ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRAR
3 1833 02254 3927
PAPERS OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF DELAfVARE
The Journal and Order Book
Captain Rober t Kirkwood
Delaware Regiment of the '
"A Journal of the Southern Campaign "
^ "An Order Book of the Campaign in New Jersey, 1777"
The brave, meritorious, unrewarded Kirkwood "
REV. JOSEPH BROWN TURNER
THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF DELAWARE
Press of the Dklawarban
"Render, therefore, to all their dues;
Honour to whom honour is due."
So far as Robert Kirkwood is concerned neither the State of
Delaware nor the Historical Society of Delaware has obeyed
this injunction. One of the most intrepid and fearless men
Delaware has produced has received little notice and scanty
praise. The MSS. volumes containing his "Journal" and his
"Order Book" have been allowed to accumulate dust on a shelf
of the library of the Historical Society for thirty-four years.
In justice to a brave son of the State they are now published,
with the following letter containing his ancestry:
Bloomington, Indiana, July 14, 1876.
Dr. Lewis P. Bush:
Dear Sir —
When I saw you in Newark a few weeks since you re-
quested me to furnish you a statement of any facts in my pos-
session in regard to the ancestry and early history of Captain
Robert Kirkwood. With this request I cheerfully comply,
although at this distance of time perhaps little new can be given
on the subject.
The family from which Captain Kirkwood was descended
removed from Scotland to the vicinity of Derry in the north of
Press of the Delawarban
"Render, therefore, to all their dues;
Honour to whom honour is due."
So far as Robert Kirkwood is concerned neither the State of
Delaware nor the Historical Society of Delaware has obeyed
this injunction. One of the most intrepid and fearless men
Delaware has produced has received little notice and scanty
praise. The MSS. volumes containing his "Journal" and his
"Order Book" have been allowed to accumulate dust on a shelf
of the library of the Historical Society for thirty-four years.
In justice to a brave son of the State they are now published,
with the following letter containing his ancestry:
Bloomington, Indiana, July 14, 1876.
Dr. Lewis P. Bush:
Dear Sir —
When I saw you in Newark a few weeks since you re-
quested me to furnish you a statement of any facts in my pos-
session in regard to the ancestry and early history of Captain
Robert Kirkwood. With this request I cheerfully comply,
although at this distance of time perhaps little new can be given
on the subject.
The family from which Captain Kirkwood was descended
removed from Scotland to the vicinity of Derry in the north of
4 THE JOURNAL OF
Ireland in the latter part of the seventeenth century. In 1731
the captain's father, Robert Kirkwood, then a youth of perhaps
18 or 20 years of age, emigrated to this country in company
with the widow and two infant children of an elder . brother,
William, then recently deceased. Robert Kirkwood, some years
after his arrival in Delaware, married a Miss Sarah McDowell,
a native of England and a member of the religious society of
Friends. They lived on a farm about two miles north of
Newark — a farm recently owned by Andrew Gray, Esq., and
adjacent to the lot on which the White Clay Creek Presbyte-
rian church now stands. They had nine children, eight of
whom were daughters. Robert, the only son, was born in
1756. Of his childhood nothing is now known but the fact of
his early manifesting a fondness for reading and study — a fact
which decided his father to educate him for the ministry. He
was accordingly placed in the Newark Academy where he pur-
sued his classical studies with great diligence and success. On
the commencement of the revolutionary war, however, the
young student at once abandoned his literary pursuits and
promptly espoused the cause of his country.
You informed me in conversation that the manuscripts of
Captain Kirkwood had been deposited in the library of the
Delaware Historical Society by his grandson, Gen. R. K.
Whitely. It is therefore unnecessary that I should attempt any
account of his public services. You are probably aware also
that an interesting biographical sketch of Captain K., by P.
Benson Delany, M.D., may be found in Graham's Magazine
for March, 1846.
Of the family that came over from Ireland with Robert Kirk-
wood the descendants are now very numerous. The widow,
Mrs. Sarah Kirkwood, some time after their arrival in Dela-
ware, married a Mr. Gallagher, then a member, I think, of
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 5
White Clay Creek church. Her son, Robert Kirkwood, who
died in Harford county, Maryland, in 18 10, was my grand-
With pleasant recollections of my former residence in Dela-
ware, I remain, dear sir.
Yours very truly,
To the above it may be added that Capt. Kirkwood married
Sarah, a daughter of Joseph England, Jr., of White Clay Creek
hundred, who was, as his mother had been, a member of the
Society of Friends. His father was for many years a Ruling
Elder in the White Clay Creek Presbyterian Church. At the
very beginning of the Revolution Robert Kirkwood, Jr., was
commissioned, January 17, 1776, First Lieutenant of Capt.
Darby's Company, Colonel Hazlet's Regiment. He received
his commission as Captain, December I, 1776, and was trans-
ferred to Colonel Hall's regiment as second Ranking Captain,
and served to the end of the war as Senior Captain in com-
mand of the Delaware Battalion. He was brevetted Major,
Sept. 30, 1783. The State of Virginia alone recognized and
rewarded his services. In 1787 he received from Virginia a
grant -of 2000 acres of land in the North West Territory, in
what is now Southeastern Ohio. His land was probably in
Belmont Co., whither he removed soon after the grant was
made. He was a Justice of the Peace in "the North West
Territory" in 1790, and a carefully written copy of the laws
promulgated by Gen. Arthur St. Clair is found in the back of
his journal, together with some interesting items from his
docket. On the 4th of March, 1791, Kirkwood was commis-
sioned Captain in the Second Regiment U S. Infantry, and
6 CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
marched under General St. Clair in his unfortunate expedition
against the Indians. In the battle near Fort Recovery, — his
thirty-third engagement, — he refused to retreat with the de-
feated army, and died with his face to the foe on the 4th of
November, 1791, at the age of forty-five.
Captain Kirkwood left two children:
1. A son, Joseph Kirkwood, who removed with his father to
the Ohio Territory. His children as late as 1875 were still in
possession of the lands granted to their grandfather in 1787.
2. A daughter, Mary, who married Arthur Whitely, of
Dorchester Co., Md., and was the mother of General R. H. K.
Whitely, by whom the Historical Society was made custodian
of these valuable MSS.
Joseph Brown Turner.
December 6, 19 10.
Marches of the Delaware Regiment
Captain Robert Kirkwood
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Journal of Marches from Morristown,
East Jersey, Southerly
I left Morristown four days before the Maryland and
Delaware Line, and arrived at Newark, in the Dela-
From thence went to Lewes town, and returned back
Set sail from the Head of Elk, in Compy with 50 sail
of vessels, being the Second brigade in the Maryland
Line, Destin'd for Petersburgh, Virginia, at which
Port the vessel I was in arrived the 23 Inst
Decamped from Petersburgh, and marched to Rockaway
Marched to Jones's Bridge, and Encamped
Marched to Commissarys Lambs, Brunswick County. . .
Marched to Short's Ordinary
Marched to Stony Creek
Marched to Roanoke which we crossed at Taylor's
Ferry and lay upon its Bank, (this river is about 350
Marched into Granviil County, North Carolina
Marched this dav to Genl. Parsons
THE JOURNAL OF
2 1 St.
Marched from Genl. Parsons, and encamped on the
South Side of Flat River
Marched this Day to Hilsborough
Marched and crossed Haw River
Marched and lay in the woods
This day marched to Chatham Courthouse
Marched this day to Deep River which we crossed ....
Marched to Wilcoxes Iron Works
Marched to Hollinsworth's Farm on Deep River
This Day the Honble. Majr. Genl. Gates arrived and
took Command of all the Southern Troops.
Marched this day to Spinks Farm Randolph County,
Marched this day to Cottons Farm
Marched to Smiths Mill, on little River
Marched to the River Pee Dee and crossed at Masseys
Ferry, incamped on Ingram Farm, Hanson County. .
Marched this Day to Mays Mill
Marched to Thompsons Creek. The line at this place
divides North & South Carolina
Marched this day near Hendersons Cross roads
Marched and encamped in the pines, received Informa-
tion that the Enemy was advancing
Marched to Big Linches Creek
Marched and encamped in the Pines
Marched to Little Linches Creek to gain the Enemys
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Marched this Day and lay on our arms all Night ....
Marched to Ridgleys Mill
Marched this Night at 10 OClock
About one in the morning met with the British Army at
Black Swamp and Drove in their Advance Guards
we then Halted and formed the line of battle the 2nd
Brigd. on the Right the first in the Center, and the
Militia on the left, and Lay on our arms untill Break
of Day when the British advanced and attacked our
Left Flank where the Militia Lay, who gave way
which gave the enemy's horse an opportunity to gain
our Rear, their Infantry at the same time gaining our
Flank, and their Line advancing in our front which
Caused the Action to become very Desparate; which
continued for the space of half an hour. In this
Action Lt. Col. Vaughan, Major Patten, six officers
and Seventy Rank and file of our Regt. were taken
Prisoners, with all the Cannon and Baggage of the
Army — I can give no account of our Marches on the
Retreat untill we came to Sallisbury which we arrived
at on the 2ist
Marched and crossed the Yadkin River
From thence we marched to Guilford Courthouse
And from thence to Hilsborough
This Day three Companies of Light Infantry were
Chosen, one under the Command of Capt. Bruen
from Virginia, Second by Capt. Kirkwood, & the
third by Capt. Brooks the Whole Under the Com-
mand of Col. Morgan.
THE JOURNAL OF
Began our march from Hilsborough under Command of
Col. Morgan, and arrived at Salsbury the 15th Inst.
Marched this Day to Col. Locks Farm
Marched to Fifers Mills
Marched about two below Esq., Alexander's
Marched to Six mile run there joined the No. Carolina
Militia under Command of Genl. Davidson
Moved our Encampment in Front of the Militia this
Neighbourhood is Called New Providence and within
14 Miles of Charlotte. While we Lay at this place
Col Morgan Received his Commission of Brigadier
Genl. From Congress.
This Day Genl Morgan's Infantry with Col. Washing-
tons Horse, marched Down to Ridgely's Mill, within
13 miles of Cambden ; reconoitre the Enemy.
Returned again to camp
This Day the Maryland Division arrived at Camp.
This Day the troops under Command of Genl. Gates
Marched to Charlotte, where they built Hutts
This Day had orders to hold our selves in readiness in
a moments warning to March. Accordingly left our
tents standing with all our sick behind and marched
to twelve mile Creek, which at this place Divides
No & So. Carolina; & from thence to the Hanging
Rock, the Infantry remained at this place untill Col.
Washington went down to Col. Ridgely's, and with
the Deception of a pine knot took the garrisons
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Year 1780 & i
Consisting of one Col. one Majr, and 107 privates: —
from thence returned to Camp, December the second
This Day Maj. Genl. Green took command of the
Southern Army in room of Maj. Genl. Gates.
March'd to Charlotte
March'd to Biggon Ferry on Catawba River
Crossed the Ferry and March'd
March'd to Pacolet
March'd to the Cowpens
March'd for the Catawba River and arrived the 23rd.
March'd to Col. Locke
Marched and crossed the Yadkin River
March'd this Night
March'd this Day
March'd to Guilford
March'd this Night
Crossed the Dan River at Ewings Ferry
March'd and crossed the Banisster River
March'd and Recrossed
Crossed the Dan River
Marched to Dobbins
March'd to Hilsborough and Returned ; in all
We came up with the Enemy at the Allamance
THE JOURNAL OF
Marched this Night to the old Regulation ground and
attack'd the advanc'd picquet. Brought off one of
their Centinells & returned to Camp by morning. . .
This Day we arrived near the South Branch of Haw
This Day the Enemy made a movement and were within
a mile of our Camp before they were Discovered.
We Crossed the South branch of Haw River Leaving
a Party of militia on the other Side to oppose the
Enemy; A brisk fire Shortly commenced in which the
militia were obliged to give way.
Marched this Day
Marched this Day to Troublesome Creek
Marched this Day & encamped on the Ground where
the British Lay, having crossed Troublesome & Haw
This Day my Company & one from Virginia were or-
dered to remain with Col. Washington to Act as a
Legion. The rest of the Infantry joined their re-
spective Regiments, marched
Marched this Day towards Guilford Courthouse
Col. Lee's Light Horse took 30 prisoners and brought
them to the Gen'l on our march
Marched this Day
Marched within 3 miles West of G. Court house
This day commenced the Action at Guilford Court
House between Genls. Green & Cornwallis, in which
many were Killed & wounded on both sides, Genl.
Green Drew off his Army with the loss of his artil-
Marched this Day
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD
When. I Year 1781 | Miles
March | 2360
1 6th. Marched to James Saunders Farm, near to the Iron
works where our Army Lay, on Troublesome Creek 3
igth. Marched to Simmons's Farm 6
20th. Marched this Day about 7
2 1st. Marched towards Deep River 21
22nd. Marched near the Little Allamance River 5
23rd. Marched 4
24th, Do 7
25th. This Day was Executed by hanging a Certain Solomon
Slocum being a Spy from the Enemy Likewise a De-
serter from the 2nd. M. Regt.
26th. Marched to Brooks Farm, near Wilcoxs Iron works. . 10
27th. Marched this Day 10
28th. Marched and Crossed Deep River at Ramseys Mill, on
the bridge the British made for themselves. This
Day we expected a Genl. Action to haj/j&,£pmmenced
but his Lordship I^^DplilABDnSM^ImmenVto decline
it, by a speedy march to ^gi^(^|cak
29th. Marched •.•.^iupcgilV at D8la««9
30th. Marched towards th*»©flffftf 'Mill on Deep River
31st. Marched this Day
3rd. Marched up the River
7th. Marched towards the Buffaloe Ford and encamped on
8th. Marched to Spinks Farm
9th. Marched to Cottons Farm
THE JOURNAL OF
Marched & Crossed Little River about 2 miles
This day Crossed the River Pee Dee at Colston's Ferry
This day Crossed Rocky River
Marched Near Mays Saw Mill
Marched this day about
This Day marched near Andersons Cross Roads
Marched to Big Lynches Creek
Marched to Little Lynches Creek
Marched v^^ithin 4 miles of Camden, took Eleven of the
This evening Genl. Green gave me orders if possible to
take possession of Logtown, v^^hich vi^as in full view
of Camden & if I could take it, to mentain it untill
further orders. Leaving Camp about 8 at night,
arrived before the town between 9 & lO and about
12 OClock got full possession of the place, A scatter-
ing firing was kept up all night. And at sun rise next
morning, had a smart schirmage. Beat in the Enemy,
About two hours afterwards had the Very agreeable
Sight of the advance of the Army
This day Col. Washington with my Infantry went
Westerly round Camden, Burnt a House in one of
the Enemys Redoubts on the Wateree River; took
40 horses & 50 Head of cattle & returned to Camp
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD
When I Year 1781 | Miles
Moved Southerly Round the town I 10
Marched back to our old ground j 6
The enemy sallyed out and drove us back 7
Marched to Ridgley's Mill 10
Marched this Night 6
Moved our Encampment
This day there was five Desserters Hanged that was
taken in the Action of the 25th of April.
Marched and crossed the Wateree
March'd to the Ferry and took the Redoubt, and burn'd
the Block House on the South side of the Wateree,
then Return'd to the Army at the 25 mile Creek. . . .
Marched this day
The Enemy moved over the River and was within two
miles of us before we knew of them being out when
our Vadet Came in and inform'd us. We then Drew
up in order of battle and lay their in Sight of other
untill Evening when both Armys Drew ofif and we
At Night was sent out with a party of the Horse to
Surprise a party of Tories and Marched 18 miles, but
not Coming up with, we altered our Rout and
March'd for Camden hearing that it was Evacuated,
and Reached there the next Day being in all
March'd to Mr. Randels Mill
March'd to Mr. Westons
March'd this day
March'd this day
Marched and Crossed the Broad River
THE JOURNAL OF
2 1 St.
This day was executed three Deserters from our Army,
who were taken at Fort Granby near Fridays Ferry,
on the Congree. Marched
Marched this Day
Was ordered with Col. Washington's Horse to Surprise
a party of tories under command of Col. Young;
Coming up to the place found it evacuated, the Horse
left me, with expectation to Come up with them,
while I moved on at Leisure. The Tories taking us
for some of them selves come out of a Swamp in our
Rear, & being undeceived took one of my men pris-
oners; upon which A firing Commenced, but they be-
ing on horse back pushed o£F with the Loss of one
man Killed & one Horse taken, A Short time After-
wards the Horse joined me, and before Dark killed
4 more taking 6 Prisoners; Marched this Day....
This Day Crossed the River Saluda. Surprised a party
of Tories within sight of Ninety Six, Killed four,
Spent the Day in reconoitering the Garrisson, which
was commanded by Col. Cruger. Marched
At Night were employed in raising a three Gun Bat-
tery, about 130 yards from their works and under a
Scatering Fire from the Enemy all night.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
This Day opened our first Battery on the Enemys Star
Received express from Col. Lee that he had taken two
redoubts at Augusta in Georgia; making 70 of them
prisoners & Killed about 40; taking a Quantity of
stores, Rum etc.
This Day Augusta was Captured by Col. Lee making
all the Garrison prisoners of war consisting of 165
British & the like Number of Tories, the whole being
under the Command of Col. Brown.
This Day the Garrison of 96 was attacked on two
Quarters Viz: — the Star Redoubt by the main army,
and Homes's by Col. Lee's Infantry, with mine, with
the assistance of three 6 pounders Commanded by Col.
Harrison. Our Redoubt held out about an hour,
then left it in our full possession ; the other being so
verry strong, & the officers who commanded in their
Ditch being wounded with the greatest part of the
men Killed and wounded, were obliged to give over
Raised the siege from Ninety Six; Lord Rodden being
within 25 miles of us, with 2000 men this Day
Marched towards Charlotte
THE JOURNAL OF
Marched this Da)^
Marched this Day
Marched this Night and Crossed the Innoree River . . .
Marched this Day Crossed the Tiger and Broad River
Recrossed the Broad River and Marched
Marched this Day to the Tiger River
Marched and Crossed the Inoree River
Marched this Day
Marched this Da}'
Marched this Day
Marched this Day and Cross'd the Broad River
Marched this Day and encamped at Capt. Howells . . .
Marched this Day
Marched this Day and Cross'd the Congree at Mc.
Marched this Day down the Santee' River
Marched this day and Cross'd the Congaree and was
ordered back towards Orangebourgh
Marched this Day and encamped at Doughey's Farm. .
Marched this Day to Col. Middleton
Marched this day and join'd the Army at Beaver
Marched this day towards Orangebourgh
Marched to the Enemys Lines, and within 4 miles of
Orangeburgh sent out parties to draw them out; but
all to no purpose, Col. Cruger being within one days
march of Lord Rodden, Genl. Green thought it pru-
dent to withdraw his army, and march towards Mc-
Marched this day near Brown's Mill
This day Crossed the Congaree River at McCords
Ferry & encamped on Mr. Simmons Farm 7 miles
from ye River
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Marched with Col. Washington's Cavelry to the Fork
of Wateree & Congaree Rivers encamped on Mr.
Dawson's Farm (very sickly place)
Marched to McCords Ferry on ye Congaree
Marched to Mr. Lightwood's Farm, up ye Congaree. .
This day the Enemy's Horse took possession of Mc-
Cord's Ferry with one Large Boat and Negro, on the
News of which our Horse, and foot, marched down
to the Ferry, and remained there untill Evening; and
marched back to the ground we left in the morning. .
Marched crossed the Wateree, encamped on Lambert's
Marched and encamped on Mr. Yore's Farm
Marched and encamped on Capt. Ritcheson's Farm ....
Marched this morning towards Camden up the river. .
Marched this day to Camden
Crossed the Wateree River passed the Army and Halted
at Colonel's Creek
This Day arrived at Capt. Howells on ye Congaree . . .
This day joined Col. Washington's Horse
At Mr. Culpepers on ye Bank of the River; about
Evening were informed the Enemy this morning left
Col. Thompson's on their way towards Charles Town.
Marched to Howell's Ferry on the River where the
Army had crossed. This Day the Genl. received in-
formation the Enemy had marched from the Center
Swamp on their rout for Town, which Occasioned
the Horse and my Infantry to return to the place we
left in the morning
THE JOURNAL OF
Crossed the Congree River at Culpeper's Ferry, and
Encamped on Mr. Johnstown's Farm
Marched and Encamped with the main Army at Ever-
ett's Creek 6 miles Below Col. Thompson's
Marched to Midway Swamp
Marched this Day within seven miles of the Eutaw
Springs, where Lay Col. Stewart with the British
Army Consisting of 2,000 men
This morning our Army was in motion before Day-
break, with a determination of Fighting the British
We marched in the following order of Battle Viz. The
South & North Carolina Militia in front, Com-
manded by Genls. Marion & Pickens, having Col.
Lees horse, & Infantry on their right Flank, and the
State Horse, and mounted Infantry on their left.
The Second line was Composed of North Carolina
regulars, Virginians, & Marylanders, having two three
Pounders, between the N. Carolinians, & Virginians,
and two six Pounders, between the Virginians &
Marylanders. Col. Washington's Horse, with my
Infantry were the Corps De Reserve In this order
we marched Down to Action, Coming within 3 miles
of the Enemy's
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 23
When I Year 1781 | Miles
Sept. ' ~~
8th. Encampment, we overtook a Rooting Party of 60 men
Coming in with Potatoes, most of whom were either
Killed, wounded or taken. We met with no further
opposition, untill we arrived within one mile of their
Encampment, where we met their front line, which
soon brought the Action general, we Drove their first,
and Second Lines, took upwards of 500 prisoners.
The Enemy took shelter in a large Brick House, and
a hollowway in rear of the House. At this time our
men were so far spent for want of water, and our
Continental Officers suffering much in the Action,
rendered it advisable to Genl. Green to Draw off his
Army, with the Loss of two 6 pounders, Majr. Ed-
mund of the Virginians, with a Small party of men
joined me in the British Encampment, keeping up the
fire for A small space of time. Found our Army had
withdrawn from the Field, made it necessary for us
Likewise to withdrawn. We brought off one of the
Enemys three Pounders, which with much difficulty
was performed through a thick wood for near four
miles, without the assistance of but one Horse, We
got to the Encamping Ground which we left in the
morning about two in the evening
THE JOURNAL OF
Return of Killed, Wounded & Missing in the Action of
the 8th. Sept'r, at the Eutaw Springs.
|Lt.Col.| Majr. | Capts. | Lieuts.| Serjts. |R&file
N. C. Militia
Total in the Army
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKJVOOD
Received information that the Enemy had left the
Eutaw Springs the Evening before, on the Road to
Monks Corner, the Genl. persued them to Mr. Mar-
tins, within 12 miles of the Corner
Return'd as far back as Whistleing George's
Marched to the Widow Floods, on ye Santee River. .
Marched with the Army to the road leading to Law-
rence's Ferry on the Santee, and Separated from
them; they being bound for the High hills of Santee,
and we for the Congaree Encamped on Mr. Cald-
wells Farm at the half way Swamp
Marched up the Congaree to Mr. Kelly's Farm
Marched to Mr. Patrick's Farm
Crossed the Congaree at Mr. Patricks & marched up to
Mr. Culpepers and from thence to Col. Gooden's
Marched this morning a little after sun rise joined Col,
Washingtons Horse, & Encamped one mile below
them on Mr. Pierce's Farm
Went to Head Quarters (on the High Hills of Santee)
for Docts. Medecine for my men.
And returned the 30th, Inst
Took the Ague and fever.
Marched to Mr. Simmons Farm on the Wateree
with Lnt. Vaughen to his house.
THE JOURNAL OF
2 1 St.
Received Intilligence of the Surrender of Lord Corn-
wallaces whole Army to this Excellency Genl. Wash-
ington In York Town Virginia on the 17th Inst.
Left Mr. Huger's and returned to Camp at Simons's
This morning began our march for Col. Goodens Mill
on the Congaree river, Halted on Mr. Pierce's Farm-
Marched this Day to New Market
Marched this Day to Col. Goodens Mill
Marched for Head Quarters which was at the High
Hills of Santee, got this night to Mr. Danl. Hugier's
Crossed Wateree river arrived at Head Quarters
Drew Cloathing for my men, and returned back to Mr.
Returned to Col. Gooden's Mill
This day was ordered to March by the way of Howell's
Ferry to Col. Thompsons and there to join the Army,
the troops moved. But I went to Capt. Howells hav-
ing the Ague & Fever where I staid untill the 27th,
Inst, being better, I set out for Col. Thompson's
where I arrived this Night
Marched with the Army to Brown's Mill
Marched this day to Orangeburgh
Marched this day to Youngs Farm
Marched this day to 4 hole bridge on 4 hole Creek. . .
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Year 1781 & 2
This Day arrived (at the 4 hole Bridge to relieve me)
Capt. Moore of the S. Carolina State troops with 60
rank & file.
Marched this day to Mr. Rumps
Marched this day to Fergussons Saw Mills on the
This day we arrived at Camp at Round O
This day I received orders to mount in Company with
the Virginians near Stono, on Edisto river, and to be
under the Command of Col. Lawrence. Accordingly
crossed Edisto river at Parker's Ferry 14 miles from
the Round O, and encamped three miles on the South
side on Capt. Sanders Farm
March about two miles below Sandy Hill and encamped
on Mr. Fergusson's Land
I went this day up to Head Quarters and got Liberty
to retire to the Delaware State on Furlough
Returned again to Camp which was moved to Spring
This day began my march for the Delaware and got to
the round O
Left the round O and two hours before day arrived at
Crossed the Congree River & staid all night at Mrs.
This day got to Mr. Randle's Mill
Lay at Camden this Evening
Lay within 6 miles of the Hanging Rock
Lay this Night at Majr. Crawfords in the Waxaws. .
Lay this Night at Mr. Robt. Phillips's within 2 miles
Got to Hezekiah Alexanders, Esqr
Staid at Mr. Pattens near Fifers
Arrived at Salsbury
THE JOURNAL OF
Left Salsbury & on the 19th Inst. Arrived at Guilford
From thence went to the Revd. Mr. Caldwell's and
from thence to Mr. Robt. Rankin's and from thence
to Mr. Alexander Gray's
Arrived at Mr. Robt. Gray's 12 miles N. E. of Hils-
Returned to Mr. Alexander Gray's in Company with
two of Mr. Robt. Gray's Daughters — And returned
the third of March
I had the very agreeable sight of Lt. Anderson and Ens.
Piatt at my Quarters.
Left Mr. Gray's in Compy with Capt. Jaquett, Lts.
Campbell, Anderson, Ens. Piatt, and Doctr. Hartley
(from South Carolina) remained all night at Genl.
Parson's — Granville County
Lay this night at Robt. Gillispes
The next morning Crossed the Roanoke Stoped at Mr.
Deloanes, who is termed a Col. in that County, & no
doubt thinks himself a Gentleman, but shall leave the
readers to Judge whether or not. When they are in-
formed by this that after Genl. Sinclier had remained
at his House one night, the next morning had to pay
three guineas, after being invited there.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
In a few Weeks afterwards Col. O. H. Williams called
at the same house, but could not get Quarters. And
some days afterwards I called there not knowing his
Character, shared the same fate with those before me,
and indeed he turned my waggon off the Plantation
without my knowledge, I requested only the floor to
lay on which was refused me, & rather than Quarrel
with one of the first rank in the famous State of Vir-
ginia, chose to Lay in the Woods. Marched this day
Marched this day to Commissary Lambs
Marched this day to Denwidie Court house
Marched to Petersburgh and Stayed at Mrs. Spencers
Capt. Jaquett, Doctr. Hartley, and the Waggon went
round by land.
Lts. Campbell, Anderson, & Piatt with myself went on
Board a Vessel at the Broad Way, Bound to the
Head of Elk.
Weighed Anchor about one OClock & on the 25th put
into Pianketanck, which is 210 miles from Peters-
And in this place our Vessel was taken by a small Ves-
sel from New York called "Hook-in-Sneevy."
THE JOURNAL OF
We made our escape by a small Boat and marched to
Capt. Lockleys Ferry on Rapahanock River, Virginia
27th. March'd to Notingham Court House at this place there
was a Genl. Field Day of Muster, here we got a
Boat destined for the Head of Elk Comm'd. by Capt.
Brewer, went on board in Coan River, landed this
morning at the Mouth of Sd. River. Lodged all
night at Mr. Crawley's
28th. Made sail at Night with a fair wind got near Petuxen
River but by a head wind were beat back into Coan
River Sailed this Night
[St. Being Easter Monday set out on foot for Yocommico
River Crossed over the Potowmack in Mr. Mitha-
ney's Boat Landed at pine point marched about 3
miles Lodged at the Revd. Mr. Sebastian's
2nd. This day Crossed Petuxen River at Junifers Ferry
Lodged at Mr. M. Summervills
3rd. March'd this Day to Mr. Smiths in Annarundle County
4th. This Day Crossed the South River at Browns Ferry
Quartered at Mr. Middleton's in Annapolis
5th. Crossed the Severn River at the Town Quartered at
Mr. Poes D. Q. M. Genl
7th. Took a passage on board the Pacquett Commanded by
Capt. Simpson & arrived at Newark about 8 OClock
in the Evening
Total of Marches From the 13th of April 1780 untill
the 7th of April 1 782
Omitted one nights march to the old regulating ground
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 31
Summons to Majr Lgenl Lincoln, loth April, 1780, with his
Answer of the Same Date.
Sir Henry Clinton, K. B, General and Commander in Chief
of his Majesties forces, in the Colonies, laying on the Atlantic,
from Nova Scotia, etc., etc., etc., and Vice Admiral Arbuthnot,
Commander in Chief of his Majestys Ships in North America
etc., etc., etc., Regretting the effusion of blood, and the Dis-
tress which must now Commence, deem it Consonant to Hu-
manity to warn the Town and Garrison of Charles Town of
the Havock & Desolation with which they are threatened from
the formidable force surrounding by Land & Sea.
An Alterative is offered at this Hour to the Inhabitants of
saving their lives & Property (Contained in the Town) or of
abiding by the fatal Consequences of a Cannonade and storm.
Should the place in a fatal Security, or its Commander in a
Wanton Indifference to the fate of its inhabitants delay the
Surrender; or should Publick Stores or Shiping be Destroyed,
the resentment of an exasperated Soldery may intervene, but the
mild & Compasionate Terms never be renewed.
The respective Commanders who hereby summons the town,
do not apprehend so rash a part as that further resistance will
be taken ; but rather that the gates will be opened, and them-
selves received with a degree of Confidence which will forbode
Head Quarters, Charlestown, April loth, 1780.
I have received your Summons of this Date — Sixty days have
passed since it has been known that your intentions Against
32 THE JOURNAL OF
this Town were Hostile, in which, time has been afforded to
abandon it, but duty and inclination point to the propriety of
Supporting it to the last extremety.
I have the Honour
to be Your Excellencys
(Signed) B. Lincoln
Major General Lincoln, to Sir Henry Clinton, K. B, Pro-
posing Articles of Capitulation, with Sir Henry Clinton's An-
swer, And the Articles of Capitulation.
Charlestown, April 2ist., 1780.
I am willing to enter into the Consideration of terms of
Capitulation — if such can be obtained as are Honourable for
the Army, & Safe for the Inhabitants. I have to propose A
Cessation of Hostilities for six hours, for the purpose of digest-
ing such Articles,
I have the Honour to be
Your Excellencies obt. Sert.
(Signed) B. Lincoln
His Excellency Sir H. Clinton.
Camp before Charlestown, April 21st., 1780.
Admiral Arbuthnot who Commands the fleet, should have
been addressed jointly with me on this Occation. As I wish
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKJVOOD 33
to Communicate with him, and as I give my consent to a
Cessation of Hostilities, for six hours; I desire an Aid de
Camp may pass to the ships with a letter & my request that
the Battery on James Island may desist firing.
I have the Honour to be etc.,
(Signed) H. Clinton.
Majr Genl Lincoln.
Articles of Capitulation proposed by Major General Lincoln.
Art. 1st. That all acts of Hostilities & works shall cease
between the Naval & land forces of Great Britain and
America, in this State, Until the Articles of Capitulation shall
be agreed on, Signed & executed, or Collectively Rejected.
Art. 2nd. That the town. Forts, & Fortifications Belong-
ing to them shall be surrendered to the Commander in Chief
of the British Forces, Such as they now Stand.
Art. 3. That the several troops garrisoning the town &
Forts, including the French & American Sailors, the French
Invalids, the North Carolina & South Carolina Militia, &
such of the Charles Town Militia as may choose to have this
place, shall have thirty six hours to withdraw to Lampriers,
after the Capitulation has been accepted & Signed on both
sides and that those troops shall retire with the usual Honours
of War & Carry off during that time their Arms, Field Artil-
lery, Amunition, Baggage, & such of their stores as they may
be able to Transport.
Art. 4. That after the expiration of the thirty six hours
mentioned in the preceeding Article, the British Troops before
the Town shall take possession of it. And those at Wappetau
shall proceed to Fort Moultrie.
34 THE JOURNAL OF
Art. 5. That the American Army thus collected at Lam-
prier's shall have ten days from the expiration of the thirty
six hours before mentioned, to march whereever Genl Lincoln
shall think proper to the Eastward of Cooper River, without
any movement being made by the British troops, or part of
them out of town, on Fort Moultrie.
Art. 6. That the sick and wounded of the American, &
French Hospitals, with their Medecines, Stores, the Surgeons,
and Director Genl shall remain in the Town, and be supplied
with the necessaries requisite, untill provisions can be made
for their removal, which will be as speedily as possible.
Art. 7. That no soldier shall be encouraged to Desert, or
permitted to enlist on either side.
Art. 8. That the French Consul, his House, papers and
other moveable property, shall be protected untouched, and a
proper time granted him for retiring to any place that may
afterwards be agreed upon between him and the Commander
in Chief of the British Forces.
Art. 9. That the Continental Ships of War, Providence,
Boston & Ranger, now in this Harbour, with the French ship
of War the Adventure, shall have liberty to proceed to Sea,
with the necessary stores on board and go unmolested, the
three former to Philadelphia and the latter to Cape Fran-Cois,
with the French Invalids mentioned in Art. 3.
Art. 10. The Citizens shall be protected in their Persons,
Art. 1 1 . That twelve months be allowed such as do not
choose to continue under the British Government, to dispose
of their effects, real and Personal in the State, without any
molestation whatever; or to remove such part thereof as they
choose, as well as themselves & Famelies, and during that time.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 35
they or any of them may have it at their option to reside
occationally in Town or Country.
Art. 12. That the same protection to their Persons, and
Properties, and the same time for the removal of their effects,
be given to the Subjects of France and Spain Residing amongst
us, as are required for the Citizens in the preceeding Articles.
Dated at Charlestovrn 21 April 1780
(Signed) B. Lincoln
Sir Henery Clinton and Vice Admiral Arbuthnot to Major
Camp before Charlestown April 21st, 1780.
We have in answer to your third Article (for we cannot
proceed further) to refer you to our former offer, as terms
which although you cannot claim, we yet Consent to grant.
These however must be accepted immediately, and respon-
sible Hostages of the rank of Field Officers must be sent us
as Securities that the Custom of War on these Occations are
strictly adhered to; that no person of the Garrison or Inhabi-
tant be permitted to go out, nothing to be removed or
destroyed, & no ship or Vessel pass from the Town.
All dependent posts are to be included in the Surrender,
and the Hostages to be answerable for these as for the Town.
Your answer is expected at 10 OClock, at which hour
Hostilities will Commence again, unless our Offers are Closed
(Signed) H. Clinton
M. T. Arbuthnot
36 THE JOURNAL OF
Camp before Charles Town, May 8th, 1780.
Circumstanced as I now am with respect to the place
invested, Humanity only can induce me to lay within your
reach the terms I had determined should not again be pre-
The fall of Fort Sullivan, the Destruction (on the 6th.
Inst,) of what remained of your Cavelry, the Critical period
to which our approaches against the Town have brought us,
mark this as the term of your hopes of Succour, (Could you
ever have framed any) and as an hour, beyond which. Resist-
ance is temerity.
By this last Summons therefore I throw to your Charge
whatever vindictive Severity, exasperated Soldiers may inflict
on the Unhappy People, whom you devote by persevering in a
I shall expect your answer untill Eight OClock, When Hos-
tilities will Commence again. Unless the Town be surrendred,
' *' (Signed) H. Clinton
Major General Lincoln
Charles Town May 8th 1780.
Your letter to me of this date is now under consideration
there are so many different Interests to be Consulted, that I
have to propose that Hostilities do not again Commence till
(Signed) B. Lincoln
His Excallency Sr. H. Clinton.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 37
May 8th 1780.
As more time has been expended in Consulting the different
Interests than I supposed there would be, I have to request
that the truce may be continued untill Four OClock.
(Signed) B. Lincoln.
His Excellency Sr. H. Clinton.
May 8th 1780.
I consent that Hostilities shall not again Commence before
the Hour of twelve as you desire.
I have the Honour to be
(Signed) H. Clinton
Major General Lincoln.
Articles of Capitulation proposed by Major General Lincoln.
Art. 1st. That all acts of Hostilities and Work shall cease
between the Besiegers & Besieged, Untill the Articles of Capit-
ulation shall be agreed on, Signed, & executed, or collectively
Art. 2nd. The Town & fortifications shall be Surrendred
to the Commander in Chief of the British Forces, such as
they now Stand.
Art. 3. The Continental troops & Sailors, with their Bag-
gage shall be conducted to a place to be agreed on, where they
38 THE JOURNAL OF
will remain Prisoners of War, Untill exchanged. — ^While
Prisoners, they shall be supplied with good & wholesome pro-
visions, in such Quantity as is served out to the troops of his
Art. 4th. The Militia now in Garrison shall be permitted
to return to their respective homes, and be secured in their
Persons & Property.
Art. 5th. The sick & wounded shall be continued under
the care of their own Surgeons, and be supplied with Medi-
cines, and such necessaries as are allowed to the British
Art. 6th. The oflficers of the Army & Navy shall keep
their Horses, swords. Pistols & Baggage, which shall not be
searched, and retain their Servants.
Art. 7th. The Garrisons shall at an hour appointed, march
out with Shouldred arms. Drums beating, and Colours flying,
to a place agreed on, where they will pile their Arms.
Art. 8th. That the French Consul, his House, Papers, and
other moveable property, shall be protected & untouched, and
a proper time granted to him for retiring to any place that
may afterwards be agreed on between him & the Commander
in Chief of the British Forces.
Art. gth. That the Citizens shall be protected in their
Persons & Properties,
Art. loth. That a twelve months time be allowed all such
as do not choose to continue under the British Government ; to
dispose of their effects, real & personal in the State, without
any molestation whatever, or' to remove such part thereof as
they Choose, as well as themselves & families; and that during
that time, they, or any of them, may have it at their option to
reside occationaly in Town or Country.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 39
Art. nth. That the same protection to their persons &
Properties, & the same time for the removal of their effects, be
given to the subjects of France & Spain, as are required for the
Citizens in the preceeding articles.
Art. 1 2th. That a Vessel be permitted to go to Philadel-
phia with the Genls despatches, which are not to be opened:
(Signed) B. Lincoln
Charlestown May 8th 1780.
May 8th 1780
As I wish to Communicate with the Admiral upon the sub-
ject of your last letter, I have to desire that an Aid-de-Camp
may be permitted to pass to the Fleet for that purpose.
I have the Honour to be etc., etc.,
(Signed) H. Clinton
Maj Genl Lincoln.
May 8th 1780
In order to give the Articles of Capitulation which you have
proposed a due consideration, I propose that the Cessation of
Hostilities shall Continue untill tomorrow morning at Eight
OClock, and that in the mean time every thing shall Continue
in its present Situation, if you accede to this, you will please
to give me immediate Information of it.
(Signed) H. Clinton
Maj Genl Lincoln.
40 THE JOURNAL OF
g. May 8th 1780
I accede to your proposal, that Hostilities shall cease untill
tomorrow morning, Eight OClock, and that in the mean time
all works shall continue in their present State.
(Signed) B. Lincoln.
His Excellency Sir H. Clinton.
c- May 8th 8 OClock P. M.
Your answer to my letter proposing the Continuation of the
truce untill to morning at Eight OClock, only accedes to the
Cessation of Hostilities, & that in the mean time all works
shall Continue in their present State; but my proposition was
that untill that time everything should Continue in its present
Situation ; & my meaning was, that there should be an attempt
made to remove any of the troops, or destroy any of the Ships,
Stores or other Effects whatever, now in the Town or Har-
If your idea is the Same, I must request you will express
your Self more explicitly.
(Signed) H. Clinton
May 8th 1780
In Agreeing that the truce should be Continued untill Eight
OClock tomorrow morning, & all works remain as they were.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 41
I meant to accede to your proposal that everything should Con-
tinue in its present Situation, which I again assent to.
(Signed) B. Lincoln
His Excellency Sir H. Clinton
Articles of Capitulation, as proposed By Major General Lin-
coln, and Answered by their Excellencies General Sir
Henery Clinton, K. B. And Vice Admiral Arbuthnot.
Art. 1st. All acts of Hostilities and work shall cease untill
the Articles of Capitulation are finally agreed to or rejected.
Art. 2nd. The Town & Fortifications, with the Shipping
at the Wharves, Artillery and all Public Stores whatsoever,
shall be surrendered in their present State to the Commanders
of the investing Forces. Proper Officers shall attend from the
respective Departments to receive them.
Art. 3rd. Granted.
Art. 4th. The militia now in Garrison shall be permitted
to return to their respective homes, as Prisoners upon Parole;
which Parole, so long as they observe it, shall secure them from
being molested in their Property by the British Troops.
Art. 5th. Granted.
Art. 6th. Granted; except with respect to their Horses,
which will not be allowed to go out of town, but may be dis-
posed of by a Person left from each Corps for that purpose.
Art. 7th. The whole Garrison shall at an hour to be ap-
pointed, march out of the Town to the ground Between the
Works of the place & the Canal, where they will deposit their
arms. The Drums are not to beat A British march, or Col-
ours to be uncased.
42 THE JOURNAL OF
Art. 8th. Agreed; with this restriction, that he is to con-
sider himself as a prisoner on Parole.
Art. 9th. All Civil Officers, & the Citizens who have
Borne Arms during the Siege, must be Prisoners on Parole;
and with respect to their property in the City, shall have the
same terms as are granted to the militia. And all other per-
sons now in the Town, not described in this, or other Article,
are notwithstanding understood to be Prisoners on Parole.
Art. lOth. The Discussion of this Article, of Course, can-
not possibly be entered into at present.
Art. nth. The Subjects of France & Spain shall have the
same terms as are granted to the French Consul.
Art. 1 2th. Granted; and a proper Vessel with a flag will
be provided for that purpose.
All Public papers & records must be carefully preserved, &
faithfully delivered, to such persons as shall be appointed to
(Signed) H. Clinton
M. T. Arbuthnot
Camp before Charlestown
May 9th 1780.
May 9th 1780.
In reply to your Answers on the Articles of Capitulation, I
must remark that in their present State they are inadmissable,
and have to propose that these now sent may be acceded to.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 43
If any further explaination should be necessary, I have to
purpose also, that two or three Gentlemen be appointed to meet
& Confer on the subject.
I have the Honour to be etc.,
(Signed) B. Lincoln.
His Excellency Sr. H. Clinton.
Alterations of Articles of Capitulation, proposed by Major
Art. 2nd. The Town & Fortifications, with the Shipping at
the Wharves, (excepting those which are private property) and
all public stores, shall be surrendered in their present State to
the Commander in Chief of the British Forces.
Art. 4th. The militia now in Garrison, shall be permitted
to return to their respective Homes, wnth their Baggage, Un-
molested, & not be considered as Prisoners of War.
Art. 6th. Such of the Officers as may be unwilling to dis-
pose of their Horses, may keep them.
Art. 7th. This article to stand as at first proposed, the
Drums not Beating A British march.
Art. 8th. The French Consul never having borne Arms,
and acting in a Civil Capacity is not to be Considered as a
prisoner of War.
Art. 9th. The Citizens & all other persons, now in Town,
who are Inhabitants of this State, shall be secured in their per-
sons & properties, both in Town and Country, and not be con-
sidered Prisoners of War.
Art. loth. This Article to Stand as at first proposed. The
persons who may Claim the previledge therein expressed, giv-
ing their Parole that they will not act against the British Gov-
ernment untill they are exchanged.
44 THE JOURNAL OF
Art. II. This Article to Stand as at first proposed, with
the same restrictions as are mentioned in Art. loth.
In order to prevent disputes, it is to be understood, that all
officers of the Continental Army, who are Citizens of this State,
be entitled to all the Benefits of Citizens with regard to the
security of their Property.
All publick records now in Town, will be delivered to such
persons as may be appointed to receive them.
(Signed) B. Lincoln.
Done at Charlestown May 9th 1780.
„. May 9th 1780
No other motives but those of Forbearance and Compassion
induced us to renew offers of Terms you certainly had no
The alterations you propose are all Utterly inadmissable.
Hostilities will in Consequence Commence Afresh at Eight
(Signed) H. Clinton
M. T. Arbuthnot
Majr Genl Lincoln.
(^. Charlestown May nth 1780.
The same motives of humanity, which inclined you to pro-
pose Articles of Capitulation to this Garrison, Induced me to
offer those I had the honour of Sending you on the 8th Inst.
They then appeared to me such as I might proffer. And you
receive with honour to both parties your exceptions to them, as
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 45
they principally concerned the militia and Citizens, I then con-
ceived were such as Could not be concerned with; but a recent
application from those People, Wherein they express a Will-
ingness to Comply with them, and a wish on my part to lessen
as much as may be, the Distresses of war to Individuals, lead
me now to ofifer you my acceptance of them.
I have the Honour to be Sir etc.,
(Signed) B. Lincoln.
Camp before Charlestown May loth 1780.
When you rejected the favourable terms which were dic-
tated by an earnest desire to Prevent the effusion of Blood, and
interposed Articles that were wholly unadmissable, both the
Admiral and my Self were of opinion that the Surrender of
the Town at Discretion was the only Condition that should be
afterwards attended to ; but as the motives which then Induced
them, are still prevalent, I now Inform you that the terms then
offered will still be granted.
A copy of the Articles shall be sent for your Ratification as
soon as they Can be prepared, and immediately after they are
exchanged, a Detachment of Granadiers will be sent to take
possession of the Horn Work apposite your main gate, every
arrangement which may Conduce to good order in Occupying
the Town, shall be settled before noon tomorrow, and at that
time your Garrison shall march out.
