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Allen County Public Library 



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Volume II. 

(Second Series.) 


Notes and 


' Guv 1 Co Ltd , Printers and Publishers, 70 Patrick Street. 


[second series.] 

Contributed {papers. 

First Musketry Cavalry. Notes from the Orderly Book of the First 
Troop of the Muskerry Legion of Yeomanry Cavalry, 1796, with 
reduced facsimile of page of Orderly Book. Robert Day, f.s.a., 
pres. ....... 

The Rise and Progress in Munster of the Rebellion, 1642, with Illus- 
tration. (From a Manuscript in the British Museum.) Edited by 
Herbert Webb Gillman, i;.l., vice-pres. - 

Part ii. of the Sloane Manuscript. A True Relation of certain particular 
passages between His Majesty's Army and the Rebels in the Province 
of Munster ------- - 68 

Notes from the Council Book of Clonakilty — Municipal Records of 
Clonakilty, 1675 to 1S02. Collected by Dorothea Townshend. 

3°. 79, I2 9> l l 2 > ^o, 
Cork M.P.'s, 1 5 59- 1 800. Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Mem- 
bers of Parliament for the City, the County, and the Boroughs of 
the County of Cork, from the earliest Returns to the Union. 

", 63 

■o, 320 

C. M. Tenison, fj.l.. m.r.i.a. 


Morres, Lodge Evans (aftei wards 

Lord Frankfurt) - - 37 
Morris, Abraham - 37 
Morris, Jonas - -37 
Morris, Samuel - - n 
Murrough (or Morrogh), Andrew 37 
MacCarthy, Charles - - 38 
MacCarthy (Kcagh), Daniel - 38 
MacCarthy, Daniel, "Lion" - 38 
MacCarthy, Sir Donough, knt. 
(afterwards Viscount Muskerry 
and Earl of Clancarty) - 38 
MacCarthy, Dermot - - 38 
MacCarthy, Justin (afterw aids ti- 
tular Viscount Mountcashell)- 38 

37, 136, 178, 225, 274, 323, 368 

MacCarthy, ( 'wen 
McDonnell, Charles 
Nagle, David - 
Nagle, Sir Richard, knt. 
Newenham, Thomas 
Norris, Sir John, knt. - 
Nugent, Major-General tieorge 

(afterwards Sir deorge Nugent, 

bart.) - 
O'Brien, Donogh 
O'Brien, Hon. James - 
O'Callagban, Hon. Sir Robert 

O' Donovan, Daniel (The O'Dono- 

van) • 

1 VGl 

■ 39 

• 39 

• 39 

■ 39 

• 39 



1 3<3 



Cork M.P.'s— contd. 


O'Donovan, Daniel (or Donnell) - 136 

OTJonovan, Jeremiah - -136 

Oliver, Charles - - 13 6 

Oliver, Robert - 137 

O'Neill, Charles - - 1 37 
Orde, The Right Hon. Thomas 

(afterwards Lord Bolton) - 137 
Ormsby, John - - l 37 
Palmes, Lieut-General Francis - 137 
Parker, Brigadier-General Gervais 137 
Parker, Matthew - -138 
Peere, Lott - - 138 
Perceval, Sir John, bait. - - 138 
Perceval, Sir John, bait, (after- 
wards Earl of Egmont) - - 138 
Petty, Henry (afterwards Earl of 

Shelbume) - - 138 

Petty, Sir William, knt. - - 139 

Phillips, William - - - 139 

Pierce (or Piers), Henry - - 139 

Pigot, Emanuel - " - - x 39 

Pigott, Thomas - - - 1 39 

Pomfreide (or Pomfret), John - 178 

Ponsonby, Richard - - 17S 
Ponsonby, William (Brabazon), 

(afterwards Lord Ponsonby) - 178 
Ponsonby, William (afterwards Sir 

William) - - 178 
Pooley, Robert - - 178 
Pooley, Thomas - - - 1 79 
Portyngall, John - - 179 
Powell, Edmond - - - 179 
Power, John - 179 
Prittie, Francis Aldborough - 1 79 
Prendergast, Thomas - - 179 
Price, Cromwell - - - 1 79 
l'urdon, Bartholomew - - 180 
Purrlon, Henry - - 180 
Purdon, Sir Nicholas - - 180 
Read, John - 180 
Richardson, Edward - 180 
Riggs, Edward - . - 180 
Roche, David FitzThomas, knt. - 180 
Roche, Alderman Dominick - 181 
Roche, Dominick - - 181 
Roche, James - - 181 
Roche, James - - - 181 
Roche, Patrick - - - 181 
Roche, Philip - - 181 
Roche, Philip - - - 225 
Roche, Redmond - - 225 
Rochford, Robert - - 225 
Rogers, George - - 225 
Rogers, Alderman Robert - 225 
Ronaine, Alderman Theobald - 225 
Rowley, Samuel Campbell - 226 
Rowley, William - - 226 
Rugg, Henry - - - 226 
St. George, Richard - - 226 
St. Leger, Arthur (afterwards Vis- 
count Doneraile) - 227, 409 
St. Leger, Hon. Arthur (afterwards 

second Viscount Doneraile) - 227 

St. Leger, Hon. Barry Boyle - 227 

St. Leger, Hon. Hayes - - 227 

St. Leger, Hayes (afterwards 

Viscount Doneraile) - - 227 

St. Leger, Hayward - 227 

St. Leger, John - - 274 

St. Leger, Sir John, knt. - - 274 

St. Leger, John - - - 274 

St. Leger, Hon. Richard - - 274 

St. Leger, St. Leger (formerly St. 
Leger Aldworth, and afterwards 
Viscount Doneraile) - - 274 

St. Leger, Sir William, knt. - 275 

Sarsfield, Thomas - - 275 

Sarsfield, Sir William, knt. - 275 

Sheares, Henry - - - 276 

Sheridan, Charles Francis - - 276 

Silver, John - 276 

Silver, Owen - 276 

Skipwith, Edward - - 276 

Slingsby, Sir Francis - - 276 

Smith, Boyle - - 277 

Sonkeston, Sir Roger - - 277 

Southwell, Edward - - 277 

Southwell, Edward (afterwards 

Lord Clifford or de Clifford) - 277 
Southwell, William - 323 

Stannard, Eaton - - 323 

Staunton, Miles (Sir Miles, knt, qy) 323 
Stawell, Anthony - - 323 

Stawell, Jonas - - 324 

Stawell, Jonas - - 324 

Sudley, Lord (Arthur Gore), (after- 
wards Earl of Arran) - - 324 
Tonson, Richard - - 324 
Tonson, William (formerly William 
Hall, and afterwards Lord 
Riversdale) - - - 324 
Townsend, Bryan - - 325 
Townsend, John - - 325 
Townsend, Richard - 325 
Townsend, Richard - - 325 
Travers, James - - 325 
Travers, Sir Robert, knt. - - 325 
Tynte, Sir Henry - - 326 
Tynte, James - - - 326 
Tyrry, David - - 326 
Tyrry, Edmond - - 326 
Uniacke, James - - - 326 
Uniacke, Robert - - 368 
Uniacke, Alderman Thomas - 368 
Vesey, Agmondesham - - 368 
Waller, James - - 368 
Waller, John - - 369 
Walshe, John - - 369 
Ware, Sir James, knt. - - 369 
Warren, Augustus (afterwards bart. ) 369 
Warren, Thomas - - 369 
Webber, Edward - - 370 
Wenman, Sir Thomas - - 370 
Wentworth, Sir George, knt. - 370 
Wiseman, William - - 370 
Wood, Attiwell - - 371 
Woodward, Benjamin Blake - 371 



Extracts from Old Minute Book of Duhallow Hunt, 1800 to 1808. 

Copied by Major James Grove- White, J.P. 49 

The Sacred Tree of Clenor, with Illustration. James Byrne, m.r.s.a. 59 

An Historical Account of the Dominicans of Cork, from 1229, the 
year of their first foundation in the City, to our own times, with 
Portraits. Rev. James A. Dwyer, o.p. 97 

Chap. vi. (iixai and Good Men - 97 Conclusion - III 

A Chapter on Posies. Robert Day, f.s.a., pres, - 112 

Around Cork with Pen and Pencil — Armorial Stone in Blarney Street, 

with Illustration. J. P. D. - 122 
Some Bishops of Cloyne. Very Rev. Horace T. Fleming, d.d., Dean 

ofCloyne. - - - 125 

The Old Countess. M. T. Kelly. - 145 

Souterrain at Deelish, county Cork, with Plan and Illustration. H. F. 

Webb Gillman, i.c.s. ... 153 

The Folk-Lore of the Months. Mananaan Mac Lir, - - 157, 316, 365 

April - - • - 157 June - - 365 

May - - - - 316 

County Cork Celebrities — Johnny Roche, with Portrait. J. W. B. 160 

Round About the Walls of Cork. John FitzGerald. - - 168 

Muskerry Yeomanry, co. Cork, and their Times, with Illustrations. 

Herbert Webb Gillman, b.l., vice-pres. - 193, 241 

Part i., 1796-1799- - 193 ' Pan ii., 1823-1827 ..V 1843-4- 241 

The MacFinnin MacCarthys of Ardtully. Randal MacFinnin Mac- 

Carthy. - - - - - - - 210 

The Climate of Cork. William Miller. - -214,267 
The Old Cistercian Abbeys in the Diocese of Cashel and Emly, with 

Illustrations. Rev. R. H. Long. 250 

Kanturk Castle, county Cork, with Illustration. M. T. Kelly. 257 

Medals, with Illustrations. Robert Day, f.s.a. - 260 

The Silver Medal of the Royal Irish Constabulary - - 260 

Silver Medal of the Loyal ('.irk Volunteers of 1706 - - - 262 

Round Walled Cork from across the River. John FitzGerald 263 

Rebellion 1641-2 described in a Letter of Rev. Urban Vigors to Rev. 

Henry Jones, with a Note of Officers engaged at the Battle of 

Liscarroll. Contributed by Col. Philip D. Vigors, f.r.s.a., j.p. - 289 

Caherconlish. Rev. J. F. Lynch. - 307, 345, 385, 443, 467 

Blarney Castle, County Cork: Double Structure of its Keep, with 

Plan and Illustration. Cecil Crawford Woods, f.r.s.a. - 337 

The Divisions of South Munster during the Tudor Period. W. Butler. 360 

The Tomb of an Irish Soldier of Fortune, with Illustration. M. 

Eckardt, Thierfeld, Saxnny 377 

viii. CONTENTS. 


Some Prehistoric Remains still existing in the Parish of Donoughmore, 
Diocese of Cloyne, County Cork. Letter from Ven. Archdeacon 
John Quarry, d.d., to the President - - - - 381 

Philip O'Sullivan Bear: Soldier, Poet, and Historian, with "Com- 
pendium of the Catholic History of Ireland," translated from 
the Latin. Mathew J. Byrne. - - 392,423,457,516 

Tome 11. Book iv. On the various Vicissitudes of Ireland under 

Elizabeth . - 457 

Chapter i. General Sketch of the Tyranny of Elizabeth and Distrac- 
tions of Ireland .... - 458 

Chapter ii. The Memorable Martyrdom of John Travers, d.d. -459 

Chapter iii. The Remarkable Vicissitudes of John O'Nell (O'Neill), 

Prince of Tyrone, most worth Recording - - 459 

Chapter iv. On the Earl of Clanricarde .... 462 

Chapter v. On the O'Morres (O'Moores) and the O'Conchms (O'Con- 
nors) of Ophaly (Offaly) .... - 462 

Chapter vi. Tyranny of Cosby, an Englishman - - • 463 

Chapter vii. On Cathal O'Connor Macfort, an Englishman, and an 

instance of English Treachery - 464 

Chapter viii. The Geraldines (Fitzgeralds) of Mamonia (Munster) - 464 

Chapter be. War of McCarthy and Earl Desmond — James Fitzgerald 

sails for Spain - - - - - - S l & 

Chapter x. Richard, Primate of Ireland, a Famous Hero - - 517 

Chapter xi. Patrick O'Hely (O'Healy), Bishop of Mayo, and his Com- 
rade, Connatius O'Ruarke, Franciscans and famous 
martyrs - - - - - - 518 

Chapter xii. On Miler (Magrath), Pseudo-Archbishop of Cashel - 520 

Chapter xiii. Thomas O'Hierlatha (O'Herlihy), Bishop of Ross, an 

Illustrious Man - - - - - 521 

Chapter xiv. Insurrections in Leinster ----- 522 

A Glance at the Earlier Antiquities of the County of Louth, with 

Sketch Map. Major-General F. \V. Stubbs. - - 398 

Inscriptions on Stone or Metal 


Structures of Stone 

The Problem of the Souterrains. Some in County Cork Described, 
with Illustration and Plan. Herbert Webb Gillman, b.l., 
vice-pres. - - - - - - - 417 

Kilberehert Rath Souterrain - 417 Garranes Rath Souterrain - 420 

Journal of Mr. Samuel Reily, when he and Mr. Peter Maguire, Wine 
Merchant of Cork, were taken by the Rebels, while proceeding 
to Dublin by the Royal Mail Coach in September, 1798. - 428 

The Condons of Cloghleigh, Barony of Condons and Clongibbons, 

with Illustration. P. Raymond. .... 47^ ^ g 

The Made Grounds of Cork City. John FitzGerald. - - - 485 

Blessed Thaddeus McCarthy, bishop of Cork and Cloyne, 1490-92, 

with Illustrations. Rev. P. Hurley, p.p. - - - 497 

The Synans of Doneraile. Mananaan Mac Lir - - - 523 


Of Buildings - 

- 406 


Manufactured Articles 

- 407 




IRotes anfc Queries. 

"A Chapter on Posies" 

A Cork " Punch " 

" An Acct. Worke Done at the North and 

South Bridges" October 17 10 
Braon Sinnsior 

Caherconlish - - 

Cam Fearadaigh 
Copy of an Epitaph in Fedamore Churchyard, 

county Limerick 
Cork Families - 
Daire Donn 
Duhallow Hunt 
" Eikon Basilike " 

Horse Trappings, with Illustration 
John Terry, Linen Draper 
J. Vaughan Thompson, Naturalist 
Kanturk .... 

Letters from General Washington to Reuben 

Harvey, Esq., of Cork 
Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Synge 
Local Folk-Lore 

Loftus - - ... 


McCartie of Clidane 
Minerva Rooms, Cork - 
Motion of the Earth near Charleville, 1697 
Nixon - - - 

Notes on the Council Book of Clonakilty 
Old Dan, with Portrait 

Order of the Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick - 
Phelam O'Connor, of Kerry - 
Philip "Ash" - 

Posies - - 

Posy Rings 


Rev. H. E. Ruby 


" Mananaan Mac Lir " 


Robert Day, f.s.a. 


Rev. J. F. Lynch 



5 2 9 





G. M. L. 


G. D. Lumb 


Robert Day, f.s.a. 


Rev. J. F. Lynch 


Robert Day, f.s.a. 




Rev. J. F. Lynch 

1 40 

Robert Day, f.s.a. 




R. W. 


Rev. J. F. Lynch 

3 2 7 


" Breviator " 


James Grene Barry 

45 ! 

Robert Day, f.s.a. 


James Grene Barry 


" Breviator " 


William Callaghan 


J. Buckley 

9 1 

A. R. 


H. D. Connor 

V. W. B. 


"Old Cork" 


" Breviator " 




Robert Day, f.s.a. 

2 35 





Rev. Joseph Synge 

Sir Henry Browne-Hayes 

Some Old Names 

Some Stray Notes 

Springmount - 

Temple Michael 

The Legend of Birdhill 

The Rise and Progress ir 

Rebellion, 1642 
" The Sportsman in Ireland 





C. O'K. Smith 




Rev. John Lyons, p.p. 




" Breviator" 




G. B. Barton 



Rev. J. F. Lynch 





42, 88 



" Breviator " 




Rev. J. F. Lynch 





nster of 




J. Grove White 




Robert Day, f.s.a 

3 2 7 




49 1 


/HMscellaneous. . 


Original Documents — 

Index Testamentorium olim in Registro Corcagia; (1600-T802) 44, 93, 143, 

189, 239, 280, 329, 372, 411, 453, 455, 493, 535, 

Supplementary Index (1802 to 1833) 191, 236, 331, 375, 411, 414. 

454, 496, 535 
Proceedings of the Society — 

Conversazione of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society 

and Cork Naturalists' Field Club 182 

The Rude Stone Monuments of this and other Lands. Lecture 

by Dr. Ringrose Atkins 185 

Fourth Annual General Meeting - - - - -228 

Index to the Cork Marriages from a.d. 1623 to 1750 229 

Documents and Articles lent to the Society - 229 

Exhibits by Mr. Robert Day, F.s a. - - 229 

Early Copper Celts - 229 

Finger Ring of O'Brien, the Irish Giant, with Illustration 230 

Medal of the Irish Volunteers, with Illustration 231 

Exhibits by Rev. J. W. Hopkins — African Fetishes - 233 

Reviews of Books — 

"Eddies." By T. H. Wright - 47 

" Chapters in an Adventurous Life— Sir Richard Church in Italy 

and Greece." By E. M. Church - 192 

"An Octogenarian Literary Life — The Autobiography of James 

Roderick O'Flanagan, r,.L., m.r.i.a.' 376 

Necrology — 

Richard Barter, Sculptor - - - 85 

Local Poetry — 

The Wild Goose — The Irish Cavalier, 1690. Horace Townshend 27S 

Cremona, 1740. Horace Townshend - - - 409 

Index to Marriage Licence Bonds of the Diocese of Cork and Ross, 
Ireland, for the years from 1623 to 1750. Preserved in the Public 
Record Office of Ireland. Copied, with the permission of the 
Master of the Rolls, from the Index prepared in the Public Record 
Orifice, by Herbert Webb Gillman, r.i. , j.i'.. vice-pres. {Separate 
pagination, commencing in August number). 

XEbe Cork Ibtetorical & Hrcbrcolooical Society 

iprestDent : 

Robert Day, J.P., F.S.A., M.R.I. A., F.R.S.A. 

t)tce=il>resloent : 
Herbert Webb Gillman, B.A., J.P., B.L., M.R.S.A. 

1foon. treasurer: 

Thomas Farrinoton, M.A., F.C.S., F.I.C., T.C. 

1bon. Secretaries: 

DENHAM Franklin, J. P., T.C, 74, South Mall, Cork. John O'Mahony, M.R.S.A, Dublin. 

F.S.A., F.R.S.A 

Francis W. Allman. 

Wm. Ringrose Atkins, F.C.A., M.R.S.A. 

Very Rev. R. L. Browne, O.S.F., M.R.S.A. 

T. J. Clanchy, J. P. 


Thomas Croshie, F.J.I. 

Henry Dale, Aid., J. P. 

John Paul Dalton. 

C. G. Doran, Architect, etc. 

Rev. James A. Dwyer, O.P. 

John Fitzgerald. 

JEoittng an& 

Council : 

M. J 

Fitzgerald, B.L. , Ballykenally. 
Arthur Hill, B.E., M.R.I.A., F.R.S.A. 
Rev. P. Hurley, P.P., M.R.S.A., Inchigeela. 
Miss H. A. Martin, M.R.C.P. 
Rev. Canon Courtenay Moore, M. A., M.R.S.A. 
George M. Moore, M.R.S.A. 
Very Rev. J. Canon Murphy, D.D., M.R.S.A 
Henry L. Tivy, M.R.S.A. 
Robert Walker, J.P., A.M.I.C.E., P.P.S.A. 
Rev. VV. Whitelegge, M.A. 
Cecil C. Woods, F.R.S.A. 

^Revising Committee •• 

Robert Day, J.P. (President); Herbert W. Gillman, J. P. {Vice-President); William Ringrose Atkins (Council Member); 
W . A. Copinger, LL.D. {Council Member) ; Rev. James A. Dwyer, O.P. {Council Member); John Paul Dalton (Council 
Member); Denhani Franklin, LP. {Secretary). 

NOTE.— The Council wish it to be distinctly understood that they do not hold themselves responsible for the 
statements and opinions contained in the Papers read at the Meetings of the Society, and printed in this Journal. 
All MSS. submitted to Committee for publication must be legibly written, on one side of paper, and sent to the Hon. 
Secretary, D. Franklin, Esq., 74, South Mall, Cork. 

baronial 1bon. Secretaries: 





Carbery East 
Condons and Clon- 


Ibane and Barryroe 

Rev. J. C. Buckley, P.P., Mourne 

Abbey, Mallow. 
Rev. Edmond Barry, P.P., M.R.I. A., 

F.R.S.A., Rathcormac. 

Rev. Canon Courtenay Moore, M.A., 
M.R.S.A., Mitchelstown. 

K. I). Williams, Brookside, Mallow. 
James Byrne, J. P., M.R.S.A., Walls- 
town Castle, Mallow. 





Muskerry East 

Very Rev. Horace T. Fleming, D.D., 

M.R.S.A., The Deanery, Cloync. 
Charles Ronayne, M.D., South Abbey, 

Rev. Canon J. R. Brougham, M.A., 

Rev. J. H. Colo, Innishannon. 
Rev. M. I -'lt-miii.:. St. Patrick's, Upton. 
Rev. John W. Hopkins, B.A., 

M.R.S.A., Conna. 

H. W. Gillman, Rev. H. E. Ruby, 
and R. Crooke. 

Muskerry West .. Rev. P. Hurley, P.P., M.R.S.A., 

Orrery and Kilmore C. J. Miller, Charleville. 


i. — The Society shall be called "The Cork Historical and 
Archaeological Society." 

2.— The objects of the Society shall be the collection, pre- 
servation, and diffusion of all available information regarding 
he City and County of Cork, and to provide for the 
i record of local current events. 

3— The Society shall be governed by a Council, consisting of 
a President, two Vice-Presidents, an Hon. Treasurer, II 
Seen i.n\ and not more than twenty-four other members, to be 
elected annually at the Annual General Meeting of the Society. 

4.— On a vacancy occurring in the office of President, or other 
office of the Society, or in the Council, the Council shall have the 
power to fill such vacancy until the following Annual Meeting. 

5. — Candidates for membership shall I j .1 member, 

ded by another member, and submitted to the Council for 

6-— The Annual Subscription shall be 7s. 6d., payable in 
advance, and shall be due on each January 1st. 

7. — Members whose subscriptions are in arrear for more than 
one year shall be removed from the Society's roll, but may he 
reinstated by the Council at their discretion. 

8.— Members shall be entitled to receive all the ordinary 
publications of the Society free ; and they shall also lie enl 
toreceiveall special issui I tl ietyatsuch subscription 

price as may be determined by the Council. The publications 
of the Society shall not be supplied to Members whose 
subscriptions are in arrear for more than three Numbers. 

9.— The Society shall meet in the Library of the Cork School 
of Art, or in such other place, and at such time as the Council 
may from time to time determine, for the purpose of hearing 
some paper or papers upon matters connected with the objects 
and purposes of the Society. Such papers may afterwards be 
in the Journal of the Society, according to the discretion 
of the Council. 

10. — Each Member shall be entitled to introduce one vi.-itor 
at any of the ordinary meetings of the Society. 

11. rhe Annual General Meeting of the Society, to receive 
the Report of the Council and Statement of Accounts, to elect 
Officers and Council, and to consider amendments to the Rules, 

of which due notice shall have been given, shall he held at Mich 
time and place as the Council may determine. 

1 -. \u account of the re. 1 lursements, a 

liabilities, duly audited and made up to the 31st day of Decem- 
ber of the previous year, shall be laid before the Annual 

: itors shall be appointed annually by the Society 
at the Annual General Meeting. 

t4. — The Rules shall not be altered, except at the Annual 
General Meeting of the Society, or at an Extraordinary Meeting 
specially summoned by the Council, or upon the signed requisi- 

Members of the Society for that put: 
of any proposed alteration of the Rules shall be made in writing 
ami .sent to the Hon. Secretary not less than one month preced 
ing the meeting at which it is to be proposed. 




Ele< ted 

1 89 1 
















1 89 1 



Addicks, J. E. C. O'Sullivan, 247, Fifth 

Avenue, New York, U.S.A. 
Advocates Library, Edinburgh. 
Alcock, A. M., m.d., Innishannon. 
Alcock-Stawell, Col. William St. Leger, D.L., 

Kilbrittan Castle, co. Cork. 
Alcorn, Rev. H., a.b., Farahy Rectory, Castle- 

Allman, Francis W., Rath Lee, Sunday's Well, 

Andrews, Joseph, 85, Sunday's Well Road, Cork. 
Archdall,*Very Rev. Dean, d.d., the Deanery, 

Armstrong, G. A., C.E., Ardnacarrig, Bandon 
Atkins, William Ringrose, F.C.A., m.r.s.a. , 

39, South Mall, Cork. 
Atkinson, George M., m.r.i.a., m.r.s.a., 28, 

St. Oswald's Road, Fulham, London, S.W. 
Attridge, Thomas H., 17, South Terrace, Cork. 
Avondhue Club, Walker's Row, Fermoy. 

Bandon, Countess of, Castle Bernard, Bandon. 

Bandon Town Hall News Room 

Bannister, William, j.p., Victoria Lodge, 
Victoria Cross, Cork. 

Barrett, John, Neville's Terrace, Macroom. 

Barry, James Grene, J.P. , M.R.S.A., 90, George 
Street, Limerick. 

Barry, John Harold, J.P., d.l. , Bally vonare, 

Barry, M. J., Montpellier Terrace, Summerhill, 

Barry, Rev. Edmond, P.P., m.r.i.a., f.r.s.a., 
Rathcprmac, co. Cork. 

Barry, Richard, 14, Mardyke, Cork. 

Barry, William J., 6, Nile Street, Cork. 

Barter, Richard, j.p., St. Anne's Hill, Cork. 

Baiter, T. J., 92, Patrick Street, Cork. 

Beale, George Gotter, Elmgrove, Ballyhooly 
Road, Cork. 

Beamish, Capt. Richard Pigott, D. L., Ash- 
bourne, Glounthaune, Cork. 

Beamish, F. J., j.p., Lettercollum,Timoleague. 

Beamish, R. II., Ashbourne, Glounthaune, Cork. 

Beamish, W. II., 8, The Crescent, Queens- 

Bennett, Charles A., Glenorchy, Tasmania. 

Bennett, George, b.l., Bandon, Coos Co., 

Bennett, Joseph H., solr., m.r.s.a., Warren's 
Place, Cork. 

Berry, II. F., M.A., T.C.D., i:.L., 60, More- 
hampton Road, Dublin. 

Bigger, Francis Joseph, m.r.i.a., m.r.s.a., 
Ardrie, Belfast. 

Binchy, William P., Charleville. 


1892 Bodleian Library, Oxford. 

1892 Brady, Rev. James, Dunmanway. 

1892 Brenan, James, R.H.A., M.R.I.A., m.r.s.a. 
8, Palmerston Road, Rathmines, Dublin. 

1892 Brennan, Francis, 83, Patrick Street, Cork. 

1892 British Museum Library, Copyright Office, 
Bloomsbury, London. 

1892 Brougham, Rev. Canon John R., m.a , Monks- 
town, Cork. 

1 89 1 Browne, Very Rev. R. L., o.s.f., m.r.s.a., 

Franciscan Convent, Cork. 
1S92 Buckley, James, solr., Granard co. Longford. 

1892 Buckley, M. P., J. P., 17, South Mall, Cork. 
1892 Burke, Rev. John, c.c. , Glandore, co. Cork. 
1892 Burke, Rev. Br. J. D., Lady's Mount, Cork. 
1892 Burke, William Evans, c.E., Shamrock Lodge, 

Douglas, Cork. 
1894 Burtchaell,G. D., M. A. ,ll.b., m.r.i.a., f r.s a., 

b.l., 7, Stephen's Green, Dublin. 
Butler, Prof. W. F., M.A., Queen's College, 

Byrne, James, J. P., m.r.s.a. , Wallstown Castle, 

Byrne, Matthew J., Listowel. 

Callaghan, Rev. T., San Mateo, California, 

Callaghan, Wm. A., Hose, Melton Mowbray 
Canty, T. J., J.P., The Square, Clonakilty. 
Carnegie, J. D., J.P., 11, Prince of Wales 

Terrace, Bray, co. Wicklow. 
Carrigan, Rev. William, c.c, m.r.s.a., Tem- 

pleorum, Piltown, co. Kilkenny. 
Carroll, J. H., 80, South Mall, Cork. 
Carroll, J. T., 5, Copthall Buildings, Throg- 

morton Street, London, E.C. 
Carver, Rev. John, p.p., Castletownroche. 
Casey, Henry J. P., 20, St. Patrick's Hill, Cork. 
Cashman, Rev. Thomas F, 658, Jackson Boule- 
vard, Chicago, 111., U.S.A. 
Castletown, Right Hon. Lord, of Upper 

Ossery, j.p., d.i ., f.r.s.a., Doneraile Court, 

co. Cork. 
Cavanagh, Very Rev. M. A., O.S. F., Franciscan 

Convent, Drogheda. 

1 1 59, Fourth Street, 
City, Dist. Columbia, 












Cavanagh, Michael, 
N.E. Washington 

Charles, Professor J. 

F.R.S.E., F.R.U.I., 1 

J., M.A., D.SC, M.D., 
Alexandra Place, Cork. 
Clanchy, T. J., j.p., Sunville, St. Luke's, Cork. 
Clarke, Arthur, solr., 48, South Mall, Cork. 
Cleburne, William, 25, West 1st South Street 

Salt Lake City, U.S.A. 
Clery, J. W., j.p., Westboro' House, Middle 
Glanmire Road, Cork. 
























1 89 1 



Clcry and Co., (T. Hanley, Librarian), Lower 

Sackville Street, Dublin. 
Coakley, D. J., c.E., Charlotte Quay, Cork. 
Cockle, Rev. F. T.,M.A.,The Rectory, Rivers- 
town, co. Sligo. 
Cochrane, Robert, C.E., F.s.A., F.R.I.B.A., 

M.R.I. A., F.R.S.A., 17, Ilighfield Road, 

Rathgar, co. Dublin. 
Coffey, Most Rev. John, D.D., Lord Bishop of 

Kerry, The Palace, Killarney. 
Cole, Rev. J H., B.A., M.R.S.A., Tower View, 

Coleman, Jas.,H.M.C.,M.R.S. A., n Manchester 

Street, Southampton. 
Concannon, John, D.i. r.i.c, 11, Garville 

Avenue, Rathgar, Dublin. 
Conner, 11. D., ma., b.l., 16, Fitzwilliam 

Place, Dublin. 
Conner, Philip S. P., Octorara, Rowlandsville, 

Maryland, U.S.A. 
Cooke, George, 14, Hornsey Rise, London, X. 
Cooke, John^M.A., F.R.S a., 66, Morehampton 

Road, Dublin. 
Cooper, Anderson, j. r., M.R.S.A., Weston, 

Copinger, W. A., LL.D., B.L., f.s.a. (Eng.), 

F. k.s.a. (Irel.), The Priory, Manchester. 
Coppinger Valentine J., B.L., 5, Pembroke 

Road, Dublin. 
Corby, Henry, M.D., 19, St. Patrick's Place, 

Corker, W. H., solr., M.R.S.A., 52, ('.rand 

Parade, Cork. 
Cornwall, J. T., 59, South Mall, Cork. 
Cotter, James, Killorglin, Kerry 
Colter, John, Clerk of Union, Workhouse, Cork. 
Crawford, A. F. Sharman, J.P., Lota Lodge, 

Glanmire, Cork. 
Creaghe, Philip Crampton, R.M., M.R.I.A., 

m.r.s.a., Ballymena, co. Antrim. 
Creedon, Denis, jun., Fermoy. 
Crofts, Ernest, A.R.A., 4S. Grove End Road, 

London, N.W. 
Crofts, J., M.D., Surgeon-Major, a. M.S., 

Jhalrapatan, Rajputana, India. 
Crooke, Evans, Oldtown, Coachford. 
Crooke, Richard, Aghavrin House, Coachford. 
Crosbie, Thomas, F.J. I., Lee Bank, Sunday's 

Well Road, Cork. 
Crossle, lrancis C, M.B., The Chestnuts. 

Newry, co. Down. 
Cullinan, 1 1 . ('., 1.1..1;., f. r.s.a. ,7, St. Stephen's 

( rreen, Dublin. 
Cummins. Mrs. Ashley, 17, St. Patrick's Place, 

Currey, Francis F. , J. P., Mall House, Lismore. 

Dalton,J. P., 63, ('.rand Parade, Cork. 
Daly, John, 11, ( beat ( reorge's St 1 eel. Cork, 
Daly, Michael Condon, 2, Patrick Street, 

Daly. M. D.,.M>., Cleve Hill, Cork. 
Darling, Rev. J. Lindsey, M.A., The Rectory, 

Day, John, 31, Rockspring, St. Lukes's, Cork. 
Day, Mrs, Oaklodge, Ballintemple, Cork. 
Day, Robert, J. P., F.S.A., F. R.s.a., M.K.I.A.. 

3, Sidney Place, Cork (President). 

El* ted 

1S92 Day, Robert S., B.K., Pox 6S6, Victoria, B.C., 

1895 Deane, Sir Thomas Newenham, Dorset Lodge, 

Killiney, co. Dublin. 

1895 Deane, Thomas Manley, 5, Sidmonton Square 

Bray, co. Wicklow. 

1594 Delany, Right Rev. John Carthage, m.r.s.a., 

Lord Abbot Cistercian Abbey, Mount 

Melleray, Cappoquin. 
1892 Dobbin, Leonard, sen., Ilollymount, Lee Road, 

1892 Donegan, Colonel J. H. F., j.p., M.R.S.A., 

6, Alexandra Place, Cork. 

1891 Doran, C. G., Dunworth House, Queenstown. 

1892 Dorman, John W, B.A.,C.E., Demerara. 
1894 Dorman, Rev. T. Hobart, Knockmourne 

Rectory, Tallow, co. Waterford. 
1892 Dowden, Edward, LL.D., Prof. Trie. Coll., 

Dublin, 1, Appian Way, Dublin. 
1892 Downing, R., H.C., 52, North Main Street, 


1595 Dowsley, W. G., 1, Devonshire Place, Voughal. 
1892 Dunn, Christopher J., J.p., 39, Watercourse 

Road, Cork. 
1892 Dunn, Michael J., B.A., B.L., m.r.s.a., 42, 

Upper Mount Street, Dublin. 
1S91 Dwyer, Rev. J. A., o. p., St. Mary's Priory, 


1896 Eden, Rev. Arthur, Ticehurst Vicarage, Hawk- 

hurst, Kent. 
1892 Egan, P. M., High Street, Kilkenny. 

1891 Egan, Barry M., 32, Patrick Street, Cork. 

1892 Evans, George (d.d.s.), 49 West 34th Street, 

New York, U.S.A. 

1S91 Farrington, Thomas, M.A., F.c.s., F.I.C., T.C., 

5, Summerhill Terrace, Wellington Road, 

Cork {Treasurer). 
1892 Fennell, Rev. M., Rector Industrial School, 

Upton, co. Cork. 
1892 Fielding, Patrick J., M.p.s.I., m.r.s.a., 80, 

Patrick Street, Cork. 
1896 Fitzgerald, Edward, Lough Gur Cottage, 

Holycross, Kilmallock. 
1892 Fitzgerald, Hon. John E., 328, West 72nd 

Street, New York City, U.S. \. 

1591 Fitzgerald, John, Frenchchurch Street, Cork. 
1892 Fitzgerald, M. J., B.L., Ballymacoda, co. Cork. 
1892 FitzGerald. Lord Walter. M.R.I.A..F.R.S.A.J.P., 

Kilkea Castle, Mageney, co. Kildare. 

1892 Fitzgerald. Most Rev. William, D.D., Lord 

Bishop oi Ross, Bishop's House, Skibbereen. 
1894 Fitzgerald, Sir Robert Uniacke Penrose. Part.. 
D.L., M.P., Corkbeg Island, W'hitegate, co. 

1893 Fitzgerald, Richard (Chairman Town Conors.), 

Midleton, co. Cork. 
1892 Fleming, Rev. fames Canon, p.p., St. Finbar's 
West, Cork. 

1592 Fleming, Very Rev. Horace Townsend, D. D., 

M.R.S.A., The Deanery, Cloyne. 
189c Foley, P. tC, 6 u, Washington Street, P 

Mass., U.S.A. 
1S92 Forde, J. C, 79, South Mall, Cork. 
1892 Forde, P. J., j. p., 4, Sidney Place, Cork. 
1892 Forde, Rev. J. W., M.A.,Lislee,Courtmacsherry, 

co. Cork. 



1894 Forsyeth, R. W., B.L., J.P., Whitechurch 

House, Cappagh, Lismore. 

1891 Franklin, Denham, j. p., T.C., 74, South Mall, 

Cork (Secretary). 

1892 Fraser T., Currngh Ville, Curragh Road, Cork. 
1S94 Frederic, Harold, National Liberal Club, 

'Whitehall Place, London, S.W. 

1893 Fryer, Major-General John, c.B., (commanding 

Cork District), Government House, Cork. 

1892 Gale, John (co. sub-sheriff), Rathpeacon Hall, 

1892 Garstin, John Ribton, ll.b., m.a.,b.d.,f.s.a., 

M.R.I. A., F.R.H.S., F.R.S.A., J.T., D.L., Bmg- 

ganstown, Castlebellingham. 

1892 Geraghty, William, 11, Camden Street, Liver- 

1892 Gibbings, Rev. Edward, M.A., The Rectory, 
Kinsale, co. Cork. 

1892 Gillman, Herbert F. Webb, I.c.s., Guntur, 
Kistna District, South India. 

1891 Gillman, Herbert Webb, B.A., B.L., J.P., 

M.R.S.A., Clonteadmore, Coachford, co. Cork 
( Vice-President). 

1892 Gillman, John E., 14, Beacon Street, Boston, 

Mass., U.S.A. 
1892 Gleeson, Timothy, Lisquinlan, Castlemarty, 
co. Cork. 

1895 Grainger, Dr. Wm. H., 408, Meridian Street, 

E. boston, Mass, U.S.A. 
1892 Graves, Right Rev. Charles, d.d.,d.c.l., f.r.s., 

m.r.i. a., f.r.s. A., Lord Bishop of Limerick, 

The Palace, Limerick. 
1892 Gray, Miss, 9, Lower Park, Queenstown. 
1892 Gray, William, m.r.i. A., Mount Charles, Belfast. 

1894 Green, T. G. II., 10, Windsor Road, Palmerston 

Park, Dublin. 

1891 Green, W. T., I, Belgrave Place, Cork. 

1892 Greer, Thomas, F.R.G.S., Sea Park, Belfast. 
1892 Greeves, Fergus M., Tweskard, Strandtown, 


1896 Grehan, Stephen, J. r. ,D.L. , Clonmeen, Banteer, 

co. Cork. 
1892 Griffith, R. G., Munster and Leinster Bank, 

1894 Haines, Rev. John, M.A., Kinneigh Rectory, 

Enniskean, co. Cork. 
1892 Hall, Edwin, J.P., d.l., m.r.s.a., Pinehurst, 

Blackrock, Cork. 
1892 Hallinan, Edward, j.p. , Avoncore, Midleton. 
1892 Harley, Rev. Canon C. B., m.a., The Glebe, 

Belgrave Place, Cork. 

1891 Harrington, Stanley, B. A., J. P., Trafalgar, Cork. 

1892 Hartland, William Bavlor, 24, Patrick Street, 


1893 Hawkes, Colonel R. L. , Dennis Quay, Kinsale. 

1892 Hawkes, Thomas G, Corning, New York, 


1893 Hayes, Richard, solr., 59, South Mall, Cork. 
1892 Healy, Maurice, Bridge Street, Bandon. 

1892 Healy, Maurice, m.p. , Ash ton Lawn, Black- 
rock Road, Cork. 

1 895 Healy, Rev. W. , p. p. , Johnstown, co. Kilkenny. 
1S92 Heard, E., 15, South Mall, Cork. 

1895 Henry, James, M.n., Swan Park, Monaghan. 
1892 Hennessy, Rev. P., c.C, Kilmeen, Clonakilty. 
1895 Hennessy, Rev. Br. P. J., Superior Christian 
Brothers, Lady's Mount, Cork. 


1896 Herlihy, Patrick W., Green Hall, Kanturk. 

1892 Hickey, Rev. Michael P., m.r.s.a., St. John's 
Presbytery, New Street, Waterford. 

1892 Higginbotham, Granby, m.r.s.a., 46 Welling- 
ton Park, Belfast. 

1892 Higgins, Pierce, Ardfallen House, Sunday's 

Well, Cork. 

1894 Highet, John, 4, Marlboro' Street, Cork. 

1891 Hiil,Arthur,B.E.,F.R.I.B.A.,M.R.I.A.,F.R.S.A., 

22, George's Street, Cork. 

1893 Hill, Samuel, West View, Military Road, Cork. 

1892 Hill, William H., b.e., f.r.i. B. A., m.r.s.a., 

Audley House, St. Patrick's Hill, Cork. 

1895 Lloare, Captain John, Corning, New York. 

1896 Hoare, Joseph, B.A., t.c.d., Carrigrohane 

Castle, co. Cork. 
1896 Hodson, Richard E., j.p., Coolfadda House, 

1892 Holland, M., 20, Myrtlehill Terrace, Lower 

Glanmire Road, Cork. 
1892 Hopkins, Rev. J. W., B.A., m.r.s.a., Aghern 

Vicarage, Conna, co. Cork. 

1895 Hope, Robert P., Loughbawn, Killucan, co. 

1892 Horgan. Michael Joseph, Clanloughlin, Lee 

Road, Cork. 
1892 Humphreys, E.,-Southgate Brewery, Cork. 
1892 Humphreys, Henry, Ballintemple, Cork. 
1892 Hunt, Edmond L., Danesfort, Mallow. 
1892 Hurley, Rev. P., p.p., m.r.s.a., Inchigeela, co. 


1892 Hutch, Very Rev. Canon, d.d., p.p., m.r.i.a., 


1893 Hutchins, Samuel N., b.a., j.p., Ardnagashel, 

Ban try. 

1893 Irish Literary Society, 8, Adelphi Terrace, 
Adam Street, Strand, London, W.C. 

1892 Jennings, Ignatius R. B., c.i.r.i.c, m.r.s.a., 
Balk/truckle, Waterford. 

1896 Jennings, Thomas, J. P., Brookfield House, Cork. 
1892 "jephson-Norreys, Mrs. Atherton, Mallow Castle, 

1892 Johnson, R. W., C.E., Victoria Road, Cork. 

1892 Johnstone, H. H., 57, Sinclair Road, West 

Kensington Park, London, W. 

1893 Jones, Rev. Canon Richard, d.d., The Rectory, 


1895 Jordan, Rev. W., m.a., m.r.s.a., f.r.s., etc., 

St. Augustine's, Moreland, Melbourne. 
1S92 Joyce, Patrick Weston, ll. d, m. r. i. a, m. r.s. a. , 
Lyre-na-Grena, Leinster Road, Rathmines, 
co. Dublin. 

1896 Keating, R.,N. 1'. Harding, Natal, South Africa, 

1 89 1 Keller, Very Rev. Daniel Canon, P.P., V.G , 

1895 Kelly, Miss M. T., 42, Lower Leeson Street, 

1895 Kilty, John, 13, Orelia Terrace, Queenstown. 

1892 Kinsale Club, Kinsale. 

1892 Lacy, William B.,F.C.A., 15, South Mall, Cork. 
1895 Lamb, Rev. W., M.A., Desertserges, co. Cork. 
1892 Lane, Mrs. Denny, 3, Fairy Hill Terrace, 

Monkstown, co. Cork. 
1892 Lane, Rev. John, St. Mary's Bacup, England. 
1892 Lane, Rev. William Canon, p.p., Dunmanway. 




1892 Lane, William, B.A., j.P.,Vernonmount, Cork. 

1892 Leader, Lieut. W. F., D.C.O. Middlesex 

Regt., Commandant Purandhar, Bombay, 


1892 Leader, Surgeon-Major Nicholas, a. M.S., 

Station Hospital, Devonport. 

1893 Leahy, D., Grand Parade Market, Cork. 
1892 Lee, PhilipG. , m.d. , 25, St. Patrick's Hill, Cork. 
1892 Lecky, Robert John, 3, Lorton Terrace, Lad- 

brooke Road, London, W. 
1896 Levis, John S., M.D., Glenview 5 Skibbereen. 
1895 Lewis, T. W., m.d , KingsclifTe, Wansford, 

1892 Leycester, Joseph \V., j.p., Vosterburgh, Cork. 
1892 Lombard, E. L., 25, Stockton Road, Chorlton- 

cum- Hardy, Manchester. 
1S92 Lombard, James Fitzgerald, J. P., M.R.I. A., 

South Hill, Upper Rathmines, Dublin. 

1894 Long, W. , Ballyferriter, Dingle, co. Kerry. 
1892 Longfield, Miss Letitia, Castlemary, Cloyne. 
1892 Longfield, Mountifort G., 5, Hatch Street, 


1895 Lumb, G. Denison, 65, Albion Street, Leeds. 
1895 Lynch, Rev. J. F., Caherconlish Rectory, 

Pallasgrean, co. Limerick. 
1S92 Lyons, Rev. John, P. P., St. Michael's, Macroom. 
1892 Lyster, Fred. L., 5, Newenham Terrace, Cork. 

1894 McCann, Charles, 52, Market Street, Newark, 

N. J., U.S.A. 
1892 McCarthy, Charles, 41, Paul Street, Cork. 
1892 McCarthy, I). A., M.D., F R.C.S.E., Bridport, 


1 89 1 McCarthy, E. V., 33, Cook Street, Cork. 

1892 McCarthy, John George, 3, Park View Terrace, 


1S92 McCarthy, Randall MacFinnin, Custom House, 

1892 McCarthy, Rev. I) , P.P., Ballincollig, Cork. 

1896 McCarthy, Rev. 1'.. P.P., Ballyheigue,co. Kerry. 

1892 McCarthy, Rev. Timothy, P.P., St. Mary's 
Presbytery, Barryroe, Timoleague. 

1892 McCarte, Mathew, 51, St. George's Hill, 
Everton, Liverpool. 

1892 McChesney, Joseph, m.r.s.a., Annaville, Holy- 
wood, co. Down. 

1895 McClure, John Wilfrid, 3, Mallow Street, 

1892 McDonnell, James, I, Camden Quay, Cork. 
[894 McFerran, Henry, Flax Mills, Millfield, Cork. 
1S92 McMahon, Morgan, 13, Cascade Street, Pad- 

dington, Sydney, N.S. Wales. 
1892 McMahon, W. EL, B.A., 7, Castle Street, Cork. 
1892 MacMullen, Alfred R., 5, George's Quay, Cork. 
1892 Macnamara, P. J, m.d., Sarsfield House, Kil- 

mallock, co. Limerick. 
1895 McNamara, Rev. Daniel. P.P., Glounthaune. 
1892 McNamara, Robert S.. 3, Sullivan's Quay, Cork 
1892 McS winey, Rev. Bryan, C.C, St. Peter and Paul's 

1S95 Maginn, Rev. C. A., m.a , M.R.S.A., Clonfert 

Rectory, Newmarket, co. Cork. 
1892 Magner, James 1"., M.D., Timoleague. 
1S95 Mahony, Bernard P. J., M.R.C.V.S., Annefield, 

1894 Mahony, Denis McCarthy, 13, Charlotte Qi >. 


1S91 Mahony,J.J.,M.R.s.A.j FortVillaSjQueenstown 

2, Clonard, Blackrock Road, 
Footscray, Victoria, 
High School, 

C. I.L.D., 46, 

1 89 1 Mahony, T. II 

I ork. 

1892 Manley, Rev. John, P.P. 


1891 Martin, Miss II. A., m.r.c.p., 

Sidney Place, Cork. 

1892 Martin, Rev. John W., A.M., 

co. Cork. 
1892 Mathew, Right Hon. Sir J. 

Queen's Gate Gardens, London, S.W. 

1894 Maunsell, W. H, Glandore, Skibbereen. 

1891 Meehan, feremiah, Cornmarket Street. Cork. 

1892 Michelli, William T., 61, South Mall, Cork. 

1895 Midleton, Right Hon. Viscount, Peper Harow, 

( iodalming, Surrey. 

1896 Miller, C. J., Charleville. 

1892 Milligan, Sea ton Forrest, M.R.I. A., f.r.s.a., 
Bank Buildings, Belfast. 

1S93 Milner-Barry, Rev. E, 16, Queen's 1' 
Endsleigh, Tunbridge Wells. 

1892 Mintern, Rev. J. J., c.c, The Lough, Cork. 

1892 Molloy, W. R., m.r.i a., f.r.s a., 17, Brook- 
field Terrace, Donnybrook, co. Dublin. 

1891 Moore, Rev. Canon Courtenay, m.a., m.r.s.a., 
The Rectory, Mitchelstown, co. Cork. 

1891 Moore, George M., m.r.s.a., 147 Sunday's Well 

Road, Cork. 

1892 Moore, John George, 91, South Mall, Cork. 

1892 Moore, William, m.r.s.a., Castle Mahor., 

Blackrock, Cork. 

1893 Moran, His Eminence Cardinal, Archbp. of 

Sidney, D. n. , m. R. i. a. , f. r. s. a. , Archbishop's 

House, Sidney, Australia. 
1892 Moriarty, Patrick, Mulgrave Road, Cork. 
1892 Morris, Rev. William Bullen, M.R.S.A., The 

Oratory, London, S.W. 
1892 Morris, William V., 34, Grand Parade, Cork. 
1892 Mulcahy, Rev. J, p. p, Timoleague. 

1592 Murphy, Conor, Port Costa, California, U.S.A. 

1891 Murphy, Francis, M.D., Finbar House, Lower 

Tottenham, London, \. 

1892 Murphy, J. [., 1 08, Patrick Street, Cork. 
1895 Murphy, J. W., Pembroke, South W; 

1895 Murphy, John ]., m.r.s.a., Culgreine, Ballin- 
temple, Cork. 

1593 Murphy, Sergt. ML, 2S3, Sheffield Avenue, 

1891 Murphy, Very Rev. Jeremiah Canon, D D., p.p., 

M.R.s. \.. Man 

1891 Murphy, William, 23. South Mall, Cork. 

1893 Murphy, William M, J.P., Dartry, Upper 

Rathmines, co I >ublin. 
1S92 Murray, Edward, Courthouse, Cork. 

1892 Nagle, Richard, 21, Rutland Square, Boston, 

Ma-.. U.S.A. 
1895 Nunn, Richard J., M.D., York Street, Savannah, 

■;.i, L'.S.A. 

1894 O'Brien, Daniel, West Park, Glasnevin, 

1S92 O'Callaghan, M. L, 14, Drumcondra Road 

Lower, I lublin. 
1S92 O'Callaghan, Most Rev. T. A., d.d.,0.p., I 

m icesan C 

Farrenferris, Cork. 
1S95 O'Callaghan, Rev. T. M., c.c. .The Presbytery, 




1802" O'Connell, John (Managing Director John Daly 
and Co. Ltd.) 13, North Main Street, Cork. 

1892 O'Connell, John A. , Sculptor, 49, Lower Glan- 
mire Road, Cork. 

189^ O'Connell, P.,M D., 339, South Centre Avenue, 
Chicago, 111., U.S.A. 

1892 O'Connor, Anthony, 39, Merrion Square, 


1593 O'Connor, Rev. Cornelius S., C.C., Mitchels- 

town, co. Cork. 

1893 O'Connor, Rev. John, p.p., Schull, co. Cork. 
1893 O'Donovan, M.A., J. P., F.R.S.A., Liss Aid, 


1892 O'Donoghue, Rev. Denis, p.p. m.r.i. A, Ardfert, 

co. Kerry. 

1594 O'Driscoll, D. M., Western Union Telegraph 

Co., Charleston, S.C., U.S.A. 

1893 O'Farrell, Edward, B.L., Beechlands, Shankill, 

co. Dublin. 
1892 O'Flanagan, J. R., B.L., Avondhu Grange, 

1S96 O'Geran, Miss, Bella Vista, Queenstown. 
1 S92 Og'd vie, James, j. P. , M. R. I. A. , F. 1. 1. , The Grove, 

1895 Ogilvie, P. W., Glenarm, Lower Glanmire 

road, Cork. 
1892 O'Grady, Miss, Aghamarta, Carrigaline, co. 

1892 O'KeefTe, John, City Waterworks, Cork. 
1892 O'KeefTe, Rev. John, P.P., Meelin, Newmarket, 

co. Cork. 
1 892 O'KeefTe, Stephen M. Lanigan, J.P., B.L., 

M.R.I. A., Delville, Glasnevin, co. Dublin. 
1895 O'Leary, D. A , Kilbolane Cottage, Newtown, 

1892 O'Leary, D. J., Munster and Leinster Bank, 


1892 O'Leary, John, M.R.S.A, Lonsdale, St. Laurence 

Road, Clontarf, Dublin. 
1895 O'Mahony, F. McCarthy, M. & L Bank, South 

Mall, Cork. 
1S92 O'Mahony, John, m.r.s.a., 22, College Green, 


1893 O'Mahony, Rev. Br. J. A., Christian Bros., 

North Richmond Street, Dublin. 
1892 O'Mullane, John, Lee View Place, Sunday's 

Well Road, Cork. 
1892 O'Neill, Capt. F., Depart, of Police, Matson 

Street, Chicago. 
1892 O'Neill, Rev. Patrick, p.p., Tracton, Minane 

Bridge, co. Cork. 
1895 O'Regan, Very Rev. P.D., p.p., v.g., Dean of 

Cloyne, Mitchelstown. 

1892 O'Riordan, Rev. J., c.c, Cloyne, co. Cork. 

1894 O'Riordan, William, 12, North Main Street, 

1894 O'Shaughnessy, F. , 1, Hanover Place, Cork. 
1894 O'Shea, Patrick, Glengarriff, co. Cork. 

1893 O'Shea, William, 58, Grattan Street, Cork. 
1892 O'Sullivan, D. A., m.d., 43, Leyland Road, 

1892 O'Sullivan, Jeremiah, MasterCork Union, Cork. 
1892 O'Sullivan, Miss M., Summercove, Kinsale. 
1892 O'Sullivan, Rev. Timothy, Burditt Lodge, 

1 lounslow, Middlesex. 

Parker, Rev. J. A., p. p., 46, Kenilworth Street, 


1893 Parker, T., Georgetown, Queensland, Australia. 

1893 Penrose, Sir George, J. P., Bachelors Quay, Cork. 

1892 Peyton, Mrs., 17, Waterloo Place, Cork. 

1893 Pigott, Joseph, m.r.s.a., 36, Marlboro' Street, 

1S93 Pigott, Captain William Jackson, Manor House 

Dundrum, county Down. 
1892 Plunkett, Count G. N., B.L., m.r.i. A., 26, 

Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin. 

1894 Power, Rev. P., C.C, Cathedral, Waterford. 
1892 Prendergast, William, Long Quay, Kinsale. 

1892 Quain, Sir Richard, bart., m.d., LCD., F.R.S., 

67, Harley Street, London, W. 
1896 Queen's College Library, Cork. 

1892 Rapmund, Rev. Joseph, c.c, m.r.s.a., Sally- 
mount, Clogher, co. Tyrone. 

1892 Reeves, Miss, Tramore, Douglas, Cork. 

1892 Ridgeway, Professor William, M.A., M.R.S.A., 
Fen Ditton, Cambridge 

1894 Ring, Rev. P., c.c, Dromana, Charleville. 

1895 Roberts, Colonel Howland, 31, Argyll Road, 

London, W. 
1S92 Robinson, John H. , m.r.s.a., Munster and 
Leinster Bank, South Mall, Cork. 

1892 Robertson, William, j. p., Netherleigh, Strand- 

town, Belfast. 

1893 Roche, Aid. Augustine, J. P., 73, Douglas Street, 

1892 Roche, Rev. P. A., c.c, St. Peter and Paul's, 

1892 Roche, Pierce, Cork Library, Pembroke Street, 

1892 Ronayne, Charles, m.d., South Abbey, Youghal. 
1892 Royal Munster Fusiliers, Sergeants' Mess, 

1892 Roycroft, T. R., Bellvue, Skibbereen. 

1892 Ruby, Rev. H. E., Brighton Villa, Western 

Road, Cork. 

1895 Russell, Ebenezer, Collector of Customs, Har- 


1896 Russell, Very Rev. Dr.,O.P.,Collegio do Corpo 

Santo, Lisbon, Portugal. 

1893 Ryan, Rev. Br. D. J., Christian Bros., Empress 

Place, Cork. 
1892 Ryan, Rev. J. C, O.P., College of St. Thomas 

of Aquin, Newbridge. 
1892 Ryan, Timothy, 50, Catherine Street, Limerick. 
1892 Rye, Captain Richard Tonson, d.l. , Ryecourt 


1894 Sanders, RobertJ. P. , Sanders Park, Charleville, 

co. Cork. 
1892 Sandford, A. W., M.D., 13, St. Patrick's Place, 


1892 Sargent, R. E., Bank of Ireland, Bandon. 
1891 Scott, Sir John Harley, J.P., Knockrea House, 


1 89 1 Sheehan, Most Rev. Richard Alphonsus, D.D., 

Lord Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, 
f.r.s.a., Bishop's House, John's Hill, 
Waterford {President 1891-1893). 

1893 Sheehy, Rev. John J., St. Margaret's, Stanley 

Street, Kenning Park, Glasgow. 

1892 Sherlock, George K., Sessional Crown Solicitor 

South Main Street, Bandon. 




1892 Shine, John W. , Sault St. Marie's, Michigan, 


1893 Shine, Surgeon-Captain J. M. P., A. M.S., 

Corradino House, Malta. 

1892 Sisk, John, Cove Street, Cork. 

1893 Sisk, Rev. James, Adm. , Fermoy. 

1892 Slattery, James W., m.a., ll.d., President 

Queen's College, Cork. 
1892 Smith, C. O'K., 1, Rockspring Terrace, Cork. 
1892 Smith-Barry, Arthur H., j.p., o.l., m.p. , 

F.R.s.A., Fota, Cork. 
1892 Spillane, M. D., 19, Pine Street, Cork. 
1892 Star, L. G., Captain S.S. "Juno,"' 13 York 

Crescent Road, Clifton, Bristol. 
1892 Stanton, Patrick, Elmgrove Terrace, Evergreen, 

1896 Stechert, G. E., 30, Wellington Street, Strand, 

London, W.C. 
1896 Stubbs, Major-General Francis, r.a. (ret.), 

2, Clarence Terrace, St. Luke's, Cork. 

1895 Sullivan, Hon. J. H., 199, Webster Street, 

E. Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 
1892 Sullivan, Sir Edward, bart., B.A., m.r.s.A., 

32, Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin. 
1802 Sullivan, Timothy Daniel, I, Belvidere Place, 

1892 Sunner, A. II., l'irhill House, Monkstown, 

1S94 Supreme Council, 33rd deg., 433 Third Street, 

X.W. Washington, U.S.A. 
1S92 Swanston, William, Queen Street, Belfast. 

1896 Swanzy, Rev. Henry, m.a., Castlemagner 

Glebe, Cecilstown, co. Cork. 
1892 Synan, Edmund, Charleville, co. Cork. 

1892 Tenison, Chas. MacCarthy, B.L., M.R.I. A., 
F.R.S.A., J. P., Hobart, Tasmania. 

1892 Tivy, Henry L., m.r.s.A., Elmcourt, Blackrock, 

1892 Townsend, Edward R., M.D., St. Patrick's Hill, 

1892 Townsend, Horace II., j.p., 9, Crescent, 

1S92 Townshend, Captain Horace, Courtmacsherry, 

co. Cork. 
1S92 Townshend, Miss Payne, Derry, Rosscarbery, 

co. Cork. 
1S92 Townshend, R. B., 80, Woodstock Road, 


1893 Traheme, Cecil, 5, Coleherne Terrace, Earl's 

Court, London, S.W. 
1S95 Travels, Miss, 9, Kingston College, Mitchels- 


1893 Trinity College Library, Dublin. 
1892 Tuohy, E., 4, North Mall, Cork. 
1892 Tuohy, P. J., B.L., m.r.s.A., Secretary Board of 
Works, Custom House, Dublin. 

1893 University Library, Edinburgh. 

1894 Uniacke-FitzGerald, Rev. R., m.a., Tandridgc 

Vicarage, Godstone, Surrey. 

1893 Uniacke-FitzGerald, R. G., p. A. (Oxon), 

F.R.S.A., 16, Tite Street, Chelsea, London, 

1894 Ussher, Richard J., J.P., m.r.s.A., Cappagh 

House, Cappagh, Lismore. 

1892 Vigors, Colonel Philip D., f. r.s.a., j.p. , IIol- 
loden, Bagenalstown, co. Carlo w. 

1892 Vinycomb, John, M.R.I. A., F.R A.S., Riverside, 
Holy wood, co. Down. 

1891 Walker, Robert, J.P., A.M.I. C.E., P.P.S.A., 

17, South Mall, Cork. 

1892 Walsh J., Cavendish Quay, Bandon. 

1892 Walsh, M., Kensington, High Street, London, W. 

1892 Webb, Arthur, Wilton, Mallow. 

1892 Webber, Fred., 433, Third St reel, X.W. 

Washington, Dist. Columbia, U.S.A. 
1892 Welply, J. J., M.D., Bandon. 

1891 White, John M., 1, Hawthorne Place, College 

Road, Cork. 

1892 White. Commander Hans Fell, R.N., Spring- 

fort Hall, Mallow. 
1892 White, Major J. Grove, M.r.s.A., J.p., Kil- 

byrne, Doneraile, Cork. 
1892 White, Thomas, Ballinascarthy. Clonakilty. 
1S91 Whitelegge, Rev. W., m.a., Ballinlough, 

Blackrock, Cork. 

1891 Williams, K. B., Brookside, Mallow. 

1892 W T ilson, E. D. J., Airlie House, The Grove, 

Denmark Hill, London, S.E. 
1892 Wilson, James, 26, Grand Parade, Cork. 

1891 Woods, Cecil Crawford, F.R.S.A., 7, Dyke 

Parade, Cork. 

1892 Woods, Miss, 8, Dyke Parade, Cork. 

1892 Woollcombe, Robert Lloyd, M.A., LL.D., 
P. I. INST., F.S.S., M.R.I.A., F.R.S.A., B.L., 
14, Waterloo Road, Dublin. 

1892 Young, Robert, B.A., j.p., m k.i.a., m. 
Donegal Square, Belfast. 

Second Series. — Vol II., No. 13.] 

