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Full text of "The journal of the Rev. Francis Asbury, bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church, from August 7, 1771, to December 7, 1815"

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TH£ 



JOURNAL 



OF TBS 



REV. FRANCIS ASBURY, 

BISHOP 



OF 



FROM 

AUGUST 7, 1771, TO DECEMBER 7, 181i. 

ndHflii 

VOL.n, ' V-: •::!• :: ; 

•FROM JULY 15, 1786, TO NOVEMBER '^^ 1§00. r- V; V 



;i^MW'FORK: 

PUBUSHXD BT IT. BAKfiS ASp T. MASON FOR THS MBTH0DI8T 

KPis^oPAL $;hvrch. 

^knluun Paul, Priater, 183 Watw-StrMt. 

1821. 



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PUBLIC UBR^RV 
562801. 

TILBtK fOUKDXT;#l« 
MM II II n- iiiw ■<■ ■»■ 



* BE I^ HEJffEMJlBR^iy.JtoA} ^n th« tfairtieih day of AptU. in the forty-fifth year of the lode* 
pendeo«e qf the United StatfeOe^AiQerica, JV. Bangs and T. JUaton, of the said district, have de- 
posited ip'thisCb^tj^ tfie«tjil«of B4>ook, the right whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the worda 
foUo^of , 5© wit ;•••-:>, ; 

«*Th'e Joftftrtil*»^tl»ek?R.ef. Francis Asbarr, Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, from 

• •' A1^u^7, 1J271, t^ December 7, 1815. In three rolumea** 

inccifbxfi^^ ih'itii/(ci of ttie Congress of the United States, entitled *' An Act for the Encou- 
raAni%nt«f Li<uufti^^Jl7*seci(ingthe Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books to the Authors and Pro- 
prietors of such Copies* Builil^ the times therein mentioned." And also to an Act entitled "An Act 
supplementary to an Act entitled. An Act for the £ncourap;ement of Learning, by securing the 
Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times 
therein mentioned, and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of Designing, Engraving, and 
Ktching historical and other Prints." 

G. L. THOMPSON, 
Clerk of the Southern District of JVca-York, 



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THE 



OE THE 

REV. FRANCIS ASBURT. 



Mi 



LARYL AND.— Sunday, July 15, 1786. I rest from riding. 
Preached on " Who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to 
come?'' I had sweet communion with God in the woods — ^my soul 
bath rest in the Lord. 

Monday 10. Came to Old Town, and preached on 1 Tim. i. 15. ; 
and administered the sacrament. 

Tuesday 11. I rested to look over some papers and prepare some 
parchments. Spent nearly a third of the day in prayer, that the Lord 
would go with me to the springs. O what hath God .wrought for 
brother Jacobs and his wife since I lodged with them four years ago ! 
I believe from that day the Lord heard our prayers for them. 

There has been a remarkable storm of hail at, and about the 
warm springs, by which great damage, has been sustained : some of 
the hail, it w£ks said, measured seven inches in circumference. 

Virginia. — Tuesday 13. I came to Bath ; the water made me sick. 
I took some pills and drank chicken-broth, and mended. I am ill in 
body, and dispirited. 1 am subject to a headach, which prevents my 
reading or writing much, and have no friends here ; but I desire to 
trast the Lord with all my concerns. Having no appointments for three 
weeks to come, 1 have concluded to stay here awhile ; and I am the 
more inclined so to do, as I am apprehensive my stomach wants all 
the healing efficacy of the waters to restore it to its proper lone. 

Sunday 16. I had some divine assistance in speaking to the people 
under the trees, on *< Lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God." 
In the afternoon 1 enlarged on " Having the form of godliness, but 
denying the power thereof. 

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. Quite weak, and considerably 
affected by the water. 

Vol. II. 1 



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2 hev. FRANCIS asbury's journal* [17fi6. 

Thursday 20. I am better. Employed in reading Mt. Harvey, and 
Brooks's Practice of Physic ; more than ordinary in pr^iyer, and spoke 
iu pubhc every other night. 

Sunday 30. I spqke plainly and closely in the playhouse on ** Oh ! 
nricked man, thou shalt surely die.'* The people were serious : I 
cannot get the people to attend preaching except on the Sabbath : 
this evil is to be remedied only, I presume, by our getting a preach- 
ing-house, and preaching therein by candle light. 

Saturday, August 5. I began to pack up, in hopes of moving on 
Monday. 

Sunday 6. I had a serious, little congregation in the country. • Re- 
turned to town, and preached at four o'clock. 

A pleasing thought passed through my mind ; it was this, that I was 
saved from the remains of sin ; as yet, I have felt no returns thereof. 
I was solemnly impressed with the account af the death of poor 
Styor, a German, who dropped down suddenly and died. He was a 
man of piety, and had a gift to preach ; had a noble spirit, and sound 
judgment. I have spent twenty-three days at this place of wicked- 
ness (Bath.) We are trying what can be done towards boildiog a 
bouse for worship : we collected something on the Sabbath for that 
purpose, and it appears the business is entered upon with spirit -My 
horse was running in the pasture last week, and hurt himself, so that 
I find him utterly incapable of travelling, and that I am compelled to 
linger here another week ; this, as it is, I am willing to do, for the 
sake of the people, the cause of God, and my health ; and I am dis- 
posed to consider it a providential call, altiiough I should not remain, 
was my horse able to carry me away. I sent brother B. to my ap- 
pointments, and directed him when and where to appoint for me. My 
hopes revive here, and I trust my labour is not all in vain. 

Tuesday 15. I preached for the last time during this visit, but the 
people showed but little affection for the word. 

Capon River being full, 1 crossed in a canoe, and found my horse 
better. The cut was a deep one, but we applied a piece of bacon to 
the wound, bound some leather round it, and on Thursday 1 took my 
departure from this unhappy place. 

Came io my old friend B. Boydstone's. I had the happiness of 
seeing that tender woman, his wife, who careth for the preachers as 
for her own soul : full oft hath she refreshed my spirit : her words, 
looks, and gestures, appear to be heavenly. Here 1 could make no 
stay, lest I should miss my appointments in Philadelphia ; and if so^ 
be too late for those made in the Jerseys and New- York. 



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i7&S.J REV. F&ANCIS ASBUAT'S JOURNAL. 3 

MAAVhAffiy^-^Sandaj morning. Rode twenty miles to Pipe«Creek 
chapel} and preached to a large congregation. 

Monday 21. Reached Mr. Gougb's, where I spent two days : the 
weather was very warm ; but for one hundred miles and upwards I 
have had it sufficiently agreeable. 

Came to Abingdon — Our college is still without a coyer, and our 
managers, as 1 expected, almost out of breath. I made but little stay, 
but hasted on to Philadelphia, and arrived there on the twenty-sixth, 
Saturday. „ 

New-Jersey.— Monday 28. I came to Trenton ; and thence pro* 
ceeded on to Brunswick. I was accidentally, or rather proTidentially, 
favofired with a ride in a carriage ; else, I know not how I should 
have proceeded on my journey. I reached New-York on the thirty, 
first of August, having travelled three hundred and fifty miles since I 
left Bath, in Virginia. 

New-York* — I was taken ill, and was confined about eight days, 
daring which time I was variously tried and exercised in mind. I 
^pent some time in looking over my Journals, which I have kept for 
fifteeo years back : some things I corrected, and some I expunged. 
Perhaps, if they are not published before, they will be after my 
death, to let my friends, and the world see how I have employed my 
thae in America. I feel the worth of souls, and the weight of the pas- 
toral charge, and that the conscieDtious discharge of its important 
duties requires something more than human tearniiig^-inrnrtelcly mda* 
ries, or clerical titles of D. D. or even bishop : — the eyes of ail — 
both preachers and people, will be opened in time. 

Saturday, September 17. It was a very solemn season at the 
ordination of brother Dickens to the eldership. I gave the charge 
from 1 Tim. iii. 10, 14. In the afternoon [ preached to the people 
from these words, '* Pray for us ;'' and in the evening from ** The 
world by wisdom knew not God : it pleased God by the foolish- 
ness of preaching to save them that believe.^' I met the Society, 
and opened my mind to them on Various subjects- 
Tuesday 20. I rose with a sense of God upon my soul. 

I hare been a little grieved with letters from ' ■ : but it is in 
vain to look for more than ,man m the best of men : my witness is on 
high ; and I shall have respect to my Great Shepherd in all things. 
After preaching on '* The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the 
love of God," &c. and settling some temporal matters relative to the 
support d* the stationed preachers, I lefl the city and came to Eliza- 
betbtown : at seven o'clock I preached and had much liberty. 

New JERSEY-^Friday 21. We dined at Amboy, and reached Mon- 
mouth at nigh. 



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4 REV« FRANCIS Anbury's journal. [1186. 

Saturday 22. I preached with life and love at Leonard's : the 
people here appear very lifeless. I have lately been much, tried asd 
much blessed; 

Taesday 26. I had roaoy to hear at Potter's church, but the pea« 
pie were insensible and unfeeling. 

Wednesday 27. I met with brothers P— s and Budd ; we tailed 
over the bay to the sea, for the benefit of the air. 

Thursday 28. Since this day week we have rode about one hun- 
dred and fifly miles over dead sands, and among a dead people, and a 
long space between meals. 

Friday 29. I preached in a close, hot place, and administered the 
sacrament ; I was almost ready to faint. I feel fatigued and much 
dispirited. We lodged at Freedom Lucas's, near Batskow, an honest- . 
hearted man. We shall see whether he will continue to be the 
same simple-hearted Christian he now is, when he gets possession of 
the estate which, it is said, has fallen to him in England. , 

New- Jersey. — Sunday, October 1. We had a very large congrega- 
tion ; to whom I enforced ** Look unto me, all ye ends of the earth, 
and be saved." 

Cape-May. — We stopped at the Cape. — I find there is a great 
dearth of religion in these parts ; and my spirit is clothed in sack^ 
cloth before the Lord. 

Tuesday 3. At P. Cresey's we had a few cold hearers — the glory 
' is strangely departed. 

Thursday 5. There are a few pious souls at Gough's ; but here 
also there is an evident declension. My soul is under deep exer- 
cise on account of the deadness of the people, and , my own want of 
fervour and holiness of heart. 

Friday 6. At Morris-River church I was warm and close on / 
*• Lord, are there feyv that be saved ?" The people were attentive 
to the word. 

Sunday 8. At New-England Town we had a small house and large 
congregation ; I had liberty in preaching on <* By grace are ye saved 
through faith." Thence I proceeded to M — 's, where I had poor 
times. Next day I felt quite unwell for want of rest, so annoyed 
were we the night before. 

Thursday 12. I was shut up in speaking on 1 Cor. i. 30. At Mar<- 
frey's we had many dull, prayerless people. We came to the widow 
Airs's ; the mother and daughters are serious, and the son thought- 
ful. The weather is oppressively warm, and 1 feel weary and faint. 
I was much shut up at Bethel on 1 Pet. iii. 18. Three times have I 
been here^ and always straitened in spirit. 



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1786.] REV. FRANCIS asbttry's jovrral. 5 

Saturday 14. Came to Sand-Tovrn : the weather very warm, aad 
the people dull : I admiDistered the sacrament, and rode away to 
Cooper*s ferry, where we left our horses and crossed to the city : 
^Philadelphia) here I found brother Wbatcoat, with whom 1 took 
sweet couDsel. 

Pennsylvania. — Sunday 15. I had some energy in speaking, and 
at sacrament. In the afternoon it was a feeling time on ** The Lord 
will give grace and glory." 

New- Jersey.— Monday 16. Rode to Holly, where I preached on 
** Come, ye blessed of my Father,^' &c. — and then at New-Mills on 
*^ Suffering affliction with the people of God." 

At Burlington 1 enlarged on, <' Neither is there* salvation in any 
other," &c. — these are not a zealous people for religion. 

Pennsylvania. — Wednesday 18. We returned to the city of Phi- 
ladelphia. Next day I preached, and was close and pointed. 

Friday 20. I was led to treat on the sufferings of God's people ; as 
entirely distinct from those they endure in common with ether men, 
and certainly unavoidable by all who are really alive to God. I found 
it necessary to change some official men ; and to take proper steps in 
preparing to defray our church debt, which is now £600. I gave 
them a sermon on *' By this shall all men know that ye are my disci- 
ples, if ye love one another." 

Sunday 22. In the afternoon I left the city, and preached in the 
evening at Chester. 

Delaware. — Monday 23. I rode forty-five miles to Dickenson's, 
in the Delaware State. Preached at Little-Creek, and then rode 
five miles to Dover, and preached in the court-house. I bless God 
for peace of mind, and communion with him. 

Sunday 29. 1 had many to hear at Dover, and had power and liberty 
in spieaking on Gal. i. 5. : we also had a good sacramental time. In 
the afternoon I sppke on the latter part of my text — how and what it 
was to suffer according to the will of God. Thence to Thomas 
White's, where I was closely employed. 

Sunday, November 5. 1 preached ^t Cambridge on *' We preaclr 
Christ crucified," &c. little light, and less heat. I was blessed in my 
own soul, and had liberty in preaching at M*Keels's in the afternoon, 
where there is some revival among the people. 

Thursday 9. I rode to Mr. Bartholomew Ennalls's ; the notice was 
short, and the congregation small ; the word, neverthelesa, reached 
some hearts. I crossed at Vienna, a dead and dark place for religion. 

Friday 10. We had more than 1 expected of hearers at Quantico 
chapel. Thence I went to Wycomico- River, and lodged at Captain 



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6 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRIT's JeVRNAI.. [I786u 

CoGOway^, where we met with a kind reoeptioD. I feel the need of 
being more than ever given up to God. I preacbed in Cartis's chapel t 
oar loye-feast was lively : several holy women spoke of the perfect 
love of God. 

Sunday 12. According to the custom of the place> I preached ta 
accommodate them ; my subject was Joshua liv. 8. 

Monday 13. I had about &fty hearers at Myles's chapel, where I 
preached a funeral sermon on Ezek. xxxvi. 26. 

Tuesiky 14. i crossed Pocomoke-River, and had soaie^enlarge- 
ment in preachiug at Melvin's. 

Virginia. — Thursday 16. Rode to Paramore'^. The winter comes 
on apace. I am at thnes beset with temptation ; but sin is as hateful 
to me as ever. 

Friday 17. The weather was cold and rainy, so that there were 
but few people at the widow Burton's ; among these there were some 
who enjoyed, and others panting after, the perfect love of God. 

Sunday 19. I rode about twenty miles through the rain to Garrett- 
son chapel, where about fifty whites, and as many blacks met me, to 
whom I preached with liberty. 

Monday 20. 1 rode about forty -five miles ; and on Tuesday preached 
at Snow-Hill to about one hundred people. Here I visited seme 
prisoners under sentence of death; they were sunk down witli feat 
and horror. 

Delaware. — Friday 24. My soul has peace under sore temptation* 
I want to live from moment to moment under a sense of God. 

Saturday 25. We had a coH, long ride to the sounds On Sunday 
we had an open house, and the weather was very cold; but my 
preaching was not all in vain : I spoke from these words, ** I wilt 
give them a heart of flesh." 

Monday 27. 1 rode thirty miles to Lewistown, very unwell. I 
preached at Shankland's, and the people were serious, but I was 
compelled to cease from speaking by a violent pain in my head, ac- 
companied by a fever. 

^ Tuesday 28. I preached in the court-house at L^wistown, and I 
trust the word went with some weight ; the congregation was large. 

Maryland. — I attended a quarterly meeting at William Frazier's, 
where I rested from travelling two days ; the first day I spoke on 
<' Fight the good fight of faith ;" and on the second, " Look unto 
me, all ye ends of the earth, and be saved." ^My soul was blessed, 
although our meeting was cold ; and our dwelling-bouse crowded with 
a dozen preachers, besides others. 



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JI&64] RE;yt r&4J»ci8 asbv&v's jouehtal* 7 

Sonday, D^iieaiber a. Preached at Tackahae chapel oo ** I'hese 
•haligo away iato everlasttog panifthiiieiit^ bat the lighteona into life 
fefc^nml." I spoke agaia at widow Lyder's at foar o'clock* 

Monday 4. I rode to the bay-side throogh sdow and hail, and met 
•koal one hundred people : this we owe to the revival of religion 
among them. ./ Onr return thence was throogh heavy roads. I stop- 
ped in my way at H. Banning's, whose wife felt conviction under my 
preaching three years ago. 

TuesdiTf 5. I had afew people at BoUngbrook, and spent the even- 
iBg with Colonel Borckhead, who wants to know the Lord ; he opened 
his mind to me with great freedom and tenderness. Brother White 
says that five hundred souls have joined society in this circuit (Tal- 
bot) this year ; that half that number profess to have found the Lord ; 
and more than one hundred to have obtained sanctification ; good news 
this if true. 

At Barratt's chapel there was some move during the course of the 
quarterly meeting, especially at the love-feast. 1 rode in the even- 
ing to Dover^ and preached on ** so is every one that layeth up 
treasure for himself, and is not rich towards God." 

Friday 15. We had a heavy ride to queen Anne's chapel. I did 
sot arrive there until near two o'clock. My soul melted for back- 
ilidecs. I was much led out on Hos. xiv. 14. ; and hope it will never 
be forgotten. We dined, and then rode to Newtown by sunset. 
. Sunday 17. A day of rest to my souL I preached, and adniinisier- 
ed the sacrament in Newtown. They have a comfortable house for 
worship here, especially in the winter. Came to Worton chapel, 
and had some life in speaking to a few people. 

We waited at the widow Frisby's for a boat to cross the Chesa- 
peake bay ; but none was to be had. We rode round the head of 
Elk River, and crossed the Susquebannah : we came in, after riding 
that evening in the rain and snow, with the wind in our faces, about 
twenty miles. 

Maryulnd. — Thursday 23. Reached the college ; and on Friday 
went to Baltimore, where 1 was in great haste to settle the business 
of the book concern, and of the college. 

Saturday 25. We. called a meeting of the trustees, formed our 
oonatttution, and elected new members. 1 preached twice on the 
Sabbath, and ordained Woolman Hicksou'and Joseph Cromwell to the 
eldership. 1 met the trustees and. adjusted the accounts. We find 
we Ime^ expended upwards of £2000 ; we agreed to finish two 
rooms, and to send for Mr. Heath for our president. On Tuesday I 
left town, and came to Annapolis about seven o'clock. Finding my 



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8 REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. [1787. 

, appoiDtmeftts were not made, I determined to direct my course 
towards Alexaadria. The Lord has been powerfully at work at An- 
napolis since I was here last Autumn : twenty or thirty whiter aad 
some blacks ha?e been added to the society. 

Virginia. — I reached Alexandria, and on Saturday, preached in 
the court-house on '' If we suffer, we shall also reign with him." 

January 1, 1787. Preached at brother Moss's on 2 Chron. xr. 12, 
13. on the people's entering into covenant with God. 

Tuesday 2. We rode near fifty miles on our way to Westmoreland ; 
next day, by hard riding, we came to Pope's, in Westmoreland ; but 
I hare not been more weary many times in my life. 

Saturday k Sunday. Attended the quarterly meeting in the North- 
ern Neck : there were many simple and loving testimonies delivered 
in the love-feast. 

Thursday 1 1. Rode through the snow to Fairfield. Here a Capt. 
R. had turned the people out of the barn in which worship was held, 
and threatened to take brother Paup to jail if he did not show his 
authority for preaching ; after all this vapouring of the valiant Cap* 
tain, when the affair was brought before the court, Captain R — 
found it convenient to ask pardon of our brother, although he sat 
upon the bench in his own cause : — so the matter ended. The Lord 
is at work in the Neck : more than one hundred have been added to 
the society since conference, who are a simple, loving, tender people. 

We bad a good time on Friday the 12th ; I spoke on Acts xxvi. 
18. 1 think Grod has spoken by me to S — s, a wild man— but the 
Lord can tame him : O Lord, speak for thyself! 

Sunday 14. We had a crowd at the Presbyterian meeting-house 
in Lancaster, to whom I delivered a very rough discourse : it was 
a close and searching time, and we had many communicants, both 
white and coloured. 

Tuesday 16. Preached at the church on the love of Christ. I find 
it hard to the flesh to ride fifteen or twenty miles every day and 
perform the duties of my station ; especially when indisposed and 
suffering therefrom the bodily pain incident thereto. Lord, give me 
patience ! I feel uncommon affection for the people here. 

Wednesday 17. 1 had a crowd of careless sinners at Mrs. Ball's, 
who is a famous heroine for Christ. A lady came by craft and took 
her from her own house, and with tears, threats, and entreaties urged 
her to desist from receiving the preachers, and Methodist preaching ; 
but all in vain. She had felt the sting of death some years before, 
and was a most disconsolate soul ; having now found the way, she 
would not depart therefrom. 



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17d7-} ABV. F&AHCI8 ASBURY's JOURnW 9 

Thursdqj 18. Roile ten miles, to the«ferrj ; bot being iiiiable to 
cr4i88) I returned to Mrs. B.'s : next mormng I came away before 
4ay9 and reached Shackford's. 

Saturday 20. Preached at Douglas's — very low in body and spirit. 

Sunday 21. & Monday 22. Cold times in religion in this circuit, 
(Gloucester) compared with the great times we have had in Lan- 
caster. 

Tuesday 23. Came off early, and preached in Yorktown to some 
well-behaved women. Dined with Mr. Mitchell, and went on to dear 
brother Weidon's, whose heart and hands were open. 

Wednesday 24. According to appointment, I attended at Williams- 
burg. 1 had about five from the country, and about fifteen hearers 
from the town, besides a few blacks and children. I spoke with free- 
dom on " They made light of it." I returned through the rain, but 
hope to receive no harm. 

" He guards our souls, he keeps our breath. 
Where thickest dangers come : 
Go, and return ; secure from death, 
Till God commands thee home. 

. Friday 26. We waited four hours in the rain before we could 
qwHB the ferry at Old Jamestown ; it was two hours after night when 
we came to brother MoringSw 

Tuesday 30. We held a quarterly meeting at Craney Island ; iht 
weather prevented many from attending. I was blessed in the com- 
pany of the preachers. 

Wednesday 31. I enlarged on " What shall the end be of them 
who obey not the Gospel of God ?" I observed to them that the Gos- 
pel had oAce been taken away from them ; and that they ought to 
lay it seriously to heart, lest it should be the case again. We had 
some quickening in the sacrament and at the love-feast. Thence I 
went through Portsmouth, and preached on ** Ye are now returned 
to the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls." 

Saturday, February 3. Visited my old friend Fullford : he is fee- 
ble in body, and not much at ease in his worldly possessions, yet 
happy in God. 

Brother Poythress frightened me with the idea of the Great 
Swamp, the east end of the Dismal ; but I could not consent to ride 
sijtty miles round ; so we ventured through, and neither we nor our 
horses received any injury.—Praise the Lord ! — Our passing unharm- 
ed through such dangers and unhealthy weather, feelingly assures me 
that I am kept by the immediate interposition of His providence 

Vol. II. 2 



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10 , &EV* FRANCIS ASB9Rt'6 JTOQRViUn {MB7> 

I.|WdftG]iied in. the new chapel. — 1 hope not in vain. I 9111 im>w snt- 
Eoaaded with watera, and hideoas swamps, near the head of Pasqoo* 
thnk- River. 

NoatTH Carolina^ — Thursday 9. Came on, wet and unwell to 
Froby's. 

Wenton toNixontoD, where I had many to hear, and was blessed in 
my own soul, and, I think, spoke to the cases of some of my audteoce. 

Friday 10. I had a long ride of nearly fifty miles to Gates county. 
We stopped at one Newby's, one of the society of Friends, who en- 
tertained us kindly. We reached sister Gibson's, cold and weary. 
The poor fiesh complains, but my soul enjoys peace and sweetness. 

Sunday 11. We had a large congregation, and an open time at 
Knotty-Fine chapel. — Here we have a little revival. 

Tuesday 13. I had about sixty people at Wicocpn : I spoke as I 
felt on Jer. xiii. 11. I mourned over the people and left them. 

I came to Hardy's, where I Spoke with some light on Matt. xxii. 5. 
I unhappily ran a splinter into my leg which has alarmed me. 

I found we had to go twelve miles by water, and send the horses 
another way. O what a world of swamps, and rivers, and islands, 
we live in here ! I met brother B — and A — ; two devoted young 
men ; the former, a native of Maryland ; the latter of Virginia, ^t 
(he desire of several < of the brethren I preached at Washington, 
where many collected in the court-house, whom I addressed on my 
favourite text, 1 Tim. i. 15. Three miles on the water, and riding 
three more on roads under the water, (such is the inundated state of 
the country,) made our jaunt unpleasant. 

Thursday 22. We set off for Newbern. Stopped at Kemps- 
Ferry* kept by Curtis, where we were kindly entertained, gratis* I 
feel heaviness through labour and temptation, yet I am given up 
tp God. 

Friday 23. I arrived at Newbern^ I felt the power of death as I 
journeyed along. We rode round the town, and could get no certain 
information about preaching, brother Cole being absent. We were 
at last taken in at Mr. Lathrop's. The place and people were in 
such a state, that I judged, by my own feelings, it would be as well to 
leave them just as I found them — and so 1 did. 

Tuesday 27. It was rather a dry time at the love-feast and sacra- 
ment. There was some life and melting while I enforced ** Look 
uuto me, and be ye sayed, all ye ends of the earth." We then rode 
to H '^s on Island Creek. I went alone into the woods, and had 
sweet converse with God. At night we were poorly provided agamst 
the weather ; the house was unfinished ; and, to make matters worse, 



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1787.] HfcT. F&jLirCIS ASSURY's JOVRNAI^. 11 

9 faoKse Ucfced the door open, and I took a cold» and bad the toolhaeh, 
with a high fever. 

Thursday, March 1. I had more hearers, and they were more 
attentive than I expected : 1 trust it was a profitable time. Rode to 
brother Johnsou's — without the labour of slaves he manages to have 
abuDdance for man and beast. 

Tocf&day 6. My horse is stiff, and almost foundered, and there is 
ad appearance of a swelling on his head. I have always had hard 
struggles to get to Cbarieston — Lord, give me patience, and bear 
me up ! 

Wednesday 7. Crossed the main fork of Black-River, and came 

through a wild country to Colonel R ^'s : the Colonel's wife is a 

tender, devoted woman. 

Thursday and Friday 8, 9. Directed our course to the south : crossed 
Cf^e FeaJr, and reached Drowning-Creek. Rested a day at W— '«, 
a Idnd people, but without religion. 

South Carolina. — Sunday It. Preached at Robinson's new court- 
house. Rode in the evening to M — 's. Crossed Little Pee- Dee ; 
stopped at S — 's ; ate a morsel, and came on to Buck Swamp. 

Thursday lb* Preached at the new church at S — 's : here I 
heard that Doctor Coke was in Charleston. Proceeded thence to the, 
widow Port's, where I had much ado to prevail on brother H. to 
stay. 

We rode nearly fifty miles to get to Georgetown. Here the 
scene was greatly changed : almost the whole town came together to 
bear the word of the Lord. 

We arrived in Charleston, and met Doctor Coke. Here We have 
already a spacious house prepared for us ; and the congregations are 
crowded and solemn. 

Sunday 25. I enlarged on, '< I had rather be a door-keeper in the 
house of God, than to dwell in the tents of Wickedness ;" at night 
again on Isai. xlv. 22. We held our conference in this city. 

Tuesday 27. We exchanged sentiments on matters freely. 

Wednesday 28. The Doctor treated on the qualifications and dutieis 
of a deacon. 

Thursday 29. Our conference ended, 

Friday 30. I left the city, and rode thirty miles, although my 
horse had been injured by over-feeding. Next day I rode forty miles 
through the rain, and begged a lodging with Doctor W. 

Sunday, April 1. We came to Santee Ferry, and there was such 
aa overfipwiog of water in our route that we had to swim upon our 



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12 RET. FEAHCIS ASBURT's JOURNAL. 

hones several times : mj horse performed so well that I was not 
wet moch higher than my knees : that day we rode thirty miles, and 
the next day fifty miles, and came to Moore's. Here we met with 
brother R. Swill, who had been near death, bat then was recoTering : 
we advised him to go with as for his life. The people here begio 
to feel, and yield to the power of truth. 

Wednesday 4. At Camden I preached on *^ They made light of 
it :" thence we rode on to qaarterly meeting, where 1 met with a 
maltitade of people who were desperately wicked — ^bat God hath 
wrought among them : we had little rest by day or night 

Friday 6. Rode forty miles to preaching at Jackson's ; and then to 
brother Pace's. 

Saturday 7, and Sunday 8. Attended Anson quarterly meeting, in 
North Carolina : the Doctor preached on the love of Christ, and I 
on '* the grace of God that bringeth salvation ;" sacrament followed. 

From Saturday to Saturday, I have rode about three hundred miles, 
and have preached only about half the time : O may the Lord seal 
and water his own word, that all this toil of man and beast be not in 
vain. 

Tuesday 10. The Doctor and myself preached to a few simple 
people at W.'s, I hope not in vain. At our next meeting we ha# 
many hearers. We have scarcely time to eat or sleep. 

North Carolina. — Thursday 11. I preached at Salisbury. After- 
ward rode to Huggins's, where we had many hearers, and a meltiag 
among the people. 

Good-Friday, 12. I was much led out at Caton's. Thence to 
M'Knight's chapel, where we found a living people. 

Saturday 13. We hasted to C — ^y church, where we had many peo- 
ple : after riding twenty-two miles, we had another meeting about six 
o'clock; and about midnight got to bed. 

Sunday 15. Rose about six o'clock, and went to Newman's church, 
where the Doctor and myself both preached : the people were rather 
wild, and we were unwell. I came to Arnat's about eight o'clock, 
having rode forty miles : the Doctor went by Dick's ferry, and did 
not get in until near midnight. 

Monday 16. Rode to Jeremiah White's, and on Tuesday about fifty 
miles to Page Mann's, in Charlotte county, Virginia. 

Virginia. — Wednesday J 8. Rode to Rough-Creek. On Thursday 
the 19th, our conference began at William White's. We had much 
preaching, morning, noon and night; and some souls were converted 
to God. 



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REV. FRAKCIS ASBUKT's JOtRHAL. 13 

Saturday 21. I gave them a discoarse od Jer. iii. 15. " And I will 
give you pastors accordiog to mine heart." 

Sonday 22. The Doctor spoke on the qualifications of a deacon ; 
and I gare them a charge. Some said there were three thousand 
people to hear : it was a solemn, weighty time. 

Monday 23. We called at Hampden and Sidney college, in Prince 
Edward : the outside has an^ unwieldy, uncommon appearance, for a 
seminary of learning ; what the inside is, I know not. The presi- 
dent, Mr. 1. Smith, is a discreet man, who conducts himself well. 
About half past eleven o'clock we reached John Finney's, in Amelia, 
having rode about sixty miles. I want to live more constantly in the 
spirit of prayer. 

Wednesday 26. Preached atj. A.'s, and then rode to Manchester, 
where I preached again. The Doctor preached in Richmond. 

Thursday 2C. Went onwards to the north. We have made it a 
point to pray in the families where we lodge, whether public or pri- 
vate ; and generally where we stop for refreshment. 

Saturday 28. At night the Doctor preached in Alexandria ; and 
again on the Sabbath morning, to many hearers. We were kindly 
entertained on Sunday night at S. Turner's, near Bladensbnrg, Mary- 
laBd, and on Monday reached Baltimore about noon. 

Maryland. — ^We had some warm and close debates in conference ; 
but all ended in love and peace. AAer much fatigue'and trouble, our 
coaference ended on Monday the sixth of May. We went forward 
to Perry Hall. Thence we went to Cokesbury ; drew a deed for 
the conveyance of the property of the college, and settled our tem- 
poral matters, there. 

Wednesday, May 8. Many attended at Elkton, and we were received 
bj[ the Rudolph family with great respect. 

Thursday 9. We attended at Wilmington at noon ; and at Chester, 
at night. 

Friday 10. We reached Philadelphia, where the Doctor preached 
that, and the following evening. >Ve spent the Sabbath in the city, 
and on Monday came to Trenton, where we found a lifeless peodfe. 

New-Jersey. — Tuesday 14, The Doctor preached with life it the 
Episcopal church at Elizabethtown, and we had a good time. 

New-York.^ — Wednesday 16, Arrived in New- York and rested. 
On Friday, Saturday, Sanday, and Monday, the Doctor preached with 
great energy and acceptance. 

Tuesday 16. After long silence I preached on "For Zion*s 
sake I will not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not 
rest." 



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14 WV* rvLAtuci^ Awmv*9 j^^val. [1787. 

Bode twenty miles on Loiig-hland, ta Hemfiateaidl Harbour, and 
preached with some liberty in the erenii^. I am now out of the 
city, and have time to reflect : my sonl returns to its rest» and to its 
Isboor ftr soids, in which I can live more bj role. 

Tbarsday 18. I roae ?ery sick — ^felt solemn and devoted to God. 
I preach^ in ^ paper mill on *< If any man wiU do his will be shall 
know of the doctrine whether it be of God.'' 

I preached at Uoscheto Cove, where many attended notwithstand- 
ing the rain : there was a power went with the word. 

Saturday 26. Rode to — — : our friends had procured the Pres- 
byterian church for me. I felt a sfnirit of life on these words, " Be 
ready to gi?e an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the 
hope that is in you." I called to sq^ my old friend and asslslant, 
James GIaisbrook> who was the first preacher I travelled with upon 
a regular appointment in England. He is now a Presbyterian minis- 
ter ; much changed in his outward man, but 1 believe his sentiments 
are much the same as when I first knew him. The Lord be with, 
and bless him ! 

Sunday 27. I came to Harper's, where we have a little, new house, 
and about thirty members : I hope, and expect, in a few years, to 
see a circuit of siit weeks formed here, and four or five hundrefl 
members in society. The people on this island, who hear the Gos- 
pel, are generally poor, and these are the kind I want, and expect 
to get. 1 have had great assistance and freedom in speaking. 

Monday 28. Game to York — Preached at night on " They that 
are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh, and they that are 
after the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.'* I found it necessary to 
stop brother Hickson from going to Nova Sotia : brother C— * is mar- 
ried, and I expect brother Jessop will go alone. 
' Tuesday 29. I delivered a close and awful discourse on " They 
shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, 
and from the south, and sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and 
Jacob," &c. 1. A scriptural view of the kingdom of heaven. 2. 
The subjects or citizens thereof. 3. Sit down with Abraham, famous 
for &th ; Isaac for justice, truth, meditation, and walking with God ; 
and Jacob, mighty in prayer. I was in prayer until near midnight. 
O Lord make me all life and love ; patience and resignation under 
the troubles of the church and disappointment of its ministers. 

Sunday, June 3. I had a gracious time on 2 Cor. iv. 1, 2, 3, 4. 
Ordained £. Cooper a deacon. In the afternoon my soul had peace 
whilst I enlarged on Matt, xviii. 15. to the end. 



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I>7i7.] Mxw. FHAircia jlsbvat's jovrkal* 1^ 

. Taeidiiy 6. Preadied on «' No man faaviD^ pnt hit baid te tte 
plo^h,^nd loeksog back, k fit for the kingdom of hearen*" 1 felt 
£reedotk and poorer in apeaking. 

Wednesday 6. Met leaders aod trustees, and after «ome etf^a- 
tioa, settted matters relative lo singitig in public worsbvp. I j^each- 
ed at tbe poor-ho^e on ** Wbosoeyer shall call ott Hie name of the 
Lord shall be saved." My soul^ has peace. I keep myself busy in 
Tisitiftg the families 6f the society, or the sick, or meeting class, if 
some other bnttoess dees not call me. 

Sunday 10. I had ^some life in preachixig on Ltike ir. 18. and in 
tbe aflerhoou on ** I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and 
earth because thou hast hid these things from %he wise and pru- 
dent," &c. 

I left the city in great union with the Lord and with tbe ch«HM:h. 
My soul is variously exercised : I want the country air, ^nd to live 
more in the spirit of solitude and of prayer. Came to Eagt-Chestor 
and preached in the shefU of the new church on ^' To-day if ye will 
hear his voice, harden not your hearts ;" the power of tjfod was felt. 
I came to the widow Bartoe's, where I lay sick fifteen years «^, and 
was treated with the greatest tenderness ; may tbe Lord reward them 
441 a hundred fold, and convert tbeir souls ! 

Tuesday 12. i found it the same at New-Rochelle town as in 
times past : will it always be so ? — ^If there is no change I shall 
trouble them no more. In the afternoon I rode to C — 's, where I 
laboured many years ago, and there is some fruit remaining to 
this day* 

Wednesday 13. We had a long and warm ride to North-Castle. 
Here a multitude were gathered together, to whom I spoke in an 
orchard on '^ Him hath God exalted with his right-band to be a 
Prince and Saviour, to give repentance unto Israel, and remission of 
»ns." I was quite un well, /atn^ yet pursuing. 

Rode to R-p-'s, of the society of Friends, who received us with 
great love. 

At H — 's a multitude came Iq hear, whom I exhorted to *' Seek the 
Lord while he might be found." 

I was happy in being alone. I poured out my soul to God for the 
whole work, and the dear people and preachers of my charge. My 
body is weak— my soul enjoys peace. I have power over all sin, and 
possess a spirit of prayer and watchfulness : I feel myself dead to all 
below, and desire to live only for God and souls 

Friday 15. I preached to a listening multitude at Peekskill ; and 
was alarming and ctose on << By grace ye are saved through faith." 



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16 ftcr« FRARCIS ASBVRY's JpURKAI.. [1787. 

I thought there were do people here of spiritoal understandiDg ^ bot 
I was iDformed, to my comfort, that a number of siii^ple-hearted peo- 
ple had formed themselves into a society for prayer : perhaps 
these will be some of the first-fruits in this place. 

Saturday 16. Rode over the mountain, and was gratified with the 
sight of a remarkable recess for the Americans during the last war : 
the names of Andre and of Arnold, with which misfortune and trea- 
chery are so unhappily and intimately blended, will give celebrity 
to West-Point, had it been less deserving of notice than its wonder* 
fol appearance really makes it. It is commanded by mountains 
rising behind, and appears to be impregnable : there are block- 
bouses on the east ; and on the west, stores, barracks, and fortifica- 
tions. From West-Point we crossed a high mountain, and came to 
Newburgh. 

Sunday 17. In the love-feast, sacrament, and public exercises, we 
were employed nearly seven hours: there was some life in the 
love-feast, but the congregation appeared very little moved under 
preaching. " 

Monday 18. I presume I had nearly seven hundred hearers at 
Allen's, to whom I spoke with some power on Luke xi. 13. I bap- 
tised several adults, and some children ; and came to W 's, and 

baptised others. Thence to Mr. Ellis's, whose wife (a dutch lady) 
entertained us liht a queen. 

I visited Colonel P , supposed to be at the point of death : 

after close examination, I administered the sacrament to him. 

New-Jerset. — Wednesday 20. I came to Warwick, where I sup- 
pose not less than a thousand people were collected : I was very 
low both in body and spirit, but felt stirred up at the sight of such 
a congregation, and was moved and quickened while I enlarged on 
Gal. i. 4. r baptised some, and administered the sacrament to many 
communicants. 

Thursday 21. A multitude attended at B 's, in a barn. Here 

God hath wrought a great work for a poor, blind, ignorant people* 

Friday 22. I preached at the stone church, afler riding upwards of 
thirty miles : we then rode until ten o'clock in the night through a 
heavy rain. I was much tried in body and mind : I had nothing to 
eat but a little bread and milk, and that made me sick. 

Saturday 22. We had a good time at Sweezy's. After administer- 
ing the sacrament, we had another long ride after night. 

Sunday 24. I preached in the woods to nearly a thousand people. 
I was much oppressed by a cold, and felt very heavy in body and soul. 
Like Jonah, I went and sat down alone. I had some gracious feeKngi 



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1787.] IIEV. FlURCIS ASBURY^S JOURNAL. 17 

ifi the ssicrament-— others also felt the quickeoiDg power of God. 
I haptisred a number of idfants and adults, by sprinkltDg aod by im- 
mersion — I felt my body quite weary in, but my spirit not of^ the 
wonk of God- 
Tuesday 26. Preached at W. Wallace's to a dull, contracted 
people. Since last Mooday two weeks, I hare rode about three 
hundred and fifty miles. 

FEKNSTLYANiir. — Woduosday 27. We had a warm ride through 
a fertile, pleasant country to Trenton ; and on Thursday the 28th 
to Philadelphia. Here I found T. V. had scattered firebrands, and 
thrown dirt to bespatter us. 

Friday & Saturday 29, 30. Taken up in writing letters, packing 
up books, and begging for the college. 

Sunday, July 1. Preached three times in the city of Philadelphia 
^-^On Monday 2. to a few simple-hearted souls at Radnor. 

Tuesday 3. We had a flat time at the Valley. 
. Wednesday 4. We had a few feeling souls at Uchland-^after- 
ward went to Covontry Forge. 

Saturday 7. I had some energy in preaching to a few people at 
Morgans-Town. 

^ Sunday 8. Preached at Evans's, Rich-Land^— a poor people for 
region : I hope, nevertheless, that God will visit them. 

Monday 9. Preached at I. Miller's, who has a pious wife. 

Friday 13. We rode to Hagerstown ; and found it a journey of 
about fifty miles : we and our horses were weary enough. I was 
sorry to hear that the people came twice to hear me last year ; 
and the lameness of my horse caused me to disappoint them. 

Saturday 14. At five o'clock in the evening the court-house was 
opened ; a few of the great and many of the poor attended, to 
whom I spoke with divine assistance. I preached again on Sunday 
at eleven o'clock. 

I find T. V. has misrepresented us as having cast ofi* Mr. Wes- 
ley, making this a plea for his re-ordination. 

Virginia.— -Monday 16. Set out for the springs. — In the first 
.place we missed our way ; then my baggage horse ran back two 
miles — I was tried not a little. — O, how sad the reflection, that 
matters trifling as these should make a person so uneasy. We 
reached the springs about seven o'clock. I preached the two fol- 
lowing days with some satisfaction. By advancing nine pounds, for 
nails and planks, I engaged brother Eaton to have our chapel co- 
vered by the first of August. ^ 

Vol. H. 3 



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It RBV» FRANCIS ASBVHY'S iOVtOIMii* [17t7; 

MAitTi.AifD.-^Fridtty 90. W* kad a hcaty rid« to Old Town : 
we met with a kind reeeptioD ; and bad a remiag seaflon ki tho 
fiusily. 

Saturday 21. Was a day of rest to my Boal aad body. Preaahed 
on Cant. iv. 16. 

Sunday 22. We had sacrament attended with tome power in Ike ^ 
evening. 

Tuesday 24. There was to faaf e been great ddings i^ Cimiber- 
land, but Mr. B — , a minister, failed coming. I had a good tima ia 
Mr. BelPs mill on " Thou art fairer than the sons of men." 

We had feeling and weeping at Barratt's-^my subject, ^' I sleep, 
but my heart waketb," &c. eight or nine verses. I feel a sweet* 
ness of spirit, and much of the love of Christ. Came to Cressap^e^ 

Friday 27l Ordained brother Phoebus deacon, and had a seri* 
OHS time< 

Sunday 29. At Jones's; all death I death ! death t My mind 
was devoted to God. I administered the sacrament, but could find 
no openings. Rode to Old Town. — Six years ago I preached in 
this place, when there was scarcely a soul that knew any thing of 
God ; now there are sixty in membership, many of whom are 
happy in the knowledge of the troth. We held a love-feast, andl^ 
had a quickening time. 

Tuesday 31. Rode to the springs (Bath) much tried in spirit. 1 
gave myself to reading and prayer. 

Wednesday, August 1. Preached at Bath. 

Sunday 5. Preached on Pet. iii. 9. to a large congregation, with 
but little liberty. 

Monday 6. I began my lectures on the Prophecies by Bishop 
Newton, and had more hearers than I expected. The weather is 
very warm ; many are sickly ; and continued changes of comers 
and goers — all this leaves but little opportunity for prayer. I for- 
bear reading on account of my eyes, lest I should not be able to 
read in public. 

Tuesday & Wednesday 7, 8. Had very few to hear, soi gave 
them up : every thing that is good is in low estimation at this place. 
1 will return to my own studies : if the people are determined to go 
to hell, I am clear of their blood. My soul is clothed in sack- 
cloth and covered with ashes before the Lord. 

Thursday 9. I enjoy some peace. 

Friday 10. I feel a calm within, and the want of niore life, and 
more love to God, and more patience with sinners. I read my 



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1787.] JtEV. FlUMCIS ASiMJUY's J0URVA4. 19 

T««iaili6at. Ok! wlmta weMinesfewouldUfebe wUliOQtCk>d,and 
love, aad labour. The two first weeks of my time at Bath have been 
•feet «a carryiog oo the teUdiog of tb« new cbapel, reading New- 
ton on the Profh^dM^ visilkig, bathiog. ke. My soul has been 
under great trials, at times, hot hitherto the Lordiias helped, 

Tnesday 21. O, how «weet witt lahoar, and Christian society, 
and the seUtar y woods be iQ me. 

Thursday 23. I have beoa aoder fj^eat exefeises> but was di- 
vinely assisted in preocfaing on ^ The ey«s of the Lord are o?er 
the righteous,*' &c. 

Sunday ^. I preached on '' How bea»ttfol upon the mountains 
tfe the feet of him tftot briogeth good tidingB,'' &c. It was a 
selema tim&--4i^ son! was stayed «pon God. We had a melting 
saerament and love-feast, and many spoke. The devil is angry, 
and so are his children : brother Whatcoat spoke at the steps, and it 
was with difficulty the people kept themselves within decent bounds 
of respect. 

VxftUNiA.-^Friday 31.1 gave them my farewell address at Bath, 
and had many hearers. 

Saturday, September 1. I set out in the rain, and came to the 
wtfkrtv StriMid's, where I met with T. V. who made some acknovnr 
ledgments for what he had said in the heat of his zeal at Philadel- 
phia and at Bath. 

Sunday 2. I attended at, a place where every one has liberty to 
preach ; but it so happened that no one had an appointment there 
but myself-— The Methodists would do well to withdraw from this 
as a preaching place in their circuit. I had a laige congregation 
at Shepherds-Town, to whom I spoke on Luke iv. 18. I have had 
some trials and great consolations ; and at times, it is Paradise Re- 
gaioed with me since I left Bath and the wicked there. 

Mahylanb. — Friday 7. 1 had a cold time at Ryster's on *< Wo 
to them that are at ease in Zion." Thence I rode to the new 
church, where I had not much life. Came to Baltimore. The 
weather is extremely warm. 

Sunday 9, Preached in the morning— my text, ^< Thou art fairer 
than the sons of men :" in the afternoon at Mr Otterbine's 
churoh : andat night on '< They shall come from the east, and from 
the west, and from the north, and from the south," kc* — large 
crowds attended : 1 was straitened in speaking. The following 
Was a week of haste and business. Wednesday I went to Perry- 
Hall — thence to Cpkesbury — ^fixed the price of board, and the 



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20 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRY'S JOVRNAL. 1787,] 

time for opening the college. On Friday I returned to Baitiinore. 
In the midst of business my mind is calm. 

Sunday 16. Preached at totvn and Point. On Monday, the peo- 
ple waited nearly two hours at Evans's before I arrived, owing to 
my horse being out of the j^ay : I found he had stuck a nail into 
his foot, so that I had to leave him. Under these discouraging cir- 
cumstances I was much exercised ; nevertheless, I had liberty in 
speaking, and there was a melting time among the people. Thence 
I hastened to Hunt's chapel, where I enlarged on ** I know you, 
that you have not the love of God in you." 

I rode by I. C— I's gate — an old stand of mine-— It is now, in two 
senses, fallen into decay. The want of religion oftentimes causes 
the want of economy. Ah ! how do the persons and fashions of 
this world pass away ! 

Tuesday 18. I found the work of God in a reviving state at 
G V. 

Wednesday 1 9. I had a liberal opening at Wilson's on " who- 
soever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved." Thience 
I hasted tp the Fork church, and preached on Cant. iii. 1-^—6. I 
lamented the gayety of the children of Methodists ; but yet they 
do not appear to be so full of enmity against God and his peopleas 
other children. 

I hasted to Cokesbury, it being the examination : some gentle- 
men, and some triflers were present. Friday I preached at Joseph 
Dallam's. 

Saturday 22. I preached at Havre de Grace, on Acts ii. 23. 

Sunday 23. I had a large congregation at Elk-Town, and some 
power attended the word. In the evening spoke at Isaac 
Harshay's. 

Monday 24. I had a large, solemn congregation at Wilmington. 
I feel a persuasion that God will revive his work at this plare. 

Tuesday 25. I attended at Chester ; and next day came to Phila- 
delphia. I had liberty in speaking on Cant. v. 6 — 10. On Thurs- 
day and Friday, I had not freedom as I wished. I was seized with 
a violent headach, exceeding any thing, as I thought, 1 had ever 
felt. 

Saturday 29. I felt a little better. My mind was stayed upon 
God. 

Sunday 30. We had a good sacramental occasion. In the after- 
noon brother Willis preached ; and at night I had some enlarge- 
ment on Ephes. iv. 17, 18, 19. 



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[1787. REV. FRAKCIS ASBVKY's JOVRliTAL. 21 

Wednesday, October 3« I met the people, and explained the na- 
ture and design of the college* 

Thursday 4. I preached on the primitive design of the church. 

Friday 6. We had an uncommon love^feast — a gracious season — 
much speaking. On Saturday I met class, and on 

Sunday 7. There was life in the administration of the sacrament 
I felt humbled before the Most High. I trust the Lord will revive 
his work, and make his power known.' 

Monday 8. I came to Chester, and preached on ^* My grace is 
sufficient for thee." 

Delaware.— Tuesday 9. I had unusual freedom in speaking at 
Aaron Mattson's. Thence I pushed on through the rain, and was 
sorely tempted to complain. 

Wednesday 10. I was at Wilmington ; and next day came late to, 
Dickinson's. 

I visited Duck-Creek Cross-Roads, where we have a comfortable 
house which cost about two hundred pounds. 

Saturday 13 Came to Dover very unwell, and brother I. £. 
preached in my stead. 

Sunday 14. I read prayers, and preached on 2 Tim. iii. 10. ; and 
solemnly set apart Jacob Brush and Ira Ellis, for the office of 
deacon : I trust it was a profitable time. I spent two days at 
Thomas White's. 

Ttiesday 16. I preached the funeral sermon of Joshua Barack ; 
a faithful, steady man, who had followed the Lord about ten years^ 
my text was, ** These all died in the faith." 

Thursday 18. I had divine aid in preaching at Millford's : the 
house was open, and the day was cold. 

Friday 19. Came in the evening to Shanklands. Here I found 
the people in disorder and violence about the election ; some had 
gone so far as to take up fire arms. 

Sunday morning, 21. Before sacrament I preached on Psalm ii. 24, 
25. and then in Lewistown, on ** God sent not his Son into the 
world to condemn the world," &c. 

Tuesday S3, and Wednesday 24. I had a good time at quarterly 
meeting, at the Sound church : thence, through a barren sandy 
country, we came to Evans's church, where we had a good and gra- 
cious time, more so than I have felt for some time. From Evans's 
we rode to the beach, and gratified our curiosity with a sight of 
the raging, roaring sea. 

Wednesday 24. I spoke closely upon the discipline of the 
cburch — my subject, *' all Scripture is given by inspiration of God^ 



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^2. ^ftY. FJUNCiS AWVAV'« JOVflNAL. ^ [1787. 

and 18 profitaUe for doctrine^" kc* After neetiog, vre htA a. very 
long ride to brother Bowea's. 

MA]iri.A5D.— Friday 26. After preacbiog at PeDoaU't on '* I will 
gire them a heart to know me," &c. I rode ia the eTeaii^ to 
Downing's. 
Saturday 27. Reached Paramore's at nigbt 
Suoday 28. We had a gracioua time indeed. 
Monday 29. There were life and power among the people in the 
iacrament and loFO-feast. I was greatly comforted to find the Lord 
had greatly blest the laboacs of brother S— -, and that a revival 
* had taken place all around the circuit. In the evening I rode to 
Burton's, in Virginia. The former inhabitants hare gone to the dust« 
It seemed as if I was let into heaven, while I enlarged on ^' Be* 
hold .what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that 
we should be called the sons of God.'' We ha?e twenty miles, and 
sometimes more, a day to travel ; but we have fine roads, kind 
friends, and good entertainment. 

Thursday, November 1. The people coming in still after I 
began, caused me to lengthen out my discourse. Came afterward 
4o Captain Burton's, and spoke with life and consolation. 

Friday 2. Was a day of sore exercise of soul, and barreo 
preaching. I visited Mr. R. and administered the sacrament tn. 
him. Rested that eveniog with Mr. Curtis. 

Saturday 3. Quarterly meeting. I was close on keeping the 
feast, and on disciplines-some felt the word. 

Sunday 4. Preached on *< Thou shalt arise and favour Zion." I 
believe God will make his power known ; and I trust brother 
Everitt will be made a blessing, as well by strictness of discipline, 
as by faithful preaching. 

Monday 5. I had a few living people at Phcebus's. My soul 
is given up to God ; but I have felt Satan near : Lord, help, or I 
perish I 

Sunday 11. 1 had some light in preaching at the Fork chapel. 
Spent the evening with brother Fnnall. 

Monday 12. 1 preached at Hooper's-rThence I rode to Johnson's 
chapel, and spoke on 2 Tim. 8 — 12. 1 had ^|ome enlargement. 

Ailer riding thirty miles, and preaching twice, we held a watch- 
night at Todd's. 

Sunday 18. We went to church at Cambridge, and heard a ser^ 
mon. Afterward I spoke to a large congregation at Tucker's en 
Rom. X. 1 — i. : upon the whole it has been a laborious, trying 
time of late. 



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17S7*] KSir. nuNcis asbv&t's jovrnal* 33 

TiMsdqr 90^. We rode Unvqgb excemire rain ihittf milts. Oat 
quartevly meeting at Fraaaer's chapel wias lafge and liirelj/ I had 
Tery tew to hear at Doctor Allen's, the fiery edge is greatly worn 
off tiiere.. 

Tharsday M. We had a IMiog time at Bolingbrook ; but it it not 
here ae in months past. Ob how soon does the power of religion 
deeii&e ! I eaoae to Easton, Talbot connty, wtere we had a watch- 
nigftt, and the gentry had a balk 

Friday 23. We had a gracious season at the Bay side, where 
many attended. ^ 

Saturday £4. My sool is dejected : O that it was perfectly re- 
signed to the will of God ! 

Sunday 25. I stopped at Keet's on my way to Kent Island. 
AHbough under a great depression of spirits, I was uncommonly 
led out whilst I enlarged on *^ Wo to them that are at ease in 
Zion,'* to a large assembly of people. 

Monday 26. My mind is still depressed. I called on poor 
Colonel H. who bears his imprisonment for debt with great forti- 
tude : I had a good time at Boardley's, notwitstanding two drunken 
men came in and made some disturbance. 

Friday 27. Cold, straitened for time at Tockaboe— something 

better at Choptank. I here heard of the conduct of A. C so ; 

he is gone from us at last. There were many people at Barrett's 
chapel during quarterly meeting, but I had little life in speaking. 

Monday, December 3. We had a melting time at Queen Anoes 
chapel. I enforced ^ Because iniquity shall abound, the Iofo of 
many shall wax cold." 

Tfiesday 4. At Chestertown, I had but little life on Isai. Uii. 
1 — 5. : at night the Lord was with us indeed, while I enforced 
<< Let your moderation be known to all men." 

WednesdwjT 5. After preaching at Worton chapel, we set out to 
cross the Bay, and were on the water until ten o'clock at night. 

Thursday 6. We opened our college, and admitted twenty-fire 
students. I preached on ** Trust in the Lord, and do good." On 
the Sabbatb I spoke on " Oh! man of God, there is death in the 
pot^'^-^md on Monday, ** They are the seed of the blessed of 
the Lord, and their offiipring with them." From Cokesbury I 
came to Baltimore, where I was closely employed, and much in 
haste about temporal concerns. 

Saturday 15. I had a cold ride to Annapolis ; and but few to 
hear aoe on Sonday^moming. Brother H. attempted to travel with 



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24 KiSV. VRAVcrs asbury's JOmtLKAL. [17t8> 

me, but was sooD (glad to resign. My soul has been kept in {lea^, 
and forlhree weeks past, I have enjoyed a most devoted frame of- 
mind. 

Thursday 20. We most now direct oar coarse for Laneaster,^ 
Viiginia, through a barren route of sixty miles. This is the only 
iincultiTated part of Maryland ; and God will surely visit these 
people, and bless them in his own time, if they hear his vtHee» 
We crossed Patuxent-River at sunrise : brother James having iHk* 
dertaken to be our guide, led us ten miles out of our way. Bear- 
ing near to Port Tobacco, we came to the ferry, crossed about 
sunset, and put up at Mrs. H.'s, where we paid eight shillings for 
our oats, and six for our fodder — all this exclusive of charge for 
lodging, as she said. 

Friday 21. Reached Pope's some time in the night. On Satar*- 
day I read the apostolical canons, pulished by Johnson — corio^ 
enough : he is a violent churchman, and appears to have liiUe 
charity for the Presbyterians, upon whom he is unmercifully .* 
severe. I have been sorely tempted, and at sword's point with 
the enemy* 

Sunday 23. I had very little life in preaching to a few dead 
souls at Pope's ; on Monday, at Hutt's, it was nearly the same hoihr* 
in preaching and sacrament ; in the evening at brother C^aens,^ 
the Lord powerfully Inroke into my soul, and the cloud disappeared. 
That night while sleeping, I dreamed 1 was praying for saoctifica*' 
tion, and God very sensibly filled me with love, and 1 waked shout- 
ing glory ! glory to God I my soul was all in a flame. 1 had never 
felt so much of God in my lifb ; and so 1 continued : this, was o& 
Christmas day, a great day to me. 

I rode to the widow Wollard's, and preached on *' For this pur- 
pose was the Son of God manifested that he might destroy the 
works of the devil." During the five last days, we have rode one • 
hundred and forty miles. We crossed Wicomoco and came to 
G.'s : death prevails here : my spirit was. clothed in sackcloth. 

Saturday 29, and Sunday 30. Held quarterly meeting at Lancas- 
ter meeting-house : there was a large gathering, and some life on 
the first day. On Sunday there was much snow, and only about 
three hundred people attended. I ordained £. EUid a deacon. 

Tuesday, Jantiary 1, 1788. Preached at the widow Ball's on 
Psalm XG. 12. 

Thursday 3. Crossed the RappahanDOck and came to G.'s, but 
did not feel free to stay. I went on to Blake's. Came to bro- 
ther Billups's, in.Kingston parish, Gloucester county : here we were 



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t?88,] REV. FRANCI6 A^BVltT'S JOVRHAL* 25 

at bome, and bappy in oar religions exercises. During the last 
one hundred miles of oqr journey we have preached very little 
ibr the want of appointments. We left brother Billups's, and, after 
riding. forty miles, and preaching by the way, we came to Cappaho- 
cey-Ferry ; but being unable to cross, we rode on ten miles to 
the Wi4ow Roe's. 

Toesday 8. There being a storm of rain and a thaw, we set out 
to cross the river at York : we succc^eded, but with sooie difficulty : 
I had had some distressing apprehensions of this. 1 preached at 
B— 's ; on ** How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet," &c. « 
We cB^e to James- River ; the ice was in the way, yet we pushed 
through safely to the opposite shore, and arrived at Horeing's just 
as the quarterly meeting ended ; nevertheless, we too, had a meet- 
ing, and the cry of glory ! w^ heard in great life : God is among 
these people. Brother Cox thinks that not less than fourteen bun- 
dred, white and black, have been converted in Sussex circuit the 
past year ; and brother Easter thinks there are still more in Bruns* 
wick circuit. I preached at P.'s in Nansemond circuit: thence 
to Cowling's, and preached on Isai. liii. 1 — 4. We came on to 
Sleepy-Hole Ferry ; being unable to get our horses over, we walked 
five miles to Turner's. 

Sunday 13. I had some liberty on Tsai.lii. 6, 7, 8. 

Monday 14. We continued our meeting nearly four hotirs, but 
had little satisfaction by reason of the extreme cold. There is a 
growth in religion here since last year. 

We came to Portsmouth, but too late, the ice hindered : how- 
ever, I preached at three o'clock. Next day it rained, and few 
attended ; so that, upon the whole, we had but a low time there. 
I preached at N. Wilson's. Here I had an interview with I. 
H. : he wants to go into the Old Church. I had a great and good 
time at brother Williams's on isai. xxxv. 3, 4, 5. the power and 
lore of Ood were manifested and felt. 

North Carolina.'— Sunday 20. I preached at Col. Jarvis's ; and 
on Uooday at Saunders's— dull times at both theae places. 

Tuesday 22. At Coenjock : there is a death here. — has 
been experimenting on extremes — wise doctrine— hard discipline. 
I doubt whether it will end well. 

I have rode about eighty miles, and preached four times to 
about eight hundred people, most of whom were dead and igno- 
rant ; yet I hope God will arise. 

Currituck«*-a pleasant phice: I rode along the shore and en- 
joyed the view of its banks of evergreen. 

Vol. If. 4 



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26 nsv. viuKcia AsanT.'* jov&xal. ItSS.] 

I preached at Camden court-hoaae with freedom, but-the peo- 
ple appeared iDsenaible : after meeting, we rode» hnngrj and coU> 



' Thursday 24. We had a violent atorm ; to We kept within 
doors ; and man and beast were well provided for. 

Friday 25, Was an uncommonly cold and windy day ; I never- 
theless attempted to preach at Richardson's chapel. In the even- 
ing visited W. P. 

Saturday 26, and Sunday 27. We had cold westber, and a cold 
. people at the quarterly meeting at Flatty-Creek chapel. On Sah- 
hath evening I preached at Nixonton. 

Monday 28. ftode to Gates's ; and next day preached at Knotty- 
Pine chapel : there were but few people, and it was a barren 
meeting. 

Wednesday .30. Preaclied on " The grace of God that brtng- 
eth salvation hath appeared unto all men." Alas ! for the rich — 
they are so soon oillended. Rode to Winton, a little town on 
Chowan-River ; here I had a dry meeting with a few people in 
the court-house. I housed for the night with W I sel- 

dom mount my horse for a ride of less distance than twenty mrlea 
on ordinary occasions; and frequently have forty or fifty ,:«Ib 
moving from one circuit to the other: in travelling thus I suffer 
much from hunger and cold. 

I preached at W ■ *s, with some liberty.— Our brother 
Cbastaine stamped to purpose. 

Saturday, February 2. At Wicocon I enlarged on Peter's fall* 

Sunday 3. I preached on Hebr. vi^ 11, 12. I rode that evening 
to friend Freeman's, whom I had not visited for five years past : I 
found him still an honest Baptist, and we were kindly entertained. 

Rode to Ross's in Martin's county. The rise of the waters of 
the Roanoak-River had inundated the low-lands more than a mile 
from the banks, and made the ferry altogether a wonderful sight. 
We came to our lodging about nine o'clock, and found a plain, kind- 
hearted host. 

I preached a funeral sermon — my text, *^ The sting of death is 
sin." I spoke on the nature of the law— -of sin ; its guilt, power, 
nature, and punishment, — and the victory through Christ. Does it 
not appear that those who live in sin, which is a breach of the law, 
wish to abolish the law, seeing they must know the necessary con- 
sequence of its violation ? — And if this paHtdaHon is just, what 
-saves them from theft, murder, rape ?-— self-preservation. Aha I 
poor world, is this all thy virtue ! 



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lTSt«] llEV. FIUHOIS ASBDET's JOVAVaL. 27 

Wedaeidaj 0. Rode twenty milM, and liad the ice to break in 
tiro BwampB. Preached at Lloyd's, near Wa«bingtoo. 

Saturday 9. I had a very unfeeling people at Mr. 0.% to whom I 
preached with some freedom on Luke tr. 18.*-Death! death! 
deaUi I in the low-lands ! 

Sunday 10. I had many to bear at S.'s ; but it was an uncom- 
ArtaMe time : thence I rode to Coz*g on Neose River, where we 
bad an open time, and th^re is a prospect of good. We then had to 
DOTO towards Treat.- Our lid^s are «till long — ^from fifteen to 
twenty miles A day*. 

Wednesday 13. We had many dead souls at the quarterly 'meet* 
iog at Lee's. 

Thursday 14. My heart melted for the people : they do not, 
will not pray ; and if they so continue, most be undone* 

Friday 15. Came to poor J.'s, where I spoke dreadful thing* to 
a lifeless people on Isai. iiii. 

Sttturday 16. We rode to T-^-^'s, an old stand in Ouplia coun- 
ty, where I was met by a few souls. We had nought to eat, nor 
where to lodge short of Colonel C 's ;. we pushed for that 

shelter, and reached there about nine o'clock -at night: a poor 
fince for religion it is, but we met with good entertainment. 

Sunday 17. I had about five hundred hearers at Samson court- 
house, to whom 1 enlaiged on Peter's denial of hia Master. 1. He 
was self-confident 2. Followed afar off. 3. Mixed with the 
wicked. 4. Denied his discipleship, and then his Lord. 

Tuesday 19. At Fayetteville 1 was unable to preach. Wednes- 
day we pushed on for the south state, but being unacquainted with 
the way, we fell ten miles too low : after riding as many in the 
night, we ended our blunders and our fatigue for that day at S^'s, 
who used us kindly. 

SoOTfi Caroliiva. — Thursday 21. We rode twenty miles in the 
raio through the woo^ and sands, and had but a poor time at C<d. 
M.'s : thence we descended to the Green Poiids» fifteen miles, 
where we were very comfortable at C.^b. 

Saturday 23. I attended the quarterly-meeting at the Beauty 
^ot: the weather was eold, but I had greal assistance on Isai» 
xuv. 1—6. 

Sunday 24% I preached on Zech. xi. 12. : we had a gracious^ 
movhq; time. 

Monday 25. We crossed Pee Dee at the Long Bluff, and rode 
neariy fi% mile* to brother Gardener'a. 



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2S fiEV. FAAHCIS AS9VAT's 30VBMM.. [178^. 

i preaehed at Black-Creek on Psalm cxlv. : I was mocfa 
fatigaed, and had a high fer^r ; bat my «oal had peace and was 
stayed 'upon God. / 

Wednesday 27. After preaching at D.'s, I had to ride ten 
miles out of my way to cross Lynch's Creek. We moved forwards 
to our worthy friend Rembert'Sy who entertained as kindly, and 
supplied us with horses to ride to our appointments at Lenoir^s 
and JMloore's, where we had few hearers and, dead times. After 
our meetings at these places we returned to Rembert's, at whose 
house our quarterly meeting began on Saturday the first of March, 
which was not without some life^ in our love-feast there appeared 
to be more feeling than speaking. 

Monday, March 3. We rode through the snow to Bradford's ; 
. and next day had. no small difficulty in crossing the swamps in order 
to get to Santee Ferry : we made it a ride of about fifty miles to 
H.'s, and did not get in until about nine o^clock at night. 

Wednesday 5. I passed Dorchester, where there are the remains 
of what appears to have once been a considerable town : there 
are the ruins of an elegant church, and the vestiges of several 
well built houses. We saw a number of good dwellings, and large 
plantations on the road leading down Asble/- River. In the evenaig 
we reached the city of Charleston, having rode-about My miles. 

Sunday 9. Brother £Uis preached in the morning. In the 
evening 1 felt some, liberty in enlarging on Rom. x. 1, 2, 3. Oa 
Monday my soul and body enjoyed some ease and rest. 

Friday 14. Our conference began, and we had a very free, open 
time. On Saturday night I preached on ** I have set watchmen 
upon thy walls," &c. On the Sabbath, on *^The Lord turned 
and looked on Peter," &c. It was a gracious season, both in the 
congregation, and in the love-feast. While another was speaking 
in the morning to a very crowded house, and many outside, a man 
made a riot at the door ; an alarm at once took place ; the ladies 
leaped out at the windows of the church, and a dreadful confusioD 
ensued. Again whilst I was speaking at night, a stone was thrown 
against the north side of the church ; then another on the sooth ; 
a third came through the pulpit window, and struck near me inside 
the pulpit. I however continued to speak on— my, subject, '^ How 
beautiful upon the mountains," &c. 

Upon the whole, 1 have had more liberty to speak ia Charleston 
this visit than I ever had before, and am of opinion that God will 
work here^: but our friends are afraid of the cross.- 



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1780.] ilEV. FRANCIS ABBURY^S J6VRNAL. 29 

Hoaday 17. Preached id the moraing, and took my leaye of the 
city : when I reached Mr. Gi?eham'8 the- coDgregation had 1>eeti 
dispersed aboat ten minntes. 

I preached at R.'s, at L.'s, and at C. C. church, in the Edisto 
circuit: the people are iDsensible, and,.! fear, are more in love 
with some of Christ's messengers than with Christ. I now 
changed my course and went through Oraogeburgh by the conga- 
rees to Saleuda, and thence up to Broad-River quarterly meeting : 
we rode till on^ o'clock on Friday the 2Tst of March ; I believe 
we have travelled about two hundred miles in five days : dear bro- 
ther Smith accompanied ine. 1 was so unwell that 1 had but little 
satisfaction at the quarterly meeting : my service was burdensome ; 
but the people were lively. 

Wednesday 26. We rode from Finch's to Odell's new church, 
where w^ had a good time whilst I enlarged on Tit. ii. 14* and 
administered the Lord's Supper. Thence to Smith's, thirty miles ; 
' after preaching we had a night meeting that prevented our getting 
to bed until about twelve o'clock : we had a comfortable cabin, 
and were very well entertained. 

Thnrsday H, I had but little freedom on ** The foundation of 
^Aod standeth sure." Brothers Mason and Major spoke after me. 
I went alone into the woods, and found my soul profitably solitary 
in sweet medilatlod and prayer. 

Friday'28. Rode about thirty miles to B.'s : my soul was tried, 
but it was also comforted in the Lord. I was much led out on 
Eph. vi. 18. and we were employed till nearly twelve o'clock at 
night. 

Sunday 30. I had some liberty in preaching, but the people 
began to move about when they were pointedly dealt with. Bro« 
tbers Mason and Major spoke after me. I found it good to be 
alone by the solitary stream and silent woods, to study the welfare 
of Zion, and to pray for her prosperity. 

Monday 31. We rode within a mile of Savannah River. The 
land in general, during our route, is very fine. We were benight- 
ed, and moping in the woods, made our journey a long one of 
a^out fifty miles. 

: Tuesday, April 1. We crossed the Savannah at the Forks, and 
came where I much wanted to be, in Georgia ; nevertheless, I fear 
I shall have but little freedom here. 

GEoRoiA.-^Wednesday, April 2. I rested ; and com^tiled two 
sections, which I shall recommend'to be put into our form of dis- 



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L ' 



so Asv. rRAiras A8bvry'« jovrital. [l^f^B. 

dflioe ID order to remove frooi Society, by reguhr eteps* eith«r . 
preachers or people that are disorderly. 

Saturday 5. I was led oat in preachiog at the quarterly meetiDg 
OB Zech. ni. 10. 

Sunday 6. There was ^ moving on the souls of the people ; and 
I fell much life on Isai. zlv. 22. 

I have been told, that during the last rupture, the Indiami 
butchered nearly one hundred people. 

Wednesday 9. Our conference began at the Forks of Broad* 
River, where siz onembers, and four probationers attended* Bro^* 
ther Major was sick, and could not meet us : soon after, he aiade 
h^ exit to his eternal rest. 

Thursday 10, and Friday 11. I felt free, and preachied with 
light and liberty each day. Many that had no religion in Viiginia, 
have found it after their removal into Georgia and South Can^ina : 
here at least the seed sprung up, wherever else it may have been 
sown. Our httle conference was about sixty*one pounds deficiei^ 
in their quarterage, nearly one third of wbith was made up to thera» 

South Carolina. — Sunday 13. I called at a Presbyterian meet- 
ing-house, and heard Mr. Hal), the minister, preach a good sermon 
oil Isai. Iv. : after meeting we rode to brother Moore's, twenty^ 
miles on the Seleuda. 

* Monday 14. Was almost entirely occupied with writing lettera 
to the north. 

Tuesday 16. I had many people at the widow Bowman's. Whi]« 
here we bad a most awful storm ; 1 w|m afraid the house would 
come down. We rode in the night to M. Moore's : I was seized- 
with illness on the way, which continued during the night ; next ^ 
day however, I was able to pursue my journey. 

Friday 18. We rode along crooked paths to Kasey's, where we 
received the afflicting account of the death of dear brother Major, 
who departed this life last Saturday : he was a witness of holi- 
ness, and died in peace and love. 

Saturday 19. I preached at Wilson's, with some liberty, on Peter 
iii. 7. 

Sunday 20. I spoke with little enlargement. Our friends here 
on Tyger River, are much alive to God, and have built a good 
chapel. We rode to Buffington's in the evening, on Fair-forest 
Creek, and were kindly entertained. 

North Carolina. — Tuesday 28. Rode to Rutfaerfbrd court- 
house ; and the next day to Burke court-house : it being court 



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t7lS«3 RSr. MUirolS ASMTAY'S MWlNAt. dl 

imSy we went on* andreach^d liroUier White'ty on JAii8*Rifer, 
aboat ten o'clock at oight : liere I found both the saddlot broke $ 
both horses fooodered ; and both their backs sore— so we stqpped 
a few daj«. ' 

I preached on Rer. xxti. 6—8 ; and had liberty in sped^ing to. 
the people : oor souls were blest in a near access to the Lord. 
Onr preachers in the Tadkin circuit have been sick : they haye 
had hard travelling the past winter ; and the work has consequently 
enffsred. I have read D.'s Study of Davinity--the catalogue of 
books at the end I thought of more value than all the rest of the 
work. 

Sunday^27. I preached at the Globe, on the main branches of 
f ohiis*River) where there are a few who fear God : there was' 
tome stir, and I hope some good done. 

Monday 28. After getting our horses shod, we made a move for 
Holsteio, and entered upon the mountains ; the first of which 1 
caedled steel, the second stone^ and the third iron mountain : they are 
rough, and difficult to climb. We were spoken to on our way by 
mosi awful thunder and lightning, accompanied by heavy radn. 
We crept for shelter into a little dirty house where the filth might 
hove been taken from the floor with a spade : we felt the want of 
fire, but could get little wood to make it, and what we gathered was 
wet. At the head of Watawga we fed, and reached Ward's that 
night. Coming to the river next day, we hired a young man to 
swim over for the canoe, in which we crossed, while our horses 
swam to. the other shore. The waters being up we were com- 
pelled to travel an old road over the mountains. Night came on*- 
I was ready to fiunt with a violent headach^-the mountain was 
steep on both sides. 1 prayed to the Lord for help : presently a 
profuse sweat broke out upon me, and my fever entirely subsided. 
About nine o'clock we came to Grear's. After taking a little rest 
here, we set out next morning for brother Coxe's on Holstein- 
River. I had trouble enough : our route lay through the woods, 
and my pack-horse would neither follow, lead, nor drive, so fond 
was he of stopping to feed on the green herbage. I tried th6 lead, 
and he pulled back. — I tied his head up to prevent his grazing ; and 
he ran back : the weather was excessively warm. — I was much 
fatigued tod my temper not a Ittde tried. 1 fed at I. Smith's and 
prayed with the family. Arrivii^ at the river, I was at a loss what 
to do ; but providentially, a man came along who conducted me 
across } tibis has been en awful journey to n^e, and this a tiresome 



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St AET. FlUHCIS A8B0RY'fli 90mMAJu [ItS^ 

day» %iid nair, after riding seventy- five miles, I have thirtj-five 
mijes more to Qeneral Russell^. I rest one day to revive man aii4 
beast. 

Friday, May 2. Rode to Washington, where I met brother Tan- 
nell on the way to Mr. C.'s. We have to pat up in houses where 
we have no opportunity for retiremept. 

Virginia. — Saturday 3. We came to General Russeir^fr-a mos^ 
kind family in deed ai^d in truth. 

Sunday 4. Preached on Phil. ii. 5 — 9. I found itgood to get alone 
in prayer. 

Tuesday 6^ I had many to hear at Easley's on Holstein. I was 
much wearied with riding a strange horse, having left mine to rest* 
It is some grief that I cannot be so much in prayer on the road as 
I would be. We had a good time, and a large congregation at K,% 

TENNi:ss6E.-rThe people are in disorder about the old and new 
state ; two or three men, it is said, have been killed. 

At Nelson's I had a less audience than w^s expected ; the peo- 
ple having been called away on an expedition against the new- 
state men : my subject was Hebr. vi. 1 1, 12. Rode to Oweos's, and 
niet our brethren from Kentucky, where I preached on Psalm cxlv. 
17, 18, 19, with some fervour. .^,, 

Came to Half- Acres and Key woods where w;e held conference 
three d9ys, and I preached each day. The weather was cold ; the 
room without fire, and otherwise uncomfortable, we nevertheless, 
made out to keep our seats until we had finished the essential paFt& 
of our business. 

Thursday 15. We came to General Rosseirs, — and on Friday to 
I. Smith's on the south fork of Holstien* River. 

Sunday 18. Rode to a chapel near New River, where I preached 
on ** How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet,'' &c. After 

eating a-morsel, we hasted on our Way to F ^'s. A twenty miles' 

ride through the mountains brought us to our lodgings for the night 
at K ' 's, near the Flower Gap. 

Monday 19. We rodorabout fifty miles to S '&; the weatbjer 

was warm in the extreme ; we had rain, thunder, and lightning — 
and were weary enough. 

Tuesday 20. After riding nearly thirty miles, we came to 
M'Koight's chapel in North Carolina ; here I preached on Peter's 
denial of Christ. Thence we went to Hill's : after meeting, we 
proceeded to the neat and well-improved town of Salein : making 
a journey, besides the labours of the day, of nearly forty miles. 



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1-988.1 R&V. VAANCIS ASBUAV'S JOURNAL. 33 

'I came to tbe quarterly meeting at C 's, where I apoke ' 

fMKogiy and. pointedly ; and tbe word appeared to have effect, 

Thursday 22. Preached at P — 's chapel : we then rode te 
C-^ — 's, about seven miles from Guilford court-house, where wc 
had a good time. 

Friday 23. Was a damp, rainy day, and I was unwell with a slow 
fever and pain in my head : however I rode to Smith's chapel and 
preached : and thence to brother Harrison's, on Dan-River, and 
preached*^ — In the space of one week we have rode, through 
rough, mountainous tracts of country, about three hundred miles. 
Brothers Poythress, Tunnell, and myself have had serious views of 
tUngs, and mature counsels together. 

Sunday 25. Preached, and had a love-feast and sacrament. — I 
then rode to the widow Dicks's : many were waiting here, and the "^ 
power of God was felt by some, whilst I enlarged on Isaiah Iv. 

Monday 26. We had a g^M time at Martin's— Leaving this, on 
our way to Stamfield, we were obliged to swim our horses across 
Dan-River, and losing our road, made it late before we arrived. . 
• Riding thirty miles brought us to Hammon's: here we had a 
s^ous^ feeling time, whilst I spoke on Isaiah Ixi. 

Thursday 29. Reached E. T — 's about two o'clock, and gave a 
skort discourse on ^* Haf^y is be that hath the God of Jacob for 
his help." Thence to Pope's, to Hill's, to Long's, and to Jones's 
chapel : on our way to the latter place we got out ,of our route 
when within a mile of the chapel, and did not reach it till two 
o'clock. 

Sunday, June 1. At Clayton's there are a hundred blacks joined 
in society ; and they appear to have real religion among them — 
here Ethiopia doth stretch out her hand unto the Lord. I sup- 
pose there were not less than a thousand souls at preaching. 

North Carolina.* — Monday 2. Preached at Moore*s in North- 
ampton — once a poor, dead people, but now revived, and increased 
from eleven to sixty members. 

We had much of the power of God at Clark's : sixty members, 
among whom are some children, are the subjects of this work.—! 
feel life among these people — preaching and praying is not labour 
here : their noise I heed not ; I can bear it well when I know that 
God and Christ dwells in the hearts of the people. Thence I 
passed through Southampton, where I also beheld the power of 
God manifested in several lively meetings. 
Vol. II. 5 



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34 REV. FKAKCIS A&BUHY's JOV&fUL* * [It^ 

Virginia. — Rode to and rested with Philip Davis. On ^aturda^f I 
had a feeling, living time on Psalm Ixxxt. %. 10. 

Sunday 8. We had a gracioua season : it was a memorable day, 
and my soul was much blessed. After meeting, we hastened to 
Petersburg, where I preaphed on 2 Cor. v, 20. Our elders anj 
deacons met for conference : all things were, brought pn in love. 
The town folks were remarkably kind and attentive ; the people 
of God in much love.-— The awful circumstance of B. C — 's loSf 
ing his religion, and lately attempting to pull out R.. Swift's eyes, 
may yet be sanctified to some, and explained by his conduct here* 
after. ^ 

Friday 13. I preached a pastoral sermon, under a large arboujr 
near the borders of the town, on 1 Tim. iv. 13, 16. with consider- 
able consolation.— Ordained Henry Ogburn and John Baldwin, 
deacons ; and Edward Morris and Ira Ellis, elders. 

Sunday 15. I preached at the Manakintown — then rode to 
Maxey's. 

Monday H. Rode about fifty miles to.brother Agee's in Bucking' 
bam county ; and thence to Bedford circuit ; in our route we were 
compelled to ford the James-River, not without danger : we %yere 
hospitably entertained. ^ , 

Wednesday 18. At night I hadspme ppeniug whilst I enforced 
'* Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall b^ 
saved." 

Heavy rains., bad roads, straying, bewildered in the woods,«--» 
through all these I worried to Murphy's : great was the cross under 
which I spoke on '^ The grace of God that bringeth salvation," kc,. 
I had a high fever, and was otherwise distressed in body, and ill at 
ease in mind : I was afraid the medicine I had made use of woul4 
be injurious to me in consequence of my getting wet. 

Saturday 28. I had considerable liberty, though unwell, at Ayres's 
new chapel. 

Sunday 29. After preaching I went to V 's, and after 

trying, had to silence him. O, my God, what awful subjects come 
before me ! 

Monday 30. Crossed the high mountains, and came to H 's 

in Green- Brier. 

Tuesday, July 1. I enlarged on Gal. iii. 22. We then rode to 
JVrPherson's, a serious family on Sinking- Creek, where I preached 
with ^some freedom. After crossing some considerable mountains, 
and preaching occasionally, on Friday we arrived at the Sweet- 
Springs : here I preached, and the people were very attentive. 



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I7M.] nev. pRAwciti assury's jovrmiil. 3d 

' 'iSatarday 5, and Sunday 6. i had krge congregations at Rohoboth ; 
1 preached with some satisfaction. 

Monday 7. Oar troubles began ; it being the day we set oat for 

Clarksbor^. Thirty miles brought us to W 's, on the Great- 

Iievels. 

Tuesday 8. Reached M^Neal^s, on the Little Levels, where 
almost the whole settlement came together, with whom I found 
freedom on Matt. xi. 28, 29, 30. Our brother Phoebus had to 
answer questions' propounded to him until erening. 

Wednesday 9. We rode to the Clover- Lick, to a very remote and 
exposed house : here we found good lodgings for the place. The 
former tenant had made a small estate by keeping cattle, horses, &c. 
otk the range, which is fertile and extensive. 

Thursday 10. We had to cross the Alleghany mountain again, 
at a bad passage. Our course lay over mountains and through val- 
leys, and the mud and mire watf such as might scarcely be expected 
in December. We came to an old, forsaken habitation in Tygers- 
Valley : here our horses grazed about, while we boiled our meat ; 
midnight broqght us up at Jones's, after riding forty, or perhaps, 
fifly miles. The old man, our host, was kind enough to wake us up 
at four o'clock in the morning. We journeyed on through devious 
lonely wilds, where no food might be found, except what grew in 
(he woods, or was carried with ns. We met with two women who 
were going to see their friends, and to attend the quarterly meeting 

at Clarksburg. Near midnight we stopped at A 's, who 

hissed his dogs at us : but the women were determined to get to 
quarterly meeting, so we went in. Our supper was tea. Brothera 

Phoebus and Cook took to the woods ; old gave up his bed 

to the women. I lay along the floor on a few deer skins with the 
fleas. That night our poor horses got no corn ; and next morn- 
ing they had to swim across the Monongahela : aAer a twenty 
miles' ride we came to Clarksburg, and man and beast were so out- 
done that it took us ten hours to accomplish it. I lodged with CoK 
Jackson. Our meeting was held in a long close room belonging to 
the Baptists : our use of the house it seems gave oflence. There at- 
tended about seven hundred people, to whom I preached with free- 
dom ; and I believe the Lord's power reached the hearts of some. 
After administering the sacrament, I was well satisfied to take my 
leave. We rode thirty miles to Father Haymond's, after three 
o'clock, Sunday afternoon, and made it nearly eleven before we 
came in ; about midnight we went to rest, and rose at five o'clock 
next morning. My mind has been severely tried under the great 



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36 REV. FRANCIS ASRIZRy'S JOURNAL. [It$ft. 

fatigue endured both by myself and my horse. O, how g^ad sboi^ 
I be of a plain, clean plank to lie on, as preferable to most of the 
beds ; and where the beds are in a bad state, the floors are worse. 
The goats are almost as troublesome heroi as the moschetoes in the 
low-lands of the sea-board. This country will require much work 
to make it tolerable. The people are, many of them, of the bold- 
est cast of adventurers, and with some the decencies of civilized 
society are scarcely regarded, two instances of which I myself wit- 
nessed. The great landholders who are industrious will soon shonr 
the effects of the aristocracy of wealth, by lording it over their 
poorer neighbours, and by securing to themselves all the offices of 
profit or honour : on the one hand savage warfare teaches them to 
be cruel ; and on the other, the preaching of Antinomians poisons 
them with error in doctrine : good moralists they are not, and good 
Christians they cannot be, unless they are better taught. 

Tuesday 15. I had a lifeless, disorderly people to hear me at 
Morgantown, to whom I preached on ** I will hear what God the 
Lord will speak." It is matter of grief to behold the excesses, par- 
ticularly in drinking, which abound here. I preached at a new 
chapel near Colonel Martin's, and felt much life, love, and power. 
Rode to the widow R— ' — 's, and refreshed with a morsel to eait': 
thence to M. Harden's, where, though we had an earth floor, we 
had good beds and table entertainment. 

Friday 18. Rode forty miles to quarterly meeting at Doddridge's ; 
where we had a melting season. 

Sunday 20. From twelve o'clock to-day we rode forty miles— *^ 
my soul in sweet peace. 

Tuesday 22. Our conference began at Union-Town : we felt 
great peace whilst together ; and our counsels were marked by love 
and prudence. We had seven members of conference and five 
probationers. I preached on 1 Peter v. 7. : , and brother Whatcoat 
gai;e us an excellent discourse on *' Oh ! man of God, flee these ' 
things." 

Friday 25. We concluded our conference. 

Saturday and Sunday, 26, 27. Attended quarterly meeting. 

Monday 28. Came over the mountains along very bad roads* 
Brother Whatcoat and myself were both sick. We stopped at 
Simkins's, and were comfortably entertained. 

Virginia. — Tuesday 29. Reached Barratt's, where we had a 
little rest and peace. We had lef^ our horses at Old Town on the 
other side of the river, but I thought it best to have them brought 
over, and so it was ; for that night there were two stolen. On 



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}78S*] iiinr. TRmcis AsimiY's JovEUAt. 37 

ifonday we rested ; on Tuesday rode down to Capon ; and on 
-Wednesday visited Bath. I took lodgings at brother Williams's^ was 
well fixed, and foand the waters to be of seryice to me. 

Snnday, Aagast 10. Preached at Bath. I received heavy tidings 
from the college — both our teachers have left ; ooe for incompe- 
tency, and the other to pursue riches and hohours : had they cost 
us nothing, the mistake we made in employing them might be the 
less regretted. I have read one volume of Church History, by 
Alosheim, containing an account of the state of ecclesiastical mat- 
ters in Giermany, and the different churches. 

Sunday 17. I attempted to preach at Bath, on the lame and the 
blind : the discourse was very lame ; and it may be, I left my 
hearers as I found them — blind. 

. I am now closely engaged in reading, writing, and prayer — my 
soul enjoys much of God. We have great rains, and are obliged 
to keep close house ; hut we have a little of almost every thing to 
improve the mind — the languages, divinity, grammar, history, and 
belles-lettres : my great desire is to improve in the best things. 

Sunday 24. Preached at Bath on. Isaiah Ixiii. 1. with little 
liberty and poor attendance. But we have some stir among the 
pcmr people in the country. 

Friday 99. We left Bath, and on the Saturday and Sunday fol- 
lowing attended a quarterly meeting. I felt enlargement on Peter's 
case, and also in the love-feast. 

Monday, September 1. I enlarged with some freedom on the 
case of the man who Jbrought the child to our Lord. 

Wednesday 3. Rode from I. Hite^s to the Blue-Ridge : the 
weather was warm, abd so were the hearts of the people. 

Thursday 4. I preached at Leesburg, and was very warm on 
« Thou wilt arise and favour Zion ;'' and the people appeared to 
be somewhat-stirred up. To-day I received a letter ft'om brother 
Tunnell, informing of the spreading of the work of God in West 
New-River ; and several parts of North Carolina — Glory be to 
God, for his great and glorious power ! 

Maryland.— Wednesday 10, Our conference began in Balti- 
more. I chose not to preach while my mind was clogged by busi- 
ness with so many persons, and on so many subjects. 

Sunday 14. I felt considerably moved at our own church in the 
morning, and in the Dutch Church in the afternoon : the Spirit of 
^e Lord came among the people, and sinners cried aloud for 
mercy : perhaps not less than twenty souls found the Lord from 
that time until the Tuesday following. 



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38 ^ AEv. rftAveKT ASsmiT'd JotiRKAL. {ns^ 

Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, were tpent* ki Cdkesbnry in 
ezaminiDg and arranging the temporal concerns of the college. ' 

PERirsTLVAinA. — Sunday 21. I preached with some safisiaetiott, 
morning and evening, in Philadelphia. On Monday onr conference 
began and held until Friday 26. 

Saturday 27. We left the city. 

New-Jersey. — Sunday 28. Preached with some assistance in 
Elizabethtown. 

New- York.— Monday 29. Rode to New-York. Next day (Tues- 
day 30.) our conference began, and continued until Saturday Hhet 
4th of October. 

New-Jersey. — Sunday October 5, and Monday 6. My soul was' 
uncommonly led out in prayer and preaching — I found it a very 
gracious season. My return brought me through Elizabethtown, 
Amboy^ Hydestown, Crosswecks, and Burlington. 

Delaware. — Sunday 12. I was much depressed in spirit whilst 
in Philadelphia. I left there on Wednesday, and preached aff 
Chester ; where I had some energy ; and had openings at WiN 
mington and Duck-Creek, where I also administered the word of 
life. 

Monday 20. Our meeting in Dover was attended with some 
power. At Milford we had liberty and love. At Johnstown I was 
very unwell, and was under the necessity of going to bed, but ouf^ 

friends were alive : God is with them of a ti^uth. Preached at 

--» 

Shankland's. My soul enjoys great peace and love. On Sunday 
I was under bodily affliction, but I went to the court-bouse and 
spoke a few words on <^ Ye will not come to me that ye might have 
life.'* We have a bouse now building, and I hope something wiH^ 
be done here. 

Monday was remarkably warm weather, and I was ready to faint 
whilst I rode to the Sound. We reached PowelFs about three 
o'clock. 

Wednesday 22. I was very alarming — seldom, if ever, have 1 felt 
more moved. We came awaj, and rode twenty -five miles, having 
nothing to eat from eight o'clock in the morning till six at night. 
My body was weak, but mj soul was kept in peace. Knowing the 
obligations I am under to pay money to several persons to whom 
the college is indebted, my mind is much exercised, and I feel very 
heavily the weight of such responsibility. The Lord opened the 

heart of , and I thankfully received the kindness as from God 

Hnd man. 



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i-TjOhft.] REV, FliMCIS AdtUKY'S JQVIVSAL. 3B 

MARTI.A17P.— Preached at Bowen's, and I trust the Lord was pre- 
sent ; as also at the Lord's sapper. We then hasted, to Ae widow 
ParaiDoi;e's, about nineteen qailes : the people were moTed whilst 
I exhorted them to come boldly to the throne of grace. 

On Friday I met with an engaged people at Pernal'Sy and they 
appeared tender whilst I enlarged on *^ My grace is sufficient for 
thee." After meeting we rode to B.'s, nineteen miles. 

ViRC^XNiA. — Saturday, November 1. Attended aquarterly meeting 
at QarrettsoA'Chapel— O how changed ! A preacher absent nearly 
Qin^ weeks from his circuit, failing to give proper notice of the 
quarterly meeting. Other persuasions are less supine ; and their 
minister boldly preaches against the freedom of the slaves. Our 
brother Everett with no less zeal and boldness, cries aloud for 
liberty — emancipation. 

Sunday 2. Brother Whatcbat preached, and, I exhorted a little^ 
My SQul and body are deeply depressed. We rode fifteen miles 
tbatevening, and held meeting again. 

. Monday 3. Myself and the people were comforted at S.'s : we 
had a iheetiug in the e?ening. 

Wednesday 5. I preached at the school-house, on Peter's denial 
oC Christ: it was a time of refreshing — there were few present 
that did not feel the word. Spoke again in the evening at S — 's to 
g f ery unfeeling people. 

. Friday 7. Preached at the court-house, to many people, with 
liberty. We have had heavy riding ; dust, heat, and fevers. Our 
aneetio^ at Downing's almost overcame us with heat and fatigue. 

Maryland. — At Annamessex quarterly meeting I was at liberty 
«D Rev. iii. 20. Again I preached on *' Fear not little flock," &c. 
most of our members in these parts have freed their slaves. 

Wednesday 12. We had a precious season at the line chapel on 
Rev. ''I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire," &c. 
After meeting I rode to Broad-Creek. We have travelled little 
less than two hundred miles a week. 

Thursday 13. At quarterly meeting I preached on << Thy teach- 
ers shall not be removed into a corner." 

Friday 14. My subject was ^< Is my hand shortened at all that I 
cannot redeem, or have i no power to deliver ?" — there was some 
moving on the souls of the people. Rode twelve miles to L — 's, 
and preached at night on '' Search the Scriptures." 

DfiLAWARE.— After preaching at North West Fork, I rode twenty- 
five miles to quarterly meeting at £--*'s : here we had a good 



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40 1;EV. FRANCIS ASBURV 6 JOURNAL. [17B&. 

time. I preached at JohpsoD's, Todd's, and at the chapel. I feel 
myself weak, but the Lord is present. 

Friday 21.1 felt some power in speaking on Matt. xi. 5, 6. at 
Mr. K. — 's. We came on to Hooper's, where we had a time of 
refreshing. 

Saturday 22, and Sunday 23. Attended quarterly meeting at Wil- 
liam Frazier's : there was some quickening among the people each 
day. 

We crossed Choptank to Bdiogbroke — death ! death ! The se- 
cond day of our meeting a great power went through the congrega- 
tion, and a noble shout was heard among the people. 

I was much led out at the Bay side. At Doctor Allen's I was 
greatly comforted after a wet ride of thirty miles. 

I preached at Queenstown to a few people, who appear to be far 
gone in forgetfulness of God. 

Maryland.— I went to Kent- Island, and found about two hundred 
and fifty people, among whom were some of the rich and great t 
we had a good meeting. I then returned to Queenstown, and 
gave the citizens another rally; there were more to hear than 
before. 

Saturday 29. I felt some power in preaching at Boardley's. Vf^ 
had a little move among the people at Choptank. My soul. is kept 
in peace. In times past I iiave felt some disagreeable impressions 
on my mind about the college being burnt ; now I have heard of 
an attempt to do it : but I trust the Lord will encamp about {he 
house. 'We had a very good meeting at Dover, although the wea- 
ther was very cold. — We had meeting again that night in town — I 
hope not in vain. Next day I rode to Dudley's church, Queen- 
Annes ; and thence to Chester-Town, and preached on ** Let us 
have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence 
and godly fear." 

Saturday, December 6. I had some freedom in preaching at Still- 
pond church, on *' Simon, Satan hath desired to have you that he 
might sifl you as wheat," &c. 

Sunday 7. I preached at the widow Woodland's — was not in a 
good frame of body or mind. At Georgetown I felt still worse ; 
and to crown all, I had a long dispute with Mr. B — about ordina- 
tion and experimental religion. 

Monday 8. Rode to Cecil court-house, and had, I trust, a profi- 
table time. We crossed Elk-River to brother Ford's, and had a 
gracious meeting at bis house. 



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1719 •] REV. VIUNCIS ASBUKT^$ J^VKfUAL* 41 

T^^sdaj SU We bad a daipp ride to Cokesbaryy aod foood it was 
tYW as it h^^ been reported to us :— au attempt bad been made 
to bom the college by pqttiog fire into ooe of the closeta ; but 
soiiQe of tii^ atudeuts made a timely discovery, s^d it was extio- 
gqished* I stayed two days aod expended more thao £100, and 
felt my spirit tried, I put tbe young men to board in tbe college. 
— We ba?e some promising youths among theip for learning, bat 
they want religion. 

I came to Baltimore and found som6 tokens of the Divine pre« 
sence» at the quarterly meeting, on Chron. xv. 8, <^ Thou canst save 
by i^any, 07 by those that have no might." 

Monday 15. Came to Cromwell's and preached with some satis- 
(iictiop. Thence I basted to Annapolis, where the Lord was pre- 
soQt while { df clared *' The Lord's band is not shortened." 

Tuesday 16. Rode to Weems's chapel, aod preached with fer- 
VQi^r oq '^Oh! Zion that bringeth good tidings," £&c. Thence to 
<?alvert quarter^ meeting : the weather wa9 very cold, but there 
w^ some spiritual heat among the people. 

Virginia. — Friday 19. Rode thirty miles to Hoe's ferry; and 
thiaQQe to Pape'S) about thirty miles more : the weather is still 
fei^ipsively cold. 

^fipday 21. I preached tp a few tender souls at P — 's, on Isaiah 
S]y$« **' Yei^ye^y little while and Lebanon shall be a fruitful field." 

Taesday 23. Had 9 ^^^ lively people at Woollard's. I read, 
Hfife, prs^, and ride ; and hope to see much of the power of God 
m tbis journey. 

Christmas day. I preached in the open house at Fairfield's, on 
baifth ix« 6* 1 folt warip in speaking — ^but there was an offensive 
imell 0/ rum among the people. 

Saturday 2fi. At the Presbyterian church in Lancaster, there was 
^ divine stir in* tbe congregation. Envy and disputation have been 
iiyurioos to the work of God in these parts^O may the Lord yet 
bi^lp us ^nd revive his work ! 1 found our opposing the doctrine of 
final perseverance had given offence : a house of our own will 
alone fix us properly. 

January U 1789. After waiting about two hours, the wind sud- 
denly calmied, and 1 crossed Rappahannock and came to Cheese- 
cake. 

We had a comfortable meeting at R. H.'s, in Kingston, thence to 
B . Ml 's; 9ad afterward to D-: r's, where, sdthough I had an un- 
feeling i^udience, I had satisfaction in aiy own soul. 
Vol. II. 6 



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42 Il£V. PRJLKCI6 ASB0RT'S JOURHAL. [178d. 

We came to James-City; whisre God baa wrought a glorious 
work ; as also in New-Keot county in the same circuit : a number 
of young people have been made the subjects of this prace. 

Thursday 8. I had a most agreeable passage, for the season, 
across James-River. — Arrived at Mooning's about three o'clock^ 
and found a lively people* Christians here appear to stand faith- 
ful, but sinners are not brought in. ' 

Friday 9. Was a good day at Ellis's : my soul felt peace, and 
I was happy to find our old friends standing fast. 

Saturday 10. We had a happy meeting at Lane's chapel. I 
went to the widow Lane's : I felt uneasy ; but 1 found it needful 
for me to be there. 

Sunday 11. Preached on '^ Kiss the Son," &c* and afterward rode 
fifteen miles to Moss's. They are a dear people at Lane's chaipel : 
slavery is greatly on the decline among them. 

Tuesday 13. An appointment had been made at Aiabry's chapel, 
but the sleet and rain hindered the people from attending ; so I 
preached at brother Theweett's to about six preachers, and as 
many members. . 

Wednesday 14. I had about three hundred hearers at the LoiT- 
Ground chapel : our brethren shout^ed whilst I enlarged on laaiwti 
kiii. 1. I have felt very solemn for two or three days past, as 
though pod would speak through me to the souls of the people. 

Thursday 15. Rode to Moore's — had a dead, dull people-— ex- 
cept those few who came from a distance. Crossed Roanoak, and 
arriviog at. the place of preaching a little after night, I spoke on 
*' Comfort ye, comfort ye my people," &c. 

North Carolina. — Saturday & Sunday 17, 18. Preached at 
Whitaker's chapel, where we had a profitable time : I found God had 
been working, and that many souls had been awakened* 

We came to J 's : in this neighbourhood the Christians are 

singularly devoted, but sinners yet stand it out. The Lord has begun 
to work" on Sandy-Creek, in Franklin county, where twenty souls^ 
have been lately brought to G6d.<^Came to Bemnet Hills, hungry 
and unwell. My soul enjoys mach of God. 

We had a shaiking time at H— 's : a sweet love-feast and sacra- 
ment. Thence I went to Pope's chapel : I came to G — 's. 

Saturday 24. Rode to Kimborough's, twenty miles, where there 
were many people, and but little engagedness among them. After 
attending a few a|$pointments on Tuesday 27, I crossed Haw- 
River, and rode twenty miles to brother Kennon's, in Chatham 



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rfj 



)3^9.] REV. FRANCIS ASBVRT'a JOURKAL. 43 

conoty : I bad not been is this county for eisht yeara; we had a 
meeting at night, but I was strangely shut up*. 

Thursday SSL Rode to W.'s, wet and water-bound : we found' 
the poor Antinomidu drunk ; however, as the rain wa^ great, we 
made out to stay. 

ti^riday 30. Rode through the rain to Bowdon^s. Deep River 
was very high ; and we had an awful time in crossing it. 

Saturday 31. Came to Fair-Creek, which was nearly swimming 
high. Then to Little-River, but we could not cross: we stop- 
ped at M'D.'s, and ate our own morsel ; afterward we rode down 
the river, and was thankful to be housed. 

Monday, February 2. I attended an appointment made for ano- 
ther preacher at Mask's, where there were a few serious souls. 

Tuesday 3. I stopped on my way at Dr. King^s» and took dinner^ 
and had my horse shod. By some means my appoiqtments have 
mi been published. 

South Carolina. — Caine to the Green-Poods ; where there was 
an appointment for me ; I felt a little comforted. I have rode about 
one hundred and forty miles in the last seven days, through a very 
disagreeable part of the country to travel in when the waters are 
Istgjk : I have had various exercises, and haire suffered hunger, fa- 
tigue, and fever, and have not had a comfortable bed for a week past. 

Wednesday 4. I Wasj^much moved at the Beauty -Spot, on *' Ye 
did run well," &c. I found it had been the case here; but ah! 
the use of strong liqour. 

We rode to R.'s; a long stretch across a deep swamp : we came- 
in late, and I preached with little liberty. I lodged at -^ — a poor, 
kind man; 

Sunday 8. Notwijthstandiog the rain, we had many to hear at 
Fiowers's. It was in due season that I was led, out here on Peter's 
denial of his Master : for there has been a great falling away, par- 
titularly by drunkenness : this was not told me till after preaching. 

Monday 9. Rode to Rewell's meeting- house : my soul was in 
peace, and uncommonly led out in preaching. TheOce to PorVs, 
Long-Ferry, three miles across Pee Dee : the inundation of the 
river, occasioned by the rains, has made a mere sea. My miod 
has been variously tried and strongly exercised by dejection. Lord, 
give me faith and patience ! 

Tuesday 10. Came, after a ride of forty miles, to Georgetown, 
and lectured on Isai. xl. 1 — 9. 

Friday 13. Rode forty-five miles to Wappataw; and next day 
arrived in Charleston in sweet peace of soul. 



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44 RBVi^ plUireis ▲SBtJB'^'s ^ovMAi.. (1*fB9- 

Sunday 15. Pre^eted in \ht moitAAg with siotte li|bt. In tli6 
afternoon on Matt. xi. 28, 29, dO. I preached again oti Tuesday 
and on Wednesday. Mj heart wa§ >dra«i^n out greatly for these 
people. 

Firday 20. I spoke very pointedly on Rev. iii. 20:— 22. bnt 
the people are of small spiritaal dnderst^ndiog. Lord, stir them 
up ! I was closely einj^oyed in making my plan, and arratiging 
Ihe papers fot conference. 1 made out a register of aU the 
preachers on the cootinent who bear the name of Mcjthodists. 

Saturday 21. I Was rery til ^ith a fever and chdic ; bbd it 
being rainy, I kept within ddors. \ 

Sunday 2S. Very rainy, but 1 had about a hundred Uackd, and 
nearly Efly whites' to hear me. I pireached also in the aftern^oDd, 
and at ntght. 

Tuesday 24. 1 4et out for Edisto circuit, jonmeying up the sotfth 
side of Ashley-River. Here live the Tich and' great who hikth 
bouses in tfie city and country, and go backward and forward in 
their splendid chariots : the land, howevel, with the etceptton trf 
the rice-fields, b barren, the Weather is cold ; but my soul htts 
. peace, full and flowing peac6. After riding thirtj^-sit miles, 1 waft 
kindly entertained by Mr. Oiveham— but there was still somei9iiD|; 
wanting. 

Wednesday 26. They were out of bread at P-^ *s, and we' 

found bur own stores of use. We had to send one of our wearj 
horses eight miles to fetch the flour from the mill. 

Thursday 26. Rode to Bruten's, and enjoyed uncommon hap- 
piness in God. Some time in the night Dr. Coke came in : he hkd 
landed in Charleston about three hours after I left the city : next, 
day he and myself both spoke at Ridgell's. 

Sunday, March 1. We spent the day at Chester's : we had rery 
few hearers, occasi<H)fed, in part, by a black man's preaching not 
far distant. ^ 

Monday 2. i was violently etercised.^ The Doctor and myself 
both preached at Pockett's. Thence we set out with a design t6 
reach Treadway's, bat were g^^atiy deceived, and went up the 
road that leads to Ninety-Six ; at last wfe thought wig had gone fat 
enoQgh, and stopped at a boose twenty-one miles from the plac^ 
whence we started, and still further from the place we ain>ed at. 

Georgia. — Came to Doctor Fuller's, at Beach- Island, and next 
day arrived in Augusta, Georgia. Riding late two nfghts past, hal 
much disordered me ; having taken a cold, attefnded wHh a feter 
and pain in the head. 



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IWI,] RBV. MlAKtJrt lSltJRt*S8 J6tll«fAL. 46 

Tbarsday 5. I obtabed a little rest at brother ffttinesti. 
' Friday 6. * Althoagb it rallied, we had a few people ftt Br<>*vrM^ 
bdirbugh : nett day there Was some life at Scott's t here they hat<& 
btnilt HB a large chapel. 

Sattday 8. Our conference began ^t Gratit**. Hefe we hate a 
hotlse for public worship ; and -one also at Merreweather^s. ^n 
Thorsday we jippointed a committee to procure 600 acres of land 
ibr the estabiishment o( a school in the state of Georgia. Cotifef^ 
etace beiti^ ended, we directed our hasty steps back to Charleston, 
CdlNbg at the several places We attended on our journey hither. 

Souttt CAftoLiN A.— Sunday 15. We reached the city, batitig 
r6de two htlt^dred miles in about five days and t«0 hours. Here 
1 received a'iitter pill from one of my greatest f^ri ends-upraise tb« 
Lord for my trials also — may they all be sanctified ! 

Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, 17, IB, 19. were spent in 
tottferetice : it was a time of peace and love. My fhrnd was much 
hcrrried with book, and other tempoVal concerns. We had aft 
unkind attack published against us relative to our slave rules ; it 
Was answered to porpose. I had not much doubt who the author 
*f this unworthy work was. 

Saturday 21, was spent in preparing to (nove on Monday ttttt 

Sunday S2. Doctor Coke preached an ordination sermon in the 
forenoon ; atid in the afterttoon I Fetf livi^ly in soul whilst I enlarged 
on Eeek. xxxiii. 5. 

Monday 23. We left the city, and rode upwards of forty miles. 

Tuesday S4. Crcmsed Santee, atid caaHe to brother Browman's. 

Wednesday 26. Preached at Gibson's— then rode to Ramsay's, 
Xiekr Statesburg, sixteen miles. 

Thursday 26. I was hurried away to preach a fnneral sermon. 
t hate rode abodt one hundred and fifly miles, and preached three 
times since I left Charleston, last Monday morning. I am at times 
tempted to lightfiess ; yet, blessed be God, my soul has sweet com- 
munion with him. 

Saturday 28. At Bradford's chapel I preached on Hebr. xi. 
16, 17. At Rembert^s, ola Isaiah tl, 1. My soul was blest among 
the people. 

Sunday 29. 1 Was led out in preaching and prayer ; the people 
were melted ; and the work of God progresses. I trust the Lord 
will get himself great glory here. ^ 

Monday 30. We rode about fifty miles to Colonel Marshall's : 
the weather Was very warm, and we were hungry and weary. 



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.46 WEV. FRANCIS ASBXJRV's JOITRNAL. [1789; 

North Cailolisa, — Wednesday, April 1. The people catiie 
together at Jackson's at twelve o'clock ; I did nof reach there 
until three — I enlarged a little on Zech. xiii. 12. and was sonse- 
what serere. I rode to Savannah-Creek» and met with an Antino- 
mian people. Reached Threadgill's ; having been out twelve 
hours, and rode nearly forty miles, without food for man or beast. 

Friday 3. Preached by the way, and came to Randall's^ twenty . 
miles. We have rode three hundred miles in about nine day», and 
our horses' backs are bruised withtheir loads. 1 want more faith, 
patience, and resignation to the will of God in all things. I wish 
to send an extra preacher to the Waxsaws, to preach to the Cata* 
baw Indians : they have settled amongst the whites on a tract of 
country twelve miles square. 

Sunday 5. We had. a move wbilst I was speaking on Isai. xxxiii. 
14, 15. some souls were brought to experience peace with God. 
Here Doctor Coke came up with us : we expect to continue toge- 
ther for some time. We had a \(mg ride to Jones's : I preached 
there^ and continued on to IVt'Knight's, on the Yadkin. 

Friday 11. We opened our' conference, and were blessed with 
peace and union ; our brethren from the westward met us, and. 
we had weighty matters for consideration before us. 

ViRGFjNiA. — We left M^Knigbt's, having about two hundred miles 
to ride iti four days. We had a tedious ride to Almond's, and a 
blessed season oi^ grace. — Set out from Almond's, and reached 
Good's. 

Saturday 19. We rode thirty-six miles to Petersburg. On Sun- 
day the Doctor preached. I had nothing to say in public. We met 
the preachers on Saturday and Sunday evenings, and brought our 
work forward. I had disagreeable feelings while here ; there is a 
spiritual death among the people. — I spoke a little on Monday and 
on Wednesday, 

Thursday 23. We came to Manchester. My exertions, want of 
rest, and distress of mind, brought on a violent headach ; instead of 
preaching, I found myself under the necessity of going to bed. 
Doctor Coke had gone over the river to Richmond and preached 
there, • 

Friday 24. We rode about fifty miles ; and next day reached Fre- 
dericksburg, but found no door open. We met with one soul in 
distress. 

Sunday 26, Having no appointment to preach, we pushed on and 
rode forty*five miles, and lodged in Prince- William county. 



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1789.] AEV. FRANCIS ASBUAv's JOU&NAL. 47 

Mooday 27. Arrived at Leeabarg, and opened tlie coofer^nce. 
We found a little rest comfortable to man, and advaotageoas to beast. 
MARYLA5D.<-p-Thur8day 30. We crossed Patomac into Maryland. 
My soul cleafes to God ; bat I am again a£Bicted in my head. Reach- 
ing brother Nicholson's, in Montgomery, we were kindly entertained. 
. Friday, May 1. I f<^t life in speaking. 

Saturday 2. We attended qufirterly meeting. Not being permit- 
ted to use the chapel, we went into a tobacco-bouse : many attend- 
ed — and the young converts shouted aloud. 

Sunday 3. Was a great day to saints and sinners : God has wrought 
wonderfully in brother Pigman's neighbourhood ; fifty or sixty souls 
have been suddenly and powerfully converted to God. 

Came to Baltimore, and had very lively meeting»^; multitudes 
came to hear, and great cries were heard among the people, who 
continued together until ^hree o'clock in the morning ; many souls 
professed to be convicted, converted, sanctified. 

On reaching Cokesbury, we found that here also God was work- 
ing among the students. One, however, we expelled. We revised 
oar laws, and settled our temporal concerns. 

Tuesday 12. We were detained at Susquehannah-Ferry, so that 
we were compelled to ride in the night to reach Chester-Town. 

We had a blessed work of God on our way, loud shouting was 
heard in almost every meeting — at sacrament especially, the Lord's 
power and presence were great indeed. — At Dqck-Creek we had a 
good season. 

Saturday 16. Doctor Coke preached in Wilmington. 
Sunday 17. The Doctor preached at Chester ; and in Philadel- 
phia in the evening. 

Wednesday 20. In the evening the Lord's power came down 
among the people in the city ; and I hope to hear He is doing great 
things. 

New-Jbrsey.— Thursday 21. Rode to Burlington in Jersey. 
In crossing the Delaware we encountered an unpommqu storm, 
but were providentially brought safely over. We were comfortable 
in our meeting ; but we bad a painful interview and explanation 
with L. H. H. O, my soul, keep near to God ! 

Friday 22. We rode to Trenton ; and on Saturday 23. opened 
our conference in great peace. We laboured for a manifestation 
of the Lord's power, and it w^s not altogether in vain. 
Sunday 24. We had abundance of preaching. 
Monday 25. We rode throogh a heavy rain to Elizabethtoivn, 



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* 

9ii4 peit ilay r.e4cbed New-Yprk. I wat aader great tniraiV of 
9aul for a i^f ival of raligioa. 

N«w-Yo]iK.*^Tbqr9daj «8, Our cpofereoce began : nil tbiogs 
wero contacted in peace aad order. Our work opens io New-Toric 
9la(« t N^w Eoglaod $tr9i^heth out iha hand to oiir mioistry^ and I 
trust thousaodfl will shortly feel its ioflqeoce.-^My sool shall pirwe 
tSe l^ord. In tbp midst of haste 1 find peace within. 

Sooday SI* We bad a gracious seasoo to preachers and people^ 
while I opened and applied Isaiah «?. 6, 7, 8. '' And in this mQUii* 
tain shall the Lord of Hosts make unto all people a feast of fat 
things ; a feast of wines on the lees ; of fat things fa)) of marrow t 
of vtrines on the lees well refined.*^ 

Friday, June $. Doctor Coke iefl ns and went ep board the 
Union for LiTerpool. My soul retires into solitude, and to Gpd., 
This erening I was enabled to speak alarmingly, and felt my heart 
much engaged for about thirty mintites oq Isaiah vxif. ]?« 18, 19. 
the power of God, and a baptising flame came among the people. . 

I have lately read Wbisiop's Translation of the Apostolical 
Institutions (so called)-^Ai9P Oave's Lives of the Apostles and 
Fathers. 

Sunday 7. Was a good day. I felt inwardly quickened toward*- 
the close of my morning's discourse, and the people were moved ; 
in the afternoon many were divinely drawn, and my own sou) was 
humbled and filled with the Ipve of God* — Several souls have beeoi 
stirred up this conference : 1 trust the Lord will claim the pto-v 
pie of York for hjs own. 

Tuesday 9. We left the eity of New York, and came to Kings- 
bridge ; after refreshing ourselves and our horses, we pushed on ta 
East-Chester^-^Tbe appointment for us was to have been made at 
D-^'s: there came together about two hundred people^ among 
whom there was a considerable move. 

Wednesday JO. My hprse was lamed, (by fetters, I suppose) so 
that I bad to walk part of the way to NewRochelle : proper 
notice of my coming not having been given, I bad but one huDh- 
dred and fifty hearers.-r-We bave a good houiie here ; a large so- 
ciety ; and several of the old members whpm I formed into a 
society some years past, are still alive ,to God. 

Thursday 11. Rfy horse continues lame ;-r>tbe journey is Iong> 
and tbe day i|nfavourable-**yet I must go, 

r came on to CruohPond, and expected to have preachpd at 
Oakley '9 Qhnrob» but my appointment was made at P— 's, wbere* 



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17i^.] REIT. FBAHCXS ASBURv'i JOtlILN.AI^ 49 

I had but few. Returoed to F-— — 'a ; we had a comfortable time 
at Oakley's charch.at seven, o'clock. 

We rode four miles, aud stopped at K — 's for some refreshment s 
then hasted on to Peekskill- Hollo w« where I found a poor, simple- 
bearted people, to whom 1 enforced *^ Repent, and be converted, 
that your sins may be blotted out ;*'' there wap a power attended 
the word. We rode aboui twenty miles to brother Jackson's, 
where brother Cook lay sick : we had heard that he was dead. I 
laboured onder violent temp^tion — vast consolation followed. ^ 
Glory! Glory to God! He bears roe up, body and soul. In our 
way we stepped into a house, exhorted and prayed with the mother 
and daughter, who appeared thankful for our services. 

Sunday 14. Preached at Jackson's, in Ihitchess county, to a con- 
siderable number of quiet hearers ; I hope not in vain. Brother 
Cook is low in body^ but his soul is solidly happy in God, who 
will be glorified in his life or death. The people here are a still 
kind of folks ; but God can work in a storm or a calto. 

Monday 15. We rode about twenty miles to Dover : the settlers 
in this neighbourhood are mostly Low Dutch. It is a day of small 
things with us ; yet I trust there are a few feeling souls. We had 
wj alarming meetings at noon and at night. Thence to Oblongs, 
where I found a dull people : I exerted myself, sick as I was ; and 
had I been well, I should have made no little noise. After meet- 
ing we rode to «— — , where an Antinomian came, drunk as he was, 
t«%ell his experience: he gabbled strangely until I stopped his 

mouth ; he then left us. Rode td L s, and preached on " Seek 

ye first the kingdom of God," &c. the people appeared like rocks ; 
O that the hammer and fire of God's word and love might come 
down among them ! 

. Friday 19. 1 preached in a barn on the North-River : my hear- 
ers were chiefly Low Dutch. Our congregations are small— t^e ' 
craft 18 in danger; we are therefore not to wonder if we meet with 
opposition. To begin at the right end of the work, is to go first to 
the poor; these willf the rich, may possibly j hear the truth : there 
are among us who have blundered here. 1 feel as if 1 wanted to 
get across the river ; I am pressed in spirit, and pity our preachers 
who labour here ; it seems as if I should die amongst this people 
with exertions and grief. 

Sunday 21. Preached at Latin-Town to a poor, dull people ; 
some, however, appeared to be moved. At Allen's I was more 
enlarged, and n^any wept, and felt the word. We have had a try* 
ing, warm day to ride in, and preach twice. 

Vol. II. 7 



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50 EEV. FKAKCIS ASBtJJtT^S JTOVMAXi. [I9t&* 

Monday 22. Rain and bnsinasa prevented moat of flit p^ofle 
from attendiDg at Newboig, ei^cept a few WMnen. I felt mored 
while I spoke on Isaiah liiii. : I hope the Lord will water the word 
sown. 

Ni;w-Jersev.— Thursday 25. 1 was flick. Brother Whatcoat 
gare them a sermon at Warwick, an the '* wages of sin ;'* and I 
§^ve them a Bnishiog exhortation: I have ^no desire to flee them 
again antil there is some change. 

Friday 26. The power of God came down among the people at 
B.'s, and there was a great melting. After meeting we rode 
through the heat fifteen miles to Pepper^Cotton. 

Saturday 27. Rode to the stone church ; and found stony hearts. 
The Methodists ought to preach only in their own houses-^i have 
done with the houses of other people : brother Whatcoat bore the 
cross, and preached for me here. When I see the stupidity of the 
people, and the contentiousness of their spirit, I pity and griere 
over them. I have hard labour in travelling amongpt the rocks and 
kills. 

Sunday 28. My body is weak ; my spirits are low ; and I am bpr« 
dened under the spiritual death of the people : yet;, O my floul, 
praise the Lord ! I spoke a few words with freedom at Sweezey*«, 
to insensible people ; we then drove tbrongb^ the heat to A%fQrd% 
where I found life and liberty amongst my hearers. 

Monday 29. We bad a heavy ride to C.'s, where brother W. 
preached, while some of the audience slept. Thence we cane to 
M'CuUock's. I had no small trial with A. C. who was once a 
preacher amongst us and disowned. He had, in some instances, 
fallen short of his quarterage during his ministry, and now insisted 
on my paying him his deficiencies ; 1 did not conceive that in jqfl* 
tice or conscience this was required of me ; nevertheless, to get 
rid of him, I gave him £14. 

Pennsvlvania. — Wednesday, July 1. I had a good time at 
Newman's, near Hunt's ferry. We crossed the ferry on Thurs- 
day, about six o^clock, got some refreshment at Inkletown, whence 
we proceeded to Climer's, where we bad a good meeting. 

Friday 3. Came to Philadelphia ; here 1 found enough to do. 
My soul longs for more religion in this city ; I am distressed for 
these people : twenty years have we been labouring in Pennsylva- 
nia, and there are not one thousand in society: how many of 
these are truly converted God knows. 

Sunday 5. We had a dead time^ O that the Almighty would 
bless and stir up this people ! 



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ITflS.] :&EV. FRANCIS asuvrt's journal , 51 

Rode to Raiidon» where there were- a few feeling souk. 