I have the honour to be Sir
Your most obt. & Humbl. Sert.
(Signed) H. Clinton
Majr Genl Lincoln.
A BOOK OF GENERAL ORDERS
FOR THE YEAR 1777
Captain Robert Kirkwood
"Capt. Robt. Kirkwood's Book of General Orders for the
year 1777 with a Journal of Marches performed by the Dela-
ware Regt for sd year, in the last part of the Book."
(March ist 1777)
Proceedings of a Reigmental Court Martial held at Hel'
Co. this ist day of March 1777 (for the trying of a certain
James Pemberton charged with stealing a piece of check lin-
nen) whereof Capt. Enoch Anderson is President.
Lt. 1 ,^ , rEns. Hyat
_, . y Members J ^'
rarvisj 1 Ens, Jordan
All members being present.
Court adjourned untill 2 OClock P. M. all members pres-
The Prisoner being called the question being put guilty or
not guilty (Prisoner) pleads not guilty.
Evidence — James Moones, being called & sworn, sayeth gt.
Prisoner had a piece of check, which he endeavoured to
conceal under his coat, but Mr. Jordan ordered him to come
back the road he was going which was towards Wilmington
he moving it from the fore part to the back part of his coat
he the sd Moones, saw the check; and told him to hide it
under the snow, for he would be detected with it.
The Prisoner being asked if the above oath were true or
not he replyed that he had nothing with him that he was
affraid of being detected with, & being asked again if he had
the check, sd. he had none but an old check shirt
Evidence — Hugh Coffel, being sworn sayeth gt. he the sd.
Pemberton had a quantity of check which appeared to be new
with fringes or thrumbs on it, as is common from the loom.
50 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Evidence — Cornelius Grimes being sworn sayeth that the
prisoner told him he took a check shirt with him to Wilming-
ton. From circumstances which appear after ye evidence
being called & duly examined the court are of opinion that
James Pemberton is guilty of the charge laid against him, and
do sentence him to receive thirty nine lashes on his bare back
well laid on with the cat o nine tails ; & also to make restitu-
tion for the linen. The commanding officer approves of the
sentence, & orders the punishment to be put in execution this
Head Quarters, Princeton March 27th 1777
The General is very sorry there should be so much founda-
tion for the frequent complaints of the sodery, respecting their
pay and cloathing, he is very sensible of these difficulties and
promises them everything in his power to have them speedily
The officers of the different Corps, are for this purpose
immedietely to make out their pay rolls & returns for the
necessaries, and despatch them by proper persons, who will
procure them without delay.
March 28th 1777
The detachments from the 3rd 4th & lOth Pennsylvania
Batt. are to form one Corps and be under the immediet Com-
mand of Major Larmer, the Adj't or one appointed for that
duty to give in the returns of the Whole. Morning Reports
are to be punctually given in at 10 OClock
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
Genl Orders "^th March 1777
All the Carpenters belonging to the Different Corps are to
parade at Head Quarters at eight OClock to morrow morn-
ing. Additional wages will be given to good workmen.
Publick worship wnll be performed by the Revd. Dr. With-
erspoon tomorrow at the Meetinghouse, all the Troops are to
attend precisely at 1 1 OClock. The officers to see the men
parade exactly at that time, in neat & proper order and be
examplary in their attendance.
Head Quarters Princeton 30th March 1777
All the Troops in Camp to Parade to morrow morning at
guard Mounting. James Robinson, & Matt. Jones, under
sentence of Death for Desertion are to be Executed to morrow
between the hours of 10 & 11 OClock Major Larmer's De-
tachment from ye 3rd, 8th & 9th Virgr. Regt. & Capt. Scheirs
Independant Company to hold themselves in readiness to march
immediately after Execution tomorrow.
Princeton March 30th 1777
The Court met according to Orders, Proceeds
' Members -
, do. Rhea
52 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Geo. Hofman Judge Advocate Pro Tempore Nicholas Luke
a Soldier Brought Before the Court Martial For Desertion,
The Prisoner pleads guilty
The Court Considering him, Sentence him to Receive 50
Lashes, on his bare back vi^ell laid on v^^t ye Cat o' nine Tails.
Isaac Pain Soldier, brought before the Court for Desertion,
Prisoner pleads not guilty
Evidence — Lt, Reynolds The Court finds the prisoner
guilty And do Sentence him to Receive 15 Lashes & to be
Discharged from the Service.
William Watson Brought before the Court for mutiny &
Drawing his Bayonet on Lt. Bowman the Court Sentence him
to receive 400 Lashes
(March 30th 1777)
Moses Joab a Soldier Brought before the Court for taking
of a waggon and Horses the Prisoner pleads guilty. And Sen-
tence him to Receive 100 Lashes & have 3 Dollars stop't out
of his Wages to be paid to the waggoner.
James Bartley a Soldier Brought before the Court for Steal-
ing and Selling a Shirt, the Prisoner pleads not guilty. The
Court finds him guilty. And do Sentence him to Receive lOO
Hopewell Jewell Brought before the Court for Stealing and
imbezeling a Continental Mare, the Court finds him guilty,
and do Sentence him to Receive lOO Lashes; s'd Jewell is to
Receive 25 pr. Day untill he has got the lOO Lashes. Should
the Mare be brought before Monday night he then Receives
the whole at once.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 53
Jno Bryan A Soldier on Suspicion of Desertion James Mur-
phy for persuaiding Jno Bryan to Enlist with Ens. Carpenter
knowing that he Before was Inlisted. the Court Sentence
Bryan to Receive lOO Lashes & Murphy to Receive 50 Lashes.
Samuel M Murry brought before the Court for getting
Drunk & Stealing i pair Shoes. No Evidence appears for
Stealing is therefore Sentenc'd to Receive 15 Lashes for get-
Andrew McCoy A Suttler brought before the Court for
fraud & Extortion, the Court finds him guilty & Sentence him
to Receive 100 Lashes & be drummed out of the Camp & never
permitted to Sell any more.
The Above Sentence has been approv'd of by the Genl.
Apl 9th 1777
The Officers of the Differrent detachment are to Attend at
Mr. Days Quarters Adjst to the 2nd Virgi. Regt for orders
and Details at 2 OClock Presisely.
Apl loth 1777
I C, I L, 2 S, 2 C, 25 P of the nth Regt with three days
Provisions to parade at head Quarters to morrow morning at 6
Apl 15th 1777
I C, I L, 2 S, 2 C, 30 P of the Delaware Detachment with
three Days Provisions to march to the Enemys Lines Tomor-
row morning & Relieve Capt. Hines now on Scout.
54 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Genl orders from Morriston Apl 25 1777 Coins and Com-
manding Officers of Corps must Cause their Reigmental pay
Masters to make up their Pay abstracts to the first of this
month, & order them to attend at the Paymaster Generals for
Proper attention to genl orders of this nature Issued the 2ist
Last month would not only have moved the Complaint of the
Soldiers for want of their pay to frequently made to the Com-
mander in Chief, but would have saved them much trouble in
Settling their Account for money drawn uppon Acct. and the
most punctual obedience must be paid to this order no Execuse
for delay will Admitted.
They are also to make Returns of the medicins and Instru-
ments in their Possession to the Director General at Head
Quarters on Monday next.
The Ad jut Genl will transmit you Copies of this to gentn
Apl 26 1777
A Court of Enquiry to Set Tomorrow at 9 OClock at
Major Taylors Quarters.
Major Taylor to Preside.
Light Horse i C O L
Col. Antl I C I L
9th V. Reigt o C o L
D. B. o C I L
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 55
Apl 30th 1777
Procedings of A Court Martial held at princeton
C. Anderson ^ r
Lt. Wilds f-members-i „ „ , „
„ . Ens. Campbell
Lt. Purvis J I
Saml McMurry A Soldier brought before the Court for
getting Drunk & neglect of Duty.
Prisoner being Called pleads guilty The Court after Con-
sidering the nature of the offence & bad tendency of Drunken-
ness Sentence him to Receive 50 Lashes on his bare back.
Head Quarters Princeton May 4th 1777
The Follovv^ing orders Came from his Ecellency this Morn-
ing and is to be Perticularly Observed By the Officers in this
Division of the Army.
Every Corps must put their Arms in the best firing order
and compleatly furnished With Amunition the Commanding
Officers w^ill see this done, as they vrill Answer for the Least
neglect of this Important duty.
The Qr M. Genl to Furnish them with tents and proper
Convenniencies to Carry them, that they may be Ready to move
with the Troops at Shortest notice.
The Genl Laments the necessity he is Laid under of Repeat-
ing his orders by which the Officers were forbid to Ride About
the Country This Absenting themselves from their Duty — if
any Sudden Call for Offensive or Defensive measures Should
be made during their Absence, they assuredly will be Brought
to Severe Acct.
56 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Major Genrls will Publish those Orders at their Re-
spective posts, for which purpose the Adjt Generals will fur-
nish them wt Copies.
The Commanding Officer of Companies or Detachments are
Immediately to make out five Muster Rolls of Each Company
or Detachment Printed forms of muster Rolls may be had by
Applying to the deputy Muster Master Gen. at Head Quar-
ters, Col. Hazen's Reg't to Parade for muster at lO OClock
on Tuesday morning and the other Troops in Princeton at
three in the Afternoon. Those at Kingston will parade on
Wednesday forenoon at lo OClock and then at Rocky hill at
3 P. M. on the same day .
(May 4th 1777)
Every Soldier whose Absence is not Accounted for on the
Muster Rols Must without fail appear on the parade — The
Rolls to be made out Alphabetically & the non effectives to be
placed After the Effectives.
Proceedings of A Court Martial of the Line May ist 1777
Capt. M Connell Prisident.
Capt. Anderson "1 f Lt. Hoops
L,. Gilbert J™"''"'! Lt. Tallott
Francis Dougherty of Capt. Dorseys Comp. tried for being
insolent & Drunkness sentenced to Receive 50 Lashes.
Thomas Donaldson of Capt. Nevin's Company tried for be-
ing Drunk on his post Sentenced to Receive 150 Lashes.
Patrick Ferrel of Capt. M Connell's Company for being
Drunk and Attempting to desert Sentenced to Receive 200
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 57
The Genrl Approves of the Sentence and orders them to be
put in Execution to Morrow at the Releiving of the Guards.
Timothy Collins, and William Man, are forgiven for their
Crimes and ordered to Join their Reigt.
Head Quarters May 4 1777
The Genl again orders that the whole of the Troops turn
out and are on the Parade at the beating of the Ravalie and
the Officers Are to Maneuver them untill Sun Rise the Com-
manding Officers of Corps must Remember for to have all
their men Provided with three Days Provision Ready Cook'd
The Genl Perticulary forbids the Commanding officers of
guards not to suffer any of the guards to be Absent from their
guards Either day or Night untill properly Relieved it is with
surprise the Genl hears it is A Common Practice when at the
Advanced Posts of the Enemy.
Any Officers Commanding guards who shall suffer any of
their Officers or men to be Absent untill Properly Relieved
may Depend on his being Arrested.
Officer of the Day Col. Stone a Subaltern from the Artilery
to Visit the Barracks & Hospital to Morrow.
The Genl Positively forbids any Person whatever found
firing or Discharging his Arms near the Camp, Every Officer
or Non Commissioned officer who finds any person guilty of
that Malicious Practice Must Immediatly tye them up & give
them 20 Lashes without Tryal.
The Artilery Must Parade on the Grand Parade, Every
Morning at the Break of Day and Fire a morning gun at
which time all the Drums in Camp Must beat the Reivelie all
the Drums & fifes in Camp Must attend with the Drum
Major of Col. Antles Reigt. to beat the troop Retreat & Tatto
58 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Such who do not Attend, the Drum Major Must Confine
them & they Shall be punished.
The Following order came from his Exellency to day is to
be perticularly observed by the Officers in this Department.
It having been observed that no truth of Adhering to A
former order, but the Contrairey some officers make A Prac-
tice of Riding Continental Horses as well as them Belonging
to the Inhabitants in the Neighbourhood of the Army.
The Commander in Cheif posittively Declares that if any
Off, in the Returns will Dare to Presume to Ride any Horse
Either Publick or Private, Without Leave first obtain'd from
the proper Ofr, if a Publick Horse, or from the Owner if
Private property; Shall Immediatly be Brought to tryal by A
Genl Court Martial.
Head Quarters May 15th 1777
As few Vices are Attended with more pernicious Conse-
quences in Civil life, so there are none more fatal in A Mili-
tary one than that of Gaming which often brings Disgrace, &
Ruin upon OfEs & Injury and Punishment on Soldiers, & Re-
ports Prevailing which it is to be feared are too well founded
that this pernicious Vice has Shead its banefull influence in the
Army and in perticular to the Prejudice of the Recruiting
Service the Commander in Cheif in the most pointed & Expli-
cat terms forbids all Of¥s & Soldiers Playing at Cards or Dice
or any other games except that of Exercise for Diversions it
being impossible if the practice be Allowed at all to Descrimi-
nate between Innocent play for Amusement And Criminal
Gaming for Pecunary Sordid purposes,
Offs attentive to their Duty will find Abundant Imployment
in training and Dissipling their Men, providing for them and
Seeing that they appear Neat & Clean and Soldier like, nor
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 59
will any thing Redound more to their Honour, Afford more
Solid Amusement or better Answer the End of their Appoint-
ment than to devote the Vacant Moments they may have to the
Study of Military Authors.
The Commanding Off. of every Corps are Strictly enjoined
to have the orders frequently Read and Strongly impressed
upon the minds of them under his Command, Any Off. or
Soldier or other person belonging to or following the Army
Whether in Camp, in Quarters, or on the Recruiting Service,
or Else where presuming under any pretence to Disobey this
order Shall be tryed by A Genl Court Martial.
The Genl Offs in each Division of the Army are to pay
the Strictest attention to the Due execution thereof.
The Adjt. Genl is to transmit Copies of this order to the
Different parts of the Army also to Cause the Same to be
immediatly Published in the Gazzet of Each State for the
Information of Offs Dispersed on the Recruiting Service.
Field Off. of the day tomorrow Major Forrest An Off. from
Col. Adam's Reigt, to visit the Barracks to Morrow.
The Genl Court martial now Setting is fully Disolved.
Head Quarters i6th May 1777
A Genl Court Martial to Sit to Morrow, morning at 9
OClock at the Meeting House.
Col. Hall Prisident
Col. Antle iC 2L
Col. Hall I C I L
Col. Stone 2C 2L
Col. Adams iC 2L
5 C 7 L
6o THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Commissary When there is no vegitables to be had is
to Deliver flower to the Soldiers in Liew of their Rations of
Feild Off, of the Day tomorrow Major Stewart
An Off. from Col. Antles Rigt to Visit the Barracks and
I C, I L, 2 S, 2 C, 30 P from Col. Stones Detachment to
Parade with three Days Provisions to Morrow Morning to
Relieve the Scout.
Head Quarters 17th May 1777
Field Off. of the day Col. Woodford An Officer to Visit
the Barracks from Col. Adams.
Head Quarters i8th May 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Col. Stone.
The Adjutant of the Congress' own Reigt to attend at Head
Quarters tomorrow, to Act as Adjt. of the Day. A Court of
Inquiry to Sit Tomorrow morning at 10 OClock. Col. Adams
to Sit as President A Capt, from each Reigt to Attend as mem-
bers this Court to Inquire into the Charges Against Daniel
Williams & Ferguson McClain, Oonfin'd on Suspicion of
Having held Correspondence with the Enemy, and Acting
unfriendly to America; the Offs of the Several Corps are
desired to see that Proper Returns are made of the Waggons
and tents that are Necessary for their Respective Reigts, &
the Deputy QrGl is to Supply them Immediately one tent only
to be allowed for Six men. The QrMGenl of the Several
Reigts to make Return of what Amunition may be Wanting
to Compleat each man to 24 Rounds.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 6i
f^ Head Quarters at Princeton 19th May 1777
:" Feild Off. of the Day Col. Stone.
g Col. Adams to furnish the Adjt. of the day The Offs of the
^ Several guards are Desired if one Wm. Delawin Should ap-
w pear with A pass from his Exellency Genl Washington to go
g unto Brunswick that they cause him to be Sent to the Genls
^ Quarters Near the Colledge.
^ The Court of Inquiry appointed to Sit yesterday Are also
^ appointed to Inquire unto the Conduct of Capt. Ewing in the
"S Scrimage with the Enemy on Thursday last, Capt. Heron and
§ all other Witnesses to Attend at 12 OClock this Day and wait
•^ the Courts order.
D Col. Adams to be Immediately furneshed with A Coppy of
3 this order, And Capt. Ewing with Another,
«^ The Genl intreats the Offs of the Several Reigts to Improve
TS Every Oppertunity for Menouvering & Desciplining their
g Troops and he further Requests them to be perticularly Care-
I full to have the Rolls Called twice A day. As Nothing more
^ Conducive to the health of Soldiers than their being kept neat
§ & clean, the Genl Requests the Offs to be Attentive to them,
c & to Confine Such as will not (after being Admonished) pay
.^ proper attention to their Dress and Appearance.
^ The Morning Reports to be made in future at 8 OClock,
"^ The Feild Off. day is to be regularly relieved by the Field Off.
c of the Succeeding day, at the time of the Guards being paraded,
O where both of them are Requested to Attend in future.
•^ The troop is to beat at 8 OClock the long Roll is to beat in
S each Reigt at half past Seven at which time the Parade for
2 Guards & Fatagus are to parade Ready to march to the Grand
o parade as Soon as the Troops begin to beat. The Adjts of the
Several Reigts are to March their parties on & Deliver them
U over to the Adjt of the present day, who is to Deliver them
62 THE ORDER BOOK OF
over to the Adjt of the Preceiding. The Off. of Fatague,
when Such as is appointed is to attend on the Parade to take
Charge of the fateague party. A Subl. & 20 men for fatague
All the Field Offs are Desired to attend at head Quarters
this Evening at 6 OClock except those on Duty, the Adjt to
attend orderly time at Eleven OClock each Day.
Head Quarters Prince Town May 20th 1777
Field Officer of the day Major Stuart, Adjt of the day Col.
Antill. The Troops at each part to turn out at Revellee' beat-
ing and assemble on the Grand parade and remain there till the
sun rises up. All the Officers are Desired to attend the Parade
with, their Troops. The Drum & Fife Majors of the 3 Reigts
Stationed at Princeton, and one Drummer from each of those
Reigts to Attend at Head Quarters this Afternoon at 4 OClock
to receive Some orders from the Genls Aid de Camps, the
Qrms of the Reigts Stationed at Princeton are to attend at
head Quarters at 5 OClock this Afternoon all non Commis-
sioned Offs and Soldiers are Strictly forbid to hold any Corre-
spondence or Conversation with the British Soldiers in and
about this town, all Commissioned Offs are Directed to order
under Confinement, any non Commissioned Off. or Soldier
which they may discover conversing with Such British Soldiers.
The Adjuts are in future to have the Parole and Counter-
sign delivered out to give at orderly time Seal'd up, which they
are not to open till Tattoo beating, & then Send it to the offs
Commanding the guard, in their Respective Departments,
Should any Sentry Desert his post, After the Countersign is
given, the Commanding Off. is to Alter the Counter Sign in
the Departments, notice of which is to be immediatly Sent to
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 63
Head Quarters, The Sutlers in and about Princeton to make
Returns to the Adjt Qm. Genl of their Names and the man-
ner of appointment As soon as possible. Col. Hall Command-
ing at Rock'y hill is ordered to Send And relieve. Col. Stone's
Scouting Party, Consisting i Capt. 2 Subs 2 Serjts 2 Corps &
Forty Privates, this Evening at 6 OClock they to provide
themselves with 4 days Provision.
Head Quarters 21st May 1777
Field Off. of the Day Major How^ard, Adjt of the Day
from Col. Adams, Patrick McCallaster of Capt. Kirkwood's
Comp. of the Delavv^are Reigt Sentenced by a Genl Court
Martial to Receive 50 Lashes for Stealing a Rifle & Selling the
Same, the Genl approves of the Sentence, & orders it to be put
in execution at the head of the Reigt tomorrow morning at
Jas Collins of the 2nd Maryland Reigt Sentenced by the
Court to Receive 100 Lashes for Desertion, the Genl Approves
the Sentence & orders it to be put in Execution at the head of
the Reigt to morrow morning at 8 OClock, Peter Robinson of
Capt. Herons Comp. Col. Hazens Reigt, tryed for Leaving his
post & for Desertion, Sentenced to Receive 100 Lashes for each
offence, the Genl approves the Sentence, & orders the Execu-
tion tomorrow morning at 8 OClock at the head of the Reigt.
Hanna Taylor tryed for persuaiding the Soldiers to Desert,
found not guilty the Genl orders her immediatly Released.
John Chard 2nd Maryland Reigt tried at the Same Court
for Sleeping on his post Sentenced to Receive lOO Lashes well
laid on, the Genl Approves the Sentence, & orders it to be
executed at the head of the Reigt tomorrow morning at 8
64 THE ORDER BOOK OF
OClock the Court Martial to Sit again to morrow morning at
9 OClock to try Such persons as may be brought before them.
Fergusson M'Clain trued at a Court of enquiry on Suspicion
of being an enemy to his Country.
The Court finding no evidence against him, the Genl orders
his immediat Release.
A Return of the Drums & fifes wanting in the Several
Reigts are to be made immediately.
Head Quarters May 22nd 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Major Taylor.
Ad jut. of the Day Col. Adams Adjt.
A Weekly Return of All the troops in this Department to
be made at Head Quarters on Saterday at orderly time.
The Court of Inquiry Already apponted are to enquire into
the Conduct of Mary Quin Confin'd on Suspicion of being an
Enemy to her Country, Also into the Conduct of Daniel Wil-
liams, & John Jakel taken up going to the Enemy, all Wit-
nesses to attend tomorrow morning at nine OClock.
Head Quarters 23rd May 1777
Feild ofF. of the Day
Adjt of the Day
Barbara Bowie tryed by A Genl Court Martial for Per-
suaiding the Soldiers to Desert & found not guilty.
The Genl Approves the Sentence & orders her Release.
(May 23rd 1777)
Hugh Wallace of Col. Hazen's Reigt tryed for Desertion,
from that Reigt & Joining in Another of the Maryland Reigts
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 65
into which he had previously Inlisted. The Court Adjudge
him to refund the money he Rec'd of the Off. in Col. Hazen's
Reigt though the Genl Supposes the Court must have had
some Mittigating Evidence before them, in favor of the Pris-
oner, beside what accompanies the Sentence to Induce them to
Pass so faivourable A Sentence Yet he finds himself oblidged
to Disaprove it on account of its Incertainty, & orders the
Prisoner to Remain for further Consideration, the Genl orders
for the future the Judge Advocate to take down in writing the
whole Evidences & furnish him with A Coppy at the time he
Received the Proceedings of the Court Martial.
The Court finding no evidence against Danl Williams John
Jakel, Danl McGuire, & James Robinson, the Genl orders
their immediet Release.
The Genl Cannot forbear expressing his astonishment at
the number of prisoners, Dailey confined in this Department
as those Prisoners as well as the Rest of the Soldery are pos-
sessed of Rational faculties, He desires them Seriously to Re-
flect on the Differrence that Soldiers Situation — who Consious
of Doing his duty Fears no Punishment & Reasonably expects
favour, Countenance and prefirment, and that of a Soldier
whose Constant beheavour Exposes him to the Censure of his
Country, the Resentment of his Offs, and the Several Punish-
ments by Sentence of Court Martials: punishment not only
hard to endure, but must in their Consequences make them
infamous among their fellow Country men forever After, it
is truly astonishing that Considerations of the Sort Should
have escaped the Lowest Soldier and what is yet more Surpris-
ing is that there Should be persons in the American Army so
Lost to every principal of virtue, & Since of his own Happi-
ness as to Attempt Desertion to an Enemy Already Destressed
by famine and worn out with fatigue, and who Dailey live in
66 THE ORDER BOOK OF
fearfull expectation of feeling the Weight of American Resent-
ment, that this is the Situation of the British Army at present
all the prisoners and Deserters agree. And the wreched Regu-
lars now among them with tears Confess it to their friends
when among them, while all Europe is arming in favour of
the Americans, while volunteers from all the States in Europe
are coming into venture their Lives in favour of American
freedom and while the Enemy Acknowledges that they have
no prospect of Conquering this Country, what can Induce
Persons to Desert to Such A Wreched Enemy, who have dis-
tinguished themselves by their Cruelty to the misguided Sol-
diers who have Deserted to them, as by their inhumanity to
the Inhabitants of this State who have fallen into their Power.
The Sentence of A Genl Court Martial ordering Richd
Burrest of Col. Hazen's Reigt to be Shot for Desertion is
approved the time for execution will be fixed in future orders.
The Bakers in the Several Reigts to Attend the Commissary
to morrow morning at Eight OClock and Receive his orders.
Head Quarters 24 May 1777
Field Off. of the Day to Morrow Col. Antill.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Antills Adjt.
The Commander in Cheif positively Directs that all ofEs.
Stationed at out posts do not Come to Morristown but when
their Business Absolutely Requires it, and in that case that
they Return to their posts with all possible expedition.
Thos. Mullen Esqr. is appointed Brigade Major to Brigadr
Genl Debarre & is to be respected & obey'd as Such, A number
of Horses having been Drawn from the QrM. Gnl for per-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 67
ticular Services & not Returned when the Business was per-
formed, all Offs of Regts & others in possession of Horses
Belonging to or hired by the States, are immedietly to return
to the QrM. Genl his Deputy or Assistants in the Districts
they may be at, the Genl Offs are to order Returns to be made
of any publick horses imployed in their families that the States
of the Horses Belonging to the Army may be known.
Valantine Peers Esqr. is appointed Brigade Major to Briga-
dier Genl Weeden & is to be Respected and Obey'd as Such,
Lewis Woodruff Esqr. is appointed deputy Muster Master
Cols & Commanding Offs of Regts and Corps must Cause their
Reigmental Paymasters to make up their pay Abstracts to the
30th day of April or exclusive, & order them to attend to the
paymaster Genls office for the money, they must be examined
& Signed by their Respective Commanding Offs & Brigadiers
who Will Diligently Compare them with the dailey & weekly
Reigmental Returns & Certify them, the Company Abstracts
must be Deliver'd into the paymaster Genl with the Regtl
abstracts that the great and necessary purpose of Adjusting the
Rank of all the Offs in the American Army may be effected
with all expedition his exellency the Commander in Cheif, is
pleas'd to order that the Feild Offs of each Continental Batt.
do immediatly examine into the present Rank and hear their
pretentions thereto, of all the Capts & Subalterns, Settle them
where they Can to the Satisfaction of all the Gentlemen Con-
cerned and make a full & fair Report of all their proceedings
to the Brigadier commanding their Brigade; & that the Brig-
adiers with the Assistance of the field Offs of their Brigade
do upon the reports of such, proceed to Adjust the Rank of
all their Offs in the Seperate Brigades and make a full and
fair Report of their proceedings. To the Major Genl Com-
68 THE ORDER BOOK OF
manding their Divisions that Should there be any instance of
Dissatisfaction in the Offs they Candidly inumerate by such
Feild Offs and parties Complaining with all their attending
Circumstances & Report it to their respective Brigades Who
Shall Call before them all parties interested enquiring into
their Claims (& if it Cannot be settled with Satisfaction)
make A Special & Particular Report to their Major Genl upon
receipt of which Several Reports; A board of Of¥s will take
a Dispationate Comparative view of the whole & Determine
the Rank in the Army, untill which time it is expected the
Service will not be injured, in Disputes about Rank, but that
every Off. will by an emolous Discharge of his Duty recom-
mend him Self to his Country, & to the promotion he ranks
himself intitled to.
Head Quarters Princeton 25th May 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Majr Forrest.
Adjt of the Day Col. Adam's Adjt.
All the Troops Stationed at Princeton except those on
guard & fatague to Parade for Exercise to morrow 10 OClock
forenoon, The Sentence Against Hugh Wallace being ex-
plained to the Genls Satisfaction the Genl Approves the Sen-
tence and orders that as Soon as he refunds the Money Reed
of Col. Hazen's Off. or of the Off. with whome he Stands
Inlisted in the Maryland Regt will become Responsible for it;
the Said Wallace be Released from his Confinement and return
to his Duty in the Maryland Regt.
The Qrm. to See the Bridge near Kingston mended as Soon
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 69
Head Quarters May 26th 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Majr Stewart.
Adjt of the Day Col. Antles adjt.
The Genl Court Martial to Sit to morrow morning at 9
OClock to try Such matters as may be brought before them.
The Court of Inquiry to Sit at the Same time to Inquire into
A Complaint against Capt. McConnel, for withholding the
Bounty money from Jas Irwing also to Inquire into the Con-
duct of Ens. Hook Accused of Embezling Stores, the Court
Martial to try the Complaint of Capt. Herons against Capt.
Ewings for misbehaving before the Enemy — ^The troops at
Rockey hill and Kingston to parade at Kingston to morrow
three OClock afternoon for Exercise.
As Catridges are now arrived the QrMasters are to make an
Immediet Return and Draw what is wanting to Compleat each
man to 24 Rounds all firing is forbid without Special orders.
All the Armourers and Smiths in the Several Regts to appear
at Head Quarters to morrow morning 9 OClock.
The Genl is Surprised that there has not been more atten-
tion Paid to the orders of the 21st Inst. Relative to A Return
of the Drums and fifes Wanting in the Several Regts.
The Genl Strictly Injoins it upon all Offs of guards and
other Offs that when A Considerable firing of Cannon or
Musketry is heard, they give him immediate notice of it; the
Adjt of the Day is to furnish the Captains of the Main Guard
with the Countersign.
70 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qurts Princeton 27th May 1777
Off. of the Day Major Stewart.
Adjt of the Day Col. Adams.
Genl orders, all the Carpenters & Wheelrights at Princeton
to parade at Head Qurts to morrow morning at 9 OClock. A
Scouting party Consisting of one Capt. one Subl. two Serjts
two Corpls & 36 privates ordered out of Col. Stones Regt
to Relieve A Scouting party at the Quaker Meeting house on
Brunswick Road, to be on the ground to morrow morning at 9
OClock to try Lt. Sanford for Neglect of Duty & Lt. Hanson
for the Same Offence the Genl expects in future when any Off.
puts another in Arrest they will immedietly Report it at
Head Quarters with A Coppy of the Charge Similar to that
which he leaves with the Off. arrested, the Genl Strictly en-
joins it upon all offs to use their utmost endeavours to appre-
hend all persons who Shall be found Discharging their piece in
and about the Camp that they may be punished. The Court
of enquiry that was Ordered to Sit upon Capt. M Connell is a
mistake, so it appears that James Irving was not Inlisted with
Capt. M Connel but with Capt. Burns; Majr Taylor to Sit
as President of the Court of Inquiry to day in the Room of
Lt. Col. Adams who is Sick.
The guard to be furnished with one Subl. only; as nothing
Can be attended with worse consequences than the Issuing out
a Wrong Countersign. The Genl orders that in Case any
Such thing Should again happen that the Off. of the Day, put
in arrest the Off. who has given it out. As frequent Com-
plaints has been made of the Remisness & Ignorance of the
Kingston guards, the Genl Desires those Offs acquainted with
Camp Duty to instruct the younger Offs in that Department,
that an end may be put to Such Complaints and the Duty done
in a Soldier Like manner.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 71
Princeton 28th May 1777
A Reigmental Court Martial to be held this Day at 9
OClock for the Tryal of Several Prisoners of the Delaware
Reigt Commanded by Col. David Hall; Whereof Capt. Robt
Kirkwood is president.
Lt. Queenault ^ , f Lt. Duff
T T. V members ' _.
Lt. iJratten J \ Lns. Horsman
The Court Adjourned to 9 OClock Thursday morning 29th
Head Qrts Princeton 29th May 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Col. Woodford.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Antle's Adjt.
Wm. Applegate tryed by Genl Court Martial for Desertion
no Evidence appearing to the Court against him the Genl or-
ders him to be Released; Alxr Cook tryed by the Same Court
for Desertion; the Court finds that he inlisted in another Regt
through ignorance and not with any evil Design, & that he has
always behaved as A good Soldier, and Adjudge that twenty
Shillings be Stopped out of his Wages, for the use of the Sick
in the Regt to which he Belongs, and that he do Duty in Col.
Hazens Regt till his proper officer (of the 7th Pensulvania
Regt apply for him.
James Duffy tryed at the Same Court for Desertion the
Court finding no evidence against him, the Genl orders his
Release, & that he Joines Capt. Tories Company.
Alaxander Graham tried by the Same Court for Desertion,
the Court finding no evidence Against him orders him to Join
Capt. Tories Company till Capt. Wilson is present; the Genl
72 THE ORDER BOOK OF
orders him to be released from the guard house & that he Con-
tinue in Capt. Tories Company till Capt. Wilson is present.
The troops at Princeton to Assembel for exercise to morrow
morning at lO OClock at the Grand parade, to have Wooden
knockers instead of flints, all the guns to be Drawn that may
be Loaded; As nothing in War is so essentially Necessary as
the instructing Troops in the Loading and firing motions, &
in the Different Manuevres, the Genl Desires all the Offs to
pay perticular attention to these essential points & not to let
too much time be spent upon the unessensial parts of the Man-
uel Exercise which in time of Action can be but of little use.
The Genl Strictly orders that no Horses be turned into any
persons inclosure but by order of the Qrm. G, Forrage MrGl
Waggon Mr G, or their Deputies or assistants.
The Genl Desires that in future all Soldiers for Small
offences be Confin'd in Qrtr guards, and tryed by Reigmental
Court Martials, also in future one Subl. at least is to be with
every fatague party.
Head Quarters 29th May 1777
Feild OfiE. of the Day, to morrow Lt. Col. Antle.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Adam's Adjt.
The Court of Inquiry now Sitting to inquire into the Com-
plaint against Mary Quin, and Elizabeth Brewer Confined on
Suspicion of being an enemy to their Country.
Head Quarters 29th May 1777
Proceedings of a Genl Court Martial held this day by the
Delaware Regt Commanded by Col. David Hall for the Tryal
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 73
of the undermentioned Prisoners belonging to s'd Regt
Whereof Capt. Robt Kirkwood is Prisident.
Lt. Queenault "1 fLt. Duff
T Ti > members J „ .^
Lt. Brattan J | Lns. Hosman
Saml McMurry of Capt. Andersons Copany Confin'd loth
May by Lt. Col. Antle for being Drunk.
Prisoner being Call'd pleads not guilty, and no evidence ap-
pearing against him this Court is of Opinion that he ought
to be Released from his confinement, therefore orders him to
Join his Company.
George Connoly, a Soldier in the Same Company Confin'd
27th May by Serjt Murphy for Drunkeness & on Suspicion of
Evidence — James Bennet a Soldier in the Same Company,
being duly Sworn deposeth that he told him that
he had found A pocket book with about twenty
pounds in it, that he Could now give him A
treat, & Shewed him an eight Dollar bill, & he
Saw Some other bils in his hand.
The Prisoner on his Defence Sayeth that he had but A four
Dollar bill that he Reed of his Capt. and further Sayeth that
he had an eight Dollar Bill between him and his Comrade.
From Circumstances wich appear after the evidence was
duely Examined, the Court are of opinion the Prisoner is
guilty of the Crimes Laid against him, and do Sentence him
to 25 Lashes well Laid on for being drunk & 150 lashes well
laid on for theift; and what pay may be Due him to the ist
May, stopt and 25/c pr month after that time untill he
Refunds the Sum of Twenty pound twelve Shillings & Six-
74 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Richard Garret a Soldier in the Same Compy Confin'd 27th
May by Serjt Murphy for Drunkeness.
The Prisoner being Calld pleads not guilty.
Evidence — Serjt Murphy being Duly Sworn deposeth that
the prisoner was drunk and he thought unfit for
Duty, but that he is a Quiet harmless fellow
when Sober, & that he never Saw him drunk
Prisoner in his Defence Saith, that being ordered on A party
with Capt. Anderson, and on his Return from the party, was
put on guard and on fatague till with in Some few hours
before he was Confin'd and therefore Left it to the Court to
Judge if he had time to get Drunk, from Circumstances that
appears after the evidence was called and Duely examined, the
Court are of opinion that the prisoner is guilty of the Crime
of Drunkeness, but taking into Consideration the Character
he bears when Sober, & that he is not apt to be in Liquor,
and being the first time he has been Confin'd for any fault
Do acquit him, on Conditions that he promises to do the Like
Head Quarters Princeton 30th May 1777
Feild 0&. of the Day Majr Howard.
Adjt. of the day Col. Antles Adjt.
Lt. Sanford Tryed by A Genl Court Martial for behaving
Unlike A Gentleman and an Off. to Capt. O'Hara, the Court
find him not guilty of the Charge, the Genl approves the Sen-
tence and orders that he Return to his duty.
The troops at Kingston & Rocky hill to Assembel to Mor-
row three OClock afternoon; the Soldiers are to have wooden
knockers instead of flints.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 75
Head Quarters Princeton 31st May 1777
Fefld Off. of the Day Col. Gunby.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Adam's Adjt.
The Court Martial Whereof Col. Hall is President to Sit
on Monday Morning 9 OClock to try Capt. Longstreet, who
is Arrested by Majr Taylor, for making use of Impertinent &
Abusefull Language to him, unbecoming an Off. or Soldier.
A Return to be made Immediatly of all the Catridges on
hand, the Off. Commanding the Several Regts are to See that
their arms & accoutriments are in good order and fit for
The QrMaster is once more Requested to furnish the Sev-
eral Regts with their Quoto of Waggons Immediatly.
Head Quarters Princeton June ist 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Lt. Col. Ramsey.
Adjt. of the Day Col. An tie's Adjt.
Capt. Ewing tryed by A Genl Court Martial for Misbe-
having before the Enemy, the Court are of opinion that the
Charge has Some foundation as he did not Act in Conjunction
with Capt. Heron According to his agreement, or give him
notice when he went off — but as the Circumstance of his not
being made Acquainted with the Signal agree'd on Between
Capt. Longstreet, & Capt. Heron and his former good Con-
duct Appeard in mittigation of the offence the Court Sentence
him to be Reprimanded by the Genl in presence of Capt.
Heron — The Genl Approves the Sentence & orders him and
Capt. Heron to Attend at Head Quarters, or as Soon as Capt.
Heron Returns, all the Soldiers to furnish themselves to Day
76 THE ORDER BOOK OF
with two Days Provisions Ready Dressed & hold themselves
to march on the Shortest notice.
The QrMaster & Commissary to Acquaint themselves every
day with the Genl orders, & Send Some person to take them
off and take the Countersign.
After orders will be issued this Day at 5 OClock P. M.
All Adjts and others whose business it is to take off orders to
The Off. of the Day by no means to go the Grand Rounds
without a Serjt and proper escort when Gr. Rounds are to
be performed on Horseback, it is usual for him to take Some
officers of the Regt to which he belongs & A Serjt with him
He.^d Quarters Princeton June 2nd 1777
Parole Washington C. S. Stephens.
Feild Off. of the Day tomorrow Col. Stone.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Gunby's Adjt.
The Genl Court Martial whereof Col. Hall is Prisident
that was to Sit to Day is to Sit tomorrow morning 9 OClock.
Col. Stone to Send A party Consisting of i C, I L, 2 S, 2 C,
36 P to Releive a Scouting party on Brunswick Road at or
near the Quaker Meeting house to be on the ground tomorrow
morning at 9 OClock well equip't with five Days Provisions.
Col. Stone to give them their Necessary orders.
Head Quarters June 3rd Princeton 1777
Feild off. of the Day to morrow Majr Forrest, Adjt. of the
Day Col. Harzen's
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 77
Head Quarters Princeton June 4th 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Majr Stewart.
Adjt. of the Day tomorrow Col. Hazen's Adjt.
The Adjt. in future to take of orders themselves unless when
Sick or Absent from their Regt. And then A Subaltern must
take the orders.
Head Quarters Princeton June 5th 1777
Feild Oif. of the Day to morrow Majr Stewart.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Hazen's Adjt.
The Court Martial Whereof Col. Hall is President is Ad-
journed. A Genl Court Martial to Sit at ten OClock this
Morning to try Deserters Col. Gunby President, Col. Hazen
to furnish Out of his Regt only for to day 4 C, 4 L. Col.
Gunbys Regt to furnish i C, i L, the Del. Reigt to furnish
I C, I L. The Troops at Princeton to furnish A party to Re-
lieve A Scouting party on the Brunswick Road at or near the
■Quaquer Meeting house, to be on the ground tomorrow morn-
ing 9 OClock the Party to Consist of i C, 3 L, 4 S, 4 C,
100 P Well equipt with five Days provisions.
A party to be Sent from the 3 Regts at Princeton to Relieve
Capt. Heron at Cranbury to Consist of i C, i L, 4 S, 4 C,
A Genl Court Martial to Sit to morrow morning at 9
OClock to try Such matters a Shall be laid before them, Col.
Col. Hall to furnish I C, i L as members; Col. Stones to
Summon from the 3 Regts under his Command 2 C, 3 L as
members of Sd Court. Col. Hazen to furnish from his Regt
78 THE ORDER BOOK OF
2 C, 2 L Col. Gunby to furnish i C, i L and the D. Regt
I L all to be members of the Genl Court Martial. The Genl
flattered himself that tenderness to all Soldiers under his Com-
mand, and A Proper attention to this Comfort, when Join'd
With due Consideration of the Justice of the Cause we are
engaged in, would Strongly operate to Prevent Desertions; but
finding Some Soldiers are deaf to all calls of Justice & Reason,
& void of these gratefull feelings which every Soldier Should
possess, when treated with tenderness & Humanity, he finds
himself under the Disagreeable Necessaty, to punish Deserters
with the greatest Rigour, therefore orders that Richd Burress
be Shot on the Publick parade between the hours of ten in the
forenoon & two in the Afternoon tomorrow.
That the Court Martials in future try Persons for Desertion
before they proceed to any other Business, that they may be
punished as Soon as possible; he further orders the Offs Com-
manding the Scouting parties, & out parties that if any of their
party attempt to Desert and are Retaken that they Cause them
Instantly to be hanged or Shot on the Spot, he further orders
that when any of our out Guards Discover any Soldier attempt-
ing to Desert to the Enemy that they Immedietly fire on them
& kill them on the ground. Every Soldier who may in future
be Discovered near our advanc'd lines without A pass in Writ-
ing Shall be Deem'd Deserters, & punished as Such without
further evidence; that no plea of Ignorance of orders may be
offered in excuse. The Genl orders that all orders be Read at
the head of the Companies at Roll Calling in the Evening & at
the head of the Companies in the morning at Roll Calling, and
that every Capt. of a guard, or picket, or Scouting party Shall
Before he Dismisses his party Cause all orders Issued while he
was on Duty to be Distinctly Read to them. Copy of these
orders to be immedietly Communicated to the Offs Command-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 79
ing at the out posts & to the Commanding offs at Cranbery.
The Genl Court Martial that is to Sit tomorrow is to try Lt.
Price who is under arrest for Neglect of Duty when on guard.
Head Quarters Princeton 6th June 1777 P Hancock, C L
Feild Off. of the Day tomorrow Col. Hall.
Adjt. of the Day to morrow Col. Harzen's Adjt.
James Irving tried by A Genl Court Martial for Deserting,
found guilty, the Court Sentence him to receive 100 Lashes on
his Bare back. Thos. Larkin tried by a Genl Court Martial,
being Charged with an Intention to Desert. Upon a full ex-
amination the Court think proper to Acquit him, the Genl
approves the Sentence And orders him to be immedietly Re-
leased from his Confinement And to go in his Regt.
Head Quarters Princeton 7th June 1777 Pari. Arnold C S
Field Off. of the Day tomorrow Lt. Col. Woolford.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Hazens Adjt.
Robt Buckannon is appointed Judge advocate unto this
Division untill further orders. The Genl Directs that all the
pay Rolls be made up untill the 30th of April agreeable to
former orders, the Pay Drawn and all the men paid off imme-
dietly; Francis Ward and Henery Barrier, both tried by a
Genl Court Martial for attempting to Desert to the enemy the
Court finds them guilty and Sentence them to Suffer Death,
his Exellency Genl Washington has Approv'd the Sentence the
time of execution will be notified in future orders.
8o THE ORDER BOOK OF
The following Regts are of Genl De Boris Brigade; Col.
Hazens, 2nd Maryland, Col. Price, 4th do. Col. Hall, 6th do.
Col. Williams, Genl De Bore is to take Command of his
Brigade & march those Regts at Princeton to Kingston & take
possession of Kingston, Rockey hill & Scudders mill, he is to
furnish the Picquet at the 7 Mile Tavren, also the guards at
Greggs tavren, all the other troops Belonging to the Division
of the Army are to march to Princeton; & take up the ground
of Encampment; the Troops to prepare to Day and to March
to Morrow at 9 OClock.
A Corporal & 4 Men to be Sent Dailey from the Main
guard to Obdikes hill to guard the Beacon the Corporal to take
his orders from Head Quarters, the Main guard to furnish A
Sentry at the Beacon at Princeton daily.
Head Quarters Princeton June 8th 1777
Feild Off. of the Day Col. Antill.
Adjt. of the Day Col. Ramseys Adjt.
Lt. Price tryed by a Genl Court Martial for neglect of
Duty when on guard, found guilty and Sentenced to be Repri-
manded By the Genl in prisence of Col. Stone is also required
to Attend Wm. Steel & Thomas Jonston of Capt. Henerys
Company 5th Maryland Regt, tried by the Same Court for
Attempting to Desert & Sentenced to Receive 100 Lashes each
the Genl Approves the Sentence & orders them to be put in
execution to morrow morning at guard Mounting. Col. Stone
to take command of G^nl Smallwoods Brigade till further
orders, he is to appoint Some Suitable person to Act as Brigade
Major, no light horse is to Stand Sentry on our advanced
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 8i
posts, but Remain in the Rear Ready to give intilligence of
the Enemys movement if necessary all the Mecanicks of Genl
Smallwoods Brigade to attend upon the Assistant QrMaster
General tomorrow morning at 8 OClock to Receive his orders.
The Court of Inquiry Whereof Majr Taylor is president
is Disolved; The troops at princeton to furnish A Scouting
party Consisting of i C, 2 L, 4 S, 4 C, 100 P to releive A
Scouting party on Brunswick Road at or near the Quaker
Meeting house to have five Days Provision to be well equipt
& to be on the ground tomorrow morning at 9 OClock.