[January, i! 

~~~ \ ^ 




Cork Historical & Arch^ological 


1st jMuskerry Cavalry. 

Notes from the Orderly Book of the First T?'oop of the Muskerry Legion of Yeomanry 

Cavalry, 1796. 

By ROBERT DAY, F.S.A., President. 

AM indebted to the courtesy of George and Morgan 
Gallwey, esqrs., for the loan of the manuscript whose 
title heads this paper. The writing in many places 
has become so faint that it can scarcely be deciphered, 
and will soon, from the character of the ink, be alto- 
gether illegible ; it is therefore all the more important 
to preserve the main features of its records in the 
pages of this Journal. The muster roll of the officers and men forming 
the troop was fixed by the Lord Lieutenant in the following letter 
dated — 

" Dublin Castle, 

10/// September, 1803. 
Sir — I am commanded by the Lord Lieutenant to acquaint you that His Excellency 
has been pleased to fix the establishment of the Muskerry Legion First Troop Corps 
of Yeomanry Cavalry under your command, at the numbers stated in the margin. 
Instructions have been issued accordingly to the respective officers of ordinance. 

Signed, E. B. Littlehales. 

To A. Warren, esq., Captain Muskerry Legion 1st Troop." 


Permanent Sergeant . . 

Trumpeter or Drummer 
Mounted Men 



The book commences with a list of the men and the dates of their 
enrollment, and embodies a record of each day's work down to February 
24th, 1806, when it abruptly ends. A few extracts will show in what 
consisted the daily routine of the mounted Yeoman's life during the first 
year of the present century. Banded together in October, 1796, their 
roll call numbered forty-four, when, in the following December, the 
French made their descent on Bantry and struck terror and alarm into 
the peaceful inhabitants of the city and county of Cork, which practi- 
cally undefended was alone preserved by the providential interposition 
of the Almighty from the inroads of a foreign and hostile soldiery. 
The names of those who formed this troop are eminently representative ; 
men of equally good family were found in the ranks of the troop as 
among those who were their chosen and elected leaders. The duties 
that they were called upon to perform consisted chiefly in patrolling the 
country at night, acting as peace officers in bringing law-breakers to 
justice, carrying despatches from their head-quarters in Macroom to 
Cork, at one extremity, and to Bantry at the other, and by daily 
exercise and drill keeping themselves in a state of such soldierly 
efficiency that their services were counted by the Government for 
foreign duty. Here follows a list of the troop — 

Name and Rank. 

A. Warren, capt. 
Samuel Swete, capt. 
Samuel Baldwin, 1st lieut. 
Thos. J. Coppinger, 2nd lieut. 
Walter McCarthy, P.S. 
William Boyle, 2nd sergt. 
Robert McCarthy, 3rd sergt. 
Richard Barter, corpl. 
Call. McCarthy, private 
Henry Lindsey 
James B. Barry 
James Barry 
John Good 
Thomas Good 
John Colthurst 


When Admitted. 

When Attested. 

. . Warrenscourt 

October, 1796 

. October, 1796. 

. . Greenville 



. . Dromkeen 

June, 1800 

. June, 1800. 

. . Carhue 

October, 1796(1) . 

. October, 1796. 

. . Macroom 

July, 1798(0 

■ July, 179S- 

. . Boyle Grove 

October, 1796 

. October, 1796. 

. . Macroom 

June, 1798 

. June, 1798. 

. . Dromkeen 

October, 1796 

. October, 1796. 

. . Stickstown 



. . Peake 





. . Kilbarry 



. Crossmahon 



. Ardnanee 



. . Dripsey Castle 



(')Then a private. 



Name and Rank. 


When Admitted. 

When Attested. 

Robert Travers, private 

. Dripsey 

October, 1796 

. October, 1796. 

Corliss Hawkes ,, 

. Carhue 



J. Williams „ 

. Macroom 



J. Williams, jun. ,, 

. Yew Hill 



Paul Horgan „ 

. Carrigagully 



J. F. Whitney 

. Mount Rivers 



Richard Radley ,, 

. Knockroan 



Abraham Cross „ 

. Shandy Hall 



Matthew Minhear 

. Rocklee 



. June, 1798. 

Richard Ashe ,, 

. Ashgrove 



• July, 1798. 

John Larymore ,, 

. Gurteen 



Epinetus FitzGibbon ,, 

. Shandy Hall 


1 801 

. . June, 1 801. 

Anthony Woodley „ 

. Dromkeen 



Thomas Radley ,, 

. Knockroan 



• July, 1803. 

Thomas O. Mocher „ 

. Macroomp 




Michael Williams ,, 

. Currihy 




Peter Williams 

. Macroom 

September, 1803 

. September, 1803 

Henry Cavendish ,, 




. July, 1803. 

John Pearson ,, 

. Mount Cross 

September, 1803 

. September, 1803 

Basil Orpen „ 

. Macroom 



John E. Orpen ,, 

. Gorteenroe 



Thos. S. Coppinger ,, 

. Leemount 


• Do. 

Wood Johnson ,, 

. Bratown 



Walter Baldwin „ 

. Clohinco 



George Sullivan ,, 

. Rossnascalp 



George Thornhill „ 

. Bohemia 



Timothy Horgan „ 

. . Carrigagully 



Denis Horgan „ 




James Williams ,, 

. Currihy 



Robert Ashe „ 

. Ashgrove 



John Leader „ 

. . Ilecale 



John Barter ,, 

. Macroom 



William Grainger „ 

. Rockville 



Edward Barret ,, 

. Carrigbuee 



Alex. Larrymore ,, 

. Saintfield 



Thomas Lindsay ,, 

. Peak 

January, 1804 

. January, 1S04. 

John Barrett, jun. 

. Carrigbuee 



D. Murphy ,, 

. Macroomp 

September, 1S03. 

. September, 1803. 

Thomas Swetman ,, 

. Kilglass 



Edward Grainger ,, 

. Kilbarry 



John Donovan ,, 

. Kilbarry 



D. Murphy ,, 

. (Name illegible) October, 1796 . 

October, 1796 

John Huffman ,, 

. Macroom 



July, 1803. 

The following letter written by Captain Warren, and the reply to it 
from his troop, reflects the brotherly kindliness and esteem in which 
each mutually held the other. It tells how the officers were selected by 
vote from among themselves, and how in this case the troop having by 


a majority of votes elected Mr. Holland as their second lieutenant, he, 
feeling that it would tend to the greater harmony and efficiency of the 
corps, waived his right to election, and gave to the members a power to 
ballot again, when Mr. Thomas Coppinger was chosen. 

"Sunday, ind October, 1803. 
To the Gentlemen of the First Troop. 
Gentlemen, — It has ever been my wish to live in friendship and good-will with all 
mankind, and in particular with the gentlemen of my own country; the length of time 
which our Corps has subsisted and the numerous exertions we have made together to 
preserve the peace and tranquillity of our neighbourhood, and bring to justice those 
who were guilty of the greatest crimes against society, have served to increase those 
ties of mutual regard and esteem for which the Muskerry Corps has been remarkable. 
I can with truth say that neither religious or party disputes have ever crept amongst 
us, and had either appeared I would have been the first to have crushed it. There 
now seems to be something arising which might disturb our harmony. I think it my 
duty, as well as you all know it is my inclination to prevent it in the bud, we will not 
agitate our minds with argument. I know you all too well to suppose for a moment 
you will return to me a man who is not fully qualified to undertake the honourable 
and arduous situation of an officer, and I shall feel as much pleasure in giving my 
approbation and recommendation of the man of your choice as I would in having in 
myself the sole nomination of him. With these sentiments you will agree with me, 
that from my experience of the gentlemen of the troop I would be censurable if I 
did not point out to themselves a man whose best exertions, ever since the formation 
of our corps, have been most cheerfully given for the advantages of the troop and for 
the service of the country. With your permission I will name him, Mr. Thomas 
Coppinger. If he meets your approbation and is returned by you to me, it will give 
me real pleasure in recommending a man of merit, which is, and ought to be, the first 
consideration in the nomination of an officer. I came here to attend General Myers 
before he quitted our district, but am prevented seeing him by his very sudden 
departure for his situation at Athlone, under the special order of Government. I am 
now waiting in the name of the Muskerry Cavalry to pay my respects to General 
Campbell, who succeeds General Myers, and as I cannot have an audience of him 
before twelve o'clock, I think it right to communicate my sentiments to you as early as 
possible on the business which is appointed for this day on parade. When that is 
over I beg leave to lay before you the heads of an address to our favourite general and 
friend on his departure. Should it meet your approbation, you will let me have it as 
soon as you can that I may transmit it to him. 

I am, gentlemen, with the highest respect, 

Your very humble servant, 

A. Warren, c.m.l. 
Cork, Sunday, October 2nd, 1803. 


Sir,— We are concerned that we could not have the pleasure of seeing you here 
to-day, and are happy to inform you that your kind and conciliatory letter has made 
your old troop singularly happy, and in order to meet your wishes and pay you every 
compliment in our power, Mr. Holland, in a very handsome manner, has given to the 
members of it the power to ballot again for a second lieutenant, which is to be brought 


forward on Sunday next, and we also agree to and fully approve the address to 

General Myers. We have the honor to remain, &c, &c, 

ist Troop M. L. 

By an order dated November 29, 1803, the route of intelligence from 
Limerick to Bantry and Berehaven was — 

■imerick, by Croom, to Charleville 



12th Dragoons from Mallow 

To Liscarroll 




To Kanturk 



Longueville Cavalry 

To Millstreet 




To Macroom 



Muskerry Legion 

To Bantry 




To Berehaven 

1 1 


Lord Bantry's Cavalry. 

At this time one half of the Muskerry Legion were on permanent 
duty, one officer and one-third of that number being stationed at Inchi- 
geela, the remainder quartered at Macroom. Their drill sergeant was 
Mr. Knolles, who, after completing the drill of Mr Hedge's Corps, was 
transferred to the Muskerry Troop. 

On January 24th, 1804, Major-General Sir Eyre Coote arrived in Cork 
and took over the command of the South-West District from General 
Myers, who addressed the Muskerry Legion and Yeomanry as follows : — 

" In leaving the important command of this district, I feel great satisfaction in 
conveying to the Yeomanry the high sense I entertain of their exertions, improvement 
and discipline, actuated, as they have been, by the noblest of motives — the protection of 
their Sovereign and the defence of their country from foreign and internal enemies. In 
such a cause a corps of men so determined must be successful should the enemy 
attempt their shores. It is needless to call to their recollection that on this side of 
Heaven there is but one United Kingdom of liberty and independence. This is the 
trust committed to their charge ; this is the motive which has called them to the field." 

In April, 1804, a letter was laid before the troop by Captain Warren, 
from Sir E. Xepean, in which they were asked if they would volunteer 
for foreign service, to which Captain Swete sent the following reply : — 

" Dear Sir, — I have laid before my troop Sir Evan Nepean's letter, with which 
you favoured me this morning, and I am instructed by them to acquaint you, for the 
information of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, that they are resolved to continue 
their services upon the same terms on which they at first associated in arms and have 
since given them, viz. : for the preservation of the peace of their district, which they 
are bold to say, though their district is extensive and has been principally left to their 
care for seven or eight years back, they had the happiness to effect. They beg leave, at 
the same time, to assure his Excellency that their not volunteering to go out of their 
district at present does not arise from any hesitation or tardiness on their part to come 
forward to meet the enemies of their King and country, wherever they may appear, but 
solely springs from their anxiety to watch over and guard their families and properties, 
which are tolerably extensive, and to the protection of which they humbly conceive ten 
times their number of any other species of his Majesty's forces may not be equally 
competent. I am, &c. Samuel Swete.'' 


The parade ground of the Muskerry Cavalry and Infantry was 
Carrigadrohid, and here their monthly inspection took place, to which 
they were summoned by letter. Here is one such dated June i, 1805— 

" Lieut. -Colonel Morrison's compliments to Captain Comt- Warren, and begs he will 
have the goodness to have the Muskerry Legion, under his command, under arms at 
Carrigadrohid, at 12 o'clock on Wednesday, the 12th of June, for his monthly inspec- 
tion, and to fire three rounds of blank cartridge per man, which will be obtained in 
Cork by applying to the Adjutant-General. 

Cork,Ju?ie 1, 1805." 

The major part of this book is written by Sergeant Walter McCarthy, 
who devotes nearly half its pages to letters of instruction from Dublin 
Castle and Cork. The remainder contains a diary, and records the 
events of each day from August 1st, 1803, to February, 24th, 1806. A 
few of these daily records will be sufficient to show what the duties of the 
Yeomanry really were, and how they resembled those now so ably and 
efficiently performed by the Royal Irish Constabulary. 

"August 1, 1803. This day received a letter from B. Major Fenton, ordering the 
Muskerry Corps upon permanent duty at whatever place or advance post the captain 
may deem most useful to the service ; also requiring a return of the state of the arms, 
ammunition, etc., and to be forthwith made to General Myers, which was accordingly 
done. The captain ordered out one lieutenant and twenty privates into Nettleville 
Barracks, the remainder of the corps into Macroom. The captain ordered a patrol of a 
sergeant and ten men to scour the country every night if necessary. 

" August yd. The patrole were out last night and found all quiet and orderly. 

"August jth. The patrole were out and took up four disorderly strangers from 
Bantry, they said, but could give no account of themselves. Lodged them in bridewell. 

" August 1 \t/i. Sent off a party with prisoners to Cork, who brought back 

1,056 pistol I 
o.„ ,. i ammunition 

843 musquet | 

Also 4 pistols, 88 pistol flints, 86 musquet do. 

Received letter from B. Major Fenton, dated 3rd inst., ordering to secure the Pass at 
Hullsville, by orders of General Myers, which was done before ; also apprising Captain 
Warren that his offer to y e Ld Lieutenant of augmenting his troop to 60 privates, of 
raising a second troop of the same number, also a corps of Infantry of like numbers, 
being accepted of, and the B. Major arrived on his return from Bantry whither he was 
then proceeding by orders of Gen' Myers to inspect the entire corps, mounted and 

"August iy/i. Some of the -gentlemen not having attended to go express escort 
according to their turn on the roaster, I do hereby order henceforward that any 
gentleman who is not ready to go on his duty shall be fined one week's pay — which 
shall go to the person next on the roaster who does his duty — for the first offence, and 
double that fine, say a fortnight's pay, for every other offence. 

A. W. [Augustus Warren.] 

It is my particular order that the officer commanding the garrison shall give no 
leave of absence to any gentleman except in some case of sudden necessity, and in no 
case that he has less than twelve privates on guard. That the guard shall parade 
.very evening, mounted, at half-past seven p.m. A. W." 


"August \6th. Patroled. A prisoner brought in, a rioter, and lodged in bridewell." 

The next page is of more than usual interest to Muskerry families, as 
it has the autograph signatures of the ancestors of many who are still 
resident in the district and whose names are like household words in the 
county Cork. Each of these gentlemen upon receiving a certain amount 
of ammunition acknowledged it thus — 

" We, the undersigned members of the Muskerry, acknowledged to have received 
from Sergeant MacCarthy ten rounds of Pistol Ball Cartridge for which we will be 
accountable to Captain Warren. Macroom, August iSt/i, 1803. 

J. Pearson 

Cal McCarthy 


Walt. McCarthy 

Pall Horgan 

Jams b. Barry 

Thos Radley 


John Emanl Orpen 

Matt Minhear 


Henry Cavendish 

Danl F. Leader 


James Barry 


W'j Boyle, c.p. 

J. Pearson- 


John Williams, j k - 

Paul Morgan 


Anthv Woodley 


An thy Woodley 


Richd Ashe 


Thos S. Good 


S a ml' Baldwin 


Matt Minhear 


Jn. Colthurst 


Henry Lindsey 

Richd Barter 

Dan' Horgan 

Thoms O'Herlihy 

Richd Ashe 

M. Williams 

Rout McCarthy 

Corliss Hawkes 

"August iSt/i. Went to Cork and brought home the arms and ammunition, etc., etc., 
for the second troop and infantry. 

"Atigust 25///. Received an express from Nettleville, 9 o'clock a.m., to be forwarded 
to Capt- Wallis, Millstreet, which was carried by J. Williams and Jno. Williams, jr., 
and delivered by them at 4 o'clock p.m. 

"September $th. Went out on information with the guard and took ten men in the 
parish of Donoughmore, charged with the burning of eight houses in that neighbour- 
hood on the night of the 3rd inst., and lodged them in Macroom Bridewell. 

"September St/i. Liberated three of the prisoners taken on the 5th inst., not having 
sufficient information against them. Escorted the seven other prisoners to Cork the 
same day, and lodged them in the County Gaol. 

"September 22nd. The first troop went to parade and elected Samuel Swete, esq., 
captain of the first troop, Sam'- Baldwin 1st lieutenant, and Sergeant Holland, 2nd lieut. 
The undernamed gentlemen of the first troop joined the 2nd troop— Epinetus Crook- 
Henry Rubie, W*m- Crook, John R. Coppinger, John Gollock, Thos. O'Herlihy, Francis 
Carey, Nich s - White, Rich d - Splaine. 

" October St/i. John Leader was balloted for and admitted unanimously. 

" October yth. The first troop paraded in Macroom and balloted for a second 
lieutenant, when Thos. J. Coppinger was unanimously elected and admitted. 

Nicholas White left the 1st troop and joined the 2nd troop. 

" October \\th. Paraded in the morning, and sent off summons to such of the corps 
as were about to go on an excursion. 

At six o'clock set off with the following detachment, being reinforced in Millstreet 
by Captain Wallis and 10 of his corps on the representation of a man who promised 


'lisrfef. x ,/X«'/~ ^ — 

i d Facsimile of Pace ok Orderly Book coi'ied in preceding tage. 


to show us a depot of upwards of three hundred stand of arms of different kinds, near 
Killorglin, twenty miles north-west of Killarney, in ye county Kerry. Arrived at the 
spot at daybreak next morning, found the cave, but the arms were removed. Many of 
those who went returned to Killarney and staid there one night ; came home through 

Here follow the names of the gentlemen who went to the county- 
Kerry, and the amount of their " travelling expenses " — 

"Captain Swete, Sergeant McCarthy, Corporal Barter, Corporal McCarthy, Henry 
Lindsay, James Barry, Thomas Good, Cornelius Hawkes, John Williams, Paul Horgan, 
Mathevv Minhear, Walter McCarthy, Richard Ashe, Anthony Woodley, Thomas Radley, 
Thomas O'Meagher, Michael Williams, Henry Cavendish, John Pearson, Daniel 

The amount of the hotel bill, etc., at Millstreet was . . £3 9 2 

at Killarney . . 15 14 5^ 

Total . . ,£19 3 7\ 
The amount of their expenses at Macroom ' the night we returned ' is left blank" 
" October 22/id. The first troop met on parade this day in consequence of an alarm 
that spread that the French landed near Sligo. Richard Splaine left the first and 
joined the second troop. 

"October 2\th. Received orders, dated Dublin Castle, 15 Oct., 1S03, allowing two 
guineas per man to the corps for new clothing. Signed, ' E. B. Littlehales.' 

" October 26th. The troop paraded and exercised. John Barter and W"»- Grainger 
admitted. Edwu- Barrett and A. Larimore were balloted for and admitted. 
" October 51st. Copy of letter from the B. Major — 

' Kinsale, Nov. 1st, 1S03. 
My Dear Sir, — You will be pleased to cause the Muskerry Legion Corps of 
cavalry and infantry, under your command, to be under arms at 12 of the clock on 
Saturday next, the 5th inst., for their monthly inspection. Yours &c, 

Thomas Temple Fenton, B. Major.' 
"November 26th, 1803. The Muskerry Legion, cavalry and infantry, were inspected 
by B. Major Fenton in Macroom. 

Field return made to the Brigade Major — 

2 captains 2 sergeants 

2 lieutenants 32 rank and file 

1 trumpeter 14 absent on leave 

It was unanimously resolved and agreed that there should be a fine of 3/9! on every 
member that would be absent on Thursdays, which is to be the general parade day in 
every week. 

"November 28///. Lieut. Coppinger, with a sergeant and twelve men of the 1st troop 
went about two o'clock in the morning and apprehended seven men for house burning 
and lodged them in the co. Gaol." 

Here a correspondence occurs arising out of an order from Capt' 1 - 
Warren, in which he requests Lieutenant Coppinger to escort a deserter 
of the 1 6th Regiment from Millstreet to Bandon. That officer refuses 
because it is not the duty of the cavalry, and the deserter is, in conse- 
quence, handed over to four privates of the M. L. Infantry. 


" January 14///, 1S04. Four o'clock a.m. — Received from one of the 12th Dragoons 
from Mallow a packet for Admiral Sir R. Calder, Bantry. The same day Matt. Minhear 
and Richd- Ashe went express with the above packet to Dunmanway and delivered it 
at seven o'clock to Sergt. Rutledge of the 12th Dragoons. 

"January ibth. This day the first troop paraded with new clothing at Carriga- 
drohid. Captain Warren proposed the following young men to be members of the 
1st troop, and was seconded by Lieut. Coppinger : — Thos. Lindsay, John Barrett, junr-, 
Cornelius Delany, Maurice Lane, John Lane, Edward Grainger. To be called for next 
parade day. 

"January 50I/1. Two of those proposed on the 26th were admitted, viz., Thos. 
Lindsay and J no. Barrett, j 1 '- 

" February gf/i. Henry Cavendish went to Dublin. Woods Johnson in his 

"February 16th. Mr. John Leader sent in his letter of resignation. 

"February 22nd. Robert McCarthy appointed agent of the troop. 

" February 2\th. Received from a detachment of the Millstreet cavalry two French 
prisoners to be escorted to Cork, and paid the corporal of the detachment ^1 14s. i|d. 
expenses attending the conveyance of said prisoners from Killarney to Macroom as per 
route. Thomas S. Maher went express to Captain Swete to inform him of the arrival 
of the above prisoners, and brought orders to have them sent to-morrow to Magourney 
barracks, escorted by a corporal and four, namely, Rob. McCarthy, Matt w - Minhear, 
Richard Ashe, George Thornhill, Jno. Pearson. 

"April 2\th. Henry Cavendish quitted the 1st troop and joined the infantry. 

"July \%th. Robt. McCarthy went express to Cork with a packet from General Floyd 
for General Sir Eyre Coote. N.B. — This packet was received at five o'clock a.m. from 
a Millstreet yeoman, and sent off at half-past five a.m. 

"July 16I/1. Paul Horgan went express to Cork at night with a dispatch from 
General Payne, Limerick, for Captain Butcher, (2) of the Royal Navy. Received dispatch 
from a Kenmare yeoman at half-past ten and sent it off at eleven. 

"August 4//1. Richard Radley sent in his resignation and arms, viz., a sword 
and pistol. N.B. — He took them back again. 

"November 21st. Wm. Minhear and John Orpen were balloted for and admitted 
members of the 1st troop. 

"December 20th. Mr. Mich 1 - Rogers was balloted for and admitted a member of the 
1st troop of M. L. 

"April iph, 1805. Balloted at the guard-room for the following members, who 
were unanimously admitted : — Thos. Barter, John Johnson, Ben. Swete. 

" April 28///. James Boyle balloted for and admitted a member 1st troop M. L. 

'■ May 2nd, 1805. Reed- from M. FitzGibbon Mr. A 1 ™. Cross's sword. Nothing 

" May 31s/. James B. Barry's sword and pistol were sent in by Richd. Radley. 

"June \2tl1. Received from Captain Com*- Warren ^101 17s, the pay of the first 
troop for the months ending 24th February and 24th March, 1805. 

"June 22nd. Dan Horgan sent in his arms, viz., a carbine, a bayonet, a pistol. 
No buckt- strap or cartridge box. 

"July 14///. John Good, jun^, and Henry Cavendish balloted for, and admitted 

) Afterwards Admiral Butcher. I remember, when a very small boy, sitting on his knee 
at Glenbrook and listening to his stories. His family are still represented in Cork. 


1 I 

" September 22nd. Received from the magazine, Cork : 

306 rounds ball cartridge 

816 ,, blank ,, 

102 flints 
" October zoth. Edward Barrett, sen'-, balloted for, and unanimously admitted. 
" February i\tli, 1S06. Received from Charles Fort, Kinsale : 

380 rounds ball cartridge 

146 carbine and pistol flints 
"March 24//1. Mr. Charles Crofts was balloted for and admitted." 

And here follows the last entry in the book : 

" The Legion was inspected at Carrigadrohid by Major Fenton, March 24th, 1806, 
and March 25th, 1806." 

When it was disbanded I am unable to say, but Mr. Herbert Webb 
Gillman, whose home is in Muskerry, and whose ancestor was a member 
of the 2nd troop of the Muskerry Legion, has kindly promised to supple- 
ment this notice of the first troop from family papers and records in his 

(To be continued.) 

Che i^ise and progress in jYiunster oj the 
Rebellion, 1642. 

(From a Manuscript in the British Museum.) 

Edited by HERBERT WEBB GILLMAN, B.L., Vice-President. 


0\\ , the poor townspeople of Men-alloc thought it very 
feasible for them to keep man)' of the stone houses, if 
the enemy should not exceed two to three hundred, 
by placing three or six musketeers in every of them, 
and by planking the windows, and making spike-holes 
for shooting. And with that intention they brought 
much of their goods, which were bulk)-, especial 1)- corn 
in great abundance, into the houses, and sent to the Great Castle their 
choicest goods, and such as were most portable. But so soon as they 
saw that the " monstrum^ horrendum^ deforme ingens" was like to fall on 
them, the)- quit those houses and went into the Great Castle, leaving 

(0 sEneid, bk. iii. verse 658. The desire of the writer of the manuscript to air 
his knowledge of Latin has been previously noticed. In this case he misquotes Virgil, 
deforme for in forme. His quotation would not scan. 


much of their movables and provisions behind them ; only some persons 
of good estate and esteem kept a stone house about the middle of the 
town, wherein they with their families were engaged, being taken on the 
sudden and having no time to remove themselves and their domestics 
thence. By this time is the General returned from his hunting out of 
the park, and all the army drawn together in one body on the hill. At 
their first coming to which, they, in a great bravado, made as though 
they would plant the small piece of artillery they brought with them, 
whose motto, or rather meaning, seemed to be " Resist and die ; " which 
produced but poor effect, it being well known the piece could hardly 
shoot so far at random as between the hill and the town, and that for 
the matter of battery it would do little more than an ordinary musket. 
About an hour before the appearing of the army, you might, from the 
top of the Great Castle (which is a place very conspicuous), have seen 
such a numberless crew of unarmed, pilfering rogues run up and down 
in every place for pillage, for five or six miles in breadth, so that from 
a louse to a lion there could nothing escape them ; some of whom 
adventured so near to the castle that they paid dearly for it, but they 
were so numerous it was to no more purpose to kill them than go about 
to kill the locusts sent among the Egyptians. A part of these (while 
the rest made exact inquisition abroad in the fields and farm houses* 
which stood alone and were forsaken) came into the town, partly to get 
pillage, and partly to receive information whether the town were so 
abandoned that the army might march into it with security; which 
being advertised of, about the falling of the evening, some of the foot 
companies began to advance towards the town, the General and most of 
his troops of horse staying on the hill, where they continued till all the 
The General ^ oot was come m an d till it was dark. And then the 
went to the General, with a convenient number of horse, took his 
near to ' J ourne y to the Lord Roche's house, being six miles distant, 

Moyalloe, and never came to Moyalloe, being indisposed in his 

theTord health, committing the government of the consultations, 

Ikerrin, lieut.- and all other business to be done at Moyalloe, to the care 
of the Lord of Ikerrin, lieut.-general, yet so as they had 
intelligence and direction almost hourly from him. 

And now, they being all quartered in the town and lands of 
Moyalloe, and exceedingly well accommodated with forage and provision 
for man and horse, there came one Sergeant-Major Walsh, who, desiring 
conference with those of the Great Castle from the walls, told them he 
was employed from the General to let them know that his army had 
occasion to pass through their town, and to lie there that night, during 
which time he desired to have fair quarter and correspondency with 



them. As to whom answer was made that, if they might be assured 
that his lordship had no ill intentions towards them, they 
would submit to his request. Whereupon the Sergeant- 
Major protesting that, to the best of his knowledge, the 
General had no bad meaning towards them or their place, 
but only to pass through it, they agreed upon a quarter 
to continue till the next morning; and therein concluded that none of 
the army should approach near the castle, to a place consigned — being 

Major Walsh 
undertook no 
harm should 
fall on the 

"The Great Castle." 

{Reprinted '/rout /. /_?, vol. //., 1st series). 

some sixteen yards from the castle walls. And so they parted on friendly 
terms, and presently sent, in the name of the General, to the castle for 
beer, bread and cheese, which was plentifully conferred on them. And 
so they, having sent their scouts, set their watches, and put a strong 
guard on the great bridge leading over the Blackwatcr (within the 
command of the castle), that night passed quietly over. 

And the next morning the said Sergeant-Major came to the Great 
Castle, and told those who had the charge thereof that he expected the 
Lord General's coming thither from the Lord Roche's that morning (as 
he thought), to march away in the afternoon, and desired continuance 


of quarter as formerly, which was consented to by them, but for no 
certain time longer than during pleasure on either side, and to be 
dissolved upon two hours' summons being given by the dissenting party. 

And so that Saturday, 12th of February, passed without 
1 2th February. an y t j 1 j n g done worthy of relation, save that there resorted 
to the rebels an incredible confluence of all sorts, some to join with 
them in the common cause, but most of them to share and co-operate 
with them in rapine and pilfering of the poor Englishman's goods, 
whereof they exported great abundance on people's backs, and on 
garrons out of the town, wherein their very next neighbours were most 
busy and active, specially in carrying away the corn, of which they 
found no less than £1000 worth in malt and wheat, a great quantity of 
which they wilfully spoiled, and threw out into the dirt and streets. Of 
the rest, they were so egregiously prodigal (lest they should leave any 
behind for use of the proprietors) that malt was sold for I2d. the barrel, 
the like whereof, within six days after their departure, was sold for 20s. 
at the castle. It was observed by the wardens of the Great Castle, out 
of the platform, that this day there were carried on men's backs into the 
town about 1400 English sheep for the army's provision, besides great 
store of beeves, and plenty of beer and bread, sent in every day by the 
Lord Roche, McDonogh, and O'Callaghan, who undertook to victual 

They of the Great Castle had intelligence given them that the 
enemy began to brew in the town, and make other preparation, by which 
they collected that the enemy resolved to keep their residence longer 
than they expected them. 

And thereupon, on Sunday morning, 13th February, they writ to the 
commander-in-chief of that army that they, observing that the quarter 

or correspondency held with them had been hitherto 
taken^bv'the injurious to themselves and only advantageous to the 
Governor of enemy, and that they had many reasons to suspect their 
Castle^ainst §°°d intentions towards them of the castle ; and thereupon 
the indulgence they did declare that the quarter should be dissolved that 

»raiued °^ ay ^y I2 o1 ^ tne c ^ oc ^» unless they, the rebels, would 

undertake, in the word of a soldier, to march with their 
army the next day, being Monday, out of the town. Upon receipt of 
which letter they sent to those of the castle that their letter should be 
conveyed to the General, and an answer obtained with all convenient 
expedition. And, about an hour after, Captain Edmond (2 > Butler, son 
and heir to the Lord General, and Sergeant-Major Purcell came to the 

(2) Sec note 2, p. 531 Journal, vol. i. 2nd series. 


Great Castle desiring conference, the effect whereof was that they 
conceived it would be a matter of difficulty to send to their General and 
receive an answer in so short a time as between that and twelve of the 
clock, and therefore entreated earnestly for a longer time before the 
quarter should be dissolved, assuring that some time that day they 
would obtain the General's full answer and resolution. At length with 
their vehement importunity they so far prevailed that those of the 
castle did condescend to attend the answer till three of the clock that 
afternoon and not longer. Which being agreed on, Sergeant-Major 
Purcell desired that he might speak a word or two in private with 
Arthur and his father, Thomas Betesworth; whereunto being admitted 
(the rest of the warders being commanded to stand off from the walls , 

he began to extol the invincible power of the General, and 
proposes the then persuading the rendering up of the castle, which if 
delivering up they would do they should set down their own conditions 

therein ; if not, they would be by force (which they had 
no possibility to resist) compelled thereunto with their extremest peril 
and hazard. Unto which proposition answer was instantly made that 
A courageous tne y were so f ar from giving up the castle upon composition 
answer. that they had all that Sabbath taken the Sacrament not 

to yield it up as long as a man was left alive in it, and wished him tell 
the General that if he sent any messenger again with any such overture, 
he should never return to bring him answer. Unto whom Purcell 
replied that he knew not the General's mind therein ; but, if he had 
been in his stead and place, he would never forsake Moyalloe till he had 

possessed himself of that castle, in regard that place was 
between 86 a great " through-fare " and continual passage between 
Limerick and Limerick and Cork, and lay very commodious in respect 

of the bridge for transferring their armies, provisions and 
carriages to and fro, which they could not make use of so long as it 
was in the hands of the English. To whom answer was made that, for 
that very reason, and for the preservation of those in it, it concerned 
them to keep the castle out of their custody, and that it was a wonder 
that men of their birth, estates and reputation would be seen in so foul 
and facinorous an action, wherein it might be thought it had been 
sufficient for them to have despoiled the English of all their estates, 
goods, and livelihoods, but that they must pursue also their persons and 
liberties with much cruelty to destruction. Whereunto Captain Butler 
most erroneously made the answer, that neither they nor any of their 
commanders did meddle with or receive any goods from the English 
(which is not true); but it is true that their "common soldiers, and 
rascality, and runagathoes," which followed their army, did steal and 


take away Englishmen's goods, not only without but against their 
directions, and that they only desired competent provision for their 
army in their marches; that they did infinitely abhor and interdict 
the killing any English but such as did resist them ; and if anyone 
were killed upon cold blood, it was the common soldiers' and not their 

It is now three of the clock and the quarter expired, and the 
garrisons of both castles (for they were both concluded within the 
compass of the treaty) did most affectionately fall upon the enemy 
with their guns and killed many, who through over much ignorance or 
boldness came within range of their shot. And first they of the Great 
Castle cleared the great bridge of the enemy, and laid an injunction 
that no man should pass over it, sub poena vitce, without their consents. 
But within a short time they grew cautious, and so spoiled the warders' 
sport. And, about the falling of the night on Sunday, there came a 
letter signed by Lord Ikerrin (the lieut.-general) and Colonel Walle, 
directed to Thomas and Arthur Betesworth ; the first part thereof 
contained some rambling exceptions they took that some of their men 
had been killed during the quarter ; but the rest, that they had put on a 
full resolution to be possessed of the castle before they departed the 
town, and left it to their choice to render it on fair and friendly 
conditions (which they should obtain to their own contents), or else 
to expect such extremities as war could expose them unto. Whereunto 
they readily answered that the men they complained of to be shot (as 
in truth some there were) were killed within the precinct or verge of 
the castle, concerning which they had already given full satisfaction 
to Sergeant-Major Walsh ; and, for the last part of their letter, that 
they had entertained as full resolutions (with God's assistance, and 
for whose cause they fought) to defend the castle as the other did to 
assault it. 

And so that night passed with the exchange of some shot on either 

side to little purpose. But the next morning, 14th Febuary, 

14th February. ., , , ., • , L , , r 

the enemy played something hot upon the castle out of 

certain spike-holes they had made in many of the houses next adjoining, 

and laid some 100 musketeers in the orchard and ditches, so that they 

suffered not the defendants to put their heads over the wall without 

shooting at it, though without any hurt at all, save that they shot one 

of the warders in the thigh, who sallied out with others without 

direction, of which wound he is upon (3) recovery. Our intelligence 

3) This is one of the many sentences in this MS., showing that it was written 
contemporaneously with the events described. 


informed those of the Great Castle that the enemy did expect the 
Lord coming of the Lord of Muskerry^ to join with them, 

Muskerry. whom, because he is now become a notable, considerable, 
concerning man in this great affair, I may not let pass without a note ; 
and it shall be of admonition to find him among a magazin of such 
murderers. He is of the family of the Cartys, which they affirm to be 
of such antiquity, that unless you admit them to have a being so long 
before the coming of our blessed Saviour as there hath been time since, 
they think you undervalue them much. This man's father was the first 
lord of that name, which he nobly attained by purchase and acquisition, 
lie was summoned to the first meeting at Buttevant, but came not, and 
all this time, and some days after, held intelligence with the Lord 
President, lying at Cork, unto which the Barony of Muskerry (from 
which the name of his viscountship is derived) lies contiguous. And, 
although he did for some days by his neutrality secure himself in his 
own ( 5 } thoughts, yet when he found the time fit for it, he did most 

(4) Donogh MacCormac (oge) MacCarthy, eighteenth lord of Muskerry, son of 
Cormac oge MacCormac MacCarthy, seventeenth lord, who is shown in the pedigree 
of the family published at p. 193 of vol. i. of this Journal (1st series), to illustrate an 
article on the " Sept Lands of Muskerry." The seventeenth lord and his father, Cormac, 
the sixteenth lord, had followed the example of the fourteenth lord — the famous Sir 
Cormac MacTeige MacCarthy; and, by successive surrenders of the clan lands, as if 
their own, to the Crown, and subsequent regrants from the Crown to themselves, had 
diverted the ownership of the lands from the clan to themselves, and became landlords 
receiving rents in money, instead of chieftains over clansmen — their status under 
Tanist law. Donogh's father, Cormac Oge, had been created in 1628 Baron of Blarney 
and Viscount of Muskerry. Donogh was the second viscount ; and having joined in 
this civil war, 1641-52, became commander of the Munster forces of the "rebels." 
He was exiled to the Continent by the Parliament, but afterwards assisted in the 
Restoration of King Charles II., by whom he was, in 1658, created Earl of Clancarty. 
His grandson, also called Donogh, fourth earl, joined the losing side of King James II. 
in his contest with William of Orange, and was taken prisoner at the capture of Cork, 
29th September, 1690, and was contined in the Tower, but escaped to France. He 
was outlawed; but was subsequently pardoned by King William, who allowed him a 
pension of ,£300 a-year. His estates in Muskerry, i.e. the landlord rights filched a 
century before from the clan, were forfeited and sold in Dublin to various purchasers 
in 1702-3. 

(5) From papers preserved in the family of Rye of Ryecourt (lately most kindly lent 
to me, and from which I hope to be able to add to the history of the lands of Muskerry 
in the seventeenth century), it appears that Donogh, Viscount Muskerry, found some 
difficulty in getting the gentlemen of his "country" to follow him into tins civil war. 
Inter alia those papers state: — "In year 1641, several Irish gents of Bar. Muskerry 
had estates of inheritance, as well as Donogh, the Lord Muskerry, who was afterwards 
Donogh, Earl of Clancarty. This earl invited the other gents into the war : they were 
loath to do it, for, if they happened to be cast, they should lose their estates ; but he, 
being married to the then Duke of Ormonde's sister, Countess Helen, might be 
restored to his estate, though they should lose theirs. But he promised them he 
would do nothing for himself, but what they should receive the like benefit," — a 
promise, it may be added, not fulfilled. The "gents" referred to were kinsmen of the 
chief, who, in the change of tenure (see last note) had secured separate holdings for 
themselves, or large tenants, late clansmen, who had obtained a sort of fixity of 
tenure in their holdings. 


Muskerry s disloyally revolt, although the President did labour most 
revolt strenuously to contain him within the bonds of allegiance, 

yet in vain. It was put into his head— and without any other ground 
than such as the bards or rimers have invented— that his ancestors have 
been kings of Cork, and that now were the time for him to put on foot 
that regal title, to whom I doubt not but it will prove destructive. His 
revenue is commonly discoursed to have been £7,000 < 6 > per 

be 7 side°s Perann ' annum ' and to have of ready m ° ney ^30,000, all which 
money in his was lately left him by the parsimony of an illiberal and 
P urse - narrow-minded father ; which is far different from the 

condition of many other lords and gentlemen of this country, as the 
Lord Roche, McDonogh, O'Callaghan, O'Keeffe, and many others, 
whose debts are so deep that the whole revenue of their lands do little 
more than satisfy the very interest. By this man's example many 
crentlemen of power and estate (who before stood as lookers-on) have 
openly declared themselves and taken arms against the Crown. The 
mischief is that a great part of this man's money hath been sent into 
foreign countries to purchase arms and ammunition. 

I have dwelt so long on this graceless grandee that this day is 
almost spent by exchanging of bullets from the castle to the enemy, to 

(<5) This estimate of Lord Muskerry 's rental in 1642 is probably approximately 
correct. There is in the British Museum a copy, partly in print and partly in MS., 
of the Book of Postings and Sale of the Forfeited Estates in Ireland, forfeited after 
1690, and sold at Chichester House, Dublin, in 1702-3. It is in much detail, having 
columns showing the names of forfeiting proprietors, names of townlands, number ot 
acres (Irish) in each, yearly rents in 1702, real value yearly in 1702, tenants' names, 
general description of the several lands, estate or interest therein claimed and allowed 
to lessees and others, names of purchasers, amount realised by sale, and mode of pay- 
ment. At intervals of leisure, a couple of years ago, I copied all relating to county 
Cork ; and now, to test the above estimate, I have totalled the money columns, and 
arrived at the following results : — 

The rental, in 1702, of the "estate" {i.e. landlord's rights) of Donogh, fourth Earl 
of Clancarty, in Muskerry (only) in county Cork, was £7,980 16s. iod., which was due 
chiefly on leases granted by Helen, widow of first Earl of Clancarty, the nobleman 
named in the text above. His estate had been confiscated by the Cromwellian Parlia- 
ment, but was mostly restored to him by King Charles II., under the Act of Settlement. 
After this earl's death, in 1665, his widow was empowered to grant the leases just 
mentioned, as is shown particularly by the Rye Court papers mentioned in note 5. 

Further, I find that the real value yearly, in 1702, of the estate in Muskerry was 
estimated at ,£12,961 9s. 2d., which was sold at fourteen years' purchase, i.e. for a sum 
of ^181,460 8s. 4d. Much of this was bought by the " Governor and Company of the 
Corporation for making hollow sword blades," to whom a debt of ,£97,000 was due by 
Government, which amount was set against the corporation's purchases of forfeited 
lands. The corporation parted with the lands so purchased to other vendees ; and, as 
is well known, many of the present titles in Muskerry start from the sales made by 
this corporation. 

In talking of the earl's " estate," it must be remembered that the rental was pay- 
able out of lands which, up to the end of the preceding century, had been the common 
property of the clan, but had been alienated from the clansmen to their chieftain as 
landlord under the Crown policy of " surrender and regrant." 


the loss of some of their men, and from them to the castle, at which 
and at the platform', whereon the ordnance was mounted, they played 
much out of their spike-holes without hurt, the bawn walls being so 
high and the ground somewhat low from which they shot, so that they 
could not annoy anything but the upper part of the house, whereunto 
all the prejudice they did was the breaking of the glass and windows. 
Yet they of the castle liked their neighbourhood so ill that they 
endeavoured to remove them from thence ; and to that purpose (having 
first practised by stratagem to set fire on some thatched cabins, which 
proved ineffectual) they hired one in the night to fire the wind side of 
a house whereby many other houses were burned ; and then they 
discharged their ordnance at a shingled stone house from whence the 
shot came, and shot it clean through, which put the enemy to such a 
"plonder" that they were constrained to forsake their quarters and that 
end of the town. And finding it not safe to walk in the streets within 
reach of the castle, they brake down the walls, and made a passage 
from one house to another, where they lay, by which means they of the 
castle could neither see nor hurt them. 

And now it was given out that the council of war had determined to 
take the house and the two castles which the English held against them, 
and designed Monday night for taking the house, (7) Tuesday night for 
the Short Castle, and Wednesday night for the Great Castle, and that 
there were two sows < 8 > prepared for that purpose (which was true). And, 
accordingly, about ten o'clock, they began to attempt the house (to 
defend which there were six or seven musketeers, and some thirty 
women and children, and much goods and provisions), and the assault 
was to be made by O'Callaghan's men, commanded by Captain Henesie, 
and assisted by Callaghan O'Callaghan (who not long since came from 
the Inns of Court in studying the law), a pertinacious young fellow, and 
a brother of his called Cnogher, sons ^) to " ould Cahir O'Callaghan," 
who began to make their breach at one end of the house, near a chimney. 
But while that was in doing, and the defendants plying their muskets, 
it happened that the enemy killed with a shot in the head an honest, 
stout, principal man amongst them, named Michael Hudson, by whose 
loss the rest of the English were exceedingly disanimated, and the 

(7) The stone house, garrisoned, as before. mentioned. 

(S) Sow, a movable shed or mantelet, capable of being pushed up on wheels or 
rollers to a wall, which the assailants could pick at under cover of the shed, whose 
roof was constructed so as to resist fire or missiles directed against it by the besieged. 
The engine was called La Chalte, the female cat, in French. Both were directly 
derived from the musculus or mouse, of the Romans. Cresar in his Bell. Civ., lib. ii., 
cap. 10, gives the details of its construction. 

(9) Sec ante, note 14, p. 534, previous vol. of this Journal. 


sooner inclined to terms of rendering, which was often offered to them by 
the assailants, for it so fell out that all those which were now in the 
house were tenants to Cahir O'Callaghan on some lands near Moyalloe 
on which they had built and made great improvements. And, foreseeing 
that the times would be turbulent and dangerous, and that their good 
landlord would enter into articles of rebellion, they brought all their 
domestics and put them into that house, leaving behind them all their 
cattle to a great number and value, which were instantly swept away by 
the said Cahir's direction, whose sons had thus acquittance with and 
interest in the poor people, whereof they made use to persuade and cheat 
them out of the house, with promise that if they would deliver it to 
them, their lives, goods, and all that they had therein (saving their arms) 
should be preserved without diminishing or violation. By means 
whereof the defendants were seduced to admit them into the house, 
which being done, they put the poor people all into one 
theygot the" room, possessed themselves of all their goods and provisions, 
house. an( j set over them a company of ravenous, barbarous rogues 

who took from them all the most valuable goods they had, scarce 
allowing them necessaries out of their own. And there they stayed 
some two days, till the enemy departed the town, when they left them, 
having taken away the best of their goods. 

This great conquest was much vaunted of by the enemy (being the 
primogeniture of all their glorious victories), and advanced their spirits 
to a great degree of animosity, as worthy the labours and consultations 
of ten thousand brave men of war to cozen and beg five or six poor 
people out of their house and goods. But if you wonder at this you will 
be astounded at the next night's attempt on the Short Castle (whereunto 
Tuesday, 15th an< ^ for the preparation therefor this Tuesday, 15th 
February. February, was employed), beside which there passed no 

thing worthy of note except bullets between the castles and the rebels, 
whom I must needs commend (as not intending to defraud the " divell 
of his due ") for their inclination to the sparing of blood, and am 
confident they had rather taken one castle by perjury and fraud than 
four by assault. And, in pursuance of this charity, they belaboured 
Lieutenant Williamson (who had the chief government in the Short 
Castle) with serious treatise, persuasions, and expostulations of sur- 
rendering upon any conditions himself would propound. Whereunto 
the Lieutenant answered that he was engaged to his friends in the Great 
Castle never to consent to any such thing without their approbation, and 
that, if the rebels so desired, he would write to them, and send a servant 
of his own thither to negotiate that particular, which was easily con- 
sented to, on condition that they might know what was written and 


spoken to his man, which the Lieutenant did entertain, rather to pro- 
crastinate them than for any intention he had to deal in terms of com- 
position. And he thereon writes a short note to Arthur Betesworth 
advertising that he was offered fair terms to surrender, and desired to 
know his own opinion, which note he sent by a man of his own, who 
was led between a son of the Lord of Ikerrin's and another of the Baron 
of Loghma's, two captains, through a backway, and not through the town 
(which was the right way), that he might not behold, or rather should 
believe that there was some stranger and stratagemical preparation in 
hands, much like serpents and bugbears such as children are terrified 
with. And coming with a drum to the Great Castle, they demanded 
conference with Arthur Betesworth, who wished them to give strict 
charge and order restraining their shot during the conference, protesting 
that if any such thing were done, he would charge his men to shoot the 
captains themselves from the wall, who undertook to have given full order 
therein already, and yet sent again carefully to prohibit all shooting. 
Notwithstanding, Arthur had no sooner put himself upon the wall to 
Treachery attend the conference, but a shot was made at him out of 

again. the town, but missed him narrowly, at which the two 

captains, crying mercy, began to shelter themselves from the wall, and 
made away, against whom the warders discharged some five or six 
muskets, and hit one of the captains, so that he fell ; but at the last they 
both tumbled away, and saved themselves by means of a burnt chimney ; 
but, as we heard afterwards, one of the gallants had cause to thank his 
buff coat for his life, which proved musket-proof. Now was the lieutenant's 
man left alone under the walls, by means whereof he took occasion to go 
round to the other side of the castle, where he was taken in. For all 
this they were so intent on their business of the Short Castle that they 
sent one for an answer to Mr. Williamson, which answer was briefly that 
the Lieutenant should not think of rendering on any condition so long 
as he could resist ; however, if he could hold out for thirty hours he was 
confident of a plentiful and assured relief. 

The same day they of the Great Castle sent out a footman to inquire 
of the welfare of their friends at Doneraile, withal to inform them how 
the country abroad stood, and of the Lord General's inclination or re- 
moving from the Lord Roche's, where he had continued sickly since 
Friday, with directions to the footboy that if he should fall into the 
enemy's hands he should affirm that he came from Cork, and that the 
Lord President was coming from thence with all his force for relief of 
Moyalloe. This plot fell out right by chance, for the footboy had not 
gone a mile from the town before he was seized on by the vigilant 
scouts, brought to the camp, and examined by all the lords and council, 


and forgot not his lesson of the Lord President's march from Cork. 
And so they bound him fast, and kept him among their servants in the 

And now, the evening approaching, and seeing they could do no 
good on the Lieutenant by persuasion, they began to prepare themselves 
for the assault on the Short Castle, which was to be performed by the 
Lord Roche's, McDonogh's, O'Callaghan's, and Edmond Fitzgerald's 
men of the Clonlesse (for the strangers which came out of Tipperary 
with the General were now so alienated from the county of Cork men 
that they would not adventure a man in the service). To this purpose 
there was choice made of a select number of musketeers and of the com- 
panies of all those undertakers ; amongst the rest thirteen were chosen 
out of the Lord Roche's men, the main part whereof did belong to 
Rayle, a freeholder under his lordship ; and Sergeant-Major Purcell 
(the ablest soldier amongst them), was designed for the government of 
that action, by whose advice they brought their brass piece of artillery 
into an upper loft of the house where the Deputy-General lay, and where 
they sat in council, situate scarce a musket shot from the castle, against 
which they placed it by pulling down some of the shingles of the house, 
rather for terror than for service sake ; and about seven o'clock in the 
evening, when they began to make their approaches, the officers of these 
that were to assault demanded powder for their men, to whom answer 
was made by those who came with the General that they had no powder 
to spare for that employment, and had very little for themselves, where- 
upon the Lord Roche brought in a small proportion of powder, and 
distributed it amongst the assailants, giving each not over three shots at 
most, and, being thus accommodated, they marched to the castle about 
eight or nine o'clock, and then only gave a volley of shot in at the 
windows of the Short Castle without hurt, and soon returned back to 
supper to the house, immediately after which they began to fall to the 
work, and set a great thatch house adjoining the castle on fire with 
intent to annoy the defendants. But it proved directly otherwise, for by 
the light of that fire those in the castle saw their assailants as well as in 
day, and shot at them with advantage. Who, on their first coming, by 
their pioneers fell upon a window made of wood, which gave light unto 
the kitchen, during whose work the musketeers played on them in the 
castle towards the place from whence they saw them shoot, but without 
doing them any offence But the defendants on the other side shot out 
of their spike-holes at the assailants, who had no shelter, and, therefore, 
were sent apace to hell. However, they had within a short time gotten 
down the window and some of the wall about it, and made a reasonable 
large breach, for the defence of which the Lieutenant and some three or 


four more came down, and left the rest of their men in the upper rooms 
Williamson's to srioC) t on the enemy on the outside, who pressed rather 
defence. constrainedly than resolutely to make good the breach, so 

that it grew to a cruel bloody skirmish, especially on the rebel's part, 
who, with shot from above and below out of the breach, fell very fast, 
and cried out lamentably on their officers, who thrust them most 
barbarously forward to inevitable destruction. 

I should have told that, so soon so they began their breach, they dis- 
charged their piece of artillery some three times, which made several 
holes where the bullets hit as big as a fist, being intended rather to work 
terror than execution. 

Now, as the breach grew bigger, the assailants still cried out for more 
pikemen, who (unwillingly) were brought out of the house, by the use of 
which and the rottenness of the wall about the window, they had made 
the breach of such large extent that a cart might pass through it. But 
the Lieutenant on one side of the wall, and one more on the other side 
within, made such use of their swords that they cut off the heads of the 
pikes as fast as they pushed them in at the breach. In the meanwhile 
one Bennett, a blacksmith, having got into a place of advantage upon a 
shelf where the enemy's shot could hardly come at him, but he most 
easily at them, shot so fast as three people appointed for the purpose 
could charge some three or four muskets, w herewith he shot the enemy 
in great numbers. And this heat of the fight they continued the most 
part of Tuesday night, though with some intermissions, in so much as 
the defendants affirm they spent in shooting that night about twenty 
pounds of powder, and did usually load every of their muskets with 
twelve, fourteen, or sixteen small bullets, and seldom shot but among a 
throng of them, so that it is very probable there were made that night 
not so few as two hundred Romish Catholic martyrs fit for Pluto's 
palace, besides very many hurt, amongst whom Captain Meagh (who 
commanded McDonogh's men) was wounded in the arm, and very 
luckily had his thigh bone broken, whereby he is qualified for 
martyrdom. Likewise 'tis conceived the enemy shot not so much for 
want of powder ; with what they had they killed one of the defendants, 
Jonathan Smith, a very handsome, (,o) able man, who was shot in the 
mouth, and one other in the belly, both which died instantly, and 
another or two were light hurt with shot. 

About midnight the rebels desired quarter for burying their dead, 
which was granted, and in that time of cessation Sergeant-Major Purcell, 
coming into the house (where all the lords sat up to expect the event of 

(10) Handsome, i.e. "dexterous, handy." 


the night's work), was heard to rail extremely at the base cowardliness 
and disanimosity of the county of Cork men, with which he protested he 
would never adventure his life again, and that whosoever did should lose 
his reputation for ever ; with many such terms of reproach to them all in 
general. However, having refreshed himself and refurnished his men 
with a small quantity of powder out of Lord Roche's small store, and 
the dead saints being buried (like dogs) in the garden adjoining, he pre- 
pares himself again for the assault, and his men with him, with as much 
cheerfulness as he hath who is going to the gallows, of whom they in 
the castle made sufficient havoc till about two hours before day, at 
which time the assailants gave over, not any one of them ever entering 
the breach. And carrying away their dead men, they returned back to 
their quarters with much loss, for which retreat the defendants were not 
sorry, having had their bellyfulls also ; and yet husbanded their time so 
well that they employed themselves wholly in making up their breaches 
with flitches of bacon, tubs of beef, bedding, chests, and 
repaired with lumber, hourly expecting a new attempt. Whereunto the 
flitches, etc. enemy, having no great stomach, yet did they beyond 
measure court to carry the castle by some means or other, rather for 
their honour and reputation sake than for any great esteem otherwise 
they made of it, in regard this was their masterpiece, and indeed a most 
beseeming glorious work for such a confluence of caterpillars to perform. 
But on the other hand they found some difficulty in the acquisition 
of it by strong hand, and an impossibility of bringing in any more of 
their men to the slaughter, who (for all the " Priest's rhethorick " to 
the contrary) did chose to survive in a condition of rebellious rogues 
(especially while the trade of pilling and pulling the English was in such 
high request), rather than die now with martyrdom. And, therefore, 
they concluded again to negotiate the surrender thereof on terms of 
quarter and composition, whereunto the Lieutenant and associates were 
now prepared to lend an indulgent ear, and were invited thereto, partly 
through the loss of four of their best men, two killed and two wounded ; 
partly by the scarcity of powder which they had left ; partly as they were 
extremely wearied, spent with watching, and other duties, four or five 
days and nights together ; partly through their disinterest in the place, 
having nothing to do therewith but their present being and a little 
household stuff ; and, partly being persuaded they could not long hold 
out, being still attempted with fresh men ; and that, if they should 
expel them by force, they would not leave a soul alive of them. Upon 
Short Castle these considerations they did enter into conference with the 
enemy ; and in conclusion it was agreed they should quit 
the castle, and carry away their clothes and linen, and part 


of their victuals, and be conveyed safely to the Great Castle without any 
hurt or offence to be offered to them — the Lieutenant only to go away 
with his sword, and have a mare of his own which was in the castle — 
and to leave their arms and the rest of their things behind them in the 
castle to the enemy. 

And thereupon the lords and captains came most triumphantly to 
receive this new conquest ; and, disarming all the men, they took them 
and all the women and children, to number of forty persons, and put 
The Lieut.- them all into a room by themselves, and fell on searching 
General him- f them for money, the Lieutenant-general himself being 
Williamson's pleased to descend so low as to search Mr. Williamson's 
pocket. pocket, from whence he took half-a-crown, all the money he 

had ; and then they began to search the trunks and chests, and had an 
inventory taken of all that was found therein, not suffering the pro- 
prietors to have any part of it. Nay, they were so far from observing 
any part of their quarter that some were heard to say that there was no 
quarter to be kept with such English clogs, and that the best way was to 
put them into a house and set it on fire ; others, that it was a thousand 
pities to suffer them to escape alive who had killed so many of their 
friends. And those who had made this agreement began to cast on them 
a scornful countenance, and to slink away from the room, whereby the 
poor people were perplexed, preparing themselves for execution, to con- 
firm which conceit there came up into the room (as the Lieutenant him- 
self told me) a fellow with a block under his arm and an axe in his hand, 
which made them believe they were designed " baptisterized." (,:) It is 
probable some such thing was intended, for one of the captains told the 
Lieutenant that the common people were so exasperated against them 
for the slaughter they had made of their men that it would be a hard 
matter to preserve them. As they were in the room, some of the Irish 
asked them whither they would go. Some said to the Great Castle, to 
whom answer was made that they would that night or next day pull 
them out thence by the ears ; others of the English wished themselves 
in England, to whom it was replied that they had no business there, in 
regard there was as great combustion there as here, so that now there 
was no place of retreat left them, unless they would go to purgatory, 
whither the uncharitable Tope would admit no such heretics. 

Among such passages the Lieutenant pressed himself upon some of 
the chief officers who were most interested in composing the quarter, and 
told them (whose names he thinks to be Sergeant-Major Purcell and 
Colonel Wall, both of the General's part)-, who had been bred abroad in 

(") So in the MS. 


the wars), and besought them to consider what obloquy it would bring 
to their nation thus to violate their faiths, which very Turks and heathens 
would not infringe, and that all the world would say shame on them ; 
and with that took hold of one of them, and said if he must needs die it 
should be by one of their hands, with whom he had entreated (l2) for his 
preservation, and not by the stroke of a common soldier. His vehemency 
wrought such an impression on the minds of the commanders that they 
readily undertook their safe conduct to utmost of their power ; and with 
their swords drawn wished the English to follow them, and brought them 
with much difficulty through the streets and very great throng of people, 
who cursed- them, and would fain have been revenged on them, but were 
kept off by the commanders, who brought them within shot of the Great 
Castle, where they were joyfully received, who began to prepare the best 
they could for the enemy, whom they expected that Wednesday night 
the 1 6th February. 

The rebels But behold, about three o'clock that afternoon they did 

retreat. observe that the carriages first, in greater abundance, and 

aftewards the rebels themselves in a far greater, began to march out of the 
town ; the greatest part of them towards Lord Roche's country, and the rest 
towards Buttevant. At sight whereof they of the castle sent out scouts 
on horseback, on whose return, and by the relation of a prisoner they 
took, they understood the enemy were gone clean away, and in some 
haste, fear, and distraction, and the truth was there not a man left in the 
town by time it was dark. It was said to be two hours in the night 
before they came to the Lord Roche's house at Castletown, and that 
they (I conceive) those of the General's party entertained themselves 
there in spite of his teeth ; and not so much as bade him farewell the 
next morning, but departed with wonderful discontent, and took Lord 
Roche's prey of his country away with them. 

But before they departed from Moyalloe, they first set the town on 
fire in five or six places, with intention to totally destroy it, though it 
pleased God many of the stout houses were saved through the extreme 
wetness of the season. Amongst the rest, the Short Castle was set on fire, 
said to be an act of Lord Roche's, who was seen to direct the carrying 
in of a burden of straw, and to follow it himself with a firebrand. 

The Short Castle (which was a place of very good receipt and 
commorancy*^) for the Lord President of Munster) was consumed to 

(") i.e. treated. The preservation of the English prisoners by those officers from 
the violence of the common soldiers is of the same character as the subsequent action 
of Lord Muskerry, who hung some of his own followers for robbery contrary to express 

('3) From commomtio, " a sojourning." The writer airing his Latin as usual. 


the very ground, and all the English goods left there mostly destroyed. 

Although, this caused multitude of miscreants begone hence (whatever, 

let them never return without confusion!), yet will it not be impertinent 

to take cognizance of some particulars fit for the reader's information, 

— first, as to the speedy running away of the enemy : — to know this it 

will be fit to know that these lords, officers and captains did little else 

at Moyalloe (as you have heard), than spend their time between 

Friday and Wednesday in consultations about ordering the war for that 

province in future. And therein the first question moved was who 

should command in chief as general (for Lord Mountgarret was 

determined to desert that employment, in regard of his remote dwelling, 

and that he foresaw he should have work enough to secure his own 

T . , , country). For which command in chief the Baron of 

Debate as to J ' 

the chief Loghma (named Purcell) thought himself fittest, as he was 

command. ^ e ^ rs ^ j n j.j ie province that went out and declared 
himself in action, by whose assistance many towns of strength had been 
taken, and the business put forward. And to him it seems the General's 
party did much incline ; but Lord Roche and McDonogh could not 
endure such language, and took it in great scorn that so mean a man 
should have such ambitious thoughts as to command them, his superiors 
in all things. This contestation came to heat, and so many words of 
offence were multiplied, that they were almost at daggers' drawing, and 
the Baron and his colleagues told them they would leave them to 
themselves, and march out of the country with their whole army ; and 
charged those of the county of Cork vehemently for circumventing them 
by drawing them into the country, and promising that their men should 
have the benefit of robbing and pilling the numerous English there- 
about — and they not being able to give them any other wages but 
pilling and polling — though the day before the army came into the 
country they themselves had rifled all the English, of purpose to 
prevent them of their expected booty, and for those injuries they would 
leave them to their fortune. 

But this proposition of forsaking them did so much offend those of the 
county Cork, that McDonogh said that, since the General's party had 
dealt so unworthily with him as to draw him into this action and then 
depart, he had no other means to save himself but flying into Spain ; 
and Lord Roche told them he would rather have given ,£10,000 than 
be thus deceived ; however, he had in his time gone through great 
matters, and doubted not but to wade through this, and overcome it. 
During this discussion the Short Castle was surrendered, from which 
Baron of Loghma and the rest expected their equal shares of pillage, 
which Lord Roche, McDonogh and the rest thought not fit to admit, as 


none were used in that enterprise but their men, whereof they lost a 
great number and Lord Roche's powder ; and from this difference it is 
thought the burning of the castle did arise. Howsoever, the General's 
party gave present order for the marching away of their men and 
carriages out of the town, which was done not without much confusion 
and incredible celerity, occasioned by this means : — You may remember 
the messenger sent from the Great Castle being taken, and what he 
told the enemy as pre-admonished beforehand, that the Lord President 
was coming with all his forces to the relief of Moyalloe, and that they 
of the Great Castle, writing to Lieut. Williamson, gave him assurance if 
he should hold out thirty hours he would be relieved. And this 
Wednesday morning a man of Lord Roche's gave him intelligence that 
he had seen about sunrise the Lord President's troop of horse about 
three miles from Moyalloe, coming from Cork ; which in part was true 
for Captain Beredges, who commanded that troop, was by chance come 
that way with twenty horse, on chance of meeting stragglers from the 
great army. All these things bred such a belief in the enemy that the 
Lord President was making towards them, that they fled away in great 
disorder when the sun was not an hour high, although, without question, 
they were resolved to march thence a day or two after. And they went 
Thursday so P rec >pi ta tely that the next day, Thursday, when they of 

17th February, the castle could safely issue into the town, it appeared to 
them that the enemy had no intention of departing so suddenly, for 
they found in every house great store of muttons ready dressed, to 
number of four hundred, and very many quarters of beef untouched ; 
and in places brewing of beer setting forward, which the English 
finished next day ; and many hides and other things were left behind, 
which they would not have done but for the haste they made. 

But he that would view without reluctance the beastliness, spoil, and 
barbarism remaining to their everlasting shame, had, I dare say, a 
heart as impenetrable as their intentions were mischievous. The lower 
rooms of most of the houses were converted into stables, the upper to 
lodgings, where not only the flesh, but the garbage, guts, and maws of 
the sheep and cows lay stinking noisomely in the very chambers where 
some of the chief lords and gentlemen lodged, which for mere laziness 
their servants would not cast out of doors. Their bedding and meat so 
sordid and nasty that a right-bred English dog would have scouted 
either ; all things presented to the smell a most excrementitious 
perfume. Of the stools, bedsteads, chairs, cupboards, doors and posts, 
they made heretics, and burned as the relics of Protestant superstition. 
Of lead and iron they were so covetous, that they brake most of the 
glass windows for the one, and tore in pieces doors for twists and 


hinges ; and cellar windows, harrows, wheels, ploughs, and all things 
wherein was a piece of iron, even as big as a thumb, for the other. 
Every garden and backside was furnished with lambs and calves taken 
out of their dams' bellies, and shoulders of beef, muttons' bellies, which 
stank everywhere profoundly, so that the poor people of the town 
abhorred their former dwellings. 

The townsmen found that morning two great sows/ 1 *) one fully, the 
other almost finished, made musket proof, with four wheels, and so large 
that 30 men might easily move in them, whereof they made matter for 
the fire to work on. Also the enemy had barricaded every entrance 
into the town with cupboards, forms, tables, frames and such like lumber, 
to hinder the horse coming on them which they expected from Cork. 
And within a mile of the town on the way they went, there were 
afterwards found in ditches and furze, barrels of biscuit, a bag of bullets 
for ordnance, a mortar, and such things cast away that they might fly 
the faster ; nay, they made such haste that they left behind them the 
carriage of their piece of artillery. You will wonder when I tell you 
that the enemy, in one week which they spent in Buttevant and 
Moyalloe, viz., from Wednesday to Wednesday, did consume at least 
40,000 English sheep, and probably three or four thousand English 
cows and oxen. I received from a credible relation that they most 
wickedly killed abundance of this number of sheep merely for their 
skins, which they sold for one penny farthing each to skinners of 
Kilmallock, who followed the camp for that purpose, and threw away 
the flesh. Few of these sheep had less than ten pounds of wool on 
them, being of so large a kind as in the best places in England. 

(14) This preparation of sows for the attack of a castle defended by cannon and 
hand-guns is a remarkable survival of the ancient mode of attack, but it must be 
remembered that the cannon of the besieged was mounted on a platform on the top of 
the Great Castle, and could not bear on the sozv close under the walls. A sow was 
actually used about this time at the siege of Ballyally Castle, in county Clare (see 
Narratives Illustrative of Hie Contests in Ireland in 1C41 and 1690; edited for the 
len Society by Thomas Crofton Croker, in 1S41). 

{To be continued.) 


j\otes on the Council J3ook 0/ ClonaKilty, 

Now in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Townsend, D. D. 


At a court held for the said borough on Wednesday, the 19th of 
Burrough of y n ^ ^^ Michae i Beecher was sworn burgess of the said corpo- 
ouginaa J'- rat j on De f ore t i ie Right Honble. Piers Id. viscount Ikerrin, suffrain, 
and the undernamed burgesses. 

Ikerrin, Robt. Gillman, 

Ralph Freke, Will"- Hull. 

Arnold Gookin, 

At a court holden on Tuesday, the 25th of July, 1710, Mr. John 

Burrough of Honner) Mr Robert Travers, and Mr. Arnold Gookin were chosen 

g a J. ^^^ elected to be presented into the Rt- HonUe. Henry Boyle, that 

one of them may be nominated and appointed to be suffrain for the ensuing year, 

according to her Majesty's gracious grant in that behalf. 

Ikerrin, Stiff"- Ran. Warner, 

Ralph Freke, Robt. Gillman. 

Robert Travers, 

At a court holden on St. Luke's day, being the 1 8th 8ber, I7IO| 
hmrougioj Mr j ohn fj onner one f t h e free burgesses of the said burrough, pur- 
Cloug/makilty. J , . . , . f ., „, TJ ,, „ 

suant to the nomination and appointment of the Rt. Hono'e. Henry 

Boyle, lord of the said town, and according to the charter of the said burrough, was 
sworn suffrain of the said burrough for the year ensuing, and had the ensigns of 
authority delivered to him before the late suffrain and burgesses undernamed. 
Ikerrin, Rob. Travers, 

Jonas Stawell, John Bourne, 

Richd. Cox, Arnold Gookin, 

Ran. Warner, Robt. Gillman. 

On the 25th of January, 17 10, Arthur Bernard, esq re > was sworn 
r ) , j.// freeman and burgess of the said burrough before the suffrain and 
undernamed burgesses. 

John Honner, Sufi™-, Arnold Gookin, 

Robert Travers, Robt. Gillman, 

Will"- Hull, Jonas Stawell. 

At the same court Mr. George Roan, Mr. Thos. Story, Mr. Stephen Jermyn, Mr. 
John Adams, and Mr. Thomas Bennett, were sworn freemen of the said corporation 
before the suffrain and undernamed. John Honnor, Suff rn - 

Arthur Bernard, of Palace Anne, son of Francis Bernard, of Castle- 
mahon, born 1666, M.P. for Bandon 1713-14. (See "Cork M.P.'s.," 
Journal Cork Hist. Soc, 2nd ser., i., 75.) 


On the 6th of March, 1710, Capt. George Wandesford, Mr. James 
r , , *. .J Kingston, Mr. John Kingston, Mr. Samuel Kingston, Mr. Samuel 
Fitzjames Kingston, Mr. Jeremy Sullivan, and Mr. Edward Goodchild, 
were sworn freemen of the said corporation before the suffrn. and undernamed bur- 

John Honner, Suffrn., Robert Gillman, 

Robt. Travers, Emanuel Moore. 

Captain George Wandesford, second son of Sir Christopher Wandes- 
ford, Viscount Castlecomer and Earl Wandesford, by Elizabeth, daughter 
of George Montague, of Horton, Northants. He married Susanna, 
daughter of the Rev. John Griffith, archdeacon of Killaloe, by whom he 
had John, his heir, and two daughters. George Wandesford succeeded 
his nephew as fourth viscount in 1736. 

Memo" - — The suffrain, recorder, and burgesses have sett and lett 

CI <rj k'/f ■ unto l J ' nm P P' ne tne f a * rs anc * markets, tolls and customs, with the 

alienage, for one year for the rent of £25 5s. sterl-. to be paid as 

followeth, provided the said Pine gives security, viz., £9 8s. 4d. ster'- on the first day 

of ober., ^9 Ss. 4d. the 25th of March, and ^9 8s. 4d. ster!- the 29th of Sept. following. 

Whereof the said suffrain reed. £0 5s. od. in hand. Sign'd by order, 

Saml. Birde, Dept- Record. 

. Generalis sessio pacis tenta & Burgibus pre'nt et Libertatibus 

Cloug-hnakiltv e J usdem coram J oh nes Honner, ar. et burg. pr. et justiciarus ad paizes, 
13 die Junii, 171 1. 
Norn, grand jur. — Henry Hayes, senr., Henry Hayes, jun'-i John Teage, James 
Spiller, John Bennett, senr-, John Bennett, junr-, Nicholas Bennet, Ferdinando Spiller, 
Daniel Carthy, Samuel Gilbertson, Francis Spiller, Phillip Pyne, Thos. Bennett, 
Stephen Holmes, Den s - Masterman. 

We find and present that the watercourse coming from Skirtagh, running through 
the street of this burrough is a nusence, and ought to be kept in the old watercourse ; 
and any pson. that should be found guilty of turning the said stream shall for the first 
offence forfeit the sum of two shillings and sixpence ster'-. and for every offence after 
shall forfeit the sum of three shillings sterl-, the said sum to be levyed by way of dis- 
tress, if need be, by the suffrain's warrant in being, to the constables of the said 
burrough to collect the same. 

We confirm all former presentments. We appoint Capt"- Richard Hungerford 
and Mr. Robert Gillman to be way-wardens for the same burrough. 

Saml- Birde, Dep'- Rec. 

„ , , At a court holden on Wednesday, the 25th day of July, 171 1, Sir 

Clouehndkilty Emanuel Moore, baronet, Robert Travers, and Arnold Gookin, were 

chosen' and elected to be presented unto the Rt. Hon^e Henry Boyle, 

that one of them maybe nominated and appointed to be suffrain for the next ensuing 

year, according to her Majesty's most gracious grant in that behalf. 

John Honner, Suff"- Ariii. Bernard, 

Robert Travers, Ralph Freke, 

Emanuel Moore, Ran. Warner, 

Michael Becher, Robt. Gillman. 


Whereas wee, the suffrain, deputy recorder, and free burgesses of the bur. de 
Cloughnakilty, met at a court in the said borough on the feast of Saint Luke last past 
to swear a new suffrain, in obedience to an express'd clause in the charter of the said 
burrough ; and whereas it then appeared to us by the positive assertion of Mr. William 
Snowe, agent for the lord of the burrough, that the said lord had made his election of 
one of the three free burgesses elected and presented unto him for his nomination to 
serve as suffrain for the present year ; and whereas the sd. Ld. was in England, and 
there was then five packetts due by reason of the contrary winds, so that we cou'd 
receive no nomination ; and the sd. agent having brought into court Ric hd . French, esq re > 
councellor-at-law, who, in defence of the lord of the burrough, by his council pleaded 
the reasonableness of our defending to swear a new suffrain, in consideration whereof 
and of our great regard to the Ld. of the burrough, we did accordingly adjourn our court 
to this day ; and the lord's agent presenting to us the Ld. of the burrough's lettr. 
appointing Robert Travers, esq re > to be suffrain, wee have accordingly thought fitt to 
swear him, the sd. Robert Travers, suffrain of this borough for the present year. 
Dated the 25th of 8ber., 1711. 

. At a court held for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 25th of 8ber., 171 1 ( 

CI fj-J \ak'lt\ R°b ert Travers, esq., one of the free burgesses of the sd. corporation, 
pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the Rt. HonWe. Henry 
Boyle, Ld. of the sd. burro, was sworn suffrain of the sd. burrogh, and had the ensign 
of authority delivered to him by the late suffrain and undernam'd burgesses. 
John Honner, William Hull, 

Emanuel Moore, Arnold Gookin. 

The suffrain, recorder, and burgesses have sett unto Jonas Stawell, 

Clo to-J fakiltv es 1 r ' ^ ie ^ rs and mar k ets > tolls and customs, with alienage, except 

only the custom of fresh fish on the week days, for the rent of 

£29 5s. sterl., to be paid as followeth, viz., £9 15s. on the 2nd day of Cjber next, 

£9 15s. on the 26th of March, and ^9 15s. on the 29th day of September. Dated this 

27th of 8ber., 171 1. 

Signed by order, Saml. Birde, Dept. Recorder. 

Memo r — The above Jonas Stawell has passed bonds for the above sums. 

At a court held for the sd. burrough on Wednesday, the ninth of 
Cloughnakilty J anuar y> I 7 II i Mr - Edward Alleyn and Mr. John Evans were sworn 
freemen of this corporation before the undernamed burgesses. 
Robert Travers, Suffn. William Hull. 

John Honner. 

B rrouo-J f At a COUrt lielci for the said Durrou gh on Friday, the 25th day of 
Cloughnakilty. J uly ' I712 ' William Hull > J ohn Bourne, esqre, and Arthur Bernard, 
esqr» were elected and chosen to be p'sented unto the Rt. Honbie. 
Henry Boyle, to the end that one of them may be nominated and appointed to be 
suffrain for the next ensuing year, according to her Majesty's most gracious grant in 
that behalfe. 

Robert- Travers, Suff™., Richard Sweet, 

Richard Cox, Randel Warner, 

Robert Gillman, Joseph Jervois. 

Arnold Gookin, 


Att a court held for said burrough on Wednesday, the first of 8 ber -. 
Cloufrhnakiltv I 7 I2 > ^ r - William Mayne was sworn freeman of the sd. corpn. before 
the suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Robert Travers, Suffm., William Hull. 

Att a court held for the said burrough on St. Luke's day, being the 

CLnuirhnakiltv ^thof 8ker., 1712, Arthur Bernard, esq., one of the free burgesses of the 

said corporation, pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the 

Rt. HonWe. Henry Boyle, lord of this burrough, was sworn suffrain of the said 

burrough, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the late suffrain and 

undernamed burgesses. 

Robert Travers, Suffr»- John Bourne, 

Robt. Travers, John Honner, 

Joseph Jervois, Arnold Gookin, 

Richd. Cox, Robert Gillman. 

At the same court John Mead and Nicholas Bennett were sworn serjts. of the sd. 

At the same court Morris Crosby and Abraham French were sworn freemen of the 
said corporation before the suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Arth. Bernard, Suffni. Richard Cox. 

William Hull. 

Abraham French, probably son of Alderman James French, of Cork. 
Abraham was admitted freeman of Cork on his father's death, 17 n. 

Att a court held for the said burrough the 5th of March, 17 12, 
(T "J akiltv Capt- Harry Freke was sworn burgess of the said corpn. before the 
suffrain and undernamed burgesses. At the same court Mr. Nathaniel 
Danger was sworn freeman of the said corporation. 

Arthr- Bernard, Suff"'-. Arnold Gookin. 

Recognisance of the peace, taken before Arthur Bernard, esq r > suffrain, this 26th 
day of May, 1713, Dermod Donovan, bound over to the next sessions to be held for 
the corporation, obliges himself in the sum of twenty pounds sterl. for his appearance. 

Alexander Arundel acknowledges himself to be indebted to the Queen in the sum 
of ten pounds sterl. that the said Donovan shall appear at the next session, and that 
the said Donovan shall not depart the court without lycence. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Wednesday, the 27th day 
r>i i'^i-u of May, 1713, the undernamed psons. were sworn freemen of the 
corporation before Arthur Bernard, suffrain, and the undernamed 
burgesses. Thomas Ware, John Woods, Charles \ 'iniole, William White, William 
Daunt, John Gush, George Clerke, Thos. Smith, John Gibson, Daniel Keeffe, Michael 
Hornbrook, Alexander Arandall, Florence Donovan, Willm. Spiller, Robert Morley, 
John Howard, William House, Robt. Cusick, Willm. Stone, Daniel Heginton, Joseph 
Bennett, George Muney, Thos. Legbetter, John Martin. 

Arthur Bernard, Suff., John Honner, 

Will Hull Robert Gillman. 


At a court held for the s<* burrough on Saturday, the 25th of July, 
Burrough of Joseph Jervois, esq', Arnold Gookin, and William Hull were 

CloughnakiUy. ^^ ^ dected tQ bg presented unto the Rt. HonoWe Henry 

Boyle, to the end that he may nominate and appoint one of them to be suffrain for the 
next ensuing year, according to her Majesty's gracious grant in that behalf. 
Arthur Bernard, Sufi, Robt. Travers, 

John Honner, George Freke, 

John Bourne, Ran. Warner, 

Richard Sweet, Ha. Freke. 

At the same court Mr. William Lukey and Mr. John Sweet were sworn freemen ot 

the corporation, as allso Mr. Francis Beamish and Leutenant John Clerke were sworn 

freemen before Arthur Bernard, esq r > suffrain. 

Samuel Birde, Depty- Record. 

On Saturday, the 17th of 8ber, 1713, Mr. William Snow, Mr. John 

ri Urr °h S \-lt Leech > Mn Anthon y Harris, Mr. Arthur Keef, Mr. Francis Smith, were 

,oug ma t y. gworn freemen Q f tn j s corporation before the deputy suffrain and 

deputy recorder. Robert Gillman, Deputy Suffrn., 

Saml. Birde, Deputy Recorder. 

At a court held for the sd burrough on Saint Luke's Day, being the 
Burrough of h f 8ber; j OS eph Tervois, esqr, one of the free burgesses of 

CloughnakiUy. / .,.._■ , ■ ,. t c u 

the corporation, pursuant to the nomination and appointment ot the 

Rt. HonWe- Henry Boyle, Id. of sd. burrough, was sworn suffrn. of the sd. burrough, 
and has the ensigns of authority delivered unto him by the late suffrain and under- 
named burgesses. 

Arthur Bernard, John Bourne, 

Robert Travers, Robert Gillman. 

Arnold Gookin. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 19th day of 8ber, 1713, 
Burrough of Cq1l Richd< wm and Mr j oseph T er vois, junr, were sworn freemen 
CloughnakiUy. ^ . , _ ,„..,, 

belore the undernamed suffrain and burgesses. 

Joseph Jervois, Suffrn., Michael Beecher. 

At the same court Mr. William Hanglisr, Mr. Fardinando Spiller, and Mr. Saml. 
Gillberson were sworn constables, and Mr. John and Nicholas Bennett were sworn 
serg ts - 

At a court held for sd. burro, on Wednesday, 24th 8ber, 1713, Townesend Varion 
was sworn freeman before me. 

Joseph Jervois, Suff, Robt. Gillman. 

7 . The suffrain, the undernamed burgesses, and deputy recorder have 
Burrou rr h of 

CI rhnakiltv Set Unto ^ amuel Gillbertson the fairs and markets, tolls and customs, 
for the rent of ^30 5s. sterl. for one year, to be paid in three gales — 
viz., the 1st day of o>r, 1713; the 26th March, 1714 ; and the 30th of 7ber, 1714. 
Dated the 21st day of 8ber, 17^, Signed by order, 

Saml. Birde, Dept. Record. 


This day being the 24th 9 ber > 17 14, the former election being by 
CI 0/ wk'lfa l ^ e b ur S esses °f tne burrough laid aside, they came by the direction 
and opinion of the recorder, Francis Bernard, esq r . hereunto annexed, 
to a new election, and chose Joseph Jervois, esq r . present suffrain. Robert Gillman 
and Arnold Gookin were chosen and elected to be presented unto the Rt. Hon. Henry 
Boyle, to the end that one of them may be nominated and appointed to be suffrain for 
the next ensuing year; and, pursuant to the appointment of the said Henry Boyle, 
Joseph Jervois, esq r i was sworn suffrain of the sd. burrough, and had the ensigns of 
authority delivered unto him. 

Arthur Bernard, Robt. Gillman, 

Geor. Freke, George Wandesford. 

Richard Sweet. 

Pursuant to a precept directed to the suffrain, burgesses, and 
^1 1 ; tv/Ai commonalty of this burrough, returnable on Friday, the 20th day of 
9 ber next, grounded on her Majesty's writt of summons, to choose two 
burgesses of the most discrete and sufficient men of the said town to be and appr. at 
the next parliament to be held at Dublin on the 20th day of 9 ber next, wee, the 
said suffrain and burgesses and comonalty elected and chosen S r Ralph Freke and 
Brigadier George Freke to serve in the said parliament, this 28th of 8t> er > 1713. 
Joseph Jervois, Suffrn-, Arthur Bernard, 

Robert Travers, Robt. Gillman, 

Jonas Travers, Arnold Gookin, 

Michl. Beecher, Randle. Warner, 

Robt. Travers, John Bourne. 

John Honnor, 

At a court holden for sd. burrough on Tuesday, the 19th day of 
Cln <r] \akiUo J anu ' I 7 I 3i Mr. Robert Salmon was admitted an att r - for the sd. 
burrough. Signed by order, 

Saml. Birde, Dept. Recordr- 

At a court holden for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 3rd of 
,./ .,' */,//, March, 1713, Capt. John Birde was sworn freeman of the said corpo 1 " 
' before me. Joseph Jervois, Suffn- 

At the same court John Arandell and Dan 1 Donovan were sworn freemen of this 
corporation before Joseph Jervois, esq r > suff n - Signed by order, 

Saml. Birde, Dept. Recdr. 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 21st of April, 
,..' , * ,./ f 1 7 14, Humphry Harrington was sworn freeman before Joseph 
Jervois, esq r - suffrn- Signed by order, 

Sam«- Birde, Dept. Rec. 

At the same court Josiah Bateman was sworn freeman before the sd. suffraia 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Saturday, the 7th of August, 
™ ; * 7 ?j 17 14, Mr. Percy Donovan, Barth w Donovan, and Mr. Morgan Donovan 
were sworn ireemen of sd. corpor. before the suffrain. 

Joseph Jervois, Suff rn - 


At a court held for the sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 8th of 
jtfurroug Of g ept I7I , Cant. George Wandisford was sworn free burgess of the 
Cloughnakilty. ,,,,„.. , , , , 

sd. corpor. before the suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Joseph Jervois, Suff rn > Geor. Freke, 


George, second son of Sir Christopher Wandesford, Viscount Castle- 
comer and Earl Wandesford, by Elizabeth, daughter of George Montague, 
of Horton, Northants. George Wandesford succeeded his nephew as 
fourth viscount in 1736. He married Susanna, daughter of the Ven. 
John Griffith, archdeacon of Killaloe, and had a son, John, fifth viscount 
and two daughters. The title is now extinct. 

At a court of record held for sd. burrough on St. Luke's day, being 

n 1 * 1.-T4 the 18th of October, 1714, Joseph Jervois, esq r . was continued suffrain 
Cloughnakilty. , . \ , , , , -,,-,, 

for the ensuing year by the undernamed burgesses, and had the ensigns 

of authority delivered to him. 

John Bourne, Ha. Freke, 

Arnold Gookin, Geo. Wandisford, 

Robt. Gillman, Geor. Freke. 

At a court held for the sd. burrough, the 27th 8ber, 17 14, Benjamin Herd was sworn 
freeman of the sd. corporation before me. Joseph Jervois. 

Burrough of At a court held on Monday, the first of a>r, 1714, Mr. Jonathan 

Cloughnakilty. Tanner was sworn freeman of the said corporation. 

Joseph Jervois, Suff™- 

Burrough of Generalis sessio, gracis Tenta, and burgibus P. edict & libertatiby 
Cloughnakilty. ejusdem on Wednesday, die 9 brii, 1714, coram. 

Josephus Jervois, esq r > Suffrain. 

Non. Jur. Inquister.— Edward Warner, Willm- Daunt, John Woods, Francis Smith, 
Robert Manley, John Clarke, Edward Spiller, John Bennett, jun>-, John Arandell, Daniel 
Carty, Thos Baily, Henry Hayes. 

( To be coiitimied.) 

CORK M.PS. 37 

Cork jVlp's., 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the Union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

Morres, Lodge Evans (afterwards Lord Frankfort). 

M.P. Bandon, 1775-83 ; 1783-9°; i79°-9 6 - 

Son of Redmond Morres, barrister-at-law, by Elizabeth, only daughter and heir of 
Francis Lodge, of Dublin, and nephew of first Viscount Mountmorres. 

He was born 26th January, 1747; barrister-at-law, 1769; ll.d. {lion, cau.) t.c.d., 
1770; receiver-general of the Post Office; high sheriff, county Kilkenny; principal 
secretary to the Lord Lieutenant, and privy councillor, 1795 ; master of Permit Office 
and Lord of the Treasury, 1797. In 1783 he was elected for Newtown, county Down, 
as well as for Bandon, but sat for the latter; was M.P. also for Inistiogue, 1768-76; 
Ennis, 1796-97; Dingle, 1798-1800; created (as a reward for his vote for the Union) 
Baron Frankfort 30th July, 1800, and Viscount Frankfort dc Montmorency 22nd 
January, 1816. He assumed in 181 5 the name of De Montmorency, in lieu of Morres, 
alleging a descent — which is unproven, and seems to be purely imaginary— from the 
great French house of that name. 

He married, first, in January, 177 1, Mary, daughter of Joseph Fade, the Quaker 
banker, of Dublin {see my "Old Dublin Bankers," vol. iii.,-page 102, of the Journal), 
but she d.s.p. 7th February, 1787; he married secondly, 6th August, 1804, Catherine, 
daughter of Mr. George White, of Castle Bellingham (she died 1851), and had issue. 
Ancestor of the present Viscount Frankfort. He died 22nd September, 1822. 

Morris, Abraham, of Hanover Hill. 

M.P. Cork County, 1791-97- 

Eldest son of Jonas Morris, of Barleyhill, j.p., by Mary Townsend. 

He was high sheriff of county Cork, 1760 and 1782; j.p. ; was a partner in the 
bank of Morris, Leycester and McCall {see Journal, p. 9, vol. ii.j. 

He married, 16th July, 1779, Thomasine, daughter of William Connor, m.p. {(/.v.), 
and died 1822, leaving issue. Ancestor of Morris of Dunkettle. 

Morris, Jonas, of Cork. 

M.P. Cork City, 1731, till his decease in 1735. 
Doubtless related to the foregoing, but not his father. 

Morris, Samuel, of Ballyhegan [sic), Kerry. 

M.P. Castlemartyr, 1695-99. 

Son of Samuel Morris, of Ballybeggan. 

Was a colonel in the army ; was M.P. also for Tralee, 1703-13; 17*3-14 i I7 J 4 tiU 
his death in the same or following year. 

Murrough (or Morrogh), Andrew. 

M.P. Kinsale in James II.'s Parliament, 1689. 

Son and heir of James Murrough (or Morrogh), of Cork (1668), and "brother and heir 
to James Murrough — his elder brother — in 1663. 


Entered Gray's Inn, 1668 ; a barrister-at-law ; elected and sworn in as recorder ot 
Kinsale, 28th February, 1687, under the new charter granted to the borough by King 
James. Was one of the assessors for county Cork for James II.'s tax on personal 
estates " for the benefit of trade and commerce." Lost in the Williamite confiscations 
property of an annual value of ^80. 

MacCarthy, Charles, of Ballea. 

M.P. Bandon in King James II.'s Parliament, 1689. 

Son of Teige MacCarthy, of Ballea. Was a colonel in James II.'s service. 

He married Joan, fourth daughter of Teige (or Duna) MacCarthy, by his second 
wife, Honora O'Donovan, and died 8th May, 1704, and buried at Kilcrea. 

MacCarthy (Reagh), Daniel. 

M.P. Bandon in James II.'s Parliament, 1689. 

Son and heir of Cormac (or Charles) MacCarthy Reagh by Eleanor, daughter of Cormac 
(MacCarthy), Viscount Muskerry, and nephew maternally of Donough, Earl of Clan- 
carty (see MacCarthy Donough, m.p). 

In 1688 he raised for King James a regiment of infantry. Was deputy lieutenant 
of Cork county, 1690. 

He married Maria, daughter of Richard Townscnd, m.p. {q.v.), and widow of 

Owen, and had issue two daughters, who died unmarried. He died 1691. 

MacCarthy, Daniel " Fion." 

M.P. Clonakilty in James II.'s Parliament, 1689. 

"Sovereign" of Clonakilty, having been appointed by the new charter granted by 
King James, 12th July, 1688. 

MacCarthy, Sir Donough, knt. (afterwards Viscount Muskerry and Earl 
of Clancarty). 

M.P. Cork County, 1634-39. 

Eldest son of Cormac Oge MacCarthy (who was created Baron of Blarney and 
Viscount Muskerry, 1628), by Lady Margaret O'Brien, daughter of fourth Earl of 

He was born 1594; succeeded as Viscount Muskerry, 1640; general of the King's 
(Charles I.) forces in Minister, 1641 ; created Earl of Clancarty, 1658. 

He married Mary Butler, sister of first Duke of Ormonde, and had issue (see 
MacCarthy, Justin, m.p.) He died 1665. (For a full account of his life, see Diet. Nat. 
Biog.; Webb, etc.) 

MacCarthy, Dermot, of Lohort. 

M.P. Cork County, 161 3. 
Son of Owen MacCarthy. 

He had letters-patent 13th James I., of the greater part of Duhallow; he borrowed 
from Sir Philip Perceval, on the security of the lands of Kanturk, Lohort, etc., a sum 
of money " more than the entire worth of the estates." MacCarthy joined the rebels 
in i64i,and lost his equity of redemption, and being in default, Perceval entered into 
possession of the estates, which are still held by his descendant, the Earl of Egmont. 

MacCarthy, Justin (afterwards titular Viscount Mountcashell). 

M.P. Cork County in James II.'s Parliament, 1689. 

Third son of Donough MacCarthy, Earl of Clancarty {q.v.); was created Viscount 
Mountcashell, by King James; but the title— like all those conferred by him after his 
abdication of the English throne, but while he was dc jure King of Ireland— was not 

CORK M.P S. 39 

He died at Barrege, in France, of a wound received five years previously. 

He married Lady Arabella Wentworth, daughter of the famous Earl of Strafford, 
and had issue two daughters. (For a full account of his career, see O'Callaghan's 
Irish Brigades ; Diet. Nat. Biog.; Webb, etc.) 

MacCarthy, Owen. 

M.P. Clonakilty in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 

Colonel of King James's 36th Regiment, 1689. Went to France with the King, 1690. 

" Descended from Sir Owen MacCarthy, fourth son of Donald Fineen MacCarthy 
Reagh, and Elinor, daughter of Gerald, eighth Earl of Kildare."— Smith. 

McDonnell, Charles, of New Hall, Ennis. 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1797- 1800. 

Sim of Charles McDonnell, M.P., by Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward O'Brien, of 
Dromoland, bart. 

Born 1 76 1 ; lieutenant-colonel commanding the Earl of Bclvidere's Regiment in 
Canada; M.P. also for Clare and Yarmouth; a Commissioner of Accounts, 1802. 

He married 17th February, 1785, Bridget, third daughter of John Bayly, of Des- 
borough (she died 15th March, 1800), and had issue. Ancestor of New Hall family. 
He died 6th September, 1803. 

Nagle, David, of Carrigoone. 

M.P. Mallow in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 
Had a son, Joseph Nagle, who was admitted to Gray's Inn, 1696. 

Nagle, Sir Richard, knt. 

M.P. Cork County in James II. s Parliament, 1689. 

Son of James Nagle, of Clogher, county Cork: admitted Gray's Inn, 1663; a barrister- 
at-law ; succeeded Sir William Dunville as Attorney-General (I.), 1686; speaker of 
James II. 's Parliament, held in Dublin; Secretary of State, and Secretary for War. 
" He was at first designed for the priesthood and educated amongst the Jesuits, but 
afterwards studied the law, in which he arrived to a good perfection, and was employed 
by many Protestants." Drew up the Act of Settlement, and Act of Attainder. Author 
of the Coventry Letter, 26th October, 1686, in which he proposed repealing these Acts. 
Arrived with Lord Tyrconnell and Sir Stephen Rice in Galway, in January, 1691, 
with ,£8,000, to carry on the war against William III. In August, 1691, he, with 
Sir Alexander Fitton and Mr. Plowden, were appointed by James, Lord Justices of 
Ireland, by a commission brought over from France by Plowden, but it never took 
effect. He was knighted 20th February, 1686-7, by Lord Deputy Tyrconnell. He 
resided at Carrignaconny Castle, county Cork. 

He married Jane, eldest daughter of James Kearney, of Rathcoole, county Tip- 
perary, and had issue. His eldest son Richard, married Anne, daughter of < )liver Grace, 
of Shangaragh, and d.s.p. ; another son married Margaret, daughter of Colonel Walter 
Burke, of the Mayo family. 

Sir Richard Nagle's brother Pierce, was high sheriff, county Cork, 1689, and 
married Mary Kearney, or O'Kearney, sister of Lady Nagle. (See Diet. Nat. Biog.; 
Webb ; Afacaula/s History^ etc.) 

Newenham, Thomas, of Coolmore. 

M.P. Cork City, 1751-60. 

Son of William Newenham, of Coolmore, by Dorothea, daughter and heir of Edward 
Worth, baron of the Exchequer. 

He was born 27th August, 1729; married, first, Hon. Susannah Wandesforde, 
daughter of George, Viscount Castlecomer; she d.s.p. 1754. Married secondly, March, 


1760, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Dawson, of Castle Dawson; she died 
24th December, 1763, leaving issue. Ancestor of present Coolmore family. He was 
high sheriff of Cork, 1756, and died 1766. 

Norris, Sir John, knt. 

M.P. Cork County, 1585. 

Son of Henry, Lord Norris, of Rycote. 

Was Lord President of Munster, 1584 ("fee ^130 6s. 8d."), but resigned in 1585, 
on being sent "to the assistance of the Hollanders;" colonel-general of the English 
in the Low Countries; knighted in Holland, by Lord Leicester, 1586; marshal of the 
Army under Hohenlohe, and general of the Auxiliary English in Brittany ; settled 
the House of Braganza on the throne of Portugal. Was sent in 1595 against Tyrone 
and the Ulster rebels, with whom he made a truce, which was broken by Tyrone, and 
his failures in this business are said to have so humiliated him as to have hastened 
his death. 

He died unmarried 1597. (See Spencer's sonnet to him, Smith's Cork, vol. 1, p. 324. 
See Diet. Nat. Biog.; Webb; Froude., etc.) 

Nugent, Major-General George (afterwards Sir George Nugent, bart.) 

M.P. Charleville, 1800. 

Illegitimate son of the Hon. Edmund Craggs Nugent, son of Earl Nugent. 

He was born 10th June, 1757; married 15th November, 1797, Marie, seventh daughter 
of Cortlandt Skinner; she died 24th October, 1834. Was a field marshal in the Army; 
g.c.b. ; d.c.l. ; colonel 6th Regiment; adjutant-general (I.) 1799; governor of Jamaica, 
1801-6. M.P. also for Buckingham, 1790-1S02; Aylesbury, 1806-12; Buckingham, 
1818-32. Created a baronet " for military services," 28th November, 1806. Ancestor 
of present baronet of West Harling, Norfolk. He died nth March, 1849. 

O'Brien, Donogh, of Duough, Clare. 

M.P. Mallow, 1634. 

Eldest son of Teige O'Brien, of Duagh, by Mary, daughter of Murtagh O'Brien, of 
Doon-Arragh, and descended from Donald, son of Connor, the last "King" of Thomond, 

His estates were forfeited by Cromwell, but restored by Charles II. He was M.P. 
also for Clare, 1639. 

He married Honora, daughter of Connor O'Brien, of Leimanach, and had issue. 

O'Brien, Hon. James, of Dublin. 

M.P. Charleville, 1725-27; Youghal, 1727-60. 

Third son of William, third Earl and eighth Baron of Inchiquin, by Mary, daughter of 
Sir Edward Villiers. Was a captain of Foot; collector of the Port of Drogheda. 
1 73 D -54. and of the Port of Cork, 1755-67. 

He married Mary, daughter of Very Rev. William Jephson, dean of Kilmore (she 
died 1760), and had issue. His son succeeded to the earldom and was created 
Marquess of Thomond. Ancestor of the extinct Marquesses of Thomond. He died 
17th December, 1771. 

O'Callaghan, Hon. Sir Robert William. 

M.P. Bandon, 1797-1800. 
Second son of first Lord Lismore. 

Born October, 1777; colonel 39th Regiment; lieut.-general ; commanded the 
forces at Madras; k.c.b. He died 9th June, 1840, unmarried. 

(To be continued.) 



Jsfotes and Queries. 


Contributed by Robert Day : An acct. Worke done at the North and South Bridges. 
/. F. Lynch : Some Stray Notes. 
K. IV.: J. Vaughan Thompson, Naturalist. 
Mananaan Mac Lir: A Cork "Punch." 
William Callagli an : Minerva Rooms, Cork. 

Breviator: Phelim O'Connor, of Kerry— Rev. Joseph Synge — Lieut.-Colonel 
Michael Synge — Philip "Ash"— Springmount, etc. — McCartie of Clidaxe. 

















"An acct. Worke Done at the North and South Bridges, October, 1710. 

Carpenters — ■ 

William Smith, 9 dayes, at 2s. 6d. pr. day . . 

his man, 9 dayes, at is. 6d. pr. day 

his son, 9 dayes 

William Cook, 9, at 2s. pr. day 

Two Sawyers, 4 dayes 

Labourers— Phillip Kelley, 8 dayes 

Teige Carthy, 4 dayes 

Daniell Carthy, 3 dayes 

4 Porters „ „ 

2 Labourers ,,,,.. 

Saml. Woodroffe, overfeeing 9 dayes, is. 6d. pr. day 

£+ 17 6 
' Mr. Perry, 

Pay the above four pounds, seventeen shillings and sixpence, for mending ye 
bridges of ye North and South Gates. Edward Hoare, Mayr. 

Reed, the Contence of the above order, October ye fourth, 17 10. 

Sam. Woodroffe."' 
I copy the above from the original in my possession. It is of interest as a contrast 
of the rates of wages paid in Cork then and now. In 17 10 a skilled carpenter earned 
2/6 per day ; a sawyer, 1/6 ; labourers, 6d. ; porters or messengers, 3d. ; and unskilled 
labourers the same ; and the foreman overseer, 1/6 per day. 

Here is another document of a somewhat similar kind, but the outlay was upon a 
less enduring structure — the Town Wall. 

"Corporation. Dr. for Repairring the town walls neere Banheld's Slipp, 
May 2, 171 1. 

half a lighter stones 
2 barrill's Lime, at i8d. 
a small Boat sand 
Mafsons and Labourers work 

. ^o 13 6 
We have examined the above amt., thirteeen shillings and sixpence, and finde the 
workes don. Wm. Goddard. 

Era. Cottklll." 











In these "good old times" the Mayor of our City was paid in somewhat the same 
proportion as the skilled mechanic, for here is a receipt for a "quarters allowance." 

"Reced. of Geo. Piersy, by ye order of Mr. Jonathan Perry, Chamberlin of ye 

Citty of Cork, ye sume of fifty pounds sterg. for my quarters allowance, ending 

ye 24th inst, witness my hand this 26th day of June, seventeen hundred and 

eleven (17 1 1.) Edward Hoare, Mayr." 

Robert Day. 

Some Stray Notes. — The writer of the paper " Folk-Lore of the Months," in 
the December number of the Journal, derives Knawhill, a townland in the parish of 
Knocktemple, barony of Duhallow, from Cr)4ttJ fujl. This, I think, must be a 
mistake, for O'Donovan, in his supplement to O'Reillys Dictionary, gives Cl}4''JC0lll 
as the Irish form of this name. It means the wood of bones. There was another and 
better known Ct)4U)C0]U, in the parish of Kilshane, barony of Clanwilliam, about a 
mile and a half east of the town of Tipperary, now corrupted to Cleighile. It lay near 
the old road leading from Cashel to Cork. This is evident from the following passage 
in the Annals of the Four Masters : — " 1600. O'Neill marched from Cashel, westward 
across the river Suir, and set out for Kinsale, by the route of Cnamh-Choill and 
Sliabh na Muice, keeping to the east side of Sliabh Claire, and passing through 
Bearna Dhearg, into Clangibbon and Roche's Country." Dr. Todd, in the Wars of 
G.G., translates CT)4ri)C0)U, " hazle or nutwood." I think, however, he must have 
confused Crjdlij, "a bone," with Ctjort), "a nut." Lough Gur has a rival for the posses- 
sion of the impatient serpent. Miss Banim, in Here and There Through Ireland, has the 
following account of him : — "There was only one sarpint left in the entire universal 
island, an' that one St. Patrick chained deep down in a lake on the top of the Galtee 
mountains, that you may have heard tell of away in Tipperary. St. Patrick told him 
he would never leave that until he himself would come of a Monday to set him free. 
Every Monday morning the sarpint comes to the surface of the lake and calls out, ' Is 
it time yet, Patrick ?' Patrick answers, ' It's not the Monday yet.' When the sarpint 
says, ' Is fadha Luan e, Padraic' (It's a long Monday, Patrick), an' sinks again for 
another week." When preparing the paper on " Lough Gur," for the Journal, I con- 
versed with several old people living beside the lake, but I did not get any tales of 
serpents from them. I heard numerous stories of various appearances of the Earl 
of Desmond, and another visitant, whom the people call the Dwarf. The latter appears 
at rarer intervals than Earl Gerald. He is generally described as having a long red 
beard and whiskers trailing behind him. The people speak pretty freely of the Earl, 
but they have a certain dread of this dwarf, and do not like to talk about him. The 
lake is said to belong to him, and he, I am informed, appeared to and threatened two 
men recently who were taking more than their fair share of fish from the lake. The 
story of the dwarf is an old one, older, perhaps, than the Desmond legend. The old 
people consider the lake is named from an Irish chief, and they may possibly have 
taken "gair"in its usual meaning of " short," and thus Lough Gair might mean the 
lake of the short fellow. I consulted several competent Irish scholars as to the 
meaning of the name of the lake, but they could only confess their ignorance, so, on 
the principle that it is better to have guessed and lost than never to have guessed at 
all, I gave some possible explanations in the Journal. O'Donovan mentions the name 
of the lake in his supplement to O'Reillys Dictionary, but gives no hint as to the 
meaning. Gair, meaning "head," occurs in a line quoted by O'Connellan from one of the 
Seabright MSS. in Trinity College, Dublin. Of me 2lm4U5er) 5lllT)5el, 34m 5Uf 
51161)46, "I am Amergin Glungel, of hoary head and gray beard." Dr. Joyce gives 


many instances in Irish Names, in which Cor, meaning a "round hill," occurs, and 
Dineley names the high hill on which the Munster fort was built, Carrigmore ; so, 
despite the dwarf, the fort may have been named from the hill, and the name after- 
wards transferred to the lake. The late Mr. John Fitzgerald, who knew a great deal 
about the lake, and who has been referred to in such kind terms by Mr. Robert Day in 
the Journal, was of opinion that Gair was a contraction of a longer word. There was 
a celebrated fort in the Dalcassian territory, which has not been identified, called Dun 
Doghair. In a poem, quoted by O'Curry from Dubhthach na Lugair, a.d., 432, it is 
referred to, and in such a way as to put it, I think, on a level with Cruachain and 
Emhain, the Connaught and Ulster capitals. In the Wars of G.G., Brian Boroimhe 
is reported as saying " that his grandfather, Lorcan, would not permit the seven great 
battalions to burn the ford of U. Doghair for four days and four nights.'" Dr. Todd 
takes U to be written for Ui, " descendants," but it may be a mistake in the manuscript 
for Dun. The name being written Dun Gair in the Book of Rights appears, however, 
to be against this explanation. O'Donovan identities two of the seats of the King of 
Cashel as having been at Lough Gur. These were CathairChinn Chon and Dun Gair. 
Between these two forts, in both the prose and poetical list of the Book of Rights, 
there is a fort named Dun Fir Aen Cholca. From its position in the lists, this fort, I 
consider, must also have been at Lough Gur, and, perhaps, is to be identified with the 
strongly-fortified fort on Knockfinnel. It had the same outer walls as are visible to- 
day surrounding Dun ^Enghuis, in Aran More. Another interesting point of connection 
between these two forts is, that Asal, who settled at Toryhill, was brother to /Enghus, 
the traditional Firbolg builder of Dun /Enghuis. Another of the Munster forts of the 
King of Cashel was named Ebliu, from Ebliu, daughter of Guare, and wife of Mairid, 
King of Munster, about the close of the first century of our era. Ebliu is the subject of 
a peculiarly wild legend, which is related in the "Lebor na h-uidre." She induced her 
stepson, Eochaidh, to carry her off, and Eochaidh and she went to live in the district, 
then called Liath-muine, but now covered by Lough Neagh, which was caused by the 
overflow of a magic well. Lough Neagh took its name from Eochaidh. It is a con- 
traction of Loch n-Echach, that is " the lake of Eochaidh." Now, about a mile north of 
Murroe, in the county Limerick, there is a conspicuous hill, on the top of which there is 
an earthen fort, marked in the Ordnance Map, "Lis Gorey," but which the people call the 
fort of John Guare, this John Guare having been a giant who lived here in the old 
times, and who had a brother living on the top of a hill, about three miles to the east. 
Beside these two hills flows a little stream named Ahanetawney (the little ford of the 
green field). When Guare's brother wished to communicate with him he threw some 
milk into the stream. A few miles to the north lie the Slieve Felim mountains. These 
mountains are twelve in number, and the old name is Sljab l)-6blji)'ij JMoMJ) 
5l)U4)Ite, "the mountain range of Ebliu, the daughter of Guare." As John Guare is not 
a very dignified name to bestow upon a giant, I would suggest that John Guare is a 
corruption of jr)5Jt)) 51)U4)|ie, and that Lis Gorey is the Ebliu of the Book of Rights. 

J. F Lynch. 

J. Vaughan Thompson, Naturalist. — Lived in Cork or Oueenstown in early 
part of the century. Best work done between 1820-1840. Particulars wanted of his 
history and private life ; also, to know if there is any portrait extant of him in any old 
prints. R. \Y. 

A Cork " Punch." — I have a copy of No. 3 of The Bizarre Gazette which was 
"printed by Joseph Roche at his printing establishment, 36, Cook Street, Cork, 



Shrovetide, 1S57." It has contributions by J. Freke Slingsby, D. F. McCarthy, and 

a beautiful metrical version of the reproach of the Emperor Theodosius by St. 

Ambrose. The principal piece is a mock-heroic poem, entitled, " The very woful 

Ballad of the Count Blad Y. Rara," signed D. L. To how many numbers did this 

journal run, and who were the principal contributors ? 

Mananaan Mac Lir. 

Minerva Rooms, Cork. — Can any member of the Society give me any informa- 
tion regarding the " Minerva Rooms," Cork ; also, who was a William Roderick 
O'Connor, ballad writer, 1818? William Callaghan. 

Melton Mowbray. ___^ 

Phelim O'Connor, of Kerry. — In FitzGerald pedigree (Journal, vol. iii., p. 225) 
he is maternal grandfather of John of Callan (1261). Who was Phelim, and how 
connected with main stem of O'Connor, Kerry ? 

Rev. Joseph Synge (brother to George, bishop of Cloyne, temp. Charles I.), 
married Anne, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Ashe, of St. John's Abbey, Meath. 
What family had said Joseph Synge ? Any descendants living ? 

Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Synge.— Ob. circ, 1720. Whose son? Sister 
married Townsend, of Castletownsend, county Cork. Colonel's will, at Dublin, men- 
tions Captain John Hart (governor of Maryland, 1714 et scq.). Was Hart connected 
with Synge family ? Of what family was Hart V What arms ? 

Philip "Ash." — Ensign, Sir Heward Oxburgh's Regiment, King James' Irish 
Army, 1688 (D'Alton's List, vol. ii., p. 667.) Of family of Sir Thomas Ashe, of St. 
John's Abbey, Meath ? 

Springmount, etc. — D'Alton mentions Springmount, Kilcow, and Cluantariff, 
as places adjoining (King Ja?nes' Army List, vol. ii., p. 330.) In Cork or Kerry ? 

McCartie of Clidane.— Hayes says : "Branch of McCartie More" (vol. ii., p. 183, 
Ballads of Ireland). How? Where is Clidane ? Breviator. 

Original pocun\eats. 

3nDe£ aestamentorum olim in IRegistro Covcacua:. 

No. Name. 

59 Bubb, Roger, of Corke 

60 Brooks, Adrian, of Corke 

61 Benson, Thomas, of Kinsale 

62 Bond, Ellinor, of Corke 

63 Bond, John, of Corke 

64 Bennis, Thomas, of Corke . . 

65 Barrett, Edmund, of Corke . . 

66 Barrett, James, of Gurtin .. 

67 Bennis, Richard, of Limerick 

68 Blackwell, George, county Clare 

69 Burk, Elizabeth, of Rathcormuck 

165 I 















1 12 




Bettsvvorth, Elizabeth, of Moyalloe . . 

Browne, Richard, of Kinsale 

Briant, John, of Kinsale 

Barry, Richard, of Robertstown 

Berry, Edward, of Cloghnakilty 

Bramble, Robert 

Brown, Tymothy, Hut 

Blunt, Anthony 

Barry FitzPhilip, John, of Carrigtohil 

Baynham, Mary, of Fermoy 

Burnell, Richard, of Garrane 

Brooks, Judith, of Bandon 

Barry, Philip, of Corrawahel 

Bluett, Christopher, of Youghall 

Bowler, John, of Corke 

Byrne, Adderly, of Bandon 

Bartlet, John, of Corke 

Busteed, Giles, of Mountlong 

Buller, Coll* John 

Baily, Henry, of Winsmill 

Butt, John, of Kilcolman 

Beade, Richard, of Clogheenes 

Beamish, John, of West Gulley 

Browne, John, of Bandon 

Bussell, Pascho, of Corke 

Button, Joan, of Bandon 

Buxton, John, of St. Finbarry's 

Bull, Michael, of Bandon 

Busteed, John, of Killanully 

Blackman, William, of Corke 

6 Bryne, Donnogh, of Coylecurra 

Brenagh, Edmund, of Ballynebressagh 

Branscomb, John, of Corke 

Brelsford, John, of Carewswood 

Browne, William, of Shallyvallybegg 

Barry, David, of Corke 

Bourne, John, of Bandon 

Bennett, George, of Mauld Collegge 

Brien, Catherine, of Kilnecurry 

Burk, Walter, of Curraghnalaghtte 

Busteed, William 

Boles, Francis, of Ballinlancebeg 

Bruce, James, of Castlelyons 

Butler, Tobie, of Antiqua, planter 

Barry, Edmund, of Tynegiragh 

Barry, Ellinor FitzEdmond 

Bull, William, of Bandon 

Baldwin, Walter, of Garrancooeingg 

Barrett, Andrew, of Ballincollig 



66 r 



4 6 


Xo. Name. 

119 Barrage, Mary, of Clonee .. 

120 Busteed, Thomas, of Jordanstovvn . 
I2i Ball, Catherine 

122 Bernard, Capt. Richd. 

123 Bryen, Daniel, of Ross 

124 Busteed, Luke, of Mountlong 

125 Bowler, James, of Kinsale 

126 Beamish, Francis, of Curravarahane 

127 Browne, Jane, of Kinsale .. 

128 Berry, John, of Corke 

129 Barrett, John, of Carrigrohane 

130 Bayly, John, of Castletreasure 

131 Beamish, Capt. Thos., of Bandon 

132 Barrett, Agnes, of Carrigrohane 

133 Baily, William 

134 Beamish, Francis, of Kilmoloada 

135 Burly, Joseph, of Corke 

136 Barter, Thomas, of Killeene 

137 Bradford, Robert, of Corke 

138 Barnett, Philip, of Kinsale 

139 Bevill, John, of Bantry 

140 Busteed, Richard, of Ballinure 

141 Bird, Nicholas, of Ballymodan parish 

142 Burrowes, Thomas, of Kinsale 

143 Blanchet, Robert, of the island of Finis (s/c.) 

144 Blanchet, Jane, of the same 

145 Boyle, John 

146 Britton, John, of the city of Corke 

147 Bull, John, of Bandon 

148 Brooking, John, of Cloughnekilty 

149 Beede, Thomas, of Corke 

1 50 Bickford, Richard, of Inishonane parish 

151 Bluett, Emanuel, of Bandon 

152 Bowler, James, of Kinsale . . 

153 Bradford, Godfrey 

154 Baldwin, James, of Polericke 

155 Braly, Susanna, of Bandon . . 

156 Bernard, Francis, of Castlemahon 

157 Bunny, John, of Aghadown parish , 

158 Baldwin, Walter, of Garraghnehonig 

1 59 Barter, William 

160 Baily, William, of Downderrow 

161 Belcher, Thomas, of Corke . . 

162 Bisse, Thomas, of Bandon . . 

163 Banfield, James, of Kinsale 

164 Baker, Jerman, of Bandon .. 

165 Bayes, James, of Kilgaruff . . 

166 Baldwin, Herbert, of Currovordy 

167 Brocklesby, Richard, of Corke 





No. Name. 

168 Bisse, Thomas, of Bandon 

169 Browne, Richard, of Kinsale 

170 Baily, John B., of Castlemore 

171 Burden, John, of Corke 

172 Boobyer, Martin, of Currahovve 

173 Buck, Thomas, of Bandon . . 

174 Bruce, Walter, of Skull parish 

175 Berry, Robert, of Corke 

176 Bryan, William, of Ross 

177 Baily, Sarah, of Castlemore 

178 Bragg, John, of Rathcony parish 

179 Brocklesby, Loveday, of Corke 

180 Bovven, William, of Dunny . . 

181 Buchanan, John, of Corke .. 

182 Boobyer, Kempthorn, of Kinsale 

183 Boyne, Baptistor, of Kinsale 

184 Bryant, Abel 

185 Beeton, George, of Corke . . 

186 Bryan, Stephen, of Rosscarbery 

187 Burnham, Walter, of Corke 

188 Bennett, George, of Mealnacolig 
1S9 Bullock, Capt. Nathl., of Corke 



(To be continued.) 

Review oj J3ooK. 

Eddies. By T. H. Wright. (Wexford : The Wood Printing Works). Price 2s. 

In a very beautiful ode in this dainty volume of verse it is said that 
" The land without a past is poor indeed." 
With this we entirely agree, but cannot help thinking that most countries with histories 
are like people who have had a past ; and when their greatness has become only a 
historic memory, they are to some degree not enviably circumstanced, as they occupy 
the position of one of whom some ancestor had been famous, and who is respected 
merely for the relationship which the accident of birth conferred. 

Irishmen are proud of their country's record ; nor can prejudice or enmity discover 
cause why they should be ashamed of it. But we believe that some time must yet 
elapse, and that something more remains to be done before we can truly hail her as 

" First flower of the earth, and first gem of the sea !" 
Therefore, whatever tends to foster material industries, and to enhance the apprecia- 
tion of the tine arts among us, should not only deserve but command our approval and 

The book before us, however, can stand on its own merits, independently of the 
considerations already given. Its agreeable and artistic appearance raises expecta- 
tions which are more than fulfilled by the contents. 


The principal poem, as we understand it to be, is an " Ode to Erin," which, 
although pitched in a high key, and written in a difficult metre, never once descends 
from its ambitioned altitude ; and, whilst exciting our warmest praise by its beautiful 
imagery and lovely poetry, charms us by the grace and ease of performance which 
characterise its every line. 

Religious poems are, usually, dangerous things to place before a public which is 
ever in quest of novelty. But those which make one division of this volume do not 
by any means require a special vocation to appreciate them ; for even from readers 
who may not sympathise with the author's beliefs, they must exact high commenda- 
tion, not only for their gentle piety, but also for their intrinsic excellence. 

The score or so of sonnets are, in our opinion, the best poems in the book. Here 
there is merit of a very high order. Was it Sir Walter Scott, when considering not 
only the bulk but the quality of the poetry which in his later days was continually 
pouring from the press, said it was well for him and others that they had made names 
for themselves some time before ? The poems we now refer to are a strong corrobora- 
tion of this. The author shows not only mastery over the sonnet form of poem, and 
this is, perhaps, the most difficult form of it, but is full of beauties which must strike 
the more as one becomes more appreciative of poetry and better acquainted with 
the knowledge of its art. 

The following we are tempted to quote : — 

Dost thou remember, Sweet, the garden door 

Through which we outward passed, we two alone, 
From cultured alleys to a wild thick sown 
With mingled gorse and fern, and studded o'er 
With boulders rude like some storm-beaten shore ? 
We sat us twain upon a mossy stone : 
Thoughts kept us silent, till the day full-blown 
Shed ils rose petals on earth's darkening floor. 

But when the stars stole forth in shining bands, 

From trembling lips deep passionate pleadings came. 

I know not : where is he who understands 
The alchymy of love's primeval flame ? 
But this I know, the world is not the same 

Since I have bowed to thy most dear commands. 

The " two sonnets from the Nation " are stately and impressive. The expression, 
the "cassocked Mars," used in referring to Dean Swift, in the sonnet written at Celbridge 
Abbey, is original and good. " The Rainbow," page 34, and the poem with the same 
heading, page 61, are interesting, apart from their poetical merits, as displaying 
different treatment of precisely the same thoughts by the same writer. The classical 
allusions scattered through the book, show us that Keats was not almost alone among 
the moderns in being able to invest the poetry of the ancients with new grace and 

In a word, it may be said that Mr. Wright's muse is distinguished for the greatest 
refinement of thought and the utmost elegance of expression, and his book should be 
welcomed by all lovers of genuine poetry, and especially by Corkmen, who, we believe, 
can claim the author for one of themselves, 

J. P. D. 

Second Series. — Vol. II., No. 14. 

[February, 1896. 



Cork Historical & Arch^ological 


€xtract5 Jrom Old jMiaute T3ooK oj puhallow T^unt, 

1800 to 1808. 

Copied by MAJOR JAMES GROVE-WHITE, J.P., 57 111 Regiment. 

(By permission of the Hon. Secretary Duhallow Hunt, Lieut. Hans Thomas Fell White, R.N.) 

[The minute book opens with a record of the first founding of the famous Duhallow Hunt 
and the rules adopted for its regulation. The reader will note the large number of well known 
names among the original members, and also the payment of hound-tax, the rent of coverts, and 
the small total of items paid for " keeping" the country.] 

HE first entry is: At a meeting of several gentlemen held at 
Cecilstown on Monday, the 29th September, 1800, the following 
resolutions were unanimously agreed to : — 

That a club be formed, to consist of the following members, 
to be called the Duhallow Hunt, and to meet and dine at Cecils- 
town the first Monday in every month. 

That the yearly subscription of each member be two [two 
scratched out and "three" put in pencil over the two] guineas, to 
be paid in advance on or before the first Monday in November in each year. 

That a committee be appointed, to consist of the following six [six scratched out 
and " seven " written over it in pencil] members who shall have power to meet and 
enter into such further resolutions for the government of this club as they shall think 
fit [" four to make a quorum " added]. 

That Arthur Bastable [over Arthur Bastable in pencil is written " W'm. Wallis"] be 
appointed treasurer and secretary for this year. 

At a meeting of the committee appointed to draw up resolutions for the regulation 
of the Duhallow Hunt, the following were agreed to this day of October, 1S00:— 


That the commencement of this club be from 29th September last, which day 
shall in future be the commencement of the year to and for which time the annual 
subscription of two ["three" in pencil over the " two "] guineas is to be paid in advance 
on and before the first Monday in each November [in pencil "last day of the November 
meeting "] subsequent to the 29th of September, and on which day officers for the 
ensuing year are to be chosen [from " subsequent to chosen " erased in pencil]. 

That the first Monday in every month (October, January and April excepted) the 
29th September, St. Stephen's Day and Patrick's Day be the days of meeting and 
dining together of this club. 

That when a gentleman is proposed to become a member of this club the person 
proposing him, being an original member, shall pay a deposit of two ["three " in pencil] 
guineas as and for his subscription (if admitted) for that year, to be returned if rejected, 
and that he be balloted for the next meeting day. 

This minute was altered in ink as follows :— 

That when a gentleman is balloted for and admitted the member proposing him 
shall pay three guineas as and for his subscription, otherwise the ballot to be made 
void for that year, and that he be balloted for the next meeting day after that on which 
he shall be proposed. 

That no gentleman be balloted for except on a meeting day, and the time of 
balloting be from half-past four to eight o'clock. One black bean in seven to exclude. 

