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Full text of "The journal of Captain William Pote, Jr., during his captivity in the French and Indian War from May, 1745, to August, 1747"

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The De Vinne Press certifies that this copy of the 
Journal of Captain William Pote, Jr., is one of an 
edition of three hundred and fifty copies on Hol- 
land hand-made paper and twenty-five copies on 
Japan paper, the printing of which was completed 
in the month of February, 1896. 



No. 



THE JOURNAL OF 
CAPTAIN WILLIAM POTE, JR. 



THE 

JOURNAL 

OF Captain 

William Pote, Jr. 

DURING HIS 

CAPTIVITY 

IN THE 

French and Indian War 

FROM May^ 1745' "^^ August^ ^1\1 



U^ElV-YOTiK 
Published by DODD, MEAD & COMPANY 

MDCCCXCVI 



Copyright, 1895, by 
DoDD, Mead & Company. 



THE DEVINNE PRE88. 






(f 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Account of the Pote Journal ...... xi 

Historical Introduction ...... xxi 

The Journal of Captain William Pote, Jr. . . . i 

A List of Prisoners Names died while ! was in Quebec 165 

APPENDIX. 

I. The Pote Family • 169 

II. John Henry Bastide . . . . . -173 

III. Captain David Donahew ..... 174 

IV. Colonel John Gorman . . . . • I75 

V. John Paul Mascarene 17^ 

INDEX 179 






ILLUSTRATIONS 

PAGE 

BELLIN'S PLAN OF ANNAPOLIS ROYAL. From Charle- 
voix's " Nouvelle France " . . . FRONTISPIECE 

ITINERARY. Showing the route over which Pote was 

CARRIED to Quebec xi 

PORTRAIT OF SIR WILLIAM PEPPERRELL. From the 

Original Painted BY John Smybert in 1751 . . . xxx 

ANNAPOLIS ROYAL. From Des Barres's "Atlantic Nep- 
tune "......... I 

A PLAN OF THE CITY AND FORTIFICATIONS OF 

LOUISBURG. After Gridley 72 

PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR WILLIAM SHIRLEY. From 

Drake's "French and Indian War" . . . 150 

VIEW OF QUEBEC. From Popple's Map . . . 154 

FACSIMILE PAGES OF THE ORIGINAL POTE JOURNAL 164 

BASTIDE'S PAY-BILL TO POTE. From the Original 

Manuscript . . . . . . . .166 

CHARLES MORRIS'S MAP OF THE NORTHERN ENGLISH 
COLONIES AND FRENCH NEIGHBORING SETTLE- 
MENTS, 1749. From the Manuscript Draft in the 
Lenox Library ........ 



«^ 




ROUTE OVER WHICH CAPTAIN POTE WAS CARRIED TO QUEBEC. 



ACCOUNT OF THE POTE JOURNAL 
■ By John Fletcher Hurst. 

While in Geneva, Switzerland, in August, 1890, 
I acquired a manuscript volume which, at first sight, 
seemed of uncertain value. That it was complete, 
contained the names of the author and of the first 
owner after the author, with the proper date, gave 
a fair basis for satisfactory study. I began an ex- 
amination of the book, and soon found it to be 
the interesting and valuable manuscript journal of a 
keen-eyed prisoner from Maine, in the Five Years' 
French and Indian War (1744-48). This journal 
was written and signed by Captain William Pote, Jr., 
of that part of Falmouth, Maine, now known as 
Woodford's. 

Being satisfied as to the general character of the 
manuscript, I waited until my return to the United 
States for further examination and for the judgment 
of experts in Americana. Messrs. George H. Moore, 
Wilberforce Fames, and Charles L. Woodward, of 



The Tote Journal 

New York, and others whose opinion of colonial 
Americana had long been recognized, read the 
Journal, and confirmed my early surmise of its ex- 
treme importance. Afterwards I concluded to 
publish it, that others might share the benefit of this 
sole source of many important facts concerning the 
brave band of Americans who had been captured 
by the French and Indians in that war which first 
gave confidence to the English colonists, and made 
possible the deliverance of Canada from French 
domination. 

Captain William Pote, Jr., was master of the 
schooner Montague, engaged for the time in carrying 
artificers and supplies for the repair and defense of 
the Fort of Annapolis Royal, an important English 
stronghold in the Five Years' French and Indian War. 
He was captured, with his vessel, by the French and 
Indians, on May 17, 174s, in Annapolis Basin, be- 
tween Goat Island and Scotch Fort on the shore, about 
five miles from Annapolis Royal. He was skillful 
in both surveys and seamanship, and his capture was 
a serious loss to the English cause in Canada. He 
was taken by a circuitous route to Qiiebec, was 
there kept in prison two years, released July 30, 
1747, and conveyed by vessel under a flag of truce 
to Cape Breton. On August 14, 1747, he arrived 
at Louisburg. 



The Tote Journal 

At the time when Pote was released in Quebec 
from his long captivity, his Journal escaped confisca- 
tion by being concealed on the person of one of the 
female prisoners, who, after the release, handed it 
back to the author. On one of the fly-leaves is the 
autograph of the chief-engineer of Nova Scotia, John 
Henry Bastide, in whose employ Pote was when 
captured, and to whom he reported on his arrival at 
Louisburg, after his release at Quebec. At the end 
of the Journal is the author's name, in his own hand- 
writing — William Pote, Jr. 

The only other narratives ever published of this 
captivity by prisoners were kept by two of Pete's fel- 
low-captives — Rev. John Norton and Mr. Nehemiah 
How. These accounts were printed shortly after- 
ward, and have appeared in later editions. They 
were mere tracts, however, of forty and twenty-two 
pages respectively. Norton and How were not cap- 
tured with Pote, but became his fellow-prisoners 
only at Quebec. Their meager narratives, therefore, 
run parallel with Pote's full account only in so far 
as their common residence in Quebec is concerned. 
For all the preceding part of the captivity we are 
dependent entirely on Pote's Journal. The Pote 
Journal is a manuscript volume of 234 closely written 
pages, and 6^x4^ inches in size. It is written 
on firm paper, the ink being so good as to present 



The Tote Journal 

clearly the entire original manuscript. The Journal 
was recorded in a blank-book, the binding of which 
has been singularly well preserved. 

While some accounts of the war make mention of 
Pole as a participant, and finally a captive, it is now 
first known, through the discovery of his complete 
Journal, that he kept a minute record of his experi- 
ences, and of the important events of the war. It 
supplies many missing links, and reconciles contra- 
dictions which had hitherto defied the student of 
American Colonial History. In addition, it throws 
full light on entire departments of that important 
struggle between the French and the English for the 
possession, not of Canada alone, but of North Amer- 
ica in general. It records incursions related to Pote 
by the captives themselves ; gives memoranda of 
marriages, illnesses, deaths, and many other minute 
facts relating to the captives ; and contains the best 
and fullest account of Donahew's exploit in Tatme- 
gouche Bay. There is a strong genealogical element 
pervading the whole narrative. Indeed, the latter 
part of the Journal is occupied with a list of the per- 
sons who died during the two years of the captivity. 
This hitherto unknown treasury of genealogy is of 
absorbing interest and value to New England fam- 
ilies, so many of which were represented in this 
large band of captives. 



The Tote Journal 

The Journal itself proves Pote to have been very 
observant, thoroughly loyal to the English cause, 
and educated far beyond the average shipmaster of 
his time. He was above all a surveyor, and a record 
of several of his surveys is still in existence. This 
accounts for his close observation, general intelligence, 
and accurate comprehension of distance, and gives 
greatly increased value to his Journal. His use of 
geographical names is not uniform, his orthography 
varies through many grades of inaccuracy, while he 
habitually defies all the canons of punctuation. I 
have thought it best to preserve his text exactly as he 
left it, as a faithful picture of the literary humors and 
charming infirmities of the heroic men who saved 
North America to Anglo-Saxon civilization. Pote's 
quiet humor is seen throughout his entire Journal, 
and, while it adds a vivid freshness to the account, it 
does not in the least sacrifice the truth. 

1 have been unable to discover the complete his- 
tory of the Journal during the century and a half of its 
total oblivion. All that 1 could learn from the book- 
seller, at the time of its purchase, was, that it was 
last in the possession of an English family by the 
name of Carteret, living in Geneva, and that when 
this family was broken up by death, about twelve 
years ago, the manuscript was one of the books 
which were scattered at the time, and, with them, 

XV 



The Tote Jounial 

became the property of the owner from whom I 
acquired it. My conjecture is, that it originally came 
into the possession of John Henry Bastide, by Pote's 
own gift to his superior officer, that it remained 
with the Bastide family, in England, after the treaty 
of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), which put an end to the 
Five Years' French and Indian War, that it constantly 
remained in possession of that family until, in recent 
years, some member of the family removed to Ge- 
neva and became a part of the English colony there, 
and that the Pote Journal thus continued to be an un- 
observed treasure in the domestic library. 

Among the illustrations 1 have thought it best to 
provide a facsimile of two pages of the original 
manuscript, portraits of Governor William Shirley 
and Sir William Pepperrell, old views of Quebec 
and Annapolis Royal, contemporary plans of Louis- 
burg and Annapolis Basin, a facsimile of an original 
pay-bill from Bastide to Pote, and, more particularly, 
a reproduction of the excellent Morris map, done by 
pen, now in the Lenox Library, and, so far as 
known, now for the first time published. A separate 
map will give the line of march of the band of 
prisoners composing the Pote party, from their cap- 
ture until they reached Quebec. 

That nothing might be wanting to the proper re- 



XVI 



The Tote Journal 

production of the Pote Journal, I have secured the best 
assistance within reach. Mr. Victor H. Paltsits, of 
the Lenox Library, has brought to this undertaking 
the rare benefit of his taste as an Americanist and 
skill as a genealogist. He has prepared the Historical 
Introduction, the annotations, all of the Appendix 
except "The Pote Family," and the Index. Mrs. 
Underbill A. Budd, of New-York, through the kind 
offices of the Rev. Cornelius B. Smith, D.D., of New 
York, has permitted her excellent portrait of Sir 
William Pepperrell, painted by Smibert, to be photo- 
graphed. Mrs. Budd is the great-great-great-grand- 
daughter of Sir William, the hero of the siege of Louis- 
burg. The officers of the Lenox Library have allowed 
me to publish the Morris map, to reproduce some 
rare views and plans, and to use important MSS. 
in the Chalmers Papers. Mr. Wilberforce Eames, the 
librarian, has given the benefit of his advice and ex- 
perience in matters relating to the mechanical repro- 
duction of the Pote journal, and has granted the loan 
of books of his own collection, which have been of 
great help in preparing the notes. The Messrs. 
Kelby, librarians of the New York Historical Society, 
have placed at disposal some important books on our 
Colonial history. The Hon. J. Phinney Baxter and 
Mr. L. B. Chapman, of Portland, Maine, have aided 



The Tote Journal 

in securing facts relating to the local history and 
genealogy of the Pote family. 

To all these persons 1 desire to express sincere 
thanks for their kind cooperation in giving the Pote 
Journal a setting worthy of its high place in American 
Colonial literature. 

The 1 50th anniversary of the surrender of the 
famous fortress of Louisburg has recently been cele- 
brated, — namely, on June 17, 1895. The ceremonies 
took place at Louisburg, under the management of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, assisted by represen- 
tatives of other historical organizations. On this 
occasion a monument, erected on the site of the 
King's Bastion, one of the ruined redoubts, was 
unveiled. The Hon. Everett Pepperrell Wheeler, a 
lineal descendant of Sir William Pepperrell, deliv- 
ered the address, in which he said: "This memo- 
rial points upward to the stars, and away from the 
petty jealousies that mar the earth. It will tell, we 
trust, to many generations, the story of the courage, 
heroic fortitude, and manly energy of those who 
fought behind the ramparts as well as of those who 
fought behind the trenches." 

It must be regarded a remarkable coincidence that 
this celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 



xvin 



The Tote Journal 

versary of the surrender of Louisburg to the brave 
American colonists should occur at almost the same 
time with the first public announcement of the ex- 
istence of such an illustrative contemporary record as 
the Pote Journal, and of its publication in full, pro- 
vided, as the endeavor has been, with all needful 
historical helps. 

Washington, September 7, 1895. 



\ 



HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION 

The struggles between France and Great Britain 
for territorial supremacy in America kept the Colonies 
in a state of ferment from 1689 to the Treaty of 
Paris in 1763. The Canadians, by intermarriage 
with the Indians and by the influence of their clergy, 
easily won the confidence and cooperation of the 
savages when war was proclaimed. 

At the Treaty of Peace concluded at Utrecht, April 
II, 1 7 13, France ceded to Great Britain all of Nova 
Scotia, or Acadie, according to its ancient limits. 
But the determining of what constituted these ''an- 
cient " limits at once became a bone of contention, 
and remained such for nearly half a century.^ 

It was even contended by some French memori- 
alists,'- that England had no rightful titles to North 
America, except such as might be granted her by 
France. They claimed for their king all North 
America, except the Spanish colonies of Mexico and 
Florida. 



1 For the English constructions, see N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. v. 
pp. 592, 624. 

2 The documents are printed in extenso in Parkman, Half Cen- 
tury of Conflict, vol. ii. Appendix A. 

xxi 



The Tote Journal 

Soon after Nova Scotia was ceded to Great Britain, 
it was garrisoned with nine companies* of General 
Richard Phillips' regiment, of thirty-one privates each. 
Five were stationed at Annapolis, and four at Canso, 
for the defense of the fishery. But these two bodies 
were so disadvantageously located, that they could 
not support each other, or, for want of a vessel to 
carry dispatches, communicate their distresses. 

As late as 1721, besides the garrison only two or 
three English families had settled in the province, 
while the Acadian population numbered about 2^00} 
After the Treaty of Utrecht the greater part of the 
Acadians continued in the province, but long refused 
to take the oath of allegiance. They were treated 
leniently, were permitted to retain their religion 
and their priests, and were exempted from duty in 
case of war. It was stipulated that they should 
observe a strict neutrality. They were, however, 
constantly, and often justly, suspected of aiding the 
French in their machinations against the English. 

For thirty years a nominal peace reigned. The 
mother countries were not anxious to conduct a 
costly warfare, simply for the sake of their colonies. 
Spain and Great Britain had been engaged in hostili- 
ties since 1739. It was apparent that a general war 
could not much longer be averted. The claims of the 



1 Memoirs of the Prin. Trans, of the Last IVar, 3d ed., Bost., 
1758, p. 17; CoU. of Nova Scotia Hist. Soc, vol. i. p. 108. 

'^Coll. of Nova Scotia Hist. Soc, vol. i. p. 107; N. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. V. p. 592. 

xxii 



The Tote Journal 

Pretender, vigorously seconded by France ; the War 
of the Austrian Succession ; and the belligerent pro- 
clivities of France, contributed toward an open rup- 
ture betv^een France and Great Britain. War was 
formally declared by France on March 15 (n. s.), 
1744, and by Great Britain on March 29 (o. s.), 1744- 
The principal objects of the war in North America 
were Nova Scotia, the Island of Cape Breton, and 
Northern New England. 

On May 12 a ship from Glasgow came into Boston 
with the news of the declaration of war,^ while the 
French garrison at Louisburg was apprised of it at 
least a month earlier. M. Duquesnel, governor of 
Cape Breton, within three days after the news of the 
declaration had arrived from France, fitted out an ar- 
mament under M. Duvivier against Canso, about 
twenty leagues distant. Duvivier entered the harbor 
of Canso on the night of May 13, " surprised the fort, 
burnt it with the other buildings there, destroyed the 
fishery, and carried the garrison, which consisted of 
about eighty private men fit for duty, to Louisburg.'"'^ 
By the terms of capitulation, they were to remain 
prisoners of war for one year, from May 24 (n. s.), 
1744, and at its expiration to be sent to either Anna- 
polis or New England. 

Annapolis Royal was now the only English fortifi- 
cation in the province. The governor of Cape Bre- 

^ Pa. Gaiette, No. 806, May 24, 1744. 

2 Mem. of the Last War, p. 20. See also Rolt, Impartial Repre- 
sentation, vol. iii. pp. 441, 442. 

xxiii 



The Tote Journal 

ton immediately made preparations to capture it, 
knowing that its reduction meant, for the French, the 
acquisition of all Nova Scotia. This fort had been 
neglected for many years, and was in so ruinous a 
state that the cattle grazed upon the ramparts. Du- 
vivier, a lineal descendant of the La Tours, claimants 
of Nova Scotia, was intrusted with the execution of 
its reduction. But before his arrival Louis Joseph 
de Le Loutre, missionary of the Micmacs, with 300 
or 400 Indians, attacked the fort by surprise, in June, 
1744. They were materially assisted by the Acadi- 
ans, who supplied them with provisions, messengers, 
and fire-arrows. But little damage was done besides 
killing two men, " in the gardens within a few yards 
of the fort gate." ^ After the withdrawal of Le Loutre, 
the inhabitants sparingly brought in fresh provisions 
at advanced prices, and several laborers were set at 
work to repair the fort. 

In August, 1744, Duvivier, with a body of 600 or 
700 men, consisting of regular troops and the In- 
dians under Le Loutre, appeared before Annapolis, 
" within cannon shot of the fort." He was supplied 
with " several hundred scaling ladders " for a general 
assault, and promised the hidians 400 livres each if 
they would mount them. But the offer was refused.^ 



1 Representation of the State of his Majesty s Province of Nova 
Scotia and Fort and Garrison of Annapolis Royal: Drawn up by 
a Committee of Council and approved in Council, 8th Novem- 
ber, i']4^. Transcript in Chalmers Papers, in Lenox Library. 

'^Representation, as before; Rolt, voL iii, p. 444. 



The Tote Journal 

Duvivier continued before the fort for several weeks, 
attacking it in a desultory way, hoping thereby to 
prolong the time. He had been promised a rein- 
forcement of Canadians, and the cooperation of 
two armed ships, the Ardent and the Caribou? 
To Governor Mascarene he proposed a capitulation, 
which was refused. In the meantime a reinforce- 
ment of Indian rangers, sent from Boston, arrived at 
the fort. The expected ships from Louisburg not 
appearing, Duvivier withdrew to Minas, and thence 
to Louisburg. 

This expedition alarmed the English colonists and 
arrested the attention of the mother country. Steps 
were at once taken to put Annapolis Royal in a better 
condition. Carpenters, masons, and other artificers, 
junk and cordage, spikes, staples and other ironware, 
were shipped from Boston. In November, 1744, 
13,000 bricks, being part of an order of 50,000, were 
shipped from Boston by Andrew Hall, and these 
repairs were under the immediate supervision of 
John Henry Bastide, the chief engineer of Nova 
Scotia.^ 

Nothing else of importance occurred during the 
year 1 744. But the English were sure that the French 
would make another attempt against Annapolis so 
soon as the season would permit. They judged 
correctly, for as early as January 19 (n. s.), 1745, 
a detachment was equipped in Canada, under Lieu- 



IM Y. Col. Docs., vol. ix. p. 1107. 
^Manuscript Bills and Accounts. 



The Tote Journal 

tenant Marin, which set out on the 26th for Beau- 
bassin, where they wintered.^ 

The garrison of Annapolis, strengthened by several 
reinforcements from Boston, now numbered 300 men. 2 
Governor Mascarene had no certain intelligence of 
the presence of the enemy in the province until the 
first of May,^ when by chance he discovered that 
some of the Acadians, " who lived within a mile of 
the fort, held a correspondence" with the Canadians.'* 
Marin, with a body of 300 Canadians and 300 Indians, 
besides officers and others, aggregating about 700, 
appeared before the fort on May 4. They surprised 
seven rangers who were out on a scout, captured 
the wife of one of the carpenters of the garrison, and, 
on May 17, boarded and took two schooners, the 
Montague and the Seaflower, in Annapolis Basin, 
between Goat Island and Scotch Fort. 

The Montague and the Seaflower were two 
schooners in the employ of the Board of Ordnance, 
and were about to deliver stores at Fort Annapolis 
Royal when Marin surprised them. William Pote, 
Jr., master of the Montague, with his mate and 
four others, and James Sutherland, master of the 
Seafloiver, with his three men, were all captured. 
The schooners were stripped of their contents. 



^CoU. de MSS. relatifs a la Nouvelle France, vol. iii. p. 217. 
2M Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 9. 

3 When not otherwise indicated, we follow the old style of 
reckoning used by the English. 
^Representation, Nov. 8, IJ45. 
xxvi 



The Tote Journal 

and the spoil was afterwards sold or divided. 
Pote kept a full record of the details of this mishap,^ 
and through his capture and long incarceration at 
Quebec the British lost a faithful and efficient 
mariner. 

Marin remained near the fort about three weeks, 
and, being unable to make any impression upon it, 
set out with his army, on May 23, and marched to 
Minas. About this time, on May i 5 (n. s.), Ducham- 
bon, the new governor of Cape Breton, dispatched 
messengers to Marin, requesting him to come imme- 
diately to Louisburg, and to bring with him his Cana- 
dian detachment and as many Indians as might be 
willing." Marin endeavored to comply with the 
governor's orders. He disposed of the plunder he had 
taken from the two schooners, and was well on his 
way, when he was met by Captain David Donahew 
in Tatmegouche Harbor.^^ This exploit of Captain 
Donahew contributed very materially toward the 
capture of Louisburg. For had Marin arrived during 
the siege, he would have harassed the New England 
troops not a little, and Duchambon distinctly stated 
that Marin's failure to appear proved disastrous to 
him at a time when succor would have meant 
victory. 

The New England colonies, Massachusetts in par- 



iThis is the Pote Journal, which constitutes the body of this 
work, and in which find fuller details. 

"^CoU. de MSS. rel. a la Noiiv. France, vol. iii. p. 218. 
3 See the Journal, and note appended. 
xxvii 



The Tote Journal 

ticular, began to feel the destructive power of the 
French, who in a short time had ruined the fishery, 
destroyed Canso, thrice besieged AnnapoHs, and 
made havoc of trade and shipping. The colonists 
were well aware of the strategic importance of Cape 
Breton. France had fortified Louisburg at great cost. 
It was the richest American jewel that had ever adorned 
the French crown. ^ The annual French income 
from the fishery was enormous. Besides, Louisburg 
was well situated for the protection of Canada, and 
was at the same time a constant menace to Nova 
Scotia and New England. It was built on a neck of 
land jutting out into the harbor, on the south-east 
of the island. Its ramparts, built of stone, were 
from thirty to thirty-six feet high, and its ditch 80 
feet wide. On an island, in the entrance of the har- 
bor, was stationed the Island Battery, garrisoned with 
180 men, and mounted with 30 cannon of 28-pound 
shot, with swivel guns upon its breastwork, and 2 
brass lo-inch mortars. Directly opposite the en- 
trance of the harbor lay the Grand Battery, with 28 
cannon of 42-pound shot, and two i8-pounders. 
On a cliff, opposite the Island Battery, stood a light- 
house, and toward the north a careening place. 

However, Louisburg was not so strong as was at 
first supposed. Some of the prisoners taken at 
Canso by Duvivier, upon their return to Boston, re- 
ported that the garrison was mutinous, the provisions 
and reinforcements delayed, and portions of the ram- 



iRoIt, vol. iv. p. 6, 
xxviii 



The Tote Journal 

parts defective.^ The sand used in making the 
mortar was not proper for masonry.^ 

The credit of the expedition against Louisburg is 
variously given by contemporary writers. William 
Vaughan, son of the lieutenant-governor of New 
Hampshire province, was, without doubt, one of the 
first to suggest it. But to Governor William Shirley, 
of Massachusetts-Bay, must be awarded the honor of 
the first official act in the matter. He laid it before 
the people and the legislatures of the colonies. The 
legislature of Massachusetts, after some hesitancy, 
agreed to the expedition by a majority of one vote. 
New York sent some artillery, and Pennsylvania sent 
provisions. Four thousand and seventy men^ were 
raised, of whom Massachusetts contributed 3250, 
New Hamphire 304,^ and Connecticut 516. Nearly 
one third of this whole body was contributed by 
Maine, then under the Bay government. The 300 
men raised by Rhode Island were too late for active 
service, and the provisions from Pennsylvania did not 
arrive until after the capitulation. 



1 See Memoirs of the Principal Transactions of the Last War. 
Boston, 1758. 

2 Pichon, Genuine Letters, p. 10. 

3 For the names of these Louisburg soldiers, both officers and 
men, see M E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. xxiv. pp. 367-380 ; 
vol. XXV. pp. 249-269. The Society of Colonial Wars has pub- 
lished a list of the commissioned officers copied from the Registry 
in the British War Office. 

4 According to Belknap, New Hampshire furnished 350 men. 
A manuscript note and summary, in the handwriting of the late 
Dr. George H. Moore, puts the number at 354. 

xxix 



The Tote Journal 

Colonel William Pepperrell/ of Kittery, on the Pis- 
cataqua, in Maine, was appointed commander-in-chief 
of the expedition, with the title of lieutenant-general. 
He was popular and resolute, a man of engaging ad- 
dress and unblemished character. In so difficult and 
hazardous a service, volunteers could be enlisted only 
under the auspices of a man whom they loved and 
respected, as the part borne by Maine plainly demon- 
strated. Pepperrell had attended the sermons of the 
Rev. George Whitefield at Boston, and, the day before 
he accepted his commission, sought Whitefield's 
opinion of the expedition. Whitefield replied, " that 
he did not, indeed, think the scheme very promising ; 
that if he did not succeed, the widows and orphans 
of the slain soldiers would be like lions robbed of 
their whelps ; but if it pleased God to give him suc- 
cess, envy would endeavour to eclipse his glory." ^ 
Upon entreaty, Whitefield gave to the expedition the 
motto Nil desperandum, Christo duce, and preached 
to the men from i Samuel, chap, xxii : 2.^ James 
Alexander, in a letterto Cadwallader Golden, on March 
10, i74t, wrote: "The Boston expedition against 
Gape Breton seems a bold undertaking. If it suc- 
ceeds, it will be the most glorious thing that has been 
done this war."* 



^ For fuller details of this worthy gentleman, consult Parsons, 
Life of Sir IVilliam Pepper rell. 

''^Gillies, Memoirs of the Life of Reverend George IVhitefield. 
London, 1772, pp. 146, 147. SGillies, p. 147. 

^Golden Papers, vol. i. ; transcripts in the Lenox Library. 

XXX 



The Tote Journal 

On March 24, 1745, the Massachusetts troops 
sailed from the mouth of the Piscataqua in transports, 
accompanied by several armed vessels. Those of 
New Hampshire had left Newcastle the preceding 
morning. On April 4 the fleet met, according to ap- 
pointment, at Canso. For three weeks they lay 
here, waiting for a break in the ice, which environed 
the shore of Cape Breton. Meanwhile the men were 
drilled daily, while the armed vessels were cruising 
and capturing prizes. On April 8 a fort was begun 
on the ruins of the one destroyed the preceding year.^ 

On April 29 the ice moved off, and both winds 
and weather conspired to favor a descent on the isl- 
and. The expedition immediately set sail, and an- 
chored in Chapeau Rouge, or Gabarus Bay, between 
nine and ten o'clock the following morning, '' at the 
distance of about two miles from Flat-Point-Cove, 
where, being discovered by the enemy, a party of 
about I <yO men was detached from Louisburg, under 
the command of Captain Morepang and M. Boularderie, 
to oppose their landing."^ About 100 of the New 
Englanders were landed to drive them off, and in the 
engagement which ensued six Frenchmen were killed, 
and as many more taken prisoners. Among them 
was M. Boularderie, and, after several others had been 



^Manuscript letter from Thomas IV. IValdron to bis father, 
the Hon. Richard IValdroti, of N. H., written in tiie form of a 
journal. 

^ Letter from Shirlej> to the Duke of Newcastle, London, 1746, 
P- 4. 

xxxi 



The Tote Journal 

wounded, the rest were put to flight. On the follow- 
ing day a few more were captured. Only two of the 
English were slightly wounded. 

On May 2 a detachment of 400 men, under Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel William Vaughan, of New Hampshire, 
marched to the northeast part of the harbor, behind a 
range of hills, where they burned the houses and 
stores of the enemy. The French who held the 
Grand or Royal Battery, about a mile distant, were 
so terrified that they deserted it the same night, spik- 
ing their guns and leaving their artillery. "By the 
grace of God, and the courage of thirteen men, 1 en- 
tered the royal battery, about nine o'clock," wrote 
Vaughan to the general.^ Vaughan was a member 
of the council of war, and was ready for any service 
to which the general might appoint him. He wrote, 
two days after the English entered Louisburg: "I 
have lived here in Great Bitternesse of Mind and 
cheerfully Done my Duty, at ye Same time dispised 
ye People yt Strove to frett me."^ He died in Lon- 
don while seeking, in vain, a reward for his services 
in this siege. 

Within twenty-three days after their first landing, 
the English had erected five fascine batteries against 
the town. With incredible labor and difficulty they 
transported their cannon through a morass, the mud 



iQiioted in Belknap, New Hampshire, 1831, p. 277. On the 
morning of the 3d of May. Shirley to Newcastle, p. 5. 

2 Original letter from Vaughan to the Hon. T^ichard IValdron, 
June ip, 1743. 




Portrait of Sir William Pepperell. 

From the original painting by John Smybert, in lysi. 



Tbe Tote Journal 

knee-deep ; the nights in which the work was done 
were cold and foggy, and many of the men were bare- 
footed and ill-clad. At one time i 500 men were in- 
capable of duty, either from disease or fatigue. The 
language of many of them was: " If I were well at 
home, they should never find me such a fool again. "^ 

Of the five batteries erected by the English the 
most advanced was 250 yards distant from the west 
gate of the town, and the cannon could be loaded 
only under the fire of its musketry. From this bat- 
tery and the Grand Battery the English destroyed the 
west gate of the town and made a breach in the ad- 
joining wall. The citadel was damaged ; the Maure- 
pas gate shattered ; several houses were demolished, 
and numbers of the French killed or taken prisoners. 

On May 26 the English made an attempt on the 
Island Battery. The preparations for this attack were 
insufficient. Exposed in boats, with the surf running 
high, the English were repulsed, with the loss of 
about sixty killed and drowned, and 116 taken 
prisoners. ^ 

The English, however, were determined to become 



'i^ Original letter from Thomas IV. IValdron to his father, June 
6, 1745. He says : " I am Sorry to find our New England Troops 
or to Say that they want to go home, home is all ye Cry." Shirley 
in his letter to the Duke of Newcastle states that "they went on 
chearfully without being discouraged, or murmuring." He, 
evidently, presented the case of the colonists in a very favorable 
light and, perhaps, did not know the circumstances fully. 

^Shtrlej) to Newcastle, p. 10. We have used Shirley's report 
to some extent. 



The Tote Journal 

masters of the Island Battery, and, judging it im- 
practicable to take it by boats, began the erection of 
a battery near the light house, which, in the face of 
great obstacles, was finished by the nth of June. 
The French, exposed to the fire from the cannon and 
bombs of the English at this station, became so terri- 
fied that many of them left the fort and ran into the 
water for refuge. 

The fleet, under Commodore Peter Warren, soon 
after it had overtaken the army at Canso, proceeded 
to Louisburg and effectually blocked up the harbor. 
On May 19, after several hours' engagement, the 
Vigilant, a French man of war, of 64 guns, com- 
manded by the Marquis de la Maisonforte, was cap- 
tured. She was richly laden with cannon, powder, and 
stores for Louisburg. The whole cargo was valued 
at i;6o,ooo.^ The French had eagerly awaited her 
arrival, and her capture deprived them of the much 
needed succor. This was one of the most signal 
successes achieved by the navy. These reverses, 
too-ether with the reduced stock of ammunition, de- 
termined Duchambon to capitulate. On June i 5 he 
sent out a flag of truce, desiring time to mature 
articles of capitulation. These were sent the next 
day, but were rejected by Pepperrell and Warren, 
and, others proposed by them being accepted by the 
French, the fortification surrendered on June 17. The 
success of the enterprise was hailed with acclamation 



1 Rolt, vol. iv. p. 20. See also the account of Capt. Edward 
Tyng, in Drake, Fr. and hid. War, pp. 209-211. 
xxxiv 



The Tote Journal 

throughout the colonies. Pepperrell soon after re- 
ceived the title and dignity of a baronet, and Warren 
was promoted to the rank of rear-admiral of the 
Blue. 

The various incursions and depredations of the 
Indians on the frontiers of New England are treated 
more or less fully in the notes to the Journal. In 
1746 an expedition was set on foot for the reduction 
of Canada. On April 9 the Duke of Newcastle wrote 
to the several governors, ' ' that the reduction of Canada 
having been resolved on, it was the King's orders 
that they should immediately raise as large a body of 
men as the shortness of the time will permit."^ On 
August 24 Governor Shirley sent home a list of the 
fighting men computed to be within each of the 
colonies that engaged in the expedition. The whole 
number of available men aggregated 340,000, while 
those actually voted or raised for the enterprise num- 
bered 7500.^ 

The acquisition of Canada, it was judged, would 
secure the fish and fur trade, deprive the French of 
provisions and lumber for their sugar islands, greatly 
diminish the trade of France, secure the English pos- 
sessions in America, hitherto greatly incommoded, 
and put a halt to the building of French war vessels, 
then carried on in Canada. 

A fleet was to have been sent from England to 



1 Chalmers Papers relating to Canada, 1 692-1 792, in the Lenox 
Library. 

2 Chalmers Papers, as before. 



The Tote Journal 

cooperate in the expedition. But delays followed and 
no fleet arrived. At last, the provincial troops hav- 
ing disbanded, pursuant to the directions of the Duke 
of Newcastle, Shirley and Knowles issued a procla- 
mation, in October, 1747, "that the king, finding it 
necessary to employ the greater part of his forces to 
aid his allies and to defend the liberties of Europe, 
had thought proper to lay aside for the present the 
intended expedition against Canada.' 

Why the provincial troops were not permitted to 
make the attempt alone may well be imagined. 
Even Shirley, attached to the colonists, but still more 
considerate for his sovereign, wished to place the 
chief dependence on the fleet and army sent from 
home. He feared the "independence " it might create 
in the provinces " towards the mother country when 
they should see within themselves so great an army 
possessed in their own right by the conquest of so 
great a country." Shirley lived until the dawn of 
the tumultuous times which preceded the American 
Revolution.^ 

The cessation of hostilities, which usually accom- 
panies the hope of peace, now followed. Prisoners 
were redeemed or exchanged on both sides. ^ On 
October 7, 1748, the treaty of peace was signed at 



1 Chalmers Papers relating to Canada. 

2 He died at Roxbury, Mass., March 24, 1771, aged about 78 
years. 

3 See N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 1 14, 185 ; Votcsofihe House 
of Representatives of Massachusetts Bay, for 1747. 
xxxvi 



The Tote Journal 

Aix-la-Chapelle by the British, French, and Dutch 
plenipotentiaries. But not until the following May 
was it formally proclaimed at Boston. By this treaty 
it was stipulated that all the conquests that had 
been made since the commencement of the war 
should be restored. Cape Breton, the crowning 
conquest of the English in America, was accordingly 
returned to France in exchange for Madras. It was a 
•' hasty and ill-digested affair, determining none of the 
points in dispute." ^ For no sooner had the definitive 
treaty been ratified, than trouble began anew. In a 
few years another war broke out between these hos- 
tile powers, which terminated in the fall of New 
France. The English were victorious. 

Victor H. Paltsits. 

Lenox Library, New York, October, 1895. 

1 Wynne, British Empire in America, voL ii. p. 5. 



THE JOURNAL OF 
CAPTAIN WILLIAM POTE, JR. 




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THE POTE JOURNAL 



MAY ye i7tii 174=^ Friday about ye Rising of ye 
Sun we Came to Sail in anapolis Bason, In 
Companey with ye Schooner Seaflower James 
Sutherla[nd] Commander. Bound up to ye Fort of 
Anapolis Royell^ with ye wind about SE, and ap- 
proach[ed] Near Goat Island, ^ which is about a League 
below ye Fort, ye wind began to Vear ahead s[o] yt we 
was Necessiatated to Stand in Near ye Land on ye Lar- 
bord Side of ye River to a place Ca[lled] ye Scotch fort,^ 
where, Verey Unexpectedly an[d] to our Great Sur- 

1 The garrison consisted of 300 men. The condition of the 
place at this time is described in a letter from Beauharnois and 
Hocquart to Count de Maurepas. hlew York Colonial Documents, 
vol. X. p. 9. 

2 This island was about five miles to the westward of the fort 
of Annapolis Royal. See Popple, Map of the British Empire in 
Amer. London. 1733; Moll, Map of North Parts of Amer. 
claimed hy France. 1720. Bellin in Charlevoix gives the name 
in French, " I. aux Chevres." 

3 " Scots Fort " is located in the maps of Popple and Moll. It 
was about five miles from the fort, and to the north-east of Goat 
Island. 



The Tote Journal 

prise, there Lay in ambush an army of French & In- 
dians^ yt were Sent from Candady to atack ye fort 
of anapolis. having had hitiiigence from ye Nuteral 
fre[nch] at anapolis. yt I was Sent an Express to Bos- 
[ton] and being hi Continual Expectation of my arrivel 
at anapolis, they had provided thems[elves] with Con- 
news hailed up and hid in ye bushes, all things Neces- 
sarey for there Interprise which was Compleated to So 
much Perfection, [t]hat although I was througly ac- 
quainted with ye River, and Suspicious those Spawn 
of hell might be Incamped Somewere on ye River, hav- 
ing had Experience of there manners and Customs in 
two^ of there attemps against anapolis Royel before yet 
Could not perceive ye Least alteration on ye Shore, or 
Sign of there Laying in ambush against me. Even with 
ye assistance of a Good prospect Glass, which 1 made 
Use of at that time on purpose to Inspect Into that 

1 This party was commanded by M. Marin, a lieutenant from 
Canada. It consisted of 300 Canadians and 300 Indians, besides 
officers and others. Murdoch, Nova Scotia, vol. ii. p. 73. Pote 
estimates the entire force to be at least 700. See under date May 
23, 1745. The wife of one of the carpenters of the garrison of An- 
napolis was taken by the besiegers and carried to Chignecto. 
Means were employed by Gov. Mascarene to obtain her libera- 
tion. See Selections from the Public Docs, of Nova Scotia, ed. 
by T. A. Akins, p. 157. 

2 These two attempts must have been those of Le Loutre and 
Duvivier. The accounts are conflicting. Rolt, Impartial Rep- 
resentation, vol. iii. pp. 442-444; Drake, French and Indian 
War, p. 55 ; Parkman, Half Century of Conflict, vol. ii. pp. 
80-82 ; Haliburton, Nova Scotia, vol. i. p. 109; Memoirs of the 
Principal Transactions of the Last War. Boston. 1758, pp. 
20-26. 



The Tote Journal 

place in perticuler above all other parts of ye River, 
being Sensible there was no other place So Commo- 
dious for there Intention, as we are always abliged to 
Go verey near that Shore, and Especially when ye 
wind is Contrary, we being at this time Clost on 
board ye Shore and almost becalmed, as I was walk- 
ing ye Deck my mate^ Desired me to Set down, and 
told me Perhaps there might be Indians on ye Sho[re] 
which if there was he apprehended I was In danger, 
at his Request I Set down on y[e] Cominges of ye 
hatches, which ye french and Indians Perceiving as 
they Lay In ambush on ye Shore, and Concluded 
they Should hav[e] no better oppertunity to make 
there flrs[t] assault, haled ye Schooner- In English, 
Verey Distinctly. I arose Directly and answered 
them, Supposing it might possibly be Some of ye 
Nuteral french, they being all acquainted with ye 
Schooner, But 1 Soone found my mistake, for before 
I had well answered them, they Discharged a whole 
Volley of Small armes at us, we Endeavoured to put 
her about but to no purpose, for by ye smoke of their 
Guns with their Continual fiering it was almost Start 
Calm, we Expected Everey moment to be a Shore, but 
at Length with much Difficulty put her about, but 
being Entierly becalmed we Could by no Means 
Govern her with ye helm, but where Driven with ye 
Tide according to its Sitting, Somtimes athirt ye Tide, 

1 Joseph Wear or Wyer. His wages under Pote were about 
£io N. E. old tenor per month. Manuscript Bills relating to 
Annapolis Royal, drawn bj> John Henry Bastide. 

- Montague, Ordnance Tender. 

? 



The Tote Journal 

and Somtimes Stern formost, we Discharged one 
Cannon and one Swivel, and four or five Small armes 
at ye Enemey, but they being So many in number, 
while Some where Imployed in Launching there 
Connews, ye Rest -without any Intermission where 
Continually pouring Showers of Shott upon us, and 
keept their own men under Cover till they Boarded 
and Took us which, was all Compleated in Less 
then ten minuts from ye Begining of their assault^ 
I was affraid the[y] would have taken up ye paquet 
Er it Sunk and as providence ordered although ye 
Bulletts flew amongst us Like hail from ye heavens, 
yet there was but one man hurt amongst ye Six,^ and 
he Slightly wounded In ye Back, Even ye man at helm 
Escaped when there was five balls Struck ye Tiller, I 
believe there was not two minuts Differance between 
their Boarding ye Two Vessells, after we was Taken 
and Carried ashore with our hands Pinioned fast be- 
hind us, they hailed our Vessells asshore and began 
to Plunder them,^ Cutting our Small Sails in Peices 
with their knives to make Snapsacks, and Splitting 
our Chests in peices with their hatchetts, &c after they 

iThe circumstance of the capture of these two schooners is 
mentioned by Murdoch, Nova Scotia, vol. ii. p. 73, and in Se- 
lections from Pub. Docs, of Nova Scotia, p. 156. 

-Their names were William Pote, Jr., John Broading, Jonathan 
Donham or Dunham, Abraham Florance, Isaac Prince, and Joseph 
Wear or Wyer. 

•'This plunder was dispersed and bought up by the inhabi- 
tants of Minas. Joseph Le Blanc informed the Council of Nova 
Scotia, at a meeting held on Wednesday, June iq, 174s, that 
such plunder as Vv-as bought up by the inhabitants of Minas was 

4 



The Tote Journal 

had Plundred our Chests of what was most Valuable, 
they Brought their booty Viz our Cloaths and what- 
soever was Light & Convenient to be Transported 
on Shore, and laid them in a heap, and placed us by 
them, then Cituated themselves in a Large Circle 
Round us in which Situation they cast Lotts upon 
their Booty, after they had Shared their Light Plun- 
der, we was Travelled about four miles up to their 
General,^ and after Strict Examanation what our 
Cargoe Consisted In &c we was Conveyed to their 
Gaurd house a barn about a mile Distance from ye 
fort of anapolis, where we had a Verey hansom Re- 
ception Each man furnished with about three ounces 
and a half of lowsey Straw, without so much as a 
blanket to Screen us from ye Cold,'-^ and for our Greater 
Consolation they Gave us Nothing Either to Eat or 
Drink, But Complemented us with their Usuel Com- 
plement to prissonners, Courage my Friends fortune 
of war. In these Comfortable Circumstances, Each 
man having his hands fast Penioned behind him, we 
Lay down to Repose our Selves amongst ye French 
Soldiers for ye first Night. 

intended to be returned, together with the three prisoners whom 
they had redeemed out of the hands of the enemy, and whom 
they offered to bring and surrender at Annapolis. SckcUoiis 
from the Pub. Docs, of Nova Scotia, p. 156. The names of 
these prisoners were Joseph Wear or Wyer, Isaac Prince, and 
Jonathan Rich. 

1 Monsieur Marin. 

2Bouchette says: "The climate of Nova Scotia is cold, the 
winter continuing from December to May. There is scarcely 
any spring." British Dominions in N. A., vol. ii. p. 46. 

5 



The Tote Journal 

Saturday ye 1 8th This Day we Remained in their 
Gaurd house amongst ye French Soldiers, who In- 
formed us of their Long and Tedious Journey from 
Canedy,^ and what Difficuitys they had Undergon 
to Little or no purpose, they being Sent from Cane- 
day in order to take anapolis Royell, which they De- 
clared was Impossible for them to accomplish, find- 
ing ye fort In So Good Circumstances,^ and So much 
Stronger then what they Imagined, By ye Information 
that they had of it before they began their Interprise, 
This day they Gave us Some Victuals, & told us we 
Should have ye Pleasure of Seeing Canady, which 
they Supposed to be one of ye most famousc Places 
in ye whole Universe. 

Sunday ye 19th This Day they Informed us also 
of Sundrey of their transactions, and how they had 
Sent a Letter Into ye fort to the Governour Masker- 
ene,^ which Informed him they would Consent to a 
Capitulation with him on honourable Termes, which 
he Intierly Disdained and burnt there Letter before 
there messengers face, & would not treat their Gen- 

1 Canada. 

2 After the expedition of Duvivier against tlie fort in 1744, an 
attempt was made to strengtiien it. For this purpose six car- 
penters and four masons were sent from New England on board 
the schooner Montague. They were in this service 43 days, 
from October i to November 12, 1744. Besides these, Charles 
Follett, master carpenter, was credited with 73 days' pay, from 
September i to November 12, 1744. The whole pay-roll of these 
and nine others, making twenty in all, amounted to ,£658, 4 
shillings, N. E. old tenor. Manuscript Bills, etc. 

3 See Appendix for a sketch of John Paul Mascarene. 

6 



The Tote Journal 

eral with So much Respect as to Send him an answer 
to his preposels, at which he was Exceedingly Dis- 
gusted and Swore he would have Sattisfaction, they 
Likwise Told us that if ye Governour of anapolis, 
had not Treated their General with So much Indiffer- 
ancey, we might Probably have been Sent to ye fort 
and Released from our Confinement, about three 
of ye Clock in ye afternoon ye General Gave orders, 
that I must Come before him to be Examined Con- 
cerning my Letters yt was Sent from Boston, In or- 
der to be Delivered to ye Governour and officers of 
anapolis Royell. and when 1 was Conducted to 
General he asked me by Wm Winnit' one of ye Neu- 
teral french who was then his Interprater. what was 
become of ye Letters that was Sent with me for ye 
fort I Desiered ye Interprater to tell ye Genaral I had 
Sunk them, at which he Seemed to be Exceeding an- 
grey and told me it would have been a Great Sattis- 
faction to him to have had ye Perusing of them, after 
having asked me Sundrey Qjuestions Concerning our 
Cargoe, &c, I was Dismissed and Conveyed To my 
Lodgings there Gaurd house, where I found my bed- 
ing much in ye Same order as I Left it. my three 
ounces and half of Straw was by this Time Demin- 

1 William Winniett. One of this name, a merchant of An- 
napolis, was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia in 1732. 
He was not, however, the man mentioned in the Journal. Akins, 
Selections, pp. 74, 97; Murdoch, Nova Scotia, vol. ii. W. A. 
Calnek read a paper before the Nova Scotia Historical Society, 
June 3, 1880, entitled: Sketches of the tVinnictt, De Lacy and 
MHledge Families. See the Collections, vol. v. p. 154. 

7 



The Tote Journal 

ished to about half So much, on which I Endeavoured 
to Repose my Self in ye Best manner Possible for that 
Night, with ye Rest of my Companions & fellow 
prisonners which was ten^ In Number that Belonged 
to ye two Schooners, after having been put In Irons 
with my mate who was my Yoak fellow at that time, 
for we not only had our hands pinioned fast behind 
us. but also Coupled Togather in Irons So yt one 
Could not So much as move on any Occasion what- 
soever without his partner. 

Monday ye 20th This day at about Nine of ye Clock 
in ye forenoon. Came W^ Winnit who Pertended 
much friendship to us, and told me he would be 
Glad to Speak with me for he had Somthing of Con- 
siderable Conssequence To Discover to me In private, 
which I Verey Readyly Consented to being Exceed- 
ing Glad to Imbrace ye opertunity Supposing it was 
Somthing Relating to our Redemtion, and after hav- 
ing obtained Permission from ye Gaurd and be- 
ing Loosed from my Irons. I walked with him Some 
Small Distance from ye Gaurd house, with my hands 
fast pinioned behind me and when we was Set down 
on ye Ground, he told me I might be permitted to 
Send a Letter to ye Chief Engeneer mi" Bastide- that 
was then in anapolis fort, on these Conditions that 
if ye Governour Maskerrain would Release five or Six 



1 Besides the six composing Pote's crew, and mentioned in 
a previous note, there were James Sutherland and two of his 
men, Jonathan Rich and Jonathan Young. 

2 See Appendix for a sketch of John Henry Bastide. 



The Tote Journal 

of ye Nuteral french, yt was then Prisonners in ye Fort 
as Criminals having harboured for Some Considerable 
Time, Several of General marains officers that where 
Sent as Spies from menus/ to Inspect Into ye Situa- 
tion of anapolis Fort, and not only harboured y"i, but 
whent Into ye fort dayly and wrought as Labourours 
for ye King, that they might therby be fully ac- 
quainted in what Capacity ye fort was In at that time 
In order to Give ye Spies a true Discription and Intil- 
igence of ye Fortification of anapolis in all its parts, 
this they Practiced for Some Considerable time Toga- 
ther. hiding ye Spies in there Cellers by day Least by 
Some accident they Should be Discoverd by ye People 
of anapolis. and at Night Demonstrated to them ye 
observations they had made on ye Fort, at Length by 
Some means ye Governour of anapolis having had In- 
fornation \sic] of ye Spies, and Likwise of ye Treachery 
of those Nutrel french, Sent out privatly a party of 
men to ye Number of about Seventy, who took five 
or Six of those traitors ye Neutrel French, but all 
ye Spies Escaped, these People being at this time 
Confined in ye fort as Criminals, was what they De- 
manded in Exchange for us^, which I was fully Sattis- 

1 The French village of Minas was situated in that portion of 
the present town of Horton which borders on Minas Basin. Bou- 
chette says that in 1832 there were no traces of it to be seen ex- 
cept the cellars of the houses, a few old orchards, and scattered 
groups of willows, the constant appendages of an Acadian set- 
tlement. English emigrants from New England settled there in 
1760. They found the place in a state of decay. 

2 Murdoch states that Mascarene sent out a party oi fifty men 



The Tote Journal 

fled ye Governour of anapolis would By no means 
Consent to, as I was at anapolis when those people 
was brought Into ye fort Prisoners and was fully acc- 
quainted with ye whole aff^iire. and therefore was 
Sensible this Could by no means be Complied with 
which I told mr Winnit as Soon as he made ye Per- 
posels. Nevertheless I Verey Gladly Imbraced ye 
opertunity To Send a Letter to ye Chief Engenr Mr 
Bastide In Expectation at Least I Should therby know 
my Distiny. after having Concluded our Discourse 
and 1 had Determined to Send to mr Bastide. we Re- 
turned Into ye Gaurd house, where he furnished me 
with Pen Ink and paper, and after I had wrote ye Letter 
I Read it to my Companions, and Desired there appro- 
bation of ye Perposels, who Being Exceeding Glad of 

under the fort major, by night, to bring in such of the inhabit- 
ants of the cape as knew anything of this invasion under Marin ; 
that five or six persons were brought in and examined under 
oath; who confirmed the story of the enemy being at Minas, and 
stated that two lads, named Charles Raymond and Peter Landry, 
had privately made three journeys to Minas from Annapolis. 
Mrs. Gautier and Paul Suratt were detained, and Peter Gautier 
was committed to prison for endeavoring to conceal this affair. 
Pierre Gautier, who was a son of Louis Gautier, and Charles Ray- 
mond, were outlawed some time after this. Hist, of Nova Scotia, 
vol. ii. p. 73; N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 155. The Aca- 
dians, after the Treaty of Utrecht, were called Neutral French, 
but were largely such in name only. They hoped for a return 
of French dominion. They did not extend their plantations dur- 
ing the English regime; their houses were wretched wooden 
boxes without conveniences, and without ornaments, and scarcely 
contained the most necessary furniture. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. 
X. p. 5. 

10 



The Tote Journal 

ye oppertunity we had to Send to ye Fort, told me 
they hoped it might be a means of our Redemtion. 
Nevertheless we was not without anxious Care and 
Concern, being Sensible ye preposels was So verey 
Unreasonable, to Demand Criminals In Exchange for 
Prisoners of war. after ye Letter had been Inter- 
prated to ye General I Sealed it and Gave it to mr 
Winnit, who Told me he would have it Sent to ye fort, 
as Soon as possible. So with Earnest Desiers yt It 
might meet with Success, and Impatienc[e] for an 
answer, we Spent ye Remainder of ye Day in our 
Lodging ye Gaurd house. 

Tuesday 2 ist This Day at about 4 Clock in ye after- 
noon ye French priest Came to ye Gaurd house & 
Brought me a Letter ye [sic\ was Sent from ye Chief 
Engr mr Bastide. In answer to our Letter Sent him ye 
Day Before, which Gave me no Encouragment of our 
SpeeHy Exchange, ye Contents therof was to this 
affect, Viz I Receeived yours and am Sorrey for your 
hard f^ite, But as to your preposels they Cannot be 
Complyed with by any means, those people you 
mentioned in your Letter Being apprehended as 
Criminels and Traitors To ye king of Great Britan, 
and Therefore it is not in ye Governours power, nor 
mine to Release them by any means, Endeavour To 
Content your Self as much as possible with your 
present Circumstances, for you Certainly [will] be 
Redeemed In a Short time, as Cape Britoon^ is Greatly 
Indebted to us by their Cartel, and ye Same Treat- 

iLouisburg had not yet been captured by the English. 
1 1 



The Tote Journal 

ment you meet with amongst ym, they may Expect 
to Receive frdm us without fail, I Remain yours 
&c. after having perused ye Letter and Considered 
there was no other Dependance but our Being Ex- 
changed by Luisbourg, we Composed our Selves in 
ye Best manner possible Still Remaining Coupled in 
Irons, and our hands fast pinioned behind us. 

Whednesday ye 22A at about Nine of ye Clock in 
ye fornoone, Came mr Wm Winnit to ye Gaurd house 
and Seemed to be Verey much Concerned for [our] 
Condition, and told me he Should be Exceeding Glad 
it was in his power to Contribute any thing to our 
Consolation. I told him I was under many obliga- 
tions for ye favours I had already Received from him 
in assisting of me to Convey my Letter to mr Bastide 
at ye fort, and Sincerly wished it was in my power 
to make him Suitable Retaliation, but as it was not 
I Should always have it in Gratfull Remembranc[e] 
and Desired him to do me ye favour as to Let me have 
a Shirt, which 1 was in Great Nead of at yttime. hav- 
ing but one Corse Shirt & yt began to be Considerably 
Inhabitted with french Vermin which our Straw was 
full of at yt Time, he told me he was Exceedingly well 
pleased yt he had ye oppertunity to Gratifie me, and 
in Case he had but two Shirts he would verey freely 
Let me have one of ym. he promised me also he would 
Send us Some Tabaccoe. and Each of us a pipe, and 
Some Rum. which would have been Received wh 
more thankfulness by us at that time then I am 
Capable to Express. 

