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Full text of "The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society ...: General index to the fifth ten volumes of the ..."

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STAITDA&D WORKS O F REFERENCE. 

THE IMTIIRIAL GAZETTEER: a General Dictionary of 

< lWgr;i]iliT, Hi;->iiH"[iJ, Vnliln^iJ, Stutmh^nl, ninl l^'wrptivc Hp'iwko, vlth a 
Sovn.kMr\T. fcrkTigliiji; tlio liirnmiiillnii ii<iwn In Tlu* I /ili>.h 'Hmf Hillted \if 
W. G. JlLACKlv, I'ii-D^, t'.U.G.a. With notily HOO W<»ti Kngrfcv[ngii of Vi^^WJ, 
Ccrtium Uup^ I'lfeOH. Ac 2 luvu toU,, iEn-liMlriK ^tjc HupijlFtiiuiit, jiDinriiLl 

THE IMFERUL ATLAS OF MODERN GEOOBAPHY. A 

toilvB ot Ocio lliimlrvl lnJX■^Ll!5•<tJU1U^pd yinim. viabnurlrij; tlio luoiC tm-ni 
DtocoTOfiM^ A-ud tbu Ulnl PolitkiaL DivifHt^ikcof' IVrrrtorr Id ail part* of the WorE^J, 
Ocop&Ad frv>(Q lilt rrtoBt Aifthmlii^ ?^ur<*». iiil^I^t lh« «iporTiBiciD nf W. G, 

|Ji«*kt Rnttw*} KilitE/^n- MrongN 1»iinJ In hftlrmumy^o.gUt edgm^ ji:^ lOt. 

AiVlH* 



VcBTtfy. AiUrrfni^ 



,Aikd rulDi-H iif^'ldll in GnflnRtnL"— ^iU vniM. 



THE IMPEEUL DICTIONART: Eflgliah, Toohnologioal, and 

dclcQUlk. OallioDaibiof Wcbilcii'BEodliliWoliwuQry. Will UiowliUtioii nf 
OMtJ Utonmut} WtffilA aq<] PbruoL icrluiiiiijjHr Iho anioi tiPuctuUj atn}d TtvliDicul 

DOt LnohuloiJ tn prrvliKiA F.nvlri-h DiolNmi^im Rj .Vm^ OiJiLvirc. l.i.AK 
mmtntAd l> ujjrioriL; uf '*A'fV I?;ji:nTinfi r>ii Wnoil. 2 lu-Gt vain,, lodiLilhis 
Uie Sairplciucul. iiiiiir^TLLil 8vr>,, "lotb^CI^ hoir-oinTOOOo. JTi lAi, 

tui */ f*i «t lire *c[ia| hU1« uf XCfO^lAlti pvimllUit u>iiiM)r«^«'' vjiiuuvA iuva/hlt icirtvilini-"— 
LOM^'N: IILACKIE AND SON, f\ TATEIiNOSTliB BlTU.Dl.VGEv 

LONDON 
PASSPORT AGENCY OFFICE, 

Re^lntlonti f^tifl Tor obttuiiing Forsiga Offlos Passports. 

pOLNTKY or LONDON RESIDENTS, hy f^rvanlintf % Bftiitor'^ 
V Ajiplii^iilion, or rorl^dcnU tif IJcntllr, <»u tuTP sfc r,\*ifrP*>HT j.i»i VISAS 

Cut of PAiaPOKT. Zi.: T1BA5. Tutoiu. F«ft obUiniJis PAaSFOBT. Il e&. 
f« vtUiJoJag 7IIAS, la, ouh. 

/a*jifirti rtnr/Mfly JJowrjf«l nnrt C^§nt. atid ,Vn™*i '"ffff**! rtm«»l tn Qoiti. 

Pauport Caaet frDm li. 6d. to 5i. 6d, e&oh. 

THE LATEST EDITIONS OF MURRflV'S MANDBOOKS," 

BRADfiHAVa BRITISH a-tI GflimNENTAt GmDES ftn^i EAmBOaKS 

la Hvsw, tfr^fkvix Ovnarjr, i^iutlu'l. IMj, ttaaLu iM iVrtniAL. >4iriuihitr, nrni4iif.'JjiQl,PuU 

IXtnriB't IlBalbiuk Tb itnM CrililCL ttb, la futir }K^ U- 4CA. B&ajwu*^ fJiH^ipR-ii FirutC 
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ttlo^ ■111] Aiw-iali^ frL^ Hudlq^BU' Jbutar. KMrti^ ■uddcn^Ai^lOf. ahJi^ Ui.Kiiu«h'> tUx^ 
■toU tt*u.4 \(,rTii iitiTTiM, F'lm'* Ptit^w*. Kirrtri'L LBurii-nn^ *r>fl 'JiiaiKM'-, M*t» of 
SsMiirliiiA Jt4iii^* U.ki' oi rm Tm^vi- LtiRtxx a»ip Arfi«Qf'j II«ndj»ok 1a ldPtT(»p« anJ the 
bn* ib<B'«Umib1uhji(LAlHl,lrTJUIil, Wfr'Ci^aud&^LIdlUt 0'^llli4>^Alri w't>k F^iniieAl, im-H 





DHIVATK INSTKUCTION fn GEOLOGY and lONERALOGY 
ttit L— ■■ of oa* hour- 



VrXL la Iba UiitaniBion nallddp, it 10 a n. lU^I .1 r.u. lerni: luif ■ Gaintt ftr 

IUain|<igj, [Ina dinlof bit Ch^lvua hoJlJup, HdJ ttunc un fluLoKJ C^^b jit Fdvttr, 

EILTEMHAXT. UKUlCiGI^T, M'J, »THA0tl3, Loodon, WC, lo?4 !o £af«rai 
lb« r^Uic Uul K^inai ipPinimt U4Uvlluu ncrirU* wEntDM M HUP. tV ! Vf-UaMiBKi't, 
C^T^rmH\mUVr Vfvl lV*v*il>l 

IniatJ^itLOi i«i£irFiifldrijl-l>ttnbqru«Dtdaf.'']T^Oit>LV l.-t»\llv^ rJtA.te.ha 

■UMBTTaEY Oti^KX^KAL OOhLVmom «« lUnolh HodU. >»1 mm- (U muMfilB U>a 

•« t«ta w«anniB.bai'Miim(«LU~tl!in* rnri .,.,..,..., r^ i • 

X % ■<«■ "^ I***", in OibtftH ■iibF'n Tw» .„.,......,., ltd 

AM '^dBiDfc iHjt. to j^aMwt lilUi yinit lirt^tft ..■,..•„».-,'. 10 IB U 

■■< r^wlBU ftii, Mi*f, m (^><Mff wifti THn*«ii tTmiwn ■■,.,■■,. n « 

#ff CaUHLUPC nibtr LUlllUwelltfit ali^V^UnJu?. al M UilbOQ CalWiMtVtL TIM 

iffily I* Mr. 






L fOBBilE-4dlM(JODof 7a«aila. VtOfiralt, Books, And Poli 



f|Kla«K imoB C40. 



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iVBff Wi ■»# ■■ nrmcMlfiTihyir ipnpifcr-4tiTmUliD:i Datl*^ r,U A, «r tlx nrtiWi Xiikruo. 
nit Ci^ladlia Bu^nwi^ lo tlJii>rn>r« Ht. TannatPt^ l^i^tiiHi ou i^doUct Hid 1^C»r«iijAficv ■* 

I to 1^ HuDDBv ImrtafL'EVniliA ftf r«*LtiiH tfa* UMi<iiiE^<rmr.»blrli Lie b'lil frorii l»3 ID lift, II* 

rrUhHte^l tall— il>l^'-.«r< <i. L4W,«| Ttmtbavt Oc<tLl^'l Mluir*!^/** kti<|f^^lM^ ILb 
fJCMTBUt tfiMDa VTfliTn'Blir AJiU rruiAj mornlript rnna > lo J-D. wd an L'lJuiBd^nHliip iram 
■ U t^ n^Vtha Hiflj ki OviflUnr tod Wnonul* ■! &fli<r. 

ICL Aa*«l^ar«biUtl.l1iiO»iNnt&Ua&JUUc?l£l^ Yith VadrUo(Cti<ti.U.i>Uinin>, *r. In ■ 
eamiid 4aJ <kl«h« ■Hb ft» dnwcn Piid iIh* uh iid t>riP. ft it, D m knit n I*- ^ ■"■ blib. vi^ >l tii. 
CM bUft ta ttmt. Tta hprvtiiiAkt vrr>- iimI mr Hirriwii fr^Ti oiiiiKrAE^ Mr, I-hilmiLi Ifciurft 
■AH M^ JlMl>«r 4f*drtt J. W«ir>1cb, 'Lti^l O&ICtCoIi. with UiQ Ofllvlfod nl I'lvdW ■>-■*« af* 
■>g liilliil III! \l\m iilHm riij I I lip Uf^rrjrri cd Mj :h *.tu[>><~tk:. i-fcOL'HlT. und lAt.niMC- 
LOUT ^ t BM-daa Ki1ijC4UL4tAl LiuJ>LI>lL[n«i|1. it *rvul>] lana ko lOaUurilVa liooLiiEliltl Vuiacttt 

JT. TWO C^ftlBITTj. wrlf EDDbtliiEflj; w <ninnu * 1U> Ih^i'U UlivrmU Il«tl4 uiH FovJlK 

a>^llB,»Mf. AjfJ tfV it t(i-lrljibi r*Tb(T'Dblht(i^4fti]TBv«r*,wHb * altv *u« >iik U* (op <^ 
BtttrLilLii m hiori. iDi i»in rrciiL r>u«r»nufii Qb i>mim m >Iim iriii um Umu^ 

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Hnn ^1 1 filai 1bi 1 1 1 ■■!> mill HI n if Upd-iti ilbvl'a •M tUln-rtii. >m<kTi(iir ilm uiiw nt* *>«* 
Oj^ih «rO«H niiiH/lB''ai4v«t Ti*t*ia Lu Oc^JL." tnJ >^|>|.>va u* U ■'i.i4iin Tltf l^iifv* 
«ii4Mi ttM^Cff iTb ncrtt t«b «u«ali>n b; hni^LlAid. l.yrEL MLnirU VmcJOian. nmifi^ uul 

VUL npVtTfrii ClOliH^lOAL m^t'UJd lTl^K'c>^. roar [nchdv n^u^r-. ahddi]uM wllfa L<tUh 
■nv Pu|iWia(^^t*a li- h-d fi^Kirl*, iph't uy.-^v. I. eiraUfii:*! Jbxkvoui: Vtitfj vtVwnviA^ 
««l Kiv « UMiairft iT 4fT*;A^ \n I, Miinno* I iLftir^ilL mi nfOiii; Siv t <^miuiiit of 3inii4j 
«a.& DBdnaV^a|d«d*i ^v.S. ibhmiUuu Lf lffiD«na Trials A*. TLc tuw Mi-lt:* ^ibl 
toAm^MHLtt- 

JAVES TEHIVAKT, Kiaor&loj^it (^j appointinont) to H«t Hi&jesty 
ft&d 1^0 BaKoicu BardetM7ontt«, 148. Str&nd, London, W,C. 



amlLbF ^r* of UDnlLIKILlAl,, 



ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCIENCE. 

n 
JAMKS UEYSOLDS, F.R,G.8. 

Ilioie Cluttntlooi hnv9 t>»eQ detlAiLCiJ m an efCeaUTO m^&ni of Impartlns 
luio^ledKA through tbo mo^kim o^ tha oyo, jUdcd by Bul'al^to oolcuttng, 

THE PIIINOIPLES OF 8C1ENCE, {lloatraUd <md ciphmod, on » 

i Pols of SIClil Avrt^ wA eiMt* ('K > n, Lpt 1 rv> i<:i^uUei< *if}uo|«d of bbafidnd* llln^ 

T AROnR SERIK.S DK THE PIUSCIPLKS OF fiClENCE, «iih 

XJ tlta lEliav^oiu Ea K U.rk-n ami I»LJr- itjla triut Uii jhrn^tJ n j; , I'lLU F HH n i^l or iSlTlnn. a|| 

fnB OUEAT bCIliNUEti ILLUSTRATED. Lnrgo CoWr-di 

r«r or anDvntiaioii. ArrmixotaT, ■»■ Id owr, aMd» (OcnuiiaL OMoUfL^rn ii« »<l,h «na ^-4. 
7HTiilCjaO*oaiupiiT.ta.uri SOk Hfrfurr. 1«, hM IB* Cim]miT,Pi.,iitd Ul 1tunulo<j^ 
7h «d..uji] I3n.«l Si^rjKiiJfk td.imllb. nj. i>iit>Hc;jvi,a< CVI,. uLd JO*. 14, 

MACUINEBY AND MANUFACTUBRS, Larjc* Cflloured DJa- 

ItttttrXTT^MUb Mwn K«tfU: l. LhhoMw ^BBiTDd: t. Muim )Tnf<» ; 0. kutu Amir' 

>>i3hi «.BiaMtTatamab7TrUutrDiwp*j fl. Ifuafb-Un 4«J«* ^ P. rtp-r U'lliliiillmcUiiM; 
le. ritnttni MHblaPj tLrOEUB; 13. nn KtikIdd; iz. HjcrtulUi I'm; i*, lUrb-itJuK 3lBdiiL«±: 
ll> n*oSlU| U.I«ifpl«4f tt«W«bh ; IT, Ui~Ui.;*ni at u- Chnk ; H, Di'tmLnf ; IB. <im 
MlMr; *B. 7)« VamuMr Hd Jit C*h: U. Mittcuu kid Urewljik, 2L UuEilAiiurrrjI ui^jm-. s$, 
HorlHonl n>4U ^Dtifr; U. PHtHhip SrnfCnfH ; ^. Nr»^ [jfitoT ikEtltSblp; » Cn^ Ulnlnf ; 31. 
CoMOD riufi Lilul LLi l^nlUTBllfFll, |M» 2ft. U- tikob; olt maanlcKj, £■- luoll- 

pORTFOLlOt^ UF POPULAU KCIENTino DIAGRAMS. 

rntumoi'iit, ii«. «. 

I ABOE PHYSICAL MAPS OF THE WORLD (E. 0- JUvts- 

A&XBONOMICAL UEOGRAPHY. A a^ncsof CcToar^d Din^am* 

il OlttMaUw df <b* OilMltl flphn^ lutM pOrtiM U ipMA. VAIl<-1i of tivrtilBl'ijr Ui* 

yiEW OF NATURE IN ALL CLIMATES. A Coloured Tnbkna, 

' R,Ea IbdOUii rviKvEhUnc Uio Toriau OUnaUa of ttu Ctobc, TLUi tbdi (HtBCt Uie fuinQ Qf 

urfHiLo Uf^ 4v^ nuiri iLiQ igariUii w Uic luiur *Jinie. ^yna uucmvaa. to ccrer. «■. 9ii,* 

VIEW OF NATUJUC IN ASCENDING UEGlONa A Comporft- 

* Utv Vlev at ihBObJrf UQODtaiuof the WcfU. iriUi r>fiBa of OrBbia li/s Id A «nU«J dLrDsUaa. 

GEOLOGICAL SECTION OF THR KARTHft CRUST, fi>io^- 

GEOLOGICAL CHAIIT (Prcrffluor MoEinj*). ^h^niji^ ilic OHcf 

IB IteAn^ he iJcJound. UH sO-tiifitt^ux ranr, Sl. ; moauUd. 4*. «(L 

GEOLOGICAL AND 8CIKNTI1-IC ATLASES. «», :— 
OnxxTp^l'J^ Atiax of OUbT BHT^X. f mrn i^ <<iiviimnviiE inTTR?. ibr. Lte i^, 
OtOLOOicj.1, U^ror ItlOtuilitWAUNiUdxciL^n imoti.a>ii. ^''tibC-j •■, nibfit^ inib 

IIITAIIT op (J!l]TnUtL I1I1T41T. /Wl V ''■O^'*" "".'"' "^^^ ^""^ ^" ^'- lAnTlliltfl, ML 
fltunt DtiiiilhricH*uiitAr<f i:*ciu]iiLf»naibANoji^i>j.<~'i>bH)UMi, i4,a<i,^ tuodui-d^ «fk U, 
Vi^vuruuL atilAb L>r b-LLMniL viUi4oagaA?MrtHDi*iii'] uicdLivUuiJA leku, 
Vhi-ot-'niii ttivkxTfr-iVin:.rTaniit4bnmB le T^Dilna imia* ; h*Ii. i Id. to Bislla- 4b, td, 

IttPROVfiD BOOKS FOR SPANISH COUNTRIES ANU 
LONDON : JAMEb HiiliXOLlJiS tb SONS, ;74, STBAXIX 



BOOKS OF TRAVEL. 



BIT Sm SAMUEL W- BAKES, PA&BA. 

IS3IAIIj[A: a N^irr^iivc of Ihe Hxpediiion to C«ntnLl 
Altit* for thf. SiippKaftt-iFicf th(i81ii;v*TrBf1r,crrani«trfby limnil, Klifl<1iY*<iif 

^f HB ALBKKT N'YANZA Great IWin of the Nile, 

^^m aaJt Bx[ilont[i>n cf Unt NtU Souran. Fourth EdiLon. iixy^ jind IlluJtra- 

H-KK XILK TRIBUTARIES OP ABYSSINIA, and 

^^K the SuviT,! Iliinirn ot iiu< Hamimi AnbL With HifH uid llldtnitniu. 

THE GBOOnAPHICAL UISTIIIIIUTION OF 

1 ANVMAI^S. Wlt^ uSin^ ftf lh« 1t«UtiAns a| Inirjiig and Kxtinct tfauiui, 

I an RlricidAiing Ibn ypni Ch(m^ nf Uio Rarth'* Snrfitac. lEf Aurvcn R. 

^^H Wau^aci:, Aiiihnr of '*Tho MaIilv ArchljuJftgc," &c- With QafouR^ Mnpi 

^^H ftnl iinrni^inii* IKntirafioot bv [^vKC^icm. ? vols, t^vtx. 4^. 

■the MALAY ARCillPKLAGO; i\w T.iuiil oP iU 

^^K UitA-Utttft uid ihu HLM <<f I'trihiuf. A ^'uratirt of Tn**t, vill^ Slujint 
^^B Of Mui 90d Svtnrt. Bt Ai-rftiiD Ku»iki. WAfjjicft. Fifth KdlUfW, 
^^B Ofovm m^ with 3iUf« aai naiiivrrfni ILIuftFttiout, T«, ikf, 

'^lARGARrS JOURNKY fnjm SHANOnAK to 

«Ub A Bfi<f Biogr«]iLicAl IVoAun ; * OanoLadinK CliAfit^r by Sir fiunmroKD 
,AiC>oc«, KXIB., A St«vl Forinit «itc«ved bv C. U- Jiaxi, tad RnUi Uah 

AND ALA Y to MOMIRX: a Narmtivc of the Two 

EjqvdiEkviitO W'MtAm ChutD. of 1*1^> io JH7a, under C/'lniipt T,. P.Mt'lfn nnil 
aakMi4 Ibimca Rmwn#, RyJuirv AM>ri:flr^, K.n. Ki1tii.,F,T:.K R, Mi-Hi^l 
a&d dddiUAa OllSotr lo !J]« £j(p«diihia- 8to.^ friUi niM^imoua lIluAimtloitit 

"ANGOLA and the RIVEK CONGO. By Joaotiji 

jud « Ua(v - lult,, iTown Itvo., 3U 

STERN PERSIA: an Aeconnt of the Journeys of 

Ibe Frruu rmiii-LuT '''JiTnnilj«S<m, IHTCI-T1-T2, :: voU. r<vo., 421. 
ToL l--Tbc OEOnRArHlf, Willi SAKBATIVE8 lij M*ju» Eli\ Johk, 
I^OTCrr. and Riak SutHi aiiJ lui latroduotujii liy ML^j<tf>G4iicr«I ^ii 

\H. n —Th» :i;i.H>LOi'V ku^ OKOLOf:V. »y W. T, ULiMroan. A£AM.. 
F.ltA With TninMm>ui Oilimnul IlhMmtloni, 

KBW LANDS WITHIN TRK AllCTfC PIBOLE : A 

X*fT»lir* of thoPidoovMini cif fhfl AiiHriflii Ship " Trfi^llhoff," TH 1^73-74. 
]tf Jarui;ii PATtii.nccol ihc Ooiuinnadori of tbp EtpwUtiriti. WirJi ii|'minlfi 
etf 100 lllnrtrntijnia frnm Drr^ing*. by tht Anf.h'>r, Ro"le Mflj*. ^ft tn 

L(>(j-li:ttek.^ from the ^^ challengers 

By Lord GrcnsB CAurnEU. Wnh HU^ Soconrl r.rlitbnn Hvn., 12*. rw. 
fUTCH GUIANA. By W. G. PAi><iitAVK, Author of 

MACUILLAK A N l7 CO., L-ONUOK, 



BOOKS OF MARK FOB THE LIBRARY. 



"Tlin DOOK op THE SEASON."-*""'-*''-'^ 

TbvSu>iJj^ KJJlIfrii will tiu ni^l^ on Aprj! I£thof 

THE PBINCE OF WALES' TOUE IN INDIA. 

By Vt. W. il. Kmnx. lliuitrotod by Sydtvit Haij< M..V- Imj^ml Svy^ 
cluihoitm,glU AilfiM. I'tic.*, '21 ISi- till 






^■^^K Noff Kod.;, nvm 4to-. dolh utn, ptioo 7>- i^f. 

AFHIOA, AND THE BRUSSELS CONTERENOE. 

F.S^. Willi * \Uy. 

THE DISCOVERIES OF PRINCE HENRY THE 

NAVIGATOK.MnplJipTffftmviiTfoflln^l'Worrr^hj fti'a. withlo Otir CpTitiirj, 
af moro Uiiin It^Mlif Wcr-Lfi. Jly KunuiUJ Ukskt Mi-Juii, F.&.A. Demy Sto., 
triiii «|1VlT^I^^'uodi'uU.l Un|4, lmiJ a rtjoUiK'Oplit<'^ Iki-iuJucll^uuriho INiltlftlt 
of Pfiuci' Huury, ClMh ^jltn^ ]&*u [BAody. 

"^TfefjuillwUkliia aiiJ iKJDUinC*: ftuLliui ul' iIi'lp wuil ti» |ig| IwluiT liluuoir n my diiliuuL 

, , . W' ndnui tl^iit (iL( nuihoT lis* tnnJc out a Ttrr k*"*^ m-c. aod vrr imtir tj vi 

iM^UUmv pro-luL^Uap. that tl InJI* (]■ n ^nt i^onf in « tn«|«Ent« narnp*!^ . . . 

~ 119^' itl'>MrilJDi]IIV[ll, EMinr loVK iilifkit nf 111' prnBlKii 4El4l pntolB. uirl q4v«r 

Al and nQf Kiid Uim. Id tiU rlvvTiipflnnn oi mnuizr rLi>EAm«,^-k ^liPt* U a 

A FOimril KDITIOS VF 

THE CRUISE OF H.M.8. " CHALLENGER," by 

yt. J, J, ^ri[i. b TUttly. 1 toL dL-in}' ftTd,, ololli oilni, ^Ith KoiiLr Mup and 

"Wt<l in wfi'xifiwi wihI 1^4] ifflth ^i<-At inurnt. . . . (sfrsA mplthl tdaa i>rih« oruito, 
.... Ca|iiuJL)r wi'iiMm."— tltiiJi^ftv- 
" WvDiulEi(f uiMfivlilicik Uuek* lo iliv wrlEfr lor et clitmltiif IrDok,"— ^uAh Bttff. 

A ^KCOKD EDITIOS OF 

THE TWO AMERICAS, by Sir ROSE PEICE, 

Bart>. ia nuw Ittudv. 1 vuL Joiuj 8vo„ tluUi t*jttr», wilb lUuflii'a- 

■< Oni '>' the iDclcrt Uoki of tnn^ af lilt ttVnbJ'-'SaeiUtmit, 




I 

I 
I 



EUGENE SCHUYLER'S TURKISTAN. 2 vok, 



London: 
SAMPSON LOW, MARSiOK, ISEARLE & BIVINGTON, 



THB 



JOURNAL 



or 



llOYAL GEOClUPniCAL SOCIETY. 



VOLCME THE FOBTT-SIXTH. 




1870. 



EDITED BY TUE ASSISTAST-SECEETAHy. 



LONJJON: 
JOHN MUIlltAY, ALUKMAKI.B STBBET. 



2|-ini8 



LOXbOV: 

rWVTED BT WnUUf CLOWES JTH BOVSb 

nucrou mxR aid cbaxeiq ixoil 



i i" > 



CONTENTS OF VOL. XLVL 



{]|(BBeUlIcpviI;ku4 &iLlai:)»*^li«ot rorlfiTG t 

Lilt oT GouDcit, Ofliacnr UoQonuy ^tui tioncpnuy CorraBpondio;; 

UisiDben, aor] KelLows XV 

fndiiridiuld t^ vkom tli« Uoy»l Promiump, Jtc^. Uikve been awarded ., <xir 

P^VHtiUtioa or CfOtd U*d>1>, £o^ ou 

AooIroraAry AJdrcif, bjr Maji>r-Q(;ji, Sir H. C Uawtjicwx, iL,uiL|&c, cnU 



X!tft. IM AniMn tn Alow iBp*M^bl« loriai oeoMDU «f UMT rftfiKiiTiitHtr«n-J 



1.— JcQAoy tuiTvm tiu VatnA Jiikull, in th« SmnoMf of ld75. Uy 

W, L M'i-m I 

3.-^n Mr. H, M. t^uitlv/t £xr>U>raLl«D <ft lb« TlctorU Njana. By 

Weiit-^Jolcnnlil. A, OuiT, o.u., a<tL - „ 10 

^.^DcvrjjtLon of- tli« Ctnmtf^ ad^ NaIitijt of'^ort- )dor(}ibj ^a^ 

4.^— Kxtnotjt Iruni n iMary of a Tonr m KfiorojiBia, a.nd Notoi <jn tho 

Kut«m Ali-iirt TffcCL I*y Oipuiti the Hon. G. i:, NAtlxn „ ^2 

NotcM on tiia Vuiiiut TriT»<- I^y Ka/^j Svtiii AsMAn 142 

Tabtv« <jf Ki^nUi En IhoEjulcm Albnn Tract..' lU 

4,^NoUs of a J<iurQoy from Hauk(;w tn IVli Fu. By tha Into 
Ai:>At^sTutf LUirx(ari> M^bqait, IwJng l-jctracU from tbo 
AuthofV V'lory , „ 172 

ti. — A Vfnit 10 Uic VaKny of the ffhutll. !n Weiwrn Ttmnui, FftTiriiftry, 

. IfiT-l, By Ne» EMAB,OoWMcilft|lMiu»,(i. tOS 

T.— IV Xortb-Anuricui Uuundary from tbo Lako of thr Wogda to tb* 
Jtuckj MoQuUioB. By Oaptaia S, A:fDKR*oir, n.i., Cbiet Astro* 
noBHTi NurLh-Amcdcfm Bottndary Commiuion £S9 

$:— Tbo Vallov of tho TiUigi-, Pmail. Py TuoHxr P. BiGG^WtTnrB. 

Awoc. toai, ChK SCS 

9^-A Prui« Cif KlulnrliftT on ibfl fifurtpraphyflf Kitimni Tnfkt*intti. By 

RaSiZAW r*! 

10^-Od Ujc DUtiict dT Ak^m in Wut Africa, By Captain J, 8, Um S'^iO 

n^ — Kctcfl of ft Jounifly froni tho Itivor »l. Krtnci«co W iLe Jlivcr 
Tfxuittiit* aud to tlic Uity of MarmtMo; JSy Jkiue W. 
WjLMA,C.t 308 

l!i,^^JoiiraoT «f Riplormtioii freiD dontb to WMlam Auatnlfa, In 1875. 

Dy EBTfcn-OiLB ^ .. .. 323 

lX-^>eccra|iliy of l^iHk acitj SalaiiH«rr, and a Inii^f ^ulcli of Boineuf tho 

RdiMOii Uatay Btttv*. By W. Djinnii^uTCiv D'Aljiciua. ritik*, .157 

« 2 



C " > 

14.— Tlic W8tPrHbi^1 of O^iitml A^ Rnjit ajul W«at» By Iienl.<Cgl. 

T. E. (Kinm»*. 11,1: 3HI 

15. — Joumpy It Ijkko Cbftd and Uio Nfligbbotiruig R^giciut. fir Dt, 

Naciitkiai .. .. 390 

It— Noi™ ariYtniwinylnp a Tbart of n Portbn nf the Niger J}c\U. Bjr 

Kiauai) DoitiUhKUai BcriJcH nnil KuisKsr Kmuut ., .. .. ill 

ITi^Kold (o iccompaaj & TnkVfrK- Surrey <if tUi \VhJt<* Si\i\ (iQCL 

Khartum tu ti-ctU Id'-I. l>j hiuui, C. M. ^A-ncy, r.e. ,• IIS 
Rciiulu or Lit^i. Wateok I AftlroDotDLCOl Ubscrf>t)o&£ it Pwrtioni 
ciQ tbo Jtivrf Kilo during tbu Year 1871. l.'Alcd1alj!d hy Wilmav 
Ellu^ i',li.A.<,,of thi.' Hi>ya] 01>*(Tvi4t*jfy, OrHiiiwich ,. ,, ,. 41" 

HnjK^rt tin thft Calniljai]<>rni of llolghtA from Lkot. W>tboh*h Obur- 
Vfttifiiin ma^lp on ihn WhtD? Kile. Bj Hn/HAuit Stracean, Mcli> 
nrolDgioit Officer 421 

MpCiximii^cical ObscrmtJcm* taktiTj *-v the Wliit^ Nil*', bolwwn 
KiiMtuca aud Kiiptf, 1^74- By LitmE. Watho:', n.>. . > , . 4^( 
18. — Nolo on Liout GbAVDv'U Map of hu Jounjc}' from Au'biiE to Sun 
!^v«doi Emd tho Congo. B/ W. J. T^AKtn, Asutant M»p- 
CurtLior «.<!,» •. » ,. 428 

Ifj.— r)j] tJif] RJvftr Qnaiiui. By OnL Au^XAiEuniwiiN 42.4 

20.— b'ot« to accampftny ft 8urT*Y of tin WhJto Nile, ffcna Ludo to 

UyiiiQjuii£D. By Od.O. O. GunnoN, n.i^ c^v. 431 

l»n ^ „.. ^ ..„„„«„ 13a 



ILLUSXEATIOSS. 



1. Watw •. ,. „ rceknd 

*!Gft4»r |VbtflH.i Xjau» 

>.l^ " " "iBoutO ntoD£ WciiterQ sido dUlo., 

4, NArmn North FniniJer of T^jniiii .. 

n. MiH/kiRV ,. „ Soul b- West Chill* 

e- Elm- Sl.upli ValUy 

7, Ahphfuok .. ., Ikii^Kii Nurili Am^riom BimmWy 

*. Bii>c-WrrHER ., „ Vtllwy of tJioTjbaay 

». >inAW SoaUm Tmrldtua 

IOp Welu Intiiriirt nf RiuKJl .. 

IK GlL«H ., „ 

13. Naciilihai, 
KxiohtS 



ff>/^ T 
. 11 



Houlif A^roju WpHt AuulraLtA .. ,. 
Pcruk and t'fiUD£circ .. •■ •> •• 

LnkcCliadnnii nulghknidngEcAJont.. 



.. Part of Kit^vr Delta >, .< •, .. 

tij. WAT^rrh WhiTeyi]f^bblowIA^do 

la, GnANni „ ., ,. ArnbrijL 10 Sail ^vMor aadCougO .. 

17. Au:XAM)B«MOM .. rJp^QuaiiEfl „ ., 

l& QonDoK , WhLtD NUe^from Lnrdij toNyuniyiinfpi 



1876. 



REPORT OF THE COUNCa. 

RSAD AT THE ANXnTKSABT MfiBTINQ ON THE 225I> BlAt* 

The Coun*?il be^ to submit to th© FelloWB ihe following 11 

t(f UiH tuvuK-iLil and j^eu^ml progress of tlm Kuciety for thti 

pvt y«r:— 

Xr«ni£«r£. — During thi? yenr ending April SOlU 2(TC Onliuai^- 
Uembera kave beeu elected, of whom 24 paid thoir Lifc- 
coiisp08ilicm& In tho pn^vious yoar (1S74-5) tho omnbcrs 
were 2H; and In tbe y^r 1873-4, 342. 

Tho losaea by <3ear.h hnvty Inmn 70, auri by rexi^ation and 
d«btUt oT sabacnptioQ 47, luAkiiig tbe net tacreaao H!f- In 
1874-5 tlic not increase ivne 2t}ii ; in 1878-4, 177; wad in 
1872-% i4(X Two Honorary CorrcsponHintr MoiobfitB havo 
h^n elected during the year, and 5 lo^t by death. Tlnf total 
ntimberof Otdinary Fellows on tbe Lip^t »t tbe eiidof Apii! win^ 
SJ2&. cf whom 6115 wen Life Membom 

FfiMtr»Mt, — M will be e^n by tbe B<Janc9-ehe6t given at tbe 
end of tbis Report, the total net inromi? for tbp Jlminrial year 
(emding December 3Isl, 1875) hu been 7J)34f. 15*. lOd, of 
whicli G441f. llfl, Goneiated of the subscriptions of Feljowe, Id 
lh« prerioua year (1874) those amounts were: 75I1J, lU, li}dw 



and €42^1 }>,^, respoctivaly; cmd m 137S, Glb2L 49. 4(2, nnd 
5643f. I9A{«J. 

The erp^(.litTire (i^xditHire of inveBlTn<*ntH and Lalanoea) vta 
5C83J. ,4fl/-10ti> In llio precluding year llu- mmniiit uiu* 
fJSJO;;^ 7ft'^rf» a difforo^cc accounted for by tlio tjualkr totnl 
sbo\Cnjnlb^ pras^nt baTaace-sh^el as expended on ExptnUtions, 
nt.yfiQU- 38. W., cfi oonipaml wilb i[l5^;. 13s. lurf.* XUi* 
pb^faTy e^ipeDseA of ftihtiiuistnU.ion, piiblir-Aliniis, lAhr^ry, ^l:, 
TW'ivill be Been in companufi: ih^ prewnt wilU tlj<? |.>iecediup 
X-Wabce-8boet,reiiiaui abont the same, having been 5»J5W, lis, &/, 
V/iii 1873. nnd 5020^, 3*, 4d. m 1874- 

Tlie Ffnanee Commiitt*? of the Conndl iiave, as usual, held 
tbeir Monllily Meetiiiga tLmuK^iout tho yem-, HUijeivisiuf^ tlia 
occoiiuta of the Society, The annool Audit wm h^ld early in 
April, the Audilore beiii^: — On Iho part of tho Council, tho 
Ui^ht lion. Lord Cotteeloe and Sir Charles Nii^holsuu^ Burt. ; 
and on that of the Fellows, IL Jonen Williams, I^(.|.t ThL* 
Cuoucil take tUia D^fiortaaity of expretibiug tlteii curdlul ihaulu, 
m vhich they are sure the Fcllo\n* at Urge will concur, to 
these esprrieneed gentlrmcc, who hntc, tit in so many previous 
years, \villingly given their timt^ aad ahiiitiea lo tliia important 
taelc. 



* tlib anwunt 1i f!iir-]ii»lve of Uw oKpeoditon' on Ivbulf gf tbo Goujed CKth^ 

iHlSrmH whlrh, bi-iut; lotuibujv^L hy Mi Jonivi Voucgi dc<o uot culcr laU' Uuii 

f U* tjurkl Sir Ctoigo HilfrMjr, W-P^ ftn*- of Ihe ABJiMra ■piifiiiilMl on tvhalf 



^^^^^^^^ HfjWTt <ftAe C^mneiL 


^1 


^^rSr^tVUlVT ^tEue ^^ IIi«Birra aqJ IJxnnviiiTtnx or tKo Bodoty Crom ^H 


^H tho Yisir ]6fe to IhiT C]Bt Dec. 1875. 


m 






timth 


Cteh 


1 lUdotfllDI ^^B 




y«tf- 


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mom OH 




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£p t J. 


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lUM 7 9 


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lo^ti 10 a 


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ffiS la 1 


^H XAOOt Ibr ttiD K*<1 AfHokn jgfis 


1D17 fi e 






1^75 9 


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1^14 UMA 7 ft 


-m m 




U» IV 8 


^H En Ifrrft r^Mny of TVTr. 

^B hi. 


1«S? 3142 19 i 


9T9 






3K8S S 1 
3811 8 1 
!»80 19 9 


ifOfi , noea ts i 


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^^B In IKTC LcfiATv of Mr. Al- 


1f(59 9471 11 S 
l>litn »^44!f IV L 


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4Dli 17 


S42!I 3 P 

fl M<^)a S 7 




IMJ . 4TErJ li 'J 


K%AS 2 


H AhU* 7 * 


f Fd 1871 Legnry of .Sjr Uo- 


isea 


40S9 7 9 


13&9 7 


U 3095 to 4 


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iwr 19 


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1TDC 


Stt47 7 10 


^^B In INTS Amrriirit nf Mr 


iMiTr antta R S 


1041 fl 


n 43(»7 4 9 


^^B JitfiiDi Vaauff'ii Gnuit for 


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4'imiA A 9 


lil£J» n 


n itt^a 19 


^^m iLc UirlAKilffUt! CXpu^fj 


ie07 


MOS 7 11 


1020 


9B43 17 4 


^H £ip«d;tio9, f OOOf. 


i«Ga 


St^l 1 


1*47 3 


415a 17 10 




18tifl 


cefli^ IS a 


2X91 


4a(ff 9 8 


^^H Iq ISTl AntooDt erf Mr. 


lino HU1!2 b' 1 


sws e 


aw 10 n 


^^B Jvad VuTiag'* Giiutl hit 


lff7l eGJn 3 7 


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VTES 4 4 


^^B llio LMnntoj^o L>>a^ 


1S72 KH9 7 9 , 1999 4 


e , oe7i IS 2 


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1873 7:€l la iO 2Q15 1 


S ' 6007 la 




lft7l 8TA3 5 ID tS>0 


7^76 2 8 




1K75 71^ 15 10 ; :iim T 

1 1 


e fittffif 4 LO 


^^K f«r«TTmnn'fif AMrT»-^lsl DenoD 


har.mn 


£ «L^ 






Sa,DDl> 


^^^ lanvtaicaUi t1jc> ;— 












9 


^^^^^H lViar1b*lbHtera bolivar 4 pof Cmt. iVbc ntnre *fj^ ^ 
^^^K Steck ^°**^ *' 


a 


^^^^^^f ilitti.1 tnilJAP FVuiiiautu lEikilnny (tuanuiLoc'l infif, i\ 












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■ ftatttiiTp al ttait nfirl In linn J 




To 


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^^^^^^^^H ^W^^BMb>H«» 4Hfr A^^iAM* ilJM >■ *«■ ■ Itb ■■■■ 




tali 


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^.945 3 a 1 

1 



nu 



Royat Gfx^raphieal Sod^. 



PnhluaUon$. — The 45th toIqih^ of tli« '-Jcurnal'was pub- 
lislic<l ID Febnary Uat, Krtti \he greater ftortioc of Urn im- 
presBlon lias jilrpiiJy lieeii ilistribiitetl to IVIlotrH ajiplyin^ for 
tlinir rallies. Volume 19 of llio 'Pru<^(:i*diiigs' hnn iilaij liei-u 
completed^ dud tho conclcdinj; pnrtd eirciJaftd, aint-e the last 
RijpfTTt. 'Diivu uuzuburg of Voliune 20 have oko been is^ucil 
dmiDg the* present Session. 

T^ti'tn^lonfi Aid Etapsditton*^ — nif last of t]\99^ T]x|iedrti«TW 
iiiulerlziki-ij by tbe Society ba^ betju receutly brought Ici rt 
auccaaaful cIds& by tbo return of Liouteaont U&merou to 
Knj^ltmr!, after oooomplislung th« gr^at fdat of tiaveraiLg Equo^ 
IoHaI Al^ica, from Zauxibar to ilie Portii^^uefle pos^e^on^. on 
tliH CciiL&t of Ait^)bi. As slaW tii tht* latd Counrnl Kt^purt, tbu 
title of *' Liviugfllone l^t Coaat Aid l^xpedition." origiually 
given lo tliia undorttikiDg, woe chaoffcd to tbot of "Cmnerou 
Expedition/' oil the fresli atart made by ita diBliu^iiUHed l^tudcr, 
aft^r receiving and seDding lioTne the remninder of Dr. Living- 
Htime'a pnijHirly rtl IjijL In tbe [)n?^nl baUnce-ebceL n HmiiU 
part oiJy apju'ttw of the great expenditure lucurred by the 
Expedition &mc»> leaving Ujiji, and capccially in Ibe purchado 
and equipment of a schoonor at Loandn for tbe purpose of 
•endlDg HAft-ly to ibeir homes the >^7 Zanzibar ne^^roe^ nbo 
aOGompaui«d llieir K^ader acrroas tbe eonlineat. Tlie preat^_-r 
portion tviH tall ioto the accouuta of l*!7(i,the bills having bcca 
presented eiace the eloae of 1875. The Oounoil are unablo at 
pr^u^nt to Kinio tbe eiuict total autouut that \si\\ ha irburgeablo 
in the ni>xl Bnlan™ fibeef, btil aatiinate it ni abont 3000^ 



I 



Librarrj. — The Libmry now cmluins 17,H>1 books (tnd pam- 
]>blcts, of which 765 were added durm;^ the pa^ yc'-ur, 55jt 
^iiKdudifig a1! tbe pamphlets) being donalions, und 214 piir- 
4^bjwi.Mb Bi-aidea tbeae, nnd witbout recktiniug n(;w*pj?pc?re, 
1632 separate parte or nnmbera of perJoibcals Tnvnsnctions, 
B<!portfl, &c, have been received, 23 "h-jle volum»i ond 1-lU 
Suparaie |»artd Lave been obtained, for tbe moat part by gift, 3q 
or towarlFj L'Oinpletion of defi't-live series. 

ill addition tu tie nuinettjus pampliletn and email >vork« piit 
into covers on the ^ociotyV premises. 'A\ voluimM Lave bcicii 
bound and 193 repaired during the pa^l year. 




Hep^ cftMe CouwiL 



IX 



2$, lid, liu bcon cxp«ad6d liy t}i« T^brru-y 
book*, and tlio fiirthor sum of 134/. Of. 

TiiQ IfiUnniw uf llio ilcmiili^ii vf 200L hy IIm? Ute AdmirAl' 

f £bDmrd Unborn^ to U' applied in tlic? piircluuc of booka, liaB^ 

beea «> espom^od, anU t^o fi;llotwtc>r u it lUt of tlio «iK>l« 

uorkfl pmvhasjed wjlli tin? fund: — D'Obeiosy, Voya^ dans 

rAju^ni|[iti ju^j Mii-innlr, D'Krvu.lk, VijjHgn nu Pole Sul. 

DiirBRUT, Vc^agt* do la CoqutJle, Vaii>la>t, VojragB d« hij 

Bonikf BARK&ji-WcDti aud ItfiirrimLor, Uistoiro dc« Ilcsi 

Guuritf, Hot^t '^"O^Aogy and Uctauy of tho Voyngo of thu 

JBr^nts o&il 7VfTOj'. Fjtkjiov, Zoolopy of the Voyagf* of tbo 

Tteaflf, RiriiAKtiw.mj K^mna ICon^alf-Amrrririuia, LjhtHiiinKr 

Vi>y«gc do L'AiaUic P^ti^. JiAK.MLi, Duoubius PannoiLico* 

diymcmt 11u3Uioli>t, Voyego aiuc Ifigioi^s ^niuoxidofl, l'i:ruiY, 

Expoditioii lo CbiuA ^Soa?, iiintiEUT, Xxe Japon jlliislr^ 

B^nricPlx, Ncavell^ djooUTcrte and Noavenu Vo)'ag9 daD«i 

rAi&«.^rii|iLr*. atii) Wilkinmjn. ToiMjifnipliy of Theliea; id &!!» 

^^fi7 \oluiitts (mcludkj,' 13 folio Atiasta uf coloured plal**), 

^^fe Apart from Ibeao nvika, aiuoii;; tho mote ii&]>ortaQt accea- 

^^■tBHUj^; — 10 bound volumes of pamphJtta and Parliamentary 

^^H^^BKroLaliu;; lo the «earcb for Sir John Fruiiklin (pr«- 

aeat^ by John UariMw, Kiq>); NarrAtivea of tlw Voyaj^ <jf 

Cie^ d« Leou. Pitdiahita, liarate, Ooumrs, 'l'or<iucmadii, 

OviGdo, Utrrera. CalcKa de JJacu^ FTeaior, Aooelfi, lOid Uorioe, 

with otber ralaabla vorks ou Qocieat Peruvian t*eo;^'apLy aad 

higioiy (preaenied by C- U. Harkhnn), Ksq.) ; a coll^otioa of Id 

mUiMa geu^mpbii^ ^»n^k?^ (ppi'iH-atetl bj (icueiul Sir W- 

U>dni]j];toD); Juui aud UHoa'a iielacton del Wage a U 

AiDeri(!a mi*rJdioiLa1, and 6 voJii. of Kumou do la Sa^^ra'd 

^ Jlistoria de lu Wa de Cuba (proit-nUKl by J. P. Gaflaioi, Jisq-, 

^^ftjuun); lU'purU ou ib^ Rev^eiiue^ Topof;rttjdiiL<al ami Ari'-ba^u- 

™1oguad Siiney* at ladia, wIlU 4 Muuimla ijT MadiAiA distriLla 

(prOMDtfid by U^. Secrflary of State tor India] ; Korj dt^ .St. 

ViBCont'i Expedition SuioTjtifiquo do Mor^o; GhorUe ^'oya^'^ 

IHttoreaquo uuloardu Hobdt>; Sebtieio/uithH Ariea Afrlcana.-; 

Urn Cliiua Port CitalojpJi^ 1805*72; WilkinaoD'e Ancirut 

Kgy|>tiaiu; Demarcociou pulitic^i drl IViti (pn^eitted by (ho 

Preeident o( tlio Hepublii?); Calmicba'ci Coruuica de ^y. 

Auf*iutin cm el Pcm; tliu trurolei of MocoriuB aad Evli^a 




KftTriili, auil nil other work* of g<if»griipliicA] int^ri^t lesaed by 
tb<! Orient nl TrinsWiun FiiinI; ihc iromplotion of li&rtot and 
Cliri&ly'a Iteliquior Acjuilatiifoe, »nd !lic comirteucoaicata of 
XirtimonrJi's Pom oDd IWlus's UiSogmpbic nnivcrsolio (pla- 
ited \ry the Authors) ; &nd t]i« volnrnfui hich^rto wantisj; to 
cornpletfl liifl Library serisM nf the Jonmal AHiatiqiiP, Tour 
dn Mimii^, Rcviiti Meritime ct ColivnUlo, JWr ^l^Ki IfphiKT- 
Kn'ft Bcitroi^ zur KeuutiLiss d^i Jiii&fiuchcD Iteiches^ Erm&u's 
ArchivTon Itiiseland, aad of tho publicatioUEOftho Ethnological 
and llaklnyt SocJetteii, A complete mt of tbo Addre«eoa of 
PriesiddTJtK of tlio Royal GoogmpLirttl ^l(lr-^f>iy, JiTid si ilnplWlQ 
0ctri«3 of iho JourDDli^, Proceediugs. and otbfi publications 
of tbc t^Oficty, have bccu obtnincd for Library use. 

IQl pholu^niphic vi^'W« gf Spitsbergen buY^ aUo bc«n pie- 

aeuted to the Library by Count Wili^zek; 25 photo^p^ of 

l-TariouB pirta of the Territories, by J)r- F. V- Haydeii; and 

ttiod^ln of tbo Aztec Sflcriftcial And Cal^nclftr atoDe^ by C. Q* 

AVallrotb. Keq. 

Tho above additions and tho entire r^arran^^ment of the 
Librflry bavo reod^rfM^ tb« erection [>f two further preseeB 
iii.'i.^eH*4iry ; »ud the [^urt- ty gengraphical ]UjrL of tb<' Library h&s 
Ip<u i^preMmarked, Mmilur work being now in hand ha to the 
romainin;; porlion, inidf? tho su^iorintondeni'o of tho Libraiy 
Corooiitt^ of Council, whioh has held tta usual m^ttufrs. 

The period of rt^tainiiig ret^etitly-ncquired ffconlH Ijefore lending 
1() FftUoWM bB« been, fiiuiiis tliu last liepoit of <Joijm:ii, redm^ 
from twelvfi to »ix montika. 

The Library contlnttos to be muoh conBultGd by Felloes 
ot tbti &>cjoly, private Btudent^ aiilhors, and otlloers of tlie 
public dejiartitit-nrs ; and it is exj^ectud tikat the nninbera of 
sncU vinitorfi will he n]fitoiially augmented, vlieu ita mpidly 
increaonif vuluo for general fidoncc as well as puro geography 
bcooinee better known. 

Jlfa^Bowii.— Slnee the last AurLivereary. 1 Globe, 578 JUpa 
on 1491 Sheets, Id Atlajtea r^oiit|iriKtng f/i4 Map8, 81 Rolie^ 
Map:* uud 3Iodds. and 8 Pliutographa and Portraits, liavo 
beT?D (idded to the CoUecliou; of whioh ll>7 Siicets of Mapa 
ond 3 Atlases, and tlie UelieMffnps and Modets, have been 
aotjuired by purt^hase ; S Diagrams have also been constructed. 







•7 Vkiathil Illustmtkmit abliiuHHl, fvr Uw Evt-iiiiig 

Th6 mora inii>oTluut acoofiaiooA arc:-^] Terrcfltrittl Utobo, 

IdoIws dkmeior; proaonUMi tlirou{>h Aflmiml K. Ottiiiiiumo^j 

y the fiir Junes C. Row )[«monjil CDt^iDkiLian. 7M Sha-tt of 

Ordnanca Burri^ya of Gniat Britnm nnd livliuid^ im vuvbiiK 

led : i^re^'Dted by the Fuvt CommMuoucr <>f Work^ Uirougl] 

ir Henry Jamei luid Major-Geu. Camorcu. 1*^ Briliih A<1- 

mltj Cbans ; prosented by Urn Lcmli ComtnUdoD^n of thu 

inirRityt ihjrongU OapL F, J. O, Kv^uis Hyilm^'miiluT. 

87 8he«4a of llio larioiut India Siin'uy»; prrwiii(<xl Uy- U.^t, 

ccKlAfy of Btfhtc for India, througli tbo lz\dia Uffil^^ 80 

r4Mieh AdminUty Oharte; pro»ontocl by tljc IV^|>6t dos LjlHci 

Plus do la Marino. M»p« aod PkiotOf^npltj^ wsin^d by the 

IJ.SL <i«>]cig:inJ luid Gec><pii[>1jim1 SSurvey of tbe Terrilork's; 

9in%ei by PxDfesaor F, V. liavdou. Direoton Maps of, 

ulc^aod Hocoimaiamices Doade hj Ufllcors of th- Egyplian 

tuff EipoditioD ; pr?«entod bf iieiayntl Stone, Chief ^tnjr» 

g^ptiiin Army; abo eeTfral duplicAto rnpiea, piosentcd liy 

H-il-n. iln! Pniir^t of Wflles. M?i iiinps fxeoutwi by Ofllcfre 

of Col. fionJon'fi Cxpcditiou to tli« Upjxrr NiJe; pre^ent^ by 

GuL tiordoa. i tl-liccU of tho Swedish Geological Surroy: 

presented by Otto TotpII, Hir^ctor, 73 Sti^^els cf Special Map 

of tiio Aiiiitro*Hu[ignrijm Afoiiai-cliy, wui** ---^^-i^ ; pardiiiKc*d» 

AUu of Work* oM^'ULctL by tLo Euro^Mdui Commipt^tm of i\its 

Danube^ 2nd volume: prcdcntcd by tbe Fotoign Ol^co. 

H a n dl k o's Map of EnrcptviTi Titrkoy, on 20 Ir'hc'ole; prosontod 

by CarlFlcniBiiiig'fpubliiilufr. 21 A!api?of Kiimpc^n Ooun tries ; 

pnv^ntftl by T^iin] Arthur Uils»*-1I. Rjtilwriy Mnp itf Bwi^eD, 

NoriTAy, and Pen mirk, 1^75, on 6 Sheeta; pnrchoBcd. (jio- 

togicuL ilflp of AiiKtni-Hiingiiriftn Mcmorcby ; pnrchitseil, 

^[aps of tbo City and Environ* of MiJan; proscmtod by 

\ntoato Vallardi, piib}i»b^r, Statutioal Atlaeof UnltBd States ■ 

presented by Prof. F. A. VVjilUer, Su|K<riutendent uf iHli ceiiAiu. 

Map *A British Guiana; presented by K,K the Cravcmor. 

t>hoctsof s XopogmpbiC'al Atlas of tbo United States Wc«t of 

e 100th mcndiari : preaeuted by Lieut. J. M. Wheeler^ U>ts 

y. 13 Usps ofPortionaof United StatPsTerritoriss; pre- 

tfiti by Spetit*T Ciirley, Esq. Parts 21 to ^ of Stieltrs 

ilttjf of 31odt'ru Gir!Ogni|jhy, and Parts 12 and 13 of Sptu&t.-rB 




211 



Royal G^o^rMpfiical Svci^t^. 



Atlm of Medieval (loogmphy ; presented by Justus Pfrthe^ 
jmUmlier PZiiltps' Haudy Geneml Atlas of tlid WorM, oivd 
Alhw of iLii Conntiea ijf EnglftU'l ; prE^seulj?d hy Mt»i™, Pliilip 
and Son, pubEiaLer«. Ileproduction of GVIegtiiil aud Terrestrial 
Globcfi by Meioiitor» 1541-5 J, in goroa; prcacnW by iJuron 
JSolvj-ns BpTginn Minifit<*r. Topoj^rtLphicaJ ami KutiBUcal 
Atla9 of BiigeleD PrruiiHi>-ticy, Juta; purcbfu^d, ^fnps of 
KbiizielftD, 8ontli-Wc!tipni Arabtn, and TriiDs-Kei&ii Trrntory, 
Capo Colony; presented by Q»artcnnafit^r-OenerQ.r« Drput- 
mcnt, Eorsc Guards. Mnp of Natal, 1S75; prpttcntcd b^ 
Dr. 8atLerlflnd. Map of jirinkittod Trftdc-rontcH belw^n India 
and Olima; jirefl'nlrd by J, Ogiivy Hhv, ^Em\. Hup iif Un» 
OrtoB OouDtiy, Mongolio. and MS, roule-inap bet^vecn Bhamo 
and J^lun^mau; presented by Ney Eliaa, Eaq. MS. map 
Aud 8dctif>u of routo across Afrion from Zanzibar to lien^cla. 
by Lifiit. Cameron, \i.s, Stanl<»y's MS. Map of the Viotoria 
Nyan/a; pi^eHenleil by Flwin Arnold, Ewj. Travf-r&e Sur\'<?y 
of tbc While Nili^ fiuin Kbaitouiu to Iligalt MiS. ; pj-C'?^iiteil by 
Liont WatTOD, e.b. MS. map of route from Cliampion Bay 
lo Overland Tob^praph-Une, Australia; presented by Jelitt 
FciTest, Esfj, Geological 31aps of Aupttralia and parts of 
Victoria, iastied by the Mining DeparFini^nt,, MelbonivB; pre- 
Aonted by Jess Young. Esq, Map of llic' City of Kio Ui' .Inneiro; 
ptirchaacd. Flioto;^"^^!''^ *^^ ^^^ Town of Zanzibar: juvfttrnlrd 
by Arthur I^mp, Esq. 30 Geof^plueal Models tiiid E1^Iit'^ 
selected from Foris Exbibttion ]S7r*; purchased. 



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BBR UAieSTT THE gUEB». 
mS DOTAL HICRI51SSTMK P1[I>CK OW W*Lft^ K.fj\ K.T., K-P^ 0^,1!. 

HfS ROVAL UKtUMESS TUC DUKK Q/ LDJNUUKOB, ILQ., K.T^ aOH.^ Cic;. 

COUNCIL. 

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Bjim AaLo, t0\» ?.JtJS. 
HBODnlK, Kan. 1^ C. 
BtTXTon, 3^T. PovclJ, lUit. 
Cavppeu^ Sir fintfs K.aSJ, a.P, 
Ellb, ail Bum, K.CSJ, 

GOtOMO. II»j0.-«f»< Sir F, J« K^Cfl J* 



GiusT, LiiiiL-CaL Jtf. A., C.a, CSA 

Kile, VLn-Adminl T^Er W. tl.» KjCtt. ~ 

RtCBAniHi. Admlml G. IL, CJL. t^Ji-^i 
l^iaov, €f nsnl C. P, 

Vkknr/, -Sir lUny C^ tinrt. 
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HONOR-^RY AND UONORARY CORRESPOXDIXG MEMBERS- 
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H-U. Victor Ecbinitnud U,iKin^ LiflL^lj-. 
KkHt Deid LuLt J. I klini; uf foi^tigtiL 
K.M. \jrapD\A []., King n| tIii h-igr.-ut*. 

of tbe Jmp- tingr. Sffx^ ol' ?Sk I'cttnbiirg. 



I( M. LKrnr if., King uf Sw«d«i anj 



HOSORART CORBBSI'ONDIITO. 



Aajcii. f>]. Wm. UrnaAiru. j?Ih I^Ccjiiuiy 
AumLDA, I>r. Cn&rjtdo Moiiodci 

KAfiltH, Dr. Adoljtb ., .. Brvnifln 

Bt»n«ni(i. Frof. K*lnriph ,. h. iWrlin 
BuuiKurnn. I>r. }ltni«aD, bubion A^rn 
CmaO, f juf' r*ul ., ,. (jcocva 

COBLLOp I>eQ KnuidiGd ., .. Mudr&il 
COfu, SJgi4r CuUa, 17 Vm PforiJenia, 

TUTlll 

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Paha, l^foiVK Jtnm Dw, Kcv lUvcu. 

Oouwoticut 
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FAlunuibb, Gfiiidnl L Fi«ei» 

FohCiiiiAicucTr. IViF. V.Vf. .. .. hE«L 
KKi-.itAiiT. (i«nv«l .- .- N*w Terk 

tj^cjuuiii, Krtif. CiviiLinr Euiiw H^ 

flPTOT, Picf.u*!),, PrlaaPt«i, Ktvjfivr 

Hrutvonx, CItn. r. ron. M. t'ountnn-f 
HoOHfiimMi, Dr. Fthl^miiil tw. I^iik 

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Enimtor, r. 11. N Fiiri« 

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NKilitl. rSrvnhcr lYIM^forc. I'onlwltRui 

rirtiit^Mxiill i*Wf|ji.Si>. 11. P.S«TorlDa 

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pACklK), llji Ktcdirim; Doa Miiuuil i^Pjn. 

Krpubljd of t'ciui ,. *. » Li4at4 
PcTi!iul4!rw, Dr. Augu*tua .. .. (ImIib 
pHitiPPI, l>r. lEudulfD AmuiLtlo .. Cb^ri 
Puti:n, HIa EEcvlLnirjr Cdlhi. 
TLAiH<j:iiit, [im AdIoqIu .. .. „ Uma 
llECJtnioriui, iVtrua voa, i T^o^ buliu 

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^iiijnnm, l>i, Karl mt. 

Solham, Don HHilnmi Fvtl|ie I'm Upu 

Wiit^r SrkJitlAiU .1 •< .. VlflCkB* 
Stu:ic. Gqh. *\ M. f,. CliLM af IhtOvml 

Miijr. blevjjtliiit Anriy.^ ,. OftlrO 

frriti'^fc. Prof, UiTo, .. SL t> ia rtf m >t 
ToKinATciEtr. M. Ymtti iu 1 PJii;syi 

df flk ZbJLTe ..FloTfu* 

Tflci'iiin, UnrT.T, Tffli .. ., VJa^M 
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lUofv, W. F. ^<w1.tE. UnJ. Om/ml^ Out, S. W, 

to A«liiiii5. J. btrtdo Annual]. F*i, Mavnt Pftl. CmWrftury, ffnifi /Mfoiff, C<« 

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10 AM, DiTid ALM, Baq. S. AtUtf-gW^FU, IT.; oMt 7, nghftttwi, 
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AO Al]na» Thm. h, E«]. 4*1, ^f^^f^nffl-^iflr^rwirf, ,V, W. 
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AjictiBLVii, Tliucdu H., E»E| , J.r. 4. CWmWflfv^tav f^yoi'^pjr*. If. W. 

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r^iMi, KM. 

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Arbitthnot, G<«T^, tv\. ^\ U^fdf^rt^^aFOmt, W, 

AfdIUU, Wm. Prtdk. A., L.^. S, Jinn4«-rva.f, /Wmv, AVI- 
Arriiq-h, C<pi. John I-., TCB. JtMbr (;w*J Vrrfdtf Chb, CAar/M^lffWtf, ^ IT 
■Ardffl, rE(chu^ Baiif»rd, Eiq, £^f /TiiribWr^^k^VW, ihtf^t^AonutW. 

AjuHlnniL:. i*ii Alf»ndrr. K.Ch«-» L.i^u, r.iiJi,, DlncluT^^flunl of tb« Sht^ 
Ufdio] D»^ timiiiL. MbnraJtjft Sunumt'hiiiite. W,C, ; and lanivr UmiUd 

Ani4U, &lwIo, &qo CAT. 'Pait^ T'fl^ftfrv^^' (JjffM, U^t^tntt, E.C^ 

AniBlLv Ttw* IL, C44. 3#A, JT-V It^^fAm-irir iW, f..C. 

AnnBinmb, H.^ 1^* i^knTTimint lTiip4Utr of ITiP*, CAJCfrn^ I'k^CDna, 

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'Ai^Bii. Jolin P'l);* E*L„ VA^A, ^irfiCeJ-^j/octf. itfor ^ffHiKMiti. 

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■BboIe, Adminl Kir Gm,, t>tC.i.„r,aji. 10», tf/ALUvjffr-p'ncf./Winuiifi-tg, IT- 
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titilflj, SfAfT CnnmnEii]*!- l-. C- , ft,fl. Ihjtoffrajthtcal Drpnttmrtit, Aikatm. 

Bolna, W. MvUmrr. F^, Itt^t-^i, I'uri. 

Baker, Cftptub lUberl Bv €riml*ti ChfA. iTaMiw^fKiirtf, IT^ 
B*kar,Sir Aan. WliiU, Tuhn. f.e.il Sai^forrf f*d#vjA, nr-. rfun/nn ^6M, f^fV^iiv! 
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Bi»U;, Hugh n,, P^. JfcF>aWu, ^'w^Tant Ena, 

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lUfblP, Thomu ^UrlJn;^, l^. Ay M.*nai>)rt'h^ti^e-pi*ica, £mC, 
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BfTib, Wlllitm, £«), X-i^ BtiUm^Bt^n^ Svifh Kfrminjlm, & IT, 

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ISO BidLfl, Ca, Lkjp, ii.if., Ac, ^rui/j v/ jl^fi, Jk', B. 

Bidwril. Charlfifc Toll, K«i- tf.M, €^Wul. Ftatunttc Iwlwli. Cat* qf K^ 

Bies^ rrtduliA W., £*|. ^^',^4^m■AvMt, K^nm, 

Bias J», E«f|,r VL.M. 1^ rAwiofl^/^c,^ ^'natfij/ftmrAfT. 

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i6o B^nb» JflJj» WJlltiin, Er^, ft>, A'ow Itnmt^trvet, SX,; and U7, 

■n^rolUI. CtpiB^h B. H. H. Juwr C^U'm f^, £. 14'. 
*UlnU KlcluKJ, K*^. tVv'<i'a'^'^»'0p rfiM^im. ^ IT. 
AMirwJ, 0»., E*|., >.Li. F«di'i3fiuei"H,S.Kemif^titu.5.W.;aTiilAoh%t ^ftj 

JiUhfip, i;i«nriir>, Kiq., FhM.aa Unitm C(*A, B.W.J md 1%9 JfAttfOifff, 

R^ir, XnAirm II., E*q. S.*l, *r>j;n^iT<K7nif. Ota^tj*^^ 

Blflitfc, M^.-fim, J»*. H, .^*- JiMiiM"ir-*/*i«, .?,^. 

BLuk, Thvmoa, K*q., SuperioUiulcDb P. uJ 0. Sieun ^'ATi|[ltIob Companj 

BlAjpJaa, Ifobert, Kuj. Ju4JV- Civ/foq C/uA, J'^il'iMitl, A\ W. 

BlU*, Bfl|f,-rim. H. W. J'arA-^t, nrtr B'4Ut,, V*«»M. 

BLalf ADit*. Rnmtrj, C<q. IfV'nVAJDri. 5^ n: 
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Blaimt^, OpWn W. A. F. 

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*lMui]wni CW <Ib !■ Bmr*. £*|- Aof/ifriAu, llftffmtJ, 

Boilwu.rvitoiinKi, W, i^UmpAifUhitil, Vriimffitfitijn. 
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•fWrf. IT. 

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nnl-jlVni, S.W. 

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'tioinr, DiivHn, C*i. ^f&nmt Bttttm. Cu. CitWipu, Irthtnd. 
•BalflhflffcftlUftcJul^ E*{,. M..I. 174, ^^mpfofi-'Oad,^, IV, 

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liijit, iJr. 11^ iinnliinit-piirii, JkU^l'ift, 

Bbjrr, i^br^ I-hpJpi. Paj. \ irirunCff-iravntf, MaiU-fniit, W. 
Bo^l^a KlrhiiH ^'i^irvi K».q., c^,i-, lltfinvr in CH*f l4 iho Covorannt 
JtHili^yi xt\\\ T«l>^-Ei|fU, Jtijjim. Cua-a aj Mem»^ OrinJkxjf aid Oa^ 

•BinUiliBW, Sui J -Mjijot A. F. A^nif, /ci^Jj'-i. 
f^MthViaito. iMiV. Ciq. 'J', Avitin Frion, K.C. 

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Cftrt of Jfnri; B!f,t\ !:'»). t :>'<i» Wf*;v^i(/-*r(, W, 
BjhihIqi. CDi^Lam ^pjUudil »., 2l(b FwE. 
BnuJiBr l^*'' U, r,tj, Ifirt^tOf of ForowU. Citimtla. Ca-* ff/ W. if. JfliHS' 

Broiulon, Chrlil, Pluj,. ■_*<, K^f/xft^'Uftiftrp, W. 

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!VUjc(r.Ciif>b)lQ W, Ujllpn. a.!r. Army and Samf OiA, &W1 
*afkrlji Oinuia W^ tjiq. I'll. J^«;i^Mr-47iU]V. XIF. 

firtthB, ]Uu7 Arkhor, [£*4. ^/^M Siysit^ Aii, littr^. 

Bright, JMUdp K«|., X-t. L?. 'HWAiv£M'«7iwr'« O^rmAm. 

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BuftDEi, WiUMoi Samuel, E>q. SM\-9iUa, Jtt^mt's-parA, S.W. 

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Builwlt. I>T. ^ W« kJ^ /'^'Fi^to^, U';V»''^ A'mT. 

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Batln.CUrls, Etq, 3, Conikawjht-pt.>(!ff. ffyd^fark. W. 

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im.^ fo,. St. PtU^t-^nmtrra. CbrnMn. !:.€, 
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CvajibvlL, C It.. Biq. tO XV^Jun-j'fa^v, ^.W. 
■C«Bpbfli]l» Jamn, }<^.. jan^ OtofJiy Priory, VhinKtrttr. 

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CWIfT» C^iUlu TtiQifiv Tuppn, KhU^ C^rt Df Matrix H, 3, KAfj iwi Co., 

OuUr, ThMdflThUt^, ID, f74n«wp-fi>w', ifj«-^v<«, 5^il 

•CtfFfr, hrr AtfrM J., D.n., hijuur nf F>itlwidi Callagr. Ihiltoiok^tf.K 



xxxii 



I^iiU c/ SeHtnc* of ifa 



JH&7 

1»*4 

11^3 
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1970 
!8«l 

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C*n, Blghl Hon. Atqihn, M.f, 33, fTT^Jm^/Atf. A W. 

*Cha1mK,C>pt EL-flmld ;fiOlJ] Kainl lEiHn). /"uhrw, JF^tft MOa 
OlMnipntj, C3w, C, Km^. BrwC ibid; JFalifam. 
ChipiiUD, C«pE. t. I',, M.t. ^mrV>J^lf<. tl'iWi/inrun, 5,W. 

C^i*<ll<, WiLtor a, k>^., ■LA.tH-l^. Cub. 9, S^t-park^}M1t OmAvUa^ 

ffau, ir, 

'nhlmim^ C^pUliL William^ fev. H'urfr/nuiv, L^VymfflfM. 
•fhnlfoUfj lUrrj Wnttflr, Ki«|r /ZmfMont, nmr Tort, 
Ghfliiii, T. Bfcilli. K*q,, ii,i*, &;,.!/. 

Cb^rvhillt LarO Alfi-1 Sp«DTVp IG, ^u^/amf-Jdltf, ^. tT. 

ClHpiw. blvutl. bq., K.Ik. &V. ^L I^hmHitf*»TfiVFr, Att^Arvr^t. ff Jl 



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JShj/at Omf^rapMcat SoA^, 



Out, J^hn <?jldkrfpt t^. J^WkJivi, r>amfrim, I>mfHt*tMM. 

Glut, Krr. W. (*#«.» U.K. THiMry fTfif^/. C^imM^tf', 
Cl«k-, Anhlbnld If;,, 1^, Stvih-UU. ^^in^/nfart. /)rf^. 

.^. Oiotflt W^ Knq. <4, Laiftrrokt-grvw. W. 

^HlsM *Cl^ham, Hugh, lj^„ vn. .^mnVAy, St. Jni^fif'f. 

^^HttL Q*ibBni, Jdm, Caq,, ii,s,>,. w.a.i., L^^ ^i /i'fir/f»i;-^'inirm>. ^.Tl^ 

Caiflbnl. Sir CbuN. /fnrAl*toft-W^ Ctnue*. StAfarM-irf. 
CUnlotH JjJiJ li'lvrnrd. -I#w;j i"n/ ,Vaf^ <^ii&, S. W. 

CSwiA, C«p1. PftidciKii (QOth ftcj^iarDt). St, Mt^'t ffameJuM^ CAitfAait. 
C3«*t«. GHrgr, Kiq. Jr*he~itrt€t. Siai^fof^,*:r*tt, S.K.; GWiV'^*Hi 
SLir. ; dud Ai^^on^ -S\*rn-y. 



xxxIt Lid of Fdiovct ^ the 



Cl«v«, WUlivn cables Kni^it, Eiq^ H-l I>ak£'itrttit Slamford-ttratf. 
S.E. t and Sv^iTfli, Sirrey, 

CmriU PUlip Aldxidg*, Ev]. 13, ff. JTari'^^Tiufv, ^inA^^an-rtud, Wat 

W"' Cwte, Jmid«. E»q. 41 Tihl 42, LJit-^frttU IrtWfcr-jjMrt, IT.C.,- CM^ 

1875 ' Cobb, JmL Fnnci^ Etq. TV £raj(f, rorTHgr, UntM. 

185?. Ci>bbo]d,JobBChnbll«r, E«|. .^MflunAavA.^.IT; ai.j//w*al, O/oZt. 

I850l Codin»t Hw-AdoinJ ilv Hm, A^ c.t. Jtwir United Servkm Oub, SAV^ 

1673 I •Cochruft KccuMb, £iq. EbrAaaM, GaJothieis, X. B. 

1B6S , £3o Cock. Edwwl, Eiq. KiMg^^-vH-Thantt. 



1868 
1872 

1BG2 
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187« 
18&8 



1805 
1841 

1878 
1871 
187:5 
18T2 
18A7 
1861 

187ti 

1882 
1885 



1868 
I87G 
1B87 
1841 
1854 

1848 
1876 



*Cocibiini, CftpUiii Judh G^or^^ Gth I'F^nwnt, Itoorr. 

CeckbaTD, J. P^ E*3. 7M ItottAt, Totnct, Stmik Derm^ 

CockcrtOB. Ricbud, Kh|, ConKoJl-^ardaU, SimtA JTafu^ton, 5. fT. 
*Coddt. CaptuB GMTgr. 9, ^o^toit^niffw, Sm^A ffivu^'AB, & IT 
*CoAi, Al£ Hnngf, Eiq. 5, Badtvjr-plact, Gltmcattr-tqaoFVw IT. 

Cocki, ColflDFl C. LjgoD (Coldstrtam Gnudi). JWrg / ftyHljoa, XtilMT^^ 
ComtBtiH. 

Coda, Hijor OcUriiu York*. 86, ParJMirat, Gronemor-tqaare, W, 
*Cocbi, R^Eiuld Thktldbinfl^, E>q. 43, C^rvg-crDa, S, W, ; ontf 

28, Stankopt-gardtas, Stnith Kmtinijtonj S. W. 
•Cocb, TTioii. 3. Vemoo, Eiq. 43, Ciario^-crctf, 5. H'. 
«jo*Ca:faboU, Artbor, £«|., v-A. Tfcm (^fcjf. 

Codringhn, GcnAid Sir WjLUud, acn. IID, Eatvi^-tqmrt, 8,W. 
•Coe,n(T, C. C. Bi^hfirtd^ BoUon-it-Moart. 

Coghlu> Edwurd, E»]. TVarnii^r-vvtthiJicH, (^roif^f-iiw-fiiat^ W.C. 