Tuesday 7. It being harvest-home, and short uotice, we had few 
hearers. I lore God supremely, and feel myself greatly weaned 
from earth : I have a g^erioua victory ; sweetly resting and suffer* 
ing in Christ. Yesterday I felt so unwell that I could scarcely 
sit OB my horse. My soul was so filled with God» that it appear^ 
ed aa if all sense of pain was suspended by the power of faith. I- 
was so led out in speaking at the Valley church, that all my suffer- 
ings were forgotten. I spoke very loud a part of the time ; we 
had a gracious season. 

Wednesday 8« After riding thirty miles, I preached at Rod- 
fong's at night with satisfaction, and souls were brought to God. 

Friday 10. 1 called on Mr. H ^, a Dutch Presbyterian minis- 
ter ; he and hir wife were both very kind : I believe they are chil- 
dren of God, I had an interview with Mr. M , a Lutheran 

minister^ and teacher of languages : he is a- childlike» simple- 
hearted man, and has a consiiderable knowledge of the arts and 
sciences. We came to York; but I felt oo desire to preach, i 
proceeded on to Carlisle : in the morning I was permitted to 
preach in the church ; but in the evenings this privilege wasdenied 
mi : ft was said^ the reasoa was, becauae I did not read prayers^ 
which I had forborne to do because of my eyes ; I apprehend the 
true cause might be found in the pointed manner in which I spoke , 
on <* Blessed is'he whosoever shall not be offended in me." I went 
to th% court-house and called them to repentance, from '* Look unto 
me, and be ye saved, all ye ends of the earth ;" to the great offence 
of all who set themselves up for judges, and who declared it was 
no preaching. 

Wednesday 1$. Came to Juniata- River ; we were well nigh 
being lost in the woods, but kind Providence brought us safe in 
company with brother W— to I. C 's, and we lodged there. 

Thursday 16. Came to G--^ — 's, nine miles from Bedford, and 
being informed that the people thereabouts were willing to hear, 
we yielded to the persuasion of some who desired us to stay and 
preach* 

Friday 17. Werode~i)nto Wells's, a place visited by our preach- 
ers : here we had a good night's rest. 

Saturday 18. We passed Greensburg, stopping at Hanover 
Davis's, a man who has had trouble and conviction : his three sons 
were killed by the Indians; his wife and two children taken 
prisoners, and detained from him eighteen months. 

Sunday 19. Came to Rowlett's and dined ; thence we set out and 



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52 KEV. FRANCIS AIBVRY'S JOURN^At. [17S9. 

reached Pittsbarg, twenty-five miles ; I preached in the evening 
to a serious audience. This is a day of very small things : what 
can we hope ? yet, what can we fear ? I felt great love to the peo- 
ple ; and hope God will arise to help and bless them. 

Monday 20. I preached on Isai. Iv. 6, 7. had some zeal : and 
the people were very attentive ; hut alas ! they are far from God, 
and too near the savages in situation and manners. We were not 

agreeably stationed at , who was continually drunk, and our 

only alternative was a tavern. 

Tuesday 21. 1 spoke on <* The Son of Man is come to seek and 
to save that which was lost :" we were crowded, and I felt more 
courage. The night before, the rude soldiers were talking and 
dancing about the door ; but now they were quiet and mute ; this, 
I judged, might be owing to the interference of the officers, or 
magistracy. 

Wednesday 22. We left Pittsburg, and came by the Alleghany- 
River to Wilson's, who was formerly an elder in the Presbyterian 
Church. Brothers Green, Willis, and Conway, were my compa* 
Dions on the road. 

Thursday 23. We had a number of poor, attentive people at 

M'G 's, the weather was excessively wurm, and We were in a 

close log-house, without so much as a window to give us air. 

Saturday 25. We rode through a heavy rain to Yohogany, to 
brother Moore^s quarterly meeting. * We had a shout amount the 
people, and I felt much liberty of soul in speaking. In the love- 
feast the Lord manifested his power ; one woman, in particular, 
was so wrought upon that she fell to the ground. 

We came to Union-Town, where there appeared to be some 
melting love among the people. Now I believe God is about to 
work in this place : I expect our circuits are better supplied than 
formerly ; many of the people are alive to God ; and there are 
openings in many places. I wrote a letter to Corn-planter, chief 
of the Seneca nation of Indians. I hope God will shortly visit 
these outcasts of men, and send messengers to publish the glad 
tidings of salvation amongst them. I have constant consolation, 
and do not feel like my former self. 

Maryj^and. — Friday 31. I crossed the mountain, and lodged, I 
trust for the last time, at S - ' s. Preached at Barratl's, to a 
dry, unfaithful people. The number of candidates for the minis- 
try are many ; from which circumstance I am led to think the 
Lord is about greatly to enlarge the borders of Zion. 

Monday, August 3. Preached at Cumberland. It is partly fd- 



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1789.] ACr. FKAKCI» ASByAY^S JOUllNAU 63 

fifled-^-none cared to give us ought to eat. My poor couutrj- 
woman, who sometimes heard and trembled, was absent this time ; 
in her siqkness she cried out, ^'it is too late'* — and rejected prayer. 
It was a time of refreshing at Old Town, in Maryland ; the Lord is 
among this people. Brother Willis preached the funeral sermon 
of Mrs. Spri^ ; a blooming, fair woman ; at her own desire she 
was interred in our burying>ground. She died greatly lamented by 
her family, to whom her deiaith is one loud call to turn to God. I 
trust she died in peace, v 

Virginia. — Friday 7. Came to Bath. I took lodgings with our 
Virginia friends, Adams and Summers. 

Saturday 8. My soul has communion with God, eren here.. 
When I behold the conduct of the people who attend the springs,, 
particularly the gentry, I am led to thank God that I was not born 
to riches ; I rather bless God, that I am not in hell, and that I can- 
iH)t partake of pleasure with sinners. I have read much, and 
spoke but little since I came here. The water has been powerful 
in its operation. I have been in great pain, and my studies are 
interrupted. 

August 19. I left Bath ; which was much sooner than I ex- 
pected. 

God was powerfully present at Hendrick's, where there were 
twelve or fifteen hundred people : many professed to be converted 
to God — Glory be to his qame ! My body enjoys better health ; 
fiuad Messed be God ! my soul is wholly kept above sin : yet I 
blame myself for not being more watchful unto prayer; and I 
sometimes use unnecessary words. We made a tour through Berk* 
ley circuit, where I had some freedom; and where we found not 
a little living afiection in the congregations. 

Sunday 23. We had alarming words at Winchester, from JBzek.. 
xxxiii. 11. I feel the worth of souls, and their disobedience gives 
mer^sorrow of heart. — Oh Jehovah ^ work for thine own glory 1 

Saturday 29. Our quarterly meeting began in the woods near 
Shepherd's-Town : we had about seven hundred people : I felt 
energy and life in preaching, and power attended the word* 
Brother Willis spoke, and. the Lord wrought powerfully. 

Sunday 30. Was a high day — one thousand or fifteen hundred 
people attended ; sinners began to mock, and. many cried aloud ; 
and so it went. I was wonderfully led out on Psalm cxlv. 8 — 12 ; 
and spoke, first atid last, nearly three hours. O, how the wicked 
contradicted and opposed ! 



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54 REV. FRANCIS ASBIIRY*S JOUMAL. [17^9. 

MAiiYLAifj>« — ^Wednesday, September 1. I came to brother PU* 
lips'a^ in Marylaod, and had a qtiickeniRg time. God has preached 
to the whole family by the death of bis daogbter, and the fire 
spreads throagheot the whole neighbourhood. 

We ratt^ needs go ^through Samaria.— I called at Frederidc- 
Town, and had a nomber of wild, unfeeling hearers. Thence to 
Liberty, where the Almighty is working amongst the peoj^e^ i 
preached in the day, zni again at night — I hope not in vain. 

Friday 4. I rode to Seneca — O what hath God wrought for these 
people ! manj prcfcious souls have been brought to the kltowledge 
of salvation. 

Mondey 7. Pleached at Rowle's : bere fifty or sixty souls pro- 
fess to have been brought to God in a few weeks. We had a shout, 
and a soul coaverted. to God. 1 preaohed in the ereniog at Balti- 
more, on " L<vd, lAccease our faith." 

Tuesday 8. Preached in town and at the Point. The last quar'> 
terlymeetiE^ was ^wonder- working time : fiAy or sixty souls, then' 
and the^e, appeared to be brought to God : peofde were daily pray^ 
ing from house to house ; some crying for mercy, others rejoicing 
in God, and not a few, day after day, joining in society for the be- 
nefit of a religious, fellowship. Praise the Lord, O my soiri*t '-'1 
spent some time in visiting from house to house, and begging fer 
the college. The married aien, and the single men; the married 
women, and the single women, I met apart, and was comforted*. 
Many of the children of the Methodists are the happy subjects of 
thn glorious revived. We have more members in Baltimore, 
(town and Point,) than in any city or town on the continent besides. 

Sunday 13. I preached three times ; baptised, and administered 

the sacrament twice ; and ordained A. F. ■ ■ and W. L dea* 

cons. I trust it was a profitable time to many.--<-I took told, ^nd 
was much hurt by labour, so that I could hardly move my body. 

Monday 14. Came to Daniel Evan's, one of our oldest menders*, 
and his house one of our oldest stands ; to this d$y he has continued 
to be steadfiist. — The Lord has now made bare his arm, an ^ brought 
in forty or fifty young people, among whom are some of his own 
children, for whom so many prayers have been ofiered up to God : 
the fire 'of the Lord spreads from house tb house, and from heart 
to heart. 

Tuesday 15. I bad but few hearers at Hunt's chapel, but the 
Lord was present, and I am persuaded there was not an unfeeling 
son] in the bouse. I spent the evening with one of the great : the 



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lIMft] REV. FiuHGis Asavjuy's JOtmicAX.. 66 

L«rd and bid owd coDscieooe will witoisM that I did not flatisr ina. 

that his soul were converted to God i 

Friday 18. At G 'g we had a toleom time ; the power of 

the Lord haa been displayed here to great purpoae. 

Sunday 20. Was ao alarming time at the Foriu church— a nuaber 
of serious people— oo trifliog here now : how many dead aouls 
restored from a backsliding state ! and their children converted too. 

Monday 21. Rode in the evening to Cokesbury. I found L 
Steward had gone to his final rest : he was a pious lad who kept too 
close to his studies. He praised God to the last, even when he was 
delirious : it made the students very solemn for a season. 

Sunday 27. Preached at Gunpowder chapel in the forenoon, 
and at Abingdon at three o'clock. - 

Monday 28. After a long absence I preached at Bush Forest ^ 
chapel : this was one of the first houses that was built for the ^ 
Methodists in the state of Maryland ; and one of the first societi^ 
was Ibrmed here. They had been dead for many years ; of late 
the Lord has visited this neighbourhood^ and I suppose, from report, 
fifty souls have been converted to God. 

I preached at Havre de Grace with divine illuminatbn and 
authority. Thence I went to — — ; I was hardly welcome-^per- 
haps 1 wrong him ; 1 shall know wh^a 1 call again. Gdied at I. 
and S. Hersey's, and found the Lord had not departed firom these 
housea; I hope their children will all come to God. 

Wednesday 30. At Wilmington I was warm in spirit. Thence 

1 rode to Philadelphia ; where I gave a abort discourse on another 
man's appointment ; my subject— Jecab's wrestling with God. On 
Friday night I apoke on *' Who may abide the day of his coming?" 

Sunday, Octc^r 4. We were not without the presence of the 
Lord at our love-feast and sacrament this day. Brother Willis 
spoke feelingly in the afternoon. 

Monday 5. We had a meeting of the principal members in 
order to consult about the incorporation of our church. 

New* Jersey. — Tuesday 6. After twenty years preaching, they 
have bnik a very beautiful meeting-house at BurMngton ; but it is 
low times there in religion. At New-Mills both preachers and 
people appeared to feel, and the watch-night was attended with 
some breathings after God. 

Thursday 9. We had a poor, dry meeting at Mount-HoUy : some 
were alarmed with fear, lest we should make a noise as we had 



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6& Riy* rs^tsscin A50vay's jovmal. [1768i 

cidoe iQ Philadelphia ; sonie dear couotcy frienda felt the Lord 
powerfoUy, aod carried hooie the flame. 

Friday 10. i felt inward strength at Bethel qd. Isai. Ixtii. IS 
The ^ower vras present, but there is not as mnch religion amongit 
them as formerly. 

Saturday 11. My ride to. Bethel was thirty miles; and thirty 
miles more broaght me to Deerfield ; ^ I spoke very alarmingly, an4 
to little purpose at the Methodisttco^Presbyteuan church. 

Sunday 12. At the Glass- House I felt myself, and the Lord made 
others feel-*-to purpose, I hope. Thence to Salem,, at tlM^ee 
o'clock : it was leveliing work, storm and thunder, whilst I opened 
and applied Isai. izx. 20, 21. 

Monday 13. I returned to Philadelphia, where there were five 
;^ criminals hanged ; one of them professed conversion. 
""' \^ Tuesday 15. Was the day of election for representatives^ 
^^ching in the eveniog was to little purpose, on " Arm of Uie 
Lord awake." '' O Lord, of life ! when shall it be.*' . ,:, 

Delaware. — I preached at Wilmington, on the dedicatipn of our 
new chapel : thus far are we come after more than twenty years' 
labour in this place. 

Thursday 174 I preached at Dickinson's. Here we have a.goc4 
house built ; and a blessed, foundation of living, stones fixed on the 
chief comer-stone. After preaching at Severson's and Duck* 
Creek Gross Roads, we came on Saturday to Dover quarterly abat- 
ing ; here the congregation was large and serious. ,f; 

Sunday 20. Preached on *' The Lord whom ye seek shall sud- 
denly come to his temple." Ordained W. I. and I. B. elders* 
We have had encotiragiog intelligence of an opening in New-Eng- 
land : we shall send Jacob Brush to assist Jesse Lee, who has been 
some time visiting those parts. 

Reached judge Whitens in the evening, and rested there on 
Monday. 

Tuesday 22. Rode to Millfard ; where we bad a great move aod 
noble shouting. 1 felt myself very unwell. We had a very c<^- 
fortable love-feast next morniog. 1 was taken with a sore throat, 
• and brother Whatcoat supplied my lack of service. 1 was laid up 
four days ; a violent headach and fever attended the inflamma- 
tion in my throat, with little or no perspiration. I made use of 
flaxseed tea, and a very great expectoration followed. 
- Wednesday 30. I came to Lowry's, at the head of Nanticoke. 



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17E9.] REV. FRAHCIS ASBURY '8 JOUIUVAL. 57 

I still feel much ps^io, mth a r<^?er and hoarseness. I must take 
blame to myself for ridiug sometimes in the night and cold even- 
ings without an upper coat : I am growing old ; add I live much in 
sonthern climes. 1 lodged at brother H — 's, who was ill with a 
bilious and nervous complaint. 

Thursday 31. Came to W , and was kindly entiertained. 

Friday, November 1. We rode in the rain — it was almost 
enough to kill healthy men. — Afler steeping our feet in warm water, 
we came to brother Downing's. Nest day we rode twenty-eight 
miles to Paramour's ; my rest being interrupted, I rose early, and 
rode through the cold to the lore-feoBt, where we had great 
shouting. 

Although very weak in body, I rode thirty miles ; a dish of tea, 
and a biscuit and a half, was all my food till six o'clock in the evening. 

Monday 4. I rode forty miles to Magotty-Bay, and preached to a 
few people. The Antinomians please them and gain them — ^alas ! 
for us. O, that the Lord would send an earthquake of his power 
among them ! 

Tuesday 6. We hadi an open time at brother J 's. The 

school for the charity boys much occupies my mind : our annual ex- 
|l1ANiiture will amount to £200, and the aid we get is but trifling : 
the poverty of the people, and the general scarcity of money, is 
Hie great source of our difficulties ; the support of our preachers 
who have fai|>ilies absorbs our collections, so that nmther do our 
elders or the charity school get much. We have the poor, but 
they have no money -, and the worldly, wicked rich we do not 
choose to ask. 

I have rode about one hundred miles from Sunday morning till 
Tuesday night ; at the same time very ynwell with a cold and influ- 
enza, which spreads in almost every family. 

Wednesday 6. We had many people at Accomack court-house, 
and power attended the word whilst brothers E. and W. spoke 

Thursday & Friday 7, 8. We held quarterly meeting at Down- 
ings ; the first day the Lord was powerfully present, and the peo- 
ple were greatly agitated ; on the second day at the love-feast and 
sacrament there was a shoot, and I believe two hundred souls prais* 
ed God at one time ; my soul was happy among them. 

Maryland. — Saturday 9. At Annamessex quarterly meeting the 

Lord was amongst the people on the first day. On Sunday at the 

love-feast, the young were greatly filled, and the power of the 

Most High spread throughout ; it appeared as if they would have 

Vol. II. 8 



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58 mV. PtLAMCtS MMmmY^B ffCfOMIlU [I7W. 

coDtiwied tiir niglit if they had not been in some measure forced 
to stop that we might have pabiic worship. I stood tfear the win* 
dow and spoke on Isaiah Iziv. 1 — 5. there was a stir, and se* 
Teral sinners went away. There were rery uncommon dream- 
stances of a sopematural kind said to be observed at this meeting. 
The saints of the worlds are dreadfully displeased at this work ; 
which, after all, is the best evidence that it is of God. 

The preachers orged me to preach at Princess Anne ; I did so ; 
and many poor, afflicted people came ont ; I tm.st some will be 
able to say of Christ, " He is altogetbor lovely !" 

I felt nncommon poorer In preaching at Thomas Garrettson's — 
sorely the Lord will work. 

At the quarterly meeting I did not speak the first day ; (he se- 
cond, I preached on Rom. x. 14, 15. there was a little stir, yet 
this is said (o be the dullest, or one of the dullest places in the 
peninsula. 

Thursday 14, was a warm day, and we had a heary ride Itf 
the Line chapel : there were but few hearers, owing to the great 
affliction that prevails. The influenza, and other complaints, carry 
off many people ; and it 4S an awful time. 

Friday 15. Came to Broad-Creek chapel, where some oftliil 
wicked had broken the windows. There liad been a stir at the 
quarterly meeting, and a testimony borne against their revellings, 
and it was judged, that on this account the injury was committed 
on the house. My throat was sore, and my testimony feeble oA 
2 Cor. vt. 1. f rode to the head of Nanticoke, where brotter 
Whatcoat preached a warm sermon. 

Saturday 16. Preached at Brown^s chapel: the geoend aHlie* 
tion hindered many from attending ; but we were happy "^together, 
and it was a strengthening, confirming time to many tried souls. 

Sunday 17. The people were shouting the praises of God when 
I came ; after the noise and fervour Bad subsided, 1 preached on 
the men of Nineveh's repenting at the preaching of Jondi ; and 
the word sunk into some hearts. 

Monday 18. We had a noUe shout, and the people rejoiced in 
the Lord. 

Friday 22, being the day -of our quarterly meeting fast^ we 
strove to keep it as well as our feeble bodies would admit. 

Saturday and Sunday, 23, 24. There was a shaking among the 
people ; some were alarmed ; some professed to be justified ; and 
others sanctified ; whilst the wicked brought with them much of 



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1789.] .liS¥. imAVda AOIllliY's ^lOHfJUIAL. 59 

ibe pow«r of Satao. I received flome relief for my poor orpbaos. 
For some claya past I hare been kept in an bomble, U?ing, boly^ 
conquering frame. 

, Monday 25. ^ Altboogh the north-west wind blew very strong, 
we crossed Choptank River and came to Bolingbroke : here we 
had lood shouts, and liriog teatimooies from many of our oldest 
members, whilst some of our gay young Mctbodisfo were mute. 
Being a day of public thanksgiving, I rode to Wye, where there is 
4 good new chapel : the rain hindered, so that we had but few 
hearers. Came through the rain to Tuckahoe. 

Friday 29. There was a good move at Choptank-Bri(^. I 
ordained five persons to the ofiice of deacons. 

Saturday 30. Preached with some freedom at Dover. 
. Sunday 31. I preached at Duck-Creek. Stopped, and gave 
,tbem a discourse at Middletown; and spent the evening with a- 
worthy kind friend. A number of dear old brethren accompanied 
mne to Cokesbury^ where we had an examination of the boys, and 
stationed eleven on charity. Thence we hastened on to Baltimore. 

Thursday, December 4. Our council was seated, consisting of 
the following persons, viz. : Richard Ivey, from 6e<»gia ; R. ElUa^ 
Sesth Carolina ; E. Morris, North Carolina ; Phil. Bruce, north 
district of Virginia ; James O* Kelly, souths district of Virginia ; 
L. Green, Ohio ;^ Nelson . Reid^ western shore of Maryland ; 
J«&erett, eastern shore; lohn Dickens, Pennsylvania; J. O. 
Cromwell, Jersey ; and Freeborn Garrettson, New- York : all our 
business was done in love and unanimity. The concerns of the 
collie were well attended to, as also the printing business. We 
formed some resolutions relative to economy and union, and others 
concerning the funds for the relief of our suffering preachers on 
the frontiers. We rose en the eve of Wednesday following. 
During our sitting,, we had preaching every night ; some few souls 
were stirred up, and others converted. The prudence of some 
bad stilled the* noisy ardour of oury^nng people ; and it %vas diffi- 
cult to rekindle the fire. I collected about £28 for the poor suf> 
fering preachers in the west. We spent one day in speaking our 
own experiences, and giving an account of the progress and^ state 
of the work of God in our several districts ; a spirit of union per- 
vades the whole body ; producing blessed effects and fruits. 

Thursday Ih This and the two following days were spent in 
writing, and other necessary business. I also preached at town and 
Point. 



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60' REV. FRANCIS ASBURT'S JOORNAL. [ITW. 

Sanday 14^ I delivered some alannmg truths at oar meetfogs 
house with some life. I preached ,at the Germaa chorcfa is the 
aflernoon ; and in the evening I spoke on ^ The men of Nineveh 
shall ri^e up in judgment against the men of (his generation^ and 
condemn it," &c. 

' Monday 15. To my comfort 1 found one of Thomas Cromwell's 
children under deep distress; when I formerly frequented the 
house she was a child^ 

Came on to Annapolis, and found the work rather dead. 

Tuesday 16. 1 preached with more liherty than the eveaiog be^ 
fore. 

Wednesday 17. Set out for Herring Bay : it rained, and our ride 
ivaa heavy. I lodged with William Weem's, once a great zealot 
for the Old Church. 

* Thursday 18. We rode to Cbilds's— it was an awfully stormyv 
rainy day, and we had no meeting. The Lord has made hare bis 
arm since my last visit here, and souls have been converted aand 
sanctified. 

Friday 19. Rode to Gray's: here also the Lord hath wrought 
powerfully amongst the children, 

ViAGiNiA. — Saturday 20. Rode through Charles county to Hal^s 
ferry .T--Death ! death ! We had prayer at our todgings : Mr. H. 
treated us very kindly. 

Sabbath morning 21. I read part of the thirty^tbird chapter <of 
Ezekiel's prophecy, and gave an exhortation. W^ then rodife* 
twenty-five iniles through the snow to Po|>e'sv where I spoke with 
some liberty. We found ourselves.not at home, so we went, to our 

friend S 's ; my spirit has been wounded not a little.' 1 know 

not which to pity most, the slaves or their masters^ Thence we 
went on to the widow Hutt's ; I am ill, and have little to do, which 
makes me worse^ 

On Christmas eve I made a visit to counsellor Carter ; a very 
social gentleman, a Baptist. After preaching we had fifteen miles 
to ride* to sister W— ^ — 's ; and twenty miles the next morning to 
Lancaster quarterly meeting. 

Sunday 27. Feeling myself unwell, brother Whatcoat preached ; 
abd our public and society meeting occupied sis hours. and a half* 
Notwithstanding the rain, we had many to hear, l;)oth white and 
black. 1 was very sensible that the work of grace was deepened in 
the souls of the people : several spoke of the pure love of God. 

Monday 28. I felt much enlarged in spirit. It seemed to me as if 



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1790.] UEV. SaANClS ASBVRY'S jaURKAL. 61 

the Lord -was ooly begioDiog to work ; bat the Aotinomians oppose, 
-r^eirertheleas, 1 bs?e growing hopes that the glory of Zion will 
shortly appear. 
. Tuesday 29. After waiting at the ferry about four hours, we 
made an attempt to cross in an old boat, with tattered sails, which 
gateway near. the middle of tbe river ^ throagh mercy we got safe 
over. Thence directing our course to Torks^Ferry, a poor old 
negro made out to get us across in a little flat : about eight o'clock 

we arrived safely at sister D 's, where we found three of the 

preachers waiting for us, preacbiog having been appointed for the 
morrow. We had the presence of God with us in the meeting, 
and at the sacrament. 

Thursday 31. We bad a few attentive people at brother Bel* 
iamy's. O Gloucester 1 Gloucester ! when will it be famous for 
religtoii. Finding my appointments not made, we crossed York- 
River, jand came once more to my dear old friend Welden's. — I was 
d»eb indisposed. 

January 1, 1790. No appointment for preaching. We are bound 
to the southy and shall proceed on as iast as we can. 

Saturday 2. We were refreshed in the evening. Next day 
(SaWmtfa) I preached at Chickahominy church once more : sin- 
ners, Phariaees, backsliders, hypocrites, and believers, were faith- 
fdlly warned ; and of all these characters there were doubtless a 
goodly: number in tbe large congregation which attended. . Brother 
Bruce, went to Browa?s, and brother W. and myself to Welden's ; 
at both these places the Lord was powerfully present in our 
meetings. 

Monday 4. We crossed James-River, with a fresh wind*a-head, 
and only two poor' blacks, where fonr ferrymen are necessary. 
Two brigs under sail came do^n full upon us, and we had hard 
work to get out of their way. These large ferries are dangerous 
and expensive : our ferriages alone have cost us £3 since we left 
AooapoJis. 

Tuesday 5. Rested, and next day preached at brother Morings ; 
I felt some power among the people ; but the glory is measurably 
departed ; the imprudent haste of the young people to marry un- 
believers, and divisions excited fay other causes, have done much 
injury. 

Thursday 7, Was an ameliorating time at Ellis's church. Tbe 
next day, at Lane's, 1 hnd many people, although it rained ; I felt 
comfortable in speaking to them. 

Saturday 9. Was a cold time in a cold house at brother M 's 



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^ RGV* FiUNcis asiivrt's JOimirAL. [tfdCL 

I fek uniPeR, and moch dejected at the situation ef the pea|il€, 
whom I foand divided about the merits of a certain character^ once 
a preacher among the Methodists, but now disowned, and strifiog 
to make a party ; this man, and the disputes for and against slavery 
have been hurtful. 

Sunday 10. Came to Jones's church, and was much lifted up in 
spirit. 

Monday 1 1. I had many to hear at Mabry's. 

Tuesday 12. From Mabry's we came to Brunswick quarterlj 
meeting, where there was a considerable quickening, and mapi* 
festation of the Lord's power. We had a good meeting at Roaflh 
oak chapel ; f rejoiced that the society had increased to more than 
a hundred souls. 

I received a letter from the presiding elder of this district, James 
O^Kelly : he makes heavy complaints of my power, and bids me stop 
for one year, or he must use his influence against me---powerS 
power ! there is not a vote given in a conference in which the 
presiding elder has not greatly the advantage of me ; all the iofla- 
ence I am to gain over a company of young men in a district muat 
be done in three weeks ; the greater part of them, perhaps, arf^ 
seen by me only at conference, whilst the presiding elder hM 
bad them with him all the year, and has the greatest opportmiuty of 
gaining influence ; this advantage aray be abused ; let the Ushopa 
look to it : but who has the power to lay an .embargo on me, and to 
make of none effect the decision of all the conferences of Ihe 
union ? - 

North Carolina. — Friday 16. Crossed Roanoak, and was met 
by several preachers at sister Pegram's, where the Lord was with us. 
. Saturday 16. 1 had along ride to R; Joneses; we had a good 
season at the sacrament : several spoke powerfully of the justify- 
ing , and sanctifying grace of God. A hundred souls have been 
brought to God : thus the barren wilderness begins to smile. I 
found it a time to speak from Isai. lii. 1. 

We had to ride sixteen miles ; and here, O what my spirit felt ! 
It is a day of very small and feeble things, and but little union 
among the people. I found it needful to enforce that prayer* O 
Lord, revive thy work \ One poor black fell to the ground and 
praised God. 

Tuesday 19. I had some freedom in preaching at B ■ ■ -' a ; but 
I fear there is too much vanity and Antinomian leaven amongst 
them to permit much good to be done. > 

Rode to Tomlinson's — but here they had made no appointnp^ent. 



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fiBff.] RET. PftAHGIS ASWAt'i l«inUlAL* , 63 

At Merritfs chapel, on New-Hope Creek, Cbtthaoi eoimty, I ftQ-* 
ibfted «« HotR^flbeH I give thee ap, O Epbraim !'' — there wes some 
iMltog among tbeoi ; bat tbey are not a aDited people. 

Thtfrsday 81. I rode to the widoir Snipe's, tweotjr milei ; and 
preached on Isaiah iIt. 22. then crossed Haw-River, and eaoie to 
M— ^'s, about two hours i»the night, where I found a congrega- 
tion waiting, to whom I spoke on '' I am not ashamed of the.Gos* 
pel of Christ," 4ic« the people were tender. 

Friday 22. Came to Rainey's, in Orange county, to a quarterly 
meeting, where seven of our preachers met together ; the first 
dtiy the people were dull ; the second, our congregation was large ; 
iiy subject was, ** We will give ourselves to prayer and the minlS" 
try of the word." I ordained Thomas Anderson to the oflke of 
an elder. We rode throngh a heavy rain sixteen miles to our 
l^nd Burr's ; here they have built us a complete house of the 
heart of oak." Plt)ceeded twelve miles to Rocky*River, and 
pleached at fif^Master's chapel ; afterward we had a night meeting, 
and upon the whole I tielieve we were speaking about four hours, 
besides nearly two spent in prayer. We came to our friend K — % 
and were kindly entertained. Thence we went to Mr. BeM'a, on 
D^e^-Rtver, and were received in the kindest manner ; before I 
iaft the house, I felt persuaded that that family would come to 
eiperienee the power of rel^on. 

Tuesday 26. We had to make our way througb a dreary path, 
aflid rode about fifty miles : we Were fayoured by only getting a 
sprinkling of rain, which became very heavy after we were housed 
at Thomas C— — *V, about eleven o'clock. Rode (b Doctor King's, 
twenty-five miles, and performed the fdneral rites of Captain C-^, 
who was sick when I was here last year. I then prayed for him, 
and felt as if his sickness was unto death : now, i preached his 
ftineral sermon — my text was, *' It is appointed unto men once to 
die," kjt. I felt some entailment in speaking, end a few people 
appeared to be moved. 

I have read an account of the wonderful revolution in France ; 
may the good of Protestantbm and the glory of God be advanced 
kyit! 

Since we crossed Roanoke-River, we have passed through Wat* 
ren, Granville, Wake, Chatham, Orange, Randolph, and Richmond 
counties, in North Carolina. 

- After passing Hedge-Cock creek, I preached at Night*^ chapel 
OB <«My grace is sufficient for thee :" there was some quickening, 
and I was blest. It is no small exercise to ride twenty miles, or 



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64 REV. FftAircis ASBvmr's jovrwai.. {f ildO. 

more, as we freqaiintly do before tftrelve o'clock ; taking dl tnodd 
of food and lodgiog aod weather too, as it comes, whether it btf 
good or bad. 

I saw the hand of the Lord in preserving ay life and limbs wfaen 
my horse made an Qocommoo start and sprang some yards with me» 
it was with difficulty I kept the saddle. 

South CAROLiirA. — We had a severe day's ride ; and called at the 
Beauty -Spot : the beauty here has somewhat faded : the society 
is disjointed, and in a poor state. We made it a fifty miles' ride, or 
thereabouts, to Pryor's. 

Sunday^ 31. There were some signs of remaining life seen under 
preaching, and a little spirit and feeling in the lore-feasts 1 felt 
great enlargement on ^' Oh h £phraim, how shall 1 give thee 
up," &c. I found it heavy work. 

Monday, February 1. Brother W. preached at the Grove ; I. £•- 
and myself spoke after him, and there were gracious signs of ten-^ 
derness among the people. An elderly Baptist preacber attended, 
whose heart the Lord touched, and he acknowledged the power of 
the Most High to be present. We lodged at old friend J ■ ' s, 
having rode twenty-five miles ; we were weary and hungry, baviog 
breakfasted on tea at eight o'clock, and taken nothing more ttH six 
o'clock at night. Lord^ help me to bear all things without mar- 
muring or disputing. 

At Fiowers's there was a living stir ; one sonl found peaoe^; Rod 
I had freedom in preaching. 

After riding fifteen miles to Sweet's meeting-house ; on a cold 
day, we had about a dozen people : of these few, some were 
drunk, and began to laugh and trifle round the bouse. After three 
exhortations and prayers, we came to Port's ferry, and had to cros» 
in the night, and wade tbe low places. 

Came to sister , and had a comfortable table spread before 

us, which, to us, who had rode thirty miles through heavy raio, 
without eating or drinking, was almost necessary. I think our kind 
hostess has several of the marks St. Paul gives of a widow 
indeed. 

I have lately read Thompson's Seasons, containing upwards ^ of 
two hundred pages. I find a little wheat and a great deal of chaff; 
I have read great authors, so called, and wondered where they 
found their finery of words and phrases ; much of this might be 
pilfered fVom the ** Seasons," . without injury to the real merit of 
the work : and doubtless it has been plucked by literary robbers ; 
and my wonder may cease. 



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J9M.| RET. FIIAKCI9 iiftHRX'S JOURVAL. 65 

>^ ' ttj 0wn soul hm peaee : bat I feel a death amoogst the people. 

i hope the itotd will come aod riait them in power ; if they do not 

toro to God, I expect they will be cat off, aad that soon. 

. Saturday 6» Rode to Georgetown ; and on the Sabbath, brother 
W — ^preached on >^ In all places where 1 record my name, I will 
come in to thee, and 1 will bless thee." 

MoDiday 8. I gave them , a close and serions address on rightly 
dmdti^ the word of troth. 
sToesday 9, €akne to Wapataw^ and preached on 1 John iv. 

16, 17. 

' W«dB€r«day 10. Came to Charleston. Here I receiyed good 
Hews from Balttmore and New- York : abont two-hnndred souls have 
been brooght to God within a few weeks; 1 ha?e been closely oc- 
copied in writing to Eorope, and to different parts of this continent* 
We feel a little quickening here: brother AVhatcoat preaches 
eTeryni^t^ 

' Stttofday 13. The preachers are coming in to the conference. I 
have felt fresh springs of desire In my soul for a revival of religion. 
Q may the work be general ! It is a happy thing to be united as is 
Oiu: society ; the happy news of the revival of the work of God ffie9 
frofulimepart of the continent to the other, and all partake of the joy. 
Sunday 14. I preached twice. Next day (Monday) oar confe- 
rence began : onr business was conducted in great peace and love* 
The bosiiiess of the council came before us ; and it was^determioied 
that the concerns of the college, and the printing, should be left 
with the council to act decisively upon ; but that no new canons 
should be made, nor the old altered, without the consent of the 
conftarenee ; and that whatever was done on this bead, should come 
in the shape of advice only. We -had some quickening seasons, 
and living meetings : several young people come under awakenings. 
Wednesday 17. I preached on *' If thou take forth the pre- 
deus ftom the vile, thou shalt be as my mouth^:" it was a search- 
ing season t several" spoke and prayed ; and we had noise enough. 
The evening before an eitract of sundry letters from New- York 
and Baltimore was read in the congregation^ at which saints 
and sinners were aflietstedw But we have not a sufficient breast- 
work : our friends are too mute and fearful, and many of the out- 
d0or9 people &re violent and wicked. I have had a busy, trying 
tiifte for ](d>oot nine days past; and L have hopes that some hun- 
<]^ds in this city will be converted by this time next year. Our 
csiifereiic^ resolved on establishing Snuday-sehools for poor chil- 
(Iren, white and^ black. 

Vol. H. 9 



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06 REV. FRAKCIff ABBVRT^S JOURNAL. [Vi9Q^ 

Friday 19. We rode to Edkto: at Guebam's Ipreaeted .oq 
the '* Great salvation :" there appeared to be atteniioD, and aooie 
were affected. 

Saturday 20. Was a dry time at Lynder's. Brother Wbatcoat 
preached — I was very unvTiell with a headacb. 

Sonday 21. We had a better season at Cattle-Creek, on Mai. iii. 
1. May God arise to help these people, and revive and worli: 
mightily for and amongst them ! 

Monday 22. We had a heavy ride to B.'s : it-was still more so 
when we came to preaching. Poor souls I the Antinomian leaver 
brings forth death here : some appeared hardened, others, never- 
theless, appeared a little melted — may God help these people J I 
was unwell — could eat but Kttle. I was not at home — I felt %9 
if God had departed from this house, and waa miserable until I 
left it. 

Tuesday 23. We rode to R— 's. Here we found people of 
another spirit. We had a large congregation-rbut very blind, deaf, 
and dumb. O Lord ! can these dry bones live ? I spoke very 
close, but to little purpose. May the Lord help, and stand by 
the poor preachers who labour on this side Edisto t 

Wednesday 24. At Chester's, and next day at P 'a tl^re 

was a small stir. Some here have been awakened, b«^ they lean 
to Calvinism, and the love of strong drink carries almost all away : 
my spirit was bowed down amongst them. I spoke a little, and so 
did brother Wbatcoat. We appointed a night meeting; Uiere 
came only two men, and they were drunk. 

Friday 26. There came about a dozen people to hear us at 
Treadwell's, to whom brother Wbatcoat preached on the ** work» 
of the flesh,'' and the " fruits of the Spirit." 

After riding thirty miles through heavy sands, we came to Doc- 
tor Fuller's. I am strongly inclined to think I am done with this 
road and people ; they pass for Christians^^a prophet of strong 
drink might suit them. 1 was clear in not receiving any thing 
without paying for it. 

Saturday 27. Rode to Campbell- Town, and stopped at brother 
G 's. Since Friday, the 19th, we have rode about one hun- 
dred and sixty miles. 

I have beeo^ under various trials and exercises, and have some 
dejected hours : this also shall tend to my humiliation, and work 
for my good, . , 

Sunday 28. I preached on 1 Tim. i. 15. I had a very still and 
unfeeling congregation. The inhabitants of this little town (Caiap- 



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It96»] EEY. FRANCIS ASBUAt's JOVRNAL. €7 

beU-Town) seem to be sober and indastrious ; bat even here I 
^itnd some droDlEardfl' 

Georgia. — Monday, March 1. We crossed at Angnsta, in 
Creorgiay and rode to S. C. church. I had some enlargement on 
Luke ir, 18, 19. Thence we proceeded to Brier-Creek. 

Tuesday 2. I preached in an old church, near Waynesborough ; , 
at Wyche's, in (he evening; and next day at Golphin's, Old 
Town-^the house was open, and the day cold. 

Thursday 4. I preached with liberty in a new church, near 
IPan's bridge. We have been exercised in public night and day ; * 
frequently we bav€ not more than six hours' sleep ; our horses are 
weary, and the houses are so crowded, that at night our rest is 
much disturbed. Jesus is not always in our dwellings ; and where 
He is not a pole cabin is not very agreeable : provisions for man 
and horse we have plenty of. Our journeys are about thirty miles, 
day by day ; but under all these trials I enjoy peace and patience, 
and have much of the love of Gpd. 

Sunday 7. We had a crowded congr^ation. at H.'s; brother 
W. attempted to preach, but soon concluded. We lodged with 

brother S , above the forks of Ogeeche. My mind has been 

.ibiieh tried under so much bodily fatigue. 
^ I went to view four hundred acres of land, and found it not 
s.uitably situated for a seminary of learning. Came to S ■ *8— a 
cold place, and cold congregation there. 

Wednesday 10. Our conference began at Grant's. We had 
preaching every day, and there were some quiql^enings amongst 
the people. Our business was conducted in peace and unanimity. 
The deficiencies of the preachers, who receive a salary of 
sixty-four dollars per annum, from this conference, amounted to 
seventy-four pounds for the last year. . 

Thursday 11. We had a rainy day, yet a full house, and a living 
love-feast ; some souls were converted ; and others professed sanc- 
tification. I had some opening in speaking from Ezek. ii. 7. We 
have a prospect of obtaining a hundred acres of land for every 
£100 we can raise and pay, for the support of Wesley and Whit- 
field school. On Monday we rode out to view three hundred acres 
of land offered for the above purpose. My soul has been much 
tried since conference began : I must strive to keep from rising too 
high, ot sinking too low. 

Tuesday 16. We set out on our journey, and came to the new 
chapel at Bibb's Cross Roads ; I preached with some life and liberty, 
and ordained brother Bennet Maxey to the office of 4eacon. I 



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€8 HET. FRAVjCIS ASBVKy's ^OUMTAX'. {ItM. 

spent the ereoing at brpther Herbert'fl^ where lie inNir^od^llMl 
remains of dear brother Major. I was told that a. poor siooef mn 
struck with coDviction at his grave, aod thought he hear^ the mce 
of God calling him to repentance. . I was also told of a woman who 
sent for brother Andrew to preach her funeral while living ; abe 
was blest under the word, and died in peace. 

South Carolika. — Wednesday 17. We were kiod^ OB[tertoinod 

at P. C 's ; and next day, after riding twenty-two milea to 

p »g^ vre had an evening meeting, and were happy with a few 

living souls. The Presbyterians are Tery kind, giving m freely 
whatever is needful for man and horse. 1 have great «on8<^- 
tions, and severe trials. 

Friday 19. We had some stir, especially aosongst the yottng peo- 
ple, at the widow Bowman's on Reedy-River. 

Saturday 20. Rode to M 's ; and finding brother Ellis was to 

be at C — ; — 's, we hasted to see him, and rode twenty miles, cross- 
ing Ennoree-River, near the alaugkUr ground^ where a baUle 
was fought in the last war. 

Sunday 21. Preached to a quiet people, and bad a small stirr 
We had a meeting in the evening at brother Smith's. 

Monday 22. 1 feel myself unwell with a sick and nervous l^ad« 
ach; which returns once a month, and sometimes oftener. We have 
travelled about six hundred miles in about three weeks, beside 
the time taken up in conference. Thou, Lord, wilt hirve mercy, 
and sav^e both man and beast. I expect Providence brought tls 
this H^ay, to pily and to help the people. Dear brother and sister 
S are unspeakably kind. 

North Carolina. — Friday 26. Rode about twenty-two miles; 
stopped at Col. Graham's, dripping wet with rain ; he received us, 
poor strangers, with great kindness, and treated us hospitably. 
We had awful thunder, wind, and rain. 1 was still unwell with a 
complaint that terminated the life of my grandfather Asbury, whose 
name 1 boar ; perhaps it will also be my end. We were weather 
bound until Monday morning, the 29th of March : for several days 
I have been very sick and serious; I have been enabled to look 
into eternity with some pleasure. I could give up the chnrDrti, the 
college, and schools ; nevertheless, there was one drawback— what 
will my enemies and mistaken friends say ? why, that he hath 
offended the Lord, and He b^th taken him away. In the aflernoon 
I felt somewhat better. Brother Whatcoat preached a most excel- 
lent sermon on ''The kingdom of God is not in word but in 
power" — -not in sentiments or forms, but in the convincing, con- 



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f790.] REV. FRAKCI8 ASBVRT's JOURNAL. €9 

v«Hteg^, r^genemtitig, saoctifjing, poiyer of God. I am making 
tk>8e application to my Bible ; reading tbe Prophets at my leisnre 
whilst on my j6umey, I met* with a pious Baptist — Glory to God 
' for What Religion there is still to be fband amongst all sects and 
denominations of people ! 

Wedaesday 31. Rode to Gilbert*Town, and preached at H— -— 'a 
with some freeddm, but was very unwell in the afternoon. 

Thursday, April I; Rode about fifty miles through Rutherford 
and Burice counties : it is a day of small things here* 

<yr6ased Catawba-River at Greenlee's ford, and came to our 
good friend Whitens on John's River about eight o'clock at night. 
When I set off in the morning, it seemed as if I should faint by 
tke way, I was so iH with a mixed internal complaint to which I 
am subject. We arrived in the very nick of time, Friday being 
a very rainy day, and there being no necessity, that day, to ride, 
lieel happy in the prospect of death and j^st ; yet am I willing to 
labour and to suffer the Lord's leisure. 

Saturday 3. Quarterly meeting began. Brother W — and my- 
self both preached; and there was a reviving among both white and 
black ; and I trust some souls were blessed. 

Sunday 4. Was a serious day — none were admitted to our pri- 
vate meeting but members : many spoke, and most felt the power 
of God. We then hasted .to the Globe chapel, where the people 
mtetf but had not patience to wait : we had a rough road, and John's 
River to cross twenty times. I was desired to preach sister B — ^'s 
fuoeral. She was formerly a Presbyterian ; then a Methodist ; 
and last of all a Christian ; and there is good hope that she died 
in the Lord : — I was resolved to fulfil her desire, and preached on 
1 Cor. zv. 66, 57. to about eight souls. 

Monday 5. We made an early move. After worming the stream 
for awhile, we took through the Laurel Hill, and had to scale the 
mountains, which in some places were rising like the roof of a 
house. We came to the Head of Watauga-River — a most neglect- 
ed place. Here the people have had their corn destroyed by frost, 
and many of them have moved away. It was thus we found it in 
Tyger's Valley. We passed by W 's, a poor lodging, and 

slept at the Beaver-Dam in a cabin without a cover, except what 
a few boards supplied : we had very heavy thunder and lightning, 
and most hideous yelling of wolves around — with rain, which is 
frequent in the mountains. 

Teitnessee.— Tuesday 6. We were compelled to ride through 
the rain, and crossed the Stone Mountain : — those who wish to 



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70 REV. FRAircis asburt's journal. [1790. 

know how rough it is may tread in our path. What made it worse 
to me was, that while I was looking to see what was become of 
our guide, I was carried off with full force Rgaiust a tree that 
hong across the road some distance from the ground, and my head 
received a very great jar, which, however, was lessened by my 
having on a hat that was strong in the crown. We came on to the 
dismal place called Roan's Creek, which was pretty full. Here 
we took a good breakfast on our tea, bacon, and bread. Reaching 
Watauga, we had to swim our hoirses, and ourselves to cross in a 
canoe ; up the Iron Mountain we ascended, where we had many a 
seat to rest, and many a weary step to climb. At length we came 
to Greer's, and halted for the night. 

Wednesday 6. We reached Nelson's chapel about one o'clock, 
after riding about eighteen miles. Now it is that we must prepare 
for danger in going through the wilderness. I received a faithful 
letter from brother Poythress in Kentucky, encouraging me to 
come. This letter I think well deserving of publication. 1 found 
the poor preachers indifferently clad, with emaciated bodies, and 
subject to hard fare ; yet 1 hope they are rioh in faith. 

Friday 8. After receiving great kindness from dear sister Nel- 
son, we came on to brother Bull's, who wrought for us, gratis^ 
what we wanted in shoeing our horses. Thence we went on to 

brother Gott's, and to brother P r-*s ; and thence, groping 

through the woods, to brother Easley's ; depending on the fidelity 
of the Kentucky people, hastening them, and being unwilling they 
should wait a moment for rae. We crossed Holstein at Smith's 
ferry, and rode thirty miles to Amie's, where we were well enter- 
tained for our money. — Coming along, I complained that the peo- 
ple would take no pay for their food or services — that complaini 
has ceased. Very unwell as I was we pushed down Holstein to the 
last house ; here we had no hope of company from the eastern or 
western side. We turned out our horses to graze, and they strayed 
off — so here we are anchored indeed. 

^ The unsettled state of my stomach and bowels makes labour and 
life a burthen. We are now rn a house in which a man was killed 
by the savages ; and O, poor creatures ! they are but one remove 
from savages themselves. I consider myself in danger ; but my God 
will keep me whilst thousands pray for me. 

Sunday 11. My soul is humbled before God, waiting to see the 
solution of this dark providence. The man of the house is gone 
after some horses supposed to be stolen by Indians. I have 
been near fainting^ but my soul is revived again, and my bodily 



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1790.] REV. FRA5CIS ASBUllT'flL JOUKMjIL. 71 

strength is somewhat renewed. If these difficalties, which appear 
to impede my path, are designed to prevent my going to Kentucky, 
I hope to know shortly. I spent the Sabbath at Robert Beans's. 
In the evening, a compaoy of eleven came to go forward. Oar 
horses were not to be found without a great sum. 

Monday morning 12. We loaded brother Anderson's little horse 
with my great bags, and two pair smaller ; four saddles, with blan- 
kets and provender. We then set out and walked ten mile», and 
our horses were brought to us, and those who brought them were 
pleased to take what we pleased to give. Brother A— sought 
the Lord by fasting and prayer, and had a strong impression that it 
was the will of God that I should not go with that company. 

Tuesday 13. We came back to A *s, — ^a poor sinner. He 

was highly o£fended that we prayed so loud in his house. He is a 
distiller of whiskey, and boasts of gaining £300 per annum by the 
brewing of his poison. We talked very plainly ; and I told him 
that it was of necessity, and not of choice, we were there — that I 
feared the face of no man. He said, he did not desire me to trou- 
ble myself about his soul. — Perhaps the greatest offence was given 
by my speaking against distilling and slave-holding. 

Haying now been upon expenses from Friday until this day, for 
four horses and three men, 1 judged it high time to move. 
... Thursday 15. We rode fifty miles; and next day preached at 
Owens's. 

Saturday 17. We rode on with great violence, which made roe 
feel very serious. 

Sunday 18. Brother W. preached at General Russell's, on the 
birth, character, and o£Bce of John the Baptist. 

Monday 19. I resolved on taking ajproper dose of Tartar-emetic ; 
this has wrought me well, and I hope for better health. 

From December 14, 1789, to April 20, 1790, we compute to have 
travelled two thousand five hundred and seventy-eight miles. Hi- 
therto hath the Lord helped. Glory ! glory to our God! 

Virginia. — ^We had a good prayer-meeting at General Russell's. 
This family is lavish in attentions and kindness : 1 was nursed as 
an only child by the good man and woman of the house, and indeed 
by all the family. — God Almighty bless them and reward them t 

Thursday 22. We had a lively prayer-meeting at Key wood's— 
Come, Lord, like thunder, and breiik in upon these dear young 
people ! 

Friday 23. We had a very lively prayer-meeting and exhorta- 
tion. We trust the Lord will do something for these people before 



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72 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRT'S JOlHtlTAL. [1788. 

we leare tbe rieb Hoktein- Valley : I ftiel for their 8t8te-4be7are 
settled, and dwindling. 1 hate been happy in my own soul, and 
hare gained bodily strength. Two weeks are now spent, one in 
waiting on the Kentucky business, and one, illness has prevented 
my improving, except that it has famished time to pablis^ my ap^ 
pointments on Clinch and Nolachucky.* 

Saturday S4. Many attended a prayer-meeting at M< Henry's, but 
there was little life. 

Sunday 25. Preached at General RusselPs on Ezek. zxxiri. 11. 
I saw, I felt, 1 knew that some of my congregation were tooehed. ^ 
' Monday 26. We rode through the poor Valley, calling on F- — -, 
who had been sick and frightened with convictions and the fear of 
death ; we prayed, fed our horses, and rode on to Clinch-River. 

Tuesday 27. We had a house well crowded, bat there was but 
little stir among them. I felt for these dear souls, and judged that 
Providence was about to open a way for a circuit to be formed 
here in Russel county, for one preacher. 

Wednesday 28. I preached at brother B — i— 's, a frontier house; 
and a station. In time past, a person was killed here by the In- 
dians. The people showed their zeal in purchasing two magazines 
and several hymn-books. Some say, nothing but whiskey wilt- 
bring money ; but I proved the contrary, atid I give them credit. 
We have had cold weather, and severe frosts for two nights 
past. 

We had a dreary ride down to the Ford of Clinch, through a 
solitary plain : many attended at L 's. 

We rode down to Blackmore's station : here the people ha?e 
been forted on the north side of Clinch. Poor Blackmore has had 
a son and daughter killed by the Indians. They are of opinion 
here, that the Cherokees were the authors of this mischief: I also 
received an account of two families having been killed, and of one 
female that was taken prisoner, and afterward retaken by the 
neighbours and brought back. 

Friday 30. Crossed Clinch about two miles below the f€^t. In 
passing along I saw the precipice from which Bhickmore's unhappy 
son leaped into the river after deceiving the stroke of a tomahawk 
in his head; I suppose, by the measure of my eye, it must be- 
between fifty and sixty feet descent ; his companion was shot dead 
upon the spot — this happened on the 6th of April, 171)9. 

We came a dreary road over rocks, ridges, hills, stones, and 
streams, along a blind, tortuous path, to Modcason Gap and Creek ; 
thence to Smith's ferry across the norA branch of Holstein. Here 



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It90«} ABV. FAAKCtS ASBVfty^i JOVllNAL. 73 

I feand some lies had been told on me ; feoling mysolf innoceot, 
I was Qot moved. 

Saturday, May 1 . Rested. Next day (Sabbath) I preached to 
a hardened people. 

Monday 3. 1 preached at brother Payne's, and had some 
enconn^ement am9ng onr Maryland people. Sabbath night, I 
dreamed the guard from Kentacfcy came for me ; and mentioned it 
lo brother W--*^. In the' morning I retired to a small stream, 
for meditation and prayer, and virhilst there saw two men come 
over the hiUs : I felt a presumption that they were Kentucky men, 
and so they proved to be ; they were Peter Massie and John Claris, 
who were coming for me, with the intelligence that they had left 
eight men lielow : after reading the letters, and asking counsel of 
Ood, 1 consented to go with them. 

Tuesday 4. We prepared ourselves and horses for our journej^ 
and the nest day came once more to Amie's. 

Thursday 6. Came to Crabbe's, at the lower end of the Valley^ 
and were occupied in collecting our company. 

.Friday 7. We formed the whole of our company at the Valley 
station ; besides brother W t and myself, we were siscteen 
men, having thirteen guns only. We moved on very swiftly, con- 
sidering the rooghness of the way, traTelling, by my computation, 
thirty- five miles to-day. Next day we reached Ricfa^^Land Creek, 
and encamped on the road about nine o'clock at night, having 
made, by computation, Ibrty-five miles. 

KeHtuckt.^— 3onday 9. We travelled about fifty miles ; and 
next day forty-five miles, and reached Madison court-house, passing 
the bHioches of Rock-Castle River : on our journey we saw the 
rock whence the river derives its name ; it is amazing, and curious, 
with appearances the most artificial I have ever ikeen--it is not 
unlike an old church or castle in Europe. We stopped at M< — ^'s, 
whose wife, now a tender, gracious soul, was taken prisoner by 
the Indians during the last war. and carried to Detroit. 

Tuesday 11. Crossed Kentocky-River. I was strangely out- 
done for want of sleep, having been greatly deprived of it in my 
journey through the wilderness ; which is like being at sea, in 
some respects, and in others worse. Our way is over mountains, 
steep hills, deep rivers, and muddy creeks ; a thick growth of 
reeds for miles together ; and no inhabitants but wild beasts and 
savage men. Sometimes, before I was aware, my ideas would be 
leading me to be looking out ahead for a fence ; and I would, with- 
out reflection, try to recoiled the houses we should have lodged 

Vol. li. 10 



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74* ii£V« f&aKcis ASBV&y's jocRtfAi.' [n9f>t 

at in the wildernesa. I slept about an hoar die fint night, and 
aboat two the last : we ate no regular meal ; our bread ^grew 
short, and I was much spent. 

I saw the graves of the slain— twenty-four in one camp. I learn 
that they had set no guard, and that they were up late, playing at 
cards. A poor woman of the company had dreamed three times 
that the Indians had surprised and killed them all ; she urged her 
husband to entreat the people to set a guard, but they only abased 
him, and cursed him for his pains. As the poor woman waa re* 
lating her last dream the Indiaps came upon the camp ; she and 
her husband sprung away, one east, the other west, and escaped. 
She afterward came back, and wit nesaed the carnage. These poor 
sinners appeared to be ripe for destruction. I received an ac* 
count of the death of another wicked wretch who was shot through 
the heart, although he had Vaunted, with horrid oaths, that no 
Creek Indian could kill him. These are some of the melancholy 
accidents to which the country is aubject for the present ; as to the 
land,, it is the richest body of fertile soil I have ever beheld. 

Wednesday 12. I preached for the first time at R.-.-^'8, on 
Jer. 1. 4, 5. and the Lord was with me, 

. Thursday 13. Being court time, I preached in a dwelliog-houaev 
at Lexington, and not without some feelii^. The Methodists do 
but little here — others lead the way. After dinner 1 rode about 

five miles ip company with poor C W . Ah ! how many 

times have I eaten at this man's table, in New- York — and now, he 
is without property and without grace. When about to part, I 
asked him if he loved God : his soul was in his eyes ; be burst 
into tears, and could scarcely speak — <' he did not love God, but 
he desired it." Our conference was held atltirother Masterson's, 
a very comfortable house, and kind people. We went through 
our business in. great love and harmony. I ordained Wilson Lee, 
Thomas Williamson, and Barnabas M'Henry, elders. We had 
preaching noon and night, and souls were converted, and the fallen 
restored. My soul has been blest among these people, and I ani 
exceedingly pleased with them. I would not, for the worth of all 
the place, have been prevented in this visit, having no doubt but 
that it will be for the good of the present and rising generation. 
It is true, such exertions of mind and body are trying ; but I am 
supported under it : — if souls are saved, it is enough.' Brother 
Poythress is much alive to God. We fixed a plan for a school, 
and called it Bethel; and obtained a subscription of upwards of 
£300, in land and money, towards its establishment. 



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1796.] WfiV. FRARCW JlSBtlRv'S JOtJllNAL. 75 

' Monday 17. Rode to Coleman's chapel, about ten miles from 
Lexington, and preached to an un'engaged people. We thence 
rode to I. Lewises, on the bend of Kentucky- River. Lewis is an 
old acquaintance, from Leesbnrg, Virginia ; 1 was pleased to find 
that heaven and religion were not lost sight of in this family. 
Brother Lewis offered me one hundred acres of land for Bethel ^ 
on a good spot for building materials. 

We rode through mire and rain twenty-one miles to Francis 
Clark's, near Danville, where we had ai^umerous congregation. 
' Saturday 22. We had a noble shout at Brown's, and four souls 
professed to be converted to God. Reached the Crab-Orchard, 
and lodged under a tree, very feverish and unwell— a poor begin- 
ning this. 

Monday 24. We set out on our return through the wilderness 
wKh a large and helpless company ; we had about fifty people, 
twenty of whom were armed, and five of whom might have 
Mood fire. To preserve order and harmony > we had articles* 
drawn up for, and signed by our company, and I arranged the 
people for travelling according to the regulations agreed upon. 
Some disaffected gentlemen, who would neither sign nor fome 
under discipline, had yet the impudence to murmur when left be- 
hind. The first night we lodged some miles beyond the Hazel- 
pntcb. The next day we discovered signs of Indians, and some 
thought they heard voices ; we therefore thdught it best to travel 
6n, and did not encamp until three o'clock, halting on the east 
side of Cumberland-River. We had gnats enough. We had an 
alarm, but it turned out to be a false alarm. A young gentleman, 
a Mr. Alexander, behaved exceedingly well ; but his tender frame 
was not adequate to the fatigue to be endured, and he had well 
nigh fainted on the road to Cumberland Gap. Brother Massie 
was cafHain ; and finding I had gained authority among the peo- 
ple, I acted somewhat in the capacity of an adjutant and quar- 
ter-master amongst them. At the foot of the mountain the com- 
pany separated; the greater part went on with me to Powell's 
River; here we slept on the earth, and next day made the 
Grassy Valley. Several of the company, who were not Metho- 
dists, expressed their high approbation of our conduct, and most 
affectionately invited us to their houses. ' The journeys of each 
day were as follow : Monday forty-five miles ; Tuesday fifty 
miles; Wednesday sixty miles. 

Tehnessee.-— Thursday 27. By riding late we reached Capt. 
Amie's, where I had a bed to i^est on. 



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70 RBT. CRAnreiS A^UVKt'B J0VftBf4|(- [179Q. 

Fridaj $8, Saturday 29, and Saoday 30. I spent at Gen. Rai* 
sell's, whose wife 10 coDverted sioce I left the house last ; I thoi^^ht 
theo that she was not far from the kiugdoio of God. 

I found myself dispirited in public preachios* I afterward er^ 
dained 1. Ragau and B. Vanpelt, local preachers, to the office of 
deacoos. , 

Monday 31. Rode to New-River, forty ^fife or fifty miles ; heve 
I saw John Tuonell, rery low ; a mere shadow ; butTery huoable 
and patient under his affliction. 

North Cabolina.— Tuesday, June 1. I rode about forty-five 
miles to Armstrong's, and next day about four o'clock reaohed 
M*Knight8 on the Yadkin-River, in North Carolina ; here thecoa*- 
ference had been waiting for tne nearly two weeks : we rejoiced 
together, and ray brethren received me as one brou^i from the 
jaws of death. Oar business was much matured, the critical 
concern of the council understood, and the plan, with its amemi- 
ments, adopted, ' 

Saturday b, and Sunday 6. Were days of the Lord'a pretence 
and power — several were converted. We had an ordination 
each day. We have admitted into full connexion some steady 
men, with dispositions and talents for the work. 

Monday 7. Rode through Salem Town ; the Moravian brethren 
have the blessing of the nether springs, and houses, orchards, 
knills, stores, mechanic's shops, &e. I rode about three hundred 
miles to Kentucky in six days ; and on my return about five hon- 
dred miles in nine days : O what exertions for man and horse: 

ViROiNiA.^—Wednesday 9. Came forty-five miles to 1. C— *'s, 
and next day, thirty miles to sister Jones's. 

Friday 11. Rode to brother l-— -— 's, and next day late in the 
evening reached Petersburg. 

Sunday 13. I preached on Psalm Ixxxv. 6. I was weak and un- 
well with excessive labour and wai^ of rest 

Monday 14. Our conference began ; all was peace until the 
council was mentioned. The young men appeared to be entirely 
under the infiuence of the elders, and turned it out of doonu I 
was weary, and felt but little freedom to speak on the subject. 
This business is to be explained to every preacher; and then it 
must be carried through the conferences twenty-four times, i. e. 
through all the conferences for two years. We had some little 
quickentngs, but no great move among the people at our public 
preaching. Mr. Jarratt preached for us ; friends at first are 
friends again at last. There were four elders, and seventieen 



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iJM>.] ig&v. ^ft4»ci8 A^avivir's joq&kax.. 77 

cincoiis' onUned} ten yoqng men who offeM to travel, befiiies 
liietfe who reoMined oo triaL We have good news fi^om a for 
country^ Jersey flames with religion ;. some bandreds are con* 
▼erted. The work of God does rerive here, although not in the 
saoae degree 9$ it did two years ago. Id the midst of. all my laboar 
and trouble I enjoy peace within. 

Saturday 10. Ended my week of bnsiness. I am crowded with 
lettedra^^haYe much reading and writing, and the temporal concerns 
of the college, and the printing to attend to. 
^ Sonday 20«.I spoke melttog words on Hoseaxi.S. many felt; 
etie fonnd peaee with God« In^tke aflernoon, I believe the power 
of Qod was felt in' the hearts of some of my congregation. I 
i did not wonder that there was not a greater work of religion 
In this place, when I learned that they were sometimes three 
or four weeks without preaching : thns Satan tries to keep preach- 
ers and people asunder — yet some cry out, *' We. have no faith 
for Petersburg !'* My dear old friend and fellow traveller W— 
is smitten with boils so that he cannot go on. Stopped at brother 

G .'s. 

> Monday 2K We had the divine presence in onr worship at sister 
Stringer's. — 1 am -often blessed at the houses of the fttherless and 
widows. Now, I say to my. body, return to thy lab^r ; to my soul, 
Yefarn to thy rest, and pure delight in reading, meditation, anil 
prayer, and solitude. The shady groves are witness to my retired 
and sweetest hours : to sit, and melt, and bow alone before the 
Lord, whilst the melody of the birds warbles from tree to tree-*-- 
how delightful ! 

Tuesday 22. The Lord was with us at Finney's church ;, and 
God's dear children praised his name, whilst sinners felt and looked 
seHoos. . 

Wednesday S3. 1 preached at Paiac^'s, an ancient, and almost worn- 
out place. At Ryall's, the next day, I was quite unwell ; and what 
made the matter worse, was, that I imprudently walked out, and sat 
upon the ground, and took fresh cold. From Ryall's I proceeded to 
the old court-house, where I spoke with great pain-— from bead to 
foot was pain, all perspiration appeared to be quite stopped. 1 lodg- 
ed at Jones's — a whole family snatched as brands from the burning. 
Saturday 26. I was so unwell that I could not preach at Pride's 
church. 

Sunday 27. I^ode to brother Strong's, where, as there were/many 
who bad come expecting to hear me, I made a feeble attempt in 
the woods on 2 Th^ss. i. 5-<-9. my head was greatly aiBicted. 



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7U HKV. iriuNcte asbuky's journal. p790«^ 

Monday moraiDg 28. I took a strong decoction of roe and wonn- 
svood. My fe?er breaks, and I feel a little better .-^1 fonnd j^feet 
patience in great misery of body. Lord, make me perfect through 
suffering ! 

Monday 28. I had a few Christians, and a few sinners at the 
Widow Lackland's ; and there was a small reriying amoog the peo- 
ple. The leaven of Antinomianism prevails here, and the Metho- 
dists talk much about persons and opiaioos, when they shoald be 
looking to God. 

Tuesday 29. I am very weak and low in body. — Lord, sanctify 

affliction, and make it a mean of health to my soul ! Brother W 

preached 'on " He that believeth- shall not make haste." I have 
felt grieved in mind that there is a link broken out of twelve, that 
should form a chain of union : I hope God will sanctify some pro- 
videoce to the explanation of this matter, and heal the whole. 

AVednesday 30. Brother W gave us a weighty discourse 

on the prophetic, priestly, and kingly offices.x>f Christ In greet 
weakness, I enlarged on 1 Peter iii. 15. and showed that it is not 
enough to sanctify the Lord God in his name, word. Sabbath, ordi- 
nances, ministers, people, and worship ; but that the heart muatbe^ 
fitted with a holy, constant fear of^ coofidence in, and love to, Gvd/ 
But how common is it for different denominations to ask each other 
of their distinguishing peculiarities ; and how very rare it is for 
them to talk closely of the dedtngs of God with their own souls. 

July 1. As we rode on, there was a great appearance of imme- 
diate rain ; 1 prayed that it mi^t pass, fearing its effects in my very 
weak state ; I was mercifully preserved ; a few drops fell on me - 
only, and I found, as I proceeded, that it had rained very heavily 
ahead. 

We had a few unfeeling souls at Swiney's ; one man appeared to 
be hardened to an extraordinary degree : I thought I felt his spirit 
as soon as 1 came. 

Thursday 2. I preached in a school-house, near brother M ^"s, 

with some enlargement, but, I fear, to little purpose : one woman 
appeared to be under conviction. 

Friday 3. I bad a painful ride of twenty-five, or thirty miles, to 
brother C— 'g. 

Saturday 4. My mind was afflicted, and my^dy weak. I was 
led to speak on " Be ye also ready,'*— -and some felt the word. 

Sunday 5. I was set at liberty, and there was a little shaking and' 
breathing after God, while I opened and explained, <' And there is 
Done calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take bold of 



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t990.] R£V^. FAANCIS ASSIfRY^igr ^rOttANAXi. 73 

thee." Afterward I rode to brother Marphj'9.--I ftilt very wkA^ 
bat patieatlj happy in God. 

Monday 6. W.e had some move at Ayre's church ; brother W-— -^ 
was much led out in exhortation and prayer. I spent the after- 
noon in reading and spiritual exercises. 

Tuesday 7. We rode to Liberty, the county-town of Bedford. 
We set out towards Botetourt, and reached brother Mitchell's 
sdK>ut ten o'clock the next day, and found some zeal amongst the 
people. Next day at E. Mitchell's, on Craig's Creek, one soul 
found the Lord. 

Friday la We had a tedious, tiresome journey over hills and 
mountains to Pott's Creek. After a melting season at brother 
C 's, we came to brother W > — 's, where we were in- 
formed of the death of dear brother John .Tonnell. 

Saturday U. Brother Tunnell's corpse was brought to Dew's 
chapel. I preached his funeral — my text, ^* For me to live is 
Christ, and to die is gain." We were much blessed, and the power 
of God was eminently present. It is fourteen years since brother 
Tannell first knew the Lord ; and he has spoken about thirteen 
yean, and travelled through eight of the thirteen States : few men, 
as public ministers, were better known or more beloved* He was 
a simple-hearted, artless, childlike man : for his opportunities, he 
wad a man of good learning ; had a lai^ fund of Scripture know- 
ledge, was a good historian, a sensible, improving preacher, a most 
affectionate friend^ and a -great saint ; be had been wasting and 
decltaipg in strength and health for eight years past, and for the 
last twelve months sinking into a consumption. — I am humbled. — 
O, let my soul be admonished to be more devoted to God 1 

Sunday 12. The morning was rainy. About noon I set out for 
the Sweet-Springs, and preached on 1 Cor. i. 23—29. A few of 
the gentry were kind enough to come and hear — and some were 
enraptured with the sermon 9 for — it was very like the subject. 
The three following days I rested, and was very unwell. I had no 
place to preach, but under the trees, and preaching here seems 
unseasonable with the people except on Sundays. 

Thursday 16. Rode to Rohoboth, where brother W preach- 
ed, and brother A ■ ■ and myself spoke after him, and the peo« 
pie. appeared somewhat affected. 

Friday 17. We had twenty miles to Green-Brier court-house : — 
here eome sat as critics and judges. We had to ride thirty-one 
miles without food for man or horse, and to call at three houses 



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aO HKW. FBJLMtiS ASftlTftT'S JOCtBllAl.. [ItdOi 

befiire we could fet water fit to dniik«*aU this any terre to Ivy 
oar faith or patience. 

Satardajr 18. ^ne rtty pointed things were deKvered idatiTa 
to parents and children from Gen. XTiii. 19. After beinf in pA^ 
lie exercises from ten till two o'clock, we rode in the afteniomi 
twenty miles to the little levels of Green-Brier. On mj way I 
premeditated the sending of a preacher to a newly settled f^aoe 
in the Kenhaway county. 

Sunday 19. We had a warm sermon at M'Neai's, at which maiqr 

' were highly offended ; hot I trast their felse peace is hrokea. 

There are many hears in this part of the country ; not long since, 

a child in this neighboarhood was killed by one. ' ' 

Monday 20. Rode to Drinnon's, whose wife was killed, and^his 
son taken prisoner by the Indians. 

Tuesday 21. I believe I never before traveled such « path as 1 
this day rode over the mountains to reach Mr. Nekon^s, in Tyger- 
Valley. 

Wednesday 22. I preached at Wilson's. Here many careless 
people do not hear a sermon more than once in one or two years ; 
this one of them told me ; and that he and bis wife had not l»eea 
to preaching since I was here on my last visit. I endeavoured io 
apply *' My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.^^ 

Thursday 23. My horse lost a shoe on a bad road, and next day 
on the mountaiDs dropped two more ; so I rode my old haggige 
horse along a most dreary, grown-up path to brother C ' " ''s. ^ 

Saturday 25. Attended quarterly meeting at Morgan- Town :•*-<- 
1 spoke on superstition, idolatry, unconditional election and re^ 
probation, Antinomianidm, Universalism, and Deism. 

Sunday 26. Preached on Matt. xxv. 31. to the end, brother 

W also gave us a sermon ; and a Presbyterian minister two^^ 

so here we had it in abundance. 

Monday 27. Preached at 6 — -'s ; and the next day at H - * ■ * s, 
Our conference began at Union-Town On Wednesday the twenty- 
ninth of July :— -it was conducted in peace and love. On Thurs- 
day 1 preached. 

Pennsylvania Saturday, August 1. I spoke on education, from 

Prov. xxii. d. I was led to enlarge on the obligations of pu* 
rents to their children ; and the nature of that religious education 
which would be most likely to fit them for this, and which alone 
could qualify them for the next world. 

Sunday 2. 1 ordained C. C , I. L , andO. C— *, eldeirs^ 



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110b.] fi£V:. VEAECIS AftBITA^'B JOVllHAL. H 

tad fbar deacoDfl. Here there is a reviyal among preachers and 
people ; some of the societies are much engaged with God, and 
a^r we have had a few ofiore conferences in Union-Town^ I hope 
we shall drive Satan out, and have a glorious work. 

Tuesday 4. Rode to B 's ; and next day came to Cressap's, 

tvheve I rested the following day, and was employed in reading, 
meditation, and prayer. 1 had very solemn thoughts of God and 
his work : I want a closer walk with God ; and to be more alone, 
ami in prayer. 

Friday 7. We had divine breathings at the chapel. 

Saturday 8. We held a quarterly meeting at Uie widow Coul- 
son's. There was much rain ; we had many people, and but little 
room : these circumstances rendered the meeting in some respects 
uncomfortable ; yet, I trust, it was profitable : many souls felt the ' 
divine power, among whom were some poor backsliders. 

Tuesday. 11.. I had an attentive, well-behaved congregation at 
Squire Vanmeter's. O that they may feel the truth and effects 
of godliness on earth, and io heaven. 

At Dootor Navcs's, formerly Hyder's, I applied " O Ephraim, 
liow shall I give thee up ?" I felt a vast weight upon my spirits 
fbt^ these people. 

Wednesday 12. We had about forty miles to ride to G , and 

Brock's Gap, over a severe mountain to cross : the weather was 
extremely warm. I viewed and pitied the case of the people on 
the sooth fork of the sooth branch of the Patomac : they are Ger- 
viaQ8> and have no preaching in their own language, and Englisb 
preaching is taken from them — none careth for them. 1 am of 
opinion, that if a preacher would come and continue amongst them 
for one year, riding up and down the river, preaching from house 
to bouse, it would answer a very good purpose. 

Virginia. — Came to brother Baker's, a pious German, well set- 
tled on a branch of Shenandoah- River. I had an attentive congre- 
gation of bis countrymen* 

Saturday 15, and Sunday 16. I preached at Rockingham, where 
there is the beginning of a good work. We have a church built 
•o a bill, that cannot be hid. People came as far as thirty miles 
.to preaching '^ and some found the Lord during my stay. We 
have some very respectable friends here. 

Tuesday 18. We had a crowd of people s^t Bethel, who appeared 
very insensible. Rode on to Millers-Town, properly Woodstock : 
Jiere I was permitted to preach in the Episcopal church ; many 
attended, and behaved well, and I had light and liberty in speaking. 

Vol. IL II 



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8$ ftsv. vaAJicis jLSBDmT^s JAVRSJX.. [17SK)L 

Wednesday 19. We had Ureatj-two milea to Newtown : iieve 
they have built us a spacious chapeL Oar horses are stifi^ and 
Isvoe, aad sore, and the weather is oppressively warm : we haste 
many sick, hungry, weary rides through the heat, and over hiUfl« 
rocks, and mouotaios. 

Saturday 22, and Sunday 23. We held our quarterly meetiog at 
Newtown : many felt the power of God—particularly at the love« 
£M»t ; some were of opinion that twenty were converted. 

Tuesday 25. We bad a melting time whilst I opened these 
words, '^ Neither is there salvation in any other," &c* I feel a 
persuasion that these people will come home to God. One was 
deeply distressed under preaching. I rode about an hour, after 
night, in order to reach brother Donaldson's, by which i found I 
had taken cold. 

Wednesday 26. Our conference began at Leesburg ; and we 
contiaued^together until the Sabbath following : and had a happy 
time of peace and union. 

To conciliate the minds of our brethren in the south district m£ 
Virginia, who are restless about tbe council, 1 wrote their leader 
a letter informing him, ** that I would take my seat in councti as 
another member ;" and, in that point, at least, wav« tbe dakna^f 
Episcopacy ; — ^yea, I would lie down and be trodden upon, riither 
than knowingly injure one soul. 

Maryland. — ^Monday 31. Preached at the Sugar-Loaf moitotaia 
with great freedom on '' For Zion's sake I will not hold mj 
peace," &c. and found the work of God had been greatly Ao^ 
thered : — here I preached sixteen years ago. 

Tuesday, September 1. I had a blessed season at Ptgman*a 
church, where the Lord bath wrought wonders. 

Wednesday 2. There was an appearance of good at 1. Holland's ; 
and the work goes on there« 

Thursday 3. At the widow H 's, I put them in mind of my 

first labours amongst them from house to house, and some siBaefs 
felt and shook. Next day at Rowe's, there was a shaking. 

Friday 4. At night I preached in Baltimore, ** Oh 1 £phraimy how 
shall I give thee up ?" 

Monday 7. Our conference began ; was conducted in great 
peace and union, and ended on^ Wednesday 9. 

Thursday 10. I rode to Cokesbury. 

Friday 11. In the morning philosophical lectures were deli- 
vered ; and in the afternoon the boys delivered their oratiiMis, some 
parts -of which were exceptionable, and duly noticed. 



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iTSfiOi] ft&V;* FRItKCn ASBmv'S JOURHAL. 83 

:8at(irdbj 12. Wftinadeflome r^vlatioin relative to the order 
and governmeDt to be observed lo tbe college. 

SiiDdajr 13; I preached in tbe college ball, on Matt. xxv. 31. 

to forty -six sebolarf ^^-^-brotbers D-— — , and C ^ spoke after 

me. 

Mowky 14. Set oat, and next day reached Dack-Creek Cross* 
Roads, where we held oor conference for (be eiutern shore of 
Maryland and Delaware. One or two of oar brethren felt the 
Virginia fire about the question of tbe cooncil, bat all things came 
into order, and tbe council obtained. Whilst in session i preached 
twice ; first, on Jos. iii. 5. and tbe second time, on Psalm cxxxrii. 
6»: we bad a solen&n, uniting, melting season, and great power at- 
tended odr last meeting. 

Saturday 19. At noon I set out for Philadelphia, but my saddle 
horse being lame, 1 was compelled to ride my old horse, which is 
OQJ^ 6A to carry my baggage. 

Sunday 20. Dined with brother Bond, and came on to Wilming- 
ton. Whilst preaching we had Satan inside and outside of tbe house, 
and throi^b the windows ; 1 believe good was done, at which he 
Wat not well pleased.' 

A daogbterof my old friend, Stedharo, had not forgotten me ; she 
invited me, with much affection, to her bouse ; shfe remembered 
the livii^ and dying monitions of her father, add was mindful of his 
frieiids^ 

-PftxfirsTLVARiA. — Monday 21.1 reached tbe city of Philadelphia. 
Our brethren have built a new chapel, thirty feet square, at the 
south end of tbe city. I feel myself fatigued and unwell, occa- 
sioned by riding a rougb-going horse. 

Tuesday 22. Was spent in reading, writing, and visiting. 

'Wednesday 23. Tbe oonference began in poor Pennsylvania 
district : all was peace and love. Our printing is in a good state. 
Oor society in the city of Philadelphia are generally poor ; per- 
haps it is well : when men become rich, they sometimes forget that 
they are Methodists. 1 am weak, and have been busy, and am not 
animated by the hope of doing good here ; 1 have therefore been 
lilenttbe whole week :-->'* 1 must needs go tbrough Samaria.'* 

Friday 25. There was some feeling, and profitable speaking ; 
we also had a love-feast. Next day, Saturday, I was closely em- 
ployed in writing. 

Sunday 27. Many felt an^ wept, whilst 1 enlarged on '' The 
Lord is in his holy temple.'' At the new chapel, called Ebenezer, 
in (he afternoon, my subject was 1 Sam. vii. 12. I first explained 



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84 BBT. FKAlVetB ASBURT'S JOVIUIAL. [tJM. 

the teid ; then showed tbe Methodist doctrine aad diieipfitte, wmti 
the work God had wrought by them io this country. 

New- Jersey. — Monday 28. Rode to Burlington, the pkce ap- 
pointed for our next conference : here I preached on *' searehing 
Jerusalem with candles," and it was a searching season. On Taes- 
day night we had a shout — then came the bulls of Bashan and 
broke our windows ; it was well my head escaped the violence of 
these wicked sinners : I hope tbe strong power of Satan will feel 
a shake this conference. The session has been in great peace ; 
harmony has prevailed, and the council has been nnanimoosly 
adopted. 

Wednesday 30. We had a love-feast ; and a genuine, tweet 
melting ran through the house. S. Strattan stood up and declared 
he had followed the work of God for six months, and that he be- 
lieved six hundred souls had professed conversion in that lime. 
There is a most genuine work in several places ; vie. in Flanders» 
Trenton, Burlington, Salem, and Bethel circuits — glory to our 
wonder-working God ! All hail, eternal Father, coequal Son, and 
everlasting Spirit, in time and for ever ! Amen, and Amen 1 ! I 

I delivered a discourse on Psalm cxzii. 6. On Friday I rode 
through Cross- Weeks, and Allen-Town, and Cranbury, lodging at 
Doctor Jaques's. 

Friday, October 1. As we could not reach York, 1 stopped and 
gave them a discourse at Elizabethtown. We afterward had a 
safe, although a long passage, by water to New- York ; and found 
all in peace. 

New- York. — Sunday 3. I preached at the old church ; and in 
the afternoon at the new, on Matt. xxv. 31 — 46. The new church 
is commodious, elegant, yet plain. 

Monday 4. We began our conference, and sat with close appli- 
cation to business until Thursday morning : all was peace, order, 
and unanimity. On Thursday evening I returned to ^izabeth- 
town. 

Friday 8. Rode twenty-five miles to Trenton, and preached at 
night. Next day I rode through a heavy rain to Philadelf^a. 

FENirsyLVANiA. — Suoday morning 10, was rainy; 1 however 
preached at St. George's church, and again in the evening. H. 
Willis is come hither to settle himself in life, and will probably go 
into trade : the church has (hereby lost, in part, a faithful servant. 

Thursday 14 I left the city ; dined at Chester ; and here I saw 
one whose soul was made dear to me by long acquaintance^ now 
feeble in body, and deeply affected in »md. Reached New-Castle, 



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2796.] IIEV* FIIAJICIS asivry's JOTJEWAL Ho 

ID Delaware, and once mdre preached there» and had a few sen* 
oos hearers. 

Delaware.— Friday 15. I did not reach Dickinson's in time; 
however, 1 spoke a little. 1 found sister Dickinson wrapt in clay, 
-whom I lefl sick abont three weeks ago : she has been an atten* 
live, devoted woman, has washed the saints' feet, and kindly served 
the dear servants of God ; and I trnst her soul is now in peace, 
i spoke a little at Duck Creek Cross Roads, where nearly thirty 
members have been added to the society since last conference. 

Sunday 17. We had a gracious love feast, and a very powerful 
meeting ; many bore a living testimony ; there was great life and 
ehouting among the people of God. In the evening I rode to bro- 
ther White's. 

Monday 18. At Thomas White's my soul has been made to feel 
very solemn : a. view of the remarkable work of God ; the death 
4)f some, aod the deep spirituality of others ; the sending out 
.young men (or the ministry ; and the providing for the fatherless . 
and widows — these are all weighty matters, and greatly occupied 
my mind. In the midst of all my soul panteth after God. 

Wednesday 20. We rode twenty miles to Millford quarterly 
meeting. They have ceiled the chapel, and put the galleries in 
order; and what is still better, there were many living souls 
among them. 

Thursday 21. At the love-feast many spoke of lh^\4ealings of 
God with their souls. I once more visited B. Williams, and felt 
my soul powerfully drawn out towards the children. The people 
jare alive ; but I fear they are not as much engaged as they were 
this time last year. 

Friday 22. Came once more to sister Sharkley's ; now my dear 
t>ld friend is gone, perhaps the Gospel most go out of the house : 
I trust the dear woman is gone to heaven. I then visited the fa- 
therless and the widow, (sister Abbitt :) 1 felt sweet peace, and a 
. solemn sense of the presence of God. 

. Saturday 23. Came to Lewistown. There being no preaching 
appointed, we rode to the light-house : I could but praise God that 
the house was kept by people who praise and love him — no drink- 
ing or swearing here. Brother H is a Christian and a 

preacher; and God has owned his labours. An Irish vessel had 
been cast away with three hundred souls on board, all of whom 
perished but about forty ; I asked him concerning it, and 1 learned 
that they were within sight of land ; and that if they had timely 
thrown themselves into the sea^ they were nigh enough the land 



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66 ll£V. FlUNCIS ASBURY'S JOUIUYAL. [1790. 

, to baveHeen washed ashore, so that many more would ha? e pro- 
bably been saved. So much for a drunken captain, who throw 
these precious lives away. Brother H^-— ^ told me that he did 
not go near the wreck until afler his return from Lewistowd, with 
a guard ; that it was reported some of the crew were aa ready to 
plunder the goods on board as others ; stricter laws are now 
made ; and the people on this shore are greatly reformed--^for 
which they may thank the Methodists. We have a chapel buitt 
at Lewistown ; and we had an agreeable Sabbath day. The peo* 
pie, however, have their prejudices. Mr. W- ■ , a minister for 
thirty or forty years standing, has gone (since 1 was here last) to 
give an account of his stewardship, sis we most all shortly do. 

Tuesday 26. I preached at the Sound chapel. Brother Everett 
then spoke of the sin of unbelief as the chief sin that keeps people 
from the blessings of the Gospel. We administered the sacra*, 
ment, and in the afternoon rode to Buckingham. I rejoiced ia 
the account brother Powell gave me of the state of religion at tlie 
Sound ; he said that the. Lord bad owned and blest their prayer, 
meetings; that he thought one hundred souls had been affected 
and shaken, and perhaps eighteen or twenty converted, in the space, 
of eighteen or twenty months ; that brother Wilhams, a loeel 
deacon, was in the spirit of the work ; formerly he pleased dl 
with his smooth speaking, but that now they cry out against him. 

Wednesday 27. I felt glad in my. soul, notwithstanding brother 
Lee is on forbidden ground — and, in spite of prejudice and ADtioo** 
mianism, that souls are awakened by his ministry. I feel myself 
under some temptation ; but 1 fight and conquer in the strength of 
Christ. 

Thursday 28. I finished reading the second volume of. the Ar- 
minian Magazine. Notwithstanding its defects, I am persuaded it 
is one of the best and cheapest books in America : the Hf^ of Mr* 
Fletcher, the tracts, letters, and sermons are good — the poetry 
might be better. , 

Saturday 30. I feel the weakness and infirmities of flesh and 
blood ; having rode seventy miles the two last days. At the qm- 
terly meeting, at Garrettson's, I was unwell, but felt divine assis* 
tance in preaching. 

Virginia. — Sunday 31. We had a powerful love-feast; and I 
believe it would have been more so had God's dear children had 
time to speak. We had a vast crowd of people. Brother F— 
preached first, and 1 alter him : I had a solemn sense of God, and 
sinners were serious. 



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1790.] RET. FRANCIS AflBURV'S JOVRKAL. tl 

Hoaday, NoTember 1. Preacbedat Accomack conrt-boufle, oa 
Rom. i. 16. We had a weighty season. A poor man, who had 
lately professed religion, appeared to be somewhat distracted : be 
has been a vile sinner ; bat I hope he will recover his right mind ; 
the family is subject to derangement. There are some unrea* 
sonable things among the people here ; but we are afraid of 
gathering oot the tares, lest we should root up the wheat also. 
We must continue to observe the order of God and our own disci* 
pltne — ^attend to preaching, prayer, class-meeting, and love*feast ; 
and then if they will shout, why let them shout. 

Wednesday 3. I preached on education, from ** Come, ye chil« 
dren, hearken to me ; I will teach you the fear of the Lord." 
The word was felt by the parents. After preaching I rode to 
Littleton Long's. This neighbourhood is supplied with preaching 
by the Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists. 
All is well, if the people are saved. 

Maryland.— rThursday 4. We had but few hearers, and an un« 
comfortable time at our quarterly meeting in the Annamessex 
cbapel. Next day we had a full house, and 1 preached on edoca- 
tioQ«-i>my text, *' Train up a child in the way he should go : and 
wbeii he is old he will not depart from it." After meeting we 
rode eighteen miles without our dinner, which, with the disagree* 
able weather, made me sick. Hode twenty-five miles to Broad- 
Creek quarterly meetit^, and preached on Matt. x. 37, 3S ; and 
the next day on Hosea vi. 4. it was a searching time. We came 
oS, and found the wind blowing fiercely ; but when we had en- 
tered the boat, we had a sudden calm : if this were not an answer 
to prayer, it was as 1 prayed. I reproved myself for a sudden and 
violent laugh at the relation of a man's having given an old negro 
woman h^er liberty because she had too much religion for htm, 

Monday 8. We held a quarterly meeting in Dorset, in a new, 
unfinished house. 

Tuesday 9. We had a gracious love-feast ; and I addressed 
pareiits ver^ seriously on Deut. vi. 67. I lodged with brother 
Heofy Ennalls, who, with his wife, has been powerfully brought to 
God-~^is slaves were freed immediately. His sister, Nancy Bas- 
sett, has gone to rest : the other two have followed the example of 
a dear brother^— God has heard their prayers. 

Wednesday 10. I came to Frazier^s chapel : my spirits were 
very low ; and I felt that there was death amongst the people. 
Thursday 1 1 . Our love-feast was living and powerful. I have 



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IrT-" 



SB REV. FRANCIS ASBURt's JOTTR^AL. ^ [1790. 

seen a wonder of grace in Cdpt. B : this has been the wish of 

my heart, the desire of my soal, and the answer to prayer; for 
which I am thankful to God. 

Friday 12. 1 preached At Bolingbroke to a full house od 
Ephraim's mixing himself among the people. 

Saturday 13. We had a gracious season at the love-feast. lo 

the evening I came to Allen's. The next day, being rainy, we had 

but one hundred hearers at Tuckahoe ; whereas, we expected, 

that had it been a clear day, we should have five or six hundred. 

' I preached in the evening at Choptank Bridge to a few people. 

Monday 15. 1 see the wonders of grace; and have had severe 
conflicts: my soul is more and more established in God ; but so 
many persons and things occupy my time, that I have not as much 
leisure and opportunity for prayer and communion with God, and 
for drinking into the Holy Spirit of life and love as 1 could wish. 
We had a seasonable time at brother White's : I was very pointed 
on 2 Peter ii. 9. Perhaps I have spoken my last admonition to 
some who were present. . 

Thursday 18. Rode to Dover; and next day we had quarterly 
meeting at Dudley's chapel. 

Saturday 20. At Duck Creek Cross Roads a spirit of prayer pre- 
vails amongst the people, and God is with tbem< 

Sunday 21. At Cecil quarterly meeting, held at Dickinson's, we 
had many people, and some life. On Monday I rode to Dr. Clay* 
ton's ; and next day to Cokesbury, where I continued until Mon- 
day the 29th. We then examined the students relatively to learn* 
ing and religion— paid debts, and put matters in better order. 
We have forty-five boys. The charitable subscriptions to the 
establishment amount to £300 per annum. 

Tuesday, December 1. The council was seated in Philip 
Rogers's chamber in Baltimore. After some explanation, we all 
agreed that we had a right to manage the temporal concerns of the 
church and college decisively ; and to recommend to the confe* 
rences, for ratification, whatever we judged might be advantageous 
to the spiritual well-being of the whole body. For the sake of 
union^ we declined sending out any recommendatory propositions : 
we had great peace and union in all our labours. What we have 
done, the minutes will show. 

Sunday 5. 1 preached a funeral discourse on the death of Mrs. 
Murray, on 2 Cor. xv. 29 — 31. it was, I hope, not altogether in 
vain. In the afternoon I preached in Mr. Otterbine's church. I 



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17dflLJ KET. FRANCIS ASBURX'S JOURRAL. B9 

hare kept no journal daring the sitting of the council ; I enjoy 
peace of soul, but such a variety of persons and subjects agitate 
my poor mind. Lord, keep me in perfect pe^ce ! 

Thursday 9. The council rose after advising a loan of £1000, 
payable in two years, for Cokesbury ; and giving directions for 
proper books to be printed. 

Friday 10. 1 left Baltimore, and reached my old friend S. 
Turners : the girls, who were babes when I first visited this house, 
are now grown up, and, I trust, possess religion. 

Virginia. — Saturday 1 1. We rode through heavy rain to Alexan- 
dria in Virginia. 

Sunday 12. I preached morning and evening, but the streets 
being muddy, and but few friends attending from the country, we 
had a thin congregation. 

Monday 13. We set out for Stafford. The weather being un- 
comfortable, and the roads deep, we turned in at twenty miles, to 
Mr. Dawning's, who treated us kindly. 

Tuesday 14. We hasted to Mrs. Waller's, where we found a few 
people, to whom I spoke on Rom. ii. 7, 8, 9. Finding Tommy (a 
son of Mrs. W.'s) had genius, 1 gave him a pass to Cokesbury : it 
may be that he may serve himself, his family, and his country :*^ 
O that he may serve bis God ! 

Wednesday 15. Came to King George ; and, cold as it was, I found 
nearly one hundred people had assembled at the widow Bomby's. 

Saturday 18. Attended the quarterly meeting at brother Ed- 
wards's : the weather was extremely cold, and we^had but few 
hearers. 

Sunday 19. Afler preaching at the quarterly meeting, I visited 
Caunsellor Carter; and spent the evening in much peace and 
love : he has the manners of a gentleman, the attainments of a 
scholar, and the experience of a Christian. 

Monday 20. The weather softening, I made haste to get across 
the Rappahanock, and reached brother B — — s, about twenty-five 
miles : I found myself much chilled by my ride. My soul has 
been kept in great peace ; and, almost, in constant prayer : I wish 
to feel so placid as not to have any" acid in my temper ; nor a 
frown, or wrinkle on my brow — to bear all things, do all things, 
suffer all things from the ignorance or weakness of thexhildren of 
God, or the wickedness of the sons and daughters of Satan. I 
think my soul momently pants after more of God. 

Vol. II. * , 12 



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90 KEY. FRANCM ASBHrKT's JOVRNAL. [1790. 

Thara<kty 23» I preached at brother C — ^s ; and waa very 
pointed : I hope it will have the good effect of preventing; the sin 
and vanity that too often prevail at Christmas. 

Friday 24. Came to the widow Clayton's ; where thef^ has been 
a work of God : I preached, with hberty, from *' ?ut ye on die 
Lord Jesas Christ, and make no provision for the flesh to fol£U the 
lusts thereof." I cautioned the people against the sins of the times. 

Christmas day. I had thirty miles to Hanover. William Glen- 
denning began before I came ; when he had done, I went into the 
tavern keeper's porch ; but I aAerward judged it best to with- 
draw, and speak in another place* I stood in the door of a pub- 
lic house* and with abitut half of my congregation out of doors, 
preached on '^ Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy :'' the 
people behaved exceedingly well ; and 4he town was very stilL 

Sunday 26. I had a large congregation at NewrCastle, to whom 
I spoke on *' Thou shalt call his name Jesus ; for he shall sayetiis 
people from their sins." William Glendenning spoke after me : I 
am clear he is not right in his head or heart, and am therefore re- 
solved he shall speak no more at my appointments. 

Monday 27. Preached at Colonel Clayton's. The people here- 
«ibouts are wealthy, and few attend preaching ; nevertheless, I was 
favoured with their company, and had great liberty and sweetness 
in speaking to them : I feel as if God would yet work among 
them. It was in this neighbourhood I was laid up four years ago. 

Tuesday 28. I had many people at the widow A s ; but they 

did not appe^ir to be.jn a good frame to receive instruction : their 
Christinas company ; sinful, worldly joy ; full-feeding ; together 
with the severity of the weather — all appeared to make against a 
profitable meeting. 

Wednesday 29. Preached in James-City — crowded with com- 
pany — I was informed of some painful circumstances relative to oar 
dissatisfied brethren : 1 leave these things to God, who will bring 
all things to light. Contrary to my expectations, I found there was 
an appointment made for me to preach in Williamsburg, being the 
4ay I had intended to cross the river. 

Thursday 30. I preached in the city of Williamsburg, according 
to appointment : I felt much liberty ; and had some hope that 
Providence i^as about to open the way for a work in this place. 

Friday 31, I came on to the ferry, chilled with the cold. We 
had to ride seven miles ; the wind was high about the time we 



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1991.] ASV. FRANCIS ABBU&T'S JOtRFlL. 91 

•labariced ; preseotlj a soovr storm came on ; and Alfhongh wind 
and tide were in oar favour, we had rough Work io crossing. Our 
hones were smooth, the bottom of the boat icy, so that it was 
with difficulty they could keep their feet ; however kind Provi- 
dence brought us safe to Cobham, whence we hasted along to 
brother M ■ 's, and found brother Paup speaking, and the people 
shouting. I preached on £phes. v. 17, 18, 19. I afterward had an 
interview with brother Paup, ^nd a more full account of matters 
relative to our disaffected brethren. Thence I rode on to brother 
Blnnt's ; but there were none to preach to. 

Sunday, January 2, 1791. Notwithstanding the snow was deep, 
we rode to brother Cowling's. Few people attended ; but we had 
a comfortable meeting, especially at the sacrament. 

Mondays. We rode hard to get to Craney-Island, and came 
within three miles by two o'clock ; the people being dispersed, 
we came back to brother JolifiPs. 

Tuesday 4. I had a few to hear, to whom I spoke on Rom. xiii^ 
11. I engaged R. I , as a French teacher for Cokesbury. 

Wednesday 5. We had a blessed time at Norfolk, whilst I 
applied Zech. xii. 10. Many praised the Lord aloud. I was 
closely employed until the moment I left town. I find the Lord 
has wrought in Norfolk, Portsmouth, and the country round 
about. 

North Carolina. — Thursday C. I did not reach Chapel until 
three o'clock. Next day I reached Col. Williams's, Currituck, 
North Carolina. Here we had a quickening time. T possess 
peace of mind ; and feel no murmuring nor discojitent. My horse 
is very lame, and the roads in this country are very deep.' 

Saturday 8. After preaching at B 's, I hasted to S 's 

ferry, on Pasquotank- River, where I waited about three hours. 
The negroes were dancing. I staid behind until all the company 
were over, and then crossed about eight o'clock ; and about nine, 
reached brother P s. 

Sunday 9. Preached at New-begun church in the morning, and 
at Nixonton in the evening, in the court-house, which was nearly 
fiUed. 

Tuesday 11. Yesterday I rode to brother B 's, within five 

miles of Gates court-house^ fify fare is sometimes poor, my rides 
are long, my horse is lame ; yet, while Christ is mine, 1 feel 
nothing like murmuring or discontent. 1 have passed through 
Winton, Wicocon, Campbell, and Hardy counties, preaching as I 
journeyed, and found a few living souls. 



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92 REV. VRARcis asburt's jovksau [17^1 • 

Sunday 16. Came to Gardener's, to quarterly meeting, where I 
enlarged on Peter's fall, and it was a serioas, powerful meeting.' 

I thence rode to our late brother F 's, whose funeral rites 

' I performed. Although the weather was cold, the congr^ation 
was large. I was importuned to visit the town ; but found there 
were but few who really wished me to go. I however went, and 
preached to them at candle light, and many of them laughed at the 
foolish old prophet. Perhaps when I next come to see them 
they will be more serious. Thence we hastened to brother Jones's^, 
whose wife lately departed tl^is life in the full triumph of faith — * 
and his son is engaged in horse-racing. This brought to my mind 
young P— ; who, after the death of his pious father, turned away 
the preachers, and sinned with a high hand ; but the Lord/olkwed 
him ; and after he had spent a good deal of the substance left him 
by his father, he was made a happy subject of the grace of God. 
I will not give up all hope for young Jones. 

Saturday 22. Crossed NeoAe-River, at Smith's ferry, and came 
to. the dwelling of the late Gen. Hardy Bryan ; a man I had often 
heard of, and wished to see— but death, swift and sudden, reached 
the house before me. His son H died the 18th of last No- 

vember ; his daughter Mary, December 28th ; and himself the 
10th instant : each of them feared the Lord, and were happy souls. 
I felt strangely unwilling to believe the General was dead, until I 
could no longer doubt it : at the grave-yard I had very solemn 
feeling — ^there was some melting among the people whilst I en- 
larged on Psalm zii. 1. 

Sunday 23. 1 had very great opening on 1 Thess. iv. 13, 14. 
It was on the occasion of the Jate lamented deaths. Surely this ts 
loud preaching— it is one of. the most awakening scenes of my 
life : how soon were these dear souls justified, sanctified, and call- 
ed home to glory. Hail, happy dead !•— rWe toil below, but hope, 
ere long, with you to sing God's praise above. Lord, help us to 
improve this providenqe, and always be looking and longing for glory I 

Monday 24. 1 had a most dreary ride to Trenton : (Jones 
court-house) here I met with Lewis Bryan, brother to the late 
General : — his heart and house are open. After getting some 
refreshment we went to the chapel, where I preached with great 
freedom : there were brethren present who came to meet us from 

a great distance. In the evening, brothers C , and L , 

and A-- — held meeting. 

Tuesday 25. 1 preached at Lee's chapel. Therq is a very 
great change for the better since I was here three years ago : 



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1791.] REV. FRANCIS ASBVRt'S JOURNAL. 93 

tli^y have now built a very decent house for worship. I was unwell 
in my body, but hapj^ in my God» and resigned to his will. 

Wednesday 26. Preached to a large congregation at brother 

D 's, on White-Oak River. — I baptised and administered the 

sacrament. After dinner I rode twelve miles to L '&» and 

found the people waiting: about six we began exhortation and 
ptayer, and about midnight laid ourselves down to rest 

Thursday 27. I had many to hear at Swansbury ; the people 
were attentive — O that God may bless his word to them I — Surely, 

all shall not be in vain. I returned to brother T *s, a mile 

out of town ; but -the people found where I was and came out. 
Sometimes I am tried wbeu I cannot enjoy my hours of retire- 
ment ; but we must bear all ibhkgci, if thereby we may do good, 
and gain the more souls to Christ,. 

Friday 28. We rode sixteen miles to an old chapel on the way 
to Richland's ; the people and myself suffered from the weather ; 
however, I spoke a little, and administered the sacrament ; after 
which, I rode, cold and hungry, sixteen miles more to brother C. 
Ballard's. 

Sunday 30. The truth was delivered sharply and pointedly ; 
but the people were wild and unfeeling. 

Tuesday, February 1. I had a large congregation at the Sand- 
Hills. Feeling myself enlarged in spirit, although weak in body, 
I entered very extensively into the nature and excellencies of the 
Gospel. We administered the Lord's supper, and had a shaking 

among the people : brothers L and B were there, and 

we rejoiced in the Lord together. We were honoured with a 
litde cabin at a distance from the other hbuse, about eight feet 
wide and nine feet long, and were as happy as princes in a palace, 

Wednesday 2. We had eur difficulties in getting along an un- 
known path. Arrived at De V 's ford ; we met with a very 

kind man, who gave us and our baggage a passage on a broken 
canoe ; then led us part of our way, and sent a servant to conduct 
as on. We reached Anderson's about two o'clock ; and found 
many people waiting ; but they appeared to be unfeeling. We 
were most kindly treated. The people are about to settle a newly 
introduced minister ; so we may go off for a year or two ; and 
by that time the way may be open for our return. I am charged 
wilh dreadful things about the council ; but I believe the Lord will 
make it appear where the mischief lies. 

Crossed Cape-Fear River, and rode thirty miles to sister Tur- 
ner's : here I spoke to some assembled people, some of whom 



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94 ABV^ F&AHCIS asiury's jovrhal. [1791. 



felty and my labour was not in Tain in the Lord : my own sonl ' 
blessed. I was awfiiUy impressed with the conviction that the 
interests of religion had been injured by backsliders and loose 
walkers. 

Saturday 6. We had many at the qnarterly meeting for that 
part of the country. My subject was ** And Peter went out and 
wept bitterly." 

Sunday 6. We hai a little melting among the people at noon, 
and in the evening. Ah ! my God, how few there are who truly 
love thee ! 

Monday 7. Rode to Lockwood's Folly i and preached at Char- 
lotte-River to not less than one hundred people ; a yut congrega- 
tion for 80 lonely a part nf thp vrorld : the soil is very barren ; 
and the country,' consequently, but thinly settled. We were re- 
commended, for lodging, to a certain squire's ; but Providence so 
ordered it, that we came to a simple-hearted brother S ^s, 
where we were kindly received, and abundantly supplied with 
every thing necessary for man and horse. As our time would 
admit, I was disposed to indulge a desire I had of going by Pyra- 
way,^bout twelve miles distant. We crossed Wacamaw-River : 
it is about one hundred and fifty yards wide : our horses ferried 
themselves over by swimming. I preached in the evening on 
** The Son of Man is come to seek and to save that which was 
lost." 

South Carolina. — Tuesday 8. We came a long, dreary way, 
missed our road, and at l^st reached brother S ■ .-'s ; a distance 
of twenty-five miles, which our wandering made thirty miles. I 
rejoice to find that this desert country has gracious souls in it : O 
how great the change in the flight of six years ! we have new 
many friends, and some precious souls converted to God— glory 
be to the Lord most high ! i feel power to bear all things, and 
leave events to God : the misconduct of other men is my grief, 
but not my sin ; so I will trust God with his own cause. 

Friday 11. We set out for Black-*River, from about six miles 
above Kingston, having Bull-Run, Bramble Island, and great Pee- 
Dee to cross. Reaching Black- River, we were compelled to turn 

aside to' Mr. S ^s rice plantation, where we procured provender 

for our horses, and breakfasted on our own tea. 

Saturday 12. Came to Georgetown through the rain-— felt my- 
self unwell and very low in spirits. 

Sunday 13. I preached a plain, searching sermon ; and some 
felt the word : but it is a day of small things. In the afternoon I 



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1791.] IVET. riuif<;is asbtjkt's jovRirAt* 9i 

tahrgiei oo <* How Aafl I give thee up, O Ephraim ?*' the wicked 
ycmths were playing withcrat, and iBattention prevailed amoi^t 
those withiD. I was, and contiDoed to be, under great dejection 
daring my at»y. 

Monday 14. Rode forty-five miles to brother Sinclair Caperses's, 
under depression of spirits ; and here I received letters not at all 
ealdilated to relieve me. 

Charleston, Tuesday 15. I went to chnrch under awfol dis- 
tress of heart : my drooping spirits were somewhat revived in the 
honse of Qod. We grow here but slowly. 

Thursday 17. I had a small congregation of whites. I feel the 
want of religion here : indeed, the gross immoralitiea of the place 
are obvious to every passenger in the streets. 

I learn that in Georgia preachers of other denominations have 
had high disputes with ours : I ^m clear that controversy should 
be avoided ; because ve have better work to do ; and because it is 
too common that when debates run high, there are wrong words 
and tempers indulged on both sides. 

Sunday 20. I read prayers in the morning ; and brother Ellis 
preached. In the afternoon brother Askew preached his farewell 
sermon ; and at night I was very pointed to yoang people, on^' Re- 
member now thy Creator ia the days of thy youth," &c. 

Wednesday 23. Long-looked for Doctor Coke came to town : 
he had been shipwrecked off Edisto.. I found the Doctor's senti- 
ments, with regard to the council, quite changed. James O^Kelly's 
letters had reached London. I felt perfectly calm, and acceded to 
a general conference, for the sake of peace. 

Sunday 27. Doctor Coke preached to a very large audience in 
the evening : the poor sinners appeared to be a little tamed. I was 
much blessed in meeting the married and single men apart : 1 also 
met the married and single women. I trust there has been good 
done in Charleston this conference. I want to be gone into the 
country to enjoy sweet solitude and prayer. I have been reading 
three hundr^ pages of Taylor's sermons, where I find many in- 
strocting glossy on the Scriptures. 

Tuesday, March 1. At night 1 made my last effort for this tioae : 
and the people were more attentive. — ^1 let out freely against the 
races. 1 am somewhat distressed at the uneasiness of our people, 
who claim a right to chuse their own preachers, a thing quite new 
amongst Methodists. None but Mr* Hammett will do for them.— 
We shall see how it will end. 



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96 REV* FRANCIS ASBURy's JOURNAL. [1791. 

Wednesday 2. I left the city, something grieved in mind. I 
crossed the toll-bridge over Ashley-Kiver ; came to Jacksons- 
borough, and lodged at Bonhain*s. 

Thursday 3. Came to AUen^s tavern. — My host (a Torkshireman) 
and his wife, are attentive, obliging,, and cleanly : they want nothing 
bnt religion to make them superior, in their way, to almost any I 
have met with in America. I proceeded on to the Salt-Ketchers ; 
and thence to Coosanhatchie, where I was kindly entertained by 
Mr. Lambrights. 

Frid9y 4. I had a very well-dressed, serious, attentive congrega- 
tion, at the district court-house : I had not much liberty ; bow- 
ever, 1 endeavoured to speak plainly on <* Godliness is profitable,'* 
&c. an attentive, pious, old man thanked me for my discourse. 

Our hbrses are much hurt by long rides/ having travelled one 
hundred miles in two days. 

Saturday 5. I read, critically, Mrs. Rowe's Devout Exercises of 
the Heart, f wrote (pearly twenty pages to Doctor Coke on the 
concerns of the church. 

Sunday 6. Notwithstanding the heavy rain, we had many to hear 
at brother Stafford's : where I enforced " Let this mind be in you 
which was also in Christ Jesus." 

Georgia. — Monday 7. I preached at Hudson's ferry with some 
freedom ; but the people appeared wild and stupid. I was alarmed 
at hearing a man talking large and loud, thinking he was drank, and 
would come in, and disturb the congregation ; but he was, as I after- 
ward learned, an Antinomian. I came, in a heavy storm, to bro-' 

ther H ^'s. This dliy I passed Savannah Swamp, parts of which 

are not unlike the Santee and Kentucky lands. 

Tuesday 8. We had nearly* four hundred people at k 's ; and 

1 trust the Lord, in some good degree, breathed upon the souls pre- 
sent. We then rode sixteen miles, and had a comfortable evening 
exercise at brother R -'s. 

Wednesday 9. Preached at an old church ; I was much fatigued, 

and felt unwell. > At the invitation of Mr. C , I came to 

Waynesborougfa. I lodged with Mr. Henry, a Jew«: we read He- 
brew part of the night, and I should have been pleased to have 
spent the night thus occupied with so good a scholar. . 

Thursday 10. I preached at C 's church ; my body was 

wearied with labour and want of sleep. 

Sunday 13. Came to Georgetown at Ogechee Shoals, and found 
Satan was there. I levelled away on the parable of the sower. I 



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I7BI.] Rev. VJURCIS ASBVIlY^d JOURITAL. ^'i 

6omt to brother H-— ^-^'jf.'-^tleajrd h^avy tidi^igs. My aoqI is calm 
— Let the Lord look to his own house. 1 hasted to Scott's : Poctot 
Coke came io time eDoa|;h to preach ; and then we opened con- 
ference. 

We sat very closely to our work ; and had some matters of mo*- 
ment to attend to in the course of our deliberations. 1 have rode 
about two hundred aiicl fifty mUes in Georgia, and find the work, in 
genetsd, very dead.r-"The peace with the Creek Indians^ the settle 
ment of new lands, good trade, buying slaves, &c. take op the atten- 
tion of the pepple. 

Sunday 2(K There was a shaking 'amongst the people whilst I 
spoke on Rom. x. 21. , 

SotJTH G^HOLtNA.-^Afler meetjlDg, I came away, Qod rode twenty 
miles to brother Herbert's that eyening. 

Whilst Doctor Coke stayed behind to fweaob atNinety-i^ie Town, 
i came on and made ai^ appointment and preached at Finehe*s ; and 
some, I know, felt the word. 

Wednesday 23. We crossed the Ennoree, Tyger, and Broad 
Rivers. 

Saturday 26. We had white and red Indians at Catawba ; the 
Doctor and my»elf both preached. I had some conversation withi 
the chiefs of the Indians about keeping np the school we haV6 
been endeavouring to estaibli^h amongst them. I asked for one of 
their children ; but the father would not give conaent) nor would 
the child come. My body is weak ; bu€ my mind has heaven and 
peace within. We closely employed our intervals of leisure in 
preparing different trstcts for the press. 

Lord^s day 27. We found the people insensible at the Waxsaws 
church: some few seemed alarmed tvbilst Isai. xxxiii. 14* was 
opened and enforced. 

Wednesday 30. We came to Salisbury : I felt unwell, and no 
freedom to speak. Doctor Coke gave them a sermooi and we 

then rode five miles to B *8. Next day we reached Jones's; 

and the day after (first iof April) M'Knight's^ %vhere we opened 
conference in great peace. Many of the preachers related thetr 
experience, and it was a most blessed season of gtace. 

Monday 4. We rose, after sitting each night (Sabbath excepted) 
until twelve o'clock. Several of our brethren expressed some- 
thing like the. perfect love of (jod, but they had doubts abottt their 
having retained it. 

Tuesday 5. We rested awhile at Salem on our way, and came in 
the evening to brother W-^'s^ and had a meeting there* I believe 

Vol. U. 13 



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90 REV. FRANCIS ASBITRY^S JOURNAL. [17dl. 

trouble is at hand : — but I trust God with his cause, and Christ with 
bis church. My soul drinks into holiness. 

Friday 8, I observed as a day of abstinence and prayer, read-; 
ing and meditation. O for pore of heayen ! Poor Minters's case 
has given occasion for sinners, and for the world to laugh, and talk, 
and write. 

Saturday 9. We had a large congregation at A 's ; I felt life in 

speaking, although weak and weary in body. We rode seven miles 
to the banks of Dan-River, bat knew not where to cross. At 
length we came to the Fishery ; crossed in a canoe, and walked 
two miles, in the night, to T. Harrison's : thus ended the labours of 
the day. 

Virginia.— Sunday 10. Doctor Coke and myself both preached 
at Watson's church ; and there was some little effect prodaced^ I 
spent the evening with George Adams, a true son of his worthy 
father, Silvanus Adams, for kindness to the preachers. I am con-' 
stantly weak and feverish in body ; but my soul is uncommonly 
happy and calm. We moved from G: Adams's to the widow Dicks's i 
and thence, next day^ to brother Marten's. 

Wednesday 13. Came to Difficult church: where we were 
honoured with the company of some of the great : the Doctor 
preached a noble sermon on the Divinity of Christ ; and 1 urged, 
" It is time to seek the Lord." Afterward we preached in Cbar« 
lotte and Mecklenburg ; and on Sunday following came to quar* 
terly meeting at sister Walker's, in Brunswick. Doctor Coke went 
to the bam ; and I p^eacl^d in the house: the rain rendered our 
meeting uncomfortable. 

Monday 18. Near Dinwiddie court-house I waited, it being the 
day of the election, until our brethren returned from the court* 
house, and then preached in the new church on 2 Cor. vi. 17, 18» 

.Tuesday 19. We rode to Petersburg. We agreed to take diffe- 
rent lodgings during the sitting of the conference — the Doctor at 
brother Davis's, and myself at brother Harding's. 

Wednesday 20. I preached on *' Qur light afflictions which are 
but for a moment," &c. ; and there was some warmth amongst the 
preachers and people. The business of our conference was 
brought on in peace ; and there was a blessing attended our speak- 
ing on our experiences, ami in prayer. The affair of the council 
was suspended until a general conferences 

Friday 22. Late in the evening our conference rose* 

Saturday 23. I preached at E. West's, to a large congregation ; 
and ha4 a little spring of power. 



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1701.] nCV. FHANCIS ASBVRT^S JOURNAL. . 99 

Sanday 24. Came to Colonel ClaytoD'a ; who was very ill. We 
bad a large collectioo of people, and a good meeting : we were to 
have held our^conference at tlje Cobners, but his illness prevented. 
We sat at his son, B. Clayton's ; and were amply provided for : the 
son is not a member ; but he was very kind. 

Monday 25. Doctor Coke and brother I. Ellis preached ; and 
there was some power attended the word. I foand the Doctor had 
tnnch changed his sentiments since his last visit to this continent; 
and that these impressions still continued — I hope to be enabled to 
give up all I dare for peace sake ; and to please all men for their 
good to edification. 

We hastened our business ; and on Tuesday, twenty-six, came 
to New-Castle: here l' preached on " How often would I have 
gathered thy children together as a hen gathereth her brood un- 
der her wings, and ye would not :'* I have no doubt but the peo- 
ple felt the word. W^ came on to Hanover-Town ; where the 
Doctor preached in the afternoon. 

Wednesday 27. We rode thirty miles to the widow Collins's* 
Caroline county, much wearied in body, but greatly comforted in 
God. 

Thursday 28. At eleven o^clock, at Pope's chapel, the Doctor 
preached on " Pray without ceasing." Myself, on ** By grace are 
ye saved, through faith :" I was long and very close. We hasted to 
Fort Royal, where a number of fine people were waiting, to 
wliom the Doctor preached on '^ Ye are dead, and your life is hid 
with Chi^tst in God:'' they expressed a desire for me to preach 
also ; but it being late, 1 declined it. 

Friday 29. The solemn news reached our ears that the public 
papers had announced the-deatb of that dear man of God, John 
Wesley. He died in his owu house in London, in the eighty- 
eighth year of his age, after preaching the Gospel sixty-four years. 
When we consider his plain and nervous writings ; his uncommon 
talent for sermonizing and journalizing ; that he^.had such a steady 
flow of animdl spirits ; so much of the spirit of government in him ; 
his knowledge as an observer; his attainments as a scholar; bis 
experience as a Christian ; I conclude, his equaljs not to be found 
among all the sons he hath brought up ; nor his superior among 
all the sons of Adam he may have left behind. Brother Coke was 
sunk in spirit, and wished to hasten home immediately. For my- 
self, notwitstanding my long absence from Mr. Wesley, and a /ew . 
unpleasant expressions in some of his letters the dear old man has 
written to me, (occasioned by the misrepresentation of others) I 

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100 REV/. FJiAHCis ASBiritT's ;rovi(if4^. 0791. 

f«d the stroke most fiensiUj ; and» I expect, I nhdl never read 
his works withoat reflectiog on the loss which the church of Go4 
end the world has sustained hy his death. Dr. Coke, accompanied 
by brother C-*-^ and Dr. G — ^, set out for Baltimore in order to 
get the most speedy passage to England ; leaving me to fill the i^ 
poiotments. I had a laige congregation at sifter Bombry's. In 
the afternoon I rode to sister Waller's, making a journey of forty 
miles for this day. Next day I overtook Dr. Coke and bis c^m- 
pany at Cholchester. Brother Coxes*s horse being sick, I put my 
old horse in bis plate to carry them to Alexandria ; where we ar* 
rived about three o'clock, after riding forty miles by our reckon* 
ing. At Alexandria Dr. Coke had certain inforqaation of Mr. Wes- 
ley's death. On Sabbath day he reached Baltimore,, and preached 
on the occasion of Mr. Wesley's death ; and mentioded some things 
which gave offence. 

Maryiiand— May, Thursday 5. This day, and the two fpilowing 
days we held conference in Baltimore ; and great love and sweet* 
ness prevailed throughout the sitting. I preached to a large con- 
gregation on the Sabbath, and we had a gracious time. 

Monday 9. Came to Cokesbury. I foqnd there was a vast de^ 
mand for money for the establishment, th^re having been an ex- 
penditure of £700 in five months. 

Tuesday 10. Crossed Susquehanaah and came to Cecil; and next 
day reached Duck-Creek. Our conference began, and was con- 
ducted in much peace and haraM>ny amongst preachers and people. 
Our meetings' in public were attended with great power. 

Sunday 15. Two elders and three deacons were ordained. 
After the ordination, I rode taMiddletown, Delaware, and preached 
to a large congregation. 

PcNNSYi^vANiA. — Mouday 16. 1 rode to New-Castle, and had 
the last interview with Dn Coke. Surely the time to favour New- 
Castle is swiftly coming. In the eyening I came to Chester ; and 
next day, (the 17th) arrived in Philadelphia, and opened confe- 
rence. We had a tender, melting aqcouot of the dealings of God 
with many souls; and settled our business in much peace. Mr, 
Hammett came from Charleston with a wonderful list of petition- 
ers desiring his return : to this, as far as I had to say, I submitted ; 

but — - ' . - I see and hear many things that 

might wound my spirit, if it were not that the Lord bears me up 
above all. 

Wednesday 18. I preached on '* The Lordliveih^ and blessed 
b^ my rock, and let the God of my salvation be exalted." 

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1791.] EKV, FAilf CIS ASBUKY'9 JOURNAL. 101 

Friday SO. We hud d fast-day ; and in the afternoon a feast of 
lore. It was a time to be remembered : some precious souls were 
concerted. 

Saturday 21.1 left Philadelphia for New-Jersey. On the road I 
felt much of the spirit of prayer. 

New-Jersey. — Sunday 22. I preached in Trenton on Joel ii. 17. 
Several preachers exhorted, and the Lord made sinners tremble 
Eighteen years ago 1 often slipped away from Philadelphia to Bur* 
lington one week, and to Trentou another, to keep a few souls 
alive : ! had then no conferences to take up my time and occupy 
my thoughts ; and now — what hath God wrought 1 

We attended to the business of the conference with a good 
spirit. In the course of our sitting we had some pleasing and 
some painful circumstances to excite our feelings. 

Tuesday 24. I set out for New-York. At Princeton I preached, 
QDd I trust a few felt the word. Passing through Kingston, I pro- 
ceeded on to Mr. Jaques's, near Brunswick, making 32 miles. My 
soul is in peace ; my body weak and weary, 

Wednesday 25; Rode to Elizabethtown. After dinner, I went 
by water to New York ; and found all io peace* 

New-York. — Thursday 26. Our conference came together in 
great peace and lore. Our ordinary business was enlivened by the 
relation of experiences, and by profitable observations on the work 
of God. 