I told him 1 Should take it as a Verey Great 



The Tote Journal 

favour, and Disered him to Take and order on 
Some Gentleman in ye fort for his Satisfaction, 
which he would not accept of by any means what- 
soever, But told me we was Exceeding welcome 
where it in his power to do us a Greater favour. 
Nevertheless he Desired me to Give him a Line or 
two from under my hand In his Recommendation yt 
might be a Testimony of his Generousity to us to 
any of our friends in ye fort, his Request I verey 
willingly Consented to being Exceeding Glad it was in 
my power to do him any favour, and Especielly to 
write in his Recomandation. after I had wrote he 
took his Leave of us and promised he would Send 
those Nesseceries without fail, but we Never Saw 
our benifactor afterwards nor Received any of his 
promised Benifits, although we was Informed he was 
Sundrey times afterwards amongst ye armey. at 
about Six of ye Clock in ye afternoone there Came 
orders from ye Genaral yt we must be Removed to 
another Barn yt was about Gun Shott Distance from 
ye Gaurd house, where we walked with our hands fast 
bound behind us and Coupled togather in Irons, 
when we Came to ye barn we found a Great Nor of 
Indians Seated in all parts both in and round it. 
they placed us in ye middle of ye barn on ye floor, and 
ye Indians & Some of ye French officer[s] Seemed to 
be verey much Engaged in discours. wt they S^ we 
was Intirely Ignorant of but Supposed it must be 
Something of Considerable Consequence, at Length 
there Seemed to be Something of a Devision amongst 
ye Indians and we observed to take their Guns, but 

'3 



The Tote Journal 

did not in any measure aprehend ye Danger we was 
in at yt time, for ye Great Dispute they had amongs[t] 
ym was In w* manner we Should be Distributed 
among ye Indians. Some of ye Indians Claimed a 
Greater title to us then they would permit others to 
have. Insisting yt those yt Boarded us ought to have 
ye Greater Share, which was not Conformable to ye 
Law established by King Da[vid]' amongst ye Israel- 
lites, yt those which Stay by ye Stuf Should Share 
Eaquel in ye plunder with ym that Go forth to war, 
but as they Could not agree on wt terms we Should 
be Divided, they Concluded it was most Convenient 
to Shoot us Directly and end ye Dispute, for which 
Reason they took their Guns as we was Informed 
by ye French and Indians afterwards however by 
Divine providence we was preserved and Distributed 
amongst ye Tribes of Indians. 1 was Led with a 
String to a Camp of ye herons, a Nation of Indians 
whose Residence is about three Leagues from Qiie- 
bec.'^ I Seemed Tollerably well Satisfied with my 
Lot, with ye Consideration yt I should live verey near 
ye french, and having been Informed they was ye 

1 This law is given in Numbers, chap. xxxi. It was a com- 
mand to Moses. 

2 On March 13, 163 1, a grant of 2\ leagues in the seigniory 
of St. Gabriel was made to these Indians, and the settlement 
at La Jeune Lorrette was made in 1697, This Indian village is 
between 8 and 9 miles from the city of Qiiebec, and is seated on 
the e.ist side of the River St. Charles, commanding a prospect of 
Quebec and its environs. For an interesting sketch of the Hu- 
rons, or Yendat Tribe, see Bouchette, Topog. Did. of Lower Can- 
ada, 1832, article Indians. 



The Tote Journal 

most Civelised Nation of Indians, when I Came to 
their Camp 1 found four prisoners, Viz one English- 
man^ and three English Indians^ yt belonged to Cap- 
tain Jno Gorhams^ Company, and where taken Some- 
time before on Goat Island, ye Englishman 1 had been 
acquainted with, and after I had asked him Some per- 
ticuler Questions weither any of there Company was 
taken besids themselves &c, he Gave me an acount 
how Long he had been Taken, and after what man- 
ner, and what Treatment they had meet with amongst 
ye Indians, and Seemed to be verey well Satisfied with 
his Condition, ye herons Could all talk Exceeding 
Good french. and asked me if I Could Speak french. 
I told yn a little, at which they was well pleased and 
asked me Several Questions and told me by no means 
to be Discontned or Uneasey with my Condition, for 
they would use me as a brother, and yt we Should 
Commence our Journey for menus ye Next day. they 
Gave me also Some boilld Corn and told me I Should 
live Exceeding well when we arrived to Canady. 
they also asked me Sundrey questions Concerning 

ijohn Read, son of Jacob Read. He was taken captive May 
9,1745. \ioxion Redeemed Captive. Boston. 1748, p. 31. This 
rare and interesting tract was reprinted with notes by Samuel 
G. Drake in his Particular History of the Five Years' French and 
Indian IVar. Boston. 1870. At the same time 100 copies were 
printed separately, with new pagination and a copy of the 
original title-page. 

2 Two of their names are given by Pote as Caleb and Jacob ; 
that of the third is not mentioned, but circumstances in which 
he was a factor are detailed under date of July 10, 1745. 

3 See Appendix for a sketch of Col. John Gorham. 

'5 



The Vote Journal 

their prisoners they had taken on Goat Isla[nd] and 
told me ye Disadvantage they Laboured under before 
I Came to make them Understand they^ being In- 
tierly Ignorant of both ye French and Indian tongues, 
when it was time to Repair to Sleep I was Conveyed 
to their Cap"s Tent, where after prayers which they 
Never Neglected Night and morning. I had my hands 
bound Securly behind me and a String fastned 
round my middle, and placed between two Indians, 
one End of ye String being made fast to my Right 
hand bed fellow, and ye other to my Left. So that 
it was Impossible for me to Stir without waking my 
Companions, In this miserable Condition I Lay yt 
Night in my new Lodgings, having Exactly fulfiled ye 
old English proverb, and jumpt out of ye fryingpan 
Into ye Fire. 

Thirsday 23d This day at about 5 in ye morning 
we began to pack up our bagage in order for march- 
ing, I had my hands Loosned from behind me after 
wh they presented me with a Considerable quantity 
of their bagage to pake up for my Load to Carrey To 
menus, they also took my Shoes from me & Gave 
me a pair of Dears Skin mogisons Such as they wear 
themselves, and Told me they was better and much 
Preferable to Shoes To march in. at about ^ af- 
ter 3 we began our Journey for menus about =^00 in 
Companey french and Indians according to ye best 
Computation I Could make, and to ye Number of 200 
or upwards marched before us ye Greater part In- 

1 The prisoners taken on Goat Island. 
16 



The Tote Journal 

dians. we marched in a Verey Irriguler manner in 
Sight of anapolis Fort^ about a mile from our Camps. 
During which time they Continued Disdaining ye Fort 
and telling me they would In a Verey Short time have 
another flagg hoisted upon it and Governour mask- 
eren in ye Circumstances 1 was then In &c. As we 
marched I met with Severel of my accquaintance of 
ye Nutrel French Some Seemed to be verey much 
Concerned for my misfortune, and I believe would 
have done any thing for me yt Lay in their power, 
and others yt I had been Intimately accquainted with 
Seemed to Shun me and would by no means Come 
Near me, amongst ye which was one Monsieur dugos, 
whom 1 took more perticuler Notice of then any of 
ye Rest, he being one yt had Sailed with me for Some 
Considerable time, and always pretended to have a 
Great Regard for me, and often Told me yt if Ever it 
was in his power to do me any favour he would Ex- 
ert himself to ye Utmost of his ability, and Especielly 
if Ever it was my hard fortune to be taken Either by 
French or Indians, this my Great friend meeting of 
me in ye Road would not So much as Shake hands 
with me But when I Reminded him of his former 
promises to me Left me and would not Regard me. 
So much as to bid me farewell Even when ye Indians 
Seemed to Desire him to Stop. In this manner I 
parted with my Good friend and Never Saw him af- 

1 This fortress was situated on an elevation, 6o or 70 feet 
above the level of Annapolis River, but on a level with the cam- 
paign. Rolt, vol. iii. p. 443. 
3 17 



The Tote Journal 

terwards. at about 9 of ye Clock we Stoped at a 
french house where I had been Severel times before. 
ye old Gentleman ye master of ye house knew me 
and was moved with Compasion to See my misera- 
ble Estate, he took me by ye hand & told me he 
wished with all his heart it was in his power by any 
means to Release me from ye hands of ye Sauvages. I 
observed ye old Gentleman was So much affected for 
me yt he Could by no means Refrain from weeping, 
and Told me also yt he hoped yt ye Good God would 
Safly Conduct me through all my Difecultyes and in 
Good time Deliver me out of ye hands of those my 
Cruel and Barbarous Enemis. at this place we 
Refreshed our Selves with Somthing to Eat. at 
about J after 10 we Took our Leave of ye old Gentle- 
man and Departed, we marched through Several 
Small Villages^ of ye Neutrel french, whom I ob- 
served to be overjoyed with ye Succes yt General 
had met with, and I believe would have been much 
more if he had taken ye fort, at about 3 of ye Clock 
we arrived to ye River where we was to Go over, by 
this time my feet began to be Exceeding Sore not hav- 
ing been Used to my new Sort of Shoes, and having 
walked over a Great Deal of Rough and Stoney 
Ground with a Large pack on my Bac[k] after we 
had Crossed ye River and marched Some Sma[ll] 
Distance we arrived to a house where two Roads 

1 Habitations on Minas Basin are shown in T. Kitchin's map 
of Nova Scotia in The London Magazine. 1749. The road from 
Annapolis Fort to Minas is laid down in Capt. Montresor's Map 
of Nova Scotia or /Icadia. 1768. 



The Tote Journal 

met at this place we Laid down our packs In order 
to tarrey for ye Rest of our Company, and ye General 
who was behind us. after we had Stoped Some 
Considerable] Time there was added to our Number 
I believe abou[t] 200 of ye Neutrel french. one of 
which asked me Severel questions Concerning ye Ex- 
pedition against Leuisbourg, to all which I Endeav- 
oured to answer with a Great deal of Care and Cau- 
tion, But Gave him no Sattisfaction or Encouragment 
of ye Succes yt he hoped ye french might meet with, 
but Intierly to ye Contrary, ye head Captain of ye 
herons whose Name was Vincent, a Verey Subtil 
Cunning fellow, told ye man yt was Examining of me 
to forbear, and ask me no more questions of yt Sort, 
for he mistrusted I told ym these things to Discour- 
age ym from Going to Luisbourg to their aid and as- 
sistance, and Signified I Should Discourage them in 
fact if they asked me any more questions, when 
ye General Came up with us, I observed ye Neutrel 
French Exceeding attentive to hear & observe ye or- 
ders of ye General In Transporting of their heavey 
Bagage to menus with their horses &c. and after he 
had admonished them of what he Called their Duty 
in Several Respects Viz to be always Ready and will- 
ing to assi[st] an armey, at any time yt Come against 
anapolis in all yt Lay in their power, which they 
Seemed to Signify they would always Endeavour to 
Conform to whenever oppertunity presented, we 
was marched about half a mile beyond all ye houses, 
where we was ordered To Lay down our bagage and 
make preparation for our Nights Repose, at this 

'9 



The Tote Journal 

place we killed Several oxen for our Subsistence for 
yt Night and for our journey to menus. 

Every Indian and french man Seemed Exceedingly 
Imbarrased and as much business as they Could by any 
means Dispence with, all hands Roasting meat In all 
parts of our Camps, ye poor Cattle was no Sooner 
Shot down, even before they where flayed but they 
Came with their knives, and Each man Cut his peice 
where he thought proper, without any manner of Re- 
gard either to Decency or Neatness, after they had 
Constrained me to Eat about three times as much as I 
had any manner of appetite to, my master told me to 
Try if I Could make me a Spoon, and Gave me a hatchet 
and told me he would assist me in it for he Said there 
was nothing more Necessary for me to be furnished 
with in my march, his orders I quickly obeyed, and 
finished my Spoon with So much Dixterity, yt my 
master was Verey well pleased with me, and told 
me he hoped I Should make as Good a heron, as 
one John Honewell an English man that had Lived 
with ym Near thirty years, and was maried amongst 
them and had Severel Children, this Night they 
placed me between two Indians, with a Siring Round 
my middle, and Each End made fast to my Compan- 
ions, this Night I had my hands at Liberty, as they 
Supposed there was no Great Danger of my Endeav- 
ouring to make my Escape, they being Sensible 1 was 
Verey much fatagued with my Carrying a Large pack 
that day, and myjeet Exceeding Sore. Therfore I 
Reposed my Self Considerably well that Night. 
Frfday 24th 1743 This Day Early in ye morning 



The Tote Journal 

their Came to See me one of ye Neutrel french 
Named John Prejon. one yt I had been before ac- 
quainted with, but ye Indians would not permit him 
to Say but Little to me by Reason he Spoke Good 
English, and they was afraid we might talk of Some- 
thing To their prejudice, or yt we might Contrive 
Some way for me to make my Escape from ym by his 
assistance, but ye poor man they Censured Entierly 
wrongfully, not being So well acquainted with his 
principles as I was, for 1 had Reason to believe he had 
So much affection for ye Indians and So much Good 
will to ye English, yt he would Sooner have Gon five 
miles to Deliver an Englishman into their hands, then 
one mile to Release him from ym. at about 3 in ye 
morning there Came orders from ye General yt we 
must pack up our bagage in order for marching. I 
was in Great hopes and Expected yt my master 
would have had Compasion on me and lighten my 
pack for yt day, as he Saw my feet was Exceedingly 
Swelled and Sore with my Carrying a Large pack ye 
day before, but I was Disapointed in my Expectation, 
as our furnishing our Selves with provissions at this 
place for our jorney, obliged us to Carrey ye Larger 
packs, at about 6 of ye Clock we took our Departure, 
we travelled verey moderatly at our first Setting out 
which ye Indians told me was always their Custom 
when they Designed to make out a Great days march, 
this morning at about 8 of ye Clock there Ran by us 
a Considerable Number of ye Neutrel French, and 
told us there was English in Persuit of us from ye fort 
of anapolis, and asked how far we Supposed ye Gen- 



The Tote Journal 

eral was a head of us, for they was Come with Great 
Expedition to acquaint ye General of this afair. 

I observed Some was on horse back and others on 
foot, all Pressing forward with all possible Expedition 
to deliver the message to ye General, ye Indians also 
began to quicken their pace and told me they would 
Presently have more English prisoners for Company 
for me. we Soon overtook ye General who Sent back 
a party of men In order to attack ye English he had 
intelligence of. at this time ye Indians was Exceed- 
ing Carefull of me and would not by any means trust 
me to Go 5 yards from yn without a Gaurd, Least I 
Should Endeavour to make my Escape from ym. ye 
party of men yt was Sent out by ye General Re- 
turned back in a verey Short time with an English 
man^ yt had Deserted from ye fort of Anappolis, who 
Gave an account ye General had false Information, for 
he Declared there was no English out of ye fort but 
himself which Ended ye alarm. I Desired Liberty to 
Speak with him which they would not Consent to by 
any means, nor Let me Come So Near him as to See 
who he was. we Continued our march till abou[tJ 
Noon before we Stoped to Refresh our Selves. Dur- 
ing wich time there overtook us Severel of ye Neu- 
trel french yt I knew. Some of ym Pityed me and 
asked my master if he would Sel me, at which he 
Seemed angrey and told yn he Never would but keep 
me with him as Long as I lived, as we Sat at Din- 

1 This seems to have been Thomas Grifes. See under his 
name in the index. 



The Tote Journal 

ner by ye Side of a brook of waiter ye man yt had 
Deserted from ye fort of anapolis Came up with us. 
and Set down by me, and Gave me an account of all 
ye Transactions at ye fort in ye Time of ye Seige, 
yt all ye Gentlemen In ye fort was in Good health 
&c. ye man I was Verey well acquainted with and 
asked him ye Reason of his Leaving ye fort, which I 
perceived he did not Care to tell me by any means, 
this Day we Continued on our march till Some Time 
after Sun Set, by which time 1 was So fatigued yt I 
was almost of ye mind 1 Should be forced Entierly to 
Give over, having Carried a large pack all yt day. this 
Night we Incamped on ye top of a hill by ye Side of 
ye Road, where I Slept between two Indians with 
ye heavens over me for my Covering, and weither 
they Tied me yt Night, is what I am Intierly unable 
to Give any account of. for I believe before I had 
Layed down four minuts, I was asleep, and Never 
awaked till they Called me in ye morning to prepare 
my Self for ye other Days journey. 

Saturday ye 2 s^^ This day we took our Departure 
Verey Early In ye morning, at my first Setting out 
I Could Verey hardly Stand upon my Legs, my feet 
was So Exceeding Sore, after we had marched Some 
Considerable Distance my master had So much Com- 
passion on me as to Cut up a peice of his Blanket and 
wrape [it] about my feet, and opened ye blisters yt 
was then on my feet almost as big as my thumb, 
this Day was Exceeding hot ye Sun beat upon us with 
So much Vehemencey. yt both ye Indians and us 
prisonners was almost melted with ye heat, this Day 

23 



The Tote Journal 

I had ye Company and Conversation of a Cape Sable 
Indian^ Called paul, who had Lived Six or Seven Years 
in Boston and Could Speak Verey Good English, this 
man Gave me a Reguler acount of ye Situation of 
Canedy, and told me In what manner he Supposed 1 
Should be marched there, I asked him if he Suposed 
there was any prospect of my Redemtion in a Short 
time, he told me if it had been my fate to have been 
with his Nation he believed 1 Should be Redeemed in 
a verey Short time. By reason there was Six or 
Seven of their Nation then prisoners in Boston, 
which he told me they would Endeavour to Exchange, 
as Soon as there was any possibility of their being 
Exchanged, we arrived at menus at about Six of ye 
Clock in ye afternoon, where we overtook a Consid- 
erable Number of Indians yt had Gon before us, and 
Several of ye French officers and Souldiers, at this place 
we Incamped by ye Side of a Small River, ^ I believe 
there was then in Companey about four hundred of 
Indians and french, but ye Greater part Indians, by 
reason ye GenH and most of ye French Soldiers had 

1 The Cape Sable Indians were Micmacs. 

2 Probably the Habitant River. The greatest district of the 
Neutral French, which comprehended the most families, was 
Minas, to which belonged the inhabitants of the Gaspereaux. In 
1748 they were reported to consist of about 200 families, of 
which 180 families lived at Minas, 30 on the Gaspereaux, and 
about 16 in two small villages on the River Habitant. All dwelt 
within the compass of six miles, and occupied, for their liveli- 
hood, those marshes situated on the Basin of Minas called Grand 
Pre, on the north of the River Habitant and on the River Gas- 
pereaux. Morris, Remarks concerning the removal of French In- 

24 



The Tote Journal 

Gon Some Distance before us, at this time there 
Came many of ye micmack Squaws,^ to See their 
husbands yt had been against anapolis, and to have 
ye pleasure of Dancing Round ye prisoners, which is 
always their Custom at their first Reception, after 
they had been to several of ye Camps Dancing and 
making ye most hellish Noise, that is possible to pro- 
ceed from humaine Creatures, they Came to our 
Camp where there was five prisoners, Viz my Self 
and another Englishman, and three English Indians, 
my master told me to Come and Set down by him, 
and to tell Ye rest of ye prisoners to Set Each man 
Clost by his master, they Came to our Camp dancing 
and Yiewlling, and one of ye Squaws Come to me 
and took me by ye arm and 1 Suppose bid me Come 
out, but my master told me to Set Still and by no 
means Stir out of my place, and bid ye Squaw ab- 
scond in a Verey harsh manner, there was an old 
Indian In their Company yt Spoke Exceeding Good 
french, who Came to ye Captain^ of our Indians Viz 
ye herons, and Desired he would Gratifie them So far 

habitants. Summer, ij'i^, from Dr. A. Brown's Ms. Papers 
relating to Nova Scotia ( 1 748-1 757), in the British Museum, 
This piece is printed in the Proceedings and Transactions of the 
Royal Soc. of Canada for the Year 1888, vol. vi. sect. i. pp. 

ipor their manners and customs see An Account of the Cus- 
toms and Manners of the Micmakis and Maricheets Savage Nations, 
now dependent on the Government of Cape-Breton [etc.]. London. 
1758. This work is by the Rev. Antoine Simon Maillard, mis- 
sionary to the Micmacs. 

2 His name was Vincent. 

4 25 



The Tote Journal 

as to Let ym have ye pleasure of Dancing arround us 
prisoners, he was abliged to Speak in french, and 
Therfore I had ye opertunity to Understand ye Sub- 
stance of what he Said, ye Captain of ye herons was 
a Verey Subtil Cunning fellow, and answered to this 
Effect. Viz Sir 1 am Verey Sorrey You hapned to ask 
me this favour In perticuler, which is ye only one 
You Could have asked me and been Denied, this 
Meathod and Custom You have amongst Your Nation, 
is Intierly Contrary to what is allowed or permitted 
with us, Therefore Sir as we Denie our Selves this 
Priveledge, I hope You will be pleased to Excuse me, 
as I am Intierly under an obligation to Refuse You at 
this time ; after they had passed many Complements 
on Each Side, ye old Greay headed Indian took his 
Leave of us and Departed, and told his Companions 
they Could have no admittance at our Camp, after 
they was Gone ye Capn Demonstrated to me what 
had passed between ym, and told me to tel ye other 
prisoners yt belonged to our Camp, which I did, and 
told him we took it as a Verey Great favour yt he 
Should have So much Care of us, and Desired to be 
Greatfull for it, this Night I Reposed my Self between 
my two old bed fellows with a String Round my 
middle &c, and Slept by ye Blessing of almighty God 
Exceeding well. 

Sunday ye 26 This Day we Took our Departure 
at about Seven of ye Clock in ye morning, my master 
Encouraged me with ye Telling of me we Should 
have but a Verey Small march for yt Day Viz abou[t] 
three Leagus after we took our Departure we 

26 




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O X 

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The Tote Journal 

marched by Severel of ye Nuterel French houses ye 
people 1 observed Seemed to be Exceeding Courtious 
to ye Indians & Congratulated their Succes and happy 
arrivel and Signified it was Verey Evident yt God al- 
mighty was on their Side. 1 observed verey Nar- 
rowly their Behaviour towards us prisoners, and 
found they was well pleased to See us in Such a 
Condition ye Greater part of ym though I must Con- 
fess Sum of ym Seemed Verey much to pity our 
Circumstances, at about Eleven of ye Clock we ar- 
rived to ye house where ye French General was and 
many of his officers, who after having passed their 
Usual Complements between themselves and ye In- 
dians, they asked us how we did and Said they be- 
lieved the poor Dis was pretty well fatigued with 
their march, and Carrying Such Large packs &c, we 
was orderd by ye General to a house yt I Supposed 
by its accomodations to be a Goal, my master In- 
formed me we Should Stop at this place Some Con- 
sidirable Time, which I was Exceeding Glad to hear 
In hopes I might by Some means or other obtain my 
freedom, at this place we had Considering our Cir- 
cumstances Indifferent Good Lodging, we had a 
Good flour to Lodg on, and as much Straw or hay as 
we thought Convenient. 

Monday ye 27th This day we Remained in our 
habitation and did Little Else but Eat and drink ye 
Greater part of ye day, which I observed is ye Cus- 
tom of ye Indians, whenever ye Stop at any place 
where they Can possibly have it in their power, 
Either by beging borrowing or Stealing. 



The Tote Journal 

Tuesday 28th This day at ye Goal ye Indians Di- 
verting themselves with many Sorts of Exercises Viz 
Runing wrestling Eating and drinking and Dancing 
&c this day there Came many of ye Neutrel french 
to See me, but I observed ye Indians was vereyjeal- 
ouse of yni) and would not Suffer me to Speak with 
ym Except I Spoke french, and Even that when 1 
spoke to them in french it must be in their presence 
or I Could not have yt permission 

Whensday 29th This day we was also at ye Goal 
ye Indians was Exceedingly Imbarrassed and full of 
Buisness, in Selling their Plunder and Seemed Verey 
much Dissatisfied with their part, Supposing ye Gen- 
eral had not Done them Justice 

Thirsday 30th This day we was also at our habi- 
tation ye Goal ye Indians was Dividing of their Plun- 
der^ and Selling of their heavey Bagage &c. 

ye 31st Friday This day we was Deviding of thir 
money and Small Goods yt was Light for Carrige 
amongst ye Indians. I also Understood yt I belonged 
to my two old bed fellows, ye Indians yt i lay be- 
tween ye first night yt I was with ym and found I 
must Endeavour to Serve two masters and please them 
both, though I must Confess I Lovd Neither of ym 

June I St Saturday 174^ This day Came to See me 
Joseph Gautez who I had been well accquainted with 
at anapolis, and Informed me yt they was Designed 
for Capbritone to assist ye french with all Expedition.^ 



1 See the note on the plunder under date of May 17, 1745. 

2 The Marquis de Beauharnois, governor-general of Canada, 

28 



The Tote Journal 

which I was Verey Glad to hear, and hoped I might be 
Either taken or Exchanged by ye English by yt means. 

June ye 2d Sunday This Day in ye morning ye 
Capt of our Indians, told me I must prepare my Self 
and Go to mass with ym, which I presently did as I 
had not ye trouble to Shift my Self, having but one 
Shirt and yt on my back, at about Eight or Nine of 
ye Clock in ye morning I whent with ye Indians, to 
ye mass house, but they was not pleased with my 
Behaviour. Viz I made no Use of ye holy water in 
Entring ye Church, and Likwise Refused to accept 
of ye Consecrated bread when it was offered me. 
and did not Cross my Self as they did. Therefore I 
was Intierly Excommunicated, and they would not 
Suffer me to Enter their Church afterwards 

June ye 3 monday This day ye Indians Exceeding 
Industrous In making preparation for their Voyage 
To Luisbourge. fixing themselves with Provissions, 
and mogisons and all things Nessescerey for their 
Interprise 



had offered Duchambon reinforcements for the garrison of Louis- 
burg, but he, thinking himself quite safe in his stronghold, de- 
clined the proposition. When he found himself beset and sorely 
pressed by the enemy, he changed his mind, and sent messen- 
gers to Marin, ordering him to proceed at once to Louisburg. 
Marin hastened to Duchambon's assistance, but, being hindered 
by an engagement with Captain Donahew in Tatmagouche Harbor, 
and by the indifference of the Indians, who refused to proceed, 
he gave up the design, and made for Beaubassin by way of Bay 
Verte, some of his army going to Canada with the prisoners, as 
related by Pote. Proceedings and Trans, of the Royal Soc. of 
Canada for i88j, sect. ii. p. 49; Void's Journal. 

29 



The Tote Journal 

Tuesday ye 4th This Day they was also prepareing 
for Luisburg. and ye french officers Seemed to be 
Exceeding Urgent to make all posible dispatch, this 
day I Saw mr Joseph wear my mate pass by our 
Lodgings but Could not be permitted to Speak with 
[him] by any means 

Whednesday ye 5th June 1745 This day In ye Goal, 
ye Indians was Exceeding Carefull of me and would 
not Suffer me out of their Sight, nor permit me to 
Speak with any of ye french people Least 1 Should ask 
ym News, or that I Should Endeavour to make my 
Escape, they also told me yt if one of us Should make 
our Escape from ym^ they would kill all ye Rest. I 
observed that they was more Suspicious of me then of 
any of ye Rest, and would not Confide in me So far 
as to trust me to Go to ye fountain alone, which was 
but about a pistol Shot from our quarters, wheras 
any of ye Rest might be Gone from our quarters for 
ye Value of two hours, and not be asked after, and 
Especially Jno Read^ ye Englishman yt was taken 
on Goat Island, yt belonged to Capt Jno Gorhams 
Companey 

Thirsday 6th This Day I had Intiligence by Some 
of ye Neutrel french, that mr Joseph wear my mate, 
and Isaac Prince one of my people, and one Jonathan 
Rich, that Belonged to Capt Sutherland, Master of 
ye other Schooner yt was taken with us. was bought 
out of ye hands of ye Indians by Some of ye Neutrel 



1 He was the son of Jacob Read, and died in captivity Nov. 1, 
1746. He was taken captive May 9, 1745. Norton, How, and Pote. 

30 



The Tote Journal 

french. I was verey Joyful! to hear of their Good 
fortune, and hoped 1 might meet with ye Like Succes. 
at about lo of ye Clock in ye morning Came to our 
Lodgings ye man yt had bought Isaac Prince out of 
ye hands of ye Endians & Isaac with him & told me 
if there was any possibilety for me to be Redeemed 
from ye Endians, 1 might Depend he would do his 
Utmost, Therefore I preposed Terms to my masters. 
But they would by no means Consent, although ye 
man Came up to loo Pistoles for my Redemption, 
But asked me if in Case I Should be willing to Sell 
my Brother to a Stranger for any Consideration. I 
told ym ye Case was Intierly Different, for they 
Could not Suppose me to be as a brother, nor Even 
as friend, they Insisted that I was both, and told me 
it was always their Custom to Use there Prisoners as 
Bretherin and friends, and therefore I must Endeavour 
to Conform my Self to their manners and Customs, 
and for ye futer Suppose my Self Under the Dominion 
of their tribe ye herons, and by no means Pretend to 
Call or Suppose my Self an Englishman, but that I 
Should always be Reconned and Numbred as one of 
their tribe, this I thought was Verey poor Encour- 
agment of my being Delivered quickly out of their 
hands. But Nevertheless I was abliged to Submit 
my Self to ye higher powers, and Subject my Self to 
their Discretion, after I had Discoursed Some time 
with mr Prince and Disiered he would acquaint ye 
Engr mr Bastide, and any of my friends yt had it in 
their power to help forward my Redemption, and 
Returnd ye French man thanks for ye Pains he had 

3' 



The Tote Journal 

taken on my account, they took their Leave of me 
and I never Saw ym afterwards, 

Friday ye 7th This day at about 8 or Nine of ye 
Clock there Came orders yt we must pack up our 
Bagage in order fof our Departure, there Came many 
of ye Neutrei french to take there Leave of ye Indians, 
and wishd yt God might prosper ym in there Voyage, 
and Give them Succes. we Imbarked on board four 
Vessels at a pLace Called Grand Canard.' Viz Goat- 
ease Schooner, and our two Schooners yt was taken 
at anapolis. and a Sloop yt Belonged to one Jacques 
Bomaus one of ye Neutrl French, we Imbarqued at 
about 2 or three of ye Clock in ye afternoon, in order 
to Sail for a place Called quebecet^ about i ^ Leagues 
Distance from menus, ye French General and ye 

1 The River Canard settlement lay to the south-west of Minas, 
and contained about 150 families, of which 50 lived on a point 
of land lying between the River Habitant and the River Canard, 
60 lived on the west side of that river, in a compact village about 
two miles from its mouth ; and 25 more up the river, along the 
banks on both sides, to Penus Mills, which were near the road 
coming from Annapolis to Minas, and distant from Grand Pre 
nine miles. From the mouth of the Canard to the River of the 
Vieux Habitant were settled about 10 families, and four or five 
families more at the River Pero {i. e. Pereaux). All these in- 
habitants had, by this river, a communication by water with the 
Basin of Minas. Some lived in a region contiguous to it. Mor- 
ris, Remarks in Proceedings and Trans, of the Royal Soc. of 
Canada, vol. vi. sect. i. pp. 6^ff. 

- Cobequid. The several settlements in 1748 were as follows : 
On the south side of Cobequid Basin, Petit Riviere, 4 families; 
Vila Noel, 7 families ; Village Robere, 4 families. These were west 
of the Subnaccada (i.e. Shubenacadie). Upon the river Subnac- 

32 



The Tote Journal 

Greater part of his officers Imbarqued on board ye 
Schooner montague. I was put on board Gotease 
Schooner, and ye Greater part of ye prisoners, this 
Night we arrived to a place about 3 Leagus Distance 
from ye Enterance of [the] Crick yt we took our De- 
parture from, where we Came to an anker for yt 
Night 

Saturday ye 8tii This Day we Come to Sail at 
about 4 Clock in ye morning, with a Good Brease 
of wind In our favour, Joseph Gautez master of 
Schooner yt I was on Board of, told me I might 
Depend that he would do all yt Lay in his power for 
Release me from ye Indians and he Believed he Could 
prevail with ym to Sell me, But 1 was Intierly Dis- 
apointed In all ye Schemes I Could project on yt pur- 
pose, for I found It was In Vain to make any trial, 

cada, in two small villages, one near the mouth, on the west side, 
the other on the east side near the confluence of the Shenarack 
River (/. c. Stewiacke River, which falls into the Shubenacadie) 
there were 14 families; eastof Subnaccada,Ville Perce Burke, 8 fam- 
ilies ; Ville Conde, 7 fiimilies (in a later copy 10 families) ; Ville 
Michael Oquin, lofamilies. These were all the families south of 
the Basin in an extent of seven leagues. On the north side of the 
Basin, Ville Jean Domet (Doucet?), 4 families behind Isle Gross ; 
4 families at Point Conomee ; from thence to Ville Jean Burke, 3 
leagues east called Ville Burke, 12 families ; thence one league to 
Cove d'Eglise, where there were 17 families; one half league 
further was the river Chaganois (/. e. Chigonais), where there 
were 15 families. The whole number in Cobequid district was 
142 families. Morris, Remarks. Located in Kitchin's map of 
Nova Scotia, 1749, as " Cobeguit Par." This parish ("la 
Paroise") was centrally situated in Cobequid district, about 
where Truro now stands. 

5 35 



The Tote Journal 

or Dependance Before we Came to Luisbourg or 
Canedy. This Day we arrived To Cebecet^ about 4 
of ye Clock in ye afternoon which was about 15 
Leagues Distance from menus about East, at this 
place ye Neutrel french Came down to ye Shore and 
Saluted ye General and armey with many Irregular 
Volleys of Small armes. after we had Landed there 
was many of our Indians and ye french officers Re- 
ceived with Great acclamations of Joy by ye Neutrel 
french, and Carried with ym to their Church where 
they Sung Te Deum for their happy arrivel. at this 
place there Came one of ye Neutrel french to ye In- 
dians and asked them of their Succes &c. and how 
many Prisoners they had. ye Indians Gave him an 
acount and Shewed him Some of us Prisoners, he 
asked them ye Reason of their Bringing of them alive 
Saying he thought it would have been more Com- 
mendableJn them to have Left their Carcases behind 
them & brought their Skins, at this place we had 
an acount yt ye General had Received Letters from ye 
Governour Masquerin. and hoped they might be of 
Service to us But was Disapointed In our Expectation. 
Sunday ye 9th This Day In ye morning ye French 
and Indians whent to Mass with ye Neutrel French, all 
Except a few of their Number Suficient to Gaurd us 
prisoners and to make preparation for their march, 
after they was Returned from mass there Came 
orders yt we must pack up our Bagage and take our 
Departure, 1 asked my masters how far he Supposed 

1 Cobequid. 
34 



The Tote Journal 

we Should march yt Day. they told [me] but a Small 
Distance and Gave me a Verey Large pack, we Set 
out on our Journey and marched yt Day about three 
Leagues, and arrived to a Small Number of French 
houses,^ where we Stopped and Refreshed our Selves, 
ye Indians told me yt there was no other Inhabitants, 
till we Came to a place Called Togmiguish,^ which 
was about 9 Leagus Distance, therefore they Con- 
cluded to Reside at this place for that night, we 
took up our quarters In a barn where ye Indians 
Charged me to Repose my Self in ye Best manner I 
Could, In order to prepare my Self for ye Next Days 
march, at this Place Came to See me a french man 
Named Chatinif,^ who belonged to ye army, and 
Spook Verey Good English, he Told me his place 
of Residence was at pernobsquett, and yt there was 
many of ye prenobsquet Indians at that Time in ye 
armey. this man was Verey well acquainted in 

1 Here dwelt about twenty families. Morris, Remarks. 

2 it comprised two small settlements with 12 families in 1748. 
Morris, Remarks. The name is spelled in various ways by the ge- 
ographers, sometimes not agreeing in different maps of the same 
atlas. Tatinagouche, Montresor, 1768; Tatamagushe and Tama- 
gouche, Jcfferjjs, 1755, etc.; Tatmegoushe, Atlantic Neptune; 
Tatmagouche, Fadeii's Atlas, 1777; Tatamagouche, Holland's 
Pownall Map, 1776; Tagmegouche, A'. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. 
p. 14; Tatmagush, Pa. Gaz., No. 868. The carrying place be- 
tween Cobequid and Tatmagouche was the cattle road. N. V. 
Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 14. 

3 This name is without doubt Chateauneuf. A French captain 
of the grenadiers, of that name, was mortally wounded at the 
batUe of Ticonderoga, July 8, 1758. N. Y. Col. Docs. 

35 



The Tote Journal 

many parts of New England and asked me after Sev- 
eral men &c. he also Gave me an account of their 
Intentions, and In what manner they Supposed to Go 
to Luisbourg. at this place our Indians killed a 
Sheep and we Liv^ pritty fast, ^ and told me what 
Sumtious Living 1 might Expect when we arrived to 
Canedy. and Boasted Verey much of their Libertyes 
and previledges above any other Nation, and told 
me they was In Subjection to no king nor prince In 
ye Universe, 

Monday ye loth This Day Verey Early in ye 
morning we Began to make preparation for our 
march, ye Indians told me they was designed to 
march that Day, to a place Called Togmiguish which 
was Nine Leagues^ Distance from this place, they 
told me they preposed when we arrived to Togme- 
guish to Imbarque In Vessells and Connews, and that 
Day would be ye Last Days march we Should have, 
they fixed me out with Large pack, and we took our 
Departure at about 5 In ye morning. This Day we 
travelled overhigh mountains,^ and Low Valleys, and 
was Verey much fatigued both Indians and English, 
with ye Extreem heat of ye Sun, yt Beat upon us 
with So much Vehemency, Some of ye Indians ye 
Carried Connews, was almost melted, and obliged to 
Gave out before Night, our Company ot Indians 



1 The words italicized are partially erased in the original manu- 
script. 

2 This is about the distance given in Morris, Remarks. 

3 The Cobequid Mountains, some of whose elevations are over 
1000 feet. 

36 



The Tote Journal 

yt I was with, arrived ye Greater part of us to 
Togmiguish a Little while before Sun Set, but Some 
Gave out and Incamped by ye way, at this place 
there Liv^i an old Gentleman, yt had been a prisoner 
in queen Anns Warin boston, and Spoke VereyGood 
English, ye old Gentleman Seemed Verey kind to me, 
and Gave me a piece of Bread and told me he was 
Verey Sorrey for our misfortune, and wished it was 
in his power to Contribute any thing to our Conso- 
lation 

Tuesday ye nth This Day at Togmequish, ye 
Greatest Part of our Company of Indians, whent Into 
ye woods In order to make Connews, to Carrey us to 
Luisbourg, I was Left behind at ye Camps, where they 
was killing of Cattle and Laying in a Stock of Pro- 
vissions, for our Voyage, there manner of Curing 
meate that they Design to keep any Considerable 
time, is to Cut it in Large fletches, and Lay it over ye 
fire, till it is So Smoakedryed, and Rosted, yt one 
Cannot perceive any manner of moister in it, more 
then in a Chip, this is ye Custom of both french. and 
Indians, when they Design to Carrey their provisions 
any Considerable Distance 

Whenesdayye 12th This Day there arrived a man 
from Luisbourg yt had been but twelve days in his 
passage, and brought Letters to ye General of our 
armey, to make all possible Dispatch to their assis- 
tance at Luisbourg, and Likwise Gave him Informa- 
tion, yt ye English had made Great progress, and 
met with Great Succes, this News was Intierly Con- 
cealed from ye Indians, and turned to quite ye Re- 

37 






The Tote Journal 

verse, By ye French officers, to Encourage ye Indians 
to Continue on their Voyage, with Eagerness, in Ex- 
pectation of Great Booty of ye Spoil of ye English, 
which they Supposed to Vanquish Intierly. at their 
arrivel toLuisbourg, and ye News passd Curant in all 
ye Camps of ye Indians, yt there was a french Fleet 
arrived to Luisbourg, and had Intierly Cut off all our 
Shiping, and Destroyed ye Greater part of ye Land 
armey, and ye Small Number yt Remained of them, 
had fled Into ye woods Some Distance from Luis- 
bourg and in Great Distress, having Nothing to Sub- 
sist on. this many of ye Indians Told me in Disdain, 
and asked me what 1 thought of our armey at Luis- 
bourg, & whether I had any hopes of their taking of 
it at this time, and many other Such Ridiculous ques- 
tions, all this 1 Regarded as Trifles, and observed ye 
Countenance of ye french officers, which 1 Conceited 
Seemed to Denote Somthing otherwise, then what 
ye Endians had told me, although when they was 
amongst ye Indians, they put on a Chearfull Conte- 
nance to Incourage them, but as I had nothing Else 
to Imploy my Self with, of any Considerable Conse- 
quence but Inspect into their actions, 1 made a Re- 
mark, yt ye French officers I Could often See Setting 
togather, and talking So Seriously, and with So much 
Concern, that I was fully persuaded In my mind, that 
they had Given ye Indians wrong Informatio[n] 

Thirsday 13th This Day all ye armey Exceeding 
Buisey making preparation for our Voyage to Luis- 
bourg, ye Indians Imployed in making Connews and 
paddles &c. and ye French In Transporting of their 

38 



The Tote Journal 

Bagage, and all yt was heavey Carrige on board of the 
Vessels this Day there Came many horses Loaden 
with Provissions from Quebecet, Viz meal Flower 
meat and Biskett and Liquor &c. the french officers, 
Seemed Exceeding Urgent to make all possible Dis- 
patch, and Desired ye Indians would be as Expedi- 
tious as possible, in finishing their Connews and all 
their Utensiels that was Necesserey for our Voyage, 
1 was pretty much Dissattisfied. and Impatient to 
hear ye truth of ye News Concerning our forces at 
Luisbourg, and Endeavoured by all possble means to 
Inform my Self of it. there was a man in ye armey 
yt Belonged to Luisbourg an officer, him 1 observed 
In perticuler above any of ye Rest, In Expectation 
yt as he was an Inhabitant there, he would be touched 
more Sensibly then any of ye others, Either with Sor- 
row or Joy. according as ye News in Reality was. and 
Seeing this man walking with another officer, and 
talking Verey Seriously, and with a Great Deal of 
Concern 1 had a Great Desire, to know ye Substance 
of their Discourse, and for yt purpose throed my Self 
in their way, as though 1 had been Gathering of Stiks 
for ye fire, and placed my Selfjin Such a possition, 
that I Could hear ye whole of their Discours, and as 
they passed 1 heard this Gentleman bemoaning him- 
self, and Said if his aged father and mother was not 
there, his Concern would be nothing in Comparison 
to what it then was, this 1 thought was a plain Con- 
firmation to my opinion, and being fully Sattisfied in 
my mind yt ye Inglish had ye Better 1 Returned to our 
Camp, and when I Saw a Convenient oppertunity, I 

39 



The Vote journal 

Divulged my mind To my Companions, and Related 
to ym the observations I had made 

Fryday ye 14th This Day In ye morning there Came 
orders yt we must pack up our Bagage. and take our 
Departure for Luisbourg, ye Greater part of ye Canedy 
Indians Imbarked In Connev^s made of Bark, Some 
of Elm and Sum wite ash, and So Large yt Sum of 
them, would carrey verey Comfortably fourteen men, 
and their Bagage So yt all of them Could paddle, or 
Row, without Discommoding Each other In ye Least, 
ye Micmack Indians, Viz those yt Lives Round ye Bay 
of fondy, and on Cape Sable Shore, Imbarqued ye 
Greater part In two Shallops, and ye French on Board 
two Vessells, a Sloop and a Schooner, all Excepting 
about thirty, that had Gon Before us as Spies, and a 
few of ye French officers, and their priest, which was 
with ye Canedy Indians, us prisoners was Chiefly 
with our Respective masters, we that was Imbarqued 
In Connews, took our Departure from Togmiguish 
Before those on board ye Vessells Came to Sail, after 
we had paddled about two or three Leagus we had 
Intiligence, yt Some of ye Vessells had Ran aground. 
Therefore they Concluded it was best for us to Go on 
Shore, and Stop for ye General, which we Did. and 
Stop there that Night. 

Saturday ye i 5th of June 1745 This Day Early In 
ye morning we began to make preperation for our 
Departure, ye place where we Incamped was in a 
Sandy Cove, behind a point of Land yt Sheltered us 
from ye Sea, they Supposed it most Convenient for 
us, to be as Expeditious as possible, and make ye best 

40 



The Tote Journal 

our way, as we was in Connews, and Could Go but 
Slowly we Imbarqued Verey Early in ye morning, In 
Expectation ye General and those behind us would 
Soon overtake us, as Soon as we where Imbarqued 
and turned ye point, we saw three Sail of Sloops^ but 
a Small Distance from us, yt made Directly for us, 
there was Great Disputing amongst them. Some Sd 
they was French Vessells bound for Luisbourg with 
Provissions, and others they was English, my Indian 
Master asked me my opinion of yiy I told him I Could 
not Tell what they was. But I Believed they was 
English, and I thought I knew one of them, which 
was Capt Donhahews Sloop, we Continued our 
Course along Shore, about 200 of us in Companey. 
and brougt ye Sloops to Bear almost a Stern of us, 
one of ye Sloops Changed her Course and Stood 

1 Capt. David Donahew's version of this exploit, taken from 
his letter dated "Canso Passage, June 26," is printed in the Pa. 
Gazette, No. 868, for Aug. i, 1745. It is given below for the 
sake of comparison. Drake in his Fr. and hid. IVar, p. 66, does 
not quote it correctly. He, and historians generally, are mis- 
taken as to the place where this engagement took place. Doug- 
lass calls the place "Asmacouse," and Donahew "Askmacouse 
Harbour." 

"On the 15th Instant [June, 1745], in Askmacouse Harbour, 
up the Bay [Tatmagouche Bay], my Luck was to meet with two 
Sloops and two Schooners, and an unaccountable Number of In- 
dian Canoes. At Six the same Morning the Captains Becket [or 
Beckwith] and Fones [Daniel Fones], who were consorted with 
me, being to Leward, saw some Smoke, which they pursued, 
and soon lost Sight of me. I pursued my Chase, and at Ten 
o'clock came up with and fired at them, they strove to decoy 
and catch me in Shoal Water, which I soon perceived, and I ac- 
6 41 



The Tote Journal 

towards ye General, who was then about two Leagus 
a Stern of us. ye other two stood for us, and over- 
hailed us Considerably, we Discerned their Colours 
verey plain, and Saw they was under french Coleurs, 
this Encouraged ye Endians verey much, and they 
Concluded they was Canedy Sloops bound for Luis- 
bourg, but I was fully perswaeded to ye Contrary, 
and Told them I beleived they would find themselves 
mistaken, we was abliged to keep ye Shore on Bord 
In our Connews. and In Going Round a Large Cove 
the Sloops Shott a head of us, & Stood In by a point, 
So that we Could not Continue on our Course, with- 
out their Speaking with us by an[y] means, this put 
them on Consideration, what was best to be done. 
Some Concluded it was best for us to Continue on 
our Course, others to Go on Shore ye Sloops Seeing 

cordingly stood away from the Shore, they being a Thousand in 
Number, and 1 but forty odd ; we spoke to each other for two 
Hours and a half; they knowing my Name, they desired me to 
make ready my Fast for them, and I telling the Cowards they 
were afraid to row up ; the Weather start calm ; as they came to 
Hand 1 killed, but the Number 1 know not; I fired two Hundred 
four Pounders, double Round and Partridge, fifty three Pounders, 
my Swivel and Small Arms continually playing on them. My 
Stern, by Force of firing, is down to the Water Edge, Round- 
House all to Pieces, but bold hearted ; had it not been so calm 
I should have done as I would, but not one Breath of Wind, and 
they rowing all round me both Head and Stern ; but Capt. Becket 
and Capt. Fones appearing in Sight, they retreated and run into 
Shoal Water, 1 followed them within Pistol Shot till I ran 
aground ; but blessed be God, have got safe off. This was the 
Army that besieged Annapolis, and was ordered to assist Louis- 
bourg, but their Design is prevented." 

42 



The Tote Journal 

of us Gathered Togather after Such a manner, and 
Concluded we would not Continue on our Course, 
put about and Stood Towards us, and Signified they 
had a mind to Speak with us, which they Presently 
Did, for they Seeing we would by no means pass by 
them, and they being Verey Near us, Down Comes 
ye French Colours on one Side, and up ye English on 
ye other, and knocked open their portes. and almost 
In ye Twinkling of an Eye, they Gave us three or four 
Cannon, ye Shott Came Exceeding Near us, that 
made ye water of a foam In ye middle of us. the En- 
dians Seeing this there was a Great Confusion 
amongst them, he was ye Best man yt Could Get on 
Shore first, ye Bullets Continued flying amongst us, 
but by bad fortune they all Escaped Safe on Shore, 
and Never a man hurt, we hailed our Connews up 
behind a Sea wall, ye Sloops Stood Near ye Shore and 
Came to an anker, and fiered Verey Briskly upon us, 
But we being Behind ye Sea wall it was to no pur- 
pose, for as Soon as they Saw ye Flash of a Cannon 
they Tumbled, as quick as though they had been 
Shoot Down, ye Indians Lay Scatered along Shore 
Some Considerable Distance, and to Shew there 
Great Courage, would Somtimes Crawl from behind 
ye Sea wall, and hoop and Yell, and make ye most 
hellish Noise that is possible to proceed from humain 
Creatures, at Length there Came a ball, that passed 
through one of their Bodys and Carried part of his 
powder horn, that hung by his Side with it. the Sloop 
yt Stood back for ye General, and those that was 
behind us, began to fire Verey briskly ye Indians 

43 



The Tote Journal 

began to [be] much Concerned for ye General, and 
Sent messengers Back by Land to Inspect how affairs 
Stood, who Returned in a Verey Short time, and 
Gave Inteligence, that they would Soon Take ye pri- 
vatear, if they had a few Cannon But Nevertheless if 
it Continued Calm, they would Soon take her with 
Small armes, for they was then In Chase of her with 
all four of their Vessells, and Intend to board her. ye 
two Sloops that was with us, hearing ye Continual 
fireing Come to Sail, and made all possible Expede- 
tion to ye others assistance, as Soon as they Saw ye 
Sloops make towards ye General, ye French officers 
that was with us, and Likwise ye Indians Changed 
their Countenances and Exactly Imetated Belteshazer 
ye Great king of Babylon and Said one to another, 
that they was verey much Concerned at what they 
feared would be ye Event, for they was Sensible there 
would be much Blood Shed, if they was not all De- 
stroyed, as Soon as ye French General Saw ye other 
two Sloops, he Gave orders to make for ye Shore 
with all possible Expedition, the Sloops Gave Chase 
and followed them, Verey Clost but by ye help of 
their oars they made their Escape, and arrived Safe 
Into their Lurking place, a Small Crick where ye 
Sloops Could not follow, ye Sloops followed Clost In 
to ye mouth of ye Crick, and Came to an anker, So 
that they Could by no means Come out. When we 
Saw ye Course was Clear we Embarqued In our Con- 
news. In order to Return To Togmiguish, In Ex- 
pectation ye General and all yt was with him, was 
Either Taken or killed, when we Came in Sight of 

44 



The Tote Journal 

ye Harbour, we found ye Three Sail of Privetears, 
where Come to anker In ye Entrance, and we Could 
not by any means pass, without being Exposed to 
ye Danger of their Cannon, and we was abliged to 
Go Round to another place and Transport our Con- 
news by Land Into ye harbour, this Night we In- 
camped at ye head of a Small Crick, and Could not 
arrive To Togmeguish, nor hear any News from ye 
General, this Night 1 Sought for an oppertunity to 
make my Escape, but ye Indians kept So Good a 
watch, I found it would be but Imprudent to make 
ye attempt. 

Sunday ye i6 This Day Early in ye Morning, we 
began to Transport our Connews, and bagage over 
ye Land about a League, Into ye harbour of Togme- 
guish. we had Inteligence that ye General, and all 
that was with him, was well, and yt Never a man 
was hurt, in all ye Engagement, Nor Never a Shott 
hit one of their Vessells. this News filled ye hearts of 
all ye French, and Indians with joy, but I Did not be- 
lieve it was possible, when ye Engagement Continued 
from about 9 of ye Clock In ye morning till 4 In ye 
Afternoon, we arriv^ To ye Place where ye General 
was, about Ten of [the] Clock in ye forenoon, where 
they had hailed all four of their Vessells ashore in a 
Crick, and Incamped by them, I Discoursed with 
Some of ye Prisoners, that had been on board ye 
French Vessells in ye Engagement, who Gave me a 
Regular account, of what had passed on bord and 
Told me there was not a man, killed nor Wounded. 
This Day we was Imployed in making preparation 

45 



The Tote Journal 

for our Lodgings &c, and many of ye Indians and 
french Disputing what was ye mostpurdent Meathod, 
they Could take to Commence their Second attempt 
for Luisbourg 

Monday ye 17 This Day ye French and Indians 
Verey Buisy In Situating our Selves, in the most 
Commodious manner, to Defend themselves In Case 
ye English Landed. This Day we had Inteligence, 
there was another Sloop arrived, and Come to an 
anker with ye other three 

Tuesday ye i8th This Day ye French and Indians 
Imployed In falling Trees Round their Camps. In 
Expectation of ye English, Comming to attack ym on 
Shore, there was also Spies from our Camps, Con- 
tinually passing and Repassing, to Inspect weither 
there was any Danger of their Landing, to attack ym. 
which the French and Indians told me they wished 
they would attempt & I Should Soon have more of 
my Countrymen, In there Camps with me for Com- 
pany 

Whednesday ye 19th This Day we had an account, 
that ye English Vessells was augmented to ye Num- 
ber of five or Six, and they Began to be Concerned, 
and affraid they Should be Intierly obstructed. In their 
Voyage To Luisbourg 

Thirsday ye 20th This day ye General Sent for ye 
heads of our Camps of Indians, to Come to their 
Counsell, that was then held at ye Generals Camp, 
and told ym they preposed to make a Second attempt 
for Luisbourg, and In what manner he preposed, to 
take their Departure and not be mistrusted, by ye 

46 



The Tote Journal 

English Privatears. Viz, yt he Designed To take their 
Departure, a Little after Dark In Connews, and that 
he Should Imploy, three or four of ye Neutrel french 
To be Continually Stirring ye fire, in all parts of ye 
Camps, yt they might Therby amuse ye English, and 
make them believe they was at ye Camps, and in ye 
mean time Paddle Easseyly under ye Shore, and 
Slip by ye privetears without being Discovered, the 
herons and Sum of ye Ebeniqui Indians^ would 
not Consent, to Go to Luisbourg by any means, 
but Told ye General, as they had already made an 
attempt, and had been obstructed, they Insisted on 
Going to Canedy. ye General Used many arguments 
But Could not prevail with them, to Go to Luisburg 
by any means, when ye Indians had Returned to our 
Camps, they Gave me an account of what had passed, 
and Told me to acquaint my Commerads, that we 
Should Commence our Jorney, for Canedy that day, 
and by no means to make our Selves any ways un- 
easey or Disconted,^ for It was ye Best thing that 
Could happen, for us to Go to Canedy. for Several 
Reasons, one was, that if in Case they whent to Luis- 
bourg. and ye English was like to have ye Better of 
them, it was Verey probable they Should knock us 
in head, and take of [f] our Scalps, which they told 
me, was often their Custom, when they was persued 
by ye English yt their prisoners might be no hin- 

1 There is an indifferent account of these Indians by Rev. 
Eugene Vetromile, entitled The Abnakis and their History; Or 
Historical Notices on the Aborigines of Acadia. New York, 1866. 