Coghlu, J-, &VI-. Engr.-LU^Thicf to the Gorerament. B^enoa A\fm. Gw of 

*Co^Ihi, Nat. Ucat, Ju, £., LV. Car€ of S^drttynphic-ofice, JdmiraU^ 
S.W. 
Ci^Ut LitQt^^en. ^ WilliuD M^ r.CB^ R.^ ^om^o^, £nJ, 
Colcboter, Rtghiild ChiirlH &lvArd, Lord. 68, Enlon'piact, S.W. 
1875 ' Col0, r:«c>. Rulpb Fttz-Roj, Esq. Cun^m Aanc'tfnanrntn, Watmintter, S^W.f 

Wandsnr/j and &mtk American Ctub9, 8. W. 
Cots, Wmiim H„ Esq. 84, Porthnd-pliKe, W, 
640 Cok, Wm. Hammond, Eiq. Great Plwratcad, nfor Nonti^ Norfolk, 
CoUbrook, Johu, E*q, 1 , WaUcn^^iacn, C^eiaea, 8. W, 
■CDl«b»ok«, S[r TbDmu Edvard, Bart, f ^A A 37, Smth-Bt.t Park^ane, W. 
Coimaaa, Evarud lloaw. Esq., r.ti^Ji. RtgUtry and Maovrd OJiea^ 

82, Datinghall-ttrtet, E.C. 
Colft, Charlo, Eiq. 86, Great Totoer-wlrtet, E.G. 
CpIo, Jam«*, Eiq, 36, Makern^rtMdt Beaton'Mit iMdh 




Hvy^i O§ograpkhal Sixuiy 



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■CoUttl, VfiWiMta HivlriVnl, Eiq, T^Jr/flA Ci"h, 3. W. 
CbllLnpiOHl, Livdt. W* /i«M«si^, ^, (P: 
CsfUn-oii. Jvhti, £*!-, cje. ST, JVn:AAlv<-Aavniv» U^ShpwK ^- 

Cuiquliguji, £lr FuCf k^ M. ^ ^H^ U^v, 2, Ku^g'*^fnc^^*M, Tfiipt*^ EjC. 
CoMHh WiJIItin H., ^.<*4urj. H.M. J&i AmjX 

CoItIii, C^u^d W, 3,, Dajitl Futllirrs. 
Cmrth^ IJBiil, ft. A. 
Onnlir, Cbloud A. K. (DrpXIuamJ, of AtwiD. G«4)[>uk>, CanafUsmrK 
in«d/W(f rM<f do., 4i, C^^ii^cniaii, £ IT, 
4A0 Cboimatill, Adndrtl Sir J- 1^.^ Vfi„ n.CB^ Mvrhtv^ M u nto^, Bmiu 
OmjAliin. ?kliirr|iiijii]ii. ic, ^ih it O^-Aj/. P<irU, 

Onnptfi^ Oku. IL, E*q. CJr* qf A X dn(V«*'. '^•i <V'lhba(lpi-ouf^i^ 
CoaL<Dif C«. NuK<ai^ C*l- Hf^J^^vH^ SfiitattiMra, Co. £*Ulfi%. 

Cdckfi, liest.-Cul^ 3i, C- n.x. £cnrjw/ij. 
*C««HE>Vr^Eiii^ A.n.i,, r.X$^w.uji.,T^jt.,Tji.^,, Ace^, Ball. /rt. \'«<l, 

Am 

C««k«, Kalluilvl. Cftj. ^, laJhn>\t*ierr<tci, jTatting-Kia. II'. 

Conks Cftpt. W. ^^ Ij'^nd l'tiKlm«it AthinJivUtj HI, Jamf/t^fj%aff, .<, It'. 
L'mIij, WLllJam l>«bi>rcii|{h, Ui]. 13, Colityt'piocit C-mdm-tPU9j .V. IT. 

cmodk Xiivd. , £iq. nuitijf, msinJn, x. w^. 

Cmpv, Charts Ly E., Ehj. OAvrwrurv-AouH, JCinrjf^im, BrittA, 



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1874 
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Coapir, LicuL-Cal.Ed*mdH.(Onudl«TGaudi). 4^ Porimiak-aqman^ W. 
CoopflTp Lieat.-CoL Joifaua H. (7th Pnmllfltt). Dioiitodoit MvHiitgar. 
Cooper, Thoi. T,, E^. Cara of Mestrt. B. S. Sing and Oo^ BS^ Conk ill, E.C 
CiHpvr, WilliBiD Whlt«T Etq. 16, Birkilgji-tguar^, W. 
Cootfl, Algflmon C P,, £«!■, if.A. 6, Parh-ttrraoej Ctmbridgt. 
■Coot*, Ku>AdmJral Robert, C.B. " 8/iala,'* ffHUnu, Sovtfiainpton, 
Copitud-Crmford, UvuL^ta. B. F., a.A. Smdtnu-y-lodgef Harrtnu, IfiddUmM 
690 Copltf, Sir JoKpb WiUUm, But. TKiHG^r' OvA, Pall-mall, S.W~ 
Cork nad OiTcty, Eul of. I, OmjToiMfrwf, W. 
Cork, Nttluaid, Eaq. (Trwifwf-AcuH, E^Uton, Sumj/. 
Comer, WlllJim Mwt, Eiq^ " Surrey Tviff/' ffouord^^iu^ WMcUid*f SotUk 

Nvnatod; and lOb, Leadmkail-ttrat, E.C 
Corathinit«, Rer. T^ H^. Ibrett, WaitKamttOu. 
Conwell, Jimea, Esq., PH.D. /Wbr«oA, Cmetnt-vctid-nad, SydenAam- 

hiU, SM. 
Cont^OL, Joha F., Esq. 24, iroOnHf-jwrl, W. 
Coty, Fifdmc C^, E>q., h^d. /^prtAnd-rifJa, ^iuUvv(-Ab£f, £^wx/ ontf 

Naatati-fftactj Conmercial-road, E. 
CcaoD.Emilivi Albert dfi.EHi. /uiU^Ao™/ imdifi:fLtarya<i&,i^a'J-f)U/f,5.Tr. 
•Canon, tbe B«iin de, 7K# Cam*ii. JVina'i'ftiai^ iranW*toii^«rA, fl.W.j 
oiuf SB, Bm St. Ihminiqvt, St. Qtrmain, Parit, 
700 Colter, GuilUumt F,, Ekj, 11, Park-crttanU, RegetU't-park, lf,W^ 
•CoiWBj, WtUi^m HdlicUf, E»q, Or/^jnl Bni Cnmiri^* Oiift, 5, W. 
Gotsworth, Wm.f Eiq. flnnfAbbiAHt, Pojburgkthirg, N.Bt 
Cotterill, Rot. G. Z. 5, ArUngton-T/Ulat, BrigMorv. 
Cotl*rill, tt B., Eki^ B.A. 1, ^*Ao^fJdM. £fa»fr«r^*. 
Cottci]», Ri^t Hoiu Lord. 20, Eaton-j^ace. S.W. 
Cottofi, General FttdL, B.E. ^/AAi<nn] auA, PaU-mdH 
Cottrill, Robert AL&ed, E«q. SimfinU-K(t\fM, Stan<a^^, near StaiMt. 
Couch, Right Hcffl. SirBlchud. KnL 48, Linden-gar^mA, BojfBvaUr-road, W. 
Courtoijt J- Irving, Esq. 3, J^JouFdm-Mbfrn^fl, TVinp^, E.C. 
7lo'CoDJtzieTt HvDiy NicboLu, Eiq.^ H^ 2, £if£J« 5t<mAf>pHJrar/, JVaj^/'dir, Wi 
atvi Rational C^uA, Wj^UfU^v^Jfru, 3. W. 
Coringlon, Rev. W., Vicm of SULute'i, Sfvpfifrd'tJntth, 
Coward, Dr. John W. 3. Care of A. B. Hat and Son, 101, S^fuBork- 
Btrvct, S.E. 

CoweH, WEUum, Esq. Boalt^nJi, Lordthip-tanc, Dulwich, 8.E. 
•Cowell, LLent.-CoL Sir J. C. CCB^ a.i. BuckinghaM-palac^t S. W. 

Gov\ej, NonDU, Eiq. 4, Monlagu^taoe, Montaginqvan, W. 

Cowper, Hvnrj Avg. (H.U, Com- Puerto Rico). Can of Matarr* Woodluad 

aad Co., 44, ClturOi^-croa, S.W. 
'Cowper, Sedgwick 5., Eiq., J,P- 3, frcj'nunfJfr<Ati)ii6ffrj, ncJcrtct^Fwi, 

CoioD, Simual Belief, Eiq., f,^.s, UtKorth-hall, Dvr/ian. 



Hoyrt/ GfO^f^icai SccUfy, 



xxxvii 



ifte« 

IBM 
IffTS 



rao*CncrpfU Btnai^^ Eaq., u-a. Trin, Ct^ll. Cunb, Otfani and CTTohrid'je O^ 
Ciui^ l.^iunl, »:^,, ii.n. ?, AUamaftf-rrMft, W, 

Cnvftnl, IbbtriWl^m. £iq, 11. OJJ tfrp^i^ifrMt, Jf.C 

•l><ijk». i^pljfn Kirh*n! Bi^jnt-m, it*. r^vrf*rfl7>eJlrtj;, JFUiy, rAfhhwt. 
CtbW, T. F. IHlkin, £>i, 19. PtfrAunHfiAti*, Arwrijjk^ ^.tH 
CpoU. a, a,, Ciq„ UK- tJf«i'j''f-n-/_/*, Jfn'Aanif^DA, 

■CrtiAt;, T. Rfthnf, Fju]. *:i, fV/Afoirti-rotftf, JfLin£t-Ai//, IT.; 9nd BO, 
*Cnw\ifr, T]h«. IC«]«j, bq^ V.4. Ctjvpw £ArMJ (M«^. CLi/t>nL 

Coaliff*, Uoiw. Et-i. 34, ZMi*ofJ-*lrMr, S.C. t md 10, y^wi'j-^flW, 
£)nifA Km:*kjhf>, S. W. 

jyy Oprlliif . titvu J. Jk, h.fl, 

ConU, A. A, Hn^, £-|,, CC 1^ JffUa Sofa, CtHna. 
*Ci]ntcj^ >liiiLuclLjrt. ^.. r.R^^.A- I'Ufa-f i/inW/tf. i7vnta|r. 



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l-'Mmot-hi, V. i;., K*|. : r, r-Ar*-p-f *. J-ztA, 

'i^(,JHi» I-.. I i |-_ simr-**, rri, H^/wW'Vft-/''''^. ^'ffOWtofwjMa™, TF-; ^^^ 

■ ' '■^' '■. '^'-\ » Iw . r i| |i», iW'rPiAppy-TP^rtivfciw, AH',; aid Oj/jrdMd O"" 

■■■. I.-- o..'., /'.» ,„.,/^_ .,' \\ 

*'^''""1 "JniMiiPHl, (.^,| r... .-, It. /I. t>iinif^-i-t, Etq., 48, St. Jaauf»^ 

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Ihy*ji Gcotfrajihica! Societff. 



:ixxix 



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1060 

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Dvlnhun, WIllrAra, &<[> U, ^r;^umA<v--p£AWt /Wirna'«f*ir«, IF. 

D« Cn-pienj. l.iaELMunt <.\ VLV. Gi'V Y i/'»''- JCi>^ «tJ f>^ 6^, £!»-»- 

De Lton, Dr. MuuuuL 39. A^^f^nJnu, TTtfit flroftprdn, S.K. 

Bfln. IT, 
■Iivan^, bLIitvO llB-rntif], E«q, !>}, Jfan/AnMr^nri, W; 
PvDD^i Tho. Ant^iuuj, Kii|. T, Omtia*-jht't)iwt, W.; end ^«d^viAi/, 

■Dottr* lUniol Mmr7> \'m\ af, r.r;.. tUO., OjO-U 3Sj A. JoMn'M^rird/ 
& W. ; and Kr\eiie»lty~/f'yrk. /Wtntt £a**artHu 

Dv Sdiit Wiu. Fant, fiaq, Daitiryf-oowi, Vt^iJu^, 

Pwnnii. K*r, II. M. K^^. ^t, ficifU^/drt, JV.IT,; uriii Icrtijd ami 

td Vibv, RfT, <teujft. a.A- JV'h;'' tint^, W^J^i'tftmim, Bvta. 
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•DtaUMv, fmm Bmrj' bq, r^4. lit. St dn-v*' 

»joU>U,BfTn«rt,e«|„iirA]fMllip. 3,itafMBiAr<<» V. 

EhlloB, Tin EIou- Arthur, tH, I'id<rt3-rfr*f, », H'. 

LiTrt^ UiviJ. K4M, Kkj, /Tr/Wrn CM» & IT. 
Ill, TfcmiM, l!>i, }0, AjU'fltlUt^ffl, WX\ 
ULuB. JuH|ili, i:*4, nimn/^«lt, Sh^di, 

'DUoD. W. |[t|PirortL, L^,. rjPJ. «. fit. 7^i^i lrr»t*> ft. ^oU'i 
a; IP. 

XfoltQu, ru^Ll Hud. Julin Gvorjtt, k^> «, £>iii4wr^»4ii», MayftUr, IT, 
llonJ), Cakntl Johv, c.H- t'^ray-hvuM, fiam-f-i'-'t, tjtr. 
DvrchBtdr, [JliJIp)' Wm. CLrlvbua. Luril. ^i, ^fXftey-fijiHrr* H'. 

[>jrl>, MjLrqub GJAoonig' Ooioa. Cart of Menr^* K^Mtiidt Cb>w, a*d Oa^ 

«J0 DoujIm. CipiiUk »i| D. t'ft'Jl r, 1, ifujTVffi-imvw, rjVdrLMJiwl, if, IF., 
Dou^bH 1'beut,-0ni«nJ Sir Tflo; Uait, i/ntAhJlT-AuuH, iWrm, Aaw«i1 

ivmlliia, Kilw-M -HmausI, i^^ u, J/i^/<»Bd-i>JJu*rwd, JLtvingtat^W. 
Diwtinjc, iJpm.-Col, JmLMt ilcorj. flornvtW, fmr (jAj4KCdl0r. 
Di^wn, J. H. Luidao, E:*|., h.O. 30, Wd^mk-ttwt^ W^i lad Jf^f 





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Db^ Kr P^vKii HsflnptC, But. CkO mJ umt, S^C. 

D!raimnii]n<], IL A^ K«^, V, Jt^'yiTTHffm-j^n-ir*, IV, 

OuclhHn, J»f>|i H;, K-j,, »jl,, DaJttautMf^ Vi'jtt JorT^t ^oc*j. Um^kHtf 

Dnffi Wu, Pirit, R^Jh C«kntU. Cvt »f iTcwA. T^h Wtlma vnt Cu.. 31. 
ijo'Oaff*ti*,tti^ht a-^i. Fr«Jk^Trfnplii Uiuniltvii'^LukvooJ. Karl *f, KJ>.,0.c.fl'0., 

Ilunao, Johi^ E*!, <^ir« <^ Jf oc-r- JiwCw-Mn 4*1/ &■,, l<, PAffpatUAiit, A'. 

*nuDlap, fe. II. IVillia. Eeq., u.n, Cladlnn Ovil Strrln), IS, JTHi^cirdtoU, 

DUOEV C^pUUt K J, A. J^Wfi^ioi, Y«ur«, »nnn. 

than, Vta., E«ij. VCi J'^Ai^jif^-rfrv^r-iftfAAi} JT.C 

Puiim«i, WTtHUuun T^Dki lAri ftf. CuimAiMcivJ, ^Tdu/s^v/i-ia- TAurua, 

Pupnl, Ti* VtKiinLa. Qmtul-OAi^t^S dg Pvrtmgttl^ IC, A. Jifufg-Aj*, 

S.C. 
IhiAuo, lUmiit], Eiq. Cittf-hottt, liiiln CWrr, near iVr^f. 

DutLk, C*pL Vr, [|., PL^jt, |>n^jTH, 



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tiip^i)iitt£ti, Imlmek H-, E*i, 11, Ci^mtfdl-tmemU South Xauit^iM, 8.W, 

Dyk-. miUmv AUlvi. E«H' (I'^^^t uf ]]4»irttuu), 7A? C^rtAanf: ffmmt^ 
Bon, jV.fi, 

PfOfs riMlal D^wiA, ^. WimJh^n C'vb, S. W,; ar^ 9, JfJH^fitf -Jdvv ^^- 



SMlvkk, Edwjml B.. Eh]., r.itji, ^a* ISiilhmd-nMid, ^TcMiOj/fgn, IP. 
Kutwkilr. CUpiHtn W, i. C^»ytf»:, riAfAi^ion, 

^EfUboD, U'Lltlftin UajtUm, E*j. tC, ^fikc't^r. //yJ^ur^, IT, 
lOxkii, AltWd. Etq. 

l^btjry, Lcid. 107, Pv-A^frtf/J!^ SnwwnArsbjiwif'f, TTi j Oht 
fcdm. Adnlnl Sir Clmi^l*. KX.n- 9, QiMn't-gaU-piucf, g.VT. 

Ldwtnli, HiV. A. T,. m.a. All, Ci^/irr Kentia^j^vu-Iime. S.£^ 
CdwviU, G. T., Ch^., 11.4. 1, />r. J'oAvon't-bui'UiFi7t, Tjmplf, F,C 

KinQ -in-/ Clj,, iij, GvTlAiW. /',t'. 

I^iu, KtJ» JuD.4 Etq* 5^, /Kfrnrft-JflrTiwet iJnytvutert 1Y^ 

l^ldDTivrongL, Celoiid Inrd. i/<i/'y ^f^^, Uriuikttil, Bf^Ui and 30, C^h4<- 



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UJk. ^fT F'fimv H.. Xj^aj. CMim. CbnodJ at l*diii). 1. 1j«Mi'v^f#-jibv, 
niU, Htn, Lt-ljb IL S^^fi CVuB, jCtus^-Urmf, & 11'. 

ClpUa«tau>U^r Su Uawibil C. A.C., iCjCI^ vx.> OlJI.O. ^wbyioi-^Jiacrt 

KlHf, Jda. fiPf^n, Kill. i^inH^^MW. Ji^ija»-r«a< Xnn'i^M, W, 
C1*«S Coloiitl A'illlfein. tt'u<-AJt£j0. fuJ^AU. Tl~. 

FJfoj. Ch^l fj^lcKtlL Oirff q;' i/dtr rr. i/, 5, A'mv iiTitfCb„4£,/dlf-mtft AIT. 

Ely. Jvhu EloiirT Wfllhiiprqi Ci'ihuin l^ttu^^ Hiniitli oC 9, P^-l^r^i^ri^ 

bi|WHn, €*fdJC CLi E£*|> i^tfcAy ^ Lmota i Br Office, LaiKuita^pltct, 
fflC 

KdklM,Clu>U J,. E^.. BonWr Civil ti*»iH. BT, H4>^r^w\ IT.; ui 
gto Enkliiv. Adtolnl John f^tpJiinitnnp. 1 L, AlbtKf;. W.j ami t^hend, 

*Er«PS TI. Hill, K«<1. 23, A. JoKtt'§-*^bv, &>fVT fri4bxf»y, \. 
viMTy. AIT. 



L,ist of J^eliotot of t!u 



UTO 

INI 
IftBL 

im 

1B3D 

I6«0 
1ST4 

irs 
nn 






Ktvu, TI]D«. Vi'm,, Citq„ K.P. ^/i#r/rPNAj//, i>«r0y, 

KtiiI>^ W^ Mvrbarf^ Kbi^, Fo*^ -^M^y, O^unf, Ptivi. 

L'Uitx CuIuubI WiUiflui tdwjii, SJ, A:vrftmir-*Ej«i, P^tfrrm-rimrf, W. 

Efflwtj, CUtM, Wilt*r» Eb^. (II,M. C<omdUr SarflAt, CblniJ. Cor* <»f Jb*. £ 
•EfcicU, Jain«. t»q,, r.«,*. 

EwfcT*, John, Ea<|. 7, /.ini^'uFr'' ffivf I, Iff/dtf/rk, W, 
97a Eirlfi£, J, I>. Cram. F-aq. :i. /.Aw-ArHf^wirff, GT-fT. 

Ej», Edvtfd J^ fiflq> TAtf Ot-anne, Shfple AtlM, At/"'^' 

Eflait Wm. <:niDp1*l1, Kq. Cv« ^ Mnttt. F^le and PMk, Ettfrmiimy. 



ITklrlprUgiii ClMfks, Kn], (Cfufli'i Paridi). CaterfJ^ H. ItQt, Kt^^ AttamMt^ 

Cf^ict-rovl, OtftiTtt. 
?iirfv. CnptUln llflir?, h^Hi ^rmy anJ Aopy (7i^|&W, 

?UIH, C4WKni, Eb|. H> ^f, yu^'it'a'i-f^iiurrH ^'^'^ 

F*n[;Br, Fidfnmiii, f-iq, 10, f^iflilhwkA-pifOf!. flfjds'piirk-s^an, 11". 

riuxfiLrair, WnUar. R^. Curr ^ J^fcart, /brb«p AitrAn dnd (%„ 0, Kia^ 
VfiHUm-^rat. E.C. 
^Fvqdbvwv. HEuor.-Osa. <i^ M»tf. «V. yMhn'HK'Jii, CdHiwr-rewf, 2fA//Aff^^ 
^•M. IT. 
Farm. It, INibop. &q. 

TorK 
■FiiFMr, W. Jul, E«q. IN, f^ywr Urm^^lntt, h; 





Bf^ai Gto^rrtgfkiesi Sotiehf^ 



*Fiultaatr, Bob. AfphM, Eiq, raMam, C tm tr^ ^ tetlt CUifAam-sMrl, AH*. 
FuJbiv-, Jw|pTi, Dq. 101, ^jyA»w«ib^ AZ: 

rnroMt Cipuu lU«u4 IM^, H.L. 3, Mtrtifitr'MfffuMt ntfwvittik, i^B»*. 

*F&jTrt, Svi^Eiob-a*«nt Sir Jutph, L«j^i^ h.d. It, flV—flfi^iiw, fVl- 

rO«»r*lkitt, Vfilfiflm. I";*q„ iau.. V.u. 3?, T/Tw r^Uof^fiMr. .Va»iiii^vm, 
Fain, TTwtau, Ia], |I» firf^fjnf^/iwn, W.C, 
fflinor. Wllfftiu A , TJq. 7'4'rlfAnl BmM CAAr ^- J^"^^ ifi^wf , & IK ; out' 

IVrjfiHjn, Hi^lit Bon. ^Ir Xiiiibh, Btii, JTi/^fUH, Jfu^Mir, i^-J7. 
I'lfmiii, Tboou QuvLol* f^^ AUfnBan. ^iijwjct^, £!iiAf| A*. 



4 



*Flttn]4T«not, GaniiikBdir tht Han. GHrfa, >-'- '* (Vvnctri-M^U'inr, ^. H'. 




rita-CviU, ft. V. pHn>*,Eftf, llO,£arw-*ftHfrr, ^.IT. 

■Fill n<^, Oti-U [^>1>- 03ncq, RJl. TrntAf Sfrtiiet CM, PattmJL 
¥\tmMaui,lh* Han. C W., m,P. JivHitM*i CTni, A Jamn't^tNvt, ^W. 

■f^tfwilltain, WillUm Thomiu, Etil. *, tir^amor^Ktuart, W,; ni\d Wnt^Mrth- 

Tliauut, 0., £ti). J^ronpMn J}drra«^ O^AaM. 
'KltmlDCH Jokn, lUq-, ^^,l. iTofwverv/, CHltfi^vlt. 



' nr ^\ 



xlri 



W>i 



Liit tf Feihwa ^ths 






ia:£ 



iflt? 




tloicbcr. TlLum» K'aJdi^r, Ehj. rV^vifr^ftHrf, lAwAwf* r, 
FIdt^p EiuolJl-. E*|. r, TV r*mt^*, ^itfnfff. AIH 

Vfity, lUKjar-tjtn, iha Hvb. Si. ti««Fft. CD. 34, ^iddfwt'Wl, Ft'. 
FoIlsri,A«1Eii|, :?%.rlc4#dZrMW<:ViiA,£l. yAfflM'a^dNw^^.lV: 

ilrv€i, 3lfit*ii, W.C.I aW tlnit^ Sgrrke Oivb, f\iiI-«iaIL 
Forbca, Opt. C. J. T. 8nilli. CVirv of iic$9rt, H. 8. Kiny andCo^i^ 

yofim^a^, Hylnrihl. K«q. Calintoa.IpnvTh, iJtu<Ti»iim>i i Union 0^a.W^f 

n,>itltiil*-tlrNt, ^WiAbyA; dW iVfxfp Cu^ Ldintm^K 
Forbcii <I*DeraI Jbo„ c.u. /NFffiwinjii, SJrafAiA^fi, J^n/wfijAn^ ; imd fWc^ 

tfafiVn, S.W. 

Kprbv, W. F„ £*■[, LofS-ei^le -fMuM, Jftlffj^tr. 2f.I!.; and Cvit^tm. 

Fuiilt kl^DE^uipnd l^UuirLt (Uta GoTuitDr of the AlubniAEi [tlukti]. .It, 

iC^t^i'fonf, FnEid> CJai, £h|- (CImuj;^ d'AHkbt*. l>4j)iuUiJi j, 17| i ^ g t fine >, 

•forlMH. M^r-UTOPTBl J. 0, K. (Unclm SUIT Cflrp.). <:A.arttrol 

*Fcinit, Ala, Ehf ,, Sui-fdj Dej^rtiruiit i>n'4Ttb, tTVflrrn jliv'niAd, 

YoTTHl, Jhiim. ]C«q. KirriftnV.ii'f Ilf,It, 

FciTMtnuri, (.nnn. n- A. ^Oininl for I'ftHnpvl), PM*p*^</r<»m, 71 nam Ml 
f*Wp^ a:. J/rvtf, OifV 1/ l'ict*i/c ilJ^ir-r*, 8, -V(. Afury At*. £\C. 




£^!fai Gtographiocd Soeutg* 



xlvii 







1647 



FoUr, JuiMa UiiniT. Kni. uu.Ji., r.iiAi'.i rji«A,tfi<. AuornK^ ^jun, 

F«irT?\ A. Onul, £di|, Cttrt af AUt. Dtrufvff ^'?-i £(«icAA<im, X'fH^ 
*T<mUt, J. 7.. i!>q. Goofmnimf /n^i^or ^ &4oa^. Xdl/or, iAufriu. /ndin, 
Cv«</Jt^ ^. (TVftDi, S'ifitm-Jt S'^iftjf^i Ofiott S'^fvtry, H'fVliiAitf^. 

Toi, tleDL^Munl Ah Unt. Qv&^nrdy SUrnj/. 

Pbi, LiiDt. T, A,, fU^f.n. 3* rftftjr* i- r a oft Imvt .1lJJ>vnn^^^(W<l, Q^ufAvt 
•Kanb, AU(, W* K^- 10^ ViBton^-tiHgl, S.W. 

loBoPmbv* C>|iUiii H, A,, l.t. Z^ATit\t>ar. Curt vf Mttfi. Or^rfffi;;, 5&, i^rAlo- 

?rtm\; C-f Ih^d T. Cirt of Col ^acdanaltl, S^tor V^ttd Avv^rf Ovb, 3. W. 
Pnit<%Alnn R*i|i T^nvu, FiirvuiftHw Cart ^/dmn ^^■affi', A9- /Vm-Aoutr, 

Frviraafi, l-Effirjr W., Cif), Tft,t4rt'oirit^'iU, OioiffnA/un. 

Fiak^ Tlvnuu <jrui][G, 1^14. 1, Cr u'nilv /^Wu vj. A'ruii^/'iw, 5, IT* 

lOfoFm^ r.Int, Itvtlt a A. Wf^vH-i^^jt, WvJiiiffkm, S. W. 

Frvrv, JliKht Hotj. .Sr II7. Bv-Ja Sdtr., But., r^.j «.g.p., ^.<UiX» D^.L,^ 

FripdiiobHO, Aug, Dumd, Csij, 3, Qium'^ttU-trrraoTf 8. WJ^ 




xlviii Lift ofFeitowg oftfu 



TsfbT 



1874 

1876 
1870 
1863 
1865 

1360 

1866 
1866 



1663 
1875 
1B5B 
1B77 
1872 

1855 

1869 
1878 
ia46 
1850 

1871 

1854 

1673 
IBBfi 
1865 
1876 
1866 
1863 
1875 

18S9 
1866 

1866 
1B73 
1875 
1873 
1870 



Frith) Rcr. WlUun. 3^ Brwuwick-viBat, Cambridge-md, IWtAp* j rcw. 
ll00*Fr7, Fndertck Itorrlj, Eiq. 14^ Jimtagut-tireet, Ruoell'tqtiare, W.C* 
Frj, Rtr. Hauj John. Warkton, KetteriJitj, SorthamptoAtkite, 
Fbiig*, Williun, Eiq, ft, Patk'Tow, BHitoL 
FuUer, Thomiii, Esq. 119, Ghucater-t4rracr, Hydt^arK H'-; Unitd Aj- 

waits G^iS.W. 
Fiwtl, R«r, J, G. Cqtry- lZ,Cadogfm-ptac€,S,W.; rmd KHmk^i/mt-onUr, 

Fyie, Andrev. E«q^ ILD. 112, BnmptUfhnad^ S.W, 

Fjtcbc, U^jor-GeiwnJ Albart, O.V.I. 2\,ZimvieMqaartj &W.i aid Stfdrm 

Ctub,8.W, 



*GAbi4dll, AntolDB, Eiq. 6, QuMn't-gata-ttrraoe, ^aumgtent S. W. 
Gahu, C- F^ Ekj. India-offictt S.W.; and WoodttK, Kagitim-lkUL 
Gaidord, Tbomjv, Biq. ThmUera' Ci^, 8. W. 
liloGklbnIth, Wm, Robert, Eiq., C.E, 91, Finchley-rmd^ N.W^ 

GiK HaiT7, E«q,, O.E. Car« of Mr. A. S^ Ttcyfordj 5, SoathamptoMtntt, 

Bloom^wyj W.C. 
*GiiUowfijt John JiUpe«T Eiq. 

GJHWwtlij, FiBderick Tbftmu, E*q. 8, Qvten' a-gtOt, S^park, S.W. 
GAtiwortby, Robt. Herbert, Ecq, 61, Ghvcetter-plactj Poritnan-tquaro, W. 
*GjLltaDT Captuo Doo^lut a,E. 12, Chater^ttrttt, Or^iVBtMr^ia^, S.W, 
■Gmltdo, Fjudi, £iq., u.A^r.a.s, i2,£utland-gaUjS,W^} taul&, Bmiit- 
ttrractj Lvamuigtm. 
GhIIod, Thwdom Howard, &q. 78, Qveen't-gate ; ami Sadnr-homt^ 
DrvitmcL 
■GuDtDcIl, U^ Andrfw. DnarOochty, Kvicar^iuthin, H.B^ 
•Gardiner, H. J.. Etq. 6, OrBea-tammt, Wtttboame-Urrace^ W. 
lljoGardnet, Christopher T., Esq, Britiah (hnsttiate. Canton. 
Gudper, Captoio G. H., aJT. Woodtide, Ettham. 
Gaidner, Henry Dettt, Esq. Skfiv<i«jd, Eltham-road. S.E. 
Gudnpr, John Dtmn, Esq. 
Gaic^Egne, Frederic, Esq. 
Gukin, TUT' Joee^h. Chateau Belle Atsiia, Bou^ign^-iiir-oKr. Octre cf 

Walei/aJi-^iBion-hovH^ BisAt^^agate-atreet'Kithinj E.C, 
*GajiLot, JohD P., jiuL, Eiq. Vu Cdfwi, Carthalttm, Svrrey. 
Gaitrel], Lieut.-Col. Jamei E. (Beng. Staff Corpt). SMrr>e\fOr-Gtntral9 Office^ 
Calcutta. Can of B. T. Gattrell, Esq., 59, Ldtcoin'M-imt-Jieldt, W.C» 
*Gatt5, Charls H^ £»(., ILI. Fetbridse^ptt^, Eatt Grinet^adtSuMtex. 
Gfcwler^ Colonel J. C. Toirer of London, EX. 
rijoGajrfer, Wm., E»q. Mtddie-cioM-tchvoi, Bromley, Eent. 

*Geiger, Jno. Lcwii, Esq. 73, Onaha-gardenat Boath Seruington^ S.W. 
•GeUitlf, Edward, Etq. Uplanda, Sydtnkam. 



Rot^ Ot^^Tv^icai Scciety, 



xUx 



1374 

l«70 
IBTT 
tST« 
16&S 

iBda 
ifiea 

less 

1H3 

1^4 

IBM 
1863 
I5«2 
IS«4 

itn 

IMT 
18» 
IS&T 

1074 



Pt 



74 

t9dl 
1040 



<i<D^t^ R«r. H. ft. St^ OtUtgt, OrJ^rd. 
-GiLbs IMlwU. Chi, 5V. i>><A»f4i>*i. &)r«fir*^ri/r.1K 

Jwifff O^UJ Stn^-B CM, Ckatia-ttmt, 3. W, 

M*/t\X2. Pf ifnn. ddiu/wtfi X4ur aitd C«.» lag, H«#f-«»vrJ, £hC 

I (f^lftddloDC, <faor{v, C^. 31, Vf»^titr^lUtM, Clifivntitti, BrigHon^ 

*0]^tDUf. IWbat Stuvt, E14. 

Ola^Til]<^ Silfifua duna|[« Lh|. J3, nhrffoJucdifr-iffnl, £.C 

<k\aa^ JiDiM Ci«rE« Htfiff, Kvq. 3», fopbran-iiyMf; JUaiAiu^A. Cbitf 

Olovw, R«lwt ft«T«L0X, Rii. Si, Gr*tt St. JMm\ K.C, 

Gljo, Str Rtdwd Gmtecl. BvL J^my upuj JVury £V^&, ^,LK 
*aodQiu, F, Du Cue, E»i, 0, T^tUrJtiv^IrMt. IT: ; 4iid CAiJJ OiBfoni-ktjvnt 

GtUrtnM. MrVruol^ Bin., tt.f. /rtfwi--f»rff;#. irtv/nf^^^jt, JV.W. 
OuUuald, Mni'-Gfn, 8|r Fr<d«rk J«hii| K^AL, CD. 3. C'^KP'lufurj^iifidV, 

GiAOtvaftlif, R, Tnckftflli], lEq* ^nn|f and N*nif Chib. 



Tar« 

nmtm 

1677 
18G4 

iae4 

1375 
1974 

1371 

1305 
1301 
1356 

1374 

1673 

1874 
1370 
1866 
1853 
L374 

1B59 
1370 
1875 
1868 
187fl 
1678 
1840 

IS70 

1872 
1867 
1868 
18fig 
1853 
1671 

1874 
1875 
1863 

1870 
1803 



Lift of Fellows of tfte 



GmdalLp Abraham, £«q^ RD. 4, Eivaitim-ptaa, Ottaa^^^te, S.W. 
i 1 7oGoodaJI, George, £iq. Jwtior Catllon Clvb, S. W. 

'OudenouKb, LHut.-Col. W. H., B.A. Wool%cu:h. Can cf Hmn. Cos and Qt^,^ 

GDDdiDgt, jHfl. W.,Etq. iB, AldtngaUttrett, E.C. 

GoodMtj Ftu. Ci\mhtr,Eiq. Cartof Mtars. GQodtiffeond8martt^S,Bi$Ii^p^ 
^at^^trert-yrithin, E.C. 
*GaadwiD, WUlLuu, Eiq. 27* Groatcnor-rtxid, Birkenhead. 
^Gooldtti, Charlfl, Esq, Jliiited Uniperait}/ Clubt S,W. 
Gooldin, Jaeph, £*q. 16, Lcmoatter-gstt, Wl 
*GordoD| Uajor^fsieral the Hoii. Sir AluandcrH-, E.<LB. SO, QvtnCt-gaie^ 
garderat South Senabifftoitj B, W. 
Qardoip Arthur LfaT[£Aq. WdrdhouK, Abtrdwjuhuv; tmd 42, Dah-atreet^ 

at. Jama'a, 8. W. 
Ootdoo, J. Ntwall, Eh^. Motto Veiha, Afnat Omes, SrazH. Care ofj^im. 
Jfoclcin, Eaq., 8, Tokmh^ntse-yard, lotJ>bury,' E.C. 
ilSoGordon, Robt, E»i^ c.e. Care of Mestrs. Kvtt, 210, Strmd, W.C. 
Gordm, Baael] Ubduh, Eiq. FuRckal,^Mi^cnti. 
Gore^Colorid AggutBiF. St. Vincent 
Gar*, Rjchird Thomu, £iq^ 6, Queea-equarti Bath, 
Qattf UcqC St. Gvorgv C, v^. Car* of Mean, Qriadtaji and Co., ^y. 

PaHumeid-atTVft, S. W. 
Goiting, Prei], S0U7, Esq. 23, Bpring^ardena, S. W. 
GottJitbjFdixHenrj, E*q.,J-P. Singapore, Eaet Indiea. 
Gotto, Hj. Joiliin, Eiq. Croft-iodgt, Highgate-nmd, H.W. 
Godgh, Hugh, ViicDimt, r.ua. Zovgh Cutra Catth, Qori, Cb, QahBvjf, 
•GouM, AbrahMiD, Esq. Soniertet-lid^, III, Adthidt-nad, 27.W. 
iI^oGoDld, Rev. Ju. Aubrej^, L 4, AUany, W. 

Gvmli., JohD, Eiq.t r.B.B,, F.LJ. 26, CharUttt-Atreet, Sidford-tquartf 

W,C. 
GfiuLd, Ref . Robvit Joha. Stratfiebl Mortita^, near Seadingt 
Goorlff* CoLoDeJ E., M.F. Sunderiand. 
Gr^bfum, Uicbiel, Eaq-, M-U, 
Graeme, H M, S., £4q. 

Gnhaju, Andrew, Eiq, (StaffSnrg.ajf.). Army and Napy Chibj S.W. 
GnluDi» Ojril C, Esq., GflrerUDr of GrcmuU, WrH ladKt. 
GialuuD, J. C. W. Paul* Esq, 1, Cariitie-ptace, VicUiria-^tnet, S.W.} anJ 

BrttoAeft Club, St. Jameiistrtttt 8, W. 
Grmhjun, Judb Htnry Stimrt, E«i. 1, Selgraxv-ierrace, Sh/phtrtTt-blvM, W. 
I ^ooGr^huD, Robflrt Geo., Esq. Zyndharst, Roehampion, Svrrry. 

*Gnham, Thomai Cuninghame, Ciq. Carllim Club, S. W.; and i^m/cp-AffiiH* 

JyrBhire. 
•Gnmt, Andrew, Esq. InBermay-houaef Bridge of Earn, X-B, 
*Qnaty C. Uitcbell, Esq. 



Hoyoi OfCffrnpin'tal S^cieiy. 






18T0 



0ml, Ovmi, E>q. n, O/miaml^r^m, Ifyif-pvK IT 
-Owl, Fmwi* W., E*4. «ti>««4Hl^ AfT. 

Orut, Utgtounl J. UiirT«7(liiiT«<t«f Oiif* Frpftlkr IVll«>XCi>iw«raoad Htf «. 

Qntttt. Uniittl A.. K«4- U. M.CABiflHp. CW^ Maml 0*2rfAi tiruf 
-fkif, AnhklaU, Ejt^ Jl^ UtiUtd-pvA, IT. ; nvf IX ^«M» /Mart, i:HC 

Unf, ItnhiR hi^P, K«q. M. JfJm't^rK Hkn^i^lX, S,S, 
Qaj, UtulrOoivml VCAliMa, fitrliyJkail, JtrmSttf, 
GmbIIhI, Unl,-Calaa.] WilUi^mt* W. Jl., c.n. M, Fv*t^tlrr*t, W. 
i3>oamr«.lttT,RkliiirO W, -1. W^ttcWf-^n-JiM.aiir. 
OtBA, 4UpUlb Fntioa, 5ilk Kfgnnart. 

G»K, Ci>Eoa-l MAlArm, c.fk 7^, .^» f/^^/^-^Mif, ^.U*. 

On**, HtT. W., ii.A. (%ipUint9i>tr TtvtrtfLm^M, 

CMio, »i^pr^i'iipnt ,H^ W. H. lL.E.a.u., ci, 9\ Hftfftm^naf, AW. 

wtSoMt A/Aiinvmift- 

Onaiapi W, TTiomu, tiq. 22, JfAV^uk-atjuarf^ iSKeJJUtd, 
Qn^ TliLA&H. K*^. ft« /'■ifcrrt-*^'!'^, ^. fP. 

Off^vrr, Chftilu llattoa, ^^ ati. t, iMjAiiy-«|rf«r, IVMt'nihdtiv, 8* If. 
•OnlUl, llnrT fC^Urt. E^^ C^" «/ ^- '^. ^r ^I. CmroAnf /V^v, 

ill 




LUt ^ Fclhux &f the 



I 



I 



isna 

ISJT 
1873 
U64 
1974 

lasa 

18S1 I 
1439 

IM3 

1836 
1673 

\mi 

1870 
1879 

1K01 

1070 
1857 
]fl7tf 
ISTG 
IBfll 

\U% 
1857 

ia7« 

1S7I 
liTS 



tare 

IftT* 

1J7T 
IBT4 

i^do 
iiu 



Oitf. ClwLu. fix;. JAtf CV^(a!J^ SUiiiuA. 

Gnj, Ailm. Han, Sir I'. W^tJ^VK AdwuDflT, ^HvUojdaf/, Aa<iv«, 

G»7, Ot)4i>ti Jl. (ncii|;al SUiT Cor|«)- 

GrkrwEL. CtiDrLH^ KtQ, 

GrlMUdi. C. Lt &<)^ <:4, %4-vwmi, tr« 

GiUUd, [tai\il, lU]. IK. r,r>4<l<nJli^^Jt'r/T«, If.C. 

ia(OGikffiUi. John, Etq. 10, ^ViiAiov^iiaer^otiCA, E.O. 

tirtftlli, l^l-^iijr^ riiiwiti, l^. SO. l?iWWMfr«#f, IV. C. 

CiFliKlrod, f^ K^ Kaq.. lr,n., tX.a.. rt.t., ftc. T^inutfrti-Aoud, J/il^MVi 
GituUBtmiJ. J,> P^, CfultittAot Oet/hn, Cart of Edt.<$rd l^mli, iSvf^i 

a. Ortat Omf^ttrtei, 3. W. 
GftMTfooTi Lord lUahurd, ».r. 7d, ^poai-tfiwH, ^aikM/w^ IT. 

Qmllwmvd, F, R R, Eftq. Eitha/n, Kent. 

Caaft Arthur, Gm). 4, OaJi-vitiaa, Mmpatoadlt V'W. 

flunDttl, Ciiptein fMrnanrl 1L. >.H. Army diuf -Vatiy Hub. K,ir.7 

i]tt7Eiii9,Aiuitait G, Eiq^ fAou^AOf CW^^^, rt^annwA. fifajftwl. 



lUUJtj, Hjuor^cucmi Willkm Itobfrt. CnitrJ ArvCttf C'u^, 5, tT. 





IBH 



t>T4 



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tLtrtDDll, K«r, llflfoM. N.A. Cii/t.yn Coltt^t, HwiiW. 

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fbijt^ A, A., E*|,. Juik ^0rv <■/ £^vrAV i^rfuAa/-, E$f.t &, Kin^ Wiflyn- 
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Faiflfniiuin, N, Kiq^ pn.D, «?imfi)fc Ouh, 7, aiTtftf-mw, W. 

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H«n!«Mn, Niyw K. C. C^rt of Sir C ATOmitw, J?iirt,.flnrf (K. 2b. 
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iimntmrj. J. R. H., K*!. I« jl«t TVi^, Survts of Fadwi, nArt Dhfxm. CoM 
f^ Mtnn. H. S. JCin^ ahJ Co , Cot-nhai^ EC. 

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flarbvi, n. Aug., I>4. 

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KLniiAiJ«l. Gtnr^o Williun l>'ai, I-anJ, m.iJ, Jlovtif-prioryf /iiefd^jrt, J^^. | ontf 

i&BoKirk. John, Hh). M-n.. H.M- Agaat aotf ttnuiil tiiD«nJ, Zanttltir. 
yCitk*. Jvlu, &q., Biirji>tflrp Orknivl (JhA, W, 
Kjrliljibl, M^iir^iuii, JuJiuA. Vfw^. H^difrr /^or^/, lf>^MfAarrp X£. 
Ki«ii, Dauu:] U'juUku, liaij- l-'i, Wrtff>wnne-fyiAii-ternnt, l/\\ 
KitUmwi-, Lieut H, H. U^flf n/ ir. rfc^-ift/. h4,j.^ V, foii-mtiH-tatt, S. »; 
*KiUuu, JiuiEci. JUL.. Ka-t. ^jy/tfiff-bujU, i/ti JiiujUj/t Lenta, 

Koisbt. AuJiTv HiUt^, K<q. V^J. U\}lhinI-iHrX, W- 

KnJfbt, VTm. DodoAi b<4i jlvfruij^-^uf. iirmhiU'ji'irh, llanipttKML 

KElDU;^ Hi^M W. W. (9Jrd BJEblnivleraO tFHfWcA. 

Kiioj, Alei. A,, E«q. 91, yiaiona-rtrtet. WntnJruUrt3.W, 
Knvi, rSoiDv G., £tq. />uU4. C^w «/ Jfkira. 31. & ATfa^ 4«J Oh, 4^ 
I-iiiiifMtt, 3. W, 

KuiTAlbiirp AMul HAkk <«iini AKiiL^mmliiLdiir). Jfiuinik frmr, /ixftiA. 



■Lar4D, ColDDel IIoUm MifltML, HhK. ^^r^ oh'' .V^t^ Cluh, GwW. 




i7#ya/ Gt^r^hUai Sotkty, 



[XT 



Uvb. Han. BdwtM Vrmian, SfiAmt, (i«tf^tJMd, J«l^4l^. 

Lamh, IJflDi, HfUj, l-X. A.lf. fiwlM ;ffv# D/jmrimfnt, Bahtditnt-rtetd, 

J^^mhnh. Ji A. 

*Luce> John Ktorr. K*^^ r.i^, 7h< ffi^imMod^ Z^ji-iUnf . 
*LncB,61r D«ay A. 9 J, A^v'nf-M'vrr, £,1^, 

laoilff , Edvinl, Raj- Wti!t\itL EnAam, JTemL 

■WecviM^oi OtcfTtli'lr'nirHnvAU^tw.Viifi., iLt., c.ciL, r.ft.i, JKvfi- 

tv^ua. Co1dii«I Jolm. t^if*/ JcrnW Cfu^* A Wl 

Lvnidip DoD»U. Ew|, 21- Jr«ivAi]7r(mrp«'i»^-Jii'^'>u. IT. 

LanrTitoD. Llmr-Coln (jcon^ AraoTd, Bvmbij SUtF C«rpi, 5Dpir(iiiUii<Vut 
lf4ni>Af Stimjt BttmfHtj/ . 

I^JC^Lwri*. ['•tar fJwA. K*q- *, ^r«'il*f^'ij^'«fH jrpannTtflft^ifii, IT 
U«1B, JoMpli Samivl, E«). It» n'dnfw^t^rf, S.iV. 

Inr, Jh, E-it. 544. Qj^f^Mrttt, W.C. 

Jjmttnait AltumJn. Ktq. Cli/df-KfMtr, Thuriimy^riM^^ llampiita^ ; mt<' 

Lmvwv A. M Riiii..J<ih. IT. Thtiritr^rtKjJ. HiunjuiUnii. 
IvirrTtwi, Fr*i. W,, 1^. OttkltiijK. Baektnham, Kmt. 
l««irrDnr, Hid. Jnhn HuoJltai. 34, £iau/ifpl^;ari£nu» S. W. 



you XLTJ, 



Hvi 



Jam ^ J^eliow tf tAt 



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1879 



i74oUvrTHiB. Sir J, J. Tfitvr, IWL 9, Prino^a-jaU, S.W. i ami Bv/ord-hdfff, 
•Uareow, Philip Ifforj, Em. 3^, f^iKwryAxM, W»Ol 

UnrHQ. WUUnui, Eiq. 11. fruAain-frviv./'uMmnp 5.1^'. 

PJvntpfnnlli-ry, Af.iftiijt 
|jprd,Cnpl, llruwolwif li. fiW^<fr«*, A'avbar. 
1 750*Liij]in[. i:^pTj<m Hrownlnw Vilh-n, :ird WhI ladlA Rift. JimfM* 

LnuvJ, Di, Arthur, 1^ Old Bvrtir^bfii^tTrtl, VT. 

Land, Jno.* kH(. l^i, rJtf ^nrfjij^rnrHfrivf, FT. 

Lmnaoiilh, AndiTB J.im** L, E-<i. Jwttt^r United i^ticB OW. J.ff. 

*Lc Brrlon. Knedi, Eii|, 2t, SvM^tt-plii^, Rti^aU'i-pa-k, JV. IV. 
J7«oLfdiiB, pAlrick C, E*^. 7, J'a^dfiff-rood, Jowp*J/yaf*, ft\'MM>in, i?, V. 

I'fi4f> Cn[^[, !4^iitr« Tbamton SlntEi»rd, RcjnU KiTil KwTt« 1?1, i>Jil^i 

MiTttt, lAfyrrpboi. 

trt, Al^iti 1^. II?, Wiiiin^^<rff,-it.^Prttton T\t^P-rfad^ A/dc4&W-n. Z^rqcBiA^ 
l4^» 1I»*T, K«q,, r.T H, Hir, '/V Wfl/rfmltT, rrVj/(*>ft. 

l4¥, Jjihn ininkm, Fn^, Kftrthiennti-jmrk, Cuintn, tti* f\f n^AL 
1.fvniiii, ^f***ts!f. ^^., u,T. T. Lpin*t ^nrJ, HVt^nnuCvr, £.IV' 

*Ldbv LLculiqjiPl-Colirjtcl >'4U4U, i>.ChL. AtAm^Btun Clul, £.}^. 
to Pfiivrf. W. H,. Iliq,. Cic. es, IfHJforcUgard^i^ Kntttngton. W. 
i;7o"Urrvfi|Su ilvlin Gf]UE][c Sliaw, v.A., aC.L., r.A.a. 19, £>>f w:/ ^nrJM^ 5L ffl^ 
L*^, G«Hnl John Hairj-, it,*., r,ftj, ^Uaaia CVh&. RW, 
U()tm«,CleiiKutCB»iJ»i>ii, Cm4. l.i'mMrVoJiii'i, !>fj ifrt^n/^rtBl. JilC 

Vtifh, John Sli]i14r> l*^'! '<0^' i^P Td/M-ruJ, W'ttlfwirti^-parJi, tT. 



Jfayff j Ofriyrapkiaji Soctrfy. 



lami 



C«75 



1IT4 



Idiwm, UfDi, JoTlui Jan., itc, IR, LjiH«uA«rTy^i#, r>aiiHMir-rwU|5.1T. 
|jTi» FrflfbHT 1>AT4, PJ.4,. «n?., 11h. PaK Kaa. Umr, TuV ID.it^nAHl- 

Ijtfin, jmhmM. Fm[- *<, ^!W*^flml-*/rMr*. It. 

<Lniis Fndtrick DudUr. &q. Jfei-flnuA. fV, /jA.V^, BioMiHiJk, BJi 
LfvK '"•-, E*i„ •■»- CW/* Oi"w#, (?vyv44»£lf*in0ti. 

IkhileU. Tliuiuu Groivv, GjiiI t( Sh^f^ttpo^, ffWtqf^WiA^. 

UI*»H. Tbimi** LrttJ^tflfl Towyiv I''>»^- I.iffar^Ari, OuAfA, iTankMVAiBi. 
UniDpdBii. Untummt F. CI. Iddb, BiVt Oo^entm^howr^ i^oMn Jtc«i- 

*LJD(lflLj, Willttffl f».. K«q, JVoHAkAduM, ^Ai^TifHM. MUUrtms. 

Llitlaljlc. ClnHCt St. Q^ar^t, f^. Ri^jh^. mu^ Ik^^rpA^. 

LI47-1I, Cftpi. C. tlanrj. Can of J*o. Jvfp oni Cb., 113, AitfAitrf^-alryirf 
£.C. 

Ltefl, Franca Ajlrarr, Coq, H^, 0»*«'*»ftTratf, ^WAirv**** ''^ W; 

mi 





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^K l«73 


Lloyd. Perdml, bUq. Thr Lilmrn. ^rml^^'hlii. P'tftaej^ ^^H 


^1 !•» 


UbjA^ Sir TAoEnitf D:iri>, Burt. rnHai Uniirtitif Cl*-h. >^ W. ; Ohrf /ln>iHr>^<f.^^| 


^H 


Cv^fHHAcn. ^^^1 


^1 1B04 


l^%a*Utijtl. v., E«q. JTycoi-Aoiuf, trcti^flflfrurv. ftaffvrilahirt^ ^^^^H 


^1 IBr37 


ib^Rv*, VpMN4ia H,*- ^^^H 


^H Ht;i 


l-lilrlryti, (.^fil. K|4?baH' 30. VoMvgH'tqri/irt, W, ^^^^^H 


^B IMO 


LlufJlyn, M*J»r William H., R.a. i?^d/ ArtilUry^ fitfmmtth. ^^^^H 


^^ IWT 


■robh, Jcthn^ (Tvt. KV. FarnnffttoU'tCffrt, K,C, ^^^^^M 


, lias 


tob]rf. IiLtam i^offw, F^.^ r,a^ 5P, C^mdbn-rWfJi W, ^^^^^M 


^B iaa» 


IjMiht fiiinr^^ Va^i- 'i, W^xl/iUtHlo^^ainbfrt. yietTn'ti'Mlrtet. f.lT. ^^^M 


^H ie&« 


Utoli, Hgqiy Brani^luiED, Eiq. Gwertmfnl-iiovcf . hU [>/ ■l^iw, ^^^^^H 


^H lost 


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^m tBb7 


LocUi A'iUkin AJnED. £v], %, Qr^tit Gsorqff^ii^H, llivfrnaArttfr, ^, TT, ^^^^^| 


^M LA7* 


iAjD]«ct, Alftod li.p lUq, AVwirinilf. MtiftToolt^ StyfttKattpivn |^^^| 


^H ifla« 


Lookt, Jobn, E*). S3, AJJitjU'rvaJt Kcwn^loH, W. ^^^^ 


^H 1B&11 


TiVkhrjt. WUIlHin. Km\.. rM.*^-V AT, 'Mmrififf-jiHint. Ittaetk^tk. SJP, ^^^^| 


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Idjclhart^ C(i[ilalji Wm. SlcplioiL Alejuailer, ^^^^^^| 


^M ISTi 


'Lfldcfj bjtmuhd Gitrtf Kv). Ht^ OrofUnrvuTWim, W ^^^^^^M 


^1 te73 


Logiui, E^ir T- (ijlbThith, v.a.ti,, m^v, iO* %iif-^vt-if uirvi W. m^^^^t 


^H IBHB 


Lmtwrnt^^y. Ainu d*. Amiml.^^ftr QM^nphtmi fioBviy.M, PHurS^^^^ 


^H 


CtiTf iff MfH/^K JIamylton and t'o-, I'l, Fiiitmtofttt-roir, KV- 


^H laeo 


LondtttfOTfluglj, Wm. Waaj ForBUr, LorJ- 38, fftr/tgiff-j-ttuoFt, W. ^^H 


^V im 


l.iagtioltAiD, A. J'.^ l<ldq., c^K. ^^^^^H 


1090 


"Unjt) Gojiirr. Ell)., m.ji, 3, £Mii^fff^h,ri>ftJItlJ. CftkMtbr, ^^^^^M 


^H ^»^* 


t«40LaEi£. R«r, Irmm. M, Halisfi^ii-t'jtt-r*, FlMt^trtflt JC.C*. ^^^^H 


^1 IBAT 


*L«]& W. Ctnbfji, Bh]. ^^^^I 


^H i»;-?fi 


tAbydan, Nsj^r^trunF Hvmy Edvtrd, (*,Ti. Iff. niiifniH»f Ji* Jli»>. ^^^^^^^ 


^1 


diii Wirf-^ ^ft-tVw" Ch^ a PT, 


^1 1&72 


l^nfilfii^ tiir J. K, K.cM.t). (iTornnfiutit-AoiUff^ rWnidiErL Car* V ^- ^- ^^| 


^1 


K Jtf'rrrriinii. 13, A'aif7'*-rvi^, lifdfi'rd-rtN: W.l\ ^H 


f l«fl& 


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^^ IM7 


Lon^&n.lhM.. F>^, PtttmiOMtfr^fo^. K.C- ^^^^^| 


^H 


L«ti|jibiiD, Wllliui, K^, 3a, /r^df^pnrt-fgiurr, WL ^^^^^| 


^1 ino 


■Ijwieit^ LiontK-CVI'inrl I,Ipivb[]^d Wtwd. Ajmnfl^^myt^Kdil, BuH. ^^^^^M 


H i««i 


LvUvltliff, AiUlUI IVlD^lUEi. Ijhj. ^^^^^^^I 


^H IhtHi 


I.NihRT. WVlllnm P^harl, l<^«). Jff /A(«nif , jfiut^fidH Cart o/ Jfr. d4ilW«rt ' 


^H 


S, ^*«f4un:*-B/i-»rf, A",C , 


^1 xvi 


lA^oLtml. W, DuT)^! £■[, Di«ffiuhtrf*hifS-.vttTgf^ ifiinptlMd, A'. IV. ^^| 


^m iwii 


LviM^ The Mwl Ilea- tbg Unrtjuit of, i:.r,, u.r, 1, ^r^fufiKv^^PMOffnl, ^. ^ ^H 


^M lara 


Idtl William, E^. I'addrC'm'haU, nmr iiftrv^t/t'iry, ^H 


^M ms 


*Lullii«f, Krrii^Hr* Jeiu,, Kiq. Wext^cot^parA. JH,KieMrit, U.B. ^^| 


^M 19H 


lAthLtD, Wl]]iiin£diainbiig, Mnm^uU nEl l\ ilrvfm^ff^rf, H, ^^^^H 


^m ]m 


Lvvoll, ThomM, Hi^ ^ Hxcx. ^^^^^| 




A^yo/ Otoffrap^ictU SocCtijf, 



Txlt 



IMS I Unci, PUllip C<»bx, K«|, Z4«im««-A«m, JUtomh, Xtf^Aftm Jmniiit 

I«3« I l-ov*. r^tAm W. Ur^irT. Jf^ni^ ^fffq-y-OnL Hav^it, Jf-MA Wain* 

lMl> I L««ry. J4H|rb iVilfOD, Bh- 3V« ifufrcrf^IrH-J. Numptttad'fWuS, .V. Ml 

*l,<iir||ier, dpt. Ujikui^ IlT. 7%dtiiA», Ay/f. 

LuvJ^ C«pULD CboHA* Llw4r4, u.E. i^«^n»ijCA. 
LimM, CdLuDil R, G. A. f-\M/ffi. ivcL' M<ivA^ttr. 

'Lubteck, Sir Jahn^ Uiut, k.r^ r.iL«., be. tli^h-titu, ifc>:JniAmn» Jtmi. 

Lurllnv, YA^r Jahn iJiviiJ. Kki. Con 9/ Go. r«rj, i^f^ $7, CAiirJirr«sd> 

lufuid, <1cih-ip1 UkLiI Km- ."ill KJmnl.v.c.K £ ::>, AUnny, W. 
t.uiuJdif C«L<iDil P. S., C-i-i., quiu1uBUL4Ur^~«Miiiij tWa|&l Amj. £Ml«i 

Luftk, Sir Hcbarl, <1.G. ^dJnfir'a/'AdU-, jlwmi» waJ, it^jrmf r/v^ iT.W* 
*],iiiliiii^[AU-TllKiu. iLrf. W. R. Tllvn Uonl^ «.A. Oxfuni oni C4fnM(i;ff 

rWw '^ ^'. : OMfrtritiirt Cl*Tt^ ^'. W. ; i^n-f ^ftth'm Mwnor^ J§t§ of JWy, 
'Luttnll, LiaiiL AhBEiJtf Towi's (G««. G^,). CubA' C3iA l^-maH, 
3. IV. ; lihJ I>iMitcr~.'tMite. St/menet. 

*L)rncli. T!ii>nu# Utrr. Eaq. SI. Ctewiattii-iQUjrt. Hvde-ywh, W, 
Ljn^ FrtAuii, &m{^ A, j<4/r#fv /'^'j^ PitteifU, C>itittfifaiHt 
Ijiki, Kobt, L., 1^ i^)^ /'v£fLH ^ocAfv- f^'i^- 



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1971 



M»Jait4ld, CnloDrl J<<hi> (l^r* f^iAiT Corp). Cart iffXrmn. GrmUtytnd 

UuilttuU* WilJiuEu, 11*1. rLt«(Aioir), Japan. Ol'^ nj JfivVf, AVMUakf 

-ir/mihirii tTub. Fiill-tivilL 
UurnflBii. John a., I>q. TiU IbiM*, RitAmM^J/ridgt. 

<P«rf India U. a. OviK W, yawV»-#/HV*, ^.W' 
MrtckrlBiit, DonaOJ H-j Kt[. fl'J. FartUnd-j^iiKtt »'. 

■UuiiLtjrr, rtlrhskp Eiq., r^Jt. t^ff. A$tB<. JeuI. >tt,). t, ^4^4d£ft W^* 
M«:4.j, NfTilB r., Kiq. 2, i.7ffi-(vur^ Tr^.^^, £.'.0. 
MMakiuia> apt. OOtn C^eUi iLKhluidctk). ^'av>d an<t MiU^'i Oi^ 

Hatt Tttitik t/ACfd i^erviof Cbil; g. IF. 

Hwlit'ilji]'. JiAn, Kv),, J.r,. iir.i,c v„ <:hi«(' Knginnt hiiJ la^wter <tf 

U«k4nnfin. CL I>^. £iq- Cbrv o/ -ttvin- /^ CSincK and £^9Af, 31, 

*»nckibiwii, Wm. ilts.» KBq,^ ».r., r<lLj. 4, JZyiipfwJ^cf, W. 

'UiiDklnnop, W.. £iq. Bitlinafiitl'h'^'IJiv^frt, Aryyiuhvr. 

Mtcklnlf, LtfuL^a. EllUit C«[»t>] RaflTiKni). fT. S. Ct\tb. S. W, 

UMltn, Wfljtin Cnibton, Kt.^., r^.i, 31,. C^vvfr^m^fiW, _ 



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Mftmi^ DuD'flD titophfrton, IE*!, ^'^ahi (ViA .<.ir 

MbJumAn, ^iirf;,-Mnj, T. N.^K-n. ([iidt^D Srmj]. UA| l^aiat^t^mnirm^trr^ IF. 

NftttdTk, John, fi»q. ", thilKMil^iHtM^ OiiVffetf. 

McAT|JkD,Kf<uji'ili W. A. Oh.F^, i^«mijn-tor> jjt. /Vntl*^ Jbrf, JWA ffkfa. 
H<Aiidi-<r. M.jVG-H, C. (Bwyol ^rHa- Corp). Ca^ 4/ Jf4Pf . CWtdby «nJ 

£ALi and C^nrltniif, Bdfait, 
VtfC'^, Jnlin, tVt-' ""^ -/unmr tWEil Sbttkv CM, S^IT, 

UtUvnilh, [ioUrf. Ilt^, Stt, JVno*V^U, AIT, 
*Xfi]fur, W. 0, E«]-. ^fi, «/ CUKAofM />i^nfdi<iviH, O<ild0iiiiiiMJ, Jfod^i. 

]leK«llfi. P, H,, Ek|., rJ.*,» f«l^ i*. V«, PftHhrvIgt^.lU, Bayw^tOfr, W. 
*llct4in, Hah- JnhB^ f^drfumi, ,Vm ZNiidnd. Ci'tf d/ Jtf«fn. ^t^Bm. 



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licKklr, iAtpr Jolu F, A., IU4. Cirr «/ J/ru^v. i:Uli aid Ob., iS, O^ra- 

M'NfliI, Tht H^gbl Hod. l>Jr John, O.O.B. (^fvuihffi. rHvr i^dMicy^ 
MiKvill, Cokuol J. r.. «,u,. en. U%iM Sutviot OM. /'ili^-malL 

Xflfenlb, Coloul John ».. M-itw ArtlLUrr* Bat. jVi(/Jbi^ oAir Brulfkr^ 
Vttr«0. J. J,,K>i.. t^hC 41, irpper litilfufiS-piaaj, EiuteU-a/punt W.C 
'Mv»r. RliJi«Tl tlKfttj. Ei^,. rjiJl, Athrmntim ClA tf,W; qmJ JXrttlill 

Mdbf. John WaJtar, Eiq. 11, Jfiobrvrnd-H/Jv, ^Ani-<brfffrf'.viikxt 

M*n. Col, Hfljrr (MftlrH JrtnF I'oq*), TTHf^rvo^f, i;o.ii;nrflltf- 

Maa. CWpbib J. Afcaaodcf. Carnr/P. J. Kit^f, K»-i., IQ, St^Slfp^^t-^jmart 

Uu, CftfitiiLD WilJuini. Otrr "/ S. F, SUvaU. 4, T^'V^Tur^TUOnf, IV.C 
Mnnchatvr, Wai, O, UQEitiffij, Ehilu of, I, Snat Stim^titpMtntl, U\ ; 

Hud. Itct^Tt Juiic«« £«t|., u.tf. ^. AVni/aiJuiCTi'ti^l'dit H'uwiidvJ 

klHTiciLiig, Fprffficli, K»q, Jj^rtif-M^r, X-Mm>njifin ," and H, />Dtvr-«fPc*f, H", 

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Utulcll, Air John lltfb C^vitfy /Wrop^iflcff. StraitfjfmsK itftttetmUt, 
Uuiutl, AitKT Afcldflfk ln.fHiit. K.q. n>tf.f»/i«is Afw j^Hldhrf. Oip* </ 

Muiliri^ tVoL J^bn. Cm]. .VitfAl^dM. Ltvuin. 

MitdIu K4«w4 Aitmnl, Ciq.H ll-M. OKt^nl CUIIm, Can tf JTavn* ^. 

•gvnv, Jf. W- ; JJWt Athmfrun (Yi|/i. .y.W^ 
kUr>h, Opt. EL C Co^ «/ Jf^fpf. ^iurtf m^ &,, 0?, /M^Cw^ f >C. 

*MH*kijn, Th* Had. HdIwI, r,, a^9iffe^-9tr*tt. Maiff.tir^ W. 

ycntii. Hlldil, Kki-, Tiff^Couul. SuftWAk, Cart of W. Z M^itn, Stq», 
.10. r^^iri .<L itUMV. jt(I 

Vvlhi, Wia, Colfnuii. Km]h 

Hatf^mu. KdMM. Jun„ Itq. STI. <>» /frwu^f,, JIT.C, ; find WjSfhawtow. 
lfMkmft,T. SV.,1^. 4, .V"<*'^A.VMV^^^JhJihi. 



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1671 

1872 

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1855 
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<hkSidu Xt^^ttv-f^iai^ £tfjtvlM, B> 






Ann j and Artt C<V>, (!'. 
Bftlhatrt, Willkm, »|., U.l. 

Mud*v Colonel C. A. lleg^t JftfVfj Pfrnli^, A n', ^M 

blmvcl), Jblin, £n4p Zt'cA/lffM'AaVH-, ^j^AnwwT. 

Uttj, SinlT-CoBimf. I'fliiifl John- U.S. Can n/Jifuri. CoMonJ ^vuJfluud. 

Mar. ^i^'- 1^- ^'- ^f'^'sf ^'^f ^'"*'' ^m 

Uaj'cji, Wmifua a v., E«q^ ChLoviSiBnury, U.lt.M. Uf{At>Dn. PcUas- ^irr 

HHrBr. CApt^dnmntuiJCIuila, lur, C.»« tOI, Qwvn't^rolfi & IT. 

lO^oUnr*'^- J<''>i 9h. C«g,. J, I'. 0. St. JoiAa'a-sjiU'Ste. JfoHcAtfvAir. 

Han^D. IV Hoti, ItoWrt llonfy, Pw^u'iP-iJ p^tKf, i'.lV,/ and B, it«(|rOM' 

Madow^ Ih', AlfrtJ- 'JT, ^*M^*-if*vrf, jU.iBiPif^iflwiif*, W. 

Ucdbuati »'u Wtllci n„ ICuL, ^^n^mrA Ciuir^ 
*U*i)fei>lt, Comnurhiv Utrvja B., KH. Cvv ^y IfjHrf, HcoilWad aid Cb, 

VaiiJal. &]iitv<1, Khl. OAubAiirff. ffnf. 

Uaiu*, Juh Irrittr, Ia|. 70, iVjirt/*"^*'™'' ^^^ 



I 



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0>v ^ A & JA>rym ihh/ CWv, 9% OfJ Sft>iut^r^, £.C. 

JfMnn.JwUh Y0iih£,R*|., »,v„ r^A.4,» Cmtrtllcf dDJ,!!/* PKiH^trrkra, 

»;oll4ibufii, O^r, iimi, IVcil (^vct Koul. 0J>.) Omr^* CM, rntl-^tail. & Vr« 
MftlirHi, C^prftLii lla1«rl. 44, C'tftTtfr^'^ir*, ^IT^ 

*UtKlnDUstk, Jaha CLiM. 0:0,1 C«(l g£ a3» i^vHr^Crnf, B*. r t^ XtiMff~ 

ptfi, ivv JWif. 
•UididE, Giutrd J. E« K.ix^. 
*Mi«blr. A., Cki. :»\ Uiul«tftait4imt» S.C. 

MlddJotiOiB, fCni'AiliTilril Sir ti. S. Urctkt, Burt. ^ni^'']^Hl-|ian|:, AVfrfAou, 

•Uid*iiil«r, WilJkm CDl]»fi, IJ^. J(yijA, i^^thiii /fwrwiJL 
aoVoHLItfLd, John, K«4. Vi<'if9iiif, i^Jubm-nUt/, irvny^JoH, 

t^trtw, IV. 
Mllvs Crt|t^Jti<' .^.in^Lk^! ilarirti (IWnnUj .^UiiT Cff^M^ T^LjlkKl A^nt kb Mpkrin* 

Uillffr, Cbu. A. D^ Ki^- STiJrtrooAa-iodfft, Brirtm. 5. IT. 

HULirr, I^vlcil MnnlcDDitrle, r*iH CuA«nfmv<v«r. rmMi^riHnUj, 
*MliJ«r, AJniml ThoniM, Uhtttd Sffi-ict Club, S, W. 

HUU, Arthur, ei>^, ^t, JJt/ii^^jo'h^^nitfu, W* 

UOnf, AdBMnl Sir Alttp, Bnrt., u.ci^ t, Lo'^'Hdt^SfMt, S.W.! anii 

Milnrf, Kan-, JdIu*, »jU Tkt^Btctori^. Mdditii^rt^m^lrftdii^ J>Orf*rtjto^ _ 

"MtoUUi. Pndtiiick D., Esq. % CtantVtfhi-phot, W. 




1677 

ty7i 

1803 




1671 






ijcoUofBtt, Jehu, H-i- CffltfjW Af/utcr (>j^ <^ ^#br»n, G, ^Jf^tdrrim*, 
ATolUtcu, Akuiulv KuUbtuiii i Lm^ 

Ueiil(4fia<fi*. L]*uL-C4liiui:l T. fl.. Hu^hI Ciij^lumt. r.EL-i.. lX|i. 5u|^ Tilg. 
Jr»>'^«^arrw[, i;,f'.; and Al/un^i-tim dab, f^nli-imiU. S. W- 

UimtjEQin*! J. iiir huLvFt, iL.c.ft., if.tJ.xi. 7, CurtVBofi^irdmt.Q'Utt/^atVtS* W, 
Mvid<^ C. P. )Ck|. Coiv </ J. J. Pntt^ £^., 34, Ci>Umiui^rtH, £.a 

•Moor, for. AUbb P,, «,i., r.[i.A,i. S'it. CV;'in*7iJ'#-6*tJfa^', Trw. 
Meurc. Aifulphua VTh, B*i|. /mJfu-v^v, S."^'. 

Noon, Jnhn. Iliq. »«, Jtfar4-/iifW, £.C. 
*llI«nilU C*|rt. J. L., L, It, M4<i- Kli^. JA/rmlrfiur^. OvtiKatmUtiJ^ Xt<gAtrrtUt 

^HoTfpa^ Mnw, t(/n. U, /f'^^^f'^Tart'/Hf, Nt^r/i ffdrui^Ityfi. S. VI'. 

Uoi|^, Jtuliu Bpnocr, E*q. I3t Ariuc'^-yAld. ITjjt^parlk. & If* 
MoTlud, I'JFQt. t^rDT7. lit* i.K. Auitrani Itockm^ati^. 4fi„ Hfmtaif. 
M-m-, ELdi-jirJ i^, R*|. II ^dc'v^ C/A P^l-fnJi^ S. W, i ^mJ Pmtaimmam^ 

park, tHmiit\iai\. 



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U<inlMD, r>uuD. £i<i. f^rr p/ .Vtfwr. JUrrCf ami J>«4m. CAnf-r. 

Uorcininiv. Ponrr, bq, T^ i^cdnktHQurv, A IT. 

UrjMT, IlvbnL JiUH, F^, 43, Aa^onJ-tyucirf. W.C. 

Hop] Amir, ftir, ];j, iAirA^n-<|/^Jr. Jtr^arM^rm, VI..- iiuJ AtJtMiBiiiH 

*U4it>y, H, W_, tn}., M.A. ^:tvf4 CjHtj}ir. 
Vudic, Chuln £:a**rd, l>i. JtMr^tfi-MlL 

*lliur, Tltoiaui. Km/^. JfuJnVa - cmcf S4, K?ri'f4W4ftf, Eiytuft-p^'k, V. 11', 
kOUar. AIIwM:*). iTiUM-ttXbj^ f, AaiA iTprviiotf. 5X 

aiSoUoArp, Dr. 11. P<trk4vnr^ W* 

VttBit«r, Hli IIi«IIincj,C<jiint. (Anbuiadar of^i Garnun Rtnpin.) 0ivi««ik* 

nUFfd JwrrhTT Cfuli. 

\ ^Momj. ;oK jiii*- ^- ^> iirhMuiW«-4l.. K'. - mtt ^Wtte4f^, WintUnkn. $. K; 
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^ ftplBT, Cipt. Hon* Geo, CoTtf 9/ Jiatri, QrktOajf and C^, U. 

^*llpi^^, Wiltiim J. *i*n- (MvUr *tf Vni^ifr.) I, Qtun^a^varf, WMivmuttr,] 

Jikvrt, 0|ktitii Sir ilHon^ S^, d,, K.Cii, Cj^ fl/ tA* f/^roip^trt Jda^^i 
AW, 
•Nn»mri3i. Oapl. DavtJ J. ft. C4arfe*(-^fMt, £tf<«i«ry*. 
X«al, C*pL Wtlliun. /r^l/ in<i <Vi0^ <7tt!i, Patl^niAll. 