That any person who shall happen to be rejected shall not be balloted for until 
twelve months after, and if twice rejected shall be considered ever after inadmissable. 

That any gentleman who shall omit to pay his subscription in advance on or before 
the first Monday [altered to " last meeting day"] in November in each year shall be 
considered no longer a member. 

That a president and vice-president be appointed every meeting day, the vice- 
president one day to be president the next, and to appoint a vice-president who is to 
succeed him as president, and appoint a vice-president. 

That a treasurer and secretary be appointed every year who is to keep the accounts 
of the club. 

That no stranger be permitted to dine at the club unless introduced by the 

That the bills of the day are to be paid by the treasurer, being- first signed by the 
president, which signature shall authorize the treasurer to discharge the same, provided 
the same does not exceed at the rate of six shillings and sixpence each man [this minute 
is erased]. 

That the uniform coat of the hunt be a blue frock with black cape and Duhallow 
Hunt button and a blue and yellow striped waistcoat. [This minute erased.] 

That the uniform coat of the hunt be scarlet. 

That the secretary do give notice in the newspaper, two posts, before each day of 
meeting, and where the members are to meet and dine. 

That the secretary do give notice in the newspaper three posts before first Monday 
in November in each year in the following words : — 

The members of the Duhallow Hunt are to take notice that Monday, the — day of 
November next [altered to " that the last day of the November meeting"] will be the 
last day for receiving subscriptions. Any gentleman neglecting to pay on or before 
that day will be no longer considered a member. 

That the president shall have the power of removing occasionally the place of 
dining from Cecilstown to Mallow until proper accommodation be provided at Cecils- 
town. [This minute erased.] 


That the club dine together in Cork one day in each assizes, of which due 
notice is to be given. 

That the time of receiving subscriptions be enlarged for this year only to the first 
Monday in December, many gentlemen who were appointed original members not 
having been informed of it. [This minute erased.] 

That any member wishing to suggest any new regulation to be adopted by 
the club do give it in writing to the president, to be by him submitted to the com- 

That the club be considered as closed from this date, and that no gentleman be 
hereafter admitted but by ballot. 

William Wrixon. 
William Harris. 
Robert de la Cour. 

Committee. — 

William Lysaght. William Wrixon Beecher. 

John Lysaght. James P. Glover. 

John N. Wrixon (in pencil). 

Elected 26th December, 1801. 

Members of the 

Names and Residences. 

William Wrixon, Ballygiblin. 
William Lysaght, Mount North. 
Edward Deane Freeman, Castlecor. 
William Wrixon Beecher, Creagh. 
John Longfield, Longueville. 
Richard Hare, Mallow. 
William Harris, Assolas. 
Denham Jephson, Mallow. 
Sir James L. Cotter, Rock forest. 
Lord Doneraile, Doneraile. 
John Wallis, Westwood. 
Hugh Norcott, Springfield. 
John Newman, Dromore. 
George Crofts, Churchtown. 
Colonel Howarth, Mallow. 
Major Croker, Ouartertown. 
Revd. R. Woodward, Mallow. 
John Nash, Ballymagooley. 
Sands. Palmer, Mallow. 
James Purcell, Glounanore. 
Richard Foot, Millford. 
George Stannard, Priory. 
William Franks, Carrig. 
Nicholas G. Evans, Carker. 
James Gubbings, Kenmare Castle. 
Thomas Ware. 
W. Atkins, Waterpark. 
Capt. Porter, Besborough. 
A. Newman, Kinsale. 
Robert de la Cour, Mallow. 
John Wrixon, Ballygiblin. 

Dun allow Hunt — 

Names and Residences. 

Nicholas Wrixon, Ballygiblin. 
Matthew Deane Freeman, Castlecor. 
Ralph Westropp, Cork. 
James FitzGerald, Cork. 
James Chatterton, Cork. 
Robert Swayne, Bantyre. 
William Dore, Mallow. 
John Lysaght, Woodpark. 
Charles Bastable, Bettyville. 
Revd. Freeman Crofts, Churchtown. 
Robert Atkins, Firville. 
Capt. Rowland, Cork. 
Henry Lysaght, Elmvale. 
James Baggs, Mallow. 
Nicholas Lysaght, Mount North. 
Henry Wrixon, Blossom fort. 
Edward Lysaght, Mount North. 
John Fennell, Cahir Abbey. 
John G. Newsom, Cork. 
Revd. M. Beecher, Dromore. 
Thomas Harris, Assolas. 
James P. Glover, Rockspring. 
Nicholas G. Evans, junr. 
William Longfield, Longueville. 
Henry Longfield, Longueville. 
Robert Longfield, Longueville. 
Thomas Dorman, near Cork. 
Joseph Gubbings, Kenmare Castle. 
Edward Allen, Cork. 
William Wallis, Mallow. 
Edward Lombard, Aldworth. 



Names and Residences. 

Thomas T. Coppinger, Carhue. 

Revd. A. McClintock, Kanturk. 

John Gregg, Currimount. 

Arthur Bastable, Spring grove. 

John N. Wrixon, Cork. 

William Purcell, Altimira. 

Henry Evans, Carker. 

Walter Evans, Carker. 

Nath. Evans, Carker. 

James Hill, Doneraile. 

John Power, Ruskeen. 

John Glover, Mallow. 

John Purcell, Templemary. 

James T. Glover, Droumcorbet. 

Revd. F. M. Cronin, Kilpatrick. 

Richard Harris, Killroe. 

Thomas Holmes, Ballyhaura. 

Thomas Flynn, Mount Ruby. 

Samuel Wrixon, Mallow. 

Revd. Francis Hewitt, Lombardstown. 

Edmund Kenifeck, Cork. 

Name and Residences. 

Pierce Hayes, Gurteen green. 
John Milvvood, Cahirmee. 
Revd. Robert Bullen, Newmarket. 
Holmes Hayes, Gurteen green. 
William Crofts, Mallow. 
John Philpot, Clonribbon. 
William Bullen, Ruskeen. 
Charles Crofts, Bantyre. 
Nicholas Hennessey, Mallow. 
John Hennessey, Mallow. 
Michael Nash, Carrigoon. 
Jeremiah Morgan, Cork. 
Richard Newsom, Cork. 
Moses Newsom, Cork. 
John Seward, Dromore. 
George Purcell, Cork. 
James Purcell, Cork. 
James Purcell, Altimira. 
Richard Maguire, Cork. 
Luke Philpot, Duarigille. 
George Foot, Cecilstown. 

Members Admitted by Ballot 

Lieut. Wilmot, Royal Artillery. 
Lieut. Ross, Royal Artillery. 
Richard Newman, Kinsale. 
Robert Bowen, Mallow. 
Henry Thornhill (Castle Kevin). 
Revd. John Chester, Mallow. 
Revd. Robert Longfield. 
William Busteed. 

Arthur Gibbings. 
Richard Tucker. 
William Atkins, Mallow. 
John Don Roche, Cork. 
William Hart. 
Richard Barrett, Mallow. 
George Foot, Millford. 

Mallow, ist Decetnber, 1800. At a General Meeting of the Club this day, pursuant 
to notice, the following members paid their subscriptions : — ■ 

Sir James L. Cotter. 
Robert de la Cour. 
James Baggs. 
Nicholas Hennessey. 
John Lysaght. 
John Seyward. 
James Gubbings. 

Joseph Gubbings. 
Ralph Westrop. 
Jeremiah Morgan. 
William Dore. 
William Wallis. 
Edward Howarth. 
William Franks. 

Honourable R. Hare. 
Denis Jephson. 
Henry Croker. 
John Newman. 
John Longfield. 
Thomas T. Coppinger. 

The President proposed Lieut. Ross, Lieut. Willmot, Richard Newman, Robert 
Bowen ; seconded by Vice-President. 

The vice-president appointed the Honourable Richard Hare to be his vice next 
meeting day, to be held at Carmichael's, on St. Stephen's Day. 

Mallow, December 26th, 1800. At a general meeting of the club this day, pursuant 
to notice, the following gentlemen were balloted for : — Lieut. Willmott and Lieut. 
Ross, of the Artillery ; Richard Newman, Robert Bowen — Admitted. 


Mallow, February 2nd, 1801. At a general meeting of the Club this day, pursuant 
to notice, the following gentlemen were balloted for : — 

Admitted— Henry Thornhill. Admitted — William Busteed. 

„ Rev. John Chester. ,, Arthur Gibbings. 

„ Rev. Robert Longfield. ,, Richard Tucker. 

The vice-president appointed Robert De la Cour, esq., to be vice-president next 
meeting day. 

March 17///, 1821. At a general meeting of the club this day, pursuant to notice, 
the following gentlemen were balloted for : — Admitted — William Atkins, John Don 

Mallozv, May 4J/1, 1801. At a general meeting of the club pursuant to notice, the 
following gentlemen were balloted for : — William Harte, admitted. 

The Vice-president appointed the Rev. Richard Woodward vice-president the next 

Mallow, ytk September, 1801. At a general meeting of the club, pursuant to public 
notice, William Wrixon, esq., reported to the club that the committee have taken into 
consideration the propriety of the Duhallow Hunt contributing for a purse to be run 
for at the ensuing Mallow races by county of Cork-bred hunters, and that the committee 
recommend it to the club to resolve the same. On proposing said resolution to the 
club, it was unanimously resolved that each member shall subscribe one guinea for the 
said purse, to be paid to William Wrixon Beecher, esq., steward. 

At a general meeting of the club, this 29th of September, 1801, the following 
gentlemen were balloted for and admitted: — George Foot, of Millford; Henry 
Lysaght, Elmvale ; Col. Bradford, Rev. D. Blake, Capt. Hunter, Richard Pcard, 

Col. Gibbings, president ; William J. Harte, vice-president, who appointed 
VV. W. Beecher vice for next. 

At a meeting of this club, pursuant to notice, the 2nd day of November, at Car- 
michael's, the following gentlemen were admitted : — U. P. Williamson, esq. ; Edmond 
Roche, esq. 

At a general meeting of the club, held the 8th December, 1S01, at Carmichael's, 

R. H. Pureed, Altimira, Henry Miluard, Cork, 

John Coppinger, of Carhue, Arthur Blennerhassett, Kerry (and 

Col. Baird, 67th Regt. Klmgrove), 

Gerald Thornhill, Castlekevin, Capt. Roberts, 62nd Regt., 

Capt. Fisher, R. Artillery, Hen. Evans, Royal Navy, 

were ballotted for and unanimously admitted. William Johnson Harte, president 
(absent); William Wrixon Beecher, vice-president, who appointed John Newman, of 
Dromore, esq., vice for the next day. 

At a meeting of the club, at Carmichael's, the 26th December, 1S01, 

William Harrington, Cork, John Croker, of Ballinaguard, 

Hen. Foot, Millford, Chr. Crofts, Velvetstown, 

Clem. Hume, Mallow, William Longfield, Longueville, 

John Evans, do., John Barry, M.D., Mallow, 

William Perry, 

December 26/I1, 1S01. Robert De la Cour was unanimously chosen one of the 
committee, in the room of William Lysaght, deceased. 


March 1st, 1802. The vice-president has appointed Ralph Westrop, esq., to be 
vice-president next meeting day. 

March 1 7 th, 1802. At a general meeting of the club, William Coppinger was unani- 
mously admitted. 

At a general meeting of the club, 4th of June, Henry Longfield (Longueville), was 
unanimously admitted. 

At a meeting of the Duhallow Club, held on Monday, the 5th day of December, 
the following gentlemen were unanimously admitted : — 

John Smyth, of Temple Michael. Francis Harvey, of Cork. 

Rev. Arthur Hyde, of Cork. Capt. O'Dell. 

Hon. Colonel Mahon, 9th Dragoons. 
The vice-president has appointed Edward Lysaght, esq., to be vice-president the 
next meeting day. 

Mondav, yd November, 1806. Resolved — That a difference of opinion having 
occurred as to the right of possession of the Duhallow Hunt Cup, the time for 
challenging the same be enlarged to Monday, the 1st day of December next, on the 
usual hour, of a deposit to be paid to the treasurer at the time of challenge, Captain 
Porter and Mr. Newsom to be exempt from paying any deposit. The race to be four 
miles over Mallow course, such day during the next meeting as the steward shall 
appoint, carrying twelve stone, to be rode by grooms, the horses to qualify over a four- 
foot wall and a sporting ditch, to the satisfaction of the steward. 

Resolved — That the club shall meet and dine together at Carmichael's, in Mallow, 
on Monday, the 1st of December next. 

Resolved — That the annual subscription shall stand at three guineas, to be paid in 
advance the first Monday in November, and that the appropriation thereof shall be 
determined on the next day of meeting. 

Resolved — That subscriptions for the present year shall be open until next 
St. Stephen's Day for the old members of the club, who shall be at liberty to 
enroll their names as members on paying to the treasurer their subscription of 
three guineas. 

Monday, December 1st. At a meeting of the hunt held this day, John Nash, esq. 
was unanimously admitted a member. 

In pursuance of the resolution of 3rd November, Captain Porter has named his 
horse " Marquis " to run for the cup. 

December 6th. Mr. William Purcell has challenged the cup, and named his horse 
" Messenger " to run for the cup, and paid his deposit to Mr. Atkins as president. 

Friday, 26th December, 1806. John Hennessey, Henry Langley, Edward Riordan, 
esqrs., were unanimously admitted. 

Resolved — That the Duhallow Hunt Cup having been, conformably to the resolution 
of the hunt on the 3rd day of November last, challenged on the 1st day of this month 
by Henry Porter, esq., observing the rules ordained for that purpose, and the challenge 
having been left open for the entire of the week during which the "club was to have 
met, and William Purcell, esq., having been the only challenger, it is the unanimous 
opinion of the hunt that all further challenge is for the present precluded, and that the 
treasurer be requested forthwith to claim the cup for Mr. Newsom as the property of 
the club, and to await the result of the present challenge. 

Tuesday, September 29th, 1807. Horace Townsend, Edmond Morrogh, and Thomas 
G. French, esqrs., are unanimously admitted. 






I I 
















Treasurer of the Duhallow Hunt Club. Z>r. 

To Subscriptions received for the year commencing 1st November, 1804. 
[Here follow the names of 32 members, each paying £2 5s. 6d. Total, £72 16s.] 
Subscriptions received for the year commencing 1st November, 1805. 
Amount of subscriptions to the old club .. .. • ■ £l~ ID o 

Hon. Richard Hare 
Hon. Hayes St. Leger . . 
Hon. William Hare 
Robert De la Cour 
James Baggs 
Doctor Galvvay 
Brook Brazier . . 

^158 2 3 

1804. Contra. Cr. 

Nov. 5. By cash paid in part of Carmichael's bill . . £1 10 5 

,, 16. ,, Do. for advertisements to the Cork M. Chronicle 1 13 7 
Mar. 18. ,, Do. for two members' dinners to Carmichael .. 066 
,, 21. ,, Do. for advertisements to the Mercantile 
< 'hronicle 
April 14. ,, Do. to Guiry, carthstopper. . 
,, 21. ,, Do. for one hundred circular letters. . 
,, 28. ,, Do. to Howlahan, earthstopper 
May 1. ,, Do. Mr. Wrixon's draft to , earthstopper 

,, 14. ,, Do. to James Connell, a year's rent of Ballybeg 
,, 16. ,, Do. to William Linahan, earthstopper 
,, Do. to Deloohery for Tullig break . . 
,, 30. ,, Do. to William Reddane, earthstopper 

,, Do. for advertisement to the Cork Evenitig Post 
,, 31. ,, Do. to Arthur O'Keeffe for Regan's break 
,, Do. to Philip Foley, earthstopper 
June 2. ,, Do. a second draft to Arthur Keeffe 
,, Do. to James Coghlan for Ballybeg 
Oct. 26. ,, Do. for advertisement to the Mercantile 

Chronicle . . . . . . . . o 16 9J 













i l . 

























Balance in the Treasurer's hands 

74 o 5 
83 15 10 

^153 2 3 
The club was furnished with a counterpart of the above account on 1 ltli of Nov., 1805. 

Robkki De LA Cour, Treasurer. 

1805. Treasurer ok the Duhallow Hunt Club. Dr. 

Nov. 4. To balance of last account .. .. • ■ £§3 15 10 

Dec. 3. ,, A subscription from Simon P. Davis .. 5 13 9 

,, 23. ,, Do. from Joseph D. Freeman .. 11 76 

,, Do. from Dr. Norcott . . . . 5139 




Jan. 14. To a Subscription from Edward Lysaght 

May 6. „ Do. from Henry Porter . . 

Oct. 6. ,, Do. from Ralph Westrop 

Nov. 3. Balance due to the Treasurer on this account 

. £5 13 9 

• 5 i3 9 

11 7 6 

129 5 10 

. 25 18 8 

^155 4 6 

The club was furnished with a counterpart of this account on the 3rd of Nov., 1806. 

Robert De la Cour. 

Nov. 12. 

.. 26. 
Dec. 4. 

Jan. 21. 

Mar. 6. 

.. 19- 

April 14. 

„ 27. 

May 12. 

June 4. 




Contra. Cr, 

By cash for Mr. Wrixon's draft to Mr. Glover for 

the cover at Glover's Glin . . ..^1200 

,, Do. for do. to Peter Tyrrel for the Hound Tax 33 19 7| 
,, Do. for do. to William Guiry for earthstopping 256 

. 17- 

Oct. 6. 

Do. to James Glover for the rent of Ballybeg. 

Do. to the Widow Hartnett for part of do. 

Do. to John Kennedy for earthstopping 

Do. to William Reddane for do. . . 

Do. for advertisements to the Cork Mercantile 


Do. to T. Conoll for earthstopping at Kilcoleman 
Do. to Darby Shea for do. at Castlepark 
Do. to Coffree for do. at Carrigathereham 
Do. to Howlahan for do. at Clogheen 
Do. to James Coghlan for do. at Ballibeg 
Do. to J. G. Cookery for Tullig break for 178 

and 1786 
Do. to P. Shea for fencing at Grange, etc., etc 
Do. to Keeffe for Regan's break 
Do. to Denis Sullivan for earthstopping 
Do. for earthstopping at Poulnaraha 
Do. to P. Sheean for fencing at Grange, etc . 
Do. to Drake for earthstopping 
Do. to Linahan for do. 
Do. to Blakeney for do. 
Do. to P. Dawley for do. 
Do. to Leveney for do. 
Do. to James Glover for Carrig covers 
Do. to do. for earthstopping 

Do. to Hartnedy for earthstopping . . 
Do. to John Clear for do. at Shanballymore . 
Do. for advertising meeting of 29th Sept. last 

13 13 o 
3 8 3 
3 3 3 

o 10 \\\ 




1 2 

1 14 
3 8 

2 14 

6 16 

7 19 
10 o 

13 13 

2 5 

1 2 

12 o 

1 2 

2 5 
1 2 
1 2 
1 2 

3 8 

1 2 

2 5 
2 5 





&S5 4 6 


Treasurer of the Duhallow Hunt Club. Dr. 

To Subscriptions received for the year commencing 1st of November, 1806. 
[Here follows a list of 29 members, each paying ,£3 8s. 3d., and one (Jos. D. Freeman) 
paying ^11 7s. 6d. ; and an item of ^22 15s. cash restored by William Bullen of his 

Total .. .. .. •• .- ^'33 1 9 

Balance due to R. D. . . . . . . • • • • 3 3 3 

£136 5 ° 

1 806. Contra. Cr. 

Nov. 3. By balance of last account .. .. ■ ■ £ 2 S l $ 8 

,, 25. ,, cash to Peter Tyrrell for Hound Tax. . . . 35 6 2 

Deer. 8. „ Do. to Patrick Sheean for fencing at Grange 

and Kilmaclenin . . . . . . 4 1 1 o 

„ 11. ,, Do. to David Finn for half-a-year's rent of the 

new cover at Kilmaclenin . . ..1000 

„ Do. to Widow Hartnett on account of rent for 

the covers at Grange . . . . . . 7 19 3 

,, 15. ,, Do. to William Guiry, earthstopper . . .. 256 

,, 26. ,, Do. to John Carmichael for balance of the 

dinner bill of 1st inst. . . .. .. 1 19 o 

,, Do. to do. for do. of this day . . . . 256 

Jan. 17. „ Do. to Mr. Glover for one year's rent of the 

cover at Glover's Glin . . . . 800 

,, Do. for Mm. Wrixon's acceptance of Jer. Hore's 
bill for one year's rent of Ballybeg Glin, 
due 29th September last . . . . 13 13 o 

Feb. 2. ,, Do. to J. W. Wrixon for ploughing the new 

cover at Kilmaclenin 
Mar. 4. ,, Do. to the Cork Mercantile Chronicle 
Aug. 28. ,, Do. to the Cork Evening Post 

£^ 5 ° 

List of the Subscribers to the Duhallow Hunt who have paid their Subscriptions for 
the year commencing 29th Sept , 1807. 
[Here follows a list of 22 members, each paying £2, 8s. 3d., and one, as before, 
paying £\i 7s. 6d., and an odd sum of 5s.; total of whole being £86 14s.] 

Con iRA. Cr. 

An Account of money expended by the Treasurer for the year commencing 
29th September, 1807. 

Sep. 29. Paid dinner for twelve at Carmichael's .. . . £\ 19 o 

Oct. 4. ,, By order of William Wrixon, esq. .. .. 383 

Nov. 2. ,, Dinner for ten at Carmichael's .. 1 12 6 

,, For a new club book .. .. .. o 12 o 


O O 




17 11 



































Paid Carmichael for a bottle wine, omitted to be 
charged in the bill of the 4th November . . 
Widow Hartnett, per order of Wm. Wrixon, esq. . 
Paid Tyrell (Hearth ?), per order Col. Wrixon 

,, David Finn, per order Col. Wrixon 

„ John Gregg, per order Col. Wrixon 

,, A messenger going to Cork with advert. 

„ By order of Cul. Wrixon 

,, By order of Do. to a Carrig earthstopper 

£75 19 31 
29/ September, 180S. William Beecher, president. 

James Cotter, Answered for by R. D. L. Cour. 

Arthur J. Creagh, ,, E. Lysaght. 

Geo. Crofts, „ J. Freeman. 

Geo. Purcell, ,, A. Bastable. 

unanimously admitted by ballot. 

Members present — W. W. Beecher, R. De La Cour, Richard Hare, Jo. Freeman, 
John Wrixon, John Barry, Richard Newson, John Nash, Ed. Riordan, A. Bastable, 
E. Lysaght, George Bruce. 

Robert De La Cour appointed treasurer for this year. 

November i^th, 1808. John Nicholas Wrixon, esq., president. 

Members present — John N. Wrixon, W. Wrixon Becher, Henry Porter, Dr. Barry, 
Ed. Reardon, Nicholas Wrixon, John Lysaght, Richard H. Purcell, William Purcell, 
James W. Glover, John M. Wrixon, Ed. Lombard. 

The president appointed Ed. Lombard, esq., to be president the next day. 

November 16th. Thomas Glover and James O'Mullane unanimously admitted. 

Members present — William Wrixon, John Wrixon N., Nicholas Wrixon, John 
Wrixon M., William Purcell, Richard P. Harris, John Lysaght, Ed. Lysaght, J. P. 
Glover, Ed. Reardon. 

November igt/i, 1808. Edmond Lombard, esq., president. 

Members present— Ed. Lombard, Robert De La Cour, James Baggs, William 
Wrixon Becher, Henry Porter, John Hennessey, John M. Wrixon. 

The president appointed H. Porter, esq,, to be vice-president the next meeting day. 

The following resolution was entered into the above day : — Resolved — " That in 
order to obviate any future mistake to the challenging of the Duhallow Hunt Cup, the 
same shall ..." (not completed). 

The cup was challenged by Ed. Lombard, esq., in conformity with the above reso- 
lution, to be run for at the next Mallow meeting. Horses, etc., to carry twelve stone. 

{End of Minute Book). 

[Having been informed by gentlemen in the Duhallow country that long prior to A.D. 
1800, the hum was known as "The Castlecor Chace ;" and having been told'by one that he 
had somewhere seen a silver button bearing this device, I mentioned it to others, and among 
Lo William Norton Barry, esq., the hospitable owner of Castlecor, who up till 1893 was 
ll-known and popular master of the pack, and he most kindly lent me the two buttons 
which are here engraved the full size. Both are of solid silver, and are parcel gilt. One has 
engraved upon a ribbon, which is gold upon a silver ground, "The Castlecor Chace." Its 
companion has a stag in full chase, with antlered head thrown back, within a wreath, inscribed 
"The Castleor Chace," all gilt, upon a silver groundwork. These are the first examples of 
parcel-gilt hunting buttons that we have met with. They have additional local interest in 


having the stamps of the Cork Guil d of Goldsmiths , whic h are w ell marked upon the back of 
each, viz., the Cork town mark of | STERLING | and | I. H. | the maker's stamp for John 
Ilillery, who flourished in 1752 ("The Goldsmiths of Cork," by Cecil Crawford Woods. 
Journal of the U.S.A. I., September, 1895), so that we may reasonably infer that these 
buttons, possibly the only memorials that remain of this sporting pack, are a century and a half 
at Castlecor. To further illustrate tin's, I am enabled by the courtesy of Lieutenant Hai 
White. R.N., the hon. secretary of the Duhallows, to engrave the gilt button of the hunt as 
worn in the early part of the present century. 

I have also seen another silver button of this club with the "sterling" mark. It is one 
of a set, and belongs to a member of the hunt whose family have been associated with it since 
its foundation. It has engraved upon it a fox, with "Duhallow," and the date "1800." The 
shank of the button has been repaired, and the solder has filled up the stamp with the maker's 
name, leaving only the first and last letters visible. These are "T . . . N," probably 
for Thomas Ilarman, who was admitted a freeman in 1786. — R. Day.] 

Q\e 5 acre( l ^ ree °J Clenor. 


X the November number of the Cork Historical and 
ArcJueohgical Journal for 1894, Mr. Coleman inquired 
if the Sacred Tree in the parish of Clenor was still 
extant. As I live in the neighbourhood, I should 
have informed Mr. Coleman long ere this that the 
tree, or as it is generally known, the Crann a India, 
is still living ; but I waited until I could get it 

photographed, which was kindly done by Major Grove White, of 

Kilbyrne, Doneraile. 

The Crann a India stands alone on the back of a fence on the road 

side, in the townland of Annakissy, about two miles south-cast of 


Doneraile. It is a stunted ash, growing on poor soil, and in a lofty bleak 
situation. I had the opinion of a skilled Scottish forester on its age, and 
he (Mr. Mitchell, manager of the Doneraile saw mills) gave it as his 
opinion that it could not be under three hundred years old. I mentioned 
to him that the saint whose name it commemorated must have lived 
upwards of a thousand years ago, and I asked him how could he account 
for an ash, which is not the longest-lived species of tree, holding its 
vitality for that period ; and his reply was that a seedling or off-shoot 
from the parent tree may grow up alongside, and in time replace it. 
However this may be, the tree is still there ; and although it is un- 
protected, and fuel must have been exceedingly scarce in the locality, no 
turf bog being nearer than seven or eight miles, still as much as a branch 
of it was never lopped off for any purpose, which plainly proves the 
veneration in which it was held, due to the beautiful legend which has 
been handed down with it. The legend runs thus : — In the early 
Christian times a holy family dwelt in Clenor. One of them in 
particular, Craebhnat (Cranat), was singularly beautiful ; and, although 
she sought retirement, her pulchritude was spoken of far and near. At 
last it reached the ears of the young Prince of Munster, and he, in order 
to satisfy himself as to the truth of the reports, came in disguise, and 
watched until he saw her going to pray at the neighouring church. He 
then felt she was far beyond all his fancy painted her. He suddenly 
felt he was her slave, and of all earthly things to gain her love was what 
he prized most. He approached her ; she avoided him. He sent her 
presents ; they were returned. He tried diplomacy ; it failed. He then 
tried threats to her parents, but all to no effect. She had made a vow to 
Brigid that she would lead the life of a religieuse, and this vow she would 
keep inviolate to death. The prince sickened and pined ; no longer did 
he take pleasure in the chase, nor did he lead his followers, as was his 
wont, into the front of battle against his enemies. His friends became 
very sad, and held a council ; and the resolution they came to, if the life 
of the prince was to be saved, was to seize on Craebhnat, convey her to 
the royal brugh, and insist on her giving her hand in wedlock to him. 
Accordingly a cavalcade was mustered for that purpose, and they re- 
paired to Clenor, laid hands on the fair one, and regardless of her tears 
made her their captive. But the virgin was not to be put off her purpose. 
She had one resource still, and that was to deform her person. Her 
beauty was the cause of all her trouble, that she should destroy ; so with 
a firm resolve she put out one of her eyes, and where it fell up sprung 
the ash-tree, which from that date to the present marks the spot where 
holy Craebhnat made such a sacrifice for the faith that was in her. The 
prince seeing what happened, and looking at her charming features 



covered with blood, and one of those eyes through whose depths he 
thought he could see his earthly paradise, plucked out, felt his hopes 
were blighted. He ordered the virgin to be restored to her parents, and 
he left for home a broken-hearted man. 

The Catholic church of Clenor was dedicated to St. Craebhnat about 
thirty-three years ago, by the Most Rev. Dr. Keane, bishop of Cloyne. 
A pattern used to be held some years ago at St. Craebhnat's well, the 
day being March 9th, but on account of some improprieties the parish 
priest caused it to be discontinued 

Crann a bulla" Tree. 

Tradition states that Craebhnat had two brothers, or a brother and a 
sister, who devoted themselves to the service of God. One was Breanat, 
the patron of Wallstown, in whose honour a holy well is still largely 
patronised. Some scholars translate Breanat as St. Bernard, but on 
looking over Mr. Laurence Ginnell's " Gaelic Personal Names," in the 
New Ireland Review for November, 1S94, 1 find he gives Breacnat as a 
woman's name. The other was called Nicholas, and the well dedicated 
to him is situated near Monaminy Castle ; but on looking over 
Mr. Ginnell's list, I do not find any mention of that name. The next 
approaching it is Neassan, with the feminine Neassa. I should like to 
have the opinion of hagiologists on these questions. I should also like 


to know from those capable of giving an opinion why the term " hulla " 
was applied to the tree which forms the subject matter of these notes/ 1 ) 

There was another tree sacred to Craebhnat, which stood in the 
townland of Killura (from Callurach, "a disused burial place," Joyce), 
but the treatment it received was quite different from that accorded to 
the Craiin a Jiulla ; for the legend attached to the Killura tree was that 
no one could be drowned who was in possession of the least portion of 
it. Accordingly, emigrants far and near provided themselves with chips 
of it, until at last it disappeared entirely, which occurred about thirty 
years ago. I have not heard how the legend arose that this tree 
possessed those life-saving powers, but it is very probable that St. 
Craebhnat had some extraordinary escape from drowning, or else rescued 
some drowning person. 

That the church at Clenore was an ancient one, we find by the 
taxation of Pope Nicholas, in 1291, Capella de Clenwyr was valued five 
marks. In the Book of Lismore it is also referred to as " an ancient 
burial place." 

The Protestant church at Clenor was built in 181 3, and was sold in 
1887. The walls and square tower still remain. The inscription on the 
solid silver cup and paten belonging to the church was as follows : — 



D. D. D. 


Clenore, or as it was also called Clonore, means, most probably, 
" moist meadow." The name is most appropriate, for the land surround- 
ing the church is very moist indeed. 

(0 Dr. Joyce, in his Irish Names of Places, defines ulla as an altar tomb or 
penitential station ; but I know some old Irish speaking people who used to say the 
term was derived from ulla, chrism or unchin. 


Che T^ise and progress in jMunster oj the 
Rebellion, 1642. 

(From a Manuscript in the British Museum.) 

Edited by HERBERT WEBB GILLMAN, B.L., Vice-President, 

T was given out that the rebels, during their being at 
Moyalloe, hanged one Maguire,an English minister,and 
another Florence Ouin,a native Protestant, which they 
brought with them from Kilmallock, in a glen near the 
town ; the truth of which was confirmed, as there 
were two such men afterwards found thrown into a 
ditch, with a little earth scraped on them, which had 
been hanged on a willow growing on a bank on the ditch. Moreover, 
to the intent that these vain men might build trophies to their glory, 
they made laws (the only badge of conquest), ecclesiastical and civil, 
as — the reduction of all abbeys and impropriations which had devolved 
to the Crown in the thirty-two years of Henry VIII., to their former use 
and jurisdiction ; the settling of all spiritual livings, not impropriate, on 
their priests and churchmen ; and that whosoever shall protect any 
Englishman's person or goods, and not discover them, shall incur the 
same prejudice as the Englishman himself is obnoxious to ; and, 
amongst others, the rule was that, where any Englishman had any 
lands of inheritance, he should be expelled from them ; and that he 
or his heir, of the Irish, from whom the land was originally deduced, 
should re-enter into possession thereof. And from this principle there 
grew at Moyalloe a hot discourse between the Lord Roche and 
McDonogh (like .Esop's two dogs about a bone), which of them should 
have and enjoy the town of Moyalloe ; whereunto the lord's pretence 
was that it was situated within his barony of Fermoy, whereof his 
viscountship takes his denomination, and therefore it ought to belong 
to him (but, by his lordship's favour, it was never of that barony). 
McDonogh's title was, that he being lord of the barony of Duhalla, (,) 
this being called Moyalloe, by the " ancient ethniologie and con- 
gruitie" of the two words, it must needs belong to him, though all 

(>) Duhallow, Duthaigh-ecUlo (Doohy-alla), "the district of the river Alio;" Mallow, 
Magk-ealla (Moyalla, Four Masters), the plain of the river Alio."— Joyce. 


the world knows that Moyalloe did anciently belong to the Earl of 
Desmond, of the family of the Geraldines, " an exempt and privileged 
place," situate between the baronies of Fermoy and Duhalla, and devolved 
to the Crown about fifty-six years since, by the attainder of the said 
Earl and his complices, by Act of Parliament. 

The conclusion is that, if but one thousand men had been landed in 
Munster from England before the enemy came into county Cork — which 
was at least three months after beginning of the Rebellion — those of the 
county Cork would not have revolted to this hour. Those in England who 
did procrastinate sending succour must needs own to themselves the 
loss of many thousand souls, put into an unavoidable condition of 
perishing ; and the addition of increased charge in regaining so 
populous a country now in rebellion against the Crown, which in all 
likelihood might have proved auxiliary to the same. 

If any be offended at this language of acrimony, I beseech him to 
consider that it proceeds from a granted liberty to a losing speaker, 
who hath been a pinching sufferer in this prosecution, and is now 
declined, disfriended, and precipitated from a cheerful condition of 
prosperity and reputation to a despicable existence of misery and 
contempt ; and who desires with all humility to inquire after the 
efficient cause of these distempers, which may be easily discerned to 
arise from a Divine Power, who most justly hath caused the wanton 
English^ of this kingdom to drink deeply of this cup of desolation, for 
their flying into excess in all degrees of irreligion in all duties, of 
ingratitude for all favours, and for uncharitableness and dissension one 
towards another. It is to be feared this heavy hand will hold on them 
till they shall expiate the indignation of the Supreme power by their 

This action of the Irish with the English the native actors resolve 
to be requisite and full of sanctimony, as appears by a relation made in 
my presence to a nobleman of great esteem of the English party in this 
province, by an Irish gentleman of the Romish religion, who affirmed 
that the priests, being commanded by their superiors to prepare the laity 
to assist in the design to eradicate the English, did swear and take his 
oath on his book of Pius Ouintus in the audience of all the congregation 
at a public mass, that their ruin and destruction by fire and sword was 
determined in England if they would not turn Protestants and go to 
church, and that those who had undertaken this common Catholic cause 

< 2 ) The admission contained in this passage (which in the above is condensed 
from the MS.), is remarkable as coming from a writer who elsewhere shows his 
political opinions very openly. It supports the idea also that the writer was 
a clergyman. 


had a good commission (3) and authority for so doing from the King 
and Queen of England, and whosoever should lose his life in this holy 
war should go immediately to Heaven and escape pains of purgatory. 
But I must take my leave of poor Moyalloe, to whom I acknowledge 
so much endearment, that rather than suffer her desolation to pass 
without tears I would choose to want them at mine own funeral. I 
desire to prevail on the reader to take a benign cognizance of the pro- 
prietor and the place. That which concerns the proprietor shall be 
personal, and relate to grandfather, his father and kinsfolk. The first (4) 
(whose family name, should I mention it, would put the rebels in hazard 
of running away) was Governor and President of the Province of 
Munster under Queen Elizabeth, and in that employment did attain to 
a glorious death. He was both good and just to the natives in that 
charge ; he was the noblest friend to the now Lord Roche's father, and 
in realities of such importance that both his lands and life might be 
concerned therein ; and as for O'Callaghans it is notorious that his favour, 
and merely that which he might have left undone with as much justice 
as done it, put this sinister (5) family of the Callaghans first into a consi- 
derable place and part of the county, by means whereof they have in 
time wrested out of the right line and gotten the whole Pobble to them- 
selves, " consisting of more than 20 plo. lands," whereof, it is believed, 
they would never have gotten one but by that introduction. Lastly, the 
meanness of his estate, both personal and hereditary, and the exigence 
of his revenue, deliver plain testimony that he employed himself about 
something else than in providing for posterity by pilling the country 
and grasping possessions of the native lands. But the very place (of 
Moyalloe) came to him by purchase from the first or second hand of 
those who first gained it from the Crown. The second spent much of 
his time here as a servitor in Tyrone's wars, having the command of a 
troop of horse and some other part of it in time of peace at Moyalloe, 
where he was found to be so plentiful in all kinds of goodness and justice 

(3) It is very significant how often this positive assertion of a Commission from 
King Charles I. appears in original documents relating to this period. 

U) Sir Thomas Norris, Lord President of Munster, whose daughter and heiress 
married Sir John Jephson, mentioned as "second" below. 

(5) If " sinister" refers to a " bar sinister " the writer is, I believe, mistaken ; but the 
pedigree and history of the chief of Pobul I. Callaghan show that the chieftainship 
was, by a " surrender and regrant,'' diverted from the true tanist descent. The liants 
relating to that act of surrender are No. 5903 and 5908 of 2nd and 6th December, 
1594. The boundaries of the territory are thus stated, therein : — " From Glanda 
Ieyghe and Molyne Intryrinane on the west to the water of Clyedagh, Beamy ny 
Hio/u'r, Beamy Inclynowe on the east, and from Portidieih and Bear Icanhin on the 
south to the foss of Ballynowe on the north." The toss of Ballynowe has been kindly 
identilied for me by Rev. T. Olden, as the watercourse now called the Navigation. Can 
any reader identify the places whose names arc printed in italics in the aboi 


and hospitality at all times and to all persons, that the lords and gentle- 
men have often expressed that there never lived by them so noble a 
neighbour, of whom, it may be said, that he never got one foot of land 
of the natives ; whereof he might have had plenty and for the asking, 
having been present at the " very divident " of the lands at the conclusion 
of the troubles, and held in singular esteem by the State and dearly 
intimate with Sir Arthur Chichester, then Lord Deputy and Privy 
Councillor of State, for almost thirty years before his death. His Irish 
neighbours here had him and his virtues in such affection that, although 
they be tainted, they retain to this hour reverent conceit of him. The 
third having employed himself for a year or two after his father's death in 
settling his estate and affairs in England and attendance in Parliament, 
of which he was an acceptable member, he resolved to live in Ireland, 
and in September, 1641, brought with him a family and wife (a gentle- 
woman of honour and endowment), purposing to spend much of his time 
at Moyalloe, preassuring himself of all friendly correspondency with his 
native neighbours for the respect they all bore to his grandfather and 
father. And so they were apprehended to be till they had all taken that 
Jesuitical sop of contagion ; and thus disloyalty had diffused itself among 
them. But lo ! the tide turned, and he saw, in less than four months, 
combustion instead of communion, for a due retribution whereof I do not 
despair, but hope that he that played a passive part in this tumultuous 
tragedy may, in the very next scene, personate the active and be a 
minister of revenge for this perfidious dealing with him, to the prose- 
cution whereof I leave him, and so briefly fall to the next particular, 
which is — the place ; the persons whereon and the situation whereof 
shall only be observable : — 

For the persons — my pen is by the bitter times filled so full of gall 
that it is indisposed to flattery — some of them, I must confess, have 
been " disindustruous," having been soldiers and sons of such, so ignorant 
of any other arts and impatient of labour, much addicted to jollity and 
good fellowship — the epidemical disease of all the English plantations in 
this kingdom. Other some who have applied themselves solicitously to 
trades, occupations and manufactures, have thrived well and attained 
much wealth in a short time. However, they did live plentifully and 
comfortable together — a main reason whereof may be imputed to their 
affectionate landlord's care over them, so that they were always protected 
from oppressions from all others and persuaded from contestations 
among themselves ; such as fell out were reconciled by arbitrament of 
friendship or by the decree of the Court Baron, where the charge seldom 
exceeded half-a-crown. It is very true that in twenty years together 
there hath not been more than one suit in law commenced among them 


all in any court, but among themselves, the want of which moderation 
in other places where the English inhabited is known to have been the 
ruin of many families. The natives got much money yearly about 
Moyalloe from the English for wood, timber, carriage work, cloth, flesh, 
corn, etc., with which they paid their lord's rents and other duties, which 
was of such necessity to them that the common sort of people had 
starved without it. Besides, the chief lords and gentlemen thereabouts, 
who were always " prodigally indigent " in money matters, whenever 
they had to go to Dublin about lawsuits (wherein they were plentifully 
furnished), did commonly supply themselves either by some contract or 
on interest or courtesy out of the town, so that now there are few of them 
not indebted to some English of that poor place, which [before] had been 
the greatest thoroughfare in the province. And by reason of a populous 
and well frequented market, kept weekly — which the abundance of 
English families living near it caused a great concourse of people and 
trade there — it is known that between " Alhollontide " and Christmas 
there were not less than one hundred fat beeves killed and sold weekly, 
it being usual that a butcher did vend twenty beeves every week. He 
that should have seen what a numerous and heaped congregation there 
came to the church every Sabbath (where they received holy instruction 
from a learned and vigilant pastor), were very uncharitable not to grieve 
to see or hear what rent and dissipation there is now made, not only 
among the people, but also in the church itself, by the " holy violence " 
and breach of the enemy. 

The situation Moyalloe stands in a very pleasant and fruitful soil, with 

of Moyalloe. a good proportion of principal limestone land about it, rich 
meadows, arable and pasture. At each end of it runs a fine small river, 
on one side of it a " tirranical large river " called the Blackwatcr, but 
more truly the Broadwater, plentiful in as good salmon as can be in the 
world, along which a trade is lately settled by boats of three or four 
tons burthen for carrying goods between Moyalloe and Youghal (of 
which device (o) the Lord President, when living there, was the first 
inventor), which was of principal good use, especially in winter, when 
the ways are foul and land carriage not easy to get. The situation is 
also itself well accommodated with woods, while there is a great store of 
wood and timber also out of O'Callaghan's country mearing with it, 
which is a rare commodity in most parts of Ireland. 
The higher To the castle, which for strength and beauty is inferior 

castle. tQ f ew j n t j le kj n g C i omj ^th belong a fair and large 

(6) This refers, I think, to the foss of Ballynowe or the Navigation, mentioned in 
note 5. 


demesne, two pigeon houses, a coneygeere, (7) a pleasant and spacious 
park, well impaled, of over four and a-half miles circumference, equally 
composed of lawns, sheerewood, coppices, brakes and shelter, with 
a large paddock of sixty acres, and so well furnished with fallow deer 
(and some red deer also) that there would have been this next season 
one hundred full complete bucks, most of which are now killed or 
driven thence and the pale destroyed in many places. I am confident 
that for a house with the elements of fire, air, earth and water belonging 
to it, for English neighbourhood, for convenient vicinity to the sea, for 
hawking at pheasant, partridge, rail, quail, heath-poll (8) ; for hunting the 
hare, deer, fox, otter; for fishing, fowling, " boulinge," and for all other 
requisites conducing to pleasure or profit, there is no place in the 
kingdom that can scarce parallel this. I must conclude the reader 
must be full of much obduration if you commiserate not those worthy 
of consolation of all the miseries that war or revenge shall accumulate 
on them. 

Part II. of the Sloane Manuscript. 

A true relation of certain particular passages between his Majesty's army and the 
rebels in the Province of Munster. 

The Lord Mountgarret, general of this invincible army, with which 
he marched into county Cork, February, 1641, to put all the lords and 
Mountaarret's g ent l emen thereof into action of rebellion, and which he 
army six days kept in Moyalloe six days, departed from them with all 
at Moyalloe. hf s army in great offence on some difference arising between 
his commanders and the Lord Roche, McDonogh, O'Callaghan, and 
other chief gentlemen of that country. By his leaving them they were 
beyond measure perplexed, and repented they had so " inconsiderably " 
revolted at the instigation of the general who had forsaken them, having 
neither men nor arms to preserve themselves from any force that might 
assault them. In truth, a very small number of men would in this 
desperate condition have expelled them out of their countries ; but they 
had dipped their fingers so deep in this treason that there was no hope 
or thought of retractation or submission for them. It therefore behoved 
them to summon themselves and their best counsels for their present 
security, and by good fortune they fell on an expedient that wrought 
their deliverance for the present by their speedy repair to the Lord of 
Muskerry. He was understood to stand a neuter and hold intelligence 

( 7) A rabbit-warren. 

(3) Heath-powt, a Cumberland word for black-cock— Halliwelt. 


with the Lord President of Munster, being then at Cork, who hoped to 
restrain him ; but in vain, for those men guessing that that lord would 
prove a very important man who would much advance their cause if 
they could work his revolt, laboured by all means to effect the same. 
And this was quickly brought to pass, partly through Jesuitical power 
exercised over him, partly through an interest which some of the chief 
of the faction had in him, and partly by an overreaching wit whereby 
At the Lord tne y circumvented him. Their coming to him was to use 
Muskeny's the same measures of fraud as the general had used force 
entered hito to tnem but a little before in gaining them into their 
considerations, accursed confederation. And so soon as the Lord Mus- 
kerry declared himself very many chief lords of countries did the like, 
and met all together at his house, where they entered into deep considera- 
tion about managing the intended war ; and, to avoid jealousies among 
themselves in matter of superiority, it was resolved that none of the chief 

lords and gentlemen should bear anv office in the army, 
Garrott Barry & * J ' 

chosen general and to that purpose they made choice of one Garrott 

to avoid Barry to be their general, who had long served under the 

among the King of Spain, and may be a good soldier ; but for a poli- 

gentry. tician I cannot esteem him one, especially when I behold 

him in his outward appearance, which renders him very homely and 

despicable ; or in his " complemant," which hath not in it any symptoms of 

courtship ; or his discourse, which declares him to have no affinity with 

Cicero ; or his action, wherein you may find as much motion as in a stone 

wall. But after some scrutiny, the abilities of direction, advice or 

stratagem are found in him to the terror of such English as shall have to 

do with him ; and for the more countenance of the business 

Barry, Lord 

General ; Mus- he was called Lord General, and the Lord of Muskerry 

Kerry and anc j somc other prime and selected men called the Council 

others the 

Council of of War. You could not forbear laughing to see them 

War. worship this golden calf with such reverence that none 

dared speak to him but with hat in hand ; and this business being put 
in order there was instantly a very great army levied, whereunto all the 
lords and gentlemen within twenty miles compass became "contribu- 
tioners," by sending part of their strength towards building this huge 
body and provisions to support them there, and leaving part behind to 
secure the country ; so that in a time the}- got together a barbarous bulk 
of four thousand men (as they gave out), the moiety whereof were sow- 
boys, plowboys and cowboys, the other moiety rebels, traitors and 
villains, all professed servants to the Devil and the Pope. These were 
committed to the disposal of the Lord General, who improved their and 
his time to the most advantage, undertaking to the council of war that 


within a short time he would deliver into their hands not only the strong 
and populous city of Cork (where the President lay with near two thou- 
sand men), but the King's fort also thereto adjoining, where was great 
plenty of artillery, ammunition and victuals, defended by some two 
hundred soldiers ; so that there was none other discourse now but the 
taking of Cork and the fort, which was to the townsmen an operation 
instead of Gyria or Pollipodium, and wrought such effects as to this 
hour it stinks most abominable. 

The General drew his men near the city as if he would devour it in 
a moment, and is too wise to let anybody know whether he intend to do 
it by policy or strength, and having billeted them some four or five miles 
compass round the city (destinated to his and their pillage and fury), he 
is now retired to his privacy, and desires all to leave him — and so must 
., I — to the framing of his " laderiscoes, granadoes, fire- 

beginning of works, altissimoes, batriscoes, tormentabilia, faculations, 
March Sir trepidations, penetrandulas," and other stratagems, the 
lands at meaning whereof I omit for want of the words of art. 

Youghal with But about the beginning of March, Colonel Vavasor, 
a regiment . ° ° ' 

with troops of said to be a very gallant, able, and profound gentleman in 
horse. j^g own art) ] anc l ec j a t Youghal with a regiment of lusty 

and well-appointed foot, together with his own, the Lord of Dun- 

garvan's, the Lord Broghill's, and Captain Curtnye's troop 
President from of horse. The Lord President determined to look abroad, 
Cork towards anc j marched from Cork towards Tallow on a design 

against some of Richard Butler's men, whom he thought 

to have met withal, but was disappointed. And from thence he 

set forward towards Dungarvan (a small town on the seaside, 

about ten miles from Youghal), whither the Lord President had 

ordered a piece of artillery to be brought him by sea from Cork. 

At his first coming thither he took and pillaged the town, killed many 

of the people in it, and then set it on fire ; but the castle, which was 

very strong and well fortified with men put in there by Richard Butler, 

A revolt in denied him entrance ; whereupon, being resolved to besiege 

it and pull them out by force, he received letters from 
suspected. <-, _ 

Sergeant Major Searle (whom he had intrusted with Cork 

in his absence) advertising of some discovery made by him that there 

appeared great danger of a revolt in the citizens, and beseeching him 

speedily to return thither to prevent that mischief ; and of the revolt and 

Castle of loss whereof the Lord President was so sensible that he was 

Dungarvan , . , . . ... 

yielded upon constrained (much against his nature and purpose) to give 

quarter. those in the castle quarter, which they willingly accepted. 

And so leaving a convenient garrison there of his own, he marched 


, T , . . with all haste to Cork About the middle of March the 
Lord Inchiquin, 
and Colonel Lord of Inchiquin and Captain Jephson landed out of Eng- 

Jephson with i anc ] nl Youghal each with one hundred horse, than whom 
two troops ,111 1 1 1 t 

midst of no two men could have been more acceptable to the Lord 

March. President. And yet they had been more welcome had 

they brought more forces with them. On knowledge of their being 
Mallow and landed, the Lord President charged them with both their 
Donerailc troops to march to Malloe, where Captain Jephson's was to 

be garrisoned, and the other at Doneraile, both which 
places were then well furnished and accommodated for horse and man. 
The Lord of Inchiquin went by sea from Youghal to Cork to visit the 
Lord President and give him an account of their journey and negotia- 
tions in England, and came thence to Moyalloe, where he met Captain 
Jephson, who had come with both the troops from Youghal about 25th 
2 - t lj r of March. But, before he alighted from his horse he was 

March. greeted with a short letter subscribed by Lord Roche, the 

Earl of Dunboyne, and Richard Butler from Buttevant, directed to him- 
self, or in his absence to Thomas Betesworth (a servant and agent of his), 
Roche &c to tne e ff ect that the subscribers desired leave to pass 
desire passage with their army the next day over the Bridge of Moyalloe, 
of Malfow? ldSe where they promised that none hurt or spoil should be 
but resolutely committed to any people or goods, concluding they 
denied. expected a present answer of that demand ; and though 

the messenger that brought the letter told the captain and the rest that 
the lords had vowed, in case passage were denied them, to force their 
way over and to burn and destroy the remainder of Moyalloe town, yet 
Captain Jephson writ them a resolute answer, that he was now listed in 
tin- King's pay, and therefore neither could nor would comply with any 
of the King's enemies in anything seeming advantageous to them. The 
lords were ill pleased with this answer, yet would not or durst not march 
that way, but next da}- disposed themselves through Lord Roche's 
country, yet within view of the town ; and kept the highway as if they 
meant to come to it, which invited the Lord of Inchiquin and Captain 
Jephson to prepare for them, and putting their troops in order followed 
them some two miles in the Lord Roche's country, in sight one of 
another ; but these great braggers expressed no disposition to fight, but 
marched away hastily, though their arm)- consisted of at least three 
thousand, and the King's not above two hundred. It was supposed by 
their demeanour that, if Lord Inchiquin and Captain Jephson had 
charged them with their horse (as I dare say they would have done 
had these but one hundred more), they might probably have routed 


The cause of their coming again into those parts (for most of this 
army were of those that were at the siege of Moyalloe) is said to be 
that, after they had returned home from that siege, they had little 
business to do in the county of Tipperary, where the Baron ( 9 } of Loghma, 
Richard Butler, and the Lord of Dunboyne lived, having long before 
rifled all the English there, and no enemy near them ; and yet they 
had a desire to keep their men together in readiness for all occasions, 
which if they would have done resting in their own country they would 
have quickly exhausted all the provision therein ; wherefore they led 
them from home with pretence to assist the county Cork men and 
the General in his pretended siege. But as they were marching thereto, 
Lord Roche, fearing incursions on him by Lord Inchiquin and Captain 
Jephson, persuaded Butler (to whom the chief command of that army 
was intrusted) to lie in his country for the defence thereof, where, 
when they were kept three or four days, they had so harrowed the 
country that there was no means of livelihood left for them ; and to 
prevent their mutinying Lord Roche drew them to Buttevant, suggest- 
ing (as was true) that there was a great stackyard of corn there belong- 
ing to Captain William Kingsmill which would suffice the whole army 
for four or five days, which moved them to condescend to that proposi- 
tion, for they were never out of their way when they could get victuals ; 
and for this cause they came again to Buttevant, and there stayed till 
they had eaten that and all the rest of the corn thereabouts, and thence 
writ to Captain Jephson about passing the bridge as already mentioned ; 
neither were they very conscionable to take from the very Irish them- 
selves where they could not be easily supplied out of the English. 

(9) To supplement the scanty information given in a previous note, I have been 
favoured with the following by Mr. Lyndhurst Purcell of Cork, and Mr. Hewson of 
Hollywood, county Limerick. The Purcells are of Norman extraction, the name being 
derived from the porcelle shown in their arms. The first in Ireland arrived in the army 
of Henry II., in 1172. About a century after Sir Hugh Purcell founded (as Ware 
relates) the convent of Franciscan Friars at Waterford. When James Butler, first 
Earl of Ormond, was authorised as Count Palatine of Tipperary to create Palatine 
Barons, he so created the head of the Loghmoe family, and the Barons of Loghmoe after- 
wards intermarried with the Butlers of Ormond and other noble families. One of the 
Loghmoe family settled in Waterford, and left three sons, one of whom remained in 
Waterford, another settled in Kilkenny, and a third in Croagh, county Limerick. Of 
this Croagh family was General Purcell mentioned in the text, and Colonel Garret 
Purcell. Colonel Garret after the war took service in Spain, but returned during the 
Jacobite war, when he must have been an elderly man." The Purcells of Pullen and 
Kanturk descend from a Richard Purcell, who married into the Ormond family, and 
through the duke's interest obtained lands in the plains of Duhailow ; and this family 
claims the name ot Kanturk, "boar's head," as being derived from the boar's head 
shewn in their arms and crest, though Smith (bk. ii., ch. vi.) gives a different, but 
conjectural, account of the origin of the name. Arms, or, a saltire between four boars' 
heads, sa, couped, gu. Crest, a hand, couped above the wrist, erect, holding a sword 
vertical, hilted, or, pierced through a boar's head, sa, couped git, the sleeve az, turned 
up arg. 


The principal care taken for the present by Lord Inchiquin and 
Captain Jephson was to provide good store of forage into their several 
garrisons for their horses, of such corn and hay as remained of the 
Englishmen's. In which they found difficulty, for the enemy, fearing the 
vicinity of these garrisons would prove troublesome, burnt all the stacks 
of hay they could come at, and began to thresh and carry away the corn, 
so that the captains were compelled to take by the strong hand whatever 
they could get, and had supplied themselves within fourteen to twenty 
N -s f tl e days. During this time they received intelligence from 
President Cork of the Lord President being dangerously sick, whereat 

being sick. ^ e y both rode instantly thither, and found him so ill as to 
be unlikely to live six hours, which invited the Lord Inchiquin to continue 
with him, in expectation of his recovery, which (God be thanked) was 
accomplished within three weeks. Captain Jephson returned next day to 
" Moallowe," and began to cast about how he might do some service ; 
Ratheoeean anc ^ an °PP or tunity presented itself of besieging a castle, 
Castle eight miles off, called Rathgoggan, (ro) the inheritance of the 

beseiged; g j f c k but ]et fc farm to Robert Meade, a 

relieved by ' 

Captain worthy man and a good servitor in the last wars, who with 

Jephson. thirty or forty more was strictly beset by Large and Supple, 

two arch rebels, and some sixty rogues of theirs, who had taken a house 
or two adjoining the castle, and thence had played on the defendants. 
To rescue them Captain Jephson, taking with him some thirty of his own 
troop and thirty of the Lord Inchiquin's (commanded by his cornet 
Banister), and some ninety musketeers from " Moallowe and Downrayle," 
under conduct of Lieutenant John Downinge (a man intrusted by the 
Lord President with the keeping his castle at Downrayle, and singularly 
useful and active in these kind of services from his knowledge of the 
county and language, worthy of much esteem were it not for his rigid 
comportment, which made him open to the envy of many, especially the 
common soldiers), marched among the rebels unawares, who instantly 
betook themselves to their heels (in which weapon the)- have more 

( IO ) Rathgogan Castle stood where the town of Charleville now stands, in the 
barony of Orrery and Kilmore. Little is known of its ancient history; but the name 
points to its having been built by the Cogans, as was Kilbolane, soon after the arrival 
of Strongbow. From them it came to the Earl of Desmond, and was included in his 
forfeiture ; and was among the lands granted to Hugh Cuffe, one of the undertakers, 
by grant recited in Fiant, Eliz., No. 5,066, dated 14th November, 1587, wherein it is 
mentioned as "The castle and lands of Rathgogan, late David Encorig X«)'of the 
marsh], alias M "Gibbon's lands . . . late the Earl of Desmond's." The text 
shows that it had passed into the rapacious hands of the first Earl of Cork. 

All students of that mine of Irish history, The Fiants, published by the Deputy 
Keeper of the Records, Ireland, are indebted to Father Lyons for his learned and 
valuable paper on " The Nicknames in the Fiant s," published in the preceding volume 
of this Journal, pp. 337 et seq. 


confidence than in any other they carry). But the horse quickly over- 
took them, and fell on execution with such fury that forty of the rebels 
were sent to Pluto (yet to be canonised as martyrs by their holy father), 
and scarce one would have been left but that the place was unserviceable 
for horse by reason of the high banks and bogs there. Then having 
burned the houses which annoyed the castle, and having taken some 
small pillage (among others Large's arms, which were left behind, and 
TI C tie °f g°°d worth), the captain and a few more entered the 
relieved. Castle, and had hearty thanks and three good horses 

bestowed on them by Mr. Meade. But while he was in the house he 
had secret intelligence that some of the guarders used in defence of the 
castle had before that done some wicked acts of hostility to the English, 
which on examination proving to be true, the captain delivered three of 
them to his soldiers, who quickly despatched them, though one or two of 
them (who had been ancient servants to Mr. Meade, being Irish) were 
exceedingly interceded for by him, yet to no purpose. 

„ . And on the return back Captain Jephson thought fit to 

summoned by summon a castle belonging to Lord Roche, called 
Jephson. Balliha, (ll) with a garrison of five or six men and a small 

store of munition ; who accepted, at the first motion of quarter, to go 
thence with their lives. In the castle was found very great store of corn, 
which was brought afterwards to Downerayle and Moallowe ; and a 
sergeant and ten men with convenient munition were put into it, who 
by direction burned it to the ground after all was taken out thence. 

T , . . This work detained them but a little while ; and then 

In his return _ ' 

the rebels setting forwards, and having marched a mile they spied 

appeared. about three hundred men — drawn together, it seems, on an 

alarm given by some of those who escaped from Rathgoggan — on the 
side of a hill over which the captain and his men were to march, and 
stood in the way he had to travel. These afterwards proved to be men of 
Sir Edward Fitzharris, baronet, a man more copious in estate than in 
discretion, ignorantly young, a debtor rather to fortune than to nature, 
who must needs out, for fashion and reputation sake, and took his time 
to be revenged for the burning and preying of his country (some eight 
miles in length, and of much strength and fertility), which had been 
effectually acted some six weeks before by horsemen volunteers from 
Moallowe, commanded by Lieutenant Arthur Betesworth — some of the 
company there of Captain Jephson's, and some horse and foot from 
Downeraile under Lieutenant Downing — who made the traitor sensible 

(") This also is mentioned in the fiant of the grant to Hugh Cuffe, quoted in note 9. 
" A little broken castle called Doe's Castle (qy. Castle Dod, Smith ii., eh. 6), in the town 
and parish of Balliha, containing eighty acres." 


of the smart and operation of fire and sword, and brought home with 

them some four hundred cows, garrons, and other pillage. This furious 

young knight had at an instant these companies together, which he 

easily did, as his country, called the barony of St. George, lay 

"contagious" and within sight of Balliha. He made choice of that 

time, conceiving that the English soldiers had exhausted most of their 

munition that day, and were wearied with the long march ; himself on 

horseback being with his men all on foot, saving that at a pretty 

distance from them some six or eight horse were standing on the hill 

side. This spectacle much rejoiced the captain and all the company, 

being confident they should go shortly to fisticuffs with the enemy, who 

seemed to stand strictly to their tackling. To encourage them where- 

unto, the captain with his horse seemed to ride under the hill another 

way, as if he durst not touch with them, giving direction to Lieutenant 

Downing to march directly towards them with his musketeers, intending 

himself with the horse to fetch the hill, and so to get behind them and 

fall in on their rear, all which was done at an instant. And, first, 

Lieutenant Downing brought up his men and discharged at the enemy 

a large volley of shot, though it wrought not much execution among 

„,, , , them by reason of the distance and the dry banks wherc- 

1 he rebels 

beaten by with they sheltered themselves. But they kept their 

Lieutenant ground, exchanging shot for shot, only the valourous 
Downing, . . , . , r • - 1 11,. 

and Captain knight baronet rode away from his banneret and soldiers 

Jephson before the onset. And the musketeers had no sooner 

falling on. r . . . . , . . , , . 

performed their parts than the captain with his horse 

charged the enemy so furiously that they were stupified, and casting 

away their pikes, and (for lightness) their brogues, ran away dispersed ly, 

whom the horse and the swiftest foot eagerly pursued, and had 

"pleasantly" the killing of them by the space of two hours, wherein 

there could not be fewer*") sacrificed to destruction than six or seven 

score, besides wounded who escaped. And had not the river, unpassablc 

but on fords, and the bogs been propitious to them, then had few of 

them escaped. Only the lieutenant and ensign were taken prisoners ; 

the latter of whom, thinking to save their colours, put them into his 

breeches, where they were found and pulled out with a very vengeance, 

and are now set up in the captain's dining-room at Moallowe, where 

they remain as a mark of the noble baronet's vindicative displeasure, for 

whose honorable regard I do wish they were returned him on condition 

the captain had his forfeited lands worth little less than £1,500 per 


< 12 ) The combatants seem to have no idea of giving quarter or taking prisoners 
among the rank and file. 


The captain and his men stayed that night at Downeraile, ot whom 
there was only one man of Captain Jephson's killed, and at the first 
encounter, with a shot, and a valiant gentleman of his troop, Lieutenant 
Cooke, lightly hurt in the thigh with a pike. 

A short time after this exploit, Captain Jephson rode to Cork to 
revisit the sick Lord President and receive his commands ; and brought 
back with him two hundred musketeers taken out of the companies at 
Cork under the command of Sir John Browne and Captain Prise, both 
of them very dexterous and well-experienced in military discipline, with 
directions from the Lord President to pursue such services as Captain 
Jephson should advise and bade them to ; whereof one hundred were to 
be garrisoned at Moallowe, and the other in Downeraile. Where, after 
a day or two's rest, Captain Jephson marched with a good part of them 
and some of the troops, and marched over the mountains towards the 
county of Limerick, and brought with them good store of carriages to 
fetch home the corn they left in Balliha Castle. And as they went they 
encountered with a castle called Ballynageragh, the freehold of Sir Philip 
Percival, knt. (l3) (whom I must not name without reverence to his 
memory and worth as to a man of a rare, honest, and most heroic 
endowments), wherein, yet for contestation sake, the busy Lord Roche 
had put in a company of men who at first motion refused to surrender 
upon any terms ; but when they perceived that the English were in 
earnest, they quickly entertained quarter for safety of their lives. In this 
castle they found good store of corn, which having taken thence, they set 
the castle on fire. 

I give precedency to this last action over the great battle with the 

General and the Lord of Muskerry, that I might give time to the studious 

General to compose and digest his " mirabilia," whom I left over a month 

since to his privacy and stratagems ; from whom men now expected 

nothing less than a parturhint monies. But (in this interval) the place 

and people of Cork were become more secure, while in the Irish camp it 

was said by some that the General was sleeping, and by others that he 

wished to procrastinate this war for his own advantage, 
An allowance « . ,, r r ,. . , . - . 

of £3 per diem navin g an allowance of £3 per diem given him from the 

given to their council of war ; while some said that for want of butter and 

courfcU of wa^ brimstone he was compelled to make his granadoes with 

"canyelabo and album greecum," which would not do, 

though the lords and other chieftains had a great opinion of it ; and 

some said he could not get powder enough to compose certain baneful 

works, which, in the Spanish tongue, he called " Iginterendos and 

Smith, Hist. Cork, book ii., ch. 6, gives his history. 


dcvorandula ;" which [powder] the council of war denied him, saying he 
would expend so much about these preparadoes, that he would not 
leave enough for them for an assault or skirmish. In the lords 
and other chief gentlemen and the council of war was observed a 
universal dejection at those delays, who told their General 
gentlemen told m plain terms that he had egregiously failed them in their 
the Irish expectations, in that they had long since sharpened their 


skenes and swords to cut the Englishmen's throats, and 
time had blunted them again through his dalliance. To whom the grave 
and gradual General replied in a sufficient eloquent speech (for he was 
" ould dog" at it), that they were worthy reprehension by such sinister 
thoughts, so to precipitate a business of such high concernment as this, 
assuring them he had seen seven years spent about such a grand work as 
this was. But, observing in their countenance such a prevailing resolu- 
tion and animosity, he gave them full assurance that in a few days he 
would draw the English army into the midst of their battalions, and 
they should have the cutting off of every man of them. This last speech 
of bringing them to the fight did so satisfy the council, and so resuscitate 
the declining heads of the commons, that they, holding up their pikes, 
with a general acclamation, cried " Long live the General!" 

In pursuance of this plot the General shortly after sent out a party 
of two hundred men, with directions that they should, in a kind of 
bravado, march as near to the walls of the town as they could without 
hazard, and commit some " depreate " act of hostility in the very view of 
them, and thereby provoke those within to come forth ; while himself 
and the whole army lay within a mile and a half to second them on all 

.... , occasions. This divice took its wished effect (the Lord 

Inclnquin and v 

Vavason being President being still sick), for the Lord Inchiquin and 

affronted by Colonel Vavason, men of active spirit, with the rest of the 

the enemy, r 

issued out of right valiant captains within the town, resenting these 

Cork. affronts, after consultation and by approbation of the 

President, issued out of the town with about four hundred musketeers 

and ninety horsemen, and marched near a mile before they could descry 

any of the enemy. And then espying a party of men (which they took 

to be those who had showed themselves near that town), made towards 

them with a loose wing of musketeers, the rest coming after softly ; 

which the enemy observing directed some shot of theirs to recover ** a 

place of advantage to which the enemy were advancing, who made such 

haste that they got the place first. And then the Irish placed an 

(■■») Smith, iii., ch. 5, says Lord Muskerry's camp was near Rochfortstown, parish 


ambuscado under a bank or ditch adjoining, and so there began a light 

skirmish amongst them, wherein the enemy did retreat, the 

The enemy English following them, who presently discovered the 

General's whole army ordered for battle. Though this was 

an unexpected sight to the English, yet they undauntedly went on, and 
were fiercely encountered by a right valiant gentleman of the Irish party 
called by nickname Captain Suggane, but rightly Florence McDonnell 
McFynyne (l5) (a second brother to McFynyne in Desmond), who was 
drawn into the action, and had more courage in him than I have seen or 
heard amongst any of the natives. He and his men, well armed and 
well " metalled," fought most stoutly with the English, in view of the 
General, the Lord of Muskerry, and the whole army ; from whom having 
no reasonable rescues, he was, after many shot and wounds received, 
slain and his head taken off, and most of his men lost. Whom having 
despatched they were commanded by the Lord of Inchiquin and the 
Colonel to march deliberately towards the body of the army, who there- 
upon began to move as fast from them, and yet divided themselves into 
two battalions as if they had an intention to enclose and circumvent the 
English. Who, notwithstanding, went on and fell on the rear of the 
enemy, who still marched away by so much the faster by how much the 
English pursued them, who still wondered at them, having cause to 
suspect some stupendous stratagem intended towards them. And yet 
they still followed them, and killed the rebels apace for two miles 
together. And in conclusion, the puissant General, the milksop Lord of 
Muskerry, the cowardly council, the cracking captains and the cast-down 
commanders marched away (I must not say fled) so fast, many being 
well horsed, that the common soldiers throwing away their pikes ran 
away as fast as their swift legs (their most favourable members) could 
carry them, and left behind them their carriage and other pillage, and 
the English in the open fields to wonder at and praise God for this un- 
Captain expected and incredible victory ; with all which, and with 

Suggane's Captain Suggane's head, they triumphantly returned to 
Cork ; and the Irish presently, and with facility, disbanded, 
every man (with shame) going to his own home. 

If you have now any occasion to use or advise with this invincible 
Lord General, you cannot fail to find him in a pad of straw ; if you will 
speak with the Lord of Muskerry, he is hardly to be found ; wheresoever 
it be, you shall find him sick in fever, occasioned through anguish of 
fear and heat of flying. There I leave them, and conclude this particular 

(15) MacFineen was a clan of note in county Kerry. I wish I could identify further 
the family of this brave soldier. 



by informing you that in all these combustions there was not one man 
lost, killed, or shot of the English ; but of the Irish there could not be 
less, by a gross computation, than two or three hundred ; and many 
more must have fallen, but that they would not stay for it. 

{End of the Manuscript.) 

jNfotes on the Council ]3 00 K 0/ ClonaKilty, 

Nuzv in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Totunsend, D. D. 

LETTER directed to William Snowe, esq re > by Francis 
Bernard, esq r > recorder of Cloughnakilty, dated 25 8 ber 
17 14, and is as follows : — 

" I have perused the charter of Cloughnakilty, and do find that 
the burgesses have thereby a power to assemble themselves on 
St. James' day, and to nominate three of their burgesses to stand 
in election for suffrain, and present them to the lord of the towne, 
who is by the sd. charter empowered to elect, nominate, and choose 
one of the three for suffrain, and the p'son. so chosen is to be sworn on St. Luke's day; 
and upon p'rusal of the sd. charter I am of opinion — i*'. that the nomination only, and 
not the election of a suffrain, is in the burgess's hand, and that the rt. of election is wholy 
reserv'd to the lord of the towne; 2 lld| y. that the election, or pretended election, made 
by the burgesses without nominating sd. three p'sons. to the lord of the town was 
illegal and void, being contrary to the powers given by the charter, and tends to deprive 
the lord of the towne of the right of election lodged in him by the express'd words of 
charter; 3rd. as the present case is, I conceive the corporation cannot do justice to 
themselves, as well as to Mr. Boyle, the Id. of the towne, unless they call a new 
assembly and proceed to the nomination of the p'sons. whose names ought to be 
presented to Mr. Boyle, in order to his electing and appointing which of the three shall 
serve for the ensuing, tho' it could be more conformable to the charter if they had done 
il before. Franxis Bernard, 

25 S^cr, 1715. 

Copia vera atested by Sam 1 Birde, dept. record. 

The records of this irregular election must have been destroyed, as 
there are no entries in the book from October, 1713, to October, 17 14. 

At a court held for sd. burrougb on Monday, the 25th day of July, 

,'." ' ,'^'i-n 1715, Mr. Arnold Gookin, Mr. Michael Beecher, and Capt. Henry 

Cloughnakilty. ' Jl ' 5 j 

Freke, being free burgesses of the said burrough, were chosen and 

elected to be presented to the Rt. Hono bIe Henry Boyle, Lord Carleton, to the end 


that one ot them may be nominated and appointed by his Idh to be suffrain for the next 
ensuing year, according to his Majesty's most gracious grant in that behalf. 
Joseph Jervois, Suff r »> Arte Bernard, 

Ralph Freke, Arnold Gookin, 

Robert Travers, Richd Sweet, 

John Honner, Ha. Freke. 

At the same court John Kerin was sworn freeman before Joseph Jervois, esq r > 


Pursuant to a precept directed to the suffrain, burgesses, and 
Burrough de co ^ onalty returnable on Satturday, the twelfth day of November next, 
grounded on his Majesty s wntt of sumonds, to choose two burgesses 
of the most discreet and most sufficient men of the sd. towne, to be and app r at the 
next Parliament to be held at Dublin on the 12th day of <) h ^ next, wee, the said 
suffrain, burgesses, and comonalty have freely unanimously elected and chosen 
S r Ralph Freke & Brigadeer Geo. Freke, to serve in the sd. Parliamt, this 17 day of 
8ber, 1 71 5. 

Joseph Jervois, Suffrn., Hary. Freke, 

Emanuel Moore, Randlf. Warner, 

Robert Travers, John Bourne, 

John Honner, Robert Gillman, 

Arthur Bernard, Richard Cox, 

Arnold Gookin, Richard Sweet. 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Monday, the 17th of Sber, 17 15, 
CI a-7 h'lt ^ n P erc y Freke, Mr. William Snowe, John Young, jun r > John Towne- 
' send, Richard Townesend, Henry Rice, Robt. Spiller, and Ralph Fuller 
were sworne freemen of this corporation before Joseph Jervois, esq r > suffrain. 

Signed by order, Saml Birde. 

At the same court Henry Austin and Samuel Austin, Mr. Walter Travers, and Mr. 
Tobias Harington, were sworn freemen of sd. corporation. 

Mr. Percy Freke, probably son of Sir Ralph, of Castlefreke ; born 
1699, died 1728. See Journal C.A.&H. Society, " Cork M.P.'s," P- 379- 

John Townesend was probably of Skirtagh ; born May 26, 1691 ; 
died 1756 ; third son of Bryan Townesend, of Castletownshend. He 
married Catherine, daughter of Colonel Barry, of Lisnagar, his first 
cousin, and left four sons and four daughters. Richard Townesend was 
probably of Castletownshend, the eldest son of Bryan, and grandson of 
Colonel Richard Townesend, the founder of the family in Ireland. He 
was born 1684, and died 1742. He married twice, first his first cousin, 
Mary Synge, by whom he had a son, who died young, and a daughter ; 
and second Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Becher, of Aughadown, by 
whom he had Richard, his heir John, of Shepperton, and three daughters. 

n 7 At a court of record held for sd. burrough on St. Luke's day, being 

liurrough of , „ , 6 ■" ° 

Clouvhnakiltv l 7 l S< tne same being the day for swearing in a new 

suffrain, Mr. Snowe, being agent to my Ld. Carleton, attended the 


court, and produced a letter from the Ld. Carleton, in which he appointed Michael 
Beecher, esq 1 ", to be suffrain for the ensuing year, and Mr. Beecher, being indispos'd by 
the gout that he cou'd not appear to be sworne, the court is pleased to adjourn to the 
5th day of o>er next, in which time it is hop'd Mr. Beecher will be able to appear, or 
sooner, to take office upon him. 

Joseph Jervois, Sufi"™, John Honner, 

Ralph Freke, Arnold Gookin, 

Rob. Travers, Rob. Gillman. 

Har. Freke, 
At the same court Mr. Hugh Hutchins was sworn freemen of the sd. corporation. 

_ , , At a court held for sd. burrough on Satturday, the 12 Q ber > 171;, 

CI <rj k'lt P ursuant to a rule of court made the iSth day of 8 b er inst., Michael 

Beecher, esq 1 ", pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the 

Rt. Hono'>le Henry Ld. Carleton, lord of the said towne, was sworn suffrain of the said 

burrough, and had the ensigns of authority delivered unto him by the late suffrain and 

undernamed burgesses. 

Joseph Jervois, Arnold Gookin, 

Ran. Warner, Richd. Sweet. 

Robt. Gillman, 

At the same court John Mead and Nicholas Bennett were sworn serj' s i Fardinando 
Spiller constable, and Daniel Bantry petty constable. 

The generall sessions of the peace held for the said burrough the 
,./. 16th day of May, 1716, before Michael Beecher, esq" - , suffrain, and the 
* undernamed burgesses, Mr. Snowe, agent to the Rt. HonWe Ld. Carleton, 

came this day and produced to the court an attested copy of the charter of their corpora- 
tion, whereby it appears that the Ld. Carleton, lord of the towne, has the sole power 
to appoint the deputy recorder, which the court submitted to ; and Mr. Snowe also 
produced a letter dated from his lordship, wherein he appointed Mr. Richard Hunger- 
ford, j urn, deputy recorder, in the room of Mr. Samuel Birde, deceased, and directed 
Mr. William Snowe to sware him, which was done accordingly by administering the 

usual oaths to him. 

Michael Beecher, Suff rn » Rich. Cox, 

Emanuel Moore, Robert Gillman. 

Randel Warner, 

At the same court Richd. Roberts and William Levison were sworn freemen of 
sd. corporation before the above suffrain and burgesses. 

Jurors' Names. — Edward Warner, Robert Morly, Henry Austin, Henry Hayes, 
William Mans, John Clarke, Jo. Bateman, John Bateman, John Teap, John Bennett, 
James Spiller, Saml Gilbertson, Florence Donovan, John Arandell, Robert Spiller. 

We find and present that the streets of Cloughnakilty are much out of order for 
want of paving. We, therefore, order that each and every inhabitant of sd. town shall, 
before the first day of August next, sufficiently pitch or pave as far as their respective 
habitations facing the street of sd. town the breadth of ten feet, and the same so paved 
or pitch'd shall preserve and keep clean from filth and dung, under the penalty of five 
shillings for each offence, to be levy'd by way of distress if need be, and be dispos'd 
of as the suffrain shall think fitt. 

We confirm all former presentments. 

Edward Warner, cum sociis. 



At a court held for said burrough on Wednesday, the 25th day of 
Burrough of ^ ^^ Mr Arnold Gookin, Mr. Richard Sweet, and Capt. Harry 
Cloughnaktlty. Frek ^ being f ree burgesses of the said corporation, were chosen and 
elected to be presented to the Rt. Honble Henry Lord Carleton, to the end that one 
of them may be nominated and appointed by his ldshp. to be suffrain for the next 
ensuing year, according to his Majesty's most gracious grant in that behalf. 
Michael Beecher, Suffrain, Arnold Gookin, 
Ralph Freke, Richd. Sweet, 

Geo. Freke, Ran. Warner, 

Har. Freke, Robert Gillman. 

Joseph Jervois, 
At the same court Mr. Richard Tonson and Mr. John Phare were sworn freemen of 
this corporation, as was also Mr. James Hawkes. 

Michael Beecher, Suff., Ralph Freke. 

Randel Warner. 

Richard Tonson, son of Henry Tonson of Newcourt, Skibbereen, 
and Spanish Island, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir R. Hull. He was 
forty-six years member for Baltimore. He married first Elizabeth 
Tynte, and second Peniel, widow of Michael Becher, of Aughadown. 
He died 1773, leaving his estates to William Hull, who took the name 
of Tonson, and was created Baron Riversdale of Rathcormac, 1783. 

At the court held for the said burrough the 24th of August, 17 16, 

_. , * ,./. Robert Sandford, Lionel Beecher, and John Kift were sworn freemen 
Cloughnaktlty. J 

of this corporation before Michael Beecher, esq r > suffrain, and the 

undernamed burgesses. 

Mich. Beecher, Suf" 1 . Joseph Jervois, 

William Hull, Ran. Warner. 

Lionel Becher, probably " Lyonel," younger son of Colonel Thomas 
Becher, and brother of Michael. Smith mentions that Captain Lionel 
Becher had a good house within the fort on Sherkin Island. 

_ , . At a court held for said burrough on St. Luke's day, being the 18th 

ClouehnakiUv °^ ^ ber ' I ^ 1 ^* ^ r * Arthur Gookin, one of the free burgesses of this 

corporation, pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the 

Rt. HonWe Henry Lord Carleton, lord of said burrough, was sworn suffrain of said 

burrough for the coming year, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the 

late suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Robert Gillman, William Hull. 

Richard Sweet. 

At the same court John Mead and Nicholas Bennett were sworn serj. for the 
ensuing year. 

Burrou Id At a C0Urt held for the Said burrou gh the 7th Cjber, 1716, John 

Cloughnaktlty Townesend » es 1 r> was sworn burgess of this corporation before the 
suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Arnold Gookin, Suffr., John Honner, 

William Hull, Richd. Sweet. 


Probably this was John Townesend, of Skirtagh, third son of Bryan. 
Born 1691, died 1756. Married Katherine, daughter of Colonel Barry of 
Lisnagar, and Susanna Townesend. He may, however, be John, son of 
John FitzCornelius, and grandson of Cornelius, eighth son of Colonel 
Richard Townesend. He was born 1698, and died unmarried. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Tuesday, the 28th of 
r] j b ,... r May, Sir Percy Freke, bart., was sworn burgess of this corporation 
' before Arnold Gookin, esq r » suffrain and the undernamed burgesses. 

At the same court Richard Browne, George Hull, and Thomas Gookin were sworn 

Arnold Gookin, Suffr., Robt. Travers, 

George Freke, Bobert Gillman, 

Ar. Bernard, John Honner, 

Emanuel Moore, William Hull, 

Richd. Sweet, John Burne. 

Sir Percy Freke, probably son of Sir Ralph Freke. Admitted free- 
man in 1715, and now made burgess on succeeding his father in the 
baronetcy. It is difficult to get a full pedigree of the Freke family. That 
given in the Betham MSS. (add. MSS. British Museum) does not 
mention George Freke. It begins with Francis Freke of Somerset, 
whose son, Robert, was auditor of the Treasury under Henry VIII., 
and died leaving upwards of ;£ 100,000. He had two sons, Sir Thomas 
of Dorset, and William of Sareen, Hants, who went to Ireland. He 
married a daughter of Arthur Swaine, esq., and had a son Arthur, who 
lived near Cork, and married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Piercy Smith of 
Youghal. Their son Piercy married his kinswoman Elizabeth, daughter 
of Rauf Freke, and purchased estates in Norfolk. Their son Rauf of 
West Bilney, Norfolk, was created a baronet. He had three sons, Sir 
Piercy, second baronet, M.P. for Baltimore, died 1728; Ralph died 1727 ; 
and John Redmond, third baronet, M.P. for Baltimore and Cork, with 
whom the title ended. His sister Grace married 1744 John Evans, 
fourth son of the first Lord Carbery, and her son took the name and 
arms of Freke as heir to his uncle. 

At a court held for said burrough on Thursday, the 25th of July, 

,,, , ^ i,-// , 17 1 7, John Bourne, esq r » Mr. Richard Sweet, and John Townesend, esq r . 

being free burgesses of the said burrough, were chosen and elected 

to be presented to the Rt. Hon b 'e Henry Lord Carleton, to the end that one of them 

may be nominated and appointed by his lordship to be suffrain for the ensuing year, 

according to his Majesty's most gracious grant in that behalf. 

Arnold Gookin, Suffrn., Robert Gillman, 

Emanuel Moore, Arth. Bernard. 


At a court there held, and pursuant to a warrant to the suffrain, 
Burroughof directed and gr0 unded on his Majesty's writ of summons for electing 
Cloughnakilty. ^ burgegs QUt of the mQSt discree t m en of this burrough to appr in 
this present parliament now sitting in Dublin, in the room of Sir Ralph Freke, 
deceased, we, the suffrain, burgesses, and freemen have elected aud chosen Richard 
Cox, esq r > to be our representative in this present parliament in the room of the sd. 
Sr. Ralph Freke. Dated this 31 d day of October, 17 17. 

Arnold Gookin, Suffer, Robt. Gillman, 

Robt. Travers. Ran. Warner, 

B. Townsend, John Honner, 

John Bourne, Joseph Jervois, 

Ar. Bernard, Wm. Hull. 

Richd. Sweet, 

These signatures are autograph. Arthur Bernard's is quaint, for he 
has inserted the date in the flourishes of the initial capitals of his name. 
Bryan Townesend was now an old man, and probably made the effort as 
his sons were to be admitted freemen. 

At the same court Capt. Morgan Donovan, Mr. Samuel Townesend, and Mr. 
Phillip Townesend were sworn freemen. Arnold Gookin, Suffn. 

At the same court Mr. Edward French, Mr. Joseph Clifford, and Mr. Bryan Wade 
were sworn freemen. Arnold Gookin, Suffn. 

The O'Donovan's territory was the cantred of Hy Donovan, between 
Bantry and Ross. They settled there when driven from Limerick in 
1 172. Morgan O'Donovan, of Ballincallagh, B.A. Oxon., born 1687, 
married 1733 Mary, daughter of T. Ronayne, and had Morgan, who 
married Mary, daughter of T. Becher, of Creagh. 

Mr. Samuel Townesend of Whitehall, on Roaring Water Bay, fifth 
son of Bryan Townesend of Castletownsend. He travelled in Italy, and 
on his return built a staircase in the Italian style in his house at White- 
hall. A miniature painted in Italy shows he must have been a singularly 
handsome man, with large blue eyes, and short, proud upper lip. He 
seems to have been a man of high principles and cultivated tastes. He 
was born in 1689 or 1692, high sheriff 1742, died 1759, married Dorothea, 
daughter of Sir E. Mansell. 

Mr. Philip Townesend of Derry, Rosscarbery, eighth son of Bryan 
Townesend. He was a captain in General O'Farrell's regiment, the 
22nd, during the wars with France in America. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Hungerford, of the Island. His letters from 
America to his family are printed in An Officer of the Long Parliament, 
pp. 242-53. 

( To be conthnicd.) 




RT in Cork has suffered a severe loss and many attached friends a deep 
grief by the death of Mr. Richard Barter, which occurred on the 5th of 
January last. For more than a week he had suffered from a complica- 
tion of heart disease, bronchitis, and brain affection. When his illness 
developed a threatening character he was, with some difficulty, persuaded 
to quit the studio, which was home to him as well as the scene of his labours, and to 
occupy a chamber in the great establishment ot St. Anne's Hill, where he was watched 
over with loving care, and medical skill of a high class was at his service. Dr. Altdorfer, 

Richard Barter, Sculptor. 

of St. Anne's, in close and frequent consultation with Dr. Harding, of Ballincollig, was 
assiduous in attendance, while Mr. Richard Barter, J.P., gave every moment he could 
snatch from the cares of his heavy undertakings to watch over the invalid. All the 
large household were ready to volunteer their services if needed, and guests followed 
with sympathy the stages of a malady which, unhappily, from the first showed a fatal 
tendency. In accordance with the faith and piety of his life, Mr. Barter's preparation 
was courageously made for death. In his last days some old friends who visited his 
bed of sickness were received with the customary warmth, which even the severity of 
his complaint could not diminish. To the end he was what he had been in life, one 


who combined with brilliant gifts a childlike simplicity and beauty of nature that won 
for him affection for his character as much as admiration for his abilities. 

Richard Barter was born in Macroom, and early showed a talent for art. About 
the age of twenty he went to Dublin to study, and there made many important 
acquaintances, amongst them no less a personage than Daniel O'Connell, who took a 
great interest in his progress, and was delighted with the vivacity and quaint humour 
of his conversation. Later on he went to London, where he was well received amongst 
the artistic fraternity. There he met Foley, by whom he was met with the frank 
comradeship which a great artist can extend to an aspiring junior, and which after- 
wards, if of no other avail, is cherished as a precious memory. He was also able to 
count amongst his friends, Mr. Brock, the distinguished sculptor, who, upon Foley's 
death, undertook the completion of his commissions, and executed them, as was 
acknowledged, in a style worthy of the designer. Mr. Barter was very proud of his 
intimacy with Mr. Brock, whose kindness and sympathy he always heartily acknow- 

About the year 1853, the late Dr. Barter, the well-known pioneer of hydropathy in 
Ireland, and the actual founder of the Turkish bath as an institution of these countries, 
invited his namesake to St. Anne's Hill. To this the sculptor was attracted by many 
circumstances. First, his admiration of the doctor, and his well-remembered and 
much honoured wife. The beauty of the place and its surroundings appealed to the 
poetic side of his nature, and then he was soon wrapped up in all sorts of projects 
and designs in connection with the bath and its dependencies. Finally, he built on 
the grounds a studio for himself, which constituted a sort of pied de terre, and, as it 
were, anchored him at St. Anne's. The question whether a man under other circum- 
stances would have achieved greater success is always a problematical one, but we 
entertain very strongly the opinion, that if Barter had remained in London to seek his 
fortune, it would ultimately have come to him. He had just the kind of talent which 
is most marketable. As a rule his aims were not of the loftiest character. He was 
generally content with an art which in painting is classed as genre work, though he 
occasionally did soar higher, and not without decided success. His productions were 
beautiful ; sometimes, or they were pretty, or gay or piquant. He had wonderful 
ingenuity, his treatment was always original and interesting, and his knowledge of 
anatomy was profound. Then he possessed a skill in portraiture which was surpassing. 
His perception of character, and his gift of expressing it in the lineaments of a subject, 
are not often equalled. In an especial degree he excelled in the faculty of producing 
posthumous portraits, and in these he has succeeded wonderfully even where he had 
never seen the originals. In proof of this we need only cite the bust of the late 
Mr. Charles Stewart Parnell, which he executed with only the aid of a photograph. 
No one need be surprised when we say that he had never seen the famous politician 
if the seclusion of his life, especially in the later years, is considered. As a matter 
of fact, he never did see him ; yet Mr. Parnell's friends and admirers who have observed 
the bust closely admit that as a likeness it has not been excelled. The same may be 
said of his still more recent bust of Cardinal Newman, whom likewise he had not 

With faculties of this sort, reinforced by a geniality of disposition which was 
calculated to disarm jealousies or enmities, one might say with some confidence that 
success would have been fairly certain for him had he resolved to pursue his career in 
London. But he loved his studio at St. Anne's, and the pleasant intercourse with the 
family and the guests in the establishment. It was gradually filled with artistic nick- 
nacks until it became a bijou residence in itself replete with interest by its appearance 


and contents, and especially attractive by the friendliness and bubbling humour of its 
host. Nor were his days here idle. On the contrary, he never failed in commissions 
which kept his time fully occupied and his hands and brain engaged in the favourite 
pursuit. His atelier is stored with models that attest his industry as well as the 
variety and constructiveness of his fancy. There are innumerable portrait busts. 
Prominent amongst the imaginative work is a noble terminal figure intended to 
sustain an electric light in a great hall. His group of " Friends " is a singularly 
effective combination of animated boyhood with the humorous aspect of animals. 
The works in the studio are religious, poetical, romantic — they touch the domain of 
art at most of its gates. The Gahvay peasant and girl constitute a charming idyl. 
The Christ face, in opposition to the face of the Warrior — visitors to the Cork Exhi- 
bition of 1883 may remember the remarkable head — suggests the possession of a 
power which he did not always care to put forth. 

In attempting to present a sketch of Barter, it would be a fault to omit allusion to 
the versatility which seemed to enable him to do anything with his hands. He would 
mend a watch, make an artificial tooth, design a frame or a bracket with equal facility. 
With a perfect ear for music he was never content with the ordinary facilities, and 
amongst his designs is an instrument which combines the characteristics of a piano 
and a violin. The flageolet was a favourite with him. He used it most effectively as 
an accompaniment for the voice. Another more special employment it had which 
ought to be mentioned. Of late years he acquired the habit of walking up the farm 
of St. Anne's Hill for the sake of exercise, and as his strength grew less, he had seats 
placed at intervals where he might rest. In these pauses it was his habit to take the 
flageolet out of his pocket and amuse himself by playing on it. And here occurred a 
strange thing. A tremendous bull, the monarch of the farm, gradually ceased the 
tremendous bellow identified with him, then approached the wall of separation from 
the road, and finally, as the music became habitual, used to stroll over to listen to it 
with a pleased if not critical air. This achievement gave great delight to poor Barter, 
and he used to tell it with much glee. Being told by him its accuracy need not be 
doubted ; but, to prevent cavil, it may be stated the story is confirmed by Mr. Barter, 
the owner of the herd. 

Amongst the creations of his skilful hands, and visited often by his loving friends, 
Barter passed a tranquil existence not devoid of enjoyment, and never rendered dull 
by idleness. He paid with great regularity a visit to London, so as to keep himself 
in touch with the progress of art, to arrange for the production in marble or bronze, 
as the case might be, of his own works, to renew acquaintance with his friends of the 
chisel, and to receive the hospitalities of many kindand generous patrons. Thus 
went by his days, with less of fame, perhaps, than he might have attained had he 
been more daringly ambitious, but comparatively free from the fretting cares which so 
often beset the lives of those who enter on a struggle in the great arena of the art 

His example may not be without benefit in some important respects. The profes- 
sion of art has sometimes been degraded by the career of individuals who followed 
it ; Barter's life might be said to reflect lustre on it. It was not merely that his works 
were always pure — his thoughts revolted from anything like sensuality or impurity. 
His habits were abstemious almost to asceticism ; his conversation was clean and 
wholesome, as well as instructive. Anything in art which lent itself to immorality 
awakened in him as much anger as his gentle nature was capable of. In his death 
Cork has to record the disappearance of one of those who have most effectually 
upheld its reputation in the domain of art, but we hope the example of devotion to 


its service which he gave may not be without efficacy in moulding to some extent 
the character and affecting the aspirations of those who are on the threshold of an 
artistic career. 

On the Monday following his death the committee of the Crawford Municipal 
School of Art passed the following resolution :— " Resolved, that the Committee of the 
Cork School of Art have learned with regret the death of Mr. Richard Barter, who for 
so many years by his admirable sculpture sustained the highest traditions of art in 

Since then a small committee has been formed with the intention of erecting a 

modest memorial over his grave in the New Cemetery. Contributions are limited to 

sums of one pound and under, and the Editor of this Journal will be happy to forward 

to it any donation which may be entrusted to his care. 

Thomas Crosbie. 

jNotes and Queries. 


Contributed by J. F. Lynch : SOME STRAY NOTES. 

Letters from General Washington to Reuben Harvey, Esq , of Cork. 
/. Buckley: Motion of the Earth near Charlevii.le, 1697. 
C. G'K. Smith: Purcell. 

Some Stray Notes. — The curious legend of the impatient serpent has obtained 
a wide circulation. I heard it years ago in Cork, and an old native of Caherconlish 
told it to me lately. The legend may have originated from an old prophecy which 
O'Curry (Lect. on MS. Materials, 426) translates from Leabhar Mor Duna Doighre. 
" Loch Bel Sead, or the ' lake of the jewel mouth,' was called also Loch Bel Dragain, 
or the ' dragon mouth lake '; because Ternog's nurse caught a fiery dragon in the shape 
of a salmon, and St. Fursa induced her to throw it into Loch Bel Sead. And it is that 
dragon will come in the festival of St. John, near the end of the world, in the reign of 
Flann Cinaidh. And it is of it and out of it shall grow the Fiery Bolt which will kill 
three-fourths of the people of the world." Loch Bel Sead is now called Lough Muskry, 
from the old territory of Muscraidhe Ui Chuirc, in which it is situated. This lake 
originated, according to the legend, from the playing of a harper named Cliach. He 
stood so long on one spot, that the ground burst under his feet. The old name of the 
Galtee mountains is Crotta Cliach, or the "harps of Cliach." The fiery dragon will 
begin his course at Dun Cearmna, or Old Head of Kinsale, and will flash as far as 
Sruibh Brain, or Lough Foyle. The reign of Flann Cinaidh (voracious) will be a 
momentous one for Cork, for during it also will come the broom out of Fanait, in 
Donegal, which will bring direful woe to the people of Cork. 

In the Smith MSS., Royal Irish Academy, there is a copy of a letter written 
from Limerick, the 13th August, 1640, by John Holme, "gentleman to the Lord Bishopp 
of Lymerick." In this letter is contained a very curious reference to the enchantment 
of the Earl of Desmond at Lough Gur. " Moreover, a countrey ffellow going off to 
Knockiney (Knockaney) ffaire to sell his horse, a gentleman standing in the waye 
demanding whether he would sell his horse, he answered yea, for ^5 : the gentleman 
would give him but ^4 10s. od., sayinge he would not get so much at the ffaire. The 
fellow went to the ffaire, could not get so much money, and found the gentleman on 


his return in the same place who proffered the same money ; the fellow accepted of it, 
and the other bid him come in and receive his money. He carried him into a fine spacious 
castle, payed him his money every penny, and showed him the fairiest black horse the 
fellow had ever seene, and told him that that horse was the Earl of Desmond, and that 
he had three shoes alreadye, when he had the fourthe shoe, which should be very 
shortlie, then should the earl be as he was before, thus guarded with many armed men 
conveying him out of the gates. The fellow came home, but never was there any 
castle in that place either before or since. 7 ' I have heard two variants of this old story. 
In one the earl's horse is supposed to cast a shoe; in the other the earl and his 
attendants are said to be asleep when the fellow is admitted into the castle. This 
variant reminded me of the story of the Sleeping Beauty of the Wood, though 1 would 
not say that it has been borrowed from it. 

The people have a tradition that in one of the dolmens near the lake there is 
buried a golden sword with the giant. Very curiously, Dun Fir Aen Cholca, of which 
I made mention in the Journal for last month, means "the fort of the man of the one 
sword." Cole is a short sword or dirk. I think the substantive is not now much used in 
the spoken language, but the adjective derived from it is used in a variety of ways ; for 
instance, to denote a boiling, roaring, troubled sea, or a very peevish, easily-angered, 
touchy person. 

The constant tradition of a castle at the bottom of Lough Gur probably took its 
rise, as many other like tales, from a tradition of the crannog dwellings. The old native 
term for crannog is now lost, but Mr. O'Beirne Crowe suggests that it might be " sceng," 
which he connects with the Sanscrit "skand" and Latin "scandere." O'Donovan, in Book 
of Rights, usually takes sceng to mean part of the trappings of a horse, but there is one 
passage where this meaning is not applicable, -cejc l*c;r)5J pop. \'C)hye-\"U no\)"CA, 
" ten scings against which the waves move." J. F. Lynch. 

Letters from General Washington, to Reuben Harvey, Esq., of Cork, 

Conveying the thanks of the Congress of the United States of America, in 1783, etc. — 

Head Quarters, Newburgh, 

iyd June, 1783. 
Sir,— I was yesterday favoured with your letter of the I2th February, and this day 
1 transmitted the papers which accompanied it to the President of Congress, with a 
letter of which the enclosed is copy. 

Your early attachment to the cause of this country, and your exertions in relieving 
the distresses of such of our fellow-citizens as were so unfortunate as to be prisoners 
in Ireland, claim the regard of every American, and will always entitle you to my par- 
ticular esteem. 

I shall always be happy in rendering you every service in my power. 
Being with great truth, sir, 

Your very obedient servant, 

G. Washington. 
Mr. Reuben Harvey. 

Head Quarters, Newburgh, 

2yd June, 1; 
Sir, — I do myself the honour to transmit your Excellency copy of a letter I have 
received from Mr. Reuben Harvey, of Cork, in Ireland, and sundry papers which 
accompanied it. The early part this gentleman appears to have taken in the cause of 
this country, and his exertions in relieving the distresses of such of our fellow-citizens 
whom the chance of war threw into the hands of the enemy, entitle him to the esteem 


of every American, and will, doubtless, have due weight in recommending him to the 

notice of Congress. 

I have the honor to be, 

Etc., etc., etc., 

G. Washington. 

His Excellency the President of Congress. 

JBB tbe "GlniteD States in Congress assembles. 

July i%th, 1783. 
On the report of a Committee, to whom was referred a letter of the 23rd June, from 
the Commander-in-Chief, enclosing the copy of a letter from Mr. Reuben Harvey, 
merchant in Cork, in the kingdom of Ireland, and other papers. 

Resolved— "That his Excellency, the Commander-in-Chief, be requested to transmit 
the thanks of Congress to Mr. Reuben Harvey, merchant in Cork, in the kingdom of 
Ireland, and express the just sense Congress entertain of the services he has rendered 

during the late war to American prisoners." 

Cha. Thomson, Secretary. 

Head Quarters, Stale of New York, 

August \oth, 1783. 
Sir, — I am honoured with the care of transmitting to you the enclosed resolution of 
Congress, expressing the sense which that august body entertain of your goodness to 
the American prisoners. 

Impressed as I am with sentiments of gratitude to you for this expression of your 
benevolence, I feel a very particular gratification in conveying to you the thanks of the 
Sovereign Power of the United States of America, on an occasion, which, while it does 
honour to humanity, stamps a mark of particular distinction on you. 

Wishing you the enjoyment of health, with every attendant blessing, I beg you to 
be persuaded that 

I am, with very particular respect and regard, sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

G. Washington. 
Mr. Reuben Harvey. 

Mount Vernon, 

August 30th, 1784. 
Sir, — Captain Stickney has presented me with your favour of the 25th May, together 
with the mess beef and ox tongues, for which you will please to accept my best thanks. 
I do not grow tobacco on my estate, nor am I possessed of a pound at this time, 
otherwise I would with pleasure consign a few hhds. to your address, under full per- 
suasion that no person would do me greater justice in the sale of them. Wheat and 
flour of the last year's produce is either exported or consumed — that of the present 
year is not yet got to market ; what prices they will bear is not for me to say. But 
tho' I do not move in the mercantile line, except in wheat (which I manufacture into 
flour), I should, nevertheless, thank you for any information respecting the prices of 
these articles. 

With very great esteem and regard, I am Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

G. Washington. 
Reuben Harvey, Esq. 

General Washington subsequently presented Reuben Harvey with a gold ring, in 
which was set a minature portrait of himself. 


Motion of the earth near Charleville, 1697. — The following account of 
this phenomenal occurrence is taken from a collection of leaflets in the British Museum, 
press marked 719, m. 17 (19), and endorsed "Apparitions and Wonders." — 

"Strange and wotiderful news from Ireland, giving a Dreadful RELATION of 
a Prodigious Motion of the Earth 
Near Charleville in the county of Limerick, in Ireland, on the 7th day of June, 1697, 
carrying with it abundance of Acres of Land, and a Bog of three Miles in length, laying 
pafture land on that which was Meadow, finking Hills and raifing Valleys ; and by what 
means it began and ceafed its motion : with many other amazing things that happened 
on this marvelous occafion. Licenfed according to Order. 

Strange and amazing are God's Wonders in the Air, the Earth and the Deep, 
whereby his Pozver and Might is manifefted to Mankind, and Warnings given to repent 
of their sins, and avoid impending fudgments ; for great and terrible is his wrath, and, 
if his indignation be kindled, the Earth trembleth, the Mountains melt, and the Rocks 
are rent before his Fury. Nor are our Times free from Warnings and Timely Notice 
by wonderful Prodigies and Portents, That the righteous Judge of all the Earth is 
offended with us for our Sins ; and, amongft others, what we are about to relate, may 
appear of more than ordinary Concernment, as being a thing flupendious, or, as we may 
term it, Supernatural, or contrary to the courfe and workings of Nature. 

On the 7th Day of fune, 1697, near Charleville, in the County of Limerick, in 
Ireland, a great Rumbling, or faint Noife, was heard in the Earth, much like the Sound 
of Thunder near fpent, or Groans of Men; for a little (pace the Air was fomewhat 
troubled with little Whisking Winds, feeming to meet contrary ways : and, foon after 
that, to the greater Terror and Affrightment of a great number of Spectators, a more 
wonderful thing happened ; for in a Bog, about three Miles long, ftretching North and 
South, the Earth began to move, viz., 16 Acres of Meadow and Paflure-land that lay 
in the fide of the Bog, feparated by an extraordinary large Ditch, and 80 Acres of other 
Land on the further lide adjoyning to it ; and a Rifing, or little Hill in the middle of 
the Bog hereupon funk flat. 

This motion began about Seven of the Clock in the Evening, fluctuating in its 
motion like Waves, the Paflure-land riling very high, fo that it over-run the ground 
beneath it, and moved upon its furface, rowling on with great pufhing violence, till it 
had covered the Meadow of about 9 Acres, and is held to remain upon it 16 Foot deep. 

In the Motion of this Earth it drew after it the Body of the Bog, part of it lying 
on the place where the paflure-land that moved out of its place had before flood ; and 
fo for many Hours travelling on it, continued fo to do, till, as it were, weary with 
journeying, it flood flill, leaving great Breaches behind it, and Spewings of Water that 
call up noifom Vapours : and fo it continues at prefent, to the great wonderment of 
thofe that pafs by, or come many miles to be Eye-witneffes of fo flrange a thing ; 
wherein appears the wonderful Power of Almighty God, who can do whatlbever pleafes 
him in Heaven and Earth, against whom no Power nor Strength is able to Hand, this 
mighty Mafs of Earth being, in comparifon, as an Attom before that Breath, at win fe 
blall the Foundations of the whole Earth are fhaken. 

But, not to comment on this Matter, that in itfelf is fo dreadful and amazing, let 
us ferioufly lay our Sins to Heart, and repent us of the evil of our doings, and take 
warning by the wonderful things that happen ; for how know we, but we are they on 
whom the Ends of the World are come, and fuch things may be the Fore-runners of 
flrange Events? However, fignitie it what it will, in it self it looks to be flrange and 


This is teflified by Mr. N. Harris, who was an eye-witnefs to it: And the original 
Letter that came from Ireland may be seen at the Sieve in the Minories, a Seed-fhop, 
for farther fatisfaction.— London : Printed by J. Wilkins, Fleet-ftreet, 1697." 

J. Buckley. 

Purcell. — Referring to this name, which appears in articles in recent numbers of 
this Journal, Mr. C. O'K. Smith sends the following account of an incident in the career 
of a distinguished member of the family : — 

"A Gallant Defence. 

" Among traits of bravery there is a story of Sir John Purcell's successful defence of 
himself against nine murderous antagonists, which is of considerable interest. 

Highfort, (0 the dwelling-house of John Purcell, esq., lies in a secluded place between 
Charleville and Kanturk, in the county of Cork. In the year 181 1 he was a gentleman 
past the middle life. He acted as agent for the Earl of Egmont, and for landed pro- 
prietors and others, and was always most accurate in accounting for the rents. His 
family consisted of himself, his daughter-in-law, and her little child, with two maids 
and a serving man. His house was in a lonely spot in the country, but he had no fears 
of anyone seeking to injure him ; he thought himself highly popular and perfectly safe. 
In this he was doomed to be undeceived. 

He had had a fatiguing day collecting rents on the nth March, 1811.(2) He took his 
solitary supper of cold meat and bread in his bedroom, and he told the man-servant 
not to sit up, as he need not remove the tray till the next morning. 

Mr. Purcell's bedroom was on the ground floor, and communicated with the parlour 
by means of a door. This door had, however, been nailed up, and some of the parlour 
furniture, chairs and tables, placed against it, and the only access to the bedroom was 
consequently by means of the passage. Having finished his supper, Mr. Purcell 
undressed and retired to rest. 

About one o'clock he was aroused by a noise as if some one approached the windows 
of the adjoining parlour. He listened. The windows of the parlour were pushed in, 
and several men climbed through. As well as he could judge as each man came down 
with a fall on the carpet he reckoned that about fourteen had entered the house. 

Mr. Purcell resolved to find out what they came for, and to defend his house. He 
arose, but recollected with dismay that all his weapons were in his little office out of 
reach, and the only implement available was the knife he had used at supper, and this 
he found before any attempt was made to enter the bedroom. Very soon he heard the 
table placed before the nailed door dragged away, and the long-disused door was pulled 
open. The round full moon looked brightly in through the space from the open parlour 
window, and as Mr. Purcell stood shrouded in darkness he saw a number of men, many 
of them bearing firearms, and with blackened faces, crowding into the room. Purcell 
stood, knife in hand, perfectly still, till one of the burglars entered the bedroom. The 
blade of the knife was plunged into the intruder's body, and he reeled back swearing 
he ' was killed.' The man who took his place received a like stab, and he fell back 
crying out that he was done for. Then some one called out ' Fire !' and the loud report 
of a short gun or blunderbuss was the reply, but the contents were only lodged in the 
opposite wall, while as soon as the smoke cleared away, the intrepid Mr. Purcell struck 
the marksman with his knife, and sent him wounded to his companions. A rush was 
now made. He was resolved, however, not to flinch, and struck a fourth robber, but 

(0 Highfort, Liscarroll. 

(2) Afier dining with Richard Smith, land agent, Newmarket, rode nine miles home at night, 
having left all his money in Mr. Smith's office safe. 


then received a blow on the head, and found himself grappled. In the struggle both 
Mr. Purcell and his adversary fell. Finding that his knife did not act effectually, he 
passed his finger along the blade and found to his dismay that it was bent near the 
point. He tried hard to straighten the blade as he lay struggling with his opponent, 
but soon the hold relaxed, and the man lay dead, and Mr. Purcell gladly seized the 
sword which he had carried as a substitute for the now useless knife. The gang now 
began to carry away their dead and wounded on chairs through the parlour window, 
the darkness in the bedroom preventing them from discovering that they were only 
opposed by one man. 

When all were gone, Mr. Purcell aroused his man-servant, who lay in his bed and 
never came to assist his master in that terrible conflict. The daughter-in-law and child 
were placed in safety for the remainder of the night, but the conflict was not renewed. 

The news of the attack and gallant defence spread far and wide, and men of all 
ranks, creeds, and classes came to offer their expressions of abhorrence of the attack, 
and of admiration of the courage and skill with which Mr. Purcell had acted. The 
party had consisted of nine men, all armed. Two were killed in the affray, and three 
severely wounded. Some of them fled, believing that a strong force defended the 

The Irish Government offered Mr. Purcell the honour of knighthood, which he 
accepted. He was called in the country the ' Blood-red Knight,' or by some the ' Knight 
of the Knife.' "(3) 

(?) The leader of the robbers, " Murrish-a-Jacket," so nicknamed from wearint 
red coat, was afterwards convicted and hanged. 

a soldier's 

Original pocunr^ents. 

Jnfcei ftestamentorum oltm in TRcgistro Cotcagfse. 

No. Name. 

190 Bennett, Mary, of Maulehollig 

191 Burnett, Thomas, of Corke . . 

192 Bryan, Richard, of Shannaclone 

193 Butler, Sarah, of Kinsale . . 

194 Billon, Elizabeth, of Corke . . 

195 6 Brien, William, of Corke . . 

196 Baily, Ann, of Killany 

197 Bermingham, John 

198 Barter, Francis, of Temple Michael 

199 Bedford, Martha, of Old Abby 

200 Barrett, James, of Garryadeen 

201 Barrett, Edmund, of Munniflugh 

202 Baily, Mary, of St. Finbarry's 

203 Brome, Joshua, of Corke 

204 Bernard, David, of Corke . . 

205 Barry, Ellinor, of Corke 

206 Burgess, Thomas, of Labacally 

207 Bidder, Julius, mariner 

Yl AK. 
17 I I 

17 12 




No. Name. 

208 Burnett, James, of Corke . . 

209 Burrowes, James, of Kinsale 

210 Boswood, William, of Moviddy 

211 Billing, Johanna, of Kinsale 

212 Bryan, Andrew, of Ross 

213 Bryan, Mary, of Mishells 

214 Baily, Charles, of Corke 

215 Baxter, George, of Corke 

216 Barrett, John, of Corke 

217 Boughilly, John, of Corke 

218 Barker, Daniel, of Bandon 

219 Burnam, Richard, of Corke . 

220 Bridges, Edward, of Kinsale 

221 Bridges, William, of Corke . . 

222 Bryant, Humphrey, of Corke 

223 Bowerman, Henry, of Cooline 

224 Baily, Samuel, of Admstown 

225 Buchanan, Robert, of Corke 

226 Butler, Anthony, of Ballyhalowick 

227 Barrett, Edmond, of Thomes 

228 Blithman, Joane, of Kinsale 

229 Bryan, Robert of Cloghine . . 

230 Blake, George, of Kinsale . . 

231 Best, Richard, of Kinsale .. 

232 Bruce, Charles, of Corke 

233 Beecher, Elizabeth, of Aghadown 

234 Bryan, Thomas, of Kinsale . . 

235 Barry, John, of Corke 

236 Baker, Thomas, of Corke . . 

237 Browne, Aldn. Edward, of Corke 

238 Baily, John, of Castlemore . . 

239 Bedford, John, of Corke 

240 Bodwing, Robert, of Kinsale 

241 Brooks, William, of Bantry . . 

242 Bouhilly, Darby, of Blarney Lane 

243 Best, Mary, of Kinsale 

244 Barra, William, of Banduff . . 

245 Bird, John, of Skerlagh 

246 Busteed, Richard, of Mahon 

247 Bichford, John, of Kinsale . . 

248 O'Brien, Thady, of Scartbarry 

249 Boudler, William, of Cashell 

250 Burrows, Ann, of Butlerstown 

251 Bull, William, of Bandon .. 

252 Bryan, Dennis, of Corke 

253 Barry, William, of Corke 

254 Brandreth, Elizabeth, of Corke 

255 Byrne, George, of Knockshanavay 

256 Ballaire, Benjamin, of Corke 





No. Name. 

257 Bussell, William, of Corke 

258 Beamish, Thomas, of Raharone 

259 Baker, Henry, of Corke 

260 Body, Alexander, of Corke 

261 Browne, James, of Corke 

262 Birchfield, John, of Corke 

263 Berry, Thomas, of Corke 

264 Bowler, Ferdinand, of Kinsale 

265 Bishop, Robert, of Kinsale 

266 Banfield, John, of Ardkahan 

267 Brothers, John 

268 Bonbonus, John, of Corke .. 

269 Blennerhassett, Benjn., of Corke (sic) 

270 Bently, Thomas, of Corke 

271 Boyle, Thomas, mariner 

272 Bennett, Richard, of St. Margt's., Westminster 

273 Brawly, Hugh, of Corke 

274 Bishop, John, of Kinsale 

275 Baily, Ann, of Parish of Moviddy 

276 Baily, George, of Ballygowan 

277 Beare, Ellinor, of Corke 

278 Bennett, Philip, of Maulnahollig 

279 Barry, David, of Corke 

280 Blazeby, James, of Cahirgall 

281 Bridges, Edward, of Corke 

282 Bowen, Timothy, of Kinsale 

283 Barrett, Samuel, of Corke 

284 Bennett, John, of Cloghnakilty 

285 Beamish, Richard, Ballanard 

286 Burges, John, of Knocklaragh 

287 Bullen, William, of Kinsale . . 

288 Boyle, Sarah, of Corke 

289 Broffe, Mary, of Corke 

290 Barry, William, of Corke, mariner 

291 Baily, Sarah 

292 Barbotin, Hester 

293 Birchfield, Catherine, of Corke 

294 Bernard, Arthur, of Pallas 

295 Barker, Mary, of Bandon 

296 Bousfield, Benjn., of Ardrally 

297 Bernard, Jane, of Corke 

298 Barry, Edmd., of Corke, scrivener 

299 Braly, Catherine, widow 

300 Banfield, Stephen, of Corke 

301 Bennett, John 

302 Barry, James, of Balliualty 

303 Bourne, John, of Bandon 

304 Barnett, Elizabeth, of Corke 

305 Barker, John, of Kinsale 





9 6 


No. Name. 

306 Banfield, Jane, of East Skehanagh . . 

307 Billon, Catherine 

308 Barry, David, of Corke 

309 Baily, Thomas, of Corke 

310 Blanshat, John, of Corke 

311 Browne, Ann, of Cork 

312 Bryan, Diana, of Roscarbery 

313 Brewster, Ann, of Hilltown 

314 Brooks, Jane, of Corke 

315 Barter, John, of Cooldaniel 

316 Beecher, John, of Bristol 

317 Browne, Margaret, of Corke 

318 Banfield, Thomas, of Corke 

319 Beale, Cabel, of Corke 

320 Bouisx, Peter, of Corke 

321 Byrne, James, ship carpenter 

322 Beeche, Samuel, of Passage 

323 Bonbonus, Joseph, of Corke 

324 Bond, William, of Ballyrosheen 

325 Bishop, Barnabas, of Knockiloosy 

326 Bridges, William, of Corke 

327 Bennett, John, of Corke 

328 Bourne, Richard, of Cloncalabeg 

329 Bulman, Edward, of Bandon 

330 Boland, Thomas, of Corke 

331 Bullen, John, of Currahoo 

332 Barren, Margery, of Corke 

333 Bennis, John, of Corke 
33.; Barrett, John, of Corke 

335 Baker, Frances, of Corke 

336 Browne, William, of Coolcoosane 

337 Burread, Robert, of Ringour 

338 Bodwin, George, of Corke 

339 Bohilly, Teige, of Blarney Lane 

340 Beamish, Francis, of Kilmalooda 

341 Boyle, Anne, of Corke 

342 Baily, John, of Ballincranig 

343 Baker, Robert, of Corke 

344 Burnett, Cecilia, of Corke 

345 Bryant, George, of Kinsale 

346 Baldwin, Henry, of Garraneacoonig . . 

347 Barter, Thomas, of Annaghmore 

348 Barry, Richard, of Passage 

349 Bonniott, Lucy, of Corke 

350 Bingham, George, of Corke 

351 Bridges, William, of Bandon 

352 Blurton, Edward, surveyor of excise . . 

353 Baron, John, of Corke, clothier 

( To be cotitinued). 


















































Second Series. — Vol. II., No. 15.] 

1 March. 1896. 



Cork Historical & Arch^ological 


)\n historical Recount 0/ \\\z pomir\icar\s oj Cor\, 

From 1229, the year of their first foundation in tlic City, to our own tizzies. 

Chapter VI. 


HE Episcopal Jubilee of Pius IX. was celebrated with 
great pomp in Rome on the 3rd June, 1877. The 
bishop and priests of Cork, desirous of participating in 
the universal joy of Christendom, decided on having 
the city illuminated, and the following quotation from 
the Examiner of June 8th conveys some idea of the 
enthusiasm of the citizens on the occasion : — 
"There has certainly been nothing of its kind seen in Cork within living memory 
that could be at all compared with the illuminations of last evening. All the trades 
that come into requisition on such an occasion — gasfitters, painters, decorators, 
chandlers, etc. — all had their hands filled to overflowing by the demands of the in- 
tending illuminators, and although aid was in many instances procured from Dublin 
and other places, it was found impossible to execute more than half the orders. But 
these were mere matters of art. Nature, too, was very largely laid under contribution, 
and the quantity of green boughs, and sometimes whole trees, that were brought into 
the city, would, if gathered together, have made up a respectable forest. The great 
thing to be observed concerning the demonstration last night was its universality. 


St. Mary's Church was certainly one of the most picturesque and most tastefully 
decorated buildings in the city. The Priory was surmounted with a large number of 
flags, combining a variety of colours, and presenting altogether a tasteful picture. All 
the windows were gaily lit up with candles and lamps. The church itself was a marvel 
of prettiness; the statue of the Blessed Virgin on the top of the edifice was brilliantly 
illuminated. The coronet on the head of our Lady was all aflame with little gas jets, 
and a collection of jets also lay at her feet. The portico was bedecked with flags, and 
each end of it was topped with a flag — one bearing the Papal arms, the other was 
white with a rich red cross on it. . . . At this point they had spanned the river 
with a great number of beautiful flags. From the centre of the line depended a large 
handsome banner, on which were depicted the tiara and the cross-keys, surmounted by 
the sacred motto, 'Gloria in Excelsis,' and underneath 'Long live Pius IX.' On the 
right hand was a shield bearing the inscription ' Signum Fidei,' and on the other shield, 
' Ireland and Italy.' On the river they had tar-barrels, and along the quays a still 
greater number. There was a band in attendance throughout the evening." 

Eight months after this imposing display of love and veneration, the 
sad news of the Pope's death was flashed by telegraph to the ends of 
the earth. Pius IX. died on the 7th February, 1878, and, as in the pre- 
vious June his Episcopal Jubilee was celebrated with every token of joy, 
so now sorrow was everywhere manifested, and many were the fervent, 
heartfelt prayers offered for the soul of the deceased Pontiff. A solemn 
requiem high mass was celebrated in St. Mary's Church on the 12th. 
The sanctuary and apse were draped in black, and around the high 
catafalque erected in the centre of the church, as in other parts of the 
sacred building, were suspended various shields descriptive of the prin- 
cipal events in the reign of His Holiness. On the eastern tower was 
likewise raised the Papal standard at half-mast. All the churches of the 
city continued to exhibit signs of mourning until the election of Leo XIII. 
as universal pastor of the church and bishop of Rome. The new Pope 
was crowned on the 3rd March, with as much solemnity as was possible 
under the trying circumstances which then prevailed. 

After an interval of seven years, during which time the Dominicans 
were governed by a vicar-general, the Most Rev. Joseph Larocca suc- 
ceeded Father Jandel as master-general of the Order. He was elected 
in October of this year, and was a man who, like his predecessor, was 
gifted with the spirit of zeal and prudence. 

The marble pulpit^ in St. Mary's Church was inaugurated on the 
30th May, 1880, the opening sermon being preached by the Most Rev. 
Dr. Fitzgerald, bishop of Ross, who made an eloquent appeal to those 
present to aid in liquidating the debt, £500, most of which was realized 
by the exertions of the members of the Confraternity of St. Thomas 
Aquinas, which association is appropriately called the "Angelic Warfare." 

(0 It was designed according to the Italian renaissance, a style which prevailed in 
Italy during the fourteenth and two succeeding centuries. 


The following words in gilt letters are inscribed on its base — "In honour 
of St. Thomas of Aquin, their holy patron, this pulpit was erected by 
the exertions of the young men of the Sodality of the 'Angelic Warfare,' 

Just a month after this ceremony, the priorship of St. Mary's being 
