and we have abun- 
dant reason for gratitude to God for His providence over us and 
ours. 

GEO. AV. JEXKIXS, 
Department Chaplain. 



EEPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GEXEPtAL. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Anaconda, Montana, April 7, 1897. 
L. S. AVillson, Commander Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

My Dear Sir and Conirt^de — In accordance with the rules and 
regulations of our order, I have the honor to herewith submit the 
annual report of this office, showing the condition of the Depart- 
ment for the year ending December 31, 1896. 
Xumber of members in good standing De- 
cember 31, 1895 473 

Gains during first term — 

B\ muster in 55 

By transfer 9 

By reinstatement 16 

By reinstatements from delinquent reports. 16 

Total gain first term 96 

Aggregate 569 

Losses during first term — 

By death ... 3 

By honorable discharge 1 

By transfer 4 

By suspension 17 

Total loss during term 25 

Remaining in good standing June 30, 1896. 544 

Xet gain during first term 71 



20 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

Gains during second tenn — [ 

Bv muster in 27 

Bv transfer 3 

Total gain 30 

Aggregate 574 

Losses during second term — 

Bv death 2 

By honorable discharge 1 

By transfer 7 

By suspension 44 

Total loss during second term 54 

Xuniber remaining in good standing Decem- 
ber 31, 18UG 520 

Ket gain during the year 47 

There was a gain of three Posts during the year by muster and 
one lost by suspension. 

The new Posts are: Geo. B. McClellan Post Xo. 25, at Co- 
lumbia Falls, mustered ^larcli, 1896; I . S. Grant Post Xo. 14, 
at Miles City, and Moody Post Xo. 25, at Ennis, Madison county, 
August, 1896. U. S. Grant Post Xo. 14 was mustered in by our 
able and efficient Department Inspector, AV. H. H. Dickinson, 
and allowed to take the n&me and number of the former Post at 
Miles Citv. 

G. K. Warren Post Xo. 20, at Fort Benton, has not made any 
report to this office for the last year. Their dues were remitted 
for one year, at the last Encampment, and during the year past 
there has been no report, and they were suspended in the report 
of the second term of this office. About two weeks ago Comrade 
John C. Duff wrote that they were about to have a meeting, and 
hoped to square up with the Department, but nothing has been 
heard since. 

Custer Post Xo. 5, at Sheridan, failed to report for the second 
term of 1896, but the Department paid their dues, and I would 
respectfully ask this Encampment to remit the same. 

The amount reported to this office as expended for relief dur- 
ing the year is $101.45. 

To Officers and Comrades of the Department I give thanks for 
the uniform courtesy that has been extended. And, Com- 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 21 

niaiider, fully appreciating the honor of the appointment you 
have conferred, and notwithstanding the badge incident at St. 
Paul during the grand parade, I shall always remember with 
pleasure the kindly and fraternal relations that have existed 
during our official connection. 

Kespectfully submitted, in F. C. and L., 

BEXJ. F. OSBORX, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



REPOET OF ASSISTANT (QUARTERMASTER 

GENERAL. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Helena, Montana, April 7, 1897. 
Lester S. Willson, Commander. 

I have the honor to submit herewith my annual report as As- 
sistant Quartermaster General, from April 9, 1896, to April 7, 
1897. 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash on hand April 9, 1896 $ 45.73 

Received from Quartermaster's supplies sold. 34.72 

Received from Post charters 20.00 

Received from per capita tax posts .513.80 

Total $614.25 

- EXPEXDITFRES. 

For Quartermaster's supplies purchased ....$ 63.55 

For expressage paid 15.59 

For salary Assistant Adjutant General 100.00 

For salary Assistant Quartermaster General . . 100.00 
For pnblishing roster of Dc])artmont Officers. 10.00 
For Headquarters, expense Xational Encamp- 
ment 17.23 

For per capita tax, Xational Encampment. . . 13.35 

For stamps and stationery 21.25 

For printing general orders and circulars .... 18.05 
For printing headquarters, stationery and ex- 
penses 58.25 



22 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

For publishing proceedings and Department 

roster ^119.30 

For express on banner to St. Paul and return . . 5.25 

For Department badges 17.00 

For express on banner to Anaconda 1.00 

Total $559.82 

Leaving balance on hand : . . . 54.43 

Total $614.25 

I submit herewith statements showing in detail receipts and 
expenditures marked Exhibit "A" and "B:" 

EXHIBIT "A." 

KECEIPTS. 

Per Capita Tax f^ ^ 

NAME OF POST No. 1896 Charters ar^-j'^ 

June30 Dec. 31 auffLiiiis 

Lincoln 2 $ 25.00 $ 26.00 ..... $11.80 

Wadsworth 3 67.00 66.50 

Custer 5 4.00 

Frank Blair 6 7.50 7.50 

Farragut 7 14.50 11.50 



Steadman 8 7.50 7.50 

William English .. . 10 24.00 19.00 

Fred Winthrop 11 9.00 10.50 5.12 

Thomas L. Kane .. . 12 6.00 6.00 

r. S. Grant 14 6.50 4.50 $10.00 3.50 

George G. Meade . . 16 14.00 16.00 4.75 

Sheridan 18 27.50 25.00 

James A. Shields .. 19 10.00 10.00 

G. K. Warren 20 

John C. Fremont . . 21 6.00 5.00 

Burnsides 22 10.00 9.50 4.75 

Xat Lyons 23 15.50 15.50 2.00 

G. B. McClellan ... 24 6.80 8.00 

Moody 25 5.00 10.00 1.90 



$260.80 $253.00 $20.00 $34.72 

Per capita from Posts $513.80 

From charters 20.00 

From supplies sold 34.72 

On hand April 9, 1896 45.73 



Total $614.25 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 23 

EXHIBIT "B." 

EXPENDITUKES. 

Date, 1896. 

Apr. 10— A. J. Burbank, Q. M. supplies $ 19.10 

Apr. 10 — M. Wells, typewriting 4.00 

Apr. 18 — H. T. Bevan, itemized expense account .... 9.30 

Apr. 20 — Bozeman Cln'onicle, printing G. O. Xo. 2 . . 3.00 

Apr. 25 — Jessie Fowler, typewriting proceedings .... 15.00 

May 4 — Osbourn Drug Co., ink and stamps 2.25 

May 4 — xVvant Courier, printing G. O. Xo. 1 1.50 

May 4^-Bozeman Chronicle, printing G. O. Xo. 3 , . 3.50 
May 5 — Helena Independent, on account of stationery 20.00 
Ma}' 9 — K. E. Campbell, over draft on requisition. . . 1.15 
May 9 — Helena Book and Stationery Co., rent of type- 
writer and paper 2.00 

May 16 — ^A. J. Burbank, Q. M. supplies 9.85 

June 26 — H. T. Bevan, first quarter salary 25.00 

June 29 — Helena Independent, balance on stationery. 18.00 

June 30 — B. F. Osborn, first quarter salary 25.00 

July 10— A. J. Burbank, per capita tax, 544 members. 6.85 

July 17 — J. C. YanHook, engrossing resolutions 10.00 

Aug. 1 — C. K. Wels, stationery 1.80 

Aug 11 — Jessie Fowler, typewriting roster 6.00 

Aug. 11 — Kate Kademaker, rent of typewriter 1.50 

Aug. 26 — B. F. Osborji, second quarter salary 25.00 

Aug. 29 — II. T. Bevan, account salary 40.00 

Aug. 29 — FI. T. Bevan, itemized expense account .... S.33 
Sept, 15 — H. T. Bevan, expense on banner to St. Paul 

and return 5.25 

Sept. 15 — Independent Publishing Co., 300 copies De- 
partment roster 10.00 

Oct. 2 — Avant Courier, printing G. O. Xo. 4 4.50 

Xov. 11 — G. X. Express Co., express on proceedings. . 1.85 

Xov. 11 — ^X. P. Express, express on proceedings 5.95 

Xov. 16 — Independent Publishing Co., on account pro- 
ceedings Department Encampment .... 40.00 

Dec. 24 — A. J. Burbank, Q. M. supplies 12.40 

Dec. 31-^Lester S. Willson, Department expense Xa- 

tional Headquarters 17.23 

Dec. 31— B. F. Oslwrn, third (juarter salary 25.00 



24 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

Jan. 2 — Independent Publishing Co., balance on 

publishing proceeding's ^57.80 

Jan. 9 — H. T. Bevan, balance salary third quarter. . 10.00 
Jan. 14 — A. J. Burbank, per capita tax National Head- 
quarters 6.10 

Jan. 14 — Avant Courier, printing circulars and resolu- 
tions 2.70 

Dec. 14 — H. T. Bevan, on account of fourth quarter 

salary '. 25.00 

Jan. 14 — H. T. Bevan, itemized expense account 9.50 

Jan. 18 — N. P. Express Co., per capita tax on re-written 

report .51 

^[ar. 2 — A. J. Burbank, Q. M. supplies 21.05 

Mar. 12 — A^-ant Courier, printing G. O. Xo. 5 2.85 

Mar. 15 — C. K. ^Vels, stationery 1.00 

Mar. 15 — J. S. AVisner, account Department badges . . 17.00 

Mar. 15 — B. F. Osborn, fourth quarter salary 25.00 

Apr. 3 — G. X. Express, express on banner to Ana- 
conda 1. 00 

Apr. 3 — Balance cash on hand 54.43 

Total $614.25 

Consolidating the reports of the Posts for the two terms of 
1896, I find— 

RECEIPTS. 

Cash on hand December 31, 1895 $ 528.01 

Cash received from all sources 3,038.35 

Total $3,566.36 

DISBrRSE:MEXTS. 

Paid per capita tax to Department $ 532.00 

Paid for relief from Post funds 167.30 

Transferred to relief funds 100.95 

All other disbursements 2,080.03 

Balance cash on hand 686.08 

Total $3,566.36 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 25 

VALUE OF POST PROPERTY, AS SHOWX BY 

REPORTS. 

Cash balance Post funds $ 686.08 

Cash balance relief fund 97.97 

Value of real estate of Posts 700.00 

Cash invested on flags, furniture, etc 1,283.56 



Total $2,767.61 

G. K. Warren Post Xo. 20 has failed to report the past year, 
the Committee on Printing not being able to get from them a 
roster of their Post. 

Custer Post l^o. 5 is in arrears for their December 31, 1896, 
per capita tax, but as they are the smallest Post in the Depart- 
ment, and no doubt struggling for existence, I recommend that 
their last quarter's dues be remitted and they be encouraged to 
continue. 

The rest of the Posts have all made their semi-annual reports 
and seem to be prospering. All bills against the Department 
have been paid. George B. McClellanPost Xo. 24 still owes 
the Department $18.89 on first bill of supplies to establish Post. 
I would recommend that the Department take some action as 
authorized by the last National Encampment in reference to 
"Picket Posts." It seems to me that in all of the places where 
Posts have surrender.ed their charters there might be a Picket 
established, the members of which would at least be willing to 
pay the per capita tax in order to remain members of the G. A. R. 
in good standing. We must do something in order to maintain, 
as long as possible, our present membership, otherwise we cannot 
exist as a Department, as you see it has taken almost our entire 
receipts to pay our current expenses the past year. 

Thanking you. Commander and Staff, as well as the Post 
Officers with whom I have had correspondence, for uniform 
courtesy and kindness during the past year, I remain 

Yours respectfully in F. C. and L., 

HEXRY T. BEVAX, 

Assistant Quartermaster General. 



26 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

REPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE GEXERAL. 

Anaconda, Montana, April 7, 1897. 
General Lester S. Willson, Department Commander, Grand 

Army of the Republic. 

Sir — I have the honor to submit the following report as the 
work performed by the Judge Advocate during the past term: 

Only one question was submitted for decision. Wadsworth 
Post asked, through the Assistant Adjutant General: "Is it 
lawful for a Post, by its By-Laws, to establish a schedule of fees 
and dues to be paid by non-resident applicants and members dif- 
ferent from that required from those who reside within the juris- 
diction of the Post?" 