Head Quarters 9th June 1777 P. Crambery C S Philada.
Feild Off. of the Day Col. Ramsey.
Adjt. of the day tomorrow Col. Ramseys Adjt.
The Genl Court Martial Whereof Col. Gunby's President
to Sit to morrow morning to try Capt. Ewing for breach of
Genl orders. Major Sherburn to furnish the Court with A
Coppy of the Sentence of the Court martial Against him As
also with A Coppy of Gnl orders of the 7th Inst, respecting
Capt. Ewings Attendance at Head Quarters, Major Sherburn
& Capt. Heron to Attend the Court as Witnesses to prove
Capt. Ewings non Attendance; the guard at the 7 Mile tavren
is to be by no means Commanded by A Subaltern, the Genl
is much Surprised to hear that after express orders was given
for a Capt. & fifty men that so unsoldierly a manner Should
be gone into as to Send A Subl. to Command 50 men which
is properly A Capt. guard, the Main guard to consist for the
future of I C, 2 L, 4 S, 4 C, 58 P the Several Regts to have
Qr. Guards established which is to furnish the Necessary Sen-
82 THE ORDER BOOK OF
tries for the Field Off.; as Catridges are now at hand the
Soldiers amunition to be immedietly Compleated each Brigade
to furnish a field off. of the Day to visit their Respective Sepa-
Brigade Orders June gth
Genl Smallwoods Brigade Consisting of the ist 3rd & 7th
Maryland Regt & D R to be on the parade every morning
at Revellie Beating in the field in the front of the encampment
every Off. to be on the field with their Regts agreeable to
Genl orders, morning reports to be made from each Regt &
Deliver'd to Col. Stone at his encampment, every Soldier for
guard to be dress'd neat and Clean & head powdered each
Regt to Draw what Catridges are Necessary to Compleat each
man with 24 Rounds.
Head Quarters loth June 1777
The Commissary to pick out of any Company at Princeton
any Baker or Bakers that he thinks Necessary to Carry on the
Baking Business for this Brigade.
It is Suppos'd that a number of Deserters now coming out
are employ'd by the enemy as Spies, the Genl Strictly orders
that no off. or Soldier except those that have them immedietly
in Charge, Shall attempt to Speak to or hold any Conversation
with them; the parties having them in Charge Shall bring
them immedietly to head quarters all offs are requested imme-
dietly to Confine every non Commissioned off. or Soldier who
Shall be Seen gathering Round or holding any Conversation
with any Deserter that they may be punished for breach of
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 83
Brigade Orders June loth
Field off. of the Day tomorrow Majr Sterrit.
Adjt. of the day tomorrow 3rd Maryland Regt Adjt.
The Adjt, of the Day is to See the Different guards march
in proper time to Releive the main guard & to Receive the
Countersign & deliver it to the offs of the guard Each Regt
to parade precisely at half past three P. M.
Head Quarters Princeton nth 1777
Off. of the Day tomorrow Majr Forrest.
Adjt. of the Day to-morrow ist Maryland Regt.
The troops at Princeton to parade to day precisely at half
past 3, OClock in the afternoon.
James Whight, & Jonathan Wright of Col. Harzens Regt
tryed by A Genl Court Martial for Suffering a prisoner to
escape, the Court find them not guilty; the Genl approves
the Sentence & orders them to be Releas'd.
James Cox of Col. Hazens Regt tried by the Same Court
for Attempting to Desert to the Enemy & Sentenc'd to Receive
100 Lashes on the Bare back & be Confin'd During the War,
the Genl Approves the Sentence, & that he Receive the lOO
Lashes to Morrow morning at guard mounting, that Col.
Hazen Discharge him from his Regt & Send him to Philada
with a Coppy of the orders that he may be Confin'd in Such
place as the Commanding off. Shall Direct.
Mary Quin try'd by the Same Court, for acting as an Enemy
to her Country, no Evidence appearing the Genl orders her to
be Releas'd. Elizabeth Brewer try'd by the Same Court &
found guilty of acting as a Spy in the Service of the Enemy,
84 THE ORDER BOOK OF
do Sentence her to be Confin'd During the War, the Genl
Approves the Sentence & orders her to be Sent to Morrow in
Company with James Cox to Philada with a Coppy of her
Sentence & to be there Confin'd in Such place as the Com-
manding off. Shall direct during the War. Genl De Bores
Brigade to furnish A Scouting party to Consist of i C, 2 L,
4 S, 4 C, 60 P to Releive the Princeton Scouting party on the
Brunswick Road at or near the Quaquer Meeting house, to
be on the ground tomorrow morning at 9 OClock with 5
Days Provision & well equipt.
Field Off. of the Day Majr Forrest.
Adjt. of the Day ist M. Regt.
Head Quarters Princeton June 12th 1777
All the Paymasters in their Divisions are ordre'd to attend
at the Paymaster Genl at Middle Brook to Morrow morning
at 10 OClock presisely each to take paper with them to take
A Coppy of the pay Roll formed agreeable to the New estab-
lishment; those Regts who are Destitute for Paymasters are
to Send Some CarefuU off. for that purpose those offs Com-
manding the Different Brigades are Desired to See that their
men are Supplied with amunition Immedietly and that their
arms are in good order, & for their Men to be Ready at a
Moments warning to march, & by no means for Off. or Sol-
dier to absent himself from Camp & the Waggons Belonging
to the Different Regts are not to be out of the Way but to
keep with their Respective Regts. The Sick are to be Removed
to Trenton Immedietly, the Court Martial of which Col.
Gunby's president is Disolved All the troops in the Division
to have three Days provision Cooked Immedietly.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 85
All the Muskets that are Charged are to immedietly drawn
and the Muskets to be Cleaned & put in the best order for
Action, the Offs Commanding Comps are to See this done,
the Brigade to parade this afternoon at 4 OClock to Examin
their Arms, Returns to be made immedietly for Catridges &
flints, the Provision to be Drawn immedietly to furnish each
man with 3 Days the OfEs and Soldiers of this Brigade to have
their Baggage Packed up & Ready to put into the Baggage
Waggons at a moments warning the Commanding OfEs to See
their Sick Removed.
The QrMaster to provide waggons for that purpose; in
Case of any alarm immedietly the Waggons to be guarded
by those Soldiers that are Lame or Muskets may be out of
order as to Render them unfit for action. No Soldier as Able
Bodied to Bare arms & those Muskets that is out of Repair
to be detain'd.
Field Off., for tomorrow Majr Sterrett.
Adjt. for tomorrow Jas. Lucas.
t: I Head Quarters Princeton 13th June 1777
^ All the Troops to have their tents Struck Immedietly and
Z '" their Baggage Waggons Loaded and be Ready to March by 3
I rt OClock in the Afternoon, All the guards about Princeton
"^ >. Kingston and Senders Mills to be Call'd in, the Prisoners to
o "^ move on their Respective guards.
Provision to be Immedietly Drawn to furnish each man
with 3 Days, and to be immedietly Cook'd. Field Officer of
86 THE ORDER BOOK OF
the Day to morrow Col. Gunby, Adjt. of the Day from the
■3rd Regt Col. Stone is Surprised that each Regt has not fur-
nished the Artilery with the number of men ordr'd for that
purpose The Commanding Off. of each Regt is to order 2
men the best Qualified to Serve in the Artilery Immedietly
to Join Capt. Stewell,
Flemington i8th June 1777
The Genl orders that all the troops be immedietly furnished
with 3 days Provision to have it Cook'd Dirictly & that no
Soldier make any plea after the 3 Days is expired, that he has
no provisions As the Genl is Determined None Shall be Drawn
till that time is Expired, the troops to hold themselves in Read-
iness to march at A Moments Warning with their Knapsacks,
Blankets & provisions. Proper guards to be left with tents &
Baggage Composed of those persons who are least able to
undergo a March the Weomen who are left at the other Side
of Corrells ferry & the men who are left to guard the Bag-
gage to be Brought forwards immedietly to this Camp the
QrMaster to furnish each Brigade immedietly for the future.
An orderly Serjeant from each Brigade to attend at Head
Quarters Daily A Main guard consisting of one Capt. i Sub.
2 Serjts & 36 Privates to be established immedietly for the
tryal of Such persons as may be Brought before them.
Col. Hazen President; Six Captains & Six Subalterns to
be furnished from each Brigade to Sit as Members; John
Powell Esqr. is appointed Brigade Major to Genl Smallwood
& is to be Considered as Such.
Brigade Orders i8th June
Each Regt of Genl Smallwood's Brigade to have their bag-
gage pack'd up & parade in the Road immedietly, and march
CJPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 87
to the place of encampment, the loads to be all Drawn & the
arms to be put in the best order; The Brigade to parade at 6
this afternoon, the Commanding Off. of each Regt to examine
^ their Armes, The 3rd Maryland Regt to occupy the Barns &
c where Col. Gunby is now Quarter'd the Catridges to be exam-
ined & those that may be wet to have others put in their Room,
any Catridges that may be wanting may be had by Sending
their Returns to Col. Stone.
J ^ Flemington June 19th 1777
g § 00 Genl Orders
^ o .^ The troops to parade immediately & march to Prospect hill
.22 ^ the Baggage to be left at Flemington, under the Command of
o -g ^ Major Vaughen.
,S ^ 3
S c Brigade Orders June 19th
P c o All the Troops to parade this evening on the brow of the
2 I ^ hill for Scout.
Delaware Regt i Capt. 40 Privates & 2 Subalterns.
Regimental Orders Rockey hill June 20 1777
A Court Martial to set immedietly for the tryal of Sundry
prisoners: Whereof Capt. Robt. Kirkwood is President, Lt.
MKennon, Lt. Qenocualt, Lt. Bratton and Ens. Skillington
Proceedings of the Above Court Martial.
Pr order of Col. David Hall, for the tryal of Sundry pris-
oners Belonging to the Delaware Regt. Members as Above.
Robt. Hoskins Joseph Brown William Black John Lays
John Randam William Skinner Belonging to Capt. Thomas
88 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Confin'd by Col, David Hall for plundering A house of an
Inhabitant of the United States near prospect hill, The above
prisoners being brought Before the Court pleads guilty.
The Court after Duly Considering the Offense do Sentence
John Random to receive 75 Lashes on the bare back 50 for
the Above offence, & 25 for lying Before the Court, Robt.
Hoskins, Joseph Brov^^n Wm. Black John Lays, to receive 50
each on their bare backs.
Wm. Skinner to receive 39 Lashes, & the whole of them
to have half a months pay each Stop'd out of their pay for the
use of the Sick Soldiers of the Regt. Sign'd
Capt. DR president
The Above Sentence is approv'd of, & order'd to be put in
execution this Evening at parading time Except, Wm. Skinner
v\^ho on Acct. of his Youth is ommitted.
Head Quarters Sampton June 23rd 1777
Field Off. of the day from Genl Smallw^ood's Bridage.
Field Off. of the day tomorrow from Genl Debres Bri-
Adjt. of the Day from Genl Debores Bridage, an orderly
Serjt to be sent from each Brigade to Genl Sullivans Head
Quarters, A Picquet to be established Consisting of 2 C, 2 L,
4 S, 4 C, 100 P. A main guard of i C, i L, 2 S, 2 C, 36 P,
guard for Genl Sullivan to be taken from Col. Hazen's Regt
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 89
of Genl Debores Brigade to consist of i L, 2 S, 2 C, 24 P to
be a standing guard until further orders, Genl Debores Quota
for guard is 2 C, 3 L, 6 S, 6 C, 100 P, Col. Stones Quota
is I C, I L, 2 S, 2 C, 60 P. Adjt of the Division for tomor-
row from Col. Stones Brigade, the Brigade Major to see the
Picquets posted in Rotation, except when the business of the
Brigade requires their immediet attendance, & then the Adjt
of the Day must see it done, and who is to attend the parading
of all guards The Genl is inform'd that the Soldiers under
his Command have of late made it their business to plunder
the inhabitants in their march thr'o the Country he therefore
Desires the Offs Commanding Regts in the Several Brigades
under his command to find out those Soldiers who have been
guilty of that Scandelous practice, and immedietly Confine
them, in order that they meet with Punishment Aduquet to
their crimes, & for the future to take such methods as will
prevent the like again.
From Rockey hill we march to
Brunswick which is 12 Miles
and from thence to Sampton
which is 6 Miles where our
Regt Lay at a Saw Mill where
we had prepar'd our Selves for
Head Quarters Middle Brook 26 June 1777
The Troops are all to be compleated with 3 days provisions,
one of fresh and two of Salt if to be had, & to hold them-
selves in readiness to march at A moments Warning; The
Troops will lodge themselves in the best manner they can
90 THE ORDER BOOK OF
this night, near the gaps of the mountain from every gap
proper picquets ought to be posted and patroles sent out During
the night all. the Troops are to Draw Spirits if it is to be had
at the Commissaries at Old Head Quarters.
Head Quarters Lincoln Hill June 29th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Green.
I Field Off Col. Spotswood.
iH Brigade Major Swain.
o _ ■ . ,
(/5 The QrMaster Gen. is to make a proper Destribution of
.S ^ Waggons among the Brigades and Corps of the Army, and in
c _g proportion to their Respective numbers, to ascertain which, he
»2 *^ will Apply to the Adgt. Genl.
i-J .22 Division Orders
c IS The Picquest to parade as usual A Corporal and four men
D, '^ of Genl Smallwood's Brigade to Relieve the same number of
c^ .y Genl Debores to morrow morning at Genl Sullivans Old
B c Quarters.
^ ^ Parole Manchester Countersign
Regimental Orders June 29th 1777.
Proceedings of a Regimental Court Martial held at Lincoln
Hill by order of Col. David Hall, for the trial of Sundry
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 91
Prisoners Belonging to the Delaware Regiment Whereof Capt.
Nathaniel Mitchel is president.
Lt. Corse "^ (^ Lt, Queenoucalt
Lt. MKennon J ^ "[Ens. Skillington.
Serjt Johnston Confin'd by Col. Hall for Insolence and
Breach of Orders;
The Prisoner Being brought before the Court Pleads Igno-
rance and Saith that being rais'd from his Sleep he was Quite
Stupified and knew not to whom he Spoak neither what he
The Court after due Consideration of the Nature of the
offence are of opinion, that he Should ask Pardon for his
offence, and be Reprimanded by the Col.
Serjt Stenson Confin'd by Majr Vaughen for Insolence and
breach of orders.
The Prisoner being brought Before the Court pleads not
Guilty. Evidence — Major Vaughen being Duely Sworn
Deposeth, that as he was Walking by the QrMaster & the pris-
oner, he heard the Prisoner Say, after the QrMaster had or-
dered him to make a provision Return; that he thought there
was no Necessity of making one as he has already given in one,
& likewise when the Major ordered him to go immedietly &
make one he went away Grumbling And Saying that it was
better not to be a Serjt in this Regt then be one, upon which
the Major Ask'd him what he Said he turning Short about
Said thats what I Say repeating what he Said before.
Evidence — QrMaster Trussum being Duely Sworn depo-
seth and Says the same against the Prisoner as the Major
except that he Absolutely refus'd to make out A Return when
92 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Prisoner in his Defence saith that he did not Absolutely
Refuse to make out A Return but that he Told the QrMaster
that he had already made out one and Delivered it him the
The Court after Due Consideration of the Offence, do
Sentence him to be reduced to the Rank And Serve as A Pri-
Patrick Davis A Soldier in Capt. Learmoths Compy Con-
fin'd by Lt, Morris of the 7th Maryland Regt for Behaving
in an Insolent manner to him.
The Prisoner Pleads not guilty. Evidence — Lt. Morris
being Duely Svi^orn Deposeth that the prisoner Came up to
their Baggage w^aggons, & took gun & immedietly hallow'd
out that the Centry w^s asleep upon hearing this he went to
the waggons & Saw the Centry at the other Side of the Wag-
gon doing his Duty, he order'd the Prisoner to go to his Regt
or else he would Confine him, at which the Prisoner told him
he might do his worst, for he did not Regard him, upon which
he Confin'd him.
Evidence — Edward Murray A Soldier in 7th M. Regt
Being duely Sworn deposeth, that when the prisoner was in
Confinement & going to the guard house he Damm'd the Off.
that Confin'd him for A son of a Bitch & Said if he was at Lib-
erty, he Could knock fifty Such down the hill.
The Prisoner although he pleads not guilty yet Can make
no Defence for himself.
The Court order him 100 Lashes on the bare Back well
laid on by the Drummers of the Regt.
The Sentence is approv'd off and order'd to be put in execu-
tion to morrow evening on the parade.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 93
Middle Brook Head Quarters 30th June 1777
Major Genl for to morrow Sullivan.
Brigadier Debore, Field OfEs Cols. Matthews k Willis
Brigade Major Mullen, A Special Court Martial to set tomor-
row morning at 9 OClock at the Usual Quarters, for the trial
of Major Stewart of 2nd M. Regt. Col. David Hall is
appointed president of this Court All Commissioned Offs who
have in their Corps any non Commissioned Offs or Soldiers
orriginally Inlisted in the Regt lately Commissioned by Col.
Smallwood are on Demand to Deliver them to Col. Stone who
now Commands the Same Regt upon his making it appear
that they were so inlisted. A Large Horesmans tent mark'd
I. H. Stone first M. Regt together with 4 Common tents,
taken from a Waggon on the march from Quible Town and
put into another, whoever has them are to send them to Col.
Stone without Delay.
Adjt. for the Day tomorrow from Genl Smalwood's Brigade,
the Picquet as Usual, Major Powell to attend at Head Quar-
ters tomorrow for orders, & for the Parole & Countersign and
Leave them at Genl Sullivan's Quarters An orderly Sergt
from each Brigade to attend dailey. A Return of the Brigade
to be made immetietly.
Lincoln Mountain July ist 1777
That an Off. of each Company constantly attend the Draw-
ing of Provisions for their Respective Companies and take
Care that no unsound Provision be delivered to them.
94 THE ORDER BOOK OF
That George Reynolds is appointed to act as Qr Maters
Serjeant to the Regt & to be obeyed as Such.
That the Weomen belonging to the Regt be paraded tomor-
row morning & to undergo an Examination from the Serjeon
of the Regt at his tent, except those that are married, & the
husbands of those to undergo said examination in their Stead,
all those that do not attent to be immedietly Drum'd out of
Lincoln Mountain July 2nd 1777
Field Off. of the Day tomorrow from Col. Stone.
Brigade, Adjt. of the Day from Genl Debores Brigade.
All the Troops to hold themsleves in Readiness to march at
a moments Warning, the Troops to Draw 3 Days Provisions,
one of which at least must be cook'd.
The Soldiers who are not Compleat with Ammunition are
to draw it immedietly, the QR Masters & Commissaries to
have their waggons in Readiness to move their Stores at A
Moments Warning. The Brigade Majrs to take orders at
Head Quarters in Rotation.
Middle Brook Head Quarters 2nd July 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow ... Lord Sterling.
Brigadier Genl do ... Woolford.
Field Offs Lt. Col. Palmer Majr Byard.
Brigade Major Day.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 95
Lincoln Mountain 2nd July 1777
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial of the Dela-
ware Regt held by order of Col. David Hall this day.
Capt. John Patten President.
Lt. Duff ^ , r Ens. Hosman
^ ,,^, V members J „ m m,-
Ens. MClean J 1 Ens. Skilhngton
Abram Meers of Capt. Kirkwood's Compy of Sd Regt
brought before the Court, for Stricking and abusing A Drum-
mer for doing his Duty Prisoner Pleads not guilty. Evidence
— Thos. Clark Drummer being duely Sworn deposeth & Saith,
that he went into the tent where the prisoner was at Breakfast
with whome he mest the prisoner ask'd him if he did not want
some Breakfast he Replied yes & thank him too, the Prisoner
then said he did not Deserve any for whiping A man so
hard & farther Said if he ever whip'd him so hard, and he
met him in a bye place, he would give him A knock that he
would not be aware of, & after abusing him gave the Depo-
nent a stroake in the Side which almost Deprived him of his
breath. Thomas Tool at the Request of the Prisoner being
called before the Court & duly qualified, sayeth that the
afores'd Thos. Clark went into the Prisoners Tent, & the
Prisoner asked him if he did not want some Victuals upon
which the said Clark answer'd Yes on which the Prisoner said
are you not a Man that meses by your self, if so go & get your
own Victuals to eat, upon which the said Clark made up of
very provoking Language to the Prisoner, the Prisoner said he
did not know how to whip or else he would not have abus'd
the man so that he whipp'd yesterday the Drummer answer'd,
he was oblig'd to do his Duty & that perhaps some day or other
he might fall into his hands & then he would know whether
he understood whipping or not.
96 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Christopher Willet at the request of the Prisoner being
brought before the Court and duely Qualified Saieth that he
was imployed in cutting up meat in order to Cook, when Qark
came in to the tent, & that the prisoner bantred him about
his whiping & told him to be more moderate in whiping & not
to whip as if he was in A passion or else he would get the ill
will of the whole Compy upon which the Drummer seem'd to
be angry but the Deponent says he could not Recollect the
words the Drummer Said.
Charles Hamelton A Corporal in Capt. Kirkwood's Compy
at the request of the Prisoner being brought before the Court
& Sworn, sayeth being at the Prisoners tent doore heard the
Drummer and Prisoner using Reproachfull language to each
other he likewise saieth he heard the Drummer daring the
Prisoner to Strike him.
The Court having Duely Considered the evidence for and
against the prisoner are of opinion that he is guilty of a breach
of the first Article of War, Sect. 7th & do Sentence him to
ask pardon of the party offended in the Presence of his Com-
Patrick Davis a Soldier in Capt. Learmonths Compy Con-
fin'd by Adjt. Lucas for a buseing Serjt Jordan in his duty,
Pleads not guilty; Serjt Jordan Being Brought before the
Court & duely Qualified deposeth & Saieth, that the Prisoner
yesterday Evening ask'd him for a Screw to Draw his Load,
the Deponent told him to go to the Serjts tent where he would
get one out of his Catridge box, upon which the prisoner went
& ask'd for the Screw but not getting it immedietly he Call'd
for the Deponent to come & get it for him & abus'd him, saying
if he did not come & get it for him he would fire ofif the Load,
upon which the Sd Jordan told him if he would fire his gun
off it would be nothing to him, but that the punishment would
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 97
fall on himself, the Prisoner Came like wise this morning to
Serjts Jordan's tent where he was making out a Provision
Return, and ask'd him if he had Return'd him fit for Duty,
upon which Serjt Jordan told him he had by order of Lt,
MKennon the prisoner Replied if he (the Sd Jordan) had
receiv'd what he had he would not be fit for duty & abused
him; the Serjt Desir'd him to go off peaceably; the Prisoner
threatened to Shake him, & the Adjt. overhearing him ordered
that he Should be Confin'd Serjt Cox of Capt. Learmonths
Compy being Duely Sworn Sayeth that the prisoner having
asked Serjt Jordan if he had Returned him fit for Duty the
Serjt Replied Yes, upon which the Prisoner us'd Reproachfull
words to him after he had Desired him to go to his tent &
make no Desturbance.
The Court having Duely Considered the Evidence are of
opinion that he is guilty of A Breach of the 5th Article of
War 1 8th Sect. & do sentence him to receive 50 Lashes on
the bare back well laid on with the Cat o' nine tails.
The Sentence is Approv'd ofif and order'd to be put in exe-
cution to morrow evening on the parade.
Brigade Orders Head Quarters July 4th 1777
The troops of Genl Smallwoods Brigade to Refresh them-
selves have their Cloath's wash'd and provisions Cook'd.
A Genl Return to be made tomorrow morning by 8 OClock
that Buckets &c. may be Drawn for each Regt also the num-
ber of Arms wanting and Canteens, also all the Baggage
Horses to be Shod to morrow, to expediate which each Regt
98 THE ORDER BOOK OF
will order their Smiths to parade & be Ready to go to work
early in the morning, each Regt will furnish waggons, & their
QRM aster to go to Morristown for what ever may be want-
^ g g Regimental Orders July 5th 1777
c ^ t<
ij 2 c '^^^ ^-^^ °^ *^^ Regt are once more Requested to attend
g g ^ morning and evening Parade, and an Off. of each Compy to
'ii ^ ^ attend whilst the Sert calls over the Roll & to see that none
c g ^ of the men are absent it is expected that no off. signs A report
2 vt; "S of his Compy without first examining of it.
1 M 'i
^ ^ J •
2 "S §
Within 6 Miles of Pompton 5th July 1777
Col. Gunby's Regt to take the front Delaware next ist
Maryland Regt next, 3rd M. Regt in the Rear the front to
march verry slow, the Artilery in front, the Baggage in ye
Rear, the Baggage Waggons of each Regt to follow agreeable
to orders of March, i C, 2 S, 2 C, 20 P as a Rear Guard,
the Off. Commanding these, is not to Suffer any Soldier to
Straggle or Stay behind, and Soldier Staying unnecessarily will
be confin'd and punished, no Off. to Quit his Division without
Leave from commanding Off. of ye Compy at every Conveni-
ent place the Brigade will be halted to get water, so that it
will prevent the Soldiers much fatigue & prevent their staying
in the rear & doing great damage to the inhabitants if they are
kept with their Regt the waggons to be Loaded Immedietly.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 99
Head Quarters Pompton July 6th.
Field Oft. of the Day tomorrow from Genl. Debores Brig-
ade, Field Off. of the Bouns to night from Col. Stones, Adjt.
of the Day tomorrow from Genl. Debores; A Special Court
Martial Sit to morrow, to try Such Offs as are under arrest
in the Division.
1 S, 2 L, 2 C, 20 P to be posted as A Picquet on the Road
Leading to Haverstraw — i S, 2 L, 2 C, 20 P to be posted as
A Picquet leading to Rivers — i S, 2 L, 2 C, 20 P to be
posted as A Picquet from the Brigade the Troops Came over
— I S, I C, 8 P order'd as A guard to the Amunition the
Detail is as follows.
From Genl. De Bores Brigade i S, 3 L, 3 C, 42 P from
Col. Stones do. 2 " 4 " 4 " 26
3 " 7 " 7 " 68
A Main guard to be established to morrow morning to Con-
sist of I S, I L, I C, 22 P from Genl. Debores Brigade.
I " I " I " 14 from Col. Stones do.
The Brigade Majors to meet in the morning to fix A proper
place for the guard house where the Main guard is established,
its to furnish the Necessary guard for the amunition, the Pic-
quet to be continued in the same manner or as Above De-
scribed until further orders.
Col. Price is appointed of the Court, Martial which is to
sit tomorrow morning, the Court to meet at 9 OClock.
2 Capts, 2 Subs, from Genl. DeBores Brigade
3 do. 3 do. from Genl. Smallwoods do.
members of this Court Martial.
lOO THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters July 6th 1777
Field Off. of the Day to morrow from Col. Stones Brigade
Adjt of the Day to morrow from do
The Commanding off. of each Regt are to be punctual in
Sending in their Returns of their Respective Brigades from
which the Brigadeers are to send A Weekly Return to the
Majr Genl of the Division every Saturday. A Forrage guard
Consisting of i S, i C, 12 P to be taken in Rotation from the
two Brigades, the Serjt to apply to Majr Sherriff for orders.
A Court of Inquiry to Sit this afternoon at 5 OClock to
Inquire into the Conduct of the Surjeons of the Genl Hospital
Respecting the Reception of the Sick of this Division. Col.
3 Capts, 3 Subs, from Genl Debores Brigade "1 to sit as
3 do. 3 do. from Genl. Smallwoods do. J members.
Head Quarters Princeton July 7th 1777
Field Off. of the Day tomorrow from Genl. De Bores
Adjt of the Day from Genl. De Bores Brigade.
Twelve hunderd Men well Officer'd to be selected from the
two Brigades with Six Days provisions & to hold themselves
in Readiness to march at a moments warning, they are to take
with them only their Knapsackes and Blankets, the Command-
ing Off. to See that their arms & Accoutriments are in good
order, two Davs Provisions to be Cook'd immedietly.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD loi
Head Quarters July 8th 1777
Field Off. of the Day tomorrow from Col. Stones
Adjt of the Day tomorrow from Col. Stones Brigade.
The Commanding Offs of Regts are to see that Necessaries
are provid'd for their Sick, & proper bills kept and presented
to the Genl that he may order payment; as little Spirits re-
main on hand for this Division, the Commissary is not issue
any more only to fatigue parties & Scouting parties till further
orders, the troops to parade at 4 OClock this afternoon for
A Genl Court Martial to Sit tomorrow morning to try such
matters as may be brought before them.
Ensign James Arrested by Capt. Ridgely for neglect of Duty
and Disobedience of orders, try'd by a Genl Court Martial
whereof Col. Gunby was President, the Court were of opinion
that Ens. James is not guilty of the charge Exhibited against
him & think he ought to be Releas'd immedietly. The Genl
approves the Sentence and orders him to be Released Accord-
Lt. Lee arrested by Majr Taylor for Disobedience of
Orders the Court are of opinion that Mr. Lee is guilty of a
Breach of Major Taylors Orders, & that he ought to be Rep-
rimanded By the Commanding Off. of the Regt in presence of
the Offs belonging to the Regt, the Genl approves of the Sen-
tence and orders it to take place to morrow morning.
Lt. Erskine Arrested by Genl. De Bores, ought to be ac-
quited from his arrest for Stricking A Waggoner, the Court
having examined the evidence & finding nothing against him
the Genl approves the Sentence, & orders him to be acquitted
from his arrest immedietly.
I02 THE ORDER BOOK OF
It is Required that Genl DeBores Brigade Majr make a
Return of the Strength of that Brigade to Head Quarters as
soon as possible.
Brigade Orders Julj^ 8th 1777
Col. Stone orders each Regt in Genl Smallwood's Brigade to
have Necessary houses Dug immedietly in the rear of the en-
campment, as near the River as possible the men to be ordered
to do their occations there and no v\^here else.
Camp At Pompton July 8th 1777
Proceedings of the Regimental Court Martial held this Day
By order of Col. David Hall of the Delavvare Regt for the
trial of Such Prisoners as may be Brought Before them, be-
longing to said Regt.
Cord Hazord Capt. President.
Lt. M Kennon ^ r Lt. Duff
Lt. Queenoucalt J i Ens. Bennett
Wm. Kelly A Soldier in Capt. Kirkwood's Compy Confin'd
by Lt. Duvall of the and Maryland Regt for Desobeying of
Orders, & insulting said Officer.
Prisoner being brought before the Court pleads guilty; Evi-
dence — Lt. Duvall being duely Sw^orn Deposeth and Saieth,
that the prisoner came to where he was on guard, over a bridge
Beyond the Genls Quarters he was hal'd by the Centry, who
would not let him pass without a permit, that the prisoner
Curs'd & Swore, & used verry insulting Language to the Said
Off., & would not Return when he bid him, upon which he
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 103
The Court having duely consider'd the Evidence do find the
prisoner guilty of A breach of the 5th Article of the 7th Sec-
tion and do Sentence him to Receive lOO Lashes on the Bare
back, w^ell laid on by the Drummers of the Regt,
The Sentence is approve'd off and order'd to be put in Exe-
cution tomorrow evening at guard Mounting.
Col D R.
Head Quarters Pompton 9th July
The Division to be in Readiness to strike their tents, pack
up their Baggage, and to march at A moments Warning for
Peaks Kiln Genl Debores Brigade to march in front, proceeded
by the Light horse an advance guard and the artilery, the Bag-
gage of the Brigade to them Col. Stones advance Guard is to
follow, then his artilery, then his Brigade, after which the Bag-
gage, the rear guard of each Brigade is to Consist i Capt. &
fifty men attended by 4 light horse, they are by no means to
Suffer any officer or Soldier to stragle from the Brigade, or fall
in the rear, when the Division is on the march if any accident
Should befall the Waggons, or any of them, A Lighthorseman
is to be Despached to the front to Desire a halt till the Wag-
gons are Repaired, if any person is sick or lame on the road he
is not to fall back without A permit from his Officer any Sol-
dier found from his Division without permit in writing, is to
Receive 39 lashes on the Spot, and Off. and Six light Horse-
men to be sent to Col. Stone four of which to be with the Rear
Guard ; the Division to halt every 4 or 5 miles that the men
I04 THE ORDER BOOK OF
^ may have an oppertunity to refresh, the Commanders of Brig-
^ ade to Correspond with each other & agree upon the best place
;J of halting, & the time for Beginning the march, the Sick of the
.2 Division to be left under the Care of an Off., A Surjeon and
"c Surjeons mate, in the most Convenient place about Pompton,
tJ who are to provide necessaries for them, the Surjeon & mates
3 of the Division to Draw for persons to remain with the sick,
?3 the Commanders of the Brigade to agree upon an Off. the Sick
MH to be sent forwards to Peaks Kiln as soon as able to march.
4j Camp at Clove between 2 Mountains New York Govermen
J nth July 77
^ Brigade Orders
.| Weekly Returns to be made out this Day, & Delivered to
g Majr Powell this evening or early tomorrow morning; no rails
^ to be Burnt or Destroy'd any non Commissioned Off. or Sol-
^ dier Offending by Destroying any propertj^ belonging to the
^ Inhabitants may depend upon being Severly punished, A Camp
bfl Guard of I S, 2 L, 2 C, 18 P to be Immediatly established,
^ proper guards to be placed on the front and left of the en-
w campment to prevent the Soldiers from Destroying Rails &c.
the Off. is to give positive orders to the Sentinals to Confine
every Soldier, who may be Destroying any kind of property,
■" the Waggon Master is positively order'd to provide forrage for
■^ the Horses immedietly, and see that they are pastur'd in the
o publick pastures, which he has much neglected, each Regt Will
g sent out a Fatugue party to cut wood for their Regiments.
g N. B: This Clove is 18 Miles from ye Peaks Kiln.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 105
July nth 1777
Proceedings of A General Court Martial.
Lt. M Callaster of the ist Maryland Regt tried for Leaving
his Guard on the Haverstraw Road, The Court finds him
guilty of the Crime alledg'd Against him & Sentence him to be
Reprimanded by Col. Stone in the presence of the Offs of the
Regt, to which he belongs, the Genl Approves the Sentence and
orders it to be put in execution tomorrow morning at 8
Capt. De Vernesure of the Light Horse tried by a Genl
Court Martial for Disobedience of orders and insulting Col.
Stone in the Execution of his Duty, The Court finds him guilty
of Insulting Col. Stone and Sentence him to ask Col. Stones
pardon, the Genl Approves the Sentence & orders it to be put
in Execution tomorrow morning at 8 OClock.
July 1 2th 1777
This Day there was a Women Duct and Drum'd out of our
Encampment; For giving the men the Venerial Disorder.
In Congress Sept. i6th 1777
Resolved that Eighty eight Battallions be enlisted as soon as
possible to Serve During the War, and that each State fur-
nish their respective Quotas in the following proportions viz.
New Hampshire 3 Batallions
Maschuesetts Bay 15 do
Rhode Island 2 do
Connecticut 8 do
io6 THE ORDER BOOK OF
New York 4 do
New Jersey 4 do
Pensylvania 12 do
Delaware i do
Maryland 8 do
Virginia 15 do
North Carolina 9 do
South Carolina 6 do
Georgia i do
That 20 Dollars be given as A bounty to each non Com-
missioned Officer and Private Soldier, who shall Inlist During
the War, unless sooner Discharged By Congress; That Con-
gress make provision for granting Lands in the following pro-
portions to the Offs and Soldiers who Shall so ingage in the
Service & Continue therein to the Close of the War, or until
Descharg'd by Congress, & *to the Representatives of Such 0£Es
and Soldiers as Shall be Slain by the Enemy; Such Lands to
be provided by the United States and Whatever expense Shall
be Necessary to procure Such Lands, the Said expence shall be
paid and Borne by the States in the same proportion as the
other Expense of the War.
To A Colonel 500 Acres
A Lt. Col 450 do
A Major 400 do
A Captain 300 do
A Lieutenant 200 do
An Ensign 150 do
Each non Commissioned Officer & Soldier. 100 do
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 107
That Appointment oi all officers & filling up Vacancies (ex-
cept Genl Offs) be left to the Governments of the several
States and that every State provide Arms, Cloathing and every
Necessary for its Quota of Troops According to the foregoing
estimate, the expense of the Cloathing to be Deducted from the
pay of the Soldiers as usual.
That all Offs be Commissioned by Congress That it be Rec-
ommended to the Several States that they take the most Speedy
and effectual measures for enlisting their Several Quotas, that
the money to be given for Bounties to be paid by the Paymaster
in the Department where the Soldiers Shall inlist.
That each Soldier Receive pay and Subsistance from the time
of their Enlistment.
September i8th 1776
Resolved, that if the Rations be Received by the Officers or
privates in the Continintal Army in money, they be paid at the
rate of Eight Ninetieth part of a Dollar pr. Ration. That the
Bounty and grants of land, Offered by Congress by a Resolu-
tion of ye 1 6th inst. as an encouragement to the Offs and Sol-
diers to engage to serve in the Army of the United States
during the War, Shall extend to all w^ho are or Shall be en-
listed for that term, the Bounty of ten Dollars which any of
the Soldiers have Received from the Continent on an account
of a former enlistment, to be Reckoned in part payment of ye
twenty Dollars Offered by Said Resolution:
That no Off. in the Continintal Army is allowed to hold
more than one Commission.
September 19th 1776
That the Adjts of the Regts in the Continintal Army Be
allowed the pay and Rations of Captains, and have the rank
of first Lieutenants.
io8 THE ORDER BOOK OF
In order to prevent the Ofifs and Soldiers Who shall be
entitled to the Lands hereafter to be granted By the Resolution
of Congress of the i6th inst, from Desposing of the Same
During the War.
Resolved that this Congress v^^ill not grant Lands to any
person or persons Claiming under the Assignment of an Officer
By Order of the Congress.
Signed John Hancock
Head Quarters Ramapaugh Clove July 12th 1777
Parole Putman C: Sign M Dugall.
Those Regts who are in want of Shoes, are to have an Off.
Sent to Morristown to procure them as soon as may be, and
any other Articles are to be immedietly applied for, that no
Delay may happen when orders are given to March.
The Court Martial Whereof Col. Price is President to Sit
tomorrow at 9 O Clock to try Such Prisoners as may be
Brought Before them.
The Commissary to Deliver out one Gill of Rum this Day
to each man in this Division.
CouNTREY Men, and fellow Soldiers.
When I Consider the Cause, for which we have Drawn our
Swords, and the Necessaty of Striking an effectual Blow, before
we Sheath them again, I feel Joifull hopes arising In my mind,
that in one day an opening Shall be made for the Restoration
of American Liberty, and for shaking off the Infamous Yoke
of British Slavery.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 109
America is yet free, the all grasping power of Briton has
not yet been Able to seize our Liberty, but it is only by Valor.
As it is by Arms, that the brave Acquire Immortal fame, so
it is by arms, that the sordid must defend their lives & Prop-
erties, or lose them. We are the verry men, my friends, v^^ho
have hitherto set bounds to the Unmeasureable Ambition of the
In Consequence of our Inhabiting the more inaccessable
parts of the Continent, to which the Shores of those Countries
on the Continent are enslaved by the Britons are Invisible, We
have hitherto been free from the Common Disgrace, and the
Common Sufferings, We lay almost out of the Reach of fame
itself. But We must not expect to enjoy this untroubled
Security any longer, unless we Bestir our Selves so effectually,
as to put it out of the power of the Enemy to Search out our
Retreats, and Desturb our Repose. If we do not curiosity
alone will Set them a Prying, and they will conclude, that
there is Some what worth the Labour of Conquering, in the
Interior parts of the Continent, merely because they have never
Seen them. What is little known if often Coveted, because so
little known. And We are not to expect, that we should
escape the Ravage of the General Plunderers of mankind ; by
any Sentiment of Moderation in them, When Provinces, which
are more Accessable, come to be Subdued, they will then force
their way into those, which are harder to come at. For We
See, that if A Country is thought to be powerfull in arms,
the Britons attact it. Because the conquest will be Glorious;
if Inconsiderable in the Military Art, Because the Victory will
be easey; if Rich, they are drawn thither by the hope of plun-
der; if poore by the desire of fame. The East and the West,
the South and the North, the face of the whole earth, is the
Scene of their Military Atchievements ; the World is too little
no THE ORDER BOOK OF
for their ambition, & their Avarice. They are the only Nation
ever known to be equally desirous of Conquering a poor king-
dom as A Rich one. Their Supreme Joy Seems to be Rav-
ageing, fighting, and Shedding of blood ; and when they have
unpeopled a Region, so that there are none Left alive able to
bear arms, they Say, they have given peace to that Country.
Nature itself has pecularly endeared to all men, their Wives
and their Children. But it is known to you my Countrj'men
that here to fore Our Young Men were daily Draughted off
to supply the Deficiencies in the British Army. The Wives,
the Sisters, and the Doughters of the Conquered are either
exposed to their Violence, or at least Corrupted by the arts of
these Cruel Spoilers. The Fruits of our Industry are plun-
dered, to make up the taxes imposed on us by oppressive Aver-
rice. Americans Sow their fields; and the greedy Britons
Reap them. Our verry bodies are worn out in carrying on
their Military Works; and our toils are Rewarded by them
with abuse and Stripes. Those, who are born to Slavery, are
bought and Maintained by their master. But this Happy
Continent will pay for being enslaved, and feed those who
enslave it. And our Portion of Disgrace will be the Bitterest,
as the Inhabitants of America are the last, who have fallen
under the galling yoke. Our native bent against tyrany is the
Offence, which most sensibly irritates those Lordly Usurpers.
Our Distance from the Seat of Goverment, and our natural
Defence, by the Ocean render us obnoxious to their Suspicions ;
for the know that the Americans are born with an instinctive
love of liberty; and they Conclude, that we must be naturaly
led to think of taking the advantage of our Situation, to Dis-
engage ourselves, one time or other from their oppressions.
Thus, my Countrymen and fellow Soldiers, suspected and
hated, as we ever must be by the Britons, there is no prospect
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD iii
of our enjoying even a tolerable State of Bondage under them.
Let us, then, in the name of all that is Sacred, & in defence
of all that is dear to us, resolve to exert our Selves, if not for
Glory, at least for Safety; if not in vindication of American
honor, at least in Defence of our lives. How near were the
Brigatines to shaking off the Yoke — led on too by a Women;
they burnt A Roman Settlement; they attacked the Dreaded
Roman Legions in their Camp had not their partial Success
drawn them into a fatal security, the business was done. And
shall not We, of the United States Whose territories are yet
free, & whose Strength entire. Shall we not, my fellow Sol-
diers, attempt Some what, which may shew them foreign Rav-
agers, that they have more to do, than they think of, before
they be masters of the whole Continent.
The Brigantines, according to Ptolemy, inhabited what is
now called Yorkshire the Bishopwick of Durham, &c.
But after all, who are these mighty Britons ; are they Gods ;
or Mortal men, like ourselves; Do we not see, that they fall
into the same errors, and Weaknesses, as others; does not
peace effiminate them ; Does not abundance Debauch them ;
Does not Wantoness enervate them; Do they not even go to
excess in the most unmanly vices and can you imagine, that
they who are Remarkable for their Valor; What then do we
Dread; Shall I tell you the verry truth, my fellow Soldiers;
It is by means of our intestine Divisions, that the English have
gained so great advantages over us. They turn the misman-
agement of their enemies to their own praise. They boast of
what they have done, & say nothing of what we might have
done, had we been so wise as to Unite against them. What
is this formidable British Army. Is it not Composed of a Mix-
ture of People from Defiferent Countries; some more, some
less ; disposed to Military Atcheivements ; some more, some
112 THE ORDER BOOK OF
less Capable of bearing fatigue and Hardship. They keep to
gether, while they are Successful. Attack them with Vigor
Distress them ; you will see them move Desunited among them-
selves, that we are now. Can any one Imagine that English,
Irish, Hessians Hanoverians and with Shame I must add Amer-
icans, who basely lend, for a time, their limbs, and their lives,
to build up a Forreign tyrany; can one imagine that these
Will not be longer Enemies, than Slaves; or that Such an
army is held together by Sentiments of fidelity or affection;
No; the only body of union among them is fear. And when-
ever terror ceases to work upon the minds of that mixed Mul-
titude, they who now fear, will then hate, their tyranical Mas-
ter, On our side there is every possible excitement to valour,
the British Courage is not as ours, In flamed by the thoughts
of Wives and children in danger of falling into the hands of
the Enemy. They have no parents as we have to reproach
them, if they Should Desert their infirm old age, They have
no Country here to fight for. They are a Motley Collection
of Forreigners, in a Land wholly unknown to them, cut off
from their Native Country, hemmed in by the Surrounding
Ocean and given I hope a prey into our hands, without all
possibility of escape. Let not the Sound of the British name
affright your ears. Nor let the glare of gold or silver, upon
their Armour, dazzel your eyes. It is not by gold, or Silver,
that men are either Wounded or Defended; though they are
Rendered a Richer Prey to the Conquerers. Let us boldly
attact this desunited Rabble. We shall find among them
selves a Reinforcement to our army. The Irish, who are in-
corporated into their forces, will through shame of their Coun-
try's Cause Deserted by them. Quickly leave the English, and
Come over to us. The Scotch Remembering their former
Liberty, and that it was the English who deprived them of it.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 113
will forsake their tyrants, and join the assertors of Freedom.
The Hessians who Remain in their army will follow the
example of their Countrymen. And what will there then be
to fear. On our Side, an Army united in the Cause of their
Country, their Wives their Childres, their Aged Parents, their
Liberties, their lives, at the head of this army I hope I do not
offend against Modesty in Saying, there is a general Ready to
exert all his Abilities, and to Hazard his life in Leading us
to Victory, and to freedom.
I Conclude, my Countrymen and Fellow Soldiers, with
puting you in mind, that on your Beheavour Depends your
future enjoyment of peace and liberty, or your Subjection to
a Tyranical Enemy, with all its Griveous Consequences.
When therefore, you Come to engage — think of your Ances-
tors — & think of your posterity.