>Hfll-«, €»oT;r K.flix Rnq. I, mUnvit. Wimbi/nim. K rt'. 

Newumii, (S*^ i^m E«|, 7& jim* 7flf Cumltiil, S.C. 

KaWBU, Thnnua HoIiI-wmOl, Kjq. 9, QL CtmJ^UnKl^i/<§, ffj/if-pari, IT. 

>l90S'<fWl«ir, Win., K-i. 1 1 . Mttrf-^'trl, fmjile. K.C. 

lii^nAtMt W., E-q. 2, Ek^rkf/'f^hM, !'niaptt.t-fiiit. IVvh^afitdoW. 
K(^4ll, Hmry John, Kiii, Ift. /ivJfty*wt-jjflf*-, W. 




J?^tf/ Gt0^4lphtrAl S^iHtf. 



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Hied. Wtf., Lt^, 10, «iiUiy-«f»^<«; n4v^»>ifrwi. AR; Md #'a«i«db, 

NiailMk, Viec-AJiuinl Su Frvdrrvk Weil. Erkkmf^ B>rt.C.>* ty fl'afiom- 

'.VulJaOii A^tuiiiU kfriitlmt «L i4 12, j^keii^i JNnMiAfJy. IT.; «hJ CRifM 

^:fTt<U 4>&. ik IT. 
ScnvD, Ctf-t. Clur r* B. Ovv «/ ^'Ai aiU London BvJi, 7<it A'l^ nVb^tfn- 

ti'^vt. £.C. 
Stmana. HL J,, liq. 4, HaUAi-ifpittrf, «?v«MWr-fi£iiw, ^,1P. 

SorthuiDbn-kud. Alflfrnon OpnTfCQ) DukoaF. 'J^ frmronofpttKt, S.W. 
Ko>1«a, Oh., Chi,, UhA- S, (J^ovote'^pfi'v, tl^df-ptfr^, H', 



tf M*iv^. Hvfyat 'inJ Sunt, Laarttm^ I^flmUi^y-lanr, K.C 

OkUr, W. Aug., V-v^, Coffin^fim^lodg*. Jfidirvmd. 




h 



XX 



List of Fellows of the 



¥W 



1845 



1044 



1671 

iR7a 

1B77 
1876 
1870 

\ms 

1670 
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law 

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1i70 

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4. CfffmytMkk^iafe 



W. 



w. 



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V^r «. P.. I3lh Itng&l* 1.^ CriiMdf Afv H', fHtmr, 



park, W. ] antl V^it*d SmSce dub. iL IV. 
'Omnunnejr, H. M„ E*). ffi-McAhrtith, fi^^ 

OmHthntlf* John Kmn-Wiliti^ Lrml, J]4. RfrW^r^iPTuvr, IT. 
*<hiDcn>l, Hcfirj Mart, Bai|. ffmH^J\lon-pvkj Munohraitr. 

Oii|«D, K. II. K Km[. Utirilif. (iriQunliMi TTtil. SniCh JifriaL. 

*0«bom#, Lifut^ol. ^Vj[]oi]|thbj'- PoUlit^i Aye^t, Bh^pi^, S^Kira^ IwH^. 
OwntlU WiiliKn CdII-ip. e»q. Orvw^intfiy^f Kmt. 
"Otrbfrkn M. 1« Chn. 0. ijt. /7{Mj^i^1>nl;. C^re i^f Mum, A'lhff '■"i' 

■Chviioiu» Simnfl, LofJ, ■.*.. n.n,!, 3, r^TrCrBrt-i^arrfnu, AW.; 



JHO-PnUpit, Itolfl. Ht- ChM.» Eiq, n*;/iii>^i-Au/rf» Zflnj/rf^rt ^wi. Ears. 

*P^jaer. C'jipUla Ot*>rgirt R.n. £alti\aH-tuti^e. BUtiM'W^nd, ^ri*lEiDunM. 
*P>]DDrr, John Ltnkm, E«f ,, Siir;^, n.H. 34, ^sc^^^i-^ Hockfttr^^ GW*4fr#. 
PAlmr. JdHpb. Eiq,, H.A., Ac. HWiv. 5aiiur«l. 

■PBprt»t6nU>, OiflrdJC, EiKj., OJe. Can 9f W. fftprntiimK, Et*j,, $,St 
ri/tntr*, W-C. 





Ayo/ Gnr^n^utf/ Sfici*iy, 



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Cart 9f MtMtrt* Ejftrlim, ^Wtfaanf ami Cb^ St, 
JlTovy CM, &tP. Ctf/tf ^ 



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1874 



«i 



IMT 



•iWkh, Ctft. Jobu ^., h.3r. Jrrnjv cnJ 

ISirfcar. Jmnf^ £«q. 45, t^tuttr-tqtuttt, //yd*^ii^, IV, 
iVVin, Gaor^ Lnb, 1l«|. 'J3, fart li^, H'. 

Put, CommiwUr AIM X Cu*-. i^j, Pavt/w^^jUge, iSk^Jt^ft Kent. 

r**, UiM i]*k K^. >, JVMi0i^in-ij>3nilm>j0rni(T, J/,^p4ri^ IT. / dMt TA# 

rflUriObi JoLd, Bui. I&, C^o^«rti-#^ff, /EIC. 

FMIcrvm. Jii. WiluTi, Kaq, J&ivJ'iiuJ, IVhcn^i-y. ^i)fftni0rtf i^., IT.S,A. 

r&lUuuu, Cultiufi Weu, ThM, UJrd, (t, ^^^fHhrad^Ai, &^r. 

P»tl, J, II.. En- M,ii. rAe Tfrniw. CtmbonrfB. 8.B. 
P«J, Jowph, K*i. fwftOBrif-Aouif, 7f^rf#, Itlr of Wiffkl, 
PfeiiII.C4tX. W. A. i.M., lUl.C.. r^itf JLiw. Citrt (jf Xtttra. Wo«dl>atioi 
Co., CWu(^VMO, A IT- 
M9»f«dni, W> 11,1 Zmi„ n.x. St. jMvme^-oioarag^, Romtgatt. 

*f^f^ S.W. 

•Pt]nti«r,Wi]lliun, Eiiq,, P.i:i,iJp 21. Siijfraet^qikirf, 5. IT.; anJ Cdmkmv 
/KiuHt ^iotktvivi, Surrrij, ^ 

/ 



TOU ILTL 



Ixudl 



tht t>f ^€^9^ of ih 



1671 



1875 



1994 





Pnanc, CWpUln R. 3,, K^. 0, H^fJ^-parA^/rtr^tt, IT. 
funon. ArUiut A,, ]jq. fti^unftii-rfiJfrT, fllVt' 
P*choj, Jh Th [•riniiTH*, Kaq. /^y^flnrtoM, ^^w, 

*PHk, sir ITFI117 W^tllim. Dart., u.P. (TirribrfiduThAoiu^. ^.tT*. 
*?cerf Cuptaiu Piiu^gIi. ffoito^inw, CWuAsff^A-. 
r<*l, Itfcghr, |lr>n, Mr RoUfl, B.ri., ii,p.,o.o.ii. 4, W^flM«;f^flrrf*M.|i:iV,; 

'Ytiiam. Halt. Arthur L. StunHHf^ l^toa, fftntfj:. 

*P«IIj'r CaloHl Sir UhIi, K.^.B.i, THnd^Hm Hn^ Hi, /inv/t^^uiiiY, iLlT, 

Oro/(, Waitiutnuiltifi, K 
PnulfOkf. 3»ieQ IE. C Urrlvjt, Eatl uf. n^h4ai(W» SoUHntri/ ; mS 

l3iO*PnulBT, JcLb, l£«q, Id, ArUti^Ion4traat,S.WM 

'I'cnDut, CddDcl 5, S, Donglu, I^Mrh'/jycaitla, Banjjor. 

rr^> linn. WiOtT CourEfno^. UlpfJ^rn f^^, W. Joovi'f.jfiur^, 

aw. 

Pvnr^ FnrieiKa 1^,> £iq- 

pBUii*,Si: KWBric)[, a,P, 71. KmttH-^iuart, W-C.i awi SoMhiwPtptan, 

PfrtifU, Williubj Kh|. JfdktW^t Arjmtiv Ji^pvUic. 

raicr. Jahii, E*(|. C\MMr\aUt>e CM, ^. IT. 

*]-flLhertcik, Jehu. Kfq. 8t. Goran JfatcH. St. AutMl, C^mMttt 
hiUifrU^r Hutln, 07lb lEp^monl. l/Movr-ivdife, ^eimnffi^rt-parA, 

nihl ifc^fvi, ^0, Atark-lane, K.C. 
Ph*jTP, Maj.Jlaii, Sir Arthur, C.Ji., if.C.a.l. ((lovmior cl Mnuril^ui,) Car^ 



HI 





Haytxt Gfcffraphieat Soeieiy, 



I 



IftU 
UTS 



1869 
8» 



mi 



uu 




18T0 




*rtn«, John Suaudt Biq.. tJUV^ tJkA., Wjojk S, tMhrn U rvodt, Ottkkr 

Pbuipps iwwi r.*-. K.^, /t^^oH!^, & ir. 

nimi-jWti^uElitJiuja Bi^. &|, B.U ». ^criUfrr^rtf. CWf^niKn, 
PUUkwrt, K^Admirml Anjualc S^n^§Ut i'mUn, ffanUs mit 

VhllUnan, Chafim Btcot. bq. AW^ MunorJ^mui, Grtai M^irUmi «>^ 

FlaiJlji^, IkrpjDj-aDLiriai att B. TntrlL fAiiY^^I ^trtim CVU>, & H'. 
Hiillrp^UwJ, AuE^ljq. ll, Of.^M St. JUttx'i, IC.C. 

FfiJl[i.C:^.l^rJu.LA]nb(fti>fa]a(M«Cf]«r»J, &i/rvriin-p4r4, nnr OUAMJkm ; 
ami J'-phi/ (TrtfJ iTjCj/ CM, &W. 

PliU^itt Uwkd i\| lUqo UJ>-, U..I>. /bvfr, AifwMIr*. 

?kk«n>CUl ^n- CuiiLil&, t^^. 04, i'rowf'i-var. ^, »'. 
Plm^ John ■|lBi&r#U, U|, L]^tt1«UmU1-«J. 'i. Mtddtc Trnp^t-rmt^ TtrnpU; 
St* MftmiM, BfiM i and £tfom CltJfj 3. W, 

PifoE^ BobL Turds, E-^^, D.C.1» Jtanct^forH, Lm, JTifjif j Afii 3C, i;jii|i^;<C^. 

PigMt, Tbooiv DIgSf, li^i. tt'afVi^, /^(in-mjf, S.tf; 
•Pljoo. ^. A. I'.. E*|. 2»a/Vurtr, A'*«i. 

rillUiictviip Jumcj. L>i, ^fucA^urn. 
*l'iB, CajiUiu Livirurif C\ T., it_K.. K.P, J>diMJv, fin^HCHtf-roAf, ^FF*'' 

Pluor^ CfflDcif] Wltlkia, 30, £rr^r«f-j>9iidfv, IT, 

PlAjl»r, I.i0iit.-CQ]. KaUrt LoniUrt. B.lI.M. CoUiut-ilHian], Algitn. Can 
of Uwr%. B. 8, Xi^ imJ Co., 4&, P^Iln^H, S.W, 




I 




Ixxxiv 



LUt c/ FfUove^ of'tht 



■<ir« ■ 






L0T3 



■Polluftn. CipUki J. J. /Fulfa. 

*P4>ttiu£l«f], Juha Hoi4C«» ViiMUDl. Bi JuA4-*t'«fT Detkflay-tffVat^^ W» 

TonBonbf, The Hon. FmlerEok O^ B. 3, J^omr-frrffrt, tf f^wcviwr-igiHnr, IF, 

P«|iS Cp W^ S»|., U.K. CUiY ^ 17. 7. /W«. ^if^ Cd.iHn«fl. 

PoqU, Dipl. Wn. 3^v. K. (ttOlh lft»Til Hiflw). », OmtO/t-parA, Lnetskan, 

Atttn IHiTit. E.G, 
•Portal, Wm- HichJ., l^i-, M.*, rpa;j*-VrtU*H /^iwr AortfOOrf, ^J". 

Pallcr, Wm- If., Kiq. Ctftf ff tf , T. WAjI*-, /.'ffl/-, A"mraj-<f, TooHflf *omiMit 
IVuniT, Air, Ju0.. 1^^ V,A. d, /iW^wrv, ^-WvJn'i /aa, [T.C 
■Pdundtti, CaftjiiL Loudklt. Jmiof U^itM ^rvUe Ci*^. ^. IT. ; «J Jlfw>ni«> 

Pownf, K. iUwdon, Epq, (Ratinfd Ll>t. Onjloo Civil j^otIm)^ 
Jii^f . TVn^y, ^b(j& IF[Ji:>> 'tnj T^toAeJU/iM Cinfi^ S.W, 

PjWTllll. JaTiti Kiifi, K»^i. ^3, W-UitfrZ-I^Mf^, ll^C. 

PowjT,Tlip HoUh IxwpuliL la, Quiw**^";';'ft*:f, ^.*^' 

Pirdx- CokiDct H, WirJiam. 7Ai Cfumtrv. rivUlfur^t new rertJnn* W!rM»- 

trtnMre. 
PrtfitiM, EJwi/d, e«q, (Tar* of «rt, /T, Wb/ifr. JA* JJnfoiY, 

•Piwrht, A^rrairal J. C, RtUfkltj Cambertfj;, Fant^tt^'StatiO*^ ffmU. 
Piio-* Cltfd™ a, F*|. Ifrffn Derven, NaalK 
ajF^aPriw, K, 'i. M., tiq. 1 , yUtt-^r^ff, F-C. 

Pn«> JanitGlunit. I^iq., lttrrlit»r-iT-Uw. U, /^^iWnff-Ap. 1|r.C 
Pi Ice, J. U., Hi^-, C>c. 
Pncr, «ir Km LmnloFl, BmL -Vwi/ .inrf ir^,/fl«j Cut, PiceaiiUty, W. 
*Vricktlt, Bcr, TiDDUf Wi]U4ia, h.*^, v.ji.a. II. £vj^J'C-<«rraM. CAfAriiAdmj 

Fniletiii, CupL W. F., BqiqUj flUfl* Corj*, C^rtf l>/ ifwrf^ iTni^ and Co,, 





Roycl Geographipal Sontty, 



\XXXK 



,Ut4 



tm 



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IMS 



ahrilf iir. Cir« </ Jterv . H, S^ Skiff Oitf Cta.. U. CbmM JP>C 

■uiuAm, ^L JtaM$'»^fi. S, IT, 

FrvAw, Siw»]*l, >:>i^, (tlHil Mvlft, BvtAn^h f^MJf, Sn FfmvhJA.TFinlJid). 
Ctev p/ £. jr. /'H*«y, /'»/., IT, i,<M/-tf»wf» £.C- 

■*Wi,&irr *ti¥iju»hr U't\ic4 Stmt:* Q*t/\ &^W. 
IVouKi OiwalJ UtlUn, Eiq' L^khm-ftome^ A-nfrt^-parh, 8,K^ 

Prfofl, Hiv, J[». Kwlo. Hffymmtflm-r^irfjt SUtim^}*, litrtt. 
*I\:^E« Litat--Col4od J. £| tTy^'psr^terTaci.Jf. JCtnstH'jtim,S,Wt ■ 
PuUvUa, Joliu Hh, Kai. 3, Pataot-^iU, JCtmatgfKm, \\\ 
Polbr, Arthur G11h.I!jii. j«MfFHvm Cf«4. ^. »'. ; jlr^AHf-'a TJkr^. ^^H*.; rmd 

Yaimffitarjf, Want. 

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S«jni>Dr. Airmd, Ku)., h.p. 4T, J^«fl-f?iA«, 5. IT, 

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■£ib1ry, Gror|«y Eaq^ O.ft. Jho Mvmi^ W^HASI^ CattrKmny Surrey. 
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Mwiti Droytm, S4!*)p. 

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tinlth, John MvTir;, Cir^. I, /«ffl^lr<f-Jrpv«ri, £'.C| ami i^nrttif. 

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J'Uftm'fpalaotn 6-Ww 

itutloD, MhD Ubdmi*. Jbif, K4tftfim-lUUt, Mvrtri iTotti. 

Snia, KJwnH, &q. IVw CiAtntiea ^Jjry^Hnt, ^Mf'vAt TuAiMi 
.TQt- XLTI, « 



XOTUl 



List ^ Fiihwi 4f tlu 



lAoa 
seal 



ISM 

36G3 



SvniTt Rfv. r. r, ir.4. itrmuMf, JSt»Pi^Kclf, Tor^ahSn. 

£vti1, lion. N- J. R, /VrtAri4, ^, J/Wm* kfjnibUfl - «n a/ J. J, Pr^tt^ 

Sdampir, Ju, Wcckt, Dq-, 0-K,, Mi.l, Ahgri/rtanth. 



Tigurt, Fiu^ift, }f«^. 31, OvHn-Ai^'-fanlfiif, J^'nf^^r-'^r 1^. 

Tmir>Af il# UiitiliiH*, Jam-* Talbot. I.nrd, F,n.s. jUi/nAtdt CorfJ', rv, JMttL' 

Cur* 0/ if0Vri. If. J. ffiiifl unJ Cu., 06. CflmAiU, iT.C. 
iS^oTafbr, C. A,, 1^. Hoi^Attm-plme, Maida&nj. 

ltj}or. Goar^ N., 1^. 31, iI^vwAirf-^anlfiu. QAnn'^-gato^ & IV. 

£rMip.jton, IV. 
Tnjlnr, Jai. B#njiUiiin, »(, Fifr^eUi^ l^tur Straatfimn, SwrtJ/. 
TtjLdJ, Rev. Ja>. IIiiIhui, 0, J'yrliiiJ'n**;, jVffi-i*b/Io»-;rPrt, /f. 
«T4]rbt, Jotui, K*<i^ TTid tfocla. Bath ; and Bttoth-hdH, BiaoJtkjf, La%ca^ir€; 

*Tajrln. John FeuLon. tl*q. 2U, Nfw-timi, ^jrHri>;>j^rtlf«i, 5, |V> 
J&Su*Tk^L<j:, Jvliu ^a)iKt> Kiq- tl.IXU. CuiAii] in KLijiJi>tui, Ulaibciif. Ar« 4^ 
ifcHri. (/Urim and Co.i -M. i'arfijwm^-vlrcvr, ^. IV. 
•Taylor, Jfllm Stupl'ord, Knj,, B.C. I , .?/vui^*/-J, ^^ ^HU-t&wf, ZiwrpWfL 

AT. IV. 
T«)lai, Wu, Tllduid, lwi,> Dtiiuty-CuuinLliHij. Arl ffpor^tf, /rtrfrwig^AtfA 
T«iilja, l-kiit-t^Lornl William, a, I^ flrflf*, Hoffiwi, SoaU A'mfiiytoii,^. IT. 

T*lf«r, Commr. lluctkUi, R,ir, 11h ^ifUHr./i/uctff CxrZdV^^unre, ^ IV. 



I 
1 





ISM 

ins 

ItTO 

im 

m* 

un 
itra 
ir» 

1tT4 

lies 
]«n 

lies 
i«« 
im 

1854 

IWS 
1««t 

IW7 
1U7 

1I» 

1309 
l»T7 

mi 




T«rafiU| Sir Hidvd, B-OAl. 

*Tbt»(Jw, CtbiKl, II. I.e. 
Themai, €hM, J^»in, F.n|, »8, (^wt't-^^, S. W. 
Tlianup, <J, R*q. 

TAnmjiucu John ijsi^ Kii| , M.A. St. M»p*$ CbHfljK J'tfoMoiR, £.£r; 
TliiitBtrtaat Udpr tl-, IWefal J>Uf Cnji*. Oon 0^ Jf«Hr<. 0r<Hd^ and Oa.t 
W, rv/^mml-frfW. ATT, 

ThoitipHin, Llpnt. Rlobnul, itx. 22, 3L Mur^a. titifinL 

ThfiiDKTi, Jnmrii Diiacu, Kiq-, FortngHH CobjoI* 4$I. tUttr^t ufamitr*, 

TbomuD. John, Ew^. 13, Kljjin^ffanttim, J^nt-raiJ, BrMtn, it.yi\ 

*TI]fim*f>ii, l>muLi] Ffir^iitnn, Kji|. f7»afv n^ Mnvit. {fUritn md (?a., 4.1, tar* 

tkmLmt-4tr^L 
'TEiiMiunii, THamu, Evit^. m.dv, rJU. d, /'DMcr->Urra?f, JtfattJ«taitf. 

Ji^trtha frtfrfOfuA v-f . 
ThArol'l, IE«v. A. A. .11 , fhrriDv^^nf, W.C 

TUrpf, Wtdp GWo F'^^ r-o<*. C/iWialcv^aUH, ^onUoIT^iH A1^-f tftii 

Thfla^ Sir H<m7f K.C.n, 18» Q»P*^ Aiuvt'i^^t, S.W^ 
Ctre t4 Msttrt. OMton and Co., ^^ J^nftumeM'tircaU 

9» 




LUt i>f Fcliows cfthc 






Thjillli#r, Oi|it H^- R.* H,i;. Jlf.-«M, Kityj and Cfl., Pali'vutt. 

Thnrlow, Th* Right Hon, Lord. Ihttphail^ /b-m, XB. 

Tlghe, Col. I'lftJ. Tfie Tritfiy. ChHMtiAHrf^ rfanfi : and Travrireti' Civli,S.Wt 

TaaM^ Suir-ConicnLiii4[iU' J^ l[., n^x. liyS}-^jrtpkic-<}Jfkt. Adairaity, ^ IP. 

'F&M, K*v, Jfthn W , II. n. TWnp-*.iJ;, >V^rftf-Atf/, .Vy-tfuAflm, ^V,/!"^ 
lulleuiiwJt*, [loo. H*niUli«i. 8* -*i«. Jiimc^t-tijUQrT. 1^, W. 
•Tonl^D, n«(irf* Tiddj, C*q-. rJLA. r7imi#-^uu, ll<iH<ntf4lit, CanUr^.'^. 

Tdctw, Sir Ibbert KJchanJ, K.CK.a. 13, (Awt*^ ;ifa(W, IT.; ofii JAr £a(> 
iTt/iTi, near AMhburion, ffavth X>ffon. 

TtfHTitUi-iii], Cumtjuaidar Jafan» a,B. 13, J/<waii£a^-rocai> <74|iAam, S.W. 

iqjoToyDto^ Copt. II-JDIJ, 13. C^r Wwlfrwrn^fflmtw^ H', 
*T«r, IECTk IL I'm u.*. £*fff*^ CWl*?*, C**^. 

TrnnrnhMTt, Liout^fltwrtl C. W„ c.»., ft.i!. 1, A*rgVrf*i^7iwrf, JSa^noater, 

Tntmlm, R»t. Fniiurt«W-.»-A.,l^ai,^Fii.DH BahUt-fiarK ^fv^t^. If. IT. 

'Trnicht UflJDt thn Han. La P<rir, KhJL 3^, JTydd-jiar^w^Jtfiu, n^j 

Tn^trvU, lU*, I'ftlcrtc*, St. John-^^-n^, yr¥-pcrr, Mt of WT^f,!. 
Tnataft\A, iLkcfaiird nn P.. Ehj. llj. Cvrn ^fiM'^i;tff, IV'ffiffrtiiuJr', 5, 
l^&oTrtTtlfAh, Sir Ch«rUi Kdmnl, Han, K.C-t^. I> ^Ti^ttvno^frrtiTntr, £1 IT. 

Ti*vpJ>An. Sir Woltar OJ^flrly, iVarU U.A.. #.a,*., f.i.,*., r.R.>.x,4., &Ch Alht~ 





Rat/ill G^«Mpvij>At*fvi7 Sofnety^ 



1H0 



TriadtT, Hj. Wni.. F^. (J<w« jlnii^t-maiiMiM*, AW. 

Trlrvlt, CiplnLii John t'rvlb., LV.t. r4« //i'if4'>tAhl. f/df.bH/jKQi'k'iHf'. Jk^*^- 

TTOtWff CWjitBln J. Moubrtj, SatitUBJ Jfiiitaru Ctut, J'tiianUltr, W. 

T^Dh, Caj'Uln CvortB, ILir,, C.X Army and ^attj Ghi>, A W, 

Tnck^LI. Vr&iKit Koi, Etq. FrciuAdy, n^ir h'rmUil. 

Tuckfilt, I'tilip D., E"]- JoufAinjoJJj*>i, Ht'jfi^aie. .V- 

TuiUir, KJwurd Ow«iJ, Efc;-, T^A, I, PuriuQoi'iitrvU ffru^efMr-AjMr^. Ifl 

Turner, IL C. E*^. Mulru CtvU ^ rkrf . H, 5f. /aiiw/i-aviiun?, £ H: 

)9«oTgrwr, |Jwtf,-(;«n«ial Hsafj BIqK I^oinb. Kn£, 1:l1. /Tdfffy-trrwf, B; 

Tannr. Jal Editird, Eiq^ W. yinj^tfnt, Chfaptiikt £.u. 

TVwlK CajiUln MIiJbpU «,fc. :il. Tiiriunij-wtt Oorfrn. 

Twyfajtl, Captain A. W., Slit lliiuan. (74HrHr| C/>H<y JVueii. ^v^ 
T/UuT, Culuurf W. ITtucr. jdrfjur*, /nwmm. 



Ulliill. Butty. Iiq. I'uttT-'wiJ, J*4P£tfVviH. 

Uiwl<rhill, £1wi] Btmi^ E*|., LL.iy. DrruvnJWwJ^f. nurfao-rtud, Hmtpm 

UHber, John, fc*i. /rtAur'j <7ii^ St. Jarw^ntrwl, g.W. 



ou 



TMrsf 



Ziit of FtHoiDs of the 



la&fl 



UTl 



IIUA 



^m 



iwa 



*^^u4«rK;l, I'.G., 1^. U6, Harte^-^rnit W, 

Vnnrfrnvii, |,n<vU^CaI. Adfliui l>>i)eji, KfnfDl StiO' C01711. 40, CJarAdtA-fOEii^J 

*7iitBiiuuf, t?ilt Il<ci(y M.^l^^n. a, ^;f;«r ?n4rtfiiOf-ijfr-cff» 11' 
ViiTUiHiiEi', JunU, 1^"!- A'tidcUc'V, fL«ir J»TVfio<vA>, Ken{^ 
VwiJ»i. LwuL-CdI. thr Huh. Cliu. Suif tli. /lUkiLu' i'uileJStrr^ €(t^,3.W^ 
jciio*Virtktr. Tilt Hcd. H. P.. LL.O,, U.U. C«ud ■! ClHWit*. 1, 

V«mc<r, TAwurA VTJiigrWld, Kiq , H.t-. 7^ Ask*. Brvy, Irtfand. 
'Vvrujt Cvibiui'h I^itniouJ U^. u.Kh /i^ialiv.u P^^^S^i i^*"^f^ K'jiK t 

7?rbJ4U3, JpiDHi> WUlt-r. Eurl nf, Corfiitti^afu, near Si, Aiff<m*M ; Bitrrj/-ki 

*Viiuciil« (^pt, Chw. (Itlo i.ir,)H 5(1. lonMiUr^^t Xatlinij-MU, W, 
Vlnoal, John, Ev^h 1J. [TrMrr-f^mri*, TT^VH^'t^rA, i^.H'. 
*Viu«aS U. C.. £iq., Prorcsmr of Eccuiomic OtoKiff AnJ UaMlnrm-j latpvtor 

ViAf. ^liiir'CcTnmHWia,W.,K-3i. Cart 0/ Jtftttrt. t{otittt ond Cfi.,Si. H-afitm'*. 
VlflM, WlHlMO ll#yBolO*, £■!., r.JLAX Cart ^ Sydoffn S, FW^ f#l>. 

Wvion, k'Mia. lUIph. ?*, ffrwPrtiWMftwf, IT. 

VfH, arLfSu WlIlJJ■n^ l!xi. ^J^^ru aAuiCfl A'y>/:H, ^./. 



W«i1«, Sir Tbu. Fm V-O^il. JI.U.V. hhiii<irr I'lfnipotrDtlBiy, Edtvjt £itn- 
onUailTt wl fiTJiwriDltarlBtt at Tmilf. /'tfftiiy, diiu. 




RoyJ Gtc^ajM^ &xiHy. 



l«Tfi 



]«at 



1070 



^WnffilolT, WllLiui Iticrto, Stfn, V.D„ M.a. 

Wjikrfj. Thm, rinttiLTr|r S>phiiiiu, l>q-, c.r, Qbfty.HjfFnM, O——^ 
WftlburD, f^JmoDd, &*i., m.a„ rrlBdpnl *i£ CSrWHMr OAn«c*k Ml^, 
rttfei, ATT. 

Wnlkir. EdwiLiJ lUuij, &q., U.U. Cuuvitt Ht CitlUii, C*^ '.f Xatn, 

•WJk«r, Fntkrii^ J«ha< Erq, 77*^ /VVnT^y, TiMvioh, Path. 

lodoi. Acim DoM, /kA^- Can t^f Meatn, S, S. l^mQ and Cb., 65, 
Cvnhai, E.C. 

WoUitrH John. C>q. lA, LvH^hffQrvnsh'Twadt. Kbiil Z>^d<m. 
•W.litr, Jiyhti, K«,. 
'W*Jk*r, CopUliiJohn. njH.'i flBlh PwU Sroom-J^OJ, Cikhnl^. 

tVMmr. Khy. Wiltinn. OramavtrtcfHnt. tftmlty^attk, C^fan-M-^ivm. 
Wallof, EiliLijiiiI, £#q. Ji^4-t^r0fff, n'uf^^<ni«Cw. 







1874 

W3 

1175 

IS&A 

1373 
lAfl3 
UN 
IST« 

1074 
1»S 

lBf4 

UTfl 
I8«4 

im 
leTo 

ISAB 
1073 

1«74 

leee 
tm 

1897 
lfl74 



ma 

1A74 

1874 
lSd3 
197& 

IJU9 



Wt]|wl«, LffuL Eo*«rl H«ncr. HJr- AlaiiilAofp?, n#ar AVflioA ■ and 4, /Wi- 

WaIiIms OnpU 11- I^ HatGhEniUD. Slngipon. Ov* n/ 7^. /VUfflf7£oii, JJVf,, 
J.r-, WatffTfmrk. Etitiu, trchaul^ 

"Witthaiu. ^Imrd. Uai. IVntoorufK-AoiM^ SlvcAtoetX-jirrtK, ff. W. 
VTalicn, J. W., JCtq. 41, ^nr^if ^iarflortitii^h-itfttt, H' 

Wudp EdttEn, K>q.,r^J^^ 49p W^monSMfHtJ, ff, 

Wanlf Jm„ K*i|, 2, CAtorMfN/iflM, ^ri/'ii^C Ow* qf /. A. JSor. £i»7,. 

Wild, Oiplwii lb* fl«i. Wm. Jbhn. it,7. f/.U!^. ' OtoibriJifft flynV'-^ 
Wnirt, WtltiAn l^hprt, Kai^, Ovwflf^dmrKoa^^Pfls ^AKtf^AiMw 

W«rcilvw, John, E»i. 4<, Prvvf 'd ^^i^/u, /Iydffnrk,S.W* 

ff«rf*, Arthap P., Kjii- 109, Oniiou>-i\j>kir*. S. W. 
Wiirrr, Hiynr-««nral H. J., C.n. 35, CuOajM^pIoef. 5. W. 

Wiii«rhDUi», i^turpp MinlfiD, K^. Can of Mtart. Jforrinn «wl <V, 4. 

IhdiitL ^'rrTtf^ofvf;ai0rar4>ojn(f, (^Wci4l<ii. Cart tf Main, TriUnteratri 
Wmlgr^J. H. Kruf»l. fiw^. Cart i'j 2tmn 

Witli4nKni<<p 1^^, Sao. ]>iibi1iL TV 

Watwi, I'ifliL Cliu. Utfitv, n.t, 
WaiwD. June*. Eaq, ^. £ 




««l1lUM,9l,AUa^' 



f>M-*»fBhtnl 





R^ai Ges^raphteoi S&citiy* 



cr 



l*7'i 

.1670 



UTI 



law 



Vfaliorir Sr iaiui. Lord l^vnrt of OlMgow, ft> H~i>v£itdh4vfaH, GAm^Au. 

WbIhju. Jbiac%, lilsq.. DartiaLei-at-tAw. Zusi;/f/-^iur, ttrkjley^ Svt-ka, 

Wstua, lfr}b4f| S]>vn4.-«. t!v), if>tj L'<^/r, fJi^r^AAi'^ii^ T^rnf ■ 

Watt, Lhjbcrl, K^.^ c,£. jljATtfj^tfiVfiUd. titlfaat. 

WtktU,Jvhu, £h|. AV<tm<w-r, Hfliir UAwj«lfi'. 
)llO*W]igighpUiij.'tl4iii«nJ<^irAn(lnwSMlf, ITun^kl Kof^iittn. B" n.r., lite SDrrvjOF- 

Whi^i. Pnc C^MaLldba, Ea|., H.A. Offord lull Cefobr^g Club, PalS^tfiatl, 
SVavdif J. Lonl. r.iui^, L^ T, Xwllfy^fiUrf. tt'. ; and nirton-hail, lIiirfatttfH. 
Webl>, iilmiitl IS., Ejq., tt.. hf, Oj. f^or^^^Mm. ^f'dihnfwjdr, 5.TK 
Webljf J- (-% K«i^ ii.n, U, /^wr ii^^Trvicff^rnvf, ^ IV^, 

*\\\hb, WaiUn VnJtilck, 1^, Ntu^ttjd Aihen, M%tt* i ond Anny and If^ry 

JtSO*Wffb!wi-Snait!i, Hiy^ir-Ctn*™! Jbhim- Cup* </ Mr$. It. J*. JfcfufTrfy, £Iai^ 

Wrid. tiforijr, LC^. M, CjH«m^*-v?f^'^'p lij^dt-park^ S.W. 
Wm*, J»., K«|, 14^, ^f. G^Qr^Vnuf. i^W.M. ^H". 



en 



Lui itf FcUmni^ <^ tii€ 



lars 



Wl'IU, Sir McMaUELt, Inig Olitef J'Dlun* Jwt^, £Wb^ t04, £«f;>«M- 

\V«1X lA'rlJkm, Ktq. ^^, /^itOfMrrHT. IT.; tad A'tdlttf, i^mtkml, i'ffiC 

Wvt, Lint|,<ol<iiii<] J. I'soifil*, 

Wnt, lUjiLioiUiL, t*i1>* i^aib, CI*, :j«rvi«. 

^i^VfatraAof]/. Cluils II.. £*q. 1 i», Aapir.tv-<Tmv>ir, KfTitir^vn, W, 

WntiimoDlt, JViiiiur, D<t. JfAerwwn Clult &1I'. 
WortiflBMU, C. Vain-, luj], 

Wntnb, Alf^h AiLilirj'dufkp £h|.. V^. 7i> CvA'^^dff, ^LTT 
Wfrtwoftd, John, C«q. S4. <Wm^ri-il/w/» i'.f, 
•Wflj-Inj.d. Jolm, Kill., r.n.i, tr^ruiatf"*^'" AV/uW- 

jtjoWhvtiR, Re*. J, C. Jiinfor ^i^mriufl CUt, Fi^icaiiliif, H", 

•WiiiL'loTi, Cdftiinr, Wm. Jii". Llj>yrl, ILTI> IFM^S^ ' Ftiun.' 

■rt'hlihaw. Jump*. Kbh., r.**. 3?, /^ift«irjift/>*^tmrtf, SAV. 

stnattt^ O^, ff.W. 
Vihitr. ArtliLi, l>i. T^f Ccdam. iTiiirimfrrnnith-rtttl^ W. 
YfhiiiB. L&?uL. Aribuj Wdlv^/, r.a. 2, IVitf-er«9Hr»f, A^Ali/^ufi^^ccv 

WhJtP, l^nscu W., l^rr). S'i'vfp*}, CK:ni^ Cfr# of J, D, CampA^!, ^Pj-t 

Whjto^ RyUn 0*cii< Ki*!, T^W fKnry, /.flrlWtojj^ ^.JT, 

WliEu-, VV. A., K>^., II.M- Comu], Dciuuin. r<u« y ff, C ^ifJoJ, Eti-^ 

'Vk'hit*. Wlllftm O., I<>*<i. lO.Zrw.!'.. £'.C.; onff /Tdnii/tfjtf, ntar Vanta^J^ 
Xnt. 




Royitl OeoffTophfcat Socirty. 



ctvit 



11671 



1873 



1»» 



la&o 



W^LriVtnl, Jiihn, f>i, <lir« 0/ JtffifY. fffn<<a^, tfoaifiPB urf <^, 1?, A. 
yr\ilUavt. Kvv. ^ J. 3iiaua. SvnCA Poc^jf?. Cbnr ^ Acv. /, ifiuVciu, Zwn^ 

Whftf, Ju., K»i. 

WllklBs J. B., G>t< *. rvpwfifitiidi^', tnntr Tmptt, r,C, 

WllkUwn, t^nJekkE,, £-!>, 1L.1.. ir^Jmftw, A'a^ ff.f . 
Wllkiuoo, J. J., E«q. ;>. rrrAfrii-ifrvft, f^itf mrMf^. T, m 

mni%*'\*. Vm^bthmm 0-, Kki, o*« */ Ww^ ifdW, a:*/^ xrw^ /A>t^4flWl■, 

Anr^^, ;^..7tU, .for/vy j unJ Ao^^'f Hv^tt, ThoriOo^, BnJ/o'-a, Tor^Mi^ 

WlULonii^ H*nry J^inpft, fUq, i:>, lUKfof^i^V^eikf^ PofMmt^ II'; and «V, 
WiJli4ni>. lUpiy H,, £■«). It^. Omjcin-rD-HlL JT^IC. 

W.||Um4, iu^LH, tLK|. 44, i>MV4«^%> IT. 

Wtltlftmt, John llubiri, K^f. ^>ni~«- OWfM OuR ; dnJ Tlr Cfdtirf-AofiEVP,' 
•Wllllitmii. MlPhncl. t<n. 7>^y'MJ/Lnn, S«ifn*r, t'OtfiJMJ'r 



CVIU 



T«j<l 



List cf Feliotrg of the 



1875 




WiIKaiti*. Mi^r-OrncnJ Sir Wm. F,, Itnrt,, it.Q.K^ f.at. A*m^ *»4 Jk'dty 

WiliiNinx. W. SHtm, l-^i , W,n. Jfofj.j/ KHklfJurm Hotfoot, &£", 

•WiHii, M™j,>r.<:i*n»nKJ- H- S,, CH, t^ifH ^^ni'- Ctub, faa^tnaa, AW^ 

JjlcWill^ WilliMn Htnry, Knq, J-T>. Mi-rffianUlflJi, CT^nn Aiwfi, ffrmCo/. 

WiluLot, Ale>,E-i|., jpr, f'*yriEtitiiiioik,Mff<fnBaji^ff,A. Can of J!. VHtft 

Wil»ti, Major Churl™ Willuun. ft,!. tW»m« Surr^-ffffhit Pkimr-yarkt 
Dviiiin. 

•Wilwp, JUminil ThDOMJ, I, Priwe't-iiuildif.jK. C/iftmt Sri$tot. 
WllvDU. Willitui Thuiuv, tmi^ ^fuC--. near Calatjn*. 
U'ilifhEre. Uct. TKumu, U.A.. r.OA, r>L,f^ 3^. 4JnMxiti«-parA, XwhUfis 

*Wii>cli, W. KlrhnM, Kin. Jh*«rfA Mi/PvaJt-pafk, tUtJtftil. 
Wiiiijlintci, C, A„ C«i. C?';r«<JiT/ C/t^, IT. 
W]Ddiwf«i', ITia Moil Hon. flw Min)<iU nlL U, ^''Kfiy, W.j oM Aa^joH ^ 

WlMar,ThDinM Bconruia, Ei^. ADO«>-'t-Af^^-^J'^ A^r^tAnrA.^X 
Wlmian. nfl]t(uln Sir Win, lUrt- Can of Msur$. Com and lofiJmtM/i, J, 

Skuidwi«ih UltadM. Cwt of M^MVM. O'Brin and Ct.. l^ FttFt£immr-*l.,S.W. 
Wculthuit**. Kill 3-^i(^lBiicy 3Jr Ph^Itp, K.aa. Qirfrtur fif Uumlaj, Ort (^ 

.fUftfiuf iMit CM, 17. 
WiiDB*»U, Jph, E«].« P^J. Jh, WtAJMrnAo^t^ JMnarfl, 



Bt^ifoi Gwfr^^Akal Somty, 



CIS 



luis 



Wood, CnpLntii Aivundvr (Bmibiif SUfF Cvp). iMiM-ft-%tfp 4U>'y-l'>fl7tf> 

Wend, Clm.. Milium. IC^. lle<±sMu^. Ahbijf W(»S, iCftit: ami Jtmiur 

AXAfntrvm O^, W. 
WmJ, CilUrt, E*i- Ftf<tf*^ W^irmt-ftwJ; ^rjipy-Awitt, iTi^r. 

WgoJ, VlfijtFT ItFrT^rt, il>:,, Frdlow E(a|»EiiJ Riwan Ga'^mpLin] 3«cif()r» Cor- 
tmd f>., M, fflT-KtintfiWlrfirfj S, W". 

•AVood, ftirh4T-l rtmrj', fiii^i rjul. /*nr*m-A9i«w, /ItJi^fti/. 

Wfmllfiiil'l* MnTTwv. »|-, U.l.Ctt f'fmnTmf CnAvila/ K/mnfftr, Vapt Vtf^itr 
Jtfifiifi^ Co.. MarwqmUnid^ 0>pt 0/ Ooat Itopt. 43, Ittdbrvkt^nt^n^ 

Noltinn-Ml. W. 

jj^^Wui]*, ttiih. Can'. T^iij, Cc^j^ u/ JTeaw, iTirii? (Dki Of.» (Vfi&ifJ; JT-fX 

WnmU, I:**, W- J-i R.4_ r.^innnpton. 

*WnTins iWnFi TiAirg* jIil 17, f'arln^inKmf, PwtUsnii^liiM, tV, 

WvrthmjlEtEi, J. }U]I, Kai|. AfUin-iiill, Ojlirt, utur HirJimlia^- 

WDiiob, William Ci., Ktq.. M.i>, 15, L'fruwKfi'rtn. H'.C 
VTraiO^, Clemrnt L, E«|. ^iu-r o/ ff, P. Wra,j^e, Ea^., I'riar!f-^rt,n. ^itj^ 
btatQA. IHrTntHijfvnn ; and Thylvt't Kaitticat Ac<tdtmy. lOt, ^tnoriu. L. 
ja6a*Wmr, Cw,, K«i,, F.u. 38, Ch*Mtrr'Un\i^, Jtr^anl'i-fort, 2f. W. 

*WjB«, ATlwl If , Kh|. y, /<4ii^A4ni-0Aami4n, Piirtli\fld-yi<tst^ W. 



T«rB, Jfhct Y-v\., \.Ul>* 7| i'fLTH/0rt-r7vqrr, C^^^foif, J/i^ti^iVfA. 

Yofk, Mai U«T, WOwnThoowarAmbblfhopor, f.h jl^ ^itfVo/MfUvTv, tont. 



ox List of Fellows of the Royal Geographical Sociefi/. 



Ttvrf 



Ls&a 

1877 
1375 
1857 
1B3S 
J 874 
1830 
IBIS 
IS7Q 
IBS? 



jiTcTorkfl, Li«nt,-GiDar>L Br Chul«i^ JC,03. 19, 8auih-Kt^ ar^tomjr-tqtarty W. 

Yorke» HBtU7 FnmcU RAdhvd, IJiq. 103, Eaton-aipurt, 8,W, 
•ronlf, Frwkrkk, Ejiq. 4, Montagu-atrtet, SusKU^uare, W.€. 
•Y^oung, Sir Allw, Knt, 1, 5f. /omeyMirtrf, S. TV. 
•young, Chiiri*< Biiring, Eaq. 13, %ir^«rt*T™tfe, W, 
•roimg, ChK-1^ Edward Biirfng, Esq. 12, ffyde-park^^trraet, W. 
'Tfinngt JKiuAflf Eiq. 

TouDg, JuDH, Eiq, £tUy, WemjBa 3<t^, by Qr^ettock. 

lJ79Yale, Coboal Henry, CB,, Bwgd Ea^nctn. 115, Qioftcnter-rvad, Stmtk 
Keruingtrm, B,W: 



( c^i ) 
LIST OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. Ac., 



CHEAT BRITAIN AND lUELAND. 






AoMlCULTi.'i:i4t,PN!i?LlVl [ KhJ^ &]) 

Arm«ri>ii>;irHii. linirtTB 
AjTitivAiiJM. aucitrr vr 
XmiJarTvrT%, hrr. or BHitiiii (Kn^tl) 
AiiTt.^cK-iirrT or 
AiiATJu J4iHik-ri (Itiryftl) 

AniEV-ai'ii Ci.m 

BuiTuu MuiKEiu, Ljii^mt «r 
CAHUBiDaL Ut[oii MOivrT 

-^ tlAlvKBMTl LthlLjhhT 

CttLflnAL Orrici 

DlIHUI. KOTAl' iHUll Af AJtmt 

^ Thinjii CoLuajiLiiiiuuiv 

ColL) 

^Tif J.iniiAiEV 09 A«T(^ 

Kddoatiov KiPAimiinn', IhTPB&iit or 
EiuinttHPi» l-rfTiTurLEih i>rCitLL 

XniKifFii 'irncr, J-innAnt i>p 
QhOUiuiiiAi, i^uurii 
<tuL«>TiMt>iri;ii or VtkAiOTirAt 
Guuioow, \ATtjji4L HmnHY HnciffFt at 
, rjiiiotoriiitAL BCPUJtTT (Cqa' 

tiiTiLuuti.L Ltbb&bt iV. H. (^vonlJ, 

HfiiTTTflin-Tmi * I, SnnifTV (Knjnl] 

HlrtiL LlTEmAHV AHO PniLOh>MtlVAL 

SOnPTT 

buiA Orrru, LmrtABf vr mt 
noam aw 



LiTviAririiK, iLor^bSocrcTTor 

'tiivifirrnTfi MinriTmiii MaTFf Xmo- 

'ldiimj« LiBrt4Ri. Tui 
M*.i<ciiiutij, Cut riiiLM'i LuibAir 

■»— — ^ ri» Li'LuUiv 

• .^^ — LrtuiAUC hIXIi ^iuv 

tnriKaALfiodcTr 
McTEAiinLvuii^AL Orrice 
F%B.ir<^4FrLS'injFi-Tr» Litduuv AUtt 

PmuaaorttiCAii I w titftmm 
iHmiin, Tnr ItoM.ti'hiii l.iBBABr 
■— . JlAVCLtm OrviciiT^TnlCT 

AkaDf:iAriOH 
ButAL Ah-Tiu^Exr InnTmov, WcoL- 

^^^— ^^^^ l4lSn4llT. WoOLVTtCltn 

RcvAx DuBuv Eocim 
&DTAL l^ii4]ihhi«>*Ltnri4n]u[r»H|iM)ta 
C»« of Wbf (Wt**. Whiinhdl, a*, 

8oci*tt 

SALAiin UoTAi' MmrrM a»» I^ibbabt, 

ScOTTnn MrmiioLHJCAL KonMTT 

dTAri CoLLJHu;, Fahxaobuiiuie Statiok, 
Hakt* 

STATTfttOAI' EOQlVTT 

TuniDti IkiAftP or, UpiiiVT or 

TBATBl-l-llti' CttB 

1 viTrnKrPvirt iRvrirriTrrtM (K4tjm|) 

u.r. 

Wail DtrAnriUal, TonxiAAruiCAb 
ZonUMieAL StWlFtT 



EUROPE. 



AHfTBI^nAM. Dalotl<iK)gTllpU»l 990. 

^^^^^ . HotbI A«j1' of l^kPT>0«t 

4'Ari/fiFt 
(.liilvi»nilty Ipihrvy 

Aimdtma t>f HalanaAi 
0«agrKpblwMi GoiaUjohaTt 



AJTfwnr, 



yp^* — 



BiBM. 

Bvoin 



CmUTIAHU 
COTBIHIAOVI 



DABtf*T'UT 
DUOH , ^ , 

Dhbdbti . 

fBAVErVBT 



Ru^tl l)«nlBh OnJiMnca 

SLlfV5/ 

of Niirlh- 

tnt AiiUi|Liftricfl 
GBorHphLc^l SdRlaty 
AwdcEulo tleii Suloucot, 

SffitliTifoI Sfir^iery 



^H GWUKTA . - . 

^H 0X310* . . - 
^H •QOtllA - . 

^^M nAou (mi) 

^H Baiab Atri> 
^^1 BAvmima , . 

^H LllBDH > . . 

^H MuHLiD > - ' 


Utti&Jis prsMntad with ' 

EOBOPE- 

C■*■^graphicnl Sonlvfy r-t 
. Son. of Ntlunl lliftvrj 

Rujul lii*ihulb firr (»«- 
gMphy •«■! Kt|jrn"Hlfl|[r 

4»f A«U]PrlViili Indin 

GumoA Critic t*l SociBl^ 

, VctpIh von ■''rDunildii lijr 

. CoiamimAit CrqUiil twiv 
iean«n[« ilpGfngnjtliu 

, Itufiil Ai-'iiJ vf 'AcicDcn 
, f«DnjfnptiiCBl ^ocioty 

^iH^jH^ t}a GBOQTaplLiti dft 
, lt»lff l»ll[DtD LniD- 

hiircl« 
, BiiirinEliMup Cnmt* 
MllitAln 
CoofiT^pMeBl So^lHy of 
. n.njsl LjliTitry 
. Iiifttilut ^«tiollal 

aA.li-4 {MiuiiEiii*r, M t 
. BlbllDlliMuc Tt«lE'>(iKte 


Journal ' and * J'rcetediJtffs,^ ^^M 




neni iiojrnnilQXrl* ^H 

FiitlaDilf ^^1 

-SiM]^4 dA G>Q0nphL* ^H 

, Bujjnrl&D AQAdflffiyaf ^H 

, Rnh«nil4rL Ifoyid Mo' ^^| 

•ffiuti ^^1 
. Arorulpmk AfA LIdhI ^H 

, Mlal4(fy 0' Pu^Ua In- ^H 

. KfifJonnl Litiruyor ^H 
Ki Jn|]<vi«l Ao«d«iDy of ^^| 

£«i 4(1411 » ^^1 

4^«<lEif1qu« d* la ^H 
. Kayal .Voadgm^ «f ^H 
- TkluiiUit^l l.ibrnry ^H 

, ArmcnitikCmiteitLLlb. 
, InptjrJA] Ai^Joinjr of 

, Inprrifcl (•cin^«phlc»l 

^loly 
, lni]i«rtft1 L~f#iito|f1fu1 1ii< ^H 

«ikLir< ^H 


'PlAflDI . 


9t, rrrtMHCi 
SrocilKciLii 




Sthasddiui , 


^1 Pahis - . . 


•IJTJtJiCIlT - 

Viiuha . . 


■ 





. DepAi Uc U Guerro 
, IVpot de tft Hkrin« 
. MlalHtl<r« clo la MaririQ 




^^ 


^^V C^bODTTA 


ct dta <.'eloDJcl 
. SocWM d'EUiuuKriipJi]« 


ZatiiM . . , 


, Sixiliiiy vf Autltiunrlo* ^H 


AS 

. AASfttl«Sod«lTorB«ngBl 
a»nlogln] lliirvey at 

, PubLla LitrKFy 

^rrty vt lji4)ft, Li- 
l>Fuy of 
■ AilMk Sod lot J 


lA. 

KCVBACUIK 
UAtBAI . . 
EH^miHAl . . 

Slim AroH , 

JCA. 

EMdlTlAle dc C 

lie Uljrary 

RICA. 

Draxil • - . 

CALtnilllllA , 
Cjucado ^ . 

Cltlt-B , . . 

Uuioo . . . 
Kr» HAvnr. 


AJuiDnn ^H 
. liHp'uy fend I'hllnKjihi ^^| 

. JouniAluf fbdUn ArOid* ^^| 
(^pri|i1i1(} ^^H 

rlilot] lumrur^ u1' 
- AcHrlrnij dl'NnlcnrpB 
. Tho NfwI.Jbriiiy 

I'fiit'pfflily (»f 
, <itUirnplilAl And Kr*- 

HiUeat Society <»f 
. Talff CUlwn Libmin 
, SillliDAS'i JoaroAl 


■ 


^H I>»IIIA DlllW 


^H Bovnrr 


AFO 

CAfta flofli^uf 1 

CArBT«wn . . Tho Pub 

AM£ 

. I^ew YoTk SUtd U- 

bmry 
. AnxilrjitLHuclftybf ArtH 

brarj 
. I*ubll5 LlUa-rj 
, Soelary of NftL filt- 


t 





InHitutiom prexenUd with * Journal ' and ' Proceedingt? csiii 



AMERICA— c(mfVftu&f. 



Hev Tone , , GvogT«.phLc»l 8od«(j 

(Coopflr'i lutltuto) 
PniLADELrnM, Acidemj of Nktnrftl 

, AtnflriDAU Fhlloflopldcft] 

, Pncklln !n>dtal« 

QnEBEc . . . . LLbnii7 9f thv PuUa' 

ment of Cwwd« 
Saleh Ftftbodj Acadtvy of 

.... Tlw' AmerlcwjNBtnrmliit' 

Saei Pa4Tf GXSCOt UtruDtUfl lib. AiHnl»< 

tlOB 



St. Locii, Mlifonri, Aoadflinj of 
S«]«waof 

Tuu Soul* UDlTortltr 

'ToiDJTTo. . . D«p«rtiaaitofFnWlolD- 
•tnotLoD for Uppov 
Ctjudft 
Cuadim InstlCntB of 
CoDgTOM Lfbrkn of 
Smluuonlu Imtltiitloii 

. tr^B. NftTftl ObwTMorj 

. UnltfldStotMGMlogloU 

Sarrtir of tho TttTTl- 
toila 
WomonriB , - Antiqnurlu Sodfltf 



WAIBIfrOTOH , . 



All>LAT1>C 



Melbouiwe 

■___ - 



AD3TRALASIA< 

of th* I.«glllft- TUHAHIA 



Btpuvt. 



UbriTj 
tnre 

South Abitnllui liutltal* 
Pnbllo Library 
Mining Depmmflnt 
UniTBffll^ Llbnrj 



'TlOTCUtiA 



. RoTil BocdBty 
. Poblla LIbwr 
. Sojia Sodftty 



New- Zealavd , LEbnry of th« Hodm of 



TOL. XLTL 



NAMES OP IXl^TVTnTTAT.S 

THE EOYAL PBEMILMa AND OTHER TESTIMOKIALS 
HATE BEEN AWAUDED. 



isa2.-]dr. RiabiLTd Limder—Roy*! Modftl— for Uio disooTvry of the 

omivu oE ihu luvui f^igor ot QucrriiL, And iU outlat la U»J Gtilf of 

1333.— Mr, John Blficoo— lU'yal Hodal^^-for rl* iU»uovrrv uF tbc luid 
iiurt tuuiiiid "l^jidcrby Luid" ud ''Onhua I^nJ, hi lliv Aiil- 

18S4.-^Cftptfdli Sir John Ross, ilv,>— Roy«l HpiUI— >for db^tTtry En 
ihv Arctic Jipgions o1 /^mrrico. 

1S35.— Sir Alexander Buraee^ffnynl ModAl^fi^r the narisstion of 

lh4« HU'UT luUui, \ini a jonrcMy by batkh uricl rk'Ecljnra actum 

1B30. — Captain Sir George Back» ilk.— ltoy»l UvJal^fur cLu ilJicu- 
vury uf lliE iKiMiL V\aU lUvuf. mid JU iiavt^Liuu Iv liiv mu wi the 
AiuL'Eu CuHat !>' Ainci^i:!!, 

LdST.— Captain Kobort FiteRoy, U-K-— Itoya! Medal— for tli« anr^i^y 
of Jbe yiiorfft of rntn^oiiin, Chih, mtii\ Verxi. 

iSSS. — Colonel ChOEmey. ^'A. — Hava] Medal — fcir thfl i^iieml <!iontlilOt of 
ilitL " biLi^ljrLLti^a K4|>oilJiioLL ' in m35-ii, mid lor MOEsuiooA to tho 
gfjiM^iapJiy or' Synrit Mt^ojiotainta, and Un> Dn^ta oi -^luiuia, 

lB39i — Mr ThomaB SimpHOn — FnHndvf'n Mrtlid— /gc tliu ilin^v^ry 
mill tinciii^', m If^^l biinl inay, of flKiut 3uO mlli^ of tho Arctic 

Dfp Edward EUppell — Palron'fl Mpdal— for hit tratelt pjtd 
rnmivW h\ Kubiji, Jvurdolui, Arabia. Ami A1>yHmi4. 
IWOl— CoL H, C. RawHnBon, K-i,n, — FoudiIpi'b MpiUI — for hlitmrsli 
«Ji(l ivw:LrrLi4.-« hi ^vMilittm miA l^eminii KitrHiATijj, niiii for Iho light 
thruwn 1'v liiiii 0[i tlin ciaiymmlivt^ gFOj^nijihy nf Wi'nU^ru AKJit. 
Sir R H, Schomburgk— rmnin^ Mtflnl— ft.r hjii Iravi'la und 
rrsiiircliii liurlui: iho Mun lf:^35-lJ in ilie colony of Hrltisli GnuyjLuii, 
And ill III.' adjiicent \>avU of SuUtli Ainciicft. 
IS*!-— I*leut. Baper, n.S.— found cr's Madnl — for llie puWicjilion of hifl 
work on ■>ii'I;jhIioii aiiJ XnuIiciJ Antronomy." 
Lieut, John Wood, i->. — ^Bitrou'* M-*!*! — r>rliii lurwey of tho 
Irulm, imil *»^isin'jir^' nf ft"' so'jfi'B rtf tlitf ltiv(T Ox'i?- 

IdtX.— CaptftLn Sir James Clfi'Tk Eobb. b.tr.— toundcr'a Mtdol— for 

Inn ^hbCOVuriis jn ihn Ar'irr hr ^VciUL 

Bev. Dr. E. Robinaon, 'i Nr^n- yprli— rflirou'aMcdil — tarhU 

work tiitiUuil ■ l[Lli]ifiii l[L'(,f.jrL;bi.'-i in ?flU'#linff.* 

1043*— Mr. Edward John Eyre— FouudciV UoJai— for lu« oxplon- 

tiiJiie m Ax(fttriliii, 

LienU J. P. A< Symonda, n.E.— rAtion'iiUsdid— forlisaurvvy 

u i'oli-jUDfl, And Igyt^Ia atrotf tijc cnuntry U> vbc Ikftd Set. 





J«u 



Hftmllten— Foui^r- » HvdoJ— An liU rt ecnrdi^* in 
-pAtn>ii1* MWvJ— 'fc bia f xtmuiTo goo- 



Mr, W, J. 

Ahla Miixir, 

Prof, Adolph Erm&n 

M. Cbarles miteT^rj^Tran'* M«lhl — for hi* imporluit geogm* 

3Mn.— Count P. E- de Straclocki — Foui^i<r't Mt^nl— for hia «ipl^ 

and ill Vafi IhtuH'rA'w Uiuii. 
Prof A Th. IVIlddendorff— T^iron't MwUl — for bifl «xten«tra 

15iT>— Capt- Ohfirke Start ^Foumlcr'K Moikl — fox UU larioui uid 
Br. Ludwitf Leichhaxdt— I^trun'i Uttkl— fvr a jounity pcr- 

ItttfiL— Sir J«LrD4a Drooke, iiajAlKif Bantv^kmid GovGL-nor c/ LkbuAO — 
Captain Charles WUkea, d.r.n. — PntnuiV MftUI — for hU 

Vuyiwic oC Uiaxivcry Jc tJjo ^ HL-niinplwni and Kn Uie AnlArotla 
Bepoiia, b \h^ yean 18Se-i2, 

l$49.^AiUtten H. Layofd, E*.^., p,c,i^ w.r.— F^'uu'Jer** JTcdnl— for lift 

I ^ C0Dtribtitiim« tiAidfttic e^^fui^by, ix^Acorchca ED Mc«in>t*inift, iflii 

^^ Boron Ch. BU£el— PiCnjoa Mvrlal — fur bi« Diplcn^ioiu of 

^^r CuLiDcrc ibd lurnpuriJiiij; coiinlrifii. cummiLciicalcd in liift work 

^B aulhlpd 'luuhixiir und iW Reich Ji:r tiEclc/ 

ISSO.— GoL John Ch. Frifmont — Pairou'i M^tUl — for hln PuavasfaL 
«xj»1oraiioT]f of ibu f[c<iiT Moa»tAto» aiid Cnlifomia; amj for 1ii« 

aiiciirroiia Ditoivcri^a and AvLrunomLCAl OWrvaLJcxiL 

Dr. 4;rj>iuti^Wxi.L]>. qft'ifiUiuL— 95Gii]pvu_lwrlii«Tnvtlt(aJlnblq. 

1852-— |>r. John R«ie — Foimdcr'a M<diiJ — fui hi» rtirrty of BooUib uid 
Captain Henry Strachey^-l'itUau** M«diJ — for Lid Surroji 




p 



Mr. Fnxnoia Qalton— FQitQder*fl M«dar— tpr !ub cxplonttooiA En 

tjouthcrn Air.a\. 

lOfliunandor £. A, InglQ^cId, r.v<— pAtroD's ll«dal— for Hb 

'Vnrviy ofih? 4]<tn>itt ^it BufLu k^iy^ Sm&tfa mid I^tKiutcr ijonnJi!. 

ISfii.— R«ar-Adnural William Hemy Scnyth— Founder'^ MtsUl— 

for biD vaUinhJo Siirvpyi in \\\i} M^uvmintfftb. 

Coptain Rob«rt J, M> UXlore, R-v-^-FatrouV HcJol— for bb 
JS55p^Tbo E«T David LivingBlona. w.d,, *&— Putfcm't Mcdal^ 

for hlH S<rlflTittiic Kt]jIor«(iii]tu ia T'f um) Afrira. 




G3CV1 



Awardoflbe fioyat FrtmiumM, 



l8fiG. — EHaha Kent H&ne, u,i>h— Foundrta Medal — fnr bi^ d 

III tby r<'W Ufi;i<ni*^ 

H^inrich Barth, piul, m, — I'atroti's Uedal — for h!« cxplonitiu 
lb O'Eilrul Afiiok. 

Ctiifionl J, F. Oiri^Bt:!!, of thf R'>t4l RhglDpem— « Vr^tcb doij Cbtln^ 
for liU knli^nliiio j^UerEatiiDA n-hllt uttani^Hl t«lLY* UihIod taCatit " 

1857- — Mr> AofiuatuB C. Gregory — K-^jtuier's M*:lnl— -for his ifxjilo 
Lieut. -CoL Andrew Scolt Waufii. I^enflol En^nwr* 

i*[ilr>inV Miidftl — fiif Jlie Grc-ni TEif^ononicin^ Murt'oy of lodju, 

ISS^.— GBptarin Ei(;h&rd ColUnaon, &,»,— F<ix3ijdtr"* M»1t)— f« hi 

Onicovi-rk'p in lilt' An'tio Hi^-:ii-hjPv 

1S53,— pTDf Aiex&nder P&llofi BachOf Supcrint^rvdciit O. 8. C 

SiifTfly — I'atn.ii/s MMqI — fof hih rttfTiwve Survofitrf Amrnra. 
18a9,— Captain Richojrd P. Burton— Kftiadpr'a Medal— f&r tU Explo- 
r(Lttuii[i III ]:liLnt4.'riL C'ctjL^llI Africa^ 
Cakpt&in John PaUiser— Pnirori'fi Mctlnl — fOThiBtspEr^rbtii^i ii^ 
ilnciiih NoTtii Amnricn kuicl l\in Fiktiiy MoiialiLiiMH 

Mr. Joim hUor^>L'ALi. Sri^inr — <■ Guitt VTiivh— for hi» Dtvijortriu i^ 
^ou1il anrl i.>iitr4l Amtrulii. 

WW.— Lady PrMlklin'-3''oundci'* Melai— mcoimnonii>r»lion«f th» 
«ivtiT'i oi Sir J,. Fmil^iiTi- 

Captain Sir T. Leopold McCUntock, s-if.— l^troii* M«iJttl 

-^Eur LiH l>iK(!<ivi>rii'4 in i^^c Arctic Kc^ir^iLi'. 

leaL— Gaptun John Haniiing Spoke— V*wundet"n Mctlal— fur t 

DiKovorv pr till' HrL-at Ljvtf \"r:f(iria Nyfiriuif KiiBlHrm Afrc«> Ac 

Mr. John Macdouall Stuart- I'litivii'* Medftl—fw Hi Esulo- 

mtJi-iiLd ifL till? tjjCohur I'f AujitraLa. 
1$02»— Mr- Robert O Hara Burke— Foumltn'ft Meilal— for Ills Eiplo* 
ntlioiiB III AEistriLliLL. 
GaptFLin ThomBA Blakiston — ratron^i Mf^at — for Me Burrc 

Idc' Joii?' Kino— d GiiM Wiikli— fur lit' moHlui luuk cvmluut *rlill« 

1803.— Mr. Frank T. OrBfiory — runftdcr** McUul — fur Lis iixploia* 
U\fTi% \a ^Vrstom AuitrnltA, 
Mr. John Arrowamith- ratron'a MevM — for the reiy Jmiwrinnt 

Mr, WiLLiAH L4r<^'eiK?riouoEi — a Gold Watcli— for flLiccaafUl Eii]<lQi»* 

ti^D* In AiuttftUit. 
Mr. JOIiTC WhitLAF— '1 Geld Witrh— fcr ncpwfiil Erptiirtliniit i» 

AtUilnlkA. 
Mr PHTjiKiticii W1LJLH.K— (I OoU Walch — fiir BOdimful £i^LarAiJ<m* 

la A(ii,lrnlijt, 

1&64. — Gaptaln J, A. Gr«nt — rfllruti's Mcdul— fut hia Jciunuv from Znn- 
£]Lur acnna ICiustvrji fliiuaturiHl Africa to f^'pt* Jii otuujitmy uiUt 
Oij'Uiiti ^aIhj, 
Baron C. von der Decken' — rmirnWit MnUl—ffir hU lwi> 
OL-otriiiiililool Survrj.i jf thi- l!*fl,v MouittftJnt of KiUma-nJnm, 

of* CbrobomptDr or flKgr T<^(iinoD(lli fir hl» 4df*aluri>it9 J^iuiae/ 

1805,— Gaptflin P. G, Montfjomerie, n.e.— Foiuiilcr'* Mo^l— for hit 

'rnj^iUHrtwctnoil Huncv ol N-rtli-U'tat India, 

Xr. S. W. Bokor— PKlrou'« Mnlal— Icr hi» iclkf of Carta, ^ko 



9- 

I 





Attard tft^^ Bo}fal Frtmivnu, 



civil 






Dr, A ^ T£tf niRT-^hf nm of 40 htandtWU hi* TriTvU 1i Ccbinl 

ieOfl.>— Ih*. Tbomcis Thomson, x.n.— FourKlot'« l(«dU — Tor Lli E«* 

rcfcrchca in itt Wein*]ru UinialiyM liod TklbciL 
Mr. W. ChandkBQ— I'atiWs Uod«l— for hit Surrey of the Riror 

rurfl«, 

M. P K tiC' L'fTAiT.Lr — Vtt »uni «f loo GbiDBAA-^for ^iJ Ailrunoninl 

r^bf^rvktioDi Eb lJi' Inlfii-itiT ff WnFjirn KqrinMrt^I Afri'^a, 
Uiui^ f\ III II- 1, Mi-irjL[>-4 OuiJ WaUti — tor ha Li^\\ital\vaa tiiat tbc 

Admlral Alexis Boatakoff— Foundet'ii Mai*t— for Uing the 

llni to litiui[^h 'at"\ tnivii^bf iljipa in lJi« Sflftof AnL 
K>r. IBSAO I- Hftyei — ^l^Imn'H M«di1^or hla tuemaTAbla cxpo- 
dltbo tu lH(k>f^i towardt ih« open Fokr 8«ft. 

.— Dr, Ani^natus Petermami — Founfti*/* M«ilftl— fnr his fmlnni 

duiI fluliJihienfil 3>iTU»a an « writer iiTid CiTto^phci In •dTundtig 
Oocr^pliltnl Sf [L'Qcp. 
Mr. Gerhard Rohlfe-'riitnin's MuIel!— for hli cxtrauva mid 
iiiilK'nMiil imv-iT" hi ihf mlerior nf fCorthrni Afrtc«. 

The t'uiiDET ani|iloy«] Jiy CjijiLkla T. O. Uontf omctlQ— a <t(iM Watch 
—fur hii r0iit< adncT f-iuu Lbhfl MudMrmnLi t4 LIlii*a, lU iittat 

lir. JOU^ Wiuooi^ib* mm of fir* Pdaafiv—for aiKifliiaAal «EDF«tJtLDO 
JD (laa|£m|ihf -li lh« Andf-tir o-t Arte *jvrtniitlan. 

Ffcfcuor A. E. Nordetukicfld — Fuuntlcf *k H^nU) — Tuj dc 

Icadb-H^ [^rt h« Knk zq the tf<tml StttdiiU Vj.\Kdilktxia lit ihe Noilh 
I'ulxt KpKJtrti 

Mrs. Mary SomervlUa — F^ttud's Mi-JaI — in ivcfj^^tiUjuLi ofthu 
fihlul Science, 

tjiat. Wu. <>U7. UhmU ScElooI (BiriaiiF MciUI). 

Ui. Jou:i Kimncr— till iiLiij nCVift runLvlf^fui tLuuBjaCVl t«iDpati- 

no.— Lleat^nant Pros. GAmier i-.-i iho Ft^cich lini*nfll }iav\y- 

PtYlntirB ML-ilril^lur Jiu ^iLrv.y tif ihn cviirte uf tbff Rrmt QkmboiuftD 

Mt. Oeorge W. tUyward— Founder'»M«dftl— KorhU«jiiilofi- 

tku is Eutvm 'lurlclBlau, 

Scuooi^' X'AiKV MitDAfa: — 
Tolittair atfwqpAif,— Gr.n. Wu. QimT, }Uh«U Ccbiul (Gald VmIaI). 
Jai. ar. Coding Lirvfivul CoUm (Brau* Uvitil). 

Maitut Smrxitr, BwtlJ Hobwl CBnun M»dBtJ. 
KnucATLoyAi. Pbier;— 
Mr.TnoiTitKmT'tiLttCi^inict: — ihtnrniornvo PmM^—far taccmt^ 
ful ':tiLn;]viiUuu in ^i^iK[iL)rh) «'. tlm S^clbtj uf ArU UJUUJQiitlurip 

1$71.— Bir RodOliok L MurckiooCl, Unrt. — Fuiiudar'a UoduL — la 
VOU XL VI. • I 



CATlJi A^tard cf the Hotfsl PrtmiviM* 

ncoi^iLLCKi of the Pininnit aervim* be hu rmdorvd lo Ofijgn.ph]r 

A. RelLh JoluiHton, li.u. ^' Pjitmirn W\M[ — Tor his Icmg^ 
coiiilnnr--l miil Piicceisfiil Rsrvice* in adTttnrintr Omgnpliy, nnd 
dpncbll/ for hin merit in CHnyiJ]g oni his fclicmo of FjijAical 

KKiin. N&TiJiii ABTLi^ Unn^ol Collt^ O^f^Kf* lhf«^]). 

Mxiliil), 

Wh. ((Muiiou CijLLUawooit, LitvT]»«] CaU«ji« (Bnw* Usdol). 

1ST2,— Colonol Henry Yulo. c.o. -FouiidtrV UcJjtl— fn iha cnJotttt' 

flcrvie«fi hu Lnt iriiiicrca to G*ogJTipby ia iho publicfltiMi of bifl 
tbrc« K^^at worke, * A Miuigti lo the Court of A^«b^ 'Cklh&J'i and 

Mr. Robert Berki} ley Sbaw—r^itou'ii Medal — for hii Jouni«f i 

iu Kii^luin iurk^bUn, nc^d Ji>f LIa {)xUu«tvH Hrfitti of Aftroaonib^l 

Jou^tujo of Yiirknii'l, uid >iatc zircn lu, for the f^rst timo, the bui^ 
of a aow ilirlmDiititia dl ilia ci>ii]iitii76 b^tivnirn Lch and Kufapir 

LL«uL U. €, lf[»rEMt B.V'^A C„.i'\ U'airh— for lifi KdnnUiPtw JounUf ' 
ID I'ltMftiniA. Uirongb eiiu tiilla at EtUiudv, of vhldt TAO mtn pnb-l 

KmUm KhU-^n—^ vuin of Twtntir-fliv Pduiu]i lb ndiiicmTfditmvit oTe^ 
tul titil ftUtitj wUh frhii^lt ha hu dovultit bJiutlf, (ot » «nm of 
^Hrij 1(1 ih* t3]']rtniliDiiof Soiilh'L^vtfm Afpicf. 

A, K E^UTLitn^ ILtviTphi^L CoJItEa {Birmi* M«i]jiLy 
Petitvai (7w»j?Au.— W, G^ Collivuwood, Llnrwol CoUtga (GoU 

Vr> C, GRAtijiM, i^ton Ci>lle^(nro(iu Mt4al). 
E&u<"*Tiow*t- Pbtxx:— 

Mj, Qko. U, TitOHAU — thu iMm if Flrr Piaun^j— for fuovafiil cua* 
ptimnii IE iJcngTitpby ■! ibo ^ockeTy i>f Aril iCiuvlDAtLoa. 

1B}8L— Mr. Ney EllaB— FouuJor*- Moilal— for Mm -iirrny of thu Tttllow. 
Iiiv*!f o( CliiiKv, In ISy^i and for Ijii rcconi jounn'y tljiodgh We*t*ni 

Mt. H- M, Stanley-^ i'atron** Mcd&l— for faii lilucovciy and n\\et 
(jf Dr. LLTiii^^toDo. 