To which the following reply and ruling was made: 

Anaconda, Montana, May 25, 1896. 
Col. Benj. F. Osbom, Assistant Adjutant General, Department 

of Montana, G. A. R. 

Sir and Comrade — I have the honor to reply to your 
communication of the 23d instant, transmitting an inquiry from 
"Wadsworth Post Xo. 3, for decision: 

Opinion Xo. 1 — Section 3 of Article III of Chapter Y of the 
Rules and Regulations reads: Section 3. "Each Post, by its 
By-Laws, or by a vote in the last meeting in December, may 
assess a per capita tax upon its members, payable in equal annual 
installments, on the first dav of Januarv and Julv." "Per 
Capita Tax" has been decided to be svnonvmous with "Dues." 
The power to assess such tax is a general power, vested in the 
Post. Tlie time when such may be made payable is directory, 
and the Post may prescribe other times than those stated, such as 
quarterly, monthly, or weekly. " Per Capita Tax being for Posts 
synonymous with dues, the question arises, "For what purpose 
are dues levied?" In the first place, to pay the Per Capita Tax 
to the Department and Xational Encampment, and next to pay 
hall rent and the running expenses of the Post. The intention 
of our regulation is to bring membership in the Grand Army 
within the reach of all honorably discharged soldiers who are 
not personally objectionable to the members of the Post to whit^h 
he may apply for membership. This being the governing prin- 
ciple of the regulations, it would be grossly inequitable to re- 
quire a qualified applicant for membership in the Post to pay for 
benefits that he can in no way realize. Membership in a Post, 
when one can attend its meetings and have the companionsliip 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A, R. 27 

of his Comrades — their counsel, advice and good fellowship — 
feel the touch of their elbows, and have their active sympathy in 
trials, difficulties and sickness, is certainly a very desirable ben- 
eht. This the' non-resident member of the Post cannot have. 
Yet, if he is required to pay full dues, he is required to pay for 
what he cannot get. The Post is required to levy a Per Capita 
Tax, and that this shall be the same to each member, iliere is no 
doubt, but there may be classes of membership; resident mem- 
bers, who have the benefits of the Post meeting, and non-resi- 
dent members, who cannot have these benefits. The Per Capita 
Tax of each class must be alike for its class, and the amount for 
a non-resident member must be, at least, enough to pay the Per 
Capita Tax of the Department and Xational Encampments, 
which may be $1.00 per year, 

I am of opinion that the Post may establish a schedule of fees 
and dues to be paid by non-resident applicants and members dif- 
ferent from that required of resident members. Care should be 
taken, however, that such non-resident members are not taken in 
places where there are organized Posts. 

Another question was submitted by Xat Lyon Post Xo. 23, 
Kalispel, but this office did not receive a copy, and the matter 
seems to have been settled. 

Respectfullv submitted in F. C. and L., 

T. O'LEARY, 
Judge Advocate. 



IXSPECTOR'S REPORT. 

Missoula, Montana, April 6, 1897. 
Benj. F. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Sir and Comrade — I forwarded you my annual report as In- 
spector, in due time, but deferred writing you a digest of the 
year's work until now. From the condensed reports and letters 
accompanying them I glean the following: Xumber of mem- 
bers in good standing, 520. The work in the Ritual is not, as a 
rule, committed to memory. The officers and members, as a 
rule, are not uniformed. Xumber of muskets in various Posts, 
46. Reports and remittances of Per Capita is well done. The 
officers and members are quite regular in attendance. The in- 
terest in the work is in keeping with our age. The new reports 
to the Post Inspectors have not been iised in over one-half the 



28 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

reports, so that all reports are not alike, but the salient points 
are there. There are but two Posts that report a Relief Fund, 
but their treasury is well filled with $382.72. Amount in the 
hands of the various Quartermaster, $596.74. Amount of 
property belonging to various Posts, $2,060.79. There are only 
eight Posts that have AV. R. C. attached. There are only two 
Sons of Veterans Camps. Amount of charities paid, $158.45. 
With the majority of the Posts tlie prospects are thought to be 
good. During the past year it has been my pleasure to visit a 
number of the Posts over the State, and, considering the average 
membership, the attendance is as good as could be expected, but 
we are getting old, and our work is, like our steps, getting slow; 
therefore I would recommend that steps should be taken to unite 
the W. R. C. and Sons of Veterans. In my ramblings it was 
my pleasure to stop for a few days at Miles City, and while there, 
through the kindness of our Department Commander, to re- 
muster V. S. Grant Post ]^o. 14, which I did, and will remem- 
ber with a full glow of patriotic fire while there remains a man 
in the ranks. I am surprised at the number of old soldiers all 
over the country who ought to be within our ranks. I think if 
this Encampment would permit the Posts to muster "all" old 
soldiers into the Posts this year, free of all charges, except Per 
Capita Tax and such small sums as they wished to give, would 
make our Posts stronger and give us new blood. 

Fraternally yours, in F. C. and L., 

^y. H. H. DICKIXSOX, 

Inspector. 



REPORT OF MUSTERIXG OFFICER. 

Office of Chief Mustering Officer, 
Department of ^Montana, G. A. R. 

Butte, Montana, April 7, 1897. 
General L. S. AVillson, Department Commander, G. A. R. 

Sir — I have the honor to report, as Chief Mustering Officer 
for the Grand Army year just closing, that my duties as such 
Officer were not required. You will please accept my gratitude 
for the honor conferred upon me one year ago by you. 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. H. ALMOX, C. M. 



departmp:nt of Montana, g. a. r. 29 

KEPORT OF DELEGATE TO XATIOXAL ENCA:MP- 

MEXT. 

Lester S. Willsoii, Department Commander, G. A. 11. 

Sir and Comrade — I have the honor to submit to yon the fol- 
lowing report as Delegate to the Xational Encampment at St. 
Paul: 

The Department was well represented by thirty loyal Grand 
Army men, who spent their time and money that Montana might 
be grandly represented, and I am led to believe that every one 
of them felt that he had been repaid a thousand times, for at each 
one ttf these Encampments we receive a fresh baptism of patriot- 
ism, and when once we attend one of these Encampments, it is 
almost impossible for us to stay away. At St. Paul there were 
ilowers and flags on every side, and patriotism seemed to fill the 
air. One very noticeable feature was the Living Flag, that 
seemed to sway and float in the air as does Old Glory when un- 
furled to the gentle breeze. 

One sad thought comes to me, and that is that our numbers 
must grow smaller and smaller as these Encampments go by, 
but we shall grow stronger and stronger and come in closer touch 
with each other. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

T. C. DAVIDSOX, 

Delegate to Xational Encampment. 

The Commander appointed the following Committees on Re- 
ports of Officers: 

On Senior and Junior Yice-Commanders' reports: 

W. H. Safford, Sheridan Post Xo. 18, Great Falls. 

Thomas Raker, Lincoln Post Xo. 2, Butte. 

T. H. Kleinschmidt, Wadsworth Post Xo. 3, Helena. 
On Chaplain, Judge Advocate and Inspector's reports: 

H. S. Howell, Frank Blair Post Xo. 6, Virginia City. 

J. D. Jenks, Lincoln Post Xo. 2, Butte. 

H. S. Taft, AVadsworth Post Xo. 3, Helena. 
All other reports: 

J. B. Loomis, AVadsworth Post Xo. 3, Helena. 

A. B. Knight, Lincoln Post Xo. 2, Butte. 

Thomas Baker, Lincoln Post Xo. 2, Butte. 



30 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT.. 

The following communications were then read : 

Omaha, Xebraska, March 4, 1897. 
General L. S, Willson, Department Commander, Grand Army 

of the Kepublic, Bozeman, Montana. 

Dear Sir and Comrade — Inquiries from several Departments 
having reached these Headquarters in regard to the proper day 
to be observed as a holiday on account of Memorial Day, May 
30, occurring on Sunday this year, the Commander-in-Chief 
directs that in the observance of Memorial Day, Departments 
are to conform to the directions laid down in Article XIV, Chap- 
ter Y, Rules and Regulations: 

AVhen the 30th day of May occurs on Sunday, the preceding- 
day shall be observed, except where by Legislative enactment 
(or established custom, which is unwritten law,) the- succeeding 
day is made a legal holiday, when such day shall be observed. 
I have the honor to remain. 

Very respectfully yours, in F. C. and L., 

CHARLES E. BURMESTER, 

Adjutant General. 



Xew York, March 12, 1897. 
Mr. L. S. Willson, Department Commander of the G. A. R., 
Bozeman, Montana. 

My Dear Mr. Commander — The Grant Monument Inaugu- 
ration occurs on April 27, 1897. The Commandei--in-Chief of 
the G. A. R. has signified his intention to be present and take 
command of all G. A. R. organizations taking part in the parade. 
I shall make the march as short as possible, so that all the old 
soldiers can take part in it, and this will be made a prominent 
feature of the occasion. I extend to you a cordial invitation to 
be present with your Staff and take command of the Posts from 
your State. 

In case there are no visiting Posts from your State, it will 
give me jileasure to assign you and your Staff a proper position 
in the G. A. R. Division, as representing the G. A. R. from your 
State. An early response will greatly oblige. 

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

GRAXVILLE M. DODGE, 

Grand Marshal. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 31 

A letter from W. A. Haven, a member of this Department, 
now a resident of Buffalo, X. Y., was read, offering his services 
toward securing Headquarters for Montana at the coming Na- 
tional Encampment. 

On motion of Comrade J. G. Sanders, Comrade Ned Parker 
entertained tne Depunment witn severui interesting reciiations. 

Comrade Wisner notified the members of the Encampment 
that all Comrades were entitled to free transportation on all 
street car lines during the session of the Encampment. 

On motion, the Encampment took a recess to 10 A. M., 
April 8. . 

THUKSDAY MORNING SESSION. 
Encampment convened at 10 o'clock A, M. 
A delegation from the W. K. C. being announced, were ad- 
mitted. 

Kuth Burton addressed the Encampment on behalf of the 
W. E. C. 

Response made by Commander Willson. 
Encampment was invited to attend the W. R. C. meeting to 
hear the address of the President. 

On motion of Comrade O'Leary, Comrade J. II. Mills was ap- 
pointed a committee to invite the AY. R. C. to visit the Encamp- 
ment in a body to present their address. 

The following report from the W. R. C. was received and read 
and placed on tile: 

Anaconda, Montana, April 8, 1897. 
Department Commander L. S. Willson and Comrades of the 
Thirteenth Annual Encampment of the Department of Mon- 
tana, Grand Army of the Republic. 

I have the honor to transmit to you a report of the Relief work 
done by the Woman's Relief Corps of Montana for tlie year end- 
ing March 31, 1897, as per consolidated reports: 

Cash expended during the year $183.00 

Estimated value other than money 91.80 

Number of soldiers and families assisted dur- 
ing the year 71 

Total $274.80 

Yours, in F. C. and L., 
AMITYS MANCHESTER, 

Department President. 



32 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

The members of the AVomau's Relief Corps, now in session, 
send greeting to the Grand Army of the Republic. Another 
mile-stone in the journey of life is past, and we more fully 
realize what you have done for the nation. AVe desire to thank 
you for all kindnesses in the past, and wish prosperity and happi- 
ness to attend you in tlie future. 

Comrade Mills reported that he had visited the W. R. C, and 
they had accepted the invitation and they \vere at once admitted. 

On motion of Comrade W. II. H. Dickinson, by a rising vote, 
the Department AV. R. C. were tendered a vote of thanks for the 
good work done in behalf of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Mrs. P. H. Manchester then delivered her annual address. 

Past Department President Frances E. Moore also read an 
interesting account of her visit to the Xational Encampment at 
St. Paul. 