Head Quarters Ramapaugh Clove 13th July 1777
The following orders of march to be observed by the Divis-
ion on their march to New Windsor, the first day the Brigade
Commanded by Col. Stone to march in front, having his Bag-
gage in the Rear, the Same Advance and Rear Guards of
Horse and foot as Specified in the last marching orders, the
Baggage in Genls DeBores Brigade to follow the Rear guard
of Col. Stones Brigade ; which is to be followed by Genl De
Bores Brigade, he is to have the Same advanc'd & Rear Guards
of Horse & foot as Specified in the last marching orders, & the
same orders. Respecting the Halting & Refreshing the men, &
to prevent their Straggling is to be observed, the Artilery of
Col. Stones to march between his Advanced guard & Brigade,
that of Genl DeBores, to march Between his Rear guard &
114 THE ORDER BOOK OF
main body, the Second Day Genl De Bores to march in front
with his Baggage, and Col. Stone with his in the Rear, keeping
up the Same order of march as to guards, Artilery, Baggage,
and Troops, only changeing the front Brigade with the Artil-
ery, Baggage &c. to the Rear, & the Rear to the front Alter-
The whole Division to be in Readiness to march as soon as
the Weather will permit.
After Orders 13th July 1777
Returns of the Sick in Camp to be made immedietly that
proper OfEs may be appointed to see them Convey'd to Pomp-
ton, each Regt to have two Days Provisions immedietly
Cook'd for tomorrow and next day, the arms to be Cleaned,
immedietly & put in the best order for Action.
Camp at Newborough i6th July 1777
That a Court Martial be held immedietly for the Trial of
Such Prisoners as may be brought before them, the Court to
Consist of: Capt. Hazzard President.
Lt. Quenouault "| l 1 ^^' Jordan
Ens. Bennet J J Ens. Kidd
Sign'd David Hall Col. DR
Proceedings of the above Court.
Ellis Flowers of Capt. Hazzard Compy Confin'd by order
of Majr Vaughen for Deserting twice.
The Prisoner being Brought before the Court, Saith that be-
ing Inlisted when in Liquor; & having had liberty to go for
his Cloaths, and being over persuaded by several of his ac-
C^FT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 115
quaintance who lived in Carlisle County was the Cause of his
Deserting, and that, he was unacquainted with the Conse-
quences of Deserting.
The Court find the Prisoner guilty of a Breach of ye ist
Article of the 6 Section & do Sentence him to Receive 100
Lashes on his bare back well Laid on and Stoppage to be made
out of his pay, till the expences for taking him up are paid.
James Addams of Capt. Pattens Company Confin'd by said
Capt. for leaving his guard at Philada.
Evidence — Serjt Davis of Capt. Hollands Compy being
duely Sworn, Deposeth that the prisoner was on guard with
him at Philadelphia, & that two days Before they were to
march from thence. Strict orders were issued that no Soldier
Should leave his post, that the prisoner informed some of the
guard, that he wanted to go and have his fire lock chang'd,
that he and another soldier went, the other Returned, but the
Prisoner did not, that he had not seen him since till this day
then he Confin'd him by order of Capt. Patten.
Prisoner Saith on his Defence that he went to see a friend
in Tun Alley, was taken sick there & that Before he was able
to march the guard was gone that he took A passage in a
Wilmington boat, and applied to Lt. Purvis there, that he was
Desirious to join his Compy but the Lt. told him A Detach-
ment was going to Camp and that he might Stay and go with
them that he had Liberty to go and see his Wife, & returned
at the time limited him, was Sick there at his Return three
Days, and that he did several services there as ordered him by
The Court having duely Considered the evidence and the
Prisoner Defence, do find him guilty of a Breach of the 2nd
Article of the 6th Section and do Sentence him to receive lOO
Lashes on his bare back well laid on.
ii6 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Commanding Off. Approves the Sentence & orders it to
be put in exceution this afternoone when the Regiment Pa-
Head Quarters New borough i6th July 1777
The Genl Court Martial Where of Col. Price is president to
sit to morrow at Sun Rise, on the other side the North River
to try Lt. Seymour, & the QR Master of Capt. De Vernegour's
troop of Horse Jas M Mullen alias King alias Cain McMullen
confin'd on Suspicion of being an Enemy to America by Majr
Powell try'd by a Genl Court Martial Whereof Col. Presi-
dent, the Court are of opinion that he is not guilty of the
Charge, the Genl approves the Sentence and orders him to be
Phillip McDonald Corporal & Dennis McCalahan Private
try'd by the Same Court martial for Desertion; the Court are
of opinion that they are guilty of the Charge; & having De-
signed by sold their arms &c. and do Sentence the Corporal to
be Reduced to a private Sentinal, and each to Receive 200
Lashes on the bare back well laid on, the Genl Approves the
Sentence and orders it to take place to morrow at 6 OClock;
Joseph Wood A Private try'd by the same Court for Stealing
nine Stamp'd Handkfs, the Court are of opinion he is guilty
of the theift, & do Sentence him to Receive 150 Lashes on his
bare back will laid on, the Genl Approves the Sentence and
orders it to take place to morrow at 6 OClock.
Col. Stone immedietly to supply the Commissary with
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD ii-j
After Orders i6th 1777
The Qr. Master & Adjutants of each Regt immedietly to
make out returns to Head Quarters of the Number of men
and tents on hand & the number wanting to Compleat.
Lost the 15th Instant in or near the Encampment of this
Division A Red morocco pocket book Containing one 30 Dollar
bill, some small bills & some Accounts, which will be useless to
any person except the owner, if any person has found Said
book, & will Return it to Majr Morris A.D.C. or any of the
Brigade Majors so as the owner may have it again, shall have
20 Dollars Reward from Andrew Taylor Deputy QR M Genl.
Wednesday i6th Inst,
A Women duck'd belonging to this Division for stealing &
Our Brigade Cross'd the North River to Fish Kiln Landing
about one mile, & from thence to Fish Kiln Town 5 Miles
Distance from Sd Landing where we Encamp'd in an Orchard.
Head Quarters Fish Kiln's in Dutchess County
New York State i8th July 1777
A trusty Serjt. and 12 men to be Draughted from each Regt
of the Division who are to act as Pioneers & to be Severally
furnished with 4 handsaws, & 8 axes and that each Brigade of
the Division be furnished with one Grindstone for the purpose
ii8 THE ORDER BOOK OF
of keeping their Tools in proper order Lt. Sej^mour of the light
Dragoons tried by a Genl Court Martial for Saying (when
Capt. De Vandejour ordered him to see the mens Accoutri-
ments was in good order) that it was the Business of the Ser-
jeants & Corporals, the Court are of opinion unanimously that
Lt. Seymour be Released with Honor from his Arrest & Join
his troops the Genl approving the Sentence, at the same time
Requests that Officers in future will be more Carefull of arrest-
ing others without a sufficient Cause, as such Conduct will be
Attended with Serious Consequence the Commanding Officers
of Regts to examine into the Amunition of the men and Com-
pleat them to 24 Rounds Pr man.
I Capt., 2 Subt., 2 Serjts, 2 Corpls, i Drum, i Fife & 50
Privates to be Stationed as A Picquet at the forks of the Road
Leading to the Ferry & New York as the Genl expects to
move tomorrow he Desires the Division to hold themselves in
Readiness for that purpose, and Draw three Days Provisions
immedietly. A Main guard to Consist of i C, I S, 2 C, 24 P
who are to Collect and take care of all prisoners from Quarter
Guards of Regts who come within cognizance of a Genl Court
Martial; Field Officer of the Day from Genl De Bores Brig-
ade Adjutant of the Day from the same.
Those QR. Masters who have not made out their Returns
for tents to make them immedietly to Col. Sherriff D Qr. Mr,
General. Phillip McDonald being try'd by a Genl Court Mar-
tial & to Receive 200 Lashes, the Genl at the Request of Col.
Antill & some Faivourable Circumstances having appeared in
his faivour from steady adherance to his Duty remits the Sen-
tence as an Encouragement to others to behave equally well, &
orders him to be Restored to his Rank & dismis'd from his
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 119
Head Quarters Fish Kiln 19th July.
The Several Paymasters immedietly to make out their ab-
stracts & have them properly examined that the troops may
Draw their pay as soon as possible, Should they not be able to
Draw it on this Side the River, they will apply to Head Quar-
ters for it.
Field Officer of the Day to morrow from Col. Stones Brig-
ade. The Adjutant of the Day from ye same.
The Picquets at the forks of the Road to be properly Re-
Camp at Fish Kiln 19th July 1777
That A Court Martial be held immedietly for the tryal of
Such Prisoners as may be brought before them, the Court to
Consist of Capt. Nathaniel Mitchel President.
Lt. John Wilson ^ , fLt. M Kennon
Lt. James Bratton J ]^Ens. Skillmgton
Proceedings of the Court:
John Pemberton of Capt. Kirkwood's Company Confin'd by
Ens. Truelock on Suspicion of Stealing A Watch; Prisoner
being brought before the Court Pleads not guilty. Evidence
— John Chambers being duely Sworn deposeth that when he
was in the Barracks at Philada the Prisoner came frequently to
his Room to see some of his Acquaintance who were there, and
Seeing a Watch hanging up in the Room, the Prisoner ask'd
him whose Watch that was, upon which he Reply'd that it be-
long'd to Joseph Purdie a Drummer in Capt. Henery's Compy,
the Prisoner then asked him if he knew whether or not Purdie
I20 THE ORDER BOOK OF
would Sell it, he answer'd he believed he would, the Prisoner
took down the watch & opened her he farther Saith that from
that time since he has never seen the Watch. Evidence —
Gregory Peirce being Duely Sworn Deposeth that in the Bar-
racks at Philada he saw the prisoner have the watch in his
hand, but whether he took her or not he Cannot Say.
Prisoner on his Defence saith he was in Liquor at the time
he went into the Room in the Barracks & seeing the Watch
took her down, & looked at her, and then put her up again.
The Court after, a Due Consideration of the matter before
them, are of opinion that he is not guilty of the Charge laid
against him, & that he should be immedietly Releas'd from his
Natt. Mitchel President
Approved of & ordered that the Prisoner should be imme-
dietly released from his Confinement.
After Orders 19th July 1777
The Genl Desires the Qr Master of each Regt to make A
Return of Cloathing wanting, & send it by a trusty Off. to-
morrow morning, this Officer is to receive A Letter from Genl
Sullivan to Head Quarters where he will be supplied.
Head Quarters Fish Kiln 20th July 1777
The Genl Court Martial to sit tomorrow to try Barney
M Manus of CoL Gunby's Regt, and others confin'd by Col.
Antill's order on Suspicion of theft, the Division to march to
morrow morning between day Break & Sun rise towards peeks
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 121
Kiln, about 12 or 15 Miles to the most Convenient ground, &
there incamp till further orders The Qr Masters of Regts
to make a Return of the number of Waggons belonging to each
Regt to the QR Master Genl of the Division; this afternoon
at 4 OClock & the QR.M Genl is to proportion the number of
teams agreeable to the Regulations of Congress, and those that
have neglected to make their returns to the QR. M Genl are
to send them in, and Draw their tents immedietly.
Monday 21st July marched from Fish Kiln to Peeks Kiln
being 18 Miles v^^e pass'd through A Continental Village where
they Informed us that 23 Horses had Died that morning Be-
ing over heated by Drawing Cannon the Day before; And
encamp'd on the Brow of a hill ; Westchester County. Tues-
day 22nd we struck out tents and March'd 5 Miles further on
the Road Leading to North Castle where we encamped on A
verry stony hill. Wednesday 23 Struck our tents and march'd
4 miles further on the same Road and encamped near the fork
of the Road that Leads to Danbury.
Head Quarters Courtlands Mannor July 23rd 1777
The Genl desires Offs commanding Regts and others to be
verry exact in observing the orders he gave at the arival of the
Division, that no Off. leave the Camp without leave from his
Superior Off, & that no soldier stray beyond the Confines of
the encampment without a written Licence from the Com-
manding Officer of the Compy he Belongs to, the Genl is sorry
to observe that the orders he issued this morning, were not so
Strictly observed as they ought to have been, he therefore Re-
122 THE ORDER BOOK OF
quests that all Officers observe and see them executed with the
greatest Punctuality, and to have the Offenders punished on
the Spot: If any Soldier leave the encampment and are guilty
of any outrages or unsoldier like behaviour, the Commanding
Officer of the Compy, he or they belonging to will be Con-
sidered culpable, the Rolls to be Called at troop and Retreat
beating, when if there be any absent they must be immedietly
Sought for, & Confin'd for Disobedience of orders, the Sol-
diers to parade at all times Arm'd and accoutred.
Brigade Major for tomorrow Powell.
Adjutant for do Bartholmew.
The Picquet to be Relieved at lO OClock.
Head Quarters July 24th 1777
Each Regt to Clear a Parade in front of their encampment
and to clear their Streets of the Stones, which Stones must be
thrown in the front of the Parade, a fatigue party from each
Regt of 20 men under the QR. Mr. Serjants to dig necessary
holes in the rear of the encampment, & close to the edge of the
Woods; any Soldier &c. who shall be caught, doing his occa-
tions any where but in the holes dug for that purpose will be
severely punished, the Camp Colour men to cover the excre-
ments in the holes of their Respective Regiments every morn-
ing, & also take care that no filth, bones &c. be found within
their Respective Districts, A Camp Colour man to be appointed
to each Company, who together with the Pioneers will parade
every morning when the Pioneers march beats, the Pioneer to
cut wood for their Regts under the Inspection of an Officer, &
fatigue parties to be sent from each Regt to bring in wood for
the use of their Respective Regts.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 123
After Orders 24th July 1777
Genl Debores orders that there be 5 Capts lO Subs lO
Serjts 10 Corps 5 Drums, 5 Fifes & 250 Privates out of each
Brigade Commanded by Genl Sullivan, to be ready to march
any hour the Genl chuses to call for them, they must have
their Knapsacks, Blankets, and tw^o days Provisions, every man
of them must have their Arms in good order, and have their
Amunition Compleated to 24 Rounds.
Camp on a Hill Cortlands Manor 24th July 1777
The men to have their arms in good order & their Flints
well fix'd in their Pieces, M^ith lead or leather, the Serjts of
each Compy to see this put in execution.
Evening Orders 22nd July near Cramp Pond. (Omitted)
John Murphy of the 2nd & Daniel Brown of the 7th Mary-
land Regts & Canady Bay of the Delaware Regt tried by a
Genl Court Martial whereof Col. Price is president for house
breaking. Stealing and Beating the Inhabitants the Court are
unanimously of opinion that Murphy and Brown, are guilty of
the Charge & that they should suffer Death, & therefore do
Sentence them to be hanged until they are dead; The Court
do Sentence Canady Bay, to Receive 50 Lashes well laid on
Barney M. Manus of Col. Gunby's Regt. Tried by the same
Court for Marauning and absenting himself all night from
Camp, the Prisoner Confessing the Crime, the Court do Sen-
tence him to receive 100 Lashes well Laid on; The Genl
Approves the above Sentence and orders the execution of
124 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Canady Byay and Barney M. Manus to take place to morrow
at 9 OClock on the march, the time for the execution of the
other two, to be made known in future order.
July 25th 1777
This Evening our Division were ordered to parade to see
Jn Murphy & Daniel Brown Hanged, they being brought
under the gallows the Genl granted them 3 Days longer to
Saturday 26th July
Struck tents and march'd to Peaks hill Landing from thence
to Kings Ferry to the North River being 14 Miles and en-
Head Quarters Kings ferry 26th July 1777
Parole Peeks Hill C Sign Ramsey.
Brigadier Genl DeBores orders that the Division by ready
to Cross the North River to morrow morning at Day break
the Baggage to be ready at the same time, Genl Deborres
Brigade to Cross first.
His Excellency Genl Washington has ordered, that a Suffi-
cient number of Waggons be ordered to Carry the tents, no
other Baggage to be put in them, and they must not be heavy
loaded, that nothing might hinder us of Arriving in time where
we are to go; the Commissary will Strive all means to get
hard Bread for the use of the Division on the Road. The
Waggon M. Genl to order two Waggons to be ready to march
in the Rear of each Brigade, to take in the Sick & the lame.
The remainder of the Baggage will Stay behind the Division
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 125
under the Command of I C, 2 L, 2 S, 2 C, 60 P, i D, i F
which each Brigade will furnish an equal number, Genl De-
bores to furnish i C, i L, i S, i C, i D, i F, 30 P Col.
Stones I L, I S, I C, 30 P the Capt. that Commands will
strive and bring up the Baggage in the Rear of the Division,
as soon as possibly he can; His Excllency Genl Washington
has wrote to Genl Debores this Day, that Several Complaints,
came to him of our Division Plundering the Inhabitants as
they pass, Genl DeBores begs the Superiors will order their
Capts not to let any of their men out of Camp without a
permit in Writing. No Women to go with the Division, they
are to stay with the Baggage & none of them allowed to go
on the Waggons except such Weomen, as the Capt may judge
is realy Sick.
Camp Near Kings Ferry 28th July 1777
Brigade Genl Debores orders the Division will be Ready to
march at 2 OClock. Col. Stones in the front two Pieces of
Artilery in the front with their Baggage, and after that each
one Alternately, Genl Devores Requests the former order for
the Waggons may be observed, each Commander of each Regt
will take Care to suffer nothing to be put into the Waggons
but the tents, the Rest of the Baggage will follow after the
Division the Genl also Requests all the field Officers and
others of the Division to take Care that the Greatest Care be
observed on the march every day that no Soldier be going
before to enter into the Houses, burn the fences or Commit
Sunday being ye 27th inst. our Division Cross'd the North
River and encamped i^ Miles from the ferry on the 28th we
m.arched 9 Miles to A place called Cackgat on ye 27th Ult the
126 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Revd Mr. Leonard thought to have deprived himself of his
life by Cutting his throat with A Rasor but Unfortunately
mist his aim; the wound was so deep that his life was much
Evening Orders 28th July 1777
The Genl Orders the Division will be in Readiness at Break
of Day, Genl Devores Brigade will march in front with the
Artilery belonging to them and their amunition and Baggage
after marches. The Tent Waggons of each Brigade, and Ye
Comp'y stores after them wich will be followed by Coi. Stones
Brigade, after that the Baggage of all the Division will follow
with a guard of 60 men as Usual. Genl Debore Requires
the last time, all the Field Offs and others of the Division
take care that the greatest order in the march may be observ'd
every Day; no Soldier to go on Before it is Strictly order'd
that no Soldier go into the Houses or Barns to take straw or
any other thing belong to the Inhabitants, It is like wise
Strictly ordered upon pain of 50 Lashes to burn fences or any
thing belonging to the Inhabitants; The straw will be Dis-
tributed Regularly to all Soldiers at every Camp they come to.
Struck tents and march'd to A place Called Paramus 13
Miles distant from Carkgat Bergen County West Jersey.
Camp Paramus 29th July 1777
C. Sign Gunby.
By Genl Debores orders the Division will be in Readiness
at Break of Day; Col. Stones Brigade to march in front the
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 127
same orders for the Waggons will be observed; the Genl Re-
quires that the Gentlemen Offs will be exactly in the Road
with their Divisions and Encamp in the order of their Compy.
No Gentlemen Officers will lodge in any house Without leave
from the Genl, the same Orders to be observed Respecting the
Soldiers Commiting Hostilities.
30th July, Wee Struck our tents and Marched 9 Miles to
A Place Called Psaic falls which place afforded two great
Curiosities, the one was the Cataracks or falls which fell about
100 foot from the upper part of Sd falls to the Surface of the
River; the other was A Man of 23 years of age Who Lay
in a Cradle from his j^outh his head Being the Most Remark-
able, was In my opinion, Between 22 & 24 Inshes long, his
forehead about 12 Inshes broad across the Eyes with out any
fall on either Side, his Body of the Common Size, his arms &
hands about the Size of a Child of 7 years old, having no use
of his Right arm, but Could wave the other so much as to
keep the flies of his face, he had no use of his leges which was
like a Child of the same age with the other he could talk both
Low Dutch and english but in a verry low voice. Could
Repeat the most of the Shorter Catachism by heart, from
thence we Proceeded the Same Day 3 Miles Blow the Acquac-
anack Bridge on Sd. River in Essex County which Days march
was 20 Miles.
N. B. This man whome I have Been Describing upon Seeing
Some of our Weomen form'd a laugh and looked with the
greatest earnestness at them and at the Same time I saw him
put his left hand under the Cloaths But Shall write no more
of what I saw.
July 31st. We struck our tens and march'd 2 Miles to the
West of Newark where we Stop'd to Refresh at Which time
there was a Court Martial held on one of the Inhabitants of
128 THE ORDER BOOK OF
the place where We encamped the night before, his crime was
Perswaiding the Soldiers to Desert to the Enemy his Name
was Richard Ennis, The Court found him guilty by his own
Confession, and sentenced him to be hanged, which was put in
execution in two hours after, being about 5 OClock P. M.
Our Division march'd from thence and left him, Hanging
for his Brethern to Cut him down; We marched within one
Mile of Spring Field, our Days March was about 13 Miles.
Said Ennis was not cut down from where he was Hanging
until the next day about 8 OClock.
August 1st. By Day Break Struck our tents and march'd
by the way of the Scotch Plains to Quible Town which is 15
August 2nd. From Quibble we Proceeded on our march to
Bon brook and encamp'd one Mile West Said town which
days march Consisted of 8 Miles ; here we Stop'd the Remain-
der part of the Day to give our men an oppertunity of Clean-
ing their Cloaths.
Bon brook 2nd Augst 1777
That the Offs of each Compy take perticular care that the
Arms immidietly be put in good order belonging to their Re-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 129
Head Qrtrs Bond brook 2nd Augst 1777
Genl Deborre orders the Surjeons of the Division to make
an immediet Return of all the Sick in the Respective Regts to
the Deputy Qr M. General this order to be Complied wath
by 6, OClock this evening;
E. Sign Vanhorne.
The Division will Beat the Genl at yi after four OClock
& be ready to march at five, Col. Stone's
Brigade to march in front, the Same order for the Waggons
& the guards w^ill be observed. The Genl is verry thank full
for the good order the Gentlemen Offs have observed on the
Road, he is well Satisfied with the greatest part of the Sol-
diers; but some of them last night have Robbed a man of A
Hundred Dollars, he hopes that if the good and honest Sol-
diers descover that Crime, they will give notice to me or to
their Field Officers.
Sunday Augst 3rd. Struck tents & March'd about 7 Miles
to A place Call'd Pluckanim in Somerset County from thence
to Veal town in Morris County being about 8 Miles, & there
encamp'd (in all 15 Miles.
Camp Near Veal town 3rd Augst 1777
C. Sign Lee.
The Genl to Beat to morrow at 5 OClock, the Division to
march at ^ past 5 Brigdr Genl De Borres Brigade in front,
I30 THE ORDER BOOK OF
the same orders for the Waggons & guards will be observed,
20 Pioneers, lO from each Brigade Commanded by A Subn.
will march at 5, Before the Division to repair the Roads, the
0£fs will take Care to Conduct them in the best order.
I. G. Hamelton A. B. Majr.
Monday 4th August 1777
Strick tents & march'd through Morris town to a Village
Called Hannover in Morris County being About 10 Miles,
there Encamp'd in A Stony Orchard; this day arrived here
Majr Genl Sullivan having been sick at the Fish Kills.
Camp at Hanover 4th Augst 1777
Proceedings of A Genl Court Martial.
Jas. Carter of the 3rd Maryland Regt tryed by Said Court
on Suspicion of having Stole money from Micaia Dunn the
Court is of opinion that Jas Carter is guilty of the Charge &
do Sentence him to Receive 500 Lashes & to return to Maica
Dunn all the money found in his possission amounting to 26
Dollars i/srd of a Dollar, & that 35 Dollars be Stop'd out of
his pay, at the rate of 25 pr month by his commanding Offs &
to be paid to Said Dunn or his order.
The Genl approves the Sentence and orders it to be put in
exectuion to morrow morning at 9 OClock.
Camp at Hanover 5th Augst 1777
A Weekly Return to be made and Delivered to Mr. Lucas
of the Delaware Regt this Day.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 131
Camp at Hanover 5th July 1777
That the Commanding Officers of Companies take Perticular
care that their Arms are forthwith put in good order; That
they immedietly make out their pay Rolls for the month of
July; That they use their utmost diligence in preventing any
Inquiry being done to the properties of the Inhabitants of this
Head Quarters Hanover Township Morris County
5th August 1777
The Court Martial Whereof Col. Price was President is
Desolved, the Genl Returns them his hearty thanks for their
A Genl Court Martial to Sit to morrow Morning at 9
OClock, to try Ens. Farmer, for beating Thos Allen a Soldier
in Col. Prices Regt also to try Adjt Edley for beating a Negro
Belonging to the 3rd Maryland Regt, likewise to try Majr
Mullen, Brigade Major to Genl Deborre, for Ungentleman
like and unsoldier like beheaviour, and for giving Impertinent
language to Genl De Borre at the Head of his troops, and for
being intoxicated with Liquor, And Contemptiously tearing A
Coppy of his arrest ; the Court to try such other matters as may
be brought Before them, & to exist till further orders. Prisi-
dent of the Court Lt. Col. Smith, 2 Captains & 4 Subalterns
from Genl De borre's Brigade, 3 Captains & 3 Subalterns from
Col. Stones, the Brigade Major to Notify them immedietly.
Nothing can be more pleasing to the Genl than to hear from
Genl De borre, & from the other officers of the Division of the
Regular and orderly Beheaviour of the Soldiers of this Division
132 THE ORDER BOOK OF
while he was absent, a continiance of Such conduct, will not
only wipe of the Aspersions Cast upon this by Divisions but
raise it high in the eye of the Commander in Cheif, the Army
in General and the Inhabitants of the Country, in order to
effect this, the Genl earnestly requests of the faithful & honest
Soldiers that they use every means in their power to discover &
Inform against Such persons as may in future by their Licen-
tious Behaviour, attempt to bring infamy in this Division.
In order that the Soldiers may as much as posssible be en-
abled to rest themselves from their fatague, the guards to be as
Small as possible, & no duty to be done but what's realy nec-
The Field Officers of this Division are to attend at the
Genls Quarters at 5 OClock this Afternoon.
The D. QrM. Genl to Regulate and assign the Waggons to
Day, to the Several Regts.
Head Qurts Hannover August 6th 1777
Parole Lima C. Sign Perill.
Field Officer of the Day from Genl De borres Brigade The
Acting Brigade Major is to Send an Adjt of the Day to attend
at Head Qrs from day to day taking the Brigades in turn,
A Court of inquiry to Sit to morrow morning at 9 OClock
to inquire into A Complaint against Capt. Patten and Lt.
Sewell for Beating Edward Rock of Col. Hazens Regt Col.
Hall of the Delaware Regt President of the Court of inquiry,
A Captain and two Subalterns of each Brigade to attend as
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 133
Head Quarters Hanover 7th Augst. 1777
Field Officer of the day to morrow from Genl Small-
wood Brigade, Adjutant of the Same.
An orderly Serjt from each Brigade to be Sent to Hd Qrs
daily; if any Cartridges Boxes, or Bayonett belts are Wanting,
the officers commanding the Different Regts are Desired to
Call upon the Commissary of Artilery Stores, who Shall supply
them with what they Shall want to compleat their Regts.
The Brigade Return to be made regularly every Saturday; the
Brigade Majors to call at Head Quarters for A form of A
Brigade Return ; Ens. Farmer try'd by A Genl Court Martial
for Stricking A Soldier, whereof Col. Smith was president the
Court were Unanimously of opinion that Ens. Farmer was
Justifiable in Striking Thomas Allen, for his Insolence and Dis-
obedience of his orders, & that Mr. Farmer ought to be Ac-
quitted of his Arrest with Honour, the Genl Highly Approves
the Sentence and orders Mr. Farmer ought to be Acquitted of
his Arrest with honour, the Genl highly approves the Sentence
and orders Mr. Farmer to be Released from his Arrest the
Genl also orders Thos Allen released from his Confinement.
Though the Genl would by no means encourage Officers in
Stricking Soldiers upon every Trivial occation, yet he can never
think of Countinanceing the Soldiers in giving Impertinent &
abusive language to Officers, & he desires that in future no
Officer may put another in Arrest where there is only A Sus-
picion of his guilt, but that instead thereof an Application may
be made for A Court of inquiry; Patrick Ivory Drum Majr &
Edward Crossgrove of the ist Maryland Regt Accused of
Stealing, tried by the Sd Court, they are of opinion unani-
mously that the are both guilty of the Charge laid against
134 THE ORDER BOOK OF
them. And do sentence Patrick Ivory to be Reduced to A
Private Drum & Receive lOO Lashes & Crossgrove 300 well
laid on the bare back, the Genl approves the Sentence of both
& orders it put in execution to Morrow morning at Troop
beating at the head of the Regt to which they Belong.
Head Qrtrs Hannover 8th August 1777
Field Officer of the day to morrow from Genl De
borres Brigade; Adjt from the Same.
The Genl Court Martial whereof Lt. Col. Smith, was
President, Abm Phillips try'd by Said Court for Desertion the
Court are unanimously of opinion that the Said Phillips is
guilty & do Sentence him and do Sentence him to be Shot, the
Genl approves the Sentence and orders it put in execution be-
tween the hours of 10 in the morning & 3 OClock to morrow
Basil Dennis try'd by the Same Court for Desertion the Court
are of opinion that the Said Dennis is Guilty of the Charge,
but being over persuaded when in liquor by Phillips & from
his General good behaviour, the Court do Sentence him to Re-
ceive 100 lashes, the Genl approves the Sentence & orders it put
in execution to morrow morning at guard mounting, Wm.
Wood, Geo. Phillips, & Jas Taylor try'd by the Same Court
for Stealing, the Court are of opinion that James Taylor is not
guilty of the Charge, & that he ought to be releas'd from his
Confinement, but are of opinion that Wm Wood & Geo. Phil-
lips are guilty, & do Sentence Phillips to receive 100 Lashes &
Wood 60 well laid on, the Genl Approves the Sentence & or-
ders it put in execution to morrow morning at guard Mount-
ing; The Court of inquiry whereof Col. Hall was Prisident
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 135
have reported that Capt. Patten who was unjustifiably accused
of beating Edw. Rock of Col. Hazens Regt is in no Respect
guilty of the Charge, but that the Sd Rock was unjustifiably
beat, & that Lt. Sewell who Commanded the Guard did not
behave out of the line of his duty, in what he did to Said Rock,
The Court having not Reported what officers were guilty of
that inhumane abuse, the Genl thinks Necessary to observe,
that th'o the officers who bring up the Rear of any Corps, on
the March may with Propriety Strick Such Soldiers as will
neglect obeying orders, or Stragle behin'd, yet this only to be
adopted from the necessaty of the Case, & is by no means to
be brought to Such a degree of wanton cruelty as appears by
the Evidence in the Present Case, espacially when the offender
does not aggravate his Crimes by giving the officer Abusive
Language nothing of which appears by the evidence before the
Court of inquiry, had the Soldier off'red any insult to those
officers either by word or Action it would undoubtedly been
compleat Justification for their Chastising him so long as his
insolence continued, but this not appearing to be the Case,
nothing can Justify such Conduct.
The Brigade Majors or those who act as such to attend at
Head Quarters for orders Precisely at 10 OClock.
Head Quarters Hannover Augst 9th 1777
The Execution of Abm Phillips is suspended untill Afternon
& then to be between the hours of 3 & 5 OClock at which time
the Division to be under Arms, Genl De borre to appoint some
person to receive one half the Saws and axes from Col. Stone,
that was delivered him at Fish Kills for the use of the Pioneers,
136 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Col. Stone is desired to give orders for the Delivery of them
when apply'd for.
A Court of Inquiry to sit on Monday morning at 9
OClock, Major Adams Prisident, 3 Caps & 3 Subs, from each
Brigade to form the Court, to inquire into the Complaint of
Col. Wall against Commissary Durrah for Beating and abus-
ing Patrick Burk a Soldier in Col. Halls Regt.
Saturday Augst 9th the Division Paraded about 4 OClock
this afternoon & march'd in field in the Rear of our encamp-
ment to see the execution of Abm Phillips of the 2nd Mary-
land Regt he vv^as Shot about 6 OClock, his crime was attempt-
ing to Desert to the Enemy but did not effect it.
Camp Hanover loth Agst 1777
Col. Stone Requests the Officers & Soldiers of Genl Small-
woods Brigade, to attend Divine Service at 10 OClock, this
forenoon, every Soldier to be neat and Clean & the greatest
Decency to be observed.
Head Quarters Hanover August nth 1777
Field Officer of the Day tomorrow from Genl Smallwood's
Brigade, Adjutant of the day from ye Same The Genl think-
ing it necessary for the health of the Soldiers, that Genl De
borres Brigade Should be Removed from their present ground
of Encampment he requests of Genl Deborre to order A Con-
venient place as near the present Encampment as he can.
The Picquetts as in orders, with the other guards Remain
till further orders.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 137
A Genl Court Martial to Sit tomorrow morning at 9
OClock: Lt. Col. Antill President, 3 Captains & 3 Subs,
from each Brigade, to form Said Court, to try Ensign Hillary
for being Drunk, profane Swearing, and Behaving very inde-
cent, also to try Such matters as may be brought Before them.
The main Guard to be augmented immedietly to I L, 2 S,
2 C, 33 P; The Court of Inquiry that was to sit this Morn-
ing whereof Major Adams was President is desolved. A Court
of inquiry to Sit tomorrow morning at 9 OClock Lt. Col.
Ramsey President; 3 Captains and 3 Subs, from each Brigade
to form Said Court, to inquire into A Complaint by Col. Hall
alledged against Commissary Durrah for Beating & Abusing
Patt. Burk a Soldier in his Regt also to inquire into A Com-
plaint lodged against Lt. Jordan, for taking A horse the prop-
erty of Mr. Buchannon, also for abusing and Suffering him to
be abused by A party under his command, & for not giving
Mr. Buchannan proper Satisfaction for hay he had taking for
the use of the States.
After Order nth Augst 1777
The Commanders of Brigades to give orders to their Qr-
Masters to see that their Artilery and Waggons horses are well
Shod, that when the Division is order'd to march, there might
be no Excuse or Delay; & that the Brigade be in Readiness to
march immedietly when notice is given.
Camp Hanover August nth 1777
That the officers of the Regt are once more Requested punc-
tually to attend parade & to take Particular Care that their
138 THE ORDER BOOK OF
men are present that no non Commissioned officer or Soldier
presuming to appear on parade when In Camp with uncomb'd
hair or unshaven, the Officers are Desired to take Care that
this order be punctually observed. That as nothing is more
Conduceive to the Healthiness of A Camp than Cleanliness,
they are therefore whilst in Camp to keep themselves as neat
and clean as their cloathing will allow; upon pain of being
Court Martial'd. Returns to be made out immedietly of what
Cloathing may be wanting for each Company.
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial held by orders
of Col. David Hall for the tryal of Such Prisoners as may be
Brought before them belonging to the Delaware Regiment.
Thomas Holland Capt. President.
Lt. Wilson 1 ( Ens. M Clane
Ens. Hosman | 1 Ens. J Lidd
Saml M Murry of Capt. Andersons Company Confin'd by
Lt. Queenouault for being Drunk & offering to Sell A Razor
belonging to Jno Purnell of Said Company, Evidence — Wm
Guttrie of Capt. Andersons Compy declared that he Saw the
Prisoner offer the Razor for Sale to A Soldier, went up and
told him not to buy the Razor for it was not his own the pris-
oner Said it was, on which Guttrie took him to Lt. Quenou-
Evidence — Jno Purnell Saith that he was Sick and had
leave to put his knapsack in the Waggon, but when he Came
to Camp could not find it, but on hearing that A Razor was
offer'd for Sale, he went to the Lieut for leave to Search the
rest of his things when he found Some of them in the prisoners
Knapsack ; The Prisoner told him he did not know he was
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 139
come from Morriston that he knew they ware his and in-
tended to take care of them for him.
Prisoners Defince — Saith that when the Waggon came to
Camp, the things were all loose & toss'd about, & having lost
all his things was looking for them, when he found his Knap-
sack with Purnels things in it. But who put them there he
could not tell, but said he would take Care of them for him.
Evidence for the Prisoner — Fredrick Vanlip, saith that
he Saw the Prisoner take up the Knapsack and look'd at the
things, and Said they Belong'd to Jno. Purnell & that he would
take Care of them for him; Prisoner further Saith that he has
A Razor of the Same Mark & make as Jno. Purnells, & that
he did not offer the Razor for Sale intending to Defraud any
The Court having taking the whole into consideration are
of opinion the Prisoner did not intend any Defraud, but that
he is guilty of the unpardonable Crime of Being Drunk, &
order him to be Severly reprimanded.
The Sentence of the Court Approv'd and order'd to be put
in Execution by Lt. Jordan.
Col. D R
Monday nth August. Brigadier Genl Smallwood Arrived
here at Camp and took Command of our Brigade Consisting
of the Delaware Regt ist 3rd & 7th Maryland Regts.
I40 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Tuesday August 12th. Struck tents About 9 OClock in the
morning & march'd about one mile and encamp'd near A Grist
& Saw Mills.
Head Quarters Hannover 12th August 1777
Field officer of the Day tomorrow^ from Genl Deborres
Adjt of the Day from the Same.
The Genl having obtaned licence from the Commander in
Cheif, & in consequence thereof granted A Pardon to John
Murphy & Daniel Brow^n he Sincerely hopes that this act of
Lenity may not serve to incourage that Spirit of Disorder and
Licentiousness which has always Prevailed too much in this
Division, he wishes it may Shew the Soldiers the Advantage
of A good Character; And the good opinion of their officer
which was the real foundation for the Lenity Shown them
Unhappy Persons, he trusts the future Conduct of those
unhappy men, will wipe off the Stain brought upon them by
their Inconsiderate Conduct, and he Strictly forbids the Sol-
diers to Cast any kind of Reflections, or upbraid them for the
Crime for which they have Received A General Pardon.
Captain Seward to Join General Smallwoods Brigade, leav-
ing Such officers and men to Command the Artilery of Genl
Deborres Brigade as he Shall think proper; The Paymasters
to make out their Abstracts to the ist of August immedietly,
till which time (Genl Washington who is on his march to-
wards us; has ordered this Division to be paid up.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 141
Head Quarters Hanover 13th Augst 1777
Feild officer of the Day tomorrow from Genl Small-
Adjt of the Day from the Same.
The Genl is much Surprised that the orders of the nth
inst. is not complied with (Respecting the Court Martial
whereof Lt. Col. Antill is president) the President having at-
tended at Several times, & could not proceed to Business for
want of members to form Said Court. The Brigade Major
to See the Court form'd Agreeable to Genl orders immedietly
Brigade Major Powell for the Day tomorrow an orderly Ser-
jeant in future to be Sent by the Brigade Major of the Day to
attend upon Such Court as may be Setting agreeable to Genl
Hannover 13th August 1777
The Commandants of Regts in Genl Smallwoods Brigade,
are Requested immedietly to furnish Returns of their Regts,
and Render lists of Such arms & Accoutrements, Cloathing
&c. as may be wanting in order that the Same may be pro-
cured, to put the Regts in the most formidable & Comfortable
Situation; and as the Ground for the Encampment was yes-
terday Regularly laid off the Genl can't avoid observing that
it would have been much more pleasing; had the officers at-
tended to, and had their tents more Regularly pitch'd which
it is expected will be better attended to in future; as it will
not only contribute to the Beauty of the encampment, but also
to the health and Disclipine of the Soldiers;
142 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Adjutants are Required to Draw one Camp Colour
man out of each Company in their Respective Regts, who are
to act and do no other Duty for the space of one week, after
which they will be Releived, and the QrMasters are Required
to assemble every morning at gun fireing, & direct them to
Clean and Sweep the Streets of all nausances, throwing the
Same into the pits and Covering the filth therein with fresh
dirt every morning, all Cooking, washing, &c. are expressly
forbid within the limits of the Encampment, which must be
performed at A Proper Distance in front and on the Flanks
thereof, & the latter to prevent trash and filth in the Encamp-
ment, & within the tents of the Soldiers. A Visiting officer
from each Regt must be daily appointed to inspect within the
limits of his Regiment and Direct the Removal thereof. The
Brigade Compleatly Arm'd & Accoutred must Parade in front
of the Encampment at troop & Retreat Beating, tis expected
the Officers in General will on those occations make A point
of attending in their proper posts; Officers will attend to and
Direct their men to Shave & Shift twice A Week, & also in-
spect their Arms, Accoutriments, & Provision, & their mode of
Cooking verry frequently, & that they do not load their mus-
kets without orders, and unless the Cleaning their arms is
attended to, they will be apt to bend their gun Barrels, any
Soldier without leave in Writing from his officer, found Strag-
gling above one mile from the Encampment will be Liable to
be taken up and punished as a Deserter; Sobriety, good order,
& Diligence are earnestly recommended.
Camp at Hannover August 14th 1777
Proceedings of a Regimental Court Martial held by order
of Major Vaughen for the trial of Dennis Maanna of Capt.
Hollands Company; Confin'd by said Capt. for theft.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 143
Robt. Kirkwood Capt. President.
Lt. Queenouault | | Lt. Duff
Lt, Brattan J 1 Ens. Bennett
Evidence — Prisoner being brought before the Court pleads
not guilty; John Tappan an Inhabitant of this place being
duely Sworn Deposeth that when he went into the Room he
Saw none but a Girl and the Prisoner in it the Girl went into
another Room and said She had lost A Handkf A Soldier
Saw a HandkfE hanging out of the Prisoners pocket and In-
formed the Landlady of it, the Prisoner Said he had not got it,
Upon which the Soldier Shewing the Prisoner the end of it,
Saying there it is, he deliver'd it up, the girl Said She saw it
before but was afraid of Speaking about it. Prisoner on his
defence Saith that he went into the tavern & got a gill of gin,
that he Saw A Handkff on the Chair & took it up & held it in
his hand, & put it by accident in his pocket & forgot it, upon
being accused of taking Said Handkff denied it, having forgot
he had it, & further Said he had no pockets but one in his
Breeches, upon opening of which he found it, & delivered it to
The Court are unanimously of opinion that Dennis Maanna
is not only guilty of the Charge laid against him, but of lying
before the Court, and do Sentence him to Receive 75 Lashes
for the first Crime & 25 for the last, on his bare back well
Laid on with the Cat o nine tails; which Sentence is approv'd
of by Majr Vaughen & ordered to be put in execution this
Head Qrtrs 14th August 1777
Field Officer of the tomorrow from Genl Deborres Brigade,
Brigade Major & Adjt. of the day from the Same The Amaz-
144 THE ORDER BOOK OF
ing neglect of the Field officers of the day in not making any
Report for Some days past, Oblidges the Genl to order ex-
pressly that the Field officer of the day, make his report every
day before 12 OClock & that each officer of the Guards, make
his Report to the officer of the Day before 10 OClock The
form of the Report for the Feild officer of the Day was given
out at Princeton & must be now followed, the name of the
Feild officer of the day to be Returned to Head Qurtrs By the
Brigade Major of the Brigade he belongs to as soon as he is
appointed, the Brigade Majors to return & the names of the
members of Court martials & Courts of Inquiry to the Re-
spective Presidents as soon as appointed and warn'd that they
may be able to Report those members who neglect to attend,
A Strict & Regular Attention to the Duties of the Camp is
expected, as much as though the Enemy were at hand, good
officers will Readily see the necessaty of this, those who cannot
at present observe it, may gain knowledge from the conduct of
Hanover 15th August 1777
The Brigadier General in pursuance of an order recv'd from
Major Genl Sullivan, requires from the Commandants of Regts
in his Brigade, Returns of their Sick lodg'd in the Several Hos-
pital that a proper offr may be Despatched, to bring in Such
as may be recov'ed fit for Duty, and also Returns of such as
may have been imprisoned, that they may be brought in, tried
punished & Returned to their Respective Regts which now
want their aid its expected such Returns will be immedietly
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 145
Head Quarters 15th August 1777
Field officer of the Day tomorrow from Genl Smallwoods
Brigade, Brigade Majr & Adjt. of the day from the Same.
The Genl expecting speedely to Receive orders to march or-
ders that that no artilery nor Waggon & Horses be sent out of
Camp on any Buisness whatever: the QrMasters to see that
they are Shod and kept in good order, for marching on the
Ens. Hilery tried by A Genl Court Martial Whereof Lt.
Col. Antill is President, for Drunkness, profane Swareing, &c.
the Court are of opinion that he receive a private Reprimand
from the Commanding officer of the Brigade, he be Imme-
diately Dismissd The Genl Approves the Sentence of the Court
and orders it put in Execution to morrow morning at 7
OClock. Patrick Camery a Waggoner in the Continental
army tryed by the same Court for theft the Court find him
Guilty, & Sentence him to Receive 100 lashes upon the bare
back, at such time & place as the Comm. of the Division Shall
think proper to order, the Genl. Approves the Sentence of sd
Court & orders it put in Execution to morrow morning 9
OClock The Adjt. of the Day for the Division to see the Sen-
tence of sd Court put in Execution.
After Orders 15 August 1777
The Genl Court martial whereof Lt. Coll Antill was Presi-
dent is disolv'd.
A Genl Court Martial to sit to morrow morning at 9
OClock, Coll Gunby President, 3 Capts & 3 Subalterns from
each Brigade, to try Pamabre for Confineing James McCoy
Contrary to Genl Orders, After being Acquainted therewith,
Also to try any other matters that may be brought before them.
146 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters Hanover i6th August 1777
Feild officer of the Day tomorrow from Col, Deborres
Brigade, Brigade Major from the same.
The Court Martial Whereof Col. Gunby's President is not
to Sit till further orders, the Court of Inquiry Whereof Lt.
Col. Ramsey is President, have Reported that Commissary
Durrah is by no means Justifiable in Beating the Soldier Be-
longing to Col. Halls Regt they think A Private Reprimand
from the Genl will answer every purpose of Calling a Court
martial. The Genl approves of the Report of Said Court of
Inquiry, to which Court Commissary Durrah has Submitted.
The Genl forbides the Soldiers entering the Mill Belonging
to Mr. Ford or to Conscern with the flood Gates as he is De-
termin'd in future to bring Such Offenders to A Severe pun-
Head Qrtrs Hannover 17th August 1777
Feild oifr of the Day to morrow from Genl Small-
woods Brigade, Brigade Major from the Same.
A Return of all the ordinance Stores belonging to the Artil-
ery to be made to Head Quarters as Soon as possible by the
Commanding Officer of the Artilery, At A General Court
Martial held at Hanover the 6th Inst Major Mullen was tried
for giving insolent and Abusive Languague to Genl Deborre at
ye Head of his Brigade, & for being frequently Intoxicated
with Liquor, of which Charge the Court found him guilty &
Sentenced him to be Cashierd, the Commander in Chief ap-
proved the Sentence, & orders it to take place Immedietly.