2 Discontented. 

47 



The Tote Journal 

drance to them in their flight, at about Noon we Set 
out on our Journey, for ye Bay Verd ^ about 70 In 
Companey. This day we travelled over a Great Deal 
of Rough and bad Travelling and over marshes and 
Cricks, and flatts &c. Somtimes almost up to our 
middles, in mud and water, we travelled about four 
Leagues and Incamped by ye Side of a Large marsh, 

Friday 21st This Day we Travelled, Chiefly along 
Shore over Clefts of Rocks, Sands &c. this Day we 
was Exceeding hungrey. and little or Nothing to Eat. 
we was obliged to take the Bark off birtch Trees, 
and Scrape ye Inside of it, with our knives and Eat it 
for our Subsistance. this Night we arrived to a place, 
where we found a few Clambs, and Catched a few 
Small fishes, this Day we marched about 9 Leagues 
and Incamped by ye Sea Side. 

Saturday ye 22^ This Day my Indian master Gave 
me a Small Cake, In ye morning before we began our 
march, and told me I must Expect to march that 
morning Verey fast, by Reason we was to pass over 
a Crick yt was In our way, and he Expected we 
Should be obstructed by ye Tide, if we was not Verey 
Expeditious when we Came to ye Crick which was 
about 8 In ye morning, we found ye watter almost up 
to our Chins, and Some was abliged to Swim, this 
Day at 12 of ye Clock, my master Gave me for my 
Dinner, about one third part of Dryed Eall. which 

1 Bay Verte or Green Bay. " No Vessel above 80 Tons Even 
attempts to come Nearer than 9 miles " to the shore. Nova 
Scotia Papers in Samuel Adams Papers, 1777^ in the Lenox 
Library. 

48 



The Tote Journal 

Seemed to be at that time ye Sweetest morsel, yt Ever 
I Tasted in ye whole Course of my Life, this Day we 
arrived to ye Bay Verd, at about 6 at Night, we was 
Verey much Fatigued, with our days march, both 
Indians and English, having Travelled, 7 Leagues over 
Extaordinary [sic] bad Travelling, we was that day 
abliged Several Times, to help one another out of ye 
mud. This Night ye french people at ye Bay Verd, 
Gave me Somthing to Eat and Some Tabacoe &c. 

Sunday ye 23d This Day there Came one of ye 
Neutrel French an Inhabitant at ye Bay Verd, Named 
Morrise and told me. he would Endeavour to pur- 
chase me out of ye hands of ye Indians, if he was 
able, but he pleaded poverty, and Told me he would 
Send to his Brother, yt Livd at bon Basan, and he 
made no Doubt, But he would purchase, my Re- 
demtion if there was any possibillety. we Took our 
Departure, at about 6 in ye morng for bon Basan ^ 
being Exceeding Short of Provisions, when we arrived 
we found Provissions, Exceeding Scarce and Dear. 
This Day we travelled about 6 Leagus. and Incamped, 
at Secconnectau Near ye mass House. 



1 Beaubassin or Chignecto. Pote says "Seconnectaus, alias bon 
basan." Some of the old atlases confuse by giving two places, 
Beaubassin, and, considerably to the south of it, " Seganecto," 
" Chianecto," and other spellings. Sheganektoo, A'. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. V. p. 592 ; Sheganectoo, in Popple. Beaubassin 
was one of the three most populous places in Nova Scotia. The 
French had a wooden fort there, which, in 1747, was garrisoned 
with 25 men. Its Indian name was Messagouche, and it was 
situated on the River Misiquas, at the head of Chignecto Bay. 

7 49 



The Tote Journal 

Monday ye 24th This Day our Indians preparing 
Provissions Necesserey. for our Jorney and many mat- 
terials. they Gave me an account of ye Rivers and 
ponds, we Should meet with In our way, and In how 
Long a time they Supposed we Should Be marching 
to Canedy ^ &c. Many of ye Neutrel french Came to 
See us, but None yt I had been acquainted with 

Tuesday ye 25th This Day the Indians Called a 
Counsell, to Consider, wether it was most Convenient 
To Go to ye River of Saint Johns," In ye Schooner 
montague, that I was taken in. and was then at that 
place, or wether it was best for us to Go by Land, 
after many Disputes amongst ym they Concluded it 
was best to Go by Land, ye Indians yt I belonged to. 
after they had Drawn up a Conclusion amongst them- 

In April, 1750, the French, under Sieur De la Come, set fire to 
the town, and in the summer of that year Major Charles Law- 
rence erected a fort near its site, which was called after him 
Fort Lawrence. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. vi. pp. 835, 954; x. 
pp. 4, 1 1, 216, 282. Compare also the maps of Montresor, 1768; 
Kitchin, 1749, \n London Magapne ; D'Anville, and the plan in 
Mante, History of the Late IVar, 1772. 

1 The western and most common passage from Beaubassin to 
Quebec was by way of the Petitcodiac River to the St. Johns and 
Trois Pistole or Spey River into the St. Lawrence. Expresses 
had been known to reach Qiiebec in this way in seven days, 
and most of the grown people had gone that route to the Bishop 
for confirmation. Morris, Remarks. 

2 For a description of this river and of the face of the country, 
as well as a view of the Great Falls, see Bouchette, British Do- 
minions in North America, vol. ii. Its Indian name was Loosh- 
took. Called in Jefferys' map, in his French Dom., Wigudi, 
Clyde, or St. Johns R. 

50 



The Tote fournal 

selvs, they Explaind ye affair to me. at which I told 
them I was Verey Sorrow, for 1 Dreaded ye Thoughts 
of Travelling by Land, as I had already Experienced 
So much of ye Difficulty therof 

ye 26th Whensday This Day the Schooner mon- 
tague, Sailed for ye River of Saint Johns, there 
was on board of her Several prisoners. Viz ye master 
of ye Schooner yt was taken with us at anapolis.^ 
and one of his people, and two of my people and a 
Considerable Number of ye Ebenacqui Indians. 1 was 
Verey Earnest with ye Indians yt I Belonged with, to 
Go with ym but Could not prevail. This Day all 
hands making preparation for our Departure. 

Thirsday 27th This Day we Imbarqued, on Board 
of a Small Schooner. Belonging to one of ye Neutrel 
french Named, Jacques Bomaus, who was bound 
with his family, Towards ye River of Saint Johns this 
man Spoke Verey Good English, and Told me the 
Neutrel french was Verey much affraid of ye English, 
and Expected they would Come upon them, and Cut 
them off, and asked me my opinion of that affair &c. 
I Told him there was no manner of Danger of their 
mollesting of them in ye Least, In Case they Behaved 
themselves In a proper manner, and Did not assist 
and Encourage our Enimies to Come upon us In a Clan- 
destine manner, he told me he was then moving of his 
family, on ye account of ye Fear and Dread, they had 
of ye English making an Incurtion upon them, this 
man Gave me a Dram, which was ye first time I had 



1 James Sutherland, of the schooner Seaflower. 
51 



The Tote Journal 

Drank anything Stronger then Small bear Since I was 
taken This Day we Saild about Eleven or Twelve 
Leagus from Seconnectaus, alias bon bason ye Indians 
whent on Shore In order to Incamp on ye Shore this 
Night, but for what Reason I Cannot Tell, they 
would not Trust to Lay on Shore but Came on board 
after we was Laid down to Repose our Selves and 
kept and Exceeding Good watch aboard all Night. I 
beleive they Conceited ye master of ye Vessell, and I 
Because he Spoke Good English, had plotted Togather 
for us to make our Escape 

Friday ye 28th This Day whent up a River about 6 
Leagues To a Carrying place, Some in Connews and 
others By Land, there was Seven or Eight of us 
whent By Land, whereof I was one of them, we 
marched By Several french houses by ye Side of ye 
River, and Stopped at a mans house. Named bon 
Soliel,^ this man Treated me, with much Cevility, 
and Gave me Some Victuals & a Dram, and Some 
Tabacoe, and acquainted me that his house, was ye 
Last french house I Should meet with, Till I arrived 
to ye River of Saint Johns, we arrived to ye Carrying 

1 Joseph Brosard, called Beausoleil. He was one of twelve who 
were outlawed by Gov. Shirley for being guilty of high treason 
with the enemy. Twice within the space of two years the In- 
dians, led on by this Acadian, attacked Dartmouth, near Halifax, 
and put many people to death. The town of Halifax was pali- 
saded to prevent their irruptions, and no one was safe who ven- 
tured a mile from the town. A block-house and a line of pali- 
sadoes with guard-houses were erected to prevent their incursions. 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol.x. p. 155 ; Coll. of Nova Scotia Hist.Soc, 
vol. ii. p. 151. 

52 



The Tote Journal 

place, about 5 In ye afternoon, and was Verey much 
fatigued with our Days march, having marched ye 
Greater part of ye way, over hills and mountains 
through ye woods where there was no path, this 
Night I had plotted with one Jacob, an Indian fellow, 
ye [sic] formerly Belonged to Captjno Gorhams Com- 
pany, to Endeavour to make our Escape. But ye In- 
dians being Sensible, it was a Convenient place for 
that purpose, whent before Night, and Carried ye Con- 
news Into ye woods and hid them, which Intierly 
Disappointed us In our Scheme 

Saturday ye 29th This Day we took our Departure, 
Early in ye morning for a place Called pettcochack^ a 
River yt Led into ye River of Saint Johns my master 
Told me, I must Carrey a Large pack yt Day, by Rea- 
son we had ye Connews To Carrey with us. we 
arrived to ye River Petcochack a Little Before Sun 
Down. This Day we Travelled about Six Leagus, 
over much Rough and muddy Travelling 



1 The Petitcodiac was navigable for canoes at least fifty miles, 
and was connected with the R. Jedemweigt, apparently the pres- 
ent Washedamoak, by a carrying place. The French called it 
Petit Coude (Little elbow), and it is frequently called Pettycoat- 
jack by the inhabitants. A^. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 358. It is 
spelled variously on the maps and in the documents. Patcooty- 
cak, Morris, Remarks; Patcootyeak, map in Huske, Present State 
ofN.A., 2ded., 1755 ; Petquecheck, Amer. Militarj' Pocket Atlas, 
Holland's Pownall map, 1776, and Jefferys' map in his French 
Dominions; Petcudiac, Atlantic Neptune; Pechequec, Faden's 
Atlas, 1777, and Jefferys' A'. A. Atlas; Pitcoudiac, Montresor's 
map, 1768. In the map of Charles Morris it is joined directly 
with the St. Johns by a carrying place ; but this is incorrect. 

53 



The Tote Journal 

ye 30th Sunday This Day In ye morning we had 
Intilligence yt there was a priest from ye River of 
Saint Johns, Expected to arrive at this place In a few 
minuts, ye Indians made Great preparatio[n] for his 
Reception, and at his arrival Shewed many Sym- 
tomes, of their Great Respect, ye Priest was Con- 
ducted to ye Captains Camp, where after having 
passed many Complemts, the Priest asked ye Capt 
of ye Indians who I was, and when he Understood I 
was a prisoner, he asked me if I could Speak french, 
I told him a Little, and asked him Concerning one 
Jonathan^ a Soldier, yt was a passenger on board of 
our Schooner, when we was taken, and was then at 
ye River of Saint Johns . ye Priest Gave me an account 
of him , and told me to Content my Self In ye Condition 
yt I was then In, for I was in ye hands of a Christian 
Nation, and it might prove verey Beneficial, both to 
my Body & Soul. I was abliged [to] Concur with 
his Sentiments, for fear of Displeasing my masters, 
ye Indians Built him a Table against a Large Tree. 
where he Said mass, and Sung {louange au bon 
Dieu pour leur Conservation Jusqu'au present} after 
they had Concluded their mass &c. ye Priest Gave 
them Permission to Commence their making Con- 
news, and Took his Leave of us, This Day we was 
Imployed In making Connews of Elm and ash Bark 

July ye I St I -745 Monday This Day at about Eleaven 
of ye Clock, we Finnished our Connews. and Im- 
barqued for ye River of St Johns, there was Seven 

1 Jonathan Donham or Dunham. 
54 



The Tote Journal 

Connews of us In all. I asked my Master how far 
he Supposed it was to St Johns Rr he told me he 
Supposed it about 25 Leagus. This Night we In- 
camped by ye Side of ye River Petcochack 

2d Tuesday 1745 This Day was foul weather ye 
Greatest part of ye Day, and Likwise verey bad Pad- 
dling, on account of Ripplings and falls &c. So yt 
we made no Great progress, this Night we Incamped 
by ye Side of ye River, we had much Difficulty to 
kindle a fire, by Reason it Rained Exceeding fast, and 
wet our fire works, we was abliged to turn our Con- 
news bottem up, and Lay Under them, at this time 
it thundred Exceedingly, and ye Indians asked me if 
there was not people In my Countrey, Somtimes Dis- 
troyed by ye Thunder and Lightning yes I told ym I 
had known Several Instances of that Nature, they 
Told me yt Never any thing hapned to ye Indians, 
of harm Neither by thunder nor Lightning, and 
they Sd it was a Judgment on ye English, and French, 
for Incroaching on their Libertys In America. 

Whednesday ye 3d of July 1745 This Day Good 
weather, and Tollerable Good Paddling, we made out 
I Computed about ten or Eleven Leagus, this Night 
we Incampd by ye Side of y^ River Petcochack 

Thirsday ye 4th This Day we had Indifferent Good 
paddling our Indians Exceeding merey, Singing and 
hooping &c. This Day they asked me to hoop as 
they Did, I told them I Could not Therefore they 
Constrained me to Sing. This Night we Incamped 
by ye Side of ye River, and Caught Some Small Fish, 
which I made an attempt to Clean but they would not 

55 



The Tote Journal 

permit me, nor Suffer me to wash Some that I had al- 
ready Gutted, but Took ym from me, and boilled y^ 
as they where. Slime and Blood and all Togather, 
This put me in mind of ye old Proverb, God Sent 
meat and ye D — 1 Cooks ^ 

Friday 5 arrived this Day to ye River of St Johns 
about Ten in ye morning, and had made out our Com- 
mon Course in ye River petcochack about WSW, and 
our Distance about 26 Leagues acording to ye Best 
Computation I Could make This River Comes into 
ye Riverof St Johns about 27 Leagus^ above ye falls ^. 
This Day about 5 in ye afternoon we Saw a Sail Stand- 
ing towards us Down ye River, ye Indians was verey 
fearfull to pass, fearing it Should Be an Inglish Ves- 
sell we kept Clost by ye Shore, and when we Came 
abrest of her, we found her a Small french Sloop 
bound with a man and his wife down ye River, Nev- 
ertheless ye Indians would by no means trust ym but 
kept their Guns Cocked to their Faces, and Presented 
at ye Sloop, till we Came along Side of her, this Night 
we arrived to a Spanierd house ^ by ye Side of St Johns 
River and Incampd this Spanierd Spoke Exceeding 



1 "God sent meat, and the devil sent cooks." — Taylor, Works, 
1630, pt. ii. 85. See also Bartlett, Familiar Quotations ; Hazlitt, 
English Proverbs, p. 145. 

2 The Petitcodiac River was connected with the River Jedem- 
weigt by a carrying place. It was this latter river which 
emptied into the St. John. Compare Jefferys' Map of Nova 
Scotia, in his French Dominions. 

3 The falls near the city of St. John. 

4 He may have resided atjemseg. 

56 



The Tote Journal 

Good Inglish, and Told me he had Sailed out of Bos- 
ton Some Years. 

Saturday ye 6th This Day In ye Morning our In- 
dians had much Difficulty, to prevail with ye Span- 
iard to Sell ym his Connew. This Day we passed 
by Several french houses,^ and Some we Stoped at 
for provissions, but they was Exceeding poor and 
Could not Supply us with any, this Night we arrived 
to an Indian Village, Called apoge,^ where we found 
ye Schooner montague was arrived with ye other 
prissoners Some Days before us, at this place ye 
Squaws Came down to ye Edge of ye River, Dancing 
and Behaving themselves, in ye most Brutish and In- 
decent manner yt is possible for humain kind, and 
taking us prisoners by ye armes, one Squaw on Each 
Side of a prisoner, they Led us up to their Village 
and placed themselves In a Large Circle Round us, 
after they had Gat all prepared for their Dance, they 
made us Set Down In a Small Circle, about i8 Inches 
assunder and began their frolick. Dancing Round us 

1 There are some "French houses" located between Jemseg 
and Naxoat on the River St. John, in Jefferys' map in his 
French Dom. 

2 This Indian village was probably situated a little above Nax- 
oat, on the west bank of the River St. John. Naxoat was op- 
posite what is now Fredericton. The early maps are a mass of 
incongruities. Jefferys spells it Ougpauk in his Map of Nova 
Scotia in Fr. Darn., and Ocpack in his N. A. Atlas; Montresor's 
Map of N. S., 1768, locates "Ocpack" at the head of "Lake 
Frenuse, " now Grand Lake; Oepack, in Holland's Pownall map, 
and Hokepack in Maillard, Account of the Mickmakis, 175^, 
p. 84. 

8 57 



The Tote Journal 

and Striking of us in ye face with English Scalps, yt' 
Caused ye Blood to Issue from our mouths and Noses, 
In a Verey Great and plentifull manner, and Tangled 
their hands in our hair, and knocked our heads 
Togather with all their Strength and Vehemence, and 
when they was Tired of this Exercise, they would 
take us by [the] hair and Some by ye Ears, and Stand- 
ing behind us, ablige us to keep our Necks Strong So 
as to bear their weight, then Raise themselves, their 
feet off ye Ground and their weight hanging by our 
hair & Ears, In this manner, they thumped us In ye 
Back and Sides, with their knees and feet, and 
Twitchd our hair and Ears to Such a Degree, that I 
am Incapable to Express it, and ye others that was 
Dancing Round if they Saw any man falter, and did 
not hold up his Neck, they Dached^ ye Scalps In our 
faces with Such Violence, yt Every man Endeavoured 
to bear them hanging by their hair in this manner, 
Rather then to have a Double Punishment, after they 
had finished their frolick, that Lasted nbout two hours 
and an half, we was Carried to one of their Camps, 
where we Saw Some of ye Prisoners that Came in 
ye montague, at this place we Incamped yt Night 
with hungrey Belleys. 40 L from ye Entrance W 
N W by our Computation 

Sunday ye 7th This Day we was Informed, and 
found we had Suficient Reason to Confide In ye In- 
formation, That they held a Counsell amongst ym 
weather they Should put us to Death, and ye Saint 

1 Dashed. 
58 



Tbe Tote Journal 

Johns Indians* almost Gaind ye point for tliey In- 
sisted it was but Justice, as they Sd there had been 
Several of their Tribe, murdered by Capt John Gor- 
ham at anapolis. our masters being Verey Desireous 
to Save us alive, Used all ye arguments In their 
power for that purpose but Could not prevail, for 
they Insisted on Satisfaction, howsoever our masters 
prevailed So far with ym, as to take Some Consider- 
able quantity of their most Valuable Goods, and Spare 
our Lives, this Day they Gave us Some Boilld Salmon 
which we Eat with a Verey Good appetite, without 
Either Salt or Bread, we Incampd this Night at this 
afforsaid Indian Village Apog. 

Monday ye 8th This Day In ye Morning ye herons 
began to Make preparation for their Departure up ye 
River of Saint Johns, at about Ten In ye morning we 
Imbarqued and Left those yt Came In ye Schooner 
montague at Apog making Birtch Connews &c this 
Day we meet with much falling water &c, one of our 
Indians Called Jacob a prisoner yt formerly Belong^ to 
Capt John Gorhams Company and was taken on Goat 
Island, was Exceedingly out of order and Could not 
assist ye Indians to paddle against ye Strong Current, 
yt Ran against us ye Greater part of ye Day, his head 
was So Exceedingly Swelled, with ye Squaws beat- 
ting of him, yt he Could Scearsly See out of his Eyes. 

1 War had been declared against the St. John's Indians in Oc- 
tober, 1744. Peace was not settled with them until October, 
1749, when the last treaty of Diimmer, with some additions, 
was renewed. Hutchinson, Mass., vol. ii. (1767) p. 430; 
Drake, Fr. and Ind. War, pp. 61, 176. 

59 



The Tote Journal 

I had ye Good fortune to be almost well In Compari- 
son to what he was, although it was he and 1 was 
Companions, and Sat Next to Each other. In ye Time 
of their Dance, and him they alwas took for my 
partner to knock our heads Togather ye Indians asked 
me In what Manner ye Squaws treated us, that his 
head was So Exceedingly SwelJd 1 Gave them an ac- 
count, at which they feigned themselves much Dis- 
gusted, and protested they was Intierly Ignorant of 
ye affair, and Said they thought ye Squaws Design^ 
Nothing Else, but only to Dance round us for a Little 
Diversion, without moilisting or hurting of us In any 
manner, this Night we Incampd by ye Side of ye 
River Saint Johns, our Indians Showd me a Root, yt 
they Said they offten made Use of for Substainance 
when they had no provisions, this Night we all Slept 
with Verey hungrey belleys 

Tuesday ye 9th This Day we had also much fall- 
ing water and Ripplings to pass. Somtimes we was 
abliged to Land, and Carrey our Bagage over Clefts 
of Rocks, and trees &c, that was in our way. This 
day ye Indians told me we Should arrive Near to and 
other Indian Village,^ I asked them if they Supposed 
they would Use us in ye manner we had been, at y^ 
other Village they made me no answer, but Said 
Somthing In Indian, yt Caused all ye Connews to 
Gather Round ye Connew yt I was in, & Discoursed 
in Indian what they Said I Could not tell But I ob- 
served they Looked with a Verey Serious Contenance 

1 Medoctec. 
60 



The Tote Journal 

on me, when I Saw a Convenient oppertunity I Spoke 
to this affect, Gentlemen You are all Verey Sensible, 
of ye 111 Usage we met with at ye other Vilhige, which 
1 have Reason to believe, was Intierly Contrary to any 
of Your Inclinations or permission, and as You Call 
Your Selves Christians, and men of honour, I hope 
You '1 Use Your prisoners accordingly, But 1 think it 
is Verey Contrary to ye Nature of a Christian, to abuse 
men In ye manner we was at ye other Village, and I 
am Verey Sensible there is no Christian Nation yt 
Suffers their prisoners to be abused after they have 
Given them quarters, In ye manner we have been, 
the Indians Looked verey Serious, and approved of 
what I Said, and Talked amongst themselves In In- 
dian, and my master told me when we arrived to ye In- 
dian Village I must mind to keep Clost by him. This 
Night we Incampd on an Island In ye River Saint 
Johns, this Night we had a Small peice of Boilled Sal- 
mon, yt was Given to ye Indians by an Indian yt Lived 
on ye Island This was Divided amongst our Com- 
pany, yt Consisted of twenty three persons 

Whensday ye loth This Day we Took our De- 
parture Early In ye morning, ye Indians told me we 
Should arrive to ye Indian Village before Noon, this 
morning we passed by Several Small Spots of Cleard 
Land, where ye Indians had Improved and planted 
Corn and beans &c, we arrived to ye Indian Village 
about Noon, as Soon as Squaws, Saw us Coming In 
Sight of their Village, and heard ye Cohoops, which 
Signified ye Number of Prisoners, all ye Squaws In 
their Village, prepared themselves with Large Rods 

6i 



The Tote Journal 

of Briars, and Nettles &c, and met us at their Landing, 
Singing and Dancing and Yelling, and making Such a 
hellish Noise, yt I Expected we Should meet with a 
worse Reception at this place than we had at ye other. 
I was Verey Careful! to observe my masters Instruc- 
tions, yt he had Given me ye Day before, and warned 
ye Rest to do Likwise, our Indians Seemed Verey In- 
different In Landing, and passed Some Small Distance 
above ye Landing place, ye first Connewyt Landed, 
was ye Capt of ye herons he had but one prisoner in 
his Connew, which was an Indian, yt had formerly 
Belonged to Capt John Gorhams Companey. as Soon 
as he Landed he was not Carfull to keep By his master, 
and ye Squaws Galherd themselves Round him, and 
Caught him by ye hair, as many as Could hold of him, 
and hailed him down to ye Ground, and pound his 
head against ye Ground, ye Rest with their Rods danc- 
ing Round him, and wipted him over ye head and 
Legs, to Such a degree, that I thought they would have 
killed him In ye Spot, or hailed him in ye watter and 
Drounded him, they was So Eager to have a Stroak 
at him Each of them, that they halld him Some one 
way and Some another. Some times Down towards 
ye water by ye hair of ye head, as fast as they Could 
Run, then ye other party would have ye Better and 
Run with him another way, my master Spoke to ye 
other Indians, and told ym to take ye fellow out of 
their hands, for he beleived they would Certainly 
murther him. In a Verey Short time. I Seeing ye 

SquawsComming towards me. Endeavoured to hall on 
my Stockings as Soon as possible, for I Dreaded my 

62 



The Tote Journal 

Legs more then any thing Else, that was at that 
time So Sore, In Sitting in ye Connew in ye Sun yt 
I Could Scarsely Stand upon them, as Soon as ye 
Squaws approached Near me, my master Spoke Some- 
thing In Indian, In a Verey harsh manner, yt Caused 
ym to Stop in their persuit, and Returned to ye Rest 
and Led ye Indian, they Got hold of first, up to their 
Village, when my masters Saw ye way was Clear, 
they whent up to their Village, and we was Con- 
ducted to ye Capts Camp with me and all ye Rest of 
ye Prisoners, Except ye poor Indian, that was In 
ye hand of ye Squaws, our Indians as Soon as they 
had Set Down, Intreated of ye Capt of ye Vil- 
lage, to Relieve this poor Indian out of ye hands of 
ye Squaws and Told him, how we had Been abused 
at ye other Village ye Capt Verey Readyly Granted 
their Request, and Brought ye poor fellow to us half 
Dead, at this place Liv^^ a Soldier yt was taken on 
Board ye Schooner montague. who Gave me an ac- 
count, how they abused him at his arrivel, at this 
place we Incampd that Night, with Verey hungrey 
Belleys i8 L G C N N W Medocatike 

Thirsday ye nth This Day we Remained In ye 
Indian Village called Medocatike,' I observed ye Squaws 
could no[t] by any means Content themselves with- 
out having their Dance, they Continued Teasing my 



1 The Indian village of Medoctec lay on the west bank of the 
St. John River, about ten miles below the present town of Wood- 
stock, and just above the confluence of the St. John and Eel Rivers. 
— N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. ix. pp. 548, 904. 

63 



The Tote Journal 

Master, to Such a Degree, to have ye Liberty to Dance 
Round me, that he Consented they might if they 
would Promis to not abuse me, they Desired none 
of ye Rest, but me was all they aimed at for what 
Reason I Cannot Tell. When my masters had Given 
ym Liberty, which was Done Unbeknown to me and^ 
In my abstance, there Came Into ye Camp, two Large 
Strong Squaws, and as I was Setting by one of my 
masters, they Caught hold of myarmes with all their 
Strength, and Said Something in Indian, yt I Sup- 
posed was to tell me to Come out of ye Camp, and 
halld me of my Seat. 1 Strugled with ym and cleard 
my Self of their hold, and Set down by my master, 
they Came upon me again Verey Vigorously, and as I 
was Striving with them, my master ordered me to Go, 
and told me they would not hurt me. at this 1 was 
obliged to Surrender and whent with ym. they Led 
me out of ye Camp, Dancing and Singing after their 
manner, and Carried me to one of their Camps where 
there was a Company of them Gathered for their 
frolick. they made me Set down on a Bears Skin 
in ye Middle of one of their Camps, and Gave me a 
pipe and Tabacoe, and Danced Round me till the 
Sweat Trickled Down their faces, Verey plentyfully. 
I Seeing one Squaw that was Verey Big with Child, 
Dancing and foaming at ye mouth and Sweating, to 
Such a degree yt 1 Could not forbear Smilling, which 
one of ye old Squaws Saw, and Gave me two or three 
twiches by ye hair, otherwise 1 Escapd without any 

1 The words italicized are partially erased in the original. 
64 



The Tote Journal 

Punishment from them at yt time, This Day I was 
Sent for by one of ye heads of their Tribe, To Read a 
Contract^ between their Tribe and ye Governour of 
Anappolis, that had been made about fourteen Years, 
1 Told ye Indian they had acted. Contrary to their 
agreement, which abliged them to Live in Peace, and 
without any mollistation on Either Side. I Told him 
also he must Confess their Nation had been ye first 
agressors, he told me they had not, and Related to 
me Somthing Concerning ye 111 Usage of prisoners at 
anapolis Some time past, But he was So Imperfect In 
ye french Tongue, yt I Could not Understand ye true 
meaning of his Discours, This Day arrived To this 
Village, one Bonus Castine^ from Pernobsquett, who 
Examin^ me Verey Strictly what our Cargoe Con- 
sisted In &c, and wrote what I Said to him Concern- 
ing it. he told me he had Latly been on board the 
Countrey Sloop, Capt Sanders^ at Gerorges,"* and yt 



1 Gov. Dummer's Treaty of 1727. 

2 Saint Castin, and no doubt descended from Baron Vincent 
Saint Castin, who married the daughter of Madockawando, 
Sachem of the Penobscots, by which tribe he was adopted and 
elevated to the rank of chief. After the baron had amassed a 
fortune he retired to France, and was succeeded by his son in 
the government of Penobscot, in 17 10. — N. Y. Col. Docs., 
vol. ix. p. 265. 

3 Capt. Thomas Sanders of the Massachusetts frigate. — Drake, 
Fr. and Ind. War, p. 80; Williamson, Maine, vol. ii. p. 235. 
See also " List of Settlers in St. George's River" in 'N. E. Hist, 
and Gen. Reg., vol. xlvi. p. 119, where his name is given among 
those belonging to the " Lower Town " of St. Georges. 

4 St. George's River, Maine. 

9 65 



The Tote Journal 

ye Prenobsquett Indians^ was Still, at peace with ye 
English, and he believed would Continue So Some 
Considerable time. 1 thought It was not prudence to 
Contradict him, althogh i was Sensible there was 
Several Pernobsquett Indians, In ye armey that we 
was Taken by, this Night my master advised me to 
keep in ye Camp, and by no means Go out, and pro- 
tested to me, that this Bonus Castine, although he 
Pretended to be my friend, had Desired him to put 
me to Death, this Night ye Indians was Dancing 
and Singing, ye Greater part of ye Night 

Friday ye 1 2th This Day In ye morning began to 
make preparation for our Departure, at about Eight 
of ye Clock took our Daparture from Medocatike, for 
Canedy, This Day we paddled against Ripplings and 
a Strong Current against us. This Night we In- 
campd By ye Side of ye River Saint Johns, Verey 
hungrey and Little or Nothing to Eat N N W 6 L 

Saturday ye 13th This Day Paddled up ye River 
of Saint Johns about 9 Leagus Ditto we was Exceed- 
ing Scant of Provissions, and Could not by any means 
Catch any fish, nor kill any fowl. This Night we In- 
campd by ye Side of ye River, and ye Indians had ye 
Good fortune to Catch a Couple of Salmon, that was 
Verey Exceptable to us at that time 

14 Sunday This Day as we was padling up ye 



1 War was declared against these Indians in 1745, but the peace 
with them was not settled until October, 1749. — Hutchinson, 
History of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, vol. ii. (1767), 
p. 430. 

66 



The Tote Journal 

River we pased by a Small Cove/ and perceiv':l at ye 
head of it, there was Sahnon playing in ye Cool 
water, at ye head of ye Cove, we Landed verey Care- 
fully, and Cut Bushes and Brought them down to ye 
Entrance of ye Cove, and wile Some of us was Im- 
ployed, with perches and our paddles &c. thrashing 
in ye water, to hinder ye fish from Coming out of ye 
Cove, ye others built a ware- across ye Entrance of 
ye Cove, with Bushes and our Blanketts &c and we 
Caught In this Cove fifty four Salmo[n] which was 
So Exceptable to us at that time that I Shall never for- 
get ye Joy I was filled with, this Day we passed by 
a River^ yt Ran into Saint Johns, that ye Indians told 
me Led almost to pernobsquet, this Day we Came 
about 5 L and Incampd by ye Side of ye River Saint 
Johns. 

Monday ye i 5th This Day we had pretty Good 
paddling ye Greatest part of ye Day. and arrived to 
ye falls * So Called In Saint Johns River, at this place 
ye Indians, Gave me an account of ye Nature of ye 

iThis was in the vicinity of Tobique River, a stream which 
abounds with salmon of the largest size. 

2 Wear, sometimes spelt weir and wier. 

3 The Aroostook River, which empties into the St. John about 
20 miles below Grand Falls. It rises in Piscataquis County, Me., 
and its source almost meets with the east branch of the Penob- 
scot River. It is about 140 miles long. 

4 The Grand Falls, opposite the town of Grand Falls or Cole- 
brooke. The River St. John suddenly plunges here from a great 
height into a rocky gorge. It is about 202 miles from the city 
of St. John. There is a view of these falls in Bouchette, Bril. 
Dom. ill N. A., vol. ii. 

67 



The Tote Journal 

River, which is Verey Remarkable, at this place ^ it 
appear^ to me Like ye head of ye River, and ye water 
Entierly Still Like a pond, and ye Land Exceeding high, 
ye Indians Told me we Should Carrey over this high 
Land, about ^ of a mile, and find ye River as Large, 
and ye Current Set as Strong, as any part of ye River, 
and they told me ye River Run under this high Land, 
although there was no manner of Sign to be perceived 
of it. This Night we Incampd at this place & Roasted 
our Salmon. I Computed we had Come about lo 
L N W B N, we Supposed our Selves to Be about 70 
Leagus, from ye Entrance of ye River of Saint Johns. 

Tuesday i6th This Day we packed up our Bagage 
and Caried our Conews &c over ye high mountain 
Into ye River of Saint Johns, where I perceived ye 
River actually as ye Indians had Described ye Day be- 
fore, this Day ye wind blew Verey hard against us. 
and my Master was Somthing out of humour, he In- 
sisted I Did not Set Steady in ye Connew. 

I told him 1 Sat as Still as I possibly Could, he Told 
me it was false, at which 1 Grumbled a Small matter, 
& had Like to had my head Broke, my master Took 
up his paddle, and Swong it Just above my head, and 
told me if Ever I was Guilty of ye Like Crime, he 
would Certainly Split my Brains out. this Day we 
Came about 8 Leagus. C D and Incampd by ye Riv- 
er of Saint Johns 

Whednesday ye 1 ytli This Day we paddled about 
5 Leagus In ye River of Saint Johns, and Took an- 

iThe words italicized are partially erased in the original. 
68 



The Tote Journal 

other Small River, > yt Led Into a Large Lake, this 
Night we Incampd By ye Side of ye Small River, we 
Computed we Come fourteen Leagues, this Day G 
CN WB W 

Thirsday ye i8 This Day in ye Morning we ar- 
rived to a Large pond- about lo Leagus in Length, 
when we arrived to ye other Side of ye Pond our 
people ye Indians, whent to a place where they had 
hid provisions, In their Journey to anapolis ye winter 
past, they had often Told me, yt when they arrived 
to this Lake, we Should have a Suficent Supply of 
Provisions, to Carrey us Comfortably to Canady, But 
when they Came to ye place where they had hid their 
provisions they found that Some Indians, had been 
there before them, and Taken ye Greater part, this 
was heavey News, both to ye Indians and us prisoners, 
we Carried our Connews and Bagage about a League, 
and Came to another Small pond,^ which we Crossd 
and Incampd, this Day we Come about 12 Leagus 
NB W. 

Friday ye 1 9th This Day we passed Several Small 
ponds and In Carrying across one Carrying place of 

1 Madawaska River. It rises in Lake Temiscouata, flows south, 
and falls into the St. John. It is 30 miles long, and from 90 to 
1 50 yards wide. 

2 Lake Temiscouata. It is about 30 miles long, and varies in 
width from a half to two and a half miles. 

3 This lake and four or five others are known as Eagle Lakes, 
and were called by the Indians Chipiloginissis. The Tuladi or 
Toledo River takes its rise in this chain of lakes, and empties 
into Lake Temiscouata. 

69 



The Tote Journal 

about 5 miles Distance.^ John Read ^ ye Inglish prison- 
er, and one Caleb and [sic] Indian that Belonged to 
Capt John Gorhams Company, Ran away, they had ye 
Greatest part of ye Little Provisions, that we Depended 
upon for our Subsistance to Carrey us to Canady, and 
all ye Best of their Stors and Treasures Viz Some Con- 
siderable quantity of Silver money, that they had for 
their Booty, and about 3 or four hundred pounds In 
Bills of ye provience of ye massechusets, two Scalps, 
and two Guns, and a Good quantity of amunition. 
one or two Scarlet Broad Cloath Blanketts, ye Indians 
did not miss them, for ye Space of Near two hours, 
and when they missed them, there was a Great Con- 
fusion. Some Supposed they missed their way, and 
was Lost in ye woods others thought they had Ran 
away, ye Indians asked me my opinion of it. I told 
ym, I believed they had Lost their way, for they was 
Sensible they Never attempted to Run away, Ever 
Since they had been with them, although they had 
many more Convenient oppertunitys then this was. 
But I Confess I thought quite otherwise, and wishd my 
Self with ym for I was Sensible that they Neither of 
them, took but Little Notice how we Came, and I 
was afraid ye Indians would overtake them, and kill 
them, as they had always told me if any of us made 
ye attempt, there was four Indians of our Company 
Returnd, In Serch of those yt Ran away, and ye Rest 

1 This was the carrying place between the lakes, or Toledo 
River, and the Trois Pistoles. Said in Morris, Remarks, to be 
ten miles long. 

2 See a former note. 

70 



The Tote Journal 

of us Continued on our Course, this Day I Com- 
puted we made out about 7 L C N N W and Incampd 
by ye Side of ye River, yt Leads Into ye River of 
Canada ^ Called Trois pistoles,- 

Saturday ye 20th This Day we Remained In our 
Camps By ye River Trois Pistoles, ye Indians was 
verey Impatient to hear from those yt Returned, In 
Serch of John Read, and ye other Prisoner, they asked 
me Several questions Concerning them, Viz if I had 
any Intilligence of their Intentions, before they Ran 
away, or whither I thought yt they had a Design, and 
kept it Concealed Before they made ye attempt, I told 
them I did not hear ye Least hint, nor had no manner 
of Reason to Suspect they Intended it, and yt I Verely 
Believed they had lost themselves In ye woods, by 
their Neglect, to Carefully observe ye Narrow Crooked 
path, at this time, we was Exceeding hungrey & had 
nothing to Eat, at about 3 of ye Clock mr marrang ^ 

1 The St. Lawrence River. 

2 The Riviere Trois Pistoles, also called Spey River. It trav- 
erses the seigniory of Trois Pistoles from the rear to the front, 
and empties into the St. Lawrence at the village of Trois Pistoles. 
In Holland's Powiia/l Map, 1776, the village at its mouth is 
called RioLix. In Morris's map the River Quelle in Kamouraska, 
called by him Ouette, is joined by a carrying place to the River 
St. John. 

3 M. Marin, Jr. He was the son of the lieutenant from Canada 
whose army besieged Annapolis and took Pote captive. He ar- 
rived at Qiiebec on the first of August, having been sent by his 
father to inform concerning the capture of Louisburg by the Eng- 
lish. — Collection de Maniisciits relati/s a la Nouvelk-France, 
vol. iii. p. 218. 

7> 



The Tote Journal 

ye Generals Son overtook us who Gave me an account, 
yt Luisbourg was taken, he told me they had Capitu- 
lated, and ye French marched out, with their Drums 
beatting, and Colours Flying, and ye Inglish marched 
In Triumphantly, & Took Possession of their City, he 
also Gave me an account of Capt Donehews Death, 
and how many they had killed, and Taken of his 
people, and Told me he was ye man yt killed Capt 
Donhehew.^ at about five of ye Clock, ye Indians 
Came with John Read, I was Verey much affraid they 
would have killed him, by what they had Told me 
before his arrivel, if they found he had made an at- 
tempt to Run away, and 1 Believe they would Cer- 
tainly have done it if I had not been there, by Reason 
he Could not Speak Neither French nor Indian, nor 
they any English. But 1 was fearfull they would over- 
take them, and had Study ed an Excuse for them, be- 
fore they Came, 1 asked John how they had Taken 
him &c he Told me they overtook him, by ye Side of 
a River, and ye other fellow yt had Ran away with 
him, being an Exceding Good Swimer, had Swam over 
ye River, and made his Escape, but he Could not 
Swim and by yt means was taken, ye Indians asked 
me what he Said, I told ym yt he was perswaded to 
Run away, by ye Indian fellow that was with him, 
and Said if hed had time for Consideration, he would 
Never [have] attempted it, and would feign [have] 
Returned, in a Short time after they took their De- 
parture, but ye Indian yt was with him would not 

1 See Appendix for a sketch of Capt. David Donahew. 
72 




bD 

3 

*3 
o 



o 

c 

•t— ' 



"o 

c 



The Tote Journal 

Consent, one of ye Indians took a Small Stick, and 
Gave him a few Strips, and obraided him with Ingrati- 
tude, and told me to tell him he had always Used him 
as a Brother, and he ought not to have Consented to 
ye other. Persuasions, and if he thought it was not 
Intierly ye others fault, he would kill him Directly, 
and warned him to take Good Care and Never make 
another Such attempt, this Night we Imbarqued, In 
our Connews and whent a Small Distance Down ye 
River trois pistoles, and Incamped, we was Verey 
Short of Provisions, and Slept with hungrey Belleys 
Sunday ye 2 1 st This Day we Imbarqued Verey Early 
in ye morning, ye Indians Told me they Expected to 
arrive to ye River of Caneda Before Night, ye Greatest 
part of our Company was abliged to travell By ye Side 
of ye River. By Reason of Ripplings and falls &c. yt 
hindred us from Going in our Connews, this Day we 
Travelled over high Rocks, and Somtimes up to our 
middles in water, we Cut our feet Verey much In 
marching over Sharp Rocks and Stones, that was 
wore with ye watter, almost as Sharp as knives, the 
thoughts of arriving to Caneda River yt Day, So In- 
couraged me, that I left ye Greater part of ye Indians 
behind me, and out of my Sight before Noon. I En- 
deavoured to keep Company with my master In ye 
Connew, who assisted me all yt Lay in his power, to 
take me into ye Connew when there was water, and 
Land me on ye best Side of ye River for Travelling. 
I Gained ye Good will of my masters at this time So 
much yt they Called me their Good Comrade, and told 
me 1 Should make as Good a heron, as any in their 
10 73 



The Tote Journal 

Tribe in Verey Short Time, we arrived about 5 In ye 
afternoon, within a League of Canedy River, where 
we was abliged to Leave ye River trois pistoles, by 
Reason of falls &c. at this place we was So Verey 
hungrey yt we Roasted ye Guts of a Beaver, yt we 
had killed ytDay, on ye Coals, and Eat them without 
Either Bread or Salt, we arrived to ye River of Caneda, 
Some time Before Sun Set, about forty Leagus Below 
Quebec. I Computed we Came this Day about 1 1 
Leagus CD This Night mr marain 1 Desierd my master 
to Give me Liberty to Go with him to a french house, 
about a League Down ye River, he Consented, and 
told him he would Go with us, In marching to this 
house I Sought an oppertunity to talk with mr marain. 
when ye Indians was Some Small Distance before us, 

1 Desired he would have ye Goodness for me, as to 
Endeavour to Release me from ye hands of ye Indians 
if possible, he told me he was Sent an Express by his 
father, to General and Governour^of Canedy, and he 
would do all yt Lay in his power for my Redemption, 
and he Expected to arrive to Quebec, In about thirty 
hours, at this house I Eat verey hearty, and mr mar- 
rain gave me Some Tobaccoe, and Told me he wished 
he Could Give any Liquer, but there was none to be 
had, at this place we Got a Small Supply of provisions, 
and Carryed [it] Back to the Rest of our Company, 
there was Such a Sensible Diffirance in ye Behaviour 
of ye Indian Capt , at this hous[e] Before mr marrain, 

1 Marin, Jr. 

2 Charles, Marquis de Beauharnois. He was Governor until 1747. 

74 



The Tote /oiirnal 

and ye other french People, towards me at this time, 
and when there was no french present, that I Sought 
for an oppertunity, and Discovered it to mr marrain. 
for at this time they Complemented me with, mon- 
sieur, and at other times. Toy &c. This Night we 
Incampd by ye Side of Canedy River near la Riviere 
trois pistoles. 

Monday ye 22^ This Day paddling up ye River of 
Canedy we passed by Several houses, and Some we 
Stopd at, ye French Treated me with Civility and Gave 
me Victuals, and Tabacco &c, this Day we Came about 
14 or 15 Leagus and Incampd. 

Tuesday ye 23d This Day paddling up ye River 
I Liked ye Looks of ye Countrey Exceedingly, this 
Day we Stopd at Several French houses, and ye French 
Seemed Generally Civel, and Courtious to us prisoners 
and asked us how we liked their Countrey 

Whensday ye 24 this Day we passed by Severall 
Islands^ Inhabited, and some pleasant plantations on 
them, at about four of ye Clock in ye Afternoon, we 
Landed on an Island where there was no Inhabitents. 
ye Indians told me to pull of my Shirt and wash it, for 
I must appear Before ye General ye Next day. at this 



1 The names of the several islands passed on the St. Lawrence, 
between the Trois Pistoles and Qiiebec, were : I. aux Basques, 
opposite Trois Pistoles, I. aux Pommes, I. Rouge, I. Verte, I. du 
Lievre, Islets des Pelerins, Islets des Camourasca or Kamaraska, 
1. aux Coudres, Goose Island, Boat Isle, Little Isles, Two-heads 
I., Patience I., Grass I., Rott I., Madam I., and Island of Orleans. 
— Benin's map in Charlevoix ; Map of the St. Lawrence in Atlantic 
Neptune, and modern atlases. 

75 



The Tote Journal 

place, they Cut ye Indian Prisoners hair, and Shaved 
them and painted their faces In ye manner of their 
own, and had a Great Desire to Serve me in ye Same 
manner, but I pleaded so much against it. and told 
ym I was not of their Complexion, and it was more 
Convenient, 1 Should Be in ye fasion of ye French, 
therefore they Let me Go as I was quite out of ye 
Mode. 

This Night we paddled, till late in ye Night, we 
Could have arrived to quebec with pleasure, but we 
Incamptd about two Leagus below on an Island,^ yt 
was Seven Leagus in Length, and Seven Churches on 
it, I believe, ye Indians Stopd till Day that they might 
have ye more Glory 

Thirsday ye 25th This morning our Indians Painted 
themselves in an Extroardinary manner, and Trimd 
up their hair and painted ye Indian prisoners, and 
made Great preparation for their appearance at que- 
bec. after we took our Departure, they Fixed Poles 
in ye middle of as many Connews as they had Scalps, 
and hung up their Scalps on ye Top of ye poles, when 
we arrived Near quebec, there was almost a Con- 
tinual Coohooping, one Sort to Distinguish ye Num- 
ber of prisoners, another ye No of Scalps and ye other 
ye Number they had killed, this they Continued, till 
we arrived within about forty Rods of ye Shore, then 



1 Isle of Orleans or Isle St. Laurent, about 4 miles N. E. of 
Quebec. It is 19 miles long and 5^ broad, containing 69 sq. 
miles. It contained five parishes. — Bouchette, Top. Diet, of 
Canada, 1832. 

76 



The Tote Journal 

we took in our paddles, and Set Still in our Connews 
ye people Gathered to ye Landing from all parts of ye 
Town, ye Shore was thronged with People, as far 
as I Could See Both up and down ye River, we Looked 
up ye River Some Small Distance, and Saw a fleet of 
Large Connews Paddling down ye River, towards us 
So Swift yt they made ye water all of a foam before 
them, the Indians Seeing this, Spoke Verey Sharp 
to me, and Told me to paddle for my life, I observed 
ye Indians Seemed to look Exceeding wild, and Con- 
tinued hurrying of me, and we all paddled to ye Ut- 
most of our power, and arrived to ye Shore In a few 
minuts. by this time I observed ye Connews, had 
almost Come up with us, and ye Indians Commanded 
me not to Stop, for any thing whatsoever, but Jump 
and Run as fast as I possibly Could, I was Sensible 
there was Somthing Extroadinary, by Reason ye In- 
dians always Cautiond me to be Verey CarfuU in Get- 
ting in and out of the Connews, I had nothing on me, 
but a thin weastcoat and Britches and Shirt, no Stock- 
ings nor Shoos. In this Dress I Landed at quebec I 
Jumpt out of ye Connew about Ten foot, and was 
Received by two of our Indians one on Each Side, 
which pushd me in amongst ye Croud of people and 
Told me to Run for my Life, and followed me Clap- 
ing me on ye Back, I made ye Best of my way through 
ye Croud, all yt Come in my way, I Jostled Some one 
way and Some another, without any manner of Re- 
gard Either, to Gentel or Simple or any Condition what- 
soever, I knew not where I was Going, or what was 
ye Cause of this Confusion, Nevertheless I Could. not 

77 



The Tote Journal 

forbear Imitating Lots wife, and Saw ye people Croud- 
ing after us, in Great Numbers we was Conducted to 
a Gentlemans house and into a Large Room, where 
they flocked round us, ye Room as full as it Could 
hold, at this place mr marrain, ye Generals Son that 
took us, Came to See me and told me ye Cause of 
this Uprore, he told me those Connews, we Saw 
Coming Down ye River, was Loaden with Indians 
yt Lived a Great Distance up ye River, and their Cus- 
tom was, In Case yt they Could overtake prisoners, 
between ye Landing, and ye First house, they Use 
them Verey Barbarously Bite of[f] their Nails of their 
fingers, and put ye End of their fingers. Into their 
Lighted pipes for Some Considerable time, till they 
burn ye flesh of[f] ye End of their fingers, and burn 
punk on their hands &c, and that these Indians was 
In persuit of us, and had Certainly overtaken us, if 
we had not been Verey Expeditious, But he Said ye 
Danger was past, when they arrived to ye first house, 
he also Gave me a hint yt he had Done what I Desired 
him. Concerning my freedom from ye Indians, at this 
place I was Treated with a Great Deal of Civelity, and 
Good Usage they asked me to Eat, and Drink, and 
Told me I Should be welcome to ye Best they had in 
their house, I Seeing So many Genteel Courtious, Gen- 
tlemen and Ladys Round me, and all Seemed to pity 
my Condition, and Said it was a Scandal and a Shame, 
that I Should be Suffered to Go with ye Indians, at 
this 1 was So Transported with Joy, in Expectation of 
my Being Delivered out of ye hands of ye Savages, 
that I thought it was Impossible there Could Be Such 

78 



The Tote Journal 

an alteration this Side of time, the Indians Seeing it 
was not for their advantage, for us to Stay there any 
Longer, told me to prepare my Self for a march, and 
we Should arrive to their Village ^ in about two hours. 
I Endeavourd to prolong ye time, as much as possible, 
and Desired a Lady yt belongd to ye house to do me 
ye favour, as to Give me a Drink of Beer, She Verey 
Readily Brought me a bottle of Good Beer, and a Glass, 
and Insisted I Should Stop & Drink two or three 
Glasses, which before I had Drinkd, there Came orders 
we must Go before ye General.- we was Conducted 
through ye Streets to ye Generals and a Large Croud 
of people following of us, when we Came to ye Gen- 
erals he asked y^ Capt^ of ye herons, how many 
prisoners he had, and how many English there was 
amongst ym, and having Understood our Number, he 
orderd that ye other English man and my Self Should 
Be Sent to ye Cazarnes, and yt ye Capt of ye herons 
Should keep ye Indians, ye Capt of ye herons De- 
sired he might be permitted to Speak with his Lord 
ship ye General, Concerning us, but ye General would 
not permit him to Speak, and orderd a Sergent and a 
file of men to Carrey us to ye aforsd place, forthwith, 
when we Came to ye Cazarnes, we found 12 English 
prisoners which had been there about a month Viz 
Capt James Swindal, Bound from Jameca to Liverpool, 
and was taken by ye Ship hexereuse Marie, CaptDe- 



1 The settlement at La Jeune Lorette. 

2 The Governor, the Marquis de Beauharnois. 

3 His name was Vincent. 

79 



The Tote Journal 

guee Comandi"ye2ist of May 1745.^ and Capt Willm 
Chapman 2 Bound from Maryland to London, and 
Taken by abovsd Ship may ye 24th 1745, Each of 
these men Commanded when they was taken, a 
Brigantine, and had Ten of their people with ym 
In this place, when they had oppertunity, they asked 
me if there was any News, 1 Gave them an account 
ytye English had Taken Luisbourg, and when, which 
much revived ye hearts of ye poor men, who had In- 
formation yt ye English was all Destroyed, this Night 
I Slept In ye prison, which was ye first Night 1 Lodged 
in a prison, 3 Since 1 was born. 

Saturday ye 27th Came mr James Sutherland Mas- 
ter of ye Schooner Seaflower, yt was taken at anapo- 
lis with us, and one of my people Named Abraham 
Florance. 

Sunday ye 28th This morning we was Lementing 
ye hard fate of John Broading, one of my people, and 
Jonathan Young, yt was taken with Capt Sutherland 
on Board ye Sea flower, In Expectation, the Indians 

1 The Marquis de Beauharnois had sent two Indians of the Sault 
St. Louis, at the end of August, to Albany, to transmit from that 
place to Boston a letter which he wrote to Gov. Shirley, in which 
he proposed an exchange of the prisoners taken by Marin in Acadia, 
and some of those belonging to the two prizes taken by " L'Heu- 
reuse Marie," Sieur De Gay, commander. The Indians were not 
well received, but Mayor Cornelius Cuyler forwarded the letter to 
Boston. — N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 19. 