The AV. R. C. having retired, the report of the Committee on 
Commander's Address was then read and approved as follows : 

Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 
To the Thirteenth Depaitment Eneajnpment of the Grand 

Army of the Republic, Department of Montana: 

Your Committee to whom was referred the Address of the 
Department Commander, respectfully report that, having duly 
considered the same, we most heartily approve of all the acts and 
recommendations therein mentioned, and commend, as worthy 
of the strongest approval, the administration of Department 
Commander AA'illson and his efficient Staff, who, during a period 
of gTeat business depression, have materially increased the mem- 
bership and Posts in this Department, discharged all financial 
obligations and left a balance in the treasury, and have main- 
tained, at a high standard, the "morale" of the Department. 
These things command, and we earnestly and sincerely award to 
our Department Commander, the thanks of the Department, 
with the fervent hope that he may long live to wear the honors 
he has so worthily won. 

His reference to the services of the AVoman's Relief Corps is 
a well deserved tribute to that noble auxiliary organization, and 
it is our belief that f\u$ Encampment should, in a practical way, 
endeavor to establish closer relations with that Corps than has 
heretofore existed. AA"e recommend that all Posts where there 
is an organization of the AA''. R. C, have frequent social sessions, 
in which the Relief Corps be cordially invited to participate, and 
that where no Corps exists, earnest effort be made to have them 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 33 

established as soon as possible, and that the W. R. C. be made 
to know that this Department approves, appreciates, and holds 
in highest regard their noble work. And, fnrther, learning 
that the continned existence of a nnmber of our Posts is largely 
due to the self-sacrificing efforts of that Corps, which depleted 
their treasury until they have felt themselves unable to print 
the proceedings of their annual meetings, we propose to them, as 
a partial recognition of their great services, and as a token of our 
fraternal regard, that this Encampment will, if it meets with 
their approval, include a synopsis of their official proceedings 
as an addenda in the printed proceedings of this Department. 

Relating to the Soldiers' Home, we learn with pleasure that 
this worthy institution is almost ready for the reception of desti- 
tute and deserving soldiers of the Union, and that by the action 
of the Xational Government, the State of Montana, and other 
generous friends, it seems assured that never again will any one 
of those who rallied around the flag in the hour of its peril, be 
compelled to breathe his last in a poorhouse wdthin the confines 
of Montana. The good work inaugurated by a former En- 
campment of this Department, and aided by patriotic friends in 
official and private life, is nearing consummation. Our only 
regret is that it has been recently held that only a small portion 
of the very small sum asked of, and appropriated by, the Fifth 
Legislative Assembly can be had for the equipment of the Home. 
The full amount appropriated was barely adequate; the amount 
to which it was reduced cripples most seriously this worthy en- 
terprise. We trust that through the efforts of this Encamp- 
ment and the Board of Managers of the Soldiers' Home, this dif- 
ficultv niav be vet averted. 

« «. t 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

P. R. DOLMAX. 
FREDERICK HOPP. 
JAMES H. MILLS. 
Report of Committee on Reports of Chaplain, Judge Advo- 
cate and Inspector read and adopted as follows: 

Anaconda, April 7, 1897. 
To L. S. Willson, Department Commander. 

Dear Sir and Comrade — We, your committee, appointed to 
examine the reports of the Chaplain, Judge Advocate and In- 
spector, respectfully report that we have performed said duty, 
and recommend as follows: "^ • 



34 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

That the report of the Chaplain be approved, and that all 
original matter in said report be published as part of our pro- 
ceedings. 

That the decision of the Judge Advocate be approved and 
considered the rule regarding the matter of non-resident mem- 
bers, that is to say, deciding who shall be so considered ; and, fur- 
ther, that the report and decision of the Judge Advocate be pub- 
lished with the proceedings. 

In regard to the Department Inspector, we would recommend 
that said report be adopted, except the resolution of uniting the 
W. R. C and Sons of Veterans, which is beyond our jurisdic- 
tion. And that his recommendation to permit Posts to muster 
all old soldiers this year free of all charge, except the Per Capita 
Tax, is in conflict with Chapter II, Article II, Section 8, By- 
Laws of this Department, which provides that an admission fee 
of not less than one dollar ($1.00) must be paid. 

Respectfullv submitted in F. C. and L., 

H. S. HOWELL. 
J. D. JEXKS. 
H. S. TAFT. 
The following report of the Committee on Senior Vice-Com- 
mander's Report was read and adopted: 

Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 
Lester S. Willson, Department Commander, G. A. R. 

AVe, your committee, to whom was referred the Report of the 
Senior Vice-Commander, would respectfully submit, that we 
have examined the same, and that it meets with our cordial ap- 
proval, and we congratulate the Senior Vice-Commander upon 
his concise and brief statement. 

All of which is respectfullv submitted in F. C. and L. 

AV. H. S AFFORD. 
T. H. KLEIXSCHMIDT. 
J. X. BAKER. 
The report of Council of Administration was tlien read and 
adopted. 

Headquarters Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Anaconda, ^lontana, April 8, 1897. 
L. S. "Willson, Commander Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Dear Sir and Comrade — The Council of Administration, to 
whom was referred the reports of the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral, and Assistant Quartermaster General, respectfully report, 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. K. 35 

that we have examined tlie reports of these Officers, and find 
them accurate and most complete in detail, and while we do not 
enter into detail in checking up the vouchers of the Assistant 
Quartermaster General, as we did not think this necessary, we 
vouch for th^ir correctness, and the sum as reported ($54.43) is 
the true amount in his liands to turn over to his successor in office. 
In the matter of the delimpiency of G. K. Warren Post Xo. 
19, at Tort Benton, as reported by the Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral, we find that he is wrong in the number, as it is No. 20, and 
it should so appear in his report. We have no recommendation, 
but would ask you to place the matter of delinquency before this 
bodv, that it mav be settled. We would recommend that the 
suggestion of the Assistant Quartermaster General, that the 
arrears of Custer Post Xo. 5 be remitted for the second term be 
-adopted. If it is, as he states, the weakest Post in the Depart- 
ment, we should, in a fraternal manner, give a helping hand. 
Respectfullv submitted, in F. C. and L. 

J. M. LIXDLEY. 
JOSEPIIUS EICPI. 
ALFRED E. GLOYD. 
Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 
The following from the Committee on Report of Chief Mus- 
tering Officer was read and adopted: 

Commander and Comrades — We respectfully submit report 
of Chief Mustering Officer S. H. Almon, and recommend that 
the report be received and placed on file. 

Respectfully, in F. C. and L. 

J. B. LOOMIS. 
J. A. BAKER. 
A. B. KXIGHT. 
Recess taken until 1 :30 P. ^f. Committee. 



AFTERXOOX SESSIOX. 

The following resolutions were offered by Comrade J. H. Mills, 
and unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That this Department Encampment learns with pro- 
found regTet that the honorable State Examining Board has ruled 
that only $3,000 of the $5,000 appropriated by the Fifth Legisla- 
tive Assembly for equipping the Soldiers' Home of Montana 
can be paid for that purpose; that the amount appropriated was 
the lowest sum which careful computation had shown it could 



36 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

be economically and adequately equipped; that the care of in- 
digent old soldiers in this Home transfers the maintenance of 
those persons, at a lessened cost, from the several counties to the 
State, as the United States joins with the State in maintaining, 
the Soldiers' Home; that an inadequate equipment will be very 
detrimental in several respects, and that we most earnestly appeal 
to the State Examining Board to reconsider its action in this 
matter, and instruct the payment of the full amount appropriated. 

Resolved, That Comrades Lester S. Willson, T. O'Leary and 
J. G. Sanders be appointed a Committee of the Encampment to 
present the honorable State Examining Board with a copy of 
these resolutions and endeavor to secure the action herein recom- 
mended. 

Report of Committee on Report of Delegate to Xational En- 
campment was then read and adopted. 

Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 

Commander and Comrades — We, your Committee, to whom 
was referred the report of our I^ational Delegate, Comrade Da- 
vidson, would respectfully report that we feel highly flattered, 
and, with pardonable pride, we refer to the distinction and honor 
bestowed upon Montana, made up of men from nearly all, if not 
all of the States. We feel that wc can truthfully represent the 
whole nation. AVe recommend that the report be received and 
the thanks of the Comrades be extended to the Delegate, and hope 
that as good a report may be made by future delegations to Xa- 
tional Encampments. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. B. LOOMIS, 
J. A. BAKER. 
A. B. KXIGHT. 

The following resolution was offered by Comrade T. O'Leary, 
and unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That the Department Commander, being, ex-officio, 
a member of the Board of Managers of the Soldiers' Home, shall, 
in future, be required to include in his annual report a report of 
the proceedings of that Board, the expenditures for the support 
of the Home, and a summary of the work of the Board. 

Moved, by Comrade T. O'Leary, that a committee of five be 
appointed for the purpose of making rules to govern Outposts 
in this Department. 

The Commander appointed Comrades T. O'Leary, J. H. Mills, 
W. PL H. Dickinson, T. H. Kleinschmidt and Levi E. Holmes. 



DEPARTMENT OF iMONlANA, G. A. K. 37 

The following report from the Committee on Territorial Limits 
was here read and adopted : 

Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 

Department Commander — Your committee, to whom was re- 
ferred the matter of providing laws regulating the territorial 
limits of resident and non-resident membership in this Depart- 
ment, respectfully report as follows: 

AVe recommend that the following rules and regulations, to 
govern in this Department, be adopted: 

Resident membei-s of a Post shall be defined to be those mem- 
bers residing within any town or citv within the limits of this 
Department, or within five miles of such town or city. 

Section 13. Where three or more non-resident members re- 
side in any locality they may, with consent of the Parent Post, 
be organized as an Outpost, to be designated as "Outpost Xo. — 
of Post Xo. — , Department of Montana." 

Each Outpost may annually elect, from its own members, a 
Sergeant, to preside at meetings. Such meetings may be held at 
the home of any Comrade, at the convenience of the members. 
There shall be at least one meeting of each Outpost in every three 
months, and it is hereby made the duty of the Sergeant of the 
Outpost to report to his Post Commander that such meetings 
have been held, and he shall collect the dues of his Outpost and 
transmit the same to the Quartermaster of his Post. 

On Membership. — The application of any person for non-resi- 
dent membership in an Outpost shall be passed upon by the 
Parent Post, and the Post Commander may, in j^erson, or by a 
suitable detail, muster in such applicant, and for such purpose 
may, at his option, administer only the obligation of membership. 

The dues of the members of Outposts and of non-resident mem- 
bers shall be not less than $1 per year, to be paid semi-annually 
to the Parent Post. 

Members of Outposts and non-resident members may visit their 
Parent Post, and are entitled to all the rights and privileges of 
members in such Parent Post. 

Respectfully submitted, T. O'LEARY. 

L. E. HOLMES. 
JAS. H. MILLS. 
W. H. H. DICKIXSOX. 
T. H. KLEIXSCHMIDT. 
Moved and adopted, that the report from Secretary of Soldiers' 
Home, when received, be made a part of this Department's pub- 
lished proceedings. 



38 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

The following resolution was offered by Comrade J. G. San- 
ders, and carried unanimously: 

Kesolved, That at the next Department Encampment of Mon- 
tana, Grand Army of the Kepublie, and thereafter until other- 
wise enacted, the ratio of representation shall be as follows: Fii-st, 
Two Representatives-at-Large from each Post. Second, One 
Representative for each twenty-five members, and an additional 
Representative for a final fraction of more than one-half that 
number, said representation to be based on the number of mem- 
bers in good standing in the several Posts at the date of election 
of delegates. 

Moved by H. T. Bevan, that the Assistant Adjutant General 
be requested to furnish the Public Libraries of the State with 
copies of all proceedings of this Encampment, so far as possible. 
Carried. 

