Skip to main content

Full text of "A Journal of the life, travels, and labours in the work of the ministry, of John Griffith, late of Chelmsford in Essex, in Great Britain, formerly of Darby, in Pennsylvania"

See other formats


-=—' — ^^ " — —^ 



n ^- 


J o U R N A --fe 


■ L.... T.Av»s. and L.BOui:!- 
\ ^,„^^ „, «s MIHISTRV. 

o ? ' 

t O H N G R 1 ^ ^ 

. ■ ' ■ Essex, in Great B^-tA.n, 


py J O S E P H C R U J S H ^^.^,.ft,,,„. 

A Testimony from the Monthly- 
Meeting of WiTHAM, in Essex, 



TH E charafter of this our well beloved 
Friend being fo generally known, we 
eiteem it unneceflary to extend our Teftimo- 
ny concerning him, further than the time 
of his arrival and refidence amongft us. 

In the year 1747, being a ntember of the 
monthly-meeting of Darby, Chefter-coun- 
ty, in Pennfylvania, he was concerned to 
vifit; the churches in Great-Britain and Ire- 
land ; during which engagement his mind 
^as imprefTed with appehenfion of duty to 
fettle in this nation ; the importance where- 
of was attended with earneft fupplication 
to the Lord, that he might be rightly di- 
reded therein ; and, after deliberate confide- 
ration, finding the expediency of his remo- 
val clearly confirmed, he returned to Ame- 
rica, where, having fettled his affairj^ with 
the concurrence of his brethren, he removed 
to England; and entering into marriage- 
covenant with Frances Wyatt, of Chelmf- 
|ford, became a member of this meeting - 
Wherein, we trufl, the fruits of his Ikbour 
Ifford fubftantial evidence of able talents 
|iithfully applied. Few were his companions 
' aloufly concerned for the reftoration of 

>d order, which rendered the taflc more 
us; yet in regard to the exercife of 


dirciplinc, compared with the fet^ in wiiicii 
lie found it, confiderabie regulation hath 
been effected. . 

His gift was eminently adapted to fervice: 
in miniftry found, powerful, _ and cleat; 
in difcipline, diligent and judicious ; fearch- 
ino- impartially into the caufes whence the 
circulation of life was obftruded, which 
operative care, difturbing the falfe reft of 
lukewarm profelTors, hath, at times, ct- 
cited theirfteleafure; yet being mercifully 
preferved frSn the fpots of the world, and 
endued with authority to fpeak feehngly to 
the ftates of his hearers, in him that proverb 
was remarkably verified, " \¥hen a man s 
" ways pleafe the Lord, he nlaketh even 
" his enemies to be at peace with him. 

In doubtful cafes, he manifefted an ex- 
emplary tendernefs and forbearance, parti- 
cularly refpeaing fuch as appeared preflimp- 
tuous in launching into religious engage- 
ments above their qualification, being dif- 
pofedto afford full opportunity for trial; 
obferving, upon thefe occafions, it would be 
moft acceptable, that deluded pcrfons per- 
ceived their error by its effeds : but when 
thorou-hly convinced of unfoundnefs, he 
faithfully difcharged the duty of an elder, 
in the application of plain-aeahng, which, 
indeed, was his pecuhar talent ; jct fo tem. 
pered with difcretion, both in mmiftry an 
difcipline, that we believe few have fil''" 
thefe important ftations with more gt 
..H-obation: nor were his amiable qu 
' connu' 



O F 



IT" hath been much upon my mind 
(efpecially of late) to write fomething 
by way of journal, of my life, travels, and 
experience in the gracious and merciful 
dealings of the Lord with me, through the 
Courfe of my pilgrimage in this world ; to- 
gether with fome remarks on the ftate of 
our fociety in my time, interfperfed with 
divers obfervations relating to our condudl, 
in various ftations of life, but chiefly in a 
religious fenfe ; to remain, when my body 
is laid in the duft, a lading memorial and 
teflimony to the truth. And as the Lord 
fhall be pleafed to open my underftanding, 
I may alfo afford profitable way-marks to 
fome weary travellers^, who are- feeking a 

2 The JOURNAL; of 

city that hath foundations, whofe buildei 
and maker is'lEod. 

I was born on the 21 ft day of the 5th 
month, 1713, in Radnorfliire, South Wales; 
being favoured with parents who had' th"e 
fubftance of reUgion in themfelves, and 
were confcientioufly concerned to train 
up their children in the fear of God» 
The names of my parents were John 
and Amy GriiEth; my mother (as I re- 
member) was educated in fociety with the 
people called Quakers, and a fteady valua- 
ble friend flie was ; having at times, a few 
words, byway of teftimony, tenderly to drop 
in religious meetings, which were accept- 
able to friends. My father, as I have heard 
him relate, was convinced of the blelTed 
truth after he had arived to man's eftate, 
and found it a great crofs to join in fociety 
with the defpifed Quakers; he being the 
only one of the family, which was pretty 
large, that joined in fociety with that peo- 
ple. But the Lord making hard things 
eafy to him, he gave up, in earneft, to 
the heavenly difcoveries, and, in procefs 
of time, had a difpenfation of the gofpel 
of peace and falvation committed to him; 
wherein he laboured, in the parts where 
he lived, with remarkable fincerity and up- 
rightnels ; being indeed a truly living mi- 
nifter, and an heavenly-minaed man, as I 
well remember, though I left him when I 
^was young, and never faw J;xim again. He 



feillied hiscourfein this world, on the 24th 
of the 2d month, in the year 1745; it is 
added in the regifter oi ehe Rionthly-meetiug 
to which he beloifged,. thus, viz. ^^He wsls a 
** minifter R?iany years, and left a good report 
** behind him among all forts of people,'' 
He was a Serviceable inftrnnient in the Lord's 
hand againfl imdtre liberties,, whicb were 
then creeping in;; and wass Tery. deeply 
affedted with the declining fbtte of Ac 
church in thofe parts (many havinig remo- 
Ted to America) which feoe has deceaic 
are become almaft a defolatioii. 

Having thus paid a linal! tribute^ ^hicli 
I thought due,, to the memory af isy wartliy 
parents, I fliall proceed ta give aa accoimt 
of my fslf, 

I was fav-onred with the Iieart-meltisg 
dictations of God*s love, I tlsielz^ when 
about ieven or eight years eld; tmd fre- 
quently experienced his name to be ia the 
ailemblies of his people as pi^ecioBS oint- 
ment poi^red forth; whereby xnj defiies 
were greatly raifed to attend naeetiags for 
divine worlhip. For alchoughj^ like Sinned 
of old,, I was as yet imacqoainte'd with the 
voice of God, neither did I clearly "onder- 
ftand from whence that precious conibla- 
tion, which I felt, came; yet, I well re- 
member ibmething working powerfully ia 
my tender w(^!c mind, by way of oppoiition 
to that fweet heavenly enjoymei^t, in order 
to deprive me thereof, by prefeutixsg to my 

B A lew 

4 The JOURNAL of 

view fome tranfitory delight, and by filling 
my mind with vain unprofitable, and fome- 
times wicked and blafphemons thoughts, 
which were a very great afHidlion to me. 
Then he, who was a liar from the begin- 
ning, would fuggefl to my weak mind, that 
the only way to get over fuch uneafinefs, 
was to give way to thofe thoughts, and to 
be utterly regardlefs of what pafTed through 
my mind. I found the flefh wanted eafe, 
and, to fave its felf, willingly joined here- 
in with the temptations of Satan, whereby 
I got a kind of prefent eafe ; but it was by 
fuch gratifications fts tended to beap up 
w^rath againft the day of wrath, and the re- 
velation of the righteous judgments of God. 
So that, notwithibinding the falfe eafe con- 
trived by my foul's enemy, I did, at times, 
very fenfibly feel, as I grew up, this peace 
difturbed and broken by a fenfe of God's 
wrath, revealed from heaven againft my un- 
rig hteoufnefs ; and great bitternefs of fpirit 
I was often in, when the chaftening of the 
Lord was upon me for fin. I vv^ould, at,, 
fuch times, enter into covenant with the 
Lord, promifing amendment ; but as thofe 
promifes were made much in my own will, 
they were foon broken, and that would in- 
creafe the weight of my horror and dif- 
trefs: the Lord, in infinite mercy, being 
pleafcd to find me out, and to plead with 
me as in the valley of decifion. . In wri- 
ting' this, my mind is greatly moved with 



pity and bowels of compalTion towards 
inconfiderate youth; who for the fake of 
trifling vanities, flighting their own mer- 
cies, are lubje<!:led to diftrefs of mind: and 
the cafe is ftill worfe, when by repeated dif-r 
obedience and rebellion againfb God's un- 
merited grace, they have almoft ftifled his 
divine witnefs in their own hearts, and 
go on with impunity; for an awakening 
time will come, foon or late, which muft 
flrike all fuch with horror and amaze- 
mtent. May it be in mercy ! 

My godly parents were very careful to pre-* 
vent my falling into evil company ; notwith- 
ftanding which, I frequently, without their 
knowledge, found fuch, and joined them in 
thofe vanities which are incident to youth; 
and perhaps was not a whit behind any of 
them therein: yet in the cool of the day, 
I was fliarply reproved for the fame ; nay 
fomctimes, in the very midfl of my folly. 
But by this time I wanted to lilence that 
pure witnefs againft evil in my heart. Oh I 
I have often lince, with deep reverence, 
thankfully admired the long-fufFering of a 
gracious God, in that he did not cut me 
ofF, when I wilfully refifted the reproof of 
his inftrudtion, which is the way to life, 
becaufe I wanted my living in the vain plea- 
fures of this perifhing world. 

When I was about the age of thirteen 
years, a friend who had lived fomc time in 
Pennfylvania, being in our parts, and fre- 

6 The JOURNAL oi^ 

quendy at our houfe, gave a very pJeafmg 
account of that country, l having two 
uncles and one a\int there, fome of whom 
hsid before written to encourage our going 
over thither, my inclination grev/ very 
ilrong to go; though my parents, efpecially 
eiy father, was at firft very much againfl 
it. But I . was as one imnioveably bent for 
going; which when my parents faw, and 
that an elder brother inclined to go with 
me, they at length confented thereunto, and 
procured a certificate of our being in unity 
with Friends. There being a family of 
Friends, out of the compaCs of our month-- 
iy meeting, aifo going over in the fame 
fhip, we were delivered under their care, 
and in the year 1726, we embarked at M'll^ 
ford-Haven, on board the Conftantine gal- 
ley of Briftol, Edward Foy mafter. We 
had a paflagc of about eight weeks from 
land to land. We were about eighty of 
ninety paffeiigers, generally healthy, a- 
mongil whom three children were bori^ 
wdiilfl on board, and none removed by 
death. My uncle, John Morgan, who 
lived about 1 2 miles from the city of Phi- 
ladelphia, hearing of our arrival, came on 
board, and condu(51:ed us to his own houfc, 
where I continued for fome time, my bro- 
ther, being a Tveaver, fettled at my aunt 
Mary Fennel's, following his trade. 

Removing from under my parents watch- 
ful care over me, for my good, furnillicd 
nic with great opportunity to gratify a vaiji 



mind, in the foolifh amufements of a tran- 
iitory world, towards which I had biit too 
gr^at an inclination. But I have this to 
iky, in crder that parents may be encoura- 
ged to exert their godiy endeavours for the 
prefervation of their children, that I do 
iledfaflly believe, the religious care of my 
parents over me in my youth, irnpreffed ib 
great -an awe upon my mind, that, through 
the bleffing of Divine Providence, it wa^ 
a great means of my prefervation from 
grofs enormities* though I had great op- 
portunity of being plunged thereinto, after 
I left them. I hope ever to retain a grate- 
ful and thankful remembrance of thofe 
gracious prefervations, when I confider, 
how narrowly I have efcaped thofe rocks, 
^pon which many have been fhipwrecked 
and ruined. 

I was fometimes vilited, and in degree 
awakened to a fenfe of my undone con- 
dition without a Saviour, after my arrival 
in America, though not fo frequently as 
when I was younger. As I had often^ oh 
very often ! knowingly withftood it, my 
tafte for worldly pleaiiires being now grown 
ftronger, I was very unwilling to give up 
to the call of Chrift. I could plead abund- 
ance of excules, concluding among other 
things, that I was but young, and might 
live a great many years ; that if I did take 
my fwing a few years, I might become re- 
ligious fooner than many others had done, 


8 The JOURNAL of 

who were brave men in their day. I would, 
however, to make myfelf the more eafy for 
that time, fnlly determine to be a very re- 
ligious good man, at one time or other; 
but it muft not be yet. Thus, through 
the grofs darknefs v/hich had covered my 
mind, I who had no certainty of feeing the 
light of one. day more, was prevailed upon, 
by the fubtilty of Satan, to run the dread- 
ful hazard of a future repentance and 
amendment of life, and fo became worfe 
and more hardened in evil, though ftill 
preferved out of grofs pollutions, or what 
are commonly fo efteemed; I was afraid to 
tell a lie, except to embellifh, or fet off 
a pleafant or merry tale or ftory; appre- 
hending it no great crime to tell a lie in 
jeft. I never remember to have fworn an 
oath, or uttered a curfe in my life. Nor 
was I ever prevailed upon, in my cuflo- 
mary converfation, to depart from the rules 
of my education, refpecfting the plain lan- 
guage, thee and thou to one, and you to 
more than one; all this time preferving a 
pretty fair charadler amongft men, as none 
could charge me with any thing accounted 
fcandalous. I retained much love and re- 
gard for thofe I thought truly religious; 
efpecially weighty fubftantial miniflers of 
the everlafting gofpel ; and I believe had a 
better fenfe of their fpirits and labours, than 
fome of my companions had, and therefore 
was afraid to defpife or fpeak contempri- 



bly of fuch, as fome of my afloGiates did. 
In this carnal degenerate ftate, I did com- 
monly, in a cuftomary way, attend firfl- 
day meetings, and moftly had the liberty 
of going on other days of the week, when 
any minifters from diftant parts came to 
viflt Abington meeting, to which I belong- 
ed : but alas ! it was to little or* no good 
pnrpofe, as the labour beftowed upon me, 
by miniftry or otherwife, was like water fpik 
upon a ftone, that foon runs ofi again with- 
out any entrance ; I being indeed for Ibme 
time, like the heath in the defart, not 
knowing when good came: and if at any 
time, the feed of God's kingdom fell upon 
my heart, which was like the high- way 
ground, it was loon taken away, and I 
prefently loft the favour thereof. 

When I had arrived to upwards of nine- 
teen years of age, I was, through infinite 
mercy never to be forgotten, viiited in an ex- 
traordinary manner; concerning which, as 
it was the happy means of turning my 
mind, in a good degree, from the perifhing 
vanities of an uncertain w^orld, to the God 
of all fure mercies, I intend to be fome- 
what particular. One evening, behig with 
divers of my companions in vanity, and 
under no reftraint, as the heads of the fa- 
mily were not at home, we carried our 
frothy vain converfation, and foolifli rude 
actions, to a higher degree of v/icked mad- 
nefs, than I ever was guilty of before, in 


lo The journal or 

tvhkh I flippofe I was as a ringleader. On 
this account, I felt fome fliaqj lailies of 
can fcience as I went tc^ bed that night ; and 
a thoughtful nefs took hold of my mind, 
that we had not a being in this world for 
fuch a pnrpofe, or to fpend our time as 
above mentioned, of which I gave fome 
hint to my bed-^fellow; yet this conviclioii 
did not fink fa deep, but that I pretty foon 
got to fleep. I had not flept long, before 
z melfenger alarmed me with an aceouat^ 
that one of my jolly eoirbpanions, who was 
then in the houfe, and whd^, 1 think, had 
been the bell of us, was dying,, defiring 
me to go immediately to him, which, I 
did. I was exceedingly ft ruck with horror 
of mind, at the thoughts of the manner 
in which we had fpent the evening before, 
and the fudden ftroke that followed tipon 
this poor man. But when I came to his 
bedfide, and faw the dreadful agony he was 
in, my horror was increafed beyond all 
exprefFion ; as none of us expelled he could 
live many hours. For my part, I was fo 
deeply plunged into anxiety of mind, that 
it feemed as if the pains and terrors of hell 
had laid hold of me already ; and I w^as then 
in full expedlation there 'was no deliverance 
for me therefrom; but that I fliould die, 
with the weight of that diflrefs which was 
upon me, before morning. This happened 
on a feventh-day night, and though the 
young man in time recovered, yet he was 



not fit to be left next day, which hindered 
me from going to meeting, to which I 
was exceedingly defirous to have gone; for 
by this time I was pretty thoroughly awa- 
kened to a fenfe of duty ; and it being a week 
before the like opportunity prefented to me 
again, it feemed the longeil week I had ever 
known. Oh, how did I long to prefent 
myfelf before the Lord in the alTembiies of 
his people! that I might pour forth my in- 
ward cries before him, in a ftate of fincere 
repentance, and deep contrition of foul ; 
which, through the effecftual operation of 
his power in my heart, I was then in a 
condition to do. Now I clearly faw, that 
repentance is the gift of God, and that his 
love, wherewith he hath loved us in Chrift 
Jefus our Lord, leads fihners thereinto. 
The flefhly will being, for the prefent, 
overcome and filenced, there was a giving 
up, with all readinefs of mind, to the 
Lord's requirings. There was not any thing 
then too near to part with for the real and 
fubftantial enjoyment of the beloved of my 
foul; for 1 was brought in degree to expe- 
rience, that he came " for judgment into this 
^^ world, that they which fee not might fee; 
*' and that they which fee might be made blind. 
I could no longer look upon my 
delights with any fatisfadlion, but inftead 
thereof, had a glorious view of the beauti- 
ful fituation of mount Sion, and my face was 
turned thitherward, and for the joy which 
C was 

12 The journal of 

was fet before me, I was made willing to en- 
dure '' the crofs of Chrift, and to defpife the 
'' fhame ;" and though I became a wonder and 
a gazing flock to my former companions, I 
did not much regard it, knowing I had juft 
caufe fo to be. My great change ftruck 
them v/ith fome awe, for I obferved they 
had not the boldnefs to mocl^ or deride* me 
before my face. 

The young man, who was an inftrument 
in the divinfe hand for my awakening, and 
his brother, were both greatly reached and 
deeply affeded, for the prefent, by the above- 
mentioned wonderful vilitation, and there 
was a very vilible change in them for a time ; 
but, like the feed that fell on the ftony 
ground, they withered away, and did not 
become fruitful to God. 

I greatly rejoiced when firft day came, 
that I might go to meeting; which proved 
to me indeed a memorable one, there being 
two public friends, ftrangers, fent thither, 
as I thought, on my account; for moft of 
what they had to deliver, appeared to me 
applicable to my ftate. Now^ did I, in 
fome degree, experience the fubftance of 
what was intended, by the " baptifm of water 
*' unto repentance; the wafliing of water by 
*' the word; and being born of water and the 
*' fpirit.'' All which would be fully feen, and 
clearly underftood, by the profefTors of Chrif- 
tianity, were they rightly acquainted with the 
*' gofpelof Chrift; which is the power of God 

*' unto 


** unto falvation." This power, inwardly re- 
vealed, is alone able to work that change ia 
them, without which, our Lord faith none 
fhall fo much as fee the kingdom of God. 
But alas ! being carnal in their minds, a fpiri- 
tual religion doth not fuit them ; for, as faith 
the fcripture, '' the natural man receiveth not 
*' the things of the fpirit of God, for they are 
" foolifhnefs unto him ; neither can he know 
*' them, becaufe they are fpirit ually difcern- 
*' ed." Hence it is, that the profeffors of the 
Chriftian name, retain iigns and fhadows, 
whilft the fubflance is neglected ; pleading for 
the continuance of types, when the antitype 
is but little regarded : where this latter is ex- 
perienced, all Ihadows and types vanifh 
and come to an end ; as did the legal types, 
when Chriil, the antitype, came, and intro- 
duced his difpenfation, which is altogether 
of a fpiritual nature. And, what is yet 
more wonderful, and an evidence of great 
ignorance, is, to find thofe happy and bleffed 
eife(3:s, which are only produced by the bap- 
tifm of Chrifl with the Holy Ghoft, attribut- 
ed or annexed to the ceremonies of fprinkling 
a little water by a prieft in a child's face : 
for, when that is done, the prieft prays, 
* that old Adam in the child may be bu- 
ried; that the new man may be raifed up in 
him; that all carnal afFedion may die in 
him; and that all things belonging to the 
fpirit may live and grow in him.' Then he 
prays, that the element of water may be 


J4 The JOURNAL oi 

fan(?llfied to the wafliing away fin. The 
child is then faid to be received into the 
congregation of Chrift's flock, and ligned 
with the fign of the crofs : when this is 
done, they acknowledge the child to be 
regenerate, and grafted into the body of 
Chrift's church, and return thanks to God, 
in that he hath been pleafed to regenerate 
that infant with his Holy Spirit, and to 
receive him for his own by adoption; 
Concerning a child fprinkled, they fay, 
* who being born in original fin, and the 
wa^ath of God, is now, by the laver of re- 
generation in baptifrn, received into the 
number of the children of God, and heirs 
of evcrlafting life.' They fay, by baptifrn, 
viz. fprinkling infants, that they have put 
on Chrift, and that they are made chil- 
dren of God and of the light. They hold 
children baptized, dying before they com- 
mit ad;ual fin, are undoubtedly faved ; 
which feemeth to imply, others are not. 
Behig now weary of reciting thefe palpable 
errors, I Ihall proceed with the account of 
my own progrefs, in the real experience of 
this great work of regeneration, or the 
new birth, vvhich, I well know, is not ob- 
tained at fo eafy a rate as above-mentioned.' 
This adminiflration of water by the word 
conthiucd in a remarkable manner upon me,^ 
for about three months, in which I found 
great fatisfaclion, as it was accompained 
with an heavenly fweetnefs, like healing 



balfam upon my wounded fpirit; my heart 
being melted before the Lord, as wax is 
melted before the fire. Great was my de- 
light in reading the holy fcriptures, and 
other good books; being favoured, at that 
time, to receive much comfort and im- 
provement thereby. But this eafy melting 
difpenfation, was to give way to a more 
powerful one, that the floor might be tho- 
roughly purged, even the baptifm with the 
Holy Ghofl and fire: for the former dif- 
penfation of the Lord to my foul feemed 
much to refemble John's baptifm with 
water unto repentance, as being the real 
thing fignified thereby, in order to prepare 
the way of the Lord. 

Under this difpenfation I was for a time 
exceedingly diflreffed, in a fenfe of the great 
alteration I found in the ftate of my mind ; 
attributing it to fome caufe given by me, 
that I was thus, as I thought, forfaken. 
All the former tend^ernefs was gone, and I 
was as the parched ground. My agonies 
were fo great, that when it was day I 
wiflied for night ; and when it was night I 
wifhed for day. In meetings for worfhip, 
where I had enjoyed mofl fatisfadlion, I now 
was under the greatefl weight of pain and 
diftrefs, even to that degree, at times, that 
I could fcarcely forbear crying aloud for 
mere agony. When meeting was over*, I 
would fometimes walk a confiderable way 
into the woods, that \inheard by any mor- 

i6 The JOURNAL op 

tal, I mighty in mournful accents, give 
vent to my greatly diftreffed foul. In this 
doleful ftate of mind, the grand adverfary 
was permitted to pour forth floods of temp- 
tations. I was almofl conftantly befet with 
evil thoughts, which exceedingly grieved 
me ; for though I v^ras in fuch a dark dif- 
treffed condition, my mind was, by this 
time, too much enlightened to allow of, or 
jpin with, wicked and corrupt tboxights : 
yet I often judged myfelf, and I believe at 
times not without caufe, being apprehen- 
five, I v/as not earneft enough in refilling 
thofe evil thoughts and temptations. But, 
oh! I was exceeding weak in thofe days; 
and I am perfuaded the Lord, in graciolis 
condefcenfion, looked mercifully at the fin- 
cerity of my intention, not marking all my 
failings, or I could not have flood before 
him in any degree of acceptance. Very 
great were my temptations, and deep my 
diftrefs of mind for about a year ; in which 
time I was but as a little child in under- 
{landing the way and work of God upon 
me, for my redemption. Yet, he who 
will not break the bruifed reed, nor quench 
the fmoaking flax, until he fends forth 
judgment unto vidlory, by his invifible 
power, bore up my head above the rage- 
ing waves of temptation, fo that the enemy 
found he could not overwhelm me there- 
with : the Lord teaching my hands to war, 
^nd my fingers to fight under his banner, 



through whofe blefling and alTiftance, I 
found fome degree of vidlory over the bead, 
viz. that part which hath its Ufe in flelhly 
gratifications. Then began the falfe pro-- 
phet to work with figns and lying won- 
ders, in order to deceive my weak and un- 
fl^ilful underftanding ; as it is written, 
* Satan is transformed into an angel of light :' 
fo I found him, at leaft in appearance. He 
that goes about feeking whom he may de- 
vour, perceiving I was too much enlighten- 
ed from above, to be eafily drawn into fen- 
fuality, craftily attempted my deftrucSion 
another way, viz. by fetting himfelf up, 
undifcovered then by me, for a gviide in the 
way of mortification, which I was then re- 
folved, through divine afliftance, to walk 
carefully in, by denying myfelf in all things 
which appeared inconfiftent with the di- 
vine will. This fubtil transformer, tak- 
ing advantage of the ardency of my mind 
to prefs forward in this necefTary concern, 
fuggefled that my work would be much 
eafier in obtaining a complete vidlory over 
evil, were I to refrain for a time from 
fome of the neceffaries of life, particularly 
from eating, and taking my natural reft in 
fleep, except juft as much as would preferve 
life; and that I mufl conflantly keep my 
hands employed in bufinefs, as idlenefs is 
the nurfery of vice ; neither was he want- 
ing to bring fcripture, and pafTages out of 
other religious books, to confirm thefe re- 


i8 The JOURNAL of 

quirings. I tlien really believed It was the 
voice of Chrift in my mind commanding 
thefe things, and therefore endeavoured to 
be faithful therein, till m_y natural ftrength 
abated, and I found my body grew mvich 
weaker thereby. Greatly diftrefled I was, 
when at any time I fell fliort of what I 
apprehended to be my duty in thefe refpe6ls, 
he that required tl^is fervice being a hard 
malier; though he had power to deceive, 
yet he could not give me faith that I fliould 
overcome. My views in thofe days were 
indeed very difcouraging, my poor afflidled 
foul being almoft funk into defpair. My 
friends took notice that I was in uncommon 
diftrefs. The family in which I then 
lived, as they could not be altogether ig- 
norant, though I concealed it as much as 
I Could, of my wandering about in the 
fields, &c. at nights, and much refraining 
from food (my deep diftrefs being alfo very 
legibly imprinted on nay countenance) 
feared, as I afterwards underftood, left I 
Ihould be tempted to lay violent hands on 
myfelf. I was forbid in myfelf to tell my 
condition to any, as that would be feek- 
ing relief from without; a very improper 
and unworthy thing. 

Notwithftanding which, the God of all 
grace, who permitted this uncommon af- 
flitJhion to fall upon me for a trial, and not 
for my deftrucflion, was pleafed, in wonder- 
ful kindnefs, to move upon the heart of a 



minifter belonging to our meeting, to vifit 
me, and to open a way for my deliverance. 
He ftriilly inquired concerning my inward 
condition, informing me that friends were 
much concerned about me, as it was' very 
obvious I was under fome uncommon tempt- 
ation. I was at firft very unwilling to open 
my ftate to him, however he at length pre- 
vailed, and took the oppprtunity to Ihew me 
that I was under a grofs delufion of Satan. 
Being thus, through the Lord's mercy, 
delivered from the wicked defign of mine 
enemy, which undoubtedly was to deftroy 
both foul and body, I had, in reverent 
thankfulnefs, to rejoice in his falvation. I 
then clearly fav/, that Satan in his religious 
appearance, was alfo carefully to be guarded 
againft ; as nothing in religion can be accept- 
able to God, but the genuine produdt of 
his unerring fpirit, diftin(5lly heard and 
underftood by the ear of the foul, and the 
renewed underftanding. '' My fheep," faid 
Chrift, '' hear my voice ;" which I now began 
to experience fulfilled ; blefTed be the Lord 
for ever! I had many precious openings into 
the divine myfteries about this time; and 
when I read the holy fcriptures, they were 
opened to my underftanding, far beyond 
whatever they had been before, fo that I 
had very great comfort ; my hope being re- 
vived, and my faith much flrengthened, by 
thole things that were written aforetime. 
I am well aflured, by certain expeFience, 

D that 

20 The journal of 

that the myfleries couched in thofe holy 
writings, cannot be profitably underftood, 
but by the fame fpirit which infpired the 
penmen of them: therefore it is vain pre- 
fumption, for fallen and unregenerate man, 
by his earthly wifdom and human learning, 
to attempt the unfolding heavenly myfleries. 
The lip of truth hath fignified, they are hid 
from the wife and prudent of this world, and 
revealed unto the humble dependent babes and 
fucklings ; thofe who fenfibly experience 
their fufficiency for every good word and 
work, to proceed immediately from God 
alone; and that Chrifl ' is made unto them, 
' wifdom andrighteoufnefs, fandlification and 
* redemption/ The want of this inward 
living fenfe, hath been the caufe of, and hath 
opened the way for, that great apoftafy, dark- 
ncfs, and error, which have overfpreadChrif- 
tendom, io called. There is no way for its 
recovery, but by humbly fubmitting to 
Chrifl inwardly revealed, and learning the 
nature of true religion of him, the great 
author thereof: for I am well allured, 
tH^t forward adive and inventing felf muft 
be denied, abafed, and laid in the dufl for 
ever, and the Lord alone exalted in our 
hearts, before we can come up in the feve- 
ral duties of religion, with divine appro- 
bation. This I faw, in the divine light 
which began to fhine out of my darknefs, 
and feparated me therefrom, was the great- 
er light which was to rule the day of 



God's falvatlon, and that all the faved of 
the Lord mufh carefully walk in this light, 
wherein there is no occafion of ftumbling. 
I alfo faw, that when it pleafed the Lord in 
wifdom, for a trial of my faith and pa- 
tience, to withdraw this holy light, and 
there was a fitting in darknefs, and as in the*" 
region of the fhadow of death for a time, fo 
that I had no diftind knowledge therefrom 
what to do; that it was my indifpenfible 
duty to ftand flill, and w^alt for my fure 
unerring guide; if at thofe times, felf 
would arife and be mieafy, it muft be 
brought to the crofs, there to be flain. 
By fuch experience, I found I was nothing, 
and that God was all things neceflary for 
fdul and body; that if I was brought into 
a (late of perfecfl reconciliation with him, 
I muft know all things made new. 
• About this time I had a diftant view of 
being called into the w^ork of the miniftry ; 
my mind being at times wonderfully over- 
fhadowed with the univerfal love of God, in 
the glorious gofpel of his Son, to mankind, 
(to that degree that I thought I could, in_^ 
the ftrength thereof, give up to fpend and 
to be fpent, for the gathering of fouls to 
him, the great Shepherd of Ifrael;- and that 
I could lift \ip my voice like a trumpet, to 
awaken the inhabitants of the .earth: but 
r found all this was only by way of prepa- 
ration for this important work, and that I 
had not yet received a commiffion to engage 


22 The journal of 

therein. A fear was tipon my mind, and 
care, left I fliould prefume to enter upon 
this folemn undertaking without a right 
call ; it appearing to me exceeding danger- 
ous to fpeak in the name of the Lord, 
without a clear evidence in the niind, that 
he required it of me; which I then fully 
believed he would in his own time, which 
was to be waited for. From this time, until I 
was really called into the work, I frequently 
had, but efpecially in religious meetings, 
openings of fcripture-pafTages, with lively 
operations of the divine power in my 
mind; and fometimes with fo much energy, 
that I have been almoft ready to ofter 
what I had upon my mind, to others. But 
as, through an holy awe which dwelt upon 
my heart, 1 endeavoured to try my offering 
in the unerring balance of the fancluary, 
I found it was too light to be offered, and 
w^as thankful to the Lord for his merciful 
prefer vation, in that I had been enabled to 
avoid offering the facrifice of fools. But 
when the time really came that it was 
divinely required of me, the evidence was 
ib indifputably clear, that there was not 
the leaft room to doubt ; yet, through fear 
and human frailty, I put it off, and did not 
give way thereunto. But oh! how was I 
condemned in myfelf ! The divine fweet- 
nefs which had covered my mind in the 
meeting was withdrawn, and I left in a 
very poor difconfolate flate, wherein- 1 was 



ready to beg forgiveaefs, and to covenant 
with the Lord, that if he would be pleafed 
to favour me again in like manner, I would 
give up to his requiring. At the next firft- 
day meeting, the heavenly power over- 
ftiadowed me in a wonderful manner, in 
which- it was required of me to kneel down 

i'n fupplication to the Lord in a few words: 
gave way thereunto, in the dread of his 
power, with fear and trembling. After 
which, oh, how my foul was filled with 
peace and joy in the Holy Ghoft! I could 
then fing, and make fweet melody in my 
heart to the Lord, As I remember, I was 
twenty-one years of age, the very day I firfl 
entered into this great and awful work of 
the miniftry; which was the 21 ft of the 
5th month, old ftile, 1734. 

I have found my mind engaged to be fome- 
what particular concerning the manner of 
my entering into the work of the miniftry, 
to ftand by way of caution and proper en- 
couragement to others, who may perufe 
the fame; having in the courfe of my 
obfervation had caufe to fear, fome have 
taken the work of preparation, as before 
hinted, for the thing itfelf ; and fo have 
proceeded very far, to their own great 
wounding, and the hurt of others, in bring- 
ing forth untimely fruit, which is exceed- 
ingly dangerous, and carefully to be avoid- 
ed. Nothing is a fufEcient guard to pre- 
3(erve therefrom, but the fingle eye, through 


24 The JOURNAL of 

the divine blefling, awfully confidering 
what a great thing it is for dufl and alhes to 
fpeak as the apoftle Peter direds, viz. *' As 
^' every man hath received the gift, even 
*' fo minifter the fame one to another, as 
" good fte wards of the manifold grace of 
*' Gk)d. If any man fpeak, let him fpeak 
*' as the oracles of God; if any man mi- 
**:nifter, let him do it as of the ability 
*' which God giveth." The author to the 
Hebrews faith, that " no man taketh this 
*• honour to himfelf, but he that is called 
*' of God, as was Aaron." So that what- 
ever fome may pretend to, and intrude 
themfelves into, unlefs they are really cal- 
led of God, they will have no fhare in that 
honour that cometh from God only. 

The church of Chrift hath not been with- 
out its trouble from falfe minifters, neither 
in the primitive times, nor in ours. That 
excellent gofpel liberty of all who feel 
themfelves infpired thereunto, whether male 
or female, fpeaking or prophefying one by 
one, hath been, and Hill is, abufed by falfe 
pretenders to divine infpiration; yet the 
liberty ought to be preferved inviolable, 
and other means found out to remedy this 
great inconveniency; which would not be 
difficult, were the members in a general way 
fpiritually minded, rightly favouring the 
things that be of God. Forward and un- 
fandlified appearances, by way of miniftry, 
would then be ealily awed and fuppreffed, 



fo as not to difturb the peace of the church. 
The cafe has been otherwife, as I have 
bbfervecl in fome places ; but little minded, if 
the words and do6lrine were found, and no- 
thing to blame in the converfation. Here 
the main thing, which is the powerful 
demonftration of the holy fpirit, is little 
regarded: and if a few are deeply pained 
at heart with fuch lifelefs miniftry, they 
find it exceeding difScult to lay hands there- 
on, for want of more ftrength; efpecially 
when they perceive what ftrength there is 
againll them: for formal profeffors love to 
have it fo, rather than to fit in filence. 
And I have obferved fuch pretenders all 
mouth or tongue, and no ears to receive 
inftrudlion; fond of teaching others, but 
very un teachable themfelves. I pray God 
to quicken his people, and raife the fociety 
into a more lively fenfe of that blefled 
arm of power which gathered us to be a 
people; or, I fear, the great evil above 
hinted at will prove a very growing one: 
profeflion without pofTelfion, being the 
proper element for fuch a miniftry to grow 
and florifli in. I am not quite free to 
9mit a remark on this head, as I am fully 
perfuaded the living members of the church 
of Chrift, groan under a painful fenfe of 
this forrowful token of a declined fociety. 
May the Lord of fabbath hear their cries, 
and regard the anguifti of their fouls in 
fecret, fo as to work by his iuvifible power 

^ for 

26 The JOURNAL o^ 

for his own name's fake, and their enlarge- 
ment, by turning his hand again upon our 
Sion, to purge away her drofs, and to take 
away her tifi and reprobate filver ; that her 
judges may be reftored as at the firft, and 
her counfellors as at the beginning; that 
many, having their feet fhod with the pre- 
paration of the gofpel of peace, may yet ap- 
pear beautiful upon the mountains ! So be 
it, faith my foul ! 

I have given fome hints how it was with 
me, by way of preparative for the great and 
important work of the miniftry, and the 
danger of my being mifled ; even at fome- 
times when I had right openings^ and felt 
the fweet eiEcacious virtue of the love of 
God, through Jefus Chrift, to mankind: 
which, doubtlefs, is the fenfible experience 
and enjoyment, at times, of every faithful 
follower of Chrift, who never was called 
to the work of the miniftry. I was in thofe 
days apprehenfive of fome danger of being 
led out at that door ; but I have fince more 
fully and perfedly feen the danger of this 
and other by-paths, which would have led 
me to give that away to others, which I 
was to live upon myfelf ; and out of the 
humble dependant ftate, in which only 
there is fafety, to have a wilF and way of 
my own, that I might be furnifhed and 
enriched with much treafure. But fincerity 
of heart, and my endeavours to preferve the 
fingle eye, through the watchful care of 
^ Divine 

J O H N G R I F F I T H. 5; 

l3ivlne Providence over me^ brought the 
da)r of the Lord upon it all t fo that I came 
clearly to fee, and experimentally to know, 
my fiiificiency v^as of God ; that there mull 
be a fteady dependance on the Lord, to be 
immediately fitted and fupplied, every time 
I was to engage in this folemn fervice. I 
ardently defire, that all who have the leaft 
apprehenfion of being called into the work 
of the miniftry, may dwell in aii holy dread 
of the divine prefei;ice, and know their own 
wills wholly fubjeded to the divine will, 
v/aiting for a diftindl and clear certainty of 
the Lord's requirings, not only in entering 
iipon it at firft, but alfo at all other times* 
And as felf comes to be laid in the dud 
for ever, they will receive undeniable evi- 
dence, in their own minds, of the certainty 
of their miffion ; and they will not be with- 
out a teftimony thereof, from the witnefs 
for God in the confciences of mankind, 
amongft whom they are feut to miniften 
They will be a favour of life to the living 
in the truth, and of death to thofe who are 
in a ftate of death. Let it ever be remem- 
bered, that nothing of, or belonging to, 
man, can polTibly add any iuftre or dignity 
to fo divine a gift. Neither will the beft 
and moft curioudy adapted words or doc-* 
trine, ever fo truly and confiftehtly delivr 
ed, be anymore than as founding- braft^ 
as a tinkling cymbal, without the power, 
light, and dcmoiiitration of the fpirit of 

i: ^hrift. 

^8 Th£ JOURN Al. o^- 

Chrift. There is no occafion at all, for 
thofe who regard his power as the fubflance 
of their minillry, to be any wife folicitous 
about words; as the lowed and moft fim-, 
pie are really beavitiful, when fitly fpoken 
imder that holy influence. 

Having thus entered upon the folemn and 
awful fervice of the minillry, I gave up for 
the moft part, as I found the requirings of 
truth, through the divine power and effi- 
cacy thereof, moving upon my heart, and 
fubjeding my Will, to utter a few word* 
in a broken manner, with fear and trem- 
bling; the Lord being exceeding merciful 
to me, as a tender father, taking me by the 
hand, and making me willing by his mighty 
power, to be counted a fool for his fake and 
the gofpel's. 

The meeting I then belonged to was large, 
and a valuable weighty body of friends 
therein ; who, as far as I could obferve by 
their carriage, did own and approve of my 
weak and low appearance in this fervice: 
yet they ufed Chriftian prudence, not to 
lay hands fuddenly, but gave me full oppor- 
tunity to make proof of my miniftry, and 
to feel my feet therein. 

About this time, a fine fpring of minif- 
try was opened within the compafs of our 
Yearly- Meeting; there havings by account, 
about one hundred opened their mouths in 
public k teftirnony, in little more than a 
year; divers of whom became powerful abk 



minifters, and fome of them withered away 
like unripe frviit. About ten appeared v\ith- 
in that time, in the particular meeting of 
Abington, to which I belonged. 

As I was enabled to wait on my miniftry, 
I experienced a confiderable growth and en- 
largement; and, in a faithful difcharge of 
duty therein, great peace and heavenly con- 
folation, like a pleafant refrefliing ftream, 
flowed into my foul. I alfo found, that it 
was a means of engaging the minds of 
friends, in a fweet and comfortable near- 
nefs of unity with me, which I had never 
before fo largely and livingly felt. Many 
young well-minded people, and fome others 
of little experience, feemed to admire my 
gift, and would fometimes fpeak highly 
of it, which they did not always forbear in 
my hearing. But oh how dangerous this is, 
if delighted in by minifters ! It may be 
juftly compared to poifon, which will foon 
deftroy the pure innocent life. My judg- 
ment was againft it ; yet I found fomething 
in me, that feemed to have no averfion 
thereunto, but rather inclined to hearken 
to it, yet not with full approbation. 7hc 
fame thing in me would want to know, 
what fuch and fuch, who were in mofk 
efteem for experience and wifdom, thought 
of me. I fometimes imagined fuch looked 
fhy upon me, which would much caft me 
down; all which, being from a root or 
fibre -of felf, I found was for judgment, 

* and 

30 The JOURNAL op 

and muft die upon the crofs, before I was 
fit to be trufted with any great ftore of 
gofpel treafure. I begun alfo to take ra- 
ther too much dehght myfeif in the gift; 
which had not divine goodnefs in mercy, 
by a deep and diftreffing baptifm^ kindly pre- 
vented; might have opened a door for fpiri- 
tual pride (which is the worft of pride) to 
have entered in, to my ruin. I have reafon to 
think, that folid friends, by obferving my 
large growth in the top, with fpreading 
branches, were in fear of my downfall, in 
cafe of a florm. However, in the midft of 
my high career, the Lord w^as pleafed to 
take away from me, for a time, that which 
he had given me, viz. the gift of the mini- 
flry, and with it all fenfible comforts of 
the fpirit: fo that I was, as I thought, in 
total darknefs; even in the region and ftia- 
dow of death. In this doleful ftate of mind, 
I was grievovifly befet and tempted by the 
falfe prophet, the transformer, to keep up 
my credit in the miniftry, by continuing 
my publick appearances. It might well be 
faid of him, that he would *^ caufe fire to 
'' come down from heaven, in the fight of 
'' men, to deceive them;" for fo I found it. 
It is hard to imagine, how near a refem- 
blance he could make, how exadt an imi-r 
tation he could form of the very thing it- 
felf, to the ftate of mind I was then in ; 
even to that degree, that I have at times 
been ready to fay, ' Ah! I fee and feel the 



fire of the Lord coming down to prepare 
the offering' ; and have been almoft ready to 
give up thereunto, w^hen a godly fear would 
feize my mind, and a defire yet to try it ; 
by which means, the fhrong delufion hath, 
been difcovered, and the falfe fire rejected. 
My foul hath been plunged into deeper 
anxiety, by this falfe heat, than I was in 
before. No tongue nor pen can fet forth 
to the full, the deep and almoft conftant 
anguifh of my foul, for about the fpace of 
four or five months ; being as near as I 
can remember the time this fore afHidlion 
was upon me. It fared with me in fome 
degree, as it did with Job, refpeding my 
friends ; fome conjecturing one thing, and 
fome another thing, to be the caufe of this 
fall, as it was apprehended ; though, 
through mercy, they could not charge me 
with any evil as the caufe thereof. The 
moft probable reafon to them, of this alte- 
ration was, that I had been too much fet 
up by others, and fo had loft my gift ; and 
this, I think, came the neareft to the truth 
of the cafe. Yet it was not fo loft, but 
that when my gracious helper faw my fuffer^ 
ing was enough, he reftored it again, and 
appeared to my foul as a clear morning with- 
out clouds: everlafting praifes to his holy 
name ! My mind was deeply bowed in hum- 
ble thankfulnei's, under a fenk of the great 
favour of being again counted worthy to be 
intrufted with fo precious a gift ; therefore I 


3^ The JOURNAL or 

was careful to exercife the fame in great 
fear and awfulnefs, and more in a crofs to 
mine own will than before ; as that which 
was bnt too likely to have decked itfelf 
therewith, was, for the prefent at leaft, in 
a good degree flain. I have very 'often, in 
the courfe of my religious experience, had 
canfe to adore and admire divine wifdom, 
in his dealings with me for my preferva- 
tion in the way of peace ; being well affured, 
that he will fo work for mankind, if they 
are fufficiently given up in heart and foul 
to him, that it will not be pofTible for them 
to mifs of everlafting happinefs ; for none 
are able to pluck thofe out of his almighty 
hand, who do not firft incline to leave 

After I had appeared in publick fome- 
what more than two years, I found fomc 
drawings of gofpel-love, as I apprehended, 
to vilit the meetings of friends in fome 
part of New- Jerfey ; and being but young 
in the miniftry, I was in great fear, at times, 
left I fliould be miftaken, in that which I, 
at other times, thought to be the divine 
requirings : for I much dreaded that of run- 
ning when and where the Lord did not 
fend me, left I ftiould bring difiionour to 
his blelfed name, and cxpofe myfelf naked 
and void of proper qualifications for fo great 
an undertaking, to wife and difcerning 
friends. Great indeed was my diftrefs, 
night and day, crying to the Lord for 



greater confirmation ; which he gracionfly 
heard, and was pleafed, by a dream or night-^ 
vifion, to afford me fuch full fatisfadiou in, 
that I do not remember I had any doubt 
afterwards concerning the fame. 

I entered upon the faid journey the 7th of 
the 8th month 1736; having a companion 
much older than myfelf every way. We 
vifited the following meetings, viz. Piles-? 
grove, Salem, Aloways-creek, and Cohanfey, 
where my companion left me, and returned 
home, being under fome difcouragement 
about the journey in his own mind. But 
as I found the Lord by his bleffed power 
near, opening my mouth, and enlarging 
my heart abundantly in his work, I was 
encouraged thereby to proceed, being join- 
ed in travel by an innocent friend belong- 
ing to Aloways-creek-meeting, who had a few 
wotds to drop in meetings. We went frora 
Cohanfey, through a great defart or wilder- 
fiefs, for about forty miles, without inhabi- 
tants, to Cape May, where we had a meet- 
ing. From thence to Great and Little Egg- 
Harbour, and had meetings. From thence, 
through the wildernefs, to the yearly-meet- 
ing at Shrewfbviry, which was large, and 
much favoured with the divine prefence; 
divers miniflering friends from Pennfylvania 
were there, viz. Thomas Chalkley, Robert 
Jordan, John and Evan Evans, Margaret 
Prelton, and otlnsrs. 


^4 tHE JOURNAL o]^. 

It neither fuited with my growth in the 
miniflry, iior my inclination^ to take up 
much time in thofe large meetings. I there- 
fore, for the moft part, gave way to fuch as 
were better qualified for the work, and in 
my efteem worthy of double honour. I 
had a great regard in my mind for thofe 
whom I thought as pillars in the houfe of 
God, whether minifters or elders; and really 
think, if fuch had given it as their fenfe, 
that I was wrong in my offerings, at any 
time, I fhould have been more likely to 
have depended on their judgment than my 
own. I looked upon myfelf, for many 
years, as a child in experience every way ; 
and therefore thought a fubjedlion was due 
from me, to thofe who were fathers and 
mothers in Ifrael, and never, that I remem-* 
ber, manifefted any difregard to them ; 
which is now a -fatisfadlion to my mind. 
But, I confefs, I have at times fmce had 
caufe to marvel at the forwardnefs of fome, 
who though but children, if rightly child- 
ren, have undertaken the woi^k of men, 
hardly difcovering a willingnefs to give the 
preference to any; and when they have been 
admoniflied by thofe of much more experi- 
ence than themfelves, they have been apt to 
retort, or to plead a divine commiflion, and 
that it is right to obey God rather than 
man; as if they had the ible right of fpeak- 
ing and judging too. 1 had divers times 
feen the great danger of being deceived and 
miflcd by the transformer; and therefore was 



'afraid of being over confident of mine own 
.£ght^ and looked upon it thefafefk way 
to ftand quite open for inftruclion, come 
from what quarter it would ; there being 
nothing more defired by me, thaii to be 

This large meeting ended well, and fweetly. 
Praifes to the Lord over all for ever! From 
thence I went to the following meetings, 
viz. Chefterfield, Trenton, Bordentown, 
Mansfield, Upper Springfield, Old Spring- 
field, Burlington, Briilol, the Falls, Ancocas, 
Mount-holly, Evefham,Chefl:er, Haddonfield, 
and Woodbury Creek; from whence I re- 
turned home. The Lord made my journey 
profperous, and was to me, at times, as a 
fountain unfealed, furniihing daily for the 
work he had engaged me in; being, in 
wonderful condeicenfion to my weak eftate, 
both wifdom and utterance ; as it is written, 
"Out of the mouths of babes and fucklings 
"thou haft ordained ftrength." Pi^aifes to 
his holy name for ever! ' 
' Notwithftanduig the Lord committed uii^ 
to me a difpenfation of the gofpel, and was 
pleafed; to reward my fincere labours therein, 
with the fvveet incomes of peace and joy in 
the Holy Ghoft, and with the unity of the 
brethren, in a comfortable degree; yet great 
were my te^nptations, and various the com!t 
bats I had, for divers years after, with my 
foul's enemies. Oh! how hard I found it 
to keep from being defi.led, more or lefs, 

F with 

36 Th^ journal o^ 

with the polkiting floods, which were at!* 
moft continually poured out of the great red 
dragon's mouth, in order to carry away my 
imagination into unlawful delights, from 
which i did not always wholly efca^pe; being 
fbmetimes prevailed upon to fet bounds to 
myfelf, that though I would not direftly fall 
into the evil I was tempted to, yet I might 
take fome diftant delight and fatisfaclion^ 
in approaching as near thereunto as I thought 
was lawful. Thus, for want of a watchful 
care, not only to fliuu that which I knew 
to be really evil, but allb every appearance 
of evil, I fometimes brought great anguifli 
and deep diftreft upon my own naind; and 
when I had gone but a httle out of the right 
way, I found maiiy^ oh ! many weary ftept 
and painfttl heart-achings, before I was re-^ 
ceived into the way and favour of the hea- 
venly Father again. I have often fince been 
humbly thanktul for his prefervation, even 
out of groft evils, confidering my danger* 
ous tampering therewith^ at times in th^ 
imagination. How can weak mortals deter* 
mine what length they will go, when any 
way is given? Moft certain it is, they go 
out greatly to their hurt, who take any plea- 
fure at all in the thoughts of forbiddea 
things. I hav^ found, by -woful experience^ 
diat when the leaft v/ay is given to the 
enemy^ he gains much advantage over uaf 
and we are ^greatly enfeebled thereby ; fy 
that, inflead of ,growing as willows by the 



water^courfes, there is danger of withering, 
and beconoung of thofe that draw back, m 
whom the Lord hath no pleafure. I have 
found it the firft fubtil working of Satan, 
to draw me off from a conftant care of 
bringing all my thoughts, words, and actions 
to be tried by the light of Chrift in mine 
own heart; and inftead thereof, to. examine 
them by my partial reafoning part. Here, 
many things really ev^il in their nature, or 
tendency, or both, would carry the appear- 
ances of indifterency; the pleading would 
then be, there is no harm in this, that, or 
the other thing; yet there hath been a 
doubt perhaps in the mind to reafon away, 
not duly confidering, that he who doubt- 
eth, is condemned if he receive. So I have 
many times found it, when the judge of aU 
hath been pleafed to arife, and to find me 
out, with my fig-leaf covering on; having 
very imprudently, by giving way to wrong 
things, in a great mealiire loft the garment 
of innocence, and an holy confidence to-^ 
wards God. Oh! how very hot hath my 
negledl occafioned the furnace to be made, 
that fo the drofs might be done away. 

Thus it was with me, until the many chaf- 
tenings of the heavenly Father had brought 
me into more fear, care, and fubjeclion. 
I could not be quite eafy to omit giving 
thefe hints of my many weakneffes and 
failings, that others may learn thereby to be 
^ware. This I apprehend to be the chief 


^8 The JOURNAL of 

teafon of our having the fallings and mif- 
carriages of God's people traiifmitted to us 
in the holy fcriptures. Thou traveller Sion- 
IVard, look forward to the joy fet before 
thee, not fufFering thine eyes* to wander 
about thee, left they convey fuch delight 
to thy heart, as nnay infeft thy foul with 
pernicious diftempers, by which thou mayeft 
be rendered unable to proceed on thy jour- 
ney towards the holy city; and through the 
defecl occafioned thereby to thy fight, thou 
mayeft, in a great meaiiire, lofe the glori- 
ous profpe6l of its beautiful lituation, and 
the fplendor of its ftruclures. Beware thovi 
do not load thyfelf with the feeming plea- 
fant fruit of that country through which 
thou travelleft: although they may appear 
to hang plentifully on each hand, they will 
neither be of any ufe to thee in that hea- 
venly country whither thou- art going, nor 
for refrefhment on the way thither. If thou 
haft a mind to make thine own w^ay pro- 
fperous, look fteadily forward, with a fingle 
eye, to the recompence of reward. Bring 
every motion towards feeking of fatisfaction 
in forbidden places, immediately to the 
crofs, and thou wilt much fooner find the 
yoke of Chrift made eafy, and his burden 
light; all his ways pleafant, and his paths 
peace* This is abundantly better than that 
tineafy in and out way of ti^avelling, finning 
and repenting, repenting and iinning again; 
•\Vliich lays a foiuadaticn for* murmuring, 


J O H N G R I F F I T H. 39. 

labour, and toil; crying out, as fome do all 
their days, there is no complete vi(5lory to 
be obtained over fin on this fide of the grave. 
Miierable finners w^e muft remain, when 
the caufe thereof is w^holly in themfelves ; 
becaufe they will not come into, and abide 
in, the help of the Lord, againft the mighty 
enemies of their foul's happinefs, which is 
altogether fufficient to give a complete vic- 
tory over them ; yea, to give power to tri- 
umph, and fay, '* We are made more than 
^' conquerors through him that hath loved 
" us." 

The 8th month 1737, I fet out in order 
to vilit fome meetings in Eaft-Jerfey ; hav- 
ing Richard French, an ancient friend, to 
bear me company. We had meetings at 
Stonybrook^ Bethlehem, Lebanon, and at 
a Baptift's houfe near Black-River. None 
of our fociety were thereabouts, but there 
were fome ranters of Rogers's followers, 
who had taken upon them the name of Qua- 
kers, to the great fcandal of friends in that 
remote place: they came to the meeting, 
being moftly women. Their impatient reft- 
lefs fpirita would not fufFer them to let- 
us hold our meeting quietly; yet they did 
not feem inclinable to contend, but rather 
to flatter and applaud us. Some of them 
Hood up, after we had feverally delivered 
what we had upon our minds, to fignify 
their unity with our doftrine, pretending it 
•to be the fame they held forth to the peo- 

40 The JOURNAL of 

pie, though not enaugh regarded by thenie 
jBut we were not free to receive their tefti* 
mony, any more than Paul and Silas could 
that -maid's who was polTeflfed with an evil 
fpirit; but rebuked them openly, and pub- 
lickly declared our difunity with them, de- 
firing the people not to look upon them as 
belonging to the fociety of the people called 
Quakers, as we could afTure the meeting it 
was not fo ; and that we had no more unity 
with thofe pretenders, than they had. I 
thought the chief fervice we had at that 
place, was to teftify againft thofe wild frail- 
tick people, who we found had, by being 
accounted Quakers, caufed the way of truth 
to be evil fpoken of. This unexpected op- 
pofition raifed their flighty fpirits, fo that 
they became very troublefome, being full 
of words, and afking frivolous queftions. 
Whereupon that of Paul, to fome fuch wo- 
men in the Corinthian church, caipe frefh 
into my mind. I therefore called out aloud, 
*' Let your women be filent in the church;" 
and opened to them, that it was luch women 
as they were, that the apoftle rebuked and 
commanded to be filent; who not experi- 
encing their fpirits to be truly fubjecSed, 
that they might know how to fpeak con- 
cerning the things of God with a right un- 
derflanding, ought to learn infilence: not 
meaning to exclude thofe of mine own fex 
in the like cafe ; the fame being as necelTary 
for them. We left them a$ full of them- 



felves as we found them, and went from 
thence to Whippany, where, in a friend's 
houie, tv e had a precious meeting. The 
greateft number beii!ig of other focieties, the 
teftimony of truth flowed forth freely ; they 
appearing to be much tendered and affecfted 
therewith. After meeting, fome of them 
took us bv the hand, and in an affeiftionate 
maniiier expreffed their fatisfa6lion with 
our laborers amongft them. From thence 
w0 ; went to Plainfield, and Woodbrldge, 
where we had meetings. After which yv^ 
returned home; having been favoured to 
^ccomplifh this little journey to my own 

Sometime before I entered upon the be- 
fore-mentioned journey, I found my mind 
pretty ftrongly drawn, and much inclined, 
to enter into a marriage ftate with a young 
woman belonging to the fame meeting, with- 
in the campafs of which I had lately taken 
a farm, and to which I was then joined by 
certificate. Her name wa?, Rebekah, the 
daughter of Jofiah and Sarah Fearn, and 
grand-daughter of John Blunfton : ftie being 
a valuable branch of a good ftock. By the 
death of her brother, fhe was then pofl'efled 
of that part of her faid grandfathers cftate, 
where he had lived, and entertained friends 
from almoft the firft fettlement of Pennfyi- 
vania, until his death; which afterwards 
was continued by his widow many years, 
buc of Jate years had been laid afide. 


42 The JOtJRNAL ot 

It was in Lower Derby, about feven miles 
from Philadelphia, near a large meet* 
ing; the meeting-houfe being built on 
ibme of that tra6l of land. The reafon of 
my being fo particular in this account, is to 
fliew the Lord's kindnefs, and gracious con- 
defcenfion to me, info fully anlwering what 
I had fo often defired, viz. that in cafe I 
ever married and fettled, I might be fo 
placed and circumftanced, as t6 entertain 
the Lord's fervants and meflengers in an 
agreeable maniier: on which account, as 
well as that he was pleafed to give me an 
affedlionate virtuous wife, I had, and have 
great caufe of .humble thankfulnefs. We 
took each other in mari-iage the 30th of the 
loth month 1737, at a large and folemn 
meeting, held in the meeting- houfe before- 
mentioned, under the precious overlhadow- 
ing of the power of divine love; I think to 
a larger degree than I had often, if ever, 
known before: which was no fmall confir- 
mation of our being rightly joined together 5 
it being that alone which can truly enable 
to make and keep covenant rightly with 
each other. 

After marriage, I conftantly attended our 
particular meeting, both on firft and other 
days of the week; alfo the quarterly and 
yearly-meetings as they fell in courfe, and 
frequently vifited adjacent meetings. I vi- 
fited friends in the county of Bucks twice, 
but have no account by me of the exadl 



time. I fignified to my wife, fome time 
after we were married, that I did expect, in 
a few jQ^rSy I fhould findTa concern to leave 
her for a longer time than I yet had done, 
and gave her a hint what time I thought it 
would be; which fell out accordingly j 
having then a diftant view of vifiting New- 

When the time for undertaking that jour- 
ney appeared clear to me, I gave up thereto, 
in humble refignation and faith in the fuf- 
ficiency of that divine power which I be- 
lieved required it of me ; yet not without 
fomq intervals of difcouragement, and rea- 
foning in myfelf what would become of 
my family and outward concerns : neither did 
I then know of any companion to join with 
me in this great undertaking, but at time^ 
believed I lliould be favoured with one, if I 
gave up thereunto. However, I laid my con- 
cern before the monthly-meeting to which t 
belonged, requefting their concurrence and 
certificate, if upon a weighty confideration 
thereof, they had unity with my concern. 
A certificate was prepared, whereby I was 
left to my liberty to proceed; but I had 
not yet heard of a companion, and greatly 
feared going without. Our quarterly-meet- 
ing falling quickly after, I went to it, 
where I foon made inquiry of my muck 
efteemed friend John Cliurchman, whether 
he knew of any fui table companion for me. 
He readily told me that his brother-in-law, 
G William 

44 Tii£ JOURNAL of 

"William Brown, had procured a certificate 
in order for the fame journey, and did not 
then know of any companion, but believed 
one would be provided for him. This was 
very acceptable to me. When Williajii 
Brown and I had an opportunity of con- 
ferring together, which was the fame day, 
we found our concerns and views fo exact- 
ly agree, and our fpirits fb clofely united 
for the fervice, that our hearts bowed in 
thankfulnefs to the Lord, for his care and 
providence over us ; believing what we 
were about to engage in, was agreeable to 
his will, and in his counfel. It being the 
meeting for minifters and elders that day, 
we laid our concern before that meeting, 
where it appeared to be well approved, 
which was no fmall ftrength^to us. I did 
then, and hope ever fliall, greatly love and 
highly value the unity of the brethren; 
having found it no fmall ftrength and en- 
couragement to me, in many low and try- 
ing times, which are neceflkry and unavoid- 
able in that folemn engagement of vifit- 
ing the chvirches; efpecially now in their 
low declined ftate. It became indilputably 
clear to my underftanding, that it is alto- 
gether impoflible to adminifter, in a feel- 
ing effedlual manner, to people's fe-veral 
Hates, unlefs we are baptized thereinto. 
Well adapted words, and found dodrine, 
as to the external appearance, may, with- 
out much difEculty, be attained j feeing we 



have the holy fcriptures, and many other 
good books, containing the principles of 
truth, and the Chriftian experience of the 
Lord's people: yet all this, delivered with 
the tongue of men or angels, will prove an 
empty, fruitlefs found, without the power 
and demonftration of the fpirit of Chrift, 
who enables his upright-hearted minifters 
to fearch all things, yea, the hidden myf- 
tery of iniquity, as well as the deep things 
of God, even as he led his prophet Ezekiel 
to look through the hole in the wall, that 
the moft fecret abomination may be brought 
to light, and teftified againft.. 

1 took leave of my dea,r wife, and fet out 
with my before-mentioned companion, the 
5th of the 7th month, 1741. Faffing through 
New Jerfey, we had a meeting at Chefter- 
field. \ye crofTed Staten-Illand, and came 
to an arm of the fea, called the Narrows, 
which feparates the before-mentioned iiland 
from Long-Ifland, The wind blowing very 
flrong, and the fea running exceeding high, 
we were obliged to wait fome time ; the 
ferry-men being afraid to run the hazard 
of carrying us (and divers others who were 
there alfo waiting) over. Towards evening 
the wind fomewhat abating, they appeared 
willing to venture, if we would; and we 
being defirous to proceed, agreed to go. I 
think we had eight or nine horfes, befides 
people, in the boat. They fet all their heads 
to the wind, which proved of Angular fer- 


46 The JOURNAL of 

vice, in bearing up the boat againfl it, 
otherwife it did not feem altogether impro- 
bable, but that file would have been laid 
on her fide. We ran over in about ten 
minutes, which is accounted at leaft two 
miles and an half. We were thankful for 
prefervation ; as I believe mofl, or all of us, 
when we were on the water, apprehended 
fome confiderable danger. We made but 
little ftay on Long-Ifland, only taking New- 
town meeting in our way. Then croffing 
th^ water, to the main land in New- York 
government, had meetings at Mamaroneckj 
Long-reach, and the Purchafe. From thence, 
having a guide provided for us, we fet out 
for our journey, about 200 miles through 
the colony of Conne6licut to Rhode-Iiland. 
We met with a kind reception and entertain- 
ment for our money, at a very low rate, 
amongft the high profeffing Prefbyterians of 
this colony: the cafe was very different 
formerly, when ovir friends were baniflied 
from thence by a law. I remarked, as I 
pafTed along, very good order obferved in 
their inns; and, as far as could be difcovered, 
tlie people in general appeared to be fober, 
and religious in their way; far from being 
fo vitiated and corrupt as I have found 
thofe in the mother-country, as they call 
it. We were attacked divers times by 
fome of them on religious fubjedls, but, 
through divine favour, were enabled to an- 
f\v*er them in fuch a manner, as that I hope 



Neither we, nor the truth profeffed by us* 
fufFered thereby. I can fay with thank- 
fulnefs, I never was at a lofs in giving - 
anfwers to thofe that alked a reafon of the 
hope that was in me, when I had my chief 
dependance on the Lord to be furnilhed im- 
mediately by him aloae, without leaning to 
mine own underftandlng. We were kind- 
ly received by our friends at Newport on 
Rhode-Ifland, where there is a large body; 
fome of whom we found much hurt by 
differences and parties about government 
affairs; which catifed hard clofe work for 
\ls in their meetings. From Rhode-Ifland 
we went to the ifland of Nantucket, where 
is alfo a large body of friends, amongfl whom 
we had good fatisfadlion. We then returned 
to the main land, vifiting meetings as follow- 
ieth, viz. Sandwich, Yarmouth, SuckanefFet, 
and a quarterly meeting at Pembroke, where 
we met our friend Samuel Hopwood, who 
was arrived at Bofton from Englaud a 
few days before, in company with Mofes 
Aldrich, on a religious vifit. From thence 
we went to Boflon, where we had a 
meeting, there being a fmall number of 
friends in the town ; but truth never pro- 
fpered much there: it feemed to me, that 
fomething of the fame fpirit was yet alive, 
and to be felt, that formerly would have 
wholly extirpated our friends, and truth 
as held by them, from the face of the 
earth, and prevailed to inflict cruel fufFer- 


48 Tiife JOURNAL of 

ings on many of the Lord's fervants, four* 
of whom they put to death, as is related 
at large in a book entitled, New-England 
Judged, written by George Bilhop, and in 
Sewel's Hiftory of the People called Quakers. 
Happening to walk into the prifon-yard, I 
obferved a very ancient building, which I 
judged,^ by its appearance, might have been 
the fame our friends had formerly fufFered 
very great hardfliips in. Upon which I afked 
fome prefent, if that was the prilbn their 
forefathers put our friends into? A woman 
anfwered, Yes; and added, ' It was a very 
wicked thing of the rulers of that time, for 
the land had fufFered for it ever fince;' or 
to that import. A friend of Boilon related 
to me, what he faid he had from an ancient 
inhabitant of that town, who had feen that 
wicked adl of putting to death the four 
friends as above hinted, viz. that he could 
well remember fine wheat growing about 
and near Boflon; that he never knew nor 
heard of any wheat blafted, or peafe eaten 
by bugs, until they put the Quakers to 
death ; and that they never could raife ei- 
ther wheat or peafe near that town fince, 
perhaps not within 15. or 20 miles^ though 
I fuppofe the inhabitants were fo often 
difappointed formerly, that they have not 
attempted to raife any lately, the land being 
generally turned to grazing, and for raifing 
Indian corn. They feem fenfible of the 
extraordinary alteration^ but I fuppofe few 



of them are willing to attribute it to that 
caufe. I had fome difcourfe with one of 
the inhabitants, as we were riding toge- 
ther near Bofton, concerning the above- 
mentioned wonderful event. He pretended 
to argue a natural caufe for it ; but I en- 
deavoured to Ihew him, that (according to 
my apprehenfion) thofe very reafons which 
he advanced to prove a natural caufe for 
the change, if they proved any thing, I 
thought it was diredlly the contrary of what 
he inteilded, viz. he urged, that clearing 
away the woods might have fo changed the 
nature of the air, as to have produced a 
blading quality therein. But if the airy, 
any thing refembles the watry element 
herein, the freer its courfe, and the lefs the 
obftrucffcion it meets with, the more it purges 
and purifies itfelf, and is therefore the lefs 
capable of prodvicing hurtful confequences 
.either to vegetables or animals. 

We pafled on from thence, and had meetings 
at Lynn, Salem, Cachechy, Dover, Hampton, 
Haverhill, Aimfbury, Newbury, Taunton, 
Coxett, and to Dartmouth yearly-meeting, 
which was held there and at Akuflmet four 
days : it was a large meeting. After which, we 
had meetings at Rochefter, Freetown, Swan- 
zey, Leicefter,Smithfield, Providence Woods, 
at one Harris's, Greenwich, South Kingfton, 
Connanicut-Ifland, Portfmouth, Tiverton, 
Little Compton, and fo to Newport again : 
divers of which meetings were large. The 



Lord was gracioufly pleafed to furnifli vis, 
according to the occafion, painfully to la- 
bour amongft the profeflfors of truth in thofe 
parts, many of whom appeared to us igno- 
rant, in a forrowful degree, of the life and 
nature of true religion. Our fpirits were 
often very deeply baptized on their account, 
in great travail, that Chrift might be formed 
in them. It was a very exercifing laborious 
jom-ney, but the Lord mercifully made all 
up to us, by the comfortable enjoyment of 
his love and peace flowing into our hearts. 
Glory to his name for ever ! 

From Newport we fet our faces home- 
wards, taking Wefterly meeting in our way, 
and proceeded through the colony of Con- 
nedlicut to Long-Ifland; upon which we 
had meetings at Cowneck, Jofeph Lea- 
tham's, Jericho, Weftbury, Matinicock, and 
lyere at the quarterly-meeting at Flufliing. 
From thence we crolTed the water to Weft- 
chefter on the main; got thither fome 
time before the hour appointed for the 
meeting, and ftaid a while at an inn in the 
town. The landlady coming into our room 
in a pleafant manner, faid, ' I fuppofe you 
are travelling friends ?' My anfwer was. We 
are travellers, and we are friends ; therefore 
we are travelling friends; * But I fuppofe, 
faid £he, you are preachers;' and added, 
* I like your way very well, as you come 
up to the command of Chrift, in travel- 
ling about as you do, more fully than our 



minifters : but there is fomething lack- 
ing with you.' What is that, faid I? ' Why, 
faid £he, you fhould baptize as well as preach.' 
I then aiked her what we fhould baptize 
withal. She replied, ' With water to be fure; 
for it is not in the power of man to baptize 
with any thing elfe.' Upon which, I fliewed 
her from the holy fcriptures, that the 
primitive minifters of Chrift were fo gifted^ 
as to be able to baptize believers into the^ 
name or power, of the Father, Son, and 
Holy Ghoft; inftancing, in particular, that 
paffage of Peter at the houfe of Cornelius , 
Ad:s xi. 15, 16. ^^ And as I began to fpeak, 
*' the Holy Ghoft fell on them, as on us at 
" the beginning. Then remembered I the 
" word of the Lord, how that he faid, 
"John indeed baptized with water; but 
*' ye fliall be baptized with the Holy Ghoft.'* 
It is evident from this account, that by the 
efFedlual preaching of Peter, the Gentiles 
were baptized with the Holy Ghoft; and as 
the dilpenfation of God to man is the fanae 
now it was then, and he has gracioully pro- 
mifed to be with his minifters always to the 
end of the world, and man, by nature in a 
fallen degenerate eftate, as much^ involved 
in fin, and a ftranger to God as he was then; 
no good reafons can be given, why the fam« 
powerful efficacious means are not as 
neceflary for his recovery, by a reconcilia- 
tion with his maker, as they were at that 
*=ime. The * v^oman w%\s very attentive to 

H what 

52 The JOURNAL of 

what was fald on the occafion, and feemed 
pretty much affedled, being quite filenced 
as to that fubjedl. We invited her to our 
meeting; flie told us, it was what fhe in- 
tended, and alfo to prevail with her huf- 
band to go too, if llie could, but doubted 
being fuccefsful therein. However, flie and 
her hufband were both at the meeting, and 
the Lord was gracioufly pleafed to give us 
a precious opportunity together, wherein I 
am perfuaded flie was made in fome degree 
fenfible of that baptizing power, which, 
in a comfortable degree, accompanied the 
miniftry that day. She was tendered, and, 
at parting, with tears defired us to remem- 
ber her and pray for her. 

After this meeting we proceeded home- 
wards, taking three meetings in the Jerfeys as 
they fell in our way, viz. Elizabeth-Town, 
Woodbridge, and Stonybrook. I got home 
the yth of the loth month, and found my 
dear wife and family well, which was 
cavife of mutual thankfulnefs ; having per- 
formed near as much in about three months, 
as was ufually done in about four. It is 
very necelTary to avoid both extremes in 
travelling on truth's account; neither to be 
over-hafty, nor too dilatory : yet I have al- 
ways found great fatisfadlion and peace, in 
being as diligent and expeditious therein, 
as fits eafy on the mind, and the conftitu- 
tion of body will bear ; that all may have 
caufe to be fully convinced, we travel not 



for ovitward pleafare, but from a neceffity 
laid upon us ; which will certainly add con-^ 
fiderable weight to our fervice, and greatly 
tend, in the eyes of mankind, to maintain 
the credit of that truly difmterefled gofpel-* 
miniftry, the Lord hath been pleaied to 
raife up amongft us as a people. 

Having ftaid at home fbme time, to 
make neceflary provifion for an increafing 
family, I found a concern upon my mind to 
vifit friends a fecond time on Long-Iiland 
and the main land in New- York govern- 
ment, and fet out in order thereunto, the 
27th of the 8th month, 1743; being ac^- 
companied by my well efteemed friend, 
John Sykes, The firft meeting we attended 
on the ifland, was a yearly-meeting, which 
was held on a firft day at Matinicock. It 
was a large precious meeting; many not of 
our fociety being there, the Lord was plea- 
fed to open the dodlrine of his kingdom 
largely, and his glorious truth was over all ; 
to whom alone be the praife for ever! 
Notice was given at this meeting, of our 
intending to be on the next firft-day at 
Weftbury, not far from this place; and 
that week we had meetings at Brook- 
haven, Iflip, Bethphage, Rockaway, Henry 
Willis's, and fo to the before-mentioned 
meeting on firft-day. Friends came to it 
from divers parts of the ifland, and alfo 
many people of other focieties, fo that it 
was a very large meeting. Their expecffca- 


54 The JOURNAL ox 

tion was greatly out after words, which the 
mailer of our afTemblies did not fee meet to 
gratify ; for we were ahnoft wholly Ihut up 
as to miniftry; which I hope proved a pro- 
fitable lefTon of inftrucftion to many. After 
this meeting we crolfed the water, and had 
meetings at Weflchefter, Mam-^roneck, Long- 
reach, and Ryewoods ; we then returned 
to the ifland, and had meetings at Flulhing, 
Oyfter-bay, Cowneck, Fluihing again, and 
Newtown. ' Having finiihed our fcrvice 
thereaway, we travelled homewards, taking 
meetings as we paiTed along in Eait-Jerfey, 
at Railway, Plainfield, and Woodbridge ; 
and in Weft-Jerfey at Upper Springfield, 
and attende4 the quarterly-meeting at Crof- 
wicks; after which I returned home, "nnd 
have to fay with thankfulnefs, that the 
Lord was to me in this little journey, 
ftrength in weaknefs and riches in the 
time of poverty; and was pleafed to con- 
dudl me fafe to my dear wife and family 
in peace. 

About the latter end of the year 1744, I 
found my mind drawn to vifit friends meet- 
ings in the weftern part of our county; 
and had meetings at Eaft and Weft Not- 
tingham, Deer-Creek, New-Garden, Lon- 
don-Grove, Ockeihan, Kennet, and Con- 
cord. The Lord enabled me, either to do 
or fliffer, in this little journey, as the fame 
appeared to be my duty. At Ockeflian I 
^vas quite fliut up as to words, yet had 



peace, believing it was my bufinefs that day, 
as it hath been many times fince, in order 
(as I apprehend) to lead others into fMence 
by example; as being the moft profitable 
ftate they or I can polTibly arrive at in 
mutability, in order to attain a right un- 
derdanding of all religious duties. 

Soon after my return home, I went into 
Weft-Jerfey, to vifit the follov^ing meet- 
ings as I found my mind drawn thereunto, 
viz. Haddonfield, Ghefter, Evefliam, Mountr 
Holly, Ancocas, Old-Springfield, Tren- 
ton, and Burlington quarterly-meeting, 
in which I had good fatisfadlion. I think 
it was about this time, I went in company 
with my well-beloved friend Michael Light- 
foot, to the yearly-meetings at Cecil, and 
Treadhaven in Maryland, wherein we 
were greatly favoured. He returned home- 
wards from Maryland, but I went to fome 
meetings in the lower counties of Kent and 
Newcaftle, had a meeting at Duck-Creek, 
and went to the yearly-meeting at Little- 
Creek, which was a very precious meeting, 
divine goodnefs greatly pverlhadowing the 
fame, to the tendering many hearts. From, 
thence I went to George's-Creek, and New- 
caftle, and returned home. 

I have no account by me, of any other 
journey in the fervice of truth, until the 
id month J 746, that I went in company 
with our worthy friend before-mentioned, 
to the yearly-meeting at Salem, in Weft- 
Jerfey; an<J vifited Cohanfey, and Pilei- 


^6 The JOURNAL of 

grove meeting. In the 3d month the fame 
year, I went to Chefterfield quarterly- 
mieeting in the Jerfeys, and had meetings 
at Stony-Brook, Burlington, and Haddon- 

In the 5th month the fame year, I vi- 
fited the county of Bucks, and had meet- 
ings at Middletown, Briftol, the Falls, 
Wrights-Town, Buckingham, and Plum- 
fted; taking North- Wales meeting in my 
Return home. The Lord was my fure 
help and fufficiencyin all thefe journies, 
affording the comfortable enjoyment of 
fweet peace in my return: to whom the 
praife (if any fervice was done) is, and I 
hope ever will be, freely offered up ; for he 
alone is worthy thereof for ever ! 

Soon after my return home, great and 
inexpreffible afflic5lions were permitted to 
befal me, and my greatly afBicled family, 
mofl of whom were feized with the bloody- 
flux ; of which diflemper I buried a daughter 
between four and five years old, and was 
taken very ill myfelf of the fame diforder: 
in which time, my dear wafe was deliver- 
ed of a child, and for a week or ten days 
after appeared hopeful to do well and , 
recover; but being, in that condition, taken 
with the before-mentioned diftemper, was 
in a fhort time removed from me by 
death, leaving me three fmall children, 
the youngeft about two weeks and three 
days old. I found the Lord near to fup- 



port my diftrefTed drooping fpirit under 
this great affliftion. I well remember, 
when my dear wife lay with great fymp- 
toms of death upon her (having alfo fome- 
times, as I thought, intervals of hopeful 
fymptoms) my mind was in a very great 
and painful fludluation between hope and 
fear. It feemed to me then impoffible to 
give her up for death, and to be wholly 
feparated from fo valuable a companion; 
but the Lord, who formerly rebuked the 
winds and allayed the ragings of the fea, 
was pleafed, as in an inftant, to bring an 
holy calmnefs over my mind, in which 
there was an intire refignation to his divine 
will ; f b that I could fay, with Job of old, 
** The Lord giveth, and the Lord taketh 
*^ away, blefTed be his name." I did not, 
from that time, look upon her as any more 
mine, but gave her up into his hands who 
had kindly beftowed her upon me. I write 
this by way of encouragement to others,, 
that they may live in the fgar of God,, 
and give up in fteady obedience to his re-- 
quirings ; and then, I am well afTured, they 
may lean upon him in all their afflidlions, 
and they will find to their comfort, that 
thofe things which appear impoffible with 
man, are poffible v/ith God ; who will make 
hard things eafy and bitter things fweet to 
his humble followers. She departed this 
life the 2 2d of the 7th month, 1746; we 
having lived together near nine years. 


58 The JOURNAL of 

I have this fhort teftunony to give con- 
cerning my dear deceafed wife; that fhe 
made it her early care to lead a fober and 
virtuous life ; and I know a godly concern 
remained upon her mind, to keep a con- 
fcience void of offence, both towards God 
and man ; being engaged (according to abi- 
lity received) for the promotion of the 
blefTed truth, and gladly entertained the 
Lord's faithful labourers; eftceming it a 
bleffmg to be favoured with their company. 
And when I found a concern to travel 
abroad in the fervice of truth, fhe freely 
gave me up thereunto; having, with great 
fatisfa.6lion, to acknowledge the Lord's 
goodnefs, in favouring her with true peace 
and contentment in my abfence ; and alfo, 
in a fteady truft and dependance on his 
providence, for our fupport every way in a 
faithful difcharge of duty. 

She was favoured with great calmnefs 
and refignation to the divine will, in her 
laft illnefs, either to live or die; fignify- 
ing, that fhe did not find any thing in 
the way ; and that, if it pleafed the Lord 
to remove her out of this world, fhe hoped 
it would be a glorious change to her, and 
that fhe fhould go to her little innocent 
babes who were gone before her; often 
confefhng the Lord's goodnefs in ^ving 
her fo much eafe both of body and mind: 
She was very loving to thofe who vifited 
her in her illnefs, and faidj'flie had no- 


thing but love and goodwill to all. Sh« 
took her leave of our children in a very 
tender and affedlionate manner, committing 
them to divine providence, and expreffing 
her belief, that his watchful care would 
be over them when Ihe was gone. The 
apprentice and fervant boys were called for, 
at her requeft; flie took them by the hand, 
and in a loving tender manner, gave them 
good advice; an heavenly fweetnefs accom- 
panying her words, which much affedled 
thofe prefent. She difcovered great near- 
nefs of aifedlion to me^ to almoll the very 
lalf , and ih departed this life in fweet peace, 
of which I was favoured, after her removal 
from me, with a certain evidence to my 
unfpeakablc fatisfacSlion ; whereby I plainly 
faw my great lofs was her everlafting gain, 
and was enabled to bow in humble ae- 
quiefcence to the divine will, who knows 
what is beft, and orders all things in per- 
fedl wifdom. ' 

Being apprehenfive that I fliould be edn- 
cerned to travel pretty much abroad in th& 
fervice of truth, for fbme years; I thought 
it my duty, as foon as I conveniently could^ 
to place my children where they might be 
trained up in the way of truth, and to go 
myfelf out of bulinefs. This vievV or ap- 
prehenfion of things, had been gradually 
coming upon my mind for a conliderable 
time; but now the weight thereof much 
incrcafed; the time alfo of entering there-? 

I upon. 

6o The t JOURNAL or 

iipon, appearing pretty clear to my mind 
having found it my incumbent duty, not 
only to wait for a full confirmation of a 
right call to travel abroad in the work of 
the miniftry, but alfo to know the accept- 
able time for engaging therein; all which 
will be fully difcovered by fuch, as with 
a fingle eye to God's glory, defire, above 
all things, to be found faithful. 

The firft journey I entered upon, was 
a fecond vifit to friends in New-England. 
I fet out in order thereunto, the 23d of the 
3d month, 1747, and was at two meetings 
in Burlington next day. From thence I 
went to a quarterly-meeting at Chefter- 
field; after which I got to Flufhing on 
Long-Ifland the 27th. Next day I at- 
tended their week-day meeting. The year- 
ly-meeting for that province then came 
on, which held four days. It was large, 
and the divine prefence appeared therein to 
our mutual comfort and ftrength. 

The 2d of the 4th month, being four 
in number, we fet out for Rhode-Ifland; 
pafling through the colony of Connsfticut*, 
we met with civil courteous ufage, as be- 
fore, when I travelled through that country. 
I felt great love in my heart towards them, 
in which I had a ftrong perfuafion, if not 
fomething of a forefight, that truth, in the 
Lord's time, will break forth and fpread 
in that colony. For though I believe fuper- 
•ftition and bigotry are very predominant 



amongft them; yet they appeared to me 
in general, a cleaner people in their mo- 
rals, than in many other places where I 
have travelled. At New-Haven in that 
colony, they have a college in order to 
train up their, minifters, &c. I found an 
inclination t6 go amongft the collegians, 
who gathered about me, carrying them- 
felves civil and refpedful. I had much 
difcourfe and reafoning with them con- 
cerning our principles : they appearing de- 
firous of information, I anfwered their 
queftions in a concife manner; referring 
them to Robert Barclay's apology (which I 
fuppofed they had in their library) for a 
further explanation thereof. I could not 
help remarking, with pleafure, the becom- 
ing order they obferved in their queftions 
and anfwers : one at once, without the leaft 
flout, jeer, or any thing like mockery. I 
found work alfo amongft them, to remove 
the prejudice fome had imbibed againft us 
as a people, on account of the wicked and 
frantick behaviour and conduct of one 
Rogers and his followers; who, I think, 
dwelt about New-London in that pro- 
vince, calling themfelves Quakers ; and 
as there were none of the right fort, that ' 
people might fee the difference, they were 
ready to conclude, that all the people cal- 
led Quakers were fuch, to the great re- 
proach of our fociety. I declared to them, 
that their adions were as much abhorred 


6% The JOURNAL ov 

by us, as they could be by 'any people what- 
ever; that Rogers and his company of ran- 
ters were no more of our fociety than they 
were of theirs; that it would be very hai»d 
and unjuft, if we, as a people, fliould be de- 
famed, by means of a crew, whom we 
had nothing farther to do with, than to 
let the world know our abhorrence of their 
practices, and that they took our name upon 
them, in all probability, as a cloak to cover 
their wickednefs. Thefe young fludents 
readily admitted what I laid to be very jvifl 
and reafonable. I believe this opportnnity 
tended to the reputation of our fociety; 
and am fure it was to my comfort and 
fatisfadlion ; feeling the love of God flow 
in mine heart towards thofe young men, 
fome of whom I did not think far from 
the kingdom. I called again to fee them 
in my return, and gave them fome books, 
viz, two letters written by Samuel Crifp, 
giving reafons why he johied with the peo- 
ple called Quakers; a Treatife on Bap- 
tifm, by William Dell; and I think fome 
others, but do not now particularly re- 
member; which they received very kindly, 
ftill carrying themfelves refpe(5lful to me. 
Now I am on thefe remarks, I cannot well 
omit taking notice pf the great difference 
pbferved by me fince in the nation of Eng- 
land, at the two great univerfities, in th^ 
t)ehaviour of the ftadents, whom they pre- 
tend to be training up for gofpel-mini*- 



fters, and for fome other employments to 
get a living by. Oh ! what floutings, jeer- 
ings, mockings, and deriding of that which 
is, ferious and humble like true religion! 
as though to w^ork out our falvatlon with 
fear and trembling, were not now the way 
to the kingdom of God; but that a fuf- 
ficient all u ranee, to feoff at and ridicule 
what in the primitive church and by the 
people of God in all ages, was accounted 
religious, were now the diftinguiihing mark 
of true Chriftians, and minifters of the 
gofpel. How have they frequently broken 
in upon our peaceable quiet meetings, like 
the raging foaming waves of a troubled fea, 
calling up mire and dirt! Such a con- 
ducft gives fober difcerning people, caufe 
to look upon them as a neft of unclean 
birds; who, inflead of promoting true re- 
ligion, may be inftrumental to fubvert it. 
I have often wondered, feeing the condufl: 
of many of thefe pretended gofpel-mini Iters 
is obvioully fo very bad, not only whilft 
they are learning the trade of preaching, 
but alfo in their following the fame for 
a livelihood ; how it comes to pafs that the 
people bear them. One reafon that appears, 
is, the laws of the land are much in their 
favour; but the principal reaion is, that 
people, in aim ft a general Avay, are ftran-r 
gers to the life and power of true religion ; 
^eing fatisfied with a profeilion thereof, 
and having itching ears, heaji to them-:? 



felves teachers; erroneoufly fuppoling the 
principal part of religion to confift in per- 
forming what they call religious duties ; 
as hearing fermons, prayers, and finging 
pfalms, 8cc. fome of the hearers being fb 
dark as to fay, fuch a one is a good teacher, 
though, perhaps, a drunkard, a fwearer, or 
guilty of other evils. It is plain, that the 
Itrengch and fecurity of fuch minifters, is 
in the darknefs and ignorance of people's 
minds. We do not read in the Revela- 
tions, of the locufts coming upon the earth, 
until the fmoke arofe out of the bottomlefs 
pit and darkened the fun and air; and 
whenever the children of men ihall, in a 
general way, turn to the light of the Sun 
of Righteoufnefs in their own hearts, 
inyftery Babylon, the mother of harlots, 
mud fall, and thefe her merchants will 
be wholly rejected. All their abominable 
craft will be fully difcovered. Great will 
be their torment, fear, and diftrefs in that 
day! The Lord Almighty haften the time 
for his own name's fake, when all craft 
violence, and fliedding of human blood may 
be at an end; and righteoufnefs cover the 
earth, as water covers the fea ! 

Some of the inhabitants of New-Haven 
fignified their defire that we Ihould appoint 
a meeting there, but we did not find fuf- 
ficient ftrength and courage to anfwer their 
requeft; fo proceeded on our journey, and 
got to Newport, on Rhode-Ifland, the 8th 



<5f the 7th month. Here we were kindly 
received by friends, and attended their 
yearly-meeting, which begun at Portf- 
mouth, where it held only one day, being 
a meeting for Worfliip; after which, the 
meetings for worfliip and buiinefs were 
held four days at Newport : they were very 
large and divinely favoured, fo that thofe 
who depended on the Lord alone for wif- 
dom and ftrength, were enabled to come 
up in the difcharge of their refpedlive duties, 
to their peace and comfort. When thi& 
great meeting was over, I had meetings at 
Tiverton, Little Compton, Accoakefet, and 
Aponyganfet, on firft-day, and was at their 
monthly-meeting on fecond-day. Next 
morning, about eight o'clock, I went on 
board a vefTel bound to the ifland of Nan- 
tucket, John Hanes mailer, where we ar- 
rived about one o'clock next morning. I 
ft aid upon this ifland about fix days, and 
was at their yearly and monthly-meetings j 
having good fatisfaction therein. I re- 
turned in the fame veflel, and landed on 
the continent in about fix hours j had a 
meeting at Falmouth, and went to their 
m^onthly-meeting at Sandwich, and attend- 
ed the quarterly-meeting which was held 
there. Here I met with divers friends from 
our parts who were on the fervice of truth. 
We had very clofe fearching laborious fer- 
vice amongft them, as things were very low 
and much out of order ; in part owing to 


66 TtiE JOtJRl^AL c5^ 

the neglect of fome members whofe minds 
had been too much taken np with earthly 
things to watch over the flock, as thofe 
who muft give an account. We endeavour- 
ed to lay the weight of things more clofcly 
upon the adlive members, and left them to 
the Lord's dealings; knowing, " that al- 
*' though Paul may plant, and Apollos may 
*' water, it is he alone that can give the 
** increafe." 