2 William Chapman, of Maryland — Norton, p. 28; William 
Chipman, of Marblehead — How, p. 13. 

3 For an account of the prison consult How, p. 13, and Nor- 
ton, p. 28. 

80 



The Tote Journal 

had Carried them up ye River, at about 9 in ye morn- 
ing they Came to prison, to our Great Joy. 

August ye I St 1 745 This day came mr marain ye 
Generals Son that took me, and Called me out from 
among ye Sailors, and asked me if I had Lived with 
ym Ever Since 1 had been In Prison. I Told him Yes 
at which he Seemed Exceeding angrey, and asked ye 
prison keeper ye Reason of our Being Treated with 
So much Indiferance, 1 Told him I Supposed I Could 
Give him a Sufficient Reason, and that was our Being 
Naked and appearing In Such a Misarable Condition, 
as we had ye misfortune to be put In ye hands of ye 
Indians, and Striped of all our Cloathing, he Did me 
ye honour, as to Speak In my Recommendation to ye 
prison keeper, and whent to his Lordship ye General, 
and Brought an order for us to be put forthwith, with 
ye two Capts affore mentioned, where we had a Gen- 
teel Maintanance mr Southerland and my Self 

Tuesday ye 6th This Day there Came orders from 
his Lordp ye General, yt we must Be Deprived of ye 
Liberty to Go Down, and Converse with ye people as 
we had Before, and yt we must be Confmd to our 
Chamber, and Not Go out Except for our Necessity. 

Saturday ye loth of August 1745 This Day Came 
Monsieur Entendant^ et Monsieur De Chalet Intarpret 
du Roy and Several other Gentilmen who Gave us 
an account, yt we Should Be Sent In a Short Time to 
Boston, and be Exchanged for Prisoners they had in 

1 Hocquart, who succeeded Dupuy in 1 729. — Smith, Canada, 
vol. i. p. 191. 

U 81 



The Tote Journal 

Boston at that time, at about 5 in ye afternoon Came 
to prison Capt Swindalls mate, and two Sailors one 
Belongd to Capt Swindal, and ye other to Capt Chap- 
man. 

Monday ye 12th This Day Came mr Dechalet and 
Told us we Should Be Sent to a place Near albaney, 
and there wait for Instructions from his Exelencey ye 
Governour of Boston, he also Desired we would Be 
as Expeditious as possible, and have our Letters and 
our petition Ready, for he Believed we Shoud Go in 
five Days without fail. 

Thirsday ye 1 5 This Day there Came 7 Prisoners 
to prison Viz one Jonathan Donham yt was taken with 
me, and, Toms Grifes 1 one ye [/. e., yt] Deserted from 
ye fort of anapolis, and 5 men yt was Taken by Mon- 
sieur marain when Capt Donhehew was killed 

1 6th This Day monsieur De Chalet Came an took 
an account of what ye Prisoners Stood in Necessity 
of this Day Came a Lad yt was taken on Board Capt 
Donhehew to Prison. 

1 8th This Day our People Sent a petition to his 
Lord ship ye General for a Better Maintanance which 
They Stood in Great Nead of at this time. 

23d This Day monsieur De Chalet and monsieur 
Medicine Came to See us who Gave us an account, 
we Should not Go till they had an answer from ye 
Governeur of Boston To their Letters and our Petition. 

September ye 3d This Day we had an account yt 
Plimouth was Taken, and yt Ireland had Revolted 

1 The name must have been Griffis. 



The Tote Journal 

from ye Crown of Great Brittan, and Joynd with his 
most Chrisian majesty, and yt there was looooo of 
ye French Troops in England and ye king himself at 
ye head of them and yt all Europe was Deeply En- 
gaged in ye present war. 

ye ^th this Day ye General Sent us a Present of 24 
Livers. I was Somthing out of order and had a bad 
Cold. 

14th This Day we had Intiligence yt There was 
Eighteen Sail of French Ships of ye Line, Cruizing of[f ] 
Luisbourg So yt the Entrance was Intierly Stoped and 
there was no passing nor Repassing and yt Every 
Vessell yt made ye attempt, was Taken By ye French 
Ships 

19th we heard yt ye pacquet was arrived from 
Boston, But was Contradicted Before Nigh[t] 

October ye 2d 1745 This Day Monsieur De Cha- 
let Brought us a Letter, yt was Sent from ye Govern- 
our of albeney,^ to his Lordship ye General of Can- 
edy Conserning our Letters, ye Contents Therof was 
to this Effect. Sir 1 have Received Yours which I have 
Conveyd to Boston with all possible Expedition, and 
make no Doubt, but his Excelency ye Governour of 
Boston will answer Your Perposells, on honourable 
Termes. 1 am, &c 

October ye 18 This Day monsieur De Chalet Came 
to Prison and Told us yt any of us yt had a mind to 
Go to france, might have Permission from ye General, 

1 Cornelius Cuyler, Mayor of hVomy.—hl. Y. Col. Docs., vol. 
X. p. 19. 

83 



The Tote Journal 

and yt all yt had a mind to Stay In this place, might 
Be permitted, after about 24 hours Consideration, 
there was 23 of our Number Sent a petition to ye 
General for to Stay, In Expectation of an answer 
from Boston, and yt we Should Be Relievd In a Short 
time, which was Granted By ye General as Soon as 
Demanded. 

Tuesday ye 29th of October This Day, there Came 
orders that Capt Swindal, and his mate and four of 
his People and one Thos Grifes a Drummer yt De- 
serted from anapolis, must prepare themselves for to 
Go on Board, to Sail for france, at about 7 of ye Clock 
in ye evening whent on Board. 

November ye 8th 1-74^ This Day monsieur En- 
tendant Came To ye prison, and Told us we must Be 
Content to Stay hear all winter. 

Sunday ye 17 of November Came Into prison Ne- 
hemiah How^ yt was Taken at Connectaquat and 

iNehemiah How was taken captive at No. 2, Great Meadows 
Fort, now Putney, Vt., Oct. 1 1, 1745. He was brought into Que- 
bec by a party of Abenakis of St. Franfois, 18 days after his cap- 
ture. He died in the hospital at Quebec, May 25, 1747, aged 55 
years, and left a wife and family. He had a son named Caleb, who, 
it seems, married the widow of William Phipps. Jemima How 
suffered a doleful captivity in 1755. How's Journal, which he kept 
up to within six days of his death, was preserved and published in 
1748, and reprinted by Drake in his Indian Captivities. We have 
made considerable use of it in our notes. — Compare: Noah Wright's 
Letter and Journal in N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ii. pp. 207, 
208; Hoyt, Antiq. Researches, p. 233; Taylor's appendix to Wil- 
liams, Redeemed Captive, sixth ed., Boston, 1795, p. 114; N. E. 
Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ix. pp. 163, 164; Coll. de MSS. rel. 
a la Nouv. France, vol. iii. p. 268, and Norton, p. 39. 

84 



The Tote Journal 

James Kincade/ yt was taken at a place Called Ships- 
quett, both taken by ye Indians. These men Gave 
us an account yt our Letters arrived Safe to Boston, 
and yt they Believed ye Governour, would Send for 
us Early in ye Spring, if there was not an Expedition 
against this place. 

December ye nth i-^^^ This Day there arrived to 
prison a Dutch man yt was Taken at a place Called 
Sallatauger,2 who Gave us an account, yt he Expected 
Several more prisoners yt was Taken with him would 
arrive to prison In a Verey Short time. 

Decembr ye 15th This Day Came monsieu[r] 
Entendant, and Several other Gentleman To prison, 
and Told us ye Governeur of Boston was Certainly 
Dead, and yt ye Pretender was In England &c, and 
yt he Expected our Countreymen, would Come and 
See them ye Spring Insuing 

January ye loth \^^^ This Day Came monsieur 
De Chalet to Prison and Gave us twenty four Livers, 
and Told us he new Nothing of News, & Especially 
Concerning our Redemption 

ijames Kinlade, Kincaid or Kincade, was taken captive Sept. 27, 
17^5, at Sheepscott. He returned home in the summer of 1747, 
and was killed in a later incursion, Apr. 24, 1748. — How, p. 12; 
Drake, Fr. and Ind. War, p. 158. 

2 Saratoga, the present Schuylerville on the Hudson. Marin 
attacked it on the night of Nov. 28 and 29 (new style), 1745; burnt 
and plundered all the houses, and took about 100 prisoners, men, 
women, children, and negroes. Some of the captives were dispersed 
among the Indians, and the rest were lodged in the prison at Que- 
bec— Trans, of Roy. Sac. of Canada, vol. v. sect, i, p. 100; A^. 
Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. pp. 38, 76. 



The Tote Journal 

January ye 20th i'74f This Day there arrived to 
prison 17 Prisoners yt was Taken, By monsieur ma- 
rain, ye General yt I was Taken by, at a place Called 
Solletouge, these Gave us an account, yt they Ex- 
pected ye English would Come against Canedy, In 
ye Spring 1 without fail. 

January ye 25th This Day there Came an Indian 
under ye Window Called Jacob, yt had formerly be- 
longed to Capt John Gorhams Company, and Lived 
with ye herons, this man Came with me all ye way 
from anapolis Royal, and was well acquainted with 
me, he Gave me an account of Sundrey Transactions 
yt had passed Between him and ye herons. Since I 
had been In prison, and Gave me a Verey Regular 
account of Sundrey fmeteriel questions yt I asked 
him} this Night there arrived to prison, a Dutch 
man that had been with ye Indians Sometime, and 
Gave us an account, yt ye Indians was verey much 
Disaffected to ye French, and had almost Concluded 
not to Go to war any more against ye English. 

Fabuary ye 12 This Day monsieur De Chalet Came 
to See us and Gave us an account, yt he was Going 
to Montrial. 

Faburary ye 22d This Day there Came Seven 
Dutch Prisoners 2 To prison yt had been Taken at 
Sarotoge By monsieur Marrain. 

1 Extensive preparations were actually made for a grand expedi- 
tion against Canada, and the New England men were already in 
the field, when it failed to be carried out. 

'^ They were six men, and a woman 70 years old. She had been 
an invalid for seven years. — How, p. 15. 

86 



The Tote Journal 

march ye 5th iq^d This Day we wrote a Letter to 
his Lord ship ye General, for permision to Send to 
albaney. 

march ye 8th Understood we Could not be per- 
mitted to Send to albaney for our Redemption. 

March ye 16 Died a Dutch man Mhat had been 
Taken at Saletogue, By monsieur Marain. 

march ye 19th 1746 This Day monsieur Entan- 
dant Came to See us, and a Gentleman yt had lived 
in Boston Some time. Named long Lazere and Gave 
us an account, yt we must not make any Dependance 
on our Redemption, till Some time in ye Summer and 
he hoped By that Time, they Should have Some op- 
pertunity to Exchange us. 

May ye 3d 1746 This Day there was Brought to 
Prison three Prisoners yt was Taken a[t] New Town- 
ship Near Connectequet River Called Number four,^ 



1 Pote calls him Laurance Plater. He was captured at Saratoga 
Nov. 17, 1745, and died in the hospital at Quebec after an illness 
of fourteen or fifteen days. Lawrence Platter; Norton, p. 30. 
Lawrence Plaffer, a German born; How, p. 15, under date of 
Mar. 15. 

2 Now Charlestown, N. H., so called in honor of Sir Charles 
Knowles. It was, at this time, the most northern settlement on the 
Connecticut River, and was first granted by Massachusetts, Dec. 3 1 , 
1735. it was not incorporated by charter until July 2, 1753. These 
three persons were captured while out with a team of four oxen, a 
small distance from the fort, Apr. 19, 1746. They returned to Bos- 
ton under a flag of truce.— Taylor's appendix to Williams, 1795, p. 
114; N. H. Town Papers, vol. ix. p. 90; Hoyi, Antiq. Researches, 
p. 234; A^. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ix. p. 163; Pa. Ga^., 
May 8, 1746. 

87 



The Tote Journal 

Viz Captjohn Spafford/ Isaac Parker,2 and Stephen 
Farnworth.3 these men Gave us an account that 
there was a Great preparation for an Expedition against 
this place. 

May ye 14th 1746 There Came to prison two Pris- 
oners, from a Place Called Gorhamtown,* at ye hed of 
Falmouth Viz Jacob Read and Edward Cloutman, 
these men Gave an account, yt ye Indians had killed 
when they was Taken, W^illm Bryant and four of his 
Children and Taken his wife a Prisoner who was at 
Present with ye Indian[s] 



iSee his petition to Gov. Wentworth and the Council, dated 
July 24, 1744, N. H. Town Papers, vol. ix. pp. 97, 98; also N. 
Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 42. For about 14 months, while in 
captivity, he lived on the common allowance of prisoners. He 
was treated better after that. 

2 He was one of fourteen petitioners, representatives of fam- 
ilies, who sought a supply of men for the defense of their set- 
tlement, Oct. 19, 1743.— TowM Papers, vol. ix. pp. 96, 97. 

3 He is mentioned in the accounts with Spafford and Parker, 
How calls them his "friends." 

^Gorhamtown contained, besides those in the block-houses, 
only four families, those of Bryant, Cloutman, Read, and Mc- 
Lellan. It was attacked by a party of ten, Apr. iq, 1746. Ja- 
cob Read was taken captive Just as he left McLellan's house. He 
struggled to gain his freedom, but was finally bound, and was 
carried to Quebec, where he died Oct. 20, 1746, aged about 57 
years. Edward Cloutman (the name is now usually spelled 
Cloudman) was the first of the name in Gorham. He was born 
in Dover, N. H., Feb. 15, old style, 1714, and was the second 
son of Edward and Sarah Cloutman, whose ancestors came from 
Scotland. When he attained his majority, he came to Falmouth, 
Maine, where, in 1738, he married Anna Collins, daughter of 
Timothy and Sarah Collins, of Philadelphia, and went to live at 



The Tote Journal 

may ye i6tii 1745 [/. e., 1746] This Day Came to 
prison two Lads Brothers, yt was Taken at Sheps- 
quett by ye Indians Viz Jeams Anderson and SamH 
Ditto 1 

May ye 1 7th This Day there was two men Brought 
To ye Prison Viz Sam|l Burbank and David wood- 
well, who was Taken at a place Called Hopkintown, 
these men Gave an account yt ye S^ Burbank, had two 
Sons in ye hands of ye Indians, and woodwell his 
wife two Sons and one Daughters, 

May ye 24th 1746 This Day there was brought to 

Presumscot Lower Falls. Here he worked in the first saw-mill 
erected in the place, when the Indians burned it in 1741. At 
this place, also, his son Timothy was born, who was the ancestor 
of all of the name in Gorham. Edward, with his wife and son, 
paddled round Portland to Stroudwater. In 1745 he removed 
with his family to Gorham, and purchased a piece of land. On 
the 19th of the following April he was taken by the Indians and 
carried to Quebec. He made his escape from prison, Oct. 23, 
1746, but never reached home. There is evidence that he was 
drowned. His wife petitioned for relief for herself and three 
children. She afterwards married Abraham Anderson, of Wind- 
ham, and died in that town, Dec. 1, 1802, aged 84 years. Clout- 
man was over six feet in height and weighed 220 pounds. His 

son Timothy married Katy , and they had eleven children. 

Their descendants are numerous. — Pierce, Hist, of Gorham, pp. 
50, 52, 161, 162; Norton; How; Pa. Gazette, May 8, 1746. 

1 These brothers, James and Samuel, were captured Sept. 15, 
1745, and held by the Indians for some time before they were 
brought to the prison. Their father was killed Oct. 20, 1746; 
and their uncle, Capt. John McNear, was brought into prison 
Nov. 22, 1746. Drake; How, p. 19; Norton, p. 32. 

2 On Apr. 22, 1746, six Indians, finding everybody asleep at 
New Hopkinton, now Hopkinton, captured the entire household, 

12 So 



The Tote Journal 

prison a Soldier yt was Taken at a Place Called Coun- 
toocook Named Thomas Jones, who was Taken by 
ye Indians, and Gave an account there was two killed 
when he was Taken. ^ 

June ye ist \q^() this Day there was Brought to 
prison a Young man Named Willm Akins,^ who was 
taken at Georges by ye Indians. 

consisting of eight persons. They were David Woodwell, his 
wife Mary, his two sons, Benjamin and Thomas, his daughter 
Mary, Samuel Burbank and his two sons, Caleb and Jonathan. 
They were carried to Canada. David Woodwell's daughter, Mary, 
and Jonathan Burbank, were detained three years by the hidians 
at St. Francis ; the others were put in the prison at Quebec. 
Samuel Burbank died there May 19, 1747, and Mary Woodwell, 
David's wife, died there Dec. 18, 1746. The other four were 
afterwards exchanged. Jonathan Burbank, after his return, be- 
came an officer in the succeeding French and Indian War, and was 
killed. Mary Woodwell, David's daughter, was born in Hopkin- 
ton, Mass., May 1 1, 1730. About five years after her ransom from 
the hands of the Indians, she married Jesse Corbett, by whom she 
had two sons. Her husband was drowned in 1759. She afterwards 
muried Jeremiah Fowler, by whom she had five children, and 
died in October, 1829, aged nearly 100 years. An account of her 
captivity is published in Drake, Indian Captivities, pp. 140-143. 

1 On May 4, 1746, at Contoocook, now Boscawen, N. H., some 
Indians fell upon a paty of men at work near Clay's Hill. They 
killed Elisha Cook (after whom Cook's Hill was named) and Cae- 
sar, the Rev. Phinehas Stevens's slave, and took Thomas Jones 
prisoner. Jones belonged to Sherburne, but was at this time a 
soldier at Co.itoocook. He died in captivity Aug. 16, 1746. 
One Thomas Jones w.is a member of Col. Moore's N. H. Regiment 
at Louisburg, in 1745. — Coffin, Boscawen and IVebster, pp. 41, 
42, who gives the names incorrectly; How, pp. 16, 18. 

'■2 How says: "William Aikings taken at Pieasant Point near 
George's Fort." Narrative, p. 16. 

90 



The Tola Journal 

June ye 6th 1-746 This Day there arrived to prison 
an old man Named Timothy Commins/ who was 
Taken by ye Indians at Georges fort, this man Gave 
us an account there was five men with him, when 
he was Taken yt made there Escape to ye fort, But he 
being above Sixty Years of age they Took him. 

June ye 22^ 1746 This Day there came 8 prison- 
ers^ to prison two yt had been Latly Taken, and ye 
other 6 had been Some time with ye Indians, these 
was all Taken By ye Indians, in ye Frontiers of New 
England. 

July ye 5th 1-746 This Day pr favour of monsieur 
De Chalet we had permission, to Send a Second peti- 
tion To his Exelencey ye Governour of Boston for our 
Redemption, and Letters to our friends those yt Be- 
longd to our apartement this Day there was brought 
to prison a man yt was Taken by ye Indians at a 
place called Northfield named Jno Bement,^ who 



1 Timothy Cummings, aged about 60 years. On May 22, 
1746, he and five others were at work, about 40 rods from the 
block-house, when five Indians shot at them. He was captured, 
but the others escaped. He died after a " short but very tedious" 
illness, Apr. 13, 1747. — How, pp. j6, 21; Norton, p. }6\ 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 48 ; Coll. de MSS. rel. a la Noiiv. 
France, vol. iii. p. 282. 

2 Among these were Deacon Timothy Brown and Robert Mof- 
fat, who were captured May 6, 1746, at Lower Ashuelot, now 
Swanzey, N. H. They were afterwards returned. — How, p. 16; 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 44; Belknap, hi. H., 1831, p. 289. 

3 A party of twenty Indians, on June 20, 1746, came upon a 
number of men at work in the meadow at Bridgman's fort, about 
two miles below Fort Dummer, and in the skirmish that ensued, 

9« 



The Tote Journal 

Gave an account ye English was forming an Expedi- 
tion against this place, he also Gave us an account 
yt there was another man taken with him that was 
at present in ye hands of ye Indians. 

July ye 2oth 1 746 This Day was Brought to prison 
a man Named Jno Jones/ who was Taken bound 
from Luisbourg to Newfoundland and Brought to 
this place, who Gave us an account yt he took his 
Departure from Luisbourg with four french men, 
and one English man, and Landed In Some place yt 
he was unacquainted with, where ye English man 
Either Died or was killed By ye French yt was with 
him, after which, they Ran away with ye Vessell, 
and Brought him to this place. 

July ye 2 1 St 1-746 This Day there was Brought To 

they killed William Robbins and so severely wounded James 
Parker, of Springfield, that he died the next day. They also 
wounded Michael Gilson and Patrick Ray, and took John Beau- 
mont, Beaman or Bement, and Daniel How captive. Bement 
was brought down to Quebec from Montreal by Lieutenant Fa- 
laise. How was the son of David How, and nephew of Nehemiah 
How. Bridgman's fort was on the site of Vernon, in the present 
town of Hinsdale, Vermont. See the following accounts for dis- 
crepancies: Noah V^r'ight, Journal ; Taylor's appendix to Wil- 
liams, 1795, p. 116; Coll. de MSS. rel. a la Nottv. France, vol. 
iii. p. 282; Hoyt, p. 236; N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 51; 
Doolittle, hlarraUve. 

1 He was carried to the " Bay of Arb," where there was an 
army of French and Indians, to whom he was delivered, and by 
them he was sent to Canada. A John Jones belonged to the 8th 
Company of Colonel Moulton's Third Mass. Regiment, which 
took part in the expedition against Louisburg, How, p. 17 ; 
N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. xxv. p. 258. 

92 



Tbe Tote Journal 

prison a man, Named John Richard who was taken 
by ye Indians at a place Called Rochester In ye pro- 
vience of Newhamshire he Gave us an account, there 
was four men and a Boy killed when he was taken, 
and himself wounded.^ 

August ye i=^tii 1-746 This Day there was Brought 
to Prison Seven Prisoners, that was Taken at ye Island 
of Saint Johns,^ four of which was Soldiers yt Be- 
longd to Luisbourg, and three Belongd on Board 

1 A party of Indians of St. Franfois came upon five men in a 
field at Rochester, N. H., twenty miles from Portsmouth, on June 
2 7> 1746. After some shots, the men tooi< refuge in a deserted 
house on the main road to Dover. The Indians pursued, tore 
off the roof of the house, and with their guns and tomahawks 
dispatched Joseph Heard, Joseph Richards, John Wentworth, and 
Gershom Downs, and wounded and captured John Richards. 
Immediately after this they captured Jonathan Door, a lad about 
ten years old, as he sat on a fence. John Richards soon returned 
home from captivity, and died in 1793. Door lived with the In- 
dians until after the conquest of Canada, and returned to his 
native place. Richards was brought into Qiiebec by Lieutenant 
Chatelain ofTrois Rivieres. How, p. 17; Belknap, N. H. ; Ha- 
ven, Rochester ; Coll. de MSS. rel. a la Noiiv. France, vol. iii. 
p. 288. 

2 They were captured July 10, 1746, on St. John's Island, now 
Prince Edward's, by a detachment of 300 Micmacs, under En- 
sign Croisille de Montesson, who had been sent out by De Ra- 
mezay. Among the captives were Robert Dewen or Downing, 
William Daily of New York, Richard Bennet, Samuel Vaughan, 
John Pringle, also called William Prindle, Daniel or William 
Norwood, and a soldier Davis. James Owen, of Brookfield, Mass., 
was among the killed, and one Brisson was a pilot of one of the 
vessels. See an account of this affair in N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. 
X. p. 57. 

93 



The Tote Journal 

Capt Rouse/ these men Inform^ us there was Severel 
others killed, and Taken when they was, Some of 
which they Expect^ hear in a Short time. 

August ye i6th I -746 Thomas Jones Died of a 
feaver after about Seven or Eight Days Sickness, this 
man was Taken at a place Called Contoocook and 
had Been In prison Since ye 24tli of may Last 

August ye 25tli This Day there was a Squall of 
Snow. 

Septembrye 12th This Day there was Brought to 
prison a man yt was Taken on ye Island of St Johns, 
Named Robt Dewen^ a Soldier yt Belongd to Luis- 
bourg, who had Been with ye Indians Some Time 
and Sufferd much abuse 

Septembr ye 1 5th i -746 This Day there was Brought 
to prison twenty three Prisoners, that was Taken at 
ye Fort Messechsetts,^ who Gave us an account they 



ipor sketches of Captain John Rouse, see Akins, Select, from 
Pub. Docs, of Nova Scotia, p. 225 ; N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. 
p. 59 ; Drake, Fr. and hid. IVar. His wife was killed Aug. 10, 
1746, at Boston. A lad had been shooting at a mark on a tree, 
when a bullet from his musket, after grazing the wife of Captain 
Clark Gayton, entered the forehead of Mrs. Rouse and caused her 
death. Pa. Gazette, Aug. 21, 1746. 

'-^Robert Downing, and he had been with the Indians two 
months. How, p. 18. 

3 It lay in the present town of Adams, Berkshire County, Mass. 
The best contemporary account of its surrender is that of the Rev. 
John Norton, chaplain of the fort. It was originally printed in 
1748, in Boston. For other accounts compare Noah Wright, 
Journal; hi. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 65, 77; Taylor's ap- 
pendix to Williams, 1795 ; and for a list of the garrison, Hoyt, 

94 



The Tote Journal 

was taken By about Eight or Nine hundred french 
and Indians, Comma'J By monsieur Devaudrielle,^ after 
about 30 hours Seige, they Capitulated and Surendred 
themselves prisoners of war, on these Terms Viz. yt 
their familyes Should Live togather, without any mo- 
lestation by ye Indians, and that their woman Should 
not Be Exposed to march, nor any of their people De- 
liver^i Into ye hands of ye Indians, they also Gave us 
an account, yt one of their woman 2 was Deliver^ of a 
Child by ye way that was Chrisned Captivity, and 
yt Six of their people was In ye hands of ye Indians, 
ye Reverend mr John Norton ^ their Chaplain, and 
Sergentjno Hawks ^ who CommcJ yefort when Taken, 
was put with us In our mess. 

Antiq. Research., p. 238. In 1888 the site of the fort was marked 
by a solitary elm. See the article by Dr. D. D. Slade in Maga- 
zine of Amer. History, vol. xx. p. 285. 

1 Pierre Francois Rigaud, Chevalier de Vaudreuil. There is a 
sketch of him in Morgan, Celebrated Canadians, pp. 46, 47. 
See also the index of N. Y. Col. Docs., under Rigaud. 

2 Mary, wife of John Smeed, Sr. Her child died May 18, 
1747, aged about nine months. 

3 Norton was born in Berlin, Conn., in 17 16. After his return 
from captivity, he became pastor of the Congregational church in 
East Hampton, Middlesex Co., Conn., and died there of the small- 
pox, March 24, 1778, aged sixty-two years. Field, Middlesex Co., 
and Hist, of Berkshire. See also his letter on the capitulation of 
Ft. Mass., dated Aug. 20, 1746, the day of its surrender. This 
letter was found on the well crotch, after the enemy had burnt 
the fort and carried off the people. Pa. Gazette, Sept. 25, 1746 ; 
Norton, p. 1 1 . 

4 Sergeant John Hawks commanded at Fort Massachusetts when 
it capitulated, Aug. 20, 1746. As early as the loth of May of 

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The Tote Journal 

Septembr ye 24 This Day 6 more prisoners where 
Brought 4 of which was Taken at albaney, and two 
at ye Fort Messechusetts 

September ye 25th This Day There Came to Prison 
thirty Seven men 2 women and 2 Children, who had 
been Taken by ye Castore and Laurore.^ there was 
Mr Willm Lambert Master, of his Majesty Biliander ye 
Albeney, Bound from Luisbourg to Boston, and Taken 
by ye Castore, Came This Day Into our Room and Be- 
longd to our mess, 

that year, he and John Miles, while on horseback near the fort, 
were wounded by two Indians. Hawks fell from his horse, but, 
strangely enough, escaped, as did also his companion. In Feb., 
1748, with Matthew Ellison and John Taylor, he set out for Can- 
ada with a flag of truce. They proceeded up the Connecticut 
River to Charlestown, and on the i ith left that place for Crown 
Point. On the way they endured many hardships, and encamped 
at night on the snow. From Crown Point they went to Canada 
by the way of Lake Champlain. In Canada they were well re- 
ceived but closely watched, and, having secured the release of 
Hawks's nephew, Samuel Allen, and Nathan Blake, two captives, 
they set out for home. Hawks arrived at Deerfield May 4, 1748. 
In the next French and Indian war Hawks rose to the rank of lieu- 
tenant colonel ; was at the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758, and with 
the army in the conquest of Canada. He was a native of Deer- 
field, and a proprietor of Upper-Ashuelot, now Keene, N. H., and 
was no less esteemed by the inhabitants of Deerfield for his civil 
qualities than by his superior officers in the army for his military 
skill. In Cavendish there is an elevation called Hawks mountain, 
named after this brave commander. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 
153; Taylor's appendix, pp. 115, 117; A'. E. Hist, and Gen. 
Reg., vol. ix. p. 164 ; Hoyt, pp. 235, 238. 

1 The vessel Le Castor was earlier commanded by Sieur Dubois, 
but at this time by M. de Saillies. The L'Aurore was commanded 

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The Tote Journal 

September ye 26 This Day there was brought Into 
prison 75 men and two women, four was put Into 
our Room to mess with us Capt David Roberts^ of 
Dartmouth in Devonshire, and was Taken By ye Lau- 
rore and Castore, Bound from Newfounland to Liz- 
bourn, mr Jno pike of Road island freighter and 
owner of ye Schooner Bress, and Taken by ye Lau- 
rore, Capitaine Diviniaua^ Commander, and mr John 
Boydell Clark of his Majestys Sloop ye Albaney, and 
mr Jonathan Salter, Commander of ye Sloop Endeavour, 
Bound from Phelidelphia to Luisbourg and Taken by 
ye Laurore, 

Septembr ye ^oth This Day there was brought To 
prison, Sarah Bryant^ yt was Taken at Goramtown. 
This Day there was a List Taken of all our Names and 
Conditions, and our Number amounted to 259 all in 

by M. Duvignan. They took six small craft, three of which were 
freighted with cattle, and the remainder with provisions. Their 
prisoners amounted to 168, the greater part of whom were sent 
to Quebec; the others either died of the epidemic prevailing 
amongst them or were too sick to be transported, and remained 
at Minas. Duvignan left the prisoners in charge of his lieutenant, 
Sieur de Gay, and sailed for France in the Castor. A^. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. X. pp. 61-63; Norton, pp. 29-31. 

1 Hediedincaptivity, June3, 1747, after 19 days of serious illness. 

2 M. Duvignan. 

3 Sarah Bryant or Briant was the widow of William Bryant. 
While in prison at Qiiebec, on Nov. 20, 1746, she was married 
to Leonard Liddle, or Lydle, by the Rev. John Norton. She took 
sick on May i, 1747, and died on the 8th. Lydle was one of 
Capt. James Swindal's men. Norton, p. 38, who does not men- 
tion her marriage; How, pp. 19, 21 ; Pote. 

13 97 



The Tote Journal 

one house, and ye Greatest part of us, in a miserable 
Lowsey Condition. 

October ye 2d This Day Brought Into prison two 
prisoners one of which was Jonathen^ ye Soldier yt 
was Taken with me, at anapolis and had been with 
ye Indians 17 monthes and Came to prison in a Tat- 
terd Lowsey Condition 

October ye 5th This Day Brought Into prison 12 
prisoners, from ye Bay of Verd and two Died By ye 
way, and this Day was Brought to prison also, Mr 
Richard Stubs- who was taken By ye Indians at New 
Casco, and had his Companion Shot Down by his Side, 
and he wounded in ye Shoulder, he Discharged his 
peice and wounded an Indian in ye arm, this man 
Gave me an account yt my friends was In Good health. 

6th This Day Came Into our mess mr Pinkam and 
mr Phillips Masters of Vessells.^ 



1 This was Jonathan Donham or Dunham, a soldier, taken with 
Pole, May 17, 1745. He died Nov. 28, 1746, after an illness of 
eight or ten days, of inflammation of the lungs. How gives his 
name incorrectly as Jonathan Batherick. The other prisoner brought 
into prison with him may have been Jacob Shepard of West- 
borough, who was captured at Fort Massachusetts, and died May 
30, 1747. As to this, however, there are discrepancies. How, 
p. 19 ; Norton, p. 29. 

2 He was captured Aug. 26, 1746. 

3 Capt. Zephaniah Pinkham, master of a whaling sloop from 
Nantucket, and Capt. John Phillips, master of a fishing schooner 
from Marblehead. They were captured near the harbor of Che- 
bucto, and were permitted to sail for home by way of the West 
Indies, in reward for good service rendered by them in piloting 
the Le Castor and L'Aurore into Chebucto. Norton, p. 29 ; Pote. 

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The Tote Journal 

October ye i2tti This Day there was Brought to 
Prison 24 Prisoners from ye Bay Verd that was taken 
By ye Castore and Laurore, these men Inform^ us yt 
they was thirty Days without Eating a peice of Bread. 

octobr ye 1 6th This Day ye Major came to prison 
and promised yt Capt Chapman Sutherland and my 
Self Should have ye Liberty to Go to trance or ye 
west indies, and promisd mr Pinkam and phillips, 
they Should Go to france or ye west Indias for their 
Good Service done ym In pilating ye Castore and 
Laurore into Jabuctaus.^ This Day also we took an 
account of ye Prisoners, and found our Number to 
amount to 267 men women and Children. 

October ye 19th This Day there arrived from ye 
Bay Verd 6 Prisoners, yt was in a Verey miserable 
Condition for want of Provisions, By Reason of Con- 
trary winds and Bad weather. 

October ye 20th This Day Died Jacob Read who 
was Taken at Gorham town ye 19th of apriel past, by 
ye Indians he was aged about 57 Years and had been 
Declining Some time. 

October ye 24th This morning there was a Great 
Uprore Concerning two prisoners that made their 
Escape Last Night, Edward Cloutman who was taken 
at Gorhamtown, and Robt Donbar- ye was taken at 

1 Chebucto Bay, near Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

2 Robert Dunbar was doubtless taken captive as he was scout- 
ing on the road between Albany and Fort Oswego. His loss 
was greatly lamented, as he had performed most important ser- 
vices as a ranger, ever since the war began. There was a Robert 
Dunbar at Albany in 1730, and he is mentioned in a letter from 

99 



The Tote Journal 

albeney, this Day we was all Called over by our 
Names, to know if there was any more missing, and 
a Gaurd of about 20 man, placed round ye house. 

October ye 27th This Day arrived a man to prison 
that was Taken at albeney By ye Indians, yt Gave us 
an account there was 10 killed^ when he was taken, 
at this Time there was none admitted to Come to ye 
prison nor to Speak with us, on any acompt 

October ye 29th This Day Came ye major and Told 
us to Give him an account of what Nessessy we 
wanted, for our Voyage to france. 

October ye_3ist This Day there Came orders for 
Capt Pinkham and phillips, and thirteen of their 
people, to be Carried on Board ye Ships, yt was bound 
for ye west Indies, I Sent two Letters by ym, one to 
mr Bastide ye Chief Engr, and another to my father.^ 

November ye ist This Day Returnd Back to prison 
one of Capt phillips People who was Sick, Named 
Jno Pitman,^ this Day Died Jno Read yt formerly Be- 
longd to Capt Jno Gorhams Company, it hapned to 
be ye poor Young mans fortune, to be Carrid out ye 



the Commissioners of Indian Affairs to Governor John Mont- 
gomery of New York, which relates to French encroachments in 
western New York. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. v. p. 910; Drake, 
p. 90. 

1 How gives it thus: "A man was brought to prison, and 
says, the Indians took five more, and brought ten Scalps to 
Montreal." Narrative, p. 19. 

-'Capt. William Pote, Sr. 

3John Pitman, of Marblehead. He died of the scurvy, June 10, 
1747. Norton, p. 39. 

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The Tote Journal 

Next man to his father, ye aforsd Jacob Read, who 
Died ye 20th of the Last month 

November ye 4th This Day arrived 6 Prisoners 
that had Been Some time at montrial and was taken 
at times on ye frontears of New England, by ye In- 
dians, this montrial is about 60 Leagus up ye River, 
above this place. 

November ye 5th This Day we had Inteligence 
yt ye Ships was Saild for France, and yt none of us 
yt had Been promisd to Go Could Be admitted, by 
any means, this was Sorrowfull News to me and all 
of us, yt had made So much Dependanc[eJ on Going 
to france. 

Novmbr ye 9th This Day was brought to prison 
one Jno maccaune,^ yt was Taken at a place Called 

1 Pote is mistaken in tiie name. He was Capt. John McNear, 
who came to Newcastle early in the history of the colony. The 
Indians had long been desirous of capturing him, and at last 
succeeded. He was twice taken, and as often exchanged. The 
first time, September 15, 1745, they took him just at night, at 
the Marsh Bridge, as he was driving his cows home from pasture. 
William Hopkins, of Jefferson, and the brothers Anderson were 
captured at the same time. McNear returned home, and, being 
in Indian attire, frightened one of his neighbors whom he met 
on the cow path at Dark Swamp Hill, and who, believing all 
was now over with him, surrendered himself, expecting to be 
taken to Canada. His joy was indescribable when he discovered 
his supposed captor to be his friend, and they together hastened 
home to receive a joyous welcome. The second time he was 
taken, October 20, 1746, he was threshing corn in his barn, 
with his brother-in-law, James Anderson, the father of James 
and Samuel Anderson. They were taking their dinner, when 
the Indians came along secretly, and, the dog barking, they 

loi 



The Tote Journal 

Sheapsquet, By ye Indians, this man Gave us an ac- 
count, of 10 Sail of French men of war arrived to 
Jabuctaus, and 40 Transports, this Day Died one 
Davis/ a Soldier, yt was taken at ye Island of St. Johns. 

November ye loth This Day was built a Centerey 
Box, in ye prison Yard By ye Gate, this Night they 
had orders from ye General to Count us twice a Day, 
Viz night and morning Least any more of us, Should 
Endeavour to make our Escape. 

13th Died John Bingham 2 who was taken with 
Capt Willm Chapman, about 160 Leagus To ye Eas- 
ward of ye Banks of Newfoundland this man had Been 
of Great Service to us, Ever Since our arrivel to this 
place, as he had Cookd and washd for us Constantly. 

showed themselves. A fight ensued, in which Anderson was 
killed after having wounded an Indian. Thereupon McNear 
surrendered, and was carried for the second time to Canada, 
where he arrived in prison at Qiiebec November 22. Capt. 
John McNear, Sr., was a noted man, and town clerk for a num- 
ber of years. He was born in 1701, married Mary Shirley of 
Chester, N. H., and died in November, 1798. He owned lot 
No. 12, which he bought from William Hopkins. The names 
of his ten children, four sons and six daughters, are Captain 
John, Jr., James, Joseph, Thomas, Anne, Sarah, Nelly, Betsy, 
Jane and Margaret, the youngest, born in the garrison, and 
while her father was a prisoner in Quebec. Cushman, Hist, 
of Anc. Sbeepscot and Newcastle, pp. 149-151, 404; Norton, p. 
32 ; How, p. 19. 

ijohn Davis was captured with Mr. Norman on the Island of 
St. John's, July 10, 1746. He was a soldier and belonged to the 
King's forces at Louisburg. How, p. 19; Norton, pp. 31, 32. 

2 Norton says : " He belonged to Philadelphia." Redeemed Cap., 
p. 32. 

102 



The Tote Journal 

at this time we was allowed, But four iiours In twenty 
four to walk in ye Yard, and orders from ye General 
In all ye Roomes Viz Eight, yt we must Be By our Beds 
or hammocks, to Be Numbrd by ye officer of ye Gaurd, 
at Eight at Night, and 6 In ye morning. 

Novbr ye i ■yth Died Nathan Ames ^ that was Taken 
at ye fort Messechusetts 

Novbr ye I gth this Day was Brought to prison one 
Robert Adams - yt was Taken By ye Indians at Sheaps- 
quet. Died andrew Hanes^ a Dutch man yt had Been 
Taken by ye Indians at Saratogue, heard yt Some of 
ye Five Nations of Indians Viz ye mohawks had Been 
Near montrial and killed 4 or 5 french people and 
Taken 7 prisoners'* 

Novembr ye 20th This Day Died one Jacob Grout 
a Duch man ^ that was Taken a[t] Sorastoga at 4 
P M was Married Lanerd Liddle, a Man yt was taken 



1 Nathan Eames of Marlborough, Middlesex Co., Mass. Some 
of the family spell the name Ames. No mention is made of him 
in the genealogies in Hudson, Hist, of Marlborough ; Sewall, 
Hist. oflVoburn; or Barry, Hist, of Framingbam. Hudson, p. 
139, simply states that he was taken prisoner at Fort Massachu- 
setts. 

2 He was captured at Sheepscott, Oct. 20, 1 746. Norton, p. 32. 

3 Norton says: "Nov. 18. Died at night, Andrew Sconce. 
He was taken near Albany, August 17, 1746." Redeemed Cap., 
p. 32. 

4See N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 86, 179; Gov. Shirley's 
Message to the General Court of Mass. -Bay, Dec. 30, 1746. 

5 He belonged to Schenectady, and was taken captive April 27, 
1746. Norton, p. 32, who calls him John Grote. The name is 
more likely Groot. 

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The Tote Journal 

with Capt Swindal To a Woman Named Sarrah Bry- 
ant, yt was Taken at Gorhamtown, By ye Indians ye 
19th of Last april, and Lost her husband and four 
Chilldren, killed By ye Indians yt Took her there was 
present at the Ceremony, ye Commissary and mon- 
sieur De Chalet, preformed By ye Reverd mr John 
Norton Late Chaplain of ye fort Messechusets, By per- 
mission from his Lordship ye General. 

22d This Day Brought In a prisoner ^ yt was Taken 
at Sheepsquet, in ye County of York, in ye Provience 
of ye Massechusets who Gave us an account there 
was News in Boston, of a French man of war- Being 
Cast away on ye Isle of Sables a 60 Gun Ship. 

Novbr ye 24 This Day Died Jno Bradshaw,^ a man 
of about 27 Years of age, who was Taken By mon- 
sieur marain, when Capt Donehew was killed, this 
Young man was buryed with much Ceremoney, Be- 
cause they Supposed him a Catholick, and was Hon- 
ourably Buryed In their Church Yard. 

1 Capt. John McNear. 

2The corvette La Legere, Capt. Guillimin, commander, and 
wrecked in Sept., 1746. Guillimin went ashore on Sable Island 
duringthe night ofthe i4and i 5 of Sept. (new style), and succeeded 
in saving only a little powder and lead. Four days later he dis- 
covered three Englishmen, who conducted him to a miserable 
cabin, in which he wintered. He remained on this island until 
June 13 (new style), when he and his crew were taken by some 
English fishing smacks, which carried them to Boston, where they 
arrived on the 22. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 124, 125. 

3 He was wounded when captured, but recovered. During most 
ofthe time of his captivity he was ill with consumption, of which 
disease he died. How, p. 19; Norton, p. 32. 

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The Tote Journal 

Novr ye 28th Died Jonathan Donham^ one of my 
people, of an Inflamation of ye Lungs, and was Car- 
ried out In ye Box, yt was made for ye first yt Died, 
which was made about 6 foot. In Length, 2 foot 
Broad i ^ foot high or Deep, and four handles like a 
handbarrow, they was Carried Between two men, 
and where they was Carried we Never Could Learn', 
But they Usualy Returnfl with ye Box in a Verey 
Short time. 

Nov ye 30th Died Capt. Willm Bagley- yt was 
Taken By ye Laurore, Bound from Newburey to Cap 
britune, after having Been Sick 14 Days with a fea- 
vour, this man was Lemented by us, he Being one ye 
\i. e., yt] Bore a Good Charrector, and was Carried out 
in ye aforsd Box, By two Chimney Sweepers. 

December ye 2d This Day Died a Duch man 
Named, Geret Vanderverick '^ and was taken at al- 
baney by monr marrain, this man. Left his father and 
mother In ye prison with one Sister, his father aged 
about 75 Years, and was a prisoner In this place In 
Quean Anns war, and his mother about 72, Both 
abliged to march from albany about a Year past to 
this place, 

1 He died after eight or ten days' sickness. Norton, p. 33. 

2 How says: "Nov. 29. Capt. Bailey of Almsbury died." 
Narrative, p. 20. Bagley is undoubtedly the correct name, and 
is so spelled by Norton. 

3 Norton says : " December 1 . Died Gratis Vanderveriske, after 
a tedious sickness of six or seven weeks. He belonged to Sarra- 
tago, and was taken by the enemy, November 17th, 1745." Re- 
deemed Cap., p. 33. 

14 105 



The Tote Journal 

Decembr ye 6th This Day Died Pike Gordon ^ a 
Young man yt was taken By ye Indians, at a place 
Called Sawcoe there is now about thirty People Sick 
In this prison. 

Decembr ye ytii Died Martha Cluackinbush " a Girl 
of about 12 Years of age. 

Decembr ye 1 1 th Died Meriam Scott, ^ yt was Taken 
at ye Fort Messechusets Last august Left Behind, hear, 
her husband and two Children. 

Decemr ye i^th we that Belongd to our Room, 
wrote a Letter to ye Entendant and wishd him a 



1 He was a son of Joseph Gordon, of Saco, and was taken cap- 
tive Sept. 6, 1746, while on his way from his father's house to 
the Falls. He and his brother Joseph set out with the intention 
of going to their work at the Cole mill, when they were sur- 
prised by some Indians. Joseph was shot, and Pike was taken 
prisoner. The Indians carried him to Canada, where he arrived 
in the prison at Quebec, Oct. 5. On the journey thither he 
enforced the respect of the savages by his fearless deportment, 
and was admitted by them to their mess. A curious monody on 
the death of these two brothers was composed, it is said, by a 
young woman, Joseph's betrothed. Folsom, Hist, of Saco and 
Biddcford, pp. 243, 244 ; Norton, p. 29. He was ill eleven days, 
and all the time delirious. Norton, p. 33. 

2 She was taken captive at Saratoga, Nov. 17, 174=), and had a 
" long and tedious sickness." Norton, p. 33. 

■* Miriam Scott, the wife of Moses Scott, both taken captive 
when Fort Massachusetts capitulated, Aug. 20, 174b. On August 
24, while on the Journey to Canada, she was wet through with 
rain, from which she contracted a fatal illness. "She wasted 
away to a mere skeleton, and lost the use of her limbs." Norton, 
pp. 16, 33. Her youngest child, Moses Scott, aged two years, 
died of consumption, Feb. 10, 1747. Norton; How; Pote. 

106 



The Tote Journal 

happy and merrey Chrismass &c, Sent us a Cagg of 
Clerrett Containing about 3 Gallons 

December ye 16 Died Jno boon' an apprintice to 
Capt Dav.d Roberts 

Decembr ye 18 Died Mary,- ye wife of Wm Wood- 
well, a woman yt Bore an Exceeding Good Charector 
among all ye Prisoners, and Left behind her In this 
place, her husband and two Children, and a Daughter 
in ye hands of ye Indians, aged about 18 Years. 

Decembr ye 20th This Day wrote a Petition to 
his Exelencey, ye Governour of Boston, By Incourage- 
ment, and permision, from monsieur De Chalet a 
Gentelman, who has been a Great Benifactor to us, 
Since we have had ye misfortune to be hear, this Gen- 
tleman Promises us to Do all, yt Lays in his power, 
to forward our petition, and Lettres which we hope 
will meet with Succes, 

Decembr ye 2 1 st New Years Day ^ with ye French , 
this morning monsieur Lorain, Sent us In two Bottles 
ofBrandy, and Some mutten Pies and wishd us a happy 
New Year. 

Decembr ye 2}^ Died Rebecah ^ wife of Jno Perrey, 
She Left behind her, in this place her husband, 

1 How and Norton both give the date as Dec. 15th. He was 
captured at sea, May i, 1746, and belonged to Devonshire, Eng- 
land. His death was due to consumption. Norton, p. 33. 

2 She was the wife of David Woodwell of New Hopkinton, and 
died of the yellow fever, after an illness of nearly two weeks' dura- 
tion. She had two sons, Benjamin and Thomas, and a daughter, 
Mary. See a former note for a fuller description of this family. 

3 The French reckoned new style, the English old style. 

4 She was one of the captives from Fort Massachusetts, taken 

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The Tote Journal 

December ye 25th Christmas, This Day Some Gen- 
tleman had So much Regard for us as to Send us a 
Couple Gallons of Brandy for our Room, to Celebrate 
our Christmass with mirth, and forget our Sorrows, 
But we found ye thoughts of our misfortuns, was 
So Imprinted in us, that all ye Brandy in New france 
is not Capable to make us forget it, while we Remain 
thus In Confinement. 

Decembr ye 26th Died one William Daly^ of New 
York, was put out in ye Yard when Sowed up In a 
Canvis bag, and left all Night in ye frost. 

January ye 2d [ 1 747] Died a man Named Thos Atkin- 
son ^ who was Taken with Capt James Swindal In may 
1 745, Ever Since a prisoner, a Stout Likly Young fellow 

January ye 3d This Day Died Josette Lorain, our 
Prison keepers Daughter, about i 5 Years of age, one 
that had behavd Verey well to ye prisoners, and 
abliged them all yt Lay in her power, this Day Died 
also Jonathan Hogadon,^ taken at Saratogue, a Native 

Aug. 20, 1746. She " had a cold, and was exercised with wreck- 
ing pains until she died." Norton, p. 33. 

1 William Daly, or Dayly, was one of Capt. John Rouse's men 
taken captive on St. John's Island, July 10, 1746. He had a very 
long illness, and several times seemed to revive ; but he took re- 
lapses, which so weakened him that he died. " He swelled in 
his neck and side of his face, and mortified." Norton, p. 34. 

2 He came from Lancashire, England. He was very ill eight 
or nine days. Norton, p. 34. 

3 He was taken captive while on a scout near Fort Ann, Nov. 
16, 1743 ; and died after an illness of over two months' duration. 
Norton, p. 34. Norton and How give his name respectively as 
Hogadorn and Harthan. 

108 



The Tote Journal 

of Albeney, and was taken by ye Indians and Brought 
hear. 

January ye 4111 Buryed monsieur Lorains Daughter, 
In a Verey Genteel and Decent manner, after having 
had many Ceremonies. 

January ye 5th Died In ye City of Quebec ye Rev- 
erend Father, Chaveleze, a man of a Brave Presence, 
he was of ye order of Saint francoise, and one of ye 
Governours Council a Great and Learnd man, about 
14 Days past, brought his Reasons in writing why ye 
Roman Catholick faith was preferable to ye Protestant, 
he Gave it to ye Reverd mr John Norton our minister 
to answer, he was Verey Industrious in Visiting ye 
Sick In this prison, and made Several Converts to ye 
Roman faith Both of Sick and well, and Caught his 
Distemper In ye Prison By his frequent Visits. 

Janury ye 12th This Day 20 Sick people Carried 
out of ye Prison to an hospital Provided on purpose 
for Sick Prisoners ^ 

Jany 13 This Day Died one Francois andrews^ a 
man yt Belongd to Cape Ann. 

Jan ye 15th Died Jacob Bagley* Brother to Willm 

1 This prison hospital was provided at the governor's order, in 
the hope that thereby the prevailing epidemic might be arrested. 
Three men attended the sick prisoners here, and as soon as any 
became ill they were carried out to this house. 

2 How gives his Christian name incorrectly as " Phineas." He 
came from Cape Ann ; was taken captive at sea, June 24, 1746, 
and died of a bloody flux ; being the first one who died in the 
newly provided prison hospital. Norton, p. 34. 

3 He belonged to Newbury ; was taken captive at sea. May 26, 
1746, and died after about two days' illness. Norton, p. 34. 

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The Tote Journal 

Bagley formerly Deceasd, this man had been Sick But 
24 hours with Pleurisey. 

January ye 17th 3 men taken Sick and Sent to ye 
hospital. Returnd one Named Quacinbush.^ DiedGuy 
Braband " of Capt Chapmans People after long Sickness 

January ye 21 wite washed our Room During 
which Time, we Laid our Beds out In ye Snow, Verey 
Sickley house almost Every Day Some Sent to ye hos- 
pital, and few Return, never Less then 20 or 30 Sick 
at ye hospital 

January ye 23 Died Samuel Lovet,^ one that was 
taken at ye Messechusetts fort, this man Died of an 
Inflamation on his Lungs, this Night had a Dispute, 
de quelque Chose avec monr Lorain qu'il le fitsfache. 

January ye 28 Cold Cloudy weather we was all 
Verey Sickly, and Dayly Sending people to ye hos- 
pital, thanks Be to almighty God I am in Good health, 
although Discontented with my Confinement. 

Febuary ye 7 Returnd 6 or Eight of ye people 
from ye hospital yt Gave us an account yt they was 
Cheifly on ye mending hand at ye hospital. 

Feb ye i oth Died a Child ^ of Moses Scotts aged 

1 He may have been either Jacob or Isaac Qiiackinbush. They 
both died some time later and on the same day. 

2 Guy Braband, Giat Braban, or Guyart Brabbon, was Capt. 
Chapman's carpenter, and came from Maryland. He was ill ten 
weeks. Norton, p. 34 ; How, p. 20. 

3 He was the son of Major Lovet of Mendon,and was ill nearly 
a month. How, p. 20; Norton, p. 35. 

4 Norton says : " Feb. 1 1. Died in the morning, Moses Scot, 
son to Moses Scot. He was a child of about two years old, and 
died with the consumption." Redeemed Cap., p. 3^. 

I ic 



Tbe Tote Journal 

about 2 Years, this Day, Buissey Several of ye Pris- 
oners, yt was Imployed by monsieur Laurain ye Prison 
keeper, to throug[h] ye Snow out of ye Yard, over 
ye piquets. 

Feb ye 1 1 Died a man^ that had been Some time 
Lame, and on his Death Bed Reflected on another In 
ye prison, whom he Said was ye Cause of his Death, 
by a blow he had Received from him Some time past 
in ye Prison. 

Feby 14 Sent out one Susanah Carter alies Phil- 
lips- to Lye in, She having by her Industrey, and ye 
help of one Cornelious, prepared her Self for it. Since 
She was Taken, although She has been almost Con- 
tinualy Differing about her Credit, with ye others her 
Companions 

Febu I 5th This Day Brought in 7 Prisoners^ from 
morial [Montreal], who had been Taken Some time 
past, on ye fronteers of New England By ye Sauvages, 
they Gave me an account of two men yt had made 

1 Norton says: " Wm. Galbaoth, a Scots-man. He was taken 
at sea, April 4th, 1746 ; was sick about a month before he died." 
Redeemed Cap., p. 35. William Garwafs. How, p. 20, Pote 
calls him in his list William Gilbert. 