(iMgMiik/. dml *ii[wciilly r« hi* JflumajA In SoaOwWiHifUD ud 
jtouil>-H»tnti A [Vim, 

j^«H, wi for bmribg drcuinqnrffBtni tKe SpttAbtigfb h virll db lh« 

Scbucut' I^tr.c KIedalb :^ 

W, Ap FoniUE, Wiachalcr CeJIosa (Brvnie HdJuI). 
i\jfirtai: Qn-jruf^y.— B. K. fpniiia Ricu, fctan CoIIpc« (OuJd Mod*]). 
A. n nUT-r, Uvvtratjr Caltfgv ^hool (Broott U«lil). 






Awar^^fihi Riiyal Prvmiumt. 



ohL 



T>r. Oeont 3Gltwelnfl]lltk-^l''iiiriiiW'H UitLil^LH- bimliirovnry 

i\[ Eliir Ut-U» Itlvnr, liryimJ :hfi J^mtli-*!!*!*-.™ UmlU of Ibe Xlit 

ht hv lUMidol the retiJti of tiin imTok. 
OoloCLel P. Efiortozi Worburton — P&tron'i MkIaI — f^ hU 
jcninifly atrwp tbu iir;vi<*iinlif uriktjywii WrtWiJj lHt<<riur fit Aupt» 

WcsL C«<tfl i»«r De Orey lUvcr. 

fhn&lttti GrosT^y. — Loi;^ Wi^sraii, Cllj 'i' LoDdoa StfcooL ((Sold 

FtiAxcfj CiURI-B» Mo^AOtH, CnEfcnltt CoUrM &bflol (Prooi* 

FaiMoil flHvroiiAv-— Wiuiii« H JttftY TnnTON, Cllftm t-Yll^ji, Brirtol 

LiOTiKL Jaojv, CLCr of Lr>D4JoD SflbooE (BroDK M^h1)k 

Lieat. Weypreoht — FoanAar'* Mcdai— for bii cipbrntlani bd<1 
diioovcrufi in tho Arotic Sea bctvwn Spitisbtrgon nad Nfrm ZombU. 

LidUt. JoliUB Fa7er^Wlro&^ K»d«l— ror hii joiirti?y atid ^B-i 
cvvvntM tLli^ni; the coVAt of rT«i]X^va«r$ Ijititj, bvtvMTi Sjiit^bArRMt 

W, H. JoHVMir — r:aLd Waloli— for HrvirM r'TrflMrfd fn T.wtgnphr 
vlll* W£iieBd It tht tinot TrigDivimeTrKftl i^urrvf at IndLn >aian^ th* 

Scnoou' Fftcra UKnAiA:^ 

AKcrcLDAUi CaT4RD GAlEnnti, MjiT[hDn^L]|1) CoJlm (BrVfln HidiL). 
^ViAAsu/ <7iifififngfil|r.— SiDirny R. B. ?«AuiiiJ»;tA, I>ulvlcli*^>n (Odd 

Ww. C. amiiAtt, Elrt C'>lUgf (Bkdh M<-Ut;], 

1876.— Llont V. LoTfltt Cameron, ilk. — Fonnd^r"* MMal — for hin 
jnitfTiry n^fr-w Afnift I'rkm /.unrrbnr lo Rpivgnpla, anil LJK rarrty of 

Mr Jobn Forcflfttr— FmrcffliS MiiSnl— in n>r«irfi1tk»n of UwMfvicill 
Ki fliii^rHiihliMt ^ckiKT n-mEtriHUi} IiIm niiiKHMEin iiUGCttKrUL VXjitccft* j 
ilont ir» Wraiprn Avunilii, iiiid<4iiwd(iUy fcir liln w5ml»bly wtacuwd' 
nralc-iiirvey «:n»i the iiitcriar fmm Murxhljion Hirer Ut the line of 

WAl.rita Nl.-w, i>iiLarl^ C^^llt^ ^Hi^nvo Maltl^. 
I\til^tls^^ 'j~A^nrp%.— ritovA* Kxm. HAllrrltiiry Col]«»(Oftld UtJil)^ 
Vf, M. H. MitHKh. lfi>f1b4F«u|ch Ci4lr«fl fGraiiu H«djil|. 

F. ILl^AhVIU', l^'^* r«IDl7Si>i|(»t(SllTM Vtltl). 

Joiiv Wii'Htik lJtFn>n>t CdII-vb C^llrvt MviAl). 

It 3if, AVAart Uii<1j;ncJFih GrAmnuiL SHiov} (biaaa MfUl). 



<2 



i c« ) 



PRESENTATION 



or iHH 



ROYAL AND OTHER AWARDS. 

(-^f fhc AnniverMTy Meeting, Ma^ 2Jr*t/, 1876,) 



ROYAL MEDALS. 

Tni FooFDEft's M«DAL for thus yvK 187$ vr%t awii-ilod by %]nf 
Cauitcil in LlmitenniilH V. h. Caiin>rou, b-n., for hh jonroi^y ncroa* 
Afi'iofh from ZnnzibiiT to Ovhffwin, ami hi[<. jmrvcj of the flL>uthc]Ti 
hftlf <1 Liiko T^hDganyikcL ; the VlcroniA, or Fatiion'a Mepal, to 
Mr, Jr>hn Forreat., in r^ogiiitioa of the servioas »o Gcogrnphiiyil 
Soienoe rendered hy Lia numerona bnci^cuful cxfrlor^lioiM fix 
Wwteni Attiilrulift, and cBpeaiolIy for hia ftdmirahly f>K(7Quted 
TOUtd-fiTirvey Aoroa^ tin* 'MiUtnor Troiik Murt^hiauu River to thi> Mi\^ 
orOTorland Elootxic Telograplu 

Lu-utyDttTil Onmeron attended In person to towiTe Ma Meibl, 
Mt, FomutX in hid abA^rtoe, was reooivt^d hy X Lowthot, -Eaq. u.i'., 
Her Mi^i^BiyH Utidor Stwrttury of State ftir iho CuhmictL 

In addree«itt^ Lioutcu&nt CnniOTCiQi iha I'RSsiifism eaid : — 

"I havD been reqitoeted b^'mycollaagu^nof thoGongr&pliiml 
Oouucil to picwul you wiLli ' tlie Fonndci'it MoJul of thla jo^ fat 
' tho cnoonrngennciit of Gtiogrftphioal Soienoo and Dbeovory, which 
' hita been awnrdud to you for jour joiirnu^ Jicroaa Afrioa frODk Zun- 
' flLni to Beu^elii, nud for yoUT Survijy of llio Soullvm half of 
' LakeTaagrtcyika;' and 1 fulfil IhiadtitywithtLU the more plooauro 
nnd mtinfaotion thkt I was in iho Cluktr wh«Q wc aoul yoti forth on 
yotir hiiiioiirHblv uiid imix^rtuiit Mih^ioti, aud Lmv^a thiJ« Imd tlid 
opportnnily of vmtohiag your progress, fitop by btop, through tho 
tUftny triala and txiumpta cf your luenjoraLlo joumoy. As English- 




Ak^xM of M^daU. — Carmr^n, 



GXXI 






■men wo are piouil dint tlio ^rcat foikt of tmvanlng llquufuriul 
Afnea from noft to 9«u hLuuIiI li^rD bcMU iuwunipli»li«d lor tl:« fii^tt 
dui^ by ui OJS<:cr in the h'aval Sjorrioo of tl^i) Ijuoen ; but ^o wiitt 
it %a Ui ntidoTsUHnl tlmt ii i* not ^onr xuccirjHt in tfii* partiuuhir 
it. it ifl not your rr>aiatkiiblD uiltibiliuu uf miiiily cuuja^u aiid 
ftrauoD ^ — th^ju^h thcvtc qiialilic«, which ,voii |>omc4ci ia nn 
•minent d^-ee, will iilwuyri iociire you th« fall nnd wull-cuoHted 
uauiation of yoiir ci.iiiutQ-tDeu — wkirli Law utj tliiB oixmslou 
•XOlu«ivcly» cr ovcu io oi: 05pi:^ial degree, rooon^mcodcd you to tko 
favDiintHe notice of tbi^ Ctmut-'jl ^Ve tuv4# lotooted you lo b« our 
McdallUt, [ilxivQ all otbtir i\.ta>uinift becauHO yu(i hav*, airti<)i>t dlOi- 

Jtics and dikngtTB, in failing hoBlthi under pnvatioti uid fatigac, 
■tCAdily kopt iu vio%r !ho iiiamnoimt claim on yr>iir utt^ntion of 
Quicjitidc Geogrnphy, and haTfi tlniH brotaglil hnrk willi ymi fW>m 
ILd iuLericT oT AlVIai a JlfiH^rtlor of ObRorntticnH for LfttitTido, 
lxiLgitud«, i4nd KlovaUon, vrhioh, tx wttont nod Tarioty— and wo 
w atillioriiind by the R^tportcf tho GreoDwioh auihoritiea to Jidd for 
judtojuim iiili^tioD und Accnraoy of rawlt— xoay ravouratdy cnni- 
pan> witJi thu liuialiod vrork of ft pdofcwioiiAl Survey. Mc f^^ol, 
forOt tliat we loay fairly bold jou up ue a modol to faluro 
tT&T«Ili?rHH trijec.ing, inde^ thjit GoogtnphirAl $ni<tniV) iiiay ui 
WgrJy profit bj' the example witich you im*© set lii others, wi bj 
Uio rMUlEs vtiioh >(<ii buvu yuunrulf ooutribulc^. Ziu-, you Luvo 
alrciuty roccive<! nt iho handu of your Sovoroigii, la a mward for 
jMur lurUluiut oobicvcmtiul, ibo dintiuotiub of Uits Ootnpauiantddi] cif 
ih» Batfa, wLich 1 tx^«vo wa^a never boforo lx^«toxvud >>u ik) yunng 
ftu officer in Hor Mftjoity'ji Xavd Sorvjoo. You aro nUo daily 
recciTJn^ pruufi uf Uio lutiinjaL that ynur dliiL>fVQrii.-fi bavu i^xuttiHl 
ftmo&g the pnblio at larv^ owiritC ^ ^^ pi^otioftl bo(io6l» which 
tba aatUoi luiy Axpaec to dorivo from them, both iu i^igud to itn 
anufieroov nnd eeipnuuLEly in rcgnrd lu tlint olg'oot it huK hu muoh itt 
hoirf tho Huppti^HHiuu of Lho A.ftiotLu 51avc-trad&: and 1 aiu uow 
U> O&r JOQ, in tho immo cf Omgraphiaa] Si:^ioncTo. tho higho^t 
booour wo con <!otif«r — the youodot'ii Medil of the year. 

" And in cutigtutuhiLiu^ yuu ou Uiuti UlIcIii^ y<jnr pljicu lui i\kn 
G<Rldeit roll of the Guograpbical Sovivty's Mcd&UijitB, I may bo por- 
QAitt«i to mill tliat, h^via^ predied on five ooca^Ioew at the dia^ 
tiibtttiou of our Annual Awhrdv. it bu» n«vcr bopn my fottirno ta 
ptviont the Modal to one who, by his nervIuiM, hun more tUuiuughly 

rnoa it;* 



^^traTO 




cxxu 



Sir iL C. iUWLJxaos'* AtfJrw, 



Lioukauuit Ca.uuu>h i-opliod a« follow* ; — 

"Sir Henry Bavrliiuoti, I Leg to tbftnk yen iJio«t btortily fur Uio 
Medal. It \ina been lli« ouo fp^oat hope that has fiuetnizKHl mo 
thruagli njjr ivcx-nt Expedition. 3 knew v«rj" w^ll \vhQh I wnjs iu 
AMctt Uuit I wua uol tlitii'u to pUy, iul tu taku ubaofTttticmfl for 
mappioK ^'Ut the country, and tho trainins 1 ttivd received in tbo 
sorviofr tj wliiuh I uiri pruud to b«]ong tu^ght lan Low t'> do it I 
aju f;1ad to find tL&t m^ ab«eTT« lions Lave beon appr^oiuted, and 
thnt tLo]' Ar« fc'D&d to be accurate and xopd. I bcj; to tbuuk yoa 
motft cordially ft^r tliia toaUmonj' of yotzr njiproval of my laLours/' 

Tor&ii^ to Mr. LoivtLci; tLo PaESitJEST spoUn a^ follown :— 

**Btii, — Knoflring thi> intnmt whinh you isikn frcim your oMgijiI 
poeition lu everytlLiEig allL'ctitig tltu rc-putatioa und prtnpt^rily of 
t^ur Colonial Kmpiro. J am }^iiitkT:ibLr]y gL^l to be pciiTaitUHi on tbU 
occftKton tn deliver into ymii hnnd*, for trnnsmiwiun to AitntrftliAr 
iLo I*fttrL)n*B Medal at Uit Hujnl Q c^DgIllplJio■l Suclialy fi>r tin? 
pr«H(-iit year, nhtcL haa Lccn awarded Ly ih& Connctl to a mot-t 
mentorioua trftTflllor, Mr. J. FoiT<wt, * in recognition of the Mrvjocs 
t<i nci>graj>liEaJ tkioHtHT ruiidurcd by his nutiifroua 8Ut«**flrul explo- 
rations in Woateru AuBtraliB* and ^sepeoially fcr hut BidiuiraLly- 
cxacnUjii rontc-flui'vey across ih& intorJor from MuiDljiecn liivisr t^ 
iLc liiiu nf tbt- OwrUnd l^l^ofric Telegrajili.' Alraidy on eight 
dilTorcut (fcciuiuua iLv Oouudl of our Society, cn wtjlg^lung tLo 
oJaiDui of travnlliirn m nil parf« of U^c world, ha« avatdod Iho s^raa^t 
prize of thcj ytur to Aiutraliuu ©xplorerB — the cnonnoui trartiof 
uuiiilialriLt-J. iind fot tlio uiuhL pju't unkuowu, tcrritury In tLi» 
i&t(:nor of iLo An»imltAJi Contlumit, aikd Uvo difllcnlty of tranait 
from onu point to anotbur, owing to iLv ^raterkoii ehamoter of thfr 
intetTvuliig vouulry. givbifi; it auitain j^randeiir and imporlanoa fo 
Auetrulian diiipovorj", otot and nLovo tlie utatciial benefit to Lo 
dorived from aoqturing froib Lmd« for Boltkmontr which is wonting 
in olLoT regL-:ia, Never. Iiowevor, Ninou Miiodouiill fStiiaii^ in 1$Q0, 
Iravorsud Aurtixlia from aontL to uoitb aud ir^pluit-d tbir route oiij 
which the li^c of the Klcctric Tclc^iiph woa ftubnoqncntly laiil. 
hu a jouniey been nnd^rtak&n vt tlio twme magnitude aod diEQculi^' 
aa that reoeutly acooiupUtLod by Mi-. John Pon€i*L and hl» juriy 
between CHampiou Hay, ou Ibo woot coast., and tho Tcnhe Station, 
uu tho line of the Ovorland T^legvaph ; and nuver certatuLy, eilhijr 
in Audtinllu nr in any other octunlry, bns a more canef^ientfoiis and. 
cshauAtiTe aurv&y beou exeoutod of iIlc routo troveieeil in »o lonf^ 



4 
I 




Attntnt fif AUdaU. — Ffitrtst. 



CllUI 



I 

I 

I 



tL« t*ttty trardlod, for lLo most part on foot, w« nbont 2000 iDiim^ 
Hw ktaA ly'ntg for *omc COO mile« thrcvgh a n-^on oon'rei witii 
Hh^^ jiuijvaiiid epbufox grun, unil hliDOHid^Aiilntocif wfttor; «id 
^iwolt of- their oxperi«QO«b6LQg Umt tbo oowitT>- wucntirelji 
Bufltt^ for aeillcmout. In twtiwony of our a'tmiTntioa of Uu> 
itutdiiag tjiej^ ncd imrwnvpninnci vbinb *inalilfld Mr, Fomnul to 
Inveno noooMfuUy thiji deeolato and arid ttoct. and tliiu acquire 
for fais GovemiDcint a kuowJed^ of Uio true uhatttot«r of Ui6 
countrj'. NH whII » in gnttofhl nclEnnivlodgiu«iit of UU mtvicm nn- 
'£(md to Sojoutifio Qfo^aptiy, botb in kia provioii« uxp!oi*tioB 
Tonud tbo (Jkorod of tht^ ^n!ut AuatnUftQ Bight and in tiitf proHQbt 
nosC «E(>«llcct Stiri-ojT uud Rnporl, «# odjudgo 1o him tlio P^^tron's 
Hed&l of tW ycoi ^ aud iu [>Liclu^ Uit- Mvdtil ia ifvur IiAudfl, ^o 
V«ntnro to odd tbitt it will j^ri^tLy colia&oo the vaIuo of tLo awnrd 
if yoii will imd'>rtal:9 to tmnsmil our offoriug to lU dcitilifttiun 
Uuonitli tlic AusTiallau &uthorilic<a." 

Hr, X^wTUEa, in ropLy, uid b« WM vujv ho wu« jiuftifi^^ U r^tuni- 

!ng Mr, ForroAt's hearty ilrxrik* fur ilio Ikooonr Ihnt hnd 1k*<*h Oon- 
fijrrcd upcih bim. HU noblo fiiend^Loid Cam*rTon, vrould liavobnd 
gnat pleEUfuro in dttcndiug bod bo not bo^Mi unuvoiUikbly clut&mc*d i 
Imi avflii ff bh I^otd^liij* b&d been pr*)*ient be would jwit have biym 
tbc real " lion ;'* that Uuucur LtiloD^ed (u tbe AbAvut Imvclb^r. llo 
wubc4, howcrcr, to ciproMi the gtCAt grifclificotiou wbiob bo expe- 
rienced in ac^o^ptiTL^, on bebulf of a colooiht of ou« of tbo moit 
icipnrtAnt depondtriL'tcH of T.ho Crovm^ tbiA AppTM^ifitinn of bii 
It must ho patent to all tbat no grc«tor tio conld Quito 
inotbor ooimtn^ 1o bur colonioa tban tbe convlotL^a atuoEig thd' 
colnriiHtJi tbbt their fnrtnrLrts, their HDccea^efl^ and in ncnio cajwh tmetl 
tb«ir dijQppoiiitnieiiU, W4:Ee uixIoiiNly wutcbod by ^uva who owiiod 
thetu tut tbeir fl^lIu1T-cJ0uut^J'me1ll Mr. Forrest liod pciforoied a feat 
«)itcb oot c>iily iDvolvod cocsiderablo pbyskal and moinil cunn^p 
but wbich, il mi^bt l>u Macei^^ly hoped, would be of luBling Norvioa 
iff tbe CAUm of maukuid. His (ra^ola bud not bccD pursued laor^j 
for plouuru or the Rtx^i^ of gaijj, but tbey hui bt^un undertaken on 
public groiiTidti, at ibo cull of tb^ public aTithoritk-^ in tbe int^vo^fA 
of tbo oomiiLuiiilj, Ijiexttenant Caokeroa bad boi^n ooirtplbtiu^tod on 
thn acRitrftoy vHtb vbiob, tbrtmgbout all tbo dlfBcuUicn which bo 
had iiiii\ to encounter, be had imiintaiDed hiH reL'ordtf : und in M.r. 
'urn»t'H 0086 no aai»n portioti of tbo gnlUiid« ^vliJcb bo bnd m 



^- rienced 

^H iCipnrtA: 

^■QfVLOt, 



CHIT 



Sif H, C. RaWUVSOS / Addrttf. 



deservedly earned was owing l4> the verygrvat aeonriwy with wliioh, 
under ciroumstuDccfl of ejilxcmi^ difHcTiltj' and dnn^r, Uc liad ixiu- 
tiantMl 1c Diabt^ his ahservaii'^nfit lliua ciddin^; w vory important 
obftpter to fioientific go^^raphy. He thAnkad thtt Socioty for Uidr 
bcdutirnl gift, juid it would albrd him great pLviLKuro tu furw&rd It 



PDBLTO SCHOOLS' PRIZE MKBALa 

The fallowing iTiLfl iL^ Jkwftid of tlie EiAmiuera of the prnMnt 
ytoi: — 

PflTSWAi. OKOOiui'Ur. Gold MrtJal-^Sohn 'Wilkie, LiTorpooI 

College. Bronzf: Medal. — Walter New. Jhilwich College. HonotirnJily 
Moniiimnd. — J. A- Hobiiiaon, Lirer^xwl College; L. P, JiujIih, Uni- 
vetbity ijchod, Noltinfi^bkm: E. v(ja LcDgoeko, Haileybniy CoUego; 
Sir Mftlby Croftoo, Eton College; F, S. Carey, BHvttJ Grjunnur 
SobwI. 

Political Geoo&i.rjiY. Gold XcJt4.—Tiiotaiu% Enox, H&iloybuiy 
CciUogn- Brojite 3fsJaJ. — W, M, Jl. MJlner^ ilurlborough CoHogO. 
Hononrahljf Mcntiimrd. — J. B. Johtialtiii. l!dxiilnirgU ll'iih SitUe^uI; 
H, W- PigvoD, Clifton Cullcgo; J. F. Hcj'os. Liverpool Collogo; 
W. J. Nowton, Liverpool College; (equal) A, K, Uopoa, City of 
tiondon School, und W, MBoMaAtcr, RAlliiubien Schtxd, DuLIin. 

OxF0JxT>AZtDC'iuDa]iinKljoCAi, I^jXauinaiionsPeijckMiu^au. — Under 

ftrrjK»^;ozuc^iit witl^ tho UriivcrratioN of (Jxfofd and C&tnbridgo for 
the award of JVIcdalH tu tho \w*i SL*nior cimdidnto* in Qeograpliy, 
tvLolliur malu or fumble, in ihvir LuulI Eiaiuin;ilii.m8, a Silver 
Medal htM thU year been nwurdod, ty Cambridge, to F. H. OlaaTill, 
l>eTf>ii County School- 'i'hlB xin^li? i»u'Lkrd wuh moile. as ft cora> 
im^uoi'tut'iit, oTi the iMult i>f l)i« EiAmiuhtijim Li^ld by tlw Cam* 
bridgo Dolof^atcfl in BeccnJfor, 16T£, Lq ld'6, and flituro ycom, 
two iiilvcT Modfdfl will be offered by tho Socioty for nward by 
Cumhridg^ via.; otje <«cb for the Wtl csindlilft|»? SL-l^wltfl by lljo 
Delt'gaUv in ibu ivr^} branc^ion of rh>Mcal and Guncr^L Gco^i&pLy. 
Tor Uifbrd the atrrmKomcnt vrill bo HmcAvhat diflbrent: one 
mi\CT And <jn<J Brou7^< Mt>d}il Ixaing promiu-d, to thv bout nnd tooond 
\K6i cftudidate la GeuuruJ Oeogr«|i1]y. 

Mr. FiuNCiH Galtoh oEjitod that twenty ttuhoolft had twat candi- 
dfttos fi^r the Public SoUooIa' Prixo U«daU ihin you-, thore heit^ 



f'ultlic &-hooU' J^irs hfetials. 



cxr 



b6A& ^T6iL. Out of tiicMS, Livorpool Calltffc hod g^inod 9, Eton 5, 
K4»m]1 4, Univ«nlty CoU^go School 3, City of Lotulou 6<rhool 2, 
Dalwioli College 2, antl seven utbere on^ a^^ Thoio ivho wuro 
boja when these Mcdftlf wore fitvt inAtitutod w«rc now gtowtnj 
into tHADhood ; Uity hud paifE<*d or wcni puwi&g tla«ir UnWtfrtrity 
eAfiMint yrixh credit, ATid might rmv )v 1>viki?d to in fnlHl vrhAt wa« 
doo of the iidmiuf objcntB fur wliicU th^ Mod&I^ weirD MtabliHhed, 
liaaiMj, ibu advaboomcnt of (jcogTU]>hioul eoioaoe. <;iiliur m writora 
« pTOf««»ois, <JT <]oiidiJCtor^ of euiiniiiationji, IIp, th«refor», man- 
titmod villi mnch jdoosiLro tbut oDo uT tho oarlicirit Ould Mudnllidto. 
Hr. 0. 0. Sutler, hod just boon appointod by (ho Ciril dorvioo 
OomniiHiOQWS u <ffi« of Uwtr two permuioat ExAminor*. 



TliQ pBEftinEHt tlwa pKMDtod tlio medtklH to tbo ffueoeaafitl coxa* 
pot i (ore. 

Tliu Hj>n. G. C> ItHOHRiCK Kaid t)>ure wks binpb^ rmsun to Ito 

SftLibfied wiEb tlie r\iiul(n of tlio Gootp-»pLical Examiimtioua coa- 

luctod by tlio Society. ConflidoHn^ bow oiuiy cxnniinations of 

vvrioiii k-indE buyi wl'Tu nuw riUJ>ji.H7t tu at thu public- AchvolD, thu 

jHimliercif uiEidklikttiFi ufTtiiug tliumiwlvm I'ur uur gLvjgm|ibJuLt] fjuiu' 

ititioDB wu moot ciicoura^ci^. Snoccm, bowf^vor, iraa not m^rQly 

bo moAfitirMl by ittnubum, but »Uo by tbo chatncMr of tbo soboolfl 

ivhirb hibJ tt.iiiipet4.4l. Tbu vjui-jiin (*tvi)MM of pTiblio'iolioolp bnd 

bom tidiuiriklily ivpnfticiLLed m tLe tliiitixm wliiob bad btwn huo- 

OMeful in wiTtning niod&le nnco 1ho«o oxATuinatioiia ccmmunood. 

Tho oW public BphoolB wor« wortbily rcprwontod by Eton aiwl 

VTinohdcttflr ; the uow public hl'LouIh by MarlUimugb* Il*jl<ij-bniy, 

^^Clilboa, atid HoeMxH ; the fp-uat (uoirct>o)>tttn Acboobi by tbc City of 

^^^joitdoa School, Univonity Collogo Sohool, ftud Uulwich Collo^; 

^^4nd lliU gr^ikt M'brjoTH Sii tbu pruvitii^iul oapitultt by Ni^KErigbcLin, 

Uanclioatoi GruuiuAt- Scbovl, Livoi'iXKtl luaUtuto, aud, abuxv zill, 

by Livorpool Ci>l]og«, Gaognxphicftl oducotion owt^d \ grvat doftl 

to Ut. Butlur, tbo bdod mwtpr (rf the llu^^nrlnn^d, who wnn the 

t^iy lintt tu apjiruuiuti? ib» impuitttiiov of ILfh^ pri;a», uiid unuly 

twiootts owuy uf wL<jeo «cbo]jir« bnd obftiinod TOOiUh n» from any 

BChod- ConsidcHug bcwgr«ftt tbo suc^sia of tbo exzLtaiiui- 

Imd bwD, hfl wita not surprinkl tbiLt Mitne d^ire bad boon 

Libittid by llujso iut«n«t9<l lu fomftl>> cdticaliJii, tUai girU abould 

ftdnittod Co the oompetitioc. At first tbero waq u fcii}^^o«tiot; 

[tbat icfurtiie priz^ might be awarded to girU' fichools, but that 



fixxn 



Sii IL C. IIawuksokV Addrtt^ 



[lUia mot with vt-iy litUe favaiir, an it w-ouM ttniu il^foald oq« of 
tho objooU vrliivlv tlio app]ii5tmta liu^l ftt hcfut — that Ritln (UouU bo 
tairjy matdiod aRuinftt boy*— at Icoiat in Gcn>Knipiiy. Tlie Caun^il 
hA<1 Tto ^eairo to |ireji3dgi} ihis verj* dulicut^ qneatlon, but tbv/ ivw 
Dot willing lo mk llio cuufjuuud auccpas uf uimt Wfti^ still uuly fta 
Oipflrimutit, by tho introduction of i* totally now cUniL^ut; and thcM 
^^rU' schLioU from whkb nppUculi'io biid htxx^ roc«ived, wcro wf a 
iliOcreut tjpi) frk/iii tbuHe jiublif; mjJic^Ik wltiib. bjvl bithurtu Wen 
iavited to ccmpctc. Tbo [7nivcTeit4CA of Ojiford and Cumbridgo 
hftd, hcwover, ootJSL'ntbd t'> aUtrj the hehhqi of tboau vtio nhcwiHl 
tbe greatmt proticicncy iir gi^ogi'^jibj' nt t.Iib Local Kxumiu^LLuuB, 
iritli a viow to the Goograpbic&l Socloty ikTrardiug tbem priEoa; 
and ODD <]aDdIdito bud ulru^y b^ a prit^ ^ltou t>> bim umlcr 
tbf«e circncoafftiicea- He would Ve vevy glu^l ^f oiir> nf tho iiuil 
•uooo&eTuI ciJiupeliton for tboee ]jrJ7«H #bould btr a gul> I'bo 
fiubjcot Ibr tbo Public !>oIioo]g' J^iumi&atiotia next y(iar would b4 
" Afrioa,Soatbof tb« Eqiintor/* It bud b««n f^lt tbnt Africft, wbU'li 
bad becu so glorious a dnbl of gi^ig^iupbloHl liiJhcovcry, uugbt to 
be aonacwbat more carefully studied tboti it Lad y^t Ixxia by tho 
boya of tb« |inblio aoboobi It wha Ituv tbut it waa ritthor a largo 
fiuiijmt for trnatmnnt^ bui it so bapponed tbat t]i» j^grftpbical 
fcntiitcft of tbut vudt ooiitiucnt wejo rviiiui kubly Biiuple ; uid 
studtjntd would not nocd to trouble tbomwNoe Tcry muob with 
ibo pobficivl bUtoryof the intemr. Lust yoni, in wlccting tba 
Arctic ttegiuQA oh diu i^iibjoct for eiainiiiiLtioiir tbo Ci^uii^jil b«il 
tbo gTEut adrtmUge ariffii^g fiom tbo public iiktcrokt '(vbjob bad 
aitaolicd it«eir fo tiio Eiipcditioo uudor Capt^ifi NartMi, Thin yoar 
tberd WAK A HtintUr advuot^ge in tf>e interest niraitnl by LieuLenout 
Cnmeioi/d u^f^iiioinblejontn^y ; und if uo otbot rcftult waa uttaLUcl 
by thcai5 priies, thty would uot bo utterly u^clwa if ibuy ltd eoEno 
of tbo 11^031 int«lligtiDt boya in 1b« publitj nobooln to follow, wiih 
inl(?ro>t Juid i-ymputby, uiii^b <^x|n'diUuim ah tboso of Cupt^ia Saivs 
and Lim tenant ('amorou. expcditloofl in wbicb l^ngLiab ^uLlo- 
iinon, who migbt bavo been louitging nr iroiuaiut; tiw^y tb«>r 
ll^Ofl at borne, iL9 so mAriy do, bail prefi.'^i-red to endure untolil 
baiidabjp», and U> jjj«TiIfe»t tbij bigbijst (iby^ii^al and moral courage, 
not for tbi? Dakc vf icoin m- ptctumro, but from a puro loro of ditoo- 
TOT^', aud for iho odvaiicouLont of ftoienco and the bonour of tliair 
country. 

T^O Ballot for tbo Now Council woa Ibon tnkoo. Aud tbo 
rofolt deolarod by tbo ■omtiuooro to bo oa foUow* {tb« uomw iA 




Vbio ^ T^jvii ^ ih^ PrcMdttd. 



CXXT11 



TuJTcfl lieiog tUooe of the Ktrvr CovnciUorv. or lLof« ^o cIliiqj^o 
uffioo) : — 

Ptmimtt: Sir RaJJur/ont AlcorJt, E.C.B., Aft, Vien-Prrtntltnk : 
Maf^r-iienfml Sir Henry C- Rawlintott, HjC^i JiiQhi Htm. Sir 11. 
Uttiiia Fr^f^ UarLt tc.c.n. ; Kiftbt Jloc. Lord Coitcnkio ; Adinii'ai Hir 
Ahxandfr Nilttf. li.c.tt. JhtMta : Lcnl HonghfOD, pjc.T*, pji.«. ; Sir 

Jioq.iC.li., r.tiJi.i It. H. M]tj<>r, IImeh, r-^..4. Forei^ Sca^art/: Lord 
Artbur KQA*il, ii.i*. C^nfiJf«»; ^Lfmii-ni Sir C^Air/tf XToi-Jr^ K,G,n,, 
uc«u ; Jahu Ikl1.EHr|., f.k>. ; Sir T. Fouell Biutuii, Bait. ; ITtfti. 
Ot C. Srodrick ; Slf Goor^o CLiapbcll, K^^hI-. m.I'h -, OApUin l\ J. U. 

P.Ka.: Migur«(r(Tn<init hir Fredrrir J. GuIdMuid, m:^.].; Fr^iuuiH 
Uftlioa, lii*qH, r.n.A. ; Captiua Dtn^'jU^ Gidhn, b^, F.K.fi. ; C^vAc-i 
J, j1. Grant, c-tt- ; JfTjM'-GnuTral &> TT. iT JL Gt^^m, k.cai.; Vico- 
AiLmiiul Sir ^Niliiom H. Hnll, t.cii, ; Adwiral G. Ji. KiohanLi^ 

mny C Vemoy, TSarl.; G:i/cn«J ITmry Tul*, cii. Trt-iuarpr: 
i;dT.Ci>ukH.EMi. 



Tb« rnKKirsAT then prooocHJu) to rc^d hU AnnuaJ AdcUflW on tbo 
progTHfe of GuoRrttphy. 

Lord CoTTKiLoit rofto to propoAo a voto of tknnks to ^ir Honry 
Bawliiuwn tl»r hm oddnMs, with u rwiugat tiuit ha would cdlow it to 
be printed. All jim^^Tit, hf imli), inimt hav'> Iiaah highly graliAnl 
hy the uiaQiUnt of gv<i|n^n|ihicnl inforukutiou conTojod to theia in no 
i&tcroatiti]; d i-jna. Ihouj^h ho huJ not bcon u member of the 
Society quite ** viany yearn ah ibe Praiident, hrs bad *t**Ti it riw 
from vury aamll liegiiLniDgA Ut vLiry Inrgij dimuui^muii, l^i? Urat 
ucctiii;; he attended wiu in a snuJi drnwuif^-L-cfora iu Wluteh&ll 
Flftoe; but now njvin apodal oc(>aAioti« uv«xi bt. JumoH'A ]TaU w«a 

11 to i. I'Cfflmainl/itfj all whc» iWiivd tn Im |in"»nsiit. iln (initio 
ith tilt- Pi^eidput that tho Society hod given an impotuato 
gttogniphiOAl iKiionce and diaoovery, not only in thU country but 
tliicnghout EurtipB. Hu rcgretltul tlm rosigimtion or Sir Henry 
ItAwIiD^ou, whu for Cvu ycaia hail girou great atlonliou tj the 
iiil4jr«sU of i\ifi tiuOLOty, iLud <-ondLicttKl ila nfT^kiria ^vilh uvcn oe 
imtoh veal nnd aucci^ga na the Uraeixf«d Sir iCotlertck Miutrhisoa 
himaolfi wljo£c ecjuiil hv hnil ui^vcr cxpucted to find ui^cuiijiiig the 



exsTiu 



Sir H. C- JIiwUK&os"* Adtirtxs. 



diAir, Mixed witt hie Tw^rot* Iwwcvtr. there wa« the eonsoUlJ 
of knowing llial Sir ITeucy wji* \^ l>.' hui.'4Wml'xl li> ft getitlamau ot 
anoh (lidtiDgniaLtjil ability fu Sir llntltcrfbid Alooek. 

:^ir Ra(V»in Rawootc projicwil a votc^ cif flmnlu to the I'etirbg' 
MemberH cf Coua^sll, iho C\jmiiultc[^t the AuJitore, and 1h# 
iSoratincarH for the ycnr. 

Mr, Qeoiu^c PKAc^h' Mjoonded the moUon.and in doing %o«aid 
ovory fjiigliflbmaa miut feel [ir»uit tltat iiuch Jt Society cxUtvd, aud. 
Ui«t it vruu Hij &biy conducted i<>i' tlio boDutit and inDtiuction of thft 

Tbo rtwolutioEi wjifi a^«ed to, 

Sii' HafffiY RiWLiriaos »id tbo Followa would no douVl cxcui» 
bin tiKihing any longthonoJ npooob after TO(nlir»g tt> tJicra for two 
huiirv. lint Itu wjih IhhiiycI to nay th^tt hiii iinnduct of llie iifTtiiT* uf 
the Souielj liud Wa a lubour of bvo aiii il nijurce of gr«at gr^tifi- 
ontion to hjiu. llo oould not help foriML^nDg tbat ho flhoiild oft«n 
Tvgi-«t thut ho did not «till contiauo at bis old foil, but Ud *EvoiUd 
Uftvu tlio t'uuholuliuinirkuiiwmg thiittbp wtirk vaabting (JiorrJiighly 
well loi>kod /LHor by btr) fii<]ud Sir Ilaihurfurd AloCKjk. Thoro 
could ho no qucntion that tbo work of the PraKideDt, IhougL 
aTik-roriH, vmn of ibu duapcst intorcifit. and any (x^rsoii wLi> cngngod 
10 it wuiili^ fitid tlittt wliilo it> ocouptcd luciro aud mvtc of Lis tltua, 
it dfty by day acquired fiosb ictci-cftt in hia i>y<i« nud a hold npon 
lilHwbdlo mind and iitt^jntiow. Ht» h^d no donbt tUiit tfujii^fh Sir 
J1uth«ifonl Alcock mlgbt lind tbo dclniU b lilllo irk«onie at flrett 
bo wuuld, when bo got fnirly into lunnicg, fool that it woe really 
kn exciting ootrupntion. He blm»L*lf t'ouM not say Ibat he waa 
tukiiig Iifuve of the FtdUjWj^ for ho \\aA utill ibo bonoiu' of lotaluing 
4 pUo4> lunoug tbo vioo-pi^Atflcntt], und bi> bopod to b« juat na 
I'ognlu' in bill attAudnticx! tiX tbe ueclioga a£ Lit Ijod Ivoii 4:birb]g 
tbo lioio he h^td ucoijjtiod tba oboir. Ilia intercut lu rhu^tx'ioty wai 
not hy any Ju«ana ditalaioh^d. lie widbcd it wory possible auoocn 
in tbtf futurv — oe uiuoli 0.9 it hud iittjiitjod iu (bo p^i&i. 



I 
I 



( diix ) 



ADDRESS 

TO 

THE KOYAL GEOGlUPniCAL SOCIETr, 

Diiii-^otat the Anhiccrstjiy Mevtinff en (ht ttml Matj^Wl^ 
Br JilAJcn GENKitAL Sir XL C, Rawuksox, kXpB., pjua., 

P,0.t.> LL.]>.t ETC., PnERlDEKT. 




yoar vb-ich hu dapaod bidcq I bad tho bonuurof addm»> 
ing yon at the lut Antiivonaiy MeoUng htM iHXin on« of grt^t 
iuijKirtuticu tuiJiirSwit'ty, LoUiiu reganl to ourmatarlhl juvrnpniritj 
a»J our ffoioiuiflc tt^TuUttioQ. It haa vritscwcd, ou tho udi< LahJ, 
onr|iawi«gi>or thikt Riibiccniof 3000pcijiiigMemboii, vHicbhoflofieQ 
Imwh Ajuigucd UH (]]» limit of oar ptrHiiiljIt? ei[UkiiiuiJtt, It W wit- 
ikvMod. ou liie *^l]i'>r Lull], iLo sitcceeeTal tccoiapliilimont of by {la 
liio iDOSt Mriouu G(kO|;TUphit!&l cntorprbe in u^liicb tho S^ciotj Jias 
DTv Ixwn yi-t ungjigvd. 14iu ui^l iiivr«HiHti of Uio pni^t yatr liu not 
^nallctl, it u» tiut*. iLo (MCcptiouaJly krgo aosu^ioii vrliioli wu 
tc OUT ran lea liurin^c the firoGcdiiig twi^lvQiooath — tho inoTCOiSe 
ono poricd bomg 200, um ugHiriMt ir>0 diirmg tho utber-^but 
it luui fiir uxtM?vili:i] tlio liv^is^ auEJoal ALigiuunLitlon vf tlie lut ton 
jurv. vid it haA mr^ieuv«r now fnirly lA"n«bo<l ue into <>ur jbui^ 
Ihoiivandof Ordinniyor paying Fcllon-10. Tlic foU^w^ng brief «t4t^ 
morktof figure* will Hpmilc lar^ra ifIcx]U»&t1y bm to tlm tluuruAiing ccoi- 
ditiou ot llio SucioLy tli&u Any dvwription in wordiv 1ioivot«t fiUL 
OtiTt«tal nnmbora now amount to 3l0fi,cf wbom 3n& arc Urdicary, 
•udTl nru Honorary Folkiwa. Ojir(nron»edtiHngllie your 1075 woa 
Tetj' titurlySOOOL Our Iloiisu and &LtTirv» Jn SftviluICowate vuluod 
tt 20j>00^, oar tibrnry and Mape may bo oatinutod at 6000'., and 
Vr6 bavo ^boitt lO.OCO/. iu\'USl«<1 111 pnblio Kxrutitioi. But thofto 
I ^ flgnmt, altbou^ti ftliunJwtilly proring out nirtUtHnl iiiXrtjH^rily, do 
l^kiot at &U ador[Uffl1oIy loprciont our improved poaitioQ in geuorml 



% 



«nz 



Sir H. C iUvrLiSGOS*^ AJdrtts. 



GatimntioD, Id my opKtAn^ A^ldroes at tLo oozamonDfiiu«Tit oi 
tho SoAfliort T hftd <i<-oiifdnii to nirpticn th« d«if«r*iict« tbnt wui 
pfUil til cjiir Socintj hy tho tioDgtniihom of Curopq nt Om Vt^TiH 
Internatiorul CoD^rooH cf last aiitujun — a tlofuroDCi} tli^t iv&« njot 
dud to cur iLQtjqtiity, for b^^lh the Borlin and rftris St>o«*do« 
urti older ln^iiiutlaat^ lluiii uur uvn. but which i^ua jiaid to un '^ m 
r«gftrd to cur number*, oar wealth, j^rjd our Jnfliicnoe^ ftud oep«- 
<aAlIy bocAuse, lu tlu» patroiu of dvooveiy cuid tho ^^nrdian* of tho 
bcHit intcTeats of GL^i^^mpliy, ive were admift^l to W al tbtj licud at 
t])LA dijfitutintut of AucELCc/' And ocrUinly our canxir aJuco tba 
dato <)f my Addroie hcLS aot boon ono of dcroj^ticn from thid high 
pontkt], but lift*, on thi* noiiTmryj aiigment^i our mputation. and 
Improved our lucaiw ijf fVittiro Uftcfnlnw*. Tbo biilliatit *iicccm, 
i&dood, wbicb hoc attended uwt deputation of Lioofonant Cameron 
to JUnca> ha« drawn th« altonfion of tbe whoI« civiiuod world to 
the mat^iludo and impurtaQCO of our ucdarUkking*. It vfouM ba 
QBWortby of iLiit ^^«t Sooicty to oJaini nn «xol()aivc credit, or erta 
a prvpoudera^ting ubarc of oredit^ for th^ magrii^cont rteulU of 
Td*«f(*rmnt i'iun«ron"ti joumt^y. To ibe uiiJiiiifiW trnvpllnr bim* 
Bolf, who, in bib solitary cami> on Lako Tangauj ilia, coaco;rcd tho 
grand di?sj^ of traoin^ the LmUaba 1o thn r^ia. and who, in pur- 
gtianco of thnl dcvign, ptw^eeded fu Torino hii way to tho Wost^m 
Boa'Coiiel m Iho fao« of all difBcultio* And duugrra, and tindnr tha 
,.lnild«Q of a oiuflbin); personal reeponaibiUty, muflt bo cuioHbed tho 
)hlef honour ^f Urn (^iitoq^rino ; but i( vn\{ always lie our prido to 
ratncnibi^r that iho Qnognphicttl Sonioly, aolitig jiti Tniaron fcr tba 
public, t^nabkii LicutonaDt Cameron in lUo firnt instanooto roach 
LakaTan^C^tnyika with It duo provinion of o^nipnir>nt and vvpply; 
and tbiit thrcitiglidut liin suljtRKjuc^nt okfilorurion^ althoiiKb iindfr- 
taken witLo\it our (xprwwd satictioa. wo have cbwjjfnlly naot 
all bia calls upon na for ourront and oontingont eipouditnro. Wo 
boUoTo it lo bo t>ur vontion nnd onr difty» na far ttA otit meazis 
tnU<uiJ, tLiiB to diTool and oric<jurai;« hU entcrpiinm tor thn advano^ 
nant of Ooo}rttphi[>al knowlcdKo; and when ourrat*4ua ana prirato 
Bociaty Qto Liuuflltnvnt to fVrpo with the hoary ourlay inoidont on 
Kuch uudcrlakingic. wliiltr, at tLt^ tama timo, tw in ihn jtrnunt raao, 
ih» r*«ult» obtained arc of a Dati<>Dal^iiluiu*ir- uf u world-wide— 
[mporlonoo, we know tluit wo raay rely with oontidfinoo both oin 
the aid of a j;enonnut pnblEc and iho support of a disoriminating 
QoTorntncaF. 
1 muvt rofor to my ^ovombot Addrow, which hiut alrcailyap- 



I 



Obihiary* — ^finnAjjvTi 



cvcxt 



pMT«d In our 'Proo««<1ingB,' Tor & Iteport <tn nil thc«» nnxtt^^n of 
current G«ogrti]ihIcAl intermt, Itorli at \it>mt? Ami hIiK'AiI, wluub 
occurred duiinfe lojrt uninmeT and nutiimi). Our pATtiaipation in 
1h« worV of thfi Fariii Tniflmnti^nfll Ton^HA cif Q«o^phorR, JuiA 
€»f ihrt lubtnjiitEjt Miiifiiiig of the Jti ififlU AnnxTiitUoii al BrinLol, will 
b« ih/vft found (llttlj noUcvd* and U ia noodloBs tlien^foro to ropoat 
iba Tooord. 1 tk%il, ncoordicj^ly. pnicood at onco to whixt k t p&fn- 
'Alt, but^ at till] latiif: tiiiLfr. a bijleuin uuti obl^gatorj^ duty— a coii- 
wdtfffttioa of Uio IoA»c« vrbicli wt luiTo nuUtDod duiing ih*> p&Hi 
j««r from the death of so nuny of oiir mnt Tftlnod and vtott (Jitf- 
liriguished ABcc'ir^li*!. 



OBITIJAHY. 

McTizi^Tarjt, o,b» — Our Into Hoiionry Co ii oBpoadi 
r, M~orn<«r UTiiudQgVT, was bom on tbo 4th o£ April, 1893, «f 
dtim, in thft ronton or Solothura. Sw:t»pr]and, Ilis futhftr, JoAopltJ 
Mtttiiinger. picvious to Iho joar 1848, wan mngjatnito in bia O«utoii,i 
and vnbacquont to that time nua i>]<;ot(id ono of the auTon CouaoilloTS 
4kf Switt^Tbuid, occopying % Cbnir in tho Fodorxl CouocU at B«mt) 
tiaWl !8i5fi, tho year uf bia Ocalt- Thw tdni-atiou of young Muu- 
ui^S^ CommnkOCd at Bo)onro> in tbc GyianihAiiirn of Ibftt ciFy, acd^ 
WAf tompUUd at tho UniTOTbity of Berne, in wbioh bid mtioh-lovod 
«1d«<T brother. Dr. WaJtor MunKirigor, siibswinienlly becaiue Pm- 
icncnr of I.avr. It yraa hi* fftibcrn dcoiro Ihat bo i^boiild ttudj 
in«dkin«» but bis ari^ont imttgtoiLtion. revolliDg in Orii^ntal Btoiyj 
anil thft narratives of grtat trRVplb*n<, f^iild not bn bmngbt: ttm 
to vo proMLo a por^t, uid be ndoptod for tbo ^n^o the atudy oJ 
philolog;)'. Ihiriog 1hi> yeoi^ 1830-1 M.TiaBdiif^ Btndiod tKt th^ 
TTaW^irBdy of Mnnicb, and, on his rptiim borne, went To PhH*, and 
atndrcd tbctrr^ Ifi^biiMT cmd lUo modorii l^tn^ngcs. Ilia tliriDgbti! 
TTftfc new turned to Iho East, And ha luft Parin for Cnirv, whoro bo 
tp«nt twelvo Tuonthn in tho r^ni^t stnily of ibe lAQgiiug^jv of tbo 
country. Tho i^xlmiTslinn of hi» fincwiPial meitna th&a conjjiflled 
bin to take n iiitiialion in a Fr«acH Enarcantilo boii^c, and having' 
won the oonfidc^no^of the principuJe, ho waa sont on huxinevB iu ono 
■of thHr T«iinU*o th<* vnricm* port* (if Iho I^tiI 8m, It was on Ms 
voyago that bo finit saw tbo liltly iditnd of Massow*, whii'h wna 
aflfin^rila to hocomo hJe r^iilfnoc, and tho centre of tho mobt 
important fre^nts of bin life On ihu comjib^tion of hU ©ngngera^nt 
with tbc bV<nch boUE^^ bi.* irtunitid tv MoMowa on bis uwa afCtirv, 



CXXXII 



Sir IL C> Rawlissos'* Addrttt. 



and ft< FroQcl^ OoiuniL IIu lovo of cxplonatioQ Jed him Hm^n 
ufidorlnko vcLTiou* oxcunioiui in thu interior, duis^y to IKogcn, wbic*h 
CCitwti'j' bvcrnnt* the Hilbjvct vt fni fititt llli>n4ty pr04l1i4Tti1.n1, ^tntitltvl 

* Tbo Law* and CrwtoQi« of the ToopJe of Hogo*,' » woi Jc puMUlit^d 
in 1350, iJluHtratcd Iv n map oompiltsd from lib own ourrcya, bjr 
M- X M. ZSoglor of WSt^u>rth«T. A portion of Ihi* work \\%\ 
piwloiwly upjkearcJ in Multcr DniD'n ^Nouvcllea AnnaleM den 
Voyttgco/ in JSi^pttTiibor, 3658. AnoUi^r Memoir^ * On it* Korthom 
Border Coimlris^ of RaImiacK (Abi^ftninu)' onme out in tb^ ' Zeil- 
nclirift fiir AllgciLL<;iij<] Kitikiiiidt;.* Ik-jlin, Niru Folgo IIL, p. 177. 

Jn tbt) year l^Sl hi? w&m vngn^pod tui a Momlxir of iL^ (jcnman 
Ex|>edit]on In senrch of tho coUbmlcd Br. Togel, firvt nil philologist 
nra! nnnrwnrdH iw nhipfof tho Gxpolltkiii, an at^nount of w-lijch wna 
[^ubK«bcd in Pt^Unnant/A * Gcograpluacbo MittLfjilimguu,' 1862, 
p. 08 (' Er^an^nngflbofto,' No>.6— 13). ln]B63 ho ptud n Yiait to hiA 
rfldvooonntry, after an ahwstifw of ion j'nara: but ho had b^ooiol^ 
by hii l(»DB naiilvncc, ev luibiLuiitod tu U^v {jvcr lifa of tbo Bo^M 
counfjry and ita vnnophiAtioatod pcopk tb&t L« eoc-n got tired of the 
convonlimial polish of n clviliwd c^^untry, aad inado srrarig«mei:Lt« 
fijT hw apocdy mluiii. lie employtil \\U timn nhiljit in Switwrland, 
bi:<Wf^vor» to K^^ pttrpoi^o in vrnrkinic up bia citoniiivo A&ioan 
knowlodgt?. and, M nault^, published in lSti4 hU mo«t importaot 
b(V)k, 'OnLafrikaniNube Stiidit^n :' li^dsB Hmalliir trrtatiras, such U 
'VucabuUiro do U l&Dguo Tjgie' (Leipzig), nud otht^m. T!« 
rotTiTEiod to 91aaBowa in 1SC4. S<>^u aftorwurdii (^omzticnccd tho 
tronblaa with King Th&>Joro. of ALjHiinia, whi^h led t« tho 
Euj^jsh Ki^iccliticnQf lS(i7. Tu tJio prv para tii>iia f<ir thin Fsfwidkiriti, 
oapooiolly as rogi^rdia iccuiinuitring tbc allcrDativu ruiitoa between 
Ihi* icTa anil tho AVryetininn Highlandfi, Mim^in^or rondorod t;roat 
(kurvico lo iho lCagUr>h forcci. Coloiiol (in>w (lUiiiTral Sir WilliftTn) 
MnronrotlKT, our Political KrMidcnt at Adon, who, ha ia woli-known. 
direoted all ihflBfl priipaintjimn, obUined for Mfinzinii<ir the jwrtt of 
Britinh C<*ninil at Musowa i" Ontnhor, lfif>fi. Thy 7ejil, fidelity, 
and ability with which be fuISilod tbo nrdiiona dutJua vrhiidi aalk 
noquontly Juvolroil npon him w«reat tbo timofroolyackoowlodg^. 
OiirlTig thfl rnrly prt of IBAT bu ao(Niinpiini#d C^loubl Merowotbof 
to Ailot and tho pUtMu of Agamuttu. and ronghl/ «orvey^ two 
pasHOH into tho intorior in tho dtreclion of Kinquor. In Jiiuoof 
the »ino year ho nndortooK for the sarDO pnrpuae of dieeoToring 
thn belt ruuto fjr thu Hiiglinh aniiy, an anhjoiia and ImlHimo 
joomoy tbKiugb tbo iittloknown Afar country, lying botwwu 



I 



OJhtAuiPjP-*— JUWjtri'n^> 



cxzxiii 



I 



t 



i 



:m\mi\la T)ny And ihfi Tciwer «)'7|xw uf tbu Al>yn[n]ti]> platnftu, ftn 
^coount cf which, iLhuitintcd bj an cioellDiit nuip supplied hj 
bimwlt', wn>s pubUvhod in th« 30th volume of ©ur ' Joimol.' Dwriiig 
tho inHtx^l ot ilie Eipodilion toMa^dAlft. MiiriKm^r nMrEnijuirled 
Ojlouel Memncthcr &• lErtcrprotBrt fnr v]jtx;h Lib llim^u^li kiiow> 
Mgo of AnhiLric und EngliKh, hin looftl knovrlcdjc^, nnd hJA havJt 
canniMntftTV canAniri. irith ihfl T)ntf»«i. well fift*(l him. Wi^n a 
tipeoiDl miKiioQ to Hdasu. the Prince CffTi^^, vru dutorminrid on. 
Mvmnitgi^r wu ulsm found i£idi£pccs&blt> da interpreter to Colonel 
Gisnt, tbo chief of ths iniasion ; nnd when u^arvr MagtLiLw, ho wofl 
eaqilojcd on & fttill more dclkCAto miBMion. m d^vainoe of thi> ('i|k^ 
ditioDUj ibroos. nam«ly, to the camp i>r TXidji^uh MuthcAhft. Iho 
udft of GobuE^Ji, bjr whi<!ih be ob(&mrd tli&t cnot infurmaTion 
Rguiliiig thct inpiigmphy of thn ta^oti whirh muhM him t/> po^nt 
otrt to the Ei]g]i«h OocmsiftDdoi^in'Chicf the best route to Mftgd^A. 

It u gruklly tu bo liunoitted ihftt lho«e Mrvioce to tho Dritiiih 
Ejt]h«d[tf(in tkilrfl to meet with dno rawnn) nnd rDongtiUion on ihtt 
portof oui Quvonimcnf, It »na only nflor conMdemWi? r^xtcmjtl 
mflmtioe vsa broiigbt to bnir, A&d aftor a quoation had fc««« 
tifcod in Pn^liomcnc by &fr. M«lly, that tb^ C^'mpnnioniihip of 1h« 
Bitb was uiTvrcid lit UilTJ. Sir 1l4tilt?riok Miiicbiaim, bnukr^J hy im 

ftddrou Ht^od bv «1L th« l«ftdlDg idod «f scionco of Swil»rl&ni]. 
ondoavourcd to obtA^n for him moro vubit&ntJAl recognition, btit 
faU<HL 

lu IBTO Muiikiu^r aocompaniod CupUm MilM on hU c-ioiirAioti 
from Adcm into tho intmor of f)oulhorn Arabin, an acconnt of 
which wu pTiblifib*d in vol. ilLof tbo ' Jourtial" of Uiis 8'wlety. In 
ho uut^-rt'J lh« Kgyptiftn Sorricc ft« Boy, In !ft72 bt- waa 
to tho nnk of i^aaba of Mncaowa, and booh af(orward« ihd 
I'uihalilc of Suabim waa «ddi>d to his Oovemmpnt Hin Affortt 
ImOBforwArd diroctoi to the ilovolopmont of tho icxwir^ of 
^onatry, extending from the dioTce of tho Red 8e4 to 
Rnnfi Hv oat^hliAhed a B^st^m of waicrnmpply for Maupwft, 
ui4 ooaatrac:C«d n dyke lo ocmncct the Joijiud with Qxt; mainlftn*!. 
All hi« energies were directed towurda tho imprcvcmciLt of tbo 
pt^io cominittod to hi« Cftre. 

Afknr thrM years of |H;iu:«fiil Wfo in bia pmibolik, the ileAignu of 
the Egyptian Goxemmtiiit with tt^g&td to AbyattTiiii ncccMsitated the 
lUipftteli of Munzingor to tbo ±iouthorn Kingdom of fth'^a, and h^ 
Mtoffon thiH ill-fated Kxpedilicin on the Isl of October, I&75, Tb» 
popuUitoD on the route to (lie CApibil of Slioa wuro hoetUe to llio 

VOL- iLVI. k 



oxsxiv 



Sir H, C. B^WLDCfiOX'' Addresf. 



EgypTJ&n Miaiicn, and p»f nr«d ui (irolwiiefldo to dftrfjoy ihe wU«ltr 
Bzp«ditiuDi&ry party : few rotanii:d t<j iA\ thi: dieiaati utik hiffry of 
tK« lu^flocre ol thoir Uftdtr luid bid foUoir^n, From tho orocmnt 
given by «qrvivorrf. it afpeitTe thai Alanxingcir, Aoeompnaiieil by liT« 
wifu, IttuiJnl ut T;\jurm uji thv? ^tii uf Ootubori uud l«fL tlx4t pUc* 
lor tho intoHor ca tbo 2Ttli of tli« niontb. IIia KjiprditioTt oonaiBUd 
of ZbQ fluLiliere^ 2 gnaE, imti 4S cmnotit^ ItH orrand wa« to 0]>i>n Up 
tint r*.pjnl l^etwi-^n Tajnm ftnd Anki^bor, nrd enter inio ooniiTiunfrH- 
titm with Kinii Mca^kk, au mivuy frum wbotu, Ras Biiiu, who hntl 
bMU en th luusion to tli« Kb«divo, waa ivtamtng in compaixy with it* 
On renohiog L&ko Airesa, <m tho 14th of TfovoruTur. tbo EipeilitlnTi 
ma AtUckud id ilib oiglil by & Wg4) body of G^Uan; a djflA»trQn» 
retreat on/m^^d, and Aluminsorandlus wifeworo «tracfh ilown whiUt 
«trugglin|{ t^iilLuiiJy againiit overwhoImiDg Trambors with Ami&lt 
party of Jii« ndTowent- Of tb^ wbole Eifml itioiiary p»rty, iliwn 
cnly Hurrivcd to rclTirn to Maiflfjwa and tell the fltnry of the 
diAME^r; and a vtory moro burowint; in jta dotaila baa rur«ly boon 
gjv«n io the woild. The wort of bntobeiy waa carried on for rlaya 
along tho lino «f rel.reat oFor tlio uihoipitablo deeort, odo of tbc- 
SuTOpoona, iiirr Uuggcmaohcr, droppii^^ doikd froxa. oithaiutjon on 
tbct fourth day. niitrivlTigcr waa loft, at bU own request, to Hlo. 
ivlivn tltcro w^t utiil a obai^co of vomo of bid atCoodantA rjcapinf; 
wilk tb*jir livflfl ti> Iho coiwt. 



I 



Tho MarqUL* do RJ irA I1a!C[>kii:a- — In our obirunry liht of tlio 
pnaent year wo hnvo tt> rtcord tho Iom of one of tho mo«t iltaatriona 
of our Honorary CctToapondtug M«mb<?rp, tbo Isto MurqQU do i?d 
da nfflnd^^TAj who, aa a snldinr, a vitatfiainflD, and a cTtltfTatciT of 
literatnro, bad fur £fty yran bold a proniiiiniit poaltiou in PbrLUKal* 
and wh<i haa left a srimo which will orer bo honoured and romoni' 
b«Tf>d wilb affociTon in the history of his coiintTT. 

Ho wan Weh in 1 7^5 ; and at tho ago of fiftoen* v^hsii Tortuga} 
WW* invaded by the FreDch. ho enlii^ted ob j* volantcer in a cnvnini- 
itipntont^ and, an tiirob a timo wn« faxxiurnhlA tc- promotiot: for a 
yonrig afSoer of m->rlt, in Ipl'i ho was proiootM tf> a rnvnlfy iimi' 
leminoy. In 1814 lio wn* aoTej'cly wnmndod at Violin, near 'IWbca, 
in tho Dopaitmtnt of Oers, in Franoo. Ho lay hvlpUw on tho 
gTOTiod, with two vahro-cnta on tba beaili a ^pmi^tbiiitit in tho 
«ll>ow, Aitd lw>> woiindit in tho rij^bt aidr, and wniild have porJah^ 
hail not a FnjQch offiaor, who was out m purmiit of tho pltatidaron* 
of tho duad, found him 8ttU ahvo, and uudor^ing tho opantion 



I 





Olntvary.-^^Mfir^iM eh Sfi ^ nnnd^trit. 



ncxxv 




P 
I 



I 



^ 



of btfisg- pillaged. The olB^pr iiam^UUlj r&iacKl blm, ^vo Lim 
ralief, uid touk Lim pritOTjur^ 

la l&i2 wa find him rjdttod la Ibo rank of IjicntenAnt-CQlonol fbr 
'in tho Axi^rofl- In tlio action of Alto d» Uoudoin, 
iHli Aivil war bi;)tiirp«n iXjin I'tdfo Uii I>om Migiiol, bU 
ri£|ht olbow w(u fnotnrod by ft WL With dctormincd AtoicUm^ 
b« loeiH tin vronni u ^cxtiU J^^ led Ubi Imi^ to vitilury ugjuuHt 
ft &r enptrior furc^; bui his ftriu bad (J^nvaiclt) t<] bo tmpu- 
tAt«d. Kor tliiA net cf htrcinm ho waA i^trnrdgd nitb tbo mAk 
qF Officer of die Tuwer and SwoitltKad tbo litl« of Bftrou doS^ ilii 
Bwdoiro. 

For ft Bboxt timo In 1334 ho yr^A UUitv? O^vomGr of tho 
Algarro, aikI, on rvtirEag (h>m this |)OAtv he cailCTed t^c Alinialry, 
Id IHCT bo was mado Liontotiiiiit of Hi* llnjoAt/ in iLo tturthom 
prorlDOON cf tha kingdom. He was macT UiDCft MiuittoTt And 
ftlwftjAonlb&Hideof tbepaoplo; for, althoughaclftiiitabMoaftrdUAt, 
and ^eToteill^ Io^aI f-o tiro hoiiHt of Bregiuizu, bd Irwt iii> oppoitanity 
of OOlUCicntiodaLy dcfoodin^ tho Hpbt« of tho lower cbwci. Wbil# 
bo wui in uQio(» aftor the rorolution cf the 9th of S*ptomb«r, l&3ti, 
FloartDgftI viiK Inrkbtod to him fiir Iho ostebH^nieiit of tb<i falTriwing 
inxpofftant kEiAtiluticfOfl :— ^Tho I'olytechiiio .School, tho Ainij Scbool, 
tho indtutriul Inatitulu. tbo A«xdcauy cf tho Fin« AilSt and tho 
CcinR(^rTMonr> of Drftmadc Ait. It vrm in bJH Miniitlry nho that 
thirra WJiM iHvntxl tbo Decree nf the LOlIi of DttceiiLlHtr^ milfl, a1ii>liab- 
in% alftrery. Tbcro woro two i^at objcola ta wluch tbo Marquia 
<1o8i&dft Bdcdvira devot«d tho oiiorgiaa of bij li&, riB.,lljoaboLitio& 

of tbo aUv^tnubi and tbn rmrtiAc^tiMnn of liinlioii. 8» rianifiit «BO 
he in ibo formor coum. that bis c^al wdd for biia tho nano of " Tiio 
Wiiborforeo of i'ortiif^L." Ho wuh a gr«at |i>vor of Otognphy^ and 
wy proiid of being nn nrdiomry C'nrrrKpnpfliiig ItfRmlmr of nnr 
Society, In a piirato letter* tlio MtrquiH do £k>ii»i IJoItttuin. spnak- 
ing of ibo Ttoontly'0«ftabbHb«il UoojrruphioiJ tiuoiofy of Liabon, 
■aye : " Onr j^oud Friend tlir iLlorquii do Si did not Uvd Ij) cno the 
Mfllnient <if the dcrtiic uf aUIiIh life. Il iauwiui; lobia c^orU that 
tliil iiapilBD b&sbcen giv«Q to KOORiiopbio&l atndic^ in our country." 
tiocgnpby ia iod^htod lo Ibo Mnrquiii, in oucjutictioci vrilh Lioat.' 
OoUmal Frmondii dji CiutM XtfaUfor ati biivllriit loap of Angok^ 
vldcli waa ptibliohcd ut Lieboa ui 18S8. It wus tbo Marquia do S£ 
^Bftodeba who, in l^V^t crootodon tho promontory of Su^^ta^ nccir 
Olpo SL ¥iDO«nt,a monninent tci itu forTitcr n^sLdent, Prince Henry 
the Navigator, Co whom tbo wtjrld i* iudebtod for tbo dlftoovery, 

A2 




4 



I 



CXXXVl 



Sir H- C. RaWLDJBOB'* Ai4r9ti, 



wIthTn one century, of one-bftif of tha g1ob« wliich it inhAblt^ 
iiicluilid^ Aiutmlift. 

The doocAiod iioUcmiui vr^v> tho ilrit Ikron. \ incoucit, sad UuqiUs 
ii« Su da liiknJuiriL, Hud I'^rr (wtilv<> y«urt( boforu h\% death li« bad 
li«in a Gimpml of Divlnirm. In thn noWr> Wf>riiH tif hJn c^p]bi|»1t, 
Jnditod bir iiimMlf. wo havo oq epitome cf hia oHancter. It Hflqria : 
"* Jn HL^Tving bis (xrnntr)', ho w>n'«tL bis ctwti conviotiona* Ho dlcf 
mttiifiHi ftTid hi» country owes him nothing." 






Count Asrsiu*LE E-lmukzi* bom nt Ibo bcpnumg of tho c«titary 
in Bolo^At wikR cno of those who moat dlli^tiUy ^trcfve to avralE^ 
wciA dfffitse in Italy the lovo of goiigrii[>bLcaI studies At ■ limr wh^m 
thcj w«ie Dogleoted, and dmost ejicluded both fron public And 
private Bohoulfl. Thi> G^ogriiphioal Sodetioa of PtLrie and London 
lud only bsen establiihed a. fnw j-earSf when Rttnnsri ©utertainejl 
tbo hope that a eimilur iiistitutiuii might L? founded in Italy , and 
Dt tho oloso of 1H35 ha commonood, with t.hia object in viow^aa 
apiutoUry correspondenois with th* Comwendfttor© Ciistoforo Negri, 
tTiL^iL n yuung PrufL-nHur in Mildn. Italy lit^in-: divulod Intu muiiy 
tftat^, and tlio spiril of condiiuation cvorywhciM reproKHod by poli- 
tical Auipicion, and it being impcieHible to uumato, through thd 
En'^dhim of un uiconru^ing and popular praiw, tho tl-ilI itfftt ion cf tho 
fjnd idt^a of Ttanutsi and of Negri ft becauio a fuiluie. What 
wa* wiuilod wiiH that their viowg should bo formnlated and brought 
bcforo public attention, ho t}iat indinWricv mif;Lt W, awnlconoi - 
faui the uLturanoo wtw wanting, and \h\s plarj full lhi-uu|chi NvirtsT'^ 
tholo«K. Ifanneni undertook tho pubIi<ukt]on of a Goofrraphiofil 
Annual, wbiob.vhen the drciimstaiKun of tliu uuihornnd tho timot 
were taken into oonBideration, had rcfll morlt, and dw^erv«d % 
greater oiitjulation ; but it cinly lutod for throo jtMK With Iha 
ev«nta of lt^4ti w n^w light dawned upon Italy, but Aoon it booomo 
GonltuAd \it Pioduiont only, and even here |x>liticftl anxietit^K mter* 
ferod wit!t the c&lmneiss and serenity of ntttdy- Al lungtli. with 
tiiD vmr of 16£0, tho barriers began to ^vi^ way ; thi^ minor States 
Onnnbl^d awny^ and rapid progress was tnado t[>wird« tbt- nniTy of 
iho nation. Goant Ilann;c£i entered on tho iutT(<i^i of poliLi(vv ^^ii*! 
waa appointed Qovotuot of some loading oitiea, and notably of 
Sienna. Although ho continnod to enUrtMin a keen love for gco^ 
graphical vtudico, ngei the uuccBsi ty of eco^ifiiuy. and ihe ixiiiii)tttiunft 
of his o&r^r, pravautod bim from agjkin attempting ki lay tho 
foundation of an Italian Oeographiooi S^I&tyT ^^ to contiiiuo Ih4> 



4 



« 



Ohtlna ry. — Knuit:^ — Dafiiur^ 



cxxxvil 



Am&iULl. At Ici^lh liL* hmllli failed him BOino ycAin bcEbro hi» 
A^th. Bui nuw ttrioughi^t lu\y ihi* timc^ were bvuuanitig caoi> 
■Hnijiiil ami mum frT3L% 11]« piv«<, i'l ^ liiiiittreil ftrtlul^, liii 
»cmiLinlcU Ujo t^otiut^e iJii>[x/uiidi.'d, aud iuviuJ cjmiUtion. In. 
addition, tbo Notion&l (jk>vcnimcnl gbTo iU support ^nJ cEioi>ui^a> 

\t. Now t^ old friumW aud cotD|>«lxlonA i-^f Omnt Ifuni 
Wt •111* oiH-'uly tj unfold [\i^ Luuui^r, «tad to nuku it i iclnrioufi^ 
TIkftltaliut (fvo^aptuorkl Scioiotj wnii funndcid mnJnly ihrougli th<? 
instrunieiiialirv of HuiTiEffi'ft old fritnJ and cci^jofor, 1)i« Com- 
m^ndaUirt! CrUiufuni Ntfgrl, wtio Income it« fint PreHidont, 



Goii&nil IlcjFOUB.— Tbu caaia(>Qt gcogruph&r, for Tuany yonrt 
knoWTL t<* iti« HcierEtitir world m Plrnctnr of tho To|>i>gtnptii{3il 
StiiTej of BwJtKGiland, von one of cur Ugiiorarx ComjApoudiu]^ 
tb«TS, h&viog U.VD (tlouEcd iu IHti^. Uo boloog«d 1c ft G«Tiovo«^ 
iDyof oldfltAodmg.and^vaitlMm in J7T4T ttConsiiLnwidimiig Uie 
tonipuraty cmfgiatioii of his faniilj fn>m tlieu' lutite ult/, JXt wu 
too jouiig ti> fiwl llki^ ohaDge ^hstn liiit wuuto* ^^^ auiioxcd 1o Ui^ 
Fmnch Ecipuldic^ In 179^. In bb onrlj yearn He nhowtd Lut IIlUo 
ApUtuJe fur study : Imt hp-viuj^ iimnt liy vLuiivn i-f Una vxiHt^liCO of 
tho £ocliJ Pul) tuc-Iuiique at PtLrtH> ho irjw noixcd wlrJi & desire to 
ontot it, and bccAtiio cmo of its mo&l stt^louv nud -Mo pnplU. In 
Iho CLAiiiitmliuij uii t-iitrnng thu u.^liu(d lih whu mltJiilUni wirU llw 
l40tL niik vuly ; but At tUir «iui of foui- mvELLli^ lie cxcb^Qtc^d tbii 
homiliuting punif ioij fi^r \h,it i Ith rank, uud in \uk tliau two y^ri 
tiB kit HH r>tK. ATtui ItEn tti-BLt <*ititiuLriulmii lio wii» piumuUd to ihm 
nak of »«r|cru[it^ juid ^^u« cimUvd by biA juy to oontribulc to Xh^* 
tfup|«tt oi bill tuotbor, who hud boon Jelt in AtJiaUnQd oil'ouca- 
sUnre*. AfU»T bU brilliant, final ^KAiYiinMlon, bn bad th^ pr^wfcM^t, 
occotrdiag to tbo iouUdo of tbo «chixjl, uf impending two yeftr* iu 
OOO^MntiT^ly cony dludion aqJ plu&Bdut imLbiry life at the Hchooi 
of Prociicftl EnginejrrtrLg et Molz; but young eiigii}«trfl vara Ibcn. 
gtRklly needed, and be vraa burrkd off from Mvtx witb four otJier 
,pu tby order <if Nopi>lcon, to proceed to forfti, tlioo rcotMitly 
red from the VoD^tjau Uepubljo. 

At Corfu jonng Dufimr tnd bia wrnjuinions were plaeod imder 
Ib^ comnumd of C^lunci Baiidiuud, yr}iQ had ihr^n tbc uukuagciccnt 
of Ibo forfiiiQAtionii jn (bo loninn JkIaqUm. DuLing iW uarly puit of 
hiM utiy bens Dufi.ur wr^.lp, witbont xiny aid fr<Hn liooka, a licntis* 
ou pvtBiJoctlvt;, A subject wludb ^va* olwayn d fiiiouiilc oau ivJlU 
bim [u aHm-Iifo. WUnn Corfu ww blookodod by tbo luoglUb, b« 




waa miLdt> tcmpor&riJy prisoner by a hiMi-jituiy uf llio ikwiilimts, 
hnTJng hf^n vniiwii wliild awimmitig in 11l«i unn, nftor Iming lodly 
hxtrni hy an rxplndon of c«Ttri<lgi*R : but lu' ww bh luiuJi iajtuvd 
that ht> wtuf landed nenin at Corfu by hU tcpfora, 

AC t1i« p^MSO ci ttll4 ho WM relinTecl by * Royal Hnot tnd tnkon 
t(i M«i"KflilliMi : imil Fifhir Nnpolotiti's return fri>m Klba, lie woiiom- 
pluycd in aa 4tt«u]it tu luiio ll lino uf fcirLiliL'^KoTiA biuund LyOEiA 
fkgf^n«t th>> Ai^bli-]ftii4» On l})0 <lir-4i>ltition of tho frcncb anoy After 
tho baftlu of WfltarUm, ho wa* nlloirvd to withdraw tn G^novtt, on 
Wf-pay, iind with tho dcccnfttian cifthc CroM uf Honour, In 19lt 
ho YfOtis olTi^rid A coiumiind D»t Brian^ou, on Hit coiiditit^nuf ndoptiiig 
the Fr«noh natioualily ; hnt ho had rOflolreil to «>Tcir ]iinu«lt from 
the French (connection, nnd T^fuwd tho off^, rBsnming hifi Btatna m 
n Swira dEir^D, lo which he cdbercMl Tor Ibc remainder of his li^ng 
nnd honuumble lifts llc^ morriod in tbe aimo yrsir, ISlTi and trtu 
soon after promoted to the rank of Comtnandani of Engine^^T* In tlii» 
FndenJ Army. 