I went from thence to Pembroke, where 
I had a meeting; and through Bofton to 
Lynn, where I had a meeting alfo; thence to 
Salem monthly- meeting, and returned to 
Bofton, and had two meetings there, being 
firfl-day. From thence I went diredlly to 
Rhode-lfland, and had meetings at Portf- 
mouth, and Newport, to good fatisfadion : 
the Lord giving power and dominion, by 
the blefled eificacy of his pure word of 
life, over all of a contrary nature to itfelf, 
whereby I was enabled to clear my mind, 
to my great eafe and comfort. I then re- 
turned homewards with much fatisfadlion 
and peace of mind ; taking meetings in my 
way at Connanicut-lfland, and South 
Kingfton ; fo proceeded on my jouriTey 
through Connecticut, and lodged at New- 
Haven. 1 fpent part of a day in conver- 
fation, and reafoning with fome well dif- 
pofed people, to fatisfadlion. I alfo vifited 
the Undents as before hinted; after which 
I proceeded on my journey to Long-Reach, 



whei=e 1 had a meeting, and went to the year- 
iy-ineeting at We£l~Che(ler. From thence 
I travelled homewards, having, as hereto- 
fore, caufe to be humbly thankful to the 
fountain of all goodnefs, vs^ho was near to 
help as the eye was fingle to him, in all 
proving times, whether in heights or depths ; 
and as he was waited upon, gave wifdom 
and utterance. I defire he alone m.ay for 
ever have the praifc and glory, if any good 
is done; as there is no good but what 
proceeds from him. I had not been long 
returned from the before-mentioned jour- 
ney, when I laid before the monthly- 
meeting I belonged to, a concern which 
had been u|oon my mind fome years, to 
vifit the churches in divers parts of Great- 
Britain and Ireland ; defiring their con- 
currence and certiiicate, if, upon weighty 
deliberation, they found unity with my 
propofal; iniimaclng the time for entering 
upon that rolemn undertaking had appeared 
to me for fome time to be drawing near, 
and that I Ihould look out for a palfage 
before the end of the year. A certifi- 
cate was prepared, letting forth their unity 
with my lervice in the miniftry, and v/itli 
'my intended journey ; defiring my la- 
bours therein might tend to the edifica- 
tion of the cluircheis v/here my lot fhould 
be caft , and for my return to them again 
in ' peace ; alio exprefTmg that I had fet- 
tled my outward alTairs lo the fatisfavStion 

K of 

68 The JOURNAL of 

of that meeting : for I had acquaintccJ 
friends how I had fettled them, as I thought 
it concerned them to be fatisfied in that, 
as well as other things ; it being my ear- 
neft defire to have the fviU concurrence 
of my brethren in fo great an under- 

I took fome little turns in vifiting adja- 
cent meetings ; and before the yearly-meet- 
ing came on, I went to North-Wales meet- 
ing, and about twenty miles further up 
the country to Richland, in order to take 
my leave of fome friends and relations, as 
well as to vifit that meeting. In my re- 
turn homewards I was taken very ill of 
what is there called the yellow fever; be- 
caufe the patient is thereby turned as yellow 
as if he had the jaundice. I reached to the 
houfe of my worthy friend, Thomas Foulke, 
who, with his good wife and children, 
were as affecflionately kind to me as if I 
had been one of their neareft relations. But 
this malignant fever greatly increafed upon 
me. My filler was fent for, and feveral 
doctors were employed. Thofe who faw 
me concluded all was over, and that I mufl 
depart out of this life. I took little no- 
tice of any thing; yet I think I was for the 
moft ' part fenfible, and could perceive I 
was given up for death, by thofe who had 
the c;ire of me. Once they thought I was 
near drawing my lafl breath; they therefore 
drew a pillow from under m^y head, and 



unbuttoned the neckband of my fliirt, out 
of kindnefs, to make the Uft ftruggle be- 
tween Hfe and death the eafier. For my 
part, I could not fee how it would go with 
me; but had not much, if any apprehen- 
fion of being taken away by death at that 
time. This fore illnefs happening in the 
yearly-meeting time, which was held that 
year at Philadelphia, I requefted the cer- 
tificate I had obtained of the monthly- 
meeting, for my intended journey into Eng- 
land, &c. might be laid before the yearly- 
meeting of minifters and elders (as is ufugil 
in fuch cafes) for the concurrence of friends ; 
and if they found freedom and unity there- 
with, to fignify the fame to the brethren 
in England, by an indorlement thereon. 
It was laid before the faid meeting by my 
good friend Michael Lightfoot, and the 
meetings free concurrence obtained; it was 
ligned by a very great number of friends. 
This was done when many thought there 
would be no occafion for a certificate, as 
they fully expedled it was near over with 
me, as to this world. But I was not eafy to 
mifs fo good an opportunity of having a 
concern of fo great importance folidly weigh- 
ed by fuch a fubftantial body of friends; 
as I was not likely to have fuch another 
opportunity, if the Lord Ihould be pleafed 
to raife me up again. This fore illnefs 
brought me very low indeed, fo that when" 
the fever abated, and I was fit to be helped 


70 The JOURNAL of 

out of bed, I could not ftand alone; yet I 
recovered to admiration ; being able, in 
about a week, to ride home in a chaife, 
about twenty-fix miles ; whicli 1 bore very 
vveli. On my return home, my friends and 
neighbours came to fee me, greatly rejoice- 
ing at my recovery^ which they did not 
cxpecl from wliat ibme had feen and 
others had heard, for feveral of them vifited 
me in my illnefs. This wi:s a time of deep 
probation to me both inwardly and out- 
wardly ; being tried, as I fbmetimcs have 
been when great wcaknefs of body hath 
been upon me, with ibre and diftreiTmg 
poverty of fpirit; not haying diftinct fatis- 
faftion and clearnefs in my own mind 
how it was with me as to m.y inward con- 
dition, judging an evidence of peace and 
comfort from the holy fpirit would be a 
wonderful fupport at fucU times of bodily 
afflidion; and have found it fo, when it 
hath pleafed the Lord to favour me there- 
with. But he knows vvhat is bed and moft 
fvii table for us ; and therefore I hnd by ex- 
perience, it is the fafeft way to reiign our 
wills to his holy will ; as we muit, for the 
moft part, whilll in this militant (late, 
walk by faith, and not by fight. I am fully 
perfuaded fuch trying difpcnfations of di- 
vine providence to us, arc greatly profitable 
for our growth in the way that is VvcU 
pleanng to him ; and if patiently borne, 
will, in his time, be a means to work for 



us a far more exceeding and eternal weight 
of glory. 

Soon after my health was rellored, an 
ancient friend whofe name was Peter. 
Davis, from New-England, €arae to Phi- 
ladelphia in order to take a paflage for 
England, and our friepd Thomas Gawthrop 
having performed a religious viiit to friends 
on the continent of America, intending to 
embark Ihortly for the fame, with liaac 
Greenleaf a friend on trade, I joined 
them; all agreeing to take our pailage in 
a new fliip bound ior London. 

One thing I would jiifl remark, that 
fome friends, and, as I underRood, Ibme 
others alfo, taking notice how providentially 
publick friends had been prelerved during 
the war which was then with France and 
Spain, fo that none of them had been 
taken by the enemy, did prefume thereon; 
and w^ould fay There is nt) need to infure 
goods in that fliip, as fo many publick 
friends are going in her, flie will doubt- 
lefs go fafe. 1 much diiliked this (as I 
thought) unjuflifiable confidence, leeing the 
judgments of the Lord are a great deep, 
being unfearchable, and his ways pafl our 
finding out. It becomes us in all our 
undertakings, to commit ourfelves and all 
we have into his hands, in hum.blc rc- 
fignation to do or fuffer v\7h?ttevcr his wif- 
dom may point out or permit to fall 
upon us, for the trial of our faith and 


72 The JOURNAL of 

patience; as his mercy, power, and gooJnefs 
are as confpicuous in preferving, delending, 
and carrying us through great and uncom- 
mon probations to his giory, conlequently 
to our own advantage in the end, as in 
wholly exempting us from them. Even 
Job had no caufe to complain of his un- 
parallelled affliflions, when they were over 
and he faw how greatly he had profited 
thereby. A friend faid to me before we 
embarked, he did not pretend to determine 
whether we Ihould be taken or not; but 
however that might happen, he did be- 
lieve fome friends in our ftation would be 
taken ; not only to check that unwarrantable 
confidence in fbme, both friends and others, 
but he alfo apprehended, a fervice might 
arife from fuch being call amongft thofc 
dark people, though againft their will. I 
did not pretend any alfurance in my own 
mind, of prefervation out of the enemies 
hands; but was made willing to commit 
my foul, body, and all that 1 had imto the 
Lord, as into the hands of a faithful Creator, 
not doubting the fufficiency <^f his power 
for prefervation in every condition of life. 

On the 30th of the 9th month 1747, the 
before-mentioned friends, who were to be 
my companions upon the mighty ocean, 
fet out from Philadelphia in order to em- 
bark at Chefter, in company with many 
friends, and called for me at my houfe 
in Derby, being the direcft road. Myielf, 



and a confiderablc number of friends and 
neighbours joined them, and proceeded to 
Chefter that night ; where, at the houfe of 
our ancient friend Grace Lloyd, we had a 
fblemn meeting. Next day, being the ift 
of the loth month, about two o'clock in 
the afternoon, we took leave of friends 
in great love and tendernefs, and went on 
board the lliip, which fell down the river 
that evening a little lower than Newcaftle. 
Ne^lt day in the evening, we came to an 
anchor near Reedy-Iiland, where w^e were 
detained by a great ftorm of wind and rain 
until the 5th in the morning, w^hen wc 
fet fail with a fair w^ind, taking our depar- 
ture from the Gapes of the Delaware about 
fix the fame evening. The wind continued 
fair for the mod part, though very ftrong, 
and a following fea running exceeding high 
until the i8th; when, according to their 
calculation, we had run about two-thirds 
of our pafTage; feldom having more than a 
forefail fet, and that fometimes reefed, and 
at other 'times double reefed. As we had 
fuch a high following fea, it was thought 
the fliip was a-head of their reckoning. 
From the iSth to the 23d the wind con- 
tinued pretty fair, but more moderate than 
before. Then it turned about to the eaft- 
ward and blew exceeding hard, with a very 
high fea, until the 29th, in which time we 
lay to, and drove about witherfoever the 
wind and waves could carrv ui. We could 



get very little or nothing forward, but were 
exceedingly toiied. This was indeed a very 
trying tune; the motion of the waves was 
fo violent, that though flie was a ftrong new 
lliip, Ihe was beat upon with fo much force 
as to make her crack from end to end in a 
jliocking manner, as if {he would have 
been broken to pieces. I then thought thofe 
in my iituation had good reafon to know 
well what they were about, and what they 
expofed themfelves to. fuch dangers for; 
that they had great need to have the mighty 
Ruler of the lea and land for their friend. 
For if he had been pleafed to withdraw 
his protection, there was only about a two- 
inch plank between us and eternity, which 
was to me very awful at that time to think 
of; for I was not without my tolTmgs and 
combats of mind, at times, during theie out- 
ward probations. The 29th proved a J&ne 
day, fo that they had a good obfervation, 
and judged we were then about an hundred 
and fifty leagues from the Land's-End of 
England. Next day, being the 30th of the 
loth month, Thomas Gawthrop having had 
a very reillefs painful night, by troublefome 
dreams, &c. had ibme expedation of our 
being taken (as he afterwards intimated) he 
fhepped upon deck about eight o'clock in the 
morning, and immediately efpied a fail upon 
our windward quarter, giving us chace. 
He quickly raifed the carelefs captain, 
who ought to have been looking out before 



that time, and to have Vv^atched more nar- 
rowly than he did, confidering the truft re- 
pofed in him. The captain, when he per- 
ceived we were chafed, appeared much con- 
cerned, giving the ihip up for taken in his 
mind already. We urged him to put out 
all the fail he could croud, and to exert 
his utmoft endeavour to efcape, offering to 
affifl all in our power, as we often had 
done before, being very poorly manned; 
in part owing to the failors unwillingnefs 
to go into fliips bound to London, left they 
fliould be preffed on board men of war, 
It happened to be a moderate wind, fo that 
we could have borue all the fail belonging 
to the ihip ; but through negledl before, 
neither topgallant-fails nor fteering-fails 
were in a condition to be fet; neither 
would the captain be prevailed upon to 
have a reef taken out of the mainfail. The 
veffel was very badly fleered, as the French 
remarked when they had taken us. The 
captain ordered lier to be clofe hauled to 
the wind, vainly hoping, as he intimated, 
we fliould get to the windvvrard of them, 
being deeply laden. But this was very ill 
judged, if really the elTeil of judgment, as 
the way of the ihip was thereby much 
hindered to v/hat it would have been if 
flie had gone large, taking the ftrength of 
the wind. Notwithftanding this, we held 
the privateer in chafe about nine hours. 
She came up v/ith us about five o'clock in 

L the 

76 The JOURNAL of 

the evening, and fired a gun under French 
colours; upon which our people lowered 
their colours and topfail, by way of fub- 
mitting to them. They hoifled out a fmall 
boat to fea, the fea running high, in which 
came the fecond captain and a lieutenant 
with feven or eight failors, to take poffelhon 
of a very valuable prize. She was a fnow 
privateefr belonging to Bayonne, carrying 
ten carriage guns, and about one hundred 
men, commanded by one Peter Garalon. 
As the boat was rowing towards us, the 
people therein made fuch a dark, mean, 
and contemptible appearance, that our poor 
failors cried out in a very mournful affeci:- 
ing manner. We fhall all be ufed very bad 
and cruelly, like dogs, for they are a piti- 
ful crew, and no ofScer amongfl them: but 
in this they were miftaken. For my part, 
the Lord being exceeding gracious to my 
foul, by the bleffed fupport and folacing 
comfort of his holy fpirit, all that day I 
was quite calm and eafy : all fear of the 
enemy or whatever I might have to pafs 
through in fuch a time of trial, was wholly 
taken away for the prefent ; my mind being 
filled with humble refignation to the divine 
will; yet was willing, as I thought it a. 
point of prudence, to ufe endeavours for 
efcaping out of their hand if it were prac- 
ticable. ■ ' 

The before-mentioned .fecond captain of 
the privateer, whofe name was Andrew De 



St. Andrew, boarded us with a naked cutlafs 
in his hand, eight or nine men following 
him. He fpoke to us in good Englifli 
very chearfuUy, faying to this efFect, ' Your 
fervant gentlemen ; it is the fortune of the 
war, although it is ours to day, it may be 
yours to-morrow;' and promifed good ufage. 
He then ordered the captain, mate, and 
failors, except two, and we who 'were cabiia 
paflengers, being ten in number, to go on 
board the privateer ; upon which the. boat 
was loaded and went off. He took notice 
that we w^re of the people called Quakers; 
by which he gave us to underftand that he 
was not altogether a ftranger to us as a peo- 
ple. The chief reafbn of fending away 
thofe on board a prize being for their own 
fecurity, left there might be danger of 
their rifing and recovering the fhip again, 
we conceived fome hopes, from the known 
peaceable principles we profefs, to be fo 
far indulged as to have remained on board 
the prize ; and therefore did not incline 
to go with the firft boat- full; making 
ufe of that fpace of time in an earneft 
folicitation to remain there, having much 
better accommodation than we could reafon- 
ably expedl on board the privateer; but 
all the arguments we could advance feemed 
ineffeclual. When the boat returned, he 
ftill urged the orders he had from the head 
captain to fend us all on board: upon 
which I ftepped over the fide of the veiGTel, 


78 The JOURNAL of 

taking hold of the hand-rope, with a defign 
to go into the boat : when there, it ap- 
peared to me exceedingly hazardous, the 
lea running very high. 1 turned about and 
looked this French captain full in the face, 
?tnd exprefled myfclf in as moving terms as 
I was capable of, concerning the danger he 
was about expofing us to unneccflkrily ; 
which, through divine favrour, took fiich 
impreffion upon him, that he took me by 
the hand and drew me into the fhip again, 
faying. You fhall flay here to night how- 
ever. He had before demanded the keys of 
our chefts, under pretence it was to prevent 
their falling into the hands of the common 
men, whereby they might plunder our 
chefts ; but the true realon was, that he 
and the other officers might do it themfelves 
firfl; which they did after we were gone 
to-bed that night, returning our keys next 
morning, with large promifes of protedlion 
and good ufage ; which, every thing con-? 
fidered, they in a good degree fulfilled. 
We could not help looking upon it as a 
kind providence, which made way for our 
remaining on board the prize ; having there 
the free ufe of our private ftores, and being 
better waited upon than before we were 
^aken, having two cabin boys tor that pur- 
pofe. Captain Andrew, to give him his 
due, carried himfelf refpedfully to us;,* fre- 
quently filling our plates plentifully, though 
l^e might, at times, have lefs left for him- 


felf; and when he wanted any Uquors 
or other provifions out of onr chefts, he 
would afk us for them in a fubmiflive man- 
ner, as if he had no authority to demand. 
This kind carriage of his gained mvich 
upon US, to place fome confidence in him, 
which in the end he made ufe of to his 
own advantage, by craftily getting from 
ITS to the amount of about ;/^2oo fterling, 
the particulars of which would be too 
tedious to relate. After the French had 
got poffeffion of our fliip, they put her in 
a fine trim for failing, fo that it was plain 
flie could outfail the privateer that took 
her by much. Captain Andrew informed 
us, we were, when they took us, about 
eighty leagues from Cape-Clear in Ireland, 
and about one hundred and twenty-five 
leagues from the Land's-End of England. 

The next day came on board the chief 
captain, to examine the cargo, &c. He made 
this Andrew captain of the prize, of which 
we were glad, as he could fpeak Englifh 
tvell, and from what we could conceive«of 
him, there was reafon to expeft favourable 
ufage under his care ; which w*as alfo pro- 
mifed us by the head captain. They found 
the cargo fb valuable that it was concluded 
the privateer fliould keep us company, in. 
order to convoy us fafe to fome port of 
France or Spain. Now having new mafters, 
we had a new courfe to fteer; but the 
win4 fet againft us, blowing very hard and 


8o The JOURNAL of 

ftormy. We lay to often, and were ex- 
ceedingly tofled for the moft part, for about 
two weeks, and did not in that time think 
ourfelves any nearer Bayonne than when we 
were taken. They wanted more prey, 
therefore efpied and chafed feverai veffels, 
who had the good fuccefs to get away frorti 
them. We were once chafed ourfelves, by 
a fine large ftiip; they took her to be an 
Englifh man of war, and appea;red to be 
greatly alarmed ; but wdien flie came up, 
they found her to be a privateer belonging 
to the town called St. Maloes, cari^ ing 
twenty carriage guns and about three hun- 
dred men. We left the privateer that took 
us, a great way during this chace, our fliip 
being fixed upon at a great diftance, for the 
befl booty. 

It was the 2 2d of the i ith month before 
we faw any land, and when we did, they 
proved much miftaken, thinking themfelves 
fixty or feventy leagues nearer Bayonne than 
they, upon better information, found. We 
had pleafant failing near the land on the 
Spanifh Coafl which borders on the Bay of 
Bifcay ; it being high land, afforded con- 
fiderable delight to us, as we had been long 
confined to the fight of water only. The 
24th in the dufl^ of the evening, we had 
near entered the port called St. Sebaflian, 
when the wind chopped in right a-head 
and drove us out to fea again. The pri- 
vateer got into a place called Port-PafTage, 



about a league from thence, next morning 
early. But we, being forced farther off by- 
contrary winds, had great difficulty to get 
in that day, being for many hours towed 
by fifteen boats, in which were one hundred 
and fifty men labouring at their oars. They 
appeared very anxious to get our veffel into 
fome port, as they feared fome Englifh fhip 
cruizing in the Bay^ might call them to an 
account. We poor captives went on fhore 
the 26th in the morning, being glad and 
thankful to have the opportunity of fetting 
our feet again on firm land, although in an 
enemy's country ; for, fetting afide the 
great affliction of being taken by an enemy, 
it had been an exceeding rough boifterous 
trying paffage, of about eight weeks. It 
was very mild fpring-like weather there, 
though about the middle of winter. We 
diverted ourfelves with walking about in 
the day, and lodged aboard at night, 
whilfh we ftaid in that fmall place, which 
was till the 29th, when horfes were pro- 
vided for us to travel by land, about thirty 
miles, to Bayonne; the dod:or of the pri- 
vateer being ail the guard and guide we 
had. There was a very plentiful dinner 
provided for us at a fea-port town in 
France called St. Jean-de-Luz. I was not 
at all pleafed with the forward w^anton car- 
riage of the women ; fuch as I had never 
feen before: I reproved them, but feme, 
by way of excufe, faid, the principal 



thing they intended thereby, was to chee^ 
up our fpirirs in our captivated ftate; yet 
I could hardly believe their defign was fo 

We had been told by Captain Andrew, 
that on our arrival at Bayonne, we that 
were cabin-paflengers fliould immediately 
have a parole of honour granted us ; but 
we did not find it fo. Being brought be- 
fore the commilfary, he ordered us to be 
taken into the caftle ; yet we had the liber- 
ty there to hire rooms, with beds in them 
(fuch as they were,) and to have provifions 
for our money ; of which we foon found 
we had need to be well' ftored, as they 
had a notable knack of getting it from us ; 
for we could not buy any thing ourfelves, 
but all muft come through the hands of 
fuch as knew how to make -a property of 
us. I never knew any people fo thorough- 
ly furnilhed with artful ways 'to get money, 
as the French. Their tongues were very 
,much at command, and they could ufe 
them with great wit and addrefs in order 
to gain our good opinion of th^m, but 
I never perceived they meant any thing 
elfe in the main thereby, but advantage to 
themfelves; and therefore, faw it necelfary 
to be as much as I could on my guard. We 
were very much impofed upon on account 
of provifions^ and our money went very fafl. 
Not being quite without fear, if they 
fhould difcover we had fuflScient, fome other 



way might be foXmcl out to get it 
from us, we made inquiry whether any 
could be found willing to fupply us with 
money, and take our draught upon Lon- 
don, allowing them a premium. We foon 
found they were very willing to do it, 
merely upon the credit of our fociety; 
fuch reputation hath the real poifelfion of 
truth gained our friends, far and wide ; 
but, to our forrow, the bare profeffion of 
it, in divers mournful inflances of late, 
hath produced quite the contrary eiTeS: ; 
fo that there hath been reafon to fear, 
the great credit gained by our worthy pre- 
decelfors for juftice and pundluality, is ia 
danger of being, in fome meafure, loft to 
the fociety, by the mifconduct of fome of 
their defcendants. They told us, that di- 
vers of the people called Quakers had been 
amongfh them, but they were not like us ; 
that they looked upon us to be precift 
ftifF Quakers ; but thofe who had been 
there before, behaved in a complaifant man- 
ner, not flicking at the punctilio of tjie 
hat. Sec. We let them know, that our be- 
haviour in thofe refpe6ls, was no other than 
what is confiiient with our principles; that 
we could not anfwer for thofe who were 
hypocrites, profeifrng one thing and prac-' 
tifing another. We could difcover, that 
upon all occahons, they feemed to have a 
greater dependance on our veracity, than 
that of the reft of our company ; and upon 

M tlie 

S4 The JOURNAL of 

the whole, fliewed us full as much, if not 
more kindnefs. Our confinement and ufage 
in thi2 caftle grew very difagreeable to us ; 
Vv^e therefore took the opportunity, when 
the commiffary came (which we underftood 
was ufually once a week) to lay before him 
the. treatment we met with, and to requefh 
our liberty upon parole. He pretended to 
make ibme difficulty of it, and we found 
many then in the caftle had been endeavour- 
ing fome time to procure that liberty and 
could not. But when we difcovered danger 
of being put off, as they had been, ^ve prefT- 
ed it upon him with more earneftnefs. 
Hereupon we had a parole of honour 
granted for upwards of twenty. The 
place fixed upon for our refidence was 
Dax, an ancient town about forty miles 
up Bayonne River. We were fent thi- 
ther by water, and were in the boat all 
night, having very difagreeable company, 
the worft of whom were Englifli and 
Scotch. Thefe had laid a fcheme to pre- 
ifent our being admitted into the fiune boat, 
which was very ungrateful in them, as they 
knew we had been the principal inftru- 
ments of procuring that liberty, ef|.:>eclally 
for fome of them. Without doubt, their 
reafon for that attempt was, that th-ey might 
enjoy the intended frolick, without any 
rebuke or interruption from us. We bore 
their filthy obfcene difcourfe and behaviour 



for fome time ; but, at kngth, being eiiceed- 
iugly burdened, Thomas Gawthrop and 
I were concerned to reprove them very 
feverely, deiiring them to coniider, what 
the French people in the boat could 
think of thofe who called themfelves 
Proteftants. Some of them feemed at fir ft 
to retort, but the weight of our fpirit^ 
came over them ; we . being on truth's 
fide, vs^hich is ftrongeft of all, they were 
foon overcome and filenced. From that 
time we kept them at a didance, not look- . 
ing upon them worthy of our notice in a 
way of intimacy, fo that when we came 
to Dax, we ieparated from them, boarding 
by ourfelves. On our arrival there, we 
were brought before the governor of die 
caflle; and our manner of appearing before 
our fuperiors being different from that of 
others, vi'ith which we did not expect he 
was acquainted, and might probably put an 
unfavourable conftruiftion upon ; we there- 
fore defired our interpreter to inform him, 
that we did not ftand before him covered in 
contempt, or any ways in difrefpecft, it 
being our principle and practice fo to ap- 
pear before our fuperiors in our own nation. 
His anfwer v/as to this effedl, viz» ' I airi 
not at all offended with their appearance |. 
I know fomething of thofe people.' He 
gave us the liberty of the town and country 
around; and we got pretty good quarters,^ 



and lived much- more to our minds than in 
Bawnne Cattle . 

This town is now a mean place, but 
there are ftill remauis of its ancient great- 
neft. I find by hiftory, it was once the 
capital of Aquitalne, and was then called 
Aqua SoUs, from its hot waters. At one 
place I found the heat fo furprizingly great, 
that I could not bear my fingers in the 
water a quarter of a minute. This water was 
inclofed with ftone walls of about twenty 
yards fquare, having brafs or iron cocks or 
ijpouts, to convey water for the ufe of the 
inhabitants ; it anfwering the purpofe of 
boiling water for wa filing linen, &c. There 
arifes a ileam or fmoke therefrom, like unto 
a vaft furnace or lime-kiln. We being 
there in Lent- time (as they call it) were 
told the priefts were uneafy at our being 
indulged with flefh, and that they i-^quefled 
the governor to give orders for preventing 
it. We were informed that he turned very 
ihort upon them, and laid, ^ I will give no 
fuch orders. What have they to do with 
your Lent ? Cannot you be contented to 
keep it yourfelves?' He carried himfelfvery 
civilly to us, and came once in perfon to 
invite us to a bull-bating, offering, as we 
•were ftrangers, to prefer us to the beft 
place for the purpofe of feeing, which was 
the balcony in the front of his houfe. We 
acknowledged his civility, but at the fame 



time gave him to underftand, we did not 
allow ourfelves to attend fuch kind of 
diverfions. I underftood. they bait bulls 
there with men inftead of dogs ; but I did 
not fee it. 

There are many worfhip-houfes, and two 
nunneries in Dax. Their clergy, of vari- 
ous orders, fwarm like locufts, who fleece 
the people to that degree, that it may be 
truly faid, of much the greater part, they 
are in a ftace of abje6l poverty and vaflal- 
age ; ftupidly devoted to follow thefe blind 
guides witherfoever they think proper 
to lead them, not daring to judge at all 
for themfelves in matters of religion. Oh, 
happy England ! Oh, land blelTed "with 
liberty ! What haft thou not to anfwer for, 
if right ufe be not made of fo great a 
privilege ? 

We went one day to vifit and converfe 
with the nuns, which we did through large 
iron grates, by an interpreter. They beha- 
ved themfelves very civil, courteous, and 
free in difcourfe. One of the iifters lay 
dead in an apartment. The corpfe was laid 
in a coffin drefled in black, having twelve 
wax candles Rghted and fet in filver can- 
dlefticks, fix on each fide, and fome at 
her feet, and a black crofs fixed between 
her fingers on her breaft, as if fhe was look- 
ing at it. Several of the nuns were about 
her, fome kneeling, and others fitting on 


88 The JOURNAL of 

the floor, with books in their hands, pray- 
ing for the foul departed, as we conjectured. 
One was ringing a bell, perhaps it Avas what 
they call a holy bell, that at the found 
thereof all the evil fpirits might be chafed 
out of the foul's way in its flight towards 
the other world. We went from this to 
the other nunnery, but could not be imme- 
diately admitted to fee the nuns, as they 
were employed in finging pfalms or fome 
kind of religious fongs, which we could 
hear at a confiderable diftance: it was 
thought by fome of the company, the 
fined mufick they ever heard ; but I neither 
am, nor deiire to be, a judge thereof. We 
flood in an open entry before a fine chapel, 
but did not go into it, though the door 
"was open ; for indeed I had no freedom to 
go into any of their idols temples, yet we 
could fee many upon their knees praying, 
fome before one image, and fome before ano- 
ther. As we waited here, not intending 
nor expelling to give any offence, it being 
an open entry (but I fuppofe it was hal- 
lowed, or confecrated, as they call it, 
though not difcovered to be fo by us,) there 
came a monk to us in a great pafTion, and 
talked very faft in French. We faw he was 
angry, but did not underftand what he faid, 
and therefore afked the interpreters, hav- 
ing, I think, two with us then. They told 
us, he faid we had polluted that holy place, 



viz. in keeping our hats on, inafmuch as 
their Lord God was there ; that if we had 
no more manners, they had a way to teach 
us better. We then departed, being depri- 
ved of the intended vlfit to the nuns, but 
that was no great difappointment. Their 
crofles, either of wood or ft one, are very- 
numerous, being ere(5led in all the crofs 
roads, and alfo at inany places in and 
about their towns and villages ; on fome 
of which images are faftened, with an 
imitation of the crown of thorns, the reed, 
fpear, and fpunge. That the people's great 
poverty may more fully appear, I ihall 
give a ftiort defcription of the llioes moft 
of them wear, who w^ear any fort: they 
are wholly made of wood, being hollowed 
out for the feet, except a piece of leather 
about three inches broad, acrofs the inftep„ 
They appear very inconvenient to walk in, as 
they do not yield at all to the feet, I am 
perfuaded there is not one in iixty, in that 
part of France, who wear any other fort of 
flioes. Many waggon loads of thefe fhoes 
are brought to Dax market every week. 

The 2 1 ft of the 1 2th month, a melTen- 
ger from Bayonne brought us the agreeable 
news of a cartel-fhip from England being 
arrived at Port-Paffage. An order came 
foon after - for our return, and that we 
might be ready to embark therein the 24th. 
AVe hired a boat for that purpofe, and went 


go The JOURNAL of 

in her to Bayonne, being on the water all 
night. It was very cold fnowy weather, and 
I fiiftered much thereby, taking a great cold, 
which I did not get over for many days. 
What flill added to our diftrefs, was the 
commiflary's receiving us very roughly,- 
and ordering us into the caftle again. I 
know of no reafon he had for being in that 
ill-natured difpofition ; neither do I re- 
member he gave us any. I was ready to 
imagine it was only to furnifh a pretence 
to get fomething into his own pocket by 
our confinemenf. One thing made me 
think he had a feeling in the profits 
there, was his unwillingnefs to give us 
and others, a parole. However, when it 
appeared that we mufh go to prifon again, 
the captain of the before-mentioned cartel 
{hip being prefent, demanded our liberty ; 
which I iuppofe the commiffary durfl not 
deny him ; by which means we had the 
liberty of the town a few days, until 
matters were fettled for our travelling to- 
wards the fliip. 

One thing I am not willing to omit, 
as it will be a fpecimen of the unaccount- 
able fu perftition and idolatry of thofe peo- 
ple amongft whom our lot was caft. Tho- 
mas Gawthrop and 1 taking a walk, as we 
often did, into the fields, came to a fmall 
building, which was fomewhat in the na- 
ture gf a conduit, as there ifl'ued out at one 



end, fpouts of water, over which \Vas enclo- 
ftd, in net- work, an image whofe head 
feemed as if cut off or fevered from his body.^ 
It appeared to be a fine fpring of water; 
but that which came mod under our no- 
tice was, to obferve fo many worfhipping 
this v/ater and beheaded image: I fuppofe 
not lefs than fifteen on their knees, fome 
much nearer thereunto than others. We 
inquired the meaning thereof 5 but none 
underflood Engiifh, nor we French enough 
to converfe one with another; fo that we 
ftill remained in the dark, until by mak-- 
ing inquiry in the town, we received the 
following account, viz. that it i^ St. Leon's 
well, who is the titular faint of Bayonne. 
That this Leon was the lirft gofpel miillo- 
nary fent thither in the pagan times^ and 
that he Vvas greatly perfecuted by them, 
and laft of all beheaded on a hill above 
that place where the Well uow is. That 
when his Iicad was fevered from his bady 
it rolled down the hill and fell upon this 
place, upon which there immediately iiTued 
out a fpring or fountain of water. That 
it is nov/ . the conflant pracftice of ccnfef- 
fors to fend people to do penance at St. 
Leon's well; vv^ho muft fix themfelves on 
their knees nearer or farther off according 
to the nature of their crimes. 

When our captain had fully fettled things 

with the commillary relative to us, we 

' N proceeded 


qi The journal oi^ 

proceeded on our way towards the fliip. as 
far as the town called St. Jean-de-Luz, 
where w^e abode fome time, taking up our 
quarters at a large inn. One day when at 
dinner we received a vifit from two friars, 
one of whom being an Irifliman could fpeak 
Engliih well; the other had very little 
Engliih. We underftood the defign of 
their coming was to ufe endeavours in 
their pretended catholick fpirit, for our 
converlion, by bringing us into the bofom 
of their church, ovit of which, they fay, 
there is no falvation. This Irifli friar foon 
began to afk queftions, which, for a little 
while, feveral of us anfwered ; but the dif- 
pute feemed too much in a promifcuous 
and fcattered way, which was not quite fa tif- 
fadlory ; neither did it appear altogether 
fair for fo many to engage with one ;^ for 
the other friar could be of little ufe in 
argument, as he had not the language. I 
therefore finding my mind pretty much 
opened and warmly engaged, entered into 
a clofe difpute with him, which my com- 
panions obferving, left it to us. I foon 
found that his main fupport in argument 
was the authority and infallibility of their 
church, but more efpecially of the Pope; 
I therefore told him it was altogether fruit- 
lefs to fupport arguments againll me, by an 
authority I had no faith in ; but feeing he 
and I both allowed the holy fcriptures to 
be of divine authority, it would be much 



better for us to back our arguments by 
that authority only. It was exceeding diffi- 
cult to bring him to this, as I beheVe he 
clearly forefaw I fhould there be too many 
for 'him: which fell out accordingly, to 
that degree (the Lord being near, opening- 
my underflanding) that the poor man was 
fo confounded he knew not what to anfwer, 
nor how to fapport an argument thereby ; 
his memory fcarce ferving him to quote 
one fcripture pafTage truly. This I fome- 
times helped him in, repeating the paf- 
fages he aimed at, to fee what ufe he 
could make of them; but I found him as 
deficient in applying, as he was in remem- 
bering the holy fcriptures ; which induced 
me to think that even their clergy, fo cal- 
led, find thofe facred writings make fo 
little for the fupport of their religion, that 
they do not much regard them. The dif- 
pute continued moil of the afternoon ; in 
which I muft fay he carried himfelf with 
good nature and civility, at lead in ap- 
pearance. He would fometimes expreis 
his wonder at my memory ; faying, he 
thought I could repeat all the fcriptures 
by heart from the beginning of Genefis 
to the end of the Revelations. But I knew 
who gracioufly helped me ; for I did not 
go againft him in my own ftrength, the 
Lord being with me in fuch a manner 
that r thought I fhould not have been afraid 
to have engaged with an hundred of their 


94 The JOURNAL oi' 

moil crafty priefts; and therefore I did, 
and do offer the thankfglving and praife 
to him alone who is eternally worthy ! 
Towards the conckulon he ailved me what 
I thought of their eucharift, I felt (as I 
thought) a fnare in his queftion, where- 
upon " 1 afked him v/hether he intended 
to enfnare me by that queftion ; which he 
did not offer to deny. I was, however, en- 
abled to anfwer him in fuch a manner as 
that he could take no advantage thereof, to 
bring m.e into trouble. I often cried unto 
the Lord to preferve us in maintaining our 
tcftimony, agreeably to what he knev/ v/as 
right in his fight; and at the fame time to 
be exceeding watchful over our own fpirits, 
left they fliould be too much heated and 
raifed in a falfe zeal, with indignation again ft 
the deteftable idolatry and abominations of 
thofe dark countries, that we might not 
thereby imprudently put ourfelves into their 
power; not doubting if the Lord required 
any fervice of us amongft them, he would 
fupport us therein, for he hath all power 
in heaven and earth. The friars took their 
leave of us in the evening, lignifying they 
would vifit us again; but they never did, 
nor I hardly believe they intended it. 

From this place we went iato that part' of 
Spain where we firft landed, and ftaid there 
and at Scbaftian feveral weeks for the cartel 
fhip's failing. The Spaniards are much 
jnore dilagreeable to livp amongft than the 



French. The men appeared to its in *^ 
general way, poor, proud, and exceecr.nS 
lazy 5 filled with high conceits of thern-^ 
felves, both in a civil and religious fenlc. 
They fauntered about, w^alking with their 
cloaks over their fhoulders, looking upon us 
with contempt, as we neither could bow 
to their pride nor to their religion ; nor 
could we look upon them in a favourable 
light, when we obferved wliat Haves they 
made of their wives and of the women in 
general, who are employed in ail or moil 
of the drudgery, even in rowing their boats. 
I have fcen near the two lalt mentioned 
places in their ferries, and other buhnefs on 
the water, to fpeak within compafs, more 
than a hundred women thus employed; and -^ 
fcarcely a man is feen to touch an car, 
tmlefs he goes a fifhing; and then Lis 
wife, or fome woman, muft bring his cloak 
or fword to the water-fide g^ainlt he comes 
on ftiore, and carry the fifh home on her 
head, while he walks in ftate to the town. 
This one of the friends who were with me 
affured me he faw. I am far from envying 
our . Englifli women their happineis ; I 
think fuch indulgent ufage is due to the 
tendernefs of their fex every w^here; jeJC I 
think that were they to fee even what I have 
feen, as above hinted, they would be very 
thankful to the Author of their being for 
cafting their lots in England, or the En- 
glifh dominions. And indeed, confidering 


96- The JOURNAL of 

fome diiEculdes the fex labours tinder, 
which the men are exempt from, fuch as 
child-bearing, nurfing, &c. which render 
them very unfuitable for fuch laborious em- 
ployment, it difcovers great cruelty in the 
men to impofe it upon them. 

The darknefs of popery feems greater 
here than in France; although it may be 
feen and felt there beyond all expre'ffions. 
Oh the pain and diftrefs of foul I was almofl 
continually under by the muddy jivers of 
Babylon in thofe lands of darknefs ! the 
harp being indeed, as it were, hung upon 
tlie willows. No fweet melody nor fbng of 
Zion could be echoed forth (the Lord know- 
eth) under the power of the king of the 
bottomlefs-pit, who rules in the myftery of 
iniquity. Yet fo it mufl remain, until that 
Almighty arm of power that cut Rahab 
and wounded the dragon, is pleafed to arife 
and put on ftrength, that he may turn and 
overturn; pouring forth the phials of his 
wrath upon the feat of the beaft and falfe 
prophet, thereby making the fcarlet whore 
of Babylon defolate, and burning her flefh 
with fire; that the nations may no more 
be intoxicated with the abominations of 
the wine of her fornications*. May the 
Lord, for his oppreffed feed's fake, haftcn 
that da^, fo that the people and faints of 
the Moft High ma ^^ ob tain the kingdom, 

^If anid 

* See Pfalm 137. Ifaiah 51. and Revelations. 

J O H N G R I F F I T H. 97 

ai\d the earth enjoy her fabbath, when fweet 
incenfe in every place on the Lord's foot- 
ftool may be offered up to him with gra- 
cious acceptance*. 

I took notice at Port-Paflage that a per- 
fon went about the ftreet every evening 
tinkhng a ^hand-bel!, as if he had fome- 
thing to fell, yet I could not fee any thing 
he had, which made me alk the reafon of 
it : I was told, that it was to remind peo- 
ple of the fouls in purgatory, that they 
might pray for them. The m.aid of the 
houfe where we boarded brought a crucifix, 
defiring us to kifs it; which fome of the 
Englifh then prefent did, to pleafe her; 
but upon my refufal, and withal giving her 
a gentle rebuke for offering me fuch an 
affront, fhe aiarm.ed the houfe with com- 
plaints what a bad Chriilian I w^as for 
refufing to embrace that piece of brafs^ 
Having foon after to pafs through an en- 
try, I found two men, I fuppofe lying in 
wait for me. One of them came flily be- 
hind my back, laying fail hold of both 
my arms, in order to confine me, whilfl 
the other brought the image to my face; 
intending, no doubt, to force me into that 
which they could not bring me voliiutarily 
into. I foon perceived what they were 
about, and prefently freed myfelf from their 
(to me) very odious defign; fliewing them, 
by a fteni countenanlJf, and feme Iharp ex-^ 

* Dankl 7, 

9S The JOURNAL of 

preffions, that I was much difpleafed v/ith 
their uncivil treatment. 

I cannot fully account for the caufe, but 
vhilft in Spain, I felt at times, or at leaft 
I thought fo, fomething like fnares laid to 
do us mifchief. However that was, the 
Lord graciouily preferved us, and gave abi- 
lity to maintain our teftimony, as far as he 
was pleafed to require of us in thofe coun- 
tries ; which was chiefly in feeling the dif- 
treflins: wei^^ht of death and darknefs that 
covers the holy feed fown in the hearts of 
mankind, and which is prefTed down by their 
fuperflition, idolatry, and wickednefs " as 
*' a cart is preiGTed that is full of iheaves." 
It as furely groans for deliverance as Ifrael 
did under Egyptian bondage. In fympathy 
therewith (as I take it) my foul was moft- 

'ly in deep anxiety; being, as it were, 
dumb with filence, and clofed up in pain- 

I ful death and darknefs ; ready at times to 
fay. Surely I am in the fame fpirit with 
them. But the material difference was this ; 
it was their element, wherein they lived plea- 
fantly and delighted to breathe; whereas 
I could neither live nor breathe therein ; fo 
far from it that I often looked upon my- 
felf in a manner quite dead. But let ever- 
lafting praife afcend to the God of the 
living, world without end ! He was plea- 
fed to bring me through this horrible death 
and darknefs, to enjoy the glorious day of 
his ialvation again, and to be one of thofe, 

' though 


though unworthy, who have " the Lamb flain 
from the fomidation of the world" for their 
light and leader. Then I faw that even 
in that day of uncommon trials both with- 
in and without, my life was fure (though 
not difcerned by me,) being hid with Chrift 
in God. 

It was fome time after my arrival in Eng- 
land before the thick darknefs before 
mentioned quite wore off my mind ; yet I 
was favoured, at times, with the ihining of 
the Sun of Righteoufnefs, as it were break- 
ing through a thick cloud, to my unfpeak- 
able joy and comfort, and I believe in 
the work of the gofpel, to the great fatis- 
fa6lion of many others, to whom I was, 
through deep fuffering, in fome degree 
qualified to fpeak, even as deep calleth 
unto deep. 

We arrived in England, and came to an 
anchor in Torbay, the 26th of the ifl 
month, 1748, after a paffage of five days. 
The Ihip was bound for Plymouth, but the 
failors who had been prifoners in France, 
being in fear of another confinement by 
being prefled on board of the men of war, 
took the command of her from the captain, 
by fomething, in appearance at leaft, like 
force. He told them he had a fafe pro- 
te6lion from the government, whereby they 
would be fecured from what they feared 
by going to Plymouth. But they did not 
regard that, neither was he, as we thought, 

O averfe 

lOo The JOURNAL of 

averfe to going into Torbay,, as he had the 
failors to lay it on; for we had reafon to 
apprehend he did not keep us waiting in 
Spain fo long for nothing; fo that the Bay 
might fuit his purpofe better alfo. It being 
the I ft day of the week, in the evening, 
when we came to an anchor, Thomas Gaw- 
throp and I had a great mind to go on fliore, 
that we might endeavour to find a meet- 
ing of friends. Next day fome of the com- 
pany ligaifying their intention of goii-g 
about midnight, that being the time when 
I fuppofe the tide woidd ferve beft; we 
therefore requefted they would call us, 
Avhich they did. The fhlp lay a confider- 
able diftance from the town of Bricklham, 
where we intended to land. We had been 
in tlie boat but a little while, when a 
great ftorm of wind and rain beat furioully 
againft us, fo that the men at the oars 
found it hard to keep the boat up againft 
it.. We encouraged them all in our power 
to work for their own lives and ours, let- 
ting them know, if they would bring us 
fafc to land, they fhould be well rewarded 
for their pains. The danger of being dri- 
ven back to fea was very apparent, and I 
believe much feared by all in the boat. 
The poor men exerted their utmoft en- 
deavour, which, through the good provi- 
dence of God, proved fuccefsful in bring- 
ing us fate to land. This I looked upon 
as a merciful prefervation, having feldom, 

- if 



if ever, in the courfe of my life, appre- 
hended greater danger. We were exceed- 
ingly wet with the rain, but having good 
fires made for us, and other neceflary ac- 
commodations, did not fiifFer much there- 
by. By enquiry, we found there was a 
meeting of our friends held near a place 
called Newton-Bufhel, about ten miles ofF, 
to which we went, being truly thankful 
for the great favour of a fafe arrival in Eng- 
land, and the opportunity of fitting down 
in a meeting of friends again; though we 
did hold meetings amongil ourfelves ia 
our captivity, on firfl-days, when it ap- 
peared pradicable. This meeting was but 
fmall, and the life of religion feemed to 
me at a low ebb. I had nothing to deUver 
unto them by way of teflimony. Friends 
were very loving to us. On fecond-day 
we proceeded towards London, as far as 
Exeter, where friends entertained us kindly 
that night. Next day Thomas Gawthrop, 
Ifaac Greenleaf, and myfelf (leaving our 
ancient friend Peter Davis with friends 
there) hired horfes as far as Honiton. 
There I bought a good ferviceable mare, 
that carried me fafe and well through moft 
of my. travels this journey in England and 
Wales. We took Bridgport in our way, 
and lodged with our worthy friend Samuel 
Bownas, who, with his houfe-keeper, en- 
tertained us with affedlionate kindnefs. 
Nov7 did we bea:in to enioy the fweetnefs 


102 The journal of 

of brotherly love again. The quarterly-^ 
meeting for Dorfetiliire was held next day 
at that place, to which we went. It was 
very fmall, and the power of truth wliich 
is the crown of all our religious meetings, as 
I thought was very low therein. We muft 
live in that power at other times, if we ex- 
pect its gracious afTiIlance in tlie weighty 
affairs of the church when met for the ma- 
nagement thereof; for that which is born 
of the flefh is but flefli, and cannot enter 
into the kingdom of God, nor fo much as 
fee it. All is certainly of the flefli that 
hath its principal delight and fatisfadlion in 
fublunary things. So that, although fome 
may maintain the charadler of God's peo- 
ple as to the outward appearance, yet if 
the love of earthly things hath the chief 
room in their hearts, the love of the Father 
is not in them ; and therefore fuch are not 
qualified to do God's work. Church-govern- 
ment, according to the difcipline he in his 
wifdom hath eftablifhed, requires our under- 
flandings to be divinely enlightened to move 
rightly therein; but when any fpeak and 
acft in the fame natural reafon and under- 
flanding whereby they manage their outward 
affairs, which although capable of the one, 
is altogether unfit for the other; for '' the 
world by wifdom knows not God," confe- 
quently thefe are not likely to underfland his 
work ; but in their pretended endeavours to 
promote, they mar it, and frequently darken 



counfel by a multitude of words without 
right knowledge. Inftead of raifmg life in 
a meeting, they bring death and dark'nefs 
over it, to the great pain of the upright- 
hearted, who are not always ready (like thofc. 
above hinted at) but experimentally know- 
ing their fafficiency for every good word 
and work to be of God, they dare not 
move until it pleafe him, by moving upon 
their hearts, to open their underllandings 
and to be a fpirit of judgment unto them : 
in this only, there is binding and loofing, 
remitting and retaining, with divine ap- 
probation; which is livingly known and 
fealed vipon the underftanding of the faith- 
ful, by the holy fpirit of pronaife. Our 
way was quite fhut up as to miniftry or 
other publick fervice in that meeting. After 
which we purfued our journey for London. 
But I found conftant riding very painful, 
not only becaufe I had not rode much 
for a confiderable time, but having, accord- 
ing to the cuftom of America, been ufed 
to an eafy pacer. My mare now being a 
trotter, was hard to bear until 1 was more 
accuftomed thereunto, which then proved 
very agreeable. Our friend John Hunt and 
his wife met us on 7th day at Staines, and 
being in a coach, prevailed on me, as I was 
weary with riding, to go with them there- 
into, and took me to their houfe, where I 
was kindly ea|ertained, not only that time 
€rf my ftay in the cijty, but alfo at divers 


I04 The JOURNAL of 

other times during my travels in this na- 
tion. I continued about two weeks, in the 
city, vifiting meetings as they fell in courfe, 
being moflly low and pretty much difcou- 
ragea in my mind with a deep fenfe of 
mine own weaknefs, the greatnefs of the 
work which was before me, and the mourn- 
ful ftate of the church, as it appeared to 
me, in London. I had but little opcnnefs 
as to miniilry, yet endeavoured to wade 
along as patiently as I could; it appearing 
to be my principal bufinefs then to fuf- 
f-T with the opprefled feed, mourning with 
a fenfible remnant, who I could perceive 
had fackcloch underneath, for the preva- 
lence of worldly wifdom and grandeur in 
that great city ; the little low meek thing, 
which by the power of God was exalted 
amongft us in the early time of our being 
a people, was in too general a way over- 
looked and difregarded ; and man's will and 
wifdom taking its place, was grown very 
high, affumed the government in a large 
degree, where the wifdom of God for- 
merly bore rule. But this did not profper ; 
inflead thereof, greater wafte and defolation 
prevailed. The breathing panting babes 
after heavenly fubftance were greatly dif- 
couraged, being ready to fay. All is gone ! 
The glory is departed from Ifrael ! What 
can be . done now ? But I faw they were to 
be raifed in the Lord's time., as an army to 
fight his battles againil the, uncircumcifed 



in heart and ears ; and that the vidlory 
over that fpirit was to be obtained through 
fafferings. Thus 1 have given a fhort hint 
of the afflicflhig view I had of the ftate of 
our fociety in the city of London; which 
place I ihall leave for the prefent; as I 
ihall, in the courfe of this journal, have 
occafion, divers times, to make fome far- 
ther obfervations thereon, which may tend 
to explain the above. 

I had an ancient mother in Radnorfhire, 
South Wales, whom I had not feen for 
about twenty- two years. I therefore pur- 
pofed taking meetings in my wsy thither, 
and alfo in my return to London yearly- 
meeting. I fet out in order to be at 
Reading quarterly-meeting the i6th of 
the 2d month, which I attended to good 
fatisfaftion. After this meeting I took 
the following in my way, viz. Henley, 
Warborough, Witneyj Gloucefter, and Rofs. 
The Lord being my gracious helper, either 
to do or fuffer, in which I endeavoured to 
be faithful, according to the difcovery I 
received of the divine will. The 26th 
I got to my mother's houfe, having fent a 
meflenger a little before, left a fudden fur- 
prife, although arifing from much joy, 
might prove too great a fhock for my dear 
ancient mother to bear without fome in- 
conveniency. I fuppofe our meeting might 
fomewhat refeipble that of Jacob and his 
fon Jofeph's, It doubtlefs afforded much 


io6 The JOURNAL of 

comfort to my worthy mother, Ihe being 
a valuable religious woman, not only to 
fee me again, but alfo that I was come upon 
a lervice fhe fo greatly loved and valued* 
My honoured father had then been dead 
about three years. I had a brother and 
fider then living with my mother, and 
another fiiRer married, who lived not far 
from her. I ftaid thereabouts fomewhat 
more than two weeks ; in which time I 
had divers very large, and fome very open 
precious meetings; many of other focieties 
flocking to them, who feemed much reach- 
ed by the teflimony of truth. But alas ! 
I found things very low there, as to friends, 
which was caufe of forrow to my mind. 
Wrong things creeping in, and very few 
if any, who had judgment and courage 
enough to deal plainly with diforderly 
walkers. I was at their monthly meet- 
ing, and endeavoured to flir them up to a 
more diligent and zealous exercife of whole- 
fome difcipline ; but they appeared weak. 
On 2d day, the i6th of the 3d month, 
I took leave of my dear mother, brother, and 
fifters, and fet out in order to be at the 
yearly-meeting in London, Edward Jones 
bearing me company. I took the follow- 
ing meetings in my way, viz. Ammelly, 
Leominfler, a quarterly held at Broomfgrove, 
Worcefter, Evefliam, Shipfton ; on firlt-day 
had two meetings, at Lonycompton in the 
niorning and Ghippingngrcon in the after- 
noon ; 


Boon ; then to High Wickham, Chefham, 
and Uxbridge. I had divers open fatisfac- 
tOYj meetings, and fome very tx^ying an4 
afflidting. The Lord was pleafed to be my 
help and fupport, to whom be humble 
thankfgivings for his gracious condelcen- 
lion to the low eftate of his poor fervants. 

I got to London on the yth day of the 
week, and the day following attended Grace- 
church- ftreet and Devonfliire-Houfe meet- 
ings ; but I had very little opennefs there- 
in. My fpirit was very .low and greatly 
depreffed, fo that I feemed to myfelf near 
fainting under the weight of my burden, 
which was very great. On 2d day the 
yearly-meeting began. The firft was a 
meeting of miniders and elders in the morn- 
ing. Many brethren were met from divert 
parts of the nation. Amongft whom, I 
looked upon myfelf as a mere child, hav- 
ing much fear and reafoning in my niind 
left I fliould difconour the great mafter's 
caufe, and difcover my great weaknefs (as 
the fame appeared in my own view) to 
thofe pillars in the church and experien- 
ced fervants in the Lord's work. But he in 
great mercy condeicended to my very low 
jeftate, and regarded m^y humble breathings, 
giving me the w^ord of life to preach with 
demonftration that day, which much opened 
my way in the minds of friends, and was 
of conhderable advantage to me in my fu- 
tpxe fervice; for very much depends on our 

P having 

fo8 The JOURNAL of 

having good place in the hearts of the faith^ 
fill, and that cannot well be until they know 
lis. Chriftian prudence teacheth not to 
lay hands fuddenly on any; therefore fuch 
mud fee and feel the fpirits one of another, 
in fome degree, before they can unite. Was 
there not great care and caution in this re- 
fpedl, grois hypocrify, by putting on the out- 
ward appearance, might be encouraged, 
which w^ould be a very grievous wound to 
God's caufe ? Many friends after this meet- 
ing fliewcvl afFe(5tionate regard to me; but 
none more than that fubftantial minifter of 
the gofpel Samuel Bownas. It had a pro- 
per eftecl upon my mind, to ftrengthen it, 
and raife humble acknowledgements to the 
Lord for his mercy herein. It being my 
fervent prayer, that whatever I might go 
through on account of the unfaithful, my 
fervice and labours might be acceptable to 
the famts, and that 1 might be favoured 
with a fenfe of the unity and help of their 
fpirits accompanying me therein. I at- 
tended the yearly-meeting conftantly, both 
the meetings for worfhip and difcipline 
as they fell in courfe. The power and 
virtue of truth was near, to the flrengthen- 
ing and comforting our fpirits in a good 
degree: but I have known a much fuller 
enjoyment and overfliadowing thereof, even 
wlien all the hills and mountains have been 
melted as it were, before him who is 
glorious ia holinefs, and fearful in praile, 



working wonders for the help and prefer- 
vation of his people. O then we could ex- 
perhnentally fay, the Lord of awful majefty 
prefideth amongll us, being a fpirit of 
judgment to them that fit in judgment, and 
all we ftand in need of; even as a place of 
broad rivers and llreams, where nothing 
of man's invention could obtain any place ! 
Thefe were times of rejoicing in the pre- 
fence of the Lord, and drinking freely df 
the wine and milk, without money and 
witiiout price. O how hath my foul faid, 
it is good to be here! Having a defire, with 
Peter, to tabernacle there; much dreading 
to defcend into this vale of tears again, 
where I mud ftruggle with my many in- 
firmities, which I did not then much feel : 
but I do not inftance this with defign to 
jaftify thofe anxious fears and taking 
thought for the time to come; but rather 
as a mark of my great weaknefs and want 
of growth in the molt precious faith, which 
is the faints vicfhory, whereby, as we grow 
therein^ ftrength and patience is received, 
to endure hardnefs as good fbldiers of Jefus 
Ghrift; not viewing with much anxious 
fear thefe light affli6lions, which are but 
for a moment ; feeing, in due time, if we 
are properly exercifed thereby, they will 
w^ork for \\s a far more exceeding' and eter- 
nal weight of glory. 

On the fixth-day of the next week after 
the yearly-meeting, I fet out in' order to 


no The JdUilNxlL of 

be at the three eaftern yearly-meetings, being 
accompanied by my friends John Hunt and 
his wife, and Chriftopher Wilfon who was 
to be my companion. We lodged that 
night at E» eritwood ; next morning early 
we pafTed on to Chelmsford, (the weather 
being extremely hot,) and breakfailed at my 
dear friend Frances Wyatt's, who after- 
wards^ through the kind providence of 
God, became my truly affedionate wife. 
Divers friends went forward towards Col- 
chefter, but my companion and I ftaid at 
Chelmsford meetings on firil-day. The 
weather continuing very hot, I think then 
feqiial in heat to our weather in America, 
there arofe a ftorm bf thunder and rain in 
the time of the meeting : one clap of thun- 
der, whilft 1 was upon my feet, io terrified 
friends as to take awav their attention for 
the prefent, and I expelled to have been 
obliged to fit down ; but waiting a fhort 
time, friends recovered, and 1 went on. A 
boy was killed thereby, as he was playing 
near Springfield fteeple-houfe, about a mile 
from Chelmsford, We went after meeting 
to Kelvedon, and ne^^t uioraing were ac^ 
companied by feveral friends towards Col- 
cheiler; but 1 was fo extremely ill of a 
fever, that I was obliged to alight at Lexr 
ton,^' about a mile from the fliid place. We 
piounted our horfes again after 1 had re- 
covered a little; but before we had pro- 
ceeded on the way above half a mUe^ tiiere 



came on fuch terrible thunder, as is feldom 
known in this part of the world. The 
lightning appeared to glide in llrQ.ams of 
fire on the furfiice of the earth a confidera- 
ble way, and there feemed, as I thouglitj 
a ftrong fmell of fulphur. The thunder 
frighted my mare to fuch a degree, that I 
being poorly, could fcarcely fit her; but 
through mercy I received no hurt. I con^ 
tinned ill at Colchefler, fo that I did not 
attend many of the meetings. The yearly- 
meeting ended there on fourth- day. On the 
fixth-day following^ I was i'o recovered as 
to ride in a chaife to Maningcree, and had 
a meeting there the fame day. On feventh- 
day w^e went through IplWich to Wood- 
bridge, in order to attend the yearly and 
quarterly meetings there for the county of 
Suffolk. We were at their meethig on 
firft-day ; on fecond-day was held their 
liieeting for difcipline, wherein the power 
and virtue of truth feemed to me low and 
deprefTed ; and, although 1 v/as fully per- 
fuaded there were divers living, concerned 
members therein^ who had the caufe of 
truth at heart, yet they appeared alfo de- 
prefTed. The chief reafon whereof 1 then ap- 
prehended and have more clearly feen fince, 
was giving too- much place to a.few bufy 
forward members, in w^hom man's will and 
wifdom was too much exalted, who afTumed 
the rule and government of that meeting; 
which they were too much indulged in 


ri2 The JOURNAL of 

by the cowardice of thofe whofe proper 
bufinefs it was to work for God; that by 
his bleffing and alTiilance, they might exalt 
the weight and authority of truth over 
fuch fpirits. For the dominion and ma- 
jefty of truth in a meeting foon foils and 
overcomes them, as it is abode in by the 
heirs thereof; but if they are Hack and 
negligent in poffelling their right, vifur- 
pers will often take"" it from them, in this 
ieiik. So that fuch who are called to work 
for God in his church, by holding back more 
than is meet, not only bring poverty and 
leannefs upon their own foiils thereby, but 
alfo open a door for the fpirit of anvi- 
chrift to enter in. I have often feen, tiiat 
when the wife woman negleds to build tL. 
houfe, the foolifli woman, by prccendii*g 
to build, hath pulled it down wall her 
own hands: this hath been no fmail cauie 
of the wafte and defolation in fome places. 
I have had much labour with that bufy 
acflive forward fpirit fmce, both in meet- 
ings and in private plain-dealing, as alfo 
in ftirring up and encouraging the right 
minded to (land their ground; which 1 hope 
hath not been altogether without fome good 
effedl. I could not well be eafy to proceed 
without making the above remarks, as a 
caution to fuch into whofe hands this may 
come, lince it is no finall thing to be 
guilty of negligence in the work of God, 
nor to engage therein without a proper qua- 


lification. Meetings for worfhip were held 
on t:\irvl and fourth days, wherein we were 
fa.voured with a good degree of that hea- 
venly virtue, in which there is renewal of 
ftrength and comfortable fellowfiiip one 
with another. From thence we proceeded 
tovv^ards Norwich, taking Brandifton and 
J.aylton meetings in our way; where true 

■igion appeared to be mournfully lov/. 

Norwich we were favoured with.con- 

:jrable opennefs and fatisfadlion in their 

cetings on iirft-day. The quarterly, and 
^ early mf^edngs for the county of Norfolk 
were Jield on fecond, third, and fourth 
d.iys. Divine goodnefs was felt afiiiling m 
clofc exercife and labour, for the help and 
recovery of a declined people; and heavenly 
fellowfhiip Iweetiy enjoyed with thofe who 
preferred the profpcrity of the city of God 
to their chlefeft joy. On fifth day we had 
a meeting at Wymondham, wherein we 
were opeiicd in gofpei iervice, to our com- 
fort and relief in k good degree. Next day 
we had a meeting at Taiborough, which 
was a very painful trying time; mv duty 
therein was to fet an example of filence. 
Here my agreeable companion and I parted. 
He had been wich me ever fince I left 
London, i was now alone, as to any con- 
ftant companion, and on the firlt-day fol- 
lowing attended Norwich meeting to pretty 
good latisfa6lion ; and had . the following 
meetings appointed in my way to Lynn 


114 The JOURNAL of 

VIZ. Lammas, North Walfam, Holt, and 
Wells; in nioit of which I had clofe 
laborious fervice: being led, as v/as often 
my lot, to ftir up and awaken (if pof- 
fible) carelefs lukewarm profefTors. Our 
friend Edmund Peckover accompanied me 
to Lynn, where we had two meetings on 
firft day; they proved very painful and 
laborious: I had very little opennefs as to 
miniftry. From thence we went to Wif^ 
beach, which was a fmall meeting, and 
things appeared very low. The next meet- 
ing we had was at Gedney, things being alfb 
very low. From thence we went to Spald- 
ing, and had a heavy la-borious meeting: 
Jiere my friend Edmund Peckover left me 
•and returned home. The fame day was a 
confiderable ecUpfe of the fun. The next 
meeting I had was at Broughton, which 
was very painful and affli(5ling. The great 
lofs fome in that part of LincolniTiire 
(through which I paflTed) have fuftained," by 
forfaking the fountain of living water and 
the commonwealth of our Ifrael, that they 
might embrace this prefent world, Demas- 
like, was forrov/fully felt: although fome 
of them might retain the outward form, 
yet having loft the dew of their youth, they 
were become dry and formal: by whofe 
means, and the undue liberties indulged in 
too many of the youth, a thick darknefs 
was raifed that might be felt; which did^ 
in a forrowful degree, tend to eclipfe the 


jonu Griffith:, u^ 

beauty of our Si on. I travelled from thence 
through Newark, and a confiderable way 
by the pleafant river Trent, to Nottingham. 
Being firil-day, I was at the meetings there 
both fore and afternoon* Truth greatly 
favoured in opening dodlrine and counfel 
in the morning; the afternoon not quitd 
fo open, but in a good degree to fiitisfaction* 
From thence to Oxon meeting, which was 
fmall yet open. From thence to Manf^ 
field, and had a painful trying meeting 
there. The next was at Cheilerfield^ where 
the meeting was but fmall, yet truth livingly 
favoured, opening counfel tor our help and 
Encouragement in the way of well doing. 
^Notice being previouily given, I had a large 
meeting at Matlock on firft-day. There 
were a few friends, and many others at this 
meeting, which proved heavy and laborious 
for fome time; yet divine goodnefs afforded 
ability to work through, and the holy 
power of God was in a good degree exalted; 
praifes to his name for ever! The next 
meeting I had was at Hanfworthwood- 
Houfe on the borders of Yorkihi; e. Ihere 
were but few friends, and of thofe few, 
moft of them feemed to depend too mach, 
upon the labour of the min-flers, as is 
forrowfully the cafe in too many other 
places. I had nothing to adminiiler unto 
them but an exam.ple of filence, that ap^ 
fearing beil adapted to their dates ; for 
tmlefs the great benefit thereof is experien* 

ii6 The JOURNAL oi 

ced, there can be no real advancement in 
true religion. I went from thence to Shef- 
field, which was a large meeting, and the 
do6lrine of truth was largely and livingly 
opened therein; I believe to general fatis- 
faclion, and to the comfort of the upright- 
hearted. From thence I went to Highflats, 
and was at their meeting on firft-day, 
Tv^hich vv^is very large; being compofed of 
plain country friends. The Lord was plea- 
fed to fevour us with a precious oppor- 
tunity together, in the comfortable enjoy- 
ment of his love flied abroad; under which 
holy influence, the doctrine of truth was 
largely opened; the glorious powerful name 
of the Lord was magnified, and his hum- 
ble, dependant children were encouraged 
to ferve him with a perfe6l heart and with 
a willing mind. The next meeting I had 
was at Brighoufe, which was to pretty good 
fatis faction ; truth owning and comforting 
our fpirits therein. Next day I had a very 
painful afflicT:ing meeting at Halifax, hav- 
ing reafon to fear but few of the members 
were rightly acquainted with the quickening 
virtue of true religion in themfelves : 
when this is the forrowful cafe, it makes 
heavy work for painful travellers. My la- 
bour amonglt them was in a clofe roufing 
way, but it did not appear to have much 
impreffion. From thence to Gilderfome, 
where I had a pretty open comfortable 
meeting; and next day one at Leeds to 



fatlsfaclion. This being a large meetings 
I ftaid over firft-day, and am purfuaded 
there was a fenfible weighty body of 
friends belonging thereunto ; yet there 
feemed to me a much larger, as to num- 
ber, who contented themfelves in the pro- 
feffion of truth, and in hearing the report 
of others concerning the heavenly coun- 
try. The indifference of thefe, together 
with their eagernefs after words, appeared 
to me a caufe of painful anxiety of fpirit 
in that meeting, which I liad to faffer 
under both morning and afternoon. Here 
my friends John Hunt and his wife from 
London met me, with intent to accom- 
pany me to fome meetings in that county, 
of which I was glad, being alone, often 
low and much difcouraged in mind, in a 
deep feeling of mine own weaknefs ; as alfo 
having to wade from place to place, in a 
painful fenfe of a greatly declined people 
whom I was concerned to labour amongft ; 
fo that, had not divine goodnefs at times 
m.ade me fenfible his everlafting arm was 
underneath, to fupport my afflicted foul 
in various probations, I had certainly faint- 
ed. But, bleffed be his holy name forever,. 
he w^as often gracioufly pleafed to open a 
way for me to hold on, when I couid fee 
none, leading me by the hand like a tender 
merciful fathef, one flcp after another; 
and giving me more place in the love and 
. regard of his people than I looked for, or 


xi8 The JOURNAI of 

could, as I thought, reafonably expect, t 
was many times greatly abaled in mine own 
fight; ready to fay, to what good purpofe. 
do i vifir the churches? for 1 icem to move 
in an untrodden path, as under the weight 
of the hills and mountains of exalted nn- 
fruitiulneis 5 and often, as it were, groping 
in the chambers of death, with fuch con- 
ftant afiiidling views, that I was ready to 
fay With the prophet, *' 1 am a man of un- 
*^ clean lips, and I dwell amongil a people of 
*' unclean lips;" but the live coal from the 
holy altar, loon removes all that tincSure 
or feeming defilement^ which doth not 
proceed from our own fins and mifcarriages, 
but trom thofe of others. Thou deep wader 
for the good of fouls, this is wrote prin- 
cipally for thy ^ fake, that thou mayft fee 
others have gone the fame way before thee, 
and be encoiiragcd fo as not to fink under 
tliy burden* i found in the Lord's time 
(as thou wilt, if thou patiently holds on 
thy way) that tribulation v/orketh patience, 
and patience experience, and experience 
hope. The Lorcl gave me thereby clearly 
to fee, I mull thus feel the wounds, bruifes^ 
^nd putrifying fores of the fons and daugh- 
ters of Sion, or 1 could not fpeak to their 
ftates and conditions feelingly and effec- 
tually for their help and recovery. Our 
Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrifi: was touched 
with a feeling of our infirmities. He bore 
the weight and painful fer^fe of the fins 



of the whole world, tafling death for every 
man; whereby he reached forth a merci-* 
ful hand of help and lalvation for the re- 
covery of all, fufficient for all who be* 
lieve in hiin and obey him; and his faith- 
ful meifengers mull know, in degree, a 
drinking of the fame cup, and being bap- 
tized with the fame baptifm he was bap- 
tized with, not only on their own accounts, 
but alfo on the account of others. He 
ftill fuifers by his fpirit, as under the 
weight and opprefTion of (in and iniquity, 
in the hearts of the children of men; fo 
that all thofe who are one in fpirit with 
him, muft in meafure feel his fufferings, 
and fympathize with him therein; travel- 
ling in pain, that Chrift may be formed in 
the hearts of mankind, ruling in his king- 
dom on earth, as he rules in heaven. 
But thefe things are too myflerious for the 
wife and prudent of this world to under- 
ftand, being only revealed to thofe who 
^re indeed born of God. 

We (laid at Leeds until fifth-day, there 
being a burial, attended by a large numbei? 
of friends and others. Truth opened our way 
in the miniftry to good fatisfaftion. Next 
day we had a fmall meeting at Knaref- 
borough, where we found things very low. 
From thence we went to Thirfk) and on 
firll-day had a precious open meeting there, 
in which the teilimony of truth was greatly 
€3U\lted| and tjie upright-hearted Iweetly 


120 The journal of 

comforted. The praife of all belongs to 
the giver of every good and perfect gift. 
Next day we went to vifit our ancient 
honourable friend John Richardfon, at his 
houfe near Hutton in the Hole. He had 
fcarcely fight enough to diftinguifti us one 
from the other. We we-re received and 
entertained by him with true love and bro- 
therly affedlion. He was much at liberty 
in his fpirit, and very free in difcourfe 
about religious things, in which his life and 
great delight appeared to be. He fliewed 
us (in manufcript) a journal of his life 
and travels in the fervice of the gofpel, 
fince publifhed, wherein are many very 
ufefvil obfervations and remarkable occur- 
rences, which I hope will be of great fer- 
vice in the world. On third-day we had 
a meeting at Hutton, wherein we were fa- 
voured with fome degree of opennefs; yet 
truth did not raife to any confiderable de- 
gree of dominion: but all is beft as the 
Lord is pleafed to order, for from him alone 
proceed the ifTues of life. On fourth- 
day morning we took leave of our faid 
worthy friend in much afFedtion, and had 
a fmall meeting at Bilfdale: things were 
low as to the life of religion in that 
meeting ; after which I parted with my 
friends John Hunt and his wife. John 
Scot of Leeds continued with me, who 
was an honeft labourer for the arifing of 
life in meetings, and I thought of conli- 



derable help to me. The next meeting, we 
had was at North Allerton ; which was ra- 
ther low and heavy to wade through. We 
went from thence to Darlington in the 
county of Durham. I had clofe painful 
labour there; earthly-mindednefs in pro- 
felfors is often the caufe of fuch hard 
work, as it obltrucls the current of life, 
both in themfelves and alfo frequently in 
our religious meetings, like the Philiitines 
flopping up the wells which the true, feed 
hath opened in the hearts of believers ; 
fo that many times, inftead of their having 
to iing, Spring up, O well, and Vv^e will fing 
unto the€l there is mourning and painful 
labour in fympathy therewith, to have them 
opened again, that the flock of Ghrift's fold 
may all be watered with the refrefliing 
ftreams of that river which iflows from the 
prefence of God. The next meeting I 
went to was Raby, being on a firfl-day ; it 
was a large heavenly meeting, truth having 
great dominion, and friends were fweetlj 
comforted together. At Bifliop Auckland, 
the Lord favoured v/ith matter and utter- 
ance to a coniiderable degree of eafe and 
fiitisfaftion. From thence I went to the 
city of Durham, and had a hard painful 
meeting in lilence; alfo at Newcaftie we 
had a clofe, trying, laborious meeting; 
occafioned, as I apprehended, by undue 
liberties in thinking and ading, which had 
I'aifed darknefs to be felt in that meet- 

!2i The J O U R K A L of 

ing. We had an open comfortable meeting 
the next day at Shields. We went to 
Sunderland, and attended their meetings oii 
firft-day; that in the morning was very- 
open and fatisfaclory, the tellimoiiy of 
truth going forth freely to the feveral ftates 
of thofe prefent, who were much affeded 
therewith. In the afternoon it was a heavy 
affli (Sling meeting ; but little felt of that 
which crowned the meeting in the morn- 
ing. We often find afternoon meetings are 
the mod heavy and painful, occalioned, no 
doubt (in part at lead) by anfwering the 
cravings of nature to the full; whereas they 
Ihould be denied a full gratification, as 
little fullenance w^ould, for that lliorc fpace 
of time, anfwer much better, and be no 
injury to the conftitution. If any think this 
hint, by way of caution, impertinent, there 
is reafon to doubt, that they are yet too 
much ftrangers to the nature of true wor- 
ihip and the many impediments in the way 
of its due performance; what I have above- 
mentioned is none of the leaft. I was 
quite ftiut np as to miniftry in the after- 
noon. Here I met my valuable friends 
Jonathan and Margaret Raine of Trawden 
m Lancalhire, being the firft time 1 faw 
them; concerning whom, more hereafter. 
On fecond-day we had another meeting in 
the city of Durham, wherein the Lord was 
gracioufly pleafed to exalt his glorious and 
-powerful name over all diforderly and cor- 


rupt libertine fpirits ; there being fome 
fuch in the meeting, which was evident to 
me, from the main fcope of the teftimony 
I had to deUver amongft them. It was with 
remarkable authority and fharpnefs agai.ift 
fuch, who having departed from the divine 
light, wherewith all mankind are enlight- 
ened, choofing rather to be in darknefs, 
were fo loll in a maze of error, as even 
to call in queftion the truths of the Chrif- 
tian religion. I was afterwards informed 
that there Vv'ere fome fuch in that meeting 
■who had imbibed the dark and wicked 
principle of deifm, or free-thinking, fo cal-^ 
led; but I had no outward information 
Goneerning the ftate of any there before the 
meeting, v/hich I always carefully fhunned. 
The next meeting I had was ac Stockton, 
to pretty good fatisfadlion, as truth opened 
my way to difcharge the fervice required |, 
yet the meeting was fmall, and things ap- 
peared low, as to the life of religion. I 
went from thence to Yarum in Yorkihire ; 
had a meeting there, and at Yatten, and 
Moorfiiam, to a.^.ood degree of fatisfadlion. 
The next met^ting I had was at Caftleton, 
The two laft ^ named- were on the Moors, 
amongft a very j>lain people, v/ho appeared 
to be in a low llation of^ life, but I found 
the favour and virtue of truth amongft them, 
efpecially at the latter; to which that fnb- 
flantial miniiler of the gofpel Luke Cock, 
did in his life-time belong; the remeiri- 

II branc^ 

124 The JOURNAL of 

braiice of whom, although I never perfon- 
nally knew him, was very freih and living- 
ly before me in that meeting, as if his fpirit 
had been prefent ; I could, as I thought, 
perceive the good effecls of that worthy 
mian's Chriilian labours amongft thofe peo- 
ple; and a precious meeting the Lord 
favoured us with together: to whom, for 
the multitude of his mercies beftowed upon 
"us, poor unworthy helplefs creatures, be 
humble thankfgiving and praife, now and 
for evermore. Whitby was the next meet- 
ing I attended, being on firft-day, where 
I had very clofe laborious work. An earth- 
ly lofty fpirit had taken too much place in 
lome of the profeifors ; the tendency where- 
of is, by darkening the underftanding, and 
blinding the judgment, to account various 
weighty branches of our Chriilian teftimony 
fmall trifling things. Here the flefh, |:hat 
warreth againft the fpirit, having the af- 
cendency, its language is quite oppofite 
thereunto. The flefli iaith, there is little in 
drefs ; religion doth not confifl in apparel ; 
there is little in language ; there is little in 
paying tythes &c. to the prlefls; there is 
little in carrying guns in our fliips, to de- 
fend ourfelves in cafe we are attacked by 
an enemy. To which, I think, it may be 
fafely added, there is little or nothing in 
people, who plead as above hinted, pretend- 
ing to be of our fociety ; for if they can 
eahly let fall the before-mentioned branches 



of our Chriftian teftimony, I am fully per- 
fuaded, they will maintain the others no 
longer than they apprehend it will fuit 
witii their temporal intereft. I have often 
wondered why fuch continue to profefs 
with us at all. They are not really of uiS 
who are not concerned to maintain tiioie 
principles and tellimonies the I-ord hath 
given us to bear. I was, through mercv, 
enabled to difcharge the lervice required of 
me, and went from thence to Scarborough, 
where the Lord, in gracious condefcenfion, 
was pleafed to open dodlrine and couniel 
for their help ; who appeared to me moltly 
low and weak, as to a real gruwdi in true 
religion. From thence I went to Picker- 
ing, where the Lord gave us a very precious 
opportunity together, in the comfortable 
enjoyment of his power and refrefhii-g 
prelence; t5 the exaltation and renown of 
his great name, who is worthy for ever. 
Next day I had a meeting at Malton, being 
a clofe fearching time; truth leemed at a 
low ebb there. The next meeting at 
Cranfick was very fmall, but the Lord 
was pleafed to own and comfort us toge- 
ther, affording counfel for their help and 
encouragement. I went from thence to 
Bridlington, and was at their meeting on 
firft-day ; it was fmall, and things very low 
amongft them, as to the life of religion. 
Oh how greatly is that, and many other 
meetings decliued, both a^ to number and 

a hvely 

126 Thl journal or 

a lively experience of true religion: fome 
friends informed me, as I remember, that 
they knew the time, when fourteen or fif- 
teen miniftering friends belonged to that 
m:eting; and now perliaps, not a much 
greater number of members of all forts, 
belong to iti Once there was a wonderful 
time of gathering into the vineyard of 
Chrift; but fince, with forrow and lamen- 
tation it may be faid, there has been a lofing, 
fcattering, and dwindling away in many 
places ; the principal occafion v/hereof 
feems to have been^ ail inordinate love for 
tranfitory enjoyments, lawful in themfelves 
and places, but not to have the chief polP- 
felTion of the mind. When that becomes 
the forrowful ftate of any, they cannot 
favour the things that be of God, but the 
things which be of men ; and are of confe-^ 
quence deprived of that all-iuificient help, 
fo to live and walk, as to anfwer the wit- 
nefs of God in others; to train up their chil- 
dren in the nurture and admonition of the 
Lord ; and to maintain the teflimonies of 
truth with a convincing ftrength and efficacy. 
80 that although the form is. retained in a 
confiderable degree by fuch, and they m.ay 
alio be fortified with arguments, to main- 
tain the confiftency of our profeflion with 
the prhnitive plan laid down in holy wnt^ 
yet, ^Yanting the fait of tlie kingdom in 
themfelves, all their prctenfions without it 
■will prove nothing; yea, worfe than no- 


thing; feeing, by how much more they 
have had the opportunity of knowing more 
than others, by fo much their condemnation 
will be greater. Next day we had a (mall 
meeting at Hornfey, and from thence went 
to Ouflwick, and had a large meeting, 
wherein truth favoured in opening dodlrine 
largely, and to a confiderable degree of 
fatisfaclion. The next meeting we had 
was at Hull, which was indeed a very pain- 
ful exercifing time of filence, in a mournful 
fenfe of great declenfion. We find it re- 
corded in the holy fcriptures, that we muft 
enter the kingdom of heaven through many 
tribulations. It is indeed a very wonderful 
mercy, that fuch unworthy creatures as we 
are ihould be fo highly favoured,' as to 
be admitted thereinto on any terms. I have 
confidered, that our afflidions in this day, 
both in the rnanner and caufe, differ much 
from the trials of our worthy predeceifors. 
Their bodies were, frequently imprifoned, 
and grofsb/ abufed by people of different 
religious perfaafion^s; but our fpirits, when 
engaged in the work of the gofpel, are often 
imprifoned, depreffed, and greatly afflidledj 
by means of the great unfalthfulnefs of 
many under the fame profeihon with our- 
felves; being at times, on account of fuch, 
fo clofed up in a painful fenfe of death and 
darknefs^ as to be fomewhat like the pro- 
phet of old, quite fhut up and dumb with 
filence. This may he occafioned by fuch, 


123 The JOURNAL on 

who are fo far alienated from the fenfible 
reaches of that meafure of grace in their 
own minds, as not to be opened thereby to 
receive the word preached to advantage ; 
(for the word goeth not forth in vain; but 
will accomplifh that for which it is fent;) 
antl it may alio be neceHary, on account of 
thofe who have often been comfortably re- 
freflied by fitting under a living miniftry, 
yet negle6ling their own duty in a fpiritual 
labour for heavenly bread, look too 
m.uch for food from the labour of others : 
which unjuftifiable depend an ce and expec- 
tation, is often difappointed and mortilied. 
The main de(iga of gofpel miniftry, is to 
turn the children of men to the grace of 
God in themfelves, which will teach them 
to work oat their ov/n falvation, and dili- 
gently to feek the Lord for themfelves, in 
whom, their ftrength being renewed, their- 
fpirits. would unite, and greatly help and 
relieve the minilters in their gofpel-laboars. 
From Hull I went to North Cave, where 
I had an open comfortable meeting. Thence 
to Hovvden, where the meeting was fmall 
and things very low; it was held in iilence. 
I went next to Selby, and attended their 
meetings on firiVday. I had ibme llrengrh 
and o-pennefs for fervice in the morning; in 
the afternoon I had to lit in Iilence ; I could 
find but very little of the life of religion there. 
Next day I had an open comfortable meeting 
at Rawcliif; thence at Pontefract, where 
c ' things 


things were low and painful. Tlie next meet- 
ing was a fmall one at Wakefield, wherein I 
was quite clofed up in filence; the ftate of 
tlie meeting, as I apprehended, requiring 
it. I went from thence to Leeds, and 
next day to the houfe of my eileemed 
friend William Hird, intending for Brad- 
ford monthly meeting, which was held on 
fixth-day, wherein I had thorough fervice, 
and the bleiled truth had great dominion, 
to the joy and comfort of many hearts, I 
returned to Leeds, and attended their meet- 
ings on firft-day. They were low and 
rather painful; my fervice therein was in 
a clofe fearching way ; but thofe who are 
at eafe in Zion like fmooth things beft, and 
are almoft ready to fay now, as fome did 
formerly to the feers, fee not, and to the 
prophets, prophefy unto us fmooth things. 
I went from Leeds to the quarterly- meet- 
ing at York, wherein I had confiderable 
opennefs in fervice; yet my fpirit was in- 
wardly and fecretly pained moil of the 
time; the caufe whereof, as I apprehended, 
was the numbnefs and earthly-mindednefs 
of many members of that very large alfem- 
bly; in which there were, notwithftand- 
ing, a wife lively fubftantial body of friends ; 
which, by account, hath continued in a fuc- 
ceffion from the early times of our fociety. 
When this meeting was over, I fet out, 
in company with feveral friends in their 
way home, in order to vifit fome meetings 



in the Dales, on my way to Kendal quar- 
terly-meeting; John Scott being alfo with 
me. The firft meeting we had was at Bane- 
bridge in Wenfley Dale, which was large, 
behig on a firft-day. It was a very clofe 
trying laborious meeting. I had very little 
to fay by way of miniftry, but fuffered deep- 
ly in fpirit, under a forrowful ieiiih of car- 
lialily prevailing. Next day I had a very 
comfortable reviving meeting amongft a 
few plain friends in Grifdale. After which 
I went home with that plain faithful minif- 
ter of the gofpel Alice Thiftlethwaite, who 
had borne me company from York, to her 
houfe in Dent Dale, where we had a meet- 
ing nexc day, which I hope was in a good 
degree ferviceable, although things were 
but low. After this we went to the 
houfe of that worthy elder and minifter of 
the gofpel James Wilfon, near Brigflats, 
where, next day, the Lord was pleaied to 
favour us with a powerful glorious meet^ 
ing; fo that we could thankfully witnefs 
truth was over all. Such thorovigh open 
meetings, but feldom fall to our lot in this 
declined flate of things. Yet the Lord is 
all-fufficient for the help and fupport of 
his faithful fervants, in all times and dif- 
penfations of his providence to mankind; 
fo that we not only can fay, fufficient to 
the day is the evil thereof; but alfo, fuf- 
j&cient to the day is the ftrength and wif- 
dom afforded for our affiftance in the 



Lord's work. Next day I went to Ken- 
dal, being accompanied by the before- 
mentioned worthy friend, who entertained 
me on the road with divers very pleafing 
accounts concerning the fpreading of truth 
in thoie parts, and the wonderful convince- 
ments thereabouts, by that memorable fer- 
vant of the Lord George Fox, which the 
faid friend had heard related by eye-wit- 
nefles, who were themfelves convinced at 
that time; this made the journey exceed- 
ing pleafant to me, nothing difagreeable 
therein, but its being too foon over, as that 
put an end to this delightful converfation. 

There appeared to me a valuable body of 
friends in and about Kendal yet left, al- 
though divers in that town had been remo- 
ved by death but a little time before; the 
lofs of whom was much lamented by the 
furvivors, as they had been ufeful mem- 
bers in their day. It alfo appeared that 
good order was well maintained, and that 
excellent difcipline eftabliilied amongft us 
in the wifdom of truth, feemed to be as 
duly put in pra6tice, as in moil places 
I have obferved amongft friends ; yet my 
way was much clofed up in fufFering, du- 
ring the quarterly-meeting: I ftaid their 
meetings on firft-day, and was largely open- 
ed in the morning, truth having great do- 
minion ; but in the afternoon was Ihut up 
in filence. On third-day, being Winder- 
mere general meeting, I wcAt to it; truth 
i S greatlj'- 

1^2 The JOURNAL of 

greatly overfliadowed that large aflembly^ 
and the teftimony thereof was much exalted, 
to the edification and fweet refrefhment of 
the upright in heart, as well as deeply 
affedling the minds of many, I hope to their 
kiting advantage, who had. taken more 
liberty than truth allows of. Next day I had 
a fmall meeting at Grayrig, v/here things 
were low. At Preilon the Lord was plealed 
to favour us with an open comfortable 
meeting, and truth's tefthnony was exalted. 
After which I went to Kendal, and had a 
very comfortable meeting amongft friends 
there. From thence 1 went to Swarthmoor, 
and was at their meeting on a firft-day, in 
a meeting-houfe built near the hall, by 
George Fox ; I could not difcover much, 
lively fenfe of true religion there, it being 
a time of painful fuffering filence. From 
thence to the Flight meeting, which was 
to pretty good fatisfacflion ; and thence to 
Hawkfliead; the meeting there was low and 
afflicting. My principal fervice was to give 
an example of filence, which frequently 
fell to my lot; the Lord favouring with 
refignation to his divine will. Next day I 
had a. fmall open fatisfadlory meeting at 
Kefwick; and went to Ifel meeting; but had 
nothing to deliver by way of teftimony, 
being wholly fhut up. From thence to 
Pardlhaw, which, I think, is the largeft 
country meeting in England, and friends 
there generally made a plain becoming ap» 



pearance, much refembling many meetings 
in Pennfylvania, both for largenefs and other- 
wife; the view whereof give me lingular 
pleafure, and abundantly the more, a:& the 
great mailer of our affemhlies was gracioudy 
pleafed to honour and comfort us with his 
living prefence, in which there is fulnefs of 
joy : matter and utterance was given by him 
to a difcharge of duty, m which there was 
peace. I had an open fatisfac^ory meeting 
in the evening, at my friend and old com- 
panion Chriftopher Wilfon's. Next day I 
had a meeting at Whitehaven. Thence to 
Broughton, where I had a meeting. I en- 
deavoured to lean upon the Lord alone, for 
guidance in my fervice, and by him was 
frequently much opened, in the ftates of 
meetings and individuals prefent. The next 
meeting was at Gockermouth, which was to 
a good degree of fatisfadlion. Thence to 
Allonby, where truth favoured with a good 
degree of opennefs and peace. From thence 
I went to Holme, a meeting remarkable for 
having been, I fuppofe, more than fixty 
years interrupted, and grievouily diilurbed 
by a wicked unruly company of ranters* 
It began in fome of the Pearfons, and when 
they were removed, others fucceeded in 
the fame fpirit. Some of them were at the 
meeting when I was there. A woman of 
the party fpoke feveral times in fuch ran- 
cour, that I do not remember ever to have 
taken notice of a voice fo much tindlured 


134 The JOURNAL of 

•with a dark diabolical fpirit ; but friends, 
in the blelFed enjoyment of the powerful 
truth, were quite over it and them, and I 
believe, had therein been in a good degree 
preserved ; as that meeting appeared to me 
the livelieft of any thereabouts, having, as 
I remember, five or fix public friends 
belonging thereunto. The next meeting I 
had w^as a fmall one at Bolton ; truth fa- 
voured with a comfortable degree of open- 
nefs therein. Thence I went to Wigton, 
a. id attended both their meetings on firft- 
day; it was an exceeding painful exertifing 
time* My mouth was, as it were, clofed 
up in mournful filence, yet not without 
a pretty clear view and fenfe of the forrow- 
ful ftates of thofe amongfl them who had 
been the principal caufe of the death and 
mifery which I felt; I faw what they were 
doing in the dark, as it were, through the 
hole in the wall. O ! wdiat a great fnare 
bright genius, and extenfive natural abilities, 
are to fome, when they are deluded by Satan 
to truft in them, and prefuinptuoufly to 
imagine, they are fufficient to anfwer every 
purpofe for guidance and help not only in 
temporal but fpiritual things, without fuper- 
natural and divine aid immediately commu- 
nicated. I have met with no ftate more at 
enmity, nor in greater oppofition to the truth ; 
nor from whofe fpirits more pain and difbefs 
is to be met with, than from thefe worldly wife 
and felf-fufficient people, who, no doubt, 



Would deride this obfervation, or any thing 
elfe that afferts an inward fenfe of things. 
They are very much out of the way of being 
reached unto and helped; therefore they 
are in great danger of being left alone, 
that they may wonder and perifli, I fin- 
cerely wifli, that the tender-hearted, both 
youth and others, may be preferred from 
the infedlion of that poifon of afps which 
is under their tongues* Next day I had a 
poor fmall meeting at Kirkbright, where 
my bufinefs was to example them with 
filence. From thence to Moor-houfe, where 
I had fome opennefs and fatisfadlion, though 
things were but low as to religion in that 
meeting. The next meeting was in the 
city of Carlifle ; my way was clofed up in 
painful filence* I had a fmall open meet- 
ing next day at Scotby; then went to a 
meeting at Sowport, where there were but 
few friends, and things very low amongft 
them, as to the life and fenfible under- 
ftanding of religion ; but there came in many^ 
of the neighbours, towards whom I found 
great opennefs to declare the truth, and it 
was a good meeting. I went next to 
Kirklington, or the border meeting, being 
on a firft-day. Friends having without 
my knowledge, given notice to their neigh- 
bours, and to divers people of account in 
the world; it is. likely they expeded great 
things from one come fo far to vifit them ; 
and fome perhaps hoped to get credit by 


136 The JOURNAL of 

that day's work ; but we fee fomctimes, whea. 
man appoints, the Lord difappoints; which 
in the iffue, feems to have been the cafe 
here; as I fat the meeting, (which was 
very large) throughout in (ilence, to the 
great mortification of many prefent, fbme 
of whom, one might have expelled from 
their appearance and pretenfions, to have 
better underftood the nature of fpiritual 
worlhip, than to have been fo anxious after 
words or outward declarations ; it proved, 
I think, as painful and exercifing a meet- 
ing as ever I knew, to which the expec- 
tations of friends and others did not a little 
contribute. At the conclulion, I was fully 
fatisfied I had difcharged the fervice requir- 
ed of me that day, in an example of filence, 
in which I had peace. I could perceive 
great uneafinefs in many under our name, 
at the filence of the meeting. It evidently 
difcovers a mournful degeneracy, feeing 
filent worlliip is fo dire6lly confiftent with 
our Chriftian profeilion of the inward 
teachings of the grace of God that brings 
faivation, which hath appeared to all men, 
jind teaches all thofe who diligently hearken 
thereunto, that no time is more fuitable than 
when affembled together, unitedly to wait for 
this bleffed teaching, and thereby, a renewal 
of our ftrength. How abfurd then is it, for 
thofe who profefs this teaching and accefs 
to the fountain of all good, to depart there- 
from and gaze at the clouds, or depend on 



the conduits and watcr-fpouts, as if it was 
in their power to fill themfelves, and fo to 
fupply all their wants? for althongh they 
have at times, by the Lord of all, been 
ufed as a means for our help and edification, 
yet fuch means or helps are not fo effen- 
tially neceflary to the fpi ritual worfliip pro- 
feffed by us as a people, but that it may 
be as effectually, and confequently as ac- 
ceptably performed without them, in afi 
awful folemn filence: than which nothing 
can be more reaching and convincing to 
thofe in whom the divme witnefs is re* 
garded, and which may alio tend greatly to 
raifethat in the minds of fuch where it is 
depreffed. Some have remarked, that thofe 
who have been convinced in the filence o£ 
our meetings, have generally flood their 
ground in religion beft. The reafon is 
plain, becaufe they have at the very firft laid 
hold of and embraced the very fubftance o£ 
religion; whereas, the underftanding may 
be, in a great meafure convinced by tefti- 
mony, and the mind much tendered and 
affedled with lively declarations of the truth ; 
but all this goes off fooner, and will leave fuch 
minds deflitute, unlefs they happily come to 
be fixed under the teachings of the grace of 
God in themfelves, and have to fit under 
their own vine, and under their own fig- 
tree, where none can xnake them afraid. 
None need be afhamed of a folemn awful 
filence before God, and in the fight of men ; 


138 Tht: journal of 

feeking the Lord, v/ho will be found of 
all fuch, and will, by his fecret invifible 
power, vindicate that ibrt of filence in the 
hearts of all who fufFer his- pure witnefs to 
arife. All who reje6l the voice of this 
holy witnefs, may juftly be difregarded by 
God's people, fo as not to be difcouraged 
by what they fay on that account. But on 
the other hand, when any thing of this 
nature is done in the form and by way of 
imitation only, there being nothing fuper- 
natural to fupport and defend the fame, it 
muft neccffarily fall under contempt, and 
like the fait that hath loft its favour^ will 
be trodden under the feet of men. That 
fcripture pafTage is very obfervable, where 
ibme undertook to caft out devils in the 
name of Jefus, whom Paul preached. It is 
plain the evil fpirits knew, notwithftanding 
their pretences, that they wanted power to 
fubjedl them ; and therefore anfwered thefe 
imitators and pretenders, *' Jefus I know, 
" and Paul I know, but who are ye ? and 
" the man in whom the evil fpirit was, 
*' leaped upon them, and prevailed againft 
** them, fo that they fled out of the houfe 
" naked and wounded." I inftance this 
paffage to ihew how inefEcacious imita- 
tion is : they would do well to confider this, 
who, upon a ferious examination, do not 
find the Lord with them in their religious 
performances ; for affuredly nothing can 
ft and approved in his fight, nor maintain 

a dig- 


a dignity worthy of him, 111 this ftate of 
probation, but the real produdl of his own 
fpirit in us; therefore, let all who profefs 
fpiritual worlliip, greatly dread being found 
in fenfelefs flupid filence, although it be in 
the very fame form the people of God have 
been, and are flill led into; knov/ing, that 
the beft and mod confiftent form is alto- 
gether contemptible without the heavenly 
power. I felt and perceived divers of them 
were much offended with me, for abiding 
in that ftation the Lord placed me in that 
day, which they did not altogether forbear 
letting me know by words; neither did I 
let them pafs without fome clofe remarks oa 
their forrow^ful ftate and great blindnefs. 
In about a week after, I received a long 
letter upon the fubjedt, from one, fetting 
forth amongft other things, how great a 
myftery it was to him, that a perfon in my 
ftation, travelling from one nation to ano- 
ther, fhould difappoint people, friends and 
others, by fuch unaccountable filence ; had 
not I difcovered fufBcient caufe to believe 
this friend was not then what he had been, 
his letter would have been as. great a myftery 
to me as my filence in that meeting was to 
him. When I had perufed the faid letter, 
I was moft eafy to let it pafs as not worth 
anfwering. This was a time of very great 
anxiety to my mind, and I have made the a- 
hove remarks thereon, as I felt my mind open- 
ed thereunto; forpo other realbn, than as a 

T eautioa 

140 The JOURNAL of 

cantlon or warning to all profefTors of the 
blelled truth into whofe hands this may- 
come, that they may watch and pray con- 
tinually ; left, by departing from the pure 
leadings of truth in themfelves, they fall 
into the like abfurdities ; manifefting to 
others, that they are but mere pretenders 
to fpiriuial worihip ; and alfo for encou- 
ragement to painful travellers in the work 
of the gofpel, whofe lot, in the courfe of 
their fervice, may fall amongft fuch, to 
•whom they may be as figns and gazing- 
ftocks, bectiufe their time is not always 
ready. What makes fuch examples more 
necefTary in fome places, is the bufy for- 
wardnefs of unfl^ilful miniflers amongft 
themfelves, who may be too apt to feed 
the people with a multitude of words; per- 
haps frequently recommending filence in 
words, but not fufficiently by example. 
I have feen it much my place, efpecially 
at home, to fhew friends by my example, 
the benefit and neceftity of ifilence, and, as 
it were, to lead them into it. And. as may 
be feen by this account, I many times 
found it my duty to fit meetings appointed 
for me in filence; (being at times greatly dif- 
trelled in a ienie of the ftates of the people,) 
like a fign unto them, of what they ought 
to be more in the pra(5lice of. This indeed 
was no eafy talk to flefti, as the expeclation of 
people was greatly towards me, being come 
from far to vifit them;.v jct there was no 



remedy but patience and refignation to 
the divine, will, without whole affiilance, 
I knew it was in vain to attempt any- 
thing by w^ay of miniftry. My way of 
travelling as above hinted, often filent, 
was looked upon tlien by many, as a 
ftrange and unufual thing; but fome 
others hav^e been led pretty much in the 
fame track; however, I had moftly great 
peace, and inward llrength to ftand my 
ground therein, as all will w4io follow the 
Lord whitherfoever he fhall be pleafed to 
lead them. 