A resolution was offered by George T. Chambers, that the 
salaries of Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quarter- 
master General be made $50 each per annum. Amended by J. 
G. Sanders to be made $100. Amendment carried. 

The AVoman's Relief Corps here visited the Encampment in a 
bodv, and Miss Josie Van Tassel entertained the members with a 
few war songs. The Encampment gave her a rising vote of 
thanks. 

The Commander then announced that the next order of busi- 
ness would be the Election and Installation of Department Offi- 
cers for the ensuing year. 

The following Tellers were a])pointed: T. H. Kleinschmidt 
and J. E. Baker. 

The following Officers were then elected for the ensuing year: 

Commander — :T. C. Davidson, Anaconda. 

Senior Vice-Commander — George T. Chambers, Livingston. 

Junior Vice-Commander — W. H. H. Dickinson, Missoula. 

Chaplain — George AV. Jenkins, Stevensville. 

^[edical Director — Levi E. Holmes, Butte. 

Council of Administration — T. H. Kleinschmidt, Helena; J. 
A. Baker, Butte; H. S. Howell, Helena; J. O. Gregg, Great 
Falls; W. X. AVright, Anaconda. 

Representatives to Xational Encampment: 

Representative-at-Large — AV. A. Haven. 

Representative — F. Geo. Heldt. 

Alternates— R. C. Wallace, W. H. Teaton. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 39 

The following communication was received, read and ordered 
entered in the proceedings of the Encampment: 

The Members of the Woman's Relief Corps, to the Grand 
Army of the Republic — We desire to return thanks to you for 
your cordial reception this morning and for the many kindnesses 
in the past, and trust that this kind feeling may always exist, and 
rest assured Ave know no other feelings for the noble G. A. R. 

Yours in F. C. and L., 
WOMAX'S RELIEF CORPS, DEFT. MOXTAXA. 

Anaconda, April 8, 1897. 

At the invitation of Fred Winthrop Post Xo. 11, it was unani- 
mously voted to hold the next Annual Encampment at Missoula. 

It was unanimously carried, by a rising vote, that the thanks 
of this Department be tendered the different railroads and ex- 
press companies for their generous offer to carry all supplies do- 
nated for use of Soldiers' Home free of charge. 

Chief Mustering Officer S. H. Almon proceeded to install the 
officers-elect. 

The following committee was appointed on Printing of Pro- 
ceedings of this Encampment: B. F. Osborn, H. T. Bevan, T. 
H. Kleinschmidt. 

The following named Comrades were appointed by Com- 
mander Davidson and were installed by Chief Mustering Officer 
S. H. Almon: 

Assistant Adjutant General — J, S. Wisner. 

Assistant Quartermaster General — H. T. Bevan. 

Judge Advocate — P. H. Hughes. 

Inspector — Jas. M. Sligh. 

Chief Mustering Officer — J. D. Jenks. 

Comrade T. H. Kleinschmidt offered the following resolution, 
which was carried unanimouslv: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Department are due and 
hereby tendered to the Comrades of George G. Meade Post Xo. 
16, G. A. R., for their united efforts in entertaining this Depart- 
ment at its annual session just closed. 

Past Xational Chaplain-in-Chief Iliff gave a few minutes' dis- 
course to the Encampment, and was given very hearty applausa 

Department stood adjourned until 9:30 A. M. 



Encampment called to order by Past Commander L. S. Will- 
son, at 9:30 A. M., April 9, 1897. 



40 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

Comrade A. X. Bull of Moody Post Xo. 25 moved that at all 
future Eucampment^s no banquet shall be served. 

On motion of Comrade T. H. Kleinschmidt, Comrade Bull's 
motion was laid on the table. 

Moved, by Comrade O'J.eary, that a vote of thanks be extended 
to the retiring Officers of this Department. Carried unani- 
mously. 

Resolution offered by Comrade Kleinschmidt extending thanks 
of the Department to the Mayor and citizens in general of Ana- 
conda. Carried unanimously. 

Moved, by Junior Yice-Commander Dickinson, that a vote of 
thanks be extended to Mr. ^larcus Dalv for his modt aenerous 
offer to assist the G. A. R. and W. R. C. Carried • 

A communication was received from J. H. James, asking some 
action by the Encampment in securing a total disability i)ension 
for Comrade James Kinney. Moved and carried by Comrade 
Kleinschmidt that the connnunication be referred to the Judge 
Advocate. 

Comrade J. D. Jenks moved that a vote of thanks be extended 
the different railroads for courtesies to the Grand Army of the 
Republic. Carried unanimously. 

There being no further business, the Encampment closed in 
due form. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 41 



nDusterc^ ©ut. 



FKAXK BOriiGON, 
Co. B, 81st Ohio. 



EZRA M. ALDERMAN, AGED 53, 
30th Ind. Inf. 



GEORGE W. ARMSTRONG, 
Co. D, 20th Ohio Inf. 



WASHIXGTOX MUGGY. 



SEBASTIAX RICHARDS, 
Co. E, Missouri Militia. Died May 21, 1896. 



RICHARD HOBACK, 

Sergeant 2nd Minn. Cav. Died Jnlv 16, 1896. 



ALOXZO HARRIS, 
Co. I, 193d Penn. 



LEAVIS C. LA BARRE, 
Co. C, 31st Wis. Inf. 



I 



GENERAL ORDERS. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Bozeman, Montana, January 11, 1897. 
Circular 
Xo. 1. 
Comrades — There is now pending in the Legislative Assembly 
(now in session) a bill having for its purpose the appropriation of 
sufficient funds to furnish and equip the State Soldiers' Home, at 
Columbia Falls. It is important that this measure should be- 
come a law at as early a date as possible, and it is hoped that the 
members of the G. A. R. throughout the State, either by action 
of their Posts, or as individuals, will use their influence with the 
members of the Legislature from their respective committees to 
that end. 

You are therefore earnestly requested to call a meeting of your 
Post at once to ena'ble them to take such action as to them may 
seem best, or if this is not practicable, you are requested to circu- 
late a i>etition, to your members of the Legislature, among the 
Comrades and citizens generally, requesting immediate action 
upon this measure. 

LESTER S. WILLSOX, 
Department Commander. 
Official. 

BEXJ. F. OSBORX, 
Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R, 
Bozeman, Montana, April 13, 1896. 
General Orders, 
Xo. 1. 
L The Department Commander elected at the Twelfth An- 
nual Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic on April 
10, 1896, hereby assumes the duties of that office. 

Expressing gratitude for the honor conferred and the trust 
imposed, he earnestly invokes the aid and co-operation of all Com- 
rades, to the end that this may be a year of enthusiasm and pros- 
perity to the Department. 



44 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

II. The following appointments have been made: 

Assistant Adjutant General — Comrade B. F. Osborn, 

Bozeman. 
Assistant (Quartermaster General-^Comrade H. T. 

Bevan, Helena. 
Judge Advocate — Timothy O'Leary, Anaconda. 
Inspector^ — William H. H. Dickinson, Missoula. 
Chief Mustering Officer — S. H. Alnion, Butte. 

III. In future orders, other appointments will be announced. 

LESTER S. WlLLSON, 
Department Conmiander. 



Headcjuarters Department of Montana, G. A. R., 

Office of the Commander, 
Bozeman, Montana, April 17, 1896. 
General Orders, 
^o. 2. 

I. The Twelfth Department Encampment, held at Bozeman, 
April 9 and 10, 1896, elected the following officers: 

Commander — Lester S. Willson, Bozeman. 

Senior Vice-Commander — F. George Heldt, Great Falls. 

Junior Vice-Commander — Lvman Loring, Kalispel. 

Medical Director — Irvin M. Rockefeller, Anaconda. 

Chaplain — George AV. Jenkins, Stevensville. 

Council of Administration — Josephus Rich, of Steadman 
Post; A. E. Gloyd, of Frank Blair Post; James Gibson, of Sheri- 
dan Post; Joseph M. Lindley, of William English Post; William 
H. Yeaton, of Farragiit Post. 

Representatives to Xational Encampment — Thaddeus C. Da- 
vidson, Anaconda: Charles B. Miller, Helena. 

Alternates — William H. H. Dickinson, Missoula: James B. 
Loomis, Helena. 

II. The following Staff appointments are announced: 
Senior Aid-de-Camp and Chief of Staif— W. Y. Smith, Wil- 
liam English Post Xo. 10, Bozeman. 

Aides-de-Camp — James K. Pardee, Burnside Post Xo. 22, 
Philipsburg: R. C. Wallace, Wadsworth Post Xo. 8, Helena: 
James Gibson, Sheridan Post Xo. 18, Great Falls. 

III. Post Commanders will forward to these Headquarters 
the names of Comrades (one from each Post) for appointment as 



DEPAKTMENT OF MONTANA G. A. K. 4:5 

Aids-de-Camp on the Staff of the Department Commander; also 
names of Comrades (one from each Post) for Assistant Inspectoi'S. 
Snch Comrades should be selected as will devote the necessary 
attention to the duties for which they are recommended 

IV. The official reports of the Woman's Kelief Corps show- 
that this patriotic auxiliary is doing a noble work. To these 
earnest, untiring and loyal women, who are aiding us in every 
way possible, we not only owe our cordial support and sympathy, 
but every effort should be made to assist in the growth and pros- 
perity of .this Department. 

Its Headquarters have been established at Butte, Mrs. Amytis 
Manchester, Department President. 

V. In compliance with resolutions passed at the Twelfth 
Annual Encampment, Post Commanders will forward, as soon as 
possible, to the Assistant Adjutant General at Bozeman, a com- 
plete roster of their Posts; also the names of all ex-soldiers and 
their address living in their vicinity. 

Bv connnand of 

LESTER S. WILLSOX, 

Commander. 
BEXJ. F. OSBORX, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, G. A. R. 
Bozeman, Montana, April 28, 1896. 
General Orders, 
Xo. 3. 

The 30th day of May is one of national significance; designated 
Memorial Day, in commemoration of the deeds of our fallen 
Comrades, and augmented by Legislative authority. Let us not 
forget its import by word or deed. 

I would that all secular occupations and sports might cease on 
this day, and that both old and young join \Wth us in doing honor 
to America's noblemen. AVitli the legions, they have only gone 
before, and are serving Him "who doeth all things well." They 
were our friends; we touched elbows with them, and no duty is 
so sweet or sacred as when we strew their graves with flowers, and 
do reverence to the dust that covers all that was mortal of our 
nation's heroes. Memorv thrills at the manv noble deeds; love 
of country; love for the dear old Flag; life staked in the balance, 



46 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

a sacrifice freely offered and unselfishly given. Xone too poor or 
proud to do them honor. 

We are but the rear guard, marching to the final surrender! 
Let our bearing and reverence for these in the advance, mar- 
shaled on the Eternal camping ground, be such as shall make 
this the day most revered by our children, and our children's 
children; a day that the nation shall be proud to honor above all 
others. 

II. Everv effort should be made to increase the interest of 
holding patriotic services in the public schools on the Friday pre- 
ceding Memorial Day. A custom soon becomes unwritten law. 
The practice of attending Divine service on the Sunday preced- 
ing Memorial Day is well established. Let us make this a duty 
rather than a custom, and we shall honor ourselves. It is ex- 
pected that all Posts will attend church in a body, and it is desired 
that the Comrades absent from their Posts shall make the effort 
to be present at a church service when possible. Post Chaphiins 
will, immediately after Memorial Day, report to the Department 
Chaplain the character of the Di\4ne sei'vice, and the numbers 
in attendance. 

III. It is expected that all auxiliary organizations will join 
with us in church, as well as Memorial services, and, as cus- 
tomary, all civil and military societies, public officials, citizens 
and school children should be invited to participate in the services 
of ^lemorial Day. 