Dufonr waa now ftutmnlcd with tho mifenntondetioif of th« 
Cadfl«tral Stirrey of the C»*ot>n of Gonova and th-.* eioDutlon of a 
nnw map of tlics Crinton, in four sbectfi, oq the ficale of 51^^55. 
Ho waa ala> appointed ProfeBflor of MnthctoatJcs^ and wae tho firat 
|Who taught I>o*ftriptivo Goomolry. Among hie nnmorono pupils 
tf« Stnnn, Angtiat* do U Rire, th« Crown Prince of iJernmarkj 
rmoo of IIolHtiiin. and the Gmu<l Dnko of MocklGubuig-Schwcrin, 
In 1810 ho oroat«d tho Federal Military School ^f Thoune, in wluch 
ha ramaincd chief inatr^icttir of iha Htn^S and cif EnginijoTt down lo 
tho your IS^f), whi-n )in hiid thii honour of reooivin^ thPT.\ iindf»r 
his ovn tvution, thu latw Emperor ^'f (bo French, then Prinw Loot* 
Kapokon, Aa Colonal in tho Vod^ ral scTrioej £n 1827, I>ufocr cotn- 
fflaudud tbp flr*t fleUl mnnnjuvn^ii t^iivMitPd by the Federal Arrny^ to 
tho ooneolidalion Lif which many of tho yenrs of his lifb vn^ia 
patnotically devoted. It was duHc^ thoao man<Dunvs whilst 
ongafc«d in drawing the ekelch of the plftn of cp^iatione, that tyar 
nouut*f>' Corresponding Mi:ml*r, M. taul CbdiK. to whom I atu 
indobtcd for Ihcflo hio^rivphical details, lieoarois aoqnnintod with 
l)ufcinr, vrdb whom ho ovur aftr-rwiLrdd maintatnod tho moflt aff«h- 
-iioDAte rf^latiooa. Aft«r thh 1^4110*0 vn^h. Diifoiiri an wu» hiA habit 
Tir mnny ycnn^ und^rtcujt, with a ^olii^ot party of b*B lioftt piipil^ 
and 3"onng ofiioers, pedpab-iiui eicuriionit of roconnniBiKinoo aloffig 
the frontiemof Switzerland'— j*TO'ir«ioTt» occupying n^v&rul w*«t»— 
dnri&g which to Bot the example of cheoifulooaa uuUti the trying 





Ohituarjf. — GfMfat Duftmr^ 



CXXXIS 



I 



^ 



^mtabfltanoefl of pbjnuoftl diBcamTort, atid oxorciood tt.oir ccdni'- 
uiM an dftUj toamhaa oT feurtura hourv. 

Hi* •nginiTAiing work« at U^novft will nuftLn a ktficf^ niunu* 
moat of Uiri nkill. llit lineil Ihith UhiKb of tfafi niiraio wiUt Iduibiful 
^xiayu, ttuJ IfLiUt matiy biidscfL All paUio ilIlp^C'^'l'IIlCIlt0 vroro 
promM^d by him-BomcUmea in tho icoUi of atrODg oppoaitidn— 
aitelt AA tha inUioiIiirtinai of At«fim'n^hn'g«tSon i^Ti TaIcb CriTn«<vfti, «ih1 
ili« ligbtjng of i\n> dty ^itii gii>^ Uo iit^titutud t-Uborftte mewnro- 
JU«aU of ^]« diiKiLarp! of i^^ Khuco. ukd Cfltallidliod &n iuitronotaic«l 
obMFVAiorv aad a I iutni metrical n^servatoTy on tha laku. Kotwitli- 
BtAudibg lu» nrnnerudK public di]tit«,Lofl>iiDd tiim dunng oil iheio 
yOftre (v |:ivo volunt«v kcturra on pcTspcctiTo und olemontary 
«4Urot]DtB}', aim] tixtic uu activ<j i^uttiti thd procv«<litk^of Uw fiooiii^' 
ofArUuifl (hn (lOci^npbloA] Sofiety ofOeneYn. 

But D^uurp i^ix^atoBt work as a gto^mpbor, the monl importani 
ronlt ot hi£ •«ioRti£lc (tctivily, wba nndoubtc<Lly tbu K«d9r»l iiiap^< 
-*»r Hv.']tu>rUniI. cm the flcal« of jco'^aijo' '^ '^^^ *" ^^^^ *^* '^^ 
xru AuA cntnutod with thin gneat nadertakingtwhinh^artcrtlurty- 
twQ ytBTB of ufioco^in^ extrtiotifl, te bad iho hoppy fortimo 1o otjoi- 
|i!*t4, lb o&ocutkg thg tnanguUtionK i\«ooiiUj to tbt^ gn/Hl work, 
1l9 b«d to tnin n iiUtr of kl^Uiv, dnvintnd^ fttid iilcilfiil nflirm, ijiurcd 
to bttniibip, aud j^dmirom of tbe bcniitiea of tbo rcgiona tlt«y bttd 
to inrTAy, In bonoUT of this work^ th« F«iLoiul CoiitjciI in t^^IM 
jJoptiNl tbo niimo of t>afonr Spiu ftir tho tbm iiiiTmmnd higboKl 
Jicftk of Mon1<^ I{urn. 

It id nut tlL« i>btoo bero Co diluto on th(^ politloul vido 43f 0«n«t4l 

DufoQi'H c&ro«r, nltbongli this v^^iLild \y^ ee^ntint to a juhC «ptimAl» 

of bU liffl ikiid uhant(!t«r. Sum™ it to my that hr liK>le & prummj'nt 

pui io cvlabUabiifg bud oftcrworda tmuntaiiiitig tbo Fodcnil <ca;«ti- 

tttiob of bb native coiuitrj, and bi 1S4Q was «nini«t9d by & 

rottJciHty of tbp Ci)Tife<!emtion witb the molaticboly duty of Ifftditig 

at* uniiy agniuai tbu revolted (^^ktboliu Cii[]ti>DS, Tbuukn to tUo 

ulvniMW of ibi! mcttsan« trikcti, aod tb^ bumanity with wbiob 

-m^lir Dondtictod tho oftrnpaign^ tbe (^nt^at tnu Koon hrnngbt to 

A tmniiifttiofi, «ad i?ijm]JiU"*tiTfily lit-tlo bittemnfa laft aa » rubult of 

the utrifc. WUrTD, un tbo iQ-Mt«bliabindDt of police, the Fodt>nl 

.Voioiiibiy Tot«d to tb>j «40i>&«Hfal geneml a llnttemg addre«g iind 

tbo >uni of A^.OOO frnncR, Dctfoiir Immediately- inadtt oroi^ a part of 

tbe \»A\fix rj) lb<» cbmiUlilt' fucid fot- ibc wouudrid ofii^tb aidt^H^ 

Tbo babitj of (jcni^ral Ditfmtr tbrui3};hi>ut lift! ^cro fro^l, aud 
Ilia t«oipi5r amiable. Ila ivas revratded by a robnvt and Impp^ old 




cxl 



Sir H. C. Rawxixsox'* AfltfrtM, 



A|^^ Fini^lly h» bcattb woo brokou down b^ sorrow at iht> loea or 
one of liie dAU^hUra, wjjom he aooix followed to ihd graT^. on tbo 
I4th of July, IftT^V Tlin il»y of liin fVinfird 4t G^'iiova vran ol«orvBd 
u n tJay *jf general Toovmiiig. 



Tho MnrqtiLJi (liAHJKAurjA'j Ahui^atj Vlhumj bHluugcxI L> onu uf 
ibo iiobl»t nud taunt upiUout &Uiili«a of Cpper lUlj. H« wm tbo 
■Ob of tho MArtfcuH Oiii^oppo a&d of the (.VFnnt«v Co«t£i&au Trolti. 
Allur 1S2L hiA Fitthj^r vuk c^>iiipalli.<il to nbuitiT hiiiJN>lf fitim itnly 
in coiiAer|Uf;iicc of tbc purt >vbicL Uo li&d tnkeii Ju tbo politicskl 
mo^romontA of i^^odmont and Ixoubai^ly, uid it w&« duriog hii 
Abn^tkou iu ii«>Tiuany tliat GiiiiuiuaHiDo wui boni^ io 1830. Tho 
faiiiily ir^tunj*^d to lUJyiu 1^41^, auiil fv?Ulj1ir>L?d jleulf Jiu loilgor 
in Miiuiit wliovo it hod origiiiaUj boen scaled, hut in Turia. Tho 
Htrquia GiammArtitio, Iiowqvct, remqiuod mi^atly in PftrU, l^ndoo, 
and iiL B^lgliiiti. w1i«ru liiii fujiiily iiot«tHqed :« iiia^iifioentcliAtvftu, 
which fnt-caerly i^^lougcd to Count l^gtiiout Ifo vasi » DuUkof mo»t 
frmiablo munuore^ ot Icoon inklleol, and dovoLod to tlio ttudy of Uio 
natural «oUiice«. He hid u coniplete mnalvry of the dfir«T«inC 
Itftliftn diiihlcctSpBtid ^uh lilso uuqiiuinkil with Aivbicn Id coixtpMiy 
with bid Criond* Uouiit Eniilio Dandolo, ho -mndo a voynKr to tho 
Nil^, aiLfl rf>aL^hix1 beyond Ktartoniu, but hl\ sorivnsly ill, ftud vrilh 
difficulty WAS able to mntir bt» way Ixick to Egypt TfaU voyug* 
of tho two friondii vru dc«cribci] ^itlt elegant ^niplialty by Oouikt 
Dandolo, &nd publnduK),* In another joumoy tho JUarquiif Aroonuti 
croHflpd Araliia l^efrsya, vud thence, by T.I»& de»ei1. uiwl^ liU way to 
Jomiuiloa). He bimftclf composed llio uarrativc i>f IbUjoninfrj-, ard 
pulliiibod it in u oottly style, and wiUi u map modo CNprwaly ^r it 
by Kii^pert. ITo had Ibew »ei on foot souio excavationt hi Arabia 
PeUntik^and roturutid to l^gypt to j^iva iLu<t]Ui![iL)BH about tliuni, acid 
waa pronccnt at tho opuning of the Suc2 Cnnah 

In lliA VJIT of JSVJ he enler^ as o^Soer lii r battalion of IV^r- 
sa|i;Iivri to iigUt fur iUv indeimndunoo of luly. At ihi-* cIcau nf ihn 
war lie woH up]>o;xitod St^cood Secretary to lUe Couimondalos^ 
CtiHtofoTo Nq^, th«n ohargect witli a mi^on ti> China, Japan, ocd 
Kam, tu iHmckdn tb<' Tl^liun trealivH with those StolcH. Bert ivim^^x 
ihdopundfnL yf bJa will, uud Jhttl of tUo Comniondaloro Nt|;ri, 
brought about a euspciieion, and finally tho abandoamont of tho 
dKp«ditiun< 

The MarqiiLS wu ammigiii the finit ii^hu coinbmtrd tu fonnd iha 
Italian Gt^ogmpliioU Sooioly. On Ui« dcotb of bia [wiontcs, boin^. 



I 



I 





^HaCua rjfM -^Ma r^uii Visunti — B^i i n^^ 



€XU 







th& udIj rofinjiQblaiivQ of bi^ fAn^ily, and ulroftdy Miflr^rmg &oia 
Uimuvblo (iUuii>u(H, be tlitjun FJnvnw tot hi* humo. und in the 
aotorvab iff suflaniig ocva^iijil liiiutiflf witli tJio Cue fti t*. uliiuli Lt? 
Citcourugcd with Ilia Ur^ forliiiiv^ Hu ilioU in Florouoo at tLio 
hotpmiing »f llie pn-imtit yvor, at tho gajly ago of thirt}'-»3X With 
bim tormin4teil a lift» wUiuU migltt Ljitt! Ih?i?ci an liLnuDur aud ui 
ttdt^ntofp to Jtoly. ujil a faoiily w]i4j»o ii'>Vlv-iniplvjf<^l vrcnllh 
wuft Aditrcoof Huoi^vur tu mjuiyofUio OkMt illujaCrioiu ItnliiLiiB who 
worv drWon fium tlieir L-ouvitry Sn that |>urio[] uf {ictHQL'iitioiiH atid 
pohtioal ab]mp^it}- whicJi Jftotod &otii IBJI lUl IH^^. Ui) jOLUod 
our $Oi-iolj^ u u Lifo Mombor la It^tJO. 

AA BAJ9ft^ iLu ^oll-kiiiiwu AfficuEi tiav^Uoi and pttlntor of 
wKutry, died ftt Uurbcui, Naliil, ou tho 8th ijf May, 1875, 
fireponag for anotbra- of hh nnmci-oua oi^juiitioni into lh« 
niMiplored inturlor vl' flit> Cruntinvut. He weli a iiiAri uf itiavkeil 
itidividtialitj Qf «hiuiictcr. ik bora oriut atul trxploror* ft Ic/tct oT 
ild Ufo, *nd skilk^d in oil tlid vbifU and ronoDroon of ao cxploitrrii 
r. FtiW luvn vrurv ho utll «nduii4Hl with iJivw- mii oiLet 
qulificalii/nft fvv Miccouful Afnuuj Unvd, lujd [JurUap* nono 
pooMMcd iproaUr oounigo and ponfovoroncc or nioro uutiiiof; 
induilr}- thttii BaiTi«». H^ wa« hom ut Khig'a Lytiu, lu Korfislt, 
in 1822. Ujq wcmail hijii iff a tiiA^liir ruruiii'^r %^t l]i»l jjWo. 
Aflor rcooiYiaj; mich on odiioatbu aa tUo viovra and cuoam- 
fltanCAs of bit iMLfenU adiEiltttd, bo w»a placvd witli a oomtU* 
liiilUL^r lo liiani Ibeurt of WraMlc iHLiutSngon utrjia^pontrla; bhil 
a »trgaig iuQato lore of art m?OIl led hint to tnoic olovfttod iiubJGCtB, 
Bird ha dovoUd inuoli uf tlio luuure tiuii> of bia youth t^ akijtohjiig 
during «tibj{-ot« fi'oiii tiaviir« along t.b«L cookIm of hU t^atSve ouurttj. 
Ob iw4oot imogiiiLklion fired bim with & i1c*iro to eeo foioi^ 
OOimtnctt, and in ISl^ ho loft Eu^W<) for tbo Unpo of Good Hope, 
t Wi* in Ctipo Colfjrtiy and ih ibe neighbouring oounttioif of South 
Vktt that li© wa* diTAtiuod U' posa tiio grtalof jx>rtioa of hU Bub«e- 
lifc ; and it woji here that bo bocfimc bettor known cv4:q than 
l4fldt native country, in iuc't. f^w tuon wlto tbcugbt «o uuoh uf 
or t&lkdJ «o iQUoli of for nmny yaa.ra iq out griurb Ati-Eoar Cobnlw 
aa tliu A.rtiiit-tnvcllpr, Thomu BoincMi. ITi* cxticiiio UQSol6ahnc«» 
Wid willin^nou to oblige, hiA proUfio pvuoil, toady lor anything — 
AfricBn laadiunpc, hcvu^h of ualivo war, flniEzud uid C^lQVd lift>, or 
porttidtA vt bin friendH — tind hU fluent [^c^Ji, kopl liiin voaUnuAll)' 
bofcw tliO Colonial piiiLIc <md mado bim popuUi'. It it to bo re- 




oxlii 



Sit H- C. Rawlissos** Addicts. 



ixtnrVfd nlio Uinl niAny frionditliipH wbicli he fcrm^J ia lL«0o1oiue« 
yrttjs kept i* itli cootfUacr U> ito end of bw liTon In 1S40-7 1m 1^ 
CWpo Town ftnd pr<>ooodod to tlio then ncarlj unknown regions tv 
tho nortii of tJto colciny fur tlir? purpoite of »ikfitc)fiiig fhe sc^eniw nit^ 
iauitluuLs uf Lliu dflir war lltn WLkgiu^. Ag'tiii, iu tho eoW^UCnt 
wars uf 1851-3, Im *a* busily oiigngi>d on tho fronUor In wroikr 
wurle» h<y having htum uttucbcid 1o U«aoral Soru^rect's Stslf dnnng 
ll:i* campnfgiiK, tlrimgh On> intf^i-voutSrin *>t Lis fiLllhrul fncndi BiTi 
B- ^"Jiilo. Scvoml linndi-o^ rtctcljcs* displaying gr^t TignUT and 
Tivid IoobI ohnmctor, vroro tlio roiralU of lii* kbonm; itvmy of 
ivhidi hw'S nitio* bwin on exhlbidon, with his olhor worVt, iu 
LtmduuftudDuldJJi, On Iho Otli ofKovcrabon 1851. ho wm i^rtnont 
at tho action witk the rob*l UottcmtoU ut >Nat*r Kloof, when 
ColotiC'l Ptrdjo** of tho 74th Regiment, was killed; imd in fact 
BaiiiOT. in lilM ili>iri^ In blfaLoL fjiilhfully &c«ut4 of acluJil hAtt]L>, 
gdoOTftil)' atr^Yo to bo in tbc front, euiiI Ue ^v'oe i-ich in anccduloa of 
Mli^onttuv uid naiTOT' uhcupt* in pre*auoa of the eavnge oniimy. 

At tb^ conrlndnn of thn wmt in Jft.'i4 Bainej? reltirned tu EngUnd* 
ftndvrnjs (uonaftor hiAwriTal, nt the recoTnm&iiddlionuf oni Council, 
appointed orliBl to tho Notth-AVtel AuHtn^lmn Expedition, lUidw 
Mr. AugiintiTA Hmgory, During this arditcnu imdnrtakitig Lo di^- 
tinguifihod Umstlf and earaed tho ap^irovnl of hia Itjad^r ftnd tho 
Colis>rHttl OiVwo V^y ihc w.^ oiid nhilily with which ho cunioi out ti 
»|viciAl miaflmfc with which ho was ontn]j<t«d, nnmdy, n vcijage liift 
Bohoiranr from thu Victorin Itirrr to Jura in pruoiua ftt^ proroiona 
for tho Expedition. ttft'.*r their trHTtrao hy land from tho Violorift 
to tho Aibtfrl rivw^. M'h© Iftrgo sori«ii of *kotptc4 in cil mfldo by 
Bninci during Lhii. jia wtill a± ihn in)biir-i|i]i-^nt ZiiiiiLcfl! Eipbditloii, 
Vforo aftonvHrda divided btjtwecti iho K»w M.uaoum*iud our Socioly, 
On tho t^rminatioii of tho Expedition in W>(t, Hfuncs rotumcd l» 
Knglknil, ftni in roviniting bis Tinti%^ fowti was prEHent^il with 
tho frctdom uf thu boruugb by tlte Corjioratiun. 

Whcu tho ZAnibc«i Expodition, under Dr. Livingfltono, wwi 
Or^nivijd, OArlj in 1(458, Bflinoe wm ^MooU-d to flOf^omfi^ny il w 
BrtiBt ftTic^ B[orflknp]>nr, Annnhappy diasfcrocincct with Mr. rhnrh* 
LiTiDgntonc, the brgthor of the great trnvelUr, lud to Baincb' ro- 
ttromonl, much ngnTtist hU own vrfoboe; and ho pn>oo«dod to tbo 
€^po- His love of exploration w(w at ibiB ttmo ne koenwrovor, 
nnd hayiug bet^unm well Aiiiu^d in tlii.i nr-u uf okI n^nomieal and mir- 
'Tcjiug indimm^&t', uadur tho mipcrrviftion of tiir ThomM Miiclo*!-, 
AslrouoQQOT Koyal at tho Capo, ho aouopted tho iuvit^iiou of hiA 



« 





- OAtfunrf|r.»TA4nivj4 Haitt^t. 



exUU 



frletd. Ur* Thoui&a (liapmbn, nu irotj-tnidGr, to ttctviupftuy liEia 
in ft joiim«7 from tli« •ouili-wcnt co&dt to tl« VidoriJi FalU of tlkO 
ZoatibeHi. An MCOiiQt of thin jonmoy wha pnbli-ihi'd by him in 
1804, oil )uB nrtum to KD^lnnr], nmi^r ttir> tJcU of * Expturatioois 
in SoatU'Wc«t Attiutt ; Ix-bg ah Account of a Joumoy iu 16&1-2 
ttotn. \Valvui?)i Bay to Lako Xg^Liia Aiid th» Victonn Fftllq.' Brides 
H complete nmIo-»urv«y, niml mr^- niiinnmnii iikfU^ltiM, Haicen tasula 
<in thie j<>uraciy n ci>ll'5clbii of object* of Natural nintory. Ho 
ipuit •ovcml weoka At tho ViotoriA KftllM, makiof itrnwin^ and 
meftAnroin«-ntK : nnd piiUuhod.bc*idpathouftiT«tivn JTWtmenUonrf, 
1^ fijHo Toluxni.' iii coloured lithcij^iaplji irf ihiit irmiLi'lubTis cibtiiTacl. 

Tko ycnn 18^4-^ Buhm Bpeot in J^ngUndp cmployiag biuMlf 
En bnnging oat ttxn vorkfl fil>ovi> moatifjrL«rl| Ji^cttiriTig, vntiag, 
atid Jriwin^ illrjBtratiiJtm for vadims pnHotlirads, HU imluHtry 
without liinit. C&rly aad )ato he wbh to b& found in bie 
Iti&jc-rooiu, or ftt tUo doak, and bi» linjt> iknd Jtbtlilio* wor^ ftt 
tbe «rT]o<i ofoJiy ono who txmdcd thorn, with or without payniont; 
CDr Moongct hio moot fltxikuii; cb4nic:tm-LblLL^;i iv^in an uttur indi^ 
Ctraiu« to worldly oowd«Atio&K At t^o und of iho yciir 180d 
he Again wont out to Afii^, undor ongjig^mont with a CompAny 
tj uxpLorv th(T GulilfinlilK of thw 'I'nti, rcotnitly dmnnronii!, ar 
n-diflcoT«7cd| by CjlH Mauch j^nd Mt. Hui'IIav. lie «iiooc«Jcd in 
ubtiumui; tho ff^omUhip of IrO Bangclo^ Iho laioocMtor of tbo ool** 
bnt4*d Mosilitati*, Iho juramonnt t^hidf of tho region in whiaH 
1^ tbo GoMHoldfT. Ftvm luai ho obtuiavJ voluaHo i]tiuc<HBi<;iU( for 
tho OompjiiOy ho ro]>riMio]iti.^d ; hut ULithiu^ osmio oC oJl tin toil* 
•Oln^ jonrDtyn ottd Micccuuiful diploma^'; tho diittuicos wen too 
gnvt, Aiid tliu OuEii|iJUiy lind no (lujjiial. Bjiiiion wna n^vor nim- 
bujvod h£» f:xpciieea. &nd luiJ. ou hia r«tum to Natnl. to toil bgitln 
W on ortijit W obtftm ft ]iv«Jihi>rKL Tho rovnlrji (4 hia ^xplorft- 
tioOfl in th* Gold nigitm wt^rUn hi~iwBvi>r, nf OLirwiiliH\ih1v inip^ilAnrij 
tl> Qeo^^phy. Ho tnappLvl very cftfuft^lly Uio afuntry, biid tho 
toulD thither frnm thn capit*! of tho Trunfi-Vnul Itoptihlfe. and 
wrcito ft doAciiptLon of thn rr^giciu. which 10 LriW iibc<ut to bo pub- 
li«h6<] nadrr the oditoi'ship cf lug old utd tried fitcnd Mr IL lloll, 
of C«po Town. A Todnotion of bin mftp wtu publit^bod in our 
'Journal,' voK xH.. in iUtijitrchtioii of im n-bridginctii of hut Joun^uhi 
Vr Dt- ^t, J- Mftim- In 1873 uur C^unoil iccu^uiud tbo <raluc of 
Sainov'H goo^raphicLil »i<Tvioc4 by p:-oRoiiting him with a IcMtimoniol 
gold WftEch- Tin undorfoak, Hub!U'qiienll}\ other jOTlin^yH inii tJiu 
Mljoimag Gtflro coimtriuo, nlwaya mapping roofll CAfufuUy hia 



csUr 



Sir H- 0, Uawlinsox* AJdrtu. 



roii1«*t and aktttohin^ »ooiu>ty Ai>d p«optc<- Aft^r a rMt to Po3t 
Klixnbeth* liD ]»]uiitiimI u new juunivy, aliiiOMt aLouo. to Uno Guld 
ilintikl huhIi ift thv Tuli, lukJii^ v/tlU Lim n Pinall ciuartz-anuhiDg 
turiuUiiio I AEtcj bud prct>ai'<?d oil his oiitHt and tvitggucs for tb9 
jcium«v> wboii ho w« irruvk do^nu by ilie old i^nATiij of un m«t»y 
Aixicmi truvulteiB — d^MfuttTrj', at DujWi, aiiil died, julofiijrc »tat^, 

OuinmiKloro Ja»^ fisiiun Goodbvouoh. — Tlie tni^o ilerilli ot 
thin dUlu^^Eulelo^L uflicur atid i^iuod va^u at the hands of tbo nvagu 
iiAtivc«i of tJic Snnta Crm iMUitJpi, id the Sguthum PaoiJiOi wu on 
©tent wbldi i-ariKL*! tlit j^rufikUTiJeHt gritf amongst hifc ommicliuiiH 
Aud iiii^id«, nioijy of wl;oii;> like Ltuiwlf, wttd pruiuibont moD iii 
geogPttpUiuttl tiiroiwi. llo wuB born on tlio 3rd of Dcnji?mbor| IH^y ; 
ihe vectnid 8<ir of Dr. GL»k'u<jngh, I>eAii <^f W«11«, nna of tho 
Dri|{lLJiil uiiTculxMii uf uur Sucii'ty. uitd a c^oi^irlbator tu tike fimt 
Tolumo uf our 'Jomiiul/ \'omiK Go^dctkoiii^L waa ftuflt lo Wfl*t- 
niii\Bti>r Sohcul ftt ihu earLy ugi» of mho uud a h&Jf, luid ontored iho 
Kftvj 1L8 riitva] cftilct on booid H.M.S. GiiUnffiBHiid in Muy l544. A» 
A mtiUIiipDxmi h^ M'aa diatiuguisiied for \t\n inuUcnty, ccunk^u, Lij<li 
1>riuoipKttudlheT)gou7of lnaohur»oUr. HeoatuKlly took the lend 
in everything: the het.X ah a linguist, In nfl%^tgntii>B, In «M4mHTuhip, 
in gUDiic^ry. Jiud ull extsidKa. mtd aiuuug llio furum^'nl iu jiU (^ipudi- 
ticnfi, llu totjk to Hi'A with hiut Burut^y'ii ' CoUculioo of Voyag43» 
South Sea,' which ho road carefully: CLiid ho thuj; ncquirod 
fcir liuidi nHrmtivrH, und for tlu^ jR'hUiVi?]i)L-tJl0 of ditriu^ 
livrts imd oxt^lifrum, vihkh c^jutiiiuvd to llit' day of hie doati). 
»c(iiv4id hi« ^i-At lenftoiut in siirvoyiitg Jroiu C*apt>iUTi (^ftftoTwai'dfl 
Sir Horiry) Kbllt^tt, thtn in oOTOEiund of Iho Htratd^ who kiudly 
gAvcj btiu ii/t»c piactical ;u»tiuGt>uu in CulUu Bay and n^uiid San 
Loioimo. ^VkQa tUo Caliiajitiood ^ui pmd oil in Jtdy 1^48, Good- 
euiougk jiijikhI the C'^efopt, under (^iiptAin Hitctings, and went to 
the coa»t ('f Africa. Jtiit h<> shortly rvlumed on leave, ajid iMiIori^d 
tho fvavol Coilugo, vhoro, aftor li year's oioeo fltudy, ho ubtainod 
^Jlla cotnmiuiou, nnd vas |iro(uoEod to thu rank of Licutonant iu 
Juji« l^oK Fnjm Septum b<ir of ily Kami> ywir to Mayt 1904, ha 
sorvod ou baud the t'cntatir fiug ^[p. on Uie Braziliaii Stntion. f 

lU wart in the BaUio dniin^ i]io Ktiifaiou ^vur, uud woe tugtgi£>il 
with tljc ivckct'Irirute al iho buJuk^rirrliciLint al' f^wtnilnjig-^ lit 
February, l'^*'''* Ijo wtu appointed to thu ixnuiunud oC ihu gunbcul 
Gifthavk ; iiitd tosMtida tdv <'nd ul' tbut y<jar tveut out to China ub 



i 
i 




Ohituary. — Cammpflfm ^ixM^moa^k, 



«zl7 



tt LJtatcaant m" thr Siahljh. when aho wna l<rtl. Ho afUmVttdi 
joinod the tiat;-«liEp Oi/fufti, and wim notiv«ity ctoployod iiL tht 
opi*ntioTiN of tHo ChtTicw war, being gun^itutl for Ilih serritiei on 
four DOuaAiobs duriu^' Uiiit ptn'jd. Oti tlio ^Ay of t]3<^ cAptnro 
of Cant<?ii, 2tiCh Fobruary, IK.'i^ Lr wa« pToraoted to the nub of 
CosuiuUidQr : und in An^rtt 1^^9 rolnmo'l to biglanil. But h^ 
jtfturunl tij CUiiufc almwt jmniGOiately afl«m^arda M Oviiiiu&i^or of 
fibo Ravtrd, Atu\ «orvciL in tJjo action when the 'I'tiku Jforta wcro 
tatet; again Tobiruing homo in 18UI. 

In llRy, I Siy.\ Gi-jift^noiigh WM pr<'itK>trd to tlio rank of r^ptnin, 
«nd woM on nboro fisr ncnrl}* o!f;ht«on'iiionthn, Ilo hikd atwujbkcpt 
np hiH ttndioD, linfpii'ti"^! ^^*^ nnicntiSt?, and dining lhi« T^riod 
of w«ll-«sn]<Td Ictviiro khuw^l ih<< diTL^f^tioii of hin Uklfi by jninTng 
Iho Bo)>'jil Oi:Vfi^A[>}ikiil, lL« AbtrouiJiuk^l. dijil ILu Hiiklnyt 
Sooicticd. Ho t~>ok an a^vo pari in tlio Go'ij^iipUi^c^l ijkiotioa 
mt the btiKj' zt]4!«tin^ of thi> Brititli AKiociation at Nt^wi*nnt)o in tB63. 
From TJeoemVier l?rt3 U> April 18*\4 h»? vfa* in tli& riiitwi Sutea, 
uacfblly cmplojcd in riXAmintDS the Ani^icAii dockyHiiU. fvr wbloH 
com«« ho pocciffod thu tliitnkii of tlio Lurdit of Ibo AdmhiUty. In 
Hiqr 1SA4 he iiiflrrl^4 thf^ daiigbrj>r r>f Mr, \V, J. FramMMn. mt 
liinxicr Frf^idcnt. mul in Novf1ln1•4^^ I^IM i^cmumod ftcliv» nciTioo 
in tliD McditorrantMin- From May ltil57 to IHTO he oonmnuLdod Iho 
ftv^mJiAt^d irnn'rliul ^fitlotlmr. 

In llui autumn of 1 370 (Taptnin Ci<xHlflii(iugh, acch^mpanioil by hid 
wifo, undertook t> wnui in porvonjilly iliiitribtJtinf; Iho * Il^ily 
N«Wfl' Pecunnt l^li^f Fund At Si^an ; and in tho Fnhmary f^^llow- 
ing bo wan omployed in roTiolua3ling Parin nftrr tbo Piuiadan 
■icg«- Siit^r^-in^Tidy ht vfus commimonod to vihit and report upon 
Ufeo nAVftl «tiTnbli>ihntc>ntH of Rusftio, AnHria, Ttaly, and Fnnco— a 
•anno* Ibr wbiub his acuinipluiluuenls ah d liiiguiHti bin urliani^, 
and bi« cit«a^iv« general knowlod^ wdl StU-d bJiu. Jla returned 
to Kogknd in the autumn o4'lS72, and in Mny lfi7^ vns apjiointod 
to tbo Pmrl iLH Ci>rani'jdoii:i on \)i9 Auntmlinn KlAtinrt. 

Ti*e P<«W arnrod at Sydney in Au^ufit, IS7J, &nd during bia 
BMBAfl^ C^t Commodore Iroodenough uommnnioatod a vory io- 
tarcjtting paper on Amtl^nlnm rHFA.nd r^ thn ■ G«'>gi^pb [ra] aia^ 
2iDi<«' naving, cbortly after hie arrirAl, bi^in app<ilnt^'d Joint 
(^omB^MDODer with Mr. Layartl to report on tho advtjuibility of 
aoMpting tho oeuion c>f ihc Fiji Islands, he proceodi^rl to Ij^vTika 
tA perft^nn Uiat rei^ponsiblo flcivico. Ilia rcpmt on tin: l*jjii< |iiu> 
aentod to rarliamQat u a full and admiirablo Sintc raper, whicli 



exlri 



Sir \l. C, RAWLrsaoy* Addreu. 



hftd griat iikfliicitco m dcoIJing tUc qttoHtbiu roUlivo to ilic itu- 
MU^ticn :»f Ibo iUAQdfl. Fiji bocnmo ft BrUinh QoLomy on tho 
lOtb of Ocii>bvr, 1&T4. 

After agiivcjiiig Sir ArUiur Ciordiui, Uih Ouvcmur of onx uew 
poaecMiLin, to Fiji, ComTnoiior« Goi^ci^oii^li aaikd fron Lovokft in 
tho Prai-^ with tho objoat of vinittng tb« diffcront bUiida of th^ 
Kow Hb^^]<lcH Hiid SftTjt* f?m7 groups of cmici Haling thf> tiAtJvffl^ 
and o»[WcU]ly of Acquiring full jnfvnoftlion rotpoctini; tb«ar tc- 
latloiu with whito ruoc. Yiriting the islAitds in enoocnaoo b« 
Arrlvetl olTCAili^lA JIa)' in SftutA C'l'ux cm Ibct 12l^ 4>rAijgn»tr ll^TD. 
HciT? L4- Ibuiloii in thu l^cpo of (inturin^ mti) fiiemi^lj int^raoiirso 
with iKa uunpicimiii untivcu. Tho »VBgcB awerobl^i] en tbo boadi 
&nd accppTwl tlie ptMitiila ulTcrHl to tlipm- Tntsting in tltxr pre- 
tended fiiondlineflB tlio Conunodoro cutcr^cl th^ir ritlagi^ and pnnod 
■omo tisio in amiooMo mtcrognno witb ihom. Jlut ^bon pro- 
ptntloTlK wtTe icuulfl lo blubfiTk, ft HCii'iki^ii dLKrhargpfl n pt)]Kritipd 
ftlTDV. wbiuli stiui:lc tW CoiunrodoTO hi lliu Ivfl aide, oiid tcfi^ro cho 
Aroarmtt could be rccichcd AOYernl iHghtfi of Mmilitr Arrowpi wi.-ro 
thut at thu p&rly. ivoiiiidiTig fivu mt^n, Ineliiding tbuir oammnnilor 
Ik Mt^tKiod tiiUH. TliU woiuiilt^ bvlu)( iu-^iiibuikeJ, tbe Pcort prj- 
ccodiftd to Briobano, but all bopca ofAA^in^ the Jivco of tlobvlortd 
Comnodoro and of two of tbtj wounded moii waro «ooa found to bo 
Tikin. On tliu ISth ft/iupU)iiig of tetjinu» npiieHrei], and on tbo 20tl) 
1m died, entreating witli bU lofft br^aUi llial no ^ougcsAce abould 
bo tftkon cBi tho hqUvcc for tho erud dood thoy hud oommitUii 
Thtu ho died nii hi» hnd lived, a soir-ttafrrifidng, noble-hottrt^ 
Cbmluuj gvritlciuuiu. 



I 
i 



llio Eirl of SaCFFiELn.— Altbougb tiot tnown tut a tmvdlor or 
gttugrapbi^i, ihu Uto T.ord Sbefiiuld rnvnta a plujie in tbiK rnt^ord for 
tbo intor««t b<t alwayft tock m our prococdings, a:id the uonatiuicy 
4>f bi* devoticn to th» mti^rvfth of the SOTtety. llo hftd boon i\ 
Fellow ttO lorg ago an tbo j-nar ]il4(», find lietwi^tn ibo ymm lh^2 
■nd 1S04 vc-rTod nine tuuce a* Membor of our Couni^ll Ho wart, 
BKtreo^ortAr^guliir4ttoQdaiitat tJt& Aoeifil gathorrngs of fbo loading 
gOOSnpbcTft M)d frlondu of iho Soclpfy, Tho lale Eurl wan ibo 
only Auii of John, tho €rat Lotd 3bcfQc1d, imd h'lniid of Oibbun th« 
iLuloridn, itnd wax bom in IWl. Ho nucceedi^d to tho title on 
Ibo detfctb of bin fnthnr in l^2\. In Jnno. IS25, ho laftmod tbft 
^defct dhiighlr-r id Ihc'scijond T^oril Hnrawood, by wbom ho loaxT^a 
Lttu «iiu ftrid ft dftvigbter. Uio eldeot «od« Fbo now BuccuoLi (o 



1^9 fntailj tobourji, vtm, u Lcjrd Vcrcnmy^ AtUchoi to iho 
Britifh KTnb^bMy ut CouBUntiaopb from Ubli to 11^6. Lord 
SLoflSvld iliiHl an. tho i^th of April lft«t. »fic<r ftn flbiMi of «o\'OTfll 
monUis' dumticm. 



h 




Bujiot* TititiLwjkU.^rn A gnut Society )ilc« our* ft is obvioDS 
fJiui w iilukU ufjcjwdtiidlj And among fl4 Fitllown niAn nf hi^b 
ronowik in wbocw mno lh« sicicuoo of Qoi^fUinphy bru not beon ttic 
diatitictivo spooinJily by wLich th«ir fumo h** bew ft«^wirLd. Wc 
aro, however, not tho Im prond cif utoin^ iho Ikt of <mr Mdnbcn 
liononrod bj tUnir illuBtritfa» tiftmoa. EituDcnt ftruoag »uali vfls (bo 
Biftht IUt, Connop 'i'hirlwull, UU> Jlifthop oT 8t. Darid^B. whcoo 
dcfttb during tbt.' put ytmt ji i^ my sad dnt/ to rocoid. This diA> 
lijigTiLilu^ Hubular. biniurijui. tbuiknr. und Elicutir^iati. wtm in hifi 
•ftvonty'Diiitb ycAr vrlion ho dj«<l in the in^^nib of July lut, bATing 
beOD bcm oa tho n th of January, 1797. Edncalod by bin TatlioiV 
tba Rev. ThotiLojL Thiriwill, hn nxhibitiMl n pivoodty wljieh Jilmctt 
vergA ou tho incrtdibla Al tho agu of thnw liu vrnn taught L«tin. 
At bur. iif<^idiBK (o hii fuUn^r'* ncoftynt> li« roftd Gr«ck " ytltk mi 
o::vio ftodfluonoy which flBtrimnhcd aU "'bo hc^ird him." At Bovoii bo 
begui iu vsiiio mrmianH, and hu (ilhJ ii^i fajn k^Hiim mnniotitri wiUi 
vnttng pofltry. Hi« ' Piimitiev, or EMnyo mnd Powni by Coimop 
Thirlv^ll, blovoti jvftn of h{(o, with « Profnoc* by hix Fftthoi-/ pcib- 
IijhAd in 1306. w*j th'S fitHlfruit of Ibin tnLi]onf?y of hiH mind, 
Tho wi:pi]deri» that Aucb prftoocity vm iv>t fr>l1ciw<H] by ah early 
fftilvro of power. How &t tbo oontmty wm tbo c<uo it noHn not 
the toKtimony of my j»en lo d^nJiin™ lo Skwy rvuA^r of l)n» EtigliaU 
lAUE^tLoge. His tJiiCttliuu At the Cb&ttoi'buiiau iiudLT Dr. Rbiue, 
tho tbpii Htftd'QiAAtoFt woald, doubtlcM, «t«rcTn[> a vfty nholoflOiao 
iDftuftioo ifi atcodyiiiE? 1h& proceaio* of tliouf^t, and in ohookicf; 
tiio nmftwbAr tiio liixuiiant growth uf itrr i>xc^ptTorHl int^lltiet, lik^i 
tbi& In fftot, w«dnd Ihfttfrom tbin time be ^ve up wTJting [.iL>o1ry 
ftllOgtthor. Ono oF hii moat TOmnrlublo fncnltics wns his p^rcat 
boillty in imuftTing langii^giM^ It i» w]\ known (bat on hitt 
mmBKiua lo thb Epiaiajpalu of St- Davi^'n. ho inado fl n i^nty to bet 
aUatOaddroEifl hia^ poopic in then own Iniij-uage; bnd in the ^xiiirvo 
of flix months h& w&a abk< lo pT^«h tn ll:em in \V<?t«h, Tlir v(i«t 
odent of liiA rf4iding, cttujlrincvi with th^ inilLijwtidvnt fmHloni (if 
IiIb habit uf raind, guvo him & gi^nornliaing ^aap of thoaifht whiL;Ii 
WM of tbo highuftt T*iuo when bro^gbt inio joint ac^Iioq with hh 
wondeiTuI power of mlnuto cHticisic. Of lh» Uttoi- quality 'vn 



t^xlriii 



Sir H. C- RawlivsOK']! AifJrra. 



Iiftvo a Dctabld exauiplo in h>a ' Et^tiy on the Ironj of Soplioclt 
II in now ftirtp-Mi^ jeara ago tLat he appciupd w th© aiitiior of 
lliA dnti 'Jl\ftt.tity t\f Qtviien' rexllj worthy <if iht* nannt? in ^lo 
litorbtur^ of Englnuti. Btit of comvo it wns aa a ChiircLmau iiiid 
tJiooloj^iun Ihat BJflboj> ThirlwulJ ctiiidQ moat proroinmtly c>a> 
apimoii* in the Tnindfl r>f rn^Ti. In fhis ilirvctTmi bo1diL«ji« ftniJ 
ImpariiAlity ewm (r> kUdcI out «« Iiih nioi^t eirfklikg diamcftTitftSca. 
Anil *llhoii(tb it woiild ill become mr hero tn toxioh on tl© many- 
)i»ilud mbjuot t*r thcolof^, 1 think 1 may with M wifrty ntlor n 
wi}nl urcomtiierKlfttiuD on tbat wlw folentnoe wlik^h enahl&d Binhop 
Thirlwftll U) »pc and openly io ftolcni>irlMlp> wbdf wm gawl in the* 
icnctn ftn<I pmofiocfl of othcnf, with nrhonft creed hn himpclf waa 
vMOntiiilly Bt vftrianj^n, Tt was (his gr^Tul qnulTiy pifidu^^ing K^Mt 
broftdlh of charity, *a tbc le^tiinute ofifipnng of gr^at hrmdlh of 
thooffht, wbioh gives thtar trn^vt point and valao to th<} jndi^ion* 
woTxbf whii^h have been engraved on tho gjanito bluL over hEn gnivn, 
'^C'^r »iupicU0 ct iQloUigeUB ad difct^rncndnm jtiJtuium." Under 
that ginnito >kb in We^mitiflter Abbey he appropriately lie* turiod 
Kidn by Kidu with ld« brother biatorian, George (iratQ. 



I^nl Sr\-s no rK.— Among thedistinguiihed men whoB* loaavrc linro 
to doph.iru lliLH y^iTt the? l^te Darl liLinboftv fakes a very proTnin«.nt 
plaO(\ aa having ezhjbit«d qoalitiM whioh add dignity to lunk. and 
Itonour U> on alroady hononrod name. Tho eldf«t eon of (hi> fourth 
E&i'l. he wan bnm nt Walmer, K*nt. on rho .'iOth of Jaauary, 1805. 
Cnd^ir bis lyjurlofiy- title of LiJrtl Mahon, he wat in Pftrliamnnt, 
witb only slight intormptiono, from 1930 to 1661]. JIo sorvcd 
nndc'i' Sir HoWrt PooUaa Undur-Stiorotory of State for Foreign 
Lflkitv. ill t^ir 1fobfirt*H vliort mliiiinLftlnition of ]d34'5 : und agiiin^ 
Socrvtary to the iJoai-d of Control, in 1845-**. Coujoiujy with 
pT«iKpnt Lord Curdwell, bo aleo bu^ome Sir Ifobort Peel'a 
liti^rary aicoiiIot. It wh* not, hfiwwvei, in connection mi tnnoh 
villi [luUliui or fctatotiuantihip tlmt Lord 6tauhi^^ie wtie t(t found Mh 
ropulatictj, It in ^ on hist^^nan and eeaayifit that hie name will 
be trananittod vtfitb honour to posterity. Hiw most noted work wea 
hU * HtKtory of Eiii^laud (rma tlm Pu^n^ of Utrecht dciwti ia thn 
r<!at.'*3 uf WfMiilc**/ His Lordflbip ftub*©Tiootly pnblisbod 'Tho 
mistory of Kngland during thi3 Ti>ign of (,)ui:en Anne down to the 
'PoK» of Ulredit;' thiie oounecting hi« previously publisbod 
* nSbtory ' with tbo brilliant narrittiYo of Lord Movaulay. lliii 
olhor work* wurc, a * Lih of Bclitforiud,* *l'he Conrt of Spain 




Ohtfuary, — Iskiri Stan/i*^ — LifnL-C^^ SiranffS* cxliic 



|p 



tjodgr Cl^hrkv It.; ' A nifltor>' of iIjo Wftr of SaL^ooubn in Spatn^ 
m 'Life uf the Ore*! Coiid*/ a 'Nhrmtivo of Ibe Tnwirrootion of 
l7iBt' H * Qlniory of iLtj RIso uf out Taliftii Empire," nnd acTonJ 
Artidos in Vm ' QuftTttrly Jtcviov." Tho*i> who vren ucqimitited 
with Lord SUJiliopc prrtHinftlly, rticcgniMM^ in liini, wlitu i>ccaAinni 
a luuBl^iy tf iLd Fvuudi Iwi^mu^u. n^ grao«fnl *Rd «a 
Epnfcot— hoih M to cciD«traQticD and rbjdun— 00 oould not eatity 
liO Biirp&JiMvJ bjuny bat ft Krcnr^limiin Iwm. In IBtQ, )Hb LordflMp 
Wui-l«ot«d Pnsi'k'iit tif 111"* S(H.-itfT.v "if AntiqiiftriftR, a iKmr. lehiiJi 
Carried wiOi it * I'nwtcc^hip of ibo Biiti»b I^tuBonm ; bo woa also 
lV«idrnt of tlic Uojul Litcmry Fund, a Fellow of llio Po7«I 
8>iciet_v, u Foreign Menilier of tbe Tit>itJtiitv *'f Franoc, and nn 
UwioTftry Doctor of Laws of the Uaivonitiw of Oafonl mid Cum- 
brid^ I'o litjii ubio, in conjiinotitjn with ILo ]ut4> Lord Derby, wo 
are ind^bUtd for tbe enfjilj] iidiinent of tht^ NAf.i<mftl rtirtjiiit GalUry. 
In iSTfP hn wa> elected Lend Beotor of the Uoiv&mtj of Aberdeen; 
and in tbo yet nioru iinport&ut Ucivcnniy of OxEonI bo is known 
nol only M t\(t Foundfrr of ihe ' Stanhope ' priEd for l)i« tlxulj- of 
iBadom hUtorv, bnt nM baving been on to^eml occudona Examinor 
oa hiK own apodal aubjooto. Lord SUnhope bad been a nicmber of 
our Society for twio^t^one yoan, und altboiigb tbo bont of his 
mind leaned \t*v, p«rbapA. In cirr own pe^^tiltar topk'A (hftn to 
those of liJ«(.ory and nntiqnit.v^ frngiigh bait h&sn Mjd to «bow tbat 
ID him WD ba-VD I«it a v^ry diatiii^uubod member of oiir Socioty. 
Hit Lcrrdabip diod &t BouruemoutL, aftor a «bort illn^iu^ oti th« 
24tb of Dec«mbQr lut. 



I 



licntMiuit-CotoiiCfl ALVfAKfKb ^niNQT;» — Thiu diatiirfuiabcd 
ofBoer. who In bts Ut«T y«aTv oci^iipE>>it hm fmpoTtart poAiriou in th* 
■CtwtiGo world. vroM, not onj^inAlly dcAtirif^d for ibo aoitutlAo bnaaoh 
of tbo tailitjuy proff nsi^D. ilowa^ born on tbo 2 7 tb of April, 1816, 
(lio fourth »L0O of Sir Tbomaa Strange, and afl«r compTotmg bu 
^uRAliiin at tlaiiow Srbool. was sant to India in lA^i^, wlifjui, At 
tiio af^ of mxieen, he ji^inod tbo Tth Bcpni«nt of Madran Lijc^t 
C&vatry. Some timo ttfr«rwardn,tho ftcrtentiSo bont of bte mind wu 
iiirtCovf»Tvd by Onnfltid Wnnrtor, who Inmeolf iimlnirtoil th** yoiing 
cav&lry ofBo«r in tbouMof Aetronoimca) nnd»Tirvcvin|e iiutruai«ata, 
and to such cffAtct tbat tho ptipil booamo cv«)] v«roed» not only in 

Ilbu nM but in tbu oonMtniotion of tlio iimtruraontu. After tbnn 
Iborvughly qii*lifjing Liuuif If, he rooi-ivod, in lJ547,ati opi»oiiitm(5nt 
on th« i.tKi\i Tiij^Qomotricftl Survey of India, wh->ro hm abililicfl 
VOL. XL\'U I 



d 



Sir n, C. RAWLCfflON'* Adthrss. 



and ekiU found im ftraplo field for thdr^xeroine* Th««QotHm of thft 
great Survey vrhioh wm first ftH^ntt^ to him mw Uia "Kflnac?l.i 
IfCiij^tmltTiRil ^jhsm" — 'It tTLaJigulatioD omhrnciug atL jin» uf 23.00f) 
«<]Uare niikw* And ft IcTi^h of countrv of CTO mtltd, fi-om Sronj, Eo 
Centrai India, to KumcbiH AfTcrwordit L<> was employed Ob tH* 
"■'ConiJt 8i?H«-h'' Along flio Gfkst^'m ^iie nf t}in rnmmmlft. FT^t ww 
iNXHipicd in thu Uttor work id tie Goomnof lUlb ia 16(7. trtwn 
Lid Ifibotii^ wero cut sljort by el Hcvcro ullocJc of jtiuglo fovor, whaolk 
neo<»*iiUfC'd ln« roffio*al to tho Neilgbeny IlilU for tto rceoYory 
of LiA bealtL After aLtaiiiicig iLo mnlE of Mnjor ho <itti.t?i fium 
tlio BuiroT, and in 1SG7 tioallr k-ft India for Eiijilatid.Aflor twoaty- 
»nK yonre of oontiunonn eor^ii:^. lu 1S92 Ijo ^v^ui appointed toibe 
poiLt nf liiKjHX'lor nf Scieutifin TtiNtrtiDKintJt fnr UiQ ludinn }^T<rvleiv»t 
Aei &n uctira uk^mbor of suTf^ial of tlic tiuriied SocioUou of Loudoii, 
Coionol Stiungo bdcamo^ during aubBoqnent ycot^, « w«U-kno<wri 
tnau tu«Ti«n1i(](^ ciralrji; nnd ho rmploycil hu knowtod^ and «X|>t^ 
Tiooco U> good oSbcl ill agitating fur the fulleJ' rooogiiilion. on tbo 
part of tiovcmmcnl, of tlio imporlanco of enoouraging doiontiEo 
inAtniOtioiL and reH«<]irch. In 1868 ho luotNyidcd in obtaining tho 
00-opnaticiu Aii Uiu Dziluh AfetKiciutinn iu lIjia laov^uivat, wbicli 
><Olt]ltod in tha Appoiiittiioiii t>y n«r Mitjeoty's Go^^rumonl of tho 
rto«Dt " Kcyal CommiauiDti nu Sotonlitio Jnfftructioa and tbo Ad- 
Tanoeinutt of 8oi«tioo," nnder thu prMddmoy of tfae Dnke of 
DcTOcithirc, wbioh, after ila five ypara' lu^b<^um. haw tnsDod a llopoii 
embodying alt tUo chiof points of the sohomo whiuh tho originate* 
<»f lb* mnvf^ient liad at firHt pnpnnndeti Colonel Strange waft a 
Fellow of the lioj^al Society, and wrvtJ uii tb«Coiijicil of timtbody 
from 1S6T to lge9. He wae eloctod Follovr of tbo Uoyat G«>>- 
gmikhk<at 8oG]«fy in 18^31. Th4 only paper whiah ho contributed 
on a gH>grapbio»l Hubjr^vt waa one tin a Kmall Altuximntli tnittnt- 
in«at,«biob he bad invonbod for tlie um,^ of trarollera tu aooxplored 
rej^iona. This waa oomimmicofnd to tho Giw^^mpbical Saotion of 
thi^ Britiflh Aaaociation af Ejicter, under tho proaidL^ntry of Sir 
UortJo Frere* Ho di«d on tLo Stb of MaivU but. at Ibc ag? of 
fil'tj Mven. 



4 



4 




Siu J. Qabi)5EA Wiljeisson, rji.a. — Thia ofllobrated Bg3'ptoT^>(ti4t 
and 1n^«Uer diod at his awt in GIamr>rganabiro on tho 29tb of 
Oclobnr latt, at the age of 7ti yoan). His joum«yK and re«earohea 
in Kj^yjit commencotl wbout the year Ift22, and the flrnt. nf bin 
liumovoua ooctribntjoaft to the geography aod antiinitioi of tJio 





Obituarif.^^ir J. G^rdna- 9t'iikifuou—Sir tV. Logan. cU 



^ 






I 



Willi which hill £»mc ib ixMlunolubly Btr«vCi4l«d^* A Naito* 
a J^Wttcy » tfao Eaetora Dowit uf Uppor ii^-Eyp^' ituderUk^^a 
kjhim in thAKpriogof 1823 — wjujmhlishnd in tho aao^iid voluins 
of onr'Jovinia]/ TKU l^kpoi vtUAOCucnpAmedbyttiioxc^^'utmap, 
«n|CniTod by ArTowsukitb, fram hia own •nrvorft wad drtwiiL^s ; for 
fi) Ul hia jonrnoy* ho cafefuUy mjippod the dUtrioU liO tr^v^rfle^, 
«i4 ai iJiQ uiMii-JLiKEim of bia iC^XI'^^'^ tnvbla ho oi?uipiJed fix»u Ijia 
omi 'yliMrTatkina a Iani;o Koa<m^ ranp of 1it# ooiiatry» whicli 1 
b^Mvo wa4 ii4var pmbbBhodi at l«4«t in iU flntinty, thv dntwisg^ 
hftTiBf ronuinod in tha poucniinn uf Sir, ArrowHiuLtli^ ubtll iha 
^fftlh of (h&t ili»tii]guuih«l carbogFA^lifjr- Ho wa«h^m is ITOT, 
and odocftM ftt lIoTTCfW and EaLotor C^oftCt Oxford. Hiii firHt 
-ricit to £f0'pt wiu iicdorlakui for llie bvMfit of health, ^rtd 
^tfig iLltmcted by tlie tnarvBU uf tlid Wid, ho dorolod him^lf 

*for nuuay yc*r« 1o a ininat*> invcotipition of itn ADoIcut rDtonind 

-md modern tcpogmpby. lib fint indupundatil work wu thu 
• TcjHfBTHjihy of Th-^bWj' pnhliAh^ in ]J*3'»; wliidi wh* noon 
fbllowod^ ia 1937, by hU xrcat uodcrtakiiii;, *Tho MaA&on and 
OutocD* of tbo Aboi«iit i!lgypliiuui,' in nic Ti>]iLm4»i, ix^iouftly 
And b^iittfiiUy illusirat^ by AngravfTi^fi miLiln from hiH own draw- 
3fig«. Thi« tioMci wurk imQicdlatoly cjcaUxI for it^ author a great 
T^patatioQ an a pro^nd J^^Qrptioti scihciftr anod oio^^ani wiitcr : and 

-an ftbHdgment vra« piib1iHJi«d by hiniRoir in two TcdnmenH iti l@;>4» 
tindor Iho tEtb^ of' A Pii|tii1]VT A^'^i^iinr, of tho Ancient £;ryptiauA,* 
Bewaft«mtcd a KoiKht in lS;i9. Sicra^Umc aomc of hit muro 
pttnJj gttcgviphical dijw«rtatiu&ii wer« GOmmuoiuaUNl to ou r Sod^fy ; 
a, * On ihtk NII«i, ami tha rrvA«nt ami FchmiHr f^rv^la of K^cypt,* 
ID vol. \x. <tt 0111' ' Joiintal * : a poocmd, entitled * Sdeuo Account of 
the NatiTo Lakov of Kf^pt,' in vul, xiU. ; and a third, ' iicmaika 
the Conntry b«twe«n Wady Fulfeh and Geb«T B«rkal in 

'IGkhii^ia,' in Tdl Kx. l\*s liftcamo a Ft^bw iff our Si>ctuty ia IS3^, 
and aerrcd on tb« (.Wccit in 1641. In 164S ho published a tiann- 
tlvft of a four in ibe Solavoitic co»Qtn«a eaat uf lh« Adriatic, 
inkdtT Uw titlo cif * Dalmatia iLod Moatunegro, with n rJiiumey to 
Uootu in IIcizcgoT jna/ 



SiE WrujAti E[>HONn l.oojiy, f.ii.1. — Thin dUtiugnieb^d geolo^tt, 
Cftllow-vforlcor of our fi>riit«r liononrod rraKidtrit, Sir Bodonrk 
Uorchinn, died on tho 22nd of June lji«t, at tho ^^ of T* ycarv. 
Hft vrua b<)xn, it iH utatcd, at jUoctTeal^ Canada, in ITUft. bnl waa 
-cdnctt^ si the Tli^h fkhool aDi) tJie Univeroty of lUinbar^b. 

i 2 




clii 



6ir H. C, RAm.t?c«)ar'« Aiidiru. 



AfUrMcoo jt^n ap«nt in «<rufD6rciaJ ^umit*, dnnog wbi^t bfr 
«ni »bU to d«*ot« muc^h timo to hia fiiroorile stiMy. und ««pMUlly 
Id ttt4» Inv«atlg»ticiii of tbo omI-McIa (if Soulb W^It*, be went 
Ob a £«iDJo]Eickl lour to NorlJi AmaricA, vi»tiEt£ tbo oc«J'(«Jda of 
FMUMgrivvtu ajui NomSootk. rttpon on tbBK,»d other kindred 
rttjarti, wer^ in tho m«vi limo |nib1i«1k«A fey liim ia tbo ' Tnuijt- 
ftclicoiN of the Omli^cal SooUty of London/ In 1^42 Mr. Logta 
coomiiCfiOH] bin daminAtinn o{ ihc p^ljcotcJo roaks of Oiwdft, 4n 
jpTtilifiMion ouricd out by him with gt^t kbait)^ And ■OMVca, 
malting io liifl cel«br«tod di«oov«<Ty of llie Idurentiaii spitcm of 
rocka, whicfi Sir lloclciiok Mnrchuon oiibscqiicntly dotecred iu tbo 
norlli of i>«;itlutcL in 1S41 Mr. Logan v^ upjK'inted Dlrvclor- 
Of*nen) nf the fioolo^i^l Snr™y of Can*!*, and in Ifi-lC nrorinl 
Iho boQotu' of Knighthood in oamideration of bia g^^Mt acrvKM to 
■ci«D4«. ti« wu^lootod F«llow of our Sooi^ty in 16A0. 



Sir FaKi'tfiJCK Abjcow, Dopnt/ MwtoT of TKuity HonAd diod 
OD the 171b of July ]»&t tii tbo ag^ of £6 voarH. Ho bad been a 
F«Qo«r of our Sodoty iiince 1S7I, and oocamtooaUy took part in tb^ 
diKiuvumA at ifur Bi'^aiiog Meelinga. Fvw jiubliv nicu weru more 
citewaod, and lii* Muddi^n doatJi oauAod groat ftorrow nmntig n Jargo 
oirdo of friundii, Hti vtdh tbo Moond itoii of Ohptuin ^^illiam 
Arow, of th« Uto IiidiATi Navy, and received his education at King 
Edward'* Gnunmar SchffoX nt Ilath. In I Fill, at the age of 1C, 
ha nntoriHl tho MtTowitile Navy, in which b« sen-ed witb gt^i 
omlJt iinUl IftAI*, whG»n b& bocnrad an elder bnjtljer of thp Trinity 
IIoQMi, and roHnqaifihcd tbo active dutiriS of bin j^irofcvaioD. After 
hu had hutd tbie runk for Hvo or tix years h& \voe Bloated tu tbo 
post of Dopnty Mniitnr i^f Trinity Elou^tf, thiia ivc^iviiig 1b« IdgheM 
OompUoivtit to bid tkiU und jiidgnieut wbioh could poHMLly Iw paid- 
Ho fulAlL«d the dutioH of tbc office with ho muob djotifiotioa that in 
IftGe h* ratcived tbo hcmnar of knighthood. Since IM<U» b* had 
aUo UwL an w: i^^fc/u corixcrvatur of (}m H)Vi;r ThaiiitH, and a magiH' 
l^&to and Iloputy-tjicutonnrit, not only of £sa«3i» but aLiu cf tto 
Towor Hambtii, anil in all ot theae cfQceH he i.baobarg«>d bis dntiw 
with iiidunlry aud uuiiPcimitLouhui^nh. 

Jorui Baptist Zvexker, — Thie eminent artiwt^ who wa* coii- 
nocled with Qoograpliy not oidy us n, Fellow of cnr Sooi«(y of 
Iwclvo yttiTH ^UndiiLK, bnl aUo ub an illuatratur of bnokit of tuLVid 
*tid OKploratioh, wot Vt Gorman by birth, hariDg hv^n botn ai 





I 

I 
I 



Offftnjvry. — A rrotP — Ztfiftkfr — Ittrrh . 



hif nrtidtic cdTicfttion aI I>ii»iw1doTf, ^nd att4iili;«4 ao lunc^ diMtlnc- 
tiuii hy biH dt&vuigii(jf animals bvfcro bii twoutivUi yc^r tL&t lio 
rrceiveil an InviUfiuo U> tWOourLoftlis laid King oflVurlenibur^, 
witbwhom ho itrng rc*i*lc<I (ni lcnu«i>f fiicn^Ily iutiDMCj> Hcicwuc 
^ Bngland in LI451!, bOd oHcr ik lini^ ^Qtiled in I^ndoa lU profeti- 
f<ifma1 ATliHl. .Although he prMno^ In his timoM rmnficr of works 
of high chcuactcr in oil- and watcr-oolonr*. Iii> w^m chioHy known 
'for Iho wond&rful «kill, fiioility, aad truth irith vrhioli tio poiiciiled 
tb«ao«n4ry n&d nativo \iUi of rt^mcto ooiiTirrio«,fiflaii Irom the mer^ 
■»q£fW disdorijitiiHiH of titiVEilUm or iiHiierfwct iibetcliiM, TTih pro- 
eminent ability ia thia unobtruHiro linuioh of lun art prociiTt>d kim 
«liiic«it coniitAnt ump1'>ymtfDt during % lougMiri^'Aof yi.'iakrs. Among 
tlio II uint' rolls wrU-known bnnVi whinh hn iikslnittiil wnm AtWuBon'* 
*TmvclH ia tbc (I^gionfl of tboAmiir;' MaBDnuaoi]'* ' Lcsfends ot 
Joi>laml ;' Liviogtitcrjd'H 'Zmnboei und ili» TiibiiUrioi;' Aiidoiwoa's 
*T^lr*>Ngiimif Poth^rick'n -TinvdH in r*mHnl Aftie*;' Winwood 
Bodft'tt ' African Skctdi Book;* Stanley's ' IIow 1 fouud Living- 
vtOftft;' Sir S. Hftktya * Albert Nyuiuur Dn Chuiltn'a 'AubiingO 
land;' Bfttoi' * NAturalikt on the Amnzoiui;^ iind MAcgntgor'* 
' TkiummJ MUtfl in iIk* Rob Eoy CiuuMi/ Ha died cm Uw lOtli of 
^arjn&iy liiat. 

Thf4 Hon. J. W. M'<>o]>LroHl> BiiroK^ vrho viu a«suuuufiated liy t.h« 
Uftlay* at Pcruk ou Llic 2nd nf Novcm1>«r Wu vna one of onr .Wo- 
j»atM, luving been elcctod In 11471. £ln woe the cldcti son of th#; 
R«t. J, \V. Hirofj. M.&., Vii^arof All SiLiats, Honfortl, uad oommonced^ 
lii< officUl cArvOT a« a uuiinlwr at iLo Co>lou Civil Servioei Ut 
rtmiuncd in tbat island for tho long period of twonty-fonr yoan, 
from 1B^ lo 1870, fitHuginaucovjuiun m»ny tmportiintpostt.ebfeflj' 
in tUo mngihtratry of iho ov^k^ny. Hi« luul u[]fo[[ilmurit thep» wa« 
that of UcTcmmcnt Agents of tho Eiuitorn t'ro^incc, tho affai» of 
which ho adnkiuititurt'd ^vilb muf^b nbility. In mTO he rMetved 
appc^inlRitTit of OitkiiiifLl ^oemUry tif ilnj SirKits SnUlnmiutU nnd 
cd in &ingiipcir<?, nntd he *aa promote*!, m Novciabor, l**74^ 
to th« ofUoo of K«aid«nt at tho notghbonring Malay SUto <-t P«rak, 
«rhdnt bft WM bnifally iuiird*md by a parly of MqlAyi nmlcir fho 
infliicntx! of po)iLicut txcitciuTruts NctUier the pomonul i^biinijjtor 
«r Mr. Birch nor any q^iiMiion of ht« troatniiunt of th« nnlivod bad 
anything to do with tho c-ataitropho, for h<i wu a n-an alwayii mticli 
mpQCtcd by the populatioua ov«i whom h« luid hava pkoed. 1r 





div 



Sir H. C- Raw uhbon*' AddTfgA. 



Cn^lnn, aftor Iiia long period of ^rvioe, ho vrut «j madi «rii 
that wh-^n Jic left for Singapou* in 1870 ho w^ft oondu^M lo 
vbaff :»t TfiiiootiJul«MJ by the Vfhole natif o pnpuktioo, who with 
teftTH hevTKiled bin <l<^par1iirc. 

The Right noo. Holt MAcKKKfiE wui tho koh of H^^nry Mi 
kouxip, the AUthcir of' Tbo Mud of FcoUti^' Ilin vatly life wi 
ff«Dt in Um Civil fJerricQ of tho J^»t hjJkCompuiiy. Cc«nm«uoin|; 
JifaoAreer in ludin in 1807, li« roH>, tlirongh v^maiu appointrcsntJit 
Ui tlic pgdtioii of B«i:icUi7 lo the SupiiJiuo Gi^ronimciit in tUo 
Territorial Dcpa.rtmtnt, a poat whicli he rotaJnLHl for niAuy ^Oftr*. 
In 1331 \x*3 rotumod to Ktij^IuuJ, and £h<»niy ttftorivorda rotitodf 
from the aervitw. From Ift33 to lfl.H4 ho ftrted iw h ineinWr of th^ 
CtuomiBMoii of Urn Boaid of Co»tiiil| ai»I po^iu uftvr obULiiLCii i\ au&t* 
<m tho Privy Cq^uholI. Hero hia loog «xpc<rio&oo of i&dia c&«hLod' 
huu to rt^tidcr efliKtivtt s^moo wbeuevvr Jiiiiiu eiibj«Gla wony 
under ojTitidomtiir:!, Tli> tlit<(1 ou the labt da^ cT M4ii;Ii iiv^l, ftt thv- 
ndTAiiocd ago ^if B9. hciog tlicu the i^^hlait Mombcr, not % Pcor^ off 
tbo l^rivy Cuuii4;iL| aud one of tlie oldeut MjrYUDljt k>f Ibo Crovvu, 

Bosidea tiio abovj^nnmo^, wo have to regret tho lam duricf; th» 
[Jiifit yen! of th« fuUoftiog M^rmbertf, mhiiy of whom Lnd diatiu- 
gxiifllieJ tLojiifiolvtji4 ilk other walka of life Lbrio G«iogrftphy or 
TtBvol; H. Anflcll, Chwlca E. Alfortli, Fronds L. Bcdrfbud* 
W. R, BJoncowi?, J. BourmaD, JCobcrt Broiilwater, C. C- Btwi-D, 
W. y. Bonnor, Thotoiw Bariog, fu.p., J. ,7, Ifennett, CjiptAln .7. K 
CaldhocV, Admiinl F. A. K Crauford,l\". R. DaUie], A. Dovnix^ 
John DciiiTJc, Johu EJtuMhe, W. S. ElB^«lt«, Ituv. C B. Elliott, 
J, FUhrtr, Ebenezer FoBler, W. Griffiths, Sir Sills Oihbonfl. BarL^ 
W. O. E. Uobb.*, lUghl Hou. TiomuH E, HenJUm, Dr. II, lUW^y^ 
Dr, II. Hiirdingt, V. J. Lntruhf.c.w, WulUr M^Leotl, R, McKorrelV 
,J. H- U^bi^n^ie, D- M^t^phnman, C II. ftfnnt)fAll. TfUcu M&vrogor- 
ito^ Q, Xnylor, N. Pknl, J. Pfttej^n, Oiptviii J. l\iolc, Rpv, 3l A, 

R. Roia, AdmirJ C. 0. Robinson, J, W. Ruf^hoII, R H. 

In, Major R. Rogora, W- J, RidcoiU, J. C. Sm, ii H. 
Thomui, F, Taofcott, Rev. T. S?, Ttirnhnll, Ai^triirat Ward, CcpttlTb 
tiia Hon. F. Wtdpolo, liud Or. Q, ^^^bttdr. 



AraiiuiTV Scfti^STB.*— Steadily pro^v^ug la tho two-fold 
of ohftTtlng sihoTra iirperfectly knovm, atkd delluwitiDg witlk 



65 Uw Hjvlm^plicr, Captain F- J. O. ErnfUf i.r., ca, r,iij. 




Admindiy Sarrejf^ 



(flv 




w~ 

T^^knd the ftnohoDra^o* o£ boCUr known kv^ioqew Uia Uarino Bai 
TindifTtabmi \ty Ui« Admirulty vtill dAKcrtA p«nnA&etit roccrd in 
Annual Adibvss tmm tLo rtvaiJerit, 

fuUDff &(jm OUT own iJtoTOf^ Aurro/a of q pcniuujCDt oW«ctor 
ore bring cnrri*l un in pnrto of tJio Gulf of Si. Lbwroncc, X»w- 

'UIOMt of Afi-ioa— for lh<> iwcnritj of our cmijtKs •n|CH^Hl lu imp- 
proMion of tliu ktiivo trufiio — on tbo »Jiot» of Japui, attd in Um 
HBVunl Aunr.hiliHu Colouit« of Qu^enabuiJ, VictuHa* Suulh Atu* 
trftlio, ftnd >Vcjt AiiHtiolia ; togoihi?r wilt tho rooeittly-AGiiuinJ 
OrowA depeiiijcocy uf lliji. 

Barvnys of a cl^dushad RhnrjtrtRr hy tndried snrreying offioen 
Utd oUicrH harct nlfo been modo in tho UodilonwiMiiii o& ihd 
l» of ChiitiL^ and ftmong tl^o iblAiid« in the waei«m li&Lf of tlio 
|Uk Fftcifi's Ocvnu. 