I had a meeting on third- day at the houfe 
of Cuthbert Wigham in Northumber- 
land, w^hich was a fweet refrefliing time, 
and tended much to fire ng then and revive 
my drooping fpirit. Next day I had a 
pretty open ferviceable meeting at Allondale. 
From thence to Alftonmoor, where the 
Lord was pleafed to favour me with a tho- 
rough roufing opportunity, and God's 
everlafting truth was exalted. The next 
meeting I had v/as at Penrith, where things 
appeared to me but low. i went from thence 
to Coldbeck, and was at their meeting on 
firft-day. It was a very hard diftreffing 
time. There I felt, as I thought, fome 
of thofe hard dark fpirits, which had occar- 
fioned great anxiety at fundry places in that 
county; who might, as I apprehended,, be 
compared to the bulls of Balhan that com- 
paffed David about. ' It is likely they would 


142 The JOURNAL of 

fcofF at the exprcflion of their fpirlts being 
felt, bvit the time will foon overtake them 
wherein their fpirits will^feel, though now 
perhaps in a great meafure paft feeling. 
Next day I had a fmall but pretty open 
meeting at MafTdale. From thence to 
Terril, where I had a good open fatisfadory 
meeting, truth being exalted and friends 
comforted. The next meeting was Strick- 
land, which was but fmall yet to good 
fatisfadlion. I went from thence to Ken- 
dal, and attended their meetings on fixth- 
day, firft-day, and third-day. Moft of 
them were to me trying laborious meet- 
ings. I was not much opened as to mini-, 
flry. Friends in many places had need 
to be brought from words, to the one eter- 
nal infpcaking word. On fourth-day at 
Yealand in Lancafliire, I had a clofe fearch- 
ing meeting. The next day I was favoured 
with an open comfortable time at Wray 
meeting. From thence I went to Bentham, 
where truth affifted to difcharge what I had 
before me, to a good degree of fatisfac- 
tion. From thehce to Settle, where on 
firft-day we were favoured with a precious 
open meeting. The teftimony of truth 
went forth freely and affedingly, to the 
tendering many hearts : Praifes and thankf- 
giving to the Lord for the fame. Next day 
1 had a fmall but a very open meeting at 
]VIonybent. From thence to Soly meeting, 
which appeared to me in a very weak, low 



condition, as little of the life of religion was 
to be found therein. After meeting I went 
%o the houfe of my kind friends Jonathan 
and Margaret Raine; and from thence to 
Marfden Height meeting, in which the 
Lord's power was livingly felt, whereby 
the teftimony of truth was delivered with 
clearnefs and good demonllration. Next day 
had a meeting at Trawden. On firft-day 
I went again to Marfden meeting, which 
was a thorovigh good opportunity, and we 
were fweetly comforted together. 

Being now pretty much fatigued with 
eonftant travelling and clofe labour, I relied 
at Jonathan Raine's about a week, and 
then went to a large meeting of friends in 
Latherfdale, where I was much favoured, 
and largely opened to deliver the dodlrines 
of truth, with good demonftration, and to 
my own peace. The next day I had a com- 
fortable open meeting at Airton; my friend. 
Jonathan Raine bearing me company. From 
thence to Skipton, and had a meeting; 
things were but low. I had that evening 
a good open opportunity amongft our wor- 
thy friend David Hall's fcholars. Thence 
I went and had a meeting at Fairfield, which 
was fmall, but pretty open and I hope fer- 
viceabie. The next meeting was at Ne- 
theridale, where I had very laborious fearch- 
ing work ; the tefthnony was clofe and 
iharp againft formal profeflbrs, yet, through 
divine favour^ I was enabled to get through 


144 The JOURNAL of 

to very good fatisfacllon, and the meeting 
ended comfortably. I went from thence to 
Afquith, where was a Imall open meeting. 
The next meeting was at Rodan, and being 
on a firft-day, it was very large: a plain 
folid body of friends belonged thereunto. 
We v/ere favoured w^ith an open meeting, 
the teftimony of truth being exalted. Next 
day I had a very comfortable open meeting 
ajt Bradford, and went to Keighley, which 
was alfo an open fatisfadlory meeting. There 
I received from my worthy friend David 
Hall, by the hands of his wife, a truly fub- 
ftantial and encouraging letter: as it con- 
tains matter of weighty inftruclion, I wil- 
lingly give it a place here, not doubting 
but it will be very agreeable to fome read- 
ers, and think it cannot hurt any. 

Efteemed and well-beloved Friend, 

IN the fweet fpirit, and fellowfhip of the 
everlafting and glorious gofpel of peace, 
I hereby kindly falute thee, and thy dear 
companion and fellow- labourer in the ac- 
ceptable work thou art now engaged in ; 
not forgetting his worthy confort Margaret, 
when thou feeft her. Be not at all difcou- 
raged on any account, for I truft, thy good 
Lord and mafter whom thou ferves, who 
made thee willing to leave thy outward habi- 
tation and little ones, and to traverfe the 



rugged ocean with thy life in thy hand, as 
an ambafTador in Chrift's ftead, to preach 
glad tidings of good things to the meek ; to 
call upon and roufe the indolent and care- 
lefs; to diredl the ftraying Iheep unto the 
fold of reft; to raife the drooping ones 
that are now too low, and endeavour to 
bring down the lofty that are too high, 
to the true centre, even the midft of the 
path of judgment : in fhort, to bring unto 
us the pledges of thy matter's love and 
thine, and to receive ours; who, after he 
had in his wifdom and counfel, fuffered 
thee to be taken captive for the trial of 
thy faith, in mercy ranfomed thee as an 
evidence of his power, will never leave thee 
nor forfake thee. I have unity with thy 
fpirit, gift, and with the manner of the 
adminiftration thereof. I intreat thee, dear 
brother, keep to thy fteady bottom way. 
The prefent ftate of the church loudly calls 
upon us, for the entire refignation, faith, 
hope, charity, and patience of the minifters 
of the gofpel. 

The diverfities of gifts, operations, and 
adminiftrations, from the one fpirit, are 
beautiful and ferviceable: as the ftars in 
the firmament are not all of one magnitude, 
have not all one ftation nor degree of luf- 
tre, but are each ornamental and fervice- 
able in their refpedive places and feafons. 
The Lord blefs thee, be thy fiiield and ex- 
ceeding great reward in time here, and in 


146 The JOURNAL of 

eternity hereafter. Now as the apoflle, in 
a paternal way, adviieJ his fon Timothy, to 
drink no longer w^ater, but ufe a little wine 
for his llomach's fake and his often infir- 
mities: I defirc, as thou ferveft not an 
auilere man or hard mailer, but the mofl: 
merciful and bountiful King of Kings and 
Lord of Lords, thou wilt take due care of 
'thyfelf, and rightly confider thy conftitu- 
tion. Do not drive on too fall in this 
cold climate and leafon of the year; con- 
fider, nets are not always to be fpread and 
caft into the fea, l^ut fometimes to be 
mended and repaired. Thou finds the good 
feed lies low in many bofoms, and many 
meetings ; experience teaches thee, that 
where and when our mafter fuffers ; who 
faid, where I am, there fliall my fervant 
be ; we ought to be content to fuflfer with 
him; that when he reigns, we may alfo 
reign with him : fliall the fervant think to 
xeign, when and where his Lord and mafter 
fuffereth ? There are, my dear friend, thou 
knoweft, times of fitting at the king's- 
gate; a fafe, honourable, and profitable 
fituation, previous to advancement: they 
that are faithful in this low, fafe fitting, in 
due time receive a call from the king to 
put on his royal robes, mount his horfe 
and ride around, which is a high dignity, 
and a high day; yet thofe fo favoured, miift 
not expcdt always to fit in that faddle, nor 
always to be cloathed with that royal ap- 


parel, but as certainly difmount, as ever 
they mounted; and niuft by no means for- 
get the road to the honourable king's- gate, 
and their honourable feat there. ^Ve ihould 
be glad to fee thee here once more. Pray 
write to us. My wife joins with me iii 
dear love to thee, and thofe above-men- 

I am thy truly afFedliortate friend, 

skipton, tf.e T9th of? David Hall, 

joth month, 1748. > 

After this meeting, I went home with 
my companion Jonathan Raine, to Traw- 
den. From thence I went next day to 
Todmorden, and had a laborious exercife* 
ing meeting there; yet through the ex- 
tending of heavenly help, I was enabled to 
difcharge the fervice required, to mine own 
eafe and comfort in a good degree. I had 
a fmall poor meeting at Oldham next day ; 
filent labour feemed to be my proper bu- 
finefs therein. On firft-day, the 25th of 
joth month, I went to Crolhawbooth in 
Roflendale, which was a pretty large meet- 
ing ; but I was in fo weak a ftate of body, 
being much fpent with travelling and deep 
clofe labour, having for fome time but a very 
poor appetite, that my fpirits were greatly 
exhaufled; fo that finding my mind engaged 
in that meeting, I flood up in order to de-^ 
Jiver what fecm^d to be required, but was 

U pbJige4 

14a The JOURNAL of 

obliged foon to fit down^ dLg^iUy being fo 
very weak and i'pent I' could not raife mjr 
voice, fo as to be heard. I then conciuded 
it was time to take fi me reft, in order to 
irecoyer ftrengrh as forin>.rly. if it v/as the 
Lord's will, which I did not then miiCih 
cxpecl, thinking myfelf far gone; nor 
indeed did i delire it; for my afflicflions, 
feveral ways, about that time were very 
heavy, which made m.e weary of this 
world, and had ic been the Lord's will, 
fhould have been glad to have embraced 
death rather than hfe ; yet 1 endeavoured 
to be reiigned to the divine will. Great 
care was taken of me with affedlionate 
kindnefs, by my worthy friends Jonathan 
Raine, his wife, and her lifter Ann who 
then lived with them; having often the 
company of that valuable family", the Ec- 
royds of Edgend: I was brought very near 
thefe two families in that love that think- 
eth no evil; being by illnefs, or rather 
weaknefs, detained there about nine or ten 
weeks. It was an exceeding wet feafon ; 
being alfo the dead of winter, yet I got 
moftly out to their meeting, which was 
near; and went divers times, to Marfden- 
Height meeting, about four miles off; and 
once to Skipton, and Lotherdale, about 
eight or ten miles off: in moft of which 
meetings the Lord was with me to ixiy 
great comfort, enlarging my hear,t in fer- 
vice for him and his people^ to ixay.fatis- 


JO H N G R ITT r T H. 14^ 

tacflion and encouragement. As foon as I 
was pretty well recovered and the v/eather 
more fit to travel in, I iet out tor Lau- 
carter; my kind friend Jonathan Raine 
bearing me company ; and attended both 
their meetings on firft-day; being painful 
and laborious, I had nothing given rne lo 
deliver by way of public teilunony; divei^ 
friends there appeared to me rhen, and more 
fince, lively and fenfible of the work ot true 
religion; yet I apprehend, the expedatious 
of too many were out after words chat day, 
which was to be difappointed. O that all 
were really turned to the more fure word, 
that they might never be difappointed ! I 
was next day at their monthly-meeting of 
bufinefs, which was low, truth not having 
much dominion therein. I went to Wyerf- 
'dale, and had a pretty open meeting; re- 
turned to Lancafter, where next day, we 
were through divine goodnefs, fiivoured 
with a heavenly baptising meeting, to oilr 
great joy in reverent thankfulnefs ; friends 
being fweetly vmited in the precious enjoy- 
ment of the pure love and goodnefs df 
God; having an additional confirmation, 
that when the Lord is pteafed to fliut, 
none can open, and when he is pleafed to 
open, none can fliut. As there had been 
very little opennefs at divers meetings there 
before, and at this the Lord o{)ened places 
of broad rivers and rtreams, to the unfpeak- ^ 
able pleafure and refrelhment of thirrty 

Ibuis ; 

I50 Th£ journal of- 

fouls; in a fenfe thereof I took my leave 
of friends, being accompanied by my efteem- 
ed friends William Backhoufe and Jona- 
than Raine. We had a pretty open com- 
fortable meeting at the Fylde. Next day 
had a thorough awakening opportunity at. 
Freckleton, being enabled to divide the 
word v^ith great plainnefs to their ftates ; 
•wherein I had eafe and peace. We then 
went to Prefton, where the number of 
friends was exceeding fmall, and but little 
to be felt of a fpiritual travail or lively fenfe 
of religion amongft thofe few, there hav- 
ing been a mournful declenfion ; yet I found 
the. Lord's merciful loving-kindnefs gra- 
ciouily extended towards them for their 
help and recovery. From Prefton I went 
to the following meetings, viz. Cappul, 
AfhtoUj BickerftafF, and Leverpool: in all 
which, the Lord was gracioufly pleafed to 
afford wifdom and ftrength, to open doc- 
trine and counfel for the ftimng up care- 
lefs lukewarm profeffors, as well as to 
the encouragement and edification of the 
fincere-hearted, alfo to mine own eafe and 
peace in a good degree. I went from Lever- 
pool to the houfe of Gilbert Thompfon, 
and was at Penketh meeting on firft-day; 
where my fpirit was deeply afHi(5ted, under 
a fenfe of too many profelTors fitting down 
at eafe, ieeking to be fed with words and 
outward declarations concerning the things 
pf God, I have found this much, the 



cafe at fome places where eminent in- 
ftruments have dwelt. Friends have fuf- 
fered their minds to be too much drawn 
from a diligent fpiritual labour, to receive 
the bread and water of life immediately 
from the fountain thereof; and depended 
upon the labour of fuch inllruments who 
are but as clouds or water- fpouts ; having 
no power to fill themfelves nor to feed thel 
flock profitably, until , furniilied for that 
purpofe, by the bounty of the inexhauftible 
treafury of wifdom and all-fufficiency. 
Here the fountain is forfaken for the ftream's 
fake; the eye being more to the gift than 
the giver, which is an abufe of the gift, 
and provokes the Lord to jealoufy ; giving 
him juft caufe to withhold fuch inftrumen- 
tal means from people. The reafon of fuch 
a dangerous miftake, to me is obvious, viz* 
becaufe it is found eafier for flefli to receive 
by fuch a medium; *^ Let iiot God fpeak 
*' unto us, left we die, faid the people of 
*' Ifrael, but let Mofes [the inftrument] 
" fpeak unto us." There is a life that ought 
to die on the crofs, which is eafier faved 
alive under teftimonies be they ever fo fub- 
ftantial and excellent, than under the im- 
mediate teachings of Chrift; whofe voice 
is as a fire againft evil of every kind, and 
affords no peace after it is difcovered, until 
it be given up for deftrudlion, and to be 
purged away by the fpirit of judgment and 
burning. This pure voice ipeaks to us in 


ts^ The journal op 

fuch a manner, as that we can by no means 
turn it off from ourfelves by applying it 
to the ftates of others; which niay be done 
Under the moil fearching teftimonies ; thert2 
being a partiahty to ourfelves, which, 
through the deceitfulnefs of the heart, we 
^lare bat too apt to fall into; and alfo to flat- 
ter ourfelves, b"^ iuppoling the pleafure we 
take in hearing the doctnnes of truth de- 
^livered, arifes from the good in us, wheh 
it may be no other than tne ftate of thole, 
to whom the prophet Ezekiefs words and 
declarations were as a lovely fong, of one 
^that hath a pleafant voice: for they heard 
^his words, it feems, wah pleafure, but did 
•them not; their heart going flill after their 
covetoufnefs. I have lengthened this re- 
mark the more, becaufe of the very hurt- 
ful confequences I often have icen and felt, 
'by an over-anxioufnefs in people after out- 
ward declarations ; even to the negletft of 
that great and neceffary work, of drawing 
near to God with true hearts, in full af- 
furance of faith; wherein is our only fafety 
iand help. May this conlideration deeply 
engage all minds to return unto him, the 
great Ihepherd of ;ii^ael, v/ho puts his own 
ilieep forth and goeth before them, lead- 
•ing into green pailures, bringing them up 
from the vvafliing-pool, bearing twins, noiie 
being barren aniongil them. I found it my 
place to give that meeting an exiimple of 
filence. From thence 1 went to their 



monthly- meeting at Hartfhavv, wherein I 
fat a coMfiderable time in lilent waiting 
upon and feeking the Lord, who was 
pleafed in his own time to open a Hving 
Ipring of miniftry, afid truth greatly pre- 
vailed, t-q the comfort and edification of 
friends: there being aifo divers not of our 
fociety prefent during tiie meeting for wor- 
ihip, amongfl w^iom one, who exprefled a 
fenfe he had of an awful folemnity to be 
felt in the meeting before any words were 
uttered, which to him exceeded words or 
outward declarations, or to that efFccl : as a 
friend told me afterwards. This, dqubtlefs, 
would be much more the cafe with many 
who at times come amongfl us, were our. 
religious meetings held more in the ihn^, 
fible feeling of the divine power. From 
thence 1 went to Manchefter, and had a 
meeting there, Avhich was lov/ and affli(5l- 
ing. Some who ihould have been way- 
marks and leaders of the flock, not, keep- 
ing their own fpirits in due fubjecT:ion to 
the peaceable fpirit of truth, had not main- 
tained the unity thereof, which is the bond 
of peace: whereby that meeting was hurt 
and the pernicious effefts thereof were pain- 
fully felt. I (laid until their firft-day 
meetings were over, where the Lord was 
pleafed to afford fufHcient ability to dif- 
charge the fervice required, to mine own, 
eafe and comfort, in a good degree, I 
w:ent from thence to Stockport in Che- 


154 The J O IT R N A L of 

fiiire, and had an open comfortable meet- 
ing, to the reviving of thpfe few who la- 
boured to teep their habitations in the 
tiudi, and warning of carelefs profeflbrs. 
I h^d next day a fmall poor meeting at Mac- 
clesfield, I went fron> thence to Morley, 
where, although the appearance of pro- 
felTors was large, yet very little to be felt 
of the life of religion amongft them; but 
inftead thereof, a fenfe of death and dark- 
nefs, occafioned by wrong things. I had 
no opennefs at that time to adminifter any 
thing, but an example of filence. I had a 
:meeting next day at Frandley, where truth 
favoured with a degree of opennefs, I 
went from thence to Sutton, where things 
appeared low: I found it my place to lit 
the whole meeting in filence. The next 
meeting was at Newton, being on firft'^ 
day, where I was favoured with a pretty 
thorough opportunity to clear myfelf. Then 
went to Weft-Chefler; had a fmall meeting 
there in filence, and things appeared very- 
low. The next day I had a good fatisfac- 
tory meeting at Namptwich; and went tb 
Middlewich, where I met our worthy friend 
Jofhua Toft. The meeting was, through 
divine goodnefs extended for our help, to 
pretty good fatisfadlion. I went home with 
the above-mentioned friend, and had a 
meeting next day at Leek in StafFordfhire : 
I fat the whole time in filence ; friends ap- 
peared to me, in too general a way^ at eafe 



in an empty form of religion, depending on 
the labour of others. I went next day 
in company with jolliua Toft, to the burial 
of a friend at Stafford ; there were but few 
of our foclety thereabout, but many others 
came, -fome of whom were very rude and 
nolfy In tjie meeting. Our way was quite 
blocked up as to miniflry. I returned with 
Jofhua Toft and went to Leek meeting on 
firft-day, wherein I had a thorough rouling 
opportunity ; trtith being exalted, and the 
great name of God magnified, who alone Is 
worthy for ever. I went from thence In 
company with my dear friend Jofhua Toft, 
to the quarterly-meeting for Chefhire, to be 
held at Middlewlch: Infinite klndnefs was 
greatly manifefled at that meeting, for the 
benefit of friends In general and the en- 
couragement of the upright-hearted In par- 
ticular. Things refpeCllng truth and fiiends 
being In the general, very low In that coun- 
ty; yet the Lord, lii condefceildlng klnd- 
nefs, extended his love for their ixvival and 
recovery. Here I found rhy mind engaged 
to vifit Morley meeting aga;in, the aforelald 
friend joining me therein ; and fending no- 
tice by fome friends returning from the quar- 
terly-meeting ; we had a very large meeting, 
compofed of friends and others. I had tho- 
rough fervice therein ; yet near the conclufion, 
not finding my mind clear ot thofe under our 
profefTion, others were deiired to withdraw, 
which they immediately did. Our labour 

X t\ra$ 

156 The JOURNAL of 

v/as very clofe and fearching amongft thofe 
tinder the profeffion of truth, things being 
much out of order; undue liberties having 
crept in. The Lord flivoured me with wii- 
dom and ftrength, fo to difcharge myfelf of 
the fervicc required, as to go away with a 
peaceful eafy mind. 

I have now to give an account of an un- 
expecled turn I found in my mind, refpecft- 
ing the courfe I was to (leer in my travels;. 
When I left Lancafter I had no other view 
than to vifit m?eetings agreeable to the 
foregoing account, and to proceed in a 
pretty dire6l courfe through the Midland 
counties tow^ards London. But, very con- 
trary to my expectation, I found my way 
quite blocked up and flopped as to what i^ 
before hinted, and another opened before 
me,' viz. To turn into Yorkfliire again, and 
take meetings in my way to the quarterly- 
meeting there; from thence to Lancafter 
quarterly-meeting; and to the circular 
yearly-meeting for the northern counties, 
to be held that year at Kendal ; after 
which, to crofs the fea for Ireland. But 
O, the clofe exercife this imlooked-for 
turn brought upon my mind : not fo much 
out of reluflance to obey the Lord's re- 
quiring, provided I was favoured with 
clear certainty thereof, as fears of being 
miflakcn ; and great reafbnings there were 
in my weaknefs; yet through divine favour, 

I was 


I was enabled, ,ia a good degree to get 
over them, and to yield obedience to that 
which I beheved was required. I there- 
upon acquainted my friend Wilham Eack- 
houfe With the' time I purpofed going for 
Ireland, as he, when with me in the Fylde 
Country of Lancafhire, had fignified his de- 
fire of bearing nie company tiierein, when 
I found it my duty to undertake it ; al- 
though neither he nor I thought then it 
would be fo foon; however, I received 
his anfwer, that he intended to prepare 
againfl the time propofed, in order to bear 
me company. We went from this meeting 
to Lowlighton in Derbyfliire, where we 
were favoured with a good open meeting, 
and fo proceeded over the mountains of Der- 
byihire-Peak, to SheiEeld in Yorkfliire; 
where the Lord was pleafed to give us a 
very gracious confirming meeting; truth 
and its tefl:imony being greatly exalted. 
This blefied opportunity removed all my 
reafonings and fears before hinted 5 for 
which my foul was humbly thankful to 
the Lord, my alone helper. After this 
meeting my much efl:eemed friend Jofliua 
Toft and I took leave of each other, he 
returning home. 1 went with our worthy 
friend John Hafiam to his houfe at Handf- 
worth Woodhoufe, where the next day I 
had a very open fiitisfoclory meeting; the 
Lord aflxDrding dodlrine and counfel fuit- 
able to the ftates of thofe few belonging 


158 The JOURNAL of 

to that meeting. When at the houfe of my 
friend before-mentioned, my mmd was 
touched with foraething Uke his bearing me 
company to York and from thence to Ken- 
dal yearly-meetings which I informed him 
of; bvit he made very light of it, perhaps 
thinking my motive was only for the fake 
of having his company. I advifed him to 
take with him fuch things as he might 
think neceffary, in cafe he v/as to go; and 
if, when at York, he found no fuch con- 
cern, he might then return home. We 
fet out together for York, taking meet- 
ings in our way, at Newel-Grange and Bar- 
ton, which were precious open times; the 
life and power pf truth attending to our 
great comfort. We travelled on to Leeds, 
and lodged at our worthy friend Chriftiana 
Home's, who in her time had been a fuc- 
courer of many pf the Lord's mefTengers, 
being a truly open-hearted woman, a mo- 
ther in our Ifrael. But fhe did not continue 
a great while in mutability after this. Next 
day we proceeded to York, and attended 
the quarterly-meeting ; but cannot find any 
memorandum by me of its fiate, therefore 
have but little to fay concerning it. I flaid 
over their firft-day meetings at York; they 
were hard and painful; I had nothing by 
way of teftimony, fave a little at one of 
them. My truly valuable friend John 
Hailam acquainted me, that what I had 
f^id to Iiim at his own houfe, of bearing 



me company to Lancafter quarterly- meet- 
ing and the yearly-meeting at Kendal, 
had laid fuch clofe hold of his mind that 
he could not find freedom to leave me. 
He faid I had, by thofe few expreffions, 
although he did hot much regard them, 
at firft, caft fuch a mantle over him, (or to 
that efFedl) that he found he muft go with 
me, though not fo well provided for the 
journey as he could defire. We went from 
York to our friend William Hird's, and 
from thence to David Hall's, and fo to the 
monthly-meeting at Settle. In the after- 
noon the fame day, we were at the burial 
of a friend there, which was an open fatif- 
fadlory time, truth overfhadowing the meet- 
ing, and the tellimony thereof was exalted 
to our great comfort. Next day we had 
a pretty open comfortable meeting at Ben- 
tham, and went from thence to the houfe 
of our friend William Backhoufe, who I 
expected to find prepared to go with me 
into Ireland; but to my no fmall furprize^ 
I found he had reafoned it away, under an 
apprehenfion that his propofal of accompany-^ 
ing me proceeded more from his love to me 
than any real concern at that time. I was 
fully perfuaded his concern was right, as he 
had acquainted me it had remained on his 
mind to vifit Ireland again for fome years: 
I therefore had a great travail in my mind 
for him, that he might be brought to a 
right fenfe and difcerning of the Lord's re- 


i6o The JOURNAL of 

quirings; being fully fatisfied he was a man 
of fiiicerity, who vvould not wilfully tranf- 

I took an opportunity with him next 
morning, and his concern returning, and he 
abiding fteadily under the weight thereof, 
afterwards performed the faid journey to his 
own peace, and was to me an agreeable friend 
and fellow- labourer. Having appointed to 
meet me at Whitehaven; we went from his 
houfe to Lancafter, and attended their meet- 
ings on firft-day. In both which I found it 
my bufinefs to fet an example of filence. 
I was taken fuddenly that night after all 
were a bed, with an uncommon fwelling 
in my throat, not much unlike a quinfey ; 
I could fcarcely fwallow liquids for fome 
time, fo that it feemed very probable to 
thofe about me, that it would foon be over 
with me, as to this world. Concerning 
which, I was very eafy in my mind. A 
dodlor was quickly fent for; by whofe care, 
under divine favour, I foon recovered, fo 
as to attend the yearly-meeting at Kendal. 
It was very large, there being a great col- 
lection of friends from many parts, and large 
numbers of people of other ibcieties. This 
meeting was divinely favoured, efpecially 
at the concluding meeting, wherein God's 
everlafting truth triumphed glorioufly, and 
xnj poor deprefTed fpirit, that had long 
waded under the weight of wrong things, 
was raifed into comfortable dominion, and 



obtained, through the captain of our falva- 
tion, complete vidlory over thofe hard un- 
mortined fpirits, undue Hberties, and car-* 
nal Kfelefs profeiTors, I had long mourned 
under a painful fenfe of, in my northern 
travels; now I was fet over them ail, for 
I fenfibly perceived, and livingly felt his 
eternal power fet over all wrong fpirits, and 
clearly faw the Lamb and his followers will 
obtain the viclory: and although it hath 
been, is, and will be, through great fuf* 
ferings ; yet thofe who patiently fuffer with 
Chrill, fliall alfo reign with him. This 
meeting crowned all my fervice in thofe 
parts ; after which I found my mind quite 
at liberty to embark for Ireland. I fet out 
next day for Whitehaven in company with 
my good friend Chriftopher Wilfon ; a 
very pleafant journey we had, in that fweet 
innocent freedom which cloathed our fpirits, 
feeling the confolating ftreams of that river 
which maketh glad the city of God. Here 
we, in degree, enjoyed the new heavens and 
the new earth wherein dwelleth righteouf- 
nefs : the fruit and effect whereof is quiet- 
nefs and affurance for ever. I was at Pard- 
Ihaw meeting, being on a firft-day. It was 
a precious opportunity; truth was greatly 
in dominion and its teftimonv exalted, 
the fincere-hearted being fweetly comforted 
and united one to another. The next day 
I went to their monthly-meeting, and had 
good fervice, both in the meeting of w^or- 

i62 The JOURNAL of 

ihip and that for tranfacting the affairs of 
the church. The weighty fervice of vifit- 
ing families was before that meeting, and 
I underftood had been fometime obftrucfted 
by fome of the members, to the concern 
and uneafinefs of others. It was clear td 
xne, when it came to be weightily confider- 
ed, that the power and virtue of truth was 
livingly with the promoters of fo good a 
work, and I did fully believe the Lord 
would blefs it in their hands. I therefore 
endeavoured to lift the oppofite fide as well 
as I could, to the bottom, and found very 
little or no weight in what they had to 
offer againfl it. Upon which they were ear- 
neflly defired not to hinder the fervice of 
others, in that important work that had 
fo often and fo evidently been bleffed, al- 
though they might be vmwilling to put 
their own hands thereto. Truth arofe and 
came over them, fo that friends at that 
meeting appointed fifteen or fixteen men 
and women, to go in feveral companies on 
the fervice, as that monthly-meeting is large 
in its extent. This afforded great relief 
and fatisfadlion to the fincere travellers 
for Sion's profperity. I went from thence 
accompanied by feveral friends, to White- 
haven, where I met my intended compa- 
nion William Backhoufe; and a fhip be- 
longing to a friend, whofe name was 
James Nicholfon, being ready to fail for 
Dublin, we went on board of her, the 1 9ch 



of the 2(1 month, 1749, in the evening, 
and were foon under fail. We met Wr h 
contrary winds, and a very rough uiieafy paf- 
fage as to our bodies; being five days and as 
many nig'its before we landed. What 
made it much harder for William and me 
to bear, we had given up the beds prepar- 
ed for us to two women friends that came 
on board and were unprovided, they be g 
alfo very fea-fick moft of the time; fo we 
were under a necelTity of lying down, on 
the cabin floor or upon fome ot the chefls, 
in our cloaths, wliich \Ye did not take off 
all the while, that I remember. This 
proved very trying and hard to us, and 
greatly fpent and fatigaed we were when 
we landed at Dublin : where we were re- 
ceived an^" entertained with affeclionate 
kindnefs by our friend Samuel Judd and 
family, at whofe houfe we lodged while 
in that citf? The hajf year's meeting began 
in the morning ot the day we landed, i;: 
being afternoon when we got on fhore. 

Tiie next day we aitended two meetings 
for the afifliirs of the church; and I am 
fully perfuaded, there was a faithful exer- 
cifed remnant, painfully labouring for the 
reftoration of ancient beauty and comelineis, 
and the affairs of the church were tranf- 
a6led with very confiderable order and 
decency ; yet my Ipirit ' was, as it were, 
cloathed with deep mourning, and much 
clofed up in painful anxiety. The caufe 

Y whereof 

i64 The JOURNAL or 

whereof I did not then diftindllv imder- 
(land ; but when I had travelled through 
the nation, viliting the churches, and for- 
row fully viewing the defolations thereof, my 
futFerings in fpirit at the half year's meet- 
ing were no longer a myflery to me. The 
next morning was held a general large con- 
cluding meetnig for worlhip and in the 
afternoon a meeting of minifters and 
elders ; at both wnich, efpecially the 
latter, I had open thorough fervice; as alfa 
in their week-day meeting at Sycomore-aiiey 
on fixth-day. We (laid at Dublin over firfl- 
day: at Meath-Street in the morning the 
Lord was pleafed to f urniih largely with 
matter and utterance, to a good degree of 
fatisfac5lion. In the afternoon at Sycomore- 
alley, I found it my duty ^^aiifjbe filent. 
On fecond-day we fet out from Dublin, 
accompanied by James Evans and wife, in 
order to vilit the following meeikigs-in our 
Avay towards Cork, viz. Ball^cane, Wick- 
low, Errats, Wrights, CooLidlne, Wex- 
ford, Lambfton, Rofs, Waterford, Clon- 
mel, Kilcomon, YoughSll, and fo to Cork; 
We found things very low indeed in molt 
of the faid meetings ; my labour in them 
was generally fearching, painful, and labo- 
rious. Truth feldom having that comfort- 
able dominion (by reafon of the prevalence 
of wrong things) as was earneftly laboured 
for, both by us, and alfo by a few mourn- 
ers fcattered up and down in thofe parts^ 



wlio waited for, and ardently fonglit the 
profperlty of Zion. Such can only rejoice 
when the righteous feed beareth rule. We 
had feveral meetings in the city of Cork, 
where there is a conliderable body of friends, 
as to number. But oh! the love of this 
world and other undue liberties, hath pre- 
vailed, to the great hurt of the fociety 
there alfo. Our labour was for the moft 
part, painful and exercifing amongfl them. 
From thence we went to Kilcomon again j 
fo to Cafhel, Limerick, Jonathan Barns's, 
and Birr. At feveral of which meetings I 
found it my place to example the people 
with lilence, which was the cafe at Birr, 
having (as it was faid) all the people called 
Methodifts refiding there, and their preacher 
at the meeting; than whom, I think no peo- 
ple are more at a lofs what to do with filence 
in worfhip; I am perfuaded there have been 
awakening of merciful kindnefs to them, 
and they have feen the necefTity of the new- 
birth ; but their notions about it have been 
for the moft part, in the airy vifions, and 
flightinefs of their own imaginations; not 
coming to ceafe from man, or from their 
own willings and runnings. Oh that they 
were fo happy as to be emptied! that God 
might be all in all, working in them the 
will and the deed; then would they come 
really to experience true poverty of fpirit, 
and to abhor forward adlive felf, whofe time 
is always ready. In this fafe, felf-denvi g 


i66 The JOURNAL ot 

fitaation, they would really feel an abfolute 
neceffity to wait, as with their mouths in 
the dull before the Lord, until he Ihall be 
plea fed to arife in their hearts ; whereby 
all his and their enemies would be fcattered. 
Then would true worfhip be performed^ 
and they eftabliihed upon the immoveable 
rock that the gates of hell cannot prevail 
againft. After Birr, we had meetings at 
.the Moat, Old-Caftle, Ballyhaife, Coothill^ 
and Caftlefhane ; which meetings were 
moftly fmall and painful; truth favoured 
with a degree of ftrength, to labour for 
their help and recovery; but, alas 1 the life 
of rel g'on appeared to be at a very low ebb^ 
The next meetings we had were at Bally- 
hagen and Charlemont, which were laigc, 
yet but little to be felt of the life of reli- 
gion moving or ftirring in them; neither 
did there appear to be much foundnefs 
amdngll iome of the foremoil r«nk ; feveral 
of whom having adminiuered caufe of 
{tumbling and difcouragement to others, 
it had a bad favour and influence; inftead 
of gathering, it had tended to fcatter from 
the fold of Chrift's flock. I had very clofe 
fearching-work among! t them, in order to 
bring the judgment of truth over fuch, as 
the Lord was pleafed to open my way and 
to difcover their fl:ates to me, being altoge- 
ther without any outward information there- 
of. I underflood afterwards fome of them 
refented it, thoiigh they laid nothing to 



ine about it; but as fome had before, fo I 
vinderilood one or more of them did fooii 
after, manifed a bafe ungodly foundation. 
We proceeded from thence to take the 
meetings round Lough Neigh, viz. Tober- 
head, Coh^aine, Balhnacre, Grange, and 
Antrim; which meetings appeared indeed 
ahnoft a defolation with refpedl to the fen- 
iible poirefTion of truth, although it was 
profefTed by fome. A time of deep mourn- 
ing and diftrefs it was to my foul, to view 
their captivity and lofs, which themfelves 
did not feem to have much fenfe of. The 
next meeting was Baliinderry, being very 
large^ but heavy and painful; yet the ble^ 
fed power of truth prevailea in a good de- 
gree. From thence we went to the follow- 
ing places and had meetings, viz. Lifburn, 
Hilfborough, Lurgan, andMoyallan; where, 
although we found fome true mourners in 
and for Zion, yet the bulk of the fociety 
feemed to love the world and the things 
that are therein, to that degree, as to have 
very little tafte or relifli for the things of 
God. Even fome of thofe, who, by their 
fhations in the church, ought to have been 
lively examples of felf-denial in this refped:, 
appeared to be as deeply plunged into this 
mournful caufe of defolation as any. Alas! 
what account will they have to give of their 
ftewardfliip, when the chief fhepherd fhall 
appear. From this place we croffed the 
country to Edenderry ; once remarkable for 

a brave. 

i68 The JOURNAL of 

a brave, lively body of friends : there are 
now a large number of profellbrs belonging 
to it ; but, alas ! the glory is much depart- 
ed, and the fountain of living v^^ater forfa- 
ken by many. Oh, how are they gone into 
captivity by the muddy waters of Babylon ! 
"We attended their meeting on a firft-day, 
but could hear no melody or fong of Zion ; 
all being doled up, and our harps hung, as 
it were, upon the willows. It was a time 
of deep filent mourning. About the time 
of breaking up that meeting, it hvingly 
fprung in my mind, that as they had re- 
jedled abundant favours bellowed upon them 
that they might be gathered to God, fo the 
Lord would rejeft many of them. The 
next meetings we had, were at Timahoe, 
Rathagon, Mount Melick, Mountrath, 
Ballinakill, at James Huchefon's, Carlow, 
Kilconner, and the province meeting at 
Caftle Dermot. Pain, diflrefs, and ciofe 
labour, either in teftimony, or an example 
of filence, attended in the laft-mentioned 
meetings; yet the Lord was a gracious fup- 
port through all. I hope our deep wadir^gs 
and painful fervice, was not without fome 
.good effedls, both to the ftirring up the 
carelefs, and comforting the mourners in 
Zion. I had very clofe fervice at the pro- 
vince meeting ; yet, by divine favour, was 
carried through to pretty good fatisfaflion, 
and I believe it was a ferviceable meeting to 
many. From thence, in our way to Dub-^ 



Hn, we had meetings at Athy, Ballytore^ 
and Baltybois, which were very fmall, and 
true reHgiori very low. From thence we 
went to DabUn, intending fliortly to em- 
bark for England. We attended the meet- 
ings in the city, both on firft and other 
days of the week during our ftay, but I 
had very Uttle opennefs therein ; being made 
to the profefTors as a fign and example of 
filence from meeting to meeting. Great 
indeed were my inward dlftreffes, on account 
of the mournful declenfion of the church in 
Ireland: the Lord knoweth, and was my 
only fupport under it. Bleffed be his name 
for ever! Divers there were amongft them- 
felves, who greatly lamented it. The tra- 
vail of whole pained fouls, I hope the Lord 
of fabbaths will regard in his own time, fo 
as to turn his hand again upon a greatly 
declined church, that he may, by the fpirit 
of judgment and burning, purely purge 
away her drofs, take away her tin and 
reprobate filver; that her judges may be 
reftored as at the firft, and her counfellors 
as at the beginning. 

It may by fome be looked upon rather 
imprudent, to lay open the defedion and 
fpiritual condition or ftate of our fociety, 
which depends fo much upon my own tef- 
timony of an inward fenfe given me thereof 
in my travels. In the firft place, no other 
perfon can do it for me, and I cannot find 
my mind eafy that it lliould be wholly 


lyo The JOURNAL of 

omitted. It hith been fo repeatedly, and 
with fuch clear evidence to my underftand- 
ing confirmed, that I have not the leaft 
doubt of what I write in that refpedl ; al- 
though it be with a confiderable degree of 
rel usance, yet it feems my way, and I am 
not eafy to go out of it ; Intending no other 
by thofe clofe remarks, than as leiFons of 
inflru6lion, caution, and warning to fucceed- 
ing generations; if, when I am removed 
hence, this be looked upon worth printing. 
So far I may add, that the laying open the 
mournful declenfion of the fociety, and 
pomting out fome of the caufes thereof, 
as my underftanding might be opened there- 
into, was one of the principal things that 
engaged me to write a journal: it never 
entering into my thought, that my tra- 
vels and lltde fervices, fnigly confidered, 
were of fach confequence as to merit the re- 
gard of my friends, fo as to be publilhed ; but 
thinking the account of my travels and the 
obfervations of the ftate of things are 
neceflarily connecled together, fo that in 
doing the firil, 1 could not well avoid the 
laft. I have further to add, that I think 
myfelf alfo warranted herein, by the exam^- 
ple of God's faithful witneifes in ages paft, 
With whom it was ufual to lay open the 
ftates of the people, both in an individual 
manner and in a more collective body, 
viz. as nations, focieties, or churches; alfo 
fetting forth, for a warning to all fucceed- 



ing generations, thofe particular evils which 
caufed the Lord's difpleafure, and would, 
if not turned from, bring down his judg- 
ments upon them. We alfo find, that even 
thefe warnings and heavy denunciations 
of judgment, were preferved in writing, as 
a teflimony for God, and againft themfelves, 
even by thofe againft whom they were really 
given forth; yea, the particular evils and 
frailties which, through inadvertency, the 
Lord's choice fervants fell into, and deeply 
repented of, are recorded; not only as 
warnings to all, but alfo to excite charity 
and tendernefs towards thofe who have fal- 
len into evil, in cafe they repent and for- 
fake; confidering ourfelves, that we may 
alfo be tempted, and therefore never dare 
upbraid thofe, who, through their own im- 
prudence, have fallen amongft thieves and 
are naked and wounded, provided they re- 
turn again to the father's houfe. I have juft 
further to remark, that I have obferved a 
prevailing difpofition in fome lof confidera- 
ble eminence in the fociety, and in a great 
many others, to cry up mightily for peace 
and charity, the maintenance of unity, and 
not 'to prefs any thing very clofely, left 
the peace of the fociety ihouid thereby 
be endangered; although, perhaps, the 
things urged cannot well be objefted to 
upon any other principle, than groand- 
lefs fears, and a faint-hearted mind not yet: 
quire upright to God, nor wholly rCvleem- 

Z ed 

171 The JOURNAL or 

ed from the praife of men : as there Is a?i 
unwiUingnefs to difpleafe them, though in 
maintauiing the Lord's caiife: " for if I yet 
" pleafed men (faid Paul) I fliould not be 
" the fervant of Chrift." \yhat makes me 
take notice of this, is, that I have ihtn a 
great fnare in it, wrong things fuffered to 
remain and prevail under it, and the fire 
of primitive zeal againft undue liberty, 
too much quenched. We have no fuch 
examples in the prophets, or in Chrift and 
his apoftles, of indulgence, and winking 
at wrong things, and falfe eafe. They, 
in their concern to teftify againft fuch 
things, had no fear of breaking unity, 
nor difturbing the quiet and peace of 
any people, let their rank or ftation be 
what it may. Had this noble fpirit of 
ancient zeal been more generally exercifed 
in plain dealing and fpeaking the truth 
one to another, the mournful declen- 
fion fo juftly complained of amongft us 
as a people, would not have fo generally 
prevailed. It is but about a century, fmcc 
the Lord, by an out-flretched arm, gathered 
our fociety, as from the barren mountains 
and deiblale hills of empty profeilion ; choofe- 
ing them for Iris own peculiar flock and 
family; as by many evident tokens of his 
love and mighty protection, doth fully ap- 
pear: even when the powers. of the earth, 
like the raging waves of the fea, rofe up 
'-igainft them, with full purpofe to fcatter and 



lay wafte. This remarkable inilance of his 
regard, muft, I think, gain the aflent of 
every confiderate perfon, who hath not yet 
a capacity of uiiderllanding clearly the 
Lord's gi^acious dealings with his people, 
in a more fpiritual and myfterious relation. 
When I view the multitude of his favours 
and bleiTings to them in this refpecffc, I am 
acfraid even to attempt the recounting and 
letting forth' fo copious and amazing a fub- 
je6l, which can better be admired, and the 
bountiful author adored for the fame. It 
may be juftly queried, what could the Lord 
have done for us that he hath not done? 
Notwithftanding which, what indifference, 
lukewarmnefs, and infenlibility as to the 
life of religion, is now to be found amongfl 
numbers under our name; nay, in fome 
places, this painful lethargy is become al- 
mofl general; although I hope a few may 
be excepted, who are much affllc5led on that 
account, being exceedingly burdened with 
an earthly, carnal fpirit. Oh! how doth 
covetoufnefs v^^hich is idolatry, and an in- 
ordinate love of things, lawful in themfelves 
and places, cloak, ftelter, and hug them- 
felves, even under a plain appearance in 
ibme; yet plainnefs is no m.ore to blame 
tor that, than the name difciple or apoftle 
was to blame, becaufe Judas once bore that 
name, I could write much more on this 
mournful fubjed, having fuuered Co deeply 
in my travels on account of the grievous 

dccleniion j 

174 The JOURNAL or 

dcclenfion ; biit hope to eafe my mind, by- 
dropping here and there a remark, as 1 pro- 
ceed in g ving account of my travels. 

We embarked at Dubhn the eighteenth 
of the 5th month in the morning, and 
landed at Peel near Swarthmoor-Hail next 
day. One thing I am not quite free to 
omit, as I could not well help looking upon 
it a providential prefervation of my life, 
viz. the fands being very extenfive there- 
about, and v^^e happening rather too late> 
as to the time of tide-ferving, to be fet on 
fliore, could not, by the waters leaving of 
us, bring the boat up fo as to land in time. 
We were thus fet fait, about half a mile 
from firm land. We could therefore think 
of no better way in this difficulty, than 
accepting the poor failo^s affiilance, which 
they kindly offered us, viz. to carry us 
to land on their backs, which -was no linall 
undertaking, as we were, efpecially myfelf, 
none of the lighteft; however, I was the 
firft, and believe the failor, who was a 
ttrong man, would have carried me to land, 
had not both of us, in our journey thither, 
fallen into a large quick- fand. The failor 
immediately left me (his burden) to fliift 
for myfelf, whilll he did the fame; but 
he had greatly the advantage of me, as he 
could fvvim, which I had never learned. 
However, I was, fome how or other, 
buoyed up in a wonderful manner, fo that I 
never was plunged over head; to vvhich, 




pcrliaps, my great coat buttoned about me, - 
might in fome meafure contribute. I 
well remember, that I could feel nothing 
under my feet but water, or foft mud that 
could bear up no more than water ; my head 
beu:ig all the while above water; I knew 
which way we tumbled in, and being near 
the bank, I made fome fhift to fcramble to 
it, and to chmb up of myfelf. I then 
waded to the fliore, being exceeding wet 
and dirty. We went to a poor cottage, 
where the accommodations were indeed very 
mean ; but the poor people's kindnefs and 
hofpitality was very noble, which we did 
not let pafs unrewarded. We got that night 
%o my affectionate companion's houfe; hav- 
ing travelled the before-mentioned journey 
with great diligence, in much love and 
harmony one with another, and were not 
quite three months out of England. The 
firit meeting I went to after we landed, 
was Yeoland, as my companion belonged 
to it, which was a good open meeting; 
truth being exalted over wrong things. I 
went from thence to Lancafter, where I had 
a fatisfaclory meeting ; the Lord's power 
in a good degree having dominion, to our 
comfort. I went from Lancafter diredly 
to Warrington, and was at Penketh meet- 
ing in the forenoon, being firft-day; where 
the Lord was plealcd to favour us with a 
precious opportunity, truth being exalted 
over all, and the fmcere travellers Sionward 


176 The JOURNAL of 

greatly comforted, in the fweet enjoyment 
6f the Lord's prefence, which was livingly 
felt amongft us. Praifes to his holy name 
for ever! In tlic afternoon w^e had a large 
meeting at Warrington, where it appeared 
my duty to fit^ in filence; the want of 
which, properly employed, proves a great 
lofs to our ibciety in many places. 1 went 
next day, accompanied by my worthy friends' 
Samuel Fothergill and William Dilworth^ 
in order to be at Marfden- Height yearly- 
meeting, and to vifit my kind friends there- 
about. I attended Marlden week-day meet- 
ing on fifth- day, which was fatisfac^lory. 
On the firft-day following, the yearly-* 
meeting was held, to which came a large 
collection of. friends from parts adjacent, 
and a pretty, many people ot other perfua- 
fions. The Lord was pleafed to exalt hig 
glorious truth and the tellimony thereof, 
in a free and open manner that day, to the 
comfort of many hearts. I went from thence 
to Todmorden, and fo to Manchefter, being 
accompanied by my affedionate friends 
Jonathan Raine and his wife. At Man- 
chefter we had an open comfortable meet- 
ing, truth having dominion ; v/herein alone 
the upright-hearted can rejoice, with joy 
unfpeakable and full of glory. I went to 
Oldham meeting on firft-day; which was 
in a good degree open, and 1 hope fervice- 
able. The next day I travelled to my wor- 
thy friend Jofliua Toft's near Leek; had 

a meet- 


a meeting there, in which I found it my 
place to fit the whole time in fi]ence< 
From thence I travelled towards Birming- 
ham in Warvvickihire, having my faid 
friend with me. We attended both their 
meetings, being on firfl-day ; they were 
very heavy and laborious, through the pre-, 
yalence of lukewarmnefs in fome, and un- 
due liberty in others; fo that I had but; 
■yery little opennefs at either of the meet- 
ings, and was quite fliut up in filence at; 
one of them. The next meetings wq had 
were at V/iganfal and Atherftone ; but 
found the life of religion very low in them. 
The yearly- meetings for the weflerly coun- 
ties being to be held at Coventry, we went 
thither in order to attend the fame, which 
began on firft-day, the fixth of the fixth 
month, 1749. The meetings were held 
in a large town-hall ; conveniency being 
made therein by friends for the purpofe; 
fo that one room which was called the 
hall, would contain by computation, not 
lefs than ' a thoufand people ; and another 
under the fame roof, it was fuppofed 
would contain above five hundred. We had 
a pretty large meeting-houfe befides. Thefc, 
I think, once or more, v/ere all filled at one 
time. There was indeed a great collecftloa 
of friends from many parts, and very great 
fiockings in of others, amongit whom there 
was confidcrable opennefs, and th,eir beha- 
viour in general waS' becoming. The gof- 


178 ^ The journal d^ 

pel was preached with power, clearnefs* 
and good demonilration. I found myfelf 
much excufed from public fervice, which 
I accounted a favour ; having greatly to 
rejoice in the exaltation of truth's teflimony 
througli well qualified inftruments, of whom 
there were a confiderable number prefent, 
whom I greatly preferred, and was glad 
the public fervice fell chiefly upon them; 
for I have ever accounted it a concern of 
great importance, to appear by way of 
public teflimony in thofe large affemblies, 
and have earneftly prayed they might be 
condudled in the beft wifdom; which, 
doubtlefs, would always be the cafe, if the 
fpirits of all who undertake the great and 
awful work of the miniftry, were truly fub- 
jecled to the alone fource or fountain there- 
of: who is, to his humble dependant ones, 
wifdom and utterance. The meeting ended 
on third-day, to the comfort of friends, 
and, as far as appeared, to the general fatis- 
fadlion of others; whofe attention to what 
was delivered, and behaviour to friends in 
general, was to their honour, and the repu- 
tation of the city of Coventry. On fourth- 
day there was a meeting appointed at my 
requeft, in Warwick, to which I went; 
but when I faw the great comings in of 
people ; many of whom by their appearance^ 
feemed to be of the principal inhabitants; 
I was pretty much intimidated, and fell 
under difcouragemcnt for a time, know- 


ing my own great weaknefs. My great fear 
Was, leil through my means, or that of 
fome others prefent, truth might fuffer. 
I cried with earned concern to the Lord, 
who feeth in feeret, and he was gracioufly 
pleaied to hear, and to furniih with mighty 
by his fpirit in the inward man; fo that 
the everlafting truth and its teftimony, 
was exalted that day, and the people ap- 
peared to be pretty much affected there- 

I have many times ft^cn. it very profitable 
to be deeply humbled, and awfully prof- 
trated before the almighty povv'efful helper 
of his people; that fo, what we are in the 
miniftry may be by his grace only ; hav- 
ing obferved, where the creaturely part is 
not wholly abafed, but fome fufficiency or 
treafure belonging thereunto is yet faved 
or referved (it being very clofe work to be 
ftrippedof all) there hath been a mixture 
brought forth; a wearing the linen and 
Woollen garment, and fowing the field with 
two forts of grain; and when any by 
■cuftom, their own unwatchfulnefs, or the 
negledt of others whole care fhould have 
•been over them, become, as it were, efla-^ 
tliflied in this mixture, I think they fel- 
dom get out of it the right way, by the 
bad being removed, and the good preferved, 
Oh, it is a great thing to ftand fully ap^ 
proved in this foleijin fervice.! to fpeak as 
che oracles of God, and to minifter of the 
A a iabilipy 

i8o The JOURNAL of 

ability immediately given by him. Bleffed 
will that fervant be, who when his l-Oid 
cometli, is found dividing the word aright, 
giving the flock and femily of Chrilt their 
proper portion of meat, and that in doe 

Having a defire to take feme meetings 
in my way into Wales, whither I intend- 
ed in order to vifit my dear ancient mother, 
I took the following meetings, viz. Hen- 
ley, Broomfgrove, and Worcefter. I had ciofe 
laborious fervice in them, as was often my 
^lot where I travelled. I fpent about a week 
at my mother^s, having leverai large tho- 
rough ferviceable meetings am^ongft friends, 
my old neighbours, and acquaintance; 
their hearts being tendered, and fome mvich 
affected. But, alas ! things are at a low ebb 
with our fociety in thoie parts, and the 
conducl of fome rather adminifters caufe of 
itumbling than convincement to others, 
I travelled from thence to Bewdly, Stour- 
bridge, and Dudley; my brother Benjamin 
bearing me company. I had good open 
fervice at the faid meetings, and went to 
Birmingham, where I had a hard trying 
meeting as before. I went from thence to 
Hartihill general meeting, being on a firft- 
day. It was, through divine favour, an 
open good meeting. I went the thir^-day 
following back to the burial of a friend at 
Birmingham; and returned to the houfe of 
my kind friend John xJradford, who bore 



me company next day to Hlnkley in Lei- 
ceiiei'iliire, where we had a pretty open 
meeting, and went to Leiceiler, where the 
Lord was pleafed to favour us with a fatif- 
facl:ory meeting. Next day I liad a fniall 
meeting at Soil by, things being very low 
there. From thence to Caille-Dunington, 
and had two meetings, being firft-day ; to 
which many friends from Nottmgham came; 
they were hirge, and I believe ferviceabie 
meetings to many. Next day I had a fmall 
poor meeting at Wimes-Wood ; and went 
to Longclawfon, where I could perceive very 
little of the life of religion. From thence 
to Oakham in Rutlandshire, and had a 
comfortable meeting; truth and its tefti- 
mony had confiderable dominion. From 
thence to Leiceiler quarterly-meeting; and 
to Kettering in Northamptonfliire ; where I 
had a good degree of opennefs, and truth 
prevailed. Then to . Wellingborough, on 
iirft-day, and attended their fore and 
i.afcernoon meetings ; the fir ft was a clofe 
' exerciiing time, in a painful filence, and 
forrowfui {hnk of the indifference and in- 
fenfibility of many ; it was a large meet- 
ing, and to me, the much greater part ap- 
peared very ignorant of the importance of 
that worfhip and fervice they profeffed to 
meet about. In the afternoon I was favoured 
with wifdom and ftrength to difcarge my 
mind, in a clofe fearching teftimony. The 
nest day I had a* meeting to pretty good 


i82 The JOURNAL 6f 

fadsfadlion, at Ranee. The day following 
I went to the monthly-meeting at Ramfaj 
in Hxmtingvionfhire, where I had good fer- 
vice. After which, had meetings at Ives, 
Godmanchefler, Erith, and Hadenham ; 
tnoft of which were pretty open and fer- 
viceable, through divine help,- for without 
the Lord's bleifmg on our labours, they 
prove altogether fniitlefs, the increafe being 
from him alone. I went nest to Milden- 
hall in Suffolk, where on a firft-day 1 had 
a large meeting to good fatisfaclion. The 
next meetings were at Burry, and Haverill; 
the laft of which, being moftly people of 
other focieties, was open, and the teftinrlo- 
nles of truth a|)peared to be well received. 
I went from thence to Saffron- Walden in 
Effex^ and had a very painful afflidling 
meeting : very little to be felt of the life of 
religion therein. Oh ! what pity it is, fo 
many up and down, do fatisfy themfelves 
with' a profeffion of truth ; only having a 
name to live^ when they are really dead, as 
to the quickenlngs of heavenly virtue. The 
next meeting I had was at Stebblng ; where- 
in we were fa\^oured with the opening of 
the living fountain in a good degree; yet 
there appeared to me to be fome obdurate 
unfaithful fpirits under our profeffion, who 
feemed out of reach in a forrowful degree, 
and very hard to be made fenfible of the 
weight and importance of our religious 
tertunonies; efpecially* in fome branches 



thereof. Such caufe a fecret pain and an"* 
guiili, which covers the minds of poor tra- 
vellers in the work of the gofpel, like un- 
.to the fackcloth underneath. I feldona 
^found room and opportunity to put it 
-wholly off, though I was frequently favour- 
;ed with a comfortable evidence, that the 
^(Lord was with me, gracioufly owning my 
'ifervice for him and his people. At the 
-next meeting at Coggelhall, on firft-day, I 
had clofe, fearching, laborious fervice, and 
found fomething exceeding heavy in that 
meeting; yet, by divine favour, I was car- 
ried through to a good degree of fatisfacftion. 
Next day 1 had a meeting at Kelvedon, and 
another the day following at Witham. At 
both which, my labour in teftimony was 
very clofe and roufing; in order, if pof- 
fible, to awaken and (fir up lukewarm, un- 
faithful profefTors ; and by the bleiTed effi- 
cacy of the vv^ord of life, the wholefbmc 
dodlrine of truth was fet over them, and 
the few upright-hearted had relief. I went 
from thence to Chelmsford, where I had 
good open fervice at their week-day meet- 
ing, and alfo on the fir ft- day following: 
notwithftanding which, a fecret pain ac- 
companied my mind, occafioned, in a great 
meafure no doubt, by thofe unfaithful pro- 
felTors before hinted at, who have neither 
courage nor fidelity to maintain any branch 
of our Chriftian teftimony, when there ap- 
pears any probability of outward lofles, or 


184 Thf journal of 

fiiiferirg thereby: dealing with our princi- 
ple in a very lax, indifferent manner, tak- 
ing what they pleafe, and iacrificing the 
rell to their own felfifh views ; fuch are as 
fpots in our fealts of charity, and a mourn- 
ful load to the truly living in religion : 
but the Lord Almighty, who hears their 
groanings, will in his own time grant re- 
lief; and thefc Ihall bear their own bur- 
dens. I went from Chelmsford to a mar- 
riage at Dunmow, and from thence to 
Roydon in Kerifordfhire. Things, as to 
the life of religion, appeared very low there; 
I had nothing to minifter unto them but 
an example of filence. Next I had a meet- 
ing at Baldock, which was low and rather 
painful. I went from thence to Hitching, 
and was at their firli-day meetings. They 
were prety open and iatisfadlory. From 
thence to Ampthill, where things appeared 
low. Then to Hogftyend, where 1 had 
fome opennefs and lacisfadion : at Shering* 
ton I had a low painful meeting. The 
next meeting I had was at Northampton, 
which w\as a very trying time; but the 
Lord, by his powerful word, gave me do- 
minion in a good degree, over dark, liber- 
tine Ipirits: things, as to true religion, 
feemed almofi: loft there. The next meet- 
ing was at Bugbrook, where I had fome 
opennefs, and got through my fervice to 
pretty good fatisfadion. From thence to 
Coventry, and was at their paeetings on 



firft-day : in one v/hereof, 1 had clofe fearch- 
ing labour; I was filent in the other. The 
riLXt meeting was at Edington, which was 
fmaii, and things but low. 1 went from, 
thence to a marriage at South-Newton. I 
found it my place there to fit the whole 
meeting in filence. The earneft expectation 
of people, efpecially on iiich occafions, may, 
and I believe often does, obilrucl the cur- 
rent of right miniftry. Silence, if duly 
coniidered, may be the bell lellbn of in- 
ilrudlion, for thofe whofe life is too much 
in words or outward declarations. I have 
thought fome amongft us are fo void of a 
right underftanding, as to apprehend a kind 
of neceffity for fomething to be done by 
way of miniftry, at marriages, and funerals- 
efpecially; it being hard for them to ap- 
prehend, that they can be fo honourably 
condudled without. I have therefore ob- 
ferved fome, though but little concerned 
in the general, to maintain our teftimonies 
by an uniform confiftent deportment, appear 
very zealous on thefe occafions; taking a 
deal of pains, and riding many miles, and 
fometimes from one preacher to another, to 
make themfelves fure of having one; and 
when they have been fo fuccefsfiil as to 
prevail upon any to come, it would no 
doubt be a grea.t difappointment, were they 
wholly filent. In this fituation, the minifter 
himfelf may, unlefs well-grounded, be ex- 
pofed to temptation to gratify fuch. My 


i86 The JOURNAL of 

principal view in this remark is, to fliew 
how remote fuch are from the truth they 
profefs, and how nearly allied to fome other 
profeiTors of Chriftianity, who make re- 
ligion chiefly confift in outward perform- 
ances ; and think it not like a Chriftian 
burial, when a corpfe is committed to the 
earth without fomething faid over it. If 
that over-anxioufnefs in the people, above 
tinted, fhould prevail on the preachers 
amongft us, to anfwer their cravings and 
expeftations, both in attending, and when 
there, in gratifying them with words, with- 
out a due regard to the holy weight and 
impreffions of the word of life, as the alone 
moving caufe to public fervice, they would 
be loft as to the living body in the fo- 
cietyj and although fuch might continue 
in a coniiftent form of found w^ords and- 
found doflrine, as to the external appear- 
ance, yet the fubftance being loft, their 
performances would be no more than as 
founding brafs, or a tinkling cymbal. 
Some, to our forrow, have been obferved 
to lofe ground by fuch means: what can 
we imagine more offeafive to the gracious, 
bountiful giver, than to proftitute fuch a 
precious divine gift, by making it llibfer- 
vient to the carnal unfancflified defires of 
thofe who are ftrangers to God, yet love 
tOL hear of him and his glorious adls, by 
the hearing of the ear? From this place 
I went to Huoknorton, and had a meeting ; 



wherein my bufinefs was to example with 
lilence. I then v/ent to Sibtbrd, where I 
had a meeting, and fome opennefs ; yet things 
were but low. From thence to Banbury, 
and attended their meetings on a fir ft- day. 
I had open thorough fervice in them, and 
the teftimony of trutii was in a good degree 
exalted. Next day I went to South-Newton 
again, where I had great opennefs, and truth 
was comfortably in dominion. Much fatif- 
fadlion is received by following the fafe 
guidance and conduft thereof, whether in 
heights or depths, fufFerings or rejoicings^ 
I h;id a good meeting next day at a place I 
forgot the name of; and then to Adderbury, 
where I had a meeting; things but low. 
From thence to Bicefter, and had a fmall 
poor meeting; there being but very few 
under our profefTion, and but little to be 
felt of the life of religion amongft them. 
My face being now turned towards the ci::y 
of London, I had a fmall meeting at Aylef^ 
bury, and fome open fervice therein to my 
fatisfaclion. There are but few friends 
thereabout. I went to their hrft-day meet- 
ing at Jordans, wliicli was large: my fervice 
therein, was to example the people, friends 
and others, with iiience; w iich I believe 
was a confiderable difappoinrmeat to many; 
but I hope it was profitable to fome. Di- 
vers friends from London met me there. 

Aye lodge 

:d thai 

t night at a 

friend's houfe on 

ilic w^ay. 


got to the 


next day. 


B b 



i88 The JOURNAL of 

continued thereabout three weeks, vifiting 
meetings diligently every day in the week, 
except the laft, and one more. It, was a 
very painful time of deep fuftering in fpirit, 
even beyond all expreffion. I was as a lign 
of iilence from place to place, efpecially 
at Grace-Church-Street meeting; which, 
doiibtlefs, was a great my fiery to many. 
But it was my way to peace of mind, and 
I fought after contentment, though it 
might occafion me to be accounted a fool, 
by the lofty towering fpirits in that city, 
who may juftly be compared to the tall 
cedars of Lebanon. I left London the 1 9th 
of the loth month, 1749, to vifit the fol- 
lowing meetings, viz. Hertford, and St. 
Albans, where our friend Benjamin Kidd 
met me, and accompanied me to Hemp- 
fhead, Wickham, and the quarterly-meet- 
ing at Oxford. The meeting there for 
worfliip was excedingly diflurbed and hurt 
by a rude company of fludents, who came 
in like a flood, and allowed little or no 
llillnefs, till by breaking up the meeting 
they difperfed; by which means, we held 
the meeting for difcipline and good order, 
in a quiet peaceable manner. After meet- 
ing I went to Witney ; where next day I 
had a very painful exercifing time, not only 
imder a fenfe of vmdue liberties prevailing, 
but alfo of an exalted felf-righteous, felf-fuf- 
iicient flate; than which, none are harder 
t® be reached unto, or made any impreffion 

upon : 


upon: my bufinefs was to fit in filent fuffer- 
ing with the oppreffed feed. I went next 
to Burford, where there feemed to me very 
little of the life of religion. From thence 
I went to Cirencefter, where my fpirit was 
deeply diftrelfed, under a painful fenfe of 
wrong things and wrong fpirits. The next 
meeting I went to was Nailfworth, v/herc 
I had clofe fearching labour, in teftimony 
againft lukewarmnefs and undue liberties. 
From thence to the quarterly- meeting for 
Wiltfhire; being a ftranger and altogether 
unexpedled by friends there, the clofe 
fearching teftimony given me to bear, ef- 
pecially relating to the ftate of fome aclive 
members, might be better taken, and might 
have more effe6t, than if the fame had conic 
from one better acquainted v/ith their ftates. 
I always coveted, to be wholly unacquaint- 
ed with the ftates of meetings by outward 
information, in all my travels; and when, 
by the difcourfe of friends previous to my 
attending them, there appeared any pro- 
bability of their inadvertently opening in 
my hearing, any thing of that kind, I have 
generally either flopped them, or walked 
away out of hearing; but in general, friends 
who entertain us in our travels, have more 
prudence, and a better guard in thefe re- 
ipedls; as indeed all ought: for it ftrait- 
ens, and may give mnch uneafmefs to right 
fpirited minifters, who have a fure infal- 
iibli^ gtiide within, and therefore have no 


190 The journal of 

need of any outward guide or information 
in their iervices. After this meeting, I 
vlfired the following meetings in that coun- 
ty, viz. at the houfe of John Fry, in Sutton. 
Cain, Chippenham, Mellliam, Corfliam, 
Bradford, Lavingron, and Salifbary, and 
found things moilly low, painful, and la- 
borious to work through ; as thofe under 
our profeffion appeared to me, in too gene- 
ral a way, fatisfying themfelves with the 
religion of their education only ; without 
much experience in the life and virtue there- 
of, operating upon their hearts. Some, it 
is to be feared, undertaking to rule and 
a(5l in the church without a proper qua- 
lification, and fo do not therein feek the 
honour that cometh from God only. Here 
the equal balance a»nd ftandard is not kept 
to ; partiallity gets place ; men and woman's 
perfons are refpe(5led, becaufe of riches or 
outward fubftance: true judgment is per- 
verted ; wickednefs efcapes cenfure, to the 
affeciing the wdiole community, as in the 
cafe of Achan. Such things provoke the 
Lord, (who is the only ftrength and defence 
of his people) to withdraw. They then be- 
come languid; their hearts become water, 
and the inhabitants of the land prevail 
againft them, till they are in the end made 
dclblate. The next meetings I had were 
Andovcr, Whitchurch, Bafingftoke, and 
Alton ; having, through divine help, had 
fome profitable fervice, tending to w^arn 



and excite friends to a more diligent and 
careful difcharge of the feveral duties their 
ftations required: but I could not help 
viewing, with fbme painful reflexions, a 
lukewarmnefs and declenfion which for- 
rowfully prevails in many places. At Alton, 
which is a large meeting, I found fome 
folid weighty friends, to whom my fpirit 
was nearly united ; having, in the main, 
good fatisfadlion and opennefs amongft 
them ; with fearching clofe fervice to the 
unfaithful; in which I was favoured with 
the comfortable help of upright fpirits, 
whofe fincere travel is maintained for an in- 
creafe of faithful labourers in the Lord's 
vineyard and the reftoring of ancient 

Now did my deep And painful labours in 
this vifit begin to wear off, and to draw 
towards a period, as far as related to my 
travels at this time, in Great-Britain and 
Ireland. I therefore foon expec^led a full 
difcharge, as I then faw little before me, 
fave the city of London. I had meetings at 
Godalming, Guilford, and Eflier, in my 
way thither; in which I had fome fervice to 
my own fatisfacftion, and I hope to the help 
of friends. 

I continued in the city fome time, vifit- 
ing meetings with diligence. My mind 
being deeply exercifed as ufual in a painful 
travel, with and for the fuffering feed of 
God in the hearts of profeflbrs, who to 


192 The JOURNAL of 

me appeared, in too general a way, living, 
moving, acfling and breathing, in an airy 
exalted region above it. I have often been 
ready to fay, By whom fliall Jacob, the 
true feed, arife ? for he is very finall in the 
efteem and regard of profelTors of moft 
ranks. Yet I could fee an afRicted fuffering 
remnant, lie very low, as under the ruins, 
panting, and, as it were, ftruggling for life. 
And although we could fee, and knew one 
another, and travelled together under a de- 
gree of the fame painful feeling fenfe of 
things; yet, not having it in our power to 
relieve one another, our proper bufinefs was 
to travel under our refpe(ftive burden, un- 
til the Almighty Deliverer Avas pleafed to 
appear, calling his fuffering ones to domi- 
nion and rule with him, who is Lord of 
Lords and King of Kings: for the Lamb 
and his followers fhall have the vidlory; 
-though they are permitted fometimes to fuf- 
fer long. I had then, at times, faith to 
believe he would raife the dry bones, and 
they lliould (land upon their feet ; an army 
to fight the Lord's battles ; to bring the 
mighty from their feats, and to take the 
crowns of fome who feemed to reign as 
kings, from them; making their nakednefs 
appear. Surely the complaints of the Lord, 
by the mouth of his prophet concerning 
Krael, was mournfully verified in the city 
of London, refpetling a great part of the 
ibciety, viz. ^' My people have committed 

*' two 



two great evils ; they have forfaken me 
*' the fduntam of living w^aters, and hewn 
" them out cifterns, broken cifterns that 
" can hold no water." Such is a profeffion, 
though of the truth itfelf, without the real 
pofreifion. Such is truth in notion, fpecu- 
iation, and imitation only. The fame 
may be faid of whatever is done in religion, 
without the immediate influence, direftion, 
and leadings of the holy author's fpirit and 
power. Sound dodlrine may be preached, 
as to words and the main fcope thereof, 
and true principles imbibed from education, 
tuition, or other outward means; yet the 
man's part being alive, adlive, and always 
ready; the child's and fool's ftate, that 
knows its fufficiency for every good word 
and work to be immediately received from 
God alone, is neither experienced nor abode 
in. " For it is not you that fpeak, but the 
*' fpirit of your Father that fpeaketh in you, 
*' or by you." I fay, without this living fcnk 
of things, all is but a broken ciilern ; it will 
hold none of the water of life; which is the 
real caufe, that the endeavours and feeming 
zeal of fome for the promotion of religion, 
are fo dry, infipid, and inefficacious. Truth 
will carry its own evidence. The fpring of 
aclion being the holy fpirit of Chrift, 
it will gain the affent of all his children, 
a'nd aniwerhis pure witnefs in the hearts of 
the rebellious, f^ir beyond what many con- 
ceive or imagine. Upon which I would 


194 The JOURNAL of 

juft obferve, that the only way to preferv^ 
the ftrength, glory, and dignity of a reli- 
gious fociety, is for all who undertake to be 
aclive in it, certainly to feel the Lord lead- 
ing and direcfting them in all their fer- 
vices; and, on the other hand, the fare 
way to defolation is, when the aclive mem- 
bers in religious things move therein by 
the ftrength of human abilities only. A 
great deal depends hereon, more than fome 
are aware of; it is obfervable, that the pre- 
fervation of the Jewifh church in purity, 
much depended upon the governors and 
rulers thereof; and fo does, and will, the 
profperity and purity of the Chriftian 

I had very little opennefs in refpedl 
to miniftry, but was lilent as ufual, from 
meeting to meeting. Indeed, my fufFer- 
ings in fpirit were exceeding great and 
deep, day and night, in that city, fo that I 
was weary of this life, and, as it were, 
fought for death ; being at times ready to 
fay, it is better for me to die than to live. 
I much wondered why it fliould be i'o ; but 
have fince fceUy it was in order for the fil- 
ling up that meafure of the fufferings of 
Chrift allotted to me, which I have feen 
the great advantage of, with refpecfl to 
giving dominion over thofe things and 
fplrits, that were the caufe of thofe great 
fufferings, which could not be ftood againft, 
nor overcome any other way. For, as faith 



the apoftle, " If fo be we fuffer with Chrift, 
" we fhall alfo reign with him." And our 
Lord alfo faid, " Verily I fay unto you, 
^' that ye which have followed me in the re- 
*' generation ; when the Son of Man fnall fit 
" in the throne of his glory, ye alfo ihall fit 
*' upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve 
*" tribes of Ifrael." I have fometimes 
thought, as I believe it may, by the fore- 
going account, appear to others, that i was 
]ed in a manner Ibmewhat uncommon, to 
fee and feel the forrovvful decleniion of our 
fociety, in my travels through thefe na- 
tions ; though I am very fenfible, divers 
faithful brethren have fhared in the Hke 
painful travail ; which, in fome degree, may 
be compared with that of Nehemiah ; who, 
under great anxiety and diftrefs of mind, 
entered upon a long and hazardous journey, 
and went in the night, to view the breaches 
and defolations made in the city of the great 
king, before he and the people arole hi 
.the name of the Lord, to build the walls of 
that city and to fet up the gates thereof. 
For he found the hand of the Lord upon 
him, naoving and ftrengthening him to feek 
the good and profperity of his own people. 
Theie things are written for encouragemeiit 
„and inflruftion to the painful labourers in 
the Lord's work; that they faint not under 
the weight and exercife thereof; nor think 
flrange concerning fuch fiery baptifms 
and trials as they may meet with in the 

C c courfe 

196 The journal of 

courfc of their travels. They may be well 
afmred, that fuch things are all direcled 
in wilclom; which, in the Lord's time, 
will appear to their full fatisfadion and 
comfort. For it is far from the foimtaja 
of infinite kindnefs, to permit fuch heavy 
afiriclion to fall upon his fervants un- 

1 went from London into ElTex, in order 
to viftc ibme meetings in that county, which 
1 ]:'d not been at before, and was at 
C'h: -niL-lord w^eek~day meeting on fifth-day^ 
where I had good fatistaflion. The virtue 
oi" nwh being flied abroad, to the joy and 
com for L- of the livirg. On the firft-day 
fol[ovv'i]-ig I was at Cole heller meetings. 
My mind was painfully depreffed, under a 
lenie that truth fuffered much iirthat 
place by wrong things: v/he?e evil is wink- 
ed ar, and undue liberties in a religious 
IbcieLV, are fullered to efcape judgment or 
cenfare; weakneis, and, as it were a cloud 
of diirls-ncfs, comes over meetings as well 
as individuals. The Lord was gracioufly 
\p]eaied for his bleffed name's fake, to 
arill% and in Ibme good degree, to difpel- 
the darknels; whereby truth and the tefti- 
mony thereof, was exaltecl over all corrupt 
uniiiiidificd fpirits ; and the few upright- 
hcaitvxl were fweetly comforted; it being 
a tiiiie of relief to their fpirits, in a good 
'dtgiec, 1 went from thence to the follow- 
ing meetings, vi/. Copford, Coin, Hal- 



fleacl, and Braintree, wherein I had tho* 
rough fcrvice, in plain dealing and clofe 
labour with the unfaithful, of which num- 
ber there feemed to be many; and but 
few who had really bought the hleifed truth. 
It is fuch only, who know how precious 
and valuable it is, and who cannot eafily 
be prevailed upon to fell it for a thing of 
nought, nor even for any confideration 
whatever. But it is not fo with thofe 
who have their religion, if it may be fo 
called, by education only, or derived as it 
were, by way of inheritance like their outr 
ward poiieffions, from their anceftors. The 
principles of religion only thus received 
and held, are often fubjecled to temporal 
conveniency and worldly intereft. \Vhere 
the world and true religion ftand in com- 
petition with each other, fuch profelfors 
will foon give place to the world ; wherein 
they do really deny Chrift before men, and 
will as certainly, milefs they repent, be 
denied by him before the Father and his 
holy angels. I returned out of Eflex to 
London; for though I had had but little 
opennefs as to miniftry there, yet I found 
my mind engaged to attend their meet- 
ings, as I apprehended, in order to fufferand 
travail with the true feed, for its enlarge- 
ment, as well as to be a figa and example 
of the important duty of fijence, to the pro- 
feCfors of truth. They had been long and 
greatly favoured with living teftimonies, 


igS The JOURNAL or 

even line upon line, and precept upon pre-* 
cept ; under all which, for want of a pro- 
per application and improvement thereby, 
the fociety declined, and the ancient beauty 
thereof greatly faded away ; I mean, in 
what relates to the life and fpirit of reli- 
gion in the practical part thereof; for the 
body of the fociety every where, as far as 
ever appeared to me, are remarkably one in 
faith and profeiiion, the fame which 
hath been held and profefFed by us a^ 
a people, from the beginning. This won- 
derful onenefs and agreement amongft us 
every where, (which 1 have not obferved, 
neither do I believe it is to be found amongfl 
any other fet of Chrifiians, to that degree,) 
is to me a clear evidence, that the original 
foundation thereof, was the one infallible 
fpirit of Jefus Chrift our Lord, who prayed 
the father, that his followers might be one, 
as the Father and the Son are one. And 
notwithftandirg great numbers in our fo- 
ciety are reiting fatisfied with an empty 
profeffion, and by their unfaithfulnefs, fall 
greatly Ihort of the dignity our worthy pre- 
decefTors attained unto; which, conlidering 
the abundant favours bellowed from time 
to time, for the help and prefervation* of 
the fociety, is caufe of deep mourning and 
fore lamentation; yet, there has been, 
through the kind providence of God, from 
the beginning down to this time, a living 
body, preferved the fame in faith and prac- 


JOtll^ GRIFFITH. 199 

tice vv^ith our ancients. Thefe are fcatter- 
ed and interfperfed throughout the whole 
fbciety like the fait thereof, in order, if 
poffible, that all may be feaibned. I think 
there are very few if any meedngs, wholly 
deftituce of fome of that fort; fo that I 
would not have it underftood, by the fore- 
going mournful complaints, (although there 
may be jufl caufe for them) that I think 
the fociety is become defolate, or that 
the glory is departed therefrom: far be that 
from me; I am fully convinced to the con^ 
trary, and at times have faith to believe, 
the glory v/ill never wholly depart, nor 
fhall we ceafe to be a living people: yet I 
believe, numbers under our profeilion, for 
their great unfaithfulnefs and unfruitful- 
nefs, will be blowed upon by the Lord, and 
rejedl^d, and others called into the vine- 
yard, who will be more diligent and 

After I had continued fome time in the 
city, apprehending myfelf nearly clear of 
further fervice at this time in thefe na- 
tions ^ and that I might with fafcty look 
out for an opportunity of returning to my 
outward habitation in America ; I therefore 
applied to the brethren here, for a certifi- 
cate of my travels, &c. which they readily 
granted ; fetting forth their unity with my 
fervices and demeanor under this weighty 
engagement. But as no fuitable opportu- 
uity appeared likely to prefent for fome 


aoo T TT E JOURNAL o e 

time, I had leifure to look into, and care- 
fully to weigh an affair of great importance, 
which had by this time fo far prevailed 
on my attention, that I was afraid wholly 
to rejecl it, as I had a confiderable time 
done on its firft darting into my thoughts ; 
looking upon it almoil impradicable :o be 
brought about: which was, entering into 
a married ftate with my endeared friend 
Frances Wyatt, before^ inentioned. Al- 
though I never had any other objection to 
it, than our both being, as far as appeared 
then to me, fettled in our places; from 
which I thought it would be very uiifafe, 
without the beft counfel, to re-iiove. But 
that obje(5lion was wholly removed, by my 
way opening (as I thought) with great ciear- 
nefs, to fettle in England or; account of 
ray future fervice. I was deeply concerned 
in my mind to be rightly guided herein ; 
which was anfwered lo indifputably clear 
to my underftanding, that 1 could no longer 
helitate about it. The next thing was, 
fettling matters relative tliereunto with my 
faid friend ; that fo, if fhe found no objec- 
tion, our marriage might be accomplifned, 
if providence permitted, after my returning- 
home, fettling my affairs there, and remove-^ 
ing in order to fettle in this nation. J 
therefore laid the whole before her, as 
things relating thereunto had appealed to 
me, defiring her folid confi deration thereof, 
^d anfwer^ when flie was prepared to re- 


turn mc one. I found the fame powerful 
hand which had removed my objeAions^ 
was at work in her mind to remove hers 
alfo ; fo thaC fhe could not be eafy to put 
a negative vipon the propolal, as believing 
the thing was right, which was (till con- 
firming to me, We therefore in the fear, 
and, as we haJt caufe to believe, in the coun- 
fel of God, engaged with each other, in the 
relation we then flood, and to accomplifli 
our marriage, when way fhould be made by 
divine providence for the fame. We had no 
view's on either fide for worldly advancement: 
an anxioufnefs after which appeared to me 
immaterial, as I was fully perfuaded we 
were directed in our faid engagement, by 
the wifdom and counfel of him, who can 
give or take away outward bleffings at his 
pleafure. I therefore had not freedom, pre- 
vious to my engaging with her therein, to 
make any inquiry into her circumitances 
in the world. All which, however, with 
the fuperior bleffing of an affeilionate wife 
and true help-mate, I afterwards found 
agreeable and comfortable. Having, as 
above, paved the way to remove and fettle 
in England, and a good opportunity .pre- 
fenting of a fliip, in which feveral valuable 
friends intended to embark; I went on 
board the Speedwell, John Stevcnfon mafter, 
at Gravefend, the 8th of the 3d month, 
1750, in company with our friends Jonah 
Thompfon and Mary Wefton, who were 


202 The journal op 

going on a religious vilit to the churches in 
America. We had feveral friends on board, 
and many other pafTcngers, being fourteen 
or fifteen of us belonging to the cabin and 
ftate rooms. Some of them were bad peo- 
ple, whofe converfation proved very difa- 
gret able to us ; fo that we fpent much of 
cur time on the deck, night and day, except 
when we took our reft in fleep. Our de- 
parture was from the Start Point, the nth 
in the evening, being the laft land feen by 
us until we difeovered America. We had 
a fine gale of wind down the Englifh chan- 
nel, and a good fet off to fea by the fame ; 
but we often had fcant, and fometimes con- 
trary wunds afterwards, which made it ra- 
ther a flow palTage, though much quicker 
than fome have gone. The feventeenth of the 
4th month, Vv^e found ourfelves on the 
banks of Newfoundland, and in the midfl 
of near twenty fail of French fliips w^ho 
were fifhing there for cod. We fpoke wath 
one of them, who told us w^e had about 
twenty- five fathom water; whereupon the 
captain ordered the fliip to be brought 
to, that we might take fome frefia cod. 
This vv^as very agreeable to us all; they 
fucceeded fo well, that in about two hours, 
there* lay upon the deck twenty-four of the 
fineft cod fifli I ever faw. This proved an 
agreeable feaft to us for about one week; 
and altho' through mercy, we had very great 
plenty of proviiions; yet this was an ac- 


ceptable change. It was the jtb of the 
5th month, about three o'clock in the after- 
noon, when to our great joy we faw the 
land of America; and by founding, found 
ourfelves in about twenty-five fathom water, 
and entered the Capes of Delaware that 
night. We had a profperous gale up the 
bay and river, fo that I landed at Chefter in 
Pennfylvania, about eight miles from my 
own houfe, on the 7th of the 5th month 
about three o'clock in the afternoon, and 
got home that night; having been on board 
two months lacking one day, and from 
'home in the whole journey, two years, 
fcven months, and eight days; having tra- 
velled in that time by fea and land, I think 
on a moderate calculation, 11875 miles, 
and^ w^as at abovit 560 meetings. 1 had be- 
fore concluded, wdth divine permiffion, to 
return in the fame fhip, and left a large 
cheft of {lores on board. When difcharged 
of her loading, fhe was to fail for Mary- 
land, there to take in a cargo of tobacco, 
where I intended meeting her ; it being 
about feventy miles from my houfe. In a 
day or two after my arrival I went to Phi- 
ladelphia, where 1 found my friends gene- 
rally much alarmed, with news brougnt by 
le Iters in the Ihip I came over in (for they 
had not heard it befoi^e) of my mtentioa 
to return, to marry and fetile in Engl md. 
Many, I believe, being ignorant of the 
grounds and motives upon which i a fled 
D d therein, 

204 The JOURNAL or 

therein, judged concerning the fame from the 
ovitward appearance only; fuppofing that 
having found one I hked, I had let my mind 
out towards marrying, and made that the 
principal inducement of my removing. Had 
this been the cafe, I freely acknowledge 
that 1 {liould have deferved blame; as aching 
upon a very dangerous bottom to myfelf, 
and fetting an unfafe example for others to 
follow ; believing fome have fuftained great 
lofs, by inadvertent fteps of this kind, in 
their travels on truth's account. This was 
what I greatly feared in relation to my- 
felf, and therefore (as before hinted) durft 
not give way to the thoughts of entangling 
myfelf therein, until I had repeatedly (as 
I thought at lead) received clear evidence J 
in my mind, of its being my duty to re- ^ 
move into this nation for future fervice. 
I do therefore earneflly caution all, to be 
aware of taking any encouragement from 
my example herein, unlefs they have the 
fame evidence, and adl upon the fame bot- 
tom as I did agreeable to what is above- 
mentioned, and are well cJTured of divine 
direction, as I was. That I was rightly 
guided in my removal, has not only been 
fully confirmed to myfelf fince, but, I am 
perfuaded alfo, to many others : and even 
at that time, thofe who v/ere free enough 
to confer with me thereon, appeared to be 
well fatisiied, whom for their freedom and 
opennefs to me on that account, I looked 



upon to be fome of my bcft friends ; and 
as to others, I thought it my duty to bear 
with patience and meeknefs all they were 
pleafed to fay and conjecture, until time 
made manifeil who were in the right. 