Nothing would satisfy the conference and the society but my con- 
senting to preach on the occasion of Mr. Wesley's death, which 
I did on Sunday May 29; my text was 2 Timothy iii. 10, 11. I 
took the same subject at the old church in the' momjlng ; and io the 
afternoon at the new church, varying, but retaining the substance. 

Monday 30. Our conference rose ; and after love-feast, the 
preachers dispersed. We had had about 30 preachers at this con- 
i^srence, and not a frown,, af sigh of sour temper, or an unkind word 
wa^ seen or heard amongst us : — but I am sick, and quite out-done 
with constant labour. Mr. Hammett's preaching was not well re- 
ceived : it was supposed to be aimed at our zealous men and pas- 
sionate meetings : at the new church his preaching was still more 
exceptionable to those judicious persons who heard him. I expect 
some things will be retailed to my disadvantage. Be it so — I trust 
the Lord. 

Wednesday, June 1. I preached at New-Rochelle church : the 
weather was unfavourable ; but we had a living meeting. 



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102 REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. [1791. 

Tbarsday 2. We had a decent, lifeless coog^egatioD at the court- 
house OD the Plains. In the afternoon I preached at North-Castle 
on Phil. ii. 12. My clay is heavy, and my spirits low. 

Friday 3. I very sensibly feel the cold I had taken on my way to 
New-RocheUe by riding in the rain ; however, I rode to Bedford, 
and preached in the town-house to about 200 serious and deeply 
attentive hearers. Rode on to brother H — —-'s and was much in- 
disposed. 

. Connecticut. — Saturday 4. I rode over rocks and hilte, and 
came to Wilton ; and preached to a serious, feeling, well-beha?ed 

people at squire R 's. In the evening 1 went on to Reading. 

Surely God will work powerfully amongst these people, and save 
thousands of them. We have travelled about 24 miles this day 
over very rough roads : the weather is cold for the season ; my 
horse is very small, and my carriage is inconvenient in such rocky, 
uneven, jolting ways. This country is very hilly and open — not 
unlike that about the Peak of Derbyshire. I feel faith to believi' 
that this, visit to New- England will be blest to my own soul, and 
the souls of others. We are now in Connecticut ; and never out 
of sight of a house ; and sometimes we have a view of many 
churches and steeples, built very neatly of wood ; either for use, 
ornament, piety, policy or interest-— or it may be some of all these. 
} do feel as if there had been religion in this country once ; and I 
apprehend there is a little in form and theory lefl^ There may 
have been a praying ministry and people here ; but I fear they are 
now spiritually dead ; and am persuaded that family and private 
prayer is very little practised : could these people be brought to 
constant, fervent prayer, the Lord would come down and work won- 
derfully among them. I find my mind fixed on God, and t(ie work 
of God. 

Lord's day 5. About ten o'clock we assembled in a bam at 
Reading, where we had, perhaps, tbre% .hundred serious, attentive 
people to hear — My subject was Eph. ii. 8, 9. I felt freedom, and 
the truth came clearly to my mind. Rode in the evening twelve 
miles over rocks and uneven roads to Newtown : I found multitudes 
of people in a Presbyterian meeting-house, many of whom appear- 
ed wild in their behaviour — the young laughing and playing in the 
galleries ; and the aged below seemed to be heavy and lifeless. — 
I was sick and weary ; nevertheless, I attempted to preach on Acts 
v. 31, 32. and endeavoured to enlarge on— 1. The humiliation of 
Christ— 2. His exaltation in his resurrection, ascension, glory, 



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Hdl.] RfiV« FRAKCI3 ASBURY's JOUAKAL. 102 

Head of the church : a Prince to give repentance and pardon to 
rebels. I felt the power of Satan, and soon ended my feeble testi- 
mony. Brother L preached at six o'clock. I felt much 

weakened and wearied. — My impressions relative to the people in 
these parts are unfavourable. 

Monday 6. Came to Stepney, and found a few people waiting for 
us at brother O — 's, to whom I gave an exhortation, and we had 
an awakening and melting time. Came on to Cheshut-Hill, about 
twenty miles from Newtown ; the people here had not had pro- 
per notice of our coming ; a few, however, being informed of it, 
let others know, so that by the time I had exhorted and prayed 
many joined them :- I exhorted again about forty minutes in as 
pointed a manner as I well could. After meeting, we called at 

£. H 's, and obtained refreshment for man and beast ; after 

conversing and praying with the family, we set out and reached 

J. H 's in tbe evening, where we had a small family meeting, 

at which I spoke on Hosea x. 12. ** Break up your fallow ground, 
for it is time, yea, yet time to seek the Lord, till he come and rain 
righteousness upon you." To-day I have felt weary and heavy, 
and yesterday I was agitated in mind, and sorely bufifeted by the 
enemy— but I have peace with God. 

Tuesday 7. Body and mind more tranquil and serene. Time 
was when I should have thought the prospects here were very 
great — the people attend in great multitudes. I find it necessary 
to guard against painful anxiety on the one hand, as well as against 
lukewarmness on the other. I judge that the spirits of men 
must be stirred up to expect more than in former times, and pray, 
preach, and converse accordingly. We came to Stratford — ^good 
news — they have voted that tbe town- house shall be shut : well — 
where shall we preach ? Some of the select-men — one, at least, 
granted access. — I felt unwilling to go, as it is always my way 
not to push myself into any public house : — we had close work on 
Isaiah Iv. 6, 7. some smiled, some laughed, some swore, some 
talked, some prayed, some wept — had it been a house of our own, 
I should not have been surprised had the windows been broken. — 
I refused to preach there any more ; and it was well I did — two of 
the esquires were quite displeased at our admittance. We met 
the class, and found some gracious souls ; tbe Methodists have a 
society consisting of twenty members, some of them converted ; 
but they have no house of worship— they may now make a benefit 
of a calamity — being denied the use of other houses, they wiii the 
more earnestly labour to get one of their own ; the Presbyterians 



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104 lt£V. FAANCiS ASBVRY'S JbURNAL. {iTOl^ 

And the Episcopaliaos have each one, and both ate elegant 
butldiogs. 

Wednesday 8. We rested at Stratford ; and had tneettng in bto- 
({ier P ■■■ J s house : finding that most of those who attended ffere 
serious people, I spoke on our blessed Lord's words Matt. xi. 98^ 
29, 3Q. it was a time of comfort to the few seeker's and beUe?ers 
present. 

Thursday 9. Came to New-Ha?en, and found my appointment 
to preach had been published in the newspapers. Every thing 
was quiet ; we called on the 8herifir*-*he was absent : we then put 
up our horses at the Ball-tavern, near the college yard.-— I was 

weary and unwell. I had the honour of the president S » 

Dr. W — ^— , and the Rev. Mr. E— to hear me, and several of 
the collegians, with a few scattering citizens. I talked away to 
them very fest, telling them some little stories, whilst the sun shone 
full in my face. The judges looked very grave while I endeavour- 
ed to show-^i. What we must be saved from ; 2. What has been 
esteemed by the men of the world as the wisdom of preaching ; 
3. What is meant by the foolishness of preaching. — When 1 had 
done no man spoke to me. I thought to-day of dear Mr. Whit^ 
field's words to Mr. Boardman and Mr. Pilmore at their first 
(doming over to America : — " Ah !'' said he^ '' if ye were Calvinists 
ye wotild take the country before ye." We visited the college 
chapel at the hour of prayer : I wished to go through the whole, 
to inspect the interior arrangements, but no one invited me. Tbe 
divines were grave, and the students were attentive ; they used me 
like a fellow Christian, in coming to hear me preach, and like a 
stranger in other respects : should Cokesbory or Baltimore ever 
furnish the opportunity, I, in my turn, will requite their beha- 
viour, by treating them as friends, brethren, and gentlemen. The 
difficulty I met with in New-Haven, for lodging, and for a place to 
hold meeting, made me feel and know the worth of Methodista 
more than ever. My body is fatigued and listless — my spirit tried 
and tempted ; infirmities cleave to me. 

From New-Haven, through a poor country, we passed on to 
Korthbury, where there is a large Independent church. In Wal* 
lingford the meeting-house o£ the Separatists supplied a place for 
our preachers,; we have also used a .neat Episcopal church — 
small indeed, compared with others. 

1 am reminded of England in travelling here ; this country more 
resembles my own than any 1 have yet seen on this side the Atlan- 
tic. I preached at five o'clock^ in the meetingrhouse of the. Bt^ 



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1791.] Rirv. FRANCtS ASBURt'S JOURNAL. 105 

paratistfl — a large room, and small company. My subject was 
2 Cor. yi. 20. I alarmed the town by tbe escessiire noise I made, 
and thereby enlarged my congregation. I felt more assisted tban 
I expected. 

Saturday 11. At Wallingford-Farms. Here has been some stir 
about religion ; but the people say new divinity has put out the 
fire— Methodists, Baptists, Separatists, &c. &c. 1 felt somewhat 
#armed while I opened and applied '* Strait is the gate, and nar- 
row is the way that leadeth unto life." Some were tender, and 
some appeared a Tittle alarmed. I then came to Middlefields, and 
lodged at the house of a niece of David Brainard. Here we enjoy 
the quiet use of a meeting-house. 

Lord^s day 12. Very unwell, but bad to preach three times. 
I began at ten o'clock, on ** Blessed is he whosoever shall not 
be offended in me." I had the attention of the people much moire 
than 1 expected. In the afternoon I enlarged, under very great 
Weakness, on " How shall I give thee up, Ephraim ?" 

Came in haste to Middletown, where the committee favoured 
me with the meeting-house belonging to the standing order. I felt 
ejreeedingly low in body, while I spoke to a very large, serious, 
and attentive congregation, and I had liberty in preaching on 
1 John iii. 23. After meeting we rode a mile out of town to get 
lodging. It was to the poorer classes of people that this preaching 
on love and charity was anciently blest. 

Monday 13. Rode by Haddam, where David Brainard was born. 
We came through dreadful rocky ways to Capt. Lee's : a Congre- 
gational minister had just finished his sermon as we came in. As 
we did not wish to force ourselves on any one, we went forward 
to Lime, and found a^ free, open-hearted Baptist minister, who rose 
from his bed, and received us kindly. By this time we were 
. weary and sleepy. I trust the Lord had a dwelling in this man's 
heart and house — his wife is a kind, loving soul ; their children 
obliging, and ready to serVe us cfaeerfuHy. 

Tuesday 14. We came over rocks, and through heat and dast, 
to New-London. My mind has felt but little temptation to impa- 
tience until yesterday and this day ; but, through grace, I do not 
yield thereto. It is both unreasonable and unchristian to murmur 
-—it betters nothing : to deny ourselves, and to take up our cross 
daily, is aur duty— let us not flee from it. 

New-London standi upon the River Thames — almost newly 
built since the wan This town suffered in the general burning 
carried on by Arnold in this quarter. Th^ new meeting-house 

Vol. II. 14 



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l66 AtSir. FftAHClB ASBUav's JOtRNAL. [1791* 

Stands 00 an eminence ; the Episcopal church is a {feasant, well 
formed building;. The Netv-Light Baptists were very kind, and 
some of them appeared l^e Methodists. My church was tke 
coart-honse — mj subject 2 Peter iit. 16. : I was not happy in 

speaking. Brother L gave them a sermon at half past eight 

o'clock. I understood there was a work of religion in this place 
last year ; little of it now remains. I came on to Stonington, pro- 
perly so called, a distance of ten miles, over a most dreadful road 
for a carriage : I would almost as soon undertake to drive oyer the 
Alleghany mountain. From Stonington I came on to Westerly, 
crossing the tine-bridge between Connecticut and Rhode-Island. 
I dropped a few words to the woman of the house where we dined, 
and saw very clearly that she felt them. I had some life in speak- 
ing to about one hundred people, at Mr. — — 's, in Charlestown, 
on Rev. iii. 20. One said, I had fitted the people well : another 
said, that I had the signs of the times. 

Rhode-Island.— ^Thursday 15. Came to Newport — the roadft 
were comparatively good — the ferry three miles wide ; which, 
however, we safely crossed fn a spacious open boat, excellent in its 
kind. In Newport are two Presbyterian meeting-houses,— ona, 
New-Divinity, so called : three others, regular Baptists, New- 
Lights, and Sabbatarians ; one Friends' meeting, and one Episco- 
pal church. We stayed two nights at our kind friend's, brother 
Green, a New-Light Baptist. 1 lectured the second night from 
Isaiiah Ixiv. 1-— 7. ; there was some life amongst the people, althou^ 
it was late, and the congregation like our Lord's disciples before 
his passion. There is also 'a Jews' synagogue, and a Moravian 
chapel. I expect before many years the Methodiists will also have 
a house for worship here. I feel the state of this people — they 
are settled upon their lees, and want emptying from vessel to 
vessel. My soul enjoys peace. 

Saturday 18. We go hence to Providence, attended by our kind 
friend for guide. Blessed be the Lord for a refreshing rain the 
last night. On this journey I feel much humbled ; I am unknown, 
and have small congregations, to which I may add, a. jar in 
sentiment — but I do not dispute. My soul is brought into close 
conimunion. I should not have felt for these people and for 
the preachers as 1 now do, had I not visited them : perhaps I may 
do something for them in a future day. We came to Bristol, and 
should have gone farther, but Captain 6 — - saw us, and took us 
to his house. At the request of a few persons I preached in the 
court-bouse to about a hundredpeople^ and enforced << The Son 



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1791.] RCV. FRAVCis ▲sbury's jovkkal. 107 

of man is come to seek and to sare that which was lost," and found 
a degree of liberty. Some time ago there was the begioning of a 
work here, but the few souls who began are now discouraged from 
meeting together : I fear religion is extinguished by confining it too 
much to church and Sunday senrice, and reading of sermons. I 
feel tl^it I am not among my own people : although I believe there 
are some v^o fear God ; and I find reason to hope that souls have 
gone to glory from this town. 

Sunday 19. Came to Providence. 1 attended the ministry of 
Mr. M , a Baptist, in the forenoon ; and Mr. S a New- 

Light, in the afternoon. In the evening I preached with some life 
on Isai. Ixi. 1 — 3t. There are Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Inde- 
pendents or CongregatiOnalists, here : but the Baptists^ appear to 
be the leading people. I found a few gracious souls, and some 
eeeking. It has been a season of deep exercise with me while 
here : I have had some weighty sensations ; I think the Lord will 
tevive^ work in Providence. 

Monday 20. I visited some serious families that truly love and 
fear God. The afternoon I spent very agreeably with the old pro- 
phet Mr. Snow, aged about seventy years : he was awakened by 
the instrumentality of Gilbert Tennant, whose memory I revere. 
He told me much about Mr. Whitefield, and old times, and of the 
ministers of old times — of himself, his awakening, and conversioi^ 
to Qcd — of his riding thirty miles to Newport, in exceeding cold 
weather, to bring Mr. Tennant to Providence. 

Having obtained more knowledge of the people, mysuliject waS: 
Gal. Ti. 14. — ^plain and pointed: my audience was serious and 
attentive. I endeavoured to show, 

1. What it is for a man to glory in a thing. 

2. What men glory in which is not the cross of Christ. 

3. What it is to glory in the cross of Christy 

4. How a person may know when he glories in the cross of 
Christ, vie. by the world's being crucified to hip^ and he unto the 
world. 

The people here appear to be prudent,, aptive, frugal ; cultivating 
a spirit of good family economy ; and. they are kind to strangers. 
They have had frequent revivals of religion : I had faith to believe 
the Lord would shortly visit them again, and that even we shall 
have something to do in this town. We rested a day at Easton, 
and appointed meeting at five o'clock. I had good freedom on Acts 
xvii. 27. and the people felt the word. We have had a sojemn, 
happy, and solitary retreat, and my.soul entered into renewed lifcx 



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108 REV. FRANCIS ASBDRV'fl JOURNAL. (17dK 

Masisachu8etts» — Thandaj 23. We rode through dast and heff. 
to Boston. I felt much pressed io spirit, 9S if the door wag np^ 
opeo. As it was court time, we were put to some difficulty in get- 
ting entertainment. It was appointed for me to preach at Murray's, 
church — not at all pleasing to me ; and that which made it 'worse 
was, that I had only about twenty or thirty people to preach to i^ 
a large house ; it appeared to me that those who professed frieiv^l" 
ship for us, were ashamed to publish us. On Friday eyening I 
preached again : my congregation was somewhat larger, owing, per* 
haps, to the loudness of my voice — the sinners were noisy in the 
streets. My subject was Rev. iii. 17, 18. I was disturbed, and 
DOt at liberty, although I sought it. I have done with Boston until 
we can obtain a lodging, a house to preach in, and sojme to join 
us. Some things here are to be admired in the place and among, 
the people — their bridges are great works, and none are ashamed 
of labour ; of their hospitality I cannqt boast : in Charleston, 
wicked Charleston, six years ago a stranger, I was kin<]ly« invited^, 
to eat and drink by many — here, by none. There are, I think, 
nine meeting-housea of the -Establishment ; Friends' meeting- 
house, one ; Sandeminians, one ; Upiversalists, one ; Roman Cathor, 
lies, one ; Baptists, two ; Episcopalians, two ; the Methodists 
have no house — but their time may come. 

I preached at Slade's tavern on my way to Lynn on '^ If our 
Gospel be hid, it is hid to{them that are lost." I was agreeably sur- 
prised to find a house raised for the Methodists. As a town, I think 
Lynn the perfection of beauty ; it is seated on a plain^ under a 
range of craggy hills, and open to the sea : there is a promising, 
society — an exceedingly well-behaved congregation— these thicks, 
doubtless, made all pleasing to me. My first subject was Rom. viii. 
33. — in the afternoon Acts iv. 12. : here we shall make a firm 
stand, and from this central point, from Lynn, shall the light of 
Methodism and of truth radiate through the state. Our brother 
Johnson is sio^ple-hearted, and hearty in the cause : we owe our. 
entertainment and house for worship chiefly to him. 

Tuesday 28^ Rode to Marblehead. When I entered this town, 
my heart was more melted towards its inhabitants, than to any in 
those parts, with the exception of Lyun. After consultation, and 
some altercation among themselves, the committee invited me to 
preach in Mr. Story's meeting-house, which I did accordingly at 
four o'clock, on Acts xxvi. 17, 18. I was led to speak alarmingly, 
whilst I pointed out the Gospel as descriptive of their misery and 



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]79|.] KEV, FRANCIS ASBVAy'S JOURNAL. 109 

m^A of mercy : brpther Lee preached in tlie eveoiog to a great 
Qumber of people Id apd about Mr, Martia's boiifie. Next morn- 
log, weak as I was, I could not forbear speakiiig to tbem on '' Seek 
je first tke kingdom of God." 

Wednesday 29. Rode to Salem. Here are five me^ting^hoasea,! 
two of them on the New-Divinity plan— i. e. regeneration the first 
work — no prayer, repentance, or faith, until this as accomplished : 
the other three belong to the £stabli9hmeiit^--4>ne Episcopalian ; 
and one Friends' meeting-house. I found no access to any. I lec- 
tured in the court-house on Rom* v. &r-9. I looked upon the 
greater part of my cpngregation as judges ; and I talked until they,- 
becoming weary, began to leave me. I have dpne with Salem un- 
til we can get a better stand. I had the curiosity to vi«t the cal- 
vary of the witches — i. e. tjiofie who were destiroyed oa tbs diarge 
of witchcraft : I saw the graves of many innocent, good people, 
who were put to death, sufferiag persecution from those i^ho had 
stiffered persecution— such, and so strangely contradictory, is map* 
I have felt weakness of body, and deep exercise of mind» and, at 
times, good liberty in speaking — I am now convinced that the 
M4ethodists, as a body, have the most religion, md am more and 
more confirmed in my choice. 

We rode to Manchester. Mr. Foster received us with great 
kindness. The Selectmen granted us the privilege of the meeting- 
house : I lectured on Malacbi iii. 13. at five o'clock. Here are 
some feeling and understanding souls. This place has been visited 
for many years, and a society kept up, although the ministers did 
not favour the stir ; of this work, father Lee's ministry, an aged man 
of that country and town, has been the principal means ; for a long 
time he has faithfully stood his grodnd, praying with,, and eshorting 
the people. We were invited to lodge at a place where provision 
is made for the entertaintment of ministers, and in the morning 
money was offered. I declined accepting their invitation, and re- 
fuse^d their money. 

Friday, July 1. Came to L 's to dinner : after praying with 

them, and speaking to each in the family, I left them to God. 

Thence I proceeded to T *s, and preached at Brown's folly, to 

many people — my subject, Luke ii, 10. 

Saturday 2. I returned home to brother J 's in Lynn. 

Sunday 3. My first subject was ** The great salvation" — In the 
afternoon I spoke on Titus ii. 11, 12. and had liberty : in the eve- 
ning my subject was Matt. xi. 28 — SO. the congregation was atteai- 
tive, aiid my mind enjoyed sweet peace; although, outwardly, we 



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110 RET. FRARCIS ASBVRT's JOURVAL. [1791. 

were nncomfortable, the meeting-hoase being open, and the wea- 
ther very cool for the season. I feel as if God .would work id 
these states, and giye os a great harrest. My interyals of leisure 
hare been spent in close application to my Bible, and reading Bax- 
ter's Call to the UoconTerted. 

Monday 4. I took the benefit of the sea-air, and began visiting. 

Tuesday 5. My soul is to great peace and love. Here it is a day 
of small things : the people have been neglected, but now the 
Lord has opened their eyes. O what skill, and patience, and wis- 
dom are needful to deal with souls ! I was happy in meeting the 
women, in class ; I found but few believers, but 1 do believe that 
God will bring them all into full liberty. 

Wednesday 6. Found my mind stayed upon God. In the event- 
ing I had a large, attentive congregation. 

Thursday 7. I was engaged closely in reading. I visited and con- 
versed freely with two families. I am informed that Lynn and 
LynnfieM afford upwards of 2200 souls (1791.) This day brother 
Jesse Lee put a paper into my hand proposing the election of not 
less than two, nor more than four preachers from each conference, 
to form a general conference in Baltimore in December, 1792^ te 
be continued annually. 

Saturday 9. I preached a sacramental sermon on « Let a man 
examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread and drink of that 
cup." 

Sunday 10. Preached on the great supper, Luke xiv. a very 
solemn, baptising, and sacramental season. The people chose 16 
receive the elements sitting, as is the practi<9B amongst Presbyte- 
rians. In the afternoon I enforced " What shall the end be of them 
that obey not the Gospel of God :'' at night I spoke on ** These 
shall go away into everlasting punishment:" the Lord was among 
the people, and I hope and trust some real good was done. 

Monday 11. I labour under deep exercises of soul. The sea- 
bath I found to strengthen me. In the evening I met the men's 
class in Lynn, and was led to hope that a glorious work of God 
will be wrought here ; several people are under awakenings at 
this time ; my staying so long among them may be of the Lord. 

Tuesday 12. We had a blessed rain after nearly a month's, 
drought. 

Wednesday 13. We came through Waltham, Sudbury, and MaU 
borough ; at this last place there is a grand meeting house, and one 
not less elegant in its kind for the minister : thence we proceeded 
on through Northbury and Shrewsbury, to Worcester, through 



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lT91i] REV. FRAircis asbuky's journal. Ul 

raiD) and with paia and wearineas. Mr. Cbandier received us 
with kindness more than cornmon, and courtesy anxious to please, 
calling his family together with softness of address, and in all things 
else being agreeable ; perhaps more so tlian any man I have met 
with in America ; this reception shall comfort us a little in our 
toil. From Worcester, we journeyed on, passing through Leices- 
ter, Spenser, Brookfields, and another town. We dined at a place 
where *< the people are united, and do not wish to divide the 
parish"—- their fathers, the Puritans, divided the kingdom and the 
church too, and when they could not obtain liberty of conscience 
in England, they sought it here among wild men and beasts. At 
Greaves's tavern I saw a man from Vermont, who said the number 
of their inhabitants was ninety thousand ; he invited me to send 
preachers among them. 

Friday 15. My mind has been dejected ; Satan has assaulted me-^ 
I could not be fixed in prayer as I desired. We have made it 
one hundred and eight miles from Lynn to Springfield. I want to 
be with the Methodists again — O how unworthy of such fellow^ip ! 
jret am I seated among the princes of thy people ! At 6 o'clock I de- 
livered a discourse in Mr. C 's house on " It is time to seek the 

Lord till become and rain righteousness upon you:'' the people were 
a little moved ^ and .one fiifitec.ander4lefip conviction. This platfe is 
a haunt of soldiery : the armory being kept here : there appears to 
be little religion among the inhabitants. 

s CoNiTECTicuT. — Suuday 17. Passed through Suffield to Turkey- 
Hills, where 1 had a large and very criticising congregation,to whom 
I preached my first discourse on John vii. 17.: my second subject 
was Hebr. vi. 1.: there were some feeling hearts present ; the 
Lord will work here. On Monday I had a crowd at Proquonaq, in a 
school-house, to whom I preached on 2 Cor. iv. 1,2.: some were 
frightened, some melted, and some were offended. We came to 

Windsor ; Mr. S received u» kindly, but did not fail to let us 

know how lightly he thought of w and of out principles — here my 
feelings were very gloomy, and I secretly wished myself out of the 
way. I went to the school-house and found it crowded with people : 
the Lord lifted me up whilst I opened and applied Gal. iii. 22. I 
think I was given to see and feel the true state of these people ; 
some of them were melted and praised God for the Gospel. 

Tuesday 19l I came to the city of Hartford. At Mr. S 's 

meeting-house I was attended by three ministers : I was clear not 
to keep back any part of the truth whilst 1 enforced Ldke vii. 23. 
the people were mostly serious and attentive. 



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112 KBV. FRANCIS ASBURT*8 JOURNAL. [179!. 

I had SID intetfiew with Dorcas Brown, who was conterted forty 
yean ago, and in the history of whose experience there were 
aome remarkable manffestatiooa of the power of God, and of the 
interposition of his providence in answer to prayer in times of per- 
secution and violence. Her son's case was alsa remarkable : he 
had been captured by the Indians, and was returned killed; in con- 
tradiction to this account, and the general belief, she pronounced 
that she should again see him in the flesh : contrary to the expec- 
tation of all but herself, he did return after an absence of three 
years and eight months. 

Wednesday 20. At East-Hartford I felt more than usually assisted 
on Luke xix. 10. I had an attentive, feeling congregation. On 
Thursday we had a gracious shower at the quarterly v meeting at 
West-Farmington, where 1 delivered a pointed discourse on Acts 
xvi. 31, 32. which was blessed to some souls. 

Friday 22. The Episcopal church was open at Litchfield, where 
I preached, with very little faith, on the love of Christ. I think 
Morse's account of his countrymen is near the truth : never 
have I seen any people who would talk so long, so correctly,and «o 
seriously about trifles. 

Saturday 23. By a rocky, mountainous way, we came to CornwaU 
in the midstof the harvest homa : we had about one hundred and , 
fifty hearers : I had openings of mind whilst I spoke on 1 Pet. iii. 15« 

Sunday 24. Came to Canaan, after preaching at a new meetiug- 
hoose: here nought would satisfy but my going to the ancient 
Presbyterian church ; 1 reluctantly complied, and made a fephlh 
attempt on Luke xi. 13. 1 oflended, and was ofiended : the pep- 
jde seemed uneasy, and wished to be gone. This is thefirst, and I 
expect will be the last time I shall speak in that house, if not in 
that place. Twenty-five years ago, the people in this place had 
religion ; at present, it is to be feared, there is little or none : how 
it is I know not ; but at such places I feel dreadfully,— ^as if such 
people were the worst of all under the sun, and at the greatest dis- 
tance from God. 

Wednesday 27. Although under considerable afiSiction of body 
and mind, I rode over rough ways, to New-Britain ; where, in 
general, the people appeared unfeeling ; nevertheless, I found a 
few among them who felt the need of Christ : 1 was led to exhort 
them, and to pray with them— I am persuaded some are not far 
from the kingdom of God. 

New- York. — Thursday 28. 1 felt some freedom at T 's, 

while speaking on 2 Tim. iii. 16. : the length of the ride, and the 



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1791.] RET. FRANCIS ASEVRY'S JOURNAL. 113 

langaor of my bodily powers, had not enfeebled my mind : vre 
foaod some gracious souls in the society. 

Friday 29. Came to Albany. My mind felt impressed with the 
valae of the souls in this place. By the curves I have made in my 
course from Hartford to this pkce, I suppose I have not travelled 
less than one hundred and fifty miles : perpetual motion is no small 
trikl to my body and mind ; but I must cast my care upon the Lord||| 
I am led to think the eastern church will find this saying hold true 
in the Methodists, viz. '* I will provoke you to jealousy by a peo- 
ple that were no people ; and by a foolish nation will I anger you :** 
they have trodden >upon the Quakers, the Episcopalians, the Bap- 
tists — see now if the Methodists do not work their way : the 
people will not pay large money for religion if they can get it 
cheaper. 

I preached to about three hundred people in a bam at Coeyman's 
Patent, the new stone church not being ready. Our society is pro- 
Qisittg in this place. 

Tuesday, August 2. Came to Hudson. I felt disagreeable sen- 
sations, a chill, hoarseness, headach, and fever. < 

Wednesday 3. The day was unusually warm, and I was sick and 
felt like Jonah ; 1 was ready to faint in my carriage ; at last, through 

nercyt 1 arrived safe at kind sister L 's : 1 went to bed, took 

tome chicken broth, and after a comfortable sleep felt revived. 
No more rest— I took the road again, and arrived at Rhinebeck by 
noon. My soul is in peace — 1 want more prayer, patience, life, 
and love — 1 walk daily, hourly, and sometimes minutely with God. 
Saturday 6. I had a few serious people at the Mountain meeting- 
house. 1 lodged at C *s, who was ^rmerly a Shaking Quaker.. 

Sunday 7. We received the sacrament ; and then went to a 
small grove, where we had a green carpet of nature's spreading 
underneath, and an umbrella of variegated leaves above us. I 
preached on Zech. xii. 10. to about a thousand or twelve hundred 
people, as it was judged : 1 felt solemn and recollected, and was 
assisted in speaking : I had some feith to believe it would be the 
beginning of days, and of a revival of religion. 

Connecticut.— .Preached at Salisbury on Acts v. 31, 32. My 
nund is in peace. 

I came to Sharon time enough to preach at three o'clock : the 
women crowded the house, whilst the men stood at the door, with 
psttient attention, in the rain, which indeed many seemed scarcely 
to perceive ; I spoke with life and freedom on Ephes. ii. 8 — 10. 
Here are some praying souls. I read, much to my comfort, Corbit'» 
Vol, it. 15 



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114 KEV, F4VANCIS AaUUAY'S JOUKKAL. .£179)* 

meiDoirs of the BecreU of bis heart, hrooght to pulbUp tiew af^ 
bis death. 

New- York.— February 12. I preached at B 's, on Loke 

xix. 10. to a number of simple-hearted people. Rode to brother 
j^ — 's to attend quarterly meeting i I felt weak and unwell^ yet 
happy in God. My soul enters into deeper union with God, and 
0nto a sweet resignation and conQdence ip him fojr his work fuid 
church. I judge that my journey to Lynn, and ipiy x%^ thrciugb 
the country thereabouts, haye made a distance of little jess thsin 
five hundred miles i and thence to Albany ; nearly the ^qie, aad 
from Albany to New- York not much less ; with, occasionally i^ v^i'jf 
rough roa/^s for a carriage : well, it is all for God, iind Christ, and 
souls : J neither covet nor receive any man's silver or gold— food, 
raiment, and a Kttle rest, is all 1 want. 

Saturday and Sunday, 13, 14. We began our meeting in a barn 
at Jackson's : I had freedom whilst enlarging on Joshua sxiv. 15. : 
there w^s a large collection of people from far to our sacrament 
and lave-feast ; among these there was life, but the people about 
this place are dead — dead ! there is a curse somewhere. I dopbt 
« if one soul has been converted to God since I was here two 
years ago. 

Monday 15. 1 feel great power to trust God with his church and 
work : and am resolved on more frequent access to the throne of 
grace, not continuing so long as heretofore : I feel greater sweetness 
in so doing, and it tends more to an hourly and moa)ently walk with 
God. 

Tuesday 16. This is a day of rest from public labour. I have 
uncommon trials, and great liberty of spirit : my addresses to a 
throne of grace are frequent to-day. 

Wednesday 17. Felt a good degree of liberty at B 's on CoL 

i. 28. *' Christ formed in you the hope of glory" — perfect in Christ 
Jesus-^ours is not the perfection of God, of Christ, of angels ; such 
perfection must be ours as excludes evil tempers from the hearty 
and yet supposes us liable to ignorance and error, while in tene- 
ments of clay. As I came along to P- *s I was ready to complain 
of the roughness of the roads, but I was suddenly stopped, when I be- 
held a noor Irish woman with a heavy child on her shoulders, and 
without covering for head or feet ; she said she was from Canada, 
and thus far had begged her way : — pity for her at once stilled all 
murmur of complaint for myself. 

On Thursday we bad a gracious season at Stoney-Street, amongst 
sinners, seekers, and believers, while I applied Gal. vi. 10. 



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1 791 ,} ^ REV. FRANCIS ASBtJRY'S JOtTRirAL. 1 ! 5 

Satorday 20, Qdarterly meeting at North-Castle : it began well ; 
I was happy in mind, although unwell, whilst I spoke to. the many 
who attended on 1 Sam. vii. 3. 

Sunday 21. Our congregation became unweildy and restless ; my 
subject, Luke xxiii. 3. Was neiv, to me, at least : although my mtnd 
enjoyed some degree of peace, my frame was agitated, and my spt-' 
rits hurried. J received the olive-branch from Virginia — All is 
peace— it was obtained by a kincf letter from me to O'Kelly. 

Saturday 27. Quarterly meeting in Newtowb : I felt freedom 
of mind whilst treating on Deot. v. 26. 

Sunday 28. We had a good sacramental time, and a melting love- 
fettst. There are four houses of worship in this place, but I fear 
the church of Christ is very small. I have lately been led into 
great depths of God, and sight of my danger and constant need of 
prayer. 

Monday 29. Came to New York : the weathei* is warm, and here 
ii an aivful season of affliction. 

I preached at the new church on Hebr. v. 12. we had an accept- 
able time, and some gracious movings. 

Wednesday 31. We had a serious,' heart affecting time; many 
were ready to break out into praises to God. I respect the kind- 
bess of the dear people here, and leave New York in faith th^at the 
Lord will return to visit them. 

Thursday, September 1. I visited my old friends on Staten- 
Island : many whom i have preached to and prayed fbr, still keep 
at a dis'tance. 

Friday 2. I preached in our new chapel to a large congregation 
on '* Te that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still ; 
remember the Lord afar off, and let Jerusalem <}ome into your 
mind.** Jer. li. 60. : it was a gracious season : afler preaching the 
society met, and several declared the Lord's dealings with their 
souls. 

New-Jersgt. — Monday 5. I rode through much rain to Mon- 
mouth, New -Jersey, where 1 preached to a considerable congre- 
gation on ** The just shall live by faith ; but if any man draw back, 
my soul shall have no pleasure in him." There is some stir among 
the people : at Long-Branch, within eighteen months, as I am in- 
formed, nearly fifty souls have professed conversion. 

Tuesday 6. I found the Lord had not left himself without wit- 
nesses at Kettle-Creek. 

Wednesday 7. At P 's church I learn some were offended : 

blessed be God ! my soul was kept in great peace. 



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Htf AEV. FRANCIS ASBVRt'f# JOURNAL. E^'^^^* 

Friday 9. At Little-Egg Harbour I endeavoured to speak very 
pointedly on Acts xiii. 46. — my spirit was mach moved, and, I'tbiok, 
as a preacher and visiter, I am thus far free from the blood of 
saints and sinners. 

Saturday 10. Rode a dreary, moscheto path, in great weakiiQ88» 
to Batstow works. 

Sunday 11. Preached on Luke xiz. 10. I advised the people 
to build a house for the benefit of those men so busily employed 
day and night, Sabbaths not excepted, in th^ manufacture of irooT-* 
rude, and rough, and strangely ignorant of God. 

Thursday 15. Having exerted myself more than my strength 
would well bear last evening, I feel faint, yet pursuing, I gave )in 
exhortation to a house full of peojple. The evening was jpept 
with S. H ; — gracious souls, mother and children. 

Friday 16. Preached at C 's : here are some under awakeo- 

logs ; and the prospect is pleasing. Many attended the word oa 
the Lord's day : several of our sisters and of bur brethren on 
this day (and on Monday at Bethel) afler sacrament, testified to 
the goodness of God. 

Pennsylvania. — Tuesday 20. Rode to Philadelphia. Hefe, §8 
usual, I was closely employed in writing ; I had several meetings, 
and some awful seasons that will be remembered in eternity— *Tiu8 
city abounds with inhabitants — it is the London of America. 
' Wednesday 28: We rode to Strasburg, thirty miles, where I 
preached at night in a respectable tavern on Acts iit. 19. 1 was 
yery plain, and had Qome energy in preaching, although unwell ia 
body. I have faith to believe we shall have a house of worship^ 
and that the Lord will have a people in this place. 

Thence to M. B — — 's : hitherto the Lord hath been our 
helper in spite of sin and Satan. We had a good time whilst I 
spoke on Zech. xii. 10. af\er sacrament several bore their testi- 
mony for the Lord. My soul is much, humbled, and brought into 
close communion with God ; yea, 1 rejoiced greatly to find so much 

religion among the people. We went hence to brother M rSy 

where, for two days, we had a gracious season : I preached on 
Acts ii. 37, 38. I had openings, and was made to feel after the 
souls of the people. How will Satan take advantage to raise pre- 
judice in the minds of many ! — At first the cry was, *• They are 
enemies to the country!" that tale worn out, it is said, ^* They 
will pull down the churches — they hold erroneous doctrines 1*' 
aye ; we will labour to raise a true spiritual church ; and if, in 
doing this, we injure wolves in sheep's clothing, let unfaithful 
ministers look to it : we shaU deliver our own souls. 



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nSf.] IVEV. FIUNCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. 117 

Delaware. — Came to Wilmington. Alas ! for poor Wilmiogton 
— ^when will this people open their eyes ! We rode in haste thirty 

miles to D 's, bat the people had met three hours before oar 

arrival, and brother E- — bad preached to them. I preached 
at the Cross-Roads, bat the minds of the people were so occupied 
by the approaching election, that I lear there was Kittle room for 
things of more importance. — Finding there were oo more appoint- 
ments pablished for me, I rode, tbrongh the dast, thirty -two miles 
'to judge White's. O Lord, help me to watch and pray ! I am 
afraid of losing the sweetness 1 feel: for months past I baye 
felt as if in the possession of perfect love — not a moment's de- 
eire of any thing but God. I have an awful view of the reformed 
tharches, and am determined to speak to the very hearts of the 
people. After attending a quarterly meeting at B-— — **8 chapel, 

I came to W 's ; we had a large congregation : aAer pablic 

service, we had a meeting for the local preachers, leaders, and 
Stewards. Next morning we had love-feast for the coloured bre- 
threti at sunrise ; and at nine o'clock for the whites. We find 
new members are added every year ; many living experiences,, 
and miracles of grace in this society. . . ^ 

Friday, October 14. Came to brother L -/s. Hail, happy 

souls ! — three out of four in this ftmily love God. 

Saturday 15. Came to Downing's chapel; had a blessed love- 
feast ; most of those who spoke professed sanctification. My sonl 
iVas filled with God. I did what 1 coald to put those in band who 
had witnessed perfect love in love-feast. There is a great work 
of God in the lower counties of Virginia ; hot the Antinomian 
doctrines, so liberally set forth by some, greatly hinder. We 
kave rqjiigh weather. 

Thursday 20. The storm continued ; it was thoaght no one 
coald go oat ; we, nevertheless, ventured through heavy rains and 
came to P *s ; at night we reached D *s, making a jour- 
ney of nearly forty miles ; we were wet and uncomfortable ; but 
the Lord preserves our goings out, and our comings in. 

Marvlaitd. — Friday 21. Preached at brother L 's on Hebr. 

titi. 10, II, 12. 1 think the Lord will work in this neighbourhood, 
and take away the covering and the veil that are spread upon the 
oinds of the people. Temptations have oppressed my soul, and 
disease afflicted my body ; it is the Lord's power alone that can 
help me ; I fear I am not so constant in prayer as I should be. I 
made an effort to establish a female 'school, under sister G^-, and 
sister B-—— ; and endeavoured to impress the necessity and expc- 



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118 REV. PRANCZS ASBUJtv's JOURNAL. [1791. 

dtencj ^f banchmeeti&g, on men aod Women, both married and 
single. 

Tvesday 2d. At M-^— ^'a, there was a living stir among soine who 
came to the quarterly meeting from a distance. Mj soul is bowed 
down for this neighbourhood. 

Wednesday, NoTember 8. W^ crossed Choptank- River and 
cs^e to Talbot quarterly meeting. My subject on the first day 
was '* Oh 1 let the wickedness of the Wicked come to an end»'' 
We had a close love- feast, and some living kouls. 

Sunday 6, and Monday 7. Attended quarterly meeting at Greens- 
burg, commonly called Choptank- Bridge : we had a strict and 
living love-feast, and powerful testimonies. 

Wednesday 15. Came to Havre de Grace, and thence hurried 
to Cokesbury, where 1 found all in peace. 

Thursday 16. Came to tbe old meeting house at Bush, and 
preached on ** Enoch walked with God:" the meeting-house at 
Bush is the second house built for the Methodists in the state : 
it is a poor building, remaining unfinished to this day, and likely 
so to continue. 

Friday 17. We had a powerful, melting time, at Deer-Creek s 
my subject was Jeremiah xiv. 8, 9, 10. 

Sunday 26. I preached at Baltimore a searching discourse on 
Zeph. i. 12. In the afternoon I preached at the Point, to some 
unfeeling souls ; and in the evening performed the funeral ^o* 
lemnity of my dear old friend sister Tribulet, on Acts xvi. 13, 14, 
15. : I was uncommonly drawn out this day, and truly laboured in 
body and spirit. 

JHonday, December 7. I went from house to house through the 
snow and cold, begging money for the support of the poor jrphans 
at Cokesbury. 

Rode to Annapolis and preached at nights - 

ViRGiNiA.-^Wednesday, December 9. A day to be remembered. 
We stopped once in forty-three miles : when we reached Oxen- 
hill-Ferry, opposite to Alexandria, 1 was nearly frozen, being 
hardly able to walk or talk; We crossed the Patomacin an open 
btat, on whose icy bottom tbe horses with difficulty kept their 
feet ; and still worse it would have been, had I not thoughtfully 
called for some straw to strew beneath them ; we had five of them 
on board, and the waves were high. 

Friday il. Rode forty miles to Mrs. W ■ 's : I suffered not a 
little with cold : I thank God my life is spared. 

Sunday 13. I could not find the way to the hearts of an unfeeling 



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1791.] REVf FRANCIS ASBU&Y^fi JdVJUTAL. 119 

people at the widow Bombry's ; thence we went in haste to Port 
Royal ; the iohabitaiits, seeing us, ran together, to whom I spokt 
en Acts ii. 27. : the people were respectful and attentive. 
. Monday 14. Rode through a storm of snow to brother A— 's. 
My mind enjoys peace ; and although by constant tFavelling I an 
kept from the privilege of being so frequently in private prayer, 
yet I am preserved from anger and murmuring — ^my soul is wholly 
given up to God. 

I am now about entering upon the business of the conferences 
for the present year — all is peace. Notwithstanding I have been so 
highly favoured, my sufferings may be lessened by an earlier move 
to the south ; 1 will therefore remember to be on the sooth side 
of the Patomac by the middle of November, if circumstances allow. 

Wednesday 13. Came to brother Dickenson's, Caroline Gounty, 
and waited for the preachers composing the conference in the cen* 
tral district of Virginia. 

In the evening the brethren came together ; we opened con- 
ference, and went through a great part of our minute work ; all 
was peace and love. We had searchiqg work in speaking expe- 
riences, and in examining the young men who offered as candidftfes 
for the ministry. 

Friday 16. Afler fasting and prayer our conference rose. My 
subject at the new chapel was iCbron. xxix. 15 — 17. Saturday I 
rode to Hanover-Town. 

Sunday 18. I preached at Hanover on 1 Cor. ii. 17. I rode in 

the, evening to brother C 's. My mind was in peace. I 

journeyed on through Richmond, Manchester, and Petersburg, 
accompanied by brothers E and K ; on Friday 23d, arriv- 
ing at Lane's chapel, where our conference began and ended in great 
peace. 

Sunday 25. 1 preached on John iv. 14. and had a comfortable 
season ; many spoke of the dealings of God with their souls : the 
examination among the preachers relative to character and experi- 
ence, was very close : all was meekness and love. 

Tuesday 27. We had a long, cold ride to our kind brother 
Blunt's. 

Wednesday 28. I preached on 1 Peter iv. 1 — 4. 

Thursday 29. I rode twenty-five miles, through very cold wea- 
ther, without taking any refreshment, to sister P 's ; on our 

way we had a meeting at brother C *s, where many attended, 

to whom 1 spoke with freedom on 2 Tim. ii. 19 — 21. : here some 
wicked young men behaved quite out of character. 



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120 RGV., FRANCIS ASIURT^S JOU&HAL. li*^2SL 

Sunday » January 1, 1792. On this beginning of the new yeiir, I 
preached, and had liberty on laai. \xv. 1, 2. in the evenipig I once 
more cried to the people of Norforlk, ** Repent, and be conver*^ 
ted :" my audience was attentive and tender. My body was greatly 
fatigued, my soul much comforted in the Lord. Religion revtres 
here^ the seed which has been sowing for twenty years begins to 
spring up: Norfolk flourishes; Portsmouth declines, and is al- 
ready low. 

Thursday 6. Rode to W. B *8, there were but few peo- 
ple. On our way thither brother M would stop to feed z 

I believe the Lord sent me to speak a word to a broken hearted, 
forsaken, distressed woman. My soul enjoys peace ; but eicessive 
labour, and bodily suffering from the cold, prevents that deep com^ 
munion with God I wish for : 1 do little eicept reading a few chap- 
ters in my Hebrew Bible. 

NoRTp Carolina. — Sunday 8. I preached at the widow Hardy's 
to a large congregation : I felt freedom in speaking, and the soub oC^ 
the people appeared tender. The prospect of our journey ahead 
seemed gloomy ; however, we came down in the snow, and got on 
board a leaky Jlat^ which we were obliged to bail as we went ; the 
ferry was five miles wide, our horses restless, the river (Roanoak]^ 
rough, and the weather very cold ; but the Lord brought us safe 
to shore, twelve miles from our destined place : we were stran- 
gers to the road, and had not an hour's sun ; nevertheless, kind 
Providence brought us through the dark and cold to brother 
Ward's about eight o'clock: here 1 sold my carriage and took 
horse again. 

Thursday 19. I rode with no small difficulty to Green Hills, 
about two hundred miles, the roads being covered with snow and 
ice. Our conference began and ended in great peace and harmo- 
ny : we had thirty-one preachers stationed at the different houses 
in the neighbourhood. I find we have had a good work in the 
eastern district of North Carolina in the past year. For some time 
back I have travelled with much difficulty, having few hearers, ' 
much weakness of body, and uncomfortable weather. 

Monday 23. Our conference rose. I rode twenty miles through 
severe cold to brother B 's. 

Tuesday 24. Brother Morrell, my fellow traveller, was unwell : 
we had our horses roughed^ which detained us an hour or two afler 

the appointed time. I reached brother T ^'s, and said a little 

from Philip, ii. 14 — 16. ; but the people could not hear, their souls 
and their bodies were cold. Finding it was twenty-two miles to 



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iWd'^} EBV; FKANCIS ASUVRT'S JOVtlNAL. 121 

ttiy nett appoititmeni, I set off without refreshment, intending to 
reach brother D^-^-^^s, near Hillsborough ; on the way, however, 

hearing of brother S , a local preacher, we called on him, and 

he gaVe us freely of such things as be had. 

Thursday 26. I was led out with freedom on the two last verses 
0^ Hebr. kii. at M 's. I find outward difficulties in my pro- 
gress ; the roads are covered with ice and snow, and the severity 
of the weather prevents my having an opportunity, when I wi^h, 
of spending time in private exercises ; but blessed be God ! I am 
resigned, and am kept from sin, and my soul is stayed upon God. 

Friday 27. After riding thirty miles through ice and snow to 
Rainey's, I found many people waiting for me, and I began, with- 
out any refreshment, to speak on *' This is the victory that over- 
coiaeth the world, even our faith." 1. I endeavoured to point 
out the object of this faith ; 2. Its subjects ; 3. Its nature ; and 
4. Its victory. In our route through North Carolina we passed 
through Bertie, Gates, Tyrrel, Tarl>orough, Franklin, Wake, 
Chatham, Orange, Guilford, and Randolph counties. We have 
travelled nearly eight hundred miles since the 7th of December 
last past. Seldom have I been tempted to a murmuring thought ; 
it is now the 29th of January : I want nothing but more mental 
and private prayer. 

Tuesday 31. Yesterday and today we have rod^ about sixty 
mil0s, a great deal of the way through heavjr hail and rain. I 
gave an exhortation at C-— — 's, on seeking the kingdom of God, 
Here we had all things richly to supply our wants ; and what was 
still better, we found the Lord had souls in this family. 

South €AROLiNA.—-February 1. I preached to a considerable 
congregation at M'D-^—- 's on Acts xiii. 38. 

Saturday and Sunday, 4 and 5. I attended a quarterly meeting. 

Monday 6. At JPlower's church. For some time past I have 
enjoyed much of God, though suffering under indisposition of body, 
and frequently in a crowd : I feel nothing but peace in my doul, 
asd find power to trust Jehovah with his own cause. 

Tuesday 7. We reached sister Port's* I find there is a great 
commotion among the people, excited by the conduct of W. Ham- 
mett, who has divided the society in Charleston, and taken to, him- 
self "somO chaff and some wheat. This is not all — they say our 
house will go too. 

Wednesday 8, We set off after six o'clock in the morning ; our 
hories being over-fed we did not push them, so that we did not 
reach Georgetown until near six in the evening. After my trials 

Vol. II. 16 



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122 BBV. FftAHCXS AMimV^ JOtfOMiL. . [I99S. 

and hard ridiikg my coj^dial is io preach at ni^ht. Except <3«ergfr* 
town and Charleston, there are few places where I have not a 
good copgregation when weather permits. I can praise God-*-my 
soqI is happy in Him ; by his grace I am kept from sin, and I still 
hope this dark clond Uiat lowers over us will yet break with 
blessings on onr heads. 

Thursday ft We rested ; and next day came to Wappataw, and 

foimd that brother S. C had moved. We then went to his 

brother's, whose wife was buried that day. We were fatigued 
aiid cold, and rejoiced to find we were not compelled to take up 
our lodgings under a pine tree. 

Saturday 11. Arrived in Charleston. 1 received a full and true 

account of Mr. Hammett's proceedings. Brothers E and 

p have done all things well. Mr. Hammett had three grand 

objections to us. — 1. The American preachers and people hisultsd 
him. S. His name was not printed in our Minutes, 3. The neta 
bene cautioning miniUe was directed against him. He has gone to 
the New-Market, to preach, and has drawn about twenty white 
members after him. We are considered by htm as secedershfrom 
Methodism!^ — Because we do not wear gowns and powder f and 
because we did not pay sufficient respect to Mr. Wesley ! 

Sabbath It. My subject was Isai. liii. 11. Brother H. preached 
in the afternoon. 

Tuesday 14. Our conference began. I preached at nigfaf «n 
Luke zxiv. 17. and endeavoured to show the low estate of tibe 
interest of Christ at that time. In our conference we were no* 
usually close in examination of characters, doctrines, and expe- 
rience : we had great peace and some power amongst us, and 
received the good news of eighty souls being converted in Phila- 
delphia, and of a revival in Connecticut. . 

I preached a sermon to the preachers, on *' Endure hardness as 
a good soldier of Jesus Christ.*' 

Saturday 18. I received an abusive, anonymous letter (I believe 
from Mr. S.) on several subjects. My spirits "were low ; I came frdm 
my knees to receive the letter, and having read it, I retnmed 
whence I came ; I judged it prudent and expedient, and I think i 
was urged thereto by conscience, to tell the people of some things 
relating to myself. I related to them the manner of my coming to 
America ; how I continued during the war ; the arrival of Dr. Coke, 
and the forming of the American Methodists into a church ; and 
finally, why I did not commit the charge of the Society in Chiaffles- 
ton, to Mr. Hammett, who wal unknown, a foreigner^ and did not 



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.1-702*3 ^ XlftV- FBAKCIS A8BI7RY:'S JOUK^AL. 123 

^H:kiiOfvlBdge the antboniy.ofi nor join in coooeiioD witfa» the Ame* 
yiean conference. 

Sunday 19. I preached pn '* Who is on the Lord's side ?" Mr. 
M ■ f sent ia his resignation. For certab reasons we were led 
to pass ever his cbaraclcr, but we were wrong ; it might hare 
been better to subject it to scrutiny^ althongh none grieved at Us 
gQing from us. 

Monday 20. / came out of the fire. — Bode to Packer's ferry. 

Tuesday 21. Came to Mr. LambrighCs, and next day bad a heayy 
ride to Maixer's, and missed my congregation ailer all, and so I did 
at Hudson's, in Georgia ; however, I spoke a few words to a few 
people^ and it was felt. 

Friday 24. We had fitly miles to ride, but had the advantage of 
|^>od roads. Stopped at F— ^'s, and then came on to brother 
M->^— *^s ; he and bis father have kindly entertained us as the ser- 
Tents of the Lord. 

'* Saturday 25. I had, an attentive and feeling people at Providence, 
irhcre I saw C-«-^, and learned that poor Henry, the Jew (men- 
tioned March 9, 1791) was dead, and died wretched in body and 
mind^ a few montln after my departure. Let preachers or peq>le 
catch me in Waynesbojroogh until things are: altered and bettered. 
Since lest Monday I have rode one hundred and eighty miles, and 
was obliged to ride on, though late, to prevent man iind beasts 
hmtig on the road on the Sabbath day. . My mind was powerfully 
struck with a sense of the great duty of preaching in all companies ; 
^f always speaking boldly and freely for God as if in the pulpit. 

IJsoBoiA. — Sabbath morning 26. I made frequent visits to the 

ttrooe of grace, and feel my soul comforted in God's word, *< Instead 

of thy lathers, thou shalt have sons, whom thou shalt make princes 

. in all the land :" I feel solemn ; the burthen of the work lies on 

me ; the preachers have left, and are leaving the field. 

Monday 27. W^ rode thirty miles ta Wbite-Oak meeting-house 
•—a painful joomey ; the weather was cold, and the house open ; 
Ibe people, however, were attentive. It is not pleasing to the flesh 
lo take only a little tea at seven o'clock in the morning, and then go 
until fiix at night before we have a table spread ; and ah ! how few 
Christian houses^— I had my trials in the evening. 

Tuesdi^ 28» We rode through the snow to Little-Riv^r, and a 
few people met us at S— -—'s : I preached on 2 Tim. iv. 2, 3, 4. 
Without staying to eat, we rode on to Washington, making thirty 
flnUes this day also. We collected our conference,^ and had great 
searching and sifting, and were under the necessity of suspending 



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124 REV, ra^Ncis ASBtm's ^ovmac* (1?W«. 

one ; y/e were rery close ia ezdminiDg characters and principles : 
each preacher spoke his experience, and made his obsenralions. 
relative to the work of God since last conference. Brother Hnll 
accompanies n^e, and H. Herbert repairs to Alexandria in Virgi'^ 
nia. I hope\n future there will be harmony among the brethren.; 
if souls are converted to God \x answers no valuable purpose there- 
after to disciple them to ourselves. I preached on the marriage 
supper, and took occasion to show how some vre kept from, ^nd 
others lose, the grace of God by the unlawful use of lawful things. 

Saturday, March 4. Rode to Fisbing^Creek» and had an uncooi- 
fortable time on the Sabbath at Bibb's Cross-Roads. 

South CAROLiNA.-^Mooday 6. I left Georgia, and lodged near 
Whitehall in South Carolina. 

Tuesday 7. Rode fift^ miles to brother Finches ; here the bre- 
thren gave me a meeting on Wednesday ; the congregation w4& 
small, and the people unengaged; rode that evening to Odle's, aii^ 
the nextday to Watter*s. 

Sunday 12. Preached at Smith's on Romans, v. 1, 2, 3.; and 
kept the holy, solemn Sabbath as a day of rest for man and beast. 

NoKTB CAROuNA.--Monday 13. Rode < forty miles to Maj^;^^ 
Moor's, cold and weary. 1 have read, two volumes of Gordon's 
American Revolution, containing about one thousand pages. We 
came to the widow M— 's : here we heard that fifty poor wander* 
ing dinners had been brought back to God in this wild place^and we 
rejoiced at the glad tidings. 

Friday 17. 1 was very much chilled in riding twenty-five miles 
over the ijQOuntains to Wiltshire's : at 3 o'clock J preached «n iiebr. 
iii. 12, l3, 14 — I was very unwell and in tnuoh pain. , There waa 
«t poor man in the house who was wild enough to swim the river 
on a mare with another man behind him — what a mercy that he 
was not drowned ! 

Saturday 18. I felt death in some measure at this place. Brother 
Hull preached and 1 exhorted. 

Sunday 19* We had a close love- feast, and a few testimonies of 
the power and love of Christ : there was some little melting also 
amongst the people ; but it is hard to civilize, methodize, and spirit 
tualize ; sin, Satan, flesh, and hell are against us. 

We have rested two days besides . Sabbaths, and rode two 
hundred and fifty miles in about two weeks : our entertainment is 
geiierally mean. 

Monday 20; Our horses' backs being bruised, we had our dtffi* 
culties in getting to Rehoboth. 



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2tf2«] R£V. FRANCES asbv&y's jovrnal. 125 

We were well nigh cast away Id going to the widow W— 's : 
it waft very dark, and we were bewildered in the woods : my sad- 
dle turned, and I slipped from my horse, hut receired no harm. I 
bad to walk nearly half a mile through mud and water to reach the 
iiouse. 

Tuesday 21. F came to Gordon's, on the Yadkin: it is seven 
yeairs since I was here— dead! dead !— The world — ^the devil— 
Antittomianism in doctrine and practice. I was led out in preach* 
tng^on Deut. xxiiii 29. 

Wednesday 22. We started for Holstein. After riding about fif> 
teen miles, we stopped to feed, and a: woman directed us along the 
new way over Ihe Elk Spur : we found ourselves in a wilderness ; 
the weather was very cold, and the night coming on, we were at a 
loss what to do ; whilst we were wishfully looking about us, to our 
great satisfaction we discovered a house ; it was clean and com- 
ibrtable^ and we were well entertained. 

ViRGiNi^.-— Thursday 23. We made an early start for friend 
Osborne's, on New-River, fifteen miles distant ; here we were 
generously entertained. After talking and praying together, we 
were guided across the river, for which I was thankful. Arriving 
at Fox-Creek, we crossed it eleven times, and tarried that night 
^ith C ■■ , a n&minal member of the society of Friends, who used 
tis very well. 

Friday 24. Rode twelve miles to S 's : after dinner, exhorta*^ 
tion, and prayer, we came down the south fork, and crossed the 
middle fork of Holstein river. 

Saturday 25. Came to the Salt Works, and on Sunday preached 
on *' Happy is the people whose Go^is tbe Lord." 

Monday 27. I had enlargement in preaching to an attentive con- 
gregation at Abingdon court bouse. 

Tuesday 28. Preached at Owen's on *' This people have 1 formed 
for myself." 

Thursday 30. We had many people to hear at Charles Baker's, 
io whom I preached with some life. We took half a day to have 
the smith's work done in fitting our horses for the journey through 
the wilderness* 

Tennessee.— Rode twenty-four miles to Mr. Y— 's on the 
main Holstein; and the next day, eighteen miles to Hawkins 
court'-house, and thence to Crabb's. We have confused accounts 
of Indians : our guard rested on the Sabbath day within four miles 
of the wilderness.' 



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226 hbv. FRANCIS asbvuy's jovnifASi. (I79£r. 

Satordfly, April I. I heard a company had arrived fretn K^d« 
tocky to Crabb's : this man's soa and a Mr. Henderson have beefi 
killed by the liidians since I was here last 

Sunday 2. I preached to all the people i cOold collect* 

Monday 3. We entered the wilderness and reached Rofoinsofll*! 
station. Two of the company were on foot, carrying their packs ; 
and women there are with their children ;--^these eDcombraacMi 
make os move alowly and heavily. 

Kentuckt.— Tuesday 4. We reach«^d Richland* Greek, and were 
preserved from hahn. About two o'clock, it began to rain, and eon- 
tinned most of the day. After crossing the Laurel-River, which 
we were compelled to swim, we came to Rock-Castle statioii, 
where we found such a set of sinners as made it next to heU itseU 
Our corn here cost as a dollar per bushel. 

Wednesday 5: This morning we again swam the river, and ako 
the west Fork thereof— my little horse wasready to fail in tfaf^ 
coarse of the day— -1 was steeped in the water up to the waist?: 
about seven o'clock, with bard pushing*, we reached the Crab- 
Orchard. How much 1 have suffered in this journey, is only 
known to God and myself. What added much to its disagreeable 
pess, is the extreme fiUhiness of the houses. I was seized with 
a severe flux, which followed me eight days : for some .of the time 
I kept up, but at last found myself under the necessity of taking to 
my bed. 

Tuesday 1 1. I endured as severe pain as, perhaps, I ever felt. I 
made use of small portions of rhubarb ; and also obtained soipe 
good claret, of which 1 drank a botde in th^ee days, and was almost 
well, so that on Sunday following I preached a sermon an hour * 
long. In the course of my affliction I have felt myself very low ; 
I have had serious views of eternity, and was^ free from the fear 
ofdeath. I stopped and lodged, doring my illness, with Mr. Willis 
Green, who showed me all possible attention and kindness. • 

I wrote and sent to Mr. Rice, a Presbyterian minister, a <H>m- 
mendation of his speech, delivered in a convention in Kentucky, 
On the natural rights of mankind : I gave him an exhorts^on to 
call ott the Methodists on his way to Philadelphia, and if conve** 
nient, to preach in our houses. 

Tuesday U. I wrote an address on behalf of Bethel schooL 
The weather was wet. and stopped us until Friday. 

Friday 21. Rode to Clarke's station ; and on Saturday preached 
on David's charge to Solomon. \ 



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1792.] i(fiV.«P»All€f£k'A9B0IIY'S>Je«lilVAL. "^ 127 

N8«iMiay 25. I f reaebed-fi'tong, mid perhaps a terrible serBBon, 
some may think, on '< Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord» 
we persuade men.*' 

Monday 94. I rode to BeUiei. I found it necessary to change 
the plan of the house, to make it more comfortable to the scholars 
in cold weather 1 am too mtich in company, and hear so mach 
abottt Indians, Convention, Treaty, killing and scalping, that ^my 
attention is drdwn more to these things than I conld wish ; I foand 
it good to get alone in the woods and converse with God. 

Wednesday 26. Was a rainy, damp day ; however, we rode to 
meet the conference, where I was closely employed with the tra- 
velling and Jocal preachers ; with the leaders and stewards. I met 
Ihe married men and women apart, and we had great consolation in 
the Lord. Vast crowds of people attended pab|ic worship. The 
•pirit of matrimony is very prevalent here ; in one circuit both 
preachers are. settled: the land is good, the country new, and 
indeed all possible facilities to the comfortable maintenance of a 
&mily are offered to an industrious, prudent pair. 

Monday, May 1. Came to L 's. An, alarm was spreading of 

a depredation committed by the Indians, on the e^st and west fron* * 
tiers of the settlement ; in the former, report says one map^ was 
killed ; in the latter, many men, with women and children — every 
t^ing is in motion. There having been so many about me at con* 
fereoce, my rest was much broken ; I hoped now to repair it, and 
get refreshed before I set out to return through the wilderness ; 
bat the continual arrival of pep'ple until midnight ; the barking of 
dogs, and other annoyances, prevented. Next night we reached the 
Crab Orchard, where thirty or fortyt people were compelled to 
cr^wd into one mean house. We could get no more rest here 
than we did in the wilderness. We came the old way by ScaggS" 
Creek, and Rock-Castle, supposing it to be safer, as it was a road 
less frequented, and therefore less liable to be way-laid by the 
aavages. My body by this time is well tried : I hsid a violent fever 
dnd pain in the head, such as I had not lately felt ; I stretched my- 
self on the cold ground, and borrowing clothes to keep me warm, 
by *^e mercy of God, I slept four or. five hours. Next morning 
we set off early, and passed beyond Richlaiid-Creek : — here we 
were m danger, if any where : I could have slept, but was afraid : 
seeing the drowsiness of the company, I walked the encampment 
and watched the sentries the whole night. Eariy next morning, 
we made our way to Robinson's station. We had the best com- 
pany I ever met with— thirty-six good travellers, and a few war- 



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129 R£v. PiUffcts AssmT'ft jomti^, , [i,%9S^ 

yion^ bat we had a pack-horse, some old iQen» and two- tif^ 
bojrses^— these were not the best part. 

ViAoiBrfA.-^Saturday 6. Through iofinite mercj, we camesafe/ 
to Crabb's. Rest» poor boose of clay, from such e^ertioiis !-r-re« 
torn, O my soul, to thy rest ! 

Hooday 8. I came to Young's^a comfortable, quiet hause» 
within six miles of Katcliffels, whose wife and xshildreowofe mw* 
dered by the Indians. Here I slept comfortably. 

Tuesday 9. We came to brother Baker's, where we rested two 
days, and had our horses shod. 

Friday 12. Rode to Halfaere's, about fiAy miles, and came ia 
about eleven o'clock*. 

Saturday^ Sunday, and Monday, 13, 14, 15. We were engaged in 
the business of conference at Holstein. I bad a meeting with the 
men ; a lively one with the womeo, mosst of whose hearts the . 
Lord touched. . . ^ 

Tuesday 16. We came to Russell's qld place, M Seven Mil^ 
Ford ; and next day set out for Greenbrier, and reached C< — ^X 
My spirits were too lively and disposed to gayety, which indulged^ 
perhaps too far, made me feel mean before the Lprd. . .,_ 

T^rsday 18. Rode to Hogg's ; and next day to M-^-^-^'s ; (orJtj 
miles each day : the roads were better than I expected. 

Saturday 20. Rode twenty miles. My weary body feels ib^ 
want of rest; but my heart rejoiced lo meet with the bretbreii 
who were waiting for me. 1 am more than ever convinced of the 
need and propriety of annual conferences, and of greater changei^ 
among the preachers, I am sensible the western parts have suf* 
fered by my absence ; I lament this, and deplore my loss of strict 
communion with God, occasioned by the necessity I am under o^ 
constant riding ; change of place ; company, and sometiines disa- 
greeable compaoy ; loss of slef p, and the difficulties of clamber- 
ing over rocks and mountains, and journeying at the rate of seven 
or eight hundred mijes per month, and sometimes forty or fiAy 
miles a day— these have be^n a part of my labours, and make no 
small share of my btnderances. 

I crossed the Kanhaway et Paris's ferry. Here 1 coorersed 
with a man who informed me a brother preacher bad called there^ 
and, as he said^ was peevish : the dear man was just at death's 
door, and though his exercises ^nd bodily infirmities may have 
pressed him sore, and excited expressions of discontent^ he was, 
nevertheless, a meek and boly servant of God. My informant also 
mentiooed lanother, who had been a member, and who would swear. 



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I79SL] ' BET. FRAKcn asbvry's jovbral. 12^ 

bGtriUy and drink to excess : it is proper I notice, that I did not 
receive these accounts from a professor of religion. I thought 
within mysetf— Se^ how we are watched : ah !. we little think 
oftentimes how narrowly our conduct, our tempers, are observed 
by the world ; and poor sinners still less imagine how strictly we 
watch them, and how well this habit of observation, and the inti- 
mate knowledge we gain of odr own hearts, makes us competent 
judges of their cases, and enftbles us so justly and so powerfully to 
condemn their wickedness. 

Sunday 21. I preached at Rehoboth on Isai. Iv. 12. there was 
no great move : brothers H— — and C-^ — ' both spoke after me. 

" Weaiy world, when will it end ?" 

My mind and body feel dull and heavy, but still my soul drinks 
deeper into God. We rode about one hundred and sixty miles 
fh>m the Rich Valley to Greenbrier conference ; talking too much, 
and praying too little, caused me to feel barrenness of soul. We 
bad a hope that not less then ten souls were converted during the 
conference : at preaching, I myself having a violent headach, re- 
tired ; the Lord was with them at the sacrament ; after which, the 
doors being opened, many came in and the meeting continued un- 
tifl nearly sunset. ^ 

We had a most solemn ordination on Thursday morning. After- 
ward we rode through Greenbrier by the town, on to brother 
W — ' — 's, a distance of thirty-six miles. My headach still con- 
tinuing, brother Hope Hull preached, and I retired to rest. 

Friday 26. We rode twenty-six miies to the Little Levels. O 
what a solitary country is this ! We have now one hundred and 
twenty miles before us, fifty of which is a wilderness : there is a- 
guard at two houses on our route; but I do not fear: nature is 
spent with labour ; I would not live always — hail ! happy death : 
nothing but holiness, perfect love, and then glory for me ! 

Saturday 27. My body is much wearied ; my bowels being much 
disordered, the water, the milk, and the bread, are like physic to 
me. We now thought it necessary to be moving ; it was dreary 

woA as we rode along the dreary path to D 's ; one of my 

companions, as well as myself, was unwell. From D -'s we had 

still forty miles to go, over hills and mountains : this, I think 
equalled, if not exceeded, any road 1 had ever travelled : we at ' 
length reached Tygers Valley. We stopped at Capt. S— 's, 
where there were several families crowded together, for fear of 

Vol. H, 17 



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130 ' HEV. FRANCIS ASBITftT's JOVKKXL. [179f . 

the lodiaDA. The upper end of the ?aUey has been depopulated, 
one iamily has been destroyed sioce I was last here. The Captain's 
wife was decent, kind, and sensible. Thence we went on to 
W ■ '^s, where I .got some fowl soup ; thence a few miles to 

, where the woman of the house was kind and.atteotire; 

but a still, a mill, a store, causes much company, and some not of 
the most agreeable kind. 

Tuesday 30. We hasted to O *s in the Cove, wher^ we met 

with a most kind and affectionate reception. But O the flies for 
the horses, and the gnats for the men ! And no food, nor even good 
water to be had. I slept well, although forced, ever and anon, to 
stir a little. 

Wednesday 31. We had a dreary path, over desperate hills, for 
fifty miles ; no food for man or beast, which caused l>oth to begin to 
fM very sensibly : my bowels continued to be disordered, and had 
I not procured a little wine, I suppose I should have failed al- 
together. 

PENffSYJLVANiA.— Thursday, June 1. Both men and horses 
travelled sore and wearily to Union Town. O.hovv good are 
clean houses, plentiful tables, and populous villages, when com- 
pared with the rough world we came throi^h ! Here 1 turned 
put our poor horses to pasture and to rest, after riding them nearly 
three hundred miles in eight days. 
- Friday 2. Wrote letters to send over the mountains. 

Saturday 3. 1 began to feel lame, and had a severe touch of the 
rheumatism, accompanied with a high fever, which occasioned 
great pain to me while sitting in conference. I fooad it necessary 
to remove, by exchange, si^ of the preachers from this to the 
eastern district. 

Sunday U. Having been too unwell to attend preaching through 
the week, I now ventured in public : a great crowd of people at- 
tended, and there was some melting and moving among them. I 
feel the death of this district ; I see what is wanting here— disci* 
pline, ^nd the preaching a present and full salvation, and the en- 
forcement of the doctrine of sanctification. I have been variously 
tried, and was constrained to be cheerful. 

We have founded a seminary of learning called Union School ; 
brother C. Conway is manager, who also has charge of the district : 
this establishment is designed for instruction in grammar, langui^es, 
. and the sciences. 

I have had some awful thoughts lest my lameness should grow 
upon me» and render me useless. I sometimes have fears that I 



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1792.] R£v. FRARcis asbvry's jockmal. 151 

am too siffick in speaking in ptiblie, at coDferebees ; 1 also feel the 
want of time and places to pnrsue my practice of ^solitary prayer, 
being frequently obliged to ride all tbe day and late at night, that I 
may in time reach the appointed places to preach. 

Tuesday 13. We ascended Laarel-hill,^ and aAer forty miles 

riding reached M— — 's, quite weary. Came to 1. C 's, sind 

found the Lord was still in this house : I preached, and felt a melt- 
ing heart, and there was some move in the congregation. I find 
myself recruited in body and mind ; and I feel as if God would 
work once more amongst this people. 

I was informed that Mr. Hammett had sent abroad circular let- 
ters, and had been railing against the presiding eldership, &c. I 
am not surprised that he should find fault with the office — its du- 
ties he ivas a man not likely to fulfil ; yet had it not been for the 
power attached to it, how greatly might Mr. Hatnmett have con* 
fused the society in Charleston, and perplexed the preachets in 
the district. The Lord will see to his own house. 

Maryland. — I preached at Fort Cumberland, in our new bouse, 

tQ many people. Dined with Mr. D , at whose house I was 

entertained the first time I visited this town : O that each of th^ 
family may be everlastingly saved I It is now three years since I 
came down this road. — Swifl- winged time, O how it flies ! My 
body is in better health, and my soul in great peace ; I feel do 
wrong temper. O that my whole heart might be running out in 
holiness after God ! 

Lord's day 18. We had a solemn meeting, whilst I enlarge^ on 
^^ Blessed are they^that hear the word of God and keep it." It 
was a good season. 

Virginia. — Monday 19. Rode to Bath. Here I had the Oppor- 
tunity of writing to all the connected preac^hers in the district. 

Friday 23. In the evening I preached with some assistance on 
Luke xiz. 10. 

' Saturday 24. I attended quarterly meeting at the widow Flint's. 
Here 1 had the first sight of Mr. Hammett's and brother Thos. 
Morrell's attacks on each other — or rather Mr. Hammett's against 
the Methodists, and brother Morrell's reply. Had brother M. 
known more, he would have replied better. Mr. H.'s quotation 
of a clause in my confidential letter to brother S-*-— — d, is not 
altogether just. He has also misquoted the caution, leaving out 
the word ** District," which, when retained, shows it to have 
been American, and to have been directed against American apos- 
tates and impostors. 



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133 AfiV. FRANCIS ASBVRY'S J^tRNAL. Ei?9£. 

Sabbath day 25. We had a liTing lore-feast, although the bouse 
ivas crowded, and Warm, almost past sufferance. 

Tuesday 27. I had a sweet opening at the quarterly meeting, on 
Ephes. ii. 1^. 1 met the preachers, leaders, and stewards, and thty 
resolved to enter more folly into the spirit of discipline. Next 
day 1 preached on ** My Spirit shall not always strive with man." 

Pennsylvania. — Rode twenty-two miles to S-- town, weary 

and warm ; the people were waiting, and 1 began on ^' Ah adul* 
terous and sinful generation." This is a poor place for religion. 

Friday 30. I rode nearly fifty miles through excessive heat, and 
felt somewhat like Jonah. 

Saturday, July 1. I was taken up with writing letters, having 
received accounts from Cokesbury. The college seems to be the 
weighty concern for the present. 

Sunday 2. 1 had heavy work — no freedom at D. W 's : 

Nothing will do here but discipline. I felt miy .spirit much hum- 
bled before the Lord, and a willingness to suffer. 

Tuesday 4. Rode to A. Kageell — it was the harvest home. I 
feel it my duty to press the people of God to go on to hpliness of 
heart and life. As the next morning was rainy, we staid until the 
aflernoon, and then rode to see our old brother M« Behem. We 
had a tender, feeling season on 1 John i. 8. on Salvation from fdl 
nn. At Strasburg, in the afternoon, we had a solemn meeting ; a 
young woman, who was married a few minutes before worship be- 
gan, was powerfully struck under the word, and wept greatly. O 
may she mourn until a second marriage takes place in her soul. 

Friday 7. We had a long ride to Morgantown : we came in at 
] 1 o'clock, being much fatigued. I discoursed on the likeness be- 
tween Moses and Christ, in the academical church.} This building 
is well designed for a school and a church. I directed Esq. Morgan 
to one of our local preachers as a teacher. 

We set out for Coventry Forge, but we missed our way, and 
came to brother Meredic's, in the valley. I prayed heartily for,' 
and spoke plainly to the young people. O that the Lord would fol- 
low them powerfully ! 

Saturday 8. This day my soul enjoyed the presence of God. I 
dined at Radnor, and went into Philadelphia. 

Sunday 9. I preached at Ebenezer church on James iv. 8. : at 
St. George^s church on Mark viii. 38. 1 had large accouots 
from the eastward, and am requested to send them more preach- 
ers. Afler twenty years standing of the house in our hands, the 
galleries are put up in our old new church. 



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179s;] BET* FKAKCIS AftBURv'S JOURNAL* 13d 

Monday 10 and Tuesday 11. Employed in reading and writing. 
1 wish to be alone — O how sweet is sdlitude ! 

Wednesday 12. I soaght and obtained peace between two bre- 
thren who had, unhappily, been at variance. 

New- Jersey. — Thursday 13. Rode through great heat and dust 
to Burlington, New-Jersey. Here I had many of my o]d, and 
some aew hearers : but some are much wiser than they were 
twenty years ago. We had a cold time of it, whilst I spoke on 
Hebr. iv. 7. 

Friday 14. After {preaching at 's we rode on to brother 

H-- — 's. He is resolved, that after he and his wife are served, 
the remainder of his whole estate shall go to the church ; his plan- 
tation to be rented, and the annual income to be applied as the con- 
ference held for Pennsylvania and the Jerseys shall please to 
direct. 

New-Tork. — Sunday 16. Preached at our church on Staten Is- 
land. I was very close on the law and the Gospel — a few felt ; but 
it was a dry time. Lord, help us ! 

Monday 17. We hasted to V *8 ferry; but found ourselves 

detained by the absence of both boats, so that we did not so soon 
as we expected reach New- York. I did not find that life an4 har- 
mony here that there bave been in times past. 1 have just now ob- 
tained abd am reading Mr. Wesley's Life, the work of Dr. Coke 
and Mr. Moofe, containing five hundred and forty-two pages. * It is 
in general well compiled ; but the history bf American Methodism 
is inaccurate in some of its details, and in some which are inte- 
resting. For some days past I have been occupied in reading, and 
and in meeting the several women's classes^ and found the Lord 
was amongst them. 

.As very probably all of my life which I shall be able to write 
will be found in my journal, it will not be improper to relate some- 
thing of my earlier years, and to give a brief account of my first 
labours in the ministry. 

I was bom in Old England, near the foot of Hampstead Bridge, 
in the parish of Handsworth, about four miles from Birmingham, 
in Statfordshire, and, according to the best of my after-knowledge, 
on the 20th or 21st day of August, in the year of our Lord 1745. 

My father's name was Joseph, and my mother's, Elizabeth As- 
bury : they were people in common life ; were remarkable for 
honesty and industry, and had all things needful to enjoy ; had my 
father been as saving as laborious, be might have been wealthy. 
As it was, it was his province to be employed as a former and 



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134 REV. FRANCIS ASDURV'S JOURNAL* [1792. 

gardener by the two richest families in the parish. My parents 
had but two children, a daughter called Sarah, and myself. My 
lovdy sister died in infancy ; she was a favourite, and my dear 
mother being very affectionate, sunk into deep distress at the loss 
of a darling child, from which she was not relieved for many years. 
It was under this dispensation that God was pleased to open the 
eyes of her mind, she living in a very dark, dark, dark day and 
place. She now began to read almost constantly when leisure pre- 
sented the opportunity. When a child, I thought it strange my 
mother should stand by a large window poring over a book for 
hours together. From my childhood I may say, I have neither 

" dar'd an oath, nor hazarded a lie." 

The love of truth is not natural ; but the habit of telling it I acquired 
very early, and so well was I taught, that my conscience would 
never permit me to swear profanely. I learned from my parents a 
certain form of words for prayer, and I well remember my mother 
strongly urged my father to family reading and prayer ; the singing 
of psalms was much practised by them both. My foible was the 
ordinary foible of children — fondness for play ; but I abhorred 
mischief and wickedness, although my mrates were amongst the 
vilest of the vile for lying, swearing, fighting, and whatever else 
boys of their age and evil habits were likely to be guilty of ; from 
siich society I very often returned home uneasy and' melancholy; 
and although driven awdy by my better principles, still I would re- 
turn, hoping to find happiness where I never found it. Sometimes 
I was much ridiculed, and called Methodist Parson^ because my 
mother invited any people who had the appearance of religion to 
her house. 

I was sent to school early, and began fo read the Bible between 
six and seven years of age, and greatly delighted in the historical 
part of it. My school-master was a great churl, and used to be^ 
me cruelly ; this drove me to prayer, and it appeared to me, that 
God was very near to me. My father having but the one son, 
greatly desired to keep me at school, he cared not how long ; but 
in this design he was disappointed ; for my master, by his severity,- 
had filled me with such horrible dread, that with me any thing was 
preferable to going to school. I lived some time in one of the 
wealthiest and most ungodly families we had in the parish : here I 
became vain, but not openly wicked. Some months after this I re- 
turned home ; and made my choice, when about thirteen years add 
a half old,- to learn a branch of business, at which 1 wrought about 



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\1%%.'\ REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. 135 

9VL years and a half: daring thk time I eojoyed great liberty, and 
IB the family was treated more like a son or an equal than an ap- 
prentice. 

Soon afler I entered on that business, God sent a pious man, 
not a Methodist, into our neighbourhood, and my mother invited 
him to our house ; by his conversation and prayers, I was awa- 
kened before I was fourteen years of age. It was now easy and 
pleasing to leave my company, and I began to pray morning and 
evening, being drawn by the cords of love, as with the bands of a 
man. I soon left our blind priest, and went to West-Bromwick 
church : here I heard Ryland, Stillingfleet, Talbot, Bagnall, Mans- 
field, Hawes, and Venn, great names, and esteemed Gospel-minis- 
^ters. I became very serious ; reading, a great deal — Whitefield 
and Cennick's Sermons, and every good book I could meet with. 
It was not long before I began to inquiry of my mother who, 
wh^re, what were the. Methodists ; she gave me a favourable ac- 
count, and directed me to a person that could take me to Wednes- 
bury to h^ar them. I soon found this was not the church — but it 
was better. The people were so devout — men and women kneel- 
ing down — laying Amen, — Now, behold ! they were singing hymns — 
sweet sound ! Why, strange to tel] ! the preacher had no prayer- 
bo^k, and yet he prayed wonderfully I What was yet more extra- 
ordinary, the man took his text, and had no sermon-book : thought 
I, this is wonderful indeed J It is certainly a strange way, but the 
best way. He talked about confidence, assurance, &c.— of which 
all my flights and hopes fell short. I had no deep convictions, nor 
had I committed any deep known sins. At one sermon, some time 
aAer, my. companion was powerfully wrought on : I was exceed- 
ingly grieved that I could not weep like him ; yet ^ knew myself 
to be in a state of unbelief. On a certain time when we were 
praying in my father's barn, I believe the Lord pardoned my sins, 
and justified my soul ; but my companions reasoned me out. of this 
belief, saying, <* Mr. Mather said a believer was as happy as if 
he was in heaven." I thought I was not as happy as I would be 
there, and gave up my conQdence, and that for months ; yet I was 
happy ; free from guilt and fear, and had power over sin, and felt 
great inward joy. After this, we met for reading and prayer, 
and had large and good meetings, and were much persecuted, 
until the persons at whose houses we held them were afraid, 
and they were discontinued. I then held meetings frequently 
at my father's house, exhorting the people there, as alsa at 
Sutton-Cofields, and several souls professed to find peace through 



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136 REV. rllANCIg ASBUKir'S JOUBOTAt. [17^ 

my Isi^iinr. I met chsi awhile at Bromwick-Heath, and met Id 
band at Wednesbury. I had preached some moiidNi befbre I ptib- 
licly appeared in the Methodist meeting-hotises ; when my la- 
boars became more public and extensive, some were amazed^ not 
knowing how 1 had exercised elsewhere. Behold me now a local 
preacher ; the hamble and willing servant of any and of every 
preacher that called on me by night or by day, being ready, with 
hasty steps, to go far and wide to do good, visiting Derbyshire, 
Staffordshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire, and indeed almost 
every place within my reach for the sake of precious sotils; 
preaching, generally, three, four, and five times a week, and at th^ 
same time pursuing my calling. — I think, when I was between 
twenty-one and twenty*two years of age I gave myself op to God 
and his work, after acting as a local preacher near the space of 
five years : itis now the 19th of July 1792. — I have been labour^ 
ing for God and ;sonls about thirty years, or upwards. 

Sometime after I had obtained « clear witness of my accep- 
tance with God, the Lord showed me in the heat of youth and 
youthful blood, the evil of my heart : for a short time 1 enjoyed, 
as I thought, the pure and pe^ect love of God-; but this happjl' 
frame did not long continue, altbough, at seasons, I was greatly 
blest. Whilst 1 was a travelling preacher in England, I was much 
tempted, finding myself exceedingly ignorant of almost every thing* 
a minister of the Gospel ought to know. How. I came to Ame- 
rica, and the events which have happened since, my journal wiH 
show. 

Yesterday I preached in New-York, on " Who is on the Lord's 
side ?" — I had some life in speaking, but there was little move in 
the congregation. O Lord, hasten a revival of thy work ! This ' 
city has been agitated about the choice of Governor : it would be 
better for them all to be on the Lord's side. — The standard is set 
up — who declares for the Lord ? — The wicked ; the carnal pro- 
fessors ; carnal ministei^, and apostates, are the Lord's enemies. 

Sunday 23. Was a melting time with many hearts in the old 
church : my subject, 1 John i. 6, 7. In the afternoon, although 
very unwell, I laboured hard in the new church, but the people 
were exceedingly insensible. There was a little shaking under 
brother Hull in the old church in the evening. 

Monday 24. We set out for Lynn, and made our way through 
Bedford, riding fifty miles the first day : I prayed in four houses, 
and felt much given up on the way. 



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29M^] HEV. FRANCIS ASSUAy'S JOURNAL, 137 

CoyKECTicnT.— Tuesday 26. Rain to-day : after which, we 
pame to Reading ; aod althoogh' it was late, and the eYening datnp^ 
I was ttowilling to omit the opportunity of speaking to the people. 
Brother Hull, txxy fellow-traveller, went to hed very ill. God has 
wrought in this town : the spirit of prayer is amongst the people ; 
and several souls have been brought to God. 

Wednesday 26. We came to Newtown and fed — thence to Wa- 
terbary : brother H. is still very ill. Ijiere we were entertained 
kindly, and at small charges ; the people submitted and were at- 
tentive to prayer. Thence we continued on to Southeriogton : 
we dined at a public house, where we had cheap, good, plain 
usage : our host told us, " It was the misfortune of the Methodists 
to Ml in with some of the most ignorant, poor, and disreputable 
people in the state." My answer was, the poor have the Gospel 
preached to them — ^that it had been aforetime asked, '< Have any 
of the rulers believed on him ?" 

Came to the city of Hartford, and thence went on to East- Hart- 
ford. I was alarming on ^ev. xzi. 8. ; brother H. is still very 
' sick ; and for my poor self, I am tempted to fretfulness ; but by 
gjmce I was-kept in peace, and blessed in speaking. The next day 
we came through the extreme heat to Stafford, and attended a quar- 
terly meeting, where we had a crowd of people in a new, open' 
bouse: I was very unwell, and much tempted, but I had good 
liberty in preaching ; my subject was Colos. ii. 6. ; on Sunday I 
waa very pointed on Rom. i. 18. 

There has been a work in Tolland circuit : I suppose one hun- 
dred and fifty aoub have been converted, and twice the number 
under awakenings in the different societies around : I felt very 
solemn among them. Brothers Smith, and Raynor, have been 
owned of the Lord in these parts. 

MASSACHusETT8.-«We Came through Asbford, Pomfret, Menden^ 
and Douglass : we lodged at a tavern, where the people were very 
obliging, and attentive to prayer : thence we rode to Medfield's to 
dinner ; thence through Dover, Newton, Cambridge, Maiden, to 
Lynn ; which we reached about midnight, having travelled sixty- 
five miles— my soul, meanwhile, continually filled with the good<- 
ness of God. 

Thursday, August 3. Our conference met, consisting of eight 
preachers, much united, beside myself. In Lynn, we have the out- 
side of a house completed ; and what is best of all, several souls 
profess to be converted to God. . I preached on 1 John iv. 1— >6. 
Vol. if. 18 



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138 IL£T. FIU9CI8 AI»BU11T*8 JOUKMAt. f l'^^ 

mid bad^some life, bat was too fornnftl. - There wa» preachiBf^ 
every night through the sitting of tbe coofereace. 

Saturday 5. I preached an ordination aermon to a rery aoleiBii 
coi^regatioD, on 2 Cor. iii. 5. 

Sabbath morning 6. 1 preached on 1 Cor.^ v'u 19, 20/ In the , 
aiternoon brother A ' ■■ — preached j and I afterward gave them u 
farewell exhortation, and there were some affectioDaite fediags 
excited amongst the people. — Many were movedy md felt a great 
desire to speak in the love-feast, but they had nc^ coorage. O 
that we had more apostolical preaching ! 

Monday 7. We took leave of town, making a hasty flight. We 
dined at Cambridge. The vain drove us for shelter mlder thehos" 
pitable roof of Mr. How ; the kind family here accepted of family 
worship. 

Taciday 8. Wa. came through Brookfieki aod Shrewabury Us 
Worcester ; after restmg, we briskly pursaed our^way to Brook* 
field. We fouftal we had stopped at the wrong house; soai^ 
wicked labouring young men were intoxicated, singing psalms and 
song tunes for their amusement ; one man railed on, and cursed «s ' , 
because he was not told all be wanted to know. ; 

Wednesday 9. We came to Belcher Town, and were kindly en- 
tertained at W^-'-^'s : thence we pushed on to Hadley, crossed 
Connecticut- River, and stopped at Northampton* Ah I inhere j« 
the blessedness of which we formerly heard in this place»-a^I ia.^ 
quired of our host, but received littie satisfactory information* i 
proposed prayer, but found it was not well received. I went to 
bed weary and nnWell ; and labout half past six o'clock next mom^ 
ing'set out again over the rocks and uneven roads, across tbe moan* 
tain, having passed through WoHhtagtoav Chesterfield, and Par*- 
tridgefield. I wondered to see tbe people settled here so thickly, 
among the rocks, where Ihe soil can onfy be cultivated by the iron 
band of active, laborious industry : I should prefer any part of the 
Alleghany where it is not too rocky, becauscr the land is better. We^ 
made it nearly forty miles to Pittsfield ; and ouv journey was amre 
disagreeable from the falling of a heavy shower. We iiave oow 
rode about one hundred and seventy miles from Lynn in four 4a^. . 
My mind has been variously exercised, and my body much fatigued ; 
if I have been kept from sin, to tbe Lord's name be aU the ^ry ! 
PittsfieU is a pleasant plain, extending from mcmotain tomouittain ; 
the population may consist of two thousand souls. There is a grand 
meeting-house and steeple, toth as white and gltsteriag as Sol&fmnU 



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179S;] REV. FHAlfCIS ASBUav's JOUaffAT.- . 139 

Htiqfle. The tniiiister, as 1 Jearn^ is on^ the New-Dlfkdty fHaa. I 
heard the experien^te of one of the first settlers id the town» who 
was eieaiij hrooght ont of hoadage ; but by resting in UDfaihog per* 
•everaoce, he agaio grew cokl : of late be has been stirred up and 
restored by the iastranoentaliiy of the Methodists. I wae pleased 
to enjoy the privilege of retiring alone to the cooling sylvan shades 
in frequent converse with any best Friend.^ 

Saturday IS. We held oov meeting in a noble house, built for 
Baptists, Separatists, or sooMbody, and is now occupied by the Me- 
thodists. There was a large and attentive congregation, and some 
melting amongpt the people> with whom the Lord is at work. 

Sunday 13. I was so unwell, that I concluded not to go to meet- 
ipg* but was at last persmided along. 1 felt enlargement in preach- 
ing, and the people were tender and attentive. • It has been said, 
*^Tbe Eastern people are not to be moved ;" it is true, they are 
tmo much accustomed to hear systematical preaching to be moved 
bjra systematical sermon, even from a Methodist ; but they have 
their feelingjs^ and touch but the right string, and they will be 
Boved. I became weary of staying three days in one house ; Mr, 
Stevens was very kind, his wife was under heavy heart»awakenings» 
' NKw*YoiiK.-r-We set out and came to Lebanon in the. state of 
Kew-York. The medical waters here are warm and . very soft ; 
pure and light, with no small quantity of fixed air. I found a poor 
bnth^boose. Here the devil's tents are set up, and, as is common at 
theae bis encampments, bis children are doing his drudgery* I 
baptised F— *— 's child : he and his wife came out from amongst 
the Shakers, where they had lived in celibacy many years. At 
the request of the people, notwithstanding my barrenness at bro- 
^r W— 's, I delivered a discourse on 1 Peter iiL 15. ; my au- 
drence appeared to be strangers to our way. Mr. K a , a Pres- 
byterxan minister, bore his testimony in favour of the word' deliver- 
ed, and recommended it to his people. We then came to Bethle- 
hem, and the nest day 1 preached at the house of a Baptist to 
sibout three lumdred people : it was a searching, movings time. I 
also baptised, and adouoistered the Lord's supper ; I then went a 
smdl distance to lodge, but I felt not myself at home, the worship 
of .God not being in the boose. 1 now began to bring op my read- 
ings in the New Teatam^it. 

Wednesday 16. Came to Albany, and had a joyful, happy con- 
ference, twenty-one preachers being present. We constituted two 
deacons and four eldera. Each preacher was called upoa to speak of 
his exercises and observations since our last annual session : we ex- 



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140 REV. FAASCIS ASfiURY^S MXTARAL. [iTdS;! 

amined our doctrines,* and whether oat faith was still firm in those 
which were heheved and taught amongst us. We appoihted J<mk'^ 
than Newman as a missionary to the whites and Indian^ on ik& 
frontiers. We also sent another to Cataraqai. Before we rose,* 
we propounded a few questions of theology, viz. 

1. How are we to deal with sinners ? 

2. How should we treat with mourners ? 

3. Which way should we address hypocrites ? 

4. How can we deal with backsliders ? . . 

5. What is best for believers ? 

We had preaching in the market-house in Albany ; and notwitfa-^. 
standing our hurry and crowd, we were happy and had living testi- 
monies from preachers and people. I trust two hundred have 
been converted in- the district since last conference. 

Monday 20. I came to Coeyman's Patent, and had a degree of 
light in preaching in the new church on Epbes. i. 18, 19.. After 
preaching we hasted to Hudson, thirty-two miles.^ On our W9f 
we called on a friend whose wretched wife had made an attempt 
to poison him and two others by strewing bane on the meat they 
ate : the dose wrought so powerfully that they threw it up ; and §4 
she, Satan, and hell, were all disappointed. I lodged with brother 

W : he and his wife were kind, dear souls to me, when siok 

here last year< — now I am well : praise the Lord, O my soul ! 

I had to ride thirty-five miles to Rfainebeck ; the weather was ex- 
tremely warm and dry. We hasted along, and' arriving a little lie- 
fore five o'clock, found the people waiting. I preached in a 
school-house, which, by enlargement makes a good church, m 
called. 

I had reason to fear, from former and later information, that bro- 
ther was not as useful nor as acceptable here as I could 

wish : from a sense of doty I mentioned this to him with great ten- 
derness. At first, it proved some trial to him; but when bro- 
ther — ^ > and brother confirmed what I had said, and I 

assured him that a desire to promote the caU96 of 'God was the only 
motive that led me to mention this to him, he resumed his former 
cheerfulness, and we parted in peace. 

It was appointed fbr me to preach at a place forty-five miles 
distant, but the weather being extremely warm, and our horses 
weary, we did not get in until eight o'clock, in consequence of 
which many people were disappointed. 

Thursday 24. I breakfasted at Governor Van Cortlandt's ' I 
feel as if the Lord had been striving here*. 



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17SS.}' &£y. |?||Aff€IS ASBUKY's JOUAHAl.. |41 

Sfttosday 26. Game to the quarterly meeling at New-Rocbelle. 
Tlie Lord gave light aod libei^ty in speaking. We had a meeting 
with the local preacherd^ stewards, and leaders who were present. 
Mr. Hammett's rejoinder has made its appearance. N. Manners 
has also come to town, to spread his doctrine and distribute his 
books : was he a gracious man, I cannot think he would write as 
he does' against Mr. Wesley and Mr. Fl,etcher. Perhaps he will 
find it rather easier to write and print books, than to sell and pay 
the cost of publishing them. 

Sunday 27. I preached to a vast congregation, with liberty, on 
1 Cor. iii. 15, 16. Many hearts were touched, and we had a 
blessed season at love-feast and sacrami^nt. 
. Monday 28. Came to New- York, and opened confereqce^ 
twenty-eight preachers being present. We spent most of the af- 
ternoon in prayer ; • and nearly all the preachers gave an account 
of -what each one had seen and felt since last conference. The 
yt»ang gave us their experience, and there were several who pro-r 
fessed sanctificatioB. Awful H- haunted us one day, request- 
ing us to give him an honourable discharge from the connexion ; 
b«t we shall publish him expelled^—he is the Wheatly of America^ 

Friday, September 1. We bad a solemn love-feast, the lower 
iSoor of the house being nearly filled : several of the bretbrea 
professed perfect love ; others had lost the witness. « 

My mind has been so bent to the business of the conference^ 
ttiat I have sle'pt but little this week. Connecticut is supplied 
much to my mind ; several very promising young men having 
been admitted this conference. The societies are in harmony, 
but not as lively as they ought to be. I went to hear Dr. L— — — , 
but was greatly disappointed : he had such a rumbling voice that 
I could understand but little in that great house. How elegant the 
building ! How small the appearances of religion ! Lord, have 
mercy upou the Reformed Churches ! O ye dry bones, hear the 
word of the Lord ! I was much obliged to my friend for renewing 
my clothing and giving me a little pocket money — thi^ is better 
than £500 per annum. I told some of our preachers, who were 
very poor, how happy they were, and that probably, bad they 
mpre, their wants would proportionably increase. My soul is 
humble, and by grace is kept holy : 1 do the best I can, and leave 
the event to the Lord— if others do wrong, they must answer for 
themselves now, and at the day of judgment. 

Sunday 3. I preached a preparatory sermon, on 1 Cor. v. 7, Q. 
previously to the administration of the sacrament. It was ob^ 



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14S RSV. FRANCIS ASIVRT'S JOUIINAJL. [t?0£. 

setved What a fitness of simtbrity there* wiB between the fiass^oFe)^ 
and the sopper of the Lord. The 8tm{dicity and purity 6f the 
)atter-*-^eae{, instead of the flesh of an animal, and tme; instead 
of the blood of the creature : mne, the blood of Christ, and gmer 
the life of our souls. It was shown who were proper commuBi^ 
cants-^troe penitents and real believers. Not with the leaven of 
malice and wickedness— acid, bitter, and puffing up, l^ut'theun* 
leavened bread of' sincerity and truth-*-uprightnes8 of heart; airf 
sound experience. 

I now leave New^Tork for one whole year, under the hope and 
prophecy that this will be a year of the Lord's power with them. 

New- Jersey. — We had. severe crossing the North- River: it 
was much as ever the horses could do to keep their fecft. We 
came to Newark, and thence to Elizabethtown, in Jersey. I 
now began to unbend my mind, and became very heavy, i went 
up stairs, sat in my chair, rested my head, and slept solidly ; bat a 
kind friend would have me waked, which made me sick. ' 

Tuesday 5. I pursued my journey through Woodbridge, imd 
came to Brunswick* The weather was very warm ; the rondt. 
4usty, and our journeys long. We jreached Milford town in th^ 
eveiung. 

Wednesday 6. Passed through Crosswicks and fiorlington, and 
came to Philadelphia : L found I was too late, the preachers hav* 
ing waited a day for me to come and open the conference. 

Thursday 7. We had great peace in our conference. The 
preachers gave a feeling account of the work of God. We had 
more preachers than we needed this time ^ both ihey and the peo^ 
pie were. lively: most of our brethren in the ministry can now 
stand the greatest exertions. 

Sabbath morning 10. We had a melting love-feast — the OEiouthsof 
many were opened to declare the loving kindness of the Lord. 1 
preached, but did not like their ill-contrived house. At Ebeneaset 
I had an attentive congregation, to whom I spoke on Philip, i. 18« 
At night the mobility came in like the roaring of the sea : boys were 
aroupd the doors, and the streets were in an uproar. Tiiey had 
been alarmed by a shout the night before, which, probably, was 
one cause of the congregation beii^ so large. Brother A — ^— - 
went to prayer ; a person cried out : brother G^— — joined in 
prayer ; the Wicked were collected to oppose. I felt Ibe powers 
of darkness were very strong. After ending my discourse, brother 
M-H— rose up and mentioned the shocking conduct he had^obser- 
ved among them-^fightiog, swearing, threatening, ^.«--But where 



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I7#lv} ' KEY. FHANGia AftBUIiy'fi JOVAliAt. 143 

ue the watchmea ?---^le6p. — ^^Where are the masiiitrates ?->-dozii^ 
at home. . This is a wicked, horribly wicked city; and if the 
p90{^ do not reform, I think they will be let loose opoa one an* 
other,, or else God will send the pestilence amongst them, and slay 
tbem by hundreds . and thousands : — the spirit of prayer has de^ 
parted, and thespiritnal watchmen have ceased to cry aloud among 
all sects and denominations : for their upfaithfalness they will be 
smitten in anger : for sleepy nienee in the house of God, which 
Ofight to resound with the voice of praise and freq^uent prayer, the 
Iii^d will visit their streets with the nUnce of desolation. 

Dfiz^AWikRE.— Monday 10. I left Philadelphia, dined at Chester, 
and preached at Wilmington in the evening. The next day I rode 
lo Duck*Creek Cross-Roads, state of Delaware, to hold conference* 
We were full of business^ and had life and liberty. I met the lead* 
ers and local brethren in the ministry, and we had a powerful time* 
I requested them to give an account of their past and present ex« 
perience; the slate of their respective families; and the classes 
they had the charge of, together with the prospects of religion 
where they lived : they understood me^ and spoke much to the 
purpose. We parted^ with a good love-feast, from which the gay 
and the worldly, at least, were excluded, if we did not keep out 
ainners, Pharisees, and hypocrites. 

Saturday 16. Rode to Camden. To Dr. Barrett, a true son of 
a worthy fttber, we s^re chiefly indebted for a neat, economical 
meeting* house. I had so many friends I knew not where to go. 
My attendance on conferences and quarterly meetings has lately 
been so coastani, 1 found it expedient to make a sudden change and 
come home. In my way I stopped at a friend's house ; the wo- 
man had been early a member ; the man, not of us : I pressed 
family prayer upon her from divine authority : I saw her tears 
and heard her promises. Came home to T. White's. I resolved 
on the establishment of a prayer-meeting for the women before I 
go hence. I have felt my soul greatly quickened of late to bear 
and suffer all things, and to foel nothing but love : if we are tried 
by Christian people, it is chiefly for want of grace or knowledge in 
them, or us, or both-— they are objects of pity, not of anger. 

This day is spent in reading, writing, meditation, and prayer. 
To be retired and solitary is desirable after the presence of croi^ds, 
and the labours, various and unceasing, to which I am called : when 
our Lord was pursued by the people, he, as a man, would hide 
himself, r thought, if my brethren would not spare me, I must 
spare myself. - 



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144 HEHT, TVtAHtl^ ASBU&X*S J^HMAL* lt%9^ 

I have beeD readiog Doctor Langdoa on the Reyekttons»' apd 
fiDd little new or very spiritaal ; be is like the Newtons and all 
the historical interpreters — one thing is wanting. And ini|^t not 
an interpreter show the present time foretold by these signs, which 
plainly point to the why and wherefore it is, that sotne tire ChriST 
tian bishops and Christian dissertators on prophecy ? A bishopric!^ 
with one, or. two, or three thousand sterling a year as an appenda^, 
niight determine the most hesitating in their choice : I see no 
reason why a heathen phiipsopher, who had enough of t|}is worM-$ 
wisdom to see the advantages of wealth and honours, should not 
' say,^< (jrive me a bishoprick ^d I will be a Christian/' In the 
Eastern states also there are very good and ivffkient reasons f^i? 
the faith of the favoured ministry. Ease, honour, interest : what 
follows ?— idolatry, superstition, death. 

, Tuesday 19. Continued at Judge W ^^'s, and spoke a feijB 

words to a few people. 

Wednesday 20. .We came to Millford, and ha4a solemn time oil . 
Genesis vi. 3. Here I held a conference with the local preach* 
ers, and was pleased at the accounts they, gave of their prospects 
of religion in their neighbourhoods. 

Thursday 21. We had a moving feast of charity, and a clojse, 
searching time in public — my subject, 2 Tim. iii. 20, 21. 

Friday 22. I came to BrpadCreek with a heavy heart. We 
had a blessed time in the love-feast : many souls had longings for 
sanctification, and some boldly professed it. I felt as if it would 1>0 
long before t should again visit this house. A poor man attempted 
to come near ipe ; beings encouraged by ray speaking to him, he 
approached, and told me, with a full heart, that about that time five 
years past,, the L6rd spoke through me, to his conviction> at Moore's 
chapel. ( 

Tuesday 26. Attended quarterly meeting at Myle's cb^pol, 
where I met with a few serious people : the second day we had a 
few Church-folks — something wild. , 

Virginia. — Thursday 28. Crossed Pocompke to L — — 's : at 
Dowiogs's at night. Brother Everett was sick. I had a large 
congregation at Garrettson chapel ; and was much blest on Rom. 
viii. 29, 3D. I had a comfortable conference with the leaders, 
stewards, local preachers, and exhorters ; and we had a living 
love- feast. , 

y Sunday, October 1. We had a crowded congregation^ and some 
melting amongst the people whilst I enlarged on '* Almost thoo 
persuadest me to be a Christian." I endeavoured to point out the 



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179!^] > REV. FRANCIS ASBVRT'iS JOURNAL. ^ 145 

gra«ioe marks of a Christian i. 2. Remove the objection against 
these marks ; and 3. Persuade by appfjing to the hopes and fears 
of oiy hearers. 

Monday 2* I had a kind of chill and headach, and was very un- 
well ; yet I rode about forty miles to Littleton Long's— -I went 
quick to bed. 

M ARVLAKD.-^I attended the quarterly meeting in Dorset on the 
tot day ; we had few people. Thence to Henry EnnalPs, where 
young sister Kane was struck with convictioa at family prayer : 
she followed us to quarterly meeting, at Easton, under deep distress ; 
and returning, found peace where she found conviction three days 
before. We had great plainness, and were much stirred up in the 
cooference with our local brethren. The congregation was large 
the second day, and the people were more quiet than common — 
perhaps because we were so. 

Thence we rode to Choptank, now Greensborough ; and preached 
oȣplies. ti. 17. ; and some power went through the house. I had 
a good conference with the local brethren ; making close inquiries 
rebttve to themselves, their families^ and the societies to which 
they respectively belong. 

. I stopped a day at Judge White's, and read in haste the most 
essential parts of *< Jefferson's Notes.'^ I have thought, it may 
be I am safer to be occasionally among the people of the world, 
tiittd wholly confined to the indulgent people of God : he who 
soiiietimes suffers from a famine, will the better know how to re- 
lish a feast. 

•Saturday 14. We had many gracious souls at Boardley's, barn. 
I was greatly Weakened by preaching; but I hope souls were 
spirituaUy strengthened. We had a gracious season iu conference 
with the local brethren, men who felt for the cause of God. Two 
professed to find the Lord ; and it was said two were awakened the 
first evening of the quarterly meeting. 

Sunday 15. We had a great love- feast, the women led the way. 
I preached on *' Thou koowest not the time of thy visitation." A 
larger or more attentive congregation has not, perhaps, been seen 
in these parts. I feel more than ever the necessity of preaching 
saactification. 

^ Monday 16. Rode to Chester-Town. Here I was warmly im-* 
portuned to preachy and submitting to the desire of my friends, I 
enlarged on 1 John ii. 18. and was very pointed and alarming, at 
which some.were offended. 

Vol. II. 19 



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246 HfiVr FlUVCia ASBVR1P'»J0tJElt*I<. (tfSS. 

SatordaySl. Rode to Back>Cve^ : being d^tainefd at lh» ftarty, 
I did not get iD until after nigbt, whieh made me itnwelh > 
Monday 23. Rode to Cokesbory — all is not well here. 
Saturday 28. I came to Baltimore : bere I only stopped to feed 
myself and borses, and tben proceed en to T. €■ ■ ' s^ and btd'a 
Httle rest and peace. 

Sunday 29. Contrary to my wish, I was constrained to ride to 
Annapolis, wbieh I reached about eleven o'clock, and gave tbem a 
sermon on 1 Peter iH. 1&. witb some help and liberty. 

Monday 30. We opened our distrld conference in great peace 

and love ; and so it ended. 

Tuesday 31. Came to Baltimore in a storm of rain. Whilst We 

--wece sittittg^in the room at Mr. Rogers's, in came Dr. Coke, of 

whose arrival we had not heard, and whom we embraced with 

great love. 

/ I felt awful at the general conference, which began November 

; I, 1792: At my desire they appointed a moderator, andprepMm- 

f tory committee, to keep order and bring forward the business with 

, regularity. We had heavy debates on 4he first, second, and Uurd 

sections of our form of discipline. My power to station the preaoh* 

ers without an append, was much debated, but Anally carried by a 

; very large majority. Perhaps a new bishop, new conference, and 

new laws, would have better pleased some. I bav^ been jnoeli 

grieved for others, tod distressed with the burthen I bear^ and 

' must hereafter bear. O, my soul, enter intO' rest ! Ah ! who am I, 

that the burthen of the work should lie on my heart, bands^ and 

' bead? 

' Thursday 8. Having taken cold, and had my rest broken,' T went 
tb bed to bring on a free perspiration ; and from this I recefved 
belief, my soul breathed unto God ; and I was exceedingly happy 
in his love. Some individuids among the preachers having their 
jealousies about my influence id the conference, i gave the matter 
wholly up to them, and to Dr. Coke, who presided : meantime I 
sent them the fellowing letter. 

My dear brethren, 
Let my absence give you no pain«— Dr. Coke presides* I am 
happily excused from assisting to make laws by which myself am to 
be governed: I have only to obey and execute. I am happy ia 
the consideration that I never stationed a preacher through enmily, 
or as a punishment. I have acted for the glory of God, the good 



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J 7021] RRVi FlUSGtS ASBtJRY 's JOURS AIL.. 147 

of the*$eci|^^ iRh) to gemote (lie usdulneis of the Jireacheni. 
Are you sore, tbat if joa please yourselireSy that the people will 
be as fully satisfied ? They often aay^ *< let us have such a preach- 
:er ;'' and sometiineSy *^ we will not have such a preacher'— we will 
66oDer pay him to «tay at home." Perhaps I mu$t say, " his api- 
peai forced him upon you." I am one-^ye are many. 1 am as 
jviijliog to aerve yon as ever. I want bot to sit in any man's way.. 
I flcom to solicit votes : I am a very tremblings poor creature to 
he«r praiae op diapraise. Speak your roibds freely ; but remember, 
j^d are only making laws ibr the present time : it may be, that as 
ID aome other things, so io this, a future day may.give you further 
Jigiit 

I am ydurs, &c. 

Ffaitcis Asbusly, 

u i ain not fond of altereations-r-we cannot please every body-^ 
miA flometimes, not ourselves : I am resigned. 
• Mr. O^KeUy being disappointed in not getting an appeal from 
any action made by Ine^ withdrew from the connexion, and went 
AiQE. For himselfi the conference well knew he could not com- 
ptainof the regulation : he had been located to the south district 
!0f Virginia for about ten ' succeeding years; and upon his plan, 
n^^t have located himself, and any preacher, or set of preachers, 
to the £strict, whether thet people wished to have them or not. 

The general conference went through the Discipline, Articles 
of Failh^ Forms of Baptism, Matrimony, and the- Burial of the 
Dead ; as also the OfSces of Ordination. The conference ended 
to peace, after voting another general conference to be hjeld four 
years hence. By desire of my brethren, I preached once on 1 
Peter ui. ft^ ^ My mind was kept in p^ce, and my soul enjoyed 
rest in the Strong Hold. 

Thursday 15. I was comforted at the women's class-meeting : I 

appointed three prayer meetings for Aem, sister K , O — ^^^ 

and F , to be the leaders of them : if thk is regularly attended 

to, I think good will follow. 
Friday 16. I left Baltimore, and, contrary to my first intention, 

called on the widow H , whose daughter was awakened the 

last time I was here, and still continues to be happy io the Lord. 
I met the sisters here, and urged prayer meeting: perhaps it was 
for this I unexpectedly came here. 

Virginia. — Saturday, 17. Brother Ira Ellis and myself came on 
to c4nrgetown ; and thence to Alexandria, making a ride of fortjr 



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1 43 REr. FRASCIS ASBVRY'S. JOUlLKAL. [t T0t. 

milecL Here the preachers were wattiog for the diitrkt confe- 
rence. 

Sunday 18. I preached in our smallj neatly finished hoase. 

Monday 19. We had a close sitting in conference, and completed 
our work in one day. 

Tuesday 20. We set out southwardly : the day was verjr 
stormy, and we had a gale in crossing the River at Cdchester^and 
came to our newly made friend Ward's, near Dumfries. 

Wednesday 2L Six of us set out, and rode fifty* three miles io 
D. Dickinson^s, in Caroline county — so much for an American 
€piscopo9, Trav.elling in such haste^ I could not be as much ib 
mental prayer as J desired \ although I enjoyed many moments of 
sweet converse with God. 

The mischief has begun : brother — ^ called here and vented 
his sorrows, and told what the general conference had done. I 
was closely employed in reading " The Curse of Divisions," and. 
my Hebrew Bible. 

Sunday 25. Came to Manchester ; and preached in the after- 
noon, and felt life amongst the people, and the preachers who 
were met for the district conference. I met the preachers in band» 
and found their fears were greatly removed : union and love pre- 
vailed, and all things went on well. W. M*Kendree and R. H 

sen^ me their resignation in writing. We agreed to let our dis^ 
pleased brethren still preach among us ; and as Mr. O'Kelly is 
almost worn out, the conference acceded to ^ly proposal of giving 
him his ^ £40 per annum, as when he travelled in the connexion, 
provided he was peaceable, and forbore to excite divisions among 
the brethren. The general conference and the district confe- 
rences have kept us a long time from our work ; but after all 
Satan's spite, I think our stfting and shaking will be ft)r good : I 
expect a glorious revival will take place in America, and thousands 
be brought to God. 

Thursday 29. Came to Petersburg — Myself, and several others 
preached during our stay. 

Saturday, December 1. I had a few attentive hearers at brother 
Bonner's, of whom I inquired, ** Where is the blessedness ye 
spake of." ' 

Sunday 2. Rode fifteen miles to G 's chapel, where we had 

a full house^ and I felt life and love in speaking to the young peo* 

* For a part of that year he recelFed it, but rftfitsed, and left us to form a new and 
pttrechnrcb. J^ 



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IT92;] REV. rtUNCis asbtjky's journal. 149 

pk. I lodged ':«rith brother G--— *, and was very miich moved to 
lay a plan for a district scbooL 

Mooday 3; Preaclied at R— ^ — 's chapel : cold house and lan- 
guid people. Came to brother Coxe's in the evening. I am not 
consciouii of inward or. outward sin, yet I do not feel that inward 
life 1 wish. I have lately read our " Cure of Church Divisions.'^ 
and much of the word of God. • 

Tuesday 4. Preached at Mabry's chapel ; and the next day at 
J. Mason's, where we had a full house and a comfortable time. 

Thursday 6. Rode through the rain to Edward Drumgold's : 
iiere I found a few friends and formed a constitution for a District 
school, which, with a Httle alteration, will form a general rule for 
any part of the continent. 

Saturday 8. I once more visited Owen My rick, whose wife is 
gone, and from all we can learn, departed in a good old age, in 
tf kimpli to glory :' the dear old man is much dispirited. We spent 
the evening together very solemnly, remembering the occurren- 
ces of nineteen years ago, now gone as yesterday — 

** Short as the watch that ends die night 
Be£>re the rising sun.** 

The cause of his slaves was not forgoften. 

Sunday 9. I came once more to Roanoak chapel, and gave them 
a discourse on Eph. ii. IS. R. and I. Eilis gave an exhortation : 
I oiet the society. W6 then rode six miles and got to Qur quar- 
ters about sunset. 

Monday 10. We crossed Roanoak at Black's ferry, and directed 
our course for Lewisburg. We passed Warrin|ton, and missed 
our way. We remembered the name of mllram Myrick, and 
inquiring after him, found he lived nearly on our way ; we ac-' 
cordingly called on him, and were gladly received, and kindly en- 
tertained. — Memory is good in distress — had we not housed here, 
we should have had our difficulties in getting to sister L 's. 

Tuesday 11. Rode to H *s, near Lewisburg. Here 1 met 

the preachers in conference, and were closely employed unti^l • 
Saturday morning. We had about forty preachers from the two 
districts in North Carolina. Our' labours finished, we rode to 
Neuse-River. 

Sunday 16. Preached at Merritt^s. 

Monday 17. Rode .fifteen miles to S -'s— preached on C3irist, 

the believer's msdomy righteousness^ sanctificationf and redemption. 



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loO REV. mktfCtS ASBURV'9 JOVRVAXr. [179^ 

We bad a di£kult road in going to Haw-Rtr^r, bat a kind prgri^ 
deDce brought us along very well, although the weather was ex^ 
oeedibgly cold : we crossed the stream by fording, about half past 

eight o'clock, and about ten arrived at R *8, very cold aadia 

Cnach pain. — I know not why, but so it is, that i cannot feel that i 
bold such sweet communion with God in cold weather as in warnd ; 
it may be that — • 

«* Nature beiDg opprest'd, 
Commands the miod to suffer with the body.'* 

The great lore and union which prevailed at the late conference 
makes me hope many souls will be converted in the ensoing year : 
an account was brought in of the conversion of about three hundred 
souls last year within its limjts— chiefly in the Lowland circiuts.-^ 
Glory be to God I I feel that he is with us ; and I have good evh 
dence that fiAeen or eighteen hundred souls have professed to have 
been converted in the United States within the last twelve months. 
At Rainey's a congregation of willing, patient souls was called 
hastily together, to whom I preached on 2 Peter i. 4. — I was led out 
on the corruption that is in the world, arising from three grand sour- 
ces, — the lust of the flesh ; the lost of the eye ; and the pride of life. 

Wednesday 19. I was detained until about ten o'clock, a«d 
then rode on to S 's, and dined : we then hastened on to Deep- 
River, and lodged at Mr. B ■ *s. Lord, show kindness to those 
who have succoured me ! 

Thursday 20. I took a route along a new path below the Nar* 
rows of Pee Dee ; and after riding forty -five or fifty miles, cattle 
ID, cold and hungry, about seven o'clock, and found a congrega- 
tion waiting : I uuis Jatigued, and could say but little to them. 

Friday 21. I rode thirty miles to Rocky-River — ^had few to 
hear. 

Saturday 22. The people were attentive and behaved well at 
Anson court-house. — ^In the evening we had a weary ride to bro- 
ther Jackson's. 

Sunday 23. We attended from ten till one o'clock m a house 
built of polei — here were light and ventilators plenty. We toi^ 
this evening twenty miles to Mr. Blakeney's : the rain caught 
us in the woods, and we were well steeped. Arriving, we found 
a good house, table, and bed, which was some relief to weather- 
beaten pilgrims. 

Christmas eve. We rode in the rain twenty-five miles to our 
kind brother Horton's, and foudd many people had gathered. 



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I 



ITtd.) Riv. nuiicss 4flmiv't jovtvii,. Ul 

' Sevva OARot.iiiA.-«X!bn9tma» day* Akhoiigh the vealhwr wwi 
oold and damp, and mihealthy, witb ngns of soow, we Tode forty* 
fire miles to dear brother Rembert'f-^kind and good, rich and 
iiberal, who has done more for the poo? Methodists than any maa 
Id Sovth Carolina. The Lord grant that he, with his whole 
liontehold, may find mercy in that day. 

Wednesday 26. Preached at quarterly meeting on I Peter i7* 
13. 1 was pleased to hear the yeung men exhort and sing after 
sacrament. I fetft nncommenly melted-^tears inTolohtarily burst 
from my eyes. God wa» there. 

Thnrs^y 27. I had a long, cold ride of forty-fire miles to hro- 
tber Bowman's, near SaMee. I was overtaken on my way by rain 
mingled with hail, which ended in snow, corering the ground six 
or eight inches deep. The nnfii^isbed state of the houses, lying 
on the floor, thin clothing, and inclement weather, keep me in a 
etate of indisposition. 

Friday 28. We had to cross Saotee, and ride thirty-five miles to 
d^ar sister Browings's. The weather still very cold. 

SatuiHiay 29. Rode thirty-three miles to Charleston, and found 
e<iF Uttle flock in peace, and a small revival amongst them. 

Mr. Hammett has raised a grand house, and has written an ap- 
ipeal to the British conference. He represents Dr. Coke as a 
saerilegieus tyrant and murderer, I have no doubt but the Doctor 
will be able to make good his cause. As to Hammett, time will 
ahow the man, and the people who have made lies their refuge. 