Tho vojage of Uie C£aUm^«Ti duw vn tho ovo of complotioit, Imn 
L^nnof tlio pMt y<«t- nkAt«rirhl)y Addod U* our knowl<Klg« of tk« 
[cftlOftogrftpb^'of tho radfic OcL^itn; itm dctftiU of which will 
tm gifim liiirvidftcr. 
^_ 1'he Arotio Kipodition, nnder CaptoiD Noroiif compriwrd of tbo 
^H BCTOw atc4Uu-ttliipa ^Wf aqiI Dttct^iery, and ftcooiapatttetl b^ (he 
^^HMpldlv-wU^l frignte TaltTOut, Icfi uur hIjoh^h ImIo in tUo mcmUi of 
H^Sm^ lft»l. Tho two Pol&j phipv, nftor compktini; their provisionid, 
fori, aud fitr^r^s at Dittcoi in I^vih Stnut^ parud Ttxaa tfao FolnroHt 

»Hnd prtio<;odi:dou thuij- way WSimLhSc^und. Tho rn£<n-inu. i^turmn^ 
to Kngl^jid altvr sti uLtsCiKu of tliiliiuii ivci'ke. T'Orrunii<<l good 
MTViOA ou th« homeward viiyog^ by obtaining docp «]Tmdin]£(i luid 
Horial nconn Inmi^ruturrH in Daviji iiUutand Lhu AtlciDtin Ocnut, 
Thzongh ibo JAudahlo £0a\ of OtkpUin Allon YouiLg, while on- 
gogod ill ELEi «>aorpriHiig voyngo of oxf kniLtiou in tho Atotjo «cs«, 

Ilha lim» of firrivnl nt nnd iio|mrtnru tmtn Curey Ulnndi (ni«r 
3«allh Sifund) of tho rolu tJupH waa nBotilaiiicd ; und Ictter.t 
booyuji w[th hopM for thojr future rscoiv^d up to tho iTth of 
Tlitnt havo bwu Ihns I'lupluyed diiriu^ Llio pasi yuar uxidtT Um? 
direciioa of ihtt AJmij^lty. in eiplorntory rui«ru^b| tbrco of Dor 
M«jc«tyV Hhipfi, with oQiaplomonta uf i>l offioora. including eovaTV 
gOQllmiUMi iit Mixicuat ^uieiitJljr? ai^iitiirrmciitif, and 30ft man; two 
BurYoying nur-bhips, ftrioigii. aud oiw uii bomo mitioo — oupbying 
SO offioora LLnd *2li) monj »U dolocbt^d mrvoying parti4>», furaigii 





vlrui 



Sir H. C HAivtJX9oai''« At^irta- 



^fuhriMd by \hu oonnnuador, offiMn, utd or*w of tlXf ya$$aiis. 
and Ik Uoloiled mrrcf cotapluted of tli«< ooaMt-lbi» aftil (ktit||^rs 1^' 

Ut. Ji' ^n, T9Wftr4» tbo ekM of ISTd it -waa Mcoani? t»1 
lumuvo lbs ntilp to th«i Opo nf Good Hope, nnialy 10 T«crn1t th* 
bodtii ^r tho creir, ami aleo lo rt£l. CaIIii^ rj> r««Je At Port 
LUocunbiqii*, Lor coiiiiui^»;kr, Lic^otoiiiwt F. J. Gny. occoapflbOiod 
1^' unr C^nMtl tbiro, in Th« int<Hn:ttM of ikATJgiiboiti •ffvol^d th# 
luoeut uf tbv ucigKlAiuriuK Tulil<j mirunrHiu fa order Mcomlcly t» 
iloU^rmiiie it« poHiEi<jii ; tLia ckrcktcd Ucd fL>rmiiijE a vaUiAblo E&vk 
,froin MMiwiird, wbcro tho cunciiiJt m& ^tron^. A l(.*w J&jfl aft«t 
returu from lUb brid^ uiipedltiiin, ami twforf< ihn tnhip hjut mtdwd 
A tumpcinto region, thi> cammftaJor quick]/ ^Ncciinibed to tbo 

>Cif4J 1^ iK>bl4 ufli^L*!- (thu i-uuiTDitcujcni prompting Ikim wui on ifA 
wuj li> tln> sUiii btfvrc tW ftL-couiiL of hii dcalU rawiicJ tliu Ad* 
ittiraltj'), I'raiLsfvm^^L from tbo ^4vi^J(V^JJ; tu tb« JilKCCutivo lint 
of ofBooin for AOU of brftTOr/ and <r<xi] ^clf-poteoMioQ whon ou ^ 
furmnr nurvcyin^ rxjinditicm in the Siilu Sfia. be* (imWfpcl himEwlf 
Uf ftU Titli vrboui bo vrad Mbociatcd, not ooly for Li» nociat qnalitii'ft 
«jid (;cmUutii>t!tH uf taantiun, but ftUo for bis pn^fcbBiuJuJ abilities and 

'Hio iVitHMJu, unilr-r a now <;Quiuajiilur, il. J. NApior, tvlio ha* 
M«D R()<>d survoyioif'acrviod, ia sow on bor i*u7agd to Cbisa t>. 
Minnie wurle iii tbat «0Ui 

JajTon^^CftpUEn 8t' John, and tho offlcem uf H.M.S, Sflvia^ 
liAvo parlbriiMd good lorvico ou Ulo i»boreii of Nipoti aud ^iltok. 
1*bo SlfaHi *f HimoDo««i[i and Jautdi, forming tho oxtremc oiutam 
and Mortoni «ntnnoca of th^ Iitlaiid Sen ; aji alH> th« t^Tjtraiioa ti> 
(Hr«ri Imj- «ad ibo ooast boiwoun Hum mid Orrufti h^yB have hcctk 
■«r*«/iMl 1^0 oammcMurAto accdocr, 

J«p*n«ao oiffi<4«» »r« aIkc making lusoful Jiyilrotp-uEJiIo Hnrvoys* 
lAotfally of karboiint not hnrntoftrjt* oomclly ob»i'l«d on tbo' 
uf tljo groator ialaodn : and abto among tlio ojf-ljing groups 
V tlMt ftovlk woi^vrikjd- notaMy at Oo«ima IsJuiul aud tbe MpU^^^ 
lia gT^oPt "1^5 of tboM AEirvD^n anr |>ubLKb<>d hy tiio Japan 
ntraltj In a tvrm UMiful for Europoftii iiavigatorn, tiomo of tbft 
lyjnP JfMw ^jpiP^tn tliia mcritj^rioUH w^k rG<M;ved iutitniotiott 
||llll)Ay i» ««r own •iirvoyinK ihrp*. 

|Ma— A* a farl«f apiMKlu ui the St/lvin'g Japan »urvdy. CapfAitk 
wua dincted in Augoflt io«l to makci a cur«i>ry ozaniinn-' 



jUnir^hf Smvtyi. — MpditerMtMsn. 



avil 



ly very mftTk^id heo-pinj-up or aemiiniilfltion of XUo clopwit or 
mD<i'4drt i>nt«iilo llie w«tmi breakwaUr of IWt Sud, •uoh as 
might hAva boon i^Kfioolvd in thi> ftm« tli^t h^d eUpttod ^m tho 
mrTej tnaile in tho itpHrt|f of 18T3 ; mcr^ <r«pod>11^ ha tWro bfiil 
b««n * vury Li^h Nil« iti Ifl7^. It w«n. Ic.wpv*it, I'vidunt Ibat * 
eI<iTrbut Dortainittudlowiiigof lb(? wal^r <)bUiii^» ftfl tlio 27, 30, Miil 
.MS f«*t. c^tnuiiirlincji wore noftwurd of thow before »nrfl&j^, Tlio 
IjotUim wAh iiivrtrinljlv uiiiil juid mud uf a ntilTcUjuj nitiuro. At 
a depUi of 2" fcot tbo »wd wu in ecc««i. inoTQasiDg u {ha wat«r 
flhoaWd ; at dupth< oxtsjodin^f 3:^ foot mnd aJone wnt fmnd. Th* 
dupoinLon (IT lovL-lliii^' nf ibu txrey mtul foiiiiil nnrdtwnnl Hikl woet« 
of tbc wrat brcAkwal«r duiiDg former imrvoys ww probably 
Ino tf> Iho winter wfatctly gjUoe» ■whbh prov^ilod bofore SUB- 
['otnmnTiiVr TiniTaut (.'ummc^nood bii4 OK^LiJiinnr.ion. 

Tlie hrjiMkii of tbv year pi-uVL-titod mon* tbftn n cuisotj enaminn* 
Hi«iiol Lbociirr«ntBa1t>n£thoadjiiocntcotLKtp bo farwtbivoxtoadodt 
tiM OOOKdnsioDa dtuwn voiv: — I, That the wind mainly inflnonoftf 

in pjmpfil. 2. Tlmt rli<» prevailing wind in nortli-wtt*L H. Tbat 
lio pT«v«iliiig <70irviit IB vAtiiatiy. or from the Dnmiettn montli 
tovr&rdji Port Said. 4. The IJnonf KtniiJj;<4t otirrt^t ia that burdar- 
on ibe Damtftllu moufb of iW Nilw *ind ll^ pnijwtfng lyvint 

ft of Tcrl Sttid. 5- Tha uiimmt in rclaHcd *nd diverted by 
vrMa contm/y to iIp ooQtv«. and wholly rovorw-d by Btron); t'aiitorly 
vindn, tit a «>>Tilinuiition of light e»fll4<rly windi, fi. Thp unnd- 
dnfl of llio (xjatit ljolw4«en Ohciuil and IVirt Said in aliroya to tlio 
«at£w»rd, or lawardji tho western brotLkwnkr. 

Tho ooaat-tino batwMn tb<» Dftmietta month and Fort Said waa 
abo by llii* wirmy fnitid to havo uiti^nded amiHiJenibly mMiwanl 
maoe that mode by CAptiin MauMJl, k-v.. in I8&<i ; in »otqc placo« 
nearly U> tLv ez1«Ql of tbreo-^iiarkirn of a milo. FormonAnt li^iacb 
martcA vtcto^ t^h Staff Com mnndcr Millard'ii liuggitilJon, «ru.'ted by 
Hm E^ptian Uuvcrumunt. in i>nl(^r. by future Hiir^'ejs, to t4.-bt 
a09nt«t«ly Iho eouditionfl and rnto of cxtonuon of this particular 
coaflt disrrict. 

StafT-Ctiiumiuidcr Xiltiu^ la now oc^^d iu re-AoiindLDg the 
V|ipvr partof tUo Gtand Ilarbour at Malta, there being eridonoa of 
a slow Hilting tip in [larla^ Ah lhvvi.> Hc»ni1]'ng« will V TefvrTeil 
to A Ilxed ilHttmhiuaik, tiuict ooinpaiinuuet t.i{ diaiigr:* lu piD^nim 
oan l>o niado in Ibe fatarr?, 

Kttti Gxut /'/ A/fiea, — Exoellnit u-citk on ihii trying toaat, niit- 
riltuLtahdiit^ ^icc^ii^ual alfikncpji ouil advurae vrcatU^. Iiafl bevu 



cU 



Sir H. C, IUtaxksosV JiiJr<^, 



lA^^tcaatxi Jlo^dc^n, uiUi»ppi)jr fcU 9t viotini to ^rollovr fever in tLo 

havo fomplntcd tlio eiiTToj of tljo ooa«t-]iiio fj^m Svaa Itivor 
nortliw^nl to tti« 28tb parallol. or jiul beyond Ptort Grtgoiy. Ttili 
fltictcJi ofcotal i9(lMUiil>t.Nl daiuuMlluirit'ii and tnljoA{r!uLlt\ fringed 
with ouUyi&fi^^uidsintkcinTodtA* ill aoTi^oi'Wj^citoiidin(;iKT«n 
Tai\tf9 from the titoTc: fri^-\v[Ltfir f^uco und har<IIy J)i»kabKi. 
Tbo croJy ^W-eH of tiLi<1(or for vi^^h^U 1:1 ibJH Jiiitrjut, Q&arljr £00 
milod in c3t«ttt, an Cb^topion And Jiirien Ba>9w tbo bitt«T only 
ifcvojhiblu ibr a tirtudl gIuh of yocecIu, and uTon for tbcm difficult of 
ftoo^M, P<in Gregory U tli^o » boHt-hmUjKr ; il b»8, nevprthnlww, 
fcrr AOtuo yi^arft b«oa iLu uutIqI fur Ihu piiKluct' uf ibo Qonildin« And 
other mat«Uif(ircui minca Id tbo Ri?i£hlx)UThood, Ucin^ uDwife to 
winter, il will jirohabh- bo abaodoiiod an * sliippiTj^ \K'H vihnn tbo 
I'ftilwny irj pi^r^rv«h fiuru Cbftmjituu Hay t» thn iiitni^ i^ o-'napTctcd, 

The Burvoyiuff foroo ia now working iia way from Swnn Kir«r to 
Capo Looiitviii and King Goor^ tivnnd. Ibo coast rog-ion aonth 
fit Googrnithn Tiny in little hnown, and gofid reoidtn will follow tbiN 
cxAmination^ 

5lw(A iluWrnija. — Tbo oxonunation of tbo couat and ofCAyixtg 
U!kiida ntid Koiinilitigfl 1>eCween Ca^pc Catiutrf'pbd nnd Strmky 
l^Liy tttill {JtiJgu^suiA Eiiider Htaff-CuuimfLudei' Howiui], Ouo i?f bin 
aciufftuitttt ftt ibo rcqnodt of the Colonial Govcrnmont, hiLB hukIu ut 
«labonito nm'oy of Port Piri*^, in Sfuiovr G»lf, and had fllo> com- 
innnred fur fniglnpdHng pnrjioiWA, IQ the interests of tho nolfmy, a 
aaiToy of tbc 4ca-moiLtli of tho Murray Itivor. 

Vici^riet. — Tho feurvoy uf IJiLnka Strait, ref«rrod to in tha AddreK« 
cf iMt year, in In progrMa. The iieoeefiity of tbb «xainiiintion ia 
abown by rc\ttal Uf^w dangtrs i^ii^eDling tbeinsoWw. Btctp- 
tlooaUy bad W(ikib<>r in tbo curvcyin^ f<,ubuu i^ruviulod ; a fc&ftiiij 
that WAfl obMirvrd gnnprallj ibroiiglioiit thn Aiulfolkn colot^ioii, 
Bobwin Bay (Lbu tbinf ihjH of YictmltO tiiu aUo be«n Murvtiyod in 
atnnte d^tiul to moot projcotod borbour-iiu prove tncnts. 

QtJ<wM*FaTnl — Tbo *ur\"*y for tho i^awl yoar haa born eonfin^ lo 
tbe louudiiig out thn lugion bollBidiid 00 tho nortb by the Hco 

between 'Wut HiI) aud tbe Percy Inlcft, and tbo avwral appioacboA 
to Itrood Sound. Nmiioj<iu« uid ^'^tctL^ivo (thoala oii«t boro, otid 
Uio mrtpy hna diftcloartl Umt grpai tyiro is tioooBUkry in navigating 
tbvHo wat«JtL Tbe gnrat nujgcr of tide at Broad Soimd— orcr 
80 lo«l— and tbo ricb character of Ibo aclJAccnt country, pobt to 



4 
I 



4 

a 

4 





k 



i 



Admir^Uy SuTM^*"^^ GiaiUngtr* Expedition, clxl 

thU difftnot D» '>Do of great tvIuo id tlio future mjintimd intort«ta 

i\ri' fxloMk. — Thin group hftvm^ recently beoome & ooIohjaI de- 
pcDdoncy, LlvuUauit D&WKn. tftor tbo comploUou of Ui4> ofafttti of 
Konh Koat Now Quin«o, made in H.M.S. BatiU^ CftpUin Horcobj, 
mrd nff^ired lo fn llid AdiTi^ss of taat yoMf. wm iloUohed wttit a 
noill pAity and n atcttin^lftuoch tc tli<i Soiitli couit of Viti I,cvu. 
A dotoiliHl pliiD cf the Siivft bft}" ctnd tVic adjoo^nt ndf^hbourbood, 
^ a lu*g^ •oaJ«, hoj bvQti oomptct«d, iu Ai^tioif anient of (bo «eftt o{ 
OoPWronwDt Iwing recioroil from il^i |>io>cut juMutloii in l^-nilLft to 
thift, or Mtno xaaca ouitabTo nte. LiouUiunt Ddwhqq luui roootiUyt 
from ill-hf^tli and cJipokur^, buan ccmpeUod to rtNiigu tho cUvge 
of th<i ATirvf<y, 

Decp-S^a Ej^jtlrrintf Ejjtcdfivm.— Thx: ChuUnfjrr^ UboRT* arc aow 
dmwiiig to & oloKo, &Dd vrithia a Cow liaya liur nrririil in Kuglitnd 
liioj- Itf *Ki>oot*<l ; tlius itfrtTiitJtttiDg a vftyago which, for the wJda- 
Biai of itA »ciipa in Uio (IbM (pf U^rreftlriiil phy#i»].l rotmbrcli, tintl 
iLo lolidity, and— it may bo, indeed, Ekirly tuid— brill inncy of tho 
TMiJtt, liAA &ot b«en &io6ll«<l in ftny pTVCodicg gerivrutioo. At 
tbin timp bwtyear the ChaU^Ttifi^ was eng«g<id in tbp Inland t^nrt 
of J^pqj), aflor having Irecn rcfittod nnd docked at tbo JopaiibH} 
Govarnuieat port of Yokoska. TL« dr^ging And trawling (>p«- 
Tittimia In ibe Inked ScA jirodnced lillla of int^rmt l^i thf^ itAtn- 
n1iiit«, «£id timv ptuiailug, Japan w«e Hiiully quUtt-n] vn \hn iCtb 
of Jane: iho d<:'op-eeft eoundinga provionnly in^do fmui ihu Ad> 
mirnlty Libindi ii'irth of Now Guincu bcinj; nciw coaDecled wlUi 
the Soulb oout of (Xbamft. 

IVom yukjdiamni tt section betwoon tho 35t]i ftnd 38th pft 
tjf Utiindo won run lo lb« ibAlb nupridian of west longittido 
deep^nt wutcr f^tiuid hviug 3060 futbuiDb)i fium wbeiioe tha oounw 
iTM «hApod direct fo^ the Sandwioh JjJaiulji (tho deepest water 
cm tho lutter Beotion a025 fdthoaiH)- Th« fioa-bottom ievol ut tho 
gnat doprha of ihe»tj Boctitirus of the Nnrib Pacific 0<'can in 
tbrougbont very utiiform, compoevd of ted clay, with wonganoso 
ikfld pimiiDo, Uki Jattp>r ronch increjumif aa tho Sa&dwidi iBlaadft 

Honohiln wjut reached on iho 2Ttli of July, tifuving Hoiiololu 
on tbo nth of AnguBt, dt^ep ftonndiiign wer« tfilcea ('Jur^.* £atboiQ(«) 
OhUii and Hawaii, and four days vrora s^nt at tho 
of nilot in iho Tnttcr i»Iuud, to afford the vcji^titino ub- 
iorrcre the opportunitj of viMlting tho orator of Kilanva, wJior* 



4dxii 



Sir H* C\ ICawi.iXi«>n'* Atktrrs^ 



nnfEVLotio olw«rvAtiou« woro nmde, and a ttsn^n of ^bcjto(iTaiA:o 
vitwu Uki*ri. (JiitttinR Hik' on iho H^th of AHgait, a wmitw? whk 
aLivj>oil for Tttliiti. wKlok wiui tundxcU mi the Itillj of SofitcEubcr, 
or eiMiHtccii HonQtliiiKiB tftUnn on ihiF noclion, ibo deopoat vru 
3005 fulh*jmsi, witb nd ftvnnti;© depth llirongljout of 2800 fothnma 
Lertvin^ r<i|MwL<< Iti Tuliitiuji tLu 3nl tif OclubtfrjLo^oI/^nrfer pro- 
-Mcdc4fiout1iwai-d«AAdraAcljfM] tb« [Mrelld of 40°l in 133" W.; tbo 
<t»p«dt M>uiid]ug olrUiuoJ — l!60ij fiLttouE— being at tliis tDTXiing- 
polht; lhi» c-i>iijKi* wa« ni>w i*li»rg«il fur Valparaiw^ Jnftn Pit- 
narnlcK ^yi^^ i^ the Irnck, it vtnn dooJiUil t^f vi^)t llmt island, and 
i^iuabcrl&ELd boy wtu rcacliod vu tLc 13tb of Nuvcabcri tvo Jaj& 
^Tpre npent h^ra 1iy the XnluraliffU in makiug biicti rollpi^tianii ah 
tlxc tiuv^ aQ'ordcd; on the 19th of Nov«ml>or the thlp nnrJiorcd at 

Combimug from the aWa veporis of Proft^stor Wfvill^ ll^onmiii 
And StjifT'dfra^jmnJcrTiKHnl tbo i^itulU otiC^Qi^ lu the ci>nliAl ami 
oMlcm paiU of tha IVrifio Oocael in 1375. yviih thoao txuide m 18T4 
in tlio wdfltern iiarti our knowledge i>f iho phypJc* cf lUfl wid» 
ftipunnn of watms in tavu t« Ins groitly citimdwl. Tho gvnenil 
dintributiou of tho ■Ott-tcmpfli»turoa— an imporinnt fefthire on 
olimatio wild olbor groiioiit — ndnitta of Wmg thiii brielly do- 
Acribn^ : — Tho whole miwa of WAter m^y ha nrituddDrod ns divided 
into two Imj'orK'^ho upper coiuporntivoly HUpoi'firiAl, wid Tupidly 
cooliiiff ftcta tbo nnrfoco dowii^varde, tb« lofVQi- tjf incomparably' 
j^nftteT &lDcnt)t, oxr^ndmg fa the bed nf the ooe&n, atid <if )i«Aily 
thfl sunn trmpnratnm throughmiL 

Tkeeo g«uenil foalurvH will l>o appnrtnt liy tbo followiQ^ clami- 
floaticoi of thomnximam and minimum temft^tatureh (Fohronhdl^ 
olum-vc^ from tho i(urfiic« downwarJs. 



ItUlfiuMl 

SO fkLtbontf' ilcrptb 

i2£ 

*» 

wo .. 

1000 .. 

below 






li. Ifictfle. a. hvrtfe 



Oil (I 



UMnnui TVqsfvniiiit 

vllHTVCd. 



N.IVIIK^ 



B2-f 
739 

45- i 

36-8 
350 



^■5 

53 -fl 

38 4 

3«>0 

34 e 

34 



IL VwtBr^ 



34-* 



I • 

I 



Admirtitftf ^nrr^n.^^' ChotUtt^* f^jpedittoH, clsiR 

ivaaal line of 40''^ tHtm itidi<^UM nearlj tlio dtvifiuf' 
limil WtwocB tk«o two Uyure, imtl, mi » general rale, ooioilbfttoi 
b«t«iMiii tiio 400 And fidO fftthnmi* depth*- Abora 11ii« lliw llie 
dkfadbdttoii vf tempomluriv U «p|«rBDtlj regulated bj OftUMfl 
^MMhK tlu> Mfl-snrfacQ tcmponturoe. The Utapcmtorc «f tb« 
underlying mau in, QOvurdii^ to Vrofomtrr Tkuinnon, derived fmm 
Aiuttliar Butiivv* uid itfl diiilributiuu guvtunml bj utli«r Ijiw, In Ui» 
npori from ViklpanLito, datC'l ^tli D^TComboTt 18'^ it b >tatod: — 
''Tbi>clc|ith oftho l^aoiitii? mcroaRQB iJowlv from theiiovtb fotbtn^rtb, 
tiwrnaui ditfuraiiuobi'twuirn llwdttpth uf llii* ^ii>ulh rtt';ill<>arvd that 
«f the NoHL boin^, poi'iiApB, M tnuub «• lOOO ffttbcmuL* Not- 
withjrtAnJinj; tbtf inorvMo in d«ptb, wo hft^A ntiftliud ounto)vo«, 
*ltl-)Oii^btJir' il^tdrrntthJktTOii iioncof grwtdifttoully^tb^ttbnbtjitnni- 
toiuimrjitiui.^ iii>tis frliybll.v fruui tbo *ontli iiciUiwai^B, Wo coo 
•onreoly »«>' moro tbw that it ruM ftliKbtlf , for tho dilToi^ntMMs in 
toitLperattinM below 1600 fathoma &» «> cicftll that a ramiU mn 
(m]y be krrivoil at by a can^hil roEiiblnalJoii and Rojuparivrim of 
many obaorrntiona." 

'■W« 04a Bcorcoly doubt tbot, li]c« tlio utmilar nuuB of oold 
bntton-vral^^r m ibfl AtlanUc. tbi' litittmn-WBtrr uf tlui I^ifio im 
tti eirticmffly slow itidrani^ht fn^m tho SotitLcm Sea. That it 
tft tnoring, and moving froED a cold bduivo, in ovidont from tbo 
fiict thftt it in mnciU colder tlmn tJio inuiui winter tempi^ratare uf 
tlw atctt i*liicJi it occupioe, auil ooldor tlian tLu mcuii 1«u]]ra^~atu^« 
cf iba crurt of tli« (.virlh ; tbnt it It laiiivinK in t>no mau ^m tho 
•outhwardu i* shown by tho uniformity of it« L»OTiditi<iii*, by Iho 
gradtiu] tiAO of llic bottLUn-Cocipcratiuoe it iLo noribwanl, and by 
ithft laot tbat IbcFQ U ro ndcquftto aorthom bqutoc of iUoU a body of i 
■ftlaTt BobHcK Strait boing only 40 fathoma deep, and a sonridoib 
tAAti part of tlmt n^-Mi boiiig occupiod by a vThhriu current from thft 
lUoifio iDtt> tboAroticSca, and by our knowledge from <^bmrratioiiS 
that one or two trifliT^g riirrcnt* tram tbo Sqo. of Okoteb simI tb4 

* TLd 4;ido(ih] Lhotrftft of llm uuudL&fr cpcnliuni in dw PiidJiD Oofaa 

I .^ -^^^ 

,iltBdta^>^'a iaai>aih<ini .' 1 In Kv. 

.. fhim wxHT LLT ?mi« aijKJiiii i , 

„ friHEl K» In Miifl „ I , 

truin 3000 ki Mi'O ,. B » 

ftnn WiB ]« aiiUU - 12 i. 

r^idl WOO Ed lD7f „ 1 J. 



fran tUMI In 9000 

mat UM fg luu 



Sir fl. C- KawlissON'* Address, 



8<A| wlucli luro readily dctootod nod looaliKod, and aro 
qinto indf-poJiilftTkt of Iho tnam ihjuk of vx\i^ wnt-?r, rujirwii-nl Uw 
ojjj Atutb inllo*. Duiicg it* pragturra iiuitliw&rL) tLu uppor 
portioD of tlio mam boci>mc« elijibtly rmi«od iu tonipomtiiro bjr 
miiitaro with, urd jKMuably by slow ccinduction from, the nppw 
IftyQtii Vtfhicli uii.' utluuitid by Hulur Lval/' 

"I Atu etci7 day Uiorv raljj Miieficd Ibftt iIlIa influx oF oold 
wjitor into tho Pooifio ond AtUnlic Oooftni &i>m tho ccuthwiutl m 
Ui Imj referred to tha simiilmt luid hiuhI ubviurm of oil r&ititoA, tht? 
exoM« of cvapoiutioa over prouLpilttticai of tho Und-houkHphcrc : 
flnd tho cxoeaa of pTCoipitaticb over uvnpotation ia Um middla oad 
ttOUthem part of the %rAtor-h«muipliuTV." 

"AfU't wLut 1 Lavi! already fitiii). I unrd »<;4irwly fti]d lliftt I 
Wvo tiovcr nccD, whether in the AUrintio, the >:^oQth^ru Soa* or 
tlie Pacifioa tli« ilight«Bt gruund &r BupjxHfmg thut buuh ft thio^; 
exists ii« » g«ii<^riil VL^rlliTHl eiroutHlioii of thu wfttor of the ooeaii 
dcpoudinjc Qpon diflcroQCGs fir specific ^avity,*' 

The £qQntotiiiL carront woa ibund^ in nccordanco ^vith Uic oz- 
perioni.*« of former oftvigHtoi-s, to oocnpy t^ rogion of tbd trado- 
windei. uv. iippruiuuulvly f[i.iia ^C^ et, t>j 20^^ ^h ; aa wu (Jeitj Ihu 
DATTow, but strooi^, cnuntcr-ciirrent Actting lo the eastivftrd b«(wtou 
tb« paralloli ul' 9° and 5° K. Oa tiia poasage frvta Uonoluln to 
Tahiti, wh«iL i» 7^ N.» tht« tountvr-currenl wuj^ futju^l tobi» runuing 
at tho rate of £0 xdjIoc o-dajt with n i^urfdc^-tf^iuperAtuTe of 80^ to 
83''. In V X-, Uib MOulh brauob of the Equutorickl or wcst-gotog 
oumnt wiui mnniog at the great rate of TO mil&a A-daj*, vitli the 
tUTfactytoiupviatiirc at TT', 

SuvQrul ot»survatioi^e fk>r volo^ity aud tuinpi^raturn wore mrido in 
tho J.apaa Htronm, or Kiiio Siwo, Id Jnn^ a c^uTont of b XtJof-e an 
hnar Wfifi found on tUa l36tL meridian, botwceit 32.J" aud 3^}'^ N., 
with varying BUrfacK^teiuperaluro» fiT>ni ^V to 63^ Uiu rate of tho 
atrooia iiot being afl^ooted by th« ehangea from ccbi to warm watur. 
ThfUm peculiar effect are pj^bably not fouud tu tlui en^twaril of 
140' t., fti;d there, apparciiUy^ tho fttrcfliu 14 u waroa oEtr* 

Tho ooureo of th« Japan atream is much the aamo as ifiat of th& 
Gu1f'KlTi»m, nnd due to iht* ahuh? r^UKe. 11m Eqnatorial enrrcnt, 
orrttlhcr its uurtbuiubmnch, etrikitiga^^muBt tb? Pbilippmo grtJUp* 
arid <jthoT iatandfl of the Eatt^ni Arohipotago, ie divert^ to tho 
north, btit in a Ihhh jwruiHtieiit xii\\ defined manner than thn T(!qtra< 
toiiiJ currvut is iii tho Atlanlit by thu unbrukoQ Amuriiwu con- 




Admiralty 5unyy4.— ■ OutUen^r ' ExpotUtlon, clxr 



I 



iXfOnt. NoTorthoieUi thu Alrf-atu |>a4ftc* the MuUieni -uomU of 
J^piifi npporontlj 01 a pormanoiil onmfit, fixorcinng m porO(?ptil>ltt 
llbonDJct inildunw iom Av^th iif at l«ut ^tOObthonu. Tbt^ in^ut^iioe 
of tbo J^pUL aUowu lUtAi irti tLv lomperatun of tlie imxuu ha cojn- 
pMod with tlio Nulf AtxTAni^ i^ LowcTtr. rnu^h aoonor roduccd AEid 

irrrinttrt of bcinj; g1o4Ci1 up liy iho form of iht laDd-l>ftrr]trt a« in 
lb* AtlAOtio, ipreadj out in the Midila luid Woj^tom 1*00160 UcfNin 
ic a wiflt thMft of ftbriorcutly wiirm wnfur, oxtonding lo a depth of 
AM^ly 100 fatLoiuA, 

On the imturo of tb« l>ottc>ia r>f tho Fficlflc Oomu uid il* f<tntii« 
ProftfliOT ^Vyvill* Thomaon dowribci tho formar in that great 
ttit«iil bvlwtwik Ja|>&u bjiil ilu? duiiJwii^b IiikuttH lui tmifijnn. behig 
of red <^jf, ocrctAiiuDf: a Urycc propurlion of tlio tobtaof silioooua 
<U|puiltiai^ And « ooiutdi:ral»le <)uantity of pumioo in diffomnt nUtc* 
•f COQkmLuulioii uDil iI«ooin|HMliou. Tlie uUy wun ruvrid to »>titit[n 
Acarofily a trace of i^rlwuaLo of Ijiqo, although Uiq buiIiico avrftnnod 
■with ooca-fbmutiif fcinuninifara. Oror tho wbolo aron tho red olay 
««8 fVill of cobctet*ODft.contrikl]ng niHiuly of percxidi^ of manga- 
hbvo, rarymK in »lm fitmi a giaiu of fuiiHlard'Mvd to a largv 
potato. When thopc coacroiionA oro hrokcn, thoy aro fotuid to 
of eoncentHc UyoTUn >nd tiniiull)' KTuTtin;; from a nuolcui 
lag of itnme forti^i b<iity, 4iidi aa a t^kvo of paiiik^, i HliHrlc'A 
tOOt]i« Of a fmgmcnit cf nuy orgiLuLtiQ' Tho coricrctiuu* kpfirar to 
fcnn loOft« am^jDg the eofc cUy, mid the Angularity im HtrikiTig bi<th 
of the amount oflkU niaugiLniwa ftmifttinii and tftu vnv^t area vMoli 
4t Ci/rcn*' Tho faunn tjf tho North I\ici0(; at diTpthit of fioni 2000 
to 8000 fatbttiDdH although not nbtindntit in epecice, was by no 
in««in>i meagre; and ifa^ TintriTalLata vr&r^ again ntntrk with the 
imidorfii] Einifiruaity rjf tlje tftiina at i\\<-»^ depths. Ifnotoiaolty 
tiiowno Bpi>cioD, vi^ry uimilaT rc]>n>ttcinUtivtg of tho eamo gcncrn 
^MOnr Id all porta of thp world. 

Hetwonn th<a ^Dilwiuh Inlan^ii and Tahiti, and from lUilti in a 
ncridional ditPctioTi to tha pitrullel of W^ fc., tlje bottom ia doacribcd 
muitiEy of 1^1 clay, oiLt^pt in the neighli<kurhoo'l of tlii> 
rf^^olftanic? iHlandB, whcr<^ it wns fonnd to be largely 
ccriDpopod of volcanio dShria and shore-mud, containing occosiooally 
an adtniatiir<^ I'^f iho dai?ayin^ eh&llB of fomnjiiiifi^ra, and at uoatly 
all fba lonndin^ 1 large proportion cf tho mfl.ngwicfi€ ooncretlouAj 
Irom the niHi of a nut Uj ihut of an orange, aud [o^ing into fino, 

VOL. XI-V(. m 




chcri 






AJmottt mlCTCaoofio gmniilos w»r^ obM>rTc<d. Tba bottom 
OTi»r Uio wlii^ilo (if the mxiigiuiefie um Ib mirKgn), botb AS to QQa 
of Fj>«cicB oJid namber of icdividBals, Ita ncopa and extent ww, 
h^wvwT, tcanx-lj fAitly UeleJ. uu 1^1> |>r««vito<- of luftngt 
TioduUvi wna nimnst fhtal to the tvorldng nf ftin iniwl. frrm thtfir 
wuiglit bnngiDg a destructive strain on tht: linoi or t<:ant]£ ftwtiy 
thotrawI'Lii^ Thu mwJmf; betw^^n Juon FoTnAiidcc fttid Val> 
ItarftUci wns egpecmUy intareiitiiig. ArLimjil forms were mncH tiiOT» 
fibundaut tliui they utnially niv in ttjo PActftc, tlicir gptiorml <^- 
Todcr rewmbliog i» ft Temurkftblo degr«« Lho focn* of tho SaiaUi«m 
Sea in tbe neighlKiurbood of ihe Crozet and Kergnlen ielniidiii rnflnj' 
of tho iii>et'irti being itlnilionl, Frofiwaor Tlxniuwn riTiiiarka on 
tUa tnw]jDg-»tAttoa 1 '*Kotvrit1iatiindiogtli« ooiialderal>l« deptb of 
Tri't fatbomn. tbc r^onditioos in thie looalitv Gocm mitoh rooro fovour- 
ftblo 1o AiiimtLl lifv tfian even tbe Trmnganpee urea ; and 1 bin in* 
(^Uiiisd loililnk iLat vrc bud BtriJck upon onoof tb^Ligbwaj^n by wluct* 
migrfttioii tftket {>Uco to tho northward frcm the E^utbem &)a-'* 

L«a-riiig YilparaUo on tOUi of D«<;«inber— tbo scotionaJ eound- 
tng% nnrl Hnricd ttimi^nratnriu cxLi'^ilinK to Jnan F«TT;Aiii1n7 hnvEng 
^ftrtai completed — tho Ch*iUcng<r proceeded to the e^iutbwikrd. «ti]l 
■pTOMcaluig tUo Oo«Bii vork, aud onchorvd &d Iht) liut CTOntngor 
th4 oM ytmr nt Port Otway, in tho Golf of Poitu. On Ndvr 
Yo»r'n Vny McsiicT Chnrmol waa uuterod, nud o[t the 20th of 
Jnouory Ibo titrait of Maf:eUuij w&« olvuiod, nnd Port tilanlcy, 
FoJkUnd Ertluidi, rMf^bed cm the 23Td. At Kovpral of tho nnohor- 
ngm takutL up in McHUcr. Smyth, and SuTituuntu tbiinnnlii, m nlsc^ 
in HagftUon Strkiir*. (ixploring parties jn oid of EDolt^gic&I oudt 
bolAniod KcionoQ wuro d«lachod, wbiio from Iho nbip tho iiMialf 
aimndiuj^ and truv^lliig opprn^ODii were Hvdulouvly tvrrivd out* 
Xhiriug tho foiisight spent at FolkloEid T»landa tbt; tditp mured U^ 
Port Lonis, in o*der 1c ^blaiii oorresponding tided and tna^ntioal 
ohBorTaT.TijiiR on the 9\rict aite> of tha^e mtu\A by Row | 1B42^ during 
hJH Autiiiolio Toyago in n.M.S. Erchiu and T^^rror. Th« LiJal 
obsorvittione vroru of aomo intn^diatu intcruEst^ ac infotnuktion hod 
TOjiTbiid iTin Admiralty through the Coloriial Offico tbut tbo JilntiA 
ftnthorilim vrere imprcnwl with tho bi-licf of a gradonl elevation 
oftboicroup boing now in aoticu: thoeo tidal obaervationa, how- 
over^ indicated that thi? nienn MKi-levrl was in exact aocoidanoowi 
thai df^fomiiimd hy Eohb thirty- tbr*it* ypiira pTevfonsly (May 
&Tptcmh«r, 16l2ji and duly recorded by bim on a pcnnnocat 



I 




AnHc EjFp*ditw)t. 



olCTli 




tuUet Tho ULD)^eticol obMrvutio&v, ju in the llm^ of Jtow* »1 
that grejit nM'ulur dutigm t«till exitil: t1it>«iiftt«rly diwliiifttioB 
Y^rinilOA of lUo oompft^ iUcn««i£i||; »t tlio nto of S'3 luinnUfl, ftiid' 

Ih* incliDivlion, ot dip of tho tioodl«, d«on)MJQ^ ^i tho nU of 

Oft t&u 10lk of Fulrraurj. IJ10 Chidlm^o' vrrivod at HlhiIv ViJco« 
Ittoi wbMKO •lio nilod ft fow dAy» afterwordi to ciiiarlUo vcotidiul 
camnAe nfawrratloEiA Mmna to TrUcfin d'Aoimfaa. W'v hnvtt m.hm- 
^arBa\Xy lioird of btrr niTinU at AHOiiDuon aut] tli<t C^hpe dfi V< 
iflUbila ; tko Btjp miLy now bo lUiJy cJipoQtc^ to urivo in England 
W b« p&Ecl otr at Shcvmera, 

Svnmary. — The d^aunda of <»aaiDorcoft&d iii; n^pid cipaueLoxit 
'Wraa in uulook4Nj<fur r^f^cns. h^ve b««n met b/ inor^ejMl &vtm^ 
lu tLu H^drogmpliic dejjartmeuta uf luuHi UarJUmu S(a(tH, uid thfl 
intorclkAn^ of u&uticjiL inforinatlr^ii by tli« nkodiiirii cf brief publtfbvd 
notiMi hua now bacTomo guuiiral. Tho tnituJationof, the ro-oditio^, 
fihftrtln^, ^uid inauinj; tbU dHk]y-r«vviv«d u^w mutter fu lht» nstiiU 
form of Kotictm to MiLTinois re<iiiirM miromittiiig uttentiou and 
"WcH flkillod labour to utiliso in tho intorcata of Britinh nhip^injc, 

Fiv« TvlTumwor tiA^ling Dirnutfon*, embraciug tho North 80a, 
Went Onat of Su^Tond. Wcfll ludir*, and WoBleru Afi ica Lave bocEii 
IWMd »nd imbliahod dtmu^ tho >-oar : m ftl*o a SapplomoDt to 
tbft ' Chim S«« DiT^otorv/ conl&ioiug vuiliiig diroctiou for Malaoc* 
SCra!t, oompiW ftod published. 

tilths ObftTtbranoK T2ac^ohnrtJtKftvobeenpiib1iahc(I, WTolviog 
tlM CAoocUiTig of 50 ehoots ; while 175,4)00 chortfl havo bouii printed 
ifortiw gonOTuI public end for the use of thu Hojal Natjt. 



Ajscnc Rcaio^f^ — tiiooe myrouMTke at tlioopcni&gof t^o prueent 
Sotaion liulu ha* oocurnjd r^ktiv*- to i>ur Anjiic Expedition which 
it )M Dtt-tumiry hew l*> roiSjriL TLn J/rrf Azjd iWictTrry w^i-jj lud 
ABCn by BtuxrpMO cy«a oa tho 17th of July laet* tfLcu thvy did' 
Ayip«arod from the view uf tho apuotaton cm bi>&rd tho Fdt^row it] 
Waigat Stmt, n«ir l>j*ittfi- Mirny of y*m ImTo dfMi)dle«« reud tha 
intorrviting a«Viiuiii uf Llitr hist day» of tWi Eipt'ililu'n in Ddiiinli 
OrecnUnd« wrlltj>Ei by out Seoretbry, Jdr. Uorkhftm, ivhich haj» 
ainoG appv'irod in tho ftnt pnrt of our ' Prooeedingn ' for tho ^'iiBdioii. 
it ia well known, aXay. tbal. Uter leltere wt-m roonirad, thr<iugh 
^0 igvu^y of CapUiu Alton Vouugn Bnuoauciii); Ihc wolj-beiog of 



m S 



olxviit 



Sir H. C. RAm.ixftos'/ Atidrt$s. 



thB<iffiont&iiii«r«^ np at tlie 57t}i of Jnly. W« haTctiow only t9 
IjDoy fiTir««]v«i Tviili X\\e hopo thtit ratoumUoncwuortLo Eipc^i* 
tioa tflftj oriivc in the anlviiiii, on th* roturu of Captain Alku 
IfCM g in ibo f fffui<iprt, who ba< baw oommiMJcncd b^tho Adiuirriliy 
ill, (^Tiring hU Enimnrra Amlin iTriin?. tlio ihIuitJa at lliD 
ice to Sniilli i^ound. in tie hope of findint: li>tl<n* dcpowtcd 
tUoro in llio aprinf* by Bl*vlpo j>urtn« Mivt down by Captain ^arett. 
Th(\ Pfip/fna Wvea EcK^"^^^ ^'^ ^^^° cimntn of n fi>w day*, atkl we 
aluUJ oil W on ihe ti^^too of cxpcctftljuu fui the uowa akio 
bring on facr Totnni, 




"WllJj regard lo ether Artlm utidf itukin^B, T b»YO only to roeord 
Utat Uie SwT^tdieb vo^ago 1<* the moutba of ibe Yt'ui«ci und th« Obi 
Uft nniTner bavinfi- prt^ved suoocFuru], Pro^»'>r KordendEtcjld 1< 
|FTe[wriiig for aTi*>tliw oniiw thiK wimni^r to \\iv »tnke rcgMfn*. Ho 
is to 1mv& G<riK«nbiTT^ in a etannior on the lOtb of July. Simnl' 
tuiocraslywiihhu Kxp^ition webmrUiM i^v«rtil Huseifta «t«ain«r8 
will mftkti ibe revcTK© vopge, ttut ta from the Y#ni»<?i M St. Petwt*- 
Imrg. pfiii Ibe Eura Strtw KurLli fien, und tbo Bolilo. 

ICKLAXlk — Tbo journry oJ Mr. W, L. Wat1« ooe^b* tbo Vntrta 
Jj^kullt amj Iho publioaCiou ri CAptAin Iturton'^ ' L'Ltuna TbuEo, cr 
ft Summar in [culnJid,' prn nvonU this y<r.nx in tli« googmpbicut 
And toiHjgmpliicft] biotury cf Ibin imrLhoni iflbrnd. wbidU it i« 
tjuo<w8ary h«™ to xooid, Tho ntiooc'SHl'ul pikB£Uf^ of tbo t'^cviouply 
untroddoQ Tfttna ico-mouTitiuii in tbo aou1fa-«Jibtom pvt of the 
MlJind wBJi, in ibu worilw uf die vutcnin Amtio truveJlar 0r, Eiwj, 
Ono of tli(- mo«t durioi;; .iouruuyu tbat jt wns puaaiVlQ io iiCCcanpli«li< 
ll bad bi-on aitoDiptod tbv prcWoua Hammer (t»74) by Mr. Walti 
AnJ h puity uf 'young I'lnglmbrnf^rL. but tlia etc^aiiTe t^iitd dTid the 
dndly Buovr-driftfl drove Ixvck ibo vKpedilitm- To tbo stiminrr of 
187& bo tncd again, nocompuntcd by n number of Itnrdy JoolAndorv, 
•ad fnicoeeded this time in gi^ltini^ ncrose to ibo conbom aido. 
AbboTigb by tbiafeut Mr, Wtilbi ?uldt.-d bntlitLln lo cnr gmgn})bicii] 
knowledge, biB in*o»ti^fttion uf tbo iiijptirfcctly known volcanic 
rt^gicn on the nnvthom aide <.i the V»tnii «nflbUd him to roctify lo 
A Goniiid«Trible oxl«nt printing maps, eipcHnlty witli rognrd to tbo 
conrie of tbo JoknUlk^ T]ia g-^ological LibflOrvutionH ^erd inorft 
homoroiu and iuportunt ■ BooorJing to him tbo Vatnn JijknlJ u a 
njABi of ioo Knd tmcvf. Ti^Mng itpim » n^vl c^f vol^.^nfiuM, und riling 
t4j tt beigkt c<f ut^&rl/ TCCV feot. Ca|»tmu IJurtoa'a two huudMiiuo 



4 



I UuixUmiiuo ^^ 



Ifiritmt — Buma . 



clxix 



voliUMfl fvioa El oomplcte naono^npli of thia intoroAtitit; uiUad ; tLu 
wiU-knowa enoyclLipwiia tuntoft tad 4oquirftin»Dt< of tbo autbor 
vntUbf kira, in ncliHtlon to tb» nan-ative of lii* Jcinm^y. to bring 

fVodiB0t«« And inlimbitiintd gf ioelatid, vrbiob ho huit arrangod aiid 
daauitfd in k roonner conrcnJaat for ptiqvwM of n<<^N»n(^ct. 




£B«Ma, — In iko crjnrK crf tho paat yoar ci^ht imporUnt Kspftdi* 
tiona, nnd^r tli« adhiuom of t1k« Kuii«ian G^cgnpUoal Sociotjr, 
IwrD boDEi ijfulttrtahviiH coTitlnnril, i^r tini^ii^cEiC ti> n rainclaKinn- 

Thi> idoa oT Um fimt of tbotio, iiumoE}', liint charged with oarry^ 
£h)^ n >«rl«b of I^lv^Ih nc-ruM BiboHa, wiu vngiuitwl in 1872, wtieii 
U(0 acadcntKMii, \U J> Wilil, nubmillvd Lia prupos«l U> thv juint 
MwtiODB of Jdathcuuttico] and L'lLjaicvkl C«oo)^iLpbj for tho cquip- 
mfmt of an AX|>e(litio]i I'ur Uiu purpuH;, Hu hud m x*iew thu im<' 
poitaAco of d(^lo^lui^]Q^ lU« absUuto l^jgbu cf a fan jicaLLiona in 
tha nor^em part uf tbe ooatinont of An&, ao aa to oorn»t. with 
loma degroe oT uarlaiot^v tb« ban>iiaetrioal tn«afturomciit« for alti- 
tudca in difTvitTiit paiti of SiUiiin aiiil vh« noigbtjouHikg coiintfioa. 
AlArtM^^. tbc propouL laci with conaidcrAblc fdvonr and ^yinpatbj^ 
In both afrotiovLA, and in tb^« oounoil uf tbo tiodiuty itwii, iii» fi&l£l' 
tnpnl W(M d«fi?irrAl fnr WAot of the neo^marr TiiikdA. t'pvm tljo 
tcmunation of the AinJi^C^SaapiibQ IcTeliJag-oporAtLoun. howovcr^ tho 
fjastmmviiea employed on tliat oooBaion bm»uoD avaibkblo fur c>tlior 
pnrpose(i« and a ai^ttoianl torn of money having b«cii aocauaiLUt«d 
allwr i>f UiM <<ariyi[i^ of <:*na line of Jv^vta (ui a diituico of 
miJcti u far an Irkuuk^ it itaa dctc^r rained to proceed witlk tbe 
trovk and top^Kio itundor thcoout.rol cif CoIutmI Tillo, wbo«o aurvi^y 
of thi.^ [Tflt l^rt b«f.wei^n thi* Aral And OtHpUn Sofui wilh notir^ 
iu tbe la<l ATtnual Addica*, Tbo wliolo dtMutico vtaj divided ibto 
Etc BooiionB, to oaob of irbicli n acparalc Horroyor wao jusai^'uodi 
tbvvoTk being oommanood trimuhauaoualy at nvcnl poinia. By 
llt« end of laat year a diatanca of about 1T0 ruilea to Irknl^b 
nnAniAhed* and ihifk will probably bo completed in the 
tbie BLtmoaer, wbon tho rcHultd wiU bo publidbed, 

Tha aeoond Expedition, that to ihn 0\ftintk. tn wTikh ftttrnfion 
baa boon oallod io the AddriiMca of fomiev occAsioiiB« ha^ now, 
in iu third year, boon broa^ht to a conclnflicm. ChvkunoUiiky, 
-wbo bad prerionaly Huoc^otfnUy af^conkplibhed two soi^milii; Ei- 
]>edillo>TW to tlu> Inwpr l,nna and tJio fawFnu on tbe Olonok, 
liaa now aapplomcntcd thcac by farther Toaoorohcci. Loaving 



^%a. 



Sr H, C BAWLinra^j AdAwm. 




■MUMfattM bf atdy «cw «MiatMil,ivtBram^ io th^t ^Im* Uu ia 

ifapMl wiada wfaiek Hrk«l «In raaniMr cT 1BT6 fin Uvw n^iovL 
ABiMiJBM Io vini Ok* p«a Bdv&tfm teftd^ Ow wflorM kA 
IkftLflHAt Akkh (l7BU*ibol0vBiilMB)ud era»gl by Uad l« 
fhm Old— k, ftadnHag lu onns to lu tmbovcLKnt in iIm NortlMra 
OMMf «li*r« ilMj ATTivtti tm tfac 2«llt ^ AngvuL TW ertmM 
IMt «f t^Mr jtmnmf wu C»pe Kr«c(offik^ (Cap do U CraxX 
wtWiCB IImtj ittrmd hcnMvraffdft. n«titr&iii£ to Ifat)«B tbey wera 
oWipid to wkit far Unc frcvxiiic of ^« riTcrs and tlic rolntn of 1]t« 
iahftUtuto to tWr vinter ijunumr Th« gmt fiotcini, icludlt 
ikuf tfcopoogblf diMnined. appnua l<i b» wwflaltoHy diffcreol fhMB 
tl«t «tf Win toiJ 8ili«riA. FftToartd bj m mild 001111101 nnj a wum 
UVftMlvn^ rvnQtotion ww in fdj v^emr «a i^to ha tb« Srd tt&iL 
#r«a 1^ IMli of Sofitombvr, and «lihf'Ugb cilrl w-^iAtWr o«t in sooft 
fl/tenrmrdo,llwvtM]tcif lonj(dQrAtiDn,&Qili]Ti lijG2i>tUcf doplMobsr, 
b 71* 91/ y. Int. tbey r«niAik«'d iaMcU, belonging w Ihifr order 
Jftmrfftfm, flyinfr ttboTrt. 

O Jo«niftl kopt darinic hia jgumty from Yitkultk t» Ibo mo«lh of 
iMOlvnok ; Lokidti* « ptilnxibkilr^gioihl co!Jcctii>n, coiupriMi»g IfJOO 
ii^trivKiCji, ftil ciTwUloh U-lotifc ta tb« ttocondiity gnrjl'tgieftj opocb; 
jsa bvrbkrinin ounlalnivK upnardfl uf 300Q pLuitu - 4nd nn cutomo* 
bgic») aJtoolaon numbering iipwonJn of 7(^(10 inticctA 

Tho Ami Ihtin, K<r*dilinB U tho tliird of thono aUndod to^ nn4> 
doting tho mnnw nf tho ytinT Mu»iies, Unrbut ilu Uumy, SmimolV 
iod SiTCrtpr'ir liuTc jHinK'tudly communir.<it1«r]. at mntrngs of ihv 
Bvidaian Ocr>}^r9LfdifoolSooioty,tho priiK^ipul ivflnilu t>r Ihiijr obsom^- 
Itoiu, nnlipwi rif whioh bavo npjivftrvd in thu lji:'i>^^pUicnl Moga- 
xinoo oL btmiv ond ou llio cvutln^nt, Tbe litoroturo of tbia Mib- 
Joot ^uui oliio roooived nn intporinnt addiibn in Hsjor II?<rbi:rt 
Wfiu<l'» wr>rk, inoutiontv] hi urotb^r part, vf Lhts Addrtiuf, - Tb» 
Hburoo uf I<nkn And.' It uuljr jveoiuhs tu ttty a fow wurdn 
Cfi tLo siittotologloftl obnorvoUf^nfl vfbidi bovo been otcndilj 
40ntftitt*d tlnoe Ibo ^InbUfthEnont. by M. Dorandr^ of tkn obs«r- 
volcf^' ul NikkuM oml li HtiiiiiiliiiTy jitutiaii ni J*«tic>-A]oiaDdral%lr« 
At t«tb uf tl](Hti> bi>ariy cibvcnrntLouB Uav« been made dunnflE n jrcnr 
(from Oo1o1h>v 1N74 10 OoUiber L&75) nn Ibo tcmporfttnm, dooutr, 
Ihnd bnmidityof tbo oir, dinx^tifln u^l force of Iho wind, GJoiida» 
diflUlMUtia vf tUfl BMgiivli tplar bcot, mctwuitcocDU of iLo tDteniil. 



Ausian Erjdirrtttiutu. 



:llri 



T^tioo. Dofftiidt furthor aiioortainod tbc r«lii4ivo (xwitiOEfl of tbo 
foJlwving p^iuwH : KnzjiUnik, Nukuji« rotm-Alojconilroiffiikt Cbtmbfti, 

Irgbut bcMdos m^kinK IG7 <>bMrv(itiori0 f'lr lioio, ll> for Ihiitadc, 

Ill Fcbitutiy JBTj. u mwu^ ub tLu ice uii 1L« AfuuMLiiiih vaa 
■uSoictitly Kirong to buu, AocureM burvcys w<]r« niAi^c of liio nvott 
«ttd tltd v«Iocit]F oriUciUTeatwKi dfrtorini&od- Tfacvo ubmrvutioiu 
we fLirlbBT vilified in Julj^ nf ^bo i&nio yaur by \h» Ami llnlilltk. 

ThoczU'Viao dryii«ivt <Lf tbu ^taoiplujro in ILcm rofcioii« Hunn£ 
Itefoaanwr moatlio ofibrdtKi on Adimmblc cpporiuuity fur tNitiDg 

wQ^Ao wiUk tho }i«ychromi>l« of Anjpwle, ftud UteM ftjcuiu umapucd 
with liic hydivmcUn of SftUMini> And UtmaDd. in Uik w«j • 
fovadutioa kiut boon lni<l for the atuily of tha phj^othl g«ogr«pliy df 
-OcxLlfftl A«tA» whidi QiAy hor4«fuii- pnnluc* iniporULnt rewuh*. 

Hr. 31ilditlihc- AUkUy'ji tnvcL^ in Uio Mal'iyAD li^on, undor 
tk« annpii.'VBL K>i tbo .St. iVtc^^Uirg ^uuiety. Iuvi> b«eil OOBtinneiL 
II9 |i8Ktfu] nfAily thft whr>1n of lual y^nr on ibn pniiinMiilci of MnUcvn 
dctr the v><»P<^>*c of pTirrsniTi^ bin «lJuiologicik] ttudio*, wtiicb pmniiflo 
to b* iatvrcaliiif;- 

Asother of ilifitifii <int^r]iriM("i U tbn K^pp^itlon to iIjo Ket and 

PotUo Worka, Tiaitod IjiAt rammor Iho WBtor-oomiau&ictttioiui of 
Vwtttm Sibftm, witli tUo vSi^w of iiHiL^rljitDiiig (bo firucUohbiLity of 
I ■uniting the gnMt. rivtr-etybtriUA *A Ibo Obi attd YeulflMij. Ilo iound 
^■ih&t tlio Eot, AA iiufKiTtnnt tribuUiy of tho Obi, oUbrod tbo Kroa(aat 
^Bfl^tka W tb» M^complUhmtfTit of thii iiiiLlorUki&g: wbiU hJA ocl- 
^fjiqpu. M. Iiu|JBUii. explored tlio guult/^- of UiolAuuurUivChuLm. 
' -vliaro It; fouiLil itu& ca^ His imotfclioa furtW t^ttiltod in tho ^iit* 
«OTory of animaJ and TAgoteble fbMil-d&poBiti ill «overul pLooo* on. 

Aii ijQ(iortAEtt ii)q> Ju Ui« oxplotntioa of the unknown tcnitorj: 

Cvnti^L Ana hov boc^ muJu b}- tbo iiiUdULr l!l£podiE]Oii. Tko 

F, Gomiiuukdvd by Nf. Mayi^f, au acx^rnplUheH Athrkologint And 

tbioiiuit iLnd iuai*t«d by a nUlf cf tiiunt^d obflorvei'a, a dipio* 

^Kont, and on teoort vi' L'OHM^ckit, ot'l out frutu Jvnnsbi [tbo 

bmuncr nvidi^iioo <>f T.be Kh^n of Itoklinri^j, nuJ CooL the r>ad t> 

Bafaan, jdUMtn^ the Ghukcl^ voUuj', and tlio ^*>v^e fikuiouA iiikdor 

4he DAinr^ of tbo ''iToai Gato/^ aitti&tod not fav from Du-baud. 



duii 



Sir H. C Rawlihsok'* Addtt$K 



Ttiia pUc« had not beou Ge«v by Eiiropeui tnv^llers 
Hon Ru7 OoiLu1«s i^e OlHTijo'H vtmlttvj to ihii CVnrt of Tiuncr- 
lane. Thoy viAitci^ the Imm of TlifiemT, in tho liighUud va]i«5 ot 
tbe SurkliAii and yikia^iUtd,* in lliikt of iLt KdtiTTii f iu»^tx>1h right 
tribntaHMof th« Oxru; ll^noe tbej piorE^ed tolheTftlli^or thm 
Surkluib. one of the fotir cLicf coxitTibiitiiricB of thd L'ppcr Ons, 
tlio M>iir4v^ of which W(ve (iisoo^crtnl by Ftsdohonku 1<r bo in Cfao 
AUt Mrii] >i tAina, vIjcto tt is knowTk under iht* dattio of thA Ki^l«tT 
(lacouing ih*: banie as Snikb«Ab, i,t. red njjtcr). IIcEe thoy wtiiu 
ennbltii lo verify tho ibfonuBtiou oolloded by tVdclienko, wftifoli 
pMiiv«« to be v«rj accunkte. Iliey prooo»il«d up lh« Itut-mimed 
rivfir, through a luuTow gorge, in which thr jMitli follows *lc>ng^ 
duigorotu predpiccB, and cttivwd tL« Sufkh^b bj Ihu famouK 
Pal'i Sacgiii (the Stone Itnclgo}^ It stjcniM bo ntoTitionod tliat 
Iho rivf^ IB hnra known ui th^i \\'abhKh'Ah (ii furm vhich hut 
heea oftvn t:uin|raJT;il vriih the Grtck Oxub), nllLnjugh furlhrr north 
H bonr^ tho iiuDaoi>f burkh-abp It iH«xtr«iuoly ici bo rv^;r«ti<«d tbftt 
the iUnonB of s«ven] t*f tbo party, owing to tho unhiMiUhitioiBt 
of tht.* cIjeuiiId, prvTHnted Ihvm fium h.dvaDtu}^. lui th«y hw] 
iQtoTjdfid, t<> Iho point of cocflncncc of the Wftkhsh and Uio I'adj, 
in OTdor to fix it odtrunoEoicaJly, and obliged them to Tetum to 
Shahttr^fibE, wbidi ihvy ttut^hed on the IMh of Jtjti^. )Lrt«r having 
■pent forty daya in tiATcrAiDg the teriitorio» cf Hi^^r vid Kul-aK 
Tho tnapa of thi^i Kip<Mlilicjii will bo of gre^t i»ti>ro»t> 

In tho fEitmmo went of the grt^t devcrt of Centnd Aria an- 
Otlivr t^jwililluc, or^iiisvd by tho Cducubus veoLioii cf tlie HuaHi&ii 
Gnopmyihicol Society, hna csplftrod and itmppcd tho T«mainin|r 
nnifurvuycd |iortion of tfao Unboa, or old bed of tho Oxiu, bQtwoon 
Bft1a-I§lteTi anil Lak^ ^«ra-k]unt«h. Fruta th«ir rejurt it np|i«Lrv 
that tho nrcrbcd in vrdl markod thioiighoTit its course 1>«twtei> 
hanks 140 ft^ol high, with a Btony bottom, «tioniHt«d in plaooi witli 
vilt, fti^d heie And thfitv otjvort^d with veg^tatinii rhteliy ixiOtfisiinf^ 
ofnftauh The chaQDcl pinsentft no Miiooa ob»taoloa to tho uuin- 
terrnpted flow of a rivor. Tho pr^sonoo of this ICasaian recon- 
noitring OetachmeDt. Ih naid to have eTen4»tei) (4o benefioial un effoot 
on tho ccimlry. that four caraTADa of mei^^haudiao wii rt> diMpr^tdiHl 
from Erosnovodak to KIuta (oighteon duya' niaroh), on evenl 
wfaloh haa not mwumsd for ton or fifteen y^ars. 



I 



* I'bu nait not ht coixfouDilcd villi tbe ont^litl cf BenJ^kiliAE, to Uic fonth of 




RuMii$ — Fmdia. 



rlxxiii 



^^Ux he 



The ratiim of A!r. 8(M^1Clf^^ki, tXnmAy vra\] kiiovm am a Otsntral 
wm UrnvvUci, frooL Cliioa. cumiilelca our lisf. Ilitt oxpfditacoi^ 
vfts nAdortokoD by ord«r» of tho Gcvonuuont with tbo ol 
of 0|icning new outlAtii for tho Riihiaq tndc wiilk Aniw u y^ftW 
*8 fur obtttJiiiii)^ pnMiahu iufunudtiuu un ibu iudurrectiuoi of Um- 
l>aiig&aA, ftnd tlio nw:iarDca &t tbv dia^iOMl <>f' ibo Chini 
Govenuoont tn n^proa tbom. Tbo party, ixm>t<tiug of MM. S<w* 
iidfoki ujil MAtiiHoftki. I>r. PioKsibikj, M. \Unant\ty. ittiil a CbiiiBr 
akin lonf rM&d«&t At ElukliTfttAiid roproMBliDi; o&o of tbo i3riiici|i»l 
.tfri houKca of that placv, f>r«o<icdcd vitt KiftkbtA to Fokin ; thcnoo 
^U> Kunliuir^ vrhore thej hrrivM in IMtobrr 187^^ I^rjiving thin 
tbey asomclvd ibu IFaii-kiau^, vrMub waLem U]« proviuuos vf 
''Hn-peli ftnd (jfaon-ci, and is cftiily n^vi^blo for etcatarr*. Tboy 
amtiaofid tlioir joumc^y to tho Ritadan fro[itf«r tii th^ Altiti, 
panaiig through naa^chtuix^fti, tlatai (ELuaul). BojIcqI, aod 
Qaidten (Kiiabu&)^& dist&acc of &boQt S0(K> milcft, ^ which 8Q0 
««F« Moompliahad by vat«r. Thay iAva undo & nuinbcf of obnr- 
vatJocu; bruugbt Ijuuk <nilluntLi:jn» <if plftutn htiil ftnliiiikl<i| bowdaA*] 
aptwitnopg of Cbinuao«rt and intluBUy; and Ukcn pkotocntpha 
tbi wtou« typea <tf iiihab(tADt« Aud thB bujldixiga ujid inc-niuit«iitM. 
1^ LHrmiiig wuvm pramUoa >» tw nun nf cnumiAl i&r.ur»t to 
EBoAaiau ^iji^raphora in ru^^Tird toAn:tic oiitarpnec- lit co-i^ppriLUoit 
vith NortlciinkKjld'a oicpodiUt* alj^««dy oifrntinnoii, it i* nimourod 
that fouT KtAamerH wiU \ea\c TobolAlc im huTumii, nod ikw-ond tho. 
lOb to the Sat of Kuia , and that t% aciciiili£u expodiiiuu wilt pi 
Owttukd to i\*> iinU of Ubi. Wiiat tJjo rc«ub» of thciio L>nforpriu« 
ittfty bo it ii iuipuviible tL> fcrcti^ll. But thin, at all ovent*^ wu kuuw 
ir certaia* iLal MutetB, riuscb aud Drvhiu. iluJ Cuuut Wttldbiii|^ 
of the Hicmeii Polar Verfiny Uavo NlArt<:{L for ^Vontom Sit 
, ihoiiilcntioD firit of pxpbnng tbo Altoi MouiLtuinJi, in 
ndgbboorbiXHl cf 8eTiii|]HlttlmKk. mid thenar, tiuvuliing DorthwurdH 
to tbo coTifilry ^^"^ ^^^ itioutb of tbo Olr, by tho high ro&d ihrou^ 
lt4nk*oal and Eolivati* fining tho Uppor Ubi at Tomi-k. 

Two niTW i^i|niilituiHJi Ut MuiigiiHu nv flpok'^ti uf ; itml hU- Imli*- 
^^fdlignblo travpliot, IVojoTftUky is on tho point tif sUitiog fuv Lolr 
^^por, whL4ic»> h« iDAy pC'MjhLy try And p«atjti-at4t tu LhiiHM. 

^^» IVOtA, — Tran^'Himaittr/an Sitrvfjft. — Thr r«*nt. puhlioitioii of Cap- 
^^fe»iia H. Trotler'e Itoport oa tho Ti&na-IIimiJajna ExplofbtiooB by 
^^^mplorfie of tbo Grottt Trigonoaiotpical Survey of Jiidi^ during tbo 
ycMV tS?^-'^, hft» boon a gnvxt giua to Geogmphy. ccntftining oj it 



^: 






-«]xxiv 



<taeA nn noccunt of tbroo \vty itaportant ji^omfty* porfonnftl tlirou|;]i 
ttnkDown, or rttry liULo kuonn, porlioua of Centml Ak^ Tbo 
route c»f Colonel MonTjcomciac'it luvild^r, to wbioh 1 Ka^o • pro- 
minent flaw m my KovrukbtrAddreii*. )\a» TiowliH<*npTihliflhrri ''in 
cxboiulo," on tbo flir-t Menmir uf ibis burira. uiO ftill^' juertifioe tli« 
^xpeoUticiu that woro formed of il. T1m> hovildai'd «xplonttion, 
itide«4, of tho norttmru bend of tbe Okus, was laot «rrc.gtod, it now 
Appoint ibt KiluU Khumli. tliv chpilAl '^f WrHL"rii IhtTKAz. u had 
beoa ptt»vbiiBlf nUtcd; but be miccccdcd in pcDotntting CO uiilcH 
f^irUiM^ up tba river 10 the vilU^ ufYaz-tibokia,on the imioediate 
frontier of 8hign AH, thiijt loAving nn iiiti^rvnl rifonIjnnri)ay'«maroU 
botwocn Kia tiurvoy from the treot, Ktid thnt of Abdul tiLibhan fcora 
th«Mst, Hi8 obMrvfttioD id«<t of llie ti>xv<rr ouurKu of the Wakbah 
or Suihbih, and hii detnmiiiiallon of tfi*} ppiitiionjt of KnUb nnd 
BiOjawin to tho iioi th. and of Kurgbiiu-rcpptij and Kobitdidii to tho 
aontU, Are of (Ic utmoat vulito to a true midorDtiiodJn^ of thia iiitcT- 
oKtltig region, nnd c^ntidfi Jiim to tho thfUiki of nW Gpogtsphctv. 
CnpUin IVoiter, 1 laity &dd. bju ittili^od eOI thn new mnffTLA] ibnl 
Jiftb boon thus obtuDcil in a map reoeiitly pulluhcd, which for tlao 
tirNt tiin<^ exlubitn m » oorroot f«rui the natural fofthirsi of Iho 
narrow bftll of cmmtry nriw nlune inti>rveoiog bef^woon tha Riuoiuiin 
ftontiur aX Kfjh&ad luid the Afghan fi^juiior en the Okub. 

Tho MouLtih'tf juurccy, wHoh is debunb«d in Cttptaic Trotter's 
B(Hnnd Pftjhor, ia also of mach mine in sitpplomontin^ out prcviotuily 
tuxoty knowled}^ of i\ia upper purtiuo of iho fStuLiJ^I VikUoj. A lino 
of nmte to MKich X drew particular ntUiilioD ten years a|;o aa the 
nfitiiTA] ^igh Tond of RomTueroe between India and Qentnd Ana. 
HU ilnnnnptifiTi of tbn Hm.igbil Tuwi. whi<ih wub Smt hronghl tci uur 
uotlco by Bl'~ AmitL, aud L&i biren eirii.^ \iaitr^d by CapUtn Bid- 
dvlph, U of OApc^ciftl interest in HJioirjnj; thnt whcicUd curringea oan 
orcKH witliotit diflimilty ftoiii t\m bnitm of tbci Oxnii into a valley 
ieiidtDg to thv CdlIiuI River* and iLkiuLal^ly to tb<£ ItiduM. 80 fhftt the 
pM»B of the lIindi!L ki^ cii'c no Longer of any account in oonAidor- 
ing the afpronchci to India from ihu north. i 

(Vpttiii Trult^Tj'B third Mtjmoiis wlildi de^criW ihv loiito or«r 
«nlircly new i^rotiud. in Thibet, of the fumoTia Tundit. now intro- 
duood to ua for tbo tiiat tiind nndcT }ub true name of Nsin Singh, t« 
'Cf iudj pt*inilUr intei*i»*t tbat I pnfjKiw* to gJTe a n-^wmi! i»f tho 
joumey, 08 it Appcnin in the intrudaction to the IViiu^-Rimlayan 
JtepoTt. 

"LoaviTig L^U in the diflgnTae cf a Lflma or llttddbiat priest, 



I 

* 

1 




T)>poffraphUai Svrv<yrM'-'X<a^ ittlli. 



Tiitt SIngfa waa iiuocciihfulty «mu;^lcd aoront Ui« fcuulivr, und huc- 
osoded i» niAkinx i^ifl "^i^y 't-uut Noh lo LIaAa^ b/ ttu eDlitv^y ii«w 
routo -kvbich rmenc^ lu l);« uortJi ^f LUoaft on tho l^ri Kvx 
or X&muho Ijiko, tlio wTooOtffu) oxplof&cion cf which hy ojootlMT' 
Pnadit in 1>i72 hint been nMeally d««crib«^L From IMm ilin 
Fuodit rfrtumcd to lodU by a wiLtli%rl>- rcprkte^ ri;Jli>wiu^ Sot a few 
DUlet Cbo JJmlitiUfJilUn, in a hilhorto uncorvojod pcirti<Jti ot iU< 
4)gvffMu 4t » diHiano« uf nliunt 40 rriik^j* «ui oif Lli^^. By lakLi 
Imtringr to jicakii^ bvyoml wlikh ll^<i )c:^eat rivov wan nid to ftow, 
lio ncoDodod ia fixinjc iU coun» npprgxiiaatoly foi tLnotbfir lOOi 
EQilM to Uio euu llo tr«vi-rtod Ibo Tbibctui duiiiul of jAwabg^i 
«i>decngrgiid in Drltihli territory At i~tiiHl^un tn ttm T>,triiin£ Diatriut 
^ AttUn, Euriiis lELAdo a very caruful routc'twivcy ov«r Almoirt 
4Uktirri^ uew f;round to i^ dUtadoe oF more tli&ii l^fW milas. £x- 
fdlant MiroTinmirjJ <ibM*TTAtCiin« worn mai]^ At vnrtAnii jwlntd 
(hroilgtiottl hin JQutnoY' lukd UiO qnulil/ ijf tlio w^irk iiu prvvi>l 
iU«lf tir^i-nitc, Tho difEcTunco ia lon^itudo botwoc^n i JnUa «ud 
Odilffori (who«« poaitkon has bo»iL fix«d by the Indian SurrDj). 
Ining littln ini>i'c iIlul one dfr^tiue. ma iiuxt oiuklilvd to ubtjuu a new 
vftloe of Ui«)t>]igiiudrfQt'LUaaap which cu^ht 1o BupciwduaU fonnct. 
^t9rminatkfn« dcrix'ed from routes, all ot vvhiob iio lor coitauUrahW 
4luUin<»w in nenrly th^ sAme bklituila TTypBomnrrlrAl obKc^TiitlUnm 
Ib^ OftlatdaUoQ of height above Lhc hOL-lcid weic tnk^n Ou'DugUout 
lat roate, wbicli loatermUyiticicaaocitbev&laoot'tliviicwJy'obtiiiiioil 
IfeogmpbtcAJ tnfonnfttioQ-" 

^^HMtiii Bfld^lkty and l.ieutonaiit Woa<.UhoTp«, find the oth«T' 

^^^Httaintn uf No. d T(ipcgm|:ihiuii1 I'^rty, hivu boon for rlto UkL 

tMO MMOluf of 1373-74 4nd 1874-70, do ini: czodI<Jut vrork. Th« 

^ciurAn r>r iho LttUL/ir hn./t boon hurvoytrd, and that t^trwia provod 

to dmin into tho Tiftwiuli iniBtcad of tlio lirahnufintra ba«in, ut 

titherto tmppuwd, und ft lui'grs cutout of cuuiilry, bufgro quito 

'D, hJut Wn nilod mfo tbo mup of iho ujjrth-cuvC froiitior. 

ttmry Jfi;6, tbe pa^'y. with the policicnl a^ont, CnptEUU 

Huloombtf. w^H trciiubntmHly altuukt^d ifud crghtyiiuft hhii ntiut* 

«ftared by tho Napts uf Ninii, Uut cffioor being tbo fLrHt to lo 

oQt down. ('ii-|ttaJa BadfcLoy had a unoit muTow o9Cfi|Xs bcrtof^ 

MBrenly wonnclrd : ftirtuT] nicely \m gi.tt to hit* mvolvrr in timOi and 

t)nu suvtxl Ijiaiifc* II« co] Ifxtml the rviuiinbts gf tbu party t'l^^Dtbor, 

«&d by hilt OKAmplo und ooura^ lo<l tJiom aaltiJy unt vf tho hilU, 





cLcxvi 



Bit H. (X Rawi-ixson'* Addresi. 



ti\t^^cmgit TTrpvnt'^ll.v fttTjLcl:i!d im ihn Ihio of muTCb by tlic NAfc^a,. 
who wcTo irrcatly cxcitc4 And tiuiihoil with Uto tnc^oiMi of their 
attack, l>nt who garfi up thi* jroivnit wirli kn*. On tht more 
wpirtflm flfrift Cnptaiii BiitUr, 1hi polili™J ngcnt of iLo Ni^u HtUa, 
with rir>ritf:uiuit Woodthorpc, Kud aimiUr diffictxUio« to oncoantcr. 
Thoy ivoro fttUekt»d At \V<>ktm Ut* uno ovotikg; fort tmatel j tiifr 
»nit)'i<>8 wirrn wf»ll on thn ulart, and tho noigUbouriirg villtgv w»» 
iimtuutly tiUeii nnd burnt. The oflidul rpjx>rU giTiug Iho flit* 
<omptut?il htL-vv nut j*l I»pmi ft«iil in ; Imt it i» in topogmphy 
and tnAngaUtio^ vciry {^ondilonthln. Mr. Ogle? Mmp1«Tt*'d a 1»rg»' 
|Kirticin nf Mutiipiir tnrritur^'. wid cunnei'ltJ (lie triaii^uhitioUr 
■fthicli hnJ bevn cf^Tni^ <-*«? for 80 niilon in tlio *cfti<ni of 1^72-13 
by Mnjor Gi^lwiTi-ATirftwi from fSumaj^itin^ t'.» MnnipnP, with th» 
Givht Ti'jgini'HiU'Uk^il flm^cj' w)iuH nt TudmrH Its most caatcm 
titaiti Tbifl ^nut a tnOHt hihoriona piece of wca-k, and kept him 
nnd hill purCy in thtf lield imtll ilii^ (rt^imeiKHmk^nl of th^ raiim, ^ 
uioBt trying tUnv for such work. 