I attended the yearly-meeting held at 
Burlington, for Pennfylvania and the Jer- 
feys, in the feventh month, wherein the 
Lord was gracioufly pleaicd to overfiiadow 
our large affemblies v^ith his heavenly 
power and prefence, to our great comfort 
and edification; having with joy to draw 
water out of the wells of falvation, and to 
offer the praife and humble thankfgiving to 
the alone fountain thereof, who is for ever 

Having fettled my affairs, and obtained 
a certificate of removal from the monthly 
meeting of Darby, in Chefter county, in 
Pennfylvania, to which I belonged, directed 
to the monthly-meeting of Witham in 
EfTex, Old England; myfelf and daughter 
f^t out from my ov/n houfe in Darby aiore- 
faid, accompanied by my lifter Mary (who 
fince my wife's deceafe, had been my good 
careful houfe-keeper) together with fevernl 
friends, the 12th of the 8th month, 1750, 
We travelled to Eafl Nottingham, b^ing 
about fixceen miles from the place where 
the' fliip lay in which I intended to em- 
bark. My filter and one of the friends 
ftaid v;ath us about a w.eek, and then took 
their folenin kave. My daughter and I 


2o6 The JOURNAL oi 

flaid thereabout until the 2d of the 9th 
month. 1 viiited fome meetirgs in the 
lie g ibourhood to good fatisfaclion, and 
was at many in Eail Nottingham, it being a 
very la g.^ meeting, and a zealous body of 
friends t^ien belonged thereto; amongft 
whom I had good fervice and great open- 
neis ; the precious unity of the one fpirit 
beirg livingly enjoyed, in which we took 
a fokmn farewel of one another. The 2d 
of the 9th month aforefaid we fet out, ac- 
compamed by divers of our worthy friends, 
and croiTed the great river Sufquehannah, 
taking our quarters at Jacob Giles's houfe 
within fight of the fliip; but were not or- 
dered on board until the 8th. We did not 
fail until the nth at noon. The unfkilful 
pilot ran us a-ground twice that afternoon, 
and caufed the poor failors hard labour 
and much fatigue, .which I was forry for. 
It was the 18th about two o'clock in the 
afternoon, before we got clear of Chefapeak 
bay; having then a fine wmd, we foon lofl 
fight of land. 

We had been at fea but about four days, 
w^hen he efpied a fail or two, vv^ho, by their 
motions, appeared very defirous to fpeak 
v/ith us, Avhich, at lenglh, one of them 
belonging to Rhode-Iiland effecled, inform- 
ing us, they were reduced to a ve^-y fmall 
quantity of provifions, and earnellly intreat- 
ing the mailer to afford* them, fome affiltT 
ance. He, to my grief and furprife, gave 



them a very fliort denial ; allegeing we 
were but newly come out to fea, and did 
not yet know what we might want our- 
felves. I was very much troubled in my 
mind at the hardnefs of his heart, and im- 
mediately ftepped up to him, and in as 
moving language as I was capable of, in- 
terceded for the poor fufferers. The firft 
mate being a man of a good difpofition, 
joined with me herein. We at length fb 
prevailed on the mafter, that he gave them, 
liberty ..^0 hoifl out their boat, and come 
on board us; telling them he would fee 
what could be done for them ; which, poor 
creatures, they gladly complied with ; the 
mafter of the fhip and four of his failors, 
being quickly on board of us. It was very 
alFedling, to behold want fo confpicuous in 
their faces, and to fee how greatly they re- 
joiced, with thankfulnefs, that kind pro- 
vidence had, in mercy, caft tis in their way, 
for their relief; in which I coCild heartily 
join with them; much rejoicing we had 
not inhumanly turned them off vvithout 
help. The mafter, (to give him his due,) 
did at la ft hand to them pretty liberally ; 
for which he charged what he thought pro-« 
per, and took that mafter's draught for the 
money, on his owner in London. I fpared 
them fome out of my private ftore, for 
which 1 wanted no other pay, than the 
fatlsfadlion of relieving their great wants ; 


2o8 The JOURNAL of 

being very glad I had been inftrumental 

The next day we had a great ftorm, and 
an exceeding high fea, fo that we could 
carry no fail, but faftened the heim and 
let the ihlp drive witherlbever the wind 
and waves would carry her: we were in- 
deed mightily tofTed ; but through divine 
favour, my mind was fweetly calm and 
comfortable, feeling his living prefencc 
who is God of the feas and the dry land, 
to be near. My heart was filled with the 
joy of his falvaticn, fo that I could fing 
and make melody therein to him ; in which 
I had confirming evidence, as I many times 
had under the fame precious enjoyment, 
both by fea and land after I left England, 
that my way and undertaking was approved 
of the Lord, and w^ould be blelTed and 
profpered by him ; which yielded more com- 
fort to my mind, than any thing in this 
world could do. The fevereH part of the 
ftorm lalled but about twelve hours; and 
altho' we had two confiderable ftorms after- 
wards, yet for the moft part, it was a ready 
good paifage. On the 17th of the lotli month 
in the morning, we founded, and in fixty- 
nine fathom v/ater we found ground. The 
fame morning about ten o'clock, we had the 
very agreeable f ght of England. Next day, 
the wind being againd us, we made but lit- 
tle advantage of failing. The nineteenth 
about eight o'clock at night, we came to 



au anchor in Falmouth harbour. Going on 
lliore next day, we went to an inn in the 
town. Oiir kind hofpi table friend Jofeph 
Tregellis, came and invited us to his houfe^ 
where we had generous entertainment 
whilft we were at that place. I was feve- 
ral times at their meetings, both at Fal- 
mouth and Penryn, and had opennefs and 
good fatisfadlion. My worthy friends of 
that town, Andrew Hingeflon and his wife, 
and daughter, were afFedlionately kind to 
me, which I cannot well avoid mentioning, 
out of a grateful fenfe I retain thereof, as 
we were entire fcrangers ; for I had not been 
that way when in England before. 

Having been detained there about a week, 
we put out to fea again, in order to proceed 
to London, whither we w^ere bound. The 
- fecond-day of our being out, towards even- 
f ing, as we were failing within about a league 
and half of Dover, a boat from thence came 
on board for letters. The wind then not 
being fair to go up the River Thames, we 
went with thern to Dover, and next day to 
Gravefend, where croffing the water at 
Grays in Eifex, I proceeded from thence to 

My dear friend Frances V/yatt and I, 
after proceeding according to the good 
order of friends, accomplilhed our mar- 
riage with each other, at a large meeting 
of friends and others in Chehnsford meet- 
ing- houfe, the 14th day of the then ift 


2IO Thk journal of 

month, 1 750- 1, in the fwcet and fenfible en- 
joyment of his prefence, who faw in the be- 
ginning, it was not good for man to be, 
alone; and therefore he did, in great kind- 
nefs, provide an help-mate to be with him, 
who was bone of his bone, and flefli of his 
fleih. It is therefore faid, they fhall be 
no more twain, but one flefli. The Lord 
then joined the man and his wife together. 
Happy would it have been for mankind, 
had they never fought, nor found out any- 
other way of joining in that relation fince. 
But as the fons (or worfliippers) of the true 
God, formerly looked upon the daughters 
of men, with an eye that tendeth to prevert 
this ordinance, making it only aniwer the 
bafe ends of carnal delire; following the 
dictates of their own evil heart, infl:ead of 
the counfel of God, in this great undertak- 
ing ; ib it is evidently the cafe at this 
day with too many. It is alfo often not 
fo much what the woman or man is, as 
what worldly fubflance they have. Where 
there is plenty of that, many real defedls, 
with refpedl to thofe qualifications and en- 
dowments eflfehtial to real happinefs ivx a 
married flate, are over- looked. Thus, oy 
man's ignorantly and prefumptuoully taking 
upon him the guidance and government of 
himfelf, infligated thereunto by the fubtilty 
of Satan; thofe outward accomodations, 
which were by divine providence intended 
as bleilings, become quite the reverfe. To 



prevent fucli unhappy confequences to young 
people and others, I know of no advice bet- 
ter adapted for their fafety and prefervation, 
than that of our Lord's, viz. " Seek ye firll 
'' the kingdonn of God, and his righteouf- 
*^ nefs, and all thefe things fhall be added 
*' unto you." Thofe who have happily, by 
feeking, found this kingdom, and live 
therein, which conlifteth in righteoufnels, 
peace, and joy in the Holy Ghoft, have great 
advantage, even in outward things, above 
all others; as the bleffing of God, which 
maketh truly rich, attends all their worldly 
affairs. They enjoy what appertains to this 
life with a proper relifh. '' BlelTed are the 
*' meek, for they fliall inherit the earth," 
Mat. v. 5. As it is man's duty and fafety 
to feek the Lord's counfel and bleffing ; fo 
it is truly honourable amongfl: men : for 
this, Jabez was faid to be more honourable 
than his brethren; for he called on the God 
of Ifrael, faying, " Oh, that thou wouldeil: 
" blefs me indeed, and enhugj my coair, 
** and that thine hand might be with me, 
'' and that thou wonldefl keep me froin 
^' evil, that it may not grieve me!" And 
God granted him that which he requefled. 
Let me conclude this oblervation with ten- 
der advice and caution to all whom it may 
concern, into whofe hands this may come, 
to be avrare they do not fall into that dan- 
gerous fhare of fuppofing, as marriage is 
an outward affair, they need coaiult nothing 

E e further 

212 The journal of 

further therein than their own inclination^ 
and their own reafon; it is faid, " Woe to 
*' the rebellious children, that alk counfel, 
*' but not of me, faith the Lord." And 
Chrift is called, Wonderful, Counfellor, as 
Vsrell as a miglity God. Now as marriage 
is allowed to be the mod important affair 
in this life, and may tend greatly either to 
promote our happinefs or mifery in the 
next; if we have no occafion to feek the 
Lord's counfel herein, in what are we to 
expecl or defire it? Abraham's fervant, 
when he was only engaged about procure^ 
ing a wife for his younger mafter Ifaac, with 
great earneftnefs fought the Lord's guidance 
and blefling therein, and obtained it in a 
rem.arkable manner. What (fay fome) are 
we to look for, or to expecl a revelation in 
fuch cafes? We muft defire the Lord to 
guide and direct our fteps in this, and all 
other affairs of confequence in relation to 
this life, or we fhall certainly mifs our way. 
But this we cannot clearly underftand, un- 
til the man's part is reduced in us, and 
we fee what we are without God, that we 
may find occafion to pray without ceafing, 
and in every thing to give thankst Then 
the conflant cry will be, Guide me with 
thy counfel. When this is, with great 
iincerity, the flate of the mind, we cannot 
mifs our way ; becaufe divine protedlion is 
CYcr prcfent, although we do not always 
fee it, no more' than the prophet's fervant 



did, until his eyes were opened ^. The 
great thing is, to have a fmgle eye, that 
whatever we do, ' may be done to the glory 
of God. When this is the cafe, we lay, 
if this or that be not agreeable to thy will, 

God, thou haft all power in thine hand ; 
do thou, by thy over-ruling providence, 
direcT: me according to thy bleffed will. 
The Lord will keep fuch in all their ways, 
and be their fure defence. 

We fettled together after marriage, at 
Chelmsford in the county of Eilex, where 

1 enjoyed great fatisfadlion and comfort in 
an afFeclionate wife. Yet fuch I found 
the low and almoft defolate fituation of 
our fociety in the faid county ; efpecially 
in relation to good order and that difciplinc 
eftabliflied amongft us, by the power, and 
in the wifdom of truth, as a hedge to*de- 
fend and preferve from hurtful thingSy/that 
it gave me much painful concern of "mind. 
The difference appearing fo very great, as I 
had before reiided where difcipline in the 
general was well maintained. I could not 
difcover, either by their books or inqillry, 
that the unfaithful or diforderly v/alkers 
had (a few inftances excepted) been for 
many years regularly dealt with, and their 
mifcondudl cenfured, either by monthly or 
quarterly meetings. I diligently attended 
thofe meetings, but my fpiric,. v/as greatly 
diitreired therein, as the members feemecl 
to move and acl in another element (as I 


214 The JOURNAL of 

may fay) than that I had been accuftomed 
to, in managing the weighty affairs of the 
church. The firft thing of importance 
that laid hold of my mind, as wanting to 
be reformed, was rehiting to women's meet- 
ings; there being no fuch held quarterly, 
nor at but few of the monthly meetings ; 
and where there was any thing of that nature 
it was of little or no fervice, in the manner 
then held. Having therefore the advices 
and directions of the yearly-meeting, rela- 
ting to women's meetings, I requefted li- 
berty of the quarterly-meeting to read the 
lame therein, wnich I did, making fuch 
remarks thereon, as appeared to me then 
jieceifary. At the fame time I propofed, 
that the meeting fhould take that weighty 
affair, of ellablilhing women's quarterly and 
monthly meetings, agreeable to the repeat- 
ed preffing advices of the yearly-meeting, 
into Iblid confideration ; and if it was 
thought proper, that a few friends might 
be appointed to form fome general direc- 
tions for the affiflance of our women friends, 
pointing out to them (as for want of oppor- 
tunity, they were pretty much ftrangers 
thereunto) ho^ fuch meetings are to be 
conduced, and the part of church difci- 
pline that properly comes under their no- 
tice, and requires the management of the 
women. All which was agreed to, and 
minuted. The propofed dirc6tions were pre- 
pared by the friends appointed, brought to 



die next quarterly-meeting, and there agreed 
to. The women having previous notice, 
withdrew at the clofe of the meeting of 
worfhip, into an apartment, to receive 
what we had to lay before them, and una- 
nimoufly agreed thereunto. A quarterly 
pieeting of women friends being then efta- 
bliflied, preffing advice was fent by minute, 
to monthly meetings, that they ftiouKi en- 
courage and eftablilli women's meetings 
amongft them alfo, which was complied 
with. And although our women friends, 
for want of being brought up by their an- 
ceftors in the management of the difci- 
pline, might be rather unexperienced at 
firll, yet I am well afTured, this ftep tended 
much to enlarge our meetings, and to make 
them more lively ; opening the way of fin- 
cere travellers to a fuller enjoyment of 
fpiritual good, wherein alone is our ability 
for every good word and work. Some few, 
from a right fenfe of the importance of the 
work, joined me in an earned labour for a 
general reformation, and as we felt the 
weight of things upon our minds, we gave 
up to vifit monthly-meetings, to help the 
weak, and to move forward the wheels 
of difcipline, which, efpecially at the firft, 
moved very heavily ; for although we had 
many in the county under our profeilion, 
yet few of them had their hand^ clean e- 
nough to handle the afiairs of the church; 
many being, as it were, crippled widi uiv- 


2i6 The JOURNAL of 

faitiifulnefs, efpecially in their mean and 
cowardly compliance with the anti-chrii- 
tian demand of tyclies, and things of that 
I nature, which of itfelf unfits for fervice 
amoii^it us; for I never faw much, if any, 
true living zeal for the caufe of God, in 
thofe who have fallen into this defedlion. 
Oh! the darknefs and caufe of tumbling it 
has occafioned in this poor county, and in 
other places where it hath prevailed. Wc 
found ourfelves concerned, repeatedly to 
vifit fuch in their families, labouring in 
Chriftian love, to bring them into a kni^t 
of the inconliitency of their condvict with 
their profeffion therein ; which labour, 
though prevalent with fome, hath been no 
other wife fuccefsful in general, than the 
difcharge of that duty, which one mem- 
ber of a religious community owes to ano- 
ther; and by bringing the judgment of 
truth in fome degree *bver them, they be- 
came more diftinguilhed from the faithful. 
We had great peace in this labour, though 
hard and unpleafant, as we found them 
dark and difficult to be reached unto, a few 
excepted. However, thcfe endeavours great- 
ly tended to exalt truth's teftimony, for 
which our worthy predecefFors deeply fuf- 
fered. In procefs of time, through the 
bleffed affiflance of our holy head, en- 
gaging a fmall remnant to labour in the 
monthly and quarterly-meetings for a re- 
formation, good order hath been much pro- 


moted, and our Chriftian difcipline, in its 
feveral branches, has been in a good degree 
put in pradice; and fome came to under- 
ftand, it is neceffary to receive wifdom and 
flrength from God, for the maintaining 
that work. So that although things, in 
that refpecft, through the unfoundnefs and 
lukewarmnefs of many profeflfors, are now- 
low, yet the Lord continues to be gracious, 
in affording us the bleffed affiftance of his 
holy fpirit, both in our meetings for divine 
worfhip, and thofe for difcipline ; whereby 
fome are enabled in meeknefs to labour for 
the maintaining his caufe, notwithftanding 
the difcouragement they meet with, not only 
from a view of the languid (late of the io- 
ciety in general, but alfo from the brittle 
jealous fpirits of fome. Having laboured 
in our own county, according to ability 
received of God (for without his divine affift- 
ance, I have, by long experience, known 
I could do nothing) I attended the yearly- 
meetings in London as they fell in courfe, 
therein to join with the fincere travellers 
for Sion's profperity, in the important care 
of truth's affairs throughout the world. 
This weighty engagement coming more 
upon fome of us than heretofore, as many 
of the elders and faithful labourers were re- 
moved to rheir reft. Our valuable friends 
John Churchman and William Brov/n from 
Pennfyivaaia, were at feveral of the firft 
yearly- meetings after my fettling in this 


2i8 The JOURNAL of 

nation. They laboured in thefe nations^ 
in the fervice of truth, near four years, 
having left affedlionate wives and children 
for truth's fake. Such noble difinterefted 
endeavours, without any view towards tem- 
poral intereft, is a very great mydery to the 
worldly wife. The above named friends 
were great and good inftruments in the 
Lord's hand, not only at the yearly- meet- 
ings, but alfo in their travels up and down, 
for the promotion of difcipline and good 
order in the churches ; though not without 
confiderable oppofition from fome, who, 
under pretence of a(5ling for the* good of 
the fociety, were in reality advocates for 
undue liberty. Notwithflanding fome fuch 
difficulties, the Lord hath greatly ftrength- 
ened the hands of his pained ones for Sion's 
welfare, and blelTed his work to the pro- 
moting of good order, as the likelieil means 
of reviving ancient beauty and comelinefs ; 
there having been great ftirrings, and much 
Jabour of late years, to bring the feveral 
members of the fociety into the holy order 
of the gofpel. May the Lord yet continue 
the bleffing of wifdom and Urength, that 
the work may be carried on, to the praife 
of his worthy name and the prefervation 
of his people, is the earneft prayer of my 
foul J 

I fet out the i6th of the 6th month, 1751, 
intending to take fome meetings in my 
way to the circular yearly-meeting fbr 



the weftern counties, to be held at Broomf^ 
grove in Worcefterlhire, and from thence 
to vifit the meetings of friends in Wales, 
I firft went to the burial of a friend at Steb- 
bing, and proceeded through Walden, Cam- 
bridge, and Huntingron, to Wellingbo- 
rough in Northamptonlhire ; and attended 
both their meetings on a firft-day ; having 
clofe earneft labour, in a fenfe of great 
dullnefs, and much infenfibility prevaihng 
on many profeffors. My fpirit was greatly- 
burdened therewith ; bitt the Lord was 
pleafed to arife, and difpel the darknefs in 
a good degree, giving me thorough fervice, 
efpecially in the afternoon ; I hope not eafily 
to be forgot. I went away greatly relieved^ 
and had a meeting at Coventry, which was 
heavy and laborious, though I was, through 
divine favour, enabled to wade through to 
mine own eafe, in a good degree; I had a 
good open meeting that evening at Nun- 
Eaton; there being but one family of 
friends in the town, but a large number of 
others were at the meeting ; divers#of whom 
feemed pretty much affedled with the tefti- 
mony of truth. I had a clofe exerciiing 
meeting the next day at Atherftone, where 
things were very low, yet truth arofe and 
opened do(5lrine for their help. I had a 
meeting that evening at Polefworth, which 
was open and comfortable. From thence 
I went to Woolverhampton, 'where I had 
a fmall meeting, things being very low^ 

F f . After 

220 The JOUPvNAL of 

After which I went to Colebrook Dale^ 
where I had a meeting, and clofe thorough 
fervice, tending to ftir up friends to dih- 
gence, as well as to encourage the upright- 
hearted. I went from thence to Shrewf- 
bury : the number of profelfors there was 
very fmalj, and the Hfe of rchgion very 
much- deprefTed, not only by the lukewarm- 
nels of fbme, but alfo by a blafting, windy, 
lifelefs mini (try, which they had long iat 
under; doubtiefs, to the great uneafinefs 
of the few fenfible amongft them. I had 
a painful fenfe of the great hurt thereof 
in that meeting, being concerned to fit the 
v^hole meeting through in filence, I be- 
lieve, as an example to friends, and rebuke 
to that forward unfan6lified fpirit: the 
fame foon after was made manifeft to both 
friends and others, to be very corrupt, and 
was defervedly teftified againfl by the 
monthly-meeting. I have divers times, in 
.my travels, perceived great hurt to the pro- 
fperity of truth, by fuch unfancftified pre- 
tenders to a divine commiffion, intruding 
thqmfelves int6 the miniftry ; but always 
have apprehended them a bad fort of people 
to deal with by advice and caution, as th^y 
are commonly very pofitive and felf- willed; 
being Iddom, in this declined ftate of the 
church, without a party, who had rather 
have almoft any kind of miniftry than 
filence; which makes it much more difficult 
for thole who have a right fenfe of their 



fpirits, to bring the judgment of truth over 
fuch; as thofe above-mentioned are apt 'to 
fcreen them, and cover their heads, unlets 
they manifefl themfeWes, w^hich hath in the 
end frequently happened, by their being 
guilty of fome mimoral condu6l. I went af- 
ter meeting to vifit two friends, who had been 
imprifoned there a confiderable time for 
refuling to pay tythes. As foon as I had 
entered the place of their confinement, I 
feniibly felt the Son of peace was there. My 
mind being brought into great nearnefs, 
unity, and- Chriftian fympathy with them 
in their fuifering ftate, which 'they appear- 
ed to bear witii chearfulnefs, and true re- 
fignation to the divine will. The fenfc of 
the great importance of that teffimony they 
"were concerned to maintain, by fuflering 
for it, and what our worthy predeceiTors 
we jt through, in nafty (linking prifons and 
dungeons, where many of them ended their 
days in fupport thereof, who may be very 
juttly numbered amongft the faithful mar- 
tyrs of Jefus Chrift, overcame my mind 
with tendernefs to that degree, that I could 
not prefently difcourfe with them about 
their fufFerings. We had a blefTed oppor- 
tunity together, and took our leave of each 
other, in' the fweet enjoyment of the pure 
love of God. Oh, how much more joyous 
and refrefliing it- is to viht fuch faithful 
fufferers, than to vifit carnal profelFors of 
the fame truth, who violate that precious 


%zz The JOURNAL of 

teftimony, by voluntary putting into the 
priefts mouths, left they ihould prepare 
war againft them, making religion bow 
down to their fuppofed temporal' intereft, 
thereby not only declaring themfelves mere 
pretenders thereunto, but alfo increafing the 
Juiterings of thofe under the lame profeffion 
wno dare not temporise! I returned from 
thence to Colebrook Dale, where I had a hard 
trying meeting held in filence ; and went 
to Bumingham, where 1 had divers times 
been beiore, and generally had painful la* 
borious meetings ; but now it pleafed divine 
goodnefs to favour with opennefs and good 
auri.ority, to declare the truth largely; I 
beheve to the Itirring up of the carelefs, at 
leaft to a prefent lenfe of their duties ; as 
well as to the comfort and edification of the 
honelt-hearted, to my own peace and great 
relief. From this place I went to Broomf- 
grove, in order to attend the yearly-meet- 
ing before- mentioned, which begail on firft- 
day, the ift of the 7th month, being held 
in a barn, fitted up by friends for that pur- 
pofe: it ended the third-day following; 
many miniltring friends attended it, fome 
of whom were largely opened by the power 
and wifdom of truth, to publilh the gof- 
pel tidings with clearnefs and good demon- 
"ftration. The people, though numerous, 
biding generally very ftill and attentive, 
appeared to receive the teftimony of truth 
with pleafure, and things were in the main 



well condudled. Here my friend John 
Bradford joined me as a companion. We 
had a large meeting at Worceller on fourth- 
day, in v\liich truth had comfortable domi- 
nion, efpecially near the concluiion, to the 
great fatisfadlion and joy of many hearts. 
Blelfed be the Lord our God, for his con- 
tinued favours to his people ! On the iifth- 
day we had a fmall poor meeting at Broom- 
yard in HerefordlTiire ; things being very 
low in that place, as to truth and friends. 
On fixth-day we had a meeting at Leomin- 
fter; the fore part was very cloudy and 
painful, yet by the gracious fpringing up 
of light and life, I got through my fervice 
therein to good fatisfac5lion. The next day, 
being the feventh of the week, I went to 
my dear mother's in Radnorfliire. On 
firft-day, the neighbours being apprized of 
my being come, flocked to the Pales meet- 
ing in abundance. The Lord was pleafed 
to favour me with a large open time, to 
declare his everlafting truth amongft them, 
with which they appeared to be much af- 
feded. I had fuch another opportunity 
with friends and many others, at Talcoyd, 
near my mother's houfe. They feemed 
greatly afFedled with the virtue of truth; 
but I doubt they flumble at the crofs. On 
fecond-day we had a meeting at a place cal- 
led the Coom, about fix miles from my 
mother's, pretty open and comfortable. 
On fourth-day, the i ith, I took leave of my 


224 The JOURNAL of 

worthy affectionate mother, relations and 
friends thereabout, having my brother Ben- 
jamin for our guide over the bleak moun- 
tanis into Carojganfliire. The wind blew 
hard and it rained, but through mercy we 
received very licde harm thereby. Next 
day we had a linall poor meeting at one 
Evans's^ religion being at a very low ebb 
in that place; my chief bufinefs, as far as 
I could iee, was to detedl a vile impoilor, 
who had, by a feigned and hypocritical 
Ihew, got the advantage of the weaknefs 
and credulity of friends there. I never had 
feen him before, that I know of, but my 
fpirit was exceedingly burdened ' with his 
deceitful groanings and feigned ag-tation 
in the meeting, and was then fatisiied his 
fpirit was very foul and corrupt, as it was 
like a nuifance to me all the time. I warn- 
ed friends to be aware of him ; and to keep 
him at a dillance; but they feemed willnig 
to hope that there was fome good in him, 
as he appeared fo much concerned in meet- 
ings, &c, fo I faw whereabout they who 
pleaded thus were themfelves, as they 
feemed taken with, and rather to approve 
of what was fo very offeniive and even 
odious to me in that meeting, viz. his 
pretended exercife therein. But if people 
will lay hold fuddenly on fuch, they mufl 
partake with them in their fins ; for this 
mail difcovered himfelf to be very bad, by 
being guilty of grois wickednefs, I think 



the meeting was held m filence. After 
which, we went to a place called Penbank 
in Carmarthenfhire, where a meeting was 
held next day to pretty good fatisfaftion, 
being favoured with matter and utterance 
for their help; though things appeared low; 
the fame day in the evening I had a very 
poor afilicting meeting at Penplace; great 
llacknefs and weaknefs appeared in the few 
proferfbrs there. We were quite filent as 
to public miniflry., ' We went from thence 
to Carmarthen, and attended their meet- 
ings on a firft-day; had good open fervice 
therein, efpecialiy in the afternoon, many 
of the neighbours coming in : the teftimony 
of truth went forth freely and largely a- 
mongft them, with which they appeared to 
be much reached and affecfted; and might, 
I hope, tend to remove a prejudice they had 
imbibed, from the mifcondu6l of one or 
more, of high pretenfions lately in that 
place, but then removed. We had a meet- 
ing on fecond-day in the evening, at Laugh- 
arn, where very few, if any, properly of 
our fociety, refided; many of the neigh- 
bours came in; we had a good opportunity 
amongft them, in the free extendings of 
gofpel love; the dodlrine whereof feemed to 
have a confiderable reach upon them. On 
third-day we had a meeting amongft a few 
profeffbrs at James-town; it being -their 
harvell time, they feemed more concerned 
about their corn than religion; feveral rufli- 


226 The JOURNAL of 

ing out, in a diforderly manner, to take 
care of that, as there was feme appearance 
of rain. It was with much difficulty we 
procured a guide to Haverfordweft. At 
length we prevailed on a young woman, 
who feemed to have the moft lively fenie of 
religion of any amongft them. Having a 
large ferry to crofs over Milford Haven, by 
fuch diiEculties we were fo hindered, as 
not to reach the aforefaid place, until about 
an hour after the time appointed for the 
meeting, to our great uneafinefs. This 
meeting was, for the moft part, held in 
filence; yet near the conclufion, I had fome 
things given me to deliver, with confidera- 
ble weight and gofpel authority. I went 
next to Redftone, where the meeting was 
fmall, yet open and comfortable. From 
thence we travelled to Carmarthen, and next 
day to Swanfey, about thirty miles, being 
a very rough open road; the day very 
ftormy, fo that we were exceedingly wet. 
Great care was taken of us, when we got 
to our friend Paul Bevan's houfe, fo that, 
through mercy, we received but very little 
harm. On firft-day, being the 2 2d, we 
attended their meetings : that in the fore- 
noon was held in a lilent labour. In the 
afternoon I had a clofe fearching teftimony 
to bear, tending to ftlr up and roufe friends 
to more zeal and fervor of mind; and was 
favoured to get through to fatisfaclion. 
On third-day we had a poor fmall meet- 


fng amongft a few friends at Freeveraque. 
I had nothing to admuiifter, but an example 
offilence. We went after meeting to Pon- 
typool, and next day had a precious open 
meeting there. The teftimony of trach 
going forth with good authority and clear- 
nefs, was exaked, and the upright in heart 
Were fweetly comforted in the enjoyment 
of the Lord's prefence, returning him the 
praife, who is worthy forever! On fixth- 
day, the 27th, we croffed the Severn at the 
New-PaflTage, and went that night to the 
widow Young's at Earthcott; had a hard 
trying meeting there next day ; after which 
we went to Briftol, and on firft-day the 
29th, we attended three meetings there; 
the two firfl were held in a painful dillref- 
fing filence, and the laft alfo, except a few 
words near the breaking up of the meet- 
ing. This was the firfl of my vifiting that 
city, and a time not eafily to be forgot by 
me. It was indeed a feaiba of fore mourn- 
ing and lamentation, in a fenfe of their 
great declenfion. But very little to be {cen 
or felt of that plainnefs, pure fimplicity, 
humility, and contempt of the world, fo 
confpicuous in their wortliy predeceilbrs, 
who tramj»led upon the glory of this world, 
counting all as drofs and dang, in compa- 
riibn of the liniles of the Lord's counte- 
nance, and being cloaihcd with the beauti- 
ful garment of his falvation. Oh, how vi^as 
the choi^ell vine planteci, made to fpread, 
G g and 

228 The JOURNAL of 

and mightily to profper, through great 
Ihfferings and perfecntion, in that city, in 
early times; futlkiently, one would think, 
to have deeply eftabliflied the permanency 
thereof, and to have recommended its fu- 
perior dignity and excellency to many ge- 
nerations! May not that of the apoftle to 
the Galatians, be juftly applied to them r 
viz. " O fooiifli Galatians! who hath be- 
*' v^itched you, that you fliould not obey 
*' the truth? Before whofe eyes Jefus Chrift 
*' hath been evidently fet forth, &c. Are 
*' ye fo foolifh, having begun in the fpirit, 
'' are ye now made perfect by the flefh?'* 
I parted with my companion at Briftol, 
!and turned my face homewards, taking 
meetings in my way to London, at French- 
hay, Corfliam, Chippenham, Cain, and Read- 
ing; in all which I, had confiderable open- 
nels, largely, and with good authority, to 
publifli the docftrine of truth, to mine own 
peace, and I hope to the comfort and help 
of many ; though in fome places my fpirit 
was much pained with a {Qn{h of prevail- 
ing indifference and lukewarmnefs, in this 
day of eafe and outward plenty; On feventh- 
day, the 5th of the 8th month, I got to 
London, and (laid their meetings on firft- 
day. After which I returned home, and 
found my dear wife and family well, to 
our mutuiil comfort; being thankful to the 
kind hand of providence, whofe o;oodnefs 
attends thole who truft in him, both in 



heights and depths ; takuig care of their 
bodies, fouls, and thofe oat ward benefits he 
hath bountifully favoured them with; af- 
fording real comfort therein, witli his blef- 
fing, which maketh truly rich, and adds 
no forrow with it. I was out this journey 
about eight weeks, and travelled about 740 
miles, having been at about forty meetings. 

I have preferved very little or no account 
of fhort journies and fervice in this and 
the adjacent counties; in which, however, 
I was divers times engaged to labour, both 
at quarterly and other meetings, for the re- 
viving ancient zeal and diligence. But, alas! 
the inordinate love of worldly enjoyments, 
good in themfelves, covers the minds of 
many profeflbrs, like thick clay, who are 
exceeding hard to be made fenfible of the 
chiefeft good, fo that I have often feared 
fome of them will not hear, until the 
Lord is provoked to fpeak, with a louder 
voice, in judgment, which they will not- 
be able to tarn afide from, or any way to fliun. 
Many in our fociety, as in others, having 
departed from the life, reft fitisfied in a 
profefTion of religion: fome alfo have de- 
parted from the power and form too, in a 
great degree; neither appearing one thing 
nor another. Could they fee themfelves 
as judicious perfons fee them, (liame and 
confufion of face would cover them. 

The next confiderable journey I have any 
account of, was entered upon the 27th of 



tlie 8th month, 1753, in order to vifit 
friencis in fome parts of YorklTiire, Lanca- 
illire, Weftmoreiand, &c. I nriet fome 
fr e ids at Wakien, who with myfelf were 
a;) pointed by the quarterly-meeting to vific 
t )at monthly meeting for their help. I 
vas largely opened in the meeting of wor- 
fliip, . to fet forth the beauty, order, and 
excellent harmony of the feveral members 
in the church of Chrift ; and. truth had 
confiderable dominion therein, to our great; 
comfort, as it prepared our fpirits for clofe 
and painful labour with wrong fpirits in the 
meeting of bulinefs, who had the boldnefs 
to plead the payment of tythes to be juf^ 
tifiable, becaufe required by the laws of 
the land; not confidering the grofs abfur- 
dity of making human laws to be preferred 
before the laws of Chrift, however contrary 
thereto, and enjoined as an abiblute rule for 
Chriftians; unlefs they fuppofe it impoffi- 
ble that any human laws can be made con- 
trary to Chrift's laws, which is equally abfurd; 
as well as that fuch an opinion tends to invali- 
date the great lufferings, and martyrdom of 
all thofe, who gave up every thing they had 
in this world, and even their lives, rather 
than a'dlively comply with the laws of the 
land, when they believed them inconfiftent 
with the nature of Chriftianity, and therefore 
a tranigreiiiou of God's law. But the ground 
of that milapprchenfion, which fuch reafon- 
ers i'lill into, appears to be upon a pre- 




fumption, that the fource of property is 
in the law, viz. that the laws of the land 
can alienate the right of one, without ren- 
dering him any equivalent, and give it to 
another, who had no right therein before: 
whereas right and wrong are immutable, 
and cannot be altered by human laws, 
which only grant people aid to preferve 
and recover that which of right appears to 
belong to them ; fo that human laws cannot 
bind the confciences, any further than they 
are confident with the laws of God. When 
a fincere Chriftian is perfuaded they enjoin 
any thing contrary to the perfecfl law of 
liberty in his own mind, he may not ac- 
tively refill:, but pafTively fufiTer the penalty 
thereof, whereby he faithfully bears his 
teftimony againfl the iniquity of fuch a 
law, and fo far contributes to have it 
removed. Now paying tythes under the 
gofpel, being an antichriilian, popifli error, 
the laws enjoining their payment being 
grounded upon a fuppofition, that they are 
due to God and holy church ; how then 
can atiy clearly enlightened perfon pay them 
in any Ihape, as he thereby alTents to that 
great error, and contributes to fapport it, 
to the great fcandal and abufe of the Chrif- 
tian religion, and that noble, free, difin- 
tereited miniitry, inllituted by our Lord 
and Saviour Jefus Chrift; whofe direftion 
in that cafe is, *^ Freely ye have received, 
" freely give?" Much more might be faid 


232 The JOURNAL of 

to manifeft the abfardity of fuch a plea for 
the payment of tythes ; but that I would 
not be -tedious, hoping there are not many 
amongil us fo blinded by the God of this 
world, as to adopt fuch an argument. 
Truth prevailed in the meeting, and the 
teftirnony thereof was exalted over all fuch 
fpirits. Praifes to our God for his gracious . 
alliftance, mercifully afforded to all thofe 
■who put their truft in him alone ! I pro- 
ceeded on my journey, and had meetings 
at Godmanchefter, Oakham, and Leicefter; 
I had clofe fearching labour, in order that 
carelefs, lukewarm profeffors might be ftir- 
red up, and awakened to a fenfe of their 
ftates. The teftirnony of truth alfo, flow- 
ing forth at times, as a refreftiing ftream of 
encouragement to the mourners in Sion, 
and fincere travellers thitherwards. From 
thence I went to Nottingham, and had a 
meeting; the Lord graciouily favouring 
with wifdom and utterance, to divide the 
word aright to the ieveral ftates of thofe 
prefent. Truth greatly prevailed, overfha- 
dowing the meeting to the rejoicing of tnany 
hearts. Next day 1 had a fmall meeting 
at Furnefs in Derbyftiire, wherein I had 
clofe labour with indolent profeffors, who, 
negledling their own proper bufinefs, were 
too much depending upon the labours of 
others, to their great lofs, as well as, that 
fuch unwarrantable dependance greatly tend- 
ed to load and deprefs the life in thofe con- 


cerned, making their exercifes much the 
greater. The next meeting I had was at 
Matlock, which was large; the greateft 
part were people of other perfuafions ; it 
was, through the blefled eflicacy of the 
word of life, an open good time, and the 
doctrines of truth were largely declared ; 
ihewing, that the world by wifdom knows 
not God, as well as how and to whom he 
is pleafed to make himfelf known. The 
meeting was generally pretty much affedled 
with the virtue of truth, which was emi- 
nently extended that day, and I hope would 
not be eafily forgot by many. I went from 
thence to SheiEeld, and attended their meet- 
ings on firft-day, which were large. In the 
morning my fpirit was deeply baptized into 
painful fenfe of the empty formal ftate of 
fome, as alfo the undue liberties of many 
others. I was made willing and refigned 
to go down into fufferings on their ac- 
count; that if it pleafed the Lord, I 
might be the better qualified to adminifter 
effedually to their feveral ftates, as experi- 
ence hath taught me repeatedly, that I could 
not fpeak feelingly to mankind for their 
help and recovery, any other way. x\t the 
afternoon meeting I was largely concerned 
to lay their feveral ftates open before them ; 
it was a bleffed and feafonable opportunity, 
tending much to their avv^akening to a {qpSq 
of duty, and I think it may, with thank- 
fulnefs, be faid, truth was oyer all. The 



next meeting I had was at Highflats, which 
was large, there being a numerous body 
of plain friends, as to the outward appear- 
ance, belonging thereunto. It was a labo- 
rious meeting, bu.t through divine favour, 
there was flrengdi afforded^ to lay before 
them in a dole preffing manner, the great 
danger of reding contented in a decent form 
of religion without the life and power 
thereof. I hope it was a profitable time to 
many. I went from thence to Brighoufe 
meeting, wherein matter and utterance were 
given, tending to roufe the indolent, and 
to encourage the truly concerned for truth's 
profperity. The next meeting was at Rau- 
den, which was very large and open, and the 
teflimony of truth had great dominion. I 
had a pretty open meeting next day at 
Bradford; after which I went to vilit a 
friend who was very low and weak in 
body, few expedling her recovery. I felt 
the pure virtue of the holy anointing with 
her, and had it given mc to fignify, that I 
did beUeve the Lord v;ould raife her up for 
further fervice, which accordingly caine to 
pafs. I went from thence to Leeds, and 
attended their meetings on firft-day. In 
the forenoon the teftimony of truth was 
greatly exalted, in fetting forth the power 
and efficacy of living faith : it was a glori- 
ous time, truth being over all. In the 
afternoon, it was thought feveral hundreds 
attended, moftly of the people called metho- 




difts. I was quite fhut up as to minifliy, 
I thought, in order to fet an example of the 
important duty of filence to friends and 
others. The meeting concluded with an 
awful folemnity, which I hope was profit- 
able to many. I went from thence to Skip- 
ton, where the meeting was large, and the 
power of God's eternal truth went forth 
in a fearching awakening teftimony, as well 
as in a refrefhing ftream of confolation to 
thofe who flood in need of encouragement 
in their travels towards the city of God. 
I hope it was a profitable time to many. I 
had a fmall meeting next day at Airton ; it 
was a heavy painful time of filence in the 
fore part ; but the Lord was pleafed to ap- 
pear, and afford ability to fearch fome bar- 
ren profeffors, by opening their ftates to 
them, with which they feemed fomewhac 
affected ; but alas ! how hard it is to reach 
efFedlually unto thofe v/ho are fettled as 
upon their lees, living in a ftate of mind 
that can refl fatisfied in an empty profeffion. 
Next day I had a pretty large meeting at 
Settle: there I found the life of religion 
much deprelTed with an earthly formal 
fpirit ; but through divine goodnefs, truth 
arofe and prevailed over it for the prefent, 
and was exalted, as being the one thing 
needful. I went from thence to J^otherf- 
dale, where I had a very large meeting ; 
the Lord enabling me, otherwife a poor 
helplefs creature, to bear a thorough tefli- 

H h mony. 

236 The JOURNAL of 

monv, fuited to the various ftates of thofe 
prefent ; and his glorious name was exalted 
above every name. From thence I went to 
the houfe of my beloved friends Jonathan 
and Margaret Raine, at Trawden ; whom, 
for their tender regard to me when I want- 
ed fuccour both for body and mind, I have 
heretofore, more than once, had occafion 
to make mention of; as likewife of the 
Ecroyd's family. We greatly rejoiced in 
the opportunity of one another's company 
once more; truth having nearly united us 
in our former acquaintance. I (laid there- 
about fomething more than a week, attend- 
ing feveral meetings there and at Marlden 
Height; wherein, efpecially at fome of 
them, the Lord was eminently with us, 
opening the w^ells of faivation, that we 
might drink together, and fmg praifes to 
him the fountain of all good. I had great 
opennefs in my fervice amongft them; and 
we took our leave of one another in a fv/eet 
fenfe of God's love uniting our hearts one 
to another. On fecond-day, the firft of 
the icth month, I fet out for Lancafter, 
in order to be at their qtiarterly- meeting, 
being accompanied by my friend Jonathan 
Raine. I w^as at their monthly-meeting 
there on third-day, where I had fome con- 
(iderable fervice. Fourth-day in the morn- 
ing was held their meeting of minifters and 
elders; which was to comfort and edifica- 
tion. 1 found myfelf concerned to fet forth 



die nature of true gofpel miniftry ; as alio, 
to point out fome dangers which might, , 
without a fteady care and watchfuhiefs, at- 
tend thofe excrcifed therein. It was, I 
hope, a profitable opportunity to fome pre- 
fpnt. The fame day was held the quarter- 
ly-meeting, wherein the Lord was graci- 
oufly pleafed, according to his wonted good- 
nefs, to appear for the help of his fincerely 
concerned labourers; as, bleffed be his wor- 
thy name, he is found of thofe that truly 
feek him, and doth not fail thofe who lean 
upon him, and not to their own under^ 
Handing, nor to former experience of his 
aflifting power and wifdom. Truth was great- 
ly in dominion and friends much edified, 
the unity of the one fpirit being livingly en- 
joyed. I went next day, accompanied by 
Samuel Fothergill, William Backhouie, and 
William Dilworth, to the quarterly-meeting 
at Kendal. The fele6l meeting for minifters 
and elders was held that afcernooa ; I had 
fome good open fervice therein, on the 
nature of gofpel miniftry, and the myfteri-' 
ous workings of Satan in his transforma- 
tions. It was a time of edification and 
comfort. Next day was held the quarterly- 
meeting; in the fore part for worlhip, and 
after for the difcipline of the church, w^here- 
in I had fome fervice. Things were but 
low : we had a large meeting in the even- 
ing, both of friends and others; it was, 
through the pure efficacy of divine virtue, 
a blelfed oppoitunity. I was largely open- 

-38 The JOURNAL of 

ed in teftimony concerning Chrift, the di* 
vine light, which enhghtens every man 
coming into the world. It ended in folemn 
prayer and praifes to almighty God; our 
friend Samuel Fothergill being engaged 
therein, in a very powerful and afFecfting 
manner* I ftaid at Kendal, to attend their 
firft-day meetings; at both which, efpecial- 
ly th^ latter, I was very largely opened 
to declare the truth with power, which 
affected and tendered many hearts, there 
being a great number of friends, moftl/ 
cf -t younger fort, in that meeting ; it hav- 
ing been itripped, like many other places 
of late, of divers fubftantial elders. My 
labour was very carneft, that the rifing 
youth might come rightly under the yoke 
of Chrift, that they might be really pre- 
pared and fitted to fucceed thofe who are 
removed hence, having fini£hed their day's 
work. I went from thence, accompanied 
by fcveral friends, and had a meeting at 
Grayrigg, to good fatisfadlion. The tefti- 
mony of truth went forth with clearnefs 
and good demonftration, tending to awaken 
the carelefs, as well as to flrengthen and 
encourage the honeft-hearted. I returned 
to Kendal, and went next day, accompa- 
nied by many friends, to a general meeting 
at Windermooi*. The Lord's blelTed power 
was livingly felt in that meeting, whereby 
I was enabled, from the exprcflions of our 
Lord to Nicodemus, to Ihew the necef- 



dty of regeneration or the new birth; ^ 
docflrine highly neceffary to be preflingly 
recommended to the youth in our fociety, 
and carefully weighed by them, left any 
ihould vainly hope for an entrance into the 
kingdom of God, by fucceeding their ancef- 
tors in the profeffion and confeffion of the 
^truth. A lamentable error! many I fear 
-have fallen into, imagining they are God's 
people, without his nature being brought 
forth in them ; or, as faith the apoftle, being 
made partakers of the divine nature, and 
efcaping the corruptions that are in the 
world through luft. Great opportunity 
have fuch, by education, the writings of 
our predecefFors, and alfo by the gofpel 
niiniftry the Lord hath been pleafed to blefs 
our fociety withal, to colledl and treafure 
up a great deal of knowledge in the fpecu- 
lative underftanding part, even to profefs 
and Confefs the truth in the fame words 
QT language made ufe of, by thofe who really 
learned it in the fchool of Chrift. This is 
no more than an image or picture of the 
thing itfelf, without life or favour; there- 
fore an abomination to the living God, and 
his quickened people. I have touched the 
more clofely on this head, being apprehen- 
five the danger is very great, which the ri- 
iing youth are expofed to, by dwelling fe- 
curely and at eafe, as it were, in houfes 
they have not built, and enjoying vineyards 
they never , planted; for great are their ad- 

240 The journal of 

vantages abovfe others, if rightly improved ; 
otherwife, this muft fncreafe the weight of 
their condemnation. I have divers times 
looked upon the mournful condition of thofe 
who truft, as above hinted, in the religion 
of their education, to be aptly fet forth in 
the holy fcriptures, by an hungry man 
dreaming that he eateth, and behold, when 
he awaketh, his foul is empty. Oh, that 
all may deeply and carefully ponder in their 
hearts, what they have known in deed and 
in truth, of the new birth, with the fore 
labour and pangs thereof! 1 cannot conceive, 
if they are ferious and confider the import- 
ance of the cafe, but they will foon difco- 
ver how it is with them in this refped:, by 
obferving which way their minds are bent 
and thoughts employed, whether towards 
earthly or heavenly things. Thofe who 
are born from above, or rifen with Chrift, 
which is the fame thing, it is natural for 
them to feek thofe things which are above ; 
their affec^lions being fixed thereon. Soj 
on the other hand, that which is born of 
the flefh is but flefh, and can rife no high- 
er than what appertains to this tranlitory 
world; for flefh and blood cannot inherit 
God's kingdom; and it is faid, thofe who 
are in the flefh cannot pleaie God. The 
apoftolick advice therefore, is to walk in the 
fpirit; that is, let the fpirit of Chrifl be 
your guide and direcfior, how to order your 
lives and converfation in all things; for the 



children of God are led by his fpirit. I 
hope to be excufed ii> dwelling a little on 
this fubjecfl, having often greatly feared, 
that the defcendants of the Lord's wor- 
thies who were full of faith and good 
works, fliould take their refk in the out- 
fide of things, valuing themfelves on being 
the offspring of fuch: a forrowful miftake 
which the |evvs fell into! May all duly 
confider, that it is impoffible to be the 
children of Abraham, unlefs they do the 
works of Abraham. 

Truth was greatly in dominion thaC 
day, and many hearts were much tendered 
and contrited before the Lord; to whom 
be everlafting praifes. Amen! The next 
meeting was at the Height, where I had 
clofe roufmg fervice, in order to awaken 
carelefs formal profeiTors. The day follow- 
ing I had a large meedng at Coltis, near 
Hawkfliead; where I was favoured with 
great opennefs upon the nature of true 
faith, and that it muft be evidenced by good 
works ; for faith, when only an alTent or 
confent of the mind to principles of reli- 
gion true in themfelves, being alone, is 
dead, as a body is without the fpirit. The 
power of truth had great dominion, it 
being a time not eafily to be forgot. The 
next day I had a meeting at Swarthmoor ; 
there alfo I was led to fpeak largely of 
faith, viz. of hiftorical faith, implicit faith, 
and to fet forth the nature of that faith 


242 The JOURNAL oy? 

which was once delivered to the faints; 
being their vidlory over the world ancj 
all the corruptions thereof. It works by 
love, to the purifying of the hearty and 
when the heart is made pure, we can 
thereby fee God, ** Bleffed are the pure 
" in heart, faid Chrift, for they fhall fee 
*' God." And his apoftle faid, '* By faith 
" we come to fee him that is invifible." It 
is plain from the holy fcripture, that it pro- 
ceeds from a divine principle in man ; for 
it is the evidence of things not feen, and 
the fubftance of things hoped for. No man 
can poffibly pleafe God without it. O that 
mankind would carefully examine them- 
felves, whether or no they be in this faith I 
If they be in it, they cannot be ftrangers 
to Chrift, inwardly revealed ; for he dwells 
in the hearts of true believers by faith; 
his kingdom being within, where all his 
laws and ordinances are difcovered, clearly 
underftood, and willingly obeyed. No 
complaint, when this faith is received and 
held in a pure confcience, of hard things 
being required, or his commandments being 
grievous; but a foul endued with this 
powerful principle, can fay with fincerity, 
the Lord's ways are ways of pleafantnefs, 
and his paths are paths of peace. It was 
a good time, and I hope profitable to 
many. The next meeting I had was at 
Prefton, near Kendal ; there I was carneft;- 
ly concerned to ftir up friends to more 



falthfulnefs and a clofer union one v/ith 
another. It was a laborious time, but the 
blefled truth prevailed and carried through, 
to mine own eafe in a good degree. I 
went from thence to Briggflats, near Sed- 
burg. The meeting was large, and for fome 
time heavy and afflicting; but it pleafed the 
great Mailer of our aiTemblies to arife, with- 
out whoie gracious help his poor inftru- 
ments can do nothing to any good pur- 
pofe. It was a folemn av/akening time; I 
hope to be remembered by many. I had a 
meeting next day at Ravenftondale, which was 
a laborious trying time: my way was fhut 
up as to miniftry ; friends feemed too much 
at eafe in a profeffion. V/hen this is the 
cafe, thxc life of religion is exceedingly de- 
preiTed ; fo that thofe who feel its date, 
muft fufFer therewith, until it pleafe the 
Lord to, raife his pure feed, in judgment 
againft evil in people's minds: then man 
falls vnider for the prefent, and confeiTes to 
that nam.e or power given under heaven for 
his falvation. But alas ! he loon denies it 
again, hj giving vv^ay to a contrary power; 
an enemy to God and his own foul. In 
fuch ups and downs, changes and conflicts, 
by the working of contrary powers in their 
minds, many weary out their days in vain, 
becaufe they will not refolve to choofe the 
good, and to efchew the evil, that they 
might be eftabliflied upon the rock of ages 
for ever. The next day I had another meet- 

I i ing 

244 The JOURNAL of 

ing at Prefton ; it was a time of clofe la- 
bour, yet through gracious help, I hope it 
was a ferviceable meeting. I went from 
thence to Yeoland; this was a fuffering 
time, much of the teftimony given me then 
to bear, went forth fharp againft fuch who 
were ftrong and confident in profeffion, 
without real experience of the living vir- 
tue and holy efficacy of God's eternal 
truth, to quicken and feafou their fpirits. 
We find it very hard to gain any entrance 
on fuch. The teftimony is often felt to 
j'cbound, which in low times is a great dif- 
couragement to the poor inftrument. Here 
the faith and patience of the gofpel mufl 
be exercifed. I underflood after nieeting, 
that the flate of fome prefent had been re- 
markably fpoken to that day, which tended 
to humble my mind in thankfulnefs before 
the Lord, for his gracious help and guid- 
ance. After thefe exercifing paififul times, 
doubts are apt to enter, and fears to pofTefs 
the mind, lefl we have been miftaken in 
what we apprehend the Lord required of 
tis to deliver. (I fay us, as I do not doubt 
but it has been the experience of many 
others, as well as mine.) This ought to 
be carefully guarded againft, left tlie poor 
inftrument fmk thereby, below its fervice, 
by giving away its ftren^th and fure de- 
fence. The foul's armour and weapons 
being thus imprudently given away or caft 
pfJJ our fpirits are weaker than thofe of 



<ithers, and confequently fall under them 
Here that dominion, in which there is ;?-bi- 
lity to teach, may be loft. There is great 
danger aifo, on the other hand, of being 
too confident and fecure, as I have obferved 
fome, after they have darkened counfel by 
a multitude of words without right knovv>- 
ledge, and exceedingly burdened the liv- 
ing, appear quite ehearful and full of fa- 
tisfadlion, feeming as if thoroughly pleafed 
themfelves: which ^? a lamentable blind- 
jiefs, and difcovers them to be at a great 
diftance from the di(5tatrs and holy impref- 
fions of truth. This is what all ought 
earneftly to pray they may be preferved 
from, walking carefully in the middle path, 
retaining a jealoufy over themfelves, with 
a (ingle eye to God's honour, and the pro- 
motion of his truth. Then will their feet 
be fliod with the preparation of the gofpel 
of peace, and will appear beautiful as iipou 
the mountains. I went from Yeoland to 
Lancafter, and attended their meetings on 
firft-day, where I had good open fervice, 
truth being comfortably in dominion, and 
friends thereby nearly united one to ano- 
ther. From Lancafter I went to the fol- 
lowing meetings, Filde, Freklefton, Pref- 
ton, Langtree, and Afhton. They were 
generally fmall, and the life of religion at 
a very low ebb. I was favoured with 
ftrength to difcharge the fervice required, 
in a clofe painful labour for their help and 


246 The JOURNAL or 

recovery. But alas ! great is the declenfion 
in thofe parts, and I fear but little laid to 
heart. The next meeting I went to was 
at Hartfliaw, being a general meetings 
which was very large, and although fome- 
thing heavy and painful in the fore part, 
yet, through divine goodnefs, it proved a 
iblemn ferviceable meeting, and by ftrength 
and wifdom received from above, divers 
weighty gofpel truths were delivered, to 
the comfort and edification of many. I 
had that evening a large meeting at War- 
rington; but, as heretofore in the fame 
place, I felt their life and dependance was 
too much upon and after declarations. I 
found it my duty to difappoint that fpirit^ 
by fitting the whole time in filence. 1 went 
from thence to my valuable friends John 
and JoHiua Toft's, near Leek in Stafford- 
ihire, having Samuel Fothergill for com- 
pany and guide. I had a ferviceable meet- 
ing at Leek ; my labour was clofe in plain 
dealing with fome, who appeared to me 
too much exalted in their own wifdom 
and conceit of themfelves, whereby the 
fimplicity of the truth was too much over- 
looked by them. On fifth-day, the ift of 
the nth month, being accompanied by 
Jofhua Toft, I went to Stafford, and had 
a fmall poor meeting there. Next day in 
the evening we had a meeting at Tamworth, 
which was large, being chiefly made up 
with the confiderable inhabitants of the 



ILown. The public fervice thereof fell upon 
my companion, with which I was well 
pleafed, but found my mind not clear of 
friends belonging to that meeting, and 
therefore defired to have a meeting with 
them next day, at a friend's houfe, as I was 
defirous to have friends only. I had clofe 
fearching fervice amongfl: them, yet to my 
comfort and great relief in the end. On 
firft-day, the 4th, I was at Birmingham 
meetings; the forenoon was a good open 
time, wherein the teftimony of truth was 
exalted ; but the afternoon proved a heavy 
painful meeting; my way was quite ihut 
up as to miniftry. Now apprehending 
myfelf difcharged from further fervice in 
this journey, on fecond-day morning I ftt 
my face homewards, and got to Northamp- 
ton that night, and next day to Hitchin, 
and got home on fourth-day, the 7th of the 
nth month, finding my dear wife and fa- 
mily well; being thankful, as we had great 
caufe, to the fountain of all our mercies, 
for his providential care over us, when 
outwardly feparated for his fervice fake. 
I was from home this journey, about ten 
weeks and three days, in which time I travel- 
led, by account, about 760 miles, and was at 
about fifty-five meetings. In the year 1754, 
I travelled v/ith my efteemed friend Johii 
Churchman, through Hampfliire, the Ifle 
of Wight, and part of Surry; the parti- 
culars whereof I cannot at prefent find; 


£48 The JOURNAL of 

but I remember it was the laft of his travels 
in this nation, and that we were -nearly 
united in the fervice; the power and wif- 
dom of truth being livingly and comfort- 
ably with us, enabling us to labour with 
diligence for the .promotion of truth, and 
our own peace. In the fore part of the year 
1756, being in company with' my efteemed 
friend Peter Andrews from America, 
fometimes vifiting meetings in the city of 
London, I was feized with a violent diforder; 
it was with confiderable difficulty I got 
home, and foon took my chamber, where 
I continued many weeks under great afflic- 
tion of body, and alfo of mind at times, 
which I have divers times experienced as a 
further trial of my faith and patience. 
The Lord has been pleafed to withdraw his 
comforting enlivening prefence; I have 
thought rather more fo in thofe times of 
bodily afflidlions, than others; for wife 
ends, bed known to himfelf. Oh! who 
can underftand or conceive the anxiety of 
the mind when this is the cafe, except 
thofe who have felt the fame ? But, through 
divine favour, it was not fo with me always, 
efpecially in the laft of my great illnelTes, 
which was the latter end of 1758, when the 
joys of heaven fo opened upon my foul, as 
I had never known before, which niade me 
willing to hope that I was near entering into 
the full fruition thereof. How ftrong were 
my defires then to be diffolved, ^nd to be 



with Chrifl for ever ! Ready to fay, now let 
thy fervant depart in peace, for mine eyes 
have feen thy falvation ! but I was not then 
accepted herein, neither was my mind after- 
wards free from fome fears and doubts, that 
I had offended a gracious God, by an over- 
anxious defire to be removed from a mili-^ 
tant to a triumphant ftate. The example 
of our Lord (though he was the only be- 
gotton Son) in addreffmg the Father, is 
highly worthy to be ever remem.bered by 
us, in all our defires and prayers, viz. 
*' Neverthelefs, not my will, but thine be 
*' done!" The above hints may fall into the 
hands of ibme poor aflflided perfons, to 
whom they may afford comfort, by obferv- 
ing, they are not quite fingular in their 
trials, and from thence, through the divine 
bleffings, receive fome encouragement: 
which is my reafon for penning them, as well 
as many other remarks in the courfe of this 
journal; even on my mofl invv-ard and hid- 
den trials. I have had great caufe to blefs 
and praife the Lord, many times fnice,. 
when I have obferved the great advantage 
of thofe very pinching feafons of afBicflion, 
how much they tend to refine, and to efta- 
blifh the foul upon the rock of ages, yielding 
the peaceable fruits of righteoulhcfs to thote 
who. are properly exercifed thereby. I had 
very little health from the time that I was 
taken before-mentioned, for about tv/o 
years; yet was enabled, in 1757, to vifit 


250 The JOURNAL #f 

friends meetings in Kent, Suflex, and fom^ 
few meetings in Hampfhire, &c. I fet 
out from home the 12th of the 7th month, 
and crolTed the River Thames at Gravefend, 
where by appointment I met my friend 
Jofeph Taylor, and with him Jofeph Wood, 
and Stephen Jackfon, all from London. 
V/e went that afternoon to Rochefter, where 
about fix in the evening we had a meeting, 
there being a meeting-houfe ; though I 
think but one perfon (then) a young woman, 
who made profelFion with us. Many others 
came, and there was an opennefs to declare 
the doctrines of truth largely amongft them, 
which I hope was not altogether in vain. 
From thence we all went to Canterbury, 
except Stephen Jackfon, who returned 
home. We had a meeting there, made up 
chiefly of profeflTors with us. The tefti- 
mony of truth went forth in a clofe fearch- 
ing manner, and, through m.ercy, it was 
exalted over all of a contrary nature. The 
Lord had the praife, and his fmcere follow- 
ers fatisfaftion and comfort. We had 
a meeting next at a place called Burching- 
ton, where there was a meeting-houfe, 
but none of our ibciety living in that place; 
the people filled the houfe, and a pretty 
many out of doors ; they appeared, in gene- 
ral, a low ignorant people ; yet the Lord, 
with whom there is no refpect of perfons, 
opened the dodrines of the gofpel largely, 
and in a reaching affedling manner, by 



which many feemed to be tendered. Next 
day we had a meeting at Drapers, near 
Margate, which was frnall, and things 
low as to the Hfe of religion. In a very 
fmall meeting in the evening at Deal, I 
had fome dole fervice; after which, 
one perfon gave me fufficient caufe to fee 
there was need of it. The next meeting 
Was at Dover, being on feventh-day in the 
evening, as 1 was defirous of being at Folk- 
ftone on the day following Truth opened 
dodlrine and counfel for their help and 
edification, there being fome lately convin- 
ced of our principles, who appeared tender 
and hopeful. I hid good fatisfadliou 
amongft the few friends in that place. At 
Folkflone the meetings were large, but the 
life of religion mournfully low and borne 
down, not only with thofe things com- 
monly called undue liberties in many, but: 
alfo, with the form of religion, without 
the power of it in others. I had (as it were) 
^ threlhing inftrument put into mine hands, 
and was enabled to difcharge the fervice re- 
quired, to my great eafe and relief; for my 
fpirit was exceedingly loaded and bowed 
down at that place. Oh f what pity it is, 
that old profelfors, inftead of being as pil- 
lars in the houfe of God, and as Aarons and 
Hurs, bearing part of the Lord's great 
work (fo happily and giorioufly begun in 
the earth) fhould be a means of obftrudling 
the fame, and by the carnality of their 
K k fpirits. 

352 The JOURNAL op 

fpirits, burden and greatly deprefs the word 
of life in the meffengers of Chrift, fent in 
order to carry it on amongft mankind: 
thereby rendering themfelves altogether un- 
worthy to be named by his name, to taftc 
of his dainties, or to live under this latter, 
and as glorious a manifeftation of evangeli- 
cal light and truth, as was ever extended to 
inankind! Is not the great defign of the 
Almighty obvious, in gathering us as a 
people into his fold, to fit under his teach- 
ings, and confequently under his glorious 
Inanifeftation, fliowering upon us great 
plenty of rain from above, and heavenly- 
dew as upon Hermon's hills, viz. that we 
might be as the garden of the Lord, full of 
fruitful plants and fragrant flowers, fend- 
ing forth a fweet fmell, yea, to be as a 
fountain of gardens, and wells of living 
water, and ftreams from the goodly beauti- 
ful mountains of Lebanon : for it is writ- 
ten, " Out of the belly of him that be- 
*' lieves, fliall flow rivers of living water." 
By which it plainly appears, that the Lord's 
choien people are like conduits, channels, 
or water- fpouts, to convey the water of 
hfe into the wildernefs, that it may be- 
come a fruitful field, and that the defart 
land may come to rejoice, and blofTom as a 
roic; alio into the fea, viz. amongfl the 
nations, languages, tongues and people *", 


^ Se^ Ezekiel aIvIv 

JOHN G R I F F I T H. 253 

to heal the fifties that are" in this fca, viz. 
the backOiders and diliempered of mankind. 
But oh, how flowly doth this work go oa! 
And what a httle progrefs it hath yet made, 
to what was expected by thofe valiants, who 
firfl engaged againfl Babylon in the morn- 
ing of our day, and made that kingdom 
fiiake! But many under the fame profeffion 
in this day, are turned againft the truth, 
and at the fame time they pretend to main- 
tain its caufe, they are fupportiug and 
ftrengthening the kingdom of Babylon all 
in their power, which is exceeding ftrangc 
to think, and perhaps would not be believed 
by hundreds that really are doing it. The 
reafon is, they firft of all have tak n fome 
draughts of the wine, out of the whore of 
r Babylon's golden cup, whereby they are fo 
' intoxicated, as not to know what they 
are doing;* fo that, when they think they 
are ferving God, they are ferving Satan, 
-Were not the Jews drunk with this cup, 
when they dreamed that God was their fa- 
ther, and at the fame time were in reaUty 
of their father the Devil, doing his works, 
when they thought they vvere doing God's 
works ? This w^oeful miftake has been, and 
is almoft general amongfl: mankind. When 
they fupprefs the meafure of grace in them- 
felves, and drink a few draughts as above- 
faid, they are then fit to follow antichrift 
whitherfoever he will lead them; but he 
will take care, no; to have much crofs to 


254 The JOURNAL of 

the will of the flelh in his religion, left they 
fliould be tempted to leave him ; that being 
the rery reafon of the violence they have of- 
fered to the divine witneis, which formerly 
rofe up againft them in their minds^ viz. 
becaufe they faw if they followed that, 
the crofs muft be taken up, and felf muft be 
denied. At this they have ftumbled; and 
although little fenfe is at prefent retained 
thereof, by reafon of the intoxication before 
mentioned, yet w'hen they are (iimmoned 
before the judgment-feat of Chrift, and the 
books come to be opened, all will then fee 
things as they really are, which do not at 
all change their natures, though, by a de- 
fed in the capacity before defcribed they be 
not fcen or under flood. 

It is worthy to be remembered, and deep-* 
ly pondered by great numbers in our fociety, 
that it was the rebellion and unfaithfulnefs 
of the children of Ifrael, that was the caufe 
of their being turned back again into a 
barren, doleful, howling wildernefs, when 
near the borders of the land of promife. 
They doubtlefs might have then entered, 
fubdued the idolatrous inhabitants, and taken 
full poffefTion thereof, had they believed m 
and obeyed that mighty Jehovah, who with 
an outflretched arm had brought them out 
of the land of Egypt, dividing the Red Sea 
in mercy to them, and for the deftruclion 
of their enemies. But oh ! what a long 
wildernefs they had afterwards, for about 



the fpace of thirty-eight years, until ail 
that people had fallen, except Caleb and 
Jolhua, men of upright hearts, whom the 
Lord honoured with being the leaders of 
an entire new people to poflefs the land. 
Cannot the empty formal profeiTors amongft 
us, who, under great pretenfions, have fuf^ 
iered a heart of unbelief, a rebellious heart, 
that has departed from the living God, and 
embraced this prefent world, read their own 
condemnation in the before-mentioned ac- 
count? Shall they ever enter into the hea- 
venly Canaan ? or be accounted worthy to 
carry on his glorious work in the earth? 
No, verily; but they muft fall into great 
condemnation, except they repent, and re- 
deem their mif-fpent time, and another peo- 
ple be raifed to maintain this glorious caufe, 
to whom the Caleb's and Joihua's in our 
Society will be as leaders and direcflors; 
like Prifcillas and Aquilas, to expound unto 
them (who enquire the way to Sion) the 
way of the Lord more perfectly ; for I am 
fully perfuaded, our fociety will not ceafe to 
be a people, nor the glory ever depart there- 
from wholly, as it did from the Jewifh, and 
in a great degree the lapfed Chriftian church. 
I have no doubt, but that a people will be 
preferved from generation to generation, to 
contend earneftly for the faith once delivered 
to the faints, and to maintain the fame with 
the dodlrine and principle refulting there- 
from, fo eminently revived in our predecef- 


^56 The JOURNAL of 

fors, and moft furely believed by us. So 
that when it Ihall pleafc the Lord to awa- 
ken the -nations, there will be no occafion 
to expedl new difcoveries, or other manifef- 
tations, but the Lord will Ihew where he 
feeds his flock, and where they lie down 
at noon. 1 do not exped: the prefent le- 
thargy, and almoll univerfal indifference of 
all denominations of Ghriftians abaut reli- 
gion, is to continue very long, for the 
Lord's foul abhors it. I am fully perfuaded 
he will arife in dreadful majefty, to Ihake 
terribly the earth ; the power, wiidom, po- 
licy, and fplendor thereof, and not only 
the earth, but the heavens alfo, that he 
may remove thofe things which can be 
-fliaken, that thofe things that cannot be 
fliaken may remain. Then fliall people fee 
how empty and fruitlefs their religious pre- 
tenlions have been. Then will their eyes 
and cries be to the Lord, to fliew them the 
pafture of the flock of his companions. 
Then will mankind receive a kingdom 
which cannot be fliaken. But, oh ! the 
bitter cups that murt: be drank, and the 
phials of God's wrath that mud be poured 
upon nations and kingdoms, before mankind 
m general will be humbled enough, to fub- 
mit to the yoke of Chrift, and to learn of 
him, who is meek and low in heart. But 
he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and 
can turn and overturn, until the inhabitants 
of the earth are willing that he fliould 



reign whofe right it is; " for when the 
*' judgments of the Lord are in the earth, 
" the inhabitants of the world will learn 
" righteouihefs." 

Great and marvellous hath been the Lord's 
condefcenfion and goodnefs, manifefted for 
our help and prefervation many ways ; one 
wliereof I cannot well omit a fliort remark 
upon, viz. the reviving of ancient zeal for 
the promotion of difcipline and good order, 
which I find is almofl general throughout 
the fociety, that fpirit of found judgment, 
and the burning of that holy fire, which 
the Lord doth kindle in the hearts of the 
faithful, has never been wholly extin- 
guifhed, fince we have been a people; 
though in fome places, through the neg- 
ledl of many, it burned rather faint 
and languid. This has of late been 
much augmented, and the number of thofe 
;< who will not take bribes (that is, through 
favour and affection pervert judgment) in- 
creafed. I pray God, for his great name's 
fake, and his people's prefervation, this 
good work may prof per! Publick miniftry, 
though a great bleffing, help, and comfort 
to God's people, may be fliunned, evaded, 
and turned off by individuals : but the 
church cannot ealily lofe ground, under 
a godly, impartial admrniflration of found 
judgment, and dealing in the way of good 
order and difcipline, as this brings judg- 
ment hciTie; Thou art the man. Here in- 


dividuals mufi condemn the evil, or be dif^ 
united from the body, that it may not bd 
infedled or endangered by their defedlion, 
I went from Folktlone to Maizam, wher6 
I had a meeting, and fomc clofe fearching 
labour, in order to awaken drowly lukewarm 

?rofeirors. 1 had meetings alfo at Afhford, 
enterden, and Cranbrooke, where I found 
things exceeding low as to truth and friends, 
and but very little of the fubftance, or even 
form, to be met with. My fpirit was much 
affecSled with forrow and mourning, in. 
viewing the deplorable eftate of the fociety 
in this county; yet I endeavoured with 
patience to wade along in my fervice, and 
to difcharge the duty required of me. 

I then proceeded to vifit Sviflex. The firfl: 
meeting I had in that county, was Gard- 
ner-Street; I could find bvit very few, if 
any, truly alive in religion there. I had 
hard clofe work with the unfaithful, in fomc 
important branches of our Chriftian tefti- 
jnony, to which I was immediately led ; for 
I knew nothing of their ftate by outward 
information. I had meetings alfo at Lewes, 
Brighthelmftone, • and Arundel. At all 
which places, I found the life of religion 
much depreffed. My fervice was clofe and 
fearching; but alas! carnal profeflbrs are 
very hard to be made fenlible of their de- 
plorable condition. From Arundel I went 
to Chicheiler, where I had a meeting, and. 
good open fervice, not only to ftir up the 



carelefs to more fervent labour, but alfo to 
encourage and ftrengthen fome tender-^ 
hearted travellers Zion-wards. It was, 
through the holy eihcacy of truth, a blef^ 
fed tune. I went from thence to AltoA, 
in Hampfliire, and attended their firil-day 
meeting. ^ There is a large body of friends, 
amongll whom, the great Mafter of our 
affembiies opened dodrine and counfel, 
fuited to their feveral dates, and the bleiTed 
truth was in great dominion that day. 
The next meeting I had v/as at Godalming, 
where I had very clofe heavy fervice, being 
made fenfible of much indifference and 
lukewarmnefs in fome profeflbrs. It was 
often my lot to labour for the Itirring up 
and reviving of fuch ; but alas ! it is hard 
work, yet fufficiently rewarded by the com- 
fortable returns of true peace, in a faithful 
difcharge of duty. The next meeting I had 
was at Staines, which was pretty open and 
fatisfadlory : being iivingly engaged to ad- 
minifler fuitably to the feveral flates of thofe 
prefent. I went from thence to Uxbridge, 
where I had open thorough fervice, to good 
fatisfadlion. After which I went to High- 
Wickham, and had a heavy laborious meet- 
ing. The fame day I had an evening meet- 
ing at Amerlham, in w^hich I had fome 
fervice, though things were very low. 
Next day I had a meeting at Jordans, 
where the bleiTed truth had great domiuion, 
and the teftiaiony thereof flowed forth 

I-'l * freely, 

26o The JOURNAL of 

freely, in do6trine and counfel, for the help 
and comfort of thofe prefent. After which 
1 went to London, where I ftaid the firft- 
day meetings over. I attended Grace-church- 
Street in the morning, where I had good 
fervice, and the teftimony of truth had great 
dominion. I went to Devonfliire-Houle in 
tiic afternoon, where I had alfb a good open 
time, to declare the truth; finding much 
eafc and peace of mind. The fervice of this 
fmall journey being over, I returned home 
the next day, having been out about four 
wecks^ at 28 meetings, and travelled about 
350 miles. 

The next journey I have any account of, 
was chiefly in order to viiit the quarterly- 
meetings of Lincoln, York, Lancafter, and 
Kendal. I fet out the 16th of the 6th 
month, 175^), and, by appointment, met 
Jofeph Taylor at Cambridge, who was to 
be my companion as far as York. It being 
iirft-day, we went to their meeting in the 
morning, Vv^hich was very fmall, and things 
exceeding low as to the life of religion. 
We went in the afternoon about ten miles 
to a general- meeting at a place called Over, 
which was large, and I was largely opened 
therein, in clofe awakening fervice, 
tending to roufe carelefs profefTors, of 
whom there feemed to be many at that 
meeting. We proceeded after meeting as 
far as Erith, and next day got to Spalding, 
ia Lincolniliire, where we met our worthy 

friend j^ 


friend Mordecal Yarnall from America, 
who was then on a religious vifit in this 
nation, and Samuel Ncal from Ireland. 
The 2otIi in the moaning we fet out for 
Lincoln quarterly-meeting, which began 
the next day about noon, and ended the day 
following. Truth is at a low ebb in this 
county, and the diicipline in the main but 
poorly managed, and the conduft of cUvers 
profeifors adminillers caufe of offence; yet 
w^e were, through the extendings of mer- 
ciful goodnefs, tavoured with coufiderable 
opennefs, and pretty thorough iervice for 
their help, and to our own eafe in a good 
degiCQ, After this meeting was over, my 
companion and I proceeded on our journey 
towards York, taking Leed's firft-day meet- 
ings in our way, which were large, very 
heavy, and laborious. My proper bufineis 
was to wade under a great weight, occa- 
fioned by the indolent fpirits of thofe who 
were unwilling to , labour and bear their 
own burdens, in an example of filence. 
Next morning was held their monthly- 
meeting of miniflers and elders, where I 
had clofe fervice; and the fame day that 
for difcipline, which was exceeding large, 
our fociety being very numerous thereabout. 
The teftimony of truth was greatly exalted 
therein, in treating concerning Chrift, the 
everlafting Rock upon which the church is 
built, whereupon only it can 'ftand firm, 
againft all the attem.pts of a potent adverfary, 


262 The journal of 

and his emifTaries. Next day we went to York, 
where the fame evening was hel'd the quar- 
terly meeting of minifters and elders. I 
had feme open fervice therein, particularly 
to minifters. We were divinely favoured 
in the fucceeding meetings, both for w^or- 
fliip and difcipline, to our edification and 
comfort. From York I went towards Ken- 
dal, and was, in my way, at a yearly- 
meeting held on a firlt-day, in a large barn 
near Eingley ; where (it Vv^as thought) were 
very near a thoufand people of other religi- 
ous periuafions, befides many of our ownfo- 
ciety. I was largely opened therein to 
preach the everlafting gofpel, in the autho- 
rity and demonllration thereof. The peo- 
ple generally behaved in a fober becoming 
manner, appearing well fatisfied, which is 
too often the moll: we can fay in our day, 
concerning fuch memorable opportunities 5 
whereas, our predecelfors might have added, 
perhaps^ that fcveral hundreds were con- 
vinced. However, we muft content our- 
felves with the ftate or condition of the 
fields of the world, in our day: and al- 
though WQ cannot lift up our eyes as they 
could, to behold the fields white unto har- 
veft, yet let there be honeft endeavours to 
contribute all in our power, for the bring- 
ing them forward in this relpeil, and leave 
the reft to the Lord, in whole hands alone 
are times and feafbns. I had a meeting at 
SkipCpn that evening, to good fatisfadlion, 

I went 


1 went from thence to Settle, and was at 
their monthly-meeting, where I had good 
fervice, and fo proceeded to Kendal, ac-* 
€ompanled by divers friends. The fame 
day was held the meeting of minifters and 
elders, wherein our ancient worthy friend 
James Wilfon, had excellent fervice, to our 
great comfort and edification* Their quar- 
terly-meeting of bufinefs was held next 
day, wherein I had good fervice, in the 
opening of gofpel life and power. A blef- 
fed meeting it was. The Lord alone had 
the praife, who is for ever worthy thereof! 
I attended Kendal meetings the firft-day 
following^ which were very large, and pre- 
cious; the everlafting truth and its tefti- 
mony, being exalted over all of cu contrary- 
nature, to the great comfort of the up- 
right in heart, I went, accompanied by 
our friend James Wilfon, and many others^ 
to their general meeting at Prefton Patrick, 
which was very large. My fervice therein 
was clcfe, fearching, and laborious; not 
only in a fenfe of great lukewarmnefs and 
indifference in fopne, bvit alfo the heart- 
burnings, difunion, and fecret fmitings one 
againft another, of others. It feemed to 
me, that fpirit had fubtilly prevailed on 
fjme accounted of the foremofl rank, to 
their own hurt, and the wounding of the 
innocent life. My fpirit had been pain- 
fully affedled with the fame fenfe of the 
ftate of that meeting, in degree, in my 


254 The JOURNAL of 

former vifits to it; but never had fo much 
power arxd comfortable dominion over the 
fame, as at this time, wherein truth mightily 
prevailed, to the fubduing, at leaft for the 
prefent, all that was of a contrary nature. 
Near the conclufion of the faid meeting, our 
worthy ancient friend, before-mentioned, 
publicly teftified, that the eternal truth 
of God v/as over all, exhorting friends 
highly to prize fuch blefTed opportunities, 
and carefully to improve thereby. 

In relating what has been done, in mar- 
vellous kindnefs and condefcenfion, through 
me a poor weak inftrument, towards the 
help and reftoration of my fellow-mortals, 
I do fincerely deiire, if any good is done, 
the Lox'd only may have the praife, honour, 
and glory; for he alone is worthy, and 
nothing belongs to the creature, but hu- 
mility, reverence, obedience, and laying the 
mouth as in the duft. I would be io un- 
derftood throughout the whole narrative, 
though not always expreffed in words. 

I went from Kendal to Lancafter. The 
quarterly felecl meeting for minifters and 
elders was firft held ; wherein our ancient 
friend james Wilfon, before-mentioned, 
bore a noble, evangelical teftimony, to the 
inftruclion, edification, and great comfort of 
friends. Next day was held their quarterly- 
meeting for difcipline, in which, through 
the efficacy of divine power, I had fome 
open weighty fervice. I cannot well for- 


bear remarking the great fatisfadlion and 
pleafure I had at this meeting, in behold- 
ing, and having the acceptable company of 
three honourable, worthy, ancient friends, 
viz. James Wilfon, Lydia Lancafter, and 
Grace Chambers; who, I think, all bore 
living and powerful teftimonies therein, in 
a very affecling manner, to the holy efEcacy 
of thateverlafting truth, which had been 
with them all their life long. Oh ! it was 
a time of much humbling encouragement, 
to fee their greennefs and fruitfulnefs in 
old age. I looked vipon them as patterns of 
primitives-times and friends. There is fome- 
thing wonderfully great and excellent, {hen 
only by thofe eyes which the Lord hath 
opened, in the native fimplicity of the truth, 
and that eftate into which it gradually 
brings a man, who, in a total denial of felf, 
hath fully given up to be formed by it. 
This I take to have been very much the cafe 
with friends in the beginning, which ren- 
dered them fo very obnoxious to the fpirit 
of the world ; than which, there is nothing 
more oppofite to a redeemed ftate : io that 
the more any are drawn out of the corrupt 
ways and fpirit of the world, the more 
they are hated by it. This is obvious, 
when we confider the treatment which 
Chrift our Lord, in whom the Godhead 
dwelt bodily, met with. If many in profef- 
fion with us are nearer in unity and peace 
with the world now, than our frieads were 


266 The JOURNAL ©y 

formerly, let it not be tinderflood as a 
token of their advancement in the nature 
and fpirit of true religion; but the contrary, 
viz. that they are fallen nearer thereunto, 
and become more like it in fpirit, though 
fomevvhat different as to the exterior part of 
rehgion, which the world cares not much 
for, when it finds, that in the main, we 
are making advances towards them. Our 
friends formerly deUvcred themfelves in 
miniftry and writing, in a plain, fimple ftile 
and language, becoming the caufe they 
were fincerely engaged to promote ; chieHy 
aiming to fpeak and write, fo as to convey 
the power and efBcacy of the pure truth, to 
that of God in the confciences of men. It 
is no fmall glory to the righteous caufe we 
are engaged to promote, that it has made 
flich a mighty progrefs in the world, upon 
a better foundation than that of human 
helps and learned accomplifhments. The 
very firft and moft eminent inflruments, 
railed to propagate the fame, were illi- 
terate men, agreeable to what Paul deli- 
vers, I Cor. chap. i. %^er. 26, 27, 28, and 
2(). May thefe things be weightily con- 
fidered by all thofe, who feem to aim at 
feeking credit to the fociety, by means of 
thofe outward embellifhments, from which 
our worthy ancients were wholly turned, to 
feek and wait for that living power and 
holy authority, which alone is able to carry 
on the wodg of man's redemption to the 



end of time: the departure from which 
opened the door effedlually for the apoftacy 
to overfpread ; then human wifdom and 
learning became, in the eftimation of de- 
generate Chriftians, effentially neceflary to 
make minifters of the gofpel. But the 
early minifters and writers in the Chris- 
tian church, became very eminent another 
way, as we have great reafon to beheve 
moft of them were ilhterate men ; and fuch 
of them who had attained human learnings 
when the power of the gofpel was mwardiy 
revealed, laid all fuch accomplifhments 
down at the feet of that power, to whom 
every knee muft bow, and every tong-ue mud 
confefs : fo that we find them counting all 
that as drofs and dung, to which men, ia 
their corrupt wills and wifdom, give the 
higheft place for ufefulnefs, as above hint- 
ed. And I think, fome amongft us fall 
very little fhort of the fame difpofition 
of mind, though they do not care to own 
it in words ; for I have divers times ob- 
ferved, fome have but little relifh f>r talte 
for the fubftantial truths of the gofpel, ia 
a plain (imple drefs ; nor to read books, 
holding forth the fame, unlefs they fiad 
fome delicacy in the ftile and compofition. 
An honeft fubftantial iTxinifter may wade 
into the feveral ftates of people, in orvier 
to bring forth fuitably thereinto, in the 
native fimplicity of the truth, and his 
labour herein be fccn^ gladly owned and 
M m received. 

26S The JOURNAL of 

received, by the circumcifed in heart and 
ears, where his lot is caft ; yet the fort of 
people amongfl: us above-mentioned, of 
which I fear there are many, do not know, 
nor much regard him, fcarcely thinking it 
worth their while to attend the meetings fuch 
a one is engaged to vifit. But if they hear 
of one coming who is noted for learning 
and eloquence, though perhaps far fhort of 
the other in depth of experience, what fol- 
lowing after him from meeting to meet- 
ing! Enough, if the inftrument is not 
pretty well grounded, to puff it up with 
a vain conceit of itfelf, and to exalt it above 
meafure. Some have with forrow obferved, 
much hurt has been done amongft us, by 
fuch great imprudence. I have often feen 
reafon to conclude, popularity and common 
applaufe is no fafe rule to judge of the real 
worth of a minifler. Therefore, when I 
have heard much crying-up of any inftru- 
ment, I have been apt to doubt its fafe 
ftanding, and holding out to the end ; which 
it cannot poflibly do, if the fame defire pre- 
vails to fpeak, as there is in fuch people to 
hear. I am perfuaded, if fuch keep upon a 
right bottom, they will, at times, find it 
tlieir duty to ftarve and difappoint fuch 
cravings after words. 