^ Sunday 30. Brother 1. S preached in the forenoon, in the 

afienoon I said a little on Isai. ix. 6, 7. The btlacks were hardly 
restrained from crying out aloud. O that God would bless the 
wild and wicked inhabitants of this city I I am happy to find that 
our principal friends have increased in religion. Accounts from 
Philadelphia are pleasing — souls are converted to God. There is 
dso a move in New- York, and their numbers are daily increasing. 
On reviewing the labours of the last six weeks, I find we have 
rested about fourteen days at conferences, and rode at least seven 
bundred miles. 

January 3, 1793. From Wednesday, December 31, to this day, 
Sunday excepted, we sat in conference in this city. 

Friday 4. I was unwell, yet I set out and reached Mr. G ^s, 

on Edisto-River. A few people met me here in the evening, but 
I was unwell and weary, and sleepy, and very unfit for public 
exercise. 



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152 ABv* raurcx9 asborv's jovAiiikX<v [l7Sd» 

Satniday 5. Rode fifly miles to R '8» and rested on the Sab- 
bath. I had a meeting with eigbt or ten souls. The people in 
these parts are much givenr ap to sin ; tbey have a little charity 
for the Baptists, but none at alitor the Methodists. 

Monday 7. We rode thirtj-se?en miles to T ^'s ; where, ha^ 

we not begged and promised to pay well for it, I know not if wis 
should have been taken in. 

Georgia. — Tuesday 8. We passed Augusta, and rode thirty- 
seven miles to H 's, where we were treated kindly. Thence, 

next day, to Washington, forty-four miles. I was takeli ill at bro- ' 
ther M ^'s. ^ 

Thursday 10. Met our dear brethren in conference. We had 
great peace and union : the Carolina preachers came up to change, 
with those in Georgia : all things happened well. Bless the Lord, 
O my soul! We now agreed to unite the Georgia and South Cdr 
roUna conferences— to meet in the fork of Seleuda and Broad 
Rivers, on the first of January, 1794. Our sitting ended in ex- 
ceeding great love. 

Sabbath 13. We had sacrament, love-feast, and ordination. I felt 
very serious, and was very pointed on Acts xx. 26, 27. 1 have 
now had an opportunity of speaking in Washington : most of the 
people attended to hear this man that rambles through the United 
States. In due time I shall, with permission, visit Georgia. 

Monday 14. I preached in the new house at Grant's, on '* He 
that overcometh shall inherit all things, and I will be his God, and 
he shall be my son." 

1. The Christian soldier has to overcome the world, sin, and 
the devil, with his temptations. 

2. He fights under the banner of Christ, who is the Captain of 
his salvation. 

3. His armour is described by St. Paul, Ephes. vi. 

4. His inheritance— Christian tempers, and the things promised 
to the seven churches ; and finally, glory— '^ Will be his God"—- 
giving him wisdom, truth, love — ** He shall be ray son" — a son 
partakes of the nature and property of the father, and doeth bis 
will : so it is with those who are the children of God, 

- Our dear Georgia brethren seem to think some of us shall visit 
them no more : they appear to be much humbled, and will not 
give up the travelling preachers. I am now bound for Savannah ; 
where 1 may see the former walks of a dear Wesley and Wbite,- 
field, whom 1 hope to meet in the new Jerusalem. 



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ini^ IIKV. VAAVCItl ASilimt's JOVRMAL. 153 

Wednesday 16. We bad to swim Long-Creek. We had few to 

bear at H *s ; but they felt the word, and we had a good time. 

When the weather is open and the sun shines, the days are gene- 
rally warm in this country, but the nights are cold, and the houses 
open. 

Saturday 19, Was taken up in reading Ostenrald's Christian 
Theology ; it is simple, plain, and interesting. 

Sunday 20. 1 preached at Bethel on Peter ii. 24, 25. I had ar'foll 
congregation, and great freedom in speaking : the house was a mi- 
serable one. 

Wednesday 23. I came to Buckhead : a few people had gather- 

ed, to whom I gave an exhortation. Reached J 's ; making it 

thirty-three miles without refreshment, being out from seven to 
seven o'clock again. 

Friday 25. I rode fifteen miles to my very loving friend brother 

D 's : here my mind was exercised with what I heard and felt. 

^r. Matthews wrote brother D he had been taught my iniquity^ 

ib which Mr. H (his brother) gave his sanction. And why was 

l\hus charged ? — Because I did not establish Mr. Wesley's absolute 
authority over the American connexion : — for myself, this I had 
suboutted to ; but the Americans were too jealous to bind them- 
selves to yield to him in all things relative to church-government. 
Mr. Wesley was a man they had never seen — was three thousand 
miles ofif— how might sjubmission, in such a case, be expected ?-~ / 

Brother Coke and myself gave offence to the connexion by enfor- j 
ctng Mr. Wesley's will in some matters ; for which I do not blame 
Mr. Wesley : — ^like other great men he had his elbow friends ; and 
like other people I had my enemies. 

Tuesday 29. We reached Savannah. Next day I rode twelve 
miles along a fine, sandy road to view the ruins of Mr. Wbitefield's 
Orphan-House ; we found the place, and having seen the copper- 
plate, which I recognized, I felt very awful : the wings are yet 
standing, though much injured, and the school-house still more. It 
is reported that Mr. Whitefield observed, whilst eating his last din- 
ner in the house, ** This bouse was built for God ; and cursed be 
the man that ppts it to any other use." The land for the support 
of the school is of little value, except two rice plantations, which 
we passed in our route. 

I returned to Savannah, and preached on Luke xix. 10. to a seri- 
ous people, with whom I had liberty. 

Friday, February 1. 1 came to Ebenezer ; and had a pleasing 
interview with Mr. Bergman; he cannot speak much English. 
Vor.. II. 20 



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15i ' REV. FRANCIS ASBURY'S JOVttTAt. [17^3* 

The Lord has certainly something in design for this maD, moreifaaii 
to be buried in this place. We rode through rice plantations for 
nearly two miles, and were entangled in the swamp.— O, ho«r 
dreadful to be here in the dark ! 

Saturday 2. I am not enough in prayer. I have said more than 
Was for the glory of God concerning those who have left the Ame- 
rican connexion, and who have reviled Mr. Wesley, Mr. Fletcbery 
Doctor Coke, and poor me. O, that I could trust the Lord ooore 
than I do, and leave his cause wholly in his own hands ! 

This being Saturday, we rest to read and write, having rode» since 
Monday morning, about one hundred and twenty-four miles. 

I reflected upon the present ruin of the Orphan-House ; and 
taking a view of the money expended, the persons employed, the 
preachers sent over, I was led to inquire where are they ; and how 
has it sped ? The earth, the army, the Baptists, the Church, the 
Independents, have swallowed them all up at this mndmill end of' 
the continent. A wretched country this— but there are souls, pre- 
cious souls, worth worlds. 

I was o£fered the use of the court-house to preach in, but Ae 
night being cold and windy, prevented : I preached at Mr. M — ]a» 
We want a house here, which I expect we shall obtain. I suppose 
there are five hundred houses of all sorts ; and if 1 guess well, 
about two thousand inhabitants. There is one Lutheran church 
with, perhaps, fifty or sixty members. Goshen church is about 
forty by twenty- five, well finished : Mr. B' and the congrega- 
tion have given it to us, on condition that we supply them with 
preaching on Sabbath-days — once in two, or even three weeks. 

I lodged at our kind W— ^ — 's. Crossed the Savannah at the 
Sister-Ferry ; and came on to Blackswamp, and in the dark got 
pretty well scratched by the trees. 

South Car6lina. — Sunday 3. Preached at Blackswamp church 
on 2 Cor. iii. 9. : the subject was pointed ; and the people were 
attentive. 

Monday 4. I preached at Purisburg to a full house : some of 
the women appeared to feel the word. We had a heavy ride : I 
was faint, and low-spirited at the view which I could not fail to take 
of tlie state of professors and sinners. I had about fiifty bearers, and 
was invited to a friend's house, but thought it best to pursue my jour- 
ney . We came to the Salt-Ketthers bridge, where we stopped tb pay 
our fare — but Oh, the scent of rum — and men filled with it ! How 
shocking ! Who could enter such a house ! I hoped for aoiet 
private entertainment at Red-Hill ; but the gentleman refuseUl to 



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1Ti93.] RET. FRAHCIS ASBURY*S JOVRNAt. 165 

iKjceive US for love, money, or hospitality's sake. 1 then sent 
brother E. to know if we could get in at the next negro-qtiarter : 
into the honse we might be permitted to enter, but we could get 
no com for our horses, and no bed for ourselves : overseers dare 
not, and their employers will not receive strangers : they are too 
proud to sell, and too covetous to give. At length we providen- 
tially reached a Mr. C 's, a schoolmaster and minister : we 

bought some corn for our horses, and had tea, and bread and 
cheese for ourselves. I saw some beautiful boys at this house : 
liadihes^ children the opportunity of a northern education, what 
choice young men they might make. I was happy in the house, 
and pleased with two poor blacks, who were much moved under 
prayer. Next morning I set out about six o'clock, and passing the 
Fishpond, we came on slowly to Parker's ferry. I found my ap- 
pointment to meet brother Jackson was not properly made ; and as 

it was out of my way, I made a sudden turn to G 's, on Edisto- 

Riv^r. After dinner I met with who offered to be our 

guide ; but when 1 began to show him his folly and the dangerous 
state of his soul, he soon left us, and we had to beat our way 
tbrough the swamps as well as we could : he said, he had killed a 
mBffm worth £60, and a valuable horse with racing. Pushing on 
we found our way to the ferry, and crossed about eight o'clock. 

I laid ine down at nine, and rose again at seven o'clock in the 
morning and set out : travelling through heavy rains, deep swamps 
in dark nights, makes both man and beast feel the effect of yester- 
day's journey of forty-five miles. My mind has been severely 
agitated this tour ; I have rode about six hundred and fifty miles 
in one month, lacking one day. 

Friday 8. Charleston. I have got through Mr. Wesley's Journal 
as far as 1782. Finding the subscription set on foot at the con- 
ference to purchase a burying-ground and build a house, was likely 
to succeed, we began to think about looking out for a lot. I also 
see a prospect of stationing two preachers here. 

Sunday 10. I preached with some life on Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 26. 
but alas ! the people are so dissipated, and so ignorant of Gospel 
truth, that it is difficult to preach to them; but I cannot spare, 
though they keep their course to hell. At night I spoke on Isaiah 
vi. 8^—10. Our congregation consists of five hundred souls and 
upwards ; three hundred being black. 

I have seen Mr. Johnson, the last President of the Orphan- 
House in Georgia, who confirmed what I had written respecting 
it. 



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]66 REV. FRANCIS A5BURT'« JOVRVAX.. '[tt93. 

CharlestOD is a groi^iog, busy, dreadfully dissipated pla^e. Tbe 
printed list of vessels in the harbour sets forth, 63 sbips» $5br%p« 
25 sloops, SaschooDerSy 7 sQows, and 2 bftrqiQes, berides {Mlot- 
boats and coasters. 

Monday 11. Met the women's class,, white and Mack, and bad a 
powerful meeting. They agreed to hold a prayer^meetiog, once 
a week, amongst themselves. 

Tuesday 12. I make it pny work to visit every aflemooB* I 
happily met with Mr*. Wesley's Journal, bringing the date down to 
two years before his death. I could not but specially notice that 
his latter days were more abundant in labours ; and that he 
preached in places formerly unnoticed. He made this observa- 
tion, (so fixed on my mind) that it is rare—- a mere miracle, for a 
Methodist to increase in wealth and not decrease in grace. I have 
now read the third volume of Gordon's History ; Burnham's Se- 
lect Martyrology ; and Memoirs of dying Saints. We have two 
hundred and seventeen travelling preachers ; and about fifiy 
thousand members in the United States. Glory to God in the 
highest ! 

Saturday 16. I met the stewards and leaders : it was s^seed 
that every other meeting should be purely spiritual^-Hspeakiog 
experience and opening theii^ hearts to each other. 

Sunday. 17. I preached on Romans iii. 11 — 21. In the evening 
was very low, but very plain on Luke xvi. 31* The buiklti^ of 
a new house, and stationing another preacher in this «ity, aod the 
state of this and the Georgia districts, with things relative to indi- 
viduals in this society, do not work to my mind ; I felt as if the 
charm was near breaking — some wish union; others will come 
back. The union most first take place with Dr. C. then with the 
British conference, and then with the American : — 1 ask ; who 
made us twain, and strove to scatter fire-brands, arrows, and death, 
through the whole continent ? 

Wednesday 20. I had an interview with Doctor A. who caqie 
from the north for his health ; seeing him so low, and fearing he 
would die if he stayed here, I hastily invited him to ride o«rt into 
the country with me. 

Thursday 21. We left the city on small horses, with heavy bag- 
gage. We came to the Cypress-Swamp in the night, following a 
poor negro, who waded through as a ^nide, and not expecting to 
find it as bad as it was : at length we came to sister B*— -— 's, and 
were kindly received ; I found no appointments were made forme, 
owing to brother — being sick. 



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1^3.] REV. Tf^AXmB ASHURy's JOURNAf. Id7 

Friday 22. We tat out for Santee, bat mused our way, end took 
tte toad to FourholdS'Bridge, being six miles out of our coarse* 
We again directed our course to Saatee ; end after coming irithiti 
aight of Blanagoe's ferry, Ttook a wrong road, and went three miles 
up the rifier. We came to Mr. H.'s, where we were comfortable 
and had whatever we wanted. 

Saturday 2S. We had our difficulties in getting across the rirer ; 
the oFcrseer had moved the flat to the middle ground, and would 
not suffer any one to have it ; I entreated him in behalf of the 
sick, but in vaia« Had we waited a few nunutes longer, our dear 
brother B. would have been there to conduct us. i have lately 
bad cross winds ; the roads, myself, Satan, and my sick companion, 
Dr. A-^-^, have all been matter of trial to me. 

Sunday 24. I preached the funeral of our brother B , on 

Isaiah Ivii. 1« The congregation was large and attentive, but ap- 
peared stupid and unfeeling. 

Monday 25. Came to brother B -*s, the weather as sultry as 

in the month of July in the north. We rode thirty miles. 

Thursday 28. The weather was exceedingly cold, so that we 
declined going to the chapel, but had a comfortable meeting at bro- 
ther R— — 's on Ephes. vi. 10—20. 

Saturday, March 2> We crossed the water at E-^-^'s ferry, and 
came to father M-~'s, an Englishman, from Epworth; who was 
formerly converted, but living under Antinomtan dotages, he lost 
the blessing* I trust the Lord hath again restored him by means 
of our labours. Here we have a chapel and society. 
. Sunday 3. This day was rainy, yet nearly four hundred souls 
came together ; but I could not fix the attention of the people, nor 
get them to understand. , 

Monday 4. Came to H 's, and thence through Columbia, 

the cafMtal of South Carolina. Brother Ellis, who is nearly risen 
from the dead, accompanied me from M— — 's : having left one sick 
man,. I now take up another. We came to a house five miles from 
Columbia ; we got a Uttle bread, drank our own tea, had our horses 
fed, and paid two dollars next morning — so the matter ended. 

Tuesday 5. We had our difficulties in crossing the river, which 
was rising ; and in beating up Cedar-Creek fifteen miles, much of 
it through the woods : in the evening, we came greatly wearied to 
R--1 — 's, and were kindly entertained ; it may be that Providence 
sent us here for some good — the man and his wife feel the want 
of religion. 



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156 REV. FAANCI8 ASBVllV^S JOVRNAL. [ttdS. 

Wednesday 6. We came to Litlie-River-Bridge ; crossed at 
S-— ^^''s ferry, and at length came, thoroaghly wearied, to brother 
Finches* I expect we ha^e been forced to ride twenty or thirty 
miles out of our way among strangers on account of high waters ; 
my mind has been rarioudy tried : I have been en^loyed in 
improving myself in the Hebrew tones and points ; this being my 
horse-back study. 

Thursday 7. Preached at F 's. I consulted the minds of oar 

brethren' about building a house for conference, preaching, and a 
district school ; but I have no ground to believe that our well-laid 
plan will be executed ; our preachers are unskilful, andour friende 
have little money. 

Friday 8. The rains continued, and the waters kept up» crossed 
Enoree ; high — and rising powerfully — Tyger River being impass- 
able, we rode to Cokesbridge, and had a-hungry time-r-came to 
brother W 's, near Union court-hoyse. 

I next day preached to a few people at the open meeting-hoase, 
with some spiritual opening and sweetness. We were closely end- 
ployed in writing subscriptions for the district school, and copies 
of the constitutions. Great rains still continue. 

Thursday 14. I preached at Flat-Rock, in an open house, to an 
unfeeling people. Thence we came to Facolet : the waters were 
up ; but for our money we got across in a flat that had drifted and 
was taken up. 

Friday 15. Came to Father S *s, a German ; first a Baptist^ 

then a Methodist, but last, and best of all, a Christian. 

Saturday 16, and Sunday 17. Attended quarterly meeting in 
Union circuit. There were no elders present. I preached on 
£ph. vi. 10 — 18. and felt a great death among the people. Sun- 
day, we administered the sacrament and held love-feast. I de- 
sired D. A to preach, and brother G to exhort, whilst I 

retired to write to I. S , desiring him to take the president- 
ship of Union, Catawba, Little Pee Dee, Great Pee Dee, Anson, 
and Santee circuits. 

The people hereabouts have been poorly handled by those 
who, whilst they made a great profession of religion, main- 
tained Antinomian principles and practice. 1 have been unwell, 
occasioned by the change of seasons, houses, and tablesv Came 
to brother M.'s, on Sunday evening, to get a day of rest. I 
feel the want of religion in families, congregations, and societies. 
I have travelled about three hundred miles the last three weeks ; 



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1793.] REV. FRANCIS ASBI^Rt's JOURNAL. 159 

and hare escaped the excessive. rains, but have had to wrestle with 
doods. 

North Carolina.^— Monday 18. I spent in writing sundry letters 
to the north ; and in my favourite study. 

Tuesday 19. I had a full house at L 's. I felt very unfit 

for public exercises, both in body and mind. I have little desire 
to come here again : — we can hardly get entertainment. We want 
brethren and children here. A woman invited us to her house, 
but when I understood the distance, I determined to haste along, 
and made it about thirty miles to F.'s, in the cove of the mountsun ; 
where we rested in peace, after getting a little Indian bread, fried 
bacon, and drinking some of our tea. Our lodging was on a bed 
set upon forks and clap-boards laid across, in an earthen floor 
cabin. — But worse than all the rest, these people decline in reli- 
gion. I feel awful for them on this account. Next morning about 
sunrise we took the path up the mountain. 

I sent D. A. to Dr. Busnell's to inquire if there was any expec- 
tation of my coming to Burke to preach ; for being indisposed, I 
intended to turn aside to Johns-River. D. A. returned ; and the 
Doctor's nephew pursued, and brought us to town, where I gare 
them a plain, pointed sermon on *^ The Son of man is come to seek 
and save that which was lost :" every one, young and old, lawyers, 
doctors, and clerks, were obliging, attentive, and serious. Doc- 
tor Busnell is a man I have heard of these twenty years, but 
knew him not lyntil now.—He descended from the Bohemians. 
His son Joseph was happily brought home to God by means of the 
Methodists ; he lived to God, and died in Winchester about twelve 
months ago. The Doctor's usage to me was that of a gentleman 
and Christian. The transition with respect to entertsfinment was 
very great: here we had a table, bed, room, and whatever we 
wanted ; but all this could not give me rest, having a return of my 
rheumatic and nervous complaints. 

Friday 22. Rode up to Johns- River ; I am heavy ; cannot attend 
study nor mental prayer, and company is irksome. — ^Oh ! that my 
soul were always flaming with perfect love. In the evening eight 
of us met together and conversed on the work of God : all was 
love. Brother P. gave us an animating sermon on '* By whom 
shall. Jacob arise ? for he is small.^' 

Sunday 24. I preached on 1 Cor. xiv. 3. there was a noise, and a 
shaking each day : some were awakened, one professed to be con- 
verted, and several to be quickened : the meeting lasted from nine 
A. M. to four o'clock P. M. ** While he was yet speaking there 



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]60 BBV. FIUNCI0 ASBURT'S JOVAlTiX. [1*795. 



.1 



cama also another." I beard there was. a eonference appointed bX 
Reese's chapel, in Charlotte coantj, Virginia, to form what they 
^ali a free constitution, and a pore church ; and to reject me and 
my creatures. I know not whose hand is in this ; I h<^e they will . 
call themselves by another name. Onl^ let them settle in eongre- 
ga^ons, and tax the people^ and I know how it will work. If we 
(the itinerant connexion) would give the government into the 
hands of a local ministry, as some' would have it) and tax the peo- 
ple to pay preachers for Sabbath work— this would please such 
men : but this we dare not do. Whenever the people are iinwill* 
ing to receive us, and think they can do better, we will quietly 
withdraw from them ; and if those who wish the change can serve 
them better than we have done, well. Perhaps some of them may 

think with , in Geox^ia, that I am the greatest villain on the 

continent ; I bid such adieu, and appeal to the bar of God. I have 
no time to contend, having better work to do : if we lose som%$ 
children^ God will give us more. Ah ! this is the mercy, the jus-, 
tice of some, who, under God, owe their all to me, and my tyrants, . 
so called. The Lord judge between them and me ! There nppewc^ 
to be a. general quickening in the Yadkin circuit, and about eigbt- 
souls have professed conversion there in the last three months. 

Monday 25« I rested and prepared to cross the Harmon harim^^ 
the multitude of mountains. 

Tuesday 26. We wrought up the meanders of Johns*River to 
the Globe, and met a few people at Mr. Moor's, a Baptist, a very 
kind head of a respectable family. 

Wednesday 27. We began our journey over the great; ridge of 
mountains ; we had not gone far before we saw and f<^lt the snow, 
the sharpness of the air gave me a deep cold, not unlike ap influenza. 

We came to the head of Watauga-River. Stopped at Mr. S ^'s, 

and bad some enlargement oa *^ The promise is to you and to your 
children," Sac My soul felt for these neglected people. It may 
be, by my coming this way. Providence will so order it, that I 
shall send them, a preacher. We hasted on to Cove's Creek, in- 
vited ourselves to stay at C 's, where we made our own tea, 

obtained some butter and milk, and some most excellent Irish po- 
tatoes: we were presented with a little, flax for our beds, on 
which we spread our coats and blankets, and three of us slept 
before a lai;ge fire. 

Thursday 28. We made an early start) and came to the Beaver- 
Dam ; three years ago we slept here in a cabin without a cov^ 
We made a breakfast at Mr. W 's ; and then attempted the 



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1199.] REV. FEANOlfi ASBURy'sr JOVRNAt. I6| 

iron or stooe jBiOQot«in> wbich ig steep like the roof of a lio^8e» I 
fOQod it difficqlt and tryiDg to ipy langs to walk up it. D^scendi^ 
tbe ffloUntain we Bad to jqrap down the steep stairs, froiji two to 
tbree and four feet. At the foot of this mountain our guide left as 
to a man oo foot ; he soon declined, and we made the best of our 
way to Dagger's ford, on Roans-Creek. We came down the riyer« 
where there are plenty of large, roand, rolling stones, and the 
stream was rapid. jMfy horse began to grow dull: An intermit- 
tent fever and a deep cold disordered me much. I was under 
obligations to Henry Hill* my ^ew aid, who was ready to do any 
thing for me in his power. Perhaps Proyidence moved him to 
offer to travel with me, and his father to recommend him. Twenty 
years ago 9 rode, open loft did not affect me — now it seldom fails 
to iBJure me. 

Tennesseic.-- Friday 29. We took our journey deliberately. 
We passed Doe-River at the fork, and came through the Gap^^a 
opuost gloomyseene— not unlike the shades of death in the Alle- 
ghany mountain. Mr. L , a kind Presbyterian, fed our horses 

gratis. I must gi?e the t^resbyterians the preference for respect 
to mimtters. We prayed « and f^ame on to ■ . ♦ a kind people ; 
hot to our sorrow we fiod it low times for religion on Holstein afeid 
Watauga Rivers. In Oreen circuit there is some increase. My 
way Opens ; and I think I shall go to Kentucky. I laid my hands 
on what is called " The Principles of Politeness," imitated from 
Chesterfield : it contains some judicious remarks, and shows the 
author to haye beeb a man of sense and education— but of no 
religion. He recommends some things contrary thei:eto. 

Tuesday, April 2. Our conference began at Nekon's, near 
Jonesborough, in the new territory. We have only four or fi:ve 
families of Methodists ^ere. We had sweet peace in our con- 
ference. 

Wednesday 3. I gave an exhortation after brothers H-— -^ and 
WH- had preached, and there was a melting among the people* 

Thursday 4. I had a happy time at my old friend C— -^'s ; I 
am pained for fais children, who are yet unconverted. 

Friday 5. Rode to Nolachucky, and attended a meeting at 
Squire E— 's, where I had about two hundred hearers. We 
have formed a society in this place of thirty-one members-— most 
of Uiem new. There are appearances of danger on the road to 
Keotucky ; but the Lord is with us. We have formed a company 
of nine men (five of whom are preachers) who are well armed 
and mounted. 

Vol. II. 21 



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IG2 REV. FIUNCIS ASBORV^S JOURNAL. [1793* 

Saturday 6. Rode 16 Green , and crossed the grand island 

ford of Nolachncky: the low lands are very rich,. the uplands 
barren. Stopped and fed at Green court-house ; here was brought 
a corpse to the grave in a covered carriage drawn by four horses: 
Solemn sight ! Be instructed, O my soul ! A whisl^ey toper 
gave me a cheer of success as one of John Wesley's congregation ! 
I came on alone through heavy rains, over bad hills and poor 
ridges, to brother Vanpelts, on Lick-Creek — he is brother to 
Peter, my old, first friend on Staten-Island : I was weary, damp, 
and hungry;" but had a comfortable habitation, and kind, loving 
people, who heard,, refreshed, and fed me. We had a large con- 
gregation at brother Vanpelt's chapel, where I had liberty in 
speaking. I left the yoiing men to entertain the people a while 
longer,^ and returned and read Mr. Wesley's Sermon on Riches. 

If reports be true, there is danger in journeying through the 
wilderness ; but 1 do not fear--rw.e go armed. If God suffer Sa- 
tan to drive the Indians on us ; if it be his will, he will teach our 
bands to war, and our fingers to fight and conquer. 

Monday 8. Our guard appeared, fixed, and armed, for the wil- 
derness. W^ /'amo flfi«>r> »/^ F iR,_Vxd JKfiJCfi^^«»eIl ^fttertntttcdr 

Thence we proceeded on to the main branch of Holstein, which 

being swelled, we crossed in aflat; thence to R ^^'s, where I 

found the reports relative to the Indians were true ; they had killed 
the post and one or two more, and taken some prisoners. I bad 
not much thought or fear about them. 

Tuesday 9. We came off ; there were only eight in our com- 
pany, and eight in the other — two wom^n and three children. 
We had two poor sinners, that set themselves to work wickedness; 
they would not let u^ go foremost ; so we took it patiently, and 
followed up to the Cumberland station. I went to Robinson's 
station, where the soldiers behaved civilly. We gave them two 
exhortations, and had prayer with them. They honoured me with 
the swinging hammock (a bear skin) which was as great a favour 
to me as the governor's bed ; here I slept well. 

Kentucky (East line) — Wednesday 10. We hasted on our way, 
meeting with our troubles at the foot of Cumberland mountain ; 
we then went foremost, and travelled at a great rate, the roads 
being uncommonly good. . We fed on the banks of Cumberlartd- 
River, and kept up the head of Rich Lands. We then pushed 
through Little and Big Laurel to the Hazle Patch, Hood's station. 
Here there was high life below stairs — talking, laughing, &c. We 
had a troop of poor, very poor sinners ; I gave dreadful offence by 



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4793.] REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL J63 

& prayer I made. After resting here from three to six, we ti;rged 
our way along the new road to Rock-Castle. Fed at the deserted 
station, and hasted to Willis Green's, but missing our way, did npt 
get in . until eight o'clock ; a supper at that time was good, and a 
bed was better, having not slept in one for three nights, and hstying 
rode one hundred miles in two days. I felt so well in the morn- 
ing 1 was ready to set out for Salt- River. I went to Danf ille, and 
$et myself down in Mr. Rice's church; thence to F. Clark's, 
ivhere I was not expected, but was quite welcome. I left my aid 
and pack horse at G— 's, to rest. 

Saturday 13. We rode thirty- three miles down to a quarterly 
meeting at Humphries chapel. Here my presence surprised the 
{brethren. The state of the work here appears to bd low. I had 
some light, life^and liberty in, preaching, andLsome felt the word. 
We closed our meeting after several bad joined in prayer. Lord 
remember the labours of this day ! Let not thy faithful word fall 
ta the ground! From the quarterly meeting we' came to Col. 
Harding's. He has been gone some time, as a commissioner, to 
treat with the Indians ; if he is dead, here is a widow and six 
children left. I cannot yet give him up for lost. We had a lai^e 

congregation at W 's, where I was led out on Psal. xxxiv. 17— 

£0. I cannot stand quarterly meetings every day— -none need de- 
sire to be an American bishop upon our plan, for the ease, honour, 
or interest, that attends the office : from my. present views and 
feelings, I am led to wish the conference would elect another 
bishop, which might afford me some help. 

Tuesday 16. Rode thirty miles without food for man or horse. 
I X was uncomfortable when i came into the neighbourhood of 
W' 's : there is a falling away among the people. Lotd help 
me to bear up in the evil day ! Let me not disquiet myself, and 
kill man and horse in vain ! 

Thursday 18. I rode sixteen miles to Clarke's station to attend 
the quarterly meeting. My winter's clothing, the beat of the 
weather, and my great exertions in travelling, cause me to be 
heavy with sleep ; yet, blessed be God, I live continually in his 
presence ; and Christ is all in tiH to my soul ! 

Friday 19.- I preached a short, pointed sermon ; and the preach- 
ers and members were moved. 

Sunday 21. We had sacrament and love-feast ; and some spoke 
much to the purpose : my subject was Hebr. vi. 4-^8. Thepongrc- 
gation was very large. I endeavoured to show, 1st. How far people 
may advance in the grace of God ; 2d. By what degrees they may 



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164 KEV. FRANCIS ASIVRT's JOI/RSAL. ^[i^M. 

apostatize ; dd, The impossibility of a recovery when tfcey mif^ 
^td certain degree of wickedoess: 1st, Becasse tbey An agaiM 
0od, Christ,, and the JStemal Spirit, and lose all they ever fete dr 
kbew ; 2d, Every meatis is lost apon (hem ^ to sin against tii# IK!- 
nedy, is fo be undone without it. The difference betvreetl ihimt 
who are recoverable and those who are not — such are not who 
detiy the work to be of God, persecute, and say the devil wai 
the author of it ; the others acknowledge the work that, it was ef 
Gdd, sind bave some regard for his people. Lastly $ that the OAly 
security pointed out by the apostles against apostacy, is to go On to 
perfection. 

Tuesday 23. I was at Bethel-*-the place intended for a school. 

Sunday 1^8. We had sacrament and love-feast, and some liviag 
tefttimonies. 

Monday 29. Rode through the rain to Lexington. I stopped at 
C. White's once more. Oh that God may help him safe to glory I 
Came to brother Morgan's. I felt awful and solemn, and jsoliie de- 
jection of mind. Ah ! want of religion is too visible in OMSt . 
houses. 

' Tuesday 30, Wedneday May 1, Thursday 2. We spent iacoot 
ference ; and in openly speaking our minds to each other. We 
ended under the melting, praying, praising power of God. We 
appointed trustees for the school; and made sundry regulationi 
relative thereto : we read the Form of Discipline through, sftctioa 
by section, in conference. 

Friday 3. I preached on Habakkuk iii. 2. I first pointed out 
the distinguishing marks of a work of God ; 2d, The subjects ; 3d^ 
The instruments ; 4th, The means. If ever I delivered my own 
(Tool, t think I have done it this day. Some people were moved in 
an extraordinary manner, shoutiog and jumping at a strange rate. 

Saturday 5. Came to Bethel to meet the trustees. 

Sunday 6. We had an awful time whilst I opened and applied 
'* Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade meo.'- 
It was a feeling, melting time, among old, and young ; and I am 
persuaded good was certainly done this day. 1 feel a good deal 
tried in spirit ; yet, blessed be God, I sti|l have peace within ; God 
is alt to me : I want more .faith to trust him with my life, and all I 
have, and am. 

Tuesdays. We rode down to the Crab Orchard, where we 
found company enough ; some of whom were very wild : we had 
a company of our own, and refused to go with them. Some of 
them gave us vfery abusive language ; and one map went upon a 



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1993.] ti&T* FRiNdii A&BUftir's jourral. 163 

hill Aote tt§, dtfd fired a jiistbl towards our eomptay. We resolvetl 
tb tfirrel id ^1* o^det^ and bdtifid oui'seltefl by bonour and con- 
flKciedcd t6 stlppott and defend eaeb 6tber ; and to see erery mail 
tblrddgifi 'tb«' wilderness, fiat we could not depend upon wicked 
"and dnprrncfpled men, wbo would leave and neglect os, and e^en 
otitisd IIS Us our fsicigs. Nor were w6 at liberty to mix with sweat*" 
eliB,nanf, drornkards ; and, for aught we know, this may not be the 
worst with soAe. W6 wer^ about fourteen or fifteen in company ; 
Mid had twehe guOs and pistols. We rode on near the defeated 
4MAp, and rested till three o^clock under great suspicion of Indians : 
W€ pushed forward ; and by ridiog fortyfi?e miles on Wednesday, 
dud about the saUie distance on Thursday, we came safe to Robin- . 
ton's station, aboUt eight o'clock. 

Friday 11. We rode leisurely from the eijge of the wilderness ; 
cro^^ed'Holstein, and about one o'clock came to brother £•— ^*s« 
it being about sixteen miles. 

' TENNE^SEE.-^Saturday 12. We came to brother Vanpelt's, with 
whom we rested on the Sabbath. I hare traveMed between five and 
flix hundred miles in the last four weeks, and have rested from 
riding fifteen days at conferences, and other places, t have been 
tnuch distressed with this night work — no regular meals, nor sleep ; 
Add it is diticult to keep up prayer in such rude companies as we 
Ikave been exposed to ; I hate also been severely afflicted throogh 
the v^ote journey. 

Monday 14. Was a day of great trial ; we rode about forty-six 

tnileS-'-stopped at , ^here, through carelessness, 1 nearly had 

^laen burnt up. 

Tuesday 15. At eleven o'clock we came to B- 's. The sub- 

j^! W8(d, ** L«t this mind be in you which was also in Christ Je* 
SOS.'* Sisters W — — -j and H •, making some clothing, and re- 
pairing my burnt rsnment n^Kt day, we could not move until eight ' 
o'clock. We then set out without a guide, missed our road, and 
came in about two o'clock : we found the people patiently watting, 
to Whom I preached on '* Ye will not come to me that ye might 
hare life." 

ViRoiKiA. — Thursday 17. Came to Abingdon-^felt very heavy ; I 
howevc^r pi>eached in the court-house to a very genteel people on 
, the words of Joshua, " Ye cannot serve God," &c. 

Saturday 19. Came to Sister Russell's — I am very solemn. I 
feel the want of the dear man, who, 1 trust is now in Abraham's 
bosont, and hope ere long to see him there. He was a general of- 
ficer in the continental army, where he underwent great fatigue : he \ 



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1€6 REV. fhaKcis asbury^s journal* [I7d3. 

was powerfolly brought to God, and for a few y^ars past was a 
living flame, and a blessing to his neighbourhood. — He went in the 
dead of winter on a visit to his friends ; was seized with an influ- 
enza, and ended his life from home— O that the Gospel may con* 
tinue in this house ! I preached on Hebr. zii. 1—4. and there fol^^ 
lowed several exhortations. We then administered the sacrament 
and there was weeping and shouting among the people : our exer- 
cises lasted about five hours. I have little rest by night or day— 
Lord, help thy poor dust! I feel unexpected storms — within 
from various quarters ; perhaps it is designed for my humiliation, 
—It is a sin in thought 1 am afraid of; none but J^sus can support 
us, by his merit, his spirit, his righteousness, his intercession, i. e. 
Christ in all, for all, through all, and in every mean, and word, and 
work. 

Monday 21. Rode to C % and was well steeped in rain : 

here I wrote a plan for a district school. 

Wednesday 23. We rode forty-five miles to H.'s, where we 
had many people. About five o'clock, on our way over the hiHs, 
we felt the rain without, and hunger within : next day we crossed 
Walker's Mountain, and in the evening met brother M*— st 
Mqnday's. 

Friday 25. Came to Rehoboth,in the sinks of Green-Briar.; 
where we held our conference. I was greatly comforted at the 
sight of brothers 6. J. and Ellis Cox. We had peace in our con- 
ference, and were happy in our cabin. I learn 4hat mischief is 
begun in the lower parts of Virginia ; J. O^Kelly, and some of the 
local preachers, are the promoters and encouragers of divisioufr 
among the brethren. 

Tuesday 29. We passed the Sweet Springs, and crossed a rough 
mountain to brother Drew's, on Pott's creek. I wrote many letters 
to the south district of Virginia, to confirm the souls of the peo- 
ple, and guard them against the division that is attempted among 
them. Came to £. Mitchel's. Crossed James* River, near the 
mouth of Craiges-Creek; but was prevented by the rain from 
pursuing our journey. We spent the evening comfortably at sister 
Fryer's. 

Friday 31. Rode forty-five miles to Moore's furnace ; and lodged 
with kind brother R. 

Saturday, June 1. We came to Staunton, a very unpleasing place 
to me. There is an Episcopal church, a court-house, good taverns 

and stores here. We went t% Mr. 's, expectigg to find a 

friend ; aAer making. the trial, we thought it best to return and 



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1793.] AfiV. FKASCIS ASBVEy's JOVftHAL; 167. 

take lodging io a tavern. Thence we proceeded on to Rocktown, a 
beautiful place ; here J felt mjself stiff, and weary, and troubled 
with rheumatic pains : sweet sleep was quite welcome. My con- 
gregation was small, the people not having proper notice of my 
coming. Satan has Keen sowing discord here, and has hindered 
the work of God ; but I hope the approaching quarterly meeting 
will be a blessing to them ; and that we shall not toil in vain. The 
loss of sleep, and other circumstances, made me very heavy, and 
brought on a sick headach, which I had not felt for some time. I 
spent the evening with Doctor Dnlany. Rose, and took the rain 
next morning as usual, having had rain for eight or ten days sue- 
cessively. On my way I was met by an old German, who shook 
me by the hand, and said he wished he might be worthy to wash 
my feet — Yea, thought I — if you knew what a poor sinful crea- 
ture I am, you would hardly look at one so unworthy, but Jesus ' 
Kves — O precious Christ — Ihou art mine and I am thine ! . 

Came to Newtown : the roads exceeding mirey, and our horses 
very tired : we are glad to get a little rest at brother Phelp's. My 
aoul has been much tried by Satan, and I am pained for the work 
of God. In my six month's travel 1 find that six acceptable preach- 
ers are preparing to settle themselves in the world, and leave the 
itinerancy. 

Thursday 6. We came to Winchester ; where they have built 
an excellent house, and we have better times than I expected : here 
nothing would do, but I must preach, notwithstanding the lanes and 
streets of the town were so filled with mire, owing to the late 
rains. 

Friday 7. We rode to Bath, that seat of sin : here we continued 
to rest ounselves : my public work was a sermon on the Sabbath. 
A number of our society from various parts being here, I have an 
opportunity of receiving and answering many letters. I am afraid 
I shall spend nine or ten days here to little purpose ; I employ ^ 
myself in reading a Kempis, and the Bible : I also have an oppor- 
tunity of going alone into the silent grove, and of viewing the con- 
tinent, and examining my own heart. I hope for some relief from 
my rheumatic complaint which has so oppressed me for six months 
past. The people here are so gay and idle, that I doubt there 
being much good done among them. The troubles of the east and 
west meet me as I pass. 

Maryland. — Sunday 17. A number of us crossed the ferry at 

the mouth of Great Capon ; and made our way through great heat 

. to Oldtown, thirty-two miles : we were obliged to ride moderately, 



I 



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.168 iszy. FB4KGift j^uv^rs ^owii^t*. [J W?- 

or th^ excfimvB w9xmKh ^ (fee iv«attier tpi^{ fi^f • kilted 9wx 
hordes* W^ ba4 ^ small pposolatioo in fiqiliog the brethren firoQi 
tbi^e districts if) -oooffBr^Qce ; whose names lu^ly w^r^ )>?ii9re 
knowp to eaph pther. 1 gave them oqe aeripop op '* frfiy fyr the 
peace of Jeru^al^m : they «baU prosper that lo?e tb^e.". Oaf f^- 
fereoce sat three cbjs sac^ssively, very cLo«ely eippWyed^ 

Friday 21, We rode thirty-five w^es to F.'s, and thirty; five i^pi^ 
the next day to Fort Littleton. Our roads are rough j I aai ^^:; 
our fare 18 coarse s but it is qpougl)— I 901. to $e. I have beeiK 
upder violent ieoipjtationS'-^LiOrd, l^eep tpe every mpiqept ! Q»x 
hor^^s were OJi)t of the way, go th^t we could not pursqe o^r jou?* 
oey. 1 was desiroqs to be doit^ good s^ewbere^ and yvj^ led 
to speak io a woman unknown to me, apd urged h^r to pr^y thrive 
times a day : she appeared tepder ; and with tear^ propiisfd 9o t» 
do— perhaps thjs labour iPay nojt be lost. I have had the happi- 
ness to hear that my labour of this kind at the widow U.\ wbeii 
there i^t, was successful, and that a woma;^ w^s wrppght ppon to 
give her^lf to God, epd fbupd fieace. We collected the litUe 
persecuted society, to whoip I preached on '^ All that will |livegp% 
in Christ Jesus shall sulfer persecution:'* they were.po^f» bRt 
very kind* Thence we proee^de^ ^ to Joeifita^s erosfed (9 M\(y 

. lin-Town, and came to H. M.'S. , 
> Thursday 20. I bad some little ti^ie to re^d* write, and pray. 
My congregation was careless and onfeeling. I enforced Pavid'e 
charge to Solomon. Methinks it ought to be with those jrh/a 
have to do with sou)s, as with a tender, feeling physfciap tbfit 
attends a patient : — does the fever rage, or the delirium contipDP? 
bis countenance is sad ; and when, labour and medicine ^1, j^nd 

. the symptoms continue or grow worse, he is then fprcedi as a skUffll 
physician, to pronounce his patient incurablerr^whibt a qu^ck Al- 
ters and sees no danger : such is the iliffecence betw^p 9 tr<ie jpf^ 
nister pf Christ and a false teacher, when applied to the soyls of 
men. * 

Thursday 27, Was to me a day of trial. We set out late j^w^rd^ 
Northumberland : night . coming on,, we stopped at Peni^-Cre^kk 
Next morning we went to Northumberland to break&st* It hap a 
little chapel (that serves as a school-house) belongipg to the SLe* 
thodists. We have a few kind, respectable friends, whose circ^9)• 
stances are comfortable. I gave them a sermon on Johp ?cif. 6.; 
and in the afternoon paid Sunbury a visit. The pepple h?re are 
altpost all Dutch. 1 was ensibled to sipeak alarming words on 
Acts iv, 12. 



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170di] REV. VKASCIS ASBURY's^ 70UEVAL. 1429 

- July 2. After .preacbmg on <* the grace of God appcariog to all 
flieo,V we wrought op the hills and narrows to Wyoming. We 
stopped at a poor house; nevertheless, they were rich enough to 
sell us a half bushel of oats, and had sense enough to make us 
pay weM for them. We reached Mr. P— — 's about eleven o'clock. 
I found riding in the night caused a return of my rheumatic com- 
plaint through my breast and shoulders. But all b well, the Lord 
is with us. 

Thursday 4. Being the anniversary of the American indepen* 
deuce, there was a great noise among the sinners : a few of us 
went down to Shawanee ; called a few people from their work, 
and found it good for us to be there. 

Sunday 7. The Lord has spoken in awful peals of thunder* 
O, what havock was made here fifteen year^ ago ! most of the 
inhabitants were either cut off, or driven away. The people might 
have clothed themselves in sackcloth and ashes the third, if in 
wUte and glory the fourth of July. The inhabitants here are 
very wicked ; but I feel as if the Lord would return. I hope bro* . 

fbers F , I , and P , will be owned of the Lord. The 

man at whose house I was to preach, made a frolicr the day before ; 
it was said he sent a mile across the river for one of his neigh- 
bours, taking him from his work, and telling him he was about to 
bleed to death : this falsity* was*invented, 1 suppose, to incline the 
man* to come : the people would not come to his house. 1 had to 
walk a mile through burning heat to preach ; I was severely ex- 
ercised in mind, hardly kDOwing where to go to get a quiet, clean 
phcetoHedown. 

Monday 8. I took the wilderness, through the mountains, up 
backawamy on the Twelve- miles Swamp ; this place is famous S>r 
dirt and lofty hemlock. We lodged in the middle of tbe swamp 

at S-- 's ; and made out better than we expected. Next morning 

ve set out in the rain, without breakfast : when we came to the 
ferry, a man took us to his house, and gave us s6me bread, butter, 
and some buckwheat, and then charged usi four shillings and two- 
pence, although we found our own tea and sugar, — the place we 
should have called at was a little further on the way. 

On the 6th, after very sultry weather, there came a whirlwind, 
^ a very great storm ; in which there fell hail of such a size 
that three stones filled a pint measure : this went through Hudson, 
**o>e distance from us. 

New^JBiiaBy.-^Wednesday 9. We came to Broadhead's, and 
^ere totally unknown ; 1 was sick, and stopped for breakfast— they 

Vol. 11, 22 



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^ 



170 REV. FAANCIS ASBUftV'd J6tr|lSA£. [1793. 

siupected we were preachers; one asked brother Hill who I waf i 
being informed, the mother, son, and daughter came ranoing with 
tears to speak with me. — I stopped, «Qd gave them a sermon at 
Marbletown. I foand the work of God going on among the Low 
Ddtch : — these, of all the people in America, we have done the 
least with. 

New- York. — ^Saturday 12. W6 rode to Coejman's Patent^ we had 
a good quarterly meeting ; many newly converted souls testified of 
the goodness of God, and of the power of his grace. From thence 
to Albany with reluctance ; and lectured, being Sabbath evening : 1 
felt the wickedness of the people : but we had a melting sensoa 
among the preachers in our conference. Great changes will be made 
among the preachers from this conference ; some will be sent to 
New-Jersey; others to Rhode-Island and Massachusetts. The 
people of Albany roll in wealth: they .have no heart to invite 
any of the servants of God to their houses ; unless a great change 
should take place, we shall have no more conferences here. I am 
tired down with fatigue and labour, under great weakness of body. 
Tet 1 must haste to Lynn — it may be, to meet trouble. But my 
days will be short. 

" My sufferio^ time will sgoa be o*er ; 
Then shall I aigh and weep no moce t 
My ransomM loul shall soar away* 
To sing God's praise in endless day." 

We hope two hundred souls have been awakened, and as many 
converted in Albany district the past year. Our friends are happy 
here, not being distressed with divisions in the church, nor by war 
with the Indians, as they are to the southward. According to our 
reckoning, we make it about four hundred and forty-seven miles 
from Oldtown to Albany-^to come the mountainous road through 
the woods ; and to come by Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New- 
York, it IS six hundred miles. 

Saturday 19. The congregation being small, and the preachers 
sleepy, made it a task for me to preach at Rowefs chapel. 

Sunday 20. There was a breath of life tn the love-feast I was 
enabled to be close in preaching on Matt, xviii. 3. ** Except ye be 
converted, and become as little children, ye cannot enter into the 
kingdom of heaven." In my int^oductton I showed that the being 
converted here mentioned, is the same word which in other places 
is translated, "born again;" answering to the new creatibfi and 
resurrection. In this discourse I took occasion to show the m^era- 



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;} REV. ^RAircis' asbvm'3 jovavi t . 1*7 1 

bh state af tiie unconverted, both present and fatare^ and the ex- 
ercises that converted sonls do, and must pa^s through ;-*that they 
most be made as little children, wholly dependent on God ; possess- 
ing meekness of spirit, and freed from the goilt, power, and nature 
of sin. My mind enjoyed peace ; but I was grieved at seeing a 
number of young, unfeeling sinners assembled at a tavern on the 
Lord's day. 

^ CoHNECTicuT.-^Monday 21. We rode fifteen miles to Sharon, 
two miles from Litchfield— there is a little mo?e among the peo* 
pie of this place. 

Tuesday 22. Came to H -'s. I rested in a very solitary 

shade, and was comforted in my own mind. Perhaps the old man 
4s right who says, not many of tbi? generation will enter into the 
promised land, bjit their children. .- Came to East-Hartford, and find 
it still a day of small things. Falling under deep dejection (such 
as I had not known for months,) I concluded to preach this eve- 
ning for my own consolation on '* Thou that teachest another, 
teachest thou not thyself?'* We passed through and spent a night 
nt Windham— a pleasant town. Thence through Canterbury and 
P)ainfield : where our preachers from Connecticut have visited — 
but it is a dry land — little rain in a double sense. Thence I came 
upon the state of Rhode-Island ; stopped in Coventry, and found 
that the two preachers stationed here have been running over al- 
most the whole state, and had formed but few societies. When I 
came to Providence, I. Martin told me, that under the present dif- 
ficulties they had agreed not to forward the preachers of the Me> 
tfaodists among them, nor to befriend them ; 1 asked for a tavern, 
and was directed to General T— 's, where i was used well : some 
were displeased at our praying ; and acted much like Sodomites. 
;Oh ! the enmity and wickedness that is in the human heart. In the 
inoming I was visited by Mr. Wilson ; I gave him my mind free]y, 
and left him : the secret of the matter was, that many in that con- 
gregation would have been kind to us, but meeting with Mr. , 

coming from Ireland, (once a travelling preacher) he settled with 
them : their convenience suited his interest. But the people can 
hear us in the school-house ; and if any are awakened, they will 
join the church over the bridge. 

Massachusetts. — We had heavy work for man and horse to 
reach Easton—- our money grew short. 

Sunday 27. Reading the Scripture in the congregation appeared 
to be a new thing among the people. I gave them a lecture 



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172 REV* FHAHCIS ASBUIIY'S JOVRITAIh [179$; 

under the apple-trees on haiab xxxv. 3 — 6. ; and trvdi m]r hibour 
fras not lost. 

Monday 28. We rode upwards of thirty miles, through great 
heat, to Lynn. On our way we fed our horses', and bought a cake 
and some cheese for ourselves ; surely we are a spectacle to^mM 
and angels ! The last nine days, we have rode upwards of two butt» 
dred miles, and, all things taken together, I think it worse than the 
wilderness : the country abounds with rocks, hills, and stones ; and 
the heat is intense — such as is seldom known in these parts. 

Tuesday 29. Preached in Lynn on 2 Chron. xv. 2. the prophecy 
of Azariah by the Spirit. 

I. We are to seek Jehovah in the means ; by the directioft 
of the word and Spirit { through Christ, by ir^pentance and failh. 

IL The Lord will be with his people, as a Faiher and God ; in 
his wisdom, love, truth, and mercy ; at all times, and places ; in 
every strait and difficulty. 

IlL We should be with God as his children, to fear, trust in, 
worship, and serve him. 

IV. The breach of the covenant by idolatry, departing from the 
love, fear, and confidence they have in him. . 

Vt That the Lord will withdraw from such souls* 

August. We have only about three hundred members in this 
district ; yet we have a call for eight or seven Preachers : although 
our members are few, our hearers are many. 

Sunday 3. We had preaching at six, twelve, two, and seven 
o'clock, and administered the Lord's supper also. . I have now 
finished my work at Lynn. Circumstances have occurred which 
have made this conference more painful than any one conference 
beside. 

Monday 4. We rode to Cambridge. On our way. we called On 
Mr. Adams, and found him and his wife under deep exercise of 
mind. We then came to Walktham, where many attended. Things 
appear strange here ; but several souls are under awakenings, and 
there is hope the Lord will work. The harvest is great ; the 
living, faithful labourers are few. 

We hasted to Westham ; am^ found a congregation at the Baptist 
meeting-house. From Westham we came two miles to Needham; 
here the majority of the people prefer the Methodist preachers ; 
and want to pay them by a tax on the people*; but brothers Smith 
and Hill absolutely refused this plan ; for which i commend them. 
I gave them a sermon, and found some feeling souls. 



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ll^dS.] REV. FliANCIS ASBURY^S JOURNAL. 173 

Wedae«daj 6. We passed several little towns, and came to Mil- 
ford» ahoat nineteeo miles from Ne^dham ; here they tiave a good 
priest's bouse, and meeting-house ; all appear to be in peace and 
ftilness of biread. About three handred were soon collected, to 
whom I preached on ** The love of Christ conslraineth us," &c. 
The man at whose house we lodged was very kind, and told me 
bis father held society meeting in the house where we preached ; 
and« except conditional perseverance, preached our doctrines. We 
rode through Minden, Douglas, Thompson, Woodstock, up to Pom- 
fret ; missing our way, and being very unwell, as I have been for 
some time with an inflammation in my throat, we concluded to turn 
IB at^a tavern, and spend the Qight in pain : pain begets invention. 
i now began to think. What shall I do ? I am my own physician. 
I sent for two blisters ; applied both to my ears ; and then began 
to march to Ashford. I turned in at Mr. W.'s, and met brothers 
T. and S. and was dragged out to baptise an household, whilst I 
load a fever ; the weather was excessively warm, like Carolina : 
I had an awful night. 

CoiTNECTicuT.— Saturday 9. Came to brother H.'s : here I grew 
worse : this night I had some discharges, and was somewliat re- 
lieved. For a few days 1 have felt some pain in my left foot : 
it now inflamed more and more, until 1 could scarcely put it to the 
floor ; 1 applied a poultice, and spent the Sabbath in private ; and 
was closely engaged in reading the Scriptures. 

Monday 11. Our conference sat at Tolland. Lame as I was, 
I went through the business ; and notwithstanding I was tired out 
with labour, heat, pain, and company, 1 must also preach ; so I 
^bmitted ; and endeavoured to apply 2 Tim. ii. 24— 26i Being 
unable i6 ride on horseback, I drove on in a carriage through the 
rain, over th^ rocks in the dark, and came to Doctor Steel's at 
Ellington. 

Yesterdiay the pain seized my right foot. I am now not able to 
move Arom my horse to a house ; an attack 6{ this kind generally 
terminates in about eight days. 

Thursday 14. Came in brother S.'s carriage to Hartford. From 
what wie can gather, we are encouraged to hope that upwards of 
three hundred souls have been awakened ; and more than two 
handred "converted to God, the last year : if this work goes on, 
Satan will be labouring by all meatis, and by every instrument. 
From Hartford I came to Middletown. I slept at E. F.^s, who was 
the first separate minister on the west of Connecticut- River ; a 
man who had laboured, and wrote much: had his learning beefi 



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174 BEr« FRANCIS asbury'^s jqurnal. [I793& 

equal to his piety and good sense, the standing order woold hare 
trembled adder his hand. Wh6 woald Ihink his church would Tote 
him oat, when old and g;ray headed, because he coold not sabscribe 
to the new divinity ? He is now, as he saith, like a brdken yessel ; 
upwards of fourscore years of age: his wife and children favour us. 

I came to New- Haven; thence to Derby ; and had a return of 
the inflammation in my throat. Came to West- Haven— very un« 
well. I had heavy work to get to Reading, being lame in both feet : 
I laid myself down on the road*side, and felt like Jonah or I^jab. 
I took to my bed at Reading. 

Monday 18. Rode ten miles on horseback, and thirteen in a car- 
riage, to Bedford, and rested a day at dear widow Banks*S, where i 
was at home. Oh, how sweet is one day's rest ! 

New- York. — Wednesday 20. When I came near the Wliite- 
Piains, my horse started, and threw me into a mill-race knee deep^ 
in water, my hands and side in the dirt ; my shoulder was hurt by 
the fall. I stopped at a house, shifted my clothes, and prayef 
with the people. If any of these people are awakened by my 
stopping there, all will be well. This day I made out to ride 
thirty-three miles. 

Thursday 21. Came to New- York. The weather is extremety 
warm. Great a£Blictions prevail here— fluxes, fevers, influenzas. 
It is very sickly also in Philadelphia. I have found by secret 
search, that I have not preached sanctiflcation as 1 should have 
done : if I am restored, this shall be my theme more pointedly 
than ever, God being my helper. I hare been sick upwards df 
four months ; during which time I have attended to my business* 
and rode, I suppose, not less than three thousand miles. I kept 
close house in New- York until Sunday 24. ; then I atteinpted to 
preach on Romans xiii. 10 — 12. The weather being warm an4 
dry, I caught an influenza which held me four days — and this in 
addition to my fevers, and lameness. The efiects of this Weather 
were sensibly felt by every member of conference, some of whom 
were so indisposed that^hey could not attend. We made a collec* 
tton of £40 for the relief of the preachers on the frontiers of 
New- York and Connecticut. 

We have awfbl accounts from Philadelphia ; which made me 
feel too much like a man, and too little like a Christian* 

New- Jersey. •^Monday, September 1. I rested. Tuesday ^ 
dined at Elizabethtown on my way to Philadelphia. Wednesiky ^^ I 
reached Trenton, and received a letter from brother M — ^k*— y, re- 
questing me to come to Burlington, and that it was doubtful 



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II^ML] ll£V. FAAKcis ASBVAY^S JomNj^. K6 

whether it were pradent tago into PfaiMelphia od account of the 
contagion that then prevailed in that citj : I did not reach Burling* 
too BO 8000 as was expected, arid the preachers went on to Phila* 
delpbia. I preached in Burlington, and the people were vexy 
solemn.' 

Pennsylvania^ — ^Friday 6. We rode to the city. Ah ! how the 
ways mourn : how low spirited are the people whilst making their 
escape ! I found it awful indeed. I judge the people die from 
fifty to one hundred in a day : some of our friends are dying, others 
flying. 

Sanday 8. I preached on Isai. Iviii. 1. ^' Cry aloud, spare not, 
lift up thy Yoice like a trumpet, and show my people their trans* 
gressions, and the house of Jacob their sins." The people of 
this city are alarmed ; and well the ymay be. I went down to 
Ebenezer, (a church in the lower part of the city) but my strength 
was gone : however, I endeavoured to open and apply Micab vi. 9. 
The streets are now depopulated, and the city wears a gloomy as- 
pect. All night long my ears and heart were wounded with the 
ery of fire ! Ob ! how awful ! And what made it still more serious^ 
two yooDg men were killed by the fall of a wall : one of them was 
a valuable member of our society. Poor Philadelphia ! the lofty 
city. He layeth it low ! I am very unwell ; my system b quite 
weak ; I feel the want of pure air. We appointed Tuesday 9th to 
Beobserved as a day of humiliation: I preached on 1 Kings viii. 
37--'<40« ; and had a large and very serious, weeping congregation. 
The preachers left the city on Monday ; I continued in order to 
have the minutes of conference printed. 

. Wednesday 10. We left the city — solemn as death ! The people 
of Derby and Chester are sickly : and they ^are greatly alarme4 
iA Wilmingtoot I found a quiet retreat at friend Bond's, near 
New*Castle. 

MARTLAND.-^Came to the quarterly meeting at the Cross«Roads : 
iffaere there were . crowds of people : I gave them a sermon 
on *' Yea, in the way of thy judgments have we waited for thee." 
I shewed, 1. That God sent pestilence, famine, locusts, blasting, 
milldew, and caterpillars, and that only the church and people of 
Crod know, and believe his judgments. 2. That God's people wait- 
ed for him in the way of his judgments ; and 3. That they improved' 
said profited by them. About one o'clock we set out and rode 
thirty4wo miles to Thomas White's ; and spent one day at my 
former home. 



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U6 ILBV* F&ANCIS ASIURV'S JQIfRHAt. [l2dS« 

Sunday H* We rode twenty miles te MtUford, and had n com^ 
fbrtable loTe*feast; I preached to many on 2 Cbron. rii. 13—15. 
I preached a laboured sermon at Qjuantees quarterly meeting : the 
tecond day brother 6. preached on ** There rematneth 4bere- 
fore a rest to the people of God.'' My finishing stroke' wm9\a 
show them the way to ruin — so we parted. 

Thursday t8. We rode to Accomack ; and had a comfortable 
quarterly meeting at Downiog's. I met the located official meqa« 
berSy and we had sweet fellowship together. 

Sunday 21. After a gracious love-feast and preaching on Jer. 
xvii. 9» 10. I returned, weak in body^ and under dejection of mind, 
^0 C^— ^'s chapel, a ride of twenty miles : this is one of the moat 
awful places 1 ever visits, according to my feelings: I had only 
courage to exhort for a few minutes. Brother S — — -, one of our 
elder», gave it as his opinion that two hundred people had died in 
the bounds of Somerset circuit the l^st summer. 

I searched the continent for the Travels of Sio and True Godlir 
ness ; now, they are printed. and bound together, and sell well; 
our Americans are not fools : no books sell like those on. plain, 
practical subjects; as the Saints* Rest, Baxter's Gall, AUeine'a 
Alarm, and Thomas a Kempis. ■ 

1 came to B. E-^ — 's to quarterly meeting : we bad a sol^qwi 
time, though our congregation was small. 

. Friday 26. We came to Easton, twenty- five miles ; here the peo« 
pie pretaMled to be afraid of my communicating the infection 
of the yellow fever, although 1 bad been, out of Philadelphia 
from the 9th to the 26th Instant. I gave them a long discourse, 
and then rode to Hillsborough ; and thence to Judge White's. 
Sickness prevails in every bouse ; but there are not so many deaths 
as might be expected from general afflictions. 

Monday 29. I preached at quarterly meeting on ** Theliord is 
good ; a strong bold in the day of trouble, and he knoweth them 
that trust in him." 1 . Originally, independently, communicathrely 
good. 2. He koowetb, loveth, approvetb, and deliveretk those 
that put their trust in him. 

Tuesday 30. I came early to Churchhill ; and felt myself solemn- 
ly engaged with God. In the evening 1 was enabled to give a close, 
alarming exhortation on the present alarming and awful times. 

October, Wednesday 1. I endeaveiired to enforce, at Wortea's, 
'^ Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the Lotd.^^ 
The wind being contrary, we rode twenty miles to brother B-^-s. 



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1993.1 RBir« W9kimm AtftvitY't JovitKAt. 177 

thit>agh dQSl mid drmght. Bf otber B«-— con?eyed me to Nortb- 
East on Thursday ; and Friday 3, after dispuf iog the passage at 
Ibe ferry with Mr. R— — , I rode to Cokesbiiry. I bad left Phi- 
lade^hia, and knew not that a pass was necessary until I came to 
the ferry. Mr. Barney, who was a bealth-officer, behared like a 
gentleman, ' and gave me a true and bonour^le certifieate. I 
ibuad matters in a poor state at colle;ge^£600 in debt, and our 
employers nearly £700 in arrears. 

Thursday 8. Came to Baltimore ; passed the guard against the. * 
plague in Philadelphia, set for prudence, one hundred SMles off. 
Oh I the plague of sin ! Would to God we were more guarded 
against its baleful influence ! i was side, weary, and feeble ; yet, 
preaching being appoikrted for me in town, 1 sounded the alarm oik 
Jer. xiii. 16. *' Give glory to God befture he cause darkness," ke. 

Friday H). I hasted to Annapolis. 

Saturday 11. Attended a quarterly meeting at BignaPs, in a 
large tobacco-house, where I enlarged on tbe weighty words of 
our Lord ^^ Because iniquity shall abound, tbe love of many shall 
wax cold." 

Monday 13.. I opened and applied the charge given by David to 
Solomon, at<sr. R— — ''s, well adapted to tbe children of the Me- 
thodists. 

Tues^Miy 14. I had a large <:pngregation of seriouc women at 
Capt. Weems's. To these 1 preached on John xiv. 16. 1. Cbrist 
48 the way 4o God by precept, example, and power* 2. The 
truth ; the true Messiah, revealing the truths of God, the standard 
and judge of all. 3. The life, by his merit and spirit, leading to 
tike knowledge of G^d in bis^rfections and glory. 

Wednesday 16.1 enlarged on ** Without me ye cmi do nothing," 
and applied it to sinners, Pliarisees, hypocrites, backsliders, be^ 
lievers, and aancttfied souls. 

Saturday 18. I attended a quarterly meeting at H— ^*s ; where 
I exhorted the people to *^ Ft>rget the things that are behind, and 
to rf ach towardb the things that are before" — ^i. e. Establishment 
in grace ; walking with God ; resignation to his wiy ; meekness, 
iramiltty, perfect love, a glorious resurrection, and eternal glory — 
«< Leave the things tlhat are 'bet^ind"— see Hebr. vi. 1. and v. 12. 
** Leav« these ;" eo aa not to rest in conviction, repentance, 
fiMth, ^usfifica^on, nor in Church <)Tdinnnces, as- being the whole of 
Td%ion, or any part thereof, any ferther than as they lead us to 
Christ. We had some life in the love*feest, and in public service ; 

Vol. H. 23 



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178 RKv. Fa4irci8 ajibvry's jouairii:.., (1793*. 

l»it there 18 a dearth here. The circuit has suffered for .want of a 
preacher. 

Sabbath 19. I came to Baltimore, and preached on Amos iii. 
6, 7, 8. 

Monday 20. Oar conference began. I was well pleased with 
the stations, and the; faithful talk most of the brethren gave Us of 
their experience and exercises, i preached a charity sero^on on 
** Hath God cast away his people." We collected £27, which 
was augmented to £43, and applied it to the supplying the wants 
of the distressed preachers. 

Sunday 26. I preached, and ordained elders and deacons, at the 
Point, and at night in town spoke on Jeremiah ix. 12 — 14. 

Monday 27. I left Baltimore in a cool, stormy day. We dined 
with Capt. White, on the north branch of thi^ Patuxent, and had 
only time tp warm, eat; drink, and pray. We hasted on to S. 
Turner's. We stopped on the way at the house of some old^ 
forgotten English people : I talked plainly to the poor old woman^ 
and commended the family to Qod in prayer. I rode to my old 

friend A 's, and spent the evening in Christian conrersation^ 

writing, and prayer. 

Virginia.— Tuesday 28. FiFe of us came to Stafford court- 
house. The next day we dined and prayed at F— *8, and in the 
evening reached Cotlins's, ap old stand in Caroline county* 

November, Friday 1. We breakfasted at EUlis's tavern, and 
next day rode to Richmond and Manchester, and came to B— 's» 
and preached to a congregation mostly women. Thence we pro** 

ceeded to J. A 's. 1 was so hoarse it was with difficulty I 

spoke to the people. In six days ^we have rode two hundred 
and twenty miles. 

Sunday 3. We had to ride ten miles to quarterly meeting at 
T-- — 's chapel. I did not expect to be heard ; but, to my great 
surprise, 1 had not spoken long before, my voice was clear. , We 
had a melting time under brother John Easter— was much blessed 
with the local brethren. Brothers W-— and A— -^ were recom- 
mended to the office of deacons, and ordained. Brother W— ; — 
with two others, are appointed to wait on ine at the ensuing con- 
ference—what for will then be better known. 

Tuesday 5. I rode to brother B.'s, and the next day preached 
at Charity Chapel. It was a day appointed by the bishop and 
committee of the Episcopal church to be observed as a day of fast* 
ing. I feel my mind greatly eased relative to those who have 



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1793.] Bsy. FRANCIS asburt's journal. 179 

htely separated from us and set oat as reformers. Let the Lord 
look to his own church. 

Tharsdaj 7. We had a serious congregation at Combetland 
quarterly meeting : some appeared to be much engaged. 

My Sabbath day's journey was from sister L— — 's to a new 
•hapel in Frbce Edwistrd, twenty miles, where, after preaching on 
Matt. xxir. 12 — 14. 1 was led to say a few things for myself— as to 
my coming to and staying in America : of the exercise of that 
power which was given by the first and confirmed by the last ge- 
neral eonferedce. Many of the people thought me not that mon- 
ster I had been represented. 1 thought this the more necessary 
here, as great pains had been taken to misrepresent and injure me 
in this congregation and neighbourhood. So it is ; when I am ab- 
sent some will say what they please of me. After sacrament we 

came, weary and hungry, to brother ft 's, by whom we were 

kindly entertained. My soul is staid on the Lord, although Satan 
wHl push at me by means of the world, the flesh, and false brethren. 

Tuesday 12. I preached at brother T-^— 's, on Nottaway-Rif- 
rer. The people here have been unsettled by the divisions which 
a few persons have endeavoured to make in our societies. 

Thursday 14. iRode from brother N-— — 's to Salem, and, after 

preaching, to brother M ^'s, in Brunswick, making it about 

thirty miles, without eating or drinking. 

Friday 15. I had a few serious soub at Roses^Creek. Here I 
received the happy tidings from John Dickins, that he, with his 
family, have been preserved during the late contagion in the city 
of Philadelphia. 

Sunday 17. At Meritt's chapel ; the weath<er was rainy and un- 
eomfoMable, and brother E— — very unwell. The next day I 

rode from brother F 's, about twenty miles, to preach a funeral 

discourse on the death of our dear brother Cox. The Lord's 
power was present. Brother Bruce preached at Jones's chapel 

On^' Sowing to the flesh." I was happy in God at brother P 's, 

in the evening. The next day 1 staid at the chapel until it ap« 
peared as if I was well nigh chilled through, and to cure me hadto 
ride twelve miles to brother Moss's : thenCe twenty miles to bro- 
ther Bonner's, where I met several of the brethren in great peace 
and love. Came to J. Smith's, and had a good season on Eph. iv. 
US — ^b. The seeds of discord have been sown here, but they 
have not taken deep root. Several of the preachers came in, and 
we spen the evening, and were happy together. 



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laa aSV. WtLASCtIt ASBV&t'S JOVEIUIi. [t7tS« 

Sdodaj 24. Hatted to Petftrslrorg. Came im a Ktie b«fate 
Doen, and preached on Isai. Ixvi. 4, 5. 

Monday 25, and the feUoviing days, were spent in eenferciice. 
The preachers were united, and the Lord*wa8 with usof t trvlh. 
There were fifty-five preachers present. I had soase difficakies 
respecting the stations ; hot there was a willingness among the- 
brethren to go where they Were appointed, and all was welL 

Oar disaffected brethren have had a meetmg at the Piney-Grove, 
in Amelia circnitf and appointed three asen to attend this confe* 
renec. One of these delegates appears to he satisfied, and bat ve^ 
ceived ordination amongst ns since he wds delegated by IJiem ; th^ 
other two appeared, and we gare them a long talk. My mind hae 
b^en closely employed in the hnsiness of the conference, so that I 
have slept only about sixteen hours in four nights. 

Friday 29. Rode nineteen miles, and preached at Mrs. Cox's 
bam. The next day we reached brother Mooring's, in Sorry. 

Sunday, Decembei* 1. My mind was in a state of heaviness. I 
endeavoured to preach on 2 Cor. xiii. 5. It is heavy times here ; 
but the wbriE is the Lord's, and I wish to kave it all to hiau Jo 
discoursing on the above text I pursued nearly the followini^ 
mediod-««i« 

•I. Such as profess to have experienced religion should examine 
whether they have not let some fondamental doctrines slip. 

II. Examine into the nature and effects of faith ; it is the sab- 
•iance of things hoped for, in a penitent state ; and theeyidencie of 
things not seen, in a justified state. 

III. They should know themselves, whether they are seekers^ 
believers, or backsUdidrs. 

IV< They should prove themselves, to themselves, to their 
ministers, the world, and the church of God. 

V. ThUt if die; have heart-religion, Christ is in them-— the 
meek; loving, pure mind of Christ. 

Monday 2. Came to Ellison's chapel, in Sussex. 

Tuesday 3. Preached at Lane's chapel : it was low times and 
cold weather. Thence to my old friend Moss's, near Sussex 
court-house. F have lately read Blair's Sermons, where I find some 
very beautifol things : they contain good moral philosophy ; and 
his Sermota on Gentleness, is worthy the taste of Queen Charlotte ; 
anid if money were any thing' towards paying for knowledge, I shooM 
tlunk that sermon wotth two hundred pounds steriing — which some 
say the Qjneen gave him. 



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J 



ifdS.} KKV. FIUNCfS ASftURT'» JOUIUU£. Iftt 

Thorsday 5. After riding several miles eat of my way, I came to . 
dear brother and aieter Parham's^-^tura Israelites iodeed. I was 
nnweU, yet spent the efening comfortably f Next day I had a Icm^ 
ride to Peibam's, id Greensville ; where I enlarged, to a smaU, 
serions congregation on 2 Cor. xii. Id.-^tbe grand Sttbjects of the 
fUthlU minister's care. 

Saturday 7. Rode through the rain to Woelsey's bani--^AOir 
Drenigoole's chapel. ^ 

Next day we had bat twenty miles to ride for our SaU)ath day'* 
joamey. Came to Roanoak, and enlarged en £ph. iii. 1, 8.--*Iq 
which I showed, 1st, How a minister of Christ is made ; 2d, To 
whom hevis to preach ; 3d, What he ia to preach, viz. the un- 
searchable riches of Christ ; 4tfa, The humble opinioo the mmifl«- 
ters of Christ entertain of tbemselres. 

North Carolina. — Monday 9. Crossed Roaooak in a flat, witli^ 
seven horses ; but we were mercifully preserved. Came lo War- 
rei^ton. i had a violent p^in in my head, and my horse's back be-, 
ing injured, 1 ^stopped at Myrick's, having rode only twenty miles. 

Tuesday 10. Came to Lewisburg, and held our conference at 
Gr^en Hills, about a mile U'om town. Great peace and upity pre*' 
vailed amongst us. The preachers cheerAilly signed an instru- 
ment, expressing their determination to submit to, and abide by 
what the general conference has done. 

Friday 13. Our conference rose : it was agreed that the next 
conferetice should be held in Petersburg : there the preachers 
from North Carolina, GreeDbriar, the Centre and Sooth Districts 
of Virginia, may all meet, and change properly, and unite together 
for their own and the people's good. 

Saturday 14. Rode to father P. B 's :— Ob that the last daya 

of Micient Methodists may be the best ! I have a cold and pains ; 
but ff ere is ease in peace, and love, and communion with God. 

Sunday 15. We had as many people at father B—<^'s as we 
could find room for : t delivered some alarming words from Isaiah 
Ixv. 2. 

Monday 16. Rode up Neuse ; fed at Tomkios's, and hasted to 
the widow Carson's, (about forty miles.) 

Tuesday 17. After riding about twenty -six miles to R — ^-r's, I 
gave them a short discourse on ** The foundation of God standeth. 
sure :" after eating, we had to ride sixteen or eighteen miles ia 
the evening home with brother M'Gee. In the morning we crossed 
Deep-River, in a flat, not without danger. Thence down Car- 
away creek, to Randolph Town ; thence to Howary » at Fuller's ford. 



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1 



182 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRt'S JOURNAL. [179^. 

Here we were assisted by some joaDg men with a canoe. Thank 
the Lord, both men and horses were preserved. The young men 
sometimes prayed iand sometimes swore. After riding three miles, 
came to Wood's, but Russel's was the place of preaching, where 1* 
found some who had heard me in Virginia many years past; I 
laboured to speak, although my throat was very sore : the hearts 
of the people appeared to be cold, as well as their bodies. 

Friday 20. I had to ride thirty miles by two o'clock ; but was 
so poorly I declined preaching. Saturday and Sunday I spent at 

1. Handle's : I gave place to brothers M*K and B— . On 

Sunday evening, I gave the family a discourse at W. Handle's. 

Monday 23. Crossed Rockey-Rtver : this is a bold stream : il 
rises in Mecklenburg, North Carolina ; and after running eighty 
or ninety miles, empties itself into Pee Dee, a little below Mont- 
gomery. 

South Carolina. — Came to Blakeney's, on the waters of 
Lynch's creek : here I preached to about forty people ; it being 
Christmas day. 

Thursday 26. We crossed various branches which empty into 
'Pee Dee about ten miles below Ports-Ferry : we passed the 
hanging rock to J. H 's. 

Friday 27. We set out at sunrise : the weather was cold and 
, frosty : we made it twenty-two miles to Camden. After dinner 
we crossed the river, and came to Marshall's. 

Saturday 28. We set out very early, and came through pine 
and oak barrens, twenty-five miles : about one o'clock 1 was wil- 
ling to sit down and rest. I have lately felt all the grace I had 
put to trial : through mercy I am kept from sin, and long to' be 
perfect in faith and patience, love and suffering : I am Sometimes 
tempted to wish to die ; but I fear it is wrong : I rather chuMi te 
wait the Lord's time. ' ' 

Sunday 28. With some di£Sculty I attended at the meeting-house 
near Marshall's. 

Monday 30. We rode forty-fiye miles to brother Cook's, on Broad- 
River ; and the next day to brother Finch's : here we are to have 
about thirty preachers from South Carolina and Georgia. We were 
straitened for room, having only twelve feet square to confer, 
sleep, and for the accommodation of those who were sick.i — Bro- 
ther B — 7- was attacked with the dysentery. 

Wednesday, January 1, 1794. We removed brother B into 

a room without fire. We hastened the business of our conference 
as fast as we could. After sitting in a close room with a very large 



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17S4.} lUST. FRANCIS ABBURT^SI; JOVRNAL. )8S 

fire, I retired into the woods oeariy an hour, and was seized with 
a severe chill, an ioyeterate coagh and feyer, with a sick stomach : 
with difficulty I sat in conference the following day ; and I could 
get hut little rest ; brother B— — 's moving so frequently, and the 
brethren's talking, disturbed me. Sick as I was, 1 had to or- 
dain four elders and six deacons ; never did 1 perform with such 
a burthen. I took a powerful emetic. I was attended by Doctor 

D . 

1 found I must go somewhere to get rest. The day was cloudy, 

and threatened snow; however, brother R. E and myself 

made out to get seven miles to dear old brother A. Teargin's house. 
The next day came on a heavy fall of snow, which continued two 
daj^s, and was from six to ten inches deep. I had to let some 
blood : I made use of flaxseed, and afterward ef betony tea, both 
which were of use to me. I must be humbled before the Lord, 
and have great searching of heart. 

Monday 13. Rode thirty miles ; although the weather was damp 
and unpromising, and came to Herbert's store, on Broad-River. I 
was so weak that my exercise and clothing almost overcame me. 
The next day we passed Connelly's ferry ; and got nothing for our- 
selves until we had rode forty -six miles to Colonel Rumph's, where 
we had every thing, and were free and comfortable. 

Sunday 19. Rode to the Cypress, where I could not rest without 
giving them a little sermon. 

Monday 20. 1 reached the city of Charleston. ' Here I began to 
rest : my cold grew better. Doctor Ramsey directed me to the 
use of laudanum, nitre, and bark, after cleansing the stomach with 
an emetic. The kindness of sister Hughes was very great. I 
have written largely to the west, and declined visiting those parts 
this year. The American Alps, the deep snows; and great rains ; 
swimming the creeks and rivers, riding in the night, sleeping on 
the earthen floors, more or less of which I must experience, if I 
go to the western country, might at this time cost me my life. I 
have only been able to preach four times in three weeks. 

I have had sweet peace at times since 1 have been here ; the 
love of meetings ; (especially those^ for prayer) the increase of 
hearers ; the attention of the people ; my own better feelings ; 
and the increasing hppe of good that prevails among the preachers, 
lead me to think that *^ the needy shall not always be forgotten, 
nor the expectation of the poor fail." i have been pleased in 
reiading Prince's Christian History, of about four hundred pages : 
it was a cordial to my soul in the time of my affliction. It is Me- 



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184 Rtr. fiuirds Asmmt^s xoom&l. {VTW. 

tbo^ism ia all its parts. I have a great d«8tre to reprint an akridg* 
meDt of it, to ahow the apostate children what their 6thers were. 
1 hare read Gordon's Historj of the Americatf RerolatiiMi : here 
we view the sofferiog straits of the American arikiy ; and, frfaat ia 
greatly interestii^, General Washington's taking his farewell of his 
officers — what an affecting scene f i conld not bat feel throtigh the 
whole of the description. What, then, waa the sight ! O, bow 
minds are made great with affliction and suffering ! Poor Beverly 
Allen, who has been going from bad to worse these seven or e^bt 
years— -speaking against me to preachers and people^ and writing to 
Ur. Wesley and Doctor Coke, and being thereby the source of most 
of the mischief that has followed ; and lastly, having been agent for 
Mr. — ^ — , is now secured in jail for shooting Major Forsyth tfarongti 
the head. The Major was marshall for the federal court in Geor^ 
gia, and was about to serve a writ upon B. A^— : the master^piece 
of all is, a petition is prepared, declaring him to have shown marka 
of insanity previous to his killing the Major ! The poor M^ho- 
dists also must unjustly be pot to the rack on his account, althoo^ 
be has been expelled from amongst us these two years.^I have 
had my opinion of him these nine years ; and gave Doctor C — -^ 
my thoughts of him before his ordination : ! pity, i pray for bim*^ 
that if his life is given up to justiee, his soul may yet be saved. 

Friday, February 14. I enjey.peace of onind, and am closely em- 
ployed in reading my Bible ; and a collection of sermons deliver- 
ed at Bery-street 1*733, by Watts, Goyse, Jennings, Neal, Hubbard, 
and Price, containing upwards of five hundred pages. 

Sunday 16. I preached in the morning on Phil. ii. 30. and in the 
evening again. I was tried in spirit : ) had not more than one 
hundred white people to. hear me. Brother S. and myself 1^ 
loose ; and according to* custom they fled : they cannot, they will 
not, endure sound doctrine. 

Monday 17. I was employed in reading and visiting. 

Tuesday 18. I feel restless to move on, and my wish is fo die m 
the field. I have had a time of deep dejection of spirits, affliction 
of body ; loss of sleep, and trouble of soul. I have, in the course 
of my stay here, had frequeni visits from the blacks ; among v^om 
I find some gracious souls. 

Wednesday 19. I find this to be a barren place ; I long to go to ' 
my work. When gloomy melancholy comes on, 1 find it best to 
think as little as may be about distressing subjects. Thursday, 
Friday, and Saturday, I visited sundry families. It seems as if a 
strange providence holds me here-: I am sometimes afraid to eat. 



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1794»] REV. PftAKcis asbuat's JOiMiNAi:. 185 

drink, or eveo to talk, unless it be of God and religioti, 1 shall 
certainly feel a Paradise when I go hence. I am not unemployed ; 
yet 1 might be much better occupied for. God and souls. 

Tuesday 25. Last e?ening we had a love-feast ; an^d the poor 
Africans spoke livingly of the goodness of God. I am now pre- 
paring to leave this city, where I hare experienced consolation, 
afiSictions, tribulations, and labour. 

Friday 28. I now leave Charleston ; the seat of Satan, dissipa- 
tion and folly : ten months hereafter, with the permission of divine 
Providence, I expect to see it again. My horse proving unruly, 
and unwilling to take the boat to HadriU's point, we changed our 
course, crossed at demon's ferry, and then came the road to Le- 
noir's ferry : we passed the plantations of the great, lying east and 
-west ; their rice fields under water. We got no refreshmeht un* 

til we came to S 's, thirty-four miles, except the little our 

liorses got at the ferry. 

Saturday, March 1. We set out in great spirits, having sixteen 
miles to the ferry ; where we were detained six hours. We hoped 
to have been in Georgetown. by sunset. Now we thought of tra- 
Telling until midnight : we came to Cedar Creek, which we found 
in a bad state. We stayed at the ferry ; being persuaded we could 
not reach Georgetown time enough for meeting. 

Sabbath morning. We directed our course westward, and came 

along, drooping and solitary, to M 's ferry, about twenty-five 

miles. We rode up to a large house, and were asked in to drink 
brandy : three men and two women appeared to be set in to drink the 
pure stuff, glass after glass ; we were glad to retreat. There came 
on a storm of rain, with thunder and lightning. I was unwilling to 

go to , expecting the same kind of Sabbath devotion there. 

We travelled a most dreadful road to Black-River, and had plent}^ 
of water above and below us. After riding fifteen miles, we came to 

the widow B 's, where we got a shelter ; still we had our fears : 

there is such a quantity of water in the swamp and lowlands, that 
our feet are kept very uncomfortable, and some places are impass- 
able. Isaac Smith, in all these difficulties and trials of swamps, 
colds, rains, and starvation, was my faithful companion. 

After riding twenty-seven miles without eating, how good were 
the potatoes and fried gammon ! we then had only ten miles to bro- 
ther Rembert's ; where we arrived about seven o'clock. I confess 
my soul and body have been powerfully tried. — What blanks are 
in this country — and how much worse are the rice plantations ! If 
a man-of-war is *' a floating hell," these are standing ones ; wicked 

Vol. II. 24 



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106 nsV. FAAVCIS ASBUEY^S JOURNAL. [1794. 

masters, overseeit, and negroes— €uniiig, drinkiDg — do Sab* 
baths ; no sermons. Bat hush ! perhaps my journal will never see 
the light ; and if it does, matters may mend before that time ; 9nd 
it is probable I shall be beyond their en?y or good will. O 
wretched priests, thus to lead the people on in blindness ! 

Thursday 6. We had family meeting at brother R- *s : I gave 

them a long discourse on the last words of David, 2 Sam. xxiii. 5. 
" Although my house be not so with God, yet he hath made with 
me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and sure, for tbia 
is all my salvation and all my desire, (pleasure or delight,) although 
he^make it not to grow." 1. I considered how we enter into cove- 
nant with God. S(. On man's part it is ordered to repent, believe, 
love, obey, suffer, &c. and in a word, to attend to every duty God 
bath enjoined. 3. That this is all the delight of a gracious soul — 
that bis eternal all is rested upon the covenant relation he bears to 
the Lord. David appears, 1. To have been looking to Solomon's 
peaceable kingdom. 2. To Christ, who was to come of David's 
seed: 3. Parents, and gracious souls, may say the commonwealth, 
the church, their families, &c. are not as they could wish ; yetGod 
is their portion. What distresses were experienced in $he families 
of ancient saints ! see the history of the families of Adam, Noab» 
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, EU, Samuel, David, and others of whom we 
read. My time is short — this may be my last to speak, or theirs 
to hear : we are not only creatures of a year, but of a day, an 
hour. 

Sunday 9. I preached on Romans v. 20, 21. 

Monday 10. We held a little conference to provide for Charles* 
ton, Georgetown, Edisto, and Santee : some are afraid that if we 
retain none among us who trade in slaves, the preachers will not be 
supported, but my fear is that we shall not be able to supply this 
state with preachers. 

Tuesday 11. I had to preach to the respectable people of Cam- 
den — where I suppose I had two hundred hearers in the court- 
house. It was heavy work, my body and faith being both weak — 
some trifled ; some felt ; and perhaps more understood. 

Wednesday 12. We missed our way to the chapel caHed Gran- 
nies-Quarter ; andmade it thirty nfiles to Horton's, at the Hanging- 
Rock, on a very warm day, without any refreshment, except a 
little biscuit. 

Thursday 13. Rode thirty miles more to the Waxsaws, after 

preaching at the chapel in, the woods. I went to brother T 's, 

where we had a room to 4)ur9elve$ ; and odr horses were richly 



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liM.] KEV. FIlAirCIS ASBVIIY'S JOmiNAL. ]87 

fed : this Uras a great faroiur— «uch as we do not generally receive 
in this country. 

Saturday 15. We set out under discouraging prospects; having 
bad a heavy rain the night before. We came to Shepherds; 
where we had to swim our horses along side a canoe, and had they 
not strolled powerfoliy, and freed themselves from among the 
bushes and grape-vines, they had certainly drowned : we returned 
across the stream, and then brought them down the^reek, to a place 
where there were no trees in the way ^ and we got safe across. 

Sunday 16. The waters being still high, our passage difficult, 
and having no inclination to f^vel on the Sabbath, we continued at 

S 's, where we stayed the night before. Notice was circqla* 

ted through the neighbourhood, and by eleven o'clock there was 
collected a congregation of sixty or seventy people. 

Monday 17. We set out, and passed Charlotte, in Mecklenburg; 

here 1 learned that meeting was appointed for me at A 's. I 

came to L. Hill's, where I met with N. W. and D. A. having rode 
thirty-four miles. By the titne I reach justice White's I shall 
make out to have rode about one thousand miles in three months ; 
and to have stopped six weeks of the time with great reluctance. 
I preached at ■ ■ ■ oii 2 Tim. ii. 12 — 17. I, 1. Gave the marks 
of a Christian ; one of which is, that he suffers persecution. S. 
The marks of heretics and schismatics ; the former oppose the 
established doctrines of the Gospel ; the latter will divide Chris- 
tians. 3. That we must continue in what we have been taught 
by the word, the Spirit, and faithful ministers of Christ. 4. That 
the Holy Scriptures are the standard sufficient for ministers and 
people, to furnish them to every good work. 

Thursday 20. I directed my course in company with my faithful 
fellow-labourer, Tobias Gibson, up the Catabaw^ settled mostly by 
the Dutch. A barren spot for religion. Having rode in pain 

twenty-four miles, we came, weary and hungry, to O 's tavern ; 

and were glad to take what came to hand, Four miles forward 
we came to Howes-Ford, upon Catabaw -River, where we could 
neither get a canoe nor guide. We entered the water in an im- 
proper place, and were soon among the rocks and in the whirl- 
pools : my head swam, and my horse was affrighted : the water 
was to my knees, and it was with difficulty we retreated to the 
same shore. We then oalled to a man on the other side, who 
came and piloted us across, for which I paid him well. My horse 
being afraid to take the water a ^6cond time, brother Gibson 
crossed, and sent me his ; and our guide took mine across. We 



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168 lUEV. FRAKCI8 ASBUEy'S JCtrWTAL. flT94. 

went on, bat our troubles were not at an eodrnif^t cameon^ 
and it was very dark. It rained heavily, with powerful lights 
ning and thunder. We could not find the path that turned out 
to ConneH's. ^In this situation we continued until midiiiglit or 
past ; at last we found a path which we followed till we came, tei 
dear old father Harper's plantation ; we made for the bouse, and: 
called ; be answered, but wondered who it could be ; he inquired 
whence we came ; 1 told him we would tell that when we came 
in, for it was raining so powerfully we had not much time to lalk : 
when I came dripping into the house, he cried. «< God .bless your 
soul, is it brother Asbury ? wife, get up." Having had my feel 
and legs wet for six or seven hours, causes me to feel very, stiff. 

Friday 21. We set forward towards brother White's, and took 
our time to ride twelve miles. 

Saturday 22. My soul enjoys peace ; but Oh ! for more of God I 
This campaign has made me ** groan, being burthened.*' . Bad! 
news on my coming to the mountains ; neither preabbers oorr' 
elders have visited Swanina since last October; poor people-^: 
poor preachers that are not more stable : but all fiesh is grass, and 
I am grass. I have provided brothers G. and L. for the westwar&r 
I wrote a plan for stationing ; and desired the dear preacbers to 
be as I ao^ in the work : I hav« no interest, no passions, in tbetr^ 
appointments ; my only aim is to care and provide for. the fiock of 
Christ. 1 see I must not leave Charleston till the third or fourth 
week in March; then the rains will subside, and the creeks 
and rivers be passable; and so shall we escape the danger .<^ 
drowning ourselves and horses. I feel that my sofferinjgs have 
been good preaching to me^.-^8pecially in crossing the waters. I 
am solemnly moved, in not visiting my Holstein and Kentucky 
brethren. It may be their interest to desire the preservation of 
my life : while living I may* supply them with preachers, and with' 
men and money. I feel resolved to be wholly the Lord's ; weak 
as I am, I have done nothing, I am nothing, only for Christ! or I* 
had long since been cut off as an unfaithful servant ; Christ is all, 
and in all I do, or it h^d not been done ; or when done, had, by no 
means, been acceptable. 

North Carolina. — Sunday 23. My subject at justice White's was 
Hebr. ii. 1, 2, 3. I had more people than 1 expected. I have visit- 
ed this place once a year ; but M. K— r^ and L. have both failed 
coming at all ; 1 pity them and the people. If I could think myself 
of any account, I might say, with Mr. Wesley, '< If it be so while 
I am alive, what will it be after my death ?" I have written 



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1704.] JB£T* FRlNCrS ASfiimv'ft JOURNAL. 189 

several lettors to the westward to supply my lack of service. I 
am ougbtily wrought upon for New«Hampshire, Proirince of Maine, 
VeriqoQt, and Lower Canada. 

Saturday 29. Started for Nolenten^s and came part of the way 
s^ne. After winding about the creeks and hiUs, came to a cabin : 
here 1 found* a few serious people, to whom I preached on 1 Tim. 
lY. 8. after which i spent the evening with dear brother S. in his 
dean cabin. 

Sunday 30 After riding about frve miles, I came to a meeting- 
boose : it vifwi a cabin half floored, with long open windows between 
the logs. 

Monday SI . I had the bouse filled with serious people, and found 
muth to say on Roth i. 1$, 17. whatever weight there might have 
been in the discourse, I was happy in my own sool. 

Tuesday, April h 1 was very happy whilst riding alone down to 
Doctor Brown's : on my way, 1 saw Babel, the Baptist-Methodist 
house, about which there has beep so much quarrelling: it is 
made of logs, and is no great matter. 1 am astonished at pro- 
fessors, old professors, neglecting family and private prayer-^Lord, 
help ! for there is but little genuine religion in the world. 

Wednesday t. Came to E.'s meeting-house, near Hunting Creek, 
in Sorry county : here I met with some old disciples frohi Mary- 
land, Delaware, and Virginia, who have known me these twenty^ 
two years. Our meeting was attended with mutual pleasure : my 
soul enjoyed much sweetness with these people. There has been- 
some trouble amongst them ; but 1 know God is with them. 1 was 
secretly led to treat on sanctificatioo at W/s ; and if the Lord will 
help me, I am resolved to speak more on this blessed doctrine. 
After preaching, I came to Cokesbury school, at Hardy Jones : it 
is twenty feet square, two stories high, well set out with doors and 
windows ; this house is not too large, as some others are : it stands 
on a beautiful eminence, and overlooks the Lowlands, and river 
Yadkin. 

Monday 7. I set out alone, and missing my ivay, got entangled 
in the bush and thickets, and made it about twenty miles : although 
it was a trial to me, it might be intended to prevent the poor peo- 
ple from being disappointed who came late. 

I had the pleasure of dining and drinking tea with a Moravian 
minister, who has the charge of the congregation af Muddy -Creek. 
Next day I called at Salem. 

I rode twenty miles to Levin Ward's, on the head waters of 
Dan-River, Stokes county. I was greatly fatigued, but having no 



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190 ' Ksr. FftANcis A89imT's jooiKit. fl794. 

appointmeiit lo preacb) after a good night's test, I was much re- 
freshed. Having little opportunity of being alone, I wandered 
into the field for solitude. I met with P. S from old Lynn, a 
child of Providence : after passing solemn scenes at sea, be waa 
taken and left in the Lowlands of North Carolina. First a Chris* 
tian, then a preacher. He was stationed in Guilford ; but offered 
himself a volunteer for Swanino ; which station hath been vacaDt 
nearly six months ; one of the preachers appointed there being 
sick, and the other tnarried ; and now because f have power to 
send a preacher to these poor people, some are pleased to account 
me, and call me a despot. 

Friday 11. I went to Simpson's house. I was greatly chilled^ 
and unable to preach. The house was very open, but brother B. 
sounded away bravely. It appeared as if my fingers were nearly 
frozen. I went home with brother C. and had every thing com- 
fortable. 

Saturday 12. I had a small congregation, but a good time with 
some feeling souls at brother J.'s, on my choice subject, Hebr. 
ill. 12. We have rumours of war with England. But the Lord 
reigneth, although the earth be so much disquieted. 1 spent the 
evening with brothers B. and S. 

I was in the clouds on Sunday IS. : my body was full of pata» 
and my mind much dejected. I came through Rockingham, and 
saw my old friends : lodged with father Low, who is seventy-six 
years of age, and happy in God. 

Monday 14. Brother Sands set out for Swanino, Had 1 ventured 
to Kentucky, how should 1 have stood the wilderness, with four or 
five days of such cold, rainy weather as we have lateiyhad ; I was 
thankful to God that i changed my course. I feel wholly devoted 
to God, and greatly wish to see more fruit of my labour. 

Friday 18. 1 rose early — crossed Pudding-Creek, Banister^ and 
Bearskin, and came to brother C 's, five miles from Pittsylvania 
coortrhouse. I met with my old friends Jones and W. D. and had 
a comfortable meeting. 

Virginia. — Monday 21. Rode with brothers B; and M. (who naet 
me the day before) to brother Landrum's, and gave them a short 
sermon. I was happy in the company of the dear preachers* 
Oh ! my soul, trust thou in the Lord ! O for Zion's gbry i come 
Lord Jesus, come quickly ! 

Wednesday 23. I attended the funeral of R. O. ; who, I learn, 
died of a consumption, in the fear and love of God. I wjps too 
systematical for my congregation, who were wild and unawakjened. 



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1794.] liEV* FRANCIS AB»Vliy'0 JOVfMAt. 191 

I baptiied a fenr childreD, tbeo crossed Synefl-Feity, and came 
twelve miles to brother Spencer's, in Charlotte coantj : here re* 
port saitb, that there is sad work wftb those who ba?e left us, and 
who are now exerting themselves to form as strong a party as they 
can ; the principal of these are J. O'K. £. A. J. K. and J. C 
1 learn by a letter from J. Ellis, that matters are not desperate : 
this letter, with some others, 1 shall reserve for a future day. If 
the real cause of this division was known, I think it would appear, 
that one wanted to be immoveafoly fixed in a district ; another 
wanted money ; a third wanted ordination ; a fourth wanted liberty 
to do as he pleased about slaves, and not to be called to an ac- 
count, &c. 

Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, I spent in private application. 

Sunday 27. I had a crowded congregation at Reeve's chapel, 
those who had just left us appeared very shy. I was very unwel]» 
and said but little on the division : I told them how long t had beeik 
in the country, how I had laboured, and what I had gained. After 
all we shall see what the end of all this work will be. 

Wednesday 30. I preached (though not of choice) at Charlotte 
CDurt-hOuse, here Mr. » ■' met me and charged me with saying 
at - — ^ ** that they would take off my head.'' I told htm I did not 
remember to have said so, but if 1 did, I must certainly have meant 
the Episcopacy of our Church ; he answered, that in that I was 
very right, he strove to do it With all his might ; yet he talked of 
unioriy and hoped I would do my part — At what ? Why to destroy, 
first, the Episcopacy, and then the conference — or at least its 
power and authority. I went4o Major R.'s and was treated veiy 
kindly. 

Saturday, May 2. I had a serious congregation, and a gOod 
meeting at C's. Came to Pride's church, in Amelia county, where 
there are no very great prospects. 1 was at the kind widow C's, on 
Appomattox-River, thence to brother H.'s ; where I was attended 

by brothers F— , M , B— , T , and W . I learn 

I am set forth as an enemy to the country, that I am laying up 
money to carry away to England, or elsewhere ; but in the midst 
of all, I bless God for peace in my spirit. Let them curse, but 
God win bless, and his faithful preachers will love and pity me. 

Friday 8. After preaching at S 's chapel on Peter's denial^ 
I rode to brother G—^'s, twenty miles ; my nnnd was heavy, my 
body weak and feeble ; O, that I had in the wilderness a lodging 
place ! 1 ordained brother G. and baptised his son PhiKp ; a 
dreadful rumour followed me from last Sabbaltb. I felt bumble 



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19S llEr. FRAHCI9 4S9VEY'S jovrnal. [1794. 

and thankful that I could suffer ; I think more of religion now than 
ever. O, my God, I am thine ; glory to Christ for ever ! 

Monday 11. Rode forty miles to & % and preached the 
next day; but it seemed as if my discourse had almost as well 
have been Greek, such spiritual death prevails among the people. 
After preaching, brothers H. B. W. and myself rode to brother 
W *s, in Campbell county. 

I preached in the court house at New-London, where I had a 
large, serious, and polite congregation ; I dined with my old friend, 
countryman, and neighbour, Joseph Perkins, who is superinteodent 
of the armoury. In this county (Bedford) there are thirteen 
societies of Methodists, three or four of which are large ; there 
are about ten local preachers, who labour for Christ and souls. 

Saturday 16, and Sunday 17. Was quarterly meeting at Wilson's 

chapel. The first day 1 gave place to brother B . Sabbath 

day, after sacrament, and love feast, 1 preached on Rev. iii. 20. 
The people within were serious, those without had their own talk 
and entertainment. 1 kept the Sabbath in the crowd in thie best 
manner I could. 1 came off under rain and clouds to a town called 
Liberty, and preached iii the court-house, but did not find freedom 
to eat bread or drink water in that place. Why should I receive 
aught from those who renounce my service ? I went to friend 
S — -^s, who has a eodly wife, and was kindly entertained ; I wish 
to serve the Methodists who can hear with candour ; but I am not 
fond of preaching at places where the prejudices of the people run 
so high. 

Friday 19. I had about one hundred and fifty hearers at Edson^s, 
and had liberty in preaching ; brothers M. and B. assisted me. My 
soul is in peace and perfect love. I purpose to preach present 
conviction, conversion, and sanctification. I might do many things 
better than I do ; but this I discover not till afterward. Christ is 
all to my soul ; if my labours are not blest, yet my soul shall rejoice 
in the Lord and be blest. 

Thursday 21. Came to M on Mill-Creek, in Botetourt's 

county, where I was met by brother I. £. who assisted me next 
day in preparing the minutes. 

Saturday 23. Preached at Fincastle, and had very few to hear 

except our own people ; came the same evening to E. M 's, 

where we were to hold our conference : here' I met the brethren 
from Kentucky, and received a number of letters. 

Sunday 24. I was enabled to preach a searching discourse to 
near one thousand souls on Isa. Iii. 8. 



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1794.] KEY. FRAKCIS ASBURY'S JOURNAL. 193 

Monday 25. We were closelj emplojred in the business of the 
conference. 

. Wednesday 27. We went over the mountain to Rockbridge 
cQunty. We crossed the north branch of James-River, half a mile 
from the town of Lexington ; dined at the Red House, and came to 

Mr. F 's on the south branch of Shanadoab. Thence I urged 

my way by Stanton through the rain, without any boots ; and hav- 
ing sold my oil cloth a few days before, I was wet from head to 
foot My mind is in peace, waiting till my change come — hanging 
on Jesus for everlasting rest. We have a valuable house here, 
(Newtown) and three local preachers ; at Charlestown a good 
house and one local preacher ; I feel as though it would ^be a long 
time before 1 go through this country again. For some days I 
bave.had an inflammatory complaint in my ear, it is now removed 
into my mouth. 

I spent Monday 25th, and Tuesday 26th at brother 's, and 

was^vecy much indisposed. Came to Winchester; here is a good 
meeting-house. I had many to hear my very feeble ^testimony on 
Romans v. 10. Doctor — — made a gargle of rose leaves, 
mtre, and spirits of vitriol, which was of use to my throat. I 
came on Thursday to J, H.'s, and employed brother A. to preach, 
my throat cqutinoing very bad. ^ I found my mind greatly resigned 
to the will of God under my a£9iction. 

Sick, wet, and weary, I found a comfortable retreat in the house 
of R. Hamson; I have not been so thoroughly soaked in two 
years. ; I think I have need of a leathern coat that will stand all 
weathers. I got two men to canoe me across the river; they 
brought me over safe, and appeared to be satisfied with a quarter 
of a dollar each. Saturday was an awful day to me ; my ear was 
exceedingly painful. 

Sunday, June 1. I ventured to the church in the rain, and bore 
a feeble testimony for nearly an hour on 2 Pet. i. 4. 

It was with difficulty I could attend the conference ; my throat, 
and passage to the ear being inflamed, and I had also a chill and 
high fever. We had preaching morning, noon, and night, and had 
peace and consolation in our deliberations. On the last day of the 
conference I delivered a discourse on 1 Cor. i. 5. and we conclu- 
ded with a solemn sacrament. 

I next came to Shanadoab county. We have had awful rains 
or about two weeks-rto these. I have been exposed in my afflicted 
state. 

Vol. IL 25 



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194 EBV. FRmcis isttuay's joobhal. [1794. 

Saoday 8. Preached at Newtown, little notice being gi?en, and 
few people attending. 

Monday 9. Rested at brotbor Phelp's. My mind is in peace ; 
but I feel the spiritaal death of the people; they are not what 
they were in religion. I am now on Uie head branches of Opec- 
ken. I stopped awhile at J. H.'s, and then came on to Shepherds- 
Town. It was a very instructing time to me ; I cannot pretend to 
preach ; yet I talk a little to the dear people, who flock to see and 
hear' me by hundreds. I hope to be as mnch resigned to a lifb of 
affliction as a life of health ) and thus may I be perfect in lore and 
wholly crucified with Christ ! I concluded after my high fever, 
and my being forced to bed, that it was out of the question for me 
to attempt to speak ; but when I saw the people coming on erery 
side, and thought ** This may be the last time,** and considered 1 
I had not been there for nearly five years, I took my staff, &intly 
ascended the hill, and held forth on 1 John i. 6, 7. and felt 
strengthened, having a clear view of the word of God. — After 
meeting, we administered the sacrament, and I then returned to 
my bed. I preached at Fredencktown. Rode to Liberty ; when 
I came there, I was so faint, and my strength so spent, that i felt as 
if I could by no means attempt to preach ; but after brother R. 
had Sling a hymn and prayed, I made a feeble attempt on Gal. i. 
11, 12. 

Maryland. — Tuesday 17. I rode twenty-three miles to the 
stone chapel, where 1 preached on Peter's denial of his Lord. 

Wednesday 18. I once more came to Baltimore; where, after 
having rested a little, I submitted to have my likeness taken: it 
seems they will want a copy ; if they wait longer, perhaps they 
may miss it. Those who have gone from us in Virginia, have 
drawn a picture of me, which is not taken from ike life. We called 
a meeting at Cokesbory, and made some regulations relative to the 
salaries of the teachers, and the board of the students. I return- 
ed to Baltimore, and spent Sabbath day 22 there, and found the 
people but dull. Brother M^C. took his stand at the wind-msll 
between town and Point. My soul was quickened whilst apf^ying 
these words, *' Every knee shall bow, of things in heaven, things on 
earth, and things under the earth, and every tongue shall confess 
that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father ;** I was 
grieved to find' the hearts of the people so cold in religion : the 
world is a thief, stealing the heart from God. 

Monday 23. Set out for Philadelphia. Spent a day at college. 



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I,7d4«] REV. FBANCI9 AflBURV'S. JOVRNAt* 195 

Wednesday 26. I reached J. H— — 'i, very uowell with bodily 
infirmities, bat I found Christ with me. Next day we breakfasted 
ivith brother M— , at Newport, dined at Chester, and preached 
ID the eyening at Philadelphia, after riding forty miles. 1 was 
fveak and heavy in body and soul. I spent Friday in writing to 
my brethren in v^ioos parts who called for my advice. 

PjsNKSTLTAiHA.— Sunday 29. i preached at the new African 
church. Our colonred brethren are to be goremed by the doc- 
trine and discipline of the Methodists. We had some stir among 
the people at Ebenezer. In the evening we had a cold time at 
the great church on Amos iv. M. This has been a hard day's 
work. 

New-Jer8et. — ^Monday 30. I rode to Trenton an exceedingly 
fvarm day, and preached in the evening. We rode to Kingston ; 
thence to Brunswick ; thence to Bonham-town, and were weary 

enough when we got to Mr. B — -'b. Poor brother S almost 

fainted, and went, outdone, to bed. 

Came to Elizabethtown, and was grieved at the conduct of some 
of the preachers. Oh, how careful should each one be lest he 
become a stumbling-block and destroy precious souls ! As I can*- 
oot help, so neither am I to answer for other men's sins. 

Wednesday, July 2. I gave them a close discourse on 2 Cor. 
vii. 1. 1 had four Methodist and one Presbyterian minister to 
hear me, and we had some life in our souls. 

Thursday 3. Came faint and weary to Powles-Hook, and felt 
joy mind solenm and devoted to God. Thence crossed over to 
Kew-York, and found my friends kind and full of the world. 

New -York.— Friday 4. Was the anniversary of Independence, 
I preached on 2 Pet. iii. 20, 21 : wherein-^ 
. I. 1 showed that all real Christians had escaped the pollutions of 
the world. 

II. That it is possible for them to be entangled therein again 
and overcome. 

III. That when this is the case they torn from the holy com- 
mandments delivered unto them. 

IV. That the last state of such is worse than the first : for God 
is provoked, Christ slighted, the Spirit grieved, religion disho- 
noured, their understanding is darkened, the will is perverted, the 
conscience becomes insensible, and all the affections unmoved 
under the means of grace ; they keep the wisdom of the serpent, 
but lose the harmlessness of the dove. 



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196 REV. FRAprcis asbury's journal. [1794. 

At dinner Mr. P— - spoke a word in JTavour of Mr. G— 
(who was once with ns, as also he bad been) this brought on an 
explanation of matters : my answer was, 1. That I did not make 
rules, but had to execute them. 2. That any one whq desired me 
to act unconstitutionally, either insulted me as an individual, or the 
conference as a body of men. I hardly know sometimes where 
to set my foot ; I must be always on my guard, and take heed to 
what I say of and before any one. Lord, make me upright in heart 
and life before thee and all men ! 

Sunday 6. My mind was much agitated about trifles. I preached 
in the morning on Hebr. xiii. 12. and we bad a little move at 
the sacrament. At three I preached in the new house, and again 
in the eveDiog at the old house, and gave a close exhortation to 
the society. 

Monday 7. Came to Berian's, near Kingsbridge, and thence to 
the White*Plains, and dined with Lawyer H - , a member of our 
society. I preached at Chester court-house to about one hundred 
people : here are some living, gracious souls. Came in the 
evening to King-street. I am not conscious of having sinned, but I 
feel the infirmities of flesh and blood, and am in continual heavi- 
ness through manifold temptations. We had a sultry aAemooii, 
and a rough ride over the rocks and hills to Bedford, where I "had 
a feeble time in the town-house, on the fall of Peter. 1 was 
sick, sore, tempted, and grieved :— and bade Bedford farewell! 

Connecticut. — Thursday 10. Came to Norwich, sixteen miles : 
thence to Fairfield, twelve miles ; and in the evening reached Po- 
quonack, making nearly forty miles, in very great debility of body. 

Friday 1 1 . We came to New-Haven ; thence to North-Haven ; 
thence to Middlefields : the rain took us as we crossed the moun- 
tains, and made it heavy work. We found it poor times. Were I to 
be paid by man for my services, I should rate them veiy high : it 
is so painful at present for me to ride, that a small sum would not 
tempt me to travel forty miles a day. I bless the Lord for daily 
a£9ictions of body and mind : O may these things terminate in my 
total resignation to the will of God ! 

Saturday 12. The rain detained us till noon ; I then came to Mid- 
dletown, and preached at three oVlock in the Separate meeting* 
house with some life. I lodged with the old prophet, Frothingham. 
After this dear old man had laboured and suffered many years, 
and had been imprisoned three times for the cause of Christ ; af- 
ter he grew old and his memory failed, and he could not receive 



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1794.] REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. 197 

the new divinity , they mistook and wredted bis words ; and his con* 
gregatioQ turned him out to starve : — but the Lord will provide. 

Sunday 13, Was a great day — we had a love-feast, and I 
preached in the court-house, aborning and evening, and brother 
S in the afternoon. 

Monday 14. Rode fourteen miles to the city of Hartford ; and 
preached once more in Strong's church — and I roared out wonder- 
fully on Matt. xi. 28 — 30. Next day we came five miles to Spen- 
cer's, in Hartford ; where we have a neat house, forty by thirty- 
four feet. Thence I rode fifteen miles to Coventry, where I had 
a large congregation, and a comfortable meeting. 

Wednesday 16. We had to make our way through heat, rocks, 
and dust, to Gargle's, at the wonderful water-works erected on the 
falls of the river : and thence to Pomfret's ; making in all thirty- 
three miles. 

Thursday 17. We came a very rough path of five miles, to 
Douglass, then hasted twelve miles to Menden ; thence to Milford, 
three miles : we stopt at Mr. 's, and brother R ^^ went for- 
ward to supply my place : 1 was not able, nor was there time to 
speak much after he had done : the heat was intense — and there 
was very little shade, this country being long since untimbered. 
> Friday 18. Rode nineteen miles to Needham : if possible the 
heat and dust were greater than before, so that by the time we 
reached the appointment, we were nearly spent ; here we met 
with brother T , and was grieved at the account of the impro- 
per conduct of , which causes noise, smoke, and fire enough. 

Saturday 19. Came to Waltham to a quarterly meeting : at 
three o'clock I gave them a discourse on the little flocks to comfort 
the affrighted sheep. Sabbath day, we had love-feast 9t eight 
o'clocjk, sermon at half past ten o'clock, and again in the afternoon : 
there was some life in the love-feast, and sacrament also. 

MASSACBusETTS.-^Monday 21.1 came to Boston unwell in body, 
and with a heavy heart. I passed the road and bridge from the 
University to Boston. A noble road and grand bridge. We have 
very agreeable lodging in this town : but have to preach, as did our 
Lord, in an upper room. We had a prayer meeting, and the Lord 
was present to bless us. 

Labour, and afi9iction of body and mind, make my poor heart 
sad, and spirits sink : why art thou cast down, O my soul, and why 
art thou disquieted within me ? hope thou in God : thou shalt yet 
praise him ! 



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198 iit:v. FRANCIS asbuat's journal. [1784. 

Tuesday 22. I took up my croM ^ud preached in a laife room, 
which was full enough, and warm enough ; 1 stood over theatreet.; 
the hojs and Jack-tars made a noise, but mine was loudest ; there 
was fire in the smoke, some, I think, felt the word, and we shall 
yet have a work in Boston : my talk was strange and true to 
some. 

Wednesday 23. I now ga hence to Lynn ; once the joy» now 
the grief of our hearts : but we must go through all for Christ and 
souls. 

Sunday 27. I gave them a sermon in the forenoon, and another 
in the afternoon. I could but rejoice in the prospect of leaving 
Lynn on Monday morning. The society here began in union. U 
is now incorporated in order to prevent the Methodists from beii% 
obliged, by law, to pay congregational tax. 

I left Boston, and passed Roxbury, Dorchester, BSiiton, Stough- 
ton, and Easton ; making it upwards of forty miles. 

Tuesday 29. Rode through Attlebury to Providence — I Jiad 
no freedom to eat bread, or drink water in that place. I found a 
calm retreat at Gen. Lippelt's, where we can rest ourselves ; the 
Lord is in this family ; I am content to stay a day, and give them a 
sermon. 

RHOPE^IsLAND^Thursday, August 1. I left Gen. Lippelt's a^d 
set out for New-London. 

Connecticut. — Friday 2. Brother R. preached in the eveniag 
in New-London. 

Saturday 3. I made my appearance in the court-house» and 
preached to about seven hundred people with considerable 
freedom. 

Sunday 4. We had love-feast in the upper room of the court- 
house ; where some spoke feelingly : our sermon and sacrament 
took up three hours. God is certainly among these people. We 
have set- on foot a sobacription to build a house of worsbtp, and 
have appointed seven trustees. 

Monday 5. Was one of the warmest days we have known. We 
left New-London and came through Norwich, twelve miles : this is 
a well improved country ; producing fine clover, oats, and flaxw 

We passed Windham, and Mansfield. We were met by a power- 
ful thunder gust ; but stepping into a house, escaped its effects : 
this is one advantage which we have in travelling in the eastern, 
rather than the western country ; in the latter, oftentimes there is 
not a house for miles 3 in the former there are houses always in 



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1794.] nev. francis asbury's journal. 199 

sight. We passed fine streams and excellent meadows ; but the 
heat was excessive, and we had no shade except now and then a 
spreading tree: our horses were' as though they had been rode 
through a brook of water. We purchased our dinner on the way^ 
and it was sweet : we laboured hard till eigHt o'clock, and came 

sick and weary to father P 's, not less, in my judgment, than 

forty miles. 

Thursday 7. A day of rest and aAiction of body : came to Tolland 
very unwelL i find my soul stayed upon God in perfect love, and 
wait his holy will in all things. 

Saturday 9. I preached in a school-house at the north end of 
Tolland, and had the house filled. 

Sunday 10. Brother R— -*^, though sick, went to Coventry, and 
I was left alone at Tolland ; where I preached in the forenoon on 
Acts iL 37, 38. with some freedom ; and in the afternoon on 
Colos. ii. 6. and found it heavy work. After meeting I was taken 
with a dysentery, (attended with great sinking of bodily powers) 
which held me most of the night. Monday I was t>etter, and 
preached in a school-house at Clhngton. I felt great dejection of 
spirit, but no guilt or condemnation. Ah I here are the iron walls 
of prejudice ; but God can break them down. Out of fifteen 
United States, thirteen are free ; but two are fettered with eccle- 
siastical chains — taxed to support ministers, who are chosen by a 
small committee and settled for life. My simple prophecy is, that 
this^nXust come to an end with the present century. The Rhode- 
Islanders began in time, and are free : — hail sons of liberty ! Who 
first began the war ? Was it not Connecticut and Massachusetts ? 
and priests are now saddled upon them. O what a happy people 
would these be if they were not thus priest-ridden ! It is well for 
me that I am not stretching along, while my body is so weak and 
the heat so intense ; brother Roberts is with me, and we both only 

do the work of one man in public. I heard read a roost 

severe letter from a citizen of Termont, to the clergy and Chris- 
tians of Connecticut, striking at the foundation and principle of the 
hierarchy, and the policy of Yale-College, and the Independent 
order. It wa^ expressive of the determination of the Vermonters 
to continue free from ecclesiastical fetters : to follow the Bible, 
and give liberty, equal liberty, to all denominations of professing 
Christians. If so, why may not the Methodists (who have been 
repeatedly solicited) visit these people also. 

Tuesday 12. I rode over the rocks to the Square Ponds, and 
found our meeting-house as I left it two^ years ago, open and un- 



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1 



200 REV. FRANCIS ASBUIlY^S JOURNAL. [lT94i 

finished. We have here a few gracious souls : I preached on 
Luke xiii. 24. and lodged with brother G , who was exceed- 
ingly kind to man and horse. 

Wednesday 13. Came to brother M 's, on a branch of the 

Alemantick. Our friends and the people in North^Stafford had 

appointed for me to preach in Mr. 's meeting-house : to tbts 

I submitted, but it was not my choice : I was loud, pimn, and 
pointed, on Rom. viii. 6, 7. Mr. — was present, and after 
meeting kindly invited me to his house. The soil of this country 
' is naturally poor, but made rich by cultivation : it is blest with 
good stone to build chimneys, and to make walls or fences, that 
may boast of strength and duration to the end of time. 

1 went beyond my strength at brother M-^ — ^*8 ; we had a crowd 
of hearers, and some melting among the people. I felt myself so 
moved that I could not be calm. 1 gave them a sermon in West- 
Stafford, on Hebr. iii. 12, 13, 14. I am awfully afraid many io 
these parts have departed from the love, favour, and fear of CM. 
I was led to treat particularly on unbelief, as the soul-defttroying* 
sin : it keepeth men from turning to God ; and it is by this sin tliilt 
the heart first departs from God; to prevent which. Christians 
ought to exhort one another daily, lest they be hardened tbrough 
the deceitfulness thereof, and so become cast-aways; Cameta 

Esq. S 's : In the evening, I felt much hurt by thie exertions 

I had made for precious souls. 

Saturday 16. I rode up the hills, where we had some close 
talk ; I observed there was good attention, and some melting in the 
congregation. I came to L. S.'s ; here some of the young people 
are with us, and the old people prefer hearing the Methodists 
preach to the hearing of sermons read. 

Sunday 17. I came to the new chapel in Wilbraham, forty by 
thirty-four feet ; neatly designed on the Episcopal plan. I was, un- 
well and under heaviness of mind. I preached to about four iMin- 
dred people, who were very attentive, but appeared to be very 
little moved. The standing order have moved their hou^e into 
the street, not far from ours ; and they think, and say, they can 
make the Methodist people pay them : but I presume in this they 
are mistaken. 

Monday 18. Came to S. B.'s — ^and was at home, feeling com« 
fortable in body and mind. 

Tuesday 19. i preached at Mr. R.'s ; and was led on a sudden 
to open and apply Phil. ii. 12, 13. ; 1. Who are addressed ? Chris- 
tian believers ; 2. The leading subject — ^future and eternal salva- 



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1794.] REV. FRAKjCia ASBVRY's JOmEtlTAL. SOI 

tioD ; to avoid legality, AntiDomianism, and lukewarmneas ; 3. That 
he hath, aod doth work in them to will and to do ; to resist tempta- 
tion ; to be sanctified ; and to be finally saved ; 4. They should 
work oat their own salvation, by being fi>und in every means of 
grace ; attending to mercy, justice, truth, and love ; 5. With fear, 
where many have failed ; with trembling, where many have fallen. 
Some were not well pleased at this Anti-Calvinistic doctrine ; but 
I cannot help that. I have been mnch tried, and much blessed ; 
weak in body, but, I trust, happy in Christ — in the precious love 
of Jesus. 

Wednesday 20. I bad a quiet retreat at brother W.'s. My 
mind enjoys peace ; and my soul shall breathe after the salvation 
of dearly bought souls. Mr. S. a minister of the standing order, 
held a meeting near us at the same time : whether this were in 
opposition or not, he knowetb. I preached on '* Seek the Lord, 
and ye shall live." — 1. The death to which those are exposed who 
have not found the Lord ; 2. The life those do and shall enjoy who 
have found, and do live to the Lord — a life of faith, love, and holi- 
ness here, and glory hereafter ; 3. We must seek him in all the 
oseans of grace. Rode in i\ke evening to father A.'s, in Spring- 
field ; a kind family. Here I gave them a short sermon on Acts 
ii. 22.; I showed 1. What we must be saved from ; 2. That we 
cannot save ourselves ; 3. On whom we must call for salvation ; 
4. That whosoever thus calls on the name of the Lord, without 
distinction of age, nation, or character, shall be saved. 