vacant, the Very Rev. Father Carbery, ex-provincial, was elected to the 
office. His return to Cork was universally hailed, as he was much 
beloved by all classes whilst previously living in the city He did not 

Most Rev. Dr. Carbery, 0.1\ 

(Late Bishop of Hamilton, Canada.) 

however retain the position long, as about two months afterwards he was 
summoned to Rome by the General, who appointed him his assistant. 
After three years residence in Rome he was promoted by His Holiness, 
Leo XIII., to the Episcopal See of Hamilton, in Canada. Though he 
presided only four years over this diocese, we are told that he erected 
several churches, colleges, and schools — which are monuments of his 
great zeal and activity — and promoted by word and example the love 
of religion and piety. No wonder then that he was affectionately 
remembered by the people whose spiritual interests he so well guarded. 
Dr. Carbery came to Cork at the close of the year 1887 with the inten- 


tion of visiting Rome on the occasion of the Papal Jubilee, but his health, 
already impaired, became gradually weaker, and he passed away leaving 
many dear friends to mourn his loss. After office and high mass at 
St. Mary's, his remains were transferred to Limerick and laid under 
St. Saviour's Church, in the vault which was built according to his own 
design. The following sketch of his life will, I doubt not, be of interest 
to those who were acquainted with the deceased. 

He was born in county Westmeath in 1822, and made his preparatory 
studies in the seminary of Navan. When nineteen years of age he went 
to Rome, and entered the Dominican Order. Having completed his 
studies in the " Eternal City," he was ordained priest and returned to 
Ireland. The first sphere of his labours was St. Mary's, Pope's Quay, 
where for ten years and two months he exercised the sacred duties of his 
ministry. At the time of his death one of the local papers observed that 
" though many years have passed since he lived among the people of 
Cork, the memory of Father Carbery is still fresh in the minds of those 
who knew him, and the kindly demeanour and kindlier actions of the 
young Dominican are still cherished and fondly remembered." 

Recognising his sterling worth, the Provincial appointed him prior 
of St. Mary's, Limerick, where, as in Cork, he produced a lasting im- 
pression for good on the hearts of all with whom he came in contact. 
Young men especially were the objects of his untiring zeal, and there 
are many still living who ascribe to him their success, both in spiritual 
and temporal affairs. After some years he was elected to the responsible 
position of provincial. Then, as already stated, he became companion 
to the General, and subsequently bishop of Hamilton. 

On account of his intimate connection with the Dominicans of 
Ireland, and more especially those of Cork, it is with pleasure I would 
ask my readers to dwell with me for awhile on the distinguished career 
of our present bishop, the Most Rev. Dr. O'Callaghan. The South 
Parish claims to be his birthplace. He was born in 1839, and at an 
early age was placed in the North Monastery, under the care of the 
Christian Brothers, who instilled into his mind not only the principles 
of solid piety, but likewise those of profane learning, for which he 
manifested a great aptitude. As he grew up he attended a school at 
Sunday's Well conducted by Mr. D. O'Connor, and afterwards received 
lessons in the classics from Mr. O'Sullivan, South Mall, whence he 
passed to the grammar school of St. Mary's Priory, where his desire to 
enter the Order was matured. In 1857 he entered the noviciate at 
Tallaght, the Rev. Father Thomas Burke being then master of the 
novices. Having made his profession, he studied philosophy under 
same gifted teacher. Then he left for San Clemente, Rome, and attended 


the theological lectures delivered by a Dominican at the famous college 
of the Minerva. He was elevated to the priesthood in 1864. After 
twelve months he returned to Ireland, and was assigned to the convent 
of Tallaght, where for six years he was employed in teaching. He was 
then sent to Cork, but in 1872 contracted the smallpox which then 
raged in the city, and after a long illness was again restored to his usual 

Mm 1 R] Vi Dr. O'Callaghan, <>.!'. 

>p of Cork.) 

health and vigour. In the following year he was appointed prior of the 
West Convent, which is situated in Claddagh, a poor though romantic 
spot in Galway. This position he held scarcely twelve months, when he 
became superior of St. Catherine's Priory in Xewry. After an interval 
of five years he again went to Rome, where the students of San Clemen te 
were placed under his care. 

The Rev. Father Mullooly dying about this time, Father O'Callaghan 


succeeded him as prior of the Irish Dominican College/ 2 ) This posi- 
tion he filled with honour for some years, when in June, 1884, he was 
appointed coadjutor-bishop of Cork. His consecration took place on the 
Feast of SS. Peter and Paul, in the Church of San Clemente, which was 
splendidly decorated for the occasion. Cardinal Simeoni, prefect of the 
Propaganda, was the celebrant, assisted by Monsignor Salua, O.R, com- 
missary of the Holy Inquisition, and by Dr. Kirby, of the Irish College. 

About a month afterwards, on the 2nd of August, Dr. O'Callaghan 
arrived in Cork, and was received enthusiastically by the people. On 
the death of Dr. Delany, one of the most eminent bishops of this 
century, Dr. O'Callaghan, by right of succession, took possession of the 
diocese. In order to give some idea of what he has done since then it is 
merely necessary to quote the words of the Irish Catholic of the 8th 
September, 1888 : — "To speak in detail of Dr. O'Callaghan's services to 
the Church since he has been raised to the episcopate would be impos- 
sible within the limits at our disposal, but it is no exaggeration to say 
that his lordship has displayed in the great sphere of duty to which he 
has been called those characteristic virtues of humility, devotion, and 
self-abnegation, as well as of firmness, in every righteous cause, which 
have always rendered him the beloved of his brethren in religion, and 
the esteemed and revered friend of those beneath his sway." May God 
prolong his life to continue the glorious work in which he is engaged — 
ad vinltos annos. 

A little more than three months after Dr. O'Callaghan's consecration 
the Most Rev. Dr. Hyland closed his earthly career. He was, as my 
readers may remember, especially connected with St. Mary's. His 
death occurred at Trinidad, at the early age of forty-seven years, but 
though his life was short, it was full of merits and good works. He was 
born in Dublin in 1837, of a good pious family, four members of which 
entered the religious state. (3) The deceased prelate joined the Dominican 
Order in 1856, and, like the bishop of Cork, made his noviciate at 
Tallaght, under the care of Father Burke. Having been professed, he 
went to Rome to complete his studies, to which he applied himself with 
great assiduity and marked success. In 1861 he was raised to the priest- 
hood, and, returning to Ireland in the following year, was immediately 
assigned to Holy Cross Abbey, Tralee, whence after twelve months he 
went to Cork. There are still in our city so many devoted friends by 

(2) Father Mullooly was deservedly considered a most distinguished antiquarian. 
It was he who discovered the ancient (now the subterranean) Church of San Clemente. 

(3) His brother, the Very Rev. Clement Hyland, O.S.F., was guardian of the convent 
of his Order, where he resided at the time of the bishop's death, and two sisters had 
become " Poor Clares." 


whom he is remembered that it is unnecessary to dwell at length on the 
qualities which distinguished Father Hyland. His zeal, eloquence, and 
self-sacrifice in the exercise of his sacred office are proverbial. During 
his stay in Cork he not only worked for the welfare of the people, but 
was likewise employed in teaching the students of St. Mary's, and was at 
the same time archivist of the convent.^ The fruits of his energy in this 
interesting sphere have been such as to considerably lighten the labours 
necessarily entailed on the writer of this historical account. 

Most Rev. Dr. Hyland, O.I'. 

{Late Coadjutor-Bishop of Port of S/ain.) 

For more than sixteen years Father Hyland thus devoted himself to 
the interests of religion, and in 1880 was deservedly promoted to the 
priorship of Tralee. Two years subsequently he was appointed coadjutor 
of the Most Rev. Dr. Gonin, O.I'., archbishop of Trinidad. His consecra- 
tion took place in the church of San Clemente, Rome, on the 30th April, 
1882/5) the celebrant being his Eminence Cardinal McCabe, the late 
archbishop of Dublin. He then went without delay to Port of Spain, 
where he literally wore himself out in the service of his Divine Master, 

(•») Father Dwyer, O.P., succeeded him in this office in November, 1890. 
(5) The title assumed by him was that of Bishop nl " Kvrea." 


and after two years died from the effects of a virulent climatic fever, his 
constitution, already enfeebled, being unable to cope with the desease. 
May his memory be cherished, and may his noble example ever live in 
the minds of his brethren and of his numerous friends. 

At the close of the visitation in June, 1885, the Very Rev. J. T. Towers, 
provincial, made the following observations : — " Since the last visitation 
the province, and this house in particular, have had to lament the death 
of the Very Rev. Father Willard. The greater part of his holy life was 
spent in St. Mary's, of which he was a son. Here he edified his brethren 
by his sanctity, zeal, and self-sacrifice. Stricken down in the prime of 
life by a painful malady, he bore his trial with patience and resigna- 
tion, so that when summoned hence his death was like his life, "precious 
in the sight of God."< 6 > 

Father Willard was so well known in our city that it is unnecessary 
to add to the above testimony of his worth. Suffice it to say that his 
sterling qualities were so much appreciated by his brethren they elected 
him several times to the responsible position of prior, both in Cork and 

His remains were laid in St. Mary's Cemetery, and the following 
simple lines inscribed on the tombstone : — 

"Pray for the repose of the soul of Rev. John Willard, S.T.B., 
who died Sept. 28, 1884. Aged fifty-eight years. R.I. P." 

On the 4th February, 1890, the Most Rev. Dr. Flood, O.P., was in- 
vested with the pallium as archbishop of Port of Spain. The ceremony 
took place in the cathedral of Trinidad, the Most Rev. Dr. Butler, S.J., 
bishop of Demerara, officiating. Amongst the many distinguished 
persons present was the Governor of Trinidad. 

Dr. Flood has laboured strenuously for the welfare of those committed 
to his care. The grand results which have attended his untiring efforts 
should not surprise us if we consider the high qualities of mind and 
heart with which he is endowed. We wish him, then, many years of 
happiness and success in the good work in which he is engaged.^ 

The Very Rev. B. T. Russell, whose name is well known to our 
readers, died on the 10th July, 1890, in the Dominican Priory, Cork. 
{See portrait, page 407, No. 9, September, 1895, of this Journal.) 
His career was most distinguished. For seventy-four years he shone 

( 6 ) A reference was likewise made to the new high altar, at the erection of which 
the baldachino was raised to its present height. This altar was consecrated by the 
Most Rev. Dr. O'Callaghan on the 1st May, 1888. 

(7) The name of Father Vincent Flood is mentioned in the " Records" of St. Mary's 
Priory early in the year 1870. 



amongst his brethren as a leader and an ornament in the Order to 
which he belonged. He bore an extraordinary love to the habit of 
St. Dominic, and, being desirous of spending his life as an humble friar, 
could not be induced to accept the episcopal dignity to which he had 
been nominated. The personal friend of many great men, he never 
aspired to other title than that of " friar preacher." 

He was born in Cork on the 27th March, 1799, and entered the 
Order when eighteen years old. Having finished his studies -in Corpo 

Most Rev. Dr. Flood, O.P. 

(.1 rchbishop of Port of Spain. 

Santo, he returned in 1823 to his native city, where, heedless of contempt 
and prejudice, which in those days was frequently the portion of priest 
and friar, he preached and laboured unceasingly in the old chapel of 
Dominick Street. 

When, in 1829, Catholic Emancipation was granted to Ireland, our 
"silver tongued preacher," as he was called, making an appeal on behalf 
of the Christian Brothers' Schools, thrilled his audience by the following 
expressive words : — " Let us give glory to God to-day, for to-day we are 
free ; our bonds have been broken, and we are delivered ; but no ! we are 
not all free. There is one slave in your midst, and that is he who 


addresses you. Yes, my brethren, yes. I, alas ! am still a slave, for I 
am still in the eyes of the law a felon."< s > This feeling of slavery did not, 
however, deter him from exercising his ministry in pulpit and confessional 
during his long and laborious life. 

His uprightness of character, blended with sweetness and discretion 
as well as deep-seated piety, attracted not only the young, but those 
advanced in years. His Order was to him as poverty to St. Francis of 
Assysium, " his spouse and his queen." He lived only for its advance- 
ment, and his heart seemed to throb only for its welfare. We need but 
look on St. Mary's, its church and priory, both built by him, which are 
ornaments to our city, and, we trust, fountains of good — spiritual and 
temporal — to glean some idea of Father Russell's capabilities and well- 
regulated zeal. 

His peaceful, happy death was a fitting close to a life so full of merit 
and good works. His remains were laid in St. Mary's Cemetery after the 
requiem high mass, celebrated by the Most Rev. Dr. O'Callaghan, O.P. 

His brethren united with other dear friends amongst the laity in 
raising in the sanctuary of the church a beautiful monument^ as a testi- 
mony of their affection and veneration. 

Scarcely had two months elapsed after Father Russell's demise 
when Dr. Leahy, bishop of Dromore, departed this life. These two 
distinguished men were fellow-students in Corpo Santo, and co-labourers 
in the city of Cork. Rivals only in the cause of religion, they were 
closely united by ties of the deepest affection. 

John Pius Leahy was, like his friend, a native of Cork. Born on the 
25th July, 1802, he went when only fifteen years old to Corpo Santo, 
where in due time he made his profession in the Dominican Order, and 
was ordained in 1825. Having distinguished himself as a student, he 
was immediately assigned to teach various branches of ecclesiastical 
subjects — philosophy, theology, and the history of the Church — and was 
thus employed for fifteen years. He was likewise rector of the college 
of Corpo Santo, founded by the celebrated Dominic O'Daly, a native of 
Kerry. (l °) In 1847 Father Leahy was elected prior of the Dominican 
convent, Cork, and subsequently Provincial of Ireland. In this capacity 
he attended the Synod of Thurles in 1850. Deservedly held in high 

( g ) Father Russell alluded here to the exclusion of the regular clergy from the 
benefits of Catholic Emancipation. See his appeal in December number (1895) of this 

(9) This monument was designed by Mr. Hynes, architect, and executed by 
Mr. O'Connell, sculptor, with the exception of the bust, which was the work of 
Thomas Farrell, r.h.a., Dublin. 

(*°) He was also called " Dominic of the Rosary." 


repute as a theologian, he was appointed Master of Conference for the 
diocese of Cork. 

Such was the career of this great man before he was compelled, in 
1854, to leave the retirement so dear to him, in order to become 
coadjutor-bishop to Dr. Blake in the diocese of Dromore. The latter 
dying six years subsequently, Dr. Leahy succeeded to him, and governed 
the diocese for thirty years. He ruled his flock with mildness and 
firmness, spreading everywhere the sweet odour of his virtues, being 
specially remarkable for profound humility, which pervaded his every 

Most Rev. Dr. Leahy, O.F. 

(Late Bishop of Dromon.} 

movement. Though gifted above most men with the power of eloquence, 
by reason of which he was considered the first pulpit orator in Ireland, 
he shrank instinctively from the public gaze, and loved nothing better 
than retirement. Nevertheless, he was ever ready at the call of duty or 
charity to make church or oratory resound with words of light and 
charm, which held his listeners spellbound. 

During his episcopate Dr. Leahy had always at heart the advance- 
ment of religion, and under his paternal care the Poor Clares and 
Sisters of Mercy were introduced into Newry, as well as the latter into 


Rostrevor and Lurgan. In Newry also during his time were established 
the Dominican church and priory of St. Catherine. Many other churches 
and schools, besides religious bodies, owe their existence in Drornore to 
its honoured bishop, who until his death was ever the same unassuming 
Father Leahy that was loved and revered by the people of Cork. 

If humility be the foundation of all other virtues, there is little 
doubt that Dr. Leahy had reached the climax to which this virtue 
leads, true nobility and sanctity of soul, combined with a holiness of life 
to which few can attain. No wonder, then, that his death, like his life, 
was considered that of a saint. His obsequies were celebrated in the 
cathedral of Newry on the 9th September, 1890, and were attended by 
an immense concourse of people, besides many prelates, amongst whom 
was Dr. O'Callaghan, O.P., who was celebrant on the occasion. The 
remains of the deceased bishop were laid in the cemetery attached to 
the "old chapel" of Newry, where for some years the Dominicans had 

The Most Rev. Joseph Larocca, general of the Order, died in 
January, 1891. His successor, Father Frlihwirth, a native of Austria, was 
elected at Oulins, near Lyons, on the 20th of the following September. 
Being a man of great learning, he was appointed master of studies in 
the Dominican convent of Gratz in 1876, and more than once declined 
the episcopal dignity. (ll) 

About this time two side altars, (l2 > of exquisite design and superior 
workmanship, were erected in the church, Pope's Quay. We are indebted 
for these altars to the late Miss Susan Murphy, who bequeathed one 
thousand pounds to the community of St. Mary's. She was sister of 
the late Count Murphy, and Nicholas Murphy, of Carrigmore. 

The writer avails of this opportunity to express his own and his 
brethren's heartfelt gratitude to this well-known and distinguished 
family, and to give them the earnest assurance of constant remembrance 
in the prayers of the community. 

Amongst the many deceased friends of the Cork Dominicans was one 
who was connected with them from his boyhood, and whose memory 
shall be ever held by them in the most affectionate esteem. Mr. Thomas 
Bresnan was a man of rare virtue, and conspicuous amongst his fellow- 
men for uprightness of character and holiness of life. A faithful member 

(■OOnly on three occasions in six hundred years has an Austrian been elected 
General of the Dominican Order. 

( I2 ) The plans were drawn by Mr. Hynes, and the work executed by Messrs. Daly 
and Son, Cook Street. The group surmounting the altar of our Lady, and the statue 
over that of St. Dominic, were wrought and erected by Mr. Smyth, of Dublin — the 
former at the expense of the female branch of the Confraternity of the Rosary, and the 
latter at the expense of the Sodality of St. Thomas Aquinas. 


of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, and attached from his youth to 
the Sodality of the Holy Name (established at St. Mary's for the 
teaching of catechism on Sundays), he scrupulously observed the rules 
of these societies, and was united with both up to his death. The 
members of the Sodality, appreciating his high qualities, elected him 
president each succeeding year. 

At the inauguration of the Young Men's Society at St. Mary's by the 
late Dr. Leahy, O.P., Mr. Bresnan was amongst those present. He was 
subsequently appointed vice-president, which position he filled with 
honour for twenty-five years, when on the retirement of the president, 
Mr. John George McCarthy, he was elected as his successor. Resigning 
after two years he was presented by the members with his portrait, 
accompanied by an address and testimonial. Some years before his 
death, having resigned the presidentship of the Sodality of the Holy 
Name, his fellow-labourers likewise gave him a beautifully illuminated 
address, dated March 1889, and signed on behalf of the Sodality by 
James A. Dwyer, O.P., spiritual director ; Patrick Hegarty, vice-presi- 
dent ; James O'Sullivan, secretary. It concluded with these words : — 
" While we deeply regret that your resignation of office as president is 
unavoidable, we trust and pray that God will spare you many years of 
restored health still to edify us, and still to be — 

' Like the oak by the the fountain in sunshine and storm, 
Like the rock on the mountain unchanging in form, 
Like the course of our river through ages the same, 
Like the dew rising ever to heaven whence it came.'" 

Mr. Bresnan died at his residence, Patrick's Hill, on the 1st May, 1893. 
R.I. P. 

A circular letter was received by the Prior of St. Mary's on the 16th 
September of this year, relative to the death and glorious career of 
Cardinal Zigliara, O.P., who died in Rome on the 10th May previous. 
Having been elevated to the purple, he was appointed by Leo XIII. 
prefect of a committee^' 3 * of Dominican fathers, to whom was entrusted 
the revision of the works of St. Thomas, and before his death had the 
pleasure of seeing published many volumes of the new edition, which by 
desire of his Holiness is now entirely under the control of the Dominican 

In 1894 the community of St. Mary's lost one of their young priests, 
the Rev. A. M. McGowan, who died in the prime of life, being only 
twenty-eight years old. He had laboured in the city somewhat more 
than three years, and was remarkable for wonderful zeal both in pulpit 

(*3) One member of this committee (Very Rev. James Littleton) is an Irishman. 


and confessional. At his death, which took place on the 20th March, he 
left many sincere friends to mourn his loss. 

He was born in Carlingford, county Louth, under the shadow of an 
ancient Dominican convent, which very probably was the means of 
directing the course of his after life. With reason do we apply to him 
the words of Holy Writ : " Being made perfect in a short space, 
he fulfilled a long time." — Wisdom, chap. iv. His remains lie in the 
cemetery attached to the church. 

Four months had scarcely passed when the Rev. Gabriel Moore, O.P., (l4) 
was called to his reward. He was a young priest of great promise, being 
highly cultivated, and conspicuous for sterling virtue and goodness of 
heart. Having completed his studies at San Clemente, Rome, he was 
about leaving for Ireland when he was suddenly taken ill, and departed 
this life on the 25th July, 1894, not having been yet three years ordained. 

The Bishop of Cloyne, Most Rev. Dr. Browne, visited Youghal a 
short time after his consecration, and received a number of addresses 
from various bodies in the town. Amongst them was one from the 
Presentation Convent Schools. In his answer the Bishop alluded to 
the Franciscan and Dominican houses which had formerly existed in 
Youghal, and in reference to the latter expressed himself thus : — " There 
was another monastery in this great old town — a Dominican monastery — 
also amongst the earliest foundations of the great Dominican Order in 
Ireland, and in that monastery was a famous statue of Our Lady of 
Graces. (l5) May I not conclude that it is that Mother of Graciousness 
who has watched over this great old Catholic town, and that it is owing 
to her intercession with our Divine Lord that the faith has been pre- 
served through every phase of difficulty and trial, so that now it has 
come to our lot to see once again in this town a display of Catholicity, 
such as must give comfort to the heart of a bishop." 

The consecration of the new side altars in the church, Pope's Quay, 
took place on the 5th February, 1895, during the celebration of a solemn 
Triduum, which opened the previous Sunday. The altar of St. Dominic 
was consecrated by Dr. Browne, whilst the Bishop of Cork performed 
a like ceremony at that of the Rosary, over which was placed the 
miraculous statue of our Lady of Graces. An overflowing congrega- 
tion attended each evening of the Triduum, and truly eloquent sermons 
were preached by the Venerable Archdeacon Coughlan, Blackrock ; 

(m) He was the brother of the present prior of St. Mary's, the Very Rev. J. M. Moore. 

(15) The Catholic Fireside of the 2nd December, 1893, contained a romantic narrative 
of this statue, and the present writer, fearing the public might accept it as authentic, 
thought it advisable to publish what has always been considered its true history. This 
account appeared on the same paper of the 16th December, and subsequently at greater 
length in the April number of the Journal, 1894. 


Rev. Lewis Butler, O.P., of Dublin, and Very Rev. Canon Keller, P.P., 
Youghal. On the third day high mass was celebrated in presence of 
his lordship, Dr. O'Callaghan, by the Very Rev. Father Moore, prior of 
St. Mary's. 


It is with pleasure I have brought to a close the " Historical 
Account " of the Cork Dominicans. We have seen what they have 
achieved since their arrival in the city in 1229, and how devoted and 
faithful they have ever been to the call of duty, even at a time when, if 
captured, it meant imprisonment or death. Never for over six hundred 
and sixty years has their succession amongst the people of Cork been 
interrupted, notwithstanding the persecutions to which they were sub- 
jected. But how is this fidelity to duty and this marvellous steadfastness 
of purpose to be explained ? Simply by that bond of brotherhood 
established by means of that golden chain, the precious links of which 
consist of their three vows, made to God and His representatives. These 
promises imposed on them no galling shackles, but rather a light yoke, 
which freed those who bore it from all worldly ties, and formed them 
into a solid phalanx, ever ready to do battle with the enemies of religion 
and humanity. It is true, their weapons, though honourable, did not 
always meet with the world's approval. To this, however, they were 
quite indifferent, for their principles were not of the world, but of Christ 
their Master, who, they did well to remember, was always looked upon 
as a sign to be contradicted. Every friar preacher meanwhile might 
with good reason have appropriated to himself that beautiful motto of 
Cardinal Newman, Cor ad cor loquitur — " Heart speaks to heart " — for 
he had in view the same objects and professed the same obligations as 
his brethren. lie therefore well understood the aspirations of these 
whose sole ambition was to have but " one soul and one heart," 
according to the rule which they had vowed to follow. They were also 
men of intellect and extensive knowledge, aiming only at " Truth," the 
standard of their Order; and recognizing that "Knowledge is power," 
they persevered in the undertakings they attempted, and boldly faced 
the attendant dangers and difficulties, fully conscious that truth would 
in the end prevail. 

We must likewise remember their strong and undying attachment to 
the Irish people, whose prospects, temporal and spiritual, they had at 
heart, neither turning to right or left when the welfare of Ireland's sons 
or daughters was threatened — endangering life itself in their efforts to 
save them from national degradation or hopeless despair. No wonder, 
then, that well-informed Protestants should defend them in their untiring 



exertions for Faith and Fatherland — the two objects with them upper- 
most, whether in distant lands or on their native soil. 

Whilst, then, religious orders are now-a-days regarded by some with 
contempt and distrust, might they not at least be allowed to enjoy that 
liberty of conscience which is the universal claim of this nineteenth 
century? Should they commit a crime against society, let them, like 
others, be punished rigorously. But when they are despoiled of liberty 
and deemed unworthy to live amongst their own people, simply because 
they profess to observe what is clearly prescribed in the Gospel as the 
more perfect state, can lovers of justice and fair play blame the regular 
clergy for complaining that they are treated in an exceptionally harsh 
manner in being excluded from the benefits conferred on their fellow- 
Catholics by the Emancipation Act of 1829? The regulars are still 
inscribed on the Statute Book as outlaws and felons. Are those oppro- 
brious epithets never to be erased ? Must they remain as a stigma 
against a nation that more than any other in the world makes profession 
of liberty and justice? Why should England, whose flag is thrown as a 
shield of protection over those subject to her sway, and whose cherished 
motto is Fiat Justitia, permit such a stain to disfigure her laws ? Were 
this act of justice generously and speedily accorded, a new era of 
religious freedom would dawn for Catholics, and they, with their priests, 
regular as well as secular, could in future serve God without fear of 
molestation or interference from those who do not profess their faith or 
understand their cherished traditions. 

)\ Chapter on posies. 

ROBERT DAY, F.S.A., President. 

HE custom of wearing finger rings, whether as mere 
ornaments or as a vehicle for carrying the seal signet, 
which among the ancients was of the greatest signifi- 
cance and importance, is of very high antiquity. In 
Egypt, as in Ireland, the earliest money in circulation 
was in the form of gold rings, and one such was placed 
by the Egyptian upon his bride's finger, as a symbol 
of endowing her with all his worldly goods. But it is not of such that 
this paper will treat. It will bring us down to the sixteenth century, 
when the Tudors reigned and wielded the sceptre with strong and iron 
hands ; when William Shakespeare wrote such lines as these : — 


" You are full of pretty answers. 
Have you not been acquainted with goldsmiths' wives, 
And conned them out of rings ? " (') 

alluding to the prevailing fashion of placing a motto in the betrothal, 
the wedding, the gift, the memorial, and other rings ; and again, where 
Hamlet asks, "Is this a prologue, or the posy of a ring?" or in the 
" Merchant of Venice," where Gratiano and Nerissa quarrel 

" About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring 
That she did give me, whose poesy was 
For all the world like cutler's poetry 
Upon a knife — Love me and leave me not!' 

The word posy is simply an abbreviated form of poesy, and originally 
meant verses that were presented with a bunch of flowers, and thus the 
term came to be applied to the flowers themselves. It is probable that 
these bouquets were often made to convey one of these rhyming mottoes, 
each flower having its own individual meaning, as expressed in " the 
language of flowers." Spenser tells us of bridegroom's poesies, and 
Sir John Evans, K.Gi;., in his lecture on " Rings," (2) quotes an early 
author who has demonstrated the close affinity between marriage and 
hanging, as in each ceremony the victim provides a great nosegay, and 
shakes hands all round. He also quotes from Hall's CJironicle, written 
early in the sixteenth century, where the word posy and motto convey 
the same meaning — " The tente was replenyshed, and decked with this 
posie : ' After busy labor cometh victorious rest.'" Nicholas Udall, the 
master at Eton, makes frequent use of the word, and mentions a title 
being " set up as a paysee or a worde of good lucke, that no misadven- 
ture might light on the house " that bore it. This will recall the motto 
upon the old house in Chester, " God's Providence is our inheritance," 
which is also the family motto of the earls of Cork. 

In 1674 a small volume was published in London, which has been 
reprinted with additional notes, in the Sette of Odd Volumes, by 
Mr. James Robert Brown, a past president of that society, and has upon 
its title page in black letter — " Love's Garland, or Posies for Rings, 
Hand-kerchers, and Gloves, and such pretty tokens as Lovers send their 
Loves." Among these are posies sent with bracelets, girdles and scarves, 
and one that was sent " pinned to the orange tawny top of a very fair 
pair of gloves of sixpence." The gloves and girdles, scarves and kerchers 
are long since gone, with the love and loving mottoes they bore ; but 
the rings and bodkins, the enamelled and silver boxes — thanks to the 

(>)" As You Like It," act hi., scene 2. 

( 2 ) Posy Rings. Longmans: London. 1S92. 


more durable materials of which they are made — have been preserved 

and continue with us to illustrate these charming old customs which 

will, in the turn of Fashion's wheel, again come out of the buried past, 

and sooner or later re-live their life again, if not in the quaint and pure 

old Saxon of the sixteenth, in the more extended and voluminous 

English of the nineteenth or twentieth century. 

The great majority of posy rings are remarkable for their purity of 

thought and refinement of expression and feeling. Some convey forms 

of sentences now quite obsolete. One such occurs upon a ring from 

Devonshire : — 

" As you yous me, you shall finde me "; 

which is illustrated in an interesting way by a letter of Sir Walter 
Raleigh's, dated July 26, 1584, where the passage occurs, "If you shall 
at any time have occasion to use me you shall finde me." The peculiarity 
of the spelling may possibly have arisen from the dialect of the district, 
which gives the phonetic character to the word use, spelled " yous ;" ^ 
but apart altogether from this, the letter and the ring have preserved a 
form of expression that was common when Raleigh lived, but is now 
forgotten and gone out of use. 

So far back as April, 1883, I contributed a list of the posy rings in 
my collection to the Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological 
Association of Ireland, vol. vi., fourth series, No. 54. This was followed 
in January, 1886, and supplemented in April, 1892. Since then I have 
added a few more to their number, and it has been suggested to me 
that a full and continuous list would prove of interest, with some of the 
numerous examples outside my own cabinet. A few years ago I had 
the privilege of seeing a collection that had been formed by Mr. J. W. 
Singer, of Frome, Somerset, numbering more than four hundred. These 
have since been purchased by Sir John Evans, and added to his already 
large collection, making it now the fullest and most complete in the 
kingdom. Before parting with these, Mr. Singer made a very complete 
and most carefully-compiled manuscript catalogue of the posies, adding 
the makers' marks in fac simile, which he most kindly placed at my 
disposal. This has enabled me to arrange the mottoes in alphabetical 
order, copying all except those that are duplicated. Some occur so 
often, and I have met with so many of the same from time to time, that 
they must have been made up by goldsmiths as stock rings for their 
customers. Among these are : — 

(3) I remember the late Earl of Kingston telling me of an agent that his father had, 
who succeeded in spelling the word usage without putting a single letter belonging to 
the word into it ! How did he do it ? By commencing at the end and finishing off at 
the beginning of the alphabet, thus, wyzitch. 


" In Christ and thee my comfort be." 

" Providence Divine hath made thee mine." 

" God above increase our love," etc., etc. 

I have alluded to the custom of placing posies on bodkins, boxes, 
etc., etc. To illustrate this, I recently purchased in Dublin three 
curious silver bodkins, upon one of which is engraved the posy, " Keep 
vertue ever. 1661." A Battersea enamel box has the motto, " The gift 
is small, but love is all " ; and a silver gilt oval box, with a tortoise-shell 
cover, in which is set a silver medallion of King Charles I., surrounded 
with the star and garter, and within another box of silver, heart-shaped, 
engraved on both sides with a heart pierced by two arrows, a naked 
sword, a winged heart, and the posy — 

" I live and die 
In Loyaltie "; 

and again inside the heart-shaped receptacle is a little portraiture of the 
martyred king in chased silver, having all the character of Roettier's 

There was an old-time custom of giving a gold ring to the reigning 
monarch by serjeants-at-law upon their creation, and each serjeant was 
bound also to give a ring to each of his brother Serjeants. They were 
not so massive as the royal rings, which in the lapse of centuries so 
accumulated that at Windsor candlesticks are preserved which are made 
of them placed one above the other. The practice of giving rings to the 
Crown was continued until 1873, when the office of serjeant-at-law was 
abolished. The posies upon these were usually in Latin, rarely in 
English. In 1485 it is recorded that Sir John Fineux used the inscrip- 
tion, " Sua? quisque fortunaj faber." Later, in Elizabeth's reign, the 
motto was " LEX REGIS PRESIDIUM." Sir John Evans has in his 
collection a ring of the time of Henry VIII., reading " Vivat Rex et lex," 
and I possess two that are both in English. One has — 

* Honor . God . in . everi . plase . 
The other — 

■fc FEAR . AND . LOVE . GOD. 

Serjeants' rings differ from the ordinary posy ring, as the motto is 
always upon the outside surface, upon a flat sunk band of gold, having a 
moulding above and below, which protects the motto from being worn. 

The following list of posies on rings is taken from the collections of 
Sir John Evans and Sir A. Wollaston Franks. Those in my own pos- 
session are marked with an asterisk. The reader, if so disposed, can cull 
from their variety of character and sentiment those that were sent as 
love tokens, or used as betrothal or wedding rings ; as rings given upon 



St. Valentine's Day, and as those which were given at funerals, or were 
used as memorials of the dead. The following, of silver, have posies 
which as a rule are extremely short and simple. These are followed by 
three of brass, and the remainder are in gold, varying in weight from 
I dvvt. to half an ounce. The very heavy rings were possibly bequests. 

A kis for this. 
*. Be . True . in . hart . 

Continue constant. 

Death parts united harts. 

Fear God and love me. 

Feare God love me. 

God above increace our love. 

Hearts content cannot repent. 

I chuse not to change. 

Let Love increafe. 
*Love and feare God C. C. 

God above increase our love. 
X Honour God in Love. 


There is none to me, like Christ and thee. 

You never knew a ^ more true. 
* Feare the Lord. 
*Fear God alhvayes. 
*Fear God onely. 
*Fear God and live. 
# A friend to the end. 
*Love God only. D.F. 
*Love God above all. 
*Love the Giver. 
*On for ever. 


Live in Love. 


*Accept my good will. 

*A true friends gift. I.S. 
(4) *As loue hath joyn'd our harts together) 
fo none but death our harts fhall sever/ 
As I expect so let me find ^ 

A faithfull ff & constant mind. / 

As I on thee haue made my choyce D ^ 
So in the Lord let us rejoyce 1637 waJ 
As God hath joyned us togather ^ 

Let us live in love & serve him ever. J 
As I expect fo let me find ) 

A faithful heart a constant mind. J 
He honour him in louing thee. J 

As God hath made & chose for me \ 
He honor God in loving the. J 

All I refuse thee I chuse. 
A virtuous wife (p)referueth life. 
A loving wife prolongeth life. 
As God decreed soe we agreed. 
As true to thee as death to mee. 

*A loving wife a happy life EC. 
As true to love a turtle dove. 

A vertuous wife preserveth life. 

All that I desire of the is to fear God 
and loue me. 

As God decreed soe we agreede 1620. 

A friende to thee, He ever be P.S. 

Always affect what gets respect. 

Accept my good will. 

A token of good will. 

A frinds gift. 

A token of love. 
*A vartous wife prolongeth life. 

All perfect loue is from aboue. 

A virtous wife a happy life H H S 
*A merry heart puts by all smart. 
*As God appointed, I am contented. 
*As you youse me you shall finde me. 
*As I proue I wish your love. 
*A faithful wife to the joy of E W. 
*As God hath appointed I am contented. 

Be . faithful . and louing. 

By Gods decree one we be. 

BE . TRVE . TO . THE . END. 

By Gods decree one wee bee. 
Be kind to me. I will to the. 

(4) The mottoes between brackets occur in two lines, and are much more rare than 
the single-line posies. 



Be constant you for I am trew. 

Be true in hart tell death depart. 

By Gods decree we both agree M -& M. 

Be kinde in harte. 
*Be true in heart. 

Constant ile be my dear to thee. 
*Conseal consent . confirm content. 

Continue constant. 
•Content is a treasure. 

Content supplyes all want. 

Content suplies all wants. 

Continve in Loue. 

Content is the truest riches. 

Christ & thee are all to mee. 

Christ for me hath chosen thee. 
*Condemn Him not bvt bye Hm in \ 

For kindnes that before hath bin. J 
*Direct . our . waies . Lord . all . our . 
daye 1521. 

De nos ff ^ le deser sac'nplise. 

Direct our wayes lord all our dayes. 
'Endless is my Love as this. 


Ever true my Dear to you. 

Fear the Lord and rest content ^ 

So shall we live & not repent bw 1730J 

FEARE * God E F M. 
•* FEAR . GOD . EVER. 

*Fear God love me. 

From thee my Love shall nere remove. 

From Him thats far remote. 
*God grant we may be such a pair, as 

Isaak and Rebeka ware. 
*God knit this knot unty it not. 
*God above send peace and love. 
*Godly love will not remove. 
*Gods blessing be with me and thee. 

God all one of two makes one. 

God did forefee whats best for me. 

God hath sent my M content. 

# Geve . God . the . prayse * 
God unite our harts ante. 

Gods blessing be on thee and me. 

* Godlynes . is . great . riches . 
*God for me apointed thee. 

*God did decree our unity. 

*God aboue increafe our loue 1655. 

Godly love will not remove. 

God hath sent my heartes content. 

God alone made us two one. 

God did decree that it should be. 
*God above keep us in love R.T. 1724. 

Godly love will not remove. 

God doth forsee whats best for me. 
*Gods decree fulfiled have we. 

Gods blessing be on y & me. 

God above send us love. 

God above send peace & love. 

God alone of two made one. 

God above joyne our love. 
*Gods providence is our inheritance. 

God bless K. Wm, & Q. Mary. 

God decreed and we agreed. 

God bee our guide. 

God of peace our love increafe. 

Godly love will not remove. 

God the Father brought us together. 

God above joyne us in love. 

God be my defender. 
*God continue our faithful love. 
*God for ever bless us together. 
*God and thee, my comfort be. 

Gods secret purpose and decree, is 

manifest in chusing thee. 
*God hath me sent my harts content. 

Gods directions joyned our affections. 
*God hath sent my ^ content. 
*God alone made us two one. 
*God of peace true love increase. 
*God I pray our happinesse injoy. 
*God increafe fayth, love and peace. 
^Hearts united live contented. 
"Hearts . content . cannot . repent . 
*Honoured for thy virtues. 
*Happy in thee hath God made me I. A. 

Honored for thy virtue. 

Heavens bless with happyness. 
* Honor . God . in . everi . place. 

I restless live yet hope to see \ 

That day of Christ, and then see thee. J- 
L.P. 1656. J 

Ile constant prove to the my love. 

I lick [like] I loue I line content L ^ 

I made my chois not to repent, R.A. I 
•In constancie Ile live and dye. 

In God aboue and Christ his foune \ 

We too are joyned both in one. J 

I like my choise. 

* In . God . is . my . trost * * 

In trust be juste. 



*In thee my choyce I do rejoyce. 

I love and like my choice. 

I ffancy noe but thee alone. 
*In Christ and thee, my comfort be. 

% E . %& . IdDtB^cS. &.§>. 
*ln God and thee my joy shall be. 

Joyned in one by God alone. 

■*■ I joy to find a constant mind. 
*I have obtain'd whorae God ordained. 

I gave it thee my love to be. 

In thy sight is my delight. 
*In God and thee all comfort be. 

Joyned in one by Christ alone. 

I have obtain'd as God ordain'd. 

I do rejoyce in thee My choyce. 

Jaime mon Choix. 
*I love and like my choice. 

In Christ alone we two are one. 
*I cannot show the love I owe. 
*In Love abide till death devide. 
*In unity lets live & die. 

I am your lott refuse me not. 

In thee I find content of mind. 

I bed adue to all but you. 

In hart loue mee. 

In thy brest my heart doth rest. 

\^4 In . God . is . my. trust ONLY. 

I like my choyfe to wel to chainge. 

ffa If this then me. LP. 
*In thy brest my heart shall rest. 

I chuce not to chainge. 
*If God say so, Whodares say no. 
*If live if I. If no I dye. 
*I long to be made one with thee. 
*I wish to thee, as to myself. 
*If not, how then. 

Keepe faith till death. 

Knitt in one by God alone. 

Knotts of love are knitt above. 

*Love fixt on vertu lasteth. 

*Let us live in Love & sarve the Lord 

*Love is the thing I wish to winne. 

*Let God be our guide. 


*Lett vertue be thy guide. 

Let Reason rule affection. 

Let us contest which shall loue best. 

Let vertue be a guide to thee. 

Let us fear God and live in love. 

Live love & be happy. 
*Love is the bond of peace. 

Let me with thee stil happy be. 

Live in love like faints above. 

Let reason rule affection. 

Love & Live happy. 

Love as I or else I dye. 

Let virtue still direct th will. 

Let us share in joy and care. 

Love me ever or Love me never. 

Let vertue rest within thy breast. 

Let's fix our love on God above. 

Let your life shew your love. 

Let our contest bee who loves best. 
*Lett Love abide till death devide. 
*Love intire is my desire. 

Lett death leade love to rest. 

Love is the bond of peace. 
*Love for Love. 

Love may make fadd, shall never mak 
me madd. 
(5) Love my memory. 
"Love unites deth parts n mr 1769. 

Love merits all things. 
*Love as I, or else I die. 

Love alone made us two one. 

Lord lincke our harts in lasting Love 
*Love never dyes where vertue lyes. 

Let mee in thee most happy bee. 

Live in love and feare the Lord. 

Let us in love ferve God above. 

Love and feare God. 
*Let love and peace as dayes increase. 
*Loves delight is to unite. 


My love is fixed, I will not range, 
I like my choice too well to change. 
My Heart I bind where faith I find. 


My . M you . have . & yours . I . cravi 

(5) It will interest the lovers of the gentle art to know that Izaak Walton, in a 
codicil to his will dated 1683, bequeathed about forty rings, the value of which was to 
be 13s. 4d. each, and on those given to his family the mottoes were to be, " Love my 
memory. I.W. obiit," and on one for the bishop of Winchester, "A mite for a 
million. I.W.," and on the others, " A friend's farewell. I.W. obiit." 



*My promise past shall ever last. 

M My happy choyce makes meerejoyce 

My $0 lives where it loves. 

My giving this begins my bliss. 
•My love to thee shall endles be. 

My love is true to none but you. 

May Christ and we united be. 
*My Love and I till death divide. 
*My Heart is fixt I will not range, ^ 

I like my choice too well to change. J 
*Not That in me but bowes to thee. 


No lack where love is. 

None to me so dear as thee. 

No love more true than mine to you. 

No treasure to a true friend. 

No choice to me like Christ and thee. 

Not the valew but my love. 
*No riches like content. 

None to me I love like thee. 
•None can prevent the Lords intent. 
*Noe recompence but love. 


Never to change. 
*No Frinde to Faith. 
*Not Lost but gone before. 

Not a truer heart alive. 

. Onlie'. Honistie. 

O Lord direct us and protect us. 

Our Loyal Love was made above. 

Ora Pro Nobis „?, 

►^ Once myne and ever thine. 

Patience is a noble vertue. 
•Providence divine hath made thee mine. 

Peace exceeds gold. 
•Qui Dedit de Debit. 
•Rather die than faith denny. 
*Remember y giver. 

Remember me when this you see. 

Rather dye than faith denny. 
•Such likeing in my love I hnde 1 

That none but death shall change my 

Since God hath thee for me create ^ 

Nothing but death shall seperate. | 

Such liking in my choice I have ~| 

Nothing shall part us but the grave. I 
*Time will trye realyty. 

To Gods decree wee boath Agree. 

This take for my sake. 


Thee love will I until I die. 

The Lord us bless w th good success. 

To love and peace God gives increase. 

True love is endless. 

This & the giver is thine for ever. 

'Tis thy desert hath woone my heart. 

Tho the world hath strived to part \ 

Yet God hath joyned us hand & heart. J 


True lovers hearts death only parts. 

Tho little accept it. 

True love made us one. 

The God of peace true love increase. 
"To thee I wish eternal bliss. 

►•^ Two Soules one hart, till, death 

*The Love is true that I O U. 
*True till death. 
*The just shall live for ever. 
*Thy Vertu is thy honour. 
*Twas God to thee directed me. 
*The yock of Love is swieth. (The yoke 

of love is sweet.) 
*The Gift is small but Love is all. 
^United ^ ^P death only parts. 

Virtue is thy honour. 
"Virtue and love is from above. 

Vertue gainth glory. 

Virtue in thee a crown to me. 

Who feares the Lord are blest wee see 1 

Such thou and I God grant may bee. | 
*Wit wealth & beauty all do well ) 

But constant love doth far excell. I 

Win gold and wear it a 1 . 

We two make one by God alone. 

When this you se remember me. 

We are joyned in one by God alone. 

Wheare heartes agree no strif can be. 

Where Hearts agree there God will be. 

We will shear in joy and care. 

Where hearts agree love will bee. 

Whom God ordain*d I have obtain'd. 

Whats Gods intent none can prevent. 

What God ordain'dcan't be refrain'd. A.S. 

When ^ ^s unite the love is right. 

'When this you see think well of me. 

We are one through God alone. 


*Yours in heart. You and I will lovers die. 

*Yours if you may. * # You . have . my hart. 

Yours am I assuredly. 

These three hundred and fifty examples are only a few of the many 
that are recorded. Here is a well-known posy that has been attributed 
to Lady Cathcart, who on marrying her fourth husband, Hugh Maguire, 
in 17 1 3, used these hopeful lines on her wedding ring : — 

" If I survive, 
I will have five." 

Bishop Coke had a hand, a heart, a mitre and a death's head 
engraved on his wedding ring, with the posy : — 

" These three I give to thee 
Till the fourth set me free." 

English literature of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries abound 
with references and allusions to these most interesting rings. To quote 
from Herrick : — 

And again- 

" What posies for our wedding rings, 
What gloves we'll give, and ribbonings.'' (6) 

" Julia, I bring to thee this ring, 
Made for thy finger fit, 
To shew by this that our love is, 
Or should be, like to it. 

Close though it be, the joint is free, 

So when Love's yoke is on, 
It must not gall, or fret at all 

With hard oppression ; 

But it must play still either way, 

And be, too, such a yoke 
As not too wide to overslide, 

Or be so strait to choke. 

So we who bear this beam must rear 

Ourselves to such a height 
As that the stay of either may 

Create the burthen light. 

And as this round is nowhere found 

To flaw, or else to sever, 
So let our love as endless prove, 

And pure as gold for ever." (7) 

( 6 ) Hesperides. 
(7)A??iato?y Odes, lxxxvi. 


Here are some pious lines by George Herbert in a poem called 

" The Posy "— 

" Let wits contest, 
And with their words and posies windows fill, 

Less than the least 
Of all Thy mercies is my posy still. 

This on my ring, 
This by my picture, in my book I write ; 

Whether I sing, 
Or say, or dictate, this is my delight. 

Invention rest ; 
Comparisons go play ; wit use thy will ; 

Less than the least 
Of all God's mercies is my posy still." 

Here is a posy that has a most un-English motto, and may in the 
good old times have been imported from our West Indian possessions, 
although something like it is found in the " Song of Solomon " : — (s) 

" I am blacke but comely.'' 

And here again is another of the most contradictor}' character, for how 
anyone could follow the latter clause of the posy and obey its first 
precept is a problem hard to solve : — 

" Feare God, and lye abed till noone." 

In bringing this rhyming record to a close, I hope our unmarried 
lady readers will each and all determine that when their wedding da)' 
comes, the ring will bear a posy on its inner surface, with the initials 
and the date of marriage. By doing so the ring will not only be here- 
after in itself a record of extreme family interest, but will also, from 
the character of the posy upon it, reflect the mind and thought of the 
wearer. What could be a more appropriate and beautiful wedding 

benison than 

" God be a guide to thee, my Bride." 

The custom has been revived in my own family, and one ring has 

upon it : — 

" Direct our ways Lord, all our days." 

Another, while it has no posy, has the initials and date of marriage of 
in}- paternal ancestress : — 

" L. A. R. Lucy Ann Rouviere Feb. 20, 1722.' 

(8) Chap, i., verse 5. 



This ring but for its inscription would long since have been either given 
away or melted down. The posy and the inscription give the ring not 
merely an additional charm, but tend to its preservation long after the 
wearer has passed away, and her memory would only remain, to be 
possibly remembered in another posy, copied from a girdle : — 

" My joy, my grief, my hope, my Love, 
Did all within this circle move." 

ground Cork with per\ and pencil. 


HE crusades which for so long absorbed and destroyed 

the flower of the world's chivalry, and, costing so 

much, gave so little in exchange, survive in one of the 

least of their results. When the armed representatives 

of Europe met to give battle to the swart Paynim, and 

to rescue the sepulchre of Christ from the unbeliever, 

it became a matter of impossibility to distinguish one 

knight or officer from another, covered as they all were cap-a-pie in 

" complete steel." Hence arose the necessity for adopting some external 

symbol or emblem by which individual identity could be ascertained. 

The shield, being the most obvious of the knight's accoutrements, was 

the place necessarily chosen. Then, when the western combatants had 

finally withdrawn from the arena of war, the families of the heroes, proud 

of their exploits, preserved as their own the symbol or emblem by which 

their warrior ancestors were distinguished. Thus pride continued what 

necessity had originated ; and luxury, in the course of ages, developed 

into the science of heraldry. Hence also the quaint and, to the uninitiated, 

bewildering terminology, in which the latter loves to express itself. The 

bars, crosses, lozenges, crescent, increscent and decrescent moons ; the roses 

and trefoils, and the figures borrowed from the animal world, with 

illumination of or, azure, argent, and so forth, however hieroglyphic to 

most eyes, are yet to him who knows as intelligible and voluble as his 

mother tongue. And to such, the complaint of Laertes, when storming 

over the death of poor old Polonius, is by no means unreasonable. They 

had placed 

" No hatchment o'er his bones !"'(*) 

(') " Hamlet," act vii , scene 4. Pope's edition. 


As an aspirant to the sacerdotal order passes through regular grada- 
tions of sub-deacon and deacon before he becomes a priest, so in ages 
when the profession of arms and the Church divided the business of men, 
the life of a gentleman consisted of three periods. He was first valletus, 
one who had not yet put on the arms of a soldier ; secondly, scutifer, a 
shield bearer, or one who accompanied a knight ; thirdly, armigcr, one 
who bore arms. 

The age of chivalry is gone, but "like the peak of a submerged 
world," its ghost, painted and varnished, looks upon us from the panels 
of our carriage doors ! 

The armorial stone here reproduced illustrates very interestingly and 
locally what we have alluded to. The little almshouse in Blarney Street 
was endowed, Smith informs us, by " Mr. Jonas Morice for the poor of 
the people called Quakers." He cannot have visited the place, for his 


statement is incorrect in almost every particular. A square limestone 
slab inserted over the doorway has the following inscription : — 

"This almshouse was erected for mostly poor aged Protestants, and endowed by 
Abraham Morris in the year 1721." 

The stone, which gives the arms of the founder of the charity, and 
seems to have escaped notice for a considerable period, is built into the 
wall behind the hall door, and is so encrusted with whitewash and dirt 
that some of the details can be only guessed at, whilst the motto is 
entirely filled up and undecipherable. It measures forty-four inches by 
thirty-four inches, and is a beautiful piece of sculpture. One would wish 
to see it rescued from its present position and placed in the School of 
Art, an attention which it well deserves, since it is not only historically 
but artistically interesting. 

The arms for Morris, according to Burke, are " Sable, a saltire 
engrailed argent" This would agree with the coat, but he does not 
include the cross in the fess point of the shield. 

It is impossible to determine the impalement of a cockatrice, as the 
tinctures and metal of the shield have been obliterated. The families of 
Drake, Langley, Eye, Oussethorpe, Dalton, etc., all bear a cockatrice. 

Abraham Morris was probably a relative of 
the merchant who issued one of the earliest 
known Cork tokens, and who was mayor of 
Cork in 1659. The latter is given in Lindsay's 
Coinage of Ireland, and is very small, being 
five-eighths of an inch in diameter. On the obverse are the Cork arms ; 
on the reverse, around the margin, "Jonas Morris, of Cork"; and in the 
centre in a ring the initials " I. M." over the date 1657. The print here 
given is from one of these tokens in possession of the writer. 

J. P. D. 



5ome ^ishops of Cloyne. 

By Very Rev. HORACE T. FLEMING, D.D., Dean of Cloyxe. 

EMPORA MUTAXTUR" is what might be inscribed 
over many places, but some more than others ; those 
most which were once famous and whose fame has 
declined, and probably those most of all where wealth 
once existed which has since disappeared. Of such 
places are the scenes of former ecclesiastical wealth, 
such as the old monasteries and abbeys, and later, 
the sites of some of the former bishops' palaces, now converted to other 

Of the latter class the town of Cloyne is one ; it was the seat of an 
ancient and famous and lucrative See, but its episcopal lands have been 
alienated, and only a small portion remains of its ancient episcopal 
palace. The bounds of the old bishops' lands are still to be traced — the 
commons lands near the town, the demesne land round the former 
episcopal residence, and some outlying portions now occupied by neigh- 
bouring farmers. 

The commons consist of a large level tract of land, now fenced in and 
fielded, and yearly improving in condition. It was probably once a lake, 
then a bog ; and in the old leases and records there are accounts of its 
being the turbary of the town, and of so many kyshes of turf being 
allowed to each householder — each kysh, seventy-two turf sods — or 
assigned as a tribute from such persons to the bishop of the day. When 
it ceased to produce turf it was granted by the bishops of the time as a 
commons, and was probably a great convenience and accommodation to 
many a poor town family as a place where they might pasture sheep or 
donkeys, or allow their " noisy geese to gabble o'er the pool." 

The bishops of the day were the lords paramount of the place, the 
more so as the government had but very defective arrangements made 
for law and police, and the bishops had inherited by law and custom 
various rights and privileges. The old ecclesiastical court, not so long 
since closed, was probably the original fount of local justice, which 
gradually gave way to the more elaborate arrangements of the civil power. 
The bishops had also the tolls of the town, no inconsiderable heritage 
at one time ; and not vet')- long before the See house was vacated by its 
last bishop these tolls were granted by the bishop of the day to the town, 
for the benefit of the poor. I have seen a copy of the grant. 


The bishops also took care of the sanitation of the town — probably- 
very primitive ideas prevailed on this subject then, but records remain to 
show that they looked after the dwellings of the inhabitants of the place. 
These dwellings were very poor even to a late date ; there were those 
recently deceased who told of the ranges of thatched one-story houses 
where tall and substantial buildings now stand. 

The income of the See of Cloyne at one time, owing to illegal aliena- 
tion of its lands, was so small that it was called in derision " The See of 
five marks " ; but in later times some of the bishops, especially Bishops 
Synge, Poole, and Crow, recovered the alienated possessions, and it 
became a lucrative and important See. The tithes were paid in great 
degree in kind — the tenth of the cattle, or the sheaves of the crops — and 
there is still standing the remains of the bishop's barn, where his corn- 
tithes were stored, and where, as I have heard from one who had seen it, 
the flail never ceased to fling, winter or summer, to reduce the stacks of 
wheat and oats and barley to a marketable condition. 

The bishops, as my informant told me (he is now dead), who had 
seen three in succession there, were most liberal in their donations to the 
people. Realizing probably that most of those who contributed to their 
wealth did not receive their religious ministrations, they thought it right 
of what they got to make a generous use ; and he said that when the 
bishop, as he described it, drove out, which he did every day at a certain 
hour when at home, as soon as the wooden gate was thrown open his 
carriage was surrounded by a large crowd of the poorer inhabitants of 
the town who came for largesse ; and they used not to be disappointed, 
for the bishop always had ready a fair share of five-penny bits which he 
distributed, or gave for distribution, among the poorer people. It was a 
simple, a rough and ready way of out-door relief when none other such 
existed ; probably not the best sort, but certainly better than none ; 
probably not more productive of poverty — if at all so — than our present 
system, and it may be more in accordance with the principles of charity 
than our legally imposed contributions — certainly more productive of 
gratitude. My poor informant, who had been compelled more than once 
to seek temporary shelter in the neighbouring workhouse, and whose 
relations or friends had been known to him to have been formerly the 
recipients of this episcopal largesse, used to contrast, almost bitterly, the 
two systems ; the workhouse he only regarded as a necessary evil, the 
other he spoke of as a blessed form of benefaction which he, for one, 
never forgot. 

" Ah, sir, those were the good times when the poor were not for- 
gotten." He used to speak of this one thing, which comes nearer to the 
heart of the poor, with enthusiasm — in the spirit of Edmond Burke 


lamenting the decadence of chivalry — as if nothing like this now existed, 
and that charity had departed from the earth. The liberality of the 
bishops, as he remembered it, also appeared in another form — in the 
large expenditure of their households. It would have been quite 
possible for any one of them to have drawn their large incomes and 
kept the proceeds for themselves and their descendants, but they none 
of them acted so. Liberal expenditure to the verge of prodigality was 
the rule of the times. The Stock Exchange either did not exist as now 
it does, or was very much neglected ; they probably spent yearly what 
they received, and they spent it where they received it — this also was 
what he dwelt upon. When asking him on what scale the expenditure 
was, how much was spent yearly in the town by the bishops of the day — 
" Ah, sir, the bishop's butler used to spend more in Cloyne in one year 
than any of the families of the gentry does now." It was a survival of 
the old ecclesiastical system, that if the church received much in offertory 
from the faithful she returned much in charity. 

The palace then was the centre of the refinement of the town and 
neighbourhood, at least at comparatively early times, and this refinement 
was from the palace reflected upon all its surroundings. It was probably 
Bishop Crow who planted the demesne with those stately trees, some of 
which still remain ; it must have been nobly wooded when they were in 
their prime. The bishops' lands were not only bounded along the roads ) 
but also traversed round the fields by wide ditches, which mostly still 
remain, not probably in all their original height or width ; and these 
ditches, six to eight feet in width, were planted with this timber on both 
sides ; and in the centre, all along their length by the roads and through 
the fields, there were made and kept gravelled walks, and along these, in 
summer time, the palace party used to appear, dressed in the rich and 
elaborate attire of those days. The whole town used to turn out to gaze 
on the gay scene, and give and receive words of mutual kindness and 
recognition. This the old man used to detail with great delight, being 
no doubt as usual a laudator temporis acii, but also as recalling some of 
the bright visions of his youth, which sadly contrasted with the sordid 
and squalid circumstances that marked his declining days. This also 
was a relic of olden time, when the lord and his lady used to show them- 
selves among their retinue before their old castles. While the remains 
of feudal glory still lingered around the houses of the great they shared 
their splendour, they gave back as they could what they had gotten, and 
as it was given so it was received. The grace of the act ma)- not have 
been acknowledged by word, but it was recognised in the heart, and the 
generosity of the act took away all possible feelings of jealousy. All 
could not be rich, but the reflection of riches was thus cast upon all, and 


the wealth of the one was regarded as the common property of everyone. 
They were all on an equality in an enjoyment derived from wealth in 
that way. 

The liberal arts, so to speak, were very much cultivated then. 
Dr. Caulfield remarks how the generous intellect of Bishop Berkeley 
introduced much social refinement. The old square tower that stands 
near Cloyne on the hill, in the midst of a clump of trees on the road to 
Castlemartyr, popularly attributed to Bishop Brinkley as a place for 
observing the midnight skies, was, as I have heard, built by Bishop 
Bennett for more social purposes — music and afternoon gatherings were 
held there. About and before this time tea had come much into vogue ; 
its use became general, and the price was not at the first prohibitive 
rate. Mr. Gillman, in his interesting paper on " Cronodymore," relates 
how a lady of that place built a tea tower, and probably this was for the 
same purpose. This was a time when such intellectual entertainments 
were not common in society. 

Of this Bishop Bennett, my informant, often spoke. He remembered 
his face and figure well. Bishop Bennett was a many of very consider- 
able learning, and his literary productions were also considerable. In 
order to obtain perfect security from interruption he had a somewhat 
peculiar arrangement made. On the rocky height overlooking the entry 
to the caves of Cloyne in the Bishop's grounds at the end of the grove, 
called "the rock shrubbery," leading from the palace garden to the 
caves, where the philosopher bishop loved to walk and meditate, 
Dr. Bennett had a reading room of wood. It was of the shape of a large 
hogshead, circular. It turned on a pivot of iron sunk in the rock, and 
according as the wind blew the occupant moved it round, so as to have 
complete shelter. Here he had books and paper and materials for 
writing. Probably it was only in summer months or fair weather that 
he resorted to it, but it was well known, and sometimes the urchins from 
the town used to come and turn the structure round until assailed from 
inside by the Bishop thus rudely interrupted. 

Bishop Brinkley also he spoke of — his liberality, and especially his 
love of the cultivation of flowers ; that the entire space at the south of 
the old palace facing the cathedral was one maze of flower beds, and 
in summer one blaze of blossom. 

" He had, sir, a head gardener, an under-gardener, and four men 
under them all the year round." Allowing for some pardonable exag- 
geration, the worthy bishop must have had a delightful, though costly, 
collection of flowers, and thus gave great employment in the town. 

With the decease of Bishop Brinkley the reign of the bishops of 
Cloyne ceased, and it had no inglorious ending. Probably no class of 


men more honourably filled their lot in life than those bishops of whom 
I have written these notes. 

Cloyne was always an ecclesiastical place. Her old pipe-roll connects 
it with the episcopacy of many ages ago. The " regiment of bishops," 
to use the phrase of Hooker, was in Cloyne in early times a very severe, 
if not despotic one, derived, however, not from Church laws alone, but 
rather from a grafting on such laws the rude customs of Irish life. The 
bishop then, being lord paramount, could take their sons and daughters, 
sequester their goods, and exercise a power apparently amounting to 
that of a master over slaves. Whether they did so or not is another 

In those early days the ideas of liberty were not far advanced, but in 
the latter times, and towards their close, their rule was one of generosity, 
and towards those whose religion was different from their own one of 
kindness and fatherly affection. 

Besides the benefits accruing to the town of Cloyne from the residence 
of the bishop himself were those of the clergy who were associated with 
him. The Vicar-General lived there. The visitations brought many 
clergy to the place once a year. The residence of the canons gave an 
additional element to the society of the town. 

All this has passed away now. Many years since the residentiary 
houses assigned to each of the prebendaries have been alienated. The 
" Dean's Garden " is still the name of a plot of ground in the centre of 
the town. The old palace has disappeared in a disastrous fire some 
years ago, and the old cathedral remains the sole memorial of those 
bygone days. 

jNfotes on the Council ]3ooK 0/ Clonalxjlty, 

Now in the possession of the Rev. J. 1 1 tone Townsend, D.D. 


At a court held for said burrough on St. Luke's day, being the iSth 
ClouehnakiUy of 0ctober ' 1 7 l 7, Mr. Richard Sweet, one of the free burgesses of the 
corporation, pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the Rt. 
HonWe Henry Lord Barron of Carleton, lord of the said burrough, was sworn suffrain 
of the said burrough, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the present 
suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Arnold Gookin, Richd. Cox, 

Robert Travers, William Hull. 

Ran. Warner. 


At the same court John Mead and Nicholas Bennett were sworn Serjeants. 
Richd. Sweet, Suffrain, Arnold Gookin. 

Robt. Travers. 

At the afforsaid court the customs of this corporation was set by Richard Sweet, esq r > 
suffrain, to Phillip Pyne for thirty-one pounds, to be pd. in three equal paymts, viz., 
the first of 9 ber > the 26th of March, and the 29th of 7 ber following, and Robert Spiller is 
security. Richard Hungerford, Dept. Record 1 "- 

The general sessions of the peace held for sd. burrough the 18th 

Buri'OU&ll (iC 

„j , f-bjjf day of June, 1718, before Richard Sweet, esq 1 ", suffrain, and the under- 
named burgesses. 
Jurors' Names. — Edward Warner, Henry Hayes, John Hayes, John Teap, Samuel 
Gilbertson, Florence Donovan, Nicholas Bennett, John Bennett, Edward Spiller, 
Daniel Carty, John Bateman, Phillip Pyne, Ferdinando Spiller. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Fryday, the 25th of July, 

ClouvhTiakiltv I ? 1 ^> ^ ie nonble S r Richard Cox, bart., Coll. John Bourne, and the 

Rev d Mr. William Hull were chosen and elected to be presented to 

the HonWe Henry Lord Carleton, to the end that one of them may be nominated and 

appointed to be suffrain for the ensuing year, according to his Majesty's most gracious 

grant in that behalfe. 

Richard Sweet, Suffrn., William Hull, 

Robert Gillman, John Bourne, 

Arnold Gookin, Richd. Cox. 

__ . , At a court held for the sd. burrough on Wednesday, the oth of 

Burrou^/i de 

Cloughnalrilty. 0ctober ' *7 l8 » Thos - Seal Y and Willm. Morphy, gent., were sworn 
freemen before Richard Sweet, esq r > suffrain. 

Richd. Sweet, Suffrn. 

_ 7 . At a court held for sd. burrough the 18th of 8ber, 1718, being Saint 

Burrough de T , , , T , _ , ..'. 

Clouphnakiltv ■ Lukes da y> J onn Bourne, esq r . pursuant to the nomination & appoint- 
ment of the Rt. Hon b 'e Henry Lord Carleton, was sworn suffrain for 
said burrough for the ensuing year, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him 
by the late suffrain and undernamed burgesses. 

Richart Sweett, Robt. Gillman, 

Robt. Travers, John Townesend, 

William Hull, Arnold Gookin. 

At the same court John Mead and William Munroe were sworn Serjeants. 

. . At a court of record held for the sd. burrough the 22nd day of Sber, 
Burrough of „ , . T . _, «..»?,. ^ ... 

Clouehnakiltv l ? ' Delore J omi Bourne, esq r . suffrain, Fardinando Spiller was 
' sworn constable, and John Bennett thithing man. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 3rd of June, 17 19, by the 
Clouphnakiliv undername d suffrain and burgesses, William Mead, esq r > was sworn 
one of the free burgesses of this corporation, in the room of Mr. Richd. 
Sweet, deceased, pursuant to his Majestie's most gracious grant in that behalfe. 
John Bourne, Suffrn., Arnold Gookin. 

Robert Travers, 
At the same court Roger Healy and Willm Hea of Timoleague, were sworn freemen. 


„ At a court held for the said burrough on Saturday, the 25th of July, 

Clouehnakiltv I ^ 1 ^' ^ y the undername d suffrain and burgesses, S r Emanuel Moore, 

Emanuel Moore, esq 1 ", and John Townesend, esq r > were elected and 

chosen to be return'd to the Rt. Hon ble Henry Ld. Carleton, in order to have one of 

them return'd to serve as suffrain for the ensuing year, according to his Majestie's most 

gracious grant in that behalfe. 

John Bourne, Suffrn., John Townesend, 

Joseph J ervois, William Hull. 

Arnold Gookix, 
Memor. — That at a court held for sd. burrough the 28th of S^er, 17 19, the customs 
of the fairs and markets are sett for the year to come to Samuel Gilbertson for thirty- 
four pounds five shillings sterl. 

At a court held for said burrough on St. Luke's day, being the 18th 

Clouehnakiltv ° f ( - )ctober ' I 7 I 9. John Townesend, one of the free burgesses of this 

burrough, pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the Hon b,e 

the Lord Carleton, was sworn suffrain of the said burrough for the ensuing year, 

and the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the late suffrain and undernamed 


John Bourne, Arnold Gookin, 

Emanuel Moore, Richard Cox, jun. 

Richd. Cox, 

At a court held for sd. burrough the 28th of 8her, 1719 John Mead 
Burrough of , M . , , „ , , . . , 

CI o-j bit 1 anc * Nicholas Bennett were chosen and sworn Serjeants for the year to 

' come before John Townesend, esq r > suffrain. 

John Townesend, Suffn. 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 17th of 
p, , hiltu February, 1719/20, Richd. Townesend, esq r > was sworn a free burgess 
' in the room of Willm. Wade, esq r . deceased, by the undernamed suffrain 
and burgesses 

John Townesend, Suffrn., William Hull. 

At the same court Mr. Cornelius Townesed, Adam Clarke, and Daniel Carty, 
attorney, were sworn freemen of the same. 

John Townesend, Suffn. 

Richard Townesend Is probably the eldest son and heir of Bryan, 
of Castletownshend. He was born 1684, and married in 1706 his first 
cousin, Mary, daughter of Samuel Synge, dean of Kildare, and secondly, 
Elizabeth, only daughter of Henry Becher of Creagh, by whom he had 
three sons and three daughters. He died in 1742. There can be no doubt 
that he was the Coll. Richard Townesend mentioned below July 25th. 

Cornelius Townesend was of Clogheen, son of John FitzCornelius 
and Mary Bowdler, and grandson of Cornelius, Colonel R. Townesend's 
eighth son. The younger Cornelius married Elizabeth Strengways, and 
left no children. His property descended to his nephew, a third 
Cornelius, who sold it. 


At a court held for sd. burrough the 27th of April, 1720, Samuel 
Burrough loj Kingston, of Kilgariffe, was sworn freeman of this corporation before 
' John Townesend, esq r > suffrain. 

John Townesend, Suffn. 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Monday, the 25th of July, 1720, 
Burrough of being gt j ames > day( the Hon bie s>- Emanuel More, Coll. Richard 

' * Townesend, and Coll. Emanuel Moore were elected and chosen, in 

order to have one of them appointed for suffrain for the ensuing year before John 
Townesend, suffn., and the undernamed burgesses. 

John Townesend, Suffr., Arnold Gookin, 

William Hull, Ran. Warner. 

At the same court Mr. Edward Bradstone was sworn freeman of this burrough by 
the above suffrain. John Townesend, Suffr. 

Burrough of At a court there held the 7th of 9 ber » 1720, Mr. James Crooke, jun., 
Cloughnakilty. was sworn freeman before the undernamed suffrain. 

John Townesend, Suffr. 

Burrough de At the above court Nicholas Bennett and John Bennett were sworn 
Cloughnakilty. Serjeants. 

At a court held for the sd. burrough on Tuesday, the 1 8th of 8 b er, 
CI a J & l It 1 I 7 20 > being St. Luke's day, Emanuel Moore, esq r . one of the burgesses 
of this burrough, pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the 
HonoMe Lord Carleton, lord of the soyle, was sworn suffrain for the ensuing year, and 
had the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the undernamed suffrain and burgesses. 
John Townesend, Ran. Warner, 

Robert Travers, Arnold Gookin, 

Willm. Hull, Robt. Gillman. 

Burrough de At a court held for the said burrough Anthony Jobson, esq r . Henry 
Cloughnakilty. Alleyn, and James Copinger were sworn freemen. 

Emanuel Moore, esq r » Suffrain. 

„ j At a court held for said burrough the 25th of July, 1721, the 

Cloughnakilty Honble Sr Perc y Freke, bart., George Freke, and Richd. Townesend, 
esq", were elected and chosen to be returned to the lord of the 
burrough, in order to have one of them appointed suffrain for the ensuing year 
according to the charter, before the undernamed suffrain and burgesses. 
Emanuel Moore, John Honner, 

William Hull, Percy Freke, 

Ran. Warner, John Townesend. 

Burro <rj f At a court ne ^ f° r said burrough on Wednesday, the 18th of 8ber, 

Cloughnakilty I ' 72I » being Saint Luke's day, Richard Townesend, esq., pursuant to 

the nomination and appointment of the Honbie Henry Lord Baron of 

Carlton, lord of the soyle, was sworn suffrain for the ensuing year by the undernamed 

suffrain and burgesses. 

Emanuel Moore, Ran. Warner, 

Arnold Gookin, John^Honner. 

Robert Travers, 


At a court held for scl burrough on Wednesday, the 25th of July, 
CJ h h'lt I 7 22 > ^ r Ri c h af d Cox, bart., Sir Emanuel Moore, bart, and Sir Percy 
Freke, bart., were chosen and elected to be returned to the lord of the 
burrough, in order to have one of them appointed suffrain for the ensuing year accord- 
ing to the charter, before the undernamed suffrain and burgesses. 

Richard Townesend, Suffn., Ran. Warner, 
Robert Travers, John Townesend, 

Willm. Hull, Arnold Gookin. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Thursday, the 18th of 8 ber . 

ChuehnakiUv l ? 22 ' De * n § Saint Luke's day, Sir Emanuel Moore, bart., pursuant to 

the nomination and appointment of the Rt. Hon^e Henry Ld. Barron 

of Carleton, lord of the sd. burrough, was sworn suffrain for the ensuing year, and had 

the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the undernamed suffrain and burgesses. 

Richd. Townesend, Robt. Travers, 

Richd. Cox, John Bourne, 

Emanuel Moore, Arnold Gookin. 
John Townesend, 

At a court held for sd. burrough on the 28th of g^er, 1722, by 
Clouehnakiltv ^ ^ manuel Moore, bart., suffrain, John Honner, junr, was sworn 
freeman of this burrough by the undernamed suffrain and recorder. 

E .manuel Moore, Suffr., 
Richard Hungerford, Recorder. 

„ . , „ At a court held for said burrough on Thursday, the 2?th of [ulv, 

Jiui'KOU (r ll OT 

Cloupknakiltv 1 ^ 22 ' Dem g Saint James' day, the Rt. Honble James Earl of Barry- 
more, the Hon^le Brigadier George Freke, and_ Captain Freke were 
elected and chosen to be returned to the lord of the burrough, in order to have one of 
them appointed suffrain for the ensuing year according to the charter, by the under- 
named suffrain and burgesses. 

Emanuel Moore, Suffrn., John Honner, 

John Townesend, Handle Warner. 

Arnold Gookin. 

. At a court held for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 28th day ot 

liurrougli of . „ . . T , ... , . , , . 

Clouehnakiltv Au S ust > '7 2 3> Captain John Birde was sworn a burgess of this corpora- 
tion in the room of the Rev. Mr. William Hull, deceased, by the 
undernamed suffrain and burgesses, pursuant to the act in that case made and pro- 
vided, notice being first published eight days on the markett house. 

Emanuel Moore, Suffr., Randle Warner, 

Richard Cox, John Bourne, 

Richard Cox., junr. Arnold Gookin, 

Emanuel Moore, junr, John Townsend. 

_ , , At a court held for the said burruugh on Fryday, the 18th of S^er, 

liurrouirh of m ^ . „ „ . ., . . 

CI r] /■//• I 7 2 3- Captain Henry Freke, pursuant to the nomination and appoint- 
ment of the lord of the burrough, was sworn suffrain of the said 


burrough for the ensuing year by the undernamed suffrain and burgesses, and had the 

ensigns of authority delivered to him. 

Emanuel Moore, Suffr., John Honner, 

Ran. Warner, Arnold Gookin, 

John Birde, John Townesend. 

Robt. Travers, 

October the 23rd, 1723. At a court held for the burrough of Cloughnakilty, John 
Mead and Nicholas Bennett were sworn serjts. 

Ha. Freke, Suffr. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 22nd of April, 1 724, by 

c/'Zh^l-ft Harry Freke * eSqr ' suffrain of said borrou g h > Co1 - J ohn Honner, and 

Mr. Arnold Gookin, free burgesses, James Spiller, a freeman of said 

burrough, was by a majority chosen weighmaster for sd. burrough, and sworn 


Harry Freke, Suffr., Arnold Gookin. 

John Honner, 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Wednesday, the 22nd day of 
urroiigioj ^pj.^ !724, at three o'clock in the afternoon by Harry Freke, esq r . 
' suffrain, Mr. Richard Hungerford, deputy recorder, and the under- 
named burgesses, the following protest was enter'd to the proceedings of the above 
court by the burgesses thereto subscribing. 
Harry Freke, Suffr., 
Richard Hungerford, Dep. Record. 

" Whereas Harry Freke, esq r . suffrain of the burrough of Cloughnakilty, attended 
by Mr. Richard Hungerford, deputy recorder, Sr. Emanuel Moore, Coll. John Honner, 
John Townesend, esq r > Mr. Arnold Gookin, Capt. John Birde, burgesses of said burrough, 
called and held a court of record in and for the said burrough at the house of James 
Spiller on the fifteenth of this instant April, and whereas the suffrain then and there 
in open court did declare that he call'd said court with design to swear James Spiller 
weighmaster of the sd. burrough in the room of Francis Hanglin, and all the sd. 
burgesses except Mr. Arnold Gookin objected that it would be a hardship to displace 
Francis Hanglin from being weighmaster, because he accepted of the place when no 
other would, and when it was of no value, and behaved himself in it to the general 
satisfaction and ease of the burrough, whereupon the suffrain finding he could not 
carry it by the majorite of voices, then made an objection, and an abridgment of the 
late statute made for continuing and amending the laws in relation to butter and 
tallow casks being produc'd to him, he declared he did not know whether the statute 
was truly abridg'd, and said he wou'd adjourn the court to this day, being Wednesday, 
the 22nd of April instant, and that he wou'd by this day produce the sd. statute, and 
lay it before the court ; and pursuant thereto the court was adjourned by the recorder 
to the usual hour, \ an hour after ten of the clock ; that soon after the said suffrain, 
with all the abovenamed burgesses (except Mr. Gookin), were at the house of Francis 
Hanglin, where the suffrain then repeated that he would have the statute laid before 
them, and thereupon the said burgesses promised to attend him this day in court. 
Now the said John Honner sets forth that the said Harry Freke, suffrain, came to his 
house yesterday, being the 21st inst., where he lay last night, on condition that the 
said Honner wou'd go with him very early this morning to Cloughnakilty, pretending 


to meet a butcher who bought sheep of him, and was farther treating with him about 
some bullocks ; that accordingly the suffrain call'd me up very early this morning; that 
we were not long in town before I asked the said suffrain where his servant was, 
who told me he had sent him for the butcher ; that soon after the aforenamed Arnold 
Gookin came to us, and then Nicholas Bennett, one of the Serjeants of the said cor- 
poration, by order of the suffrain, call'd court, sd. suffrain, sd. Gookin, and myself 
being present. I then objected that it was too early in the morning to call the court, 
and that the court cou'd not be called regularly without the recorder, and that the 
burgesses that promised were not yet come, and that his proceedings were not 
according to law ; but the said suffrain said he was well advised, and he wou'd 
immediately proceed and swear James Spiller weighmaster for sd. burrough, and 
accordingly the said Spiller then and there was sworn weighmaster by the suffrain 
and burgesses, tho' I then protested, as I do now hereby protest, against all the sd. 
proceedings, as judging the court to be unlawfull, in testimony whereof I have hereunto 
sett my hand this twenty-second day of April, 1724. 

Henry Honner. ' 

We, the undernamed burgesses of the burrough of Cloughnakilty, having read the 
foregoing protest, are persuaded of the ilegality of the suffrain's proceedings this day 
in a pretended court held by the sd. suffrain in sd burrough at six o'clock this 
morning, and we do hereby protest against the said pretended court as being 
unlawful], in testimony whereof we have hereunto put our hands this twenty-second 
day of April, 1724. 

Emanuel Moore, John Birde, 

Richard Cox, John Townesend. 

Randle Warner, 

, „ At the said court the dispute that was between the suffrain and 
Burrough of .. . , 4 . . . . 

Cloughnakilly P rotestin S burgesses in relation to the foregoing dispute about weigh- 
' master is left to the opinion of Sir Richd. Cox, bart., whether the 
court held by the soveraigne this morning is legal or not. 

Har. Freke, Suffrn., Ran. Warner, 

Emanuel Moore, John Townesend, 

Arnold Gookin, John Birde. 
Jonas Travers. 

. The court of record held for the said burrough the 29th day of 

ClougZkMf. Apri1, I724, by the undernamed suffrn., deputy recorder, and burgesses, 
the HonWe Sf Richard Cox, bart., having given his opinion to a new 
election, Francis Hanglin, by a majority, was sworn weighmaster, and Robert Hanglin 
deputy weighmaster, pursuant to the late statute made in that case. 

Har. Freke, Suffrn., John Bourne, 

Emanuel Moore, John Birde, 

Richard Cox, Rax. Warner. 

Richard II i:\gerford, Depy Recorder. 

(To be continued.) 


Cork jVTp's., 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the Union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

O'Donovan, Daniel (The O'Donovan). 

M.P. Baltimore in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 

Son of Daniel O'Donovan by Gillis, daughter of Sir Roger O'Shaughnessy, of 
county Galway. He was a colonel in the service of King James, and defended 
Charles fort at Kinsale for the king with vigour, and surrendered " with his own 
hand " the keys to the Earl of Marlborough, and made honourable terms. 

In 1662 he received a testimonial from the English inhabitants of the barony of 
Carbery, certifying that from his childhood he had lived inoffensively towards them, 
and had been a loyal and faithful subject to his Majesty (Charles II.). In 1684 he was 
put on his trial for high treason, but the proceedings came to nothing, though in 1692 
he delivered himself to the high sheriff, being apparently "wanted" by the govern- 
ment ; but he was not detained, or even prosecuted. 

He married first, Victoria, daughter of Captain Coppinger, and had issue a daughter ; 
he married secondly, in 1665, Elizabeth, daughter of Major Tonson, and had issue. He 
was living in 1701. Ancestor of The O'Donovan. 

O'Donovan, Daniel (or Donnell). 

M.P. Doneraile in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 

Probably son of Richard O'Donovan, ll.d. (who died 1694), by Catherine Ronayne. 
He was " of Dunamark." He (or the foregoing) was appointed portreeve of Baltimore 
by the new charter granted by James II. in 1687. 

He married Mary, daughter of Thomas Holmes, and was ancestor of a family that 
recently lived in the city of Cork in very humble circumstances. 

O'Donovan, Jeremiah. 

M.P. Baltimore in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 

Son of Daniel MacMortough O'Donovan, of Clogh-a-tradbally and Rinogreny. Was of 
" Donovan's Leap," county Cork. He had letters-patent from Charles II. (9th Dec, 
1696), of various lands in Carbery and Courcey, and premises in the cities of Cork and 
Dublin, in the town of Bray, and the barony of Duleek. He was chief of the clan 
Loughlin, and a Protestant. Was appointed registrar of the Court of Admiralty in 
Ireland by James II. 

He married, 1686, Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver Tallant, and had issue. He died 1709. 
His son, Jeremiah O'Donovan, sold " Donovan's Leap " to Richard Tonson. 

Oliver, Charles, of Clonodfoy, Limerick. 

M.P. Midleton, 1695. 

Son of Captain Robert Oliver, m.p. for Limerick county, 1661, by Bridget, daughter of 
Andrew Ormsby. Was high sheriff of Cork, 1695 ; M.P. also for Limerick, 1703-1706. 
He married, 1670, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Percy Smith, of Ballinatray, and died 
13th April, 1706, leaving issue (see Robert Oliver). 

CORK M.PS. 137 

Oliver, Robert, ot" Clonodfoy (now Castle Oliver). 

M.P. Castlemartyr, 1713-14. 

Son of Charles Oliver, m.p. (q.v.), and descended from Robert Oliver, " clerk of 
munitions," Cork, 1612. Was colonel of Limerick militia ; ll.d. (lion, cau.) t.c.d., 1709. 
M.P. also for Kilmallock, 1703-13; county Limerick, 1715-27; Kilmallock, 1727 till his 
death in 1747 (qy. 1738). 

He married first, 1702, Katherine, daughter of Sir Robert Southwell, clerk to the 
privy council and secretary of state for Ireland, and sister of Lord de Clifford ; he 
married secondly, 1705, Susannah, daughter and co-heir of James Knight, and had 
issue ; (qy. he married thirdly, Valentina, third daughter of Sir Claud Hamilton, and 
widow of Colonel Charles Blunt and Colonel Knight. Ancestor of the Cherrymount 
and Castle Oliver (Clonodfoy) families. His daughter Jane married as first wife 
Boyle Aldworth, and was mother of Richard Aldworth, m.p. (q.v.) 

O'Neill, Charles. 

M.P. Clonakilty, 1784-90; elected for Castlemartyr and Clonakilty, 1790, 
and sat for the latter till 1797. 

Said to be younger son of Charles O'Neill, of Shane's Castle, by Catherine, daughter 
of Right Hon. St. John Brodrick, and brother of John (created Viscount) O'Neill. 
Barrister-at-law, 1784; lived in Ely Place, Dublin, and subsequently at Monkstown 

He married Alice (or Jane), daughter of Francis Drew, of Drew's Court, and had 
issue. His daughter Charlotte married Thomas Prcndergast, m.p. (q.v.) 

Orde, The Right Hon. Thomas (afterwards Lord Bolton). 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1783-90. 

Second son of John Orde, of Morpeth ; born 30th August, 1748 ; married, 1778, Jean 
Mary Paulet, illegitimate daughter (and heir by devise) of Charles, fifth and last Duke 
of Bolton. Was M.P. also for Aylesbury, 1780-84; Harwich, 1784-96. Assumed the 
name of Poulett, 1795. Secretary to the Treasury ; governor of the Isle of Wight ; 
created Baron Bolton 1797. Died 1807. Ancestor of present peer. 

Ormsby, John, of Athlacca, county Limerick, and Ballyvenoge. 

M.P. Charleville, 1695-99. 

Eldest son of Arthur Ormsby, of Ballyvenogue, county Limerick, and grandson of 
Arthur Ormsby, who in 1665 had grants of lands in counties of Cork and Limerick. 
Was M.P. also for Kilmallock, 1692-95. 

He married, 25th April, 1685, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Kingston, and had an 
only son, who d.s.p., and two daughters. 

(Incorrectly called James Ormsby in Tuckcy.) 

Palmes, Lieut.-General Francis, of Dublin. 
M.P. Youghal, 17 1 5-19. 

Probably a descendant of Francis Palmes, who had grants of land in Queen's County, 
1563. He died 17 19, when Francis Rugge (q.v.) was elected in his stead. 

Parker, Brigadier-General Gervais, of Dublin. 

Elected for Kinsale, 22nd October, 1 731, but unseated. 

A general of horse ; governor of Cork, and received the freedom of the city in a silver 
box, 23rd January, 1726; governor of Kinsale, 1726; commander-in-chief in Ireland. 

His return was petitioned against by Richard Ponsonby (q.V. ), and he was declared 
to have been " miselected," and Ponsonby obtained the seat. 


Parker, Matthew, of Youghal. 

M.P. Clonakilty, 1766-68. 

Son of John Parker, of Gortroe. 

He married, 1740, Catherine Chinnery (sister to Sir Brodrick Chinnery and the 
Bishop of Cloyne), and had issue one son and two daughters, the younger of whom 
married Sir Henry Mannix, bart. (extinct). 

Mathew Parker was a gentleman of some eccentricity, and he left the bulk of his 
property, I believe, to the Lord Shannon of the day, and away from his own family. 

Feere, Lott. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1634. 

Was secretary to Sir William St. Leger, Lord President of Munster ; admitted to the 
freedom of Youghal 4th February, 1627, on the same occasion that Sir William was 
admitted, and is called "Lott Pierce" in the municipal records; freeman of Cork 
27th June, 1628. He was elected M.P. for Baltimore on 21st June, 1634, and resigned 
in the ensuing December, being " absent in England on special occasions," when 
James Travers {q.v.) was returned in his place. 

He was dead before 23rd October, 1652, when his widow and sons were residing 
at or near Audley End, in Cambridgeshire. 

Perceval, Sir John, of Buxton, bart. 

M.P. Cork County 1661, till his decease in 1665. 

Eldest son of Sir Philip Perceval, knt, commissary general of the king's army in 
Ireland, 1641, by Catherine Usher. 

He was born in Dublin 7th September, 1629 ; clerk of the Crown and Common 
Pleas, 1655; admitted to the King's Inns, 1657; knighted by Henry Cromwell; a 
privy councillor ; created a baronet 9th September, 1661 ; prothonotary of the Common 
Pleas, and one of the Council of the President of Munster. 

He married, 14th February, 1655, Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Southwate, of 
Kinsale (she died 17th August, 1679, and buried at Kinsale). 

He died in Dublin 1st November, 1665, and was buried in St. Audren's church 
there. Ancestor of the Earls of Egmont. 

Perceval, Sir John, Bart, (afterwards Earl of Egmont.) 

M.P. Cork County, 1703-13; 1713-14. 

Son of Sir John Perceval, third baronet, by Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward Dering, 
bart., and grandson of the foregoing. 

He was born 22nd July, 1683 ; succeeded his brother Sir Edward in the baronetcy, 
1691 ; was admitted a burgess of Kinsale in 1708, and had his freedom in a silver box 
" in consideration of the great respect" the corporation bore him. Was M.P. also for 
Harwich, 1722, 1726, and 1727-34; a privy councillor; created Baron Perceval 17 1 5, 
Viscount Perceval 1722, and Earl of Egmont 1733 ; recorder of Harwich ; president of 
the province of Georgia. 

He married, 1710, Catherine, daughter of Sir Philip Parker a Morley (she died 1749). 
He died 1st May, 1748, leaving issue, 

Petty, Henry, of High Wycombe, Bucks, (afterwards Earl of Shelburne.) 

M.P. Midleton, 1692-95. 

Second son of Sir William Petty, m.p. {q.v.) He was ranger of the Phcenix Park, 
Dublin; a privy councillor ; was M.P. also for Waterford county, 1695-99; for Great 
Marlow, 1715-22; High Wycombe, 1722-27; f.r.s. ; created Baron Shelburne 1699, 
Viscount Dunkerrin and Earl of Shelburne 1719. 

He died 17th April, 1751, without issue surviving. His sister Anne married 
Thomas, first Earl of Kerry, and was ancestor of the Marquess of Lansdowne, who 
inherits the Petty estates, and is also Earl of Shelburne of a subsequent creation. 

CORK M.PS. 139 

Henry Petty married Arabella, fifth daughter of Charles Boyle (Lord Clifford), and 
had issue a son, who d.s.p. v.p., and a daughter, Anne, who married Francis Bernard 
(son of Francis Bernard, m.p., q.v.), but also d.s.p. 

Petty, Sir William, Knt. 

M.P. Kinsale and Bandon in Cromwell's Parliament, 1659. 

The celebrated surveyor-general of Ireland, and author of the Down Survey ; son of 
Anthony Petty, of Ramsey, clothier; was m.d. and physician-general to the army, 1652; 
clerk of the council ; M.P. also for West Looc, 1658 ; Enniscorthy, 1661 ; knighted 
1 661 ; f.r.s. He married, 1667, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hardress Waller, and widow 
of Sir Maurice Fenton, M.P. {q.v.), and had two sons (who d.s.p.) and a daughter, Anne 
(see Henry Petty). Lady Petty was created Baroness Shelburne 1688, and died 1708. 

When Vincent "Gookin {q.v) surrendered his seat for these boroughs in 1659, Sir 
William (then Doctor) Petty was elected. (See D.N.B., and Lord Edmond Fitz- 
maurice's Life of Petty.) 

Phillips, William. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1703-13. 

Pierce (or Piers), Henry, of Dublin. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1613. 

Son of William Piers, who came to Ireland in 1566, and was "a man of valour and 
courage," and was governor of Carrickfergus and seneschal of county Antrim. 

Henry Piers and Sir Thomas Crooke {q.v.) were the first two members for the 
borough of Baltimore, which was incorporated 25th March, 161 3. He was of 
Tristernagh, county Westmeath, and was secretary to the Lord Deputy. " By con- 
versing with many of the Roman Church he turned to that faith against the advice of 
his wife and her friends, and prevailed on some of his children to embrace that 
religion." He travelled in Germany, Spain, Italy, etc., for eight years, and wrote an 
account of his travels, which was amongst the MSS. in the Chandos Library. 

He married Jane, daughter of Dr. Thomas Jones, archbishop of Dublin, and died 
16th September, 1623, leaving issue. His grandson, Henry Piers, of Tristernagh, was 
created a baronet iSth January, 1660, and was progenitor of the present baronet. 

Figot, Emanuel. 

M.P. Cork City, 1735-60. 

Eldest son of Thomas Pigot, of Chctwynd, Cork, by Jane, daughter of Sir Emanuel 
Moore, bart. Free of Cork 8th November, 1 73 1. 

He married first, Lucy, daughter of George Rogers, of Ashgrove, Cork, m.p. {q.v.), 
by whom he was grandfather of Thomas Pigott, m.p. {q.v.) He married secondly, 
Judith, daughter of Richard Warburton, and had issue. 

Pigott, Thomas. 

M.P. Midleton, 1783-90; 1790 till his death in 1793. 

Son of George Pigott by Jane Warburton, and grandson of Emanuel Pigott, m.p. {q.v.) 
He was a major-general in the army; governor of the city of Cork; M.P. also for 
Taghmon, 1776-83. 

He was born 13th October, 1734; married, 13th September, 1763, Priscilla, daughter 
of William Carden, of the Queen's County, and died October, 1793, leaving issue. 

His son, Lieut.-General George Pigott, was created a baronet 1808, and was 
ancestor of the present holder of the title. 

(To be continue//). 


jNfotes and Queries. 


Contributed by R. D. : Du hallow Hunt. 

/. Grove White: "The Rise and Progress in Munster of the Rebellion, 1642." 

/. F. Lynch : Fragments. 

Old Cork: Order of "The Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick." 

Duhallow Hunt. — There are yet other buttons of the Duhallow Hunt in the 
family of Captain John Brazier Creagh, of Creagh Castle, and of Mr. Brazier Creagh, 
of Stream Hill, Doneraile, which have an important bearing on the history of the club, 
as they prove conclusively that the Duhallows existed as a hunt club before a.d. 1800. 
The buttons are of silver, and are inscribed "Duhallow Hunt revived, 1800." 

R. D. 

"The Rise and Progress in Munster of the Rebellion, 1642."— My 

ancestor, Lieutenant John Downing (mentioned on page 73, vol. ii. second series of 
the Journal), was a son of John Downing, esq. (married a daughter of — Travers, esq.), 
of Ballymanah, county Tipperary, who died 1629. He was also of Ballymanah, and 
afterwards of Hospital, county Limerick, and a captain in the army. When lieutenant 
to Sir William St. Leger he defended the castle of Doneraile in 1642 against the 
Irish rebels. He married Catherine, daughter of — Browne, esq., of Mullahiffe, and 
had, with other issue, a son, John Downing, who rode with his brother in the 
Horse Guards of Charles II., when in exile. He married and had issue. — Extract 
from a family pedigree. J. Grove White. 

Fragments. — The barony in which Lough Gur lies, now known by the name of 
Small County, was formerly called Deis Beag. Its old inhabitants were a race of 
Firbolgs named Mairtine, or Muirtine. These were subdued by three septs, called by 
O'Heerin the O'Luain, the Ui Duibhrose, and the Ui Faircheallaigh. Dr. O'Donovan 
says the last name is anglicised O'Farrelly, but that there is not one person of the 
name to be found in Small County. I do not think that any trace of the occupation of 
this tribe can now be found in Small County, but near Caherconlish there is a rock, 
Carrigoreely.C 1 ) and a townland named from it, which preserves the name of the Ui 
Faircheallaigh. Upon this rock are the ruins of a castle built by the Burkes, and a short 
distance to the south is the site of a large rath which was dug out about eighty years 
ago. The people have a story that a small stone figure of a man, with a sword at his 
side, was then found, but that it vanished most mysteriously the night after its dis- 
covery. Mention of Lough Gur is made in the account of the wars of Diarmaid Mac 
Maoilnambo, king of Leinster, and Toirdhealbhach Mac Briain, with Donnchadh Mac 
Briain. Toirdhealbhach was grandson of Brian Boroimhe, and foster-son of Diarmaid. 
He was the rightful sovereign of Munster on the death of his father, Tadhg, who had 
been assassinated by his brother, Donnchadh, in 1023. When Toirdhealbhach grew up, 
he and his foster-father waged incessant war on Donnchadh. They destroyed the 

(>) Carrigoreely represents the Irish Cdjl|t4?3 U) Tojnce4lU?5. 


ancient forts of Duntrileague, Loch Gair, burned Limerick and Emly, and inflicted 
a crushing defeat on Donnchadh, near Sliabh Crot, in the glen of Aherlow. 

In the year 15 15 a war broke out among the Fitzgeralds, and in the Annals of Loch Ce 
we read, "The castle of Aine was captured from John, son of the Earl of Desmumha, 
by James, son of the Earl ; and he then sits down before the castle of Loch Gair, which 
was in great straits by him until the Sil-Briain, and the Sil-Cerbhaill, and the Cenel 
Aedha sent him away from it." The Four Masters in giving an account of this, say 
that "when the son of the Earl perceived the nobles of the army of the great race of 
Brian approach, the resolution he arrived at was not to come to an engagement with 
them, but to leave the town unharmed, and thus they parted with each other." 

I now give from the Calendar of State Papers some extracts in which Lough Gur is 
mentioned — 

"Limerick, August gth, 1536. Ossory and some of the Council to Crumwell. 
James Fitzjohn of Desmond has proclaimed himself Earl and joined O'Brien. Parlia- 
ment adjourned to Limerick. The army marched to Cashel. Gray takes Desmond's 
castle at Lough Gur." 

" LJmerick, August gt/i, 1536. William Body to Crumwell. Castle Lok Kere taken 
by the Lord Treasurer Butler, July 31st." 

This Butler was the ninth Earl of Ormonde. He succeeded his father in 1539, but 
in 1532 he had been appointed Lord High Treasurer of Ireland. In 1535 he was made 
Admiral of the Kingdom, and Viscount Thurles, He laid claim to the Earldom of 
Desmond in right of his wife, Joan, daughter to the eleventh Earl of Desmond. The 
two entries refer to the same seizure, for Butler was acting under the orders of Lord 
Deputy Gray. 

"December ijt/i, 1537. Loghgyr. James, Earl of Desmond to Gray. Readiness 
to serve the King. He never intended to offend, although he had suffered much wrong. 
He will put in pledges on receiving the King's pardon." 

This Earl was received into great favour by the King. He went to England in 1542, 
bearing letters of recommendation from Lord Deputy St. Leger. On this occasion lie 
was appointed Lord High Treasurer of Ireland. Desmond was favoured in order that 
he might be a counterbalance to the power of Ormonde. St. Leger, writing to King 
Henry, says, "I thought it good to have a Rowland for an Oliver." 

" Limerick, July yd, 1566. Sir Warhame Sentleger to Sir H. Sydney, Lord Deputy. 
Meeting with the Earl of Desmond at Lough Kirr. Tenor of the Queen's letter to 
Lord Deputy imparted to Desmond. Desmond's displeasure, courage, and power. 
Necessity of ending the controversy." 

" Castellcyehan, November i\th, 1 573. Justice Nicholas Walshe to the Lord Deputy. 
Earl of Desmond met at Knockdalton by Rory Oge and Piers Grace. The Earl and 
Countess put on Irish raiment at Lough Gur, and make a proclamation." 

The people of Lough Gur have traditions of two great battles ; the one was fought 
in Bloody Hollow, a little distance north of Knocktinnell, and the other was fought 
near the stone circles to the south of Knocksentry. The people also relate that in the 
days of Sarsfield, a farmer, named Rody Camden, was admitted into Tir na n-og by 
Terren Glas, the gatekeeper of Lough Gur entrance. Rody held converse with Gearoidh 
Iarla, the Fians of Erinn, and Cuchullainn. One thing which particularly struck him, 
and which he related to his friends afterwards at Lough Gur, was that the Fians of 
Erinn had nothing stronger to drink than metheglitt ("mead"). In another story 
I heard, Sarsfield, Galloping O'Hogan, and Tibbott Burke of Caherconlish, are cap- 
tured at Lough Gur by an English leader named Gideon Grimes, and confined in the 
Green Knight's apartment at Lough Gur, from which they are rescued by a nephew of 


Rody Camden, named Cos Redin, or the "brown-footed messenger," who takes them 
through the subterranean passage under Knockfinnell to Glenoghra Castle, then 
belonging to an Irish chief, named Hugh O'Ryan. 

At the foot of Keillalough Hill there are several boulders which according to tradi- 
tion were thrown hither from Knockfierna by Donn Firinne, the powerful fairy-king 
who rules over Mid-Munster, as Aibhin of Craig Liath does over North Munster, and 
Cliodhna of Carrig-Cleena, near Mallow, over South Munster. The giant of Lough 
Gur, who now peacefully rests in his dolmen at the foot of the hill, attempted to fling 
these stones back again to Knockfierna, but only succeeded in throwing a stone as far 
as Camas, near Bruff, where it now lies with the marks of the giant's fingers upon it. 
One of these boulders at Keillalough is named Carraig na mbreug, "the rock of the 
lies." Why this singular name I cannot say, but a similar term occurs as the name of 
one of the hills in the Knockgrean range, near Pallas Grean, Carrigneihig, " the rock of 
lies." One would expect better things, however, of a stone from Knockfierna, " the hill 
of truth." Casting stones was a very favourite amusement with the giants and fairies 
who roamed about Ireland in the good old times. The Fians also practised stone 
throwing very much. It is said that Fionn McCumhaill counted it nothing to throw a 
huge block from his palace on the hill of Allen to the hill of Howth, a distance of about 
twenty miles. The opening verse of C4t;h CrjT)0)C 4r) 4]Jl, or "Battle of the Hill of 
Slaughter," is — 

" 'DO b4rr)4Jt Ujle 4TJ p) At] 4'f fjOrjt), 

21 5-co)ri) , n)or)ol 4ri 4n 5-ct)oc fo f j4fi ; 

2I5 mjjtvn 4ji cle4f4)b lu*, 

21' T PW 5° !*ub4C 45 cation) 1)45." 

" We were all, the Fians and Fionn, 
Assembled on this hill to the west ; 
Engaged in athletic sports, 
And merrily casting stones." 

Saints also indulged a little in this pastime, and performed feats which would throw 
even Fionns into the shade. "Casting" is, or was until very recently, a favourite 
amusement with young men in the rural districts of Cork. The ancient Greek also 
knew how to cast a stone, so I suppose we shall not be wrong in assuming that the 
Celt and the Greek learned how to put a stone from their common ancestor, on some 
Aryan hill in the days of long ago. Sir Herbert Maxwell, in Post Meridiana, writes, 
"There is another remarkable feature about the gatherings (the Isthmian games), 
namely, the unchanging character of the performances enacted at them. Assuming 
the era of Homer to have been five centuries earlier than the inauguration of the 
Isthmian games— that is, about B.C. 1000— the sports which he enumerates as taking 
place at the funeral of Patroclus were identical not only with those of the Olympian, 
Nemean, and Isthmian celebrations, but strangely similar to a programme of the 
present day. Chariot and foot races, boxing, wrestling, putting the stone, are counter- 
parts of competitive exercises of the nineteenth century." 

In the Book of Glendalough, quoted by O'Donovan in his Supplement to O'Reillys 
Dictionary, Cuchullainn is represented as standing on the top of Collchalli, or Knock- 
aine hill, with his tutor, and pointing out to him the chief features of the district. The 
territory immediately south of the hill he names Cliu Mail Mic Ugaine. This district 
took its name from Mai, the son of Ugaine Mor, who was killed there. This must be 
a pretty old district, for Ugaine is said to have been monarch of Erinn B.C. 600. In 



the "Tale of the Giolla Deacair, or 'Lazy Fellow,'" Fionn McCumhaill is resting on 
this hill of Collchalli when the Giolla Deacair appears with his old horse, upon which 
he induced twelve of the Fians to mount, and immediately carried them off to Tir-fa- 
tonn, or " the land beneath the wave." 

As I mentioned in a previous note, the legends of Aine are very much mixed up 
with those of Gearoidh Iarla at Lough Gur. Like several great heroes of antiquity 
Gearoidh Iarla had an immortal for mother. He was, according to a story I was 
recently told, the son of the Earl of Desmond and Aine, and terrified the Earl's 
English wife with the wonders he performed in her presence. One of these was to 
change himself into a flash of fire, so that the Caislean dubh, or "Black Castle," 
seemed to be all in a blaze. Aine is known in the district by the name of Aine Cliar. 
Tory Hill, or Cnoc-droma-Asail, owes its origin to Aine Cliar ; she intended presenting 
the hill to Donn Firinne, to place it on the top of Knockfierna, and was carrying it 
in her apron when its strings broke on her ! Aine used to come to Lough Gur in 
a coach and four. This was the Coffee bOTMfl, or "deaf coach," which is also 
known throughout the south and west of Ireland by the name of " headless coach," 
from the four horses having no heads, The term "bodhar" is applied to it from the 
booming, deafening noise it makes. It is supposed to come for people who are 
about to die, and it is speedy death to anyone who sees it. Sometimes it is empty, 
and sometimes it is occupied by a banshee. Many superstitious fancies are fast dying 
out, but, whatever be the reason, the peasantry strongly cling to the belief that the 
coiste bodhar still goes its dreary rounds. J. F. Lynch. 

Order of "The Friendly Brothers of St. Patrick."— Could any reader 
of the Journal give the dates of institution and dissolution of the above Order? 

Old Cork. 

Original pocun^ents. 

3nDej; aestanicntorum olim in "Rcgiatro Cotcacjix. 

No. Name. Year. 

354 Bateman, Rowland, esq. . . . . . . . . . . 1753 

355 Bully, Laurence, of Keamagara . . . . . . . . 1753 

356 Boland, Barbara, of Corke, widow .. .. .. .. 1753 

357 Bradock, William, of Corke, staysmaker .. .. .. 1754 

358 Bleach, Robert, of Corke, cloathier . . . . . . . . 1754 

359 Bleach, George, of Corke, cloathier .. .. .. .. 1754 

360 Bourke, Anna, otherwise Dill .. .. .. .. 1754 

361 Bleach, George, of Corke, gent. . . . . . . . . 1754 

362 Bourne, Elizabeth, of Bandon, widow .. .. .. 1755 

363 Barron, John, of Corke, clothier . . . . . . . . 1755 

364 Besnard, Nicholas, of Corke, sailmaker . . . . 1756 

365 Bourne, William, of Bandon, cloathier . . 

366 Bowden, Hester, of Kinsale, widow . . . . . . . . 1756 

367 Bax, Joseph, of Chetwynd, gent. .. .. 1757 

368 Barry, James, otherwise Treadeen . . . . . . . . 1757 

369 Brooking, Matthew, mariner .. .. .. .. 1759 



No. Name. 

370 Bellman, Thomas, of Corke 

371 Bevvly, George, of Corke 

372 Busteed, Michael, of Kilingly 

373 Beggs, Edith, of Bandon, widow 

374 Burk, Alexander, of the Somerset 

375 Byrne, Charles, of Corke, marr. 

376 Bently, John, of Corke, apothecary 

377 Baldwin, Mary, of Corke 

378 Blurton, Ursula, of Corke, widow 

379 Bennis, Elizabeth, of Corke, widow 

380 Bishop, Susanna, of Kinsale 

381 Beamish, Francis, of Kilmaloady 

382 Bennett, Henry, of Knockaneagirrea 

383 Banfield, William, of Bandon 

384 Burchall, John, of Glasheen 

385 Billingal, Thomas, of Douglas 

386 Browne, Henry, of Curragh 

387 Bloss, Charles, of Inniskean 

388 Buck, Jonathan, of Corke 

389 Baston, John, of Corke 

390 Barry, John, of Granure 

391 Beale, Joseph, of Corke 

392 Bishop, Thomas, of Kinsale 

393 Barter, Thomas, of Inishonane 

394 Budd, John, of Corke 

395 Beamish, George, of Boulleen 

396 Bewly, Thomas, of Corke 

397 Browne, Jerem., of Kinsale 

398 Beads, John, of Ballinaheeny 

399 Blewet, Thomas, of Kinsale 

400 Barrett, Richard, of Douglas 

401 Bready, Edmund, of Corke 

402 Burk, Margery, of Corke 

403 Burk, David, of Corke 

404 Bryan, Thomas, of Rochfordstown 

405 Banfield, William, of Shinnagh 

406 Bickford, John, of Kinsale 

407 Blenerhasset, Revd. Thomas 

408 Baldwin, Walter, of Rough Grove 

409 Bohilly, Joanna, of Corke 

410 Browne, Martha, of Corke 

411 Birchfield, Jeremiah, of 

412 Bagwell, Samuel, of Corke 

413 Broun, Revd. Samuel, of Corke 

414 Barrett, John, of Ballinphilick 

415 Beecher, Elizabeth, wife of John Beecher 

416 Bowden, George, the younger, of Kinsale 

417 Baldwin, John, of Bandon, glazier 

(To be continued.) 






Second Series.— Vol. II., No. 16.] 

[April, 1896. 



Cork Historical & Arch^ological 


Che Old Countess. 

By M. T. KELLY. 

N the province of Munster there exist numerous remains 
of strongholds which formerly belonged to the haughty 
barons and knights of the Southern Geraldines, who in 
the Middle Ages successfully asserted their supremacy 
over their Xorman and their Irish foes and neighbours. 
Among these castles, about four miles from Youghal 
and situated on the bank of the river Womenagh, is 
the ancient castle of Inchiquin, which was often given as a dower house 
to widows of the Earls of Desmond, having been erected at an early date 
by one of the Geraldines who came to Ireland at the invitation of the 
traitor McMorogh of Leinster/ Placed on rising ground, the circular 
and massive walls, thirty feet in height and eleven feet in thickness, 
must have been easily defended in lawless days, when Roches, Barretts, 

(0 Dermot McMorogh's history needs no recapitulation, but there is a curious 
description of his personal appearance yet extant. He was very tall, and extremely 
stout in proportion, "a valiant warrior, and by reason of his continual hallowing and 
crying his voice was hoarse. He rather chose to be feared than loved, was a great 
oppressor of his nobility, but a great advancer of the weak and meaner sort. To his 
own people he would be rough and grievous, and hateful to all strangers. He would 
be against all men, and all mankind against him." — " Memoirs Earls of Desmond," 
Windele MSS. Royal Irish Academy. 


O'Sullivans, McCarthys, and Geraldines could at any moment ride forth 
to harry an entire country side at their own sweet will and pleasured 

In the fourteenth century Emmeline, widow of Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice 
of the Geraldines, held this castle of Inchiquin as her dower for thirty-six 
years. There stood beside the fortress a wooden building, in which were 
two rooms and a kitchen and bakehouse, with a thatched roof, that did 
not, however, shelter the oven. A court-yard, a stable, and two gardens, 
valued annually at two and sixpence, comprised the immediate demesne, 
while with the village for the serfs were also " six plowlands, meadows 
pastures, groves, woods, mills with their courses, river streams, weares, 
and fishing," (3) all of which constituted a fine estate for a widow of the 
Geraldine house. The Lady Emmeline we have just mentioned, who 
was heiress of Stephen de Longspee, had also the privilege of presenta- 
tion to the village church, and her jointure was assessed at £60 9s. 3d., a 
pound of wax, and a pound of cummin. She seems also to have been a 
good woman of business, looking keenly after her rights, as she sued the 
vicar of Youghal, who had forgotten to pay her his rent. Inchiquin 
Castle is in the barony of Imokilly, which from its name, signifying 
" woody land," was once covered with a forest as far as the sea, until the 
trees being cut down and the soil brought under cultivation, the barony 
grew fertile enough to be called the granary of Cork. (4) 

After Lady Emmeline's death the manor of Inchiquin passed out of 
the possession of the Geraldines until 1370, at which period it became the 
property of the Earl of Ormonde, to whom Henry V. granted part of the 
revenues of the barony of Imokilly. It is supposed when the seventh 
Earl of Desmond, known as " James the Usurper," was appointed 
seneschal of Imokilly, Inchiquin, and Youghal, by his kinsman Ormonde, 
then Viceroy of Ireland, that the castle once more reverted to the 
immense estate belonging to the line of Desmond, and it is probable that 
it was again set aside as the dower of the widowed countesses. 

Silent as to the lives of many of these ladies, history, however, singles 
out one, who, on account of a life extending beyond a century, is known 
emphatically as the Old Countess of Desmond. She was the eldest 
daughter of Sir John Fitzgerald Lord Decies, whose father, as the second 
son of the usurping Earl of Desmond, had been given the lordship of 
Decies in Waterford as his patrimony. To his castle of Dromana, 
situated on a high cliff over the Blackwater, John Lord Decies brought 

(2) Mr. Windele thought the castle was built in a circular shape in order to afford 
greater resistance to the weather. The side next the river has disappeared as well as 
the floors and roof, and there are no remains left of outworks. 

(3) Deed of assignment by Old Countess. See Inquiry; R. Sainthill. 

(4) Ancient and Present State of Youghal ; T. Lord. 


his wife, Ellen, a daughter of the White Knight, who was chief of the 
Fitzgibbon Geraldincs. Sir Bernard Burke, who accepts the various 
legends that at one time passed as the real history of the Old Countess, 
says she was born in 1464, though it seems much more probable that her 
birth occurred at a much later date — let us say about 1494, which would 
bring her age at the time of her death within the far more credible 
limit of a hundred and ten years instead of the mythical hundred 
and forty so often ascribed to her. No particulars are extant respect- 
ing the childhood of Katherine Fitzgerald of Decies, although some 
chroniclers maintain that she was a maid of honour at the court of 
Edward IV., was married there at the end of his reign, and danced with 
Richard III., then Duke of Gloucester. But the fact of her brother 
Gerald Lord Decies only speaking Gaelic, like most of the Anglo- 
Irish barons at that period, may fairly lead us to infer that his sister 
never quitted the precincts of Dromana until her marriage, which may 
have taken place about 15 14, if not sooner, to her very elderly relative, 
Sir Thomas Fitzgerald of Desmond, who must have been nearly if not 
sixty years of age, allowing that he was ten years old when his father, 
the eighth earl, was beheaded at Drogheda in 1464. 

During the War of the Roses the Geraldincs were by no means idle, 
and they flocked to England in order to have their share of battles, forays, 
marches, and excursions, all dear to their adventurous spirit, leaving their 
territories to the tender mercies of Irish septs, who did not hesitate to 
profit by the opportunity temptingly held forth to them. The Earl of 
Desmond, who, during the viceroyalty of the Duke of York, had been 
godfather to one of the Lord Deputy's sons born at Dublin Castle, was 
an ardent partisan of the White Rose, and he did much service in placing 
Edward IV. upon the throne of Henry VI. From the time of the earl's 
unjust execution at Drogheda (to gratify the malice of Elizabeth 
Woodvillc, who never forgave his disapproval of her marriage to 
Edward IV.), his sons, notwithstanding the king's attempts at repara- 
tion, remained more or less in a condition of quiescent insubordination 
when not in open rebellion.* 5 ) The earl's third son, Thomas, appears to 
have been especially unruly, and from an early age he was familiar with 
the use of arms, joining his elder brothers as soon as he was able to couch 
lance and wield sword in their " wild justice of revenge." Thomas Fitz- 
gerald was not less lawless in his private life, to judge by his conduct to 
his wile Gylis, or Ellen, Xy daughter; Cormyk, whose father, Cormyk 
Oge Carthy, was lord of Muskerry. 

(5) The " Unpublished Geraldine Documents" say that at the eighth earl's execu- 
tion he left "five brave sons, who took it very tragically and impatiently, and with 
banners displayed sought revenge." — Earls of Desmond, part i. ; Russell's relation. 


Although the Geraldine had one son by his Irish wife, yet he con- 
trived on some pretext to have their marriage annulled, and there is an 
old lease by which, in 1505, the Earl of Kildare granted a house to this 
unfortunate lady. (6) 

The Geraldines of Desmond having connections in England, Thomas 
Fitzgerald, who could speak English as well as Irish, may sometimes 
have gone over to that country, though there is no mention of it in the 
Chronicles. He was described as being a very brave and fortunate 
leader, and he took part in nine pitched battles. Although divorced 
from his first wife, he aided her relations against his nephew, the Earl of 
Desmond, whom he hated, and by a charge of his cavalry he routed his 
youthful chief, who fled leaving a thousand men on the battlefield 
between Cork and Mallow ; but at a later date Sir Thomas Fitzgerald 
turned against his allies, and to his great satisfaction killed his erewhile 
father-in-law and brother-in-law, both Lords of Muskerry. 

This savage and quarrelsome Geraldine usually went by the name 
of Maol Calvus, or the "bald knight." As his marriage to his cousin, 
Katherine Fitzgerald of Dromana, was never called in question, it may 
be assumed that care was taken on this occasion to procure a proper 
dispensation. He may have taught her to speak English, and the 
extraordinary tales concerning the good looks of Richard III., and the 
absence of the traditional hump, may have been related to her either by 
her husband or by one of the ladies of his family. 

Sir Thomas Fitzgerald had only one daughter by his second wife, 
and it was not until the death of his nephew, the eleventh earl, without 
heirs, in 1529, that the old " bald knight" became the chief of his house 

(6) The "Black Death" that in the Middle Ages swept thousands from this world did 
spare the clergy, so that their successors had not their example nor their teaching to 
carry out the discipline of the Church. This, combined with the disorganised state of 
society from feuds and civil wars, caused many abuses to creep in, among which was 
the facility with which the rude chiefs and nobles could find pretexts for the repudia- 
tion of their wives, generally on the ground of forbidden degrees of kindred, which in 
those days went as far as the seventh degree. The number of people whose birth was 
stigmatized became very great, and the disruption of sacred family ties was productive 
of much confusion and discord, especially in noble families like that of the Geraldines, 
where such reprehensible practices caused serious disturbances and feuds, to say 
nothing of the angry ladies deprived of their rights, having "recourse to witches to 
afflict former husbands with personal calamity." There was an attempt made by 
Cardinal Wolsey to remedy this state of affairs by the introduction of bulls of dispensa- 
tion that should regulate these irregular marriages, but he was told that " they went 
off but slowly. The Englishry were either too poor to buy them or got them by Rome 
runners (pilgrims gy.), while the Irishry did not seek for them, and were apt to rob and 
murder messengers sent into their countries." So wild were the times that it was not 
uncommon to have forgeries of Papal dispensations, which could, of course, be set 
aside as invalid on the first opportunity, and it is said that a rude die was found in 
some ruined abbey near Waterford, and another was fished out of the Thames by a 
dredger, which seems to have been used to impress the Papal seal on these spurious 
documents. See Quarterly Review, 1853. 


at the age of seventy-six. He resided principally with his countess at 
Inchiquin Castle, near Youghal, where it is said that Earl Thomas Maol 
was so distrustful of strangers approaching his residence being either 
spies or wizards, that he generally provided unlucky wayfarers with a 
halter outside the castle wall instead of a meal and bed, which was 
economical in those days of lavish hospitality, and which also served as 
a warning " for the likes on them to keep at a safer distance if they 
valued their necks." 

The earl, his wife and their household lived precisely in the same 
uncivilized fashion observed by the Irish chiefs, and they also thought 
nothing of visiting with a large retinue the monasteries or the houses of 
their vassals, while their servants and horses would be at free quarters 
upon the neighbouring farmers ; and, as was remarked in an old report, 
they would live "in this manner in other men's houses more than half the 
year by this wild Irish custom of extortion, and spare their own houses." 
But this "wild Irish Gustom " had originally, as "coign and livery," been 
invented by Thomas Maol's ancestor, the first Earl of Desmond. 

Earl Thomas's son by his first wife having died of the plague at 
Jerpoint Abbey, he sent his grandson (now his heir) to the English 
court, partly as a hostage for his loyalty, and partly for the sake of his 
education in the royal household, whence the youth was scornfully 
named " the Court Page " by disloyal Geraldines. In reply to the earl's 
profuse asseverations of submission, Henry VIII. confirmed him in his 
title, and his oath of allegiance was taken at Waterford before Sir William 
Skeffington, the Commissioner of the Privy Council. A certain amount 
of goodwill always existed between the Kildare and Desmond branches 
of Geraldine/ 7) and in the rebellion of" Silken Thomas," (s) Desmond took 
no decided part against his youthful kinsman, although the brothers of 
Archbishop Allen, murdered by " Silken Thomas," wrote to one of their 
brethren, Warden Allen of Youghal, that the Earl of Kildare's son 
" makes all that ever he can to obtain my Lord of Desmond's goodwill 
and as yet we do our best to keep him from his purpose, and shall do 
with God's grace." When Lord Ophally (" Silken Thomas") heard in a 
curiously roundabout wayk) the report of his father's execution at the 

(7) " The Earls of Desmond and other lords will not attend Parliament nor the 
Council, nor aid the Deputy, unless the Earl of Kildare hold that office." — " Report on 
State of Ireland to Henry VIII.," History of Earl s of Kildare. 

(S) Lord Ophally, son of the Earl of Kildare, obtained this sobriquet from the silk 
banners borne by his standard-bearers. 

( ■'> The news was found out accidentally by a Geraldine, who, having lodged at a 
priest's house, picked up in the morning a piece of paper to draw on his tight stockings. 
At night, noticing the bit of paper still inside his stocking, he examined it, and finding 
it contained such bad news concerning his chiefs he instantly rode off with it to give 
warning to a friend of " Silken Thomas." 


Tower of London, and of his own impending arrest, his resolution to 
.rebel against the English Government was strongly opposed by his 
father's oldest and warmest friend, the " bald earl " of Desmond ; who, 
however, must have connived at much of the prevailing disturbances in 
1534, when Henry VIII. commanded the Earl of Ossory to subdue the 
Earl of Desmond, who " has broken all his oaths of allegiance and 
obedience, and has not reduced his subjects to good order." (lo > But the 
days of his long and turbulent career were nearly spent, and in this year, 
aged eighty , (ll) Thomas Maol Calvus died, and was buried in the Fran- 
ciscan church at Youghal, with most of his ancestors. To the end of his 
life the earl was a fierce and grasping man, by the following account 
given in the State Papers — " The Earl of Desmond and his kinsmen 
and servants within four shires of Limerick, Cork, Kerry and Waterford 
have all the king's manors and castles. Your Grace has not one groat 
of yearly profit or revenue. The Earl of Desmond has subdued all your 
Lords of Parliament, and none of your laws are observed." 

The Lady Katherine, his widow, now entered upon her jointure of 
Inchiquin Castle, (l2) which was destined to be her property for the extra- 