I had an open fatisfactory meeting at Lan- . 
tafter the day after the quarterly-meeting, in 
which the holy virtue of truth greatly united 
friends in the bond of love and peace. The 

1 4th 


:!i4th of the jth month I fet out, m company 
with my kind friends Jonathan Raine and 
wife, William Dilworth, andTabitha Ecroyd, 
and lodged that night at Watton, near Pref- 
ton. Next morning I took my leave of 
the above laid friends in much near affec- 
tion, except William Dilworth, who ac- 
companied me to Warrington that day. 
The next, being the firft of the week, I 
attended Penketh meeting in the morning, 
and Warrington in the atternoon. At boih 
which, my labour in the miniftry was heavy 
and painful, on account of the formal, 
lifelefs ftate of too many, who, by their age 
and long profeffion, might have been as 
pillars in the church ; as -well as the chaf- 
'iinefs, and want of iblid experience by their 
not yielding to the vifitation of truch, in 
many of a younger rank. Thus it is, when 
heavenly bleilings have been ihowered down 
upon people, not duly improving thereby, 
they become miore infeniible than others 
who have not been fo highly favoured, I 
was enabled to difcharge the iervice re- 
quired, in a fearching, awakening manner, 
to my own relief in a good degree. I went 
the next day to my worthy friend Joiliua 
Toft's, near Leek, who had then loft his 
fight, but feemed frcfli and lively in his 
Ipirit. We had great fatisfaction in com- 
pany and converiktion with each other. I 
ilaid one whole day v/ith him and his bro- 
ther, and then proceeded towards Wcrceilcr, 


270 The journal of 

taking meetings at Dudley and Stourbridge. 
I had ibme open fatisfac^lory fervice at the 
firft, and a very laborious painful time in 
filence, at the other, where truth feemed 
to me much deprefled by wrong things. 
On feventh-day I went from thence to 
Worcefter, and attended their firft-day 
meetings, and was mournfully affe6led there- 
in with a {enfe of lukewarmnefs in many 
profeifors, finding it very hard for the life 
and power of truth to arife into dominion, 
fo as to make them fenfible of their ftates. 
My labour was for the moft part in filence, 
though I had fome clofe public fervice. I 
went after the lafl meeting as far as Eve- 
fham, on my way to London, and from 
thence, the next day home to my dear wife, 
and found *her well; which, together with 
other fav^ours, I was, through infinite kind- 
nefs, m;ide a partaker of in this journey, 
bowed my mind in humble thankfulnefs 
to the bountiful author of all blefiings, 
who is alone w^orthy of dominion and 
worfliip for evermore. I was from heme 
about five weeks and five days, and travel- 
led, by account, 664 miles, and wms at 37 

I have preferved no account in writing, 
of my travelling in the fervice of truth, after 
I returned from the laft-mentioned journey, 
until the fore part of the year 1760, when 
I entered npon my journey, in order to. vifit 
the meetings of friends in the nation of 



Ireland a fecond time; having had it 
weightily upon my mind, at times, for 
fome years. But when it drew near, I 
clearly faw the time fixed to fet out, which 
I did the firft of the 3d mionth, in the afore- 
faid year, and went to London. The 
2d being on firft- day, I went to Grace- 
church'8treec meeting in the morning. My 
bufinefs therein was to fet an example of 
iilence. In the afternoon I had good open 
fervice at Devonfhire-Houfe meeting. On 
fecond-day morning the 3d I went into 
the Weft-Chefter ftage coach, and arrived 
at that city on fifth-day night, the 6th. I 
went next day to Park-Gate, to inquire for 
a pafTage, vsdiere I found divers vefTels ready 
to fail 3 yet the wind being contrary, it was 
uncertain v/hen ; fome having already wait- 
ed near a month for a fair wind. I return- 
ed to Chefter that night, and next day was 
poorly of a cold, having, fince my great 
illnefs, been very tender in my lungs, and 
apt to be c?.fBicl:ed with an afthmatick dif- 
order; fo that travelling, efpecially in cold 
foggy weather, became very unpleafant for 
me to bear, having endured confiderable 
hardfliips in m.y journey from London, 
by fuch weather and the motion of the 
coach. But all was made up, in the fvveet 
enjoyment of that pure love, which makes 
hard things eafy and bitter things fvveet. 
The 9th, being firft-day, I was at Chefter 
rneeting, the nuitiber of friends being but 


272 The journal of 

fmall, and thejife of religion verv low; 
yet it pleafed divine goodneik to extend rrer- 
ciful help, giving me openaeib in the 
fpringing up ot hte, to aclmmilter luitabiy 
for their advantage, I hoj e, if rightly im- 
proved. The loth in the morning, having 
hired a guide and tv^o horles, I ft^ -v: for 
Holy Head, in order to take a jr-'^-e for 
Dublin in one of the packets, and sot thi- 
ther next day about fix in the caing. 
Here I found one of the packets to 

fail early next morning. T went v^^ oard 
the 1 2th, about fix o'clock in the morn- 
ing, and landed at DubUn about f \ in the 
evening, the fame day, having had an ealV 
paflage and civil ulage on boafci, and was 
kinciiy received by my open-hearted friends 
Samuel Judd and family. 1 was pretty much 
fatigued with travelling, being alfo afBid:ed 
with a cold upon my lungs, v/lnch was 
aggravated by the thick fuiphurous air of 
Dublin. Yet the pure virtue and holy 
anointing of the pregious truth, carried 
through and over all weaknefs, both of 
body and mind. My foul being enabled to 
extol and magnify the God of my falva- 
tion, for his gracious fupport every- way ; 
for indeed, humanly looking and judging of 
things, it might not have appeared prudent, 
confidering my weak and infirm ftate of 
body, efpecially alone, to have undertook 
fuch a journey; but the power of gofpel 
love gaining the afcendency over all reafon- 



ings and conlliltations with flefti and blood, 
ii.ade me willing to give up life and ail, in 
anr-.verirg the Lord's requirings, and to 
pu' iue what he was pleafed to call me unto, 
as i'dT as ability of body would admit. 
This is a great m} ftery to the carnal man, 
but it hath as real an exiRence in a re- 
deemed mmd, as that a principle of felf- 
lovc is tiie x| ih-g of acHon in an unredeem- 
ed mind. On iixth-day, the 13th, I went 
to the w^eek day meeting at Sycamore- Alley, 
where humbling goodnefs was refrelhingly 
near, and opened the doftrines of truth 
largely and livingly, to the comfort of many 
hearts. On firit-day, the 16th, I went to 
Meath- Street in the* morning, where I had 
thororgh fervice, to mine own great com- 
fort and eafe ; though my fpirit was much 
grieved, to view the havock made amongft 
friends in that great city, by undue liber- 
ties ; but mod of all under a mournful 
fenfe, that the dragon's tail had drawn fome 
of the ftars down again into earthly pollu- 
tions, and caufed a. bad favour. This was 
oiFenfive to my foul, even as a nuifance in 
that meeting. May others harm and mif- 
carriages caufe all the Lord's anointed to be 
very watchful. I went to Sycamore- Alley 
in the afternoon, where the meeting was 
very large. Silent waiting upon God was 
my fervice therein, in wdiich I had peace 
and comfort ; and towards the conclufion, 
there was an awful folemnity, in a remark- 

274 The JOURNAL oi^ 

' able manner, over the meeting, wherein the 
excellency of filent worfliip appeared. Oil 
fecond-day, the 17th, I went to Baltibois 
and had a meeting there next day. I had 
cloie ronfing fervice therein; the teftimony 
of trath went forth very fharp againft 
haughty libertine fpirits. There I met my 
good friend- Abraham Shakleton, who tra- 
velled with me moft of the time I was in 
that nation. Of him, I think, it may 
be faid, as was of Nathaniel, ^' Behold an 
" Ifraelite indeed, in whom there is no 
" guile!" He was a great comfort and help 
to me, and though he did not appear public- 
ly as a mlnifter; yet he would drop tender 
advice at times, in families, in a very affeil- 
ing mar.n.T. His whole converfation, looks, 
and deportment, was fo leavened and tem- 
pered with the good, that I looked upon 
him as a preacher of righteoufnefs where- 
ever he came. I went with him, after the 
abovefaid meeting, to his houfe at Bally- 
tore, where next day I had a precious open 
meeting, and good thorough fervice there- 
in; the bleffed unchangeable truth being in 
dominion ovr all. The 20th I had a good 
ferviceable meeting at Athy, and the next 
day another at Rathanyon, in which there 
was a wonderful manifeftation of the divine 
power, and much clearnefs in opening the 
do(ftrines of truth; fo that I believe there 
were few, if any, but were fenfibly afFe6led i 
therewith. I hope fuch great extendings of 

favour 1 


favour will not be eafily forgot. From 
thence I went to Edenderry, and was at 
their meetmg on firft-day, the 23d, v.hicli 
was a very large meeting, and the power 
and wlfdom of truth was eminently mani- 
fefted, in farniflihig with ability, to divide 
the word aright to the ieveral ftates in diat 
great mectirig. It was in much dread and 
weight, not iparing any rank or flation in 
the fociety. All there, I believe, through 
divine favour, had fome lliare of that day's 
work: I hope not eafily to be forgotten. 
May the Lord alone have the praife ! for 
he is the author of all the good that is, or 
can be done. The 25th I had a large 
meeting at Mount-Melick, in which I had 
thorough fervice. The labour was fome- 
what painful, in a fenfe of indifference, 
and the infipid formal ftate of too many, as 
well as . the pride and undue liberties of 
others; both which have forrowfuUy pre- 
vailed in that nation ; yet I found great eafe 
and peace of mind, in the difcharge of that 
weighty concern which was upon me for 
their help and recovery, and which I hope 
had a good eiFedl on many. Next day I had 
a large meeting at Mount-Rath. I was en- 
abled to dilchargv? the fervice required, in 
a fearching manner, that carelefs profefTors 
might be ilirred up to their rcfpedive 
duties, and ancient zeal, ardour, and beauty 
reftored to the churches. From thence I 
went to James Huchinfon's, where I had 
N n aa 

276 The journal of 

an open ferviceable meeting; I hope to the 
comfort and help of many. The 28th I 
had a meeting at Ballinakill, where I had 
a good degree of opennefs, for the help and 
encouragement of friends in the way of 
well-doing ; but things were very low there, 
as to the life of religion. I went after 
meeting to Carlow, in order to attend the 
province fix weeks meeting. Many friends, 
from the feveral parts of the province, 
came to it. It was a large meeting, and 
confidering the low declined ftate of things, 
we were favoured with wonderful extend- 
Ings of heavenly power, wifdom, and living 
virtue, in order to heal and reftore back- 
fliding Ifrael. Great and marvellous is, 
and hath been, the condefcenfion of the 
Almighty to his peoplcj through all ages! 
The dodrine of the gofpel flowed forth 
freely to the feveral ftates of thofe prefent, 
and many were much humbled, in an aw- 
ful fenfe of the divine prefence, which is 
the life and ftrength of God's people. I 
had a large meeting at the fame place on 
firfl-day, the 30th, it was a bleffed oppor- 
tunity of favour and faving help extended 
to thofe prefent : furely, if thefe high bene- 
fits are not duly improved, great will be 
the condemnation of thofe upon whom 
they are beftowed. I went from thence 
home, with my kind friends Robert Lackey 
and wife, and had the next day a precious 
open meeting and good fervice therein, 




at the houfe of our worthy ancient friend 
Samuel • Watfou, of Killconner. I went 
from thence to Rofs, where, at the houfc 
of Samuel EI7, I had a low affliding meet- 
ing, but little to be felt of the life of re- 
ligion. I was quite fluit up as to miniftry. 
From thence I went to Waterford, where 
on the 3d of the 4th month, I had a large 
meeting; it proved a time of cloie labour; 
yet I waded through to mine own eafe, in 
a good degree. On the 4th, I had an open 
precious meeting at Clonmell. Oh, how 
the heavenly virtue did llream forth! in 
dodlrine and counfel, for the help, encou- 
ragement, and ftirrin'g up of friends and 
others, to their religious duty. The great 
name of our God was adored and mag- 
nified. The 5th I went to Cork, and at- 
tended their meetings on firft-day. They 
were large, and although the declenfion 
from the life and fimplicity of truth is very 
great and obvious amongft friends in that 
city, and many under our name are much 
defiled with the love of earthly gratifica- 
tions, preferring their outward intereft to 
that of religion ; yet great was the extend- 
ingvS of divine love and favour for their 
help and recovery. The dodrines of the 
gofpel were thereby largely and livingly 
opened, I hope to the comfort and help of 
m.any, caufing the hearts of a fincere, up- 
right-minded remnant amongft them great- 
ly to rejoice with thankfulnefs. On- third- 

2278 The journal of 

day, the 8th, I attended a very large meet- 
ing there, both of friends and people of 
oriv:.T religious perfua.ions ; it being ap- 
pointed for the marriage of our friend 
Samuel Neal to a daughter of Jofliua Beale, 
and grand- daughter of our worthy friend 
Jofeph Pike, deceafed. The fore part of 
this meeting was very cloudy and painful, 
but the fincere travail of the upright in 
heart prevailed with the Lord to arife; then 
his enemies were fcattered, and the glorious 
powerful truth fhone forth in its beauty, 
whereby the poor had the gofpel to preach, 
in the blefTed demonftration thereof. It 
was a time not to be eafily forgotten; 
made fo by his refrelliing prefence, who 
turned our water of afliiclion into the re- 
viving wine of his kingdom; to whom, 
for the multitude of his mercies to his 
church and people, be humble thankfgiv- 
ing, fincere obedience, and praifes for ever- 
more. Amen ! I v;'ent from Cork direct- 
ly to Limerick, where on the 1 1 th I had 
a thorough open meeting, and the tefli- 
mony of truth was greatly exalted, I hope 
to the coiTifort and help of many. I often 
much admired the divine condeicenfion, in 
the open vifitations of his unmerited love 
and long-fuiTering kindnefs, to a greatly 
revolted and backfliding people. But what 
we finite creatures cannot comprehend, ^of 
his unfathomable regard to the workman- 
ship, of his hands, we ought to adore and 



worfhip him for, with reverence and awful 
fear. So be it, fliith my foul, both in time 
and eternity. I went from thence to Kill- 
connen-Moor, where on firil-day, the 13th, 
I attended their meeting, which was but 
fmall, and my fervice therein was very la- 
borious. The teftimony given to bear went 
forth very iharp againft wrong liberties, 
I was much afflicted, in a fenfe of the al- 
moft defolate ftate of that meeting, which 
that worthy man John Alhton, being firft 
himfelf convinced in that remote place, 
was the inftrument, in the Lord's hand, 
by his favoury circumfpeil life and labour 
to gather, I had a meeting in the afternoon 
at Birr, where there are but few of our fo- 
ciety, but many of the people called me- 
thodifls, and foldiers came in. The gof- 
pel of life and falvation was largely preach- 
ed unto them. The neceffity of the new- 
birth was urged and preiTmgly enforced. 
The nature whereof, from a degree of ex- 
perience, being fet forth, the meeting ap- 
peared to be generally affected, and, I hope, 
it was a ferviceable time. Some of the 
methodifts did in words exprcfs their great 
fatisfacStion, after meeting, beyond What I 
choofe to mention. On the 15th I had a 
very painful exerciling meeting at the Moat, 
Great indeed was the diflrefs of my mind, 
viewing the general hardnefs and infenfibi- 
lity, as well as the vain frothy light fpirits 
pf fome. I had very little opennefs, and 


s8o The JOURNAL of 

fcarcely any thing to deliver, but under a 
fenfe of the Lord's anger being kindled 
againft them, by whom, if they do not re- 
pent, they will be rejeded. Though, I 
hope, there were fome few had a degree 
of tendernefs and good delires ; but, alas ! 
it is a hard lot for fuch who have a fenfe 
of feeling, to be incorporated with a peo- 
ple generally fo infenfible of the life of re- 
ligion ; but the Lord is all-fufficient for 
thofe who put their trufl in him. From 
thence I went to the Freeman's, near Old- 
Caftle, where, on the i8th in the morn- 
ing, I had a meeting held at their houfe, 
for our friends only, in which I had matter 
and utterance given fuitable to the dates of 
the few prefent, who were pretty much 
affedled with the teftimony of truth. In 
the afternoon I had a large meeting in 
friends meeting-houfe at Old-Caftle. I 
underftood after meeting, they were moftly 
papifts. I had a large opportunity to pub- 
iifh the truths of the gofpel, with con- 
fiderable clearnefs ; fliewing the neceffity of 
obtaining vi(5lory over fin, through the power 
and efficacy of living faith in Chrift; by 
whom only, full remilTion of fin is to be 
obtained, upon fincere repentance; fliew- 
ing, in fome meafure, the great danger of 
fuppofing the Ahnighty hath delegated the 
power of forgiving fins to any man, or fet 
of men whatever; that all who were defirous 
to be freed therefrom, muft know the work 



of God's fpirit in their hearts, to work that 
change, or to bring forth that new-birth 
our Lord tknght Nicodemus the neceffity 
of. The auditory were generally quiet and 
attentive, appearing to depart well fatif- 
fied. One of the papifts after meeting did 
to me exprefs much fatisfadlion wifli the 
docftrine delivered. But I underftood one 
or two priefts were much offended there- 
with, yet they faid nothing to me; fo all 
paffed off quiet, as was my mind, having 
fweet comfort in the labour of that day. 
From thence I went to Coothill, and the 
20th was at their firft-day meeting, where- 
in I was largely concerned in a clofe rou- 
fing teftimony. It was very fliarp againft 
the inordinate love of the world, which, 
and other undue liberty, feemed to mc to 
have almoft laid that meeting wafte. Their 
monthly-meeting of bufinefs was held that 
day, which to me was another token of 
their little regard to tlie great caufe of re- 
ligion and virtue, that they could not find 
it in their hearts to beftow another day for 
tranfacfling the weighty affairs of the church, 
which I have always obferved to be the cafe, 
where friends are really alive in religion, and 
not narrowed up by the love of the world. 
It hath often appeared wonderful to me, 
how the profeffors of truth dare offer fuch 
an indignity to the infinite being, and his 
awful work, as to put it off until it fuits 
them beft, and when they are likely to fur- 


282 The JOURNAL of 

fer the leaft difadvantange in that refpecfl to 
their outward affairs. What is pointed 
out by the offerings under the law, being 
of the firfl year and without blemifli ? And 
what is meant by offering the lirft-fruits to 
the Lord ? Oh, how ungratefully do fome 
adl:, as if any thing, or any time, was good 
enough to offer unto him! I have obferved 
in fome places, though I can with com- 
fort fay, it was but in very few, that they 
hold their monthly and quarterly-meetings 
in the afternoon, and having thus limit- 
ed themfelves for time, they feem as 
if they could fpare but little of it in 
filent waiting, to feek the Lord's bleffed 
affiflance, and in faith to look for the pour- 
ing forth of the holy fpirit promifed in 
this gofpel-day. But I have obferved them 
to enter on the bufinefs as they have come 
out of the world; m.oving in thefe weighty 
affairs in man's natural abilities, whereby 
darknefs reigns, and the glorious light and 
life of truth is obfcured, and they come to 
be fo benighted, as to fee no neceffity to 
wait for it. Thus all living zeal, and 
every qualification for carrying on the Lord's 
work is loft, and vain man thinks he can do 
without it. I am well affured, by living 
experience, as well as the practice truth 
hath led friends into in all places (a few 
excepted) that it is the indifpenfable duty 
of our fociety, every where, to dedicate a 
week-day, viz. a day when they are not 



debarred by the laws of the land to fol- 
low their outward buiinefs, for traniadliiig 
the weighty affairs of difcipline and good 
order ; and to meet in the fore-p:*irt there- 
of, men and women together, then and 
there to wait upon the Lord, for the virtue 
of his holy fpirit; and when they have 
thus waited a proper time, then the mea 
and women in their feparate apartments, 
with awful fear, and a weighty care upon 
all their minds as in the prefence of the 
Lord, to proceed in their refpe(!?^ive parts of 
this great work; which is the Lord's, and 
cannot poffibly be profitably done but by 
his immediate aiTiftance. This I leave upon 
record, as my well-grounded teftimony for 
God and his church. I attended what 
they called their monthly-meeting, and by 
looking a little into the flate of things, I 
found them much out of order, and did not 
wonder at it, as I found they had dropped 
their week-day meeting. At my requefl 
the women were defired to be prefent, when 
much labour v/as beftowed for their help, 
particularly to revive their week-day meet- 
ing; they agreed to endeavour for it, and 
made a minute for that purpofe in their 
monthly-meeting book. But, alas! the life 
of religion feemed to be almofl loil; their 
flate being confufed and diforderly, by 
mixed marriages, and the negledl of dif- 
cipline. They appeared part one thing and 
part another; which, if it was fo offenfive 
O to 

284 The journal of 

to God, and fo diftreffing to his people 
under the old covenant, how can it be lefs 
fb now? But when people's views are car- 
nal and felfiih, they regard none of thefe 
things, although the hazard is fo infinitely 
great, I had a fmall poor meeting at Caftle- 
ihane next day, where, to my great forrow 
and pain, 1 could not perceive any alive in 
religion. Some labour in teftimony was 
beftowed, but to outward appearance it 
took very li:tie effedl. From thence I went 
to Thomas Greer's, at Dungannon, and on 
the 23d had a large meeting at Charle- 
mount, where I was concerned to declare 
truth, as utterance was given, in a very 
clofe fearching manner ; not without fharp 
rebukes to fuch, who, by defiling liberties, 
had brought an ill favour and caufed the 
way of truth to be evil fpoken of. My 
mind was comfortably relieved after the 
fervice of this meeting w^as over, being dis- 
charged of a heavy load. The next day I 
had a very painful and exercifing meeting 
at Ballyhagan. The appearance of the pro- 
feflbrs was in general plain ; but, alas ! with 
refpedl to the life of religion, they feemed, 
in my view, for the mofi: part, like pictures 
or images. Surely the blindnefs and flupi- 
dity muft be exceeding great, if it be pof- 
fible for people in that (late, to imagine or 
dream they are the people of God. I was, 
through divine favour, enabled to clear 
myfelf of them, by a fharp fearching and 



clofe teitlmony, in the difcharge whereof I 
had peace. The meeting was very large, 
as to number. The 25t:h I went to the 
province meeting of minifters and elders, 
held in Lm^gan. My fpirit was deeply 
affedled therein, with a forrowful fcnfe^ that 
fome of the leaders of the people had caufed 
them to err, and by their love for, and eager 
pm'fuit after worldly enjoyments, had large- 
ly contributed to obfcure the way of the 
Lord, fo that the ferious inquirers ?fter the 
paths which lead to peace, could not, by 
obferving their fteps, find them out. Oh, 
what a deplorable ftate that is ! I was fa- 
voured with living authority and clearnefs, 
to difcharge my mind towards fuch with 
great plainnefs, which feemed to faften clofely 
on fome: may they profit thereby, and the 
end will be anfwered. The province meet- 
ing was held next day, in which I had weighty 
fervice. But, alas! they are far gone (a 
few excepted) from the life and power of 
religion; yet I found much good-will ex- 
tended for their recovery and help, and the 
heavenly power wonderfully opened my 
mouth, and enlarged my heart, to deliver 
fuitable dodlrine to their conditions, in 
which I had peace, and many were affecfled 
and reached therewith. Oh, how unwilling 
is the Lord to give up the offspring of his 
people ! I attended Lurgan meeting on firft- 
day, the 26th, which, through the divine 
manifeftations of heavenly power, was in- 

ii86 The JOURNAL of 

deed a very awakening time to the unfaitli- 
ful, as well as of Iweet refrelliment to 
the few mourners in and for Sion. I went 
after meeting to Lifburn, and had a very 
open fatisfadory meeting there next day. 
The teftimony of truth went forth in an 
affeCling manner, to the tendering many 
hearts. It was a time of humbling, en- 
couragement to the honeft-he^rted. The 
next day I had a very poor afflicJling m.eet- 
ing at Hillfborough, things being very low 
there. The 30th I had a very large meet- 
ing at Ballenderry, in which I had tho- 
rough fervice. The teftimony of truth 
v/ent forth with much clearnefs and de- 
jnonfLration, being, through divine favour, 
an eminent time, and many dates fpoke 
ciofcly to, I hope to their advantage. On 
iifth-day, the firft of the 5th month, I had 
a meeting at Moyallen, which was a painful 
cloudy time. The teftimony delivered was 
very fearching, in order to ftir up carelefs 
profefTors, fome of whom feemed, in a 
great meafure, to have deferted the caufe 
of religion, and to have too much embraced 
this prefent world. The 2d I fet out for 
Dublin, in order firfl to attend the province 
meeting for Leinfler, and then the half year's 
meeting, both to be held there in one 
week. I lodged that night at an inn in 
Dunlere, and next day got to Dublin. On 
firft-day, the 4th of the 5th month, I went 
to Meath-Street in the morning, where 



truth greatly favoured, in opening dadlrine 
and counfei, to the edification and comfort 
of many, as well as in caution and warning 
to the difobedient and lukewarm profeiTors. 
In the afternoon at Sycaniore-Ailey, it pro- 
ved a laborious painful time of lilence, to 
which, perhaps, the expecflation and defire 
of the people after words might not a lit- 
tle contribute. On fecond-day, the jth, 
was held their province meeting of mini- 
fters and elders. It was a painful heavy 
time, but, through divine favour, fome 
relief was adminiftered towards the con- 
clulion. Next day was held the quarterly- 
meeting for Leinfter province, in which I 
had open thorough fervice, both in minif- 
try, and aifo in relation to good order and 
the difcipline of the church. On fourth- 
day, the 8 th of the 5th month, third hour 
in the afternoon, began their national meet- 
ing of;-minifters and elders, wherein the 
Lord was pleafed to open profitable in- 
ftruclion, to- the great comfort and edifica- 
tion of many. Next day we had a meeting 
for worfhip in the 'morning, wherein di- 
vine favour was plentifully extended, and 
the do<5lrine of truth largely opened. The 
meeting ^ of 'bufinefs for the whole nation 
was held in the afternoon, in which a* de- 
gree of divine wifdom and flrength were 
adminiftered for our help in the manage- 
ment thereof. On fixth-day morning Vv^as 
held a large meeting for worfliip at Syca- 

288 The JOURNAL op 

more-Alley, which was wonderfully over- 
fhadowed with heavenly goodnefs, and the 
teftimony of truth went forth freely, being 
mvich exalted. In the afternoon the affairs 
of the church continued ; and on feventh- 
day, both fore and afternoon were employed 
in them. Divine goodnefs was com- 
fortably near, for the help and recovery of 
a declined people, flirring up the hearts of 
fome, as he did the heart of Nehemiah 
formerly, to feek the profperity and welfare 
of the city of God. I found a confiderable 
alteration for the better, by fome reviving 
and growth in the life of religion, amongft 
friends in this nation. That painful fliat- 
nefs and infenfibility, which I former- 
ly mourned forely under a fenfe of, did not 
appear fo generally to overfpread the 
churches now, as then; though in fome 
places it was rather worfe than better; yet 
I think, upon the whole, things were 
mended in a religious fenfe. The Lord, 
in merciful kindnefs to them, not only fent 
divers fubflantial inftruments from diftant 
parts, to vifit them; but alfo, as before 
noted, moved upon the hearts of fome a- 
mongfl: themfelves, to labour for reftor- 
ing ancient comehnefs, by vifiting their 
monthly and quarterly, or province meet- 
ings, for the promotion of good order and 
difcipiine ; the reviving whereof, in the 
wifdom which is from above, proves an ef- 
fe(flual means to increafe and exalt the vir- 


tue and power of true religion. A concern 
of this nature came weightily upon the na- 
tional meeting at this time, in the feeling 
whereof, under the holy influence of hea- 
venly light, friends nominated a certain 
number to vifit the monthly meetings in 
Leinfter province. 

I cannot well omit making a remark 
upon appointments, as I apprehend Ibme 
have, by the fubtilty of Satan, been pre- 
vailed upon to rejedt them : I believe all 
fuch do not defign an injury to the fociety ; 
but he who deceives them, intends there- 
by the obftrucling that great and necefliiry 
engagement, of maintaining good order and 
difcipHne. I ardently delire, that all who 
imdertake to move and adl in the church of 
God, may be well informed what is the 
fpring of adlion to them, and moves them 
therein. If it be the fpirit of God, they 
dare do nothing againft the truth, but all 
in their power in order to promote it, 
that being their greateft delight. But if it 
be felf, it will feek its own honour, and be 
very fond of victory, and be difgulled whe# 
it cannot role and carry matters and things 
its own way. 

On firft-day, the nth, many country 
friends being yet in the city, we had, 
it was thought, the largeft meeting 
known at fuch a time, for many years, and, 
by the bleffed dominio,n of the everlaftino* 
truth, it was a time of great favour. The 
fincere-hearted were fweetly comforted, the 


2()o The journal of 

difobedient warned, and in the free power- 
ful opening of gofpel life, mnch doiflrine 
and counfel were adminiftered, tending to 
beget faith in the eternal power of God. 
The afternoon meeting was, for the mod 
part, held in an awful folemn filence. On 
fecond-day was held a meeting of minifters 
and elders, wherein divine goodnefs was 
pleafed to open the free fountain of life 
and healing virtue ; in whom we had to re- 
joice with joy unfpeakable and full of 
glory. His name was greatly exalted, mag- 
nified, and adored amongft us. After this 
meeting, apprehending myfelf now quite 
clear of any farther fervice, at this time, 
having, through infinite kindnefs^ been 
much favoured and enlarged therein, 
through mofl parts of the nation, but more 
efpecially at the late great meetings in 
Dublin, I was very earnefl in my mind 
to embark for England, and fo to leave things 
whilfl frefii-and well; always having an 
averfion to loitering amongfl friends until 
they flatten. But though there were feve- 
lial Ihips ready to fail for Parkgate, ,yet I 
could not get away till after their week- 
day meeting, on third-day, in Meath-Street ; 
to which meeting, I muft fay, I went with 
confiderable reludlance, for the reafon above- 
mentioned. But we are very fhort-fighted 
creatures; for this meeting, notwithfland- 
ing my unwillingnefs to be at it, proved a 
memorable time; many country friends be- 


ing ftill in the city, it was a folemn taking 
leave one of another, in tlie precious flowing 
of the holy unity by the one fpirit. Next 
day about noon, in company with feven 
friends intending for the yearly-meeting 
in London, I embarked on board the Kil- 
dare, captain M'Culloch, and landed at 
Parkgate about ten o'clock next morning, 
where we hired horfes and proceeded to- 
wards London. But when we had travelled 
as far as Coventry, apprehending I might 
reach home, fo as to have three whole days 
with my family before the yearly-meeting ; 
and it being but about twenty miles more 
riding, I concluded therefore to do fo ; my 
kind friend Robert Lackey agreeing to bear 
me company. This being on feventh-day, 
the 17th, we got to Northampton that 
night, and ftaid their meeting next day, 
which was fmall, and the life of religion 
appeared to me very low there. The 
meeting was held in filence. I got home 
on third-day, the 20th of the 5th month, 
1760, finding my dear wife and family in 
good health, to our mutual joy and thank- 
fulnefs to the Lord, who leads out, carries 
through, and brings home again in peace, 
thofe who truft in him. Bleffed and praifed 
be his worthy name for ever ! I was in- 
deed largely favoured in the before-men- 
tioned journey, of which, for mine en- 
couragement to give up in humble con- 
fidence in the Lord's power, I had a clear 
P p foreiight 

292 The JOURNAL OF ^ 

forefight before I entered upon it, which I 
efteemed a high favour. I was from home 
about twelve weeks and three days, travel- 
led in that time upwards of 1300 miles, 
and was at about 58 meetings. Our friend 
Robert Lackey, myfelf and wife, went 
to the yearly-meeting in London, which 
began on feventh-day the 24th of the 5th 
month, for minifters and elders. An efta- 
blilhment, which I hope will be of great 
fervice throughout the fociety in thefe na- 
tions ; as inquiries are made at this meet- 
ing, by calling for anfvvers from the feve- 
ral parts, to certain queries agreed on, re- 
lating to the condudl of friends in the fta- 
tions above-mentioned ; and advice admini- 
ftered as occafion may require. Common 
reafon will inform us, that when the main 
pillars give way, the building muft inevita- 
bly fall. It is therefore prudent to take 
due care concerning them. An eminent 
fervant of the Lord wifely obferved to this 
efFedl, viz. That there never was an apo- 
Itacy from the life and purity of religion, 
until the minifters and elders gave way. 
How important then are their ftations, and 
what great need have they themfelve-s, and 
likewiie the church, carefully to obferve 
Vv^hether or no they ftand upright, feeing 
lb much depends thereon. On fecond-day 
following was opened the yearly-meeting of 
bufinefs, which continued, by adjourn- 
ments, inoft or all the week; being a folemn 




weighty meeting, of very great import- 
ance to the fociety: careful inquiries are 
there made, mto the ftate thereof, in order 
to communicate fuch help, as in the wif- 
dom of truth may appear proper and aecef- 
fl I am free to give a ihort account here, 
ot the begmnmg or rife of one very import- 
ant affair which came before this yearly- 
meetmg, as I Ihall have occafion hereafter 
to make fome mention of its progrefs and 
iuccefs, VIZ. A nomination of friends, to 
viiit all the monthly and quarterly-meet^ 
ings of friends in this nation, for their help 
m promoting good order and difcipline in 
«ie ieveral parts. Upon reading the au- 
iwers to the ufual queries from the fe- 
veral quarterly-meetings, great ilacknefs and 
unfaithfulnefs in divers places in fome 
weighty branches of our Chriftian tefti- 
mony appeared, notwithftanding the great 
and earneft endeavours made ufe of by the 
yearly-meeting from year to year, by way 
ot advice, caution, and counfel: the fenfe 
whereof deeply afteaed fome minds, who 
in humble proftration before the Lord' 
were ready to fay. What wilt thou do for 
thy great name's fake, and to heal the back- 
ilidmgs of thy people? A friend under this 
exercife, and an awful fenfe of the divine 
prefence which was near, (lood up, taking- 
notice of the apparent defection above-hint- 
ed; and that as all the means hitherto uled 
by the truly Ciuiftian labour of preceding 


-94 The JOURNAL of 

yearly-meetings, had not proved fuflScient 
to flop the declenfion, which feemed rather 
to increafe ; that now it behoved that meet- 
ing, deeply and weightily to confider what 
remained yet to be done for the help and 
recovery of the fociety, to its ancient purity 
and comely order, or to that import. This 
feemed to open the way for our worthy 
friend Jofeph White of Pennfylvania, who 
was then upon a religious vilit in this na- 
tion, to lay before that meeting what he 
faid had been much upon his mind mofl 
of the time fince he landed, and which 
feemed to increafe in clearnefs and 
weight as that yearly-meeting drew near; 
and that he now found it was the proper 
time to deliver the fame, viz. That the 
yearly-meeting do appoint a fuitable. num- 
ber of folid, weighty, judicious friends, to 
vilit all the quarterly and monthly-meet- 
ings in England, therein to ufe their Chrif- 
tian endeavours, in the love of God, for 
the promotion and revival of wholefome 
difcipline, and the comely order of the gof- 
pel in the churches. Great was the awful 
folemnity which covered the meeting, dur- 
ing its deliberation on this very important 
affair. The weight of the heavenly power 
was fo exceeding great and awful, that it 
was very hard for any contrary fpirits to 
appear; yet objed:ions againft appointments 
for fuch fervices were advanced by fome. 
It was therefore propofed, that friends who 



found a concern on their minds to engage 
' in the faid undertaking, would give in their- 
names. The Lord's heavenly power being 
at work, like leaven, in the meeting, a 
wonderful time of divine favour it was, 
wherein about fifty-eight offered themfelves 

Before I infert any account of the 
progrefs made in the above-mentioned fer- 
vice, I have to take notice of a journey into 
the Weft of England, which, in company 
with my friend Richard Brev\rfter, I entered 
upon the 9th of the 9th month this year. 
We went to Plaiftow monthly-meeting, 
where, unexpedledly, I had fome pretty dole 
fervice. Next day, being joined at London 
by my efteemed friend Thomas Corbyn, 
w^e proceeded on our way, in order to at- 
tend the circular yearly-meeting for the 
weftern counties, to be heid at Wotton- 
under-Edge, in Gloucefterihire, which be- 
gan on firft-day, the 14th of the gth 
month, and ended on the third-day fol- 
lowing. Many of our fociety from divers 
pares, attended, and a vaft c.oi>courfe of 
other people, who generally behaved in a 
becoming manner, carrying themfelves very 
refpedlfully to friends, and I hope the meet- 
ing was in the main, ferviceable; yet the 
heavenly power was not exalted to fo high 
a degree, as thoie whofe life and all is 
in it could have defired. It is th^t 
alone which is able to open people's way 


«96 The JOURNAL of 
rightly to^ our Sion ; not the fineft and 
moft coni.ftent fet lof principles:"curiouf^ 
%, ^". .f""h and difplayed without it 

tW ' %' '^r. ^''^^"^ P°^^r is the only 
•\xr^-- . nic^ned. We went from 

h!d?clo,^ r"\^""^-''^' ^^ Earthcott, and 
nn f cloie fearchmg meeting at Thornbury 

as to the hfe of rehgion. We had a mp^r 
-g next day at Earth1:ott, wherein theTeft I 
niony of truth went forch very ftarp againft 

tended their meeting on fixth-day, where 
tmth^ and its teftirnony was exaked over 
wrong things; and unfaithful, dXderlv 

Htf S/r ''' *^ ^°---n and autht 
ncy thereof, warned, and the humble fin- 
cere traveller Sion- ward, comforted: it beitg 

Die time. In the afternoon was held their 
"meeting of minifters an<l elders, whereTn 
we had fome very clofe work with a tron- 
blefome importer, who had given fr endc 
there mueh uneafmefs, by hfs un/Jvo "v 
anu unfandified public appearances The 
iudg,,ent of truth wis fet Z., him ^hoiTgh 

On fiiR-day, the 21ft, we attended three 



meetings there; and notwithftanding the 
mournful declenfion fo vilible amonglt 
friends in that city, yet the Lord graciouily 
appeared for their help and recovery ; open- 
ing the dodtrine of truth in a clear and 
plentiful manner to their feveral ftates, 
with which many appeared pretty much af- 
fed:ed. And although there is yet much 
caufe to lament their degeneracy in too 
general a way, yet I hope and believe 
there hath been a confiderable reviving 
in the beft fenfe, amongft fome of them^ 
efpecially the youth, fince I was there be- 
fore. On fecond-day morning we had a 
thorough rouling meeting at Portfhead in. 
Somerfetftiire, and in the afternoon a large 
mieeting at Clareham; the latter was 
exceeding cloudy and aifHiding for a con- 
fiderable time ; but at length, it pleafed the 
Lord to arife and to give the word, with 
underftanding to divide the fame in a plain, 
powerful manner, and a very awakening 
time it was; it went forth very fliarp a- 
gainft indifFerency and empty formality, 
which greatly depreffed the true feed in 
that meeting: I hope it was a profitable 
time. On third-day we had a very open, 
ferviceable meeting at Sedcott; the tefti- 
mony of truth flowed forth freely to the 
feveral dates of thofe prefent. After meet- 
ing we vv-ent to Bridgwaier. On fourth-day 
was held the quarterly-meeting for Sonier- 


298 The journal of 

fet. In the forenoon we had a large 
meeting for worfliip, both of friends and 
others ; fome previous endeavours, I under- 
llood had beeii ufed, to invite the neigh- 
bours, which, I think, was iK)t well judg- 
ed, neither fhould I have encouraged it at 
fuch a time, had I been confulted. The 
leadings and poiiitiug^ our of truth fliould 
be always minded, in calling or inviting 
people of other perfuafions to our meetings ; 
for I have fometimes thought them a bar in 
the way of dealing fuitably with profefTors 
of the truth, and therefore it is my judg- 
ment, they ftiould not be called to our meet- 
ings, unlefs thcle who travel in the fervice 
of truth fignify their defire to have it fo, 
to thofe who have the care of appointing 
meetings. The power of the gofpel, open- 
ing and exalting the dodrine thereof, was 
Hvingly and comfortably extended in that 
meeting; yet I apprehended, other people 
were then rather in the way of our hand- 
ling the ftate of fome profellors there, in a 
manner truth would have led to, had friends 
been by themfelves.* The meeting of bu- 
finefs followed, and was adjourned till the 
afternoon, wherein truth appeared to the 
help of thofe who know their fufficiency 
to be of God. We who were Grangers, 
had good fervice therein. Next morning 
w^e parted with my friend Thomas Corbyn, 
who returned home, and my companion and 
I proceeded on our journey. We had a meet- 


ing at Taunton, on fifth-day morning, and 
at Milverton in the evening. At both 
which I had clofe fervice, tending to llir 
friends up to more Hvely zeai and reUgi- 
ous concern of mind. On fixth-day we 
had a painful laborious meeting at Welling- 
ton. The teftimony of truth went forth 
very clofe and fharp againft thofe, who, 
under the profeffion thereof, bow down 
to the world, and its perifliing enjoyments* 
It appeared to me, the life of religion was 
much depreiTed in that meeting. On feventh- 
day we had a meeting at Cullumpton, which 
was a cloudy trying time mod of the meet- 
ing; yet towards the conclufion, truth ob- 
tained the victory, and coniiderable domini- 
on over things of a contrary nature to itfelf* 
We went after meeting to Exeter, and on 
fir^-day, the 28th, were at two meetings 
there; and although their number appeared 
confiderable, yet that holy living fenfe and 
weight of divine virtue which is the crov/a 
and diadem of all our religous alTemblies, 
was very low, and little telt, through the 
too general flacknefs and lukev\farmnefs of 
profeiTors, confequently, not much coviid be 
done towards exalting truth's teftimony a- 
mongil them. On fecond-day we went to Bo- 
vey, and had a poor, laborious meeting, there 
being very few, if any, that I could fine], 
truly alive in religion. When that is felc 
to be the ftate of any meeting, oh! whac 

3O0 The JOURNAL of 

pain and anxiety covers the hearts of poor 
travellers in the fervlce of the gofpel ! The 
next day we w^ent to King's-bridge, and on 
fourth and fifth-day attended the quarter- 
ly-meeting for Devonfliire held there; 
wherein the great mafter of our airemblies 
gracioufly condefcended to their very low, 
weak, and unfkilful Hate, opening doclrine 
and counfel for their help ; furfiilhing w4th 
clofe admonition to fuch in high ftations, 
wdio either indulged themfelves or families 
in undue liberties, tending to lay a people 
wafte, whom the Lord, by an out-ftretched 
arm, gathered out of the fafliions anci 
changeable culloms of a vain world, to 
himlelf the unchangeable fountain of good. 
On fixth and feventh days we travelled 
through Plymouth and fundry other towns, 
to Penryn, in Cornwall, and had two opeUj 
precious meetings at Falmouth, on firft- 
day, the fifth of the loth month. On 
fecond-day, accompanied by many friends^ 
w^e went to Penzance, where, on third-day, 
was held the quarterly-meeting for Corn- 
wall. Truth wonderfully appeared in that 
meeting, confidering their low, weak, and 
unfaithful (late. The teftimony thereof 
was much exalted, and went forth with 
clearnefs and good demouilration to their 
ftates, and the meeting appeared to be mvich 
afFedled therewith. There was alfo fome,- 
thing very encouraging to the honed- heart- 
ed; I hope it was a time of awakening 



and profit to many. In the evening we 
had what was called a feiedl meeting, for 
minifters and elders; but it was fo far from 
felecl, that the fervice feemed to be wholly 
obftruded, by the crouding in of many 
who were not fit to be admitted into fuch 
meetings; where minifters and elders may^ 
and often are concerned co ufe fuch freedoms, 
in advice, caution, and counfel, as would 
be altogether unluitable for thofe who are 
raw and inexperienced to be privy to, as 
they might be likely to make improper ufe 
thereof. I laid before friends the hurt and 
difadvantage of fuch a promifcuous gather- 
ing, upon that occafion, and advifed them 
to be careful not to lay wade the fervice of 
thofe meetings for the future; for I found 
myfelf much ftraitened, as I could not, 
v^itli prudence, deliver what feemed to ap- 
pear before the view of my mind at that 
time, for the reafon above-mentioned. On 
fourth-day, the concluding meeting was 
held at Market- Jew, wdierein truth and 
the teftimony thereof was comfortably ex- 
alted. But, alas! forrovv^ful is the declen- 
lion of the fociety in thofe parts, both as to 
number, and a holy living zeal; yet mer- 
ciful goodnefs was largely and affe6lingly 
extended for their help and recovery. 
From thence Vv^e took the following meet- 
ings in our return to Plymouth, viz. 
Auftel, Lifkard, and Germans, where I 
found the life of religion mournfully low 


S02 The JOURNAL of 

and deprefied ; yet the Lord was pleafed to 
open the v/ay to fome, I hope profitable 
endeavours tor their reviving, in the exer- 
cile whereof I had peace. 1 attended Ply- 
mouth meetings on firft-day, the 12th. 
This was a very painful, laborious time, as 
but very little of the life and holy efficacy 
of true religion had place, moil under our 
profeffion having made large advances to- 
wards the world, and but tew endued with 
Chriliian courage to make a ftand againft 
prevailing undue liberties. The flate of 
a meeting beii g thus, oh, how doth death^ 
darknef^, and mfenfibility gain the afcen- 
dancy ! My fpirit was deeply afilidled at 
that place, yet 1 was, through divine favour, 
enabled to clear myfelf of the fervice re- 
quired ; wlicrebv I had fome relief. We 
travelled from thence diredlly to Exeter, 
and on third' day attended a meeting there, * 
appointed for the accomplifliment of a mar- 
riage. Truth mercifully opened the way j 
to lome fatisfaclion, in the difcharge of the '■ 
fervice required, to the advantage of the 
meeting. From thence we went to Chard, 
and had a very fmall poor meeting there on 
fifth-day morning, and w^as deeply affecfled 
with their low weak ftate. I had a pretty 
thorough ferviccable meeting in the after- 
noon, at Ihniniter; though I felt much 
pain of mind there alfo, in a fenfe of that 
which hath almoit laid our fbciety wafte ia 
(qwx.:^ and exceedingly hurt it in mod 



places, viz. the inordinate love of earthly- 
things; and refting iktisfied in a profeffion 
of religion only. "We took the following 
meetii gs in our way to Bath, viz. Yeovil, 
Long button, Grinton, Shepton-Mallet, 
Froome, Hallawtrow, and Belton; where 
things, as to the life and true feeling fcnfc 
of religion, appear but low in general ; yet 
merciful kindnefs was extended, in a live- 
ly, open, large, and powerful manner, 
both immediately and initru mentally, in 
order to quicken, reflore, and turn a* 
gain backfliding Ifrael. On firil-day, the 
26th of the loth month, we attended two 
meetings at Bath, w^hich were indeed pain- 
ful and very afflidling, as the grandeur, 
friendfliip, and vain cuftoms of this world, 
feem to have almoft erafed from moft of 
their minds, the defire of feeking happinefs 
in another: yet merciful condefcenlion 
was remarkably extended, in fome earnell 
and awakening endeavours, to bring them 
to a right fenfe of things. On fecond-day 
morning we fet our faces homewards, where, 
to my great fatisfadtion I arrived on fourth- 
day in the evening, and found my dear wife 
and family well ; having been out this 
journey feven weeks and two days, in which 
time, by account, we travelled upwards of" 
Soo miles, and were at about 51 meetings. 

Purfuant to the direcftion and appomt- 
ment of the yearly-meeting 1760, for vifit- 
ing the monthly and quarterly meetings of 


364 The JOURNAL of 

friends in this nation; on the nth day 
of the I ft month, 1761, my efteemed friends, 
John Emms, Matthew Mellor, Thomas 
Corbyn, and Jofeph Taylor, joined me at 
Chehiisford, we having before agreed (by 
divine permiffion) to vifit the monthly and 
quarterly-meetings of friends, in Eflex, 
Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgefhire, Hun- 
tingtonfliire, the Ifle of Ely, Hertford- 
fliire, and Bedfordfliire. The next day, be- 
ing the 1 2th, our monthly meeting was 
held, wherein the above-named friends had 
good fervice, tending to promote difcipline 
and good order amongft us. The blelTed 
eiEcacy of the living word accompanied 
their honeft labours, which rendered the 
fame very acceptable to fome, and I hope of 
general advantage for the promotion of 
truth. The 14th we vifited Felfted month- 
ly-meeting, held at Stebbing; the ftate of 
which appeared very low and weak, through 
the defedlion and lukewarmnefs of many 
members, whereby the life of religion was 
greatly depreffed; yet the Lord w^as graci- 
oufly pleafed to arife, for his great name 
and people's fake, in whofe living power 
and v/ifdcm m.uch labour was beftowed 
for their help and recovery; a few fincere- 
hearted members amongft themfelves, join- 
ing with us herein. The i6Lh we vifited 
Thaxfted monthly-meeting, and by inquiry 
made, it appeared, many of their members 
were very flack and defective in divers 



branches of our Chriflian teftimony; and 
moft of the adlive members had but 
little experience in the eflential qualifica- 
tions for efFedual fervice in the church, 
which muft all proceed immediately from 
the great Father of lights and fpirits. It 
would be very abfurd to imagine a lefs or 
inferior ability to adminifter jufcice and 
found judgment, were neceffary under this 
higher and more glorious difpenfation, than 
was received by thofe who judged and 
ruled for God in the Ifraelidfli church ; it 
being evident the Lord was pleafcd to 
put his fpirit upon thofe who had the 
weight of the affairs of that church upon 
them, both in their wildernefs flate of pro- 
bation, and after they quietly poflefFed the 
promifed l^nd. But the fupernatural en- 
dowment, fo efTential as above hinted, is 
not within our reach as men, neither is 
it given to us, until we are emptied of our 
own wifdom, and diverted of all depend- 
ance upon human accomplilhments. 

Our holy head was pleafcd to furnifh us 
with wifdom and ftrength, fuitabk to the 
ftate of that meeting, for their information 
and help ; and the blefled vif tue of trutli 
prevailed, to the tendering of their fpirits. 
The next monthly-meeting vifited was 
Coggefliall, on fecond-day, the 19th, but 
as I did not attend that meeting, I cannot 
fay further concerning it, than that I un- 
derftood it was a ferviceable time ; much 


3o6 The JOURNAL of 

weighty advice and counfel being admini- 
ftered, to mutual fatisfac5lion and comfort. 
The 21(1 we vifited Colchefter monthly- 
meeting, where, though the life of religion 
appeared low, and feveral diforders had 
crept in, yet divine goodnefs was extended 
in a powerful manner for their help, en- 
lightening the fpirits of fome to fearch the 
camp, and to point out how to proceed in 
reftoring that which had been turned out of 
the way. The 22d, Manningtree monthly- 
meeting was held at Colchefter, in which, 
through the pure efficacy of heavenly love 
and wiftlom, much fervent labour was be- 
ftowed, for the awakening and ftirring up 
the feveral me^r^bers to a faithful difcharge 
of their refpedtive duties. But, alas I 
through the great unfairhfulnefs of many, 
difcipline was but little maintained, in a 
manner agreeable to its dignity and worth j 
confequently the life of religion was very 
low. From Colchefter we went to Edmund's- 
Bury, in Suffolk, and vificed their monthly- 
meeting the 24th. It was a time of re- 
markable favour extended, truth bowing 
the fpirits of friends into an humble, 
teachable ftate, and, at the fame time, af- 
fording plenty of fuitable counfel, which 
was kindly received by divers members of 
that meeting, with whom we had near 
union and great fatisfaclion ; feveral being 
willing to engage in the work of reforma- 
tion, which appeared neceflary. The 26th 



we vlfited Woodbridge monthly- meeting, 
in which the Lord, according to his 
wonted merciful kindnefs, appeared not 
only in fpreading the awful canopy of his 
divine power over the meeting, but alfo, 
in gracioufly condefcending to be a fpirit of 
judgment and counfel, for the help and re- 
covery of a declining people; under the en- 
joyment of which divine favour, much 
labour was beftowed, and (as far as appeared) 
was well received. The 28th we vifited 
Beccles monthly-meeting, where things ap- 
peared very low and much out of order; 
the fpirit and wifdom of man appeared 
much to rule and adl amongft them, which 
is fond of fmoothing over, and daubing 
with untempered mortar, crying. Peace, 
when there is no peace. In this difficult 
mournful ftate of things, the divine helper, 
in whom our only dependance remained, 
was near, giving judgment to affign the 
living child to the proper mother, and to 
judge down wrong things, in whatever fta- 
tions they appeared. The 29th we vifited 
Tivetfhall monthly-meeting, in Norfolk, in 
which, though large, as being compofed of 
many members, yet very great flacknefs and 
unfaithfulnefs appeared in divers important 
refpedls; notwithftanding which, we had, 
with thankful acknowledgments, to expe- 
rience the awful prefence of the Lord, 
who is the only ftrength and fufficiency of 
his little ones; under the blefled influence 
R r whereof, 

3o8 The JOURNAL of 

whereof, great and deep labours were b^- 
ftowed, for the reviving our Chriftian dif- 
cipline, and promoting the good order of 
the gofpel; the teftimony of truth being 
maintained againft wrong things in that 
meeting, with authority and clearnefs; 
the power thereof fubjedling (for the pre- 
fent at leaft) all of a contrary nature to it- 
felf. On the 2d of the 2d month, we 
vifited the monthly-meeting of Wymond-^ 
ham, wherein, on the ufual inquiries, things 
appeared very affli(5ling, through the great 
defedion of many ; the few who were con- 
cerned for good order, were weak and 
much difcouraged, fo that very little wag 
done to maintain our wholefome difcipline, 
by ^vifiting and labouring with the un- 
faithTul and diforderly walkers: yet the 
Lord, in great condefcenfion, appeared 
wonderfully for their and our help, ex- 
tending much advice and counfel, and giv- 
ing us wifdom and ftrength to contend 
earneftly for the faith once delivered to 
the faints ; which faith is to be demon- 
flrated by works conliftent therewith. The 
teftimony of truth was greatly exalted over 
all fuch, as through a mean compliance 
with wrong things, had mournfully deviated 
therefrom. The 3d we vifited their meet- 
ing of minifters and elders at Norwich, 
where the flate of the members was in- 
quired into, by means of queries proper to 
fuch meetings ; folid and weighty advice 



was given, where any deficiency appeared* 
Although I have not before now diftin6lly 
mentioned our vifits to feledl meetings, yet 
we had fuch opportunities in moft or all 
the monthly-meetings where fuch meetings 
were fettled. On the 4th of the 2d month, 
we vifited the monthly-meeting of Nor- 
wich, which was very large, confiding both 
of the men and women friends ; it being 
our method, during our labours at the 
monthly-meetings, to have the company of 
both fexes. Through the over-fhadowing of 
divine power, it was a folemn awful time, 
of which friends in general appeared to 
be fenfible, as a remarkable ftillnefs and 
patience was abode in, for the fpace of about 
fix hours and a half, being the time of the 
meeting's continuance; though a motion 
was made fooner for our women friends to 
withdraw, left fome weak conftitutions 
might be injured by long fitting, &c. yet 
their fpirits being fo ftayed and bowed down 
under a fenfe of heavenly good, they did 
not accept the liberty given, but con- 
tinued to the breaking up of the meeting. 
We found a vakiable body of friends in 
that city, and difcipline, in the main, well 
fupported; yet there appeared great danger 
of the prevalence of earthly-mindednefs, in 
fome, and grandeur and wifdom abcn^e 
the fimplicity of the truth, in others ; 
which, if not guarded againfl:, miglit in- 
trude itfelf to a(5t and govern in the church ; 



of which friends were warned, and through 
the efFedlual opening of the fountain of 
wi^fdom and knowledge, much caution and 
counfel were admin iilered, to mutual edi- 
fication and comfort. On the 6th of the 
2d month we vifited the monthly-meet- 
ing of North-Walfham, where we found an 
honeft fincere remnant concerned to main- 
tain the principles of truth, by a condudl 
conliftent therewith; yet a great defedlion 
appeared in fome important branches of our 
Chriftian teftimony; the monthly-meeting 
not having difcharged its incumbent duty, 
by way of admonition and dealing with 
fuch members. Truth opened our war in 
much plainnefs and clofe labour, in order 
to bring the unfaithful to a right fenfe of 
their ftates, and to revive and promote our 
Chriftian difcipHne, as a means to reftore 
ancient beauty, and a good favour amongft 
men. The path of the juft, in which our 
worthy predecefTors carefully walked, was 
clearly opened before friends in that meet- 
ing ; the judgment of truth being fet over 
thofe who had erred and ft rayed therefrom, 
in this day of outward eafe and liberty. 
The 9th we vifited Wells monthly-meet- 
ing, in which humbling goodnefs prevailed, 
to the great comfort and ftrength of the 
upright-hearted; in a living lenfe of the 
free extendings whereof, much labour was 
beftowed to reftore good order and difcipline 
in every part, by iirft endeavouring to re- 


move thofe impediments which appeared 
in the way. It was a time of fweet com- 
fort in a faithful difcharge of duty. The 
nth we vifited Lynn monthly-meeting, 
wherein our fpirits were deeply afflicted 
under a cloud of darknefs, which feemed 
to over-fliadow that meeting, occafioned by 
the prevalence of wrong things in many 
of the members, and their great neglecl of 
the due execution of wholeibme difcipline. 
Much labour was bellowed in order for a 
regulation, but, alas ! great weaknefs and 
tm£kilfulnefs appeared; neither was there 
that opennefs to receive help, waiich we could 
have defired in the general; may alfo add, 
we had frelh occalion to fay, that nothing 
but an underftanding renewed from above, 
is capable of labouring fuccefsfuUy for the 
maintaining our Ghriftian difcipline. Oh ! 
that this important point was duly confider- 
ed by all active members. The 13th we 
vifited the monthly-meeting of Wifbeach, 
in the Ifle of Ely; it was a fmall meeting, 
as but few members belong thereto. By 
inquiry, it appeared, llacknefs and difor- 
der had prevailed on fome, and things in 
general were but low; yet an opennefs was 
felt to receive proper advice and counfel, 
which, through the gracious extendings of 
heavenly help, was freely and largely 
communicated. We had caufe to believe 
truth was at work in the hearts of a few, 
in order to prepare them for fervice; hav- 

312 The JOURNAL of 


ing eafe and fatisfadlion in our labours a- 
mongfl; them, and hoping this vifit would 
prove of confiderable help to that meet- 
ing. The 17th we vifited the monthly- 
meeting at Ives, wherein we had painful 
labour, and found things much out of 
order, which had caufed darknefs to be 
felt, and an ill-favour; fome of the adlive 
members did not appear to us rightly to 
know what fpirits they were of; however, 
we found they v/ere not one with us in 
our fervice, which was indeed very clofe 
and fearching to all ftations in the church, 
as it appeared all had need of help, and to 
look more narrowly to their Handing. Di- 
vine goodnefs was gracioufly with us, and 
carried us through, to our eafe and fatis- 
fadlion in a good degree. But, alas ! we 
have fometimes caufe to fee, that our dif- 
cipline does not profper when managed , 
with unfandlified hands. The i8th we vi- | 
fited Hadingham monthly-meeting, and 
found things very low, as to the life of 
religion, confequently as to good order and 
difcipline; yet fome appeared hopeful, 
tender, and defirous of a proper regulation 
in the affairs of the church, with whom 
vv^e had good fatisfadlion in our labours for 
their improvement, which I hope was not 
in vain. The 20th of the 2d month, we, 
vifited the monthly-meeting of Royfton, in 
Hertfordfliire ; the ftate of which appeared 
much out of order; diicipline was in the 



main negledled. Very deep and painful was 
our labour, under a mournful fenfe of that 
grofs darknefs which had prevailed, by 
xeafon of unfaithfulnefs ; yet the Lord was 
gracioufly with us, and the teftimony of 
truth was exalted over the heads of difor- 
<ierly walkers, and all thofe, who, by a 
mean temporizing fpirit, had violated fome 
principal branches of our Chriftian tefti- 
mony. We were unanimoufly of opinion^ 
that the monthly-meeting of Royfton, in 
its prefent ftate, was too weak to manage 
the weighty affairs proper to a monthly- 
meeting, and therefore propofed their being 
joined to Baldock and Hitchin ; which, 
upon a folid deliberation, was agreed to, 
and hath been lince effected, to the great 
fatisfadlion of friends who have the prof- 
perity of truth at heart. The 23d v^e vi- 
fited Hertford monthly-meeting, in which 
heavenly wifdom and merciful help (as at 
other places) were largely extended, to the 
encouragement of a few lincere labourers 
amongft them, as well as to the warning 
and ilirring up of carelefs, unfaithful pro- 
feffors : for indeed, there appeared much 
ilacknefs in too many, in not improving 
thofe talents God had given them. The 
24th, we vifited thofe under our profeffion 
at Coterhill-head, called a monthly-meet- 
ing; but, alas! upon inquiry, we found 
but very little done of the bufmefs proper 
to a m.onthly-meeting; neither vf as it held 


314 The JOURNAL of 

in due courfe, but rather occafionally, for 
fome particular purpofes ; and when the 
Hate of the members appeared, we did not 
marvel thereat, feeing moft of them were 
■unfaithful in regard to that important tefti- 
mony, againft tithes and other anti-chrif- 
tian demands of that nature: other great 
diforders alfo had crept in, nor can any 
other be reafonably expedled, where per- 
fons are fo void of a right underftanding, 
as to facrifice that noble teftimony; they 
have not ftrength to maintain other branches 
in a confiftent efficacious manner, fo that 
where this defe6lion hath prevailed, we have 
obferved the moft eflential part in religion 
(amongft us as a people) has fallen with 
it: meetings for worfhip and difcipline 
are neglected, and if fometimes held by 
fuch, they are to little good purpofe; plain- 
nefs and felf-denial are departed from : this 
hard, dark, tithe-paying fpirit is fo blind, 
as to fee but little in any branch of our 
teftimony, wherein there is a crofs to the 
carnal mind. Upon folid confideration 
we did not think, that ufing endeavours 
to regulate that meeting, in its (ituation at 
that time, would anfwer any good purpofe ; 
but the great thing pointed out to us in 
the Hght of truth, was its being dif- 
folved, and that the members thereof might 
be joined to Hertford monthly-meeting; 
whicji had been endeavoured for feveral 
years, both by their quarterly-meeting, 



and alfo feveral committees of the yearly- 
meeting, which had not, till now, proved 
fuccefsful, as the confent of mofl of the 
members could not be obtained: but this 
meeting, through divine favour, was won- 
derfully overlhadowed with a folemn weight 
of heavenly power, which awed and tender- 
ed their fpirits, and at the fame time merci- 
fully enabled us clearly to demonftrate, 
that they contended only for the name of 
a monthly- meeting; feeing the fervice of 
fuch a meeting was not anfwered, fcarcely 
in any inftance. They at length generally 
yielded, and a minute was made to propole 
a jun6lion with Hertford, which is fince 
effedled, to the great eafe and fatisfadlion 
of friends. I cannot well avoid remarking 
here, the very great hurt and obftrudlion 
to the progrefs of truth, which I have 
divers times, with forrow of heart, ob- 
ferved to arife by fonie adlive members 
from private views, flrenuoufly wlth- 
ftandlng the pointings of divine wiidom, 
for the help and prefer v a tion of the 
body, which doubtlefs is in the Lord's 
fight, a crime of a very ofFenfive nature; 
therefore all ihould greatly dread being in 
any degree guilty thereof. Let us therefore, 
at all times, carefully examine what ground 
we adl upon in the church of God, whe- 
ther we always preferve the fingle eye, being 
cloathed with that pure charity which 
feeketh not her own, and filled with that 
S s univei'fal 

3i6 The JOURNAL of 

univerfal fplrit, that carefully promotes the' 
good of the whole, without refpecl of per- 
foiis. The 25th we vifited Hitchin month- 
ly-meeting, where we found a valuable 
folid body of friends, and difclpline w^ell 
maintained in mod of its branches. Hea- 
venly goodnefs over-fiiadowed that meeting, 
whereby underftanding was given to admi- 
nifler fuitable caution and counfel ; particu- 
larly to point out the great danger of fitting 
down at eafe, in a becoming decent form, 
even after being eminently favoured, both 
with the dew of heaven and the fatnefs 
of the earth ; notwithftanding which, 
there muft be a perfevering in an earned 
labour for daily bread, feeing nothing be- 
yond this can be attained by us, whilft in 
a militant ft ate. On the 27 th we vifited 
the monthly- meeting of Ampthill, in Bed- 
fordfliire, the Lord's awful prefence being 
near, as, through infinite mercy, was gene- 
rally the cafe; this opened the way for a 
clofe and diligent inquiry into the ftate of 
that meeting. Things appeared low and 
pretty much out of order; the aclive mem- 
bers having here, as in many other places, 
too much neglected a deep and painful la- 
bour for a better regulation. Endeavours 
were ufed, in order to ftir up and provoke 
to love and good v^rorks, by diligently ex- 
pending a care over the whole liock, that 
ib all might be brought into the comely 
order of the gcfpcl. On the 28th we vifit- 
\ ed 


€(1 Luton monthly-meeting; it was fmall, 
flacknefs and the want of right zeal ap- 
peared; alfo fome diforders crept in, yet 
there feemed opennefs in the minds of 
friends to receive advice and counfel, 
which, through divine aid, were largely 
adminiftered ; and I hope the labour of that 
day was beneficial to divers of the mem- 
bers, and may prove a lading advantage to 
that meeting. The 2d of the 3d month, 
we vilited Alban's monthly-meeting, held 
at Charley- w^ood, where, on the ufaal in- 
quiries, things appeared very low and much 
out of order; yet divine favour was largely 
and livingly extended for their help and re- 
covery; in an humble fenfe whereof, much 
endeavours v/ere ufed to promote a better 
regulation; firft, by the a6live members 
taking heed to themfelves, that they might 
be endued with ancient zeal and fervour of 
mind ; then they would take the over-fight 
of the flock, not by conftraint, but willing- 
ly: this willingnefs, through a neglecft of 
feeking that divine power which alone can 
bring it forth in the mind of man, hath 
been much loft or departed from, by many, 
and appears to be greatly wanting in moil 
places; this, without doubt, is one prin- 
cipal caufe that fo general a defe(5lion hath 
prevailed. Had the foremoft rank ftood 
faithful in the authoi^ity of truth, they 
w^ould have been as a bulwark againft undue 
liberties, and happy inftruments to have 


3i8 The JOURNAL of 

preferved the body healthy, and in beautiful 
order. But, oh ! how (hall I fet forth, 
and fufEcieptly admire, the marvellous con- 
defcenfion of infinite goodnefs, which fo 
eminently manifefted itfelf in all the meet- 
ings we were concerned to vifit, in order to 
bring back again the caj^tivity of his people, 
to build up the wafte places, and to beauti- 
fy the houfe of his glory. May fuch evi- 
dent tokens of his merciful regard make 
deep and lafting imprelllons on all minds, 
left the Lord be juftly provoked to caft 
many off, and move fuch to jealoufy by 
thofe who are now no people. One very 
forrowful inftance of much degeneracy, be- 
ing an inlet for many other wrong things to 
creep into our Ibciety, was the great negledl 
of divine worfhip, efpecially on week days ; 
ibme week-day meetings being wholly drop- 
ped, and in many places where they are 
kept up, attended by few ; and by what ap- 
pears, many do not feem to think it their 
duty to attend them at all, nor even firft- 
day meetings, when fmall difficulties prefent. 
This difcovers remarkable ignorance of the 
great importance of that indifpenfable duty, 
as well as of the great need all have, of a daily 
fupply from the Lord's bountiful hand. 
As thefe opportunities of inward retirement 
and hvimble bowing before God, have, by 
experience, been found times of unfpeak- 
able refrefliment, which flows from the 
prefence of the Lord, who has gracioufly 



promifed to be with thofe who meet in his 
name, even where the numbers are but two 
or three, hereby ftrength is adminiflered, 
which enables us to (land our ground in the 
Chriftian warfare. It is no marvel there- 
fore, that the negled: of fo important a 
duty, is a caufe of much nxaknefs, de- 
priving people of a neceflary defence againlt 
numerous and potent enemies w^hich war 
againft the foul. Here he that goes about 
like a roaring lion, and alfo as a creeping 
fubtil ferpent, prevails, in order to lay the 
fociety wafte; and whilft many are afleep 
in carnal fecurity, he finds opportunity to 
fow tares amongft the wheat. Very deep 
and fervent were our labours in this vifit, 
to promote diligence in this moft import- 
ant duty, as a great means, under the divine 
bleffing, for the reftoring ancient beauty 
and comelinefs thrgughout the fociety. 
This opportunity at Charley- wood, finiflied 
our prefent vifit to monthly- meetings ; 
we having requefted the quarterly-meeting 
to which they belonged, to adjourn, in fuch 
order, as to be vifited in courfe by us at 
one journey, to begin in Luton, for Bed- 
fordihire, which accordingly vvas held the 
£th of the 4th month, 1761, John Emms^ 
Thomas Corbyn, Samuel Scott, Jofcph Row^ 
and myfelf attended the fame, and laid before 
the quarterly meeting, in writimr, the ftate 
of their monthly-meetings, as the fame ap- 
peared to us hj their anfwers to the quar- 

320 The JOURNAL of 

terly-meeting queries, and other inquiries 
made in our late vifit, witji fundry remarks 
thereon; and through the over-fliadowing^ 
of heavenly power, we were fervently con- 
cerned to bring the weight of the declined 
ftate of the fociety there, upon the meet- 
ing, wherein an engagement of mind was 
revived for a reformation: may the fame 
continue and increaie. On the loth of 
the 4th month we vifited Hertford quarter- 
ly-meeting ; w^here our friend Jofeph Tay- 
lor, who had been indifpofed, joined us. 
Having previouily drawn up the ftate of 
their monthly-meetings, as the fame ap- 
peared to us in our late vifit, with re- 
marks thereon, we laid it before the meet- 
ing, which they took into their folid con- 
fideration, and a folemn time it was: the 
Lord's power being livingly felt, it made 
a remnant willing to arife, that the breaches 
made in that excellent hedge of difcipline, 
fet by divine wifdom about us as a people, 
might be repaired; that the heritage be 
not laid wafte. On the 14th of the 4th 
month, we vifited the quarterly-meeting at 
Ives, for Huntingtonfhire, Cambridgelhire, 
and the Ifle of Ely ; where, having drawn 
up the ftate of their monthly-meetings, as 
the fame appeared to us in our late viiit, 
with fome remarks thereon, we laid the 
fame before them, with earneft labour to 
awaken the adlive members, to a lively fenfe 
of the forrowful declenfion found within 

. their 


their borders. It was a painful exercifing 
time, great infenfibility having prevailed 
over many ; yet I believe it vsras a leafon of 
comfort and relief to a living remnant, 
vv^ho travail for the profperity of trvith a- 
mongft them ; may their number increafe ! 
We had the returns of fvt^eet peace in the 
difcharge of our duty, and departed with 
chearfulnefs of mind. On the 21ft of the 
4th month, we vifited the quarterly-meet- 
ing for the county of Norfolk, held in 
the city of Norwich; where, as ufual, 
having drawn up the ftate of their month- 
ly meetings, with remarks thereon, the 
fame was folidly laid before the meeting ; 
wherein divine goodnefs was manifefted ; in 
the wlfdom and ftrength whereof much 
earned labour was bellowed, in order that 
all, the aftive members efpecially, might be 
flirred up to an exertion of godly endea- 
vours, .for reftoring comely order and dif- 
cipline, in divers very weak meetings with- 
in their county ; not to be at eafe in their 
ceiled houfes, whilft the ark of the tefli- 
mony of God was expofed to reproach, by 
the defedlion of many under the fame pro- 
feffion. It was a good time, and I hope 
ferviceable to fome ; yet we could not help 
lamenting, that the memorable opportu- 
nity v/e lately had at Norwich monthly- 
meeting had not made greater imprefTton than 
appeared by fome not very agreeable in- 
ftances ' in this meeting, relating to their 


321 The JOURNAL of 

fully uniting for the county's help, as there 
was apparent neceflity for the fame. The 
24th of the 4th month, we vifited the 
quarterly-meeting of Suftblk held at Wood- 
bridge, and laid before them in writing 
the ftate of their m.onthly-meetings, as the 
fame appeared to us in our late viiit, with 
fome remarks thereon. Much labour was 
beftowed in the free extendings of divine 
love, which v/as comfortably Ihed abroad 
in that meeting, that friends might be 
thereby flirred up to ufe endeavours for a 
general reformation, in which fervent la- 
bour was beftowed, and clofe admonition 
extended to fuch as knew not their own 
fpirits fubjedled by the fpirit of Chrift, but 
dared to prefume to move and acl in the affairs 
of the church of God, by the ftrength of 
their own underftandings as men: thefe, not 
having true zeal, can wink at wrong things, 
great difofders, and flagrant unfaithfulnefSj 
fmoothing all over, and blending all together 
deceitfully, crying Peace, and all is well, 
when it is evidently otherwife. Oh, how 
doth the Lord abhor fuch unfoundnefs! 
furely then his people fliould fee the w^eight 
and authority of his power ftanding over 
fuch. A principal caufe of defolation and 
wafte in the houfe and heritage of God, is 
the want of more prepared (tones for the 
building, hew^n and poliflied in the moun- 
tain. But great inconveniency arifes, when 
feme are made ufe of as flones for the 



building, in their natural flate, which ren- 
ders them unfit materials to eredl a houfe 
for the glory of God to abide in ; fo that 
what fuch build, is nothing but a habita- 
tion for anti-chrift to dwell in; for he will 
content himfelf in any form of religion, 
whilft he can keep the power out of it. 
His firfl fubtile working in the myftery of 
iniquity is, to perfuade the minds of men, 
there is no need of any more power and wif- 
dom than they have as men; that if they 
will exert their endeavour, they may be 
"ufeful members ; thus withdrawing gra- 
dually from the fountain of living water, to 
hew out cifterns to themfelves which will 
hold no water. Oh, how dry and infipid 
are all their religious performances ! and 
what they -do, is only to beget in their own 
image, carnal lifelefs profeffors like them- 
felves; thefe are very apt to be doing, 
being aWays furniflied; but the true la- 
bourers muft, in every meeting, and upon 
all occafions that offer for fervice, receive 
fupernatural aid and the renewed under- 
ftanding, by the immediate defcendings of 
heavenly wifdom and power, or they dare not 
meddle. Where there are but two or three 
in each monthly- meeting, carefully abiding 
in an holy dependance upon God, to be fur- 
niflied for his work, great things may be 
done by his mighty power, in and through 
them. This is evident, by obferving the 
ftate of meetings where fuch dwell, though 
T n all 

324 The JOURNAL of 

all is not done they could ardently defire, as 
praifcd be the Lord, there are many yet up 
and down, who know and experimentally 
feel their fufEciency for every fervice in 
the church to be of God. The 28th of 
the 4th month, we attended the quarterly- 
meeting I belong to, held at Coggelhall, 
for the county of Eifex. Having drawn up 
the ftate of the feveral monthly-meetings in 
writing, with remarks thereon, it was laid 
before this meeting; much folid and 
weighty endeavours being ufed for a gene- 
ral reformation, by the earneft labour of 
our friends on the vifit, w^hich was very 
edifying and comfortable to the honeft- 
hearted amongft us. We drew up a fum- 
mary account of the ftate ot the fbciety in 
the counties before-mentioned, and our fa- 
tisfa6tion in that folemn undertaking; with 
thankful acknowledgment of the Lord's 
gracious affiftance through the whole, which 
was read in the yearly-meeting, 1761. Be- 
fore I clofe this account, it may not be 
amifs to fay, that fvich was the effecfl of our 
labours in moft or all the monthly-meet- 
ings, that committees were appointed of 
their own members, to vifit particular 
meetings, and alfo individual members, for 
their help, as occalion might require. The 
quarterly-meetings alfo appointed large 
committees to vifit their monthly-meet- 
ings and, others, as they found freedom, 
for their afliftance. A few days after the 



yearly- meeting in London, 1761, Thomas 
Corbyn, Jofeph Row, and myfelf, fet out, 
in company with divers other friends, on 
their return from the yearly-meeting, in 
order to vilit the monthly and quarterly- 
meetings of friends in Yorkiliire, Lincoln- 
fliire, Nottinghamfliire, Derbylhire, and 
Leicefterfliire; Matthew Mellor joined us 
at Oatby, near Leicefter; jofeph Taylor 
having concluded to meet us in Yorkihire. 
On the 24th of the 5th month, we vifited 
Balby monthly-meetiiig, held at Sheffield, 
and found, to our comfort, a living body 
of friends therein; yet much flacknefs and 
defecftion appeared in many members of 
mofl ranks. Truth opened and largely 
furniflied with wifdom and ftrength, to 
lay before them the dangerous confequence 
of fome prevailing and undvie liberties. 
Thofe advanced in age and profefTion, were 
intreated and laboured with in much ear- 
neftnefs, to be more zealous and diligent, 
in a godly care over themfelves and the 
flock ; as thofe that mull fliortly give' ai^ 
account to the great fliepherd. The 25th 
we vifited Pontefradl monthly-meeting, held 
at Highflats. Here was a very numerous 
body of friends, whofe outward appearance 
was very becoming our felf- denying pro- 
feffion; and I really believe this plainnefs, 
in a confiderable number amongft them^ 
was the genuine produdl of a well regu- 
lated mind ; yet I fear, in too many, it was 


g26 The JOURNAL of 

more the effedl of education, which, however, 
I would not condemn, where people are not 
prevailed upon by the fubtilty of Satan to 
take their reft therein ; fince the form mud 
follow the power, and not the power fol- 
low the form. We had clofe labour, ia 
order to roufe thofe who had fettled down 
in a falfe reft, and alfo to promote a better 
regulation in fome refpefts ; yet I think it 
might be faid that difcipline, in moft of 
its branches, was pretty well maintained 
in that meeting. It was a time of high 
favour; counfel and admonition were plen- 
tifully extended. The 27 th we vifited 
Brighoufe monthly-meeting, held at Brad- 
ford: here Jonathan Raine and William Hird 
joined us. This meeting was exceeding large ; 
fome flacknefs and defecftion appeared, yet 
in the main, difcipline and good order were 
well fupported, in divers branches. This 
was indeed a time of fignal favour, as the 
canopy of divine power and love overflia- 
dowed this large aflembly, wherein much 
fervent labour was extended, that all might 
be brought into, and preferved in, that 
humble felf-denying way which leads to 
lafting peace and happinefs ; and that none 
might reft fatisfied in a form of religion, 
without the daily quickenings of heavenly 
life, whereby only the daily facrifice can 
be offered, and the abomination that makes 
defolate kept out of the holy places, viz. 
^he heart of man made and preferved holy 



by the powerful prefence of God; no lon- 
ger can it be fo, than his prefence is there. 
The 29th we vifited Knarefborough month- 
ly-meeting, held at Rawden. This was 
alfo very large, perhaps near five hundred of 
both fexes attended, and near as many at 
each of the before-mentioned meetings. 
Here we found a weighty, folid body of 
friends, who were zealoufly concerned to 
preferve difcipline and good order on its 
ancient bottom ; yet there was alfo a very 
heavy, clogging, lifelefs body, at reft in a 
profeffion, in whom little or no living con- 
cern appeared, to keep undvie liberties out 
of their families, and to fhew exemplary 
diligence in religious duties. Divine good- 
nefs, as at other times, was eminently mani- 
fefted, in which, abundance of found ad- 
vice, caution, and counfel, were freely ad- 
miniftered, wherewith many hearts were 
deeply affedled, being made willing to arife, 
in order to promote a reformation where 
things appeared out of order. The ift of 
the 6th month, we vifited Settle monthly- 
meeting; a laborious exercifing time it was, 
in a deep and painful fenfe of the numbnefs 
and formality of too many members, and 
the great decay of primitive zeal ; yet, 
through the merciful arifing of heavenly 
power and wifdom, ability was received to 
adminifter fuitable advice, warning, and 
counfel, in order to awaken the carelefs, 
lukewarm profeflbrs, as well as to extend 


328 The JOURNAL of 

comfort and relief for the encouragement of 
a fincerely concerned remnant amongft them ; 
that fo, what appeared out of the holy- 
order of the gofpel, might be regulated. 
The 3d of the 6th month, we vifited 
Richmond monthly-meeting, held at Aif- 
garth ; the number of members here was 
very confiderable, yet the life of religion 
feemed at a low ebb ; that forrowful miftake, 
of imagining themfelves God's people with- 
out the real fenfe of the indwelling of his 
holy fpirit, and of being the children of A- 
braham without the faith and good works of 
Abraham, having, I fear, very much pre- 
vailed upon the pofterity of faithful wor- 
thies who are gone to their reft. In 
thofe parts, great flacknefs and defe6lion in 
fome very important refpedls appeared in 
many, who, through the powerful efficacy 
of the everlafting word, were clofely and 
very prefTmgly admonilhed to more care and 
diligence. Great endeavours were ufed, 
that our Chriftian difcipline might be more 
duly put in pracftice; a living remnant a- 
mongll themfelves, heartily joining with us 
in our deep labours for promoting that 
falutary end. The 5th, Thirfli monthly- 
meeting was vilited by us; Jofeph Taylor 
joining us here. We were now leven in 
number, which we did not find too many, 
the work we were engaged in being very 
weighty and laborious. In this meeting, a 
remnant were fincerely concerned to main- 


tain dlfcipline and good order, in the fpirit 
and life thereof; yet great lukewarmnefs 
and many deficiencies appeared; an earthly 
carnal fpirit having much the afcendency in 
parents; rawnefs, infenfibility, and a de- 
viation from plainnefs, in divers of the 
youth ; which caufed us deep and painful 
labour ; yet, through the defcending of 
heavenly virtue, w^e v^^ere enabled to i'peak 
clofely to their ftates, which, I hope, had 
a good effedl on fome of them. This op- 
portunity afforded much relief to our fpi- 
rits, and we went av/ay with peace. The 
8th we vifited Gifborough monthly-meet- 
ing, held at Kirbymoorfide ; where a very 
large number of members attended, with 
an outward appearance becoming our holy 
profeffion, and we found a truly concerned 
remnant amongft them : but at this, as well 
as at other places, we had, with forrow of 
heart, to view the great defolation that an 
enemy had made in the time of outward 
eafe and liberty, which could not prevail 
tipon our worthy predecefibrs, by depriving 
them of their liberty, in jails and (linking 
dungeons, reparation by banifhment and 
otherwife, of thofe in the neareft ties and con- 
nexion of life; nay, the lofs of all their out- 
ward fubflance, and the lives of many, could 
not deter them from maintaining their tefti- 
mony for God in public worfhip, and other 
things; yet he hath mightily prevailed on 
many of their iuconfiderate offspring, who 


330 The JOURNAL of 

feem to have very little befides the liuffe 
left to feed upon. Divine goodnefs was 
wonderfully extended, in which much fer-- 
vent labour was beftowed, and an awaken- 
ing time it was. The foundation of the 
builders upon the fand was fliaken, and 
Jefus Chrift, the everlafling rock and fvire 
foundation, was exalted, as the only fafe 
reft and defence of his people. The nth 
we vifited Malton monthly-meeting; the 
ftate whereof appeared very low, and things 
relating to our difcipline much out of 
order; divine goodnefs being near, our 
minds were ftrengthened, and our mouths 
opened, in earneft endeavours for their help 
and recovery; a fmall remnant arnongft 
themfelves joining with us herein. I hope 
it was a profitable time to fome. The i jth 
w^e vifited Scarborough monthly-meeting, 
held at Whitby, where, although we found 
a fincere remnant with w^hom we had 
unity in fpirit, and they had a fatisfacflory 
fenfe of our clofe and earneft labours in that 
meeting ; yet many under the fame pro- 
fefTion were greatly backllidden, and revolted 
from the primitive power and purity of that 
undefiled religion, which the faithful 
amongft us have been, and are led into: 
divine counfel ^vas eminently manifefted, 
in order to heal their backfliding, and to 
bring them into a due fenfe of the weight 
and great importance of thofe teftimonies to 
the bleffed truth, given to us as a people to 



bear, wlilcL made good impreflion on fome-; 
but others . feemed at fo great a diftance, 
that it was hard to make them rightly 
ienfible of their true intereft. We departed 
from thence with eafe and peace of mind. 
The 1 4th J Bridlington monthly-meeting 
was held, which was very fmall, and the 
life of religion very low 5 but little ability 
and judgment to manage the affairs of the 
church appeared ; it was therefore our opi- 
nion, they were too weak to fublift honour- 
ably as a monthly-meeting, and that it 
would promote the general good, to join 
them to fome other monthly-meeting. 
The 17th, Ouftwlck monthly-meeting was 
held at HulL Upon the ufual inquiries 
it appeared, that much lukewarmnefs and 
defedlion had crept in; and for want of * a 
godly zeal in moft of the adllve members, 
difcipline had not been ftridlly and impar^* 
tially maintained, fo that darknefs and weak- 
nefs had prevailed. In this mournful itate 
of things, our labours were painful and 
exerclfmg; yet, through divine afTiftance, 
the teftimony of truth in its feveral branch- 
es was exalted,, and judgment fet lipon 
thofe who had violated the fame* The few 
fincere-hearted labourers amongfl them 
were earneftly advifed and encouraged to 
bear the ark of the teftimony of the Lord 
as upon their Ihoulders, in the people's 
fight, which I hope had a good effedl. 
The 19th, we vifited the monthly-meet- 
U u ins: 

33- The JOURNAL of 

ing of Gave. The appearance of the mem- 
bers was plain, yet we found great dead- 
nefs and infenfibility amongft them, which 
muft be the cafe, where people are content- 
ed in an empty form of religion, without 
the power of it. Much Chriftian labour 
was beftowed in order to kindle a living 
zeal; but, alas! little impreffion was made 
on fome, yet I hope this vifit was of con- 
fiderable fervice to others, and unay tend 
to general benefit; but all the increafe is 
of the Lord. The 2ifl we vilited York 
monthly-meeting, wherein appeared much 
want of a lively fenfe of truth on the minds 
of adlive members, and divers deficiencies 
and fome diforders, had crept in, and re- 
mained, by a neglecT: of pJ-oper dealing, and 
an exercife of found judgment. Here we 
had caufe to fee, as well as at many other 
places, that a literal knowledge of our dif- 
cipline, without heavenly life influencing 
the minds of thofe exercifed therein, bring- 
eth nothing effecflually to pafs, to God's 
glory, and the edification of his church 
and people. Great and deep was our laboiu', 
under a weighty fenfe of the divine power, 
and alfo of the low, languid ftate of the 
church in this city, defiring flie might be 
favoured to arife and ihake herfelf from 
the duif of the earth, ilrergthi^ning the 
things which remain. This finilheei our 
vifits to the monthly- meetings in this coun- 
ty ; and though I have not particularly 


JOHN G R I F F I T H. 333 

ineniioned the opportunities takei> by us in 
ieled: meetings of miniflers and elders, yet 
we had fuch opportunities in moil or all 
the monthly-meetings ; where their queries 
were read and anfwered; advice, caution, 
oounfel, and reproof alfo, were adminiftered 
as Ave found ourfelves led and influenced 
thereunto. The 24th of the 6th month, 
their quarterly-meeting was held in York, 
We had drawn up the flate of their 
monthly-meetings, being fourteen in num- 
ber, as the fame appeared to us from their 
anfwers to the ufual queries, and other in- 
quiries made by us in oiu' late viiit to them, 
with fundry remarks thereon, particularly 
on the great and mournful ilacknefs in, and 
negledl of, divine worfliip; efpecially on 
week-days, whicli difcovers an indifference 
and lukewarmnefs much to be lamented. 
Earned labour was bellowed in that great 
meeting, to faften the weight and great im- 
portance of qualified members, coming 
more earneftly and feelingly under a deep 
fenfe of the care of the churches ; that fo an 
increafe of zeal and diligence may be exer- 
cifed throughout; in warning the unruly, 
comforting the feeble-minded, and in fup- 
porting the weak. It was a folcmn time, 
the members being fenfibly affedled with 
the great need of a better regulation in di- 
vers refpeds ; a large committee was ap- 
pointed to vifit and affift the monthly, alio 
particular meetings, as they faw^ caufe, in 


334 The JOURNAL of 

order to help forward the neceflary work of 
reformation. The monthly-meetings alfo, 
except one^ in confequence of our viht 
appointed committees to vifit particular 
meetings and mdividuals, as their way 
might open, for the better pvitting in prac- 
tice our Chriftian difcipline. In this city, 
our friend John Hunt of London, joined 
us ; and here wg parted with Jonathan 
Raine, Matthew Mellor, and William Hird. 
We went next into Lincolnfhire, and on 
the 29th of the 6th month, vihted their 
monthly-meeting, held at Gainfborough : 
here John Oxley of Norwich met us. 
Things appeared very low and defective, as 
to the difcipline and good order of the 
church in this place; the members, in too 
general a way, being by indifference and 
weaknefs, infenlible of its great worth and 
ufefulnefs. Our fpirits were deeply bap- 
tized into a fenfe of their ftates, and we re- 
ceived ability, with great plainnefs to lay 
before them the dangerous confequence of 
fuch an unfavoury unfruitful condition, and 
the great duty which the members of fo- 
ciety owed to God, themfelves, and to one 
another, in a religious capacity, which 
for the prefent feemed to ajSecl their minds ; 
inay the impreflion be lalling ! We had alfo 
fome things to offer by way of encourage- 
ment, to a few fincere, though weak ones 
amongft them. Tlie 2d of the 7th month, 
v;e vifited Wainfie'et monthly-n^eeting, find- 


ing things diftrelTingly low and much oi\t 
of order; and but fev/ who had the caufe 
of truth at heart, fo as to mourn becaufe of 
the great defolation and wafte made in 
the fociety there, by earthly-mindednefs 
and other flelhly hberties. Our minds were 
deeply engaged that truth might break 
through, and foften the minds of thofe 
dry, carnal profefTors, who, inftead of help- 
ing forward the neceffary work of difci- 
pline, were great clogs and hinderances 
thereunto, being as dead weights and bur- 
dens on the more lively part of the body. 
Through the holy efficacy of that pure 
life, which gracioufly attended us from 
place to place, we were enabled to dif- 
charge our confciences at that meeting, 
in much plain-dealing, to our own peace 
and the comfort and relief of the few up- 
right-hearted there. The 4th we vifited 
Spalding monthly-meeting; much diforder 
and flacknefs appeared alfo at this meeting, 
in fome ; others, who w^ould feem to be 
fomething in religion, were but too much 
like the unfruitful fig-tree, on which, when 
it came to be nearly examined, nothing 
wai to be found but leaves ; having, like 
Ephraim and Demas, forfaken the dew and 
tendernefs of their youth, and embraced 
this prefent world. Such^ though they re- 
tain fomethin? of the outward reiemblance, 
cannot prof per in religion, as they are dry 
and infipid. In this low, mournful ftate 


336 The JOURNAL og 

of things, truth arofe, and furniflicd with 
Aiitable matter and utterance, In plain deal- 
ing with formal profeObrs, and proper en- 
couragement to fome hopeful yquth and 
others, to come up in a more lively zeal 
and concern for God's caufe, than had been 
maintained of late at that meeting, which I 
hope was of good fervice. The 6th we 
vifited Lincoln monthly-meeting, held at 
Broughton. This meeting appeared in a 
very low condition, as to a lively fenfe of 
truth; confequently, the difcipline thereof 
was not rightly managed, as being done too 
much in the will, wifdom, and temper of 
man. Some appeared hopeful and tender, 
efpecially of a younger rank, to whom, I 
hope, our deep and earneft labour amongfl: 
them was profitable. 

The 8th of the 7th month, the quarterly- 
meeting was held at Lincoln; before which 
we laid in writing, the languid and difor- 
derly flate of the fociety in that county, 
with fundry clofe remarks thereon, point- 
ing out, in fome meafure, the caufe of the 
great declenfion found amongft them. This 
was accompained v/ich our joint and earneft 
endeavours, to bring the weight of thofe 
things upon the members, that they might 
feel ii proper engagement of mind to arife, 
and repair the breaches made, which had a 
good effec5l on fome minds, and a committee 
was appointed in order to promote the 
work of reformation; which was alfo done 



at mofl, or all their monthly-meetings. 
From Lincoln, John Hunt and Jofeph 
Row returned home to London, and John 
Oxley to Norwich ; Thomas Corbyn, 
Jofeph Taylor, and myfelf, went into Not- 
tinghamlhire. The 13th of the 7th month* 
we viiited Retford monthly-meeting, as it 
was called, wherein we found a few tender 
and hopeful, and had fome opennefs to ad- 
minifler counfel and advice, tending to 
their help and improvement, which appear- 
ed to be vv^ell received, and fome minds were 
alFedled therewith ; yet very little was dif- 
covered by us of difcipline being put in prac- 
tice, but almoft every thing relating there-* 
to was negle6led. It therefore was our 
judgment they ought to be joined to fome 
other monthly-meeting, yet their fituation 
rendered that fomewhat difficult; however, 
we concluded to lay the cafe before their 
enfuing quarterly -meeting. The 14th we 
vifited Mansfield monthly-meeting, which 
alfo appeared very low and weak; but very 
little of the bufinefs of a monthly-meeting 
properly done, as the number was very 
fmall that generally attended them, and iu 
moft of them the elTential qualification for 
fcrvice in the church of Chrift much want- 
ing. It was therefore our judgment, that 
it would be for the general good, that?vlanf- 
field monthly-meeting Ihould be joined to that 
of Chefterfield, except Oxon particular meet- 
ing; w^hich from its fituation might better 


338 The JOURNAL Gi- 
be joined to Nottingham. The 1 5th we viiit- 
ed Cheilerfield monthly-meeting, wherein 
divine goodnefs was Hvingly manifefted, in 
order to adminifter proper affiftance, by way 
of advice, counfel, and encouragement, to 
this fmall, weak meeting, wherein difci- 
phne, in divers of its branches, w^as much 
negiefted; yet there appeared an opennefs 
in the members to be inftru:6led and help- 
ed forward in that weighty work, which, 
through the ftrength and efficacy of divine 
love, was largely extended to them, in 
which we had fatisfa6tion of mind. Thq 
1 6th we went to Breach, called a monthly- 
meeting, but we found it, in that refpedl^ 
almoft defolate. The teftimony of truth^ 
fo precious to their anceftors in that place, 
was by them fufFered to fall, in mod of its 
branches ; but few of thofe who were adlive 
members, appeared clear in its fupport. 
Darknefs had greatly prevailed over their 
minds, yet our deep labour, under the in- 
iSuence of heavenly good^ had a tendering 
efFe(5l upon fome of them. One thing aimed 
at by us, was, that the members of that 
meeting might be joined to the monthly- 
meeting of Nottingham, they being unfit 
to remain in their prefent condition, which 
was confented to by them, a minute made, 
and fome of their members appointed to 
propofe the fime to Nottingham meet- 
ing. The 17th we vifited Nottingham 
monthly-meeting; the number here was 



jpretty large, but the pure virtue of heaven- 
ly goodnefs, (without the fenlible experi- 
ence whereof there can be no profperity in 
the truth,) feemed to be much deprelTed 
and obftrudled by earthly-mindednefs, cover- 
ed over with a form of religion in fome 
heads of families, by whom undue liberties 
were winked at in their offspring: fuch not 
having zeal enough to fupprefs wrong things 
in their own families, are not like to pro- 
mote good order and difcipline in the 
church. We found fome who united v^rith 
us in a deep and earneft labour for a better 
regulation, arid triuch found admonition, 
caution, and cdunfel, were adminiftered^ 
which feemed (at leaft for the prefent) to 
have an awakening eiFe6t on fome. On the 
20th of the 7th month the quarterly- meet- 
ing was held at Nottingham, and, as we un- 
derftood, a juncflion of that, and the quar- 
terly-meeting of Derby fhire, was agreed on 
between them, and fhortly to be complet- 
ed. We drew up the ftate of the monthly- 
meetings in both the faid counties, as the 
fame appeared to us in our late vifit, with 
fundry remarks on the mournful declenfion 
found amongd them ; pointing out to them, 
in fome meafure, what we apprehended to 
have been the caufc thereof, that thofe con- 
cerned might both examine themfelves 
and be more watchful, in order to prevent 
fnch confequences for the future: which 
v\ras read in this meeting, and endeavours 
X X ufed 

340 The JOURNAL of 

ufed verbally alfo, chat the meeting might 
come under a folid fenfe of the ftate of their 
monthly- meetings, that proper affiftance 
might be extended for a general reforma- 
tion. But, alas ! there were but few amongtl; 
them enough devoted, heartily to engage 
in io good and neceflary a work ; however, 
we were enabled to clear ourfelves, by 
leaving the weight of things upon them, 
and to depart with eafe and fweet peace of 
mind. All praifes and humble thankfgiv- 
ings to our holy head, for his gracious and 
comfortable fupport, in our deep exercifes' 
and labour from place to place. For, alas! 
we fliould fooQ have fainted under the 
weight of that painful fervice, had he been 
pleafed to withdraw, even but for a little 
time; but we found him a never- failing 
fountain of all we flood in need of, and 
when our fervice for this time was over, 
we could not fay we lacked, any thing. The 
21 ft of the 7th month we v^ifited Caftle- 
Dunington monthly-meeting in Leicefter- 
Ihire, wherein divine favour was lary-elv 
extended, in which we received ftrength to 
labour earneftly, for the reviving of a living 
concern in the members, that difcipline 
and good order might be better maintained, 
which, through the indifference of fome, 
and the backward, cowardly difpolition of 
others, was but poorly fupported in fun- 
dry refpecfts ; yet this opportunity feemed 
to have a good eHecl, by a confidcrable 



reach upon many of their minds, and I hope 
may prove of great advantage to that meet- 
ing, as the members thereof feemed rather 
weak than wilful. The 24th \vq vifired 
Hinkley monthly-meeting, which, as to 
the fupport of difcipline and gofpel order, 
appeared to us almoft defolate. Our earneft 
labour for their help and recovery had 
little vifible impreffion on fome of their 
members, the infenfibillty was fo great; 
thougli others were avv^akened to a degree 
of feeling and tendernefs, who, I hope, 
received fome benefit thereby. The beft 
expedient that appeared to us, was their 
being joined to Leicefter monthly-meeting, 
which was accordingly recommended. The 
25th we vifited Dalby monthly-meeting; 
and as it appeared in the fame ftate as that 
of Hinkley laft mentioned, I fliali refer to 
that account, and only fay, we advifed it 
fnould be joined to the monthly-meeting of 
Caftle-Dunington, except a fmall branch 
thereof, which lay contiguous to Leicefter. 
The 27th we vifited Oakham m.onthly- 
meeting, where much flacknefs and indif- 
ference appeared, too many of the adive 
members being at eafe in a profeffion, whilft 
wrong things prevailed, and death inftead 
of life, overlhadowed their meetings. The 
Lord engaged us in a deep and fervent la- 
bour, to llir them up, that they might 
arife and fhake themfelves from the duft 
and clogging things of the earth, to receive 


342 The JOURNAL of 

the eye-falve of God's kingdom, whereby 
they might come to fee their own ftate as 
individual members, and alfo the general 
ftate of the church. Oh, how aihamed 
would fome then be, of their poverty and 
nakednefs ! We found a few amongft them 
in a humble, teachable frame of mind, 
with whom we had good fatisfaftion, hope- 
ing this opportunity might tend to their 
help and improvement in the beft things. 
The 28 th we vifited Leicefter monthly - 
meeting, in which we found fome honeft 
labourers for Sion's profperity, and truth 
opened our way, as at other places, to look 
carefully into the ftate of things, and to 
apply" fuitable counfel and advice, as the 
fame immediately opened, for the reftoring 
good order and wholefome difcipline, which 
appeared too much negledled; and I hope 
that opportunity was of good fervice to 
that meeting. 