By command of 

LESTER S. AVILLSOX, 
Department Commander. 
BEXJ. F. OSBORX, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquartei-s Department of Montana, G. A. R., 
Bozeman, Montana, August 3, 1896. 
General Orders, 
Xo. 4. 
The following Staff appointments are announced: 
Aides-de-Caniji — W. H. Herrick, George B. McClellan Post 
Xo. 24, Columbia Falls; G. AV. Rightenour, Custer Post Xo. 5, 
Sheridan; David Evans, George G. Meade Post Xo. 16, Ana- 
conda: John :^L King, Frank Blair Post Xo. 6, Virginia City; 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 47 



Saiiniel G. Smith, Lincoln Post I^o. 2, Butte; P. H. Fisher, Far- 
ragut Post Xo. 7, Livingston; W. J. Phime, ^STat Lyons Post Xo. 
28, Kalispel; Charles Young, L". S. Grant Post Xo. 14, Miles 
City; Lewis 1). Smith, James A. Shields Post Xo. 19, Lewistown; 
William P]. Bancroft, Fred Winthrop Post Xo. 11, Missoula. 

Inspectoi-s — Henry A. Miller, George B. McClellan Post Xo. 
24, Columbia Falls; Daniel W. Thompson, Custer Post Xo. 5, 
Sheridan; E. A. Waterbury, George G. Meade Post Xo. 16, Ana- 
conda; Eugene Stark, Frank Blair Post Xo. 6, Virginia City; 
CHlbert Engle, Lincoln Post Xo. 2, Butte; G. T. Chambers, Far- 
ragut Post Xo. 7, Livingston; R. C. Palmer, Xat Lyons Post Xo, 
23, Kalispel; Andrew Dolfer, U. S. Grant Post Xo. 14, Miles 
City; Willis S. Long, James A. Shields Post Xo. 19, Lewistown; 
Samuel Bellew, Fred Winthrop Post Xo. 11, Missoula. 

II. The Department Commander takes this occasion to con- 
gratulate the Comrades on the growth and prosperity of the De- 
partment since assuming command, and to render thanks for the 
uniform courtesy and support he has received from all the C^om- 
rades. It is a source of great gi*atification to announce that 
IT. S. Grant Post of Miles City has reorganized ; taken out a new 
charter and is doing good work for the Order. At Ennis, on the 
11th instant, a new Post will be installed under the name of 
Moody Post Xo. 25. The growth of the Department along the 
whole line so far, has been greater than could have been antici- 
pated. 

III. The Thirtieth Xational Encampment, to be held at St. 
Paul, is one of unusual significance to this Department. This, 
without doubt, is to be one of the very large Encampments in our 
history, probably the largest that will ever be held again. The 
geographical situation is in our favor, and the railroads have 
made an unprecedented low rate — from Montana points, one 
fare for the round trip, and good for thirty days. The several 
committees at St. Paul are working energetically and in a sys- 
tematic way to secure to visiting Comrades the greatest degree of 
comfort, at a minimum price. Headquarters of the Department 
will be established at 162 (^ollege avenue, on the line of parade, 
and I am assured that it is a most desirable place. Arrange- 
ments have been made for twenty people, at least, at Headquar- 
ters, at a price of $2 per day. I believe that for the good of the 
Order, for renewed energies and of the awakening of a better in- 
terest in life and in living, nothing better may be found than that 
of attending a Xational Encampment. 



48 THIRTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

1 hope to see the Department represented in force, making it 
one of the memorable occasions of onr lives. 

Headquarters will be oj^en to receive and provide for, so fr.r 
as possible, every Comrade of this Department. A general re- 
ception room will be furnished in which to receive visiting Com- 
rades and friends. In order that the best possible service may be 
rendered, I ask all Comrades intending to go, to notify the As- 
sistant Adjutant General by letter, so that an estimate may be 
made as to what our force will be, and to assist in making more 
complete the arrangements for entertainment and comfort. 

Bv command of 

LESTER S. WILLSOX, 
Department Commander. 
EEXJ. F. OSBOEX, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Department of ^lontana, G. A. R., 
Bozeman, Montana, March, 1897. 
General Orders, 
Ko. 5. 

I. The Thirteenth Annual Encampment of the (Jrand Army 
of the Republic, Department of Montana, will convene in the hail 
of George G. Meade Post Xo. 16, at Anaconda, Montana, April 
7, 1807, at 11 o'clock A. M. The Council of Administration 
will meet at the Hotel ]\[ontana at 9 o'clock A. M., April 7, to 
transact Department business and audit the books of the Assistant 
Adjutant General and Assistant Quartermaster General. The 
Committee on Credentials will meet at 10 o'clock A, M., April 7, 
at Hotel Montana. 

TI. In order to' facilitate the completion of the roll of the En- 
campment, Post (^ommandei"s who have not forwarded the list of 
Officers and Representatives, will do so at once. 

III. All railroads leading to Anaconda will sell tickets at the 
rate of one full fare, and one-fifth returning. These rates will 
apply to the Members of the Encampment, Members of the AVo- 
man's Relief Corps and other Comrades and friends. 

All who desire to have the benefit of this reduced rate must pay 
full fare at the point of starting and secure from the ticket agent 
a certificate to that effect, with the ticket. These tickets must 
be signed by the Assistant Adjutant General at the Encanqunent, 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, (i. A. R. 49 

and if presented to tlie ticket agent at Anaconda within one day 
after adjournment, will entitle the purchaser to a returning 
ticket at one-fifth fare. 

IV. Assurances are received from George G. Meade Post 
(our host for this occasion) that ample accommodations will be 
provided for all, and at reduced rates. Hotel rates ranging from 
$1.75 to $3 per day, and lodgings may be secured at 50 cents per 
night, and meals at 25 cents each. Every effort is being made 
bv our friends and Comrades at xVnaconda to make this one of the 
most successful — a "red letter period" of our Encampment days. 

V. The following Comrades are appointed as Committee on 
Credentials: Benj. E. Osborn, Assistant Adjutant General; J. 
G. Sanders, Past Department Commander, and J. S. Wisner, 
Adjutant of George G. Meade Post. 

YI. The Commander of Post Xo. 16 will detail from his Post 
an Officer of the Day and an Officer of the Guard, for duty during 
the Encampment, also two Comrades to act as Sentinels. These 
Officers and Guards will report to the Assistant Adjutant General 
in uniform for instructions, at 10 o'clock A. M., on April 7, at the 
hall. 

All Comrades in good standing will be admitted to the En- 
campment. 

VII. AVe have the assurance that ex-Xational Chaplain Iliif 
will be present at the Encampment, an honor that will be grate- 
fully appreciated by all the Comrades. 

Ours is the grandest secular organization in the world's history, 
and it is to be hoj^ed that the attendance may be general and en- 
thusiastic for the "good of the Order." 

Bv command of 

LESTER S. WILLSOX, 
Department Commander. 

BEXJ. F. OSBORX, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Woman's Relief Corps 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA 



AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC 



SYNOPSIS OF PROCEEDINGS 



Fourth Annual Convention 



HELD AT 



ANACONDA, MONTANA 



APRIL 7-8. 1897 



SYNOPSIS 



OF 



Proceedings of the Woman's Relief Corps 



AT ANACONDA. 



The Fourth Annual Convention of the Woman's Relief Corps, 
Department of Montana, Auxiliary to the G. A. R., met in the 
City of xVnaconda, April 7, 18UT. The Convention was called to 
order by the President, ^Irs. Amitys Manchester, at 2:40 P. M. 
The following Department Officers were present: Past De- 
partment President Francis E. Moore, Senior Vice President 
Ella M. Edsall, Junior Vice President Mary E. Short, Secretary 
Lizzie Poland, Treasurer Mary E. Sires, Inspector Amelia A, 
Lamb, 1. and I. Officer Mary E. Ecklund, of the Executive 
Board; Mary E. Skillen and Hester Thayer, (yorps Presidents 
— Corps Xo. 4, Ellen Dagenhart; Corps Xo. 5, Hester Thayer; 
Corjis Xo. 7, (^aroline Pease. Past Corps Presidents — Sylvia 
Grantier, Coii)s Xo. 7, and Emma Dickinson, Corps Xo. 7, and 
twelve accredited delegates. The Convention was opened in 
regular form, with devotional exercises. The reports of the 
Department Officers were then read and committees appointed. 

Some of these reports were very interesting, showing a willing- 
ness on the part of the officers to do their work. Although no 
new Corps were organized during the year, it was not the lack of 
zeal on the part of the I. and I. Officer. The report on Patriotic 
Instruction showing a growing interest in teaching the children 
those principles of patriotism and love for the dear old flag which 
forms the bulwark of our nation. 

The Treasurer's report showed the total cash receipts for the 
year to be $257.11, with a cash balance of the preceding year of 
$71.21. The disbursements amounted to $288.02, leaving a 
cash balance on hand of $40.30, of which $19.53 belongs to the 
Relief Fund; $7.00 to the Anderson ville Prison Fund, an<l 
$13.77 to the General Fund. 



54 FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

The Secretary's report showed that while many Corps had in- 
creased in membership, there was a total loss of 18 in the De- 
partment. During the year there has been $183.00 expended 
in relief; other than money, $91.80. Xnmber of soldiers and 
families assisted, 71. 

The Department President asked the question: "How shall 
we gain and retain the esteem of the G. A. R. T' and called^ on 
the Corps Presidents to respond. This elicited pleasant discus- 
sion, which showed that a general good feeling exists between 
Post and Corps throughout the Department. It was moved and 
carried that the Convention hold open session at 10 o'clock A. M., 
and the G. A. R. be invited to listen to the President's address. 

The second session was called to order at 10 A. M. The Con- 
vention was waited upon by Comrades Mills and Edwards, with 
an invitation from the G. A. R. Encampment to meet in their 
hall, as the one we occupied was inadequate to seat all who de- 
sired to hear the President's address. Invitation accepted, and 
found the G. A. R. standing to receive us, while the President 
was introduced to the Department Commander, who in turn pre- 
sented her to the Encampment. The Department President, 
Amitys Manchester, then read the following address: 

Ladies — I bid vou welcome to this, the Fourth Annual Con- 
vention, of the Department of Montana, Woman's Relief Corps. 

When, one year ago, you elected me to fill the very responsible 
office of Department President, I thought down deep in my heart 
that you had made a great mistake, but as the choice was unani- 
mous I promised myself, if hard work and attention to my duties 
could repay you for the sacred trust imposed in me, I would merit 
your approval at the end of the year. How well I have kept that 
pledge I leave for you to judge. Trusting you will deal gently 
with my many faults and only look for the good there is in me, I 
ask you to give me your imdivided attention to all reports and 
recommendations submitted, that you may leave this convention 
with a thorough understanding of every question presented for 
vour consideration. 

Before taking u]) the work of the Order, we should pay tribute 
to the memory of our de}iarted sistei"s. Death, with relentless 
hand, has taken from our ranks three members, one in the bloom 
of life, the others who were passing down on the other side. On 
July 12 Clementine Demars, who for two successive years served 
this Department as Treasurer, passed away, after a long and 
painful illness. While it is hard to lav the bodies of loved ones 



w. 



R. C. , DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA. 55 



away, in this ease we could not help but feel that, what was our 
loss\vas her gain. On October 12 we were again reminded of 
the uncertainty of life. Receiving a letter in the morning from 
Department Chaplain Xellie Williams, full of life and hope for 
the future prosperity of our Order, words fail to express my feel- 
ings when, at G o'clock, I received a message that her life had 
suddenly gone out, leaving a sorrowing husband, three little chil- 
dren and many loving relatives to mourn her loss. I imme- 
diately sent a message of sympathy to the bereaved friends, and 
in the name of the Department a beautiful floral emblem in the 
form of our badge. Xotice of her death and burial was given in 
General Order Xo. 5, and our charters were draped in mourning 
for tliirtv davs. 