2 A daughter was born to her. There are differences as to the 
date of death of the child and its name. Pote calls the child Ann 
Carter. Norton gives the following entry: "April 30. Died 
Susanna McCartees, infant child." Redeemed Cap., p. 37. Pote's 
dates for the same are April 26 and May 2. 

3 Their names were Daniel How, nephew of Nehemiah How, 
John Sunderland, John Smith, Richard Smith, William Scot, 
Philip Scoffil, and Benjamin Tainter, son of Lieut. Tainter of 
Westborough in New England, How, pp. 20, 21. 

1 1 1 



The Tote Journal 

their Escape from montrial, and In their way killed 
two Young Indians, and Scalpd them, and yt Some of 
our mowhawk Indians had Come on ye Borders Near 
morial [Montreal], & killed 1 5 french people, and taken 
Some Prisoners, and Burned Several of their houses, 
this Day there was Several Children taken out of 
prison. By ye orders of his Lordship, and put at French 
houses at So much pr week. 

Feb ye 17 This Day there was taken out of Prison, 
James price, a Lad yt had been Taken at Sarostoga 
about 16 months past, to Live with ye Priest Named 
monsieur Tonancour.^ 

Feb 23 Died Richard Bennit^ one of Capt Rouses 
people, who was Taken at ye Island of Saint Johns, 
this man Died of a Consumtion, 

Feb, 25. Died at ye hospital one Michal Woods ^ 
an Irish man yt was Taken with Capt Salter aged 
about 60 Years, this man had Been Sick but about 
24 hours and Died Verey Sudenly. 

March ye 2d there is at this time 2j^ Persons in 

1 No doubt M. de Tonnancourt, who was, in 1750, Bigot's 
deputy at Three Rivers. See hi. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 105, 
218, 219. 

2 Richard Bennet. " He belonged to the Jerseys ; " was taken 
captive July 10, 1746, and "had a long and tedious sickness." 
Norton, p. 35. 

2 The name is not correct here. Pote in his list gives it cor- 
rectly, Dugan. Spelled by How, Dugon, and by Norton, Do- 
gan. He enlisted at Philadelphia as a soldier for Louisburg, and 
was taken captive while on his passage. "He had been sick, 
and recovered, but took a relapse the 20th instant." Norton, 
P-35- 



The Tote Journal 

this prison and about 20 at ye hospital, this Day there 
was 17 men who had ye Itch put into ye Chambre 
over us to Be Cured. 

March loth Came to prison two Gentlemen from 
whom we had an account* of an affair at menis Viz 
yt about 550 men at arms at menis about 2 months 
past, had arrived In order to bring under ye Inhabit- 
ants ye Neutrel French, to a more Just observence of 
ye Neutrelaty, they brought with ym Timber Ready 
hewed, to Erect a fortification, and Necessery Stores 
Viz Cannon amonition &c, and i 50 pair of Irons, but 
they was Suprised by about 250 French and Indians 
from this place, when 133 where killed, & 417 Taken 
prisoners, 367 of which they Sent back to anapolis, 
on these Conditions, that Such a Number Should be 
Sent from boston, by ye first opertunity, and yt they 
Should ablige themselves, not to take up armes 
against his most Christian Majesty, for ye Term of 
Six months, 50 they Confind at menes as pledges, 
for ye Performance of ye above obligations, they 
Tell us In all this fray, they Lost But 2 french men 
and three Indians, But it wants Confirmation. 

March ye i6th Came to Prison two Gentlemen 
and two Ladys, and Brought with ym ye Daughter^ of 
one Qijacinbush, yt was Taken Near albeney, this 

1 Norton gives this account under date of March 5. 

2 Rachel Quackinbush. hi 1750, when an exchange of prison- 
ers, detained in Canada, was in progress, Lieut. B. Stoddert en- 
deavored repeatedly to persuade her to accompany him home, 
but she resolutely refused, abjured the Protestant faith, and pre- 
ferred to remain in Canada. A'. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 214. 

15 113 



The Tote Journal 

Child had been with ye French, Ever Since She was 
Taken with her Parents, which is about i8 months, 
there was her Father & mother Granfather and 
Grandmother In this prison, they Endeavourd to 
make her Speak with ym But She would not Speak 
a word Neither In Dutch nor English, one of ye 
Gentlemen Promised me, he would Send me a Shirt, 
and Some Brandy and Suger and Tabacoe &c, and yt 
he would do all In his power, for me to Be Exchangd 
ye first. 

ye I'yth march Saint Patricks Day many of ye Irish 
people In ye Prison Exceeding merrey with Brandy, 
they had as a present from monsieur Entendant to 
Celebrate ye Feast of Saint Patrick 

march ye 19th Brought Into prison two Prisoners 
Viz a man and a woman yt had been Taken at alba- 
ney Last octoby by ye Indians, they Gave us an ac- 
count there was two Boys Taken with ym one of 
which is at present with ye Indians. 

March ye 22^ Died John Fort ^ a Dutch man yt 
was taken about 18 months past Near albanay pr 
monsieur marrain, aged Near 70 Years, and one 



iCapt. Joharfnes Fort was one of the eight children of Jean Fort, 
alias Liberte, and Margriet RinckhoLit, his wife. He was cap- 
tured while on a scout near Fort Ann, November 16, 1745. 
Two of his brothers, Abraham and Jacob, and two nephews, 
sons of his brothers Jacob and Nicholas, were also detained as 
prisoners in Canada. Johannes was married to Rebecca Van 
Antwerpen. He died of consumption. Schuyler, in his Co/o«tfl/ 
New York, states that he died "December 7, 1746," which is an 
error. Compare, Norton, Redeemed Cap., p. 36; Schuyler, Co- 
lonial New York, vol. ii. pp. 371, 375. 

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The Tote Journal 

Samuil Goodman ' aged about 45, Taken at ye masse- 
chusetts Fort, 

march ye 29th Died mary ye wife of Jno Smeed^ 
of a feaver, She was Taken at ye Fort Massechusets, 
and was ye woman yt was Delivered of a Child on ye 
Road, as mentioned In Sepr ye i ^th 1 746. 

march ye 30th ye Gentleman yt Promised me to 
Send a Shirt &c, was as Good as his promis this Day 
Came Into prison one Susanah Boilison,^ yt had been 
taken out of prison for about 3 months past, To Live 
with a Gentlewoman In ye Town in ye Capacity of a 
Servant, and Could not agree with her mistress, She 
had ye Charector of as Great, &c. 

^Samuel Goodman, of South Hadley. He died of the scurvy. 
Norton, p. 36. 

2 The history of the Smeed or Smead family is tragical. They 
were taken captive at Fort Massachusetts, Aug. 20, 1746. While 
on their march to Canada, on the second night of their captivity, 
Aug. 21, Mrs. Smeed gave birth to a daughter, who was named 
Captivity, and was baptized by the Rev. John Norton on the 
following day. This child died on May 17 or 18, 1747, aged 
nine months. Mrs. JVlary Smeed died March 29, 1747, after an 
illness of eight weeks. Their son John died of consumption 
April 7 or 8, 1747; and another son, Daniel, died on May 13, 
1747. The father, John Smeed, returned home from captivity. 
While he was traveling from Northfield to Sunderland on Oct. 19, 
1747, he was killed and scalped near the mouth of Miller-'s River. 
He had returned home from Canada but a few days before. In 
a period of less than seven months the whole family had died. 
These facts are mainly gleaned from Norton, Redeemed Cap., and 
Taylor's appendix to Williams, 1795. 

3 Pote records her strange union with John Simson on July 
12, 1747. Norton does not mention either of them. 

>'5 



The Tote Journal 

March ye 31st Fine Pleasent weather this has 
been a more moderate march, then I Ever Saw In 
New England, ye French tells me they Never Saw 
Such a march. In this place Since ye Countrey was In- 
habited, ye water appears in ye River, and ye Ice Con- 
sumes unaccountably. 

Apriel ye 4th we hear yt Capt Jordan ^ who was 
taken by ye Laurore, Bound from Road Island to 
Luisbourg, and was Carried to ye hospital Some Days 
past is Verey dilirious, and Little or no prospect of 
Ricovering. 

april ye 7th our Sickness Seems to Increase and 
Return upon us with Violence and of a more Danger- 
ouse kind, for this few Days past, many Carried to ye 
hospital and few Return. 

apriel ye 8th Diedjno Smeed, Son ofjno Smeed 
that was Taken at massechsets fort Likewise Philp 
Scaffield,- yt Belonged at Some of ye Fronteers of N 
E, and had been taken by ye Indians. 

april ye 10th Died Capt James Jordan aforsd Capt 
of ye Schooner Breeze, and antonia^ a Porteguese, yt 
was Taken with ye Sd Jordan, a Verey Sickly Dis- 
tressed Time with us. Brought In Susanah Phillips, 



1 Capt. James Jordan died April 10, 1747. He belonged to the 
Massachusetts-Bay government, and was taken captive June i, 
1746. Norton, p. 36, who gives his name incorrectly. 

2 He belonged to the Pennsylvania soldiers, and was taken 
near Albany, Oct. 12, 1746. His illness was brief, but his fever 
violent. Norton, p. 36. Pote, How, and Norton spell his name 
alike, yet it may be more correctly Scofield. 

3 Antonio's "sickness was short." Norton, p. 36. 
116 



The Tote Journal 

which had been Deliverd of a Daughter, and was 
forcd from her, by order of ye General, to be Given 
to a french Nurse, till our Departure from this place, 

April ye 12 1 wrote a pettition for mrs Sarah Lid- 
die' to his Lordship ye General, for Permission to Go 
to ye hospital, to take Care of her husband, yt was In 
a Verey Dangerouse Condition. 

Apriel ye 1 3th a Gentleman Sent us two Bottles of 
Brandy, yt was Verey Exceptable to us at this time, 
This Day Died also Timothy Commins, aged about 
55 Years and one Amos pratt- yt was taken at ye fort 
massechusetts, he was ye 9th person yt Died of about 
26, yt was Taken at this place. 

14th The Hull of a man of war of 20 Guns was 
brought out of a Crick where She had Laid, all win- 
ter & Could not be Sent to france Last fall, by 
Reason ye Riging had been Taken by ye English Sun- 
dry Times, which they made no Scruple to Tell us. 

April ye 17th Died Jno DilP yt was Capt Salters 
mate a Good Sober Young man, yt was well Beloved 
by all ye Prisoners, and Regarded by ye French. 

April ye i8th This Day there was four Prisoners 



iShe was the relict of William Bryant, and had married Liddle 
in prison. 

2 He was from Shrewsbury, and died, according to How and 
Norton, on the 12th. He had a severe fever in November and 
December, 1746, but recovered, and fell ill again in the end of 
March following. Norton, p. 36; How, p. 21. 

3 He belonged to Nantaskett ; was taken captive May 29, 
1746, and was ill ten days. Norton, p. 36. How says: "John 
Dill, of Hull in New-England." Narr., p. 21. 

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The Tote Journal 

taken ill and Sent to ye hospital Died Samuel 
Vaughan,* one yt was Taken at Saint Johns Island 
by ye Indians, this man formerly Belonged to Capt 
Rouse 

April ye 23th Returned Lenard Liddle from ye hos- 
pital, after a Long and Dangerous Sickness this was 
ye first man yt Recovered Since ye Fever alterd. 

April ye 26th This Day Died Joseph Denen Late 
master of ye Schooner Trial,- Taken as mention^June 
1746, Likewise Came to prison three men yt was 
Taken at Solotoga ^ yt Gave us an account there was 
13 of their People killed, when they was taken, and 
their Scalps Brought with ym, also mr Williamson'' 
from Sheepsquet yt was Taken by ye Indians ye 14th 
Instant who Brings us Sundry accounts Viz yt ad- 

1 He belonged to Plymouth, in New England; was captured 
July 10, 1746, and was ill about eight days. Norton, p. 37. 
How calls him "Samuel Venhon," which is incorrect. 

2 The Trial was a fishing schooner. Denen was from Cape Ann ; 
was taken captive June 24, 1746, and died from weakness pro- 
duced by dysentery. Norton, p. 37, who calls him Joseph Den- 
ning. How, p. 21, gives his name as Joseph Denox. They both 
state that he died on the 27th. 

3 They were taken captive in April, 1747, and were brought in 
by Lieut. Herbin. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. pp. 95, 96. 

4 Capt. Jonathan Williamson was born in 1718 and died in 
1798. He came from England, and was one of the earliest and 
most respected settlers of Wiscasset, Lincoln Co., Maine. He 
was twice taken prisoner, both times at Wiscasset. The first 
time was in May, 1746, and he was detained in Canada six 
months. His second capture is that noted above. The Indians 
had waited for an opportunity to seize him, and told him that 
the Governor of Quebec desired an intelligent man who could 

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The Tote Journal 

miral Warren ' whent to Europe Last fall, and in Con- 
sequence of that, he Dispatchd two pacquets, one to 
ye Governour of Boston, and ye other to ye Governour 
of New York, which paquets arrived 14 Days Before 
he was taken, from whence we Learn he had Desired, 
ye Land forces might be in Readyness, for he was 
Comming with Eighteen Sail of ye Line, and Expected 
to arrive in America Some time in may. In order for ye 
Intire Reduction of all Canada^ 2dly that ye pretender 
yt had made Such a Noise and Confusion In Scotland, 
Disappeard and was Vanished Intirely out of ye Land 
3dly that our affairs In Europe meet with Tollerable 
Succes, and yt admiral martin^ had Drove all Before 
him on ye Coast of France, In Bombarding Some 
places, and Taking others, this in Some measure Con- 
firms what we had from a Gentelman Some Time 
past Viz, yt our forces had taken ye Town of St 
martins on ye Isle Du Roy in ye Bay of Biscay 4thly 
That a Verey Large fleet of ye Line with Storeships 
&c, arrived to Jebuctaus from old france Last fall 
Under ye Command of a General officer whom he 



give him a correct account of the situation of affairs in the Eng- 
lish provinces. He was exchanged in 1748 and returned home 
via Boston. Cushman, HistofAnc. Shcepscot, p. 130 ; William- 
son, Maine, vol. ii. pp. 245, 252; A^. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. 
p. 95. 

iSir Peter Warren, K. B., who had, in 1745, commanded the 
fleet at the capture of Louisburg. 

2 See the French account of this report of Williamson in N. Y. 
Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 95. 

3 Admiral William Martin. See Rolt, vol. iv. p. 366. 

119 



The Tote Journal 

thinks was ye Marquis D'Aville^ with orders to take 
anapolis Royall and then Reduce all N England, But a 
Grevious Sickness Raged in ye Fleet, while in Jebuc- 
taus, wether Caught at Sea, or Contracted in ye wild 
Uncultivated Desert is Uncertain, however it Raged 
to yt Degree, yt with ye Small pox and an Inflametory 
Fever it Swept of[f] upwardsof 3000 of their Number 
and by yt means Intirely Disappointed yn^ In their 
Disigns, ye General officer Dispairing of Carrying his 
point, Ran upon his own Sword and put an End to 
his Days, ye Next Under him- took ye Command, 
and a Short time Disappeared also, ye third ^ Suc- 
ceeded him, and hearing by a Sloop which they had 
Latly Taken, yt there was a powerfull fleet, Coming 
from Boston to pay them a Vissite, he took his De- 
parture from Jabuctaus, Designed for ye west Indias, 

1 This was the unfortunate fleet commanded by N. de la 
Rochefoucauld, Duke d'Anville. See a full contemporary ac- 
count in Rolt, Impartial Representation, vol. iv. pp. 347, ff. 
Duke d'Anville died of apoplexy Sept. 26, 1746, and was buried 
on a small island within the mouth of the harbor of Chebucto. 
Ibid., p. 349. 

2 Vice-Admiral d'Estournel. On Oct. ist he was seized with a 
fever and soon became delirious, which so extremely agitated 
him that, imagining himself among the English, he laid his 
hand on his sword and ran it through his body. Rolt, vol. iv. 

P- 350- 

3Jacques Pierre de Taffanel, Marquis de la Jonquiere, who 
succeeded M. de Beauharnois as governor of Canada. Compare 
Rolt, vol. iv. p. 350. He was taken prisoner by the British, and 
consequently did not arrive to administer the affairs of governor 
until September, 1749. '" ^^e meantime Rolan Michel Barrin, 
Marquis de la Gallissoniere, filled the office. 



The Tote Journal 

But a Violent Storm overtook them on ye Coast of 
America, and it is Generally Supposed ye Greater 
part of ym whent to ye Bottem, however our Cruziers 
piked up two of ym one they Carryed into Boston, 
and ye other Into Cape Britone. 

stilly and yt ye affair yt hapned at menes as men- 
tiond ye 1 1 of march past was In truth this, that about 
550 men Under ye Command of Collenel Noble, ^ and 
Capt John Gorham, in order to Bring ye Inhabitants, 
to a more Just observance, of ye Neutrellity, they 
billeted themselves at Some of their houses, where 
those Rascals Betrayd them Into ye hands of an ar- 
mey of Canadians, and Indians, under ye Command 
of monsieur De Ramsez, who Came upon them, and 
basly murthered them In their Beds to ye Number of 
73 amongst ye which was ye Brave Colonel Noble 

1 Lieut.-Col. Arthur Noble was descended from the Noble fam- 
ily of Enniskellin, Farmaugh Co., Ireland, in which place he was 
born. He was one of three sons ; his brothers' names were Fran- 
cis and James. He emigrated to America about 1720; was a 
Louisburg soldier, and received his commission Feb. 5, 1744, as 
lieutenant-colonel of the Second iVtass. Regiment, and captain of 
the second company. His will was dated Nov. 22, 1746, shortly 
before the ill-fated affair at Minas. He and his brother Francis 
were slain at Minas Jan. 31, 1747. His brother James married 
the sister of Col. William Vaughan, of Louisburg fame. Col. 
Arthur had a son Arthur, and a daughter Sarah, who married 
Col. William Lithgow. Boltwood, Noble Genealogy, pp. 764- 
767. See also W. Goold, Col. Arthur Noble, of Georgetown : 
His Militarv Services, in the Coll. of Maine Hist. Soc, vol. viii. 
pp. 109-153; N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. pp. 91, 92; Memoirs of 
the Last War, pp. 85-89. Some of Noble's letters are in the 
Mass. Hist. Soc, in the Belknap Papers. 
16 121 



The Tote Journal 

this Exploit ye Canadeans, have much Boasted of, 
and i Believe flatter themselv[es] with ye hopes, of 
its puting a Stop, to ye Intended Expidition against 
this place 

April 27th Died Samuel Evens ^ a Native of NE^ 
Apriel ye 28th This Day at about 8 in ye morning 
a fire Broke out in our Prison house, hov^ or by what 
means is Uncertain, it was first Discoverd on ye Verey 
Ridge of ye Roof which was of Shingles, they Being 
verey Dry, and ye wind Blowing fresh it Soon Spread 
it Self, over ye whole Roof and put those who where 
in ye upper Rooms, in Great Danger of their Lives, 
Some of them Stayd So long in ye Garrets, to Save 
their Beding yt ye fire Broke in upon ym ere they Left 
their Room, ye old France Soldiers who had Been our 
Gaurd Some time Unlocked ye Doors and Let us out 
in ye Yard. I am willing to Believe it was by order 
of their officer, ye Yard was piqueted Round its weadth 
about thirty foot, and ye Length Equal to ye Length 
of ye house, which was about i =>o foot, hear we Re- 
mained to ye Number of 207 prisoners, while ye house 
was all on flames, this with ye Drums Beating, and 
ye Alarem Bell, Soon Raised ye Town and all ye me- 
litia Ran togather In Swarms. There was a Great 
many officers Came, not to assist at ye fire but to 
keep us within Bounds as appeared by their Drawn 
Rapiers, there was Likewise Several Friers, from a 

1 "Samuel Evans, of Newbury. He was taken at sea with Capt. 
William Bagley," May 29, 1 746, and had been ill two weeks. Nor- 
ton, p. 37, who enters this under date of April 17. How says he 
died April 28. Nan., p. 21. 

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The Tote journal 

Neighbouring Convent, with whome and ye afore- 
mentioned Genteimen, there was a Contest for Some 
time Concerning us, wether we Should Remain in ye 
Yard, wile ye flames was Spreadi[ng] and ye Stones 
in ye wall of ye house So Soon as they became hot, 
would burst and do us Incredable Damage, But one 
Good Natured priest who Disdained to Contend with 
men So Void of humanity, took up a hatchett, and 
Soon made Bolts Locks and Staples fly, and Ime- 
diately Set open ye Great Gates and with an audible 
Voice, Cried march English, which we Imediately Did 
with our Beds Blanketts, and all our Bagage at our 
Backs, through ye Melitia who Conducted us to an 
open Court, Before ye Generals pallace, where we Con- 
tinued with all our Bagage, till ye Governour Con- 
sulted with his officers, what to do with us, ye Result 
of which was that we Should be Lodged In ye Pre- 
metive houses of Canada, alies Tents, in ye form of 
Indian Wigwams, or like Ballock Sheeds, which they 
imediatly Commenced at ye Back of ye Town, by ye 
Side of a wall about 30 foot high, here we Remained 
in ye Governours Yard, from 9 in ye morning till 
Night During which time, we heard many pretty turns 
of Canada Raillerey. Some though but Verey few 
pityed us, others Said yt when ye fire Broke out, why 
Did not ye officers Confine us to Remain in ye fire 
of our own kindling this we thought to be as Chris- 
tian like as we Could Expect from Some of them, as 1 
Spoke french ye Entendant Sent for me to ye Generals, 
and asked me if I Could Give any acount how ye fire 
Began, for he had been Informed By Some of our 

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The Tote Journal 

friends yt ye English had Set ye house on fire on pur- 
pose. I told him 1 was Sorrey any one Should Give 
his honour Such falce Information for it was Impos- 
ible ye English Could be ye Instigators of this accident, 
by Reason it began in ye Roof of ye house, and ye 
English was at yt time all Confined in their Chamber, 
it being In ye morning Before ye Doors was opened, 
and I had Reason to think that Every English man , was 
Sorrey for it, as we had Reason to Suppose, our accom- 
modations would be Varstly Inferiour, to what they 
was at ye Cazarnes, he told me he was fully sattisfied, yt 
we was Innocent in ye affair, and he would Endeavour 
to accomodate us as as well as possible, at Noon we 
was ordered by monsieur I'Entanant, from ye Generals 
Table a Dish of Beans, and Sume Bread and Butter 
about 4 In ye afternoon we had Each man a Dram, 
and Likewise all ye people, mr marrain Came to See 
me, and Gave me a Bottle of wine and a Loaf, of Bread 
yt I Distributed among my Companions Viz those of 
our mess, a Little Before Night Came about 70 me- 
litia, who with about 20 Soldiers Marched us in ye 
middle of them about a quarter of a mile, to their 
Camps yt they had Built for us. But I must Confess 
these melitia, appeared much more Ignorant In ye 
millitary Discipline, then our New England men, yt 
had never been traind for they took Some Consid- 
erable time for Consideration, wether it was proper 
to Carrey ye armes of a Soldier, on their Right Shoulder 
or their Left, when we Came to ye place appointed, 
we found two Long tents Built as Before Discribed, 
and In they drove us altogather without any Distnc- 

124 



The Tote Journal 

tion of age Sex or Condition, those that had ye Good 
fortune as to Save their Blanke[ts] and Beds, laid 
Down upon them, in ye Best manner they Could, 
and those yt had neither, was abliged to pig in heads 
and Tails like Cattle in their Pens, but Every one Sup- 
perless 

ye 29th morning fair but ye Night pased Sevearly 
Cold our water within our Tents Coverd with Ice, 
and as before we had been Shut up in Stovd Rooms 
our Present Station did not Set Easey on us, & to 
Increase our misfortunes, Nothing to Eat or Drink 
but Bread and water, however in ye afternoon they 
Brought us beds and Blanks in ye Lieu of those yt 
where burnt, they also piqueted our Camps Round, 
and Erected 2 Centrey Boxes upon two Eminences, 
which overlooked our Camps, we have now Larger 
Liberty I Believe our Camps Contain better than )^ 
of an acre of Ground, in which we have ye Liberty to 
walk from morning till Night they Likwise Com- 
menced a Gaurd house without ye piquetts, ye frame 
of which was taken from an hill about ^ of a mile 
from us. our Gaurd now Consists of about 50 men, 
who Day and Night are upon Duty, this Day they 
took away ye old france Soldiers who Before had 
Been our Gaurd, which Causes Some matter of Spec- 
ulation. 

May ye ist This Day they Began to build three 
privy houses. By y^ Side of ye wall and another Tent 
of ye Same form of ye others, for those of our mess 
which is 1 1 in all, when our tent was finished, and 
all of us In it, we found we had not Room to Swing 

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The Tote Journal 

a Cat Round by ye Tail, without Danger of Dashing 
her Brains out. we petitioned his Lordship ye Gen- 
eral for Better accommodations. this Day there 
Came many of ye people of ye Town, to See us in 
our New habitations. But Could not Be Admitted in 
to See us, Except Some of ye Qiiallity, who Came in 
with yeofFicers of ye Gaurd to Inspect how we Looked, 
in our New Encampment, But I Could not Discover 
not Even in those of ye Femanine Sex. any thing that 
Looked like Commissaration or Pity But ye Contrary. 

May ye 2d Errectted a Magazine for Monsieur 
Laurain our Prison keeper, and within it a Lodging 
Room, Died ye Child of Susanah Phillips. 

May 3d Finished ye Magazine for monsieur Lau- 
rain, in ye afternoon ye Major Came and Gave us an 
answer to our Petition to our Satisfaction Viz, that In 
Consequence of our Petition, his Lordship ye General 
and the Intendant, had provided a house in ye Town 
and a Large Garden for us to walk in. But yt we 
must ablige our Selves on our word of honour, yt 
we would not Go bejond ye Bounds Prescribd us un- 
der pain of their Displeasure and if one of us Trans- 
gressd ye Rest must all Suffer, this ye major Desired 
me to tell my Compannions, which I did, and they 
was all well Sattisfied with ye Proposels 

may 4th Night past much Rain and I Believe not 
a man of us But was wet in our beds more or Less 
however in ye afternoon Cleared up Just time Enough 
to Dry our Beding. mr Paurtois' Came here and 



1 Joseph Portois. Norton, p. 28. 
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Countermanded ye orders Gave by ye major Yester- 
day for that his Lordship ye General and monsieur 
Entendant had Considered of it yt So many Incon- 
veniences attended our Being within ye Town yt 
they was Resolvd to Erect us a Comodious house 
within our Yard at Night one Daniel Larey was Sent 
to ye Cashet or Dungion for Saying yt mr Lorain was 
Dh 

may ye 3th Fresh Gale of wind Easterly and Verey 
Cold monsieur Marang Came to prison and Gave me 
an acount yt ye Prisoners Left Behind at minis Last 
Septembr where Exchangd By a flagg of truce from 
anapolis Royal, although we have had Information 
Sundrey Times they was Sent to france and Some- 
times that they was Comming up ye River from ye 
Bay Verd In Shallops but I have Learnt not to put too 
much Confidence in what they Say. 

may ye 6th This Day one Collen Cample* our Late 
Cook whent to ye hospital ill with ye Scurvy he was 
one of those who Survived that fatal Expedition to 
Porto Bello under ye Command of Admiral Hozier.^ 
he have often told us yt while ye fleet Lay at ye Bas- 



1 The name is, without doubt, Campbell. 

2Francis Hosier, Esq., was vice-admiral of the "Blue." He 
sailed from Plymouth, England, April 9, 1726, and anchored 
within sight of Porto Bello, June 6th. He remained here until 
December of the same year, and, after great losses, weighed an- 
chor and sailed for Jamaica. He died on board the " Breda," 
off Vera Cruz, August 2=1, 1727. See Campbell, Lives of the 
Admirals, second edition, vol. iv. pp. 449, 450; Beatson, 
Political Index, vol. ii. p. 6. 

127 



The Tote Journal 

timentor he kept a Tally of upwards of 470 which he 
for his own part Sowed up in their Hammocks In ye 
Time he Served on Board three of his majestys Ships 
and now himself is far Gon in ye Same Distemper. 

7th This Day Cold Sleat wind at East Robert Wil- 
liams^ was Sent to ye hospital Verey ill. at Night 
much Rain ye Countrey farmers are now our Gaurd they 
having Called In their Regular Troops from all partes. 

8th Verey Cold wind at E N E at Night much 
Rain and Thunder and Lightning, this Day Died 
Sarah ye wife of Lenard Liddle, who was marled here 
as mentioned ye 20th Novbr past. 

May ye 9th This Day fair In ye morning, at about 
10 In ye forenoon Saw a Young Girl without ye Pi- 
quets which proved to Be ye Daughter^ of mr David 
woodwell as mentioned ye iS^h of December past 
She was In Company with an Indian his Squaw and 
two papooses ye Girl was Dressed after ye manner of 
ye Indians with a Great quantity of wampan which 
ye Indians Call Extarordinary Embelishment her father 
and 2 of her Brothers Got Leave to Go without ye 
Gate to Speake to her for about i 5 minuts when ye 
Indian & his Squaw &c marched of[f] and ye Girl with 
them, about 2 hours after Came in one of ye Rever- 
end fathers of ye Church whom mr Woodweel would 
have Intrested in his favour to recover ye Girl out of 
ye hands of ye Indians But ye Revd fathers advice was 

1 He belonged to the neighborhood of Portsmouth, England, 
and died May 21, 1747. He was taken at sea. 

2 Mary Woodwell. 

128 



The Tote Journal * 

yt t'were more Safe for her to Be with ye Indians 
then to be Taken from them and Carried Into town 
amongst ye French where he might be verey well as- 
sured She would Be Ruind and amongst ye Indians 
She would not Be Exposed to those Dangers So yt 
In fact he preferd those wild Barbariens, to them- 
selves who profess So much Christianity and honour. 

may ye nth Verey hot till 4 past Noon when we 
had much Rain and Thunder and Lightning People Go 
Dayly to ye hospital verey ill and many that are there 
now are Raving mad with ye Fever this Day was 
Danil Lary Sent from ye Cashet to ye hospital he had 
Contracted a Numness in his Limbs in Laying in ye 
Dungeon 7 Days and Nights with nothing to Eat or 
Drink But Bread and water and no Day Light but 
what Enters at 3 Inch holes In a plate of Iron of 4 
Inches Square this is ye 3d person that has been Sent 
to ye Dungeon Since I have been in this place 

12th The Night past much Rain and hard Gale of 
wind ® NE it Rained all Day verey wet In our Camps 
not with Rum or Brandy for they have forbiden any 
to Come within our Camps, Since we have no money 
to Get Drunk they are Determined we Shall be Sober 

13th Night past much Rain and hard Gale of wind 
at Noon Clered up but In ye afternoon Squally this 
Day Died Daniel ye Son of John and ye Late mary 
Smeed who was Taken at ye Fort massechsets 

14th morning fair Came into prison Jno Lermond^ 



1 He was taken captive at Damariscotta by eleven Indians, April 
27, 1747. Norton, p, 38, who spells his name Larmon. 
17 129 



* The Tote Journal 

who was taken at Sheapsquet on ye frontiers of New 
England By 1 1 Indians who killed his wife his Son 
and Daughter In Law and Brought their Scalps with 
them, at four In ye afternoon Came to our Prison 
Monsigneur ye Bishop of Quebec^ he made But Verey 
Little Stay. 

May ye 1 5 Died Christian Vader^ late an Inhabitant 
of Albaney , and Joseph Gray ^ Late of maryland one yt 
was Taken with Capt Willm Chapman Likewise mr 
Hezekiah Huntington "* Latly of New Norwhich in ye 
CoUoney of Connecticut he was taken by ye Castore 
Ship of war ye 28th of June past Bound for Luisbourg, 
in a Sloop of his Fathers he had Just Left ye Univer- 
sity and was a promising Young man and no Doubt 
will be a Great Looss to his Parents, Since he is an 
only Son. I Believe ye Eldest of y^ three persons Did 

1 Henrie Marie du Breil de Pontbriant. On the 9th of April, 
1 741, Benedict XIV. nominated him to succeed Pourray de I'Au- 
beriviere. He was the sixth and last bishop of Quebec under the 
French regime, and died at Montreal, June 29, 1760. Garneau, 
Hist, of Canada, vol. i. p. 423, and Noiiv. Biog. GeneraJe. 

2 He came from Schenectady, and was taken May 7, 1746. 
He became ill early in the month. Norton, p. 38, who spells 
his name Tedder. How says : Fether. 

3 He was a young man, and was taken May 22, 1745. Nor- 
ton, p. 38. 

4 The numerous families of New England of the name of Hun- 
tington may all be traced back to Simon Huntington, an emigrant 
from Norwich, England. He embarked in 1639 or 1640 for 
Saybrook, Conn., and brought with him his three sons, Simon, 
Christopher, and Samuel. He became ill on the voyage, died as 
the vessel entered the Connecticut River, and was buried on 
the shore. Samuel settled later in Newark, N.J., and Simon 

130 



The Tote Journal 

not Exceed 2} Years and fourteen Days ago was as 
Likly to Live as any one in this place, This Day they 
Brought ye frame for our house yt was about 20 foot 
Square. 

16 This Night past Rain morning fair Raised ye 
Frame of our house In ye Yard by ye other Camp yt 
was built for us first 

May ye 1 7 This Day Fair morning, in ye afternoon 
Gave a Great many Stockings and Shirts &c To ye 
Prisonners In ye afternoon. Rain and Cloudye. 

1 8th This Day Rain ye Greater part of ye Day Died 
Samuel martin ^ Late of New Norwhich In ye Colloney 
of Connectecut a Jolly Young man of about 22 Years 
of age, Likwise ye Daughter of John Smead aged about 
9 months She was born In ye woods about 3 days 
after her father and mother was Taken at ye mas- 
sechusets fort and on yt account was Christned By ye 

and Christopher removed to Norwich after twenty years' residence 
at Saybrook. Christopher had a son Christopher, who was the 
first male child born in Norwich. Christopher, Jr., was the father 
of Deacon Hezekiah Huntington. The deacon married, as hisfirst 
wife, Hannah Frink, and they had eleven children. One of these 
was Hezekiah, Jr., whose death Pote records. He was a graduate 
of Yale in 1744, and was unmarried. According to several ac- 
counts he died May 15, 1747. His father was a man of prom- 
inence in Norwich; was a member of the Council from 1740-43, 
and again 1748-1753; attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel, 
and was for many years Judge of the county court. Caulkins, 
Hist, of Norwich, pp. 106-108; N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 
vol. xi. p. 156. 

1 Norton says: "Samuel Martin of Lebanon in Connecticut; 
a likely young man, taken at sea. His sickness short." Redeemed 
Cap., p. 38. 

•3' 



The Tote Journal 

Name of Captivity, Came Into prison 7 men and two 
Boys Viz 4 yt Beiongd to ye Sloop Tertola George 
morris Master from Phelidelphia to antigue taken By 
monsieur Simeniere ^ in a Small Schooner from Mar- 
tineco in Latt<^ 24" 00' ye Capt and four more of their 
Crew where Sent In ye Sloop Prisoners to martineco, 
Two more Taken at Sarotogu and two others at Cas- 
cobay Lads ye Sons of mr Willm Knights^ Living at 
Sacarappa, one of these Lads Gave an account yt he 
was at ye house of mr Cloutman, one of those yt made 
their Escape, as mentioned ye 24th of October past, 
about 5 weeks past and that he is not Got home. 
Therefore tis Generally Concluded they perished In ye 
woods or yt ye Indians killed them Since they made 
their Escape, Last also m^ Gorge Sivelana^ a Native 
of ye City of Corinth in Grace, Late mate of a Sloop In 
menis Bason taken In ye Unfortunate affair as men- 
tioned ye 1 1 of March past who Confirms what we 
had from mr Willis* ye 26 of April past with this ad- 
dition Concerning ye French fleet at Jabuctaus that 
they Burnt two of their Ships In ye harbour for want 
of hands and yt i 500 Troops yt they had on board for 
this place they was abliged to Carry with ym to Sea 
to man their fleet for Europe Instead of ye West Indias, 

1 SieurSimonin, captain of the schooner "L'Aimable Marthe," 
which sailed from Martinico, Apr. 15 (new style), 1747. iV. Y. 
Col. Docs., vol X. p. loi. 

2 William Knight and his two sons were taken captive by the 
Indians, April 14, 1747. Williamson, Maine, vol. ii. p. 251. 

3 George Schavolani. Norton, p. 38. 
* Captain Jonathan Williamson. 

152 



The Tote Journal 

he also Informed us yt there was a Young man Came 
with him, Named Zachiriah Hubbart^ ytwas In town 
with monsieur Paurtois, This Day I Received Several 
Letters from New England pr monsieur Le Crox a 
Prisoner yt had been at Boston Near two Years, Viz 
one from ye Chief Engenr mr Bastide dated Novb/ 1 745 
yt filled me with Great Concern for fear he was Dead, 
another from my father yt Gave me an account of ye 
Death of two of my Brothers, Both Likely Young men 
Since I have Been In this place, which 1 hope and De- 
sire it may please almighty God to Sanctifie to me and 
all our familly another from Captjohn Gorham ytGave 
me an account yt he had Sent me pr monsieur Le Croix 
10 peices of Eight which Came In an Exceptable Time, 
This Night Came to prison ye afforsd Zachariah Hubbart 
May ye 19 Died mr Samuel Burbank^ aged about 
60 Years and mr John fort^ Near about ye Same age 
ye former was Taken at a place Called hopkintown 
and ye Latter at Albaney Both By ye Indians 



1 Zechariah Hubbard. Norton, p. 38. 

2 He was taken at New Hopkinton, April 22, 1746. How 
says: " At the same time [that he died], died two Children who 
were put out to the French to Nurse." Narr., p. 22. 

3 John, orjohannes. Fort died in March, 1747. It was hisbrother, 
Abraham, who died on May 19th. See the list of deaths at the 
end of the Journal; also, How, p. 22, and Norton, p. 38. 
Abraham Fort was taken at Fort Ann, Nov. 16, 1745. He was 
married to Anna Barber Clute. Norton calls him "son to John 
Fort, deceased," which is an error. Johannes and Abraham were 
sons of Jean Fort, alias Liberte, but their father, of course, was 
not a captive at Quebec. Compare: Sc\\\\y\e'[, Colonial New York, 
vol. ii. pp. 371, 375. 

'33 



The Tote Journal 

2 1 St 1 This Day Came to our Camps yeaforsd mon- 
sieur Le Croix, who Gave me ye money yt was Sent 
me By Capt Gorham, he brings us a Great Deal of 
News But it must Be Understood as ye hebrews Read 
Viz Backwards. Died Robert Williams and old Eng- 
land man whose Residence was about 15 miles 
from Portsmouth. Came also to prison a Lad ytwas 
Taken on ye Frontiers of New England By ye Endians. 

May 22^ This Day Petter Parrans - a Lad met with 
a Sad accident, and almost Cut his finger of [f] with 
a hatchet and was Sent to ye hospital. This Day 
Died Nathaniel Hitchcock^ ye[/. e., yt] was Taken at 
ye Fort Massechusets, we hear yt Some of our mo- 
haawk Indians have been Down on yeprontears of 
Canady, and Taken Near 100 prisoners how true it 
may Be we Cannot tell for they tell us Some many L 
we Cannot tell how to Credit any thing they Say. 

may ye 23d This Day they finished our house and 
Capt Roberts was Carried in to it in a. Chair which 
made me fear he would Be Brought out in a Cotfm, 
Capt Chapman also and mr Norton Sick, So yt our 
New house is Like to Be Infected with ye fever. 

May ye 24th This Day Rain ye most of ye Day and 

1 Rev. John Norton became ill on the 20th. On the 26th he 
lost his reason, and did not regain consciousness until the 14th 
of June. His Redeemed Captive, for this period, is consequently 
not based on his personal observations. See Norton, p. 39. 

^ Pote also spells his name Parain. 

3 He belonged to Brim field; was taken captive at Fort Massa- 
chusetts, Aug. 20, 1746, and put into prison at Quebec, Oct. 5, 
1746. See Norton, p. 39. 

'34 



The Tote Journal 

three of our Company, In our Room Verey Sick with 
an Epidemick fever. So yt we have Some Reason to 
fear we Shall all have our Turn. 

may ye 25th This Day Cloudy high winds and 
Cold, Died Nehemiah how of ye Fever, a Good Pious 
old Gentleman aged Near 60 Years has been In prison 
Near 18 months and ye most Contented and Easey 
of any man In ye Prison 

May ye 26 Died Jacob Qiiacinbush and his Son 
Isaac, ^ aged about 20 Years of age a Likely Young 
man who has been Sick But a few Days, ye wife of 
Said Jacob Quacinbush is Now Sick at ye hospital, 
and has Lost Since In this place, her husband and 
Son aforsd and a Dughter^ aged about 12 Years 
and her Brother aged about 30, and has now a 
Daughter^ of about 18 years of age with ye Indians, 
and her father and mother with us at this time In 
Prison aged about 75 Years Each 

may ye 27 This Day was Informed By ye Doctor 
yt there was no prospect of our Being Sent home By 
ye Generall although we made Great Dependence on 
a petition Sent ye General Last Sunday for ye purpose. 

may ye 28th This Day Samuel Lingan Capt Chap- 
mans Brother in Law taken Sick with ye fever, Capt 
Roberts verey ill. 

may 30th verey Little hopes of Capt Roberts three 
women Prisoners yt was Taken with Capt Salter 

1 This family was taken captive at Saratoga, Nov. 17, 1745. 

2 Martha Quackinbush. 

3 Rachel Quackinbush. 

•35 



The Tote Journal 

fought about their honosty which is as Invisible in 
Either, as ye North Star in ye Lattd of 50 South, they 
Being I Believe as great whores as Lives 

may ye 31st this Day ye major Gave us Leave to 
Go up Chamber with our Beds, Least we Should 
Catch ye Distemper Died Jacob Sheperd^ one yt was 
taken at massechsets fort, this Day Squally wind at W. 

June ye ist This Day Capt Chapman Capt Roberts 
and mr Norton and Samuel Lingan, all verey Deliri- 
ous, about 3 past merid Came ointment from ye hos- 
pital to Dress their Blisters 

June ye 2d Hot and Showerey Wind S S W, Capt 
Roberts almost past hope his Death hourly Expected. 

June 3d This Day Died Capt David Roberts Taken 
as mentioned ye 26th of Last September this is ye first 
yt has Died of our mess, he has been Sick Nineteen 
Days, and God almighty only knows, which of us 
will follow him for we have Great Reason to Believe 
not many of us will Escape this malignant nervous 
fever, Capt Chapman have Lain in a Stupid Condition, 
without Speaking this 4 Days, about Noon we had a 
Coffin made for Capt Roberts, and Soon after was 
Caried out on a hanbarrow by two french Soldiers, 

June ye 4th Squally and Variable weather In this 
Intemperate Climate and often Changing from hot to 
Cold, and Cold to hot this Day mr De Chalet Sent us 
word yt ye General was taking measures to Send us 
to Boston. I wish it may Be true 

1 Norton says : "Jacob Shepherd, a pious young man, well be- 
loved and much lamented." Redeemed Cap., p. 39. 

136 



The Tote Journal 

June ye 5th The major Came hear and told us we 
Should Be Sent to Boston Next week and ordered us 
to Get Ready, which I have been above this two Years 
past ; mr De Chalet Came afterwards and Confirmed 
it, only Said we must Stay a Little wile for ye arrivel 
of about 50 prisoners yt was Dayly Expected from 
the Bay Verd yt they might Be Sent with us, But if 
they did not Soon arrive we Should Be Sent without 
ym 2 P M Came two prisoners that was taken at pe- 
mequid^ by ye Indians, who Gave an account, they 
with 13 men more was on Shore to Catch ale wives 
for Bait for Cod fish, when i 5 Indians fiered upon them, 
and killed 12 of their Company, and one they Sup- 
posed had made his Escape, these men was Taken 1 5 
Days past and Could tell us no News of Consequence. 

June ye 6th This Day monsieur De Chalet Sent us 
two Gallons of Brandy, and two of Rum to Be Dis- 
tributed amongs ye people this Gentleman has been 
very Generous to us Ever Since we have been in this 
place which I Desire I may always acknowledge with 
Gratitude, Capt Chapmans fever turned but he lays 
Still in a Stupid Condition this is ye 17th Day he has 
been Sick with ye fever 

June 7th Cloudy over Cast weather this Day there 
arrived from ye Bay Verd 1 1 prisoners who Gave us 
an account yt ye others would arrive in a Short time, 
Therefore we hope we Shall be Sent In a Short time 



1 Compare with the accounts in N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 107; 
Boston Ca{ettc' and IVeehly Jour rial, ]unQ 2, 1747; and Dral<e, pp. 
144, 145. Drake gives their names, taken from various sources. 

18 137 



The Tote Journal 

as we was Informed they weited for Nothing But 
their arrival from ye Bay Verd. 

June ye 8th Thunder and Lightning This Day ye 
major Came and Told us, we Should Be Sent ye Be- 
ginning of ye Next week. I wish with all my heart, 
we may not be Deceived, as we have Been So often 
in this affair already 

June ye loth Died John Pittman a man yt was 
Taken with m"" Phillips, In a marblehead Schooner 
Near Jabuctaus, and was Left here, when ye Said 
phillips and Several others was Shipted on Board Last 
fall for ye wist Indies, Because he was Sick, as men- 
tioned ye I St of Last November. 

June ye i ith Came monsieur De Chalet and Gave 
us an accompt yt they had Taken 12 of our mohawk 
Indians and three Dutch man that was Dressed In In- 
dian Dress their hair Cut and painted Like ye Indians 
these I 5 was Taken Near montrial they Belonged to 
a Scout of 50 men 4 of which was killed when these 
was Taken, and ye Rest had made their Escape they 
had killed Before they was taken Several of ye French 
Inhabitants Near montrial and taken Sum prisoners, 
he told us ye Dutch was put with ye Indians In a 
Dungeon, at montrial, he also Informd us ye General 
Continud his Intentions of Sending us home in a Short 
time this Day warm wind at N W. 

June ye i 2tli was brought from ye Bay Verd 5 
prisoners Viz Capt Elisha Done^ Leivt George Ger- 

1 Capt. Elisha Doane, and he may have been born at Eastham, 
February 3, 1705. N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. vi. p. 44. 
In 1746, on June 24, he petitioned the General Court of Massa- 

138 



The Tote Journal 

rish^ Insign Willm Jarmin Capt James Crocker and his 
Son these Gentlemen was put In our mess and was 
taken In yt Unhappy affair yt hapned at menis they 
Gave us an account of one Capt Pickering^ of Pesqua- 
toque who was killed at yt time after which they Cut 
his Tounge out, and his privy parts of and Laid 
him open from his throught to ye Bottem of his Bel- 
ley, and Spread him open with Sticks just as a hog 
for a market a most Barbarous and Unhumain ac- 
tion as almost was Ever known, wether done By 
ye french or Indians is not known, this Day Died 
Abraham De Grave ^ a Dutch man that was taken 
Near albaney, arrived from Bordeaux a Brigantine 
to this place. 

June ye 13th Good weather wind E this Day three 
Vessells arrived from ye Bay Verd yt brought up Gen- 
eral Ramsey"* and his armey from la Cadie Except 
about 60 Left at Beaubasin also Came to prison three 
prisoners yt was Left Behind Sick Last fall. 

June ye 1 5th Rainey this Day Came from ye Bay 
Verd ye Last of ye prisoners 1 1 Came here 7 Sent to 
ye hospital Sick and 3 Died on their passage they was 
Chased By a Snow But put Into a Bard harbour So 

chusetts Bay for recognition for himself and his men for their 
services at Louisburg in 1745. Votes of Mass. -Bay. 

1 George Garrish. Drake, p. 234. 

2 See Haliburton, Nova Scotia, vol. ii. p. 132. 

3 He belonged to Schenectady, and was captured in October, 
1746. Norton, p. 39. 

4 Jean Baptiste Nicholas Roch de Ramezay. He arrived at 
Qiiebec in the brigantine " Le Soleil Levant." N. Y. Col. Docs., 
vol. X. p. 109. 

•39 



The Tote Journal 

that tis not known what Vessell She was wether 
french or English. 

June ye i6th fair hot weather This Day Came mr 
De Chalet and told us yt ye Design of our Going was 
put of for Some time By Reason there was a wo- 
man In this town, yt was taken at Cascobay by ye 
Indians Named foster/ this womans husband was 
killed when She was taken, and Six of her Children 
Brought \Vith her to this place She Brings them an 
acount yt there is two flags of truces Saild from Bos- 
ton Before She was taken, one for ye Bay of fondy, 
and ye other for this place, and we Should not be 
Sent till they Could hear ye truth of this News. 

June ye 17th This Day Every man In ye Yard put 
a peice of Sprews In their hats or Caps In Commemo- 
ration ytLuisbourg Surrendred To ye English this Day 
two Years past 

June ye 18 This Day Came to prison two prisoners 
from montrial who Gave an account yt ye mohawk 
Indians, and Dutch, mentioned ye i ith of this Instant 
Came to this town with ym and was put into ye Cachot, 
and would not Come amongst us in this prison, 

June ye 19th Fair Cool wind WNW This Day 
Died one Samuel Stacy- one yt Came Last from ye Bay 
Verd. 

June ye 20th fair warm weather we Understand 
yt ye aforsd Indians was Still in ye CaChote and ye 
Dutch men In ye Common Prison. This Day Came 



1 She was captured Apr. 21, 1747. Drake, p. 143. 

2 He was captured at Minas, when Col. Noble was killed. See 
Norton, p. 39, who says he died on the 17th. 



The Tote Journal 

to See us two of ye La Cornes,^ Gentlemen officers in 
ye armey at menes these men Gave ye 5 officers yt 
was Taken By them at menes, 100 Livers, This Day 
was taken out of prison one Denis Donahew a De- 
sarter from, Capt Rouse having Joined ye french, Died 
Willm Nason - a Soldier yt was taken Last winter at 
menes this was one of ye Last yt Came from ye Bay 
Verd, this Day was built a New Tent In our Yard of 
about 30 foot Long which is not a Sign of our Going 
verey Soon. 

June 2ist Sunday Fine fair weather wind W This 
Day Came many people Round ye Piquets to See us, 
But none admitted In, Except Some of ye Quality, 
and Soldiers wives who Came In By Douzens our 
Gaurd now is about 20 men. 

June ye 22^ This Day Hot P M Cloudy and Small 
Rain, Had Intilegence there was 10 french Ships In ye 
River 3 of which was within about 3 Leagus of this 
Town, at about ^ past 8 heard a Canon, yt we Suposd 
to Be ye Commodore fired ye Evening Gun 

June ye 23d Tuesday This Day Fair, wind N W 
and Exceeding Hot, at about 4PM Saw 3 Sail of 
Ships Coming up ye River, one of which we Supposed 
to Be a Ship of about 20 Guns, and others marchant 
men, heard there was Eight more Coming up ye River, 
& Expected Hourly. 

June ye 24 heard yt ye man of war and 3 Sail yt 
Came up Last night where ye Remains of a Squadron,^ 

1 Pierre de Chapt, Chevalier de La Come, was one of them. 

2 He belonged to Casco Bay. Norton, p. 39. 

3 The Due d'Anville's fleet. 

141 



The Tote Journal 

it Seames there are 7 Sail more Expected up Everey 
Day to this place, they Came out of France ye Last of 
march past ye Squadron Consisted of about 55 mar- 
chant Ships Some for this place and Some for ye 
west Indies Besides three East India Ships outward 
Bound under ye Convoy of 10 men of war of 60 and 
40 Gun Ships who ye 5th Day after their Departure 
from Breast fell In with a fleet of English men of war 
Consisting of 18 Sail of ye Line, who attacked ye 
Convoy. In ye Begining of ye Engagement, ye French 
Admiral hoisted a Signal for ye merchant Ships to 
make ye Best of their way, who Left ym Engaged, 
how ye fortune of ye Battle turned time only Can 
Discover But By ye appearance of ye French at ye Ar- 
rival of these Ships, tis Generaly Concluded ye french 
where worsted and yt most of ym was Either Taken 
or Sunk. 

June ye 25 Thirsday This Day had Yesterdays, 
News Confirmed, and this addition yt there was, a 
General, or Governour,^ for this Countrey, on Board 
one of ye man of war yt was Left In ye Engagement 
with ye English, this man was Sent from france to 
Succeed, monsigneur De Beauharnois, & It is Gener- 
ally thought if ye English Ships meets with Common 
Succes, yt Both ye French and us will Be Disappointed 
In our Expectations, Viz ye French of ye oppertunity 
to Celebrate their New master, and us poor prisoners 
of having ye Benefit of his Generosity, we hear also 
those Ships was ye Greater part almost Double mand 

1 Jacques Pierre de Taffanel, Marquis de la Jonquiere. 
142 



The Tote Journal 

and they hopd they might by yt means meet with ye 
Better Succes. 

26 Friday had Intilegence yt ye States of Holland 
had proclamed war with france which we hope is true 
and yt these Ships In their passage to this place have 
Taken a Dutch marchent man yt they Sent to france, 
2dily yt ye English havc taken a Ship of 70 Guns ^ Be- 
longing to france In ye Chanel Last winter y^\y, yt a 
french Scout under ye Command of monsieur La 
Come have taken, and killed a Number of people at 
Serotoga and ye Captives are Daily Expected here.^ 

27th Saturdy Rain for ye Greater part of ye Day 
Came up to town 3 Ships more part of those 7 which 
was Expected up hear one of ym Tis Said is ye Black 
prince Privateer Late of Bristol. 

28th Fair Weather This Day Came to ye Camps 
from ye hospital Peter Parain a Lad yt Could Speak 
Verey Good French who Brings Intilegence yt ye 
French Ship of war of 70 Guns as mentioned ye 26 
past was ye Le mars She was taken by ye Admiral 
Waren ^ In ye Chester and ye Vigilent ^ In Going to 
Europe Last fall N B ye Le mars is ye Ship which Took 
his majestys Ship Northumberland The Ships which 

1 This was the 64-gun ship " Le Mars." She carried 500 men, 
and was commanded by M. Colombe. 

2 They were ambushed by a detachment of 200 French and In- 
dians under Luc de Chapt de La Corne St. Luc. The Indians re- 
ported that 41 were made prisoners and 29 killed. N. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. X. p. 112. 3 Admiral Sir Peter Warren. 