On the 29th of the 7th month the quar- 
terly-meeting for the county was held at 
Leicefter, before which, we laid in writing 
the ftate of their monthly-meetings, as the 
fame appeared to us in pur late vilit, with 
fuch remarks thereon, as feemed to us pro- 
per and neceflary; and were deeply con- 
cerned, to bring the weighty fenfe of 
their great declenfion upon the fpirits 
of the acSive members, and the great 
xiecciTity of a fpeedy exertion of their Chrii- 
tiau endeavours for a regulation, left a ge- 


neral defolation fliould enfue. But, alas! 
the ftupefadlion was fo great in this as well 
as other places, that it was hard laborious 
work; yet not without hope of a revival, 
as fome concerned members were, by the 
overfliadowing of divine power, made wil- 
ling to give up their names, to contribute 
their endeavours for carrying on the necef- 
fary work of reformation, fb happily begun 
in the yearly-meeting. Here ended our 
vifit to monthly and quarterly-meetings for 
the prefent; and I have, with deep reve- 
rence, humbly to acknowledge, that a re- 
markable evidence of divine approbation 
attended us throughout; making us of one 
heart, by the baptifm of his unerring fpirit, 
fo that fcarcely a difference of fentimentfrom 
one another appeared during the whole 
journey. Another thing which appeared to 
me a token of divine favour attending, was 
the open reception we met with, notwitli- 
ftanding the plainnefs ufed by us, in verv 
clofe fearching inquiries and remarks \ipon 
many diforders, I hope my ufual freedom, 
in laying open the Hates of the monthly- 
raeetings, will give no juft caufe of offence 
to any who wiih well to Sion, fmce no- 
thing is more likely to flrike the minds of 
fucceeding generations with fear and care, 
than to have the lukewarmneis and defec- 
tion of many, who have been fo v\Tjnder- 
fully favoured, fct in a true light before 
them, together with fuch a remarkable ac- 

344 The JOURNAL a? 

count of the Lord's compaffion and con- 
defcending kindnefs, in feeking their re- 
floration, and offering his mercy to heal all 
their backilidings. How can any, without 
being ibmewhat affedled with fear, read the 
forrowful degeneracy of fome Chriftian 
churches, even in the apoflles days; like 
the firfl-fruits in the gofpel vineyard; par- 
ticularly that of the feven churches in Afia 
Minor, difcovered to the beloved John, in 
his ftate of banilhment for the word of God 
and the teftimony of Jefus Chrift, and by 
him with great plainnefs committed to 
writing, as a call and warning from God 
to them, and to remain, for the fame end, 
to all fucceeding generations ? I have no 
other end in what I have written concern- 
ing the ftate of our fociety; for whofe help 
and prefervation I have been freely given up 
in body, foul, and fpirit, as well as in what 
outward fubftance the Lord hath bounti- 
fully favoured me with, to contribute my 
fmall endeavours, that her light may go 
forth as brightnefs, and her falvation as a 
lamp that burns. 

A fummary account of this vifit and fer- 
vice was drawn up by us, and read in the 
yearly-meeting 1762, as was done the year 
before, when engaged in a fervice of the 
like nature. A like vifit was alfo per- 
formed by other friends, who had, fince 
the yearly-meeting 1761, engaged therein 
in different parts, whereby it appeared, all 



the monthly and qviarterly-meetings, in that 
part of Great-Britain properly called Eng- 
land, had then been vifited; which, as far 
as appeared, had been performed to general 
fatisfacftion. The yearly-meeting then re- 
commended to the friends appointed in 1 760, 
the care of extending the fame brotherly 
afTiflance to the meetings of our friends 
in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, as their 
way might open in gofpel freedom. Neither 
did the yearly-iTieeting omit fending a 
warm, lively epiftle to thofe already vifit- 
ed, to corroborate, revive, and ftrengthen 
the great labour beftowed, that the fame 
might be made effectual. I fhall now clofe 
this narrative with juft adding, that I have 
found by folid experience, that it was a 
bleffed work, and greatly bleffed in the 
carrying on. May it be fo in the fruits 
arifing therefrom, is the fincere defire of 
my foul ! 

The 2ifl of the 8th month, 1762, I fet 
out, in order to vifit London and fome other 
parts, and on firft-day the 22d, I went to 
Ratcliff meeting in the morning, where I 
had clofe, thorough fervice ; truth and its 
tefhimony having confiderable dominion ; it 
was an awakening time to carelefs profef- 
fors, and of refrefhlng confolation to Sion's 
travellers, of w^hom I believe there was a 
confiderable number there; I had with 
fatisfacftion to believe that meeting was ou 
the improving hand. I went in the after- 

346 The JOURNAL of 

noon to Horflydown; this was a tiiiie of 
deep travail and painful labour, as the life 
of religion feeraed to be greatly deprefled, 
by much indifference of mind in many, and 
the prevalence of flefhly liberties in others ; 
yet through infinite condefcenfion, at length 
the power and virtue of truth arofe, where- 
by the teftimony thereof was exalted over 
wrong things. On the fecond-day follow- 
ing I attended the morning meeting, and 
went on fourth-day to their monthly-meet- 
ing at the Peel, in which, through the ex- 
tending of heavenly good, I had open, 
edifying fervice; friends being favoured 
with a degree of that holy leaven, which, 
as it is abode in, preferves the feveral mem- 
bers of one heart and one mind. Oh, 
then the work goes fweetly on, the body 
edifying itfelf in love, as well as with one 
voice giving forth found judgment againft 
wrong things! On firft-day, the 29th, I 
went in the morning to Weftmlnfter, which 
was a very open good meeting, the telli- 
mony of truth went forth freely and 
largely, wifdom being given to divide the 
word aright, fo that the difobedient we're 
warned, and the mourners in Sion com- 
forted. I went in the afternoon to the 
Peel meeting, which was large and very la- 
borious, in a fuffering filence throughout; 
which, in fympathy with the depreffed feed 
of God's kingdom, and for an example to 
the profeffors thereof, appeared to be my 



proper bufinefs at that time. I attended 
the morning meeting on lecond-day, and 
went on 3d day to Flaiitow week-day meet- 
ing, in which I had ibme cloie fervice; 
but things, as to the life of religion, ap- 
peared to me low there, where tlie profef- 
fors of truth neglect a conilant labour for 
daily bread. 1 fpent that afternoon and 
the next day, chiefly on a vifit to our wor- 
thy friend John Hayward, who appeared 
green in old age. On fifth-day, the 2d 
of the 9th month, I went to Tottenham ; 
there beinq; two confiderable friends fchools, 
oile for boys, and the other for girls. By 
the free opening of the living fountain, it 
was a very precious, comfortable meeting, 
doiftrine and counfel being plentifully hand- 
ed forth, fuitably adapted to the childrens 
w^eak capacities, as well as to thofe of riper 
age: through the divine bleffing, it was a 
time of high favour and humble refrefh- 
nient to the upright in heart.. " That after- 
noon I had a very comfortable reviving 
time with our friend Jofiah Forfter ancl 
family, he being in a very poor ftate of 
health, in appearance not likely to conti- 
nue long in this vvorld ; he, with much 
tenderneis, expreiTed great fatisfaclion in 
that opportunity. On fixth-day, the 3d, I 
went to Gracechurch-Street meeting, which 
was low and laborious ; it appeared my 
proper bufinefs to fit in filence. On firft- 
day, the 5th, I went to Gracechurch-Street 
Y y ia 

348 The JOURNAL of 

in the morning, where tlie meeting was ex- 
ceeding large, and for a time, very trying 
and painful ; yet in the latter part, it pleafed 
the i.ord to arife, and his enemies were 
fcattered; then was truth exalted, and its 
teftimony went forth freely, having great 
dominion. In the afternoon, I went to the 
Peel meeting, where I had large, open fer- 
vlce, and truth was over all; it being a time 
of much comfort and relief to the lincere- 
hearted. Next day I was at the monthly 
morning-meeting of minifters and elders, 
fo called becaufe the members more gene- 
rally attend, efpecially the women. It was 
a bleffed time, wherein I had open good 
fervice, lliewing the great difference be- 
tv<^een the minifters of the letter and thofe 
of the fpirit: that the letter w^ithout the 
fpirit, though of the holy fcripture itfelf, 
kills that which is begotten of God in the 
hearts of people; but that it is the holy 
power, efficacy, and demonftration of the 
eternal fpirit, that renders the holy fcrip- 
ture, outward miniftry, and all other means 
ordained of God, for the comfort, help, 
and prefervation of his people, effedlual. 
I had to obferve, that the minifters of the 
letter were moft of all concerned for the 
external appearance of their miniftry, viz. 
that the words and dodlrine may Be curioufly 
adapted, not to difguft, but rather to pleafe 
thofe who have itching ears; on the con- 
trary, the minifters of the fpirit are leaft 



of all concerned about the outward appear- 
ance of their miniftry; having no doubt, 
if they are careful in the fpring, ground, 
and moving caufe, which they know fliould 
be the conflraining power of the holy fpirit, 
that will alfo be agreeable thereiuito ; feeing 
that power is able to render the moft low 
and (imple expreffion, in man's account, 
exceedingly efficacious. On third-day, the 
-jth, I fet out, accompanied by feveral 
friends, in order to have a meeting that 
afternoon at Charleywood ; it was a time 
of awakening labour, not eafily I hope to be 
forgot. On fourth-day, the 8th, I had a 
precious, open, ferviceable meeting, at 
Jordan's in the morning ; it was a time of 
general awakening, at leafl to a prefent fenfe 
of duty: that afternoon I had a painful 
laborious meeting at Uxbridge, and what 
made it more afliidling, was, that the gof- 
pel endeavours ufed for the help and reco- 
very of lukewarm profelTors, feemed to take 
very little effedl upon their minds. On 
fourth-day, the 8th, I went to Staines 
meeting, which, in the fore-part, was a 
time of very heavy, painful, filers-, labour; 
in which, as at many other times on the 
like occafion, I fully expedled the cloud 
and diftrefs would, remain, till we feparated 
one from another; yet near the conclufion, 
through infinite condefcenfion, truth arole 
and obtained a complete vicflory over w^'ong 
t;hings ; their ftates being fpoken to with 


350 The JOURNAL of 

great plainnefs ; but, alas ! things, as to the 
life of religion, feemed but low amongft 
moll of all ranks there. I went next day 
to a meeting at Godalmin, which proved 
a time of much favour, in the fweet and 
precious enjoyment of the confolating 
ft: earns of that river, which maketh glad 
the whole city of God ; in the blelTed 
efficacy whereof, the doctrines of truth 
were largely opened, fetting forth the na- 
ture of faith, l^^P^j ai"^d charity; but 
the greateft of all is charity, as faith 
will be fwallowed up in open vifion, and 
hope in the full enjoyment ; but charity 
never fails nor changes its nature, being 
the fame in time and in eternity. On 
firft-day, the 12th, I was at Alton meet- 
ing, in Hampihire, where we had a very 
large and precious baptizing meeting ; in 
the morning, the teftimony of truth had 
great dominion, and the living members 
were fweetly comforted together. The af- 
ternoon meeting there was very heavy and 
laborious, and held in filence. I had a very 
open facisfadlory meeting at Elher, on third- 
day the 14th, and another at Wandfworth 
the next day ; after which 1 went to Lon- 
don, and the next day, being the i6th of 
the 9th month, I returned home, finding 
my dear wife and family well : having, 
through infinite kindnefs, been much fa- 
voured in my fervice this fmall journey, 
and found more opennefs in the ci::y of 
London than heretofore. It v/as with great 



comfort I had to fee a growing hidden rem- 
nant in that city, who will be exalted in 
Ifrael in the Lord's time ; who hath, and 
will yet open a way . more and more, for 
his pained travelling children to exalt his 
name and truth, by removing the flumbling 
blocks and other impediments which yet 
remain in their way, and hinders them m 
fome meafme, from taking the rule and go- 
vernment, wdiich is their due and rii^htin the 
kingdom of Chrift ; and ufurpers fliall (ee, 
none can lit with Chnll upon thrones, but 
thofe who faithfully follow him in the re- 
generation, agreeable to his gracious pro- 
mife, viz. Mat. xix. 28. and Luke xxii. 30. 

To this period of time, being now \a 
the fiftieth year of my age, I have continued 
an account of divers occurrences of my life, 
labours, and experience; with fuudry ob- 
fervations on the ftate of the Chrilliaa io- 
ciety of which I am a member; and though 
done in a way of plain dealing, yet in truth 
and fincerity, as my mind hath been im- 
nxediately led and opened thereunto. Let 
none therefore take any undue advantages 
thereby to reproach the fame: no fociety 
of Chriftians, that I have ever had any know- 
ledge of, hath any advantage of this peo- 
ple, either in principle or praclice. Here 
I intend to lay afide my pen, not know- 
ing that time or ability will be given to 
add any more, which is all in the Lord's 
hand; to whom I humbly commit this, 


35i The JOURNAL of 

with my foxil and body, for prefer vation, 
during the fliort fpace of time he may be 
pleafed yet to lengthen my days ; befeeching 
his blefling may attend what is done ; with- 
out which, our endeavours are fruitlefs, 
for all the increafe is in and by him, who 
is glorious in holinefs, and fearful in praife. 
To whom be dominion and glory, through 
all ages and generations. Amen. 

From the year 1762, to the 7th month 
1765, I have preferved no particular me- 
morandum of my travels and fervice that 
I can at prefent find, and although I tra- 
velled no conliderable journies, yet, as I 
always thought it my incumbent duty, from 
my firft acquaintance with God*s everlaft- 
ing truth, I diligently attended meetings 
when at home and well, both firft and week 
days, alfo the quarterly and yearly-meet- 
ings, as they fell in courfe; as well as fome 
adjacent quarterly and other meetings. In 
the year 1764, I attended the yearly-meet- 
ings of Colchefter, Woodbridge, and Nor- 
wich, to good fatisfacflion and comfort, 
being favoured with free open fervice there- 
in, efpecially the two laft. In the fame 
year, having an inclination to vifit London 
and fome parts adjacent, as my way might 
open ; and likcwife having a manufcript by 
me, which I had written about two years be- 
fore, intitled. Some Brief Remarks upon fun- 
dry important Siibje£is^ <^'C. divers friends 
whole judgment I valued, having perufed 



It, expreffed their unity therewith, gene- 
rally apprehending there might be a fer- 
vice in making the fame publick; being 
thus encouraged, I laid it before the fecond- 
day morning meeting of Lc^ndon, a%is ufual 
in fuch cafes ; I attended the revifmg of it 
for the moft part: friends agreed it fliould 
be printed, which was accordingly done. 
It was afterwards reprinted here, in Ireland, 
and in America. 

^ Having had a vi-ew, flor feveral years, of 
vifiting^ friends in the American Colonies, 
as I waited with earneft defires to be rightly 
direcTted in fo folemn and weighty an under- 
taking, both as to the thing itfelf and the 
proper time to enter thereupon, I was fa- 
voured with clear and full fatisf idion, in 
both refpeds ; and had feen, for a confider- 
able time, that I fhould embarl: for that 
fervice foon after our yearly-meeting 1765: 
this I efteemed a particular favour, as I had 
thereby the better opportunity to order my 
outward affairs timely, fo as I m'ight, with 
more freedom and eafe, leave the.jn fo long 
a time; yet, except to my wii:c and two 
or three friends, who were eilajoined fe- 
crefy, I kept all to myfelf, till about the 
time it became neceffary to lay 1 ny concern 
before the monthly-meeting 'of; wdiich I 
was a member: which I did, and readily 
obtained their concurrence, and a certificate 
very fully expreffive of their unity; which 
€ertificate I carried to our quarterly-meet- 

354 The JOURNAL of 

ing, laying the flime, with my faid con- 
cerr:, before that meeting ; I aifo obtained 
their ready concurrence, fignified by an in- 
dorfement on the monthly-meeting certifi- 
cate'; itvhich certificate and indorfement, 
together with my concern, I laid before the 
yearly-meeting of minifters and elders in 
London, and after a time of weighty con- 
fideration, friends drew up and figned a cer- 
tificate of their full unity with me, and my 
intended undertaking. The ready and una- 
nimous concurrence of my much efteemed 
friends, was a great ftrength and comfort to 
me in my entering upon and throughout 
this folemn engagement. I was very fen- 
fible it was of fuch a nature, that the whole 
body of friends were deeply interefled in 
the right and proper performance thereof; 
and there Fore found my mind much refigned 
to the divine will, and to the determina- 
tion of his people. I returned home from 
the yearly-meeting, to complete the fet- 
dement of my outward affairs, having part- 
ly concluded, with divine permiflion, to 
embark ini a fhip likely to fail in two or 
three weeks. I went to our quarterly and 
yearly-meeting at Colchefler: where, being 
taken very ill of a fever, I returned home 
with my wife in a poft-chaife, being unable 
to ride on horfe-back. I was confined to 
my chamber about ten days ; • this put an 
intire Hop to all preparations for my intend- 
ed voyage; which, on account of my illnefs, 

I had 


I had wholly given over the expedlation of, 
as to the before-mentioned fliip ; but when 
I recovered, fo as to be able to move a 
little about, my mind did not feem eafy to 
let that fliip go away without me. I there- 
upon wrote to the merchants or owners, 
who I knew were delirous I ihould go in 
her, to know what time they could allow 
me to get ready; their anfwer was, about 
ten days: the time was ihort, and I was 
very weak in body, and had fome affairs of 
confequence to fettle which would take 
Ibme time; however, the will being good, 
i fet about them in earned, and beyond 
expeclation fucceeded therein, recovered 
flrength apace, and got through my affairs 
in time to fatisfadlion. I could not help 
looking upon this a providential fuccefs, 
as it was far beyond human probability: 
the Lord, in his deahng v/ith us his poor 
dependant creatures, fometimes brings us 
very low, baffling all our fldll and contri- 
vance, that he may clearly fhew us, that 
our fuccefs in fpiritual things, and even in 
temporals alfo, is by his providence. 

On the 9th day of the 7th month, 1765, 
I took leave of my dear wife and family, and 
accompanied by ievcral friends, went to meet 
the fhip at Gravefend, where we were met by 
about fifteen or fixteen friends from Lon- 
don ; we dined togedier, and lodged there 
that night. Next day, being the loth of 
the 7th month, I took leave of friends in 
Z z muc]|. 

356 The JOURNAL of 

much tender afFecllon, and went on board 
the CaroUna, James Friend mafter, bound 
for Philadelphia. We sot under ili'il about 
eleven o'clock, but it was near a week be- 
fore we took our departure from the Land's- 
End of E-ngland. We had, for a few days, 
a pretty fair w^ind, and a good fet-of from 
the land ; yet on our paflage we had a great 
deal of contrary winds, ^nd often a head 
fea, z\bout the 9th and loth of the 8th 
month, and for Ibme time before, things 
had but a very difcouraging afped, having 
got but a little on our way for about twenty 
days; moft of the company feemed to be 
affecied v/ith fadnefs on that account : at 
the fame time I had a ftrong perfuafion of 
mind, that the wind would turn in our fa- 
vour before night, and had almpft an in- 
clination to have told them fo, in order to 
cheer their fpirits, but was fearful of pre- 
fuming too much upon the certainty of 
what had prefented to my view, left I 
Ihould prove a falfe prophet, and thereby 
bring dilhonour to the good caufe; how- 
ever, it proved true, and held favourable 
to us a confiderable time, fo that we failed 
next day feven or eight miles an hour 
the right way. The 21ft of the 8th month 
we found ourfelves upon one of the banks 
of Newfoundland, having about twenty- 
eight fathom wa*-er. It was fome fatif- 
fatftion to find* ourfelves fo far on our way ; 
I was favoured with very good health, and a 



good appetite all the time, and, through di- 
vine favour, generally with a quiet refigned 
mind, having full fatisfadlion that I was in 
my place. The captain was very fleady, 
and well qualified for his ftation, and very 
kind to me; the palTengers alfo v\-ere gene- 
rally civil in their behaviour, though they 
often burdened and wearied my fpirit with 
their trifling, vain, empty difcourfes, in 
which I could not join, but was rather a 
reprover and a weight againfl them, which 
1 am perfuaded they frequently felt, and I 
am fenfibJe I was a confiderable awe upon 
them ; yet I thought it was prudent, as we 
were confined in one another's company, to 
uphold a family refpecl. I often reproved 
their vanity and corrupt converfation, and 
was enabled, in a good degree, to bring 
judgment over them, fo that fome would 
own I was right. Alas, I had forrowfully to 
obferve, by their manner of converfation, 
how empty, \ain, trifling, and even cor- 
rupt, the converfation of thofe efleemed the 
genteel and polite part of mankind, in our 
day, is become; little or nothing to be 
found therein, that conveys folid, profita- 
ble inftrucfliion, either in things relating to 
this life or the next, but in general it tends 
to deprave and corrupt : yet many thus void 
of felf-denial and government of their 
tongues, pretend, with great aflTurance, to lay 
undeniable claim to the holy and undefiled 
rqligion of Jefus Chrift; furely, they do 


353 The JOURNAL of 

not give tliemfelves any time to think feri- 
oufly about the nature of that religion, and 
mufl conclude, the name and profciTion 
without the fpirit and life, is all they arc 
to look for, except adhering to a few ex- 
terior obfervations : fuch grofs darknefs and 
Itupefaction is much to be lamented, but 
very hard to be helped when they are fo 
ignorant of their own flates. 

k was the loth of the 9th month, early 
in the morning, that we firft fi\w land, 
which proved to be Cape Henlopen; abou'c 
{ix o'clock we got a pilot on board, who was 
a native Indian; about nine vfe entered 
the Capes of the D^i^ aware, with the tide 
beginning to make in our favour; about 
eleven our ihip flruck the ground three 
times, but ioon got off. We had fine wind 
and weather, which made it exceeding plea- 
fant failing up the bay and river; we got 
up v/ith that tide, wichin about fix leagues 
of the city. Next day, about eleven 
o'clock, we came to an anchor before the city 
of PiiihwJelphia. I foon landed and went 
dire6lly to my old quarters, being very 
kindly received as form.erly, by my much 
efleemed friends Ifaac and Sarali Zane. I 
was about nine weeks on board the fliip in 
all, and about eight from land to land. I 
attended their week-day meeting on fifth- 
day, and had fome good open fervice there- 
in. I went on firfl-day to the great meet- 
ing, where perhaps was prefent, near, if 



not quite, 1500 friends, or thofe under our 
profeffion; m^ bufinels among them at that 
time feemed to be to fet them an example 
of iilence. I had, with fecret lanientation, 
to view their remarkable declenfion from 
a true fpirltual exercife, which appeared to 
me but too general, looking for words to 
feed upon; 1 found that craving was to be 
difappointed and famiilied, and therefore 
was often fliut up from public fervice a- 
mongfc them, efpecially at the great houfe, 
though I had fonie very clear, open, power- 
ful times, an the bleffed light and life of 
the everlafting gofpel, there aifo. On fixrh- 
day, the 20th of the month, I croiicd 
the river Delaware, and went to Haddon- 
field quarterly-meeting, which was very 
large, and I was largely opened to declare 
the truth amongft them with good authority, 
I returned next day to the city, and attended, 
the yearly-meeting of minifters and elders ; 
things feemed but low: this yearly-meet- 
ing, which was very large, concluded on 
fixth-day. It was in a good degree favour- 
ed with divine wifdom and ftrength, where- 
in friends were enabled to confider and con- 
clude fome weighty affairs with unanimity 
and brotherly love. The Lord was graci- 
oufly with me, affording wifdom and 
ftrength to be ferviceable at this meeting, 
both in miniflry and difcipline, wherein I 
liad f;?v'eet peace and comfort. I wisnt the 
firft'day following to Springfield-meeting, 


300 The JOURNAL of 

in Chefter county, where I had very open 
weighty fervice, and the bleffed truth pre- 
vailed. In the evening I had a comfortable 
meeting with a fick friend at Derby, who 
foon after departed this life. I then re- 
turned to Philadelphia, and attended both 
their week-day meetings, which were pain- 
fully laborious in a filent travail. On fixth- 
day went to their monthly-meeting, and 
was livingly opened therein, to fhew the 
rea&n why the church of Chrift is com- 
pared to a human body, conlifting of many 
and various members ; I had good fervice 
alio in the meeting of bufinefs. Their num- 
ber is very large, but many appeared to me 
weak and unikilful as to the proper qua- 
lifications of acftive members in the church, 
fbme of them did not appear to be re- 
deemed from fear, favour, and affection in 
judgment. I had great comfort in the la- 
bour of this day. On third-day, the i ft of 
the loth month, I had a very large meet- 
ing at Haddonfield, in Weft-Jeriey; the 
word was given, with clearnefs and gofpel 
authority, and I had to iliew the power and 
efficacy of true faith, and the weaknefs and 
infufficiency of an hiftorical or implicit 
faith: it was a good time, and the glori- 
ous truth was exalted. I then went to 
Chefter; the meeting was very large, and 
I had clofe, thorough fervice therein, on the 
fubjcdl of felf- denial and taking tip the 
daily crofs. On fifth-day, had a very large 



meeting at Evefham, and had therein 
weighty fervice, on the nature of that new- 
birth, without which no man can fee the 
kingdom of God; moft of the auditory 
feemed much fcrangers thereto, which made 
the labour heavier, yet wifdom was mer- 
cifully given to divide the word to this 
numerous aifembly, about the fpace of two 
hours. Next day I had a very thronged 
meeting at Mount-Holly, in New-Jerley; 
my labour in the miniflry was very clofe 
and fearching, to good fatisfailion. On 
firil-day, the 6th of the loth month, was 
at Burlington meeting, and had an open 
time; alfo at their monthly-meeting on the 
iecond-day following, which was very large; 
I was livingly • opened upon thefe w^ords, 
" Pray without ceafing, and in every thing 
" give thanks;" alfo fliewing, that the 
power of the word of life ought to be the 
fpring of atflion in the church of Chrift. 
On third-day, accompanied by divers friends, 
I croifed the river Delaware, and had a 
meeting at Briftol, in Pennfylvania; it v/as 
a fmail poor meeting, I laboured according 
to ability received, to flir up the members 
to a more lively concern, but things ap- 
peared very low. On fourth-day 1 had a 
large meeting at the Falls ; it was very la- 
borious, under a fenfe of a dry, lifelefs 
Hate in too many, and the inconiiflent con- 
dufl of others ; efpecially in that of exceP- 
five drinking, which I felt to caufe a very 


362 The journal of 

ill favour: I was informed after, it had great- 
ly prevailed upon many in that meeting, 
and that divers of them who were there 
^that day, had been dilbwned on that ac- 
count. Next day 1 had a large meeting at 
Wright's- town; I was opened therein, to 
ihew the fimilarity between the travels of 
the foul towards fpiritual Canaan, and 
thofe of the Ifraelites toAvards the outward 
Canaan. It was a clofe awakening time to 
dry, formal profeflbrs. On fixth-day, I 
had an exceeding large meeting at Buck- 
ingham; to this great gathering the ever- 
laiting gofpel was powerfully preached, and 
the end and deiign of true miniftry fet 
forth ; this was a bleifed time of divine re- 
frefhment, to the rejoicing of many hearts, 
and roufing, I hope, of the lukewarm, in a 
good degree. After this meeting, I felt it 
in my mind to fpeak to TKomas Rofs, 
a friend in the miniftry of that county, to 
bear me company to the fouthern provinces, 
which he, after due confideration and ob- 
taining his friends concurrence and certifi- 
cate, complied with; and not only that 
journey, but alfo to New-England, &c. fo 
that I was favoured with the agreeable 
company of this valuable friend, through 
molt of my American travels, which was 
to my great comfort. On firft-day, the 
13th of the loth month, I was at North- 
Wales meeting, which was very large, and 
was favoured with a thorough open time, 



to the tendering of many hearts. The day 
following had a large meeting at Plymouth; 
I was opened upon that paffage, " Believe not 
*' every fpirit/' &c. had dole work with li- 
bertines, fuch as are commonly called free- 
thinkers, and was carried over them: truth 
and its teftimony was greatly exalted and 
triumphed over that fpirit, and other wrong 
things. On third-day, had a large meet- 
ing at Horfliam, and was powerfully open- 
ed on the words of the prophet Joel, 
viz. " I will pour out my fpirit upon all 
*' flefh," &c. with fome clofe remarks to 
thofe who reft fatisfied with a mere profef- 
fion. After meeting, came a feventh-day 
Baptifl to the friend's houfe where I was; 
and if I had fuiFered it, would have led me 
out into a wide field of argument, for which 
I had neither time nor inclination; he ad- 
vanced feveral points, but I kept him fo 
clofe to fome of them that he was foon 
foiled, he found my method of arguing fo 
different from his ; he being for a multitude 
of words and a great deal of ramble, and 
I was for but a few words clofe to the 
point, backed with clear fcripture proof, 
fo we had quickly done; he feemed willing 
to drop it, and fb was I, for fuch are fo 
full of notion and fo fixed t;herein, that 
the cleared reafoning feems thrown away 
upon them. On fourth-day had a very large 
meeting at Abington, the place which I 
belonged to in my youthful days, and where 
A a a I was 

364 The journal of 

I was firft, through infinite mercy, brought 
to the knowledge of tlie ever-bleflfed truth ; 
and where my mouth was firPc opened above 
thirty years before, in a pubhc teflimony„ 
A dark cloud feemed painfully over the 
meeting in the fore part, yet at length truth 
pi-evailed, and utterance was largely given 
to declare the docflrine tliereof, ihewing that 
the children of Ifrael feared the Lord all 
the. days of Jofluia, and of the elders that 
out-lived him. It was a very awakening 
time, and many appeared to be pretty much 
affccled. Next day I had a fmall meeting 
at Frankfort, things appeared very low and 
dark for a time, yet at lengeh, wifdom and 
utterance were given upon thefe words, 
" Man being in honour, and abiding not 
^* therein, is like the beaft that periflieth/' 
There feemed a want of a living concern in 
tiie general. Next day had a large meet- 
ing at German- town J this was a dark pain- 
ful time in the fore part ; truth meafurably 
arofe, and the word was given, viz, 
" Let God arife, that his enemies may be 
*' fcattered/' Went after meeting to Phi- 
ladelphia, and on ift day, the 20th of the 
loth month, over Schuylkill, to Merion 
meeting ; things appeared exceeding low, as 
to the life of religion; I was concerned to 
call them to work while it is day, and it was 
a clofe fearching time. On fecond-day I 
went to the burial of a valuable friend at 
Derby, the fame with whom 1 had a meet- 


ing before-mentioned ; the ifieeting was 
very large, and there was great opennefs to 
declare the truth with clearnefs and divine 
authority, even to the confounding liber- 
tines and gainfayers, of whom I fear there 
is a confiderable number in that place: this 
feemed to me the moil favoured time I had 
had fmce I landed, and being alfo at the 
meeting I formerly belonged to for many 
years, it was a precious renewal of that 
fweet unity fome of us had enjoyed toge- 
ther many times formerly in that place. 
Next day I went to Philadelphia; and the 
firft-day following to Newtown meeting, 
in Chefter county, where I had very fearch- 
ing laborious fervice; things appeared to 
me mournfully low, as to the life of reli- 
gion, many being at eafe in a profeffioa 
thereof. I went next day to the month- 
ly-meeting at Providence, and had fome 
good edifying fervice to the poor in fpirit ; 
things appeared very low and heavy in the 
meeting for buiinefs. On third-day I had 
a large meeting at Radnor, and laboured to 
convince them that there is fome thing ii^ 
religion befides the form and outward pro- 
feffion, but few feemed to me alive there- 
in. On fourth-day went to Haverford 
meeting; I was opened upon the words of 
the apoftle, viz. '* Great is the myftery of 
*' godlinefs; God manifefted in the flelh." 
It was a good time, though the profefTors 
are but few, and in a poor weak ft ate. I 


g66 The JOURNAL of 

went on fifth-day to the monthly-meeting at 
Derby, the life of religion leemed very much 
depreffed; I was filent as to miniflry, but 
had fome fervice in the meeting of bufineis, 
and returned to the city that night. I had 
been indifpofed fome days pail^ and in 
much pain with a kind of flux; took fome 
medicine on fixth-day, and was foon better. 
Next day I went to their quarterly-meeting 
of miniflers and elders, where I was living- 
ly opened on that pafTage, '' Him that over- 
*' Cometh, I will make a pillar in the hoiife 
*' of my God," &c. Shewing, that the 
beafl and the falfe prophet mull be over- 
come, before we can fland with fafety and 
approbation in the great work of the mi- 
iiiflry. This quarterly-meeting ended on 
third -day, at the feveral fittings of which 
I had good open fervice, particularly at the 
Bank meeting on firft-day afternoon, 
file wing that thofe who are more willing 
to receive than to make fuitable returns, 
are neither fo honed nor grateful as they 
ought to be; and on third- day, at the great 
houfe, being the youths meeting, which 
was very large, concerning the nature and 
necefTity of Chrifl's baptifin vv^ith the Holy 
Ghofl and fire ; there was great flowing of 
love and enlargement of heart to the young 
people that way. On fourth-day I was at 
a meeting appointed for the poor negroes, 
and had open good fervice amongft them, in 
^he free flowing of univerfal love, wherein 

I was 


I was enabled to open unto them the way 
of Hfe and lalvation ; divers of them ap- 
peared to be affedled and tendered; it was a 
comfortable time. On fifth-day I was at 
a marriage in the city, and largely opened 
upon thefe words, viz. '' The bleffing of 
*' God mak ch truly rich," &c. Shewing, 
there is no real happinefs in any ftation of. 
life without it. It was a good time, for 
truth prevailed, 

I fet out on fixth-day, the 8 th of the 
loth month, on my intended journey to- 
ward$ Maryland, Virginia, and Carolina; 
and went that night to my brother-in-law, 
Micajah Speakman's, at Concord. Next 
day began their quarterly-meeting : through 
divine favour, I had thorough fervice at 
the three meetings held there; on feventh- 
day, at the.m^eeting of minifters and elders, 
I was livingly opened upon theie words 
of Chrift, " The difciple is not above his 
*' mafter, nor the fervant above his Lord;" 
alfo, concerning what was declared of 
Chrift, " That in his humiliation, his judg- 
*' meat wa§ taken away," &c*. That it 
is not to be wondered at, if our judgment 
in the truth is taken away at times, that 
we may fee who is the giver of it ; it was 
an effedlual reaching time. On firft-day I 
was mournfully aifeded with a diftrefilng 
fenle of the apoftacy of many in that meet- 

f A^s viii, 33. 

368 The JOURNAL of 

ing, from the life and power of religion; I 
had a very clofe awakening time, and trvith 
mercifully prevailed. On fecond-day I was 
largely opened with good authority, on 
thefe and other words, "He that cometh 
*' after me, muft firft deny himfelf," &c. 
Great weaknefs and want of living concern 
was felt in that exceeding large meeting, 
and too much leaning to their own under- 
ftanding, yet a faitliful remnant is pre- 
ferved ; I was favoured to be ferviceable in 
the meeting of bufinefs. I took Birming^ 
ham and Kennet meetings, in my way tg 
the quarterly-meeting at London-Grove; 
thefe were very large, and I had deep fearch- 
ing fervice at them ; but, alas 1 the life and 
power of religion is mournfully departed 
from by great numbers in that highly fa- 
voured land. On feventh-day, tUe i6tlx 
of the nth month, I w^ent to the quarterr 
ly-meeting of mlnifters and elders at Lon- 
don-Grove; it was a very painful diftreffing 
time; great barrennefs and carnality appear- 
ed to have prevailed in too many in thofe 
ftations, which was caufe of fore lamenta- 
tion: my public; fervice amonglt them 
was in much clofe plain-dealing, Ihewing, 
" that to be carnally-minded is death; and 
^^ that the natural man underflandeth not 
*' the things of the fpirit of God." Here 
my intended companion, Thomas Rofs, met 
me. On firft-day the meeting was very 
large; I had a clofe fearching time, parti- 



cularly to fome who flood in the foremofl: 
rank ; my fpirit '' was much diftrefled in 
viewing the great defolation made by the 
prevalence of many evils. On fecond-day 
I had large thorough fervice to the various 
ftates of the members, and alfo in the meet- 
ing of bufinefs, which appeared to be well 
conducted; ibme fkilful members being 
principally engaged therein. On third-day 
the meeting was very large, and through 
divine favour, I was ralfed in much ftrengtli 
and clearnefs to divide the word amongft 
them; fhev/ing, *' That the children of 
'* Ifrael feared the Lord all the days of 
'^ Jofhua, and of the elders that out-lived 
'' Jofiiua, who had feen the wonders of the 
'' Lord." I was opened largely upon the 
degeneracy of our Ibcicty, and with great 
weight and dread, I had to fignify, that 
the judgments of the Lord would be poured 
out upon them, and that what they had yet 
{ctn^ was but like the beginning of forrows, 
that the ftroke would fall upon their idols, 
their worldly enjoyments. It came before 
me many times, that the fruits of the earth 
would be fmitten, whereby there w^ould be 
a fore famine in the land, and that judg- 
ments, much heavier than they had yet 
known, would fall upon them; it feemed 
to me various ways, of which the fword 
would be one. It was an exceeding awful 
deep-fearching time as ever I knew; I hope 
not eafily to be forgotten. Next day I went 


370 The JOURNAL of 

to Sadfbury monthly- meeting, where Fhad 
fatisfadlory fervice, both in the miniftry and 
difcipline. On fixth-day we had a meeting 
at Lancafter; divers not under onr name 
came to it; my concern therein was to en- 
deavour to open to the underftanding of the 
people, what true reUgion is: we had a 
pretty fatisfadlory meeting at Ifaac White- 
lock's in the evening. On feventh-day, we 
crofTed Sufquehanna, at Wright's- Ferry, 
and next day went to Newbury meet- 
ing; fecond-day to Warrington; third- 
day to Huntington ; fourth-day to Monallen ; 
at all which places, I had clofe thorough 
fervice; found things, as to the life of 
religion, very low amongft friends ; yet a 
remnant was preferved fenfible from whence 
good comes. We went from thence into 
Maryland, and had fmall meetings at Pipe- 
Creek, and Bufli-Creek ; friends were few in 
number, and feemed low in religious expe- 
rience. From thence, fording over the great 
river Patowmack, we entered the province of 
Virginia, and on third-day, the 3d of the 1 2th 
month, we had a very large meeting at Fair- 
fax: truth opened do6lrine and counfel 
largely, fhewing, that two things- are eflen- 
tial to the very being of a true Chriftian, 
viz. The faving experimental knowledge of 
God, and the knowledge of ourfelves ; the 
laft being the natural confequence of the 
firfl : it was a highly favoured time, and the 
living were fweetly comforted. Next day 

I had 


1 had a large meeting at Goofe-Creek; it 
was an exceeding dark affiidling time : my 
mind was deeply impreffed with a fenfe of 
a corrupt, blafting miniftry being amongft 
them; aiid the people having itching ears, 
loved to have it fo; this was fo ftrong upon 
my mind, that I feared for fome time I fhould 
have been under a neceffity of declarimg it 
publicly in the meetings I was an intire 
ftranger, and did not know by any out- 
ward information, that they had any who 
appeared in public. After meeting, I took 
fome of the elderly friends afide, and told 
them how it had been with me, as above, 
for I was filent the whole meeting; I was 
informed afterwards, that there was a for- 
ward unruly man, who had given fenfible 
friends much trouble in feveral places, and 
had been much laboured with by way of ad- 
vice, to refrain from his public appearance ; 
that he had for fome time fettled within the 
compafs of that remote meeting, and was 
encouraged by many of the members, to 
the great uneafinefs of fome others. That 
afternoon I put what was upon my mind 
in relation thereto, with a few remarks 
thereon, in writing, and fent it to fome 
friends of that meeting, but never heard 
what effedl it had. In our way to Opeckan, 
we had a fmall meeting at a place called the 
Gap, where gofpel docftrine, fhewing the 
way and means of falvation by Jefus Chrift, 
was freelv and largely preached. On firftr 
"^ ' B b b day, 

372 The JOURNAL ok 

day, the 8th of the 12th month, we went 
to Hopewell meeting; it was an exceeding 
dark, affiicling time; great infenfibihty and 
lukewarmnefs appeared in almoft a general 
way ; I was led in as cloie, plain-dealing, 
and feaixhing a manner, as ever I remem- 
ber. The third-day following we had a 
large meeting at Crooked-Run, both friends 
and many others attended. My mind was 
exceedingly low the morning of that day, be- 
ing lately let out on a great journey, and my 
horfe was fallen very lame, and it feemed un- 
likely that I could be fupplied with a fuitable 
one in thofe back parts : what to do I could 
not tell ; the more I thought about my dif- 
trefled condition, the more I funk and was 
perplexed. In this difconfolate ftate, I 
went to the meeting : to fee fuch a number 
of other focieties, and fome of them of high 
rank by their appearance, ftill added to my 
diftrefs in this weak ftate, greatly fearing 
the blelTed truth Ihould be difhonoured 
through me; yet as I endeavoured to look 
fingly to the Lord, he was gracioully pleafed 
to be a prefent help in the needful time, 
and appeared to my foul, as it were in an 
inftant, as a clear morning without clouds. 
An heavenly time I had, upon thefe words. 
*' Truft in the Lord, and lean not to thine 
*' own underftanding ;*' fnewing clearly, 
that the foul's falvation was of God and 
not by, human ability: the oil of glad- 
nefs ran fweetiy. Next day, my horie 



:being unexpecfledly recovered of his lame- 
nefs, we fet out on our' long journey to^ 
wards Carolina, and he continued well all 
the time. I write this for the encourage- 
ment of fome poor travellers into whofe 
hands this may fall. After three days tra- 
i^elling, we had two poor frnall meetings, 
where the life of religion feemed to be al- 
nioft, if not wholly loil, viz. Gamp -Creek 
and Foj'k-Creek; we had but little fatis- 
;faclion in our gofpel labours, and endea- 
vours to revive true religion in thefe poor 
places. From Fork-Creek, to the firft 
meeting we had in the back fettlements of 
North-Carolina, was about 235 miles. In 
our way thither, we had four fmall poor 
meetings, viz. Jenito, Amelia, and Ban- 
nilter, and a meeting at Kirl)y's, on the 
banks of Dan- River: to fome of . them, 
many of other Ibcieties came, and gofpel 
dodlrine was opened largely for their help 
and information; in which labour there 
was ^good latisfac^ion ; but alas ! few under 
our name in thofe parts, let the true light 
ihine before men, but were moft of them 
as ftumbling blocks in the w^iy of ferious 
inquirers : w^e w^ere enabled to clear our 
minds to them, and proceeded on our jour- 
ney. On the 29th of the 12th month, we * 
went to New-Garden meeting, in North- 
Carolina, which was very large, and moftly 
of profelTors with us : a thick, dark cloud 
pver-lbadowed the fore- part of that meet- 
in o- 

374 The JOURNAL of 

ing, and it was a painful, diftreffing time; 
moft of them feemed as afleep, (i Thef. v. 
6, 7.) in the night; yet at length, through 
merciful kindnefs, truth prevailed in a good 
degree, and a clofe awakening time it was, 
and many feemed to be reached and tendered 
by the virtue of truth, and 1 found great eafe 
and liberty of fpirit after meeting. On 
fecond-day we had a large meeting at peep- 
River, moftly of profefTors with us, but they 
appeared io generally void of a fpiritual con- 
cern, that there appeared to me no room 
for truth to arife into dominion. I found 
it my place to fit the whole time in filence, 
which, I believe, was no fmall difappoint- 
ment. On fourth-day, there being a mar- 
riage, we went to New-Garden again; 
wifdom and utterance were giveu to fpeak 
largely and with good demonftration, in a 
very fearching manner to their ftates. On 
fifth-day we had a meeting at Centre; it 
was extremely cold, and, as fome obferv- 
ed, the like had not been known there in 
the memory of man; and being quite an 
open meeting-houfe, and very little of any 
thing to be felt amongft them of religi- 
ous warmth, it was really a diftreffing time 
inwardly and outwardly ; yet, throiigr. di- 
vine favour, I was preferved in a good de- 
gree of refignation. Next day we had a 
Imall meeting at Rocky-River. I could 
find very little of the wreftling feed there- 
in; we flit the whole meeting filent, yet a 



friend had fomething to offer very fuitable 
to their ftates. On feventh-day we went 
to their monthly-meeting at Cane-Creek; 
this was large, but moft of the members 
leemed void of a folid fenfe and folem- 
nity ; a fpirit of felf-righteoufnefs and con- 
tention was painfully felt; the leaven of 
the Pharifee leemed to prevail, and the few 
living fenfible members were borne down 
and difcouraged: moft of the meeting of 
worfhip was held in filence ; yet towards 
the conclufion, fome very clofe remarks 
were delivered to their ftates, and very plain 
dealing in the meeting of bufinefs. It feems 
to me, that when affairs of importance come 
before fuch a meeting, they are very likely 
to be perplexed and made worfe by ill ma- 
nagement, which I have reafon to believe 
has been much the cafe in that meeting. I 
am perfuaded many of thofe under our 
name have removed out of Pennfylvania 
and other places to thofe parts, in their 
own wills, having taken counfel of their 
own depraved hearts, and when they hav^ 
got thither, have fet up for fomething in 
the church ; but it feemed to me moft of 
them were very unfit for the fpiritual build- 
ing, not having been hewn in the mount. 
We went to their meeting on firft-day, but 
there was much darknefs and death over 
them ; I found it my duty to lit the whole 
meeting in filence. On fecond-day wc went 
to the Spring- meeting; I was led therein 


376 The JOURNAL of 

largely to fpeak upon the fubjecfl of water* 
baptiim, which I wondered much at, as 
not knowing of any being there who did 
not profefs Math us ; for as people in gene- 
ral in thofe parts, clothe in a mean way, 
the difference is not great in their drefs 
and appearance. After meeting, I under- 
flood that the Baptifts gained ground much 
that way, and even had prevailed on fome 
of our fociety to join with them, and 
that their teacher was there; and alfo a 
woman brought up amongft us, who thought 
it was her duty to be baptized, but her 
hufband oppofed it; and that the Baptift 
preacher took her and her hufband into the 
meeting- houfe, when the people were gone, 
to undo (as it was fuppofed) that day's 
work, or to prevent its having effedl upon 
the woman : it was a time of great favour, 
and the one faving baptifm was exalted 
above all types, figns and fliadows. Next day 
we had a fmall, poor meeting at the Haw- 
field's ; and on fourth-day we had a meet^ 
ing at Eno, wdiich was the laft we had in 
the upper fettlement: this was a labori- 
ous meeting, by clofe, plain-dealing Avith 
wrong fpirits, for which, we underllood 
afterwards, there was a caufe. On the 9th 
t)f the I ft month, 1.766, we fet out, hav- 
ing two guides, for the lower fettlements 
of North Carolina, being about 200 miles, 
and had but two fmall meetings in the way, 
viz. Richfquare, and at one Stephen's; at 



the firft, many of other focieties came in ; 
the gofpel was freely declared with good au- 
thority and clearnefs, to the reaching of di- 
vers prefent: at the other place there feemed 
to be very little, either form orfubftance; we 
were quite fliut up as to miniftry. We got 
to our friend Thomas Newby's, at Plney- 
woods, on third-day, the 14th, being 
pretty much fatigued, we refted a few days 
there. On feventh-day we went to the 
funeral of a woman friend, and had a m.eet- 
ing; after a time of deep wading, the word 
was given in counfel and fearching doc- 
trine, to their dates, who feemed moftly 
to be fettled in a mere form and profeffion: 
after meeting we went to our friend Thomas 
Nicholfon's. The firft-day following we 
were at Little-River meeting, which was 
large, but very low and dark in the fore- 
part; the profelTors we felt were much at 
eafe and in a ftate of indifferency ; yet at 
length, in great mercy, the bleffed power 
of truth arofe, and afforded counfel and 
docftrine fuited to their flate. It was a 
fearching time, I hope not eafily to be for- 
gotten. On third-day had a large meeting at 
Simon's-Creek ; through divine favour gof- 
pel truths were opened there, with clearnefs 
and good demonftration, to the affecT:ing of 
many hearts. Next day had a meeting at 
Newbegun, which was pretty large and 
open. On fifth-day we had a very large 
meeting at Oldneck, near the centre of 


J78 Thk journal of 

friends in this fettlenient, and others catnc 
together in abundance. I was fhut vip the 
whole time in filence, which I apprehended 
they had not been much ufed to. Next 
day we had a large meeting at Wells, iii 
which I had a clofe learching time ; but, 
alas ! it feemed to me that the profefTors of 
truth here-about, are many of them far gone 
from a lively {enfe of true religion, and are 
become harder to reach than people of other 
focieties. On firfl-day, the 26th of the 
I ft month, we had a very large meeting at 
Ringwood's, it being the laft we were to 
have in Carolina ; fome friends came to it, 
I believe, from all the other meetings, with 
many of other focieties: at firft it was a 
time of painful travail, but at length the 
great M after was pleafed to give wifdoni 
and ftrength, in gofpel authority to open 
the ftate of the fociety in thofe parts, and 
to divide to them feverally ; alfo to fliew, 
that in every difpenfation of God to man, 
he was pleafed to give to thofe who are 
iincerely attentive, clear evidence of his 
will, and approbation of their obedience; 
it was a highly favoured time, which, I 
hope, will not foon be forgotten. Next day 
w^e travelled into Virginia, and on third- 
day had a meeting at Somerton's ; the doc- 
trine of truth was largely opened, and fome 
very cloie remarks on the ftate of our fo- 
ciety ; many others alfo being prefent: the 
veftimony had a confiderable reach. Next 



day we had a large meeting at the Wefterrt 
Branch of Nancemund: thofe under our 
profelTion appeared too generally unac- 
quainted with the work of religion upon 
their heax'ts; many weighty truths were 
clofely delivered, but did not feem to take 
fo much effect upon the minds of many, as 
could have been defired. 

On fifth- day we had a large meeting at 
Black-Water; the greateft number of Ne- 
groes were at it that I ever fliw at a meet- 
ing not appointed on purpofe for them: 
this was a highly favoured time; the ever- 
lafting gofpel was preached with clearnefs 
and good demonftration, fliewing, that the 
inward and fpiritual knowledge of God, 
is the fubftance of true religion; and that, 
according to the prophet, this knowledge 
was to cover the earth as the waters cover 
the fea. I had great fatisfadlion and comfort 
in the labour of that day. We went frora 
hence to the quarterly-meeting at Black- 
Creek; the number here was large, but, 
alas ! great deadnefs, infenfibility, and dark- 
nefs were felt to prevail among ft them ; 
clofe labour, in great plainnefs, was ufed, 
fhewing the caufe thereof: amongll other 
things, that which appeared none of the leafl; 
was their keeping the negroes in perpetual 
flavery. I was often concerned to ufe plain- 
nefs in families where I went, in refpedl to 
this matter, and am fatisfied truth will 
never profjper amongft them, nor any others. 

380 The journal of 

who are in the pradlice of keeping this 
race of mankind in bondage. It is too 
nianifeft to be denievl, that the life of reli- 
gion is almofl loft where flaves are very- 
numerous ; and it is impofTible it fliould be 
otherwife, the pracflice being as contrary to 
the fpirit of Chriftianity as light is to 
darknefs. Through divine favour, the tefli- 
mony of truth prevails againft it in mofl 
of the American colonies, efpecially in 
Pennfylvania and the Jerfeys. We took 
meetings from this place at Burleigh, Pe- 
terlburg, at Curl's, over James's River, 
Wain-Oak, John Crew's, Black-Creek, and 
the Swamp; moft of which were very la- 
borious, in a forrowful {enfc that the life 
of religion was too generally departed from ; 
yet in all of them, except Wain-Oak, a 
degree of wifdoin and utterance was given, 
to labour in the love of the gofpel for 
their help and recovery; which I hope was 
not altogether in vain. The next meet- 
ings we went to were Cedar-Creek, and 
Caroline, being the laft we had in Virginia, 
they were large ; not only thofe under our 
profeflion attended, but alfo many others, 
as was often the cafe in thefe parts. I think 
it may be truly faid, thefe were memorable 
meetings: the gofpel was preached in the 
demonftration of the fpirit and with power, 
which appeared to reach and tender many 
if not moft prefent, and my mind was com- 
fortably relieved from that painful weight 



of death and darknefs which moftly attend- 
ed it in thefe greatly corrupted colonies. 
On fifth-day, the 13th of the 2d month, 
we fet out for Maryland, croffing Rappaba- 
nock-River at Port-Royal., and Patowmack, 
about three miles over, at How*s-Ferry. 
We got to Weft-River meeting on firft- 
day, the i6th of the 2d month. We found 
very little if any thing in that meeting, 
of that fimplicity and felf-denial fo con- 
fpicuous in our ancients ; but a conformity 
to the falhions and corrupt cuftoms of a 
vain world. The gofpel power arofe, giv- 
ing ability to fet forth the nature of Chrif- 
tianity, and how far the profeffbrs had de- 
viated therefrom in life and pra6lice. The 
judgment of truth was fet over libertines 
and unfaithful profelTors thereof. The next 
meetings we had, were at Indian-Spring, 
Sandy- Spring, Elkridge, Patapfco, Gun- 
Powder, Little-Falls, Bufli-River, and 
Deer-Creek; we were alfo at Deer-Creek 
monthly-meeting next day: in all which 
meetings, ability was mercifully given, to 
divide the word fuitably to the various 
ftates, which feemed, in a general way, 
much out of the order, aiid from under 
the government of truth; yet the labour 
tended to folid fatisfadlion and peace; I 
hope it may be reniembered by fome to ad- 

Thus having vifited the weftern fliore of 
Maryland, we ci'oITed the great river Suf- 


j82 The JOURNAL of 

quehanna, and went to the houfe of our friend 
John Churchman, near Eaft Nottingham. 
On firft-day, the 2d of the 3d month, we 
went to that meeting, which was very large^ 
the profellors of truth being numerous here- 
about; to this great allembly, the goijpel 
of life and falvation was powerfully preach- 
ed, Ihewing the force of truth, how it 
gained the general aflent of people, yet few 
were concerned to know the fame in ex- 
perience or pradlice. It was a highly fa- 
voured time, and the meeting feemed to 
be generally aflecfled. From Nottingham 
we went to the following meetings, viz. 
New-Garden, HockelTon, Center, and Ken-* 
net, which were moftly large, abiuidance 
flocking to them from adjacent meetings. 
The travail of fpirit in thefe meetings was 
very deep and painful \ much diftreffing flat- 
nefs and infenfibility were felt; yet, through 
merciful help, truth prevailed and largely 
opened do6lrine and counfel fuitable to 
their fiates ; fhewing, there \% not the leaft 
grounds to hope for happinefs in a future 
Hate, unlefs true religion becomes the prin- 
cipal concern of the mind ; and abundance 
more, in the free extendings of gofpel life 
and power, to the reaching of many hearts : 
everlaflingly adored, reverenced, and wor- 
ihipped, be infinite condefcending love. 
Amen I 

From Kennet . I went home with my 
filler Speakman to Concord, and ,fl:aid 



there one night, and iiext day to Golhen 
monthly-nieciing, which was very large; 
there was a great body of friends, generally 
under a plain appearance ; but, alas ! it pro- 
ved a painful, gloomy time of filent travail 
to me, the Mvhole time of worfhip ; and 
through the meeting of bulinefs, though in 
a good degree regularly and decently con- 
duded, the cloud flill remained ; this I am 
perfuaded was occafioned by the lukewarm 
carelefs ftaie of many members; there is 
great want of that living concern and holy 
ardour of foul, which tlie Lord is often 
pleafed to own in our religious meetings. 
The members engaging in his work, with- 
out his prefence to animate and endow with 
heavenly wifdom, cannot fail of caufing 
thick darknefs, which may be felt by thofe 
who are truly alive and have their fpiritual 
fenfes exercifed. After meeting, my valu- 
able companion, Thomas Rofs and I part- 
ed for the prefent, he returning home, and 
I flaid Gofiien meeting, on firft-day, the 
9th of the 3d month. It was very large, 
and in the fore-part low and cloudy; yet 
at length I was favoured with a degree of 
faith, which enabled me to ftand up, and 
as I continued in patience, I found an in- 
creafe, with conliderable enlargement to 
fpeak clofely to their feveral ftates, from 
thefe words, " Truft in the Lord with all 
*' thy heart, and lean not to thine own un- 
'' derftanding." But, alas! very many of 


384 The journal of 

them feemed to be far gone into the fplrlt 
of the world, and at eafe in a profeffion; 
fo that inftead of Goflien being a land of 
light, darknefs hath prevailed in a forrow- 
ful degree, and many are not fenfible of it 
to lament it. I went from thence to Phi- 
ladelphia, taking Derby meeting in my way ; 
got thither on fixth-day, the 14th of the 
3d month, having been on this journey 
abmit four months. I was received with 
affecSionate kindnefs by my friends in that 
city, and attended three meetings on the 
firfl-day following; at two of which I 
was filent, as was often my lot there, 
I believe to difappoint and famifh the un- 
fandlified defires and cravings of many after 
words. I attended their week-day meet- 
ings, and had confiderable fervice therein. 
On feventh-day began their general Spring- 
meeting, which ended on third-day follow- 
ing ; fome of thofe large meetings were held 
moftly in filence. I had then, as has often 
been the cafe, a deep travail upon my fpirit, 
that the people might be led by the exam- 
ple of minifters and elders, to find the 
comfort and advantage of true filent wor- 
fliip, every one coming to fit under their 
own vine and under their own fig-tree, 
where none could make them afraid. I 
had, notwithftanding, at fome of them, 
good, open, public fervice. I flaid in 
the city till their monthly-meeting was 



over on fixth-day, where I had fome clofe 
fervice, and then went to the yearly-meet- 
ing at Wilmington, and was at four meet- 
ings in two days. At three of them, the 
truths of the gofpel were largely and with 
clearnefs declared, to much fatisfacftion and 
comfort, I returned towards the city, at- 
tending Derby monthly-meeting in my 
way, where things appeared mournfully 
low; fome of the a(flive members feeming 
veiy unfkilful in the management of the 
difcipline: earned labour was beftowed, 
but I thought it had very little effedl. On 
fixth-day I went to the children's meeting 
in the city ; I fuppofe there were atout 200 
in all, of both fexes. On firfl-day, the 
6th of the 4th month, in company with 
feveral friends, I crofTed Delaware, at Glou- 
cefter-Foint : the wind blowing very hard, 
it appeared dangerous; yet the boatmen be- 
ing very careful, through mercy we got 
well over, and went to Woodbury meet-* 
ing, which was very large, and the gofpel 
power livingly arofe, wherein many weighty 
truths were delivered, lliewing the great 
ufe of that propenfity in man of feeking 
after happinefs, if rightly direded; alfo, 
wherein true happinefs confifts, and how 
to attain the fame. It was a good time, 
through the gracious extendings of merci- 
ful regard. I went home with my near 
friend Ifaac Andrews, who bore me com- 
pany this journey, three or four weeks in 


386 The JOURNAL op 

the Jerfeys; we had meetings that week at 
Upper Greenwich, Piles-Grove, at the head 
of Alloway's-Creek, Salem, and Alloway's- 
Creek; thefe meetings were moftly large; 
great kikewarmnefs and infenfibility were 
painfully felt, many feeming to reft in 
only profeffing the religion of their educa- 
tion; for thefe I had a deep concern and 
travail of mind, that they might come to 
know Chrift formed in them. The Lord 
w^as gracioufly pleafed, in great kmdnefs 
and condefcenfion, to furnifli with matter 
and utterance in an awakening nianner, in 
order to make them fenfible of the nature 
and importance of true religion and wor- 
fhip : may it not be in vain ! On firft-day, 
the 13th of the 4th month, we went to 
Greenwich meeting; the glorious gofpel- 
power eminently manifefted itfelf that day, 
by clearly opening divers weighty points 
of dodlrine, fuitable to the various ftates of 
that large auditory; among other things, 
Ihewing that the true and faving know- 
ledge of God, whereby we obtain the right 
knowledge of ourfelves, is elTential to the 
very being of a real Chrlftian ; and by what 
means that knowledge is obtained. It was 
a highly favoured time, for the Lord's 
heavenly power was over all, and the peo- 
ple appeared to be generally affecfled. Next 
day we had a large meeting among the 
Prefbyterians, at a place called New-Eng- 
land Town; their minifter having conde- 



fcended to give notice the day before from 
the pulpit, of a meeting for vis ; he attend- 
ed it himfelf, with, I fuppofe, moft of 
his hearers, who behaved folid and refpe<5l- 
ful. The univerfal love of God, tlirough 
Chrift, to mankind, was largely fet forth, 
and people direcfled from outward obfer- 
vations, to the fubflance, whereby viiftory 
might be obtained over fin: it was a fa- 
voured time, and the people feemed gene- 
rally well afFedled and very loving, though 
divers things were delivered which are 
ufually controverted between us and thofe 
people; there was no vilible oppofition, 
but all pafTed off quiet and peaceable. On 
fourth-day we travelled a day's journey 
through the Pine-barren wildernefs, to 
Cape-May; we had one meeting there, 
and two at Great Egg- Harbour. We found 
the number of profelTors fmall, and things, 
as to the life of religion, low; yet we 
were enabled to adminifter fuitably to their 
ftates for their help and recovery, and had 
a good degree of fatisfadlion and peace 
therein. On thii?d-day, the 2 2d of the 
4th month, we had a large meeting at Lit- 
tle Egg-Harbour; after a time of trying 
pcHterty and deep travail, gofpel life and 
power mercifully arofe, in which, dodlrine 
and C4)unfel flowed forth freely to divers 
ftates, particularly to a libertine youth. 
Next day we had a meeting in a new 
Prefbyterian meeting-houfe, near Barnag:att - 
Ddd {[ 

388 The JOURNAL of 

it was a large meeting, and held more than 
an hour in filence, which the people were 
not accuftomed to. At length the word 
was given with authority and clearnefs, 
fliewing the neceffity and advantage of 
filence in worfliip, and diftinguifhing Chrif- 
tians of the letter from Chriftians of the 
fpirit, as alfo minifters of the letter from 
minifters of the fpirit ; and that tliofe who 
are always ready to preach, muft either have 
the fpirit at command, or a(5l without it. 
It was a great and good time; the people 
appeared to be generally afFedled, and all 
paifed off quietly, without any oppofition. 
We travelled on by the fea-fide, to a place 
called Good-Luck, where we found a large 
meeting-houfe eredled though not quite 
finiflied, by one Thomas Potter, intended 
by him, it feems, for all preachers to make 
ufe of who would preach freely, except 
Papifts, who would not be admitted even on 
thofe terms ; we had a meeting in it, but 
notice not coming timely, nor Thomas 
Potter being at home himfelf, it was fmall 
and to little fatisfacflion. We met him that 
afternoon on his return, he feemed fbrry he 
happened to be out at that time ; he fees 
beyond hireling miniftry, and I underftand, 
inclines moft to friends of any, but joins 
to none. On fixth-day we had a poor, low 
meeting, at Monefquan; I doubt, but 
very few therein were alive in religion; 
ibme gofpeWabours were beftowed for their 



help. We went after meeting to Shr^wf- 
bury, intending to be at their quarterly- 
meeting, which begun on firft-day, the 
27th of the 4th month. It was exceed- 
ing large; fonae folid friends were prefent, 
alfo many loofe, libertine people under our 
name, and of other focieties. In that fad 
mixture, the life of religion was exceed- 
ingly depreffed, ^nd my mind in fympathy 
with it: I could not wade through to get 
eafe and fatisfaclion that day, though I la- 
boured very hard. Next day the meeting 
was very large, the power of truth in mar- 
Tellous kindnefs arofe, and the gofpel was 
preached with good authority and clearnefs, 
to the various ftates of that great auditory. 
The meeting of bufinefs followed; there 
feemed btit little judgment to maintain good 
order and difcipline: unity appeared not fo 
general as could have been defired. On 
third-day abundance of people flocked to 
meeting, perhaps with much expectation; 
but my way was fhut up as to miniftry, 
and but very little from any other; I 
found peace and fatisfaction by abiding in 
my place. On fifth-day I went to Chefter^ 
field monthly-meeting; it was very large, 
and I had deep and painful wading therein, 
in my public fervice, fhewing what man is 
by nature, whatever mode or form of reli- 
gion he decks and adorns himfelf withal ; 
for that which is born of the flefh is but 
iMti, and cannot fee the kii||[dom of God. 

I got 

390 The JOURNAL or 

I got through at laft to a pretty good de- 
gree of fatisfadlion, but found much clofe 
labour in the meeting of bufinefs, and faw 
great deviation from the right thing, in 
fome high ruHng members, who had car- 
ried an affair through that meeting againft 
the moft hvely part of the body, which 
they 'themfelves had fufficient caufe to re- 
pent. On lixth and feventh-days, I had 
meetings at Upper-Freehold, and New- 
Springfield, and on firft-day, the 4th of 
the 5th month, had a very large meeting at 
Mansfield in, the morning, and another at 
Borden-Town in the evening. The people 
feemed full of expedation from one come 
fp far; but it pleafed the great Mailer, 
without whofe gracious aid the? poor fer- 
vant can do nothing to advantage, to fhut 
me wholly up as to miniflry, in both 
places, to the great difappointment of many ; 
but there was no remedy; I durft not con- 
trive or form any thing for them : how- 
ever, I have no doubt, but filence was the 
mLoft profitable leflbn for thofe meetings. 
I went next day to Burlington monthly- 
meeting, it was large and divinely favour- 
ed ; the doctrine of truth flowed forth 
freely, fliewiiag what it is to be a fellow- 
citizen with the faints and of the houfhold 
of faith. On third-day I had a laborious 
meeting at Ancocas, yet had ibnie good, 
open fervice towards the latter-end, which 
feemed to faiRn 0{i divers minds. I got to 



Philadelphia next day, and on fifth-day, 
the 8th of the 5th month, went to the mar- 
riage of John Pembei ton, and Hannah, the 
daughter of my worthy friends Ifaac and 
Sarah Zane. It was at the great meeting-houfe, 
being large, and there appeared too much 
defire and expedlation after words, which 
often hurts meetings and blocks up the 
way of minifters, which feemed the cafe 
now for a while; yet at length fome, I 
hope profitable labour was bellowed, from 
the words of our Lord, ** BlefTed are they 
" that hunger and thirft after righteouf- 
*' nefs." On firft-day, the nth of the 
5th month, I attended three large meet- 
ings in the city, in all which, I thought 
it my duty to fet an example of filence. 
Near the clofe of the evening meeting, it 
was ^ fweet refrefhing time; the thirfty foul 
had to drink of that river that maketh glad 
the whole city of God; in the enjoyment 
whereof, there was comfortable folacing 
reft from the painful labour of tlxat day, 
and full fatisfadlion, with thankfulnefs that 
I had been preferved in my place. I ftaid 
their week-day meeting on third-day, which 
was large ; the power and wiidom of truth 
opened deep counfel and doclrinc, pointing 
out the different ftates of profeifors in that 
city, that fome of the true wrefliing feed 
dare not choofe or contrive for themfelves, 
which way to be fed ; wluether immediately 
by the great Shepherd's own hand, or inltru- 


392 The JOURNAL of 

mentally by his fervants; and that there 
were many others anxioufly choofing to be 
fed with teftimonies and outward declarati- 
ons, which (late ought to befamifhed; alfo, 
that the time would come, when the word 
of the Lord, by way of miniftry, would be 
vei^ precious, and he would command the 
clouds to rain no rain upcm fuch ; that it 
was already a time of parching drought, 
becaufe of idolatry ; yet the LQ|-d would 
open fprings to the feed of Jacob, in the 
midft of the vallies, and in his own time 
bring them to Rehoboth. It was a great 
and good time, and the meeting was much 
affedled. 1 fet out next day for New-Eng- 
land, and had meetings in my way to Long- 
Ifland, at Byberry, Middletown, and Stony- 
brook, where my ojd companion Thomas 
Rofs, met me: my fervice was, very clofe 
and Searching at thefe meetings. Alas! how 
hath an indolent fpirit prevailed on the pro- 
feflbrs of truth ; a fmall remnant excepted, 
w^ho are preferved in moft places, to rejoice, 
in the deep painful labours, in great mercy 
yet continued to the churches. We, in 
company with feveral other friends pro- 
ceeded on our journey, in order to attend 
Flufhing yearly-meeting, on Long-Ifland 
for the government of New- York. On 
fifth-day, the 2 2d of the 5th month, we 
attended the monthly and quarterly-meet- 
ings of minifters and elders at Flufhing; 
in the latter I had comfortable open fervice, 



upon the blefGng pronounced by our gra-^ 
cious Redeemer to the poor in fpirlt, fhew- 
ing the necefllty and ufefulnefs of that (late ; 
and alfo fetting forth the effentlal qualifica- 
tions of a gofpel minifler. It was a bleP- 
fed time, and the upright-hearted were 
fweetly comforted. Next day was held the 
quarterly-meeting, which was fmall, and 
things, as to the life of religion, were felt 
to be very low ; a painful gloominefs hav- 
ing fpread itfelf, through a want of living 
concern in many of the members, and from 
fome prefuming to adl in the church, too 
much in their own will and wifdom; yet 
the Lord who waits to be gracious, afford- 
ed dod:rine and counfel fuitable to their 
ftates ; fliewing, there is one body and one 
fpirit, and that all the members who adl 
profitably, muft know a being baptized by 
that one fpirit into the one myftical body. 
I found great numbnefs in the meeting of 
bufinefs ; my fpirit was deeply baptized in- 
to fufiering therein, and conftrained to lay 
their condition before them by very clofe 
fearching obfervations, which appeared to 
take fome imprefTion, and my mind was 
much relieved thereby. On feventh-day 
morning the yearly-meeting of miniflers 
and elders was held, which was fmall, and 
the vital part of religion feemed to be mucli 
obflru6ted; fome clofe remarks were deli- 
vered, which aflx)rded confiderable relief: 
at eleven came on the firft public meeting 


394 The journal at 

for worfhip, the time of which was taken 
:up very unprofitably by an unlkilful ap- 
pearance; after which, the bufinefs was 
entered upon, and was a painful diftreffing 
time; the forward, bufy, adlive fpirit of 
man was let loofe in a few elderly perfbns, 
who had placed themf elves at the helm of 
government there, and who feemed to have 
got fuch an afcendancy over the meeting, 
as to bear down whatever appeared in the 
right line of tendernefs and truth's fimpli- 
city, when they did not fee fit to promote 
it. The attempt was to lay afide the ne- 
ceflary queries to be anfwered by inferior, 
to fuperior meetings ; I was favoured with 
a degree of wifdom and ftrength to with- 
ftand that fpirit, and to fhew the neceffity 
of proper queries, in order that the ftate 
of the fociety might be better underftood: 
how elfe could fuitable advice be admi- 
niftered ? But through the cowardice of 
many prefent, I was left to engage much 
alone ; yet have CAufe to believe, that the 
weapons given both in the meeting and 
afterwards in private conference, wounded 
that fpirit deeply, and gave honed friends 
a clearer fight of it than they had before. 
Things in the fucceeding meetings were 
managed with more harmony and peace, 
and the meetings for worihip were very 
large; wherein the everlafting gofpel ^vas 
preached with clearneis and demonflration : 
many were deeply affecled, and the great 



Author was humbly worfhipped and adored, 
who is worthy for ever! 

We went from Flufhing, and had a large, 
meeting at Cow-Neck, in which truth open- 
ed gofpel-docSrine largely, to the tendering 
of many hearts. Next day we had an 
exceeding large meeting at Weftbury: as 
there was general notice, abundance of 
people came from feveral parts of the illand^ 
io that there was near as larg-e a concourfe, 
as at the yearly-meeting; their expectations 
were much after words, but they had none 
from me, being fhut up in filence the whole 
time: the monthly-meeting of bufinefs was 
held at the clofe thereof. We had very large 
meetings afterwards, on this illand at Mati- 
nicock, Oyfter-Bay, Bethphage, and Seque- 
tague; and notwithftanding the low, lan- 
guid (late of the fociety, gofpel truths were 
largely delivered, and livingly opened iu 
them. We then travelled towards the eaft 
end of the ifland, on our way to Rhode- 
Ifland, and on third-day, the 3d of the 6th 
month, went on board a vefTel about eight 
o'clock in the morning, taking our horfes 
with us, and landed fafe at Gratten, oppo- 
fite to New London in the colony of Con- 
nefticut, about one o'clock the fame day. 
We got that night to our friend Peter 
Davis's, in Rhode-liland government, about 
twenty-two miles. We had a meeting next 
day at Wefterley, the governor of the pro- 
vince was at it and behaved kindly, in- 
E e e viti^g 

396 The JOURNAL of 

viting us to his houfe ; but it did not fuit 
VIS to go. 

Ill order to. fill up our time before the 
yearly-meeting, we had meetings at a new 
meeting- houfe near James Perry's, South 
Kingfton, Greenwich, Nefliantecut, and 
Providence; and though we found fome 
honeft travellers for Sion's profperity, yet, 
for the moft part, things, as to the hfe of 
religion, appeared mournfully low, indif- 
ferency prevailing in many, and divers 
undue liberties in others. I was much af- 
iiicled at fome of the meetings with the 
dark principles of deifm, and v/as favoured 
with ability to lay open the wickednefs and 
grofs abfurdity of fuch principles, warning 
friends and others to fliun the converfation 
of tliofe tindtured therewith, as thev would 
a poifonous ferpent. On fifth day, the 
42th of the 6th month, the yearly-meeting 
for New-England began at Portfmouth on 
Rhode-Ifland; this meeting was very large 
as to number; but, alas! it was a dark 
gloomy time of deep falfering: the glory 
and diadem of our religious afTemblies feems 
to be forrowfully removed from thefe people, 
and inflea^ of the meeting being covered 
therewith, it was overfpread with darknefs. 
Here I met our friend Thomas Gawthrop, 
who was upon his third vifit to friends in 
America; we both fat the whole meeting 
in filence. 



The meetings following, both for wor- 
fhip aitd difcipllne, were held at Newport, 
and continued till fecond day was over. 
The public meetings were exceeding ^arge, 
both friends, and abundance of other people 
attended moft of them ; it was fuppofed there 
were 2000 people. To thefe great aflemblies 
it pleafed the gracious fountain of all good, 
to open much gofpel do6trine in the de- 
monftration of the fpirit and with power, 
which appeared to be generally well re- 
ceived, and was to the great comfort and 
relief of thofe engaged therein ; but the 
meetings of minifiers and elders, and thofe 
for difcipline, were for the moil: part very 
heavy and diftreffing ; great w^eaknefs and 
want of living concern, were painfully felt 
therein; little of that divine wifdom which 
alone can build the houfe, was attended to, 
and formality prevailed. Ability was gra- 
cioufly afforded to ufe plainnefs of fpeech, 
endeavouring to make them fenfible of the 
lofs they had fuftained, by forfaking the 
fountain of living waters, and hewing to 
themfelves cifterns, broken cifterns, that 
would hold no water; yet we found a few 
fincere labourers amongfl them, whofe hands 
I hope were in fome degree ftrengthened ; 
but things in general werq very low. On 
third day we had a large fatisfa£lory meeting 
on Connanicut Ifland, to which many 
from Newport went; and next day we had 
a very large meeting at Newport, which 


398 The JOURNAL of 

was the laft we had there. In this meeting 
wifdoin and utterance were given to declare 
the truth to their feveral (tates, in much 
pl^in-dealing, endeavouring to fhew them 
from whence they had fallen, and how vain 
it was for them to imagine they were God's 
people in the ftate moll of them were then 
in: there was alfo encouragement to the 
few fincere-hearted. On fifth day we had 
a very large meeting at Portfmouth^ to 
which came great numbers from Newport^ 
It was a time of great darknefs and deep 
fufFering with the opprefTed feed : the young 
people are moflly gone into the air, and 
undue liberties ; and thofe more advanced 
(a few excepted) are gone into the earth ; 
having fo much to do in government affairs, 
many of them got into the ofEces, friendfliips, 
and parties, as well as into the profits of 
this world. Next day we went off the 
ifland, and had meetings in our way to 
Nantucket yearly-meeting, at Tiverton, 
Little-Compton, and Accoakefet. The two 
lafl were very large, efpecially Accoakefet ; the 
gofpel was largely and with good authority 
declared in them to much fatisfaftion and 
comfort, there being confiderable opennefs, 
many of other perfuafions attending. On 
fecond day, being their monthly-meeting 
at Aponiganfet, and notice having been given 
before of our intention of being at it, it 
was exceeding large, even like a great yearly- 
meeting; it was fuppofed there were zoqq 



people prefent. In this large aflembly the 
everl ailing gofpel was preached in the de- 
monftration of the fpirit, and with power ; 
wifdom being mercifully given to divide 
the word fuitably to the various ftates : the 
meeting appeared to be generally afFedled, 
and the minds of thofe engaged greatly re- 
lieved. Early next morning we embarked 
for Nantucket, in company with about 
twenty friends, and landed on the faid ifland 
about five o'clock in the afternoon of the 
fame day. On fixth day the yearly-meeting 
began, and was very large: a becoming 
plainnefs appeared in the general ; but, alas ! 
the life of religion was very much departed 
from by numbers in that once truly amiable 
place, fo much noted for a family of love. 
I went on the ifland as a ftranger to their 
prefent flate, though I had been there twice 
before, a witnefs of better times: much 
diflreffing anguifli was felt in this meeting, 
and for fome time I expe(5led the current 
of life would have been wholly obftrucSed; 
but at length, through divine mercy, truth 
arofe with gofpel authority, fetting forth 
what a great and wonderful manifeftation 
of evangelical light and truth fprung up in 
the laft century after a dark night of 
apoftafy and error; when the heavenly 
power being embraced, brought forth the 
nature and fpirit of religion; but endea- 
vours now are too often ufed to fupport the 
fame principles in a formal way, by the 


400 The JOURNAL of 

ftrengtli and wifdom of man; the Lord 
therefore will not own a people in that flate. 
Many things were delivered upon this fub- 
jecl with great dread, and I felt the Lord's 
power go forth as a fire amongft the briars 
and thorns ; many were ftruck with fadnefs 
and fear, and the everlafting name was 
exalted: Thomas Gawthrop was there 
alfo, and had good fervice. The meeting 
ended on fecond-day, much gofpel labour 
having been beftowed in the feveral fittings 
thereof. Notwithftanding the general ftate 
of friends on that ifland appeared truly 
deplorable, yet I believe a remnant are and 
will be preferved frefh and lively in religion. 
May their number increafe ! 

We left the ifland on third-day, the ift of 
the yth month, and landed that «?yening 
at SeconneiTet, on the continent, Vbeing 
about fifty in number. We had a fmall 
meeting on fifth-day, at a meeting-houfe 
near the place of our landing, and went 
forward to be at Sandwich quarterly- meet- 
ing. On fixth-day we went to their 
monthly- meeting, where was a burial of a 
friend that died fuddenly. There were 
many Prefbyterians prefent: the gofpel 
power arofe with confiderable ftrength and 
clearnefs, with the words of the apoflle: 
** Give diligence to make your calling and 
*' eleftion fure ;" with remarks on the 
great importance of the work, how necef- 
fary to be alTured of its going forward, and 



that a certainty thereof may be obtained, 
by the fpirit of God bearing witnefs with 
our fpirit, according to the apoftolic tefti- 
mony. This exhortation contradiifbs the 
dark opinion of abfoKite and unconditional 
ele(5lion and reprobation; feeing this preffing 
advice to make it fure, imphes fomething 
to be done on man's part, which . may be 
omitted, and he thereby may mifs the elec- 
tion of God's grace; whereas, according to 
that, the elecflion is made fo certain, even 
from the foiijidation of the world, by an 
immutable decree, that all man's endeavours 
will make no alteration, feeing one cannot 
poiTibly be added to the number of the 
eledl, nor one diminifhed: the great ab- 
furdity of this dodlrine was expofed, fhew- 
iag how it reflected much diilionour on in- 
finite mercy and goodnefs ; and fome of their 
ftrongeft arguments in favour of that doc- 
trine were anfwered. 

I was alfo opened upon infant-baptifm^ 
fo called, fetting forth how unreafonable it 
is to uphold types, figns, and fliadows, un- 
lefs we expe6l another and higher dif- 
penfation: that types always pointed to the 
anti-type or fubftance, and feeing mod ac- 
knowledge the fubftance is come, how weak 
to keep up the fign. It was a good time, 
for truth was exalted and the meeting pretty 
generally affefted ; and although thefe dif- 
putable points were clofely handled, yet 
tb^re was no oppofirion, nor the leail dif- 


402 The JOURNAL of 

guft appeared. On feventh-day the quar- 
terly-meeting was held, in which we had 
foine, I hope profitable fervice, in a clofe, 
fearching way; things appeared very low, 
yet there were fome fincere, honeft labour- 
ers. We went after meeting about twenty 
miles to Plymouth, where it is faid the 
iirll colony of Englifli landed and fettled. 
The next day, being the firft of the week, 
we went to Pembroke meeting, which was 
but fmall of friends, but a pretty many of 
other focieties came in, cc»iifidering the 
fhort notice ; the truths of the gofpel were 
largely delivered amongft them, which 
feemed to be well and kindly received. We 
fet out after meeting, intending to pafs 
through Bofton, and as far to theeaftward 
as we propofed to vifit friends, leaving no- 
tice as we went, at the feveral meetings, to 
take ythem in our return. We had very 
large meetings at Cachechy, and Dover; 
and although we found but little living 
concern amongft friends, yet the blefTed 
truth favoured and opened the way for much 
gofpel labour fuited to their ftates, in order 
to revive ancient zeal and ardour. The wea- 
ther was extremely hot and the meetings 
crouded, fo that at times it feemed as if I 
Ihouid have been overcome, and faint; but 
by divine favour, I was mercifully carried 
through, to a confiderable degree of fatis- 
fadllon and peace. We returned to their 
quarterly-meeting at Hampton, which be- 


gan for minlfters and elders, on feventh- 
day, third hour, the 12th of the 7th month; 
we were forrowfully affecfled to find fo little 
of a living concern amongft the leaders of 
the people; Next day, being the firft of 
the week, we had two large meetings, com- 
pofed of friends and others : a religious la- 
bour for heavenly bread feemed almoft loft, 
even amongft thofe advanced in age and pro- 
feflion of the truth ; yet in marvellous con- 
defcenfion, the gofpel power and life fprung 
up and extended to their various ftates, with 
great ftrength and clearnefs, even as a flame 
of fire againft the wood, hay, and ftubble; 
Ihewing, what a great and glorious thing 
Chriftianity is; how complete victory and 
dominion may be obtained by it over fin; 
and the foul of man be endued with fublime 
virtues : but to view the notion of Chrifti- 
anity people in general appear now to be 
contented with, it would feem as if little 
real religion remained on the earth. In the 
afternoon I was led to fet forth, that there 
is one body, one Ipirit, one Lord, one faith, 
and one baptifm ; that by this only people 
come to be truly initiated, being buried with 
Chrift by his faving baptifm into his death; 
and thereby wltnefling with the apoftle, the 
meafure of the fufferings of Chrift which 
are yet behind^ fulfilled in us ; if fo be that 
we fuifer with him,^- that we alfo may be 
glorified together: t'he deep myftery of 
man's redemption through Chrift, was 
F f f largely 

404 r^^^ JOURNAL of 

largely opened^ it being a time of great fa*- 
your, and the people were generally afFedled. 
Next day forenoon was held their meeting 
of bufinefs; but as the power of truth, the- 
main fpring of action in the weighty affairs 
of the church, appeared to me Ibrrowfully 
wanting, little could be done to good pur- 
pofe; fome clofe remarks were made upon 
the declining date of that meeting, whereii> 
we had very little comfort or fatisfadlion. 
In the afternoon we had a very large con- 
cluding meeting, wherein Chrift was freely 
fet forth as the true light, that enlightens 
every man that cometh into the world; 
that as the light of the outward fun is necef- 
fary for tranfacling the affairs of this life, 
fo the light of the Sun of righteoufnefs is no 
lefs neceffary to fliew us how to perform 
the great work of our foul's falvation : it 
was a good time. We then had meetings 
at Aimfbury, Newbury, Salem, Lynn, and 
Bofton. Ak Lynn in the afternoon, being 
firft-day, I found it my place to fet an ex- 
ample of filence; at the other meetings I 
was largely opened in the fervice of the 
gofpel, to good fatisfadion and comfort. 
From Bofton we travelled to Dighton, and 
dined on the way at Taunton. Our guide 
being acquainted with a fliop-keeper in that 
town, we were invited to dine wdth him: 
after dinner we entered upon much rcafon- 
ing about religious principles, and a clofe 
difpute enfued. I was, through divine af- 



fiftance, enabled to Hand my ground there- 
in, and to maintain our principles, to the 
comfort and fatisfad:ion of my own mind, 
and I believe in a good degree to his ; who 
I unfterftood had been accounted a very zea- 
lous Prelbyterian, and had entertained an 
unfavourable opinion of our principles : he 
confeffed they never had been cleared up fo 
much to his fatisfadlion before, and feerned to 
be a good deal affe<?ted ; we parted in love 
and friendftiip. We then had meetings at 
Free- town, Long-plain, Rochefter, and 
Akufhnet; in thefe we found things very 
low and languid, as appeared generally the 
cafe in New-England; our ibciety, like 
others, having too much dwindled into form 
aind profeflion. The laft meeting was very 
large, but my way was quite fhut up as to 
miniftryj had in the others clofe fearching 
fervice. On firft-day, the 27th of the 7th 
month, we had a very large meeting at 
Swanzey, to which came friends from many 
pafts, fome even from Newport; the power 
of the everlafting gofpel arofe in this large 
aflTembly ; wifdom and utterance were given 
to declare the truth very largely, from thefe 
words, *' To know thee the only true God,^ 
*' and Jefus Chrift whom thou haft fent, is 
*' life eternal." The meeting was much 
affedled; the Lord's heart-melting goodneis 
was fweetly enjoyed by a remnant. Next 
day we had a large meeting at Smithfield ; 
the nature of true reli^^ion, from the apof- 


4o6 The JOURNAL of 

tie James's definition of it, was copioufly 
treated of in this meeting : it was a favoured 
time, and the meeting was generally af- 
fedled. On third-day we had a meeting at 
Wainfoket, great numbers of loofe, liber- 
tine people came, who, I fuppofe, rarely 
attended any place of worlhip; fuch came 
rather out of curiofity, expedling fome- 
thing; and indeed thole, for the moft part, 
who profefs with us there, feem as if they 
knew little of the nature and importance 
of religious worfhip ; but it was my duty 
in this large meeting, to fit in filence. 
Next day we had a very large meeting at 
Mendam, to which came many of our pro- 
feflion, and a great number of fuch as be- 
ing diflatisfied with the eflablifhed worfhip, 
and an hireling miniftry, had feparated and 
held meetings in one another's houfes, hav- 
ing fuch as thought it their duty to preach 
freely amongft them: to this meeting the 
gofpel was largely preached, which Teemed 
to have ia. general reach. After meeting came 
a predeflinarian, and a young man, a preach- 
er among thofe " feparatills t>efore-men- 
tioned, who are quite averfe to that dark 
opinion: thefe two, it feems, had been en- 
gaged * in a difpute in the meeting-houie 
^vhen' all were gone, upon fomc points of 
doctrine delivered that day concerning ori- 
ginal fin and the opinion before- mention- 
ed; and as they could not fettle the points, 
at length they agreed to come to my quar- 


ters, to alk me a few fbber qiicfllons, by 
way of further explanation of fome things 
delivered. When they informed me of the 
reafon of their coming, I told them I was 
very willing to aiford them all the fatisfac- 
tion In my power, but was not very fond 
of difputes, which feldom tended much to 
edification as they were generally managed. 
The old man fignified he had no intention of 
entering into any difputes ; however, one 
thing brought on anothei:, till we got very 
clofely engaged : the young mxan, the preach- 
er, was on my fide, and, I think, had as 
remarkable a memory in the fcriptures as I 
ever knew, and was favoured with a confi- 
derable underflanding in the myftery of 
them. The poor old man, though I fup- 
pofe as well furnifhed as moft upon fuch 
a bad fubjecft, was entirely vanquiflied and 
confounded to that degree, that his fpirits 
appeared to be iiink with forrow, becaufe 
he could not fupport his principles better. 
The young man and I, with other friends, 
withdrew into another room, and had a 
religious conference, particularly upon the 
nature of gofpel-miniftry and worlliip; he 
appeared to be much enlightened and not 
fsir from the kingdom; but I fear he had 
entered into the miniftry too fbon. This 
opportunity afforded my mind a good deal 
of fatisfadion. I found many of thofe high 
profefTors in New-England, in rather an 
unfettled ftate, fond of flocking to our 


4o8 The JOURNAL oi 

meetings, and they feemed to hear the doc- 
trinef of truth with fatisfacflion, and there 
was great opennefs amongft them in many 
places. But what forrowfully afFedled my 
mind was, that there is fo Uttle of the life 
of religion held up as a ftandard to thofe, 
by our fociety in thofe parts ; yet I believe 
there will be a gathering to Shiloh, in the 
New-England colonies. The difference ap- 
pears very great in their efteem and regard 
to our friends, to what it was formerly, 
though perhaps that in part may be owing 
to many in our fociety being more like 
them, than our friends were in early. times; 
yet I believe the cafe is otherwife with 
many, and that it arifes from their good 
opinion of moft of our principles. 