During tho Uiit ticid rcowm, 137^-TG, tho oporations vera agftin 
tok^n Ttp in tho Nn^ liili!;. near Kokha, A]*ELin 1b« pnTty, ahorlly 
»JVv *tjirJirig for their gmunfi, wero attiirlE"(l on Th*> Hne of murrh 
hy the Nag**, And Ihfct gnllnnt ofllc>er, OapU^n Butler, jtccivcd & 
■pear' wound, from Vp-bicb ho dit*d on iho 7tb t-f JonnnTy lawt, H» 
took • aoftlcmH inlCTMr in t}ie wort of f'lcploration, ftfid hinl^e will 
bci Hvveraly fi^lt by tho Surrey DeportinomT, whcwn o[>nnttioni bo bud 
forwarded to tbt* wry bout of his ubiiity^ By ^vory one viho 
kniyvr him in AaeaTu bin loea i« mnoh depli^retL Li«nt&&Ant Wood- 
iborp^ hju bnnn ^'onllnnln^ thi^ vork. but bAs h^fin impedricl nut it 
littlo by tho unfriendly foding eomo of the cUn* diapUy. 

lu tho >»gii Hillj* flonili of tJibtjftgir eomo eiocilli^l ti>po;:faphio«l 
vroTk ban bwn tnnied oot by Captnin SamaellH, of tho RrT«iiu» 
gniTrey, wW wauj ncunuiuniod dmitiR tbu fiulJ latOfiDn cf 1873-74- 
by Cftl>tAiu H"tti*>nil'<i, fl« politiofd officer, ftiid l^-hoB(> nnfortuniitd 
dontb i bnvo montiuQcd abo^v^ 



I 



Tkt JKfla ExptdUicn,-~The EipeditioE on the NortVEairt iVontior 
during thn mntar of ld74-5, to T«1mbo captivoe lakon by thm 
Ihiflni, uff'jrdod an ojrp^rlunity cf pxploriag und wupping a Imrgo 
area of country lrtjfi>rt} uuvjMtud ujd uuknui^'U. Tho cbu^i^ of UiO 
t^urvoy oporatioQi waa giion to Major H. H. Godwin-Auiit^inB 
nfl^iftod by Ijiutttennnt I^. J. Hurmnn, it,i:„ ncd McGt^TB, M. J. O^Id, 
und W. Eobvit. A grf«t nttiiibor uf pouk* hod in prcvunui Ncnbuiw 



IbUIW ^^ 



Dajia ErpciSiHim. 



Dlxxvii 



^ 



fiw^ bj- Mr, \V, B^verltj," v^liiUi prorod of grtttl ow, Tho 
ooQDtTy ii on« tioiiM foi<«t \m xh^ annuuitd «f aU Uio niCig««, itp to 
9500 r«0t, &iid the* oinlj method of ranltng a roliablo mnji wiu to 

iko ccantry ooiUd ho ovodu<fk(id ; it vru, tbfff«furo, fouud v{m'j' 
Jittl« «xtru UWur to c«rry <iti a Ti-gal&r ir^titttia of tiian^Utiuc nt 
■iKotauue tiiuo wUU Uji* tupugrapby. 'niifttrliuigiiUijim tnucurud 
fnna a txvo oT tUo G. T. St^rlca vil Hict Bmliuiuptatni, neurDwuiri 
Mukh, up to cfiir farihcrit pciiut 42 milttt diHtftUt, wharo from two 
ftUtiuiiH nt bbuul 7000 tcai a Iiiw pununifiia of tie ftiiuwy tiwgi> u'Ud 
■gbtaiDod, AUctvtuuif for 320 mika fnnxL U19 euowy pwkB E, G, uu<l 
U, borth cf Tu^par, id a diroction c.Sj.ii tow^rdj^ th« ];cri:]j;kt bond of 
Ihe BruLotJiputrLL. M&uy p<ilIck upun ri<igu bounilmg the g>^*t 
villvy of tL<j Sulfltuwri. ur Lupru Eiuiiu of P*Attvm«'ei nuip, wora 
rod, and tKo ruu of tt4 ooiii'Mi wiUun the hills laid down. Tho 
LtT^ I0 tLo Qorlh Uuri» n-oj msou to be much more upeu, iho 
iilllm grftM/ Willi |At4:httf ^.if funut ah in iha iiorrlieru ^tuita t^jf 
BboUo* The toUil arem cuvcjcd hy triAngnkliou wiu ahoxtt 
2500 «qTiar() mi]c«; «x poalu wore cleared, And nine vUtionA ot- 
jierved from, th*»mo«t nnrlh**™ pe»fc(fi»«d Ijing near Ut, J*i° LVh 
Tiw totftl aicA of topogi«ph> was ftboat l^i''0 aquue mUn, of 
vbioh d^O wofi eoupktod cb tho ooiJo of 3 imies = 1 inoh, tbo 
remainder on 4 miloa ^ 1 inoh : tht« Area o'>rDpHjw0 the whole 
dninAgo of Uie DiktftDg, IJiii'iiil, athI Kau^ rivers. 

lliu vri^rk (Mitikilcd a good dcikl of hard dimkipg ftnd cxpoiiuro, 
4k« in Jazjuur^ ihu <;cj|d vras sevcrd oji rangtiit uf 7U0U to 8000 f««t ; 
And k gdud dtia] uf Miuv fvll to JimuAry, when on TiirApfilA Pcnli, 

lich W04 f^It ta\K>\2 Vt/ meJ> of iho natirc ?slftbliiihiucDt« the 
int of 4ilollii&g thoy uuuld curry on thu ExpiKliliuti tieiiig very 
limtlnj. I'mgreu wam much impeded by th^ incAiKiLnt raiu during 
January* The DuiUa having vady in r<;b[iuu}' givou iipall ooroBp* 
turcd BUbjootA, thoOovcrjiuioulof l&dJu dctornunvd to withdraw the 
whole of ihe C:ireo &t or^ce, and tlntA a grftod oppoi'tnnity va« loAt 
<if pODetmtiDg to (he higher nuig<ra tuvorlookiug the Suhniuiii. uii 
vndoitakuig Uiou not bq very difficult to havo oatriod out^ af(ur ho 
large ■ force hnd erttOTcd tho country, and with uH flnpplioA nMk^ly 
lu hand : it will he iniiny many yenrs before ho futourabZe un oppor- 
Ituity ocours again* 

An ooooiut of thd Qoology of the Dufla Hilla, ty the offioor in 



* Tbea fai fllifttg« ot lh« Aaua »ile« of tho GtoaI XrigonomoUlttt fionej. 



ebucvJii 



SirH- C- RAWI.IWSOSf'* AdJrtja. 



oh&rgd of t}ii> SurT«y l^tj-, hu Wen pubtixhed in the ' Jcmrnflt 
of the Asfatio Society of Btrii^ftl fi^r 187V 



iVinct Ot^ffn^htrttl Wtfriit nflrtiitiff lo jOi'd,— ^So luunj rtvvr iMokit 
of voyages and Iru^eln tTiUliii^ Lo ABiutic cuiifilric-H linvti \xvu 
TtfMmtly pabliaJK^d in Kcj^lnnd, IciliTyinK to tho ini^rnn^'cd lUiil 
eTor*iiiun^}Mtug interMt whiuJi in 1uk«n by tli« public m the»t^ 
ifnbjecta, Ibai my Ad<lrY*j* *m tliw jirogiMn of G^trgrjipby ivciuld 
Ijo inccmplote if I did not briofly alltidc to tbom. 

Firstly, th«ii, 1 would draw attenikm to the UundBomo qunrto 
prislnl by ths Indijin Ofivnrnmjmr, wbl^b couiains All th* r^olftt 
TVpOrtfl'on flfiientkfio MtVjc^U nnbmitlcd by fbe [iiriijben< of 6^r 
l>0D{;lEta l^ontyth'H i^luttion to K^ltgur. Colonel G<'rdoa and J>r. 
BdUew, w'ho w^TA attAr^htfu) to ihA MIaIoh, Tmve nUo furrit^li^I 
dtscrjptiY9 natratiirM of ihc jwuiii*y. whicli YCry agreeably aupple- 
mrnt the mon> HorioTi'i Tolnruo. 

Mr, Mftrkbnm'K "ThilHit/ although primarily dnvolM lo the 
niUTulivu< of Iha littl<vkiiown jf>urufljii «f Bugle und Mntiniiijf to 
Tc«Ilu-LuiuI>o, utid Lliun. oontuint» a ta&I umuiiut of i]ifornitttdo&» 
Ccdlwoled from olb«r Houroo«t ]'i>y;hriling tlin i>«po^apby of tho TrsTiii- 
Tlimjikyan plud^u. Thin iiifnriiknticm, ini](!4^i in w) roniplKto nm] 
wrU iUTiui]^d an fur aa it ^rea, iLat it la all titu moic to bo t^* 
gT«t(Dd tlio roport of lh(i f^monii I'undit, dotoribing hia important 
ttnxta from Lhiwji dinct iir Akkhizi. from wliich the identJly of fbo 
Tunpu Jtivat -nitb t]i'> DiftLiiiuputra hu licen all but dcmoiiblni- 
tiv^lj proved, did not ojrrivo in timo to bo inoorporaMd in Hr. 
Unikhrim*B d]^¥t of antboriri^A. 

Atiulher AnUtJo w^^ik ivIljuIl poMOB^CH Duuob iaterent for G«o- 
gtaplifrrs flt tli« pruf^nt time in Dr. ADdcmon'^ DATmtivd of tfao 
two Iflto oxpoditionc arKVH tho Burmeso frontier iiitoChiDA, Tho 
bivih. tvhiuh ia oulilled * Maudalay tf> Moi^iein/ iroi»iueuceh with 
Slodt^ii's TOAich !□ 1868, and oontiniica the nocoont of Colonel 
Hortwo Urownc'e procHiediuga uji to the dale of Murf-ary'a miirdtvr, 
iu rfibnury, J87S^ A xeity important Bnppkmont tn ihis work !s 
tHippliuil iy ©ui own " Proceedings ' on tbo Hth of FobnwnF l4«t, 
wbun Mi. Margory'e Journal from HAnkow to Sbu-t;h'iao, atrttady 
nnbliflbcd in CbinAibAving beon T^nd lo the Meeting, Dt. And^eon, 
frcim privalo It-tteia fiiroifhtd by the ill-fttted travelUir's ffunily, 
VioA ahlo to oontiuuc iho narmtivu of bis mnroh Ujr>ugh TaH-fii and 
Mui&oiti] cmd atriomt tu th«^ fi'onlicr to Bbnnio. On a VaI^t ocoAaJoni 
it nmy bUo W remf^mberc^d, a rnpcr^ by Mr. Ney EIias, vom read to 



tho SouiMj^, wMdi minuttlir JoBcribrJ a new tract <.>( conctry to tbo 
umtii of AI;ijor ^Udnit* rout<>, throufib wlucL an cvicr and iDOtu 
direct roiul lei from I^Lamo to MohibId. Il Is to W lioped tbat 
dnribg llie invoaii^tioti into tL« MMiwyiw ontrago of ]cb»t jcat, 
wluoh Ur. QroiYcnor i* luidenrtood ta bo now cdidaotitit; upon tiio 
ipot wbortt it oooim^d, «ooU3on ma/ bo TodhJ to compleU* our 
k&owledgo of tlie Gvogtap^iy of tliia uioat kUimtiu^ jci^Wu, 
lhrooj{li which hv timM pact a very HoumhioK tmdo woi «amed 
OD b^jiweon Indift ftod €liiu^ und vbioli miy be ^xpoebc^i iu the 
fuiJirv A^ln to becomes liighwtt;r of ooo)ta«rc«, 

Attong oih^r rvcoot works upon iho Enai^ of vhich ItiC Gc<^ 
gnphicol voliM h>A bf)Qa olrvftdy brought l«fur« tbU Society by 
antlci|>Ation, I vwM ticitw, flxetly, Mftjur n«iU<tt \Vo™r* Tolmoe 
«0 iho Aralo-Ca^pinn hwo, wbiob, in lU Kicotitii? portion, j« a 
incrc ftinplificattoD of tbo ndmimbto M«rEi.nr piibliihod m oiir own 
' Jounukl:* uid, MOOVuUyt Ool 0)1*^1 Bnlcur'x < CloitJi in t-b>> Eut/ 
whi^re iW aiithtii'V Imvclfl iilong Iho laroly-viMtod Tifircomau 
frontier of IVjuq, to which I drew atteuUon in mv lut ycav'n 
Addioo^ are do««Tib«4l with much vigour bud cbanioH of dotaiL.. 
Bat by fnr ihe mofit imporlATii of aII nirb pifblirAtinnn \h Mr D. 
UoTfCUi*fl UAn«lAtii:iii of Coloiiol ricjnvAlnkrii tratvU Jti Mou^olift, 
vhidi. hiLving hod tho good Ijiititiu to W nnaotated thrcoijcbont by 
Coloti&l Yv1o» wbo9e »cniioe» we 1iavo, happily, (liji yoftr noonrad 
Sar our (^unoil. will bvncaifmrvraril bi- our «tniidiLrd authori^ for 
tho (Ico^^raphy of tho fUBtcm particii of OuntTftt Asia. 



Ni:w Gritivici, — Tha pAnt year hiui Iwnn mmarhablo for th«f 
diaplayed m Now Qiiui«o oxplorutiTju — no icwcr lliait 
tftonv Evening Meetia^ tbis Se««ic:rii luivmg b^en occupied 
liy tho tnvliDg uml diiiRciiuEioTi of Papnni mlniirLg to reoent d£^ 
ooroiiiM iu tlin bmtth-ojifttcru p»rt of tliia gnut i^knd. Somo of 
Iho iaoivw&i>il tkCtJvjty is, uo doTibt^ » robiiU of thv promioiiig^ 
fiold of HtploratTOTi iipjiiivl np ihfl yciir prevmns by tho oottat- 
mrreyd of Captain Monnbj. iu tim Bcmiiisk. an acoount of whidi 
iTAB S^TOD iu Doy last yoitr'« Addrou ; bat Ujo prtuoip&l difloovericiv 
hnvo btton dtiQ to tho ability und oatcrprb^ <if the Rev. S. Mao- 
farWi-, iif iho Lnuduii Mimiouajy SucJoty, w}ui, in thi> M>fLroh 
for fiow atAtioDtf fur tho Now Cqi&ca Miviioii nttabllohed by 
tho tisocioty boforo tho vciy^^ of tho Bemiitky hju vucoccdcd 
u\ ^tivimhy^ with the atMiiiei- J?Z£fni/ouon two of tlie Iftrg^ 
riroiv wbldi dobc/ache oa tho scuthom Doa»t. The Etst of tliMt^ 



«h 



uc 



Sb H. C, Hawijk«o»'« 



f^]oTatii>a«» in order of timc^, wn4 the juccfitof tlic Mai Kfuna, 
■OT Baxter Riv^r, tLe moarh of whioh Um bchiuJ tho »fnaU ifJ/uid 
of Boign, find ni**iTly o[i|rf*j(rt l.]ie Ckjw York jiromurktoiy cf Am- 
tralla. T^fr. Macfarl>Lnc nUti^H tliAl liti nxiejvbd iiLfuitiuilECfU o( tlo 
cxintunoo of a naviprtblo river in fhifl direction, tVom ih* itnl,iv<ti 
of PoJgii; hut I WS'.'V(? ttic* cTflxlit of tiiiit tli*(M>voring Ihfi rivoT 
in duft to LiciitciiATit E. K. Connor. B.W-, wIjo suinvjed AiH j»rt of 
Torrwi ^tmitn, on bohnJf of llio QueiTn&lAnd Gcvcmmrnt. in 1873 ; 
f[>r I lind Oil <:<ii« of Iuh chnrt«. publiAhGd at LridbanD in Uia uudo 
ye*ir, till* iiicrtilli of itio river v^ry vlenily mjtikr>il iiu«I*r tb^ name 
of "Mai CasaAt." Mr. MadHrlane nec^Qdcd tho ntreftnL to n di«- 
tanco c>f ^0 luiUjf, but found th&t ouly tho lower counc fov a 
i^iEtATHM uf ftO mile* Win* niivigB-bJc by his *tnfl,mGr, W*> ftre hi- 
d^btod for ctn AC<on&t of ihla &>t euccefleful attempt to Anoniid a 
N«w tinint^A Tiverfo ouryonng A»»<Hjiate» Mr, Ootaviiut Stone, trho, 
Vieing nt Capo York nt the time Mr, Macfarlatie wm pwpftring 
for Lie vuynge, auoepted tbc iiiTitutiou of ihc lutter gentloniAn Co 
Oocomp&Dy Iho £xpoditic?ii. It is inlvrceting to find, fntm thn 
dofloHptionfi giv«n both by Mr. Ston« and Mr. M^ofarlAnOk that 
thft ramtry Jmjmjvf*(l in Bjijuyirttiiuo, mul in tho vnrioty and 
beauty of its vi>gf?tAhla Jind Animal prvductionN tbo faribcr they 
ponotratod into tho interior; tho trftot of land through whioh 
thft lowPT and bnmder part of Ihn rivw raoandered holng lave! 
and mcnotonouA in it4 aapeoL Siinikr ub[icj-vjttion« wr.re mmto 
on tho next rivM-'Voya^ of Mr. Moofarlnno, natoolj, that np 
tho f^roat riVG^r oaXM tho Fly, a littU farther eaaiwanl. Thd 
KIIfflj7fitiMT?> aKo*md«d thi* ntrvam iii DMwmber Inj^t to admliimt\i>f 
lirO n;itofl, ai>ch(rrirjg at tho liimJn^'point in 17 futboma of ^vater, 
wilhont rooobm^ iho nndnlntinj; or hilly coi: itry of tJio intorior. 
Tt wi>i)ld flpitin, iborufom, that tho wholo of the ronat-lond in thu 
part of Now Quiuea partake of tlio nature of a Delta formation, 
coiLiiibtiiif; of I'load lovol tracts traTarecd for soorofl of mites by salt 
<ir bTflcliiHh water orotic*, into vbioh, far in tho iat^rJor, iha Hror* 
propnr iliHahnrgc IbviuBcrlvoap On Ida atcenl vC thu Fly Ko'Or, 
Mr, MacfarlaTio bad mi prvfiEf!n^cr Signor D'Albortin, tbc cz- 
p«.riQncod Italian Nnturuli^t. whoB^ oliaervutiong, rvtid at our lait 
lining Meeting) on fbo cuiiiilryi ibo Tiativi^ trilT**«. and the auimaJ 
prvdui^tionft, KTf? Tno«>t intcieeting and voliiablo. Bondee uddicig to 
onr knewlodge of thcec? Hubjecta, Signor D' Albert!* haa rondorod 
good Bpr^ice in fimilly diKi^ming <»r ihn fahlnd *^jiietenc© of targe 

qiudiupud« and lird> iu this part of Now Guinc*— the ruuioiuvd 



I 





Nov Gttiwa- 



obcxxi 



COlotift] blrJ, of wbloh eoifjo ncTcniLts were |MibIlHh«>d n r»w i»oiitb» 
afo, hiraing out !<> Ix^h horiibill of ordinary «»ri; itrd tV LiiMUi 
of ft euppoood I'hinnccTOH prorinj;; to bo thoto of tho Nov: CSi)iiu»' 
OUM>vary. Tiio bunkn L'f tt« lowvc port of tbu Fly Biv«r — m llio 
liMtltig-pirlli^H of tb^ nnrT^ying vhlpH Fiy anil RtfJ/«mAhi bnd 
'Ibund. to tlicir diMtppointrnQnt, ihirtjr yo^n ago — aro (hiokly 
inhftlntwl by oativti tribc^H of a tncHt wiu'liko and caungoou* 
■liiqKwitiun. Air. ?L[iirfttrlaiit^ lw\ grisit dtdli^ulty m Eivindiiig a 
sabgninary oiicoimlvr witU tlirwi: daring ftiTiigi«^ but bu appuars, 
by n judioioTtA display of forco whon uoi:jiod, and by poaoofol' 
xiTcrrtiin^i on other rK*i?tiKi(mii. lo baw ni liut gamod their good* 
wilL h ifl drjubtfiil if tbo bmiloll a«Ulid'fd by Mr. MiiutarlaiiO 
bo rciUly tliat of tbn principal stream diacluirgiiig into Ihr Delta 
i^htnTiH" of thia pHH of New Guiii^; ita ooiirat lay much too far 
lo tli0 wtat for tbu i^f^^ilL tIvlt whiob te «Ltp(j(j«ixl to dcacuud fzwm 
tli9 i&tctior in trhj« direction, the ocrurao of wiuoh is rooro Jikcly Ut- 
ba from tb*> iii:*rth-wrfci. 

Wbilfll; Mr. Maufailano woa cai|j]omig tbo Fly BivoT, Mr. Stono 
had tioptig^ at Cap& Ycrk tlif] tvfo pr&olioal Natntabsta left Uioro 
J»y thrt MaHoay Eiptdition, ntid ptMcocdod to Pott Morodby, mu<:K 
fanbnr to tb^ I'a^Jt, with tb« iiitRiiticm of cniminp tho KnAtirm 
J^itiD;ulB of Now Gtitnoa. H« did not tnoottd in bis nmin objoot^ 
for wa»t of iii4An« of tracaport, wliieh, ho roports, must bo eilb* 
Timor ponim or Sotith ^^uu TnlandL^r:!. lliv iiiLtivtv proved ita*^ 
wUlimc to aat oa Cdriiuni. althuugb tb^y offered uo obaladu to his 
penotiutiag by Jand HOiac '20 Tai\<^ iuto tba intorior, In tlug piU't 
of KowGmnoa tho gnal mountain -range of iho inttrior npproooho* 
withm u rmiiK'nit^.- diBluuou of tli^'Cuttbl: aud Mt, 6taLi?'a tvrvjity 
miW inaroh brought him to th« lower bUIa whii^b Ho at tlio foot 
of Houut Owen Stanley, aa far ut at pivnt'iit known, fho bightiat 
peak of tbw nuig^ Mr, Btouo fi.mnd t]if> intwlor mm-b Tuora 
Iiu^iantly woodi:d and moro fortilo than tho coantconiitry, and 
tha hiU-trib«i of nativo^ dilfvtvnt iu diapoaiUoii and munncip from 
thu maritime tribt*. I ntxnl not paTticuLii'iiMj fartliyr tho iiifunua* 
tico bo ^Toi, ioaaOLUob aa it will all in dnu timfl bo in tho hand« of 
^H tfaa FcliJowa with tho iioxt voIutuo of th^ Sooi«ty'« ^ JottniaL' Tho 
^K «Opioaa di^faiia ivifb which wu hu-vti Iny^a fiinxJAh^Ml by Mr. .'Sterne 
^B vt^ardiug iho cmintnr aod nativ^^ of the Port Moicaby i^jou, 
^B tddod to Uioac of t^igiior D'Albci-tle, tccpGCtio^ Yulo l&l&nd nnd 
^K ll)« Fly Hivm\ form h largo ajidilion to onr VTiowl&lgo of thi* 
^^EliilheiloalmuatuaeKplored bind. Tliey Hiipplt^iicat, to an impurlaut 
^H TOI.. XLVI. It 



I 



dxxiii £ar II. C. Rawlixsos'j AdJjxM, 

ilqcne, tlio TfelnftUe record of ion diffoorcoiM which C«plun Uomliv 
ban laWly giipeii to Uio vrcvld in hk vxirk do 'Koir Guinea Aui 

A««ii ftdd^xidiUD totlu«bncf ftcooimtof NovGaioMt vxplormliOii, 
I nty raUim hmn to nwtilicai * now work that hw reoontly 
app«ateil, which fntkUtlun ^ ninfiC vnln^VIe tatA rtlUUe nocoimt of 
many of tho iilitDilf of Lbe Western Pacific *)^9 of wltli^ wipt« 
tho Ti^itcd and d«ecnbod in (VpUm Morcabya book allQLied to 
above, I &i«^n, the * JonmaLs of ConiinaloTv Good4aic>iigh, daring 
tila lajit CoMiTnatid on the Anilmlian StatiMi.' 1 hav* aln^dj, in 
IhgObiitiuy, gireu a biinf notice cTtho Wt crnisce of thu giflvd 
■sd nrodi'M^ectod iiavat oouunuu'ler, 

AtJKiitii.u.— OtLrCoEmdl.aBjou arci already aware^haarawar^Ji^ 
with <j&e of ihi* Kcyul ?Ll«iJtLlH i>f t);(i yoari the itkill and pervo'craDOO 
of BIr- J&hn Fon-cBt, whom sncccaiful jonmey was fiTl1)r nanntcd 
In the 'PrucL'eElinj^ ^ of our Irt^t Sos&iuu. 1 Lilto now to moond' 
that another traveller hna aucowded in traversing tJie great dwert 
of Wottt Ccintrib! Aiiittralia ; thus mating tho third trho haa ii«ooiii- 
pUfchpil thin rxtn-'LfUngly difQcuU Uuik. The ttnveller :<i whom I 
ftUndo itt Mr. Ernmt GHc*, who muj almcet be aaU to ho tlw 
pImiiMT io this latent and mejit ardticiiis Hold of AQBtmliaTi cxplo- 
IftCion, ha having pr«tM.*d<^l Ixith Colonel Warhimon and Forrect in 
thcMf attoR[pt>b9pvD«trate the gteat unkaowure^'ionlyin^lwtWMn 
tho lini? of dverland tekgmph and the Bliori's of Wwtem Anatialia, 
On thut fii^t Eapedition, in ISI'2^ ho reftched a puitil 300 miles to 
tbe weat of the tologmph line; ami in n subseiiTKmt attempt, along 
nearly tho kliqd paralloi, he encc*«ilod m advanciiit,^ Juuhlo timt 
diatanct. bol wns then forced to retnm by tho duath of hie compftnion 
and lh»iT»viodb!odtfl!cmlliesofth*^poiintry. His th^rdrindcTtuhiuK* 
nnioh trt lie k<iuUi of thv piv\k'}in juurneja, ha« httn mi»ri> suooeUBful, 
FiirtLiahod wilh camolfl and a ooTtiplote oquipmont by the lihoralify 
of tho Hon- T. Kldnr, !b^i Hame constatit frk-rid uf Auatralinu 
oxplorailon whu fittnl otit ibo Expi^dition of Warhurton. h« Loft 
BeltiLiia, ft fclation to the oiet of L^ku Torrene. on the Olh of Kay. 
1875. and i&ioIhhI Forth on the IBth of November of tho tsmt 
yoai. Tho liiifr of mareh throngh nearly tho wtolo of the uucxjilorod 
diirti'iet lay alon^ lh» thirtioth |iai'uTle! of aoitth lalltiiilu. fli^rt^foro 
about 2<0 milcm ooulh ef Forroet*& route, and 430 miles nouth of 
thai of Waiburton. The region traveraed. thoiigli lying in a inor« 
tonpctnle btllndf^, and at no great dutance from the fioatbem 



I 



< 





Australia — AijrfA Atntrif^. 



dnxHE 



fthoroB of the i^TitiD^Tit. ^rn^^'wl JTiKt u dtootatti anil wut^irleu n* ihu 
liftcsof c>>mit;y txftTvr»ed 1);^ tht^ two oUjflrtrarcUen just mciitiDiied* 
Mr. Gilo*, in mmming up tbii T^ultH of hw joumo}-, Htoton that 
thrangtioiTt tha 3500 inilm he tnvelM no Btmim at <yiTiuliy mvmiU 
ttblo for evitletnuijt ivltu found. TLf.- );unenil uWv^Ler of ihv 
csonntiy vnn thut of % nU^hlly uniialntEnfc doMtt, oUlhcd^ liovroTcr, 
for hTindrt^it of miloi aX a klr^tch with a ncrnb of low tn>M ftud 
littHtrtm* cliiudy ln<lc>iLijiTi^ to lliti X'*ijrftiirru«fir c»ri]i.<ri wbiali graws 
90 dOD«cly UiAt it wnji ort«n iQiponniilo to ^t a tiow of tbo aur- 
TOQiidmg country. At rare iatorvnln, rcvlc hclcfi conUinm^ a 
tDodfmta mppljr of WAtor vff^w funml ; Imt iii thi^ oj^nlrnt pnrt of 
tbe journey tbe iatoTTal botiroon thoso TOMiroira whs no low tkftu 
32( milea, And in many poiiit ohcunn of dnodnp ult-lokoB added to 
tba d«0o]AtIoii of theiioeTi« uvA the diffintilUesof the mtroh. With- 
out cftiovla flucb a jourrip^y would \mro boon uo doal>t iuipoMiDo. 

A j^UTDoy of «□ i^rcat im ovtont, throuf^K a coobtrftfo bcuron and 

(liOoQlf, ooTi]i1 havo boen carried out cnlj by an oiplorcr of groat 

O0ai>^ anil d^'ItrminrtlifTTi, and Full of re«otiT«eA. Mr. flHefl li«a 

Aown bimAelf to bo an able Inador, nnd hofl w«|] a*niod tlid anoctoa 

wbatjh will ftlooo hitn in th« eamo (latogory of Aiutrftliun trovolkm 

to wliltjh bftlnng Shtrt, Fyn?, StrjftTt, 1 Vnrbiutou , and Forrest, H« 

ap|M*Ta to hrvTo been woH pecond«l by bia sub^i'diujitoji, Mr. Jea 

Yovzfig iind Mr. Ti^tkoiw, Ibo fomior of wfcoui hu0 bwn xiKrenlly 

ftmongKt Hit. ThUKxpcdition. confinniTig in iU rAAnltn tho9ft of 

Fomet lutd Warburlon. ivill |>iubaMj' iK3t at roat tto qiiujitioD of the 

Cftpabilily for Bottleioont of the interior of Woetom AnBtrjiIi^i, aiid 

^^ clOM tboora of Aualralitkn Kxploration on the Urge aeale, allli<>iigb 

^■-nmob yet rvuittJiifl to b« dci^o in completing fLo examioiiUon of 

^Bdlftbicte int«JTCninK bolw«on tbo rontea of the groator Expcditio&a^ 

^B »irTir AnEEtioi. — Umitd S(^Us». — Tmport&Tit mMitiona to our 
^"Qeogni[>hicalknovrledg;«of the Wertern Torritoncaof tbo Auieric&u 
Union bav^> boon o^iu mud^ Ibb y&u by tbo G^oTogit^al and 
Goof^ifiliical Survey parliOK, jmder tbe euc-r^lEr. xriju'rinlflnpUiTioo 
of ProfoBflor F. V. Ilaydtm. Among tbo many be(uitifullj-ejn,:ut^ 
lOtlpt imifid by thia Doportracnt havo boon onoof the Scnrooa of 
tho Snftko RiT«p, iDoluding xh& Yollow«toiie Nafional Park, on a 
acnlo of ono inch fo 5 Ttiib?Hj riiiii another, ombracing |H>Ttio(i» of the 
tanA upd Wyondng Territories, wbioh pree^nt striking eftectji In 
GiTto^i^phy — theone from u Klciltixl uae of ooatouT'lincH to roprescnt 
mcqualitic* of Burfuce, and olhei^ from tLu brown tintiog of tbe 

71 i 



I Bcnii; 




cliixxiT 



Sir H, C R.\WU37aoBl'« AJdrert. 



P 



]ii]1< pHnM from cti&lk dr&wingfi. Some of 1b«so maps hn\Q 
iwned in two fcirmv, ononf tlirm wlimrti3gWflogicftily, Four sheets 
nf An AUm of Uolomdo have aho apj^ctucd dnting tho ycfrr, 
ral>lio Attention in Ebj^lfind hna ktcly boon diawn to these regione, 
Mpecin-llj tl^o YolIowbtoDe. by th<> pnhHcAtion of t1i« iftt^nwting; 
vfork by hvid Dudiuxom, ojillod " Tlie Gr<!Ht PJvide,' a iinnnUT^ 
travol* in tho Upper Vcllowdtonc. 

Tho Amuiint of lopognphictil nnd f^v-jlogicikl work &(^oom' 
j^lifthed l>y PiiifpFwrir TI»yili?nV Di^jiHrtmrnt U 'jolte ehiiulI Uy tl»t 
dF Any pfovkiLi year, althcugh the hvohm of C3[p]0ntion woro 
inTioh rtirllicr rumovoi) from fhi« Lmso of tfiipplies, 2i,^00 Si^nvo 
miW having liWin mirviiypd in tlin thT(w ilUniotA Irlfl wHnh tho 
^ork ii^ divitlcal. Tho results of thiA aurrey Iiato bcE'D i»ned i 
tho alinpo of biillvtinti, a^ a luoro prompt moditim i:rf pnblio&tioa 
nnil a voIiimi;i of .'no pngeSn with m^ny plAtes and iniLpa, hns boon 
coniplutud, in ^vhitU thv physioal gtcgmphy, geolcigj-, zoology 
(oxtinut and ^xibtiDi^), und cLhiii^ljgy t*f tho dUtriot ore diooTisacd; 
nomo 2iX\ pn^A of a HL^oond volume having aUo <joiiio to Land^ Six 
''niiMwlUtiHiiiH priMicjiklioiia " havu ulj«i bn-n iwsncul, rumpiining 
\'a1ujildu in utiwroZ osteal obflcrvat[on»t IJ^ttt of cWationv, A* SyDcpus 
of iho Flora,' Jra. (including on oxhaiistivo ^ork of 80U f Ag«n on 
tho ' Omithclugy uf the Kegii^n dr^ttiei! by thu SliHiiaifn and TtB 
tnbulan^w 'J. Th^ wo'ndoriVd e^doct vtft*jbiata uif Iho crel^owus 
fvrnuitiona of tho Wofit nro dcscribod by rrofociHor Cop<*, in a 4 
vdIiiom of 300 pagoH, wilh 57 plates, »Uo latitcd by thii> Sun'fty. 

Munli lualurhil nf intereut, boUj att re^rds TopogrnjiUy nnd 
FhypicAl GoograpUy, h !-» be founi) in Mr, G. C. Kroudhcad'H nrcjrJlly 
raoftived ' EepoH of th« Heologieal Survey of th-:? State of Miiwonri/ 
piiblEnhed in 1674, and DIuKlrat^ bymBnyplafea and a iM|i#niU 
utiM. 

Tho Topographioal Deparrment of tho l^nitod Sbitoa, under 
Geuenl ITiimpljr^ys And Tiiunt^nant ^Vhealt^^, of lh« Ejiginrar 
fnxpii. h*H also performed gooil work during the piLwt year. It hM 
iainjcd the Erel (liijht fihcot^ of a Topo^^rftphichl Atla*, proj^ctod to 
ilhiatTnte Geogrflfihioal Exjilorations and Surveys wwi of tho l*}00i 
raoridion of IfingUiido : iLe uiu|>fa being cm a et-alo nf fi milen to th© 
inok. A uTwful ttpjxnidix to thia in an laidex Map ehowiDg ths 
routn* of Kjiploritiff Kipoditions and tho aroft^ thut havo boon eur- 
%^i?yod vTtiJut uf iho M ihflisiiipp]. Wlien thin Atlafl U eoropleted it 
vrjll fuima luuHt valiiaUoAddiiioc to the calligraphy ofthv WeMtom 
tiT4to« and Tcmtorioa. Wo hear that tlio work of Triatigulaticm of 



1 



1 




i 



Hit Umud StAtfj- 



clssi^ 



tb0 NdrtiMTD ftbd NOTtk-W«at«m Itko* U dow b«iAj? cttfrad on 
tindw ih« ^irttaikm <tt Brlgadior-G^aftraJ C K ComAtock, It htw 
bcgn olnMdj corrivd round the tM>ui\i «iiii] of lAko Mioliigui, 

1 day akontion djui, «• a work iniJiapaiUMblo to tho G«i£npiLor 
and ficaUal, tlie n«Vp- Sutiitticnl Allan of tbo t'niW SlAtot, which wo 
bava noeotly nweiviKl fium Aiuuricm- It in lui ifxhiiuvLivu work hy 
Ftt^Omor Wulkor, ^uporiTitcu'lont of ihtt llth CcnmiB of iho :4tat«ii, 
lYintAiiitn^ a vtitt iii:iw of aocunto inftjnuiitioTi U1lJ(^r thei Vioadii of 
njymi.-«l Ft^tCtuiifH: rrtpiilnliuu : t^xriji] ruul Iiii]iiHtji4l SlutiHiii:^ hiiiI 
Vital tSt«tj>ticdt. StJiiv lUJV^ aulI <iiujf(aiii* iUiii*tiihto iho imporUnt 
Raport^and fumifili clvurviowBof tlio Kivor SjiUmuiofibooonnlry; 
ihst arotJi iif ivixhIWjcI ; ttm rtmtribitliuii (.if ruin, temparature, hIoi mn. 
And m> forth, lx»ido» tho uuora paivl/ voclilI ijliouomoim, «uoJi ab 
Un Dainity of t'cpulation acd ibi nktgratLoit dunag t]i« pnoont 
oantvty. 

Wo Wrn fiijui rjiir Iloaorai? Con««|XJudLD); Menilvr, Profcaeijr 
J. U. Whitney, JStato CjooloRist for California, tkat the work of thii 
imporUDl Survey, which lian yielded In pant yt^ra hii[>]i valiinbla 
TBaali^ in Geography aa well aa Gctolj^, Es atmiieiidt'd* unO thnr: Ija 
dvnbta if it will ho revumed. Of tho four nhoota of tho Ccnii'al 
Califomiu Map (wmlo 6 milM to aa inGb)« twonra tinitthud and tha 
inprr'gr^iu; hiiTnomor^GecilnglcAt TklApii wfl] h« itoined, «ud 
•louc* r^om which thoj woro printed will piohftblylw dtvlmyud* 
VrtAmoT Whitnoy hao hrou^ht out « now tsdition of hiH 'Guido 
Bodr to the Voa«iniL« Vallijj/ in whioli a good maoy ohang«« uud 
«dditi(?iifi 1iMv« Wen iniuk oiid a ni^w mup m^ortnL Mr- "WhitiL^y 
hai alto pi:hlijibrd an intorcatiDg historical oi«ay on 'Uco^^phLroli 
and Gaolo^oal ^urvoya' (Cumbrid^i 1S76), and Bonio valuabJ 
OOntrihnt^citK to haromftirJc hypunmetfy. 

Mr. W- n. llallV d^tvnuinadone of heighta ou tlio noilL-wesL 

!ooaft, in connootiun with tho Uo«st jjurvoy; tbo militaiy rnirvcy 
uf tho |tliu)k BiUb of Dskkota and WyorjLing, nnder (>i]L>Del Dudfjo; 
and rrofcwor Tbumjuun'tf explomtiun of tlio Colorado Itivern ijud^f 
tbo direction of tint SmilheuiLUiit luBlitiition, aL» dceorvc notim, 
Tho loail iiwtl>*>ritivfl uf tlie StAl<* of \bw York havo publiuLud 
two worku of geographii!k1 iiiterojtt ; one an 1h<} boimdurf^ of tho 
BtAto. ll^o othor(with many maps) on tho Topographioil SuiT«jr 
af tlio AdiToniJikck AViMtrruoi«. l^ho tCi|JO>{ruptiy and pbyuoul 
TOtonroM of thid Suie h^v^ niso boen nbly dkouRaed by Gouvral 
SL L. Tialcv iQ AU oddreaf to the Amerioui Gcn^rujiLifal Srwiety. 
XhUj, tbo minor fbaturca of the maritime pruvinoce, midJlo Statca, 



c-JxxsTi Sir H. C» KAMXi>eOK'# A/Stints 

uid Now EugUnd, bxa cxluinstiToly tivalvd b&d i]lii^Lra1«d by n^'^pfl' 
— HomowhAl nfi^T the i»Iwi of our owi> ' Murray/ in Ox^ocd's norio* 

of Hiuidbuolcd. 

lien ^theiijfl hv th« Ot^r>«ni uf tli« Itritigh Bounder/ Oo>iu&iJttio&t 
luiiltv ILijikr CiiTOPitin, H.I., iJurinK tlji^ir fSiirvtty of Uia Frantiar 
Line between our rmt^wioiui tmH tUe Uiuiud SUtu. fonocd tHo 
fntbjoot of a ^Afior whicih %vwt Tebd to tiio Suuiely. in M«roh lA»t, by* 
Cnptiiin S. Amlcmon, iLi:-,ttmc^m1wr nf iho Oimmitiinti. Thftpwiy 
Ukti tho CuiumlbHiLja uppQUitixl by Uu (Jnitt*^ Suto* at Bed Slvn, 
and coaimcmcc^ tlioirj^i&topcmtiou«ia&or>t«mbur 187.. Bof^ixiikiiif^j 
w'tth the L^ko of tbo Wowlay thu liao surveyed cxtcmdcd to tlM 
Itucky Moiuibsiim udJ cuiiipluled Lho vroik of the bituJliir Gx-pc^ 
ditioiia utJiJur CaptAiu Fdlleor &&d Dr. Hector, ^vhujli vitplorod tbi> 
North- West TerriUiTy iatbeyeawfiotD id5T to ld<jO. 1& Ihocouno 
of their o|ier:iti4.ina the purty had In travt^rset cflen fur vrntii in 
AUCCCkSuOL). tro«clicrvUb avramp*, {len^c pino-foroets* uid Htrotchcsb of 
doiert ooQTitry, oloaring end making tha boiindary'liDo UiroiiKli 
«v6ry oh«taole. Th» d^iioriptioii given by CapUm Andvivun of tb« 
lOOoflguifition ftjnd TUiriod unture of ihe repuii tJuimiDcd hue ruJdod 
very eonaidernbly i/t onr know J edge of tlio Tojvkgtaphvftiicl Pby^cal 
Geography of tbi^ port of North-Amerio^ 

SoTTit AntnitiA. — The firflt volrnnc of the gtm^nil work on tlio 
Q«qf[Tnpby utid Products of Pc^tu, by our Hofior^ry C<'t'ro«p<mdin^ 
Menbor Don Antomo Kauncndy^ whioli was mantionod in Uia 
AddrcKA of ld7'l Q» being iu prerpiiriition, has now been ^ublitdibd, 
and fuUy jualiS^s llio akriti>:^ipAliora ii]dnlj:<;d in vitb rogard to ;l. 
This fico work promiece to ho a crampUtc geographical monogrflph 
rAlatiQg 1o fJiia varied reginti. anil it in to bo Ijoped IliJit laeajut 
will not Sail for its auo<;MF^ftil completicit. Vkt> liavo deceived aUo 
from Pfni, diroct from iho President of the Kopiiblio, » volamo 
untitled * Deruaronoion Fylititm Av\ IVm." whk'h will lie of tlie 
gruit«i»t puHsiblu utilily to all who Aro cug»t^<:d iu studios cou* 
nooted wit^i tbo poHticol b^iutdorica of iha varioun divioiona of 
tbftt country. 

Two iiitorentEitg journeys of eiplxuntiua have havn roeentlj f(*r- 
f^nned by jonng EuglUh engineers in Brazil, aecoiiTire uf both of 
vrliieb, oommuuiQatcd by the authors, will thortly appear in tbo 
* JcnjrTml ' 'ir ' TVrx^eHdingn' uf ihe Sociuty, Onu of thtau jiiiiineyH, 

by Mr, JAtuca ^V, WeLU^ txtendied from the middle «eiirse of tlw 



r 

I 

J 



Stnitk Aptarica — Africa* 



cl.txxvH 



lUv^r St »wicJ8oo to tbij TocnntiDA, and tb«no6 banik v^ tlto 
Alliintia »bofoii at Mttmnhftiii, Tho other, by Mr, T. P. Bigg- 
WiUicr, won An oxplomtiuu oi" thu littlt^kiKtwn BirdrTiba^. a 
tribnUry uf tho ?untii£, in tUo interior <«f SoaUi^rn BnuU. Both 
pBpors ffiipplj M bu-go ATn<'imt of moit w^rloomo infurmftlioEL reguil- 
iiig tbc To]K>giii|)lLy uud ibc Pbyiiiuiil G«.>^n]{>]iy of [KLrtfiuf Ulm 
vtrt vnipirc. Auothr-r UKpl^r^tioiit of *till ffruttur Dt^Vfjll^ ftfid ox- 
ioat, 11 €n« by Mv. Alfml Simion, up Ibo l{iT«r I^J^ or Putamftyo, 
4 tributary- i^r tb<i rpjH-r AnifLr;(in.«. Mr. Z^miKnii ti uiil to h&w 
jHtTigalcd iliia ivlmwit uukiLuwii abuuiu i^iv » diBtaoco of IL^OO nulo** 
bui wi» have not j#1 riKiuiT«^ dofiuib} aocwiintii of bii oxpLoit. 
ThflfOi, u wo AFO uttural, will W riiruiiliod Ui riH ui noon tm Uif^ 

Afbici.— Tn Afiic^ ani^ «^|>ecffl1]y In Ki)Tiator1&1 AlVfi», I^hm 
l)#Mh GvaUund tlio olii«f gcopajiliL^ iatom*t <jf Uio yrrrki , When 1 
<l<UTOrdd my la^t AuniverMry A<ldri.>«H lo you iu tbiN b«l] I drov' 
jwur nttoation tn the gmvi>— not to *ny poriloim — ponitinn of thu 
two ftdvouturoiu tni^ellexii, Mr. Sliuilcy and Liautd^ant Camotvu, 
of wboni ootliing Lad. beon bconl for mcmy munthe, bdh ^bo wcro 
boliorvd to be j^utbing thtir xrny iiito rogionu of tJio mcuit bacooK- 
■iblo nrtd iuUcspitabli^ Gb(Lnict«r. WilU ri.'giuvl tif Lioutuuiuit 
CftincKin J luay uow C4>nfoa« that I fUt more uixloty tboii J oEU-cd 
to OxprceA, knowing ae I did tbat bo wu trviiif; to foi'co a paaufp 
tbroiigb the etviLj^^ tHbex wbu litm iLl' luwcr uoiinto of I.]ii> Congo, 
and futtiui; ti^HMivd tliut Lu vuull pt?ii»LKl In Db AltoinpL to tOAclt 
ilM wostorn «oo-(»iLAt, appAlUd by no dangcn, nrooilmg bcfora n^ 
llic*i- Mr. Stiinlej'"* totnporttry JiaappiM^uico did noi eioilo 
Anmii Jtnumui. uf aiitNtflincBs, sujce bia Inwk Liy iu a Icbh rvuuto 
l^oitioEi of tlio oontinont, nnd ho wae botUjr oi|aippc<l for tbo 
^^fiwrgoncion of travol; but «tiU tho abwnco of all intoLligrmw 
ling bim was b(><x)rtiing jininfal, when in tbe Atitumn vX Inot 
jCftt tidingH woia ivc^lvtrd* atuiv«t Himultati^oiLfily. Tfutu l^gypt and 
ZuLzib&r, that tlio jj?Ulant «xploror btid Toachod tljo Cotirt i>| M'twft 
At tjgvidii, on tb^ nurrb-w^fit^^m ^hore of the Viotorift Nyanuu Aa 
a fuU n?porL of hiii Liavijl* after leaving lUo MjU'-i^oiul biu bcmu 
ftlita^ly publiffUod in Ibe ^ I'rocc^dingn * of thiH Society, J uucd not ut 
pnwont follow hi« fooUtc^pit iu any dutftil ; but in tbo intoroHU of 
(teograpby, arnt in roougnitiuitof bid «]uSni>Dt pvraonni scrvicnE, it U 
udy jual uuil pix>ixir tbaL 1 ibonJd brlvfly notice tbt^ nmlu fentuiDBi 
4f bia joumoy, Mr.Stnnloy tbon, by takinj^anow lino to tiie Ink«, 



HxxxTiit 



Sir H. C- liAwi^iseos'ff JrLins^ 



oonaiderably |o the cast of Die track pureued by f>>Tiiier Iravollorn, 
tliMHivi>rwcl a t'oiisKlernlkTo river Hiiwiiig in ^ iinrtli-weBtcra direc- 
tic&. which be fo!l(^vTcd duwn to tlie Like ftlurig a rourso whioU bo 
Ap[ii'0ziinat4>Iy eEliQ:iuted at 350 tniLofi. IIuh riv«r is camod th» 
ShJmwyu^ftHd, ait fir uHour prwtent meausof informafion eilnnd, it 
antit he cu4j*J«leroJ tbe tnK' K)xirce vt lLt> Kile, UiAtis, it u tho 
utufit BOutbcrly foc(icr of the great rcBorroir of Vietonti ^ylua«l* 
from whicU fho ^'Jiite Kil^ issiief?, Aft*;r reaching the iouthi^nr 
hIiuiv of ih& Inki?, not f»ir fruM the J'jiiIkdh Nullali of Spcke, Mx. 
Stoiiloy put together iho Th*mc6 boat vhioh be hud hrought in 
pieco* from Zaanbar, tmd to whioh ho guvf the ntuu^ of JUiify 
/iiV^, flni] pioceedtsi lo oiroiimtiRTigtktis this great inland nm. Hrr 
littflrtiTil flloDg iho *j*iBlt]ii tiijJ iiurlLtni fcLorcn uf iLv^ lake to Bl'iwft's 
Littpitfll in I'gain^b, taking a <criea of obBcrvationa fjr Ulituclo aij4 
luegitudv a? ho w»it along, und also obtaining mooburc men ta both 
cif tho iK^plli cif till* laltu ainl of it« elevatiun uli.vo the aea-Icrcl, 
On tbo wbfile, Slanloya surveys mnj bo hold to confiim in n rc- 
Diurkabli) maiinor not only the uccTinity of Spoki^'n own work, but 
th& ccfrreclneas of ihe information which he obtainod from tlii' 
natires. Tb<] lalio wna found to ixin-^iBt of oiio ^eut and cc^tinmnis 
ltf)dy of mi!<ir, iD*tcad tf bting bTokc-n into a eerk^ti ti lagootfl ae 
had been wirmised byolher iravelleTt 1t« genci-al eontoor, in^ood, 
as deliuesleil by Spcke, anJ the Arefi vhioh it vrM chtimntcd to 
ouvcT, very nearly ourreepondo^ with tho ehitpo and dimoDeioiUf 
gCvciti ill Stanley'^ map, »ni\ &v*!j\ m rfigtird lo the a^<^)rd flub- 
iridiary lalct*, namfld thn Ruhr-ingo, nl tho nurlb-eaHti^rn corner. 
whioh SpcJ&ci vrt.t held to have intiodiii^od into bia map un i&fitiffi- 
ciont »iilhont3\ Stanley wfls able to identify tbo lif]« in thoMini« 
hioality; and indnoJ ho tlpluinc^ tho onginul report by iihawing 
tluit tbcro iwilly were largo laud-louked Ukys in that quajtor, 
altnoRt claiming to be inddpcndont lafaoS' TLo only Gorious disoro- 
jmniry boiwuen the two iLcuonnfa wna \ f^ifervnoe oT lutitudo 
amoiiiiliug in iho north to 14 miles, which whb doe no doubt U.* 
•omo error eilh«r of inetrument or observation, llio olevfttion of 
tbia groat reservoir above the tea may be now detinilely Ukwi M 
abuuL 3S00 feet, and the depth waa ajicertaiued by Mr, Stui?uy at ii 
pojiit near the tubtcm ehure to be 27^ Ictt. Mr. f^tonioy donl 
itKC letters to Engbind, two vii Zjinailar and one by tlw bnud of 
M. Linoiit de Bclkfundo, who wa« uflerwArdn killed by Uio TUriH 
noar Oondokoro : Uit wo arc atill mthout hi« doftoiirtion cf the 
c»outh-weat«nL &horo« of the lake — between the Kitangule nver aud 




KqnatcricJ Africa* 



I 

I 



Mixitid viuiiraioti ftMia 1ii« ciimp at K«gohy], la wbich hi^ hnd 
rotumod from 3rt<iNi'ft oapilikK ^Vidi rD^^rd tL> Mr. SUule/'a «iib- 
wq&tttxt movomonU wo nrv ontiioly in tbv tJjiih. It muj b« 
Uiumftil from biotiio cf hU letter* Ibnl hi* firiit object. aft4ST c«nn» 
pLeUn^ hia nurvvy uf ttiu VtcUida Npmxu. would bo to croM uver 
b> tha other great Nile rciicrvoir, nomwl l^ Biikcr [lis AlboTt 
NjAniEA, where an eqwolly lurgg cxtoQt of virgin l«trilory awjiilf-nl 
hk uploratkin : but it in iilvo to l« infuny-J Tmin 1h« iin|HTrlaiit 
Btatencnt, with whiok htH !n«t Icttor c>f Hftv 15 coccludoe, of bU 
bdng abom lo enler ou n Iriimp of 3000 irtit^s. tbnl be muAt ccpd- 
tc-uipUti? \\i^ fiiitber proilticii'aA f*'/it of striking eiintli-went fnfiu 
the ^Uu bufiiQ nod oponing a wny tt/ tho wcaIctti ton coant between 
tha lincH nf tbe Congo And Ogow^, In the case of &ny orillnary im- 
vell«r t'Xjtterapt b tnarch of pucbcrxtrAordinnr^ difficulty ihrongb an 
«]i1irolv nnknuwii coiintry, ^nd witbnitt any pcviun^ an ^u^cmoiit 
fi>r rvHi^r and Hii|ijxiTt, would be prunuuniyNl \<y be nti luit of uliuoBt 
ou1|jub]D tomouty, but Mr. Stdtilvy ptWHoaaoH eudi T«ry oicuptiuuikl 
qiULliflcAttona in bin fertility of r««onroe. Ilia vigour both of mind uid 
bod}', and itiu uiiltuiitcd L^onmmiid orruttdfl vliii^b be derived from 
liJB Ujuiiifiwiit paUviiH in Ixiud'JU mv\ Nuw Vork, tlinL liia suLMiiwt 
L&rdlj aconkA boyond tbo Tu<tcb of rooAonablo cxpoctulir^m. At 
nny rftio, u u Iw^lromonUi has new olapsed uqco Mr. StAnloy 
quitted Ihe hborBf of th6 Victoria Nynniira, intelligcnre niimt vury 
nboTtly Tt^Lcb ijb^ clUior tbrougli Goliriiel Gordon or by Zuti^ibur, of 
the further course of hU African travcU ; and his frionda may rc«t 
^Jfpnrud that if AUccesB abould uttc^ hiH Ktepv. Qowhcru will that 
^^HOmbftbaili:^!! wuh ^n^^ittr fratiBfttCtioii than in tbb ouuutry &uil 
ttliiuSodoty, where hi^ dinouvcry and roliof nf Livitig^tono un> 
oUn r&Tnoiul>eri:^d wirh niingletl focHugv of admiration aud gratilvde. 
J now ]iriioe«d to notice wbbt coAy well ba Uiniioti tlje <:f0wulng 
tioogntphicfii exploit of the >^oar. At tho date of my Wt Anni* 
v^naiy Addreu^, all t}iat uan p<.iHit)V«ly hvard of Liautunant 
Cami^ronV niuvemenla ivas tlmt be L^mI left L'jiji a yuftr prerluunly. 
vilhtho avowed intention of liaciag thocouimj cf tbo fltre&ni oalltd 
the Liikiig*, wliiob hif btflicvod to be the cutlet wbiei'ebj' l^kti 
Tftngnnrika discharged ila wnters into the Linil^Lbn. It was fiiTtb^^r 
aurmutCil, however, lliat, haviug reached tbe LuAJaba, hv would 
fmdcavotir to aolv^ the (.^rutilem whRL liktd l>C4?n h^fl unsettlod by 
Ltvisgiitov)^, AS 1>> Ibe Low^r oohtko of that nvcr, &ud its identity 
«Uber with ihd Cungu orOgow6; and I felt bound accord i ugly lo 



CXMi 



Sir H. C RAttussoj*'* Aikint^ 



k 



point out tiie cxLreine peril adO diOiciiUy nf hucU bq cittciprinc, 
though 1 did not think it neceoaary to duMXrutb^c liop«, ot to 
«nhirgft on tho a^f^iLvattd ftnxioty lie must oiidnr^ IVoni Icnovrtofc 
thtf. the rnn<lH oi thf* Ttnltef Rxpe^ilioa vara oTihnii9it%]^ jtnd UjaL 
ho Ixi^ no authority lo draw on the Society fur uiy farthor 
anm«. >ow tbat ihoro U iii> longer any cuufiu fui r«tic«'noe^ I 
may nay tbn£ 1 ihink tt refl^jcu v«ry croditably on Licnienaut 
Qkiiuirvn'0 nigral connige ihdt, al tliia jmictEirc, ft^ling thnt there 
wft» a Ki'cat opportuiiity, not for mere pur^onal dt&tioctioii, but Ibr 
AohJeving refiUlU of roitl natioDnl i]n|>orUuod, )w struck boldly 
F'>rwnHH, fating all rtuqwinsihility on himeeir, ami tmnting U» ft 
goncnjun pitblio Ui feupport hia efforts in the cauBe pf d iaco vct^"- 

It in ftlrcady known th&t wbcu tho JColiut' Exposition c-iLni« to 
an end, Cameron's privnle fiiendfl subowribed a wim of nmrly A 
thouHuiid putiuds I0 mei]t the ex|.>e[LrfeH cf birt frirtlter Expli>jntion, 
and tliut to th^ fund, thus <ion9ittnicd, tho G^o^raj.ibiuihl 8ootofy 
prtKontf d two contribntions of fiOO^ and 1 000/. r*>hpoctiv*ly ; nnd T 
may httr^ ttdd, that over ord iibuve tliHHo luh'nnc:^, wttH nuiue 
oftftintttuoo from tte public, and cepecioUy irom His 31^jottj tb^ 
King of lite Belgiann, who conlribnted to the Cemeron Kxplonu 
lion fiiTid asumof 2onf, fiombie pih-ate punse^ we b^vc *^inciHnnL rU 
domftudd for the naintenutkoi? and oxpenGi>9 of the l^xpedition, and 
th^convoraneecf thdew?ort from Loondi to iheir homes atZaniibftr, 

w 

But. it will in* of DKrici gcueml iuieroat Uint I fihould now briefly 
foUow Lieutenant Cnmci-onfl footatopfl from Tungiiiiyilia wcHtwaid. 
Fiuding bimaelf unable I0 porfin&de Vis raifti lo aeoonapnny him in 
bin projected 1onr along fbo bfl-uli* of the Lnlfiiga, which Htroftra, 
htjWflTor, ftoo.^rding to the oujifienilent toatiraony of tho nntivn, vm 
dooUrod to fall into iho LnaUbft bellow Lftko Mo{.*n5, or at a point 
not gT«itIy d<?prosi:e<l below Tho level of the LbIcOj be tnmod l^ 
the DOrlli-w«Bt, uud pawing thruiigh thtj awaiiipft and forcate oT 
M^nyniinja, ronoliod tho conunercJa] mftrl of Kyun^i in tho otuiy 
Autumn of 1874. 

jLt Nyaugwi cuiuuieuoad tJiat reries of iTuportimt results which 
have niAdc Lioutonnnt CiuaoTon't; li^xpcdiltou mvmorablo in tho 
aQnaU of Gooj-rapbioal tnlerpriae. A lilwral (iiip[dy of instnimentu 
had l)eon rUraiHlied t>) Lietileraut C:ini«Ton by our SfH^iety im hifl 
origicAl dcpntfttion to Africa, Imt mituy of thcv^ iuntmmonU had 
boon damaji^d and roiidorc^d UAcloea by tijo nooidont^ of tmvel on bis 
p«ttwgd from tJn> w«-ooH**t I0 lb© iut4*rinr; and it was thetnforo 
looet ibrtunate in tlio Intore&tB ni Boience ihmi, on mooting l>r. 





Xfjwf, Qimmm*t Ej^ttim, 



cxei 



no'ii party at ITnyiuiyciiib^, to was Mt *o reinforce hia 
Hurvejing ftppoTstuia fzvtn tli4t iJoctor'n «torM, llio ohrorn^motoT 
Qvpecdftlly, which tuul bcwn pncncntDd by tho Society lu Dr, Liviog- 
atonoiD 18^9, iiii«oojfniUou of hia cAtly Atr^iuot ioGuograpIiji uad 
wbjohf although out of order, hud ouaU^O the ]i^t»r c« obMi-Yo, 
vritfa moru or [«di ocouncj, tbrooghout his laat jottmoy, wojt thiu 
trftDMrurKid to Litiuk'iiJirit OvmoruQii con:, aiu) it is uu ibis Ian tiu- 
mcnt that aH the lcitl«r offlow'4 c^ctilatluna for funjcitiido from 
Tuigftoyilu to the WcBlcm Cout aro botod. A Eoxtant. to^cthoi' 
with aonnd bATtHu blunt] Hud builin^-pDint t1ierm(;meteii(, vrt^Yv »l tht) 
■uno (j'mo tAhoii uLv^ of by LiuutMi&nt CAmeroa, wboM obliga- 
tion* to hi* illttstrionii prodccOMor vro too ikna prc-ud to ocknowlodfce. 
IjIonUfiant Cunwvm'H lint carv wua u* dettaimno the cnrtyot cMtro' 
DOutL«l pvjbiliuu of NjAugwv OA a bUli tjij^-jiijlut fur fartlmr vxplu- 
ration, in coatiniunfi hinrc«ioikrchcii he itiGGitAiiicd thutthoLuulabn 
IVom ibu pi>itkt iii^iliiitid ta tho wi>flt und iFuitth, tLiiit turning away 
from the i1ji«4itiou of tbi» Niltj TV^h ; Am] )i« likvwi^" tiMuiiied 
*raluablc lufiimuitioTi tif tbc juoction of a lanco rivor frcptn the corth- 
vrard, ^vhich HHtnod to atiiwcr to Schvvioftirth*! Uollv^ ut w«ll a« 
of tlrt f^xiflUiiKw of Ihr^ g^^l Tafci* SiUiW.irrft. fcom^what fitrlb^r Co 
lii« vruid, liuuu^li which lliu LiiaiiilM Jjuwoi], Fin*! when; tiador* 
woariii|e a Kuropun drov, a&d nuppoocd by Mi'. Montciro, "who 
WM long a rcitidcat ut tho Weitt Ci:A><t of AlYl^a, lo he haM^^Bt^ 
PorlDgiiene fium Cawnang^* wwo wonl ti> ropair for iho puLjicimw of 
OOtaiucTco. LiouUaunt Cameron vra4 moat anxioiin to proc«c<l wcil- 
ward oithor upon th« *1j-baiu, or along thi> iniiaediAti> Imnhx, of the 
Ijud>aba. so aa toproTci liy |ierr^na1 i~i1*>prvnt!nn ibi identity with thn 
go; l)Ul thu soraplM of litJi iVflh^wcrK, tlio impcwibilily of 
Ding boatd. and tho pomutcnt oppoi ition uf tbo nutivw, dcfcatt^d 
liU purpoaa, and lia was rompnlt^d io Iiitti in tha flpit inatflnce to 
the Aoutb, with ti hopit ihaL by uiuking u ciicuil nmoDg»L lTil>f'H of a 
]B0tl9 Sxitadiy obDinolor hu itii^lit etill Nuouuod in sinking tko ^roat 
ri«r again at a Joworpomt. In this, liJfiwtvor. hi* wiia iigain dnnmod 
to dimppu Jnlmeut, beinj^ tluMiUucd. iuJ^ji^, ^Ith thu ^Lrmt^d luBiHt' 
uaoa of the Woatoni ohiofi, vho, acting probably nnder a joaloue 
appralionaion of int«ifQr&ncu with tho<irciirrjtnglnit!«,fl<?ottiec] d;*tcT. 
!□ prevent ibo i^ploratiuo vH the Luolaba or Cimgu. UIti* 



tb tndi of tl» Itat CMt of AUvk will bo Imad la «v ' Kq- 

l XT, |r. 19^: tod a rribmM mny a1«o m modft to Mr. Mcctoljo'a 

' ADfjcilik nucl the liivoT Caiigi\' p. 131V, for riuthor partloiiliin. * 




^CIJ 



Sir H. C. 1UWI*IKW)K* AddrcAA. 



uiatoly Jio woa ctbLigcd to };irc u|> ibia line of roiatQ altogether, and. 
in ooiHjianj villi ft lialf-Oiiaio Foitugiiesr^ tmdoi', lo jmr^ue a iiio(» 
umilJ^cnily track Ui tJ»o km-raost — a Irack* iiCFWover. viijcli. po«nnjf 
up ibo vail vv of l1i« Loiu&ui^, tilt uioel ^ij»t<^TnIy nfitucnt 1o tbo 
LunUba of I-iviuggl.ono'e map, l^d to th« diaoovory of aniAb^r gr'^ftt 
wutor iyKfrin, pcimiitimd of u ulreum flowing thiouj^ a BL-nMi-if Jaich 
iLtermvduitv buLweeii tbv Loiu&mv anJ iLe uoio coeUmly vbLl^ 
which LiTiii^Ntono hiLcI followed up ffoia Lihlces Buigw^lo Bi:id Uoftro, 
TLirt ncvt liver Cunicnm believed To he tlie tfu^ LuaIhIa ; »nd ll 
cerUiiuly^bcmttlu lopicwtit tberivviuf thatuAmoirbicb woa crowed 
by tho I'oiabdroa in tlioirptusAgQ from QiQ capital «]ftbo Mufttu YauY(» 
to Ihfctof ibif Caicml>6. Having petiolmtediu fftrati tba lOtlictngT«a 
of buulb latitude. GiiuiDron th«ii turned to tlie \veht, and poAfliii^ 
alcjDK tbe wiitei'bbod between the Congo tiibuturioa and ttio htad 
Ati'<Himft of f be ZiiDiboa% urrivod in due i^arH€« but af r«T Uie moat wen- 
riHOUio dvilaj* iind niiiiblmH uf every (li'norjiition, at tbe PortugnwH? 
ftcttloiDciit uf Bcngueli^ on tbe fcea-cin&t- It will bo umicoeitBHTy in 
tbitt pluoo to itjatpiiiilutu ill ai^y detail tlio roaultn of Lieutenant 
CftTTiftrrm'B reranikahlo journey, oa afiertiiig tbe lof-erefela of lb" 
politiuian. Uio meicbont, and tbe pbiluntbiopifct ; but I may brietly 
uotjce a fow of hie moi^ iinpurtunt dlEeovcri<je. T'list, Ibmi, th<* 
introduclion of the chief Kiison go, wbo, its tbe tovereigncf Urnn. 
ftppean to bo of at leasL equal power with tbe Mimla Yauvo and 
Caseiabf, iuto tbetriuniviiat^i of Centtul Afiica.i^anew ftLCi wbicb 
cannot fail very nuitennlly to infiuenoi^ the dipbimaflc inli^rrourm^ 
of tba future- Of not Icrbti jiit«reHt is it to l&ani, Iwr ibo fiiirt tuav. 
that tbo trado ficnk tbo hktAl and Wont ci:)a)4t« of tbe continent docif 
actually vttmt on ttie oontineM of l^rua aud Munyuviua, tiie Arab in«r- 
t'hiintj* nf 7nnK]bnr having ttiiLimerciiil ^leaUngH with Uie balf-cwitD 
Poitu^ucm^ of Bih^ AiUd CaflHing^, and tbe produce of tbie central 
region boinjc, Aceoi'ding to Ueutonant Caixioron*« cbuervation, of tiu> 
inoKt varii^d and viiliiublo ubarjiirttir. Bill the moat iiHe<fiil ]ufi>nna- 
Liouprubably vrbit^b baa hvi^a bjuugbt buiik by Lit'ulenaiit ('umomu 
from bit( truvulB, und tbut whiob at tbu preaeut time is uutit liktily 
to command tlio attention tjf tho public, refers to the »]av»-trndd of 
tlia intunor c»f ihci ii(Hitiu*mi. tbi.^ iufnioncM to bt drown frtmi IJon- 
teuonL CnUDron'a eipon«Dce being that, until flupeiior iuduocmonta 
for tbe ouiploymeot ef onpitol are held out by tbo introduolion of 
legitininl« commerce, it will be in vain to eiLpeot ibal tbit odieiiic 
traffic Qiui he suppreaiwU, or even lerjoiiely checked, hy men? tvpnr- 
0m lucaaurve on the cca-boiAi'X 




Limt Cttmfrm's Esjt^itim, 



cxc-m 



I bftve r0e#n.'«d fcr a ii«p4»U notice Ihe sdr^ntiAc rfiEiiltK of 
LicittGnftnt CVmerort'g joiimoy. brir^ATiKa it bt ihcmi ivhuIui whioU 
ospocUllj iDtorcut iik oi (kogTApbci?* and whioli Wvo induoL^d i>ur 
Connoil t4> ftw&rd to liim onu uf thi^ Gold M^&U of tVift y«Ar, 
1>lAnt«nAnt CAm«<rnn'8 esaenrUI merit in aa nn ohnnrvnT, Familinr 
witli tbo (ISO i>f his iikPtraments — frcm hi« fannor oxpcnesoe w a 
Dftral wiTToyor — »nd gifted with oxtroordin^ry itidTi^try and p*r- 
BOTMWic^, hd seerrt* tn hflve i>intflrpii on liU AfVi^ATi tTnTo3n with j* 
detenu jJiftt ion U> kee^i Iiib rcRintcir and ficld^Wolt* iv lAtvriillj oa 
Sr^tDjilojcd cna prcfcssional BUrvoy ; und the roisidt hae Vcc^ ihtii 
bo httfl fiirnlflhed uji with * uerio* of ovsr :iOOO objictvationn lor 
latiliidc, lougitiule, and tleviiUoa. ITih diligaDiH?, imlteil, ia olwcrT- 
log under viuying cocditionH. no as to n-duoo all pOBsibl* orrOT- to a 
minimum, togvthftrivilh the extreme aoouravya&dalHLl with which 
hv liuH used hix ifiiitniniQUtii — aa teatified hy tbo uitbotitiui ttt 
Gn^ovicbn wW ]iHv« c<jiij[<uU<L hi« obaarTatioEU — hftT« cJicittd 
cor wnrmont cu^knowlodgiaoots ; pcuiting biin o^t, indiytd, oi ft 
model tii all futiirn tr^vc^llers wbone lol muy bo caat in Oic tidot^ 
pkt^ rcgiana of tUo Mrlb. Tbo GeogiapbEcal rwuil of bui 
jonmc;^ — ft rewiU of which thia coimtry and this Sixiioty may 
woll bo proud — bn» been the construction of u ««ctiL>n of ultra- 
tEoQ ccrOBa ibo OQtiro continent of Aixiea Eruiu it«& to aoa, kid 
down upon a line botwoon tbo (th and 12th degrccfi of eoiUh Uti- 
tiido, oi wbioh thti fiiijlntction has been v^rifivd llirougbout by 
cftnful mid repifiAlcd aatTi^nomicAi obserratii^. I niKil hnrilly say 
Uiat Lionlcnant f-'amcron bftarooeivod cue gmtiiW ions from almont 
txciy cotintry in Eiirc[>« on. tbo ejile^did «iioct«td of hi» Afriuan 
jotira^y; sind that thia Society, ns tba patron and anj>porter of 
bia wurkn Is [>ioud to bo ablo to partictpato in hi« liltiaiplLH. 

I have but fijw furtlier ob^r^JLtiona to ofTei' on Alnvan «ipiorA' 
tioD. A rfimnant of tho Gfirman Expodilion atill mirvives in the 
porMin tjf Dr. Ltuz, tbo Qoologiat, who wftn Uat btmrd of at Anyiiba, 
ui oppoT vilb^ i'i tbo Ohniida tril-o, on lh« Ugowfi Hivcr, wbero 
h« wsa roporl^d to i>i> dttuiuod from wiiTit of mnara to continn* bin 
Jonmoy. The utbvr uieuibi-rtt *jt Lb-.* Ek[i»diliuiL biid Evlumi^d homo, 
but tbo German Afrifftn Sw-iofy aiis now pic^wiring Jt new flfforl, 
and with good bops of eucc<ss, H^ng tTmt thoy have ongag^ fhin 
time an oip^rieDcul and aci'ltmatitfed Afni*un t^^veller to lead Ibo 
Kxpcdltion into the interior. ThiHgi^iitUtnan, Mr Edwju'd Molffn is 
known fcrrtboaucc&^sful journey bo has loconlly nmdc ffom JS'alal to 
Ui« Z^mbcfli, regar^ling which he has pnbHabcd a very interesting 



ratciv 



Sir H- C- EAWinreoN'^ Addrtts, 



I 



b(»kof Trftv&l, whioli bna been tniiwln*w3 into En|!;liBt linger th« 
tiUu of* To tJiQ Victoria FalU or Hie Zanibmi." Mr. Maliris aboutto 
riwt KiJgl&n'l in order to ci^Mfer with Lmtonant Cannrron on Iha 
Bubjcct of W^t Ariic-iin Erploralion, It ia liip itituntiyn to follow 
tho CVingOi AA oloecly m cirrnmstflric^A mny admitf from thn ^Venl, 

In the iDcan time th& fnni'iUH French ExpeditioUt tmdor tho Cotmt 
di Braiau, sfrang tn rtiiiiiber« and ^oifeot iu eqntpment, ha* pfina- 
tratel OM iU way up thn OgowS ; Riirl in s|iito of &n awkwnid Jifliiir, 
in whioh a tiativo hod becii killed by M, Mftrch^ hod, up to tho Unt 
acoountd, mot with no Berioiia iinpMiment. Tbe Coimt di IlraKftii 
eipwlfld, ws are told, to reaoh Lake Taaganyika in thren ymns. 
And opinion on tLc caaat among thoae most competent to jndge wan 
uvid ti> fm favourable to the ^Qoeosfi of the cnUrpri^. Wo aro not 
iti u porition horo tn eonfirm or to rejo*f ihu opinion, wbkli, afrer 
Lioulonant Oatnonjn'B briUiant ex]jlo:t, can hardly be deemed 
oztmva^nt; bnt 1 tofiy, at any into, euggOHt that if tbo Fronoh 
pu-ty dn roacb a gi^at oetitrtLl lake, it wil! bo U14 SanlcorrA of 
C'umtTou, mUiyr Lliun tbe TiiiigTiriyiku, nnd may add Ibnl tbo buu- 
om^fiil acoojiiplihtimoni of tiidi a journey vroialj completely ealipfto 
tli« glory of <>ur own oxplor&rB, inasmuch as thft country tbron^b 
which tbe Counldi Brazza would pas^ from thci lotwioaBt )■ fax 
uioro diOitJuU tliAD tbo tYi^irn on ibe va^terti vide cf tbu tx^utlneut. 