ordinary term of seventy years. Here also she resided, no longer we hope 
permitting wayfarers " to dangle in halter" from her walls, but performing 
whatever charitable deeds that came in her way, spending much of her 
time at her spinning-wheel, and superintending her maids at their house- 
hold work, as was customary among noble ladies. In 1542 she must have 
been alarmed by the news of the murder in ambush of the " Court Page" 
Earl of Desmond, her husband's grandson, whose right to the title, on the 
usual ground of the illegality of his father's marriage to a cousin, had 
been disputed by the sons of his granduncle, John, the last surviving 
brother-in-law of the Old Countess. The cruel murder of the young 
earl was the deed of Sir Maurice Duff, or the " Black Geraldine " (so 
called from his swarthy complexion), whose ambitious and savage 
temper was so detested by his own family that when his eldest brother 
acquired the sequestrated earldom from Henry VIII., he prudently 
settled the barony of Kerrycurrihy upon Maurice Duff, " so that he 
might not want bread;" and he also refused steadily all intercourse, which 
appears to have wounded the little brotherly feeling existing in the 
breast of Maurice, who considered that a very poor return had been 
made to him for his effort to aggrandize his branch of the family. 
Being " a man without faith or truth, cruel, severe, and merciless," 

(10) State Papers for Ireland. 

(") History of the Geraldines ; Father Dominic O'Daly, o.p. 

( 12 )A photographic illustration of remains of this castle given on page 155, vol. L, 
1st series of Journal. 


Sir Maurice Duff was rather gratified that his estate should be in the 
neighbourhood of his greatest enemies, the McCarthys, where his 
brother deemed that " he might have enough to do with and between 
them, that he might not have or enjoy leisure to practise any mischief 
against him " (the carl). For thirty years Sir Maurice " held play against 
all those that did oppose him," of whom there were many, until in his 
eightieth year he was slain in Muskerry by the horsemen of his son-in- 
law, Sir Dermod McCarthy/^) The Old Countess of Desmond was left 
unmolested by the members of the new line until 15 15, when she 
emerged from the obscurity of her life, and made a deed of assignment 
by which she declared that " for good considerations me moving I have 
given, granted, and surrendered the said castle and town of Inchiquine 
to the Right Honorable Gerrot Earl of Desmond, now enjoying reversion 
of the premises." Mr. Sainthill wrote, that this being in reality an 
attempt to save the estate for the earl should he come to grief with the 
government, he in turn assigned it pro forma to some adherent of his 
party, a Mr. John Synotte, though the Old Countess continued to live at 
Inchiquin as usual. The earl being a rebel at that period, when the 
act of his attainder was passed, this arrangement was ignored by the 
English government, who granted the manor of Inchiquin to Sir Walter 
Raleigh, subject to the life-charge of the Countess Katherine, she having 
been in enjoyment of her jointure long before Garrett came to the 
earldom of Desmond. 

Sir Walter Raleigh, who was acquainted with the Old Countess, 
never interfered with her rights of ownership, and as she must have been 
over ninety years in 1589, her great age naturally attracted his attention. 
Regarding Sir Walter's celebrated statement that the Old Countess was 
married in the reign of Edward IV., might there not easily have been a 
clerical error in this assertion ? There was an Edward VI. as well as an 
Edward IV., and the Old Countess did certainly hold her jointure not 
only from the Earl of Desmond in Edward VI. 's reign, but also from 
those living during the lifetime of his father, Henry VIII., from 1534. 
Should this be really the meaning of the passage in Raleigh's History of 
the World, it would tend much to clear up the disputed question con- 
cerning the age of the Old Countess. Moreover, when the advanced 
age of ninety is reached, people's brains are not quite as acute as they 
were formerly, and the old lady, living in a remote part of Ireland (where 

(»3)The son of this Maurice was the celebrated James Fitzmaurice, who assistes 
the sixteenth Earl Garrett in all his rebellions against Queen Elizabeth ; and his 
Father's conduct in murdering the "court page" earl was " the first steppe to the 
overthrow of this honourable house of Desmond — God in revenge thereof of his justice 
not leaving one of the race of Sir John or of Sir Maurice alive upon the face of the 
earth." — "Earls of Desmond," part i., Unpublished Geraldine Documents. 


there is nothing to prove that she ever left it), may have in her conver- 
sations with Sir Walter Raleigh confused Edward VI. with Edward IV., 
of whom she must have heard a good deal from her husband's family, 
who belonged to the Yorkist faction. 

The Earl of Leicester's account of the Old Countess appearing at 
Queen Elizabeth's court to beg for means of subsistence may be 
considered as a pure fiction in face of two leases drawn up by Sir Walter 
Raleigh, where he recognizes her prior claim by saying that " the rent 
was to be doubled, and a light horseman and equipments provided for 
Sir Walter's use, after the death of ye Ladie Cattelyn Ould Countess 
Dowager of Desmond, widdowe," which proves that she could not have 
been reduced to penury by the attainder of Earl Garrett. It would be a 
romance nearer to truth to picture the learned Sir Walter Raleigh, in 
the intervals of planting cherry trees, tobacco and potatoes in his garden, 
or attending to the municipal affairs of Youghal as its mayor, occasion- 
ally riding over to Inchiquin Castle, or perchance meeting the active old 
Countess on her weekly walks to Youghal, and conversing with her on 
tales of the past. We can imagine the gallant fair-haired knight of 
Elizabeth's court, with keen and sagacious mien, exercising all his 
powers of entertainment in order to acquire more information from the 
aged lady, whose long span of life he expressly notices, although he 
nowhere mentions the precise number of her years. No doubt he told 
her stories of his voyages to America, and may have presented her with 
potatoes and cherries, then a complete novelty in Ireland ; even, perhaps, 
going so far as to show her how soothing and pleasant a pastime was 
the smoking of tobacco. Garrulous, as the old usually are, the dowager 
on her side may have rather enjoyed Sir Walter's visits, and may have 
disclosed for his benefit many an old Geraldine legend and tale, and 
much antiquated gossip concerning the whole country side between 
Inchiquin and her birthplace, Dromana. 

Her very numerous portraits in Ireland and England may also be 
dismissed as apocryphal, for in the great rebellion and subsequent ruin 
of the Geraldines it was most unlikely that Dutch painters would seek 
employment in a country where the sword was in greater request than a 
paint brush, and where no one could hardly be certain of his life for 
twenty-four hours. The absurd story repeated as hearsay by wise 
Lord Keeper Bacon respecting the Old Countess cutting new teeth in 
extreme age is also to be disposed of, by the fact that the gums of old 
people sometimes shrivel and shrink away, thus disclosing the stumps of 
teeth that have disappeared through decay/' !) 

(m) Notes and Queries, vol. iv. 



Finally, in 1604, when James, son of ill-fated Mary Stuart, wore the 
united diadem of Great Britain, the Old Countess of Desmond died, 
probably at the age of one hundred and ten years, and was interred 
with her husband at Youghal after seventy years of widowhood, which 
was really the remarkable fact of her life. As to her great age there 
need not be so much surprise, as to this day we hear of persons who 
have passed their hundredth year, and even more, chiefly among poor 
people, whose hardy existence has prolonged vitality. The ridiculous 
legends of the Old Countess's death being hastened by feats of activity, 
perfectly impossible to a centenarian, need no further notice. 

The wife of an Anglo-Irish lord, who was owner of a hundred and 
fifty miles of territory, extending from Waterford to the sea shore of the 
County Palatine of Kerry, and who was able to bring an army of his 
dependents into the field, flouting the English government at will and 
pleasure, Katherine Countess of Desmond lived to witness the disappear- 
ance of all this wealth and power. The day of reckoning for many a cruel 
and unjust deed, for unbridled arrogance, and reckless disregard of divine 
and human law, came at last in the downfall of a haughty race, whose 
cradle was rocked within the walls of Republican Florence, whose 
history came to be part of the chronicles of a northern island, over 
which in " the light of other days " it cast its wild glamour of warfare, 
feud, or romantic legend, all telling of the prowess, the hatreds, or the 
loves of the Southern Geraldines. 

5outerrain at peelish, County Corl^. 

By II. F. WEBB GILLMAN, I.C.S., Member. 

X the southern part of the townland of Deelish, parish 
of Ahabullogue, and immediately to the north of 
Leades House, the seat of Captain F. W. Woodley 
(whose youngest son was a most efficient guide), there 
exists a souterrain in the corner of a field, containing 
an entrance passage and two chambers, as will be 
described presently. It is worthy of note in that it 
does not appear to be connected with a rath, there being no trace of 
circumvallation about or close to it. In construction also this souterrain 
is different from the underground passages usually found in raths in the 
south-west of Ireland. Smith (,) describes the latter passages as " vaults 

0> Hist. Cork, book iv., chap. 10. 


or cavities, which generally run spirally for two or three turns, and 
terminate in a small square room in the centre." Those that I know of, 
however, consist usually of a straight, or in rare instances zigzag, passage 
large enough to admit a man in a stooping posture, which ends some- 
times in a atl-dc-sac, sometimes in a transverse terminal chamber. 

View of Opening into the Entrance Passage 
of the deelish souterrain. 

The so7iterrain in question, differing from these, is of the shape and 
dimensions shown in the accompanying plan. The entrance passage 
faces south by a point west, and admission to it is gained by an opening 
of which a view is given above. This opening is two feet in height, and 
is surmounted by a rough stone lintel, two feet four inches long. The 
entrance passage itself is seven feet in length, and is nearly rectangular 
in shape, being two feet nine inches broad on the average. The floor 


I S 


slopes down by three steps to another opening admitting to the first 
chamber, and is continued level beyond the last step. The sides of the 
passage are lined with uncemented stones, and the roof is composed of 
four rough stone slabs laid horizontally, the outer one of which is the 
lintel mentioned above. The roof is covered with a thin sod of «reen 




-Sco.&. - 

-of. ./« 


Ground Plan of Souterraix in Townland of Deeush, Parish Aghabullogue, 

County Cork. 

turf, and is about half-a-foot above the level of the field around. The 
under surface of the roofing stones is four feet nine inches above the 
bottom of the floor and of the opening leading to the first chamber. 
This latter opening is situated in the middle of the east side of the pas- 
sage, and at the bottom of the last step. It is rectangular in shape, and 
barely sufficient to admit an adult lying fiat to creep in, its height being 
one foot three inches, and breadth one foot six inches. It is roofed over 


by a flat stone, supported at the sides by two others, one foot nine inches 
long, placed on edge. 

The first chamber into which this opening leads slopes slightly 
downwards, and runs almost due east and west. It is shaped like a 
half-egg, cut along its long axis. Its length is nine feet, the greatest 
breadth is six feet, and its height in the centre three feet six inches. 
The top of the roof is two feet below the level of the ground of the field 
above. This chamber, like the similar one beyond it, has the appearance 
of having been excavated out of the hard clay. There is no stonework 
in the flooring or roof, but, judging from the quantity of stones lying 
strewn about, it is quite possible that there was a stone lining of some 
sort when the chambers were in use. 

The second chamber is to the south of the first, and about a foot 
lower in level. The communication between them is a passage or 
opening, similar to that described above, one foot six inches in length 
by two feet broad, and one foot nine inches high. This passage is not 
now faced with stone, but it probably was so at no very ancient date, 
as large stones just suited for the purpose were found lying in 
the second chamber. This second chamber is slightly longer than the 
first, its length being ten feet six inches, and breadth six feet. It is 
three feet six inches high in the highest part, and is, like the first, 
semi-ovoid in shape. 

In regard to " caves," as they are locally termed, of this kind, there 
generally exists a belief in a passage leading from them somewhere else. 
In the present case there is a tradition in the neighbourhood of an 
underground passage leading northward from the first chamber to a 
rath situated about a quarter of a mile off in the townland of Laharan ; 
but after careful search on two separate visits, the first being made in 
company with Mr. Joseph H. Bennett, we were satisfied that no such 
passage exists, and that the chambers already described comprise the 
whole of the sonterrain. 

For an account of a similar work I would refer to Smith's descrip- 
tion^ of "some caverns" discovered near Rosscarbery cathedral. He 
says — " By descending, several oval chambers were discovered, being 
mostly twelve feet long and six broad, having long, narrow passages 
leading from one to the other. These passages were but eighteen inches 
broad and three feet high, so that it was necessary to creep from cell to 
cell. . . . The roof of each cell consisted of a Gothic arch formed of 
a stiff clay, from the centre of which to the ground it was no more than 
five feet two inches high ; the walls were made of stone, smoothly 

( 2 ) Book iv., chap, io, quoted supra. 



plaistered, and the whole lined with soot, so that fires had been made in 
them." Smith appears to have accepted the tradition that these caves 
were the abodes of the Firbolgs, or cave-dwellers. Opinions on this 
point seem, however, to be divided, some maintaining that they were 
used as hiding-places in times- of danger, and others that they were 
storehouses or granaries. 

Tacitus in his Germania^ describes similar structures thus : — " They 
also dig subterranean caves, and cover them over with a great quantity 
of dung. These they use as winter retreats and granaries, for the severity 
6f the cold is mitigated in them ; and upon an invasion, when the open 
country is plundered, these recesses remain undiscovered, either because 
the enemy is ignorant of them, or because he will not trouble himself 
with the search." (4) I quote from the translation of John Aikin (1823), 
who refers in a note to similar caverns used by the Sarmations as winter 
refuges. In Hungary, at the present day, it is common to store corn in 
subterranean passages. 

May not the souterrain at Declish have been put to the uses 
mentioned by Tacitus? 

(3) Gcrmania, chap. 16. 

(4) Tacit us' text here is:—" Abdita aulem ctdcfossa aid ignorantur y auleo ipso fallutit^ 
quod quccrenda sunt" i.e. being hidden and dug downwards they are either undis- 
covered, or escape notice by the very fact that they have to be sought for. 

0\e polk~£ore of the jMor\ths. 


PRIL, in Irish 2!h|i4(>ij. The first of tin's month is 
universally known as " All Fools' Day," but why the 
name or whence the custom of " fooling " people 
originated I have not been able to ascertain. Up to 
recent times the custom prevailed of " raising a laugh " 
at some simple-minded person's expense by giving 
him a letter, which he was told was of an urgent 
nature, addressed to some personal friend of the sender's. When 
delivered, the enclosed note merely bore the legend, " Send the fool 
farther," which advice was religiously adhered to, for the addressee merely 
put this missive into another envelope, and having addressed it to 
another friend some few miles further on, and having told the guileless 


messenger that it was a most important matter which was confided to 
his care, set him again on his fool's errand. This practice has been hit 
off, in his own inimitable style, by Gerald Griffin in one of his minor tales 

It is in April the cuckoo, swallow and corncrake arrive, and it is the 
custom when one first hears the cuckoo or corncrake, or sees a swallow, 
to say — " 3o nj4UiiTij]T> beo A]i 41) 4Trjf4 4fij|\ Slnjerj," which is translated 
as " May we all be alive and in God's grace this time next year. Amen," 
or literally, " My we all be alive this time again. Amen." If one hears 
the cuckoo from behind, and in the right ear, and also finds some hairs 
(at the same time) under his right foot, such a one will be lucky for that 
year. If the cuckoo is first heard in the left ear it is an unlucky sign. 

Should the sowing of oats be deferred from any cause until the 
coming of the cuckoo, such sowing is invariably known as " cuckoo 
oats," and is thus designated to mark the laziness of that particular 

It is in April Easter generally falls, and this brings in Eastertide 
customs here. On Good Friday it is the invariable custom for all the 
members of the household to go, in turns, to the nearest graveyard, and 
there offer up a round of their rosary beads " for the eternal repose of 
the souls of the faithful departed unto Christ, but more especially for their 
own nearest and dearest friends." As a matter of course, Good Friday, 
like Ash Wednesday, is kept as a black fast, but I never heard of this 
pious custom on Good Friday being carried out at any other festival 

The tradition that the sun, at its rising, dances on Easter Sunday is 
universal. In former times it is told that the people, after their breakfast 
of Easter eggs, decorated the trees with the shells, as blossoms, in honour 
of the occasion. There is a small townland in the parish of Kilbolane, 
in Orrery and Kilmore barony, which is said to derive its name of 
Ballynablay (B4jle-r)4-bl4t, i.e. " The town of the Blossoms," and now 
sometimes written " Blossomville,") from this custom. Ballynablay 
townland is now merged in that of Gortnagoul — oofuc r]4 54b4l, i.e. " The 
field or garden at the fork " of the Deel river. 

Holy Week also brings in the (folk-lore) history < j) of the Daire Daol 
(the forfecula oleus), one of the coleoptera. When the Saviour of 

( J ) From the annexed newspaper cutting it would seem that this folk-lore history of 
the daire daol prevails in a slightly modified form in the extreme north of Scotland : — 

" A Curious Legend. — The boys of Sutherland will never allow a beetle to escape 
them ; they stamp on the insect and cry — ' Beetle, beetle, you won't see to-morrow.' 
The practice is, without doubt, connected with a legend which may be heard in the 
counties — a legend of special interest as a type of those curious Scottish stories 
wherein New Testament history and modern realism are interblent. Here it is : — 
As they fled into Egypt, Joseph and Mary and the child Christ passed through a field 
where men scattered corn seeds. The Virgin said to the men, ' Should any ask of 


mankind was fleeing from the Jews in Holy Week He passed through 
an orchard, which immediately blossomed, and next through a field in 
which the tillers were engaged sowing corn. On the morrow all those 
apple trees were laden with ripe golden fruit, while the corn which was 
sown yesterday had grown up and ripened, and was now fit for the 
sickle. Thereupon the farmer gathered a crowd to cut it down, who 
took with them a basket of the ripe apples to quench their thirst while 
engaged reaping. While thus engaged, a large crowd of Jews, with 
Judas Iscariot at their head, came that way and enquired whether the 
reapers saw not a young Man of extraordinarily prepossessing appear- 
ance pass by ? The reapers well knew who was sought, and for what 
purpose, but wishing to shield our Lord, the captain of that mithil raised 
his right hand on high, and solemnly declared that " not since these 
apples were in blossom, and also not since this corn, now cutting, was 
sown, did such a Man pass that way." Thereupon a daire daol con- 
cealed in the basket of apples raised its head, and, speaking in Irish, 
interjected, '"2l5Uf 4T34 f-e 4ti4e," i.e. "And that was yesterday." This 
gave the clue to the Jews, who were on the point of turning back, 
and they followed up the trail and discovered our Lord, and arrested 
Him. As for the captain of those reapers, he, enraged at finding his ruse 
for the relief of a foully-wronged Man foiled, and by the beetle, raised 
his sickle and struck the daol on the back, instantly breaking it ; and 
ever since, when one kills a daire daol (which indeed is whenever and 
wherever it is met with), it gives out a perfume like that of a ripe apple. 
Also, whenever the daire daol meets a Christian, it always stops and 
cocks up its tail, which is full of poison. Whosoever kills a daire daol 
will relieve himself of a deadly sin ; but to gain this end he will have to 
kill it either with the large toe-nail of the right foot, or else with the 
thumb-nail of the right hand. As the daire daol is believed to be " full 
of poison," and that a sting from its tail or a bite of its forceps is equally 
fatal, very few have sufficient courage to kill it in the orthodox fashion, 
but merely content themselves with stoning it to death. 

This disgust and hatred for the daire daol appears to be of ancient 
date, for we are told in The Proceedings of the Great Bardic Institution 
that when Dalian Forguil, at the instigation of Hugh the fair, king of 

you it" we have journeyed this way, make answer — a man, a woman and a child crossed 
the field as we sowed the corn.' That (light the grain sprouted, grew rapidly, and 
ripened, so that next day the labourers brought their sickles and began to nap it. 
Now a band of soldiers came and questioned them — ' Have you seen a mother and 
child on an ass, with a man leading it, go this way V * The men replied — 'As we 
sowed the corn which we now reap, they passed.' When they heard these words, the 
messengers of the king were about to turn back ; but a black beetle cried aloud — 
' Yesterday, yesterday, the corn was sown, and the Son of God passed through the 
field.' " — Scottis/i Review. 


Breffny, satirized the King of Oirgiall, as the latter would not give the 
poet his wondrous working shield (the Duibh-Gilla), Dalian thus com- 
pared the King of Oirgiall to a" daire daol : — 

21 4)}iBe jn "oujb -Duel, 
21 4jibj]ie 4 21ej'6. 

Translated — 

" Thou disgusting black daol, 
Thou art more disgusting, O Hugh." — 
Vide Transactions of the Ossianic Society, vol. v., pp. 26-7. 

Mananaan Mac Lir. 

( To be continued.) 

County CorK Celebrities. 


F the many rural celebrities alike amusing and eccentric, albeit harmless in 
their ways, to be so frequently met with throughout our county, there is none 
known to the writer to possess a story of such surpassing interest, origin 
ality, and variety as the hero of this chapter, who by way of introduction 
may here be described as a veritable "Jack of all trades." John Roche, 
familiarly known in his own locality as "Johnny Roche," was born early in the present 
century at Wallstown, near Mallow, and during his boyhood was engaged in the 
ordinary duties connected with the management of his parental acres, when he gave 
evidence of the natural taste for the working of various handicrafts that afterwards 
evinced itself so conspicuously. Although he received (if any) but a very rudimentary 
education, and never served an apprenticeship to any particular trade, he seemed at an 
early age to have been principally engaged in the joint business of carpenter and 
blacksmith at his father's home. There he continued with much assiduity to turn out 
all manner of useful work until the commencement of the 'forties, when, allured by the 
charms of a neighbouring farmer's daughter, he quitted his workshop, entered the holy 
bonds of wedlock, and eventually sailed with his wife for America, where the pair lived 
together for a brief period and then separated, to meet no more during the course of 
their long lives. Johnny was much affected by the unexpected developments of his 
married life ; he travelled through many parts of the great Western Continent, and in 
his wanderings acquired much experience and knowledge of the ways and works of 
man. Unsettled and romantic — Bohemian if you will — as was his natural disposition, 
he returned again after an interval of three years to his old home, and there 

" . . . Amongst the cooly shade 
Of the green alders by the Mulla's shore " — 

during the remainder of his days he continued to exercise his marvellous genius, to the 
delight and amusement of some, and to the wonder and amazement of others. Soon 



after his arrival from America he erected a mill that served for a variety of useful 
purposes. It was first utilised for preparing wool and homespun flannels, an industry 
then common throughout the south of Ireland; next for sawing timber, and after some 
time again the additional duty was imposed on it of sawing flags that were intended to 
supply the local graveyards with tombstones. This latter innovation created quite a 
sensation, and aroused the attention of his neighbours to such an extent that one of 
those mischievous wags in whom the locality abounded scribbled on the mill door the 
following uncomplimentary lines — 

" This is another of Roche's toys, 

That does little work, but makes great noise." 

Johnny Roche. 

This caustic couplet so nettled Johnny that the humane but noisy project was soon 
afterwards completely abandoned. The mill was then fitted up with the necessary 
appliances for grinding corn, and thus it remained until Johnny's death, when opera- 
tions were suspended in it. To erect this, and subsequently get it into working order, 
occasioned Johnny mucb trouble. Stones had to be quarried and conveyed to the site; 
lime and sand for mortar had to be procured ; while a roof, a door and jambs, windows 
and window frames, inside fixtures, and a most powerful wheel which set the 
machinery of the whole concern in motion, were all constructed by him, as well as a 
weir and mill race with the necessary floodgate. 

In the course of some time, probably about the summer of 1847, he laid the founda- 
tion of a castle that is accounted to be his great masterpiece of handicraft. This he 



intended should serve as his residence and workshop during life, and afterwards as a 
monument to associate his name with fame and future ages, when all other minor 
recollections of him had vanished in the mist of time. It is located quite close to the 
mill on the south bank of the Avvbeg, a short distance from the village of Shanbally- 
more, about three miles below Doneraile and about the same distance from Castle- 
townroche, which is situate lower down the stream. It has been not inaptly, although 
it may be facetiously, ycleped " Castle Curious," and of a verity is one of the most 
stately and picturesque of the many historic edifices that adorn the banks of the 
" Shiny Mulla" from its source in " old father Mole " to its junction beneath the 
venerable walls of Bridgetown Abbey with that noble flood the Blackwater. 

The plan of the castle is made up of a rectangle twelve feet by seventeen feet, to 
each side of which is added a semicircle of seven feet six inches radius, which 
represents an addition at each side of the main portion of the building, in the shape of 
a semi-tower. These circular structures project very much at the base and gradually 
incline inwards as they approach the top, where they end in two turrets that add an 
air of feudal grandeur and importance to the entire fabric. On one of these turrets a 
staff is still to be seen, whereon floated a flag which, instead of bearing the national 
emblem as anyone may reasonably suppose, displayed the effigy of a flying angel. 
The castle measures twenty-seven feet long, seventeen feet broad, and forty-five feet 
high, and is lighted by thirteen windows, each about two feet six inches high and one 
foot six inches wide, in the construction of which a wealth of design is exhibited, 
some being arched while others are spanned with a stone lintel placed horizontally, 
the weight on which in a few instances is relieved by an arch, an architectural feature 
observable in many of our earliest buildings. In addition to these windows the two 
turrets are each lighted by three circular openings, about three feet in diameter, which 
appear in contrast to the others rather quaint and novel. The ground floor was 
divided into three apartments ; one was used as a smithy, another as a general work- 
shop, and the third does not appear to have been devoted to any special purpose. 
The fireplace is situate at the southern end of the castle, and the flue is 
brought up through the outer wall to the top of the turret, where it terminates in the 
shape of a baluster, while a doorway, with a massive panelled door, occupies the 
northern end. This doorway is of the usual height ; its timber jambs are wrought 
with curious ornaments, and is lighted overhead by a semi-circular fanlight, fifteen 
inches high. There are three stories in the building, and as they are of such an 
intricate construction, each forming various apartments, nooks and corners separated 
by cross walls, pierced with arched openings, a detailed description of them would 
lead but to confusion, and for all practical purposes is here unnecessary. A staircase 
leads from the ground floor to the point where the southern turret rises above the roof 
of the main building, and as there was no internal means of access to the tops of the 
turrets, the assistance of a ladder was always resorted to whenever the occupier 
ascended them, which he very frequently did for the purpose of surveying the sur- 
rounding country, or to divert himself in the somewhat peculiar pastime of loudly 
blowing a horn. The roof of the main building is vaulted, -and springs from a string 
course, on which a battlement of about three feet six inches high, connecting both 
turrets, rests ; it is carefully cemented on the exterior, and perfectly secure, the water 
being conveyed away by means of stone gargoyles. The erection of the entire 
structure occupied three summers, and when all the inconveniences and difficulties 
attending its construction are taken into account, it will be admitted that an amount of 
curious, toilsome work was accomplished within a short space of time. During this 
interval he sought not nor obtained the slightest assistance from aught human, and 



appeared all through to entertain a secret satisfaction — nay, even a selfish pleasure — 
in raising the necessary stones in an adjoining quarry, which he did with much 
difficulty, and afterwards conveying them to the scene of operation. The lime used 
was drawn in very small quantities from the town of Mallow, which is about six miles 
distant, by means of that slow and tedious conveyance an ass and cart, while the 
necessary sand was procured with no slight exertions from the bed of his own river. 
As the erection of the castle proceeded, the builder's labours increased ; a windlass 
had to be constructed for the purpose of raising building materials, and the utmost 
that could be hoisted at any one time would be about five or six stones, and alternately 
a correspondingly diminutive quantity of mortar. When these were utilized, fresh 
supplies had to be obtained, which obliged the builder to again descend and reload, 

Castle Curious" and Mill. 

{From a Photo by T. J. Rot 

and so an incessant journeying up and down was gone through before the day's labours 
were at an end. The castle is unadorned with mouldings or inscriptions of any sort, 
save in the exterior of the south wall, where, about three feet from the ground, is 
inserted a polished limestone resembling marble, bearing the simple inscription, in 
large, clear, and remarkably well-formed characters — 


This formerly acted as the keystone of a long archway or viaduct that at one time cut 
the steep declivity approaching the mill from the highroad. It was inserted quite 
recently in the castle by a friendly hand, and although now in a very proper place it 
has a slight drawback, inasmuch as it leaves the reader to infer that the castle, and 
not the archway, was constructed in the year indicated. The castle is uninhabited 
since the founder's death, and, as might be expected, is still in a fair state of preser- 
vation, although the framework of some of the windows has completely disappeared. 


In many of Johnny's works there is evidence of the attentive study he bestowed on 
his personal convenience ; for instance, we find an old well in the ground floor of the 
castle which he used for domestic and trade purposes. This well was supplied by 
means of an underground drain with a stream of water that flows from a rocky slope 
about twelve feet from the castle, and the surplus water was conveyed off in a sewer, 
portion of which may still be seen. A few yards from this latter fountain is the holy 
well of Wallstown, St. Bernard's Well. Pilgrims affected with various ailments have 
been known to resort thither from time immemorial, and, as is the prevailing practice 
at such places, have decorated the bushes overhanging the well with a variety of 
differently-hued ribbons, which gaudy display affords the visitor an index to the reputed 
sanctity of the waters beneath. At early morn Johnny would often behold beneath 
his window a motley congregation assembled round the well, and half annoyed at their 
constant presence, or dreading their pillaging, was wont to exclain in an audible tone, 
wherein familiarity breathed somewhat of contempt, " It won't leave a vagabond in the 
country but it will draw round my place ! " 

Poverty in his case was unquestionably the reward of genius. The mill was his 
only practical source of a scanty livelihood, and while it accomplished little more than 
keeping soul and body together he was contented and gay, and apparently considered 
wealth and his own welfare as matters only of minor importance. 

In the capacity of carpenter, blacksmith, miller, and mason, Johnny was competent 
to eke out an existence, but his genius knew no bounds, and always soared aloft in 
search of something new and unusual. His constant experiments in mechanics led 
him gradually on to be a self-existing institution. He constructed a machine for the 
purpose of threshing the corn that grew on the plot of land attached to his castle, that 
was worked by water power ; and were it not for the kindly interference of an admirer 
of his genius would have sown flax seed in his plot, with a view of producing a strong 
rope which he intended to fasten to a plough at one end, and to the machinery of his 
mill at the other, and so till his land by water power. This would certainly have been 
a novel experiment had it worked. 

In almost every craft his varied and inventive genius enabled him to succeed. He 
acted as his own butler, cook, and general attendant ; he was a skilful gardener and 
an excellent baker, while as a clothier he never experienced the absolute necessity of a 
tailor, as he was known to make his own clothes, and actually in his desire to excel at 
home manufacture, even in its most limited sense, constructed his coat buttons out of 
horn and leather, and always delighted in wearing boots and brogues of his own make. 
He was likewise experienced and successful in regulating the erring clocks for miles 
around his residence, that afterwards indicated the hour with wonderful accuracy. As 
a dentist, Johnny established a reputation long prior to the invasion of our shores by 
Anglo-American dental companies ; and not only did he extract teeth, and what is 
admittedly far more difficult, parts of teeth, but he actually supplied their vacant chair 
with a grinder carved by himself from horse bone. In this he possessed much 
confidence, and recommended its use whenever his patients murmured over the 
departure of their own natural growth. He made several violins, fifes, bagpipes, 
clarionettes, drums, tambourines, etc., and repaired all the musical instruments of the 
local musicians. He also made a fishing rod, and tied his own flies, presumably with 
the necessary amount of deceptive delicacy, but his piscatorial labours, notwithstand- 
ing, do not appear to have been attended with success; at all events not with sufficient 
to warrant a prosecution of them. 'Tis well nigh fifty years since he constructed and 
rode his first velocipede, a machine that admitted of vast improvements, and which he 
afterwards considerably altered for the better. On this he appeared at all the popular 


gatherings in the country ; and even late in life accomplished journeys of twenty miles 
to and from the residence of his landlord, the late Mr. John Newman, of Dromore, 
Mallow, to whom he paid the rent of his castle and garden in a most punctual manner. 
Johnny also made excursions into the fine arts, and turned out some sculpture and 
wood-carving, while many-visaged monsters, his own creation, grinned and gaped from 
the pier-tops approaching his mill, and kept stern vigil on the battlements of his castle. 
He was never known to purchase a trade implement, as he also made all his tools, 
with the exception of an anvil. In fine, his ingenious brain was scarcely ever allowed 
to wander in the regions of rest and vacancy, but was generally engrossed in planning 
out some invention, no matter how insignificant, and, like ten thousand people of the 
present day, a considerable portion of his time was employed over the perpetual 
motion problem, needless to say with the usual fruitless results. As a specimen of 
his minor performances might be mentioned the construction of a water-clock in the 
stream which he diverted under his castle. Where he borrowed the design of this 
ancient time-piece is unknown, but it certainly was not from any local source. A still 
more ingenious contrivance, which bears the stamp of originality, might here be 
mentioned as throwing a side-light into the subtle workings of his busy intellect. 
This was a trap for catching rats, and so varied and exhaustive have been the means 
and appliances for the destruction of these vermin that few would even dream of 
adding to the number. An ordinary barrel was placed standing on one end, the lid of 
the end uppermost turned on a pair of pivots by which it maintained a horizontal 
position ; the slippery contrivance was then placed in some well-known rat walk, and 
as the unsuspecting animal rambled in danger's way it stepped on the lid which 
instantly over-balanced, depositing the intruder safe and sound in the bottom of the 
barrel; the lid then revolved into its original position, and thus prevented the rat's 
escape. A humorous story to the following effect is related of him in connection with 
this invention. At one time he found some four or five rats imprisoned, and as he was 
in the act of dispatching them with a stout stick, a particularly light-coloured one, 
seizing its last opportunity to prolong its existence, sprung on to the stick, ran up it on 
to Johnny's arm, and away. The would-be executioner, struck with amazement, 
remarked that after such a gallant escape it was only due to the companions of such a 
clever animal to liberate them, at the same time turning the barrel on its side to allow 
of their escape. His intercourse with rats was rather extensive. A story runs to the 
effect that he was once presented with a white one, and after feeding it for a while, 
expected some show of gratitude in return. Johnny attempted to stroke it, but the 
rat, true to its old instincts, caught hold of his finger, on which he exclaimed — " Rats, 
black or white, should not be trusted!" 

Notwithstanding his strange mode of existence, the multiplicity of his avocations, 
and the gloom that his wayward marriage was naturally calculated to throw over his 
path of life, he possessed an endless fund of humour and merriment, and his abode 
was always the centre of attraction for the boys and girls of the district, where they 
danced away their idle hours to his music, which he supplied gratuitously; while those 
1 to take the Boor and trip it "on the light fantastic toe" — 

"... W'nli greedy, listful 

I >M stand astonish'd at liis curious skill." 

His company was most sociable and agreeable, lb- could play, dance, whistle and 
sing, and was withal very gentle in his manner ; and no festive gathering in the neigh- 
bourhood was considered complete in his absence. He played on the violin a variety 
of tunes. Whiles he would play his own native airs with a depth of feeling, and then 


again relieve their monotony by instantly rattling up such lively ones as "The Rakes 

of Mallow," " The Humours of Bandon," or "The Rocky Road to Dublin." He also 

successfully performed on the ordinary fife, and, like the miller in the Canterbury 


" A baggepipe well could he blow and soun." 

In fact, he had an especial fancy for this instrument, from which he could squeeze out 
quite an immensity of music for the pleasure of others, or to while away his own 
solitary hours. Many an odd story is related of him. His adventure to the Cork 
Exhibition in 1883 was very amusing. He was anxious to see all the wonderful sights 
collected there, but, like a true son of genius, was short of the wherewithal, and in 
order to reduce his hotel bills, filled his pockets with boiled potatoes and fried eels, 
which he got from a neighbour. This store he considered sufficient for a three days' 
visit ; but alas! — 

" The best laid schemes o' mice and men gang aft a-gley." 

Johnny this time availed of the inducement in the shape of a cheap trip held out by 
the railway, and forsook his favourite tricycle. This necessitated his taking a return 
ticket, and as he had no ticket-pocket he had to place it among the potatoes and fish. 
When he arrived at Blarney the ticket was demanded. Johnny put his hand into one 
of his pockets, but the ticket could not be found. He then searched a second, a third, 
and a fourth pocket, but still could not discover the missing ticket. The collector was 
growing impatient ; there was no alternative, the pockets should be disgorged ; and 
amidst the laughter of the crowds in the carriage, the potatoes and eels had all to be 
turned out before the missing passport was found. On his return journey, to avoid a 
scene like this, he resolved to keep the ticket in his hand, but, unfortunately, while 
replenishing his pipe at the Cork terminus he laid his ticket by, and of course forgot 
it until challenged at Rathduff by the collector. Here Johnny found he had neither 
ticket nor money ; he was in an awkward predicament, and did not know what to do, 
until at the last moment a friend in the train paid his fare; so he escaped, but ever 
afterwards vowed vengeance on railway travelling. 

Johnny loved his glass, and it may be drew inspiration therefrom. One of his 
jovial companions, a "wet" soul named Nixon, whilom sexton of Wallstown church, 
died and was buried in Wallstown. In a pliant hour Johnny promised him if he 
survived he would raise a monument to his memory, and true to his word he erected 
a flag with the following telegraphic inscription — " here lies nixon." 

Johnny's appearance was somewhat striking. Of a medium height, well formed 
and unencumbered with flesh, he was gifted with unusual activity, which perhaps an 
unevenly balanced intellect kept in a state of constant motion. His face was full of 
life and expression. His eyes, undimmed by years, reflected the subtle working of his 
mind, while his silvery locks were allowed to stray far beyond their proper confines, 
and added a weirdness to his countenance. From the photograph shown, in which he 
is very appropriately represented with a violin in one hand and a trowel in the other, 
it will be observed that his hat formed no unimportant portion of his attire, and on 
closer inspection his waistcoat appears to have been fastened by only one button, 
which must have taken some pains to tie, and no ordinary amount of exertion to undo. 
In his old days he generally travelled about and visited the neighbouring towns and 
villages, snugly ensconced in a curiously-shaped vehicle. This was altogether his own 
design and make, and resembled to some extent a small circus van, shorn of the 
ornamental dragons usually seen at the sides and rear. It was fitted up with many 


culinary appliances, including a fire place, and, to add to its grotesqueness, was drawn 
by a pair of asses, usually yoked in tandem. He was presented with one of these 
asses, which was a hermaphrodite, and principally on account of its extreme rarity 
took an especial delight in driving it. His patriarchal appearance was well known for 
many miles around, and no matter whither he turned the onlooker, young or old, was 
always full of anecdote concerning him which his presence seemed instantly to 
awaken. His end at last arrived. While attending the funeral of one of his friends, 
a respect he religiously paid to the departed, he was delayed late in a wintry afternoon, 
and on his return homewards in the night-time contracted a cold that developed into 
pneumonia, to which in the course of a few days he succumbed, on the 10th day of 
February, 1884, at the advanced age of over 80 years. It was one of his favourite 
notions to be buried in a tomb in the river, within view of his castle, and had the 
stones collected for the purpose, but a wag satirised the idea, which stung him so 
much that he relinquished the intention. The epitaph he intended to inscribe on it 
ran in the following doggerel rhyme : — 

" Here lies the body of poor John Roche, 
lie had his faults, but don't reproach ; 
For when alive his heart was mellow, 
An artist, genius, and comic fellow." 

He now reposes, amongst his relations, in the quiet churchyard of Templeroan, not far 
from the spot immortalized by the achievements of his active moments, where his 
name has long since grown " a household word," and where his memory is not likely 
to be forgotten at the peasant's fireside as the aged sire relates to his attentive child 
the stories and legends of the olden times. A pithy obituary notice of him appeared 
at the time of his death in the columns of the Cork Examiner. It was a matter of 
surprise to him that nobody had ever penned what he called " his history," as he 
considered there was nothing hitherto accomplished with stone and mortar to erpial 
the appearance of his castle, and as his life abounded in as much if not more incident 
and originality than that of many others wdiose slightest actions were carefully 
chronicled. He dreaded lest he should go down to his grave unsung, leaving the 
labours of a long eventful lifetime unknown to posterity, and his grandest actions 
unrecorded to fade away unto forgetfulness. In a material light the varied career of 
this strange and mysterious being presents, after all, little more than genius travelling 
in the dark. Had he possessed the advantages arising from a course of education 
properly directed, and had his energies been concentrated in acquiring a knowledge of 
some particular science, it is a matter for conjecture to what world-wide eminence he 
might have attained, but as his fertile fancy was allowed to exert itself in its wildest 
mode and display itself in every the most outlandish form; the labours even of the 
most powerful intellect, under such circumstances, usually terminate in little more than 
the trifling toywork of children. View him, however, amidst his own rural surround- 
ings, as he played his many parts on life's great stage, with his violin in one hand and 
his trowel in the other, and not as what he might have been had the supposed acquisi- 
tions already enumerated intervened, and more extraordinary ingenuity, more varied 
resource, and more singular originality, it will readily be conceded, have rarely been 
displayed in any one man. 

J.W. B. 


T(ouad j\bout the Vails 0/ Cork. 

By JOHN FITZGERALD, Council Member. 

EMINDING one of "the thin red streak" on the shores of the Crimea, there 
is a small red spot on the large map of Cork, published in this Journal in 
1893, which represents the "walled" City of the Lee, a very important and 
fiercely contested little place in the troublesome times gone by. 

There are many thousands of our citizens whose ideas of the growth of 
their native city are very vague, it might be said they know nothing at all about it, and 
to make it plain to them and to strangers, I propose taking them in imagination, or in 
reality, "Round about the Walls of Cork," and showing them the actual traces and the 
solid remains of the walls which are still standing. Let us start southward from the 
Water Gate, and come back to the same spot again after passing round the limits of 
the ancient city. Stand in front of the Queen's Old Castle (Lyons & Co. Ltd.), on the 
Grand Parade, and you look westward. That is the exact site of the Water Gate, 
whose two castles — the Queen's Castle and the King's Castle, nearer to Castle Street — 
with a spiked gate of strong timbers, and its dock within, formed a safe refuge for the 
small ships of the period, and was the origin of Cork Arms and the Latin motto Statio 
Bene Fida Caruiis. The stream that runs through Nile Street, Liberty Street, Patric 
Street, till it flows into the north channel near the bridge, by Merchants' Quay, though 
unseen is still there, and is all that remains as a mark. The centre part of Lyons' 
establishment is the front of the city courthouse of the last century; its three narrow 
doors and windows are unaltered; the wings at each side are only modern extensions. 
The late lamented Richard Caulfield, ll.d., told me he saw the great iron hooks on 
which the actual Water Gate hung, still fixed in the great stone blocks that held them, 
on one occasion when the street was dug up. There are many stories that might be 
told of the Water Gate. It will suffice to remind you of one dark night early in 
December, when the officer in charge of Roche's Castle, which stood where the Young 
Men's Society faces Liberty Street, stole silently down the little quay of the dock, and 
treacherously opened the Water Gateerehe returned. Shortly after, the "Ironsides" of 
Cromwell began to wade through the slush of the Rush Marsh, and waist deep through 
the shallow water, until they assembled in hundreds on the little quay, giving rise to the 
terrible calamity recorded as " Cromwell's Christmas," and the nearly extinct bad wish, 
" The curse of Cromwell on you." 

The next place of interest is Christchurch Lane and the church itself. The lane 
is a very nice place to walk in, summer and winter, being well flagged ; having a 
Protestant National School on one side, and the cleanly kept old graveyard on the 
other, in which, and in the crypt, many monuments and relics of antiquity are to be 
met with. For traces of the city wall Council Member Robert Walker, architect, etc., 
has an ancient lease of a house "built on the city wall" in this lane, and showing on 
its face a well-drawn picture of the house itself, with the ground before it seemingly 
made up to the level of the wall, and showing an arch or a breach in the wall itself. 
There are many traces of the old city about here. Berwick fountain is the exact site 
of Tuckey's Bridge, which spanned a canal at that place, and on which the equestrian 
statue of George II. was first erected. Smith in his Complete Irish Traveller (1784), 
says, "The statue is of bronze, I think, and executed by a Dublin artist." He did not 


test it with a knife, or he would have found it was very bad lead and not bronze, and 
was modelled and cast by a Dutch artist, Van Oss, in Kift's Lane, which we are passing; 
and if you take any interest in the matter you will find all details of expense, etc., in the 
Council Book of the Cork Corporation, for it was that wise body made a present (at their 
own expense) of the "yalla horse," as it got to be called, to the ratepayers. Some one had 
a dreadful dream about it on the 3rd of March, 1862, when the statue was in the railed 
space near the City Club. Some goblins seemed to come and fix a hawser round horse 
and rider, then take the hawser in a boat to the quay at the other side of the river, after 
which there came a long pull and a strong pull, and a heavy splash in the river. Dream 
or otherwise, that equestrian statue no longer formed an ornament to Cork City. 

At the back of most of the houses from Tuckey Street to Post Office Lane may be 
found pieces of the city wall, either partly connected with the houses or standing 
alone. We must pass through Post Office Lane to get to the South Gate, but before 
we do so I wish to remind you that from this very spot a blacksmith shot the Duke 
of Grafton, when the gallant young noble was leading his troops across the Rape 
Marsh to the siege of Cork, but do not imagine it was this Post Office Lane, it was 
from the city wall by a tower, for of course the lane is but a land mark. At the end 
of that lane, over the way, is the place, still called Grafton's Alley in memory of the 
gallant young duke. 

This is South Gate Bridge, and here in the old times stood the well-guarded South 
Gate. It is shown in the Pacata llibcrnia as a square tower, but the artists of the 
Pacata were unreliable, for they made the tower of the Red Abbey a round one, when 
all the world can see it is square; but it was a strong gate, with drawbridge and 
portcullis, through both of which Captain Muschamp somehow passed unchallenged 
on the night he swaggered from Elizabeth Fort over there, and brought about the 
conspiracy which shut the Catholic citizens outside the walls homeless and ruined. 
The city wall curved round from what is now the Parade, through what is now Lane's 
Brewery, to the South Gate, but I believe all traces of it have been removed. The 
more modern South Gate was the County Gaol of last century, but it stood on the 
same site. It was an imposing building of limestone, with lourteen strongly barred 
windows above the river, and a cut stone cornice, on the top of which were five iron 
spikes, on the points of which the heads of criminals could be impaled by leaning over 
the parapet wall, and the head of O'Sullivan Beare formed the ghastly ornament of the 
centre spike, as it bleached in the wind ; for it seemed that no head would be removed 
except to make room for a fresh one, and in those " hanging days' the spikes were 
never empty. The half arch of the old bridge at thenorthern side butts up against all 
that is left of South Gate Gaol. It had a very handsome gate of cut stone for passengers 
and traffic, and sentry boxes guarded it well from the bridge itself and from the South 
Main Street. The gaol door was in that street, and was the spot at which all unfortu- 
nate persons sentenced " to be flogged " from North Gate to South Gate, had to be 
released. Now comes the long curve of Beamish and Crawford's Brewery, within 
which, at various spots, there are handsome bits of sculptured stone, and others which 
bear dates and inscriptions. The brewery itself forms the exact curve of the walled 
and egg-shaped City of Cork, nearly as far as Clarke's Bridge. The new (white) pari 
of the brewery a little further west, it may be interesting to state, was up to fifty years 
ago a salt and lime works, owned by the father of our talented and lamented fellow- 
citizen, Jerome Collins, the "weather prophet," whose sad deatli from exposure on an 
Exploration all have read of. It matters little to him now, for they brought his 
rem tins home, an 1 he is resting peacefully, with the mother that gave him birth, under 
lhat Celtic cross at Curricuppane. 


We have to pass over an ancient bridge here to follow the curve of the river 
by Crosses Green, and this old bridge, or at least one on the same site, was the only 
communication with Saint Marie's of the Isle. You will see the old bridge in the 
(map) picture of Corke in the Pacata Hibemia, and you will also see St. Dominic's Mill. 
That old saint's name is still used for the mill, which stood on the site of Hall's Mills 
of the present day. There are many bits of antiquity about here, but it was outside 
the walls of the city. I may say that St. Marie's of the Isle Convent is still on an 
island intact, for it is entirely surrounded by water to this day. The conical structure 
known as the " Glasshouse chimney " was well within the walls. There is a rough garden 
around it, and at one part of this garden there is a large shed built against a very 
strong wall. Pass round into Hanover Street into the premises of Mr. O'Connell, 
builder, and you will be at the back of this shed, and standing under the largest piece 
that remains of the city wall. It was an ancient glass bottle manufactory this old 
chimney, and built of red brick made in the Brickfields (now the site of the Great 
Southern and Western Railway Station). The bricks were made to follow the shape 
of the cone and of the circle as it diminishes towards the top, and there is neither 
crack nor flaw in one of them, in fact they are a splendid sample of Cork manufacture 
of the old times. There are many samples of the black wine bottles made within it 
yet remaining, such as "Magnums" (Imperial half gallon), which bear the name of 
those they were made for; for instance " Dr. Blair, 1720," and others of a more recent 
date. The interior of the chimney is fifty feet in diameter, and the old structure, if 
not meddled with, will reach the date a.d. 2000. Botanists would be delighted with 
it, for there is a wind-sown collection of curious weeds and plants round its base which 
cannot be found elsewhere. The piece of city wall on Mr. O'Connell's premises is 
mentioned in an old lease as "being built (the old premises) against the city wall." 
It takes a curve from thence, which, if continued, would enclose the Court House, 
Grattan Street, and part of Coach Street, but in those places there are but very few 
traces of walls or flanking towers, until you follow the egg-shaped or oval form of 
walled Cork up Bachelors Quay to the North Gate. 

Here there are plenty of traces to be found at the back of the houses, such as a 
very high and very thick piece of wall (red sandstone) behind the house of Mr. D. A. 
O'Shea, corner house of North Main Street and Kyrls Quay, which undoubtedly 
belonged to either the ancient or the more modern North Gate. There are large 
portions of such walls behind the house of Mr. Simon Flynn, and many bits at the 
other side of the street. By standing in the centre of the North Main Street and 
looking south, you may recall several bits of Cork history, for there to the right, at 
but a short distance from the bridge, stood Skiddy's Castle. Look at the picture of 
it in the Pacata, but you will find but faint traces of it about here. There is a piece 
of its wall yet remaining behind one of the houses ; the cellars used for storing gun- 
powder when it was a Government magazine still remain, and part of a chimney- 
stone of the castle is built into the house of Daly & Co., nearly opposite Adelaide 
Street and Skiddy's Castle Lane (where nobody lives), is yet in its place. 

There is no need to describe the ancient North Gate, for you have it before you in 
the picture of walled Cork. The modern structure was the City Gaol for debtors, and 
it was an imposing and high building of red sandstone, with limestone cornices and 
window cases, but there was no parapet to its roof, so that people who got into the wrong 
impression that heads were spiked there also must alter their views, unless they refer 
to the ancient gate at the northern side, where heads were spiked; indeed they were 
rather ticklish times, for they would spike your head for a less offence than the 
magistrates at the Police Office to-day would consider wiped out by "seven days." 


Council Member John Paul Dalton holds some old premises on KyrlsOuay which have 
traces of the old city walls, a cut stone from which he has already given a picture of in 
this Journal. The lease of the place which he holds gives privileges "to the edge of 
the river," for the ancient city walls were washed around their whole extent by the 
pleasant waters of the River Lee. 

Before we leave North Gate Bridge it is as well to give an imaginary look at the 
City Gaol, with its double row of well-barred windows, from which prisoners let down 
an old hat or a bag with the pitiful inscription, " Please remember the poor debtors;" 
for the authorities gave them no food, and if their friends or charitable people gave 
them no relief they would starve, for "whitewashing" and filing schedules were then 
but a dim future, and the cry of the poor prisoners was often drowned by the rush of 
the flooded river through the five arches of the old bridge. And under the centre 
archway of the gaol itself the sentry walked his surly round, and the ready blow of the 
butt of the old-fashioned musket made night wayfarers hasten through the smaller 
archway for foot passengers ; for those were the days of oil lamps or no lamps, of 
Martial Law and stringent measures, the very mildest of which were the "stocks" or the 
pillory, or the whipping at the tail of a cart from the gaol door in the North Main Street 
to the other gaol door in the South Main Street, about an English mile apart. But let 
us be thankful that we live in an enlightened age, when the rule of a man's own 
conduct will be his safeguard or otherwise. 

Turning round the curve of Kyrls Street into Corn Market Street, the site of the 
Police Office was the spot on which the flanking tower stood whose cannon were 
pointed across at its opposite neighbour, Shandon Castle, or Lord Barry's Castle, 
for you will see the whole of the present North Gate district was named " Lord Barry's 
Countrie ;" but Lord Barry and his castle passed away, though the material of that 
building remains, for our favourite but mad-looking structure, Shandon Steeple, is 
built of it. It does not matter if the stone ran short and they had to make up the 
deficiency with red sandstone. The two limestone sides are turned to the city and to 
visitors, and it does not take one half note from the melody of its bells, which have 
got out of their knowledge from too much praise from writers and poets, myself 
included. But they are welcome to the praise, for I would not recall a single word if 
I could. The river, in the memory of several old people still living, came up as far as 
Kyle Street, and formed the Coal Quay Dock, but from Kyle Street southward the 
place is Corn Market Street. 

There are few traces of antiquity about here, but the pillars of that Grecian edifice 
called the Bazaar Market, are the pillars of the old Exchange, a very handsome Dutch- 
style building, at the corner of Castle Street. It was in the way they said; but here is 
Castle Street itself. It was a street of one side only, when the walls were up, for the 
wall of the dock formed its southern side, and Roche's Castle at the Main Street end, 
and the King's Castle at this end gave it the name which it still retains. But here, a 
few doors from Castle Street, towards the Parade, stood the King's Castle at the 
northern side of the Water Gate, and the spot to which I promised to bring you back, 
after going all around the walls. I told you little or nothing of the interior of the 
walled city, you can read it yourself from many sources, but the three castellated gates 
and the numerous flanking towers have disappeared, and can only be seen in pictures. 

Still you have walked round the whole extent of that little red spot on the big 
map, and though you maybe tired of details you cannot well complain of too long a 
journey " Round about the Walls of Cork." 


jNfotes on the Council J3ooK 0/ ClonaKilty, 

Nuw in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Townseud, D. D. 


At a court held for sd. burrough on Saturday, the 25th day of July, 

u g J l y 2 . beine Saint Tames' day, the Rt. HonWe James Earl of Barry- 
Clouvhnakiliy. ' f, ,. j; . ,. i „ , , , „ ., _. ^ J 

more, the Hon ble Brigadier George treke, and the Hon ble S 1 ' Percy 

Freke, bart., were elected and chosen to be returned to the lord of the soyle, in order 

for his appointing one of them suffrain for the ensuing year by the undernamed suffrain 

and burgesses and deputy recorder, pursuant to the charter. 

Hary Freke, Suffrn., John Townesend, 

Robt. Travers, Arnold Gookin, 

Ran. Warner, John Birde. 

Richard Hungerford, Dep. Rec. 

The court held for this burrough on Sunday, the 18th day of 8 ber > 

u S J j_ 2 . being St. Luke's day, Captain John Birde, for want of a letter of 

Cloughnakilty. . , tl , , f tl , • 1 1 * a j 

election from the lord of the soyle, was unanimously elected and 

sworn suffrain for the ensuing year, pursuant to the charter, by the undernamed 

suffrain and burgesses, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him. 

Harry Freke, Suffrn., Robert Travers, 

Emanuel Moore, John Townesend, 

Richard Cox, John Bourne. 

Emanuel Moore, jun r . 

It. is further enacted and recorded that the above election and swearing has been 
made on the Lord Viscount Carleton, lord of the soyle, not signifying his election of 
one of the three nominated and returned to him by the suffrain and burgesses on 
St. James' day, and not out of disregard to his lordship's priviledge, which the suffrain 
and burgesses will always defend, together with the rights and libertys of the corpora- 
tion, pursuant to the charter and to the opinion of the recorder, as at the other side. 
John Birde, Suffr., Robert Travers, 

Emanuel Moore, John Townesend, 

Richd. Cox. John Bourne. 

Emanuel Moore, 

A copy of Councillor Bernard's opinion, delivered to the court on Saint Luke's day, 
1724, no election being signifyed by the lord of the soyle, I have perused a copy of the 
charter of Cloughnakilty, which was layed before me by Captain Snowe, and, as the 
charter is worded, I am of opinion as followeth, viz. : — That if the corporation hath 
done its duty by nominating three persons on Saint James' day, and presenting their 
names to the lord of the soyle in due time, and his lordship has neglected to signify to 
the corporation the pson. he designs should be sworn suffrain before the day of 
swearing, then in such case there being a neglect in the lord of the soyle, the right of 


election is, I conceive, devolved on the corporation, and they may elect and svvare in a 
magistrate on St. Luke's day. But ii' the lord of the soyle had nominated, and his 
nominee had not appeared on St. Luke's day to be sworn, then the corporation would 
not have any right to elect or swear in a new suffrain, because the lord would not in 
that case have been under any neglect ; but the old suffrain must have continued till a 
new one had been duly elected and sworn according to the charter. 

8ber the 16th, 1724. Francis Bernard. 

I am of the same opinion. Richard Cox copiavcra. 

Richard Hungerkokd, Dept. Record. 

This Councillor Bernard is probably Francis, son of Francis Bernard, 
of Castlebernard. fie was M.P. for Clonakilty, 1725-26-60. He died 
! 793) s -P-j having married Anne, only daughter of Henry Petty, M.P., 
afterwards Farl of Shelbourne. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 17th day of December, 

-,, , jL-jf '724, by the undernamed suffrain, burgesses, and deputy recorder, the 

Hon lj|e Captain David Barry was admitted and sworn a burgess of this 

corporation in the room of Mr. Arnold Gookin, deceased, pursuant to the charter in 

that case. 

John Birde, Suffrn., John Bourne, 

Richard Cox, John Townesend. 

Jonas Travers, 

Richard Hungerford, Depty. Record. 

At a court there held the 17th day of March, 1724, by the under- 

.,,' , TL-/L named soveraign, burgesses, and deputy recorder, Mr. Samuel Jervois, 

of Bradc, was sworn a burgess of this corporation in the room of 

Mr. Randle Warner, deceased, pursuant to the charter and to the statute in that case 


At the same court Mr. Henry Owen and John Mead, jun r » was sworn freeman. 
At the same court Mr. Horatio Townesend and Mr. William Symes were sworn 

John Bikde, Suffrn., John Townesend, 

Emanuel Moore, Richard Cox, 

Percy Freke, IIary Freke, 

[ohn Bourne, Richd. Hungerford. 

John Meade may be the first baronet of the name, son of Lieutenant- 
Colonel \V. Meade. Possibly he was son of the Very Rev. \Y. Mead, 
dean of Cork and rector of Ballymartle, by Helena, daughter of 
Bryan Townesend. He married Susanna, daughter of the Rev. Horatio 
Townesend, ninth son of Bryan, and hail no children. Mr. Horatio 
Townesend, of Bridgemount ; born 1699 ; died [764 ; high sheriff [737 ; 
grandson of Cornelius, eighth son of Colonel Richard Townesend. He 
married Anne Richards, of Cork, and had one son, Cornelius, who 
died s.p. 


At a court held for said burrough on Monday, the 25th day of July, 

„, , ji-jf 1725, Sir Percy Freke, bart., Francis Bernard, esq r > and Mr. Samuel 

Jervois were nominated to be returned to the lord of the burrough, in 

order to his lordship's electing one of the three to serve as suffrain for the ensuing 

year by the undernamed burgesses, suffrain, and deputy recorder. 

John Birde Suffrn., Arthur Bernard, 

Richard Cox, John Townesend, 

Emanuel Moore, Hary Freke, 

John Bourne, Richard Townesend. 

John Honner, 

Richard Hungerford, Dept. Reed. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Wednesday, the 4th of 
CI I h'Ji August, I 7 2 5> Richard Cox esq r > was elected and sworn burgess of 
this corporation in the room of Capt. Jonas Travers deceased, by the 
undernamed suffrain, burgesses, and deputy recorder. 

At the same court Mr. Abraham Dickson, Mr. Lawrence Bryan and Benjamin 
Boyce were admitted and sworn freemen, as also Mr. William Coughlan. 

John Birde, Suffn., John Bourne, 

Richard Cox, Emanuel Moore junr., 

Emanuel Moore, John Townesend. 

Richd. Hungerford, Dep. Reed. 

At a court of record held for sd. burrough on Thursday, the 16th 

p> 1 f 'day of September, 1725, pursuant to an order directed to us by John 

ClougJinakitiv Colethurst esq r >high sheriff of said county, grounded on his Majestie's 

suit of sumons bearing test the eleventh day September instant 

requiring us to elect a discreet burgess to serve in his Majestie's present parliament to 

meet in Dublin the twenty-first instant. Now we, the suffrain burgesses and freemen 

have elected and chosen Francis Bernard jun r » esq r > jointly with Brigadier George 

Freke, to represent this corporation in said parliament by a great majoritie of votes. 

Frcemeti : 
Henry Jones, John Birde, Suffrain, 

John Bateman, David Barry, 

Henry Alleyne, Emanuel Moore, 

Stephen Jermyn, John Bourne, 

Robert Morley, Robert Travers, 

William Stone. Arth. Bernard, 

Richard Townesend, 
Samuel Jervois, 
Hary Freke, 
Richard Hungerford, Dep. Record. 

At a court held for sd. burrough on Monday, the 10th S^er, 1725, the 

r; o-J * hit Hpnble Capt. David Barry, on the lord of the soyles not making his 

election of one of the three returned to him by the corporation on 

Saint James' day, was unanimously elected and sworn to be the suffrain for the 


ensuing year, pursuant to the charter, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to 

hi in. 

John Birde, Suffrn., Samuel Jervois, 

Richard Cox, Emanuel Moore, 

John- Bourne, Arthur Bernard, 

Robt. Travers, Hary Freke, 

John Townesend, Richard Cox. 

Richard Hungereord, Dept. Recorder. 

At a court of record held for the burrough on Monday, the 25th of 

ri rJ hihv J u 'y. J 7 2( J. tne Honourable George Wandesford, Capt. Charles Gookin, 

and Richard Cox, esq r » were nominated by the suffrain and burgesses 

to be returned to the lord of the soyle, in order for his lordship to elect one of them 

to serve as suffrain for the ensuing year, pursuant to the charter. 

David Barry, Suffrn., John Townesend, 

Richard Cox, Richard Townesend, 

Emanuel Moore, John Bourne. 

Emanuel Moore, junr. 

Richard Hungerford, Dep. Kecr. 

At the same court VVillm. Blair esq 1 '- Thos. Crooke esq 1 ". Mr. James and John Cox 
as also Mr. Gilbert Mellifont, were admitted and sworn to be freemen. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Saturday the 13th of 

/-? r. i -ii August 1726 by the undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy 
Cloughnakilty. . -. -. , , , , 

recorder, Roger Bernard esq 1 " lreeman was elected and sworn a 

burgess of this burrough in the room of Michael Becher esq 1 " deceased pursuant to the 

statute. At the same court the Reverend Jemmett Brown the Reverend Henry Clarke 

Mr. William Conner Mr. Henry Wallis Mr. John Coughlan and Mr. Lavers Alleyane 

were admitted and sworn freemen. 

David Barry Suffn. Emanuel Moore 

Richard Cox Harry Freke 

Emanuel Moore Robt: Travers 

Arth: Bernard Saml Jervois 

Francis Bernard Rob : Travers 

Joseph Jervois 

Riciid. Hungereord Dept. Rec. 

The Rev. Jemmett Browne, born 1702, was son and heir of Edward 
Browne, of Riverstown, merchant of Cork, by Judith, daughter and heir 
of VVarham Jemmett, collector of the port of Cork. He was made free- 
man of Cork in 1728, dean of Ross 1733, bishop of Killaloe 1743, bishop 
of Cork 1745, archbishop of Tuam 1778 ; died 1782, and was buried 
in the cathedral of Cork in the tomb of Colonel Bigot. His remains, 
with those of other bishops, were removed by Dr. Caul field to new 

Mr. William Connor, M.P. for Bandon, son of Daniel Connor, 
merchant, of Bandon, who purchased estates at Munch. lie married, 


1727, Anne, daughter of Roger Bernard, of Palace Anne, and had Roger 
and William. 

At a court held for the burrough on Monday the 15th day of 

^7 7 7-7/ August 1726 the undernamed suffrain, burgesses and deputy record. 
Clouglinakilty. ° ' f , 

" John Tovvnesend esq r council-at-law was elected and chosen burgess 

of this corporation in the room of Robert Gillman esq r deceased pursuant to the 


David Barry Sovern. Arth : Bernard 

Richard Cox Hary Freke 

Emanuel Moor Robt: Travers 

Richard Townesend Rob. Travers 

Samuel Jervois Francis Bernard 

Richard Cox Emanuel Moore 

John Birde Roger Bernard 
Joseph Jervois 

Richd. Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

It is not easy to identify this John Townesend, as he may have been 
John Townesend of Skirtagh, born 1691, third son of Bryan, or John of 
Courtmacsherry, son of the above John, or John, born 1698, grandson of 
Cornelius Townesend, eighth son of Colonel Townesend. 

At a court held for the said burrough on Tuesday the iSth of 8 ber 
r/ , jLjif 1726 being St. Luke's day and the day appointed by the charter for 
swearing a suffrain for the ensuing year, a letter was produced and 
signed Andrew Crotty, signifying that the Lord of the Burrough elected Richard Cox to 
be suffrain for the ensuing year, and the Lord not sending the letter, and the said Cox 
not appearing the Hono ble David Barry was unanimously re-elected and sworn suffrain 
for the year ensuing and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him by the under- 
nam'd burgesses and deputy recorder. 

Arthur Bernard Richard Townesend 

Emanuel Moore Saml. Jervois 

Hary Freke John Townsend 

Richd. Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 9th of cjber 1726 by the 

~j , jL-A Hono ble David Barry suffraine and Richard Hungerford genl. deputy 

recorder Mr. Thomas Blennerhasset was admitted and sworn freeman. 

David Barry Suffr. 

Richd. Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

At a court held for said burrough on Wednesday the 5th of April 

CI o-h^b'/f' l 7-9 by * ne undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy recorder 

Mr. Cornelius Townesend was admitted and sworn a burgess of the 

said corporation in the roome of Emanuel Moore esq r deceased pursuant to the statute 


and charter. At the same court Mr. Richard Goodman and Mr. Nicholas George were 

sworn freemen. 

John Townesend Richard Cox 

Richard Townesend John Townesend 

Samuel Jervois 

(This entry seems to have been misplaced). 

. „ At a court held for the said burrough on Wednesday the loth of 
burrough of . it , , _. . , , , , 

Clouvhnakiltv l ? ? y undernamed sutfrain, burgesses and deputy recorder 

Mr. James Cox was unanimously elected and sworn burgess of this 
corporation in room of John Birde esq r deceased pursuant to the statute. 

At the same court Joseph Jervois esq r one of the burgesses of this burrough came 
into court, who by reason of his age and infirmity desir'd to be discharg'd out of the 
fellowship of the burgesses of this corporation and was by the consent of the under- 
named suffrain and burgesses disfranchised out of the same and the Hono ble Sir 
Richard Meade bart. unanimously sworn burgess in his place. 

David Barry Suff. Samuel Jervois 

Emanuel Moore Hary Freke 

Richard Cox John Townesend 

Robt Travers John Honner 

Cornelius Townesend Richd. Cox 

Richard Townesend John Bowrne 
Arthur Bernard 

Richd. Hungerford, Recorder. 

At the same court the RevJ Mr. William Meade, Coletrop Mead esq r and Mr. 
Robert Goold were admitted and sworn freemen of the corporation. 

Probably the Very Rev. William Mead, dean of Cork and rector of 
Ballymartlc, son of Robert Meade and Frances, daughter of Sir P. 
Courthope. He married Helena, daughter of Bryan Townesend, and 
had a son, the Rev. W. Meade. Coletrop is clearly a mistake for 

_ , . At a court held for said burrough on Tuesday the 25th day of luly 

Burrough of , . „ . , , , , . . , , , 

Cloutr/i/i Takiltv l ~~7 being Saint James day and the day tor nominating three ot the 

burgesses to be returned to the lord of the soyle in order for his lord- 
ships electing one of the three to serve as suffrain for the ensuing year, Richard 
Cox esq r Cornelius Townesend esq r and James Cox were nominated to be return'd 
to the lord of the soyle pursuant to the charter by the undernam'd soveraigne burgesses 
and deputy recorder. 

David Barry Suffrn. John Bowrne 

Emanuel Moore Roc. Bernard 

Robert Travers Hary Freke 

Richard Cox James Cox 

Cor. Townesend Saml. Jervois 

Richard Hungerford Dept. Recorder. 

(To be continued.) 


Cork jYi/p's., 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the Union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

[Pomfreide (or Pomfret), John. 

M.P. Cork City, 1380. 

Mayor of Cork, 1386. Was one of those summoned by Colton, the Chancellor, to meet 
at St. Peter's Church, Cork, upon the death, at the house of the Friars Preachers, on 
26th December, 1380, of Edward Earl of March and Ulster, for the purpose of choosing 
a Lord Justice. The "Prelates, Peers, and Commons" were summoned, and Colton 
was chosen. See Lawelyn, Thomas/ Roche, David FitzThomas ; and Staunton, Miles.'] 

Ponsonby, Richard, of Crotto, Kerry. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1731-60. 

Eldest son of Thomas Ponsonby, of Crotto (who was son of Henry Ponsonby, a 
Cromwellian soldier, who got Crotto and Stackstown, county Kerry, assigned him, and 
whose brother was ancestor to the Lords Bessborough), by Susannah, daughter of 
Samuel Grice, of county Limerick. 

He was ll.d. {lion, can.), t.c.d., 1754. He petitioned against the return of Gervais 
Parker (g.v.) for Kinsale, and obtained the seat. 

He married Helen, daughter of Sir John Meade, bart, and d.s.p. 

Fonsonby, William (Brabazon), afterwards Lord Ponsonby. 

M.P. Cork City, 1764-68; 1769-75; Bandon, 1775-83. 

Eldest son of the Right Hon. John Ponsonby, m.p., Speaker of the House of Commons 
(I.), by Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of third Duke of Devonshire ; and grandson 
of first Earl of Bessborough. 

He was born 15th September, 1744; M.P. also for county Kilkenny, 1783-90; 
1790-97; 1798-1800; and (in the Imperial Parliament) 1800-1806. Joint postmaster- 
general, 1784 and 1789. Created Baron Ponsonby, 1806. 

He married, 25th December, 1769, Hon. Louisa Molesworth, daughter of third 
Viscount Molesworth (she re-married Earl Fitzwilliam, and died 1824). He died 
5th November, 1806, leaving issue. Male line and peerage extinct. 

Ponsonby, William (afterwards Sir William). 

M.P. Bandon, 1796-97. 

Second son of William Ponsonby, m.p. {q.v.), first Lord Ponsonby. He was M.P. also 
for Fethard, 1798-1800, and (in the Imperial Parliament) for Londonderry, 1812-15; 
K.C.B. ; lieutenant-colonel 5th Dragoons, and a major-general. He fell at Waterloo. 

He married, 20th January, 1807, Hon. Georgina Fitzroy, daughter of first Lord 
Southampton, and had issue. His eldest son became third Lord Ponsonby (extinct). 

Pooley, Robert, of Dublin. 

M.P. Castlemartyr, 1692; 1695-99. 

Younger son of Thomas Pooley, m.p. {q.v.) He and Sir Richard Hull {q.v.) were the 
first two members for the borough of Castlemartyr, which was incorporated 28th July, 
1674. He was a commissioner of the Excise, and died unmarried. 

CORK M.P S. 179 

Fooley, Thomas. 

M.P. Mallow, 1661. 

Probably son of Lieutenant Thomas Pooley, an officer in Sir Adam Loftus' troop, and 
" now (1642) at garrison in Dundalk under Captain Cadogan." 

He married, before 1657, Mary Southwell (she was living 1675), and had issue. 
His three daughters, viz.: — Catherine married first, Daniel Molyneaux, and secondly, 
Rev. William Campbell, who died 1750; Elizabeth married Mr. Baskerville ; and 
Frances married Sir Richard Hull (g.v.) His sons were: — Thomas, M.P. for New- 
castle, and died after 1722; Neville, who married Mary Jervoise, of Dublin, and died 
after 1675 ; John, afterwards bishop of Raphoe; Giles, m.a. ; and Robert, m.p (o.v.) 

Portyngall, John. 

M.P. Youghal, 1559. 

Mayor (qy.) of Youghal, 165 1, and again, 1572. The family (originally presumably 
from Portugal) was a prominent one in the town for many generations. 

Powell, Edmond. 

M.P. Rathcormick in James II. 's Parliament, 1689 

Power, John, of Kilbelone. 

M.P. Charleville in James II. 's Parliament, 1689. 

Son of David Power, of Kilbelone, a '49 officer, who was "forfeited" by Cromwell, 
but restored by Charles II. He was one of the assessors for county Cork for 
James II. 's "Tax on Personal Estates in Ireland for the benefit of Trade and 
Commerce." lie became a lieutenant-colonel in the service of France. 

Prittie, Francis Aldborough. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1800. 

Second son of first Lord Dunalley, by Catherine, daughter of Francis Sadleir, of 
Sopwell, and widow of John Barry. He was born 4th June, 1779; married first, 
10th September, 1800, Martha, only daughter of Cooke Otway, and widow of George 
Hartpole (she died 1802, having had a daughter) ; he married secondly, 1803, 
Elizabeth, only daughter of Right Hon. George Ponsonby, and had three sons (the 
eldest of whom succeeded as third Lord Dunalley), and two daughters. 
He was M.P. also for Carlow, 1801 ; Tipperary, 1806-31. 

Prendergast, Thomas, of Kildare Street, Dublin. 

M.P. Castlemartyr, 1796-97; Clonakilty, 1797-1800. 

Son of Thomas Prendergast by Jane, daughter of Samuel Gordon, and descended from 
a family long settled at Newcastle, county Tipperary, in which there was a baronetcy, 
now extinct. 

He was called to the bar, 1787 ; a commissioner of Bankruptcy. 

He married Charlotte, daughter of Charles O'Neill, M.P. {g.v.), and had issue. 

Price, Cromwell. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1783-90. 

Probably son of Nicholas Price, M.P., of Saintfield, county Down, by his second wife, 
Maria, daughter of Colonel Alexander MacKenzie ; and nephew of Cromwell Price, 
m.p., Downpatrick, 1727. 

Was M.P. also for Monaghan borough, 1790-97; Fore, county Westmeath, 1798. 
He died before 1800. 


Purdon, Bartholomew, of Ballyclough. 

M.P. Mallow, 1703-13; Doneraile, 1713-14; Castlemartyr, 1715-27; 
1727 till his decease in 1737. 

Eldest son of Bartholomew Purdon, by Alicia, daughter of Major-General Johnjcphson, 
of Mallow, m.p. (q.v.), and grandson of Sir Nicholas Purdon, m.p. (q.v.) 

He was born about 1675; high sheriff, Cork, 1708; married Anne, daughter of 
Colonel Chidley Coote, and had issue an only daughter. He died 19th July, 1737, and 
the inscription on his tomb says : — " He was justice of the peace, member of parlia- 
ment, and lieutenant of the county thirty-nine years, during which time he strictly 
observed justice, faithfully served his king, and was a patriot to his country." 

Purdon, Henry, of Cork. 

M.P. Charleville, 1721-27. 

Son of Adam Purdon, by Mary Clayton, of Mallow, and grandson of Sir Nicholas 
Ptirdou, m.p. {q.v.), and cousin of above. 

He was a major in the army. He married a daughter of Henry Bowerman, of 
Coolyne, m.p. (q.v.), and d.s.p. 

Furdon, Sir Nicholas, of Ballyclough. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1661. 

Fifth son of John Purdon, of Tullagh, county Clare, by Eleanor, daughter of Sir John 
Fleming, and niece of Lord Slane. 

He was knighted 1660-1, by the Lords Justices. He married Ellis, daughter of 
Henry Stephens, of Broghill, county Cork, and had issue, Bartholomew Purdon, 
m.p. (q.v.) 

He died 1678. (See Caulfield's Cork Municipal Records, p. 1 1 57). 

Head, John, of Coolnelonge. 

M.P. Bandon, 1661. 

Richardson, Edward, of Mooretown, als. Castlemore, gent. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1692 ; 1695-99. 

Was, I believe, an attorney in Cork. He received £$ from the corporation in 17 10 for 
his services to the city " touching the prohibition of corn ;" and again, a little later, he 
received five guineas, " besides what he laid out in feeing counsel." 

Biggs, Edward, of Riggsdale. 

M.P. Bandon, 1692; 1695-99; Baltimore, 1703-13. 

Was one of the trustees for the disbursement of the fund levied for the relief of the 
inhabitants of Bandon in 1691, under the Act providing for a levy on each county in 
Munster ; free of Cork, 1691 ; was indicted for high treason by one Major Lawless, in 
1684, " for saying that he (Riggs) had a good estate in England, and that if he could 
not live quietly in Ireland he would go thither !" As a matter of fact he did go thither 
in 1689, he and his wife and five children. His income was then ^800 a year, " besides 
;£i20 arising out of offices." 

Was M.P. also for Bangor, county Down, 1715-27. 

[Roche, David FitzThomas, knt. 

M.P. Cork County, 1380. 
See under Pomfrcidc, John."] 

CORK M.PS. 1 8 r 

Roche, Alderman Dominiclr, of Cork. 

M.P. Cork County, 1639. 

Son of William Roche, of Cork. 

Was apparently a contractor; lent the corporation ^10 in 1624 to help it out of 
some financial difficulty ; built the market house in New Street, 1630; undertook a 
contract to build certain bridges in the city in 1633, which resulted in a loss of ^200, 
for which the corporation indemnified him by allowing him the customs of the port 
for one year. Unlike his predecessors, Dominick Coppinger and Sir William Sarsfield 
{, he did not forego his payment as Member of Parliament, for on 20th of August, 
1641, he gave a receipt for the sums paid him " towards the allowance granted unto me 
by the corporation of Cork, being employed as one of the burgesses of parliament, 
at the rate of 7s. 6d. per diem, viz. : — 232 days for the third, fourth, and fifth sessions 
of said parliament, the sum of ^87 sterling," etc., etc. He was probably the Alderman 
Dominick Roche, the first whiskey distiller in Cork of whom we have express mention. 
His " maulte-house," adjoining his garden is (says Windele) mentioned in the Roche 
Jl/SS. in 1618 ; and elsewhere it is stated that, at his death, he left " a barrel and a-half 
of aquavitcr, worth £1$ sterling; thirty barrels of maulte, worth twenty shillings the 
barrel ; also, one great kettle for brewing, one aqua vitce pot, and one brass pan." 

He was mayor of Cork 1609, being the first to hold that office under the new charter 
of James I. (There were, at least, two other persons named Dominick Roche con- 
nected at this time with the corporation — one, a son of John Roche, and one, a son of 

{See Smith's Cork, i. 420, and Windele's South of Ireland, pp. 29 and 102). 

Roche, Dominick, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1613. 
Son of Richard Roche, of Kinsale. Free of Cork city, 13th October, 1642. 

Roche, James, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1613. 

Son of Philip Roche, of Kinsale, m.p. {q.v.) Was a merchant trading with France, 
whither he went in 1603 "about his merchandise.'' 

Roche, James, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1634. 
(Probably the same as the foregoing). 

Roche, Patrick, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1639. 

Second son of Richard Roche, of Powlenelong, (" sovereign " of Kinsale and j.p., and 
"descended from the house of Fermoy "), by his second wife, Jennet, daughter of 
Patrick Gould, of Cork. His castle of Powlenelong (Shippool), was besieged I >y Captain 
Adderiey in 1642, and one hundred "rebels" slain. He suffered forfeiture under 
Cromwell; was in rebellion, and was outlawed in 1641. 

He married Katherine, daughter of Thomas Sarsfield, of Cork. 

Roche, Philip, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1585. 

Probably son of Philip Roche, of Kinsale, and descended from the old Lords Fermoy. 
He was fined ^50 in 1606 for not attending divine service according to the reformed 

(To be continued). 


Conversazione oj the CorK historical & Archaeological 
Society & Cork jNaturalists pield Club. 

N ioth March a conversazione was held in the ballroom of the Imperial 
Hotel under the joint auspices of the Cork Historical and Archaeological 
Society and the Cork Naturalists' Field Club. Both these organizations, 
working in some respects on parallel lines, are accomplishing an impor- 
tant work in the south of Ireland, and their union on the present occasion 
was appropriate and happy. The ballroom was decorated with much taste, and supplied 
with perfect electric illumination by Mr. Percival. A short musical programme gave 
additional charm to the proceedings. 

In opening the conversazione, Mr. Robert Day, j.p., F.S.A., said by the very merest 
accident of birth his name had been placed first upon the programme, and that because 
the society over which he had the honour to preside was a little older than its twin sister 
the Field Club. He took no credit whatever to himself for the happy union of that 
evening, as he was away from Cork when all the arrangements were made, and when 
the idea was commenced by Mr. Copeman. On his having informed him of what had 
been done his only regret was that the conversazione could not have been continued 
upon a second day, so that a larger number of the country members of both societies 
would have been afforded an opportunity of seeing the various collections which had 
been so generously lent for the occasion. In Belfast a Field Club had flourished for 
a quarter of a century. He was a member of it for quite that period, and he alluded 
to it because it embraced from its inception archaeology and the study of Irish antiquities. 
It held its annual conversaziones, at many of which he had been present, and it gave 
him pleasure to testify that the Field Club of Belfast had done more for the practical 
study of the archaeology of the north of Ireland than any other kindred society in the 
kingdom. He well remembered when the flint flake knife and scraper were unknown 
in Antrim, until they were sought for and gathered by a few of its members, foremost 
among whom was their old townsman, Mr. William Gray, who had done more pioneer 
work for his adopted province than perhaps any other man in it. The section which 
was developed by the antiquaries grew and flourished. In Antrim, the home of the 
flint, a county of many lakes and upland plains and hills, and within sight of Scotland, 
there must have been in pre-historic and early Christian times a larger and more thickly- 
populated district than perhaps in any other part of Ireland. This was evidenced by the 
vast number of stone implements and weapons, flints and arrows, spears and tools, with 
those of more recent Celtic bronze, which occurred there. Prior to the foundation of the 
Field Club all these, with few exceptions, were either unheeded, thrown away, or sold 
to dealers and such like, and were thus lost to the country. Among the outside col- 
lectors he had done his share, and continued to do so until the members of the club 
woke up and in their turn became collectors, and so his occupation in the hunting 
grounds of Antrim, Down, and Derry came to an end. What that club had done for 
the north their dual clubs should do for the south. He feared that the name and 
claims of the Archaeological Society were not so attractive to the general public as were 
those of the Naturalists' Field Club. He knew a little of the enjoyment of the naturalist, 
the pleasures of the botanist, the patient study of the student of geology, and the 


fascination and delight that centred in the revelations of the microscope ; but he could 
claim for the so-called dry subject of antiquities that the objects embraced by it were 
quite as varied and equally enjoyable. In it they saw the study of the past in the 
ornaments, dress, and weapons, which had been entomed for centuries ; the flint and 
stone remains which carried them back to pre-historic times ; the megalithic monument 
that marked the dawn of history; the coin cabinet that contained so many marvellous 
histories of individuals and countries ; the illuminated manuscripts that take us back 
to the cultured and patient love-labour of the cloister ; the engraved gem of the advanced 
civilisation of Greece and Rome, and of the earlier engravers, the work of Egypt and 
Babylon ; the mediaeval seal and the finger ring in all its varieties of character. He 
trusted that the conversazione would be the forerunner of similar yearly gatherings, and 
that the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society and the Cork Naturalists' Field 
Club might travel hand-in-hand together for many years to come. He would now make 
way for one who was a master in the domain of science and natural history, Mr. 
William H. Shaw, president of the Cork Field Club. 

Mr. W. H. Shaw, m.e., j.p., briefly addressed those present, and explained the objects 
of the Cork Naturalists' Field Club, which were merely to give lovers of all sorts of 
natural sciences an opportunity of combining together, in the summer searching for 
objects of interest in the country, and in the winter of comparing the objects which had 
been found, and of promoting lectures upon subjects connected with their research. 
The club was formed about four years ago, chiefly owing to a lecture that was given 
by Mr. Copeman, their indefatigable secretary. The club also owed a great deal to 
two others, whose enthusiasm for natural sciences and perfect knowledge of many 
kindred subjects had done more to develop the club than anything else. He alluded 
to Professor Hartog and Miss Martin. They had in the south of Ireland a magnificent 
field for research, and he might say that intending members would not have to face any 
such thing as a matriculation examination. 

Professor Cole, f.g.s., president Dublin Naturalists' Field Club, also spoke in a 
most interesting style on the motives and aims of the Field Club, after which the 
conversazione was declared open. 

The display of exhibits was of an extensive and comprehensive character, and 
illustrated to a large degree the scope and resources of the joint societies associated 
with the conversazione. Both the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, and the 
Cork Naturalists' Field Club were represented by many exhibitors, whose specimens 
drawn from nature and art, were antique, rare, or costly. Mr. Robert Day, F.S.A., without 
whom no exhibitions of the class would be complete, showed the flags of the Cork 
Volunteers, with the medals and regimental decorations of the First Volunteers of 17S2 
and 1796, and many other curiosities. He was only represented by a fraction of his 
well-known collection, but the selections were very interesting. There were flags of 
the Cork Volunteers and Yeomanry decorations. Among the Volunteer decorations 
were the C.B. gold star, and cross and gold medal for Java, given to Lieutenant-Colonel 
James Watson, of the 1st Battalion 14th Regiment, who led the storming party at 
Java ; gold medal for Salamanca ; gold medal for the Egyptian campaign of 1S01, given 
by the Sultan to Robert Fulton, who commanded the 79th Highlanders. A unique 
exhibit was the standard of the Old Blackpool Horse of 1790, which is in a wonderful 
of preservation. There were also to be seen in Mr. Day's collection a fine show 
of early bronze and gold Celtic ornaments. A rare exhibit were the chalices of the 
Franciscan and Dominican Fathers. These articles, all consecrated, were enclosed in 
a glass case, and some are of almost priceless value. They included a ciborium, silver- 
gilt, date 1614; chalices, silver-gilt, dates 1610, 1611, 1632, 1639, 1741, etc., from the 


Abbeys of Shandon, Timoleague, Youghal, Buttevant, and Ardfert ; a silver monstrance 
of the Convent of St. Francis, Cork, 1789, with the Cork Goldsmiths mark, "sterling." 
Some of the chalices were of Cork work, and others of Spanish make. Mr. W. R. 
Atkins showed a curious bassoon, or contra fayotto, standing eight feet high. It was 
made for Handel in the year 1739 by Stanesby, junr., London. It was first played 
upon in Handel's orchestra at the Marylebone Gardens on the 6th August, 1739, by 

F. J. Lange, and afterwards used at the commemoration festival in 1784 by John 
Ashby, in Westminster Abbey. Amongst other interesting exhibits made were those 
of Mr. Greenwood Pirn, m.a., Dublin, who showed photographs of the Book of Kells 
taken by himself. Professor G. A. J. Cole, f.g.s., president Dublin N. F. C, phyolitic 
lavas, including natural glass from the volcano of Tardree, county Antrim, and 
enlarged photographs of features of the Higher Alps, illustrating phenomena of glacial 
areas, by the late W. F. Donkin (lent from the Geological Laboratory, Royal College 
of Science for Ireland). Professor T. Johnson,, Dublin N. F. C, sent Alpine 
flowers, prepared by Lady Rachel Saunderson ; coloured drawings of freshwater algae, 
by M. C. Cook; rare Irish seaweeds, all exquisite specimens of their class. Mr. G. H. 
Carpenter,, Dublin N. F. C, set of Irish moths, illustrating variation, and insects, 
illustrating protective coloration and mimicry, were very fine. Mr. R. Lloyd Praeger, 
B.A., b.e., hon. sec. Dublin N. F. C. and I. F. Club Union, showed flowering plants 
gathered at the last Galway excursion of the club, and many other specimens of rare 
Irish flowering plants. Mr. W. H. Phillips, F.R.H.S., Belfast N. F. C, was represented 
by nature prints of rare varieties of British ferns ; and Mr. Robert Welch, Belfast 
N. F. C, by photographs of Galway Field Club conference and excursion, 1895. 
Professor M. Hartog, m.a., d.s.c, Queen's College, had on exhibition type specimens 
of rotifers, prepared by C. Rousselet, f.r.m.s. ; live objects illustrating pond life ; 
palaeolitic flint instruments from India, collected by Dr. J. C. Smith ; and Miss H. A. 
Martin, Siamese flowers, pressed, mounted, and named, by Mrs. G. H. Grindrod, 
Bangkok. Mr. R. A. Phillips, rare and characteristic plants of county Cork, land and 
freshwater shells ; and Mr. J. J. Wolfe, Skibbereen, some British moths and butterflies. 
The Misses Chillingworth and Lester exhibited fifty botanical specimens from Cross- 
haven, pressed and mounted. Mr. W. B. Barrington, sea birds' and waders' eggs ; 
and Mrs. J. H. Thompson, microscopes — live objects. Mr. H. Lund showed photo- 
graphic transparencies, snap-shots on the Field Club excursions. Mr. F. R. Rohu, 
rare specimens, black rat, squacco heron, white shrew, etc. Mr. T. Farrington, m.a., 
geological specimens, telescopic speculums made in Cork in the last century, and Irish 
paper money, 1804-1806. Mr. F. Neale, hon. sec. Limerick N. F. C, specimens of 

G. quadra, G.rhamni, Dolomedesfimbriata, etc. Mr. Herbert Webb Gillman, vice-president 
Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, the colours of the Muskerry Cavalry (lent 
by the owner, Captain R. Tonson Rye, of Rye Court) ; orderly book of the same 
corps, 1822-44 (lent by Sir Augustus Warren, bart., of Warren's Court), and other 
exhibits. Mr. J. P. Dalton presented the statue of William III. formerly in the 
Mansion House, Cork) ; and Mr. Allan P. Swan, F.L.S., pho tographs of micro-fungi, 
including salmon disease. Mr. W. B. Haynes, coat of an Irish volunteer. Mr. J. H. 
Bennett, Galway rent roll, temp. Elizabeth ; petition of Kinsale fishermen, temp- 
Charles I. ; and the Munster Camera Club, frames of photographic transparencies 
exhibited by Messrs. W. R. Atkins, R. S. Baker, J. Bennett, J. Day, E. Scott, H. 
Schroter, and C. H. Pearne. The Cross of the Knight of St. Gregory, worn by the 
late Mr. John Francis Maguire, m.p., Mayor of Cork, and the collar, badge, diploma, 
and notes of Mr. John Delany, Commendatore of the Order of the Advocates of 
St. Peter, were to be seen among the exhibits to the conversazione. 


Alter the opening of the entertainment an interesting concert was introduced under 
the direction of Mrs. Edwin Hall, when solos or instrumental pieces were presented by 
Mrs. Broadley, Miss L. Henderson Williams, the Misses M'Namara, Mr. J. M. 
Fitzgibbon, Miss H. E. Beale, Mr. Gray, Mr. Jack, and Mrs. Hall. The conceit formed 
a very pleasant variety with the pleasures of the evening. 

Praise must be given to the executives of the societies that promoted the con- 
versazione, and in an especial degree to Mr. J. P. Dalton for the useful, attractive, 
and in many ways novel entertainment that was arranged. 

It is to be hoped that our Society will be drawn closer by this to the Naturalists' 
Field Club and the Camera Club, and that this conversazione may become an annual 
event on extended lines ; and we take this opportunity of thanking our friends (for the 
Naturalist Field Club as well as ourselves) who sent exhibits, especially those who 
came from a distance, as also the ladies and gentlemen who assisted in the musical 
part of the entertainment which so much enlivened the evening. 

Che l^ude Stone jMonuments oj this and other j.ands. 

N 17th March a lecture was delivered for our Society at the Imperial Hotel 
by Dr. Ringrose Atkins, of Waterford, on the " Rude Stone Monuments 
of this and other Lands/' It was illustrated by superb photographic 
lime-light views of cromlechs and kindred stone structures taken by the 
lecturer. To say that the lecture was interesting would be only giving a 
faint idea of the enormous amount of information conveyed in it on this subject, which 
is now exciting a good deal of interest among antiquarians, as these cromlechs are 
found in well defined districts from the east bank of the Jordan, through North Africa, 
western coasts of Spain and Portugal, Brittany, and Ireland — abundantly so in the 
county Cork. The erection of these monuments must have been carried out by 
numbers of men, as the covering stone of one, the lecturer mentioned, weighed by 
estimate one hundred and ten tons, and was elevated on three other stones several feet 
from the ground. The lecturer adopted the view that these cromlechs were never 
covered over with earth as was generally believed, but were places at which the spirits 
of the deceased ancestors of the race who erected them were worshipped, interments 
having taken place under and around them. 


Jsfotes and Queries. 


Contributed by Rev. J. F. Lynch : The Legend of Birdhill. 
G. D. Lunib: Cork Families. 
Rev. H. E. Ruby. "A Chapter on Posies." 

The Legend of Birdhill. — Some time ago in the Journal I had occasion to 
refer to Birdhill, a few miles north of Limerick, and not far from Newport. It occurred 
to me then that there was some old story told about the hill to account for the name, 
and on enquiring from an old man named John Sadleir, now living in Caherconlish, 
but a native of Newport, he gave me an interesting legend, the substance of which I 
now give, merely adding a few particulars respecting the personages mentioned. 

It happened that after the terrible battle, or series of battles which were waged for 
a year and a day at Ventry Harbour, between the forces of the world, under Daire 
Donn, "the brown," and the standing army of Erinn, commanded by Fionn McCumhaill, 
the son of the latter, Oisin, " little fawn," was enticed away to Tir na n-og, "land of the 
youth," where he spent nearly two hundred years in the enjoyment of the pleasures of 
that delightful country. At the end of that period he felt a longing desire to come 
back to Erinn, to revisit his old haunts, and see his old comrades, never imagining that 
during his stay in the "Land of the Youth" Fionn and his warriors had long since 
mouldered in the dust. Oisin's wife, the daughter of the king of the "Land of the 
Youth," was very reluctant to let him depart, but at last she consented, giving him a white 
steed, and ordering him to stay on this steed's back during his sojourn in Erinn, for if 
he once touched the soil of Erinn dire would be the consequence. Oisin promised 
faithfully to obey her and set out gladly, but great was his sorrow on his arrival in 
Erinn to find all his old comrades dead and gone, and the country so greatly changed. 
One day as he was riding slowly along, thinking sadly on the past glories of Erinn, a 
poor widow called to him to raise a heavy weight for her. He stooped down and 
lifted the weight, but in the exertion of so doing the golden girth on the white steed 
broke, and he immediately galloped off to Tir na n-og, leaving Oisin behind, who on 
touching the ground became at once an old man, poor, blind, and helpless. In this 
extremity Oisin betook him to St. Patrick, who was then in Erinn. St. Patrick received 
him gladly, admitted him to his table, and made a Christian of the old pagan. A 
veritable thorn in the flesh he, however, proved to be to the saint, for he was always 
grumbling about one thing or the other, but more especially about his food. His daily 
rations were a large meskin of butter, a griddle of bread, and a quarter of beef;" but 
being a giant he had an enormous appetite, and demanded far more than St. Patrick 
was able or willing to give him. One day, in the course of a long altercation with 
St. Patrick on the usual topic, Oisin said, in a burst of rage, that in his father Fionn's 
time an ivy-leaf was larger than St. Patrick's griddle of bread, a rowan berry than his 
meskin of butter, and a quarter of blackbird than his quarter of beef. St. Patrick gave 
him the lie ; but Oisin said he was no liar, that the Fians of Erinn always spoke the 
truth, and that if St. Patrick would give him a boy to guide him he would bring those 
three things to him, the ivy leaf, the rowan berry, and the quarter of blackbird, and so 
prove the truth of his words. St. Patrick having agreed, Oisin and the boy set off, 
accompanied by Oisin's dog, Bran's pup. Bran, the mother of this pup, was a truly 


remarkable dog. None like her may now be found in Erinn. She was the favourite 
and the swiftest hound of Fionn McCumhaill, but had not always been a dog, having 
been, before the metamorphosis into a dog, the son of Fergus, the fair-haired King of 
Ulster. The following lines show this, which I take from the Fenian poem, entitled 
Sejlo *UuC4 'Dfi40J5e4C'G4 2lor}5lljf* 4T) #11054, "The Chase of the Enchanted 
Pigs of /Enghus An Bhrogha ": — 

" I^tiU45 -dujt;, 433fi4)r) bu4t>4?5 bjrjrj, 
91 rhjc pe4it5iif4 $0)lv ym ; 
M4 , ce4]xr)4j|* 5r))oii) ttjoIt;4, 

2t)4JX 'DO ti)4|lb4)|* "CO C0ti)-'D4l'C4. 

'o|iiuc4 ce4T> "ointce 45 t;-4t4]lt, 

)T5]]t COlll 434f* 4C4)t) ; 

B4 cujrrjrje ne'e' ji4e "outg, 

TjM bejt 4"D ce4r)r) 4p. cor)4ju^." 

"Sad it is to thee, sweet, victorious Bran, 
O son of Fergus of the fair hair, 

That thou did'st not perform some praiseworthy deed 
Before thou slew thy foster-brother. 

Thirty territories thy father has 
Between woods and plains; 
Thou shalt remember for thy day 
Being chief over hounds." 

Bran was known by the following marks : — 

" Cof*4 buj-ce bj 4[i -6|i4rj, 

21 T>4 T^eb T>ub 'f4 "C4|X 364l ; 

4>|injn) |-ii4)T;i))'D('- Of CC4i)t] yels, 
)y *C4 ('lu4)f ooncit4 cort)-t;eit3." 

"Yellow legs had Bran, 
Her two sides black, and her belly white ; 
A speckled back over her loins, 
And two ears crimson, equal red." 

Bran had pups, and immediately Oisin commanded a sheep to be killed, and the fresh 
skin to be fastened against a wall. An attendant was then ordered to stand some distance 
from the skin and dash eacli pup with full force against it. All the luckless pups 
perished, except one, and that one clung on to the skin, which it began to devour. 
Oisin, on hearing this, gave directions that the pup should be reared and well treated, 
remarking that it was the makings of a good dog. And this is the dog which accom- 
panied Oisin and the boy, and which is known in Irish legendary lore as Bran's pup. 
Oisin and the boy and the pup in the course of their travels arrived at the hill now 
called Birdhill, which they ascended until they reached a cave, the entrance of which 
was barred by an immense boulder. Oisin ordered the boy to roll away the stone, but 
the boy laughed, and said ten men could not do it. Oisin then requested the boy to 
lead him up to it, and placing one hand on it he pushed it aside. He then com- 
manded the boy to enter the cave and tell him what he saw ; the boy said there was a 


horn hanging on the wall, and on Oisin bidding him bring it to him, he said three men 
could not raise it. Oisin then, guided by the boy, took it himself. This was the Dord 
Fiann, or hunting horn of the Fians. The three then went to the top of the hill where 
Oisin sounded the Dord Fiann, and immediately a number of blackbirds were seen 
winging their way to the hill. "Do you see a fine bird amongst them?" asked Oisin. 
" No," replied the boy. The Dord Fiann was sounded a second time, with the result 
of a still larger number of blackbirds responding to the summons. " Do you see a fine 
bird amongst them ?" again demanded Oisin. " No," replied the boy. For the third 
time the Dord Fiann was sounded. "Do you see a fine bird now?" said Oisin 
to the boy. "I see a bird," he shrieked in terror, "larger than a cow, making 
for us. " Loose the pup," commanded Oisin. The pup and the bird had a desperate 
struggle which lasted for several hours, but at last the dog succeeded in killing the 
bird. The dog, however, got mad from excitement, and immediately rushed in the 
direction of Oisin and the boy with his mouth wide open, and a thick cloud of steam 
rising from his head. The boy shouted to Oisin that the pup was coming on madly, and 
Oisin told the boy to take a ball of lead and throw it into the pup's mouth, saying that 
unless they killed the pup, the pup would kill them. The boy being afraid, Oisin 
ordered the boy to place him in the pup's path, and he then flung the ball into the 
dog's mouth and killed him. 

The peasantry always destroy a dog's first pups, for if permitted to live they will be 
sure to go mad. An old man told me that this happens from Bran's pup (a first pup) 
having gone mad. Oisin procured the rowan berry and the ivy leaf down by the 
Shannon, in the woods of Ballyvalley, and taking a quarter of the bird, the ivy leaf, 
and the rowan berry home to St. Patrick, he thus proved that his statement was true. 

O'Donovan gives the Irish name of this hill CrjOC4n 4r) 6)r) p)X)t), which he trans- 
lates, "the hill of the white bird ;" and says " that it is stated in the pedigree of Mac 
I-Brien Arra there was a castle here belonging to a younger branch of the family, but 
no trace of it is now visible." 

This castle was standing in Dineley's time (1680), for he gives one of his rough 
sketches of it. 

The meaning of the Irish name of the hill seems to knock the bottom out of the 
legend, for John Sadleir was quite positive that the bird was black and not white. It 
may be noticed, however, that he has used the adjective " fine" three times with refer- 
ence to the bird, and O'Reilly gives " fine" as one of the meanings of "Fjonrj. 

Some other places, Glenasmoil, near Dublin, and Sliab-na-m-ban, county Tipperary, 
claim to be the scene of this legend. John Sadleir heard it over sixty years ago in 
Newport. It is, however, a rehash of several legends by some old Seanachaidh of the 
last century. J. F. Lynch. 

Cork Families.— The following persons, or some of them, were probably natives 
of Cork, and I shall be glad if anyone can identify them as such : — Mr. Gourney, 
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Fowkes, Mr. and Mrs. May, Mrs. Frank Warden, Mr. William 
Mawman, Mr. Peter Lucas, Miss Lidia Warden, Mr. Thomas Jacomb, Mr. Whiting, 
Mrs. Spiller, Mr. Major, Mrs. Crathorn, and Mr. William Foxley. They are mentioned 
as living from 1742 to 1753 in family notes written in a Prayer Book and Bible by 
Mr. William Carew, of Lisbon, merchant, son of Mr. Thomas Carevv, of Cork, by his 
marriage with Susannah Frankland, of Ashgrove, which notes have been printed in the 
Miscellanea Gcnealogica, second series, vol. iv., p. 321, and third series, vol. i., p. 28. 

G. D. Lumb. 



" A Chapter on Posies." — I find the following posy does not occur in the list 
given in the interesting paper by Mr. Day in your last number : — "The gift and giver 
are yours for ever." This posy is inscribed on the inside surface of the wedding ring 
given by my maternal grandfather, Henry Bennett, author of the " Steamboat," to his 
bride, Miss Sarah Colbourne. H. E. Ruby. 

Original J)ocuiT[ents. 

SnDej; fteetamentorum olim in IRcgtstro Coxc&Qix. 

No. Name. 

418 Barret, Allen, of Corke 

419 Bishop, William, of Kinsale 

420 Breton, Noblet, of Corke, gent. 

421 Becher, Lionel, of the Island of Sherkin 

422 Biggs, Issac, of Bandon 

423 Barter, William, ol Affolard 

424 Batty, Richard, of Passage . . 

425 Browne, Joseph, of Corke . . 

426 Beare, William, of Lisbon . . 

427 Budd, Mary, of Corke 

428 Banfield, William (a copy only; I know not how it came into this 

office) (sic). 

429 Bunworth, Ben., of Corke . . 

430 Bryan, Darby, of Corke 

431 Browne, George, of Corke .. 

432 Beare, Christr., of Corke 

433 Beamish, Thomas, of Corke 

434 Bennett, Thomas, of Litter 

435 Brien, John, of Garrane, county Corke, butcher 

436 Bennett, Osman, ol Kilgarruff, farmer 

437 Barns, John, of Corke 

438 Bussy, Mary, of Corke 

439 Bread)', William, of Cork, cooper 

440 Biggs, Rebecca, of Bandon, widow 

441 Bohan, William, of Corke, weaver 

442 Blake, William, of Corke . . 

443 Bruce, David, of Corke, mercht. 

444 Baker, John, of Rockfort, hatter 

445 Bayly, Joseph, of Kinsale, tanner 

446 Breton, Eliz., of Cork, widow 

447 Bishop, Thos., lieutenant in his Maj><-\ service 
44S Bayly, John, rect. and vie. of Inshigeelagh 
44<) Barry, John, of Cold Harbour 

450 Bennett, Richard, of Ballingully 

451 Bready, Margaret, of the city of Cork, widow. 

452 Beamish, Mary, of Bandon 







No. Name. 

453 Beamish, Richard, of Balliva 

454 Bruce, George, of Cork, esq. 

455 Bowden, Mary, of Kinsale 

456 Barry, Redmond, of Cork, gent. 

457 Bruce, Dr. Lewis, clics. 

458 Busteed, Thomas, of Ballinrea, gent. 

459 Briant, Esther, a/s. Dun, of Kinsale, widow 

460 Barry, David, of Bandon, clothier 

461 Bready, Mary, wife of B. Bready, of Cork 

462 Burt, Richard, of Cork, plumber 

463 Byrne, Richard, of Cork 

464 Bishop, Hester, of Kinsale, widow . . 

465 Browne, Mary, of Cork, widow 

466 Bready, Jane, of Cork, widow 

467 Browne, Francis 

468 Busteed, Jonathan, of Dondanian 

469 Buckly, Martin, of Barnahaly 

470 Bright, Robert, 2nd mr. on board the " Winchester " 

471 Blake, John, of Cork, publican 

472 Barry, John, of Ballyhooly 

473 Boyle, James, of Cork, taylor 

474 Brien, Thomas, of Lehinough, farmer 

475 Bohilly, John, of Gortacurrig, farmer 

476 Barry, Thomas, of Mallow Lane, gent. 

477 Barry, Nicholas, of Shandon Street, grocer 

478 Barry, Ellinor, wife of John Barry 

479 Browne, William, of Bandon, joiner 

480 Bigly, Thomas . . 

481 Browne, Samuel, of Cork, mercht. 

482 Browne, Thomas, of Cork, esq. 

483 Bruen, William, of Cork, writing clerk 

484 Barry, John, of Currow, solr., liberties of C, farmer 

485 Birchill, John, of Naghill, victualler . . 

486 Bridges, Richd. Bullen, revenue boatman 

487 Bucham, Anthony, of Fair Lane, hewer 

488 Buckley, John, of Loghlig, boatman 

489 Butler, Francis, of Cork, cooper 

490 Beamish, Richard, of Raharoon, esq. 

491 Barrett, Thomas, of Cork, gent. 

492 Barry, John, of S. Main Street, breechmaker 

493 Bernard, John, of Bandon, esqr. 

494 Byron, Mary, of Kinsale, widow 

495 Bayly, Samuel, of Ballincarrig 

496 Boston, Mary, of Cork, widow 

497 Barrett, Patrick, of Lehinough, S. Lib. of C, farmer 

498 Bull, Susanna, of Cork, spinster 

499 Baldwin, Henry, of Newcourt 

500 Bromell, Samuel, of Cork, ironmonger 

501 Browne, Jane, of Kinsale, spinster . . 




No. Name. Year. 

502 Barrett, Edmond, of Cork, wine cooper .. .. .. 1792 

503 Bernard, Arthur, of Bandon, esq. .. .. .. .. 1792 

504 Bird, Ursula, of Barrack Street, Cork, widow . . . . . . 1792 

505 Baldwin, Samuel, of Sugar Lane, Bandon, glazier . . . . 1792 

506 Bishop, Jane, of Kinsale, widow .. .. ,. .. 1792 

507 Buby, Thomas, of Cork, shopkeeper .. .. .. 1793 

508 Brick, Daniel, of Evergreen, gent. . . . . . . . . 1793 

509 Bucklin, William, of Cork, slater . . . . . . . . 1793 

510 Barter, Mary, of Cork, spinster .. .. .. .. 1794 

511 Browne, Mary, of Bandon .. .. .. .. 1794 

512 Bowler, Ann, of Kinsale, widow .. ., .. .. 1794 

513 Birchill, John, of Bandon .. .. ,. .. .. 1794 

514 Buchanan, Rev. Thomas, rect. of St. Paul's, Cork . . . . 1794 

515 Bullen, William, of Kinsale, gent. .. .. .. ,. 1795 

516 Bagnell, Matthew, of Cork, watchmaker .. .. .. 1795 

517 Bishop, George, of Kinsale, gent. .. .. .. .. 1795 

518 Bernard, Thomas, ol Palace Ann, esq. .. .. .. 1795 

519 Boyer, James, of Cork . . . . . . . . . . 1795 

520 Barret, D. (not returned by Mr. Armstrong, surrogate) . . 1796 

521 Bell, William Henry, quartermaster . . . . . . . . 1796 

522 Bruce, Walter, of Bandon, weaver .. .. .. .. 1796 

523 Bowden, St. Laurence, of Dunmanway, gent. . . .. .. 1796 

524 Beale, Caleb, of Spring Mount, mercht. .. .. .. 1796 

525 Busteed, Jane, of Bandon, widow .'. .. .. .. 1796 

526 Beecher, Edward, of Lodge, esq. .. .. .. .. 1797 

527 Barry, Michael, of Timoleague .. .. .. .. 1797 

528 Brady, Bartholomew, of Cork, shopkeeper .. .. .. 1797 

529 Barrett, David, of Cork, grocer . . . . . . . . 1798 

530 Burchill, Solomon, of Kilbeg, county Cork, farmer .. .. 1798 

531 Bryan, Jane, of Cork, spinster .. .. .. .. 1798 

532 Beamish, Susanna, of Cork, spinster .. .. .. 1799 

533 Boyle, John, of Boylesgrove a!s, Doumcarra, gent. .. .. iSco 

534 Barry, John, of Cork, inuholder .. .. .. .. i8co 

535 Brabazon, Blaney, of Horse Hill, esq. . . . . . . iSco 

536 Barry, John, of Maypole Road, publican .. .. .. 1800 

537 Bohane, Timothy, of Camp Hill, Kinsale, farmer .. .. 1801 

538 Bateman, Edward, of Glenduff, farmer .. .. .. 1801 

539 Bennett, Richard, of Cork, gent. .. .. .. .. 1801 

540 Baldwin, Walter, of Mountpleasant, esq. .. .. .. 1S02 

541 Bennett, John, of Maryborough .. .. .. .. 1S02 

542 Barry, Thomas, of Tinnegerah, farmer .. .. .. 1802 

543 Busteed, Francis, of Cork, esq. .. .. .. .. 1S03 

544 Banfield, Thomas, of Shinnagh, gent. .. .. .. 1803 

Supplementary Indlx 10 Wills, 1S02 to 1S33. 

(See Note p. 479, No. 10, Vol. i., Second S 
No. N.\ 

545 Beamish, Elizabeth, of Kilmalody . . . . . . 2y8 

546 Blake, Catherine . . . . . . . . . . 400 



No. Name. 

547 Berkeley, Rev. George 

548 Barry, James 

549 Bradshaw, Thomas, Sunday's Well 

550 Ball, James, of Cork, brewer 

551 Burchill, Mary, of Bandon 

552 Bernard, William . . 

553 Browne, Rebecca . . 

554 Boyle, Jeremiah 

555 Brick, Edward 

556 Baker, Robert, of Cork 

557 Bird, George, of Blackpool 

558 Beamish, Townsend 

(To be continued.) 


Review oj }3oo)\\ 

" Chapters in an Adventurous Life — Sir Richard Church in Italy 
and Greece." By E. M. Church. (Blackwood & Sons, 1895). 

The subject of these memoirs was a son of Mr. Matthew Church, merchant, of this 
city, and was sent by his father to a Quaker school, but ran away from it before he was 
sixteen, and enlisted. He was subsequently gazetted ensign of the 13th Somerset- 
shire Light Infantry in 1800, and was in that year disowned by the " Connection." 
In 181 1, after seeing much service in these stirring times, he became major, and in 
1 813 (with permission) took service as general under King Ferdinand of Naples, in 
order to suppress the secret societies with which Apulia was infested. The extent 
brigandage and murder was carried on in that district is almost incredible, and the 
book requires to be read to gain any idea of it. The worst of these societies was the 
" Decisi," the founder and chief of which was Ciro Annichiarico, a priest who had 
abjured all religion. The first qualification for initiation into his band was the proof 
that the proposed member had committed at least two murders with his own hand. 
This wretch was hunted down by General Church, his band completely destroyed, and 
Apulia totally freed from the brigands. 

General Church was treated by the Bourbons in the shabbiest manner after they had 
got all the service they required from him, and crossed over to Greece, where the war of 
liberation from Turkish rule was then waging. He was made generalissimo of the 
Greek army, and assisted so much in freeing the country that he was made a member 
of the State Council, and in 1836 inspector-general of the army. In 1844 he became a 
senator, and lived for the remainder of his life in Athens, dying there in 1873 at the 
age of ninety. The king and Greek nation buried him with every possible mark of 
respect, and erected a splendid monument over his remains. The book reads more 
like a romance than history from the wild scenes General Church went through in 
Apulia, but the events are amply corroborated by letters and extracts from State 

As the account of the life of a brave and good son of Cork, the book is well 
entitled to a notice in this Journal, and we can recommend it to our readers as worthy 
of perusal. D. F. 

Second Series. — Vol. II., No. 17.] 

May, 1S96. 

^ r / 



Cork Historical & Archaeological 


jViuskerry Yeomanry, Co. Cork, ar\d their Grqes. 

Part I. 1796-1799. 
By HERBERT WEBB GILLMAN, B.L., Vice-President. 

Preface.— In the first article in the present volume there appeared "Notes from 
the Orderly Book of the Muskerry Cavalry, between the years 1803 and 1806." The 
present paper is designed to afford a history of the corps from its inception in 1796 
through the troublous times of the three years that followed. The greater part of the 
materials whence it is prepared is found in papers left by the writer's grandfather, 
who had a fad for collecting newspapers and documents of a public or semi-public 
nature, and who generally illustrated each with notes from his own hand. As the 
interest in the yeomanry is not confined to Muskerry, it is sought to show how the 
details of the work done by the corps lit into the general history of the period. — 
II. W. (■ 

S the raising of the Muskerry and other Irish yeomanry 
in 1 796 marked an important stage in the troubles of 
distracted Ireland during the preceding and succeeding 
decades, it is desirable to recall to mind the historical 
facts that led up to the formation of the corps. In 
[782 Grattan and the Volunteers had forced from the 
Whig Government the grant of what would nowadays 
be called Home Rule, a veritable legislative disunion between Ireland 
and Great Britain ; but it was a sort of Home Rule by which only the 
Protestant ascendency gained. The position of the Irish peasants was 
not alleviated thereby ; they were ripe for rebellion, and for many years 


had filled Ireland with outrages, directed very much against rent-collec- 
tors and tithe-proctors. In Munster there arose the society calling 
themselves " White Boys," and the followers of " Captain Right." 

The government executive was not strong enough to keep order. 
Catholic and peasant outrages were met by counter-outrages of their 
opponents, and a cruel strife of opposing religionists began in Munster. In 
the north, where difference of religion was more pronounced, Protestants 
in self-defence, but illegally, began to deprive Roman Catholics of their 
arms ; and these latter then formed themselves into lawless societies called 
" Defenders," against whom the famous Orange lodges were organised ; 
and thus in the north also a cruel civil strife began. 

While Ireland was in this miserable condition the news of the great 
French Revolution arrived. But the class at first most influenced 
thereby was the northern Presbyterians and dissenters, republican by 
their origin ; and Belfast became one of the great centres of republican 
and Jacobin feelings, together with Dublin where the free-thinking 
elements of society were chiefly to be found. The Catholics, at the 
same time, showed signs of disunion among themselves ; those higher 
in the social scale were not averse to the English connection, but 
sought for the alleviation of their disabilities by parliamentary reform, 
and entrusted their interests to the care of a central committee in Dublin. 
Pitt himself was favourable to their claims ; and something like friendly 
relations existed between the English government and the bishops and 
the more educated portion of the Catholics. Their church in general 
stood true to its habitual opposition to atheism and disorder — a spirit 
which explains such acts as the address of seven Roman Catholic bishops 
of Munster, in June, 1798, to their clergy, who were therein called on to 
warn their flocks of the " calamities both temporal and eternal which 
they were likely to bring on themselves by unlawful oaths and associa- 
tions." The lower orders of Catholics on the other hand were waging a 
lawless war in the south and in the north. There was also a third party 
in the unhappy country, consisting of nominal dissenters in the north, 
freethinkers in Dublin and elsewhere, who sought aid from France to 
destroy the English connection. 

The two parties last mentioned were the most dangerous to the 
Government, but they were weak as long as they remained separate ; 
and Wolfe Tone, with others like him, seeing this, managed to bring 
them together, and thus founded the great party of the "United Irishmen." 
Pitt conscientiously compelled the Irish Parliament to carry out his 
measures for the relief of the Roman Catholics ; but the concessions came 
too late, and the Catholic demands were increased ; and, owing to their 
belief that intimidation would be effective to secure their ends, riots and 


outrages became common all over Ireland, the " Defenders " became 
active again, many houses of Protestants were robbed, one hundred and 
eighty being attacked in Munster alone, and many savage murders were 
committed. These were met by the passing of what is known as the 
" Convention Bill," directed against the convention in Dublin, and 
strengthening the hands of the executive in dealing with illegal meet- 
ings. This and other measures reduced the hopes of the United Irishmen 
to a low degree, so that finally, in 1794, they determined to seek the 
assistance of France believing themselves unable to carry out their 
revolution single-handed, and the lower Catholics made common cause 
with the United Irishmen. But one result of this was the separation 
of the Protestants of the north from the disaffected body ; and the 
fight became that most hateful one of all, a war of religions between 
Catholic revolutionaries and Protestant upholders of the settled govern- 

Lord Camden, the lord lieutenant, by care and wisdom managed for 
two years to stave off an open outbreak ; but his measures lacked the 
force necessary to quell the angry passions of the time. The Government 
had information that in 1795 the plans of insurrection had been nearly 
perfected ; to meet which the authorities had scarcely any English troops, 
and only about ten thousand invalids and fencibles, and a militia who 
were almost to a man members of the society of United Irishmen. 
Informers told how Lord Edward Fitzgerald and others had met General 
Hoche and arranged for a French invasion, and that there existed a 
body of two hundred thousand men already officered, of whom one hun- 
dred and fifty thousand had been provided with pikes or muskets. It 
became then absolutely necessary for Government to raise a trustworthy 
force, and this force was the Yeomanry, consisting mostly of Protestants, 
but containing a good admixture of the other religion also, as the mustei 
roll of the Muskerry body, among others, shows. Their numbers, all 
being volunteers, soon reached thirty-seven thousand throughout Ireland. 
Orangemen were strictly excluded by the Lord Lieutenant. 

The pages of Musgrave and Maxwell detail many of the massacres 
and horrors committed by the insurgents at this period ; that there were 
sharp retaliatory acts, unmerciful whippings, and short shrift, miscalled 
justice, on the other side, cannot be doubted. The foregoing hasty 
sketch of the times immediately precedent may serve partly t<> explain 
the cause of the intense bitterness of the opposing parties in Ireland 
which led to those unhappy deeds. May our country learn the le 
taught by its history, and may its people under equal laws become a united 
people, as did the conquered Anglo-Saxon and the conquering Normans 
in England many centuries a 



Flag ok the Muskerry Cavalry, 1822. 

(Fran the original in the f'esscssion of Captain Richard Tonson Rye. of Ryeceurt.) 

[Description. — On holding the flag with the pole in the right hand and the outer hinge in 
the left, the British side of it faces the observer. The size is two feet from pole to outer edge 
and two feet two inches from top to bottom, exclusive of the gold fringe all round, two inches 
wide. This side is of satin of a bluish mauve or purple hue ; in the centre are the letters "G. R." 
inside a circular scroll of white satin one inch wide, which bears in capital letters the words 