On fifth-day, the 31ft of the 7th month, 
we fet out, accompanied by two guides, 
through the back parts of Connecticut, to- 
wards the Oblong in the government of New- 
York, being about 140 miles through a 
Prefbyterian country ; they generally carried 
themfelves civilly, and we had fome religious 
conferences to good fatisfadlion. The wea- 
ther was very hot, and the roads ftony, rough 
and mountainous, and the entertainment 
but mean in many places, fo that the jour- 
ney was attended with fatigue to our bodies 
and horfes. We went to New-Milford 
meeting on firft-day, the 3d of the 8th 
month ; I had nothing to offer by way of 
miniftry, yet in Hill quiet waiting, I was 



favoured therein with the flrft clear fatis- 
facftory glance of my being at liberty, to- 
wards the latter end of this year, to return 
home, which I fully believed, but kept it 
to myfelf. After meeting we afcended to 
the Oblong, and a long afcent it was, of 
near a mile to the fummit of that cal- 
led Quaker-Hill; the weather being ex- 
tremely hot, I feared it would have killed 
my horfe, and I was not able to relieve him 
by walking. On third-day we had a very 
large meeting at a commodious houfe built 
by friends on that hill ; they who attend- 
ed were generally profelTors of the truth 
as held by us, and moftly plain and becom- 
ing in their outward garb ; yet, alas! when 
they came to be viewed in the true light, 
they appeared dry and formal ; many, I fear, 
having clothed corrupted nature with a 
form of religion, and in a plain drefs fit in 
their religious meetings like dead images. 
After a time of deep fuffering in fpirit 
with the opprefled feed, the word was given 
with good authority, and went forth like 
a flame of fire, againft the wood, hay, and 
ftubble, to the roufing, I believe, and awa- 
kening of many for the prefent. The con- 
dition of man in the tranfgreffion as fet 
forth by the infpired writers, that he is in 
a ftate of enmity to, and feparation from 
God, confequently, he muft experience a 
very great change, before he can be accept- 
able ca his Maker: the way was opened, 


4io The JOURNAL or 

fhewing how this change v/as to be eS'cAcd^ 
and that the operation necelTary thereunto, 
makes indelible imprelTions on the minds 
of all who are fo happy as to experience 
the fan^e, that none can be true Chriftians 
without it : truth had great dominion that 
day. We had a very large meeting next day 
at the Nine Partners, and had clofe fervice 
therein. Next day we had a very painful 
afflidling meeting at Ofwego ; I was quite a 
llranger to them, and did not know by any 
outward information, that they had any one 
who iifually appeared in public among 
them; yet my mind was ftrongly imprelTed 
with a feniQ^ that the meeting Iiad been 
nivich hurt by a wrong miniftry, and for 
that reafon chiefly, my mouth was Ihut up 
there in that refpecfl: it feemed as if the 
very perfon was ihewn to me in the meet- 
ing, though I had never feen him before 
that I know of; but I found afterwards, it 
was a true fenfe, and I told friends in his 
hearing, how things appeared to me in that 
meeting, which feemed to ftrike him, and 
he draggled a little, but I left it upon him: 
may the great and gracious helper of hi$ 
neople, have the praife of his own works, 
faith my foul, now and for evermore! On 
firft-day, the loth of the 8th month, we 
were at the Oblong meeting again ; my 
travail the whole meeting was in fuffering 
filence. From hence, in our way to New- 
Yorkj we had the following meetings, viz. 



Peach-Pond, North-Caflle, the monthly- 
meeting at the Purchafe, Momarineck, and 
WefL-Chefter; at moft of which, the gof- 
pel power was largely manifeited, by open- 
ing dodlrine and counfel, in a clofe, fearch- 
ing manner, to the various dates of the 
people. On firfl-day, the 17th of the 8th 
mionth, we were at two meetings in the 
city of New-York; in the morning I was 
filent; in the afternoon, truth opened the 
way to public fervice, fhewing the beau- 
tiful order and economy of human life; 
all feeking for fome manlion, poffeiiion, or 
fettlement, and agreeable to the laws of pru- 
dence and juftice, endeavouring to increafe 
their ftore, that they may have fomething 
of their own againft the time of need: if 
prudence requires to provide the necefTaries 
for this fiiort and uncertain life, how much 
more incumbent is it upon us, in regard 
to the immortal part: and that our eyes 
fhould be turned to view the order, har- 
mony, and beauty of the new creation, and 
to feek an inheritance in the holy city ? 
It was a blefTed time, and many hearts were 
tendered. I had a good deal of fktisfacffcion 
among friends in that city, and hope there 
is a growth in the bed things experierKed 
by divers. On fecond-day we crojQTed the 
Bay, and Staten-Iiland ; ferried from thence 
at Elizabeth-tov/n Point, and v^rent to 
Rahway. On third and fourth-day we w^ent 
to the quarterly and monthly-meetings at 
AVoodbridge ; was enabled to labour largely 
G g g in 

412 The JOURNAL of 

in a fearching way, with much plainnefs 
and gofpel authority, for their help and 
recovery from a weak, languid, uncon- 
cerned ftate ; yet we found fome folid, valu- 
able friends amongft them. From thence 
we proceeded on our way to my compani- 
on's houfe in Pennfylvania, and had large 
meetings at Plainfield and Kingwood, 
wherein the gofpel was preached with great 
opennefs, to good fatisfaftion. On feventh- 
day evening, the 23d of the 8th month, 
having crolTed Delaware at Howell's-Ferry, 
we got to my companion's houfe, and at- 
tended two meetings at Wright's-Town, 
where he belongs ; the next day there was 
a eonfiderable number of profeffors, but 
fpiritual idlenefs was felt forrowfully to 
have prevailed over too many, craving to 
be fed with w^ords ; I found it my duty to 
be lilent at both the meetings. Having 
taken a very great cold after fome of the late 
large and hot meetings, I w^as much indif- 
pofed, and ftaid at my companion's till fifth- 
day, and then w^nt to the quarterlyrmeet- 
ing for the county of Bucks, held at the 
Falls, which was exceeding large: truth 
greatly favoured that meeting, in opening 
dodtrine and counfel, for the help, reproof, 
and encouragement of many, beginning 
with thefe words, // is efpecially ijuorthy to 
he noted^ that the infpired %vnters^ both in 
relating their oivn experience^ and in ad^ 
minijiering advice and counfel to others^ 
on a religious account^ lay the ivhole Jlrefs 



of religion upon the inivard^ faving^ and 
fpiritiial knoiv ledge of God: it was k great 
time, and many hearts were tendered. The 
youth's meeting was held next day at Brif- 
tol ; it was a low, poor time, and I had 
nothing to offer by way of miniftry. -On 
firft-day, the 31ft ot the 8th month, I 
went to Makefield meeting, it was an exer- 
cifing time; a carelefs, earthly fpirit was 
felt to be very prevalent ; I had fome fer- 
vice there, in a very clofe, fearching man- 
ner. In the afternoon I had a very large 
meeting at John Beaumont's, wherein much 
gofpel dodrine flowed to the people, upon 
the nature of felf-denial and bearing the 
yoke of Chrift ; many, not of our ibciety, 
were prefent and pretty much affected; it 
was a favoured time. Next day I went to 
Buckingham monthly-meeting, which was 
very large, a nvimerous body of friends 
living in thofe parts ; I had great opennefs 
for public fervice therein, ihewing, that 
the promifes of God in him, are yea and 
amen for ever ; yet we are not entitled to 
them but upon certain conditions, that is,^ 
being in thofe ftates to which they are ap- 
plied. It was a great and good time, truth 
being exalted. On third-day I had a large 
fleeting at Plumftead, many attending from 
Buckingham and other places. The word 
was given with authority and clearnefs, to 
declare to this numerous auditory, upon 
the nature of true religion and worfliip, 
iUewing, that it principally confided in aa 


414 The JOURNAL of 

inward exercife of the foul towards God, 
and efpecially depended on a Ipiritual ac- 
quaintance with him ; it was a highly fa- 
voured time, and many hearts were tender- 
ed. For ibme time paft I had been indif^ 
pofed, being, through the extremity of the 
heat, much afflidlcd with a ralh, called the 
prickly heat ; and having taken a great cold, 
my afthmatic diforder was much increafed ; 
yet, through merciful help iupporting foul 
and body in the great work to v^hich I was 
called, I was enabled to proceed on my 
j-ourney, having a ftrong defire to vilit fome 
meetings in the back parts of Bucks, Phi- 
ladelphia, and Cheftcr counties, before the 
approaching yearly- meeting for Pennfylvania 
and the Jerfeys, to be held in Philadelphia 
towards the latter end of the 9th month: 
apprehending if I could accomplilh that, 
I fliould have little to do after, except on the 
eaftern fliore of Maryland and in the lower 
counties upon Delaware. Here my valu- 
able friend Zebulon Hefton, joined me for 
a companion to the back parts. We tra- 
velled next day to Richland, and the day 
following had a large meeting there, moftly 
confiRirg of thofe under our name: great 
lukcwarmnefs and want' of, a living con- 
cern was felt ; yet it pleafed divine gocd- 
nefs to favour v/ith ability to labour in the 
gofpel v/ith plainnefs, in a very awakening 
manner, which feemed to have ibme ten- 
dering cfFecl in the general, at Jeafl for the 
prefent. We travelled next day to Oley, 



alias Exeter^ and went to their meeting on 
iirll-day, the 7th of the 9th month ; they 
appeared to me moftly ignorant of the im- 
portance of that worfliip and fervice which 
they pretended to meet about, and as if the 
chief waiting was to hear what the poor 
fervants had to fay : they w^ere difappointed 
in refpe(5l to me, finding it my place 
to fit the whole meeting in filence. We after- 
wards went toMaiden-Creek, and had a large 
meeting there the next day. I believe there 
were fome valuable friends, but many ap- 
peared in a ftate of indolence as to reli- 
gion, looking for words ; there was a con- 
fiderable fpace of filence; at length, truth 
arofe and obtained dominion, and the gof- 
pel was freely preached; Ihewing the na-- 
ture of the work of man's falvation by 
Chrift, and the great danger of a negleft- 
thereof. On third- day we had a meeting 
in Reading Court-Houfe, to which many 
came, not of our fociety, being moftly Ger- 
mans, who behaved in a folid, becoming 
manner; the word of the gofpel was given, 
and ability to declare it w ith good autho- 
rity and clearnefs for a confiderable time, 
to the tendering of many hearts. Next 
day we crofled Schuylkill, and had meetings 
at the Foreft, Nantmill, Providence, and 
Pikeland, in all which, ability was given 
to labour in the gofpel, for the ftirring up 
profeffors to a more lively fenfe of religion, 
which indeed was felt to be at a low ebb 
amojagft them, as iu many othex* places; 


4i6 The JOURNAL of 

fvich caufes there are of mournful com- 
plaints, where people go no deeper into reli- 
gion than what comes by education or out- 
ward conformity: many in thefe parts have 
entered into the outward poiTeffions and 
profeffion of their worthy ancefliors, at a 
very eafy rate; yet the Lord, in great mercy, 
is caviling his trumpets to found very loud, 
to awaken fuch to a fenfe of the^r danger. 
On firft-day, the 14th of the 9th month, 
we went to Uwchlan, which was a very 
large meeting of itfelf, and friends came to 
it from moft of the adjacent meecings; the 
fore part was a time of deep travail and 
{ilent labour, in a painful fenle that many 
prefent were at eafe in a bare profeffion of 
the truth; at length the worcl was given 
with confiderable weight and gofpel autho- 
rity, {hewing what a powerful efficacious 
thing Chriftianity was, when it made its 
firfl entrance into the world, and fo con- 
tinued for a confiderable time, mightily 
prevaiUng by its own force and efficacy, 
againft all oppofition and worldly intereft, 
until the world fmiled upon its profeffi^rs: 
it then fpread as to the name, but gradual- 
ly lofing the power and life, many difor- 
ders, great corruptions, and defolating con- 
tentions about trifles, got in. Clole ap- 
plication was made to the ftates of the 
inhabitants of this highly favoured pro- 
vince, earnefUy preffing the auditory to 
feek after the fubftance of religion. The 
afternoon meeting wa§ folid and comfort- 


able in filence. On third-day we had a large 
meeting at Eaft-Cahi, in which I had tho- 
rough fervice, to good fatisfadlion ; and next 
day we had a very large meeting at Brad- 
ford, in the Forks of Brandy-wine ; things 
were felt to be much out of order, and re- 
ligion to be at a very low ebb amongft 
them, yet, through infinite condefcenfion, 
golpel authority was given, with much 
clearnefs in doclrine, fhewing, that in order 
to pofTefs a valuable religion, man fliould be 
feelingly and experimentally convinced, 
that in matters of religion, he mufl wholly 
refign his v^ill to God, and give him- 
felf up to be guided by a fupernatural prin- 
ciple; until then, he cannot fay, with ac- 
ceptance to his Maker, " Thy will be done 
*' in earth, as it is done in heaven." It 
was, through divine mercy, a highly-fa- 
voured baptizing time, and the blelTed truth 
was in dominion over hard, unmortified 
fpirits. I went home from hence with my 
brother-in-law, Micajah Speakman, to Con- 
cord, where I refted quietly three days, 
after long fatigue of travelling and hard 
labour ; yet all was made eafy through the 
efficacy of that heavenly power which mer- 
cifully attended from place to place, filling 
my foul, at times, with true contentment 
and perfedl refignation to the Lord's will, 
either to do or fuflfer; in which happy flate, 
my peace flowed as a river, On firft-day, 
the 2 1 ft of the 9th month, I went to Mid- 
dle-town meeting, but had no public fer- 

4i8 The JOURNAL o? 

vice therein. I went on fecond-day to 
Philadelphia, attended their week-day meet- 
ing next day, and on fifth-day I v/ent to 
Haddonfield, in Weft-Jerfey, to the burial 
of Thomas Redman, a public friend in 
good efteem, who formerly told me he was 
lirft reached or convinced through my 
miniftry, in the Bank-meeting at Philadel- 
phia, about thirty years ago: the meeting 
was very large, conlifting both of friends 
and thole of other focieties, a prieit and 
his family being there; the truths of the 
gofpel were largely declared, with clearnefs 
and good demonftration ; the auditory being 
very folid and attentive, truth had good 
dominion to the comfort of many. In the 
afternoon was held their quarterly- meeting 
of minifters and elders ; it was a low time. 
Next day was held their quarterly-meeting, 
which was very large; there feemed to be 
great expedlations and looking out after 
words, as is forrowfully the cafe with many 
in thefe parts, efpecially if the poor inftru- 
ment had been favoured before, and it 
pleafed them : this fometimes tends to de- 
prive them of that which they fo anxioufly 
ieek after, which I believe was now the 
cafe, for I was quite fhut up as to public 
fervice, but had fome good fervice in the 
meeting of bufinefs. On feventh-day, the 
^yth of the 9th month, I went to the year- 
ly-meeting of minifters and elders at Phi- 
ladelphia, for Pennfylvanla and the Jerfeys ; 
it was large, I had fome fervice therein, 



nnd infoniied fiiends that I expedled liber- 
ty to return home that Fall, requejfting a 
few lines by way of certificate, to my 
friends in England, according to the good 
order ufed amongft vis; this was the only 
one I requefted on the continent of Ame- 
rica, yet friends, of their own accord, fent 
certificates front moft or all the parts I 
•viiited. A certificate ^vas readily granted^ 
and figned by a great number of minifters 
and elders, teftifying theit unity with my 
gofpel labours and condudl while among 
them. I diligently attended the feveral 
fittings of this yearly-meeting, both for 
worfhip and difcipline, and had fome 
weighty fervice in them. On firft-day, 
the 5th of the loth month, 1 went to Fair- 
hill meeting, and returned to the evening 
meeting in the city. On third-day, the 
7th of the loth month, I fet out in order 
to attend the yearly-meeting on the eallern 
fliore of Maryland, being accompanied by 
Samuel Eaftburn; we had meetings in our 
•way at George's-Creek, and the head of 
Saffafras ; truth made way for clofe, weigh- 
ty fervice, to the ftates of thofe prefent. 
We went, the iith of the loth month, to a 
fmall poor meeting for minifters and el- 
ders, at Cecil, in Maryland; and next day 
being the firft of the week, the yearly- 
meeting began there, to which came many 
people of divers forts, moft of whom feem- 
ed loofe, and void of a foliJ, religious con- 
cern. Death and darknefs were felt to r^lga 

H h h aix 

420 The JOURNAL or 

in tlie general, yet the gofpel power, iu 
great mercy, broke through, and opened 
fuitable dodrine to their ftates, Ihewing the 
general confent of all ages and nations, to 
that of the immortality of the foul and 
tiuure rewards and punifliments ; and al- 
though the profeflbrs of Chriftianity were 
favoured with more clear apprehenfions 
thereof, than others, yet numbers of them 
live as if they had no fuch belief, or, as if 
they did not look upon themfelves to be ac-? 
countable creatures. The fucceeding meet-^ 
ings, both for worfhip and difcipline, were^ 
I hope, through divine aififtance, profitable 
to many. The yearly-meeting at Chop- 
tank began on feventh-day, the i8th of 
the I oth month, and ended on fourth-day 
afternoon ; many of the meetings were 
very large, and the truths of the gofpel 
povv'erfully declared in them, and the ever- 
lading unchangeable truth was exalted over 
all of a contrary nature to itfelf : this year- 
ly-meeting afforded great relief and fatif- 
faftlon to my mind. Wc fet out on fifth- 
day, in order to attend the yearly-meeting 
to be held at Little-Creek, in Kent-Coun- 
ty, on Delaware; the meeting began on 
iirft-day, the 26th of i oth month, and held 
two days; I had very open fervice therein. 
After this meeting I found myfelf at liberty 
to feek a proper opportunity to return to 
my native latid and outward habitation, 
and io went f'^om hence directly toward 
Pliil:V:!clpHa ; 1 attended their monthly and 



qviarterly-meetlng there, wherein I had 
good open fervice. By inqiuriug, I found 
k vefTel bound for London, the captain in- 
tending to fail about the middle of the i ith 
month. I went on board, accompanied by 
divers friends; we fat a while in the cabin, 
in a folemn filence; my mind was deeply 
engaged to be rightly direcfled; and finding, 
as I thought, rather a freedom to go in 
that Ihip, 1 therefore fignified to the cap- 
tain and the owners, that I intended to em- 
bark in her, which they appeared to be well 
pleafed with. I then went to Chefter- 
County, to take leave of my relations and 
friends, and to attend the quarterly-meet- 
ing at Concord; which I did, and had large 
open fervice in the feveral meetings, to great 
Hitisfaclion and comfort. On third-day I 
went to a large meeting at Chefter; death 
and darknefs feemed to reign the whole 
rime, fo that I had no power to move, as to 
ininiftry. I got to Philadelphia next morn- 
ing, the lliip being to fail from thence the 
next day. On fixth-day, about nine o'clock, 
I took a folemn leave of fundry valuable 
friends in the city, and fet out for Chefter 
to meet the fhip ; many friends from thence 
and Derby, accompanying me thither; 
where, after dinner, in near affecTtion we 
took leave, never ^xpedling to fee each other 
again. I then embarked on board the Ihip 
Phebe, Capt. Mungo Davifbn; we got under 
fail about two o'clock next morning, and 
on .firll-dayj the 16th of the luh month. 

412, The JOURNAL o? 

about four o'clock in the afternoon, we got 
to fea. 

I find this remark amongfl: my memo- 
randurns, written, I fuppofe, after I had been 
fome time at fea, viz. '' It is fit to be re- 
membered, in humble and awful acknow- 
ledgment, that the Lord has been with me 
ever iince I came on board this ihip, in love 
and mercy unfpeakable, caufing fweet peace 
to flow as a river in my foul, fo as to make 
me forget all my former anguilli. For the 
former things are all palTed away, fo that, 
through infinite condefcending love, I have 
learned to fing the fong of Mofes and the 
fong of the Lamb, and -even upon the 
migh"^- foaming unflable ocean, to fpeak in 
myfelf in pfalms, and hymns, and fpiritual 
fongs, making melody in my heart to the 
Lord, who hath been pleafed to preferve 
me through many, qh ! very many heights 
and depths; heights in my fervice and 
affedions of my friends and others, I hope 
from being lifted up or exalted above mea- 
fure, by the revelation I have been favoured 
with; and through the deep baptifms I have 
experienced, in fympathy with the preci- 
ous depreffed feed, borne down and prefTed 
by the fins of mankind, as a cart is prelTed 
with fheaves ; the Lord enabling me to be re- 
lignedly contented in that flate : whether in 
fuffering or rejoicing, filence or words, he 
mercifully gave me this fupport by the 
power of his own fpirit, and now is lb 
gracious, as to reward my mind with fwc£t 



peace foF abiding in that ftation v/herein 
he alone preferved me. I v/as, through 
unfpeakable kindnefs, when I fat dov/n ir^ 
a meeting, m.oftly enabled to fay, ** Tiiy 
will be done, whether in making nib 
of me as thy inftrument to found an alarm 
to the people, or to fet them an example 
of lilent waiting upon thee.'^ What iliall 
I fay or return to the Loid of everlaftirig 
loving-kind nefs for preiervation, by fea and 
by land, in many perils ; I am at a lofs for 
expreifions to fet forth his bountiful good- 
nefs, and the greatnefs of his love and 
mercy to thofe who truft in him. I there- 
fore humbly defire with lilent reverence, 
or otherwife as ability is afiorded, to mag- 
nify, worfliip, and adore him, who is glo- 
rious in holinefsj and fearful in praife, 
working wonders, who alone is worthy 
now and evennore ! Amen." 

We had a ftrong new ihip which had 
been at fea but one voyage before ; Ihe was 
very tight in the river and bay, but we had 
not been a week at fea before flie fprung a leak 
to that degree, as to require much labou? 
to clear her of water. This feemed to afFedl 
the captain and the paflengers pretty much, 
not knowing but tlie leak would increafe, 
and we being but poorly manured, the cap- 
tain having been deceived in fome whom 
he had taken in for -^CH^'d hands, proving of 
little ufe, nay, one of them rather a bur- 
den. In this gloomy time, through mer- 
ciful help, I found a bjelled fupport to my 


424 The JOURNAL of 

mind, in humble confidence, that he who 
is Lord of all (in whofe counfel I appre- 
hended I was there) would condudl me fafe 
to my outward habitation ;• yet I was ibrry 
for fuch an addition of work to the failors, 
as we were obliged to keep one hand at leaft- 
at the pump night and day all the paflage, 
which was flormy and rough, and very un- 
pleafant to the body. The captain and paf- 
fengers were very civil and obhging to me. 
It w^as the 1 9th of the 1 2th month, before 
we found ourfelves in foundings on the 
EngliHi coaft. After we had failed a con- 
fiderable way up the Channel, the wind 
came a-head of us, fo that we beat about 
therein for feveral days, and were once in 
great danger of being fhip wrecked upon 
the Ifland of Alderney. On the 25th of 
the 1 2th month, in the evening, we put 
into the fafe port of Dartmouth. I then re- 
folved to leave the ihip, being about 230 
miles from home, where I arrived the laft 
day of the year, 1766, having been upon 
this journey one year and a half, lacking a 
few days. I underftood it was fix or fcvGn 
weeks before the Ihip arrived at London^ 
after I left her. 

As I have already far exceeded in large- 
nefs, what I intended to leave behind me 
in the way of Journal, fo I muft forbear 
adding much more; yet may jull hint, that 
in the year 1768, I went to the- quarterly- 
meetings of York, Kendal, and Lancafter, 
I had divers other meetings in the North, 

and J 


and^ accompanied by my worthy friend 
Samuel Fothergill, had feveral meetings 
in North Wales, in town-halls, where none 
under our name refided. I pafTed afterwards 
through a part of England, into South 
Wales, and fo to Briftol; from thence I 
returned home ; having paffed through, ia 
England and Wales, abou.t twenty-five 
counties, and attended fixty-three meet- 
ings, and travelled about 1016 miles. 

In the 4th month, 1770, I fet out, ac- 
companied by my wife, intending to be at 
the circular yearly-meeting, to be held this 
year at Ormikirk, in Lancajfliire. We were 
at Manchefler meetings on firft-day, and 
attended a very large monthly-meeting on 
the fecond-day following, at Warrington. 
Truth and its teftimony was exalted, and had 
great dominion therein over libertine fpi- 
rits, to the joy of the upright in heart. 
The yearly-meeting before mentioned be- 
gan the 17th of the fame month, and held 
three days: there was a very convenient 
booth ere6led for the purpofe, which, it 
was thought, wovild accommodate 2000 
people ; yet it was not fufEcient to contain 
the numbers who came, fo that other meet- 
ings were held out in the open air at the 
fame time. The people in general behaved 
with civility and refpeft; there was con- 
fiderable opcnnefs, and the meetings were 
well conducted. We returned from thence 
homewards, taking Warrington meeting on 
firft-day: the journey was very fatisfaftory, 
the whole beiug about 48 8 miles. 

^4^6 TheJOUHNAL &c. 

In the year 1772, I went, in coriipaity 
^vith my friends Sarah and Deborah Morns 
of Philadelphia, to the yearly-meeting at 
Briildl ; it was large and divinely favovired. 
I attended, this year, four other yearly-meet- 
ings, to very good fatisfacftion and comfort, 
viz. London, Colchcfter, Woodbridge, and 
Norwich, accompanied by my wife to the 
laft four, as well as by the two friends 
before- mentioned, who were in this na- 
tion upon a religious vifit. 

Being now in the fixtieth year of m^^ 
age, and having laboured twelve or four- 
teen years, at times, pretty much under 
an afthmatic complaint, which has caufed 
ariding to be frequently painful to the body^ 
which difficulty age is likely to increafe, 
1 expect therefore, travelling of any con- 
fiderable journies will of courfe ceafe^ 
and having written fo much already, I here 
intend to lay down my pen, committing 
myfelt, and what is done, to the provi- 
dence and bleffing of God, in whofe power 
alone it is to grant patience, refignation, 
and perfeverance, to his poor, helplefs fer- 
vants, and an increafe of their gofpel la- 
bours; So be it! 


S 6 M li 



JA: 13 


NecefTary to be underftood and attended to by alt 
proiFeffing the Christian Religioit. 

Prineipally addreffed to 

The People tailed QJJAKERS. 


LONDON, Printed: 


% JOSEPH CRUKSHANK In Market-flreei^, 
iJetwcen Second and Third- ftreets. 




Candid Reader, 

WERE it not apprehended by me 
a duty, thus to offer to thy fe- 
rious perum\the following plain and 
experin^^ital o&fcrvations upon various 
fubjecls, ^ffacHj hac^ft not hear.d from me 
in this way .^ V > \ x. 

I have often, with rttany brethren 
and fifters ia^the truth, been deeply 
affected in vic^HPff the great danger 
chriftian profeffon^ are ex p -fed to 
through a prevailing^, indifference of 
mind. For wherf a lethargic Itupefac- 
tion hath gained' the afcendancy, reli- 
gion in notion, and fruiilefs fpeculati- 
on, fatisfy a mind fo depraved A re- 
novation of heart, without which none 
can be truly religious, hath not been 
fought after. Pleafed with the iliell or 
form only, fuch have not been fenfible 
they wanted the fubllance. 

When the fubtil adverfary finds men 
in this kind of ilecp or ftupcfaclion, it 


The preface. 

is then his opportunity for fowing the 
tares amongft th^e wheat: by fuch 
means the field of the chriftian church 
became in procefs of time covered 
therewith. That which came neareft 
to my heart, and moft earneftly en- 
gaged my attention to^vards the pre- 
fent undertaking (not without ardent 
delires for the lafting advantage of 
chrilHans of all denominations) was, 
that the c'efcendants of a people, who 
a little above a century ago were very 
marveiloufJy brought, out of, and re- 
deemed from, all lifelefs fhadov^s, and 
empty forms of religion, to enjoy and 
be grounded in the blelTed power and 
life thereof, might be preferved truly 
fenfible of the way and means where- 
by our v/orthy predeceifors obtained a 
firm eftablifhment in the truth, as it is 
in Chrift Jcfus: for it is evident, where 
the means are neglected, the end cau- 
not be attained. 

That many of thefe defcendants in 

this day of outward peace and plenty, 

inclining to falfe liberty and eafe, do 

* ' ihun 

The preface. 

fliun the crofs of Chrift, which would 
crucify them to the world, is a mourn- 
ful truth, too obvious to be denied. 
Ill confideration hereof, I found a 
concern to throw a few obfervations 
before them, as near as I could, fuited 
to the prefent ftate of things; endea*^ 
vouring, in fome degree^ to offer to 
the view of the prefent and fucceed- 
ing generations, by what means our 
worthy predeceflbrs became fuch ii liv- 
ing honourable body of people; that 
the necelTity may fully appear of the 
fame bleffed power operating upon their 
minds, in order to qualify all, that 
they may rightly fucceed thofe valiants 
in maintaining the caufe of Gcd. 

The objection which caft fome dif- 
couragemenc in my way, may alfo oc- 
cur to fome readers, viz. that the fub- 
jccts treated of in this fmall tra6l have 
been divers times heretofore judicioufly 
wrote upon by different authors. This 
is no more than may be faid of mofl 
other religious fubjects as well as thefe* 
pivine wifdom and goodnefs hath 


The Preface. 

feen meet to revive the fame truths, 
by different inftruments, from genera- 
tion to generation; the Lord's fervants 
Ipeaking the fame thing, as with One 
mouth.' Herein God's gracious con- 
defcenfion to human frailty is very con- 
fpicuous and wonderful^ by caufing 
thofe excellent truths, fo eflential to 
be received that man's foul may be fav- 
ed, to be frequently revived and incul- 
cated, feeing he is fo liable to forget 
God, and his reafonable duty to him. 
Having no defire to enlarge, 1 iliall 
only add my earneft prayer to the God 
and Father of all fure mercies, that 
this mite of fimple experimental truths, 
which I have caft into the treafury, 
may meet the ferious reader, of what- 
ever denomination, with the divine 
bleHlng in it! If that graciouUy attend, 
though what is here offered may be 
juftly accounted as the barley-loaves, 
the hungry foul may receive fomc 
ftrength and refreflimcnt thereby. 

3Cth 8th Mo. 1764. 



Containing tender Advice, Caution and CouNr 
SEL to Parents and Children. Page i 


Containing fome Brief Obfervations concerning 
the Nature and Necessity of the New 
JBiRTH. P^gG 2.3 


Relating to the Nature of True Worship j 
with fome Remarks upon the State of our So- 
ciety as in early Times and now. Page 43 


Containing Short Remarks upon the True and 
the False Ministry. Page 6^ 


Containing Brief Obfervations upon the Nature 
-and Usefulness of Christian Discipline. 

Page 83 


/ /; 


'■ 5 'Jo \M -E V.-. 



Sundry Important Subjects. 

«=g j — — r'' I — ' - ' ' I' S ' ■ " .!L'. U f 


Containing tender Advice, Caution and CouNf 
SEL to Parents and Children* 

FI R S T to parents. Very much depends 
upon a right education of children* 
I therefore find it in my mind to make 
a few obfervations thereon, as it fhall pleafe 
the Lord to open my underftanding ; with- 
out whofe afliftance, and blefling upon our 
labours, they prove altogether fruitlefs. 

The children of Ifrael were ftrid:ly en- 
joined to make the training up their children 
in the law of God their conftant care; viz. 
*' Hear, O Ifrael, the Lord our God is one 
*' Lord; and thou fhalt love the Lord thy 
** God with all thine heart, and with all thy 
B ^' foul 

Advice y Caution^ and Couv/el 



foul, and with all thy might. And thefe 
words which I command thee this day> 
fliali be in thine heart, and thou flialt 
teach them diligently unto thy children, 
and flialt t^lk of them when thou fitted in 
thine houfe, and when thou walkeft by 
" the way, and when thou lieft down, and 
** when thdii rife ft up.^" 

Exceeding great is the truft repofed in pa- 
rents and heads of families. It certainly 
lies upon them an indifpenfable duty, as 
much as they can, both by precept and ex- 
ample, to form the tender minds of their 
offspring to virtue, as faith the apoflle, 
'' And ye fathers, provoke not your children 
" to wrath: but bring them up in the nur- 
** ture and admonition of the Lord.f" And, 
*' Traiu up a child in the way he Ihould go: 
•' and when he is old, he v^^ill not depart 
''fromit.t." • 

Parents mufl lirft be well acquainted with 
the way of truth, and the nurture and ad- 
monition of the Lord themielves, before 
they can train np their children therein. 
That v/hich is likely tu have the greatefl in- 
fluence upon their tender minds, is a fteady 
circumfpedl example, in a felf-denying con- 
duct before them; which will beget re- 
verence, and honourable thoughts in chil- 
dren, and fervants too, concerning thofe 
whom Providence hath placed over them. 
Great care ihould dwell upon the minds 

* Deut. vi. 4, 5, 6, 7. t Ep^» vi, 4. % ^^ov, xxH. 6. 

to Parents and Children, 3 

of parents, to make it fully evident to their 
children that they are much more defirous 
they fhould poffefs an heavenly than an 
earthly inheritance ; that they are more con- 
cerned their fouls may be adorned with the 
graces of the Holy Spirit, than that their 
bodies fhould appear finely decked with out- 
ward ornaments. 

Children will be very likely to value that 
which they fee is preferred by their parents, 
w^hether it be the things of the world, or 
religion. If this be really the cafe, which I 
think will be allowed by confiderate perfons, 
O then ! how much depends upon them for 
the promotion of truth and righteoufnefs on 
the earth, both in regard to the prefent time, 
and generations to come. This yet more 
fully appears by the Lord's tellimony con- 
cerning Abraham. *' And the Lord faid, 
^' Shall I hide from Abraham that thing 
'^ which I do? feeing that Abraham fliall 
'' furely become a great and mighty nation, 
*' and all the nations of the earth fliall be 
*' bleffed in him. For I know him, that he 
*' will command his children, and his houf- 
*' hold after him, and they fhall keep the 
way of the Lord, to do juftice and judg- 
ment; that the Lord may bring vipda 
Abraham that which he hath fpoken of 
him.*" In chap. xvii. ver. 18. his godly 
concern appears earneft, even for the child 
of the bond-woman; viz. " And Abraham 

'' faid 

* Gen. xviii. 17, 18, 19; 



4. Advice, Caution, and Counfel 

*' faid unto God, Oh! that Ilhmael might 
*' live before thee." Which petition was 

Conftant and warm endeavours, wqth fe~ 
cret cries to God that his bleffing may attend 
them, may prov^ efFedlual to the prefervati^ 
on of children. This fliould begin very 
early, even as foon as they are capable to 
diftinguifli what pleafes, or what difpleafes 
their parents. A felf-willed perverfe difpo- 
iition may foon be difcovered in children 
(more efpecially in fome) which is very ear- 
neft to have its own way, before they can 
judge what is beft for themfelves. This 
fhould conftantly be fubjedled to thofe that 
are to judge for them. They fhould never 
be fuftered to prevail by an untoward fretful 
temper, not even when what they crave is 
fui table for them to receive, were they in a 
fubmiilive difpofition ; that they may clear- 
ly fee (which they foon will) it is more to 
their benefit and comfort to yield an entire 
jTubjedlion to their providers, and that no- 
thing is to be got by a fretful felf-willed 
temper. This fhould be done by a conftant 
fleady hand, and it will make the v/ork of 
parents abundantly eafier in the government 
of their children, and may prove a great 
eafe to thofe concerned with them, perhaps 
through the whole courfe of their lives; 
fince by crufhing their perverfenefs in the 
iirft buddings, it may fo die away, as never 
saoje to gain the pre-eminence. Tl js would 


to Parents and Children, ^ 

be S wonderful bleffing, and they would 
owe their watchful parents more for fup- 
preffing that, and other pernicious buds in 
them, than for a large patrimony or out- 
ward inheritance. Indeed every thing of 
an evil nature fliould be kept down in them 
by fuch careful fteady means. Oh ! what a 
fine hopeful generation of youths fliould we 
have, were parents in general to exercile this 
prudent care in all things ! I verily believe, 
inftead of fober virtuous youth being as 
fpeckled birds amongft others, the rebel- 
lious, difobedient, and fro ward would be 
fo; and this would bring judgment over 

A confcientious difcharge of this great 
duty would bring an ample reward to fuch 
parents, as have no greater joy than to fee 
their children walking in the truth : and if 
they fliould prove unfuccefsful, as it fome- 
times hath happened, they will be clear of 
their childrens blood in God's fight, which 
is a very great thing; fo that though the 
rebellion and evil condu(5l of their offspring 
may be their forrow, it will not be their fin. 

I have fometimes been much grieved, 
when I have feen youth in the way of being 
ruined by the very imprudent indulgence of 
their parents, efpecially mothers ; making 
themfelves and others mere flaves to the 
perverfe humours of their children ; taking 
abundance of pains to extinguifli the flame 
^f their untoward tempers, by fuch means 


6 AdvicCj Caution^ and Cowtfel 

as add fewel to the fire; inverting the order 
of nature, by becoming fubjeCL to thofe 
who fliOLild fubmit to them, by anfwering 
their unreafonable cravings; making them- 
felves more work (and that too of a very 
difagreeable nature) to educate one, than, 
were they to follow the method before hint- 
ed, it would require to educate a number, 
and in the end not fo well done neither. 
Parents, wjio are fo very imprudent, have 
lefs reafon to reflect upon their children for 
being felf-willed, and not fubjecl to them 
when they grow up: feeing they themfelves 
have cheriflied, fed, and fupported that 
temper in them from their cradles ; where- 
by, unlefs religion lays deep hold of them, 
and changes the flate of their minds, they 
are unfitted to be a comfort either to them- 
felves or others ; not being formed for good 
fervants, hufbands, wives, or members of 

Alas! when I take a view of the world, 
and refledl how it wallows in abundance of 
wickednefs and corruption, which mankind 
pofTefs in a kind of fucceffion from parents 
to children, like outward inheritances; I 
have no words fufEcient to fet forth to the 
full fo deplorable a cafe. How forrowful it 
is to obferve even children, by the power of 
example, become as grown men in wicked- 
nefs and hardnefs of heart ! Cuftom and ge- 
neral pradlice hath, as it were, changed the 
nature of fome grofs evils, fo that there ap- 
; , : pears 

to Parents and Children. 7 

pears very little remorfe in the almoft con- 
llant praclice of them. Many children are 
brought up, like their parents, much 
ftrangers to their duty both to God and 
man. This almoft univerfal infeclion of 
evil, forgetfulnefs of God, and of many or 
moft relative duties, by a conftantly wal- 
lowing in the pollutions of this world, are 
very alarming, and call loudly for a refor- 
mation, left the Lord break forth in judgment 
vipon the nations, as the breach of waters. 
It is indeed a painful taflv for godly parents, 
amidft to general a depravity, to educate 
their children withou" receiving fome tinc- 
ture from this pollution, which runs down 
like a ftrong torrent. The fafeft way is, 
with great ftridnefs to keep them out of 
fuch company; though an inconveniency 
may attend that in fome outward refpecls. 
But oh ! the fouls are the moft precious part 
of them, which parents, above all other 
confiderations, ought to be concerned to 
preferve untainted with the defilements "5f 
this world. 

There is no better rule to proceed and acl 
by in this important talk, than the Spirit of 
truth, promifed to lead us into all truth. 
If we mind this, we fliall not indulge our 
children in any individual thing which thar. 
teftifies againft in ourfelves. We fliall be 
far from pleading, that becaufe they are 
young, fome greater liberties may be allow- 
ed them in drefs orotherwifej but as they 


8 Advice^ Caution^ and Cownfel 

are a part of ourfelves, the fame divine law 
fliould be a {landing rule for the whole. 

I have taken notice, that divers parents, 
who, as to their outward appearance, feem 
to have learned, in degree, the leiFon of 
humility and felf-denial, however as far as 
could be difcovered by their drefs and ad- 
drefs, vet feem to have no aveirlion to their 
children's making a different appearance; 
nay, fome will even introduce them into it 
themfelves whilft very young ; by which it 
is plain they have a pride in feeing them fo, 
and cannot help (notwithftanding their out- 
ward fliew) difcovering great unfoundnefs, 
and that they themfelves are not what they 
would pafs for. I fincerely wifli that pa- 
rents, who are apt to indulge wrong liber- 
ties in their children, by fufiering them to 
deviate from that pure fimplicity and felf- 
denial Truth led our anceftors, and ftill 
leads thofe who follow it into, would confi- 
der, in the firft place, the injury their chil- 
dren fuftain thereby, by being placed in 
a difficult and dangerous lituation with re- 
fpedl to temptations, which may be prefent- 
ed to them by the children of the land, or 
of the world: for doubtlefs the more like 
them they appear, the more free and inti- 
mate will fuch make themfelves with them, 
that they may be drawn out into undue 
liberties; whereas, did they make an ap- 
pearance quite confiflent with their plain 
felf-deuying profeffion, that fort would be 


to Parents and Ghildrtn. 9 

more backward to attempt an accels to 

Ihere is no doubt with me, but this has 
opened a way for many under our profeffion 
to ruin themfelves, by going out in mar- 
riage; and their parents have been, by their 
imprudent indulgence, the original caufe 
thereof. For fuffering them to be fo much 
like the world, and fo little like what Truth 
leads into, they are put out of the way of 
the beft connexions in marriage amongft us, 
viz. the mod religious ; as fuch dare not 
feek to, nor join with, thofe who give way 
to undue liberties : I mean fuch as Trutlx 
doth not allow us, as people who ought in 
all things to hold up a true ftandard to the 
nations, to continue in. Here inconfiderate 
tender youth, through their aptnefs to. crave 
the glittering gaiety of x\\t world, and their 
much more imprudent parents indulging 
them therein, are, as it were, prepared for 
ruin, unlefs divine mercy interpofe; and 
are alfo removed out of the way . of the 
greateft bleffing that can be enjoyed in the 
things of this life; viz. a truly religious 
hufband or wife. 

Some parents have been pierced through 
with much forrow by fuch means, and have 
had gretlt caufe to repent when it was too 
late, and there hath been reafon to fear that 
the blood of their children would be requir- 
ed at their hands. Oh! how diihonourably 
have feme leaned to unfuitable connexions 

C far 

10 Advice, Catitmiy and Counfel 

for their children, when there hath been a 
large outward profiieil ! It is to be feared 
divers parents have looked at little elie. 
This hath fometimes appeared to have been 
the cafe, by the llight put upon the offers 
of thofe, who have wanted nothing to re- 
commend them but wealth; the want of 
which, in the eye of fuch, has proved fo 
offenfive, that they feem to have been re- 
ceded on that account. This is very wrong, 
and oug;ht never to have entrance amongft 
ariy profciilng the Chriftian name; " Itov 
'' the earth is the Lord^, and the fulnefs 
'' thereof.*" 

' Some perhaps may think I am very clofe 
and itxtTQ upon parents ; that it is not al- 
ways their fault when children take undue 
liberties; (which I have already granted) 
that they^are frequently very felf- willed and 
tmgovernable. This is indeed faying fome- 
thinp-, when children become their own 
rulers by age, or other wife, and have to 
cloath and prcvide for themfelves; but I 
think it has little weight whiilf their parents 
provide for them, who have not only power 
to advife and perfviade, but alfo to com- 
mand and reftrain. They certainly may 
and ought to be abfolute, in cafes where ihe 
' teftimony of truth is in danger of "^fuffcring. 


* Thcfe hints are not intended to encourage any to afpire 
after great things ; but that alJ fliould, with a fingle eye, ear- 
neftlj feek for divine counfel, both in making and accepting 
offers ior marriage. 

lo' Parents and Chilch m. 1 1 

It is very obfervable, that Eli was greatly 
blamed, becauie he, having power, did not 
reftrain his wicked fons ; though it plainly 
appears he much difapproved of their prac- 
tices, and expoilulated with them on that 
account, and laid before them the pernicious 
confequences of their evil conduct. Oh! 
how very afFedling it is, to confider the fear- 
ful calamities which came upon that houfe; 
and alfo upon Krael, probably in fome mea- 
fure on the fame account. 

The negle6l and imprudent indulgence of 
parents in the training up their children, is 
alfo a painful lofs to the ibciety, as the con- 
fequence thereof tends greatly to obllruifl 
the progrefs of truth, by (landing in the 
way of feinous inquirers as ftvmibling- 
blocks ; when it is feen by fuch, that the 
fame undue liberties they are called out of, 
are indulged amongft us, they are offended^ 
Oh! that parents, children, and all who 
are unfaithful, and who eafily fuffer the 
important branches of our Chrifcian tefti- 
mony to fall (as indeed they would all ap- 
pear, if they were ktw in a true light) 
would deeply confider the mournful confe- 
quence thereof, by retarding the progrefs of 
truth, and grievoufly eclipfing the beauty 
of Sion! Then I greatly h^ope a more lively 
zeal and holy ardour would prevail, and 
that the carelefs fons and daughters thereof 
would arife, and fhake themfelves from the 
dull of the earth, putting on the beautiful 


12 Advice^ Caution^ and Couvfcl 

garment of holinefs and truth, that flie 
might become more and more a praile in the 

Having offered a few remarks concerning 
the important duty of parents, it now i e- 
mains to do the fame refp^dling the indif- 
penfible duty of children to honour and obey 
their parents in the Lord^ which is ftrongly 
enjoined in the holy fcriptures, and, in the 
nature of things, of lafting and indifpenfa- 
ble obligation. 

The command is, ^' Honour thy father 
^' and thy mother, that thy days may be 
•' long upon the Land which the Lord 
" thy God giveth thee.*" Read Matt. xv. 
4. Mark vii. 10. Luke xvlii. 20. Eph. vi. 2, 
3. In that which is confident with the law 
of God, no children can {land acquitted 
before the fupreme Judge, for diibbeying 
or difhonouring their parents. This obedi- 
ence and honour not only extend to the 
yielding to what they enjoin or diredl, but 
alfo to the prefervation of a reverent awe, 
and honourable efteem in the heart, arifing 
from a bottom of love, which would on all 
juft occafions cheriih and proteft them. It 
is a fm of a deep dye to difregard and flight 
parents, as appears by Dcut. xxvii. 16. 
^' Curled be he that fetteth light by his fa- 
** thcr or his mother;" and Prov. xxx. 17, 
^^ The eye that mocketh at Iiis father, and 

^* dcfpifeth 

■n Exod. XX. 12., 

ft? Parents and Children. 13 

** d/?fpifeth to obey his mother, the ravens 
*' of the valley ihali pick it out, and the 
'' young eagles iliall eat it." Chap, xxiii. 
22. " Hearken unto thy father, and defpife 
" not thy mother when llie is old." Chap, 
x^viii. 24. '^ Whofo robbeth his father or 
" his mother, and faith. It is no tranfgref- 
*' fion, the fame is the companion of a 
'' deftroyer." 

On the other hand, very memorable was 
the kind and watchful Providence which at- 
tended fuch as feared the Lord, and thofe 
who loved, honoured, and obeyed their 
parents; as Jacob, Jofeph, Ruth, Samuel, 
and David; alfo the Rechabites. Read the 
account concerning them, Jer. xxxv. Re- 
fpecling fuch as lived in the fear of the 
Lord, let me recommend the cafe of Daniel, 
* and the three children, who, becaufe of 
their faithfulnefs to God, were preferved 
unhurt, when by their adverfaries expofed' 
to the greateft torment and danger. 

It would far exceed the bounds of my 
intention to particularize all thofe excellent 
patterns and examples we are favoured with 
the account of, which are wonderfully 
adapted to inilrucfl, encourage, and improve 
the youth, as well as others. There are 
aifo, for caution and warning, examples 
and very affeding inflances of fearful judg- 
ments and dreadful calamities, which fell 
\i|3on the rebeUious and gainfayers. May 

* Pin. iii> 

14 Advice^ Caution^ and Coiirtjel 

the tender minds of youth, by reading thefe 
things, (as recorded in the holy icriptures 
and other good book^) be deeply imprelTed 
with proper lentiments concerning good and 
evil, and the very different rewards of vir- 
tue and vice, both in this world, and in the 
world to come. 

It is a very commendable, as well as a 
very profitable thing, to be converfant in 
thofe facred writings. Remember what 
Paul faid of his beloved fon Timothy, viz. 
*' From a child thou haft known the holy 
fcriptures, which are able to make thee 
wife unto falvation, through faith which 
is in Chrift Jefus. All fcripture given by 
infpiration of God, is profitable for doc- 
trioie, for reproof, for corredion, for in- 
ftru6lion in righteoufnefs ; that the man 
of God may be perfect, thoroughly fur- 
niflied unto all good works.*" But let 
the youth and all duly confider, that the 
profiting by the facred writings entirely de- 
pends upon the holy living powerful faith 
of Chrift, which worketh by love, purify- 
ing the heart; and whereby we come to fee 
him who is invifible, and confequently to 
underftand the precious myfteries of his 
kingdom, as far as is proper and neceffary 
for us to know them, which is all that is 
lawful for us to defire. There are many 
Other good dnd profitable books, but none 


* 2 Tim. iii. i^y 16, 17. 

to Parents and Children. 1 5 

in which is contained fuch a ftore of rich 
treailire, and fublime heavenly myfleries, 
wonderfully wrapped np, and entirely con- 
cealed from earthly wifdom ^d carnal poli- 
cy. For none can know the things of God 
without 'the affiilance of his Spirit," as ap- 
pears by I Cor. ii. 10. to 15. and in many 
other places too tedious to enumerate. 

Great hath been the concern of the 
church in its largeft collective body; as 
appears by frequent and very preiTnig affec- 
tionate advice, caution, and counfel to the 
youth, to read the holy fcriptures, and 
other profitable books, carefully to refrain 
from all fuch which may have the leaft ten- 
dency to alienate their minds from the holy 
fear of God, and a fober virtuous courfe of 
life, or which are barely for amufement, 
being unprofitable; whereas time is very 
precious, fhort, and uncertain; therefore 
it fliould be carefully improved to the foul's 
everlafting advantage. Moreover, that the 
youth do yield ftridl and careful obedience 
to -the Divine Monitor within, to parents, 
and all thoie who have the rule over them 
without, carefully to fhun the vain impro- 
fitable amufements, as well as the corrupt 
converfation of the world : earneftly admo** 
nifliing all, to avoid every thing in their 
drefs and addrefs, which might have the 
leaft tendency to render them fuitable for 
an intercourfe, league, or amity wdth the 
children of the laad \ or of a depraved de- 

1 6 Advice^ Caution^ and Goiinjel 

generate world, that wallows in pollution 
and great defilements, left they ilionld be 
drawn afide, as Dinah was,* by goirg out 
to fee the daughters of the land ; and as the 
children of lirael were, by their woeful in- 
timacfy" "with the daughters of Moab and 
Midian.f Read the whole chapter; not 
forgetting the dreadful fall of Solomon, the 
wifeft king, who, by contracting intimacy 
with thofe that were ftrangers to God, and 
his holy covenant, came to have his heart 
drawn away from the living and true God, 
who had appeared to him in Gibeon; and 
fo greatly debafed himfelf, as to bow down 
to their paltry dumb idols. Time would 
fail to recapitulate one half of the mournful 
iiiftances recorded in the holy fcriptures, 
and other authentic accounts, concerning 
the hurtful confequences of God's people 
mixing and joining with the nations. It 
is their fafety to be feparate, and to dw^eli 

Our youth have been alfo highly favoured 
with a living powerful miniftry, which 
hath often reached the V/itnefs of God in their 
hearts. What a wonderful favour ils this! 
when we confider that the greateft part af 
Chriftendom, almoft ever fince the apoftles 
days, have deprived themfelves thereof, by 
fubflituting human wildom and learning in 
its place; fo that the panting thirfly ioul 


* Gen. xxxlv. z. t Numb. xxv. :j: Numb, xxiii. 9. 

ta Parents and Children. iy 

could meet with little from their minifters, 
but the muddy naufeous waters pf Babylon 
to drink; neither could they dire(5i to the 
paftures of Chrift's flo'ck; but counfel was 
darkened by a multitude of words without 
knowledge, and the commandments of God 
made void by the precepts, inventions, and 
injuh(flions of men. What a blefled time 
is your lot caft in, even when evangelical 
Light and Truth hath difcovered itfelf in 
perfedl purity! Oh! that our youth would 
confider and deeply ponder in their hearts, 
that notwithftanding the great and earneft 
labours many ways bellowed in godly love 
and zeal for the whole fociety's prefervation 
in the way of truth and rightebufnefs, yet 
very forrowful and obvious hath been the 
declenfion in pradlice of many amongfl us* 
A mournful inundation of undue liberties 
has flowed in ; many have made grievous 
advances in thofe corrupt perilhing plea- 
fures, and trifling amufements, which our 
truly pious predeceflbrs Wholly denied, and 
turned their backs vipon, and have left us 
large and lively teftimonies, by way of 
warning and caution, carefully to avoid 
being entangled with fuch yokes of bon- 
dage. All thefe things have prevailed for 
want of abiding in the fear of God, and 
duly confidering that he is ever prefent, be- 
holding all our words and adlions, be they 
ever fo much concealed from the view of 
mortals: vet he knows them altogether. 

D When 

1 8 Advice J CautioHy and Counfet 

When the mind is fufFered to turn to hi^^ 
pure Witnefs in the heart, we find reproof, 
corre(5tion, and judgment, for giving way 
to wrong things : and as the youth abide in 
fubjedlion thereunto, they will be afraid to 
tranlgrefs its pure law in the mind ; which 
they will find agree exadlly with the pre- 
cepts and injunctions recorded in holy writ, 
refpedling their duty to God, to their pa- 
rents, and all mankind. 

The reafon why many, who fee their du- 
ty, fail in the performance, is their depart- 
ing from the perfect law of liberty, and of 
the Spirit of life in their minds. They 
may be informed concerning their duty by 
outward means and law : but the ability is 
only to be found arifing from the inward 
law, agreeable to Rom. viii. 2. *' For the 
*' law of the Spirit of life in Chrift Jefus 
*' hath made me free from the law of lin 
*' and death." In obedience and hvimble 
fubjeclion to this holy law, youth would 
eiijoy that pure peace, heavenly ferenity, 
and fweet confolation of foul, which infinitely 
lurpafleth all the treafures and pleafures of 
the earth ; and would have a well-grounded 
hope of a happy eternity. It is the adver*- 
fary that leads to that obduracy and felf- 
willed rebellious ftate of mind, to be ob- 
ferved in fome of the youth, who, by their 
vincontroulable difpofitions, adminifler great 
forrow and anxiety to their parents and 
friends, being pufted up with vain conceits 
in their unexperienced minds, that they are 


to Parents and Children, 1 9 

more capable of judging for themfdves, 
than thofe of greater experience are for 
them; by reafon whereof too many, it is 
to be feared, have ruflied on to the ruin qf 
body and foul. 

Very great is the danger when the young 
and unexperienced are proud and opinionated. 
This naturally raifes above inftrudlion, put'- 
ting them out of the way of being truly 
profitable, either to themfelves or others. 
Such, tinlefs their hearts are mercifully 
turned by a fupernatural power, are never 
likely to be fit for governing families, or 
to a(fl as members in thca church of God. 
Seeing, unkfs their unmortified wills and 
tempers are fubmitted to (however unreafon- 
able) they will break the peace of fociety, 
and violate the w^holefome order thereof^ 
being hke the unfubjeded bulls of Bafham 

When any afTume the outward form of 
religion, and take upon tihem to be ailive 
members, without a change of heart, they 
prove a painful burden to living members-; 
neither can fuch make fuitable help-mates 
as hufbands or wives ; nor can they in that 
ftate rightly fill up the honourable ftations 
of parents, matters and miftrefles, friends, 
neighbours, or tradefmen. I do therefore, 
in much affection, and defire for the wel- 
fare of tender youth, caution and w^arn 
them carefully to avoid the company and 
converfation of fuch, though under the 
fame profeffion; who difregard their parents. 

^o Advice^ CmitioUj mid Conn/el 

and thofe who have the rule over them; 
who flight or fpeak contempts oufly of thcijr 
betters, fuch as minifters and elders, &c^ 
or of the Chriftian advices frequently given 
forth by the yearly and other meetings, or 
of the wholefome difcipline eftablifhed 
amongft us as a people in the wifdom of 
truth : do not join fuch in marriage, how- 
ever great the outward profpedl may appear ; 
for tender religious minds cannot be happy 
with fuch in that connexion. And as thp 
fear of the Lord is the beginning of wifdom, 
and that which makes and keeps the heart 
clean, learn it in tender age ; by it you will 
he taught to remember your Ci^eator in tlie 
days of your youth, and, agreeable to the 
injuncflion of our bleffed Lord, to feek firft 
the kingdom of God, and his righteoufnefs^ 
and all things neceffary here will be add^d. 
Divine wifdom, as it is regarded, will di- 
re<5l your fleps in the courfe of this iliort 
pilgrimage, in the choice of proper help- 
mates, and all other affairs of confequence. 

The fame watchful Providence will be 
over you in care, guidance, and proteiSion, 
if you look to it, which attended thofe who 
lived in his fear, as you may read in the 
holy fcriptures. 

It greatly behoves you to look diligently 
^o the foot-fteps of ChrifVs companions, 
who walked with him through many tribu- 
lations, having waflied their robes, and 
made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 


t^o Parents and Children. i2*x 

Be truly contented with that low, humble, 
lelf-dejiying way which yeu fee they walked 
in; you can iiev^r mend ii. If you feek 
more liberty than that allows of, it will oiaJy 
bring upon you darknefs, pain., and vexati- 
on of fpirit. Take noti<:e of trieads writ- 
ings in early tii^nes, and for, a conCderable 
number* of years, how wonderfully tli^ 
power and love of God was with theiii and 
how marvclloully tl-tey were prate6lGd' 
amidft the raging foaming waves of eartiily 
powers, combined to lay wafte the heritag-e. 
What encouraging and excellent accounts 
had they to leave upon record fpx us, con^ 
cerning th^ mighty powerful overfhadow-- 
ing of the canopy of heavenly love and lift 
in their religious aflemblies^ and of the glo- 
ry of God fhining forth amt)ngft theml 
This, through the mercy of God, is not 
departed ; though there bav.e been fome re- 
moves thereof. % '^ 

Dearly beloved youth : Lay to heart the 
great flacknefs of zeal which appears in too 
many; the dimnefs, flatnefs, and the pain- 
ful gloomiaefs, which fpreads itfelf over 
our aflemblies in this our day, hard to 
break through, many times depriving us of 
the heavenly places in Chrift jefus our Lord! 
It is not of Him we are in this condition, 
but it certainly is our own fault, becaufe 
^rong things are fuffered to prevail. Oh! 
that our youth may be ftirred up in a godly 
zeal to cry out fervently with the prophet 


%1 Advice y Caution^ and Counfel 

Eliflia, " Where is the Lord God of Eli- 
*' jah?*" And to be as vigilant as he in 
ardent endeavours to be endi.ied with the 
fame Spirit, to fucceed thofe honourable 
worthiesT who are removed from works tq 
receive a blefled reward. Confider the bu- 
finefs of your ^ day is to come up in a faith- 
ful fucceflion, maintaining the caufe ^nA. 
teftimony of God, left with you by your 
anceftors, or thofe who ar& removed as 
-above. \ Stand faft therefore in the liberty 
pvuxhafed fqr you by great fufFerings, and 
fhedding of innbcent blood; be afraid to 
trample thereon ; which all certainly do, 
who turn away from the trutj^ as it was 
received, held forth, and maintained hy 
them. May it be very precigftis in your 
eyes from generation to generation, until 
time fliall be no more ! Thofe who other- 
wife efteem it, turning their backs there- 
upon, violating the bieiled teftimony thereof 
in its feveral branches, will (unlefs they 
repent) be wholly reje(5led and caft ofj^_a$ 
being unwotthy of fo great an honour, as 
that of holding forth a ftandard of truth 
and righteoufnefs to the nations ; and others 
will be called and chofen for that great and 
glorious work: yea, the Lord is able to 
raife up of thofe who may be compared to 
the ftones, and to make them Abraham'is 
<:hildren, by doing his works j while thoft, 


* Z Kings ii. 14. 

to Parents and Children, 23 

who might have been the children of the 
kingdom, may by difobedience provoke 
him to exclude them. 

I fhall conclude this affe(5tionate addrefa 
to our youth with the words of Chrift, 
by his faithful fervant John, to the church 
in Philadelphia, *^ Behold I come quickly;. 
" hold that faft which thou haft, that no 
" man take thy crown. Him that over- 
" Cometh, will I make a pillar in the tem- 
*' pie of my God, and he ftiall go no 
*' more out; and 1 will write upon him 
*' the name of my God, and the name of 
*' the city of my God, which is Ne^iu 
" Jerufalem^ which cometh down out of 

heaven from my God : and I will write 

upon him my new name.*" 



Containing fome brief Obfervations con- 
cerning the Nature and Necessity 
of the New Birth. 

TH E ftanding dodlrine preached by 
our Lord Jefus Chrift to Nicodemus, 
of the neceffity of being born again, John 
iii. 3 — 8. and what is delivered by John 
the Baptifc concerning the baptifm of Chrift 


Rer. iii. xi, la. 

1^4 Oh the Nature and Nccejfiiy 

with the H0I7 Ghofl and fire,* being the" 
fame ia fubftance, which is alfo fet forth by 
the prophet Malachi, tinder the Hvely mc-^ 
taphors of a refiner s fire^ a purifier of Jtl'ver^ 
sind fuller s foap^^ with many other pafTages 
of like import in holy writ, although of the 
utmoft confeqnence to be rightly underftood, 
weightily confidcred, and deeply pondered 
by all, is by the generality much overlook- 
ed, and amazingly neglected. That which 
alone can lay a fure foundation for happi- 
nefs, both in time and eternity, is hardly 
thought of by many with defire, or even 
with any degree of lerioufnefs ; unlefs it be 
to iliun and evade the force of that power^ 
which thereby would feparate them from 
their beloved lufls and fleflily gratifications. 
In order to efFeft this, many and exceeding- 
ly abfurd have been the conje(5lu.res and 
dreams of a great part of mankind ; but all 
to fhun the crofs ; that corrupt felf, with all 
its feeming rich treafure and adorning, 
might be faved. This felf, in many, has 
been more fond of a religious kind of orna- 
ment and treafure, than thofe of any other 
fort; towards whom the fubtile transformer 
hath not been Vv'anting plentifully to furniih 
all thofe minds who have a religious turn. 
Antichrift, as an eminent f author obferves, 
can bring forth in his church a likenefs or 
imitation of every thing that is to be found 


* Matt. iii. 10, : i, i:. f Mai. Hi. \, 2, 3, 4. 
\ 1, Fenington. 


of thd Neiv Birth, 25 

la Hon. O then ! how greatly it behoves 
mankhKl to prefs after a certainty ; fince no- 
thing can poffibh/ center the foul in a more 
deplorable ftate, than a miftake of this 

• But fome are apt to doubt whether fuch 
a thing as aa infallible evidence of our 
adoption is attainable here ; though fo fully 
aflerted in the holy fcriptures. This is not 
to be wondered at, with refpecl to thofe who 
are in the natural, unrenewed (late; feeing 
the natural man, according to Paul's doc- 
trine, *' underftandeth not the things of the 
Spirit of God, neither indeed can he 
know them, becaufe they are fpiritually 
*^ difcerned.^" But I am perfliaded none,j 
who have really experienced the new birth,' 
remain doubtful or fcrupulous concerning 
this important truth. It Teems to me alto- 
gether unreafon:ible to fuppofe Infinite' 
Goodnefs, who knows the fallibility and 
great weaknefs of his creature man, fliould 
leave any, v/hofe liearts are fully devoted to 
yield obedience to his will, in a ftate liable 
to miftake the fame, or in any v/ife ignorant 
of his divine approbation, upon a careful 
difcharge of their duty to him. This holy 
evidence in faithful fouls is indeed the white 
ftone, and in it a new name written^ which 
none know fave tlioie who receive it ; being 
an afTurancc that their names are written in- 

E heavea^ 

^ I Cor. ii; 14, 

26 On the Nature and NeceJ/lty 

heaven : from whence arifes a joy, which^s 
unfpeakable and full of glory. . * 

A fenfe of the wrath of God againft evil, 
doth often make deep impreflions upon the 
minds of many ; fo that they in painful re-- 
morfe are ready to cry out for mercy and 
forgivenefs of their fins. And feeing this 
fenfibility upon the mind of man, that he 
hath difplealed his Creator, neither doth nor 
can proceed from any thiiig in man, but the 
pure witnefs of God placed there; fo it is 
quite reafonable to conclude, that this di- 
vine Witnefs, upon our faithfully difcharg- 
ing the duty we owe to God, according to 
its difcoveries, will imprefs our minds with 
a fweet fenfe of divine approbation, agreea- 
\)\t to Rdm. viii. i6. " The Spirit itfelf 
*' beareth witnefs with our fpirit, that we 
" are the children of God." With many 
other paffages in holy writ of like import. 

When any are really difpofed to be reli- 
gious, great care iliould be taken in their 
.firll: fetting out. Many have been marred 
upon the wheel, for want of patience to en- 
dure proper tempering; endeavouring to be 
formed into veffels, before they have paiSed 
through the necefTary operation. This has 
been for want of thoroughly knowing them- 
felves. For every thing that appertains to 
the creaturely will, and forwardnefs of de- 
.fire to choofe and adl for itfelf, mufl die up- 
on the crofs ; therefore there mull be a re- 
maining as a chaos without form and void, 


of the New Birth, 27 

to endure all forts of florms and tempefts, 
until the efFedlive Word laith, Let there be 
light! making by his own power a perfec5t 
feparation between the light and darknefs in 
the little world, (viz. man) as lie did in the 
great world. Until this is really experienc- 
ed, man is not in a condition to be placed 
upon the wheel, to be formed into a vefTel 
of honour. But there muft be a time for 
drying, and enduring the furnace. 

Thefe wonderful operations, which I 
have, in an allegorical way, only juft touch- 
ed upon, muft neceflarily make very deep and 
lafting impreffions upon all, who have been 
fo happy as fo far to experience the nature 
of that regeneration, without which none 
can fee the kingdom of God. When any 
are come thus far, there will be no occafion 
to make ufe of dreams and uncertain con- 
jectures in forming a judgment concerning 
their adoption. That divine birth which is 
raifed in them, naturally cries, Abba, Fa- 
ther ! leaving them no room to doubt, when 
he is pleafed to appear (which they are 
taught to wait in the patience for) of their 
having paffed from death unto life ; or being 
tranflated from under the power of darknefs 
into the kingdom of the Lord Jefus Chrift ; 
which confifteth in righteoufnefs, and peace, 
and joy in the Holy Ghoft. 

The great danger of man's being deceived 
lies in the myfterious workings of Satan, 
who has a ftrong hold in thofe, who, uport 

28 On the Nature and Kecejftty 

their firft awakening by the call of Chrifl^ 
have not fjiffered his power fo far to prevail, 
as to make them willing to part with all for 
his fake. There is fomething exceedingly 
reluctant in the ftrong fpirit and will of 
man, to the falling into nothingnefs of felf, 
and be w^holly given up to be guided and 
upheld by another. This in part arifes from 
the excellency of his frame, and nobility of 
his' underftanding, who finds himfelf in 
naturals capable of efFe6ting great things, 
and knows not, till his eyes are opened and 
enlightened from above, but that he is 
equally capable of comprehending what re- 
lates to him concerning the world to come. 
Inftead therefore of wholly ceafing from his 
pwn will, and relying altogether upon the 
gvudance of the Holy Spirit, he is very apt 
to be a6live, and imagines God will be pleafr 
ed vv^ith his diligence, in the performance of 
what he apprehends to be religious duties ; 
fuch as praying, fmging, preaching, or 
eagerly feeking to join oihcrs in thofe per- 
formances; often telling his experiences, 
and hearing thofe of others. Whereas it 
would be abundantly more pleafing to the 
Almighty, and profitable to himfelf, to lay 
his mouth ^n the dull, filently to conunune 
w^ith his ovv^n heart, and be flill, until it 
Ihall ])]eafe the Lord to fend forth his light 
and his truth, that the poor ]:ielplefs crea^ 
turc may move and ad; in a religious fenfe, 
Yfith an underftanding informed thereby: 


of the New Birth, 29 

feeing every thing that is done in religion 
and worfhip, widiout the fenfible guidance 
of the Holy Spirit, is will-worlhip and 
idolatry : for if the Spirit of Chrifl doth not 
move and aduate us in religious perfor- 
mances, we are liable to the influences of 
the fpirit of antichrift. 

Yet fome perhaps, by way of excufe for 
their not being influenced by the Spirit of 
Truth in their religion, are ready to call it 
enthufiafm and prefumption in thofe who 
afiert the neceffity thereof, feeming to 
imagine there is no fuch thing in our time 
to be relied upon ; yet they will readily own 
it was fo in the apoftles days. But they can 
give no good reafon why the fame divine 
power and efficacy fliould forfake the true 
church; fince mankind have equal ntt^ 
thereof, and the nature of God's difpenfa- 
tion is now the fame as it w^as then. 

Common prudence teacheth us to examine 
ftrid:ly into the clearnefs and vahdity of our 
titles to earthly eftates, that we may be fully 
fatisfied we are not deceived or impofed up- 
on by falfe glofles and fpecious pretences. 
Shall we be lefs folicitous about that which is 
of infinitely greater moment; viz. our title 
to an everlafting inheritance? Man fhould 
be very jealovis over his own heart, which 
is apt to be partial towards itfelf, and, 
through the transformation of Satan, to 
footh and flatter him into an apprehenfiotji 
that. he is in the way to everlafting happi- 


30 On the Nature and NeceJJity 

nefs, when in reality it is quite otherwife., 
But, alas ! his criterion to form a judgment 
of himfelf by, may be the fame as that of 
the Pharifee, who went up to the temple to 
pray, or rather to recapitulate his own fup- 
pofed excellencies. He perhaps meafures 
himfelf by himfelf, or by comparing his 
principles and conducft in life with thofe of 
others ; whereas nothing fliould be received 
as a ftandard in this very important cafe, 
but the ftamp of divine approbation upon 
the heart; agreeable to Rom. viii. 14, 15, 
16. *^ For as many as are led by the Spirit 
*' of God, they are the fons of God. For 
** ye have not received the fpirit of bondage 
** again to fear; but ye have received the 
^^ fpirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Ab- 
*' ba, , Father, The Spirit itfelf beareth 
** witnefs with our fpirit, that we are the 
" children of God." 

Having offered a few hints, by way of 
caution, in order that all into whofe hands 
this fliall come may examine themfelves 
without partiality, left they fall inadvertent- 
ly into an irretrievable miftake refpedling 
the eternal Salvation of their own Souls, I 
fliall now endeavour to fet forth, from mine 
own Experience, a little of the Nature of 
that New Birth, without which none can 
fee the Kingdom of God; confequently are 
no true Members of his Church, which is 
his Kingdom, and frequently called Hea- 
ven, and the Kingdom of Heaven, in the 


of the Neiv Birth. 5 1 

holy Scriptures. It cannot therefore be fup- 
pofed, that a perfon wholly unregenerate 
can be properly quaUfied for the performance 
of any religious duty, or even the leaft fer- 
vice in that kingdom, which he doth not fo 
much as fee. 

I have, by experience from my childhood, 
found two fpirits or feeds ftriving in me for 
maftery or rule: I have difcovered them to 
be irreconcileable enemies one to the other ; 
and that I could not ferve them both at the 
fame time. I had an underflanding given 
me, whereby I knew one of thofe feeds was 
a meafure of the All-powerful Inexhauftible 
Source of Goodnefs; and the other, which 
had indeed in a manner leavened the whole, 
lump, was of a wicked and diabolical na- 
ture. By means of this corrupt leaven, I 
had a ftrong bias to evil of many kinds; 
neverthelefs, I often found the good ftriking 
at the evil, as an ax laid to the root thereof, 
agreeable to Matt. iii. 10. in order to deftroy 
that which deprived the Heir of all things 
of his inheritance. I was long in a kind of 
fufpence, unrefolved which to join with; 
yet faw all depended upon my determinati- 
on, and that I had full power of ciioice. 
On the one hand, when the awakening vifi- 
tations of God's Spirit were upon me, it 
appeared very dreadful to provoke an Om- 
nipotent Being, of unmerited kindnefs and 
mercy, to caft my foul into everlafting per- 
dition. On the other hand, efpeci^lly when 


3 '2 On the Is ci hire and Necejfity 

thofe blefFed impreflions were fbmewhat 
worn off, it was next to death itfelf to yield 
up all nry fenllial gratifications, and to ex-' 
pofe my lei f to the fcorn and contempt of 
the world. However, in procefs of time^ 
the Lord in gracious condefcenfion broke in 
upon my foul, by his judgments mixed 
with mercy, in fuch a powerful manner, as 
that I was made willing to yield up there- 
unto, come life or death. For indeed I 
looked for nothing elfe at that time, but 
really expecfted my frail body would fink 
down under the weight of that unfpeakable 
diftrefs which was upon me, and that my 
finful fovil muft be centered in a ftate of 
everlafting mifery. Now the cry was, with 
Saul, afterwards Paul, with trembling and 
aftoniihmcnt, '^ Lord! what wilt thou have 
** me to do?*" There was no holding back, 
or fecret referve then,' but whatever was 
called for was given up with all readinefs : 
this being all I could then do. As to per- 
forming religious duties, I had them all to 
learn, though I had been trained vip from 
my infancy in a jfl:ri6l religious way by god- 
ly parents. But the very beft outward helps, 
and the moft confiftent fet of religious prin- 
ciples, only profeffed, cannot at all enrich 
the foul with heavenly grace. 

By carefully inquiring as above, I fbon 
clearly perceived my bufinefs was to watch 
and pray continually; to commune with 


* Aas ix. 6. 

of the Neiv Birtb. 3^ 

mine own heart, or the Witnefs of God 
therein, that I might receive frelh inftrudli- 
pn and help as I had need. Self-denial, and 
taking up the crofs daily, was to be my 
conftant employ; in the doing whereof I 
had much inward peace and comfort, and a 
well-grounded hope that I fliould thereby 
find, in the Lord's time, the body of fin 
fo weakened, as that the yoke of Chrift 
would become eafy, and his burden light* 

In order to a happy progrefs in the life of 
religion, the great thing is, by abiding ia 
the Divine Light, to preferve a clear and 
diftinguilhing fenfibility between the fleftx 
and the Spirit. There is no doing this with- 
out great care and Heady attention of mind 
upon the Divine Gift. If the eye goes from 
this, it is blinded by the darknefs ; then the 
man is liable to be milled by a counterfeit 
fight, and various refemblances, which Sa- 
tan will caft in his way for guidance and 
inftrudlion, perfuading him all is well and 
right. To be fo milled, and therein efta- 
blifhed, is a truly deplorable ftatej it being 
very unlikely fuch fhould ever be perfuaded 
to believe they are miftaken, as they often 
deride whatever appears doubtful concern- 
ing their religion and worfiiip. This was 
evidently the cafe with a fet of profeflbrs of 
uncommon outward fan6lity and puncflual 
exadlnefs in the exteriors of their religion, 
in the time of our Saviour's perfbnal appear- 
ance upon earth; notwiihftanding which, 

F thefe 

;^4 On the Natufe and Neceffity 

thefe very people appeared to be the moil 
inveterate enemies he had amongft mankind. 
Seeing therefore frail mortals are liable ta 
illch dangerous miftakes, how exceedingly 
circmiifpecfl and watchful ought all to be! 
and what frequent and ftricl fcrutinies 
ought they to make into the ftate of their 
own hearts! which can be known no Qther^ 
wife by any, but as the Lord is pleafed to 
fend forth his heart-fearching light. This 
is a high favour, which none receive but 
thofe who are turned from the darknefs, and 
are fervently concerned to put away all the;^ 
works thereof. Very grofs is the deception 
of thole, who imagine the w^ork of their 
converfion to be an inftantaneous work. 
This can be nothing elfe but a delufion of 
Satan, to fettle people at reft in a ftate of 
felf-fecurity as foon as he can. Oh! what a 
length of time it takes, to work out that re- 
bellious, ftiff-necked, backfliding nature, 
which was born in Egypt, before the new 
generation is raifed up, that is fit to enter 
the promifed land! 

From what is before hinted, it may be 
underftood^ that the Good Seed, or Heaven- 
ly Principle, arifing into afcendency in us 
over the evil feed or principle, and leavening 
the three mcafures of meal into its own na- 
ture, is eflentially a being born again, or 
with water and the Spirit, or being baptized 
with the Holy Ghoft and fire ; or man's en- 
during the operation of the refiner's fire, 


of the New B'aS. 35- 

fulier's foap, ^nd being purified as filver; 
all which metaphors fignify to us, in a very 
inftrudtive manner, the different operations 
of the Holy Spirit; which is to the willing 
foul fometimes as water, to wafh and bathe 
in, and alfo to drink of freely; at other 
times as a refiner'§ fire, to purge away the 
filth ^nd drofs, that man may be as pure . 
gold, prepared to receive the image and fu- 
perfcription of the King of Heaven; that 
lb, where-ever he goes, or whatever he doth, 
all who have their eyes opened may fee 
whofe fubje£l he is. 

It is. very obfervable, that the prophet 
Malachi, ' when he had elegantly fet forth 
the nature of the new birth, breaks out iu 
the fourth verfe of the third chapter on this 
wife: '' Then fliall the offerings of Judah 
^' and Jerufalem be pleafant unto the Lord, 
^' as in the days of old, and aj? in former 
♦^ years;" which clearly implies man s un- 
acceptable ftate with his Maker in any reli- 
gious performances, until he hath pi-eviouily 
.known the cleanfing and refining operations 
before-mentioned. What then will become 
of tliofe who have intruded thenifelves into 
religious fervices, and ^mongft his. faithful 
followers, not having on the wedding-gar- 
ment! who would pafs for his people, yet 
cannot find, by exapciining the ftate of their 
minds refpeding religion, that they have 
trod the path of regeneration, nor paffed 
through the many and various pangs of thq 
WW birtt, ' Whcu 

^6 On the Watiire and Necefftty 

When man hath, through the powerful 
prevalence of the Divine Principle, obtained 
vidlory in a good degree over evil, his foul 
abounds with evidence and tokens of his 
happy attainments, through the Lord Jefus 
Chrift; to whom with tl-ie Father, through 
the influence of the Holy Spirit, praife, 
adoration, and thankfgiving, are offered up 
as incenfe with acceptance; he enjoys an 
abundant flow of heavenly love, to thofe 
efpecially of the fame lineage, begotten of 
the fame Everlafting Father, agreeable to 
1 John iii. 14. '' We know that we have 
*' pafl^bd from death unto life, becaufe we 
•' Ipve the brethren/* It is then become as 
his meat and drink to do the wall of God ; ' 
he looks with indifference upon worldly en- ' 
joyment, when compared with religion and 
the weighty concerns thereof; his body, 
foul, and outward fubfl:ance are oflTered up 
to the Great Giver; being given up to fpend 
and to be fpent for the promotion of truth, 
according to the degree of its requirings ; 
careful that all he doth may tend to God's 
glory. Thefe particulars, and much more 
than I can fet forth, ye done from the mature 
refult of a well-informed underftanding and 
found judgment, which cannot fail of pro- 
ducing great peace and heavenly folace, 
whereby he is mightily encouraged to per- 

Oh! that mankind would but come clear- 
ly to fee the neceffity of beginning in the 


of the New Blrflj. 37 

Spirit, and walking therein, agreeable to 
the advice and praiflice of the primitive 
Chriftians! then they would not fulfil the 
lufts of the flefli. The fpirit that luftetlj to 
envy, and feeks vengeance, would be {lain. 
Here outward wars and fightings would 
ceafe of courfe ; the caufe being taken away^ 
the effed: would be no nnore. A felfiih 
covetous fpirit, which feeks undue advan- 
tage to the injury of others, would be purg- 
ed out. Here we fhould have power to love 
our neighbours as ourfelves, and to do unto 
all as we would be done unto, were we in- 
their fituation. All thefe, and many more 
good fruits, would fpring up naturally from 
the new creation in Chrift Jefus our Lord. 
But thofe who have not the ground-work in 
themfelves, and lack the virtues of the Holy 
Spirit, which are fet forth in the fcriptures 
of truth, are blind, and cannot fee that it is 
poflible to attain thofe exalted Chriftian vir- 
tues now as it was in the apoflles days : and 
therefore imaginations, dreams, and con- 
jedlures abound amongft outfide Chriftians 
(who are numerous) concerning the way and 
means of obtaining that falvation which 
come.s only by being born fi'om above. 
Some fay, Lo ! here is Chrift \ Others iky, 
Lo! he is there! but ftill evade the crois. 
If that did not flick in the way, they would 
furely embrace the right thing, as it is fo 
fully fet forth and defcribed in the holy 


38 07t the Nature and Neaiffity 

The teftimonies thereof have enforced, 
however, an affent to the truth of the doc*- 
•trine of the new birth, both in Papifts and 
Proteftants. But alas! their apprehenfions 
<:oncerning i£s nature are exceedingly obfcure 
;and carnal, making the fprinkling of in- 
fants with a little water (which they call 
baptifm) efTential thereunto ; nay, the man- 
ner of their exprefling themfelvea on this 
fubje^, in the confeffion of their faith to 
the world, feems in my apprehenfion to 
make that ceremony all, or the chief that is 
intended by being born from above ; or that 
the operations of the Spirit for that end are 
infallibly conne6led to the operation of wa- 
ter. Papifts fay, *' We muft believe that 
** Jefus Chrift has inftituted in his church 
feven facraments, or myfterious figns and 
inftrumental caufes of divine grace in the 
foul: baptifm, by way of a new birth, 
by which we are made children of God, 
*' and wafhed from fin: confirmation, by 
*' which we receive the Holy Ghoft by the 
** impofition of the hands of the fucceflbrs 
*' of the apoftles, &c.*'' The Proteftant 
Church of England faith, in confefllng their 
faith to the world, " In my baptifm (they 
*' mean fprinkling infants) wherein 1 was 
*' made a member of Chrift, the child of 
*' God, and an inheritor of the kingdom of 
*' heaven." After an infant is fprinkled, 
the prieft fays, " Seeing now, diparly belov- 

* Popifli Manual of Spiritual Exercifes, page 4. 

of the New Birth. 3^ 

** ed brethren, that this child is by baptifm 
*' regenerate and grafted into the body of 
" Chrift's church, let vis give thanks, &c/* 
And again, " We yield thee mofl hearty 
**' thanks, moft merciful Father, that ic 
*' hath pleafed thee to regenerate this infant 
*' with thy Holy Spirit, to receive him for 
" thy own child by adoption, and to incor- 
" porate him into thy holy church, &c.*" 

From thefe evafions it appears man hates 
death to felf, and had rather look any way 
than that which is likely to ftrip him of all 
his beloved treafure; though if he was not 
very blind and ignorant concerning his true 
intereft, he would eafily fee that his fuppof-* 
ed lofs would make way for his greateft gain* 
However, this unhappy reludance in man 
to the true way, has put him upon ftrain- 
ing his invention, to find an eafiet way to 
the kingdom of felicity, of becoming heir 
of two kingdoms; of ferving God and 
mammon, though we are aflured that is 
impoffible. Many would fain imagine, that 
man may be faved merely by the imputation 
of Chrift's righteoufnefs ; which, if it were 
true, would be a mighty palatable dodrine 
to a mviltitude of felf-lovers. ^ Some, who 
do not fall in with this opinion, but believe 
they muft repent, and that th'ey ovight to 
experience the evil purged out by the fpirir 
of judgment and burning, do yet put off 
this great work, refting with a kind of hope 

* Catechifm and Public Baptifm, 

40 ' On the Nature and NeCefftty 

that they Ihall be fitted for everlafting hap- 
pinefs thereby fome time before they gd 
hence; and build much upon the great mer- 
cy and long-fuffering of the Almighty, 
catching eagerly at the fudden converfion of 
Paul, and of the thief upon the crofs. Oh 1 
how exceeding inconfiderate are fuch delays ! 
A faying of Chryfoftom is worthy to be 
noted, viz. " God promifes mercy to peni- 
*' tent finners, but he doth not promifc 
*' them, that they fhall have fo much time 
*' as to-morrow for their repentance!" 
Others there be, who imagine converfion is 
effedled in an inftant; and in order that their 
deception may be effectual, the falfe prophet 
caufes fire to come down as from heaven in 
their fight ; he chat is prince in the airy re- 
gion> raiies vehement heats and agitations 
upon their palTions. This they call the 
workings of the Spirit upon them for their 
converfion ; immediately after which a kind 
of heaven is formed, wherein they take their 
tefl with a leeming fecurity, erroneoufly 
fuppofing their calling and eleclion are made 
iurcj and that they can never fall from fav-- 
ing grace, which they doubt not of having 
in their poireffion. Oh! how dangerous is 
iiich a fecurity! 

Much more might be written concerning 
the many falfe rells and vifionary heavens 
which poor mortals, through the liibtlety of 
Satan, and their own inattention, are de- 
luded to repofe themfelves in 5 which might 


of the New Birth. 41 

all be happily prevented, were they to enter 
into the iheepfold by Chrift, the door and 
way to the everlafting kingdom, which is 
opened and prepared for the foul to travel in, 
by his inward appearance, as before noted. 
He will certainly count all thieves and rob- 
bers, who come into his church any other 

What abundance of robbery is found in 
thee O Chriftendom ! . what ftealing the 
name of Chrift, and the experience of God's 
people formerly, to live upon, and alfo to 
feed one another with 1 Oh, what multitudes 
there are of unwholefome barren paftors, 
and poor, lean, ftarved flocks, amongft 
moft or all focieties of Chriftian profeffors ! 
Their poor low condition, as to religion, 
induces them to put forth theit- hands and 
fteal. Can the God of juftice and truth de- 
light in robbery for burnt-offerings? No; 
fuch facrifices are an abomination to him. 
His regenerate ones, though often tried with 
great poverty of fpirit, dare not fteal; 
knowing nothing will find acceptance with 
the Source of Infinite Goodnefs, but that 
which is of his own immediate begetting. 
He will fmell a fweet favour from that, al- 
though it be but a figh or a groan ; which 
may be compared with the acceptable offer- 
ing of the poor under the law, of a pair of 
turtle doves, or two young pigeons; and 
with the widow's two mites caft into the 


4^^ On the Nature and Necejfity 

treafuiy, taken notice of by our Lord/^ 
Thofe poor humble dependant ones, who 
are made perfectly honeft by the juft and 
upright principle prevailing in them, and 
waiting the Lord's time, may be, and often 
are furnilhed with larger offerings, and do 
greatly increafe with the increafe of God. 

To conclude this head, I fliall thus funi 
up the matter, viz. that man's great bufi- 
nefs, upon his firft awakening out of the 
ileep or ftupefa6lion of fin, is paffively to 
yield himfelf into the hands of his faithful 
Creator, that he may be pleafed to work in 
and upon him, to will and to do of his own 
good pleafure. His foul muft, with the ut- 
moft care, endeavour to abide in that which 
enables incefTantly to pray, '' Thy kingdom 
*' come, and thy will be done on earth, as 
" it is done in heaven." This bent of heart, 
through the grace of God, is a fufficient 
guard or defence againft all the fubtle at- 
tempts of Satan to begviile and deceive, and 
nothing elfe. The moft crafty devices of 
the adverfary can never prevail to pluck fuch 
an one out of the Almighty's hands ; and 
by abiding therein, he is created anew in 
Chrift Jefus unto good works, having fpirit- 
ual fenfes given, that he may continually 
exercife them in difcerning between good 
and evil. His heart being made pure in a 
good degree by the fprinkling of the mod 
precious blood of Chrift, his conftant care 

* Mark xii. 42 ta th« end. 

of the Neiv Birth, 43 

is, through Divine affiftance, to preferve it 
fo, that he may be pleafed to tabernacle with 
him, on whom help is laid; who is made 
of God, to fuch paffive upright fouls, their 
wifdom, righteoufnefs, fandtification, and 
redemption. They receive from him thole 
qualifications, which enable them to co- 
work with the Spirit, and perfecftly to un- 
derftand the proper bufinefs of their day, 
both in the world as ftrangers and pilgrims, 
and in :he church of Chrift, as living mem- 
bers thereof. 


Relating to the Nature of True Wor- 
ship; with fome Remarks on the State 
of our fociety, both as in early Times, 
and now. 

TH E nature of acceptable worfliip is fet 
forth by our Lord and Saviour Jefus 
Chrift, in a manner wonderfully adapted to 
the fubjed;; viz. that it is to be performed 
in Sprit and in Truth.^ The reafon is given, 
Becaufe God is a Spirit ;" and therefore, 
they that worfhip him, muft worfliip 
him in Spirit and in Truth. f" Not in 
the ceremonial, fhadowy, and typical wor- 
iliip of the Jews ; (tho' becaufe of weaknefs 

• it 

f Joha iv. 23.— t Verfe 24^^. 



44 On the Nature of True WorJJvip. 

it was difpenfed to them, until a better 
hope, and more excellent woi fliip was brought 
in ; whereby man has a nearer accefs to the 
Divinity, and a better knowledge of himfelf : 
here fuch a brightnefs of heavenly glory ap- 
pears, as caufeth all figns, figures, and 
types, to vanifli away) but in the truth and 
real fubftance of all that was typified and 
prefigured by the ceremonial law of Mofes, 
the righteoufnefs of that law being fulfilled 
in thofe who walk and worlliip in the Spirits 

The foul mud bow in perfect fincerity, 
humble proflration, and a deep inward fenfe 
of its own frailty, want, and unworthinefs; 
being at the fame time deeply impreffed with 
a lively fenfe of the Lord's adorable great- 
nefs and goodnefs; from which fenfibility 
renewed upon the mind, by Him alone who 
is the fole objedl of worlhip, thankfgiving 
and praifes afcend, for the multitude of his 
mercies received, and reverent prayer, either 
mental or vocal (according as the mind feels 
itfelf influenced or directed by the Holy 
Anointing) for the continuance of his gra- 
cious prefervation in the way of righteouf- 
nefs; agreeable to Eph. vi. i8. " Praying 
" always v/ith all fupplication in the Spirit, 
^' and watching thereunto with all perfeve- 
*^ ranee, and fupplication for all faints." 

It is clearly to be uuderftood, by what 
our Lord faid to the woman of Samaria be- 
fore-mentioned, that acceptable worfhip is 
pot to be confined to any particular place, 


On the Nature of True Worjhip. 45 

mode, form, or ceremony whatfoever; 
which was a deceptiou mankind had too 
generally fallen into, and greatly wanted to 
be drawn from,, being then, as well as now, 
too apt to reft fatisfied with exterior per- 
formances ; which altho' fome of them once 
were to the Jews in oondefcenfion difpenfed, 
yet not even then fubftituted in the place of 
fpiritual worfhip, nor at all acceptable with- 
out the bowing of the foul as above. But 
now our Lord fliews the outward was to be 
laid afide, and not to continue in his glori- 
ous fpiritual difpenfation any longer ; a 
dangerous fnare for man to pleafe himfelf 
with and reft in. But it could hardly be 
expedled that fo much, or fo great a mafs of 
outward obfervations could be caft off all at 
once; yet in the apoftles days the church 
was wonderfully (for the time) brought out 
of them, as appears by thofe few things 
laid upon the Gentiles.* But alas ! the 
Chriftian church (fo called) inftead of leav- 
ing all, and becoming purely fpiritual, 
gradually decayed as to life and power, and 
increafed in ceremonies and outward obfer- 
vations, until :Qie became as full of them as 
ever the Jewifh church was. Then flie got 
full pofFellion of the outward court, having 
nothing to enjoy but her own inventions, 
and to glory in Babylon, which fhe had 
built inftead of Sion, until her meafure 


* Aas XV. 

46 On the Nature of True Worjhip, 

fhould be filled up, and her determined 
overthrow was to take place. 

Paul faith to the Philippians, *' For we 
*' are the circumcifion which worfhip God 
** in Spirit, and rejoice in Chrift Jefus, and 
*' have no confidence in the flefh.*" What 
circumcifion is here intended, appears from 
Rom. ii. 28, 29. Col. ii. 11. That the ge- 
nerality of Chriftian profeflTors, of every 
denomination, have lamentably deviated 
from this kind of worfhip, requires not 
much penetration to difcover. And tho' the 
great Author of the Chriflian religion hath 
fo fully exprefTed his will and pleafiire in 
this mofh important point, yet many will 
not be fatisfied without a kind of worfliip 
that the man's part can be adlive in ; that 
hath fomething in it capable to amufe the 
outward fenfes : they would yet worfhip the 
Moft High with human abilities, or the 
work of men's hands; and by an unjuflifia- 
ble veneration, which fome endeavour to 
keep up for old mafs houfes, and other 
places of worfhip, calling them churches, 
houfes of God, holy places, &c. they feem 
to maintain a dodlrine contrary to the tefti- 
mony of that holy martyr Stephen ; " How- 
" beit the Moft High dwelleth not in tem- 
*' pies made with hands, as faith the pro- 
*' phet;t" and that of the great apoftle of 
the Gentiles: " God that made the world, 
*' and all things therein, feeing that he is 

*' Lord 

* Chap. iii. 3. t Aas vli. 48. 