In February Priscilla Brenner, Past Department Chaplain, 
was called aAvay, and, while I was not personally acquainted with 
her, the fact that she was a sister in F., C. and L., calls forth my 
heartfelt sympathy for those who are left to mourn the loss of a 
dear one. Words are inadequate to express the sorrow I feel for 
the relatives and friends they have left behind. For well we all 
know that the household to wdiich the angel of death has come 
never can forget his coming. The shadow which his wings cast 
over the soul must remain, however clearly the light from God's 
own love may shine. Time and hope of meeting again in the 
realms of bliss where there is no parting will, I trust, enable us 
to bear all sorrow with Christian fortitude. It is fitting that this 
Convention send a tribute of respect to the families of the de- 
parted sisters. 

REVIEW OF THE YEAR'S WORK. 

The work of the year lias been attended by many disappoint- 
ments and failures, and I find in summing up I have only a few 
ripened sheaves to bring you, trusting my successor may reap a 
more bounteous harvest from the seed sown this year. It was 
with the utmost reluctance that I assumed the responsibilities of 
Department President, realizing the cares and anxiety which 
surround one placed in a position where they are expected to 
please everyone. How well I have succeeded in this remains 
to be told. I have endeavored to stand strictly by rules and 
regulations, and aimed to shun all personalities. The year seems 
to have been one of almost perfect peace and harmony, as very 
few questions have come to me that could not be answered in a 



56 FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

very few words, and I feel justly proud that not one cloud lias 
arisen to darken the sun of perfect harmony between President 
and Corps. My first official act after returning home was to 
install Mrs. Jessie Bradley as Department Secretary. Circum- 
stances prevented her from taking any part in the work assigned 
to her, as she was soon called to another part of the State, and 
later to J^ew York. In tlie month of July she tendered her resig- 
nation, and on August 20, I installed Mrs. Belle D. Lanning 
into office. I felt very much gratified with my choice, as 1 found 
Mrs. Lanning possessed of a wide experience in secretary work, 
with the good of our beloved Order very much at heart, and 
anxious to do all that was required of her; but in November, just 
as I was beginning to realize what a treasure I had found, she 
was called to Ogden, Utah, her former home, to attend her only 
sister, who was very ill, expecting to return in a few weeks. In 
this she was disappointed, as, after remaining there for a time, 
business changes took place which required her husband's pres- 
ence, and I Avas again left without a secretary. On March 27 I 
installed Miss Lizzie Boland as secretary, and immediately jilaced 
a guard over her to see that she did not leave the State. This 
accounts for her presence here today. 

In the work of the different Corps throughout the State I am 
pleased to report a marked improvement. The reports for the 
quarter ending March 31, 1897, being the fii'st to reach me in 
time to forward to Xational Headquarters l)efore the time pre- 
scribed by the Xational President had expired. I would there- 
fore urge Corps Presidents to continue in the good way, and 
thereby merit the gratitude of Department Officers. I know 
from experience how easy it is to neglect these little things which 
go to make uj) the larg'^r ones. I liave been President of two 
Corps, and not until I became Department President did I realize 
how great was the responsibility resting on a Corps President. 
I sincerely hope, for the peace of mind of my successor, you who 
are responsible will do as well as you have in this last quarter of 
this Department year. 

I am also gratified to mark a growing interest in the work of 
our Order. The first three-quarters of this year showed a lack 
of interest everywhere, nearly every Corps losing instead of 
gaining members, but, judging from the March, 1807, rejwrt*, 
the weeding out of the uninterested members has produced a 
healthy growth in nearly all of the Corjis. Custer Corps of 
Sheridan and George B. McClellan Corps of Columbia Falls 



W. R. C, DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA. 57 

(our two youngest) have been laboring under many difficulties, 
being so shut out from all other Corps, makes it very difficult to 
keep up the proper interest to insure success. I have endeavored 
to encourage them by writing as often as my limited time would 
permit, and I think every member of this Department should do 
all in her power to encourage the weak Corps, remembering that 
our charter is in danger. 

In Xovember I received an invitation from George G. Meade 
Post of Anaconda to visit them in the interest of a Woman's Re- 
lief Corps. Accompanied by Mrs. Manchester and Mrs. Jolly, 
who were included in the invitation, I answered the call. We 
were very cordially received and entertained at the G. A. R. 
Hall, and the Comrades all seemed anxious to have a Corps or- 
ganized. AVe secured thirteen names, and the Post instructed 
me to order the supplies, and appointed Xovember 28 to or- 
ganize. I immediately notified the Department Treasurer to 
order by wire (if not in stock), which she did. A few days 
later I received a letter from the Adjutant of George G. ^leade 
Post saying some of the ladies had withdrawn their names, and 
to go no farther until notified. I waited for some time, then 
wrote to the wife of one of the prominent members of the Post, 
also to Colonel T. O'Learv, who seemed verv much in favor of 
the Cori:)s, asking if there was not some way by which we could 
secure the much-coveted corps. Receiving no reply from either, 
I was compelled to drop the subject. I now turned my attention 
to other Posts without an auxiliary. In sending out the journals 
of the Fourteenth Xational Convention, Comrade E. B. Stillings, 
the printer, wrote me that he would send me 2.5 extra copies, or 
would mail them to any address I desired. I thought by send- 
ing the report of the grand work being done throughout our 
land to these Posts they might see the benefit of having a Corps, 
and therebv advance our cause. I sent the address of each Post 
in Montana, and requested him to mail one to each, which he 
did. Up to the present time I have not received any word to en- 
courage me, but T am hoping that the "bread cast upon the 
waters will return after many days." 

As the time approached for the assembling of our State Legisla- 
ture, I was requested by Colonel P. R. Dolman (Chairman of the 
Soldiers' Home Board), to present to that honorable body a bill 
for an appropriation of money for the building of a home, to be 
called "The Woman's Annex to the Soldiers' Home," for the 
wives and widows of soldiers who are unable to care for them- 



58 FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

selves. I immediately opened correspondence with parties in 
Michigan, who had been active in procuring such a home in that 
State. I was furnished with a copy of the act passed by the 
Legislature establishing the Home, and other valuable informa- 
tion, which I turned over to the Hon. M. D. Leehey, a member 
of the Legislature from Butte, who kindly consented to do all 
in his power to secure the passage of this bill. In due time I 
received a copy of the bill to be presented. I ordered 100 
printed, which I sent out with a letter addressed to each Post and 
Corps in the State, asking their indorsement and help in securing 
the passage of the same. 

As Wadsworth Corps is composed of many competent ladies, 
I turned the matter over to them, feeling certain that nothing 
which could be done would be left undone. I have requested 
Mrs. Kirkendall to give us a report of their work, which we will 
liear later on. I will only say before I leave this subject, that 
its failure was to me the greatest disappointment of my adminis- 
tration. The furnishing of the Soldiers' Home with the little 
comforts which go so far in our own homes to make life pleasant, 
is another subject to which I have given much careful thought. 
You who have read the advertisements for bids for the furnish- 
ing of the Home, will remember that it is only the bare neces- 
sities that are to be furnished by the State, which leaves a very 
large field for the AV. R. C. to work in. 

In my first conversation with Colonel Dolman I was under the 
impression that we would have the privilege granted the AV. R. 
C. in some other States, that of furnishing a room entirely, to 
be used by those going from our \'icinity. With this object in 
\-iew I wrote to the President of George B. McClellan Corps of 
Columbia Falls, asking lier, if possible, to send me a plan of the 
building, which she did. I found that there were no single 
rooms to be used by the old soldiers. There are four dormito- 
ries, which are large enough, if I am rightly informed, to accom- 
modate 25 or 30 cots. As the State proteoses to furnish these 
rooms Avith the heavy furniture, it is left for us to furnish the 
poor old men who are compelled to go there with comfortable 
dressing gowns, warm slippers, a rug and screen for their bed: 
books and paj^ers to read, pictures and many other things I can- 
not take time to mention. Knowing how great the expense of 
transjxjrting these donations to Columbia Falls would be, I re- 
quested my husband to confer with the officials of the different 
railroads, with a view of securing free transportation. This he 



W. K. C, DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA. 59 

did, and the result Avas very gratifying, as the Great Northern 
was willing to carry all donations free, provided they were all 
shipped at one time. This I consider most generous in the rail- 
road company. In speaking of generosity, I wish to mention 
that of Mr. Daly of Anaconda, who has promised to duplicate 
any cottage built by the G. A. R. and W. li. C. for the use of the 
old wives and widows of veterans, and Lincoln Post and Corps 
propose to take him at his word in the near future. 

Ladies, I can see a broad field of labor looming up before us, 
and hereafter there will be no cause for complaint that there is 
no relief work for us to do. Let us put our shoulders to the 
wheel and work while the dav lasts, for too soon it will be too 
late to work for these brave defenders of our country. 

Much to my regret, I have not been able to visit but one Corps 
in this year. Had I been possessed of more of this world's goods 
I should have visited each Corps, but as I was denied the pleasure 
I have had to be content. Through the kindness of Mrs. Jolly, 
President of Lincoln Corps, I was enabled to visit Wadsworth 
Corps Xo. 1. We were cordially met at the depot and royally 
entertained at the home of Mrs. Kirkendall, where the regular 
meeting of Wa<lsworth Corps was held. I found them in a 
flourishing condition and perfectly alive in their work. I re- 
gretted very much my inability to stay lon^-er with them, but a 
press of duties at home compelled me to take the 6 o'clock train 
for Butte. However, the few hours I spent with Wadsworth 
Corps will always be remembered as one of the bright spots in 
my Department work. 

Touching upon finances, the President recommended that the 
per capita tax be raised to 15 cents. The Department Eelief 
Fund, the Andcrsonville Prison Relief Fund, General Orders 
and the Fourteenth Annual Convention were also treated in the 
address. In closing her address, the President said: 

To you, dear Corps workers, who have helped me to bear the 
burdens of oflftce, what can I say? I had felt many times during 
the year that I could lay aside my cares without one regret, yet 
as the time draws near, I feel that something is passing out of 
my everyday life which I shall miss. I have formed many 
pleasant acquaintances through my correspondence with the 
officers of the different Corps, and I had hoped to meet each one, 
take them by the hand, look into their faces and read there all 
that I had read between the lines in their letters, and as the 
mantle falls from my shonlders, it is my sincere prayer that it 



6U FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

may fall upon one who will be more worthy of wearing it, and 
that she may receive the same loyal support that I have received 
from all. I thank you, one and all, for the honor you conferred 
upon me in electing me to serve as your Department President, 
and if I can feel assured that in your estimation I have advanced 
the work of our Order, ever so little, I shall feel repaid. 

After the President's address. Past Department President 
Francis E. Moore read a very interesting report of her visit to 
the Xational Convention at St. Paul. At the afternoon ses- 
sion the recommendations in the President's address were acted 
upon by the convention as follows: 

First — That the i>er capita tax be raised to 15 cents per 
member. 

Second — That Corps pay 25 cents per member towards de- 
fraying Department President's expenses to the Xational Con- 
vention, the same to be sent to Department Treasurer, with June 
reports. 

Third — That the 2 cents per member for Kelief Fund be dis- 
continued for one year. 

These recommendations were acted upon separately and ap- 
proved, thus becoming the final decision of the Convention. 