" King and Constitution." This scroll is surmounted by the Royal Crown worked in gold wire 
and lined with crimson velvet. Above the crown, on a white satin scroll, one inch and a-half 
wide, are the words "Muskerry Cavalry." All letters on the flag are worked in gold sequins. 



On the righl of the central scroll is a spray of moss roses and leaves, and on the left one of oak 
leaves and acorns all in natural colours. Below these sprays is a scroll of white satin, one inch 
and a-halfwide, bearing the words— Pro Arts et Focis (" foi our altars and hearths"), which was 
wittily translated by the corps a- " for our horses and foxes." At each corner is the white horse 

of Hanover. 

The other side of the flag is the Irish side, and is of brighl red satin, which looks still quite 
fresh. In the centre is the Irish harp worked in gold wire and sequins, and has on its right a 
spraj of palm leaves, and on its left one of laurel ! turus Nobilis), represented conven- 

tionally as usual in coats of arms.— (Mr. Phillips). The harp is surmounted by the 
Crown as on the othei side : and the rest of the work and scrolls is same as on Other side. ] 


Athlone appears to have the honor of being the first to offer to raise 
yeomanry. In August, 1796, the inhabitants addressed the Lord Lieu- 
tenant offering to embody themselves " for the defence and protection of 
their town and neighbourhood," and to help to frustrate the hopes of 
" traitors who are exciting insurrection, in order to make the descent of 
an invading enemy more practicable, and to take advantage of the naked 
and defenceless state of the kingdom if the regular troops be drawn 
off." This expresses very well the popular loyal view of the use of the 
corps. Early in the next month Government determined to " embody a 
certain number of cavalry and infantry in each county, to preserve the 
peace while the army and militia are engaged in protecting the coasts 
against invasion." Before the end of that month the authorities received 
offers from all parts of Ireland to adopt any mode of national defence 
which they should direct. Government issued certain regulations, apply- 
ing to the corps raised in each barony, among them were these :— 
1st, Every member shall take the oath of allegiance to His Majesty, 
as now framed for the different denominations of loyal subjects, i.e. of any 
religion ; 2nd, shall exercise on certain days in their own neighbour- 
hood ; and 3rd, shall suppress riot and disturbance in their own barony 
and that next to it. If any corps should offer voluntarily to serve beyond 
their baronies, or with the regular troops, they were to be under the 
Mutiny Act and military law, and in such case were to receive constant 
pay. In October numerous meetings were held in Cork city, Bandon, 
Imokilly, and Barrymore baronies, etc., and on the i/th, Muskerry came 
forward with the following public advertisement : — 

The Gentlemen of the baronies of East and West Muskerry are requested to meet 
at the Court House in Macromp, on Monday, the 24th of Oct. inst., for the purpose of 
Imbodying themselves, under the sanction of the Government, to preserve the present 
tranquility of the country. 

October 17, 1796. 

No name was appended to this document ; but it emanated from the 
YVarrenscourt family — ever foremost in promoting associations for the 
defence of good order in the county to the present day. This advertise- 
ment was circulated by hand, and also published in the Cork newspapers, 
copies of which, with postal letters, reached country places in the way 
usual then and long after — namely, any known gentleman happening 
to be in the city near the end of a week would call at the general post- 
office for all letters addressed to his locality ; these would be readily 
given to him for all classes, and they would be placed on Sunday in 
the church porch, to which expecting addressees would come and take 


On the 24th of October the meeting at Macroom was duly held. 
" Gentlemen and farmers " of all denominations attended, and they 
unanimously passed the following resolutions : — 

That we will form ourselves into an armed Corps of Cavalry, for the protection of 
Persons and Property in our Baronies, under oflicers chosen from among our Body, 
and to be approved of by Government : 

That we will serve without pay and provide our own Cloathing; but will receive 
Arms, Ammunition, and Accoutrements from Government : 

That we will obey the orders of our Officers, as long as we shall each of us chuse to 
continue Members of the Corps : 

That Augustus Warren/') esq., be appointed Captain ; Samuel Swete, esq., Lieute- 
nant ; and George Rye, esq., Cornet. 

The names of such of the members as were then enrolled, and who 
continued in the 1st troop of Muskerry Cavalry down to 1804, appear on 
pp. 2, 3 of the present volume. A fuller list in 1799 will appear fur- 
ther on. The orderly books of the corps before 1803 are not known to 
be now in existence. On 3rd December, 1796, the "gentlemen and 
yeomen" of East and West Muskerry met again at Macroom, and settled 
on their plans for keeping the country quiet, and preventing persons from 
joining the French on their expected descent on the coast of Ireland — 
a very necessary precaution, for Great Britain, being then at war with 
France, Spain, and I lolland, had few regular troops to spare for service 
in Ireland. What the work of the yeomanry was likely then to be, is 
shown by the capture about that time of an American vessel laden with 
arms and warlike stores, intended to be landed in this country ; she had 
on board " twenty thousand stand of arms, sixteen brass cannon with 
carriages, tumbrils, and every appurtenance for field service, with camp 
equipage for twenty thousand men." This capture happened opportunely, 
for on Friday, 23rd December, news reached Cork of a strong French 
fleet being sighted off Bantry bay. What followed then resembles what 
happened in England on the news of the Spanish Armada being sighted 
off the south coast of England ; all citizens capable of bearing arms 
enrolled themselves among the Loyal Cork Legion, or the Royal 
Cork Volunteers, who undertook the defence of the city, and sent off 
members to the different towns in Minister to order in the military there 

Augustus-Louis-Carre Warren, eldest son of Sir Robert Warren, first baronet, so 
created in 1 7S4. Augustus succeeded as second baronet in 181 1 ; he was M.P. for 
Cork city 1783-1790, and the first captain of the Muskerry corps. He died in 1821, 
and was succeeded by his son, Sir Augustus, third baronet, who was captain of the 
corps when re-embodied in 1822. 

George Rye was the grandfather of the present popular head of the Rye Court 
family, Captain Richard Tonsorj Rye. 


quartered, and forwarded a detachment escorting artillery to Bandon, 
where also the yeomanry corps of adjacent baronies, including Muskerry, 
were concentrated. The militia and fencibles, and such troops as could 
be spared, were started from Cork for Bantry bay, the people treating 
them hospitably on the march. Dr. Francis Moylan, Roman Catholic 
bishop of Cork, issued an address to his flock in the diocese on Christmas 
Day, impressing on them " the sacred principles of loyalty, allegiance, 
and good order," and warning them, by the example of other countries 
where the French had been received, against being seduced by false 
promises of emancipation and equalisation of property. " They come," 
said the bishop, " only to rob, plunder, and destroy." But the stars in 
their courses fought against the invaders ; a strong easterly gale dis- 
persed their fleet, and only on the 30th December did any reach Bantry 
bay — four ships of sixty-four guns, three frigates, and some smaller 
vessels. These landed five hundred men, whom the Galway Militia 
offered to attack, but were restrained till further forces should arrive. 
At another spot they attempted to land one hundred and fifty men, but 
were checked by the fencibles, to whom a crowd of peasantry, armed 
with every weapon they could lay hand on, joined themselves. By the 
5th January, 1797, all the French ships had left the coast, the General 
being disappointed in the expectation of the country rising to aid the 
foreign soldiers. On the 26th January — it is pleasant to record it — a 
solemn Te Deum, high mass and thanksgiving were offered up at Carey's 
Lane chapel, Cork, for " the happy escape we had from our invading 
foes." At this epoch there were embodied in Ireland thirty thousand 
effective yeomanry, horse and foot, disciplined on same plan as the line, 
and having arrangements made for ready concentration. Lord Dillon 
said in Parliament that Hoche was known to have promised his soldiery 
thirteen days' plunder in Ireland, a proceeding which poor cottagers at 
Bantry had a foretaste of. 

Though the projected junction of Irish insurgents with French 
invaders thus failed, the country continued still in unrest ; rumours of a 
renewal of invasion were prevalent — indeed, a band of fourteen hundred 
French desperadoes, the sweepings of the galleys, in uniform, landed 
25th February, 1797, at Cardigan bay, but soon surrendered to a force of 
military and the inhabitants. Men were being sworn in throughout this 
country as United Irishmen, and the yeomanry were busy in arresting 
persons for " administering unlawful oaths," and escorting them to Cork, 
where they received a speedy trial. On 17th May, 1797, the Lord 
Lieutenant and Council issued a broad sheet containing a lengthy 
proclamation, beginning thus : " Whereas there exists a seditious and 
traitorous Conspiracy, by Persons stiling themselves United Irishmen 


for . . . the destruction of the established Constitution . . . by 
means of open Violence and secret Arrangements for raising, arming and 
paying a disciplined Force . . . who have frequently assembled in 
large armed Bodies and plundered Houses, etc."; and the proclamation 
warns all not to enter into the conspiracy, but to give information as to 
meetings of such societies, and orders the seizure of arms, and ends by 
offering a pardon to all who may have been seduced, on condition of 
their coming in by 24th June and giving surety to be of good behaviour 
for seven years. Government had at this time received from secret 
informers — (1; The declaration and constitution of the United Irishmen ; 
(2) minutes and proceedings of two of the societies ; (3) reports from 
provincial and county committees ; (4) report of the military com- 
mittee ; (5) forms of the oath of an officer and of a soldier ; (6) names 
of many of the society with the arms in their custody, and much 
other knowledge, which shows how readily Government secured infor- 
mation, as is always the case in Irish conspiracies. In Cork, on the 
22nd May, from information obtained, over twenty United Irishmen, 
including two "delegates" from the north, were arrested and lodged in 
bridewell ; and at Bandon eight men were committed for unlawful 
assembly and firing on a party of Fencible Dragoons ; and two soldiers 
of the Wexford Militia, quartered at that town, were shot for taking the 
oaths. The famous mutiny at the Nore followed next month, fostered, 
as was believed, by Irish influence ; and the seizures of persons for sedi- 
tious oaths became more frequent, the Muskerry Cavalry being diligent 
in this work. John Warren and John Hawkes, members of the corps, 
were among the committing magistrates of several persons arrested in 
Muskerry. But Government, nevertheless, deemed themselves strong 
enough now in force to dispense with some of their precautions which 
pressed heavily on district corps, and the Muskerry Cavalry, with others, 
received a Government circular, dated 25th August, directing that 
picquets and guards mounted by such corps, may be discontinued, 
except where ordered by the General of the district. 

On 20th August the Lord Lieutenant arrived in Cork by way of Bantry 
which he had been inspecting, and was escorted into the city by the various 
local corps, and received loyal addresses from Cork, Bandon and other 
localities. Outrages and seditious oaths, how ever, continued. Two brothers 
named Barry, arrested by the Muskerry corps for burglary and robbery at 
Mr. O'Leary's house at Donoughmore, were hung on 28th October ; and 
others were committed by S. Swetc for administering oaths, and by 
J. Hawkes for conspiracy to rob. A murder that occurred before the 
last mentioned date was that of Mr. John Oliflfe, of Lissaniskey, parish 
of Knockavilly, which gave the same corps much police duty, partly 


successful ; for on 15th November they escorted into Cork Darby 
Mahony alias Keane, Cornelius Driscoll, and Timothy Harrington alias 
" Mock a~dahir," W prisoners charged with being concerned with several 
others irf that murder. The committing magistrates were Augustus 
Warren and Samuel Swete. At the same time they arrested in the country 
another Kean Mahony, alias " Kittoch," (3) for robbing Mr. William 
Love's house at Sunday's Well. It is not surprising to find that active 
magistrates were in consequence obnoxious to the revolutionists, and 
that one Daniel Deasy was committed to the County Gaol for conspiring 
with several others to murder John Hawkes, J.P., before mentioned. The 
baronies of Imokilly and Barrymore also were at this period much 
disturbed, and committees were formed in them for procuring secret 
information; and on 16th December military waggons, tools and flying 
artillery guns were despatched from Dublin to the south-west of 

Several baronies and counties in Ireland were proclaimed about this 
time as disturbed, and early in January, 1798, intelligence reached 
England of a plan for landing there a very large French army, to be 
conveyed across the Channel in thirty enormous rafts, each capable 
of carrying ten thousand men ! Monge, the mathematician, was the 
inventor of the rafts. The lawlessness of the times was rampant in 
Muskerry as in other places, and a meeting of the gentlemen of east 
and west Muskerry and Barretts baronies was held on 2nd February, 
1798, at the house of Mr. Walter Wall, at Moviddy, for " considering the 
propriety of associating to promote public justice and a due execution 
of the law." Sir Robert Warren, bart, was in the chair, and the following 
resolution was passed : — 

" That, having considered the baronies of West and East Muskerry, Barretts and 
its vicinity (in which part of the Liberties of the city of Cork is included) infested for 
some Years by a desperate gang of robbers, rendered not more formidable by their 
extensive conspiracy and their atrocious acts of violence than by their perjuries and 
subornation, We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, anxious for the protection ot 
the Persons and Properties of the Inhabitants of our District, to whose Loyalty and 
Peaceable Demeanor we are happy to bear testimony, deem it expedient that a Society 
be formed for the purpose of aiding the Civil Magistrates in detecting, apprehending 
and prosecuting heinous Offenders within our District, and we form ourselves into a 
society for that purpose." 

This was signed Robert Warren, chairman ; and the following 
members : — Samuel Penrose, junr.; Herbert Gillman, James Splaine 

(?) This nickname, if second syllable be long, may mean " son of two fathers," i.e 
natural and reputed ; or if that syllable be short, " son of a good father." (Rev. J. Lyons.) 
(3) Meaning " left-handed." (Rev. J. Lyons.) 


Edward Kenny, James Pratt, George Herrick, Boyle Coughlan, Thomas 
T. Coppinger, Henry Coppinger, Richard Barter, Henry Lindsey, John 
and James Good, Richard T. Rye, John Colthurst, Augustus Warren, 
Samuel Swete, John Warren, George Rye, John Hawkes, Samuel Penrose, 
James Gollock, John Hawkes, junr ; Thomas, William and Samuel 
Hawkes, John B. Colthurst and Edward Herrick. The meeting was 
adjourned to the 16th, but there is no further record of their doings. As 
happened in other baronies their work was done silently in securing 
information and pointing out offenders to be arrested by the Muskerry 
Cavalry corps. This will be seen later on. 

About this time the shadow of the coming rebellion of 1798 began to 
spread over the country, and some foul murders were committed by 
misguided men, notably that of Mr. St. George Mansergh at Castle 
Uniacke, the scat of his host, Mr. Jasper Uniacke, who was murdered 
with him. The former had made himself very active in trying to keep 
the country quiet at Araglin, near Kilworth, and had defied the local 
insurgent leader known as "Captain Doc." Castle Uniacke was 
attacked on 9th February, when there were no arms in it, and both 
gentlemen were killed. The committee in the barony of Condons and 
Clangibbon got the necessary information, and the leaders were taken, 
tried and executed at the spot on 16th April. In Muskerry, at Blarney, 
on 25th March, the house of Rev. Mr. Stopford was attacked and 
thoroughly searched for documents which he was suspected to have. Mr. 
Stopford had barely time to get out of bed and escape through a back 
window ; he hid himself for an hour in a wet ditch where he lay with his 
shirt off fearing it would attract attention. He finally got refuge in 
Blarney Castle. The Muskerry corps, on information, arrested some 
alleged to be of the attacking gang, but the real culprits were not taken 
till 1799. Meetings were now held all over the country to raise 
voluntary subscriptions to help Government in procuring means of 
defence against invasion, and enormous sums were quickly subscribed. 
On 13th March the Provincial Committee of the United Irishmen for 
Leinster were, on information received, arrested at Mr. Oliver Bond's 
house in Bridge Street, Dublin, Lord Edward Fitzgerald just escaping 
arrest then ; and on the 17th the whole garrison at Cork were kept 
by General Myers under arms all night on an alarm that a rising was to 
take place there, and the yeomanry patrolled in strong bodies. About 
5th April a circular was sent to the captain of the Muskerry Yeomanry, 
and all others, requesting them to suggest to their companies the 
necessity of their coming under permanent pay and performing all the 
duty of their respective districts, so that the militia and regular forces 
should be concentrated to meet emergencies. This was acceded to, and 


ladies and children left Muskerry for Cork or England, except some 
who held on in fortified residences ; and twelve thousand copies of a 
proclamation were issued, intimating that the military and yeomanry 
would take vigorous measures to repress disturbances and seize arms. 
Notwithstanding this, large armed gangs scoured the west of county Cork, 
searching houses for arms, and robbing indiscriminately. The house of 
John Gillman, at Milane, near Dunmanway, was one of those attacked, 
but he had received notice of their approach, and was aided by six 
soldiers, whose fire killed one and wounded others, of whom one named 
T. MacCarthy was captured, and soon after executed, after acknowledg- 
ing at the scaffold the justice of his sentence, which he hoped would be 
a warning to other deluded persons. On Sunday, 29th April, a pastoral 
letter from the Roman Catholic bishop, Dr. Moylan, was read in all the 
chapels of the diocese of Cork, exhorting the people not to be led from 
their allegiance by the machinations of ill-designing men, which had a 
salutary effect in preventing many in the county Cork from joining the 
insurgents. In Dublin, on the following Sunday, the noted Major Sirr 
captured a committee of United Irishmen at the house of a publican on 
Rogerson's Quay ; and on the 19th May arrested Lord Edward Fitz- 
gerald, after a desperate struggle, at the house of Murphy, a feather 
merchant in Thomas Street. Lord Edward died soon after of his wounds 
then received. The next day Henry and John Sheares, barristers, were 
taken and committed to gaol on the charge of high treason. For this 
they were tried, and on the 14th July were executed at the front of the 
new prison in Dublin. On their fate the ancestor, to whom the writer is 
indebted for the materials of this sketch, makes this comment : — 
" Thus fell victims to inordinate ambition two gentlemen of talents and 
learning, sons of a very worthy and respectable gentleman of Cork, who 
happily did not live to behold their untimely fate ; their heads were 
severed and given with their bodies to their friends." 

These arrests precipitated the outbreak of rebellion ; those engaged 
in it saw they had not time to wait for the expected aid from France, 
and turned desperately at bay. On the 27th May, 1798, the first news 
reached Cork of the insurrection, and of Carlow, Naas, and Prosperous 
being attacked. The Loyal Cork Legion and the Royal Cork Volun- 
teers took charge of the city, thus enabling the militia and guns to 
march away. The history of this abortive rebellion and its scenes of 
barbarism is told in well known works ; this paper is concerned with 
details in the county Cork chiefly. The actual place of fighting was 
fortunately outside this county ; and it is doubtful if many Corkmen 
joined the rebels in the field. The mayor and sheriffs of Cork issued a 
proclamation against residents harbouring seditious persons in their 


houses, and called on all to deilver up their arms ; and on the 8th June 
General Myers, having occupied with troops all the exits from the city, 
caused a search to be made from house to house for arms, but did not 
find many concealed. Soon after came the news of the defeat of the 
rebels at Vinegar Hill ; and seven Roman Catholic bishops of Munster 
sent an address to their clergy calling for their " utmost endeavours 
against this baneful contagion." The yeomanry were not idle in the 
country ; the Muskerry corps brought from Blarney, and the Bandon 
corps from Bantry, persons charged with administering unlawful oaths 
and other treasons. On the 29th June, Government issued a proclama- 
tion offering pardon to all rebels in arms who should surrender within 
fourteen days. At Skibbereen eleven privates of the YYestmeath Militia 
were arrested and escorted to Cork by yeomanry, where they were after- 
wards tried on the charge of being United Irishmen, and conspiring to 
murder their officers and join the country people to pillage and burn 
Skibbereen. Some comrades turned informers, and all but two were 
found guilty ; four were shot, four were ordered to serve abroad, and one 
received a thousand lashes. Fights still continued at various places 
between the troops and detached bodies of the rebels, but the rebellion 
had now practically been suppressed. In July Lord Cornwallis became 
lord lieutenant, and received an address from Roman Catholic gentlemen 
among others, offering their best exertions to stay the insurrection. 
Signs of returning tranquillity became more manifest, state trials for past 
offences being the only reminders, till the quiet was disturbed in August 
by the sudden landing of a small French force at Killala bay, but they 
shortly surrendered to a force under Lord Cornwallis after a battle at a 
place called Ballinamuck (Pigs-town). The forces of the Crown at this 
time in Ireland were — Ten regiments of cavalry, fifteen of foot, twelve "1 
fencible cavalry, and thirty of fenciblc infantry, two of English, ami 
thirty-seven of Irish militia, besides nearly two hundred corps of volun- 
teers, cavalry and infantry. On the 6th October the royal assent was 
given to an Act for a free pardon, on conditions, to the misguided men 
who had engaged in a profitless rebellion. 

The Muskerry Cavalry had continued on duty in their district all this 
time ; and a Major Harris was in military command y^ all the forces 
there. The following address and reply shows the cordial relations 
between them : — 

At a meeting of the Muskerry Cavalry at Parade, Sunday, 16'h Deer. 1798, 
Resolved unanimously, That the Thanks of this Corps be presented to Brigade-Majoi 
Harris for his kind and polite attention to us since his appointment to this District. 

Signed by (Order, 

James Gollock, Sec. 


Gentlemen, Bandoti, Dec. 17, 1798. 

I feel myself highly gratified that my Conduct has been such as to be approved 
of by so respectable a Corps as the Muskerry Cavalry ; and be assured, Gentlemen, 
it shall always be my utmost ambition to continue to merit your approbation. 
I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, 

Your most Obliged & very Humble Servant, 
To the Gentlemen of the Abell Harris, 

Muskerry Cavalry. B. Major. 

The year 1799 was one in which plans for the coming Union between 
Ireland and Great Britain were much discussed, the opinions for and 
against it following very much the religions of the disputants. The com- 
piler of the materials from which the present paper is derived records his 
opinion that it might have been " carried this year in spite of the utmost 
opposition of the Roman Catholics, but that Lord Cornwallis thought 
otherwise, and conducted himself accordingly in the government of this 
kingdom." The duties of the Muskerry Cavalry this year were wholly 
police duties, chiefly concerned with some atrocious murders. The first 
was that of Mr. Timothy MacCarthy/^ of Currabeha, parish of Inniscarra, 
whose house was attacked on Saturday night, 19th January, and the door 
was soon forced open. Mr. MacCarthy fired at the assailants and killed 
one, on which he was dragged into his garden and received several stabs, 
and finally had his head beaten in. After this, Michael MacCarthy, an 
old man in the house, was also killed. Mrs. MacCarthy was compelled 
to give up her keys, whereon the house was searched and all valuables 
were taken, and bonds and promissory notes and other documents (the 
probable motive for the attack) were destroyed, and the assailants did 
not leave till they had eaten and drank all provisions and spirits in the 
house. The Muskerry corps were quickly in pursuit, and on the next 
Monday had arrested and lodged in gaol eleven of those implicated in 
the murders ; and on 6th March, another named Redmond Geary, and on 
the 2 1st they took twenty-seven more, some of whom turned approvers. 
Next day, aided by a detachment of the Berwickshire Cavalry, and acting 
on secret information, they searched Glounthane, in the north of Donough- 
more parish, and arrested two, named Cotter, out of three whom they 
were searching for. Several of the persons arrested were afterwards 
hung. The country was at this time very much disturbed owing to 
hopes of a renewed landing of the French, and a fleet of forty ships of 
war was got ready at Portsmouth to oppose them ; and on the 16th of 
March the county of Cork was proclaimed as being disturbed " owing to 
the recent atrocities" (murders, houghing cattle, etc.) therein, and all 
householders were directed to put on their doors a list of the inmates, of 

(?) A proctor renting the tithes of Inniscarra parish. 


whom no one was to be absent from home between eight p.m. and sun- 
rise next morning. On the 25th the " notorious Captain Slasher" was 
brought in to prison by the Muskerry Cavalry, under command of Captain 
Augustus Warren. Martial law was in force, and the general court- 
martial convicted one Timothy Crowley of conspiracy, with others, to 
murder a gentleman at Dunmanway, and sentenced him to transporta- 
tion for life. The repetition of details of similar occurrences would be 
wearisome ; and this part of the present paper will conclude with an 
account of a murder which is to the present day still fresh in the 
memory of Muskerry, that of Robert Hutchinson, of Codrum, near 
Macroom. The circumstances of the murder are told in a letter from 
Macroom to the compiler of the materials now drawn on. On the night 
of Friday, 19th April, Mr. Hutchinson's house was broken into, and he 
was aroused by his servant-man who told him that robbers were below ; 
the man, advising his master to remain in bed, said he would go down 
stairs himself, but instead of that went to the garret to call The said 
another servant who slept outside. Mr. Hutchinson, though debilitated 
from gout, got up and dressed, and, going down stairs was heard by his 
sister to call out, " D — n you, you rascal, what brings you here?" lie 
had recognised one of the party — another servant of his own. Upon 
this he was killed by being stabbed — as the letter relates — the wound 
being thought to be inflicted by something like " the bar of a palisade." 
On the following Wednesday the Muskerry corps brought in eight 
persons arrested for the murder, and soon after they secured three more, 
and the names of several more were known. Some of those arrested 
were committed to gaol by John Warren, J.P. A conspiracy was formed 
thereupon to murder Mr. Warren, and for this three men were arrested 
and executed. This gentleman had about the same time committed 
eight men lor breaking into the house of Mr. Stopford, at Blarney, as 
before related. L ° A large reward had been offered for the prosecution to 
conviction of the murderers of Mr. Hutchinson, and this bore fruit in a 
way that caused surprise. As the Muskerry Cavalry were escorting some 
of those arrested to bridewell in Macroom, one villain made a sign t<> a 
gentleman, a trooper in the corps, that he wished to make a discovery. 
This man, whose name was ' Malachi Duggan, was put in a separate 
cell and there told the details in full. On being asked the manner of 
Mr. Hutchinson's death, he said Mr. Hutchinson had been shot. As the 

I >ne ut" these eight, John Buckley, of Blarney, was found guilty of the burglary, 
and was executed on 21st June, at Blarney. His body was buried in the "Croppie's 
Hole," in the new gaol at Cork. 

The name remains still vividly in the minds of the peasantry of Muskerry, and 
is used as a term of reproach to a tell-tale, or an informer; and the phrase, "You'd 
beat Malachi himself,'' is in use to .1 robust liar. 


universal belief was that he had been stabbed, doubt was thrown on 
Duggan's veracity ; but he asked that the body be exhumed. This 
request was complied with, and the body was examined by Dr. Ronayne, 
of Cork, and a surgeon of the Louth militia, who found that Mr. Hutch- 
inson had been shot through the heart, which had been nearly blown to 
pieces, not more than one-eight part remaining. Several pellets of duck- 
shot were extracted. Thus Duggan's account was confirmed. Several 
convictions and more arrests followed. On the ioth May John Duggan 
(son of Malachi) alias " Captain Thunderbolt," Timothy MacCarthy, and 
Owen Scanlan were convicted of the murder before the general court- 
martial, and on the 13th two others ; and on the 14th all five were hung 
at Macroom, and their heads set up on spikes on the bridewell, where 
they remained till well within the memory of persons still living. The 
trial of these men brought out clearly the exterminating system of the 
United Irishmen ; they believed they were to " free " their country by 
desolating it and murdering every one of property and loyalty. Reen, 
Mr. Hutchinson's own servant, was also tried on the 13th and afterwards 
convicted, and with another was hung at Macroom on 3rd June, their 
heads also being set up. On the 7th July the Muskerry Cavalry brought 
in three more men arrested in the neighbourhood of Macroom, and 
sixteen others in the wood of Glenflesk or near it, charged with abetting 
the murder. Two of these, Charles and Owen MacCarthy, brothers, 
were convicted and hanged as above, at Macroom, on the ioth of July ; 
and on the 8th the sixteen men taken at Glenflesk were tried before 
William Crooke and Francis Johnson, two justices appointed as com- 
mission for trying malefactors, and were convicted of aiding in this and 
other outrages and sentenced to transportation for life. Such were the 
consequences of this useless and inhuman murder of a gentleman who is 
described as sincere as a friend, kind as a neighbour, charitable and for- 
bearing as a landlord, and benevolent and lenient as a magistrate. 

The names of the members of the Muskerry Cavalry at this period is 
given in the advertisement, in which they offered 685 guineas for prose- 
cution to conviction. The names are as follow, the amounts subscribed 
following each name respectively : — 




Aug;,- Warren, capt. . . 

■ • 30 

Henry Lindsay. . 


Saml. Swete, lieut. 

.. SO 

Daniel Gibbs 


George Rye, 2nd Heut. . . 

■ • 3° 

Joseph Woodley 


Cain. McCarthy 

• • 3 

John Williams, jun. 


Wm. Howd Holland . . 


Daniel Morphy. ... 


Wm- Boyle 

.. 5 

Daniel Nash 


Thomas Barter. . 


Samuel Kerby 


Richd. Barter . . 


Daniel F. Leahy 

• 5 




John Rye Coppinger 

Daniel Horgan . 

Richd. Splaine . 

fyr- Crooke 

Wm- Ashe 

Richd. Ashe, sen 

J. Warren, Windsor 

Henry Baldwin 

James Golloek . . 

Richard Lawfon 

John Bowen 

Richd. Ashe, jun. 

Michael Williams 

John Gibbs, elk. 

William Holland, sen 

John Brown 

Edwd. Kenny, elk. 

Henry Rubie 

James B. Barry. . 

James Barry 

John Good 

Thomas Good . . 

John Colthurst, Dripsey Castle 

Paul Horgan 

Henry B. Brown 

Nic*- White 

John F. Whiting 

John F. Colthurst, Dripsey Castle 

Richd. Radley . . 

Henry Coppinger 

George Herrick 

John Pyne 

John Travers . . 

Joseph Dowe . . 

George Barber . . 

James B. Colthurst, Dripsey Castle 

Nicholas Colthurst, do. 

5 Wallis Colthurst, Dripsey Castle 

3 Joseph Colthurst, do. 

5 Charles Colthurst, do. 

2 Sir R. Warren, bart. 

5 Abrm. Cross 

10 Robert Travers. . 

20 Henry Cross 

30 Corless Hawkes 

20 Joseph Bennett 

10 William Crooke 

20 John Williams . . 

20 Thomas Leah}'. . 

1 W m - Grainger . . 

2 S. Davies, elk. . . 

2 Robt. Ashe, elk. 
5 John Larimore . . 

20 Hugh Larimore 

3 John Gibbs, jun. 

4 Webb Gillman . . 

5 Robt. Warren, elk. 
5 Edward Warren, elk. 

2 Thomas G. Coppinger 
20 Stephen Masters 

3 Thomas Golloek 

2 Matt. Minhear . . 

3 Robert McCarthy 

3 Robert Baldwin, jun. 
5 Walter McCarthy 

4 Sir N. Colthurst, bart. 

4 Augustus Warren, jun 

5 H. G. Barry, brig, maj 
20 Tristram Sand, elk. 
20 David Grannel, elk. 

2 John Sullivan . . 

2 William Grainger 

5 Thomas J. Coppinger 

1 Joseph Capel . . 












The names of clergymen in the above list need not occasion surprise. 
Clergy were enrolled again when the corps was re-embodied in 1822 ; 
the best men of all classes in the country joined together for the sup- 
pression of outrages. 

Note.— My materials reacli to the year 1S1S ; but enough has been said to illus- 
trate the work of the Muskerry Yeomanry, and, I tear, to weary any reader who may 
read through to this point. — H. W. G.] 

( To be continued. ) 

' 1 



Che jYlacfirmin jMacCarthys oj )\rdtully. 



1 641. 

T page seventy-eight of the present volume of this 
Journal, the editor of the Sloane MS., which describes 
the " Rise and Progress of the Rebellion in Munster, 
1642," expresses in a note his wish that he could 
identify further the family of Florence MacDonell 
MacFinin MacCarthy, who fell fighting bravely in 
opposing the sally of the garrison of Cork in March, 
The following particulars relate to the family of that 
" right valiant gentleman, called by nickname ' Captain 
Suggane,' " Mr. Fynyne MacCarthy, who took an active 
part in the rebellion of 1641. 
On the 15th October, 1853, an article appeared in the Nation news- 
The Nation paper on " The Clan of MacCarrha," of which the following 
newspaper, is an extract : — " Now for the MacFinnans. This was the 
15 c --i 53- distinctive title of the MacCarthys of Ardentully, now 
Ardtully, near Kenmare, whose chiefs in every generation down to the 
last were so styled. Geoffrey MacCarthy, of Tulla, not far from their 
former castle, was the last that bore it. He was the fifteenth MacFinnan 
in direct line from Dermod Tralee, so called from having been assassinated 
in the assize court of that ancient town, and in the very presence of the 
judges, by the fourth Lord Kerry in 1325, and was father of the late 
respected Randal MacFinnan MacCarthy, c.C, Killarney, as well as of 
the present equally respected Daniel MacCarthy, professor of rhetoric at 
the Royal College of Maynooth, etc. One of the most distinguished of 
those chieftains who led their clans to the unnatural combat between 
James II. and his son-in-law was Donal MacFinnan, the fourth in line of 
ascent from Geoffrey. He it was who gloriously defended the ford of 
Slane on the 1st July, 1690, leaving three hundred of his brave Kilgarvan- 
men dead in the Boyne. He fell at Aughrim. Trinity College has his 
estates. His descendants are landless." 

Dermod of Tralee was second son to Donal Roe MacCarthy Mor, 
Lodo-e and king of Desmond, by his wife, Margaret, daughter to the 
Cronncl/v, third Lord Kerry, who married Slaine, the daughter of 
'' O'Brien, prince of Thomond, and was murdered by his own 

first cousin. 


In the course of centuries the spelling of the name underwent several 
changes, MaghFinnin, McFinghin, MacFion, MacFynyne, MacFinin, 
McFineen, etc., etc., all appertaining to the same family. 

In the reign of Elizabeth (1588) Sir Warham St. Leger returned 
State Papers, MacFinin of Desmond as one of the great lords of 
Bnt. Museum, countries, whose grandson, the brave Captain Suggane, 
was brother to Major MacFineen who, at the head of his battalion 
under command of Lord Muskerry, was slain on the 5th July, 1652, at 
Smith's Hist, the battle of Knockniclasby, county Cork, and to Donogh 
Kerry, p. 314. McFinneen of Ardtully Castle, near Kenmare, who enter- 
tained in 1645 Rinuccini, the nuncio, Prince of Fermo, and twenty-two 
Italians, as related by the Rev. C. P. Meehan : — " That night the nuncio 
was hospitably entertained by the lord of that mansion and region, 
The Rise and who treated him with great magnificence. There he rested 

Fall of the .^ XCt d a y S- The actual lord of the circumjacent country, 

y y I'ctttcisccui 

Monasteries, called Glenaroughty, according to immemorial Irish custom, 

P- 35 1 - is the FacFinncen, a dignity which with the estates always 

devolved on the male heir alone. 

The MacFinneen at that time was Donagh MacCarthy, a noble 
singularly distinguished for his man}' excellences, of the royal and 
most ancient family of the MacCarthies, etc. All were hospitably 
entertained in Ardtully by the MacFinneen and his excellent wife 
Catherine MacCarthy, daughter of Lord Muskerry, etc." 

Donogh was father to Colonel Donal MacFinneen, who fell at 
Aughrim, and who, on the nth April, 1 69 1 , with Brigadier 
Story, part 2, Carroll and Colonel MacCarthy, commanded fifteen hun- 
dred men at Enniskeen. 

After Donal's death the estates were confiscated among the one 
hundred thousand acres in the county of Kerry belonging to those 
chieftains who took part in the Revolution of 1688. 

His son Randal was the last tenant of the line who resided at 

The Ardtully, and who built in 1743 the house at Tulla, near 

MacCarthys of Kenmare, where the present generation were born and still 

Gleannacroim. . , . 

by MacCarthy reside. His name and year of erection are engraven on a 

Glas. p., 174- coign stone in the old residence. Randal's son, Randal, 
was father to Geoffrey MacFinnin, whose wife was always called Madame 

The Rev. Randal MacFinnin MacCarthy, and the Right Rev. Daniel 
MacCarthy, late bishop of Kerry, were the sons of Geoltrcy. 

On the death of Randal the title devolved on the eldest brother, 
Eugene, bom in 1803, whose eldest son, Randal MacFinnin MacCarthy, 
of Largo House, Rathmines, Dublin, born 23rd May, [833, is the s< 


living representative and lineal descendant of this once potent sept of 

the great MacCarrhas. 

Daniel MacFion MacCarthy was M.P. for Clonakilty 
Davis. . ro 

in 1689. 

In the Dirge of Ireland, composed in Irish by the Right Rev. Bishop 

t- 1 * 1 u O'Connor of Kerry, in 1704, there is a footnote to the line 
Translated by / > / *r> 

Dr. O'Brennan, " MacFinan from the bosom of Eingit," thus : — " The Mac- 
P' §7, Finnin, etc., whose patrimony was at Ardtully, near Ken- 

mare, etc. Eugene MacCarthy of Tully is still styled the McFinnan, is 
the lineal descendant of those chiefs." 

In 1822 three cantos were published on the love of Desmond and 
Adeline MacFinnan : — 

" The rocks festooning was MacFinnan's child." 

" In seeming hate MacFinnan's daughter named." 

"Farewell! farewell ! MacFinnan's child," etc., etc. — 

The Spirit of the Lakes ; or, Muckross Abbey, 1822. 

" Since my last letters unto your honor touching the 
Letter dated . J J & 

12th July, 1588, marriage of the Earl of Clancars daughter, there have 

to Sir F. Wal- been here apprehended, by Mr. Vice-President's direction, 
singham, secre- «»■■-... 

tary of State, rlorence MacCarthy, the Countess of Clancar, Macrinnin, 

from Sir Wm. anc j others, who were all committed to Castlemain." 

" With all their kindred clans, the MacFinnins joined in 

the great outbreak of 1641, and are conspicuous above most of them 

by their activity in the fierce struggles of that time. The names of no 

The fewer than three brothers of them appear in the deposi- 

MacCarthys of tions, etc. Of the fate of two of these we are in uncer- 

(ileannacroim, . . . . , 

by MacCarthy tainty (3 ante), but the third, who is called the famous 

Glas - Captain Suggane,' lost his life at that time, etc. At the 

Boyne the chief of this sept fought at the head of three hundred of his 

clansmen, etc. 

" The father of Dr. MacCarthy and his two brothers was Geoffrey, 
son of Randal, who was son of Randal, called of Tullo, in the parish of 
Kenmare, who was son of Daniel, the heroic defender of the bridge and 
ford of Slane." 

" The few members of the family of the chieftain who survived the 
defeat of Aughrim, in which MacFinnin himself fell with two brothers, 
and two of his sons-in-law were borne on the stream of fugitives to 


Review of "We have in the appendix a short notice of the 

MacCarthy MacCarthys MacFinnin, and all our regret is that it is so 

^FreTmeri short This branch of the MacCarthys, located in Ardtully 
Journal, [8th Castle, near Kenmare, derive their descent from Dermod 
May, 1875. of Tralee, who was the younger son of Donal Roe, prince 
of Desmond. This family lost their property in the Williamite confisca- 
tion. The most remarkable members of it were Dermod of Tralee, 
slain by Maurice, fourth Lord Kerry, on the bench of justice, before the 
judge ; and in long generations after, Donal MacFinnin, the heroic 
defender of the bridge of Slane at the Boyne. The descent from Donal 
of Slane to the present day is complete, but between him and Desmond 
of Tralee there arc but few of the many generations given.'' 

The MacCarthys. 

, , . " Without insisting, with Keating, that the ancestry of 

Annals of °' i = >} J 

Innisfalkn; the MacCarthy family could be traced through twenty- 

of Boyle; of e jo-ht monarchs who governed the island before the Christian 

< ester; and The ° ° t 

Irish Ecclesias- era, we may assert with the Abbe MacGeoghegan that if 

tical Record, re gard be had to primogeniture and seniority of descent, 
May, 1865. & -, , ... . 

the MacCarthy family is the first in Ireland. 

Long before the founders of the oldest royal families in Europe — 
before Rodolph acquired the empire of Germany or a Bourbon ascended 
the throne of France, Cormac MacCarthy ruled over Minister, and the 
title of king was at least continued in name to his posterity down to the 
reign of Elizabeth. ' Few pedigrees, if any,' says Sir B. Burke, ' in the 
British empire can be traced to a more remote or exalted source than 
that of the Celtic house of MacCarthy.'" 

As regards the old castle, like the family, scarcely a vestige remains. 
Close to its ruins, on the right bank of the Roughty, a fine mansion was 
erected some forty years ago by the late Sir Richard Orpen, of Dublin, 
whose family acquired from Trinity College— either, I think, by purchase 
or long lease — several thousand acres of the property. 

About two miles from Ardtully is Callan, where in 1261 a battle was 
fought between the MacCarthys and Geraldines, who were defeated, 
suffering, it is alleged, the loss of eighteen barons, fifteen knights, with 
man}- adherents, in this engagement Daniel MacCarthy fell, and was 
buried on the battlefield : — 

" And this is thy grave, MacCarra, 
Here by the pathway lone, 

Where the thorn blossoms are bending 
Over thy moulder stone. 


Alas ! for the sons of glory ; 

Oh ! thou of the darkened brow, 
And the eagle plume and the belted clans, 

Is it here thou art sleeping now ? " — 

Mrs. Downing, 1840. 

I give annexed one of a dozen verses published some twenty-five 
years ago on the revival of the title " MacCarthy Mor," and an extract 
from an article which appeared in May, 1865, on the ancient lineage of 
the MacCarthys : — 

" Let us make the MacCarthy Mor, 
Let us seek the wisest and best, 
Let us choose of the clan the foremost man, 
And, trusting to God for the rest, 
Let us make the MacCarthy Mor. 

Oh, it must not, shall not die, 

Too long in the dust it has lain— 
The grand old name that with Heber came, 

And the gallant chiefs from Spain. 

Then up from the echoing hills, 

And up from the sounding shore, 
Let the scattered clan select their man, 

And make him the MacCarthy Mor." — 

The Nation, 25th March, 1873. 

Che Climate oj Cork. 


O doubt some will say that the subject chosen for this paper is unpopular, 
uninteresting, and dry. But when it is remembered that the state of the 
weather forms the introduction to almost every conversation, it must be 
admitted that it is the most popular that could be taken up, and, there- 
fore, we may naturally conclude the most interesting; and as to its being 
dry, a moment's consideration will convince any one that the climate of Cork cannot 
possibly be a dry subject. 

Though the state of the weather may be a suitable introduction to general conver- 
sation, it should be used only as such, and not form the entire subject of discourse. It 
is remarked of some persons that but for the changeable nature of our climate there 
would be no variety in their conversation. 

" They sil in close committee on the sky, 
Report it hot, or cold, or wet, or dry. 
And find in changing climate happy source 
01 \si--e reflection, and well-timed discourse. 


If we enquire utter the health ot a triend, converse about the National Debt, or 
discuss the Spectrum Analysis, we introduce the subject by remarks on the state of 
the weather, and glide imperceptibly into either of these topics, or into any other, no 
matter if it be the antipodes of that which originated the conversation. 

Though every one considers himself competent to give an opinion on the climate of 
his locality, or the state of the weather at any given period, it is strange what undefined, 
vague, and erroneous views are held on what appears at first sight a simple subject. 
Unless accurate observations are made and recorded, we cannot compare the tempera- 
ture, humidity of atmosphere, rainfall, etc., of one period with those of another, or with 
a corresponding period in previous years; nor can we compare or contrast our climate 
in any of its particulars with those of other countries. 

The latitude and its mean temperature were formerly supposed to have a fixed 
relationship. From this belief originated the geographical arrangement of climate, 
which implies a succession of zones or belts parallel to the equator and to each other, 
extending from the equator to the poles, in each of which as you depart from the 
equator the longest day is half an hour longer than in the preceding. From the polar 
circle to the poles, the climates are measured by the increase of a month. Cork is 
situated at the northern boundary of the eighth climate, which extends to 5 1 degrees 59 
minutes north latitude. The longest day is therefore sixteen hours. The northern 
portion of the county of Cork is situated in the ninth climate. 

Each climate as it recedes from the equator is supposed to represent a colder 
temperature than the preceding ; this as a general rule is the case, but there are 
several exceptions through interfering causes, such as proximity to the ocean which 
has a tendency to equalize the temperature, or at least to moderate the extremes. In 
places so situated, all other things being equal, the winters are less severe, and the 
summers milder than would have been the case under other circumstances. The 
Gulf Stream has a powerful influence in lessening the otherwise great severity of our 
winters. Some places not so highly favoured as we are in this respect, though 
situated in the same parallel of latitude, experience an extreme of winter temperature 
to which fortunately we are strangers, reaching to 30 or 40 degrees below zero, 
and in some places to 60 degrees below the greatest cold experienced by us. 
Canada on the west, and Northern Russia on the east are striking illustrations. 

The temperature of a country or district is moderated by the shelter from cold 
winds afforded by high mountain chains. There are other local causes the existence 
or absence of which modify the temperature of a district, such as great forests, large 
sandy plains, depth of soil, or an extensive system of drainage. 

The lines of equal annual mean temperature extending round the globe are irregular 
curves, being neither parallel to the equator or to each other, some portions curving 
towards the north and others towards the south. This is owing to the various local 
influences referred to above. The isothermal line, representing 50 degrees, about the 
mean temperature of Cork, or more correctly the mean of Ireland, curves downward as 
it passes eastwardly through Europe and Asia, touching the northern portion of the 
Black Sea, and passing through the centre of the Caspian Sea, reaches the Pacific 
Ocean at 40 degrees north latitude, which is about 12 degrees lower than that 
of Cork ; the same line passing westwardly enters the American Continent at 
43 degrees north latitude, curves gradually towards the south, then rising more 
steeply enters the Pacific Ocean at 44 degrees north latitude. Other isothermal lines 
are more irregular and embrace greater extremes of latitude. 

But it is in the meteorological not in the geographical aspect that we wish to view 
the subject under consideration. The climate of anyplace does not merely refer to its 


temperature, but includes the dryness or moisture of the atmosphere, amount of rainfall, 
prevailing winds, or any other atmospheric phenomena for which it may be remarkable. 

This subject has, or at least ought to have, an interest for all, as every one is more 
or less affected by its influence; the student of health, whether professional or other- 
wise, the agriculturist, the man of commerce, as well as the admirer of nature in all its 
varied aspects. 

As it is hard if not impossible to have a clear intelligent idea of anything without 
comparing it with others of the same nature or kind, it will be necessary occasionally 
to compare or contrast our climate in some of its particulars with that of other places 
in Ireland or elsewhere. 

Perhaps it may be well before entering directly on the subject in hand to say a few 
words on the barometer, that most useful of meteorological instruments. If its 
variations be intelligently observed, in conjunction with the direction and change of 
wind and the indications of the hygrometer, the coming weather for at least twenty- 
four hours may be foretold in nine cases out of ten. 

The mean height of the barometer in the British Isles, at sea level and reduced to 
freezing point, is 29/95 inches. Once in twelve months it may rise to 3070 inches, and 
fall to 2870 inches. In the winter of 1837-8 it fell to below 28 inches, the lowest re- 
corded this century ; and on the 18th of January, 1882, it rose to 30-94 inches. On the 
latter occasion the probability of a rapid fall was telegraphed to all the mining 
districts, as the pent up gases would be set at liberty through quickly-diminished 
atmospheric pressure. Since then, viz., on the 9th of last January, the barometer, 
corrected to sea level and freezing point, reached 31 inches at Cork. As is generally 
the case with an unusually high barometer, the air was still, and a slight haze obscured 
the view of distant objects. 

According to the meteorologist, Dove, it is calculated that the mean temperature of 
the whole earth is 58 degrees Fahrenheit ; that of the northern hemisphere being 
597 degrees ; and of the southern, 56-5 degrees. The difference is principally owing 
to the fact that the sun shines about seven days longer in the northern hemisphere 
than in the southern ; the greater extent of land in the former causes greater extremes 
of temperature, so that the difference between the summers of the two hemispheres 
is greater than would otherwise be naturally inferred from the difference between their 
annual mean temperature. 

The southern position of the county of Cork, its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, 
as well as to the more direct influence of the Gulf Stream, combine to make it the 
mildest county in Ireland, and in this respect it compares favourably with either 
Cornwall, Devonshire, or the Isle of Wight. We may have to complain a little of the 
humidity of the atmosphere, but should remember that to this in a great measure we 
owe our freedom from sudden changes of temperatures. 

The eastern portion of our island is as a rule drier, colder, and more subject to 
extremes than the western, and the midland counties experience greater extremes 
than those situated on the borders of the sea. 

The annual mean temperature of the city of Cork is 50 degrees, that of the whole 
of Ireland being 49 degrees. The mean temperature alone gives little idea of climate, 
the extremes and range are more important. On an average, from fifty years observa- 
tions, the warmest day in the north temperate zone, in which we are situated, is the 
26th of July, and the coldest 14th of January. The days which on an average repre- 
sent our mean annual temperature are 24th of April and the 26th of October. 

The hottest day experienced at Cork for the last forty years was Sunday, July 16th, 
1876, when the temperature reached 86 degrees in the shade. The highest recorded 


in London this century was 94 degrees, and at Paris and New York about 10 degrees 
higher. The greatest cold experienced at Cork for the past seventy-rive years was on 
January /lh, 1894, wlien the temperature tell to 11 degrees Fahrenheit, or 21 degrees 
ol" frost. On January 16th, 1881, we had 20 degrees ol" frost. The severe cold was of 
longer duration on that occasion, when thick ice covered the river far below the 
Custom House; the Lough had eight inches of ice, and icycles might have been seen 
hanging from below the horses' mouths from the condensation of vapour from their 
nostrils. The cold experienced in England and Scotland was intense, reaching in the 
midland counties to live degrees below zero, and to zero in London. 

The warmest summer for the last thirty-three years was that of 1887, and the 
coolest 1862. In the latter the highest temperature was 71 degrees. Owing to the 
deficiency of heat the crops were late and produce small. In many places the corn 
had to be cut down green and given to the cattle. The winter of 1878-9 was the 
coldest in the memory of that oft-qnoted individual, the oldest inhabitant. The year 
1879 was a peculiar one. Guided solely by the temperature, not by the almanac, we 
had six months winter, a spring and autumn, but no summer; the highest temperature 
was only 71 degrees. This was the last as well as the most unfavourable of three or 
four years of agricultural depression and failure, producing widespread distress, which 
would have resulted in actual famine but for the liberal and timely contributions from 
England, the Colonies, and America, as well as from the more prosperous of the Irish 

The daily range or extremes of da} 7 and night temperatures at Cork is about 12 
degrees, it sometimes, but rarely, reaches 25 degrees, monthly extremes being con- 
sidered high at 35 degrees. Dublin and London, but particularly the latter, are subject 
to greater extremes of temperature. So far we are more highly favoured. 

One of the most important particulars connected with the climate of any district is 
the annual amount of rainfall to which it is subject, as well as the number of days on 
which rain falls, or the proportional duration of wet and dry weather. There are few 
things more deceptive to the great majority as the amount of rainfall. If told that there 
was a fall of three or lour inches in a certain month, they consider it ridiculous and 
suppose that you must have meant feet not inches. After ordinary heavy rain they 
are used to seeing the water streaming from the down-pipes, rushing through the 
channels, and swelling the watercourses, but do not take into consideration the 
extensive surfaces which have to be drained to produce these effects. The rain gauge 
indicates the quantity or depth of rain falling on the country or district in which it is 

A rainfall of an inch in twenty-four hours, which quantity frequently falls at Cork, 
is equal to one hundred and one tons on the English acre, or to nearly sixty-live 
thousand tons on the square mile. 

Though there is more evaporation in the southern hemisphere, owing to the 
greater expanse of ocean, there is greater rainfall in the northern. The vapour from 
the south being waited northwardly at a great elevation by the south-east trade winds, 
and reaching a calmer and colder region sinks and is condensed, forming clouds, and 
finally falls in rain. 

Before giving particulars of the rainfall of Cork, it may be well for the sake ol 
comparison to give a few of the quantities which fell in different parts of the United 
Kingdom in the year 1894. 

The greatest rainfall, not only in the British Isles, but in the whole ol Europe, falls 
at Stye Head, near Buttermere, Cumberland. In 1894 the amount was 166 inches, 
which is about the average of that place. The smallest amount in the British Isles 


was at Leicester, 18A inches. Greatest fall in Ireland was on Mangerton, 90^ inches; 
least at Banbridge, 2470 inches. Mean for London and Dublin is 26 inches, for Cork 
39 inches. For the latter places the amount in the year 1894 was for London 28 
inches; Dublin, 30 inches ; and Cork, 40 inches. 

January is the wettest month at Cork, average rainfall, four and a half inches ; 
November, December and February have each very little less. Our driest month is May 
with 2-44 inches, April being next with 2-57 inches. The greatest annual fall for the 
last thirty years, and probably for a much longer period, was in 1872, 61 J inches ; the 
dryest year in the same period was 1887, when only 22 r } inches fell. The greatest 
month's rainfall was in December, 1872, 10J inches, and December, 1895, 1016 inches. 
The least month's rainfall was in June, 1887, and March, 1893, viz., 0-40 inch. The 
average daily rainfall is about one-tenth of an inch, we sometimes have an inch in 
twenty-four hours, seldom an inch and a half, but on October iSth, 1882, and November 
20th, 1892, we had 2\ inches, on July 26th, 1872, 2\ inches, and on August 12th, 1868, 
there was a fall of three inches from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. This was the greatest rainfall 
ever recorded at Cork, and was probably unprecedented. The rainfall which preceded 
the great and disastrous flood of November 2nd, 1853, was remarkable both for 
quantity and duration. There was a fall of six inches in the latter half of October, 
and on the two days preceding the flood there was a continuous downpour amounting 
to more than three inches. This flood was probably the greatest experienced in 
Cork this century, as its consequences were more serious than any recorded for 
that period. Through the destruction of St. Patrick's Bridge at least twelve persons 
lost their lives, and probably double that number met their deaths through colds 
and fevers, brought on from severe wettings and from damp houses, in many of 
which the water rose to a height of six or eight feet. The poorer people were 
supplied with food, which was carried to them in boats and handed in at the first 
floor windows. Cattle and farm produce were swept off the low lands and destroyed. 
The flooding of the fields gave a lake-like appearance to many portions of the valley 
of the Lee. 

The heaviest rainfall of short duration in my recollection occurred on the morning 
of Thursday, July 26th, 1872. It fortunately lasted but one and a half or two hours. 
The total rainfall that day was two and a half inches, most of which fell in those two 
hours. Torrents of water rushed down the hills ; the boundary walls of private grounds 
in many places were overturned. The surface of the Old Youghal Road was almost 
completely washed away, laying bare the rock and exposing the gas and water pipes. 
The debris was piled up at the foot of the hill to the height of six feet, and lay against 
the doors and shop-fronts of several houses. 

Though as a rule the atmosphere is damp during rain, yet such is not always the 
case, as is proved by the indications of the hygrometer, which sometimes shows more 
than average dryness notwithstanding the downpour. This occurs when the rain falls 
from the higher atmosphere, or from heavy detached cumulous clouds ; the rain on 
such occasions is generally heavy and of short duration. On the other hand we fre- 
quently have a degree of moisture in the air, much above the average, unaccompanied 
by rain, but when this increases to the point of saturation, the atmosphere being over- 
charged, discharges itself of the excessive moisture in a thick, steady, fine rain, 
sometimes called a "Scotch mist." 

If after a fine morning the sky becomes overcast, and rain begins to fall at or about 
noon, it is an unfavourable sign of the day. But if on the other hand after a wet 
morning the rain gradually lightens and clears off about noon, the probability is that 
the remainder of the day will be fine. At this time the sun's rays are most vertical, 


and have therefore greatest power in heating and expanding the atmosphere, giving 
greater capacity for moisture which it consequently takes up as invisible vapour, 
dissipating the clouds which would otherwise fall in rain. For a similar reason we 
have less rain by day than by night, and less in summer than in winter. 

The annual number of days with rain varies considerably. In the last twenty years 
it ranged in Cork from 234 days in 1877 to 154 in 1887, the average number being 195 
days. Though the amount of rainfall in Dublin is only two-thirds that of Cork, it has 
as man}'- days with rain. 

We do not have rain when the temperature is below 38 degrees ; water or vapour 
then reaches the earth as sleet or snow, descending from a height at which the 
tertiperature is at or below freezing point. This soon thaws unless the air should con- 
tinue to cool down, which would be a natural consequence. If the cold increase till it 
reaches or goes below 32 degrees, the falling snow no longer containing any liquid 
particles, loses its cohesive property, greatly to the disappointment of the schoolboy 
who anticipates an agreeable pastime in the exciting exercise of throwing snowballs. 

The extreme whiteness of snow is owing to the multiplicity of reflections from the 
innumerable surfaces or facets of the crystals of which it is composed. The various 
degrees of density in deposited snow is remarkable, the lightest requires a depth of 
thirty-five inches to be equal when dissolved to one inch of water, while the most dense 
will be as five to one of water. The average density being in the proportion of twelve 
inches of snow to one of water. 

We consider it a heavy fall which covers the ground to a uniform depth of three 
inches, it has often been seen in Cork six inches deep, but in the great snowstorm of 
February 15th and 16th, 1855, the city was covered to a depth varying from two to 
three feet, and the country from four to six feet, snow drifts, of course, being much 
deeper. On that occasion the snow continued to fall without intermission for thirty- 
three hours; many persons were snowed up and perished, coaches and trains ceased 
running, and business was almost entirely suspended for three days. The heaviest 
fall since then was that of February 19th and 20th, 1892, when business was at a com- 
plete standstill for some days. In some districts railway traffic had to be abandoned. 
Several trains were snowed up, including one that the writer happened to be in when 
returning from Dublin. 

As the direction as well as the duration and force of wind in any district influi 
the character of its climate, it is necessary that we should briefly refer to this branch 
of the subject. It may be premised that when the air is in motion, no matter whethei 
as a gentle breeze or as a violent storm, it travels quicker in the higher regions of the 
atmosphere than near the surface of the earth, where its progress is retarded by the 
obstructions of mountains, hills, or minor irregularities. 

That this is the case is proved by observation on the speed of cloud shadows 
the surface of the earth, as well as by the rate at which balloons travel, which must 
necessarily be at the speed of the stratum of air through which they may happen to be 
passing at any given time. The retardation through friction of surrounding obstructions 
is familiarly illustrated by the flow of a river, where it may be observed that the water 
at the bed of the river, as well as at the sides, where the freedom of its onward 
progress is impeded, moves less rapidly than in the centre, which is comparatively free 
from obstruction. 

1 To be continued. 1 


jNfotes on the Council TJooK 0/ Clonakilty, 

Now in the possession of tlic Rev. J. Hume Townsend, D. D. 

7 , At a court held for sd. burrough the ioth day of August i8iq Cant. 
CI »■/ akiltv ^ anie ' Connor was sworn ireeman of this burrough by the undernamed 
suffrain burgesses and recorder. 

David Barry Suff. Har. Freke 

Arthur Bernard Fras: Bernard. 

Percy Freke 

(This entry is clearly misdated, as David Barry was not suffrain in 

Daniel Connor of Manch, merchant, grandson of Cornelius Connor 
of Bandon. He died, 1737, leaving three sons — William of Manch, M.P. 
for Bandon ; George of Ballybricken ; and Henry, in holy orders. 

At a court held for said burrough the 23rd day of August 1727 by 
., , ,s , -A the undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy recorder the Hono ble 
' Coll. Abraham de Fisher, Matthew Adderley esq' and Mr. Nathaniel 
Danger were admitted and sworn freemen. 

David Barry Suffrn., Fra: Bernard 

Percy Freke Roger Bernard 

John Townesend 

Richard Hungereord Dep. Rec. 

Matthew Adderley, probably son of Edward Adderley of Gloucester- 
shire, and Mary, daughter of Sir Matthew Hale of Alderley. 

At a court held for the sd. burrough on Wednesday the 30th of 

/-v 7 * 7 •/> August 1727 by the undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy 

Cloughnakilty. & J & K J 

recorder Capt. Allon Brown, the Rev. Mr. Nicholas Skoelheld, Mr. 

Edward Jermyn, Mr. David Jermyn Mr. Thomas Clements Mr. Anthony Litten and 

Mr. Vincent Lamb were admitted and sworn freemen of this burrough. 

David Barry Suffrn. Riciid. Cox 

Emanuel Moore John Bourne 

Percy Freke Richard Hungereord. 

Era : Bernard 

Nicholas Skolfield, scholar of T.C.D., 1707, vicar choral of Cork, 
rector Rathbarry, vicar Fanlobis and Drinagh, vicar Kilgaskin from 
1737 to 1746, married, 1718, Mary, widow of Allen Riggs, and daughter 
of the great Sir R. Cox. Nicholas Skolfield died 1746. 


County of Corke. At a court of record held for said hurrough on Monday the 1 6th 
Burrough of day of October 1727 by the undernamed suffrain burgesses deputy 
Cloughnakilty. recorder and freemen. 

Pursuant to an order to us directed from Richard Cox esqr high sheriff of this 
county, grounded on his Majesties writt : bearing date the thirteenth day of 7^er ] a st 
requiring us to elect and chuse two able and discreet burgesses to appear at the next 
parliament to be held in Dublin the 16th day of Q ber next, there to do and consent in 
behalf of said burrough to all such matters as shall concern the publick good of this 
kingdom : now we, the soveraigne burgesses and freemen have elected Francis 
Bernard jun r esq r and Richd. Cox esq r the sd. sheriff to represent the corporation in 
said parliament. 

Freemen. David Barky Suffrn. 

Willm. Meade Corn: Townesend 

Tho. Browne Ja. Cox 

Hen. Kenny Arthur Bernard 

Natl Danger. 

Ri< hard HrxcFRFORn Dep. Roc 

At a court of record held for sd. burrough on the 25th day of S^er 
CI ' J biU l ~ 2 ~ k> T tne undernamed suffran, burgesses and deputy recorder, Mr. 
' ' Thomas Barter senr., Mr. John Broom, Mr. Samuel Jeago, Thos 
Barter junr., John Porter, Charles Gookin, William Austin, Edward Martin, Richard 
Martin, William Martin, Benjamin Barter, Richard Daunt, John Wagner, . 
Lankton, Jonathan Busteed, Thomas Aderley, John Anstis, John Montague, Robert 
Danger, Samuel Millner, John Walters, William Millner, William Dwyer, John Gale, 
William Barter, William Daunt, Edward Bulstrowde, Harbert Gilman, John Smith 
iunr., David Hamilton, John Spiller, Thomas Clerk, Hugh Ruby, Phillip Ruby, Thomas 
Donovan, Henery Hussey and Mr. John Hungerford were admitted and sworn freemen 
of this burrough. 

Percy Freke Suffrn. Rogi :. Bernard 

Fra : Bernard Har : Fr. 

Same. Jervois 

Richard Hungerford Dept Rcc 

Perhaps William Daunt was of Tracton Abbey, who, 1727, married 
Elizabeth Bullen. 

John Hungerford, probably John, second son of Thomas Hungerford 
and Frances Syng, and grandson of Captain Thomas Hungerford, the 
first settler. John married Catherine Jones of Drumbeg. 

Herbert Gillman, great-grandson of Lieut. John Gillman, founder of 
the family in county Cork (see C. II. A. S. Journal, second series, vol. i., 
p. 351). John left two sons, Stephen of Curraheen and Henry of 
Carrigrohane. Stephen's line ended with Sir John St. Leger Gillman, 
1S17. Henry married three times. His eldest surviving son, Richard, 
was issue of the second marriage with Maude, daughter of Captain 
James Elwill of Bandon. Richard married Mary Baldwin of Curravordy 
(Mount Pleasant), and settled at Gurteen, near Bandon. These lands 
had been acquired by Richard Hawes when forfeited by the O'Mahony 


clan (see C. H. A. S, Journal, second series, vol. i., p. 222), and he named 
Richard Gillman in his will. 

Richard died before 17 16, leaving, with daughters, an only son, 
Herbert. He married, April 11, 1724, Jane, third daughter of John 
Webb of Clogheenmilcon, Clonteadmore, etc., now represented by- 
Herbert Webb Gillman. His second wife, married May 4, 1732, was 
Sarah, daughter of Henry Baldwin of Mount Pleasant, and had Herbert, 
who inherited from his father Shannacloyne (Old Park) and gave origin 
to the family, Gillman of Old Park, now only represented by descendants 
in America. The third wife of H. Gillman was Penelope, married 1744, 
second daughter of Philip French of Rath {alias Gurrane, the rath and 
royal residence of the O'Mahony chiefs), mayor of Cork 1715, and 
Penelope, daughter of Captain Horatio Townesend, R.N., and grand- 
daughter of Colonel R. Townesend. By his third marriage H. Gillman 
only had two daughters, Penelope, who married, 1768, Jonas Bernard of 
Carhue, and Mary, died unmarried. 

Thomas Aderley, eldest son of Edward Aderley of Gloucestershire, 
an officer in King Charles' Munster army before 1649. Thomas was 
member of Parliament for Bandon and Clonakilty for forty years. He 
married, in 1740, Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Bernard and widow 
of Viscount Charlemont ; and secondly, Margaret Bourke. He died 
in 1792. 

The Barter family descend from three brothers who were captains of 
infantry in the army of William III. 

Thomas Barter, senr., son of Benjamin, who was probably one of 
these officers. Thomas was of Anaghmore, etc., he married several 
times. By his wife Elizabeth Hawkes, married 1704, he had Benjamin, 
mentioned below. His will was proved 1750. 

Thomas Barter, junr., only son of John Barter of Cooldaniel, 
younger brother of Thomas Barter of Anaghmore. John married 
Margaret, daughter of Robert Atkins, mayor of Cork 1726. His will 
was proved 1742. 

Benjamin Barter, second son of Thomas of Anaghmore. He mar- 
ried, 1730, Mary Hodder, and inherited the lands of Lissanisky by his 
father's will. He left a son, Thomas, mentioned in his grandfather's will. 

William Barter, eldest son of Thomas of Anaghmore, where he 
succeeded his father. Joseph, the third son of Thomas Barter, does not 
seem to have become a freeman. 

, . At the court of record held for the said burrough on Wednesday 
U uwou ,cr h of 

Cloughnakilty the l8th of 8ber I727 by the undernamed suffrain, burgesses and 

deputy recorder on my Lord Burlington's not notifying his election of 

one of the three burgesses nominated and returned to his lordship on St. James' day 


last, have unanimously elected and sworn the Hon ble Sir Percy Freke bait, who took 
the oath and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him. 

David Barry Har: Freke 

Robert Trayers Cor: Townesend 

Emanuel .Moore Roger Bernard 

Francis Bernard John Honner 

Arthur Bernard John Townesend 
Saml. Jervois 

Richard Hengereord Dep. Recorder. 

At a court of record held for sd. burrough the 28th day of April 
Burrough oj ^ hg death of Sir p Freke ba j ohn Tmvne send esqr 

' Richd Cox esq ie and James Cox esq re were ellected to be return d to 
the lord of the soyle in order to his lordship's nominating one of them to be suffrain 
for the remainder of this year : which nomination or aprobation is to be made in fifteen 
days pursuant to the charter. 

Adjourned to Wednesday the 8th of May. 

Richd Hungerford Dep Rec John Townesend 
John Honner James Cox 

1 1 ary Freke 

At a court of record held for said burrough on Wednesday the 8th 
urroug to/ t j :i y f May 1728 by the undernamed burgesses and deputy recorder 
on the lord of the soyle not making his election of one of the three 
burgesses returned to his lordship upon the death of Sir Percy Freke our late suffrain: 
for suffrain for the rest of this year, John Townesend esq was ellected and sworn 
suffrain for the remainder of this year pursuant to the charter and had the ensignes of 
authority delivered to him. 

Rogr Bernard Richard Townesend 

James Cox Richard Cox 

Richard Cox Cor: Townesend 

Emanuel Moore John Honnor 

Francis Bernard John Townesend 

Har: Freke Same. Jervois 

Richard Hungerford, Dep. Rec. 

At a court held for the said burrough the 8th day of May 1728 

Burrough oj . Bernard eq' was by the appointment of the Rt. Hon'-'* 

' Richard Earl of Cork and Burlington lord of the soyle sworn recorder 

of this burrough by the undernamed Sbveraigne and burgesses pursuant to the charter. 

John Townesend, Suffn Roger Bernard 

Emanuel Moore Cor: Townesend 

Richard Cox James Cox 
Hary Freke 

At a court of record held for the said burrough on Saturday the 
h it/t 011^/1 oj - t | lot8 i,,. , 72 s by the undernamed suffrain recorder and burgesses, 
oug it ay. t ^ n on bfe Sir John Freke bart. and Morgan Donovan eq" 
elected and sworn in free burgesses of sd burrough in the room of S* Percy Freke bart. 


and Bryan Townesend esq re deceased, pursuant to the charter and stattute, and the 
same day Captain William Hoar Richard Murray Francis Rucroft Richard Rucroft and 
George Hayes were duely sworn freemen. 

John Townesend Suffn Richd Mead 

Richard Cox Har Freke 

Same. Jervois Cor: Townesend 

Robt. Travers Roger Bernard 
John Townesend 

At the court of record held for the sd burrough the 16th day of 

,* , /,, 8 ber 1728 by John Townsend eq r suffrain and Richard Hungerford 
Cloughnakilty. ' J J ? & 

deputy recorder the undernamed persons were admitted and sworn 

freemen of the corporation. 

John Townesend Suffn 

Richard Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

Thomas Cole, Edward Blake, Thomas Blake, Garett Hearn, Richard Troume, 
David Troume, Joseph Burchell, Samuel Burchell, William Byre, Tho s Curtin, 
Edw cl Barrett, John Grady, John Coursey, Lawrence Salter, Richd Nash, John Dinneen, 
Mr. Francis Townsend, Mr. Butler Townsend. 

Francis and Butler Townsend were sons of Richard Townesend, who 
lived near Bandon, and married Miss Minchin. He was son of Captain 
F. Townsend and Catherine Honner of Madame. Francis Townesend 
lived at Clogeen, and married one of the Roche family. Butler, born 
1703, died 1734, was a clergyman ; he married Frances, daughter of 
John Roche of West Carberry. 

At a court of record held for this burrough on Fryday the 18th day 
hw } oug 1 oj o j. g ber g pursuant to the nomination and appointment of the lord of 
Cloughnakilty. ' r J r . 

the soyle, Roger Bernard eq r was elected and sworne surfrain lor the 

ensuing year, and had the ensigns of authority delivered to him. At the same time 
John Dixon, John Colle senr. (sic), John Coole junr., George Crofton, Nathaniel 
Blake, John Barrett and Danl. Mahony were sworn freemen. 

John Townesend Saml. Jervois 

Emanuel Moore Robt. Travers 

Stephen Bernard Cor: Townesend 

At a court of record held for sd burrough on Saturday the 18th day 

Burroughoj ^ March 1728-9 by the undernamed suffrain and burgesses the 
Cloughtiak/ltv. „ , „ T .„. „ , „ . , , t , , , 

Rev (1 William Meade elk. was unanimously elected and sworn burgess 

in the place and room of Robert Travers eq r deceased. 

Rog: Bernard Suffn Jno. Townesend 

Richd. Townesend Robert Travers 

Corn : Townesend Mor : Donovan 

John Townesend 

Richd. Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

(To be continued.) 

CORK M.l'S. 


Cork jVLp's., 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

Roche, Philip, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1639. 

Son of Richard Roche, of Powlenelong (who died 9th September, 1638), by his third 
wife, Nicola, daughter of Garret Gould, of Cork, and half-brother of Patrick Roche, M.P. 

(q.v.) He lived in Cork Street, Kinsale ; his estates were forfeited by Cromwell. He 
is said to have died unmarried. 

Roche, Redmond, of Cahirdangan. 

M.P. Cork County, 1639. 
He was expelled 22nd June, 1642, " for the rebellion." 

[Rochfort, Robert. 

M.P. Cork County, 1463. 

(Sec under Roger Sonkeston, m.p. post.) ] 

Rogers, George, of Ballyknavin, county Tipperary. 

Elected M.P. for Midleton and Lismore, 1692, and sat for the latter. 

Second son of Francis Rogers, merchant, of Cork, and brother of Robert Rogers, M.P. 
(r/.v.) ; resided also at Ashgrove ; was attainted by James II. 

He and Thomas Brodrick ((/.v.) were the first two members elected for the borough 
of Midleton, which was incorporated by charter dated 2nd January, 1670. On his 
electing to sit for Lismore, Henry Petty (q.v.) was chosen by the Midleton burgesses 
to succeed him. 

He was born about 1649; married first, Anne; secondly, . He died, 1710, 

and was buried in the church of Clonmell, county Cork, leaving issue, of whom Mary 
married E. Webber, M.P. (q.v.), and Lucy married Emanuel Ptgot, M.P. {q.v.) 

Rogers, Alderman Robert, of Ashgrove, Cork. 
M.P. Cork City, 1692 ; 1695-99. 

Eldest son of Francis Rogers, merchant, of Cork, by a daughter of Joseph Pike, and 
brother of the foregoing. He had grants of lands from Charles II., which were con- 
firmed by James II. ; mayor of Cork, 1680; lent money to the corporation to build the 
shambles ; was apparently treasurer and financial agent of the corporation. 

He married, [697, Elizabeth, daughter of Alderman Noblett iHmscombe, of Cork, 
and died 1717. Ancestor of the Lota family. 

Ronaine, Alderman Theobald, of Youghal. 
M.P. Youghal, 1634 ; 1639. 

Admitted freeman of Youghal, 1610; bailiff, 1627; mayor, [629. Was a merchant in 
the town and a prominent participator in its public affairs. Was wealthy and contri- 
buted £12 to the general assessment "upon the ablest men of Youghell," to provide 


forty butts of "secke" — Falstaffs favourite sack — for the supply of His Majesty's army 

for one month in 1642. 

The candidates for the election in 1634, and the respective voting were as follows: — 
Edward Gough, alderman 8 = . . . . 59 votes. 

Theobald Ronaine, do. . . . . . . 41 ,, 

Edward Stoute, do. . . . . 21 ,, 

Christmas Harford, do. . . . . . . 5 .1 

In 1639, the candidates and voting were : — 

Edward Gough .. .. .. .. 51 ,, 

Theobald Ronaine . . . . . . 44 ,, 

William Gough .. .. .. .. 21 ,, 

Nicholas Forrest . . . . . . . . 10 ,, 

Rowley, Samuel Campbell. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1797-1800. 
Third son of Clotworthy Rowley, M.P., by Letitia, daughter and co-heir of Samuel 
Campbell, of Mount Campbell, county Leitrim ; and younger brother of William Rowley, 
m.p. (q.v.) 

He was born 19th January, 1774; married, first, Mary Thompson ; secondly, 1830, 
Mary Cronin, and died January, 1846, it is said s.p. 

He was a lieutenant in the royal navy ; free of Kinsale, 1797 ; was M.P. also (in the 
Imperial Parliament) for Downpatrick, 1800-1802 ; Kinsale, 1802-1806; rear-admiral of 
the white; commanded the "Terror" (burnt at Copenhagen, 1801) and the " Laurel." 
" His wonderful presence of mind and heroism when his ship the ' Laurel' frigate was 
wrecked, January, 18 12 — he being the very last man to leave her — shed lustre on our 
naval annals."' 

Rowley, William, (^ of Langford Lodge, Moira, and Granby Row, Dublin. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1790-97; 1797-1800. 

Eldest son of Clotworthy Rowley, m.p., and brother of the foregoing ; b.a. (t.c.d.) 
1783; ll.b., 1787 ; barrister-at-law, 1787; freeman of Kinsale, 1790; recorder, 1796; 
commissioner of Customs, 1798, and re-elected after accepting that office. Was M.P. 
also (in the Imperial Parliament) for Kinsale, 1801-1802. 
He died unmarried, 181 1. 

Rugg, Henry, of Ballydaniel. 

M.P. Youghal, 1719-27. 
Fifth son of the Rev. John Rugge. 

Was a barrister-at-law; deputy-recorder, Youghal, 1700; recorder, 1715, from which 
office he was removed in 1724, because " he hath greatly dis-served the corporation, 
and entered into measures destructive of their ancient liberties and the duty of his 
office" — and Hugh Dixon (y.v.) was appointed in his stead. A member of the common 
council, 171 1. He appeared before the House of Commons in 17 15 on behalf of the 
corporation, in regard to the admission, irregularly, to the freedom of the town of 
fifty-five unqualified persons in the previous October. Contested the representation 
of the town with Sir John Osborne, the voting being — Rugg, 88 ; Osborne, 60. 

He married 26th December, 1708, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Jasper Lucas, 
merchant, of Youghal, by Jane Hayman, and had issue three daughters, co-heiresses. 
(For a description of Ballydaniel, his residence, see Smith, vol. i. p. 86). 

St. George, Richard. 

M.P. Charleville, 1783-90. 

Second son of Captain George St. George, by Miss Bathurst, and nephew of Sir 
Richard St. George, of Woodsgift, first baronet. 
He was drowned in the river St. Lawrence. 

CO Misprinted Crowley in Caulfiekfs and other lists. 

CORK M.PS. 2 27 

St. George, Arthur (afterwards first Viscount Doneraile). 
M.P. Doneraile, 1692. 

Eldest son of John St. Leger, M.P. {q.v.) He and his father were the first two members 
for the borough, which was incorporated 1st May, 1679. Attainted by James II., 1689; 
a privy councillor; created Baron of Kilmaydon and Viscount " Downerayle" 23rd 
June, 1703. Rebuilt the parish church of Doneraile, which had been erected by his 
grandfather in 1633. 

He married 24th January, 1690, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Hayes, M.P. 
{q.v.); she died 1739, anc ^ ' ia< ^ i ssue ( sce following). He died suddenly in his chaise 
on the road between Waterford and Doneraile, 7th July, 1727, and was buried at Done- 
raile. The viscountcy of this creation is extinct. 

St. Leger, Hon. Arthur (afterwards second Viscount Doneraile). 
M.I'. Doneraile, 1715-27. 

Eldest son of the foregoing; b.a. (t.c.d.), 1 7 1 7 ; ll.d. {, 1719. He was born 
1693; married, first, 1717, Mary, only child of the notorious Lord Mohun (she died 
November, 1 7 18) ; he married secondly, 1725, Catherine Sarah, daughter of Captain 
John Conyngham (she died 1783, s.p.) He succeeded as second Viscount Doneraile, 
1727, and died in the Isle of Man, 13th March, 1734, and was succeeded by his only 
son (by his first wife), Arthur. 

St. Leger, Hon. Barry Boyle. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1797-99. 

Fifth son of the first Viscount Doneraile of the existing creation — (see St. Leger 
St. Leger, m.p.). Was a barrister-at-law. 

He was born 23rd November, 1768, and died November, 1799. 

St. Leger, Hon. Hayes. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1727-50. 

Third son of Arthur St. Leger, first Viscount Doneraile {q.v.). He was baptised 
1st January, 1702 ; succeeded his nephew, Arthur St. Leger (the third baronet), in the 
peerage, 1750; married, 1722, Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heir of Joseph Dearie, 
chief baron of the exchequer; he d.s.p. 25th April, 1767, and with him the peerage 
expired. The title was revived in the person of St. L^eger St. L^eger {q.v.). 

St. Leger, Hayes (afterwards second Viscount Doneraile). 

M.P. Doneraile, 1776-83 ; 1783-87. 

Eldest son of St. Leger St. Leger, first viscount of existing creation {q.v.). Was high 
sheriff, county Cork, 1780; elected for Dingle also in 1783, and sat for Doneraile. He 
was born 9th March, 1755; married, 1785, Charlotte Bernard, sister of first Earl of 
Bandon (she died 1835). He succeeded as second viscount, 1787 ; died 8th November, 
1819. His male issue expired witli the fourth lord, who died in 1S87 from hydrophobia 
caused by the bite of a fox, and the title reverted to the descendant of Hon. Richard 
St. Leger, M.P. {q.v.). 

St. Leger Hayward, of Castlemore. 

M.P. Mallow, 1661. 

Third son of Sir William St. Leger, M.P. (q.v.), and brother at John St. I 
Was in 1672 (then "Colonel St. Leger") sworn a freeman and burgess of Kinsale 
gratis; was also of " Hayward's Hillhouse," county Cork; a commissioner for "the 
arrears due the officers," 1662 and 1675; had grants of land under the Acts of Settlement. 
He married Barbara, widow of Sir Andrew Barrett, m.p. (q.v.), (she died 1685), and 
had issue four sons and three daughters. He died before 16S5. 

1 /'•' be continued). 




proceedings 0/ the 5 0C i e ty- 


HE fourth annual general meeting of the Society was held on Tuesday 
evening, April 14th, 1896, in the Library, Municipal School of Art, at 
eight o'clock. 

Mr. Robert Day, f.s.a., President, occupied the chair. 
The President said — We have come to another annual meeting of our 
Society, and I have been asked to give a presidential address. Hitherto I have 
encroached too much upon the preserves of the hon. secretary, and, with your per- 
mission, I will leave the retrospect of the year's work in his hands. He will recall to 
your memory its many pleasant recollections, the lectures we have heard, and the 
papers that have been read, which were varied enough to whet every appetite and 
please every taste. We have been occasionally mildly abused, but it is one of the 
easiest things in the world to find fault, and it is sometimes rather a virtue to merit 
adverse criticism. I am glad that the researches of our Society are not limited and 
confined within the precincts of the county, but are gradually embracing the adjoining 
counties of Kerry and Limerick, and recording events in the general history of our 
country. Take, for instance, the papers of Miss Kelly and the Rev. J. F. Lynch. 
There is ample work to be done if only our members would take a more practical 
interest in this Journal. I know that some of its contributors will endorse what I say, 
for they strongly object to seeing their own names so often in print. They on their 
part and I on mine would much rather see new blood infusing itself into our pages, 
and new names heading our papers. 

We have lost by death some of our members in the past year. In the order of 
Providence this cannot be wondered at, as our member roll numbers six hundred; but 
the year has been sadly eventful in removing one who was with us from the com- 
mencement, who took the warmest interest in our Society from its inception, and was 
its vice-president. Need I say that I allude to Mr. Denny Lane ? On this day twelve 
months he was with us, bright and genial, always ready to impart the information 
with which his mind was so richly stored, the great treasure-house from which he ever 
took things new and old, and dispensed with a free and generous hand. He is gone 
to his reward, and we are all the poorer by his absence and by his irreparable loss. 
Among our distinguished members from the start was the late Primate, who often spoke 
to me of the interest he took in our transactions, and the pleasure with which he looked 
forward to the coming of our Journal to his home in Armagh. Another, of whom a 
memoir by the able pen of Mr. Thomas Crosbie has appeared in the Journal, was also 
a foundation member, Mr. Richard Barter, the gifted sculptor, who in his studio at 
St. Ann's Hill always had a warm Irish welcome for friends and visitors. But this is 
sad work, and as I have something to show you and talk about later on 1 will now ask 
the treasurer to read the statement ot our finances. 

The Hon. Secretary (Mr. Denham Franklin, j.p.) then read a resume of the year's 
work of the Society, mentioning the subjects on which papers had been read and 
lectures delivered. 

The Hon. Treasurer (Mr. Thomas Farrington, m.a.) submitted a statement of 
accounts. The total receipts were ^163 7s. lid., and the expenditure ,£15605. S^d., 


leaving a balance in hands of £7 7s. 5 -Ad. Since they commenced they had small 
balances to their credit annually, and the total of these balances now amounted to 
£\2 IOS. od. 

Mr. T. II. Mahony proposed the adoption of the report and statement of accounts, 
and congratulated the heads of the Society and the members on the uniform success 
which had attended their efforts since its inception. 

Air. Cecil C. Woods, f.b S.A., seconded the proposition, which was passed 

Index to the Cork Marriages, from a.d. 1623 to 1750. 

The Hon. Secretary, on behalf of Mr. Herberl Webb Gillman, Vice-President, 
who was unable to be present owing to indisposition, moved the following 
resolution : — 

il That this, the annual general meeting of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, 
understanding that an Index to the Cork Marriage bonds between the years 1623 and 1750 has 
been placed in the search room of the Public Record Office, Dublin, and that the Vice-President 
of this Society lias been instructed by the Council to ask the permission of the Right Hon. the 
Master of the Rolls to publish the Index, recommends same to his lordship's favourable consi- 
deration in the interests of the residents in Cork city and county."' 

Mr. CECIL C. WOODS seconded the motion. He said it was more important than 
appeared on the surface, because there were a great many respectable Catholic families 
living amongst them at the present time, many of whom two hundred years ago were 
amongst the aristocracy, and the family history of these people would be quite as 
interesting as that of people now in the higher ranks of life. 

The resolution was passed unanimously. 

Documents and Articles Lent to the Society. 
The Hon. Secretary also proposed, on behalf of Mr. Gillman : — 
"That the cordial thanks of this the annual general meeting of the Cork Historical and 
Archaeological Society be given to the following gei ' the county of Cork for valuable 

documents and articles lent to the Society through the Vice-President, viz : I I | tain R. 
Tonson Rye, D.i .. of Rye Court, for important family papers throwing light on thehistor) oi lands 
in Muskerry in the seventeenth century, and for tb the beautiful flag of the Muskcrrj 

Cavalry : to Sir Augustus R. Warren, bart, D.L., for the loan of the Orderly Book of the 
Muskerry Yeomanry, extracts from which will shortly be published, and for information and loan 
ol arms ol the corps ; T. W. Woodley, D.L., oi Leades House, for loans of arms ol 

the same corps, and for material aid in exploring on his lands : to Messrs. Gallwey foi loan ol 
rderlj book of the Muskerry Legion : to the contributors to the conversazione, especiall) 
those who came from a distance." 

Rev. J. A. Dwyer, o.p., seconded the motion, which was supported by Mr. T. 
Farrington and passed unanimously. 

Mr. FRANCIS W. ALLMAN (Council member) moved the re-election oi the Council 
and officers as they wen- constituted at present. 

Mr. HENRY J. P, CASEY seconded the proposition, which was passed unanimously. 

Exhibits by Mr. Roberi Day, F.S.A. 
Early Copper Ci lts. 
The President, on behalf of J. H. Poole, esq . Courtmacsherry, exhibited two early- 
copper celts, which were found during the construction of the Hcadford and Kenmare 


Railway in a cleft of a limestone quarry, seven feet beneath the surface. They had 
evidently fallen through the parted rock and remained for centuries just as they were 
iound, but are covered with a pale green patina and bear no signs of having been in use. 

O'Brien, the Irish Giant. 

By the kindness of H. P. Daunt, esq., of Kinsale, the President was enabled to exhibit 
the finger ring of Patrick Cotter O'Brien, the Irish giant (illustration annexed). He was 
born near Pallastown, Kinsale, in 1761, and recollections of his great stature and his 
feats of strength are still preserved in the locality. He was a stonemason by trade, and 
it is told of him at Pallastown, the family residence of R. W. Heard, esq., that he 
plastered the ceilings of the mansion without the aid of step-ladder or stool. His 
parents were not above the average height. When eighteen years of age a speculative 
showman bought him from his father at fifty pounds a year and embarked with him to 
Bristol. But after having been exhibited for a short time the young giant struck, as he 
was not allowed any pocket money for the tobacco, which was then as it is now one of 
the luxuries of the Irish peasant's life. 

The showman taking advantage of the law as it then existed, flung him into a 
debtor's prison, thinking that he would soon be terrified into submission ; but 
fortunately the circumstance came to the knowledge of a benevolent gentleman, who, 
proving the contract to be illegal, had Cotter liberated. He at once commenced on 
his own account, and with such success that he earned thirty pounds in three days. 
Shortly after this Cotter changed his name, or possibly it was changed for him by the 
showman who took him round as an exhibition. At Pallastown he was plain Patrick 
Cotter, but now he appears with the appellation of an Irish king, from whom he claimed 
lineal descent. 

Here is the copy of one of his handbills — 

" [ust arrived in Town, and to be seen in a commodious room at No. 11 Haymarket, nearly- 
opposite the Opera House, the celebrated Irish Giant, Mr. O'Brien of the Kingdom of Ireland, 
indisputably the tallest man ever shown. He is a lineal descendant of the old puissant King 
Brien lioreau, and has in person and appearance all the similitude of that great and grand 
Potentate. It is remarkable of this family that however various the revolutions in point of 
fortune and alliance, the lineal descendants thereof have been favoured by Providence with the 
original size and stature which have been so peculiar to their family. The Gentleman alluded 
to measures near nine feel high. Admittance, one Shilling.'' 

Cotter conducted himself with so much prudence that having realised a competence 
he retired to Clifton, where he died at the age of forty-seven, September 8th, 1804. A 
memorial tablet in the Roman Catholic church, Trenchard Street, Bristol, informs us 
that : 

" Here lie the remains of Mr. Patrick Colter O'Brien, a native of Kinsale, in the kingdom 
of Ireland. He was a man of Gigantic Stature, exceeding eight feet three inches in height, 
and proportionally large."' 

Previous to his death he expressed great anxiety lest his body should fall into the 
hands of the anatomists, and gave directious for securing his remains with brickwork 
and strong iron bars in the grave. 

A notice occurs in the British Magazine for 1783 of the death of another Irish giant 
of the same name : 

" In Cockspur Street, Charing Cross, aged only twenty-two, Mr. Charles Byrne, the famous 
Irish giant, whose death is said to have been precipitated by excessive drinking, to which he 


2 31 

was always addicted, but more particularly since his late loss of almost all his property, which 
he had simply invested in a single bank note of ,£700. In his last moments he requested that 
his remains might be thrown into the sea. in order that his bones might be removed far out of the 
reach of the chirurgical fraternity. In consequence the body was put on board a vessel, conveyed 
to the Downs, and sunk in twenty fathoms of water. In August, 1780, he measured exactly 
eight feet. In 1782 his stature had gained two inches, and when dead his full length was eight 
feet four inches." 

There is no truth in the statement that his remains were thrown into the sea, for 
his skeleton, measuring seven feet eight inches, is now in the Museum of the College 
of Surgeons, and the tradition in the college is that it was purchased by William 
Hunter for five hundred pounds. 

Finger Ring of O'Brien. 

Patrick Cotter O'Brien's ring is of gold 1 -J- inch in diameter, the shank flat and 
plain, and is joined to a large oval bezel, two inches in length, enclosing beneath a 
crystal upon a white enamelled ground work the Irish harp surmounted by two hands 
clasped, of gold, within a wreath of hairwork and sprays studded with seed pearls. 
It was given by Cotter O'Brien to the granduncle of its present owner, who resided 
in Bristol, and who knew Cotter as' a Kinsale man. 

A Medal of hie Irish Volunteers. 

The accompanying illustrations, which are drawn the exact size of the original, have 
in the field of the obverse a Volunteer, fully accoutred and armed, at attention, and 
around the edge the motto " A Parliamentary reform or else." Upon the reverse 
beneath the loop is the date " 10th October,"' and tilling the corresponding space 
below " 1784.'' Within its beaded circle, enclosed by a wreath of laurel, are the letters 
" T. S." and over them "The reward ol merit.' Prior and up to 1782, the grievance 
which the volunteers sought to redress by their unanimity, their great numbers, the 
property which they represented, and their self-sacritice and determination, were the 
iniquitous trade restrictions that with iron hand gripped the vitals of the country, 
paralyzing its energies and destroying its commerce. But in that memorable year, 
owing altogether to the action of the patriots in the house, backed by the presence 
and the bayonets of the Volunteers, a large measure of free trade was wrung from a 
reluctant Parliament, and the Volunteers achieved a moral victory. Where they had 



accomplished so much, they essayed to gain more, and strove with patriotic zeal to 
introduce much-needed reforms into Parliament. 

The debate on Flood's motion for leave to bring in his Reform Bill was angry, 
excited, and storury. Yelverton, the Attorney-General, opposed it in a bitter speech, 
which Flood replied to : 

•• I have not introduced the Volunteers, but if they are aspersed I will defend their charade). 
against all the world. By whom were the commerce and the constitution of this country 
recovered ? By the Volunteers ! Why did not the right honorable gentleman make a declaration 
against them when they lined our streets, when Parliament passed through the ranks of those 
virtuous armed men to demand the rights of an insulted nation ? Are they different men this 
day, or is the right honorable gentleman different? He was then one of their body, he is now 
their accuser. He who saw the streets lined, who rejoiced, who partook in their glory, is now 
their accuser. Are they less brave, les> wise, less ardent in their country's cause, or has their 
admirable conduct ma-Ie him their enemy? May they not say. we have not changed, but you have 
changed. The right honorable gentleman cannot bear to hear of Volunteers, but I will ask him. 
and I will have a 'a starling taught to hollow in his ear.' Who gave you free trade ? Who 
made you a nation ? The Volunteers." 





Medal ok the Irish Volunteers. 

The threat conveyed in the legend upon this medal is similar to that used by a 
Dublin regiment who labelled their gun " Free trade or this." This medal adds 
another unique illustration to one of the most interesting and momentous periods ot 
Irish history. Its similarity in shape to the medal of the Limerick Volunteers is 
suggestive, and might possibly point to its original ownership by some member of the 
Volunteers of that city or neighbourhood. On the other hand the character of its art 
work has more the appearance of having been made in either Belfast, Cork or Dublin ; 
and the ring of its motto, as if it came from the former city where the Volunteer pulse 
beat quicker than perhaps in any other part of the country. Who " T. S." was is so far a 
riddle which must remain to be solved. It is disappointing that the name in full is not 
on the medal or that of the troop or corps to which it belonged, but otherwise it 
reminds us of reforms that were required, demanded, and refused, and of the Irish 
Volunteers, who, having taken up arms to defend their country against foreign invasion, 
never fulfilled the threat conveyed in the inscription or turned their guns upon the 
representatives of the Crown, although their just demands were defeated and rejected, 


and their memories insulted by unscrupulous placemen, when their power was broken, 
and at an end. 

African Fetishes. 
The Rev. J. W. Hopkins sent for exhibition two pairs of brass figures, eleven inches 
in length, linked at the head by a chain of ten inches. One pair represented the male 
the other the female. They are very rude in workmanship. Those representing the 
gentler sex have very hideous faces within a lozenge ; the body is simply a central 
stem with live spirals at each side, passing through a second lozenge which, like its 
fellow, forms a triangle at each side of the stem. The male figures are, if possible, 
more ugly. Their head dress is a tiara ; two lovelocks grace the forehead : the jaws 
are eminently prognathous, and something like a buckle with a central tongue hangs 
from the chin. Unlike their companions, the male figures are represented with arms 
akimbo in a kneeling position, with the legs attenuated and tucked under the thighs. 
They thus sit upon a central stem corresponding with the others but more pointed. 
These figures are used by the priests on the west coast of Africa as fetishes to terrify 
the wretched natives and extort gifts. When a Fanti gets up in the morning and sees 
a pair of these stuck into the ground before his hall door he will give up all his 
property to the priest for their removal. These were taken at the capture of Jebu Ode, 
in the colony of Lagos, West Coast of Africa, by Housas under the command of 
Captain Tucker, in iSi)2, and were brought home by F. G. Hopkins, esq., M.B., assistant 
colonial surgeon. 

Rev. I. A. Dwycr, O.P., having been moved to the second chair, 

Mr J. P. Dalton proposed a cordial vote of thanks to the President for the manner 
in which he had filled the chair, and for his valuable exertions and service on behalf of 
the Society. 

Mr. FRANCIS O'ShaugiimlSSY, i.e., seconded the motion, which was passed with 

Mr. Day having suitably replied, the proceedings terminated. 

jNfotes and Queries. 


Contributed by Robert Day. F.S.A.: " Eikon Basiuke" John Terry, Linnen 1 
Po 1 
/'. IT. B: Old Dan. 
/. /•'. Lynch: Dai re Donn. 

" Eikon Basilike." — I have lately acquired what so far proves to be a unique copy 
of the Eikon Basilike, being " The Pourtraiclure of his Sacred Majesty in his Soliivdes 
and Sufferings. Corck: Printed by Peterde Pienne, in the year ol our Lord God 1649." 
Wheniast in London I showed it to Dr. Garland and Mr. Scott, of the British Museum; 
also to Mr. Edward Almack, who has in the Press "A Bibliography of the King 's Book 
or Eikon Basilike," in which this copy will appear, and be described by him with a 
facsimile of its title page. It is the earliest printed Cork book that I have met with, 
and is copied from the London edition of 1048. In this the frontespiece is a line 
engraving ; in mine an impression from a wood block. The book is believed to have 


been written by King Charles I. before his execution, immediately after which it was 
printed in London. Although rigidly suppressed by the Parliament, whose forces 
broke into the printing house, destroyed the book and scattered the type — but as always 
happens with persecution and intolerance, the persecuted increase in strength and 
numbers, so it was with the Eikon. Cork was then and for a while in the hands of 
the Royalists, and there de Pienne printed his little book in safety and quiet, and its 
scarcity may possibly be accounted for by the inroad of Cromwell's (0 soldiers, to whom 
it was as "the accursed thing." If any member of our Society can throw any light 
upon this early printer I will feel extremely obliged. 

"John Terry, Linnen Draper.— At the Sign of the SPINNING WHEEL, at 
the End of Cockpit-Lane, CORKE, is lately come from DUBLIN, and has supplyed 
himself with great Choice of the undernamed Goods, which he is determined to sell at 
the lowest Profit for the Encouragement of ready money. 

Irish Hollands. Widow's Aprons, Silk and Crape. 

Middl'ng and low priced Linnens. Double and single Modes. 

Diapers of all Breadths. Black Laces. 

Figured, striped, and plain Fustians. Silver and plain Ribbands. 

Cambrickand Lawns, both thick and thin. Ivory and Cocoa Fanns. 
Strip'd and plain Muslins. Ivory and Box Combs. 

Pencil'd and stamp'd Cottons. Shoe Braids, Gullooms and Ferrits. 

Stamp'd Linnens. Tabbies of Sundry colours. 

Cherry Derry's and Chequer Linnens. Calicoes. 

Bed and Pillow Tickens. Silk, Cambrick, Muslin, Cotton and Linnen 

Shoe and breeched ditto. Handkerchiefs. 

Thread and Worsted Stockings of all Sorts. Grazed Linnens. 

Sewing and spun Silks of all Colours. Congoe, Imperial, plain Bohea and Green 

Dutch Tapes and threads. Teas. 

English Sea Suckers for Ladies Gowns. Dutch Whale Bone. 

Choice of black Velvets. And All sorts of Trimmings for Stay 

Black Paduasoy. Makers. 


The above advertisement is headed with a very primitive wood-block spinning wheel 
It has written in the upper angle, " A Rec'- from Jno. Terry for £4 . 7 . 1 1, p 1 - ol the 
Funeral Expenses of M«. Marg 1 - Barry," and written upon the back are the items that 
make up that amount : — 

"1744. The Execute- of M>> 

Jany. 17th, 

To 7 yds. Linnen, (a 4/- 

To 393 yds. Cyppress, (a 1/1 

To 26^ yds, Ribband, @ 3 d - 

To 7 pr. of black Kid Gloves, @ 1/6 

Reed- the contents by the hands of W m - Hassett, Esq 1 - in full to this 

29th March, 1745. John Terry." 

The original is in the possession of his honour the Recorder of Cork. 
(0 Cromwell landed in Dublin August 14th, 1649. 

Marg 1 - Barry, 

To John Terry, Dr. 

• • £1.8. 



.. — 6. 


— 10 

, 6 



" Posies." — During a recent visit to Kinsale a lady showed me a gold posey ring 

that was ploughed up at the Old Fort. It had in early seventeenth century inscription : 

" In everi grefe loue yealdes relefe." 

Robert Day. 

Old Dan. — The veteran huntsman Daniel Callaghan, known as " Old Dan,'' was 
born in 1763 at Ballyclough, near Mallow, He went into service at the age ol" fourteen, 
and was kennel boy to Lord Lisle for two years, and whip for four years. He was 
then appointed huntsman to Lord Lisle's nephew, Mr. Lysaght, whose hounds he 
hunted for seven years, and then carried the horn for eight years for Mr. Hugh 
Norcott, who kept hounds at his residence, Ballybeg, near Cahirmee. His next 

< )i d Dan. 

master was Mr. Hedges Eyre, of Macroom Castle, whose hounds he hunted for nine 
seasons, before he entered the service ol Mr. Power, of Clonmult, whose pack he 
hunted for thirty-seven seasons. He filled a similar post for four years to Mr. Boles, 
of Springfield, and for fifteen years lie lived with his last master, Mr. Thomas K 
of Shanagarry. He acted as huntsman to Mr. Keane for some years, and up to the 
age of 100 rode and trained horses for him, after which he went to reside near Clon- 
mult, where he died in 1874, aged m years. In 1S6S her Majesty the Queen was 
graciously pleased to accept his photograph, and sent him a gratuity of ^5. Poor 
Dan! he was a first-rate horseman and won several steeplechases. There was no 



better man to hounds, but a very jealous rider. He used to walk from where he lived 
to Springfield (over six miles distant and back) in the day, up to within three or four 
years of his death. — Vide Irish Sports and Sportsmen, by Fitzpatrick. 

V. W. B. 

Daire Donn.— This legend of the monarch of the world has not escaped the 
attention of our Gaelic kindred in Scotland. They have changed Daire Donn into 
Alexander, and the only country which he could not subdue was of course "dear old 
Scotland." Sir Walter Scott, in his Appendix to Marmion, quotes the following old 
traditional rhyme which he heard in his boyhood : — 

" Alexander, king of Macedon, 

W'lio conquered all the world hut Scotland alone : 
When he came to Scotland his courage grew cold, 
To see a little nation courageous and bold." 

Sir Walter, who was an antiquary as well as poet, in his Appendix to the Lord of the 
Isles, referring to a huge upright pillar near Dunolly castle, Oban, states, "it is called 
Clach na Cau, or the ' dog's pillar,' because Fingal is said to have used it as a stake 
to which he bound his celebrated dog Bran.'' The mountain ash (Pyrus auatparid) — 
Hebrew, orcn (Isaiah xliv. 14); Irish, caerthainn — witchen, wiggan, quicken, or rowan 
tree, was a sacred tree. Homer says that the amazons formed t'heir spears from this 
tree, and it was also planted before houses in the highlands of Scotland to avert the 
" evil eye." Sowerby, in his Botany, says, " In ancient days the mountain ash was 
invested with peculiar charms, and we find many of them growing in the neighbour- 
hood of druidical remains." Regard for this tree has extended to our own time. The 
sweet lines of the Baroness Nairne will be familiar — 

•• ( ) rowan tree ' O rowan tree ! thou'lt aye be dear to me, 
Entwined thou art with many ties ofhame and infancy ; 
Thy leaves were aye the first of spring, thy flowers the summer's pride j 
There was not such a bonnie tree in all the country side. 

O rowan tree ! 

J. F. Lynch. 

Original pocurrients. 

3nDci; Gestamcntcium dim in IRaiistro Covcaciix. 

Supplementary Index to Wills, 1802 to 1S3; 

(Sec Note p. 479, No. 10, Vol. 

No. Name. 

559 Beamish, Francis 

560 Barry, John, of St. John's, county Cork 

561 Barter, Richard, of Cooldaniel 

562 Bennett, James N., of the city of Corke 

563 Bagley, Richard, of Clonakilty 

564 Burke, Bridget, of Bandon 

565 Barry, John, of Passage, shipwright .. 

Second Series). 

Fifth Book 







No. Name. 

566 Beek, Francis, of Bandon, tobacconist 

567 Buckley, James, of Ballinard 

568 Bastable, Charles, of Cork, gent. 

569 Beamish, Francis, of Carrigree, gent. . . 

570 Behan, Timothy, of Cork . . 

571 Barrett, Thomas, of Blarney Lane 

572 Bird, John, sen., of Bantry . . 

573 Bulkley, John, of Cork, schoolmaster 

574 Bohan, Julian, als. Keeffe 

575 Barter, Joseph, of Myrtle Hill 

576 Blake, Catherine, of Blarney Lane, widow 

577 Ball, James, of Cork, porter brewer . . 

578 Bullen, Walter, of Cork, clothier 

579 Barry, Ellen, of Mehane, widow 

580 Barry, John, of Blackpool, garter weaver 

581 Burke, Bridget, of Bandon, widowe . . 

582 Baldwin, John, of Aghadown, esq. 

583 Bryan, Thomas, of Fryar's Walk 

584 Bitchiner, Francis, of Clonakilty, yeoman 

585 Bannan, Patrick, of Cork, smith 

586 Bastable, John Hutchins, of Cork 

587 Barrett, William, of Cork, gent. 

588 Barrett, Stephen, of Spike Island 

589 Barry, James 

590 Burne, Mary, of Cork, widow 

591 Blakeney, Robert, of Bridge Town . . 

592 Barry, Elizabeth, of Bandon, widow 

593 Beamish, Rev. John, of Berehaven, elk. 

594 Barry, Edmond, of Clogheen, mason 

595 Burke, Robert, of Cork, merchant 

596 Barry, Richard, of Warren's Lane, tanner 

597 Busteed, Thomas, of Ballinrea 

598 Baldwin, Abrm. Morris, lieut. 

599 Bull, John, of Bandon, clothier 

600 Byrne, Michael, of Cork, pawnbroker 

601 Bridges, Robert, of city of Cork 

602 Baldwin, Thomas, of Mardyke, esq. . . 

603 Breton, Elizabeth, of Cork, spinster . . 

604 Bourke, Daniel, of Drimoleague 

605 Bentley, William, of Cork, gent. 

606 Butterfield, Elizabeth, of Cork, widow 

No. Name. 

607 Bernard, John, of Cork, gent. 

608 Bain, James, sergt. 79th Regt. 

609 Begley, John, of Cork, linen draper .. 

610 Baker, Jonas, of Innishannon, co. Cork 

611 Bennett, George, of Bandon, shopkeeper 

612 Busteed, Thomas, of Cork, smith 

Fifth Book 

. 625 

• 303 


• 370 

• 374 


• 378 

■ 3*8 

• 392 

■ 395 


. 516 

. 585 

• 539 

• 593 


• 645 

• 647 

. 652 

. 666 

. 676 


• 693 

• 703 


• 743 

• 74^ 

• 781 


Si 2 


• 835 

• 837 

. 842 


■ 857 

. 858 

. S71 

. 88<> 


. 825 

Sixth Book 









No. Name. 

613 Bull, William, of Bandon, weaver 

614 Bayley, Judith, of Clonakilty, spinster 

615 Blackburn, Henry, of York Hospital, gent. 

616 Baily, Henry, of Cork, distiller 

617 Bennett, Mary, of Bandon, widow 

618 Bagley, Elizabeth, of Clonakilty, spinster 

619 Bussy, Mary, of Cork 

620 Barry, William, of Cork, capt. 105th Regt. 

621 Browne, Elizabeth, of Bandon, widow 

622 Bacon, John Thomas, of Rathpeacon, gent. 

623 Ballard, John, of Hamstead, gent. 

624 Buckmaster, Elizabeth, of Ballintemple 

625 Baldwin, Henry, of Castle Townsend 

626 Bernard, Ann, of Bandon, spinster . . 

627 Baldwin, John 

628 Byrne, John, of Elm View, gent. 

629 Baylie, Susanna, of Cork, widow 

630 Barrett, Edmond, of Cork, spirit mercht. 

631 Busteed, William, of Dundanion, gent. 

632 Ballard Ann, widow 

633 Blanch, Christian 

634 Broderick, Elizabeth 

635 Beek, John, of Bandon, shopkeeper . . 

636 Blair, Honora, of Bantry 

637 Belcher, William, of Bandon, apothecary 

638 Bullen, Catherine, of Cork, widow 

639 Black, Elizabeth, of Cork, widow 

640 Buller, Thomas, of Kinsale, esq. 

641 Bentley, Mary, of Cork, spinster 

642 Beamish, Mary, of Hare Hills 

643 Barry, David, of Cork 

644 Beamish, Pricilla, of Cork, widow 

645 Bury, Charles, of City of Cork 

646 Barron, James, of Ballinadee 

647 Barry, John, of Cork, builder 

648 Bleach, Ann, of Cork, spinster 

649 Bennett, Andrew, of Skull 

650 Brown, Patk. Ronayne, esq. 

651 Breton, George, of Cork, gent. 

652 Beecher, Richard, of Holybrook, esq. 

653 Beecher, John, of Holybrook, esq. 

654 Baldwin, Hannah, of Bandon 

655 Bennett, Mary, of Cork 

656 Beecher, Michael, of Hollybrook, esq. 

657 Bagley, Will. Morris, of Clonakilty, esq. 

658 Barry, John Milner, m.d., Cork 

659 Bernard, Charlotte, of Cork, widow . . 

660 Birch, John, of Knockbrogan 

661 Barry, Michael, of Carrigtwohill 

Sixth Book 






3 r 3 








No. Name. 

662 Barter, Sarah, of city of Cork 

663 Bennett, Michael, of Brookfield, co. Cor! 

664 Barry, Mary, of Cork, widow 

665 Barry, Francis Millner 

Sixth Book 


■ 725 

• 753 

• 777 




1 1 







X 1MB. 

Creagh, John, of Corke 
Carty, Finnyne McDonnell 
Collman, David fz. Richard, of Cork . . 
Cooke, Robert, of Bandon 
Cory, Culbert 
Conway, Richard 
Carty, Daniel Phelemy 
Carthy, Ellyne 

Cleere, Joseph, of parish of Ballymoddan 
Clayton, William, of Cloghnakilty 
Coppinger, Adam fitzRobert, of Corke 
6 Coghlan, Donell, of Crookehaven . . 
Clothier, Michael 
Cole, William, of Ross 
Cart)', Dermon McFinine McConohor 
[Not legible], Roche (qy.) John 
Clawnders, Robert 
Mc Carthy, Finine McDonogh 
Carty, Owen McCormuck 
Colgon, Robert, of Carigoline 
Carty, Rhylimy McTeige 
Cleary, John, of Corke 
Cullane, Thadey 

Carty, Donnogh McDermod, of Hacketstown 
Conrte, John, of Old Castletown 
Collmanne, John, of Corke 
Crooke, Sr. Samuel, of Bultannery . . 
Coppinger, James fitzWalter, of Corke 
Corsley, John 

Cronyne, Margery, als. White 
Coppinger, Joane, of Youghall 
Couche, John, of Downdei row- 
Clayton, Randal, of St. Dominick's Abby 
Collman, William, of Kinsale 
Cleere, John, of Corke 
Coppinger, John, of Corke 
Collins, John, of Bandon 
Cuffe, Henry, of Carrigoline 
Couleshey, George, of Carrigoline 
Carty, Cormnck Oge McPhilim 
Clavellshey, Richard 
Carthy, Charles McTeige, of Ballea . . 
Crowley, Donogh, als. Tolan 




























Collman, John, of Corke 
Coppinger, John, knt. 
Clapp, Peter, St. Mary Shandon 
Condon, John 

Coppinger, Dominick, of Corke 
Cozens, Richard, of Kinsale 
Crispe, William, mariner 
Crofts, William 
Carty, Darby fitzjohn 
Creagh, Patrick, of Kilroan . 
Croaker, Hugh, of Ballyanker 
Cox, Robert, of Youghall 
Cox, Capt. Richd. 
Calvert, Charles, of Corke . 
Courcy, Edmund, of Kinsale 
Colby, Lieut. John 
Cloystom, Thomas, of Kinnikilly 
Connell, Catherine, of Drumdovvne 
Cuffe, Maurice, mercht. 
Courtney, William, of Newcastle 
Carley, William, of St. Christophers 
Cozens, Margery, of Shandon parish 
Chudleigh, John, of Kinsale 
Cosens, Richard, of Kinsale 
Cotter, Edmund, of Ballinsperry 
Cordugan, Lieut. Jenkin, of Kinsale 
Carty, Cormack McDaniel . . 
Caldwell, Charles 
Caudy, James, of Buttevant 
Canty, Cnoghor, of Kilruscary 
Carthy, Donogh Reagh 
Cox, Jasper, of Youghall 
Courcy, Patrick Lord, baron of Kinsah 
Clarke, Corpl. Thomas 
Conohane, Teige, of Corke 
Comes, Charles, of Desertserges 
Canty, Dennis 
Conupis, John, of Kilvokry 
Coppinger, Joanna, widow 
Creagh, William, of Ballyheaxon 
Coppinger, James 
Cappoucke, Christopher, of Corke 
Courcy, John Lord, baron of Kinsale 
Champion, William, of Corke 
Child, Robert, of Bandon 
Cross, Edward, of Bandon . . 
Coppinger, Dame Cathe. 
Carthy, Charles McOwen . . 

(To be continued.) 



.6 5 I 


Second Series. — Vol. II., No. iS.] 

[June, 1896. 

C 3 ^- 

4 l/l * • 



Cork Historical & Archaeological 


jMuskerry Yeomanry, Co. Cork, ar^d Iheir Cin\es. 

Part II. 1823-1827, and 1843-4. 
Chiefly from the Orderly Book preserved in the Warrens Court Family. 

By HERBERT WEBB GILLMAN, B.L., Vice-President. 

[Preface. — This part of the history of the corps is derived partly from tradition 
and narrations of several country gentlemen, but principally from the "Orderly Book 
of the Muskerry Association," kindly lent to this Society, through the writer, by Sir 
Augustus Riversdale Warren, bait., of Warrens Court, whose grandfather commanded 
the corps when first raised in 1796 and onwards till disbandment, and whose uncle 
commanded it when rc-embodied in 1822, and also those who associated themselves 
in 1843-4, and offered their services to Government. Sir Augustus himself was the 
medium of a similar offer in the Fenian period of 1866-7. — H. W. G.] 

N the year 1822, and before it, the question of Catholic 
emancipation, already a large one in England, had 
become in Ireland the watchword of parties, and, like 
every other political question in this country, had 
assumed a national form, and was leading to a division 
of races. Both the Protestant Orange lodges and 
the Roman Catholic associations of White Boys had 
again sprung into existence. In this crisis Lord Wellesley, a favourer 
of the Catholic claims, was made Lord Lieutenant, but the hopes raised 
by his appointment were disappointed. In the midst of wild excitement 
of both parties he attempted to carry out an impartial policy, and failed. 


By the Insurrection x^ct and the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act 
he was enabled to establish something like martial law, and thereby 
checked the secret societies and lessened crime, and thus earned the 
dislike of extreme Catholics ; while, at the same time, by the restraint 
he put on Orange societies and demonstrations he roused extreme 
Protestants to fury. Thus Ireland was once more torn by a war of 
parties of differing religions. 

It was under these circumstances that the Muskerry Yeomanry 
(cavalry) were again embodied. The Orderly Book of the corps affords 
details as to the regulations and personnel of this body of men, the gentry 
of East and West Muskerry. Tradition tells that they obtained their 
uniforms and arms — sword, carbine and pistol — from a regiment of 
Carbineers then in Cork. A picture of the arms is shown opposite. 

Of the uniform no trace has been preserved in the baronies so far as 
has been ascertained. 

The Orderly Book is headed " Orderly Book of the Muskerry 
Association," and contains written pages 33 to 61, the pages 1 to 32 
being absent, the book having been apparently previously used for some 
other purpose. Reversing the book, pages 116 to 121 are written on ; 
pages 62 to 115 are blank. The pages measure 15 x 9)4 inches. On 
the inside of the cover is written, partly in the handwriting of Sergeant 
William Busteed, and partly in that of another, the " names of the Mus- 
kerry Cavalry," which include several of those of the members serving in 
the corps before its being previously disbanded, and many who joined 
afterwards. The captain is here entered as Sir Augustus Warren, bart, 
— he had succeeded to the baronetcy ; the 1st lieutenant is still Samuel 
Swete. Many names are elided and the word ' dead' written after them, 
but from internal evidence this list appears to have been written at 
various dates ; for example, a member, Henry Lindsay, is noted as "gone 
into the army," but he is known to have fought in the Peninsular war, 
and to have been wounded at Salamanca in 181 2, after which he had to 
leave the army ; and, again, two sons of one who was in the corps in 
1799 and was dead in 1822, are noted as " retired," though they were not 
themselves enrolled till 1822. This list, therefore, is not of any fixed 
period, and is rendered useless by fuller lists shown in the book. Then 
follow the 

Orders and Regulations to be observed by the Muskerry Association 
in Lcemount Barracks. 

Ordered — That a Guard of two men be put on duty at ten o'clock every morning, 
and not be relieved until ten next morning. 

That they always appear in full uniform. That they do not, on any pretence 
whatever, go to bed or quit their Guard, and that during the day one of the Guard be 
placed as Centinel outside the Hall door. 



That all Arms be excluded from the Mess Room, except four carabines for the use 
of the Guard. 

That no man leave the Barrack either in the day time or night without Permission 
of the Commanding Officer, and any Member so absenting himself shall be fined 

That all fines be paid to the Secretary, to be applied by him to the use of the 
Mess Fund. 

That the Guard for night duty get their supper, one Pint of Beer and two Glasses 
spirits to make Punch, each man, and that Corporal Gollock(')is ordered not on any 
account to exceed the above allowance. 

That each man when put on Guard receives ten Rounds of Ball Cartridge, and that 
he is held accountable for the same to the corporal when relieved from duty. 

Arms used by 1111. Muskerry Cavalry in 1822. 

{From originals in the possession of Sir Aug. R. Warren, hart., and Capt. /•'. //". Woodley) 

Sworh Bi \i'i- 35in. long, tapering from 1 '? to i' 4 inches. 
Carbine — Flintlock, swivel ramrod, 12 bore, barrel 15^ inch. 
Pistol --Flint lock, swivel ramrod, 12 bore, barrel S ; 4 inch. 

The following Mode of Challenging Patrols by Night was received from Captain 
McNamara, of the Rifle Brigade stationed at Firmount, 60 by Lieutenant Coppinger, 
Monday, nth February, 1822:— 

1st Question — Halt, who comes there ? 

2nd Answer— Patrol or Picquet. 

3rd — Advance one and account for yourself. If the whole persist in advancing, the 
Sentry or advance file crys out — Halt the remainder or I will Ere. 

(0 Notwithstanding the ambiguity of this order, it appears not to imply an estoppel 
on the corporal personally. 

(2) Firmount, near Macroom, one of the points held by Military at this time. 


The corps at the same time made rules for the members' mess, and 
it may be seen that they provided pretty well for internal as well as 
external warmth : — 

Rules and Regulations to be observed by the Mess of the Muskerry Association. 

First — That each member coming into Barrack deposits one Guinea with the 
Secretary, and sends into Barrack one Gallon of Whiskey, two cribs of Turf or one 
barrel of Coal. 

Secondly — That any member inviting a stranger to dine at the Mess pays to the 
Secretary the sum of two shillings and sixpence, and that no member be permitted to 
invite more than two strangers in one day without giving a day's previous notice to 
the Secretary under a Penalty of five shillings, to be paid as above for each stranger. 

Thirdly — Any member breaking any article belonging to the Mess shall pay into the 
hands of the Secretary double the value thereof. 

Fourthly — That every member of the Corps not in Barrack and coming in to take his 
turn of duty pays into the hands of the Secretary the sum of three shillings and four 
pence for his dinner and breakfast. 

Fifthly— That the President and Vice-President of the day shall be the two members 
next for Guard on the following day. 

Sixtly — All Bets made in the Mess Room— the sum to be placed in the hands of 
the Secretary and to be applied by him for the Benefit of the Mess in whatever way the 
majority of the members then present shall think proper. 

The country at this time cannot have been a pleasant place for an 
unprotected female to reside in. As a rule ladies and children left their 
abodes and took refuge in defensible houses, or in Cork or Mac room ; 
smaller houses were abandoned to the care of servants,- who generally 
fulfilled the trust as well as they could ; in the larger houses gentlemen 
joined together, and made them defensible by building up the windows, 
etc., and were in some cases assisted by small parties of soldiers. At 
Warren's Court there was stationed a company of the Rifle Brigade 
under a Captain Cochrane ; and at Dripsey Castle (Carrignamuck) were 
two companies of soldiers under a Captain Gascoigne ; the soldiers lived 
in the old castle, the officers in the adjoining residence. Ryemount had 
its windows bricked up and loopholed, and was held by John Borlace 
Warren (afterwards baronet), Rev. Somers Payne (father of the clergy- 
man of the same name, still living, and then in the garrison), and Massey 
Warren and two soldiers ; the Dowager Lady Warren and her daughter, 
and Rev. S. Payne's wife and children remained in the house ; they sat 
down to meals with their carbines loaded and within hand reach. This 
residence was not attacked, though the horns of the White Boys were 
often heard around them. Rye Court was defended by the inmates 
aided by a corporal and four soldiers. The gentry of the country were 
nearly all in the cavalry corps, taking their turns of duty as required. 
When news would come of a party of White Boys being "out" at any 
spot, the cavalry would ride out and disperse them, which was generally 


effected by their mere presence ; and a story is told that on an excursion 
of this kind through Aghabullogue parish, the corps actually passed by 
the White Boys who hid behind the fence of the road. In other respects, 
from what is still told in the country, the work done by the corps seems 
to have been much of the same kind as described in the previous part 
of this paper, except that at one place they took part in a small battle 
with a body of insurgents. This took place in 1822, soon after the 
embodiment of the corps was completed. The scene of action was 
Carriganimy, in the parish of Clondrohid— a hilly district still retaining 
many remarkable cromlechs, pillar-stones, cahirs and other ancient 
remains. The hills there are said — in the usual country phrase — to have 
been " black with people," armed with scythes, pikes, and many muskets. 
This body was attacked by several companies of the Rifle Brigade, 
supported by the Musketry Cavalry. The insurgents stood their ground 
well, the musketeers pouring in their fireon their assailants. The Rifles 
on receiving this fire lay down as skirmishers, and the insurgents believ- 
ing these to have been slain, rushed on them, but were met by a fire 
from the riflemen which quite demoralised them, and they broke and 
fled. They were pursued by the cavalry, and many prisoners were taken, 
of whom nine were afterwards hanged. Greenville House, the residence 
of the Swete family was attacked ; it was defended by several of the 
Muskerry gentlemen, who had placed their families there for security 
and took their turn of duty as garrison of the place ; the assailants were 
beaten off with loss, to which, tradition says, the good shooting of a 
member of the corps, Abraham Good, made a large contribution. The 
attack lasted for some hours ; and when the leaden bullets of the de- 
fenders were exhausted, the silver spoons and forks were melted down 
and bullets cast therefrom. It is said that, notwithstanding the rigour 
of the times, the families in leaguer at Greenville managed to enjoy 
themselves very pleasantly there. 

The first part of the month of February, 1822, was spent in getting 
together the surviving members of the old corps, several of whom received 
carbines and twenty rounds of ball cartridge from Sir Augustus Warren 
directly. The enrolling of members then proceeded cautiously, thus : — 

At a meeting of the Muskerry Cavalry Corps, held at LeemountO) Barracks, on 
Monday, 25th February, 1822 : — 

John Pyne, esq., proposed J. Tonson Rye, esq., to be Cornet in this Corps. He 
was elected unanimously. 

It was Resolved that in future any Gentleman who wishes to become a member of 
this Corps, must undergo a Ballot. He must be proposed by one member of the Corps 
and seconded by another, and that three clear days shall elapse between the days of 

1 1) Half mile south of Coachford village, residence of the Gollock family 



proposing and ballotting, and one black bean in seven excludes, 
a ballot to consist of seventeen members. 

The following new members were balloted for and 
this date and the 6th March, namely : — 

New Members. 
Daniel Connor, of Manch, 
Robert White, of Macroom Castle, 
John Williams, sen., 
John Williams, jun., and 
Peter Williams, 
St. George Browne and 
Son John, of Rockboro, 
John Barter, of Cooldaniel, 
Herbert and Webb Gillman, 

of Lakefield (sons of 

deceased member), 
Nich. Kirby, of Carhue, 
Ambrose Hickey, of Monagh, 
And at a later date — 

Rich. Ashe, of Ashegrove, 
Henry Ashe, of Macroom, 

Sir Aug. Warren, Capt. 