4 She was a man-of-war of 64 guns, and had been taken from 
the French, off Cape Breton, in May, 1745. 

•43 



The Tote Journal 

Came up Latly Brought a Sickness with ym on w^ 
account ye Doctor have Declared he Cannot give his 
attendance to ye Sick which are hear, N B our Num- 
ber now Consists of 289 prisoners. 

29th Thunder Showers and Clost wether ye Great- 
est part of ye Day In ye afternoon Brought in one of 
ye Prisoners yt was taken at Serostogo yt Gives us a 
Verey poor account of ye afair yt hapned with ym ye 
Indians had Cut his hair, a la modedesSauvages, and 
painted his face, we Expect 30 or forty more Dayly 
to Come to prison and hope they will Be able to Give 
us a more Perticuler account. 

30th Fair weather A M and Some Showers of 
Rain In ye afternoon this Day a party of Swis which 
Came over from france in ye Ships yt Latly arrived, 
are now our Gaurd 

July I St 1747 much Rain ye Night past this Day 
Came Into prison mr Joseph Chew^ aLeiutenent, and 
6 men yt had been Taken at Serostoge By a party of 
french and Indians ye Lievtenent was put with us, 
and Gave us an account yt they were taken by about 
300 french and Indians, they had killed and Taken 
about 60 or 70 men. ye Rest of ye Prisoners are 
dayly Expected to arrive. This day died mathew 
Loren - he was one yt Belonged to Capt Salter and 
have Been at la Cadie all winter. 

1 He was captured J Line 20, 1747. After he had returned home, 
he complained of having been ill-treated at Qiiebec. A^. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. vi. p. 488; also vol. x. p. 112. 

2 Norton says : " June 30. Died Matthew Loring, taken at 
sea, May 29th, 1746." Redeemed Cap., p. 39. 

"44 



Tbe Tote Journal 

2d Fair this day died a Young Child ^ of Sergent 
archebald Gutherages, Born at menus Last winter and 
aged about 4 months She Caught ye fever of her 
mother at Night Came in a prisoner taken at Seros- 
toge aforsd. our Number is 296 in all. 

3d Fair this Day Died Jno Pringle^ Late of New 
England Saw ye Roof of ye Cazernes our old prison 
Raised and part of it Boarded. 

4th Fair Nothing worthy of note 

5th Fair we hear there is a flagg of Truce in ye 
River But time will Discover weather true or false. 

6th Fair ye former part of ye Day ye Latter part 
Rain Came Into prison a man yt was taken at Saro- 
soge there was 42 taken In all 10 of which is hear and 
ye others Except 5 or 6 In ye hands of ye Indians are 
Daily Expected hear there is 7 Sail of French Ships In 
ye River Instead of ye flag of truce, who are Expected 
to arrive hear Every Day. 

ytii Fair this Day Came Into our Camps a Girl 
about 16 Years of age ye Daughter of widow Quacin- 
bush She made her Escape from ye Indians in whos 
hands She have been these 20 months by Getting a 
Connew and Crossing ye River at a place Called ye 
3 Rivers about midway Betwen this and montrial 
from whence She have been Travelling this 4 or 5 

1 Norton says : " Died Archibald Gartrage, a child, and son to 
Charles Gartrage, aged nine months." Redeemed Cap., p. 40. 

2 Norton says: "July 4. Died William Prindle, a Louisburg 
soldier, a New England man originally, taken at St. John's, July 
loth, 1746." Redeemed Cap., p. 40. Pote in list of deaths : 
John Trindal. 

19 145 



The Tote Journal 

Days and ye french assisted her till She arrived to this 
place where She was Conducted to a Gentlemans who 
Cloathed her and brought her here to See her mother 
but She is to Remain in ye Town 

8th This Day Came to our Camps a Prisoner yt 
had been taken at Sarostoge with mr Chew, he made 
his Escape from ye Indians In a manner Verey Ex- 
traordinary 

9th Fair about 4 P M 2 D d whores fought 

about a Shadow, Viz their honesty 

I oth Fair, this Day monr De Chalet Sent a Small 
Cask of Tabaccoe to Be Divid^^ Equeily amongst ye 
Prisoners this Day Came in 4 prisoners yt had been 
Taken at Sarostoge with mf Chew. 

iith This morning Died Corperel Daniel Nor- 
wood^ he Served his aprentiship In a Baking office, 
In wapping London he Belonged to one of those 
Regiments Latly Sent from Giberalter to Cape Briton 
was Taken by ye Indians on ye Island of St Johns, 
July 1746 hear yt his Lordship ye Generel has Re- 
ceived a Letter from Governour Knowls^ at Lewis- 
bourg as well as one from Governour Shierly ^ of Bos- 
ton Concerning our Redemption N B this day 2 men 

1 Corporal William Norwood, taken at St. John's, July 10, 
1746. Norton, p. 40. 

2 Sir Charles Knowles. This letter was dated at Louisburg, 
May 27, 1747. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 114. There is a 
long memoir of this naval commander in The Naval Chronicle for 
'799' vol. i. pp. 89-124; 283-286. 

3 On Shirley's participation in the exchange of prisoners, see 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 185 ; ^otes 0/ the House of Rep. of 
Mass. -Bay, 1747. 

146 



The Tote Journal 

yt have been in this place Some time and Livd on ye 
Comon allowence for ye Prisoners are admitted Into 
our mess Viz Captn jno Spaffard who has been here 
about 14 months and mr Joseph Stockman who have 
been here about 10 months 

12th this Day as we was at dinner Came Into our 
Room Ino Simson a man yt have been In this place 
about 2 Years and one Susanah Boillison yt was taken 
with Capt Salter, these 2 have desiered mr Norton to 
marrey them Severel times, But having no permis- 
sion from ye General, he always Refused ym therefore 
they Came and Stood in ye middle of ye Room hand 
in hand before ye minister as he Sat at dinner and 
Declard they took Each other as man and wife In ye 
Presence of God and us witneses after which they 
had a Certificate drawn and we all Signd it yi:^^ 12 y^ 
minister on y^ top and all y^ Rest of us under him,^ 
this was ye first time 1 Ever Saw ye like Encourage- 
ment and permission Given, for whoreing. 

13th Great Cavelcade on account of ye Late mar- 
iage Fair Clear weather. 

14th monsieur De Chalet & monr Portois Came 
to our Camps and assurd us yt there was two french 
Ships fitted one to Go to Boston and ye other to 
Luisbourg and would be Ready in a weak to Carry 
us Some to Luisbourg and Some to Boston they also 
took a List of us Viz who Should go to Luisbourg and 
who to Boston, as to those yt asked after their Chil- 
dren and Relations yt was in ye hands of ye Indians 

1 The words italicized are partially erased in the original 
manuscript. 

•47 



The Tote Journal 

they had no Encouragement But was told they Could 
not be Redeemti till there was a peace. 

15th Fair weather mr De Chelat Came to let us 
know yt ye oldest prisoners would go first for fear 
there Should not be Room for us all on Board ye Ves- 
sells he also hinted yt those Gentlemen taken at 
menis about 6 months ago would be Detaind at Night 
monsieur marin Came to See us and Informed me 
we Should Go in three Days, and Desiered me not to 
make it Publick 1 was also Informed by mr Laurain 
we Should Certainly Go in Less than Eight Days. 

16 of July Came monsieur Commissaire^ This 
Day Died James Doile^ of ye Fever was taken with 
Capt Salter he Died as many others did quite Sensly 

July ye 17th Friday fair whether Except one 
Shower monsieur Commissaire Came here and Con- 
firmed our Going In a few Days 1 had had much 
Discours with him Concerning Sundrey affairs and he 
was pleased to Let me know 1 might Go In which Ves- 
sell, 1 pleased and told me he Should Should be Glad to 
hear from me when Ever oppertunity Presentted Died 
Phinihas Fourbush ^ who was taken at massechusets 

1 The words italicized are partially erased in original manuscript. 

2 James Doyl, captured May 29, 1746. Norton, p. 40. 

3 Phinehas Forbush, of Westboro', taken captive, Aug. 20, 
1746. Norton, p. 40. The name Forbush has undergone several 
changes since its first appearance in this country. At first it 
was written ffarrabas, then Furbush, Forbush, and sometimes 
Forbes. It does not appear on the Records until 1681, when 
Daniel and Deborah Forbush are found in Marlborough, Mass. 
There was a Phinehas Forbush, who was born March 4, 1721. 
Hudson, Hist. 0/ Marlborough, p. 364. 

148 



The Tote Journal 

fort Came Into our Roome monsr De lary ^ ye officer 
of ye Gaurd and Sent for 9 Bottles of wine and Cakes 
and treated us with a Great Deal of Gentellity This is 
ye first yt has Done ye Like Since I have been hear 
and I wish it was in my power to make him Suitable 
Retaliation. 

July ye 1 8th Saturday Fair hot Day had but half 
weeks allowence of Bear Sent us we hope it is a Sign 
of our Speady Departure Quacinbushs Child ^ who 
has Lived with a Gentlewoman In this town about 
18 months was this Day brought to our Camps her, 
mother Endeavoured by all possible means to have 
her Delivered up but ye Gentleman yt Came with her 
would not Consent, and Demanded a Sum of money 
for her Redemption yt they had paid ye Endians Capt 
Doane ^ offered to Be ye womans Security and yt ye 
money Should be paid at our arrivel at Boston but 
Could not prevail by any means I observed ye Child 
was So taken up with ye french yt She would not 
Come nigh her mother but Seemed as much afTraid of 
her as though She had been an Indian, So yt I Believe 
She will Stay hear behind if we Go this Evening Came 
to See us Priest Lecorne,"* and Gave us an account yt 

1 Gaspard Chaussegros De Lery was chief engineer of Canada, 
and he died in 1756. N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 496. 

2 Rachel Quackinbush. 

3 Capt. Elisha Doane. 

•* Rev. Maurice Lacorne. He was better known by the nick- 
name of Captain John Barthe ; was more of a trader than priest, 
and went to France in 1757, where he engaged in secular pur- 
suits. 

"49 



The Tote Journal 

about 1 5 days past as he was Coming up this River 
about 100 Leagues from this place was Taken from 
him by ye English a Sloop of about 30 Tuns and he 
himself Narrowly Escaped by Running ashore In ye 
Bote, he also Gave us Intiligence yt a horse yt was 
Sent as a present from Governour Shierly to Gover- 
nour Knowls of Luisbourg and was taken by Some 
of yejabuckto fleet ^ and made a present of to Sd mr 
Le Corn this horse he had on board with him when 
his Sloop was taken by ye English and Sought opper- 
tunity to kill him but had not time, he also told me 
yt ye Guns yt was taken with me was on Board ye 
Sd Sloop he told me yt he was more Concerned for ye 
Loss of ye horse then all ye Rest he had Lost. 

July ye 19 Sunday Showers and Sultrey weather 
this Day marched out of ye Town about 800 of ye 
melitia mr Portois was hear and Several Gentlemen 
and Told us we Should Go this weak Came to our 
Camps, monsieur Entendant qu'il me dit que nous 
Irons Sans doutes Chez nous Cette Semaine dans 
deux Batimens. assavoir un pour Boston Et I'autre 
pour Luisbourg. 

July ye 20th Fair Day wind at N W Nothing 
worthy of Note. 

July 2 1 St Tuesday 1 Translated a french Letter Into 
English By the Desire of madame Paane ^ which was 

1 The Due d'Anville's fleet. 

■^ Madame Pean, wife of Hugues Pean, son of the town major 
of Quebec. She was ' ' young, lively, spiritual, mild and obliging, 
and her conversation amusing." She was later a close associate 
of the famous Intendant Bigot. A'. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 85. 

150 




Portrait of Governor William Shirley. 

From Drake's " French and Indian War." 



The Tote Journal 

to Recommend her to ye English In Case She Should 
be Taken In Going to france, and She Expected to 
Sail with those Ships yt are In this place 

Wednesday ye 22 July Rainey Sloppey weather 
ye Greater part of ye Day our Yard was almost over 
Shoos in mud and mire we had a present of 120 
Livers Sent us from ye Entendent to buy Small Ne- 
cessairies for our passage mr Shierly^ was hear and 
told me I might Depend upon his word yt we 
Should Embarque in about 3 days Viz those ye Saild 
for Boston. 

Thirsday 23d This Day we was Informed by ye 
Barbour who Comes to Shave us Everey thirsday yt 
he beliveed he Should Shave us once more before we 
took our Departure from this place mr Portois was 
hear after and told us those yt Saild for Boston would 
Embarque a Saturday Next this was also afterwards 
Confirmed by mr Laurain. There was also a woman 
here yt was taken at Sarotoga about 1 8 months past 
who Told us we Should Embarque in a few Days this 
woman had her husband killd when Taken and has 



1 A son of Gov. William Shirley, of Massachusetts Bay. Gov. 
Shirley had by his first wife, Frances, daughter of Francis Barker, 
four sons and five daughters ; namely : William, Jr., secretary to 
General Braddock, and killed in 1755; John, acaptain inthearmy, 
died at Oswego ; Ralph, who died young; Thomas, governor of 
the Leeward Islands, major-general, baronet in 1786, and died in 
1800 ; Judith, who died young ; Elizabeth, m. Eliakim Hutchin- 
son ; Frances, m. William BoUan ; Harriet, m. Robert Temple, 
and Maria Catherine, m. John Erving. Heraldic Journal, vol. ii. 
pp. 1 16-1 18. 

'5' 



The Tote Journal 

6 Chilldren in ye hands of ye Sauvages She Expects 
to Stay here till a peace by Reason her Children 
Cannot be Exchanged She Lives with a Gentleman 
In town In a Genteel hansome manner and I be- 
lieve will Content her Self to Live hear all ye Days 
of her Life 

Friday 24th mr De Chalet Came and told us yt we 
Should Sail to morrow Rainey ye Docter Came with 
mr De Chalet to feel of all ye mens pulses to See who 
was fit to Go and Severel was Rejected and thought 
not proper to Send. 

Saturday 25th This Day fair and Clear, mr De 
Chalet was hear in ye morning and told us yt those 
for Boston would Sail this afternoon and us for Luis- 
bourg would Sail in about 3 days, Last Night Diserted 
to ye french as Soon as they Understood we Should 
Certainly Be Redeemd Daniel Larreyjn^ Tobin, John 
Mce Donell, Willm mullalley James Middlebourough, 
John MccClur and his wife, Thomas Mce Clocklin and his 
wife Robert willson George Winwright Thomas an- 
derson, Peter mcc million David Berrey these people 
whent away Verey Secretly about Ten at night this 
Day Came mr De Chalet and ye major at about 2 In ye 
afternoon and Gave orders for ye Prisoners yt was 
Bound for Boston all to make Ready In order to Im- 
barque there was taken out i 59, thirteen of which 
Belonged to our Company mr De Chalet Informed 
us we Should Embarque a mondy morning yt was 
Designd, for Luisbourgh Wind East, at Night Came 
in two Prisonners yt was taken at Sarostogue ye 19th 
of June past with mr Chew. 

152 



The Tote Journal 

Sunday ye 26 of July ye Captain of ye Gaurd was 
with us in our Chamber about 3 hours I had much 
Discours with him Concerning Sundrey affairs he In- 
formed me yt Gotes ^ of anapolis Royel and his familey 
was bound to this place In order to Settle here he also 
told us yt we Should Embarque to morrow without 
fail he also Gave us an account of ye Battle yt was at 
menes Last winter &c and told us they Lost upwards 
of 40 men although we always was Informed before 
yt they Lost but 5 Viz 3 Indians and 2 french 

monday ye 27th Receivd a Letter from ye flag of 
truce yt gave us an acount yt ye Vessell we was to 
Go in was all Ready for Sailling her Sails bent &c, at 
about 9 In ye morning Saw ye other Vessell'^ Under 
Sail, this day Died John Pattison one yt was taken 
In his majestys Sloop ye Albaney at Night mr De 
Chalet Came to our Camps and told us yt we Should 
not Sail till Whednesday morning 

Whednesday ye 29th July 1747 at about 10 In ye 
morning Came mr De Chalet & ye major and told us 
to make preparation for to Imbarque at }i after 10 
we was orderd to pack up our Bagage In order for our 

1 There were various persons of the name of Gotre in Nova Sco- 
tia as late as 1755. See Coll. of Novo. Scotia Hist. Soc, vol. iii. 

2 This ship, " La Vierge-de-Grace," was commanded by Captain 
Larregni, and sailed for Boston with 180 prisoners. She came in 
sight of Cape Breton on Aug. i, and arrived at Boston on the 
16th. M Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. p. 118; Norton, p. 40. For a 
list of the prisoners who died in Quebec, and of those who ar- 
rived at Boston in the above vessel, see N. Y. Post Boj>, August 
V> '747- 

20 153 



The Tote Journal 

Departure. I Being aprehensive we Should be all 
Serched Desired our people all to be Carefull of their 
papers and Gave my Journal to a woman Prisoner who 
promisd me She would Carrey it Safely to Luisbourg 
Under her peticoats where I hoped there was no Dan- 
ger of their Serching. Between 1 1 and 1 2 Came orders 
for for us to take our Departure we was Conducted 
through ye town by a Gaurd of Soldiers after having 
been Serch^l Several Gentlemen and Ladys Discoverd 
joy and Seemd to particepate with our joyfuU news 
of being Redeemd, whilest others Discover^ quite ye 
Reverse and I believe would have been pleasd to See 
us Commence another two Years Captivity, when we 
was Imbarqued on board ye Brigantine flag of truce, 
le Saint Esprit ^ monsieur le fevre Commandr, ye Capt 
Informd us we Should Sail in about 2 hours, but Soon 
had ordres from ye General to ye Contrary and Could 
not Sail till ye Next day, we are in No men woman 
and Children prisoners on board this Vessell 8s In 
this time I have ye opertunity as we Lay Right against 
ye town ^ to make Several observations Viz ye River 
to yeSE of ye City Tends SWBS and NEBN & 
about % of a mile in weadth. ye Land over against 
ye City Seemed verey Commodious for an armey to 



1 The French account states that she had on board about eighty 
prisoners. She returned from Cape Breton to Quebec Aug. 26th. 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. X. pp. 1 19, 124. 

2 For other contemporary descriptions of Quebec see N. Y. Col. 
Docs., vol. vi. p. 580 ; vol. ix. p. 1 103 ; Pa. Gazette, 1746, Nos. 
922 and 926. These articles in the Ga{ette are reprinted from 
the Gentleman's Magazine for March, 1746. 

154 




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The Tote Journal 

Incamp against it, having a Gradual Desent from ye 
City So yt an armey may Come within a Small Dis- 
tance of ye River under Cover of ye Land without 
any molestation from ye City Except by bombs. 

I find by ye best observations I Can make ye Tide 
flows S E B S and N E B N or "",=1 on full and Change 
days there is at Low water In ye River where ye Ships 
Ride about 12 fathom, ye City of Quebec is Cituated on 
a Neck of Land in ye River of Canada, from ye South 
to ye S E of ye City is Verey high Land near 100 foot 
high Clost by ye water Side and almost Perpendiculer. 
from ye S E of ye City to y e N N W part of it is almost 
level with ye water, about a proper wedth for a Street 
of houses and is Called la basse Ville. from ye N W 
part of ye town to ye South part which is ye Back 
of ye town is a wall ye two Ends of which has been 
built Since I have been here Viz within two Years 
past, ye midle part we are Inform^ has been built 
about 50 Years and is verey Rotten. 

I have Seen ye prisoners as we was Encampd by it 
after our prison was burnt, beat down with stones near 
a Load of it at a time ye wall is about 30 foot high, and 
about 10 or 12 foot thick. I believe there is but three 
Gates, which we saw. one at ye S W of ye town and 
another at ye W ye other at ye N W there is also three 
Galley portes yt we Saw and I believe they have no 
more, ye Kings Yard is at ye N W part of ye town 
where they build Large Ships there is at present a 70 
Gun Ship on ye Stocks and a 20 Gun Ship lays in ye 
dock near ye Yard yt has been Launchd about 18 
months and waits for her Riging which has been Sent 

•55 



The Tote Journal 

from france three times already and taken by ye Eng- 
lish, ye tide flows about 20 foot perpendiculer ordi- 
nary tides, between ye City and ye Island of Orleans 
is a fine Bay where Ships of any Burthen may Ride 
Secure & Especially to ye S E part of ye City where 

1 observe ye men of war Useally Ride, ye River is 
Navigable up to ye City of montrial which is 60 Leagus 
above Qiiebec But I Never Could hear of any Vessells 
of Greater Burthen then 100 Tuns yt passes from 
Quebec to montrial they Lay up their Ships In ye 
winter at ye N W part of ye Town where it is dry at 
Low water, as 1 Lay on Board ye flagg of truce Right 
against ye Town from whednesday Noon till thirsday 

2 P M 1 had ye opertunity to observe their Strength 
in yt part of ye City yt faces ye Road or Bay, where is 
all their Strength and is as follows Viz at ye S part of 
ye City and Near ye water Side is a Battrey of 1 2 Guns 
and has been Lately Erected a Small Distance to ye 
Eastd of y^ aforsd & on ye Sumit of ye hill is a Small 
fort in which is 10 Guns, on a Large opening to ye S E 
of ye City is a platform on which are about 30 Cannon 
whichappearstobe Small, aLittleto ye Eastdofyeaforsd 
at ye Common Landing or fish market at ye water Side 
is a Regular Bastion of 16 peices of Cannon yt appears 
to be But Small above yt on ye top of ye hill to ye E S E 
of ye Town is a Large platform which being on a 
point Lays in ye form of a half moon on which are 
30 Cannon But Neither this Nor ye platform before 
mentiond have anything to Screen ym not So much as 
faciens. of what Size those Cannon are 1 Cannot Say 
any otherwise then by ye Shoot I observed in ye Court 

156 



The Tote Journal 

before ye Governours pallace where we was put ye 
28th of april past when our prison was burnt. 

In this place was their magazine of Shot and I believe 
ye only one they have where ye Shot being piled In ye 
form of Reguler pyramids we made a Computation of 
theirNumbers andBigness andfound ym as follows Viz 
18 pounders about 260 twelve pd 400 9 pd 450 and 
6 pd 500 of 3 pd 1000 Shells of 9 Inches 27 and 2 
morters of Cross bar Shot about 520 hand Granads 
about 300 two peices of Brass Cannon Before ye 
Governours door 9 pounders which I am Informd is 
a previledge Belonging to all marchells of France there 
is Amberzures In ye wall at ye N W part of ye town 
where they have wrought for this two Years past fill- 
ing it up with mould but is not Yet Compleated nor 
any Guns placd I Supose their Design is In Case they 
Should be attackd by Land in yt part of ye town to 
Remove their Guns from Some of ye aformentiond 
platforms to this place, ye City of Quebec to ye Best 
of my opinion is about ye Bigness of Charlestown in 
N E and Consists of two parts, la haute Ville et la basse 
Ville ye basse Ville or lower town Stands almost on a 
level with ye water, the Governours pallace is one of 
ye most RemarkableBuildings in Quebec and Stands at 
ye S E part of ye Town . there is in it also 5 Churches 2 
ConventS2 Hospitals and a Large Colledge ye Residence 
of ye Jesuits, there is also a Large Hospital Called ye 
Kings Hospital a Remarkable Building yt Stands about 
^ of a mile without ye City to ye Westd. 

ye Inhabitant[s] are Under Continual aprehensions 
of ye English paying them a Vissite both By Land and 

157 



The Tote Journal 

Sea which if they Should they plainly Discover they are 
Consious to themselves they Cannot Long Stand ye 
Test, ye Contrey is verey fertil and a Good Soil But ye 
winter verey Severe. By ye Best Information I Could 
have Since 1 have been In Canada which is Now above 
two Years there is In ye Countrey Between 30 and 40 
thousand men though they have had ye ambition to 
tell me Sundrey times they have Upwards of 60000 
But its absolutly Necessary to allow as much for Lee 
way for any of their assertions as for a Ship yt Sails 
by ye wind Under her Courses, they are Settled By 
ye River Sides about i3oLeagus Several farmers have 
made no Scruple to Let us know they would turn to 
ye English In Case they Should Come against ym 
Rather then Loose their Estats as they have no Intrest 
In oldfrancenoraretheir Indians much to be Depended 
on for they have often told me in Case ye English Should 
Come they would be on ye Strongest Side, and many 
of ye French have verey Sincearly told me Same ye 
old France Soldiers who have for a Long time been 
our Gaurd wish for nothing more than an English 
fleet or armey as having no other hopes of Getting to 
Europe But by ye Ruduction of Canada yt it may be 
Soon affected is ye hearty wish 1 Believe of Everey 
English Subject yt has any Knowledge of Canada, and 
Especielly all those their Neighbours on ye Continent 
In America. 

Thirsday ye 30th July 1-747 at about 2 P m we 
Come to Sail and Took our Departure from Quebec 
which I have been Longing and wishing for above 
two Years after we had Sailed about a mile and half 

158 



The Tote Journal 

ye Capt Informd us it was ye Generals ordres we must 
be put down below ye Deck, and orderd us all down. 
ye other two masters of Vessells Viz James Suther- 
land and Willm Lambert and my Self was ordered 
down in ye Cabbin after which ye Compases was or- 
dered by ye Capt to be all Lockd up. and we kept Be- 
low for Some time till they had passed Several Eminent 
Dangers Viz Shoals Rocks and Sands &c ye Capt Came 
down In ye Cabbin and Drawd his Cutlash and Leav- 
ing ye Scabord Behind him Ran up upon ye Deck with 
all possible Expedition Swearing by God and all angels 
and Saints yt if any of his people ye french Sailors 
was In any manner Delitary and did not Carefully ob- 
serve his orders to a moment he would Separate their 
heads from their Bodys with his Cutlash. and Spoke 
from time to time with an audible Voice Starboard 
port and thus &c. and Swore by all yt was Good yt 
he would murther Some of them In a Verey Short 
time, we hearing Such a Confusd Noise upon Deck 
and Susspected this was on purpose to Deceive us as 
we had been so long aquainted with their Subtilty. 
Therefore we was Resoulved To Convince our 
Selves which was Verey Easey. there was one of 
their Small Staysails Spread before ye Cabbin windows 
which we Could lift up at pleasure and observe her 
wake & found yt although there was Such a Cursing 
and Swearing and Some times Invoking of Saints. 
Yet they Never alterd her Course In ye Least, when 
ye Capt Suposed he had Suficienly obtaind his Ends 
he Came down In ye Cabbin and Told us a Lamen- 
table tale of ye Difficultys we had passd and had to 

>59 



The Tote Journal 

pass and that he thought there was no place In whole 
Univers so Difficult Navigation, we had permission 
from ye Capt to Come up for a few minuts and then 
hurred down with all possible Spead and ye afforsd 
project Repeated Several times at about half after lo 
at Night we Came to an anchor and by ye Best Com- 
putation I Could make we have Come about 27 or 28 
Leagus and our Course Between NE&BE&ENE 
at about 12 at Night Come to Sail fine weather fresh 
Gale at about W S W. 

July 31st i-j^-y The wind Continue In our favour 
at about 2 P M ye Capt orderd ye Compases to be 
brought up and put in ye Binecle and told us we might 
now make what observations we thought proper I 
aprehend we are about 60 Leagus Distance from Que- 
bec Cours[e] made Good about NEBEat4PM 
Spoke with a Brigantine a prise yt had been taken 
from ye English Loaden with Rice and was bound for 
Quebec © 3 P M Saw a Large Ship to ye N ward of 
us yt we Supposed to be ye Ship yt had Taken ye 
aforsd prise But She being at a Great Distance from 
us we Could not Speak with her. 

Saturday August ye 1st I'j^-j A M Small Brease at 
about S S E P M almost Calm misty Cloudy weather 
Great Sea from ye S W. 

Sunday august ye 2d 1747 This 24 Hours Vari- 
able winds and Foggey at 1 2 of ye Clock Noon Sup- 
posed we was 100 Leagus from Q_uebec. 

monday ye 3 of august 1747 at about 10 A M made 
Gaspee^ and ye Island of anticostia which is Called ye 

1 Gaspe Bay, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 
160 



The Tote Journal 

Entrance of ye River of St Laurance we Suppose our 
Selves about 135 Leagus Distance from Quebec ye 
westermost End of ye Island of anticostia^ Bears from 
Gaspee about N E B N and about 14 Leagus Dist This 
Day at ye Suns Setting I took her magnitecal ampli- 
tude and found ye Variation of ye Compass about 
19® //Oo' W Variation, this Day ye Capt of ye flagg 
of truce observed to us Sundrey times yt he was Ex- 
ceedingly Surprisd there was no English Ships Cruz- 
ing at ye mouth of ye River. 

Tuesday ye 4th of august 1747 This day fine 
fresh Gale ye Greater part of ye Day wq whent at ye 
Rate of 10 Knots at 8 Pm made ye Island of Capbriton 
about 10 Leagus Distanc and Bore S E ye North Cape 
fine weather Wind West. 

Whednesday ye 5th at 6 A M Clost In by ye North 
Cape, this Day fine Pleasent weather Light winds and 
Variable at 6 P M Saw a Large Ship a head of us yt 
we Supposed to be a man of war at about 7PM 
Hoisted our Colours and fired a Gun to Leward to 
Signifie to ye Ship what we was. ye Ship we Per- 
cievd Changd her Course and Stood In for Spanish 
River we Supposed her To be a Coler bound to 
Spanish River for Cole. 

Thirsday ye 6th Fair Pleasent weather Light Gales 
of wind and Sumthing Variable at 6 P M Came to an 
anchor In a Bay Called miray Bay - where we Saw two 
Sail of Schooners In ye head of ye Bay at an anchor 

1 Natiskotek, corruptly Anticosti Isle. New Map of Nova Sco- 
tia, 1755, in Jefferys, French Dominions. 

2Mira Bay, Cape Breton, the outlet of Mira River. 
21 i6i 



The Tote Journal 

which we Supposd to Be Cruzers from Capbriton to 
Spanish River to Gaurd ye Coasters for wood and 
Cole &c. 

Friday ye yth at about 5AM Come to Sail fine 
pleasent morning and almost Calm. yeCapt ofyepiag 
of truce Inform^ us we had But about 4 Leagus to Luis- 
bourg. ye Schooners yt Lay at anchor, hi ye head of ye 
Bay Seeing us Comming to Sail Come to Sail as Soon 
as possible and Being almost Calm by ye help of their 
oars they hailed upon us Verey fast, our Capts Design 
was to go between ye point of Cape Briton and Scat- 
teree ^ and told us we Should arrive to Luisbourg in 
about 2 or three hours, ye wind being Right against 
us to go through we was abliged to make Several 
tacks and by ye time we had got about half through 
ye passage one of ye Schooners Came within Shot of 
us and Fired at us two of her Bow Chase ye Capt of 
ye Flag of truce hoisted his Colours and fired a Gun 
to Leeward. But Being Exceeding Desireous to Go 
to Luisbourg would by no means Stop, ye Schooner 
In Chase of us Came up with us Verey fast and gave 
us a Shot yt Came between our masts and jest miss^ 
ye Boat yt Caused us to Strike, after which we found 
ye Schooner Belongd to Governour Knowls and ye 
Governour on board, who ordered us to Spanish 
River under ye Command of ye other Schooner yt 
was In Company with ye Governours. This Night 
we Came to an anchor In Spanish River In Company 

1 Scatarie Island. The above spelling was also used. See Q\h- 
son, Journal of the Siege of Loiiisboitrg, pp. 25, 38. 

162 



The Tote Journal 

with ye Norwich ^ and Cantubary ^ and ye Bumb ^ 
His majestys Ships and ye afors^ Schooners. 

Saturday ye St'i we Prisoners was Carried on Board 
His majestys Ship ye Norwich Command By Capt 
Petts* after our Names was Called over &c. ye Sol- 
diers and women and Children and Some that was 
Sick was Sent on Board his majess Ship ye Commet 
Bumb In order to be Sent to Luisbourg. and ye Rest 
of us Receivd orders to Stay on Board ye Norwich. 
But with much Difficulty after about 2 or 3 hours In- 
terceeding we obtain^ permission from ye Governour 
Knowls to Go on Board ye Comet Bumb three of 
us Viz mr James Sutherland formerly master of ye 
Schooner Seaflower yt was Taken at anapolis when 
I was. and one Willm Jonston and my Self. 

Sunday ye 9111 of august 1747 on Board ye Comet 
Bumb in Spanish Bay ^ hear we Continued till Tues- 
day about 10 P M when we took our Deptr for Luis- 
bourg where we arived ye 14th of august at about 
10 A M. Being Friday ye Same day of ye week yt my 
misfortune Began when I had ye Unhappy fate to be 
taken by ye french and Indians at anapolis ye 17111 of 
may 1745. as to ye Transactions yt passd ye time I 
was on Board ye Comet Bumb I Shall omit. But am 
Under obligation to accord with ye old Proverb Viz 
ye Tender mercys of ye wicked are Cruel, at about 

1 A 50-gun ship. 

2 The " Canterbury," of 60 guns. 

3 "Comet Bomb." 

^ Perhaps Petitpas. See iV. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x. p. 124. 
5 Spaniard's Bay is now Sidney, Cape Breton. 
163 



The Tote Journal 

5 P m I obtained permission to Go on Shore which I 
was obliged to Confess a Great Gratification and al- 
most beyond my Expectation. I made my aplication 
to Capt Bastide his majestys Engenr In Chief Under 
whose Direction I was when taken who Informed 
me he was Still willing to Imploy me again, and yt 
I Should Receive my wages for ye time I have been 
Under Confinement. I have also Intillegence yt my 
friends & Relations are In a Good State of health, 
and yt all those who was my Benefactors and friends 
Before I was taken Still Continue ye Same. So with 
a Sincere Desire to Be Gratfull both to God and man 
for all ye mercys and favours I have Receivd from time 
to time and Especially this my Deliverance from ye 
hands of my Enemies after about two Years and 
three months Confinement. I Conclude & may Say 
I have been In Perrils by Land and perrels by Sea. 
perrels amongst my Enemies, and Lastly among those 
of my own Countreymen 

Finis 

William Pote Jun' His Book 
Anno Domini 1747 
Le Livre de 

Guillaume Pote le fil 
I'an mile Sept Cens 
quarante Sept. 



164 



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A LIST OF PRISONERS NAMES DIED WHILE I WAS 
IN QUEBEC 

march i6'h 1746 Laurance Plater . . . . • ' 

August 16* Thos Jones of Contoocook . . . . i 
October 20'^ Jacob Reed ......-• 

Novbr I John Reed Son to Dtt? 1 

9th Davis 13th Jn9 Bingham ...... 2 

lytl* Nathan Ames 18 Andrw Hanes .... 2 

20 Jacob Grout. 234 Jn^ Bradshaw 2 

28 Jonathan Donham 30th Will™ Bagley ... 3 

Decembr 2 Garret Vandervarique ..... i 

6th Pike Gordon of Sawcoe ...... 1 

7 martha Quacinbush ....... i 

1 ith meriam Scott 16* John Brown 1 .... 2 

18 mary Woodwell 23d Rebecah Scott- .... 2 

26 Willm Dayly of New York • 

January 2 Thomas Atkinson ...... i 

3 Jonathan Hogerdon i}^^ Francois Andrews . . 2 

1 5 Jacob Bagley 1 7 Guy Brabant 2 

Coming from Bay Vert 2 Sam'} Lovet i . . • 3 
Febuary loth moses Scotts Child . . . . .1 

,,th Will? Gilbert 23d Richd Bennet .... 2 

Card over -3' 

ijohn Boon is the correct name. 
2 Should be Rebecah Perrey. 

165 



The Tote Journal 

Brought over . . . . • 3' 

25 Michal Dugan an old man ...... i 

march 20th James megraw 22dJn?Fort ... 2 

22 Sam" Goodman 29A mary Smeed . ... 2 

April 8* Jno Smeed & James Jordon .... 2 

Phillip Scaffield i 

iqA Anthoney Portuguese ...... i 

12 Timothy Commins 13th Amos Pratt . . . . 2 

i6thJnoDill i8'h Samil Vaugan 2 

26 Joseph Dennen & ann Carter . .2 
April 30th Sam'.I Evens, may pth Sarah Liddle . . 2 
13'h Daniel Smeed ........ i 

15th Hezekiah Huntington ...... 1 

Joseph Gray. Christian Vader ...... 2 

iS'h Sam'} martin 19th Sam" Buibank .... 2 

20th Abraham Fort & Sam'} Williams 2 

2 ist Nath'l Hitchcock. 25 Nehemiah How ... 2 

26 Jacob Qiiacinbush & his Son Isaac . . . . .2 
30 Jacob Sheaperd ....... 1 

June 3d 1747 Capt. David Roberts 1 

9 Jn° Pitman 12 Abraham Degrave .... 2 

Died 3 men Comming from Bay Vert . . . . .3 

Carr4 over ..... 67 

Brought over . . . . -67 

June 19 1747 Sam'} Stacey ...... 1 

20 Will™ Nason of Cascobay ...... 1 

July I St Mathew Lorain 3d an Infant .... 2 

4 Jno Trindal 1 1 Daniel Norwood . . . . .3 

16 James Doyell ........ i 

17 Phinehas Furbush 22d Jona'h Brigman i . . .2 

27 Jn? Pattison 1 



Total 



77 



^Jonathan Bridgman, of Sunderland. He was taken prisoner 
at Fort Massachusetts, Aug. 20, 1746. See Norton, p. 40. 

166 



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APPENDIX 



APPENDIX 



I. THE POTE FAMILY 

The following information concerning the Pote family is based 
on extracts from official records, kindly furnished by Mr. L. B. 
Chapman, of Portland, Maine. While the documents he was so 
good as to send would, of themselves, supply a superb genea- 
logical monograph on the Potes, the following summary, it is 
hoped, will furnish the essential knowledge of this typical family 
of Colonial New England. — J. F. H. 

1. THE POTES IN GENERAL. 

Marblehead, Massachusetts, was incorporated in 1649. In 1674 
a list of householders numbered 114. The name of William 
Pote appears in the number. He married October4, 1688, Hannah 
Greenfield, and eleven days thereafter she died. On August 7, 
1689, he married Ann Hooper. Their son William, born in 1689, 
married Dorothy Gatchell on June 2, 1715. Their children 
were: 1, Ann; 2, William; 3, Gamaliel; 4, Jeremiah; 5,Elisha; 
6, Increase; 7, Samuel; 8, Thomas; 9, Greenfield. It is pre- 
sumed that the first five children were born at Marblehead, Mass ; 
the rest were born in Falmouth. Falmouth was incorporated in 
1718. In 1728 Captain William Pote was admitted a citizen. 
June 15 of that year an acre lot for a house was granted him, 
and on the i8th day of the same month a three-acre lot was 
granted him. ^ 

In 1730 James Knap and Mary, his wife, of Falmouth, for a con- 
sideration of £110 current money, conveyed to William Pote, 

1 Old Falmouth records, city clerk's office, Portland, Me. 
22 '69 



The Tote Journal 



\ 



husbandman, of Falmouth, a certain tract of land located in Fal- 
mouth containing fifty-five acres, formerly belonging to John 
Rider, adjoining on Benjamin Skilling's and so fronting on Back 
Cove, and northerly adjoining on the land now in possession of 
Thomas Flint, and so running back into the woods the same 
course with the land aforesaid until the fifty-five acres are made 
up.i In 1735 the same lot was granted him by the Falmouth 
Proprietors. 2 

On the westerly side of the highway, located in 1735 between 
the present residences of Dr. A. P. Topliff and George Rackleff, 
Captain Pote constructed a two-story dwelling-house, with a huge 
chimney in the center. It was painted yellow. On the oppo- 
site side of the highway stood the barn and barnyard, and on 
the southerly side of these was a well. 

The exact date of the death of Captain Pote is not known. 
July 3, 1 75 1, a letterof administration was granted William Pote, 
Jr.,— "estate of your father," but nothing further appears on 
record in relation to the matter. 3 In 1765, in consideration of 
£370, lawful money, the heirs of Captain William Pote conveyed 
the farm to one James Bailey of Amesbury, Mass., who reconveyed 
it immediately to Rev. Thomas Browne, the first minister of the 
4th or Stroudwater Parish, who occupied the premises until his 
death, October 17, 1797. After the death of the widow the prem- 
ises were leased to various persons until 1824, when the heirs 
sold them to Captain Chandler Rackleff, whose son George, born 
October 22, 1816, now lives close to the site of the old Pote 
mansion house. This last house was demolished about 1850. 

II. CHILDREN OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM POTE. 

I. Ann Pote, born October 12, 1716; intention of marriage with 
William Buckman filed January 15, 1736. She died Janu- 
ary 23, 1776, nine diiys after the death of her husband. 
They left several children. 



1 York Deeds, vol. xiv. p. 73. 

^Proprietors' Records. 

3 York Probate Records, vol. viii. p. m. 

170 



The Tote Journal 

2. William Pote, Jr., born December 15, 1718. He did not 
marry; was a surveyor of land and at one time a resident 
of Gorham, Maine. He was the owner of several pieces of 
land. A copy of one of his plans, made in 1744, of "Cooper 
claim," may be seen among the Yorl< deeds at Alfred. Octo- 
ber 6, 1755, a letter of administration was granted William 
Buckman on the estate of William Pote of Falmouth,! 
and the administrator was authorized to make report of in- 
ventory within one year. 

" Inventory of the estate of William Pote, Jr., late of Fal- 
mouth, Maine, taken October 26, 1756. 

X part of the sloop Falmouth, . . . £60 
100 acres of land at Gorham Town, . . 26-13-4 
The after Division of a Right at Gor- 
ham Town, 5- 6-8 

I Strait bodied Coat, 3- 6-8 

I Waist Coat, 2-6-8 

I old Coat, I- 1-4 



£97-14-8 
Stephen Longfellow \ 
Enoch Moody \ ^pp^. 

Richard Stubs ^ 

York, ss. Oct. 26, 1756. Wm. Buckman, Adm." 

" The account of William Buckman, administrator of estate Wil- 
liam Pote, Jr., late of Falmouth. 

Oct., 1760. To cash paid court fees 10/8 & 

I Day attending at Court £ -14- 8 

To Cash for apprizing Said Estate 14- 6 

To myself i day 4/ & Horse and Ferry attending 

Court 8- o 

To Cash paid sundry persons as by Rec'. to Anna 

Foster i- 9- 6 

1 York Records, vol. ix. p. 112. 
171 



The Tote Journal 

To Elisha Dunnam £ 5-6-8 

To John Wendall, Esq. 5-18-11 

To Enoch Freeman, Esq. & Sam' Freeman 9-18- 6^ 

To Sam Sewell & Benj Welch 5-17- 2 

To John Corness Esq. & David Gorham 10-15- 7>^ 

To Hugh Moore & David Gorham 11-12- 9 
To I day to Gorham for said estate, horse & 

Ferry 6 

To 2 days attending vendue & adjournment 8 
To 2 days more attending vendue and getting a 

deed of land for the heirs 8 
To I day settling acts at Boston and at Marblehead 

I day and horse 20- 6 
To 2 days at Falmouth settling accounts sundry 

persons 8 
To recording Deed, time and Expense to render 

this act 8- 4 

To court fees to examine, allow and record this act 6 

£5^-13- 2 
" Cr. By Cash reed Mr. Lumber on act. of Estate 
by a Deed to ye Heirs of a Right in Gorhamtown £16 

" William Buci<man having made oath to the correctness of the 
forgoing was discharged." 

It is not known where William Pote, Jr., died. His grave- 
stone has not been found, and none seems to exist near his home. 
He is seldom called "Jr." in the records, though his autograph 
always bears that designation. 

3. Gamaliel Pote, born October 11, 1721 ; married, August, 1743, 

Mary Irish, of Gorham, born there September 13, 1725. She 
died April 27, 1783. In 1745 he accompanied the Louisburg 
expedition. 

4. Jeremiah Pote, born January 18, 1724; married Elizabeth* 

daughter of Major George Berry and wife, Elizabeth Frink, 
of Falmouth. He died in 1796. 
172 



The Tote Journal 

5. Elisha Pole, born June 14, 1726; was in the Louisburg expe- 

dition of 1745; died young, and was unmarried. 

6. Increase Pote, born September 15, 1728; died young. 

7. Samuel Pote, born October 5, 1731 ; married, but without 

issue; died September 12, 1789. 

8. Thomas Pote, born February 25, 1734 ; married Sarah Merrill, 

1757; joined the New Gloucester Shakers; died in 18 16. 

9. GreenfieldPote, born May, 1736; married Jane Grant in 1758; 

was a mariner, and died at Freeport, Sept. 29, 1797. 



11. JOHN HENRY BASTIDE 

John Henry Bastide, chief engineer for Nova Scotia and New 
Hampshire, was born about 17 10. He aided in fortifying Anna- 
polis Royal soon after the expedition against it in 1744, under 
Duvivier. He was in Boston during the winter of 1744-45, issu- 
ing orders for the payment of bills due for supplies and for ser- 
vices rendered for this purpose. Massachusetts granted him £ 140 
for his services in the repair and construction of forts in that prov- 
ince. He aided materially in the preparation of the plans and 
means for the capture of Louisburg in 1745; and in a message 
from Governor Shirley of Massachusetts to the House of Repre- 
sentatives his services on this occasion were acknowledged. He 
was at Louisburg as late as October 12, 1748. On that day he 
requested in a letter: "I now take the Liberty to Renew my 
Request for leave to Return home, I have been near Eight Years 
abroad, & have stay'd out the War. The HonWe has two very 
good Engineers in America, who are younger, and in a better State 
of health and Vigour to pursue your Commands, than I can ever 
Expect or hope to be. Therefore as the Service cannot Suffer by 
my Absence from this part of the World, I earnestly pray you 
will be so good to mention it to his Grace the Master General, 
to whom I write this day to that purpose." The Catalogue of 
the King's Maps in the British Museum shows manuscript plans of 
the town and fortifications of Louisburg in 1745 by Durell and 
Bastide, vol i. p. 718. 

From 1756 to 1760 Bastide was employed in the reduction of 

•73 



The Tote Journal 

Canada, and in 1761-62 in fortifying tlie harbor of Halifax. He 
was commissioned lieutenant-general in the British army April 30, 
1770. The original manuscript of Poie's Journal was at one time 
in his possession, and bears his signature on one of the fly-leaves. 
Appletons' Cj>c. of Ainer. Biog., vol. i. p. 191 ; Winsor, Narr. 
and Crit. Hist, of Amer.; Manuscript Bills, and Bastide's letter 
of Oct. 12, 1748. See also Pa. Gazette, No. 894, Jan. 28, 1746. 

III. CAPTAIN DAVID DONAHEW 

Captain David Donahew was probably a native of Newbury port, 
Massachusetts. As early as Nov. 7, 1 744, he set out from Newbury 
in the sloop Resolution, belonging to Boston, manned with sixty 
men. He distinguished himself by taking a French ship with 
3000 quintals of fish, and also a sloop containing live stock. The 
General Court of Massachusetts Bay, appreciative of his services, 
voted in February, 1745, to take him and his vessel into the ser- 
vice of the colony. On April 18, 1745, there arrived at Canso a 
prize which had been taken by Captains Donahew, Fletcher, and 
Swan, and which brought intelligence that Warren was coming 
to assist against Louisburg. Donahew's expedition of June 15, 
1745, in Tatmagouche Harbor, is related at length by Pote. 
William P. Sheffield, in his address on the Privateersmen of New- 
port, attempts to give the credit of this exploit to Captain Daniel 
Fones of the Tartar, one of Donahew's colleagues. But the as- 
sertion is untenable. On July 27, 1745, a vessel arrived at Bos- 
ton from Annapolis Royal, having on board Mr. Picket, Donahew's 
steward. He was one of those who went ashore in the Gut of 
Canso when Donahew was killed, on June 29, or, according to an- 
other authority, July 4 or 5. Picket's account was that they 
found 253 French and Indians on shore, with whom they engaged 
for upwards of a quarter of an hour, in which time Captain Don- 
ahew and his brother, with four others, were killed, and several 
taken captive. After the battle the Indians cut open Captain 
Donahew's breast, sucked his blood, hacked and mangled his body 
in a barbarous manner, and, to add to their atrocities, ate a great 
part of his flesh. M. Marin, Jr., son of the lieutenant, told Pote 

«74 



The Tote Journal 

that he himself had killed Donahew. Five of the prisoners taken 
at the Gut of Canso were brought into prison at Quebec on Au- 
gust 15, and a lad on August 16, 1745. One of these, John 
Bradshaw, died there Nov. 24, 1745. Andrew Hall and Samuel 
Gerrish were Donahew's Boston agents, and they, in September, 
1746, preferred a claim on the government in behalf of his es- 
tate, but it was notgranted. Smith, Hist. 0/ Newburj>port, 1854, 
p. 47 ; Letter of Capt. Geo. Curwen to his wife, dated April 17, 
1745, in vol. iii. of Hist. Coll. of Essex Inst,; Pa. Gaiette, No. 
869, for August 8, 1745 ; Drake, Fr. and Ind. War ; Norton; 
How ; Pote. 

IV. COLONEL JOHN GORHAM 

ColonelJohnGorham was a native of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. In 
1745 he was at Annapolis in command of a party of provincial 
troops. The fort being at this time threatened, he was dispatched 
to Boston to obtain troops for its defense. While there he was 
invited to raise a number of men and join the expedition against 
Cape Breton ; was appointed lieutenant-colonel in his father's 
regiment, and put in charge of the whale-boats. He accom- 
panied the expedition, and, on the death of his father at Louis- 
burg, was made colonel by General Pepperrell. On August8, 1746, 
he petitioned for pay as lieutenant-colonel. Three days later, 
with other officers of the "whale-boat regiment," so called, he 
asked that some method be taken to regulate the distribution of 
plunder. In one of his letters to Sir William Pepperrell, he 
requests a letter of recommendation to assist him in carrying 
through his memorial, then before the legislature of Massachusetts. 
Colonel Gorham returned to Annapolis after the capture of Louis- 
burg, and was placed by Governor Shirley in command of the 
Boston troops sent to Minas with Colonel Arthur Noble, but was 
not present at the engagement in which Noble was killed. In 
1748 he was in command of Gorham's Independent Company of 
Rangers. This company had in its ranks many of the Cape 
Cod Indians, and was stationed in Nova Scotia. He was a mem- 
ber of Cornwallis's Council at Halifax in 1 749, but does not seem 
to have remained long in the province, as his name does not ap- 

'75 



The Tote journal 

pear on the Council Books after 1752. An ofificer, "Mr. Gor- 
ham," was wounded in 1755 in an encounter with a body of 
Acadians and Indians under M. de Boishebert, at the River Petit- 
codiac. Whether it was he, or his brother Joseph Gorham, who 
held the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the regular army, is not 
easily determined. The town of Gorham, Me., is called after the 
family. Drake, Fr . and Ind. IVar ; N. Y. Col. Docs., vol.x. pp. 
90, 358 ; Akins, Select, from Pub. Docs, of Nova Scotia, pp. 
168, 169 ; Journal of the House of Rep. of Massachusetts-Bay, 
1746-47, pp. 103. 105, 106. 



V. JOHN PAUL MASCARENE 

John Paul Mascarene, lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, was 
born in October, 1685, near Angles, in the Province of Languedoc, 
France. He was the son of Jean Mascarene and Margaret de 
Salavy, his wife. His father, a Huguenot, was obliged to leave 
France at the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and the son was 
left in the care of his grandmother. On his having attained the 
age of twelve, he went to Geneva, Switzerland, where he was edu- 
cated. Later he removed to England, and was naturalized there 
in 1706. In 1708 he was appointed second lieutenant in Lord 
Montague's regiment, then in garrison at Portsmouth, and on 
April I, 1710, captain in Colonel Wanton's regiment of foot, 
which was ordered to be raised in New England for service in the 
West Indies. With this regiment he served under Colonel 
Nicholson when Port Royal, Acadia, was taken. This place 
was afterwards renamed Annapolis Royal, in honor of Queen 
Anne. On August 12, 1716, Mascarene was appointed captain of 
an independent company of foot, which was to garrison Placentia, 
in Newfoundland. This company was later incorporated with Col- 
onel Phillips's regiment. Phillips was governor of Nova Scotia 
in 1720, and Mascarene was a member of his Council. In this 
latter office he performed able service by his valuable suggestions 
for the defense of the province. He cooperated with the gov- 
ernors of Massachusetts and New Hampshire in negotiating the 
treaty with the Indians known as Dummer's Treaty. He was 

176 



The Tote Journal 

acting governor of Nova Scotia from 1740 until the arrival of 
Governor Cornwallis in 1749. While in this station he success- 
fully repelled the attacks made by the French and Indians under 
Le Loutre and Duvivier in 1744, and under Marin in 1745, and 
by his indomitable courage and perseverance saved Annapolis 
from falling into the hands of the French, even after Canso had 
been destroyed. The inability on the part of the French to 
take Annapolis was regarded by them a great misfortune. On 
the arrival of Cornwallis as governor, Mascarene was sworn in as 
senior member of his Council. By him he was dispatched on 
special duty to New England in 1751, and he aided General Shirley 
in reconciling the Indians of western Acadia to the British 
crown. Mascarene, being now old, retired from active service, 
was commissioned major-general in 1758, and spent the rest of 
his days with his family in Boston, Massachusetts, where he died 
Jan. 22, 1760. His wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth 
Perry, was a native of Boston, and by her he left a son John, and 
three daughters, from whom are descended the colonial families 
of Hutchinson and Perkins. His son John was comptroller of 
customs, married Margaret Holyoke, and died in 1778. His 
daughters were married to Thomas Perkins, James Perkins, and 
Foster Hutchinson. There was published in Boston in 1757 a 
small tract entitled "The Manufacture of Pot-Ash in the British 
North-American Plantations Recommended." It is attributed to 
John Mascarene, but whether the former lieutenant-governor 
of Nova Scotia or his son, we cannot say. This sketch is 
founded largely on H. M. Chichester's article on Mascarene in vol. 
xxxvi. of the Dictionary of National Biography ; N. Y. Col. Docs.^ 
vol. vi. p. 482; Appletons' Cyc. of /imer. Biog., vol. iv. p. 
238 ; Memorial Hist, of Boston, vol. ii. p. 555. For accounts of 
the family see Heraldic Journal, vol. ii. pp. 125, 126; New Eng. 
Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ix. p. 239, vol. x. pp. 143-148, vol. 
XXXV. p. 223 ; Baird, Huguenot Emigration to America, vol. ii. 
Baird gives the date of John Paul's death as January 15, 1760, 
which differs from others, who invariably give the date as Jan- 
uary 22. An illustration of the family arms is given in Ver- 
mont, America Heraldica. 