Those Regts which are yet in want of tents to make returns
to the QrM.Genl to morrow morning by 8 OClock The
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 147
Brigade Major to Call on the QrMasters for A Return of all
the tents & Marquees that are publick property & upon the
Adjts for a Return of all the men & Weomen in their Respec-
tive Regts, from which they are to make A Genl Return of
each Brigade in the following manner Viz.
In one Collumn the number of Feild officers 2ndly the Serjts
4thly Privates including Drums, Fifes as also Waggoners &
Weomen, then they are to State the number of tents in their
Respective Brigades, & Set forth the number wanting upon the
following Calculations, Viz A tent to each Feild officer, one to
two Commissioned & Staff officers, one to 4 Serjts & one to 6
Privates including Corporals, as Well as Waggoners weomen
&c. The Deputy QrM. Genl after Receiving the Returns is
to attend with them at Head Quarters before he Delivers out
The Paj^master of the Several Regts to attend at Head
Quarters this afternoon at 5 O Clock.
Head Quarters Hannover i8th August 1777
Feild officer of the Day tomorrow from Genl Deborres
Brigade Major from the Same.
Head Qrtrs Roxborough 9th August
By his Excellency the Commander in Cheif; The Waggon
Master General and all those acting in the Department under
him, are for the future to govern themselves Agreeable to the
148 THE ORDER BOOK OF
rules and Regulations of the Army, conformable to all General
orders, & Division and Brigade orders Respectivily, & those
attach'd to Brigades to be Subject to the Verbal orders of the
Feild officers, of the Brigades appointed to the Charge and
Direction of the line of march for the day; For any offence
they are to be Confin'd to their Quarters and tried by Such
Court Martial as Shall be appointed to hear and Determine
the Same, If any Officer in the Department misbehaves either
in the march, or to the Brigadier or Major General of the
Brigade or Division, either of whome may order the Person
to Confine himself to his Qrs Provision being made to keep
Waggon masters to their Duty every officer is positively forbid
to put any of them under guard or into the Provost, & there
doing it w^ill assuredly Subject them to be tried by A Court
martial for Desobedience of orders ; The names of the Waggon
masters General appointed to Divisions to be inserted in the
Division orders & these Officers are to have Recourse to Genl
orders for the better Regulations of their Conduct; The Pay-
masters to make out their Abstracts up to the first of July
which they are to Carry in and Receive their money also to
lodge their abstracts for the month of July with the Paymaster
General; The Regimental QrMasters are to make Returns to
the D. QMr General of this Division of the Stores in these
Respective Regts, and that with the utmost exactness in every
article, the Returns to be given in at 5 OClock to morrow
morning P. M. Capt. Parmelee of Col. Hazens Regt put in
Arrest for Conflneing James MKay contrary to Genl orders
after being made acquainted there with, the Genl upon exam-
ination that Capt. Parmelee had no Settled Design of Dis-
obeying orders, or Desputing his Authority And that the part
Capt. Parmelee acted proceeded only from Mistake, the Genl
Discharges him from his arrest.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 149
The Commissary in future to Deliver all guards & Fatague
men one Gill of Rum pr man pr Day, and to the Rest of the
Division, holding themselves in Readiness to march ^ Gill of
Rum pr man A Day.
After Orders August i8th 1777
The Genl orders that the Muster Rolls of those Regts that
vi^ere not mustred last month by the Deputy Muster Master
General, to be made out Immedietly Up to the last day of
July, each Capt. or Commanding Officer of A Company or
Troop is to make out 4 Rolls Writ in A fact hand, the Com-
missioned Officers to hold the first Place in the Roll; the non
Commissioned the 2nd the present & other effective privates
the 3rd And the non effective, the missing, Discharged, De-
serted, and dead, the Rolls must be folded up and endorsed,
so as to express the Regt Company & the time v^^hen they were
taken; the Rank of the Captains Should be Signified by the
figures I, 2, 3, &c on the Back of the Rolls; As the men are
to be excus'd from Duty, it is expected that every man whose
absence is not Accounted for, in the Collumn of Remarks will
appear before the Officer of Musters.
The Genl Court Martial Wherof Col. Gunby is President
is to Sit to morrow morning at 9 OClock.
Camp Hanover August 19th 1777
A Brigade Court Martial to Sit at 11 OClock this morning
for the tryal of Patt Davis & Dennis Cain both of the Dela-
150 'THE ORDER BOOK OF
ware Regt Confin'd by Majr Powell for Being out of Camp
after Tatoo; & Beating and abusing an Inhabitant; Capt.
Kirkwood President, A Sublt. from each Regt Members.
Head Quarters Hanover 19th August 1777
Field Officer of the day tomorrow from Genl Small-
Brigade Major from the Same.
The Waggon Masters to Draw the tents for his Officers
Immedietly, also to see that the Waggoneers draw their tents
from their Respective Brigades to which they Belong.
19th August 1777
The Dailey Complaints of the Inhabitants residing adjacent
to and in the Neighbourhood of our encampment sufficiently
Demonstrates the Depravity of the Soldery, and I am afraid
the Inattention of the Officers to restrain Such unsoldiery and
infamous practices has give Rise to these Complaints Would
the Soldery Consider that their Reputation, & in Some In-
stance I might add the Safety of a Corps is founded. And De-
pend not less on the Strict obedience to orders. Sobriety, Hon-
esty, & temperance, these on Valour, and Discipline, which are
both promoted and increased in a more or less Immediet Degree
as those Quallifications are Cherished and Practised, they must
blush for their Conduct, which must Strongly impress them
with Resembling Sheep Stealers, & theives more than honest
brave men fighting and Struggling for the Liberties of America,
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 151
the pay & Subsistance of the Continental Army is more Liberal
than the allowance made to any other Soldiers in the face of
the earth, this therefore cannot be an excuse for Breaking open
Peoples Houses, & Stealing their Property, burning & other-
wise destroying their out houses, implements of Husbandry &
Handicraft Busness, together with their fencing & Crops ; The
latter perhaps may Destress this verry part of the Army next
Winter, as well as the poore Inhabitants who are held up as
the only Sufferers, to Restrain Such horrid & Shameful Prac-
tices, Let me intreat & Conjure every officer in the Brigade,
to exert collectively & individually his utmost efforts; and the
Brigadier Genl most earnestly begs those honest brave Soldiers
who Still have A Regard to their good name, & the Credit of
the Brigade, that they will use their best endeavours to disuade
from & detect their Comrades in Such infamous practices; Its
with conscern the Genl finds himself oblidg'd to declare that un-
less such practices are Drop'd the most Riged measures will be
adopted, and Examplary punishments inflicted in every instance.
Proceedings of A Brigade Court Martial held in Camp, Han-
over 19th August 1777.
Robt Kirkwood Capt. President.
1st Lt. Richd Anderson 7th M. R. ] ' r Ens. Benjm. MClean D R
2nd Lt. Richd Bird 5 M. R. J \ Ens. Jno James 3 m: R
Serjt Cain |
& Pat Davis Private j of the D R confin'd by major Powell
being Brought before the Court pleads guilty; but Occationed
Major Powell being duely Sworn, Sayeth, last night about
10 OClock Complaint was lodg'd with me against two Soldiers
152 THE ORDER BOOK OF
who was at the house of a Mr. Dennison in this Neighbour-
hood, and had behav'd in a verry indecent manner In Con-
sequence of this information, I took A Corporal & file of men
and went with my informant, to Mr. Denisons, where I found
the Prisoners each with a gun in his hand, upon inquiring
what was the matter and their Buisness there at Such a time
of night, Davis told me the man of the house had used them in
a verry gross manner, had given them much abusive language,
& had taken up his gun and threatened to Shoot them for
Damn'd Rebels, saying also that he would get enough from
Staten Island to beat our whole Brigade Mr. Denison denied
the Accusation, Said they had come to his house, in a verry
abrupt manner, that Davis Swore A young woman, that was
nursing Denisons Wife Was his Wife, and he'd be Damn'd if
he did not Sleep with her, Denison Said he ofEred them a bed
in his Shop, & Supper if they wanted it, but that his wife was
at the point of death, & that he Could not Suffer any other
than his famely to sleep in his house that the Prisoners then
entred his house again, Search'd it, Calld him a damn'd Tory,
& took from him two guns (the Same I found them with) they
were both Somewhat intoxicated, this was better than an hour
after Tattoo beating.
Mr. Dennison Being duely Sworn Sayeth, that the above
mentioned Prisoners came to his house just at dark, & de-
manded A Young Woman which he had in his house, & one
of them Claimd her as his wife, which girl was up stairs at the
Same time. I denied that there was any Such girl there that
Blong'd to them, upon which they took two guns of my prop-
erty which was behind a Door, & went out, & swore that they
would Stand Sentrie at my Door, for I was a Tory and fired
one of the guns off.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 153
The Court are unanimously of opinion that Serjt Cain &
Patt Davis, are guilty of the Charge, & do Sentence Serjt Cain
to be Reduced to the Ranks & Receive 50 Lashes and Patt
Davis 100 lashes, on the bare back Avell laid on w^ith the Cat
oNine tails: _.
The above Sentence approv'd, but from having heard A
favourable Character of Serjt Cain have Remitted the Latter
part of the punishment, and have thought proper to Remit 50
lashes of Patt. Davis's punishment the Remainder to be in-
flicted at beat of Retreat.
Head Qrtrs Hanover 20th August 1777
Field Officer of the Day tomorrovi^ from Genl Deborres
Brigade, Major from the Same.
The Weekly Returns to be given in every Saturday Morn-
ing by 8 OClock.
The Brigade Major to See that the Adjutants of the Brigade
they belong to, bring in the Regimental Weekly Returns to
them every friday morning; at 8 OClock The Court martial
w^hereof Col. Gunby is President to Sit tomorrow morning at
9 OClock to try such matters As may be brought before them.
Camp Hanover 20th August 1777
The Brigadier General requires the Commandants of Regts
in his Brigade, to Select as many of their men as will be able
154 THE ORDER BOOK OF
to Stand a march, to arm and Accouter them in the best man-
ner & Blankets Slung, to make Returns and draw Immedietly,
& have it cook'd, three days salt provisions & hard bread if they
can possibly be furnished, their tents will be left Standing &
guarded by those, who may be two infirm for the Fatagues of
the March three days allowance of Rum is also to be drawn;
but the Genl would recommend that none be delivered out
without his further orders, the whole to hold themselves in
Readiness to march tomorrow at ii OClock in the forenoon.
Thirsday 2ist Our Brigade March'd at ii OClock by the
Way of Bottle Hill, which is 5 miles from thence to Chattam
7 miles and there Refresh'd from thence we march'd thr'o
Spring field to Elizabeth Town point 10 miles there our men
unloaded themselves of their knapsacks & Blankets & Crossed
the River in the Greatest Silence on to Staten Island all which
we effected By day Break, from thence we proceeded towards
the East end of the Island where coming near A Guard Con-
sisting of About 100 Men of British Troops but upon first of
us they Ran away at this place We Destroyed near 300o£ of
Stores Besides A Quantity brought off; We traveled near 20
Miles on the Island but Could not see any more of the Enemy,
About I OClock Came to the Bazing Star Where we all
Cross'd but lOO men who were Detain'd about Bringing over
Stock these were attacked & mostly taken Prisoners after they
had fired all their Amunition away that night the Prisoners
beat off the Guard & the greatest part of them got over the
River, the Prisoners that were taken from them were as fol-
3 Cols: viz Barton, Lawrence, & Allen, 4 Captains 6 Sub-
alterns & 150 Privates all of the greens, then march'd to Spank
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 155
town being 7 Miles, Saturday 23d march'd to Elizabeth Town
5 Miles from thence to Springfield 7 Miles Sunday 24th
march'd through Westfield to Specatria being 14 Miles, Mon-
day 25th march'd to Brunswick being 5 Miles, Tuesday 26th
march'd to Princeton being 15 Miles, & quarterd our Men in
the College, Wednesday 27th the Baggage came up then
pitch'd our Tents in an Old Field back of the said College.
Tuesday 28th Struck tents at day break and March'd to Tren-
ton in Hunterdon County Being 12 Miles that evening I
Cross'd the River in Compy with Capt. Anderson and Marched
to the Red Lyon within 13 Miles of Philadelphia 29th
Marched from the Red Lyon thr'o Philada down to Wilming-
ton & the 30th I went to my Fathers.
Pennsylvania State Head Quarters Chester Septr ist
Field Officer of the Day to morrow from Genl Deborres
Brigade, the Commanding Officers of the Several Regts to See
that their men have provisions Cook'd for tomorrow those Regts
that have not Drawn may draw at this place.
Genl Deborre with all the Field Officers of both Brigades
to attend at Head Quarters at Senals tavern at the Post office
precisely at 5 OClock this Afternoon, the troops to march for
Wilmington tomorrow morning at day Break, Genl Small-
woods Brigade to march in front, the Officers are Desired to
prevent the Waggons being loaded with men & Weomen, none
to Ride but those Soldiers who are unable to march.
Tuesday Septr 2nd Struck tents & march'd to Wilmington
in the Delaware State & encamp'd about one Mile West of
the town in all 13 Miles.
156 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters Wilmington Septr 3rd 1777
By order of Genl Smallwood the Commanding Officer of the
Different Regts in this Brigade to have Returns made out of
all the plunder that was taken on Staten Island the plunder to
be Collected at one place in order that there may be an equal
Destribution made of the Same.
The Col. desires that the Arms & Accoutrements be put in
the best of Order, & that Catridges be Drawn when wanting,
no guns to be taken out of the Stocks, nor locks to be taken to
pieces in Cleaning the Same The officers of the DifEerrent Com-
panies to examine into the State of mens Arms every Morning
at parade, Should any damage happen to any of the Arms
through neglect of the Soldier that their Acctt be Charged with
the Same, any Soldier that Shall Descharge his fire Arms with-
out leave from the Commanding Officer Shall Receive 50 lashes
on his bare back upon the Spot, that no Soldier be permitted to
leave Camp on any pertence whatsoever without leave from
their Officers; The QrMastrs of the Differrent Regts to have
proper Sinks dug in the rear of their Regts And the Bushes &
brush to be Cleared out of the Encampment.
Wilmington 3d Septr 1777
Field Officer of the Day to morrow from Genl Small-
The whole Division to be paraded in the front of the en-
campment at 4 o'clock precisely, the Officers commanding
Regts to See their Men Clean, their hair powder'd & green
boughs in their hats, the Whole to be Counted of in Divisions
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 157
Genl Smallwoods Brigade to Compleat the Genls guard,
Also to furnish i Sub. 2 Serjts 3 Corpls & 24 men, to parade
in the road on the left of the Division, at Retreat beating;
Genl Deborre Brigade to furnish a main guard till further
orders, Consisting of i Sub. 2 Serjts 3 Corpls & 24 men, the
guard house to be handy to the Division also to furnish for A
Picquet I Capt. 2 Subs 2 Serjts 3 Corpls & 40 Privates, to be
paraded in the Road on the left of the Division at Retreat
Every Commanding Officer of A Company is immedietly to
make out his muster Roll to the first of September; Col.
Hazens Regt will parade for muster to morrow evening at 5
OClock, Coll. Halls Regt will parade for muster at 6 OClock
4 Rolls are to be made for each muster, the other two Regts
Belonging to the Same Brigade to parade on friday morning
Precisely at 8 OClock for Muster.
After Orders 3d Septr 1777
The orders Respecting the parade of the Division are to be
Suspended, the Division to have two days provisions Cooked
their Arms in order, & Supplied with a proper Quantity of
Amunition and have every thing in Readiness to move at a
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial held at Wil-
mington this 4th day of Septr 1777 by order of Lt. Coll. Pope
of the Delaware Regt for the tryal of Such prisoners as may
be brought before them.
Capt. Anderson President
Lt. Rhodes ) ( Lt. Bratten
Lt. Wilds r™''"nLt. Brown
158 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Emanuel Triser Confin'd by Lt. Joseph Wilds for Stealing
Clothes from Johnson Fleetwood.
Emanuel Triser being brought before the Court pleads not
guilty that the Clothes he was Accus'd of Stealing from John-
son Fleetwood he got out of Fredreck Reeds knapsack, who
was taken prisoner on Staten Island, that Reed had Borrowed
A Shirt and pair of stockings of him,
Jas Cavender being brought before the Court & duely Sworn
Says that he Saw the Stockings in Fredrick Reeds knapsack.
And that he heard Serjt Perry Say that he Saw Triser take the
Stockings out of Reeds knapsack.
The Court having Considred the nature of the offence are
of opinion that the prisoner is not guilty of the Charge laid to
him, & that he be Released from his Confinement.
Wm Plowman Prisoner confin'd for being drunk on his post
& fireing two Shot declaring he would be the death of Some
person last night when on post, & letting no persons pass with-
The Court are of opinion that the Crime of Wm Plowman
doth not Lay before A Regimental Court Martial.
The Above proceedings Approv'd.
Lt. Coll. DR
Friday 5th Septr Struck tents & march'd about 3 miles And
encamp'd in A Stubble Field about one mile Northward of
Newport New Castle County.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 159
Head Qurtrs Wilmington 5th Septr 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Green
Field Officer Weeden
Field Officers Cols Matthews, Major Powell, Brigade
The Commissary Genl of Prisoners informs the Command-
ing Officers of Regts and other Corps that notwithstanding the
orders heretofore Issued for that purpose, he has Received but
one Small Return of Prisoners taken by the Enemy Since his
Appointment; in Consequence of Such neglect it will be Im-
possible for him, in case of an exchange to pay proper Atten-
tion to the orders of the different Captures as to time, he fur-
ther informs them for the future the prisoners will be ex-
changed according to the return hereafter made to him.
As Baggage Waggons at all times are A great incumberrence
to an Army, & would be perticularly so in the day of Battle,
they in the latter can be Driven off the Field, that the Army
may not be the least incumberred by them, it is besides A
measure which Common prudence dictates, & whenever an
Action is expected, the QrMastr Genl will immedietly wait on
the Commander in Cheif to Receive his orders Respecting them.
From every Information of the Enemys Designs and from
their Movements it is manifest their Aim is if possible to pos-
sess them Selves of Philadelphia this is their Capital object, its
what they Strove to effect; but were happily disappointed, they
made A Second Attempt at the opening of this Campaign, but
after vast preparation & expences for the purpose they aban-
don'd, their Design and totally evacuated the Jerseys, they are
now making their last efforts; to come up the Delaware, it
Seems was their first Intention but from the measure taken to
i6o THE ORDER BOOK OF
annoy them in the River they Judged this enterprise that way
too hazardous ; at length they have landed on the Eastern Shore
of Maryland and advanc'd Some little vuay into the Country
but the Genl trusts they M^ill be again Disappointed in their
views Should they put their Designs against Philadelphia or
this State their all is at Stake, they will put the Contest to the
event of A Single Battle, if they are overthrown they are
utterly undone, the war ended, now then is the time for our
most Strenious exertion, one bold Stroke will free the Land
from Rapine, Devestatlon, & Burning; Famale Inocence from
brutal Lust & Violence in every other Quarter the American
Arms have of Late been Rapidly Successfull, great many of the
Enemy have fallen in Battle, & Still greater numbers have been
made prisoners; the Militia to the Northward have fought with
A Resolution that would have done honour to old Soldiers, they
have Bravely fought & Conquer'd & glory attend them & who
can forbear to emulate their noble Spirits, who is without Am-
bition to Share with them the applause of their Countrymen
and of all posterity. As the Defenders of their Liberty, & the
procurers of peace and happiness, to millions in the present &
future Generation, two years we have maintain'd the war &
Strugled with difficulties Innumerable, but the prospect has
brightned and our affairs put on A better face, now is the time
to Reap the fruits of all our toil and Dangers if we behave like
men this third Campaign will be our last, ours is the main
army to us our Country looks for protection, the eyes of all
america & all Urope, are turned upon us, as on those by whome
the event of War is to be Determined and the Genl assures his
Country men and fellow Soldiers that he believes the Critical
& important moments is at hand, which demand their most
Spirited exertion to the Field, Glory waits to Crown the brave
& peace freedom & happiness will be the Rewards of Victory,
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD i6i
animated by Motives like those Soldiers fighting in the Cause
of Innocense humanity & Justice will never give vi^ay, but with
undaunted Resolution press on to Conquest, & these the Genl
assures himself is the part American forces now in Arms will
act & those he will assure Success.
Genl Ewings Brigade of Militia will releive the men of
Genl Nashes Brigade now on the Little guard on the East Side
of Brandewine as soon as possible and Dailey furnish it.
Camp near Newport Sepr 6th 1777.
The Commanding officers of Companies are Requested to
have their men Clean & hair powder'd to morrow at 2 OClock
with their Arms & Accoutrements in good order, fit to bear
Inspection by the Commander in Chief, any person appearing
Contrairy to this order it will be looked on to be the officers
Neglect for which they will have to Acct, any Soldier absent
from the parade at the above mentioned time. Shall assuredly
Suffer A.greeable to the Articles of War, unless A Reasonable
excuse be given for the Same. „ _
Lt. Coll. D R
Head Quarters Wilmington Sepr 6th 1777
C. Sign Firmness & Conquest
Major Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling.
Brigadier Scott, Field Officers Col. Parker, Major Tory
Brigade Major for the day.
i62 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Genl has no doubt but that every man who has A due
Sense of the Importance of the Cause he has taken to defend
And who has any Regard to his own honour & the Reputation
of A Soldier, will if Called to Action will behave like one
Contending for every thing valuable, but if contrary to his
expectation there Shall be found any officer or Soldier so far
lost to all Shame as basely to quit their posts without orders, or
Shall Skulk from danger or offer to Retreat before order is
given for so doing from proper authority of a Superior Officer,
they are to be instantly Shot down, as a Just punishment to
themselves & for an example to others, this order those in the
Rear, & the Corps of Reserve are to See duely executed, to
prevent the Cowardly making a Sacrifice of the brave, & by
their ill example and ground less tales circulating to Cover
their own Shamefull conduct, Spreading terror as they go ; that
this order may be well known & strongly Impressed upon the
Army; the Genl positively orders the Commanding officers of
every Regt to assemble his men & have it Read to them; to
prevent the plea of Ignorance.
The Genl begs the favour of the Officers to be attentive to
all Strange faces & Suspicious persons, which may be des-
cover'd in Camp & if upon examination of them no good Acct
can be given why they are there to carry them to the Majr
Genl of the day for further examination, this as it is only A
necessary precaution is to be done in a manner least offensive
The Genl Officers are to meet at 5 OClock this afternoon at
the Brick house by Whiteclay Creek & fix upon proper Pic-
quets for the Security of the Camp John Lawrence and Pres-
ley Thompson Esqrs are appointed extra Aid de Camp to the
Commander in Chief all orders therefore through them in
Writing or otherwise are to be Regarded in the Same light as
if proceeding from any other of his Aids de Camp; Notwith-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 163
standing the orders relative to house, they are Still of great
Nuisances to ye Army the QrMrs of Divisions are therefore to
See that they are fixed at Proper distances from Camp, & that
all the ofal be well buried once a day.
The Commander in Cheif will look to these QrMrs for the
Execution of this order & no excuse can be admitted for neglect
of So necessary A duty.
Information has been given that many of the Waggons
horses are Suffered to go loose in the field, the Commander in
Cheif Strictly orders, that every night all the Waggon horses
be put to the Waggons & there kept, & if it be necessary at
any time for them to go to grass, that it be only in the day
time, & then the Waggoneers must Stay with them. Con-
stantly, that they may be Ready to tackle at the Shortest no-
tice, the Waggon masters are Required to See this order Care-
fully Executed, The Enemy have Disencumberred themselves
of all their Baggage that their movements may be Quick &
easey; it behoves us to be alike ready for marching at a mo-
ments warning & for that Reason it is absolutely necessary, &
the Commander in Cheif positively requires that both officers
& men remain constantly at their Quarters. Tattoo is no
longer to be beat in Camp. ^ _
Sepr 6th 1777
That the Waggon horses be fixt to the Waggons at retreat
beating every night & keep them so till 9 the next morning &
even then they are by no means to be Separated from the
i64 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Waggons, so as to take 5 Minutes to get them fixed, the Com-
manding Officers of Regts & Corps to See those orders Com-
plied with, the Commissary of the Division to provide himself
immedietly with Sufficient Waggons to move his Stores & is to
be Ready to move at A moments warning, his Remaining be-
hind the Division Shall Subject him to A Tryal by A Court
Martial for breach of orders, the Artillery horses to be fixed to
the pieces one hour before day each morning ; A Subl. & 20 men
to mount guard every night at the Bridge from 6 in the evening
to 9 in the morning to examine all Strangers that are passing,
& to apprehend Such as do not give Satisfactory Account of
themselves; all offenders not tryable by A Regimental Court
martial to be Sent to the provost guard. The picquet guard to
be Releived tomorrow morning in the Same manner it was this
morning, the Prisoners in the Main guard are order'd to the
QrGuards of their Respective Regts And to be tried by A
Regimental Court Martial, the main Guard is desolved, Wal-
ter Cox Esqr. is appointed Acting Brigade Major in Genl
Smallwoods Brigade in the absence of Genl Smallwocd & is to
be respected & obeyed as Such.
6th Sepr 1777
The Commanding officers of Regts will be pleas'd to order
Weekly Returns to be made out & deliver'd to Majr Cox im-
medietly that proper details may be made
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKV/OOD 165
Head Quarters Newport 7th Sepr 1777
Parole Cambridge C: Sign Dartmouth Granby
Major General for tomorrow Stephens
Brigadier Weeden, Field Officers Col. Marshal
Major Ballard, The Genl has Received A Confirmation of
the Intilligence mentioned in the after orders of last night, that
the Enemy has Disencumber'd themselves of all their Baggage
even tents Reserving only their Blankets, & Such part of their
Clothing as is Absolutely Necessary, this Indicates A Speedy
and Rapid movement, & points out the necessaty of following
the example & Ridding ourselves for A few days of all things
we possible can dispence with as A verry Imperfect obedience
has been paid to former orders on this Subject, now once more
Strictly enjoins that all baggage which can be Spared Both
officers & men, be immedietly pack'd up & sent off this day to
the otherside Brandewine, this order having been heretofore
eluded by A too Indulgent Contraction of the Genl terms on
which it has been Couch'd, the Genl is oblidg'd to be more ex-
plicit & to Declare that is his Intention the Officers Should
only Retain their Blankets & Great Coats & only three or four
Shifts of under Cloaths, & that all the men Should besides
what they have on keep only a Blanket, one Shirt a piece &
Such as have great Coats, all trunks Chests & boxes either
bedding or Cloaths then these mentioned, to be Sent away till
the elapsing of a few days Shall determine whether the Enemy
means to make an immediate attack or not, its hop'd that none
will have So little Sense of propriety as to deem the measure
So obvious for the good of the Army & the Service (Hard-
ships) it would be wholly in the extream to hazzard the loss
of our baggage for the Sake of a little present Convenience as
i66 THE ORDER BOOK OF
loss at this time would be irrepareable this disadvantage at this
time to have them to take Care of at the moment of an attack
when we Should be preparing for defence, its evident that the
attention of both officers & men will then be wholly engrossed
for its Safety, & the enemy will have time to be upon us be-
fore we are Ready to receive them the Consequence of this
will be bustle & confusion & perhaps Defeat & disgrace, the
loss of our baggage & not Improbable the ruin of the army, the
Commander in Cheif in A perticular manner looks to the Genl
Officers for the execution of these orders in their Respective
Divisions & Brigades.
The whole Army is to Draw two days provisions exclusive
of today, have it Cook'd & deposited with the Regimental Qr-
Master, Provided Salt provisions can be got, otherwise one
days fresh Provisions to be Cooked deposited as aforesaid &
two days hard Bread if to be had.
All the Horses except Capt. Lewes's Troop take post on the
Right of the army, tents of the whole army are to be Struck &
pack'd upon the Waggons to morrow morning an hour before
day and the horses tackled, all the Corps of Horses are to be
Saddled at the Same time & the Whole Army Drawn up in
their Respective lines, the QrM. Genl is to Spare no pains Im-
medietly to provide Waggons to Carry the mens Knapsacks,
that they may be perfectly light & free for Action.
No more Sick to be Sent to Concord but to Bermingham.
Sepr 7 & 8th 1777
The Officers for tomorrow from Gen. Smallwoods Brigade
(8th) The tents of the Division to be pitch'd at ii OClock,
100 men with 2 Capts & 4 Subalterns to be paraded near Genl
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 167
Washingtons Quarters at 10 OClock this forenoon the Com-
mand to be taken by A Lt. Coll. from Genl Deborres Brigade,
they are to have with them provision & Blankets & are to
ground their Arms at the place of parade & remain there untill
the Field officer Repairs there.
M • A r^ A Sepr 8th 1777
Commanding Officers in Regts in Genl Smallwoods Brigade
to order two days provisions to be immedietly drawn &
Cook'd, the Soldiers Arms to be put in the best order, Catridge
Boxes filled with Catridges, & hold themselves in Readiness to
march at a moments Warning, the Commissary of ye Brigade
is ordered to furnish A Sufficient Quantity of Provision other-
wise his neglect will be enquired into.
It is mieant to have two days cook'd on hand.
Monday Sepr 8th 1777 (Near Newport)
Struck tents & went to work in the lines, lay there till 3
OClock Tuesday morning the 9th then March'd about 10 miles
to Chadds ford & forded over & there encamped, Wednesday
ye 10 march'd to gordons ford being about 4 miles there lay all
night, Thursday the eleventh about 2 OClock P. M. march'd
About 13/2 miles to the field of Action near Jeffries at Brande-
wine our Regt was Sent as A flanking party on the Enemys
left wing, during the engagement we were Several times ex-
posed to the fire of the enemys Cannon & Small arms.
About Sun set retreated to Chester being 15 miles.
Friday 1 2th march'd through Derby to Schuylkill being 12
miles and encamp'd near the Bridge on this the River Phlada
1 68 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters Sepr 12th 1777
The Commanding Officer of each Brigade is immedietly to
Send off as many Officers as he Shall think necessary on the
Roads leading to the place of Action Yesterday & on any other
Roads where the Straglers may be found & perticularly to
Wilmington to pick up all Straglers from the Army and bring
them on; in doing this they Should proceed as far towards the
Enemy as Shall be convenient to their own Safety, and examine
every house, in the main time the troops are to march on in
good order through Darby, to the Bridge towards Schuylkill &
Germain town & there pitch their tents, Genl Greens Division
will move last & cover the Baggage Stores. A Gil of Rum or
whiskey is to be Served out to each man who has not already
Genl Smallwoods light troops will remain at Chester to Col-
lect all the Straglers as they come and tomorrow morning fol-
low the Army, the Directors of the Hospitals will see that all
Sick and wounded are Sent to Trentown in doing this Genl
Maxwell will give them all necessary assistance, the Genl ex-
pects each Regt or Officers commanding Brigades will imme-
dietly make the most exact Returns of their killed wounded &
The Officers are without loss of time to See that they are
Compleated with amunition, that their arms are in the best
order, the inside of them washed clean & well dried, the touch
holes pick'd & a good flint in each gun, the Strictest Attention
is expected will be paid to this order as the officers must be
Sensible that their own honour, the Safety of the Soldiers &
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 169
Success of the Cause depends absolutely upon a carefull execu-
tion of it, the Commanding officers of each Regt is to endeavour
to procure Such necessaries as are wanting for his men.
An exact Return of ye State of each Regt to be made imme-
Major Genl for tomorrow Stevens, Brigadier Conway.
Field officers Coll, Lewes, Major Ball.
Saturday ye 13th Sepr 1777
Struck tents and march'd through Germaintown & encamped
about one mile on the N. W. Side of Germainton in an or-
chard being about 8 miles. Philada County.
Pensylvania State Head Qrtrs Germainton Sepr 13th
Parole Concord — C: Sign Carlisle (Danburry)
The General with perticular Satisfaction thanks those Gal-
lant Officers & Soldiers who on the nth Inst bravely fought
in their Countries Cause; if there are any whose Conduct Re-
flects Dishonour upon Soldiership and their names are not
pointed out to him, he must for the present leave them to Re-
flect how much they have injured their Country, how unfaith-
fully they have proved to their fellow Soldiers but with this
exortation they embrace the first opportunity which may offer
to do Justice to both, & to the profession of a Soldier.
Although the event of that day from some unfortunate cir-
cumstances was not so favourable as Could be wished, the Genl
has the Satisfaction to inform the Troops, that from every
I70 THE ORDER BOOK OF
account that has been obtain'd the Enemies loss far exceeds, and
has full Confidence that in another appeal to heaven, with the
blessing of Providence, which it becomes every officer & Soldier
humbly to Supplicate, we Shall prove Successfull, The Hon-
ourable Congress in Consideration of the gallant behaviour of
the Troops on Thursday last, their fatague Since & from a full
conviction that on every future occation they will manifest a
bravery worthy of the Cause they have undertaking to defend ;
have been pleased to order thirty Hogsheads of Rum to be
destributed among them, in Such manner as the Commander in
Cheif Should Direct, he orders the Commissary Genl of Issues
to deliver to each officer & Soldier i Gill pr day while it lasts.
The Commanding Officers of each Brigade without delay is
to Send a number of Active Officers into the City & its en-
virons to pick up & bring to Camp all Stragling Soldiers whome
they may find, as well those belonging to other Brigades as
their own, likewise a Serjeant from each Brigade, to the Bridge
over Schuylkill to direct the Soldiers as they Cross where to
find their Brigades, at Roll Calling this afternoon the men are
to be Charged not to be out of Drum call of their respective
Parades, under pain of death, nor officers, as they value the
Service & dread Cashiering.
The QRM. Genl is to have the Waggons of each Brigade
Immedietly Arranged So as to move them in their proper time,
at a moments warning, the order of the Encampment at this
place need not be attended too, as our Stay here will be Short,
each Division is to encamp in as Compact order as possible to-
night, all the Continental Troops are to be Suppli'd immedietly
with forty Catridges, & the officers will see that the Soldiers
carry their Spare Amunition in Such a manner as to avoid
Injury & Loss; The Clothier General is ordered to Send Spare
Shoes Shirts &c. to Camp, to furnish such men as are destitute.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 171
the Commanding officers therefore of Corps are to delay no
time in Supplying the Absolute want of their men.
The Genl does most ardently exhort every officer to attend
to the due & Speedy execution of these orders without A mo-
ments loss of time.
After Orders Sepr 13th 1777
The following proportion of tents is Allowed the Army upon
its next march Viz. i Soldiers tent for the Field officers i
Do. for 4 other Commissioned officers i Do. for 8 Serjeants,
Drummers or fifers I Do. for every 8 Privates.
The Brigadiers to have Returns made out And the above
proportion of tents taken for their Brigades & one Waggon for
every 50 tents & no more, no weomen on any pretence what-
soever to go with the army but to follow the Baggage, the Sol-
diers to carry their Camp kettles, which if the army Should
Come to Action are to be put in the waggons with the tents,
the invalids under A good Subaltern are to guard the tents of
each Brigade. The Division Commissaries are directed to have
A good Supply of Provisions for troops, and the QRM. Genl
must without fail furnish the necessary Waggon for that pur-
pose a Gill of Rum or other Spirits to be dealt out to every
officer & Private untill further orders, the Commissaries are to
make provision Accordingly.
The Army are to be Ready to march presisely at 9 OClock
tomorrow morning, the Genl Officers commanding Divisions
will Receive the orders of march from the QRM. Genl who
will also Direct the Rout of the Baggage.
172 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters Germainton Sepr 14th 1777
General order for the line of March.
The troops are to march to Sweeds ford in the following
order by Sub Divisions from the Right.
1st Two thirds of the Light Dragoons from which their
Commanding Officer will Detach Small parties to Reconitre in
front and on the flanks to A Considerable distance, 800 yards
in the Rear.
2ndly A Captains Command from Genl Smallwoods Brigade.
Sdly One Regt from Smallwoods Brigade 200 yds in the
4thly The Residue of his Brigade 300 yds in the Rear of
5thly The main Body of the Army 500 yards in the rear of
And in the Following order Viz.
1st General SuUivans Division.
2d Lord Sterling.
3d General Waynes.
4th The park of Artilery.
5th Genl Nash's Brigade.
6th Genl Stevens Division.
7th Genl Greens Division.
6thly The Waggons with tents, Hospital & Commissaries
Stores, 7thly Rear guard of two Regts of Genl Weedens Brig-
ade 8thly A Captains Command from these two Regts 200
yds in the rear gthly The Remaining 3d of the Dragoons 500
yds in ye rear of the foot, lOthly A Subalterns command from
the Dragoons 500 yds in their Rear, the guards in front, and
near each Brigade to send out Small flanking parties in their
left, the rear guards of foot & Dragoons to pick up all Strag-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD in
Sunday 14th September Struck tents & March'd from Ger-
mainton & Forded Schuylkill at Davis's ford, then march'd
to the Sign of the Brick on the Lancaster Road Chester County
& lay in the woods being about 1 1 miles.
Head Quarters 14th September 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow .... Sterling.
Officers for the Day Coll. Hendricks, Major Brawster,
Major Fleury, Officers for Picquet Coll. Ogdon, and Major
Flower The whole Line while it keeps unseperated is to fur-
nish 600 men properly Officer'd for guard, each Brigade to
give in proportion to their Strength, these men are to be under
the immediate direction of the Major General & the Officers
of the day who with the Assistance of the QRM Genl agree-
able to the orders of the lOth Inst, are to See that their out
guards are posted in Such A manner as most effectually to
Secure the Camp, if the Differrent Avenues Should not Require
the Above number, the overplus is to remain as A Picquett
near the park of Artilery, & to be always Ready to reinforce
every Guard, or answer every other purpose that the Major
General or other officer of the Day Shall think Necessary
these guards in Common are to parade at 8 OClock in the
morning near the Artillery Park, but when ever the troops
are to march, they are to Assemble there at least half an hour
before the time appointed for the March of the Army, & from
thence the Major General or other officer of the day, will
order so many as he or they Shall Judge necessary to move on
with the QRMaster to the place of Destination, & after the
174 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Guards Sc all the Avenues to the new encampment are well
Reconitred the guards are to be posted; Such troops as have
not been Supplied with their Compliment of Catridges agree-
able to the orders of the 13th Inst, are to be furnished imme-
dietly the Troops are also to get provisions cook'd for tomor-
row at least; the Clothier Genl is attending with Shoes &c.
The officers commanding Regts are to delay no time in get-
ting their men Supplied in future when ever the men are
found for Action the Serjeants are to be plac'd in the ranks on
the flanks of the Sub Divisions, that the Benefit of their fire
may not be lost, the Brigadiers & officers Commanding Regts
are also to put some good Officer in the Rear to keep the men
in order, & if in time of Action any man who is not wounded
whether he has arms or not turns his back upon the Enemy or
attempts to run away, or to Retreat before orders are given
for it, those officers are to put him instantly to death, the man
does not deserve to live who basely flies, breaks his Sollemn
engagement & betrays his Country. Such men Belonging to
Genl Maxwells light Corps as have Returned to their Regts
are again to Join Genl Maxwell without Delay And the Offi-
cers Commanding Regts are to make dilligent Search for those
men, & See that they are Sent to Join that Corps Immedietly.
Monday 15th September march'd about 14 miles on the
Same Road pitch'd our tents in the woods at night, Chester
Head Qrtrs 15th Sepr 1777
The Commanding Officers of each Regt is immedietly to
make an exact inspection into their mens amunition, & See
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 175
that it is Compleated to 40 Rounds A man, provision to be
Drawn & Cook'd for today & to morrow the Commander in
Chief expects a punctual & Instant comply with these orders.
Tuesday i6th Sepr. Struck Tents Cross'd the main Road
and paraded in line of Battle in A Buckwheat Field expecting
the enemy in order to give them battle, began to rain verry
hard & Continued all day and night, filed ofE to the left &
march'd 1 1 Miles to the Yellow Springs there Stay'd all night
on the Brow of a hill without tents (Chester County) Wed-
nsday 17th march'd and Cross'd French Creek Bridge being 6
miles went 3 miles further there Stayed all night being 9 miles
(no tents) Thursday i8th march'd About 3 OClock in the
morning, to Reading Furnace being 12 miles & there encamp'd
on the brow of an hill, Friday igth returned back to our last
encampment being 12 miles, filed off to the left and forded
Schuylkill & march'd towards ye Sweeds ford 7 miles and
halted in the woods at 10 OClock at night march'd through
the trap to Richardsons ford being 10 miles (in all 29 miles)
Head Quarters Richardsons ford 20th Sepr 1777
Field officer of the day from Coll. Hazens Brigade for
to morrow from Coll. Stones do.
The Conductors of military Stores for the Division to See
that there is A Sufficient Supply of Suitable Ammunition got
immedietly the Commissaries is to deliver out for to day A
double allowance of Fatague Rum;
176 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Commanders of Brigades to See that their amunition
is in good order & to have it carefully examined, also to Send
their Respective QRMasters out for provisions, Sufficient to
Supply the present necessaty of the Division, they giving Re-
ceipts for what they Receive for that purpose, unless the Com-
missaries Should Supply the Same; An orderly Serjt from
each Brigade to be sent immedietly to the Genls Qrtrs; Coll.
Stones Brigade to furnish the Generals guard as soon as pos-
Head Quarters Richardsons ford 21st Sepr 1777
The General is much Surprised that through the Ignorance
of Some of our Officers, a British flag has Cross'd the River
and come into our encampment vi^ithout being Stop'd, the Gen-
eral expressly orders that in future no flag from the British
army, be permitted to Cross the Schuylkill on any pretence,
and all officers vi^ho may hereafter permit it, Shall be punished
for breach of orders;
The Commanding officers of Companies are to order the
amunition of their men to be inspected into at every time the
Roll is Call'd & call their men to an Acct for Such ammuni-
tion as may be wanting, the Reason of the foregoing order will
readily appear when it is known that men have made A prac-
tice of Destroying their powder & throw their balls about the
Street, such conduct being of the most alarming nature will
enduce every officer to watch the conduct of his Soldiers re-
specting so important A point, The Brigade Major of Coll.
Stones is immedietly to repair to the Long ford with A Sub-
altern from Coll. Stones Brigade and relieve the one Station'd
there, & put him in arrest for permitting A Brittish flag to
pass the ford into our encampment without being examin'd or
Stopp'd at the post committed to his Charge.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 177
Sunday 21st Sepr march'd about 3 in the afternoon down
to the bank of the Schuylkill being about 2 miles lay under
arms all night, Monday 22nd march'd 2 hours before day
about 10 miles on the Reading Road Stopp'd in the woods to
Refresh about 2 P. M. march'd 5 miles further and encamped
in A place Called Faulkners Swamp; (in all 15 miles) Philada
New Hannover Hd Qrs Sepr 23rd 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Sterling
Field OfKcer Coll. Duncomb, Lt. Coll. Ennis, Brigade
Major Fleury; Major Stubblefield.
The Genl expects Returns of the Army to morrow morning
without fail, enjoins it upon the Commanding Officers of
Corps to see that they are exactly made, each Regt is to pro-
ceed to make Cattridges for its own use that they may be held
in Store, Genl Knox will furnish them with materials. It is
expected as the weather is cool, that the troops will never have
less than two days provisions by them the necessaty of this
the Genl does in the Strongest manner impress upon the offi-
cers in hopes they will exert themselves in Seeing it executed,
as the Soldiers or the Service must greatly Suffer unless this
is attended to; The Genl is informed the Tin Cannisters
which were Serv'd out for the purpose of Carr3'ing amunition
are in Some instances employ'd to other uses he therefore posi-
tively forbids Such practices;
Jas Loyd is Appointed Volunteer A. D. C. to General Green
& is to be obey'd & respected as Such, the Sick in Camp are
to be Sent immedietly to the Artillery Park, or house, or Barn
nearest thereto, that the Surjeons may Send them in Waggons
178 THE ORDER BOOK OF
to Reading, A Carefull Subaltern from each Division is to
go with them, If so many are not necessary the Surjeon Gen-
eral will dismiss Some of them, each man is to take one days
provision with him.
Wednsday 22th Sepr. Struck tents & march'd about ^ a
mile, then return'd & pitch'd tents in the Same encampment,
(i mile this day).
September 23rd 1777
Field Officer of the day to morrow from Coll. Stones
Major of the Day tomorrow Cox.
A Picquett Consisting of one Field officer, four Captains,
Eight Subalterns, with A proportion of non Commissioned
officers and 200 Privates to be paraded at the park of Artil-
lery every morning precisely at 8 OClock, the detail to be in
proportion to each Brigade excepting the Detail of tomorrow
which is to be equal — one Field Officer, 2 Capts 4 Subtns with
Serjts & Corpls in proportion & 100 Privates from Coll. Ha-
The Brigade Major for of the day for ye Division to See
that the Pickett is on the Division Parade, by 7 OClock in the
morning in order that he march them to the park of Artillery
Agreeable to the time appointed.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 179
Head Qrs near Bligrove 24th Sepr 1777
Major Genl for to morrow Stephens.
Brigadier Scott, Field Officers Col. Farmer, Lt. Col.
Ford, Brigade Major Williams, Field officer for
Picquett Major Bell.
Sepr 24th 1777
Field Officer of the Day tomorrow from Col. Hazens
Field officer for the Reserve Picquett from Col. Stones
Major of the Day tomorrow Flury;
A Court of Inquiry to Sit tomorrow morning at 9 OClock
to inquire into the Conduct of Lt. Coats of Col. Prices Regt
at the Battle of Brandewine, Col. Gunby President of Said
Court, 3 Capts & 3 Subs from each Brigade, to Sit as mem-
Head Qrs Sepr 25th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Sullivan.
Field Officers Col. Grayson, Lt. Col. Deffart.
Brigade Major Cox, for Pickett Lt. Col. Barber. A Gen-
eral Court Martial to Sit immedietly at the house where Genl
Conway Quarters for the tryal of all prisoners, which Shall
be brought Before them ; Col. James Wood is appointed Pres-
ident of this Court one Carefull Subt from each Regt is to be
Sent off to Bethlehim with Col. Biddle immedietly, to inspect
i8o THE ORDER BOOK OF
the Baggage of the army, to See if it Suffers from Dampness,
& if it does, to have it properly dried and put it up again, &
then to See that it be well Secured, & guarded against Plun-
derers, these Officers are to Assemble at 3 OClock in the after-
noon at the QRM. Genls Qrs the next house beyond Head
Qrs. Hence forward all Brigade Returns are to be made
directly to the Adjt Genl; Ordinary Weekly Returns of each
Brigade to be made every Monday at orderly time. Parole
Bunker hill. , _
C Sign ] ^^ . .