Friday 22. We came to mother K.'s, in Enfield, a capital town 
in Massachusetts. The inhabitants one hundred and fifty miles up 
the river, send down the white pine logs by means of the freshets 
at the breaking up of the winter and frost : the people up the 
stream mark them ; and the people here take them up, and are 
paid for it, or purchase the logs. It is said, that if the proprietor 
is paid for two-thirds of those he puts into the river, he is content, 
and well rewarded for his labour. 

Sunday 24. I was well attended at the Separate meeting-house, 
where I applied Acts v. 29—33. We had a solemn sacrament ; 
but O ! my soul is distressed at the formality of these people. Bro- 
ther Roberts preached in the afternoon to a crowded bouse, and at 
five o'clock I had to preach to a few sermon-stupified hearers of 
different denominations. Oh my Lord ! when wilt thou agaio visit 
the people of this place. I have read Lowman on the Jewish 
Government : strange that it should be so much like the British 

Vol. IL 26 



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202 RET. FRA8CIS ASBORT's JCHnUTAl. [1794. 

go?€rmiieiit, aod ancient New-England : bot the Wonder ceaM* 
when we know the writer was an En^islunan. Now I soppose I 
haTe foond oat how the Boetenians were OMTed to call die General 
Astembly a court, and their memberB deputies — tbej ibUowed 
Lowman. 

Taesday 26. I rode twel? e miles to Wapping. I was happj to 
hare an opportanity of retreating a little into mach lored solitude 

at Capt. S % a man of good sense and great kindness. I had 

some enlargement on Isai. Ir. 6 — 9. and was enabled to speak with 

power and demonstration. I preached at T. S ^s bam : mj 

spirits were sank at the wickedness of the people of this place. 
My subject was Isai. liir. 1 — 7. O what mountains are in the 
way I Idolatry, superstition, prejudice of education, infideli^, 
riches, honours, and the pleasures of the world. Ver. 7. *' None 
calleth." Prayer of every kind is almost wholly neglected. 
" That stirreth up himself." Oh ! how might men address their 
own souls : as, O ! my soul, hast thou had conviction, penitence, 
faith, regeneration ? Art thou ready to enter the unseen, unknotvn 
state of happiness, and stand before God ? or wilt thou be content 
to make thy bed in belt ? 

I lodged at the oldest house in Windsor, with another brother 
S ■ , not unlike the captain. Notwithstanding his certificate 
from the Methodists be has been taxed to pay a ministry he heareth 
not. O liberty ! O priestcraft ! So all that withdraw must pay 
the ministry. 

I can scarcely find a breath of living, holy, spiritual religion 
here, except amongst a few women in East-Hartford. If there 
should continue to be peace in America, yet I am afraid that God 
will punish the people himself for their wickedness — ^it may be 
by pestilence, or civil discord, or internal plague. 

Saturday 30. We were called upon to baptise a child, which 
JUr, — ,.-. refused to do, because the parents owned the covenanl 
and have now broken it. This is the way to bind people to the 
good old church. 

Sunday 3!. My aiBiction of body and mind was great at Spencer- 
town, yet I had a solemn time in preaching in the new tabernacle 
to about ^our hundred people on Luke xxiv. 45 — 46. After an 
hour's recess we came together again, and some were offended, 
and others convicted, while I enlarged on *< The promise is to 
you and your children." I was in public exercise about five 
hours, including sacrament, and was so outdone with heat, labour, 
and sickness, that I could take but little rest that night. 



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1794,] RXV. FRANCIS ASBVRT^S JOURNAL. 20$ 

Monday, September 1. I rode to the plaioi of Ellington, and 
Beit day to Wilbrabam, and was kindly treated by S« S-— . I 
preached at the next house, and we had a dreadful talk to a mise- 
rable, faithless people. We rode two miles in the heat, and 1 was 
near fainting, and felt almost like Jonah. 

Thorsdajf 4. We opened our conference with what preachers 
were present. I was still weak in body. I lodged with Abel 
Bliss, whose son was educated, and not spoiled^ at Cokesbury. 

Friday 5. We had a full house, and hasted through much 
business. 

Saturday 6. Brother L. R— and myself preached. My sub- 
ject was Mai. iii. 1 — 4. I treated on the coining and work of 
John the Baptist ; the coming, work, and doctrine of Christ, and 
bis changing the ordinances and priesthood, with the ministry and 
discipline of the church.. 

Sunday 7. We spent from eight to nine o'clock in prayer : a ser- 
mon, three exhortations, and the sacrament followed. We parted 
at three o'clock, and I came to Enfield, and got my dinner at seven 
o'clock in the evening. 

Monday 8. We spent this day on the road ; passing Windsor and 
East-Hartford, and came to the city. The next day we reached 
Middletown, where I was taken ill. We have a call for preachers 
to go to New-Hampshire and to the Province of Maine. 

Wednesday 10. We rose at three, and set out at five o'clock, and 
breakfasted at North-Haven. We came in the evening to Strat- 
ford, and had a little meeting, . although I was heavy, sick, and 
sleepy. 

Thursday 11. We rode to General W.'s. Here I learn they 
guard Kingsbridge, and will not suffer any one to pass from New- 
Haven. It is also said, the pestilential fever prevails in the city 
of New-York, paving been brought there by a brig from the 
Islands. I thought it best to stop, and consult the preachers in (he 
Albany district, before t go into the city. As the yeilow fever is so 
prevalent in the West Indies and our vessels continually trading 
there, the United States will partake, I fear, of their plagues ; and 
so the Lord will punish us for our sins and prodigality. I only 
wish to be holy ; and then, let come whatever the Lord pleases. 
I came through Poquonnock, FairBeld, and Norwalk ; but there 
is no room for the Methodists in those places. 

We had a pleasant ride, within sight of Long Island, on the salt- 
water creeks, where there are tide mills which work very swiAly 



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204 REV. FRANCIS AS&URT^S JOVKttAJL. [17d4. 

and powerfully. Brothers R. and P. left me to att^d the quar- 
terly meeting at Dan-Town, and I spent my time in retirement. 

Friday 12. 1 filled my minute-book, and read freely in the 
Bible ; this book is so much hated by Qome ; as for me 1 will love 
and read it more than ever. 

Saturday 13. Very warm and I was very feint. I preached in a 
new open house, and had a sweet comforting time on Luke xit. 31, 
32. Here I met brother Dunham from Upper Canada, who wants 
more preachers in that province. 

Sunday 14. Although very unwell, I crept out to administer the 
sacrament, and preached a little on Rom. xiii. 11. I must needs 
go through Bedford. O ! how should I learn, whatever 1 think, to 
say but little ; it was the sin of meek Moses, when pressed hard, 
to speak unadvisedly with his lips. This country is so rough and 
ridgy that we cannot get forwards except it be along the road to 
the landing, or to some capital place. 

New-York. — My horse having wandered and left me, I borrow- 
ed a horse, and on Monday rode to lawyer H.'s ; and the next day 
came in a carriage to New-Rochelle : after preaching on Hebr. 
iii. 12. I lodged near the place I preached at twenty *three years 
ago. 

Wednesday 17. I came near Kingsbridge, and found thai it was 
not as had been reported concerning the malignant fever in New- 
York; perhaps a dozen might have taken the infection from a 
vessel; but it hath not spread, and the weather became profM- 
tious by rain and pure winds. On Thursday the 18th I came into 
the city. 

Sunday 21. I preached in the old house on Psalm cxxxii. : at 
the new church in the afternoon on Psalm i. : and at Brooklyn in 
the evening. Here our brethren have built a very good house. 
The labours of the day, pain of body, and my concern for the 
peace of the. church, tended to keep me from proper rest, and 
caused an awful night. ^ 

Monday 22. We opened conference, and sat closely *to our busi- 
ness. Several of our preachers want to know what they shall do 
when they grow old — I might also ask, what shall I do ? Perhaps 
many of them will not live to grow old. 

Tuesday 23. I preached with liberty ; but on Thursday night I 

; had a powerful temptation before I went into the church, which 

sat so heavily on me that I could not preach ; yet I trust I was kept 

from sin. My sleep is so little, that my head becomes dizzy, and 



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1704.] EftT. FRANCIS ASBVRt'S JOIIUNAL. 205 

distresses me much : four hours' sleep io the night is as much as I 
eao obtain. We concluded our work ; and observed Friday as a 
day of abstinence and prayer, and had a good time at our loye-feast* 
. Sunday 28, Preached at ten o'clock at Brooklyn. In the afler- 
Doon at the new church on ** Wo to them that are at ease in 
Zion i" I ordained seven deacons and five elders ; and in the eve- 
ning, at the old church, I preached again : we had the best time at 
the last, at least it was so to me. All day I was straitened in my 
throat, and in my heart. We collected two hundred and fifty dol- 
lars for the relief of the preachers in distress. 
. This has been a serious week to me : money could not purchase 
the labour and exercise I have gone through. At this conference 
it was resolved that nothing but an English free day-school should 
l>e kept at Cokesbury. 

Monday 29. I did not. sleep after three o'clock in the morning. 
Came to the boat at seven o'clock, but could not get across till one 
^o'clock ; which, to my no small grief, prevented my attending my 
appointment on Staten-Island. ' 

^ew-Jbrset. — Tuesday 30. Rose at three o'clock. Set out at 
five o'^clock, and rode forty-two miles to Milford, and preached ; 
but I found this heavy work. 

Wednesday, October 1. I had some life in preaching at Cros- 
week's meeting-house. I then came to brother Hancock's, and 
took sweet counsel with my old friend, whose wife I received as a 
member of society twenty-two years ago. I was in suspense abopt 
going through Philadelphia, lest I should not reach Baltimore in . 
due time. Now report saith that they have stopped the Baltimore 
stage on account of the malignant fever, which rages powerfully 
at the Point. There is a great stir among the people concerning 
the western insurrection ; the people have risen up against govern- 
ment on account of the excise law relative to the distillation of 
spirits. A number of the militia are called out : thus trouble comes 
on in church and state. O, my Lord, give us help ; for vain is the 
help of man ! 

Thursday 2. f came to Burlington ; and as I had not had a day 
to myself for some time, 1 took one now, to read, write, and fill up 
my journal, &c. I feel for the church, and continent: but the 
Lord sitteth above the water-floods, and remaineth a King for ever. 
I preached at Burlington, and the people were serious. 

PENNSYLVANiA.-«-Saturday, October 4. Brother M. and myself 
eame to Philadelphia ; and on 



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206 REr. jriUNcis ASBviiy's jovrnal. [i7d.4* 

Sanday 5. I preached three times ; and was not a little fatigued 
with this daj's labour : I felt assisted^and had 84)me Qpeoiogs in 
preaching. 

Monday 6. Oar conference began, and our matters were talked 
over freely. 6ar session continued until Friday, by which time I 
felt tired of the city, and had a desire to be on horseback. I 
ha?e felt liberty in preaching to the citizens, and indulge some 
hope of a revival of religion among them. 

Saturday 11. Rode thirty-five miles to sister Grace's, at Co- 
yentry, who, with her daughter and granddaughter, are, I trust, 
happy in God. I visited this house twenty years ago. Sister Grace, 
when in a dilirium, was singing and talking about God. I spent a 
solitary Sabbath at her bouse, and was happy in speaking at her 
door, (she being sick.) 

Monday 13. Brother Cook and myself had a heavy ride of 
nearly fifty miles to J. H— — 's, which we accomplished by travel- 
ling a little in the night. 

Tuesday 14. I preached at Bethel, on Back-Creek ; and on 
Wednesday 15 crossed Elk-River, and came to quarterly meeting 
at Hart's meeting-house. I spent the evening with my dear son in 
Jesus, D. S : t cannot give him up. 

MARYiiAND.*— -Thursday 16. Crossed Susquehannah, and came to 
Cokesbury college. 1 found it £1200 in debt, and that there 
were between 5 and £600 due us, £300 of what we owe ought 
now to be paid. 

Saturday 18. We came to Perry Hall. The preachers were 
afraid to go into Baltimore, but the brethren from there came out 
to calm their fears and invited them in. I have been hurried, and 
have not as much time for retirement as my soul panteth for— yet 
I desire nothing but Christ. 

Monday 20. We rode to Baltimore ; and in the afternoon opened 
our conference : we had about fifty preachers, including proba- 
tioners : our business was conducted in peace, and love. Myself 
and others being unwell, we sat only six hours in the day. 

Tuesday 21. . I gave them a sermon on Exodus xxxii, 26. We 
had a list of names from Fairfax ; who required an explanation of 
a minute in our form of discipline, relative to the trial of members : 
inquiring whether the '* select members were as witiiessess, or 
judges, and had power to vote members in or out of society." 
(Sec. 8. p. 56.) We answered them. 

Our collegiate matters now came to a crisis. We now make a 



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17d4.J Rsr. vKAndts asbvry's joUvlval. S07 

stiddeir and dead pause ;**-we mean to incorporate, and breathe, 
and take some better plan. If we cannot have a Christian 6cb<M>1, 
(i. e. a school andeir Chirstian discipline and pious teachers) we 
will have none. I had peace of mind, but not much rest. 

Sunday S6. We had a comfortable love-feast, l^ut were prevented 
from attending our other meetings by the excessive rains. The 
next day 1 came to Elk-Ridge ; where I saw, after twenty-two 
years' labour, a well designed frame of a new house for public wor* 
ship ; a few good women are trustees* The storm prevented me 
from having a congregation here also. Came to J. Holland's, 
where I had a few hearers, and bad a comfortable time ; it was 
like paradise regained among the old Methodists. 

Virginia. — Thursday 30. Crossed the Patomac, at the mouth of 
Goose-Creek ; and came, unexpected by the brethren, to Lees- 
burg. Thence we journeyed on through Prince William andFau- 
quier counties. We passed Germantown, and came along Rogues* 
Road, to Norman's ferry, on Rappahannock. After a disagreeable 
journey, and being exposed to uncomfortable weather, on Tues- 
day, the 4th of November, we came safe to father Kaubler's, in 
Culpepper county. Thank the Lord, there is here and there a 
house for God. At father K.'s I had many women and but few 
men to hear* Some of the men are gone to war, some to their > 
spOrts, and some have no desire to hear. 

We rode ten miles to brother Frye's : after a long absence often 
years 1 am here again. My mind is in great peace, and the preach- 
ers and people appear pleased to see me. I learn that about 
the month of Jane last died the great politician Richard Henrjr 
Lee, of Westmoreland county ; one who took an active part in {Pro- 
moting the independence of the United States of America. O, 
when will liberty be extended to the sable sons of Africa ! We 
trust the happy period wilL come, when universal light shall shine 
through all the earth, and Jesus shall reign 

-** Where-e'er the sun, 



Does his successive journeys ran ; 

His kingdom spread from shore to shore, 

Till SOD shall rise and set no more." - 

Thursday 6. 1 had some life, and there was a small stir on the 
minds of some at Frye's, where we had a crowd of preachers and 
people. 

Friday 7. Crossed one of the south branches of Rappahannock, 
called the Rapid-Ann, and came thirty miles to J. L — — 's in Lou^ 
ifla county. 



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90$ 9JEf. rAAVCis AsnjKT*s JoinuiAL. [n94» 



Saturday 8, and Sondaj 9. Attended die qnarteilj aw Lel in fc at 
Latdey'a meeting-boaie ; we had a lai^ge c on gtcgati on, a ^ni^en- 
lAg facrameot, and life in the loTe^feaat I feel it neceamy to re* 
tire and bumble mjielf before the Lord : I have been crowded 
with company, an4 have had much talk, and I find a aolitary walk 
▼ery a^preeable. 

I attended a few appointments b Hanover, and Groochland coon- 
ties ; and on Saturday 15 came to the dty of Richmond, abont 
fire o^cIock, and preached to a few pe<^Ie in Mr. Parrot's store- 
house. 

Sunday 16. We came to a church near brother B ^'s, where 

were gathered many people, among whom were some sons of din- 
sion. Here were many pale faces, and (as I was told afterward) 
some who had been making solemn promises in their a£9iction, 
wondered how 1 should know, and speak so pertiaently on that 
subject. Thence we came to brother 1. M.'s, in Chesterfield; 
and the next day crossed Appomattox and Nottaway riTers, and 
reached to B. Jones in Brunswick county, on our way to Bruns- 
wick quarterly meeting at Meritt's chapel. It was rather a doll 
time, although I had some freedom in speaking, and we had a good 
love-feast. 

Saturday 22, and Sunday 23. Attended a quarterly meeting at 
Jones's chapel in Sussex county, where we had many people : I 
preached on Deut. ix. 12. — ^too applicable to many of these soob. 
The rumour of the small-pox being at Petersburg, and only ten 
or twelve, out of seventy or eighty of the preachers, having had 
it, it caused us to think of holding our conference at sister Mabry's 
in Greenville county, where there are fifteen or sixteen houses that 
will receive and entertain the preachers. After sending brother 
Hutt to Petersburg, it was, by a mojority of the preachers present, 
judged most prudent to hold the conference at the place just men- 
tioned. 9 

Monday 24. About thirty preachers were collected tbgether. I 
am crowded too much for my head and heart : when I sit and hear 
people talk on unprofitable subjects, it clouds my head and grieves 
my spirit, even if 1 say nothing. ^ 

Tuesday 25. We opened our conference, and had great sift- 
ings and searchings, especially on the subject of slavery. The 
preachers almost unanimously entered into an agreement and reso- 
lution not to hold slaves in any state where the law will allow 
them to manumit them, on pain of forfeiture of their honour and 
their place in the itinerant connexion ; -and in any state where the 



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17^4.] R£V. FRANCIS ASBITAY^S JOUANAL. 209 

law will not admit of mamimission they agreed to pay them the 
worth of their labour^ and when they die to leave them to some 
person or persons, or the society, in trust, to bring about their 
liberty. After raising and applying what money we could (which 
liiaa about £60) we calculated that one fourth of the preachers at 
this conference had received for their salary the past year 
about £10 ; one half from about 12 to £15, and one fourth their 
full quarterage (sixty-four dollars). We had great peace, and not 
one preacher objected to bis station. We sent an apology to our 
brethren in Petersburg for not having held conference there, 
according to appoifitment, for reasons already assigned. We 
were greatly obliged to our friends in Greenville for accommo- 
dating the conference. Men and horses were well entertained— 
all for love. 

Monday, December 1. I rode twenty-seven miles, and on Tues- 
day 2, I preached at F. B- 's, twelve /niles from Petersburg. 

Wednesday 3. Came to J. Smith's, and had a comfortable sea- 
son. Brother S has been on the verge of eternity, and was 

Uest with delightful prospects of glory, but the Lord has raised 
him up ag^n. 

Thursday 4. Came to Grave- s chapel, very unwell ; here lived 
brother Lewis Lloyd, who leil this worid this year. He was an 
old preacher, and professed perfect love fifteen years before his 
death, and finally departed in the triumphs of faith. 

Friday 5. I preached at Rivers's chapel, and made it twenty 
miles by the time I reached brother Petham's in Greenville. I 
was heavy in body and spirit. I am not conscious of having sin- 
ned, yet I suffer on account of the people. I delighted myself in 
reading some of Doddridge's Sermons to Young People. To the 
young persons present I preached at brother P 's on Satur- 
day ; and on Sunday 7, rode twenty-eight or thirty miles to brother 
Paup's, on Roses-Creek, where I enlarged on Peter^s fall. Our 
burdensome stone^ Ebenezer, now gives us some trouble and care. 
If we 4:an employ good men, keep up discipline, and maintain 
credit, it may come to something. 

Monday 8. I performed the funeral rites of sister W — — , on 
Waquae-Creek, Brunswick county. We had a full house of un- 
feeling people, and the word of the Lord was a burden. I opened 
the Bible on Jer. xiv. 10. Let any one read it as an awful por- 
tion — it may be it is as true to these people as it was to Israel. I 
bad a meeting with the trustees of Ebenezer school. Matters 

Vol. II. 27 



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210 REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOURNAL. [1794, 

are very discouraging ; people in general care too little for the 
education of their children. 

Tuesday 9. Preached at Williams's meeting-house. These are 
a poor people, not impoverished with slaves ; but they have a good 
meeting-house, with a glass window behind the pulpit, so that we 
can see to read without raising a shutter and receiving all the wind 
that comes, though this is in Lunenburg county, near Mother 
Ogburn's, where we used to have our melting seasons twenty 
years ago. We dined with the gracious aged people, and in the 
evening crossed Meherrin, and came to S. Holmes's, an ancient 
stand in Mecklenburg. Next day I preached at Salem, where 
there is the best house we have in the country part of Virginia* 
In^ this neighbourhood there has been a society standing for twen- 
ty-one years. Rode in the evening to brother Spedd's — rich and 
full, and a friend to freedom. 

Thursday 11. Preached and administered the sacrament at 
Youngs's chapel ; and came in the evening to T. Jones's. £)ear sis- 
ter Jones is gone to rest, after two years of deep affliction. She 
hits had a painful journey through life ; but her persecutions ap4 
troubles are now at an end ; and heaven will compensate for all« 
She made choice of Job iii. 1% for her funeral text ; and with gi^eat 
deliberation disposed of her property, i preached her funeral pn 
Friday 12th, and found it a serious day to me. I never saw her more 
than twice or thrice, and we have interchanged a few letters. She 
was doubtless a woman of sense, vivacity, and grace. She wrote 
to admiration — all in raptures. She would pray in any place, and 
before any people ; she reproved with pointed severity, and^sung 
with great sweetness. 

North Carolina. — Saturday 13. . We crossed Roanoak, and 
came to Mr. Smith's, in Granville county. On Sunday 16thxross- 
ed Mountain and Grassy Creeks, and came to brother Owens's, 
whose wife is a true daughter of D. Grant, my dear old friend in 
Georgia. He was among the last fruits of that great man Mr. 
Davies, when he laboured in Hanover in Virginia, forty years ago. 

Monday 15. Crossed the head streams of Tar-River, which are 
only small branches, and rode on to R 's (where I had, an ap- 
pointment ;) and found I had another twenty-five miles forward at 

L 's : so I left brother C to fill up my place, and went 

forward to the latter; where I preached to about two hundred 
people. I feel weak in body and mind, yet find my soul stayed 
upop God. «VStill onwards I go," fainting yet fighting. 



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1^94.] • REV. FRANtJIS A8BURX'S JOURNAL. 211 

* Thursday 18. I have a long journey to Charleston, (S. C.) and 
but fifteen days to perform it ; having appointed to be there the 
1st of January. 

Friday 19. We rode twenty-five miles through a powerful fall of 
rain ; but we wrought our way through the swamps, fioating^ and 
sinking as we went. 

' Saturday 20. It snowed as powerfully as it rained yesterday ; 
however, we set out for Salem about nine o'clock, and forded two 
creeks; but the third we swam. Brother Ward went in, and 
aifter a pause I followed ; but being cloaked up, my horse nearly 
flipped from under me : one foot was properly soaked. I walked 
about one mile and rode another, and reached the town about 
twelve o'clock, just as' they were ringing the bell. Feeling the 
want of a fire, I weat to the tavern ; but I found but one fire-place 
there ; I sat down with the company, and dried my feet a little, 
until my companions came along. I have need of power, (and I am 
accused of having too much) to stand such days as this : my soul is 
kept in peace and communion with God ; and, through grace, I 
vyiTl not murmur at my sufierings whilst the salvation of souls is my 
end and aim. We found a home at father Hill's, from Maryland, 
about three o'clock, having rode nineteen miles to-day, and thirty 
yesterday. I was thankful for a house and friends, and an oppor- 
tunity of putting into port. It is a comfort to remember there re- 
maineth a rest for the people of God. 

Sunday 21. I came to Cokesbury school; and after preaching 

on 1 Cor. XV. 58.' I rode down to brother Charles Caton's., Here 

a few souls have been brought to God since I was in these *parts in 

JMay last. 

' Monday 22. We were detained some time at Long's ferry by 

a wagon, and a number of horses. Mrs. entertained us 

very kindly, and her husband gave us a hearty welcome when lie 
came home, and found out _who we were. It was expected by 
some that I should preach at Salisbury, but I did not ; so we rode 
on and reached the widow B.'s about eight o'clock at night, having 
rode thirty miles. 

' Tuesday 23. We set out at sunrise : the morhing was cold and 
frosty. W^e rode ten miles and fed at A.'s; thence we hasted 
twenty-five miles to J. R.'s, took a late dinner, and rode to W. 
R.'s, making upwards of forty miles. Next day we had to swim 
Rocky-River ; we then passed Newtown, and made it thirty miles 
to Jackson's. 



i 

I 



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212 REV* FEANCIS ASBtAY's JOURNAL. [1705. 

Tharsday 2d. Christmas day. We changed oar couree^ and took 
the grand Camden road to great Lynch's . Creek, thirty mile9^ 
When I came to Mr. Evans's and told my name, I was inyited to 
stay ; and it was well for us that we did^ 

Friday 26. I came off about sunrise ; apd made forty miles ta 
Puhlius James Rembert's : I was hungry, sore, and very low spiril* 
ed ; here we found a warm house, comfortable table, (which was 
Tery acceptable) good bed and fire, with very kind friends. Lord, 
dispose us to humility before Thee, and bless our benefactors I 
James Rogers and Samuel Cowls were my faithful attendants. I 
bear my friend John Hughes, of Charleston, is dead. From what 
1 learn of him in his last illness, I. trust the dear old man is gone 
safe. William Adams and Captain Darrell of the same place, 
ha?e been cast away and drowned ; strange changes take place m 
a very short time. O my God ! help me to be each moment on 
my guard, ready for death . and jpdgmeot The land we caine 
through yesterday is poor, and but thinly settled — a plantation once, 
in three or four miles. The long-leared lofty pines have a grand 
appearance. 

Sunday evening 28. Rode after preaching to brother Bradford's^. 
Monday 29th to Bowman's. Tuesday ^Oth we had to wrestle 
with Santee Swamp for three hours, having to> wade the fiat ground 
then under water ; but through mercy we got safe over at last. We 
hasted on, and came in the evening to the house of a very kind 
Frenchman, who entertained us gratis. 

Wednesday 31. Myself with the main body of the preachers 
came into the city of Charleston. I felt faint and unwell after the 
fatigues I had passed through on my journey. 

Thursday, January 1, 1795. Being New- Year's day, I was called 
upon to preach, unwell as I was, which I did on Psalm xc. 12.: 
We entered on the business of our conference, and continued ontit 
Wednesday 7th. We had preaching every night during the sitting 
of conference. It was the request of the conference th^t I should 
preach them a sermon on Tuesday night ; wiUi which I complied, 
and made choice of Jer. xxiii. 29 — 32, In times past 1 have enr 
deavoured to keep on travelling all the year, but I now judge it 
meet to stay in Charleston a little longer and then take the field :. 
yet it is with fear and trembling. 

Sunday 11. Brothers I. C. and G. being about to leave the city, 
I gave place to them to perform the services of the Sabbath. I 
heard part of a discourse by Mr. Forman on partial and total back*; 



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1795,] RET. FRANCIS ASBURY'S JOURNAL 213 

idi^ng ': I thotigfat he spoke well, and that it was an excellebt ser- 
mon. I doubt if he had more than seventy white hearers. A vast 
number in the city do not attend to the worship of God any where. 

Monday 12. The remaining members of the conference left the 
dty. Brother Brace and myself must now lay our shoulders to 
the work. I have my feelings and fears about staying in Charles- 
ton ; but grace is sufficient : I wish to give my all to God ; and 
whether I read, write, preach, or visit, to do it all to his glory ; 
and to employ nay precious time profitably. 

And am I yet alive, with death so near ? How mahy of my 
inends in this city, and in other places, are gone into eternity ! I 
h^ar very little from the preachers in the north. 

Tuesday 13. I had a comfortable season in the church, on the 
words of St. Paul to the Galatians, << Am I therefore become your 
enemy because I tell you the truth." In this discourse I observed, 
how great was the affection between the Christian societies in 
ancient Galafia, and St. Paul, until the Judaizing teachers came in 
among them. The province df Galatia was in Lesser Asia ; and 
when the ancient Gauls, or Galats, wanted to extend their pro* 
vince, they penetrated through Italy and Greece; and went into 
Asia, and pillaged the country as far south as Babylon : but one 
hundred and twenty thousand being defeated by a handful of Jews ; 
and Attaltts, king of Pergamus, having forced them from his terri- 
tory, they settled here. Among these the Gospel was planted by 
St. Paul, Acts xvi. 6. ; who had but just left the country when 
the schism began by means of the teachers of the ceremonial 
law> In this church there have been a great number of bisfaops, 
and some councils, and Synods ; but for near eight hundred years 
the tyranny of the Mahometans, Saracens, and Ttirks» hath almost 
exterminated the very name of Christianity. I observed, f. That 
there is a proper portion of truth which is applicable to every 
one's case ; 2. That it is a bad sign when a man is esteemed an 
enemy for telling the truth, as if falsehood alone were pleasing. 

Wednesday 14. I preached at brother Wells^s on "It is good 
for me that I have been afflicted, that I might learn thy statutes :" 
this cannot be the language of any but gracious souls. Sinners 
think all these things are against them, and wonder what they have 
done more than others, that they are thus afflicted. 1 treated of 
afflictions of body and mind ; personal and family ; in the church 
and in the state. Ah ! my Lord, by whom shall Jacob arise ? for 
he is very small. 



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Si4 REV. FjLurcis jisbuay's jovrval. [1795. 

Sooday IB. I preached io the morning on Exod. xx.'tiie first 
and second commandment In the afternoon, on the affliction and 
eonvertion or Manasseh, 2 Chron. zxxiiL 12, 13. One yonng man 
behaved amiis« for which I reproved him : perhaps he might be 
among those io the evening who made a riot, broke the windows, 
and beat open the doors. 

Tuesday 20. I read Mr. Flavel on keeping the heart ; where 
I foond some weighty sayings. I preached in the evening, and 

brother Bruce exhorted. Mr. came home with me, pleading 

and crying to God, and acknowledging his sin : who knoweth but 
be will turn, repent, and find mercy ! The desperate wickedness 
of this people grieves and distresses my soul, so that I am almost 
in continual heaviness ; yet, through grace, 1 trust 1 am kept from 
sin. 1 spent part of this week in writing and reviewing some ex- 
planatory notes on our form of discipline. • 

Sunday 25. I preached morning and afternoon. My soul, at sea- 
sons, wadeth through deep waters for this city and society ; it 
cannot, in my opinion, continue long in its present situation — per- 
haps a dispensation of mercy or judgment is near. 

Wednesday 28. 1 finished reading the history of the Frenctr 
Revolution, containing about eight hundred pages, and a surprising 
history it is. They have had heavy struggles with monarcTiy, 
aristocracy, and democracy -, and have had martyrs of each and 
every form. 

Thursday 29. I am sensible of not being enough in prayer ; 
this gives me pain. There came on a violent, awful storm of rain, 
and what should I do upon the road in such weather ? Charleston 
is, to me, one of the most serious places 1 ever was in. 

Saturday 31. I was in a most distressed, gloomy state of body 
and mind. I employed myself in reading, writing, and prayei*— 
but very uncomfortably. ' 

Sunday, February 1. 

" Still heavy 13 my heart, 
Still ivak my spirits down.** 

1 went to the church, and lectured on the second table of the law ; 
attending particularly to our Lord's comment on each precept. In 
the afternoon I enlarged on Jer. xxxi. 33. ; and I do hope there 
was some stir in the hearts of the people ; I had an afflictive night, 
by the labours of the day. I began reading ** Berridge's Christian 
World Unmasked." How like the man and his conversation, which 
I have heard by the hour thirty years ago ! I think there is some 



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r 



1795.] REV. FRANCIS ASBURy's JOURNAL. 213 

tartness ra his Christian remarks on the Checks, and dear Mr. 
Fletcher, of whom I have heard Mr. Berridge speak in terms of 
very great respect. I was insulted on the pavement with some as 
horrible sayings as coald come out of a creature^s mouth on this 
side of hell— When I pray in my room with a few poor old women, 
those who walk the streets will shout at me. The unparalleled 
wickedness of the people of this place, and the spirit of contention 
among the profbssors of religion, most severely agitate my mind. I 
now spend my time in running hastily through the first volume of 
the Hebrew Bible. 

Thursday 5. I was deeply dejected. I have been lately more 
subject to melancholy than for many years past, and how can I 
help it : the white and worldly people are intolerably ignorant of 
God; playing, dancing, swearing, racing; these are their com- 
mon practices and pursuits. Our few male members do not attiend 
preaching ; and I fear there is hardly one who walks with God : 
the women and Africans attend our meetings, and some few stran- 
gers also. Perhaps it may be necessary for me to know how 
wicked the world is, in order that I may do more as a president 
minister. There is some similarity between my stay here, and at 
Bath in Virginia. O how I should prize a quiet retreat into the 
woods ! 

In reading Mr. Wesley's Journal, Vol. I. page 164. he observes, 
<' I set myself carefully to read N. MachiavePs celebrated Book. I 

began," says Mr. W , " with a prejudice in his favour, having 

been often informed he had been misunderstood and greatly mis- 
represented ; I weighed the sentiments it contained ; compared one 
passage with another, and endeavoured to form a cool, impartial 
judgment ; and my most deliberate judgment is, that if all the other 
doctrines of devils which have been committed to writing since 
letters were in the world were collected together in one volume^ 
it would fall short of this ; and should a prince form himself by 
this book, so openly recommending hypocrisy, treachery, lyi&g, 
robbery, oppression, adultery, and murder of ail kinds, Domitian 
or Nero would be angels of light compared to that man." No 

wonder that Doctor should say that the Methodist preachers 

were men of true Machiavilean principles : judge, reader : this is 
the justice, this is the mercy we are to expect from some priests : 
and why ? because we spoil their reading trade. 

Sunday 8. I preached on Psalms viii. 4. Brother Bruce enter- 
tained us on *' That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of 
men, but in the power of God." I met the society, read the Rules 



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216 REV. FRANCIS AUBUAy's JOimNAL. [17dS« 

of Difciplioe, and gar^ a close talk aboat cooformity to the woridl. 
I hate DoW fioished the first volame of Mr. Wesley's Jouraal. i- 
admire his candoar and the soundness of his sentiments ; but I need 
say bat little, as it will be shortly published and speieik for itself* 

Monday 9. The people have high work below stairs laid off 
for each day this week. The western regiment parades to^-day, 
the eastern jto- morrow ; Wednesday is the President's birth-day ; 
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, come on the races. I intemi to 
keep close to my room, except when attending meetings in 4he 
evenings. I am in the furnace ; may I come T)ut purified like 
gold ! It is a dark Providence holds me here. Mr. Phillips is here, 
and in want of money. Our friends opened their hearts and gave ' 
him twenty or thirty dollars. He is not clear on Original Sin ; so 
that we cannot, nor dare not employ him; yet, notwithstanding hfs 
sentiments, I hope he is a good man ; but good or bad, he oi^t 
not to starve. 

Monday 16. I rode out to take the air ; and saw the wanderiag 
air-bsdloon. I am persuaded there are gracious souls among ifow 
Hammett's people ; some of whom have lefl him, and will, ]^dp» 
haps, return. I was employed in reading Mi*. Wesley's Journalrf 
and I am now convinced of the great ^fficoHy of journalisingi 
Mr. Wesley was, doubtless, a man of very' general knowledge) 
learning, and reading', to which we may add, a lively wit and hu* 
mour ; yet» I think I see too much credulity, long flat narrations, 
and coarse letters taken from others in his Journal : bat when f 
come to his own thoughts, they are lively, sentimental, interest!^, 
and instructing; The Journal of a minister of the Gospel shookl 
be theological : only it will be well to wink at many things we 
see and hear, since men's feelings grow more and more refined. ' 

Sunday 22. I had no small inflammation in my ear ; yet after I got 
to preaching, I was long and loud ; warm, and very pointed : etnr 
congregations are uncommonly lai^e. I was recollecting, by this 
help of Mr. Wesley's Journal, how long it had been since I became 
acquainted with the Methodists. I was awakened, (as I think,) 
when about thirteen years six months old ; at the age of sixteen 
1 began to read and pray in the public congregation ; one year six 
months after this, publicly to exhort and expound God's holy word j 
at twenty-one I travelled much ; and in the b^inning of my' 
twenty second year, I travelled altogether. I was nine tnonths in 
Staffordlhire, and other adjoining shires ; two years in Bedford* 
shire circuit, and two in Salisbury circuit 



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i7d5«] ti^v. FAiiNCis asbory's jooiuiai.* SI7 

||r^'W«iIdj, fQ bis Jouraal, seems to tbsDk tbat the eaoae of 
the binderance of the work of God is wholly and entirely in tnafi. 
BM may we not ask, with reTerence^ hath not God sometiines* for 
bis own i^rposes, withheld his power, that no flesh might glory ia 
his eight, bat feel that He is all in all ? 

Wednesday 25. We had a love-feast for the Africans ; and many 
gave- in their experiences with life. 

In the e?ening we had a love-feast for the whites. I hare had 
a long stay here, and now rejoice in the hope of going again into 
the field t|> work. Nothing would hare kept me here hat the 
hope of preserving my health the other ten months of the year ; 
which wUI enable me to run through North and South Carolina, 
the New Territory, Vii^nia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania^ 
Jersey, New-York« Connecticut, Rhode-Island, Massachusetts, 
Pfovjoce ef Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and sometimes Ken- 
tucky. 

Friday S7, we observed as a general fast I was weak in body 
and afflicted with the headach ; yet I met the people in the church, 
and xead Joel ii, 12 — 18. I prayed, I wept before (be Lord: I 
fasted from two o'clock on Thursdir|r until half past five on Fri- 
dqr* 1 vvish we could have solemn monthly fasts, and love-feasts 
before sacrament 1 hope the Lord will look up<m us generally 
threoghoot the coatinedt, and take a#»f our re|sroach. 

Mr. Wesley lived to see two general revivals of refigion, one 
at the beginning, the other about tbtsty-six years ago ; though^ 
doubllesst they had generally a gradual growth of religion : we 
also- have had two revivals^— one at the beginning, the other about 
seven years ago : the third revival has , now taken place in Eng- 
land, and 1 hope ours will soon follow. 

Saturday 28. I attended the meeting of the stewards, alid direct^ 
ed that eaoh of the three stewards, ia rotation, should receive and 
pay all moneys, for one third of the year, and then give place to 
another for the same time. I also appointed' a clerk to attend par- 
ticularly to the books* 

Sunday, March 1. I preached in the forenoon and afternoon ; 
and it was thought the arrows of the Almighty flew abroad. We 
had a melting sacrament with white and coloured people : about 
half a dos^en of Mr. Hammett's people from Trinity attended. 
The people have had much dust cast in their eyes in this place, 
but now they begin to see more clearly. 

I am now about packing up in order to take my leave of this 
city : I am sure faithful preaching will be blest I have effectually 
Vol. II. 28 



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£1$ lt£V. FJSJ^CiS A»»TBtLY-8 JOURNAL^ £1795* 

4>ttt, aad we shoiild not have strength to jride over the b^rcc^B 
saoda. We accordingly set out, and rode twentj-two niile9 to G.'s ; 
tried it since I have been here: my parting, sabject vvas I Cor. 
xvi. ^, ^4-. the congregation was very large : and if the people 
are pradent, and the preachers foithfol, we shall have a work ia 
this plac^. The, poor Africans brought their blessiop, and wishes, 
and prayers : dear souls ! may the Lord provide them pastors after 
his own heart I 

Thursday 5. I left this seat of wickedness, not without bptb 
grief and joy. I never saw so great a prospect here, and doubt if 
there hath been such an one since the place was first settled. We 
crossed Ashly-River about ten miles from town ; here was a bridge 
of value, which was so damaged by the worms and barnacles, that 
it stood only two years. Sister G. her family, and a wagon weire 
on it when it gave way ; it sunk with them into the water, but 
they received no injury. We rqde thirty-five miles, eating some 
biscuit with a little wine and water, and came to Mr. Eccles's, ^eacb- 
Hill, near Edisto-River^ I was somewhat wearied, but happy in 
my solitary retreat. I think ) have not spent my time in vap.i^ 
Charleston : first, I have had near as. many beai^eiis as I could 
have found in the country : secondly, there hat|i been real frpit 
among the white and coloured people,; and such as may, withcarei 
be preserved. I gave theip a sermon at Squire Eccles's near ,two 
hours long. My soul has peace. ; and by the help of God I must 
hasten eastward and beavej^ward. 

Saturday 7. We came to Lindsey's ; and after preaching to about 
sixty people, had to.ride twelve miles to Cattle-Creek after four 
o'clock : nor was that the worst ; a storm of thunder and rain came 
on, and had we not stopped,, we should have been steeped fropi' 
head to foot. 

Sunday 8. We had about four hundred people at the cburcb,. 
among whom were a few that loved jand feared God ; and map^ 
that are stupid, and have become hardened under the preaching of 
the Gospel. ' I spent Monday 9 at brother M.'s, and felt the 
society in the city near my heart. 

Wednesday 11. We rode to S.'s, where I gave, them a long 
talk on *' The grace of God that briogeth salvation," kc. I thought 
the weather was too fine to continue so long ; so we made a push 
and rode eighteen milesto P.'s at the Ponds ; where we supped 
and. breakfasted at our own expense ; and bought provision for 
our horses. About midnight the rain began to patter on the long 
shingles"— what could we do ? if we stayed, our provision would be 



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17^5.] ntv. FRAircrs asbury's JOURNAL, 519 

tvhfire we stopped to eat, and feed ; and tben rode eigliteeii miles 
more to tbe widow Pope's, on Little Seleuda. 

Saturday 14. I came to A.'s chapel ; but the weather was so 
exceedingly cold, and the house so open, that we went to the 
dwelling house, where i preached and prayed, and (the people 
said) stormed and scolded. Wlien meeting was orer, I saw the new 
stlll'house, which, as George Fox said, *' Struck^ at my life ;'' and 

we found it necessary to deal plainly with brother about hid 

distillery, and to tell him what we apprehended would be the con- 
sequence if persisted in — Its natural tendency would be to corrupt 
his family, and the neighbourhood ; and to d^stro;^ the society. Oj 
that the snare of Satan may be for ever broken ! We came to G.'a 
meetiug-house, where we had as wild and disorderly a congrega- 
tion as could well be without words and blows. I preached a little, 
and stormed a great deal, but all would not do. It was" an awful 
day to me ; but I hope my labour was not wholly in vain* I lodged 
at D. Earpes's, who came from Berkley to Seleuda, and has been a 
preacher twenty years ; I ordained him deacon, and joined his 
daughter to a husband. Thence I came to J.'s, where there was 
another wedding : I had work enou^— the bishop — the wedding — 
I could hardly keep them serious. I preached on Isai. xsxv. 3 — 7. 
and had an open time. 

Wednesday 18. I rode to R-— — 's and preached. 

Thursday 17, and the two following days, we had work enough 
to write «ubscription papers to be seot abroad for the purpose of 
collecting £100 to finish Bethel school, and secure the land : but 
my expectations are small ; the people have so little sense of God 
and religion* Saturday, I opened the new house on 1 These, y. 14. ; 
and on Sunday we had a sermon and love-feast. 

Tuesday 24. Crossed Enoree at Anderson's ford, in a canoe ; 
and Tyger at Crenshaw's ford, and came to brother G-^-^'s, near 
the Fish-Dam ford^ on Broad River. What a confluence of waters 
flow into the Santee in about two hundred miles, on a straight line, 
frem the mouth ; and in its meanders, three hundred or more ! 

Wednesday 25. I preached and administered the sacrament at a 
store near the Fish-Dam ford : this part of the country hath been 
settled about forty years. 

Thursday 26. I found seme assistance on Jer. xxxi. 34, 35. at 
Gregory's ineeting-house, in the woods ; and I hope it was not alto- 
gether in vain. Last night I spent an hour with the blacks in their 
quarters, and it was well received by them : it will never do to 



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220 nBVs F&AKCI9 AfiBU&T'a JOVtLMAU [I795« 

Bieet diem with the whites ; hy this means our preachers lose aB 
their froit ; many reasons might be assigned for this. O, mj atral, 
rest in the Lord from moment to moment ! AH the places I ha;ve 
visited this week are new, and I hope the Lord will work at some, 
or all of them. 1 exhorted oar peo|de to learn their slaves to read ; 
(this is greatly wanting) they would then understand preaching 

moch hotter. We crossed Pacolet, and came to P ^'s. ; my nvnd 

was ander deep exercises on account of the state of religion in this 
neighbonrhood. 

Sunday 29. Was an awful day^-perhaps the most awfiil I shall 
ever spend in this place. My comfort was in the woods with the 
Lord. 

Monday 30. I rode forty miles to M ^'s : my body is weak, 

and so is my faith for this part of the vineyard. God is my por^ 
tion, saith my soul. This country improves in cultivatioA, wicked- 
ness, mills, and stilk ; a prophet, of itrong drink would be accep* 
table to many of these people. 1 believe that the Methodist preach- 
ers keep clear, both by precept and example ; would \o God^he 
members did so too ! Lord have pity on weeping, bleeding 2pob! 

Wednesday, April 1. We rode thirty miles through a barren 
country, and came, weak and hungry, to brother B->- — 's clean, 
comfortable house ; and had all things agreeable. I find it hard to 
ride eight or nine hours without any other nourishment but a little 
bread and tea. 

Friday 3. Was a rainy day. I had some talk with a few blacks, 
and was comfortable and happy ; we lose much by not mee&ig 
these people alone. I find, generally, that those who are held by 
professors of religion are hard to move. 

North Carolina. — Saturday 4, and Sunday 5. Quarterly meet- 
ing at Daniel Asbury's meeting-bouse. 1 notice many attend 
preaching at such times as these, who appear wild, and do not 
know how to behave themselves. In the afternoon I met th^ 
poor blacks by themselves, and was greatly blessed. 

Monday 6. We crossed Catabaw, rode thirty-five miles, and 
came to brother Fitzhugh's, where we met with kind treatment to 
sweeten the iMtter cup of a bard and hungry day's ride. 

Thursday 9. Crossed Hunting-Creek, and came to A—- *<^'s 
meeting house in Sorry county -: here I bad near three hundred 
bearers, to whom I preached on Hebr. t. 12 — 14. and had more 
enlarged views of this subject than I ever had before. We have 
had a good work here ; fifty souk are lately brought in ; appear^ 



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1795.] REV. WfiMltClB AS»9KT'< l^fJUlfAt. Sgl 

ances are greatly changed fbr the better sibce I was here eleren 
Baonthsago. 

Friday 10. We came to 6 % in Wilkes coQQty. I feel dwfal 

^^I fear lest darkness should be felt here. Ah, Lord, help me to 
go through good and evil report; jprosperity and adversity; 
stortns and calms ; kindness and ankindness ; friends and ene* 
inies ; life and^eatb, in, the spirit and practice of the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ ! 

Sunday 12. I preached the funeral of grandmother G " ■ ■, aged 
eighty-seven or eighty -eight years. 

* Monday 13. We took our acceptable departure — I cannot Kve 
where God is not acknowledged. I passed through the heart of 
Wilkes county. Here is a poor prospect of religion among ail 
sects. We came in the evening to the house of 9 poor, honest 
)&an. Bless God ! we can embrace the poor cabins, and find 
shelter. The people are kind and free with what they hare. 

Wednesday 15. 1 preached on Hebr. iv. 1. to many people, 
tollected from various parts, at brother White's, on John's River, 
*"mi was greatly assisted. 

• Thursday Id. We had preaching, and were engaged in writing 
letters and copying the minutes. My soul enjoys sweet peace ; 
but I see an awful danger of losing that simple Walking and living 
in the enjoyment of God. 

Friday 17, I observed as k day of rigid fasting-^this I cannot do 
more than once a month. I am frequently obliged to go on three 
tups of tea, with a little bread, for eight or nine hours, and to ride 
many miles, and preach, and perform my other ministerial labours. 

Sunday 19. We had a crowded congregation, and a moving sea« 
ton at the sacrament. Monday and Tuesday we directed our 
course up John's River. 

Wednesday 22. Crossed the Ridge, and kept on to the west- 
ward. We went Major J. Whitens path, and found it abundantly 
better than the old one. We reached the top of the Ridge in 
about six miles ; here we found ourselves among fruitful hills ; 
then we had a good path for six miles more, except where there 
were some laurel branches and roots. We stopped at S 's, and 
tt was well we did, or we should have been well nigh starved, both 
man and horse. I went on to D-— 's, and thence to Nelson's, 

where I met with brothers B ^ A , and W— , ancient men 

among us. I stood the fatigue, and sleeping three in a bed, better 
tfa|an I expected. From White's to Nelson's is eighty miles. We 
crossed the Wattawba about twenty times. At supper we ate of 



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( 



222 REr. FRAircis asbuky's journai.. [1795^ 

the perch that are taken in great plenty from Smith's fish spring. 
I judge there must be a subterraneous communication from that to 
the rivef. I felt uncomfortable in my mind, as I feared the Lord 
had left this place. I was led to speak ivith life and power on 
<* Will ye also go away ?'* I spent a night with brother Whitaker ; 
I wish his wife may not love him to death. 

Tennessee.-— Monday 27. We hasted to F. Earnest's, on Nola- 
chucky-River ; where we hold our western conference. Here 
six brethren from Kentucky met us, and we opened our conference 
with twenty-three preachers, fifteen of whom were members. 
We received every man's account of himself and his late labours ; 
and inquired of each man's character among his brethren. Our 
business was conducted with great love and harmony. Our bre« 
thren have built a meeting-house, and I must needs preach the first 
sermon ; which I did on Exod. xx. 24. Notwithstanding it was a 
time of great scarcity, we were well and most kindly entertained. 

Friday, May 1. We rode thirty miles to Holstein, without food 
for man or horse : but when we came to brother Baker's we had 
food and friendship. My feelings were disagreeable. In addi- 
tion to the heat of the weather and the fatigue I have gone 
through, 1 have not slept five hours a night, one night with ano* 
ther, for five nights past. 

Saturday 2. On our way wie called to see father A. where we 
fed and prayed ; and in the evening reached Abingdon ; being the 
time and place of the sitting of the district court. 

ViRGiiriA. — Sunday 3. I gave them a sermon, and although it 
was so public a time, we had great decency in the congregation. 
Rode thirteen miles in the evening. 

Monday 4. We rode thirty-five miles to the bead branches of 
the main Holstein, and the next day reached Alfred's, on New- 
River. 

Wednesday 6. We rode to Pepere's ferry, and made it thirty- 
five miles to M' Daniel's. Thursday, we rode to brother W.'s, 
near Fincastle, thirty-eight miles : the toils of this journey have 
been great, the weather sultry, the rides long, and roads 
rough. We suffered from irregularity in food and lodging ; al- 
though the people are very kind, and give us the best they have, 
and that without fee or reward ; so that I have only spent about 
two shillings in riding about two hundred miles. I hope postetuty 
will be bettered by my feeble efforts. I have rode two hundrel 
and twenty mil«s in seven days and a half, and am so exceeding 
outdone and oppressed with pain, weariness, and want of slee\ 



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17d5.] tiEV. FAANCflS 4SlBt7RY'S JOUAN^I.. ^ 22$ 

tbat I have hardly codrage to do any thiog. — ^Hai), happy day 
of reat! It draws pigh, and this labour and toil will soon be at aa 
end I . - 

Saturday 9. I conferred with the travelling and local preachers 
at E« Mitchell's. Sunday 10, the preachers and people weris 
solemn whilst I enforced *' Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God." 

Monday 11. I rode forty miles to Mr* Blaker's at the Calf^Pas- 
ture, and the next day thirty-five to Moore's. Wednesday 13, 
tode twenty-four miles to Rock-Town, and preached at three 
o'clock ; and again the next day. Here I met the trustees of our 
school, to whom I read my Thoughts on Education. In the eve- 
, ning I left the town, and on Friday 15, rod^ forty miles. 

Saturday 16. I had a hard push to Newtown quarterly meeting, 
where, after delivering a short discourse, I held a conference 
with the local preachers and leaders. I enjoyed myself among 
these people ; they are not quite as lively as heretofore, but God 
is still with them. .Sabbath day, after sacrament, love-feast, and 
.ordination, I preached with some freedom on 2 Pe}er iii. 17, IS. 
Upon the whole my soul is refreshed ; although I have been on 
the run, and have wrote none in my Journal for more than a week. 

Monday 18. We rode to Charlestown, Jefferson county, and 
lodged with a pious physician. Next morning breakfasted with J. 

H , and then came to Harper's ferry, where the impending 

rocks impress the mind of the traveller with terror ; and should 
they fall, would crush hxfjQ to pieces : this sCene is truly awful and 
romantic. We came to S. Phillip's^ but were not expected until next 
week : so I directed my course to Baltimore. 

Marylawd.— Wednesday 20. 1 passed Fredericktown ; thence to 
Liberty Town, where I stopped, conversed, and prayed, and then 
ca^ie on to brother Warfield's, thirty utiles. 

Thursday 21. We set out for Baltimore ; the rain came on very 
heavily ; I have not felt, nor seen such, since the sixth of March, 
since which time I have rode about one thousand two hundred 
miles. This day I heard of the death of one, among my best 
friends in America—Judge White^ of Kent county, in the state of 
Delaware. This new» was attended with an awful shock to me« I 
have met with nothing like it in the death of any friend on the 
continent. Lord help us all to live out our short day to thy glory ! 
I have lived days, weeks, and months in his house. O that his re- 
moval may be sanctified to my good and the good of the family I 
He was about sixty-five years of age. He was a friend to the> 
poor and oppressed ; he had been a professed churchman, and was 



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224 EEV, r&Aircis 48BU&y's. joiTEiUL. [I79d% 

QDited to the Methodist connexion about seventeeB or eighteen 
jean. His bouse and heart were alwajs open ; and he was a 
faithful friend to liberty in spirit. and practice ; he was a moat in- 
dulgeot husband, a tender father, and an affectionate friend. He 
professed perfect love, and great peace, living and dying, 

Sunday 24. I preached twice in town, and was delivered from my 
gloomy state of mind. I spent part of the week in visiting from 
house to house. I feel happy in speaking to all I find, whether 
parents, children, or servants ; I see no other way ; the coofmion 
means will not do ; faster, Wesley, and our Form of Discipline, 
say, *^ Go into every bouse :" I would go farther, and say, go into 
every kitchen and 9hop — address all, aged and young, on the sal- 
vation of their souls. 

Wednesday 27. 1 read << The Dawn of Universal Peace ;^' and 
the second and third volume of Walker's, Sermons. Thursday, 
my mind was under deep exercises, unknown to all but God alone. 

Saturday 31. I met the Africans, to consult about building s|. 
house, and forming ailistinct African, yet Methodist church. 

Friday, June 5. I came in peace to Cokesbury. Stayed on Satu^r 
djsiy ; and gave them a sermon on the ihorinesi of time ; — thence 
can^e through dust and, heat to North-East. Sunday, I preached 
within the frame of a house that is begun, to a number of sinners. 

Monday 8. I preached twice ; and came in the evening to Mr* 
Bassett's, on the Manor. 1 have great inward distress in my soul. 
I felt, when in prayer, as if the Lord would restore, sister Moore to 
health ; time will determine whether the impression is of the Lord. 

Tuesday 9. We hasted on to Geol^etown:^ Sou^ are of opinioD 
tliat will receive j^SOO per annum or more, Glebe subscrip- 
tions, kc. this is more than 64 dollars ; and even that be seldom 
received among us. He was always very generous, and did not 
serve us for money. He did certainly run well. I was low 
in body and nuud ; and very flat in preaching. Dear brother 
B ■■ ■ > who attended me with his carriage to Nprth-East the last 
time I was here, is now gone to rest. Oh ! how short is the life 
of man ! we must needs come on to Chester-Town. Still languid 
in body, and my spirits under an awtul fit of ^dejection at reviewing 
the state of persons and things. 1 was quite unwell, and crowded 
with company : my subject in town was Psalm li. 9 — 13. We then 

rode fifteen miles home with brother C ; my body and spirit 

still very low. ! my Lord, help me through all my afflictions.- 
Ah ! what a comibrtable thing it is to be among the ancient Metho- 
dists t But tl^s is not always my place ; indeed, it cannot be. 



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179d'.j|^ RBTV. FRAircis asbvUy's journal. i26 

Taeaday 1 1: Still under awful depression. I dm not conscioiit 
of any sin, even in thought ; hut the imprudence and unfaithful- 
ness of others hear heavily on my heart ; I feel a degree of wil- 
lingness to decline, die, and enter into rest. For the first time, I 
visited Centreville, and preached in the new house : some of the 
people. felt awful. I saw Doctor Hall, who is greatly changed 
since 1792.» and under deep exercise about preaching ; so that he 
cannot attend to his practice, and appears to be lost in thought. I 
wrote to him to try Baltimore : it is a pity such a man of sentiment, 
learniog, and fine feeling, should be lost. I rode home with R. 
W. he is rich in the world, but wants more of the life of religion : 
he appears still to love the preachers, and the cause of God. I 

received .information that Doctor M 's wife, before she died, 

manumitted h^r favourite servant-maid ; not long after the Doctor 
himself was called away ; hut before his removal he manumitted 
all his slaves. This man claimed no high Gospel light, and pro- 
fessed no more religion than the generality of the world among us 
do. I have a hope that God is preparing me for greater useful- 
ness rn my latter days. Oh how happy should I be, if after labour- 
ing thirty years, as I sometimes fear, to very little profit, if it 
should hereafter appear that hundreds have been converted by my 
ministry ! Of late I have bad but little to do, but pray, preach, 
ride, converse, and take my necessary refreshment. 

Saturday 13. We crossed Choptank-River at Ennall's ferry ; 
we had nine men, three horses, and a carriage on board, and a 
very indi£ferent boat, but through a kind Providence we got safe 
over. When I first landed I fell a damp on my spirits, which I 
feared was ominous of persons and things. Our friends were 
loving at the Dorset quarterly meeting, but not very lively ; how- 
ever there was some stir in the love-feast. At eleven o'clock we 
.had nearly a thousand people collected, but they are awfully 
hardened. We had a heavy time: I felt much like what 1 sup- 
pose Jonah felt. We were furnished richly with the comforts of 
life. . I came to the dwelling-house of my dear friend Judge White 
(whose death I have already mentioned) — it was like his funeral 
to me. I learned since I came here, and 1 think it worthy of ob- 
servation, that just before he died, unknown to his wife, he had 
showed Samuel, his son, his books, and given directions concerning 
his house, &c. He then came to his wife, and said, '**! feel as I 
never felt before," and gave certain directions concerning his burial. 

Delaware. — Wednesday 17. I had a solemn season at Dover. 
I spent the evening with Doctor A. Ridgeley, in the late dwelling- 

VoL. II. . 29 



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226 BET. F&IVCIS ASBmT'f JOmMML. [1T9S, 

house of bis hiher. In some hooses we serre Ae fiAers, not 
the children ; in sonTe the children, not the fathers ; and in soine 
we senre both parents and children. 

Thursday 18. I preached at Dock-Creek Cross-Roads, where 
there has been a great rerivtt of religion. 

Friday 19. I set ont for Philadelpbia, and came to Whiteday 

and Redclay Creeks, f saw my old friend S. H once more. 

1 most needs preach, althoogh I had rode thirty-five or forty 
miles. Next day I called at Chester, and found my dear sister 
Withy unwell and in trouble. O may I meet her in heaven 
at last! 

Pekitsyltania. — Sunday 21. I preached in the city of Philadel- 
phia three times, not with the success 1 would wish. 1 was ex- 
ceedingly assisted in meeting the classes, in which I spent three 
days, and am now of opinion that there is more religion among the 
society than I expected. — 1 tnist both they and myself wiH re- 
member this visit for days to come. I was also much quickened 
in meeting the local preachers and leaders, who spoke feelingly 
of the state of their souls and the work of God. I now go hence 
to meet new troubles, and to labour while feeble life shall last. 

Thursday 25. 1 rode to Cross-weeks. 

Friday 26. Although very poorly I reached brother B— *s. 
I was happy in this family, and addressed most of them concemmg 
their souls. 

New-Jeasey. — Saturday 27. I came to Elizabethtown, and found 
brother Morrell (who had been bled add physiced almost to 
death,) en the recovery^ My troubles are greater than eter : 
my body is weak, and my spirits very low. At the request of my 
friends, I stayed in town until Sunday, and was assisted in a manner 
I least expected, in preaching to about eighty people from 1 Cor. ' 
XV. 58. : after sermon I called the society together, anil had a melt- 
ing time in speaking personally to each. I attended the Bowery 
church in the afternoon ; and the minister spoke largely on " That 
your faith might not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power 
of God'." 

New- York. — Monday 29. I came to New- York the new way by 
Newark bridges, which are well established over Second and Pas- 
saick rivers : it is the nearest way to New-lTork, and preserves the 
traveller from heat in the summer, and cold in the winter : from 
moschetos, and delays by winds, and other incidents. I began 
meeting the women's classes, and felt happy, and found the Lord 
WW amongst the sisters. 



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i%'BfiJl mv. v:bjlscib asbujeiy's jr9U&V4t. 227 

, Saturday Jqly 4. B^ing the aDniFersary of liulepeDdeDcey 
the : bells ringing,, drama beatiog, gaps firing; and orations on 
liberty^ and eqaality too, are not forgotten. I see the need of 
being more watchful among the best of men : a spirit of love 
exists among the preachers ; bat we jare far from being as spiritual 
^ we ooght to, be. The Rev. Mr. Ogden was kind enough to pre- 
sent, me with his first volume On Revealed Religion ; it contains a 
soil, yet general answer to the deisticaL atheistical oracle of the 
48y, Thomas Paine : it is almost excellent compilation, taken from 
a great pambur of ancient and modern writers on the side of truth ; 
and will be new to commop readers. So far as I have read, I can 
recommend it to those who wish for full information on^the subject. 
I met the official members of the society ; and had some close talk 
on the doc^ine and disciplipe of the church : I asked if they 
wished to be Methodists ? But how could I suppose any thing else, 
when they had bee;i a society of nearly thirty years standing ? 

Sunday 5. I preached in Brooklyn in Uie morning, and returned 
to assist in the sacramept in the afternoon at the new church ; I 
jtben met the black classes ; and preached at half past six ; I closed 
my day's work by meeting two men's classes. 

Mopday 6. 1 met nine classes ; so that 1 have now spoken to 
most ot the members here, one by one. I left the city in peace, 
.and. received of their bounty towards bearing my expenses. We 
came to Stamford ; where I preached in a private house. 

CoNN£CTicuT.— R^e thirty-three miles to Stratford ; the pros- 
pects here are great as to the fruits of the earth. My body was 
weak and my faith still more so ; however, I gave them a sermon 
on John iii. 19 — 21.; and the house was crowded inside and 
oat. 

Friday 10. We had a very warm ride, fourteen mile^, to New- 
Haven. I think it is as sultry here as it was the tenth of June in 
Pelaware. Nothing would do but I must preach in Doctor Ed- 
ward's meeting-house ; which I did, on these words, ** Yea, doubt- 
less, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the know- 
ledge of Jesus Christ my Lord." 

Saturday 11. I came to Middletown : we had a prayer-meeting, 
and I spent some time in visiting from house to house. 

Sunday 12. Brother Roberts being indisposed, I had to give them 
two sermons at the. farms, and one at the court-house. 

Monday 13. We had some life at Middle-Haddam. Tuesday 14, 
preached at New-London about six o'clock, where I found most 
of the preachers present. Wednesday 15, we opened our confer 



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228 EBir. F&Aircis asbhrt^s JOtrRiTAL. . [1^95. 

reoce, which consisted of about twenty members, and sat until 
noon on Saturday. We had great peace in our conference ; but 
some eiercises relative to externals, arose from the ancient contest 
about baptism, these people being originally connected with tiiofie 
that are of that line. O ! what wisdom, meekness, patience, and 
prudence, are necessar'y ! Our brethren were exceeding kind ; and 
I hope this conference will be for the good of the people in this 
place, and thousands besides. 

Monday 20. We took our leave of town, and set off for our' re- 
spective appointments. Two of our British brethren from tbe 
West Indies, Harper and Kingston, who had fled here to save their 
lives, (i. e. if possible to recover their health,) were with us : I 
was pleased to see our preachers ready to give their strange bre* 
thren a little of the little they had. I came to Norwich, fiflelen 
miles, and preached at eight o'clock A. H. in the academy, (formerly 
the Separate meeting-house.) It was a most awful time of heat. 

Rhodb*Island.— Ti^esday 21. We rode twelve miles to Plain- 
field ; and after resting and feeding, we came to Coventry, in Pro- 
vidence. My fatigue anfd indisposition made me glad to gel to 
bed. The people here have made some attempts to improve the 
state of the roads ; and really they need it, for they are properly 
made up of rocks and stones. 

Wednesday 22. At brother L 's I ordained D. M'C 

from Passamaquoddy ; who is as one born out of due time. He 
has been labouring between the British and American boundaries. 
I consider it fifty hard miles from New-London to General Lip- 
pelt's : we have been the best of three days riding it, through the 
intense heat ; and last year I rode it in one day. I feel a moving 
towards these people, as though the Lord would get himself a name, 
and have a people to praise him in this place. I feel myself 
greatly humbled before the Lord, for the peace and union in our 
late conference ; and the satisfaction expressed by the preachers 
on receiving their stations. 

Thursday 23. We came in the evening to Providence : when 
we entered the town, some fdrunken fellows raised a cry and 
shout, and made a sacrifice of the Methodists to hfJL Mr. --— ^ 
is now pastor of, and the Tenoant-house is shut against I us. I 
wished to ride on, and not to stop in town ; but Mr. Robertson, an 
ancient Englishman, constrained us to turn in with him. wA dined 
at Milton ; and made it thirty miles to Boston, where I preWhed 
twice on the Sabbath, (though very unwell) in a room thaO will 
hold about two hundred and fifty people. It seemed as i f we 



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1795<] tiXV. FAAffCfS ASBVRY'S /OVRRAL. 829 

iiardly had either coTsing or Uesang amoog the people here. I 
have no doubt but that if we bad a house, we should command a 
lai^e congregation ; but we labour under great inconveniences 
where we preach at present. 1 feel myself feeble in body and 
faint in spirit ; yet Christ is mine, and I hope to be his in time and 
forever: Amen. 

Massaghxtsetts.— Monday 27. I rode through some rain to Lynn. 
I was much shut up and distressed in my public exercises : my con- 
gregations were large and lifeless. Since I have been in Lynn, I have 
visited Woodsend and Gravesend, met five classes, visited about 
one dozen families, and talked to them personally about their souls, 
and prayed with them. I have filled up intervals in reading my 
Bible, and the second volume of Mr. Wesley's Sermons. Oh, how 
I wish our preachers and people to read his Journals, Sermons, and 
Notes ! My body is afflicted, but my soul is serene. 

Thursday 30. 1 preached on Isaiah Iv. 10, 11. Friday was an 
excessively rainy day. My spirits were sunk into dejection. I 
feel no passion, but grieve and sorrow : to move, move, seems to be 
my life. I now lament that I did not set off with the young men to 
the Province of Maine. Theire are some tender, gracious souls in 
this town ; e«fpecially among the members of society. 

Sunday, August 2. Was a very warm, sultry day. I rose in the 
morning very feeble in spirit, and attended prayer-meeting at six 
o^clock. I preached thre^ times ; administered the sacrament, and 
met two classes, and was not so fatigued as I expected I should 
have been. I h^ve had 9ome refreshing seasons ; and now I bid 
farewell to Lynn for two years. I rode a solitary fi^ay through 
Maiden, Mistick, and North-Cambridge ; and preached at Walt- 
ham, at five o'clock, to a few people : the great rain prevented 
many from attending. Brother Roberts took an intermittent fever 
when we were at New-Haven, and hath laboured and suffered, sick 
or well, until he is almost dead. I received from the quarterly 
meeting held in Fairfield circuit, what I should be glad to receive 
once a year from every circuit in the Union. It was as follows : — 
<* The preachers of the Methodist Episcopal order who have tra^ 
veiled on this circuit since the last conference, have so conducted 
themselves that their characters are unimpeachable.*' Signed by 
the local preachers, exhorters, stewards, and leaders. 

Tuesday 4. Brother L and my^lf came ten miles to Fram- 

ingham, where i preached to a simple-hearted people ; and 
although weak in body, I felt enlargement of hear^; here the so- 



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'3t30 . AST* w%mcm 4aBiakv'& jAimiy». %VI9i^ 

cie%r appeared to be all tenderaess, aweetness, and love. After 
riding thirty miles to Milford, (being an excesiliire daj of heat .and 
hanger,) I preached on Isaiah xxzv. 3 — 6. To my great surfH'iae, 
whilst I was preaching, brother Roberts, whom I bad lell aick at 
Waltham, eame in ; 1 was amaz^ed that he should ride thirty niilea 
through sQcb heat without eating or drinking ; it was enough to 
make a well man sick. 

Thursday 6. We set out for Thompson in Conuecticot, wbeoGft 
we came to dear brother Nichols's : if I had not eaten, I could not 
have stood the labour of thirty miles, and preaching. 1 found there 
was religion among this society ; the ancient people are stirred up 
by the Baptists, and the young ones by the Methodists, 

Saturday 8. We rode twenty-six miles to Wilbraham ; I w^a well 
Bigh spent, and brother Roberts was ready to drop on the road 
side. I spoke late ; tbe weather was warm ; I took but little rest 
• for my body, and my mind was powerfully tried various vrays. 

Sunday morning 9. My first subject was the parable of the sower, 
afterward the sacrameut was administered: I thought it .a dull 
time ; but others did. not think so. I gave them another discourse 
in the afternoon on ** The promise is to you and to your childreo.'' 
It was a running exhortation, chiefly application. In tbe even- 
ing brother Roberts, though weak in body, gave them a sermon oa 
** My little children for whom I travail in birth again till Christ be 
formed in you.'' I see but little prospect of good being done here 
whilst tbe people are so divided. 

Monday 10. 1 stopped and gave an exhortation at Springfield; 
After a thunder-gust, we came on to Agawomin. If 1 accomplish 
the tour I have in contemplation, it will make about six or seven 
hundred miles to the city of New- York. I was stopped by tbe 
rain : but when I cannot do one thing imotber offers ; — I could 
read, write, pray, and plan. 1 laid out a plan for my travels in 17^7 ; 
through Connecticut, Rhode-Island, Massachusetts, Province of 
Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont, and New- York: making a dis- 
tance of twelve or fifteen hundred miles. I set out for .Williams- 
town on the banks of Hoosack, on the west borders' of Massachu- 
setts ; I lodged at sister H.'s ; I was well steeped in water, although 
my cloak saved me in a good degree as is frequently tbe case. 
My rest was interrupted. To labour hard all tbe day, and have 
no sleep at night, ill suit tbe flesh. Well might St. Paul say, *^ If 
in this hfe only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most 
miserable." To labour and to suffer by night and by day, meet 



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I7f5l] REV. FRANCIS A8!BXftLV^9 JOVRHAL. 231 

reproach,, give up father and mother, mfe, children, coimtry, 
liberty, ease, health, v^ealtfav and finally, sometimes life itself in 
martyrdom :— uli this may be required. 

Verbiont. — Friifoy 21. We rode io the afternoon into the i^ods 
•of Bennington, and preached at brother D.'s, and had a melting, 
eomfortable season with about fifty soals. There are sinners. 
Deists, Unirersalists, &c. and they dl have something to say aboot 
religion. I have felt awfelfor this place and people ; but God is 
able of these stones to raise np children unto Abraham. I feel 
my soul stayed upon God, althoagh 1 am in heaviness through mani- 
fold temptations. ^ 

Saturday 22. Brother Roberts and myself parted : he went to 
Pownell, and myself to Ashgrove, where we have ^ society of 
about sixty members : they orl^nated with P. Embury, wbo left the 
eity of -New^York when the British preachers came there. He 
tontinued to pursue his purpose of forming societies in the country ; 
but dying in a few years, the society was left, and were without 
preaching by the Methodists for fifteen years : we have now a neat 
little chapel here. 

Sunday 23. I had a free, open time, with a few feeling souls on 
JLtike xi. 1. In the afternoon, I visited a neglected people among 
the hills, and had an attentive congregation. This day I enjoyed 
peace of soul, and was happy in Christ. — After riding fifty miles, 
I found myself at home at this place, (Ashgrove.) 

CoNifECTic0T. — My soul has been much quickened tUs Sabbath, 
and I find a difference between being amongst saints and sinners. 
We came through Cambridge county, now Washington ; and passed 
Argyletown, named after Argyle, in Scotland. We came to brother 

M ^^s'; we and our horses were quite weary ; bat it is enough, 

the Lord is with us ; let this suffice at all times, and iti every place. 
We camer'through a mere wilderness of swamp : the roots of the 
white pine, beech, and hemlodL were a good deal in our way. We 
reached Westfield, where is a considerable settlement, and a 
promising society. 

New-York. — We passed Skeynesborough, and turned our 
course eastward through some rough ground, and came to Hamp- 
ton township, where we held a quarterly meeting at brother M-r-'s, 
in a pleasant vale. We rode through considerable heat, nearly 
twenty miles, without obtaining any refreshment ! I have reason to 
praise God that I have been able to travel fron> Lynn to this place ; 
the distance, the way 1 have come^ 1 compute to be four hundred 



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25S RET. VRAirCM ASBVKT^S JOtRWAl. [179&. 

miles ; I am now within a mile of the line of Vermoiit. Thete 
18 only one county, in the state of Nevr-Tork, between this and 
Lower Canada. There is a place called Plattsbnig, where they 
have often solicited ns to send preachers. I find some similarity 
between the northern and western frontiers. 

Sunday 30, was a high day : we had sacrament and love-feast, 
and many opened their mouths boldly to testify of the goodness and 
love of the Lord Jesus : the porch, entry, kitchen, and the lodg- 
ing rooms were filled : one soul professed conversion. I find 
diat two hours' close meeting flags the minds of God's children : 
many of the people of the world are filled with prejudice because 
they are shut out. 

Sister S ■ , an ancient woman, and a professor among the Bap- 
tists, was sent for by her father to turn the head and heart of her 
son from the Methodists : but she had grace and sense to know 
that God had been at work upon his soul ; and with tears and 

prayers wished him God speed. Mr. G , who had heard great- 

and bad things of the Methodists, was surprised to hear that a son ' 
of his died a Methodist, in New-York ; and still more so, when he 
was visited by another son, who had joined society in Waltham. 
When this son camie home, the father and family were alarmed, 
finding that he had met with something that had greatly changed 
him : after this, the prejudices of the dear old man were dissipa-' 
ted, and he came five miles to our quarterly meeting. 1 rode 
forty miles : I conclude that for thirty-^five miles of this road there 
are ten or twelve houses for every mile, including those which 
extend to the mountains on either side of the road. Notwithstanding 
the roads are somewhat hilly, they are good for travellers. I labour 
under great exercise of mind from various quarters ; and my own 
infirmities of foody and mind are neither few nor small. 

Wednesday, September 2. We had a solemn meeting ^t Bethle- 
hem, in Asbgrove. Thursday 3, we had a warm-hearted people 

at R 's, and a better time than weakness of body or. mind could 

promise. On Friday, we came to Lansingburgh, and thence to Troy ; 
at last we got to Coeyman's Patent, weary, sick and faint, after 
riding thirty-six miles. 

Saturday 6. We were crowded with people : I suppose we had, 
perhaps, a thousand at the stone church, at Coeyman's Patent ; and 
I felt some life and warmth amongst them. 

Sunday 6. In the morning we had baptism, ordination, sacra- 
menty and love-feast ; some spoke with life of the goodness of God. 



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17S£.] lU&y, F&A5CI8 ASBURY'a JOVKRAh. 233 

I gave them a diflcourse at eleven o'clock^ and then went to bed with 
a high fever. Brother Roberts pleased, and, I trust, profited the 
people with a discourse, after I had done. 

Monday 7. 1 rose very unwell, and had to ride thirty-five or 
Ibrty miles through the rain : I came in much wearied, and found a 
comfortable lodging at Mr. I— — 's. 

Tuesday 8. I am somewhat better in body, but clou^ and dark- 
ness still rest upon my mind. 

Thursday 10. We rode twenty miles to Marble-Town (properly 
so called at present) I preached on Hebr. zii. 28, 29. I felt awful ; 
there appeared to be very little devotion among the people. Our 
southern friends are battered on the subject of slaves, and these 
are in peace ; it will not do ; we must be Methodists in one place 
as well as another. 

Saturday 12. We reached brother Garrettson's ; and Sunday 

13, 1 preached at R 's chapel. Then returned to Rhinebeck 

chapel, and preached on Hebr. xiii. 5. Qod once put into brother 
Garrettson's hands great riches of a spiritual nature, and he labour- 
ed much ; if he now does equal good according to his temporal 
aibility, he will be blessed by the Lord, and by men. 

Tuesday 15. We made it twenty miles to the wreck of an old 
Presbyterian meeting-house, at Wapping-Creek, called the hollow ; 
where I gave them a discourse on ** Judgment beginning first at 
the house of God" — and there was some little motion, but the 
Methodists were not on their own ground. 

Wednesday 16. Brother R gave us a close, good sermon on 

** My people have committed two evils," &c. I then enlarged on 
" My grace is sufficient for thee ;" our meeting continued till three 
o'clock ; we got no dinner, and had to ride twelve miles to get to 
our supper and lodgings. We stopped at Governor Van Court- 
landt's, who reminds me of General Russell — we had all we needed, 
and abundantly more than we desired. Rest, rest, how sweet ! yet 
how often in labour I rest, and in rest, labour. 

Sunday 20. I had a comfortable time at Crpton chapel, on Rom. i. 
16. I returned to General Van Courtlandt's, and dined with my dear 
aged friends. Shall we ever meet again ? We came to Fisher's, 
near the White Plains chapel, to hold conference. My souLis 
kept solemn ; and I feel as if earth were nothing to me ; i am.happy 
in God, and not perplexed with the things of this world. 

Tuesday 22. A few of us met in conference ; the main body of 
the preachers not coming in uptil about twelve o'clock. We went 

Vol. II. 30 



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954 ii«T. pjuNcn asbort'js JOuawAi*. |19M* 

through tbe buainess of tlie conference in tbree <bi]rs, fodrf-tht^e 
preacbera being present I was greatly disappointed in not bear- 
ing the preachers give a fall and free accoOnl of tbemsefares and 
circuits. Althongb we sat ten hoars in each day we did not close 
oar basiness unti^ Thursday eyening, after sitting each night till 
twelve o'clock. 

New- Jeiubey. — Friday S5s We crossed Hadson-RiTer twenty -six 
miles above the city of New- York, and came on the waters of 
Hackensack ; a river that is only thirty miles long and navigable 
two thirds of the way : we then came to Passaic- River, crossed 
at Sec^ond-River, and made oat this day to ride forty miles, much 
fatigued. 

Saturday 26. We rode about thirty-two miles with very little to 
eat ; howe^ver, we had the pleasure of seeing the famous Bruns* 
wick bridge, which is now nearly finished; It is the grandest of 
the kind I have seen in America. I was properly wearied ; and 
prepared to rest on Sunday. I was sorely tried yesterday ; more 
so than I have been these six weeks past^ 

Monday 26. We came to Monmouth; we would have gone to 
Shrewsbury, but iiite and horses failed us. I learn that the aif^ 
cient spirit of feith, prayer, and power, is taking place in a few 
places below. I was shocked at the brutality of some men whu 
were figfiting, one gouged out the other's eye ; the father and son 
then beset him again, cut off his ears and nose, ^and beat him 
almost to death. The father and aon were tried for a breach of 
the peace, and roundly fined ; and now the man that hath lost his 
nose and ears is to come upon them for damage. I have often 
tiiought that tber« are some things practised in the Jerseys which 
are more brutish and diabolical than in any of the other states : 
there is nothing of this kind in New-England — they learn civility 
there at least. We rode twenty miles to Emley's churchy where 
the great revival of religion was some years ago. I felt a little, of 
the old, good spirit there still. Thence wejourneyedonto Penny- 
Mill, fifteen miles, where I was enabled te speak strong words. 
Thence I came to New-Mills, and gave them an alarming talk on 
— ^Judgment beginning at tbe house of God. 

PEfTNsrLVANU. — Saturday, October 3. 1 came through the sand 
to Philadelphia, and 6n Sunday evening I preached on " All seek 
their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's." In doing 
which — 

I.I pointed out the things that are Jesns Christ's. 



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1795.1 ABV. riKrAy«t» AMURT^Cr JOQRNAL, 23$ 

If. How these ai^ to be soogfat. 

Hi. That men are not to seek themselres wholly, or partially, 
in the mroistry of Christ, hut that ulf must be altogether out of 
the question. 

Monday 5. We opened our conference, and went on with great 
peace, love, and deliberation, but were rather irregular, owing to 
aoikie preachers not coming in until the third or fourth day. We 
made better stations than could be expected, extending from 
l^iorthampton, in Virginia, to the Seneca Lake. 

Friday 9, we observed as a day of fasting and prayer. I 
preached at eleven o'clock on Joel ii. 15-— 17. 

Saturday 10. Our conference rose.' 

Sunday 11. I preached in the morning at the African church, in 
the afternoon at Ebenezer, apd in the evening at St. George's, 
trhere, to my surprise, the galleries were filled. I applied 
*< Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men.'^ 
! find work enough, bebg often compelled to digress to call the 
attention of the wild peofrfe. 

Monday 12. After gettii^ a copy of the minutes 1 came to 
Chester, and dined with Mary Withy, who hath Kved a widow in 
this house thirty^one yearS^ and hath kept one of the most com- 
plete houses of entertainment in America. She hath sold out for 
£3000, and is to give place in three weeks. I came late to Wil- 
mington, and preached on Col. i. 10. The great hinderance to 
the work of God here is the loose walk of professors of religion. 
Thence, by T. H-*-^'s, I proceeded to North-^East Foi^e, and 
lodged with my dear son, D. Sheredine. 

Maryland.— Wednesday 14. We came to Cokesbury. Here 
we undertook to make an inventory of ^11 the property bdoi^ing 
to Cokesbury college, and found the sum total of the amount to be 
seven thousand one hundred and four pounds, twelve shillings and 
nine pence. 

Saturday 17. I came to Baltimore to attend the quarterly meet- 
ing ; brother Whatcoat and myself filled up Sunday the 18th, and 
were crowded with people. 

Tuesday 20. Our conference began. We had preachers from 
the Northern-Neck ; and what is called New- Virginia, (Pitt Dis- 
trict,) and the west of Maryland'— about fifty-five in number. On 
Friday night there was a public collection for the assistance of the 
preachers who were deficient in their quarterage. 

Sunday evening 25. I preached on *' Then shall many be of- 
fended, and shall betray one another." As I wished not to be id)e 



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236 MV. FRANCIS ASBWT'S dTOURNiUi. [1795. 

I conduded to spend a good part of this week in meetix^ classes. 
The Africans of this town desire a charch» which, in temperaUi» 
shall be altogether under their own direction, and ask greater %pri- 
▼ileges than the white stewards and trastees ever had a right lo 
claim. 

Thursday 2Q. Was a very solemn day of thanksgivitig : the 8q1>- 
ject I made choice of was Psalm czlvii. 20. ** He ^hath not dealt 
so with any nation." This I applied spiritnally— 

I. To ourselves as individuals. 

II. As it applies to our families. 

III. To the society and ministry. 

IV. As it applies to the continent. 

In the afternoon 1 preached at the Point on << In every thing 
give thapks." 

Saturday 31. I left town and came to EikRidget where I fowd 
a little time for reflection and prayer. 

Sunday, Nov. 1. I preached and administered the sacrament tm 
the Ridge. After twenty-three years preaching here, we have a 
small society. I dined at the widow Howard's, and had an inter- 
view with sister Pue, who appeared to be deeply oppressed with 
the loss of her valuable husband. It is now more than twenty 
years since the doctor attended my ministry ; and I have to hope 
was deeply awakened. In the latter part of his life he was much 
afflicted ; he called upon God, and I trust died in peace* I doubt 
if there hath been a man of his profession of equal skill, continua- 
tion, and attention, in the state of Maryland. Mr. Fletcher, when 
near his end cried out, *' My poor, what will become of my poor ?" 
So the Doctor, when on his death-bed, " What will become of my 
patients ?" 

Monday 2* After riding forty miles, 1 came late in the evening to 
Georgetown, and found a congregation waiting at the new chapel. 
Although wearied and unwell, I felt some liberty in speaking ; and 
I am persuaded that good might have been done here if professors 
had not traded away their characters. It is strange, that people pro- 
fessing no religion, look for justice and perfection in all Christians, 
and forget themselves. 

Virginia. — Thursday 5. I reached Faulks. Friday 6, ipreached 
at the widow Bumbury's, to about sixty-six hearers, after riding 
about sixty-six miles from Alexandria. 

Saturday 7. I rode about forty-two miles, and found a quiet re- 
treat at brother E---^— 's. Next day I had about four hundred 
hearers. 



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il6BJ] Acv* FRAHCfS asbvry's jovrnal. 237 

Wednesday 11. I had about three hundred bearers at Lancaster 
meeting-house. Caoie in the evening to the widow Diggs's. Fri- 
day 13, after preaching to a few people at the widow Woodland's, 
VfB set out at one o'clock for Bowles's ferry, and crossed in forty 
minutes, although it was three miles 'over: we landed in Essex 
county, and rode eight miles to brother Mann's, where' 1 preached 
fifteen years ago. 

Saturday 14. I Tisited brother L. R. Cole, and spent tlie day with 
him and bis agreeable wife. Brother Reuben Ellis is certainly 
married, for the first time ; may it be for the glory of God, and the 
good of his church, and comfort of the dear man and his wife ! 

Sunday 15. I preached to sotne souls within and round the 
house, with a mixture of rich and poor, tame and wild people, at 
mother Cowles's !— rl am amazed at the dear aged woman — the addi- 
tional labour to which she submits, although now between seventy 
and eighty years of age, and possessing such strong mental pow- 
ers ! — it is surprising. 

Monday 16. After a rainy morniog I rode to Paup's chapel, and 
had nearly a hundred people. I spent the evening with Mrs. J. 
Ellis, brother Paup, and brother Perry : — 1 was not so spiritual as 
I mi^t have been. 

' Tuesday 17. Crossed Mattaponi at Frazie's ferry, and Pomonkey 
at Putney, and came to Colonel Cleaton's : the weather Was cold, 
and the wind and hunger were both pinching. We were kindly 
entertained at P. Daties's : Stephen, his brother, is dead, and hath 
left the chief of what he had to the church. He hath appoioted me 
his trustee to dispose of it, and J. Ellis his executor. I feel the 
burden of the connexion ; my only hope is, that the Lord of the 
harvest will send labourers into his vineyard, not mine. 

Thursday 19. i preached at Richmond ; and the next day came, 
oold and hungry, to my affectionate, kiod, adopted son, J. Harding's, 
In Petersburg. Here several of the preachers met me, to accom- 
pany me to the quarterly meeting in Brunswick. I received an 

original letter from Mr. L , not like what I wrote ; so 1 bid 

him farewell : 1 will not give him another opportunity to abuse 
me ; neither shall 1 lay to heart what he saith to afflict me. 1 at- 
tended the quarterly meeting at Meritt's chapel, and there was 
some move among the people. I rode to J. Paup's, and had some 
consultation about Ebenezer school. 

Monday 23. 1 preached at W ^s chapel, and in the evening, 

came, cold and hungry, to L. Holmes's, in Mecklenburg, 



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tS9 BET. rRAVOIS ASBimr^B TCVKKUi. [179& 

Taesday 24. Oar emifereBce began at SaYem chapel; there 
were present about fifty members, and sixteen probationers—^ 
we bad close work ; and great harmony in sentiment. 

Saturday 28. Brothers A and C-— — preached ; and we had 

a warm, ]i?ing season. 

Sunday 29, was a great day. I preached on 1 Tim. iii. 15, 16. ; 
and there were ten elders and nine deacons ordained. This part 
of the connexion has regained its proper tone, after being kept ont 
of tone for fi?e years by an unhappy division. We were kindly en- 
tertained by our friends and brethren ; preachers and people were 
blest ; and we parted in peace. 

Monday 30. 1 had a few people, and several preachers at bro- 
ther Seward^s. The next ^y at Wolsey's barn, (now Drnmgold's 
chapel) I had a few people, they having had bat short notice : 
here religion appears to be in a low state : I spent the evening with 
brother E. D — >- ; hb house is not with the Lord, as he prayeth 
and longeth ; yet I trast God hath made an everlasting covenant 
with the father, well ordered and sare. 

Wednesday, December 2. I preached at my old friend W, 
Owen's, whom I first knew at Portsmooth ; we had a small honsei 
and a good meeting. In the evening I came to my aged friend Bf . 
M-— — 's; whom I have known these twenty years, although never 
at his boose before. 

North Carolina.— ^Monday 7. I preached at brother Clayton's, 
near Halifax ; and then hasted to brother Bradford's, where we 
had a small congregation the next day. Yesterday evening Wil- 
liam Glendenning stayed here : he talked very boldly to R. W-^— - ; 
alleging that he was free, &c. I expect he will go on without 
fear or wisdom, until many of the Methodnts will not receive him 
into their houses and hear the abuse of their ministers, people, 
and discipline. 

We crossed Tar-River and Town*Creek, and came to T. Shep- 
pard^s, where we had all things richly to enjoy. I had my trials, 
and my spirit was greatly afflicted and humbled : 1 was glad to get 
alone to pour out my soul unto God. 

Saturday 12. This bath been to me a day of trial and consola- 
tion. It is wonderful to see how the peopk in this country are 
hid by swamps and creeks. 

Sabbath day 13. We set out in the midst of the rain to Span's 
meeting-house ; I had ten hearers, to whom I preached on Luke 
xii. 32. We came to brother Span's, who has sold off his pro* 



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17M.] ii£v. vjuvcia ASBvav's joornal. 

petty, and is aboot to moTe to the high lands of South CaroUiia : 
the reason he assigns is laudable ; and I think God will be with 
him. It raioed*powerfally in the night, which brought me under 
great exercise about getting along, having been so often stofiped 
bj, and dipped in the rivers and swamps. 

Monday 14. We crossed Nense-River at Whitefield's ferry, the 
river rising very &6t. We passed North-East and Goshen bridges, 
and Bear-Swamp ; all of which we crossed in safety, though not 
without fear : ray feet were wet, my body cold, and my stomach 
empty, having had no dinner. I (ouod a good fire, a warn bed, 
and a little medicine, each necessary in its place. No people 
mdEe you more welcon»e to their houses than these ; but is Christ 
welcome to their hearts 2 I am sensible of the want of more re- 
ligion among them. 

Friday 18. After ridiog about twenty miles, I preached at Fa* 
ther V— ^'s ; I felt strangely set at liberty, and was ttncommooLy 
happy. Here we left Goshen circuit, and Samson county. 

Saturday 19. We crossed the south branch of Black-River, and 
came to Elizabethtown, about fifty miles above Wilmington : we 
had a very cold day, and nothing to eat for thirty miles. Brothec 
H^Rea met us tiear the town and took us to his house ; and it was 
well he did, or we« might have been lest in the woodiu But the 
kindness of the peo[de in supplying our wants made up for our 
toil — ^Lord, comfort them who comfort us ! Here we had a quiet 
retreat, and spent the Sabbath in pablic and. private exercises. 

Monday 2h We set out by sunrise, and had to W(urk our way 
through the swamps, where I feared being plunged in headfore- 
most. I have lately been much tried several ways ; and mucl^ 
comforted. We came down Brunswick county. North Carolina, 
twenty miles to Norman's, within the line of South Carolina.. 
Cross where you will between the states, and it is a miserable pass 
for one hundred miles west. I was much led out on Rev. xxi. 
6 — 8. This country abounds with bays, swamps, and drains ; if 
there were here no sinners, I would not go along these roads. I 
am in want of rest, and should be glad of better fare. O, for pa- 
tience, faith, courage, and every grace I Sometimes I feel a^ 
though I could rejoice to die and go home : but at other times the 
work of God is in my way, and sometimes my own unworthiness. 
_ SovTB Carolina. — ^Thursday 24* We came to Kingston, where 
I preached in an old Presbyterian meeting-house, now repaired for 
the use of the Methodists. I spent the evening with W. Rogers, 
formerly of Bristol, where our wants were richly supplied t thus, 



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S40 RSy. riliNCIS A9BURr's JOV&NAJU [^T96« 

sometimes we abound aod at other times suffer want ; and we fos^ 
balance the one with the other. 

Christmas-day 26. We set out at six o'clock for Georgetown, 
aQd came to Urania Ferry, which we crossed and came to Waca-; 
maw-River : we were detained at the two ferries about three hpurs« 
and rested one, and came to Georgetown about four o'clock in the, 
evening ; having rode thirty-seven miles without eating or drink* 
ing, except a low land hard apple, which I found in my pocket. 
The vanity of dancing in this place is in a good degree dope away, 
and they have no play-house, and the people are very attentive i 
I trust diat time and patience will bring all things about; that we 
shall not ride so many hundred miles in vain, and that so many 
prayers offered up, and tears shed for their welfare, will not be 
lost. After ten years' labour we have done but httle, but if we 
could station a preacher here, we might yet hope for success, t 
found brother Cannon had not laboured in vain ; he hath established 
class meetings among white and black; and the good would have 
been still greater had prayer meetings been properly kept up. We 
try to do good, but who among us try to do all the good they ca^ ? 
for myself, I leave no company without fears of not having dis;. 
charged my duty. Were it not for Jesus, who would be saved! 
When I have preached, I feel as tbongh I had need to do it over 
again; and it is the same with all my performances. Brother 
Blanton, my faithful friend,, wbo freely offered himself to .go to 
Sooth' Carolina, now my companion in travel, had not preached foz 
a month, so 1 thought it time for him to begin again, which hc^ did 
in the evening. I preached on Psalm xii. 1. and on4he Sabbath I 
preached on Dent. v. 12—14, In the afternoon the people were 
attentive and somewhat moved. I find the scene is chaii^d ia 
Georgetown ; we have a number of very modest, attentive hear^ 
ers, and a good work among the blacks. The Methodists b^giii to 
stand on even ground with their antagonists. 
. Monday 28. We directed ^ur course towards Charleston, and 
crossed Santee at Lanues's ferry, which fs the best I know on the 

river. In the evening we reached Mr. C 's : I felt for the man 

of the house, and was pleased in having the privilege of praying 
with them, and enjoyed great sweetness therein. 

Tuesday 29. We came to our dear brother Jackson's on Cain Hoy 
River : here we had the pleasure of hearing of some revival of 
religion among the children and domestics of the Methodists. 
. Wednesday 30. We reached Charleston, having made it fsibout 
seventy-four miles from Georgetown, along an excellent road. 



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1796.] REV. FRANCIS ASBVRY '8 JOURKAl^ Ut 

Here sdre the rich, (he rice, and the slaves ; t^ last is awfal to 
me. Wealthy people settled oq the rice lands of Cooper-River 
liold fironft fifty to two hundred slavcis on a plantation in chains of 
bondage : yet God is able of these stones, yea, of these slave-hold- 
ers, to raise ap children unto Abraham. My son! felt joyfdl and 
solenui at the thoughts of a revival of religion in Charleston* I 
&id several young persons are brought into the fold of Christ* 

Thttrsday 31. Several of the preachers came into the city to 
conference. We had a meltiog time at the love^feast at tarotliet 
Wells's. 

Friday, Janaary 1, 1796. I gave them a sermon suited to the 
beginning of the year, and the sacred fire was felt. Saturday ?, 
we began our conference. Lord's day 3, was a day of extraordi- 
nary divine power, particularly at the sacramtent } white and black 
cried out and shouted the praises of God^ — yea, 

*• , ** Clap your hands, y-e people all,1 

Praiae tfi« God on imhaai ye call.** 

Monday 4« We again entered on the business of confereBce ; 
prec^ent, about twenty members and seven graduates. Tuesday 5^ 
continued our business ; we have great peace and love — see eye 
t6 eye, and heart to heart. We have now a second and confirmed 
actiount that Cokesbury college is consumed to ashes, a sacrifice 
of £10,000 in about tea years! The foundation was laid in 1785, 
snd it was burnt December 7, 1795. Its enemies may rejoice, mi 
its firtends need not mourn. Would any maa give me £10,000 
per year to do and suffer agaiA what 1 have done for that house, 
I would not do it. The Lojrd called not Mr. Wbitefield nor the 
Methodists to build colleges. I wished only for schools — Doctor 
Coke wanted a college. I feel distressed at the loss of the libr|ry. 

Thursday 7, we observed as a day of fitsting and httmiliation* to 
seek the blessiog of God on the conference. We began, continued, 
and parted in the greatest peace and union. We concluded tb send 

J, J and J. R — ^ — , alternately, as missioaaries to Savannaii 

and the ancient parts of Georgia. Friday 8, most of oor brethren 
took their leave of the city, and I had time for recollection. We 
have in some cases had to station one preacher where formerly 
there were two : i tru^t the cause to God, and he will support it 
for his own glory ; I must h>ok more to him and less to men, who- 
ther aged, middle-aged, youmg, married, or single, of great or 
small abilities. My mind is variously exercised about staying here : 
. Vox, 11. 31 



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2^ : REV. FRANCIS ASBURV'S JOVfOHtL. [I79§. 

I lament the partiality of the people for and against partkiiTait 
preachers. 

Sunday 10. I gave them a discourse on Hab. ii. 1, 2. " I wilt 
etandupon my watch, and set me upon the tower, and will watch to 
see what he wrll say unto me, and what I shall answer when I am 
reproved. And the Lord answered me, Write the vision, and make 
it plain upon tables ^hat he may run that read^th it?' At noon bro^ 
ther Hill made an attempt to preach i& the street opposite St; 
Michael's church, but was prevented by the guard ; however, it* 
wrought right, for many were led to attend the church in the after- 
noon and evening meetings : there appears to be great moving one 
way or another. 

Monday 11. My soul is stayed upOD God, momently looking 
unto him. Ii^ reading Mr. Winterbotham, I compared the grekt 
talk about President Washington formerly, with what some say and 
write of him now : according to some he then did nothing wrong ; 
it is now said that he was always partial to aristocrats^ and eottfi^ 
nental officers : as to the latter, I ask. Who bought the liberty of 
the states T the continentaf officers : — and surely they should issap 
a little of the sweets of rest and peace : these were not chimney*^ 
corner whigs. But favours to many of the officers now would come 
too late — a great number of them are gone to eternity, their con- 
stitutions being broken with hard fkre and labour during the war. 
As to myself, the longer I live, and the more I investigate, the 
more I applaud the uniform conduct of President Washington in dl 
the important stations which he has filled. 

Sunday 17. My spirit felt awfal through the morning : I preach** 
ed to a fifU congregation, and had a solemn season; and- in the 
afternoon I preached on Luke viii. 10. Monday 18. I am sttH 
employed iir reading : I admire the sterling truth containedin Mr; 
Wesley's writings on divinity. 

Thursday 21. -Precious time — how it 'flies f I was greatly en* 
tertained and comforted in spirit in receiving from brother Sou- 
therland an account of the great, confirming blessing, he hath exp^^ 
rienced to his soul. Oh ! that we could receive such accounts frofft 
every ikmily ! I have written to several of my ancient friends in 
Philadelphia. I may say of letters as it was said of silver in the 
days of Solomon, *' I make no account of that :'^ 1 suppose I must 
write nearly a thousand in a year. 

Sunday morning 24. I was so poorly as to be hardly able to rise 
from my bed ; however, I made out to deliver two discourses m 



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nd6b] ItEir. FRANCIS ASBUKY^S JOUBJIAL. 243 

public to laif e congregations. Monday, I wrote, Tisited, and 
rode ; I read bat little. Oh ! time, precious time, how swiftly doth 
it fly! 

Wednesday 27. I have great reason to praise God that I am in 
» bouse* and not exposed to the dreadful rains and freshets that 
^▼e taken place^ We learn by late accounts that corn, rice, 
cattle, bridges, and we know not what, are swept away and de* 
stroyed by the late uncommon rains. I feel myself humbled before 
God, under a sense of my not having been as faithful to him as 
I might have beet). 1 am rather too much delighted with reading 
en paper, what I have read with my eyes in my travels through 
the continent. 

Sunday SI. Was much taken up with the work of the Lord : I 
preached in the morning and afternoon. 

Monday, February 1. I have wrote in the most pointed manner 
to my dear brethren at Baltimore, to establish prayer meetings ia 
every part of the town* My mind is unhappy ; I wish to be 
jgone into the country to be about my Master's work. 

, We had a prayer meeting, but the spirit of prayer and suppli« 
cation did not appear to be among the people. I have peace with 
God ; but my soul is in continual heaviness for Zion. 

Wednesday 3. I had* near two hundred and fifty of the African 
society at the love-feast held for them in the evening. Oh, my 
God ! display Uiy power. 1 received good news from Jesse Lee 
concerning the prospect of religion in Boston, Providence, and the 
District of Maine — that the preachers, societies, and quarterly 
neetings are lively. My soul at times is in heaviness through 
manifold temptations. I felt an impression on my mind when at 
prayer that I felt too much, and might fret myself because of 
evil doers ; I resolve, through grace, to be inore resigned to the 
Lord, and less distressed, least I should lightly sin against God or 
myself in unnecessarily injuring my health. 

Friday 6, I spent in reading and writing, and observed it as a 
day of fasting and prayer. I felt myself under dejection of spirit 
Ah I what a dreary world is this — my mind is under solemn im- 
pressions — the result of my reflections on God and souls. I will 
endeavour not to distress myself above measure. If sinners are 
lost, 1 cannot save them, neither shall I be damned for them. . I 
was happy last evening with the poor slaves in brother Wells's 
kitchen, whilst our white brother held a sacramental love-feast in 
the Ifront parlour up stairs. I must be poor : this is the will of 
Goal concerning me. 



\ 



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S4i JbaiTp F£i^;ci9 a8Buily'*8 jovBnJLt. {17dCL 

Tht AJteihodists haye dow about ninety thousand memben of 
society in Europe, about serenty thousand in America and thft 
Islands, and about four hundred in Africa. 

Sunday 7. We had an awful, sekmn season, while I diseoaneii 
on the two thie?es that su&red with our Lord, and still more so 
in the afternoon on our Lord^s comment on the ^ith command* 
ment : it was dreadfully loud and alarming. I believe thi^ 
believers, seekers, and sinners felt the word, and I was pleased 
to hear that some were stricken with the power of God. I 
feel very weak in body, and find that i^e makes an alteratiAn* 
But my soul is truly happy in the Lord, and his work i» reviving 
amongst us. . 

Sunday 14. I began the solemnity of the jdaj by opening and 
applying our Lord's comment on the seventh commandment, whieb 
is designed to condeom the adultery of the. heart. It appears to 
have been the will of our Lord not to give liberty for a second 
marnage while a fofiner husband or wife' is living. St. Paul nv- 
doubtedly understood it so, even when heathen husbands left their 
wives, or wives left their husbands* . >< 

Wednesday 19. The city now appears to be running mad Ibr 
races, plays, and balls, i am afraid of being out of my duty in 
staying here too long : my soul is among the lions ; yet Christ is 
mine, and I trust my supreme deftire is, ^* Holiness to the Lord**' 
My soul longeth to be gone like a bird fr<kn a cage. I have been 
employed in visiting from house to house, and lament the super- 
ficial state of religion among the white people who are called 
Uethodists. 1 hare thought \£ we had entered here to preach 
imly to the Africans, we should probably have done better. 

Sunday SI. I delivered two discourses on our Lord's Ser* 
mon on the Mount, and wa& loud, long, alarming, and not very 
pleasing. 

Monday 21. I felt myself indisposed, owing to the ezertionB of 
the day past. 

Wedaesdi^ 24 and Thursday 25, I was employed in putting my 
thoughts together on the unlawfulness of divorce-— of having more 
than one wife, or taking a second on any consideration while the 
first is living. 1 begin te feel comfortable at the thoughts of 
leaving thb city shortly. This makes me fear I ought not to stay 
here so long. . It is truer I have a thousand or twelve hundred 
hearers, and two or three hundred of these change with the (Say. 
My soul posseeseth peace, but great unworthinesa cleaveth to me« 
I am apprehensive I injure myself by giving too intense appUca* 



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1796.] m£ir* fbakcis asourv'« jourval* 1^45 

tion to readKn^* In my earlj dajs I contracted a habit for this, 
and I camxot easilj give it op* 

Saoday 28. My morniiig subject was Philippians i. 8, 9. To the 
evening I treated on wolves m sheepa* clothing : some laughed, some 
sreptf and some were TOied. Ah how I wish to make my escape 
smd be gone ! i most pay for this indulgence with pain of mind : 
l.feel for these souls : many of them who hxre been sitting under 
my ministry, appear to be more hardened now than when I begsoi 
first to preach to them ; and no wonder, seeing they hare so in- 
iultod the Spirit of God. 

Wednesday, Biarch 2. For my unhoKness and unfaithfulness, tnf 
soul is humbled : was I to stand in my own merit, where should I 
be or go, but to hell ? The time drawing nigh when 1 expected. to 
leave the city, I was visited by my poor Africans, and had their 
prayers and best wishes. And now, what have I been doing? I 
have preached eighteen sermons, met all the classes, fifteen in 
ttomber, wrote about i^ghty letters, read some hundred pages ; 
vieited thirty families again and again But who are made the sub- 
jects of grace f Such are my impreasians, that i am apprehensive 
God will work more in judgment than in mercy ; and that this 
wifi be an eventful year to the inhabttants of this place: lathe 
coovse of my stay here I have written more than three hundred 
]^i(geB on subjects interesting to the society and conoetion. 

Thursday 3. I l^tbe city ; the rain of yesterday and to-day 
has made the road extremely wet and -muddy ; it was in our favouir 
that we came over the Causeway at Asfaky-Rivet*, without swim* 
ming. We came in the evening, dripping, to father E ■ i o , 
having rode thirty 'four miles. 

Friday 4. We crossed Edisto-River, and came to Island-Creek. 
At a pole-house I talked awhile on 1 dhron. vii. 14. and adminis- 
tered the sacrament. My feet were as if they had been steeped 
in water. 

We had to ride three miles for led^ngs, hungry, wet, and weary. 
Since half past eight yesterday we have rode upwards of sixty 
miles. I am now turned fifty years of age, and feel it hard to fiesh 
and blood to go upon the old line, as in former days. God is at 
work in tMs place, so that we do not labour and sufier dto^ther 
in rain. I was under some difficulties about getting along, owing 
to the great rains, which have so raised the water courses that 
tboy are impassable. We at length directed our course towards 
Augusta ; with deep wading, by the assistance of brother B ■ , 
and by the blessti^ of Providence, we came to father E % a 



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S46 KSV. FlUKOIfil ASfiVRY> JOYlllNAtf |179Sf 

Lot in Sodom. It is all right that I shoQl4 come to^see tbeee Kged 
people, and preach to the youog ones. I am weary, biit I wUl to* 
▼el on : I only want more of the spirit of faith amd prayer. I fisel 
very sensibly for my dear Charleston people ; I doubt no^ Iwt 
tbey think of and pity me» My feet have been wet every dayri 
for four days successively ; but the kindness o£ the people help-- 
eth me ^atly over these troubles. 

Wednesday 9. Rode twenty-five miles to Chester's. Here! 
learned Edisto was impassable. If we had not hasted along as we 
did, we should not have passed it in proper time, and I should have 
been prevented from visiting Georgia this year also. There are 
so many water courses, and so few ferry's, that going through tbifl 
country in any certain time is like a lottery. 

Thursday 10. We sent notice through the neighbourhood, ta 
collect a congregation ; so I had the privilege of preaching to^ a 
people I had not addressed for six years. Oh ! my soul, how dost 
thou travadl for souls night and day 1 

GfiORGU. — I crossed W 's ferry ; the point on the south 

Side is washed like a beach, and the house swept away by the ktai 
freshets; I saw how the flood bad ploughed up the street of 
Augusta : I walked over, the ruins for nearly two miles, viewing 
the deep gulfs in the main street. 1 suppose they would cruciQr 
me if 1 were to tell tbem it is the African flood ;^ but if they could 
hear me think, they would discover this to be my sentiment. I 
was honoured with the church to preach in ; where I had about 
four hundred respectable hearers. I have delivered my owe 
soul— 'it may be once for all. I have rode about one hundred and 
liinety miles from Charleston into Geoigia ; I have attended foust 
meetings ; and have not had, in all, above six hundred hearers.. 

Wednesday 16. I rode fifteen miles to Whiteoak; J was sick; 
the house was very open, and the wind blew powerfully. Dying!^ 
— dead !— unpleasing appearances ! We swam our horses adross; 
Little-River, and had to ride fifteen miles after preaching to get 
our dinners. 

Friday 18. I was very much outdone before I reached Comb'f 
meeting-house, which was very open. I was very warm in preach*, 

ing. 1 rode to G 's in the evening, making it nearly twenty 

miles : when I came there I was so indisposed, that I was glad tfjt 
go to bed. Next morning I felt better, and rode to the school afc 
Coke's chapel ; where, after preaching,^! partially examined tfae 
^cbolars^ 



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3'1^.} RBV, raANCIS ASBtJliT's JOfTRHAi. £47 

Thursday S4. I bad a few wealthy, aod, I fear, wicked people 
^ af Fope'd chapel ; I preached on our Lord's weeping over Jerusa- 
lem. We had deep wading across Long-Creek, add made it nearly 

twenty miles to — , very kind« but no religion here. Since I 

have been in Georgia, I have had H blessed time of consolation in 
my own soul. I must needs go through Petersbui^. I had to 
ride to CurUail-River, and thence to the head of Reedy-Rtver^ 
twentyeight or thirty miles. We got no food for man nor horse 

until we came to D 's; I preached to his father twenty-two 

years ago. 

SotTTH Carolina. — Tuesday 29. I held forth about an hour and ai 
half on Acts iii. 26. We set x>ut again about two o'clock j and had 
to ride, for our dinner oidi^ tweniy miles. We crossed Muddy, and 
Lick Creeks, Little and Great Bush^-River. These afford bodies 
of excellent land. 

Wednesday 30. We had a meeting of the trustees of Bethel 
school, and it was agreed it should be a free school; and th^ only 
the Ei^lish tongue and the sciences shoald be taught. I drew up 
iartiddress on behalf of the school in order to raise three hundred 
dollars per annum, to support a president teacher. I idined.with 
UQr unshaken friend, W^ P. an Israelite indeed. He hath all things 
richly to enjoy, and a good conscience also. He was formerly a 
travelling preacher amongst us, and laboured for and with us nearly 
as long as he was able. The weather is as warm here as in th6 
month of June to the north. I was so weary with riding that i 
could not sleep. 

Sunday, April 3. A multitude of sinners came together at W.' 

S ^'s. I feel myself still faint and feebte, and would not live 

always. 

Monday 4. I crossed Fair-Forest, and came to J*. G.'s, where I 
had to stop and rest. Since I came into South Carolina, I have 
rode throngh Newbury, Spartansburgh, Union, and Lawrence coun- 
ties. There is a general complaint of the want of com in these 
parts ; and no wonder, when we consider the great storm which 
they have had, and th^ number of stills in the country : the people 
here drink their bread as well as eat it I am so very poorly in 
body that close study injures me. I crossed Lawson-Fork at the 
high shoals, a little below the Beauty-Spot. I could not but admire 
the curiosity of the people-^my wig was as great a subject of spe- 
culation as some wonderful animal from Africa or India would have 
been, i had about one hundred people at the meeting-house, 
some came to look at, and others to hear me. We must needs go 



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off wUbpai any ^ner* intending t0 tide nearly forty aiiteir 16 
filter jtfpore's, in Rutherfor^l couaty, (N« C.) . Ail^r brother S^ 
and myaelf bad preached, we passed the Cow-Peat, where Moqeaa 
andTarltOD had their fray. We made it B«avly tweaty^five ooiles 
to Ihe Upper Mand ford, on the motn Brdad^Rirer; and alM 
tcaf^lling until seren o'clock at nigbt were glad to stop at brotfaef 
S ■ *8, ten miles short of the place we intended to teacb when 
we set out. ^■ 

NouH CAnouvJL-*^Wednesdi^ 6. •. We eame to Moore's t- 1 tras 
at a loss how to address myself to these people— it may be for Aei 
last time ; it was laid on my heart td speak from trar Lord^ lamien* 
tation over Jemsalem* I felt awful among them. 

Saturday. 9. We .came to CaQe*Creek, in ' Burke cooBtf. We 
dined on some peach-pte in the. woods. In the afternoon theri 
arose a most dreadfol storm of rain, with thundetr and lightning i 
it was very awful ; -we cHed to God for m^tt and beast, and were 
preserved. We came in about seten o^ctbck> and weris^ receired 
by T^ B. Iritb gceat UndnesA. 

Monday U. We crossed Lovekdy's ferry and came to Cat* 
nelFs^ where I met with several preachers* After preaching, I 
Wt^ fotag to administer the sacrament, and diseovered that what 
they bad provided for wibe was in reality brtody ; so 1 desikled. 
I|ere Lmet Doctor B-r, — ^11, who is still praying and waiting for' 
the consolation of Israel. I rode a mouhtainous path six miles tiir 
fttbet W*— **-'d, where, we dined. Ah ! what a rouud of continual 
running is my life. Of late, feeble as I am, I cannot help thinking 
of Gumberiandi^ in Tennessee ; and trying to go^ there : if I must 
go torKeatueky, I think it is time to go to Cumberland also. 

Thursday 14. We took our departure from Johns-River^ itjy 
thf .'branches of Catabaw r on our way we diet with a half ^iotid 
liviog crealnres, like men and women, who seemed quite pleased 
with their mountain wedding ; they were under the whip, iridiag 
two.and two as if they would break their necks ; one had'a white 
cl^ like a flag, and the other a silk handkerchief; when they 
had spent their fire, they called at a still- bouse to prime again* 
I ascended about one rintle up a mountain, and came to M. Da^ 
veopori'a : here 1 felt deep dejection of mind as well as gi%al 
wesAaiesa rof body, and as tf I could lie down and die ; bwing, hi 
some measdres^ 1 presume, to the great fatigue 1 onderwent itt 
ascending the mountain, which was very steep. 

Salorday 16.* We set off at six o'clock, and directed oUr coarse 
up ToW'River ;. thence up the Rocky-Creek through the g^ of 



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119^} REV. 9tMiCiS ASVPHy'S JOVMlAt. 249 

4i« YdQow.Moalitaiii) to the hbad waters of Toe-River ; we had 
t^ ride (Hi eigiit o'clock at night. My mind is still under deep 
depvcoiioB. 

TiurvKss8E>->^iiiida7 17. I preftched at Dawe's to ahoot two 
iHlodped (leOpie ; and then ioct the society, and had a melting sea^ 
#on. The milk aiid water of thts country are both as physic to 
me-^ I am afraid that sueh shocks as tli^sO) will, some time oi 
irtber, overset me. 

Monday 16. I rested at B-— ^'s; my body'' very feeble, and 
mind under etceeding d<^ecttoa, with imaginary and real evils. 

Tuesday evening, the preachers came in from Keatncky and 
Camberland. 

> Wednesday 20. Car conference began in great peace, and thus 
it ended. We had only one preacher for each circuit in Kentncky ; 
and one for Green drcuii in Tennessee. Myself being weak, 
and my horse still weaker, 1 jndged it impracticable to attempt 
going tbrodgh the wilderness to Kentucky ; and have concleded to 
visit Nolachncky. I wrote an apology te the brethren in Kentucky 
fofi my not eoming, and informed them of the cause. 

Monday 25. On the banks of Nolachucky I parted with our 
dear sulfering brethren, going through the howling wilderness. I 
feel happy in God* Sinners appear to be hardened, and professor 
cold ; the preachers, although young men, appear to be solemn and 
devoted to God, and doubtless are men who may be depended upoti. 
■ North Carolina. — I cMne to C--^ — '«, where I saw a Baptist 
minister, who had moved from Georgia to Kentucky ; he appeared 
desirous of returning again. I was told he expressed his fears, 
that the i^inisters in Kentucky wiU be a cone to each other, and the 
people too : good religion and such good land, are not so easily 
matched together. We came to D-*— 's, and had a full meeting. 
Brother Hill and his aids had a great time on the Sabbath ; and 1 
trust the time to &vour this people is come. 

Sunday, May 1. We came to AcuflTs chapel. I found the family 
sorrowful and weeping on account of the death of Francis AcuflT, 
who from a fiddler became a Christian ; from a Christian, a preacher; 
and from a preacher, I trust, a glorified saint t he died in the work 
of the Lord in Kentucky. I found myself assisted in preaching on 
Ephes. ii. 1 , 2. The bouse was crowded, and I trust they did not 
come together in vain. I was somewhat alarmed at the sudden 
death of Reuben Ellis, who bath been in the ministry upwards of 
twenty years j a faithful man of God, of slow, but very solid parts ; 
Vpi. IT. 32 



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2f60 Riir. FRANCIS asbvry's journal. [t7&0v 

be was an excellent counsellor, and steady yoke-i^Iow in Jesmi. 
My mind is variously exercised as to future events-^wbelber it » 
my doty to continue to bear the burden I now bear, or whether i 
bad not better retire to some other land. I am not without feaniy 
that a door will be opened to honour, ease, or interest ; and then 
ferewell to religion in the American Methodist connexion ; but 
death may soon end all these thoughts, and quiet all these fears. 

Virginia. — Thursday 6. I came to 's ; thence to the on* 

meaning meeting-house, and found a wild, wicked people, to whom 
I preached on Gen. xix. 18. An appointment had been made for 
me to preach in Abingdon. As 1 expected there would be no op- 
portunity, Bii the court was then sitting,* 1 concluded to go off to 
Clinch, but was informed there would be (by the will of the 
judges) an adjournment of the court for my preaching : I there^ 
fore went and preached at three o'clock, and had the judges, some 
of the lawyers, and very few of the citizens to hear me. As sen-* 
tence was passed on a poor criminal this day, and two more were 
burnt in the hand, 1 judged I ought to meet the solemnities of the 
day, and spoke on <* Knowing therefore the terrors of the Lord; me 
persuade men ;" but was shut up in my own mind. 

Saturday 7. 1 escaped from Abingdon as out of a prison, and rodto 
to Clinch. 1 passed by Mr Cummings^s — he hath not laboured^ 
for nought ; few men have a better house or plantation : but hii 
plea is, ** He put his life in his hand :" and so have I, every time 
I have crossed the wilderness and mountains. I expect a crown 
for my .^rvices : were I to charge the people on the western wa* 
ters for my services, I should take their roads, rocks and moun- 
tains into the account, and rate my labours at a very high price. 

We crossed North-Holstein, and came to D 's, sixteen miles } 

where we had a congregation of about two hundred people. 

Tennessee. — Saturday 14. We passed Russell court-house, ami 

intended to go to B 's, but were met by a most violent storm of 

rain, thunder, and lightning. We had a most dreadful crack ; the Gre 
nnd scent were like the discharge of a great gun ; I was much alarmed 
for nearly a mile with expectation or fear of what would overtake us. 
We found shelter from part of the storm in a poor cabin, where 
some people had stopped on their way to Cumberland. Cold, la* 
boor, and being in the rain, causes me to feel very unwell. 

Sunday 8. In the morning I awoke very unwell ; I took a few 
drops of camphorated spirits, Bateman's Drops, and paregoric, and 
found some ease,.although my headach and fever still coQtino^d. 
I made out to preach to about two hundred people. 



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.^_ 1 



I^IM.] AEV. FRANCIS ASBURT^ JOURNAL. 251 

Mooday 9. I hobbled over the ridge, through the capital part of 

Russell coantj» sixteeo miles to 6 's : these people have lived 

in peace ever since the death of Beo, the half-blooded Indian war- 
rior, who was shot through the head while carrying off two women. 
He was a dreadful wicked wretch, who by report may have been 
the agent of death to nearly one hnndred people in the wilderness, 
and on Russell. Here I preached to a few insensible people ; and 
had time to read^ >vrite, and sleep in quiet. Yesterday our pray- 
ers were requested on behalf of F. D . This day in the eve- 

sing brother K was called upon to perform her funeral so- 
lemnities. Perhaps she has been as great % female sufferer as I 
have heard qL. The followii^ account, in substance, was taken 
from her own mouth, some time ago, by J. Kobler, who performed 
faer funeral rites, 

H^ maiden name was Dickenson. She was married to a Mr 
Scott, and lived in Powell's Vallej : at which time the Indians were 
very troublesome, often killing and plundering the inhabitants. On 
a certain evening, her husband and children being in bed, eight or 
aiae Indians rushed into the house ; her husband being alarmed, 
started up, when all that had guns, fired at him. Although he was 
badly wounded, he broke through them all, and got out of the house : 
several of them closely pursued him, and put an end to bis life : 
(bey then murdered and scalped all her children before her eyes, 
plundered her house, and took her prisoner. The remainder of 
the night they spent around a fire in the woods, drinking, shouting, 
and dancing. The next day they divided the plunder, with great 
equality ; amongst the rest of the goods was one of Mr. Wesley's 
hymn-books ; she asked them for it, and they gave it to her, but 
when they saw her often reading therein, they were displeased, 
called her a conjurer, and took it from her. After this they tra- 
lelled several day's journey towards the Indian towns ; but, said 
the, my grief was so great I could hardly believe my situation was 
a reality, but thought I dreamed. To aggravate my grief, one of 
the Indians hung my husband's and my children's scalps to his back, 
and would walk the next before me. In walking up and down the 
hills and mountains, I was worn out with fatigqe and sorrow, they 
would often laugh when they saw me almost spent, and mimic my 
panting for breath. There was one Indian who was more humane 
than the rest ; lie would get me water, and make the others 
stop when I wanted to rest : thus they carried me on eleven days' 
jaurney, until they were all greatly distressed with hunger: they 



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3BS KXT« FfiARClS asb^ry's a^VEVAfU [ITUL' 

tkea oamiiiitt«d me lo the care of an old indiaii at the.oaup^ wUe . 
they went off a hviBtiiig. 