The following is the report of the Committee on Courtesies: 

Whereas, The Grand Army of the Republic Encampment 
and the Woman's Relief Corps Convention here assembled have 
viewed with pleasure and appreciation the evident efforts of 
Anaconda's patriotic citizens to honor and entertain the mem- 
bers of these Orders, then be it 

Resolved, That we return grateful thanks to Mayor Thorn- 
ton, who so hospitably welcomed the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and to citizens of Anaconda, who have so beautifully 
decorated the streets, hotels and residences with the Xational 
Colors, and seem intent on extending a cordial greeting to all 
visitors, to George G. Meade Post for many courtesies shown, 
some of which are beautiful souvenir badges, hacks gratuitously 
furnished for driving about the city and comfortable convention 
hall- We also feel that thanks are due the ladies and gentlemen 
who took part in the Musical and Literary Programme rendered 
at the Opera House, on the night of April T, for the entertain- 
ment of the Grand Army and their auxiliary. The bright little 
girls deserve special mention for their enthusiastic manner and 
precision in the patriotic drill, which won them well-deserved 
applause and reflected credit upon the young ladies who trained 



W. K. C, DEl'ARTMKNT OF MONTANA. tJl 

tliem. We are sure that all iiieiubers of the Woman's Kelief 
Corps present will always remember with pleasure their delight- 
ful reception and entertainment at Anaconda during the Fourth 
Department Convention. 

Eespectfullv submitted in Fraternity, Charitv and Loyalty. 

ELLA M. EDSALL, 
SYLVIA GRAXTIER, 
MARY E. SIRES. 

The next order of business was the election of officers for the 
ensuing year, which resulted as follows: 

Department President . Ella M. Edsall 

Senior Vice-President Mary M. Ecklund 

Junior Vice-President Delia Charest 

Treasurer Mary A. Skillen 

Chaplain Sarah Henworth 

Executive Board — Marv E. Short, Emma Bailev, Marv E. 
Sires, Sylvia Grantier and Sue Clayton. 

APPOINTIVE OFFICERS. 

S, J. Tracy, Bozeman Department Secretary 

Amity s P. Manchester, Butte Department Counselor 

Sarah F. Blaisdell, Helena Department Inspector 

Hettie McCay, Philipsburg Department I. and I. Officer 

Delegate-at-Large to National Convention — Ruth Burton. 

Alternate — Sylvia Grantier. 

Delegate to National Convention — Hester Thayer. 

Alternate — Kittie O'Connor. 

It was annoimced that the next Convention would be held in 
Missoula. 

After installation of the officers-elect, bv Frances E. Moore, 
the Convention was closed in regular form by Ella M. Edsall, 
Department President. 

In behalf of the Department AV. R. C, we desire to thank the 
G. A. R. Encampment, Department of Montana, for gratui- 
tously printing the above synopsis of the proceedings of tfie 
Fourth Department Convention, hastily compiled by the De- 
partment Secretary. 






Q'-' 



H DEPARTMENT OFFICERS FOR 1897. | 

# Commander THADDEUS C. DAVIDSON % 

^■5 Auaconda. % 

% Senior Yiee-C^ommander GEORGE T. CHAMBERS f 

^ Livingston. |^ 

i Junior Vice-Commander W. H. H. DICKINSON i 

^-^ Missoula. 

I Medical Director LEVI E. HOLMES p 

I Butte. I 

I Chaplain GEORGE W. JENKINS % 

'f^ Stevensville. % 

I DEPARTMENT STAFF. I 

^^^ Assistant Adjutant General J. S. AVISNER ^> 

1^ ' Anaconda. ^ 

I Assistant Quartermaster General . . HENRY T. BEYAN % 

% Helena. % 

% Judge Advocate P. H. HUGHES | 

% Great Ealls. % 

% Inspector J. M. SLIGH | 

"4, Philipsburg. ^ 

I Chief Mustering Officer J. D. JENKS p 

Butte. % 






pi Council of Administration. 4i 

'' T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT. TToleiia. I 

J. A. BAKER, Butte. % 

% H. S. HOAVELL, Virginia Citv. % 

% J. O. GREGG, Great Falls. ' % 

% Y^ N. WRIGHT, Anaconda. % 









|> Representatives to National Encampment. 

I AY. A. HAVEN, Helena. F. GEO. HELDT, Great Falls. % 



% 

% ^ .. IT- . ^ T . ..^. Alternates. • ^ 

f, R. C. WALLACE, AY H. YEATON, % 

I Helena Livincrston. % 

I P 

P Aid-de-Camp and Chief of Staff to Department Commander. % 

i ROGER EDWARDS, Anaconda. % 



JOURNAL 



OF 



FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF HONTANA. 




Grand Army of tlie Republic 



HELD AT 



Missoula, riontana, Hay 5=7, 1898. 



1S98. 

Missoula PublUhingr Company, 
riissoula, .Montana. 



-^ 



JOURNAL 



OP 



FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



OF THE 



DEPARTMENT OF HONTANA. 




Grand Army of the Republic 



HELD AT 



Missoula, riontana, flay 5=7, 1898. 



1898. 

Missoula Publishing; Company, 
riissoula, Hontana. 



JOURNAL- 



OF THE 



FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA. 



Headquarters Department of Montana, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Missoula ,Mont., May 5, 1898. 
Pursuant to General Orders No. 8, the Annual Encampment, Depart- 
ment of Montana, Grand Army of the Kepublic, met in the Post Room 
of Fred Winthrop Post No. 11, at two o'clock p. m. 

Encampment was opened in due form by Junior Vice Commander, 
W. H. H. Dickinson, in the absence of Department Commander David- 
son; Department Chaplain Jenkins making the opening prayer. 

General Orders convening the Encampment were then read by the 
Assistant Adjutant General. 

Following the roll call of officers, the Acting Department Commander 
appointed the following committees: 

COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 
J. S. WISNER, 
JNO. L. SLOANE, 
S. H. ALMON. 



COMMITTEE ON ORDER OF BUSINESS. 
T. J. NEFF, 
H. S. HOWELL, 
E. K. GREGG. 



4 FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

Past Department Commander Sloane then delivered a very able Ad- 
dress of Welcome to the Encampment on behalf of Fred Winthrop Post 
and citizens of Missoula. 

E. A. Waterbury was appointed as assistant to the A. A. General 

Roll Call of Encampment. 

Committee on Credentials reported as follows: 

Missoula, Montana, May 5th, 1898. 
To the Fourteenth Encampment Department of Montana, G. A. R. 

Commander: — Your Committee on Credentials respectfully report 
that they have examined the list of those entitled to vote in this encamp- 
ment, as prepared by the Assistant Adjutant General, and recommend, 
that the same be adopted as the roll of this encampment. 

A few posts not having reported, are therefore not entitled to repre- 
sentation. 

Whole number entitled to vote as shown by reports is as follows: 

Department Officers 10 votes 

Council of Administration 5 " 

Past Department Commanders 11 " 

Post Commanders, Past Post Conmianders and Representa- 
tives lU " 



Total 170 



J5 



DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

Commander *Thaddeus C. Davidson 

S. V. Commander Geo. T. Chambers 

J. V. Commander *W. H. H. Dickinson 

Medical Director Dr. Ijevi E. Holmes 

Chaplain *Geo. W. Jenkins 

Assistant Adjutant General * J. S. AVisner 

Assistant Quartermaster General *Ed. S. Walker 

Judge Advocate P. H. Hughes 

Inspector *Dr. J. M. Sligh 

Chief Mustering Officer J. D. Jenks 

Council of Administration T. H. Kleinschmidt 

Council of Administration *H. S. Howell 

Council of Administration J. 0. Gregg 

Council of Administration *W. N". Wright 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

REPEESEN^TATIVES TO NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 
W. A. Haven, *F. Geo. Heldt. 



ALTERNATES TO NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 
R. C. Wallace, W. H. Yeaton. 



PAST DEPARTMENT COMMANDERS. 

Thos. P. Fuller, Jas. E. Callaway, 

*Jno. L. Sloane, Chas. S. Warren, 

Ed. F. Ferris, J. 0. Gregg, 

Junius G. Sanders, H. C. Kessler, 

*Peter R. Dolman, R. E. Fisk, 

*Le8ter S. Willson. 



LINCOLN POST NO. 2, BUTTE— 58 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

G. H. Henneberry, Thos. Septon, 

W. H. Black, J. W. Grant, 

W. W. Williams, Thos. Boyle, 

*S. H. Almon, Gilbert Engle. 

COMMANDER. 
*P. H. Manchester. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

*P. R. Dolman, • Levi E. Holmes, 

J. D. Jenks, Jno. Railey, 

C. S. Warren, J. H. Jackson, 

H. C. Kessler, Jas. E. Dowd, 

C. S. Shoemaker, Jno. B. Scott, 

W. P. Rodebank, B. N. Beebe, 

J. B. Glover. 



WADSWORTH POST NO. 3, HELENA— 116 MEMBERS. 
Representatives. Alternates. 

*C. B. Newbury, Wm. Potter, 



FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

*Chas. Horn, E. H. Kleinschmidt, 

J. A. Schmidt, *Jos. Maclrvin, 

Garrison Eedd, A. T. Newbury, 

D. L. Miles, C. F. Loomis, 
V. B. WTiitney, Jas. Crump, 
*Geo. H. Piatt, Jas. Dunn. 

COMMANDEE. 
*C. B. Miller. 

PAST COMMANDEES. 

Thos. P. Fuller, *Ed. S. Walker, 

E. C. Wallace, F. P. Sterling. 
J. G. Sanders, E. A. Craig, 
G. W. Shaw, C. F. Gage, 

H. F. C. Kleinschmidt, T. H. Kleinschmidt, 

E. E. Fisk, *J. B. Loomis, 

S. A. Swiggette. 

J. H. Mills, P. P. C. Thomas Post I^'o. 4. 
S. K. Fishel, P. P. C. Buford Post l^o. 1. 
L. Whitney, P. P. C. Logan Post No. 15. 



CUSTEE POST NO. 5, SHEEIDAN— NO EEPOET. 



FEANK BLAIE POST NO. 6, VIEGINIA CITY— 14 MEMBEES. 

Eepresentatives. Alternates. 

A. E. Gloyd, . None. 

*H. S. Howell. 

COMMANDEE. 
A. E. Gloyd. 

PAST COMMANDEES. 

Jas. E. Callaway, Jno. H. Davis, 

H. N. Blake, J. B. Howe, 

Stephen Ganain, Samuel Page, 

Eugene Starks, A. E. Gloyd, 

J. B. Carruthers, H. L. Childs, 

Thos. P. Cox, 0. D. Linsley. , 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

FAREAGUT POST NO. 7, LIVINGSTON— 24 MEMBERS. 
Representatives. Alternates. 

Abraham Dennis, John Gray, 

John Dodge, None. 

COMMANDER. 
George T. Chambers. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

F. W. Wright, Thos. J. Mains, 

Jno. Skillen, A. B. Hicks, 

George T. Chambers, Wm. H. Yeaton, 

N. Ebert, J. F. Lawrence. 



STEADMAN POST NO. 8, DILLON— 15 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

*Fred Hopp, Benjamin Bond, 

Thos. O'Connor, C. Darmtger. 

COMMANDER. 
*Fred Hopp. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

Thos. Loughbridge, Jos. Rich, 

Benj. Bond, *Fred Hopp, 

0. Klemm. 



WM. ENGLISH POST NO. 10, BOZEMAN— 30 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

Geo. W. Flanders, Jesse Lambert, 

W. H. Tracy, E. F. Campbell. 

COMMANDER. 
W. S. Matthews. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

Ed. F. Ferris, J. H. Nixon, 

J. M. Lindley, *L. S. Willson, 



8 FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

B. P. Osborne, T. M. Pierce, 

W. Y. Smith, Chas. H. Sprague, 

J. A. MacElroy, A. J. Edsall, 

Chas. E. Lancaster, Henry Hellinger. 



AVINTIIEOP POST NO. 11, MISSOULA— 18 MEMBEES. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

*Jno. Ferguson, L. Byard, 

J. W. Moore, A. MacDonald. 

COMMANDER. 
*W. H. Raymer. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

*J. L. Sloane, W. E. Bancroft, 

*Wm. Landers, *W. H. H. Dickinson, 

Andrew Moore, *L. W. Grantier, 

*C. W. Lombard, *Samnel Bellew. 