!-»••• r\ J Sepr 25th 1777
Division Orders ' '
Field officer of the day tomorrow from Col. Stones Brigade
the Pickett in future to consist of 1 1 1 men 2 Capts & 4 Subs
Col. Hazens to furnish for his part i Capt. 2 Subs Serjts &
Corpls in proportion & 61 men. Col. Stone for his part i Capt.
2 Subs with a proportion of Serjeants & Corporals & 50 men.
The Brigade Majors to march their own men on the Grand
parade every morning.
Head Qrtrs Postgrove Sepr 26th 1777
Genl Orders . „
Parole Princeton C Sign ] ^ . '
Major General for tomorrow Green.
N Field Officer Col. Martin of the North Carolina
Lt. Col. Pope of the Delaware Regt.
Brigade Major Scott.
Field officer of the Pickett the Lt. Col. of the 6th Pensylva-
nia Regt the troops are to be Ready to march at 9 OClock
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD i8i
this morning with all Baggage Pack'd & paraded, to march off
by the Aft. all the tent Waggons to go next in the Rear of the
troops, in the order in which the troops march & then the rest
of the Waggons the leading Division (Greens) to beat a
march, & march to be followed by the other troops in their
The Commander in Chief approves of the Following Sen-
tences of A Genl Court martial held the 25th Inst whereof
Col. James Wood was President, Jno. Famdon of Col. Hart-
leys Regt Charg'd with Desertion to the enemy & Inlisting
with them, the Court are of opinion that the prisoner is not
guilty of inlisting with the enemy, the Court upwards of two
thirds Agreeing, do Sentence the prisoner for the Charge of
Desertion to Suffer death. James Dilworth of Col. Moylands
Regt light Dragoons Charg'd with Deserting & attempting to
go to the enemy Acquitted, & is to be Sent forwith to Join
his Regt Daniel Applegate of the ist New Jersey Regt Charg'd
with desertion & attempting to go to the enemy Acquitted & is
forthwith to Join his Regt.
The bad & wicked practices of Plundering the Inhabitants
being Still Continued notwithstanding all former orders, some
cases in the most attrocious manner, the Commander in Chief
requires the Genl orders of the 4th Inst relative thereto, be
Solemnly read without delay by the Commanding officer of
each Regt to his men the punishment denounc'd in those orders
will be instantly inflicted on the offenders — The Genl being
informed that many Regts have but one orderly book, he in
Some measures ceases to Wonder that orders are so little
known and so frequently disobeyed untill each Company can
be furnished with one, the Officers commanding Regts are to
See that their officers & men are clearly informed of every
order which concerns them respectively, by Reading or causing
1 82 THE ORDER BOOK OF
the same to be Read to them, Should this be in future a
grounded plea of Ignorance of orders, the Commanding offi-
cers of Regts will Consider themselves as answerable there-
Friday 26th Sepr. Struck tents and forded parkaoming
Creek & encamp'd on the brow of a hill near S'd Creek being
7 miles Philada County.
Head Qurtrs 27th Sepr 1777
The Genl Court Martial of which Coll. Wood is president
is to Sit immedietly at the house next above Head Qrs as the
troops will Rest to Day, Divine Service is to be perform'd in
all the Corps that have Chaplains; one orderly Serjt from
each Brigade is to attend forthwith at Head Qrs & the Brigade
Majors will see that done immedietly, every day when orders
have not been previously given for marching an orderly Serjt
from each Brigade likewise to attend Genl Court Martials
Such Regts who have not already made up their Catridges so
as to compleat 40 Rounds a man at least are to do it this day
without fail, the Commanding Officers of Regts are to See this
done, k all their Spare Amunition to be mark'd and put into
an Amunition Waggon, & to follow, for each Division, the
men are to carry only their Cartruch Boxes full & Cannisters.
Major Genl for tomorrow Stirling.
Brigadier Field Officers Col. Ogden & Major
Forrest of the 3rd Maryland Regt, Brigade Major
Barber, for Pickett Lyon.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 183
Head Qurtrs Pennysakers Sepr 28th 1777
Major Genl Sullivan, Brigadier Scott, Lt. Col. Nelson,
Majr Morris, Brigade Major Peears; —
The Commander in Chief has the happiness to Congratulate
the Army on the Success of the American Arms to the North-
ward, on the 19th Inst an engagement took place between Genl
Burgoins Army and the Left wing of ours under Genl Gates,
the Battle began at i OClock, & lasted till night our troops
fighting with the greatest Bravery not giving an Inch of
Ground, ours is about 80 killed & 200 Wounded, the Enemy
is Judged to be about 1000 killed wounded & taken prisoners;
both prisoners & Deserters declare that Genl Burgoine which
Commanded in person was wounded in the left Shoulder. The
62 Regt was Cut to pieces & that the enemy Sufifred ex-
treamly in every Quarter where they were engaged. Such was
the order of our troops that wounded men after being drest
renew'd the Action, the Commander in Cheif has further
occation to Congratulate the troops, on the Success of A De-
tachment from the North army under Col, Brown, who
attacked & Carried Several of the enemies posts, & had got
possession of the old French lines at Ticonderoga, Col. Brown
in those Several attacks has taken 293 of the enemy prisoners
with their arms. Retaken more than 100 of our men & taken
150 Batteaus below the falls, Including 17 boats & arm'd
Sloops Besides Cannon, Amunition &c.
To Celebrate this Success the Genl orders that at 4 OClock
this afternoon, all the troops to be paraded and Serv'd with
one Gill of Rum a man and that at the Same time there be
Discharged 13 pieces of Artillery from the park; All Spare
Amunition in those Divisions that have not Close Spare Wag-
gons to Secure it in, it is to be return'd to the park of Artil-
1 84 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Monday 29th Sepr. Struck tents at 10 OClock this morn-
ing & march'd 5 miles on the Skippack Road towards Philada
and encamp'd on the Right Side of the Road in the woods
within 20 yds of our Alarm post, Worcester Township Philada
Sepr 29th 1777
The Commanding Officers of Companies are desired partic-
ularly to examine the arms of their Respective Companies &
See they are in proper order, that an officer of each Comp'y
attend the Dividing of provisions for their men, that A Per-
ticular return be made out of the names of each man as is pres-
ent, & also those that are absent & upon what Duty by the
Commanding officers of Companies.
Head Quarters 29th Sepr 1777
Major General for tomorrow Green.
Field Officers Col. Cook, Lt. Col. Estcort, Brigade
Officer for Picqett the major of the 3d Maryland
John White Esqr is appointed a volunteer Aid De Camp
to Major Genl Sullivan, Lt. Col. Hendricks is appointed to
the Rank of Col. of the first Virginia Regt in the Room of
Col. Read Deceas'd, Major Jennings of the 13th Virginia
Regt to be Lt. Col. of the 6th in the Room of Lt. Col. Hen-
dricks, Promoted Captn Alexr Campbell of the 8th to be Major
of the 13th.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 185
The Brigadiers or Officers commanding Brigades, are to
parade their Respective Brigades at 8 OClock to morrow
morning & under their ov.n Eyes, have exact returns made of
the Officers & men present on the Ground, which return they
are immedietly afterguards to transmit to the Adjt Genl; Such
of their Officers as are absent, and not on duty or Sick they are
as Speedily as possible to order to Join their Corps, and if any
Such officers are taken by the Enemy they will not be ex-
3 Parties of 150 Men each are to parade at Sun rise at the
Park of Artillery with one Days Provision Cook'd, not to
have their Packs. Major Joyce Suris'd & Major Howell are
to Command these parties.
Head Qrs at Skippack 30th Sepr 1777
Major Genl for to morrow Lord Sterling.
Field Officers Lt. Col. Syms, Major Bloomfield, Brig-
ade Major Johnston.
Field officer for Picquett Lt. Col. Ervin.
A Flag will go to the Enemys lines to morrow morning, all
persons who have anything to Send in, are to have them Ready
at Head Qrs by 7 OClock in the morning; one Surjeons m.ate
from each Division who can best be Spared is to go to Bethle-
hem forthwith and to bring down to the army the Medecine
Chests of their Respective Divisions, 150 men from Genl Sul-
livans. Greens, Sterlings, & Stevens Divisions each Brigade is
to be Selected this day, and a like proportion from the other
Brigades, these men are always to Carry their Axes with them
& to march with the Picquett when the army moves, to prepare
i86 THE ORDER BOOK OF
timber & Repair the Roads; When Arrived at the New en-
campment, they are to cut fire wood for their Respective Brig-
ades, the Brigade QRMaster are Constantly to go with their
men & Direct them in the Buisness above mentioned, for these
Services they are to be excused from all guards & other ordi-
nary Duty; but when an Action is expected they are to Deliver
their Axes to their Brigade QRMaster who are to be Account-
able for the Axes of their Brigades, & Join their Several Corps,
A list of their names to be given without Delay to the Brigade
QRMaster by the Respective Brigade Majors.
Detail for Axmen
Smallwoods i i^
Deborres i 14
Head Qrts ist Octbr 1777
Major General for tomorrow Stephens.
Field Officer Col. Dayton, Majr Smith 5th M. Regt.
Do. for Picquett Major Copper; Brigade Major Wil-
The Commander in Cheif approves the following Sentences
of A General Court Martial held the 28th of Sepr whereof
Col. James Wood was President, Lt. Robt Gray of Col.
Hazens Regt Charg'd with repeated Disobedience of orders;
Adjutant Kincaid Acting Brigade Major to Genl Scott
Charg'd with not bringing his Picquett on the Grand parade
in proper time; Acquitted.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 187
Detail as order'd j^esterday; where A Field Officer is named
for Duty, when he is Sick or absent the Brigade Major to
which he belongs is to warn another in his Stead.
And Report his name to the Adjt. Genl when an A. D. C
are from Camp with their Major Genl the Brigade Major is
to be notified thereof and are Directed to attend at Head QRs
for orders at orderly time, the Brigade QRMasters are to apply
to the QRM. Genl for their Quoto of Axes for the purpose
mentioned in yesterdays orders, no more fences to be burnt on
any pretence, if unavoidable necessaty compels us to it, leave
must be first obtain'd from the Commander in Chief The Pay-
masters of Regts & Corps are to bring in their pay Rolls for
the month of August properly examined & Certified that War-
rents may be given for payment.
The whole Army are to Strike their tents tomorrow morn-
ing at 8 OClock and get Ready to march, at 9. The march to
begin; Genl Sullivans Division Leading, followed by lincolns,
McDougalls, & Greens, these four the first line, then the Park
of Artillery, then the 2nd line in this order — Sterlings, Nash's
Stephens, Genl Sullivans to beat A march as A Sign all for
marching, the beat to be Continued By the others Successfully,
the whole are to encamp on the new ground, in the Same order,
Genl Armstrong is at the Same time to move by the Shortest
Rout to the Right of the first line, and Genls Smallwood &
Forman to the left of it, on the ground, the QRMGenl will
appoint the Waggons to go in the rear of the Army, in the
order of the Brigades to which they Belong, all the Tent
Waggons first, Regimental QRMasters are to See that Vaults
be dug immedietly upon the Army's arrival on the new
Ground, and any Soldier found easing himself elsewhere is
1 88 THE ORDER BOOK OF
instantly to be made Prisoner & punished by A Regimental
Court martial. The Brigade QRMasters are without fail to
See all ofal Buried every morning & are to apply to their
Brigades for men for that purpose, Brigade or Regimental
QRMast. failing in the duty here required of them are forth-
with to be arrested.
Some person from each distinct body or brigade (of militia)
is to attend dailey at Head Quarters for orders at noon Each
Brigade QRMaster is to make an immediet Return of the
number of Brigade Waggons in his Brigade to the QRMGenl.
An Officer from each Brigade is to remain till the troops
have march'd & then to make Search for, & bring on all
October 2nd, Struck tents at 8 OClock this morning And
March'd at 9 about 3 miles on the Same Road And Encamp'd
in an old Field on the Right hand of Said Road, & 20 Miles
Head Qrs Octbr 3rd 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Green.
Field Officers, Col. David Hall, Lt. Col. Green, Brig-
ade Major Cox, for Picquett Major Morrill.
The Commander Cheif approves of the Following Sentences
of A Genl Court martial whereof Col. James Wood was
Nicholas Francis charg'd with Deserting from Col. Hazens
Regt & Reinlisting, found guilty & Sentenc'd to Receive lOO
Lashes, the above Court is Disolv'd. A Genl Court Martial is
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 189
to Sit immedietly at A tent near the Artillery Park, Col. Josia
Parker to Preside; Lewis Fleury is appointed Brigade Major
to Brigadier Count Poleskie of the Light Dragoons, Thomas
Mullen Esqr. is appointed to act as A Brigade Major to Genl
Conway till further orders, they are to be Respected as Such;
the Distribution of tin Cannisters to be made as particularly
Directed this morning, the Commanding Officers of Regts are
themselves to See that they are put into the hands of proper
men & fill'd with Catridges carefully Stowed in them. The
Engineers are to make Despach in throwing up Works in the
front of the encampment. The Genl has the Satisfaction to
inform the Army that the Continental Frigate the Randolph
fell in with a fleet of 5 of the enemys Ships & took 4 of them,
one mounting 20 Guns, & the others 8 all Richly Laded to the
Southward. At the Northward every thing wears the most
favourable Aspect, every enterprise has been successfull, & in A
Capital Action the left wing only of Genl Gates's army main-
tain'd its Ground against the main body of the enemy Com-
manded by Genl Burgoine in person, our troops behaving with
the utmost spirit & bravery during the whole engagement which
lasted from one OClock till dark, in Short every Circumstance
promises Success in that Quarter equal to our most Sanguine
wishes, this Surely must animate every man under the Genls im-
mediate Command; This army the main American Army, will
not suffer itself to be out done by their Nothern Brethern, they
will never Such Disgrace, but with ambition becoming freemen,
contending in A most Rightous Cause rival the Heroic Spirit
which Swell their Bosoms, & which so nobly exerted has pro-
cur'd them Deathless Renown. Covet my Countrymen and
fellow Soldiers Covet a Share of the glory due to Heroick
deeds, let it never be Said in the day of action you turn'd your
backs upon the foe, let the enemy no longer triumph, they brand
I90 THE ORDER BOOK OF
you with ignominious epithets, will you patiently enduer that
Reproach, will you Suffer the Wounds given your Country to
go unrevenged, will you Resign your Parents, Wives, Children,
& Friends, to be the wretched Vassals of A proud insulting Foe,
& your own necks to the Halter, Genl Howe promised protec-
tion to Such as Submitted to his power, & A few Dastard Souls
Accepted the Disgracefull boon, but his promises were Deceit-
full, the Submitting & Resisting had their property Alike plun-
der'd & destroy'd, but even these empty promises of Protection
have now come to an end, A term of mercy is expired, Genl
Howes has within A few days proclaimed all who had not then
Submitted to be beyond the reach of it, & left us no Choice but
Conquest or Death, nothing then Reamins but nobly to con-
tend for all that is dear to us, every motive that can touch the
Humane heart, Call us to the most Vigourous exertions, our
dearest Rights, our Dearest friends, our own lives. Honour,
Glory, & even Shame urge us to Fight, & my Soldiers when an
oppertunity presents itself be firm, behave, & Victory is Yours.
The Cols are to See every Regt Draw up this Afternoon &
these orders Distinctly Read to them. Every Officer who Com-
mands Troop or Company in the Several Corps must imme-
dietly make out his muster Rolls to the first of Octbr that the
whole army may be muster'd with the greatest expedition,
Such Officers as have heretofore neglected A due attention to
making Re^rula^- Returns, Will be answerable for future Neg-
Friday 30 Octbr march'd about 7 OClock in the evening
down to the Enemys Lines at Germain town being about 13
miles', attacked their Picquett Saturday morning between day
& Sun Rise, drove them in uppon which A Genl engagement
ensued on our Right Wing, We Caused their Left Wing to
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 191
Retreat 3 miles through their own Encampments, but upon
their Receiving A Strong Reinforcement & our Amunition be-
ing almost Spent, & not being Supported Sufficiently by the
Reserve, vi^ere oblig'd to Retreat and Return to our encamp-
ment being 13 miles, Sunday 5th Octbr march'd & Cross'd
Perkaoming Creek and encamp'd about a mile from Said Creek
being in all about 9 miles.
Head Qrs Skippack Octbr 5th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Stephens.
Col. Clark, Lt. Col. Conner, Brigade Majr Poors, for
Picket M Mullen.
The Officers Commanding Regts are to make Returns of the
number of Catridges wanting to compleat their men with
forty Rounds each, & draw Materials for making them from
the park of Artillery to morrow morning, one attentive Officer
from each Regt is to Superintended & be present at the making
of them & See that they are well made, & the materials not
Wasted, the Arms are to be put in good order. Such as are
Charged & Cannot be Drawn are to be Discharged at Noon;
tomorrow under the Directions of their Officers, each Regt is
to Draw 12 Rounds pr man Ready made at the park of artil-
lery besides the Above materials, Small parties of Horse are
tomorrow morning to be Sent up the Different Roads above
the present encampment of the Army, as far as ten miles in
order to Stop all Soldiers & turn them back to the Army, ex-
cept the two parties under the Command of Craig and Lee.
192 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Returns as Soon as possible to be made of the Killed
Wounded & missing, in the Action of yesterday, and Deliver'd
to the Commander in Chief at 4 OClock to morrow in the
Afternoon, the Brigade Majors will be punctual to this matter,
& where there is no Brigd. Majrs the Brigadiers or Officers
Commanding Brigades are to appoint persons to do their Duty ;
One Set of Collumns are to Shew the Killed, of the Dififerrent
Ranks, & Second the wounded, & third the missing.
The Commander in Chief returns his thanks to the Genls
And other Officers and men, concern'd yesterday in the attack
on .the Enemys left Wing, for the Spirit and Bravery they
manifested in Driving the enemy from Field to Field, & Al-
though an unfortunate fogg Join'd with the Smoke, prevented
the Differrent Brigades firing & Supporting each other, or Some-
times Distinguishing themselves from the Enemy, & from other
Causes which as yet cannot be accounted for well, they finally
Retreated, they Nevertheless See that the Enemy are not proof
against A Vigorous Attack, & may be put to flight when boldly
push'd this they will Remember & assure themselves that on
the next Occation by A proper exertion of the power which
God has given them, & inspired by the Cause of Freedom in
which we are engaged they will be Victorious.
The Commander in Chief not Seeing the engagement with
the Enemys Right Wing, Desires the Genl Officers who Com-
manded them to thank those Officers & men, who behav'd with
becoming Bravery, and Such in either wing who behav'd other-
wise are to be Reported. Details for Picquetts as last Settled
they are to parade at 11 OClock in the forenoon, and after-
wards at 8 OClock as Usual.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 193
Octbr 6th 1777
With the Highest of gratitude and esteem the General Re-
turns his Cordial thanks to the Officers & Soldiers of his
Division who wtrt engag'd against the British troops on the
4th Inst their gallant Beheaviour has endear'd to him every
Officer & Soldier who acted A part in that engagement, & has
given him the Highest Confidence in them, he Sincerely
Laments that the other part of the Army did not Seasonably
Advance to Support them w^hich prevented the Victory from
being Compleat, & was the means of many A brave mans fall-
ing during the Action, rendred it of So much longer Duration,
by this Defeat the Genl Congratulates the Officers and Soldiers
on the Experience they have gained, that British Troops must
give way to the American Valour, & that the Officers & others
of the Army must allow, that the Officers & Soldiers of the
first Division have a Claim to for the greatest Share of the
honour of Demonstrating this to the world.
The Genl Desires that the Greatest attention be paid to the
wounded Officers & Soldiers, and that were anything is wanting
for the Comfort of either he will exert himself to procure it for
them, he Desires the Surjeons to inform him from time to time
what necessaries they may Require, that they may be Season-
ably provided, Should any of the Officers unfortunately die of
their wounds, he desires to have instant notice of it that those
Military honours may be paid to them which their bravery
Justly merits; The Commanding Officers of Regts are desired
to point out Such Officers & non Commissioned Officers, and
Soldiers as perticularly Distinguished themselves in the late
Action that proper notice may be taken of them, they are also
to Report such as behav'd 111 if any Such there were.
THE ORDER BOOK OF
A Return of the kill'd wounded & missing of the Delaware
Regt in the Action of Germaintown Octbr 4th 1777.
N. B. Col. Hall Wounded, Capt. Holland do. Since dead,
Head Qrs Pertioming Octbr 7th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Green
Field Officers Col. Williams, Lt. Col. Buttler, Major
Brigade Major Piatt, Field Officer for Picquett Majr
The State Regt from Virginia is to Supply the place of the
9th Regt in Mulenburg's Brigade ; & do Duty there untill fur-
ther orders, Jno. Fanden of Col. Hartleys found Guilty of the
Charge of Desertion and Sentenc'd by death is to be executed
tomorrow at 12 OClock The Situation of the Army frequently
not admitting of the Regular performance of Divine Service on
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 195
Sundays, the Chaplains of the Army are forthwith to meet to-
gether & agree on Some Method of performing it at other
times, which method they will make known to the Commander
Divers Swords and other things have been Stolen from
Officers by Some Soldiers; Officers are Requested to take notice
of Such things if they See any in the possession of their men &
have them taken care of and Advertis'd, The Paymaster GenI
is at Genl Conways Qrs at Metivyleers Mils, where he will
attend the Buisness of his Department.
Wednesday 8th Octbr Struck tents and march'd on the
North Wales Road and encamp'd on a hill in Pownaoming
Township Philada County being 8 Miles.
Head Qrs Octbr 8th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Sterling
Field Officers Col. Dicky, Lt. Col. Lindsey, Brigade
Major Nichols, Field Officer for Picquett Polk.
The Brigade Majors are to morrow to make Returns of the
Arms & Accoutriments wanting to their Several Regts of their
Brigades in order to have them Compleated without Delay,
they are also to make Returns of the number of Tin Cannis-
ters they have in their Brigades.
The Battallion of Militia from Virginia Commanded by
Major Pickett is to be attach'd and do Duty with Genl Wood-
fords Brigade, the mens pouches are to be well greased at least
once A Week perticularly that part which covers the Cat-
196 THE ORDER BOOK OF
ridges, the better to preserve them from Rain, the Commanding
Officers of Corps to attend to this matter, they are also to
Select the most Suitable of their men & Set them to making
morkesons immedietly for their Corps, the Commissaries are to
order the Skins of the Heads & legs of Bullocks to be saved for
that use, So far as they will go, the Commissaries are to issue
Rawhides for this purpose on orders from Commanders of
John Findans of Col. Hartleys Regt Sentenc'd to Suffer
death for the Crime of Desertion to the Enemy, & was to have
been executed this day at I2 OClock, but is to be executed to-
morrow at the above mentioned time; A Detachment of 60 men
from each Brigade is to parade to See the execution.
Octbr 9th 1777
The Genl Cannot help expressing his Satisfaction on observ-
ing the regular & Soldierly desposition in which his division
march'd Yesterday, he was pleas'd to hear the Genl Officers
mention it Repeatedly in the Course of the day, this must
reflect great honour to the Commanding Officers of Corps &
Divisions, and upon the Soldiers and as his Division have Dis-
tinguished themselves by clear bravery he wishes in Discipline
& order to outshine the other Divisions of the Army, every-
thing that may Contribute on his part to bring about the de-
Shall be attended to: — The Genl orders that no Ruff of
A Drum or any Compliment or Salute be paid on a march to
any Officer whatsoever & that the Compliments of Resting
firelocks by the Pickett guard or Sentry from Picquetts be
never paid to any Officer, the Sentries are to Stand Shoulder'd
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 197
when Genl Officers or Field Officers of the Day pass by, &
face the way they expect the enemy without turning the head
or Looking towards the Visiting Officer, the Guard are to
turn out & Stand well Shoulder'd facing toward the enemy
the Soldiers not to turn their heads or to take any notice of
the Visiting Officer, this to be Observed as A Rule except;
when the Grand Rounds visit by night who are to be received
as Usual The Division Commissary immedietly to Supply
himself with rum & deal one gill Pr day to each man till fur-
ther orders. Richard Emeroy Esqr. is appointed to act as
Brigade Major to Col. Richardson, Col. Commandant till
Octbr 9th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Stephen.
Field Officers Col. Swift, Major Mentzies, Brigade
Field Officer for Picquett Major Force.
The Genl Court Martial whereof Col. Broadhead is Presi-
dent is to Sit tomorrow at 8 OClock the members to attend
precisely at that time, at A horsemans tent by the park of
Artillery. By Genl orders of Sepr 13th the destribution of
tents was directed i Soldiers tent for the Field Officers of
Regts I Do for every 4 Commissiond i Do for 8 non Com-
missioned officers, I Do for 8 Privates.
The Commanding Officers of Regts are instantly to examine
into the number of tents, and Cause all above the allowance,
to be Collected & given in to the Brigade QRMaster, in the
first place to Supply those Corps in their Brigades which are
198 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Short of that Allowance, & the Residue to be Deliver'd to the
QRM. Genl to Supply the Militia & Such Corps as are Des-
titute, the Commander in Chief expects the Genl Officers &
those Commanding Brigades will See this order carried in exe-
cution Immedietly; Brigadier Genl Nash will be interr'd this
forenoon at lo OClock with military honours, at the place
where the Roads forks, where the Troops march'd in yester-
day, all Officers whose Circumstances admit of it will attend
and pay their last Respects to A Brave man who died in De-
fence of his Country The execution of John Faindon is to
be postponed till tomorrow noon ; — The Genl Officers are
without Dailey to have the Rolls of Officers Call'd & Such as
are absent, and not Sick or wounded or on Command are to
be ordred preemtorily to Join their Corps & those that are
absent without leave are to be immedietly reported to the Com-
mander in Chief, they are also to Report the number of
Blankets, & Shoes, & other Necessaries to Compleat one Suit
for each man. True Field Returns are to be made of the
Troops under the immediet inspection of the Genl Officers,
for this Purpose the Several Corps are to be muster'd & the
Rolls Call'd if the weather permits, that the Returns may be
made tomorrow at noon, Sign'd by the Major Genls or Offi-
cers Commanding Divisions, the Brigadiers or Officers Com-
manding Brigades are Immedietly to report the number of
those Retain'd, missing after the Action of the 4 Inst who
have Join'd their Brigades Since the Returns of the Kill'd &c.
& those Returns will continue to be made dailey to the Com-
mander in Chief.
If Col. Crawford is in Camp he is desir'd to Call'd at Head
Quarters as soon as possible.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 199
Head Qrs Towaininsing Octbr loth 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Sullivan.
Field Officers Col. Marshall, Major Hay Brigade Majr
Field Officer for Picquett Majr Francis Murry.
The Chaplains of the Army are to meet together at the rear
of the park of Artillery at 12 OClock to morrow for the pur-
pose mentioned in the order of the 7th inst, the Paymaster
Genl will attend the Buisness of his Department at Genl
Weedens Qrs in Genl Greens Division at Mr. Tunnells
A Court of Inquiry to Consist of 4 members Majr Genl
Lord Sterling President to Sit to day at 12 OClock at the
Presidents Qrs and examine into the Conduct of Major Genl
Sullivan, in the expedition Commanded by him to Staten Island
in the month of August last, Major Taylor & others who can
give Information of the matter are to attend, but if the Court
See Cause to postpone the examination for want of evidence,
after Major Taylor has urg'd what he has to Say on that mat-
ter they are to do it accordingly; —
Genl MDougal, Genl Knox, Col. Spencer, Col. Clark Mem-
The Genl being informed that much provision is wasted, by
the Irregular manner in which it is Drawn, & Cook'd does in
earnest terms exhort the officers Commanding Corps to look
into & prevent Abuse of this kind ; and in verry express terms
also desires that their men have provisions by them ready on
any emergency & moreover that they will be perticularly atten-
tive to the execution of orders both the times & meaning.
200 THE ORDER BOOK OF
ardently wishing that the necessaty & Rigid compliance with
them may be deeply impressed on the minds of the officers who
ought to Consider how impracticable it is to carry many mili-
tary opperations without it, it is not for every officer to know
the principal on which every order is issued, and to Judge how
far they may or may not be dispenced with or Suspended, but
their duty to carry them into execution with the utmost punc-
tuality & exactness, they are to Consider that military move-
ments are like the working of a Clock, & will go equally Reg-
ular & easy if every officer does his duty, but without it, will
be as easily disordred, because neglect in any one part (like the
Stopping of A Wheel) disorders the whole frame, the Genl
expects therefore that every officer will duely Consider the
importance of this observation, their own Reputation & the
duty they owe their Country; Claims it of them, he earnestly
Calls upon them to Act; The Genl Directs that the arms
may be put in the best order without loss of time, Amunition
Compleat and everything in Readiness against a Sudden Call,
if Such Should be made, those wanting arms to be Supplied
immedietly be order from the Adjt Genl, an Account is to be
Rendred at the foot of the Return how the Difficiencies arrises
& promotions in Consequence of the Late Deaths will now
As A reward to the merit of Deserving Officers, the Provi-
sion in which they are to be made agreeable to Genl officers
of the Regts they belong to; Officers who are under any im-
putation are to be noted for it, as the Genl is determined to
Discriminate, Return the good & bad, this order is Confin'd
to Promotion, no new appointments will take place at this time
in the weak State of the Regts.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 201
Returns are to be brought in to morrow noon of the number
of Rounds of Catridges pr man with which each man is fur-
nished in the Different Brigades.
Octbr nth 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Green.
Field officers Col. Chambers, Lt. Col. Nelson, Do for pic-
quett Majr Sommers. The Court of inquiry of which Lord
Sterling is President now Sitting at the Presidents Qrs is to
inquire into the Charge against Brigadier Genl Wayne, that
he had himself notice of the enemies intention to attack the
troops under his Command on the night of the 20th Septr &
notwithstanding that Intilligence he neglected making dispo-
sition till it was too Late either to anoy the enemy or make a
Retreat without the utmost Confusion, the president will give
notice of the time when the Court can enter on that buisness,
when the parties & Evidences are to attend.
A Flag of truce will go to the enemies lines on Monday
next at 9 OClock in the morning, all persons who have Letters
& other things to Send in must have them in by that time.
Twice A Week the Officers of each Company are Carefully
to examine the Arms, Amunition & Accoutrements of the men,
to See that they are in perfect order, that nothing is wanting
in the first inspection, they are to take an exact acctt of every
article belonging to each man, if any is missing they are to
Report the Same to the Officer Commanding the Regt that
the matter may be inquired into if he Judges it proper by A
202 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Regimental Court martial, & the Delinquent punished if De-
serving it, & Charg'd with the Articles lost & deducted from
The Militia from Prince William, Culpepper, Louden, &
Bartley in the State of Virginia are to be form'd into a Bri-
gade, and be under the Command of Col. Crawford.
The QRMGenl & Commissary Genl are to appoint persons
themselves to do their duty of their Respective Departments,
all the Troops last come from Peckskills under the Command
of Genls MDougall, Vernon, & Huntington; Malcolms Regt
excepted are to be thrown into two Brigades as their Genl
Shall think best a Report of which is to be made to the Com-
mander in Cheif for his further orders. Col. Malcolms Regt
is to Join Genl Conways Brigade ; Twelve Light Horse with
an Officer are to mount Guard every day with the Picquett,
to be despos'd off at the Differrent Picquetts for the purpose
of conveying any intilligence in Such manner as the Majr Genl
of the day Shall direct. The Commanding Officers of all those
Companies which were Rais'd as A part of the i6 additional
Battalions and at differrent times annexed to other Regts to
make immediate Returns to the adjutant Genl of their Strength
and in what Regt they are now doing duty. — The Comman-
der in Chief has the Pleasure to inform the Army that the
Congress have in A Unanimous Resolve express'd their Satis-
faction to the officers and Soldiers in the attack on the enemy
near Germaintown on the 4th Inst for their brave exertions
on that occation ; & hopes that the approbation of that Hon-
ourable Body will Stimulate them to Still greater Efforts on
every future Occation. — Capt. Paul Parker of Col. Hartleys
Regt is appointed to do duty of Brigade Major in Genl
Waynes Brigade untill further orders, & is to be obey'd &
respected as Such ; — All guns is absolutely forbid firing with-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 203
out the leave of the Majr Genl of the day, the instant a gun
is fired a Serjt and A file of men, Shall be sent to catch the
Villain who is thus waisting amunition, & alarming the Camp,
all officers are Strictly to See this order put in execution.
Head Qrs Towarinsing Octbr 12th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Stephens.
Field Officers Col. Patten, Lt. Col. Mead, Majr Lockart
of 3d Carolina Regt is promoted to the Rank of Lt. Col. in
the 8th Regt of that State, in the Room of Col. Ingram who
has Resigned, Capt. Dixon of N. Carolina Regt is promoted
to the Rank of Major in the Room of Majr Lockart.
The Commander in Chief approves of the following Sen-
tences of A Genl Court martial, held the 3rd Inst whereof Col.
Josiah Parker was president, Ens. Cannon of the 4th Virginia
Regt Charg'd with accusing Ens. Ford with Cowardice also of
getting on the morning & behaving in an ungentleman like
manner, found guilty of the Charge & Sentenc'd to be dis-
charg'd the Service; Ens. Thomas Shanks of the 10 Pensylva
Regt Charg'd with Stealing two pair of Shoes from Lt. Adams,
Regimental QRMaster to the Said Regt found guilty of the
Charge exhibited against him & Sentenc'd to be discharg'd
from the Service.
Major Forrest of Coll. Proctors Regt of Artillery Charg'd
with neglect of duty, with Disobedience of Orders to the
Prejudice of good order & Millitary Discipline, & with Break-
ing his arrest found guilty of neglect of Duty & Disobedience
■of orders but not guilty of Breaking his Arrest it appears by
204 THE ORDER BOOK OF
the Evidence, That Major Forrests conduct was highly Repri-
mandible because of Such nature as tends to Subvert the Foun-
dation of Order in an Army When an Officer is ordre'd to do
any thing in A line of his duty, he ought not to Reason on the
Propriety of the measure but execute it in the best manner he
can remembring that any Implicit Obediance constitutes true
Discipline is Essential and Even to the exixtance of an Army
it is the ardent w^ish of the Commander in Chief that the duty
of the Camp may be perform'd with the greatest Exactness
General and Field Officers of the day to attend the Parade
Constantly at Guard mounting and see the Guard on Duty
March'd off and every thing carried on Vv^ith propriety &
Thence forward the Guards are To mount at 9 OClock now
the Officers have an Oppertunity of Attending to the Desci-
pline of their Men, every day when the weather permitts the
Corps are To be turned out and practis'd in the most Essential
manner and Exercise particularly in priming, loading, forming.
Advancing, retreating. Breaking, Rallying, and no pains are
To be spared in Improving the Troops in these Points.
All parties and Witnesses relative to the Charge against
General Wayne are To attend the Court of Inquiry at Lord
Sterling's Qrs to morrow morning at 9 OClock.
The QrMr Genl is directed to procure paper immediately
that the Several Corps may be Furnish'd.
October 13 th 1777
The General is extremely sorry to Inform the Officers of his
Division that he was yesterday Inform'd in the hearing of the
Commander in Chief, That the Officers of the Division were
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 205
universilly dissatisfied with being under his Command and had
no Confidence in him as an Officer, and that they had declared
it publickly in many places and at all Oppertunities, This re-
port so to them if False and To him if True, he wishes to
have cleared up, he therefore desires every Commissioned to
give him Candidly Their Sentiments Upon the matter, he
promises them that if any Considerable part of the Officers are
Uneasy under his Command he shall take it kind in them to
let him know it and he will immediately remove that Difficulty
be quitting the Division the Instant he finds them wish For it
but if On the Contrary the report has no foundation or Truth,
he expects and desires them to take the proper Steps to bear the
publick Testimony Against it.
The Commandants of Brigades are immediately To Order
those men that are in Want of Cathridges Boxes to be Sup-
plied by those men who have Ball Cathridges boxes and Tin
Canisters so that each Soldier may be Supplied with one and
Immediate Application is to be made To supply those men
with Arms who are in want no Excuse will be admitted as
plenty of Good Arms are Arived in Camp and are ready to be
deliver'd on an Application.
General Sullivan requires that the Commandants will take
the Size of the bores of their Guns and return a list thereof
2o6 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Quarters October 13th 1777
Major General For tomorrow Sullivan.
Brigadier Vernan, Field Officer Colonal Broadhead.
Lwt. Colonal Green, for Picket, Major Sterrett.
Brigade Major day.
The sending in Flaggs To the Enemies lines are Defer'd
till to morrow at 9 OClock Those Battalions of Militia and
Corps that Han't joined the Army sooner than the 3d Instant
are To attend to the Orders of that day with regard to make-
Athough Orders have been given to Compleat the Army with
40 rounds of Cathridges pr man the General did not intend
it shou'd be distributed to the men except so fare as to Fill the
Cathridge boxes until further Orders and Tin Canisters all
above that number is to be immediatly collected and deposited
in a good Covered Waggon of the Brigade or Division no de-
lay of this matter is least the Cathridge be Spoiled and lost.
The Companies raised by Captains shall living Theanly &
Calderwood are to join Col. Malcome's Regmt & Compose
part of it.
It is with Grief and Amazement that the General Observes
by the late returns of Arms and Accoutriments the Continental
Troops are not yet Supplied he immediately directs that they
may be Supplied with Musketts and if those are any not Suffi-
ciently supplied with Cathridge boxes that the Tin Canisters
be taken from them who have Cathridge boxes and distributed
to those who are destitute of both.
After this the General positivly orders that the Arms Am-
munition and accoutriments be examin'd once a day by an
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 207
Officer of each Company that this may be done he expects the
Commanding Officers will be particular to the duty here En-
join'd he also Commands to the Genel Officers as a Matter
well worthy of their Care.
Any Soldier after this who shall loose, sell or dispose of their
Arms, or accoutriment or Cloathing shall be punish'd in a most
Examplary manner without the smallest mittigation.
Colonal Crawford as there are not Spare Cathridges Boxes
at this time to supply the Militia it is desired he will use his
Utmost Skill and Industry to procure horns and pouches to
carry their Ammunition in or To adapt any other method con-
sulting his Officers his Officers find most expedient he is to
appoint some person acquainted with the duty of Brigade
Major who will be allowed pay during the time he Acts.
As many great and Valuable advantages would result from
having the Arms of a Brigade or even a Division of the Same
Size the Commander in Chief directs that each Officer Com-
manding a Brigade would have a return Instantly made to him
of the Different Callibres and number of each in his Brigade
And that as soon as this is done Major General Sullivan would
call in his General Officers commanding Brigades and see if
such a Disposition of Arms can be Effected as many happy
Consequences would Flow from it.
Head Qrts October 14th 1777
Major General For to Morrow Green.
Brigadier, Kentington Field Officer, Colonal Evans.
Lieut. Colonal Lynly Brigade Major, Piatt the Officer on
Guard to make a Report to the Officer of the day who will
2o8 THE ORDER BOOK OF
report the whole To the Adjutant General Doctor Craig
Director of the Hospital at Reading has sent a list of the
wounded there whose blankets and other necessaries Remain
in Camp the Commanding Officers of Regmts are directed to
make the most diligent Search for all such Necessaries belong-
ing To the wounded in their Respective Regmts, collect them
there togather and Lodge them with all possible Dispatch at
the Quarter Master General's Quarters, The wounded are
now Suffering for Want of them, and not a moment is to be
lost in relieving those brave men who have Suffered in their
Countries Cause the Brigade Major is To send lists of their
names to the Officers commanding Regmts without Delay.
Hitchcock Esqr. is appointed to do duty as Brigade Major in
the Second Merryland Brigade late Deborres and is to be re-
spected as such John Lawson Esqr. Adjutant to the Prince
William Militia is appointed to do the duty of Brigade Major
of Militia under the Command of Colonal Crawford and to
be respected as Such.
Head Quarter Octr 15th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Stevens.
Brigadier Wirden, Field Officer Col, Lewis.
Lieut. Col. Meade, Brigade Major, Parker Officer.
For Picket Major Richardson.
The General has the expected pleasure of informing the
Army of our Troops under the Command of General Gates
over Genl Burgoin's Army the 7th Instant, The Action began
at 3 OClock in the afternoon between the picket of the Army
which were reinforced on both sides, the Contest was warm &
Continued till evening when our Troops gained the advanced
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 209
Lines of the Enemj^ and encamptd on their Ground all night
they Fled and left 330 Tents with Kettles boiling with Corn,
8 Brass Cannon 2 twelve & 6 pounders, upwards of two hun-
dred Dead of their Flying Army Genl Frazier is among their
Slain Our Troops took 550 of their non Commissioned Officers
and Soldiers Sir Francis Case Clarke A D C to General Bur-
goine a Qrtt. Genl supposed to be Carlton the Commanding
Officers of Artillary of a Forreign Brigade and of the British
Granadeers and a number of other Officers of Inferior Rank
Two of our Genl Arnold & Lincoln are wounded in the Legs
besides our Troops suffered but little they behaved with great
bravery and interpidity and have then a Second time triumphed
Over Veteran Troops when the last Accompts came away Genl
Burgoin's Army was retreating & some perishing the General
Congratulates the Troops on this Signal Victory the third
Capital advantage under divine Providence we have gain'd in
that Quarter and hopes it will prove a powerful Stimulus under
his immediate Command at least to Equal their Nothren
Brethren in brave and Intrepid Transactions when called
thereto the General wishes them to consider that this is the
Grand American Army and in Consequence great things are
expected of it is the Army of whose superior power some have
boasted what Shame then and Dishonour will attend us if wee
Suffer ourselves in every instance to be out done, we have Force
Sufficient by the Favour of heaven to Crush our Enmies, but
nothing is wanting but a Spirited persevering of it To which
as before mentioned duly and the love our Country Irrasest-
ably impells us, the Effect of much powerfull Motives no man
who posses the Spirit & Soldier can withstand an Oppertunity
by those Motives the General assures himself the next Occasion
his Troops will be Compleatly Successful.
210 THE ORDER BOOK OF
For honour to the Nothern Army and To Celebrate the
Victory thirteen pieces of Canon are to be Discharg'd at the
park of Artilary at 5 OClock this afternoon Previous to this
the Brigades of Corps are to be Drawn up on their respective
Parades the Orders to be Distinctly read by their Officers.
Those men of Colonal Crawford w^hose pieces cant be
Drawn are to be Discharged at 5 OClock this afternoon.
The troops are To march from the right to morrow morn-
ning at lO OClock the Major General of the day will point out
the Order of the March.
The brig Adventurers are to be made out of all the Seamen
are to be made out of all the Respective Corps of the Army the
Brigadier and Officer commanding Brigadiers & Officers com-
manding Brigades are without delay to make a Strict Enquiry
for the Tin Cannisters which have been Delivered them & re-
port those numbers now with them and inform what became
of the Rest.
In Consequence of a Representation of the Field Officers of
Colonal Stewart's Regmt Captain Patrick Anderson's Com-
pany & Liewts Saiobi Militia of that Regmt are thereby Sen-
tenced from their non Attendance and for their unworthy Con-
duct as Officers their pay is to be Stop'd a Court of Enquiry
Consisting of 3 Members one which General Green is to be
president To sit at the Presidents Quarters at 3 OClock this
afternoon and enquire into the Conduct & Charges against
Brigadier Genl Maxwell all Witnesses are to attend at the
Same time B: Gen Mulenburgh & Vernon, Colonals Stewart
& Richardson are appointed members of this Court.
A General Court Martial of Horse Officers is To Sitt at
Col. Moylands Quarters To Morrow morning at 9 OClock
for the Tryall of all prisoners of Horse that shall be Brought
Before them Col. Moyland President.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 211
15th Octobr 1777
The Court of Enquiry whereof Col. Woodford was Presi-
dent have Determin'd that Thomas Baily a Servant Inlisted in
Capt. Pattens Company of the Daleware Regt is the property
of Mr. Godden in Maryland, the General Approves of the
Determination and Orders that Said Servant be deliver'd to
The General would be Oblig'd to the Officers Command-
ants to make Reports of the Vacancies in their Several Regts
and what promotion they would wish to take place.
Thursday i6th October Struck tents and marched to the
Skippack Road and Encamped on the Same Ground we were
at on the 3d Instant being 8 miles and About 20 from Philla-
delphia in Philladelphia County Wooster Township.
Head Quarters October i8th 1777
Major General for tomorrow Lord Sterling Brigadier
Field Officers Col. Russell Lieut. Col. Guyney, for
Major Locket B M Emery Detail the Same as Yesterday
Saving that Harpein Wain's, Thompsons, Maxwell's, Con-
way's, and Nashes; Brigades To find Captains in Addition of
the Other Detail and the Other Brigades not to find Captains,
the Genl has his happiness Compleated relative To the Success
of our Nothren Army On the 14th Inst. G: Burgoine and his
whole Army Surrendered prisoners of War let every heart
brighten themselves and every heart expand with Greatful Joy
212 THE ORDER BOOK OF
To the Supreme Disposer of all Events who has Granted us
this Signal Success.
All the Chaplains of the Army to prepare Suited to the Joy-
ful Occasion short discourses To deliver to their Respective
Corps and Brigades at 5 OClock this Afternoon immediately
after this Thirteen peices of Canon are to be discharg'd at the
Artillary Park to be followed by a Fued of Joy with Blank
Cathridges or Powder by every Brigade or Corps of the Army,
beginning at the Right of the Front line and Running to the
left of it and then Instantly beginning at the left of the Second
line and running to the Right of it where it will end the Major
of the day will Superintend and Regulate the Feu, de, Joy;
the Officers Commanding Brigades and Corps are to draw out
their men, Excepting those on duty, every day when the
weather Permits, to practice the most Necessary Manoevres
particularly to Advance in a line, from thence to form Col-
lumns To go through Passes & Oppening Fences, and Reduce-
ing them again To Retire in a Line and Collumn and Form
again in a Word Form all Those movements which in Action
in a Wooden and Close Country shall make Necessary.
A horse Saddle & Bridle came to Genel Knox's quarters;
The Owner by applying may have them again.