Wbilst the old man was busil}' employed in dnaungade^^ilBBi- 
I walked backward and forward throi^ the woods* until I •lr«' 
served be took no notice of me 4 I tben slipped el^ and nan' a cett»- 
siderable distance and came to a cane-brake* where I. bid ayaelf 
▼ery: securely. Tbrou^ most of the night I heard tbe^ indioMr 
searching for me, and answering each other with a voice Mkej thai 
of an owl. Thus was I left alone in the savage w3denus% hm 
from any inhabitants, without a morsel of food, er any fnead .tm 
help, but the common Saviour and friend of all : to Him I fonmA 
out my cemplaiDt in fervent prayer that he would not fovsake me 
in this distressiDg circumstance. 1 then set out the course the^ir 
thought Kentucky lay, though with very little exp^otatien of see»# 
ing a human face agam, except that of the savages ;. whom I leeked 
upon as so many fiends firdm the bottomless pit ; and my greateat 
dread was that of meeting some «f them wfaiM wandering. in. tiaa 
Wilderness. 

One day as I was travelliag, I heard a loud human voice, Bwkm 
prodigious- noise, like horses runnii^; I raft into a 4afe phuaa' shII 
hid myself ; and saw a company of Indians pass by, furiously ddi(» 
ving a gac^ of horses which they had stolen from the white ptf»^ 
pie. I had nothing to subsist upon but roots, young grape-viaesv' 
and sweet*cane, and such like produce of the woods. . I aceiden^ 
tally came where a beer was eating a deer, and drew near in.hope» 
ei getting some, but he grdwled and looked angry ; so I left hioi^ 
and quickly passed on. At night when I lay down to rest^ I never 
slept, but I dreamed of eating. In my lonesome travels, I came to a 
very large shelving roc^, under wiMch was a fine bed of leaves ; i 
erept in among them, and determined there to end my days of *8or<^ 
TOW. 1 lay there several hours until my bones ached in so dis* 
tressiog a manner that I was obl^d to stir out again. I then 
thought of^ an4 wished hr home ; and travelled on several days^ 
till I came where Cumberland-River breaks through the mountain. 

I went down the cliffs^ a coosiderable distance, until I was af- 
frighted, and made an attempt to go back, but found the ^place 
down which 1 had gone was so steep ths^ I could not return. I 
then saw but one way that I could go, which was a consideraUe 
perpendicular distance down to the bank of the River. I took bold 
of the top of a little bash, and for half an hour prayed fervently 
to God tor assistance ; 1 then let myself down by the little bash 



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1 ftt.] JUBTa VftAjrciS A9R1IST'b JOUBRASi^ ^&9 

VBtil li hcofce» aad I went itith great violence down to the botteoi* 
Tbtf was early in tbe morning, and I laj there a considerable time 
WiHi a deteriMna^n to go no further. Aboot ten o^cloick I grew 
•a tUrify, thai i eondaded to crawl to the >water and drink, after 
wMeh I found L conid walk. The plaet I came tkr^ivghy a$ I hmm 
h^m^ siac^ in/Qrmed, h onfy two miUs^ and I vasfomr daigt in getting 
tkt(H^ ii. I travelled on until t cme to a httle path, one end oC 
wrUeb led to the inhabitants, and the other to the witdemefU ; I 
knew not which end e# tbe path to take-^aAer standing and pray<t 
ittg to the Unrd for direction, I tor ned to take the end that led \» 
the wiklemeiw; ioEimediatelyi there came a little bird of a dove 
ccdoor near to my feet^ and flattered along the path that led to the 
iciiuibitaBts. i did not obserre this much at &rj3t, nntii it did it a 
secDiMl or third tkne ;. 1 then understood this as a direction of Pro- 
vidence^ and took Uie path whidi led me to the inhabitants^ Imniev 
dittlely after her safe arrival she embraced religion, and lived 3ibA 
died a hamUe feUowei^ of Christ. 

Sunday 1&. How gladly would 1 have attended my bed, rather 
tiiam s^-BMWtiag ; bat it was fixed otherwise, and I bad to st^Ml in 
tbe door, prested with people, ai|d preach to abont three bnn-. 
dred hearers. There was some stir among them, I £^ better in 
aoul and body ailer meetii^ than 1 did before. We passed through 
Wythe county, and rode seventy miles in two days. 
^ Thnrsday 19. I was crowded with stupid sinners of varie«s de- 
icnptiqns, to whom i preached on Joshua xsvv. 19^ ^ Ye cannot 
serve God,'' &c. h was a matter of surprise, that 1 not only refot 
sedto stay a night, but tiiat 1 did not eat briead nor drink water iff 
Uiat place. 

' Fri^y 20. We rode forty nules to Indiao-Cree^, about Meett 
aules above the mouth. We had oa place to dine until we arrived 
at father €-*—'», about six o'clock. If 1 could have re^lar food 
and sleep, I could stand the fatigtie I have to go through much 
better ; but this is impossible under some circumstances. To 
sleep four hours, and ride ibrty mil^ without food or fire is hard : 
-1-but we had| water enough in the rivers and creeks. I shall have 
rode nearly one thousand miles on the western waters' before I 
leave them; 1 have been on the waters of Noiachocky, to the 
nottth of Clinch ; on the north, middle, and sou^ branches of 
Bolftteio ; on New-Rtver, Green Eriar, and by tbe head springs of 
Mottongahela. If 1 were able I should go from Charleston (S. C.) 
a direct course, five hundred mites, to Nolachucky ; thence two 
hundred and fifty mileis to Cumberland ; thence one hundred to 



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254 RBT. FftAVCIS ASnXrSLY^'SOVKtfAt. . [1.79&. 

Kentucky ; thence one buiidred miles through that state, and two 
hundred to SaltSburg ; thence two hundred to Green Briar ; ttiettce 
two hundred to Red-Stone, and thre^ hundred to Baltifnore. Ah ! 
if I were young again ! I was happy to have a comfortable nigfat^s 
sleep, after a hard day's ride, and but little rest the night beforei 
I have now a little tim6 to refit, recollect, and write. Here foiti 
and savages once had a being, but now peace and improvenent. - 

Monday 23. I rode to Rehoboth chapel in the sinJES of Green 
Briar, where we held conference with a few preachers. Here I 
delivered two discourses. Thursday crossed Green Briar River, 
and had to pass along a crooked and dangerous path to Benton's* 
My mind is in peace. ' - . 

Friday 27. I felt myself very heavy : my mind unprepared for 
the congregation at Gilboa meeting-house, and could not preach 
with any satisfaction. After meeting the society, I came away 

much clouded. We came off from brother C 's about four 

o'clock, aiming at the Little Levels ; but darkness came on, and we 
had tor climb and blunder over the point of a mountain, in descend* 
ing which my feet were so squeezed that the blood was ready, to 
gosh out of the pores : I could hardly help weeping out my sorrow : 
at length ^e came to brother H 's, where the kindness of the 
family was a cordial, and we went to rest about ten o'clock, and all 
was well. 

Sunday 29. I was very warm in body and mind at M'Neale'e. 
In the afternoon (contrary to my sentiment and practice op the 
Lord's day) we took our departure, purposing to reach Moi^a- 
lown on Wednesday Zoning, in order to attend an appoidtmeDt 
made for me on Thursday, the second of June. We reached my 
eld friend Drinnon's, who received us gladly, and entertained oe 
kindly. Next day (Monday) we opened our campaign through the 
mountains, following a path I had thought never to travel again. 
Frequently we were in danger of being plucked off our horses by 
the boughs of the trees under which we had to ride. About sevea 
o'clock, after crossing sis mountains and many rocky creeks and 
Ibrds of Elk and Monongahela Rivers, we made the FcdUy of 
Distress^ called by the natives Tyger's Valley. We had a coni» 
fortable lodging at Mr. White's ; and here I must acknowledge 
the kindness and decency of the family, and their readiness to 
duty, sacred and civil. Thence we hastened on at the rate ^f 
forty-two miles a day. We had to ride four miles in the night, 
and went supperless to the Punchins, where we slept a little ofk 
hard lines. 



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1790.] BSHV, BftANCrS AtBURY's JOURNAJC^. ^b^ 

* ARbt encQimtering maoj difficuitiea, known only to God and 
onrsehres, we came to Morgantown. I doubt whether I shall 
aver request anj person (o conae and meet me at the levels of 
Oreen Briar, or lo accompany me across these mountains again^ as 
brother D. Hitt has now done. Oh! how chequered is lifel^ 
How thankful ought I to he that I am here safe, with life and 
limbs, in peace and plenty, at kind brother S * 's. 

PEffRBTLVANiA.— Thursday, Jgne 2. I gave them a discourse 
on ^^ Work out your own sanation with fear and trembling." I 
had half a dozen preachers and a congregation of serious hearers, 
and some wept. I was informed of an awful circumstance. A 
inan, aged seventy years, strangled his own son to prevent his 
appearing as evidence against him for thefl. 
. Thursday 9.r We crossed Great Yohogany, and came to Con- 
ners-Towo, where we had a good time. 1 preached on Acts iii. 

26. Sister C , who professed to find peace six or seven years 

ngo, when I prayed with her, was now sick ; I gave her counsel 
a&d medicine, and trust I left her better in soi^l and body. 
. Saturday 11. I rode to Union-Town, and. afler a solemn meet- 
ing, [ sat in conference with the preachers. 

Monday 13. We left Union-Town and rode about thirty-five 
Bules, and the next day forty^five to J. F 's. 

Maryland. — Wednesday 15. I came to Old-Town, and preached 
t,o a few people at brother J. J. Jacobs's, and the next day rode 
nearly forty miles to &ther F 's. 

Friday 17. We rode forty-two miles, and were weary enough. 

Saturday 18. I came to brother S. PhiHps's, ^M was glad to 
lay me down and rest, having rode about two hundred miles on 
uneven roads in five days and a hrif. 

Sunday 19. I was musing in my own pind how I could best 
spend the morning of that day. I concluded to call the family into 
the room, and address them pointedly, one by one, concerning 
tbeir souls : I did so, and hope it was not in vain. In the after- 
noon I preached on the twenty-third Psalm. 
. Tuesday 21.1 preached in Frederick- Town at ten o^clock, and 
at Liberty-Town at five o'clock. 

Wednesday 22. I had some life at the new meeting-house on 
the Ridge. I borrowed a horse to ride nine^ miles, and then made 
out to get to Baltimore. O what times are here I The academy is 
crowded, they have five teachers, and nearly two hundred ^holars. 
I will now take a view of my journey for sonje months past. 
From the hest judgment I can form, the distance is as follows.: 



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25S ft^V. FAAHCtS AStVRY'S JGdJUtO'* [1796. 

ttma Baltimore to Chaii«flt90 (3. C.) one tboamndHiilefl^; thence 
ap tbe state of South Carolina- two trandrtd^milcs ; fron tli«<eatM 
to the west of Georgia two bondFed miles ; throuf^ Kortb Cif«* 
Una one hundred milea; throagh the state of Tennessee onelmo- 
dred miles ; througb the west of Virgpnia three hundred jniles ; 
thro^h Pennsykania and the west of Maryland and down to Bal* 
timore foar huiidred miles. I was employed in town as iisori in 
preaehing and meetijig the classes, kc. I conttoned in iomm, 
until Thursday 30, and then set off, and came in the evening to 
Esqnire 6— ^— ^s* onr ancient lodging, and was received with 
their usual kindness. 

Friday, July 1. Came to Abingdon andeawtbe wfllis of Cokea*^ 
bury, with some pain of mind. We cM^ in the evsening .to if r. 
Dallam^s, whose house wjis the first home I had in tbese paiits.. 
Sister Dallam is worn out with affiictioo : but her cQnfidence.io 
God continues and appears to grow stronger. 

Saturday 2, and Sunday 3« 1 attended Cecil 4|«»0te]iiy<meetiaiS4 
SQd spent Monday 4th at Mr« Bassett'a ; I was so unwell^ that ^jnf 
company had not been entertaining I should iiave been in bed^;*^- , 

Wednesday 6. We bad a solemn season at Dudley's cbapel t k 
was like a Sabbath. t« 

Thursday 7. I rode tO'Cboptank (n<^w G9eendi)orQ«gb) Ibroui^ 
excessive heat', S. Cook was watching forme, and whenl Gafl«e.fb€ 
eould hardly bear ray presence^ ehe seemed as deeply affiscted nn 
if 1 bad been her father, knowing^ the great affection that 8ubsiet«d 
between her deceased father and myself. I am now bappy that it 
is not in me to weep as do others, or 1 might nc^ver wipe my eyes. 
I preached on Isai. Ivii. 18-*21. . 

Tuesday 10. I went to meeting nnder great heaviness; and 
there was some among the people* I dined with Wm. MocMre^ 
where I prophesied seventeen years ago. How few are leftnow 
that heard me then ! ^ 

Monday 11. The heat ^as been for some time, and stiUis,-ex* 
cessive ; I doubt if it be not equal to that in Georgia and the 
islands. We rode fifteen miles to Qoantee's chapel ; where we had 
a number of gay people ; but it appeared as if they did not under* 
stand or even hear what I said. We have reason to praise God 
for an abatement of the heat of the weather, which, had it cen« 
tinned, would have been insupportable. We had excessive raio; 
attended with thunder and lightning. 

We came to Snow-Hill, on Pocomoke-^River. I called on Ike 
weeping widow Bowen^ whose Ute husband, after being the princi- 



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11M«] JftfiV. FRANCIS ABUmv^Sr *OVIkliAL. 257 

f^d in bmldfagfH home for divine worship, died in peace* Her^' i 
»«t j^boat one thoaeand people : being unable to command the con* 
gtegatioa from the pnlpit, i stood in one of the doors, and preached 

to.thase who were in, and to those who were out of the house. 

r I Fode eight raUes to^the sea shore ; when we came near we 

/ fish the cool sea breeze very powerfully. I lodged with S. Evans, 

whose. house I visited sixteen years ago: herd are two people 

jdK>ye seventy years of age, who have lived together fok-ty-eight 

yesrs* 

: Tuesday 19. We rode forty miles to Lewistown ; we stopped to 
dine near H-:-*— 's grand mill seat. My spirits of late keep up 
greatly, not being subject to depression as heretofore. It cleared 
away about noon,, and gave tis the opportunity of riding two mile^s . 
«lit.of Lewistown, after preaching to the brethren and the Afri- 
cans. I dined with Mr. Shanklin, whose house was the first that 
was opened to me in this place. Wd then urged our way up the 
cofurty, and. escaped the rain until we came within two miles of 
Mifferd ; it then poured down very heavily, and we came in drip- 
piag aibout eight o'clock. 

-I Friday S2. We had a living love-feast: many opened their 
mouths, but spoke too much of what ivas past. We had an ex- 
cseding gi^eat company, to whom I preached on^ Isai. Ixii. 12. The 
two fiillowiog daysj Saturday add Sunday, I attended Dover quar- 
terly meeting ; where l suppose we had nearly two thousand peo- 
|de. It was a living, open season : there was great sweetness and 
love among the brethren. 

Monday 25. About thirty- five minutes before I began meeting, 
I received the last loving request of our dear bi^other William 
^sop, which was to preach his funeral sermon : I had my difficul- 
ties in speaking, and the people in hearing of a man so well known 
Snd so much beloved : he was always solemn ; and few such holy, 
steady men have been found amongst us. I stopped at Middletowu, 
Wilmington, and Chester, in my way to Philadelphia. 

^ Penk8yj:.va!»ia.— Thursday 28. I preached on Psalml xxiii. 24. 
I have thought that we should preach as if we expected no help 
from the people ; yea, as if we believed that enemies of God and 
us were in the congregation, i began meetmg classes in the city. 
1 had some pleasure in receiving news of a revival of religion in 
the south ; likewise from the eastern states. But there are great 
failures among the preachers on account of health, &c. preventing 
their travelling and standing to the work. Brother Blanton has 

. Vol. H. 33 



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iSB KRr. FRAircis asbuet^s jovIutil. [i79CL 

gi?en me ao account of the late fire in CharteatoB, and aajv fhat 
about fire handred houses are destroyed. 

Saturday 30. I began reading Mr. Fletcher's Portrait of St Paid : 
(he notes are significant, and show what a minister of the Gospel 
ought to be, and what he may be through grace. 

Sunday 31. I had some life and more Hberty at Ebeneser in the 
morning at fire o'clock : I must needs attend the second Afncaa 
church ; and at half past seven o'clock, in the great unwieldy hoii8« 
and congregation in Fourth-street, I preached on John i. 17. 

Monday, August 1. I drew the outlines of a subscription, thaA 
may form part of a constitution of a general fund, for the sole pur- 
pose of supporting the travelling ministry ; to have respect. 

First, To the single men that suffer and are in want. 

Secondly, To the married travelling preachers. 

Thirdly, To the worn-out preachers. ^ 

Fourthly, The widows and orphans of those who have lived and 
died in the work. — And 

Fifthly, To enable the yearly conference to employ more mar- 
ried men ; and finally, to supply the wants of all the travettiiis 
preachers, under certain regulations, and restrictions, as the state 
of the fund will admit. 

Thursday 4. I was called upon by the African society in CmaHf 
pington to open their new house, which I did on R<Nn. i. lS^*-tB, 
and had an unwieldy congregation of white and black Brother IX 
gave a lively exhortation on the new birth. 

Friday 5. Having concluded on the presentation of the subscrif>!- 
tion, I hasted with it from house to house. After dinner we came 
to Germantown, where 1 preached in the academy at six o'clock 
to a large congregation of women. I lodged once more at thte 
house of mother Steele and her daughter Lusby ; having had an ac* 
quaintanee of twenty-two years. 

New-Jersey. — Sunday 7. It being rainy in the n^orning, my con- 
gregation was not very large at Trenton. I preached on Isaiah 
hii. 10. 1. The charge to the ministry to go through the gates as 
ministers and Christians. 2. Prepare the way—removing all the 
difficulties. 3. Cast op the highway — repentance, regeneration, 
and sanctification. 4. Gather out the stones — wicked ministers 
and people. 5. Set up the standard — i. e. form the Christian 
church ; give the standard of Christian doctrine and experience. 
In the afternoon I preached on Hebr. x. 38. It is a dry time, and 
we cannot get along : I was sorry I did not preach in the street. 



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27DII&] iiEy. :f»4Kcis asbvrt's journal. Si»9 

^ Moodaj d« We directed ^Hir course through the Jerseys towards 
N«w-Yo]4( ; passing through Penay-Town, aud along an agreeable^ 
iveU-imprered part of the country. 

Tuesday 9. We made our way tifrenty-five miles to brother 
M^Collough's, near Schooley's Mountain — properly a remnant of 
tbe Blue Ridge. After a good meeting at brother M^C.'s» we went 
to lay the foundation of a new meeting-house : we sung part of 
Dr. Watts^s hymn on the corner-stone^ and prayed : I then bad |o 
lend a hand to lay the mighty corner-stone of the house : we then 
Aung and prayed, and retired to brother Budd's, an Israelite indeed ; 
my never-failing friend in time, and I hope, will be to all eternity. 

Wednesday 10. I thought it good not to be idle^ so I went to 
Hackets-Town, and prea^h^d oa ** The promise is to you, and to 
your children," &c. we had few people, but a feeling, serious time. 
Thence we rode to Dover, where we had many people at a short 
warning: I admired the solemnity of the women; the men ap- 
peared to be outdone with the heat and labours of the day. 

Friday 12. We rode twenty miles to brother Dickinson's : he is 
MJT an official character among us, and can remember, when he 
WHS a chUd, how godly men came to the house of his father, 
preaching, praying, and talking about religion, as was the case at 
Biy Other's house when I was a child. 

Saturday 13. I rode to £lizabethtown, where I preached : the 
Aext day! met the elasses. Having heard many things of Mn. 
Austin, many of which were very wild, I went ai|d beard for my- 
self: he explained the 22d chapter of the Revelatidn of Jesus 
Christ to St John, and applied it to the Millennium and reign of 
Christ upon earth : his foretelling tbe time and place of the coming 
and kingdom of Christ; General Washington being Zerubba- 
bel, and himself Joshua the high priest, and the ploughing up 
ef a certain field — all this appeared to me like wildness of the 
brain. 

Monday 15. We rode to New- York : whilst crossing the ferry 
eome foolish, wicked people uttered so many damns that I was a 
little afraid the Lord would sink the boat : I asked a man if he 
bad any chalk to lend me that I might mark down the curses tbe 
company gave us on our passagi^ of thirty or forty minutes. I 
was taken up in meeting classes and visiting from house to house 
a good deal of my time in the day, and 1 frequently preached at 
xiight. I read Watson's Apology for the Bible. 

Sunday SI. I went over to Brooklyn, where we have a small 
society : I had very few hearers^ except those who came from the 



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£60 b:EV« FaANClS ASBtRV^S JOimiU£. [17^ 

city. I admioistered the sacrament, and we bad some life. We 
then returaed to the city, where I preached in the afteniooir to 
abont one thousand six-hnndred people, some of whom wene 
wicked and wild enough. The preachers had pity upon me, and 
desired n>e to preach only twice this Sabbath. In my own sotil.I 
feel happy, but on account of the church of God, and poorsion^nC 
awful. It appears as necessary to preach conviction and converr 
sioo among our own, as among other congr^;ations. Oh ! when 
will the Lord appear as in ancient times ! ' ^ 

Monday 2S. I met three living classes ; several among whom 
professed perfect love. The weather is excessively warm and 
dry : people are sickly, and dying, especially children ; 1 find soy 
body very weak : preaching at night, a4ded to the moschetoea, 
causes me to sleep very little. 

Wednesday 24. We have still very great heat : it appears to^ne 
to be unkealihy, judgment weather : I feel almost spent. I genend^ 
walk three or four miles a day, pray ten or twelve times, in the 
congregation, families, and classes ; my sleep is-interrupted with 
pain and heat. 

Thursday 25. I was iboch fatigued in meeting classes aad visits 
iog from house to house ; but the Lord waspresent to bless, which 
gave me consolation. In the evening we had a fall house ; I. was 
uncommonly assisted in preaching; and there was much weep^ 
ing in the congregation. It is impossible to pTeach to these peo* 
pie till you are well acquainted with them ; but here I havenocon« 
tinoiog city : next week I go hence. 

Sunday 28. I preached in the morning at the old church ; in thife 
afternoon at the new church, on Hebr. ii. 3. and in the evening at 
the old church again on Rev. iii. 2, 3^ besides meeting six classes 
in the course of the day ; in general I have had no extraordinary 

assistance in preaching of late. Brother L preached twicein 

the north end of Broadway ; the congregation appeared serious 
and attentive. Notwithstanding the labours of the day were con* 
siderable, I was not much wearied. In meeting the society, I ob« 
served to them, that they knew but little of my life and labours, 
unless in the pulpit, family, or class meetings, that they were tmao- 
quainted with my labours even in that city, much less caaM they 
tell where I had been, and what 1 had been doing for one year* 

Tuesday 30. I delivered my concluding discourse on IsaUhlvii. 
18.; 1. The penitent backslider; 2. The Lord hath seen his ways; 
3. Healing him ; 4. Leading him ; 5. Restoring comforts to htm : 
we had some serious, feeling souls at our meeting. 



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J79B.] HEY. rBAKas asbvry's jovrkal. S6i 

Wednesday SI. I had a meetisg with the leadetft in close confe- 
'rence, and found it necessary to explain some parts of our discipline 
to ihem, particnlarly that of the right of preachers expelling raetn* 
bers, when tried before the society or a *^ select number," and 
found gnihy of a breach of the law of God, and our rales ; and 
Ibat if an appeal were made, it should be brought before the quar- 
terly meeting conference, composed of travelling and local preach* 
ers, leaders, and stewards, and finally be determined by a majority 
of votes. I found it also needfbl to observe there was such a thing 
as heresy in the church ; and I know not what it is if it be not to 
deny the Lord that bought them ; and the eternity of the punish* 
ment of the <Iamned, as is virtaally done by the AJniversalists. 
Schism is not dividing hypocrites from hypocrites, formal professors 
from people of their own cast : it is not dividing nominal Episco- 
palians from each other ; nominal Methodists from nominal Metho- 
dists ; or nominal Quakers from nominal Qinakers, &c. But schism 
t& the dividing real Christians from each other, and breaking the 
unity of the Spirit. I met the trustees ; and after going hither 
send thither, and being much spent with labour throo|h the day ; I 
gave them a discourse at the new house, (in the evening) on Acts 
sx. 32. My attempt was feeble but faithful. 

Friday, September 2. I left the city, stopped at father Oakley's, 
twenty miles from New-York, where a few people came t(^ther» 
to whom I preached on Acts iv« 12. and at night I was enabled to 
take a little rest. 

Saturday 3. Notwithstanding the rain I rode twelve miles to the 
White-Plains quarterly meeting, where I enlarged on Ephes. vi. 
•13 — 18.; — being Paul's exhortation to the u^e of the whole af- 
teour of God. I was in ^reat heaviness through temptation and 
infirmity of body. I lodged with Elijah Crawford : this house is 
'for God. 

Sunday 4. I was very low, but attended the love-feast ; I stood 
in one of the windows, and preached very loud to a large congrega- 
tion on Hebr. . xii. 25. There were some feeling, gracious souls 
.present. 1 was-desired to preach in Bedford, but declined it for 
several reasons. 1 cannot stand such constant exertions. 1 have 
felt very severe pain in one of my shoulders, inuch like that 1 expe- 
rienced after Cecil quarterly meeting. I loaged with brother Da- 
vis, where we had the company of one who may be a disciple of 
mine : 1 hope to see him yet in the kingdom of grace and glory : 
if he should live to read these lines he will know who I mean. 



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£62 n&v. FRAKcis asbury's joqrnaLv [179G» 

Monday 5. I rode fifteen miles to the widow Banks's to tarry for 
a n^ht My seal is in peace, and Christ is mine ; bat trouble will 
come : 1 am not yet aH immortal and at rest ; my rbeomatic af-^ 
fections are Tery severe ; I Was imprudent in making, and mf 
indisposition prevented my attending my appointments. 

Connecticut. — ^We came off in the morning for Reading ; fed at 
Ridgefield, and reached my journey's end about one o'clock, about 
twenty-three miles. On my way I dined with lawyer Smith, and 
preached at Sanford's on 1 Peter i. 13— -15. : in doing which, i 
pointed out, 1. The most leading features that formed the charadter 
of the people addressed — elect — begotten again — scattered abroad 
by persecution and by the ministry of the word— suffering miniateni 
and saints of God ; 2. The subject on which they were addressed^— 
to gird up the loins of their mindj and hope for great grace when 
Christ shall appear to overthrow Jewish superstition and heathen 
idolatry — obedient children — to fear, trust in, and love the Lord; 
and to ke^p all his commandments : to be holy, according to the 
nature and will of God, and his great and gfacious proHUses. 

Wednesday 7. We had very bad roads over hUls and migblf 
rocks, to Oxford, twenty-eight miles ; and after dinner^ eight miles 
more to Derby ; where I preached in brother H'-— *-'s baose to 
about sixty people, on <' If the righteous scarcely be saved," &c. 
I felt my pain, but could thank the Lord ibr all things. 

Thursday 8. Was a day of pain to my body, but peace to my 
soul. I have been of late attending quarterly meetings, and have 
felt great heats and colds, and changes of weather. We came to 
New- Haven, where I preached in brother Thacher's house, near > 
the foundatibn of the college ; we were crowded, and I was elabo* 
rate on Romans i. 16 — 18. 

Friday 9.^ We rode solitarily on the sand to Middletown. We 
dined with Captain Hall, who received us kindly, and entertained 
us comfortably. 

Saturday 10, and Sunday 11. We had many brethren and sisters 
from distant towns, at the quarterly meeting : here I preached on 
1 Peter iv. 12 — 15. and on Isaiah Ixii. 12. ; and was much at 
liberty, and a little comforted at the love-feast and sacrament 
Walking backward and forward tended to fatigue my body as weV 
as speaking. As I thought, so it is, the preachers have been very 
acceptable to the people this year. 

Monday 12. I came to Old-Haddam. Here they have built a new 
meeting*house^ and there are some gtacious souls here. I sen- 



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ITMl] K&v^. rftANCis asbcry's jouakal* 2G3 

•ibij felt the effects of heat and the labours of the day« We made 
it fifteen miles to fath^ Wilcox's. I conclude, that since I have 
left New- York I have: rode about one hundred and fortjr milefl* 
and a great part of the way is rough and rocky ; my body is full 
of infirmities, and my soul of the love of God. I think that God 
B returning to this place ; and that great days will yet come on in 
New-England. 

Wednesday 14. Was an eieeedingly warm day. The Episcopal 
house here is grand indeed. We passed Hadlime, thence to Mill* 
ingt<m, where we had many to hear at kind brother P— *-«-'8. 

Thursday 15. 1 bad twenty miles to New-London. My bre- 
thren have given me work enough. 1 feel like a man of a feeble 
body, but my soul enjoys a sweet calm, and pure lovb ; 1 cannot 
aeek or desire any thing but God. I refused to go into the court- 
house to preach, but we bad a gracious season at a dwelling-house. 

Friday 16* We came to Pogustonick, a little town of attentive 
peeple ; I preached on " The Son of Man is come to seek and to 
save that which was lost :" an aged man 4;ried out, and rising up at 
the close of the meeting, delivered his testimony : what he is i 
cannot infallibly say ; he spoke in too high terms of me to my face* 

Saturday 17. I came with a heavy burden to Norwich landing; 
I held forth in the academy made out of a Separate meeting- 
house : there were few present beside the brethren from other 
towns; I enlaiged on ** If ye* be reproached fi>r the cause of 
Christ, happy are ye, for the spirit of glory and of God resteth 
upon you ; on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he 
is glorified." The persons under sufferings — those who were 
the friends to, and followers of Jesus — partakers of the spirit of 
God, as a spirit of glory teaching them t6 believe, to love,- and 
suffer, and give glory to God and Christ. 

Sunday 18. We held our feast of charity at eight o'clock : it 
was a sweet, refreshing season ; several talked veiy feelingly^ 
among whom were some aged people ; many praised God for the 
instrumentality of the Methodists in their salvation. My spirit 
felt awful this morning ; and my body unwell ; however, at the 
time appointed I began preaching on Romans viit. 6 — 8. A Uni- 
vessadist had his book and pen, or pencil, I suppose, ready to take 
down my discourse ; I said *' Stop, let that gentleman write ;" but 
it appeared as though his fingers or heart failed him : brother 

P g had preached a sermon in that house, which bad been 

printed and traduced. Serious impressions appeared to be made 
on the minds of some of the eudience. After spending about four 



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264 aEV«' FlUMCIS ASttUHY 'S JOVRUAL* [ 1 796i 

boars in the eoDgregation, (inclodiog sacrameDt and loye*fe«8t) I 
passed the afleraoon id retirement at my lodgings, being tinwelK 
Xiiis day I was led out greatly fqr New-England ; I believe God 
will work among tbis people ; perhaps they have not had sueh a 
time here for many years : the power of God was present ; some, 
felt as at heaven's gate-<-two or three aged women spoke as on the 
borders of eternity, and within sight of glory. Cold as the eve-: 
ning was, I was under the disagreeable necessity of riding ten 
"Sjiiles ; I crossed the Illymantink at Loyid's bridge, and came in 
late to^ brother Faller's. I was pleased to hear an aged mother^ 
(formerly a Separatist) tell thie dealings of God with her before 
her daughter (now brother Fuller's wife) was born. 

Monday 19. We rode through Windham, Scotland, and Abingdon^ 

After dining td Captain P 's, we rode on to Thompson ; a few of 

the preachers were present, and we were able to form a confe* 
rence. We talked together, and rejoiced in the Lord. That 
evening and the; neit morning, Tuesday 20 and Wednesday. 21, wC 
were closely employed ; we had about thirty preachers, some of 
whom were from the Province of Maioe, three hundred miles ^dsur 
tant, who gave us a pleasing relation of the work of God in those 
parts. I delivered a discourse on Acts xxvi. 18, 19. and we or- 
dained seven deacons and five elders. About four o'clock I took 

my leave of town, and stopped at Eastford, and saw father , a 

solemn saint — lamenting the decline of religion among the Baptists. 

Thursday 22. We rode thirty-five miles to East- Hartford, 
where I gave a discourse to a few on Zeph. iii. 12, 13. Fridaj 
23, we rode to Waterbury, where I preached in the Separate 
meeting'.house at four o'clock. Had we not have fallen in with 
Mr. B. we might have missed our way and not have reached the 
place till sunset. 

- Saturday 24. We passed along an exceedingly uneven and rocky 
road through Salem and Oxford ; the appointment was not made 
in the latter place, so we dined on what came to hand. Came on 
to New-Stratford, and thence to the widow B 's in North Strat- 
ford. 1 have been under great heaviness, and was unwell in body. 
We have rode upwards of one hundred miles in the last three 
days ; but still I must go on ; there is no rest. I attended at 
Chesnut-Hill, and preached on 1 Thess. i. 5. : a flatness among 
these people was very visible. This was the first house that was 
built for the Methodists in Connecticut, and it is not finished yet. 

Monday 26. We rode along to Fairfield, Norwalk, and arrived 
at Stamford, about twenty-eight or thirty miles. On our way we 



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ItiSU*.] fteV, FltAIIiird JLtBtAY's J^WRHAt. ^5 

dtopp^il fb feed our hotisea, asd fofiind a vr<Miia& ^C wad sick, wtHi 
vrhom I talked and prsiy^d. I felt as if I ehoald not-preach agaiaf 
in Uaste, If at all, ih Staftiford. We crossed the dtate line labd eatnef 
to New^RoelieHe, in the fttate of New-York, twe&ty-tliree mitei— 
be^Vy afid hat^ry. We stopped at Ciark'cr, Where I preached m 
laai. Ixii. t. and we were crowded with people. 1 esjoy peacd 
df mind, bot aiA deeply tempts ; yet few mintttes piits in whidb 
iQsy sool is not eiigaged In prayer. 

* NEvr-YoRK.—ThurBday 2B. I preached on Luke lit: "Who 
ifaeb is a faithfid slnd Wise' ser? ant," he. I began to confer with fke^ 
brethren as they came hr', and do the business by scraps, as we 
could come at it. We were in donbt whether some of the preachers^ 
^ould come at all, on account of ^ rumours of the yellow 
fever, which stHl appeared in parts of the city. On Friday we 
entered folly into our work ; and on Saturday We coocluded our 
,^ort conference, the preachers being desirous to depart. We bad 
"tdi solemn, pe^eable sitting; and so also were our congregations. 
t preached at otir boose in John-street on Mrfrk it. 1. *♦ There' 
be some standing here Which shall not taste of death nntil they 
irare seen the kingdom of Godt^ome v^th power/' biH 1 had little 
opening. » 

' Sunday October ^. T preatbed at ftte bouse tti John-sf f eet otf 
Epbes. IT. 11—13. and had great enlargement: the feelings of the 
people were touched, and my own also, as ifithad been the last time, 
as it probably may be with some of my hearers, if not myself : I 
could not have been much more moved ; it was with difficulty I could 
continue speaking. In the afternoon, at the hew house, there was 
also a move in the congregation whilst 1 enlarged on 1 Cor. iv. 10, 
1 1. I ordained in both houses, in All eight deacons and sev^n 
elders, and was on my feet six h6urs in the course erf this day. 

Monday ^\ In the morhiag the weather had a stormy appeai^- 
ance, so that no passage was to be had at Powles Hook. We Werev 
as yet, safe on shore, but brotheni R— — . and E-^^ — • wcOt to 
Whitehall, where they foumd a boat that would sail, sink or stinrn, 
for Van Deezer^s Landing, trpon Staten-lsland: 1 (fid not like the 
appeai^ance of things, but submitted to go, with a high tide and the 
Wind at N. £. We passed the bay, ten miles over, in the space of 
an hour: when we were within one mile of the dock the wind 
ilufled to N. W. and bleW powetfolly : the people on shore were 
alarmed, and had the skiff ready to take us up, expecting we 
should fiif and sink, or be beaten off and strike the rocks : afler 

Vol. If. 34 



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^6 IIBV« FAAMCIS ASBOHt's JOIIESA&* {1796;,. 

iWBOA time w€ secured the boat, haded the men, bat leftihe tamdiAg. 
of the horses for better weather. We dined, and rode up to the 
Blasing-Star, greatly against ray inclination. At the ferry, the 
aen were nnwilling to move, and kept us on the bleak marsh somer- 
time : when they came, they told as in anger, it was at our owa 
risk of mea and horses if we Tentored. We suddenly tamed and 
went to a friend's hoase, fed, and dried a little, and- then rode, 
twelve miles more, and stopped within a mile of Amboy ferry. 

New-Jerset. — ^Toesday 4. We came to the ferry ; and after 
being detained about an hour, we made out to get a passage. Here^ 
If e met with the preachers who had been retarded in their joumej^ 
4>y the late storm. 1 pushed along, weary and unwell, to brother 
Hutchinson's ; and next day, faint, though cheerful, we reached 
Burlington. 

Thursday 6. We reacjied Philadelphia about noon ;. my mind is 
io peace, but my body and spirits fail. Here 1 ndet my old friend 
Andrews, from Hartford, in England, after twenty-six years!. 
absence. Friday I rested a little, and arranged the minutes fop the 
present year. 

PfiNif SYLTAVIA.^-Saturday 8. Was spent in preparing for t^iei 
ensuing conference. 

Sunday 9. At Zoar chapel, the church of the second Africaa 
society, in Camping-Town, 1 enlarged on '* Ye wese as sheep goii^ 
astray, but are now returned to the shepherd and bishop of yoac 
souls." In the afternoon, at Ebenezer, my subject was Psalm 
Ixzxi. 11 — 16. In the evening in Saint George's my discoune was 
like ^ storm from Mark xvi. 19, 20. 1 observed that Jesus sent 
out his disciples ; when he went to rest* they went to labour. The 
signs of their mission were miracles, and the signs that followed 
their ministry, convictions and conversions ;•— the hinderanqes they 
bad to expect, and the qualifications granted them every where ; 
and his not leaving them without %vitnesses. 

Monday 10. We opened a conference of between, forty and fifty 
preachers ; we had great love and great riches also : never before 
have w^ been able to pay the preachers their salaries ; at this con* 
ference we have done it, and had two hundred dollars left for debts 
and difficulties the preachers had been involved in. I was pleased 
to hear such wholesome talk by our plain countrymen. I sat with 
great pleasure and heard 6, R-— ^- on *^ We beseech you that ye 

receive not the grace of God in vain;" as abo I. W oa 

'< Feeding the flock of God ;" and J. P on ^< The fountaioi 

opened for sin and for uncleanness." 



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1796.] liBX. FRAIfCIS A$StrlLY'S JOtmiTAt. S@7 

Friday 14, we set apart as' a day of fasting and hamiliatioiD, and 
fer ordination. I was pleased to dismiss the conference from their 
confinement in business, and gave a discourse on ^< Humble your- 
selves under the mighty hand of God.*' I now felt willing to rest 
both mind and body. We heard by the newspapers of the arrival 
ef Doctor Coke in the United States. 

Saturday 15. We dined at Chester with my dear old friend M. 
Withy, and came in the evening to Wilmington. 

Delaware. — Sabbath day 16. The mohiing was rainy, but we 
had a lew serious people to whom I preached on Rev. ii. 1 — 7. 
My soul enjoys sweet peace. Being in haste to get to Baltimore, 
we rode on the Sabbath afternoon to my old friend S. Heansey's ; 
of this I am not fond, and where necessity does not compel me, 
rarely do it. 1 turned out of the way on Monday to preach at 
Bethel, in the place of Doctor Coke ; my subject was, '* Let us 
labour to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same ez> 
ample of unbelief." It was a happy season. In the course of the 
^ay I rode thirty-five miles and lodged at North-East. 

Tuesday 18. We rode to Perry-Hall, and were entertained with 
the greatest Ictndntss. 

MARTLANi>.*-Wedne8day 19. We came to Baltimore, where 
about a hundred preachers were met for general conference. 
They agreed to a committee, and then complained ; upon which 
vre dissolved ourselves. I preached on ** The men of Issacfaar 
that knew what Israel ought to do ;'^ and again, on *' Neither as 
being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to ^e flock :" 
there were souls awakened and converted. No angry passion^ 
were felt amongst the preachers ; we had a great deal of good and 
judicious talk. The conference rose on Thursday, the Sd of No- 
vember : what we have done is printed. Bishop Coke was cor- 
dially received, as my friend and colleague, to be wholly for Ame- 
rica ; unless a way should be opened to France. At this conference 
there was a stroke aimed at the president eldership. I am thankful 
that our session is over. My soul and body have health, and have 
hard labour. Brother Whatcoat is going to the south of Virginia, 
brother M'Claskey is going to New- Jersey, brother Ware to Penn** 
sylvania, and brother Hutchinson to New- York and Connecticut : 
"very great and good changes have taken place. 

Friday, November 4. We reached the widow Dorsey's by riding 
an hour in the night. I took a cold ; and a boil on ny face mrices 
me uncomfortable. 



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26^ BEV. JTiBLAXCIS A^BjiKY'S ^OVJINAL. [ITd6» 

ViRGiNU.— Saturday 5. We rode twenty miles ; and on $id^b«th 
moroiog we came directly to Alexandria. Doctor Coke preadied 
on *' The wise mea that came to Jesaa :" broths Wbatcoat and 
myself exhorted. 

JMonday 7. We came to Cajitaio Ward's : be is gone to sea^ 
but his wife made us welcome. Tuesday 8» we rode.throi^ 
awful Fredericksburg to Todd's taverb : i^en and horses being 
weak and weary we conteotedly stopped. 

Wednesday 9. We came about thirty miles to EUis's tavem» 
and there, as well as at T-^ — ;**s, we were kindly and ;genteiel7 
entertained at a reasonal^e expense. The nexl day we stretched 
on to Richmpod : — and who couM be kinder and more pleased ta 
see us, and make poor sickly travellers welcome, than Mr. Parrot 
nod wife ? Here I persuaded Dr. Coke to rest a day. 

Saturday 12. Brother Whetcpat and myself came to brother 
Waltham's, near Chesterfield court-house. We preached to a fewr 
people, refitted a little better, and i^A oext day came tabro^hn 
Featherston's, where I gave (hem a short discourse. We>£ned aod 
came on to Petersburg, and spent the evening at J« Hardieg's. Jt 
was much pained with the boil on my face, and another on my 
eye. Here I heard Dr. C* preach, and I gave an exbortatios.! 

Monday 14. I must needs call and see my old friends, Woodt Tuck- 
er aiid wife, and talked a little, prayed, and parted* We then weift 
forward, calling on Richard Graves, an old disciple. Thenee iQ 
mother Maybury's, in Greeesvilie, where 1 hwfe often had a com* 
fortable night's lodging. 

Thursday 15. Our conference began at brother Bait's, a mps| 
convenient house, and very kipd people. We sat in great peaee, 
and good order. A few preachers declined travelling. We fleet* 
ed and ordained six elders and nine deaqoni^. The deficienoies of 
the preachers amounted to upwar4s of. £194 Virginie edsreiiey* 

Sabbath day 20. Dr. Coke gave a comment on the SOth chapter 
of the Revelation of Jesus Christ by St. John, and then a secmoa 
on Luke xiv. 26. ^* He that loveth father and mother more than 
me" 4c. I then gave a short ei^hortatipn, ai^d eoded the ^rvice 
of that pleasant day. 

Monday 21. I visited, perhaps for the last time« mother May- 
bury, who is aged and swiftly declilSiing. 1 sdso visited brothers 
B. and D. and then rode once more to Robert Jones's, in Sussex 
county. — Here I had a few moment's leisure to write and recollect 
inyself, after being so closely employed in conferences and company ^ 



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1796;] KEV, FftAKCrS ASBVRir*^ jOUftKAL^ 2d^ 

T^BBimy 22* • I preached at Jaj's cbapel to aboijt one bandrei ' 
peopl<iU with whwn I had a coiiafortable season on 2 Peter iii. 
17» lg« I noticed, 1. The appellation, beUrv^d. 2. That of the 
mcked^ which I distinguished into three classes — ^1. Those that 
make oo profession of religion, and are openlj wicked. 2. Those 
who have been awakened and may have eojojed religion, but have 
fallen from it 3« Those who profess the highest attainments in 
religion and yet live in known sin :-r<^ error of the wicked, infi- 
delity in theory, or practice, or both : which embraces the above* 
mentioned classes of the wicked— ^gro» in graee^^o grow hi 
the graces of the Spirit, the knowle^e of oor Lord and Saviour, 
new and for ever ; the glory doe to Christ in his kingdom of grace 
pnd glory. 

Wednesday S3. I rode to brother l>aTb'», about twenty-seven 
miles. On n^ way i visited brother Grains and mother. Bro- 
thers Pennington, Briggs, and Evans, are gone to rest My soul 
eigeys much peace, and b big with hope that we shall have a 
greater work in this district than we have ever yet had : I feel 
happy among the few ancient disciples who are left. I preached 
OB^ more at Labels chapel, and the Lord was with us : my snb- 
Ject was Jer. xxitii. 3S, 39. We have lost about twenty members 
of this society by O^Kelly ; we have about forty left. 

Friday 25, was a cold day, but we rode twenty-five miles to 
brother Joseph Wood's, in Isle of Wight county : some of our 
brethren riding on before, called a n%ht meeting, and we were 
comforted together. 

My mind of late hath been in great peace. I am glad I have 
0Ot conieitded with those violent men who were once with us. 
We ought to mind our work, and try to get souls to Christ ; and 
the Lord can give us children <^ That we shall have after we have 
lost our former," that shall say in our hearing, <^ Give place that 
there may be room for us to dwell." We had a very winterly 
morning, but we rode to brother Blunt's, where I preached to 
many pec^le on Zeph. iii. 12, 13. Notwithstanding my name has 
been so cast out as evil, and my character traduced, 1 ordained 
brother B— -^ and another brother, after taking from the former a 
written declaration of his opposition to slavery. My dear aged 
friends told me their troubles and sorrow, which the divisions in 
the societies had caused. 

Sabbath day. 28. Through hard necessity I rode sixteen miles to 
brother Cowlitz's ia Isle of Wight county, and had three rooms in 
jthe house filled, and there were some of the coloured people out 



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270 IIBV. WUNCI9 ASBURir'S JrOORKAt. 1[I79B. 

of doors, notwithstandiDg the coldness of the weather. My^uhiecf 
was Hebr. x. 37 — 39. I spoke with great rapidity fbr nearly twb 
floors, administered the sacrament, and ordained brother Powell to 
the office of a deacon. It was time for me to visit this quarter 
again, lest some shonld think I was afraid to come. Bat who bath 
been at the planting of the Gospel in the sixteen United States! 
fiad 1 none bat Virginia to visit I could show myself oftener. 

Monday 28. We crossed a small ferry, and came throngh Snf-^ 
folk to brother JoUiff's, twenty-two miles. I had solemn thoughts 
while I passed the house where Robert Williams lived and died, 
whose funeral rites I performed. The weather is remarkably 
cold for the season, the ice being more than an inch thick on the 
streams. 1 was amazed to hear that my dear, aged friend; Benja< 
xnin £vans (now gone to glory) was converted to the new side by 
being told by J. O^Kelly that 1 had offended Mr. Wesley, and that 
he being about calling me to account, I cast him off altogether. 
But, quere^ did not J. O'K. set aside the appointment of Richard 
Whatcoat? and did not the conference in Baltimore strike that 
minute out of our discipline which was called a reeding of Mr. 
Wesley ? and now does J. O'K. lay all the blame on me ? It is 
true, I never approved of that binding minute. I did not think it 
practical expediency to obey Mr. Wesley, at three thousand miles 
distance, in all matters relative to church government; neither 
did brother Whatcoat, nor several others. At the first general 
conference I was mute and modest when it passed, and I was 
mute when it was expunged. For this Mr. Wesley blamed me, 
and was displeased that I did not rather reject the whole con- 
nexion, or leave them» tf they did not comply. But I could not 
give up the connexion so easily, after labouring and seffering so 
many years with and for them. After preaching at Jolliff's we 
rode to Portsmouth, and preached in the evening, where we bad 
many people at a short warning My subjects this day were 1 John 
i. 3, 4. and Isai. i. 9. We visited Norfolk, and preached at noon, 
Wednesday 30, on 1 Peter it. 11, 12. — at night on 1 Cor. xv. 58. 

Thursday, December 1. I returned to Portsmouth, and preached 
on 1 Pet. v. 10. Thence, through damp weather, we rode bad: 
to JoUiff's, where we had preaching, exhortation, and sacrament, 
and the Lord was with ns. 

North Carolina. — Friday 2. We had a long, cold, hungry ride 
to Gates county, in North Carolina. 

Saturday 3. We had a blessed season in Colonel Baker's new 
house on 1 John iii. 1 , 2, 3. I have felt unwell by these changes : 



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lTd6r] BKV. VEAVCIS i3BUltv'S JdORKMi* 2tl 

sometiiDeg preaching makes me siek, apd at other times makes Die 
well. Yesterday we rode nearly forty miles ; to-day we laboured,, 
and onr horses rested. 1 feel solemnly gi?en up to God , in toil 
and suffering. 

Sabbath day 4. We rode fourteen miles to Winton, where I 
preached to an attentive congregation, from town and country,, on^ 
St. John's Gospel i. 4. I rememberetl my old friend Boon.; I was 
invited to and most kindly entertained at the bouse of one of his 
daughters. So it is, when the dear, aged parents go off^, they leave 
me their children. Thence to Northampton county, tirenty-eight 
or thirty miles, and came ia about six o'clock. We had to- day, as 
on Friday last, to breakfast about six or seven in the morning, and 
to dine about the same hour in the evening. My soul hath been ia 
great peace. I rode to see Richard Whitaker and his wife» after 
several years' absence : 1 felt truly solemn when 1 found myself 
at the old house where the father and mother died. I remember 
well what passed when I was here last — the distress of the doctor 
and his kindness to me ia the year 1785. 

Tuesday 6. We had a rainy morning. Crossed Roanoke at 
Edwards's ferry, and came to Champion's : I resolved to preach, 
although only a part of two families were present. We dined, and 
hasted to mother Whitaker's, about twenty four or twenty-five 
miles. 

Wednesday 7. We had a very sharp morning. I preached at 
brother Bradford's on 1 John iv. 16—18. Yesterday on '< The 
promise is to you and to your children," &c. I parted with my 
dear brother Whatcoat, after travelling together about seven hun- 
dred miles. It was painful to part, yet 1 was well pleased he had 
not to drive the rough way, and that through the rain. In this I 
loved my brother better than myself. We had a comfortable 
season at sermon and sacrament this day. I ielt myself at home 
k brother Bradford's femily. 

Thursday 8. 1 came again to the widow Philips's, on Swift-Creek; 
the house was filled — my subject was awful, Amos viii.. 11. *^ Be* 
bold, the days come, saith the Lerd God, that I will send a famine 
in the land ; not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of 
bearing the words of the Lord." I observed — 

I. The great and interesting things contained in the word of the 
Lord. 

II. The benefits and blessings commnnicated by the faithful 
preaching and hearing, believing and obeying the word of the 
Lord« 



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'Tii Rsv. vEAfTciis assurt's journal. £1*^96. 

III. The causes and efieets of this fenune ; deaths, reflionie^ 
hackslidiiigs of nunisters and people, and bad reference to flieieiit 
Hoies^— 'Dreadful effects — the vTant of means to civilize, mondiBe, 
and spiritoalize mankind. 

I felt diftrently to-day from what I did yesterday ; it was Hte 
beating opon a rock ; bat tfie Lord can gire a blessing. We tfe 
greatly blessed with healthy weather. 

Friday 9. We came to Tarfoorougb. They had made a 6tB in 
th6 small apartment of the coart-honse, and I thought it waa Ite* 
preaching, hot it was for dancing, and the Tiolin lay on the taU(?. 
Mr. Clement was kind enoagh to stop the scene, and we had a 
serioQS congregation to hear, to whom I preached on Hebt. viit; 
d — 11. There were two or three houses open to me in town, hid 
I lodged three miles out at brother Toole's. We rode on Saturday 
lOth twenty-eight miles, without food or rest for man or horse, ii&- 
til we came to brother Forbes's, Pitt cocroty, where 1 spent the Sab- 
bath, and preached on Rom. ix. 27. I had many hearers, hot it 
was cold times, both literally and spiritually ; my Soul was solelnnr' 
—my body unwell. **** 

Monday 12. 1 rode to father Barrows's : I was lAoch led out oil 
Hebr. iii. 12—14. lu those words, 1. Christians are cautioned 
against a most dreadful end. 2. The means to prevent it ; and, S, 
The example of backsliders. The end interesting and great— Id 
hold fast the beginning of their confidence. The means-— by ex- 
horting 6ne another daily. We fode twenty miles to father Or- 
monds ; the people came before the rain, but had to retuite honid 
through it ; my subject was, <* The little flock ^" and I had eon-' 
siderable opening. I feel nothing painful, but the want of a revival 
of religion ; my soul feels as if the Lord will yet do wonders among 
this people. 

Wednesday 14. We rose early, and rode in hdste to Cox*s ferry, 
on Neuse-River : the weather was damp and chilly. We had very 
few to hear at the meeting-house : it was a day of great trial, and I 
was beset on every side. 

Thursday 16. We made a foraed march df twenty-five miles to 
Ifewbern ; we had no refreshment for man nor horse. Having an 
inflammation in one of my ears, and having fasted so long, I war 
very unwell ; but a sermon was expected, and delivered on these 
words, " Becadse thou knewest not the day of thy visitation ;'* my 
hearers were numerous and serious. I had never viewed the sittia- 
tion of this town before : it is the image of Charleston (S. C.) N^tise 
and Trent have a likeness to Cooper and Ashley rivers. This is » 



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1T9&4 REIT. PRANCtfl ASBimT's JOURNAL. ^S 

^wiDg place. Our aoci^tj here, of white and coloured ineinlien» 
consists of one handred. I every day see and feel 4lie emptioess 
of all created good) and am taking my leave of all : whatns worth 
Hviog for bot the work of God ? I wrote to our brethren in the 
eity stations, not to neglect the sick an hoar, nor an absentee from 
class one week ; indeed we odgbt to be always abonnci^ing in the 
work of the Lord ; to attend to old and new snbjects, to oar work, 
and to every means, like men labouring to find out new means for 
new difficulties. Should piety, health, and trade attend this New- 
been, it will be a very capital place in half a century from this. 

Friday 1^. 1 had great openings on Rom. i. 15 — 17. I know 
not wihen 1 have visited a place with such pleasing hopes and feel- 
ings : I trust there hath been something more than man in this. 
Oh ! how greatly was my heart knit to these people ! 

Saturday 17. I preached at ten o'clock the second part of the 
same theme, Phil. i. 27. I was exceedingly close on the duties^ 
spirit, and practice of the Gospel. We had to ride fifteen miles to 
Lee's, upon Trent. I felt solemn and sorrowful at leaving my dear 
people at Newborn ; they wished to give me money, but love is 
better than gold. • 

Sunday 18. We had much rain : but few came to meeting. Find* 
log we had twenty miles to Bryans's, we wished to move to Le<* 
muel Hatches's, who was very kind. 

Monday 19. We had to ride early: my horse trots stiff; and 
no wonder, when I have rode him, upon an average, five thousand 
miles a year for five years successively. I preached on Hebr. tii. 
7, 8. I felt as if the Lord and his messengers had lefl this ptace. 
My spirit was grieved at the conduct of some Methodists, that 
hire out slaves at public places to the highest bidder, to cut, skin, 
and starve them ; I think such members ought to be dealt with : 
on the side of oppressors there is law and power, but where is jus- 
tice and mercy to the poor slaves ? what eye will pity, what band 
will help, or ear listen to their distresses ? I will try if words can 
be lik««drawn swords, to pierce the hearts of the owners. 

I have heard by a person from Baltimore, that by means of the 
weekly society meeting, our people are all on fiame : thank God that 
it came into my heart to recommend it to them ! this also shall com- 
fort OS in our toil. I have rode upwards of thirty miles this day. 

Tuesday 20. At the rich lands, but amongst spiritually poor 
people. I had about thirty hearers, and here are a few precious 
souls. Father Ballard and family still stand by us. 1 had some 
freedom on Hebr. iii. 14. 1. Wherein believers are partakers of 

Vol. II. 35 



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t?4 BET. F&mcn asbobt's jonuiMf. .[^''9^* 

Christy past, present^ aod to come— in wisdoiii, n^Vtmitn^faAi 
lanctificatioD, and redemptidb. 2. The heginniog of their coofir 
dence sledfiist to the end ; without which, thej cannot he aaved, or 
aafe« I described the nature, effects, and fruits of this confid^ice 
in God, in Christ, in the Holy Spirit ; in thf^ Scriptnie promises, 
precepts, threatening^, in, and of hearen, earth, and hell. 

Wednesday 21. We had a cold ride of about twenty miles ts 
Stone's Bay ; where there are a few people, (who ha^e^ been 
forsaken by the preachers) to whom I preached on Hebr. x. 
38, 39. 

Thursday 22. I came to Nixons's, on the road to Wilmington ; 
bere I found a kind people, but the preachers had left them he- 
cause they did not immediately join, in fellowship. Perhaps 1 was 
called this way to feel for souls in and round about Wilmington : if 
we had men and money, it would be well to station a preacher in 
such places as Wilmington. 

Friday 23. We bad an excessively oM ride tbroogb heavy sands 
to Wilmington ; when we came to the town wharf there was nei- 
ther flat nor ferry ; the causeway was under improvement ;:<Uie 
only expedient therefore that remained was to cross at Negro- 
Head. We came up the sand hills to Wright's ferry. It was truly 
coM and very bleak on the water, while in a trifling flat ; and I 
feared one or both the horses would be thrown out of it. We were 
driving through the woods till seven o'clock, and the weather ex- 
ceedingly cold ; at last we came to Rolks's, on Town-Creek« We 
could not spare ourselves the next day, but came off blowing and 
biding our fingers. We passed Lockets-Folly and Shallot-River, 
and came up to father Cause's, where we met with friendship, fel- 
lowship, and love, and held meeting on Christmas day, it beii^ the 
Sabbath. 

South Carolina. — Monday 26. We came to Little-River, iand 
thcuice to Kingston, where we lodged with our Mr. Rc^rs, after 
riding about forty-five miles. Tuesday 27. I gave a sermon in the 
chapel, and on Wednesday 28, rode thirty-seven or forty mites to 
Georgetown. Here we have nearly one hundred Africans in soci- 
ety, while we have only seven or eight whites, our doctrine being 
too close, and our discipline too strict. After riding the above dis- 
tance in the cold, without any regular meal, I was hardly fit for 
the pulpit at night ; however I gave them a talk on <^€rlory to .God 
ip the highest, and on the earth peace, good will towards men^" i 
observed on this, as I had on some former occasions^ — that the re- 
demption and salvation af mankind by J^sus Christ was thsibiigbt* 



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1W7;] ftEt. fRANCIS asbuey's jovrral. -276 

«0t display of the justice, merey, truth, love, and holiness of God ; 

' yet in such a manner as that justice should not destroy, but give 
^oiy to mercy ; and that mercy should not destroy, but glorify jus- 
tice and mercy in Christ to sinners ; justice in the sufferings of 
C^brist, and in the punishment of incorrigible sinners. The truth 
of God shineth also : it only belongs to a God to preserve and dis- 
play all his attributes and perfections : in this plan we may say 
tfiercy and truth are met together^ righteousness (or justice) and 
peace have kissed each other ; and all the truths of God held sa- 
cred, with reverence let it be said, God would no longer be God, 
te act unlike himself, or to be unjust, unmerciful, or unholy, ot 
untrue ; or to swallow up or violate one attribute by exerting 
another. What should we think of a governor or judge that would 
pardon all criminals indescriminately and unconditionally ? — where 
would be the exercise of justice ? , 

Thursday £9. Hearing of a sacramental occasion at Boon^s 
chapel, I rode thirteen miles to attend it ; it was up Santee, on the 
upper branches of Sand-Pitt : my subject was '' Christ hath once 
aufiered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to 

•God.'' We were entertained elegaolly, . and with great hospita- 
lity, at Mr. Boon's. 

' Friday 30. We set out in the rain, cfossed Santee, (we liad a 
ijpitck passage f<Nr once) and rode about fifty miles, and came to 
brother Jackson's about nine o'clock. Here our rapid march was 
ended: I rested two days. — Serious news from Baltimore— the 
academy, and our church in Light-street, with brother Hawkins's 
elegant house, all destroyed by fire ! The loss we sustain in the 
college, academy, and church, I estimate from 15 to £20,000: 
tt affected my mind ; but 1 concluded God loveth the people of Bal- 
timore, and he will keep them poor, to make them pure ; and it 
will be for the humiliation of the soc^iety. 

January 1, 1797. Being Sabbath day, I lectured on Psalm Ixxxiv^ 
and 2 Cor. v. Monday 2. I came to Charleston, and preached 
in the evening on Eph. v. 15, 16. Tuesday 3. We began confe- 
rence, and sat some days six or seven hoi|rs. We had pleasing ac^ 
counts of the growth of religion in Georgia as well as in this state. 
We had a sermon every evening, and many to hear. 

Sunday 8. My subject was John xiv. 21— >23. I do not yet feel 
myself in the Spirit of the work. Monday 9. Oar conference 
rose. We have been blessed with some young men for the minis- 
try. By letter fron^ James M^Cannon, in Baltimore, I learn that 
our people have had the offer of the Episcopal church, and the 



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276 REV. FRAirCIS ASBURY's JOVRHAIi. ^ [i^« 

EtiSlish and GermaD Presbyterian charches, notil we can lebajld. 
I began reading the Bible and Winterbotham's ViQ.w of tbe United 
States. We hare sent out subscriptions for the Methodist Magn- 
sine. The like severity of weather hath not been ko^WQ^ hero 
for fourteen or fifteen years ; the gardens and oranges appear to 
be destroyed ; the want of moisture may have increased tl^e 
effects of the frost. I have felt my soul filled with lo?e, for the 
general union in the roinistryy and for the church : my mind is 
stayed upon the Lord alone. Tuesday 9. Our dear brethren aet 
out for their circuits. Wednesday 10. In the evening we net the 
society in the manner I had recommended to the brethren in New- 
York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. We were much blessed ; it 
was a gracious season. Brother Wells appears to be dying swiftlj* 
I purpose to go out only every other nighty as I am called to duty 
every morning with fifty or a hundred Africans, I lament the 
wickedness of this city, and their great hatred againsi us. I spent 
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, in reading, writing, and. VisitUig 
the sick. 

Sunday 15. Notwithstanding I bad taken medicine on SatBrdey^ 
and was unwell, I preached on John vi. 66 — 69. We jvere mash 
crowded, and more so, when Dr. Coke preached in the evenieg. 
Monday 16. The remnant of the preachers left the city. I rode 
up the path, and attended the Doctor to Clement's ferry. At 
night 1 met the seeking Africans in brother Wells's kitchen. This 
evening I prayed with brother Wells for the last time ; he ex- 
pressed his confidence in God, and freedom from guilty dread and 
horror. 

Tuesday 17. I was called to the house of brother Wells, just 
departed this life. His widow I found in prayers and tears, as also 
the dear children and servants. We appointed his funeral to be at 
four o'clock to-morrow. The sc^ne was serious. I learned, he 
wished to see me once more : I visited him every day that I could ^ 
with propriety. It is twelve long years next March since he first 
received Henry Willis, Jesse Lee, and my«elf, into his house. In 
a few days he was brought under heart distress for sin, and soon 
after professed faith in Christ ; since that he hath been a diligent 
member in society. About fourteen months ago, when there was 
a revival of religion in the society, and in his own family, it came 
home to his own soul ; he was quickened, and remarkably blest, 
and continued so to be until his death. His affliction .was long and 
very severe. The last words he was heard to say that could Ife 
understood were that '< be knew where he was, that his wife, w^ 



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]7S^,] REV. nMJXCUB ABBHRT^S JOVRVAX* t71 

iriih lihi^ 9Bi tbat God was with hn.'' He hath hem a loan of 
iQrrowSy aod bath eoffiercd the loss of twt) respectahte wivea aqd 
a faf^urit^ «oa ; stistaioed beayy loss bjr fire» and waa subjeot to a 
I great varteiy of diffiealtieain trade aod merchandise. He waa ooe 
mach fer the ieeKng part of religioo ; a gentleiAi of spirit, and 
sentiment, and fine feelings, a faithful friend to the poor, and warm* 
ly attached to the ministers of the Gospel. This was a aolitary 
day^ and I laboured under uncommon dejection. I preached in 
the evenings and waa in great heaviness. 

Wednesday 18. We eommitted the dost of our dear brother . 
Weils to the old church burying-ground, in Cumberland-street. 
PoctiNr Coke performed the funeral ri^es, and delivered an oration ; 
I also gave a short one. My serious gloom continued. 

Thursday 19. We were doaeiy attentive to the notes on. the 
Discipline. 

Friday 20. Visited Mt. Grants declining swiftly in a consumption. 
He appeared to be somewhat awakened to a sense of the state of 
his soul and body. 

' ^Saturday 21. Till noon ray heart sinketh, and I am ready to con- 
clude we are not sent to the whites of this plac^ except a very 
few ; but to the poor Africans. I find this a suffering, holy time* 

Sunday 22. I preached Mr. Wells's funeral sermon on Rev. ii. 
to. I observed, I. Who it is that speaketh. 2. To whom he was 
speiUng. 3. What might be supposed and granted concerning the 
angel of the church-~that he had professed the convicting and con- 
verting grace c€ God ; that he had suffered poverty, temptation, 
and persecution. 4. What it is to be faithful to God — to fear him, 
as also to trust in his providence and grace ; faithful to Christ and 
to the Spirit, to the church of God, to his family and citizens ; faith* 
ful unto death, even martyrdom. I gave a brief account of Mr. 
Wells's life and death. 1 was exceedingly weak in body and mind 
before 1 began preaching, but was considerably liberated. I had a 
solemn, attentive congregation, and was glad to come home and 
spend the evening in solitary reading and prayer. I have to meet 
the African people every morning [^between &ye and six o'clock, at 
B^y lodging, with singing, reading, exhortation, and prayer. 

'Monday 23. We were at work upon our notes on the Discipline. 
Tuesday 24, 1 was very unwell, yet I must needs preach a little on 
2 Cor. vi. 2. My body is weak, and my soul is distressed on ac- 
count of sinners. I have made out to read the third volume of 
Winterbotham's General View of our continent ; this I do, because 
1 have-some hope of visiting' British America before I die. 



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278 RBv. FRANCIS asbvrt's joVrnal/ [lt97» 

Wednesday 25. My mind oppressed and my body afficted, 1 was 
dose at work, heart, head, and eyes. No justice for Camberland- 
street Methodists — a yoang Scot shouted in the chnrch, and after 
be was taken out of the house struck three or four men, no biB 
was found again#hini ; and we are insulted every night hy candle- 
light. 

Thursday 26. Still unwell. The three foflowing days I was con- 
fined to the house with a foyer. I wrought at our woric : O, that 
it may be for the glory of God and the good of his church ! I have 
numbered the chapters, and versed Scriptures in it I am resolved 
to visit more, if spared to get through this weighty business. Mr. 
Grant, after three years warning with a consumption, is gone ; I 
trust God had mercy on his soul. Doctor Coke preached in the 
morning, brother Hill in the afternoon. 

Sunday 29, and Monday 30. I consulted a physician, who judged 
my disease to be an intermittent fever, and such it proved itself: 
on Tuesday 31,. I was taken about two o'clock with a powerful 
ague, which held me till nearly nine o'clock. I presume it has 
been working for two weeks ; I probably took it by going out at t&fe 
death of brother Wells. Wednesday, February 1. I took the pow- 
ders of Colnmbo after the bilious pills. Thursday 2, my fever did 
not return. Friday 3. Growing better, 1 had serious thoughts 
about going-home to God. Of late I have been kept uncommonly 
happy. My depression of spirits at times is awful, especially 
when afflicted ; that which is deeply constitutional will never die 
but with my body. I am solemnly given up to God, and have 
been for many months wilUng to Uve or die in, for, and with 
Jesus. 

Wednesday 8. I was better, and was enabled to read, write, 
ride, and visit. 

Thursday 9. To-morrow my dear Coke sails for Europe. My 
mind i? in peace, but I am not pleased with such confinement. I 
now take a decoction ot the bark. I am under great obligations 
to Doctor Joseph Ramsay for his peculiar attention to me in my 
affliction, without fee or reward for his services. By letter firom 
John Dickins, I learn the work of God greatly revives in Newr 
York among the aged people and little children. I have lafdy 
read the second volume dPMr. Wesley's Sermons. 

Friday 10. This day Doctor Coke is waiting to sail for ire- 
land. Strangers to the delicacies of Christian friendship know 
little or nothing of the pain of parting. Glad fidings of great joy 
irom New-York.-^A second glorious work is begun there, tw^ty 



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179T«] EST. FRANciJS asbvry's jovrkax. i^79 

souk converted, a great love-feasty and Sablmth evening meeting 
held until one o'clock in the morning. This news hath given a 
spring to us in this city. 

Saturday 11. I visited a little. ^ 

Sunday 12. I attended my station, and stood upon my watch- 
tower. My subject was Eccles. v. 1. *' Keep thy foot when thou 
goest into the house of God." 

, I. The house of God — ^the temples, first and second, and syna- 
gogues, were called houses of God. A place built for the worship 
and service of the Lord ; the congregation and church. 

II. The exercises and ordinances of the house of God ; reading 
and preaching the word of God ; prayer and praises,; baptism and 
the Lord's supper. In his temple every one shall speak of his 
glory. 

Ilk. The manifestations God is pleased to make of himself in 
kis own house to the souls of his people. 

IV. How people should prepare for and behave in the house 
of God. To keep their eyes and ears^fix their attention on the 
Jl^ord and Master of the house. 

V. The wicked called fools, and the sacrifice they make, ig- 
norant of themselves, of God, of Christ, and true religion, and the 
worship pf the Lord, and do not consider it is God, Christ, and 
eacred things they make light of. 

We were full, and I put my strength to the test In the after- 
noon from Ezekiel xxxvi. 25—- 27. I showed the evils God 
threatened, and prophesied the removal of, by his servant to his 
nominal professional people, Israel. 

I. Their stony heart ; their idols and fiUhiness. 

II. The blessings promis^ and prophesied-r-a new heart, a new 
spirit, the in-dwelling and sanctifying influence of the Spirit. 

III. The blessed consequential effects-^' < I will cause you to 
walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments to do 
them.'' The law, the judgments of God, because, of the penalty 
annexed-^thus saith the Lord to the renewed soul, <* Thou shalt 
have none other gods but me.'' ^^ Lord," saith the Christian, '' I 
want none other but thee." Sajth Jehovah, <<.Thou shalt not 
make to thyself any graven image." The pious soul saith, ^^ I will 
not ; the work of my hands cannot save my soul : I will not take thy 
name in vain. I love thy day — thy love hath written thy law upon 
my heart, and love tp my neighbour engages me to fulfil my duty 
to him also«" *' The meek shall inherit the earth," as a sacred 
chi^er from the Lord— this is their claim, security, and defence^ 



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1S80 RET. FRAircis ASBimT^tf jQtniiru.. {I79T. 

I was wearied with tiie duties of the day, and had only retired 
to rest when the alarm oi fire was cried— ^it prored only to be a 
kitchen, and by the activity of the people it was soon extingmshed. 

Monday 13. I have peace, and am as well in health as I conld 
expect. Bless the Lord,^ my «ool ! I was taken op with hand- 
ing about a subscription for the new bouse. Our people appear 
mocii afraid to move in this work. 

Tuesday 14. I met the stewards on the subject of the oevr 
house. We have adjourned on the question. If materids ^Q in 
their price, and if we can secure £400, shall we begin ? Okk we 
of little faith ! It is a doubt if we had fifty in society, and £100 
on hand, when we laid the foundation stone of Comberlaud-street 
house, which cost us (including the lot) £1300. The society has 
been rent in twain, and yet we have wrought out of debt, and paid 
£10*0 for two new lots, and we can spare £100 from the stock, 
make a subscription of £150, and the Africans will collect £iOO. 

Wednesday 15. 1 felt much beftter, and rejoice in hope of going 
hence. 

Thursday 16. Was a solitary day ; my soul was in heaviitess^ 
and my body weak. I was employed in writing letters, and read- 
ing the Bible with critical attention. 

Friday 17. I thought I would fast, refraining from food till six 
o'clock ; I felt very weak, had a fever and headacb, and was glad 
to go to bed at seven o'clock. I feel pain to be gone, and. do not 
expect much peace of mind, or health of body, until I go to my 
old solitary country life. I judge that discipline, and the doing 
away of certain things, have contributed somewhat to the late 
revival of religion in New-York. 

Sunday 19. I entered on my duty. I had not an opening to 
preach, so I made an explanatory discourse on Isaiah Iv. 1 — 7. ; 
and it appeared to be of use. My leading heads were, 

I. The spiritual Uessings held forl^ in the temporal good things, 
waters, wine, milk — Water to quench thirst, cleanse, and heal, as 
to drinking, bathing, &c. all expressive of the grace of God to our 
souls ; comforting, cleansing, healing. Wine for the sickly, tempted, 
dispirited ones ; milk for babes. 

II. The grand qualifications — thirst and no money ; and tocome^ 
00 merit, no righteousness. 

III. The reasoning—" Wherefore do you spend your money,'* 
&c. i. e. make great sacrifices for pleasure^ and yet are disap- 
pointed ; such is the ease of those who seek after ceremonial 
righteousness. 



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1797.] REV. FRANCIS ASBTTRY's JOUKNAt. 281 

iV. His offering Christ. ' 

V. The promise of the increase of the kingdom of Jesus Christ 
among distant and unknown nations. 

" VI. fVhen they are to come to seek the Lord» viz. ^< while he 
•may be found." 

It was a melting season. In the afternoon I preached on Rom. 
▼iii. 31. << What shall we then say to these things ; if Ood be for 
XXB, who can be against us ?" 

I. I viewed the whole chapter. The chsoracter and distinguish- 
ing roai4cs of the people of God. 

II. How he will order himself on the side of his people, in his 
justice, mercy, truth, power, and love : *« tf God be for us ?" — 
ibis is a modest supposition. I observed, he will not aid our per- 
secutors— ^their help is departed from them ; that he sanctified per- 
setiifion ; and sometimes would cut off the enemies of his church 
and people ; that some were enemies from policy, others from 
heretical principles, some from enmity of heart ; others would 
think their fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, &c. were misguided 
9M deluded. I stood on my feet about three hours this day^ was 
much wearied and slept but little. 

Monday 20. I was weak — the weather uncommonly warm. I 
rejoice in hope of leaving the city next Monday, if the Lord 
spareth me. 

Tuesday 21. My mind has been greatly afiSicted, so that my 
sleep has been much interrupted, yet there was a balm for this ; 
a poor black, sixty years of age, who supports herself by picking 
oakum, aAd the charity of her friends, brought me a French crown, 
and said she had been distressed on my account, and I must have 
her money. But no i although I have not three dollars to trarel 
two thousand miles, I will not take money from the poor. I am 
very unwell, my soul and body is distressed : ah ! that ^uch trifles 
should affect me. I have read four books of Moses critically. 

Wednesda}' 22. Was a sorrowful day to me : I am thinking God 
is teaching me I ought not to stay in this place after this manner ; 
perhaps I shall never stay here again for so long a time. I am 
kept from sinning, yet not from deep and sore temptation. 

Thursday 23. Brother James King came to town to take the 
charge in this city as assistant preacher to Benjamin Blanton. 

Friday 24. I began to prepare for my departure hence. 

Saturday 25. My iqind is happy in the expectation of leaving 
this^city on JHonday. 

Vol. II, 36 



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iZi ft£r. FBAiicfS ASBVitr'fi lovavAL* [IWr. 

Sanday 26. I judged it best to be plaio and ex|d«iatory vpoe 
ibe Lord's sopper, 1 Cor. ▼. 7, 8. Oar coogr^^oa was large, and 
the sacrameDtad occasion very s<^eaaD. My farewell ^iscoarse w«i 
4111 1 Sana. xii. S3, t4. I observed on the daty of those who have 
4he charge of sools ; 

I. To pray for Iheoi* 

n. To teach them the good aad the ligjit way ; which is ia 
fear the Lord^ and serire him in trath, aincenty, and purity of 
iotentioo. 

III. The motives to iodace theai-*the consideration of the great 
ibingB God bath done for them. 

What good have I attempted to do here t I assisted the l>QCfcot 
in the notes on the Discipline. I have preached every Sabbat 
/except two ; formed a plan to erect a hoase in the west end «f 
the city suborbs, to be equal to that in Cumberland-street; I 
have made peace between a dying man and his brother-in-law» in 
which two families were concerned, and 1 cured a po^nr Africaft's 
sore leg by applying a poultice of bread and milk. 

Monday 21. i felt a fever, yet rejoiced to leave Charlestn. 
Many came to see me. I have persuaded one person to give tip 
the use of what I feared would be ber ruin ; she promised she 
would ; if so, all will be well. On my way I felt as if 1 was let 
out of prison. Hail ! ye solitary pines f the jessamine, the red- 
bud, and dog-wood 1 how charming in full bloom ! the former a 
most fragrant smell. We reached Monks-Comer, and were moat 
agreeably entertained at Mr. Jones's. We came on the next daj 
and had but hard fare till we reached Neldon^s ferry : it being a 
rainy day, the gentlemen were regaling themselves with cards; 
blunt Fnmk Asbury asked for dinner, but toid them he could not 
i dine upon cards ; the cards were very politely put away, and every 
necessary mark Of attention paid t Mr. Gurdine, who commands 
several ferries on this river, is a complete gentleman. We casae 
off in the rain, and it fell very freely. Through the swamp we 
had deep wading, and steeped our feet ; we wrought along as oi§^ 
came on ; and after riding four miles in the dark, dirt, and rain, w^ 
came to the widow Bowman's : here 1 found shelter and was kindly 
entertained. Her husband was a godly, gracious man, and died in 
the Lord some years ago. 

Wednesday, March 1. We rested and refitted. Thursday 2. We 
had a cold day at Gibson's ; my subject was 1 John v. 13-^16. I 
fftras rery unwell, under infirmities of body and mind. Thenar w« 



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3f^J IIEV. FRA]*CfS ASBtAY^S 90VKUAL. 28S 

rode ^w ffiiks to Mark Moore's, where I preached on 2 Peter iii. 
1%. aod had a comfortable time. 

Friday B. We had a dry, cold» hungry, long ride of thirty miletf 
to Bradford's, where I dined, and preached at three o'elock, and 
felt resolred to gire them ooe plain talk on Hebr. ifi. Y, 8. 1. The 
Toice of God, is the Gospel of Jesas Christ as preaehed by him* 
self. 2. What is comprehended in hearing his voice— attending, 
believing, obeying. 3. How men harden their hearts-^by delays, 
and by tnwaid and ontward sin ;— -the Hdy Ghost saitby To-day ^ m 
%s word, in the ministry, in the hearts of men. 

Saturday 4. At Rembert's new chapel I preached on Matt, xi^ 
'.^6-^90. where I had'some living sweetnessv 

Sunday 5. After love-feast and sacrament, f pr((^ached on 2 Cofy 
vi« 6«-^l(X but had not mnch satisfiiction. Religion is revivix^ b&te 
among the Africans ; several are joined in society i these are Che 
fM>or ; these are the people we are move immediately called to' 
preach to* 

Monday &. I preacheid in the coarf-honse at Camden,^ set apart 
Jbfi^ meetiAg^honse : my snl^ecit was, *' Knowing therefore the ter-^ 
ror of the Lord, we persuade men/' 1. 1 treated on the divine cba*' 
racter of Christ, asyadge-— his perfections, and relation to the per*- 
aoDS who are to be tried. 2. The characters to be judged*— infi- 
dels, flinoers, Pharisees, hypocrites, backslidefs, believers ; true* 
mid frise ministers ^ these are to be tried, found guihy, or ac-^ 
quitted ; sentenced and punished ; or applauded and rewarded. I 
j^ecevved a second letter from New- York, informing me of the 
revival of religion there among the aged and young people. I 

rode fourteen miles tn G - * 8 quarter, a small house among the 

* ennd hills ; thence eight miles to brother Horton's, whose brother, 
% Baptist, bad lately departed this life ; he was blest m his end. 

Wednesday 8. We rode thirty-two miles to the Waxsaws, hun- 
gry and faint: at WrenV 1 was led out on '* Let us not sleep as^do" 
others." Tihe next d^y, at quarterly meeting, I preached ott fsa.- 
i. 9. : there was a noise and shaldog. This evening a little' 
eireomstance gave me great pain ; I broke my skin^n two places; 
We rode on Friday and Saturday seventy miles. We' passed 
through a krge settlement of Presbyterians ; Mr. M*Crea, their 
minister, gave us a kind invitation to lodge at his jhouse ; but we 
wished to cross the river at Martin's Ferry, and stay at the widow 
Peatherston's. 

No&TH Carolina. — Sunday 1 f^. We were at Daniel Asbury's^^r 
Hy leg wa» inflamed by riding, and I found it necessary to poulticr 



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284 REV. FftANCIS A$VOm^» JOVAHAIi* [IT^V 

it. I »at down and taught the i^ople on ^' He that oometh to God 
must believe that he is and that he is a rewarder of them that diltr 
gently seek him." We had a living meeting in the evening ; some 
souls were greatly blest. 

Monday 12. We i^ode into IpedBH. county, thirty-three miles. We 
were caught in the rain, which threw me into a chill, followed by 
a fever ; in this situation 1 canie to, .and preached at brother Fitz- 
gerald's. Between four and five o'clock, bvothers. Dean and Dy^ 
son, (Methodists) Hall and Bowman, (Presbyterians) had filled mji: 
appointment in the preceding part of the day. 

Tuesday 13. I, preached at the church in the fbriss of the 
Yadkin on Isaiah xxxv, 1 — 4. I had to ride ei^t miles in the 
rain to Templetoa-s. 

Wednesday 14. I rode five miles to Mr. Hoy's, and treated otk 
the reit thai remaineth to the people of God. In the afternoon I 
rode twelve miles to father Bruqe's^ where I found myself at home.. 

Thursday 15. We had to ride fifteen miles Jthrough the rain toi^ 
Oj(ford'8. After preaching on . Hebrews ii. 1 , we rode eight miles 
to Paynes's. The weather was very. damp. : I felt the chill throc^ghi^ 
me. The next morning I was seized with a fever which held me 
more or less until Sabbath morning, when I preached at Perkins's^ 
and Connelly's meeting- houses; at the former on Hebr. ii..3. and 
at the latter On 2 Cor. latter part of the vith chapter. Here as- 
many as eight preachers came to meet me i some of them one 
hundred miles. I feel myself very unwell, and am q^fraid that, 
almost every rain will bring on a relapse of the fever. My mind 
of late is much resigned to the will of God ; 1 feel 1 have nothing, 
here but the church of God ; 1 would not throw my life away nor 
hold it back, if the Lord called for it in labouring, travelling, and.. • 
Bufifering. I conclude I have rode one hundised. oules this week».. 
and the weather has been very uncomfortable, the roads bad, and 
our lodging in some very open houses ; to which I may. add my 
preaching b new and unfinished meeting-houses in March j which, 
is a searching, changeable month,, especially near the mountains. 

Sabbath day 19. At. Connelly ^s new church I preached on 2 Cor. 
vii. 1. I only intended to give a short discourse. 

Monday ^Q. 1 had but twenty miles to ride to Esquire White's^, 
at the Mulberry Grove. Heire I left Doctor S* B— r-— 1 ; but death, 
hath now removed him. I still continued, to feel feverish and* 
jfeeble, and thought it needful to take mountain bark. 

Tuesday 21. I preached once more at Johns-River ; my snbject 
was 1 Cor. i. 24, 25. As I thooghjL it would be my last,. I exerted: . 



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179?.} REV. fHiKCiS ASBintT'S JOMNXC. 188^ 

myself uaiil my cbiU and fever retarned : I also 'administered the 
aaerameDt and baptised children. 

Wednesday^. I set ont on my joamey for the west ; and it had 
a serious influence on my mind to leave brother Hill behind, who 
I fear hath a confirmed consumption, and I too so unwell. It 
liegan to rain violently before we came to Henley's : I took shelter 
in a house from the rain, and talked and prayed with a poor 
woman. We dined, at Mr. Henley's, calling at Wakefield only it 
talk and pray» — I cannot well pass by my friends without calling. 
We hastened across Lynville 'Mountain, which is awfully barren, 
and came on to Young's Cove ; the storm followed us, with thun- 
der, lightning, and rain. We arrived after some of the people 
were gone ; but some returned, and I gave them but a small talk, 
being very weary in walking down> the mountains> and over the 
rocks. 

Thursday 23, I came to Davenport^s : my subject was *« GodlU 
ness is profitable," &c. — ^Qrace in the heart, in all its operations : 
bodily exercise for a little time is useful for health — for the pre* 
sent world — ^for the means of grace. — Godliness promiseth every 
thing we can wish for in the present and future life ; answering all 
the purposes of ciril, domestic, and Christian life : — justice^ 
mercy, and truth ; — every duty and relation ; all the joys and sdl 
the suffering of life ; aM the lawfiil use of kwful things ;— *and 
prepares for the enjoyment of Gk>d, Christ, the Jkernal Spirit^ 
angels, and glory. 

Friday 24. I wa» unwell : the clouds were lowering. We had 
rode but a mile when the rain began : brother Jones's house was 
at hand ; here we stopped two hours, until some of the rain fell to 
the earth : there was a short cessation, and about half past twelve 
o'clock we set out again, rode six miles, and were driven into Mr* 
Cook's^ by thunder, hail, and r»n ; here we stopped to talk with 
God and man. Hard necessity made us move forward ; the west- 
ern branch of Toe- River, that comes down from the Yellow Moun- 
tain, was rapidly filling ; and was rocky^ rolling, and roaring like 
the sea, and we were compelled to cross it several times. When 
we came to ascend the mountain, we had a skirmish of rain, thun- 
der^ and lightning — it was distant— 4t was mercy. I found hard 
woA to ride where Thomas White had driven his wagon, for 
which he deserves a place in my journal and a premium from 
the state. When we had ascended the summit of the moun- 
tain, we found it so rich and mirey, that it was with great difficulty 
we could ride along ; but 1 was wrapped up in heavy, wet gas- 



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SB6 ftEV. FBA9CI5 AflBVET^S 9tVMMJki^ {1Y97. 

BMtnts, anil aoable to walk throiigb weakness of bod j ; so we bad it, 
pitch, slide, and drive to the bottom. We theo came upon the 
drams stDd branches/of Great Toe-Rtrer. From Fisher's we 
bad to ride through what i called the skadet tf tkoik, four imteB 
to Af tiler's; here we had to cope with Toe^River, aod' oear the 
lioose came mto deep water ; my horse drove to the opposile bmek 
aboTe the landing, and locked one of his feet in a root or aaa^thii^ 
Kke it, but freed himself: at hist we made the house, the peo|ile 
received as kindly, and gave us such things as they had. We 
could only partially dry our garments. We heard heavy tiding of 
a deep rocky ford yet to he passed in our way across Toe>River. 

Tehitessce.— Saturday £5. We were escorted by three brave- 
young Dutchmen. After riding three miles we began to scale 
the rocks, hills, and mountains, worming through pathless woods» 
to shun a deep ford. 1 thought, ride 1 must, but no — ^the com« 
pany concluded to walk : I gave my horse the direction of bim- 
eelf, under Providence. I bad to step from rock to rook, hands 
ttsd feet busy, but my breath was soon gone, and I gave vp the cause 
and took horse again, and resolved that I would ride down the bill^ 
ekhougb I had not rode op them : at last (hit or niiss^ Provideoee is 
all) into the path we came, and theoee kept down the river and 
ever to Little Toe, bearing down the strewn ; when^ we had passed 
the Gap, we wished to feed ; hot the man had no com to sell : we 
tried, mao and horse, to reach Nathan Davies's ^^ where weP iv* 
rived and were mad^ comfortable. I was much Spent with the 
labours' of this day. Hearing of the quarterly meeting at Dun*^ 
worth's, 1 rode on Sunday 26Ch twelve miles, and arrived time* 
enough for me to give them a feeble, yet faithRil taic o» Isa. t. 9. 
I am of opinion it is as hard< or harder, for the people- of the Weaf 
to gain rehgioo as any other. Wheo I consider whei% they came 
from, where they are, and how they are, and hew they are ealled 
to go further, their t>eing untietlfted, with so many ebjieets to take 
their attention, with the health and good air they enjoy, and when' 
I reflect that not one m a hundred came here to get rebgioo ; but 
rather to get plenty of good land, I thiislc it wil^be well' tf &ome or 
many do not eventually lose their souls'. I was met' by our bre* 
thren JKohler, Burke, and Page;^ I restied on Monday and 'Peesday 
to take breath and medicine. I find myself so hardly put to it at 
times that I can only journalize a little. We concliided as thlsre 
are not proper stations <>n the Comberfartd path, it'will not do for 
me to lodge on the ground : the general opinion is against il. We- 
are to try to go to Kentucky next week> 






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i7OT.J SBEur^ nuifcsi assvrt's jwnurji2.« 287 

Wedaetaty £9. I rode to William Ndsons, and after dinner to 
NathaD Davies's. Tharsday raorning 1 wm very weak, and have 
elow« but almost cootiooid fevers* I preached with great difficolty 
ia the aftemeon, and retoroed to William Nelson's. This night I 
iek a total change of mind. The weakness of my body, and the 
jcold and nhsettled state of the weather, made me, with the general 
^^drice «f the preachers present, give ap the canse ; they also ad* 
^ised me ito make the be»t of my way to Balttmore^ mid not to ride 
in the rata. It may be, the Liord intends to lead me in a way I 
Jbav^ not yet. known ^ it is perhaps best that 1 shoald go with all 
expedient haste, from conference to conference, only stopping al 
Ae iewns and ^hief places on Sabbath days.. Live or die^ I mast 
ride. Aftor all the disappointments, perhaps every purpose is an- 
swered but one. I have sent brother Cobler to take charge of 
Kentncky and Cumberland, by visiting the whole every quarter : 
lirother Bird 1 h«ive^tationed in the Hol9t<»in district. I haveivrit- 
tea a circumstantial letter to brother Poythress and the Kentucky 
conference. I have made a plan for the stationing of the preachere, 
aMeast those of any standing : and now I will make the best of my 
way to Bidtimore ; perhaps there imay be some special call for me 
there : I roast, as the burden of meeting the conferences, ordain* 
ing, and stationing the preachers reetetfa on me, save myself. 1 am 
]>ecaliarly concerned for. the ctties : the prosperity of the work of 
-Clod depeOds OHich on having proper men for any and every part of 
4be work. 

Friday 31. It being rainy I rested. Saturday, April 1. The wea* 
^her was clear and cold : we set off for brother Baker's. My 
iiorse hath the honour of swimming Holstetn River every time I 
wit this country. • 

Suttdi^ t, I felt better than I had done since I crossed the moun- 
4ains. 1 preached on Acts iii. 26. and was for pushing on again 
about fifteen miles farther, to Edward Coxe's : we got lost, and 
jwere an hour in the night. 

Monday 3. We made a stretching ride of about forty miles, and 
met% another hour in the night, and came to Half- Acres, i was 
properly outdone, and my fever returned and held me thirty houn. 

Tuesday 4. 1 reached the widow RusselFs ; I am scarce able to 
read, write, sing, or pray ; nevertheless, after I had rested, I 
preeched in the evening. 

Vmomi A.— Thursday 6. We took our way up Walker's Valley ; 
after riding about eight miles my weakness came on, and I was 
^adAressed by name and earnestly requested to stop and take re- 



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^8 ««rv. rnairws abbury's jqvKNxZi. [1797* 

fredfameDt and rest at Mr. M'Carty's ; here we w€re richly [Hronded 
ibr : the mother and daaghter are most agreeable and kind. After 
commending ourselves and this afifectionate faaiilj to God, we came 
to Benoni Banning^s ; as I was told, so I found tins family — most 
attentively kind : we stopped here Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. 

My fever never left me, as 1 thought, from Monday until Friday 
Bight. 1 am kept cheerful, but very weak. My diet is chiefly tea, 
potatoes, Indian-meal gruel, and chicken broth. My reading is only 
the Bible : 1 cannot think much, and only write a few letters. I 
think of my charge, of the conferences, and the church, and of my 
dear parents, who will probably eutHve me — 1 must be made per* 
feet through sufierings, I rest in rainy weather, and have to ride 
from eighty to one hundred and twenty miles in a week. The 
. way we now go we have sometimes to ride thirty miles to get to a 
bouse. From the 9th of April to the 27th of May 1 have kept no 
journal. The notes of our travels and troubles taken by Jonathan 
Bird and Joshua Wells, will tell a small part of my sorrows and 
soflierings. I have travelled . about six hundred miles with an ia- 
flammatory fever» and fiied pain in my breast. I cannot help e%» 
pressing the distinguishing kindness of some families where 1 have 
been forced by weakness to stop-^Captain Shannon, on Walker's 
creek — ^my friend Scarborough, on the sinks of Green Briar — 
Colonel Mofiatt and brother Young in Augusta : neither can 1 for- 
get Mr. Lee and Moore — the Harmons, at Rocktown, and brother 
and sister M'Williams^-Sisters Phelps and Reed, in Winchester, 
and my dear, kind friend^^octor Tiffin. By a strange providence 
I was cast upon Ely Dorsey, on Liiaganore, who nursed me as if I 
bad been his own father. 

Maryland. — From the 27th of May until June 10, no joumaL 
We rode nearly forty miles from Linganqre to Baltimore. I 
lodged at brother Hawkins's retreat, about one mile from the city. 
I lounged away a week in visiting a little. 

Sunday, June 18. I was only able to speak about 6fteen minutes. 
I recover but clowiy. Th^ constant resort of the wealthy and 
poor visiting me, made me^ much ashamed that they should look 
after such a worthless lump of misery and sin. 

June 25. I met the male members of the society Sabbath 
morning, as I had met the sisters and the official members in the 
preceding week. 1 obtained the liberty of the managers of the 
African academy to congregate the fathers as well as to teach the 
children. We had nearly five hundred coloured people. Brother 
Willis preached on Acts vii. 7. and I added a few words. In the 



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17^7.] Mr, FRAKcia asbvrt's jovkna^ W9 

afternoon T gave a short exhortation at Mr./ Otterbine's chnrch, on 
Howard's Hill. I am noiv waiting for the making of a snlky. 
Thomas Barber^ from Birmingham , (England) took a second like* 
ness of me, at the desire of my mother, to send to England. I am 
trying to organize the African church. I made interest for the 
u»e of Mr. Otterbine's choreh for Sabbatb in the morning and 
evening fot the white people. I have atteqipted to promote 
society meetings at Old-Town and the west end of the city, either 
at the Dunker'a meeting-house or Mr. Otterbine's charch. My 
feelings, or my fears premonish me this will be a sickly summer* 
I visit, dine, and ride out every day;— but it is very hard work for 
me to eat, drink, talk, and do nothing. As I am not a man of the 
world the most of the conversation about it is irksome to me. I 
ann taken from house to house, and the brethren wish the pleasure 
of seeing me, and those who are acquainted with tb^ir families 
will come to see me also. 

July 3. 1 attempted to preach in Doctor Allison's, church, and 
felt more assisted than I expected. v 

Tuesday 4. 1 was taken in a chariot to Perry-Hall in company 
with sister Fonerdon. I felt the effects of my exertions ^n the 
Sabbatb, the want of rest, rising early, and riding to Mr. Googh's. 
In my mind I felt almost as in old times. Ood hath not left this 
house. 1 felt great lore j to the family in praying for them in the 
family and in the closet. 1 had an open and free conversation 
with Mr. Gough about his souk I conversed with the servants 
also, and had freedom in prayer, although I felt weakness of body. 
I wrote a few letters and read a little in the Bible. Th/e weather 
is excessively wa;rm. 

Saturday 8. 1 cannot now as heretofore spend ten hours out of 
sixteen io reading the Bible in English or Hebrew, or other books, 
or write letters from morning until night. My bow is weak, if 
not broken ; but I have more time to speak to God and souls. 
Sabbath day I performed at Mi*. Gough's alone. 

Wednesday 1^. I borrowed a s^rvapt at Mr. QougVs, and cam^ 
on to Mr. Sb^ridap's bouse. North- East Cecil county ; here; 1 bor- 
rowed another servant, and on Friday 1 rode to WilmiDgton, and 
stepped at AUeq M'Lane's, now living there. 

PejinsylvaHu. — Saturday 15. Warm acr it was, I reached Phila- 
delphia : and Sabtiath evening 16, I felt free to labour a little, 
feeble as I was^ and enlarged on JqIiq xiv. 1. I have great reason 
to be thankful for my sulky ; I ahoqld poon be silent vyritbout it. 
I rode to Germaatowa to see ag^ mother Steel, and sister 

Vol. II. 37 



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t9B RSV. FRAKCIS ASBVllY'tf JOVKftAt. [1797^ 

Lasby, and foand freedom, although I coald hardly walk or tdk ; 
yet must needs speak to the women of the house about their 
souls. Dined at brother Baker's retreat, and came back to the city 
Tery sick, and went tp bed. 

New- Jersey. — Tuesday 18. I came off to 'Burlingtoa ; and waa 
much grieved to hear my appointments had been made, and not 
attended in consequence of my illness. 

Wednesday 19. Dined at Crossweek's, at brother Abbott's, once 
a travelling preacher, now a merchant We came on to father 
Hutchinson's ; here I was almost outdone with excessive heat. I 
•topped four days, but found it hard work to sit still. 

Monday 24. We came to Brunswick ; dined, prayed, and re- 
joiced to hear that God had kindled a living fire here, through 
the instrumentality of a brother fromElizabethtown. We came on 
to Elizabethtown, forty miles ; it was ample labour for man and 
horse : here I was sick again. 

Tuesday 25. I rode to Newark, and dined \with Mr. Ogden, a 
steady friend. After the rain, I came to New- York ; here I spent 
a few painful days, being unable to visit or be visited. 

New-York. — ^On Monday I came to Shotweli's, very unwell f 
and the next day to Kingsbridge : here I was compelled by afflic- 
tion to spend two weeks. I then rode to New-Rochelle, and 
lodged at. Mr. Sberwood'^i Finding myself swelling in the face, 
(bowels, and feet, I applied leaves of burdock, and then a plaister 
of mustard, which drew a desperate blister. I had such ^wful 
acre feet, I knew not but that they would mortify ; and only after 
two weeks was I able to set them to the ground. I, took cream of 
tartar, and nitre daily to cool, and keep open the body ; I also 
made use of the bark. 

Sunday, September 12. I began to walk once or J^ice across 
the room. 

Monday 13. We began our route to Wilberham ; we had not 
rode far over the rocks before I was taken very unwellr We 
stopped at Byram, at father Banks's : I was soon pot to bed with a 
very high fever that held me through the night. I now began to 
conclode'it was not the will of God I should proceed, and the 
brethren would not persuade me to go on ; brother Totten re^ 
turned with me to mother Sherwood's. I have had sKght fevers, 
but expect to rest until about the first of October, which I hope, 
with riding a little every clear day, will restore me to health. 

Thursday 16. I visited Nicholas Underbill's wife, who is near 
her trying hour ; I hope it was good for me, for lier, and the fiih 



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1797.] REV. FAANCl^ A«BURY^S JOURNAL. 291 

mily. I take a small potion of bark each day, and one third of a 
cbmmoD dose of cream of tartar and nitre, and hope I shall yet be 
raised up. My mind i|i stayed upon God : and I hope to be more 
holy ; bat I fear I shall never be able to ride and preach as I have 
done in former days, so as to be more useful. I have now much 
time to think of, and review my whole life. 

The kindness of this Sherwood family is great ; my dear mamma, 
and Betsy Sherwood, and Jonathan and Bishop also : if I had not 
been at hom^ here, what additional distress of mind would have 
attended me i my friends also were welcome to come and see me. 
Sabbath-day, at the widow Sherwood% I had the pleasure of hear- 
ing our brother Matthias make a pointed, profitable, and powerful 
discourse. It is now eight weeks since I have preached — awfully 
dumb Sabbaths ! I •have been most severely tried from various 
quarters ; n^ fevers, my feet, and Satan, would set in with my 
gloomy and nervous affections. Sometimes subject to the greatest 
effeminacy ; to distress at the thought of a useless, idle life : but 
what brought the heavy pang into my heart, and the big tear to 
roll, that never rises without a cause, was, the thought of leaving 
the connexion without some proper men of their own election, to 
go in and out before them in my place, and to keep that order 
which I have been seeking these many years to establish. My 
aged parents were dear to me in their advanced age and dependant 
»tiEite : like myself, they have spent what they had to spare for 
many years, nearly forty, in keeping open doors for the Gospel 
and people of God > this burden hath been laid: upon them. I am 
happy that I can now ride a little every clear day for my better 
iteidth, and can eat and sleep better. I am left too much alone : I 
cannot sit in my room, all day making gloomy reflections on the 
past, present, and fature life. Lord, help me ! for I am poor and 
needy ; the hand of God hath touched me, and I think Satan fortt 
himself in my melancholy, unemployed, unsocial, and inactive hours. 

Sunday 18. I was strongly impressed in my mind months ago 
that this summer and fall would be marked with heavy a£9ic- 
tions. Oh Philadelphia ! I have had very little f^ith for that city ; 
I have often remarked the general contempt of the Sabbath ; the 
constant noise of carriages; there is.a perpetual disturbance of 
worshipping assemblies. It is true, one event cometh on the 
righteous and the wicked ; but God will stand to his word — -he hath 
punished, he will punish those that rob him. If report be true^ 
the distress of the Philadelphians is great ; three-fourths of the 
citizens are fled. 



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99ft BET. FRAJICI8 AMVRT's JOVElTlft. [1797. 

Monday 19. I felt strenglh of faith and body, as if I should be 
raised ap again. I rode for recreation nine miles* The clonds 
are dispelled from my mind — O that my future life may be h<4incM 
to the Lord— pmdent Spd exemplary to ndany ! 1 wished to speak 
to a poor African whom 1 saw in tbe field as 1 went ont, and as I 
came along on my retarn, he Was at a stone wall within eight or 
nine feet of me : poor creature ! be seemed struck at tey counsel, 
and gave me thanks. O, it was going down into the Egypt of SoMh 
Carolina after those poor souls of Africans f have lost my keaidi, 
if not my life in the eod-«-the will of the Lord he done ! 

Wednesday 90. I rode about fourteen miles. 1 met a messte*- 
ger who came to desire my presence to-morrow at the fnoeral of 
our brother Vanostnind \ 1 hare known him about fifteen years, and 
had great confidence in the man. He hath laboured as a local 
preacher, and three years as a traTelliog ^ne ; he had hisaeA« 
and I know one. Some will complain of his negligence . in Elisa^ 
both circuit; but what could the man do? He gave bis life, and 
perhaps caught the cause of his death by bad lodgiag, and riding 
in cold weather. He told a fHend he had settled bis temporal and 
spiritual business ; he then slept in peace. Brother Yawoatrafid 
was a native of Long-Island. He fdlowed the fortune of king 
George in the revolutionary war, but sood after peace he joined 
himself under king Jesus, and fought till he died in a good cause, 
as a Christian and a minister. I had some unpleasing symptoms, 
and am ready to conclude 1 shall linger into death, or at least 
never be restored to perfect health : my soul continually cries oat, 
Thy wiH be done, O Lord ! 

Thursday 21. I attended the funeral, and gaVe an exhortation* 
I have rode twenty miles this day, with little rest and no food. 

Friday 22. I rode eight or ten miles, I was touchtsd with the 
fever. 

Saturday 23. I slept well last night, but waked with a slight fever. 
I received a letter from Dr. Coke ; as I thought, so it is — he is 
gone from Ireland to England, and will have work enough when he 
Cometh there. The three grand divisions bf that connexion ak-e 
alarming. It is a doubt if the Doctor cometh to America until 
spring, ff at all until the general conference. 1 am more than ever 
convinced of the propriety of the attempts 1 have made to bring 
forward Episcopal men : First, from the uncertain state of my 
health ; Secondly, from a regard to the union and good order of 
the American body, and the stiaite of the European connexion. I 
am sensibly assured the Americans ought to act as if they expected 



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2797.] RET. FIULNCI6 AiBVRT's JOITRNAL* SdS 

to lo«e me ever; day, und had do dependance upon Doctor Coke ; 
tliking prudent Care not to place tbemselres at all under the con- 
troling inflaence of Britiiti Methodists* I visited three families^ 
talked, and prayed in each, but was rather outdone. 

Sunday 24* At Sherwood's VaUey : I bad. greatly desired to 
speak to these people, and was much assisted so to do ; my subject 
was 2 Cor. ri. 3. I considered, by way of introduction, What cha- 
racter of )>eople they were< who are to be the subjects of salva- 
tion—the loift, the enslaved, and those that cannot save them- 
selves. First, Christ the author of ibis salvation ; the meritori- 
ous, efficient, and moving cause. Secotadly, The nature of this salva- 
tion — to rfeach all the misery and guilt of sinners ; to save, redeem, 
and liberate* Thirdly, What bespenks an accepted time and a day of 
salvation ; to have God, Christ, the Spirit, ministers, means, and 
people that have religion, Say, behold— now is the day of salva^ 
tion ! I was able to speak fervently and regularly for an hour with 
great affection. I rejoiced to find that God had raised me up to call 
poor mourning souls to Christ, and to warn careless sinners. After 
twenty-six years tlie Gospel is established in this neighbourhood, at 
a small distance from this boose. I preached at Peter Bennett's 
before the war ; and after peace was restored, the blessing re- 
turned to hUi widow's house ; two of his daughters are ici fellow- 
ship with us. The widow Sherwood's was the substitute honsOf 
after the widow Bennett went to live at New- York : now they are 
about building a church for the word and worship of God. I am 
happy to hear, by letters, of a revival of the work in several 
places in Virginia, as also in North and South Carolina. 

Monday 25. The day was clear, and very warm. 1 rode up to 
the Plains, and stopped at Elijah Crawford's. God hath honoured 
this house. Two young men are gone into the ministry out of it. 
I have rode nearly twenty miles, and had it not been for tjie heat, 
I should have done well. 

Tuesday 26. I wrote a letter to , he was under grief and 

trouble. This day Joshua Wells returned from Wiibrabam confe- 
rence. Matters were conducted well. 

Wednesday 27. The preachers came up ; and Thursday iS, we 
' had a sermon, and ordination of deacons. I was employed about 
three hours, and faint indeed. I rode* four miles, and lodged at 
Morgan's, East Chester : this was an excessively warm day. 

Saturday 30. We rode to N«w-York ; a very warm day. I found 
myself much injured, but was well nursed at the north side of 
the city. They have a tonch of the fever here in George-street. 



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994 nsv. FEAireis ^nvmr's jovksal. [1797. 

Sabbatii; October 1. We had mach rain. Lire or die, I preached 
aft the old and new church on Isai. xzxiii. 20. and Dent. xxTiu. 9. 
I had tome diss^greeable things, and was hot ill fitted in body to bear 
them. 

Mondaj 2. We rode about twenty-seven miles to Hammond^s. 
My ferer rises every night. 

New-Jerset.— -Toesday 3. We rode thirty miles to Joseph 
Hntchinson's. 1 lament most of all that I have not lived in a ccm- 
•tant state of prayer. 1 have had most deep and sore temptations 
of many kinds, such as I coold have hardly thought of in health. I 
■last be tried so as by fire. By reason of the fever in Philadelphia 
oor conference is moved to Duck-Creek, in the state of Delaware. 

Wednesday 4. After the storm was over we moved on as far as 
Crossweeks, and lodged at father Lovell's. I was weak in body 
hot comfortable in mind. I visited three families ; called at Han- 
cock's, and saw my old friend of twenty-six years n^embership. 
i came on to Burlington. Serious times still in Philadelphia. I 
was very unwell ; I had an awful night. 

. Friday 6. We crossed Dunkes's ferry, and came a rough, 
crooked way to Germantown. We had a meeting at Dr. Lusby's. 

Saturday 7. We rode over the rocks, after crossing Schuylkill 
at a ferry, to Chester, and thence to Aaron Mattson's. There i« 
a new house and mill built since I was here ; but there is room 
enough for Christ yet. We rode to Wilmington, where I 
preached on Psalms xlvi. 1 — 5. 

Deuiwarje«— "Monday 9. We came thirty-eight, miles to Duck- 
Creek. 

Tuesday 10. We began conference. I appointed /the president 
elders to take my seat, and I sat alone, because the hand of the 
Lord was upon me. I was resolved to put out my strength to the 
last in preaching. My first subject was Isaiah i. 26 — 28, ; my 
second was on Luke xvii. 12. ; my third 2 Cor. xiii. 11. Great 
times : preaching almost night and day ; some souls converted, 
^ and Christians were like a flame of fire. Eleven persons were 
set apart for elders' and three for deacons' orders. 

Friday 13. We rose. 1 was much outdone, yet happy. We 
appointed a standing committee to iospect and direct the press. 
We read some passages of the notejs on the Discipline, and left 
the ren»ant to this committee. 

Maryland. — Monday 16. We rode to Bohemia-Ferry, twenty 
miles. Dr. Ridgely has sent "me a plenty of Colutnbo magnesia* 
aolubie tartar, and bark. I am much grieved that I do not coa* 



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17d7.] JOSV. FRANCIS ASBVRY^S JOURNAL* " tM 

rene more abaodantly with God in my own heart and soul. We 
had great peace. Iliaie not of late, if at any time in these parts, 
heard such an awful account of ferer as we now hear rages in 
Baltimore city and Point. At is i>eported that onr conference was 
first moved to Evans's meeting-honse. I spent the evening at Mr. 
Basseft's, and lectured upon a chapter. 

Tuesday 17, was a very warm day. We rode from Duck- 
Creek to North-East. They had managed the matter so as to 
appoint for me and brother Lee io preach. I gave them a short 
sermon on Gal. v. 7. ** Ye dhl run well ; who did hinder you that 
ye should not obey the truth ?" I lodged at Mr. Sheridine's. 

Wednesday 18. We OMne to Josiah Dallam's. 

Thursday 19. Reached Mr. Gough's. I was comforted in 
seeing a few of my age who were my spiritual children. 

Friclay 20. After all the alarm we came to Baltimore } a blessed 
rain settled the amazing dust and purified (he air. 

^Saturday 21. I opened conference, and gave up the presidehcy 
to the presiding elders. Returned unwell. Very uncomfortable 
easterly winds and rainy weather. I mentioned in my speech to 
the conference the weakness of the^ episcopacy. 

The conference rose on Friday 26. There was great peace, 
and^all the preachers, but myself, satisfied with their stations. 

Sabbath day 22. I preached at Dr. Allan's church the funeral 
sermon of Martha F. Allison, a Miethodist for about twenty-seven 
years-^a class leader — a woman of, sense and piety : the subject 
was John xi. 24 — 27. We had a crowded house. 

Sunday 29. I opened the new church in Light-street with read* 
ing2 Chron. vii.J2. Fsalm cxxxii. Haggai xi. Markxi. The elders 
read and prayed. My subject was £ph. ii. 19, 20, 22. ; and at Old 
Town I preached on 2 Samuel xvi. 17. I had to preach the fu- 
neral sermon of father Gatch on 1 Thess. iv. 13, 14. I observed 
the pleasing, cheering, and charming manner in which the apostle 
described the death of the righteous. Sleep — sleep in Jesus — a 
rest from labour, sorrow, a£9iction, and pain ; happy opening vi- 
rions of God ! Secondly — the hope the pious who are alive have for 
their pious dead who have had experience, and long continuance 
in religion, and a comfortable dying in the (iOrd. Those who 
have no hope for' themselves nor their dead, how awful their sor- 
row \ I feel myself very weak. I dined at Mr. Rogers's. 

Tuesday 31.1 went to see the poor orphans — to weep with sis- 
ter Fonerdon's children, and dear Nelly Owens, her daugh- 
ter also. They had a Nelly Owens baptised for the dead brother 



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n$ mmrsWMAaenjdfmaLii^B'M^muuMm [1791 



aodmler Reed, Uf deeriiQniiigfrieiidb: 
me tbeir beneficence and tears. 

Wednefdaj, November 1. We c«Be eff and preacbed at^ Ae 
widow Dorsey's on ** If in tbb life only we hare hope in Ghtul, 
we are of all UMn mot t miaerable." We had a fioieoin aatenMyi 
I made a few obterrations on the hope ChriatiaiM have of Chrisl 
only in this life { if in this life, only Christians ceoldhave hope in 
Christy they weald be most miserable. They are denied the ma^ 
M pleasures, profits, and honours of the world ; snbject to gresl 
afllictioos and persecntions ; often deprived of life in ages past : no 
mercy, no jostice, no troth, no love ; lastly, that they eoold neve^ 
be borne up under such principles and persecutions if it were not 
fi>r the hope of future rewards : they which have no hope in this 
or the future world in Christ, are of all men the most wretched 
and miserable. My horse is a little ungovernable, the weaihet 
warm, and myself unwell. 

Thursday 2. I did not preach, but exhorted at Shadrach Tor** 
ner's: here are five children and a motiier for Christ, and for 
usefulness. '{y» 

Friday 3. We came to Georgetown. ' I felt very feeble in body, 
almost ready to faint before we reached Col. Bell's : 1 was glad 
through my weakness to be excused from preachiug : brother liee 
supplied the place. I visited John Long's family ; 1 saw mother 
Moore efter more than tWenty years-r^he is going on to glory. 'A 
son of brother Long's was sick, and distressed about his ioul, and 
resolved to seek redeeming grace. We must needs go and view 
the famous bridge— it is amazing to see the river so eootraoted 
that a stone could be pitched ov-er where the bridge stands : jthi¥ 
is three miles above Geoigetown : from the bridge upwards, there 
is a good road cut out of the rocks. The rain came on,' and we 
were glad we could find Saitauel Adams's, three miles from the 
bridge. : here we were happily sheltered from the weather, i^d 
comfortably accommodated. I sent for brother Waters and his 
wife, and we improved the evening in the way Christians should; 
in prayer, siogiog, reading the word, and exhortations. 

ViRoiNiA. — Sunday 5. We rode ten miles to Alexandria, and had 
only time to reach town when the rain came on powerfnily. I 
made a feeble discourse on Isaiah xxxiii. 20. I ordahied Thomas 
Lyell deacon 

Monday 6. Came out of town late, and ju^ed it best to call at 
Willram Bushley's. We had a storm of snow. My mind is dall 
and my body languid ; my only hope is Christ and grace. 



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1797.] REV. FRANCIS ASBURV's JOURNAL* 297 

Taesdaj 7. We thought it good, as the weather was fine, to stand 
our eourse southward : we fed at Colchester, at the new bridge t 
we were told it cost eighty thousand dollars. This is a great relief 
to hasty travellers. We dined on the road, in the woods, on what 
we brought with us. We got to Dumfries, where court was then , 
sitting r we met several drunken men in the way. I have not seen 
such sights for many days. We slept at Captain Ward's : they ex- 
pected us the evening before. I ordained brother Hopkinson 
deacon. 

Wednesday 8. We came away at eight o'clock, making twelve 
miles to Stafford court-house, breakfasted and fed, and then drove 
twenty-five miles to the widow Bombry's^ where we arrived about 
SIX o'clock. The hills were very bad to climb, being much wash* 
ed and broken : I was ready to be cast away, or overset. My 
body is still weakrand my mind greatly affected'. 

Thursday 9. I had gloomy feelings last night. Riding in the 
night w^s very injurious, i feel no evil, unless something like 
murmuring. When I am so unable to travel and yet go on, pro- 
tebly I do more than God or man requires of me ; but the will 
of the Lord be done ! If I suffer or sin in this, he will pardon my 
weakness. 

Friday 10. We rested at the widow Bombry^s : this mother in 
Israel treated us with every necessary mark of attention. I had an 
interview with sister Forks and her daughter. I found them still 
walking in the narrow way. 

Saturday 1 1 . We rode ten miles to Port Royal, and then came on 
nearly twenty miles to the widow Rouse's, in Essex, where we were 
kindly and comfortably entertained. We then hastened on to 
LerAy Cole's ; he and his wife were gone to quarterly meeting 
eight miles down the river ; but a pious young sister and house- 
keeper made us comfortable. We had a storm of wind and rain : 
when it had blown over, we hasted to the meeting-house. I 
gave a short sermon on ^' No man speaking by the Spirit of God 
calletb Jesus accursed ;" and that '* No man can say Jesus is Lord 
but by the Holy Ghost." What is to be qnderstood by calling 
Jesus accursed ? — To put him wholly out of the question ; to expel 
him from being any thing in our salvation ; and to say all the un- 
kind things that the Jews said of him. We had to ride five miles 
to the widow Humby's ; here all was kindness and love. We re- 
joiced to see our nrach esteemed brethren, Cde, M'Kendree, and 
Mead, and to hear of a great and gracious work of God. 

Vol. II. 38 



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^9S REV. FRANCIS ASBURT's aOVRffAL. |17^« 

Monday 13. We rode to Pace's chapel, where I preecbed on 
John ziv. 6. after which we had several exhortations, and the «• 
crament We lodged at widow CampheU's : we have been fed by 
the widows more than Elijah. 

Tuesday 14. We rode to Shackleford's chapel, and held meet* 
tog three hours: we had a lai|;e and solemn congregatioa. I 
preached, although very unwell, on 1 Cor. ii, 12. In the OMiittiof 
July last, the Lord visited this place in mercy, and it is judged tbir^ 
souls not only professed to be, but were really converted to God. 
in speaking to-day, I showed«-»Of whom, and of what the apostles 
wrote : the things freely given them to know as apostles and Chris- 
tians — redemption, salvation in all its degrees — conviction of sin, 
repentance for sin, faith, justification, regeneration^ saoctification, 
the resurrection, and glorification — that these things are not com- 
municated by the spirit of the world, bat by the Spirit of God. 
We had a very warm day ; we fasted eight hours, and held meet* 
ing three, and then rode nearly twenty-four miles, and lodf^d 
at . 



Wednesday 15, was a snowy day, and very cold : f rode 
miles, cased and curtained up in the carriage. I kept house at bro- 
ther Bellamy's : it is seven years since I was here. My mind 
enjoys peace, but my body is languid. I had a severe fever, end 
. found it time to rest. A society of nearly forty here is now- in- 
creased to one hundred, and it is hoped that nearly five hundred 
have joined this year in Gloucester circuit I preached at Bel- 
lamy's chapel on Hebr. iii. 12, 13. it was an exceedingly cold day, 
but clear. We rode ten miles to John Ellis's, where we were 
comforted with kindness, and blessed for one short nights We 
rose early to go on our way, iind, behold, who should meet us but 
Bishop Coke, with a borrowed horse, and a large white boy ridiag 
behind him on the same horse. We halted, and then agreed.Jke 
should have brother M'Kendree's horse ; but up came John Ellis, 
and took the Doctor home» and brought him in a carriage to quar- 
terly meeting. We stood on our course, and by the time we- came 
:to Gloucester ferry, it blew a eterm of wind and rain : I had only 
to torn the chair back to the wind and sit wrapped up. After two 
hours we crossed the river and rode in haste to John Ellis's, seven 
miles. We drank, ate, prayed, and came on our way .* the day, to 
one in my state, was very uncomfortable. We rode thirty-two 
miles this day, and stopped at our dear brother Taylor's, in James- 
City. There are two very good meeting-houses built here since 



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- 1797.] REr. FRAKCI& ASBURT'S'JOVRWAL. 209 

I visited Hbese parts ; one in James-City, and the other in New- 
'Kent coQiity. 

' Saturday (8. 1 delivered a feehle discourse OD 1 Peter ii. 1 , 2. I 
observed on the tnaliee, for some real or supposed iDJury done ; 
' guile to hide malice until an opportunity for revenge offers. Hypo- 
crittB — gding beyond our attainments, professing what we do not 
practise, or not practising what we profess : envtoio at the ex- 
telleQces or happiness of others ; evil'Sjieaking^^M^ these arising 
tcwBCk the bad state of the heart : chiefly pride and self-love. 
Babes; not giving them strong food or medicines ; bah$i; stran- 
gers to malice by want of understanding— and not having a capacity 
for guile; strangers to hypocrisy ; no ideas of envy, not having 
speech to speak evil. Dr. Coke preached on Luke zii. 14. ^* For 
where your treasure is, there your heart is also.'' We spent a 
Bight at the widow Cowlej's. 

Monday 90. We rode thirty-one miles to brother Mooring's ; I 
had a thought never more to cross at old James-Towv. But we 
had a remarkable time after we had embarked : myself and Dr. 
'^Mke crtesing in a skiff, the horses atid carriage came in a large 
boat ; my bible, which was clothed and bound up in a handker- 
chief, was accidentally thrown into the river, but the bkck man 
shalched it up undamaged. The weather being damp, we 
rested. ' 

Tuesday 21. i wrote a small epistle to the oflScial memberai of 
Baltimore, and] another to Philadelphia, as also a short pathetic 
letter to my parents. We have rode little less &an four hundred 
■' miles in twenty days, and rested one. We had very damp wester. 

Wednesday 22, at brother Bellamy's. 

Thursday 23. I rode about thirty miles to Mr. Briggtf^, to see 
how the preachers would be accommodated, and where the confe* 
rence would be held : Mr. Briggs was willing to take eight op ten 
of the preachers, and gave the conference the offer of his hall to 
sit in. 