THOS. L. KANE POST, NO. 12, GLENDIVE— 12 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

Chas. N. Smith, J. W. Allen, 

Jas MacCormak. 

COMMANDER. 

Jas. S. Almy. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 
Jas. S. Almy. 



GEO. G. MEADE POST NO. 10, ANACONDA^Sl MEMBERS. 

Representatives. , Alternates. 

*D. Hefferon, T. O'Leary, 

Geo. Elston, H. C. Smith, 

Z. B. Wilson, W. S. Whiteley. 

COMMANDER. 
,Tno. Hallahan. 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

*T. C. Davidson, Eoger Edwards, 

*J. S. Wisner, *E])er Golder, 

*A. Short E. A. Waterhury. 



SHEEIDAN POST NO. 18, GREAT FALLS— 41 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

Dor. R. Hodges, Sterling MacDonald, 

John T. Eaton, Ira Ingraham. 

Wm. Ruskie, 
0. G. Cooper. 

COMMANDER. 
E. M. Mitchell. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

*F. Geo. Heldt, P. H. Hughes, 

J. 0. Gregg, Jno. A. Clark, 

Frank Coomhs, Wm. H. Safford. 

Jno. Mohs. 



JAS. A. SHIELDS POST NO. 19, LEWISTOWN— NO REPORT. 



G. K. WARREN POST NO. 20, FORT BENTON— NO REPORT. 



JOHN C. FREMONT POST NO. 21, HAMILTON— 10 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. . Alternates. 

H. H. Page, N. Johnson, 

M. M. Loekwood. 

COMMANDER. 
Thomas Adair. 

PAST COMMANDER. 
Fred Hoffman. 



lO FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

BURNSIDE POST NO. 22, PHILIPSBURG— 19 MEMBEES. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

*A. L. Gillis, Lawrence Spence, 

*Jas. Lee, Samuel Sprague. 

COMMANDER. 
*Elija Powell. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 
*J. K. Pardee, *W. T. Allison, 

Morris Sharp, *P. J. Neff, 

*L. C. Dagenhart. 



NAT LYONS POST NO. 23, KALISPETi— 24 MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

*W. P. Emerson, A. L. Sherer, 

*E. K. Oregg, L. C. Hayne. 

COMMANDER. 
J. D. Eaton. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 

D. J. Plome, W. J. Sparks, 

R. C. Palmer, *H. J. Ayres, 

R. A. Rollins. 



GEO. B. MacCLELLAN POST NO. 24, COLUMBIA FALLS— 32 

MEMBERS. 

Representatives. Alternates. 

*N. H. Morley, R. F. Tate, 

C. E. Burgoyne, *D. A. Snyder, 

*Thomas Clayton, J. R. Hillman. 

COMMANDER. 
Thomas Carrol. 

PAST COMMANDERS. 
H. H. Garr, H. A. Miller, 

N. H. Morley, P. P. C. Meade Post No. 16 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. II 

MOODY POST NO. 25, ENNIS— 10 MEMBEES. 

Eepresentatives. Alternates. 

H. Kruger, John Woodworth, 

Ira Livemore, John Lafever. 

COMMANDER. 
G. W. Bums. 

PAST COMMANDEES. 
A. N". Bull, John Ormiston. 



In conclusion we recommend that Eepresentatives from Posts other 
than the Post where the Encampment is held, be entitled to cast the 
votes of the absent Eepresentatives, as the majority of them may direct. 
Eespectfully submitted in F. C. and L. 

J. S. WISNEE, 
JNO. L. SLOANE. 

Eoll Call of Eepresentatives. Eeport adopted as read. 
Note — Those marked with (*) were present. 

Dr. Craig, president of the University of Montana, was introduced 
to Encampment by Past Dept. Commander Sloane. Dr. Craig addressed 
the members in his usual eloquent manner, tendering a cordial invita- 
tion to visit the institution, which invitation was gladly accepted. 

Eeport of Committee on Order of Business was then read and adopted 
as follows: 

Your Committee on Order of Business of the 14th Annual Encamp- 
ment, Department of Montana, Grand Army of the Eepublic, respect- 
fully recommend that the order of business adopted by the 13th Encamp- 
ment be made the order for this encampment as found on page 11 of the 
printed Journal of the 13th encampment. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

T. J. NEFF, 
H. S. HOWELL, 
E. K. GEEGG. 

Eeading of letter from Dept. Commander Davidson, explaining ab- 
sence from opening of encampment. Eeception of an invitation from 
the Camera Club of Missoula to attend an exhibition of views. Invi- 



12 FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

tation accepted, and a most enjoyable evening passed, rounded out by 
a most acceptable little lunch at the Rankin House. 

The Department Commanders address was then read and referred to 
a committee consisting of F. Geo. Heldt, C. W. Lombard and C. B. New- 
bury. 



DEPARTMENT COl^rMANDER'S ADDRESS. 

Comrades of the Grand Army: 

The fast revolving wheels of time have scored another year, an- 
other mile stone has been passed, and I congratulate you for the Depart- 
ment of Montana is fortunate indeed in pitching its tents in this beau- 
tiful City of Missoula, situate as it is in one of the loveliest valleys in 
this great commonwealth of ours. No city is more gorgeously decked 
with nature's choicest flowers. The balmy breezes of none are more 
heavily perfumed, and a right royal welcome is heartily tendered to us 
by the citizens of this flourishing City. Every possible effort has been 
put forth to make our stay pleasant, and I feel our lines have been cast 
in pleasant places. 

The National Encampment held at Buffalo was a grand success and 
thoroughly enjoyed, although there were some disappointments came 
to the Commander, caused bv circumstances over which he had no con- 
trol. It was the intention to have a headquarter's train to start out, 
either from Butte or Helena, and all the comrades from this department 
travel together. This would have added to the pleasure of the trip, but 
later I found out the Western Association had decided to give us no 
special rate. Then it was agreed to make a go-as-you-please of it, each 
one selecting his own route and get there if he could, and I am proud of 
the get there qualities of the Montana boys, and I might add Montana 
ladies, for some of them were there. When the Commander and his 
better half landed in Buffalo they found most of the Montana delegation 
waiting for them, and later others came. All told the department was 
represented by twelve strong men and three loyal women, patriotic 
people, undaunted by long distances and great expense, but determined 
that the State should lie heard from in the far East. I would not for- 
get to mention that grand auxiliary to the G- A. R., the Women^s Relief 
Corps. It was ably represented by its Department President. I was 
proud of the showing the Department made, and I take this opportunity 
of thanking the delegates again and again. As our banner hove in 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. I3 

sight the cheers went up on either side for Montana, and I desire to say 
to the comrades that he who is fortunate enough to attend one of these 
National Encampments will never regret or forget it. The greetings 
are so joyous, the hand shake so cordial, the touch of the elbow so in- 
spiring, the atmosphere laden with patriotism to such an extent that 
he will receive a fresh baptism of loyalty, and he will consecrate him- 
self anew to the grand old order and afresh to the nation. 

The year's work is now ended, and with its close a rendering of my 
stewardship is due the department. The year has been fraught with 
many pleasures, some regrets, and some sorrows. Among the pleasures 
may be mentioned the meeting of so many comrades in different parts 
of the State, and the warm cordial greeting on all sides. I was per- 
mitted to visit the comrades at Kalispell, where I was most royally en- 
tertained. Here I urged the comrades, as I did in every other place, to 
bring their post up to the highest possible plane, by electing the best 
representative men they had to office. And again I met the boys at 
Columbia Falls. The meeting was a Joyous one, and the fraternal feel- 
ing that binds us together was welded a little closer, I bade them God 
speed and went on my way. When Great Falls was reached here again 
was a meeting long to be remembered, the day was pleasantly spent and I 
was entertained to the "Queen's taste." I gave the boys the best advice 
1 could, and urged them to hold the banner of the Grand Army high. 
When Helena was reached there came a shadow o'er the scene, for Wads- 
worth Post was preparing to lay one of its members away to rest. The 
spirit had crossed over the river. I followed the remains with bowed 
head far away, and then was compelled to turn my steps homeward 
with a heavy heart. By special invitation I was permitted to attend a 
social given by the ladies of the Belief Corps of Butte. Here I met not 
only the ladies of the Corps but most of the members of Lincoln Post. 
The evening was most pleasantly spent. 

OUR DUTY. 

I am impressed with the conviction that our organization should be 
in all the vicissitudes of our Government, the supporter of law and 
order. One of the cardinal principles of tlic G. A. R. is loyalty. Every 
member of it, and every veteran, should deem himself the especial advo- 
cate of loyalty in the broadest sense of the word. Every utterance of our 
members should be outspoken in his support of our Government. Let 
no army button be found in the ranks of the rioter or law breaker. 



14 FOURTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 

When our members speak let their voice be heard for law and order. 
Ijet them go on the future as they have in the past, with the stars and 
stripes at the head of the column. The veterans of the war have been 
the blazers of the trail, the pioneers in the history of our State have 
contributed to the development of its wonderful resources more than any 
other people, let them keep to the front. 

Comrades there will a sadness gather over this Encampment as we 
listen to the Quartermaster's and Chaplain's reports, for they will show 
how the reaper "death" has thinned our ranks and must impress upon 
our minds the fact that we are on the Western slope, and the sjmn of 
life that has been given to us must soon run out. Some that were with 
us last year and gave us the fraternal greeting have been mustered out 
and pitched their tents on fames eternal camping ground. Those com- 
rades that are gone represented the grandest type of manhood, the 
noblest specimen of citizenship. This grim monster death has not been 
satisfied with the rank and file of the Grand Army, but has made in- 
roads on the Commander's staff. The first to go was Comrade J. A. 
Baker, a member of the Council of Administration. This was a most 
sudden and sad death and could not be accounted for. He was one ol 
our most active members at the last Encampment, and electrified the 
comrades by his eloquence and enthusiasm. Kext we were stunned by 
the news that H. T. Bevan, Assistant Quartermaster General, had been 
mustered out. Like Comrade Baker, he was with us a year ago, full of 
life and hope. This is sad, but we are not without hope. "They are 
not dead but sleepeth." They are transferred and promoted to be cap- 
tains and colonels in that Grand Army above, where he who guides the 
destinies of nations will be Commander in Chief. These comrades have 
left behind them a legacy of patriotism to be handed down to coming 
generations. Object lessons such as they gave will live on and on 
through unborn generations. 

THE SOLDIEE'S HOME. 

This is a subject very near the Commander's heart. He was permit- 
ted to help stake out the ground and let the contract for the building. 
I think the department will excuse me if I say I am proud of the Home 
and the way it has been managed. The Board has been handicapped 
for the want of money from start to finish, yet obstacle after obstacle 
has been overcome, until last December when the Board visited the 
Home, hoping the last obstacle had been surmounted in the installment 



DEPARTMENT OF MONTANA, G. A. R. 1 5 

of a complete heating plant that would make the boys comfortable dur- 
ing the long winter months. But another difficulty confronted us, the 
limit of the equipment had almost been reached and there was danger 
of an overflow before spring. The last available dollar was gone. 
There was but one thing to do. The Commander sent out a circular 
letter to all the Posts, setting forth the facts. This was done after some 
hesitation and many regrets, that it was necessary to do it, for no one 
knew better than he that most of the posts were financially cramped, 
but his heart was made glad by the responses that came both prompt 
and generous. The amount raised was over three hundred and fifty 
dollars. A thousand thanks to the loyal men, and may God^s choicest 
blessings rest on that noble band of women, whose hearts are big with 
patriotism and whose hands are ever willing to work that the declining 
years of the old veteran may be happy. 



OUR FINANCES. 

Our financial condition is sound and prosperous. We have confined 
our expenses within our income, and I congratulate you on the assurance 
that our debts are all paid, and we have a small amount in the treasury. 
I attribute this fortunate condition of our finances to the earnest efforts 
of all members of the administration, and especially to the financial 
ability of