On Monday 20th October Struck Tents about 4 OClock
this morning and marched on the Shippack Road about 5
Miles and within 15 of Philladelphia then halted in an Old
Field on the left of said Road then Countermarched to the
Then Incampted in Wheppain Township Philadelp: County.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 213
Camp near Shippack Octr 20th 1777
Proceedings of a Regimental Court Marshall held this day
by Order of Colonal David Hall for the Tryal of such per-
sons as Shall be brought before them belonging to said Regmt.
John Larmouth Capt. President
Lwt. Corsse "j f Lit. Harvey DufiE
Ens. Jas. Campbell J [En: Cal Bennet
Thomas Clark Drummer of Kaptain Kirkw^ood's Company
Confined by Lieut. Brattan for disobedience of Orders.
Prisoner saith he M^as Sick and went for a Drink of Watter
and left his drum with the Rest & went to sleep in the Woods
as he thought they would stay all night Lut. Brattan being
duely Sworn saith that he did not see the Prisoner after they
halted on the Ground they Remain'd on the Court thinks him
Guilty of the Charge, & Sentence him to Receive 39 Lashes.
Approved by Charles Pope Esqr. Liet. Colonal D R.
Head Qrts Octr 22 1777
Brigadier Smallwood, Field Officers Cols Chambers Lieut.
Col. Hashton for Picquet Lieut. Ford, B. M. Peers Such of
the Troops as have not drawn Provision for to day and to
morrow to do it Immediately and Cook the Whole, and all be
Ready to march on the Shortest Notice.
Head Quarters 22d October 1777
Major General for to morrow Sullivan, Brigadier Vernon,
Field Officers Col. Prentice Lieut. Col. Willis for Picquet
214 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Lieut. Col. Pope, Brigade Major Olden; man)^ abuses have
been made in Impressing horses for the Army, the Commander
in Chief possitively orders that no horse henceforth will be
Impressed by any member of the Army, without an Order
from the Quarter Master Ge. or Some of his Deputies, or
Assistants, or Special Order from the Commander in Chief;
the Brigade Qr. Mrs are to make Returns tomorrow After-
noon at 5 OClock of all the riding and bad Horses, of their
Brigades and their persons and Ranks, in whose Service they
A General Court Martial whereof General Sullivan is Pres-
ident is to Sit tomorrow morning at the Presidents Quarters
for the Tryal of Brigadier General Wayne, upon this charge
against him (that he had Timely notice of the Enemies Inten-
tion to Attack the Troops under his Command on the Night
of the 20th September & Notwithstanding that Intelligence
neglected making dispositions untill it was too late either to
Annoy the Enemy, or make a Retreat without the utmost Dan-
ger and Confusion.
Brigadier Genls Mulenburgh, Werden, Conway, Hunting-
ton, Colls. Stevens, Denton, Mr. Clahan Stevv^art, Beadly,
Leut. Col. David Deharte Faihlon are appointed Members of
A Return of the number of Swords is to be made, and
wanting in the horse Brigade as Deficiensies may now be Sup-
Although the Enterprize under Genl Mc Dougal proved
fruitless by Reason that the Enemy had abandon'd their Post;
Intended to have been attacted j'et the Commander in Chief
Seems his Thanks due To the Officers and men Detaled for
that Service, who two might Succesfully have Crossed and
Recrossed the Schuylkill and To Those men under Genl Sulli-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 215
van, & Green, who were designed to facilitate Genl Mc Dou-
gall's Opperation; For the Fortitude and Resolution with
which they went through the night's Marching which was per-
formed in the Expedition.
A Flagg will go into the Enemy to morrow morning at 10
OClock Such persons as have any thing to send to their Friends
are to get them Ready and have them at Head-quarters at that
Head Quarters Octr 25th 1777
Major General For to morrow, Stevens,
Brigadier Woodford Field Officers Col. Lawson, Major
Hail For Picket Major Schull Brigade Major Wil-
The Intention of a Certificate upon the pay Abstracts under
the hands of the Brigades was that truth of them shou'd be
made apparent upon Comparisons, the Signing their names is
but an empty Form. The Commander in Chief therefore
Requests that henceforth the Brigadiers or Officers command-
ing they are Carefully to examine and compare the pay Ab-
stracts with the weekly Returns before they make a Certificate
concerning them. The Commander in Chief Orders that a
Weekly Return be made of each Brigade to morrow morning
at 10 OClock without Fail & and those men Return'd on com-
mand & number of each to be pointed out the General will
look to the Brigadiers and Officers commanding Brigades for
the mutual Compliance of this Order.
The Commander in Chief approves of the Sentance of a
General Court Martial held the 14 Inst whereof Col. Broad-
head was president Orders them put in execution immediately
2i6 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Lewt. Nathan Funs chargd with being drunk and uncapable of
doeing his duty when the Army engaged the Enemy engaged
the Army on the 4th Inst found Guilty and Sentenced to be
cashihired, Leut. Joseph Fish of Capt. Lac's Company in Colo-
nal Dukenson's Regmt charged with leaving his Regmt and
Platoon which he belong'd to while on the March towards the
Enemy on the night of the 3d Inst and also being much dis-
guised in Liquor was acquited of the first charge and found
guilty of being in Liquor and Sentenced to be Reprimanded by
the Brigadier Genl in prescence of the Officers of the Brigade.
Proceedings of a Regimental court Martial held in camp
near Germaintown October 25th 1777 by Order of Col. David
Captain John Learthmouth President
Lieut : John Wilson ") _ , f Lieut. John Rhodes
T? • Tv/r T I Members 1 „ . ^j .
Ensign M. Lean J I Ensign Hariman
William Dowers of Captain Moors Compy being charg'd
with Stealing a five Dollar bill from Serjeant M. Cain pleads
not Guilty but says he found a five Dollar bill by the fire.
Evidence — Marmaduke Mc Cain Being duely Sworn de-
poseth that he was under Guard with the Prisoner, he was
Singing and prisoner Sitting Close by him, and asked him to
Sing the Song again, after he was Done Singing he mist his
pocket Book which had a five dollar Bill in it, and Accus'd
the prisoner with Stealing it, but he Denied it, the Prisoner
after that Changed a five dollar bill and Said he found it by
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 217
Evidence — Henry Gardner being duely Sworn Deposeth,
that he was On Guard with the prisoner and was ordered up
to the Mill and was put on sentry there, the Prisoner Asked
him if he would go to the Sutlers, he Said he would, there the
Prisoner Changed a 5 Dollar Bill.
Evidence — Jno. Bowden being duely Sworn, Saith that he
was prisoner at the time the Prisoner was Search'd, & he had
no money about him, & the next day he Chang'd a 5 Doll :
bill with the Sutler. — The Court having duely Considre'd the
evidence for & Against the Prisoner are of Opinion that he is
guilty of the Charge he is accused with, & do Sentence him to
Receive 500 Lashes well laid on & pay Serjt M Cain 5 Dol-
The Above Sentence Approv'd & ordred to be put in execu-
tion on Parade Remitting 300 Lashes.
General Orders Head Quarters 26th October 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green.
Brigade Maxwell, Field Officers, Col. Brown, Majr
The Court of inquiry whereof Genl Green was President
Relative to the Complaint's against Genl Maxwell
Report their opinion as follows Vizt.
The Court having fully inquired into the complaints exhib-
ited by Lt. Col. Heath against Brigadier Genl Maxwell while
Commanding the Light Corps, are Clearly of opinion that they
are without foundation Saving that it appears that he once
during that time disguis'd with liquor in Such A manner as
to disqualify him in Some Measure but not fully from doing
2i8 THE ORDER BOOK OF
his duty & that once or twice besides his Spirits were a little
elevated with Spiritous Liquor, the Court Submits to his Ex-
cellencys better Judgment whether Genl Maxwell from these
instances of deviation ought to be Subjected to A trj^al by A
Court Martial; —
The Commander in Chief directs that the Genl Court mar-
tial of which Genl Sullivan is President; as soon as the tryal
before them is finished, proceed to the tryal of Brigadier Genl
Maxwell upon the Complaints Refer'd to in the foregoing
Report ; —
The Commander in Chief approves the following Sentences
of A Genl Court Martial of which Col. Broadhead was presi-
dent held the 17th i8th & 19th Inst and orders that they be
put in execution forth with; Lt. Col. Markham of the 8th
Virginia Regt Charg'd with having left the Regt in time of
Action on the 4th Inst & also on the Retreat ye Same day, &
also Charged with delay when ordred to Support the Advanc'd
Guard, was by the unanimous opinion of the Court found
guilty of the Charges exhibited against him & Sentenc'd to be
Capt. M Cormick of the 13th Virginia Regt charg'd with
laying down in time of Action & behaving in A Cowardly &
Unofficerlike manner, was Acquited with honour.
Lt. Crane of the 15th Virginia Regt Charged with Disobe-
dience of Orders, also with Breaking his Arrest; Acquitted
by the unanimous opinion of the Court Lt. Thos. Moore of
Capt. Harrissons Compy in ye 15th Virginia Regt Charg'd
with incouraging the men to breed A mutiny & otherwise be-
having unbecoming the Character of A Gentleman & Officer,
was Acquitted; —
Thos. Roche A Mattross in Capt. Serjeants Compy of Artil-
lery in Col. Cranes Regt Charg'd with Desertion & attempting
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 219
to escape to the Enemy, the Court are Unanimously of opinion
the Prisoner is guilty of the Charges against him & do Unani-
mously Sentence him to suffer Death.
This Sentence to be put in execution to morrow at 12
OClock near the Artillery Park 60 Men with Officers from
each Brigade to attend the Execution.
Head Qrs Octbr 28th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Stevens.
Brigadier Wayne, Field Officers Col. Ogdon, Lt. Col.
Lytell for Picquett Majr Ross, Brigade Majr Mc
The Honble Congress have been pleased to promote Briga-
dier Genl Robt Howe, & Alxr McDougall to the Rank of
Majrs Genls in the Service of the United States;
The Rank of Capts & Sublts In Col. Malcolms Regt are
to be established as Settled the 19th Inst by Cols Ogden, &
Spencer, & Lt. Col. Brailey. Capt. M Gowen is appointed to
do the duty of Brigade Majr in the Brigade late Dehaws & is
to be respected as Such.
Head Qrtrs Octbr 29th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan.
Brigadier Smallwood, Field Officers Lt. Col. r= Majr
West for Picquett Majr Smith.
The Seamen mentioned in Genl Mulenburghs, Weedens,
Scotts, 2nd Maryland, & MDougalls Brigades are to have
three Days provisions Cook'd, & hold themselves ready to
march at the Shortest Notice.
220 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qrtrs Octr 30th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green.
Brigadier Huntington, field Officers Lt. Col. Symes,
Lt. Col. Green.
For Picquett Majr Haimer: Brigade Majr of ye Day
Detail as Yesterday Save that the Six Brigades that fur-
nish'd Capts then to furnish none, the Brigadiers & Officers
Commanding Brigades are without Loss of time to cause the
Arms & Accoutrements of their men to be put in the best
order & that due care be taken that the Catridges that were
damp may be dried & made fit for use. The Seamen in the
Six Brigades mentioned in Yesterdays orders are to parade this
forenoon at 10 OClock in front of Genl Vernons Brigade with
everything Belonging to them & Provisions Ready to march.
The Execution of Thos Roche is Respited till tomorrow;
Such Arms as are Loaded & cannot be drawn are to be dis-
charged this Afternoon at 4 OClock under the directions of
the Officers no pains to be Spaired to draw all Such as will
admit of it.
Divers Horses & Cattle have been brought off by the De-
tachment commanded by Genl MDougall which lately crossed
the Schuylkill, the persons who had or have them in possession
are to Report them immedietly to the QRM. Genl Returns of
the Sick to go to the Genl Hospital are to be made to morrow
morning to the Surjeon Genl at Col. Biddies Qrs. A Suffi-
cient number of Camp kettles are to be Sent with the Sick,
those persons whose cases are very bad are to be sent imme-
dietly to the Quaker meetinghouse at the 20 mile Stone on the
North Wales Road, where the Surjeon of the hospital will
Receive them, the Arms of the Sick to be left with the Regi-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 221
mental QRMasters; who has to deliver them to the Commis-
sary of Military Stores; A few orderly men are to go with
the Sick to the Quaker meeting house proportioned to the
number of the Sick;
The Commander in Chief approves the following Sentences
of A Genl Court Martial held the 13th Inst whereof Col.
Broadhead was President, Col. Alexr Martin of the 2nd N.
Carolina Regt arrested for Cowardice was acquitted from his
Charge, & is therefore discharg'd from his arrest.
Division Orders O^^br 30th 1777
The Commandants of Brigades to appoint five or more
proper Officers to Settle the Rank of Capts & Subalterns in
their Respective Brigades, former Rank is to be attended to in
Settling. Merit must be Rewarded by Congress or the Com-
mander in Chief, & cannot be Considred as giving preference
in Rank by any others, former pretentions are to be considred
and extended only in the Corps; Vizt the former Pretentions
of Capts among Capts ist Liets among themselves, so of 2nd
Lts & Ensigns, A Report from the Officers appointed to be
made as soon as possible that promotions may immedietly take
Hall Brigade Orders °"'"' ^"' '"'
Col. of the Delaware, Col. Gunby Lt. Col. Ramsey & Adams
& Majr Vaughen, are appointed to Settle the Rate of Capts &
Subalterns in the Brigade, they are to Sit this morning at 9
OClock at the Presidents Qrtrs & to Report thereon to Genl
Sullivan the Committee whereon their buisness will please to
have Recourse to the Division orders of Yesterday which they
will give due weight to ;
222 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Col. Richardson Requires the monthly Returns of the Re-
spective Regts in the Brigade to be made out & delivre'd to
him by 12 OClock to day, as he is determin'd to make the
Brigade return this evening; the Sick of the Brigades that are
to be Sent to the Meeting house Hospital, are to parade this
morning at lO OClock near the Cols Qrtrs in order to Set off.
Octbr 31st 1777
The Brigade will omit Sending the Detachment of 60 men
to the parade today.
Head Quarters October 31st 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow^ Stevens.
Brigadier Conway, Field Officers, Col. Martin, Majr
Bloomsfield Field Officer Picquett Majr Smith, Bri-
gade Major Pearce.
Richd Piatt Reynolds Stephens, & M Dougall Esqrs are
appointed Aid D. Cs to Majr Genl M Dougall and are to be
Respected as Such; The Deputy QRM Genl are to make
Returns to the QRM Genls Office of all the Equipages, Stores,
Waggons &c. in their Respective Divisions, these returns are
to be made to morrow morning at 9 OClock;
The Commander in Chief approves of the following Sen-
tences of A Genl Court Martial of which Col. Bland was
president vizt Col. Moyland Charg'd with disobedience of
orders of Genl Poliskey, in A Cowardly & ungenteel like
manner, in Strikeing Mr. Ziniskey A Gentleman Officer in the
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 223
Polish service when Disarm'd, putting him under Guard &
giving initiating language to Genl Polisky, the Court were
of opinion that Col. Moyland Was not guilty & therefore
Acquit him of the Charge exhibited against him; Col. Moy-
land is Discharg'd from his Arrest.
Lucas Henly A private in Col. Blands Regt Charg'd with
plundering Wm. Lawrence, was found guilty & Sentenc'd to
Run the guantlett thr'o A Detachment of 50 men of the Bri-
gade of Horse.
Judah Gridley A Private in Capt. Palmers troop of Col.
Feldons Regt Charg'd with extorting money from Jno. Thomp-
son, also refusing to give himself up, attempting to escape from
Capt. Richd Francis & attempting to draw his Sword, was
found guilty & Sentenc'd to run the guantlett thr'o 100 men
of the Brigade of Horse — Some doubts having arisen with
Regard to the order of Promotion, the Commander in Chief
thinks it again expedient to declare that Promotions Shall be
Regimental as high as the Rank of Capts Inclusive, all from
that Rank in the line of the State but Subject to Such excep-
tions as merit or unworthiness Shall Render Just & proper
agreeable to the Genl Orders Issued at Middle Brook on this
A Detachment of 374 m.en to Parade tomorrow morning at
Sunrise on the Grand Parade with Arms & Amunition & one
Days Provision Cook'd; — The Details for privates to be the
Same as for the daily guards. Hartleys, Humptons, Maxwells,
Conways, Huntingdons, & the North Carolina Brigades fur-
nish each A Capt. Sub. Serjt & 2 Corpls Col. Patten Lt. Col.
Craig, & Major Morris will take Command of this Party.
224 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Camp October 31st 1777
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial of the Dela-
ware Regt held this day by order of Col. David Hall D. R.
Capt. Jno Patten President.
Lt. Corse ] f Lt. Jos. Wilds
Do Duff j ^'"^^"^ 1 Ens. Bennett
Serjt M Gennie of Capt. Pattens Compy of Sd Regt being
brought Before the Court for fighting & Abusing Serjt Faires
(pleads not guilty Serjt Faires of Capt. Moores Compy of Sd
Regt being brought before the Court for abusing Serjt M Gin-
nes (Pleads not guilty).
No Evidence appearing against the above Serjts the Court
are of opinion they ought to be acquitted. Cornelius Haigney
& Thos M Cann of Capt. Andersons Compy brought before
the Court for drunkness & fighting (Cornelius Haigney) pleads
guilty) Thos M Cann pleads not guilty & Sayeth the fault was
altogether Haigneys, that he also tore his Coat in the Scuffle.
Evidence — David Young of Capt. Andersons Compy being
duely Sworn sayeth that Haigney being in Licquor went to
M Canns tent, & gave him abusive language telling him he was
A mean fellow & tore his Coat, that during the Scuffle M Cann
The Court having duely Considred the Crimes & evidences &
of opinion that Thos M Cann ought to be acquitted & that
C. Haigney is guilty of A breach of the i8th Section of War,
and do Sentence him to Receive 39 Lashes on his bare back
with the Cat O Nine tails, & to make good the Dammage done
to M Cann's Coat, the Court from the good Character of Cor
Haigney & being the first Crime that has appeared against him
(Recommend him to Mercy) Jas Caton being brought before
the Court for going drunk on the parade (Pleads not guilty)
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 225
but says he was A little Hearty no Evidence appearing the
Court do Acquit him the Above Sentence Approv'd & C : Haig-
ney's Sentence emitted. „ tt
' D. Hall
Col. D R
Head Qrs White Marsh November 2nd 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green, Brigadier Ervine.
Field Officers Col. Broadhead, Lt. Col. Ennis, for Pic-
quett Lt. Col. Polk Brigade Majr Mullen, Detail the
Same as yesterday only the North Carolina Brigade
no men for Picquett.
Each Division to open A Road into the best & nearest Main
Road leading to the Country, by which the Waggons & troops
may move with the greattest ease & dispatch ; The Commander
in Chief Relies on the Officers Commanding Divisions to See
this Necessary work Perform'd As soon as possible; the Wag-
gons are to be Drawn up Regularly & in the best order, &
every night the Horses are to be tied to the Waggons, & gear'd
every morning at day break, the Divisions & Brigade QRMas-
ters are to provide Straw for the troops, taking none that is not
thrashed, but the men will Collect leaves they can for that Pur-
pose; The Genl Court Martial whereof Genl Sullivan is
President, to Sit to morrow morning at 9 OClock at the Presi-
dents Qrs for the tryal of Genl Stevens upon the Charge ex-
hibited against him, the delay that may ariss from the appoint-
ment of new members & the Impractability of Changing the
Genl Officers without introducing those that have been upon
the Court of Inquiry Relative to the Same Charges, Renders it
Necessary that this tryal Should be Before the Same Court.
226 THE ORDER BOOK OF
November 2nd Sunday Struck tents & Cross'd Whissahicton
Creek on Skippack Road, march'd to the left & encamp'd on
the brow of an hill on ye North Wales Road White Marsh
Township Philada County in all 2 Miles.
Novmbr 3rd 1777
A Court of inquiry to Sit tomorrow morning at 9 OClock to
inquire into Some Complaints against major Adams respecting
A Waggon and Horses he had in Custody, Belonging to A
person in New Jersey, Lt. Col. Pope of the Delaware to Sit as
president of this Court, 2 Capts & 2 Subs from each Brigade
to compose this Court, the Same Court to enquire into the
Conduct of Lt. Jno Moore of Col. Gunbys Regt in the late
Battle of Germainton, also of Lt. Skinner of the Same Regt
accused of mis conduct in that Action.
The Commandants of the Division are to attend to having
A Road opned in the Rear, agreeable to the Orders of yester-
day, the Genl being engaged on A Court martial Cannot attend
himself to the Buisness, they will please to Consult each other
upon the most proper place to make the Road, and have it
Compleated as Soon as Possible.
After Divis. Orders
3d Novmbr 1777
The Officers and men by no means to be absented from
Camp, provisions for this day and tomorrow to be Cook'd im-
medietly & every thing held in Readiness for marching at the
Shortest notice, the Officers Commanding Brigades are with-
out loss of time to furnish them Selves with A Guide well
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 227
acquainted with the Neighbouring Country; Wm Blanch A
Private said to belong to Capt. Deans Compy in the 5th M.
Regt now Detain'd in Capt Andersons 2nd M Regt is imme-
dietly to Join the 5th M. Regt any Officer who thinks him-
self agrieved by another, may on application have A Court of
inquiry to Determine to what Corps the Soldier Belongs.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 3d 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow M Dougall, Brigadier Scott, Field
Officers Col. Marshall, Brigade Majr M Gowen, Detail the
Same as yesterday, except the two Maryland Brigades, &
Wedens, Mulenburghs, Woodfords, & Scotts, furnish Capts,
the Post Office is kept at Edward Hopkins near farmers mill
by the great Bridge, the post master has paper to Sell for the
price it Cost. The Waggoners are to be in the Rear of their
Respective Divisions and kept Ready to move as Directed in
yesterday Orders, the Q. R. Masters are to Cause necessaries
to be made forthwith for the Conveniencies of each Brigade.
The Cols, of each Regt of Horse to make A Return of the
Number & condition of their Horses & furniture, & of the
Arms & Accoutrements of his men, the Returns to be made by
to morrow forenoon without fail.
On Saturday was found A Black pocket book with Some
money, & A number of Papers dated at Peek's hills, and A
Letter directed to Jos. Fatch Col. Chandlers Regt.
3rd Maryland Regt to Send an orderly Serjt to Head Quar-
228 THE ORDER BOOK OF
5th Maryland Regt to Send one orderly Serjt to Col. Rich-
The Guards to be on the Parade at half after Eight OClock
in the Morning.
White Marsh Novmbr 4th 1777
Majr Gel for tomorrow Green, Brigadier Maxwell,
Field Officers Col. Swift, Majr Read of Col. Hazens
Regt Brigade Majr Hitchpatrick.
Detail the Same as Yesterday; Agreeable to former orders all
Reports of the Guards & Scouting are to be made by the
Officers Commanding them to the Majr Gel of the Day who
is to Report them to the Commander in Cheif; Every Regt is
to go on making Catridges every day when the weather will
admit of it, the Commissary of Military Stores is to make A
Return of the Catridges Return'd to him & by the Regt by
which they were made. Lost yesterday afternoon about 2
OClock on the Skippack Road, between the Commissarys Genl
& the Mill, A parchment Pocket book Containing about 40
Dollars & Some Papers, any person Leaving it at Genl Sulli-
vans Qrs Shall receive 10 Dollars Reward.
White Marsh Novmbr 5th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Woodford,
Field Officers Col. Hogun, Majr Taylor, Brigade Majr Min-
nes, Detail the Same as Yesterday; A Genl Court Martial of
which Genl Sullivan was President held the 30th Octbr last &
the two following days, for the tryal of Brigadier Genl Max-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 229
well on the following Charge Viz. that he was once during the
time he Commanded the Light troops disguised in Liquor, in
Such A manner as to be Disquallified, in Some measures, but
not fully from doing his Duty, & that once or twice Besides,
his Spirits were A little elivated with liquor, upon which the
Court pronounced Sentence as follows ; The Court having Con-
sidered the Charge & evidence, are Unanimously of Opinion
that Brigadier Genl Maxwell while he Commanded the light
Troops was not at any time in any measure unfit from doing
his Duty, they do therefore Acquit him of the Charge laid
against him ; The Paymasters Genls Qrs are at Nathen Clevins,
in the Rear of Genl Stevens Division.
5th M. Regt to Send A Captain and one Subaltern to A
Court of inquiry to Sit at Col. Popes tent to morrow morning
at 9 OClock.
7th M. Regt to Send an Orderly Serjt to Head Quarters.
1st M. Regt to Send one Do to Col. Richardsons.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr, 6th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow M Dougall, Brigadier Small-
Field Officers Col. Gunby, Lt. Col. Brent, Brigade Majr
Alder The Independent Compy commanded by Capt. Joshua
Williams to be annexed & to do Duty with the 4th Pensyl-
vania Regt till further Orders; all Prisoners not being Con-
tinental Soldiers and Suspected persons are to be Carried to
the Major Genl of the day to be examin'd and dealt with as he
Shall think fit.
230 THE ORDER BOOK OF
The Cols or officers Commanding Regts are to appoint an
Officer from each Regt to go with 4 men to Bethlehem to get
Such of their Cloathing as is absolutely Necessary and Bring
the Same on Waggons, the Waggon Master Genl will make
the Necessary provision and Waggons for that end; Any Gen-
tleman of the Army having any effects of the late Majr White
A. D. C. to Genl Sullivan are Desired to bring them to Head
Qrs to be deliver'd to his Brother.
„ . , ^ , Novmbr 6th 1777
Returns of Cloathing wanted are to be Rendred to morrow
morning by the Commandants of the Maryland Continental
Regts that A Distribution may be equally made of Such that is
now on hand and an application made for the deficiency; for
which purpose an Officer will be detached with proper Instruc-
tions to the States of Maryland to morrow, and Also like Re-
turns from the Delaware Regt is expected as an Officer will be
detatch'd to that State for the Same purpose Col Guest is
Required to Detach A Scouting party Consisting of the Same
number under Similar Instructions of that Detachmen yester-
Detail for Guards i Sub 2 Serjts 2 Corpls & 27 Privates.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 7th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Wayn,
Field Officers Col. David Hall, Lt. Col. Farmer,
Brigade Majr Barker.
Detail the Same as Yesterday, the Independant Compy Com-
manded by Capt. Weaver is to be Annexed to, and do Duty
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 231
with the lOth Pensylvania Regt till further orders, Some Dis-
putes having Arrisen Relative to Certain men enlisted by M
Nelson doing duty in the 7th Pensylvania Regt, A Court of
inquiry is to examine into the Matter & Report their opinions
whether these men Should Remain as they are or be trans-
ferred to the 9th Pensylvania Regt for which Regt it is Said
they are Inlisted for ; A Field Officer and A Capt. from Max-
wells Brigade & one field Officer from Col. Huntingdons Bri-
gade are to Compose this Court which are to Sit to morrow
Morning at 9 OClock at Lt. Col. Brearlys Qrs who is to be
one of the members; It is expected by the Commander in
Chief that all intilligence from the enemies lines which may
Come to the Knowledge of any Officer & bears the mark of
Authority will be immedietly Communicated to him or the
Majr Genl of the Day who will if the Cause Requires it give
immediet information thereof to him.
All Officers Commanding at out posts are to Receive &
detain all pass which are given merely for the purpose of pass-
ing them, lest they Should afterwards be put to an improper
use; — Since the Genl left Germaintown in September last, he
has been without his Baggage and on that Acct is unable to
Receive Company in the manner he Could wish, but neverthe-
less he desires the Genls & Field Officers of the Day and Bri-
gade Majrs to dine with him in future at 3 OClock in the
Afternoon; A Detatchment of 370 Men properly Officer'd is
to parade at Sun Rise on the Grand Parade, Detail the Same
as for other Guards, Col. Russell Lt. Col. Mead & Majr Sill
are to Command this Detatchment; A Detatchment of 15
Dragoons under the Command of Capt. Smith to be Composed
according to Instructions he Shall Receive.
232 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 8th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green, Brigadier Woodford, Field
Officers, Col. Davis the Majr of the loth Pensylvania Regt
Brigade Majr of Genl Scotts Brigade Detail the Same as yes-
terday; the Service requiring that the men be Ready to march
on the Shortest notice, the Officers Commanding Brigades &
Corps are to be perticularly CarefuU to keep their men con-
stantly Supplied with 2 Days Provisions in hand; — To make
the more despatch in the Tryal of Officers under Arrest, Bri-
gade Genl Court Martials, are to be held without delay for
the tryal of Such Officers under Arrest as Shall apply to Briga-
diers or other Officers Commanding Brigades for tryal before
their Courts; The Commander in Chief Approves of the Sen-
tence of the Genl Court Martial to Brigadier Genl Maxwell
Publish'd in Genl orders of the 4th Inst but through mistake
that approbation was not Inserted.
^. . . ^ , November 8th 1777
The Genl Requests the Commanding Officers of Brigades &
Corps, to improve every opportunity of Desciplining & Man-
auvering their troops two or three hours in the Course of each
Day while the Army Lays encamp'd, it will by no means
fatague the men, but will tend to give them Confidence in each
other, which in time of Action is Essentially necessary, teach-
ing them to move in large bodys will answer the best purpose,
moving in lines at open order & forming. Displaying Collumns
by their Center are verry Essential ;
As soon as the Genl can be Dismiss'd from other duty, he
will give every Assistance in his power to promote this desire-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 233
Novmbr 8th 1777
Col. Hall of the Delaware Regt is appointed President of
the Brigade Court Martial ordered yesterday in place of Majr
Jos. Vaughen who is Sick, the Same Court is ordred to Sit to
morrow morning at 9 OClock, for tryal of Such prisoners as
are under Confinement,
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 9th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Maxwell;
Field Officers Lt. Col. Powell, Majr Hurman; Brigade Majr
Day, Detail the Same as Yesterday; — Nicholas Vancourtland
Esqr. is appointed A D C. to Majr Genl Sullivan and is to
be Respected as Such;
One piece of Cannon at Genl Ervins Brigade is to be dis-
charg'd this evening at 4 OClock it being found impracticable
to draw the Charge; — All the empty Waggons or which can
be emptied without great inconveniency are to be got Ready
in the Several Brigades and to be Assembled this day at Such
place and hour as the Forrage master Genl Shall direct to be
dispos'd of by him.
The Brigadiers & Officers Commanding Brigades are with
as much Despatch as possible to have their Brigades paraded
& from their own observation to take an Acct of the Articles
of Cloathing indispensably necessary for the men, many of the
men mount parade daily who make very unsoldier like appear-
ance, the Adjutants and Brigade Majrs will be Respectively
Answerable, that hence forward they Bring no man to the
Parade whose appearance is not as decent as his circumstances
will permit, having their Beards Shaved, Hair Comb'd, Face
234 THE ORDER BOOK OF
wash'd & Cloath put on in the best manner in their Power; —
Capt. Craig of Col. Moyland's Regt with his party of horse
have taken of Dragoons & 7 Soldiers with their horses, Arms,
& Accoutrements, The Genl desires Capt. Craigs leave &
others who distinguished themselves will accept his Cordial
thanks for the enterprise, Spirit & Bravery they have expati-
ated in harrassing & making Captives of the Enemy; All the
Genl Officers in Camp are to Assemble to morrow at 10
OClock in the forenoon at Genl Greens Qrs to Settle the
Rations, the Genl Officers will attend this in preferrence to
any other Duty and make Report as Soon as they have fin-
A Detatchment of 370 men are to parade precisely at 3
OClock to morrow morning with their Arms & Accoutrements
& I Days Provision Cook'd the Brigade Majrs w^ill have their
men turn'd out and See everything in order this afternoon, &
parade them tomorrow morning with the greatest punctuality
the Detail the Same as for other Guards; Col. Spencer Lt.
Col. Starr, & Majr Breuster are to Command this detatch-
ment; 24 Light Dragoons are to parade at the Same time and
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial held at Camp
White Marsh Novmbr 9th 1777 by order of Col. David Hall
of the Delaware Regt.
Jno. Larimonth Capt. President.
Lt. Jno. Rhodes, Lt. Jas. Bratten, Lt. Caleb Brown, & Ens.
Horsman members Serjt Dowds, Hugh ColiEell & Andrew Pol-
lard Privates of Capt. Kirkwood's Compy, Confin'd by order
of Col. David Hall for burning a tent Serjt Dowds Says he
was Asleep & did not know anything of the tents being burnt;
Hugh Coffell Says he did not know how the tent got afire;
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 235
Andrew Pollard Says he did not know how the tent got afire,
for he was A Cutting Cabbage at the time. No Evidence
Appearing against the Prisoners, the Court are of opinion that
they are not guilty of the Crime alledg'd against them, as it
appears to have been an Accident,
The Above Sentence approv'd.
Col D. R
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr loth 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green, Brigadier Smallwood,
Field Officers Col. Clark, Majr of Col. Steels Regt
Brigade Majr Williams.
Detail the Same as yesterday only Hartleys, Huntingtons,
Maxwells, Conwaj^s, North Carrolina, & Humptons Brigades
furnish Capts Instead of those who furnish'd them yesterday;
Col. Stevens is Appointed President of A Court of Inquiry,
relative to the Complaint of Jos. Chambers against Lt. Col.
Jos. Parker; Lt. Col. Farmer, & i Capt. from Genl Wedens
Regt & two Capts from Genl Mulenburghs Brigade are ap-
pointed members of the Court, which is to Sit at Col. Stevens
Qrs to morrow at 10 OClock.
T-.. . . ^ , Novmbr loth 1777
The Court of inquiry whereof Lt. Col. Pope was President
to enquire into the conduct of Majr Adams Respecting A
236 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Waggon & Horses taken by him the last Campaign Report
their opinions as follows, the Court taken into Consideration
Majr Adams Conduct concerning Said Waggon & horses, and
from the Several testimonies handed in are unanimously of
opinion that he Acted the part of A Gentleman & ought not
to bear the least Censure; the Genl cannot help observing that
upon perussing the evidence laid before the Court of Inquiry,
he not only coincides in opinion with the Court but is fully
convinced that few persons in Majr Adam Circumstances that
would have taken So much pains to Render Justice to the
owner of the Waggon & Horses as he has done. — The Genl
has the Satisfaction to Inform his Division that Capt. Pears
author of A Letter published in the Virginia Gazette, assuring
that this Division first gave way at the Battle of Germain-
town, he has wrote another Letter which will be published in
the Same paper Contradicting that assertion and rendering
them that Justice, which their Bravery will intitle them to, the
Resentment Shewn by the Genl Officers of the Army as well
as others who were of Different Divisions against the erronious
Acct ought to Serve as A Stimulous to excite the Officers &
Soldiers on every Similar occation to deserve the good opinion
of those Officers who have taken So much pains to do them
Justice & Resented A Publication which gave their own Corps
A Preference to them & Robbed them of part of the Glory
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial held by order
of Col. Davd Hall of the Delaware Regt Camp White Marsh
Novmbr loth 1777.
Jno. Patten Capt. President
Lt. Wilson, Lt. Wilds, Enss. M Clane, & Hosman Mem-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 237
Prisoner Serjt Perry Confin'd by Lt. Duff Charg'd with
Pleads not Guilty
Evidence — Lt. Quenouault being duely Sworn Saith that he
Saw the Serjt when the Corporal Confin'd him that he ap-
peared verry much in Liquor, & fell on A tent Just by him, &
that he has Seen him in Liquor Several times before; The
Court having duely Considred the Evidence are of opinion that
he is guilty of a Breach of the 5th A of the i8th Sect of War
& do Sentence him to be Reduced to ye Ranks.
Approv'd by Col. D. Hall
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr nth 1777
Parole Hudson. C. Sign Delaware. Schuylkill.
Majr Genl for to morrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier
Scott, Field Officers, Col. Beauford, Majr Bryard,
Brigade Majr McGowan, the Detail the Same as
The Honourable Continental Congress passed the following
Resolves, which has been transmitted hither to be made Pub-
lick in the Army; In Congress Novmbr 4th 1777.
Resolv'd that his Excellency Governour Casswell of North
Carolina be Requested to errect A monument of the Value of
500 Dollars at the expence of the United States in honour of
the Memory of Brigadier Genl Nash, who fell in the Battle
of Germaintown of the 4th of Octbr 1777 nobly contending
for the Independance of his Country; Resolv'd that the thanks
of Congress in their own name & in behalf of the thirteen
238 THE ORDER BOOK OF
United States, be presented to Majr Genl Gates, Commander
in Chief to the northern Army & to Majr Genl Francis Lin-
coln & Arnold, the rest of the Officers & men under his Com-
mand, for their brave & SuccessfuU Behaviour in Support of
the Independency of their Country, Whereby the Army of the
Enemy of I0,000 Men have been totally Defeated, one large
Detatchment of it Strongly posted and entrench'd having been
Conquer'd at Bennington, another Repuls'd with loss & Dis-
grace from fort Schuyler & the main Army of 6,000 men after
being beat in three Actions, & driven from A Strong post &
formidable Intrenchments reduced to the Necessaty of Surren-
dering themselves upon terms Honourable & Advantageous to
these States on the 19th of Octbr last to Majr Genl Gates.
That A Medal be Struck of Gold under the direction of the
Board of War in Commemoration of this great event & in the
name of these United States presented by the President to Majr
Resolved that Congress have A high Sence of the merit of
Col. Green & the Officers & men under his Command for their
late Gallant defence of the fort at Red bank on Delaware
River & that An Elligant Sword be provided by the Board of
War & presented to Col. Green.
Resolved that Congress have an high Sense of the Merit of
Lt. Col. Smith & of the Officers & Men under his Command
in their Gallant defence of Fort Mifflin on the River Dela-
ware & that an Elligant Sword be provided by the Board of
War, & present to Lt. Col. Smith.
Resolved that the Congress have an high Sense of the merit
of Commodore Hazel wood the Commander of the Naval Force
in the River Delaware, in the Service of the Commonwealth
of Pensylvania, & of the Officers & men under his Command
in their late Gallant defence of their Country against the Brit-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 239
ish Fleet, whereby two of their Men of War were Destroyed
& four others Compelled to Retire, & that an eIHgant Sword be
provided by the Board of War & presented to Commodore
Hazlewood ; — A Flag will go to the Enemies lines to morrow
morning at 10 OClock.
Taken yesterday afternoon from Col. Proctors tent a hand-
Some Silver Mounted Small Sword, with the handle Bound
with Gold the Sheath of Parchment, & the Shell verry neatly
Chas'd with zays whosoever will bring the same to Lt. Col.
North, Shall be handsomely Rewarded at the Park of Artil-
Head Qrtrs White March Novembr 12th 1777
Mair Genl for tomorrow Green.
Brigadier Ewin, Field Officers Lt. Col. Nagle, Majr
Stewart Brigade Majr Minnes.
C L S C P
^ ., . f 1st Maryland Brigade I I 2 2 29
Detail for to morrow \ . ^ ^
[ 2nd Do. Do. o I 2 2 25
The Honble the Continental Congress have been pleased to
pass the following Resolves Concerning the opinion of the Court
of inquiry mentioned in General orders the 6th Inst Relative
to Genl Sullivan, In Congress Octbr 20th 1777 Resolved that
the Result of the Court of inquiry into the expedition of Staten
Island as Honourable to General Sullivan's Charecter, And
highly pleasing to Congress, & that the opinion of the Court be
published in Justification of the Charecter of that Injured
240 THE ORDER BOOK OF
It appears that Some Regiments are destitute of Necessary
Cloathing although they have been supplied with their full
Suits allowed by Congress this must have arrisen, at least in
part from the innatention of the Officers not taking lists of
their Mens Necessaries & examining them agreeable to General
orders, And Calling delinquents to A Severe Acct for what was
missing this under our Circumstances is a Neglect of the worst
kind & most fatal tendency & demands a most Speedy Si.
effectual Remedy, and although the articles delivered the men
beyond the Stated allowance be Charged to them yet in our
Situation this does not lessen the evil Complain'd of ; The Com-
mander in Chief therefore most Seriously & positively Requests
the Officers Commanding Companies, after taking exact lists of
the mens Necessaries to examine them Carefully Once A Week
agreeable to Genl orders formerly Issued, & if any Non Com-
missioned Officer or Soldier Shall Sell or willfully destroy, or
Carlessly loose any of the Necessaries, he is to be Severly pun-
ished at the direction of A Court martial, this is a matter of
So important a nature, that the Commander in Chief expects
the Officers will pay the most exact attention to it, & that the
Genl Officers & others Commanding Brigades, will see this
order Carefully & Regularly Comply'd with. It appears also
that many men who go into Hospitals well Cloathed are in A
manner almost naked, when they get well & Cannot Return to
their Regts till they are new Cloathed, to prevent A continu-
ance of this evil, & that the Guilty may be known & Punished,
no man henceforward are to be Sent to the Hospitals with out
lists of the Company & Regt they belong to & of every article
of their Cloathing, these lists to be Signed by their Captain or
those Commanding the Company & Transmitted to the Sur-
jeons of the Hospital to which the Sick are Sent to, and if any
men are Sent to the Hospitals without Such lists, the Officers
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 241
Sending them Shall be punished for their neglect at the Dis-
cretion of A Genl Court Martial, And the Surgeons of the
Hospitals are as Soon as Possible to Send A Report of Such
Officers to the Adjutant Genl.
That the Arms & Accoutrements of the Sick may not be lost
or damaged they are agreeable to Genl orders lately Issued to
be delivred to the Regimental QRMasters & by them without
delay to the Commissary of Military Stores, & never Carried
with the Sick to the Hospitals.
There will be A Discharge of Musquettry this Afternoon at
4 OClock at the burial of an Officer of Genl Maxwells Brig-
ade, the Flag which was to have gone to the Enemy to day,
will Set off to morrow morning at 9 OClock from the Qrtrs of
the Commissary Genl of Provisions.
November 13th 1777
This Instant it is Suggested that many of the men mount
Guard daily, make a verry unsoldier like appearance, the adju-
tants & Brigade Majrs will be respectively answerable hence
forward for to bring no men to the Parade, whose appearance
is not as decent as his Circumstances will admit, having his
beard Shaved, hair Comb'd, face wash'd & his Cloaths put on
in the best manner in his power, as this order is extended the
Brigade Majors I apprehend is to Caution the Adjutants to
bring the details from their Respective Regts in this order, &
if not Comply'd with it then becomes the Brigade Majrs duty
to Report or put under Arrest the Adjutant in fault, it is there-
fore Strictly Required to Report Such Adjutant in every in-
stance who do not Comply with this order, in like manner to
Report Such Adjutants who furnish their detail for Picquett?
242 THE ORDER BOOK OF
without Cartridges Sufficient to mount with these Gentlemen
may order their Serjeant Majors to See this duty done, but does
not Justify its not being Comply'd with.
The Brigadier is verry Sorry to Observe that there is A
General neglect in the Adjutants Department in point of Ap-
plying for orders except Col. Richardsons Adjutant who alone
Condescends to Apply for them, it is expected this admonition
will after the practice; If Cartridges are wanting an order will
be given on the Park on Application; The Adjutant General
has Complained of the Field Officers appointed from this Brig-
ade for Picquetts not attending, it may not be Improper to
Remark that there is not only neglect in them, but perhaps the
Adjutants, in Complying or Destributing the orders in their
Head Qrtrs White March Novmbr 14th 1777
Major General for tomorrow Green.
Brigadier Maxwell, Field Officer Lt. Col. Barber, For Pic-
quett Majr. Miller, Brigade Major Mullen. — An Officer of
the North Carolina Brigade is to be Buried this afternoon at 4
OClock with Military Honours; The Brigadiers & Officers
Commanding Brigades, who have not Compleated their Cloath-
ing Returns According to Genl orders of the 9th Inst are to
do it without delay, & all the Brigadiers & Officers Command-
ing Brigades are to meet together to morrow at Genl Hunt-
ing's Quarters to Compare the wants of their Brigades & agree
on the manner in which the Cloathing Shall be destributed, the
wants of Col. Morgans Regt & others not included in the
Brigade Returns are to be in like manner Considred, Mr. Rim-
sier the Deputy Cloathier Genl is to attend the meeting & take
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 243
the directions of the board, for the present & further distri-
bution, A Considerable Quantity of Cloathing being on hand
it is the highest importance that this order be executed with
the greatest punctuallity.
The Court of Inquiry held the nth Inst whereof Col.
Breardly was President relative to the Complaint of Joseph
Chambers late Commissary to Genl Greens Division against
Col. Joseph Parker for ordering A Serjt And file of men to
whip Said Chambers, made the following Report Viz: —
As Col. Parker owns the fact the Court after hearing the
evidence produced by him in his defence are unanimously of
opinion, That however Negligent the Commissary might have
been in the Discharging of the duty of his department, yet
Col. Parker was by no means warrantable to inflict private
punishment upon him, that the punishment was Illegal & his
Conduct highly Reprehensible as being Subversive of Good
order and Discipline.
Such Brigades as Choose to have their flower baked in good
bread may have it done by Sending it with two Bakers from
their Brigades Respectively to Leonard Stone Burners next to
Chewshouse in Germantown where the Baker General will
Superintend the Work.
Novmbr 14th 1777
The Riding horse and wearing apparell of Majr White late
Aid-de-Camp to Genl Sullivan will be Sold to morrow at 12
OClock at Genl Sullivans Qrtrs.
THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qrtrs White March Novmbr 15th 1777
Major General for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier
Wayne, Field Officers Lt. Col. Gray Majr Slaughter, Brigade
Majr Alder, the detail the Same as Yesterday. — Hence for-
ward & untill further orders the Sick are to be Sent to Buck-
ingham meeting house, with A Suitable number of orderly men
to attend them ; the troops are to be immediately Supplied with
two days provisions exclusive of this day, one of which at least
to be Cook'd, no Officer or Soldier is to be absent from Camp
but ready for duty at A moments warning; No Scouting party
on any pretence whatsoever unless Sent for that purpose is to
Seize Horses, Cattle, or other property belonging to the Inhab-
itants under the plea of taking these things within the enemies
lines; — Great & erroneous abuses are Committed and Infringe-
ments, therefore A Disobedience of these Orders in either Offi-
cers or Soldiers will be punished with the utmost Rigor, Com-
plaint has been made of the Irregularities in point of time with
which the Horse mount Guard, the Commander in Chief
expects they will parade with more punctuallity for the future,
he also desires that the Cols of those Regts which have more
horses than men, would immedietly furnish by way of Loan
the others that are in want of Horses that men may be
mounted & the publick not unnecessarily burthen'd.