23 177 



INDEX 



INDEX 



Abenakis, the, object to proceed 
to Louisburg, 47 ; history of, 
47, n ; sail for St. Johns River, 
51 ; bring Nehemiah How to 
Quebec, 84, n. 

Acadia, 139; 144; 176; pri- 
soners captured in, 80, n ; In- 
dians of western, reconciled, 
177. See also Nova Scotia. 

Acadians, called "Neutral 
French " after the Treaty of 
Utrecht, 10, n. See also Neu- 
tral French. 

Adams, town in Berkshire Co., 
Mass., 94, n. See also Fort 
Massachusetts. 

Adams, Robert, captured at 
Sheepscott, imprisoned at Qiie- 
bec, 103, 103, n. 

Aikings, William. See Akins. 

Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of, xvi, 
xxxvii. 

Akins, William, captured at 
George's Fort, imprisoned at 
Qiiebec, 90, 90, n. 

Albany, 82; 87; 99, n; 100; 
103, n ; 113; 114; 130; 139; 
Indian messengers from Ca- 



nada sent to, 80, n; prisoners 
captured at, imprisoned at 
Qiiebec, 96 ; Indian depreda- 
tion at, 100, 100, n ; two 
prisoners captured at, impris- 
oned at Quebec, 114. 

Albany, the, a bilander, William 
Lambert, master, 97; 109; 
116, n; 133; 153; captured 
by Le Castor and L'Aurore, 96, 
96, n,97, n. 

Alexander, James, his opinion 
of the Louisburg expedition, 

XXX. 

Alfred, Maine, 171. 

Allen, Samuel, nephew of ser- 
geant John Hawks, his release 
from captivity in Canada, 96,0. 

Ames, Nathan. See Fames. 

Amesbury, Mass., 170. 

Anderson, Abraham, marries 
relict of Edward Cloutman, 
89, n. 

Anderson, Anna. See Clout- 
man. 

Anderson, James, father of James 
and Samuel, killed, 89, n, 
loi, n, 102, n. 



181 



The Tote Journal 



Anderson, James, a lad captured 
at Sheepscott, loi, n ; impris- 
oned at Quebec, 89, 89, n. 

Anderson, Samuel, a lad cap- 
tured at Sheepscott, 10 1, n; im- 
prisoned at Quebec, 89, 89, n. 

Anderson, Tiiomas, prisoner at 
Quebec, deserts to French, 152. 

Andrews, Francis, of Cape Ann, 
dies in prison hospital at Que- 
bec, 109, 109, n, 165. 

Angles, France, 176. 

Annapolis Basin, xii ; xxvi; i. 

Annapolis River, 17, n; army 
crosses, 18. 

Annapolis Royal, fort, xii ; xxiii ; 
xxviii; i; 5; 8; 19; 32; 51 ; 
65; 69; 71, n; 80; 82; 84; 
86; 165; 153; 174; 177; gar- 
risoned, xxii; the French plan 
expeditions against, xxiv, xxv ; 
condition of, in 1744, xxiv; 
strength of garrison in 1745, 
xxvi, I, n; attack planned 
against, 2 ; besieged by Marin, 
xxvi, 2 ; strength of besieg- 
ers, xxvi, 2, n ; expeditions 
against, under Le Loutre and 
Duvivier, xxiv, xxv, 2 ; a 
carpenter's wife from, cap- 
tured, 2, n; opinion of French 
soldiers concerning, 6 ; re- 
paired, xxv, 6, n; French offer 
terms of capitulation of, 6; 
spies inspect, 9 ; prisoners at, 
10; spies from Minas at, 
10, n; Marin's army marches 



within sight of, 17 ; its situa- 
tion, 17, n; road from, to 
Minas, 18, n, 32, n; neutral 
French issue a false alarm to the 
French army concerning, 21, 
22; a deserter from, 22, 23; 
a French neutral from, assists 
French, 28; St. John's In- 
dians killed at, 59 ; English 
captured at Minas, sent to, 
113; Duke d'Anville ordered 
against, 120; prisoners from 
Minas said to be exchanged 
from, 127; fortified, 173; Col. 
John Gorham at, 175 ; re- 
duced, 176. 

Anne, queen, Annapolis Royal 
named after, 176. 

Anticosti Isle, 160, 161, 161, n. 

Antigua, 132. 

Antonio, a Portuguese, cap- 
tured with Capt. James Jor- 
dan, dies in captivity at Que- 
bec, 116, 116, n, 166. 

Antwerpen. See Van Antwer- 
pen. 

Anville, N. de la Rochefou- 
cauld, Duke d', 150, n; his 
fleet unfortunate, 120, 120, n, 
121,132; his death and burial, 
120, 120, n ; some of his 
ships arrive at Quebec, 141, 
141, n, 142, 143. 

Apoge. See Ocpack. 

Ardent, French ship, fails to 
appear at Annapolis Royal, 
xxv. 



182 



The Tote Journal 



Aroostook River described, 

67, n- 

Atkinson, Thomas, of Lanca- 
shire, England, dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 108, 108, 
n, 165. 

Auberiviere, Francis Louis de 
Pourray de 1', bishop of Que- 
bec, 130, n. 

Babylon, 44. 

Bagley, Jacob, of Newbury, 
Mass., dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 109, 109, n, no, 
165. 

Bagley, William, captain, 122, 
n; captured by ship L'Aurore, 
dies in captivity at Qiiebec, 
105, 105, n, 165 ; his brother 
dies, 109. 

Bailey, James, of Amesbury, 
Mass., purchases Pote farm, 
170. 

Barker, Frances, married to 
Gov. William Shirley, 151, n. 

Barker, Francis, 151, n. 

Barthe, John, Captain. See 
Lacorne, Rev. Maurice. 

Bastide, John Henry, chief en- 
gineer of Nova Scotia, xiii ; 
8; 12; 31; former owner of 
Pote Journal, xvi, 174; super- 
visesrepairof Annapolis Royal, 
xxv; Pote writes to, 10; his 
letter to Pote, 11; Pote writes 
again to, 100; another letter 
to Pote, 133; meets Pote at 



Louisburg, 164; sketch of, 

173- 174- 

Bastide family of England, xvi. 

Batherick, Jonathan. See Don- 
ham, Jonathan. 

Bay of Arb, army of French and 
Indians at, 92, n. 

Buy of Biscay, 119. 

Bay of Fundy, 40. 

Bay Verte, 29, n ; 48, n ; 49 ; 140 *, 
141; 165; 166; Pete's journey 
to, 48; prisoners brought from, 
to prison at Quebec, 98, 99 ; 
prisoners from Minas said to 
be at, 127; prisoners from, ex- 
pected at Qiiebec, 137; arrive 
at Quebec, 137, 158, 1395 
army under De Ramezay ar- 
rives at Quebec from, 139. 

Beaman, John. See Bement. 

Beaubassin, 29, n; 49; 52; 139; 
Marin's army winters at, xxvi; 
variously spelled in maps, 49, 
n; called by Indians Messa- 
gouche, 49, n ; burned, 50, n ; 
most common route from, to 
Quebec, 50, n. See Chignecto. 
Beauharnois, Charles, Marquis 
de, governor of Canada, i, n; 
74, 74, n; 118, n; 127; offers 
reinforcements for garrison at 
Louisburg, 28, n; Indians and 
captives prepare to meet, 75, 
76; orders distribution of pris- 
oners, 79 ; proposes to Gov. 
Shirley exchange of prisoners, 
80, n ; issues orders concerning 



183 



The Tote Journal 



prisoners, 8i; receives letter 
from Mayor Cuyler, of Albany, 
83; prisonerswriteto, 87; per- 
mits marriage of two prison- 
ers at Quebec, 104; one of his 
Council dies, 109; ordersprison 
hospital to be provided at Que- 
bec, 109, n; orders children 
to be removed from prison, 
112; Sarah Lydle sends peti- 
tion to, 117; his successor, 
120, n, 142; his orders con- 
cerning prisoners after burning 
of prison at Quebec, 123; pe- 
titioned by prisoners for bet- 
ter accommodations, 126; his 
reply, 126; prisoners peti- 
tion to be released, 135; pre- 
pares to exchange prisoners, 
136, 138; receives letters from 
Knowles and Shirley on ex- 
change of prisoners, 146, 
146, n. 

Beaumont, John. See Bement. 

Belshazzar, Kingof Babylon, 44. 

Bement, John, captured at 
Northfield, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 91, 92, n. 

Benedict XIV., 130, n. 

Bennet, Richard, captured by 
Indians on St. John's Island, 
93, n; dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 112, 112, n, 163. 

Berkshire County, Mass., 94, n. 

Berlin, Conn., 95, n. 

Berry, David, prisoner at Qiie- 
bec, deserts to French, 152. 



Berry, Elizabeth. See Frink. 

Berry, Elizabeth, married to Jere- 
miah Pote, 172. 

Berry, George, major, 172. 

Bible quoted, 14. 

Bigot, Franfois, intendant ot 
Canada, 1 12, n ; close associate 
of Madame Pean, 150, n. 

Bingham, John, of Philadelphia, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
102, 102, n, 165. 

Birch bark used for food, 48. 

Black Prince, privateer, arrives 
at Quebec, 143. 

Blake, Nathan, his release from 
captivity in Canada, 96, n. 

Boat Isle in St. Lawrence River, 

Boillison, Susanah, prisoner at 
Quebec, 115; her strange 
union with John Simson, 115, 
n, 147. 

Boishebert, Charles Deschamps 
de, at River Petitcodiac, 176. 

Bollan, William, 151, n. 

Bomaus, Jacques, French neu- 
tral, owner of sloop, 32 ; con- 
verses with Pote, 51. 

Bon Soliel. See Brosard, called 
Beausoleil, Joseph. 

Boon, John, of Devonshire, 
England, dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 107, 107, n, 165. 

Bordeaux, France, brigantine 
from, arrives at Qiiebec, 139. 

Boscawen, N. H. See Contoo- 
cook. 

84 



The Tote Journal 



Boston, xxvi; i ; 57;8o,n; 8i ; 
82; 83; 84; 87, n; 91; 94, 
n; 96; 104; 104, n; 107; 
113; 119; 119, n; 121; 136; 
137; 140; 146; 149; 172; 
173; 174; 175; 177; declara- 
tion of war received at, xxiii ; 
rangers sent from, to Annapolis 
Royal, XXV ; supplies for An- 
napolis Royal sent from, xxv; 
Whitefield preaches in, xxx ; 
treaty of peace proclaimed at, 
xxxvii ; Cape Sable Indians 
prisoners at, 24 ; a prisoner 
at, during Queen Anne's War, 
37; letters from prisoners 
reach, 85; fleet from, to dis- 
place French fleet at Chebucto, 
120; French prisoner at, 133; 
packet with flag of truce fitted 
out at Quebec for, 147, 150, 
151, 152 ; packet La Vierge- 
de-Grace sails from Quebec for, 
153, 153, n; vessel from An- 
napolis Royal arrives at, 174. 

Boularderie, M., defeated and 
captured before Louisburg, 
xxxi. 

Braband, Guy, of Maryland, 
Capt. Chapman's carpenter, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
no, no, n, 165. 

Brabbon, Guyart. See Braband, 
Guy. 

Braddock, Edward, major-gen- 
eral, 151, n. 

Bradshaw, John, captured at 
21 I 



Gut of Canso, dies in captivity 

at Quebec, 104, 165, 175; 

his illness and burial, 104, 

104, n. 
Breda, the, Admiral Hosier dies 

on board, 127, n. 
Breeze, schooner, Capt. James 

Jordan, commander, captured 

by L'Aurore, 116. 
Bress, the, schooner, John Pike 

owner, captured by L'Aurore, 

97- 

Brest, ships arrive at Quebec 
from, 141, 143 ; fleet from, 
defeated, 142. 

Briant. See Bryant. 

Bridgman, Jonathan, captured 
at Fort Massachusetts, dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 166, 
166, n. 

Bridgman's Fort, depredation in 
meadow at, 91, n; location, 
92, n. 

Brimfield, 134, n. 

Brisson, Pierre, pilot, captured 
by Indians on St. John's Isl- 
and, 93, n. 

Bristol, England, 143. 

British Museum, manuscripts 
in, 25, n. 

Broading, John, captured with 
Pote by French and Indians, 
4, n ; in prison at Quebec, 80. 

Brookfield, Mass., 93, n. 

Brosard, called Beausoleil, Jo- 
seph, his civility to Pote, 52; 
outlawed by English, 52, n. 

85 



The Tote Journal 



Brown, John, See Boon. 
Browne, Rev. Thomas, of 

Stroudwater parish, purchases 

Pote farm, 170. 
Brown, Timothy, captured at 

Lower Ashuelot, imprisoned 

at Qiiebec, 91, 91, n. 



Cahiek, W. A., his paper on 
Winniett, De Lacy, and Mil- 
ledge families, 7, n. 

Campbell, Collen, prisoner at 
Quebec, removed to hospital, 
127; at Porto Bello in 1726, 
127. 



Bryant, Sarah, 104; captured Cample, Collen. See Campbell, 
at Gorhamtown, 88; impris- Canada, xiv; xxv; xxviii; 15; 



oned at Quebec, 97 ; sketch 
of, 97, n; dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 128, 166. See also 
Lydle, Sarah. 

Bryant, William, 88, n ; 97, n ; 
117, n; killed at Gorham- 
town, 88, 104. 

Bryant family, 88, 88, n, 104. 

Buckman, Ann. See Pote. 

Buckman, William, marries Ann 
Pote, 170; administrator of 
Pote's estate, 171; his report 
as administrator, 171, 172. 

Burbank, Caleb, 90, n. 

Burbank, Jonathan, 90, n. 

Burbank, Samuel, captured at 
New Hopkinton, imprisoned 
at Quebec, 89,89, n, gon; dies 
in captivity at Quebec, 133, 
133, n, 166. 

Burbank family, 89, 90, n. 

Caesar, slave of Rev. Phinehas 
Stevens, killed at Contoocook, 
90, n. 

Caleb, Indian captured on Goat 



24;29,n; 34; 36:47; 50; 66; 
69; 70; 71, n; 73;92, n; 93, 
n; ioi,n; 102, n; 106, n; 113, 
n; 115, n; 1 18, n ; 123; 155; 
158; deliverance of, xii; plans 
for expedition against, xxxv; 
importance of acquisition of, 
xxxv; failure of expedition, 
xxxvi ; army from, besieges 
Fort Annapolis Royal, i ; tedi- 
ous Journey of French soldiers 
from, 6; Indians from, make 
canoes, 40; rumors of expe- 
dition against, 85, 86, 88, 92; 
flag of truce sent to, 96, n; con- 
quest of, 96, n; prisoners in, 
114, n; fleet under Warren to 
be sent against, 119; several 
French governors of, I20,n; ex- 
pedition against, 122; militia 
in, undisciplined, 124; rumor 
of incursion by Mohawks on 
frontiers of, 134; chief engineer 
of, 149, n; reduction of, 158; 
Bastide's services in reduction 
of, 173. 



Island, 15, n; escapes from his Canard River, in Nova Scotia, 
captors, 70. settlement on, 32, n. 

186 



The Tote Journal 



Canso, xxxiv; garrisoned, xxii; 
Louisburg forces meet at, xxxi ; 
fort built at, xxxi; destroyed, 
xxiii, xxviii, 177. 

Canterbury, man-of-war, 163, 
163, n. 

Cape Ann, 109; 109, n; 1 18, n. 

Cape Breton, xii ; xxiii; xxvii; 
xxx; xxxi; ii; 28; 104; 143, 
n; I53> n; I54,n; 161; 161, 
n; 162; 163, n; 175; strategic 
importance of, xxviii; restored 
to France, xxxvii; regiments 
from Gibraltar sent to, 146. 

Cape Cod, Mass., 175; Indians 
from, serve as rangers in Nova 
Scotia, 175. 

Cape Sable Indians, one named 
Paul, converses with Pote, 24 ; 
several prisoners in Boston, 24; 
Micmacs, 24, n; at Tatma- 
gouche, 40. 

Caribou, French ship, fails to 
appear at Annapolis Royal, xxv. 

Carter, Ann, infant of Susanah 
Carter, 117; born in captivity 
at Quebec, dies, iii, n, 126, 
166. 

Carter, alias Phillips, Susanah, 
sent to hospital at Quebec to be 
delivered, in; her child dies, 
lii,n, 126; returned to pris- 
on, 116, 117. 
Carteret fam ily of Geneva, Switz- 
erland, Pote Journal formerly 
owned by, xv. 
Casco Bay, 141, n; 166; pris- 



oners captured at, imprisoned 
at Qiiebec, 132, 132, n, 140. 

Cavendish, mountain in, named 
after sergeant John Hawks, 
96, n. 

Cebecet. See Cobequid. 

Chalet. See De Chalet. 

Chapeau Rouge Bay. See Ga- 
barus Bay. 

Chapman, William, captain, 82 ; 
99; captured by the Heureuse 
Marie, Sieur De Gay comman- 
der, 80, 80, n ; some of his men 
die, 102, 130; his carpenter 
dies, 1 10, 1 10, n ; ill atQuebec, 
134; his brother-in-law ill, 
135; delirious, 136; in a stu- 
por, 136, 137. 

Charlestown, Mass., its size 
compared with Quebec, 157. 

Charlestown, N. H., 96, n. See 
also Number Four. 

Chateauneuf, Frenchman from 
Penobscot, visits Pote, 35; 
wounded at Ticonderoga, 35, 
n ; acquainted with New Eng- 
land, 36. 

Chatelain, M., lieutenant, of 
Trois Rivieres, conducts a pris- 
oner to Quebec, 93, n. 
Chatinif. See Chateauneuf. 
Chaveleze, Father, a Franciscan, 
dies in Quebec, 109; account 
of, 109. 
Chebucto, harbor of, 98, n; 99; 
99, n; 138; a French fleet 
at, 102, 119-121, 132, 150; 



187 



The Tote Journal 



Duke d'Anville buried on is- 
land in, 120, n. See also 
Halifax. 

Chester, English man-of-war, 
143. 

Chester, N. H., 102, n. 

Chew, Joseph, lieutenant, 146; 
152; captured at Saratoga, 
imprisoned at Qiiebec, 144; 
ill-treated at Quebec, 144, n; 
his account of affair at Sara- 
toga, 144- 

Chignecto, captive woman car- 
ried to, 2, n. See Beaubassin. 

Chignecto Bay, 49, n. 

Chigonais, river in Nova Scotia, 
inhabitants on, 33, n. 

Chipiloginissis. See Eagle 
Lakes. 

Chipman, William. See Chap- 
man. 

Clark, John Boydell, of sloop 
Albany, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 97. 

Clay's Hill (Contoocook),90, n. 

Clinton, George, admiral, gov- 
ernor of New York, Warren 
sends dispatches to, 119. 

Cloutman, Anna (Collins), 88, 
n ; petitions for relief, 89, n ; 
married to Abraham Anderson, 
89, n. 

Cloutman, Edward, 88, n. 

Cloutman, Jr., Edward, 89, n; 
captured at Gorhamtown and 
imprisoned at Quebec, 88; 
sketch of, 88, n; escapes from 



prison, 99 ; does not reach 
home, 132. 

Cloutman, Sarah, 88, n. 

Cloutman, Timothy, of Gor- 
ham, Maine, 89, n; his fam- 
ily, 89, n. 

Cloutman (Cloudman) family, 
88, n; 89, n. 

Clyde River, 50, n. See St. 
Johns. 

Cobequid, in Nova Scotia, the 
several settlements in district 
of, 32, n ; the parish, 33, n ; 
army arrives at, 34; its dis- 
tance from Minas, 34; carry- 
ing place between, and Tat- 
magouche, 35, n ; provisions 
from, arrive at Tatmagouche, 

39- 
Cobequid Basin, 32, n. 
Cobequid Mountains, 36, n. 
Colebrooke, Grand Falls at, 

67, n. 
Collins, Anna. See Cloutman. 
Collins, Sarah, of Philadelphia, 

88, n. 
Collins, Timothy, of Philadel- 
phia, 88, n. 
Colombe, M., commands French 

man-of-war Le Mars, 143, n. 
Comet, the, bomb ship, 163 ; 

prisoners transported on, to 

Louisburg, 163. 
Commins, Timothy. See Cum- 

mings. 
Connecticut, 84; 130; 130, n; 

131; 131, n; men contributed 



188 



The Tote Journal 



by, for expedition against 

Louisburg, xxix. 
Connecticut River, 87; 87, n; 

96, n; 130, n. 
Contoocook, go, n; 94; 165. 

Indian attack at, 90. 
Cook, Elisiia, killed at Contoo- 
cook, 90, n. 
Cook's Hill, 90, n. 
Corbett, Jesse, marries Mary 

Woodwell, 90, n. 
Corbett, Mary. See Woodwell. 
Corinth, Greece, 132. 
Cornelious, one, prisoner at 

Qiiebec, 1 1 1 . 
Corness, John, 172. 
Cornwallis, Edward, governor 

of Nova Scotia, 175; 177. 
Cove d'Eglise, inhabitants at, 

33. n- 

Crocker, James, captain, from 
Bay Verte, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 139 ; his son, 139. 

Croisille de Montesson, en- 
sign, leads detachment of 
Micmacs on St. John's Island, 
93, n. 

Crown Point, 96, n. 

Cummings, Timothy, captured 
at George's Fort, imprisoned 
at Quebec, 91 ; sketch of, 91, 
n; dies in captivity, 117, 117, 
n, 166. 

Cuyler, Cornelius, mayor of Al- 
bany, forwards letter from 
Beauharnois to Shirley, 80, n; 
his letter to Beauharnois, 83. 



Daily, William, of New York, 
captured by Indians on St. 
John's Island, 93, n; dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 108, 108, 
n, 165. 

Daly, William. See Daily. 

Damariscotta, 129, n. 

D'Anville, Duke. See Anville. 

Dartmouth, in Devonshire, Eng- 
land, 97. 

Dartmouth, near Halifax, at- 
tacked by Indians, 52, n. 

David, King of Israel, 14. 

Davis, John, soldier from Louis- 
burg, captured by Indians on 
St. John's Island, 93, n, 102, 
n; dies at Quebec, 102. 

Dayly, William. See Daily. 

De Chalet, M. , interpreter of the 
king,9i; 138; visits prisoners 
at Quebec, 81,82, 83, 85, 86; 
brings them letter from mayor 
of Albany, 83 ; goes to Mont- 
real, 86; at marriage cere- 
mony of two prisoners, 104; 
encourages prisoners to peti- 
tion Gov. Shirley, 107; in- 
forms prisoners of prospect of 
release, 136, 137, 140, 147, 
148, 152, 153; his generosity 
to prisoners, 137, 146; orders 
prisoners to prepare for de- 
parture, 153. 
Deerfield, Mass., 96, n. 
De Gay, Sieur, commander of 
L'Heureuse Marie, takes prizes, 
79, 80, 80, n ; proposal to 



The Tote /oiimal 



exchange prisoners captured 
by, 80, n; Duvignan puts 
prisoners in charge of, gy, n. 

De Graefl", Abraham. See De 
Grave. 

De Grave, Abraham, captured 
near Albany, dies in captivity 
at Quebec, 139, 139, n, 166. 

De Lacy family, 7, n. 

De Lery, Gaspard Chaussegros, 
chief engineer of Canada, 149, 
149, n. 

Denen, Joseph, master of 
schooner Trial, dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 118, 118, n, 
166. 

Denning, Joseph. See Denen. 

Denox, Joseph. See Denen. 

D'Estournel, Vice-Admiral. See 
Estournel. 

Devonshire, England, 97 ; 107, 
n. 



exploit as related by Pote, 41- 
46; his own version, 41, n, 42, 
n; Marin, Jr., claims to have 
killed, 72, 174; five of his 
men and a boy imprisoned at 
Quebec, 82; sketch of, 174, 
175; credit of his exploit, 
174; barbarous butchery of, 
174; his brother killed, 174. 

Donahew, Denis, a deserter, 141. 

Donbar, Robert. See Dunbar. 

Donham, Jonathan, captured 
Vi'ith Pote by French and In- 
dians, 4,0; at St. John's River, 
54; imprisoned at Quebec, 82; 
again imprisoned at Quebec, 
98; sketch of, 98, n; dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 105, 105, 
n, 165; his burial, 105. 

Door, Jonathan, lad captured 
by Indians at Rochester, N. H,, 
93, n. 



Dewen, Robert. See Downing. Dover, N. H., 88, n; 93, 



Dill, John, mate to Capt. Jona- 
than Salter, dies in captivity 
at Quebec, 117, 117, n, 166. 

Doane, Elisha, captain, brought 
from Bay Verte to prison at 
Quebec, 138, 138, n; offers to 
redeem Rachel Quackinbush, 
149. 

Dogan, Michael. See Dugan. 

Doile, James. See Doyl. 

Donahew, David, captain, xiv; 
29, n; 104; effect of his en- 
gagement in Tatmagouche Har- 
bor on Marin's army, xxvii; his 



Downing, Robert, also called 
Dewen, captured by Indians 
on St. John's Island, 93, n ; 
imprisoned at Qiiebec, 94, 94, 
n. 

Downs, Gershom, killed by In- 
diansat Rochester, N.H., 93, n. 

Doyl, James, dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 148, 148, n, 166. 

Dubois, Sieur, commander of 
French vessel Le Castor, 96, n. 

Duchambon, M., governor of 
Cape Breton, sends messengers 
to Marin, xxvii; surrenders 



190 



The Tote Journal 



Louisburg, xxxiv; refuses and 
later requests reinforcements 
for garrison at Louisburg, 29, n. 

Dugan, Michael, Louisburg sol- 
dier, dies in captivity at Que- 
bec, 112, 112, n, 116. 

Dugos,M., French neutral, shuns 
Pote, 17. 

Dummer, William, governor of 
Massachusetts Bay, 65, n; 
176; his treaty with Indians 
renewed, 59, n . 

Dunbar, Robert, captured near 
Albany, escapes from prison 
at Quebec, 99; sketch of, 99, 
n. 

Dunham, Jonathan. See Don- 
ham. 

Dunnam, Elisha, 172. 

Dupuy, M., intendant of Can- 
ada, 81, n. 

Duquesnel, M., governor of 
Cape Breton, orders attack 
against Canso, xxiii. 

Durell, Philip, plan of Louis- 
burg by, 173. 

Duvignan, M., commander of 
French vessel L' Aurore, 96, 
n, 97, 97, n ; sails for France 
in Le Castor, 97, n. 

Duvivier, M., 6, n; 172; de- 
stroys Canso, xxiii ; account of 
his expedition against Anna- 
polis Royal, xxiv, xxv, xxviii; 
leads expedition against Anna- 
polis Royal, 2, n; his attack 
repelled by Mascarene, 177. 

I 



Eagle Lakes, called by Indians 
Chipiloginissis, 69, n. 
Fames, Nathan, of Marlborough, 
Mass., 103, n; captured at 
Fort Massachusetts, 103; dies 
in captivity at Quebec, 103, 
165. 
Eastham, 138, n. 
East Hampton, Middlesex Co., 
Conn., Rev. John Norton, 
pastor of Congregational 
church in, 95, n. 
East Indies, ships bound for, 

142. 
Ellison, Matthew, bearer of flag 
of truce to Canada, 96, n. 
Endeavour, the, sloop, Jonathan 
Salter, commander, captured 
by L'Aurore, 97. 
England, xxi; xxxv; 83; 118, 
n; 127, n; 128, n; 176; ru- 
mor of Pretender in, 85. 
English Channel, 143. 
Enniskellin, Farmaugh Co., Ire- 
land, 121, n. 
Erving, John, 151, n. 
Estournel, Vice-Admiral d', as- 
sumes command of Duke d' 
Anville's fleet, 120; commits 
suicide, 120, 120, n. 
Europe, xxxvi; 83; 119; I43> 
158; fleet under Marquis de 
la Jonquiere designed for, 
132. 
Evans, Samuel, of Newbury, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
122, 122, n, 166. 

91 



The Tote Journal 



Falaise, M., lieutenant, brings 
prisoner from Montreal to 
Quebec, 92, n. 

Falmouth, Maine, xi; 88; 88, 
n; 169; 170; 171; 172; pro- 
prietors of, 170. 

Falmouth, sloop, William Pote, 
Jr., part owner, 171. 

Farmaugh Co., Ireland, 121, n. 

Farnworth, Stephen, 88, 88, 
n ; captured at Number Four 
and imprisoned at Quebec, 
87, 87, n. 

Fletcher, Captain, 174. 

Flint, Thomas, of Falmouth, 
170. 

Florance, Abraham, captured 
with Pote by French and In- 
dians, 4, n; in prison at Que- 
bec, 80. 

Florida, xxi. 

Follett, Charles, master carpen- 
ter, at Annapolis Royal, 6, n. 

Fones, Daniel, captain, com- 
mands Tartar at Tatmagouche 
Bay, 174. 

Forbush, Daniel, of Marlbor- 
ough, Mass., 148, n. 

Forbush, Deborah, of Marlbor- 
ough, Mass., 148, n. 

Forbush, Phinehas, captured at 
Fort Massachusetts, dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 148, 148, 
n, 166. 

Forbush family, 148, n. 

Fort, Abraham, prisoner in 
Canada, 114, n; dies in cap- 



tivity at Quebec, 133, 133, n, 
166; marries Anna Barber 
Clute, 133, n. 

Fort, Jacob, prisoner in Canada, 
114, n; his son prisoner in 
Canada, i 14, n. 

Fort, alias Liberte, Jean, 133, n ; 
husband of Margriet Rinck- 
hout, 114, n. 

Fort, Johannes, captain, cap- 
tured near Albany, dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 114, 114, 
n, 133, n, 166; married to Re- 
becca Van Antwerpen, 114, n. 

Fort, Margriet, 114, n. 

Fort, Nicholas, his son prisoner 
in Canada, 114, n. 

Fort, Rebecca, 114, n. 

Fort family, 114, n. 

Fort Ann, N. Y., 108, n; 114, 
n; 133, n. 

Fort Dummer, 91, n. 

Fort Lawrence erected, 50, n. 

Fort Massachusetts, 103; 103, 
n; 104; 106; 106, n; 107, n; 
no; 115; 116; 117; 129; 

131; 134; 134, n; 136; 148; 

Ib6, n; prisoners captured at, 
imprisoned at Quebec, 94, 95, 
96, 97, n; location of, 94, n; 
depredations at, 94, 95, 95, n, 
96, n; Smead family captured 
at, 115, n. 

Fort Oswego, N. Y., 99, n. 

Foster, Anna, 171. 

Foster family, husband killed 
at Casco Bay, 140; wife and 
192 



The Tote Journal 



children captives at Quebec, 
140. 

Fowler, Jeremiah, marries rel- 
ict of Jesse Corbett, daughter 
of David Woodwell, 90, n. 

Fowler, Mary. See Wood- 
well. 

France, xxi; xxxvii; 6^, n; 83; 
97, n; 99; 100; 117; 144; 
I49,n; 150; 157; 158; 176; 
seconds claims of Pretender, 
xxiii; war between, and Great 
Britain proclaimed, xxiii ; pris- 
oners at Quebec sail for, 84; 
ships from Quebec sail for, 
loi ; damage committed by 
Admiral Martin in, 119, 119, 
n; soldiers from, act as guard 
at Quebec, 122, 123; prison- 
ers from Minas said to have 
been sent to, 127; fleet from, 
142; rumor of war proclaimed 
by Holland against, 143; a 
Dutch merchantman captured 
and sent to, 143. 

Fredericton, in New Brunswick, 

Freeman, Enoch, 172. 
Freeman, Samuel, 172. 
Freeport, Maine, 173. 
French Neutrals. See Neutral 

French. 
French soldiers recount their 

difficulties in the expedition 

against Annapolis Royal, 6; 

offer terms of capitulation to 

Gov. Mascarene, 6. 



Frink, Elizabeth, married to 
Major George Berry, 172. 

Frink, Hannah, first wife of 
Deacon Hezekiah Huntington, 
131, n. 

Gabarus Bay, xxxi. 

Galbaoth, William, Scotchman, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
III, III, n, 165. 

Gallissoniere, Rolan Michel Bar- 
rin, Marquis de la, temporary 
governor of Canada, 120, n. 

Garrish, George. See Gerrish. 

Gartrage, Charles. See Guth- 
erage, Archibald. 

Garwafs, William, See Gal- 
baoth. 

Gaspe Bay, 160; 160, n; 161. 

Gaspereaux, river in Nova Sco- 
tia, inhabitants on, belong to 
district of Minas, 24, n. 

Catchall, Dorothy, married to 
William Pote, father of au- 
thor, 169. 

Gautez, Joseph. See Gautier. 

Gautier (Gautez), Joseph, mas- 
ter of schooner Goatease, 
visits Pote, 28 ; assists French, 
28; promises to ransom Pote, 

33- 

Gautier, Louis, his son impris- 
oned and outlawed, 10, n. 

Gautier, Mrs., detained at Fort 
Annapolis Royal, 10, n. 

Gautier, Pierre or Peter, French 
neutral, son of Louis Gautier, 



26 



193 



The Tote Journal 



imprisoned and outlawed, 
lo, n. 

Gayton, Clark, captain, narrow 
escape of his wife from shoot- 
ing, 94, n- 

Geneva, Switzerland, xv; xvi; 
176; Pote Journal discovered 
in, xi; 

George's Fort, Maine, Indian 
incursions at, 90, 90, n, 91, 
91, n. 

Gerrish, George, lieutenant, 
brought from Bay Verte to 
prison at Quebec, 138. 

Gerrish, Samuel, one of Dona- 
he w's Boston agents, 175. 

Gibraltar, regiments sent from, 
to Cape Breton, 146. 

Gilbert, William. SeeGalbaoth. 

Gilson, Michael, wounded near 
Bridgman's Fort, 92, n. 

Glasgow, xxiii. 

Goatease, schooner, Joseph Gau- 
tier (Gautez), master, prison- 
ers transported on, 32 ; Pote 
transported on, 33. 

Goat Island, in Annapolis Ba- 
sin, xii; xxvi; I ; 16; 30; 59; 
location described, i, n; pris- 
oners captured on, among 
Hurons, 15. 

Goodman, Samuel, captured at 
Fort Massachusetts, dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 115, 116, 
n, 166. 

Goose Island, in St. Lawrence 
River, 75, n. 

I 



Gordon, Joseph, of Saco, father 
of Pike and Joseph, Jr., 106, n. 

Gordon, Jr., Joseph, shot by 
Indians at Saco^ 106, n ; mon- 
ody by his betrothed, 106, n. 

Gordon, Pike, captured at Saco, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
106, 16=; ; account of, 106, n. 

Gorham, David, 172. 

Gorham, John, colonel, 30 ; 
33; 62; 70; 86; 100; several 
of his men captives among 
Hurons, 15; St. John's In- 
dians killed by, 59; at Minas, 
121, 175; his letter to Pote, 
133 ; sends money to Pote, 
133, 134; sketch of, 175, 
176 ; his services in expedi- 
tion against Louisburg, 175 ; 
letter to Pepperrell, 175. 

Gorham, Joseph, lieutenant 
colonel, 176. 

Gorhamtown, Maine, 99; 104; 
172 ; prisoners captured at, 
imprisoned at Quebec, 88, 
97 ; account of Indian attack 
at, 88, 88, n ; Pote a resident 
of, 171; origin of its name, 
176. 

Gotes, Mr., and family, bound 
from Annapolis Royal to Que- 
bec, 153, 153, n. 

Gotre. See Gotes. 

Grand Canard. See Canard 
River. 

Grand Falls, in St. Johns River, 
50, n; description of, 67, n. 

94 



The Tote Journal 



Grand Falls, town. See Cole- 

brooke. 
Grand Lake, 57, n. See also 

Lake Freneuse. 
Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, 24, n; 

32, n. See also Minas. 
Grant, Jane, married to Green- 
field Pote, 173. 
Grass 1., in St. Lawrence 

River, 75, n. 
Gray, Joseph, of Maryland, dies 
in captivity at Quebec, 130, 
130, n, 166. 
Great Britain, xxi; xxii ; ii; 
83; war with Spain, xxii; 
war with France proclaimed, 
xxiii. 
Great Meadows Fort, called 
Number Two, Indians capture 
Nehemiah How at, 84, n. 
Greece, 132. 

Green Bay. See Bay Verte. 
Greenfield, Hannah, married to 
William Pote, grandfather of 
author, 169. 
Grifes, Thomas, deserter from 
Annapolis Royal, 22 ; con- 
verses with Pote, 23 ; im- 
prisoned at Quebec, 82 ; sails 
for France, 84. 
Griffis. See Grifes. 
Groot, Jacob, of Schenectady, 
captured at Saratoga, dies in 
captivity at Quebec, 103, 103, 
n, 165. 
Grote, John. See Groot, Jacob. 
Grout, Jacob. See Groot. 

I 



Guillimin, Captain, commander 
of corvette La Legere, wrecked 
off Sable Island, 104, 104, n ; 
account of, 104, n. 

Gulf of St. Lawrence, 160, n. 

Gutherage, Archibald, sergeant, 
his child dies at Quebec, 145, 
143, n. 

Gut of Canso, Donahew am- 
bushed by French and Indians 
in, 174; prisoners captured 
at, arrive at Quebec, 173. 

Habitant River, in Nova Scotia, 
villages on, belong to district 
of Minas, 24, n. 
Halifax, 99, n ; 175; Indian 
irruptions prevented at, 52, 
n; Bastide's services in forti- 
fying harbor of, 174. See also 
Chebucto. 

Hall, Andrew, one of Dona- 
hew's Boston agents, 175 ; 
ships supplies to Annapolis 
Royal, XXV. 
Hanes, Andrew. See Sconce. 
Harthan, Jonathan. See Hoga- 
dorn. 

Hawks, John, sergeant, in com- 
mand at Fort Massachusetts, 
in prison at Quebec, 95 ; 
sketch of, 95, n, 96, n. 
Hawks Mountain in Cavendish, 

96, n. 
Heard, Joseph, killed by In- 
dians at Rochester, N. H., 

93. n- 
95 



The Tote Journal 

Herbin, M., lieutenant, takes living and married among 

captives at Saratoga, 1 18, n. Hurons, 20. 

Heureuse Marie, ship, Sieur De Hooper, Ann, married to Will- 
Gay, commander, takes prizes, iam Pote, grandfather of au- 
79, 80, 80, n ; proposals to thor, 169. 
exchange prisoners captured Hopkins, William, of Jefferson, 
by, 80, n. captured by Indians, loi, n ; 

Hinsdale, Vermont. See Ver- sells land to Captain John Mc- 

non. Near, 102, n. 

Hitchcock, Nathaniel, captured Hopkinton. See New Hopkin- 

at Fort Massachusetts, dies in ton. 

captivity at Quebec, 134, 134, Horton, Nova Scotia, 9, n. 

n, 166. See also Minas. 

Hocquart, Giles, intendant of Hosier, Francis, vice-admiral, 

Canada, i, n; 107; 126; at Porto Bello, 127, 127, n; 

127; visits prisoners at Que- dies, 127, n. 

bee, 81 ; tells them of their How, Caleb, son of Nehemiah 

stay at Quebec, 84, 87; and How, 84, n. 

that Shirley is dead, 85, n ; How, Daniel, son of David 

prisoners at Quebec send How, captured near Bridgman's 

Christmas greetings to, 106; Fort, 92, n; nephew of Nehe- 

sends brandy to prisoners, miah How, 92, n ; imprisoned 

114; examines Pote concern- at Quebec, iii, n. 

ing burning of prison, 123, How, David, 92, n. 

124; tells Pote of prospec- How, Jemima, wife of Caleb 

tive release of prisoners, 150; How and widow of William 

sends prisoners money for Phipps, 84, n. 

their voyage, 151. How, Nehemiah, 84, n; 92, n; 

Hogadorn, Jonathan, dies in iii, n; imprisoned at Qiie- 

captivity at Quebec, 108, 108, bee, 84; his published "Nar- 

n, 165. rative," xiii ; sketch of, 84, 

Holland said to have pro- n; calls Spafford and others 

claimed war against France, his friends, 88, n; dies in 

143. captivity at Quebec, 135, 166, 

Holyoke, Margaret, married to Hubbard, Zechariah, prisoner at 

John Mascarene, 177. Qiiebec, 133; brought to pris- 

Honewell, John, Englishman on, 133. 

196 



The Tote Journal 



Hudson River, 85, n. 

Hull, 117, n. 

Huntington, Christopher, of 
Norwich, England, comes to 
America, 130, n; at Saybrook, 
Conn., 131, n; removes to 
Norwich, Conn., 131, n. 

Huntington, Jr., Christopher, 
first male child born in Nor- 
wich., Conn., 131 , n. 

Huntington, Hannah, tirst wife 
of Deacon Hezekiah Hunting- 
ton, 131, n. 

Huntington, Hezekiah, son of 
Christopher Huntington, Jr., 
131, n; sketch of, 131, n. 

Huntington, Jr., Hezekiah, of Hutchinson family, 177 
Norwich, Conn., dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 130, 131, n, 
166. 

Huntington, Samuel, of Nor- 
wich, England, comes to 
America, 130, n; settles in 
Newark, N. J., 130, n. 

Huntington, Simon, dies on 
voyage to America from Nor- 
wich, England, 130, n. 

Huntington, Jr., Simon, of Nor- 
wich, England, comes to 
America, 130, n; at Saybrook, 
Conn., 131, n; removes to 
Norwich, Conn., 131, n. 

Huntington family, 130, n, 
131, n. 

Hurons, the, 40; 62; 79; 86; 
location of, 14, n; prisoners 
amongst, 14, 15; Pote conver- 

197 



ses in French with, 15; Vin- 
cent head captain of, 19; an 
Englishman married among, 
20; captain of, defends pris- 
oners, 25,26; customs among, 
27, 28; their estimate of pris- 
oners, 31; boast of their liber- 
ties, 36; object to proceed to 
Louisburg, 47 ; protect cap- 
tives from Indian abuse, 62, 
63; eat entrails of beaver, 74. 
See also Indians. 

Hutchinson, Eliakim, 151, n. 

Hutchinson, Foster, marries 
daughter of John Paul JVlasca- 
rene, 177. 



Indians, 128; 129; 158; allies of 
French, xxi; customs among, 
27,28; preparing to aid French 
garrison at Louisburg, 29; their 
indifference disastrous to Louis- 
burg, 29, n; their manner of 
curingmeat, 37; avarice of, 38; 
their canoes, 40 ; their chiefs at- 
tendcouncil withMarin,46,47; 
object to proceed to Louisburg, 
47; council of, at Beaubassin, 
50; attack Dartmouth, 52, n; 
welcome a priest and prepare 
for mass, 54; curious notion 
of, about thunder and light- 
ning, 55; their method of 
cooking fish, 56 ; cruel treat- 
ment of prisoners by their 
squaws, 57, 58; council of, 58, 



The Tote Journal 



59; a root used for subsistence 
by, 60; corn, etc., planted by, 
61; captive Indian abused at 
Medoctec by, 62, 63; squaws 
dance around Pete, 64; manner 
of catching salmon by, 67 ; 
paint themselves and Indian 
prisoners, 76; prepare for their 
reception at Quebec, j6; ar- 
rive at Quebec, ^6, jj; bar- 
barities of, 78; said to be dis- 
affected toward the French, 86 ; 
depredation by, at Albany, 
100, 100, n; boy captured at 
Albany in the hands of, 114; 
a priest's queer opinion of 
their morality, 128; Dutch- 
men dressed as, 138; report 
concerning captures, 143, n; 
prisoners with, not exchanged, 
147, 148. 

Ireland, 82. 

Irish, Mary, of Gorham, mar- 
ried to Gamaliel Pote, 172. 

Island of Orleans, in St. Law- 
rence River, 75, n; ^6; i~6; 
described, "jS, n. 

Isle aux Basques, in St. Law- 
rence River, 75, n. 

Isle aux Chevres, in Annapolis 
Basin, i, n. 

Isle aux Coudres, in St. Law- 
rence River, 75, n. 

Isles aux Pommes, in St. Law- 
rence River, 75, n. 

Isle du Licvre, in St. Lawrence 
River, 75, n. 



Isle du Roy, in Bay of Biscay, 

119. 
Isle Gross, inhabitants at, 33, n. 
Isle Rouge, in St. Lawrence 

River, 75, n. 
Isle St. Laurent. See Island of 

Orleans. 
Isle Verte, in St. Lawrence 

river, 75, n. 
Islets des Camourasca or Kama- 

raska, in St. Lawrence River, 

75. n- 
Islets des Pelerins, in St. Law- 
rence River, 73, n. 

Jabuctaus. See Chebucto. 

Jacob, Indian captured on Goat 
Island, 15, n; with Pote plots 
to escape, 53; indisposed, 59; 
brutal treatment of, by squaws, 
59, 60; converses with Pote 
from under prison window, 
86. 

Jamaica, 79; Admiral Hosier 
sails for, 127, n. 

Jarmin, William, ensign, is 
brought from Bay Verte to 
prison at Quebec, 139. 

Jebuctaus. See Chebucto. 

Jedemweigt, river, 53, n. 

Jefferson, loi. 

Jemseg, 56, n ; 57, n. 

Johnston, William, prisoner, on 
board Comet, 163. 

Jones, John, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 92; at Louisburg, 92, n. 

Jones, Thomas, soldier, captured 



The Tote Journal 



at Contoocook, imprisoneu at moir of, 146, n; governor of 

Quebec, 90, 90, n; dies, 94, Cape Breton, 162. 
165. 

Jonquiere, Jacques Pierre de La Come, two officers named, at 

Taffanel, Marquis de la, as- Quebec, 141. 

sumes command of Duke d'An- Lacorne, Rev. Maurice, alias 

ville's fleet, 120; governor of Captain John Barthe, visits 



Canada, 120, n; his squadron 

from Brest, defeated, 142; 

captured by the English, 142. 

Jordan, James, captain of the 



prisoners at Quebec and re- 
counts loss of his sloop, 149, 
150; notice of, 149, n; his 
horse, 150. 



schooner Breeze, captured by La Corne, Pierre de Chapt, 
L'Aurore, ill in prison hospital chevalier de, 141, n; burns 



at Quebec, 116; dies, 116, 
1 16, n, 165. 

Kamouraska, 71, n. 
Keene, N. H. See Upper 
Ashuelot. 



Beaubassin, 50, n; visits pris- 
oners at Quebec, 141. 
La Corne St. Luc, Luc de Chapt 
de, his detachment commits 
depredations at Saratoga, 143, 
143) n. 

Kincaid, James, imprisoned at La Croix. See Le Croix. 
Quebec, 85; sketch of, 85, n. L'Aimable Marthe, schooner, 
Kinlade, James. See Kincaid. Sieur Simonin, captain, cap- 



Kittery, Maine, xxx. 

Knap, James, of Falmouth, 169; 

170. 
Knap, Mary, of Falmouth, 169; 

170. 



tures the sloop Tertola, 132, 
132, n. 

La Jeune Lorrette, Huron settle- 
ment, 14, n; 79, n. 

Lake Champlain, 96, n. 



Knight, William, his two sons Lake Freneuse, 57, n. See also 

captured at Casco Bay, brought Grand Lake. 

into prison at Quebec, 132, Lake Temiscouata, described, 

132, n; his capture, 132, n. 69, n. 

Knowles, Sir Charles, xxxvi ; La Legere, a corvette, Cap- 

150; 163; Charlestown, N. tain Guillimin, commander, 

H., named in honor of, 87, wrecked off Sable Island, 104, 

n; writes to Marquis de 104, n. 

Beauharnois on exchange of La Loutre. See Le Loutre. 

prisoners, 146, 146, n; me- Lambert, William, master of 

199 



The Tote Journal 



bilander Albany, 159; im- 
prisoned at Quebec, 96. 

Lancashire, England, 108, n. 

Landry, Peter, spy from Minas, 
10, n. 

Languedoc, province in France, 
176. 



into harbor of Chebucto, 98, 

n, 99. 
Le Croix, M., French prisoner at 

Boston, brings letters to Pote 

at Quebec, 133 ; visits prison 

at Qiiebec, 134. 
Leeward Islands, 151, n. 



Larey, Daniel, prisoner at Qiie- Le Fevre, JVl., commander of 
bee, confined in dungeon, 127; brigantine Le Saint Esprit, 



his miseries there, 129; deserts 

to French, 152. 
Larmon, John. See Lermond. 
Larregni, Captain, commander 

of packet La Vierge-de-Grace, 

153, n. 
La Tour, family of, claimants of 

Nova Scotia, xxiv, 
Laurain. See Lorain. 
L'Aurore, French ship, 105; 

116; takes English prizes, 96, 

96, n, 97, 97, n; piloted into 



154; 161; 162; his subtilty, 
159, 160. 

LeLoutre, Louis Joseph de, mis- 
sionary to Micmacs, leads ex- 
pedition against Fort Annapolis 
Royal, xxiv, 2, n ; his attack 
repelled by Mascarene, 177. 

Le Mars, French man-of-war, 
commanded by M. Colombe, 
captured by Admiral Warren, 
143, 143, n; captures North- 
umberland, 143. 



harbor of Chebucto, 98, n, 99. Lenox Library, the manuscript 
La Vierge-de-Grace, packet, Cap- Morris map in, xvi. 
tain Larregni, commander, Lermond, John, captured at Da- 
bears prisoners and flag of truce mariscotta, imprisoned at Que- 
to Boston, 153, 153, n. bee, 129, 129, n, 130. 
Lawrence, Charles, major, erects Le Saint Esprit, brigantine, M. 
Fort Lawrence, 50, n, Le Fevre, commander, bears 
Lazere, Long, visits prisoners at prisoners and flag of truce to 



Quebec, 87. 

Lebanon, Conn., 131, n. 

Le Blanc, Joseph, informs con- 
cerning plunder at Minas, 4, n. 

Le Castor, French ship, 130; 
takes English prizes, 96, 96, 



Louisburg, 154, 154, n. 
Le Soleil Levant, brigantine. 

General de Ramezay arrives at 

Quebec in, 139, n. 
Liberte. See Fort, alias Liberte, 

Jean. 



"i 97) 97) 1 ! Duvignan sails Liddle, Leonard. See Lydle. 
for France in, 97, n ; piloted Liddle, Sarah. See Lydle. 



The Tote Journal 



Lincoln County, Maine, ii8, n. 

Lingan, Samuel, brother-in-law 
to Capt. Chapman, ill in captiv- 
ity at Quebec, 135; delirious, 
136. 

Lisbon, 97. 

Lithgow, Sarah. See Noble. 

Lithgow, William, colonel, mar- 
ries daughter of Col. Arthur 
Noble, 121, n. 

Little Isles, in St. Lawrence 
River, 75, n. 

Liverpool, 79. 

London, England, xxxii; 80; 
146. 

Longfellow, Stephen, appraiser 
of Pete's estate, 171. 

Looshtook, the, Indian name for 
Saint Johns River, 50, n. 

Lorain, Josette, daughter of 
prison-keeper at Quebec, dies, 
108; her burial, 109. 

Lorain, M.,prison-keeperat Que- 
bec, 109; 127; his New Year's 
gift to prisoners, 107 ; his 
daughter dies, 108; Pote an- 
gers him, no; employs pris- 
oners, 1 1 1 ; a magazine erected 
for, 126; informs Pote of re- 
lease of prisoners, 148, 151. 

Loren, Matthew. See Loring. 

Loring, Matthew, dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 144, 144, n, 
166. 

Lorrette. See La Jeune Lorrette. 

Louisburg, xii ; xiii; xxv; xxvii; 
xxxiii, n ; li, n; 12; 19; 34; 
26 201 



38; 40; 46; 71, n; 80; 90, 
n; 92; 92, n ; 96; 97; 102, 
n; 112, n; 116; 130; 139,11; 
145, n; 146; 146, n; 154; 
162; 172; 173; 174; anniver- 
sary of its surrender, xviii; 
declaration of war received at, 
xxiii; garrison of Canso taken 
to,xxiii; importanceof, xxviii; 
described, xxviii, xxix; his- 
tory of expedition against, 
xxix-xxxv; rosters of officers 
and men in siege of, xxix, n; 
opinion of James Alexander 
on expedition against, x.xx ; 
discontent among soldiers at, 
xxxiii; capitulates, xxxiv; Ma- 
rin's army to reinforce French 
garrison at, xxvii, 28, 29, n; 
preparations for voyage to, 29, 
37,38,40; messenger to Marin 
from, arrives at Tatmagouche, 
37 ; English success at, with- 
held from Indians at Tatma- 
gouche, 37; true condition of, 
as overheard by Pote, 39 ; 
further preparations of Marin 
for voyage to, 46, 47 ; In- 
dians object to proceed to, 
47; Marin, Jr. sent to Quebec 
to tell of the capture of, 72, 
74; rumor of French fleet off, 
83; soldiers from, captured 
on St. John's Island, 93, 94; 
Warren at, 119, n; Col. Ar- 
thur Noble at, 121, n; pris- 
oners at Quebec celebrate cap- 



The Tote Journal 



ture of, 140; flag of truce fitted McClocklin, Thomas, and wife, 
out at Qiiebec for, 147, 150, prisoners at Qiiebec, desert to 



152; prisoners transported to, 
163; Bastide's services at, 173; 
manuscript plans of, 173; Col. 
John Gorham at, 175. 

Loutre. See Le Loutre. 

Lovet, Major, of Mendon, his 
son dies in captivity, 1 10, 
1 10, n. 

Lovet, Samuel, of Mendon, cap- 
tured at Fort Massachusetts, 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
110, no, n, 165. 

Lower Ashuelot, now Swanzey, 
N. H., prisoners taken at, 
91, n. 

Lydle, Leonard, 117, n; 128; 
marries widow of William 
Bryant in prison at Quebec, 
97, n, 103, 104; one of Capt. 
James Swindal's men, 97, n; 
in hospital at Quebec, 117; 
returned from hospital to pri- 
son, 118. 

Lydle, Sarah, widow of Wil- 
liam Bryant, 117, n; married 
to Leonard Lydle in prison at 
Qtiebec, 97, n, 103, 104; pe- 
tition of, to Beauharnois, 117; 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
128, 166. See also Bryant, 
Sarah. 

Mac Aune, John. See McNear. 
McCartees, Susanah. See Carter, 
alias Phillips. 



French, 152. 

McClur, John, and wife, pris- 
oners at Qiiebec, desert to 
French, 152. 

McDonell, John, prisoner at 
Quebec, deserts to French, 152. 

McGraw. See Megraw. 

McLellan family, 88, n. 

McMillion, Peter, prisoner at 
Quebec, deserts to French, 
152. 

McNear, Anne, 102, n. 

McNear, Betsy, 102, n. 