Friday 24. 1 visited my old friends, and wrote to Alexander Ma- 
ther. My route, which I only guessed at, is now fixed by Nor* 
folk, Portsmouth, Newbern, Kingston, Georgetown, and Charles* 
ton. Between five and six hundred miles in little more than a 
month ; sick or well, living or dead, my appointments go on. 
' Saturday 25. The conference began their sitting at Lane's 
ehapel. Aboiit sixty preachers were present : nine or ten had 
located ; and four or five Were ^added. Sabbath day two hours 
were spent in speaking of the circuits, and for souls. 



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300 HET. Fjuncis ASBimr^s jovrital. [17991 



Wednesday 29. At noon the conference rofe ; the hwiiieBs was 
conducted with despatch, and in mnch peace. I desired tlte divioe < 
of ^e conference concerning mj heahh : the answer was, that I 
should rest until the session of the conference to he held in Aprils 
in Virginia. . - 

Thursday SO. 1 travelled under much weakness of hody to 
Stith Parham's, at the High*hiU store. 

Friday, Decemher 1. I collected the small remains of streagtb I 
had, to read, and hear read my manuscript journal. It was wvit« 
ten in such haste that it was very incorrect. I visited Robert 
Jones's family, and on 

Sunday 3, we had a fiimily meeting : brother M'Kendree 
preached on feitb, hope, and charity : on faith to me, as I felt the 
need of its. exercise. 

Monday 4. We stopped one night at Matthew Davis's ; and the 
next at Ira Ellis's. Our time was taken up in journalizing ^ I 
came off twenty-five miles to Edward Dnimgold's : once or twice- 
I felt on my way thither as if the blood would lise into my mooth. 
I resolved to give up travelling this winter. Dr. Sims bled me ; and*'' 
there appeared an inflammatory buff on the top. OhV to rest-^tO * 
be idle and dependant — is painful : but if this is to make me per- 
fect, the will of the Lord be done ! I sent my papers to brother > 
Lee, who proceeds to Charleston ; also my plan and directions how 
to station the preachers, to brother Jackson. I believed that my 
going to Charleston this season, would end my life ; yet, ■ could I 
be persuaded it was the will of the Lord, I would go and preach^ 
I cannot bear the fatigue of riding thirty mites in a day.* lam 
much pressed to make my will, lest! should be surprised by deaths' 
my mind is greatly calmed and centred in God. i have weH con** 
sidered all the solemnities of death. ... 

Saturday 9, and Sunday 10. We sat melancholy in the.bouse-^ 
dumb Sabbaths ! Dr. Sims read me Mr. Wesley's sermoit upon 
the depth of the riches of the wisdom and of the knowledge of God. 

Monday 11. I was led to meditate on the same subject : ''By 
whom shall Jacob rise?" 1. Jacob, the church. 2. Rise to spiri* 
tual glory. 3. By whom- Jacob bath risen. 4. By whom the 
Church shall rise — it is a prophetic character of the Church. Jn^ 
cob^--see that man loved by his mother, hated by his brethren after 
the ileshi guarded against unlawful marriages, yet had two wives, 
rqpres^enting the Jewish and Gentile state of the Cborch. See hi^ 
afflictions and persecutions ; the danger of being extinct in bis fimn^ 
ly ; yet preserved, his children, his piety, his prayers. A type of 



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17^] RCr. FRANCE ASBUKy's JOURVAL. 301 

Cbri8t» and bis Church. Jacob rise ! rise, increase ior children', m 
faith, ia love, Id mercy, in justice, in truth, in zeal, in ministerid 
gifts, in faithful watchmen. By whom bath the church risen ? By 
Abel, by/ Enoch, by Noah, by Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, by Moses 
and Aaron, Joshua, and the elders that out lived Joshua, by Joel, 
by Ruib, by Obadiab, servant of Abab, by Micab, by Joash, by 
Jothan, Hezekiah, and his grandson Josiah ; and all the prophets ; 
by the great wrestling Jacob ; by Jesus and his apostles ; by faothful 
ministers in all ages, nations, and societies. We want knowledge to 
know, and time to mention their names. By whom shall Jacob 
rise ? God will pour out his Spirit in the last days on ministers 
and people, old men and maidens, young men and children ; minis- 
ters and members of his Church, magistrates and masters, parents 
and guardians. He is small : see all the liUle flock, the holy seed. 
All the weaknesses, all -the ' apostates and backsliders, all the want 
of justice, mercy, troth, and true religion ; these shall be replaced 
with opposite characters and grac«6 -^-M the vacancle? of mimsters 
and virtues shall be filled up, and more abundantly supplied ia 
sptKtual and heavenly glory. When all shall know the Lord, and 
be taught of the Lord, and all be righteous, and the knowledge of 
the Lord shall cover the earth, as the water doth all the deep 
places pf the earth and seas. But by whom shall Jacob rise ? I 
answer, by the wisdom, power, mercy, truth, love, and holiness of 
God) displayed in a glorious Gospel, i am sure Jacob shall rise 
by the merit, righteousness, and intercession of Jesus Christ. I 
answer again, by the operations of the eternal Spirit of God, in its 
coavincing, converting, and sanctifying influences, manifested by 
the calling and qualifying ministers for the work ; that thousands 
of ministers may go forth; and millions of souls may be brought- 
home by their instrumentality. 

Tuesday 12. Whilst taking a sober, contemplative ride for three 
hours, I conversed sweetly with God ; my mind and body were 
refreshed with a clear and cold day. I read a few chapters in the 
book of God. In the evening Mr. James Green Martin came to 
receive deacon's orders ;' he brought letters of consolation from 
Hicbard Whatcoat and Jesse Lee. ' Also the wishes of my dear 
brethren and sisters that watted to see me. 

' Wednesday 13. 1 felt a little better; I rode out, but it was not 
as comfortable a day as yesterday. The smallest exercise or ap* 
plication to study is too great for n>e. The doctor prononnoes my 
complaint to be debility. I have taken cider ivith ttaih put into it^ 
and fever powders, and must take more of the barks^ 



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302 RBTw rRAxlc]rs asbvry's jovrnal. [1707. 

Thunday 14. My mind is grieTefl with the old sore m ¥»rgttiia ; 
bat 1 must bear it |>atieotlj. One of our sisters asked' me if We 
would not rebaptise persons that desired it. This put me to tMnk- 
iog and revoking the subject in my mind. I considered that thiire 
was neither precept nor ezariaple in holy writ to justify onr re- 
baptisiog one who had been baptised in the name and form wbich 
Christ commanded in Matt. zRviii. 19. 

Friday 15. Was my well day ; I took some of the powders, 
had good nursing, and got rest. I only read the Bible and (be 
Form of Discipline. I write, ride, and talk a little with the wo- 
men, children, and Africans. My thoughts were led to meditate 
upon Timothy iv. 16. '< Take heed unto thyself, and unto thy doc- 
trine ; continue in them, for in doing this thou shalt both save thy- 
self and them that hear thee." 

I. ** Take heed to thyself," — in religion, as in nature, self-pre- 
servation is one of the first laws. Take heed that thy experience 
in religioti aud'doctritie be sound; that thou hast a good heart, 
and si good head, and a good life, and a good conversation, 
ministerial diligence and fidelity, in every part of Christiaa UMi 
pastoral duty. Saved already by grace, thou shalt be presenred 
from ail the snares set for th^ feet, and not backslide as a Christian 
minister, but feel persevering, sanctifying, glorifying, and crown- 
ing grace. 

II. Thou shalt '* save them that hear thee," from lukewarm- 
ness and backsliding ; legality on the one hand, and making void the 
law through faith on the other ; that they profess and possess, live 
and walk as it becometh the Gospel of Christ. 

III. *< Continue in them ;" in all the doctrines, ordinances, and 
duties of the Gospel ; the same Gospel, the same ordinances, the 
same duties which are designed to complete the work in the souls 
of ministers as Christians, are as needful to continue the work 'of 
grace as to begin it ; and not only continue, but to finish and bring 
bn the headstone with shouting. 

Saturday 16. I employed myself as much as my health would 
admit, in reading the Bible and writing such observations thereon 
as were suggested to my mind. 

Sunday 17. I had to keep house ; O dumb day ! I am better, 
yet it is not safe for me to go out such very cold weather. I read 
the Word of God (for my comfort) and preached. 

Monday 18. Very little done ; I wrote to Dr. Coke, advising 
against the British brethren going to law with the contentious 
party about their houses. 



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1797;] RSV. F&AHGX&ASBUfty*&JOUENAlM 303 

. Tuesday 19. I am in a more comfortable state of body and mind/ 
for which I feel thankful : I am taking the bark. 
. Wednesday 20. I felt mnch amended by the bark and rest It 
appears to have been the mount Moriah where Abraham essayed 
to offer up his Isaac, on which the temple of God was built up- 
wards of eight hundred years thereafter, and before the offering 
of Christ, nearly or upon the same spot, eight hundred and seventy- 
two : the types and prophecies are not small arguments for the 
truth of the Scriptures ; for fore-knowledge doth not belong to 
man ; he cannot tell, only by probable conjectures, any thing that 
will hefall himself, unless revealed by the spirit of prophecy. The 
prophecy made by the man of God, 1 Kings xiii. ; fulfilled by 
Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. : between the prophecy and fulfilment a pro- 
bable space of time of about three hundred and fiAy years, com- 
pletely accomplished in every punctilio, and the prophet's tomb 
and sleeping ashes taken notice of, the prophet's memory kept, 
svho died a witness to what he said, to seal the truth, and his sleep- 
ing bones lying there on the spot : what man, untaught by God, 
iriio knoweth all things, could come and foretell such events which 
should so surely cqme to pass, without. being taught and sent of 
God? 

. . Thursday 21^ Perhaps we may call this one of the coldest days 
of this winter ; I slept under two double-milled blankets, beside 
coverlids and sheets, but could not keep warm. This is the fifth 
season of cold weather we have had in Virginia since the first of 
November : we have had snow, but this is gone in a day ; this 
excepted, it is cold enough for the north. Strange life for me— to 
sit and burn myself by the fire, and to be nursed. I feel a small 
return of health. I hare been reading David's Psalms in Hebrew, 
and the book of Genesis in the English Bible. I could not but 
admire the provision made for the heathen nations, civil and bar- 
barous, by Abraham's second marriage, and by Ishmael and Esau's 
posterity : this attended to according to their names, as traced in 
the Universal History, we should not wondering ask, Where did 
this or that nation of people come from ? either Indians or Afri- 
cans. I cannot preach now, only to the family, and when a stran- 
ger cometh in. 

Friday 22* I rose in the morning in some fear lest I had or should 
say too much on slavery. I made choice of a verse, 1 Kings xxii. 
16. ** And the king said unto him. How many times shall I adjure 
thee thai thou tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of 
the Lord" or Jehovah. I have found relief by taking barks, in 



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304 Her. feakcis ASBuaT^s ^duftVAL. {tTdS. 

strength, in feeling, in breath, and in my breast, and have a hope 
of being raised np once more. 

Saturday 23. Extremely cold. 1 am closely confined in Wtf 
room, bot could neither read nor write. -^ 

Sunday 24. It is exceedingly cold still. The pain in my brearil 
is returned ; I fear it is immoveably fixed more or less until dea&k 
Lord, thy will be done ! Wearisome days are appointed for me* 
Brother Drumgold came in the evening of Christmas day : I -am 
cheered with company and with Christ also. I feel as if the 
coming year would be marked with displays of divine power upon 
the souls of men to whoever may live to see it. 

Tuesday 26. We had open weather and rain. I am so much 
better in health that confinement is as trying to me as hard labour. 
I hope, if it pleaseth my God, I shall have health to be of some 
service to mankind yet. Ah ! what is life, and all this doll round, 
but for God and souls ! 

' Wednesday 27. A falling of snow-^very cold. 1 have taken the 
bark ; this is the ninth day, and I am strengthened ; but the wine 
in the smallest portions makes me feverish, and it is astringcMb 
I feel need of great patience, prayer, and fai^. 

Thursday 28. We had hard frost and snow. I am thankful it 
is rest time with the poor blacks, or many might be frozen to 
death. Ungrateful man that I am, how am I favoured above 
millions! 

Fnday 29. Extremely cold. Mrs. Selby desired to see me, bad 
riding as it was through the snow and ice. I am mending. I 
prayed for health, and had faith to believe I should recover. I 
thought if God would spare me I was willing to labour and sufier 
out my days ; but the thoughts of being useless is most distresriog 
to an active, benevolent mind. 

Saturday 29. I felt weakness of body and dejection of mind, anS 
sometimes I am brought to think of requesting, as Elijah and Jonah 
did, that I may die. I cannot pray in the family without injury, 
wherefore should I request to live ? Oh ! my God, thy will be 
done in all things — mine in nothing, but as it pleaseth thee ! 

Sunday 30. We had a meeting at my lodging. 

Monday, January 1, 1798. Several local brethren were present 
— Drumgold, Lane, Moore, Smith, and Phillips. The brethren 
were lively in religion. I am now taking an extraordinary diet — 
drink made of one quart of hard cider, one hundred nails, a hand- 
ful of black snakeroot, one handful of fennel seed, and one handful 
of wormwood, boiled from a quart to a pint, taking one wine glass 



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0A ew^Tf m^nniiS^ niseor tea ^njj^y- using no biiKejr, or milk, 
or meat ; it will make the stomach very sick, and ia a few da^FS 
j^orge the ^pfitieiit well. 1 was better ia ray fe^ngs than I have 
been since I hare been taken ill ; but I must flee conversation, gi^ief, 
fUMliCare, with deep and close thinking and composition^ 1 made a 
tiaall meditation on being free from the ceremonial law* Polyga* 
pty^ slavery, and such like, were never commanded under this 
dispensation, but .only tolerated ; and accompanied by strict ii^onc^ 
tions to prevent men from running to greater lengths in these prac- 
tices, as may be seen in JEIxodus xxL Leviticus xxv. Deuterono- 
my xxiv. Polygamy was allowed to prevent genersd whoredom* 
Servitude was regulated to prevent slavery and oppression, death, 
and loss of limbs. If aoy had asked the Lord on the subject ojT 
«lavery» as oo polygamy, he must have said, Moses, as a man, sufr 
fered this, a less evil, to prevent a greater ; but it was not so from 
the begiBning of the creati<?n : it is the fall which hath dpne this, 
aat a holy God. It is man's work, of two evils, to choose the 
least. Bat God is not tempted of us to evil, neither tempteth be 
ai;^inan. Christians, of two evils, should not choose or use either 
if they would be like God. 

* . Tuesday 2. , Now I am brought to the second day of the new 
year— the last hath been a year of great afSiction. I may have 
travelled about three thousand miles, and have been confimed with 
affliction and weakness six months, adding the single days 1 have 
stopped, as well as weeks. In April last I had very little expecta- 
tion of living until this day. I am now under the exercise to de- 
sire life, that I may see the connexion better orp&ized, and be 
more personally useful. 
^ . Wednesday 3. This is a cloudy day ; it is probably snowing 
north or west. I have a better appetite for ! food : my mind is 
greatly agitated at times ; but patience shall have its perfect wprk.. 
I pray, and sometimes I wind and pick a little cotton, and read and 
write about one hour in the day ; but Christ is all ! I cannot be 
ipactive : the hardest work I have to do, is to do nothing. 

Thursday 4. A proper day for rain ! Last evening 1 had a very 
high fever ; but I am as usual to-day, I read my Bible, and se- 
lected those texts which struck my mind, that if. ever I should 
preach again I may use. Joseph said, I fear God ; Nehemiah 
said, he could not oppress the people as other governors had done, 
because of the fear of God. FearofGod^ in seekers, in believers, 
and in those who are sanctified: and the motives to the fear of 
God. First, He is holy ; Secondly, He is wise ; Thirdly, He is just ; 
Vol. H. 39 



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306 SiBV. FAAKC2S ASBUftV^S lOVllMAL. ' * {l7$S. 

foartbfy, H& is poweifiil : — If holy, lie botb do sia ; if wite, he 
kooireth when we sin ; if he is jost, he miMt puusli sin ; aad he 
hath power to punish it: — a man may be wtse, bat mot all^nntt; m 
man may be jnst* bat not ii^nite injustice : thus ma» may be holy» 
bat not holy as Grod : man may be wanting in wisdom, in power, ia 
holiness, and in justice. In some cases it may not be man's duly 
to punish, nor in his power — ^not so with Jehovsh. Who will not 
fear him according to his attributes, and according to bis word of 
threatened vengeance ? 

Friday 5. The rain is over ; the clouds scattered and gone ; 
and nature smileth again. I only mourn the oppression I cannot 
remove. 

Saturday 6. We have open and pleasant weather. It may be 
that many have overlooked the prophecies of Jacob in Genesis 
xlix. We ibay look for the fulfilment nearly fourteen hundred 
years aAer, in the coming of Christ ; and about one thousand years 
after, we shall see in Jeremiah, and Daniel, what Jacob farther re« 
ferred to. It appears that it was the wish of Jacob, that his young*- 
est but one, Joseph, should have the birthright, which Reobeovhis 
first-born, had lost by his unnatural incest in defiling his father's 
bed. Simeon and Levi--^we cannot tell whether they had a bless- 
ing or a curse for their zeal against folly in Israel ; they punisiied , 
whoredom with cruel murder, and yet we see how Levi's zeal 
wrought in the case of Cozbi : and the Lord confirmed the priest- 
hood by special grant to him. Joseph^s prophecy concerning the 
Israelites' 4xodui from Egypt was not fulfilled for upwards df tbrecr 
hundred years thereafter. It'seemeth that Jacob wished (but Je- 
hovah willed not) that Jose)[>h, and not Judah, should be the ruler, 
and from him should come the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel, the 
promised Messiah : see this 1 Chron. v. 

Sabbath 7. My mind is serene and happy. I was comforted in 
seeing one of the travelling preachers. The physic I have been 
taking operatelh well. O that I may not iatter or elate myself! 
I can only promise to be more faithful if I have more grace. 

Monday 8. I wrote a long letter to John Dickens upon the man« 
ner of expediting his books to the distant parts, viz. the Journak, 
Sermons, Saints' Rests, Patterns, Hymn-Books ; and that the Mi^- 
zine should be our grand circulating medium ; only let us haive 
more American Lives and Letters. 

Tuesday 9. The weather is temperate: my mind is much 
pained. Oh! to be dependant on slave-holders is in part to be a 
slave, and I was free born. I am brought to conclude that slavery 



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ITdS.] RBr« FRANCIS AIQVAX'jS J0VRN.4L. 307 

irtii etistia Vkgifita jmrhai^ for ages ; there is not .a suffident 
4|0D8e of reli|;iim nor of liberty to d^troj it ;^ Methodi8t8» Baptists* 
Fresb^teriaosv in the highest fliglits of rapturous pietjS' still main- 
tain and defend it. I jndge in after ages it will be so that poor 
mem and free men will not live among slare^holder^, but will go to 
tiew lands : they only who are coQcemed in, and di^pendant. on 
tkem will stay in old Vij^nia. 

Wednesday 10. I have some peace and some pain of heart. 

Thursday 1 1 . My mind is exceedingly agitated on my peculiar 
situation : I feel each day, like a day or. year to me, as it is well or 
ill employed. Ebenezar academy is under poor regulations ; and 
what is more than all, some gentlemen of Brunswick couo^ had 
the confidence and want of propriety to wish to wrest it wholly 
out of our hands, after we had collected so much money to 
build it. 

, Friday 12. My mind still in pain. I read a chapter each day, 
and take down those verses that appear to me the most select, and 
which I have never used before in preaching ; they may be of use 
.if.ev^ I should serve the sanctuary ag^n^ I have read Kempis 
and Ybiikogi 

Saturday 13. I finished three feeble letters,' to Nelson Reed, 
Hepry Willis, and John Harper. I cannot read or write long 
together. I windbroaches ofcotton for diversion, and recreation ^ 
I will not be idle. The class met at my lod^ng ; and I ventured 
to give a smaH eihortation and a prayer. 

Sunday 14. I am still confined ; I must try emetic, tartar^ kill or 
cure. There is preaching at the chapel, a mile and a half distant, 
but the weather is- such that I casinot go with safety. The invete- 
racy of my fever was such, that on Mpnday 15 1 was fully rer 
solved to take three grains of tartar emetic^ which operated pow- 
erfoUy and brought off a proper portion of bile : in this, I hope 
for a cure. I must commend the old practice after all ; no anti* 
billipus pill will answer as well in my case and many others. 

Tuesday 16. I read a letter and wrote a letter. 

Wednesday 17. I am weak in body, but some better $ I read, 
wrotOt and wrought in windii^ cotton^ as I could jnot be idle and 
wholly inactive. 

Thursday 18. I went from the place where I had stayed six 
weeks, and had received every mark of affection, to brother 
Drumgoold's, ten miles. Ifelt at home hete also. 

Friday 19. My fever was light last night ; but this day I am un- 
cOQ^ortable. 



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308 REV* FAANCIJt ASBC&t'S, JdURNAt.. IlfSS. 

SatardaySO. Very tmweU. lamstraiigely broogbtdaifa; Lord^. 
let me suffer with patience ; |hy will be done ! I could not do any 
thiog at my books ; bat that I might aot be wholly idle, I woaad 
cotton broaches among the children. 

Sunday 21. 1 sat at home reading a little. Mondays I am better ; 
my fever is greatly broken. 1 can only write, and meditate about 
an hour in a day. I must have some exercise, if it is only wo*- 
men's work. 

Tuesday 22* We had news from the assembly, that the Ame- 
rican ambassadors were r^ected at Paris. A report preTails that 
the French were about to invade England with one hundred and 
fifty thousand men. The British can raise two hundred thousand 
mihtia, and two hundred thousand regulars ; there ma^ yet be 
most desperate times--wocse than in Julius Cesar's day. -My 
mind is in peace. We have wirUerly weather ; m^iKre snow after 
much rain this day : fhaok God I have where to lay my head, a 
little reading and winding of cotton that I may not be quite idle. 

We'dnesday 23. Nothing of moment except a few thoughts fyf 
Eb^nezer school. 

. Thursday. 24. 1 employed myself in winding cotton; I cannot 
think, long, read, or write. . Rebecca Drumgoold reads for me out 
of Watts, Alleine, and Baxter's Works. 1 am much tried : the 
weather is so cold that I must keep in the bouse. 

Friday 25. Was a gloomy moroiiitg to me : nothing hvA the 
thoughts of death agitated my mind. It oppresses my heart to. 
think that I live upon others and am useless, and that I mi^ 
die by inches. 

Sunday 27. A solitary day to me^ neither preaching, reading^, 
writing, nor conversing. , 

Monday 28. 1 was employed in revising my journal. I am like 
Mr. Wbitefield, who being presented with one of his extempore 
sermons taken in sbor^ hand^ could not bear to 6ee his own fiice. I 
doubt whether my journals yet remaining will appear until aftertny 
death ; I could send. them to England and get a price for them ; but 
money is not my object. 

Tuesday 29. I was employjed in explaining my manuscript ; but 
am afraid of intense application. 

Wednesday 30. Still engaged in revising my journal. 

Thursday 31. 1 rode to Owen's, seven miles, and heard brother 

Wbatcoat on the *^ end of the commandment." I had been kept 

back so long that 1 was constrained to spend about forty minutes 

in glossing on the epistle to the angel of the church of Ephesus ; 



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179^.] R&v. FRiircis iLSBuAY^s- jotmNAL. 309 

I ihen commeiited od what law Paul mcMt have alluded to to 1 
Tim. i. 9. 

. Menday 4. I took four grains of tartar emetic, and had a large, 
• bitter return. 

, Tuesday 6. My fever was very light last night, i received a 
most loving letter from the Cbarieslon conference ; there is great 
peace and good prospects there I hope to be able to move nei^t 
week. I have well considered my journal — it is inelegant ; yet it 
conveys much information of the state of religion and country. It 
is well suited to common readers ; the wise need it not. 1 have a 
desire that my journals should be published, at least after my death, 
if not before. 1 make no doubt but others have Moured: but in 
England, Scotland, and Ireland, and those kingdoms which have been 
civilized and improved one thousand years, and which are under 
such improvements, no ministers could have s^ered in those days, 
and in tiiose countries, as in America, the most ancient parts of 
which have not been settled two hundred years. Some parts not 
forty, others not thirty, twenty, nor ten, and some not five years. 
I have frequently skimmed along the frontiers, for four and five 
hundred miles, from Kentucky to Green Brier, on the very edge of 
the wilderness ; and thence along Tigers Valley, to Clarksburgb on 
the Ohio. These places, if not the haunts of savage men, yet 
abound with wild beasts. I am only known by • name to many of 
our people, and some of our local preachers ; and unless the people 
were all together, they could not tell what I have had to cope with* 
I make no doubt the Methodists are, and will be, a numerous, and 
wealthy people, and their preachers who follow us will not know 
OUT/ struggles but by comparing the present improved state of the 
country with what it was in our days, as exhibited in my journal 
and other records of that day. 

Wednesday 6. Rain and snow ; I am n poor prisoner.* Thurs* 
day 7. We made a visit to Matthew Myreck's, and returned. 

Friday 8.^ It is very cold weather: I was glad to keep close 
occupied in reviewbg my journal, and writing a few letters. This 
is a sickly time. 

Sabbath 10. I. did not preach — I cannot attend these .meeting- 
houses, they are only calculated for summer, or good health. 1 
have hopes of being useful once more. My mind at times is under 
strong temptations : I cannot bear confinement. Mrs. --— ^ hath 
told some persons that she is convinced, by my means, that slavery 
is sinful. I would say, if so, move heaven with your prayers, and 



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310 ABir. FEAVCIS ASSVET's JOVRlTiJ.. [1798. 



eartii irith yovr cmmmA and solkitatiMt ; and iieTer rest 191 abb- 
rerj is expelled from die plantation. 

Bfondajr 11. I bad appointed to meet tiie tmtteea of Ebeneier 
academy, at brother H<^'8, on the north side of the Mehernn. 
iiter some conrenation they willin^y agreed to address the con- 
ference in behalf of Ebenezer academy fiw an annaai sabocr^OB^ 
to make provision for a man at aboot one hundred ponnds a yeart 
who shall keep an English school nnderoor rules, with the warship 
and the word of God. 

Toesday 12. I rode to brother Pelham's ; here I was al home. 
I spent my time with the women and children, in winding cottmii 
and hearing them read. My sool was moch blessed. 

Tbnnday 14. The weather is cool and changeable. By lelten 
from the north I find that the book-interest is upon a good fiM>ti^g| 
the fand-interest well secsred* and great peace reigns amongst tbs 
preachers. 

Friday 16. There fell a heavy snow from six to mne and Iwelre 
iaebes deep. I had to keep honse. I had bat little to say bat what 
would call for weeping, lamentations, and wo. I was a little reatt? 
ated by hearing Betsy and Nancy Pelham read Doddri4ge's Sermons 
to Young People. 

Saturday 16, and Sabbath 17. Clear, but cold, and much snow* 
When I get sick and dispirited, I think, was 1 not a bishop, and 
required by duty, and necessity, and conscience, to do the best I can, 
I would rather go into some line of business to get n^y own liriiig, 
and not lounge about. 1 feel for those who bare had to groan out 
a wretched life dependant on others — as Peddicord, Gill, Tunnell, 
and others whose names I do not new recollect ; but their names 
are written in the book of life, and their souls are in the glory of 
God. I reflected with pain, that we had never reprinted, m Ame" 
rica, the life, labours, travels, and sufferings of that great man of 
God, David Brainard, of gracious menK>ry ; it would be a book 
well fitted for our poor, painftil, and faithful missiofiaries — none 
but God and themselves know what they suffer ; the minutes «f 
which for one week might fill a volume written by an ingenioai 
pen, and feeliug heart The last week I spent in some pain of 
mind, patience and prayer. It being meeting day at my lodgiogs^ 
1 gave an exhortation to the congregation, having three subjects io 
view ; First, The excellency of the religion of Jesus : Secondly* 
The way to come at the knowledge of the hearts of men and women 
—namely^ by their actions : Thirdly, To put no confidence in frames 



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2998:] n%f. 9%Aficis ASBimr^s jonui ai; 3 ft 

a^d feelingSy whilst p^ple are li?iiig io wiHbl •», of the neglect of 
plain, known daty. 

Sabbath day 24. It is saeh cloudy weather F cannot go out : I 
wind cotton, hear the children read, and teach them a Ktde gram- 
mar. I have, by the help of a tcrihe, marked the states I haTO 
tFttrelled throngh forthese twenty years ; but the morements are 
80 qoiek (travelling night and day) it seems that the notes npon 
two or three hundred miles are only-like a parish and a day*«oii 
paper. The understanding reader that could ju^ the distanoe, 
would see that I purpose to have the names of the people at 
whose houses I have preached, or the journal will appear Utopian; 

March 3. I can only make a few weak observations. What' 
fittle pen-work I dare do has been in writing a letter to York. I 
shall only journalize a Kttle, and never enter deeply into ray other 
iubjects. I scorn to be idle.; the past week hath been spent in the 
cotton work with my fingers, and in hearing the children read, and 
Instructing them in the English grammar. I have thought, if we 
do wrong we rank among the vilest of the vile, as having been 
nere favoured than any others. Many other churches go upon 
the paths already trodden two or three hundred years. We 
formed our own church, and claim the power of a reform every 
four ye^rs. We can make more extensive observations, because 
our preachers in six or seven years can go through the whole 
continent, and see the state of other churches in all parts of mis 
new world. We, of the travelling nunisterg, who have nothing to 
mind but the Gospel and the church of God, may and ought to be 
very useful. ♦ • 

Monday 4, I class among my weeping da3's. 

I' have rested at the comfortable house of my dear friend j Peter 
Pelham, from February 9 tHl March 9, on which 'day we rode 
Oirough the heat to Hobland Saunders's, and on Saturday 10, to 
£benezer meeting-house, formerly Merritt's chapel. I met a few 
local brethren ; the house was open, and the day warm. I was 
soon outdone, and sunk into dejection ; the pain returned in my 
breast, and a discharge of blood took place. ' 

Sunday 11. I sat alone at brother Merritt's house, it was ex- 
pected } should preach — but Ah, wo is me, to be cut off from the 
happy service of the sanctuary through weakness of body ! O 
Lord, show me wherefore thou contendest with me! I was 
concerned to bring in hetter order among the local line of the 
ministry, by classing them together, and then, being thus classed, 
by making them take regular stations on Sabbath days. I also 



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312 A£nr. FRAircfS ASBtnaY'^ iovRirA£. [1798. 

appoifited them a leader, to meet OBce in three or six moittfaBy to 
discourse about their sotils and families, and the congreg^tioa and 
society they attend. 

I am now alone with God the Lord, my only hope ! In conse* 
quence of riding twenty-fire miles, a bad road, and sitting abont 
three hours in conference with thfe locs^ brethren, in an open 
hoQse, I am qnite overcome. It shows that the main spring in my 
System is broken or much weakened, so that every feeble attempt 
I make to do any small sjarvice to the church is very bordensome- 
to myself, and will always give grief and disappointment Xo my 
friends,^ to my dearest and best brethren. 

Sunday 18. I have visited foor families in Brunswick, and three 
in Dinwiddle counties. On Saturday I had a close cofiversation 
with some of our local ministry : we had great union. I was. led 
to inquire of them the state of their own souls, and the standing of 
the societies and congregations they attended, and .advised them to 
meet in a conference class once in three months, and deal iftuth- 
fully with each other, and^ plan their work. We were happy, to 
find seven out of ten jvere not in the spirit or practice of slavety* 
I have made out since Friday week to ride about sixiy-five miles, 
and to meet as many of the local brethren as 1 could call together 
from Brunswick and Amelia counties. I have in general eii|oyed 
peace of mind, and better health of body, than heretofore. I re^. 
ce^ed a letter from the- African preacher and society in Philadel- 
phia, giving me an account of the revival of th^ work of God in 
the congregation of the Methodists in the city, amongst both white 
and black. - 

Sunday 25. Since the last sacred day, I have visited seven fa- 
milies. A friend of mine was inquisitive of my trade and appren- 
ttceship-^as Mr. ^lendenning had reported ; as he asked me so 
plainly, I told him that 1' counted it no reproach to have be^ 
taught to get my own living. My health is somewhat better. I 
am yet unable to read or write largely ; 1 can pray and praise the 
Lord a little. I assisted Pbilip Sands to draw up an agreelnentfoe 
our officiary to sign against slavery : thus we may know the real 
sentiments of our local preachers. It appears to me, that we can 
never fully reform the people, until we reforro'tbe preachers ; and 
that hitherto, except purging the travelling cont^exion^ we have- 
been working at the wrong end. But if it be lawful fi^r local 
preachers to hold slaves, th^ it is lawful for travelling preachers 
ahio ; and they may keep plantations and dveraeers upon their 
quarters : but this reproach of inconsistency must be irollediiwaj. 



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1798.] rev; FEisrms AravRT's JouRVAi. 3 IS 

Sonue of our locid preachers complain that they have not a seat in 
the general annual conference. We answer, if tbey will do the 
doty of a member of the yearly conference, they may have the 
seat and prif ilege of the travelling line. The travelling ministry 
may complain, We orast go at a mioQte's'waming to our circuits, far 
and near ; and attend with the greatest strictness to our appoint- 
ments and societies. The local preachers go where and when they 
please ; can preach any where and no where ; they can keep plan- 
tations and slaves, and have them bought or given by their parents. 
The local preachers can receive fifty or a hundred dollars per 
year, for marriages ; and we travellers, if we receive a few dol- 
lars for marriages, we must return 'them at the conference, or be 
^led refractory or^ disobedient. Let us not have the grace of our 
Lord Jesus Christ with respect of persons in ministers, any more 
than in members — in local preachers, any more than travelling 
ones. I have 4oBe great things this week — I have rod« nearly 
sixty miles. I heard brother Ira 'Ellis, on the second epistle 
of John, verse S. *' Look to yourselves, that ye lose not the 
things ye have wrought ; but that ye receive a full reward." 
Great need there is, in this degenerate day and place, for ministers 
and people to look to themselves. ^ 

Monday, April 2. I visited a local preacher, and gave him a 
plain and patient talk upon slavery 

Tuesday 3. i attended a sermon and sacrament at brother 
Pelham's. 

Wednesday 4. Rode Bfteen miles to brother Saunders's. 

Thursday 5. Attended a sermon and sacrament, and gavea«hort 
exhortation on the purity of tbe communion. We rode fifteen 
miies after meeting to brother Drumgoold's ; rested Friday. Sa» 
tarday we rode eight miles to brother Owens's : brother Whatcoat 
gave us an excellent discourse on *' He shall feed his fltfck like a 
shepherd :" we had two exhortations ; mine was feeble. We had 
a meeting with the local preachers. I returned to brother Drum- 
goeld's the same day. I feel that a little application to thought 
and bodily exercise is too mucl{ for me. 

Saturday 7. i was once more privileged to sit in a serious as- 
sembly, at Edward Drumgoold's chapel : I also ascended the sa* 
cred stand after brother Whatcoat had given us a very plain, valo* 
able, and useful sermon, properly heard, upon Acts xiv. 58 — 41. 
I ventured to give a gloss upon Acts ii. 40. 

^Sabbath 8. The last week was memorable for a prodigious fall- 
ing of rain from Monday to Saturday. 1 rode, with great weaknoM* 

Vol. IL 40 



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314 mi v. FRANCIS ASBVKY'S JOVRNAIrfk [17M* 

to my dear brother Seward's, seirenteea miles^ and od Saiitrday to 
Salem, for conference. Sabbath we had an open time. 

Mondaj 9. We began conference, and ended on Wednesday 
eFcniog : we had three public days. The peace and union of the 
conference was apparently great : I was assisted to attend. 

Thursday 13. Rode twenty-fife miles ; the roads.very deep and 
much broken ; we stopped at brother Paop's. I am bnt feeble stilly 
and cannot stand labour as in past days. I have travelled since 1 left 
brother Drumgoold's sixty-five miles. 

Friday 14. We came the road to Harper's bridge, over Notta- 
way-River, fifteen miles, to brother Robinson's, in Dinwiddie 
county: this being a by-way the path was smooth. 1 have en- 
tered upon a tour of two thousand miles before I may probably 
see this part of the land again. Oh ! can I perform such a toil ? 
Weakness of body maketh me feel great iieaviness of mind. I most 
think, speak, writte, and preach a little ; or I may as well gtve op 
my station. 

Saturday 15. We rode to Henry Reese's ; we have proper 
March weather in April. . ^» ,. 

Sabbath 16. I attempted a feeble discourse on 2 Peter iii. li. 
" Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner 
of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness.'^ 
We had a large congregation : our brethren, Dyer, White, and Ro* 
per, were ordained deacons. I appointed my dear aged, and faith- 
ful brother Whatcoat to visit the four districts belonging to the Vir- 
ginia conference, and wrote my apology as not being able to ride 
on horseback as heretofore. Notwithstanding my bowels were 
afflicted and much affected we left l^rother Henty Reese's, smd rode 
through dust and deep cot roads thirty miles to Petersburg. I en* 
deavoqred to commune with God, but i had great sinkings of heart. 

Monday 17. 1 preached at Petersburg very feebly on 2 Peter 
iii. 17, 18. 

Tuesday 18. There was a severe frost. We then rode to Rich- 
mond : I was very unwetl. I went to the court-house and made 
my apology for inability. 

Wednesday 19. Being so unwell and crowded with company, I 
found it best once more to try for Baltimore :' we came only forty 
miles to Lyon's, in Caroliae county. 

Thursday 20. We had a gentle ride to Todd's tavern. 

Friday 21. We crossed the new bridge at Falmooth, and came 
to Stafford court-house to dine, and thence to Ward's at night-*thir- 
ty-five miles. 



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1708.] lu^. pnAVcis asbvry's jovrval. 315 

Saturday ftft. We <;a«ie to' Colcbester to dine, and to Willi«9a 
AdamB's at niflit» thirty miles. The roads were nearly as bad as 
ID winter, and amazmgly piouglied up with frost and using. The 
prospects for small grain are bad. We met with a powerful storm, 
bat my carriage kept me dry, and my cloak defended brother 
George from damage. This has been a changeable day ; heat, 
wind, rain, and the yast fatigue of bad roads, deep gullies, heavy 
mire, roots, and hills, bore hard upon me. I heard of brofbar 
Watters's preaching at the Fall church, a faithful funeral sermon. 

Martlamo. — Monday 24. We reached Turner's, and made a 
rapid ride to the city of Baltimore. I visited until the Sabbati|. 
April 29, they would publish for me at Old-Town meeting-house. 
I made an attempt on Psalm cxKxii. 9* '* Let thy priests be clothed 
with righteousDlf^s, and let thy saints shout for joy*" I went to 
the Point and heard a sermon on ^* Speak evil of no man." I 
g^ve a short exhortation, and came home much more comfortable 
than i expected. Our beautiful house is not ready yet : I fear, I 
trenftbte in imagination, lest it should have more temporal than spi- 
rit«al glory. 

Wednesday, May 2, Oar conference began : it was half-yearly^ 
to bring on an equality by the change from fall to spring. We 
had to correct the many ofiences given at many conferences to one 
particular man i I pleased myself with the idea that 1 was out of 
the quarrel : but no ! I was deeper in than ever, and never was 
wounded in so deep a manner ; it was as much as I could bear : I 
cannot stand such strokes. 

Sabbath 9. We opened the new house : brothers Lee, Bruce, 
and Forest preached. Monday and Tuesday 1 visited brother 
Willis. 

Wednesday 12. I attended the public fast : my sul^ect was ** So 
the Lord was entreated for the land." I observed — 1. That there 
were special times and seasons in which it becomes our duty, in a 
most special manner, to entreat the Lord for the church and t^e 
land. 2. Who they are who ought to be assembled — every order, 
the elders and people at large ; sanctified — that is, set apart from 
labour and common service*— the bride and bridegroom, the chil* 
dren, the infant offspring. 3. Who shall intercede-— the priests, 
the ministers of the Lord : again, if my people which are called 
by my name shall bumble themselves. 4. The special seasons- 
calamities threatened by God or man, feared or felt, such as 
sword, famine, or pestilence. 5. How we should entreat the Lord-«^ . 
with ^sting, prayer, reading, and preaching the word of God; 



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316 AEr. FRANCIS asbixry's jovrvml, [17981 

eoniBSBing our sins and sorrows, and ackfiowledging his metckes^ 
The cifiamities of the church : idolatry, division, superstition, and 
backsliding. 6. The happy consequences of God being entreated — 
he heareth and answeretb, in temporal, and spiritual, and in eter- 
nal blessings. 

Sunday 16. I had to go upon my watch-tower. My subject 
in our temple was 1 Kings ix. 6-*-9. It was observed on the first 
htwA of the discourse, What the pious Israelites bad professed, 
experienced, and practis<ed, namely, the knowledge, worship, ordi- 
nances, and service of the true and glorious Jehovah— they and 
their godly children had an experience of convicting, coovertiogv 
and sanctifying grace through a promised Messiah ; and had pardon 
of sin, and peace with God. Israelites indeed— enjoying the love 
of God, and walking in loving, living obedience t9 ail' the knows 
commandments of God. Secondly, How they might partially re- 
turn from following the Lord : and, again, how they might wholly 
depart from God. Thirdly, The dreadful consequences. In this 
discourse the parallel was drawn, and a close application made, to 
the rising generation : some sentiments were expressed upoff the 
burning of the former house ; the probabilities of the latter house 
also being destroyed, unless defended by the Almighty. At the 
Point I spoke on the epistle to the angel of the church of Perga- 
mos — I was thankful that my strength was so great. Our coi^re- 
gations were large and seriously attentive. 

Saturday 22. We rode to Perry-Hall, and continued there until 
the twenty-sixth of the same month. 1 was not employed. Bro^ 
tfaers Bruce and Harper attending me, we read over my transcribed 
numbers of the Journal. A situation so healthy imd agreeable 
had a good influence upon my body and mind ; and the kindness 
and company of the elders of this house were charming and 
cheering. 

Wednesday 26. We rode about twenty miles to peer-Creek. 
I was pleased to find here mother Watters^ aged ninety ; her son 
Henry, siity ; and brother Billy Watters and his wife from Virginia. 
But, O, how many are dead ! And some have fled to the woods, 
Rnd some gone back to the world. The society is. all gone that we 
bad formed here more than twenty years back. A most serious 
aspect in sight — the fly hath eaten up the grain of the fields. My 
vegetable diet hath its salutary influence upon my system, much 
more so than medicine. Gould 1 rest this summer, there would 
be hope of my health ; but I must move and live upon mercy, 
providence, and gi^e. Poor Deer-Creek ! the preachers liave 



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179^,] nev. FRivcis asburt's j6urbfal. 317 

left the place for wapt of hearers ; but I had many — and an open- 
ing OD Romans viii. 26. I saw a few who had followed the Lord 
more than twenty years ago ; they have halted — but I trust they 
will set out anew. I felt life, and some enlargement upon it ; it 
was a comfortable day. 

Monday 31. 1 rested on account of rain. 

Tuesday, J^ne 1. We came to NorthrEast. Wednesday, We 
were at'Hersay's. Thursday, We came to Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. Friday, i preached on Luke xxi. 34—36. Saturday, We 
rode to Philadelphia. 

Pennsitlvania. — Sunday. I enlarged on Galatians ii. 20* It 
was observed. That Christ cruci6ed was the grand subject : next, 
in continuance, the being crucified with Christ. Secondly, *' I live ; 
yet not I, but Christ Hveth in me" — in communicated grace and 
life, as ministftrs and Christians : to live by faiths as v^ell as to be 
^ved by faith. Lovtd me, is the feeling experience of gracious 
souls. 1 received the probable news of the near approach to, or 
death of my father. 1 wrote several letters ; and feel abundantly 
^4ietter in my body. 

Our conference began on Tuesday^ and we were closely confined 
until Saturday. 

Sabbath 10. I preached on Matt. xxiv. 45' — 47. 

We had close work, but good tempers abounded, and just rnea* 
fiures were pursued. I made an attempt to ride to Germ^ntowo, 
but returned ; and it was well 1 did, for i had no sooner discharged 
the fragments of the conference business, and the stationing of the 
preachers, than the affairs of the society came in sight respect- 
ing the city. I have my difficulties with the government of the 
preachers ; but I have some trouble with the city societies : they 
wish to have the connexion drafted, and some of the most accept- 
able preachers to serve them. 1 made all haste to leave the city, 
but not until I had met the trustees of the church. 

Monday 11. Was not an agreeable morning: we had some 
rain. 

1 had a meeting with the trustees. It was granted we should 
raise a fund, by subscription, to finish tbe meeting-house in Fourth- 
street. *y ^ 

Nuw-Jersey. — I then came on to Burlington, where preaching 
being appointed for me, I ventured out at eight o'clock in the eve- 
ning, that my commission might not totally expire in this place. 
My subject was Psalm i^xvii. 3. I had an opening on the text, and 
some consolation in my own mind. 



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tMH RCT. fRAKGIS ASftV&T's JOUKITAL. ^1796. 

Tuesday 12. We came to Cromwieks : there were rerj few at 
four o'clock ; as it was tboogbt it would be most agreeable for me 
to preach, I made choice of Psalm irrii. 6, 7. my state of mind was 
serene. Universal natare is beaotiftil at this season. I feel the 
want of a ferrent, constant, holy flame, snch 9» has been foond in 
the hearts of martyred saints, and favonred soals. 

Wednesday 13. We came to Hotchinson^s ; and on Thursday to 
Brunswick ; where I bore my feeble testimony, and drew up a 
subscription for the purchase of a house for divine worship. On 
Friday we came to Elizabethtown ; and on Saturday 16th to New- 
York : here I received the serious confirmation of the death of my 
father, aged eigbty*four or eighty-fire. 

New'York. — Sunday 7. I preached in the new church on 
Eccles. i. 1. At the old church, in John-street, my text was 
1 Pet. ir. 10. *' As good stewards of the manifold grace of God." 
I now feel myself an orphan with respect to my father ; wounded 
memory recalls to mind what took place when I parted with him, 
nearly twenty-seven years next September — from a man that 
seldom, if ever, I saw weep, when I came to America, over^ 
whelmed with tears, with grief, he cried out, '* i shall never see 
him again !'' — thus by prophecy or by Providence, he hath spoken 
what is fulfilled. For about thirty-nine years my father hath had 
the Gpspel preached in his house. The particulars of his death 
are not yet come to hand. I employed the remaining part of this 
week in visiting, reading, writing, attending preaching and love- 
feast. Brothers Lee and Wells were officiating ministers — myself 
a hearer. 

Sunday 24. f preached in John-street church, from Job xvii. 9. - 
«* The righteous also shall hold on his way : and he that hath clean 
hands shall be stronger and stronger." After tracing the origra of 
the land of Uz, as to be seen in the genealogy of Nahor^ his son 
Huz ; taking H as a prefix in Hebrew — ^as an article, the uz. In 
the genealogy of Esau we find Job's friends as princes and pious 
philosophers. This is the presumption — Jobab the father of Job, 
or Job ahy i. e. father, or grief, according to the Hebrew word. It 
was observed, from whom these words came, and under what great 
afflictions — X 

I. The difficulties and doubts of the righteous as being against 
their holding on their way. 

II. Their privileges and promises. 

III. Clean hands, clean hearts ; by renouncing oppression of * 
all kinds, civil, sacred, and domestic ; every act of injustice, all 



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1796k] REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOU|lirAi.« 3t9 

bribery, ail siaful practices ; these shall *' add strength to strength :" 
we may see this exemplified in the Old and New Testament saints. 

At the Bowery chnrch I preached on the epistle to the angel or 
bishop of Smyrna* On Monday I met the married sisters in the 
old church. 

Tuesday 26. I heard brother NichoUs preach in the new 
church. I read a little, write a few,letters> and visit daily: life 
appears to be but poorly spent with me. 1 met the married women 
in the new church. 

Sunday, July 1. At the old church I preached from Phil. iii. 
18, 19, 20. At the north church,, in the afternoon, on 1 Cor. is. 
2. : 1 was much heated and rather hurried in preaching. The 
weather is excessively warm — the children ar<e dying, and proba- 
bly so will the parents unless God sepd rain. I live wholly upon 
vegetables, and wear flannel. 

Mr. O'Kelly hath now published to the world what he hath 
been telling to his disciples for years. Mr. Hammett was mode- 
rate ; Glendenning not very severe ; but James hath turned the 
iVilt end of his whip, and is unanswerably abusive : the Lord judge 
between us ! — and he certainly will in that day of days, 

Wednesday 4. This day we had sermons in all the churches of 
the Methodists. 1 bad a meeting with the officiary at the Bowery 
church in the afternoon, and gave them a sermon upon 1 Peter v. 
2. Sunday 1 preached at Brooklyn on 1 Peter iv. 17. ; and in the 
afternoon at the old church on Rev. iii. 1 — 5. 

Monday. 9. We came to Berian's, at Kingsbridge, and on Tuesday 
to my home at the widow Sherwood's. W« have a very neatly 
built house here ; but 1 was so ill that Jesse Lee and Joshua Wells 
Imd to fill my place. Mr. Phillips, of Birmingham, writes thus of 
my father — '' He kept his room six weeks previous to his death ; 
the first month of the time he ate nothing but a little biscuit, and 
the last fortnight he took nothing but a little spirits and water— -he 
died very happy." My subject at Brooklyn was, *< The time is 
come that judgment must begin at the house of God." In tempta* 
tioo, persecution, discipline, heresy, and schism, the general judg- 
ment will begin at the house of God.' What shall the end be of 
them that hear, but will not obey the Gospel of God ? They shall 
be judged by the Gospel as having, in their disobedience, forfeited 
every blessing, and as having brought upon themselves every curse 
the Gospel threatens — they are as completely damned by this diso- 
bedience, as the obedient souls are everlastingly saved by the 
grace of God« 



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320 Rsv. PRAVcis asbvrt's jovrhai*. (1798. 

Wednesdaj 1 1. We bad to keep in doors on account of rain, and 
could not attend at the White Plaint. 

Thursday 12. We were at onr kind brother Banks^s, npon the 
banks of Byram-RiFer, near the Kne li^tween Connecticut and the 
state of New York : my congregation was large, and serioosly at* 
lentive : my subject was Luke xix. 10. 

Friday 13. We rode over the rocks and hills to Stamford. We 
had a comfortable rain that cooled the air. I find I cannot preach 
oAeo — 1 must spare myself or destroy myself. 

CoNiTECTKiuT. — Saturday 14. We rode to Joseph Hall's, Po- 
quonock, and made it twenty-eight or thirty miles. 

Sunday 16. 1 attended the congregation at Wheeler's, and feebly 
adminislered the word from Acts iv. 12. I had a desire to hear 
brother Jocelin in the afternoon ; but he addressed me, after his 
reading, singing, and prayer, desiring me to preach : my subject 
was Phil. ii. 12^ 13. I applied the text to belie?ers, seekers, and 
sinners. 

Monday 16. I rode sixteen miles to New-Haven. 

Tuesday 17. We took our departure from New -Haven, and came 
through North Brandford to Durham, twenty miles. The day was 
gloomy, and excessively %varni at times. We crossed the rocks and 
\ii\Ui to Hadam, and rode after sunset, for nine or ten miles, a most 
desperate road : this put my strength, courage, and skill, to trial; 
with all my patience, and every spring, and every part of the 
frame of my carriage : but we came safe to father Wilcox's, where 
we had many tokens of love shown us, to make rest comfortable. 

Wednesday 1-8. It rained. 

Thursday 19. At four o'clock, brother Lee gave a warm, en- 
couraging sermon from 1 Cor. xv. BB. At the new meeting- 
house, (properly West Hadam,) where the Methodists are upon free 
principles, I added a few words ; and then began our march to 
New London. We crossed Connecticut river at Chapman's ferry : 
we came on without touching the ground somietimes, as the car- 
riage would frequently jump from rock to rock. After riding about 
thirty-two miles, we reached New- London at eight o'clock. James 
O^Kelly hath told a tale of me which I think it my duty to teU 
better. He writes, *' Francis ordered the preachers to entitle him 
bishop, in the directing their letters." The secret and truth of 
the matter was this : the preachers having had great difficulties 
about the appellation of the Rev. or Mr. i. e. to call a man by one 
of tbe divine appellations, supposing Mr. to be an abbreviation of 
Master, ('* call no man master upon earth,") it was talked over in 



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tt9%,} 4i£Vt m^Ct& A9B61U^JS jroVHNAL. ^21 

ibd yearly coofersoce^ for then we had bo genieral confereoce esta* 
biilihed. So we coacluded tliat it would be by fur the best to pv^ 
each man his c^cial title ; as deacoD, elder, and bishop : to this 
the majority agreed. Jaaies O'Kelly givelh all the good» the bad, 
and middling of all the order of ^ur church to me. What can be 
ibe cause of all this ill treatment which i receive fr4^ him ? Was 
it because I 4id not, I could not setUe him for life 4n the soutii 
^strict of Virginia ? is this his gratitude ? He was in this district 
Ibr ten years, part of the time in the very best circuits in the dis- 
trict, and then in the district as presiding elder ; and there was no 
peace with James, until Doctor Coke took the matter out of my 
hands, after we had agreed to hold a general conference to settle 
jthe dispute : and behold when the general conference by a majority 
(which he called for,) went against him, he treated the general 
conference with as much contempt almost, as he had treated me y 
only I am the grand butt of all his spleen. 

Sunday 23. I made a feeble attempt at the court-house on 2 
Peter iii. 17, 18. I was greatly assisted in mind and body. In the 
a^ernooa I preached on Matt viii. 36 — 38. 

At the foundation of the new meeting-house, the frame of which 
was raised on Monday, brother Lee preached. I was pleased by 
moving along on a good road, but through an exceedingly warm 
day, fifteen miles to Norwich. The loss of rest last evening made 
the heat of this day more burdensome to my poor body. There is 
a growth of religion in this circuit ; but it is ploughing among 
rocks«and stone walls in a twofold sense. The society came toge- 
ther, and after myself and elder Lee had exhorted, we had a speak* 
ing and living time among the brethren and sisters. 

Tuesday 25. We rode through heat and over rocks twelve miles 
to brother Lyon's, at Canterbury ; this made me feel like Jonah. 
I was much outdone , having slept but little for two nights : but I 
was compensated for all in finding the life of religion amongst this 
people. Brother Lyon is the son of a godly father, who was a Bap- 
tist minister ; he was , imprisoned for truth and religious liberty ; 
the aged man lived until we came : his wife is yet living and loving 
Ood. The father was awakened by Mr. Whitefield's ministry : the 
son is a man of piety and property. 

RHODE-IstAND. — Wednesday $6. We passed Plainfield and 
Sterling, and came to Coventry, in the state of Rhode-Island. 
They have established turnpikes upon the way to ProTidence, and 
greatly reformed the road : but I had to turn out to -search for my 

Vol. IL 41 



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3S^ 'r£V. Jr&ANCi.9 AS30RY'S JOOAVAt. [1793^ 

friend, aod the sooli of mj cbaife : we computed it twentjr-fire 
miles to General Lippelt's — each work as I had is not easily told z 
we came in aboat eijght o'clock. Thnrsdaj, at General Lippelt's, 
I preached on 1 John i. 7, 8. I rested on Friday and Saturday, 
Smd on Sabbath day my subject was Hebr. ii. 2. Monday rode 
twenty-two miles throu^ heat to Warren : we lodged at lather 
Hartin Luther's. Here John Hills, from Lewistown, Delaware, 
liyeth ; but he is no Methodist ; who would ha?e thought this once ? 
Mr. Wilson's book was read to me by brother Lee, particularly 
those parts in which he finds fault with the Methodists. It appears 
to be the language of two or three men ; who they are I know not r 
but be they who they may, they are mild without merit ; and in some 
things are very simple, if not silly, abeut our drinking water. But 
why, Mr. Age of Reason, whoever you are, will you find fault with 
the question, ** Have you always a Bible about you ?" Poor divinity, 
and yet poorer spite. 

Tuesday 31. We came upon Rhode-Island; stopped at Matthew 
Cook's, dined, and then came to our little meeting-house, and 
bad a good season on Hebr. x. 38, 39. This island is most 
beautiful in its situation, and cultivation ; the neat stone square 
walls, level fields of grass, corn, and barley, sloping to the water, 
are very pleasing to the eye : salt water prospects are most delight^ 
ful. Upon the summits of the island you may see from water to 
water. Here fruit trees, fish, and shellfish abound. The Friends' 
meeting-house is large, and the settlement extensive ; and if the 
Baptists, Moravians, Episcopalians, Friends, and Methodists have 
any religion, there must be some good people here. Rhode-Island 
is by far the most beautiful inland I have seen. I have been very 
low, and weak, and feverish of late : I can hardly write, think, read, 
preach, ride, or talk to purpose. It is a little trying to be with 
people who are healthy, active, and talkative, when you cannot 
bear a cheerful part with them. 

Thursday, August 2. I returned to the north-east end of the 
island, where we have a small miee ting- house, and some gracious 
souls. Brother Lee preached last evening at Newport. As I was 
unwell, I gave my services to brother Hall's family, where I was 
entertained with every mark of afiection : may they, their own, 
and adopted children, be numbered with the saints ! I came away in 
weakness of body but strength of sobl, to the house at the ferry 
which we came to when we first entered upon the island. 

Friday 3. We preached at Bristol ; my subject was Luke xviii.. 
7. It was to me a serious, comfortable time : what but the 



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i 7^8.3 EBV. FRANCIS^ ASBUKY'd JOURNAL. 323 

Blighty power of God and the unceasiog cries of his people can 
help us here ? 

Saturday 4. We came through Warren, Swansey, Somerset, 
Digfaton, and Taunton, thirfy^two miles : the day was excessively 
warm ; and Ohl rocks, hills, and stones ! I was greiatly outdone : 
no price can pay, there is no purchase for this day's hire hut souls. 
We frequently spend a dollar per day to feed ourselves and horses : 
I never received, as I recollect, any personal beneficence, no not 
B farthing, in New England ; and perhaps never shall, unless I 
should be totally oqt of cash. 

Massacbcsetts--— Sunday 5. I was very unwell in my viscera, I 
attempted to preach on Rom. x. 1 — 3. I am under deep dejection 
of mind at times, and distressed above measure with the people — 
they appear to have so little genuine religion. We hear of a 
serious mortal fever prevailing in Boston : it is what I have feared 
would be the visitation of this capitail town as in other cities ; here 
^Iso are theatres, sinners, blind priests, and backsliding, formal 
people, and multitudes who are Gospel-hardened. We came to 
Easton ; here we have a new house built. I felt exceedingly weak 
after riding ten miles ; the evening was very warm ; I however^ 
gave them a discourse on 2 Tim. ii. 19. and passed the night in 
some bodily distress^ • 

Tuesday 7« I rode twenty-two.miles through heat and hunger to 
Boston : here I spent one night, very unwell in body, and with 
pains and pleasures of mind, upon account of the preachers and 
people. 

Wednesday 8. I was advised to retire a few days to Waltham. 
There is affliction in Bcftton— *the malignant fever. But who can 
tell the sick that are in the second or third house from his own, 
in a town or city where it is needfbl to observe secrecy lest people 
should be frightened away from their homes, or the counfry people 
from bringing food ? How many may be buried in the night, with- „ 
out any tolling of bells or funeral solemnity, thrown into a coarse 
coffin, or a tar sheet ? Oh ! a solitary house, and social family ; a 
comfortable table, pure air, and good water, are blessings at Wal- 
tham. There is a rumour of the blood-shedding in Ireland. — Oh ! 
the trade and plague of war ! I pity the old world ; I fear for the 
new — shall we be altogether unpunished? My calculation is, 
that we have rode three hundred and thirty miles since our de- 
parture from New- York. 

Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. At Waltham. I 
ventured to ride four miles, and preach two sermons; the first 



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324 AfiV. FRAHCI» ASBVRY^S JOVKKAt., {1TD8. 

oa Actst ii* 17, 18. ; and tbe second from Rem. x. l-^S. I was 
much enlarged, and had clear views, add saw and fett for tbe^ 
people. 

Monday 13. We began oor march to Lynn, in weakness of body^ 
and distress of mind. I gave a (Ksconrse late in the evening oa 
Hebe iv. 9» and that night I slept but lit^e. On Tuesday we be« 
gan onr journey for the Province of Maine : we passed throogh 
Danvers, Salem, Beverly ; thence to Hamilton ^ where we were 
liindly entertained by some aged people : dined and hasted along 
through Ipswich^ and thence to Newbuffyport : here I passed in 
sight of the old prophet, dear Whitefield's tomb, under the Presby- 
terian meeting-house. His sermons established me in the doctrines 
of the Gospel more than any thing I ever heard or had read at 
that time ; so that I. was remaricably prepared to meet reproach 
and persecution. We crossed Merrimac-Rrver and bridge : and 
came in late to Mr. MerrilPs, where we were kindly entertained. 
Here we were let into the secret of a negociatioo with a congrega- 
tion by Mr. Elias HuU, one of our wonder-workers— I told you so 
—•farewell. 

New«Hampshire. — Wednesday 15. We entered properly inta 
New-Hampshire. We passed Hampton falls, where the people 
and priests were about installing a Ainister into th6^ deceased Dr. 
Langdon's congregation. We had a dripping morning : we how- 
ever set out and rode about twenty miles to Portsmouth : there is 
a fever somewhat n^alignant and mortal here. This is a well for- 
tified town against the Methodists. Mr. Hutchinson anddaogkler 
received us with great Christian politeness: being exceedingly 
outdone with heat and labour, I was easily persuaded to tatry until 
morning. We crossed Piscataqua^River at the town of Ports- 
mouth, in a flat-bottomed boat. 1 am so weak that the smallest 
shock shakes me. At Portsmouth there is a strong tide, and this 
^morning we had a heavy fog, so th$t we could scarcely see the tops 
of the houses on the other side of the river. We came through 
Old-York, father Moodie's parish, of whom many tales are told ; 
one of which is worth telling to posterity — it is, that the only 
salary he received was the prayers* of bis people. We came on 
to Wells, and were kindly entertained at Mr. MaxwelPs. I was 
restless through the night, and sleegy and sick through the next 
day, yet we rode forty miles to Major lllsley's, near Portland. 

District of Maine. — Friday 17. We passed New Stroudwater, 
named probably after the old one iir Gloucestershire, in O/tl En- 
gland. We have rode since Monday morning about one hqndrefd 



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ifdOw] REV. FftAKClS A&BDftY^S JOVUNAL. B^O 

nod forty miles ; the roaids tolerable ; the weather extremely 
wsrm f and we are amongst strangerB. 

Sotardaj 18. We rode five miles to I^resumscut-River, and 
stopped at father Baber^s. Sabbath day, t preached io fhe bam 
on *' Now is the accepted time, and now is the day of 8al?ation.'' 
Mother Baker was sick, but had a sore confidence in Ood. Here 
we have the frame of a good meetiag-hoose erected upon a beau- 
tifol spot. 

Monday 20. We rode to Grey, and were kindly entertained at 
Mr. RamsdelPs. I preached to a few in a school-faonse' on Matt. 
Xxiv. 12, 13. — the case with theae people, if their love was evet 
warm. 

Taesday 21. We came through Gloucester to the widow Roe's* 
We sat under a shade by the road side and read — — 's acknow- 
ledgment of his fall, in an address to the cbaference — so candid 
and apparently contrite never did I hear. My subject at Roe^s 
was Acts ii. 21. ; the people appeared careless and unfe^ing. In 
the evening there eaaae up » very heavy gust of rain, lightning, 
and thunder, and I feared for ourselves. Next raomfog a dead or 
was found about one hundred yards from our horses in the same 
field, and the presumption was he was killed by lightning, as there 
appeared to be one particular shock directed to that place. Oh 
Lord, thou preservest man and beast! My soul was much engaged 
in prayer. 

Wednesday 22. We rode through the woods to Amariscoggin 
River^ thence to Lewistown, where our appointment for preaching 
had been made at two o'clock, and another at four o'clock : no 
cne attending at two o'clock, we came on to Monmouth. 

Thursday 2^. I was at home at brother Fogg's : be and hrs wife 
are pious souls ; such, with an increase, may they live and die! I 
had taken cold in crossing the mountain, which was rocky and 
uneven. I prea(!hed in the open meeting-house to a congregation 
o{ people that heard and felt the word. My subject was £pb. vi. 
13-^18. I was raised a small degree above my feeble self, and so 
were some of my hearers. We rode that evening to Hopkins's, 
in Winthrop, where meeting was appointed in the Congregational 
bouse : as the day was damp, and myself sick, I declined ; and 
brother Lee preached, and the people said it was a good time. I 
found father Bishop, at whose house we staid ; his son and wife 
exceedingly kind. We breakfasted at our brother Prescott's. 
This part of the District of Maine is settled with people from the 
south of Massachusetts, and some from New-Hampshire. 



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0j!6 ^^V. FAAKCIS ASfitKf'S JOVBSAt^ £1798. 

Saturday 25. We had to beat through the woods between Wia> 
throp and Redfield, which are as bad as the Alleghany moantain, 
and the shades of death. We have now laid by our carnage and 
saddle, to wait until Wednesday next for conference : the firat of 
the kind ever held in these parts, and it will probaUy draw the 
people from far and near. 

Wednesday 29. Ten of us sat in conference ; great was our onion 
and freedom of speech with each other. 

Thursday 30. was our great day : it was computed that from one 
thousand to eighteen hundred souls attended public preaching and 
ordination. The unfinished temporary stete of the gallery was 
such, that the plank and other parts would crack and break : we 
had one alarm while ordaining, owing to the people's wish to gratify 
their curiosity ; but no person was killed or wounded. My sub- 
ject was 2 Cor. iv. 1,2. it was observed, " this ministry ^^"^ by way 
of eminence distinguished from the law-^the ministry of the Spirit 
and power, and the word and letter of the Gospel : Secondly, The 
apostolical manner of using the ministry — renouncing the hidden 
thinp of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor haodh'ng the 
word of God deceitfully : not seeking either worldly honour, ease, 
or profit ; but by manifestation of the truth con^meoding ourselves 
to every man's conscience in the sight of God — to sinners of all 
characters ; to seekers, believers, men of tender s^nd scrupulous 
consciences. Thirdly, The temptations, labours, and sufferings the 
faithful ministers have to meet with in the discharge of their duties : 
Fourthly, The support they shall have by the mercy and power 
of God, and fruit.of their labours ; Fifthly ; We faint not — a person 
that fainteth loseth all action ; is pale and dispirited : it is a near 
resemblance of death, and sometimes terminates in death. Un* 
happy the man who is dead and useless in the ministry \ 

Weary of being shift up in one house for some days, I came in 
the afternoon through the dreadful swamp to Squire Frescott's, at 
Winthrop : I found a Congregational priest there. Early in the 
morning I came to Monmouth to breakfast ; dined at Lewistown, 
and lodged at the widow Roe's : the next day (Saturday) I came to 
Grey to dinner ; thence to Falmouth, and lodged at Major Illsley's. 
I came chiefly alone ; I experienced much bodily weakness : my 
trials are great ; the roads are bad, and I fear the families are lit- 
tle bettered by any thing I. could say or do for them. 

Synday, September 1. 1 am surprisingly supported, and am gain- 
ing strength, notwithstanding the heat of the sun and most despe- 
rate roads and rocks ; we have come nearly sixty miles in two 



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t79f3.j ftEV, FfUNCIS A5»URY's JOilRX^At. 32.7 

daysi I had it coDfirmed that the ox was killed by lightning, which 
was found dead within one hundred yards of onr horses. I went 
to Portland, unexpectedly, upon the Sabbath-day : 1 preached in 
the widow Bynton's back room tp about twenty-five persons, chiefly 
women, my subject was 2 Peter ii. 9. In the aflernoon I preached 
to about double the number on Phil. iii. 8. I returned Sabbath 
evening, to^ my very kind friend's house, Major Illsley's. 

Monday 2. We oam6 off in haste, and rode thirty-five miles to, 
Wells. We lodged with Deacon Clark ; a most complete house 
of entertainment. 

' Tuesday. We rode forty-seven miles to Sialisbury, near New- 
buryport. 

Nbw-Hampshire. — I passed Hampton and Hampton-Falls ; at 
the latter Mr. Whitefield preached his last sermon, and probably 
caught the cause of his death. I came over Piscataqua bridge, a 
most admirable piece of architecture ; it is double, and the toU- 
gate and Tavern stand upon the Island : we dined at Greenland, 
and had great attention paid us. The fever is breaking out again 
in Portsmouth, and it is awful in Philadelphia ; it seenieth as if 
the Lord would humble or destroy that city, by stroke after stroke, 
until they acknowledge God. Very serious appearances of this 
fever are now in New- York. 

Thursday 4. Came from Captain Patake's to Lynn \ where I 
preached on Friday from Galatians v. 6 — 8. 

Massachusetts. --^Saturday. We came off with a design to call 
at Boston : the heat was excessive, and the sun met me in the face, 
so that I was almost ready to fa|nt in the carriage : I changed my 
mind, and concluded to come on to Waltham, and spend another 
Sabbath. I missed my way a little, but came in about seven 
o'clock, riding since two o'clock twenty miles. 

Sunday 9. I attended the chapel in the morning ; my subject 
was 1 Peter ii. 9, 10. ; and in the aflernoon, at five o'clock, from 
the 11th and 12th verses of the same chapter ; many attended. 

Monday and Tuesday. We continued at Waltham. 

Wednesday 12. We cane on to Weston, where I preached in 
the new house, a well designed building, on 1 Cor. xv. 58. 

Thursday 13. We rode twenty miles, the way stony and dusty, 
to Mr. NicoU's, at Westborough : here five preachers came to- 
gether. With hard sighs I attempted to preach, and was most 
remarkably assisted upon Titus ii. 11, 12. 

Friday 14. We rode forty-one miles over very uneven r6ads ; 
my horse ran away with me^ but did me no hurt. We lodged at 



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$t^ BCV* SIUIICI9 ABBV&y's J0|^]U{t4JC». Ih7^^ 

)tlr. Ij[iibfaird'fl» at BrooofieM : I vn^s 8Brp4^i9«d to see the meetias 
uni direlliBg hoases they liave boiit in this.plaoe, and the reforiii9 
ibey have made ia the rpadt, since I came op through thin ^s^t of 
the state seyeo yean ago* 

Saturday IB, We came once more to Silas Blisses, at WUbc»« 
ham. We have rode ninety miles in two days, and I wonld nitfaeir 
have rode tf^o hendred in the low level lands of the south of this 
continent. 

Sabbath day* I attended at Wilbraham ;. my subject was 1 Peter 
ii. t— ^. 

. Monday 17. We came to Springfield to dine, and then roda on 
through excessive heat and bad roads, sixteen miles to-day. 

Tuesday 18. We came up to Granville, sixteen mileS : it was 
well that I had help over the rocks and mountains, 

Wednesday, Thursday! and Friday. We sat in confereiice ; 
about fifiiy preachers of different descriptions present : ten were 
admitted on probation^ We had opisiny weighty and deliberate 
conversations on interesting subject?, in much plainness and mode- 
ration. Six of us lodged amongst deacon Loyd^s kind Coagregti- 
tional people. 

CoHWECTicuT. — Saturday 22. We began our flight to the White 
Plains, across the hiUs and along most dreadful roads for a earri- 
age I we came to Canaan, about thirty-six miles, and lodgjsd by the 
fails of Housatonick river. Its source is in some ppnds and 
springs N. and S. W. of Pittsfield, Massachusett9, and running 
through the heart of Connecticut, empties into Long- island Sound 
at Stratford : it is the second in magnitude to that which gives a 
name to the state. , 

N£w*YoEK. — ^^Sabbatb day 23. We came on, twelve in company* 
to Dover, in the state of New* York. I should have stopped at 
Sharon meeting-house had we not expected a meeting at four 
D^clock in Dover. W^ made this Sabbath day> journey twenty- 
five miles ; the weather was very wa^n, and we had nothing to 
eat from seven o'clock in the morning until four o'clock in the 
afternoon. My subject was^Hebr. xii. 12^ 13. 14. 

Monday 24. We came through Dutchess county, near the line 
of the.two states^ and down the waters of Croton-River* We 
lodged at Webb'sy near New*Salem. We reached the Plains in 
about thirty-six miles, and came in about sundown* Most awful 
times in Philadelphia and New- York*- citizens flying before the 
fever as if it were the sword I I now wait the providjence of God 
to Inow which way to go. 



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JTSa.J REV. FRANCIfi*ASBt!lV*S JOURNAL. 329 

Wednesday 26; Came to my former lodging, where 1 lay sick 
last year: it is still like a home. 

Tharsday 27. We attempted to cross North-River at Woolsey's 
ferry, but the wind blew too strong. We visited a kind family, 
and retamed to the widow Sherwood's. We have spent a day, 
and rode sixteen miles, and are now where we began. Friday we 
rode twenty miles and crossed at Bulls-Ferry, six miles above 
Kew-Tork: we were about two hours and a half in getting over ; 
after which we rode eighteen miles to Elizabethtown. 

New- Jbrsbt .--^Saturday 29. We rode on to Brunswick, twenty 
milesy dined, and then hasted to Milford, twenty-two miles : here 
we spent the Sabbath day. I preached in the Hutchinsonian cha^ 
pel, my text was Matt. v. 8. Now we meet the tidings of doleful 
distress from poor Philadelphia— ninety dying in a day— surely 
4Grod will plead with us 1 Monday I rested. 

Tuesday, October 2. 1 stopped and dined, talked, and prayed with 
die Lovell family, at Crosswick's, and came that night to Hiilet 
Hancock's, who is a kind and gracious man. 

Wednesday 3. Called upon James Sterling. Thii^ morning the 
certainty df th^ death of John Dickens was made known to me c 
he was in person and affection another Thomas White to me for 
years past : I feared death would divide us soon : I cannot write 
bis biography here. We came to Germantown : and Thursday^ 
twenty-five miles to , Daniel Meridith's ; where we tarried for a 
night. Next day we reached Thomson's mill, upon Great Elk: 
^vitUn a mile of this place, while going over a desperate piece of 
road, my carriage turned bottom upwards; I was under, and 
thrown down a descent of fiv« or six feet : I thought at first I was 
anhurt, but upon examination I found my ancle was skinned and a 
lib bone braised. Oh, the heat, the fall, the toil, the hunger of 
4hedayl 

Martland.-^Ou Saturday we rode six miles to North-East : my 
braised side pained me much, my spirits were sad — dark clouds 
impend oter Methodism here. 

Sabbath day 7. I preached in the North-East church on Hebr. sii. 
15, 16, 17. The substance of my sermon was — 1. A caution 
against failing to obtain the repenting, converting, persevering, 
sanctifying grace of God. 2. How some bad principles, persons, 
and practices were like wormwood, gall, and poison to society, 
3. How small the gain, and how great the loss of peace. 4. That 
eome might apostatize beyond the possibility of being restored, 

Vot. IK 42 



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3^ AKV. FAAtfClfi ASOVAY'S JTOVEVAL. {lV9f, 

tmi weep hopeless and onavailiBg teart : 1 enforced th« cMtkm-*— 
looking diligMtly to avoid the greatest evil and de^ger od the one 
hand, and to secure the greatest good, graee, aad glory on the odier. 
Mooday we rode to the Back, and dioed with a daiiglU^ of Sarah 
Dallam's. We thea caoHS eo to Perry^Hall : id cooseqeeofie 
of the drought this i^ace does not ap|MUir m imuwrseZ green^ m 
formerly. 

Tuesday 9. We cbom te Baltimore ; here tbey have litHe to 
boast of bat health and trade : the outward boiiding of a aeciety^ 
hoose is going oa^ 1 had John Dickens's son with me : we sketch- 
ed out a few ttfaits of bar father's life. For piety, pv<Mty, pro- 
fitable preachiag, holy living, ChriBtian education of hw cMldren, 
secret, closet prayer, I doubt whether his saperiov is to be foond 
either in Europe or America. 

Friday 12. I had an appointment in the new chorobat ten 
o'clock. I endeavoured to suit my mli|eet to ttie season^ and 
to the time of affiictioa in our town» nad cities \ ft was 8 Cbron. 
vii. 13, 14. 

ViRoiNiA.— Saturday 13. We rode thirty-two milea to Turiier'a. 
Here man and beast beginning to feii; I rested on Sabbath day f we 
had a long ride to Fairfax chapel, where we came in di>otiit twelve 
o'clock. In consequence of my affitctiofi of body and mind i was 
but poorly prepared to preach ; however, I attempted a gloas on 1 
Peter ii. 1, 2, 3. Here I saw and conversed with my old friend 
William Waiters. 

Monday 15. We came to Alezandria-^I preached in the eveaiog 
on Col. ill. 16. 

Tuesday 16. Brothep Lee and John Harper stccompanied me ; 
we ca^e through eixessive heat and dust, tli^rty miles, to Ward'o^ 

Wednesday 17. I came to the widow Conner's, who keeps a de* 
cent boarding-house : we rode this day about forty miles, havMig 
nothiog to eat but a little broad and cheese. On Thursday, twalve 
miles to the widow Collin's, where we breakfiisted bf tween elerea 
and twelve o'clock, and in our usual manner prayed, andaddreseed 
the family about their souls ; and then rode on, ten miles, to iNrother 
Lyon's. Whilst others leave us, and say much evil i>f us, these 
people in Caroline county keep closely to us. I ielt very u&weli^ 
occasioned, I suppose, by riding so late and early through the ezces* 
sive heat, dust, and dews. 

Friday 19. We came through the dust, thirty-five miles, to Rtcb- 
mond : here I heard of the death of John Norman Jones, who de- 
parted in joy and peac$ in Charleston ; this is the second preacher 



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^ 



1 70t«jl SBVv FEAKCIS JMmr'^ J0VR9AI.. 331 

we ktFe loil ia dbdul one yMr in that dtjr. LUiawise of Hiek90Q 
aod Brasb, io New- York ; M'Gee and Dickens, in Philadelphia ; and 
Fmncii Spry id Baltimore. S^^Oee, WilUam Dougharty, J. Bi^ash, 
Stephen Dum, John Re|«i, James King, and John Dickens, died 
»f the malignaiU fever. 

Saturday SO. I rested in Richmond : I here masi record, mj 
thanks Io my ancient end firm friend, Philip Rogers, for the loan of 
n bdrse, when mine ivas fully «trorn down» and unable to staiid my 
long end rapid rides« 

Sabbath 21 « I preached in the court-house, at the east end of the 
city, on 1 John i. 6, 7. ; and in the afternoon on Rom. k. 13, 14, 
15, 16. On Monday 22, I preached at Manchester, on Hebr. viiK 
I0| 11. and on Tuesday rode to Petersberg by three o'clock, and 
preached on Hebr. iii. 16. I spent the erening with, abd slept at 
Joseph Harding's ; it was a renewal of our former friendship. I 
epeni Wednesday at Wood Tucker's, in aa sweet affection as in an- 
cient times. I exhorted his children to come to Christ. 

Thursday 85. In company with my never^failing friend (as far 
ashman can be so) Richard Whatcoat, I came to Roper's. My horse 
«pes taken sick, which detained, me a night. On Friday, at Henry 
Reese's, my subject was Matt! vi. 16. I had. the pleasure of see- 
log seren preachers present* On Saturday 27, we had what was 
iBUcb vnmted^rain. / 

Sunday ^. I rode sixteen miles and preached at Mayes's cha« 
pel, lodging at Peter Robinson's : here I left my carriage and sick 
horse with brother Mansfield. Monday, at Trotter's. Tuesday I 
m0t the local bi^thren ; in speaking of our own souls,. and the 
wmrk of God dpon others^ we were quickened. 

W^aesday 31. At Paup's chapel I preached on Epfa. v. 26-^37. 
Brothers Lee and Harper exhorted : the meeting continued Imtil 
three o'clock, it was a cold day, but a warm meeting ; i9fo or three 
souls professed to find the Lord in his pardoning, ^ace. 

Thursday, Nofrember 1 . It rained. On Friday we rode to Ben- 
jamin Johnson's : here we talked over ancient and present times, 
and of our feelings : the work refiyeth in this society, and it is as 
we wish it to be, and should be : the young people are coming to 
<]!hrist, and will 611 up the places of their parents, who must shortly 
^ to glory. In the evening we came to brother Meridith's : God 
bath blessed his little son ; but we folfnd the father sick. 

Saturdays. Rode to brother Soward's, near Roanoak^River ; 
where we designed to keep the Sabbath. I felt the want of a 
cloak or the carriage. • 



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332 REV. J^RAHCTJK A.<;Eimv'S J«{I&l>Jtt. Ii796* 

, SuA^y 4. I have peace in toy soul, but feel uDcomforteMe tn 
my body. 

i Monday 6. This was a great day : many preachers, travelHiig 
and local, were present; my subject was £ph. iv. 11, 12.; we bad 
a melting time : brother Dromgoold and myself wept ; his wife aftd 
others praised the Lord. 

North Carolina. — Tuesday 6. We crossed the Roanoak at 
Moseley's ferry, and stopped at M^Lane's; here God is working 
amongst the people. We came on Wednesday, by riding tvo 
hours in the night through the woods, to Harris's, where I preach- 
ed on Thursday 8th from 2 Peter i. 4. On Friday w^ rode t» 
Colonel Edmund Taylor's. Sabbath day, at Bank's church,- 1 
preached on Hebr. vi. 11, 12. and administered the supper of the 
Lord, and ordained John Whitefield deacon ; the church was sa 
very open that we conld not be. outwardly comfortable ; we 
tried to remedy it in some measure by closing up some of the 
windows with blankets, t lodged at Nathan Norris's, one of mf 
sons in Christ, now a father of children, and a very usefti 
preacher. *J» 

Monday 13. We rode twenty miles to Charles Cannon's; and 
on Tuesday, twenty-five miles to Snipe's. Wednesday we forded 
How-River, and came through a curious path, for a carriage, to Ibe 
new meeting-house on Hickory Mountain ; we dined with Mr. 
Reeves, an ancient friend of mine^ and thence proceeded on to 
brother M'Master's, a local preacher : we have rode this day thiitjr 
miles. 

Thursday 16. We rode from the upper bi'anches of Rocky^- 
River, twenty miles, to Pleasant Garden : when I came to the 
meeting- bouse, 1 had little strength of mind or body ; we lodged 
at Daniel Sherwood's ; my aged brethren and sisters from Mary- 
land and Deleware, rejoiced to see ,me, a poor, feeble man^ m>l 
was ; they had seen me in better times. 

Friday 17. We rode to Mr. Bell's, on Deep- River; thence 

thirty miles to Woods's, upon ^— ^ piver ; this day was very 

warm, and we had exceedingly uncomfortable roads. Going at this 
rate is very trying ; but it will make death welcome, and eternal 
rest desirable. Saturday and Sunday, at quarterly meeting, my 8ub« 
ject was Acts iii. 26. We rode down twelve miles to D. ^est's^ 
and were benighted, which ill suited me. As we had to travel an 
unknown road to Henry Ledbetter's, I wished to continue on our 
journey, and not stop at Hancock ; but the people thought and said 
otherwise, so I stof j^ed, and brother Lee preached ; after which 



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IfdS.]^ rev: FRAKCIS AS0URy's JOUKNALi 333 

I gave a discourse on Acts ii. 3d. and came off in haste. D. West 
«8GX>rted me down to the ferry, where we called in vain for the 
flat : D. West went over, and it was with difficalty that he per- 
suaded the ferryman to come with the hoat and take me : it being 
dark, and the wind blowing very strong and cold, we had hard 
work in crossing : I told the coptipany sot in the morning, but stay I 
must and preach, or be accounted proud. At Henry Ledbetter'fl 
I preached on Hebr. x. 23, 24. and at John Randell's, 2 Cor, vi. 1. 
' Brother Jackson had secured for me riding and preaching enou^ 
as ^f as Camden* 

Thurs'day 24. We recrossed the Pee Dee River at C.'s ferry,, 
and made it about eighteen miles to Mask^s, where I preached on 
H«br. iv. 1. On Frida^r, at Bethel on 2 Cor. vi. 11. Saturday 
^d Sunday, at quarterly meeting, at Jesse's (a coloured man) 
meeting- house, near Webb's ferry. My subject on Saturday was 
Acts ii. 17, 18. and on Sabbath day 2 Tim. iv. 1, 2. We theu 
rode seven miles to Isaac Jackson's. Monday rode. * 

Tuesday 29. Preached, and rode twenty-two 'miles to Mr* 
Blakeney's, on Thomson's Creek. Wednesday rode to Horton'e^ 
and preached on Gen. xxiii. 1 9. At CruPs meeting-house, on 
Thursday, on " ■ ■ '■ , and at Granney's Quarter on 2 Cor. xii. 9. 
and on Friday we came into Camden. Brother Lee had gone 
along on brother Blanton's districts 

South Carolina.— We have rode since brother Jackson hath, 
had the command of us nearly one hundred and fifty miles, from 
Montgomery, in North Carolina, to Camden, in South Carolina. 
If I attempt my appointments that brother Lee has gone upon» I 
must ride one hundred and fifty miles next week to Washington^ 
in Georgia. I have made little or no observation on the way, I 
have been so unwell. The people are remarkably kind in this 
teountry. 1 preached in Camden on 1 Kings viii. 35, 36. Here 
we have a beautiful meeting-house. It' was a time of very 
severe drought, but I hope this place will yet be visited in mercy. 
Monday we rode to brother James Rembart's, and on Tuesday I 
preached there on Hebr. vi. 18. Here we seated ourselves for 
writing until Saturday 10. On Sabbath day my subject was Acts 
iv. 20. Monday, we rode to brother Bradford's, and on Tuesday 
to Jack'Creek. The changes of weather aqd lodging affect me 
much. I called and preached at Robert Bowman's. On Friday 
we ctme to Monk's corner, and on Saturday to Charleston. Fast- 
ing, and tiding through the heavy sands, cause me to feel unwell. 
I received a cooling breeze in a letter from the north. For the firat 



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334 JUBT* nuvcis Asmtr^s jeoobvac. (1799. 

tame I apeocd aij AMthspoB Fntai Ixri. 13, 14. Wehare peace 
and fKKl fmMpeeti is dnriettoe, wtrj kfge cmyeftJiie ii* irttead 
the mioistratioB of the word. Brother Harper op«ied hk bus- 
iioD upon ** Thy word bate I hid in nj heart that I wi^ not am 
i^oat thee." la the eTeoiog I spoke upon our Lord's laaMota- 
tioB orer Jerosakm. Op Christoue day I preached from Si 
Luke ti. 14. aod at the new church on Haggfti ii. 7. 

January 1, 1799. Oar yeariy coaftrenee assembled at Charles- 
too. We kept oor seats for foor days ; thirty preachers present. 
We had great harmony and good hamoar. I gate a shmrt dis- 
course, addressed to the conference, from Hebr. xiii. 17. 

I. Your f tftiet«-*-coosequeotly governors. These how needM 
in the night, if there be ignorance in the trateller, and danger in 
the way, deep pits, wild beasts, or bad men. If it be in the mamt- 
ing, or noon day, how natural it is to follow agoide ; how necessity 
«nd fear, npoo the part of the traveller, will make him •obedient. 

II. Peofde are to be led into essential troth, duty, and expe* 
rience. 

III. Ministers are to watch for their seals as they that mmi 
give an accouiit-— the general and special accoantability to God, 
Christ, and the Holy Spirit, to the ministry, and to the chnreh, 
and to all men ; they mast give an accoant for the loss of the 
Christian traveller, if that loss be a conseqnence of neglect' in the 
guide. The joy faithful ministers have in the prosperity, spi- 
rituality, and happiness of the cbarch; t^tr grief er grdauing^ 
when so far from gaining other souls, they lose some already par- 
tially gained ; how much the interest of souls is concerned in the 
prosperity of the ministry. Pray for us : the great duty of the 
flook. The argument. — ^We have a good conscience: that this 
being the case, their prayers itoight be answered. Live honestly, 
do our duty faithfully, and take what is allowed us as wages-^ 
paying our just debts to souls. 

I ordained three elders and seven deacons. The generosity of 
the people in Charleston was great. Afler keeping our ministry 
and their horses they gave us nearly one hundred dollars for the 
benefit of those preachers who are in want. 

Sabbath day 6. Very cold, sleet in the streets, and dangeroos 
walking. We had a solemn sacramental season ; and a goodly 
number of " Ethiopians stretched out their hands to the Lord.'' ^ 

Saturday 12. My time has been chiefly taken up in composing 
and selecting from Cave*s Lives of the Fathers, showing the pri- 
mitive episcopacy. We are laid up for winter, when it is like 



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17^.] iigy. VEANGis asbuay's jqvslkal* 3^5 

sammer. I hiope to Is^Mmr upon thd Lord's^d^ ii> the ckorebe?, 
MO caUtd. 

Sabbath daj 20. I preached at Bethel : my snbfect was Mark 
xi. 17.$ *^ And he tauglk, sajiog unto them. Is it not written. My 
boQse«haUfae odledof all oations the boine of prayetf btft j^ 
baire made it a den of thieves/' At tlie old cburch my subject 
wat £ Peter i. 16. A groap of sinoera gathered aroond the door, 
and when I took the pulpit they went off V9hh d shoot : I felt what 
was coming. In the oTening there was a proper uproair, like old 
timea^ I employed the last week in heading, writing, Tistting, and 
attending feasts of charity ; one with the white society, and the 
^er with the Africans. 

Sabbath day S7« I preached in the morning at Bethel, from 
Hebr. xiii. 20, 21. 

I. It was a pragrer : as he, Paul, had asked their prayers, he gave 
them bis. 

II. **^Tbe God of peace :" the gracious relation of the Hebrews 
as reconciled to God. 

,^. UL ^* Brought again from the dead ;" whenrit might be thought, 
all was lost when Jesus was dead ; again he had brought the He* 
brews from a state of death in trespasses and sins. 

IV. This was more than bringing the apostle to them, although 
hB might be given to them of God to their prayers. 

V. *' Great Shepherd of the $heep"-T-all the sheep, Jews and 
Gentiles. Tke Shepherd of ^e Bhepheris ; doing really , what they, 
stndei' shepherds^ do instrumentally : he seeketh, ke^peth, feedeth, 
;|nd watcheth his ordained flock against those who would steal or 
kill them, and aiienfate them from Jesus, or the true fold, and faith« 
ful pastors. 

VI. /* Through the blood of the everlasting covenant :" see 
Exodus xziv. 3. Moses said, Behold the blood of th6 covenant, 
when be sprinkled the people; it is this that meriteth, sea^th, 
and sanctifieth. 

VII. <* Make you perfect in every good work" — as to the 
quantity and quality of good works : and. 

Lastly, " Pleasing to God" — ^in gracious affections, purity of in- 
tention, and uniformity of conduct ; and all by the merit and inter- 
cession of Jesus Christ. In the afternoon I preached in Cum- 
berland'Street meeting-bouse on Deut. iv. 9. 

Wednesday 30. Once more, through divine assistance, we lefl 
Charleston, and came twelve miles to brother Jackson's ; where 
we rested one day. • 



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KET. FRA1CI» ASBORT's JOOMMAL. [t 799, 

Soodaj, Febraary 3. By riding notil teo o*clock in the nig^t, we 
tame, fifty miles, to Mr. Bood's. On Saturday I rode alone to 
Geoi^etowo : we have made it nearly eighty miles from Charles- 
ton to this place. 1 preached on Galatians v. 24^-26. : First, They 
that are Christ's in a special spiritaal sense ; — his sheep, redeemed, 
sought, and sayed ; his children, bearing his image. Secondly^ 
How they are to be distinguished : — they crucify the flesh with the 
passions and desires thereof ;-^the sinful love of the world, with 
the sinful fear and joy also. Thirdly, Let us walk in the spirit, as 
an evidence that we live in the spirit. Fourthly, Let us not be 
*' desirous of vain glory ;" in forms, ordinances, or any outward 
appearances of men and thinp. Fifthly, Let us not by such mean 
measures ^' provoke one another," or envy one another. In the 
afternoon, I preached on Isaiah Ixvi. 5. 

Monday 4. Was an uncomfortable day ; so we did not ride. 

Tuesday 5. We crossed Black- River, at Gadsby's ferry.: the 
bridge over one of the natural canals was broken ;. we had pre- 
sence of mind to loose the long reins of the bridle : brother Lee pufe 
the horse, through the ford, and 1. met him on the other side, and 
guided him out safe. This day we made it nearly forty miles ta 
Rogers's, near Kingston. 

Wednesday 8. We rode in a cold day, thirty miles, to dear bro- 
ther Hawkins's, upon Little River, crossing Wacawman at Star* 
Bluff. 

North-Carolina. — Thursday 9. I preached at the meeting- 
house, from Luke iv. 18, 19. ; and came the same evening to fa* 
ther William Cause's ; where I preached, on Friday 10, upon Rom* 
V. 1 — 5. we had a living season here. I paid a visit to the sea, and 
saw the breakers; — awfully tremendous sight and sound! — but how 
curious to see the seagull take the clams out of the sand and be^ 
them up into the air, and drop them down to break them, and thea 
eat the flesh ! This 1 saw demonstrated ; and if they fail once in 
breaking the shell, they will take it up again, and bear it higher* 
and cast it down upon a hard spot of ground, until they effect their 
purpose 

^ We are now in Bladen circuit, Brunswick county. North Caro- 
lina. I have travelled nearly four hundred mile» in the southern 
states, and spent three months therein. We rested on Saturday 
9, and on . 

Sunday 10. We attended at Shallot church ; my subject was 
. Acts liv. 22. I showed, First, That the souls of the disciples must 



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]?99.] itsv. vRAircis asbvay's iovrral. 337 

be confirm^ io doctrioe^ experience, practice, and dkicipltne of 
the Gospel of Christ in the church of God. It was obserred, hoir 
plainlj these were taoght in the oracles of God. I offered some 
argameDts in favonr of revelation, to induce a continuance in the 
substance and exercne of faith through life : through much tribula- 
tion entering the eternal kingdom of glory : an object so great is 
not to be gained without great trials from every enetnyt in doing 
and suffisriog the whole will of God. The day was so excessively 
cold) and the house so open, that I was chilled through my whol6 
system. After meeting we rode on to Lockwood's Folly : here 
are several young converts. 

Monday 11. We came by Tdwn-Creek, where I stopt fourteen 
jears ago ; but Mthni a change since then ! Stephen Daniel and his ^ 
wife are no more ; but their dear (Children are coming to Christ, to 
fill up their parent's places. 

Sister Daniel was an excellent woman. It seems as though old 
Brunswick in North Carolina, would be a Methodist county, and 
that most of the rulers would believe in Christ 

Tuesday 18. I preached at Sullivan's, on Town-Creek, from GaL 
▼i. 9. the house was crowded with people ; there were many chiX* 
dren tb baptise ; but my spirits were sunk, and I had no heart to 
speak. 

Wednesday 13. We came on to Wilmington ; here 1 was in low 
spirits still. This town has suffered by two dreadful fires ; but the 
people are rebuilding swiftly. I was so afflicted in body, that 
brother Lee had to preach two sermons in the church : the people 
were very attentive. ^ 

Thursday 14. We rode tiTenty miles to Nixon's ; where I (freach- 
ed a little to a little flock, as there was only a half-day's notice. 
Through this day I have been amazingly dejected, although I am 
abundantly more happy in constitution and feeling than formerly. 

Friday 16. At Stone Bay : no preaching by the Methodists at this 
place. We lodged at friend Johnson's : on my last visit I preached 
here. We made it twenty-seven miles. 

Saturday 16. We rode eighteen miles to Lot Ballard's : here we 
were at home. It was an excessively cold day ; at noob it chan* 
ged to hail, and terminated in rain. I housed myself: and brother 
Lee went to the New-River chapel to preach to the people. 

Sunday 17. Cold as the day was, and unwell as I felt myself, 1 
«euld not be absent from the house of God : aiy subjecl Was Acts 
ill. 19. The slaves were not permitted to come ifitO the house. 

Vol. 11. 43 



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338 REV. FRANCIS AABVKt'9 JOVRlfAL. {l7d9« 

We rode to William Bryan's, at Bryan Town, upon Cedar-Cteek r 
and on Monday we held a meeting at Colonel Biyan's, the father of 
William. 

Taesday 19. We were at Trenton coart-boase ; and on Wednes- 
day at Lee's chapel : my subject here was Micah vi, &, 7, 8. I 
endearoored to show, First, That it is still the Toice of many, 
'< Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, to enjoy his favonr, 
and presence, and bow myself before the high God ?" that is, wor- 
ship him acceptably, as tbongh they would gtre ail they have in the 
world, no sacrifice should be too great ; but men are often great in 
promise, but defective in performance ; they promise much and do 
little. He hath showed thee, O man ! what is good — that is, true re- 
ligion ; the blessed effects and fruits of it ; do justly and walk hum- 
bly with thy God ; see Deut. x. 12. Hosea xii. 6. First, Do justly ac- 
cording to human laws, and the claims and rights of men with men, 
as it respects continents, kingdoms, or families. Second, Do jus- 
tice as it concerns the laws of God — as the second table is a claim 
of justice to obey parents, and not to take mens' lives nor their 
wives — to bear a true witness. Third, Do justly, according toUM 
commandment of Christ, Matt. viL 12. <* Love mercy," as it ex- 
tends to the souls and bodies of men ; this requires more than to do 
justly to them : << walk humbly with thy God"— feel thy total poverty 
and universal dependance upon God for all things, spiritual and tem- 
poral. 

We lodged at Mrs. Knight's, the mother of our dear deceased 
brother Ahairs, once a travelling preacher amongst us. 

Thursday 21. We came to Newbern, originally settled by Ger- 
mans, and called after old Beme^ in Switzerland. For sixteen miles 
of this road we had heavy rain ; but I was well cased up, notwith- 
standing which I took cold. We have travelled from Charleston 
threehundred and thirty miles in this our retrograde journey, which j 
we have made longer by frequently turning out of our way. 

Saturday 23. My subjects at Newbern were 1 Peter ii. 11, 12* 
Hebr. vii. 25. 1 Tim. iv. 8. We had very uncomfortable weather. 
We made some spiritual and temporal regulations, in hopes that 
matters would work much better in future. 

Monday 25* It was cold to purpose, and we had twenty-four 
miles to ride to William Cox's, on Neuse, near the mouth of Con- 
tentny: here my text was 1 John iv. 16, 17. We hence in a 
manner fled through the counties of Craven, Lenoir, Glasgow, 
and Edgecombe. 



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1799^,] JlEr. FKAIfCI? ASBVRY^S JOURNAL. 33d 

Ttte«rdaj 26. I did not attend at the Rainbow meeting-hoiiBe in 
oonsequence of my illness, the effect of my riding in the cold the 
day before. 

Wednesday 27. I was comforted in administering the sacrament ; 
aAer which> as the -day was damp, I left brother Lee to finish, and 
rode along sixteen miles to SethSpaight's ; a deeply distressed man 
for the loss ef fats dear wife, who lately departed this life. 

Thursday 28. We rode thirty-foar miles to brother Toole^s ; 
the rain poured down upon us on our way, and we had to feed 
under a pine-tree. 

Friday, March 1. We made out to ride ten nules^ to Mr. Hod- 
ges, near Sosson's bridge, upon Fishing^Creek ; where we were 
kindly and comfortably entertained. 

Saturday 2. We came to brother Bradford's quarterly meeting : 
I was glad, after riding sixteen miles through the damp and severe 
cold, to sit by the fire. 

Sabbath-day 3. I preached a little on 2 Cor. iv. 16—18. 

Monday 4. The generally excessive rains having made the Ro- 
aiM)ke impassable at the nearest ferry, we had to ride a circuitous 
rout through Halifax, which made it about thirty miles to Richard 
Whittaker's in Northampton. We had a bad swamp to cross, but, 
I kept out of the wi^er. It was well for me my carriage did not 
upset in the water, which it was very near doing. To travel 
thirty miles in such a cold day without fire, and no food, except a 
bit of biscuit, is serious. We were received gladly by our waiting 
brethren, Wbatooat, Wanner, aad Lambeth. I am of opinion that 
we have left five hundred miles on the other side of the Roanoke, 
in all the ground we have rode over from Charleston, in South, 
to Halifax, in North Carolina. I went to Rehoboth (a new meeting* 
house) and preached on 2 Cor. ii. 14. 

Wednesday 6. The cold and frost was very severe, and it was 
\Vith great difficulty we made our way through the swamp firom 
Richard Wbittaker's. We rode to St. John's chapel, where bro- 
ther Lee preached upon Rom. v. 5. The bouse being open, I 
was most severely chilled, and unfit for any public service. We 
lodged at Williford Horton's. 

Thursday 7. We rode to Winton court-house; where I preached 
on Hebr. iii. 7. Two- thirds of my congregation were women ; 
perhaps there will be more men when I go there again. 

Friday 8. We rode to KnoUy-Pine. 

Saturday 9. I preached at Knotty-Pine chapel on Gen. xxiv. 
17 — 19. : I was elaborate upon personal ^nd family piety. Here 



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340 KET. FBAKCIS AMVRY'S 90VMAL. £1799* 

Itav*swter Baker; the ttandeth fiitl id the libertjr wb«rewith 
Chrbt hath made her free, end I hope and belier^. God will wwe 
her childrea : our soak were matadly blessed. 

Sahhath day la At Gates conrt^hoQse maoy sertous people 
attended: mj sut^ect was Hehr. viu 26. I adouDUtered the 
sacraasent ; and had a solemD, feehng season. 

Monday 11. We rode to Constants chapel, on one of the bcaii- 
ches of Bennett's creek. The main creek affords a landuig at 
Chites coort^hoose, and communicates, after a few miles, with 
Chowao-RiTer. I was made very comfortable in aoul and body at 
Isaac Hunter's ; and had a happy oseeting with the poor Africans 
at night. 

Tuesday 12. The coolness of the weather increases. We rode 
thirty Bftiles to George Sutton's, in Perquimoos county. 

Wednesday 13. It both snowed and rained. We had a meeting 
at a house near Maggshead chapel ; where I preached a short ser^ 
mon from 1 Peter iv. 18. We lodged at J. W— — ^*s, a comfort- 
able house, after a very uncomfortable snowy day. 

Thursday 14. At Nisonton I declined preaching and made^aa 
exhortation, after brother Lee had given them a long sermon. It 
is probably eight years since I came through this oircuit, which 
oausod the people to exert themselves in comiog out, so that ne 
had a very large congregation. 

We have rode, since we came across Roanoak, one hundred a»d 
ibrty-three miles to John Russell's. We have moved rapklly 
through Gates, Cbowan, Perquimons, and Pasquotank counties : 
as we pass we have lovely leveb, fine white ced^ on the rivers, 
creeks, and swamps, for between six or seven hundred miles : fi^m 
the low lands in Georgia, to Black-water in Virginia ; it is fioe 
lumber land, but unhealthy in some places. 

Friday 15. It began to rain heavily, but c^ised about twelve 
o'clock ; we then rode to a school-house, where many attended : 
my subject was 1 Peter v. 10. 1 had the company of several 
preachers. I then rode on eight miles to brother ProbrylB; it 
was good for me to be there. Saturday 16. I felt greatly depreaa* 
ed in spirit, owing, no doubt, in some measure, to the changeable 
state of the weather. We crossed the Pasquotank at Sawyer's 
^erry ; here we were told that we had but Seven miles to ride ; but 
we wandered until we made it twelve. We learned that one of 
the widow Sawyer's daughters was lately committed to the dust; at 
the gate of the yard we found the mother in tears. As I was not 
able in body or mind to preach, 1 gave an exhortation ; and after wre 



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1799.3 nEY, FRAWgi^ A9MVJiX'S JOVBNAt. $41 

h4d diofidy we rode teo miles to Samael Simmoos's, across the 
Nortb-River awampi, which affords as low and as good laod as aoy 
part of the beech lands of Cumberland or KeatQcky. We swiftly 
passed through Camden and Currituck counties. 

Sunday 17. I made a feeble effort to preach at Williams's cha- 
pel on James i. 24, %b. our. congregation was large. 1 returned 
and left brother Lee to finish. We lodged at brother Brunnell's. 
On Monday we had a violent storm of wind and snow, which laat- 
ed until ten o'clock, and we bad a bitter ride of nineteen or twenty 
miles to James Wilson's, at Hickory-Qround, in Virginia. I was 
exceedingly chilled on the way, the snow being from six to sevea 
inches deep, and it blew a heavy cold wind. 

VxRoivu. — Tuesday 19. I preached at brother Wilson's, from 
1 Cor. XV. dB. I sent my carriage for James Morris^ (formerly 
with us) afterward an Episcopal minister, and now' near death : he 
expressed great consolation in God, and love to me. He hath a 
pious wife» who is the mother of nine children. We lodged with 
John Hodge, who joined the Methodists in early life. I was pleas- 
ed to find that the eklerly Methodists had put their children to 
trades, to learn to work for themselves. 1 am in hopes the parents 
will not leave them their slaves, but manumit them^fay tsUI at 
least 

Wednesday 20. At Cotherairs, near the great bridge, and near 
Manning's, where we preached before the revolutionary war. On 
Thursday we rode through the rain to Norfolk, where I preached 
on Friday from Gal. ii. 20. *M am crucified with Christ "-Christ 
cracified : and Paul crucified after the likeness of Christ, and fiir 
Jem»-^cjiicified to the world in afflictions, hopes, and desires ; / 
live-^l have had a spiritual birth, and live a spiritual life of faith, 
love, and holiness; yet not I, as the author of my own birth or 
life : <' Christ liveth ia me,"— by his Spirit ; '< and the life I now 
live is by faith of the Son of God ;'* — faith of, and faith in Christ 
«^*' wbo bath loved me, and given himself for me" — that is, I 
know and feel my personal and real interest in, and umon with. 
HioA* 

We had a comfortable sacramental season in Norfolk on Easter- 
day ; and at Portsmouth, I spoke on James v. 20. Brother Lee 
preached on Romans ii. 14. 1 Car. ix. 19 — ^22. 1 Tim. iv. IQ. 

Monday 25. We rode eighteen miles to George Walker's, in 
Princess Ann county, where I. with great labour, preached on 
Luke xxiv. 46, 47, 48. We calculate that we have rode eight 
hundred and eighteen miles since we left Charleston. ' 



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Mi jREV-. TKAVCIS ASBURY^fl JOURNAL. [1709, 

Taesday 26. We came to quarterly meeting at Dawley's meet-^ 
iog-house ; the day was cloady, and myself also : as there were 
four preachers to attend, I staid at home. On Wednesday there 
was a most awfal storm of rain and wind, which catised us to keep 
within doors. 

Thursday 28. I rode seven miles to Nimoar^s meeting-house, 
where I preached on Hebr. ii. 1. The day was excessiyely cold 
and the house too. After preaching I rode nineteen miles, having 
no refreshment for man or horse until we came to James Dawley's, 
within two miles of Norfolk, about seven o'clock at night. On 
Friday we came into town, and attended quarterly meeting on Sa- 
turday and Sunday. My subject on Saturday was Psalm cxxvii. 1. 
and on Sabbath day James i. 24, 25. I had a painful night afler 
preaching on Saturday, having a small ulcer formed in my breast. 

At Suffolk I was addressed by two grand daughters of my dear, 
aged friend, Benjamin Welden, of James-City. I dined with' Mr. 
Whitlock, and after the rain was over rode to William Powell's, 
forty miles from Portsmouth. 

Thursday, April 4. I must needs preach at Wells's, the sckiswh 
house ; the great were there ; my subject was 2 Tim. ii. 19. 
We then rode to William Blunt's. On Friday we were at 
Moody's, and on Saturday we came to the house of the widow of 
Henry Davies. On Sunday I preached at Lane's chapel from 
2 Tim. ii. 15. but it was the dividing of blood from my lungs. On 
the way I ordained two local deacons. 

Monday 8. We rode thirty miles to Jones's chapel. Tuesday, 
Wednesday, and Thursday, conference sat in great peace and love. 
As the house was cold^ and I was very unwell, I could not attend ; 
I had about two pounds of blood drawn from me. 

Friday 12. We rode to father Nathaniel Lee's, and on Saturday 
13, to Frederick Bonner's, where I rested — a solemn Sabbath. 

Monday 15. By ten o'clock we came to Petersburg; and then 
rode on and crossed James River, at Woodson's ferry. We 
lodged at Keezee's, having rode thirty-two miles. . 

Tuesday 16. We came to Philip Davis's, twenty miles, near 
Putney, New^Kent. I feel low in body, but serene in soul. The 
brethren in Virginia, in conference, gave it me in charge not to 
preach until the Baltimore conference : I was willing to obey, feel« 
iog myself utterly unable. The houses that we preach and lodge 
in, in this severe weather, are very open. My breast is inflamed, 
and I have a discharge of blood. 

Wednesday 17. I rested at brother Davis's ; and on 



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1799.] llEr. FEANCIS ASBURrS JOUIINAL.. 343 

Thursday 18. Rode ip Benjamin Pace*9, in King^s and Qtuen^s 
county : these are gracions and kind seals — God is still working in 
this place ; they haye one hundred members in society. 

Friday 19. We rode twenty miles to our dear brother Cole's, in 
Essex coanty. We rested on Saturday. 

Sunday 21. Attended a meeting at Shephard^s ; and then rode to 
the widow Cox*8. 

Monday 22. We crossed the Rappahannock, at Layton's ferry, 
and came to the widow Bombry's, in King George county. We 
haye rode upwards of sixty miles in two days, through excessively 
cold weather for the season. 

Tuesday 23. We rode thirty-five miles to Ward's, neat Dum- 
fries. 

Wednesday 24. This is the great day of election ; and there is 
no small stir in Virginia, about federal and anti-federal men. We 
rode thirty miles to William Adams's ; I was much chilled, and very 
weary. 

Thursday 25. The general fast day — I attended at Fairfax 
ohapel ; Philip Bruce gave a discourse upon those words of our 
Lord, <* And then shall they fast in those days." As I was 
unable to preach, I gave an exhortation from the subject. I find 
that very small rest, when joined with comfortable accommodation, 
gives me great strength of body : by this means I might be re- 
stored ; but 1 must keep moving. I was caught in a heavy thun- 
der storm, from which I took cold, and had a high fever and head- 
ach ; I rested on Friday at William Watters's. Saturday, rode to 
Alexandria. — Monday and Tuesday, rode to Baltimore. 

Maryland. — Wednesday, May 1. We opened our conference, 
which sat four days. We had preaching morning and evening. I 
gave a short exhortation before the sacrament. 

Monday 6. We rode out to Greenwood, Mr. Rogers's country 
seat, who told me that when I was past labour, there was his house 
as my own. We asked for new wine ; but find the old is better : 
the fermentation is done. 

Tuesday 7. We rode to Gunpowder-Neck ; I only exhorted a 
little, then went on to the bay side. 

Wednesday 8. The wind was high ; I declined, but brother Lee 
waited, and crossed in an hour. Lrode round, and lodged at Josiah 
Dallam's : but dear Sally, his wife, is gone ! I walked to her grave. 

Thursday 9. I had a disagreeable passage across the Susque- 
hannah. At this ferry, recently, three poor blacks have been 
drowned. I cannot omit relating a circumstance which took place 



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S44 REV. FRANCIS asbuky's jovhhax.. [17&9. 

ivhen I was here last A very large negro ttan, aD old ferrymaD, 
to whom I talked very faithfolly, wa» drowned. I remember to 
liave told him that if he did not take heed and repent, he might be 
drowned and damned ! the former is certain ; the latter is to be . 
feared, as it is reported the negroes were intoxicated. Doctor 
William Dallam escaped ; and what is remarkable, the boat that 
saved his life, was made of wood taken from his father's plantation* 
Thursday evening I came to Back-Creek well wearied. 

Friday 10. We rode to ChesteroTown — went to meeting; 
and I exhorted a little. 

Saturday 11. At Churchill church brothei^ Lee preached, and 
! exhorted. We dined at Mr. Cossey's, and rode in the evening to 
l^rother Chair's. 

Whitsunday 12. At Centreville, after brother Lee had preached, 
I feebly exhorted upon ** Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God." We 
administered the supper of the Lord : I was weary at the end. I 
lodged at Thomas Wright's. 

Monday 13. At Tuckahoe a moltitude attended ; my services 
were very small. 

Tuesday 14. AtEaston, a crowd of people attended; here I 
could say but very little. We crossed Dover-Ferry, and rode to 
William Frazer's, in Caroline county; and on Wednesday 15, held 
meeting in his dwelling house. 

Thursday 16. At Henry Ennell's I could only gloss upon those 
gracious words, ^* Casting all your care upon him, for he careth 
for you." 

Friday 17. 1 attended Cambridge quarterly meeting ; which was 
held in a barn : I commented a little upon, *' We have not fol- 
lowed cunningly, devised fables." Having had but little rest for 
two or three nights past, I retired with Bartholomew Eoneirs, an^ 
went on the way to Vienna, to visit Somerset. I rejoiced that 
Doctor Edward White was standing firm in the grace of God ; and 
that the Lord had blessed the souls of his children. 

Saturday 19. It rained plentifully until ten o'clock. We crossed 
at Vienna : it was very bad ferrying ; the wind being against the 
tide, it raised high swells in the river. I came that evening to 
Thomas Garrettson's ; we had a v0ry serious congregation at Quan- 
tico chapel ; I had taken cold and was very unfit to speak at all. 
We came to Salisbury, where we rested on Monday. Brother 
Lee preached three times. Here I got bled. 

Tuesday 21. We came to Annamessex. My horse began to 
sweat, &well, and tremble — and died upon the road. Brother 



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l?9d<] RBV. F11AV€I« ABMUftV'i JdDANAL. S45 

Leran Moore was vAih me : we put his horse in the sulky, and 
both o£ us rode to Samoel Smith's. 

Wednesday 22. I borrowed a horse of Satnuel Smith, ttid cross- 
ed Potomoke, and rode lo Littleton Long's, where 1 gave an ex- 
iiortatioil to a few people. It was a very extraorclinary kgacy of 
a iiviog friend that put forty-five doFlars into my hands ; had I not 
bought a coat I might have had fifty dollars in my^pocket ; it would 
have been a wonder for me to have as much money by me ; but 
One hondred or more might be needful to purchase another horde. 

Thursday 23. We rode to Downing's, where ! gave a short exhor- 
tation, and on Friday 24, we came to John PurnaH's ; he is gone to 
bis long home* Here I gaveup niy borrowed horse, and the only 
alternative was to put brother Hardesty's horse in the sulky, and 
wedge ourselves with all our baggage together. We rode by 
Frederick Conner's, and made it nearly thirty miles, throagh ex* 
cessive heat, to the widow 6o wen's. 

Delawahi!:. — Sabbath 26. I preached at the chapel, and rode 
IkOme with brother Leistet, living in the north end of Worcester 
bounty. Tbid day we enter the state of Deleware. 1 have had 
great dejection of mind, and awful calculations of what may be 
and what may never be. I have now groaned along three hundred 
milea firom Baltimore. 

Monday 27. After preaching at Johnson's we rode to the Sound, 
and lodged at Arthur Williams's, an aged Methodist preacher. 1 
passed the night in great affliction. 

Tuesday 28. We came on to Dagsborough just as the^ stage was 
ahout to s^et off for Milford. I paid the fare, and sent brother 
Hardesty along. I called upon William Johnston, a gracious sooL 
We then came into Milford about eight o'clock, after tiding forty -^ 
three miles. Here I rested a day. 

Tbursday 30. I must needs ride twenty miles back to Lewis, 
principally to see the people. 

Friday 31* Returned back to Milford. I had taken cold. I or- 
dadned three deacons and exhorted a little. 

Saturday, June 1 , was a very cold day ; we rode to t>over ; 
the crowds of people were painful to me ; I ordained two deacons ; 
was confined in meeting four hours, and attempted to preach, but 
coiiltl not. 

Sabbath day 2. After meeting, I rode to Dock-Creek CroiGts- 
Ko«d^9 find called at Doctor Cook's to see Thomas Whitens chil- 
dreA^ Doctor Anderson, Doctor Ridgely, and Doctor Neadham 

Vol. II. 44 



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348 RET. FRAKCIS ASBURY^S JOURNAL. {179#*' 

considered my case ; thej ndyised a total saspensioo from preach- 
ing, fearing a consamption or a dropsy in the breast. 

Monday 3. I ordained one person at the Cross- Roads* and ano- 
ther at Dickinson's meeting-hoase. I dined with Mr. Moore netf 
the Appoqoimamink bridge, and then rode on to Wilmington ; we 
have made forty miles this day. What with labour and fevenr 017 
rest is greatly interrupted. 

Pennsylvania. — Thiirnday 6. We held our conference in PhikK 
delphia. 1 retired each night to ike Eagleworks^ upon S^uylkill^ a^ 
Henry Foxairs solitary, social retreat. The conference was large» 
and the business very important. Ezeki^l Cooper was confirmed 
in his appointment by me ^ our agent in the book concern. 

New- Jersey. — Wednesday 12. After the rising of the confe^ 
rence I rode to Burlington ; and on Thursday 13, to Milford : on 
Friday to Mr. Drake's, near Amboy ; and on Saturday to New* York* 

New- York. — Sabbath-day \6, I gave a short exhortation in 
the John-street church ; likewise in the North-River honae. It is 
an unseasonable day for religion ; it is tifn« the conference ahoold 
tome ; may Almighty God bless and own their labours to the people t 

Wednesday 19* We opened our conference for New- York, and 
all the New-England states. 

The conference was crowded with work ; consequently I bad 
but little rest, and what added to my pain, . was brother Bosiick's 
laying sick in the next room — beat and haste ! 

Sunday 23. We had a charitable day at all the booses, and col* 
lected nearly three hundred dollars : but the defictencfes of the 
preachers were almost one thousand dollars. I attempted to preach, 
a little on F^hil. iv. 19. ; and gave an exhortation at the Bowery 
church. I met the society at the old church at night. The exces- 
sive heat made us wish, and haste to leave town. ■■/ 

Monday 24. Was exceedingly warm ; we rode to Sherwood's ; 
but did not get there in time to meet our appointment. 

Tuesday 25. We came to the Plains. 

Wednesday 26. We rode about thirty miles ; and came in about 
ten o'clock at night to governor Van Courtlandt's, whose wife is a 
Shunamite indeed. 

Thursday 27. We toiled through the rain ovet Peekskill moun- 
tains to Richard Jackson's, where we lodged, about eight miles 
from Poughkeepsie. In the night I was taken with a violent pain 
in niy knee. We have travelled over rough roads, and through 
great heat, since we left New- York, about one faundred miles. 



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1199.] BEV. F>RAMCI^ A&BURY^6 JOURKAL. 347 

Feferisb and foil of paiQ as I was, I attended meeting and gaye an 
exhortation. 

Saturday 29. I rode through heat, tvrenty-five miles, to Rhine- 
tieek ; the pain, in my knee subsided. On Sabbath-day I preached 
at the school charch upon ''Grace be with all them that love oof 
Lord Jesus Christ. ' Brother Lee gare a sermon on the fruits of 
the Spirit. 

Monday, July I. I rested. My health is somewhat better. I 
must confers ! never felt so great a resolution to resign the general 
superintendancy as 1 do now ; .and if matters do not work more to 
toy mind, it is highly probable I shall : my prayers and council will 
be turned this way until next general conference. 

Tuesday 2. I. visited i)|r. Sand's family ; and on Wednesday 
breakfasted with Mrs. Montgomc;ry at her beautiful retreat. Dined 
at Mrs. Livingston's, on the manor ; an aged, respectable mother 
of many children. The house, the garden, the river view — all 
aight afford much painting for the pen of a Hervy. Brother 
Garrettson and his agreeable wife attended us. 
"^^^^hursday 4. We rode twenty miles to what is called Hudson- 
Cfty ; a mere blank. 

Friday 5. Excessively warm : we stopped at Kinderhook, and 
at Miller's, time enough to bide from a heavy gust ; we then came 
oti to Albany : we have rode tbirty^five miles this day. I received 
a healing letter from T. M. ; but batters will not easily be done 
away with me ; if it were one or two only that were concerned, it 
vould be but little ; but it is hundreds, yea, thousands of traveling 
and local preachers and official men ; and thousands of people also. 

Saturday 6. 1 was awaked at twelve o'clock exceedingly sick, 
iaod totally disabled fpr public service ; I was not able to sit up 
ODttl six o'clock in the evening. I rode two miles out of the city, 
t6 Mr. Marks's. 

Monday 8. Rode to Coeyman's landing ; and then to the stone 
chapel ; here we have the good news of souls converted at prayer 
meeting. Rode in the rain and damp six miles to brother Blod* 
gett's, upon Hocketuck, in Albany county and circuit ; here also I 
found the labours of Anning Owens had been blest in the awaken- 
ing of some young women. Our congregation was large : 1 gave 
an exhortation and a prayer in much weakness of body. We rode 
back the same evening a few miles to father Waldron's. 

Wednesday 10. 1 rose at five o'clock, very unwell ; but must 
tieeds ride in the heat and dust, over hills and rocks, thirty-five 
miles, and came to Crawford's and Dillon's about four o'clock ; 



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34& RET, FRANCIS ASBtftV'g JOVAKAL. [17§^« 

weary as I was, I could not feel saUsied wilboQt prayer aad «x« 
bortatioD. We haye rode in three days, upwards of sixty lules^ 
and held a oaeetiDg each day. 

Thursday 11. We rode nine miles to CockbaroV, in Ulster 
county : here 1 gave a small exhortation to a small congregation ; 
it was a day of small things ^ but it may not be so always. 

Friday 12. I rode fifteen miles to Hurley, and stopped at Cixt^ 
neliua Cole's ; no appointments had been made ; but we called 
aymeeting in the erening. I rested on Saturday 13 at' Marble-* 
town. 

Sabbath day 14. I was very unwell, and the day was ?ery warm; 
I made an attempt to preach or Matt. xxv. 34 — 46. ; a marble- 
hearted 4:oDgregation as well as Marbl^-town ; and probably will 
remain so whilst the love of the world predominates c family 
prayer, class meetings, and prayer meetings, are neglected. Bra^ 
ther Lee preached at Hurley in the evening, and I gave a dosing 
exhortation. 