One Subaltern i Serjt i Corpl & 17 privates of the ist
Maryland Brigade, are to parade on the Grand parade pre-
cisely at 4 OClock this afternoon with their Arms &c to go
on detachment for A number of Days, Provision will be Sent
after them to morrow.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 245
Head Qrtrs White March Novr i6th 1777
Brigadier Smallwood, Field Officer Col. Fibiger, Majr
Skull, Brigade Majr Parker; Detail as Yesterday, A large
Quantity of Materials for Cartridges have been Issued & few
Cartridges Returned to the Commissary of military Stores ;
Returns are to be made to morrow afternoon by each Brigade
of the number of Cartridges in their possession, the Returns
are to Show the number in each Regt how many are in the
hands of the Soldiers, & where the residue are Deposited.
Novmbr i6th 1777
The Commandants of Regts are Requested to examine the
State of and have the arms in their Respective Regts put in the
best order, & make Returns of the number of Cartridges on
hand, & apply for orders on the Commissary of Millitary
Stores to Compleat 40 Rounds, & the Commandants of the
Militia in like manner to Compleat to 23 Rounds;
Weekly Returns have not been yet Generally Rendred; the
Officers are Required to make out lists of their Companies
Clothing 5c examine once or twice A week into the State of
the same to prevent the waste or Sale thereof agreeable to the
requisition of A Genl order issued on the I2th Inst; the Capts
of Militia Companies are to inspect frequently their mens
Cartridge Boxes, to prevent the waste or embezzlement of
the amunition. The Col. or Commandants will appoint an
Officer from each Regt to attend at the Clothier Genls at 10
OClock in the morning to Receive their proportion of Cloath-
ing which are to be distributed to morrow.
246 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qrtrs White March Novnbr 17th 1777
Major Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Scott;
Field Officers Col. Summers Majr Lidquish, Brigade Majr
from Genl Scotts Brigade, Detail the Same as yesterday 80
men with i Capt 4 Subs 8 Serjts & Corporals to parade at
I OClock this day to Relieve the Residue of the Guard, two
Brigades under marching orders not having Sent their Quotas
in the morning; Some Officers yet remaining untried & many
prisoners in the provost, Brigade Court martials are to be held
for trying them without delay.
No pass is to be given to anyone to go into Philadelphia, but
by the Majr Genl of the day, who will not grant them with-
out due examination & upon the most Necessary Occations; At
the Request of Col. Price A Court of inquiry is to Sit to in-
quire into his conduct on Sundry occations to morrow forenoon
at 10 OClock, at the Tavern next to Col. Biddies Qrtrs, all
persons who have any assertions or any Complaints to make
against him, or know any thing amiss in his past Conduct are
desired to appear & declare the Same before the Said Court;
Cols. Hartley, & Humpton & Lt. Col. Craig are appointed
members of this Court.
Col. Summers is appointed field Officers of the day for to
morrow in the Room of Lt. Col. Pope who is absent.
Head Qrs White March Novmbr i8th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Green, Brigadier from North
Carolian Brigade Field Officers Lt. Col. Patten, Majr
Vaughen, Brigade Majr Stodert, Detail the Same as Yesterday.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 247
The Goverment of Pensylvania having appointed Commis-
sioners in each County thereof to Collect Blankets & Cloathing
for the army; all Officers Sent Round in the State for that
purpose are by their Commanding officers to be called in as
Soon as possible with what Cloathing they have.
A Detachment equal to the Dailey Guard to parade tomor-
row morning at ^ past 3 OClock precisely on the Grand
parade, with one days provision Ready Cook'd the Brigade
Majrs will have their men drawn out at Retreat beating today,
& See that they are properly warn'd for that duty. Col. Joseph
Carvel Hall will Command the Detachment, & under him Lt.
Col. Burr & Majr Adams. The Remains of the late Capt.
Foster of the 15th Virga Regt will be interred this afternoon
at 4 OClock with the Honours of War, Richard Clayburn
Esqr. is appointed Brigade Majr to Genl Weedens Brigade &
is to be obeyed as Such.
Head Qrs Novmbr 19th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Woodford,
Field Officers Lt. Col. Woolford Majr West, Brigade Majr
Williams. The Pensylvania Field Officers are immedietly to
bring in their old Commissions & Receive new ones.
The Genl Officers are to assemble to morrow at 10 OClock
at Genl Huntingtons Qrs to Settle the Rank of the Field
officers of Horse, who are to attend this Board of Genl Officers
& exhibit their respective Claims — all the arms unfit for Service
deposited in the different Regts & Corps are to be Sent to the
Commissary of Military Stores who will have them Repaired.
248 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Head Qrs Novmbr 20 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Max-
well, Field Officers Col. Richardson Major of the 5th North
Carolina Regt Brigade Majr M Gowen, Lt. John Marshall is
by the Judge Advocate Genl Appointed D. Judge Advocate in
the army of the United States And is to be respected as Such,
James Munro Esqr. formerly appointed Aid-de-Camp to Lord
Sterling, is now appointed A. D. C to his Lordship in the
Room of Majr Wilcocks who Resighned the 20th Octbr & is
to be Respected as Such; Mr. Wm M Joy is appointed Pay-
master to the 9th Virga Regt & is to be Respected as Such.
The Clothier Genl has Received about 400 Blankets the Sev-
eral Brigades are to Send for their Quotas of them. Before
the Sick are Removed application is to be made to Doctr Coch-
ran or other Directors to the Hospitals for directions unless the
places where they are to be Sent are previously pointed out in
Genl orders; no more Sick men to be Sent to Buckingham
meeting house to take Care of the Sick; the Serjt & 12 men
are to parade at Doctr Cocharn's Qrs at Mr. Wests house
precisely at 4 OClock in the afternoon & apply to him for or-
ders; A Genl Court Martial of which Lt. Col. Barber was
president held the 15th Inst & proceeded to the tryal of Ens.
Clement Wood of the 4th Jersey Regt Charged with absenting
himself for upwards of 3 months from the Regt without leave
& also of Disobedience of orders, the Court determin'd that
Ens. Wood is Guilty of the Charge exhibited against him, that
he be dismissed the Service & that he Receive pay no longer
than the time he Received orders of Lt. Col. Brearly, which
was on the 4th Octbr 1777.
The Commander in Chief approves of the Sentence & orders
it to be put in execution immediately; A Genl Court Martial
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 249
of which Majr Genl Sullivan was president held the 3rd Inst
& divers other days to the 17th Inst inclusive for the tryal of
Majr Genl Stevens, charged with first Unofficerlike behaviour
on the march from the Clove, Secondly his unofficerlike be-
haviour in the Action of Brandewine & Germantown, thirdly
Drunkeness, the Court declare their opinion & Sentence as fol-
lows ; The Court having Considered the Charges against Majr
Genl Stevens are of opinion that he is guilty of unofficerlike
behaviour in the Retreat from Germantown, owing to inatten-
tion or want of Judgement & that he has been frequently In-
toxicated since in the Service to the prejudice of Good order &
discipline & Contrary to the 9th Article of the i8th Section of
the articles of war, therefore Sentence him to be dismissed from
the Service; they find him not guilty of any other crime he
was Charg'd with, & therefore acquit him as to all others ex-
cept the two before mentioned, the Commander in Chief ap-
proves the Sentence.
Head Qrs White March Novmbr 21st 1777
Major General for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Wayne,
Field Officers Lt. Col. Burr, Majr Adams Brigade Majr
Hitchcock, Detail the Same as Yesterday; Those paymasters of
Regts that have drawn pay for any Officer or Soldier in Col.
Morgan's Rifle Corps are immediately to pay the Sum over to
the Paymaster of that Corps; A Detachment of 80 men with
proper Officers are to parade at 3 OClock this afternoon on the
Complaints are made that by the Carelissness of the Butchers
the Hydes are greatly Damaged in taking them off, the Issuing
Commissaries are enjoined daily to inspect the Butchers they
250 THE ORDER BOOK OF
imploy & See that they take off the Hydes with proper Care
No more coming out of Philada is to be allow'd to pass the
first Guards without being told that they Cannot Return again,
if upon being inform'd of this, they chuse to come out, they are
to be permitted to pass the Guards into the Country, the Genl
of Horse will give this in Charge to all parties & patroles of
Horse. The Officers of the Day Report that Sentries from the
Picquetts keep fires by them, this dangerous practice is abso-
lutely forbid, And all Officers of Guards are without fail to
Visit all their Sentries between every relief to See that they are
allert & keep no fires, & in cold & bad weather they are to
Relieve the Sentries every hour, they are also to see that the
Sentries are well inform'd of their duty, & to instruct Such as
are deficient. — Advertisement Lost last evening near Col. Bid-
die's Qrs A pair of Seven barrel Silver mounted Pistols, the
locks on the tops of the Barrells, whoever will bring them to
Genl Waynes or Col. Biddies Qrs Shall Receive 8 Dollars Re-
Novmbr 2ist 1777
A Court of inquiry to Sit tomorrow morning at 10 OClock
in Such place as the president Shall appoint to enquire into the
Conduct of Lt. John Skinner, of the 7th Maryland Regt at the
battle of Brandewine And also into the behaviour of Lt. Jona-
than Morris of the Same Regt in the Action of Germantown
Majr Vaughan of the Delaware Regt President i Capt & A
Subaltern as Members. All persons Conscerned will give at-
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKIVOOD 251
Head Qrs White March Novr 22nd 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Small-
wood, Field Officers Lt. Col. Ford, Majr Lockart Brigade
Majr Barber; Detail as yesterday. The Genl Court Martial
of the line of which Col. Grayson is president is to Sit to mor-
row morning at 10 OClock at the house where Genl Hunting-
tons Qrs for the tryal of all prisoners which Shall be brought
before them, an orderly Serjeant from each Brigade to attend
the Court, Lt. Col. Heath, Lt. Col. Barker, & Majr Taylor
& A Captain from each Continental Brigade to attend the
Court as members all the Genl Officers present in Camp are
desired to meet at Lord Sterling's Qrs to morrow at 10 OClock
in the forenoon to Settle the Rank of the Field Officers of
Horse, who are to attend the board & exhibit their Respective
claims. The Brigades commanded by Genl Patterson, & Leon-
ard are to form A Division, under the Command of Majr Genl
the Baron de Kalb. The Horses taken yesterday by the Scout-
ing party commanded by Col. Bosrit, assisted by A party of
our light Horse, are all to be brought to the QRMGenls
Quarters tomorrow morning at 10 OClock, & Sold at Publick
vendue, the produce of the Sale is immediately to be divided by
the Quarter Master Genl Between the Captors.
Lt. Col. Smith will detach from the troops under his Com-
mand I Capt. 2 Subs & 50 Privates to be Ready to march this
afternoon precisely at 4 OClock with one days provisions
Cook'd, Capt Jarvis will Command the Detachment & apply
immediately to Col. Biddle Forrage Master Genl for A Guide
& further directions; A Subaltern of Horse with 12 Light
252 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Dragoons will parade at Col. Biddle's Qrtrs precisely at 4
OClock tomorrow morning, where orders will be Ready for
Novmbr 22nd 1777
The Division is to be Ready to march in the morning at
day light with such provisions as they have on hand, the tents
are to be left Standing, no Blankets are to be Carried, as the
troops will return again in the evening, as Soon as the Division
is form'd they are to march off from their left in Sub divisions
on the main Road leading to Germantown.
Head Qrtrs White March Novmbr 23 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Scott, Field
Officer Lt. Col. Powell, Lt. Col. Lytell Brigade Major Rid-
ley, — The Court of enquiry held the i8th Inst of which Col.
Humpton was President to inquire into the Conduct of Col.
Price of the 2nd Maryland Regt Report as follows Viz:
The Court after Considering the evidences against & for
him are of opinion that the Reports Circulating to the preju-
dice of Col. Price are without the least foundation ; The Genl
Court Martial of the line ordred to Sit today, is to Sit tomor-
row morning at 10 OClock, at General Huntington's Quar-
Head Qrtrs Novmbr 24th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier, Irvin,
Field Officer Col. Price Majr Polk— Brigade Majr Parker.—
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 253
Information having been given that divers of the late Sutlers &
Some of the Inhabitants have opened tipling houses in & adja-
cent to the Camp of the Army by which the desighn of ban-
ishing Sutlers from the Army is in a Great measure frustrated ;
The D QR Masters is required forthw^ith to make deligent
inquiry & examination in discovering Such houses & Suppress-
ing them, & assure all Such as have driven Such a pernicious
trade that if continued any longer their Liquors Shall be
Seized, & they expell'd from the Neighbourhood of the army
on pain of the Severest punishment if they Return. — The legis-
lative of New^ Jersey having made provision for Supplying
their troops w^ith Cloaths & Blankets, all officers Sent thither
for the purpose of Collecting Cloaths are by their Commanding
officer to be immediately recalled.
Camp White Marsh Novmbr 25th 1777
That the muster Rolls for the month of November be imme-'
diately made out, and Ready for the Muster Master by the
30th of this Inst. That each Commander of a Company have
a roll of the Necessaries each man is at this time possessed of,
& w^hat Quality, & that an examination into Such necessaries
be made at least once a Week.
Head Qrtrs White Marsh Novmbr 25th 1777
Majr Genl De Kalb, Brigadier Woodford, Field Officers
Col. Hanson, Lt. Col. Smith Brigade Majr Stodart.
For the information of the troops lately arrived in Camp,
the Genl orders issued Sometime Since is Repeated that Tattoo
is not to be beaten in Camp.
254 THE ORDER BOOK OF
White Marsh Novmbr 25th 1777
A Brigade Court martial whereof Col. Richardson is Presi-
dent, Consisting of 6 Captains & 6 Subalterns is ordred to Sit
this evening at 3 OClock on Lt. Skinner Charg'd with mis-
conduct in the Action of Brandewine, & on Lt. Morris Charg'd
with misconduct at the action of Germantown both of the 7th
Maryland Regt to morrow at 10 OClock the Said Court is
Required to proceed to the Tryal of all prisoners belonging to
this Brigade now under Confinement. Col. Gunby 2 Capts 2
Subs are to compose a Court of inquiry, to inquire into the
Conduct of Lt. Hilmot of the 3d Maryland Regt Charg'd by
Capt. Maxwell of the 2nd Jersey Regt with having possession
of A parcell of Sd Maxwells Baggage which never has been
rendred or Accounted for to him, this Court is to Sit at 3
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 26th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Maxwell,
Field Officer Lt. Malcom, Noah Cato Majr Brigade Majr
Paterson; — If any Gentleman of the Army can give informa-
tion to the General of Shoes, Stockings, or leather breeches in
Quantities he will be exceedingly oblidg'd to them, & will like-
wise be oblidg'd to any Gentleman officer for recommending
proper persons to be employed in Collecting those Articles.
General Smallwood & the Colonells of the Maryland Regts
are to meet to morrow morning at 9 OClock at Genl Small-
woods Qrs to state as far as they can the Rank of the other
Officers in those Regts & the dates which their Commissions
ought to bear, where there are Compositions for Rank among
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 255
the Cols they are to Settle their Claims; The money for the
payment of the Army for Septr is expected every moment, the
Regimental Paymasters are immediately to make out their ab-
stracts for Octbr & deliver them to the Paymaster Genl for
examination; As an alteration in the payment of Rations is
now under Consideration of Congress it is Recommended to
the Commanding Officers of Regts not to add their Ration
Accts to their Pay rolls untill the determination is known it
will be signified in Genl orders. The Paymaster Genl has
complain'd of the Slovenly careless manner in which Some
Captains make out their Pay Rolls; Regimental Paymasters
are not to Receive any but Such as is made out fair & agree-
able to a Coppy sometime Since given by the Paj^master Genl,
which the Regimental Paymasters are to furnish Such Cap-
tains; which have not already Received the Same; No Regi-
mental Paymaster is to leave the Service without first applying
to the Commander in Chief, or any new paymaster appointed
without his approbation.
Camp at White Marsh Novmbr 27th 1777
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial held this day
by order of Col. David Hall for Such Prisoners as may be
brought before them.
Cord Hazzard Capt. President
Lt. Quenouault ] | Lt. Bratten
Lt. Duff J 1 Lt. Jos Wilds
Prisoners Crime — Wm Howell of Capt. Hazards Compy
Confin'd by order of Majr Vaughen for abusing Serjt Thomp-
son, Pleads Guilty but says he was headdy, & was Rather rash
in contradicting Serjt Thompson; Evidence — Serjt Thompson
being duely Sworn deposeth that the prisoner yesterday evening
256 THE ORDER BOOK OF
on Parade was told by him to incline to the left & Join his
Compy he told him he would not, upon which the Serjt Shov'd
him in his place, the Prisoner then called him a Chuckleheaded
Son of a bitch, the Court after Considering the nature of the
offence And evidence, are of opinion that the Prisoner is Guilty
of a Breach of the 15th Artcle of the i8th Section of the Arti-
cles of War & do Sentince him to Receive 20 Lashes for abus-
ing the Serjt & 10 for being disguised in Liquor. John Blake
& Thos Giles Confin'd by Lt. Rhodes Blake for giving Giles
his Shirt & Giles for Selling it; Both pleads guilty but Blake
Sais it was A Shirt he brought from home with him & that he
had three more; the Court are of opinion they are Guilty of A
breach of the 3d Article of the 12th Sect, of the Articles of
War & do Sentence Blake to Receive 39 Lashes & Thos Giles
30 on the bare back.
The above Sentence approv'd omitting 24 of Blakes & 18 of
Giles. D H^LL
Col. D R
Head Qrs Novmbr 27th 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Patter-
son, Field Officers Col. Bailey Lt. Col. Cobb Brigade majr
Williams, A Detachment of 300 men to parade to morrow
morning on the Grand Parade precisely at half past 3 OClock
Col. Hall, Lt. Col. Craig, & Majr Taylor are appointed field
officers for the Detachment. A Detachment of 100 men to be
under the Command of Capt. M Lane are to Parade to mor-
row morning at Sun Rise on the Grand Parade with one or
two days provisions & Boxes full of Amunition they will be
absent from Camp one week near the Enemies lines.
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 257
White Marsh Novmbr 28th 1777
The Commandants of Regular & Militia Regts are requested
to Render Returns immediately of Such Arms & Accoutrements
as are wanting that they may be Supplied to morrow morning.
The Brigadier is sorry to find the Arms in Such bad order.
Novmbr 28th 1777
The Commanding Officers of Corps is to See that their mens
arms are in proper order that they be furnished with Cartridges
Sufficient to fill their Boxes, & that each Regt have in reserve
A Sufficient number of Cartridges to compleat them to 40
Rounds, Ready to be delivered at a moments Warning, the
Reserve Cartridges not to be deliv'd out without Special orders,
unless the approach of the Enemy is announced by three pieces
of Cannon from the Artillery Park, the Soldiers are to have
one days provision Cook'd by them from day to Day; the
Officers to be perticularly attentive to these orders, & see that
they are carried into execution. No Officer or Soldier to be
out of Camp upon any pretence whatsoever.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 28th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow De Kalb, Brigadier Learned, Field
Officers Col. Gunby, & Majr Hogg Brigade Majr M Cleave.
A Genl Court Martial held the 24th Inst of which Col. Gray-
son was President, Major Ross Charged with leaving his arms
in the field in the Action of the 4th Octbr near Germantown
258 THE ORDER BOOK OF
was tried & Acquitted with the highest honour ; the Commander
in Cheif approves the Courts Judgment, & orders Majr Ross
releas'd from his Arrest.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 29th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Sullivan, Brigadier Wayne; Field
Officers Col. Marshall Lt. Col. Caryle Brigade Majr M Clin-
ton — The Commanding Officers are to See that their mens
Arms are put in the best order possible, & the loaded Arms
Such as Cannot be drawn to be Discharged the first fair day at
II OClock in the fore noon, & them that can be drawn to be
drawn immediately, to prevent the want of lead the men of
each Regt or Brigade are to Discharge their pieces into A bank
of dirt from whence the lead may be taken again, A Court on
inquiry is to Sit tomorrow morning at 9 OClock at Col. Gists
Qrtrs to inquire into the conduct of Capt. Edward Scull of
the 4th Pensulvania Regt.
In ordering the Paymaster of that Regt. to pay Capt. Wicks
a Sum of money for A purpose Suggested to be Unwarrantable,
Col. Gist President of this Court, Lt. Col. Barber & Majr
Ross members; Col. Spencer is appointed President & Majr
Byard & A Capt of Col. Lees Regt members of A Court of
inquiry into the Conduct of Lt. Reynolds of Col. Malcolms
Regt for Abusing Danl Whesserly Esqr. & other persons on
the 2nd Augst last as exhibited in their Deposition.
Head Qrs White Marsh Novmbr 30th 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow Green, Brigadier Smallwood,
Field Officers Col. Coatland & Majr Smith of 5th Maryd
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKM'OOD 259
Regt Brigade Majr of Learnerds Brigade, Detail the Same as
yesterday, On the 25th Novembr the Honourable the Conti-
nental Congress passed the following Resolution, Resolved that
Genl Washington be directed to publish in Genl orders that
Congress will Speedily take into Consideration the merits of
Such Officers as have distinguished them Selves by their in-
trepidity & attention to the Health & discipline of their men,
& adopt Such Regulations as Shall tend to introduce order &
good Discipline into the army & to Render the Situation of the
Officers & Soldiers with Respect to their Cloathing & other
Necessaries more eligible then it has hitherto been; Forasmuch
as it is the indispensible duty of all men to adore the Superin-
tending Providence of Almighty God ; to acknowledge with
Gratitude their obligations to him for benefits Received & to
implore Such further blessings as they Stand in need of. And
it having pleased him in his Abundant Mercies ; Not only to
Continue to us the innumerable bounties of his Common Provi-
dence, but also to Smile upon us in the prosecution of Just and
present War, for the Defence of our infallable Rights, & Lib-
erties, Its therefore Recommended by Congress that Thursday
the 1 8th day of December next be Set apart for Solemn thanks-
giving & praise ; that at one time & with on one Voice the
Good People may express their Gratefull feelings of their
hearts & Consecrate themselves to the Service of their Divine
Benefactor, & that together with their Sincere Acknowledge-
ments & offerings they may Join their penitent Confession of
their lives, & Supplications for Such further Blessings as they
Stand in need of ; The Chaplains will take proper notice of this
recommendation that the day of Thanksgiving may be duely
observed in the Army Agreeable to the Intention of Congress;
The Regimental Paymasters are to Call upon the Paymaster
26o THE ORDER BOOK OF
Genl & Receive the pay for the month of September, those who
have delivered in their abstracts for the month of October, may
Receive for that month also.
Camp White Marsh Novr 30th 1777
Proceedings of A Regimental Court Martial of the Del.
Regt Commanded by Col. David Hall & by his order.
Capt. John President.
Lt. Rhodes | j Lt. Brown
Ens. Berry j | Ens. Campbell.
The Court having met according to order proceeded to Buis-
ness, When Martenius Sipple of Capt. Mores Compy was
brought before them Charged with abusing Serjt Johnston
when he ordered him on duty; prisoner pleads Guilty; And
says it was A private of the Same Compy which he was abusing
& not him. Evidence — Serjt Johnston being duelv Sworn de-
poseth that in the morning as usual he went to turn out the
men for Picquett of Capt. Moores Compy at which time the
prisoner was Sitting at A fire at his tent doc re, he asked the
prisoner why he did not repair to the parade, and if he did not
hear the Serjt Majr calling for the Picquett, that the Prisoner
made no answer to this, that he called him again & Asked him
why he did not come along to which he Replied as the Serjt
pass'd him, Go along you yellow Son of A Bitch ; The Court
asked the deponent if he firmly believed that the prisoner in-
tended the Abuse for him ; Answr — He is not Certain, but un-
derstood it so at that time Evidence — Benjamin Modey Pri-
vate of Capt. Moores Compy being duely Sworn Deposeth that
he heard the Prisoner & Wm Ploughman of Sd Compy dis-
puting & that the prisoner repeated the words. Yellow Son of
A Bitch but does not know whether he intended it for the
CAPT. ROBERT KIRK WOOD 261
Serjt or Plowman; The Court having duely Considred the
Crime & evidence & are of opinion that the abuse was meant for
Ploughman & not for Serjt Johnston, & are farther of opinion
that he is Guiltj' of A Breach of the ist Article of ye 7th Sect,
of War, & do Sentence him Agreeable to Sd Article to ask
pardon of the party offended in presence of his Commanding
Officer. Cornelius ]VI Glaughlen of Capt. Learmonth's Compy
brought before the Court, Charged with Neglect of duty &
drunkeness ; Pleads not Guilty, but says he was A little Groggy
but not so as to Render him unfit for duty; Evidence — Capt.
Hugh Kirkpatrick waggon Master being duely Sworn De-
poseth that he ordered the Prisoner to go for his Waggon
which was at the Wheel-Wrights to be mended, but found him
So drunk that he was uncapable of doing it; Ques. — Did he
Refuse to obey your orders, Answr — No but I Judged it would
be unsafe to Send him in the Situation he appeared to be in, &
farther Says he had no further Complaint against him Since
he has been under his Care but that of Drunkeness.
The Court having duely Considered the Crime & Evidence
are of opinion he is Guilty of A Breach of the 5th Article of
the 17th Section of War, & do Sentence him to Receive 39
Lashes on his bare back well laid on the Court from the Age
of the Prisoner & at the Request of the Waggon Master Rec-
ommend him to mercy —
The within Sentence's approved & Cornelius M Laughlen
being Recommended to mercy by the members of the Court is
Col. Delaware Regt
262 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Decembr ist. The Court met according to Adjournment
& Reasumed the tryal of Wm. Peat when Ens. Hosman took
the place of Ens. Berry, as member of Said Court; — The
Prisoner being brought before the Court pleads not Guilty;
Capt. James Moore being duely Sworn Deposeth that after the
Prisoner Returned from the Fort he applied to the Paymaster
for A months pay but was Refused in Consequence of Capt.
Moores requesting him not to let him have it, that the pris-
oner then Came to this Deponent & asked him in A Verry
abrupt manner if he did not intend to let him have any more
money, upon which he told him to Remember the Contract he
had made with his mistress (To Wit) that half his pay was
to be Stop'd for her use, & that he had Received his whole
pay in the Deponents absence for which Reason he Stopp'd his
pay at present, that the prisoner in an angry manner that if
that was the Case he would Stay no longer in the Company,
but would go into the Artillery upon which the Deponent
having A Stick in his hand Said that if he did not go about
his buisness he would beat him, & that if he wanted to go into
the artillery he would See to the placing him there (but in a
tone that the prisoner could not understand for his assent)
that Some time after the prisoner again mentioned his desire
to the Deponent of going into the Artillerj^ upon which he
told the prisoner that he must be Sensible he had used him
Verry ill, upon which the prisoner told him he had not before
Rightly understood how much of his pay was to be Stopp'd
that the Deponent then told him, that if he went to the artil-
lery he would Receive no more of his pay than if he Staid,
that it would be Still in his hands & that he would Retain one
half for the use of his Mistress, & farther told him to be con-
tent & let him hear no more of it, upon which the prisoner
went away contented as this Deponent thought, that in a Day
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 263
or two after this Deponent was informed, that the Prisoner
had taken all his Cloaths & gone to the Artillery, upon which
he Sent for him & put him under Guard ; EvroENCE — David
Miller Drummer being duely Sworn Deposeth that the Pris-
oner came into his tent & took up his Kanpsack with his
Cloaths & Said he would not Stay any longer in the Com-
pany, that he had not been used well, & would go into the
Artillery upon which he went ofE. — Evidence — Serjt Pharis
being duely Sworn, Deposeth that Ens. Berry Sent Serjt John-
ston to look for the Prisoner & the Deponent went with him,
that they found the prisoner with the Train Standing at A
fire, that they ordered him back to his Regiment, that the
Prisoner Refused & began to abuse the Serjt upon which the
Deponent Struck the prisoner with A Switch he had in his
hand, that the prisoner then made an attempt to Seize a pole
at which time the Serjts laid hold on him & brought him
of¥; — The Court having duely Considred the Crimes & Evi-
dences are of opinion that the Prisoner is Guilty of A breach
of the 2nd Article of the 6th Section & 5th Article of the i8th
Section of War & do Sentence him to Receive 100 Lashes on
his bare back with the Cat of Nine Tails well laid on.
D. Regt Presdt
The Above Sentence is approved & ordered to be put into
execution at Retreat Beating. j^^^ Vaughan
Majr D. Regt
Head Qrs White March Decmbr ist 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Ervine,
Field Officers Col. Wilson & Lt. Col. Stodard; Brigade Majr
264 THE ORDER BOOK OF
M Gowen, Detail as yesterday Mr. Robt Duncan is ap-
pointed Paymaster to the 4th North Carolina Regt & is to be
Respected as Such ; A Genl Court Martial is to Sit to morrow
morning at the Tavern next to Col. Biddies Quarters for the
tryal of all Such Prisoners as Shall be brought before them;
Col. Ogden is appointed President, Lt. Col. Syms, Majr Wal-
lace, & Majr North i Capt from the ist & 2nd Pennsylvas
Maxwells, Conways, Woodfords, Scotts, Poors, Pattersons &
Learnerds Brigades, are to be members of this Court; the
Officers are to make out their Muster Rolls to the first of
December immediately, the term of time for which they are
Inlisted in every muster Roll, the Non effective are not to be
inserted A Second time Officers must pay A Strict attention
to the orders, which have been Issued respecting this part of
Head Qrs White March 2nd Decmbr 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow De Kalb, Brigadier Mulenburgh,
Field Officers Col. Bradford Majr Thomas; Detail as yester-
day: Returns are to be made out early tomorrow morning of
all Officers & men in the Several Brigades & Corps who have
not had the Small Pox ; Every Col. or Officers Commanding
Regts or Corps to make out A Return to the Paymaster Genl
of every Paymaster that has belonged or done duty as Such
in Regiments, or Corps, the place of their abode & ye time
when they left the Service.
Advertisement A young likely Bay mare. Some Cloaths &
linnen the efifects of the late Lt. Col. Smith will be Sold to
morrow morning at 10 OClock, in front of Genl Scotts Bri-
gade; — After Orders Decmbr 2nd 1777 When the alarum is
given by firing three guns, the whole Baggage & provisions of
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 265
the Army, tents included to be put in Waggons, & immediately
march the following Roads Viz, The right Wing of both
lines, by the North Wales Road & the Road by Edgers mill
& proceed to the 24 mile Stone on those Roads, unless further
orders are Received ; The left Wing by the two Roads lead-
ing from the left of the army into the old York Road, at 13 &
15 mile Stones untill further orders; — Whether the alarum is
given or not, the whole Army is to be under Arms at daylight,
when the lines will be properly formed by their Respective
Friday December 5th Struck tents about 4 OClock this
morning & Sent the Baggage away March'd about 8 OClock
in the evening about one mile to our left & took Ground to
our allarum post at the foot of a hill opposite a paper mill &
lay under arms this night, Monday evening the 8th the Enemy
retreated into Philadelphia, Thursday nth December, at 4
OClock this morning Struck tents & March'd to Matsons
Ford on Schuylkill & there cross'd the Bridge being 8 miles
Recross'd it again & in the evening march'd about 4 miles &
incamp'd on a hill opposite to the Swedes ford in all 12 miles,
Friday 12th March'd about sun set cross'd the Bridge at Mat-
sons ford & encamp'd on a Hill near the Gulph mill in Ches-
ter County being 6 miles.
Head Qrtr's Gulph Mill December 13th 1777
Maj'r Genl for tomorrow Green, Field Officer Col. Fibeger
Majr Miller Brigade. Majr MClare, The Officers without
delay are to examine the Arms & Accoutriments of their men
& see that they are put in good order, Provisions are to be
266 THE ORDER BOOK OF
drawn & Cook'd for tomorrow & next day, a Gill of Whiskey
is to be issued immediately to each Officer Soldier & Wag-
goner, the weather being likely to be fair the tents are not to
be pitch'd, but the axes that are in the Waggons to be Sent for
without delay that the men may make fires and keep them
selves Comfortable for the ensuing night — The Army is to
march precisely at 4 OClock to morrow morning, an Officer
from each Regt is to be sent forth with to the encampment
on the other side Schuylkill to Search that & the Houses for all
Straglers & bring them into their Corps, all the Waggons not
yet over are to be sent for & got over as soon as possible.
Mr. Archibald Read is appointed Pay Master to the 8th
Pennsylvania Regt & is to be respected as such.
The Officers who go from the Division to the old encamp-
ment on the other side Schuylkill are to examine all houses
for Sick, & impress Waggons to Convey them to Reading Send-
ing a CarefuU Officer with them.
Head Qrtrs Gulph Mill Deer 14th 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow Lord Sterling, Brigadier Wood-
ford, Field Officers Col. Biglow Brigade Majr McClintic,
Col. Steward is appointed Field Officer of this day in the room
of Col. Fibiger absent: Details for guard the same as yester-
day, only Genl Weedens, Learneds, Nernons and Scotts Bri-
gade, Give Capts in room of those who furnished them yester-
day, the Guards parade at 3 OClock Delawares to furnish
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 267
I L, 2 S, 2 C, 24 P for Guard, the Regts of Horse are to draw
Provisions from any issuing Commissary laying most Conve-
nient to them upon proper return thereof, Such Baggage as is
not absolutely Necessary for the troops, and all Commissaries
& other Stores to remain on this side the Gulph.
Head Qrtrs Gulph Decembr 15th 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow Marquis La Fait, Brigadier
Maxwell, Field Officer Col. Swift Lt. Col. Wozinbuk Brigade
Majr from Larnerds Brigade: Detail of Guards to morrow
morning at 9 OClock, the same as this day, only the ist &
2nd Maryland Brigades 2d Pennsylva & Maxwills furnishes
Capts instead of those Brigades which gave them to day, A
field Officer of each Brigade to Inspect immedietly all the men
of this Brigade now with the Baggage, & take from thence
every man who is fit to duty in the lines; Majr Snead is until
further orders to take Charge of the men left for the Baggage
Guard, & report any left Contrary to orders.
Head Qrtrs Gulph Decembr i6th 1777
Majr Genl for to morrow DeKalb, Brigadier Nernom,
Field Officers Col. Brook Majr Gitmore Brigade Majr
McGowen : In an order the supplies of Clothing Imported by
the Honble the Congress, they have earnestly recommended to
the several States to exert their utmost indeavours to procure
all kind of Cloathing for the Comfortable Subsistance of the
Officers & Soldiers of their respective Battalions, & to appoint
one or more persons to dispose of Such Articles to Officers &
268 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Soldiers at Such reasonable prices as Shall be best by the Clo-
thier Genl or his Deputy & be in just proportion to the Wages
of the Officers & Soldiers, Charging the Supplies of the Costs
to the United States Congress have also resolved that all
Cloathing hereafter to be Supplied to the Officers & Soldiers
of the Contenental Army out of the Publick Stores of the
United States, Beyond the Bounties already granted shall be
charged at the like prices, the supplies to be refunded by the
United States. The tents to be Carried to the Encampment of
the troops & pitched immediately.
Head Qrtrs Gulph Decembr 17th 1777
Majr Genl for tomorrovi^ Sullivan, Brigadier Huntington,
Field Officers Col. Chambers Col. Carleton, Brigadier Majr
Day. The Commander in Chief with the highest Satisfaction
expresses his thanks to the Officers & Soldiers for the Forti-
tude & patience which they stand the fatigue of the Campaign,
although in some instances we have unfortunately failed, yet
upon the whole Heaven has Smiled upon our Arms & Crown'd
them with Signal Success, & we may upon the best ground
conclude that by a Spirited Continuance of the means Neces-
sary for our Defence, we shall finally gain the end of the
Warfare Independent Liberty & peace, these are blessings
worth Contending for at every Hazard, but we Hazard noth-
ing to power of America alone, duely exerted would have noth-
ing to fear from the force of Great Brittan, yet we Stand not
alone on our own Ground, France yields us every aid we ask
& there reasons to believe the period is not verry far distant
when she will take A more Active part by declaring War
against the British Crown, every motive therefore immediately
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 269
obliges may command us to affirm a manly perseverence in our
opposition to our Cruel oppressors to slight difficulties indure
hardships & contemn every danger. The Genl ardently wishes
it was in his power to conduct the troops into the best Winter
Quarters but Where are they to be found Should we retire
into the Interior parts of the States we Should find them
Crowded with Virtious Citizens who Sacrifised their all left
Philada & fled there for protection to their Distress humanity
forbids us not to add ; this is not all, we Should have vast
extent of fertile Country to be Spoiled & ravaged by the
Enemy, from which they would draw large supplies, & where
many of our friends would be exposed to all the miseries of
insulting & wanton depredations, a train of evils might be
enumerated but these will Suffice, the Consideration will make
it, indispensably necessary for the Army to take Such position
as will enable most effectually to prevent distress & to give
the most extensive security, & an inposition we must make our
Selves the Best Shelter in our power with Activity & diligence
huts may be errected that may be warm & dry. In these the
troops will be Compleat & more Secure against Surprise then
if in Divided States and at hand to protect the Country these
Cogent Reasons has determined the General to take post in
the neighborhood of this Camp, & influenced by them he per-
suades himself, that the Officers, & Soldiers with one heart &
with one mind will resolve to remount every difficulty with a
fortitude & patience becoming their profession, & the Sacred
cause in which they are engaged he himself will pertake of the
hardships & likewise of every inconveniency. To morrow being
the day set apart by the Honble Congress to publick Thanks-
giving & praise, duty calls us' devoutly to express our gratefuU
acknowledgments to God for the manifold Blessings he has
granted us, the Genl directs that the Army remain in its pres-
THE ORDER BOOK OF
ent Qrtrs that the Chaplains preform Divine Service & ear-
nestly excites all Officers & Soldiers, vv'hose absence is not
indispensably necessary, to attend with reverence the Solemnity
of the Day.
Head Qrtrs Gulph Deer i8th 1777.
Majr Genl for to morrow Green, Brigadier Smallwood,
Field Officers Lt. Col. Carson Lt. Col. Sproat Brigade Majr
Hitchcock. Persons having passes from Majr Jno. Clark are
to pass all Guards the Commander in Chief approves the fol-
lowing Sentences of A Genl Court Martial held the 22nd
Octbr last, where of Majr North was President Viz. Adju-
tant Walston of the ist Pennsilva. Brigade charg'd with mak-
ing a false return & Signing it, & with ungentelman like beha-
vour. Disobedience of orders, & leaving his Arrest; by the
Unanimous opinion of the Court was found guilty of making
a False return, contrary to the first Article of the 5th Section
of War & Sentenc'd to be Cashier'd, Jos. Cann Qr Mastr of
ye 1st Pennsylva. Regt charg'd with disobedience of orders, &
neglect of duty, & fraudulent Conduct was acquitted of the
Charge of Fradulent Conduct, but found guilty of Disobedienc
of orders & Neglect of Duty, & Sentenc'd to be discharged the
Service — The Majr Genls & Officers Commanding Divisions
are to appoint an Field Officer in & for each of their respective
Brigades, to Superintend the Business of Hutting agreeable to
the Directions they shall Receive, and in addition to these
Command'g Officers of Regts is to appoint an officer of each
Regt which Officer is to take his orders from the Field Officer
of the Brigade he belongs to, who is to mark out the respective
Spots, that every Hutt for Officers & Soldiers is to be plac'd,
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD 271
as that uniform may be observ'd ; an exact return of all Tools
in the hands of every Regt is to be made immediately to the
Qr.M. Genl who with the Adjt Genl is to see that they are
to gether with those in Store duty Justly allow'd to Regimental
Officers of the Work, Who are to keep an exact account of the
mens names into whose hands they are Plac'd that they may
be accountable for them, Superintendents and overseers will be
exempted from all other duties & will moreover be allow'd for
their trouble, the Col. or Commandts of Regts with their Capts
are immediately to Cause their men to be divided into Squads
of 12 men, & see that each Squad has their proportions of tools,
& set about A hut for themselves, & as encouragment to indus-
try & art the Genl promises to Reward the party in each Regt
which furnishes their hutt in the Quickest & most workman
like with 12 Dollars, and there is Reason to believe that boards
for Covering may be found Scarse & difficult to be had, he
Offers 100 Dollars to either Officer or Soldier who in the
opinion of three Gentlemen he shall appoint, as Judges, shall
Substitute Covering that may be Cheaper & Quicker made &
will in every respect answer the end ; Plan for the Construc-
tion of Hutts dimensions 14 by 16 Foot Sides Ends & Roof
made of Logs, the Roof made light with Split Slabs, the Sides
made tight with Clay; the fire places made of wood & Secured
with Clay in the Inside 18 Inches thick, this fire place to be
in the rear of the hutt, the door to be in the end next the Sreet
— the door to be made of oak Split Slabs unless boards Can be
procured, Side Walls 6^^ feet high, the Officers Hutts to form
a line in rear of the Whole ; One hut to be allow'd each Genl
Officer, one to the Staff of each Division, one to the Stafif of
each Brigade one to the Field of each Regt one to the Staff of
each Regt, one for the Commsn'd Officers of two Companies,
& one to every 12 men non Commiss'd Officers & Soldiers.
272 THE ORDER BOOK OF
Saturday 20th Decmbr. This morning at 4 OClock our
Division march'd tinder the Command of Brigadier Genl
Smallwood to Dilworth town in Chester County being 25
Dilworth Town Deer 20th 1777
The Commissaries to furnish one days provisions to the
Division immediately, & to provide another days for tomorrow
at Such place & time as will be pointed out to them in the
morning, they will also provide Liquor for the troops, the
alarm post to be in line of the Camp fires, the troops to march
at 4 OClock precisely, 5th Maryland Regt. Such as are in
uniform to Compose the advance Guard, follow'd by the Artil-
lery & the Main body, the rear Guard to be taken from 4th
May. Regt & D. R 50 men from each Regt i Capt. 2 Subs.
Serjts & Corpls.
Monday 21st. March'd this morning to Wilmington Del-
aware State and there took up our Quarters (I hope for this
Winter) being 12 miles. »
Wilmington Delaware State Decmbr 21st 1777.
Division Orders by Genl Smallwood.
The Commissaries to Supply the troops with one days pro-
vision immdeiately, & one Gill of rum pr man, & provide Whis-
key to serve one Gill pr man tomorrow morning and one days
provision only, & to provide Stores of every kind Necessary in
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKJVOOD 273
their department without delay to support the troops in the
most Comfortable manner, the forrage masters Likewise to
provide Forrage for the present, & endeavour by every means
in his power to lay in the Supplies Necessary, the Regimental
Qr Masters are immdeiately to procure all the Pick Axes,
Spades & Shovels in the town for fatigue duty; Picquett 2 C,
4 L, 8 S, 8 C, 100 P with Intrenching tools to parade at the
Bridge properly Officer'd for fatigue duty, the Officers will
prevent their men from Injuring or disturbing the Inhabitants
Regimental Qr Masters to provide wood for the Barracks, A
Field Officer from each Regt to report Such Houses as are
proper for Barracks by 5 O Clock.
Two Field Officers for Picquett to attend at 4 OClock.
THE ORDER BOOK OF
Marches made by the Delaware Regt.
THIS Campaign From May 17th to De-
CEMBR. 21ST, BEING THE TIME WE CaME
INTO Winter Quarters
S cs in
O J3 O
17th & 1 8th. 1
From Philadelphia to Trenton
From Trenton to Princetown .
From Princetown to Rockey hill
From Rockey hill to Corryells Ferry on the
From Corryells ferry to Flemington
From Flemington to Sowerlands Mountain.
From Sowerland Mountain to Rocky Hill. .
From Rocky hill to Brunswick . .
From Brunswick to Sampton ....
From Sampton to Lincoln Hill .
From Lincoln hill to Morristown
From Morristown to Pumpton . .
From Pumpton to Ramapaugh Clove r9 ^
From Ramapaugh Clove to New Windsor
From New Windsor to New borough,
Higher up the river and opposite Fish kill
From New Borough Cross'd the North River
being two miles to Fish Kills Landing, then
march'd to Fish kill Town which is 5 Miles
from the Landing
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
2 1 St.
2 1 St.
From Fishkill to Peekskill
From Peekskill on the North Castle
From thence to Cortlands Mannor. .
From Cortlands Manor to Kings Ferry
From Cross'd the North River to Hav-
erstraw ferry & March'd one mile ^ fe
From thence to Cackyatt S '^
From thence to Perramus U
From thence down the Psaic River 3 Miles
below^ Acquackanack Bridge
From thence to Springfield
From thence to Quible Town
From thence to Bond Brook
From Bond Brook to Vealtown
From Veal town to Hannover
From Hannover to Elizabeth town Point. ..
From Elizabethtown point Cross'd the Rar-
ington River on to Staten Island
Recrossed the River & came to Spank-
town. ^ I
From Spank town to Springfield • • • • '^ ^
From Springfield to Spicatua -a (5
From Spicatua Brunswick % '^
From Brunswick to Princetown | g
From Princetown to Trenton ;j ^
From Trenton Cross'd the river Delaware
THE ORDER BOOK OF
From Bristol to Philadelphia . . .
From Philada Cross'd Schuylkill
From Schuylkill to Chester
From Chester to Wilmington
From thence to Chadds Ford
From Do to Chester
From Do to Schuylkill
From Do to Germantown
From Do to the Sign of the Buck on ye Lan-
From Do On the Same Road Do
From Do to Yellow Springs
From Do About 3 Miles beyond French
From thence to Reading Furnace
From Do to Richardson's ford
From Do to the banks of the Schuylkill
From Do to Faulkners Swamp
From Do to Parkaoming Creek
From Do to the Skippack Road
From Do 3 miles lower down S'd Road
From Do to Germantown
From Do Back to our last encampment
From Do Parkaoming Creek
From Do to the Skippack where we was en-
camp'd 3 days
CAPT. ROBERT KIRKWOOD
S c3 tn
From Do on Said Road within 15 Miles of
From Do to White Marsh
From Do to Mattsons ford then to Swedes
From Do Cross'd Schuylkill to the Gulph
From Do to Dilworths town
From Do to Wilmington to Winter Quarters
Under the Command of Brigadr Genl
The Scouts & Marches made at Different
times to the Enemies lines & Returning
again are not included ; this is only the dif-
ferent places we have Encamp'd in.
By ROBT KiRKWOOD
Capt D. R