McNear, James, 102, n. 

McNear, Jane, 102, n. 

McNear, John, captain, cap- 
tured at Sheepscott, impris- 
oned at Quebec, 89, n, loi, 
104, 104, n ; sketch of, loi, 
n, 102, n ; married Mary 
Shirley, of Chester, N. H., 
102, n. 

McNear, Jr., John, captain, 
102, n. 

McNear, Joseph, 102, n. 

McNear, Margaret, 102, n. 

McNear, Mary (Shirley), wife 
of Captain John McNear, 
102, n. 

McNear, Nelly, 102, n. 

McNear, Sarah, 102, n. 

McNear, Thomas, 102, n. 

McNear family, 102, n. 

Madam L, in St. Lawrence 
River, 75, n. 



202 



The Tote Journal 



Madawaska River described, 
69, n. 
Madockawando, sachem of Pe- 

nobscots, 65, n. 
Madras, xxxvii. 

Maillard, Rev. Antoine Simon, 
missionary to Micmacs, 25, n. 
Maine, xi ; xxx; men contri- 
buted by, for Louisburg ex- 
pedition, xxix. 
Maisonforte, Marquis de la, 
commands Vigilant, xxxiv. 
Marblehead, 80, n; lOO, n; 
138; 169; 172; fishing schoo- 
ner from, captured, 98, n. 
Maricheets, the. See Micmacs. 
Marin, M., Heutenant, 5, n; 
71, n; 82; 87; 105; 114; 
his army besieges Fort An- 
napolis Royal, xxvi, 2, 177; 
numerical strength of besieg- 
ers, xxvi, 2, n ; captures two 
schooners, xxvi, 3-5 ; his letter 
toGov.Mascarene,6; examines 
Pote, 7 ; his officers secreted 
by neutral French, 9; neutral 
French examined concerning 
expedition under, 10, n ; his 
army marches to Minas, xxvii, 
16; advises neutral French, 
19; his army at Minas, 24; 
his army ordered to reinforce 
French garrison at Louisburg, 
xxvii, 29, n, 37 ; part of his 
army goes to Canada, 29, n ; 
receives letters from Masca- 
rene, 34 ; his officers deceive 



Indians concerning Louisburg, 
38 ; his army embarks at Tat- 
magouche for Louisburg, 40 ; 
some of his vessels stranded, 
40; his exploit with Dona- 
hew in Tatmagouche Harbor, 
xxvii, 41-46 ; holds a council 
with Indians, 46,47; his plan 
to evade English privateers, 
47; Beauharnois proposes ex- 
change of prisoners taken by, 
in Acadia, 80, n; prisoners 
captured at Saratoga by, arrive 
at Qiiebec, 86. 

Marin, Jr., M., son of Lieut. 
Marin, 71, n; 75; 104; his ac- 
count of capitulation of Louis- 
burg, 72 ; claims to have killed 
Donahew, 72, 174; converses 
with Pote, 74; sent by his 
father with dispatches to gov- 
ernor of Canada, 74; visits 
Pote at Quebec, 78 ; befriends 
Pote, 81; visits Pote, 124; ac- 
count of exchange of prisoners 
at Minas, 127; informs Pote 
of release of prisoners, 148. 
Marlborough, Middlesex Co., 

Mass., 103, n ; 148, n. 
Martin, Samuel, dies in captivity 
at Quebec, 131, 13I) "> 
166. 
Martin, William, admiral, in- 
flicts damage in France, 119, 
119, n. 
Martinico, 132; 132, n. 
Maryland, 80; 80, n; 130. 

:o3 



The Tote Journal 



Mascarene, Elizabeth. See Massachusetts, frigate, 65, n. 

Perry. Maurepas, Jean Frederic Phelip- 

Mascarene, Jean, Huguenot ref- peaux, Comte de, letter to, 

ugee, 176. I, n. 

Mascarene, John, comptroller of Medicine, M., visits prisoners at 

customs of Boston, 177; mar- Quebec, 82. 



ries Margaret Holyoke, 177. 
Mascarene, John Paul, lieut.- 
governor at Annapolis Royal, 
xxvi; 8; Duvivier proposes 
capitulation to, xxv; seeks to 



Medoctec, Indian village, 60, n; 
61 ; 66; squaws abuse captive 
Indian at, 62, 63; location, 63, 
n; squaws at, dance around 
Pote, 64. 



liberate a prisoner from among Megraw, James, dies in captiv- 

French,2,n; letter with terms ity at Quebec, 166. 

of capitulation sent to, 6; treats Mendon, Mass., no, n. 

it with disdain, 7; captures Merrill, Sarah, married to 

traitorous neutral French, 9, Thomas Pote, 173. 

9, n; French and Indians Messagouche, Indian name for 

boast concerning, 17; letters Beaubassin, 49, n. 

from, to Marin, 34; sketch of, Mexico, xxi. 

176, 177; aids in negotiating Micmacs, the, xxiv; 24, n; con- 

Dummer's Treaty, 176; com- duct of squaws at Minas, 25; 



missioned major general, 177; 

his family, 177, 
Mascarene, Margaret. See 

Holyoke. 
Mascarene, Margaret. See Sala- 

vay. 
Mascarene family, account of, 

177 ; arms of, 177. 
Massachusetts Bay, xxviii; xxxi; 

70; 87, n; 92, n; 104; 138, 

n; 151, n; 174; 175; 176; 



manners and customs of, 25, 
n ; at Tatmagouche, 40 ; de- 
tachment of, take prisoners 
on St. John's Island, 93, n. 
See also Cape Sable Indians. 

Middleborough, James, prisoner 
at Qi_iebec, deserts to French, 
152. 

Middlesex Co., Conn., 95, n. 

Middlesex Co., Mass., 103, n. 

Miles, John, wounded near Fort 
Massachusetts, 96, n. 



aroused by French invasion, 
xxvii; legislature decides upon Mi II edge family, 7, n. 
expedition against Louisburg, Miller's River, 115, n. 
xxix; repair and construction Minas, xxv; xxvii; 10, n; 15; 
of forts in, 173. 19; 20; 140; 141; 145; 175; 

204 



The Tote Journal 



plunder purchased by inhabi- Montague, schooner, William 
tants of, 4, n; spies from, Pote, Jr., master, 3, n; 59; 63; 



9; described, 9, n; Marin's 
army marches to, 16 ; road 
from, to Annapolis Royal, 18, 
n, 32, n; army arrives at, 24; 
greatest district of neutral 
French, 24, n; distance be- 
tween, and Cobequid, 32, 34; 
French account of surprise at, 
113; hostages at, 113; Capt. 
Williamson's account of sur- 
prise at, 121, 122, 132; ac- 
count of prisoners left at, 127 ; 



captured by French and Indians 
and plundered, xxvi, 3-5 ; 
carries artificers to Annapolis 
Royal, xii, 6, n; Marin and 
others transported on, 32, 33; 
used as transport, 50, 51; at 
Ocpack (Apoge) on St. Johns 
River, 57. 

Montesson. See Croisille de 
Montesson. 

Montgomery, John, governor of 
New York, 100, n. 



prisoners from, brought from Montreal, 86; 112; 130, n; 
Bay Verte to Quebec, 139; pris- 145; 156; Indians bring scalps 



oners from, detained at Que- 
bec, 148 ; French captain's 
version of surprise at, 153. 

Minas Basin, 9, n; 32, n; 132 ; 
habitations on, 18, n; marshes 
on, called Grand Pre, 24, n. 

Mira Bay, 161; 161, n. 

Mira River, 161, n. 

Misiquas, the, river in Nova 
Scotia, 49, n. 

Moffat, Robert, captured at 



to, 100, n; prisoners from, 
brought to Qiiebec, loi. III; 
distance of, from Quebec, loi ; 
incursions by Mohawks near, 
103, 103, n, 112 ; two pris- 
oners escape from, in; sev- 
eral Dutchmen and Mohawks 
captured near, 138; they ar- 
rive at Quebec, 140. 
Moody, Enoch, appraiser of 
Pote's estate, 171. 



Lower Ashuelot, imprisoned Moore, George Henry, his esti- 
at Qiiebec, 91, 91, n. mate of New Hampshire men 
Mohawks, the, incursions of, at siege of Louisburg, xxix, n. 
near Montreal, 103, 103, n, Moore, Hugh, 172. 
112, 138; rumor of incursion Moore, Samuel, Colonel, corn- 
by, 134; several captured near mands New Hampshire forces 



Montreal, 138; arrive at Que- 
bec, 140. 

Montague, Lord, his regiment 
in garrison at Portsmouth, 176. 



at siege of Louisburg, 90, n. 
Morepang, Captain, defeated 

before Louisburg, xxxi. 
Morris, Charles, surveyor-gen- 



The Tote Journal 



eral of Nova Scotia, 71, n; his their condition after Treaty 
map in the Lenox Library, xvi ; of Utrecht, xxii; joyous over 



inaccuracy in his map, 53, n. 

Morris, George, master of sloop 
Tertola, captured by schooner 
L'Aimable Marthe, 132, 132, 
n; sent to Martinico, 132. 

Morrise, French neutral at Bay 
Verte, promises to ransom Pote, 
49; his brother at Beaubassin, 
49. 

Moses, the Law-giver, 14, n. 



French success, 18, 27; body 
of, reinforce Marin's army, 
19; advised by Marin, 19; 
John Prejon, one of, visits 
Pote, 21 ; give false alarm, 
21, 22; several propose to 
ransom Pote but fail, 22 ; 
Minas greatest district of, 24, 
n; purchase freedom of sev- 
eral prisoners, 30; reception 



Moulton, Jeremiah, colonel of of Marin and army at Cobe- 
3d Massachusetts Regiment at quid by, 34; at Beaubassin, 



50 ; fear English, 51 ; English 
attempt to enforce neutrality 
among those at Minas, 113, 
121. 
Newark, N. J., Samuel Hunting- 
ton settles at, 130, n. 
Nantuci<et, whaling-sloop from, Newburyport, Mass., 105; 109, 

captured, 98, n. n; 122, n; 174. 

Nason, William, captured at New Casco, Indian incursion at, 
Minas, dies in captivity at 98. 



Louisburg, 92, n. 
Mullalley, William, prisoner at 
Qiiebec, deserts to French, 152. 

Nantaskett, 117, n. 

Nantes, edict of, revoked, 176. 



Qiiebec, 141, 141, n, 166. 

Natiskotek, island, 161, n. 

Naxoat, on St. Johns River, loca- 
tion of, 57, n. 

Neutral French, 3 ; 10, n ; 30; 
32: 47; population of, in 1721, 
xxii; assist French against An- 
napolis Royal, xxiv, xxvi ; give 
intelligence to French and 
Indians from Canada, 2; pro- 
posals to release, 8 ; aid and 



Newcastle, Thomas Pelham 
Holies, Duke of, xxxiii, n ; 
XXXV ; xxxvi. 

Newcastle, Maine, xxxi; loi, n. 

NewEngland, xiv; xxiii ; xxviii ; 
36; iii,n; 116; 116, n; 117, 
n; 118, n; 122; 130; 130, n; 
133; 134; 145; 145, n; 176; 
177; incursions in, XXXV ; arti- 
ficers from, repair Fort Anna- 
polis Royal, 6, n; emigrants 



harbor French spies, 9; several from, settle at Minas, 9, n; men 

traitors among, captured, 9; raised in, for expedition against 

206 



The Tote Jotinml 



Canada, 86, n ; prisoners cap- Noble, Sarah, married to Col 
tured by Indians in, 91, loi, William Lithgow, 121, n. 
Ill; Duke d'Anville expected Noble family, 121, n. 



to reduce, 120. 
Newfoundland, 92; 97; 102; 

176. 
New France, fall of, xxxvii; 

108. 



Norman, one, captured on St. 
John's Island, 102, n. 

North America, xiv; xv; English 
titles to, disputed, xxi ; objects 
of war of 1744-48 in, xxiii. 



New Gloucester, Maine, Shakers North Cape, 161. 

of, 173. North field, 115, n; depredation 

New Hampshire, xxix; xxxi; at, 91, 91, n. 

xxxii ; 176; regiment of, at Northumberland, English man- 

Louisburg, xxix, 90, n ; de- of-war, captured by French 



predation by Indians in, 93, 
93, n; chief engineer of, 173. 

New Hopkinton, 107, n; 133, 
n; account of Indian incursion 
at, 89, n, 90, n. 

New Jersey, 112, n. 

New Norwich, Conn. See 
Norwich. 

New York, 93, n; 108; 119; 
165; share of, in Louisburg 
expedition, xxix; French en- 
croachments in, 100, n. 

Nicholson, Francis, colonel, re- 
duces Port Royal, 176. 

Noble, Arthur, colonel, 140; 
173; surprised and killed at 
Minas, 121 ; sketch of, 121, n; 
letters of, 121, n. 

Noble, Jr., Arthur, son of Col. 
Arthur Noble, 121, n. 



ship Le Mars, 143. 

Norton, Rev. John, his "Re- 
deemed Captive," xiii, 15, n, 
94, n, 134, n ; chaplain of 
Fort Massachusetts, 94, n ; in 
prison at Quebec, 95 ; sketch 
of, 95, n ; his letter on capitu- 
lation, 93, n ; marries Sarah 
Bryant to Leonard Lydle in 
prison at Qiiebec, 97, n, 104; 
a writing on Catholicism sub- 
mitted to, 109 ; baptizes Cap- 
tivity Smeed, 115, n; ill at 
Qiiebec, 134, 134, n; delirious, 
136 ; strange union in pres- 
ence of, 147. 

Norwich, the, man-of-war, 163; 
prisoners transported on, 163. 

Norwich, Conn., 130; 131 ; 
first malechildborn in, 131, n. 



Noble, Francis, killed in sur- Norwich, England, 130, n. 

prise at Minas, 121, n, Norwood, Daniel or William, 

Noble, James, marries sister of corporal, captured by Indians 

Col. William Vaughan, 121, n. on St. John's Island, 93, n; 
207 



The Tote Journal 



dies in captivity at Quebec, 
146, 146, n, 166. 
Nova Scotia, xiii; xxiii; xxv; 

49. n; 99. "; 153. n; 176; 

ceded by France to Great 
Britain, xxi; disputes over 
limits of,xxi; garrisoned, xxii; 
Frencii seel< the acquisition of, 
xxiv; menaced by Louisburg, 
xxviii ; climate of, 5, n ; Wil- 
liam Winniett, member of 
Council of, 7, n; chief engineer 
of, 173; Gorham's Independent 
Company of Rangers in, 175; 
Phillips, governor of, 176; 
Mascarene acting governor of, 
177. See also Acadia. 

Number Two. See Great Mead- 
ows Fort. 

Number Four, now Charles- 
town, N. H., prisoners cap- 
tured at, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 87; account of, 87, n. 

Ocpack, Indian village, 57; 59; 
probable location and various 
spellings in maps, 57, n. 

Orleans. See Island of Orleans. 

Oswego, 151, n. 

Quelle, the, river in Kamou- 
raska, 71, n. 

Ouette. See Quelle. 

Owen, James, of Brookfield, 
Mass., killed by Indians on St. 
John's Island, 93, n. 



Parain, Peter, lad, prisoner at 
Quebec, removed to hospital. 



134, 134, n; returned, 143; 
brings news to prisoners, 143. 

Paris, treaty of, xxi. 

Parker, Isaac, captured at Num- 
ber Four and imprisoned at 
Qiiebec, 87, 87, n, 88, 88, n. 

Parker, James, of Springfield, 
v/ounded near Bridgman's 
Fort, Q2, n. 

Patience I., in St. Lawrence 
River, 75, n. 

Pattison, John, dies in captivity 
at Quebec, 153, 166. 

Paul, Cape Sable Indian, con- 
verses with Pote, 24. 

Paurtois, Joseph. See Portois. 

Pean, Hugues, son of town 
major of Quebec, 150, n. 

Pean, Madame, Pote translates 
French letter for, 150; notice 
of, I 50, n ; expects to sail to 
France, 151. 

Pemaquid, incursion by Indians 
3t, 137, 137, n; two prisoners 
from, arrive at Quebec, 137. 

Pennsylvania, share of, in Louis- 
burg expedition, xxix; soldier 
from, dies in Quebec, 116, n. 

Penobscot, 35; 65; 65, n. 

Penobscot River, Maine, 67, n. 

Penobscots, Indians, in French 
arm.y, 35, 66; sachem of, 65, 
n; war declared against, 66, n. 

Penus Mills, 32, n. 

Pepperrell, Sir William, lieu- 
tenant-general, xviii ; xxxiv; 
commander at siege of Louis- 



208 



The Tote Journal 



burg, XXX; influence of White- 
field upon, XXX ; knighted, 
XXXV, 175. 

Pereaux, river in Nova Scotia, 
inhabitants on, 32, n. 

Peri<ins, James, marries daugh- 
ter of John Paul Mascarene, 
177. 

Perl<ins, Thomas, marries 



ship into Chebucto, 99 ; sails 
from Quebec for West Indies, 
100; one of his men too sick 
to go, 100. 

Phillips, Richard, governor of 
Nova Scotia, 176; his regi- 
ment, xxii. 

Phillips, Susanah. See Carter. 

Phipps, William, 84, n. 



daughter of John Paul Masca- Pickering, captain, of Piscatta- 



rene, 177. 

Perkins family, 177. 

Perry, Elizabeth, married to 
John Paul Mascarene, 177. 

Perry, John, captured at Fort 
Massachusetts, his wife dies, 
107. 

Perry, Rebecah, captured at 
Fort Massachusetts, dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 107, 107, n, 
108, n, 165. 

Petitcodiac River, 50, n ; 53 ; 
55; 56; 176; variously spelled 
in maps, 53, n; carrying place 
between, and River Jedem- 
weigt, 56, n. 



way, N. H., killed and brutally 

treated at Minas, 139. 
Picket, steward to Capt. David 

Donahew, arrives at Boston, 

174; his account of Donahew's 

death, 174. 
Pike, John, owner of schooner 

Bress, imprisoned at Qiiebec, 

97- 

Pinkham, Zephaniah, captain, 
in prison at Quebec, 98 ; mas- 
ter of whaling-sloop captured 
near Chebucto, 98, n; pilots 
French ship into Chebucto, 99; 
sails from Quebec for West In- 
dies, 100. 

Piscataqua Rivir, xxx; xxxi. 



Petitpas. See Petts. 

Petit Riviere, on Cobequid Ba- Piscataquis Co., Maine, 67, n. 

sin, inhabitants at, 32, n. Piscattaway, N. H., 139. 

Petts ?, Captain, commander of Pitman, John, of Marblehead, 

Norwich, 163, 163, n. one of Captain John Phillips's 

Philadelphia, 88, n; 97; 102, n; men, too sick to sail for West 

112, n; 132. Indies, 100, loo, n; dies in 

Phillips, John, captain, 138; in captivity at Quebec, 138. 
prison at Qiiebec, 98; master of Placentia, Newfoundland, gar- 
fishing schooner captured near risoned, 176. 
Chebucto, 98, n; pilots French Plaffer, Lawrence. See Platter. 



27 



209 



The Tote Journal 



Platter, Lawrence, captured at 

Saratoga, dies at Quebec, 87, 

87, n, 165. 
Pleasant Point, near George's 

Fort, Maine, 90, n. 
Plunder, inhabitants of Minas 

purchase, 4, n; Indians sell, at 

Minas, 28. 
Plymouth, England, 82; Ad- 

miraj Hosier sails from, 

27, n. 
Plymouth, NewEngland,i 18, n. 
Point Conomee, inhabitants at, 

33. n- 

Pontbriant, Henri Marie du 
Breil de, bishop of Quebec, 
visits prisoners at Qiiebec, 130; 
sketch of, 130, n. 

Portland, Maine, 89, n. 

Porto Bello, expedition to, under 
Admiral Hosier, 127, 127, n, 
128. 

Portois, Joseph, brings advices 
to prisoners at Quebec, 126, 
127; a prisoner v/ith, 133; 
assures prisoners of their lib- 
eration, 147, 150, 151. 

Port Royal (Annapolis Royal), 
reduced, 176. 

Portsmouth, England, 128, n; 
134; 176. 

Portsmouth, N. H., 93, n 

Pote, Ann. See Hooper. 

Pote, Ann, 169; account of, 
170; married to William Buck- 
man, 170. 

Pote, Dorothy. See Gatchell. 



Pote, Elisha, 169; account of, 

Pote, Elizabeth. See Berry. 
Pote, Gamaliel, 169; account of, 

172; marries Mary Irish, 172. 
Pote, Greenfield, 169; account 

of, 173; marries Jane Grant, 

173- 
Pote, Hannah. See Greenfield. 
Pote, Increase, 169; account of, 

^73- 
Pote, Jane. See Grant. 
Pote, Jeremiah, 169; accountof, 

172; marries Elizabeth Berry, 

172. 
Pote, Mary. See Irish. 
Pote, Samuel, 169; account of, 

173- 
Pote, Sarah. See Merrill. 
Pote, Thomas, 169; account of, 

173; marries Sarah Merrill, 

'73- 

Pote, William, captain, grand- 
father of author, 169. 

Pote, Sr., William, captain, 
father of the author, 100, 100, 
n; his letter to author, 133; 
account of, 169, 170; pur- 
chases land in Falmouth, 
Maine, 169, 170; his children, 
170-173. 

Pote, Jr., William, captain, 
master of schooner Montague, 
xi; xii; xiii; xiv; xv; xvi; xxvi ; 
4,n;7i,n; 169; sent from Bos- 
ton to Annapolis Royal, I ; neu- 
tral French inform against, i ; 



The Tote Journal 



account of his capture, 3-5; his 
mate, 3, n ; conveyed to guard 
house, 5; examined by Marin 
concerning letters sent from 
Boston, 7 ; his companions in 
captivity, 8, n ; visited by 
William Winniett, 8; writes 
to Bastide, 10, 1 1 ; receives re- 
ply, 1 1 ; receives second visit 
from Winniett, 12; deceived 
by Winniett, 13 ; removed to 
barn, 13 ; narrow escape from 
death, 14 ; taken to camp of 
Hurons, 14; converses in 
French with Hurons, 15 ; 
marches with army to Minas, 
16; meets acquaintances 
among neutral French, 17; 
stops at French house, 18; 
crosses Annapolis River, 18; 
interrogated concerning expe- 
dition against Louisburg, 19; 
his subtile answers, 19; makes 
a spoon, 20; is visited by John 
Prejon, French neutral, 21 ; 
some neutral French seek to 
redeem him but fail, 22; con- 
verses with Cape Sable Indian 
named Paul, 24 ; arrives at 
Minas, 24; his experience 
among Micmac squaws at 
Minas, 25, a6; Vincent, cap- 
tain of Hurons, converses with, 
26; removed to goal, 27; vis- 
ited by neutral French, 28; has 
two Indian masters, 28; is vis- 
ited by Joseph Gautier (Gau- 



tez), 28 ; compelled to attend 
mass, 29; his behavior and ex- 
pulsion, 29; Indians suspicious 
of, 30; another unsuccessful 
attempt to redeem him, 31; 
embarks for Cobequid, 32, 33; 
Gautier promises to redeem 
him, 33 ; at Cobequid, 34; 
arrives at some French houses, 
35 ; converses with a French- 
man from Penobscot, 35; ar- 
rives at Tatmagouche, 37; his 
remarks concerningLouisburg, 
38; byeavesdropping he learns 
true condition of Louisburg, 
39; embarks with others at 
Tatmagouche, 40; his account 
of Donahew's exploit, 41-46; 
learns of intended voyage to 
Canada, 47; journeys to Bay 
Verte, 48 ; arrives at Bay 
Verte, 49 ; Morrise, French 
neutral, promises to ransom, 
49; sails from Beaubassin, 5 1 ; 
converses with Jacques Bo- 
maus, 51; treated with civility 
by Joseph Brosard, called Beau- 
soleil, 52 ; with Jacob, an In- 
dian, he plots to escape, 53 ; 
arrives at Petitcodiac river, 53 ; 
converses with priest, 54; In- 
dians constrain him to sing, 
55; arrives at St. Johns River, 
56 ; cruelly treated by squaws, 
57, 58, 60; narrow escape 
from death, 58, 59; protests 
against ill usage by Indians, 



The Tote Journal 



6i ; at Medoctec, 61-66; 
squaws, at Medoctec, dance 
around him, 64 ; reads treaty 
for Indian chief, 65 ; converses 
with, and is warned against 
St. Castine, 65, 66; quarrels 
with his Indian master, 68; 
his opinion concerning escape 
of John Read and Caleb, 70, 
71; at the Trois Pistoles, 
71; Marin, Jr., tells him of 
capture of Louisburg, 72 ; by 
cunning saves life of John 
Read, 72, j;^; commended by 
his Indian masters, 73; accom- 
panies Marin, Jr., to French 
house, and is treated with civil- 
ity, 74, 75 ; objects to being 
painted in Indian fashion, 76; 
his arrival and mishaps at 
Quebec, yj, 78; is taken to a 
casern, 79; informs English 
prisoners at Quebec of cap- 
ture of Louisburg, 80; in 
prison at Quebec, 80 ; be- 
friended by Marin, Jr., 81 ; con- 
verses with Jacob, an Indian, 
from prison window, 86; has 
hopes of sailing for France or 
West Indies, 99 ; sends letters 
to Bastide, and to his father, 
100; disappointed in not be- 
ing taken to France, loi ; he 
and his companions send 
Christmas greetings to inten- 
dant, 106, 107; angers prison 
keeper, no; thankful for good 

21 



health, no; is promised fa- 
vors, n4, ns; writes peti- 
tion for fellow prisoner, iij ', 
examined concerning burning 
of prison at Quebec, 123, 124; 
is visited by Marin, Jr., 124; 
his opinion of Marin's account 
of exchange of prisoners at 
Minas, 127; receives letters 
from his father and others, 133; 
learns of death of two of his 
brothers, 133; receives money 
from Col. Gorham, 134; his 
conversation with commissary 
at Quebec, 148 ; some of his 
guns retaken by English, 150; 
translates French letter for 
Madame Pean, 150, 151; his 
ingenious plan for safe convey- 
ance of his Journal, 154; em- 
barks with others for Louis- 
burg, 154; his observations 
on town of Quebec, 154-158; 
sails from Quebec, 158; on 
board Comet, 163; arrives at 
Louisburg, 163, 164; meets 
Bastide, 164; closes his "Jour- 
nal," 164; granted letter 
of administration on his fa- 
ther's estate, 170; sketch of, 
171, 172. 

Pote family, xviii ; 169-173. 

Pote house, description of, 170; 
demolished, 170. 

Pote Journal, xxvii ; account of 
the, xi-xix. 

Pratt, Amos, captured at Fort 



The Tote Journal 



Massachusetts, dies in captiv- 
ity at Quebec, 117, 117, n, 
166. 

Prejon, John, French neutral, 
visits Pote, 21. 

Presumscot Lower Falls, 89, n. 

Pretender, the, xxiii ; reported 
to have disappeared from Scot- 
land, 119. 

Price, James, lad captured at 
Saratoga, sent to live with 
priest, 112. 

Prince, Isaac, captured with 
Pote by French and Indians, 
4, n ; redeemed from captiv- 
ity, 5, n, 30; visits Pote, 31. 

Prince Edward's Island. See 
St. John's Island. 

Prindle, William. SeePringle, 
John. 

Pringle, John, also called Wil- 
liam Prindle, captured by In- 
dians on St. John's Island, 93, 
n ; dies in captivity at Quebec, 
145, 145, n, 166. 

Prisoners, 81 ; mutual exchange 
of, xxxvi ; narrow escape from 
death of, 58, 59; interrogated 
concerning Canada, 75 ; their 
reception at Qiiebec, 77, 78; 
seven imprisoned at Quebec, 
82 ; given option to go to 
France or remain at Quebec, 
83, 84 ; their redemption de- 
layed, 84 ; captured at Sara- 
toga, 85 n, 86, 143, 143, n, 
144, 145, 146, 151, 152; at 
2 



Number Four, 87, 87, n, 118; 
at Gorhamtown, 88, 88, n; 
at Sheepscott,89 ; at New Hop- 
kinton, 89, 89, n; at Contoo- 
cook, 90, 90, n ; at George's 
Fort, 90, n, 91, 91, n; eight 
imprisoned at Quebec, 91 ; cap- 
tured at Rochester, N. H., 93, 
93, n ; on St. John's Island, 
93, 93, n, 94 ; at Fort Massa- 
chusetts, 94, 95 ; at Albany, 
95 ; by the Le Castor and 
L' Aurore, 96, 97, 97, n ; die 
of epidemic, 97, n ; census of, 
taken at Quebec, 97, 99 ; from 
Bay Verte, 98, 99 ; one cap- 
tured at New Casco, 98 ; two 
escape from prison at Quebec, 
99, 100; voyage of, to France, 
100; six from Montreal, im- 
prisoned at Quebec, loi ; dis- 
appointed in their hope of sail- 
ing for France, loi; theirfree- 
dom at Quebec curtailed, 103; 
several captured by Mohawks 
near Montreal, 103, 103, n ; 
send Christmas greetings to 
intendant at Quebec, 106, 
107 ; write petition from Que- 
bec to Gov. Shirley, 107; 
celebrate Christmas in prison 
at Quebec, 108; several con- 
verts to Catholicism at Que- 
bec, 109; twenty sick, carried 
to prison hospital at Quebec, 
109; great number ill at Que- 
bec, no, 116, 129; seven 



13 



77?^ Tote Journal 



from Montreal imprisoned at 
Qiiebec, iii, in, n; some 
captured by Mohawks near 
Montreal, 112; number at 
Quebec, 112, 113; two cap- 
tured at Albany, 114; condi- 
tion of those at Quebec, after 
burning of prison, 122-126; 
petition for better quarters, 
126; reply to petition of, 126; 
account of those left at Minas, 
127; frame house built for, 
131, 134; several imprisonedat 
Quebec, 132 ; Mohawks said 
to have captured one hundred, 
134; petition for release, 135; 
women at Quebec quarrel, 135, 
136; promised to sail for Bos- 
ton, 137, 138; from Bay Verte, 
expected at Quebec, 137; arrive 
at Quebec, 137, 138, 139; at 
Quebec celebrate capture of 
Louisburg, 140; from Montreal 
arrive at Quebec, 140; Shirley 
and Knowles write to Marquis 
de Beauharnois concerning ex- 
change of, 146, 146, n ; to be 
sent to Boston and Louisburg, 
147 ; with Indians not ex- 
changed, 147, 148; embark 
from Quebec for Boston, 152, 
I53> 153? "; list of deaths in 
Quebec, 153, n; embark from 
Quebec for Louisburg, 154, 
154, n; sail, 158; transported 
on board Norwich, 163; on 
Comet to Louisburg, 163 ; 

21. 



arrive at Louisburg, 163; list 
of, who died in Quebec, 165, 
166 ; captured at Gut of Canso 
arrive at Quebec, 175. 
Putney, Vermont. See Great 
Meadows Fort. 

Qiiackinbush, one, returned 
to prison from hospital at Que- 
bec, no, no, n. 

Quackinbush, Isaac, no, n; 
dies in captivity at Quebec, 
135, 166. 

Quackinbush, Jacob, no, n; 
113; 114; dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 135 ; his wife ill, 
135 ; his brother-in-law dies 
in captivity at Quebec, 135, 
166; his wife's parents in 
prison at Qiiebec, 135. 

Quackinbush, Martha, captured 
at Saratoga, dies in captivity 
at Qiiebec, 106, 106, n, 165. 

Quackinbush, Rachel, daughter 
of Jacob Quackinbush, 135; 
visits parents in prison at Que- 
bec, iiT,, n4; remains in Can- 
ada, n3, n; escapes from In- 
dians, 145, 146; visits her 
mother in prison, 146, 149; 
her redemption sought, 149. 

Qiiackinbush family at Quebec, 

114, I35> 135' n- 
Quebec, xii; xiii; xxvii; 14; 74; 
76 ; 84, n ; 87 ; 88, n ; 89, n ; 
90, n; 92, n; 93, n; 102, n; 
106, n; 109; n8, n; 131, n; 



The Tote Journal 



133) n; i34> "; 144. n; 160; 

161; Huron village near, 14, n; 
most common route between, 
and Beaubassin, 50, n; Marin, 
Jr., arrives at, 71, n ; In- 
dians and prisoners arrive at, 
7^> 77 ; prisoners at, 80, n ; 
false rumors of war received 
at, 82, 83; expedition against, 
85, 86, 88, 92; prisoners from 
Saratoga at, 85, n, 86, 86, n, 
118, 143, 143, n, 144, 145, 
146, 151, 152; prisoners cap- 
tured by Le Castor and L'Au- 
rore transported to, 97, n; 
marriage of Sarah Bryant in 
prison at, 97, n ; town major 
of, makes inventory of neces- 
saries for voyage of prisoners 
to France, 500; ships from, sail 
for France, loi; prison hospi- 
tal constructed at, 109, 109, n; 
many prisoners ill at, no, 
116, 129; number of prisoners 
at, 112, 113, 144, 145; cli- 
mate in, 1 16 ; man-of-war at, 
117; fourprisonerssent to hos- 
pital at, 117, 118; account of 
burning of prison at, 122-125 ; 
guard house built at, 125; 
magazine erected at, 126; 
dungeon in, 129; Bishop Pont- 
briant visits prisoners at, 130; 
frame house built for pris- 
oners at, 131, 134; lad im- 
prisoned at, 134; women pris- 
oners quarrel at, 135, 136; 



army under De Ramezay ar- 
rives at, 139, 139, n; tent 
for prisoners built at, 141 ; 
some of Duke d' Anville's 
fleet arrive at, 141, 143; Swiss 
guard at, 144; eight hundred 
militia march out of, 150; town 
major of, 150, n; prisoners 
embark from, for Boston, 152, 
153; list of prisoners who died 
in, 153, n; prisoners embark 
from, for Louisburg, 154, 154, 
n; Pote's general observations 
on town and surroundings of, 
154-158; contemporary de- 
scriptions of, 154, n; ships 
built at, 155; ammunition at, 
157; prisonerssail from, 158; 
prisoners from Gut of Canso 
arrive at, 175. 

Quebecet. See Cobequid. 

Qiieen Anne's War, prisoners 
during, 37, 105. 

Rackleff, Chandler, captain, pur- 
chases Pote farm, 170. 

Rackleff, George, 170, resident 
on site of Pote farm, 170. 

Ramezay, Jean Baptiste Nicholas 
Roch de, general, sends de- 
tachment under Croisille de 
Montesson, 93, n ; surprises 
English at Minas, 121, 122 ; 
arrives with army at Quebec, 

I39> I39> '!• 
Ray, Patrick, wounded near 
Bridgman's Fort, 92, n. 



215 



The Tote Journal 



Raymond, Charles, spy from 
Minas, lo, n; outlawed, lo, n. 

Read, Jacob, 30, n ; loi ; his 
son prisoner among Hurons, 
15, n; captured at Gorham- 
town and imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 88, 88, n; dies at Quebec, 
99, 165. 

Read, John, 15, n ; 30; 30, n ; 
71; 73; captive among Hu- 
rons, 15; escapes, 70: retaken, 
72 ; his life saved through 
Pote's cunning, 72; dies in 
prison at Quebec, 100, loi, 165. 

Read family, 88, n. 

Resolution, sloop, Capt. David 
Donahew, commander, 174. 

Rhode Island, xxix; 97; 116. 

Rich, Jonathan, of schooner Sea- 
flower, 8, n; redeemed from 
captivity, 5, n, 30. 

Richards, John, captured at 
Rochester, N. H., imprisoned at 
Quebec, 93 ; accountof, 93, n. 

Richards, Joseph, killed by In- 
dians at Rochester, N. H., 

Rider, John, of Falmouth, 170. 

Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Pierre 
Franfois, besieges and cap- 
tures Fort Massachusetts, 95 ; 
sketches of, 95, n. 

Rinckhout, Margriet, See Fort, 
Margriet. 

Rioux, 71, n. 

Robbins, William, killed near 
Bridgman's Fort, 92, n. 



Roberts, David, captain, of Dart- 
mouth, England, 134; impris- 
oned at Quebec, 97; dies in 
captivity, 97, n, 136, 166; his 
apprentice dies, 107; very ill at 
Quebec, 135; delirious, 136; 
condition critical, 136; burial, 
136. 

Rochester, N. H., depredation 
by Indians of St. Francois at, 

93, 93 > n- 
Rott I., in St. Lawrence River, 

Rouse, John, captain, 108, 
n; 112; 118; three of his 
men prisoners at Quebec, 94; 
sketches' of, 94, n; his wife 
killed,94,n; deserter from, 141. 

Roxbury, Mass., xxxvi. 

Sable Island, La Legere, French 
ship, wrecked off, 104, 104, n. 

Saccarappe, Maine, 132. 

Saco, 165; Indian incursion at, 
106, 106, n. 

Saillies, M. de, commander of 
French vessel Le Castor, 96, n. 

Saint Castin, Bonus, of Penob- 
scot, converses with Pete, 65, 
66 ; probably descended from 
Baron Vincent Saint Castin, 
65, n. 

Saint Castin, Vincent de, baron, 
chief of the Penobscots, 65, n. 

St. Charles River, Canada, Hu- 
ron village situated on, 14, n. 

St. Franfois, Abenakis of, 84, n; 
i6 



The Tote Journal 



detain prisoners, 90, n; take 

prisoners at Rocliester, N. H., 

93, 93, n. 
St. Franfois, the Order of, 109. 
St. Gabriel, seigniory of, grant 

in, made to Hurons, 14, n. 
St. Georges, Maine. SeeGeorge's 

Fort. 
St. George's River, Maine, 65, n. 
St. John, city, falls near, 56, n. 
St. Johns, the, river in New 

Brunswick, 50; 51; 52; 53; 

53> "; 54; 55; 56; 59; 60; 
66; 67; 68; description of, 50, 
n; Indian villages on, 37, n; 
island in, 61 ; Grand Falls in, 
described, 67, n; a carrying 
place between, and the Quelle 
in Morris map, 71, n. 

St. John's Indians, 59; war de- 
clared against, 59, n. 

St. John's Island, now Prince 
Edward's, 94; 102; 102, n; 
108, n; 112; 118; 145; 146; 
146, n; Micmacs take pris- 
oners on, 93, 93, n. 

St. Lawrence River, 50, n ; 7 1 , n ; 
73; 74; 77; 78; loi; 116; 
141; 145; 155; 156; 161; 
names of some islands in, 75, 
n; English capture sloop in, 
150; its course, 154. 

St. Martins, town on Isle du 
Roy, captured by English, 
119. 

Saint Patrick's Day, celebrated 
by prisoners at Quebec, 114. 

28 2 



Salavy, Margaret de, married to 

Jean Mascarene, 176. 

Salter, Jonathan, commander of 
sloop Endeavour, 112; 135; 
144; 147; 148; imprisoned at 
Quebec, 97 ; his mate dies, 1 17. 

Sanders, Thomas, captain, at St. 
George's River, 65, n. 

Saratoga, now Schuylerville, 87; 
87, n; 103; 105, n; 106, n; 
108; 112; 135, n; Indian de- 
predations at, 85, n, 143, 143, 
n ; prisoners captured at, ar- 
rive at Quebec, 86, 86, n, 118, 

132, 143^ 143. n. I44> HS, 
146, 152; Lieut. Chew's ac- 
count of depredation at, 144 ; 
woman captured at, 151, 152. 

Sault St. Louis, Indians from, 
dispatched to Albany, 80, n. 

Saybrook, Conn., 130, n. 

Scaffield, Philip, imprisoned at 
Quebec, III, n; dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 116, 116, n, 
166. 

Scatarie Island, 162; 162, n. 

Schavolani, George. See Sive- 
lana. 

Schenectady, 103, n; 130, n; 

139. n- 
Schuylerville, New York. See 

Saratoga. 

Scoffil, Philip. See Scaffield. 

Scofield. See Scaffield. 

Sconce, Andrew, captured by 
Indians, dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 103, 103, n, 165. 

17 



The Tote Journal 



Scot, William, imprisoned at 

Qiiebec, 1 1 1, n. 
Scotch Fort, xii; xxvi ; i; its 
name and location in maps, i, 
n ; ambush of French and In- 
dians at, 2-5. 
Scotland, 88, n; Pretender in, 

119. 
Scott, Miriam, wife of Moses 
Scott, captured at Fort Massa- 
chusetts, dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 106, 165; account of, 
106, n. 
Scott, Moses, captured at Fort 
Massachusetts, in prison at 
Quebec, 106, 106, n; his in- 
fant son dies, no, no, n, 165. 
Scott, Jr., Moses, child, son of 
Moses and Miriam Scott, dies 
in captivity at Quebec, 106, n, 
no, no, n, 165. 
Scott, Rebecah. See Perry. 
Seaflower, schooner,JamesSuth- 
erland, commander, i; 30; 
80; captured by French and 
Indians and plundered, xxvi, 
3-5 ; prisoners transported on, 
32- 
Secconnectau. See Beaubassin. 
Sewell, Samuel, 172. 
Sheepscott, 103; 103, n; 104; 
nS; Indian incursions at, 85, 
85, n, loi, n, 102, 130; lads 
captured at, 89, 89, n, ioi,n. 
Sheffield, William P., strictures 
on his " Privateersmen of New- 
port," 174. 

2li 



Shenarack River. See Stew- 

iacke River. 
Shepard, Jacob, captured at Fort 
Massachusetts, imprisoned at 
Quebec, 98, 98, n; dies in 
captivity at Qiiebec, 136, 136, 
n, 166. 

Sherburne, 90, n. 

Shirley, Mary, of Chester, N.H. 
See McNear. 

Shirley, Elizabeth, married to 
Eliakim Hutchinson, 151, n. 

Shirley, Frances, first wife of 
Gov. William Shirley, 151, n. 

Shirley, Frances, married to 
William BoUan, 151, n. 

Shirley, Harriet, married to Rob- 
ert Temple, 151, n. 

Shirley, John, 151, n. 

Shirley, Judith, 151, n. 

Shirley, Maria Catherine, mar- 
ried to John Erving, 151, n. 

Shirley, Ralph, 151, n. 

Shirley, Thomas, governor of 
Leeward Islands, 151, n. 

Shirley, William, governor of 
Massachusetts Bay, xxxv; 52, 
n; 82; 150; 175; projector 
of siege against Louisburg, 
xxix; his opinion of troops, 
xxxiii; his partiality for mother 
country, xxxvi ; dies, xxxvi, n; 
Beauharnois proposes exchange 
of prisoners to, 80, n; Mayor 
Cuyler, of Albany, forwards 
proposals to, 83; receives let- 
ters from Qiiebec, 85 ; Hocquart 



The Tote Journal 



believes he is dead, 85; pris- 
oners at Quebec petition him 
for redemption, 91; message 
of, to Genera! Court, 103, n; 
another petition from prisoners 
to, 107; Warren sends dis- 
patches to, 1 19; writes to Mar- 
quis de Beauharnois on ex- 
change of prisoners, 146, 146, 
n; son of, at Quebec, 151 ; his 
family, 151, n; acknowledges 
Bastide's services at Louisburg, 
173; reconciles Indians of wes- 
tern Acadia, 177. 

Shirley, Jr., William, 151, n. 

Shirley family, 151, n. 

Shrewsbury, 117, n. 

Shubenacadie, river in Nova 
Scotia, inhabitants on, 33, n. 

Sidney, Cape Breton, 163, n. 

Simonin, Sieur, captain of 
schooner L'Aimable Marthe, 
captures sloop Tertola, 132, 
132, n. 

Simson, John, prisoner at Que- 
bec, his strange union with Su- 
sanah Boillison, 115, n, 147. 

Simson, Susanah. See Boilli- 
son, Susanah. 

Sivelana, George, of Corinth, 
Greece, arrives at prison in 
Quebec, 132; his versions con- 
cerning Duke d'Anville's fleet 
and surprise at Minas, 132. 

Skilling, Benjamin, of Fal- 
mouth, 170. 

Slade, Dr. D. D., article by, on 



site of Fort Massachusetts, 
95, n. 

Smeed, Captivity, child born in 
captivity after surrender of Fort 
Massachusetts, 95, ii5,n, 132; 
dies at Quebec, 95, n, 115, n, 
131. 

Smeed, Daniel, captured at Fort 
Massachusetts, dies in captivity 
at Quebec, 115, n, 129, 166. 

Smeed, John, 115; 116; 129; 
131; captured at Fort Massa- 
chusetts, 95, n; released from 
captivity, 115, n; killed by 
Indians, 115, n. 

Smeed, Jr., John, captured at 
Fort Massachusetts, dies in cap- 
tivity at Quebec, 115, n, 116, 
166. 

Smeed, Mary, wife of John 
Smeed, Sr., 129; 131; deliver- 
ed of child in captivity, 95, 95, 
n, 1 15, n; dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 115, 115, n, 166. 

Smeed family, captured at Fort 
Massachusetts, 115, n. 

Smith, John, imprisoned at 
Quebec, ill, n. 

Smith, Richard, imprisoned at 
Quebec, III, n. 

Society of Colonial Wars, cele- 
brates one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of surrender of 
Louisburg, xviii. 

South Hadley, 115, n. 

Spafford, John, captain, cap- 
tured at Number Four and im- 

;i9 



The Tote Journal 



prisoned at Quebec, 87, 87, n, 
88, 88, n; put in mess with 
Pote, 147. 

Spain, war between Great Brit- 
ain and, xxii. 

Spaniard's Bay, 163 ; 163, n. 

Spanisli River, 161 ; 162. 

Spey River. See Trois Pistoles. 

Springfield, 92, n. 

Stacy, Samuel, captured at Mi- 
nas, dies in captivity at Que- 
bec, 140, 140, n, 166. 

Stevens, Rev. Phinehas, his 
slave killed at Contoocook, 
90, n. 

Stewiacke River, in Nova Sco- 
tia, inhabitants on, 33, n. 

Stockman, Joseph, in captivity 
at Quebec, 147. 

Stoddert, Benjamin, lieutenant, 
procures exchange of prisoners 
detained at Quebec, 113, n. 

Stroudwater, Maine, 89, n; 170. 

Stubs, Richard, appraiser of 
Pote's estate, 171. 

Stubs, Richard, captured at 
New Casco, imprisoned at 
Quebec, 98, 98, n. 

Sunderland, 115, n; 166, n. 

Sunderland, John, imprisoned 
at Quebec, in, n. 

Suratt, Paul, detained at Fort 
Annapolis Royal, 10, n. 

Sutherland, James, commander 
of schooner Seaflower, xxvi ; 
i; 8, n; 30; 51, n; 99; 159; 
163 ; captured by French and 



Indians, 3-5 ; in prison at Que- 
bec, 80; befriended by Marin, 
Jr., 81. 

Swan, Captain, 174. 

Swanzey, N. H. See Lower 
Ashuelot. 

Swindal, James, captain, 97, n; 
104; 108; captured by L'Heu- 
reuse Marie, Sieur De Gay, 
commander, 79 ; his mate, 82 ; 
with his mate and others, sails 
from Quebec for France, 84. 

Tainter, Benjamin, of West- 
borough, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, III, n. 

Tainter, Simon, lieutenant, of 
Westborough, his son in pris- 
on at Quebec, in, n. 

Tartar, sloop, Capt. Daniel 
Fones, commander, 174. 

Tatmagouche, 36 ; 44; 45; va- 
rious spellings in maps, 35, n ; 
carrying place between Cobe- 
quid and, 35, n; army of 
French and Indians at, 37; 
Indians make canoes at, 37, 

38. 

Tatmagouche Harbor, Nova 
Scotia, Donahew's engage- 
ment in, xiv, xxvii, 29, n, 
41-46, 174. 

Taylor, John, bearer of flag of 
truce to Canada, 96, n. 

Temiscouata. See Lake Temis- 
couata. 

Temple, Robert, 151, n. 



The Tote Journal 



Tertola, sloop, George Morris, Two-heads I., in St. Lawrence 

master, captured by schooner River, 75, n. 

L'Aimable Marthe, Capt. Si- Upper Ashuelot, now Keene, 

monin, commander, 132, 132, N. H., 96, n. 

n ; prisoners transported to Utrecht, treaty of, xxi, xxii, 



Martinico on board, 132. 

Three Rivers. See Trois Ri- 
vieres. 

Ticonderoga, 35, n ; 96, n. 

Tobin, John, prisoner at Que- 
bec, deserts to French, 152. 

Tobique River, 67, n. 

Togmiguish. SeeTatmagouche. 

Toledo River, described, 69, 
n ; carrying place between, 
and Trois Pistoles, 70, n. 

Tonnancourt, M. de, a priest, 
112 ; 112, n. 

Topliff, Dr. A. P., 170. 

Trial, schooner, Joseph Denen, 
master, captured by French, 
118, 118, n. 

Trois Pistoles, the, river in 
New Brunswick, 71 ; J2''i 
75; 75> "; called also Spey 
River, 50, n ; carrying place 
between, and Toledo River, 

70, n; described, 71, n; falls 
in, 74. 

Trois Pistoles, seigniory of, 

71, n. 
Trois Pistoles, village, 71, n. 
Trois Rivieres, 112, n ; 145. 
Truro, Nova Scotia, site of Co- 

bequid parish, 33, n. 
Tuladi River. See Toledo 
River. 



10, n. 



See 



See 



Vader, Christian. See Vedder. 

Van Antwerpen, Rebecca. See 
Fort, Rebecca. 

Vanderverick, Geret, captured 
at Albany, dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 105, 105, n, 165; 
his parents and sister in prison 
at Quebec, 105. 

Vanderveriske, Gratis. 
Vanderverick, Geret. 

Vaudreuil, Chevalier de. 
Rigaud de Vaudreuil. 

Vaughan, Samuel, captured by 
Indians on St. John's Island, 
93, n; dies in captivity at 
Quebec, 118, 118, n, 166. 

Vaughan, William, colonel, 
xxxii; 121, n; his share in 
siege of Louisburg, xxix; takes 
Grand or Royal Battery, xxxii ; 
dies, xxxii. 

Vedder, Christian, dies in cap- 
tivity at Qiiebec, 130, 130, 
n, 166. 

Vera Cruz, 127, n. 

Vernon, Vermont, site of Bridg- 
man's Fort, 92, n. 

Vigilant, man-of-war, captured 
off Cape Breton, xxxiv, 143, 
143; "• 
221 



The Tote Journal 



Vila Noel, inhabitants at, 

32, n. 
Village Robere, inhabitants at, 

32, n. 

Ville Burke, inhabitants at, 

33. n- 

Villa Conde, inhabitants at, 

33. n- 

Ville Jean Burke, inhabitants 
at, 33, n. 

Ville Jean Domet (Doucet ?), 
inhabitants at, 33, n. 

Ville, Michael Oquin, inhabit- 
ants at, 33, n. 

Ville Perce Burke, inhabitants 
at, ZZ, n. 

Vincent, head captain among 
Hurons, 19; 62; 79; shelters 
prisoners under his care, 25, 
26; converses with Pote, 26. 

Wainwright, George. See 
Winwright. 

Wanton, Colonel, his regiment 
raised in New England for 
West Indies, 176. 

Warren, Sir Peter, rear-ad- 
miral, 119, n; 174; his fleet 
captures Vigilant, xxxiv; pro- 
moted, XXXV ; to sail from 
England with fleet against 
Canada, 119; at capture of 
Louisburg, xxxiv; captures 
French man-of-war Le Mars, 

143- 
Washedamoak River, 53, n. 
Wear, Joseph, mate of schooner 

22 



Montague, 4, n; 30; captured 
with Pote, 3-5; his wages, 
3, n; redeemed from captiv- 
ity, 5, n; Pote's partner in 
chains, 8; his liberty purchased 
by neutral French, 30. 

Welch, Benjamin, 172. 

Wendall, John, 172. 

Wentworth, Benning, gover- 
nor of New Hampshire, peti- 
tion to, 88, n. 

Wentworth, John, killed by In- 
dians at Rochester, N. H.,93, n. 

Westborough,Mass.,98, n; iii, 
n; 148, n. 

West Indies, 98, n; 99; 132; 
138; ships from Quebec sail 
for, 100; fleet under Marquis 
de la Jonquiere designed for, 
120; ships destined for, 142; 
troops raised in New England 
for, 176. 

Wheeler, Everett Pepperrell, his 
address at Louisburg Memorial 
celebration, xviii. 

Whitefield, Rev. George, his in- 
fluence upon Pepperrell and 
Louisburg expedition, xxx. 

Wigudi River, 50, n. See St. 
Johns. 

Williams, Robert, Englishman 
in captivity at Quebec, ill, 
128; dies in Quebec, 134, 
166. 

Williamson, Jonathan, captain, 
119, n; captured at Wiscasset, 
imprisoned at Quebec, 118; 



The Toie Journal 



sketch of, Ii8, n; situation of 
affairs explained by, 1 18-122; 
his account of massacre at 
Minas, 121, 122; his account 
confirmed, 132. 

Wilson, Robert, prisoner at 
Quebec, deserts to French, 152. 

Windham, 89, n. 

Winniett (Winnit), William, 
French neutral, 10; 11 ; inter- 
preter to Marin, 7; another of 
same name, 7, n; visits Pote, 
8 ; his second visit to Pote, 
12; his deception, 13. 

Winniett family, 7, n. 

Winwright, George, prisoner 
at Quebec, deserts to French, 
152. 

Wiscasset, Lincoln Co., Maine, 
118, n. 

Woods, Michael. See Dugan. 

Woodwell, Benjamin, 90, n; 
107, n. 

Woodv^ell, David, captured at 
New Hopkinton, imprisoned 
at Quebec, 89, 89. n, 90, n; 
his Vk'ife dies, 107, 107, n; 
endeavor to recover his daugh- 
ter from Indians, 128, 129. 



Woodwell, Mary, wife of David 
Woodwell, 90, n; dies in cap- 
tivity at Qiiebec, 107, 107, n, 
165. 

Woodwell, Mary, daughter of 
David Woodwell, 107, n; 
sketch of, 90, n; married to 
Jesse Corbett, 90, n; married 
again, to Jeremiah Fowler, 
90, n; captive among Indians, 
107; her father endeavors to 
speak with her, 128; and seeks 
to recover her, 128, 129. 

Woodwell, Thomas, 90, n; 
107, n. 

Woodwell, William. See Wood- 
well, David. 

Woodwell family, 89; 90, n; 
107; 107, n. 

Wyer. See Wear. 

Yale College, 131, n. 

Yendat tribe. See Hurons. 

York Co., in province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, now in Maine, 
104; deeds relating to, 171. 

Young, Jonathan, of schooner 
Seaflower, 8, n; in prison at 
Quebec, 80. 



223 



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