On the Nature of True Worjlnp. 47 

' Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not 
' in temples made with hands; neither is 
' worlhipped with men's hands, as tho' he 
' needed any thing, feeing he giveth to all 
' life, and breath, and all things.*" 

Moft Proteftants, tho' they have caft off 
much of the Romifh fuperftition, ftill retain 
fome outward ceremonies and obfervations 
very unfuitable to the fpirituality of the gof- 
pel difpenfation, for which they have no 
divine authority, nor any colour of warrant, 
but what is patched up from the example of 
fome in the primitive church; which being 
then juft arifing out of a load of ceremonies, 
could not be wholly weaned from every 
thing of that kind at once; and therefore 
feveral of thefe things were for a time con- 
defcended unto; it being, tho' a very glori- 
ous beginning, but the morning of the gof- 
pel-day, and infancy of the Chriftian church, 
Ihe wonderfully abounded with heavenly 
power, in order to make her way in the 
world. Yet, by the rifing higher and high- 
er of the Sun of Righteoufnefs, who rules 
the everlafting day of God's falvation, fhe 
was to put on all her beautiful garments ; to 
make herfelf quite ready for the bride- 
groom, and, by a gradual increafe of clear 
difcoveries, was to grow into maturity of 
wifdom, and ripenefs of judgment. Our 
Lord clearly intimates the great danger of 
tacking any thing of the old ceremonial dif- 
* A^s xvii, 24, 2%^ 

.48 On the Nature of True Worjhip. 

penfadon to the new gofpel difpenfatlon ;* 
iliewing they would by no means agree, 
or fafely fubfift together. This the experi- 
ence of many generations can fully declare. 
Oh! what rents, fchifms, and tearing of 
the pure undefiled religion of Chriit to 
pieces, have there been by means of retain- 
ing fome patches of the old garment! 

Yet there hath been a godly travail, and 
an ardent labour preferved, even through 
the darkeft ages of fuperftition and idolatry, 
by the true church, tho' hidden from carnal 
eyes, as in a wildernefs, that ihe might caft 
off this heavy eclipfing mafs of outward 
obfervations : there were many rifings up, 
through the divine power, againft it, efpe- 
cially the groiTeft part thereof ; but the moft 
extraordinary, as to its confiftency with the 
unmixed purity of the gofpel, was about 
the middle of the laft century. Then evan- 
gelical light and truth appeared, without 
the blendings of ceremonies and outward 
obfervations. When the Lord, by his over- 
ruling power, had eredled this bleflfed (land- 
ard of fimple truth, and pure righteoufnefs, 
many thoufands flocked to it, and fpoke the 
language, in a confiderable decree, fet forth 
^y way of inquiry. Cant. vi. 10. *' Who is 
^' flie! that looketh forth as the morning, 
" fair as the moon, clear as the fun, and 
** terrible as an army with banners ?" Ter- 
rible indeed they were to the man of fin, 


* Matt. ix. 16, 17. 

On the Nature of True Worjhip, 49 

the fon of perdition, and were mighty in- 
ftruments in the Lord's hand to reveal him. 
A great annoyance they were to the mer- 
chants of Babylon, and thofe who enriched 
themfelves by the fuperftitious wares there- 
of; which, through the wicchciraft and en- 
chantments of the great whore and her 
daughters, mankind were deluded to buy o£ 
them; tho' now the wicked craft is much 
more feen in all its transformations, than it 
was at their firft riling. 

They endured a great fight of afHi(5lion; 
but through all, they with patient but un- 
daunted firmnefs maintained their ground, 
and were made vi(ftorious through fuffer- 
ings, as the Captain of their falvation was/ 
The everlafting gofpel was preached by thenx 
in great demonftration of the Spirit, and 
with power ; in fum and fubilance as it was 
to be preached after the apoftafy: " Fear 
God, and give g'ory to him; for the hour 
of his judgment is come: and worfhip 
him that made heaven and earth, and the 
fea, and the founcains of water.*" 
This was indeed coming to the fubftance, 
after men had wearied themfelves with 
abundance of toil in vain, catching nothing, 
but vanity and vexation of fpirit. If any 
would receive this gofpel, thus preached ac- 
cording to the true intent and meaning 
thereof, there was no room to evade the 

H crofs 

•' Rev, xlv, 7. 



,Jq Ofi the N^ature of Tfiie Worffjip. 

crofs of Ghrift, which is the power of God 
to falvation. There is no Hberty here to re-^ 
tain a few ceremonies for decency's fake, 
and to invite the Papifts over, as pretended 
1by Protefiants ; but all are to embrace the 
fubftance, not daring any more to touch the 
beggarly elements, fo much proftituted and 
defiled during the whole night of apoftafy. 
The virgin daughter of Sion is well aflured 
the bridegroom of her foul will never more 
appear to her in thefe uncertain polluted 
things, which have been, and yet will be, 
more and more terribly fhaken, and pais 
away as a fcroll ; that thofe things tvhich 
can never be fliaken may remain, agreeable 
to Rev. xxi. I. '' And I faw a new heaven, 
" and a new earth; for the firft heaven and 
*^ the firft earth were pafled away; and 
" there was no mare fea." There ijuas no 
more fea; nothing unftable, fluctuating, 
and tmcertain; nothing of that element 
from which the beaft arifeth, and therefore 
no danger of a beaft rifing thence any more. 
The 2d, 3d and 4th verfes of the fame 
chapter wonderfully fet forth the glory of 
the Neiv 'Jerufalem coming down from above, 
the tabernacle of God being with men, and 
God's dwelling with them; of his wiping 
away all tears from their eyes ; and that there 
ihall be no more crying, forrow, and pain, 
becaufe the former things were pafled away ; 
viz. there was no more fea; all is purged 
,away which was the caufe of thofe dreadful 


On the Nature of True Worfhip. 51 

calamities and miferies fet forth in this Di- 
vine Revelation, by opening the {tvtYi feals, 
founding the feyen trumpets, and pouring 
out the feven vials full of the wrath of God, 
who liveth for ever and ever. The fifth 
verfe faith, *^ And be that fat upon the 
*' throne faid, Behold, I will make all things 
•' new!" Now there is nothing of the old 
garment, nor old wine left, to tear and 
break to pieces the new garment, and the 
new bottles. Oh! glorious gofpel times! 
May the Lord of hbfts haften th^ni more 
generally in the kingdoms of the earth ! 

Having offered a few general obfervations 
tipon the ft ate of things, it now remains to 
make fome further remarks upon thofe peo- 
ple fo remarkably raifed, as before hinted, 
in the laft century, in this our native land; 
for their beginning and firft progrefs was 
here; tho' many other lands were alfo fhar- 
ers in the bright nefs of truth's arifing in 
them ; and it may without vanity be faid, 
that tiirough them a light hath extended, or 
at leaft glanced, over a great part of Chrif- 
tendom (fo called) which hath difcovered the 
hidden myftery of the falfe church more 
clearly than heretofore, and given a great 
fliake to the long-continued kingdom of an- 
tichrift. They have been, through Divine 
Wifdom, eftablifhed into a, firm body, 
amongft whom fubfifts the comely order of 
^he gofpel, as an hedge, by divine appoint- 
^entj for their fafety and prefervation from 

52 On the Nature of True Worjhif. 

the deftroyer, and out of the polluting de- 
filements of a greatly corrupted world.. 
Notwithflanding which, their prefervatiori 
doth, and always will,' much depend upon 
their diligently feeking unto, and waiting 
lingly and carefully for a daily renewing of 
llrength and wifdom from above, whereby 
alone all things muft be direcfted and order- 
ed for their fafety and perfeverance. 

It hath been often accounted by me a 
great favour and bleffing, that my lot was 
caftin a time when primitive Chriftianity, 
in its power and purky, was reflored in the 
world; and that I was fo happy as to have 
my birth and education aiTjjpngft the before- 
mentioned people: for tho' that did not 
m^ake me a real and living member of their 
body, yet it hc^ppily put me more in the 
■^^ay of being fo, than if my lot had fallen 
in fome of the foregoing dark ages, and af-r 
forded me greater means of reftoration, than 
if I had been educated amongft fuperftitious 
bigots; for which favour, enjoyed by me 
and many others, there muft be proportion- 
able returns of thankfulnefs and obedience, 
or it will furely add to our condemnation: 
for where much is given, much will be re- 

Before I had quite arrived to man's eftate, 
I was, through merciful goodnefs operating 
upon my foul, brought into a better know- 
ledge of, and a nearer intimacy and fellow- 
fliip with, thele people in a fpiritual fenfe^ 


Qn the Nature of True Wo^iflnp, 


than before, to my unutterable confolation : 
for I found the glorious Lord was their king 
and law-giver, and that he was indeed be- 
come to them a place of broad rivers and 
ftreams ; and that man's fplendid inventions ; 
fuch as a galley with oars, and gallant fhip, 
could not pafs amongft them: ^' For the 
*' Lord is our judge, th* Lord is our law- 
*' giver, the Lord is our king, he will fave 
*' us.'^'^" This was~ the bleffed language 
founded within their borders. My fpirit 
hath many times been reverently bowed, and 
awfully proftrated before the Lord, in be- 
holding the comelinefs, beautiful lituation, 
and fafety of thefe his people; in an humble 
fenfe whereof I have been ready to fay, 
*' Happy art thou, O Ifrael ! who is like 
" unto thee, O people faved of the Lord! 
*' th^ {hield of thy help, and who is the 
** fword of thy excellency! and thine ene- 
*' mies fliall be found liars unto thee, and 
** thou flialt tread upon their high places !" 
It may be objected that the foregoing 
contains high encomiums on a people, 
amongft whom we cannot difcover thefe 
excellencies, but have looked upon them as 
a mean contemptible body, who aifed: a 
kind of aukward fingularity; and we ob- 
ferve many amongft them as eager after the 
world, and who love it as well as any people 
whatever; and others, who take undue li- 
berties, are as deeply involved in the plea^- 

* Ifa. xxxiii, 21. Ver. 22. 

14 On the Nature of True Worjhif. 

lures and gaieties of life, and as mvich 
ftrangers to felf-denial, as people of other 
perfuafions. And it is further to be noted, 
that when we go to their places of wprfhip, 
and obferve tlae manner of their fitting in 
filence, a Laodicean lukewarmnefs is very- 
apparent in many of them, by the eafy, 
carelefs condition they feem to fit in, at the 
lame time they profefs to be waiting in fi- 
lence of body, and ftillnefs of foul, for the 
defcending of the Holy Ghoft, that their 
fpiritual flrength may be renewed. Surely, 
If this is not really fo, it muft be a mockery 
and deception of the mod contemptible and 
provoking nature in the fight pf an AU-fee-r 
ing Eye. 

In order a little to open the (late of the 
cafe, and to anfwer the foregoing objedtions, 
I Ihall now make fome obfervations upon 
the defection in pradlice that is to be found 
amongft us as a people, efpecially of late 
years, which hath caused abundance of pair^ 
and heart-aching diftrefs to the living body, 
who fervently travail that Chrift may be 
formed in thofe who have a natural birth- 
right in the fpciety, which at prefent feema 
to be all the title fome have to be accounted 
of us. As to the foregoing part of the ob- 
jecflion, this peopl^ have been indifcrimi- 
nately viewed in that light by carnal profef- 
fors from their firft rife, which dif'covers 
the fame undiftinguiihing blindnefs, as al- 
ways hath deprived the children of this, 


On the Nature of True Worjhip. 55 

world of feeing any beauty or comelinefs in 
the children of light. I have before noted, 
that I (tho' educated in the fame profeffion) 
did not fee the Lord was amongft them, in 
fuch a manner, until he was pleafed to open 
mine eyes, agreeable to Matt. xvi. 16. 17. 
where our Lord pronounces Peter bleffed, in 
that the Father had revealed the Son to him* 
Chap. xiii. 16. he faid to his difciples, 
*' Bleffed are your eyes, for they fee; and 
*' your ears, for they hear." It is through 
the fame blefling mine eyes are yet preferved 
open to fee, that notwithftanding the great 
decleniion in pra6lice, which hath prevailed 
over many of us as a people, the glory is 
not departed from amongft us : the King i«; 
known by the upright-hearted in his beauty^ 
ftill reigning. Princes do yet rule in the 
fpirit of judgment given them of God* 
My faith is, at times, greatly ftrengthened 
to believe it will never ceafe to be fo amongft 
this people, but that they will be preferved 
by the Almighty power, through all genera- 
tions, a living body; and that the princi- 
ples of truth, as held by them, will yet 
fpread far and wide in the kingdoms of the 
earth. This, I believe, was the blelTed end 
for which they Were firft raifed, and mar- 
veloufly fupported : this glorious work hath 
been in degree going on, tho' very much 
^impeded by the unfaithfulneis of many 
'^mongft us, vsrho, like the foolifh woman, 
are in fome meafure pulling down what the 


56 On the Nature of True WorJIiip, 

wife woman hath built up. Oh! that all 
who take upon them our holy profeffion of 
the unchangeable truth, would deeply con- 
iider the weight of that obligation which 
they take upon themfelves thereby ! It is far, 
Q very far! from being a light eafy thing; 
as it may, in a proper lenfe, be efteemed an 
entering into the foiemn covenant thofe peo- 
ple are bound to by their God, of liolding 
up a ftandard of truth and righteoufnefs, 
altogether meet and fuitable for the nations, 
with fafety and well-grounded confidence to 
draw unto ; fo that none amongft us need 
be afliamed to call unto mankind thus ; viz. 
Look upon Zion^ the city of our folemnities! 
Oh! it is a lovely fight to behold her walls 
and bulwarks all falvation, and her gates 
praife; when none of her flakes are broken 
down, nor any of her cords loofened ; being 
indeed the Lord's habitation, as fet forth 
Pfa. cxxxii. 13, 14, 15, 16. *' For the Lord 
*' hath chofen Zion: he hath defired it for 
*' his habitation." He faith, " This is my 
** refl for ever: here will I dwell, for I have 
** defired it. I will abundantly blefs her pro- 
*' vifion: I will fatisfy her poor with bread. 
*' I .will alfo clothe her priefts with falvati- 
*' on: and her faints fhall fhout aloud for 
- joy." 

Many under our religious profeffion dif- 
regarding or lightly efteeming this fblemn 
covenant, and reiling in the profeffion only, 
is the principal reafon that we find divers 


On the Mature of ^rue Worjloip. ^J 

under our name more infenfible, harder to 
be reached unco and awakened by a hving 
powerful miniftry, than people of other re- 
ligious perfuafions. This may feem ftrange 
to fonie, but I know it is lamentably true 5 
having frequently felt it fo in my gofpel la- 
bours. To me this doth not appear hard ta 
account for, when it is confidered, that 
amongft us there hath been difpenfed greater 
abundance of fpiritual favours, of various 
kinds, than amongll any fociety of people 
that 1 know of: which hath not proceeded 
from any partial regard in the Almighty to- 
wards us more than others, but the better to 
enable us to keep our covenant with him, ia 
the difcharge of that great work he hath cal- 
led us to. V/here any are fo inconfiderate as 
to difregard and negledl fuch wonderful op- 
portunities of lafting benefit and improve- 
ment, they become more hardened and im- 
penitent than thofe who have been more ouc 
of the way of receiving heavenly impreffionsi 
The portion of fuch, unlefs they in time 
embrace the grace of repentance, is very 
difmal to think of, as in Prov. xxix. i* 
^' He that being often reproved, harden^th 
'^' his neck, {hall fuddenly be dellroyed, 
•' and that without remedy," And Heb. 
vi. 7, 8. *' For the earth that drinke'th in 
" the rain that cometh oft upon it,- and 
** bringeth forth herbs meet for them by 
*' whom it is drelfed, receiveth bleffing 
'^^ fromQ-d: but that which beareth thorns 

I ** i^nd 

58 On the Nature of True Worjhip. 

*' and briars is rejec5led, and is nigh unto 
" curling: whofe end is to be burned." 

Great indeed hath been the bounty of 
heaven to us as a people, both immediately, 
by the folacing influences and guidance of 
the Holy Spirit to all that would receive it, 
and alfo by the abundant flowing of a truly 
evangelical minifl;ry, raifed up and continu- 
ed for the greateil part of this lafl:" hundred 
years* But now the Ibciety is much fl:ript 
of a living fl^iilful miniftry; yet not, nor I 
hope ever will be, wholly deftitute. This, 
through the divine bleffing, hath been a 
great means of our being gathered into and 
preferved a people! but many amongft us 
have leaned and depended thereupon ; and 
therefore it may be, and I believe it is, con- 
liftent with Divine Wifdom, to try how the 
fociety will fl:and without fo much outward 
help in that way; tho' perhaps more may 
be afforded, in raifing up a fpirit for pro- 
moting found difcipline and good order, 
which will prove a bleflTed means of its pre- 
fervation. And this muft be proceeded in 
by the help and holy influences of the fame 
Spirit, which furniflies the befl: minifl:ry. 
It looks as if the Lord was about to make 
his people flill more inward and fpiritual, 
fliewing them plainly, that gofpel-worfliip 
does not depend upon outward means. 

It is quite obvious that abundant preach- 
ing, praying, and fmging, doth not bring 
a great part of mankind a whit nearer to 


On the Nature of Ti tie Worjhlp. 59 

heaven, nor more acquainted with God and 
themfelves, than they would be without it. 
So that it may be truly laid, and indeed la- 
mented, that they fpend their money for 
that which is not bread, and beftow much 
labour without real profit to themfelves. 
With refped to us, the miniftry approved 
hath abounded with heavenly bread, and 
refrelhing ftreams of living v/ater have 
flowed through the conduits and water- 
fpouts to the plantation of God ; and altho' 
many have not improved thereby, yet fome 
have grown and flourifliied. But the Lord 
of the vineyard cannot be confined to any 
particular means for the help and preferva- 
tion of his church, tho' perhaps fuch as he 
has made vife of in time pafl ; feeing he can 
make other means, unthought of by fhort- 
fighted mortals, as effedlual. We may fee 
he made ufe of the people of Ifrael to fight 
his battles, wherein they feemed, in fome 
fort, to have been the caufe and inftruments 
of their oivn deliverance and prefervation: 
yet it was not always fo; for there are divers 
inftances of his deflroying his enemies, and 
working the deliverance; ot his people imme- 
diately by his own power. This appeared 
more marvellous and aftonifliing, both to 
his people and their enemies, than the ordi- 
nary means ufually employed. Upon the 
whole, altho' it appears to me fomething 
like a chaftifement, that fo many worthy 
valiants have been removed, and, few raifed 

do On tJje Nature of True Worjlnp, 

up in the miniftry to fucceed them with 
equal brightnefs, this may prove a trial, 
which, toy difcerning eyes, may fully diftin- 
guifli between the profeffor and the polTeiror 
in religion ; yet I believe the true church 
will grow under this difpenfation of God's 
dealing with his people. She will be more 
grounded and fettled in that which is within 
the veil, viz. the holy fandluary and houfe 
of prayer. There is her place of fafety, 
quite out of the reach of Satan's tranf- 

An holy, awful, filent waiting before 
God, is fpiritual Ifrael's abiding in their 
tent, where no divination nor enchantment 
can prevail againft them. This is exceeding 
beautiful, reaching, and convincing to all, 
whole fpiritual eyes are in degree openeil, 
when they fee the things, as fet forth 
Numb. xxiv. 5, 6, 7. '' How goodly are 
." thy tents, O Jacob! and thy tabernacles, 
*' O Ifrael! A^ the vallics are they fpread 
*' forth, as gardens by the rivers-fide, as 
*' the trees of lign-aloes which the Lord hath 
^' planted, and as cedar-trees befide the 
'' wateis. He fliall pour the water out of 
** his buckets, and his feed fliall be in ma- 
^' ny waters." Oh! what wonderful en- 
couragement haye the Lord's cholen people, 
to d^ide faithful in that ftation wherein he 
hath placed them, whether in filence or 
fpeaking, doing or fuffering, prolperity or 
adverfity. There is not the leall occafion to 


On the Nature of True WorJJnp. 6 1 

be afliamed of filent worfliip, unlels we are 
fb naked, as to be void of a right fenfe of 
what true worlhip is. Then indeed it is ex- 
ceedingly contemptible, and cannot fail of 
rendering us more defpicable in the eyes of 
mankind, than fuch are who have a form, 
ornamented with man's curious invention 
and adorning. This muft of ncceffity cen- 
ter all that are fo unhappy in that ftate, fet 
forth by our Lord under the metaphor of, 
^' Salt that hath loft its favour, which is 
*' thenceforth good for nothing, but to be 
^' caft out, and trodden under the feet of 
*' men." Therefore all profeflbrs of fpirit- 
iial worfliip ihould greatly fear being found 
in this dreadful ftate, of the form truth 
leads into without the life and power: if 
that is with them, it will raife them above 

In my travels for the promotion of truth, 
according to ability received, which I have 
been engaged in through moft parts of our 
fociety, I have feen and painfully felt much 
of this forrowful idlenefs and infenfibility, 
which has caufed me many days and nights 
of mourning with fackcloth as it were un- 
derneath. 1 have feen that it proceeds from 
various caufes, but principally from an over- 
anxioufnefs in feeking after earthly things, 
lawful in themfelves, but diredl idolatry 
when they have the chief place in the mind^ 
and are made the principal treafure thereof; 
which they certainly are, when moft delight- 

62 On the Nature of True Worjhip. 

cd in and thought upon. Then how can it 
be fuppofed that idolaters can worlhip the 
true and living God, any other wife than in 
a mere form ? With fuch the feveral branch- 
es of our Chriftian teftimony are no other- 
wife regarded than for outward decency's 
fake, to keep up the forni in the fight of 
men. So there is a dead form, and an in- 
fipid fruitlefs bearing of our teftimonies, 
which can never beget to God, tho' perhaps 
it may fometimes beget into the form. But 
this brings no increafe to the Lord's people, 
except of pain and diftrefs. Vifibie difor- 
ders and immoral pracSlices in particulars 
have often wounded us, and hurt the caufe 
of truth ; but not in fuch a dangeious man- 
ner; becaufe, where found judgment and 
the Spirit of wholefome difcipline have beea 
preferved, thefe Things have been judged 
and caft out of the Camp. But the greareft 
wounds we have received have been in the 
houfe of our feeming friends, by their en- 
deavours to maintain our principles (or at 
leaft what they liked of them) worOiip, mi- 
niftry, and difcipline, all in that form only, 
A^^hich the faithful have been, and now are, 
livingly led into. Antichrifl has always 
made more havock by transforming himfelf, 
than by direct violence and oppofition. Let 
it be ever remembered what Paul faith, 
** For he is not a Jew which is one out- 
*' wardly; neither is that Circumcifion 
^* which is outward in the flefli: but he is 

On the Nature of True Worjhip. 6 3 

** a Jew which is one inwardly; and cir- 
*' cumcifion is that of the heart, in the fpi- 
*' rit, and not in the letter; whofe praife is 
*' not of men, but of God.*" None, I 
think, dare deny but it would be equally 
true, if the word Chriftian was fubftituted 
in the room of the word Jew: if fo, the 
form, appearance, and character may be. 
attained without the heart- work. We read 
of fome who had the form even of godlinefs, 
yet denied the power, tho' perhaps not in 
words ; for to me it appears the moft empha- 
tical denial of it, to live and adt in the 
form without it ; as this may feem by prac- 
tice, which fpeaks louder than words, to 
declare to mankind there is no need of the 
power, feeing they can do without it. Cer- 
tain it is, thofe who inordinately love this 
world, and the things pf it, cannot have the 
Power of Godlinefs whilfl in that ftate ; as 
faith the apoftle, " Love not the world, 
" neither the things that are in the world. 
*' If any man love the world, the love of 
*• the Father is not in him.f " 

I do therefore earneftly intreat all, into 
whofe hands thefe remarks fhall come, feri- 
oufly to paufe, and examine their own hearts 
without partiality, that they may fee, before 
it be too late, what ftate they are in. If by 
a narrow and ftrid fcrutiny they fdould find 
that the religious ftrudlure (which fome of 
them have been many years in building) 

* Rom. ii. 23, 29. t ^ Jolin- ^'^' *;- 

64. On the Nature of True WorJJnp, 

was not ere<5led by the ordering and directi- 
on of Divine Wifdom^ it would be much 
more ikfe and prudent to have it all pulled 
down, fo as that there may not be one ftone 
left upon another, by laying the foundation 
of repentance from dead works ^ and ot liv- 
ing and powerful faith towards God, and 
our Lord Jefus Chrift, in a confeience puri-' 
fied by his Blood. 

Thefe lines are principally intended by 
way of an alarm and warning to the carelefs^ 
lukewarm and formal profeflbrs. As for the 
fincere, upright, humble feekers of and 
worfhippers of God, they will be eftabliflied 
upon the Rock of ages, which the gates of 
hell fhall not prevail againft, and reap the 
bleffed fruits of the painful travail of their 
fouls before God; and in due time, if they 
faint not, their parched ground will be- 
come a pool, and their thirfty Land fprings 
of water: yea, through generations to come, 
they will enlarge, and become as a fountain 
of Gardens, wells of living water, and 
ftreams from Lebanon. The beloved of 
their fouls will call, faying, *' Awake, O 
*' north wind! and come thou fouth, blow* 
*' upon my garden, that the fpices thereof 
** may flow out.*'* Then will they fay,^ 

Let my beloved come into his Garden, 

and eat his pleafant Fruits." 


* Cant. IT. 15, 16^ 


On the True and Falfe Mini/lry. 65 


Containing Short Remarks upon the Taufi 
and the False Ministry, 

THE prophet Joel, in a remarkable and 
excellent manner, fets forth the nature 
of gofpel-miniftry. ** And it fhali come to 
** pafs afterward, I will poar out my fpirit 
** upon all flefh, and your fons and your 
** daughters ihall prophefy,*" What pro- 
phefying is here intended is clearly defcrib- 
cd, I Cor. xiv. 3. " He that prophefieth, 
•' fpeaketh unto men, to edification, and 
" exhortation, and comfort." Indeed great 
part of this chapter is excellently employed 
in fetting forth gofpel-miniftry, and the 
Chriftian liberty all have to exercife a right 
call thereunto. But let it be obferved, the 
daughters were to be engaged therein, as 
well as the fons, by gofpei law and rule ; 
which was accordingly allowed and praflifed 
in the apoftolic church. But where the 
learning and wifdom of man hath been in- 
troduced in the place of gofpel-miniftry, it 
has, direftly contrary to Chriilian liberty, 
wholly excluded women therefrom. What 
pride and arrogance muft I'ach men have, 
who exclude all from the miniitry but chem- 
felves, for filthy lucre's fake! afluming to 

K them- 

* Jcel ii. 2^, 

4'6 Qntht True and Falfe Mini/iry, 

rhemfelves the name clergy, calling others 
laity; a diftinftion the true church and the 
holy fcriptures arc ftrangers to, which fay, 
I Pet» iv. lo, II. '* As every man hath re- 
^' ceived the gift, even fo minifter the fame 
*' one to another, as good ftewards of the 
*' manifold grace of God. If any man. 
*^ fpeak, let him fpeak as the oracles of 
*' God: if any man minifter, let him do it 
*' as of the ability which God giveth: that 
*' God* in all things may be glori^^ed 
'' through Jefus Chrift." 

Here is the* precious com^fortable language 
of truth indeed, and perfedl gofpel liberty, 
which excludes none wdio have received a 
^ift; that is, who are immediately called of 
God thereunto, as was Aaron.* Exod. 
xxviii. I Chron. xxiii. 13. IJiews at large 
how Aaron was called, and, with his poile- 
rity, I'eparated by the immediate appoint- 
ment of God himfelf. The manner of their 
qualification, and how they ihould condu(5l 
rhemfelves in the prieft's ofBce during that 
diipenfation, are all recorded with that exacft 
clearnefs and puncftuality, always ufed by 
the Almighty towards his poor dependant 
creature man, w^hen he is pleafed to enjoin 
him the obfcrvance of any law or ordinance. 
Therefore no man ought to receive any thing 
'.\^ an ordhiance of God, unlcfs'it appears 
indifputably clear that he has comnianded 
k; nor yet receive thofe mtn who have en- 

* Hebiews w 4. 

On the True and Falfe Mmj/lrf. (xf. 

grolTed the minillry to themielves, unlefs 
diev appear to have- better authority for. 
their undertaking, than their being taught 
by human means at Ichools a:icl colleges, 

But, alas! the powers of the earth enable 
many fuch to take the fleece, whether they- 
feed the flock or no: having learned this 
trade, they appear as anxious how to make 
the moft of it as any others. If any refufe 
to receive theih as the Lord's ambaffiidors^,j 
and conicientiouily forbear putting into their 
mouths, the ufoal method lias bpen to cali 
to the magiUrate, Help', help!; <tnd to pre-*^ 
pare war agai nil fuch. But through t lie. 
breaking forth and arifmg of the Light, of 
Truth, they have it not in their power to 
inake fuch drudges of magiftrates in general 
as heretofore. , Neither do 1 think the gene- 
rality are lb much inclined to periecutiori' 
themfelves, efpecially among Protellants, as 
in time paft; but do really believe many or 
moll of them abhor the feverell part of it, 
and are men of moderate principles. Their 
greateil unhappinefs feems t;o be that of fuf- 
fering interell to blind their eyes^ and that 
it is fo much for their outward advantage ta 
keep mankind from receiving the true Light, 
which enlightcneth every man ^hat corneth 
into the world, ^ left their craft ihoald be 
endangered by the ai:i(i,ng thereof. So here 
the bluid l.ea,d the blmd,'|' which expoics 
both to the utmoft hazard ; yet llich leader;^ 

^ John i. 9, ^ Matt. xiy. j;, 

68 On the True and Falfe Miniflry. 

frequently defpife and deride thofe, who, 
from the conftraining power and love of 
God, teftify againft their blindnefs; to 
whom the anfwer of our Lord to the learned 
Rabbles amongft the Jews may not be un- 
applicable: *' And fome of the Pharifees 
*' which were with him heard thefe words, 
•* and faid unto him, Are we blind alfo? 
*' Jefus faid unto them, If ye were blind, 
** ye fhould have no fin : but now ye fay 
** we fee ; therefore your fin remaineth.*" 

Where men have fufiFered themfelves to be 
fwayed by intereft to embrace a profitable 
craft whereby they get wealth, they have 
frequently been found very hot and fierce in 
fupporting the fame, endeavouring to fup- 
prefs whatever hath rifen up againft it* 
Hence the experience of many generations 
can teftify, that after preaching became a 
gainful trade to get money and worldly ho- 
nour by, the clergy (fo called) have been al- 
ways the greateft ftirrers up of force upon 
confcience, and perfecution, for difi^ering 
from them in religion ; for which they have 
not the leaft ftiadow of example or precept^ 
cither from Chrift or his apoftles. But all 
that his minifters were allowed to do, with 
refpedl to fuch as would not receive them 
and their doctrine, was to fhake off the duft 
from their feet, as a teftimony againft them. 
Thefe had received the gift of the minlftry 
from Chrift; they had it without money 

* John IX. 40. 

On the True and Falfe Mini/I rj. 69 

and without price, ** Freely ye have receiv- 
" ed, freely give.*'* But mercenary preach- 
ers do not receive their Miniftry freely j for 
they alledge, it is attended with great chai'ge 
to be properly qualified for it ; and therefore 
they muft make an intereft of it again, or 
they fhould be great lofers. The plain truth 
is, they do not receive their miniftry from 
Jefus Chrift; neither can they produce any 
evidence to prove that they have received a 
commiffion from him for what they take 
upon them. Their ufing the words of 
Chrift and his apoftles affords them no au- 
thority from him; for the very worft of 
men, yea the devils themfelves, may do the 
fame. Oh ! what pity it is they fliould pre- 
tend to be fent of God, ambafladors of 
Chrift, and the apoftles fucceflbrs! when 
they really are fo manifeftly unlike him and 
them ; and have evidently the marks ,of the 
ialfe prophets and hirelings we read of in 
the holy fcriptures, as hatli been fully prov-^ 
ed againft them by authors of good account. 
Now let us take notice what Paul the great 
apoftle of the Gentiles faith upon this ilib- 
je<5t, "Not that we are fufhcient of ourfelves 
*' to think any thing as of ourfelves; but 
*' our fufficiency is of God: who alfb hath 
*' made us able minifters of the New" Tefta- 
** ment, not of the letcer, but of the fpn^it: 
*' for the letter killeth, but the fpirit giveth 
** life.f" This plainly fheweth, that mini- 

*Matt. X. S. t 2 Cor. ili.-5., d. 

JO On the True and Falje M'miftry, 

fters in the gofpel-times were to convey the 
quickening fpirit of living and heavenly 
virtue to mankind ; agreeable to Matt, xxviii. 
19. "Go ye therefore and teach all nations, 
•* baptizing them in (or into) the name of 
** the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
** Holy Gholl." Verfe 20. " Lo, I am 
" with you always to the end of the world." 
That this bapcizing-teaching with the Holy 
Ghoft was that pradlifed in the primitive 
church, appears by many paifages in holy 
writ; particularly Ads x. 44. " While 
*' Peter fpake thefe words, the Holy Gho(t 
** fell on all them which heard the w^ord." 
Chap. xi. ver. 15^ 16. " And (faid Peter) as 
•' I began to fr Cak, the Holy Ghoft fell oix 
** them^ as on us at the beginning. Then 
** remembered I the word of the Lord, how 
** that he faid, John indeed baptized with 
*' water; but ye fhall be baptized with the 
*' Holy Ghoft." And feeing the difpenfa-^ 
tion of God to man is the very fame now as 
it was then, mankind as much involved in 
lin, and eftrangcd from God as they were 
then, and the Lord hath gracioufly promiA 
ed to be with his minifters always to the end 
of the world, no good reafons can pofiibly 
be given, why the lame powerful efficacious 
means are not now as efTentially neceilary 
for man's recovery, as at that time. There 
can be no ground for a denial of this truth, 
unlels a confciouiiieis in fome that they have 
not the uirilUnce oi' the fpirit in their mini- 


On the True and Falfe Minijlry, yr 

ftry; therefore it feems for their interefl, 
and for the niaintaining of their credit, to 
perfuade mankind there is no fuch thing to 
be attained now. This, with many other 
inftances which might be produced, plainly 
fhews them to be no other than minifters of 
the letter; and that, we read, only kills^ 
when the quickening fpirit doth not accom- 
paily the preaching of it. 

Very judicious are the diflincflions made 
by William Dell (in his Trial of Spirits both 
in teachers and hearers) between minifters 
©f the iettter, and minifters of the ipirit; 
he being himfelf a man of literature, and 
"w^ell acquainted with the nature of univerfity 
education, as he was mafter of Gonville and 
Caius college in Cambridge. I Ihall juft 
make a few quotations from him, and re- 
commend that tracFt, and his excellent trea- 
tife on baptifm, &c. to the reader's ferious 

" And firft, let me note an objeftion, viz. 
*' but . fome will objecl here. If a man 
*' preach the word in the letter, even good, 
*' found, and orthodox doctrine^ no doubt 
*' but fuch a man is to be heard, and he 
may do much good in the church, tho' 
he want Chrift's fpirit: This (faith he) I 
have heard from very many who have 
thought they havcfaid fomething. But to 
this 1 anfwer, That they who wantChrift's 
fpirit, v/liich is the fpirit of prophecy, 
tho' they preach the exacS: letter of the 

'' word, 


72 On the True and Falfe Mlnifiry, 

** word, yet are falfe prophets, and not tb 

" be heard by the flieep. Again, They that 

'^ preach only the outward letter of the 

*' word without the fpirit, make all things 

** outward in the church: whereas in the 

'' true kingdom of Chrift all things are in- 

" ward and fpiritual, and all the true reli- 

'* gion of Chrifl is written in the foul and 

fpirit of man by the fpirit of God ; and 

the Believer is the only book in which 

** God himfelf writes his New Tcftament." 

He further faith, " They that preach the 

•' outward letter without the fpirit, can, 

*' notwithftanding that, both live themfelves 

** in all the inward evils of corrupted na- 

** ture, and allow others to do fo too. 

*' Wherefore, to conclude (faith he) let us 

*' know that that church that hath the 

** word, if it wants the fpirit, is antichrift's 

** church ; and that miniftry that ufeth the 

** word, and wants the fpirit, is antichrift's 

*' miniftry; and that all works, duties, 

*' prayings, preachings, faftings, thankf- 

*' givings, &c. v^^ithout Chrift's fpirit, are 

*' nothing but the very kingdom of anti- 

*' chrift, and the abomination of defolationr 

Thus far Deli. — Uh ! of what importance it 

is for mankind, of every denomination as 

to religion (ours as well as others) deeply to 

ponder thefe weighty oblervations in their 

hearts, efpecially the laft. Upon that of 

Paul, Rom. x. 15. Hoiv JJjall they preachy 

c-xcept they he Jent? Deli farther obierves 


On the True and Falfe Minijlry. 73 

thus, viz. " So that true preaching, comes 
'' from true fending, and this comes from 
*' the Grace of God/' Not, fay I, from 
the fending of univerfities, bifhops, prefby« 
ters, or any other man or fet of men what- 
ever, or from man's intruding himfelf there- 
into in his own will without a proper call ; 
fcut from the conftraining power of the ever- 
lafting w^ord of God laying a necefllty, as 
expreffed by Paul, j. Cor. ix. 16. ^' For tho' 
" I preach the gofpel, I have nothing to 
*' glory of: for neceility is laid upon me^ 
*' yea, woe is unto me if I preach not the 
'' gofpel." 

It is of the utmoft confequence, towards 
promoting truth and righteoufhefs upon the 
earth, that the miniftry be preferved accord^ 
ing to its original inftitution, viz. under the 
immediate diredlion of the eternal word of 
God, fpeaking as the oracles of God, It is^ 
properly God's fpeaking by his inftruments 
to the children of men, fuch things as he 
the fearcher of hearts knows they (land iu 
need of; at the fame time opening the hearted 
of them to whom it belongs to receive the 
dodlrine. Nothing but the unparallelled 
love and power of Chrift can bring forth 
and fupport fuch a miniftry. It is in the 
nature of things impolTible that thofe, io 
exercifed therein, can have iinifter views ot 
making temporal advantage to themfelves 
thereby. Wherever that appears, we may 



74 On the True and Falfe Minijiry. 

be afTured tlie Lord liath not fenc them; 
and therefore they cannot profit the people 
at all. 

Man fliould be fo far from proceeding up- 
on corrupt motives, for outward gam or 
advantage, in this important work, that 
even tho' good- will to mankind, flowing 
from the love of God flied abroad in the 
heart, in which llrong defires may arife to 
do good, free from lucrative views of all 
kinds, and much beautiful gofpel-dodlrine 
alfo may open very fuitable, as the party 
may think, for the help and edification of 
his or her fellow- mortals, yet all this is not 
fufKcient to proceed vipon, without the call 
and real gift in this fo aw^ful an undertak- 
ing; it being no more at beft than the 
natural confequence of the operation of that 
pure love in the faints minds, even in fuch 
as never had a call to the miniftry : yet to 
fome thefe blefTed operations, influences, 
and openings, may be given, in order to 
prepare them for that work which they 
fliould v^ait patiently under, until the full 
time comes : this will be clearly ieen, as the 
eye is Angle. But there is great caufe to be- 
lieve fome have launched out upon this 
foundation only-, in the beginning of their 
public appearances, whereby they have in a 
forrowful manner brought darknefs upon 
thcmfeives, and Ibmetmies on others; hav- 
ing proved only minifters of the letter, tho' 
perhaps pretending much to have the im- 



On the True and Falfe Miniflry. 75 

ptilfes of the fpirit. Thefe have been in- 
llruments of much anxiety and diftrefs to 
the true church, who can favour nothing 
with dehght, but that which comes from 
the power of the word of hfe. 

It may be difficult to bring true judgment, 
over fuch, in the prefent low ftate of things ; 
efpecially when there has been a fair outiide, 
and nothing to blame in their morals. But 
it hath fallen out, that there has 
been fomething permitted to manifeft the 
unfoundnefs of fuch, and thereby to relieve 
the painful futferers vmder the blading wind 
of fiich mini dry, 

Inconliderate weak perfons have intruded 
themfelves into this great work; who not 
duly waiting for judgment to try the fpirits, 
and what prefents to their minds, have been 
beguiled by transformations to go out in a 
falfe heat; and for want of the holy dread 
and fear upon their hearts, they have catch- 
ed hold of the gofpel liberty again reflored, 
(which muft be preferved open, left the Ho- 
ly Spirit be qvienched) viz. that all who are 
called to the work of the miniftry, whether 
male or female, may prophefy or preach one 
by one, that all may be edified.* 

It has been a painful fuffering cafe to liv- 
ing members in fbme places, when they have 
feen that both the matter and manner of 
fome could have no other tendency than to 
expofe themfelves, and burden the religious 

I Cor. 14. 3i;> 

y6 On the True and Falfe Minljiry. 

fociety, who fuffered fuch to affume an 
ofEce for which they were no ways quaUfied. 
Certainly the church hath power to order 
and regulate her own members ; and doubt*- 
lefs flie may wholly refufe and reje6l a mi- 
niftry, which, upon trial, flie has in truth 
no unity with; and even fubftantial mem- 
bers in their private capacity, who have 
flood their ground well, and have large ex- 
perience of the Lord's dealings, whether 
minifters or others, ought, in reafon and 
the nature of things, to have great weight 
with fuch who have not yet made full proof 
of their miniftry, nor giveni fatisfacftion to 
their friends in general, as well as to them- 
felves, and perhaps a few others of little 
judgment. Neither ought any to go abroad 
to exercife their miniftry, until they know 
there, is a general fatisfaftion at home there- 
with; not even to adjacent meetings. Some 
fuch have been very pofitive and refolute, 
hard to be convinced of their miftakes, and 
cenforious upon thofe of deeper experience, 
but too much like that fign of great depra- 
vity fet forth by Ifa. iii. 5. *' The child 
♦' ftiall behave himfelf proudly againft the 
*' ancient, and the bafe againft the honour- 
^' able" 

Great order and decency is to be preferv- 
ed in the church of God, efpecially among 
the leading members, as way-marks to all. 
The reafon and nature of the thing demands 
a proper regard and preference to age, gifts, 


On the True and FaJfe Miniftry, 77 

growth, and experience; which will be al- 
ways ftri(!^ly obferved and paid by thofe of 
right fpirits. When it is otherwife, it is a 
fure token of a falfe birth, and that perni- 
cious felf is not flain. Where that pre- 
dominates, it cannot fail of mixing with 
their religious fervices. 

That the hearers have a right to judge, 
appears from i Cor. xiv. 29. " Let the pro- 
*' phets fpeak two or three, and let the other 
*' judge." Therefore it is very prefuming 
for any to take upon them the fole right of 
fpeaking and judging too; or to impofe that 
upon an auditory or church, which they are 
not edified with, nor believe to proceed from 
the right fpring ; for the word preached doth 
not profit, unlefs it be mixed with faith in 
thofe that hear it. 

I know no way to evade the force and 
weight of w^hat is above obferved, unlefs it 
be fuppofed the auditory in general are fo 
void of fpiritual underftanding, as not to be 
capable of judging; which would difcover 
great uncharitablenefs, and favour too much 
of arrogance. I am fully perfuaded, if mi- 
niftry doth not reach the Divine Witnefs in 
the hearts of the hearers, and caufe them 
to aiTent thereunto in fome meafure, it will 
never profit them. The right minifters have 
a witnefs to the truth of their miniftry in 
the minds of even ^ the rebellious ; how 
much more fo then in thofe of the honeft- 
hearted ? ^ 


jS On the True and Falfe Minijlry. 

The danger which there is reafon to ap- 
prehend from the low, languid, nnfl^ilful 
ftate of many in our fociety, hath induced 
me (and feeling my mind in degree warmed 
thereunto) to write the more clofely concern- 
ing the nature and pernicious confequence 
of a falfe miniftry; being fully perfuaded, 
that the more formal and fuperficial we as a 
people become, the more abundant danger 
there is of fuch a miniftry riling, and find- 
ing encouragement to grow and prevail ; for 
the lifelefs, formal profeJGTors had rather have 
almoft any kind of miniftry than all filence. 
And on the other hand, a right miniftry 
cannot have a free courfe, nor be exaked, 
where there is nothing but worldly fpirits, 
clothed with a form of religion. But true 
minifters muft be like the holy prophet 
Ezekiel: *' And I will make thy tongue 
*' cleave to the roof of thy mouth, that 
^' thou flialt be dumb, and ihalt not be to 
*' them a reprover; for they are a rebellious 
*' houfe.-'^" And, '' The prudejit Ihall 
*' keep filence in that time.f " 

Having made Ibme remarks upon the 
falfe, as well as the forward and unlkilful 
miniftry, which, tho' plain and clole, 1 hope 
will adminifter no hurt or difcouragement 
to any truly concerned in this important 
work, they may (if duly oblerved) be leflTons 
of caution and inftrudlion to thole for whom 
thev are intended ; and I hope alfb a ftrength 

* Chap. ill. 26. f Amos v. 13. 

On the True and Falje Mihiflry. 79 

to the painfully exercifed under the caufes 
of uneaiinefs given by ufkilful intruders 
into the work, whether through weaknefs or 
wilfulnefs, that they may not be flack in 
their endeavours to regulate the fame by 
plain-dealing, yet with true judgment, love, 
and tendernefs; alljuftly applied where they 
feverally belong. Their talk may fometimes 
be heavy and difcouraging, as it is hard to 
tarn thofe who have taken a wrong courfe, 
and imagine themfelves right, when it is 
really other wife ; for thofe have been obferv- 
ed to be the moft pofitive of any of their 
pretended fight and fenfe, yet let the weight 
of the ienfe of truth, which is ftrongefl of 
all, be laid upon them from time to time, 
that the church may not fufFer hurt and lofs 
by the omiffion of its fenfible members; 
which cannot fail of weakening and hinder- 
ing the growth of fuch members alfo in an 
individual capacity. I know it muft be 
thofe alive in the truth, of good underftand- 
ing and judgment therein (and no other) 
that are qualiiied to help and direcl thofe 
who have miifed their way in a religious 
fenfe; agreeable to Gal. vi. i. " Brethren, 
*' if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye 
•' which are fpiritual reftore fuch an one in 
*' the fpirit of meeknefs; confidering thy- 
*' felf, left thou alfo be tempted;'* and not 
the captious, critical, worldly-wife; for 
they have nothing to do to ad in the church 
of Chrift, until they are firft {iibjeded to 
and taught of the Lord themlclves. 

So On the True and Falfe Minijlry, 

The main point, in my apprehenfion, is 
to be able to form a true judgment of the 
fource or fpring from whence miniftry pro- 
ceeds; and if found to be right in the 
ground, a great deal of tendernefs is to be 
ufed, and much childiili weaknefs is to be 
patiently borne with. For altho' fome 
through fear, and a deep fenfe of the weight 
of fo important an undertaking, may (at 
firft) fpeak very ftammeringly, and with 
confiderable perturbation, yet the fweet 
efficacy of the quickening powerful fpirit, 
which is felt with them in their fervice (by 
thofe who are circumcifed in heart and ear) 
far exceeds the fined eloquence without it. 
Such fhould be prudently encouraged, yet 
fufFered to feel their own feet. There are 
but few children, however hopeful, that 
can bear much nurfing and applaufe. Oh! 
the great hurt which hath been done by the 
forward afFedlionate part in fome, labouring 
to bring forth divers before the right time, 
and by pufliing on others too faft, who in 
their beginning were lively and very hope- 
ful, to their great hurt and lofs. Oh! then, 
what caution and care ftiould be exercifed, 
clearly to fee in the true light what to lay 
hold of, and what to difcourage in this ini- 
portant refpedl. 

I now intend to conclude this head with 
fome plain honeft hints, which have arifeh 
from mine own experience and obfervation 
concerning the true miniftry, as it hath 


On the True dnd Falfe Miniflrjr, ii 

been reftored again through divine mere/ 
for about this latt hundred years, in greater 
limpUcity and purity than has been known 
(as I apprehend) fince the apoftles days^ 
This hath not been conduced with the in- 
ticing words of man's tvifdom, but in fuch 
a demonftration of tlie fpirit and power of 
God, as hath (tho' much defpifed by the 
learned Rabbies) been a great blelling to 
this and other nations ; many thoufands 
having been thereby turned to Chrift their 
true and faving teacher, whom they embrac- 
ed joyfully, as the alone beloved of their 
fouls. A great number of churches were 
gathered to fit down as under the Ihadow of 
the wings of the prince of peace- Great 
■was the Lord their God in the midft of 
them; their minifters v\rere cloatlied with 
falvation, and their feet fliod with the pre- 
paration of the gofpel of peace. Many then 
ran to and fro, and the true knowledge of 
God vs^as increafed. The Lord gave the 
word, and many, both , male and female, 
were the publifhers of it. And through di-* 
vine mercy it may yet be faid (tho' the de- 
clenfion in praiflice is great in many) that 
there is a coniiderable body preferved, to 
bear the ark of the tcftimony of the Lord 
their God as upon their Ihoulders, in the 
fight of the people, with their feet as in the 
bottom of Jordan; and a living pow^erful 
miniftry is yet continued, tho' far iliort of 
the number formerly engaged in that work^ 

82 0)1 the True and Falfe Mini/Iry. 

For many have grown up amongft us, who 
became more fuperficial and eafy about pof- 
feffing the fubflance of religion than their 
anceftors were. Such have relied too much 
on the miniftry, and have not profited in 
religion thereby. But they have greatly 
declined in pradlice, under abundant favours 
of this kind, the miniftry becoming to ma- 
ny as a pleafant fong. They hear the words 
with pleafure, but do them not ; their heart 
going Hill after their covetoufnefs of one 
kind or another. Therefore the Lord hath 
feen meet to. ftrip the fociety very much in 
that refpedl; and alfo to engage many of 
thofe who are true minifters, frequently to 
lead the people, by example, into filence. 
OJ bleffed will all thofe fervants be, who are 
preferved, difcerningly and with Drue judg- 
ment, to adminifter proper food, and that 
in due feafon, whether in filence or words, 
doing or fuffering with and for Chrift! 
Which doubtlefs'all Vvill, who look with a 
fmgle eye to "God's honour above all things, 
attending upon the gift received, which in 
its operations and requirings is felf-evident. 
None that wait aright upon God will ever be 
confounded; that belongs to Babylon; but 
peace and infallible certainty is known 
through all the borders of Sion. Every one 
who knows Jerufalem a quiet habitation, is 
at no lofs to underftand his proper allotment 
of fervice therein, unlefs he falls into the 
conferring with flelh and blood j then he 


On the Tfiic and Falfe Minijlry, 83 

comes to the confufion and uncertainty, 
wherein he may fret and toil in vain. But 
in the holy awful ftill waiting upon God in 
a fanftified heart, which is the temple 
wherein Chrift dwells, and our houfe of 
prayer, there Satan can never come to de- 
ceive us, or to endanger our fafety. 


Containing Brief Obfervations upon the 
Nature and Usefulness of Chris- 
.xiAN Discipline. 

UPON all the glory fhall be a defence. 
That God intended to eftablifh an 

excellent government, order, and difcipline 
in the church, under the gofpel difpenfation, 
appears from divers pafTages of the prophets 
in the Old Teftament, who faw into and 
wonderfully defcribed the chriftian ftate; a 
few of which I fliall inftance. Ifaiah xxxii. 
I. ** Behold a king fhall reign in righteouf- 
^* nefs, ^d princes fliall rule in judgment." 
Chap, xxxiii, 5, 6. " The Lord is exalted: 
"for he dwelleth on high, he hath filled 
*' Zion with jvidgment and righteoufnefs ; 
** and wifdom and knowledge fhall be the 
•* ftability of thy times, and ftrength of 
** falvation." Chap, xxviii. 5, 6. '* Jn that 
** day fhall the Lord of hofts be for a crown 

^' o£ 

§4 On the Nature and UJefnlnefs 

" of glory, and for a diadetn of beauty 
^' iV^to the refidue of his people: and for a 
^' fpirit of judgment to him that fitteth in 
^' judgment, and for ftrength to them that 
-^' turn the battle to the gate." Our Lord 
and Saviovir Jefus Chrift, Matt, xviii. 15, 
16, 17, 18. clearly direcfts his followers how 
to proceed in the exercife of difcipline and 
good order, both wath refpe(5l to individuals, 
and to the church ; he allured them, that 
whatfoever of this kind is done under divine 
direction upon earth, fhall be ratified and 
confirmed in heaven. Chap. xix. 28. he pro- 
mifes fuch who have followed him in the 
regeneratioii, that they fhall be exalted in 
his kingdom, fitting upon thrones to judge 
and govern his people. We find among the 
eminent gifts of the fpirit, Paul reckons 
helps in government^ i Cor. xii. 28. In chap, 
the 5th, he blames that church very highly 
for their neglepl of pradifing found judg- 
pient in the way of difcipline, fhewing thern 
the neceffity of putting thofe guilty of corr- 
rupt pradliees out of the community, left 
as a. leaven they fhoiild aff^<n: the whole 
lump. Verfe 11, he points out how unfafe 
it was for the Lord's people to have any fo- 
ciety w4th the workers of iniquity. Verfe 
12 and 13, that it is the church's duty to 
judge thofe that are within, viz. her own 
members, leaving the judging pf thofe that 
are without to God. In chap, the 6th, he 
blames them as fharply for goings law one 


of Chrlflian BiJdpVtne. Sf 

with another before the iinjuft, fhewing that 
it would have been better they had fulFered 
themfelves to have been defrauded, and that 
every matter of difference or controverfy 
{hould be judged and determined by the 
church, in regard to its own members. 

• A rehgious fociety, gathered by God's 
power, who have received diverfities of gifts 
^nd quahfications, are confidered as a body 
properly tempered by their holy head (who 
is perfect in wifdom) that it may well exifl 
by pure laws, rules, and comely orders, 
both within and without 5 for the maintain- 
ing whereof every member hath its proper 
office and ftation wherein it is^to adi, yet 
only by the guidance of the Holy Head^ who is 
known ever to prelide. over his hiimble de- 
pendent people, a prefent help in the ueed- 
ful time, fupplying all their wants, as they 
wait his time. 

^.-Pertinent to this is Eph. iv. 15, 16. *' But 
f' fpeaking the truth in love, may grow up 

* • into him in all things^ which is the head, 
^' even Chrift, from whom the v/hole body 

fitly joined together, and c(&mpa(5led by 
that which every joint fupplieth, accord- 
ing to the effedlual working in themeafuxe 
of every part, maketh increafe of the bo- 
dy, unto the edifying of itfelf in love." 
The apoftle, in i Cor. xii. with great 
ftrength of reafon and perfpicuity, Iheweth 
the diverfities of gifts, differences of admi- 
niftrations and operation?, all by the fame 




86 On the Nature and XJfefuhiefs < 

fplrit, who worketh in all as he will ; that 
notwithftanding this variety, all, and of 
all forts, are baptized into one body, and 
made to drink into one fpirit ; he fays, verfe 
14. *' For the body is not one member, 
*' but many;'* and flieweth they are all ufe- 
ful to and dependent upon one another, 
therefore none have a right to apprehend 
fuch a felf-fufEciency, as to be independent 
of other members; nay, that thofe members 
af the body, which feem to be more feeble, 
are ufeful. The near union, harmony, and 
fympathy of this glorious body, is let forth 
in verfe 26. " And whether one member 
** fuffer, all the members fuffer with it; or 
"one member be honoured, all the mem- 
*' bers rejoice with it," 

For brevity's fake, I forbear at prefent 
making more quotations on this lubje(5t. 
Thefe are fuiEcient to demonftrate fully the 
ftrong obligation all baptized members arc 
under, rightly to underftand their places in 
the body, and to come up in a faithful dif- 
charge of their duty therein, as in the fight 
of God, to whom they muft be accountable. 
And it likewife appears that every member, 
entered as fuch by his or her voluntary con- 
fent, is ftridlly bound to keep and maintain 
the eftablilhed rules of that body ; the breach 
of which not only renders him or her guilty 
in God's fight, but alfo accountable to the 
body. It alfo behoves this body, imme- 
■diately upon the tranlgreffion of its rules 


of Chrijiian Difcipline, 87 

and orders, to exert itfelf in dealing with 
tranfgreflbrs, and to adminifter found judg- 
ment, in order to reftore them; or, on 
failure of fuccefs in that, to difown or re- 
fufe to have unity with fuch, and to let the 
world know they are not of their body; 
that the. reputation thereof may be preferved 
amongft thofe which are without, as well as 
for its own peace and fafety within; feeing 
by a negledl hereof, others may be infedled 
by the corrupt member, and his evil may 
fpread in the body like a leprofy ; but that 
which is the mod affecting, the Lord may 
be provoked to withdraw from that body 
which negledls the exercife of true judgment 
againfl evil ; as in the cafe of Achan, Jofhua 
vii, and alfo that of the tribe of Benjamin^ 
Judges xix and xx. 

It is too obvious to be denied, that the 
profeflbrs of chriftianity, by lofing the pow-> 
^ and life of religion, loft the true fpirit of 
difciplii;e and good order in their churches. 
Inftead of which, they have fubftituted rules, 
orders, and canons, &c, of their own in- 
vention, principally calculated to fupport 
that power by which the clergy (fo called) 
got their wealth, and by which they have 
procured them to be enforced where they 
judged neceffary by human law. The pre- 
fent ftate of church government appears to 
be truly deplorable, amongft mofl of the 
divided parts of chriftian profeiTors tl>at I 
know of; confequently they, are, in a very 


88 On, the Nature and Ufefulne/s 

corrupted ftate, greatly lacking that judg- 
ment and righteoufnefs which was to fill Si^ 
on, and the wifdom and knowledge which 
was predided would be the liability of her 

Cave and King, in their primitive chrif- 
tianity, clearly fliew, from the writings of 
many of the ancients, particularly for the 
firft three hundred years after Chrift, that 
much care and zeal were maintained to pre- 
serve the church clean and pure by a whole- 
fome difcipline. 

King fliews, that not only the teachers, 
but the whole church were concerned and 
adlive in dealing with, receiving fatisfadlion 
from, or finally cenfuring people in com- 
mon ; and alfo that no teachers were fet over 
them, but only fuch as the whole church 
unanimoufly agreed to receive ; and that the 
common people, generally called laity, were 
equally concerned with others in depofing 
and cenfuring minifta:'s, when they ceafed 
to have unity with them, page 22 to 25, 
and page 112, 116. He and Cave, from 
Tertullian, both fhew, that the manner of 
the primitives in giving judgment on fuch 
accounts was very weighty and folemn. 
*' As amongil thofe that are fure that God 
*' beholds what they do (fays TertulHan) 
*' this is one of the higheft preludlums and 
*' forerunners of the judgment. to come, 
•* when the delinquent is baniflied from the 
*' communion,'* Sec. p, 120. , 


of Chrijlian Difciplifie, 89 

Athenagoras told the emperors, that no 
chriftiaa could be a bad man, imlefs he was 
an hypocrite; and Tertullian openly de- 
clares, that when njien depart from the dif- 
cipline of the gofpel, they fo far ceafe 
amongft us to be accounted chriftians. 
Cave, page 95- \ 

When at any time invited to public fo- 
lemnities, as marriages and the like, the 
prudence of the church thought fit to lay 
reftraints upon them, and to forbid them 
light and ludicrous adlions, as leaping and 
dancing ; but that they fhould dine and fup 
gravely and modeftly, as becomes chriflians; 
for which he quotes a council of Laodicea, 
2d part, p. 73. ... 

They took notice of all offences againfl: 
the chriftian law, any vice or immorality 
that was either public in itfelf, or rnade 
known and made good to the church. For 
(fays Cave) the holy and good chriflians of 
thofe times were infinitely careful to keep 
the honour of their religion unfpotted, to 
ftifie every fin in its birth, and by bringing 
offenders to public fliame and penalty, to 
keep them from propagating the malignant 
influence of a bad example. For this reafba 
they watched over one another, told them 
privately of their faults and failures^ and 
when that would not do, brought them be- 
fore the cognizance of the church. It i^ 
needlefs (fays he) to recko.n up particular 
crimes, when none were fpared. Cave '3d 

N parti 

%)6 On ffje Nature md Vfcfuhefs 

part, p. 406. Agreeable to the nature and 
con'ftitution of the church, which as it 
tranfadls only in fpiritual mattei's, ib it 
could inflicl no other than fpiritual cenfures 
and chaftifements, p. 408. The common 
and {landing penalty they made ufe of was 
excommunication, or fufpenfion from com- 
munion with the church; the cutting off 
and caftingrout an offending perfon, an in- 
fecled member; till by repentance and whole- 
fome difcipllne he was cured and reftored ; 
ftnd then he was re- admitted into church 
fociety, p. 410. 

Cave relates, upon the authority of Julius 
Caefar, that this manner of difcipline was 
commonly praflifed amongft the ancient 
Druids, who, when any of the people be- 
came irregular and diforderly, they prefently 
fufpended them from their facrifices; and 
thofe thvTS fufpended were accounted in the 
number of the moft impious and execrable 
perfons : all men flood off from them, fliun- 
ned their company and converfe as an in- 
fection and plague, p. 41 1. 

Penitents, before they were received into 
unity, made open confeiTion of their faults ; 
this being accounted the very fpring of re- 
pentance, and without which they concluded 
it could not be real. '' Out of confeffion 
*' (fays Tertuliian) is born repentance, and 
" by repentance God is pacified;" and 
therefore without this neither riches nor ho- 
nour would procure any admiflion into the 


of Chrijiian Difciplhk. 9I 

fhurch: a remarkable inftance whereof was 
in the emperor Theodofius the Great, who, 
for his bloody and barbarous flaughter of 
the Theffalonians,. was by Ambrofe biPxiop 
of Milan fufpended, brought to public con- 
feffion, and forced to undergo a fevere courfe 
pf penance for eight months together; at 
length, after he had palfed through abun-' 
dance of forrow, with tears and great la-^ 
mentation for his fin, he was admitted into 
fellowihlp again, p. 418, 419. Sq wifely 
(fays Cave) did the prudence a,nd piety of 
thofe times deal with oflendert?, neither let- 
ting the reins fo loofe, as to patronize pre- 
•^lumption, or encourage any to fin; nor ye^ 
holding them fo ftrait, as to drjve mea into 
defpair, p. 429. 

Very forward .and acllve have profeffors 
been, and ftill are, in heaping up ofte rings, 
by performing what they call religious du- 
ties, whilit practical virtue has been fliame- 
fully neglected. Multitudes profelTing faith 
in Chrill, and accounted members of his 
church, are fufFered to remain without con-? 
troul or rebuke in various fins and polluti- 
ons, to the great fcandal of the chriftian 
name; fo that it "may be faid iniquity runs 
down amongit them like a mighty ilream or 
torrent, carrying all in a manner before it. 
What painful apprehenfions muft fill the 
minds of thoughtful parents refpedting their 
offspring, when, morally fpeaking, no 
9ther qan b^ exped;ed th^n t|ia.t they will b^ 


9* On the Nature and Vfefubiejs^ 

carried away thereby to everlafling deftruG- 
tion! Oh! that it were rightly confidered by 
all chriftian profeffors, that obedience is bet- 
ter than facrifices or offerings, and to heark- 
en unto the voice of God, in putting away 
the evil of their doings from before his eyes, 
is better than the fat of rams. To what 
purpofe is the multitude of their facrifices or 
offermgs, whilft the moft weighty matters 
of the law of God are negle6led ? viz. judg- 
ment, mercy, and faith; even that faith 
which is produftive of good works. Let 
them carefully ponder in their hearts what 
the Lord by his prophet hath declared, 
Amos V. 21, 32, 23, 24. " I hate, 1 defpife 
*' your feafl-days, and I will not fmell in 
•' your folemn affemblies. Tho' ye offer 
*' me burnt-offerings, and your meat-offer- 
*' ings, I will not accept them: neither will 
*' I regard the peace-offerings of your fat 
*' beads. Take thou away from me the 
*' noife of thy fongs, for I will not hear the 
*' melody of thy viols. But let judgment 
*' run down as waters, and righteoufnefs as 
*' a mighty ftream." Man is apt to begin 
at the wrong end, or where he fhould finifh ; 
prefuming to perform worihip and fervice to 
his Maker before he is in a fit condition to 
be accepted; as a Being of infinite parity 
will not fo much as look towaids him in 
that i^nic^ whilft he hath any fellowlhip 
with the unfruitful works of darknefs, qi- 
tthex in l;im(clf or others. For the Lord wiU 


of Gbrijltan Difciplhte, 93 

1>e fandlified in all them that come nigh 
him. He is of purer eyes than to behold 
iniquity with any aflent or approbation. 
The contrary of which would be implied, 
if man was fufFered to prefent his offerings 
"whillt in a defiled ftate. The fame that I 
have here faid concerning the acceptance or 
non-acceptance of individuals, is true, and 
will hold good, in regard to churches, and 
countries or nations. Oh, then ! how great- 
ly it behoves all who would Hand approved 
in God's fight, to exert their utmofl care 
and diligence in judging, condemning, and 
fupprefllng evil of all kinds, fir ft in them- 
felves, and then in every branch of the 
community, as far as lies in their power. 

I Ihall now proceed to ihe\^, that when 
the Lord was pleafed to reftore chriftianlty 
in its primitive purity and power, which 
ivas in the laft century, church-government, 
good order, and wholefomq difcipline was 
alfo rettored amongft an humble, fclf-deny- 
ing people, who were, as God's people in 
all ages have been, much defpifed, reviled, 
and perfecuted. Yet, through all the hea- 
thenifh rage of their adverfaries, the rifing 
up of the rulers of the eartTi againft them, 
and the people imagining vain things con- 
cerning them, their bands were not broken, 
nor their cords caft away. They faw holi'- 
nefs was the Lord's delight, and promoted 
it with all diligence amongft mankind in 
general, but more eip-ei.Uly amongft them- 


^4 Oil the Nature and Ufefuhiefs 

felves. The Lord, who at firft raifed chofen 
inftruments, and fent them forth into the 
world, which was as a briery thorny wil- 
i^ernefs, wonderfully blelTed their ardent la- 
bours with increafe, fo that in a few years a 
large number of churches were planted 
(even ainidft all the rage and fury before- 
mentioned) and quietly fettled and eftablifli- 
cd under the teachings of his fpirit in their 
hearts. Hereby they grew up in wifdom 
and ftaturc, and in proceis of time clearly 
faw, in the divine light, that they mutl 
form themfelves into an orderly body, to be 
governed under fuch regulations as would 
p\it them in the beft capacity, as a religious 
Ibciety, of glorifying God, and being the 
mod ufefu] to one another, as members of 
the fame body ; and that alfo, by being em- 
bodied and diiciplined as an army with ban- 
ners, they mfght make a firm (land againft 
every appearance of evil, with their united 
ftrength, under the Captain of their falva- 

Divine wifdom was wonderfully with 
thofe worthies iirfc fent and engaged in this 
blefled work, directing their fteps with true 
judgment, as well as opening the minds of 
a numerous people, of various growths, to, 
receive the manner- and form of government 
and order, which thofe of the cleared fight 
difcovered, in the light of truth, to be beft 
adapted to promote the glory of God, and 
the preferv?ttion of his church and people. 

ef Clmjilan Dlfcipline. 9J 

Yet there were fome oppofers (as in the pri- 
mitive times) even of their own body or fo- 
erety; men of perverfe fpirits, who troubled 
the church for a time with htigious jangling, 
and corrupt difputations. But the Lord, 
who knows how to put a flop to the rage and 
cunning devices of the enemies of his 
church, brought a blall upon them, which 
hath expofed the names of the leaders, and 
will continue to expofe them through ages 
and generations to come. Thus the faithful 
w^ere enabled to carry on this great work, 
defigned for the defence and prefervation of 
God's people, in defiance of all thofe San- 
ballats, Toblahs, and Gefliems, which were 
permitted to rife up again if them and their 
godly undertaking. 

Great w^Wdom may be difcerned by thofe 
€yes only which the Lord hath opened, 111 
his thus ranking and placing his people, = 
that they might ftand in fuch a fituation as 
to be really true help-mares in Chrifl Jeihs 
our Lord and holy head; the ftrong bearing 
and helping the infirmities of the weak, 
fupporting one another in that which is 
good, judging down all of a contrary nature 
to it, in every rank and flation ; none daring 
to be above admonition, but rather efleem- 
ing it a mark of love and fincere regard, 
that otliers extend care over them ; agreeable 
to I Thefl. V. 12, 13, 14. " And we be- 
*' feech you, brethren, to know them wliich 
*' labour among vou, and are over you in 

" the 

g6 On the Nature arid UfefiiJnefs 

*' the Lord, and adinonifli you; and t6 
*' efteem them very highly in love for their 
*' work's fake: and be at peace among yo\ir^ 
*' felves. Now we exhort yon, brethren^ 
*' warn them that are \mruly, comfort the 
" feeble-minded, fupport the weak, be pa- 
** tient toward all men." 

What an inexpreflible favour it is to be 
even oue of the lead members of this body, 
or branch of the heavenly Father's family, 
where {o great help and edification may be 
received from thofe of greater growth and 
maturity than themfelves. On the other 
hand, what high fatisfadlion it affords the 
fathers and mothers in Ifrael, to fee the 
children and weaklings of the flock of teach- 
able difpofitions, and carefully endeavouring 
to walk according to the truth. Some are 
made of God as faviours upon mount Sion, 
and as watchmen upon her walls, anpinted. 
and appointed by the Holy Ghoft, to watch 
over the flock of Chrifl:, as thofe that muft 
give an account, whofe excellent fervices 
may jaftly entitle them to the application of 
that copious elegant language, wherewith 
Job fets forth what he had done ih the time 
of his profperity. Job xxix. 13, 14, 15, 16. 
*' The bleffmg of him^ that was ready to 
*' perifli came upon me; and 1 caufed the 
" widow's heart to flng for joy. I put on 
*' righteoufneis, and it clothed me: my 
'• jiidgiUwUt was as a robe and a diadem, f 
*• was eye5 to the blind, and feet was I to 

'' the 

of Chrlflian Di/ciplihe. fff 

^^ the lame. I was a father to the poors 
*' and the caufe which I knew not I fearch- 
^^ ed out.'* 

Elders ruling thus in the church are in- 
deed worthy of double honour, whether 
they labour in the word and docftrine or not 5 
being fuch as, agreeable to Peter's advice, i 
Pet. V. 2, 3, 4. *' Feed the flock of God 
which is among you, taking the overfight 
thereof^ not by conftraint, but willingly ; 
not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; 
neither as being lords over God's heritage^ 
but being enfamples to the flock. And 
when the chief fliepherd fliall appear, ye: 
fliall receive a crown of glory that fad^h 
not away." 
It is of the utrnofi: confequence, that the 
members, who conftitute the church of 
Chrift, be thoroughly acquainted with the 
true fpring of motion and adiion therein^ 
left any fliould prefumptvioufly conceive or 
imagine, that feeing church government 
carries much the appearance of outward 
oeconomy and civil proceeclingSj human, 
abilities, natural and acquired, are fuflicient: 
to manage the fame. If any fall into fuch 
a dangerous error, it muft be for want of* 
duly coniidering the nature of the work to 
be engaged in ; it being no other than what 
appertains to the fpiritual kingdom of Chrift, 
and the promotion thereof on earth : which 
kingdom man by nature cannot lee nor un- 


gS On the Nature and Vfefutnefs 

dcrftand.^ And it is written, '^ the world 
*' by wifdom knew not God.|'* Therefore 
they cannot know his kingdom, nor how to 
acl properly therein, under the Supreme 
Hca(}^, whom tliey know not. 

'To be capable of adling rightly in the dif- 
cipline of the church, man muft be born of 
the fpirit, or from above, and receive a qua- 
lification from the Holy Ghoft for that work. 
Such arc the only qualified perfons for main- 
taining good order in the churches, whether 
young, old, or middle-aged, male or fe- 
male, and Ihould be regarded as thofe who 
are fet over others in the Lord. Thefe are 
feen and efteemed highly in love for their 
work's llike, by the difcerning in the 
church, tho' they may be of a low degree; 
yet, being alive in the truth, they can favour 
the things that be of God, conveyed to them 
through thefe favoured inftruments ; and 
alio reje6l the things which be of men, when 
intruded into God's work; becaufe the inno-i 
cent life raifed up in them is burdened and 
grieved therewith. 

Nothing can more afflict the fouls of fuch, 
than the darkening counfel by a multitude 
of words without knowledge. We may fee 
none were properly qualified to judge a,nd 
govern outward Ifrael, unlefs gifted of God 
for that purpofe. We find they were to have 
God for their king; and thofe whom he 
raifed up by his immediate power, to be 


f Matt. Hi. 3. f I Cor, i. 2i» 

of Chrijlian Difcipline, 99 

their judge-s under him, (herein a perfedl 
pattern of the chriPdan church) until they 
impioufly rejected a government, than which 
none could be attended with more eafe, fe- 
curity, and comfort, that they might be hke 
other nations, that is, to be more left to^ their 
own power and pohcy, and to be lefs de- 
pendent upon God. Whilft they looked to 
the Lord for judgment, aid, and proteclion^ 
fee liow wonderfully he provided for them, 
Mofes, Aaron, and Miriam in Egypt, 
through the Red Sea, and in the wiidernefs. 
To the help of whom the Lord alfo raifed a 
large number of inferior judges, upon whom 
he pvit his fpirit, as an effential qualification.^ 
it would be needlcfs to be very particular, 
in {hewing how the Lord was pleafed to raife 
many, and to put his fpirit upon them, un- 
der the blelTed influence and ftrength where- 
of they wrought wonders for the reformati- 
on, deliverance, and protection of his peo- 
ple: as Jofhua, Othniel, Deborah, and Ba- 
rak, Gideon, Jephthah, Samuel, David, 
Solomon, Nehemiah, &c. and when the peo- 
ple perceived the fpirit of God was upon 
them, they joined fuch with alacrity in God's 
work, out of faithful fubjedion to that of 
God in and upon them, and not to them as 

Very remarkable is the humility and ho- 
ned upright petition of Solomon, which 
doth amply difcover the ftate of mind luch, 


* Numb, xi, 25, a6i 

f 00 On the Nature and Ufefubiefs 

mull be brcKight into, who are favoured 
with fuitable ablUty to judge and govern in 
the church of Chrift. '' In Gibeon the 
*' Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by 
^' night: and God faid, Afli what I fhall 
'' give thee. He faid, O Lord my God, 
^* thou haft made thy fervant king inftead 
" of David my father; and I am but a ht- 
■' tie child; I know not how to go out or 
*' come in. Give therefore thy fervant an 
^' underftanding heart to judge thy people, 
^' that I may difcern between good and bad: 
** for who is able to judge this thy fo great 
^' a pebple?*" 

Pertinent hereunto is the ardent concern 
raifed in Nehemiah's mind for the welfare of 
God's people and city ; the deep anguifii of 
his foul (though in the midft of worldly af- 
fluence $) Jiis earneft and humble prayer to 
God ; the manner of aildrefling king Artax- 
erxes upon that mournful occafion concern- 
ing the defolate ftate of Jerufalem, and hi-s 
whole proceeding in that godly undertaking 
pf raifing the walls of that city, &c. Much 
might be wrote to fhew tlie great analogy 
hereof with the maintaining of the, hedge, 
or wall of difcipline and good order in the 
chriftian church, as a defence from danger- 
ous enemies; but I hope, as the light of 
truth has rnercifully arifen, and peoj^le's 
minds are confiderably illuminated thpxby, 
^lere is not fo much neceffity (efpccially 


* I JCings iii. 5, ^, g. 

of Chriftian Difciplins, icjf 

amongft tis) to convince them in general 
wi)^t is truth in thefe refpecl^, as to remind 
them of their duty, that pradice may keep 
pace with knowledge ; for which end ftiort 
hints may in a good degree anfwer. 

I might alfo draw much more from the 
precious doftrine and experience of God's 
people, recorded in holy writ, concurring 
to eftabUfli the truth of what I have advanc- 
ed concerning the outward order, govern- 
ment, and beautiful difcipline of the church, 
which is the kingdom of Chrift, wherein the 
fan6lified of God are as fiibordinate kings 
and priefts; which is thus exprefled, Dan. 
vii. 21, 22. '' I beheld, and the fame horn 
*' made war wuth the faints," (viz. the 
power of antichrift in the form of a church, 
with orders and rules) *' and prevailed 
" againft them, until the ancient of days 
*^ came, and judgment was given to the 
*' faints of the Moll' High, and the time 
*' came that the faints polTefled the king- 
*' dom." Paul calls this dominion the faints 
are to poffefs, Eph. iii. lo. '' Principalities 
*' and powers in heavenly places.'* Oh! 
long hath this wicked horn had the rule and 
government where the faints fliould ! fo that 
there hath been little or nothing of the na- 
ture of that excellent government which is 
found in the kingdom of Chrift. There hath 
bden no true vilion from the prophets, the 
law hath perifhed from the priefls, and 
Counfel frona the ancients, Ezek. vii. 26, and 


1 02 On the Nature and Ufefulnefs 

the glorious kingdom of the Meffiah has for 
many ages been as it were baniflied from the 
earth, or at leaft hid from mankind in gene- 
ral, as in a wildernefs, whereinto the true 
church fled, Rev. xii. 6. But the Lord hath 
been pleafed in a good degree to reilore again 
the excellent order of his houfe amongft a 
defpifed people; concerning whom 1 Ihall 
now endeavour to give fome account, by 
way of fliort hints, of what mine eyes have 
feen, mine ears heard, what I have tailed 
and handled of the good word of life in their 
afTemblies ; more particularly as I am now 
upon that fubjecl:, thofe, according to their 
degrees of fubordination (as the wifdom 
from above hath placed them) called meet- 
ings for difcipline, or church order and go- 
vernment: which meetings I have attended 
with diligence, as I thought it my indifpenf- 
able duty, for about thirty years of my time: 
near the firft ten whereof I was for the moft 
part an highly pleafed and comforted fpedla- 
tor of the fweet harmony and comely order 
of God's houfe, the love, fympathy, and 
care extended in each branch thereof one to- 
wards another; in filent feeking the alfiftance 
of the Holy Head, that the body might 
edify itfelf in love, and the King of faints 
be known to rule all that was within us. 
For when we become members of Chrift's 
body, we ceafe to confider ourlelves as indi- 
viduals only, but alfo as members deeply 
interefted in the w^elfare of the body. Here 

cf Chrijllan DifcipUne. 103 

15 an united labour and travail, being all in 
one common intereft. 

I have often beheld the awful Majefty of 
the divine power amongft thefe people, and 
could fay in humble admiration, at leaft in 
my heart, '' Cry out and fhout, thou inha- 
*' bitant of Zion, for great is the Holv One 
*' of Ifrael, in the midft of thee!*" there 
has been no lack of any good thing in the 
camp of God. The glorious Lord hath 
been indeed as places of broad rivers and 
ftreams, where can go no galley with oars, 
neither Ihall gallant fliip pafs thereby. For 
the Lord was our judge, the Lord was ouf 
lawgiver, the Lord was our king, Ifa. xxxiii. 
21, 22. and therefore all the fpl^^^did art 
and invention of man in religion, was to be 
wholly laid afide, as Saul's armour was by 
David, being concerned to go as he did, in 
the name (viz. the power and dread) of the 
Moft High. When I did thus Hand ftill, 
looking upon Sion, viewing her beauty and 
excellency, I have i^tcn great things done by 
mean inftruments going forth againft their 
enemies in the name of the Lord only; 
which hath caufed my foul to be knit unto 
them, and I loved them as mine own fouL 
,This fight and fenfe of things made me ex- 
ceeding awful in my mind, afraid to fpeak 
and adt, unlefs I found a well-grounded aP- 
furance tbat the Lord required it of me; by 
feeling the weight of his divine power upon 

,^Ifaiah xii, 6. 

1 04 On the Nature and Ufejulnefi 

my fpirit, opening my iinderftaading, and 
guiding my judgment, that I might clearly 
know what, v/hen, and how to fpeak in the 
awful prefence of God, and before the 
princes of his people, tvhofe words I obferv- 
ed, were as goads, and as nails faftened by 
the mafter of our aflemblies, which are 
given from one fhepherd. 

Very pertinent to what I am now upon Is 
Ecclef. V, I, 2, 3. and what indeed ought to 
take deep impreffion on all thofe concerned, 
viz, *' Keep thy foot when thou goeft to the 
*' houfe of God, and be more ready to 
'* hear than to give the facrifice of fools: 
'^ for they confider not that they do evil. 
** Be not rafh with thy mouth, and let not 
*^ thine heart be hafty to utter any thing 
*^ before God: for God is in heaven, and 
*' thou art upon earth, therefore let thy 
"words be few. For a dream cometh 
*' through a multitude of bufinefs, and a 
** fool's voice is known by multitude of 
*' words." It is plain from what is before 
noted, and much more in holy writ, that 
all the power and wifdom of man, till it be 
fubjeded, fanftified, and properly influenc- 
ed by a fupefnatural principle, is wholly 
excluded from and fhut out of the church of 
God. Although thofe abilities are adequate 
cO, and fufEcient for, the things of a man, 
viz. the concerns of this life; (for, as faith 
our Lord, the children of this world are 
ivifer in their generation than the children 


tf Chrljiian DifclpUne. 105 

of light; yet the things of God no man can 
know, confequently cannot rightly a(fl in 
them, but by his fpirit. This alfo in part 
appears from what Elihu faith. Job xxxii. 
7, 8, 9. *' I faid, days fliould fpeak, and 
multitude of years ihould teach wifdom. 
But there is a fpirit in man : and the in- 
fpiration of the Almighty giveth them 
underftanding. Great men are not al- 
ways wife: neither do the aged under- 
ftand judgment," 
Very great hath been, and ftill is, the lois 
of man, for want of deeply underftanding 
this important point. Giving a latitude to 
human abilities in religion, and the concerns 
thereof, hath opened the door wide for anti- 
chrift to become almoft an univerfal mon- 
arch. It is that by which he hath got great 
footing amongft all the divilions of chriftian 
profeifors ; ours in a forrowful manner witl> 
refpedl to individuals, as well as others ; yet 
a living body are preferved. Thefe, through 
the divine blelTmg, prevent his taking pof- 
feffion of the church, as he has done of 
others. The eyes and cry of thefe are to 
the Lord, whom they know to be their fuf- 
ficiency ; and that unlefs he ordain falvation 
as walls and bulwarks to keep our city, ill 
vain are all human endeavours. 

When I have coafidered the low, indiffer- 
ent, languid ftate of thofe under our name 
in many places, both in this and other na- 
tions, occalioued by an inordinate 

P love 

tc6 On the Nature and UJefulnefs 

jove of the world, and the things thereof,- 
my foul hath been deeply humbled in awful 
proftration before him ; when I have beheld 
his wonderful condefcenfion, in ftill Ihining 
forth upon us, as from between the cheru- 
bims of his glory, waiting to be gracious, 
by turning again the captivity of many of 
his Ifrael, and feekiag to rebuild her wafte 
places, and thereby to revive her ancient 
beauty. He is pleafed to continue unto us 
fome judges as at the firft, and counfellors 
as at the beginning, tho] but feiv in nmnber 
when compared to the bulk. May the great 
Lord of the harveft raife many more faith- 
ful labourers, and fend them into his har- 
veft, even fuch as are defcribed by the evan'- 
gclical prophet Ifaiah! '^ The fiuners in Zion 
are afraid, fearfulnefs hath furprifed the 
hypocrites: who among us fhall dwell 
with the devouring fire? whoramongftus 
*' fliall dwell with everlafting burnings ? He 
that walketh righteoufly, and fpeaketh 
uprightly, he that defpifeth the gain of 
*' oppreflions, that Ihaketh his hands from 
*' holding of bribes, that ftoppeth his ears 
** from hearing of blood, and fhutteth his^ 
'' eyes from feeing evil: he ihall dwell oa 
**; high: his place of defence Ihall be tl^e 
*^ mvmitions of rocks, bread Ihall be giyea 
*' him, his waters Ihall be iurc.^'* 

Oh! hov^ forrowful it is, in this and other 
mtions, for the Lord's melfengers to view 


■* GJiyp. xxxiii. 1^, 15, h'j. 




of Chrijlian Difcipline. I'o'f^ 

the great prevalence of unfaitlifulnefs in* 
Jarge numbers, in moft branches of our 
chriflian teftimony ! much lyhereof hath 
been greatly owing to the laxnefs of difci- 
pline. Thofe who fliould have been, above 
ail other confiderations, waiting for frefh 
and renewed ability from God to build his 
houfe, have been moft of all endeavouring 
to build themfelves and pofterity uncertain 
houfes in earthly inheritances; living at eafe 
ia their ceiled houfes, whilft the ark of the 
teftimony of God hath been expofed. 

Dreadful will the account be fuch will> 
have to render, who have hid their Lord's 
rj\oney in the earth, having wrapped it in a 
uapfcin, viz. a decent form of religion. The 
Lord hath opened eyes that fee them through 
their fig-leaf covering in moft or all the ranks 
of his people ; thoiigh it is much to be feared- 
they have clofed their own eyes, except to- 
wards the world. In that they may be clear 
fighted, it being their kingdom. Some of 
thefe may prefume from their long profeftion, 
wherein perhivps they have taken care (as far 
as appears to man's eye) to preferve a repu- 
tation free from fpots or blemifhes ; and they 
alfo hfiving a pretty large ftock of wealth, 
ii> the getting whereof they may have not 
only dried up the tenclernefs of religion in 
themfelves, but alio have laid a foundation 
for the ruin of their children, or thofe that 
fucceed them in their pofreifiorls ; notwith- 
i^andiug which, fome ftich may take upoi> 

'io8 On the lecture and UJefuhie/s 

them to be adlive members in the meetings 
where they belong. Very lamentable indeed 
are the ftates of meetings, managed by fuch 
unfandlified fpirics. .The king of Sion is 
baniflied from their covmcils; and the pre- 
cious fons and daughters thereof are but as 
fufFering witnejGTes for God, clothed as in 
fackcloth; and the feed of God, which 
fhould have dominion in all our meetings, is 
deprefTed. I fuicerely wifh there were no 
caufe for thefe clofe remarks ; a caution of 
this kind may be necellary. This fpirit get- 
ting in amongft us, in any part of the body 
or fociety, cannot fail of laying wade; 
therefore let all confider what fpirit rules in 
them. Where fuch a fpirit prevails, it is 
fiot the wife woman building the houfe, but 
the foolifli woman pulling it down with her 
own hand* 

It is a mournful truth, that among the 
many tlioufands of I.frael, there are but few, 
in comparifon, w^ho really ftand quite up- 
right, as pillars in God's houfe; who can- 
not be at all warped by fear, intereft, favour, 
or affection, but look beyond all iingly at 
truth and righteoufnefs. Oh! what mean 
cringing, ftooping, and temporizing, is to 
be found in ibme! It is my fon, daughter, 
near relation, or friend, that I am loth to 
offend, left i fliould ibffer in my intereft or 
reputation, or ftiali gam his or her ill will. 
This Ipirit will never dwell on high, but 
muft have its portion amoiigil the iearful. 
'■• ■ ■ and 

cf Cbrijlian Difcipliud, ic<^ 

^ad the unbelieving ; and unlefs fuch repent, 
ihey will be ranked with thofe that deny 
Chrifl before men. They may read their 
portion, Luke xii. 9. True zeal and found 
jiidgment is often rejected by this fort, whe- 
ther it comes from individuals, or meetings ; 
r^ay eyen by fome, when it is the mature re- 
fult of the largeft body under the diredliou 
of the beft wifdom, if they do not find it 
agree with their uniknclified underftandings \ 
which would be ftrange if it Ihould, as it 
comes from the fpirit of truth. 

It may be further obferved, that thole 
xyhofe principal view is only maintaining the 
form or outward character in religion, feel 
very little or no pain on account of the dif~ 
orderly praAices of their fellow- members , 
and therefore they can eaiiiy daub with un- 
tempered mortar, and fmooth all over, cry- 
ing peace, before judgment has laid hold of 
the traiifgrefling part ; and all this done un-- 
d^r the fpecious pretence of charity and. 
cUriftian tenderneis. Yet vvhen any in god- 
ly zeal are conftrained to ihew the pernicious 
confequenge of healing the .wounds of the 
daughter of Sion deceitfully, fome fuch foon 
difcover they are. too much itrangers to true 
charity, by their oppolicioa to found juflg- 
uient, and thofe exerciied therein, that the 
vvound.s might be fearched to the bottom. 
Here fomething of a perfecuting fpirit ap- 
peal^, and the bitter leaven ot the Piiarifee 
it difco\ crcd, fuiking at the life of xdi^ioii, 


II o On the Nature and UfefulneJ^ 

But, agreeable to the ufual craft of antU" 
chrift, they muft call a godly concern and 
labour by a contrary name, or they could 
not finite at it with any colour of reafon. 
Such honed labourers have fometimes been 
reprefented as enthufiafts, too hot in their 
:zeal, diflurbers of the church's peace, &c. 
When there is a peace in the church with 
■wrong things, it is much better broke than 
kept. I take it that it was in this fenfe our 
Lord faid : " I came not to fend peace on, 
*' earth, but a fword.*" It was a woeful 
peace to Ifrael, when they became fo recon- 
ciled to the inhabitants of the land, as to 
fuffer them to dwell therein, contrary to the 
exprefs command of God! 

When the upright in heart cannot for 
Sion's fake hold their peace, their fpirits be- 
ing truly enlightened to fearch Jerufalem, it 
is very dangerous for any to obftrucl, op- 
pofe, or even to difcourage them in fuch a 
godly undertaking. The voice of their Al- 
mighty Helper is, " Touch not mine anoint- 
** ed;" for he will certainly vindicate his 
own caufe in their hands, and will recom- 
pence any injury done to it, or them, as if 
done to himfelf; fo that all had need to 
know well what they do, and what fpirit 
bears rule within them. 

Some I have obferved very blind, fruitlefs, 
and unfkilful, who are not quite upon the 
fame bottom as thofe above-mentioned, but 

* Matt. X. 34. 

of Chriftian Dtfcipline. iil 

■who differ from them in the caufe of their 
unfruitful fituation, which arifes chiefly 
,from a grofs deception in themfelves, and 
for want of abiding in that wherein they 
could try the fpirit that prefents things to 
their minds. Thefe have been moved and 
kindled by a falfe fire, and a zeal not duly 
tempered with that knowledge which comes 
from God. This proves a lore wounding to 
the caufe of truth, where it hath prevailed; 
very hard to judge down, becaufe it is com- 
monly very v/ife and right in its own eyes* 
In concluding this head, I am free to exprefs 
an ardt^it prayer, which hath filled mine 
heart at times for ^ confiderable number of 
years, that the Lord may be gracioully pleaf^ 
ed greatly to increafe the number of thofe 
amongfl us, who are made willing to leave 
all, arjd to follow the gentle leadings of his 
fpirit, vs^hitherfoever he is pleaftd to lead 
them; who prefer the welfare, peace, and 
profperity of the city of God to their chiefs 
eft joy; that truth and righteoufnefs may 
be fo exahed in every part of the body, as 
to make all the (inners in Sion afraid indeed : 
for they cannot ftand'in judgment when the 
Lord arifes in majefty among his faints, nor 
in the congregations of the righteous ; that 
fo for very Ihame there might be a cafting 
their idols of filver, and their idols of gold, 
to the moles and to the bats. Ifa. ii. 20. 

The fubftance of what is before fignified, 
is doubtlcfs, an I hath been, the fervent tra- 

I ! 2 On the Nature ^?/i Vftfulnefsy ^'t. 

vail of many brethren and fifters, who are 
deeply afFe(fled with the prefent lethargy 
which prevails, yet are in the midft thereof 
comforted in obferving great reviving of k 
concern, in moft places, for ftirring np and 
provoking one another to love and to good 
works; particularly in promoting difcipline: 
which if it profpers (as I believe it will) 
truth and righteouinefs will prevail thereby, 
and Sion will enlarge her borders, her cords 
will be lengthened, and her flakes ftrengthen- 
ed, and {he will yet break forth on the right 
hand and on the left; her feed will inherit 
places which are now defolate. Therefore 
let the tr'U travellers for her profperity be 
encouraged ; for I believe fome of them will 
come to fee the fruits of their painful travail, 
and be fatisfied. ' May all fuch keep their 
habitations in a feeling fenfe of the Holy 
Head, whether in fuffering or rejoicing, 
profperity or adverfity! For, as faith the 
apoftle, '' If we fuffer with Chrift, we fhall 
" reign with him, or be glorified together."