Monday 15." We rode through dost and heat, witbout refresh* 
ment, twenty-five miles to Degoes ; here the people of the house 
seemed all soul ; we could not leave the place until we had callld 
a meeting. 

Tuesday 16. We rode fifteen miles to Samuel Fowler's, and 
dined :* we then rode on to meet my appointment at Mr. £llison's. 

Wednesday 17. Jesse Lee gave an awakening discourse from 
iCor. XV. 68. . • 

Thursday 18. We rode over hills and rocks, through heat, and 
with hungef*, twenty weight miles, without stopping until we came tot 
Leizier's, near the Jersey line, Orange county. We have travelled 
and toiled nearly four hundred miles through this state : w^ary ai 
I was, I must needs ride ^ve miles farther to Nicholas SimoasoR's> 
where I was comfortably entertained. 

Ne w- JERSBY.-p-Friday 1 9. We came on to Sussex court-bouse ; 
dined, and pushed on to father freeman's — no appointments. At 
night I was taken with great distress in my bo web, which held me 
two nights and a day. 

Saturday 20. 1 rode in great pain and heat, hungry and sick, 
twenty-five miles to Mr. M^Collock's : how wekome a good house, 
kind friends, and a cold day ! What is the cause of my affliction? 
Is it the water, or the weather, or my bilious habit? I am at a 
loss to know. 

Sabbath day 21. At Colonel M'CoUock's. Having been so un^ 
well for some days past,, it was enough for me to exhort a little 



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ItM.] • 1WEV. FKANCIS ^SBimir'S JOURNAL. ^4^ 

aft«r Jeflst te^ had given them two sermons. J was visited in the 
eTe&iog by John Hannah, an aged, social Presbyterian minister. 

Monday 22. I rose to ride to James Bryan's, Bucks county, 
Laycock township^. Pennsylvania. We followed Miskineeco 
Creek to the mouth ; we had traced the head branches of it al- 
ready ; it is a most beaotifol, useful stream, running through a rich 
vale into Delaware River, at Hunt's ferry. The weather is 
warm, and the roads uneven ; we had a journey of about thirty 
miles. We have travelled about sixty-five miles through Jersey, 
and about five hundred in a month. 

Pennsylvania. — Wednesday 24. We rose at^hree o'clock in 
the morning, and began our journey at five, over ridges and rpcks, 
twenty-eight miles to Pottsgrove. We did not eat until we came to 
Coventry. — Thirty-six miles is the amount of this day's journey. 
Q heat, drought, and dust I 

Thursday 25. We had a most dreadful time over the mountains 
to the forest chapel ; here we found the people much engaged in 
religion ; this was a balm for every sore. - We dined at Kerbury's 
jnd lodged at Abraham Lewis's. 

Friday 26. We rode twenty miles to New-Holland, and had a 
sample of bad roads for a sulky. Here some souls have been 
brought to Christ. I was exceedingly spent for want of sleep and 
rest. After five o'clock we rode with elder Ware towards Stras- 
hurg ; night came on and lefit me two miles from the place in the 
woods — in darkling shades, a new cut road, and stumpy path. We 
came in about nine o^clock, having rode twelve miles. Thank 
the Lord for whole bones ! 

Sabbath day 28. There was preaching in Thomas Ware's or- 
chard, in Strasburg ; we had the respectables of the town, and 
a large assembly. This place contains, I judge, between s'My and 
seventy dwelling bouses. 

Monday 29. I visited Jacob Boehm's ; God hath begun to bless 
the children of this family; The parents have followed us nearly 
the space of twenty years. 

Tuesday 30. We had a serious earthquake at five o'clock ; the 
earth is growing old; it groans and trembles; which is the neces- 
sary consequence of "palsied eld." I visited John Miller's; 
thence we rode six miles to Martin Boehm's. 
. Wednesday 31 . We had a comfortable meeting at Boehm's church. 
Here Keth the dust of WUIiam Jessop and .Michael R. Wilson. .1 
feebly attempted a discourse upon Hebr. vi. 12. In the evening 
we rode to Abraham Cagy's, near the mouth of Pagan Creek. 



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;i50 REV. FRANCIS ASBURY's JOVfUffAl. £l799^ 

Tharsday, August 1. After a suspensioD of rain in some parted 
for two, four, six, and eight weeks, we had a gracious, moderate 
rain : on Friday the rain continued quickening, and thus saving the 
latter fraits of the earth. I rode to Mrs. Elizabeth Wrighf s. W# 
crossed Canastoga at the mouth of Little Canastoga ; we had sL 
very uneven path. Mrs. Wright's family are blessed — all tbecbil« 
dren profess religion — a father and daughter have died in the Lord. 
Our friends ^lowied us from Paqua. Martin Boehm is all upon 
wings and springs since the Lord hath blessed bis grandchildren ; 
bis son Henry is greatly led out in pnblic eiercises. 
. Saturday 3. We rode to Columbia, formerly called Wright 
Ferry. The excessive warmth of the sun in crossing the water 
made me sick. We stopped at Drinnon's ; here we met Seely 
Bunn ; he bad very late notice of our coming on Sabbath day. 
Seely Bunn preached in Little York, and Jesse Lee in the evening. 
I gave a short exhor^^on. Twenty miles made our Saturday's 
ride. 

Monday 5. We set off for Maryland : I rode thirteen miles, and 
had my horse fed and shod. We continued on and dined at Littlea- 
town, twenty-five miles, well spent with heat, hunger, and thirst. 
We then rode, on ted miles to Tauny-Town : the inhabitants here, 
and hereabouts, are chiefly Germans and Romans. We crossed 
the Maryland lice, and lodged at Bentley's. Next morning we 
rode on to Jeremiah Browning's, seventeen miles, before we break* 
fasted. 

Maryland. — It may suffice to say my mind hath been kept in 
great peace ; but 1 have been greatly afflicted and dejected with 
pain aod labour. We have visited six districts since the sitting of 
the Baltimore conference ; and in four out of six there is a happy 
revival of religion ; on the eastern shore-rin Jersey — Albany — 
and Pennsylvania : and we hear a rumour of a revival in the ndrtli- 
em district of Virginia. 

We attempted a meeting at Lewis Brenining's, at his mill near 
Woodsbury. In the evening we rode to Liberty, and lodged at 
Daniel Dorsey's. Ob, heat ! heat ! We have rode twelve miles 
this day. 

Thursday 8. We held a meeting in the woods near Liberty ; 
the houses were not large enough for our congregation. I visited 
£li Dorsey, and saw the children of my dear nurse, Sarah Dors'ej, 
and the place where her dust is deposited until the resurrection ; 
Oh, once lovely features of body and mind ! but above all her tri. 
umphant death ! 



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1^99.] lUEV. FRANCIS ASBimT'S JOURNAL ► 351 

Friday 9. I eame eight miles to £dward OwiDgs's^ where I re<i 
ceived every mark of affection I could desire. 

Saturday 10. We rode to Stephen Shermardine's : it was well we 
bad a short ride of four miles, the weather being so excessiyel/ 
warm : here we were treated kindly. 

Sabbath day 1 1. We had a meeting at Fredericktown. I exhort* 
ed a little at every one of the above places. 

We rode oi^er the Catoctin Mountain to Samuel Philips's, to see 
his dear wife, who was very low ; the people came together, and 
John Potts gave them a sermon ; it was but little I could give^ 
them. 

Monday 12i We rode to Joseph lEio ward's, upon Carroirs manor, 
where we had a 'comfortable meeting. 

ViRuiwiA, — Tuesday 13. We crossed the Potomac at Noland'a 
ferry : the river was so low that those on horseback forded it i I 
came over with the carriage in the flat, i think of nothing less 
than the resignation of my office of superintendent at the general 
43anference. 

Wednesday 14. We had a full meeting at Leesburgh : many of 
the brethren and sisters from societies iq the country attended ; it 
was the time of court. A company of soldiers collecting attended in 
.good order. 

Thursday 15. We rode twenty-eight miles to Charlestown. 
We ^ad a very rocky, uneven rode. We stopped at Key's ferry, 
and were kindly entertained. Friday at eleven o'clock we held 
a meeting in Charlestown, and then rode on eighteen miles to Mill- 
Jboroagb. 

Saturday 17. We had a comfortable rain ; after which we rode 
on four miles to Winchester. Sabbath day we held meeting, and 
were about five hours in love- feast, preaching, sacrament, and 
isxhortation, I rode home with John B. Tilden, seven miles from 
t-own. 

Monday 19. We rode to Stepfaensburgh : here we held meeting. 
. Tuesday SO, and Wednesday 21, it rained-^we could not be more 
welcome at any place, or more richly accommodated than we were 
at Elijah Phelps's. . 

Thursday 22. We rode fifteen miles to Lewistown, whei;^ we 
4ined> and then rode on to Pinnell's. Oh, the rocks, ridges, and 
gutters we had to cross at Chestefs-Gap ! I would prefer riding two 
hundred miles upon the lowlands than seventy to Henry Fryers, 
kn Madison. 



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352 R&V. VAANOI9 ASBCllY'S JO^MAl.. £1799. 

Friday S3. We rode twenty miles and dined. We pasaed Cul- 
pepper court-house, and came within fonr miles of Henry • Frye's^ 
and stopped at a tavern, after riding in great heat and haste. I was 
sick : from bard labour, want of rest, abd want of cofiee, my sto« 
mach and bowels were greatly agitated : 1 need much faith and good 
water. 

Saturday 24. We landed at the mansion, upon the banks of 
Bobertson. Henry Frye may console himself with, the last words 
of David, 2 Sam. zxiii. 1 — 7. I obtained an extract from Whitby 
on the Episcopacy of the Early Ages of the Christian Church. 

Sunday 25. We preached at the Springs to about one hundred 
attentive people. I took a bad coldt and was very unweli» 

Monday 26. We rode between thirty and fbr^ miles to John 
Lasley's. 

Tuesday 27. We had a crowded audience at the chapel : like- 
wise at M'Gee's on Wednesday ; on wiitch day I rode twenty 
miles, and lodged at Richard FergnsonVk Thursday, at « new 
house in the woods, I preached on Psalms Ixxxiv. d. : and oa 
Friday 30 i rode eighteen miles to Hezekiah Arnold's. ^ 

Saturday 31, and Sunday, September 1. I attended quarterly 
meeting at Devenport's meeting-house ; and we had large con^e- 
gations each day ; — there was a shouting among the people. I 
attempted to preach upon Hosea xiv. 4. Afler meetings i was in- 
vited to spend a night at Colonel Fountain's. 

Monday £. At Beaver Creek' meeting-house we had a lively 
time. I have travelled, since I came into Virginia, through Loo- 
den, Berkley, Frederick, Shanandoah, Culpepper, Ma&oUy 
Orange, Louisa, and Hanover counties. 

Wednesday 4. We came to Richmond ; since Friday week we 
bare travelled two hundred miles ; to which we may add the labour . 
ofonr meetings ; in common three hours long, and sometimes longer. 

James O^Kelly hath sent out another pamphlet, and propounded 
terms of union himself; for the Fresbytertans, Baptists, and Me* 
thodists. The Presbyterians must give up their confimssion of faith. 
The Baptists, if they open a more charitable door, adult dipping. 
The Methodists must give up the episcopacy, and form of disci- 
pline»; renounce the articles of their religion, and the doctrine of 
the Trinity. 1 ask in turn, what will James give up f His Unitariaa 
errors ? Did he think the Protestant Episcopalians beneath kia no- 
tice ? I am now more fully satisfied than over that his book is not 
worthy of an answer. 



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1799.] Rev. 9&Afrcis asbvrt's jouftNAt* 363 

^pday 8. I left coy retreat at John Ellis's ; — a most s^reeable, 
social, solitary situation, within two miles of Richmond. I would 
have preached within the walls of our new house at Richmond, hu^ 
the eicessire rain we have had of late prevented ; I was closed 
op in an upper room. My subject at Manchester, was 2 Tim» 
ii. Id. 

Monday 9. We rode twelve miles to Falling-Creek church, 
where I spoke from Rom. v. 12. There is some small stir aboi^^ 
religion here. 

Tuesday 10. We rode twdre miles to Godfrey's, an aged maqi 
that stood alone when Mr. O' Kelly made a rent in the society, 
Ood hath blessed our labours here ; several souls, with his own 
children, are now brought to God. My subject here was 1 John 
i. 6, 7. 

Wednesday 11. At Mavey's, my foundation was Matt» vi. 6. I 
observed. First, What things we are directed to pray for: 
Secondly, The rules to be attended to in prayer — the precept and 
example of Christ and the saints : Thirdly, The promise ; '* Your 
Father that seetb in secret, shall reward you openly." 

I put a blister upon my breast. Brother Whatcoat preached at 
Charity chapel ; where we administered the sacrament. We went 
home with John Hobson, and were treated with every mark of 
kindness we could desire. On Friday I preached at Smith's 
-church ; dined at Robert Smithes, and then rode on in a very warm 
^and dry day, twenty-six miles, to Daniel Guerrant's, and came in a 
little after eight o'clock in the evening. I have stretched along 
through Chesterfield, Powhatan, Cumberland, Buckingham, into 
Prince Edward county ; and this wbiist enduring a raw and rua- 
•oiing blister upon my breast, excessive beat, and with very litjtle 
rest by night or by day : 1 would not live always : weary world ! 
when will it end ? 

Saturday 14. At Lackland's meeting-house I preaobed on 2 
Peter ii. 17, 18. And on Sabbath-day on Psalm cii. 11 — 14. I 
felt some special assistance. I lodged at mother Lackland's. — The 
weather was very close and warm. On Monday we had a curious 
«de about the hills of Appomatox river, to Robert Martin's, eight 
miles. 

Tuesday 17. We rode twenty miles to Mount Pleasant. ! put a 
blister in the morning to my breast ;— -but I must go to meeting 
and preach. Why ? because the Presbyterian minister and some 
lOf his flock came, to hear me : my subject was Zech. xii. 10. 

Vol. If. 46 



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354 REV. FRANCIS ASBURT'S JOURNAL. [iVm 

Thanday 19. We roJe twelve milet to WlUiani Speneer'g ; iitd 
had a comfortable meefing io his ichooMioiue ; he keeps a Chrie* 
tian school. 

Friday 20, We came fifteen miles to John Spencer's, near €liar<- 
lotte court- bouse. We have felt great spiritual affection an^ fel* 
lovrship in our meetings this week. Richard Whatcoat attended m 
through the district, with a very sore teg ; and myself had a sore 
breast inside and out. 

Saturday 21. I rested at my hospitable home, that hath been so 
these twenty years, in Colonel Bedford's day, and now in John 
Spencer's ; these people have not turned me out of doors, by sepe- 
riation, defamation, or reproach ; they have made no such return 
for my love and labours, although some have done it. I could not 
be quite idle : 1 read over one number of my journal, and wrote 
a few letters. 

Sabbath day 92. f had thoughts of staying at home^ ae ttiere 
were no lefts than eight preachers at the quarterly meeting et 
Taply's ; however I concluded to go. I gave an eihortation, and 
returned the same evening : our meeting was held in a dead pkM^ 
yet we had a lively time. 

Monday 23. I crossed Stanton River, and rode into Halt&K 
county ; we made it thirty miles to Hawkins LandraiMi^s. Tuesday 
we had a large congre&;ation and an affecting time upon the hanks 
of Banister River: here I saw only two persons that!, was ac- 
quainted with twenty years ago— they were brother Baker and his 
wife. I lodged at Robert Chapel's. 

Wednesday 25* We rode to Armistead Shelton's, in Pittsylvania, 
twenfy miles : we stopped to dine, pray, and feed our horses, at 
Clement M'Daniel's ; the roads were much broken in some plac^, 
and it was as much as we could perform to reach Shehon's by son* 
set. My mind is calm — my body in better health. 

Thursday 26. A congregation of from three to five hundred at- 
tended Divine worship : religion decHnes in this society ; W0 ad- 
vised close class-meetings, weekday prayer meetings, with fasting 
or abstinence. On Friday we rode twelve miles to Carter's, 
where a large company attended; my subject was, ** What shaO 
the end be of them that obey not the Gospel of God? '^ 

Saturday 28. We had to travel a most uneven path up Sandy- 
River to George Adam's, twenty miles. Sunday 29. I attended at 
Watson's meeting-house, and preached from Zephaniah iii. 12, 13. 
I was much assisted, and much wearied by the time I had baptieied 



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1799.] iiEV. FiUNCis abbvuy's jovknal. 35d 

several childreo. I visited our brethren, Trahao and Cbarch, 
from Marylaod, who have heeo Methodists for twenty-five years, 
and atill not weary in well-doing. 

. NoRta CAROiifNA. — We crossed Dan-River at Perkin*s ferry, 
entering North Carolina, and came to John Harris's in Rocking- 
bflfm county ^-^fiious souls from Dorset in Maryland. 

By resting at times in this solitary, country life, I have my health 
better; whilst 1 am, in some degree, free from the knowledge and 
care of the church at large. On Tuesday, at Smith's meeting- 
boHse* I gave a short discourse on Hebr. iii. 12, 13. We dined 
aC Martin's, and then came on to father Low's : we have rode but 
eight miles this day. 

At JjOw's meeting-house a large congregation attended ; I spoke 
upon Isai. il. 1. The heat was very painful. I suppose we con- 
gregate from three to six thousand souls weekly ; thus, if no more, 
I can say that my travelling hath brought thousands to hear the 
Oospel, who, probably, would not otherwise have heard it. 

Thursday, October 3. We rode twelve miles to Covey's in Guil- 
Sfurd cennty ; I thought it best to decline preaching for a few days. 
. Friday 4. We rode twelve miles to Mrs. Campbell's, upon the 
eouth fork of Haw River. We had to work our way through the 
woods. Saturday and Sunday, I attended quarterly meeting at Bethel, 
upon Belew'fi Creek, where I ordained five deacons, and preached 
from 1 Tim. vi. 11, 12. : we had a gracious time. We have rode 
only twenty miles in two days. 1 lodged at M'Daniel'e. 

Monday 7. We rode through Stokes county, and attended meet- 
ing at Love's church, which has glass windows, and a yard fenced 
in. After Jesse Lee, I added a few words on Hebr. ii. 1. We 
tfien came up to William Jean's, near the Moravian Old-town* We 
have rode nearly twenty miles this day. Sitting in meeting so many 
hours among such a multitude of people, and frequently with a 
blister on my breast, with the difficulties of driving along broken 
paths, cause me to be variously tried and comforted. 

. Tuesday 8* We held meeting and had a multitude of Germans 
present. I improved a httle upon 2 Cor. v. 13, 14. 

Wednesday 9. We rode through Salem ; here they have lately 
built a very grand church. The day was cloudy ; the rain began 
to fall opoo us about a mile from Captain Markland's, on Muddy 
Creeks where we came after riding seventeen miles. 

Thursday 10. Close housed ; about twelve souls attended, not* 
wsthstandiag it rained powerfully, to whom I lectured on Hebr. xii. 
1— *4. I had di interview .with Samuel Kenmish, the Moravian 



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5b6 KtV. FllAVCIB ASBVRY's JOVftNAL. ^itS^/ 

mioiflter, and visited him. Friday 11. At M'KDigbi's ; — a y^qr wx* 
comfortable day : tbeoce we rode on to Hardy Jones's, fifteen iiulea«r 

Saturday 12. I said but little at the Academiqal school-faooa^^ 
•now a bouse for God. 1 went to see Charles Clayton and wtfiB, 
who were sick. 

Sabbath day 13. Rode thirteen miles to Whilaker's cluircliy 
where 1 g;a?e a short sermon on '* Casting all your care apoa 
Him, for he careth for you." I was both sick and tired. 

Monday 14^ We came to Sbadracb DiaFs, from Delaware, near 
Choptank, who in his younger days attended my ministry to advim-^ 
Cage. I feel^ in generali great weakness of body, but great confi- 
dence in God, and constant and near access by prajper. We are 
now upon Cedar and Dutchman's Creeks, id Rowan county. 

Tuesday 15. It rained and we rested. On Wednesday we came^ 
twelve miles, to BeaPs chapel, where, aAer Jesse Lee had discoar* 
sed upon the word of the Lord as a fitt and a hammtr^ I added a 
few words on ** Take heed how ye hear," who ye hear« what 
doctrine ye hear— hear in fdith, with prayer, with application* ' 
upon all the truths of God. We dined, and then hasted on ei|^ 
miles to Prather's, in Iredell county. Directly after crossing 
Hunting Creek, a little circumstance took place, which, if it haA 
happened id the creek, might have been attended with some disa- 
greeable consequences ; it was caused by one of the hooks of the 
swingle tree giving way. 

At Basil Prather's chapel, I gave my thoughts upon '* Ever learo* 
ing, and never able to come to the knowledge oi the truth :" 1 fear 
this will be the case with many souls. 

Thursday 17. We came up the ridges, between Rocky and 
Hunting Creeks, eight miles, to John Templeton's ; over a path 
iio sulky ever went before; my testimony was founded upoa 
James iv. 2,3. 

Friday 18. We had a very uneasy ride of fifteen miles, on the 
borders of Surry county, over to Doctor Brown's, in Wilkes 
County. I feel my mind in great peace and resignation, both as it 
respects the church of God, and my own soul. The Presbyterians 
here are much more friendly with the Methodists now than for- 
merly : 1 dare not say it is policy ; it may be piety. 

Saturday 19. We rode through a damp, and in the end, a rain)^ 
day, twenty miles to George Gordon's, near Wilkes court- boaae: 
we crossed and r^crossed tbe Yadkin River. 

Sunday 20. This is my American birtb-day ; I have now passed 
twenty-eight years upon this continent. Do I wish to live them 



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11^89.} KfcV. FBANCXS ASBVEY's JOIJBNAt. 337 

over again ? by no means ; I donbt if T conid mend it in my weak-^ 
nisr and old age ; I could not come up to what f have done: I 
ahonld be dispirited at what would be presented before me. 

Monday 21. We came eight miles to William Trible's ; we had 
an open time at a barren place* and 1 felt di?ine aid in a short im- 
provement on Gal. ii. 19, 20» 

Tuesday 22. We had asettous, laborious ride of thirty miles, to 
William White's, Esqnire, upon Johns River, Barke county. In 
this route we had to cross the Yadkin ten times ; Elk and Buffalo, 
each twice : twenty miles of the path were good ; ten miles tin* 
eren, with short hills, stumps, sideling banks, and deep ruts : I 
bave renewed my acquaintance with these rivers ; they afford 
valuable levels, with rising hills and high mountains on each side r 
the prospect is elegantly variegated; here are grand heights ; and 
there Indian corn adorns the vales : the water flows admirably 
clear, murmuring through the rocks, and in the rich lands, gently 
gliding deep alnd silent between its verdant banks : — and to atl this 
may be added pure air. 

«^*Wednesday 23, and Thursday 24. Our quarterly meeting was 
held at William White's, Esquire, and grand patriarch of this settle- 
ment, whose family of children, grandchildren, &c. are numerous 
and extensively established here. Jesse Lee sermonized each 
day. My discourse the first day was 1 Tim. iv. 12 — 16. Let no 
tnan despise thy youth. I. That Timothy should be exemplary to 
believers, in his words, which formed his conversation ; — at all 
times, and upon all subjects : — he that offendeth not with his 
tongue, is a perfect man ; — in charity y love, and beneficence: in 
Tspirity the spirit of bis mind and temper ; purity of heart and 
intention : in faith ; justifying, persevering faith ; confidence in the 
sure promises and prophecies of God's word : attendance to read-- 
ir^; the word of God in the church, in families, in the closet : 
exhortation; as a gifl of God, in which some excel : doctrine; the 
grand doctrines of the Gospel — man's original rectitude — his fall-— > 
the atonement — repentance — justification—sanctification — the re- 
surrection—the last judgment, and final rewards and punishments. 
The gift that is in thee by prophecy ; it is probable, some person see- 
ing the piety and simplicity of Timothy, had been moved by the 
Holy Ghost to prophesy that he would be a faithful minister of 
Christ ; — the laying on of the hands of the presbytery The elder- 
&hip->-here the apostle mentioneth the eldership ; and in the first 
chapter of the second epistle, sixth verse, the laying on or putting 
on of his own hands upon Timothy. That Timothy and Titus were 



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358 K£V. FAANCIS ASHURV'S J4>lfA9At. (1799^ 

apostles, and exeroiied episiiopal |K»«rer8, is fHw : they wete io'^ 
stnicted coQcer&ing bishops, elders, aod deacons, what charaotera- 
they should be. Titus was left io Crete, aod directed to ordaipi 
elders in every city. Meditate upon these iMngs : DiiDisteTS shoiild 
be men of much meditatioti and prayer ; men of cofitemplativ«l 
minds, and ready to give np their mental and bodily powers whollj 
to the work of the Lord : Thai % pricing may etppear to aU men; 
io all things belonging to thy ministerial and Christian calling* The 
second day of the quarterly meeting 1 exhorted. 

Friday 25. We had to cross and recross the Johns River, and 
man it over the hills. I came to Connelly's, twenty-five miles, and 
dined about five o'clock. I saw a natural curiosity in the monn* 
tains ; — an old trunk of a poplar had fallen, and four limbs of it 
had taken root at proper distances from each other, and had grown 
to be large trees — from fifty to sixty feet high, and eighteen inches 
in diameter. 

Saturday 26. I stayed at the bouse, to read, write, and plan a 
little. I tremble and faint under my burden ; — having to ride 
about six thousand miles annually ; to preach from three to five 
hundred, sermons a year ; to write and read so many letters, and 
read many more :>— all this and more, besides the stationing of 
three hundred preachers; reading many hundred pages; and 
spending many hours in conversation by day and by night, with 
preachers and people of various characters, among whom are 
many distressing cases. 

Sunday 27. The morning was damp and cloudy, yet i must needs 
go to the quarterly meeting, which was held in a very open house : 
my improvement was the first epistle of John iii. 18 — ^22. The 
meeting lasted five hours. 

Monday 28. We rode about forty miles, and fed upon the path. 
We came to Daniel Asbury's, in Lincoln county. 1 crossed oaoe 
more at the Horae Fordy where 1 was formerly in danger of being 
drowned : at that time the river was high, myself weak, the horse 
I rode, low, aod young ; and we went io at an improper place upon 
the rocks, and amongst the falls of |tbe river. 

Daniel Asbury, an experienced guide, conducted me across this 
time ; but not without some difficulty : his horse stumbled and wet 
his feet ; and my bead began to swim before we got through ; and 
my carriage to pitch over the large stones, and small rocks :— I 
think I bid a final adieu to this ford : if I must try this route again, 
I am inclined to go by Morgan-Town, the capital of Burke county* 

The winter approacheth — we must hasten south. 



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I9'99lJ b&v. FftAKCisr asbviit's joviisrix. 339 

Tntfdayfiid. In the fDorDiDg I resM : in the eveniiig I walked 
mit and preached, that the people might both see and hear me ; mj 
enhjeot was 1 Thess. ii. 11, IS. 

Wedoesday 30. We rode to Williaoa's chapel ; where Jesse 
E^e preached. I added a few words. We then hasted to the 
widow Featherston'Sy on Dtttchman's Creek. We have rode thirty 
miles this day over very nneven roads. We soon called a meeting 
after our arrivsd. 

Thotsday 3J. We crossed the south branch of Catahaw, and 
soon after passed the line between North and South Carolioas^ 
into York county. In consequence of our wandering out of our 
w^y ia the Hickory barrens, we made it thirty i&iles to Alexander 
HiU's; where we held.amecfting. God hath blessed the son and 
daughter of our host, which is better to him than thousasds of 
gold. . 

South Carolina.— Friday, November 1. We had a strange 
route of twenty miles to Josiah Smith's, on Broad-River^ Union 
county. Here we held a meeting. 

> - Saturday 2. We tvme to Woads*Ferry upon Brood, at the mouth 
of Pacolet River, near a small town caUed Pinkneyville : thenc^ 
to Spray's, over Tyger and Hendricks bridge, on the Enoree : we 
were benighted among the woods. The wsuioos and waters had 
made such deep ruts and guUies, that I almost despaired of getting 
onward, until 1 thought of the expedient of leaving the carriage, 
and mounting the horse's back, by which means I was better able to 
guide him : we came into Colonel Benjamin Herndoo's, about 
seven o'clock, where we met brothers Blantoo, Black, Norman, 
and Smith. 

On Sabbath day I edmmented upon Romans ii. 16. Aceordiog 
to my enumeration I have travelled one hundred and sixty ^iles 
in four days. 

Monday 4. I rested. 

Tuesday 5. I rode eight miles to Odell's chapel, Laurens county : 
it was a damp day, and we had an open house. I lodged at Henry 
Davies's, a native of Annarundell county, Maryland. 

Wednesday 6. We came to Zoar chapel ; a new, unfinished build- 
ing ; the morning was rainy, yet two or three dozen .people attend* 
ed : we lodged at William Holland's. 

Thursday 7. We rode sixteen miles in haste to attend the funeral 
of Nehemiah Franks, an aged man, who, we hope, died in the 
Lord ; Jesse Lee preached the funeral sermon ; after which I made 
an improvement upon Joseph's prophecy Gen. xl. 24. " And Joseph 



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3d0 fizv. pfuHcis AfiBtdiT's JomuruJ fl7d9t 

iaid onto bu brethren, I die ; and God will Aorelj Tiait yea." 1 
made fome obfterFations on his typical and graciom character ; hie 
early piety, his persecution from his brethren, his scenes of nd« 
▼ersity, imprisonment, exposure to death, and slavery ; bis piety 
in prosperity and worldly honour ; an example for us ; bow God 
visited the Israelites, and how he hath visited the pe<^e of 
America. 

Satorday and Sunday. Qaarterly meeting at 6raoriet% ; I made 
a discourse upon Titus ii. 3. ; we had a good seasop. 1 onfy gave 
an exhortation on the Sabbath. We are now at the widow Bram« 
blet's, ten miles from the widow Frank's. 

Benjamin Blanton came up with us sick ; his famous hone died 
of the staggers ; he reported two hfindred and sixty dollars ; and 
be had received from the connexion in four years two hundred and 
fifty dollars* If we do not beneBt the people we bate but little of 
their money : such is the ecclesiastical revenue of all our order. 

Monday 11. We rode sick, weary, and hungry, tbfongb a most 
barren country. Jesse Lee stopped to preach at Colonel Wolfe-s ( 
1 rode OB to the Tumbling Shoals Ford, upon Reedy-River; thence 
on to William PoweU's, upon the banks of Fair Seleoda ; 1 came in 
as usual, sick indeed, after riding thirty miles ; jol^ng over the 
roots, stumps, holes, and gullies. 

Tuesday 12. Rode five miles to King's chapel ; there were six 
travelling preachers present : the house was very open, and the 
two sermons and love-feast held three hours ; i was chilled ex* 
ceedingly ; my subject was E^hesians v. 1 — ^3. 

Wednesday 13. We rode westward sixteen miles, to Warwick 
Bristoe's, where we held meeting, and then rode to Berry's ford; 
thence to Thomas Terry's, a Yorkshire Methodist, whom 1 married 
seven yearsvago to Ann W. Dowell, his present good wife, from a 
Methodist stock on the mother's side in Ireland. 

Thursday 14. We rode ten miles to the Golden Grove, i^ Cox's 
meeting house ; my subject was 1 John ii. SO. It is agreed that this 
is the best society we have in South Carolina: the land here is 
rich. We lodged at deacon Tarrant's. On Friday we crossed 
Seleuda at Wilson's ferry, and rode fifteen miles to Thomas Wil- 
lingham's, upon the Indian lands 

Saturday 15. We rode ten miles to Nash's meetinf^bouse, in 
Pendleton county ; where I glossed upon Colossians i; 27, 28. I 
was much afiected with the faces and manners of this people. Mr. 
James Nash is not, nor any of his family, in fellowship with us, 
but are our most kind friends : we were used in the very best 



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ltd?.] MIV. FRAKCIi ASBORt's JOimVAL. 361 

amnoer, and this was more abandaiitly acceptable : frimdi in neii 
are friends indeed. We had to preach in an open boose ; it was 
a summer's daj ; we had a love feast and sacrament : my subject 
was 2 Pet^r ii.' 9. — the congregation was yery large. 

Gkoroia. — Monday 17. We rode twenty-six miles into the stats 
of Georgia, crossed Rocky-River, properly so called, lil^ewise the 
Savannah at the Cherokee-Ford : it was wide, deep, and there were 
large rocks in it, and I had no guide ; however, we came safe to 
William Tait's in Elbert county. Little did 1 think I should ever 
visit Georgia again, much less the frontiers of it. It was a rainy 
d^y ; but I was kept dry in the felicity j not so with brothers Lee 
and Blanton. 

Tuesday 18. We attended at Tait's chapel, in the Forks : it was 
a cold day. I gave a short exhortation on Rev. xxi. 7. I passed 
a night with Charles Tait, formerly of Cokeshury, and was made 
exceedingly welcome aind comfortable. 

Wednesday 19. Rode twenty miles to Coldwater, in a cold day, 
and held meeting in a cold meeting-house, but we bad a warm- 
hearted people. 1 gave a brief sermon upon Ephes. v. 8. '' Walk 
as children of light." We lodged at, and were comfortably enter* 
tainedby Ralph Banks. 

Thursday 20. We rode sixteen miles, sometimes through the 
naked woods, to Redwine's ; where we bad an unexpected congre- 
gation in the solitary woods. I held forth on '' TJhe Son of Mao is 
come to seek and to save that which was lost." The house was 
open, but the people were simple-hearted, and very kind. 

Friday 21. We came, sixteen miles, to Carrol's meeting-house ; 
a new log cabin in the woods. Some of the -people of the congre- 
gation are from the east and west parts of Maryland; I felt that 
the Lord was with them. We have the kitchen, house, and chaoH 
ber all in one, and no closet but 4he woods. 

Saturday 22. At Park's new cabin chapel, after riding eighteen 
miles, 1 exhorted. We lodged at Stephen West Brook's. 

Sabbath day. Still at Park's chapel : I preached upon 2 Cor. 
vi. 1. I doubi if there were ever twice as many crowded in so 
small a house — some stood upon the benches, and others upon the 
floor : public and private meeting held five boors. We afterward 
had to ride ten or twelve piles to lodge at George Christian's. 
We travelled through Elbert, but mostly in Franklin county We 
have crossed about thirteen branches of Broad River. Three of 
them which riae near the head branches of Ocpnee^ are large. 

Vol. IL 46 



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9^ Etv* FfiAiieifl letORV's JOtmiiAt^. [1709L 

The hikl is notary fertile, except what lieth upon the irater* 
ciMinei. 

Tttonday 24. We were detained hy rain in the mormng, but eel 
off at nine o'clock, and cam^ in half past one, after riding twetart j 
niles to Charles Wakefield's, in O^etborpe county: so called 
after the first goremor of the state or profince. Beojamio Blan*- 
ton coith) go no fkrtber, bat went to bed with a hi(|^ fe?er. I de- 
tired Jesse Lee to attend the appointments over the Oconee. We 
bad the appearance of the beginning of winter, and were in a cold 
cabin, but with kind people. 

Tuesday 25* We came six miles to Cornelias M^Carty's. Here 
we had to drop anchor again : brother Blanton coald go no farther 
this day ; and as there were three of us in company, and one who 
was well able to do the woric, I felt it my doty to do as I would be 
done by, and have been done by, i. e. to itay and take tare of the 
sick man, 

Wednesday 26. After brother Blanton had> been Tory ill, and 
in bed nuNit of his time, I housed him in my carriage, and we 
proceeded down the Oconee, twelve miles, to Borrel Pope's, afteft> 
a heayy siege through the woods, from one plantation to another, 
on brother Blanton's stiff-jointed horse, that I would only ride to 
save souls, or the health of a brother. Our accommodations com- 
pensated for all. I admire the soft soil of Geoi^a, and it is ple»« 
aant to see the people ploughing on the last of November, as if it 
were the month of April. The weather was very cold on Thurs* 
day and Friday. Saturday I rode seven miles up to Hadson'e 
ford, at the mouth of TraiUCreek, to have a sight of Oconee- 
River. Jesse Lee visited the forks of the river, and ibrmed a 
circuit for one preacher. The land upon the river is good. I 
returned to Henry Pope's. 

Sabbath day 30. The weather still continues cold. At the 
■ew meeting-house my Object was Hebr. Hi. 12,* IS, 14. There 
appears to be more wealth than religion here. 

Monday, December 1. We rode twelve miles, in a very damp 
day, to the widow Steward's : we had a large congregation for the 
day and place. The widow's house stands upon a line b^ween 
Green and Oglethorpe counties. 

Tuesday 2. At Greenesborough', in gi large meeting-house buik 
1»y and for the Presbyterians, we held meeting. We lodged at 
William Ufton's. We have travelled in two days abdut thirty^ 
two miles. The badness of the weather^ and my censtant uneasi* 



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9M»ba¥9 iftjared lae much : I have spoken^ ?ery little io pttblio : — 
I drag aloog esceedioglj heavy. It is serious work to be.driying 
diroagb the back flettlements, and ha?iog open neetiog and dwell- 
ing housea, in the winter season. 

Wednesday 3. At Burke's meeting-boqse Jesse Lee preached, 
and I exhorted upon the importance of the ministry, and ordained 
brother Watts a local deacon. We lodged at John Crotchfield's ; 
where we bad a gracious family meeting. 

Thursday 4. We moved along in 9 cloudy, damp, cold day, four- 
teen miles, to Little Britain, a log peo» open at the top, bottom, and 
aides : a few people attended ; my subject was Matt. vit. 8. 

Friday 5. We rode, fifteen miles, through a heavy rain to HilFs 
meeting-house, upon Loog*Creek, where six or seven preachers, 
with a few, people attended : my subject was Hebr. x. 32. Hope 
Hull, Josias Randall, S. Cowles, and William Partridge came a long 
way to see me ; we had a family meeting at .mother Hill's* It is 
about twenty years since I first visited this house. 

Saturday 6, and Sabbath day 7. We held our quarterly meeting 
ait Jdark's meeting-house : I bad dreaded this appointment. I had 
some pain and some pleasure. The state of religion is low here. 
Hope Hull preached on Saturday upon Jer. x. 8. we had some 
signs to show that life had not entirely departed, in the love-feast 
and sacrament. Benjamin Blanton preached Sabbath day, from 
Isai. xxviii. 8. and I gave a gloss upon Joshua xiv. 8. *' Neverthe- 
less, my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the peo- 
ple melt ; but 1 wholly followed the Lord iny God." In the 'intro- 
duction peculiar attention was paid to the dealings of God with 
Israel from the beginning to the end ; the influence pions charac- 
ters had in the case before us — two prevailing against ten ; that 
the well-being of future generations required that a decided tone 
to the morals, manners, and religious opinions, should be given by 
the first settlers of the country. The weight of the discourse was 
opened in two divisions; First, What God had done for many 
Christians ; Secondly, Their unfaithfulness and complaints, (like 
the Israelites) and their bad infiuence upon the camp of Israel, as 
at the present day, 

Monday 8. We rode twenty miles to Hope Hull's, near Washing* 
ton, in Wilkes county. 

Tuesday 9, we rested ; and on Wednesday 10. 1 gave a discourse 
at Coke's chapel, upon Gal. vl. 9. The rain began as we closed 
the meeting. I dined at D.Merri weather's, and rode home with 



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364 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRT'S ^OITRNACi. [1799* 

Thomas Grant that evetiiag, and was detained on Thursday and 
Fridaj in consequence of a rain. 

We have bad an exceedingly heavy rain : the Little River was 
impaflsable ; but I was kindly and comfortably provided for. I la- 
ment the state of religion in these new settlements. New lands, 
new officers, and new objects, occupy the minds of the people* 
I invented a continental general plan of movement through. the 
eastern and western states, not much short of seven tbom^and 
miles. 

Saturday 13. f made an attempt to reach Philips's bridge : but 
was soon stopped by a creek. Thence we went to a mtlldam, 
full of holes and rolling stones. 1 did not choose to risk the over- 
turning of the carriage into the millpoBd or the creek ; so 1 return- 
ed to D. Merriweathef's, and appointed a meeting at Coke's chapel, 
and upon the Sabbath day gave them a long, weighty talk upon 
1 Cor. vii. 29. 

Monday 15. We had to take the rain and mud upon the Augusta 
road; the wagons had been detained by ^ high water ; men and 
wagons were very heavily loaded with rum. We rode twen^ 
four miles, and were kindly entertained at William Shield's. 

Tuesday 16. Rode ten miles to James Allen's, and behold, nei- 
ther the man nor his wife were at home ; the day was fair spent, 
and it was raining, so we stopped. 

Wednesday 17. Before we could get ready to move, itb^;an to 
rain powerfully. We came down the Augiista road, gouged up by 
wagons in a most dreadful manner, in consequence of whieh, we 
were five hours in going twelve miles to Thomas Haine's, upon 
Uchee. I had great intestine war, having eat but little ; but here 
we have all things comfortable. 1 doubt whether we shall be able 
to cross Savannah" River in five days from this time ; the former 
freshet being increased by latter rains. 

Thursday and Friday We rested. Saturday 19. We rode to 
M^Gee's to attend an appointment ; but the rain prevented the peo- 
ple from coming. 

Sabbath day 20. We came into Augusta town. I went in the 
morning to hear a sermon, and in the afternoon I gave one upon 
Hebr. ii. 1. We have preached several years in this town, but 
with little success : we want a house of our own here. On Mon- 
day 21 the waters were much assuaged. Augusta town is greatly 
improved in houses since I was here last. The boat trade from 
Savannah is very considerable. After waiting an hour on the banks 



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^ • \ 

i€00.] HEV. »ilAWCr''^*^T*8 JOITIlllAt. 366 

•f the rirer. we crcHised, and came id about sanset, after riding 
twenty-two miles to Cooper's in the iC"^^. 

South Carolina. — Tuesday 22. We ca^ >tweiity-tbree miles to 
Chester's, the best entertainment we coald find : it was bat for « 
night. 

Christmas day 25. We rode twenty* three miles to a po/e meeting- 
house, near Trotty's ; thence ten miles to Jacob Barr's : here I was 
•Dce more at home. 

Thursday 26. We rode down Edifito- River, which was much 
swelled by the late rains ; I dined at Murray's ; we then proceed- 
ed up the stream to Mr. Hall's: we haVe rode twenty -five' miles 
this day. 

Friday 27. We crossed at Fourhold's brids;e, which was scarcely 
passable, the water being deep, and spread out upon the low land, 
nearly three quarters of a mile. 

I came accidentally to my appointment at the Cypress chapel. 
My text was 1 Tim. ii. 5. ** For there is one God, and one Media- 
tor between God and men, the man Christ Jesus." I. The great 
im>portion there is between a holy God and fallen mankind. II. The 
absolute, indispensable necessity of a mediator in nature and office. 

Saturday 28. I never knew worse roads. I needed one to hold 
on one side of my carriage to prevent my being overset in the mud. 
Sabbath day I preached in the old church upon Psalm cxtiii. 24, 26. 
On Monday and Tuesday we had a little rest. 

Wednesday, January 1, 1800. We began our conference in 
Charleston, twenty three members present. I had select meetings 
with the preachers each evening, who gave an account of the deal- 
ings of God with their own souls, and of the circuits they supplied 
the past year. 

Saturday 4. After determining by a large majority that our next 
meeting together (by divine permission) should be in Camden ; the 
conference rose. 

Slow moved the northern post on the eve of new year's day, and 
brought the heart-distressing information of the death of Washing- 
ton, who departed this life December 14, 1797. 

Washington, the calm, intrepid chief, the disinterested friend, 
first father, and temporal saviour of his country under divine pro*- 
tection and direction. A universal cloud sat upon the faces of the 
citizens of Charleston ; the pulpits cloatbed in black— the bells 
muffled — the paraded soldiery-^a public oration decreed to be 
delivered on Friday 14tb of this month — a marble statue to be placed 
in some proper sitiatioR. These were the expressions of sorrow. 



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3t$ iBir. nuvcu asmtet'j jovbvm.. (IMa 

and tb€fe the marks of raspectfiaid by his fiMliQgli^ow*eitiieiiB l# 
the memory of this great man. I am disposed to loose sight of aH 
hot Washiogton : matchless mao ! At all times he acknowledged 
the proYideoce of God, and noTer was he ashamed of his Redeem* 
er : we beliere he died, not fearing death. In his will he ordered 
the manamission of his slates — ^a true son of liberty in aM poiata. 

Snnday 6. After the harden of care was thrown off, I agaia i^ 
snmed the palpit ; and in order the better to suit my salject to 
meet the conference, the new year, ordination of elders and dea- 
cons, and the General's death, 1 made choice of Isai. lii. 2. ^' To 
proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord ; and the day of ven^ 
geanceof our God to, comfort all that moom." — 

I. The acceptable year of the Lord. 

II. The day of vengeance of oar God. 

III. To comfort all that moorn. 

The congregation was laige, decent, and solemn ; the ordination 
was attended with unction from above, and the sacrament with ten- 
derness of heart. At the new church, before the ordination of 
deacons, Jesse Lee discoursed upon *' The harvest truly is greaW'^ 
&c. After encountering many difficulties, I was able to settle the 
plan of stations and to take in two new circuits. 

Monday 6. The main body of the preachers left the city, i 
desired Jesse Lee, as my assistant, to take my horse and his own 
and visit between this and the 7th of February, Croosawhatohie, 
Savannah, and Saint Mary's, (a ride of about four hundred miles) 
and to take John Garven to his station : thje time hath been when 
this journey would have been my delight ; but now I must lounge 
in Charleston. 

Sunday 12. We have bad a week of snow, which made the ways 
extremely mirey. I attended the church ip Cumberland-street ; 
my subject was 1 Peter i. 17 — 19. I did not enter, ^ I wished, 
into the marrow of the subject. 

Monday 13. Benjamin Blanton left me to attend his charge of 
preachers, circuits, and to promote the sale of our books, within 
the limits of the Charleston conference. 1 have kept no journal 
firom Sabbath. to Sabbath. • I have been employed in reading and 
aniwering letters to different and distant parts of the continent. 

Sunday 19. My subject was 1 Peter L 6, .7. I have been very 
unwell since Friday, but as I only attempt to labour upon Sabbath 
days, I could not stand back from duty ; I was greatly assisted in 
the morning, but much outdone in the afternoon id body and roiod. 

At intervals Nicholas SnetheA read to me those excellent ser- 



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18004 ^^^' PftAKCIft ASliVRT -S jeVKNAL. d$7 

nous of Mr. Jamet SanriDy. a French Protettant minister at the 
Hague ^ they are long, elaborate, learned, doctripal, praeUcal, 
historical, and explanatory. 

No joamal until Friday S4. I hare been yery nnweH in my 
bowels ; CPatton'sent me a decoction of bark, rhubarb, and nut^ 
tneg, which helps me much. This week I employed in answering 
my correspondents in the District of Maine, Massachusetts, stat^ of 
New- York, Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Viiiginia. On Thursday 
nfght departed this life Edward Rutledge, governor of South Caro- 
lina; he was one of the tried patriots of 1775 and 1776. The 
Africans give him a good character for his humanity t on Saturday 
25, his dost is to be committed to dust. " I have said ye are gods ; 
but ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes." 

Sunday 26. I was under some weakness of body and mind. I 
attended at the old church, and preached on Romans xii. 9 — Ih 
Januaiy 30th we had another snow. February 3d, I have kept no 
journal for some days. Sabbath was a cloudy day with rain ; my 
sacramental subject was Rev. i. 5, 6. 1 have had a distressing 
celd in my head ; notwithstanding which I have read much in 
books, letters, and lives. 

Wednesday 5. I began to relax my mind from writing long let-* 
ters. I dined with Jesse Vliughan, and afterward visited Mr. War- 
nack's. family, at the orphan house ; there is no institution in Ame^ 
rica equal to this ; two or three hundred orphans are taught, fed, 
and clothed, and then put apprentices to good trades. 

Friday 7. Jesse Lee and George Dougharty came to town : the 
former hath been a rpute of about mx hundred miles ; and my poor 
gray hath suffered for it. 

Sunday 9. I gave my last charge at Cumberland-street church 
from Rom. xii. 14 — 18. 

Monday 10. 1 left the city of Charleston ; the day was cold and 
the roads bad : we came through Broughton swamp ^ in the eve- 
ning my carriage got set fast ; the second draught, the hook upon 
the swinge tree gave way, and 1 had to take to the mud to fix the 
traces ; at half past eight o'clock we came tc^onk*s Corner. 

Tuesday 11. It sn<^wed ; 1 was distressed lor a wagoner whose 
horses ran away at the sight of my carriage, and whirled the wagon 
among the stumps and trees, happily no considerable injury was 
suffered. We lodged at the widow Turk's, near Nelson's Ferry — 
an extremely cold night. 

Wednesday 12. We wrought odr passage over and through the 
river and swamps and as long as we kept the pubMe road it was all 



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QGi REV. FRA9CIS ANBURY S JO^RHAL. [1800. 

•wamp : we. at length came to Gibaop's chapel ; where I preached 
upon James i. 25. We dined at Bowman's, and in the e?ening held 
meeting at Mr. Galea's. 

Thuradaj 13, was a very cold day : it terminated in rain : no 
meeting at Bradford's. 

Friday 14. We came to R^mbert's, where, at three o'clock I 
•poke upon Hebr. iii. 3. to a few people ; brother Snethen also 
gave them a discourse. 

Saturday 16. We came to Camden: the weather is still cold; 
we stopped to feed at Navy's. We have rode, since Monday last, 
one hundred and thirty miles, and my horse would not have been 
so outdone in two hundred, if three hundred miles, upon good 
roads. My soul hath been kept in patience, and much prayer ; 
my body is in great . weakness, undergoing disagreeable changes 
with the. weather, ^nd my constitutional maladies. 

Sunday 16. At Camden 1 preached upon 1 Cor. vi. 19, 20. 
We administered the Lord's supper ; the day wa& cold for this cli- 
mate ; and but few people attended. 

Monday 17. We rode twenty miles to Horton'a ; and on Tvk&^ 
day 18, held meeting there. 

Wednesday 19. We rode forty miles through the sands, and roads 
made bad by snow and frost ; we were travelling as late as e^ht 
o'clock in the evening, groping in the dark until a boy guided us 
along by the blaze of pine wood to brother Shaw's peaceable 
dwelling : he was gone to his circuit, but his gracious wife and 
children were at home. 

Thursday 20. At Jackson's meeting-house, we had some gracious 
feelings. AAer an absence of ten years, I called once more at 
friend Pace's. 

Friday 21. We attended a meeting at Anson court-house. We 
had no small congregation at Mr. Cashe's new house : 1 was kindly 
entertained at his father's when in Virginia and Tennessee, and 
DOW by him : they offered us money, food, lodging, or whatever 
we wanted. * At Threadgill's meeting-house, N. Snethen preached ; 
we then hasted to M^Atkin's : we were compelled to wade Rocky- 
River — the water came into my carriage box. 

Sunday 23. At Randell's church, in Montgomery county, (N. C.) 
I gave a discourse after brother Snethen, upon 1 Sam. xifi. 23. 

Monday 24. We came to Ledbetter's. 

NoR,TH Carolina. — Tuesday 25. Crossed .Pee Dee at Tindelsville, 
and. landed at Andersonsboroogh without any difficulties ; but when 
we came to WiUiams-Ford, across the River, it waa impassable^ 



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J800.] KEV. FRAWCIS ASlBVnv'S JOHRNArJ. - 369 

we then changed our course, and took the ridge road, which was open 
to the Montgomery line, thence we had to guess oar way, until we 
came to Edward Harris's, where we fed, dined, and prayed with the 
woman and children, and then came on we knew not where. As 
the sun began to decline, we thought it time to look out ; to our 
surprise we saw a Friends' meeting-house, as we judged by its 
form ; I then concluded we could not reach Deep- River, and we 
stopped at John Henley's— we had all we wanted but prayer. 

Wednesday 26. I had to pass over heavy hills, rocks, and small 
iruns, and through thick clay : we were concluding when in Charles- 
ton, and after we set out, by the encessive cold, that there was 
snow not far distant : when we came into North Carolina, we found 
that upon Pee Dee, and Yadkin, and Deep rivers, the snow liad 
Mien fifteen and eighteen inches deep, and continued nearly a 
month upon the ground, and had swelled the rivers; and spoiled the 
public roads. We lodged at Mr. Bell's ; having rode only fifty 
miles in two days. We left two appointments on the west side of 
Uwany : ao much lor that siege : my horse had hard work ; my car- 
Tm^ was very loose in the joints by constant and long play ; and 
myself much tired ; but I revived when I saw the lawyers going to 
the western courts: I thought, if they toiled and suffered for 
justice and silver, how ought I to labour for truth, and gold 
that perisheth not, and thousands of people, and hundreds of 
preachers. 

Thursday 27. I gained a day by the overflowing of Uwany, and 
came to Daniel Sherewood's, in Guilford county, within twenty miles 
of the track 1 went down last fall. 

Friday 28. It rained and snowed. I gave an exhortation, and 
ordained two deacons. We got our horses shod, and then rode to 
aged William Field's. 

Sunday, March 2. We set out early and hasted through deep 
roads to the Hickory- Mountain chapel ; not less then twenty -eight 
or thirty miles ; N. Snethen went along, and preached to the peo- 
ple, and brought a few to meet me at friend Reeve's, where we 
dined about six o'clock. 

Monday 3. We had no small race through Chatham county to 
Snipe's ; we were lost three times before we came to Clarke's 
ferry, on Haw-River, and had to send a boy a mile for the ferry- 
man, and wait nearly an half hour. 

Tuesday 4. A clear, but very cold day. We were treated 
with creat respect at the University, by the president, Calwell, 
and the students, citizens, and many of the country people : bro- 

Vot. n. 47 



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370 ' iL£v. rftAsrcfs asb^kv^s judbmal. [IMD« 

tlier SnellieD preaehed oo << God forbid liiit I tbovM gloty, n^e 
in the crofe of oar Lord Jesas Christ." Wheo the Univenity it 
finuhed, 1 shall take notice of it ; 1 stopped to baptise some chO* 
dren, aod then rode on to Massey*s. 

Wednesday 5. We rode to Sihoo Smith's ; aod I gare 8 ieetnre 
in the evening. 

Thursday 6. We came to Raleigh, the seat of goteromeiit ; I 
preached in the state house : notwithstaodiog this day was very 
cold and snowy, we had many people to hear ; I baptised a chSd, 
and came that evening to Thomas Proctor's. 

Friday t. We came to the Union chorch ; many attended^ but 
the excessive cold penetrated my whole system : we lodged at 
John Whitefield's. 

Saturday 8. I rode twelve miles through the snow to Edttand 
Taylor's, senr. This week, from Monday to Satarday at noon, I 
have rode one hnndred and ten miles : my mind is kept in great 
serenity. 1 have spoken every day bat this. 

Sanday 9. We have a great sleet : the healthy and the yoong 
went to Bank's chnrch. At four o'clock we had a sermon at latffer 
Taylor's on Eph. iv. 3. " Endeavouring to keep the unity of the 
Spirit, in the bond of peace." — 

I. The end ; the unity of the Spirit. 

II. The means ; there might be a union in Interest, in opposi** 
tion, in sentiment, in ordinances, but not in the Spirit ;• that this 
union is a onion in experiences by the Spirit ; and in the spirits or 
minds of Christians. The means are set forth in the first and 
second verses of the same chapter ; to walk worthy of their Chris- 
tian character and calling— disorderly walking breaketh onion. 
** With all lowliness," or every mark of humility : pride is sore to 
break union : it hath done it in heaven and Paradise. ** Meekness ;" 
unlawful passion will break union. " Long suffering ;" if men #ill 
not suffer long from saints and sinners, they will break union with 
the Church of God. 

Monday 10. I rubbed along, some how, to Smith's church ; tiie 
distress I suffered in my bowels was great ; and had been so for 
three days ; my misery was so exceedingly great that 1 set off to leave 
the place ; but my way from the dwelling- house lay by the churchy 
the people were collected, I felt better, stept in, and gave an ex* 
hortation. I took StoughUm-s bitters^ and got relief; and then rode 
on to friend Harris's. 

Tuesday 1 ] . I preached a short discourtfe on Joshua's resolu* 
tisoi and rode twelve miles to S. Taylor's, junior : I felt onwell. 



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IMO.] R)BVi. Fj&ANCIS asbury's sovkixal 371 

Wednesday H. I atteqded the funeral of sister Broadie ; she pro- 
filed relifioo three years, lived happy, and died in the Lord. N. 
Snethen preached the funeral sermon from ** A good name is better 
than precious ointment ; ii^nd the day of death better than the day 
of ones birth." I gave some seotiintnts on <' God forbid that I 
should glory save in the cross of our Lord Jeaug Christ." 

Thursday 13. We crossed Roanoke at Taylor's iJ^rry : the river 
was very fall. Hail, ancient Virginia, once more! In Kttle more 
thuD four weeks we have rode nearly two hundred miles in South, 
and three hundred in North Carolioa. We came to Howell Tay- 
ior^s. N. Snethen preached father Yooog^s funeral, on Isai. Ivii. 
1. I conld only exhort. We rode home withS. Holmes, fiAeen 
miles, and it was well we did. 

Virginia. — Saturday 15, Was a stormy day. One of my friends 
ivanted to borrow or beg £50 of me : he might as well have asked 
me for Pern, I showed him all the money I had in the world-.* 
about twelve dollars, and gave him five : strange, that neither my 
friends nor my enemies will believe that 1 neither have, nor seek 
r-lNigs of money : well, they shall believe by demonstration, what I 
liave ever been striving to prove — that I will live and diie a poor 
man. At Salem we had a good Sabbath ; my subject was Rom^ 
zii. 19 — 21. Our meeting held nearly three hours. 

Tuesday 18. I preached at William Owens'son Psal. xxxvii. 39» 
40. we bad an open, living time. 

Wednesday 19, at My rick chapel. Thursday 20, at Drom* 
goold's chapd : Jesse Lee and N. Snethen did the preaching, and I 
rode home with Peter Pelham : this day's work was riding twenty- 
&Te miles. We crossed a bridge like a castle at the Westward-Fonl^ 

Friday 21. We escaped another dreadful rainy day : a prodi^. 
gious quantity of water fell: we were housed ; not a single per- 
son came to meeting ; but we had a sermon at noon, and one in 
the family at night* 

Saturday 22. We set out for Sussex, but missed our way ; we 
aoon came to an impassable stream ; I asked a poor, unintelligible 
negro, Who lived near? he said, Lewis Gtg, I recollected Griggs 
and we went straight to his house and dined. We then pushed 
«n, and finding the Three-Run-Creek too deep to cross, took up 
our lodging at J. Fisher's. 

Sonday 23. We rode fifteen miles to Jones's chapel : I 
was very unwell, but gave a sermon on Hebr. xii. 28, 29* 
we had three sermons, N. Snethen, and Jesse Lee having fojr 
lowed me. 



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37S$ REV. FRANCIS ASBUHV'S JOVtLKAL. [fBOO^ 

Monday 24, at PenDiogton's I spoke on Hdbr. xiii. 20, 21. Aff 
we had reason to believe the river Notawaj was impassable zt 
Allen's bridge, we rode back seven miles to Smith's. Toesday 
morning we had to ride nearly oik? mile through the water, which 
was sometimes knee deep, ^md sometimes ap to our horses sides ; 
after riding sevente<^ft miles, we came t» Mr. Briggs's about 
twelve o'clock i the day was extremely cold, and indicative of 
snow : ire gave two sermons ; my subject was 1 Cor. vii. 20, 30. 

Wednesday 26. We gave an exhortation at Lane's chapel ; lodged 
at Philip Davies's ; aqd on Thursday 27, we rode to J. Moody's, 
twenty-four miles : we crossed Black-water at 6 road- water-bridge 
— it was very deep wading. Brother Snethen preached in the 
evening. 

Friday 28. At Blunt's chapel : here I was unable to add many 
words. The probjibility is we shall hold conference in this neigh- 
bourhood, as the smalKpox prevails in Norfolk and Portsmouth, 
and the people in this settlement have made most generoQt offers 
to the preachers, provided they choose to sit in conference here. - 

Saturday 29, was a day of settled rain, and we were kept to the 
house, myself being very unwell. 

Sunday 30. We rode sixteen miles through damp, cold, and 
cloudy weather, to a meeting-house near Everitt's bridge, not fit 
/or a horse to stay in : 1 could not refrain from speaking on 
Psalm xiiT 1. '' Help, Lord, for the godly man ceaseth, for the 
faithful fail from among the children of men." See Isaiah Ivii. 1« 
Micah vii. 2. It was observed, First, What the remaining remnant 
liad to do when the truly pious were taken from the earth :— 4e 
be godly ; truly gracious souls ; faithful — faithfulness the test, and 
continued proof of such souls : the loss the world and the church 
fiQStained : moral men were valuable ; temperate men a loss^ 
friends to liberty and religion a loss ;— much more men of sterliog 
piety. 

Monday, April 1. We passed through Suffolk, and called upon 
Mr. Cowlings, whose pious father is gone to rest since I was here 
last. AAer twenty years, I called at Mr. Yerbery's, and then 
came on to Isaac Lunsford's. 1 was very unwell : for some days 
1 have had chills, headach, and bilious symptoms ; to this sac* * 
ceeded violent vomiting, and a desperate pight. 

Tuesday 2. We came to William Wright's, on Pig-Point» where 
I preached a little on Hebr. ^x. 29. 

Wednesday 3. At Crany-Island chapel : here dreadful havoe 
katfa been made by James O'Kelly ; a peaceable society of nearly 



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1800.] rev:. FRAKCI8 ASWRy'S JOtlRV AL. 373 

fifiy soais are divided, and I fear in the end, some may be de- 
stroyed : bow be hath done this work we may know by reading, 
bis ^Apology. N. Snetben gave a great discourse on 2 Cor. xUi. 
5, 6, 7. It is astonishing to hear the falsehoods published against 
me. I lodged at James Carney's. 

Thursday 4. At JoTliff 's 1 read a most gracious account of the 
work of God on the eastern shore^n Cecil county, Duck^Creek^ 
and Dover, in the state of Deleware. 1 published it in the congre- 
gation, reading the letter : my subjects on which I preached, were 
Hebr. zii. 15. and Luke xvii. 5. 

Friday 6. We rode to James Taylor's : I was deeply afflicted*, 
probably occasioned by my eating of fish : I exhorted a little, ad- ^ 
ministered the Lord's supper, and then rode twenty miles to Ports- 
mouth, and gave a brief exhortation in the neat, new house. Sa- 
turday I visited the brethren in Norfolk : they presented me with 
a plan of a new house, fifty by seventy ; and, wonder of wonders ! 
it is to be built on the lot adjoining that on which the old Episcopal 
church stands ! 

^Sunday 7. My subject was 1 Cor. xi. 1 — 5. We administered 
the sacrament. In the aflernoon I exhorted in Portsmouth, but it 
was an offence to some that ( did not preach, weak as I was ; — and 
we had to administer the sacrament here also. 

Monday 8. We rode forty miles to William Powell's, in Isle of 
Wight county : it caused tears and some disappointment, because 
I did not stop at Suffolk. 

Tuesday 9. We went on to William Blunt's. Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Friday, we passed in close, comfortable conference. 
We had great accounts of the work of God in the state of Dela« 
ware> and also Franklin circuit, in Vii^inia. We had grace, but no 
gold, and we wanted one hundred and forty-three dollars of silver 
to. pay the just demands of the preachers to their sixty-four dollars 
per year. Friday afternoon we rode fifteen miles to Mooring's. 

Saturday 12. We rode twelve miles to old James-Town ferry : 
we crossed, and had a very good passage, notwithstanding it was a 
▼ery stormy day at times, with heavy showers: we then rode 
twdve miles to James-City, and lodged at Edmund Taylor's : my 
company felt the effects/ of being exposed to the rain : I was safe 
under a cover, but had as much as I could well bear. 

Sabbath 13. I preached at James-City chapel, on Col. iii. 1, 2. 
we concluded our meeting at two o'clock, dined, and rode sixteen 
miles to the widow Kerby's. A great hail storm came on a few 
minutes after we got in. 



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374 BMr. FftAVcn iimT's jovuia&. [IMa 



Uaodaj 1^ After the nia wm •rer« ws •lood ow came to 
HavpCoa : we cane ib about two o'dock. Brother M^Kcairee 
preached die Ameral fermon of a fettle chUd at three o'clock, «y- 
idf fpofce at fire, brother Soethen at aeveo o'clock. My solject 
was Phil. iiL 8, 9, 10. 

Toemhij 14. We rode back to York. I saw the srave where 
was boried the effigy of General Waahngloo, at the probable 
place where Lord Comwallis deltrered op his sword to bin. We 
lodged at brother John Stobb's, io Gloucester. 

Wednesday 16. At Mooot-Zion, Jesse Lee came in before us, 
and had begpn to preach : I had a headacb and lerer, so said hot 
little ; I had the pleasure of beholding with my eyes the excelloit 
plantation of Mr. Tabb, and of receiving every faroor the heart 
of love, and the hand of liberality could bestow. — I am a jlnuiger 
thea tarried* 

Tharsday 16. At Cheese-Cake I said a little npon James ii, 5. 
here is a new house and society. Since I wai here ten years ago, 
my old friend Douglas is gone to his long home. 

Friday 17. We came io haste to Urbanna, fifteen miles. There 
had been some notice given that there would be preaching 
here : the court-house doors were opened, but not one soul ap- 
peared ; we paraded upon the green awhile, and then went to the 
ferry ; — wind and tide both ahead — a leaky boat, weak hands and 
' oars, heavily loaded in the bow with four horses, and ooe of them 
ready to leap out : they cried out to me to put back ; after some 
hesitation, 1 thought we must go back or to the bottom: after 
cruising two miles, brother M*Kendree and brother, Soethen 
waited ; brother Andrews and myself covered our retreat by ri- 
ding twenty miles into Essex, and about sunset stopped at the 
widow Hundley's. 

Saturday 19. We rode fourteen miles to S. Coles's. I judge 
I have travelled little^ short of five hundred miles this route, over 
Virginia ; having been in nineteen counties. 

Monday 21. We rode twenty-five miles through a storm of rain 
to the widow Bauzee^s. 

Tuesday 22. We crossed at Port-Royal, and came to the widow 
Bombry's: here we joined brothers M'Kendree and Soethen. 
Wednesday 23, we rode forty miles to Ward's, near Domfiries, and 
Thursday 24, to Alexandria, and gave a short discourse on James 
i. 12. I knew not which was best — to attend the quarterly meet- 
ing in Fairfax, or to go to Baltimore ; I at length concluded upon 
the latter. We came through the federal city, and were afterward 



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1800.] REW. FRANCIS ASBURV's JOVRHAl. 375 

lt>«t an hour ia the woods, and were benighted. We called at the 
widow of senior John Worthiogton, and saw the old mansion ; we 
were kindly entertained, and had a comfortable nighf s rest 

Martland.*— Saturday 27 We cane to the city of Baltimore, 
where 1 found cause of joy and sorrow. 

Sabbath day 98. I attempted a discourse on James ▼• 8, 9« 
Bishop Coke is on his way to this city. 

Monday 29. 1 visited, and prepared for the arrangement of the 
preachers at the annual conference for another year. The great 
accounts of the work of God in various parts, are as cordials to 
my sool. I am persuaded that upon an exact measurement, I hBwe 
travelled eleven hundred miles from the 10th of February, to 
the 27th of April : my horse is poor, and my carriage ia greatly 
racked. 

Thursday, May 1. We opened our conference, and in three 
days we concluded our work in peace. 

Monday 6. We came to Baltimore, and Tuesday 6, we opened 
our general conference, which held until Tuesday 20. We had 
much talk, but little work : two days were epent in considering 
about Doctor Coke's return to Europe, part of two days on Richard 
Whatcoat for a bishop, and one day in raising the salary of the 
itinerant preachers from sixty-four to eighty dollars per year. We 
had one hundred and sixteen members present. It was still de* 
sired that 1 should continue in my station. On the 18th of May, 
1800, elder Whatcoat was ordained to the office of a bishop, 
after being elected by a majority of four votes more than Jesse 
Lee. The unction that attended the word was great ; more than 
one hundred souls, at different times and places, professed con- 
version during the sitting of conference. I was weary, but sat 
very close in conference. My health is better than when we 
began. 

Tuesday 20. I came to Greenwood, fPhilip Rogers's,) and 
Wednesday 21, I preached at Patapsco-Neck chapel, on Psalm 
Ixxx. 17, 18, 19. We called at Tobias Stausbury's, and dined, 
talked, and prayed with his afflicted wife, who felt her confidence 
in God. We then came on to Perry-Hall, and were received with 
great openness of heart. Mrs. Gough is, I hope, dying to the 
world, and living to Jesus. Mr. Gough is most affectionately 
kind. 

Thursday 22. We came to Gunpowder-Neck : bishop What- 
coat preached and 1 exhorted : I trust the Lord will return to 



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316 R£7. FRAlrci9 ASS^At's J6tJR9A&. [IM<L 

this kouse* I belieye some felt the word tUv daj. We went home 
vith Stephen Watten, once more, after an abtenee of sixteen yen«^. 

Fridaj 23. We came to Abingdon ; the bricks are fallen down ; 
the probability is we shall not rebuild with hewn stones. My t«Bt 
was Isai. xl. 10. '* Behold the Lord Qod will come with stro^ 
band, and his arm shall rule for him ; behold his reward is with 
him, and his work before him." This text was given me by open- 
ing my Bible at the sitting of the general conference, whenJ Irem* 
bled a little for the ark. The people have improyed the ehapel 
here ; it was not burnt with the college, although it was witbia 
twenty yards. We lodged at William Smith's ; it is above twenty 
years since I lodged at his father's house. 

Saturday 24. We were at Bush Forest chapel ; the most andent 
in this circuit : my subject was Isai. xxxv. 3—6. 

Sabbath day. We were crowded, as it was quarterly meeting. 
I went home with J. W. Dallam : I walked to the grave of ray once 
dear Sally, his former wife. 

DsLAWARG.-^Monday 26. I crossed Susquehannah, and came to 
North-East, we stopped a night at Howell's ; brother Whatcoat 
preached. 

Tuesday 27. We rode op to Back Creek, (a Bethel indeed,^ at 
four o'clock, 1 gave a brief discourse on 1 Cor. vii. 29—31. The 
people sang and leaped for joy of heart ; they have beaten dowa 
strong drink, and the power of God is come. We lodged at 
John Caman's. 

Wednesday 28. At the Manor chapel we had a great time ; my 
soul was divinely refreshed. We lodged at Governor Bassett's. 

Thursday 29. We came down to Bridgetown, at the head of 
Chester River. In the eveniog I lectured upon Luke xix. 44. -^ 
" Because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation." I gave 
the people one caution ; I observed. First, What always marked a 
time of visitation to a people collectively and individually. Se- 
condly, What our Lord must mean by knowing or not knowing this 
time of visitation ; that it was the improving the time for all the 
valuable purposes designed. Thirdly, The dreadful consequences 
which will undoubtedly follow the not knowing, not improving atime 
of visitation ; — that we might fear that every calamity which might 
come on us in time was judicial ; — and eternal torment I have 
been led to meditate upon what are the happy consequences of a 
revival of re1igion-*^pure doctrine--8trict discipline— great har^ 
roony — love and life. 



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IBOO.] REV. FRANCIS ASBURY^S JOURNAL. 377 

Friday 30. We were at Black8tone's chapel i brother Whatcoat 
preached ; I gave a short exhortation ; and several of the preach- 
ers joined in prayer. I rode in the afternoon into Dover forest, 
and lodged at Cox's, formerly LiOcknrood's ; bat he is gone hence : 
the people could remember that I had not been in this neighboar- 
b(K>d for fifteen years. 

Saturday 31. I preached at the forest chapel, on Habakkuk iii. 
2. and rode to Dover that evening. 

Sunday, June 1. This was a day to be remembered: we 
b^gan our love- feast at half past eight ; meeting was continued 
(except one hour's intermission) until four o'clock, and some peo- 
ple never lefl the house until nearly midnight : many souls professed 
to find the Lord. In the evening I rode up to Duck-Creek, to 
meet the conference. 

Monday 2. We had sixty-six preachers, all connected with the 
business of conference : we sat closely six hours each ^ay, until 
Friday 6, when about nine o'clock the conference rose. One hour 
was spent in public each day ; but the people would not leave the 
house, day nor night : in short, such a time hath been seldom 
known : the probability is, that above one hundred souls were con- 
Verted to God. The stationing of the preachers was a subject that 
took my attention ; it was with the greatest difficulty 1 could un- 
bend my mind from this one hour, yea, < many minutes, by day or 
night, until I read the plan. I felt myself bound in spirit, and per- 
haps conscience also, to push on to hold the next Sabbath in Phi- 
ladelphia. Bishop Whatcoat .and myself hasted to Wilmington on 
Friday ; and on Saturday we dined with Mary Withy, now raised 
above her doubts, and rejoicing in God ; through her instrumen- 
tality, a small society is raised in Chester ; and she hath fed the 
Lord's prophets twenty-eight or twenty- nine years. We came on 
to Schuylkill ; and thence to Philadelphia. 

Pbnnsylvania. — Sunday 8. 1 preached morning and evening, 
at Fourth-street ;' now making what it ought to be, and seated pro- 
perly. I preached at the African church, on 2 Peter iii. 17, 18. 
and at St. George's, on 1 Peter, i. 5 — 7. I spoke only once at the 
conference ; my subject was Psalm xxix. 9. *' And in bis temple 
doth ^very one speak of his glory ;" — truly fulfilled at that time and 
place ; surely we may say, our Pentecost is fully come this ye^r. 
When we recollect what God hath wrought ii^ £disto in South, and 
Guilford in North Carolinas ; in Franklin, Amelia, and Gloucester, in 
Virginia ; in Baltimore, and Cecil, in Maryland ; in Dover, Duck- 
Creek, and Milford, in Delaware! My health is restored, to the 

Vol. ir. 48 



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376 HEY. FAANcis A&av|vy?» ^ovmiAi*. [t89Q« 

astonUhineDt of myself and friends. Mondi^ and T^^esdaj |n Flii- 

ladelphia. 

New-J£R8by. — We rode to Burlington* through enem^B heat 
and du8t» in company with Richard, Whatcoat and Jesse Lee : tbm 
latter wished to preach in the evening, and go on in the Di<Mrniag« 
The Baptist minister had appointed a lecture, and invited brother 
Lee to take his place : he accepted, and preached an appropriate 
sermon on Acts z. 25. 

Thursday 12. I gave a lecture in Burlington on 1 Cor. vii. 
29—31. this is an awful place. 

Friday 13. We came through heat and dost to New-Mills; we 
were comforted in God : brother Whatcoat preached ; 1 made a 
short discourse on Hehr. z. 32. I wished some to look back to for- 
mer feelings, duties, ezperiences, and days. We have rode above 
one hundred miles since our departure from Duck-Creek. 

Saturday 14. We had to stretch along through Julia, Job's, and 
Reckia's towns, to Cross-Creek. We stopped and fed at Mr^ 
Loveirs ; where we refreshed ourselves an hour : we then came 
on to M. Moore's, where I preached on Rom* xii. 1, 2. We then 
took the road through AUentown, to Joseph Hutchinson's ; and 
came in, weak and wearied, about five o'clock. 

Sunday 15. ^ At Milford, I gave a brief discourse on Rom. jziii. 
i 1. we attended at Mr. Ely's in the evening : a few souls there ap* 
peared to be deeply impressed with religious truth. 

Monday 16. My horse drove heavily ; and I did not get in to 
Brunswick until one o'clock. We had a meeting ; and under eZ'^ 
hortation many felt the word. We then hasted on to Mr. Drake's, 
near Amboy, where many were waiting : at five o'clock I gave an 
exhortation, and I believe it was felt. 

Ncw-YoRK.— >Tuesday 17. We were at Staten-lsland ; where 
there is a neat meeting-house, and as genteel, well-dressed a peo- 
ple as in New- York. My subject was Hah. iii. 2. Appearances 
were rather unfavourable : I was very unwell, and came back to 
Mr. Drake's the same evening. 

Wednesday 18. We rode in haste to New- York ; and on Thurs- 
day 19. we opened our conference ; about forty preachers present* 
We had some knotty subjects to talk over, which we did in great 
peace, plainness, and love. Friday and Saturday, we were closely 
confined to business. Sabbath. My subject at the old chui^ch was 
Romans zii. 19,20, 21. In my introduction I observed that the text 
was quoted from Lev. zix. 18. and Proverbs zxv. 21, 22. that, it 
migh>: discover to us what veneration the New Testament wri- 



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1800.] KBV. FRAifcra asbvkt's jrdVRirAL. 379 

ten Had for the old ; aod wkat was required in a belieyer, under 
that dispenaatioD. Veogeance it not io oar protince ; we cannot, 
10 civil, mach leas in sacred causes, be oar Own judges or jurors : if 
wo must feed an eooBiy, and not only forgive him an injury, but do 
hhtt a lavour ; surely then we ought to love a friend, a Christian, 
and more abundantly a minister of Christ. This day we made a 
general collection for the support of the travelling ministry. 

Monday 23. Our conference concluded its sitting. The defi- 
ciences amount to six hundred and ninety dollars : the monies col- 
lected, and the draft on the ehartered fund amounted to four hun- 
dred and five dollars. A motion was made to move the next yearly 
conference more into the centre of the work, but it was lost. 

Tuesday 24. 1 have now a little rest. We have had a mighty 
atir in the Bowery church, for two nights past, until after midnight ; 
perhaps twenty souls have found the Lord. Bishop Whatcoat 
preached the ordination sermon in the afternoon at the Bowery 
church. I have now a little time to unbend my mind from the sta* 
lions ; but Still my work is- not done. Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurs- 
^ny and Friday, I employed myself in reading, writing, and visiting. 

Saturday 28. We left the city ; and rode twenty-six miles through 
heat, and plagued by the flies, to my old home at the widow Sher- 
wood's : but my dear Betsy SherWood, my nurse, is gone, I trust, to 
glory. 

Sabbath day 29. We had a remarkably cool day, afteit* a great 
storm of rain and bail. 1 attempted to preach at Sherwood chapel 
on 1 Cor. xV. 34. " Awake to righteousness and sin not ; for some 
have not the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame." I 
observed that the apostle in Rom. xiii. 11. EpbeR. v. 14. 1 Thess. 
v. 6. and in the text, had indicated a sleep which professional and 
real Christians might fall into ; an awful insensibility and inactivity 
to spiritual things, so as to bring an amazing stupor on all the pow- 
ers of the soul ; so that it would be insensible to righteousness, 
which is religion; the justifying, and sanctifying, and practical 
righteousness of a gracious, wakeful soul : *' some have not the 
knowledge of God ;" living in sin, neglecting duty, and without the 
knowledgO of God ; ignorant of the fear, favoar, nature, and love 
0f God. Brother Whatcoat and John Wilson both spoke ; souls 
were quickened. In the afternoon, at New-Rochelle, brother 
Whatcoat preached, and 1 gave an exhortation; many attended. I 
feel as if there would be a revival of religion in this circuit this 
year. 



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^8^ KEV. FBAXCIS ASBDRT'8 JOWARAL. [ISOO^ 

CoNNECTiCLT. — ^Mooday 30. We came to Byram-Bridge, and at 
Baoks's we had a croirded house, and a feeling time f the aged 
people were very atteoti? e. 

Tuesday » July 1. In consequence of our circumlocutory motion 
we have rode about fifty-five miles since we left the city of Ne«r« 
York. We came to Stamford, where brother Whatcoat gave « 
sermon on *' The faith and choice of Jlloses." I had only time to 
speak a few words on Luke »x. 44. 

Wednesday 2. We rode on to Norwalk ; stopped an hour a^ 
brother Day*s, and thence rode on to Fairfield. It was a cool day« 
We had an elegant view : the fields in full dress, laden with 
plenty ; a distant view of Long-Island and the Sound ; the spires 
of steeples seen from distant bills — this country is one contiiroity 
of landscape. My mind is comforted and drawn out in prayer*. 
We had not time to feed nor rest. It was with some exertions 
we came in time to Joseph Hall's, at Poquonak. After we got a 
little refreshment and rest I gave them a short discourse on Luke 
X. 2. Strength and time failed me, and I could not finish and 
apply as I wished. 

Thursday 3. We came to Stratford, and stopped at brother 
Wheeler's. 

Friday 4. The weather is damp and very warm. We came on 
to New-Haven, where they were celebrating the Fourth of ^\j^ 
I fear some of them have broken good order, and became inde- 
pendent of strict sobriety. Bishop Whatcoat preached in the San- 
diminian meetiog-house purchased by the Methodists. 

Saturday 5. We rode through excessive heat, over rock^ and 
hills, to North Bristol, twenty miles. I discoursed with some 
liberty on Acts xxvi. 18. 

Sabbath day 6. We rode six miles to Punsit's new meeting- 
house. A revival of religion has begun here ; a dozen souls have-, 
professed to find the Lord, and several young people are under 
gracious visitations, and the aged are exceedingly cheered at the 
prospect. Bishop Whatcoat preached in the morning, and in the 
evening I made some improvement from 1 Peter ii. 11, 12. ; after 
wbich we administered the sacrament. We were engaged five 
hours in public exercises : the day was very warm. We have 
travelled since last Saturday week one hundred and forty miles. 

Monday 7. We rode sixteen miles to Hadley. The day was 
awfully warm until one o'clock, when a gust came up of wind and 
rain ; we ran from house to house, and escaped being muck we$ ; 



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1?B00.] UBV. fRAl^ClS ASBVHV'8 JOVRKAt. 381 

we stopped at Mr. Woods's. Tuesday we rode oa to New-Lon- 
don ; twenty miles of the way the roads were exceeding rockyw 
My soal was kept in peace, but under great temptations of various 
kinds. We crossed Connecticut-River at Chapman's ferry, near 
Old Haddam. Where the roads here are improved they are made 
for ages, and are much superior to those in the south or West. 

Tuesday 6. Bishop Whatcoat held forth in the new house in 
New-London ; his subject was *' With him is plenteous redem|>'^ 
tion." I gave a. discourse upon '* Christ, tihe author of eternal 
salvation to all them that obey him." ^ 

Thursday 10. We came on to Norwich Landing. I preached 
in the neat, elegant Episcopal church on Acts iii. 26. I felt un* 
commonly set at liberty : we had a very decent, attentive, well- 
behaved congregation. From here we hasted on to Norwich- 
town. Bishop Whatcoat preached. We had a most agreeable- 
Tide on the turnpike road, upon ^ach side beautifully smiling with 
variety and plenty ; the stage passed us like a whirlwind. 
. Friday 1 1. We came to Preston, and were kindly entertained at 
Isaac Herrick's. It was the very height of rye harvest, yet many 
came together. I was ^eatly led out on the great salvation, I 
was refreshed in soul and body, and rode on in the evening to Na- 
than Herrick's. The simplicity and frugality of New-England is de- 
sirable-— you see the woman a mother, mistress, maid, and wife, 
and in all these characters a conversable woman ; she seeth to 
her own house, parlour, kitchen, and dairy ; here are no noisy 
negroes running and lounging. If you wish breakfast at six or 
seven o'clock there is no setting the table an hour before the 
provision can be produced. 

Saturday 12. We took our departure for Rhode-Island through 
FJainfield. The weather is still excessively warm ; the roads 
sandy, stony, and rocky, notwithstanding the turnpike. We passed 
Sterling, the last town in Connecticut. We wandered a mile or 
two out of our way, and had to pay for it, by going a cross path : 
w« made it twenty-six miles to General Lippelt's. The general 
hath built a neat chapel for the use of the Methodist Episcopal 
church near his hduse. I was taken with one of my bilious 
eruptions through the night. 

R^ODE- Island. — Sunday 13. Richard Whatcoat preached in the 
momipg. In the afternoon my subject was Exod. xx. 24. ** In all 
places where I record my name 1 will come unto thee, and I will 
bless thee." It was a feeling time, although 1 was very unwell all 
the day, but I could not stand back from duty. 



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dftS Mir. 9EAirci9 abmrt's MOBiriL* (1860. 



linidi^ 14. We came on oar way to Boston, through ProTi- 
dcaoo ; heto we dU DOt stop ; the tune is not yet come. We 
slopped to feed at a house that was not very agreeahle to me, and 
I was glad to come off without dining. We came to Deacon Stan- 
ley'Sy at Attleboroegh, where we took some refreshment, and 
reached Mr. Gmld's, and took lodging. 

Massachvsetts. — ^Tuesday 15. We came through Wrenduon, 
Walpole, Dedhan, and Roxboroogh to Boston : it was a damp day, 
with an easterly wind, unfriendly to my breast. As they were 
about finishing our church we could not preach in it The new 
8tate«faoose here is, perhaps, one of the most simply el^ant in the 
United States. We made our home at Edward Haynes^s, kte 
from England, where we had most agreeable accommodations after 
our toil. 

Thursday 17. We hare dry weather. We came through mudi 
dust to Lynn. 

Friday 18. We sat in conference ; there were twenty ^onemem' 
ben present : we had great peace and union. 

Saturday 19. The conference rose after voting the session of the 
next yearly conference to be held at Lynn. And now the toll of 
six conferences in seven months, and the riding of thirteen hundred 
miles, is over. I ibund some diflBcolCy in stationing the married 
preachers. 

Sabbath day 20. We had an elaborate ordination sermon irom 
Matt. ix. 36 — 38. <* But when he saw the multitudes, he was 
moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were 
scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd," &c. There had 
been a long droogbt here, and nature seemed as if she were about 
to droop and die. We addressed the Throne of Grace most fer* 
veotly and solemnly, and had showers of blessings. Whilst I was 
preaching the wind came up and appeared to whirl roand to every 
point, and most gracious rain came on : this I considered as a most 
signal instance of Divine goodness. 

Monday 21. We came to Boston, and preached in the taberna- 
cle, now nearly finished, on Hebr. iii. 12-- 14. We were gene- 
rously entertained at Edward Haynes's. 

Tuesday 22. Bishop Whatcoat preached in Boston from Psalm 
cxvi. 7. Wednesday we came thirteen miles to Waltham, where 
we had a meeting ; the subject was Rev. xxi. 6, 7. 

Friday 25. We rode through Weston, where is a. grand steeple, 
porches, and even stalls for the horses ; and it is well if they do 
not make the Methodists pay to support their pomp. Qb ! 



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V 



reunion ia ^«w-Eiighnd i We canm thr^ni^ Neettttn^ Sher- 
baroe, and Holliston, and made it thirty miles over Cfook's Hills^ 
tt^ousb excessive heat We had oot time to stop to feed^ as we 
; bad appointed meeting at Milferd, where we arrived a little after 
one o'clock. I was obliged to let brother Wkatcoat ride io the 
carriage, or I fear he would have fainted; this made me lofV 
spirited, and unfit to answer questions. 

Saturday 26. We had to ride through excessive warmth thirty 
mile» to Thompson's, but we took the day for it : we got to Capt. 
NichoUs's about six o'clock, where we have a bouse built, and 
some ground to set our feet upon. 1 have been of late powerfuUy 
tempted, and distressed in mind and body. We had a finely 
dressed congregation — a good name is a great matter with these 
. people. O Baxter ! are these thy apostate children ? Will Me- 
thodism ever live in such whited walls and painted sepulchres as 
these people, who delight to dwell insensible to the life of reli- 
gion, and closed up io their own formality and imaginary security ? 
We have now returned to the first town in Connecticut. 

Connecticut. — Saturday 27. I preached at the new house in 
Thompson : my subject was Mark viii. 34. 

I. I observed the harmony of the evangelists, Matthew and Luke 
with Mark. 

II. That our Lord had given the clusters of the grapes of the 
Promised Land in blessings and promises. 

III. He had given such demonstrations of his power upon the 
bodies of men ; the dead were raised, the hungry fed, the lepers 
cleansed, the lame and the blind were restored, the wind and the 
sea were at his command. 

IV. He opened the distinguishing conditions of disciplesbip ; 
the denial of self in every temper and afiection that is evil. They 
that seek to save their lives by denying Christ, shall loose soul and 
body ; if it is through pride and shame, Christ will not dishonour 
himself by owning such in the day of judgment. 

Bishop Whatcoat preached in the afternoon on ^* Acquaint now 
thyself with him, and be at peace," &e. 

Monday 28. We rode sixteen miles to the north end of East* 
ford. We have travelled nearly One hundred miles since our de« 
parture from Lynn. My subject at Joseph Work's was Matt. v. 
2. ** Blessed are ye when men shall revile you and persecute you, 
and shall say all manner of evil of you falsely for my sake." We 
lodged at Nathan Palmer's. I stopped a few minutes at Mr. Wood- 
ard's, ip Ashford. We came on to Coventry, twenty miles. We 



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384 REV. FRAXcis asburt's jomuiAL. [1809* 

stoppecfjat John Searles^i, and were exceedin^jwenacGonimodated, 
both man and hone. 

Wedneidaj30. We rode to Mr. Spencer's in Hartford. My 
mind is in peace ; bat I have uncomfortable feelings in mj bodj. 
Here I met brothers Bostwick and Borroog^. We ha? e a hoase 
built in Spencertown for the Lord, and now they are building one 
for the Lord's serrants— for the married preachers to Uto in who 
are sent to the circuit. 

Thursday 31. Was ezces8i?ely warm; we made it little less 
than thirty miles to Bristol ; we stopped to feed our horses, bat 
neglected ourselves. When we came to Samuel Smith's we were 
nearly outdone by excessive beat and hunger. This day we cross- 
ed Connecticut River, and passed the cities of Hartford and Far- 
mington. 

Friday, August 1. Freeborn Garrettson came up with us : he at- 
tended the funeral of the venerable mother Livingston ; who was 
suddenly, and safely called home, aged seventy -eight, removed by a 
paralytic, and probably it was apoplectick also : perhaps it was about 
thirty-four years ago that this godly woman was awakened under 
the first sermon the Rev. Dr. Sadly preached in the Reformed Low 
Dutch church in New- York, as she told me ; nor she alone, but 
six or eight other respectable women. Madam Livingston was one 
that gave invitation to the Methodist preachers to come to Rhine- 
beck, and received them into her house ; and would have given 
them more countenance had she been under no other influence 
than that of the Spirit of God and her own feelings. I visited her 
one year before her death, and spent a night at her mansion ; she 
was sensible, conversable, and hospitable. 

Saturday 2. We attended the quarterly meeting for Litchfield 
circuit: my subject was 2 Pet. iii. 17, 18. I had liberty ia 
preaching, and some felt tenderness of heart, and evinced it with 
weeping eyes. 

Sunday 3. We had a living love-feast ; some from Waterbory 
were fervent in spirit, serving the Lord. We had a crowded con- 
gregation, a close day, and the house was. shut up. In consequence 
of my breast being weak, 1 declined speaking in public. Bishop 
Whatcoat preached, and F. Garrettson exhorted. Our meeting^ 
began at eight o'clock in the morning, and continued, with a few 
' minutes intermission, until two in the afternoon ; after which we 
came off, over dreadful roads, twelve miles to Torringford. f was 
pleased to see a house bought and fixed for brothers Joclin and 
Batchelor, the stationed preachers of the circuit, and their wives. 



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idQO.] IIBV. Cfi^ANCIS ASBUItY'S JOUKNAL. 38a 

These brethren we left behiDd to improTe in the after part of the 
Sabbath, and quarterly-meetiDg. 

New-Yore, Monday 4, — We came on and stopped at Goshen, at 
Captain Wright's : the people flocked together at a short warn- 
ing, and I gave a discourse on Isai. xxxv. 3-- 6. aAer which we 
dinedy and came on across the hills and over dreadfal rocky roads 
to Cornwall ; where brother Whatcoat preached in the meeting- 
hoQse on '* We know that we are of God, and the whole world 
lieth in wickedness." 

Tuesday 5. We had another tolerable siege over the Housaton* 
Tkick River and hills to Sharon ; here brother Whatcoat preached 
on." The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptation, 
and to reserve the unjust to the day of judgment to be punished." 
I gave an exhortation, and then we came rapidly, fifteen miles, to 
C. Levie's, in the Nine Partners. 

Wednesday 6. We came to Row's : bishop Whatcoat preached 
on 1 John iv. 17. I gave an exhortation : we then came on to 
Robert Sands's, and lodged all night. We came on to Freeborn 
Garrettson's new design, upon the Rhinebeck flats ; he hath a 
beautiful land and water prospect, and a good, simply elegant, 
useful house for God, bis people, and the family. We have rode 
between eighty and ninety miles since last Sabbath ; not less than 
five hundred and fifty since we departed from New- York ; and one 
third of the roads were rocky and very uneven. I read a book of 
about fiye hundred pages, the author of which is a curious writer. 

Friday 8 and Saturday 9. We regaled ourselves and horses upon 
the pleasant banks of Hudson ; where the passing and repassing of 
boats and small craft, perhaps fifiy in a day, is a pleasant sight. 

Sunday 10. We had a sermon, and administered the sacrament 
at brother Garrettson's ; and notwithstanding public ivorship was 
held at the Dutch church at the same hour, we had a large con- 
gregation : bishop Whatcoat and myself filled up the service of 
the day. 

Monday 11. I rested and visited Dr. Tillotson's, at his very ele- 
gant country seat, beautifully situated : the house is finely set round 
with trees ; and there is a charming view of the North-River. I 
was unwell internally. I must always take great heed to what 
I eat. 

Tuesday 12. We came through Poughkeepsie — no place for 
Methodism. We stopped at Elijah Morgan's ; brother Thacber 
was preaching when we came in. We have rode twenty-five 
miles this day, and dined in the road upon a water-melon that Mrs. 

Vot. II. '49 



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386 REV. FftAKCIS ASBVRY's JOVRNAlt. [}S06. 

TillotsoD wat kiod enough to give us as we came by her house. 
I was so UDwell that I had but little appetite for any thing else. 

Wednesday 13. We came on twenty-five miles to Conrtlandt- 
town, where we saw the aged, venerable pair, the Lieutenant Go» 
vernor and his lady : he is in his eightieth, and she In her seventy* 
eighth year. I had a very rocky ride over the mountains of 
Peekskill. I have great and sore temptations at times, but God is 
with me : I trust through grace to overcome them all. We stop- 
ped at Warren's; fed, talked, prayed, and refreshed ourselves 
a little. 

Thursday 14. This day is very warm. I preached at Peeks- 
kill-town, upon the great salvation. Brother Whatcoat preached 
at Croton. We lodged at General Van Courtlandt's. 

Friday 15. At the Plains, tlichard Whatcoat preached : I gave 
an exhortation. We then rode on in haste to the widow Sher- 
wood's. 

Saturday 16. We pushed on with great courage, towards New« 
York, but when within six miles of the city, my horse blundered 
twice, and then came down with great force and broke the shaft : ' 
I got out, and my horse recovered from his fall ; a smith's shop 
being at hand, the shaft was mended in an hour ; and we came 
into New-York and found our service was wanting in the city, 
there being here only two preachers, and one of them disabled. 

Sunday 17. We had much rain ; the streets flowing with water 
like streams. I gave them a sermon at the Bowery church, on 
<' Who gave himself for us that he might redeem us from all ini'- 
quity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good 
works :" and at the old church, John- street, 1 spoke on " But we 
are not of them who draw back unto perdition, but of them that 
believe to the saving of the soul." It appeared most advisable to 
stay awhile on Monday to have a new shaft put to the carriage. 
We landed at Powles-Hook about half past five o'clock, and 
pushed on to Newark. 

New- Jersey. — Tuesday 19. We came off at five o'clock, and 
reached Brunswick by twelve o'clock, where we dined and rested, 
and then continued .on to Joseph Hutchinson's, at Milford, forty-six 
miles ; we had a pleasant and cool ride for the season. 

Wednesday 20, we came on to Hulet Hancock's ; and on Thurs- 
day 21, reached Philadelphia. I preached at St. George's ; and 
Bishop Whatcoat at the African church. 

Pennstlvakia. — Friday 22. We rode to the Valley ; it was 
warm enough. Bishop Whatcoat preached at Daniel Meridith's. 



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1600.] IIEV. FRANCIS ASBURy's JOURNAL. 387 

Satarday 23. We had a proper siege ap to Sawders-town, and 
got ia by four o'clock. I gave a discourse on Hebr. x. 38^, 39. 

Sabbath-day. Bishop Whatcoat preached at Martin Boehm's 
charch on Psalm Ixxii. 16—20. We have now rode, from Monday, 
one hundred and seventy miles. We lodged at Abraham Keaggay's. 
Our Dutch Methodists are as kind, and more lively than many of 
the Auierican ones. 

Monday 25. We crossed Susquehannah at M'CalPs ferry ; it is 
narrow, but very deep and rocky. Afler feeding man and horse, 
we came on to Sittler's mill, on Muddy-Creek ; as we were ten 
miles from the place we intended to reach, well wearied, and hav- 
ing bad roads before us, we brought to an anchor here for a night. 
What time I have had to read, write, or journalize, those who 
know the distance and difficulties that must have attended me 
through the last week, may judge ; it would be impossible for me 
to relate all the workings of my heart ; but I trust my soul has 
been kept in patience and devotion. 

Maryland. — Tuesday 27. We came into Maryland : sometimes 
we had no roads, and at other times old ones that the wagons had 
left : thus we bolted and blundered along the rocky rivulets until 
we came within sight of James Fisher's. The meeting had been 
appointed at the widow Jolly's : the house was large, and we had 
no small congregation : they came, some to see and some to hear. 
I had walked where 1 feared to ride, and it was exceedingly warm ; 
but I took courage when I saw the people : the portion which I 
gave them was 1 John ii. 24, 25.' We had hardly time to eat and 
breathe, before we had to beat a mafch over the rocks, eight miles 
to Henry Watters's, upon Deer-Creek. Brother Whatcoat went 
ahead and preached, and I came on time enough to exhort a 
little. 

Wednesday 28. I preached at the Forks meeting-house (fifteen 
miles on a carriage road) warm as it was. Brother Whatcoat gave 
us a good sermon upon *' Return unto thy rest, O my soul '." and 
so on ; I exhorted very little. The heat continued. That evening 
we came with equal difficulties to Perry-Hall; but the greatest 
trouble of all was, that the elders of the house were not at home : 
the walls, the rooms no longer vocal, all to me appeared hung in 
sackcloth : I see not the pleasant countenances, nor hear the 
cheerful voices of Mr. and Mrs. Gough \ She is in ill health, and 
writes, ** I hare left home, perhaps, never to return :'' this intelJi- 
gence made me melancholy ; Mrs. Gough hath been my faithful 
daughter ; she never offended me at any time. 



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368 HEV. FRANCIS ASBURy's JOURNAL. [1800. 

Thursday 29. At Perry-Hall. I preached on Matt. xi. 28--30. 
I was visited by elders Brace and Snethen. I heard the reply to 
Mr. O'Kelly's Apology ; soft and defensive, and as little offensiTe 
as the nature of the case would admit. I was invited to town, with 
the assurance that there was no danger of the fever : but it was 
very bad at the Point. 

Friday evening 29. I held forth in Light-street on Psalm cxv. 1. 
'* Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory, 
for thy mercy and for thy truth's sake !" My improvement was 
the application to Christians ; First, To contemplate mercy and 
truth in the dealings of God to them in the Gospel : Secondly, 
That they should disclaim all glory to themselves : Thirdly, How 
the Jehovah God giveth glory to himself; and how we should 
glorify him. Brother Roberts wrote that they were a thousand 
strong in Baltimore. That there hath been a work in Annapolis, 
is certain : indeed it begins to be more and more general in the 
towns, and in the country. 

Saturday 30. We had a most severe ride, nearly twenty miles, to 
Daniel Elliott's. At St. James's chapel God hath begun to pour 
out his Spirit ; and almost generally through Montgomery, and 
Frederick circuits. 

Wilson Lee is all upon the wing in the work : glory ! glory I 
glory ! I will not speak of numbers or particular cases, without 
more accurate information, which in my haste I cannot now ob- 
tain ; but without doubt, some hundreds in three months, have 
been under awakenings and conversions, upon the western shore, 
District of Maryland. 

Sunday 31. At St. James's Chapel I preached on Psalm zxxvii. 
39, 40. we had an attentive, solemn sitting ; and powerful' prayer 
closed the whole. We dined, and rode on five miles to Henry 
Hobbes's. The people heard of us, and ran together in the even- 
ing. Brother Whatcoat gave a lively discourse upon these words, 
** Thy children shall be all taught of God :" we had a very quick- 
ening season.. Perhaps six hundred souls, in this district and in 
Baltimore, have been converted since the general conference. 
Hartford, Baltimore, Calvert, Federal, Montgomery, and Frederick, 
feel the flame. Monday we hobbled along to Clarkesburg, on the 
way dined at Joshua Pigman's : here I once more saw his brother 
Ignatius : art thou he ? Ah ! But Oh ! how fiillen ! how changed 
from what I knew thee once ! — Lord, what is man, if leA to him- 
self! Brother Whatcoat attended the meeting, and the people con- 
tinued in meeting at Clarkesburg until the morning. 



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liOO.] &£V. FRAtfCIS ASBUKY^S JOUftKAL. ^ ^ S89 

Tueftday, September 2. At the Sagar-Loaf, my subject was ^^^^ 
z. 2» 3, 4. compared with Ihattbew xiii. 16, 17. and 1 Peter i. 10» 
12. we were crowded : in the exhortations, prayers, and singing, 
the power came down, and the work went on until e?ening. I 
then rode to Mr. Morton's. ( \ 

Virginia. — Wednesday 3. We came to Leesburgh i x^me said, 
go this, and another that way : we made it nearly twenty miles, 
and were riding six hours, and crossed the Potomac at Conrad's 
ferry. Brother George was preaching : bishop Whatcoat spoke 
upon " He that believeth shall not make baste ;" but we had to 
make haste, after I had ordained S. Welsh, and Eskridge Hall, 
to the deacon's office. After we had dined, we rode twelve, if 
QOt fifteen miles, to the widow RozzelPs : we came in about seven 
o'clock ; and 1 gave a discourse on 1 Tim. iv. 16. We have tra- 
Telled about one hundred and fifty miles through Maryland ; and 
we hare had bad roads, but have met with good people. My soul 
hath been agonizing for a revival upon the western shore of Mary* 
land for many years : and now the Lord hath sent it. 

Thursday 4. We came to Rector-Town : most distressing roads 
for eighteen iliiles. The gentry had made a dinner at a small dis- 
tance from the town : a kind of green corn feast, with a roasted 
animal, cooked and eaten out of doors, under a booth. I was 
greatly wearied with the ride ; but was animated while explaining 
2 Cor. vi. 1. I then came to Benjamin Hitt's. We have pene- 
trated through Loudon and Fauquier counties in two days. 

Friday 5. We stopped at the court-house, and were richly en- 
tertained with a breakfast, at Mr. Johnson's : then we rode on to 
Norman's bridge, and passed another old fitld-fecaiy with a race 
tacked to it. We came to Roger Abbott's, upon Mountain Creek, 
in the forks of the Rappahannock river ; and on 

Saturday 5. To Kobler's ; where many attended from different 
and distant parts : my text was 2 Tim. ii. 15. We pursued our 
way six miles to the river, and lodged at a widow's house, whose 
husband died in the Lord a hvf years ago. We had an awful Sab- 
bath day's journey, through part of Culpepper and Louisa ; we came 
to Ferguson's about half after one o'clock : the people were waiting 
in the warm sun : the house could not hold them : after a little 
rest, I cried NowU the day of salvati<m. We had a hungry ride for 
thirty miles. 

Monday 6. We rode to Lastley's meeting-house, eighteen miles ; 
many people were gone to court, consequently, few at meeting.; 



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390 liEV. FRANCIS ASBUav's JOVRITAL. {180Q. 

but C&6 Lord was emiiiefitly present whilst I enforced Hataikkak 

Toesdaj 7. We rode to Risanna in FluFanna county : I bare 
seen the hot, wann» sweet, yellow, red« and now have passed the 
green springs. When we came within six miles of Magrnder's, 
brother Whatcoat being in the carriage, the hindmost brace gave 
way : I took hold of a sapling by the road side^ and put it adder 
the body of the carriage, and brother ftlagruder mounted the 
horse, and we soon came to his hoase : that evening the br«aGh 
was repaired. I took William M^Kendree's horse, and went on 
iburteen miles, to Richard Davenport's, in Amherst ; where we 
were kindly and comfortably entertained. 

Wednesday 8. We rode twenty miles through heat and over 
hills, to North Garden, Tandy KegSj Albemarle county. I was 
. divinely assisted while 1 opened 2 Timothy iv. 2. 1. Preach the 
word. 2. The application of it ; that is, reprove, rebuke, exhort ; 
to time his wrk ; be instant, in season, oat of season ; — in the 
morning, noon, and evening of life :— when it is (he winter, spring, 
sammer, and autumn of the church ;*->in her pleasing and an- 
pleasing prospects. 

Thursday 9. We rode to New-Glasgow, thirty miles ; and were 
entertained most hospitably at Colonel Merideth's. 

Friday 10. We rode to Lynchburg, twenty miles. Samuel 

Mitchell had dinner provided in town, at Mr. Miller's, for the 

preachers. I preached in the Mason^s Hall — a warm day and 

, place, on Titus ii. 12. We then beat along to Samuel MitchelPs, 

three miles of rude roads. 

Saturday 11. We rode to the New*London Academy, sixteen 
miles, now under the direction of Samuel K. Jennings, a local 
preacher of ours : the institution belongeth to the Presbyterians 
and Episcopalians. R. Whatcoat preached : I was deprived of my 
rest the last evening, and very unwell ; yet 1 gave a short dis- 
course in exhortatioD. We have been going at such an unreason- 
able rate, that 1 have not had time to put pen to paper, for a week 
together. Good news from the South District of Virginia : bro- 
ther Jackson writes, " two hundred souls have been converted this 
last quarter ; there is a revival in all the circuits but two ; and 
great union among the preachers and people." I am kept in pa- 
tience, faith and love. 

Sunday 12. We rode sixteen miles to Liberty, and preached ia 
Bedford court-house : I was sick in earnest. When I came up 



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1800.] nfiV. FftAKClS ASSVRY's JOVftHAL. S9i 

into the evowd, the people gathered aroaiid my carriage, as if I had 
had a cake and cider cart ; this sight occasioned a kbd of shock, 
that made tne forget roj sickness. After alighting, I went imme- 
diately to the throng in the coart-honse ; and founded a discoarae 
opon Matthevr xxii. 5. What great things the Gospel re?ealeth 
to mankind ; First, The love of God. Secondly, The au&rings, 
and death, and merits of Christ. Thirdly, The gifts, extraordinary 
and ordinary, of the Holy Ghost : men mtk^ light of all the Mass* 
iogs of God, and of all the miseries and conseqnenees of sin : they 
not only think lightly of, but are opposed exceedingly to them ; '* for 
the carnal mind is enmity against God ;" and the things of God. 
I admired the attention and solemnity of the peeple ; many of the 
men standing in and out of the bouse the whole time. We rode 
two miles to brother Patterson's, and dined ; and then came on (o 
Blackwell's to lodge. 

Monday 13. We had a heavy march to Fincastle: I rode nine 
miles to Mr. Ripley's ; and then gave up the carriage to William 
M'Kendree, and took his horse, and came in about ten o'clock.. 
My subject here wtis Isaiah lii. 7. First, The Gospel $«<«-good 
tidings of God, of Christ, of the Spirit of grace, of glory :--^y 
comparing temporal with spiritual things, to restore the dead, the 
blind, the lame, the dumb, tbe sick, the poor ; publishetb peace 
with God ; with conscience ; with all men : good tidings of good ; 
the spreading of tbe work of God : salvation ; — ^from all our sin, 
misery, and death. Zion thy God reigneth ;— -the glory of Christ^s 
kingdom. The feet of the messengers, 6eau^t/ti/ .-—because of 
their message. 2. Their holy walk : their treading the mountains, 
enduring hardship ; their innocence. 

We made it forty miles from Liberty to Edward Mitchell^s; 
where we lodged on Monday. 

Tuesday 14. We began our route for Holston, by English's 
ferry, through Montgomery county. The first day we came to 
Mrs. Dialley's, upon Roanoake, twenty-eight or thirty miles : tha 
river ridges were very rough : Mrs. Dialley received us with great 
maternal attention and affection : here I was told of my appoint* 
ment at Raboue's, ten miles west, over the mountains. It gave me 
some grief, but it was too late. 1 was advised not to go Pepper's 
ferry road. 

Wednesday 16. We passed Montgomery-town and court-house 
among the mountain barrens ; we pushed on to Christian's— they 
are British people ; we had an acceptable rest for a very warm 



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^92 REV. FRANCIS ASBVRY^S'XOVANAL. [IdOO. 

day. We came to the ferry, and lodged at Draper's (a very quiet 
house) that night 

Thursday 16. We came to Wythe court-house, a pleasant town 
of ahout twenty houses, some neat, and most of them new and 
painted. We had good accommodations at . Mr. Johnson's — both 
man and horse needed it. 

Friday 17. We began at 6 o'clock to bend for Holston : it was 
computed to be forty miles distant. We came in about the going 
down of the sun at father Carlock's, a German. For two days 
past we found we could not stop to dine ; we rested only to feed 
our horses. After we cleared the mountains we came upon the 
perpetual hills. I judge we may charge for one hundred and 
thirty miles from Edward Mitchell's, in Bottetourt, to Russel's old 
place upon Holston. Wo took Saturday to refit and write ; bro- 
ther Whatcoat attended the meeting. My mind hath been kept in 
peace ; I had enough to do to drive ; I could think but little — 
only now and then sending up a message to heaven. 

Sabbath day 19. We attended at Carlock's; a very sultry 
day, and many people were present. My subject was 2 Tim. vi. 
2 — 12. It was judged best we should ride ten miles to Scott's, in 
order to make Edward Cox's the next day, to attend at Acuff's. 

Tuesday 21. As we came off it began to rain, and that rapidly^ 
with little intermission for two hours ; the horsemen were dripping ; 
the roads were so bad that it was with some exertion that I could 
so shelter myself as not to get wet to the skin in the drowning rain. 
Monday, we passed Abingdon, which is greatly improved. Break- 
fasted at Craig's, and then had a pleasant ride to Cox's, but it is 
excessively warm for the country and season. At Acuff's I talked 
a little upon coming to the Throne of Grace. We hasted home 
with Charles Baker upon Holston. If we have a dry moon and 
month we may get through the wilderness. 

Wednesday 22. We rested — man and beast. We have rode 
sixty miles since Sabbath evening. I am not as patient, depen- 
dent, and prayerful as 1 wish to be. Blontsville looks very re- 
spectable, and they have built a needful and good bridge at the 
end of the town. We crossed at Charles Baker's by putting the 
chaise to two canoes and swimming the horses over Main Holston. 
The stubble fields were upon the north side, so that we were com- 
pelled to work through the woods into the road to Snipe's ferry. 
We came along eight or ten miles where they bad made new cut- 
tings ; at last we struck into a new road and strayed three miles 



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J 



1800.] nev. FRAI7CIS asbv&y's journal. 393 

out of oar way, we then returned ^ck two. Now it was that I 
felt properly content to leave my felicity^ &o called, before it came 
to tfae wilderness. We made it nearly thirty miles to Ball's mill ; 
we had no time from, six in the morning till seven at night to feed 
man or beast. 

Friday 24. We rode twenty-one miles to Benjamin Van Pelt's, 
upon Licking-Creeb ; we fed onr horses twice, the riders not 
iDnee ! - Here I left the horse and carriage, and borrowed a horse 
to ride to Kentucky. Saturday, rode twenty miles across to Hol- 
stoii quarterly meeting at the Stubble Fields. I now rode tipoa 
horseback, and the rain came on powerfully until we were drip- 
ping'. I had no cloak but the carriage covering, the rain took 
shoulders, elbows, and feet — for eight miles it was violent ; I had 
2iot been so steeped for four years, i washed the wet parts with 
whiskey, and did not take tbe damage I feared. Oh thou of little 
faith, wherefore didst th«»u doubt? Bishop Whatcoat preached. 
Onr local brethren were loving and lively — brothers Van Pelt, 
Wells, and Winton. 

Sabbath day 26. We had a good sacramental and speaking time. 
I preached on Titus ii. 14. and brother M'Kendree from Psalm xi. 
S — 6. I was led to recollect the loss of time and difficulty met 
with from Borttetourt to Holston, one hundred miles-^few friends, 
rough roads — one week lost in riding. 

Monday 27. We began our grand route to Kentucky at eight 
o'clock. We bad to climb the steeps of Clinch about the heat of 
the day ; walk up I could not : I rode, and rested my horse by 
dismounting at times. We came to Hunt's for the first night. 
Such roads and entertainment I did not ever again expect to see — 
at least in so short a time. 

Kentucky.^— Tuesday 28. We came to Davis's to breakfast, and 
at night we slept at Ballinger's, upon Cumberland- River. 

Wednesday 29. We came to Logan's and fed : this low and new 
land is scented ; I was almost sickened with the smell. We came 
to the elder of the Panies's and lodged. 

Thursday, October 1. We came rapidly to Job Johnson's, and 
reached it by riding in the night : now I began to fail. 

Friday 2. We came on to our brother Howard's. We crossed 
Kentucky-River at the mouth of Hickman ; it was so low that we 
forded it with ease. We have travelled in five days one hundred 
and forty-five miles. 1 have slept uncomfortably this week. 

Saturday 3. I came to Bethel. Bishop Whatcoat and William 
M'Kendree preached : I was so dejected I could say little — ^but 

Vol. II. 50 



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394 REV. FHANCIS ASBURy's JOURNAL. [1806. 

weep. Sabbath day it rained, and I kept at home. Here is Be- 
thel — Cokesbary in miniatare, eighty by thirty feet, three stones, 
with a high roof, and finished below. Now we want a fond and an 
income of 300 per year to carry it on — without which it will be 
useless. But it is too distant from public places, its being sur- 
rounded by the river Kentucky in part, we now find to be no bene- 
fit: thus all our excellencies are turned into defects. Perhaps 
brother Poythress and myself were as much overseen ffrith this 
place as Dr. Coke was with the seat of Cokesbury. But alt is right 
that works right, and all is wrong that works wrong, and we must 
be blamed by men of slender sense for consequences impossible 
to foresee — for other people's misconduct. Sabbath day, Monday 
and Tuesday, we were shut up in Bethel with the travelling and 
local ministry and the trustees that could be called together. We 
ordained fourteen or fifteen local and travelling deacons. It was 
thought expedient to carry the first design of education into exe- 
cution, and that we should employ a man of sterling qualifications, 
to be chosen by and under the direction of a select number of 
trustees, and others who should obligate themselves to see him 
paid, and take the profits, if any, arising from the establishment. 
Dr. Jennings was thought of, talked of, and written to. I visited 
John Lewis, who lately had his leg broken ; I left him with good 
resolutions to take care of his soul. 

Wednesday 8. We rode fifteen miles to Shawnee- Run» and 
crossed Kentucky -River at Curd's ferry ; the river was as low as 
a stream, and the streams are nearly dried up. 

Thursday 9. I preached on Hebr. iii. IS — 14. at the new house 
at Shawnee-Run. We had rich entertainment for man and beast 
at Robert Johnson's. 

Friday 10. We rode to Pleasant-Run to John Springer's : it 
was a very warm day for the season. I had a running blister at 
my side, yet I rode and walked thirty- two miles. We refreshed 
ourselves at Crawford's tavern upon the way. We have visited 
Knox, Madison, Mercer, and Washington counties in this state. It 
was strongly insisted upon by preachers and people that I should 
say something before I left Bethels-able or unable, willing or an- 
willing ; accordingly, on Tuesday, in the academical hall, I gave 
a long, temperate talk upon Hebr. x. 38, 39. 

Sabbath day 12. It rained excessively; we were shut up; 
William M'Kendree met the people. We have had but two 
Sabbaths to spend in Kentucky, and in both I was prevented by 
rain. 



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i8od!5 



REV. PRAKCIS ASBTOy's JOURNAL. 395 



Monday 13. We leflt John Springer's, and came to Lewis Tho- 
mas's, fiAeen miles ; a deep, damp, narrow path ; the underwood 
▼cry wet. Crossed Cartwright and Hardin's Creeks. I gave a 
short sermon on Rom. viii. 9. '' If any man have not the Spirit of 
Christ he is none of his." — 

I. How we are to know when we have the Spirit of Christ — by 
the operations, gifts, consolations, and fruits of the Spirit. 

II. We are none of his if we are not interested in the offices, if 
not partakers of the redemption and privileges of Christ. 

HI. That none can be interested in Christ, who are not par- 
takers of the Spirit of Jesus. 

My system is greatly affected with the weather ; but my soul 
bath abundant consolation in God. It is plain there are not many 
mighty among the Methodists in Kentucky. In travelling between 
two and three hundred miles, I have visited six dwellings besides 
the academy. At Pleasant Run, October 12, we ordained Joseph 
Ferguson, and Moses Crame, to the office of deacons. 

Tuesday 14. We began our march for Cumberland. We were 
told by two persons, that we could not cross the Rolling Fork of 
Salt^River ;* I judged we could, and as 1 thought, so it was: we 
forded it with ease. We came up a solitary path east of the level 
woods, and struck into the road to Lee's ferry. For ten miles of 
the latter part of this day's journey, we rode through barrens of 
hickory, shrub oak, and hazelnut ; thirty miles, if not thirty-five, is 
the amount of this day's work ; in the morning there was a very 
great damp, and in the afternoon it was, 1 thought, as warm as the 
west of Georgia. 

Wednesday 15. We crossed Green River, the main branch of 
which riseth near the Crabb Orchard. We crossed at the mouth . 
of Little Barren River. We then made a bold push for the great 
Barren's ; dining at Mr. Morrison's ; I could not eat wallet-provi- 
sion, but happily for me I was provided with a little fresh mutton 
at the house, made warm in a small space. Now we had unfavour- 
able appearances of rain ; we had bleak, barren hills to ride ; 
which, although beautiful to sight, were painful to «ense. The 
rain came in large and rapid drops, for fourteen miles ; we were 
well soaked on all sides. A little aAer dark we came to Mr. Ha- 
gin's, upon Big Barren River ; a good house, an excellent fire to 
dry our clothing, good meat and milk ' for supper, and the cleanest 
beds, all this we had. I have paid for this route. 

Tennessee. — Thursday 16. We came on to Lucas's : this poor 
woman was excessively displeased because I asked her if she 



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396 KEY. FRANCIS ASBURy'S JOURNAL. [idOO. 

prayed with her children. Next day we made tbirty*fi?e tniles to 
Sharpens, old place, where we had good entertaiDOient ; they 
charged twenty shiltings for ikiea and horses. We thence basted 
to Mr4 Dickinson '«, on White's creek. I waked at four o'clock ; 
ate but little breakfast, and rode twenty-eight miles — the poor men 
and horses were tired down ; we fed the horses upon the path, but 
had no food for ourselves until we came in. I have thought, as I 
rode along, that in travelling nearly six hundred measured milea, 
we have had only six appointments ; and at these but small congre- 
gations : have we wearied ourselves in vain I Our judgment is 
with the Lord ; I can only say for myself, I have had the Lord'd 
presence, and great support in soul and body. 

Saturday 18. At Parker's my subject was Col. ii. 6. Brothers 
M'Gee, Lugg, Jones, and Spier, local preachers, came to meet 
me : we had a small shout in the camp of Israel. 

Sunday 19. I rode to Nashville, long heard of, but never seen 
by me until now ; some thought the congregation ' would be small, 
but I believed it would be large ; not less than one thousand peo- 
ple were in and out of the stone church ; which, if floored, ceiled, 
and glazed, would be a grand bouse. We had three hours public 
exercises. Mr. M'Kendree upon '* the wages of sin is death.'' My- 
self on Rom. X. 14, 15. Brother Whatcoat on *< When Christ, who 
is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in 
glory." We returned the same evening, after dining with Mr, 
M^Kain. I had a feeling sight of my dear old friend Greenhill 
and his wife : who would have thought we should ever meet. in 
this distant land ? i had not time as formerly, to go to their house 
to eat and sleep. We had a night meeting at Mr. Dickinson's. 

Monday SO. We came by Manslick to Drake's creek meeting- 
house, at the close of a sacramental solemnity, that had been held 
four days by Craghead, Hodge, Rankin« M'Gee, and Mr. Adair, 
Presbyterian officiating ministers ; we came in, and brother M'Ken- 
dree preached upon Jer. iv. 14. after him brother Whatcoat upon 
** We know that we are of God :" I also spoke ; my subject was 
the work of God, Last Sabbath was my birth-day* This will knake 
the thirtieth year of my labours in America. It is supposed there 
are one thousand souls present, and double that number heard the 
word of life on Sunday. 

Tuesday fl. Yesterday, and especially during the night, were 
witnessed scenes of deep interest. In the intervals between 
preaching, the people refreshed themselves and horses, and re- 
turned upon the ground. The stand was in the open air> em- 



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j[800«] REV. FRANCIS ASBURy'S JOURNAL. 397 

bosomed in a wood of lofty beech trees. The miDisters of God, 
Methodists and Presbyterians, united their labours, and mingled 
with the childlike simplicity of prtmitife times. Fires blazing 
here and there dispelled the darkness, and the shouts of the rep 
deemed captives, and the cries of precions soals struggling into 
life, broke the silence of midnight. The weather was delightful ; 
as if heaven smiled, whilst mercy flowed in abundant streams of 
salvation to perishing sinners. We suppose there were at least thirty 
souls converted at this meeting. I rejoice that God is visiting the 
sons of the Puritans, who are candid enough to acknowledge their 
obligations to the Methodists. 

We have passed only two counties in the District of Mero : 
^et Cumberland keeps ** the noiseless tenor of his way'' through 
the midst of the settlement