[Not stated]. 

Tho. Lindsay, 
Wm. Busteed, 


Charles Colthurst, 
Benj. Swete, 

Tho. Lindsay, 
Sergeant R. Ashe, 

The number to form 
admitted between 

Sergt- Busteed. 
John Pyne. 

Rich. B. Crooke. 
Lewis Gollock. 


J, R. Coppinger. 
B. Drew. 

John Warren. 
Edw. Ashe. 

Then follows a list of the members (who generally sign the book) 
" of the Muskerry Association," who acknowledge to have received from 
Captain Sir Augustus Warren the following articles : — viz., One short 
carbine with swivel ramrod, one pistol with carbine bore, twenty rounds 
of ball cartridge, four flints, one straight sword and scabbard, one sword 
belt for waist, one black cavalry pouch, one shoulder belt with swivel, 
" and for which we promise to be accountable to him," 22nd March, 
1822. — Leemount Barracks. 

The recipients were : — 
Edw. Ashe 
St. George Browne (note, given back) 

Phillip Cross 

Thos. Gollock 

John Bowen 

J. Rye Coppinger 

Wm. B. Crooke 

H. J. Lindsay 

J. E. Galwey 

R. B. Crooke 

Nich. Kirby 

J. G. Woodley 

Somers Payne 

B. Swete 

John Williams, jun. 

H. Cross 

Lewis Gollock 

Browning Drew 
R. N. Nettles 
Wm. Busteed 
John Tonson Rye 
Thos. Lindsay 
R. H. White 
H. H. Good 
Thos. E. Crooke 
John W. Carey 
John B. Warren 
John Williams, sen. 
John Williams, jun. 
Peter Williams 
Robt. Hedges 
Charles Colthurst 
Herbert Gillman 
Webb Gillman 


George Rye (a carbine) Abraham Good 

Somers Payne (a second pistol) Thos. Gollock 

Thos. Coppinger Edw. Hayes Good 

John Barter John M. Brooke 

Richd. Ashe Thos. A. Browne 

Henry Ashe M. H. Warren 

Richard Ashe W. Furlong 

John Pyne Thom. S. Good 

Twenty-seven members received helmets on 2nd April, 1822, for 
which each paid the sum of £1 6s. 66., and sixteen received " buckets " 
for supporting the carbine on horseback. The others were already 
provided. Among these are found the following additional names of 
members of the corps : — viz., Robt. Hedges Eyre, Henry Good, and 
Saml. Swetc. A roll of the members' attendance at parade from April, 
1822, to May, 1823, which follows the above lists, furnishes some names 
of gentlemen not there recorded, these are Thos. Gollock, of Elmglen ; 
Francis Woodley, Thos. Radley, Daniel Connor, James Gollock, and 
John Orpen, besides the captain and cornet. The corps, therefore, in 
1822, consisted of sixty-one (,) gentlemen of Muskerry, of whom Sir 
Augustus Warren, bart., was captain ; Samuel Swete, 1st lieutenant ; 
John Rye, cornet ; Wm. Busteed and l^ichard Ashe, sergeants, and 
Lewis Gollock and John Warren, corporals. 

The parade roll shows that there were some members who did not 
attend regularly, which fact led to the passing of the following rule in 

Ordered that Wednesday be appointed for the weekly Parade day of the Corps, and 
that the Members appear in full marching order, and that any person appearing on 
Parade otherwise be considered as absent. 

Ordered that a fine for absence from Parade be imposed, and be in the following 
proportions : — On every Officer so absent a fine of ten shillings ; on every Non-Com- 
missioned Officer, a crown ; on every Private, a fine of two ten-pennies. All fines to 
be placed to the credit of the Corps. 

Towards the close of the year the corps was inspected. 

On Sunday, the 21st of October, the Corps were Inspected by Major-General Sir 
John Lombert.C^on Crookstown Lawn, and, after a most minute Inspection and making 
them go through several evolutions, the General was pleased to express his satisfaction 
at the equipment, appearance, and Discipline of the Corps. 

There is nothing further beyond the parade roll recorded in the 
Orderly Book in 1822. In the next year the absences from parade and 
appearances there out of uniform continued to give trouble. To check 
this an order was made, 4th July, 1823, that a letter be written to such 

(4) See infra for additional members who joined in 1 

(5) So in the book, but the General's name was Lambert. 


members as habitually absent themselves from parade, and intimating 
that " absence from four successive monthly parades would be considered 
by the corps as a forfeiture of their rights as members of the corps, and 
that in such event they must subject themselves to a new ballot." And 
it was directed that the resolutions in the order book be read to the 
corps at the next monthly parade. On the motion of John Warren, 
seconded by Thomas Lindsay, it was further ordered that appearance at 
parade out of uniform should be visited with an additional fine of one 
shilling and eightpence, i.e. four tenpennies instead of two. These rules, 
however, appear to have displeased the corps or to have become unne- 
cessary, for they were unanimously rescinded on 1st October in the 
same year. 

The following new members joined in 1823 : — 

Member. Proposer. Seconder. 

William Woodley, Wm. Busteed, Richard Crooke. 

Patrick Browne, Mr. Payne, Mr. Lindsay. 

John & Philip Ruby, Mr. Lindsay, Mr. Pyne. 

thus increasing the strength of the corps to sixty-five. 

On 25th November it was resolved " that the monthly attendance at 
parade be dispensed with till spring." Doubtless the corps were too 
busy otherwise in the winter, and it is evident, from the next resolution 
appearing in the book, that weighty matters connected with the peace of 
the district were discussed at the meetings, but no record of such in the 
Orderly Book was made : — 

Dec 1 "- 7th [1823], at a meeting of the Corps at Carrigadrohid, the following resolution 
was unanimously ordered to be entered on the Corps Book : — 

Resolved that it has come to our knowledge that certain proceedings of the Corps 
at a meeting held at Carrigadrohid, on 1st October last, were divulged to one who, 
according to regulations and the pledge of secrecy to which we are Bound, should not 
have been made acquainted with them ; and it being our opinion that such could not 
have transpired but through one of our members, we feel ourselves called upon to 
express our high disapprobation of conduct so disgraceful to us as a Corps ; and parti- 
cularly so to the individual who caused it, and whose name, were we acquainted with 
it, should be expunged from the Muskerry Cavalry. 

In 1823 the parades were monthly, the captain, lieutenant and cornet 
the same as in 1822 ; the non-commissioned officers were " Sergeant- 
Major Busteed, Sergeant Ashe, and Sergeant Gollock." No corporals 

From the date last mentioned till 1827 there is no entry of any kind 
in the Orderly Book, the members were probably too hard at work prac- 
tically. The first and only meeting recorded in 1827, as below quoted, 
is also the last in the Orderly Book relating to this period. It was called 
to elect some new members, to deal with some (now forgotten) disputes 


between some members, and to address a letter to another member who 
was in trouble about a duel in which he was engaged. The entry is as 
follows : — 

At a meeting of the Corps held at Carrigadrohid, on 12th March, 1827, for the pur- 
pose of inquiring into certain charges, etc., and for any other Corps business that may 
occur, the following Resolutions were entered into : — 

Resolved— That all meetings independent of the Duty of the Corps are to be called 
by Requisition signed by at least six of the members and sent to the Commanding 
Officer for that purpose. 

The following members ( 6 ) were proposed : — 

Mi mber. Proi :der. 

Robert Nettles, Sergeant Gollock, John Warren. 

Rev. John Mongan, R d - Ashe of Ashegrove, Thos- Crooke. 

Joseph Barter, Richard Ashe, John Barter. 

John Good, Philip Cross, Henry Good. 

John Warren, John B. Warren, R d - Ashe, Sergeant. 

Rev. Samuel Fairtclough, Richd. Crooke, John Pyne. 

It was resolved that the following address be presented to Mr. Daniel Connor, one 
of the members of the Muskerry Cavalry : — 
" Sir, 

We the undersigned Members of the Muskerry Cavalry, having seen in the 
papers that you are about to take your trial at the Waterford Assizes for the alledged 
homicide of Joseph Daunt, esq., cannot refrain from giving our unsolicited testimony 
as to your peaceable disposition as well as to your character as a Gentleman and a 
man of honour. 

We feel, Sir, that we are authorised in so doing by your being a member of din 
Corps for five years ; and from your having served with us in Barrack for nearly a 
month — a place of all others most likely to try the disposition of a man. 

You came amongst us as a stranger; and, when you left us, you carried with you 

the esteem and respect of the Corps. 

Carrigadrohid, March 12th, 1827." 

Signed by the Captain, Cornet, and Sergeants, and thirty-two 

other members of the Corps. 

The duel, in which Mr. Daunt was shot dead at the first fire, was one 
which, it is said, need never have taken place, and, if a judicious friend 
had turned up, the duel might have been easily prevented and the parties 
reconciled. Mr. Connor was either acquitted or the prosecution was not 

The above entry is the last in the Orderly Book of the period [822-27. 
The corps was disbanded not long afterwards. Man}- stories are current 
in Muskerry of doings of various members of the corps, practical jokes 
and jovial nights in barracks, in which the whiskey, of which each member 
had to bring in a gallon on coming into barracks, played a considerable 
part. But the telling of the stories would not profit, and some would 
require much tinsel paper to cover them properly. 

1 I Thus raising the number in the corps to seventy-one. 

2 SO 


In 1843-44, during the agitation for the Repeal of the Union led by 
Daniel O'Connell, the corps was again called together by the captain, 
Sir Augustus Warren. Thirty-five surviving gentlemen who had been 
"members in 1821 and 1822 and in barrack" answered the call ; and 
sixty-five others soon joined, making one hundred in all. They were to 
be divided into horse and foot, and to be called " The Muskerry Union 
Yeomanry." Loyal addresses to the Queen and Lord Lieutenant were 
forwarded by this body, which were very graciously received ; but the 
corps was not actually re-embodied then. 

Again in 1 848, the services of the corps were offered to Goverment to 
" aid with their lives and properties in maintaining the legislative union 
between Great Britain and Ireland, and in resisting the seditious efforts 
now made to destroy it." But the reply of the Lord Lieutenant was that 
" it is not the intention of the Government to arm or place on permanent 
duty the yeomanry corps throughout Ireland." The forces of the crown 
were quite strong enough then without such corps to cope with the 
troubles of that time. 

Again in 1867, the present baronet, Sir Augustus R. Warren, proposed 
to Government to embody the corps once more, but the Government then 
also thought the step unnecessary. 

Che Old Cisterciar\ )\bbeys ir\ the piocese oj 
Casl^el and €mly. 

By REV. R. H. LONG. 

HE Ride of St. Benedict, an Italian (a.d. 480-543), was 
the first to enforce monastic celibacy. In a short time 
after the founder's death the Benedictine order became 
the great monastic system of continental Christendom. 
At the close of the eleventh century the son of a 
certain French nobleman being anxious to lead a life 
of pious seclusion tried all the orders, but particularly 
the Benedictine, that he thought might possibly suit his ideas, but none 
satisfied him, and at length he founded a monastery himself, but even here 
he found the tares of worldliness springing up, so with some twenty of 
the strictest of his companions he went forth and founded another 
monastery at Cistercium or Citeaux, near Dijon. The second abbot of 



Cistercium wrote out the Rule of this new order, the third abbot, an 
Englishman, found it necessary to reform it and enforce it with great 
rigour. This rule was simply the old strict Benedictine rule with a few 
additions suitable to the times. The monks were to eschew all pomp, 
pride and superfluity ; paintings, sculpture and stained glass were 
prohibited ; they were to eat but one meal per diem from September to 
Easter ; to consider as poison food that gave pleasure to the appetite ; 

Holy Cross Abbey. 

to talk but little and to be constant in religious exercises night and day; 
they should accept no gifts of churches, altars, or tithes, and were to 
refrain from intermeddling with the pastoral office ; the lay or " bearded" 
brethren attended to all secular affairs. Their abbeys should be planted 
in lonely out-of-the-way places, with the full consent of the bishop of 
the diocese, and were to be dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, for 
she it was who showed the second abbot the pattern of the white 
dress the Order should wear. Such were the regulations of the Abbey 
of Cistercium — the mother of all Cistercian abbeys; her daughters 
rapidly increased throughout Europe. St. Bernard joined the order 
1 1 1 3 and gave it an immense stimulus, and to his influence with St 
Malachy we owe our first Irish Cistercian monastery of Mellifont in the 


county Louth. Within less than a century Cistercian abbeys sprang up 
in every diocese in Ireland. There were four founded in the two 
dioceses of Cashel and Emly — Holy Cross, Kilcooley, Owney or 
Abington, and Hore Abbey. Holy Cross probably got its first monks 
from the Continent. Kilcooley was a daughter of Jerpoint, county 
Kilkenny; Hore Abbey of Mellifont; and Owney of Lovignac in France. 
Holy Cross and Kilcooley were founded by King Donald O'Brien. The 
following is a translation of his charter granted to the former house in 
the year A.D. 1182 : — 

" Donald, by the grace of God King of Limerick, to all kings, dukes, earls, barons, 
knights, and other Christians in whatever degree throughout Ireland, perpetual 
greeting in Christ. Know ye all good Christians that I have given, and by this 
my charter confirmed Cell-uaiter-lamudin, Ballidubain, Balli-e-duibain, Balli-igiridir, 
Balli-imoeluchain, Gualuehelach [or Ballychelach], Seirdach, Bali-ichcallach, Bali- 
icorcain, and Iconligain-culata, together with their pertinences, for the honour of God 
Almighty and St. Mary the Virgin, and St. Benedict, and the Holy Cross for the 
salvation of my soul, and [the souls] of my parents — in fields, in woods, in pastures, in 
meadows, in waters, in fisheries, in mills, fully, wholly, freely and quietly, to the monks 
of Holy Cross, in the presence of the Lord Abbot Gregory. 

Witnesses, Christian, Bishop of Lismore (Legate of the Holy See in Ireland). 

Maurice, Archbishop of Cashel. 

B., Bishop of Limerick, 
and Donall MacMeic Cochagh, Roderick O'Grady, Gillpatrick Vaidelani, Dermot 
Vaneill, Reginald MacMeic Cormac, Scanlan MacMeic Gorman. Farewell." 

Prince John, apparently when, as a boy, he visited Ireland in 11 86, 
confirmed this charter in the following words : — 

" Know ye that for the love of God and for the salvation of my own and the souls 
of my predecessors and successors I have granted and given, and by these presents 
do grant and give to God and the Blessed Mary of the Holy Cross, and to the Cis- 
tercian monks serving God there in free, pure, and perpetual alms, the under-written 
lands, as fully and freely as Donald O'Brien gave and granted, and by this charter 
confirmed to the etc." 

In 1320 this charter was again confirmed by King Edward II. thus : — 
" Edward, by the Grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, Duke of 
Aquitain, to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Know ye that Brother 
Thomas, Abbot of the Church of the Holy Cross, near Cashel, came into our Chancery 
of Ireland the day of the Feast of Michael the Archangel, in the thirteenth year of our 
reign at Cashel, and exhibited in our said Chancery a certain Charter not cancelled 
nor in any respect vitiated under the seal of John, formerly Lord of Ireland and Earl of 

Morton these lands [the same as are mentioned in Donald's charter] 

I have given for the salvation of my soul and those of my predecessors and successors, 

and for the souls of my soldiers who lie buried there I have also 

granted that they shall be free from all mulcts in my courts for what cause soever 
they shall be amerced, and also free from all toll whatever they shall sell and buy for 
their own use throughout my land of Normandy, England, Wales and Ireland, and that 
their lands be not put in pleven.'' 



Edward III. and Richard II. also confirmed this charter. The Bene- 
dictine rule was too severe to be fully observed by men except under the 
influence of the strongest religious enthusiasm, it is not surprising there- 
fore that at the time of the founding of Cistercium the Benedictine monks, 
trusting in their historic fame, had become by no means an ascetic body ; 
on the contrary they enjoyed themselves exceedingly well, and their 
irreligious life brought their order rapidly into contempt, and it was 
gradually supplanted by the Cistercians. Their most famous house in 
England was Glastonbury in Somersetshire; from this house in 11 84 



Philip de Worcester, lord justice of Ireland, imported a body of Benedic- 
tines to a house he founded at Kilcomenty, in the diocese ^>( Cashel and 
Emly ; another body of them settled at Ilore Abbey, and there is reason 
to believe that they had also settled at Holy Cross. At any rate tradition 
says the site of Holy Cross had been occupied by a cell or monastery 
before the granting of Donald's charter, and this monastery had been 
called "The cell or monastery of the eight lands," which is simply .1 
translation of the name of the first town land mentioned in the charter. 
Eour robbers once attacked this cell, and finding no treasure they con- 
soled themselves by ridiculing the reported miraculous power of the 


holiest of the two monks they found there ; one of the robbers ordered 
him to display his power by causing a huge tree " to touch the earth with 
its bowed top ;" the hermit argued that he should not tempt God, but the 
robber threatened death or obedience, whereupon the huge tree bowed 
its crest to the earth ; the robbers thinking they would prevent it rising 
again caught hold of it, but it rose lifting them up just as King Donald 
appeared on the scene, who ordered the robber's hands to be cut off. 
This incident forms the subject of the frontispiece of a book written by 
a monk of the abbey in the seventeenth century, and preserved in the 
college in Thurles ; the robbers hands are still clinging to the tree, while 
they hobble maimed about the trunk. On whatever this legend may 
have been founded, it gave a sanctity to the place which induced King 
Donald to grant the site of the old cell to the now famous order of 
Cistercians, while at the same time he bestowed upon the monks " a 
piece of the true cross," said to have been given by the Pope to his 
granduncle, King Murtogh, about the year mo. This relic, which was 
very small, soon disappeared, but was replaced by a large double cross 
of rough wood; which is still preserved in the Ursuline Convent at 
Blackrock, county Cork, and of which some account may be seen in the 
Journal, vol. iii., p. 46. It is enshrined in a decorated reliquary on which 
appear to be represented the symbols of the four evangelists, the cruci- 
fied Redeemer, the Virgin and Child, and what may be the arms of 
Butler and Burke to signify the maker of the reliquary. On account of 
this relic pilgrimages were made from all parts of the country by all 
classes to Holy Cross. It is marvellous how it escaped the iconoclasm 
of the Reformation, for it was looked upon by the reformers as " that idol 
whom the Irish nation more superstitiously reverence than all the other 
idolatries in Ireland." Such was the popular reverence for it that for 
more than a century after the lands of the abbey were granted to the 
Earl of Ormonde, at a rent of ^15 10s. 4d., the monks continued to be 
maintained in the building apparently by the alms of the people. 

The abbots of Holy Cross were earls of the county of Cross Tippe- 
rary, and sat as barons in parliament. This leaning towards secular 
employment was but one of the many indications that the Cistercians 
like the Benedictines themselves, soon found the strict letter of the 
Benedictine rule intolerable ; they stained their glass, frescoed their walls, 
received grants of churches, and in other ways infringed on their rule. 
In 1452 Holy Cross was granted Rathkellan vicarage by Archbishop 
Cantwell, and in 1485 the vicarage of Glankeen, by Archbishop Creagh, 
both in the diocese of Cashel, for Rathkellan is no doubt the small parish 
of Rathkennon adjoining Holy Cross. The archbishop was prebend of 
Glankeen, and appears to have frequently changed its impropriator, for 



in the year 1269, when Archbishop David Maccanvill turned the Bene- 
dictine monks out of Hore Abbey and placed therein Cistercians, he 
granted Glankeen to them. Hore Abbey also enjoyed the livings of 
Railstown and Lismolin in this diocese, and other spiritual as well as 
temporal possessions, including several mills, the principal of which was 
at Camas on the Suir ; their abbey, being in a low marsh near Cashel, 
could have no mill immediately attached to it. In Kilcooley the land 
about the abbey was almost as low, but, by forming a large lake, the 
monks appear to have provided themselves with a fall of water and a 

Hore Abbey. 

fish-pond at the same time ; at Kilcooley, too, there is another structure 
which seems to show how the monks took care to have fresh provisions; 
it is a large beehive-like structure, about a hundred yards north-east of 
the abbey, which was doubtless a pigeon or ice-house. 

I will now turn to examine the ruins of our four monasteries. The)-. 
so far as can be seen, bear a marked resemblance to each other, but 
Holy Cross is by far the most elegant, interesting, and best preserved ; 
they consist of a large church with central tower, nave, chancel, and 
transepts, to the south of which lies the cloisters, into which open 
the kitchen, refectory, chapter-house, and other monastic chambers. 


The beautiful east windows in the chancel and transept chapels of 
Kilcooley certainly almost equal those of Holy Cross in elegance, but 
the nave of the former abbey is a mere barn unadorned by the graceful 
arcades separating off the side aisles ; however, there is little doubt that 
Kilcooley formerly had this decoration. As for Abbey Owney, we can 
say nothing of it, for it has almost entirely disappeared. Hore Abbey 
has probably nothing particular about it, except perhaps that its east 
window is not a combination but three separate lancet-lights. In Kil- 
cooley there are some ancient monuments, for the preservation of one of 
which the chancel is kept roofed ; there are also two one-seated sedilias, 
one of which is handsomely ornamented and engraved above with two 

escutcheons (Butler and ), but it is not to be compared to the triple 

sedilia in the south wall of the chancel of Holy Cross. This is formed 
by three gracefully carved lancet-arches, above which appear the arms of 
England and France combined, also the arms of Butler (a chief indented), 
and of Fitzgerald (a saltire between twelve ermine) ; above all is an 
elaborate canopy. This was evidently intended to seat the three chief 
persons in the abbey ; it is let into the wall about two feet, and appears 
to have been frescoed at the back ; judging from the escutcheons it is 
supposed to have been erected either by Eleanor, daughter of James second 
Earl of Ormonde, and wife of Gerald fourth Earl of Desmond, who died 
A.D. 1392, or by Elizabeth, daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildare, first wife 
of James fourth Earl of Ormonde. Tradition calls it " The tomb of the 
good woman's son," and contains stories about a hole in a stone that was 
once attached to the sedilia ; this hole was said to be caused by a mira- 
culous dropping of water from the roof on account of an objectionable 
person being buried there about the year 1584. 

Another strange feature in the ruins of Holy Cross Abbey is what is 
known as " The place where they waked the monks," it is between the 
two little chapels in the south transept ; it consists of two arcades of 
three arches, supported by twisted pillars resting on low walls ; these 
arcades are about three feet apart, and extend about seven feet out from 
the wall ; the Holy Cross may have been kept here fastened to the wall 
at the back and hidden by curtains ; it was exhibited to the public on 
the patron days of the abbey — the 1st of May and the 1st of November. 
The last great pilgrimage to Holy Cross took place in the year 1601, 
when Hugh O'Neill came with his army into the south ; he left an em- 
broidered cloth at the abbey, which is preserved in the college at Thurles 
The last monk died in the abbe}- in 1724. 



l^anturH Castle, County Cork. 

By M. T. KELLY. 

EW districts are to be found in county Cork more 
lovely than that through which the river Blackwater, 
"swift Awniduff" of Spenser's stanza, flows in many 
a winding loop, passing by mountains dark and 
brown, or through meadows remarkable for fertility, 
until, after its course of eighty miles from its spring- 
head in the bogs of Kerry, it falls into the sea at 
Youghal. Among its tributaries are two streams, the Alloa and the 
Dualloa, (,) which on their way to the Blackwater meet in a wide vale, 
surrounded by hills, rising in soft and pleasing outlines. 

Close to " the meeting of" these waters is the small country town of 
Kanturk, or Crann-tuirc, " the boar's head," so called in memory of an 
animal of this species being killed there by some ancient chief. The 
territory originally was in the possession of the McCarthys, the former 
kings of Desmond, who contrived to preserve Kanturk until the seven- 
teenth century. 

About a mile from the town or village, a tiny tributary called the 
Brogucen joins the Dualloa, and at the distance of two fields from this 
rivulet stands Kanturk Castle, which was built (but never completed) in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth. This edifice, raised by an overbearing 
and savage chieftain, Donough McCarthy, was built in a quadrangle, 
three stories high (one hundred and twenty feet long by eighty in width), 
of common brown stone, with the windows, mouldings and coigns of 
dressed limestone. It went by the name of Carn'^-na-S/iaiii-sctor, or 
" the rock of the court of the seven masons named John," owing to a 
legend that seven masons employed there all happened to have the 
same name, Shane or John, and that they were also forced by Donough 
McCarthy to work without any wages. There was, besides, another 
tradition that this brutal chief stopped all wayfarers and compelled them 
to labour at his castle until they dropped down dead from fatigue and 
starvation. Not satisfied even then, McCarthy caused the blood of these 
poor victims to be mixed with the mortar used to cement the stones of 
the building. 

(')The Duallo, or Oom Duala, signifies the "double stream," while Alloa means the 
"echoing river." The land in the vicinity is excellent. — Smith's History of Cork, xo\. i. 



Ambitious that his castle should excel all others in the neighbour- 
hood, McCarthy determined it should be roofed with glass, the works for 
which were situated (wrote Mr. Windele) on the bank of the Brogueen. 

So stately and massive was the appearance of the castle, with a fine 
tower at each of its four angles, that McCarthy's heart swelled with 
pride, and he sent one day for his step-brother, a McAuliffe, to hear what 
he would say in its praise. This gentleman, who was troubled by the 
uncanny faculty of " second sight," on his arrival gazed in silence at the 
building, and on being impatiently pressed for his opinion, he replied 
sententiously, " Tis too good for the crows to live in, and it will never 
be finished.'' 

The seer's words were verified, for the English settlers established on 
the lands of Geraldines ruined by their great insurrection, became sus- 
picious of Donough McCarthy's ulterior motives, and complained to the 
Privy Council that the castle "was much too large for a subject," 
whereupon an order was sent to McCarthy to stop his work just as the 
battlements were about to be raised. Unable to defy the Government, 
Donough McCarthy in his furious disappointment gave orders that the 
glass roof, then nearly ready, should be smashed in pieces and thrown 
into the Brogueen. When Mr. Windele, in the early part of this century, 
unable to gain admittance into the ruins, peered through a window at the 
pointed arched doorway into one of the towers, he also observed the 
existence of three very thriving rookeries within the precincts of the old 
half-built castle. 

During the rebellion of 1641, it is said, Donough McCarthy was 
killed by O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, and that his estate was seized by his 
kinsman Dermod MacOwen McCarthy, who mortgaged the castle and 
land of Kanturk to Sir Philip Perceval, and this Englishman in turn 
obtained full possession at the time when the property was forfeited by 
Dermod McCarthy for his participation in the rebellion. 

However, there is another much more curious tradition respecting the 
death of Donough McCarthy, who was a rough and most tyrannical 
man, hated alike by his English and Irish neighbours. His step- 
brother McAuliffe, the seer, besides foretelling the fate of the castle, had 
also predicted that some day McCarthy would be shot dead, which was 
rather a safe prophecy at a period when few, except monks and women, 
died peaceably in their beds " after the victory of penance and unction," 
according to the quaint phraseology of the old annalists. 

McCarthy consequently paid little attention to this prediction, and 
he continued his usual mode of life, until one day he resolved to go to 
Dublin. On reaching Ball's Bridge, outside the city, one of his horses 
having cast a shoe, a smith who had his forge at that place was ordered 



to shoe the horse afresh. The man pleaded that he had no iron, being 
exceedingly poor, but McCarthy, falling into one of his diabolical rages, 
swore that if there was no iron the smith should make the shoe out of 
his own tongs. Much grieved at the prospect of losing such a necessary 
implement, the smith suddenly recollected that he had in his possession 
an old rusty gun-barrel, and going into the forge he put it upon the fire, 
which he blew into a white heat, while McCarthy remained at the open 
cloor watching the work. Higher and fiercer grew the fire, when a 

K.w 1 urk ( !asi 1 1 

sudden explosion occurred, alarming all who were present, and Donough 
McCarthy was seen lying dead of a gunshot wound. The muzzle of the 
old gun had been unwittingly pointed in his direction, and the fire 
having heated the metal, a charge which had lain there unknown to the 
smith had gone off, and thus in a most unexpected manner the prediction 
of McAuliffe was fulfilled, and Minister was delivered from one of those 
ferocious petty chieftains whose lawless proceedings inflicted so much 
misery upon the country. 




Zhc Silver /ifccoal of tbe TRo^al 5ris5h Constabulary. 

Obverse. — Within a spray of oak-leaves and shamrocks the Harp of Ireland crowned — above, 

" Reward of Merit "; below, " Irish Constabulary." 
Reverse. — A wreath of shamrock and laurel, and engraved in the centre : — " Presented by His 

Kxcellency the Earl of Carlisle, as a reward for distinguished Police Service and Exemplary 

Conduct, 22nd Novr., 1859." 
Engraved upon the edge : — " First Head Constable John Crowley.'' 

sir s? 

HIS medal was pinned upon the recipient's breast by Lord Carlisle, when 
Lord Leutenant of Ireland, at a full parade of the force in the Phcenix 
Park, Dublin. Head Constable Crowley was for many years stationed in 
Cork, and during the Young Ireland movement in 1848, and the disturbed 
times that followed, rendered fearless and signal service to the State as a 
Peace Officer of the Crown. Among other clever arrests, was that of Terence Bellew 
McManus, who he made prisoner when attempting to embark in disguise for America. 
This order of merit is of much rarity, as it is never issued except for signal acts of 
bravery. It was conferred upon the late Head Constable Gale, of Cork, for arresting 
Captain Mackey, otherwise Lomasney, who in the Fenian rising commanded the Cork 
contingent, and who, when arrested, made a determined resistance, mortally wounding 
one of the constables who accompanied Gale. 

On the 6th of September, 1867, the following officers and men of the Royal Irish 
Constabulary were presented with medals by the Lady Lieutenant, the Marchioness 
of Abercorn : — 

Sub-Inspector Robert Gardiner. 

,, Dominick F. Burke. 

,, Oliver Milling. 

Head Constable Richard Adams. 
Constable James O'Connell. 
,, George Forsythe. 

,, Patrick Derwan. 

,, Martin Scarry. 

A ninth was issued to Mounted Constable William Dnggan, but he had been 
severely wounded by the Fenians at Glenbeigh when conveying despatches, which he 
refused to surrender, and was unable to be present. The services for which these 
medals were granted to the several recipients are as follows : — 

1. Sub-Inspector Robert Gardiner. In command at Drogheda, who, on the night of 
the 5th of March, attacked and dispersed a large body of Fenian insurgents assem- 
bled in that town, taking many prisoners and a considerable quantity of arms and 

2. Sub-Inspector Dominick F. Burke. In command at Tallaght on the same night, 
when the Fenian insurgents were defeated, many taken prisoners, and a large quantity 
of arms and ammunition captured. 

3. Sub-Inspector Oliver Milling, who proceeded on the morning of the 6th of March 
from Kilfinane to Kilmallock, with a small body of constabulary to the relief of the 



party attacked by the Fenians in the police barrack, and with them routed the 

4. Head Constable Richard Adams. In command of the party surrounded by the 
Fenians in the barrack of Kilmallock, who sustained the attack during several hours 
until relieved by Sub-Inspector Milling. £70 from the Government and £50 private 

5. ConstableO) James O'Connell. In command of the party who bravely defended 
their barrack at Castlemartyr against a large body of armed Fenians, shooting their 
leader, and putting the assailants to flight. ^20 from Government and ^15 private 

Medal of thf. Royal Irish Constabulary. 

6. Constable George Forsythe. In command at Ardagli, when an armed body of 
Fenians attacked and fired into the barracks and broke open the door, the constabulary 
within returned the fire, wounded one of the assailants, and compelled the whole to 
fly. A chevron. 

7. Constable Patrick Derwan. In command at Kmly, when the constabulary resisted 
a large party of armed insurgents, who fired into the barrack and threatened to burn it 
if not surrendered. A chevron. 

8. Constable Martin Scarry. In command at Gurlavoher, when the constabulary 
repulsed a large body of armed insurgents, who surrounded the barrack, fired into it, 
and demanded its surrender. A chevron. 

9. Mounted Constable Duggan, who, on the night of the 13th of February, was 
conveying official despatches, and was called upon near Glenbeigh by a large body of 
insurgents to stop and deliver up those documents, which he refused to do, but pro- 
ceeded with courage and fidelity on his journey, when he was fired at and severely 
wounded and disabled. 

(1) Up till 1883 "Constable" was equivalenl to Sergeant, and "Acting-Constable" to Acting- 



It was upon the occasion of the distribution of these medals, that Her Majesty 
conferred on the force the title of the Royal Irish Constabulary, the official announce- 
ment appearing in the Dublin Gazette of Friday, September 13th, 1867, in "General 
Order, No. 51" : — 

" In recognition of the loyal and faithful services performed by the Constabulary of 
Ireland during many years, Her Majesty the Queen has been graciously pleased to 
command that the force shall from henceforth be designated ' The Royal Irish Consta- 
bulary,' instead of 'The Constabulary of Ireland.'" 

We hope in a future paper to complete the list of the recipients of this rare and 
much-prized decoration. 

M4 iM? J ohn Sta cey 


2t Silver /ifocoal of tbe Xosal Cork Volunteers of 1790. 

NOTHER medal has recently been added to my collection of Volunteer 
decorations, which is of local interest, as its recipient was enrolled among 
the number of those who belonged to the " Loyal Cork." The device and 
inscription are both engraved, and these are protected from wear and 
injury by a chased and raised rim. Its obverse has the harp crowned, 

between the letters " G. R.," and beneath is 1796, the date of the enrolment of the corps. 

Under this and above the crown are two ribbons, upon which is the legend, " For our 

King and Country." The reverse is inscribed— 

" Loyal Cork Volunteers. Mr. J<>lm Stacey 
Besl Shol with ball, March 4th, 1798." 


T^ound Vailed Cork, jrotn across the river. 

By JOHN FITZGERALD, Council Member. 

HERE are many interesting little stories which may be told of the ancient 
buildings in connection with walled Cork, of which structures we possess 
only the ruins, of some, only a few relics, and of others scarcely a memory. 
Let us go round the map picture of old Corke, in the Pacata Hibernia — 
but this time on the mainland, as we are done with the gates and flank- 
ing towers. We start from the western end of what is now the North Mall, and wc 
shall go round east and south, and finish up with St. Marie's of the Isle. The Abbey 
of St. Francis, or, as the Pacata calls it, Shandon Abbey, stood a little to the west of 
what is now Messrs. Abbott's mineral water manufactory, and this is very easily 
proved, for the holy well of St. Francis is on those very premises. It is a splendid 
well, some five feet in diameter, with a never failing supply of pure crystal water, 
which always remains about two feet deep. It is highly medicinal, resembling in its 
taste the Mallow Spa, and many people still use it as cures for weak eyes, consump- 
tion, and other ailments, the Messrs. Abbott ungrudgingly giving it to all that come 
for it. There is a narrow little pathway round the well which leads into a room that 
is like a crypt, for the end of it furthest from the well is formed by a solid rock of 
red sandstone. A legend says that from here there is a subterranean passage leading 
up to Garrane-na-brahair, " the brothers' grove," but the solid rock is an impassable 
barrier ; but there is a very massive wall at an angle, which, if removed from the rock, 
might verify the legend. Visitors are quite at liberty to see the well, but it is not as 
easy now as when I called there first, for I had only to open a door and it was before 
me; some machinery works near it now. There are numerous vestiges of the abbey 
back of the houses, and all along the district stone mullions, inscriptions, etc. The 
late venerable James B. Duggan, superior of the Christian Brothers, told me "that 
when they were building the monastery in Peacock Lane, some kind friend sent them 
the rose stone of Shandon Abbey that it might be built into the house for s^oorf lucky 
Mr. John Leonard, then superior, had it done, and you may see it any day in the wall 
outside the kitchen door, bearing the rose and twisted ornament, and the date 1590. 
The good luck has never left it; and you can see a picture of, it in the Journal, for 
John P. Dalton (Council Member), in his "With Pen and Pencil Round Cork," had 
that and two other stones of Shandon Abbey (which you may see for yourself in the 
curve of Wise's distillery) illustrated. 

In the last century there was a house and ferry where St. Vincent's Bridge stands ; 
the house was known as the Lilac House, from a fine lilac tree that overshadowed it. 
Goule's Weir (or whatever it is called now), across the river above the Lee Mills, 
belonged, with the fishery thereof, to the monks of Shandon Abbey in times long past. 
The Dole House belonging to the abbey stood to the east of North Abbey Square 
where the lane runs up to the rock steps, and it was the place where the monks doled 
out charity in food or clothing to the poor. It had a little stream from the river lead- 
ing to a water-gate of its own, but I know of nothing of interest in connection with it, 
though I know that some of the silver vessels of the abbey are still in existence. 
Goul-na-spurra, " the centre of the spur," did not form an ornament to our city at that 
time; it was once a very narrow place for the mail coacli to Dublin to pass through ; it 


is open and airy now, and is the happy hunting ground where our city bands hunt 
each other on festive occasions. It led in old times up to Shandon Castle and Lord 
Barry's countrie, and I have something to tell about it. I remember when I was a 
child toiling up a break-neck flight of steps that led up to Dominic Street from a lane 
on Pope's Quay. There was at least one hundred of them, and in old times they led 
up to Shandon Castle. You may look in vain for the "Giant's Steps," as they were 
called, for a very minor builder, whose name rhymes with Twiss, removed them for 
some purpose of his own — 

" So the legend runneth, so the old man tells." 
I knew Twiss myself, and he was not a bit above doing a little job of that kind. 
Go up to the Firkin Crane, and go down a passage opposite its gate, in Dominic 
Street, and go through a door which leads to a little terrace, look over the wall inside 
the door and you will see the rough incline where stood the Giant's Steps, and you 
will see a very fine view of the south of the city, which was never photographed. By 
the way, was it the abbey gave its name to the castle, or vice versa ? for shan, " old," 
and dun, "a fort," makes the name, or where was the old fort itself? We have St. 
Mary's Shandon (North Cathedral), St. Mary's Shandon (Shandon Steeple), St. Mary's 
(Pope's Quay), and St. Marie's of the Isle, of which I will tell you later on, as there is 
nothing more of interest in the north in connection with the map of the Pacata. 

Cross the ferry and we go south to the Red Abbey. St. Austen's, or Augustine's, 
called the Red Abbey from the colour of the friars' gowns, was a place of great note in 
the olden times, for its grounds extended up to Friar's Walk, and its rights to the strand 
of the river, including fisheries. Its square tower still braves the driving rain and the 
howling blast, and will do so for another century at least if not meddled with. The 
district, it might be said, was all consecrated ground, for the House of the Knights 
Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem was but a short distance south-east from the 
abbey, and it may be supposed that the monks acted as chaplains and spiritual 
advisers to the good knights ; their lands joined and they lived together in brotherly 
harmony. Not one stone remains of St. John of Jerusalem's Hospital. An old grave- 
yard at the back of the houses at the south side of Douglas Street, and called St. 
John's, is all that now remains in memory of the Knights Hospitallers. I was at a 
funeral at the old place when I was a small boy, and the memory of it remained with 
me, for I took a liking to the quaint old place, and in after years I often stood looking 
through the bars of a little iron gate which was the entrance to it, and wished I could 
get into it again. There are several priests buried there, but the place is almost a 
common now, for you can get into it from any of the houses in front of it. There is a 
little stone-mullioned window as a grave mark, and it is placed upside down and 
stands over the earth like the letter U, and it is the only mark or token of the religious 
house of which it formed a part. I was withC. G. Doran, architect (Council Member), 
about two years ago, and while we were exploring the place a working man came up 
to us and said " he was paid a small sum yearly for taking care of it, as the owner did 
not want it preserved, and she would rather all the stones were removed." The head- 
stone of a Cork soldier is the great attraction of the place, for the inscription on the 
stone above him records that he took part in every battle of the Peninsular War 
except that of Waterloo. It does not say why ; it was too much for him perhaps, and 
though the names of all the battle-fields are recorded, he left his bones in his native 
city. The entrance gate of Cat Fort is in Hospital Lane, and I think the name of the 
lane comes from the hospital of the good knights. The escape of Lady Fanshawe 
from the Red Abbey is a romantic story of the place, but she did not escape from the 
abbey, but from the city; for, like a valiant woman as she was, she made her way 


hrough the South Gate "through hundreds of naked swords" on the night of the 
siege, and at the Town Cross (centre of North Main Street) she got a "pass" from 
the general in command, by means of which, in a cart, she and her children got safely 
to her husband at Kinsale. There was near being a more romantic and tragic story 
in connection with the abbey tower some years ago, but as it was frustrated it need 
not be told. There was an important discovery made not long ago, for a restless 
horse poked his foot through the ground of a yard in Cove Street belonging to Mr. 
John Sisk, builder. On investigation it was found that underground passages and 
brick arches nine feet high communicated with the Red Abbey. They were filled 
with dry rubbish, like earth, and I went to see them with Captain Hutson, of the fire 
brigade. The first antiquity I poked out of the rubbish was a rusty tin teapot with 
a hole in the bottom, through which was forced a bit of leather to stop a leak. But it 
was an important clue, for it proved that the passages communicated with sewers or 
open places on higher ground, such as Abbey Street, and useless articles thrown into 
them were forced forward by the overweight of tons of rubbish hundreds of yards 
from where they were thrown in, showing that the old woman's rusty teapot was an 
important archaeological link in showing from where and to where the passages led 
out. A dog ran barking after a rat through a passage leading towards the Red Abbey, 
and though he got safely home to his master, it was not by the way he went, and, of 
course, he could give no information. Several theories were broached : they were the 
haunt of smugglers in the old times (they were well suited for that purpose) ; they were 
wine vaults; they were many other things. But I hold they were the usual mortuary 
vaults of the abbey, for there were cartloads of bones removed, but no skulls. There 
are similar brick arches under the surface of French's Bog, and who can say who was 
the lunatic that had them for wine vaults. Mr. Sisk could not keep his yard open 
until it was decided whether it was "Tweedle-dum" or "Tweedle-dee," so he closed the 
passages all but one arch, which he concreted and made a tank of. There are other 
buildings shown in the Pacata between the Red Abbey and the South Gate, but I 
know nothing of what they were. 

We pass Elizabeth Fort ere we come to St. Dominic's Mill. I was only once in 
that fort, and then it was to show it to the popular American Consul, General J. J. Piatt. 
There is a very fine view of the north of the city from the ramparts, and a melancholy 
legend of some prisoner who made a rope of his bedclothes and tried to escape from 
that spot. But the rope was too short and he had to drop, and was retaken fearfully 
injured and died in prison. There was a quaint little headstone in the graveyard of 
old Sinbarry's which bore this inscription : — 






This unlucky Geraldine, I think, who tried to escape. 

Next is St. Dominic's Mill in the same spot, with its wheel across the same stream 
shown in the map. There is an entry in Tuckey's Cork Remembrancer: — "In making 
some alterations in St. Dominic's Mill in Crosse's Green, the workmen employed came 
across the stone coffin of Falvey Foin, Admiral of Minister, which was embedded in 
the wall. They carefully had it removed, and the courteous proprietor of the mill, 
Mr. Keeffe O'Keeffe, presented it to the Dominican Friars, St. Mary's, I 'opes Quay." 
I went many times to see that coffin, and never did. I asked all the priests, including 
our Rev. Council Member Father Dwyer, and they neither knew nor heard of it. 


Then I interviewed John Burke, butler or something to the friars, but with the same 
result — failure. "What sort of a thing is it at all, Mr. Fitz ?" asked John. I described 
what I thought the admiral's coffin was. "Oh, I have it for you, for as sure as I live 
it is that stone affair at the end of the garden. Come along." I went with him to the 
end of the garden, and he hadn't it for me ; for as sure as he lived the stone affair he 
showed me was not the admiral's coffin, but the cut limestone capping of a very large 
gate pier. I can tell you no more about it ; but Tuckey took his entry from the Cork 
papers of the date, and I — well, I gave up the coffin as we give up a conundrum. 
I have many pleasant memories of St. Dominic's Mill, for I was allowed to keep my 
boat in its stream when I was growing up ; but there is no fun allowed in the Journal. 

Now for St. Marie's of the Isle, and first come round it and see it is an island 
still. Start from this old bridge, which is on the same site as the one in the Pacata. 
Come west by Hall's Mill, its present name, and the stream is under the pathway 
you are on. Turn down this passage opposite the churchyard, and you are stopped 
by the stream washing the back wall of the Convent of Mercy, then look east and 
you see the big water-wheel across the stream. Look west and you see a little 
bridge that the stream flows under, come back along westward under the church 
(St. Fin Barre's) and round past Arnott's brewery, stop at this little bridge between 
the brewery and the Sisters of Mercy's female school. The bridge is the one 
you saw from the mill stream, and now look to the west over the bridge and you 
will see that the stream runs past the back of Bishop Meade's palace. Part of it goes 
by St. Dominic's Mill, another branch of it flows into the South Channel between the 
Island House and the Bishop's Marsh, now the Cork and Muskerry Railway, round 
past Clarke's Bridge and Crosse's Green until you reach the bridge you started from 
(opposite Keyser's Hill), and you have passed round the whole island. As we pass 
St. Fin Barre's again, I may remark that the Watch Tower, with a ladder going up to 
it (as shown in the map) is also shown on the great silver " Monstrance," belonging 
at one time to the old church, which is also shown. I am quite sure, for I had the 
Monstrance in my hands, and made a drawing of it for the Kilkenny Archaeological 
Journal. Saint Fin Barre is also engraved on it, and he has the stigma on his hands 
and feet. Council Member Rev. P. Hurley, now P.P. Inchigeela, had charge of it at 
the time. 

There are many little stories in connection with the old St. Marie's of the Isle. 
Here is one known but to few. When the ruins of the ancient building were 
removed they fell into the possession of the Cork Corporation, and lay for many years 
in a yard adjoining the Lancasterian Schools. Commendatore John Delany built his 
new house and workshops on that very ground. As time went on the O. P. Friars of 
St. Mary's, on Pope's Quay, were building their new priory, and money was scarce and 
building materials expensive. One winter night the good prior of the place, who is 
now dead, was troubled about many things for the new building, and sent a messenger 
up to Blarney Lane for a young man, a friend of his. He came, and the old priest 
said to him : "William, I want you to do me a good turn." " It is done, Father Bat, if 
it is in my power." "I think it is. You are Secretary of Committees, and popular 
with the Corporation. I want those stones of St. Marie's of the Isle that are lying 
useless in their yard, but I cannot afford to pay more than sixty or seventy pounds for 
them. Try and get them for me." " Well, I think I may say they are yours." After 
discussing ways and means the interview ended. Some time after, at a committee 
meeting, the secretary brought Father Bat's trouble before them, and argued the rights 
of it very eloquently. "You see," he said, "though he offered no price, these stones 
are lying useless, as it would be desecration to use them in a common building. You 


gave a lot of them to St. Peter's Church, why not to the friars, who have a better 
claim, as they belonged to a Catholic edifice ? Besides, this priory and its grounds 
will be an ornament to our city." And they agreed to let them have them. "What 
price will you put on them?" said Mr. Perrier. "Oh, something nominal, of course," 
said Mr. Jameson. "Two pounds ten, I suppose," said William. It was done ; and 
when Father Bat (Dr. B. Russell) was asked for the cheque there was surprise and 
delight. This is what I called "Alderman Hegarty's laudable job," for he, the great 
tanner Mayor of Cork, etc., was the young man William, and he was through life a 
benefactor of that Church and of everything good. There is a story called "St. Marie's 
of the Isle," a tale of the sixteenth century, in Bradford's Cork Magazine, but I never 
read it, not having the book. 

The present convent of the name for Sisters of Mercy is a handsome and im- 
portant building. They have good schools for rich peoples' children, and good 
education for the children of the poor. They have added commodious class-rooms 
in their handsome new schools, which they call Chree-na-Barra, "the heart of Finbar," 
in which very young boys are taught, as well as girls. The Sisters manage the 
Mercy Hospital with credit to themselves and satisfaction to the public, besides visit- 
ing the sick. They have a legend of a treasure being buried on a part of the island 
called "The Strand," which treasure was laid there by the monks of old. I know the 
spot called "The Strand," but if we go digging there it might turnout like the admiral's 
coffin. There is also a legend of a Lord Deputy of Ireland who once sought sanctuary 
there. I worked up that legend myself, as he was a namesake of mine, and the last 
verse of it will finish up this paper. 

Yet often by the ruddy light 

Of the cheerful fire on winter's night, 

While all within was bright and warm, 

They listened to the howling storm, 

And proudly told each gallant deed 

Of the rider on the coal-black steed, 

And whispered, " The stranger, seldom seen, 

Is Silken Thomas, the Geraldine." 

Che Climate oj Cork. 


(1 ONCI.UD1 i'. 

HE character of the wind, owing to its direction, greatly depends on the 
latitude of the place, the formation of the land over which it travels, 
whether mountainous or otherwise, or to its having passed over an 
expanse of ocean before its arrival. Lor instance, at Cork the westerly 
or south-westerly wind is laden with moisture from the Atlantic, and 
brings us rain ; the east wind is dry, reaching us after depositing most of its moisture 
while passing over the continent of Europe. On the eastern coast of America, Boston, 
New York, etc., those winds have an opposite character. In winter our driest as well 
as coldest wind is the north-east. Before reaching us it has passed over the greater 
length of our island, and is deprived of its moisture by the intercepting mountains, 


etc., in its course. In February and March the east wind prevails, and is remarkably 
cold after passing over the frozen plains of Russia. The same wind in summer, 
though dry is not cold, as in the same latitude the Russian summer is warmer than 
ours. When the wind is from the north-west the weather is generally variable and 
squally. The following is the result of one thousand days' observation on the direction 
of the wind in our latitude : — 

82 III 99 8l III 225 171 I20 

This shows that the prevailing winds are south-west and west ; no wonder that 
Cork should be remarkable for rain. The least frequent winds are from north and 
south. From lengthened observations at Greenwich Observatory it has been discovered 
that the changes of wind, making a complete revolution, are eighty times in the 
direction of the movement of the hands of a clock or the course of the sun, for one in 
the opposite direction. 

The weather, consequent on the direction of the wind, is beautifully described in 
the thirty-seventh chapter of Job and elsewhere in same book. It is applicable to our 
country and others in the northern hemisphere at the present day, proving that the 
climate of our earth has not undergone any material change during the historic period, 
as the book of Job is supposed to be the oldest in existence. 

As a rule the winds are less violent and more variable as we go from the equator to 
the poles. Though our city has been preserved from such storms as are experienced 
in the tropics, yet we have been occasionally visited by some, which, for our latitude 
may be considered great. Perhaps the greatest this century was that in which the 
Killarncy steamship was lost in Rennies Bay in the winter of 1838-9, when the 
barometer fell to below twenty-eight inches. 

About twenty-nine years ago a hurricane swept over our city at about five o'clock in 
the morning. Though it lasted only a quarter of an hour it uprooted trees on the 
Mardyke and elsewhere, unroofed several houses, and outed all the lamps in the 
western portion of the city. Its effects were traced to Youghal, opposite which a vessel 
was wrecked. This storm or whirlwind was confined to a comparatively narrow strip 
of country. 

It is frequently affirmed by those who have not given the subject the test of 
accurate recorded observation, that our climate has undergone a change quite percep- 
tible to the senses, the winters being less severe and the summers milder than they 
were thirty or forty years ago. This, though a mistake, is a very natural one, as the 
mind vividly retains the impression of anything remarkable or unusual, forgetting that 
which is ordinary or commonplace. We, therefore, imagine that the years remarkable 
for great heat or cold follow each other in quick succession, when in reality they were 
separated by long intervals of ordinary weather. 

Glashiea, professor of meteorology at Greenwich Observatory, states that from 
observations made at Greenwich that the summers are three degrees warmer and the 
winters three degrees less cold than they were a century ago. This result does not agree 
with the popular belief, but may probably be accounted for by the increased drainage 
of the country during that period, as well as to the removal of obstructions to the sun's 
rays by the cutting down of forests, and the more general cultivation of the soil. 

It may be well to make a few remarks on the climate of Cork considered in relation 
to its influence on health. From observations made by the late Dr. Scott, of Queens- 
town, it appears that the winter, spring and autumn temperatures of the latter are re- 
spectively three degrees higher than those of the same seasons in the city of Cork, while 
mean temperature of the summer months in both places are alike. Then again the 


rainfall of Cork is about five inches greater than that of Oueenstown. For these reasons 
the latter place would be more suitable than Cork as a winter resort for those whose 
health requires a mild climate, not subject to sudden changes of temperature, and 
having moderate rainfall. Oueenstown has less extremes of temperature than Torquay 
or Penzance, and much less rain than the latter. Glengarriff is most favouraby situated 
as a winter residence for invalids, or for those who require a mild and genial climate. 
Protected from harsh winds by an amphitheatre of mountains, and from sudden 
transitions of heat and cold, owing to its nearness to the Atlantic, as well as to its 
extreme southern situation, and proximity to the Gulf stream. 

Mr. Otway, after praising its remarkable beauty, says with reference to its climate : 
"Where the native ash and oak are so mingled with the foreign ilex and myrtle, where 
the climate is so mild and gentle, that plants whose habitat belongs to more southern 
climes vegetate here in all their native richness." The harbours of Schull and Castle- 
town and shores of Dunmanus Bay may be classed with above as places possessing 
the advantages so much sought after in seaside residences. 

If such places as these were within sixty or eighty miles of London, its inhabitants 
would not content themselves with watering-places like Kamsgate and Margate, which 
possess no natural beauties to recommend them. Even Eastbourne, Hastings and 
Brighton are too open to the sea and do not possess suitable strands. 

The general moistness of the air at Cork (the humidity averaging about sixty-five 
per cent) is unfavourable to those suffering from chest affections or having consumptive 
tendencies. For such it is found that a clear, dry atmosphere is most beneficial, even 
if it should be accompanied by great cold. For this reason there are establishments 
erected for the treatment of persons so affected at great elevations. Amongst the Alps 
at five thousand feet above the sea level, and in Colorado seven thousand feet above 
the level of the sea. These secure a dry, though cold atmosphere, while they are above 
the general level of the clouds. 

From the variable nature of the climate in the temperate zone, compared with that 
of tropical regions, it is particularly difficult to forecast the coming weather of these 
countries, especially for any distant time. Great attention has been paid to this subject 
during the last fifty years in this country by Admiral Fitzroy and his successors in this 
department of the Board of Trade. The great leader in America was Captain Maury, 
of the United States Navy, and since his death the Meteorological Society, liberally 
supported by the State, prosecute the study with great energy and success. Though 
meteorology may be said to be — if not in its infancy, at least in its childhood — it has 
made great strides in the last few years. The law of storms, on the knowledge of 
which greatly depends the ability to make weather forecasts, has been, and is being 
studied with ever increasing success. Some had great faith in the numerous telegrams 
sent from America foretelling storms more or less severe, say between 12th and 14th, 
2 1st and 24th, etc. Since these forecasts began to be transmitted, the weather indi- 
cated was noted by Mr. Scott, secretary to the Meteorological Department of the 
British Board of Trade. His conclusion being that one storm out of every three 
foretold appears to have arrived at our coasts, the rest having blown themselves out in 
the Atlantic, or were diverted from their course by storms from other directions. 
Some scientific men suppose that none of the American storms reached us, but that 
being so frequently foretold the prognostications must sometimes necessarily coincide 
with other storms with which they had no connection. 

Though as a general rule the seasons succeed each other in their natural order and 
with their usual characteristics, yet there are occasional exceptions. Some winters are 
remarkably mild, others extremely severe ; one summer may be excessively warm, 


another may be undistinguishable as to temperature from spring or autumn. Excessive 
rainfall may characterize one season, while another may be equally remarkable for 
drought. Of course those occasional deviations from what we call seasonable weather 
must produce corresponding effects in the quantity as well as the quality of the 
produce of the soil. Two or three successive years of unfavourable weather will result 
in scarcity of food, probably amounting to famine, as well as to general depression of 
business, of which we had unpleasant experience in the years 1878 and 1879. The 
total failure of the potato crop alone caused the dreadful famine of 1846 and 1847. 

A people subject to such vicissitudes should prepare for their possible, or rather 
their probable occurrence, either by having a supply of food stored up in granaries, as 
was done in ancient times by the Egyptians, and is practised in the present day by the 
Chinese, or better still by following the good example furnished by the prudent 
forethought and saving habits of the Scotch, and which are still more remarkable in 
the French. If we, as a people, were thus to provide " for a rainy day " or the reverse, 
it would not be necessary in times of scarcity to solicit aid, perhaps from strangers, 
but should be in a position to purchase from those countries which were blessed with 
a superabundant harvest. 

Notwithstanding those occasional deviations (in limited areas) from the ordinary 
course of nature, the promise made to Noah still holds good, if taken in its widest 
signification — " While the earth remaineth, seed time and harvest, and cold and heat, 
and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease."' 

JNfotes on the Council IJooK 0/ ClonaKilty, 

Now in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Townsend, D.I). 



At a court of record held for said burgh on Wednesday the 4th day 
„, _, iL-fi of June 1729 by Roger Bernard eq r suffrain and Richd Hungerford 
Dep Rec Mr. Deane Toogood and Mr. Edmund Barett were admitted 
and sworn freemen 

Roger Bernard Suffn Richard Hungerford Dep Rec 

At the court held for the said burrough the 18th of June 1729 
ri h b'lt Francis Bernard gen<l was ellected and sworn freeman before Roger 
Bernard eq r suffrain and Richard Hungerford Dep. Rec. 

Roger Bernard Suffn. Richd. Hungerford Dep Rec 

At a court held for said burrough the 28th day of July 1729 by the 

oug i j unt j ernarne( j suffrain and burgesses and deputy recorder Sir Richard 

Meade bart. Sr John Freke bart. and Samuel Jervois eq r were ellected 

to be returned to the lord of the soyle in order for his lordship's nominating one of 


them to be suffrain for the ensuing year. At the same court Noblett Dunscombe eq r e 

was admitted and sworn freeman. 

Roger Bernard Suffn. Richard Cox 

Emanuel Moore James Cux 

John Townesend Richard Townesend 

Samuel Jervois Will" Meade 

Noblett Dunscombe, son of W. Dunscombe and Mary Roberts; high 
sheriff 1730; M.P. for Lismore, 1727-44 ; married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Colonel T. Barry of Rathcormac (The McAdam Barry), and Susanna 
Townesend, and left no children. He bought the estates of Mount 
Desert. The Dunscombe family came from Devonshire. 

, , At a court held for the sd burrough on Saturday the 1 8th day of 

jll/t'l'OH " /l Of a 

Cloi "hnih'lt • ^' er ^ 2 9 P ursuant to tne nomination of Richard Earle of Cork and 
Burlington lord of the soyle, Samuel Jervois of Brade eq re was sworn 
suffrain of said burrough for the ensuing year and had the ensigns of authority delivered 
to him by the undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy recorder. At the same court 
Mr. William Birde, Mr. Herbert Baldwin and Mr. Richard Baldwin were admitted and 
sworn freemen. 

Roger Bernard Suffn. James Cox 
John Townesend 

Richard Hungerford Dep. Record. 

At a court of record held for the said borough on Munday the 
Burrough of , , ,- ,. , , „ . T . „ . , ,, 

Clausrhnakiltv ? February 1729 by Samuel Jervois eq 1 suffrain and the 

undernamed burgesses and deputy recorder, Thomas Evanson Henry 

Sheares, John Coughlan Jasper Lucas Philip Cerill and Timothy Tuckey esq r were 

admitted and sworn freemen. 

Samuel Jervois Suffrn Richd Cox 

David Barry Will Meade 

John Townesj nd 

Richard Hungerford Hep Rec. 

At a court held for said burrough on Wednesday the 4th day of 

,.,' , *,./ February 1729 by the undernamed suffrain burgesses and deputy 

recorder Christopher Swift ccp was ellected and sworn burgess of this 

corporation in the room and place of Charles Gookin eq 1 decased according to the 


Samuel Jervois Suffn 
Richd Hungerford D. Roc 

John Townesend William Meade Eman. Moore Robert Travers Roger Bernard 
Richd Cox Ilary Freke Richd Townesend John Townesend 

At a court held for the said burrough the 25th day of Feb. 1729 by 
(1 <'] nhiltv Samuel Jervois suffrain and Richard Hungerford deputy recorder 
Henry Frankfort esq r and James Collins gent, were admitted and 
sworn freemen. 

Saml. Jervois Suffrn. 
Richard Hungerford 


, „ At a court held for the sd. burrogh the 25th day of March 1730 
ButToii^h of 
CJ 1 * h'lf < ^ r " William Power was admitted and sworn freeman before us ; as 

' allso Anthony Wollhouse and Stephen Moaxly ware sworn freemen. 

Saml. Jervois Suffn Richd Hungerford. 

At a court of record held for the sd. burrough on the 3rd of 
ClouphnakiUv February 1730 before the honoWe David Barry esq re deputy soveraigne 

' of said burrough and Richard Hungerford esq 1 ^ deputy recorder 

Mr. Robert Rogers was admitted and sworn freeman. 

David Barry Dep. Suffrn. 

Richd Hungerford Dep. Recorder. 

At a court held in and for said burrough on Saturday the 28th 

Cloughnakilty. of J uly lSo1 being St " J ames ' Da y Revd Thomas Breviter James 
Uniack eq r and Sir Broderick Chinnery bart three of the burgesses of 
said burrough were chosen and elected to be return'd to the lord of the said burrough 
for his lordships nomination of one of them to serve as sov ni from St Luke's Day next 
for the following year pursuant to the statute in such case made and provided by the 
undernamed sov" and recorder. 

Hor Townsend Sovn 
Phil Donovan D Recorder. 

, , Whereas at a court held in and for the said bor on Monday the 

Hiivyoii cr Ii of 

CI o-J & fit I 9 t ' 1 *^ a y °^ October 1801 the 18th being Sunday and St Luke's Day 

' before Phil Donovan recorder Rev Thomas Breviter one of the free 

burgesses of the said burough being nominated by the lord of the said borough to serve 

as sov n from this day, pursuant to an election of three on St James' Day last and the 

said Revd Thomas Breviter being called duly to receive the ensigns of authority and 

failing to appear, the former suffrn holds over pursuant to the statute in such cases 

made and provided. 

Hor Towsend Sovrn 
Phil Donovan D r. 

Rev. Thomas Breviter, A.M., son of T. Breviter, merchant, born at 
Limerick 1689, entered T.C.D. as a pensioner 1706. P. Templebryan, 
V. Templegunla, R. V. Templeomalis, R. Kilnagross. Buried at St. 
Nicholas, Cork, 1765. His son, Thomas, was rector of Carrigaline. 

Horatio Townsend, last suffrain of Clonakilty, fourth son of Captain 
Philip Townsend, of Deny, Rosscarbery, and Elizabeth Hungerford. 
Horatio was born 1749, educated at T.C.D. and Magdalen College, 
Oxford. He was vicar of Kilkerranmore and Castle Ventry, rector 
Carrigaline, P. Desert. He was also J. P., and was agent to Lord 
Shannon. He purchased the estate of Derry from his elder brother, 
and rebuilt the house. Exercising so many offices, he was possessed of 
great local influence, which he employed with so much benevolence that 
he was known as "The Friend of the Poor." Especially in 1798 he 


exerted his power to moderate the inflamed passions of both sides, and 
to prevent outrages. He was the author of many fugitive pieces, both 
grave and gay, in verse and prose. He published, among other things, 
Observations on Dr. Coppingers Letter to the Royal Dublin Society, and 
Observations on Criminal and Civil Jurisdiction in County Cork, while his 
Statistical Survey of the County of Cork, a work in two volumes, proves 
both his shrewd sense and his quickness to see how scientific ideas might 
be applied in practice to the improvement of the country. He was 
admired as a brilliant talker and an excellent man of business, and his 
warm heart made him greatly beloved by his relatives and friends. He 
married, first, Helena, daughter of the Rev. Robert Meade of Ballintober, 
and, secondly, Catherine, daughter of Archdeacon Corker. He died in 
1837, leaving seven daughters and three sons. 

Sir Broderick Chinnery, created baronet 1799, second son of the Rev. 
George Chinnery, and grandson of George Chinnery of Castle Corr. 
I lis mother was Eleanor, daughter of Dr. W. Whitfield, and niece of the 
first Viscount Midleton. His elder brother was George, Bishop of 

As the last entries in the Clonakilty Council book are only signed by 
the Deputy Recorder, it may be noted that the last Recorder was John 
Townsend, Commander R.N. Before his failure of eyesight made him 
retire he saw much service. He received a pension from the Admirality, 
and a letter of thanks for carrying the first news to England of the 
arrival of the French fleet in Bantry Bay. Xo other vessel ventured to 
leave Cork Harbour in the teeth of the gale when John Townsend volun- 
teered to carry the despatches, and few dared to hope that his little ship 
would weather the storm. He was also present at the taking of the Yillc 
de Ban's and in many naval actions. He was born 1764, and died 1849. 

(To be concluded.) 



Cork jVTp's., 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the Union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

St. Leger, John, of Doneraile. 

M.P. Cork County, 1665 ; Doneraile, 1692. 

Second son and at length heir to the great Sir William St. Leger, m.p. (q.v.). He and 
his son Arthur {q.v.) were the first two members for the borough of Doneraile, the 
charter for the incorporation of which he obtained. Was a captain of foot, 1661 ; had 
grants of lands under the Acts of Settlement ; high sheriff, county Cork, 1695. Was 
M.P. also for Tralee, 1695, till his death in the following year. 

He married first, 1655, Lady Mary Chichester, only daughter of the first Earl of 
Donegall ; married secondly, Aphra, daughter and heir of Mr. Thomas Harfleet, of 
county Kent. He died 1696. 

St. Leger, Sir John, Kilt., of Dublin, and Grangemellon, county Kildare. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1713-14. 

Second son of John St. Leger, m.p., and grandson of the celebrated Sir William St. 
Leger, m.p. (q.v.), and brother of Arthur St. Leger, first Viscount Doneraile (q.v.) ; 
b.a. (t.c.d.), 1707; educated at Westminster and Inns of Court; barrister-at-law ; 
a baron of the exchequer (I.), 1714-22; purchased Grangemellon, 1716. 

He married first, Mary, daughter and heir of James Ware, and granddaughter of 

Six James Ware, m.p. (q.v.), and widow of Frazer, (she died 1722); he married 

secondly, 1723, Levina, daughter of Captain Pennefather, of Cashel, and had five sons 
and three daughters. (See John St. Leger, following). He died 14th May, 1743. 

St. Leger, John, of Grangemellon, county Kildare. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1761-68. 

Eldest son of the foregoing. He was M.P. also for Athy, 1769. He was born 10th 
April, 1726; married, 23rd July, 1754, Mary, only daughter and heir of Hon. Thomas 
Butler, and had issue. He was dead before 1776. 

St. Leger, Hon. Richard. 

M.P. Doneraile, 1777-83. 

Second son of St. Leger Aldworth (afterwards St. Leger), m.p. (q.v.). He was born 
1 2th July, 1756; married first, 1779, Anne Blakeney ; secondly, 1809, Elizabeth Bullen. 
He died 30th December, 1840. Ancestor of present Lord Doneraile. 

St. Leger, St. Leger (formerly St. Leger Aldworth, and afterwards Viscount 

M.P. Doneraile, 1761 (then named Aldworth) 1768; 1769-76; 1776. 

Second son of Richard Aldworth, of Newmarket, county Cork, by Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Arthur St. Leger, m.p. (q.v.), Viscount Doneraile. (She is renowned as 
being the only lady freemason). He succeeded in 1766 to the estates of his maternal 
uncle, Hugh St. Leger, m.p. (q.v.), the last Viscount Doneraile of the former creation, 
and assumed the surname of St. Leger, in lieu of Aldworth. He was created Baron 
Doneraile, 1776, and Viscount Doneraile, 1785. 

CORK M.PS. 275 

He married Mary, eldest daughter of Redmond Barry, of Ballyclough (she died 
1778), and had issue. Ancestor of the subsequent viscounts. 
He died 15th May, 1787. 

St. Leger, Sir William, Knt., of Doneraile. 

M.P. Cork County, 1634; 1639. 

Eldest son of Sir Warham St. Leger, by the Hon. Ursula Nevill, daughter of Lord 
Abergavenny. Was M.P. also for Kilmallock, 1639. Had grants from James I. of lands 
in several counties; lord president of Munster, 1627; a privy councillor; sergeant- 
major-general of the army at Carrickfergus, 1640; actively engaged in suppressing the 
disturbances in Munster, 1641, during which his castle and town of Doneraile were 
burned to the ground; built the church of Doneraile, 1633. In reference to the state 
of affairs in England in 1642, he wrote thus touchingly to the lord justice, the Earl of 
Ormonde : — " It grieves me beyond any earthly sorrow for the great distance and dif- 
ference betwixt His Majesty and the Parliament ; and if all the measures of the times, 
joined with my long and violent sickness, were not of force to subject me to the grave, 
yet the sorrow for these unhappy variances would crack a much stronger heart than 
your servant hath now left him ; but God Almighty puts new vigour into me." 

He married Gertrude Wright de Viries, of Lower Germany, and had issue four sons 
and one daughter (see John and Hayward St. Leger). His son William fell at the 
battle of Newbury, 1644. 

He died 2nd July, 1642. (See Diet. Nat. Biog.) 

Sarsfield, Thomas. 

M.P. Cork City, 1585. 

Son of William Sarsfield, alderman and mayor, 1556. Was mayor of Cork, 1580, and 
1603. {qy. Recorder, 1610; appointment revoked, and disannulled and resworn, 1612). 

He married Ellen Roche, and had issue — William, M.P. (q.v.) ; Thomas, Patrick, 
Edmund, and James — some of whom married and left issue. He is ancestor of the 
Doughcloyne family. 

When, as mayor of the city, he was called on to proclaim James I., he answered — 
" He would take time to consider," and, on being remonstrated with by Sir George 
Thornton, one of the commissioners of Munster, " he insolently answered that Perkin 
Warbeck was also proclaimed in that city, and, nevertheless, by their precipitation 
much mischief followed to the country. Upon which Saxey, the chief justice of Mun- 
ster, said they ought to be committed if they refused. But William Mead, the recorder, 
told him that nobody there had authority to commit them ; whereupon the mayor and 
corporation went to the courthouse to consider of so important a matter, and Sir George 
Thornton waited for them an hour in an adjacent walk. Having sent to know the issue 
of their resolves, they put him off for another hour ; and when that was expired plainly 
told him they could not give their answer till the next day." Thi led on the 

1 1 tli April. The corporation being contumacious, Thornton himself proclamed his 
Majesty near Shandon Castle. The mayor put off his proclamation till 16th April, and 
justified his delay in a letter to the lord deputy. {See Windele's South of Ireland, 
p. 103.) 

Sarsfield, Sir William, Knt., of Sarsfield's Court. 

M.P. Cork City, II 

Son of foregoing. Was mayor of Cork 1606, when he was fined /^ioo by the Lord 
President for refusing to attend Divine Service in the Reformed churches; knighted 
30th November, 1617, by Lord Deputy Oliver St. John. {See under Dominick Cop- 
pinger for agreement " forgiving" his fees and stipend as member.) 

(Caultield points out that this Sir William Sarsfield was dead in 1633, and therefore 
could not have been M.P. in 1634; and he suggests that the Sir William who was then 
member for the city was the eldest son of Lord Kilmallock, who may have been a 
tenant of Sarsfield's Court at the time. It is more likely that the year 1634 given in 
the Liber Munerorum is incorrect). 



Sheares, Henry, of Golden Bush. 

M.P. Clonakilty, 1761-68. 

Was a banker in Cork and partner in the firm of Rogers, Travers and Sheares. (See 
my " Private Bankers of Cork and the South of Ireland," Journal, vol. i., p. 245). 

He married Jane Anne, daughter of Robert Bettesworth of Whiterock, and was 
father of John and Henry Sheares, who were executed for complicity in the Rebellion 
of 1798, and of a daughter Letitia, who became second wife of James Gubbins, of 
Kenmare Castle, county Limerick. He lived in terms of close intimacy with Lord 
Carleton, the judge who sentenced his sons to death. He founded in 1774 in Cork a 
society for the relief and discharge of persons confined for small debts, and promoted 
the Act 5 George III., under which a copy of the indictment was to be furnished to 
prisoners and counsel assigned them. He was a contributor to some of the literary 
magazines of the day. 

Sheridan, Charles Francis. 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1783-90. 

Second son of Thomas Sheridan, the celebrated friend of Swift and author of the 
Dictionary, by Frances Chamberlayne, and elder brother of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. 

He was born in Dublin, July 1750; educated at Samuel Whyte's school in Grafton 
Street, Dublin ; was an assistant to his father in his public courses of lectures ; called 
to the Bar 1780. Was M.P. also for Belturbet, 1776-83 ; envoy to the court of 
Stockholm ; Under Secretary of War for Ireland ; " was much admired for the wit and 
eloquence that characterised his speeches." 

He married, 1783, Letitia Christina Bolton, and died 1795, aged 45. 

Silver, John. 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1703-13. 

Probably son of Owen Silver, m.p. (See next.) 

His only daughter and heir, Jane, married Robert Oliver (son of Robert Oliver, m.p., 
g.v.), and was mother of the Right Hon. Silver Oliver, m.p. 

" John Silver bequeathed ^30 to the poor of Youghal. Dr. Henry Maule, present 
bishop of Meath, laid out part of it in walls for an almshouse, but carried it no higher 
than one story. What became of the remainder of the money, God knows. Some 
people may in time know, when they get to another world." ( J ) 

Silver, Owen. 

M.P. Youghal, 1661. 

Probably father of foregoing. Was appointed town clerk of Youghal for life in 1664; 
elected recorder 1671, and died in office 25th January, 1687-8. He claimed as a soldier 
of Cromwell's army and obtained lands in Kerry. 

Skip with, Edward. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1634. 

Slingsby, Sir Francis, of Kilmore, knt. 

M.P. Bandon, 1639-60. 

Eldest son of Sir Francis Slingsby (ninth son of Francis Slingsby of Yorkshire, by 
Mary Percy, sister of the Earl of Northumberland), who was constable of Haulboline 
Castle and a member of the Royal Council of the Province of Munster, by Elizabeth, 
daughter and co-heir of Hugh Cuffe, who was secretary to Lord Essex and a granter 
of lands in county Cork. 

(0 I have mislaid the reference to this quaint extract. 

CORK M.I'S. 277 

Smith, Boyle, of Ballynatray, county Waterford. 

M.P. Youghal, 1713-14. 

Fifth son of William Smith, by Anne, daughter of Richard Smith of county Armagh ; 
and grandson of Sir Percy Smith (who was son of Sir Richard Smith, by Mary Boyle, 
sister to first Earl of Cork). 

(A Mr. Boyle Smith was M.P. for Tallow 1661, and died 1662.) 

[Sonkeston, Sir Roger. 

M.P. Cork County, 1463. 

"Robert Rochfort, esquire, and Roger Sonkeston, knt., being elected knights of the 
shire to serve in Parliament for the county of Cork, refused to serve unless Garrett of 
Desmond, sheriff of the said county, would become security to them to pay them for 
their trouble and attendance as much as other knights of the shire received for theirs, 
which the said Garrett did ; and as it was not known what wages the said knights 
ought to have, because none were returned for a long time from thence, therefore at 
the petition of the said Garrett it was enacted that the said sheriff might levy and 
take from every carucate of land within the county of Cork eightpence, to pay the 
said knights, as is done in the county of Dublin and other counties. This was 
at the Parliament held before Thomas Earl of Desmond, L.D. of Ireland, anno 
3rd Edward IV." {Rot. Cau. t quoted by Smith).] 

Southwell, Edward, of King's Weston, Gloucestershire, and of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1692; 1695-99; 1713-14; 1715-27; 1727-30. 

Son and heir of Sir Robert Southwell of King's Weston, secretary of state for Ireland, 
by Elizabeth Dering of Surrenden Dering; and grandson of Robert Southwell of 
Kinsale, vice-admiral of Minister. 

He was born 4th September, 1671 ; educated Merton College, Oxford; clerk of the 
Privy Council (I.); prothonotary of the Common Pleas, Ireland, 1692; vice-admiral of 
Munster, 1701 ; secretary of state for Ireland, in succession to his father, 1702 ; 
LL.D. {lion, can.), t.c.d., 1703 ; clerk of English Privy Council, 1708; a privy councillor, 
1714. Was M.P. also for Dublin University, 1703-13, and for Tregoney and Preston 
in the British House of Commons. 

He married first, 1704, Lady Elizabeth Cromwell, only daughter of Vere Es^o.x, 
Earl of Ardglass (she died 31st March, 1709, leaving issue three sons, one of whom, 
Edward, was father of Edward Southwell, M.P. {q.v.) He married secondly, 17 16, 
Anne, daughter of William Blathwaite of county Gloucester, and had issue one son. 

He died 4th December, 1730, and was buried at King's Weston, where there is a 
long inscription on his tomb. His rent roll for the half year 29th September, 1695, * s 
given in Caultield's Kinsale Records, and shows him to have been very wealthy. He 
rebuilt King's Weston, the family place in Gloucestershire. 

Southwell, Edward, of King's Weston (afterwards Lord Clifford or de Clifford). 

M.P. Kinsale, 1761-68. 

Grandson of the foregoing, being only surviving son of Edward Southwell, by the 
Hon. Katherine Sondes, daughter of Viscount Sou 

He was born before 1732 ; married, 1765, Sophia, third daughter of Samuel 
Campbell of Mount Leitrim (see 6". C. Rowley, M.P. ante), and was summoned as 
Baron Clifford or de Clifford — for he used both styles — in r 

He was M.P. also for Bridgewater and the county Gloucester. It was alleged that 
he "hath right to the barony of Okeham {i.e. Cromwell of Okeham) by descent if he 
can prove it by record." He died 1st November, 1777, leaving issue. 

{To be continued). 


j\foles and Queries. 


H. D. Conner : "Notes on the Council Book of Clonakilty." 
H. Totvnshend : "The Wild Goose." 

" Notes on the Council Book of Clonakilty." — There is an error in the 
note on the Council Book of Clonakilty, at page 220, vol. ii. (second series) of the 
Journal. The Daniel Conner there mentioned, who died in 1737, had no issue. William 
Conner, George Conner, and Henry Conner, stated in the note to have been his sons, 
were his brothers, all four being grandsons of Cornelius Conner. I should be glad if 
any correspondent to the Journal could inform me in what service the Daniel Conner 
mentioned in the note was a captain. H. D. Conner. 

Gbe Witt) (Boose.— Gbe Jrisb Cavalier, 1690. 

The shepherd feeds his gentle sheep, the huntsman drives the deer, 
The seaman on the rolling wave his course doth bravely steer, 
The merchant gathers costly goods on hand for all who pay, 
And I — I hold my trusty sword and who dare speak me nay. 

My trusty sword, sole heritage of acres fair and wide, 
Lands stretching from the sea beat cape to broad Blackvvater's tide ; 
Lands forfeited to Saxon churls because I owned my king, 
Worshipped my God as I was taught — Faith such returns will bring. 

Faith cannot brook the lying tongue, Faith will not seek the slave ; 
I threw my hazard on one cast — I lost — and all I gave — 
All that I had, love, home and friends — to set my country free ; 
I freely staked, I freely lost, my sword is all to me. 

Lords of the lands that once were mine, my titles now ye hold — 
Titles ye won not sword in hand, but bought with ill-got gold ; 
I scorn your purchased honours, though they once to me were dear, 
I boast a prouder title far — an Irish Cavalier. 

A trooper in Lord Clare's dragoons, I serve the king of France — 
A pleasant land is France the fair, the land of song and dance ; 
But exiled men love battlefield far more than lady's bower — 
A long deep draught, a rattling charge, far more than love's soft hour. 

Yet I was first in lady's bower in days long past and gone ; 
These hands that sway the broadsword now awoke the harp's soft tone ; 
Now the shrill scream of tearing shot, the clash of pike and blade 
Are sweeter music to my soul than ever lady made. 


My gentle love, the Irish turf lies light on your sweet breast, 
Darling, I cannot lay my head by your loved side to rest ; 
Vengeance calls loud for ruined home, lost love, and broken trust, 
For Ireland's sake to strike one blow before this arm is dust. 

The trumpet sounds the call to arms ; soon the glad day must come 
When we shall see their colours wave and hear the Saxon drum. 
Trained soldiers of the Flemish wars, Dutch William's chosen band, 
The Irish Cavaliers strike home for love of Irish land. 

Brave brothers from old Scotland's shore, exiled by bitter fate, 
Faithful and true to lawful king, revenge ye surely wait ; 
Stern followers of the great Dundee, men oft in battle tried, 
'We'll strike together in the cause for which he nobly died. 

The Wild Geese flock our ranks to fill, a tyrant rules the land ; 
Oh ! fools and blind to drive such men to seek a hostile strand ; 
Hurrah ! brave boys from Ireland's shore, 'tis best to find a grave 
With shouts of victory around than live the Saxon's slave. 

Hurrah ! my sons, fill high the bowl, here's welcome to you all — 
France greets you well, for her you fight, for her you live or fall ; 
The mother of us all, my boys, our gallant old brigade, 
Will take you underneath her wing and teach you war's stern trade. 

We drink to those who sleep in peace by dark Boyne's water tide, 
By Limerick's walls, on Aughrim's field, through all the country wide, 
Who died in fight with face to foe, and happier far are they 
Than we who ne'er shall see the land where we our bones would lay. 

We drink to those who by our side still charge at trumpet's call, 
Brave Sarsfield and McCarthy More, the chief who staked his all ; 
O'Donnel, and our own great chief O'Brien, lord of Clare, 
When he commands what feats of arms will we not gladly dare. 

There rings the "boot and saddle" out. To horse, men ; quick, to horse ! 
Down on the enemy we ride with the wild whirlwind's force ; 
Sharp smite the sword and strong the arm of him who knows not fear, 
The exile from his country's shore— the Irish Cavalier. 

II. TOWNSHEND, Courtmacsherry. 



Original pocunrients. 

5n0ej aestamentorum olim in IRegistro Covcagia:. 

No. Name. 

92 Conner, Owen, of Ballinadee 

93 Callaghan, John, of Anguilla 

94 Connery, Edmund, of Curraghgrum 

95 Conney, John, of Kinsale 

96 Caghalane, William, of Ballinebuy 

97 Clove, Stephen, of Youghal 

98 Crandley, William, of Moyalloe 

99 Coppinger, Dominick 
100 Coppinger, Robert, of Corke 
toi Coomer, William, of Kinsale 
[02 Coppinger, Robert, of Ballydaheen (a piece of Robert 

will) . . 

[03 Connelly, Daniel, of Corke . 

104 Crompton, Walter, of Corke 

[05 Carthy, Dermot McDaniel . 

106 Cooke, Jacob, of Corke 

[07 Crompton, ah. Cattle, Sarah, of Corke 

Carty, Edmund, of Kinsale 

[09 6 Callaghan, Callaghan 

: 10 6 Commane, Connor, of Tuormoore 

11 6 Cloush, Dermod, of the parish of Templebreedy 

12 Collington, Elizabeth 

13 Coghlane, Darby, of Drumkeene 

14 Casey, Dermot 

15 Bourne, Amy, of Bandon 

16 Cooke, Thomas 

17 Cloude, John, of Knockmourn 

18 Coghlan, John, of Crookhaven 

19 Childe, William 
[20 Cox, Sarah, of Corke 
[21 Cozens, Ann, of Kinsale 
[22 Casey, John, of Inskeane 
[23 Carty, Owen, of Ballycrane 
:24 Cooke, Jane, of Corke 

55 Carty, Dennis, of Ardra 

[26 Cross, Michael, of St. Finbarry's 

57 Chambers, John, of Bandon 

[28 Crumme, Jbhn, of Inshiguilagh 

[29 Coppinger, Mary, of Comme 

30 Carty, Feeneen McDermod 

51 6 Crowley, Thadey 

[32 Chambers, Susanna, of Inishonane 






No. Name. 

133 Crooke, Thomas, of Inchirahelly 

134 Cooke, Edward, of Enniskeane 

135 Carthy, Jeremy, of Shanaway 

136 Carty, Ellinor, of Lougherett 

137 Canty, Teige 

138 Covert, Richard, of Corke .. 

139 Castle, Walter, of Corke 

140 Crovvly, Cornelius 

141 Clarke, Richard, of Carrigrohane 

142 Clements, John, of St. Finbarry's 

143 Champion, Jane 

144 Coppinger, Richard fitzjames 

145 Coppinger, James 

146 Champion, Thomas, of Corke 

147 Cole, William, of Shandon 

148 Coppinger, James fitzjohn, of Corke 

149 Canty, Julian 

150 Collman, John, of Corke 

151 Curtain, John 

152 Curtain, John, of Kilaspugmullane 

153 Creagh, Christopher, of Corke 

154 Crymen, John, of Coolmucky 

155 Cary, Theophilus, of Coronedy 

156 Clifford, Joseph, of Cloghnakilty 

157 Carty, Charles, of Ardeeling 

158 Courshop, Elizabeth, of the Little Island 

159 Clungen, Henry, of Ballinade 

160 Cole, Alexander, of Corke 

161 Creeber, Thomas, of Kinsale 

162 Collins, John, of St. Finbarry's 

163 Carthy, Catherine, of Kilmeararane . . 

164 Coolishey, Henry, of the parish of Kinure 

165 Christian, William 

166 McCarthy, Owen, of Currybeg 

167 Campion, Thomas, of Corke 

168 Cleere, Ralph, of Bandon 

169 Carthy, Feeneen, ah. Gawne 

170 Clarke, Peter, of Kinsale 

171 Childe, William, of Knockavilly parish 

172 Crabb, Richard, of Corke 

173 Clements, John, of Corke 

174 Condon, Morish, of Kinsale 

175 Coghlan, Cornelius, of 5 mile Bridge 

176 Carthy, Daniel, of Kinsale . . 

177 Corker, John, of Bandon 

178 Childe, Michael 

179 Cogan, Thomas, of Kinsale. . 

180 Crampton, Walter 

1S1 Clerk, John, of Ballinbrack 






No. Name. 

182 McClaskee, Maurice, of Kinsale 

183 Crosse, Havves 

184 Coghlane, John, of (Skibbereen qy.), Skubreen 

185 Chudleigh, John, of Kinsale 

186 Creed, Thomas, of Corke 

187 Collins, Cornelius, of Corke 

188 Cottrell, Benjamin 

189 Carty, John, of Corke 

190 Chinnery, George, of Castlecurr 

191 Crosse, Philip, of Carrigrohane 

192 Clusoy, John, of Cove 

193 de la Croix, Isaac, of Corke 

194 Capell, Stephen, of Kinsale 

195 Condon, Maurice, of Kilworth 

196 Colliers, George, of Corke 

197 Casey, Teige, of Knockagallig 

198 Connell, Owen, of Kilcaskane 

199 Coates, Robert, of Corke 

200 Clarke, William, of Corke . . 

201 Collis, Benjamin, of Corke .. 

202 Connor, Daniel, of Ballintagart 

203 Carey, John, of Ballymodan 

204 Cooper, Daniel 

205 Coggan, John, of Corke 

206 Cooke, Thomas 

207 Clarke, John, of Corke 

208 Cary, John, of Bandon 

209 Canty, Susanna 

210 Collum, William, of Corke 

211 Cleare, Robert, of Corke 

212 Cartvvright, John, of Corke 

213 Connor, John, of Corke 

214 Cullane, Patrick, of Gurrane 

215 Connell, Andrew, of Grange 

216 Canty, Patrick, of Corke 

217 Chartres, Thomas, of Corke 

218 Clarke, Frances, of Bulleenbrack 

219 Coppinger, Thomas, of Corke 

220 Coonahane, Thomas, of Byalofile parish 

221 Coppinger, John, m.d. 

222 Mc Carthy, Dongoh, priest 

223 Chillingsworth, Richard 

224 Coghlane, John, of Corke 

225 Carthy, Daniel, of Meadstown 

226 Corneille, Ralph, of Corke 

227 Clements, Mary, of Corke 

228 Coogan, Francis, priest 

229 Mc Carthy, Daniel, of Kinsale 

230 Cronyn, John, of Carrogline 





No. Name. 

231 McCarthy, Derby, of Shandon 

232 Crooke, James, of Corke 

233 Crofts, Mary, of Bandon 

234 Cullane, John, of Lisgriffin 

235 Cochier, Richard, of Carrigoline 

236 Collins, Darby, of St. Finbarry's 

237 Cottrell, Charles, of Coolnecarrigy 

238 Cox, Susanna, of Ardlandstovvn 

239 Mc Carthy, Florence, priest 

240 Crispin, Ralph, of Kilcaha 

241 Callaghan, William, of Corke 

242 Callaghan, John, priest 

243 Cox, Captain Richd., of Dunmanvvay 

244 Callaghan, Owen, of Shandon 

245 Crenagan, Margaret, of Corke 

246 Clancy, Joanna, of Corke 

247 Connor, Charles, of Kinsale 
24S Coogan, William, of Corke . . 

249 Cox, Thomas, of Coolkirky . . 

250 Chatterton, Thomas, of Corke 

251 Carmudy, Edmund, of Corke 

252 Callaghan, Margaret, of Corke 

253 Coghlan, Darby, of Kinsale 

254 Cleary, Darby, of Corke 

255 Cotter, Garrett, of Corke 

256 Collins, Timothy, of Corke . . 

257 Chamberlain, Abel, of Corke 

258 Coughane, Timothy, of Blarny Lane 

259 Callaghan, Susan 

260 Crowly, James, of Robertstown 

261 Coleman, Ignatius, of Corke 

262 Croning, Daniel, mariner 

263 Carswell, Archibald, of Corke 

264 Coppinger, George, of Corke 

265 Callaghan, Dennis, of Corke 

266 McCartin, Cornelius, of Coole 

267 Chard, Adam, of Kinsale 

268 Cooke, Nicholas, of Passage 

269 Cogran, Thomas, of Corke 

270 Condon, John, of Corke 

271 Connor, Darby, of Corke 

272 Cooke, John, of Mallow Lane 

273 Cartmell, Robert, of South Carolina 

274 Coats, Richard, of Corke 

275 Crowly, Margaret, of Robertstown 

276 Comerford, John, of Corke 

277 Corbett, David, of Corke 

278 Mc Cormick, George, of Gardadirdacle 

279 Coley, Robert, of Corke 




No. Name. 

280 Connor, Cornelius, of Blarny Lane 

281 Coppinger, John, of Corke . . 

282 Curtis, Richard, of Corke 

283 Creemeen, Daniel, of Corke 

284 Condon, Daniel, of Corke . . 

285 Cummins, William, of Corke 

286 Chartres, Mary, of Corke 

287 Clungeon, Peter, of Ballyvolane 

288 Cottrell, Edward, of Curraheaverne 

289 Cave, Stephen, of Mallow Lane 

290 Creed, Richard, of Corke 

291 Chappell, Stephen, of Kinsale 

292 Cooke, Ann, of Corke 

293 Mc Carty, Charles, of Balleenbrock 

294 Coghlan, Thomas, of Corke 

295 Corham, Thomas, of Corke 

296 Clementson, Jonathan, of Carrigrohane 

297 Cane, John, of Corke 

298 Connell, Teige, of Shandon 

299 Casey, John, of Corke 

300 Coghlan, Joseph, of Corke . . 

301 Mc Carty, Teige Rabagh, of Corke 

302 Cremain, Dennis, of Ballinadee 

303 McCarthy, Owen, of Shandon 

304 Crowly, Florence, of Duglas 

305 Campbel, George, of Kinsale 

306 Curtis, James, of Corke 

307 Clift, Sophia 

308 Cockram, John, mariner 

309 Crowly, Demetrius, of Cork 

310 Collier, Margaret, of Corke . . 

311 Cottrell, John, of Corke 

312 Callaghan, Daniel, of Shandon 

313 Cogan, John, of Corke 

314 Cooke, Mary, of Passage 

315 Crowly, Daniel, of parish of Timoleague 

316 Condon, Maurice, of Corke 

317 Comerford, Rebecca, of Corke 

318 Campbell, Matthew, of Kinsale 

319 Croneen, John, of Ardbrack 

320 Cooke, George, of Corke, slater 

321 Coppinger, Henry, of Corke, merchant 

322 Croneen, Cornelius, of Coolnacariggy 

323 Clear, Ralph, the elder, of Bandon 

324 Chudleigh, Thomas, of Kinsale 

325 Cooper, David, of Corke, merchant 

326 Capell, Joseph, of Corke, esq. 

327 Connell, Charles, of Corke, butcher 

328 Cogan, Anstace, of Corke, widow 

1 741 



No. Name. Year. 

329 Coghlan, Daniel, of Corke, m.d. . . . . . . 1755 

330 Coghran, Richard, gardner . . . . . . . . 1755 

331 Comerford, Peter, of Corke, cloathier .. .. .. 1755 

332 Crowly, John, of Skibbreen . . . . . . . . 1756 

333 Carthy, Charles, of Ahaceerig .. .. .. .. 1756 

334 Creagh, Stephen, of Corke, merchant .. .. .. 1756 

335 Condon, Mar)', of Corke, widow . . . . . . . . 1756 

336 Carbury, Edward, of Bandon .. .. .. .. 1756 

337 Carthy, Andrew, of Lissane 

338 Carthy, Daniel, als. Braher 

339 Clarke, Robert, of Kinsale .. .. .. • • l 757 

340 Campion, Jane, of Corke, spinster .. .. .. .. 1757 

341 Cooke, Francis, of Corke 1 , joyner .. .. .. .. 1757 

342 Collins, Catherine, of Bandon . . . . . . . . 1757 

343 Cox, Austin, of the parish of Cullen . . . . . . 1757 

344 Carthy, Richard, of Kinsale .. .. .. .. 1757 

345 Cronin, Timothy, of Corke .. .. .. .. 1757 

346 Cole, Warham, of Corke 

347 Cole, James, of Inane . . . . . . . . . . 175$ 

348 Cross, James, of Corke . . . . . . . . . . 1758 

349 Chamberlain, Richard, of Corke .. .. .. .. 1 75*^ 

350 Cotter, James, of Kildroumlegagh . . . . . . . . 175$ 

351 Callanane, Gully, of Girrane .. .. .. .. 1759 

352 Collis, Henry, lieut. in Forbes's . . . . . . . . 1759 

353 Condon, John, of Rheneys .. .. .. .. •• 1 759 

354 Comerford, Mary .. .. .. .. .. .. i7°o 

355 Cullane, Darby, of Ballygurteen 

356 Collins, John, of Corke .. .. .. .. . . 1761 

357 Connell, Cornelius, of Gurteen .. .. .. .. I7 01 

358 Carbury, Ann, of Bandon .. .. .. .. .. I7 01 

359 Collins, John, mariner .. .. .. .. .. i7 (l1 

360 Clear, Thomas, of Bandon .. .. .. .. .. 1761 

361 Cotter, Elizabeth, of Corke, spinster . . . . . . 1761 

362 Calahan, Elizabeth, of Loghbeg . . . . . . ' 

363 Comerford, Michael, of Corke .. .. .. ..1762 

364 Collins, Alexis, a priest . . . . . . . . • ■ l 7^ 2 

365 Counigham, Robert, of Corke .. .. .. •• 1762 

366 Conelly, Daniel, of Bandon .. .. .. •• I7 02 

367 Cronan, Thomas, mariner . . . . . . . . I7^ 2 

368 Clarke, Thomas, of Manch . . . . . . 1762 

369 Cogan, Pierce, of Barna . . . . . • • • x 7^2 

370 Cooke, Catherine, wife of William Cooke . . . . 17 02 

371 Cross, Elizabeth, of Corke, widow .. .. 17 02 

372 Clements, Thomas, of Corke, mason I7°3 

373 Carthy, Julian, sec McCarthy (sic.) 

374 Chard, Christian, of Kinsale .. .. .. •• 17^3 

375 Casey, Elizabeth, of Ballinahiny .. .. .. •• 1763 

376 Callanan, Daniel, of Skibbreen .. .. .. •• 1763 

377 Clarke, Rebecca, of Corke .. .. .. .. •• I7°4 



No. Name. 

378 Collins, Bat., of Corke 

379 Carmintran, John, of Corke 

380 Crowly, Dennis, of Blackpool 

381 Curry, Henry, of Ballintemple 

382 Collins, John, of Kinsale 

383 Curtin, Owen, of Corke 

384 Crone, Daniel, of Corke, aldn. 

385 Curtin, Simon, of Corke 

386 Clarke, Mary, of Carrigroe . . 

387 Croneen, John, of Cloghduane 

388 Cox, John, of Coolkerky 

389 Collins, Peter, of Sunday's Well 

390 Coghlan, Joseph, Kilumney 

391 Curtin, Catherine, of Corke 

392 Cole, William, of Letrim 

393 Cole, Robert, of Letrim 

394 Chuddleigh, Ellinor, of Kinsale 

395 Conway, Roger, of Corke . . 

396 Chute, Mary, of Corke 

397 Chudleigh, John, of Kinsale 

398 Cox, Catherine, of Dunmanway 

399 Croneen, David, of Kinsale 

400 Crosby, Patrick, of Corke . . 

401 Connor, Mathew, of Corke 

402 Coughlan, James, of Corke . . 

403 Connor, Elizabeth, of Corke 

404 Connor, Daniel, of Corke 

405 Croneen, James, of Coole . . 

406 Cooke, Patience, wife of Edward Cooke, of C 

407 Crone, Richard, of Corke 

408 Cotter, Edward, of Castlelaid 

409 Cullinane, Daniel, of Kilmore 

410 Colsy, Richard, of Corke 

411 Cull, David, of Corke 

412 Cnaugh, John, of Bantry 

413 Conway, William, of Corke 

414 Cole, William, of Inane 

415 Crimeen, Honor, of Bandon Road, Corke 

416 Colthurst, John, of Corke . . 

417 Cottrell, Henry, of Corke .. 

418 Combe, Francis, of Cork 

419 Crowly, William, of Gurteen 

420 Child, Jane, of Bandon, widow 

421 Carey, Peter, of Spring Lane 

422 Campbell, Collin, of Passage, gent 

423 Carie, Ann, of Cork, spinster 

424 Coveny, Margaret, of Ballydumgum {gy.), widow 

425 Conway, William, of Inishonane 

426 Cronin, Timothy, of Cork, tanner 




No. Name. 

427 Corker, Thomas, of the city of Cork, esq. 

428 Cunningham, Julian, of Passage 

429 Cane, Ellen, of Cork, widow 

430 Condon, Richard, of Cork . . 

431 Clerke, Thomas, of Skibbereen, gent, (sic.) 

432 Clugston, James, of Bandon, dissenting mr. 

433 Cocker, Alice, of Cork, widow 

434 Chichley, Francis, of Cork, mercht. 

435 Conron, Hatton, of Cork, gent. 

436 Conron, Mary, of Cork, spinster 

437 Crimeen, Thomas, of Collins' Lane, publican 

438 Combe, James, of Cork, hozier 

439 Carthy, John, of Cork, labourer 

440 Cole, James 

441 Clifford, Daniel, of Letrim, mealman 

442 Clarke, George, of Mansh 

443 Conner, John, of Cork, mercht. 

444 Cooke, John, of Cork, gent. 

445 Cochran, Thomas, of Cork, cabinetmaker 

446 Cummins, Joanna, Tigsasnagt, widow 

447 Clark, Robert, mariner 

448 Clugston, Elizabeth, widow 

449 Crone, Hannah, of Cork, spinster 

450 Crone, Ann, of Cork, spinster 

(To be continued). 
























Jadex to the jYiarriage jjcence TJor\ds oj the 
piocese oj Cork and T^oss. 

From a.d. 1623 to 1750. 

ERMISSION has been obtained from the Master of the Rolls to publish 
this Index, which has lately been compiled in the Public Record Office; 
Dublin, with the greatest care and accuracy. The publication will be 
made under the auspices of this Society. The Index is indispensable to 
persons who have to prove their descent for the purposes of claiming 
property, or making or correcting their pedigrees, and for other purposes. The bonds 
themselves are extant in the Public Record Office, which office furnishes extracts from 
or copies of them for a small charge on application being made, or anyone can copy 
them for himself at that office on paying a fee of a shilling each. 

The nature of the information generally afforded by these bonds may be gathered 
from the following copy of one, the first in the series : — 

Marriage Licence Bond 1623. Dio. Cork and Ross. 

Know all persons by these presents that we. John Baldwine(0 of the city of Cork, and 
Henry BoyleWof the same, gentleman, are held and firmly bound to the Reverend Father in 

(') Bridegroom's name. ( 2 Name of surety. 


Christ and Lord, the Lord, by Divine providence, Bishop of Cork [Cloyne] and Ross, in one 
hundred pounds good and lawful money of England, to be paid to the said Lord Bishop, or his 
certain attorney, his heirs admons successors or assigns, — to which payment we bind ourselves 
and each of us, our heirs exors and admors firmly by these presents ; sealed with our seals. 

Dated this 14th day of the month of Dec 1623. 

Now THE CONDITION of this present obligation is such that if hereafter there shall not 
appear any let or impediment, either by precontract, consanguinity or affinity, or by any other 
lawful or canonical means whatsoever, but that the above bounden John Baldwine(0 may law- 
fully solemnise matrimony with Thomasine Noie(s), and in the same afterwards live together 
without question, and moreover if there be not at the present any suit, quarrel, action, debt or 
demand concerning this matter depending before any Judge Ecclesiastical or Temporal — then 
this present obligation to be void or else to stand in force. 

Signed and delivered in presence of (Signed) John Baldwine(i) (seal) 

James Davies(-0 Henry BoyleW (seal) 

At date of this particular bond the bishop presided over the three dioceses, but 
Cloyne was afterwards separated. These bonds were entered into because, under 
the state of the law in their times, the bishop, before granting his licence to marry, 
required substantial persons to be bound to him in a penal sum in case he should 
afterwards be made liable to a suit through granting such licence to parties not entitled 

The parties to a bond of this kind are (1) the bridegroom, whose residence or 
parish is stated ; and (2) the surety, who is often the parent or brother, or near rela- 
tive of the bride, whose residence or parish is also usually stated. Occasionally 
further particulars are added, as, for instance, a letter appended to the bond, which 
occurs in one of which I happen to have an office copy. It is from the father of the 
bride to the officer issuing the bond : — 

Sir, — The bearer hereof Mr. Martin Newman hath the consent of me to marry my daufter 
therefore you may let him haufe Lysence for the same and derect it to Mr. Goodman for he is 
person (5) of our parish of Bryny. This being the request of 

Your obedt sit 

ffinnis, 2^ (jber 170I. RICHARD GlLLMAN. 

The bonds cited in the Index are connected with almost every family known in 
the county and city of Cork. Among the names are such well-known ones as 
MacCarthy, O'Brien, O'Connell, O'Callaghan, Byrne, etc., etc., mixed with those of 
English origin, such as Bennett, Townsend, Bayly, etc., etc. 

The Society proposes to publish this Index in a separate volume as soon as a 
sufficient number of subscribers shall have indicated their readiness to take copies. 

H. W. G. 

(3) Bride's name ; the residence or parish is usually added. 

(4) Usually a notary public. 

(5) Parson is the word now used. 

[The publishers, Messrs. Guy and Co. Ltd., 70, Patrick Street, Cork, will receive applications 
for copies of the above-mentioned work. The cost will be four shillings to members of the 
Society, and five shillings to others. Early application is necessary.] 

Second Series.— Vol. II., No. 19.] 

[July, 1896. 



Cork Historical & Archaeological 


Rebellion 1641-2 described in a letter 0/ T^ev. drban 
Vigors to f^ev. T^eqry Jones, 

Wttb a note of Officers cngacjcD at tbe Ji3attle of 2Liscarroll. 

(From a Manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin.) 
Co.NTKiLLiLD by Col. PHILIP D. VIGORS, F.R.S.A., J.P., Member. 

[Preface. — This letter, dated 16th July, 1642, was copied by me verbatim, about 
thirty years since, from MS. F. 3. xi., No. 21, p. 234, in Trinity College, Dublin, and 
was compared by me with the original in 1863. The author was chaplain to the 
Right Hon. Roger Boyle, baron of Broghill, a son of the first Karl of Cork ; and the 
addressee was at first Dean and afterwards Bishop of Kilmore. As will be seen, the 
author was present at, and sometimes took part in, the scenes which he describes ; 
and thus this manuscript constitutes a valuable piece of primary evidence as to the 
events narrated. The present letter carries the account of the transactions to a later 
date than does the Sloane MS., published in a recent number of this Journal ; and 
many of the personages mentioned in that manuscript reappear here. I have pre- 
served the original spelling, as much of the originality is lost by the substitution of 
modern English. The numbers in brackets mark the pages in the original manuscript. 
The addendum gives an interesting and valuable list of the officers engaged at the 
battle of Liscarroll.— P.D.V.] 

EVEREND SIR,— My humble service, &c I have 
sent you according to promise upon Thursday last a 
brevial of the proceedings going forward of the service 
of Mounster in the kingdome of Ireland, your brother, 
Cornett Joancs and myselfe, being comrades, and 
serving under the command of the Right Honorable 
Roger Lord Baron of Broghill, myselfe being also his 
ordship's chaplinc. I have sent you likewise a catalogue of the names 


of some of the chief commanders, and approved souldiers in that 
province, with the names also of many Castles in the County of Corke 
which are in the Protestantes possession, and those that are in the 
Rebles, and what strength they are off ; and I have here inserted and 
sent to you a copie of the Lord of Muskerries letter to the Earle of 
Barrimore, wherein hee doth pursuade his honour to consort himselfe 
with his Lordship, the which hee doth defy, for I know the Earl to be a 
man that doth abhor and detest his Lordship and the Lord Roche's 
insurrection and desperate attempt, and wisheth evill success unto their 
rebellious designes, for hee is one quern Titan finxit meliore Into. Ffirst 
concerning our service. 

1 64 1. 

The Rebles entering into the Province of Mounster committing great 
spoyle in their march Sir William Saint Leger, knight Lord President 
of the said province with 200 horse, Fryday 3 rd of December kilt 200 
of them between Clonemell and Waterford beside a great number that 
were drowned ; many prisoners were then taken whereof 40ty of the 
Ringleaders were hanged at the citty of Waterford the Munday following. 

Thursday the seventh of December. — My Lord President gave me 
notice the Rebles had robbed the Lord Arch Bishop of Cashell and driven 
away his Graces cattle and flock from his Pallace of Casnus (Camus). 
Made after them and found some of the said cattle in the Bawne of a 
gentleman not far from Cashell whereuppon his Lordship caused the 
Rebles houses to be fired and sent the gentleman to Clonemell Gayle, 
after which time wee were indifferent quiett until Baron Loghmore and 
Captain Grave's souldiers came into our company and stole the cattle 
and pillaged as they went, their stealthes and villanyes they committed 
were commonly in the night for the most part. Most of their Armes 
were halfe pikes and [2] sleanes ; not long after their coming in this 
thievish kind of way, but most of the Papists in our Barony of 
Cundans consorted themselves with them and robbed their next neigh- 
bours, and killed such as did withstand them without any regard of 
former intamatory of love, or tyes of favours don them and anncient 
acquaintance ; which made all the Protestantes in those partes to fly to 
castles for the safety of their p.sons and lives, or run away to some 
Post Towne or to the next strength adjoining and leave all they had 
with them. 

My honourable Lord, the Lord of Broghill aforesaid, hearing of 

these cow-stealers and the cruelty of the Cundans sent his troop of horse 

The English amongst them. But we could not make any great execution 

army assemble at that tyme by reason of command which came the next 

day (being the first day of Ffebruary) from our honourable 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 29 I 

Generall the Lord president aforesaid to meet in Kildorrary in Sir 
William Ffenton's Countrey where all the English force and strength of 
the County of Corke were in field ^but those that lay garison) ready to 
encounter with the Lord Mungarrett, Don Boyne, Castle Connell, 
Ikerin, Baron Loghmore, and their great army of Rebles. 

We continued in the field at Kildorrary aforesaid two dayes and two 
nights expecting their coming, according to promise and their many 
threatenings, but they did not dare to come to us, or fight with us then, 
for wee had a daynty Champion Countrey which doth much antipathize 
their cowardly natures, they fight and deale altogether upon advantages, 
they will have woods and boggs to second them or they will not fight can 
they any way shun it. 

They marched to the Towne of Kilmallock in the County of Lim- 
bricke, where 1 heard the Lord Mungarrett was loveingly received by 
the Townsmen with the rest of his discontented gentlemen for they used 
the English very courfcly that lived in those partes and others that had 
occasion to deale and commerse with them. 

The third clay of Ffebruary the Lord President, the Earl of Barri- 
more, the Lord of Dungarvane, my Lord of Broghill and Sir William 
Courtney marched towards the Redshard to have given 
English army tne enemy a meeting, the Redshard is the receptacle for 
against the the Rebells of those partes, it is as daungcrous a place for 
woods and boggs as any in Ireland, it lycth in Sir Edward 
FitzHarris his country not farre from the Towne of Kilmallock. 

The aforesaid Lords, Sir, to my own knowledge went with a full 
intent and purpose to have given [3] the Rebell's great Army a crash, and 
I dare say they had, had our Armyes mett that day, for they are Lords 
of most noble mindes and couragious spirritts. Their very names are a 
mighty terror unto the Rebells, they are all four of them approved 
souldiers, they will endure much hardnefse, cold and hunger, w ppon my 
oodU Sir [thus in the originalj, for they did lye in the ffield without 
any tentes in snow, frost, rayne, hayle and all weathers, excellent they 
are in managing their horses, the very Rebells aknowledge that, and 
the)- say they had rather encounter and fight with three troupes of horse 
that should come newly into the land than with one of these Lord's 
troops, for their troopes and Sir William Courtney's troupe have given 
thousands of them their due desertes since the tyme they did first rebcll. 

Our lying at Kildorrary I observed in my Lord President, that I 
cannot omit his Lordship lying in the field having no pillow but the 
ground, a gentleman presented his cloake unto him beseeching his 
Honour to be pleased to rest his arme uppon it. He refused it, wishing 
him to keep it for himselfe, the weather was very cold, and for his own 


part he was better acquainted with such a kind of life than he was. The 
gentleman was easily p.suaded to leave his complament at that tyme 
for there was not the like day of snow all the last winter. My Lord 
indeed (Sir) is of a very noble and loving disposition unto his souldiers 
and likewise are the three (2) other Lords. As for my honourable good 
Lord I am confidant your brother the Coronett hath written unto you of 
his noble and sweete and kinde caryage towards us, therefore I pretaint 
to speak or write any more in that p.ticular. 

Ffryday the fourth day of Ffebruary, the Lord President hearing that 
the Lord Mungarrett intended with his army to come to his Lordship's 
towne of Dunnarayle, his Lordship caused our army to march to the 
mountaynes foote, alias Ballihoura, three miles from the 
marches to sa ^ Towne, to the north, to prevent their coming, wee 
meet Lord quartered there that night Satturday and Sunday night, 
near Doneraile Munday the seventh day of Ffebruary my Lord seeing their 
delayes were but to get armes and ammunition and a strong 
party marched towards the [4] Towne of Kilmallock and plundered the 
countrey for they were most Rebells in those partes. The Lord Mun- 
garrett kept close in the Towne and dared not fight with us. We could 
at that tyme have made up but a thousand armed men, besides our 
troupes of horse, we had made a period of Mungarretts Rebellion, and 
of all those that were then out in the Countyes of Corke and Limbricke. 
Wee, seeing wee could do no execution uppon them, returned to our old 
Quarters. There was good service done in our marche by our scoutes 
and by the Provest Marshall, Captayne Peasely and his horse. 

Sir John Browne knight, Lieur-tennant Carleton and my selfe, with 

four other gentlemen which did ride abroad as scoutes to discover the 

enemy took prisoner Miles FitzHarris Esquire and his 
Miles Fitz- . 

harris, Esqre., man as they were riding to Kilmallock unto the Lord of 

taken prisoner, Mungarrett, who had sent for him to have him made 
"threescore Governor of the said Towne, as did appear by his Lord- 
pounds for his ship's letter which was found in FitzHarris his pockett, was 
found also with him the articles and covenants which the 
[5] Priests and ffryars sweare the people to observe and mayntayne to 
the losse of their goods and lives. I know you have seen a copy of 
these, therefore I forbeare to mention them, hee being a little threatened 
by some of our company promised threscore pound for his ransome, the 
which he sent his man personally for unto his castle ; it was very 
welcome for money was very scarce amongst us, but my Lord President 
coming presently up with the Army and hearing FitzHarris his answere 
truely waying the cause and his former curyage and service since the 
rebellion of others in the country upon his faythfull promise then made 

REBELLION I 64 1-2. 293 

of his future loyalty, caused the said money to be restored and sett him 

Two days after FitzHarris' setting at liberty the Lord Mungarrett 

and his preat Army, the like whereof was never seen in 
Lord ° .... 

Mountgarret's Minister, came unto us at Ballahoura aforesaid and in their 

army. march tooke the castles of Ballahey and Dods Castle was 

yielded to them uppon quarter for which the Lord President was highly 

offended with the Counstable of the said Castle, but his Lordship is mer- 

cifull to all Protestants though he much hates a coward. 

The first of Mungarrett's huge multitude and many pikes which made 
as great a show as a spacious wood adjoyning to them nothing daunted 
the aforesaid Lords and Captaynes nor any of their troupers, for I protest 
unto you there was not a man in our army but had a desire to have 
fought with them, and the rather because wee expected them long, and 
suffered many of us much want, yet I dare say they were twenty for one 
Odds enough they had, yet they durst not descend the hill, and come 
unto us in the playne wee did encampe [6] not much above 
muskett shott from them ; we had not any of our foot companyics in 
the field that day, they were all in the Townc of Mallow, five miles from 
our Campe, to which place my Lord President thought good to make 
his repayre, it being almost night and the countrcy people were flocking 
into Mungarrett's Army. 

When we came to Donnorayle my Lord President left Lieur-tucnant 

The Lord John Downing to keep and defend the castle with fifty 

President shott which kept it faithfully (Lieur-tuenant Downing is a 

marches to 

Mallow and stout p:y man [</j>. pretty manj and one that hath don good 

Cork, service). Wee made no other stay but presently marched 

on our way to Mallow where we quartered that night. 

The next day my Lord President with his troupe, the Lord of 
Dungarvane and some of the foote companyes marched to the Citty of 
Corke, his Lordship thought it the best policy to make good the port 
Townes and strong Holds. 

The Earl of Barrimore with his troupe, my Lord of BroghiU's troupe 
and the remaynder of the foote companyes marched towards the port 
towne of Yoghall and did save at Mallow, for Mr. William Dam; 
and for the English in those partes, what cattle we could, and brought 
them with us to the Earl of Barrimore's Castle, at Castle Lyons, The 
next day the companyes that marched to Voughall drove them there, 
and relieved the Towne beside. Many of them were transported from 
this kingdom which I conceive to be an act of Charity in the said Earle 
ami ought highly to be commended. 

My Lords troupe marched home to Lismorc, within four or five days 


wee came home. Newes was brought unto my Lord that the Rebles 
of Cundans countrey had robbed and pillaged divers of our neighbour- 
hood where uppon his Lordship was very much displeased, and caused 
fifty horse and thirty musketeers to be made ready and he roade in p. son 
to their place of rendavouze. When wee came neere Leiur-teunant Poore's 
castle wee descryde a Troupe of Horse to the number of three score 
or more there about, wee made up unto them with all speede, but they 
tooke the advantage of the ground, and kept under a quick sett hedge, 
and placed some musketeers in a ditch adjoyning which made some few 
shot unto us, but did us no hurt. We no sooner came over the said 
ditch but we perceaved twelve coulers no souldiers with them but the 
Ensignes. Their army lay at the bottom of the hill, but uppon notice 
given them of our approach, they suddenly made up unto their coulers 
(for they are nimble swift footmen, they usually march as fast as their 
horse). As soon as they came unto their coulers, they fell into ranckes 
and files and made as neat and warlike a body as ever Rebles did make 
in Ireland for the quantity of men they had. Their number of foote was 
1500 well armed, beside the country people that followed the arm}'. 
My Lord charged them home and made their horse retreat unto their 
foote. Their army durst not advance a long tyme seeing his Lordship's 
stout resolution, by which means we saved our foote. 

At length Colonell or Captaine Butler came out from the army and 

desired to parlee with us, where uppon a gentleman of our troupe, one 

[7] Smithy, roade unto him, and as soon as he came neare 

Parley with Butler asked him when my Lord did intend to give them 

one of the ' ° 

rebel captains. Battle. Hee made answer he could not resolve him, but 

hee thought it was a very unreasonable motion, considering 
our handful of men unto their multitude, and hee made known unto him 
that my Lord when he came forth was informed they were but a com- 
pany of cow-stealers and had he any way known of their great army he 
would have come better provided, yet he thought we were able to 
encounter with them, and so departed from him ; only telling him it was 
his best course to returne home with his army the way hee came and 
hee doubted not but Gerrald of Coolissline would furnish them with 
boates to carry them over the Blackwater and entertayne them as 
formerly. Butler made answer, that was not their intent, they came not 
over to that end, but hee did hope they would do better service before 
they did depart the country. My Lord uppon Smithyes returne and 
answere had a full intent to have fought with them, but his Lordship was 
p.suaded to the contrary by some noblemen of the company and the 
PortrirTe of the Towne of Lismorene, Bryan Cavernor, an honest religious 
man, and one that hates Popery. 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 295 

That night the enemy marched to the Towne of Tallow. The next 

day they sett about the taking of a strong house called Balllanker, in 

.. , . which house was a gentleman, one Croker and his wife, with 

Murder of 

Croker and his three or four men more, they defended it manfully untill 

family by the their powder and shott was spent ; they killed and wounded 

many of the Rebells, but seeing they could no longer 

maigntayne fires with them yeelded uppon quarter. [8]. But Captayne 

Ffennell most p.fidiously caused the said Croker the next day to be shott 

in cold bloud as they say and the poore men to hang each other in a 

field, adjoyning to the said house which I think all marshal! men and 

souldiers will iudge to be a most barbarous inhumane act, therefore I 

cannot but note him with a blacke cole though a disconted gentleman as 

hee termes himself. 

The day following they beseiged us at Lismore, but in the morning 

before their coming, there came four companyes uppon the other side of 

us, which took boat at Affanc ; Corporal ffoucks and some 

Exciting other of our troupe which were out abroad as scoutes disco- 

encounter .... , . 

between vered them, and not knowing of their number of men, but 

"Ffennell' and thinking they had been onely but cowstealers and pillagers 
Downing." made up to them, and discharged at Captayne ffennell, he 
bringing up their army, or rather raged regiment, and 
Ffennell likewise unto him. In the squirmish FfcnnelPs horse was shott, 
where uppon word was brought to the Towne that Corporal 1 Ffoucks 
was kil'd. Coronett Downing hearing of it lead some few other gentle- 
men they presently made unto them. The Coronett being a bold man 
and of a very forward spiritt, roade up close to Ffennell and discharged 
his carbine at him. Ffennell having gotten a fresh horse, hee mist him, 
but as the Comett wheeled about one of Ffennells choyce shott an old 
fowler which did usually runne by his horse side, with his fowling piece, 
shott him in the back through his armour and bod)- which made him 
presently fall from his horse. Your brother, Coronett Joanes, that now 
is in his place seeing him fall, shot at Captainc Ffennell and likewise hee 
[9] to him againe. They made two or three shott each to other ; your 
brother having discharged his carbine and pistolls, unsheathed his sword 
and challenged the Captayne to fight with him, when the shott from 
their army came flying about his ears, but their great Captayne refused 
it and retreated to the army ; your brother brought off the Coronett's 
horse in despite of them all ; their was one of our men more kil'd in the 
fight ; their corps could not possibly be brought off by us. they played 
so fast uppon us with their shott. 

What number of men were killed one their side we could not learne, 
in regard they were masters of the ffield. 


That night they quartered in the Schoole-house and the Almes-house 

Tl • b Is be- °f Lismore, and in other houses in the Towne, which were 

seige Lismore out, and free from shott of the Castle ; their centinells 

which were in the churchyard had a welcome with some 

shott from a Turrett of the Castle. 

The next day a gentleman one Bayline, came to the Castle with a 
Drummer before him, and made known unto my Lord, that his Generall's 
Its surrender pleasure was, that his honour would be pleased to surrender 
demanded by the Castle unto him before such tyme as there was any 
m " great effusion of bloud made, for his full intent and 

purpose was to have it ; and if his Lordship would yield it up quietly 
he should have a safe convoy for himself, and for all such as did 
belong unto him to Yoghall or Corke or unto any other Port Towne in 
the Province. 

My Lord told him he was not acquainted with such kind of 
languadge, and that for his own parte he was resolved to live and dye in 
the Castle, and he thought all the men he had would doe the like in 
defending and mayntayning it against his pretended Generall, and all 
others that could assault it, and wished him to take that for an absolute 
answerre, so Mr. Bayline onely drank three or four glasses of wine and 
aqua-vite and departed. 

My Lord is a vigalant man, hee placed good guards and strong 
watch uppon every place of the Castle and Courte, and none but such as 
were men of trust, and likewise uppon every quarter of the garden and 
gate, though his Lordship watched himself [10] three nights together 
encouraging his souldiers and seeing they might not want things fitting 
nor any of the poore people of the Towne and countrey which came to 
the Castle for the safety of their lives. 

My honourable Lady was newly brought to bedd of a child, other- 
wise I daresay she would likewise have watched in p.son, 
La^BroeWH f° r sne 1S a ^ a dy that truely fears God, abhors and detests 
Rebles, and I know but few men in the land will shoot off 
a fowling peece better or neerer the marke than her Ladyship. 

My Lord was not forgetfull of the dead corps of Coronett Downing, 
but sent his Trumpeter, one John Downing and others to the enemyes 
army for it. They gave leave for the bringing of it to the Towne, but 
wished withall that no minister should bury him, for hee dyed one of 
their religeon a Roman Catholike, wherin I am p.suaded and partly know 
they wronged him highly, for he had at the very first shott, his death 
wound, and after that he was not sensible of anything they said or did 
unto him ; I buryed him in the Cathedrall church of Lismore, and as he 
was layed into the ground, he had a volley of shott given him by our 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 297 

souldiers in the church yard mauger the eares of those proud Popish 
priests and Rebles that quartered in the Townc. 

Captayne Broadrige, who is Captayne of the Castle under my Lord 
is a man of an undaunted spirritt a faythfull honest man, and one that 
hath acted the part of a brave Commander especially when the Rebles 
were in the Towne. Your brother the Coronett and hee are intimate 
loving friends. I think you know him therefore I forbear to write any 
more of him at this tyme. 

[11] My Lord, Sir, being both young and active, thought of a way to 
fight this dommaneering yet cowarde and fearfull army. The way was 
this : Hee caused all the Ordnance, Murderers, Harquebusses, MuskeUs, 
Carbines, and pistolls, that were in the Castle to be shott off at once, and 
with the same sent them word by a man home [</j> whom] my Lord did 
most confide in, that the English army was come to the Towne, for we 
heard they had intercepted the Earle of Corke's letters, which his Lord- 
ship sent of the landing at Yoghall of Colonell Lanester. This 
sudden noyse and thundering shott, did strike such terror into the 
heartes of those guilty and wicket p.sons, that they presently furdled up 
Flieht and their coulors and runne away to the Blackwater to take 
slaughter of boate at Affane, where they came over for the most parte 
of them. Many runne a contrary way, I believe they never 
saw their coulors again but this day ; we pursued them with fifty horse 
or thereabout and killed many of them, and many wee tooke prisoners 
who had very bad musketts and pikes, the Captayne of the last company 
that took boate, one Prendergrace escaped us very narrowly hee left his 
stately mantle behind him and was fayne to trust to his nimble heeles, 
that commonly proved their best defence. I heartily wish wee had a 
considerable number of men there for their sakes. Wee took from them 
two hundred and fifty head of cattle most of them were oxen and cowes 
of the English breed wee took also six or seven hundred sheepe a great 
many horses and garrons, all which they had stolen in the country from 
Prices of Englishmen ; you might the next day have bought in 

cattle, horses, Lismore a good cowc for eighteenpence, a garron for five- 
etc- pence, and a sheepe for threepence. YYe took likewise [12] 

their wagons, and a number of scaling ladders, that five or six at once 
might go up abreast, they are in the Castle at Lismore at this da)-. And 
thus by the Providence of God as the Primary efficient, and the forecast 
and manhood of this honourable Lord the subordinate instrument, those 
Rebles were shamefully chased away, the Castle preserved, and many 
hundreds of poore people women and children for the most part that did 
fly there for succour escaped their furey and not so much as one of them 


The next da}- wee did make them sensible of their errors in the 
Towne and country that did consort themselves with them. 

Within 5 or 6 dayes wee had put those Rebles to flight, newes came 
unto my Lord, that the Lord President, the Earle of Barrimore, the Lord 
~, of Dungarvane, Sir William Courtney,Colonell Lanester and 

The army ° ' J ' 

unites at what forces could well be spared from the Port Townes and 

Lismore, and c ast | es wou id a n mee te at Lismore the second day of March 

marches J 

towards and so quarter there that night, and the next day march to 

Dungarvan. ^ Q Towne of Dungarvan which was p.formed accordingly. 

My Lord road to Castle Lyons to meet the Lord President and 
brought his Lordship home with him which was taken very loveingly 
and in good part ; uppon our march between Lismore and Castle Lyons 
their were killed divers of the Rebles, wee took the Castle of Turbeath, 
which Mr. Richard Cundane had formerly taken from Mr. Osborne's 
servantes and burnt all the houses in Cundane's countrey and this side of 
the Blackwater, there were also taken some few prisoners, most of the 
Gentlemen of the countrey were at the Towne of Killurd, alias Ffleete- 
woods plantation, uppon the other side of the water. 

[13] Wednesday the third day of March wee our army marched from 
Lismore towards the Towne of Dungarvane killed some in the way, took 
many prisoners, and burned all the Cabins in the countrey. My Lord 
President's troupe and my Lord's troope marched some 4 or 5 miles 
before the army ; when we came near Sir Richard Osborne's Castle, about 
three miles from Dungarvane, wee saw seven companyes with their 
coulors displayed, nigh opposite unto us, only a river between us and a 
little bogg, wee made all possible speede wee could to a ford to gett 
over the river that wee might gett before them, to keep them from 
marching home to the Towne, but they marched on exceeding fast pace 
insomuch that wee were no sooner in the ford but they were within 
muskett shott of us and discharged at us, the river was so deep that our 
horses were enforced to swime, wee seeing what advantage they had of 
us, wheeled about and came foorth out of the river, and galloped up to 
another foorde a mile from it, and passed over safe, before such time as 
they could make unto us, they seeing we had gotten before them fell 
into a body close by a wood side a little more than muskett shott of us 
wee braved each other a while, at length wee made towards them, they 
seeing our carbines all ported and my Lord and Captayne Bridges 
Colonefse and discrying with all our army presently furdled up their 
coulors and fled with all haste towards the passage of Yoghall and to 
caves in the wood, there were many of them taken and killed in their 
fiight, and many more their had byn, had not the woods and boggs byn 
their especiall friends. 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 299 

Tt ,, L „. That night the Lord President and the rest of the Lords 

Halt at Sir ° 

Richard Os- lay [14] at Sir Richard Osborne's Castle, and our army 

homes Castle. q uar tered betweene the Castle and the Towne. Our scoutes 

took that night a gentleman and his man which were riding to Dungar- 

vane, but hanging prevented them. 

Thursday morning being the 4th day of March our army, between 

„ eight and hyne of the clock came close before the Towne 

uungarvan & J 

taken and of Dungarvane, wee took it within three hours fight and 

burned. burned most of the houses which were theatched and burnt 

likewise a stately stone house well slatted of one Mr. Iloares, adjoyning 

to the Towne. There were divers gentlemen and others that escaped 

over the strand a horseback, the water being then fordablc for it was the 

beginning of the floud. 

My Lord President p.ceeveing it, caused a squadron of the best shott 

to make to the strand with all haste, which killed many of the Rebles, 

notwithstanding many escaped, where-uppon my Lord caused a part)' of 

Horse of every troupe to be chosen out to ride to the other side of the 

river and burne the Towne uppon that side and kill as many as came 

over, wee were fort}' horse uppon that service, Captayne George Welch, 

who is now in this City was with us and behaved himself valiantly and 

did good service, to my ovvne knowledge for I was an eye witness unto 

it. Wee burned the Towne on that side the strand according unto our 

directions, there were killed by our party of horse some fifty, and I think 

there were killed and hanged the like number on the other side of the 

Towne, and in the Towne were many killed which were thrown into the 

sea. There is not any one man I dare say can tell certainly how many 

were killed and drowned, some say 200 some 300 and some 400 but I am 

of the opinion 200 were the most that were slayne ; at night our forty 

horse returned to the Towne one the other side and quartered there: 

those that were in the Castle stood out and shott at us, they killed \ of 

c. , , our men and hurtcd three or four more, that was all thi 

Sir John 

Browne and hurt one our side. [15] Sir John Browne was shott from 

wounded. the Castle through the coat in many places with slugs and 

quarter shott, yet hurtcd not his bod)', he is a dainty brave spirited 

Gentleman and one the Reblcs do much dread. 

„. Saturday morning the f>th of March they yeelded the 

1 he army J ° J ' 

returns to Castle in the Towne, to depart uppon this quarter, to march 

Lismore. away like souldiers their coulors flying, and their bagpipes 

before them, the which was granted them and p.formed accordingly. 
My Lord was noble in his promises and would not take an example by 
their kind of quarter, but I believe the}- had not had so good quarter, 
could wee have gotten any good place to have quartered our horses in, 


they could not have stood out long for our shott kept them from water : 
They that were in the Castle and the other side of the Tovvne had 
quarter to depart onely with their lives and wearing cloathes. There was 
great store of pillage taken in the Towne by our souldiers and a good 
quantity of excellent Spanish Iron which was brought about to Yoghall 
in Mr. Williams' pinnace, the same day the Castles were yeelded, wee 
returned to Lismore with victory and spoyle and we burned all the 
Rebles corne in our march and that was in those partes — killed many of 
the Rogues that were their spyes in the country. 

Six or seven of our troupes, that went foorth in morning as scoutes 
and to burne some cabines mett with some pillage, the enemy surprized 
them, and killed two or three of them, Lieur-tennant Poore with eight or 
nyne troops took a castle three miles from the towne of Dungarvane. 
He is a very honest gentleman and one that hath mayntayned his Castle 
of Ballagarren in despite of those bands of the Rebles for Captayne 
Butler and Captayne Ffennell with three or four other Captaynes 
beseiged him at once beside the country people. 

Satturday night, Sunday, and Sunday night our army quartered at 
Lismore and at the Towne of Tallow two miles from it. [16] 

Monday morning being the seventh day of March we marched to 
The army Castle Lyons, and in our march wee had routed the Rebles 

marches to in Cundans countrey, had not my Lord President heard of 
Castle Lyons. Sir Do nagh McCarty, Lord of Muskryes rebellion. We 
quartered that night at Castle Lyons, the Earl of Barrimore's towne, his 
Honour gave the Lords Commanders and common souldiers noble enter- 
taynment, he is of a most noble generous free nature, full of humanity, 
and Christian charity and no less pious and truely vertuous,he hath sermons 
in his chapel duely [gy.] twice a day, Sundayes, Wednesdayes and Fridayes. 

His Lordship received all the English that were robbed and stripped 

, irT , , in Lord Roche's and Cundons countrey, and his Right 
" Urbanus s J ° 

wife and chil- Honourable and religeous Countess cloathed a great many 
dren robbed, f them and amongst the rest my wife and children who were 
robbed and stripped in the said countrey, when the great 
and strong castle of Cloghleagh was yeelded up unto Mr. Richard Cun- 
dane, wherein were most of the inhabitants of the markett Towne of 
Killurd, and some of the inhabitants of the markett Towne of Clogheene 
and Ffermoy and divers of the parishioners of Letrim[^j/.]and Clandullane, 
all which the said Earle kept along tyme in his castle, and afterwards 
sent his troupe with them and convayed them safe to Yoghall ; I hope 
his loyalty, good service and charity expended on those and many hun- 
dreds more of distressed Protestants will not long go unrewarded, how 
ever I am confident he shall have an everlasting- reward. 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 301 

There are at least forty familyes uppon his Lordship's care and 
charge at this day which were robbed and pillaged out of all they had, 
his Lordship hath had many invitations and letters from the Lord of 
Muscry and the Lord Roch and other gentlemen cf the countrey to 
joyne with them, which his Honour detcsteth and scornes, the copie of 
the Lord of Muscryes letter I have [17] here inserted. 

Lord Muskerrys Letter to the Earl of Barramore. 
"My deare Lord 

Uppon the first rising in armes of the Ulster men and after of Leinster and 
Connaght men, against the King and Commonwealth, as I then conceived, I do con- 
fesse, I did as much abhor and detest their insurrection, and wished as evill successe 
to that their desperate attempt as I took it as either English or Irish could wish, untill 
at length uppon better consideration having examined all the wayes I could for finding 
out the true grounds of that insurrection I found out the cause of their discontent and 
rising in armes was the apparent ruin and destruction threatened to Catholick Religion, 
King and countrie, which I do not altogether believe to be the grounds of their quarrell 
till I saw all Mounster either rise or ready to rise out, whereat I was so much amazed 
that I did most seriously expostulate with all or the most part of the Province of 
Mounster, then with the rest to dive into the true cause of their discontent : who all 
protested that they wished no harm to the King of England nor any English what- 
soever : but that apprehending a general fear of prosecution, ruin and destruction to 
Religion, King, and Countrie they were fearfull and sensible thereof, that they held it 
more safe and honourable for them to expose their lives and fortunes, to all hazards for 
justification of these three, than to be of the happiest conditions without assurance of 
enjoying them ; which reasons so prevayled with me that I have ioyned with the rest 
of the Kingdom with a full resolution to hazard my life and estate or mayntayne the f 18] 
Catholick Roman Religion, his Majesties prerogatives and Royal 1 attributes to the 
Government and ancient prvaliges of the poore Kingdome of Irelande, established and 
allowed by the Common Lawe of England : 

My lord, these three poyntes are so reasonable that I doubt not but your Lordship 
(if you believe that they are the cause of our quarrell) will rather further them than 
offer to hinder our present designs, for the first it is so cleare that I will not argue it : 
the second I know your Lordship will advance and iustify to your power as much 
as any subject can doe, and without the benefit of the third there is no living for your 
Lordship or your posterity in this poore countrie, and if your Lordship doe believe 
this to be the true motives and grounds of our discontent, the least of them is enough 
to invite your Lordship to ioyne with us, in so honest and honourable an action ; when 
if you should thinke to be remisse or refractory, our forces are ready, and have vowed 
to endeavour the destruction, both of your life and estate, if your Lordship doubt of the 
truth and honesty of our quarrell and the cause thereof, wee shall be ready and very 
glad to give you all satisfaction therein and if you please to give creditt to particular 
relation, I protest uppon my creditt there is no worldly respect could make mc forget t 
my loyalty to his Majestie, My Lord, as well as I wish your Lordship (and although 
I have used all my endeavours to keepe my kinsmen and adherents from going into your 
countery) if you come not presently and joyne with us, you must expect present mine, 
and though I were resolved not to stirre nor ioyne with the countrey as I have done I 
have such burning and killing [19] of men, women and children, without regard of age 
or quality, that I expect not safety for myself having observed innocent men and well 


deservers as my selfe so used, and to show that this our demonstration is faithfull and 
honest, these three conditions being granted and well assured unto us, wee are satisfyed 
and will laye downe our armes. 

Thus expecting your Lordships pleasure 

I am, your Lordships affectionate kinsman 

brother and servant. 


17 Mautii 1641." 

Thursday the eighth of March, my Lord President and Colonell 
Lanester and their forces, marched from Castle Lyons to the cittey of 
Corke, and they gott into the citty in good tyme, for the 
President Lord of Mouskery had waysted his countrey and was very 

marches to strong. The strongest castle his Lordship hath, wherein 
he usually liveth is with in three miles of the citty : the 
name of it is Castle Blarney. 

The Irish in those partys say it is one of the strongest castles in 

Ireland, I have byn often in it and I find it to be a place 
Description of r , , t 

Blarney Castle. of S reat strength ; 

The Late Lord, Sir Charles McCartee built two or 
three walls about the said castle and walled the garden with very strong 
walls and turrets with battlements and contrived many plans of defence, 
I could hartily wish our English army were the owners of it: 

I had almost forgotten to acquaint you how my Lord of Broghill, 
took Roches Castle of the Towreene niere Lismore and caused the 
country [20] people to go forward in ploughing their land, which I con- 
ceive to be very good service ; 

The Lord of Killenmeaky hath don very great service of late in the 
west partes of the County of Corke, and about the Towne of Bandon- 
bridge, took the castle of Kilbrittayne, McCartee Reaughes chiefe castle 
the castle of Pollalong and divers others strong houses, and plundered 
the cuntrey: 

I know you cannot but have a true relation of it being here, and 
many in the citty which went with his Lordship in the said service in 
taking of the Short Castle of Mallow. Mungarrett lost seven score of 
his men and there were not above 9 shott defended the said castle. 
They kept it so stoutly that after the enemy had made a breech or two 
they gave them quarter which was p.formed accordingly by the Lord 
Mungarrett, contrarie to the Lord Roche's minde, as I have byn in- 
formed, how ever it was I am assured there was a great falling out 
betweene the two Lords, and many of the Lord Roche's men killed in 
the broyle. Twenty men killed and hurted of his Lordships at the least, 
as the souldiers reported that were there, and to end the difference they 
burnt a great part of the spoyle which was in the said Short Castle. 

REBELLION I 64 I -2. 503 

The Cundons doe much mischief near Ffermoy and Castle Lyons, 
they killed at one tyme three and twenty of the Earle of Barrimore's 
troopes, that roade to Coole an English plantation about a mile from the 
Towne to fetch corne, it was a most barbarous cruell murder, I trust the 
allseeing eye of the Almighty will not suffer it goc long unpunished : 

To acquaint you, Sir, with the overthrow we [21] gave the Lord of 
Muskery near Corke with 500 musketeers, and a hundred fifty horse, 
and how his Lordship's tent was taken there by our souldiers, and his 
armour for his owne body, would be true though stale newes : for I am 
sure you have seen part of the passages in print. 

The Lord of Muskery escaped with life very narrowly at that tyme. 
Narrow * heard when his Lordship came home to the Blarney he fell 

escape of Lord out very sore with his Lady for p.suading him to ioyne 
Muskerry. w j^ ^ Q coun ^ re y m their rebellious actions and desperate 


Great O'Donovane, as the Irish call him, whose father was a most 
notorious Rebel, doth much spoyle about the Leape, Castlehevane, 
Bantry,Rossecarbery and divers other places ; his father burnt the Towne 
of Rosse the last warrs, and he or his souldiers most inhumanely killed a 
daughter of the old Lord Bishop Lyons that was both deafc and dumb. 
Yet he came in uppon his p.tection and saved his lands. I believe this 
O'Donavane doth hope hee shall have the like ffavour and my neighbours 
the Cundons as the Arch-Rebel their grandfather had : but I doubt not 
but they are mightily mistaken ; for there will never any Englishman 
that is a Protestant dwell neare them, I am p.suaded let them p.fess 
what love and loyalty they will hereafter. 

O'Sulliavane-Beere, Teige O'Dounce, fflorence McCartee of the 
castle of Banduffe, Black O'Cullane and' other (Tree holders near I 
ioyne their forces together and have taken great store of pillage and 
robbed the English about the Bantrey, Kilcoe, Affadowne, Balledahab- 
Landore, Cloghnakilty and Inniskeane, Castletowne alias Poldonstowne, 
the Towne of Rosse and all those partes. 

The Rebles have made a slaughter house of the Cathedral church of 

Rosse, and daylv kill their cowes and sheepe in it. My 
" Urbanuss J ' 

father living (father came lately over and makes known so much, he 
at Rosse. (0 ^atii n VC( j ; n t j ie sa j c j Towne thirty years and more, and 
hath byn a good part of the tyme Treasurer of the said church. [22]. 

Master Arthur fifreake and my father-in-law, Thos. B yie, with 
others the inhabitants of Rosse, have very manfully and bravely 

CO Ross-Carbery, county Cork; his father was the Rev. Louis Vigors, and bis 
sons were Urban, Thomas, George, ami Bartholomew, d.d., bishop of Leighlin and 


defended the Castle of Rosse, Rathbarry, near Rosse, in despete of all 
the Rebles doinges, and have done very good service against them. 

They now want Bread, beare and other provisions, for their store was 
long since exhausted, they have no beare in the Castle these fourteen 
weeks ; but by help of a logh which doth almost mote the castle round 
they live, though poorely. 

I have a sonne in the said castle, and there are many women and 
children in it, it is a Hold of great consequence, therefore I hope their 
will be a course taken that it may speedely bee releived. 

Bandon Bridge men I heare desire some aide for the enemy doth 
now begin to grow strong in those partes and victualls is very scarce 
in the Towne. 

The English inhabitants and souldiers that are in the Castles of 
Macollop, BalladufFe, Mungeely, and Kilmacow, neere the Towne of 
Tallow, have don good service ; and mayntayned those holds stoutly 
and bravely, the enemy trembles at the very name of Captayne Pyne, 
Carter, Russell, Jackson, and Curdry, who are the cheife commanders of 
those Castells and also at the naming of a Minister one Mr. Robert 
Crewes who is in Macollop Castele, the common sort of Irish say 
cuniunes (conjures) amongst them. 

Cloghleagh Castle and Dungullane Castle, the enemy still mayntaynes 
and keepes, they are two very strong castles, but they want water both 
of them. Daniell McShane 6'Bryan is captayne of Dungullane Castle, 
he hath a company of desperate naughty ffellows about him, they came 
to a gentleman a parishioner of myne whose land lyeth in Letrim, one 
James Fitz Gerald who is now maryed unto the Lord of Muskery's aunt 
and p.suaded him to leave his thatched house in Letrim and goe with 
them to the said Castle of Dungullane, and there they would create him 
Earle of Desmond and put him in possession of all his lands, the gentle- 
man being a very weak man both of body and minde was soon p.suaded, 
and went with them, and there he is yet for anything I know to the contrary. 

I believe the gentlewoman his wife hath store of money and plate 
there with her. To my knowledge there is store of plate, brass pewter 
iron potts and ffeather beds in those two Castles and amongst the reste 
there is four of myne. 

I hope I shall see the demolishing of those castles or a strong ward 
of English in them, they are the places of refuge for the Rebles of all 
that countrey, and indeed they were the bane of the English in those 
partes and of all the travellers that passed that way, and they were the 
occasion of the death of many hundreds of Englishmen the last warrs in 
Ireland as I have byn credibly informed. 

The souldiers which doe belong unto Mr. Cundane of Kilgullane 

REBELLION 164I-2. 3O5 

Castle in the parish Marshelstown and unto Mr. Ulick Roche a chiefe 
free holder in those partes commit many out-rages and stealthes ; Sir 
William Ffenton's butler I heard killed the young Captayne Mr. Roche's 
sonne neere Michelstowne where he came in the night with his ragged 
trea (trains) to steale cowes from some of the Townesmen. 

I knew not well how the old Ulick Roche of the Castle of Balleclogh 
doth behave himselfe, there is a quondam parishioner of myne an Eng- 
lishman one Robert Nixon in the castle with him. 

The Lord Roche's Castle of Glannor is a strong place yet I heare but 
a weak ward in it, our army took his Lordship's castle of Castletowne 
lately where in was a thousand people at least his lady was in the Castle 
there, they [24] yeelded, as my ffriend Mr. Rouckhood of Corke informeth 
me uppon quarter to depart with their lives and wearing apparrell. 

Our Army took also great O'Callahane's Castle lately. 

The Lord of Inchaquin and Captayne Gipson have given of late a 
great overthrow of the Rebles 4 miles from Mallow neere the Towne of 
Brohill and the mountaynes foote. 

My Lord of Broghill relieved Sir Richard Osborne's Castle and 
brought him home with him to Lismore very lately and killed two 
hundred of the Rebels which had besieged the castle, I believe they will 
never besige that Castle any more, because they have had such ill 
success, for I was with my Lord in the beginning of March last when wee 
put many hundreds of them to flight, they had besieged it then, and 
killed many of them and took some prisoners. 

These were killed by the Lord of Inchaquin's troupe and others, they 
say for certayne that came out of the County of Corke 400 of the Rebels 
and they took 4 ensigns and 3 drummers from them, with a great deal 
of good pillage : but there is great doubt of keeping of them, if speedy 
helpe bee not presently sent over, for the Rebels are very strong in the 
County of Limbricke and have threatened not to be long away from the 
County of Corke. 

And thus hoping wee shall shortly have the victory of all the Rebles 
and a strong garrison awhile kept in every Markett Towne of any 
strength, I commend you unto God for the present and will for ever 
remayne, as I have professed myselfe to be 

Your affectionate friend and Servant to be commanded 

16 Julii 1642. 

(prtwuq ^^j 

X. x 

N.B. — The above signature is carefully copied from the original in the Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin. 




(near Kilvvorth) 

Places Named in this Letter. 

Kildorrery Clogheen 

Doneraile Coolishine (?) 

Ballyhoura Blarney Castle 

Castle Lyons Clogheenkilty 

(nr. Fermoy) Castletown 
Lismore (alias Poldenstown) 

Bandon Ballyduff 

Bantry Broghill 

Ballyhooly Liscarrol 

Balladahab Mallow 

Affadowne Dungarvan 

Killmallock Ross-Carbery 

Battle of Liscarroll. 
At page 339 of the same book is a "discourse" about the battle of 
Liscarroll and the events preceding it. 

The death of the Lord President on 2nd July, 1642. He had been long lying 
languishing ; Lord Inchiquin, his son-in-law, was appointed commander-in-chief of the 
forces in Minister. 

Colonell Sir Charles Vavasors, and the late Lord President's forces were com- 
manded (as to the Foote) by 
Lieftenant Coll. Mynn 

Sargt. Mawr Serle — Stern — Storie (com. 400 foote) Sir John Browne. 
Capts. Chudleigh, William Kingsmill, Hoell, St. Leger, Thornton, Price, Pigott, Man- 
wood, Buller, Elliott, Cupper, Oxenden, Chester. 
Lieftenant George Butler, Lt. to Sir Hards Waller. 

,, Hassett „ ,, ,, Edward Denny. 

,, Peirs Lacy „ ,, Captn. Price. 

The Horse were under The Earl of Inchiquin, Lord Dungarvan, Lord Kinalmeeky, 

Lord Broghill, Captayne Jephson, Captayne Bridges. 
Lieftenant Oxenbridge, Lieft to the Earl of Barrimore. 

,, Burgesse, do ,, Sir Win. Courtnay. 

,, Bettesworth, do „ Captn Jephson. 

Captain Thomas Cupper, of Sir John Powlett's Regt. 
Lord Kinalmeaky, killed. 
Captain Bridges dangerously wounded and only 12 killed and 20 wounded on the 

English side, and 6 or 8 horses. 
The Rebels lost 800 killed and an immense number wounded. 
Colonel Richard Butler, Captain Butler, Ensign Butler and Ensign Booth were 
taken prisoners with many others. 

[For further details of this action see original in Library T.C.D.~\ 




By J. F. LYNCH. 

" OfTOS fi€V 6?7 utOXos (('/.aros' eKTeTeAecrrai. 

Nvv f/rre (7K077or aAAov." 

CWyj., X. 1, 5. 

"One paper have I written ; I'll venture a second." 

Translation from Old Play. 

AHERCONLISH is a small and not over thriving 
village, which has most decidedly seen better days. 
It is situated about seven miles from Limerick, on the 
edge of a great plain extending from the Shannon 
on the west, between Limerick and the Sliabh Phelim 
mountains, and following the line of these mountains 
far to the east. 

Over this plain ages ago there flowed the ocean "wide and wild," 
for in the vicinity of Caherconlish there are certain lime stone quarries 
from which the quarrymen, to their great wonder and amazement, now 
and then disentomb certain stone shells, whose denizens once sported in 
the " briny deep." 

Some of these fossil shells and plants have been occasionally handed 
to me for inspection, but I fear that the echoes of that geological lore 
which I once acquired in college, do not receive very much credence 
from the finders. Throughout this plain are scattered boulders of 
various kinds, some of very great weight. These I was taught to 
consider, in the days of my simplicity, were due to the action of ice- 
bergs, which once, geologists would have us believe, untold ages ago in 
the great Ice Age, dragged themselves slowly along over Erinn, levelling 
her lofty mountains, scooping out her deep valleys, and playfully snatch- 
ing from her jagged crags large masses of rock, carried them whither 
they would ; but I am wiser now, as I have been taught by our canny 
old folk to consider these scattered boulders simply as the casting or 
strength stones of the giants of olden time. Some little time ago. when 
conversing about these boulders with an old Scanachaidh, he directed 
my attention to the hill of Ard Gort, or High Park, a couple of miles to 
the west of Caherconlish, which he said was a very queer place, and so 
I thought it, too, when I visited it. Here are some hundreds of boulders 


of the same kind of formation as the rocky headland on which they lie, 
of all shapes and sizes, and arranged in the most varied ways, in lines, in 
circles, in heaps, and some despising the assembled company, reclining 
alone in solitary state. At the foot of this hill stretches the plain far to 
the east and north, and having just read then Mr. Kilbride's graphic 
description of the rocky strand of Aran More, imagination, that ever 
forward faculty which leads men so often astray, assailed me, and 
methought I stood on the rocky strand of an old world ocean, whose 
raging and much resounding billows caught and hurled at my feet the 
time worn rocks on which I gazed. 

But to return to Caherconlish, it was, as I have remarked, a place of 
some importance, and though there is not at present very much to stay 
any stray antiquary who may happen to come this way, and who would 
hold up his hands in wonder at my rushing to write a paper in the 
Journal on the antiquities of a place where so few visitors tread ; still a 
few moments conversation with the oldest inhabitant, who is now not far 
from his century, would undeceive him. The oldest inhabitant would 
probably inform him that Caherconlish was a very ancient city, next in 
the "ould" times to Kilmallock, in those days when Limerick was said 
to be near Kilmallock ; and also our antiquary would possibly be told 
that "Caherconlish was more renowned for fighting than for fish." In 
accordance with an old advice our friend looks around him, and seeing 
nothing but a decaying village, a roofless church (the pretty new church 
is outside the village) and a bare hill, doubtless considers that the oldest 
inhabitant may be renowned for something else beside fighting. Ah, 
my friend, be not so quick, that decaying village stands on ancient 
ground. There is very good reason for thinking, before St. Finbar built 
his little church beside the Marsh which men now call Cork, that bare 
hill was crowned by a city of the Gaeidhil, and long before, how long we 
cannot say, some warrior of our ancient race chose that hill on which to 
build his earthen fortress ; and when Donald O'Brien, the great king of 
Limerick slept — his long warfare with the Saxon o'er — William de Burgh 
came, and having dismantled the cathair, raised upon that hill his 
Anglo-Norman towers, and shortly after there grew up around these 
towers an English walled town. Now all is over, lios and cathair, and 
castle and walled town, and nought remains to tell the tale of ancient 
renown but a poor village, whose name/ 1 ' CaTJajp. Chjtnjljf, means the 
" circular stone fort built at the head of an earthen one." 

(0 Cathair is evidently connected with the Latin words castra, a "camp," and castel- 
lum, " a fort or castle." The British form is caer, which occurs in many names of 
places. Caer, Chester; Caerodon, Bristol; Caerludd, London (in Irish Longdun, "fort 
of ships"); Caerefrawg, York (in Irish Caer Ebroc) ; Caerloyw, Gloster; Caergraiont, 
Cambridge; Strumble Head, near St. David's, on Welsh coast, Pencar; Gelligaer, in 


Who were the early inhabitants of this district? The answer would 
give a reply to the much debated question as to who were the original 
inhabitants of Erinn, for this district was evidently one of the earliest 
colonised, as it is one of the richest, lying as it is on the verge of the "Golden 
Vale," whose exceeding fertility is renowned ; and though an early race 
would not care much for richness of soil, the animals which they hunted 
would, and consequently an immigrant race would soon find their way 
to the densely wooded & and rich hunting districts of Caherconlish, 
where, even at the present day, horns of the cervjis (megaceros) Hiber- 
nicus, or Irish elk, are found by the turf cutters in the bogs. If we are 
to believe Keating, Cesair, who is also known by the names of Berba 
and Eriu, had a dispute with Noah, and in consequence departed for 
Erinn with several companions, the ladies of the company far out- 
numbering the gentlemen, and the same author gives long detailed 
accounts of different tribes who came hither from time to time — Fomo- 
rians, Partholians, Nemedians, Firbolgs, Tuatha dc Danann, Cruithncans, 
or Picts, and finally the Milesians having wandered from Scythia to 
Egypt, and the land of Shinar and Spain, sailed to Erinn and divided 
it among their twelve chiefs, a thousand years B.C. Now, these tales 
are all very silly, but nevertheless they were and are still firmly believed 
in by many writers on Irish history ; even such a great and clever writer 
on Irish affairs as the Rev. Dr. Todd tries to evade the force of the 
dictum enunciated by Tighernach, who died 1088, abbot of the 
monasteries of Clonmacnoise and Roscommon, Omnia monumenta 
Scotorum usque Cimbaoth iticcrta erant, " All the historical accounts 
of the Irish prior to the reign of Cimbaoth are unreliable." Cimbaoth 
was king of Eamhain, near Armagh, three hundred years B.C. Tigher- 
nach was the most learned man of his age, and had opportunities of 
forming an opinion from old documents and traditions which now no 
longer exist. O'Curry is quite savage at Tighernach's ominous silence 
on the matter of Tara's ancient glory. The simple truth seems to be, 

the county of Glamorgan, from Gell, "seclusion;" Celli, "a bower." Yr wyff yn 
Myned I Gaerdydd, " I am going to Caerdiff" Caer in Welsh, a " wall, a fort ;" 
Caered, " the wall of a city;" Caerawg, "fenced, fortified;" Caerfa, "a stronghold;'' 
Caerwaith, "a fortification." 

(-0 On the glebe land there is a high whitethorn tree, which is a most beautiful 
sight in spring, being one sheet of blossoms which perfume the air afar. This 
" sceach " reminds one of the time when the glebe land was covered by a thick wood 
of these trees, as the townland on the west side is named Skahard, " high whitethorn 
trees." We call the whitethorn a bush in these degenerate days, but the white 
thorns of Skahard were high trees ; an old man informed me that he was told by his 
father, who saw the last three whitethorns of this wood, that they were in height and 
girth equal to ash trees of good size. So that if Arthur Young had visited Ireland 
earlier than he did, he would not have made the remark, " What a figure would Ireland 
make on a comparison with its present state, if one tree stood by every cabin." 


that instead of the harp shedding the soul of music through Tara's 
halls twelve or fifteen hundred years B.C., Tara did not exist prior to 
the third century of the Christian era. There can, however, be no 
doubt that Ireland was peopled long anterior to the Christian era. I 
have already in the Journal quoted the words of Tacitus, the Roman 
historian, to prove what a well known country Ireland was in the first 
century. " The ports of Erinn more frequented by merchants than 
those of Britain." I think, however, from the prevalence of the great 
woods, that the country was only sparsely populated for a long time. 
The people of Caherconlish have a tradition that at a time, not very 
long ago, the whole district from Caherconlish to Limerick was one big 
wood, and that a man could walk from here to Limerick on the tops of 
the trees ; the names of the hills, townlands, etc , between Caherconlish 
and Limerick, testify to the truth of the people's tradition, for if the 
trees grew in the places where the Irish names tell us they once were, 
Caherconlish would be once again in her one wood. The scattered bands 
of hunters who roamed through those thick woods had no central form 
of government (if they had any government at all) ; in those days might 
was right, and the wandering Irishman enjoyed home rule to his heart's 
content. Some writers consider the earliest inhabitants to be akin to 
the Esquimaux, or Basque race, and distinguish between them and their 
successors by the shape of the skull, the earlier race being called dolicho- 
cephalic, or " long-headed," and the later brachy-cephalic, or " round- 
headed ;" and the theory is that the long-headed fellows having not so 
much brains as the round-headed were circumvented by them, and ex- 
pelled the country, just as the round-heads of England in historical times 
overcame the cavaliers, though I forget whether these last are stated to 
have long heads or not. Huxley's authority, however, being against this 
fanciful theory ought to be sufficient to consign it to where it came from. 
In this district two races stand sharply out, the Firbolgs and another 
race, or congeries of races, who, for convenience sake, may be called 
Milesians. Another set of beings is also remembered, the Tuatha de 
Danann. There was some little time ago living in Caherconlish a land 
surveyor named MacXamara, a good Irish scholar, and known as "the 
Bright Star of Munster." He used to discourse quite eloquently on the 
wonderful skill and craft of the de Danann. Many stars, brighter than 
the " Bright Star of Munster," have solemnly discoursed on the great- 
ness of this race. Good need had they to be skilful, for they were gods 
before they became men ; but they were no more Irishmen and Irish- 
women than that Jupiter was a Roman, and Juno a Roman lady, and the 
earlier the notices of the Tuatha de Danann in the old Irish documents, 
the more clearly does this appear. 



The name of the Firbolgs is inseparably linked with these magnificent 
stone fortresses placed along our western sea board, variously called 
cathairs, duns, cashils, etc., and their position in the west seems to imply 
that the)' were erected by a race beaten in the east, and who built these 
gigantic despairing efforts, such as Dun /Enghuis in Aranmore, to 
protect themselves from the more powerful victorious tribes who had 
come to Ireland, most likely from Britain/ ;) In Ptolemy's map of Ireland 
it will be seen that the powerful tribe of Brigantes from north England 
possessed the district now included under Wicklow and Wexford, and 
it is most likely also that the river Barrow is named from the Brigantes, 
as Ptolemy calls it Birgos. The legendary account of the Firbolgs is 
very curious. To take the lowest date, for authorities differ, they are 
represented as landing in Ireland something over 1300 years B.C. They 
only possessed Ireland thirty-six years when they were conquered by 
the Tuatha de Danann, who came from Scandinavia. Those of the 
Firbolgs who escaped from the battle of Moytura South, near Cong, are 
represented as embarking from the coasts of Eohuillc, near Sligo, and 
sailing to the islands of Aran, Rachlin, Isla, Mann, Hebrides, etc. Twenty- 
seven years afterwards was fought the battle of Moytura North, between 
the Tuatha de Danann and the Fomorians, in which was slain the 
great de Danann king, Nuada Airgid-lamh, or " of the silver hand," by 
Balor " of the stiff blows." The Four Masters give the date of this battle 
as A.M. 3330. Nothing, I think, shows more plainly the wide margin of 
years of which we may avail ourselves with respect to these legendary 
events than the fact that the writer of the article on Ireland in the 
Encyclopedia- Britannica, who, I think, was the late president of Queen's 
College, Cork, Dr. Sullivan, is inclined to identify the Fomorians with the 
Romans. Sir William Wilde, in LougJi Corrib, gives it as his opinion 
that it was after the battle of Moytura South those grand forts in Aran 
were erected by the Firbolgs ; and Dr. Todd also falls into the same error 
when he states that the Irish traditions derive the name of Magh Adhair, 
count}- Clare, from Adhar, son of Umor, a chieftain of the Firbolgs, who, 
he says, settled in the present counties of Clare and Galway before the 

(3) TheGangani, from ganga, "a river," who held lands north of the Vellebori, between 
the rivers Dur and Iernus, had a cape named from them in Wales, Cape of the 
Gangani. The Manapii were also a tribe common to Belgie Gaul, and Erinn. Between 
them and the Brigantes were the Coriondi, these probably the Cruithneans or Picts. 
O'Curry quotes from the Dinnseanchus to the effect that the Cruithneans on their 
arrival in Ireland 1000 years B.C. helped Crimhthann Sciath-bcl, one of Erinmn's 
chiefs, to expel a British tribe from Wexford. And it is interesting to find the British 
tribe Brigantes and the Picts side by side in Ptolemy's map compiled in the second 
century of the Christian era. My idea is that the Picts and Milesians were one and 
the same. See Dr. Joyce's Irish Xat/ies for many places in Ireland, named from the 
Picts who came from Pictones in Gaul. Milesian means " warrior, " the Latin miles. 
Tara is not marked in Ptolemy's map. 


arrival of the Milesians in Ireland, that is, iooo years B.C. Dr. Todd 
has simply confused the date of the second coming of the Firbolgs to 
Ireland with that of their previous departure thirteen hundred years 
before (Introd. to Wars G. G. p. 113). The Irish traditions represent 
the Firbolgs as returning from the western islands of Scotland in the 
first century of the Christian era, having been expelled from those islands 
by the Picts, and obtaining settlements in Meath from the king. 

21er)5ur tt)4c umojn. 4r)4ll, 
4)0 y)-c>e\) )=4 nj4c corj4ll, 
)\' t>o cljoodU "do jure rrjea'Db, 
21j-Dt)e 4Ujn^ VI bwedjib. 

lormjt 4 ni]\ cljfiu'cljnecb cl)oj|t, 
T>a\i m njujn tnunvjfi iinjojji, 
4)o y&wo ctj4jnbji) tU4 fen, 
Co nj)"0] nje4"C0Tj sAej^et. 

" Aengus, the son of Umor, from across the seas, 
To him Conall was a son ; 
To this Conall Meave granted 
Delightful Aidhne for a certainty. 

They came from the land of the cruel Picts, 
Over the sea came Umor's sons ; 
They arrived at the seat of Carbry Niafer, 
Situated in Meath, in the midst of the Gaeidhil." 

But the land question, about which we hear so much every day in 
the week, seems also to have existed at this early period. Carbry placed 
too high a rent upon his lands, and the Firbolgs fled from him to Oilioll 
and Meave, king and queen of Connaught. 

)y arj-o con4r;4cl)T; C4iub|t), 
Tmji r)4 Te4ji4?b t^ji ^4)11)15?, 
To5r)4tij T;e4n)it4cl) t4 C4Cr) -cii4)^l), 
4)0 r;l)|iebf*4'D ejxjrjr) e4crjlii4) , cl). 

" It was then that Carbry demanded taxes 
To be paid to Tara by those seafaring men,(4> 
For such was the law with all tribes who lived 
On the plains of Erin of swift steeds." 

(4) Muirtini, the name of the old Firbolg inhabitants of Aes-tri-muighe, comes from 
Muir, "the sea"; Latin, mare. And so they were men of the sea, buccaneers in fact, and 
knew very well what they were doing when they built along the pleasant western coast 
those grand fortresses in the first century, issuing from which they ploughed the ocean 
and reaped harvests richer by far than any they could obtain from the lands of the 
" heroic man." 


J 1 J 

In Connaught they were kindly received, and settled westward along 
its pleasant coasts — Aengus, at Dun Aengus, in Aranmore ; Cime, 
at Lough Cime, now Lough Hackett, county Galwav ; Cutru, at Cut 
Lough, now Lough Cooter, at Gort, county Galwav ; Mil, at Murbech, in 
Aranmore, where his fortress may still be seen ; Beara, at Rinn Beara 
now Kinvarra, county Galway ; Irgas, at Ceann Boirne, now called 
Black Head, in county Clare, overhanging Galway Bay ; Cing, at Oigle, 
in county Mayo (Cruachan Oigle was the old name of Croagh Patrick) ; 
Concraid, at Inis Meadon, the mid island of the Aran group. One of 
the sons of Umor settled not far from Caherconlish. Asal, meaning 
" noble," having passed over the Shannon, settled at Drom-Asail, which 
is now known as Tory Hill, from cojfijt>e, a pursuer, an outlaw, but the 
old name still survives, for an old man named Punch, living beside 
Lough Gur, told me the Irish name of Tory Hill was Cnoc-droma-Asail, 
" the hill of the long ridge of Asal." 

Carbrv Niafear ("heroic man"), when he heard of the flight of his 
tenants, was deeply incensed, and called upon the four chieftains who 
guaranteed the good conduct of the Firbolgs to punish them. These 
four were — Ceat mac Magach, Ros mac Deadad, Conall Cearnach, and 
the mighty Cuchulain. With these fought four great chiefs of the Fir- 
bolgs, three brothers of Aenghus — Cing, Cimi Cethir-Cenn, Irgas, and 
his son Conall — who were all slain, and so was soothed the angry spirit 
of the " heroic man." 

This is the account of MacLiag, secretary to Brian Boroimhe. It 
seems to me to bear the impress of truth, and it is also very impor- 
tant to bear in mind that archaeologists attribute such forts as Dun 
Aengus to the first century of the Christian era. That a battle was 
fought on Moytura plain, on the east side of Lough Corrib, there can be 
no doubt, but it is quite another matter when we are called upon to 
believe that this battle was fought 1300 B.C. It appears to me that the 
poets, in order to give themselves sufficient foundation for their gorgeous 
Milesian edifice, have antedated the Firbolgs by thirteen hundred years. 
The Roman conquests in Spain, in Gaul/5) and Britain disturbed the 
Celtic population of those countries very much, and many of them no 
doubt emigrated to Ireland. The races of Scandinavia were also pressing 
down from an early date, so that the shiftings of those tribes before the 
curtain was rung up in the theatre of Irish history, were no doubt like the 
movements in historical times. 

In O'Heerin's topographical poem, the race of O'Conaing is given as 

(5) Samar, the old name of the Morning Star river a few miles south of Caherconlish, 
was also the name of a river in Gallia Belgica, of which the modern name Somme is a 


the predominant partner in the barony of Clanwilliam, and the old name 
of the district is given by him, 2lef ajvj fijii^e, " the district of the three 
plains." 2lef or 21of more properly means the people inhabiting the dis- 
trict, but having been used with reference to the people, it came to be after- 
wards applied to the district inhabited by those people. Something of 
the same has occurred with regard to the present name of the district, 
Clanwilliam. This, of course, more properly means the children or race 
of William (dc Burgh (6) ), but now it means a large extent of country. 
The name Owney, of the barony north of Clanwilliam, shows the same 
change. (7) Owney is the Irish U&vdlwi, and being derived from tU, " a 
grandson," means properly " descendants or tribes," and like the other 
two names has come in time to be applied to the district possessed by 
these tribes. 

Here is O'Heerin's description of Clanwilliam, or at least that part of 
the barony between Castle Connel, recte Castle O'Conaing, and Pallas- 
grean, the bounds of the patrimony of O'Conaings, now Gunnings, of 
which name I do not think a single instance can now be given from the 
barony of Clanwilliam. 

Slef c|ij njmse r»nn 3^c TPiniju, 

toiitwd cocUclj Uj O)omnn3, 
Cl4]i bfi4oin5e4l 4r t*4oji rooj'oe, 
4)'4tv r;4obl64i) cji4ob' Cini)fO)r>e. 

" Aos-tri-Muighe, smoothest of plains, 

Is the grassy district territory of O'Conaing, 

A bright watered plain of noblest aspect, 

By the meadowy side of Craobh Cumhraidhe." 

(6) William de Burgh was son of Adelm, son of Robert, Earl of Cornwall, son of 
Harlowen de Burgo, by Harlotta, mother to William the Conqueror. William de Burgh 
married Isabella, natural daughter to Richard I. and widow of Llewellyn, prince of 
Wales. He was deputy of Ireland but was recalled in 11 79. He received the greater 
part of Connaught, lands also in Limerick and Tipperary. He died in 1204 and was 
buried in Athassel Abbey, founded by himself. Clanwilliam and Clanricarde are 
descended from him. 

(7) Dal Riada is another example ; properly it means the tribe of Cairbre Riada, but 
it was also the name of an ancient territory in Antrim inhabited by this tribe. O'Conor, 
quoted by O'Donovan in Bool' of Rights, observes that " Dal properly signifies 
posterity or descent by blood, and in an enlarged and figurative sense it signifies a 
district, that is, the division or part allotted to such posterity." Mr. Kilbride writes to 
me : " The word Dal is a very curious one, and one connected with some of the most 
ancient tribes of Ireland. Now, certainly, Dal is connected with the Cruithneans and 
not with the Milesians in any sense. Dal bears with it the old lineage of ancient 
Ireland. It is one of the appellations of tribes distinct, just as Clan, Tir Connacht, etc. 
These tribal names must for the present guide us. Look at and consider all the tribal 
appellations, and see what they teach us. We do not observe them in the least until 
they are on the point of vanishing or have vanished. Yet they are all landmarks of a 
peculiar kind." 



The O'Conaings derive from Ccnnedigh MacLorcan, king of the 
Dalcais, who died A.D. 950, through Donnchuan, who was his third son, 
the two elder brothers of Donnchuan being Mahon, king of Munster, 
and Brian Boroimhe, king of Erinn. Donnchuan had five sons, two of 
whom were named Cennedigh ; from one of these descend the O'Cona- 
ings, from the other the O'Kennedy's, of whom there are many in 
Caherconlish, and who came here from the district on the east side of 
Lough Derg, which is given as their country in Speed's map of 16 10. 
The Ui Faircheallaigh must also have held possessions in Caherconlish 
parish, for, as I have shown in a recent note in the Journal, there is a 
rock in the parish named from them. The name has now died out in 
the county Limerick, but here is the copy of an inquisition from the 
"Black Book of Limerick," in which it occurs : — 

An Inquisition was held in the bishop's Court (John Mothel, Bishop of Limerick, 
1426-1459), of Tullabrek (Tullybracky), on the 9th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord 1447, before our Lord John, Lord Bishop of Limerick, Robert Stancon, 
and many others; item, Eoy. O'Cachane, jur.; it. Sehan O'Pharrell, jur. ; it. Nichus. 
Fyn, jur. ; Richus. Mcjonyn, jur.; Donaldus Mcjonyn, jur. ; Richus. Duff, jur.; Thos. 
O'Morvie, jur. ; Thos. O'Bogane, jur. ; Cornelius O'Morio ; Willmus Blewet, jur. ; who 
being sworn as witnesses, on their oath depose, that in whatever way the tenants of 
Tullabrek did work by their horses and cattle for themselves, they would do in like 
manner for the Bishop of Limerick." 

A short distance from Caherconlish, on the road to Ballynccty, there 
is a little hill through which the road has been cut ; on this hill at the 
right hand side of the road there is an earthen fort, known to the people 
as Cnocaun O'Kinnealey. This name may be a survival of pre-English 
times, as the O'Kinnealeys held large possessions in the Baron)- of 
Lower Connello prior to the English invasion. 

At the death of King Donald O'Brien, which occurred in the year 
1 195, and who, while he lived, was more than able to hold his own, 
William de Burgh got large grants from King John, and immediately 
proceeded to build castles throughout this district, and to earl)- in the 
thirteenth century I attribute two at least of the Caherconlish castas. 
One of these was the castle which formerly stood on the hill of Caher- 
conlish, and the other was a fine fortress which stood on a hill, Cnoc-a'- 
tsean-chaisleain, " the hill of the old castle," about a mile outside the 
village, beside the new road to Limerick. I shall give a description of 
this later on when treating of the castles of Caherconlish. 

The following is an early reference^ to the de Burghs: — 

" 1280, 8th year of Edw. I. The Sheriff of Lymeric valued 26 acres 

( 3 ) This is an earlier reference :—" Iter. Roll 45th Henry 3rd, 126c?.<>ignes 
Pleas held at Lymeric before the King's Justices Itinerant. The Abbot of YYeheny 
(Owney now Abington) impleads Hugh de Burgelagh." 



of land in Dromkeen belonging to Nicholas de Inteborge at 8 marks 
yearly, and the buildings on the ground at 80 marks for ever." 

Dromkeen, " beautiful ridge," is the next parish to Caherconlish at 
east side. 

At the year 1304, Annals of Inisf alien, occurs the following: "Tor- 
logh O'Brien proceeded with an army to Cathair Cinnlis, and attacked 
the English of that town, of whom he made great slaughter ; he 
demolished the castle, and burned the town from the inner citadel to 
the outer walls." Early in this century some heavy iron swords and a 
large quantity of human bones were found in a field just beside the 
present village at west side. These may have been relics of the year 
1304. Lewis says that "Caherconlish was formerly incorporated, as 
appears from a grant made in the 32nd of Edward III. and dated 
November 9th, 1358, conferring murage for 20 years on the Provost, 
Bailiff, and Commonalty of the town of Catherkenlyshe." This money 
was obtained in tolls and customs from Limerick and Waterford 
merchants, who had to pass through Caherconlish. The memory of the 
" mayor " of Caherconlish has been well preserved by the people. About 
fifty years ago there died an old man in Caherconlish, named John 
Doyle, in his youth he had been connected with a lawless body of men 
dubbed in the district, "Sovereign Pickers." They visited people's 
houses by night, and demanded money for "powder and balls." If the 
people did not yield to the demands of the Sovereign Pickers they were 
tried, and if convicted, punished, and John Doyle being one of the 
presidents of these self-constituted tribunals was called the "Mayor" of 

(To be continued.') 

Che folk~<£ore of the jYionjhs. 


AY, in Irish Beat Z>me. This is " the aeriest (eeriest) 
month" in the calendar, and one the observances 
connected with which are most peculiar. We will 
commence with those pertaining to dairy farming, and 
which are performed for the purpose of counteracting 
or opposing the pisliog, PI 1*^65, i.e. "witchcraft." 

From sunset on May eve until sunrise on May 2 
the dairy farmer will not allow any one take away water from his spring 


(well), and any one requiring water, and not having a spring on his own 
farm, will have to lay in a store or else go without it on those (prohibited) 
days. The farmer himself, or one of his sons, will sprinkle water from a 
holy well, or water blessed on Easter Saturday, all over his farm, that is, 
a share on each field, whether grass or tillage, particular care being taken 
to thus sprinkle his spring well, as also his boundary with his neighbours, 
if three waters — curr)4fi i)4 csjij \i)vse — meet at that boundary. 

The farmer's wife will "commence* 1 * the season" by churning a small 
quantity of cream into butter on May Day. This, which is known as 
"May butter," is preserved by salting, and is laid by in the dairy room 
during the season. She will also get two straight rods of dog-briar, each 
about six or seven inches long, which are placed across at right angles, 
forming a cross humette. This dog-briar cross is placed under the cream 
tub, but on the flag or resting-stone ; for no one would think of allowing 
their cream-tub rest on an earthen floor. When putting the cream into 
the barrel-churn for butter making — "putting up a churn" 'tis called — 
she will invariably add three small fragments of a live coal of turf or 
wood, which fragments are dropped separately into the cream, and as 
usual in the name of each Person of the Holy Trinity. Strange inter- 
blending of old-time paganism and Christianity! While the cream is 
being churned into butter, no one will be allowed to take fire (live coals) 
out of the dwelling-house for any purpose whatever. Even labourers 
or tradesmen employed about the premises, if wanting to take "a pull 
of the pipe," will have to sit down and enjoy their weed by the domestic 
hearth ; or, if in a hurry with the job, will have to go without it until the 
churning is over. When the cream " cracks," that is, forms into small 
particles, the smoker is permitted to depart with what, I suppose, I may 
call " contraband " of the dairy. Having inquired the meaning of those 
peculiar customs, I received as answer, " Twas an old custom!" That 
was all. 

On April 30th, persons residing at a distance journey to a holy 
well/-> which is situate at the foot of " the Paps," mountains overlooking 

,(«) The farmer's wife or daughter will, sometime this month, "light a blessed 
candle under the cows," i.e. with a lighted candle (one blessed at "Candlemas Day," 
February 2) in her hand she will three times move it around the cow's udder and then 
three times across under the paps; each time as usual under the invocation of the 
Holy Trinity. It is only cows that have calved that are treated thus. Those not 
calved are thus also treated thereafter, when calved. 

( 2 ) This holy well and "Penitential Station," which are in the parish of Kilcummin, 
barony of Magunihy, county Kerry, are thus alluded to by Lewis: — "On the southern 
confines of the parish are two remarkable mountains, which, from their peculiar shape, 
are called "the Paps," forming striking features in the mountain scenery on the road 
from Killarney to Cork. At their base is an ancient fort or rath, near which is a holy 
well resorted to by numbers of the peasantry on May Day." — Lewis' Topographical 
Dictionary of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 78. 


Killarney town, and which is known as TjobA\i CAtA)\i cftaob r>e4fi5, 
i.e. "the well at the city of the red branch." Why it was thus called, (3) 
and to whom this holy well is dedicated, I could not ascertain. Here a 
large " patron " is held on each recurring May Day. Persons residing 
at a distance journey to " the City Well " on April 30 (May Eve) that 
they may have the water to give to their cattle on May Day, but for all 
within a comeatable distance the "patron" is held on May Day itself. 
Having taken the morning train to Rathmore on the Killarney line, 
the pilgrims to " the City Well " there alight and trudge some four or 
five miles in a southern direction to their destination, where, having 
performed their devotions, and taken some of the water from the holy 
well in bottles or a jar for home consumption, they commence the return 

The manner of using the water from this holy well is peculiar. The 
operator, who is generally the person who performs the pilgrimage, first 
commences with the oldest cow in the bawn, after which he next takes 
the youngest — be it cow, or heifer, or even weanling calf; after which all 
the others are treated indiscriminately. Armed with a teaspoon, he first 
drops three drops of the water into this (oldest) cow's right nostril, then 
three similar drops into her right ear, after which three similar drops are 
dropped into her mouth ; the invocation in each instance being the usual 
one, " In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 
Amen." Cattle treated in this way are said to be impervious to all 
disease, even lung distemper of the most virulent type. The writer 
knows many persons in Mid-Limerick and North Cork who every year 
make a pilgrimage to " the City Well " and bring back, as recorded 
above, the water in jars for their cattle. 

In this month, consequent on the drying of the surface after the 
spring rains, we often see the wind whirling the dust along the country 
roads. Sometimes the dust (like a water-spout at sea) is sucked up into 
a spiral shape, and then is danced along the road, and sometimes over 
hedges and ditches across the fields. This is the much-dreaded I'l'ce 
540)te/4) l e% "the whirlwind of the sidhe," which is supposed to be formed 
by the dancing of the " good people," or the tramping of their invisible 

(3) Cft4jb"6j45, " mortification," or C|t4]B'DJ5, "persons who mortify the flesh" 
(O'Reilly's Dictionary), would seem to be the correct translation when applied, as in 
this instance, to " a Penitential Station." If Father Lyons, whose contributions are 
a feature in our Journal, could spare time to visit and describe this holy well and 
station it would be appreciated, and add to our indebtedness for many and valuable 

(4) We are told, in the Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne, that the be4T)-e4cl4C, 
i.e. "the female messenger," of Fionn went after the fugitives with "the speed of a 
swallow or weasel, or "sidhe gaoithe," i.e. "like a blast of a sharp, pure-swift wind." 

—Vide Transactions of the Ossianic Society, vol. iii, pp. 98, 99. 


steeds and the roll ol their (equally invisible) carriage wheels along 
the roads in May. When the sidlie gaoitlie passes no one will dare look 
after it, or speculate as to which lios or rath the invisible company are 
journeying ; but the peasant quickly turns his back on it and says, 
"Good luck to them, the ladies and gentlemen." Indeed it is thus, 
with fear and respect, the Irish peasant always speaks of the sidhe. 
If one is caught on the road by the sidJie gaoitlie he will quickly make 
the sign of the cross, and call on his patron saint or guardian angel to 
protect him. (s) 

Ceol vo f)te, i.e. " the music of the sidhe" is that entrancing music 
heard at a lios in May time, but somehow, like the caoi?ie, it always 
betokens the death of some one, generally some young man or young 
woman, and needless to add one very attractive both in appearance and 
manners. Young women who die in child-bearing, especially in May, are 
all " carried off by the good people " for nursing purposes in lios or rath. 

All farm work is suspended on May Day, for under no circumstance 
would any one " redden ground " on this day. Special care will also be 
taken that no member of the family will "sleep out" (that is, fall asleep 
near a fence or on the grass) in May, as such a person would be certain 
to get " an aery (eerie) fit " for his transgression. 

The 5th of May is the festival of a nameless saint who is known 
as 2ln W5W bu)-6e 4 4)|ionj-'G4|tb, i.e. " the yellow (haired) daughter of 
Dromtariff" ("the ridge of the bull"). The local tradition is that 
SS. Lateerin of Cullin, Lassera of Killossory, in Kilmeen parish, and 
this "yellow-haired daughter," were sisters who led an eremitical life in 
those three respective and adjoining parishes in Duhallow. One night 
the angels came down from heaven and made a -c6(\\]\. i.e. " .1 causeway," 
from Killossory to Dromtariff, and thence to Cullin, so that those holy 
women might the more easily meet and converse with one another. The 
" patron day " at Killossory is now discontinued, but a large "patron" is 
still held at Dromtariff holy well on each recurring May 5. The locality 
of " the yellow-haired daughter's" holy well — about one hundred and 
fifty yards south of Dromtariff grave-yard and overlooking the majestic 
Blackwater — is shown on the Ordnance Townland Maps for the county 
Cork, sheet 31. I will allude to St. Lateerin of Cullin later on. 

(5) "When the shee-geehy rolls its boding cloud, 
And arrows unseen in vengeance fly;" 

Supreme o'er the spirit of earth and sea, 

When blessed Lateerin's name is spoken." — Edward Walsh. 

( To be continued.) 




jiotes on the Council TJooK oj ClonaKilty, 

Now in the possession of the Rev. J. Hume Towusetid, D.D. 


S will have been observed, there is a gap in the reports 
of the Council Meetings of Clonakilty, between the 
years 1730 and 1801. This gap is partially filled by 
the reports of sessions of the peace dated from 1758 
to 1782. In this latter year they were repeatedly 
adjourned, and then seem to have ceased altogether 
till revived in 1802, a few months after the Council 
had begun to meet once more under Commander Townsend as recorder, 
and the Rev. Horatio Townsend as sovereign. 

It is probable that minor cases of assault may have been disposed of 
by justices of the peace in their own houses, as a certain Cornelius 
Twohig was indicted for assault in 1781, and there is no record of his 
ever having been tried at all in Clonakilty. At that time the Rev. 
Horatio Townsend seems to have managed affairs in the neighbourhood 
of Clonakilty very much as he pleased, and probably he dispensed justice 
without the aid of a jury. 

From the reports of the sessions of the peace, we learn the names of 
the sovereigns and deputy recorders during the years when the 
Council did not sit, and also various curious details of town life in the 
seventeenth century. 

A good many quaint nicknames are given to distinguish men who 
bore the same surnames. Dennis Driscoll is " otherwise Dearmoda," 
Tim Sullivan is " Buoig," one Dennis Donovan is surnamed " Glinny," 
and another " Marta." 

The Rev. W. Ellis was sovereign in 1750. He was son of Robert 
Ellis, and born in Dublin. He entered Trinity College as sizar 1707, and 
was ordained deacon at Cloyne in 17 16. He was prebendary and vicar 
of Island, vicar of Desert, Ardfield and Castle Ventry, and in 1724 vicar 
of Rathbarry, Kilkerranmore and Kilgariffe. He married, in 17 10, 
Judith, sister of the Rev. W. Martin, of Ballymodane, and had three 
sons, William of Myrtlegrove, James and John. 

Charles McCarthy was deputy-recorder at this time. 

In 1764 Philip Townsend was sovereign, and in 1765 the Rev. John 


Sullivan took the office and remained in it till 1779, when the reports 
end. Thomas Morgan was deputy-recorder during these years. 

The names of the Grand Jury are those with which we are already 
familiar in entries of general sessions of the peace — Spiller, Pyne, 
Morgan, Toy, Hea, etc. Occasionally the name of a neighbouring 
country gentleman is found, as Mr. John Hungerford, Mr. Charles 
Beamish, and Mr. Francis Townsend. 

The Grand Jury, among other duties, had to arrange the market 
prices of grain. In 1775 they presented that " the middle priced wheat 
in said town and borrough is sold at forty shillings Irish the quarter, 
oats at eight shillings the quarter, and barley at ten shillings the quarter 
of like money." At another time it was presented that a great grievance 
was done to the inhabitants of the town by the " vending turf in small 
baskets," so that the buyers were ignorant of the quantity contained in 
each, and in future the sellers should bring turf in the statute kish, and 
every basket not containing half a statute kish should be burned by the 

An entry in 1761 tells that Lieutenant Maximilian Favier, of the 
Royal Scots, took the oaths and subscribed the declaration appointed by 
law. But it is not noted whether the oaths were those of a burgess. But 
the greater number of the entries are summons for assaults. Serious crimes 
were rare, and although the assaults are described in the most alarming 
language, " did beat, batter, bloodshed and inhumanly strike," no serious 
results seem to have followed. In 1765 two men were bound in £100 
each to appear at the next and each assize to be held in Cork for the 
space of one year, in case, a certain " Derby Donovan shall dye within 
twelve kalander months of assault and wounds he received from the said 
Virgil Johns, Henry Johns, and others." But Derby Donovan, far from 
dying, lived to fight another day, and not long after was summoned, 
"for that he did assault, strike, and knock down, Edward White, of 
Ardford"; and further, when arrested, instead of going peaceably with 
the constable, his friends rescued him, and there seems to have been a 
grand general row. 

In fact Clonakilty must have been a lively little town on market 
days ; members of the grand jury occasionally took out cross-summonses 
against each other for assaults, and the women of the town do not seem 
to have been more peaceful than their husbands. These little battles 
were generally punished by fines, although one very doughty champion 
was sent to prison for two months ; and frequently the prisoners were 
liberated on paying fees and making satisfaction to the injured person. 

The reports give more than one instance of goods being rescued 
from the sheriff, and there were one or two attempts at horse stealing, 


but very few of petty thefts. When a theft did occur it was punished 
ferociously. In January, 1774, Mary Dowe was indicted for stealing 
two handkerchiefs of the value of tenpence sterling, and the unhappy 
creature was sentenced to be whipped at the tail of a cart, three market 
days successively. 

Catherine Lordane was rather more fortunate. She was indicted 
for that she was " detected in stealing and carrying away one bundle of 
linen yarn value elevenpence," Not till two months later was she tried, 
and then, although pronounced not guilty, she was to be kept in confine- 
ment till she had paid her fees. If guilty, she would have been flogged 
being innocent she was only imprisoned. 

There is only one mention of a soldier among the assaults. Derby 
Donovan, servant boy of Matthew Donovan of Letir, knocked down a 
soldier named Thomas Annand, but the matter does not seem to have 
been serious, much less political. 

In fact, whatever excitement there may have been in other parts of 
Ireland at the end of the last century, there is no traces of any political 
disturbance or angry class feeling in Clonakilty. The only case in which 
a man of better position appears as accuser was decided against him, 
so there cannot have been much bribery or intimidation in the little 
town. This was when Thomas, son of John Hungerford, summoned two 
labourers for assaulting him with cudgels, and after the case had dragged 
on for some time the prisoners were pronounced not guilty. 

In March, 1802, the Rev. Horatio Townsend, sovereign, and Phil 
Donovan, deputy recorder, held the sessions of the peace after a lapse 
of twenty years from the last meeting. But the character of the town 
had not altered, and one assault is the only case entered for trial. It 
was brought before a jury the following month, but their verdict is not 
recorded, and thus ends the Council and Sessions Book of Clonakilty. 



Cork jYLps, 1559-1800. 

Being a Biographical Dictionary of the Members of Parliament for the 
City, the County, and the Boroughs of the County of Cork, from the 
earliest returns to the union. 

By C. M. TENISON, B.L., M.R.I.A. 

Southwell, William. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1703-13; Castlemartyr, 17 13-14 ; Baltimore, 1715-19. 

Third son of Richard Southzue/t, M.P., by Lady Elizabeth O'Brien, and grandson of" 
Sir Thomas Southwell, first baronet, and said to be of the same family as the foregoing. 

Was attainted by James II., 1689; an officer in King Williams army; a colonel, 
1708; was in the Spanish wars, and distinguished himself; captain of the Battleaxe 
Guards, 17 14 ; ll.d. (sp. gr.), t.c.d., 1718. 

On his first election he and his colleague, Henry Hawlcy (o.v.), released the cor- 
poration from all charges for his parliamentary services. 

He married Lucy, daughter and co-heir of, William Bowen of Queen's County (she 
died 25th August, 1733). He died 23rd January, 1719, leaving issue, six sons and nine 
daughters. His elder brother, Sir Thomas, was ancestor of the present Viscount 

Stannard, Eaton, of Tubber, Dublin. 

M.P. Midleton, 1727 till his decease in 1755. 

Son of George Stannard of Ballyhealy, county Cork, and descended from Robert 
Stannard of Kilmallock, who married Martha, daughter of Sir Robert Travers, m.p. {ff.v.) 

Sch., t.c.d., 1704; B.A., 1706; barrister-at-law; recorder of Cork, 1728 (the voting 
on his appointment being — E. Stannard, 11 ; Hugh Dixon {q.'c'.), 7; Wm. Chartres, 2; 
John Crone, 1), but did not accept the office, he being recorder of Dublin, and Hugh 
Dixon was elected in his stead, and sworn in on 19th December, 1728. Stannard was 
counsel for the defendant in the celebrated Anglesea peerage case, 1743 (see William 
Harward, m.p.). He bore from the corporation of Cork to Dean Swift the box con- 
taining the patent of freedom of the city conferred on the dean, 1737. He was one of 
the executors of the dean's will. 

He died 1755. 

[Staunton, Miles. (Sir Miles, knt. qy.) 

M.P. Cork County, 1380. 
(See under Pomfreide, John.)~] 

Stawell, Anthony, of Kilbrittain. 

Elected for Kinsale 1725, but unseated. 

Son of Jonas Stawell of Madden, by his first wife, and elder stepbrother of Jonas 
Stawell, m.p. Kinsale, 1745-60(^.2/.). 

He had the lands of Clohenasbeg and Carracroone under his grandfather Anthony's 
will. Being elected M.P. for Kinsale, he was unseated as "mis-elected," having 
obtained a majority by reason of votes of "pretended freemen," and Sir Richard 
Meade {q.v.) was returned in his stead. 


Stawell, Jonas, of Kilkearns. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1692. / 

Eldest son and heir of Anthony Stawell, who died iSth October, 1685, and of whose 
will, dated the previous day, Richard Cox {q.v.) was one of the executors. 

He was a burgess of Kinsale 1676. He is described in the contemporary diary of 
a navy chaplain as one of the " two only fit men for Christian conversation in the 
town, besides the rector, honest parson Tomms." The diarist describes Kinsale (1691) 
as " a large filthy hole, that contains nothing good in it," and (he says) he " was glad 
to leave so vile a place. ' 

Jonas Stawell was elected sovereign of Kinsale 1691, and M.P. 22nd Septem- 
ber, 1692, when he and his colleague, Edward Southwell {q.v.), " did release the 
corporation from all charges which they may claim by reason of their said services in 

Stawell, Jonas, of Kinsale. 

M.P. Kinsale, 1745-60. 

Only son of Jonas Stawell of Madden, by Catherine Honner, his second wife, and 
half-brother of Anthony Stawell, m.p. {q.v.) 

He married, about 1730, Meliana, only child of John Allen, alderman of Cork, and 
was father of Sampson Stawell of Kilbrittain. His male line is extinct ; the heiress 
of line married William St. Leger Alcock, who took the name of Stawell, and is now 
of Kilbrittain. 

Sudley, Lord (Arthur Gore), afterwards Earl of Arran. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1783-90. 

Eldest son of Arthur, second Earl of Arran, by his first wife, Catherine, daughter of 
Viscount Glerawly, and brother of Lady Catherine Gore, who in 1766 married 
Sir John Evans Freke, m.p. {q.v.) 

He was born 20th July, 1761 ; married, 29th December, 1787, Mary, eldest daughter 
and co-heir of Sir John Tyrrell of county Essex. 

He was returned in 1783 as M.P. for Donegal borough also, but sat for Baltimore. 

Tonson, Richard, of Dunkettle. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1727-60; 1761-68; 1769 till his decease in 1773. 

Eldest son of Henry Tonson, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Hull, m.p. {q.v.) 
He was born 6th January, 1695 ; devisee, 1718, of the estates of a Major Butler, 
who was no relative, but left them to Tonson " because he (Butler) had known and 
served with his grandfather in the civil wars of 1642"; freeman of Kinsale, 1719 ; sat 
uninterruptedly for the borough for forty-six years. Was founder of Tonson's bank, 
which was established in Paul Street, Cork, 12th May, 1768 {see my " Private 
Bankers of Cork and the South of Ireland," Journal, vol. ii., 1st series, p. 9). 

He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Tynlc, m.p. {q.v.), and had an only 
daughter, who died unmarried ; he married secondly, Peniel, daughter of Colonel Gates, 
and widow of Michael Becher, m.p. {q.v.), of Affadown, by whom he had no issue. 

He died 24th June, 1773, devising his large estates to his natural son, Colonel 
William Hull, afterwards Tonson {see next name). 

Tonson, William (formerly William Hull, and afterwards Lord Riversdale.) 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1776-83. 

Said, in Gentleman 's Magazine, 1787, to have been an illegitimate son of Richard 
Tonson, of Spanish Island, Cork, m.p. {q.v.), whose estates he inherited, and whose 
name he took, and in whose kitchen he was employed as a menial in his youth. He, 
after " abject importunity," obtained a peerage, being created Baron Riversdale in 
1783. He was born 1724, and died 4th December, 1787. 

CORK MPS. 325 

He married, 1773 (after inheriting Richard Tonson's estates), Rose, eldest daughter 
of James Bernard of Castle Bernard, m.p. {q.v.), and had issue seven sons, but never- 
theless the title became extinct in 1861 on the death of the third lord (Ludlow, Bishop 
of Killaloe), who was seventh son of the grantee. 

He was lieutenant-governor of the county Cork, and a military officer; was a partner 
also in Tonson's bank; M.P. also for Tuam as William Hull, 1769-73. and as William 
Tonson (which name he took by royal licence 1773). '773-76. 

Townsend, Bryan, of Castle Townsend. 

M.P. Clonakilty, 1695-99. 

Second son of Richard Townsend, m.p. {q.v.). 

Was a cornet of horse under Lord Orrery; afterwards went into the navy and 
became commander of the "Swiftsure." 

He married, 1680, Mary, daughter of Dr. Synge, bishop of Cork, and had issue, 
nine sons and four daughters. 

Townsend, John. 

Elected for Castlemartyr and Doneraile, and sat for the latter 1797- 1800. 

Second son of Richard Townsend, of Castle Townsend, and grandson of the fore- 
going. Resided at Shepperton, near Sibbereen, and his town house was in Grafton 
Street. Appointed a commissioner of the revenue, February, 1800, and re-elected. 

lie married, 1769, Mary, daughter of Jonas Morn's, of Bailey Hill, and had issue. 

He died 4th August, 1810. He was grandfather of the late Judge Townsend (or 
Townshend, as he chose to spell the name) of the Admiralty Court. 

Townsend, Richard, or Castle Townsend. 

M.P. Baltimore, 1661. 

The patriarch of the Cork Townsends ; supposed to be of English origin ; an officer 
in the Irish Army under Lord Inchiquin ; was at the battle of Knockanass, near 
Mallow, 1647; made prisoner for offering to join the Parliament side in 1649, and on 
his release sailed for New Ross to meet Cromwell, and meeting him at Dungarvan 
handed to him the keys of Cork ; a purchaser and grantee of forfeited lands, including 
Castle Townsend ; commanded the Carbery militia, 1666 ; high sheriff Cork county, 
1671. He died July, 1692, leaving issue. {Sec Bryan Townsend.) 

Townsend, Richard, of Castle Townsend. 

M.P. Cork County, 1759-60; 1761-68; 176S-76; 1776-83. 

Eldest son of Richard Townsend, of Castle Townsend, by Elizabeth, daughter of 
Henry Becker, M.P. (</-v.). and brother of John Townsend (q.v.) 

High sheriff county Cork, 1753; colonel of county Cork militia. 

He married, 1752, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Fitzgerald, of Castlemore, 
county Kerry (afterwards Knight of Kerry), and granddaughter of Joseph Deane, M.P. 
{q.v. ), and had issue, an only son, Richard Boyle Townsend, m.p. lor Dingle. 

Travers, James, 

M.P. Baltimore, 1634. 

Travers, Sir Robert, knt. 

M.P. Clonakilty, 1634 ; 1 639. 

Registrar of the Diocese of Cork, 162S. Killed at the battle of Knockanass, near 
Mallow, 1647. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Boyle, bishop of Cork, and had issue 
a son, Richard, and a daughter, Martha, who married, first, Captain Robert Stannard 
(ancestor of Eaton Stannard, m.p. {q.v.), and secondly, Sir Richard Aldworth. 


Tynte, Sir Henry, of Roxhall {i.e. Wraxall), Somersetshire. 

M.P. County Cork, 1661. 

Son of Sir Robert Tynte, of Ballycrenane (who is buried in Kilcredan Church, M.I.), 
by a daughter of Sir Edward Harris, m.p. (q.v.), and grandson of Edward Tynte, of 
Wraxall; was knighted 30th December, 1660, being then of " Ballycrevan." 

He fled to England in the troubles of 1688, his estate being then valued at ^500 
a year. 

He married Mabella, daughter of Sir Piercy Smith, of Ballynatray, and had issue, 
of whom Catherine married Lawrence Claytoti, m.p. {q.v.) 

Tynte, James, of Old Bawn, Dublin, and Dunlavin, county Wicklow. 

M.P. Rathcormick, 1715-27; Youghal, 1727, till his decease in 1758. 

Son of William Worth, baron of the Exchequer (I.), by Mabel, fourth daughter of Sir 
Henry Tynte, m.p. {q.v.), and assumed the name of Tynte on inheriting the estate of 
that family. High sheriff county Cork, 171 1 ; a privy councillor; m.p. also for Carys- 
fort, 1727. Died, 1758, having married Hester Bulkeley, descended from Archbishop 
Bulkeley, to whose property she became heiress on the death s.p.m. of Sir Richard 
Bulkeley. Tynte bequeathed his estates to Robert Tynte, barrister-at-law. 

Tyrry, David, of Cork. 

M.P Cork City, 1613. 

Son of Alderman Stephen Tyrry, of Cork. 

Was an alderman ; mayor of Cork, 1608, 1614; common speaker, 1624; fined £$0 
in 1606 by the Lord Justices for refusing to attend Divine Service in the Reformed 
churches. It was ordered by the Corporation, nth March, 1613, that he shall " have, 
as Burgess, per diem so much allowance as Mr. James Gallway, Burgess of Limericke, 
hath from that Corporation, and that to be deducted from the ^50 now to be given 
him towards these occasions." It was further ordered (27th September, 1615) that he 
be paid at the rate of ten shillings per day for his expenses, but this order was after- 
wards cancelled. He had a son, David. 

(A David Tyrry who was Mayor 1627-8 was not the M.P.) 

Tyrry, Edniond, of Cork. 

M.P Cork City, 1613. 

Son of Edmond Tyrry of Cork. Was an alderman ; mayor of the city, 1604 ; he (or his 
father) was proclaimed a "rebel" in 1602; was deputy mayor 1612, during Skiddy's 
absence in Dublin ; deputy recorder for John Meade. 

Uniacke, James. 

M.P. Youghal, 1776-83; 1783-90; 1790-97. 

Son and heir of Richard Uniacke, of Mount Uniacke, by Anne, daughter of Robert 
Long field, of Castle Mary, m.p. [q.v.) 

Was mayor of Youghal, 1755, and again 1757 ; high sheriff, county Cork, 1776. 

He married, first, 1761, Lady Caroline Coote, daughter of the last Earl of Bella- 
mont (she d.s.ft.); secondly, Mary Higgins, by whom he had one son. Ancestor of 
Mount Uniacke family. 

(To be continued). 


jNfotes and Queries. 


Contributed by R. Day: " The SPORTSMAN IN Ireland/' 
Rev. /. F. Lynch: Kanturk — Braon SlNNSlOR. 

" The Sportsman in Ireland." — Can any of our readers say who was 
" Cosmopolite," who wrote a very entertaining book called The Sportsman in Ireland, 
two volumes, published in 1840? R. D. 

Kanturk. — Reference was made some little time since in the Journal to the 
claim of the Purcells of having given the name to Kanturk. I hardly think they can 
make this claim good. I suppose it rests chiefly on the fact of their having resided 
some time in the neighbourhood, and of having a boar's head on their coat of arms. 
The name Purcell is said to be derived from the Latin porcellus, a diminution of 
porcus, " a boar "; and a legend is told which gives the origin of the name. Once upon 
a time a beautiful young lady was immured in the strong castle of Loughmoe, or 
Luachmhagh, near Thurles, which was then surrounded by a forest so dense that it 
was quite impassable, and furthermore the castle was guarded night and day by a boar 
of exceeding fierceness. The ancestor of the Purcells was, however, equal to the occa- 
sion, for he proceeded to the castle on the tops of the trees, and having attacked the 
boar, slew him, and then having gained the castle, he married the beautiful young lady, 
and lived happily there ever after. His descendants also flourished at Luachmhagh, 
for one of them was made Baron of Loughmoe, but the Sassenach came in due time 
and deprived the Purcells of the luach ("reward") of their ancestor's achievement in 
killing his namesake. 

The people of Kanturk have a legend to account for the name. They say that 
O'Donoghue chased a boar of great size from Lough Lein, Killarney, which was killed 
by him at the junction of the Ealla and the Dalua. In a note, Transactions of the 
Ossianic Society, vol. v., p. 62, the writer connects the origin of the name of Kanturk 
with boar worship. He says, "It is remarkable that most of these legends (Fionn's 
achievements against boars,) prevail at sites which in Hindostan are considered 
sacred — the junction of rivers." Dr. Joyce gives a more prosaic origin of the name. He 
says, "The name shows that the little hill near the town must have been formerly a 
resort of one or more of these animals [boars]." According to this explanation Ceann- 
tuirc means "boar's hill," and not "boar's head," as it is usually supposed to mean. 
In the Annals of Loch Ce, under year 1510, Garrett, Earl of Kildare, is said to have 
marched from Carraig Cital, county Limerick, to the castle of Ceann-tuirc, which lie 
captured. It seems to me that the Purcells will have some trouble in proving that 
they were settled at Kanturk in 15 10. This castle can hardly have been the present 
castle of Kanturk, whose imposing ruins frown not far from the Irish Rhine. There is 
a tradition in the district, corroborated, I think, by history, that Queen Elizabeth, when 
she heard of the great strength of the castle which MacDonogh was building, gave 
orders that he was not to complete it, and so the castle came to be, and is, I believe, 
still called " MacDonogh's Folly." There was another castle at Curragh, about a mile 


from the town, on the site of which Neptune Blood built a house early in the century. 
This may be the castle referred to in the Annals of Loch Ce. This castle is said to 
have belonged to the Mac Auliffs, but could their territory have extended so close to 
Kanturk ? The Mac Auliffs held three castles near Newmarket. One was in the 
present demesne of Colonel Aldworth, just close to the schoolhouse, on the top of a 
hill called the Mount. Many years ago some coins were found here. Another was 
about two miles west of the town, not far from the graveyard, and the site of the old 
parish church of Clonfert. The site of this castle is still called Castle Mac Auliff. 
About half a mile from this, at opposite side of river, there is a romantic cave in the 
Island Wood. The people call the rock in which this cave is " Miss Moylan's Rock ;" 
and they say " Miss Moylan " was a daughter of Mac Auliff, whom her father wished 
to marry some chief to whom she had a great objection, but Mac Auliff would stand 
no nonsense, and the wedding day was fixed. On the night before " Miss Moylan" 
flew from the castle across the river valley, and placing a hand on this rock, which 
immediately opened, she vanished for ever from human ken. The impress of her 
hand, or something like it, continued on the rock until about the beginning of this 
century, when a carpenter, belonging to Newmarket, in a drunken freak, broke it off. 
The people say his hand withered immediately, and that he came to a bad end. Not 
far from the rock there is a well, Tober Srulane, whoever drinks the water of which 
will infallibly have to return to Newmarket. 

The third castle was near Priory, where the " Monks of the Screw" oft sported 
under their genial abbot, John Philpott Curran. This was Carrigacashel. Curran was 
born in a house on or near the site of the present courthouse of Newmarket. The 
handsome Celtic cross placed over the grave of his daughter, Sarah, in Newmarket 
churchyard, was due to the initiation of Bishop John Gregg, who headed the subscrip- 
tion list which Miss Aldworth opened at his request. O'Donovan, in one of his notes 
to O'Heerin's Topographical Poem, gives an account of an interview he had with the 
weighmaster of Kenmare, who claimed to be the last representative of the chiefs of 
Clan Mac Auliff. I have a distinct recollection of hearing a tradition that the last 
Mac Auliff died very many years ago near Newmarket in poor circumstances. The 
Mac Auliffs were a fighting race, and of Danish origin, as the name means " the sons 
of Amhlaibh, Amlaf, Olaf, or Aulaf," many chiefs of which name ruled over the Danes of 
Limerick. In the year 1535 Mac Auliff defeated with great slaughter FitzGerald, the 
Lord of Clenlish. Early in the seventeenth century Sir Richard Aldworth received a 
grant of a large portion of Mac Auliffs territory. 

[I had sent in above note on "Kanturk" before I saw Miss Kelly's interesting 
summary of the legends of MacDonogh and the Old Court of Kanturk. I have some 
confused recollection of the tradition concerning the glass required for the castle, but it 
was from Cork I heard it was being brought when something happened to it on the 
way. I have seen somewhere, but have mislaid the reference, that Queen Elizabeth 
made an offer to MacDonogh that if he succeeded in overcoming MacCarthy Mor 
she would appoint him chief instead. I think those derivations of the Eala and the 
Dallua taken from Smith's Cork can hardly be correct. Mac Alia, "son of the cliff," 
is the Irish for echo, and this may be the reason why Eala is said to mean "echoing 
river." " Al " occurs in some old river names, and may, perhaps, be an old word for 
river. Dallua and Duhallow seem to be confounded. Duhallow is Duthaigh Ealla, 
" district of the Eala," the Blackwater being formerly called Eala as far as Mallow. 
Magh Eala, "plain of the Eala." Dallua may be Dan luath, "swiftly flowing river." 
The poet of another river in the country sings — 

" AYhere Allua of song rushes forth as an arrow.'"] 


Braou Sinnsior.— In the June number of the Journal Mr. Long tells of a 

drop of rain falling continually on the tomb of some individual in Holy Cross Abbey, 

who in life had done something to deserve this censure. A similar drop falls on the 

tomb of one of the FitzGeralds in Ballinard graveyard, Herbertstown, county Limerick. 

The people say that FitzGerald was a tyrant, and had a gallows erected on the top of 

Ballinard Hill, on which he hung numbers of people. On a certain occasion one of his 

tenants, a poor widow, complained to him that her son was becoming unmanageable, 

and asked his aid in keeping him under. FitzGerald said to send the boy up to the 

castle, and that he would do what he could for her. The widow did so, and when she 

called for her son in the evening he was tame enough, for FitzGerald had hung him on 

the gallows. The widow then went down on her knees and pronounced her mallachd 

(curse) on FitzGerald, his race, and castle, and so this branch of the FitzGeralds, 

which was closely connected with the Glinn family, has died out, and merely the 

foundations of the castle are left. The constant drop of rain which has worn a hollow 

in the stone the people term Braon Sinnsior, and say it is the widow's tear. The 

people derive the name Herbertstown from a Roman Catholic priest named Herbert, 

who lived at Ballinard many years ago, and built a chapel at Herbertstown, around 

which they say the little village grew up in course of time. They tell some curious 

tales of the adventures of this priest with FitzGerald. 

J. F. Lynch. 

Original pocunr^ents. 

Slides aestamentorum olim in IReciistro GoYcagiae. 

No. Nams. 

451 Collins, Margaret, of Cove Lane, widow 

452 Cullinane, Timothy, of Bandon Road 

453 Cotter, William, of Passage 

454 Cook, Mary, of Cork, widow 

455 Culdwoll, Richard, of Cork, cabinetmaker 

456 Charter (gy.) William of Mansh, farmer 

457 Collins, John, of Ross 

458 Crowly, Mary, of Cork, spinster 

459 Crowly, Thomas, of Coolnagurrane, p. priest . . 

460 Coombs, Joseph, of Bandon, lace weaver 

461 Cotter, John, of Cork, cooper 

462 Cottroll (qy.), Thos. Hodder, of Ballea 

463 Collins, Patrick, of Cockpit Lane, cheesemonger 

464 Cooper, Samuel, of Cork, merchant 

465 Creed, Sarah, of Cork, widow 

466 Chamberlain, Joseph, of Cork, tallow chandlr. 

467 Chambri, Julian, of Bandon Road, widow 

468 Connell, Amy, of Cork, widow 

469 Cole, Elizabeth, Inane, spinster 

470 Cronin, Daniel, of Kinsale, victualler 

471 Coles, William, of Cork, mercht. 

472 Coalman, Joseph, of Kinsale, gent. . . 


















5 ! 3 





Colthurst, Nicholas, of Cork, gent. . . 

Cronin, Lawrence, of Kinsale, farmer 

Coveney, Robert, of Springfield, co. Cork, gent. 

Carroll, John, of Cork, glazier 

Creed, Edward, of Fair Lane, Cork, gent. 

Casey, Thomas, of Kinsale, revenue officer 

Conway, William, of Cork, house carpenter 

Cottrell, Francis, of Lisapooka, farmer 

Cronin, Bridgit, of Kinsale, widow 

Casey, George, of Cork, gent. 

Campbell, Ann, of Bandon, widow . . 

Child, Thomas, of Bandon, esq. 

Connell, Cornelius, of Corbally, farmer 

Connell, Timothy, of Mallow Lane, mealman 

Conway, Francis, of Cork, architect . . 

Campion, Martha, of Cork, spinster . . 

Cotter, Edward, of Cork, cooper 

Casey, Honora, of Cork, widow 

Collins, Ellinor, of Cork, widow 

Crowly, Timothy 

Callaghan, Daniel, of Cork, cloth seller 

Calvement, Taffill de, of Cork 

Cashman, John, of N. suburbs 

Conron, Ann, of Cork, widow 

Coleman, Charles, of Castle Townsend, revu. officer 

Cox, Stephen, of Cork, sailmaker 

Casey, Thomas, of Cork, gent. 

Chambur (qy. Climbur), Mary 

Casey, Timothy, of Currividdy 

Campbell, Skiffington, of Cork, gent. 

Coghlan, Robert, of Bandon 

Cleary, Timothy, of Cross Street, dealer 

Cronin, William, the elder, of Ballinaloghy 

Cogan, Richard, of Disurry {qy.), gent. 

Cogan, David, of Monkstown 

Chambers, Thomas, of Ballyhedy, farmer 

Crook, William, 2nd lieut. of His Majs. ship "Hook' 

Collins, Daniel, of Bridgetown, esq., m.d. 

Collins, Dennis, of Annah, farmer 

Crowly, John, of Maulnarougy, farmer 

Cooper, Cunningham, of Bandon, gent. 

Carroll, Michael, of Batchelor's Quay, gent. 

Casey, Michael, of Flower Hill, esq. 

Cahan, Daniel, of Lower Moynes, farmer 

Conner, Elizabeth, of the city of Bath, widow 

Cahallan, Rev. Bartw. p.p., of Dunmanway 

Cottrell, Elizabeth, of Passage, widow 

Coulston, John, sergt. Cork militia . . 

Church, Alice, als. Harrisson, wife of James Church 






Supplementary Index to Wills, 1802 to 1S33. 

(Sec Note p. 479, No. 10, Vol. i., Second Si 
No. Name. 

522 Casey, Martin, of East Gully, wool comber 

523 Casey, William, of Leitrim, city of Cork 

524 Campbell, Thomas, Cork 

525 Collins, Denis, co. Cork 

526 Collins, Daniel, weaver 

527 Connellan, Edward, of city of Cork 

528 Collins, Dennis 

529 Mc Carthy, Dennis, Cooldorihy, wool comber . . 

530 Clifton, John 

531 Cuttle, Francis 

532 Campion, Rev. Henry 

533 Connor, Dennis 

534 Cussen, Edmond 

535 Cortez, Peter 

536 Campbell, Thomas 

537 Connor, Anne 

538 Corcoran, Simon 

539 Collins, David 

540 Crowly, Bartholemew 

541 Campbell, Jane 

542 Cronin, Jeremiah 

543 Corkeran, John 

544 Corkran, Maurice, of Blackpool 

545 Crowly, Daniel, of Gurtane {qy.) 

546 Capel, Henry, of Cork 

547 Crawford, Jacob, of Cork 

548 Crowly, Dennis 

549 Crowly, Catherine 

550 Callanan, William 

551 Cantillon, Dennis, of Brickfields 

552 Cummins, John, co. Cork 

553 Carthy, John, city of Cork 

554 Carthy, Elizabeth, of Innishannon 

555 Chambers, William, of Bandon 

556 Connell, Jeremiah, of Bantry 

557 Cahalane, James, of Keavererane 

558 Crowly, Timothy, of Hughes' Lane 

559 Casey, Patrick, of Drominidy 

560 Canty, Timothy, of Kinsale, baker 

561 Conroy, Dennis, of Factory Hill 

562 Cunningham, Owen, of Moralig (qy. ), farmer . . 

563 Connor, Jane, of Corke, widow 

564 Collins, Daniel, of Dromgarrow, farmer 

565 Croker, Elizabeth, of Bandon, widow 

566 Cusack, Peter, of Maulacorcorane, farmer 

Fifth Book. 



• 337 

• 354 
. . 35o 

■ • 359 
.. 365 

■ • 37i 

• • 393 

■ • 389 



.. 41/ 
. . 3^4 

• • 430 

• • 435 

• • 43" 
. • 43 » 

• • 454 

■ • 454 


• • 47i 
. . 472 
.. 437 

• • 495 

• • 532 

.. 504 
.. 507 

• • 534 
.. 534 

• • 569 


• ■ 594 


.. 626 

.. 634 


















Colthurst, James 

Cogan, Maurice, of Ballyorban, farmer 
Curtin, William, of Mallow Lane, merchant 
Couperthvvaite, James, of Cork, brewer 
Cowen, James, of Cork, gent. 
Cazalet, William, of Cork, gent. 
Cantwell, John, of Austen's Lane 
Connell, John, of Shandangin 
Collins, John, of Cork, victualler 
Coake, Nicolas, of Bantry, co. Cork 
Craven, Joseph, of Cork, watchmaker 
Collins, Dennis, of Cork, shopkeeper 
Connor, Owen, of Farrinturk, co. Cork 
Chartres, Elizabeth, of Cork, widow 
Crowley, Florence, of Mamore 
Connolly, William, of Cork, master and mariner 
Casey, Michael, of Knockaneigh, farmer 
Casey, Patrick, of Cork, coal merchant 
Crofts, Sarah, of Cork, wife of Richd. Crofts 
Cotter, Thomas, of Barnahely, farmer 
Crowly, Timothy, of Killeenleagh, farmer 

Callaghan, Michael, of Drisheen, esq. 
Coholan, Daniel, of Ballincurrig, farmer 
Cottrell, Francis, of Cork, architect 
Covenay, Thomas, of Springfield, gent. 
Cavenagh, John, of Cork, dealer 
Clifton, Mary, of Kildarrow, widow . . 
Carr, George, of Cork, spirit merchant 
Cox, Samuel, of city of Cork 
Crofts, George, of Cork, esq. 
Callanan, Thomas, of Clonakilty, mercht.* 
Cremin, Honora, of Bandon Road, widow 
Cox, Henry, of Dunmanway, esq. 
Cue, John, of Ballyhineen 
Crofts, Thomas, of Mallow Lane, chandler 
Cogan, Margaret, of Loughbeg, widow 
Crone, Michael, of Cork, yeoman 
Cashman, William, of Cork, porter brewer 
Callaghan, John, of Cork 
Campbell, Elizabeth, of Cork, widow 
Carleton, George Guy, Sunday's Well 
Carr, James, of St. Stephen's Hospital 
Cogan, Margaret, of Lehina, widow 
Casey, Mary, co. Cork, spinster 
Chanders, Susan, of Cork, spinster 
Chapman, Russell, lieut.-col. 
Curtin, Cornelius, of Blackpool 

Fifth Book. 










Sixth Book. 












No. Name. 

614 Cripps, James, of Bantry 

615 Cotter, John, of Brookville 

616 Conrie, Richard, of Toorfane 

617 Connor, Barbara, of Harbour Row .. 

618 Cogan, Honora, of Ballyvolane, widow 

619 Callanan, William, of Kilrovane, farmer' 

620 Coleman, Elizabeth, of Kinsale, spinster 

621 Callanan, Catherine, of Cork, widow 

622 Callaghan, Patrick, of city of Cork . . 

623 Connell, Michael, of Cork 

624 Crofts, Roger, of Cork, tallow chandler 

625 Creed, Alice, of Ballinacurra 

626 Connell, Charles, wheelwright 

627 Crofts, Mary, of Cork, widow 

628 Clarke, Abraham, of Nicholas St., gent. 

629 Collins, Jeremiah, p.p., of St. Fin Barre 

630 Callanan, Bridget, of Clonakilty, spinster 

631 Cogan, William, of Carrigaline, farmer 

632 Clerke, James, of Bealad, co. Cork . . 

633 Corbett, John, of Cork, oil and colour man 

634 Cunningham, Robert John, of Ballincollig 

635 Carr, George, of Cork, ironmonger . . 

636 Courtnay, James, of Cork, coal merchant 

637 Cantillon, Joseph, of Ballycaskeen . . 

No. Name. 

i 6 Donovan McDerrrrody, John 

2 Dowe, Richard, of Carrigrohane 

3 Douly, Shili 

4 6 Driscole, Eneas, of Crookhaven 

5 6 Durgin, John Oge, of BallymLCanrick 

6 6 Donovan, Cnoghor McDermond 

7 Donovan, Conoghor McDermody 

8 6 Donovan, Teige Roe, of Ballinadee 

9 Doidie, Carmell, of Crookhaven 

10 Draily, James, of Corke 

1 1 Dobson, Richard 

12 Daley, John, of Kinsale 

13 Daunt, Mary 

14 Daley, Alson 

15 Dunkin, Edward, of Bandon 

16 Dyer, John, of Knockroe 

17 Mc Donogh, Daniel, of Castroventry . . 
iS Daly, Sheely, of Corke 

19 Dromie, Thomas, of Corke 

20 Draper, William, of Bandon 

21 Darvil, William 

22 Daly, William, of Kinsale 

23 Doudridge, Edmund, of Kinsale 

Sixth 1 



• 463 

• 464 

• 474 

• 478 

■ 492 


• 5 ' 7 


• 565 

• 57i 

• 573 

•■ 585 


• 593 


. . 648 

. . 661 

. . 667 


.. 717 


• • 743 

.. 810 


.. 1615 

.. 1617 


. . 1620 

•• 1623 

.. 1623 

. . 1624 

. . 1626 

.. 1629 

. . 1630 

. . 1634 

•■ 1635 

• • 1636 

•• 1637 

•• '639 

• • 1639 

• • 1639 



.. 1642 

• • l643 

•• 1647 



No. Name. 

24 Downs, Catherine, of Bandon 

25 Davis, Capt. John, of Bandon 

26 Davies, Lewis, of Youghal . . 

27 Davies, Joan, of Corke 

28 Daly, Donogh 

29 Dannane, Catherine, of Ballinalty Beg 

30 Dowrick, Ellen, of Ringrone parish 

31 Dawly, Elizabeth, of Morony 

32 Devereux, James 

33 Dunstervill, Rev. Hu. 

34 Dopson, Henry, of Gortneskreeny 

35 Donovan, Dennis, of Inniskeene 

36 Davies, Elizabeth, of Youghal 

37 Draper, John, of Ballymodan 

38 Daunt, Thomas, of Gortigrenan 

39 6 Driscol, Donogh, of Inisherkane 

40 Dennis, James, of Corke 

41 Dillon, George 

42 Driscoll, John, of Corke 

43 Davis, Henry, of Youghal 

44 Dorill, John, of Kinsale 

45 Dashwood, Richard, of Bandon 

46 Donohoe, John, of Corke 

47 Donovane, Keadagh McDaniel 

48 DeilaCourt, John, of Ballynockane 

49 Donoghane, Teige McCnoghor 

50 Den, John, of Kinsale 

51 Donnell, Morris 

52 Den, John, of Kinsale 

53 Downy, Anstis, of Kilcrohane parish. 

54 Daunt, Jane, of Tracton Abby 

55 Dodgin, Thomas, of Lisapooke 

56 Dillon, Elizabeth, of Moyalloe 

57 6 Donoghoe, Cornelius, of Kilfinane 

58 Daunt, William, of Grillagh 

59 Delacourt, Elizabeth, of Ballyknockan 

60 Driscoll, Mary ny Teige, of Ballinhinchy 

61 Dodge, Thomasin, of Corke 

62 Deyos, Daniel, of Corke 

63 Day, William, of Ballinreage 

64 Dorrill, Catherine, of Kinsale 

65 Donohoe, Ann 

66 Donohoe, Joseph, of Kilfinin 

67 Davies, Rice, of Knockatollery 

68 Dymond, Elizabeth, of Corke 

69 Dawly, Edward, of the Little Island 

70 Delacourt, Robert, of Ballyknockan 

71 Downy, Murtogh, of Enniskeane 

72 6 Donovan, Murrogh, of Drishanbeg 



















































No. Name. Year. 

73 6 Donovan, Richard, of Ruseagh . . . . . . , . 1695 

74 Dunscomb, Noblet, of Corke .. .. .. .. 1695 

75 Daily, Catherine . . . . . . . . . . . . 1697 

76 Deibal, Richard, of Kinsale . . . . . . . . . . 1697 

77 Dewey, John, of St. Finbarry's . . . . . . . . 1701 

78 Demanis, William, serjt. . . . . . . . . . . 1704 

79 Deason, William . . . . . . . . . . 1704 

80 Derham, Thomas, of Corke . . . . . . . . . . 1705 

81 Draper, Rachel, of Kinsale . . . . . . . . . . 1708 

82 Dweight, George, mariner . . . . . . . . . . 1709 

83 Deeble, Jeremy, of Corke . . . . . . . . . . 1709 

84 Daw, George, of Kinsale . . , . . . . . . . 1709 

85 Dupont, James, of Corke . . . . . . . . . . 1710 

86 Daunt, Achilles, of Tractonabby .. .. .. .. 171 1 

87 Dawly, Charles, of Corke .. .. .. 17 12 

88 Davis, Abraham, of Granahonig .. .. .. . . 1712 

89 Deyos, Thomas, of Corke .. .. .. .. 17 12 

90 Dowling, Daniel, of Inishonane .. .. ..1713 

91 Daniel, Charles, of Garrane .. .. .. . . 1713 

92 Downe, Ephraim, of Bandon . . . . . . . . 1713 

93 Devereux, John, of St. Finbarry . . . . . . . . 1714 

94 Dowe, Joshua, of Cooleroe . . . . . . . . ..1714 

95 Dymond, Edward .. . .. .. .. 1715 

96 Driver, William, of Doneraile .. .. .. 17 1 5 

97 Dowe, Anne . . . . . . . . . . . . 1717 

98 Dodge, Michael, of Corke .. .. .. .. .. 1718 

99 Deeble, Richard, of Corke .. .. .. .. .. 1719 

100 Daunt, Francis, of Willowhill .. .. .. .. 1719 

101 Drady, David, of Cork .. .. .. .. .. 1719 

102 Dalton, Nicholas, of Corke .. .. .. .. .. 1721 

103 Davies, John, of Bandon . . . . . . 1721 

104 Dyer, Thomas, of Baltimore .. .. .. .. 1722 

105 Daunt, Francis, of Knockaloure .. .. .. .. 1722 

106 Downy, Maurice, of Bantry .. .. .. ..1722 

107 Dowe, Isaac, of Melane .. .. .. .. .. 1723 

108 Downing, Thomas, of Ballinaspigbeg .. .. .. 1724 

109 Driscoll, John, of Corke .. .. .. .. .. 1724 

no Dupond, Rachel, of Cork .. .. .. .. .. 1726 

in Davies, Abraham, of Bandon .. .. .. ..1727 

112 Dibbons, William, of Ballymodan .. .. .. .. 172S 

113 Donovan, Florence, of Tawneys .. .. ; . .. 172S 

114 Duniclift, William .. .. .. .. .. 1729 

115 Dibbins, John, of Kinsale .. .. .. .. .. 1729 

116 Dunscombe, Meade, of Corke .. .. .. .. 1729 

117 Dowden, Christopher, of Bandon .. .. .. .. 1729 

118 Dixon, John, of Baltimore .. .. .. .. .. 1729 

119 Dasey, Dennis, of Kilcaran . . .. .. .. .. 1729 

120 Diane (Decine qy.), John, of Corke .. .. 1730 

121 Dyneen, William, of Corke . . .. .. .. .. 1730 


No. Name. 

i 22 Day, Roger, of Carrigoline . . 

123 Desmond, Cornelius, of Dunisky 

1 24 Deasy, Dennis, of Carrigaruff 

1 25 Davvly, Daniel, of Blarney Lane 

1 26 Daniel, Michael, of Ballymartel 

1 27 Dennis, George, of Scubreene 

128 Daunt, George, of Nohoval 

1 29 Daunt, Mary, of Knockaloure 

1 30 Driscoll, Timothy, of Corke 

131 Dennis, James, of Roscarbery 

1 32 Daniel, Cambra, of Corke 

133 Donovan, Morgan, of Derrynanahane 

1 34 Donovan, Darby, of Lisnaerely 

1 35 Downing, Robert, of Corke . . 

1 36 Denahy, Ellinor, widow 

1 37 Dyer, Thomas, of Corke 

1 38 Daunt, George, of Knockaloure 

139 Daunt, William, of Willovvhill 

140 Daunt, Emanuel 

141 Davvly, John, of Corke 

142 Dunsterville, Rev. Septimus, of Timoleague 

143 6 Daniel, Theophilus, of Corke 

144 Dunsheath, William, of Corke 

1 45 Daunt, Thomas, of Tracton Abbey 

146 Davis, Jonathan, of Corke, mariner 

147 Duggan, Philip, of Corke 

148 Duncanson, Rev. Peter, of Bandon 

149 Davenport, William, of Corke 

1 50 Delany, Kyran, of Corke 

151 6 Driscoll, Dennis, of Corke 

1 52 Draddy, Bridget, of Corke .. 

1 53 Dorgan, John, of Corke 

1 54 Donovan, James, of Rinegrany 

1 5 5 Dandy, Samuel, of Kinsale . . 

1 56 Davis, Edward, of Corke, 1646 (sic.) 

1 57 Donovan, John, mariner 

1 58 Daunt, Francis, of Ballingarry 

1 59 Dunn, Robert, of Kinsale . . 

160 Dorman, Richard, of Moneygermy 

161 Duncanson, Mary, of Bandon 

1 62 Donovan, Darby, of Corke . . 

163 Dennis, Hawly, of Kinsale . . 

1 64 Drynane, Thomas, of Dunevanig 

165 Doren, Thomas, of the Potatoe Key, Cork 

166 Dunscombe, William, of Corke, esq. 

167 Donovan, Timothy, of Ballahadown 

168 Dennahy, James, of Corke, butcher 

169 Daly, John, of the N. suburbs, carpenter 

(To be continued.) 


1 734 
1 736 
1 736 
1 736 
1 738 

1 738 

1 739 

1 739 

1 740 
1 740 
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1 749 


Second Series. — Vol. II., No. 20.I 

[August, 1896. 



Cork Historical & Archaeological 


}31arr\ey Castle, Couqty Cork. 

2>cuble Structure of its IReep. 

By CECIL CRAWFORD WOODS, F.R.S.A , Council Member. 

HE external appearance of the keep of this castle is well 
known. It is a gnomon in shape, consisting of a 
rectangular tower sixty feet from north to south, and 
thirty-six feet from east to west, but having another 
rectangular structure projecting from its north-west 
corner eighteen feet long from north to south, and 
projecting twelve feet westward from the west wall of 
the main tower before mentioned. The external lines of its ground plan 
are shown in the drawing on following page. 

Xow, a curious and interesting fact concerning the keep (or great 
tower) of Blarney Castle is that the pile as it now stands was built at 
two different periods, with an interval of perhaps many years between 
them. The slender tower or " peel," W which was the first keep of the 
castle, is actually embedded bodily in the greater mass of the addition, 
yet on close examination it is found to be quite distinct from the newer 
work, for in joining the new to the old very little grafting was done, and 

(0 A "peel" generally means a tower devoid of a bailey, but it sometimes means a 
small slender keep, and it is in tins sense I use it. It is well to bear in mind that 
" castle " means a keep and a bailey together. 



very few openings closed, and very few made. The original keep (which 
comprises only about one-sixth of the present one) is that part of the 
great tower which is nearest St. Anne's Hill, and which includes the 
north-west angle of the entire pile. In it are the earl's bedroom and the 
kitchen. The northern wall of the original tower forms about half the 






5 c a. I e of fc<?t 

Ground Plan of the Keep (External Outline). 

A. Original Keep. B. Later addition. 

northern face of the present keep, and the western wall of the original 
part forms about one-third of the western face of the whole pile. 
Externally the peel and the addition appear much alike, only that the 
older building is more weather-worn, especially at the corners, but 
internally various differences between the mode of construction of the 
peel and of the addition are noticed ; thus the great tie-beams of oak 
which are built into the inner faces of the walls of the original keep do 



Blarney Castle, from nu North. 


not anywhere show, and do not seem to exist in the fabric of the 

Viewing the great tower from the north as one approaches it from 
the railway station, a perpendicular slit appears running down the 
centre of the northern face of the castle from just below the 
parapet to just above the window of the earl's bedroom. The blocks 
forming the west side of this slit are plainly coigne stones, and they 
make and mark the north-east angle of the original tower. The peel 
never flanked the north side of the addition as it does the west side of it. 
This is proved by an examination of the newer work (five-sixths of the 
whole pile) which, with the exception of the spur at the south-east angle 
and a few minor internal details, is palpably all of one date. The reason 
the slit does not run either above or below the points indicated is — 
first, that the present parapet of the peel was built when the watch turret 
on its north-east pinnacle was altered to suit the height of the newer pile, 
and that consequently the whole of the parapet along the higher part of 
the northern face of the keep is of one date ; and second, that the wall of 
the original baily (or courtyard), which was built at the same time as 
the peel, was incorporated with the lower part of the mass of the newer 
pile at the north side over the cliff. It is probable that weathering has 
had much to do with the slit being so distinctly visible, for it does not 
appear inside the castle. Approaching the castle from the east, when 
one enters the keep and goes a short way up the large newel stair (which 
is placed in the north-east angle of the newer work) and along the passage 
which leads from it towards the earl's bedroom, on coming to the six 
steps (opening to the right of the passage) a glance upwards discloses 
the fact that this staircase has been quarried through the wall. The 
uppermost of these half a dozen steps opens on the original newel stair 
of the peel, and a few steps down lands one at the bottom of this stair, 
locally called " the black stairs." Standing with the back to the window 
(which is modern), to the left is seen the place where the original entrance 
door of the peel was, its sill being about ten feet above the level of the 
ground ; and, I think, there are indications of an opening in the ceiling, 
and that here was a " murdering-hole," similar to the one still to be seen 
immediately inside the entrance door of the main building. The lower 
part of the peel is solid, in which particular it differs from the addition, 
which is hollow down to the rock on which it stands. Opposite the 
site of this entrance is a jamb of the original door into what eventually 
became the earl's bedroom, but which at first was probably the guard- 
room. This doorway was built up to give wall space for the head of 
the bed, and the little passage which leads to the present door in the 
division wall was scooped out of the main wall (at this part very thick) 


and the present little door made, the level of the floor of the room 
being at the same time lowered, and an entrance to it — intended to be 
the principal one — broken through the south wall, near the east end. 
This entrance communicated by a short passage with the lowest of the 
three great halls of the castle. The bay window, which makes the earl's 
bedroom so lightsome was constructed long subsequent to the building 
of the peel ; the original opening in the outer face of the wall was 
probably a very small one, and it is possible that here may have been 
situated the first fireplace in the keep ; unless there was a hearthplace at 
this spot there was at first no fireplace in this room ; probably it was 
when the great addition was made to the peel that the fire recess now 
to be seen was scooped out of the west wall under a little window through 
which the smoke found its way into the outer world, being guided thereto 
by a firehood of wood and plaster ; a good deal of the smoke found its 
way back again into the castle through badly-fitting upper windows. In 
the peel the rooms were too small and the walls not sufficiently thick to 
construct chimneys, such as have been formed in the great and massive 
addition, the smaller ones possibly a generation or two after its erection; 
indeed at the time the peel was built and for long afterwards chimneys 
were thought unnecessary, in fact a product of over-civilisation. Ascend- 
ing " the black stairs " one comes to a garderobe in the thickness of the 
north wall, and a little higher a close examination of the east wall dis- 
closes a built-up shooting-hole or "loop." This window now looks up 
against the solid masonry of the neiver portion of the keep ; it once looked 
into the courtyard of the castle and defended the entrance door of the 
peel. A few steps higher one comes to a pleasant chamber which was 
probably originally the bedroom of the MacCarthy, lord of Muskerry, 
and afterwards the bedroom of the young ladies of the family. In this 
chamber, as in the case of the one beneath it, a door was broken through 
the south wall at the east end into the newer part of the keep. At the 
southern side of the east wall of this chamber there is a built-up window 
which once, like the before-mentioned eastern loop in the stair wall, 
looked into the courtyard. In this room there was certainly at first no 
fireplace, but in the course of time a hearth recess was constructed in the 
south-west corner, the smoke hole being similar to that in the room below. 
In every fireplace in the castle the fuel was laid on the hearthstcne, the 
logs being tilted up against brass or iron "fire-dogs." Mounting higher up 
the stair one comes to another loop in the east wall. This little window 
is open and looks into a small room in the newer part of the pile, the 
opening being near the floor of the room. This room was probably 
sometimes used as a prison and sometimes as a " sick-bay"; indeed it is 
but too likely that it was often both a dungeon and an hospital to some 


enemy of the MacCarthy. A little higher still up the stairs one comes 
to a floorless room, which was in all probability used as the private 
chapel of the castle after the enlargement of the keep, but when the peel 
stood alone it is almost certain to have been the young ladies' dormitory. 
When the door of this chamber was left open a prisoner or sick person 
in the small room just before mentioned could distinctly hear through 
the loophole the voice of the priest saying mass only a few yards away. 
It is likely also that this opening was often found useful for the purpose 
of watching a wretched prisoner. At the southern side of the east wall 
of the chapel chamber is a built-up window, which, if now open, would 
simply look up against a mass of stone and mortar. This chamber 
apparently never had a fireplace in it, but it is just possible that there 
was one at a partly built-up loop in the west wall. Going a little further 
up the stairs, where it becomes very steep and narrow, one soon arrives 
at a spot where there is another built-up loop in the east wall, and a little 
further still one comes to the top of the stairs and enters the kitchen of 
the keep — the most important, though probably not the largest kitchen 
in the castle — the castle of three hundred years ago, which encircled acres 
within its bailey walls and towers. This kitchen was the "lady's bower" 
or drawing-room of the original keep. The lower parts of the windows 
in this room are built up, and the level of the floor, which rests on the 
vaulting of the chapel chamber, is raised to fit it to its altered purpose. 
All the changes made in and about this room at the time of the building 
of the great addition are too numerous to mention here, and I will only 
say that the original fireplace was probably in the middle of the floor, 
the smoke escaping through a louvre in the roof. Here in passing I 
must point out that the frame of the door at the east side of the kitchen 
is in a tottering condition, but a very small outlay would put it into good 
repair. The upper part of the south-east coigne of the peel may be seen 
rising through the floor of the second uppermost of the great halls in the 
main building to the left of the great fireplace, and no bonding is visible. 
Thus parts of all four corners and parts of all four sides of the original 
peel may be seen in the stately tower which forms the present magnificent 
and venerable keep of Blarney Castle. 

There is another portion of the castle about which I must say a few 
words, namely, what is called " the dungeon." Now, this never was a 
dungeon (meaning a prison) ; it was simply the castle well, around and 
over which was built a tower from which a covered way (now stopped) 
led up into the courtyard (probably the innermost of two or even three 
courtyards) of the castle. This tower and covered way were necessary 
for the protection of the servants, whose duty it was to draw water for 
the garrison in time of siege. It is a pity that the wall which stops the 


covered way is not removed and visitors allowed to amuse themselves by 
going through this curious passage, which I know was open less than a 
hundred years ago. 

Perhaps I ought also to say something about the uses of the principal 
rooms in the main portion of the keep, and a few words with reference 
to the roof and the parapet. The room to the left of the entrance door 
of the keep was the guardroom. The chamber opposite the entrance 
door was the store room. The large chamber i now floorless) immediately 
above the store room was probably divided by timber partitions seven or 
eight feet high into sleeping places for the young gentlemen of the family 
and for honoured guests. I must say it would be a great improvement 
if the built-up windows of this now very gloomy hall were opened. 
The fine stone-floored apartment above this was the drawing-room ; here 
the MacCarthy, his family, and his guests spent most of their time when 
indoors ; here the)- played the harp and lute, and danced and sang, and 
here the younger people made love, and the elders talked over the politics 
of the day — the politics of four hundred years ago ; and in winter here 
the)- all gathered round the mighty hearth filled with blazing logs, and 
discussed (in Irish) such items of news as the discover)- of a new world 
by a man named Columbus. The floor was strewn with rushes, and on 
it doubtless man)- a night when the gentlefolks had retired to their 
sleeping rooms the maid-servants spread their humble pallets and slept — 
often more comfortably than their betters did in the less airy bedrooms. 
Above the drawing-room was the banqueting-hall (now floorless and 
roofless;. This was a splendid room, made lofty by the rise of the 
massive oaken roof. Here the Lord of Muskerry, his family, his guests, 
and his retainers all sat down together at one table, and eat and drank 
and made merry, the gentry being placed above that is at the master's 
side of) the principal salt cellar, which was generally about the size of a 
quart measure, and the servants and their friends sitting below it. The 
plates and dishes were all either pewter or timber, and, with the exception 
of a couple of large carvers, there were no forks ; glasses were unknown, 
except as curiosities, silver cups, and pewter, horn, wooden, and leather 
goblets being the drinking vessels of those days. The floor of this room 
also was strewn with rushes, and on it at night, wrapped in blankets or 
their cloaks, the men-servants slept the sleep of the weary. For the first 
hundred years or thereabouts of its existence there were probably not 
more than three or four chairs in the castle — one or two in the banqueting- 
hall, and one or two in the drawing-room; all the other movable - 
were either stools or forms. Indeed in the fifteenth century there was but 
little furniture of any kind even in the grandest residences. The roof was 
covered with either tiles or lead, most like!)' the latter ; slates, I believe, 


were then never used in Ireland, and very little used anywhere ; and the 
near proximity of the great kitchen chimney would have rendered thatch 
extremely dangerous. As to the parapet, the merlons or blocks of 
masonry between the embrasures or gaps in the parapet were each 
crowned in the centre by a chisel-shaped stone similar to those which 
still remain in the upper parts of the merlons, so that formerly the 
parapet presented the appearance of two steps up and two steps down 
all round. 

In this hurried paper I have made no attempt to give a technically 
accurate account of any portion of the castle. I have simply tried to 
draw attention to one very unusual — perhaps unique — peculiarity in a 
building, every portion of which is full of interest, and over all of which 
hangs the halo of romance. 

The keep of the castle of Carrignamuck, which was admirably 
described by our learned Vice-President in vol. i., first series of this 
Journal^ is externally of the same shape as that of Blarney Castle ; but 
in the former the projecting portion is a part of the structure itself, all 
being built together at the same time. This projection contains the newel 
stair, which fits very conveniently into it. As the two castles were built 
by the same lord of Muskerry, who was killed in 1495, and as Carrigna- 
muck keep is a finished copy of what the Blarney keep became with its 
later addition, it may be inferred that the order of building was, first, 
the original small keep (a) of Blarney, next the addition (b) bringing 
this keep to its existing form, and last a smaller copy of this form in 

It may be added that Kilcrea Castle, built by the same lord of Mus- 
kerry, has two keeps, detached however, and not united except by the 
curtain walls of its bailey, or courtyard, and that one of these keeps is 
much older than the other, and of about the dimensions of the original 
small keep {a) of Blarney, and that it has, like this latter, its entrance 
at the first floor at a height of ten feet or so above the ground level, an 
arrangement found oftner in the older castles than in those of later times. 




C4t4?]x Crjjrjnijr- 

By J. F. LYNCH. 


HAVE referred to the Limerick and Waterford traffic 
having to pass through Caherconlish. The old road, 
and the only road between these two cities, ran through 
the town, and as the traffic in early days between 
Limerick and the eastern counties was very consider- 
able, the Burkes of Caherconlish, "with their feet on 
their native heath," who very often slightly tapped 
this traffic, obtained for themselves no small advantage from it. It was 
done by other chiefs, and why should the lords of Clanwilliam not turn 
an honest penny when it came their way. Ships sailing up the Shannon 
with rich cargoes for the port of Limerick, had their burdens considerably 
lightened by the chieftains who dwelt along the banks of the Shannon. 
Many a barrel of good wine in this manner found its way to the cellars 
of O'Bryen, of Carrigogunnel ; O'Conor, of Carrigfoyle , O'Cahaine, of 
Keilruish ; MacMahon, of Balliolman ; and MacMorrough, of Finies ; 
and Tibbott Burke, of Caherconlish, was nothing loth to follow such good 
exemplars. A very good old rule prevailed in those days which quite met 
the requirements of those practically-minded chieftains. Wordsworth has 
tersely explained the "good old rule" — 

The good old rule sufficeth them — the simple plan 

That those may take who have the power, and those may keep who can. 

So at the " inquisition taken before the king's commissioners at 
Lymerick, the Thursday next before Shroft Tuesday, which was the 
13th day of Februarii in the 33 yeare of our Sovereign Lord, King Henry 
the Eight, . . . we do find . . . that Donogh O'Bryen/ 1 ) of Bally- 
tarsna Castle, near Drumkeen, and his neighbour, Tibbott Bourke, of 

(0 The O'Briens, of Ballytarsna, "thwart townland," were descended from Donn- 
chadh, or Donogh, second son of Brien Boroimhe. Sir George Carew says it 
"neere a great Fastnesse," the Knockgrean range, and remarks it was a very strong 
castle, and "not to be wonne but by the Cannon," the Rebels quitted it at his 
approach, " and therein was found great plenty of Graine." Not a stone of the castle 
is now left, but the site is known, and from the numerous ghost stories told by the 
people, it must be a very eerie place. Further on, at the east side of old Pallas, the 
O'Briens had another castle built on the top of a tine moat, situated in t lie townland 
of Cloghadreen, "castle of the blackthorns'' {draeighean). The last stones of this 
castle were removed very early in the century. This moat is haunted, any amount of 


Caherkinlish, in the county of Lymerick, Gentl., do take, the former, of 
every pack that passeth from Lymerick to Waterfourd, 2od., and of every 
horse load of wares coming from Waterfourd to Lymerick 5d., and that 
the saith Donogh the 15th day of Januarii last past tooke from John 
Harold, Nicholas Harold, Patrick Rochfort, and Richard Verdon, for 
packs, eleaven duccats, and soe of divers others ; the latter is found to 
have taken the 10th day of Januarii, to 33rd year of Henry VIII., and 
divers before and after, of one William Young of Lymerick, merchant, 
for seaven loads of oaths, yd., and soe divers others of the sayd cittie 
daylie. And of James Fox of the same for ten barrells of vvyne depart- 
inge out of the same cittye into the countrie 2d. in extortion." 

In the Carew MSS. Richard Burck, of Cahirconlish, is named as one 
of the leading freeholders and gentlemen of county Limerick in 1570. 

In the Calendar of Patent and Close Rolls, 38 Elizabeth, 1596, there 
is a list of the possessions of Peter Walshe, of Abbey Owney, now 
Abington, in which it is mentioned that he held the tithes and appur- 
tenances of Karkenlyshe, Ballynelye {qy. Carrickparson), Riordan (Rath- 
jordan) and Charelley) Caherelly). 

In Speede's Map of Munster (1610) Caherconlish is marked B. Liskin, 
a case of putting the car before the horse. 

In the year 1600 there was a Theobald Burke living in Caherconlish 
Castle. Sir George Carew gives in Pacata Hibernia a description of the 
ignominious way in which he treated him, causing him to crawl on his 
hands and knees to beg pardon. 'Twas other times with the Burkes 
then. When I come to deal with his brother, John Burke, of Brittas 
Castle. I shall give the quotation from Pacata Hibernia. 

In 1645 the Burkes having taken part in that rebellion bid goodbye 
to Caherconlish, and the estate was granted to Sir Ralph Wilson, knight, 
who held Limerick as governor at Cromwell's death, and was one of the 
signatories to the document signed by the governors of Limerick, Cork, 
Waterford, Galway, and other places, in which they said they would hold 

ghostly visitants hold high revel there. O'Donovan says that this moat is "supposed 
to be the object originally called Pailis," but might not the castle have been the Pailis ; 
there were castles as Pallasmore, county Tipperary, and Pallaskenry, county Limerick. 
The moat of course was there before the castle, but whether it was called Pailis or 
not cannot be now known, the name is applied to many forts as being fairy palaces. 
The moat is like an inverted bason, and the people say it is hollow, and that a 
passage runs from it and opens on the public road a couple of hundred yards north 
of the moat. An earthen fence, five feet high and fifteen feet from the moat, partly 
surrounds it. The moat is one hundred and seventy paces in circumference at bottom, 
and eighty paces at top. Its oblique height is thirty-four feet, it was formerly much 
higher, but earth was taken for top dressing until dread of the fairies' displeasure put 
a stop to the work of destruction. A number of terraces encircle the moat from bottom 
to top. I counted eight at distances of about four feet apart. This moat may perhaps 
be a burial mound and the Carn-Conaill of the legend. (For legend see Dr. Joyce's 
Irish Names of Places, vol. ii., p. 242.) 


the towns, etc., for King Charles II., if he came back. Sir Ralph Wilson 
was succeeded in the governorship of Limerick by the Earl of Orrery, 
who remarks in a letter dated May 25th, 1666, that the pa)- is ,£10 a 
year, together with the profits of the king's part of the island. Sir Ralph 
Wilson received extensive grants of forfeited estates in the counties 
of Limerick and Clare. lie was four times mayor of Limerick, in 1 
1664, 1667 and 1668. The property passed out of the hands of the 
Wilson family in 1866, having been purchased by Mr. Daniel F. Gabbctt, 
the present owner. Mr. Charles Monck Wilson, the late owner, now 
resides at Kingstown, count)- Dublin. William Wilson, of Caherconlish, 
was high sheriff of Limerick County in 172 1, and was representative in 
Parliament for Limerick City in 1739. 

It is very satisfactory to know that the ancient city of Caherconlish 
always held its own, and sometimes took more than its own from its 
modern neighbour, Limerick. We arc well acquainted with what our 
representative, Tibbott Burke, did to the Limerick merchants in the 
sixteenth century, and when Limerick in the eighteenth century tried 
to turn the tables, Caherconlish sturdily protested. On the 22nd of 
June, 1749, Joseph Gabbett, esq., of Doonstown, in a letter addressed to 
Ambrose Wilson, esq., of Caherconlish, gives an account of a dispute 
he had with the Limerick Corporation, who took from him market toll 
"just three times as much as they had a right to," and he proceeds to 
encourage Mr. Wilson, who had a case at law with the corporation 
concerning these excessive charges. 

Branches of the Wilson family settled also at Boher, near Caher- 
conlish, and at Bilboa, in the parish of Doon. The last male of the 
Bilboa branch was Edward Warter Wilson, who married Frances Anne, 
daughter of the second Lord Carbery, and had issue one daughter, who 
married Sir John Rouse, but had no family. Bilboa Court was attacked 
by the rebels in 179S. 

The name Wilson is said to be derived from Wolf Son ; a Saxon 
bishop, Wulfsin, is mentioned in the time of Edward the Confessor. 
Most families of the name of Wilson* 2 ) retain the wolf, or wolf's head, 
sometimes along with three stars, which in heraldry are stated to be " the 
emblems of prudence, the rule of all virtues, enlightening us through the 
darkness of this world." 

The Gabbett family has been connected with Caherconlish district 
since the year 1664, when the Caherline property was purchased by 
William Gabbett, whose descendant and chief of Clangabbctt is Mr. 
Richard J. Gabbctt, of Caherline, near Castle Connel, which was named 

00 The Caherconlish Wilsons have the wolf with stars, and their motto is Vigilate. 


from the old family place in Caherconlish. Several branches of this 
family were at one time residing in Caherconlish district, at Bally vor- 
neen (purchased from the Maunsells), at Caherlfne, at Rathjordan, at 
High Park, and Mount Minnitt. 

Ballyvorneen Castle, (3) about two miles to the east of Caherconlish, in 
the time of Charles I. belonged to MacClancy. We may form an idea 
how powerful the Clan William was then, when it is stated that in a 
district studded with castles from Cahirelly to O'Brien's Bridge, there 
was not a gentleman whose name was not Burke, save MacClancy, of 
Ballyvorneen, and 0'Heyne, (4) of Cahirelly. 

The MacClancys were a branch of the MacNamaras, of Clare, and 
were hereditary Brehons to the O'Brien's, of Thomond, and they also 
acted in the sam