No gronl ftdditionfl hftvo bson mndo to onr knowlodtsu of Iho 
oonrao of tho Upper Nile amce the op^jning of the Secaion wh«ti 
I n^vievrnl the proce^ingB uf Colonel Gordon auJ bia imbordljiiitii<( 
10L fftr w tb(-y wcro known ii]- to that time, Culonol Gordon, it la 
true, hiiH ftinoe marched in por^on as fur soinb as Mrix>li. boyond 
tho Earaiua FulK ftod he hft4 eittftbliHiied a line of Iflg^ptinn 
posU, citonding from Goodohoro to Lako Victoria, wliiob he Laa 
offioiiilly ndded to tbe Kbedivo*s dominions; but in regard to 
that unvieited pihrtiun of the rivor wJiich intervenes botwpem the 
MaktidL* ItupjiljH Atid Iho A.lbort Ny<xti2a, nothing h\iz been addt-d lu 
tho iTifornaation wbiob whis gainod last year by Llentcnimt Clifppen- 
da!l at ibe Kunhi vilhige of F)igh[*ro. when he wttt itill 20 or 30 
milcH dUf^Tit fj\ini tbe Lake^ aud It jh embarrasHing Ibarvfora to 
Oeograp^^"^ ^ ^^^ ^^'^^ ^- S^chwdnfurth, In tbo ma]> whluli bo 
ban drawn up and pablinked nt Cairo. u\ illuHtralion of M. l.inant 
do E^llflforids itirK-rHry T)Qtw^teD Eujof aud M'lt'nn'ii eapital of 
Uganddk, has lent the authority of his gre*tt iLJiUiu to tlio bypo- 
thosii that tbo ^iic proper does not enter the Albert Nyanaa ftt 



i 




all, t>iil zn^nly <!i>mmTtnii^iUvi vffili iUtil ttiI^ijiI-hmi tlimngli tlio 
sulMLilittiT lirMicli ktIikIl M^Ver etAconiUiJ. iliinii^ hie fiiYt jouriMy, 
&«a Uftgongo to tbe Mordiiiton ¥u\U. Thri vi«w of tli« hydro- 
graplijr of the Nile, wliinli cumimrU Ili« iriJiin river \'y an inilepen- 
dout diAniLel from tbo Marohinon FaIU due north to Cliippcndaira 
Tillage cf Faahoro, canoot at j^wwiit b* poaittvf*ly oontiiKliotti! j 
bnt I mtut oberrvo th^t it, In nnl ir nny way HiippoTl,fTl b^ Cnli:mAl 
GoidonV n!p:>it«, tliy it*«ll of hiff Ifitcitt irKjiiirii?* and vWrTaticpus, 
wlktch yroTo 4wlirc«iofl to mj'aoll' in I'cbmiiry loBt, oad which reprtv 
iont tho }vU« paKiiiig tlinrngb tbu north-boiit uomtrrof tUf) AlbtOTt 
Vjsti£a very inncli om il wau doHn^fit^d in Sir R Bnlctir'tj orl^nal 
niAp, 

Cobncl Gordon luvi boon tmablo tovieittho Lako himsclE^ owiti^ 
Xt> tbo mora prouiu^ «aI1b on hts timo And Att«ntSoti aHuing froTu 
llttt ft'apoiifln>iliti^j« vf bis iiuportjiiit GOiniuaiid.&iid bu in uow about 
to <imt till! country uin hid rotnn) to England, learing Signor liowt 
— tho only Ecirop^wu oflioor now remftiiniig on hU SJaff — in charge 
of the Nyiknyji Hi-itillo. Hiia llotilla (Mraslifts of two lirvboEitB (oupiLhIo 
of ojutuiiilng 00 or TO inr-n each), aiid una kiquII att^amc-T uf 36 toiui; 
all thrjw: tohaioIa faavinf; boon origrnnlly takrii mit by Sit S. Baker* 
and hftviuff been movod iu piocua by Colontil Gordon fi'om Gondo- 
koro tu DuJl^, abovti iLo Miikedt> Rb.piibi, wLtiv, lu^curilin^ to 
Colonel OordoiVft lant Iott«t to niyftolf, dnXod Fcbninry 'Hh. Ibcy 
Vtxt b«]i]g put togutb«r by %rurkaii>ii obtnlnwi from Khartoum. 
At th& Jibovtj iktv. CjIoiidI Gordon sajr Ihat llw t^n boatfi would 
be revly In about ten d^iyii to fltirt for the Lake and Magiirigo, aud 
vronld bo foUowod in itbouL lwi> motithB by tho etcomor." 



* Sincv tZie Alriivr wu In l3r|]fl I Iiavq raooiired* through (lujjijnl Stone (elitof 
of the ff'^apml Stuff at liint), ucwt of laior dulo from OolonoJ Gofdoa. wblch 
bATD fr wry imncirtaikt liHTinv r4i tlm qoHlian of the ^JnMt ocitjio«tkiri of 
Ibfi Nile with Atburt N'y«niiL iitnr^nil StniittV IvHorli MfoLkiWB:-' 

"CtiiivlSlh ^ij. 1876. 

•■ t finvfi tri 'liijf riNvltfwt fmm Clon'ral C3iiMAh.Fnp|iq n Ivttf-r irnilpr ilnto lA(h 
MuTil*, l!*J<i, *ntl4i*i ftl Tlnlli'\ im thn Wlilln Nl](% tn vluch hi' infurm'* pm that 
1» hiid imiLy oMopleUd hla Una of ]>nbt4 bt^lnwri Qti>L(HC4t M Itf[ioii Falb» juiil 
LatiJo (qcu GondwDTO) hJn hcadfiucirtfirB. 

"Uo tUiUt khM Ikl* tvn llfobHti itio on Loka Albert lufj that kii Urob luc of 
Ibm mi that or ModlDg nppll« fMok DoiU ta tb* port *tMiigui]goj thkt Mr. 
Qa tA wan n»i\l vflh Uinm. haclnir ArdAia tc gn rmind tha Laks. 

**tt wunlij imeiii, tliir^ii I3i4l <huiini| Gonh'rt hu^ Ihmlly Killed Ihcr qiieilEon 
ai to wbctliijr or uot tlio \VLila Nllt? cdidw out of Ltkxi AlU^t* uud that 
afBma1ir«l)r. 

" I ^vo joQ Mb «<ira «ciFdB ^- 

'''Tlie Iwollfobofltj Imvrr gone on thr Lake. Tliey rtrsttoyksriorMtuMnifnii!^*, 
Gcwl WL:[tL vith ihciu, mid hu trriti^nt tu [^o rniud iLe Luku, . , , I Shti jlulalK^d 



«xcv 



^ir H. 0- IE\WLtsso^« AtUrtu. 




A few other jioiuti rfvjuira notice. Ci^loucl Oor^oit hod «1>va^k 
looked forward to tho opening tip of a diroot communioutioii 
fxrlu-i^zi Tuktf Vir.'f^nH Hii^l 4uin« purl on tho Som«)i cooJit Em of 

tho atmnitt iiii|tortAtiiH-. l>ulh in tLu iutoieetft uf Dgyptiiui Irvlr, 
and witU u view to tbo ccinanlidation of the Kbc<iivo^« rulo over 
Fqii»ti>riji1 Afiioii; utid he liml KUggCATvd U Iha jibortOBt liito for 
Hiidi corojnurLLrAiicJii, Uint the roui^o uf tbo Oiy liver, whicli eTilen 
tbo jioft bctwcoQ 2^ iLDd 3^ aoutU, Eihould bo fallowed from tho oooai 
A4 far lu AkiUiit Ktmia, botweon whk-t] qtiU lU» t&ko tho intorrAl' 
wa* Rup[iowd biirdlv to iixmrd IdO luIl-* ; biit in tlila TorKAHt tho 
olaitOBof tho Zancibiu' 3UIo — wliicli u\tund« ftlong tho voa-ohgre, 
not mtiTDly to the Oiy, but to <he Jubu, uml. evi>Ti uLill further V> 
tlitf rtocLli — At^ru <.iYijilixiked. and thu couse^iur^tK^o won, iLut whou 
llit> EgyplUu rmthorilicrt frocc^dcd tu tho ciccuti«it of tho project 
political compliaitionH ftioee of the moct ■oTtonu chunotor. For 
iLa |in.*H.Mit hII fitririMijr jiicafiiiruit «ru Hiiftpendt'il, liud the aetOtL 
Egyptian occapntioa cxtcvda no furthor thiin !£as llftfAOi ft ahot^ 
Uidtunoo douth of Cupo Gurilufui, froriv whcnwi ootamunie^tvcn with 
Thi» Tj4,ko-region lo ImpoBsihIo ; tut it winy b^ tiopcd thnt thO; 
IuEIhtl £jL[x^ition. uii^or tho Mai-clie«L AcitJnon> wLiub lufL Euiop^' 
on tljo 8th of Muri:h laetn fur thu pTiTpaso tif txplgricg tho iSoIU 
' (OOntry to thf^ Gi>nth-w<^bt of ^hoft, may diKccvor eome rout€tt loudln^ 
f^om Viotcina Nyunu to thooouit, which Quiy b^rve aa an oQtldL 
lor tlu product? of Equ&ton^ Afrioft, without ttobchiufc od tho 
(hta of the SuIIj^q r^f Zanr.iliAr, 
Thn Egypliaii i;tJti4iieit of Diirrur and Wiwlfti haa jvlao given an 
impolufl to oiploraticn in thia dirootion. ludopeadoutJy uf the 
oiliojal Mirr^ya of tho Egyptian St^S, whlgh havo bwn regularly 
fcrwunlE'd to llitE tiui'zc^ty by (i<!tLcnLl Ji^rotit^ imdor inj-tttJcKona from 
tbo KhoJivo, aiid vi-Lich are very creditttUlo Lo iho nkill of Ilia 
Highnoaa'ti atirvoyora, at kaat two private exploring purticaiuv now 
rngHged ick eilouding our G^i^niphical kTiowlndge to lh9 aoiith- 
WL'at uf tL» Nilo buin. tii^E>r Mumu is reported to li^tve piinhoil 
on through tho l^ri oountrj toi^'ards tho Kaleg^ Mountains;* 
vrhilo an ^otorpriiing privato Ejigliah trftVoUer, Ur. Lucan, who 



Sup of rivar- ?mio}, thun l» uab ABpawoTa milca in Tti touJ kn^ p irp lu 
iUrrt Syumu) nhiL^ti is jiD]ABsablo, aad that S mUa* le & laLlM north a\ Duflii.* 

<t| empfttulalo tlw Bfiyil f^wf^phJcMl fioi'li^E; on tho bcL that Anct fif irn 
Mknn hai MtUed tho aboit: iub^ruUu;^ iiu«livQ. 

" I am, ita-, 

' AceonUaff lo UUy n^vi thia tr&TolLor hav rctumrd to %n't 



I 



ilTr Vcunfi KijptdHiim> 



cxcvii 



^ 

^*h 



ft Kn^lvul in iKa uTitiruin W(jl!-eqnipp<>d» ftnl tbcicngbly lin- 
ed witL tbo njkiril uf cuplomlbh, vrrit«H tg mo from KliiirtoEtiu. 
rdAlf> tholltUof Fubruttrj, to tho following i'fl*ct; ''I hopo 
1miv« thin in nhont a monfli ft^r tW nnLr-ol-OtL'^lIc, following 
'r- SobweiuTuitU'ei nmtt^ tu Miiniu, uud fcon; tTL<^D^n 1 ulutll nn- 
vcur to fitid tLo L(>ad'Wfttora of the Uou^, by m^TcKiDg duo 
nth until 1 rciooh tho latitude of d^<-, ofid lh«u nlunnj^ my 

Attothor Eipi^Ktjui: whloli pivimtMn] wi.4] tuiit, 1 itm Kirty to luiyt 
otonn nn timely ond. Th« CatLolic Aichbuiibcif of ALgivrv wrote 
DA in thd ttUluiim. ituit having for nmny yctm oultivalotl toU- 
^tii the t;iljU6 uf tbu Nuitiitun Satiirfr, and tntAbI JhIhaI 
■monj^at them 20^ miloa beyond tUo Frcncli frvntier. lio 
1VU about to d&[jn1o tlir^ of hin bent tjUiUified vcdo^iobtics to orow 
thb DoAOii diiucl lo Timbuctutr, p^illy fur miMiouiLry jiarputKBi, nnd 
pirtlj to cciUoot inloTiLiiition rcgaTdiu^ tlto ojuhIt^' und jtti jnkttbi- 
tjiata- We cheeifully »«ttTdL'd him our Kj-mptithy, and t'xproMwl 
-our int^rrrvtt in ilia attixVHH {»r tbo eni.ir|>rihv. Tiilultigtnoti, buw» 
r, luu jcut r«fMjh<d Enffland Uub tUo Ihi'co youn^ |jn«al« huvo 
^1 htbijudud 111 tliL? DoBvrt, und tbcir fuijowci'tf plundcicd and 
disp«rHMl ; ^ luirioiiA hhw hiding fhiiB gjvon to any fiuther attempt 
M oaploration in thifl qiurtcT' 

As a but-off to thifl fmpu oTont, 1 may ooogntulato tho Socioty 
■<m the TDT-y ftuurj»hing ootKlition of th^ tettlem^Mt of LLvjngntouia 
oa Lako Nyowo, wliero our • ild A»oci«[e, Mr. E. D. Voitng, ia doing 
good eurrioi} in tbc uauuc of dviImtion« and fmtrt whcuoo cro long 
^n» fflfty cifiect to i<ecatv9 flonie viLluabk* ailjitionfl to out GoO' 
gnphicBil knuwh'dg^ Mr. Young Kiictea^fLitly luutiolietl his Utile 
0Ot«vr-Bkaujc-ri Ilakt, on Ibo watt^is of iKia gii-at Luko. bo long flgo 
OctofioT loAt; and the miAaionai^' party whom he had in lud 
43hug^ nra Tiow startled n«ar tlie suiilh-we^t ramm' of the Lake, at 
C^po HaclEar.* Wliilut ixscurdiu^ tho &ucca«a. so fur, of thia under' 
taUogt ^1^ must not forget that tJ^oorcJitof it^ lirtt inaoption i» 
^U to Dr. Jaoi«8 £t«wart, the o1d ecmipiinioD of Dr. Livingttone on 




J ;1l LLi^ jm^De wit Lute reciui^ ft lotWf 

:i.Li '. L'l! Ji I <iV in iyIu^^L he HiinaijnMia kigtnnDQM 



iLf 



ftd d»aiiiiHvi^ii<'<L Q\ lLjii l^J.u. jLi Lu<. JUhi. A urvi mt«r«(tind dbeowy ha* 
fivaid«d bb oITViru rb« [nko jiFi7i>« to fAt«n4 lUU ml4>i fnnlirr north than 
I|MB|lti1ifia brlLcvrvl: tbfl «onvar0nfE >^OTcJ non bf Lltin^itonDi toaii{iart|rr 
ani nippcHnl li.v lliim t» iiuUtvic dio iinl uf tkc liikOi lurnlii^ out U> bo nanowL 
bvjoiu vhk'U tln< ■iilc'.rnHJ ftraU'WuliT k* ^mltt mihtiiiU, ib J roiukM IPfiCTor 
wtb Ulituclp, Xn bnttnm wnn /'iiiiie) with IOC fallirpfmi fpf linn ; and h Ijnf mTipi 
-OJ moantaiDf, lO.WO to ilf^OUU fm; bigb, liiif Ltlijng thv imrlb-Tut^rn iJio^HL 

VOL. M.VI, O 



tho Shtrf iluriDg Llie Zambein Bipedflion. T!ie E«t&bltched Chnrcb 
ofScutUuiJ an> novB«niling out a strong r^rt; cf mon, with a fine 

■ifcilinK'boat^ built t>l'tttucl by Mr. Yorrow, *(» form ft freab nt^tion on 
It* Lak<>, and tlie l^ree Chnrrh re'mfnice thU |wrty with now 
Yolautoerv. A uuw Ejipeclllloti Ioa ubci 1h>«q oiieaulM.'d by Mr- 
H. B, f .ofitorill, tho *on of the preiscut Hbhop of Kdirtl:»urgh, vrlitt m 
vi4?w of ffQ^liiu^^ o lUimorcial ent^rjinHe from LiviTij^tcmia ftm^Jug 
the tribes along tho sUurea of tLu IaIlg, «« well ud in (be Interior, 
ilid tbtai introduoiag tho otJy c3ccUtc rotui^dj f^r (he sUy&-tTnd<t. 
1iUb«)yr Ugitioute commerce; tbe g^ntlQiniLn in qi}i^tii>u,tpliam we 
hftVflin]pj»1ied wiUi n few iuNi.rumirnIs, isaoonttboui, folcuveKrglftTid. 
Ilu bofi b«on fuiiiiHbcd, &» a gift from W oM papiK tlie Uatiow 
boya, with a large steel bwit for nnTigAlin|^ thv Jjihc, Uo ataHA 
nnAnr fen- f-ivtmrnLle fiimpiw^B ; iiti*! we sbiiH nwint the Tf«i]lts of 
bin trnveU aixiuml Litke Njuaxu wilb ItiictertL uud hr.i|>e. 

fioforo <»DQoluding tlieec remarks on the enbjoot of AfrtfJOf 1 tQUist 
nay A Tain worda rvgiirdiiig iho rvmurlcnble jciiirnfey of Dr, Ste^rv, 
ov«rluDd Uj Ijtkv NysMu. Doajjuiuof fullowing ujj Df. Living- 
Btonc'a worh in tbie dir«etion» and a(?oompanioil by LiviugMtone'tt 
fild Morvant, Chrimftb^ Dr. Ste^t^ imilorl^uk thin joumcyof ttoaxa 
600 mi]rh(;ii £>ul, for tb^ jmrpoH? uf ^initing MHtaI(M,t,liu furuiDotiiil 
cJutf of the Wniycro tiibo. Hq landi^J at Lindy tb\y. on Lb>^ Eaet 
Coast, and Blruf^k blltuhm for tbu Sovuiuk, n-aubiug MutUui'ia hothd- 
quarterly wbtcb b« found fji lie in ibe very heart of Lbe grr^at hUvo 
|]n.'fiei~ve of E&at Africa. Ta Apite of tlio proU^itAliijiiN uf tbo A^ub 
fcbkve-doal&rn, Mataka «if>roHsed a wUh to b^ivo oomo of tho Kn^liib 
1o reftidi« aciang hie people^ and it i» now HiHbop Slfviro'ii object to 
u^UljIiAb a UnivorBi tics' Mission Station at thi? chlfffa plaiw* 

CoscLtrfiiiiv,^Genllemon, I bare now brought my Kuport oa tho 
progTDM of Ocograpby duiiug tbo past yt^nr ki au Mid. Thu 
BcfKut is not porbajtQ i^to oe oorapruboneiro as ii»iud, owing to 
V4riotU aooidentil oircurastances — aucb at tlio uun-umvcU of intel- 
ligencofrom India, Unj nWmiMj of uiir Honorary Si^crelnn'^ii, and tho 
prc-oooupation of my crvm time; but It will. I tj-uj^d, butu convey^ 
to the FoLlovaa auffioioritly clejir idea of thuVoat cxtcnaiou and 
imporUnoo of onr fivoui-ile euienae at the pTes«Dl dsy. Not oiJ}", 
iodevd* &!>; Expi^diliona boing orgama«d for expluruti^ry puqiows 
by Oovommanls, by piibliu bodies, and by privaro individuala, in alt 
qil^tenc of the globe, hut new Societiea ore alao MpHngiug up>with 
rvory jnilitatiozi of atiifiigtb and Tigour^wblcb boareridenceto the 



I 



ConcXu^^^ 



cxcix 



growing domoDd for (tcographical infonaation, and whioh m^y oadli 
h% «xp»9t«d 10 f>rtii iv. the future ft miolean of inUUigrnt pt^atArch. 
Vh^ SijdAU Rhwliviftln odtahlljihoil nt Oiura imddT tho Prcnidcucj 
of JJr, SirhiroiiifuitK, has tbud olreftdj token a Hgii plaoo &Taong 
OocgT«pbicul fluthoi-iticH. axid W6 h4Y«i b««ai inviud vitbin thota 
Jnw dnyii tu noco^iso now iniilitiiti»nii«t Madrid and LUboii wiich 
promiao to reviTo Uic glories of tho old daya of Spaniah and Porta- 
gitiM« diBOOv^ry. Tbnt Iho Royal G^o^phical 80CU7 of Ix^ndon 
hu bcwi mainJj infltminnntal in croaiing imd dcToToping tliin 
efilrit of roawircli (uuiiot bo doubted. Wo haTe tnoourngod tl»o «x- 
plorattm:! of utikii'>wn rcpione by ovory moftoi in our powor. Wo 
havio iiaportidly bcatowod oar mo^ali nnd rovrardB wbcPo\or Gh>- 
^ntpbiuul murit (.'r^iut- tu tho frunl. irreHpoatiTe ijt vmid ur nuv. 
and wo aro now rcapitif tbo fruita of our lon^ yot^ra of 1alK>iir, — 
Moing flj w» do on tba one ndo the incrouod atifinttcai whioh* in 
doferenoeto lias feelini^ of tlie Age. ih everywlivu' jtaid Tn Geo- 
l^phj in ilti> t«achint|; of tho young, i^rid «oci£)^ on tb« other tlie 
gonomi roFpcct vritb whioh onr augg«etioiii uid advion an) Irantcd* 
not only by t1i«i (scivemaL'cT uf tTui4 iM)uritry iind our gr<-AT. vdiioa- 
ticmal eatabIuLm«»l0, but by jmbHo opinion thiou^liout Emopo 
aad AvnoHcAH And it muy farther 1m> of iiit<vnflt to thn Fcllowe 
of our Society to know t)iiit» in iriisw of tbo ruooj^iKOd iioportttnco 
of llm filudy iff ri^yMijil Hw^grHphy.^i hUidy whii^li^ *llioijgb irlwirly 
^thtn the aoiTjpo of nur opomtioDA aa defined by our (l^hfirtcr. haa 
b*on hitherto ccmpttrutivoly noglwted, wo are now oonndaring — 
nt tht!i iiJHti^tii^ri uf certufn fumttb^m of i.ini' CoaTiHl» fj^nerriT 
3tra<ohi?!y nnd Mi- FranokA Gullon, whi^«e unV^rla ia Ihia dir(^<.^tioL; 
it ij only propor thuo pnblidy to ocknowlodgo — th* propriety of 
tiutituiiTig *i>«cfHl fowardH, and even ^fitiihliKhing leottrrea in order 
to proinoto tVio diirujiion of kuowledgo ui thie hrtinuL of Geogra- 
phical iicicncc, and to uncoorttgo ita more si^-nlomntic CTiHivAtloi), 
Owing tc tho ^O04^nt hoavy pre»*iiro of other bueineAa. <mr oonaaitd- 
ttona on thin bend liuvo not yet uauiuod any dofinito form, bat it is 
probable* tbat tbo pliuun will vnry nhortly bo matnrad and duly 
ooTQtiinnioated to tb« FoUuwt, 

And na\r, Ountluuicn^ br^furo I clvw my AddmEca. T mtmi agikhi 
remind yo« of !!»• dobl cf ip>ititodo ivhicb wo owe to iho Senate of 
tto Univoniityof I^ondon for thi^ir oontinncKl liborality tn gniEititig 
nit the iiflo of thiK !ul11 f<ir our KvisTkiug MwtitigK, On all ordinary 
uooisious it timply BuffiocH fjt our waut*. Ou CitnHTdiimry ocui- 
eiooa — anob oa our rooe&t Mootiug to woJoomo Li«ut*Tiaut Cunioron 



<c 



^ IL 0. Kavukeox'^ Aiithta. 



— no puljlio building m thu fjfrMt taotropolie, which ia AvuLiblo to 
our UM, it Urge *noiigh to afford (Mwjmmodntiati for the thouAfttJiU 
who tiiv outltldl Uf Ai^ininBioix. TrfliApA lu the fulucas gf ihao, 
cither throoKh tho iibvriklity cf tbo GoTorumoul, ur lij thu hulp of 
*>me vtWLllhj- fri^nrtft lo Geography, who iBuy think ihci flcicntilto 
oducttlioii uf tho public to bo (&• inucli an objoct of naticjn&l im' 
porUnoo «0 the formation of rioh galUricfi of art, vrt may ha prd- 
Tided with a hall of our own mtited to cur larg^t reqniremenu ; 
but ill fhi) oieau tinm we thuiLkfaUy uckiiuwLjJge the eoli^tcntHl 
aid of the Univomty ol' LgiadDti, and wo must bo oontont on rmre 
oooacioufl to submit to soma inooaveuienco oud ovcai duappoint- 
tn«iit. 

OcQtlcmon, the tiiao la now conjc whoi^ I liavc to take n fonanJ, 
Aad probuLly a liii&l loavo of ^v^ju, I Lato becti fi>r ^:j yuin tt 
m*mlifr of this Socirty ; for 2i» joars. with very few 1>reii)E8t 1 haro 
nerved U|xjii yoLu^ djuiioil, and 1 hjtvu liuw prcsidt^ £vo tiuiu* at 
your Anuivcrwujry Mottiitge. Tho gi-oator purt W my sparo tiiao 
■iuofl I rcturood from the Kiut haa tlL^ia been devoted to your sor- 
vicc, aiiJ I am pruud to ata-lG t>iii.t my numt ugitL^ithk' mcniuricHi ura 
MaOoitttfjU wittj thu ^rowLiig ijruepiTLty, and nhat I may aiOw (a11 
tho aiwrod uuccoiiiB, of tho Geographical Society. But timo Bl«aU 
on; lam not as ac^tivti i:i miTid ut hudy na X. was : and t* 1 llnd th« 
COUtiDDod direction of your affaiis lo bo hardly ooiopntihla wifh iho 
difleharRO of othor dutimt oonrcttod with my pnb)ic offieo, 1 am 
obljgwl to luMiTur itiy nwlgnation of lln? pchht uf rraKidant, And I 
havti iLe kv4» IjveitaLion in now neking fy>t luy idiMAVt that £ tua 
ttblo to transfer my funotionu into tho hands ^;'f a geutkman who 
to groat expc>rit^rK'4* in thu ¥.asx, »ud a good pruoiienl uoquaintAtioo 
with It8 Ovograpby, unltuM the ttinJIGoaiiou cf a ptirTiwt man of 
butinoiu. a iicholar, and n diplomatist In elooting Sit Uutborford 
Alorxjk to bo your Pr^di'Ut. ai:d in surrounding him with the 
thtjroiighly vffluient Ci.>miuil whupo namos :ip]H!iir on thfi balloting 
liat which Lah jnat ("eicoived youi iipproval, you have obLaiuvd the 
boat poi0ibl« gimmntoo for tho eitccosbful manugUTJiont cf your 
a6^ir« daring tho ^naning roar. I shall always bo glad mywlf to 
^vis any udvico or tUKiBlanco Ihnf niay ho requirud. iLud I Uunt 

that th(' ivhul« body of Follows, iii our cummou iutereHt> will accord 
to tbo IJonnciL am at prcxont conjititutod thoir foUost oonlidonco lUjd 

fiUppOTt, 



■~.''J 




I. — Joum*y acrou &e Yaiiia Jahdl^ in Ht^ Samjnfn' of 187S. 
By \\\ U Wattb. 

U n TAmnrkAbli? fitcri, tlmt jjlUioiigh thm ieTaii«J is not inon> 
than -lUO milt^ from ouf own .sh^ruK, it coal^iiis do k's thmi 
fwm 3tJ0f> to lOO^J wiimriT iTiil»?n, iintil reeendv untrodden by 
Ih© foot of tnmu 1 nit^r to tl>o Vfitno Jokull, and a mu<ih 
lurgef lirea loilieixirth of it Hhk-h had never 1w«a iiivo«tigftt^. 
U WA8 to thtt dutxict that my w;>rt£ tliie yoar was prinoipallr 
aonfitii^l, and it w U> lh» J^kullM, (jr irr nunmUinA of TcelAnJ, 
ilafjallB, or mcmnUib/; dc^litiit^of aayfrozeu coTomi^. to^rthcr 
with tbc Lithcrto uaintwitj^'alcd districts to the uorlb uf the 
VftLna Jokuli, ilmt our attention ^ill tliia fvcuiuff lh> ilirocted. 

It hofl been a matter of i^arpriso t'j m^ that ultLoii^'L wc* hnvr 
«xtendud our resii^iiri'lieH to tiiopt of th« princn|ifll tiiouniain- 
oboinaof Iho wortd, tho gmnrl JokuUsor Iceluud. iviih toIcmijc 
flx«i mill Kiuouldrring U^utvtli tlirir icy AiirfAco, should be I^ft in 
tliftlr froaon solitudes to be visited only by tlio fojc nnd tho 
aturiu, oud tbat we should [igrM?,f« no dvdnibi aci^uEiut of tluixn 
ToJtMnio wiJdiTm«uH.-!i which He immodiauly to Uio north of 
Vattta Jokull. 

Comwniing thisdi»trirt thewildrwl glories bave be»>a frurrent ; 
tradition him Wnilud do^n the suppcood cxiatccco of festile 
ralleys in tJie lieart of Vatiia Joktill. ain<l of oiitlnint liirktn(f 
omongrt tho Jai>'a cmcs of th^ Odaia-hmiin. To this didtri^t 
lilt? roloiiiif; foreua of Icehkud appear tji ]/it«* years to hftte 

TOL. XLVl. S 



9 



Tt\'ATTS'^ JouTi\^ acro^n tUs Vcttui JshtttI, 



^itncmcd in tlic Vatna Joknll and in ito imntediatc uci^hbour^ 
hmxl, Ihe wnl of tiieir oL'eu^^Mlt'^> uutJl tliia y^ur ltH« ut«vet Ijbc-d 
visited. The object of iny Jato c^pcditioD waa to croes tiio 
Ji^kuU 1T1 nnW tt> (^<titriii[im ^lint it rrnllv i^>iims(«cI ut, lo 
eiumae ih& ^loeaUte ^vaete to tho uorth oi it, itod viait the 
vtilrjinorjf wliiVli rniptrrl m Tu?Ii>ctlv in tho bfEimung of tlm 
preBi>Til yt'ur, imu of whi<^h liad HTOu;:nt j-»DDtideruble du3iioj>e in 
tho nortaof Icclandp 

U|>on ray urrivKl in ItreUnd I proceeded firrt lo exenijiie the 
oclYanoini; glaciers cpon tbc t^>utb of tbo Vatna JokuU, and I 
round thnf, the pnrt of iLe VjiId^ kiio^ii m Brt*itli»iiit<rUr 
JykuU, bud K'a^iitly advoiicod lo Eueh an extent ae to lliMateu 
to cut off all CO miuuai cation oJoug tliat jiart of the Boutbcm 
^boris 4>f loc^Iund, 

By June 23i-d uIJ my men hiid assembled. 

Prrbiipw a bnVf dpscripIioD of tbe nectesary ^qpipineiit for an 
expedition of thits kiud may not be cut of place. Evcrythiiig 
hafl to be dra^rg^l iiiion bdnd'^Ieigb*! ; you nroy, iberefore, wip- 
pcAO that our iruvclliiifr K^^^ ^'^ nxhicod to tbc simpLest ncccd- 
MtieH uf exiHti^iJce. Tbe imni liu\h\t\isiii |riei.'i.« <if fiiniHun* (vhk 
OUT bwl, R largi* ploi?pint^-bag >* feot by i>, c^tie eido mtuic of a 
laytT ijf Cfjrk mid frh rorirn.il ivifh indin-nibbcir, and tbc ritber 
Hidi>of thick blanki?tJDQ[ cov^<Te<l nJtb mackintoftb : tbis ba^ na^ 
opCD at both cndn, ho tbat tliroo tnc^c coidd lie Aitb tbctr beads 
one way, and tlireti* tvith their heaibt thi* ulber Y-ay. A buud 
tvhicb covered each of tbo oponin^a c.oujploted our eloeping 
iirniri^iimriilA, Jtnd thus wi- bad liininirmilHtictn for nix jmrwmn 
nitb a weight of only 501bB. The wannest metho<I, and tbat 
irhich 1 invariably use for camping id the snow, is to dip a 
A<]uare b*>l(» 3 or 4 fL*i?t deep, over uhkb I pilt-b a t*u3t un!y 
'6 feet big:b: al tbo bottom of tbis hole tbi> £le^[.iin^'-baK is 
ptflced. Uiir jmi^'iKioi] conHiKted i>f ptimmiom In Hkin \ingti, 
bttticri bi^uit, oondoDBod soup, ohocoUite, ^biaky* whiob, with a 
good iiii|iply of rifitbtw and mouiuwina, f,o";ilb<'r wilb the n(X".cfr 
sary impfeTncutd and instruments, t^omplettd my ^nipment. 

On Jane 24th, accompAnied by twolvo Jceluuders, 1 eet out 
f^m Ni]]>ahid,a fiirm uixm tb(« i^outb hutn^ of thu Viitnii JokuJl^ 
rtiid ppoceuded on borselMirk up the weet aide of the valloy of 
th<' Uiup^, which river finds iu way over a Invn^trcom ilowirg 
from thij VtLlna Jdkull. 

Ilavinf^ ikri'ived at the foot of the Jukull, I sent back my 
boT«es undor th(f caro of two mcji, and os it wae now cTenin;^, 
conuudnied the aaL^rut of the innjni nmm iM^fciri* mi». 

The JokuU nt tbie point lart yenr was a cperafBod placic?r, 
the siLrfacc of vbicb was cuTcrcd fvitb ai^iillcs and huniniock* 



in tftff SvmKKT 0/ 1ST5, 



3 



oFnudanJ ic^, nuwnll iracosof thegUcterwereburiefl beikdath 
■a TMt occnmuliLtion of «now. I wnn Mv, hovrorcr, to tuo lajr 
steighiE, but llift snow wha very aollt, bo thiit our prograu wm 
■couMqucittJy difticult imd sloir. After about three hours it 
begnn t» hhow )i(itvt]y; nml ilk ni^ hud n»t dmio jl Imil iIji^V 
"Worb, I decided to eootiiup, six of ua occupying thi> Blcopin^-'Ui^ 
1 hare (Irawribed, otid lour, ^ho were to accQEnoaDy ti» only n 
ihurt wflT, TDiir^e ihemaolTo* a^^ oomfortabk- m tliot could with 
m^ and macldiitoeh coata in ftoul of tho Wat» 'I^lia moming 
bri>i]g)it only fog and cnov, btit f» I knr^w tbo locMiJity pri'tty 
M-ell from my frrcTioua ^ttetnpttf^ 1 di-dd^ to adTunce, After 
one hour's dragging, the fug and thi^ Htonn incieoHcd, mid in a 
ftliort time* th^ Hnow wcis $0 deop and itoft that it vlu imponiblu 
U> (?frt tlmju^li itt hej I wuA mmpell^ to liaH till tli« Aurfiac^ of 
tbo mow WFu; Bufficiently ^xon to boar ue. Weathor dQar<f(l 
in tbc rrcaing, and W6 «igai& Advanced; but llio nnov bj ihid 
time was up to the tnoos. Seeing I ww* tiring ont iny m<;D 
(Mkd as H Wl bc^m to freeze, tli<,' probability wn.-< tnat in 
about twtt buiii'fl till! vrnAt wouUI l>d ftim cnoug^i to tnivel utt), 
1 «eKin btdtod, and oasting up a bank of saoif lo windward, wo 

tVTMd ill. 

It WQB biHorly ouId,but liii:i almosphor© wo* vK»ry oli^ar, My 
theriQoii^oter /egifeleied 2U^ Fiihr, ot froat. By 3 a.m. wi^ wen.* 
again undor weigh; it waa ti lovely moming, t^i* wind ncrtb- 
ir«t> And aa the sun illuminated the EDdguiiiccnt «ii>w-fllopeft 
<*Ti*rytJiinff seemed to promia^ ^ne weather and Hucrcas, 

Tho dleigh traroJled morrily along the froacii aurfcii.^ of tho 
BDOW until wo rea^h^l t}ke mountain 1 la;^ veAr nameil Mount 
Pitul — oltt>r my Ii^-od mnti wlio acoomptuiifMl mo, both at that 
tiuiH aud u[iotL thtH ori-d.sion. Muuiit Paul in a duller uf otie? 
laim and nereral smftllor omin^ne^fl, ri^iing to tbo height of 
160 fiset aboYc the piiTtcfundrng anow, Laftt roar I ohwrvcsl 
tbnt it rofio diieclly fh^m a Urger crater, which n'as cow ^led 
vitbsiK)w,a«i:m]cin:ular pit boiag thawed out by the radiatJon 
of tliA ffun's tuy* l>om the Mmth Hide of tlie mountain. Hora wa 
found ftn obujidaiit supply c^f xvater. Tbo mountain is composed 
of wietieB of obeiOijin, vurjing from n highly vilti^ufl ohjiidiuu 
to the f^T&y elony variety, BpooinLena of which 1 have before 
mo. One ]>ortion of the mouDtdo consisted of vitrooue obfidiai^, 
oemeiitjng together multitndee of tho eoncrationary forma, coili- 
mouly known &s aphcruiite. 

At tliiH point I »?Dt buck four of my men- The weather was 
exocrable, iinU for two days it wad utterly imiwasible i» proccfd- 
My compaMi bad for .Home time been alino->t uselehui. In tbiok 
Weftlheronr»ha3togtoor princi^lly bv iho wind ; in lino went hpr 
A drcuUr piec» uf curd, mAriitnl »!]' luto four ri^ht angh^s la 

B 2 



i 
i 
i 
4 



tito bt*jil ^mpft*s ; sti diiit by e^jusfiuitlv lAknig the beoriiitf cif 
lUo miliar position oi all dietiagtjisbiibU' pomU* one ia abfo to 
ri^H'r II jirvity ^truight i^ours^> In fjiit,^ of tlk^ (Iei*]>enii)|^ nnnvv 
we now pWJud cu, buing com|x?IJoa U> n^st ubout erury quartt^r 
of a mile to Iftkc breutli, avi to clear a^&y llie suour from tbe 
front <jf ^Lir sUsglis. We now eiiooutiton^d a viobot stonii, imd 
Vfidooa cculd hoc cotliiug but twirliufj cluuds of buow, whii?ii 
TnLppod tbt^niat'tTes itroutiil us in si^rn a manner that ir^ wg& 
impoHAiblo to <li8tin^ni3li from what quarter tht^ wiud wa& 
blowing. 1 therefore Ejilcliud i^aiiip. but mt\] great ilifltcullv, 
for thct drifting enovr HUod np tho holo Almost jls soon as il 
wati dug. 

The Btorm continued for two days, diirinK which time I put 
every erne uiK>n iLhort mtionA. On thi^ tKir<[ day I ^u uble to 
take an ob&ervation. I perceived tuo black conieul mountains 
of no ^reat ht-L^hi: one about 5 milcB due nortti, ami the other 
abuul 11 miles noi-th-wehL 

Froim thifi point 1 obtained an ezciellont view of the Vatnn 
Jokall Ilou.iid, am] tbt^ KtJow-(H)Vi?D!d ridg^ Ii^iuling np ti> ii» 
cone werQ perfectly diecemible : they are probably lava-^tream^n 

An cxteuEive eruption mast be Jippalliug from these vqIcoqik'^ 
when any great amount uf lava is tjucl^ upon these vait aovu- 
cnulotionsof Jceand^Dow; but miucreruptiunaan'IfimaLlBtrcibia^ 
tjf lava probttbly mako but little impression. The wind iinfoi** 
tunately soon shifted to t1^ old qntirter. and wc U> oui«. This 
W8« cjtwip^nitini^ to the last dogrtjp. Towanls miibii^'ht, *\ft-or 
a brief (^itiBultatiou with Paul, 1 t^dd my men it wjia ol no uete 
lying atill uiiv longer; and aa the nleighH cuilM iiut travtd. 
e\<krythin^ mub-t be vuule intA> pai'h^ nnd cjirrit^d on the buek ; 
no, Iciiring fiur sleighs U-hind. m/m fitarteiL wiwiing through tho 
deep, loose, hettvy snow. UnlortunFiteJy two of my men ln*catTi« 
iiJ, whioh oimpolled m tvicain to liolt. I'be next night we wore 
fkvoured witli a sevL^it) I'lijrf^ 1 therefore sent tw<» men Ifnt-k 
for one of the tjleigb^; «erred out eumo of Pc'ck and Frean*tt 
metit-bidcuita. and when we started again wer made pood pro- 
gron Dortliward. A io^ shut down upon us, but tlie rim of tho 
ann waii ucnusiouuUy visit^li^ through itr antl briglit tbg-bowa 
breuftht up the rear to windward. 

\\€ cncAmped just in time to gain shelter from a hurrifjuio 
And anuw-Alurm, »u^h ub I hud never before.' \hwii i?i[>useiL to. 
We wcTO at a hoight of (iloQ foot Wo took aix hours' stcop, 
und, QU looking out* fonnil tlio i^tornt biid cnl)si<hr'l ; and for a 
moment the fog lifted, showing tUreo dark mountains to th'> 
north — doubtless ^kjivldbroiiJ, llerdubreid, and DyngjiiljolL 

'Ihe »totm *oon retunnid with rodoubk-d I'urj', I "n* a;^ain 
obliged to put OTory one upou half-rations, and at inlet^rals it 



I 



in f/'i? Sranmar tyfim^y. & 

tomul A ranu ont to cWr nwitv l^o ahciw fnmi 
of our t«itt> to prdvent it broakiu;: iiyyvu. Il was a 
Irving time, ipng we&lhOT-lioiiiid in tli^t b\eA moimtaiit-mgion, 
with proviitionK growing \tm iiiid loM. For throe dayB and 
uighia the ptlilen Alorizi brnt upon oar Bical) encjiiiipment, but 
OO tbo inomJag of tlio fourth <ky onr hoprJ nivivnif ; th^i fury 
oC th0 atorm had Iwnt^ji tLe ttuavr hard, and, iLiXn at-rvin;:; out 
SMBft wnrm noiip, F riirerwd everything to Iw packed up v'tth 
tto utmost eipeclitmn, 

AVe ascended for a ahort flmtaiice, and then t^trni^ht away 
^^Mmnnenood to do«oend, ond piteonttjr at «o rapid u rttti? ttut I 
oldiged to order tLiuo men to go Uihiud to prevent the 
fitUD ftUning on it* own acconnt for tho bcttora of the 
Ltn, Baddvtily the clouds cleared awoy before titi, di«-- 
lonn^ a deep valley at our feet, and a black racninlain Fftreaked 
^Tritb anew at our right Wo continued our couwc (ill it Ic^^nio 
olrviiiim tlml v« muld m> no further in ihlw din^itJmi viiih the 
^«igfa; so, ocCDEnpaikied by Paul, 1 went forward to explore^ 
cold hem wiw intni!*r. I felt it Knvrrrly. Aftrr hnviug 
warmed by helping lo drag ilia sleipfh, mv handa, whicE 
bcfin oWige^i to nncovor to take out my field-gUw, began 
(ofreeie, so 1 ordiTi^d two of my men !t' beat iliem with their 
bauda, iicd directed the otJKir throe to put spiked iron clampa 
upon tbdr fi.^et, tluit Ihey iniglit Hl^^a^lv the sleigh. WilJuJU^ 
thi« prooautiou we should moat likely liavo ended our career, 
aleigli and all, by an abmpt descent into the \iilley liene^tlt, 
Unletf we liad been itopped by Home of the ugly crevice.-* that 
twirfd h(Jf«av dowu the siwwy eteep, upon the procipitoua 
slippenr sides of which w& were deiic<*ndii»^, Xf\»>n r<iu»li- 
th« valley, wij found tlio wind had lilleti it with lij^ht 
pulverised hjow, i.hroiigh which it wb>j most difltciilt to force 
our way; aa wo wero idl thoroughly tin?d^ i doouW lo halt. 
IVtf rt^rted a f^^iv lioura, and a^iu proceeded, reachlu^ tlie 
i>orth«m baso of tho Vatnix Jokult, leaving behind um iu 
mysteriOQs reoeBses aud volcauoi^, so carefully guarded from 
intrniion bj^ eloom and «torro» The auow h«re Ifmninated in 
ecrica of ridges and cblT? of ice, in oonic inst^inces eo oovcrcd 
with d^bnb lis to be in jio wuy distln^uiuhuble from the neigh- 
bouring hills. Itefore ub» immediately to Uic north, roft? a 
4?lu)(l'*r of nionntains, from which great (juantities i>f ivtfjuu wirrt? 
nuDg and hoyerini* above tlieir snnmiila in a huge mushroom- 
duipcd cloud; to our left and nonh-wert lay ft widcJiprr-nding 
Iava Held, armii of wldeh KtrotcLed auiouj;; tbo nai^fibouhn^ 
itains like a troubled oeeau cf ciudery stone; patches of 
Hack iwn*l at lnt<Tvidji brokn thr oontfninty of tbw trm?t of 
~ kVOr and ouluunatod lu a doetert atiLl farlher to (he uorlh^^a^t i 



6 



WattsV Ji>amsy arrotf /Ac Vatna JJi^isS, 



bevood all, the woijd fonna of firc-wroiip[lit mountains formod 
n ntting background, tboir rudo cntUii(?s rendered still more 
Ufieoutu imd grim by iKa Jiervi> *U>ra;K of Agojt. A Titigc toitgiio 
of 0ajdc-T at thin i>oiiit w&pi down to a di«tA&c« of ^miue 

tii« map puilidhod W Ol^f^u in 1811, Irum » survdy madu by 
Gitu&JttiigMOD iu 1835. 1 beit> o&iight Ai^lit t^'f Snceft-lb nnd 
upon talcing iU bearings witU the smokinj; moanljun}!, vhicb 
evidently' wunj tLr D> n^jufjfJIl. I found ihnl inatrad of bf?iiig 
At ihe kv^rkQ^ll, whicb was tb& ^mt I had itit^nd^ to ittriko, 
I yiM upon tho etui »dc of KiatufcLJ, about or 10 miles 
Airtb«?T lo the wott. We i^«re asronished at b^ii^p unable to 
«oo oDytblDg; of tbo Jtikuls^^ which, ajjioti iiiinnUng^on's toap, 
n««i at the foot of KiKtlifidl. I>f!*n'uilm^, ho fmiiiJ OTir**.'ivts 
in Ik largo watorcoiiis^ ocoapied, licnovor, by an iDsJgDiGi.'aut 
rtrparo, which wo rn*nly wndotl BrrrwN Nu doubt this was 
fonncrly tbo bod of tho J^kiiljiil. Tho ^laok-r bad advanced 
completely otct the roiito taken by Oimnlaug»9on in 1535, 
thu» divorthig tbo ^^ourse tif tins rht-Tf wliicb now rises m Bov(>ra] 
iirms from the cxiivmJtv of thia glacial toD^e> At this time 
wn hnd Huircely more tnaii two days* provfuintiB l<?fl, no a Biries 
of forcod miuvrics wvto nooessary iu ordor to n>iich tho noitrc^ 
iartu, >ix» GriiiiKtadir, Hli-ei-ijig due uuilL, mo titJH&ed n (j^nmp 
of low votcADic hjlJa, whir.'li wero not markod upon tho map; 
bevond theAo biy a desert of blnck suml, nlilch the lava of tho 
Oo^dahrnnn hod intoned at its si>urh-wi?et comor. Iu tho 
middle of (bis nnall drt^rt rose four ec*:riitnc-l™>kitig nnincnoeff. 
miTTOUnddd by a considerable lava field, the frreaUr porlfon fif 
vhicb mks buried in tbo e&ndi n closer opproac-li abowed tlwm 
to Imi Kinall vi'h'nmH'H ; these nn? *it^»ited lit all pnilml>ility njif>n 
a fiffiure in tbo oentro of tho plain. I moclion tli^iu en u^oount 
of tboir ^timilnrity Ui tho vidc-ac«rea wliioli bavo tretui fonni'd 
this year over tho flssure in tho MyvatoB-orcofi, of which 1 »hall 
epcaic prrsTDtly. The lava that issiicd from tlieae volcanoes 10 
Iwjultit*, or duleillir, arul boars a dte** resemhlance to tb" lava 
from the MytRtns-onofi, Tho ensuing morning we rt?achod tho 
main nrm nf tlir^ Joknlwa; hero I duridt^d on leaving my t^^nt 
and tho beaviof part of my bagguco^ mid strike for <>mni<t*idip. 
Being thiie loliorcd, we croBscd the I^^atlu (i>r blmJi nvti) Ut 
tho vatbulda HUIa. This river rlsc^ in tho |)yn|>jiif6ll, but is 
eoou loat ia tho eand, reA^ipearing aa tbe SvutIo, which woAhoK 
th^ voulb bnMt of tbr> \Athu1dEL. T!H>tb^ billfl, although of no 
gr*at lyij-ht* oommand an c.xtcneivf view to thr^ south towards 
the Vftlmi JObnII, vpbirh c*in be easily reached by fulWiug 
ono of two vallisys, bearing rcsperlivcly wurt- niid wutb-weat- 
Ftom heie I obtained ibt.* Qn»L good view of Kvorkfjoll; it 



in the Sumnwr t^ 1 875. 

i^rpMired to b& & cliijtttfr tif ouiii^til numiilHlnn, and one huge 
dutor on tlio north slopo of tbo Vatnut JokuJI. Thu; Lirgrr 
crihti-% iilt]t»iir;h £iiirtmll/ fiUix) niUi xuow, wjl« Miiokinj; ut 
llirco puiatri. 1>iit pniAeiitou no olhc-r ^^lu of auliiity. lijLvm;> 
pn^rcvcd about a milo iipoa tlio VatliftLJ^, wc were ik>oii iip<in 
the |>unQirw h'hleli wan ujeou^ brt i^prlng IVciiu the volcano of 
0«]^a-gja. it baa fimca m a line about 25 milo^ brood from 
Uu; ctfritrc; oi ttin ViiIIiaIiIjl t(i tho yr>ii(}i of Hunlubrcii] ; UiiM 
piUDioe has fa]l«ii frum OdIcja'-;ju ict a band of <.>u[itiniiAli^- 
exlcntling riuJii eaatw»T<l to llie n^^ftiali'^rf^ dLTitr^^ying in if» 
ooniee nix fnni:iL in thu JolcuU-dolr, umt injuring (jlln'i^ in the 
immciluto vicinity. Tlii» eUi^^H tiial tlie prot^alont ^viIldB dumg 
tile j*n»|>tion ol" OsUja-gjii raiirt hnv*? bven wjiiib-wesL Twcj 
Dightd oiU a day, witL »liurl iutt^raU of ti^\^ IroUL'Ut na to 
iho fftrry tif Grimstadir, where we ottairRxi >\ bout mid rrwieli*^! 
tbd farm of tliat nnme, Tbc joumor from Nu[Kstad in thu aonth 
to GriiUflUdir in llie uurtli, uiH:ujiit?d un sixU^u days j IveWa 
of wht<:b wero pa^M^ti fitncnf^ tho ro^ion^ et' per{>trttiid micnr. I 
bi-rt' n;indrk that tuptbiii^ cuuld t^xcecd thtj pLi^k. j)er- 
iric^, and olredioace of iho Ict^landerB ifho ac^oDipanied 
ithoat whom I could never have cro©«^ the Vatna 

Wc reetod for three daya, and then started for tho Od&da- 
farumi, in order lo inspei.-t llie volcano uhdiK^n iXxv^ \nn\\\i^ bad 
been ihi^ yc^ar erupted. It ia sitnaled in tlio eoutherD pcirtion 
of the D)ii*gufjoll MwiniWns. I lind hoen iinaUo *iithrr to hire 
or (jurclitise monj than Iwo b^it^ee, and aa my own hail not yet 
ariired from tho aouth we wore conjpelloj to start on foot, 
nsiufi tho two horsiw to carry our bagg;tgii mid liuy, ^p'^' 
oee£d acTQtti thu lava acid sand dosert of tlia Myvatna-orcen, to 
tbe little river cf Oravalaoda, iipcitj thn* bnnWu iif wliii^h^ and 
those of it* Dcigbbonr tSie Liii<ta> we fc>uniJ };ood fvod fur the 
Jionb4. It wiui ti|jciu the banks uf tlit-Mf rivura, beneath the 
shadow of the ^now^c^ipped Heri:lubri?id, that thu h\»t of 
tlw Iu4^bujdlc onthiw« found u shelter. Iltrdubr«id ia oae of 
the highest mountains in Iceland. The banka of tho Grava- 
]iuid& wero in plnj^ca thic:klv grown with birch and atUix, but 
tho larger wc)ctl wa* d^id: I baxw noticed this in iriaiiy other 
placid The hanks cfihelindiLaboaiided with ^n^c^i'<?a<iratorA(, 
the stem nnd iimU of wbicli uro dfcidisdly ^oixi to e*tl, 

A wciiry march acTOds lh<> pmnieo brought us to the littlo 
flesflcrrl rthefe oar tent had been left* Daring tlic first part of 
this maroh wo hrul Kutfared prL^atly from want of wai^r, but 
rcrtucmbmug thai tliu pumico had fallon during the wtDtcr, 1 
obtniried a coo-i supply nf unow by digging tlinju^'b tbt' puiuios. 
1 no^v acut hack thn^ uf my vticix with the hoiBOS and all supor- 



8 



Vi ATts''it JtMrurt/ acrOB* tite VtUmi JoJinIJ, 



tlumiJi Ingt^r, ^vith ill^L^tKlLuIl» to procure n Ti^i sap plj of 

IiruvutoUA, a&il to wail for me on thf- taDka of tike GravelnTiila, 
; *'c4iclicd" two days' prorieioLf and proceeded to the l>>-n^- 
jtifj61L I found tb«^ lucuntAiiu to cctisEst of u aeries of semi- 
detached acctioQ?^ eomc of which Imd broken out in ancirnt 
tttn«t, »nd ]>y iliWr uwif^iifif'jtiit hi^n-sLreuiuA hud hi?!|H<d Ut 
mvcil tho widely fxteTtdin^ Iav8 deeert i>r tho Odada-hraun. 

ThasB sections of rmivinljiinjt defic'tilu'd a hr-iTl-islmp.Ml f*>rni 
upon Iha «>uth, iccloem^ the- Askfa. Thin i* u Uiroi^eoruerod 

Siofift of eleTOtod land 4*XfO feet nJgh, about D iniles lijiig and 
or 4 miles bnmd; it is easily reached hy ii gk-n upon tlio 
iiorth-CAfit side of the DyngjuQoll Tha pntictpa] craU-r wlibh 
erupted tliii* year fa situuted in ihn aiiitli cfirnor of ttio Ankj™. 

The crater is iuclimi^d U|Ton tUo (ju-btorn aitcl wcrfcm aidea by 
mniitituiriH ri^in^ la Hiimd itifilaucea 1000 feet al>i)t'e the Aakja 
plain; they apprar shorn of their inimt i'acefi by the vioK^jico 
of thfi eruption, fotrung perpendieulur HifTs of grent height 
Theao oliffe are rapidly ullinK in flTalanchee of eione occurring 
at frequent int^^rvala, /*nd had formed in two pUoe« «tccp alopee 
of pumieo and debris which it ')k po8§ib1e to descend; all ao€Gs« 
to tho floor of the crater is preventod, however, by en interior 
rim itf (ho precipifiR iiiimediaMy nt tht? liiw i»f tlwi hi^ighU. 
It id well wcrth coming to tceJatid to eland npon the Bummit 
of niLi^ of tlie sunoundiug mountains aui] limk ii^to the yaHUiiig 
cr4l«r wbieh opens at one'e feet, its ^iiii cliatftiiii* and black pit* 
all coutrih citing: fo the geIle^tl aggregate of ate^m and loant 
Bt^nch, and horrid snnid, wUilo bebiiid strotcheN a wild wiutle 
of glen, ilcdert, and mountain, a country mourning in asbee and 
bowling with dtwolatiun. 

'I'hii ri>lc*iuo, whiiib perhapB wo may be nllowc] U> mW tLo 
Oflkju^jii (the chasm of the oval casket), d[>ea Lot ap|)tar to 
hfvvo priduc'^d unythin^' but piimif>t, <aiid, and water, c*:j pic us 
11(rt>dij v( the Utter liaviug evidently llowed fivni its craLcr. It 
U ciirioufi to remark that nlt!iough tlii^ volcano has fjoct^id 
water, it is neither a glacial nor a snow-capped mouBtoin, and 
it IS sitnnt4>d moie than 1 IK) iiiilt-fl rr:>in the H^a. 

Leaving tho volcano of A»kju hi^himi i:n and proceeding iu a 
westerly ilireetlcn ne per^wived ibit the lavit frunt the <Jd^a- 
hrann liad entered the Aslcjn upon iU most westi?m side, having 
nin for a coaBidemlle didtwict? np bill, Cpon f]c?ie«nding thf: 
I>yngjnfjoIl to tUc wost, a broa^l plain, barren and black with 
Aind and lava, upouod lefon: 110; tnj« vat the Od^a-hmnn, 

Tli^re u'a£ the hiiowy mound of ^JHldhnuc], xpotted with 
prctnulin^ lavA, with itJionriouA tuft of rock at Uio toji, some- 
what nimilar U> lliat on lli'rdiihreid; further to tb<' eniit hiy 
Kistufell, by which we tirrt descended mlo Northijrlaml, and 



I 
I 



m tXit Sttmmer of lS7$* 




I 



bebmd, all the white ex|iafM^ of the Vulna J^kuU sweepiDt; th^ 
horizmi firun oojt tti tvoet, wliorc it is mppftrontly joiiK^l by 
Tin<UM1, Tuiiji^imfc?]], luic] Iht^ IIufK JukuU, turfrcmi thm ircjHilkm 
w« couhl not K?e Spr&cci ^flndsn W»> reached Skjaldbreiii : 
it is a moTind nf hnwHic hivii» partiully cflTcrod witli ahow, 
riiinnf to a U^i^ht of ubout 40l}U T^H, Eruptkoriii from this 
nuKiitttiiti ap|>carcii to Lave tAkcn more tho tgrm of prixli^ion^^ 
Uiiliiigwnjusr mUw»r tlmn f.hul. i>f li-rrilln authtimU. The siuti* 
mit woe enveloped in clouds, ao I stopped wUhin 300 foot of 
thr top (i> grt n L'<H*d vi*rw of the pniititn,'. IV'fiiro mo lny ttf? 
Odida-limuii to tne u-^rtU-oiwi, Oskjai^^ amukini; nith bcroaa^l 
Tigoitr ia the clc^r coi>l moruiug air; atapoinl fi^rther coat 
wu Iho long rocjff whi«U L»v heiwet^n ub juiU the liviiijc wurll, 
rtrelcliing iiway hieuk and W^ to whore the ^le^^ pumico in 
th«i diKtjinfv gftvn thiTinintry thr npjx'uruiroiif lying in hright 
ftUDahino; to tlie Aouth waet tLo Vntiia, its laoru olt-v^Lttd cnipt 
envi>1opei] in gloom and iiiihL 11if' puio »hUo Jokidl, the 
block HriTtda iind Uva lic-ldi--, alik« oo!d,lwiv, t^il^i&t, uiottuuli^iw, 
And dead. 

VrV will now brietly retrace onr atPpa over the vjut^rs ef tbp 
Od^lndtnuin pfu(ttKcftir^bJa--<l<'d hi)U of Uyngjuioll to hiipmcr 
cUstfictfi trhirh the volcano and the glacier have still spared to 
icdondl. While eojonrui&g oioong the «hoop-pn«turu« of the 
iKirLh, niy atLaiUoxi wiw iirn^Hl^H] iiy Klu]>i'jjUoaM <'4>1umti»( of 
smoJce urinttff ti-om the i!ih?ction of tho MyA'atns-orcofi, and 
MiprCBdinf^ out likti pimtLtomn of iniirnnioth pjilni-trvrA umid tho 
cilm atmcspbciie of an autumn Sithbjitli momin}*. It \s^ ia 
tbo Uyratiif-OTCofi thut the violent volcanic outbrcahe occurred 
hmt I'jmDg ; l«t lU brwtttu t*> lU^^ Kt^'Tii^ und *4^i wliat ni'w niin 
ifl bciQg piled iipon the old. Upon emorglug IJom u vaIIcy 
vrhti'h nui»* thnnigh tlu- hillM of MyvHtii, ji fiii« of notm? f.wrnty 
odumna of «moke proclaims the seat of volt^anio fwtivity ; froiu 
the DOfth end of ihi^ao a conicul luouuit, about ISO ftM^l in 
height, u eruptiuj? ^vLth ocmsidemMe violi^m^^ and iu rapidly 
formiiig a cone witlaii a, luit'*-' <:r*itta' which hii4 tviiiuutiy 
hwrn formrii hy it prrvJous onmlirm ; ft ttihimti of rindnrs 
U bcicj; ffihot 1^) twico tlie twiight of tiie volwuiii iUelf. aiid 
ft r^ionn hiV8-«trcjinj i» flowing from a breftch in it« iniwl. 
northc-'m jitdc* ntLiI I'tom il Himiller opeiung at the batsc of the 
cone. 

The wind \% froehening f^^ra the wett, from which quarter it 
a fortiin^tf-h' In^i^n hhrnioj^ all diiv» thiiM I'luihluiir uh Lo gain 
• neck of land, now almosi em-iivled with lava. Within a Ii.<u' 
hvnclTcd yanlfl of the voIcauc itself showei-s of line cind-.n* uie 
fftllii];^ d^vpit*? ihn LuU'«rai' wind. FonnUins <if voh'ojiii? IW 
•pHng with Jeud expJosioue from the ^rLm jaw8 of the volcano. 



10 Grant on Stanley ^ ErploTOIion of the Vi&oria N^au:a. 



fiiUiDg in lon«nU of moUeA Bparka and fiery maasee upon iu 
gloraig Upfl and bUckcned sidos. 
Ard now i^atuig u rotrospvctiTG glancro at the lotg voaty 
from KupHUd to (J rimBtddir, which «o haT« been the 
Tmt Xo trfuitl itinrir tlir ikImtkI <if Irihiml riKi* a1)ovn tlio wittrra 
4jf tlie North AUuiitit', wimt do wo liiid? AVo Cud thut Iho 
VfLLmi Jt>kiill \A A tMkiL« of [ro and 8ui>i^ rL-ntiiig iipLiu u iie^t uf 
voIcoqoob; tlint iu ^Wiers ore mpidly iiicrovi^ni^; tlmt it is 
ciic-n>a<ihlui; both upun the north and u^on the south; aiid, 

Srantin^r thftt thp Vntnn is a fair spwimen of the Jcelttndii? 
oltidl^t that iiuthiiLg can save Iceliiiid from the udvoncing 
glaciers but a cycle of propitiouB seasoiis. We begin to reoog- 
ciso what ftii im|wrtftDt encct this huge relriffcrator ha^ upon 
liui diniitlr{>f tljfuiorlli of Icf^Iarid; hmv ft shielils (hernrrtbern* 
laud fFL>i]i thB atiueoas ytipoura whiob travel upwrird frcrm moro 
ROHtlirm lutitii<irK, rrTrnivui^ iipoii ilx bnificl &n»Ld>l<^ni a.i\ irinr* 
rliniLto amoiuit of hail and ^ow. We iinU the Odada-hrauu 
and tho country immediately to the north oi" the Valna to be a 
\vilt]f*rm'jw ^vlifTf-in the sei^inic forces of Icelnikd ere still kecinng 
iii> their trratici<^haractor byhi-eahingonivhem loa^t expecttMl! 
Tir^t ihny Vnik forth junid thn Miotvu of tb<? Vntuji, tbrn 
iiutm^^rttruuiiiLtatnd whidi forug^*^ had emothored their vuloauii^ 
energies, then in the middlt.' uf a plaiii ulrtudy reiiilMred aimust 
)«ito by prt^hijrtciri;^ (mtburatfa. Thia eccentric filiifting ijf 
lie fort^; iii Iceland may |X^hjbp» l« dtic to the many 
■ftmcWfl and J!esur&* which rloiibttcrss filreaily ^^^t in the gupnr- 
licinl rixrlts cMTAJ*iont:i| by tho violf^nt catlhqitaltcs wliicli iavo 
l^om time to time convimed the Island, 



4 



II, — On Mr. U. M. Stanh^j>* K^jtloration of the Victoriit Nyanmr^ 

By ^.i^?^l^*ColiJ^^^l -T, A, fiHANT, U.JI,, C*.I, 

Tttk jfinrru-y recently made by Mr. IT. M. Sinaley, ihf? r^nni- 
Ukiiteinuer of ttie * Dniiy l'rl<Tgrflph ' and ■ Xew IVirli Herald/ is 
on© of the moit imjitirLaut iind hrilliitnt tbftt has ever been 
made iu Central Africa, or^ iudeedj in any other eonntry. For, 
vhcD wc con^drr that hn acconipli^hcil it so quickly, taking 
(jnly nine iimMhi* from tin?" tiiiia ha left Englaml, it aeems 
at iirst as jcorcttiblc a^ woe hid famous diecovcry of the lafe 
Dr. T»lvhijt*lour, !t ia mit ;itniif^ iho ^boi't tiTiin, but lb« grtwt 
ffOuj];rapLioal question which be ha* liuully m.^tlk'd — nriiiu^ly, ht* 
ha« conlifincd i^pckc's discovery, tbut the Vi»;loria Nyaiua wos 



J 




lUve 5 Lbluu Dad 9 BirDn. 



„ S 



UI1I7 nut iuUn<J fret^li wal^r — he ban imvigHti^ Its shor^ for a 
thousmul miled, thereby proving that ite walcra ftro cor^tintiotts* 

ikforo K-mnikiug upuu Mr. Rtniiltiy'H tw« l^^llrn*, ikltil tho 
1*1 *if Hurph nnd 15tli cf May ia»t (a third lelUtr has o^mved 
UiroYUfli Kgj-pt, dutttl 12tli April, ISlb). i may alluilt? to tbo 
IcDowledge wo bad of the great X^o previous to the lime when 
Mr- StAiilry visited it. 

The laki^ or rTi-iitrul AfmM wrrr« Iciiown fn g<NignmhiTniiJ* 
iar bitck 04 ihe year SS3, for iii 'Taljul/i Alinamuikiuiiu, of ihia 
date. fllflO ill Ahnl n»i»(ui'» map «f lOUS. vo lm\(< iho Ni!o 
rising from omj Lak* "Tjiou* Kura Kutat;'' and in thft latter 
map nvc hare mention of M Komr (MoaiitaitiH of ih© Mocm) 
at laL T^B. SiivxtuI ot<1 mupi:^ showing th<> Ukr's vith th^sir 
^fQncotflL, have beeu referred to in LL^Ievr^l'a '(jtographle du 
lEojreik Ap',' »nrl mny he cliwipd h« follonc: — 

1154. Tabula RoLiuiJu iCoffiriiDa .. -- .' 

liT4- Ib'nSaiJ 

13SI, Iiim^lAl/ulTwlA 

JITL iVQrfuM 

iSir. IhtPTunli Stlvniii 

|,^l)l-t. f:hurln MfiHuo frtftUir^kiuii .. ^ 
lAUT. I'iLii[irii(i Ituyscb -■ ■• .- .w ■• 

1&S», DicCorElL'tr^ 

JA3K Dtpfio lliL-'cnj 

1340. R jipUinuii. Jf. ii^Ami. Priitiu >. 

Other moro nnwlom mops might ho quoted, but <3urinfj: the 
Wt ^.-t^tittirv tiiiip-mulven FiL'>-iit to have- left out all tho Uken of 
CVntml Afrioo, and it is cnly in tho Jcwt fiCt^n yeow that the 
cciitro »f Africa bna n^^aiD been slnddccl ivitk ita I&keO. 

In the year 1857, the London Geogi-a["lilonl AM>{*.i(y sent 
CnpIniiLs B«Tton and t>pekej both ofhcent gl our Indian Anuy, 
■ service xvljjch I hnd the honour of belonj^ing to, to fiplore 
Africa from Zaozibar viA Lake Nyaasa, (o Kfir^Tt- 'riiu» it was 
thftf, Mti first lieunl of Lnkt;j4 Tangauyikn and Virtuna, 

Captain tjpeke, in L858, went twenty marehoa ncrth of RaKoh* 
ftlone^ with (?) wivputwiii ^J/lt^v*^^ to tt^at ihn Aral* rumour that 
ft ^U'fiX oreari, tvhioh tlit-y oallod u biibr, or s^o^ existed. He 
fouod tliat the Arikb traders had informed liim correctly ; a. lako 
of almoitt iirboTiii(]<rd Cfxtent stretched nway from Lim to tbd 
north; there ^^-aH, hr? wis told, ns ^roat brciulth of it on hi« left 
hrind as there wi^ on hi:; riqhl. lie retnrttrd i» Kn^htiid and 
pci'Aeal*>;J liij^ map of the diseOTcry of the Victoria Nyanza to 
ibis SupJi'ty, fte)ijmpai>ym^ it. with nih belief tiuit the wat^rrs bo 
\iatA trxm Wi?ro tbo?o of ibo Kile— Ijut this bad yet to be proved. 
Tlw) Pnwidciii for tlu^ time vas ibe late Sir IWenek Marchiaon, 
*ho «l occo ;^ag[ied iln.^ sj.iVj'.ct, and eaid, "Speke, we must 
tend you back uguiu/ 



12 GiiAifT on Stanltryj E^fl>rdticn cf tite Victoria N^arura. 

Many moDtbfi' preparation for Ins next expeditiOD poseed 
iiK>wly lo S|x*I(«<, bitt »t Ifln^f Ji, in 1860, he HDcf I started frtiin' 
ZaDXibar with 200 iuUuwcrjit. It will f^ivor samo idea of Ui«' 
ficklo Atricau when I t^U )'uu that we liod only -40 men 
the 200 when wo rfut'Und Kftswh, 130 mi!<* wft<t of t!io aoa* 
€Oaat« Tbree-fouiUia Wl dcv*? rl<!d lu. \\V nt:cd aot. tbcw^for^, 
Iv iJiartutil liy tho ntytoH of Mr. l^tartley thnl one-lijilf «f his 
3nen wvro noU't^fTcctive. Ht; will enlist otiiet?* t^r do with 
fewer. 

Monthi of wcory dt Iny a^ain took plocn on Ihe wtiy brttww^n 
Kaawli hxvl tho liilly rpjj^iciu tif Kanigweh, en ni.'couiit of tLa 
difiB<^hJt« tJirowrt in the way by the inhnbitanla, \^^^ wUliod 
to gel on i]ui<;klr» nrtil trit^ t^ mjirrh ncnr the l^iiko, bot 
ftere toM that the ordinary route t^il Va\u most, be Icfpt W« 
acocjrdinply went that way, and crossed the wat'rj^hfsd ut 
2j^° H, Int. From t}iii4 pusitinn wi* di*JMrL*m1tid tlie nottbera 
incHnn of Equatorial Africa, and nevor loft Kilo-i&Ad till W9 
rciKilitid Ihi? Mo<Iiterrutiraik. 

After leaving Karagweh, the <'oimtrv, boun^inj; the Lake on 
tlic west ftud north, to the capital of Ugaula, may be g;rn<.*nil]y 
deeenb4?d as a plain 4000 ft^et in altitude, hut worn a^vay at 
intervals of from 1 to lU nules, with narrow cicavatif^ns nodo 
by Ktreain.a fflllitijr intn tlie Jjjvke, The nxilir may be Ukein-il 
lothe teotb of a stL% tbe poiutrt bcin^ pUintf jind tho dopreaaiooa 
vwAinpi. Wo hai^ e;ttenriive vjewa of the Laks fmin the«e 
filuJna; fi^in^' ite bays luid lalatn^s, but no j>riaU« nor distant 
ridges^ nor luouutain-i^uca to the cast, nottung but a clear 
iti>a*hcirixon vag vjitibl<>, and no Pativc) could tell who lived 
bciyond tliiit aca. 

Thn bay* and long inlets of water or friths, seen by us im ihe 
western and northern aIlofch, wcro M'ucrooko, Kalonpfo, Rlur- 
vtiisoD, Ac fkimo wert« nornptetely land-lock i.'il, and '20 milt^i* 
tn lenc:th; 1 idlitdu to tlio ono »M>on near our camp at Ufronda 
rapiCar It is here. prubaUy, that Colond Long:, of the Khe- 
divp't Bprrice, found liimBi^if ihn other dny, when be report-^d 
that Hpekt^^a Victoria Nyan^cn wcw mcTely a bituII aHair of 
ilO miles in extent What a priae he had at his fG<ct! 

Tho largest i«lnnd I obacrvcd waa that at fHsseli at tho north- 
wmU-ra iMiri>«r of tlirt Tmltc ; by iriitniuiaS'b'i/iring it wus 40 miles 
bng ; the width could not be lakon with any acciirocj^ from the 
tdiunf, but it iipperireil culy ff or 4 miles. Ll ha» no hillsi ia low 
in XhG wat£ir, and at (i^e |)oint I observed ita shore to be within 
a mile of U\e mainland. The Kins: of Uganda keeps his Sect 
of eunocg hvrv, urul eousulte with Ib^ God of tJie l^ake, who 
ic«ide^ on this ii-Iand. 

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8ir fi'iitntif! Bttfcer, that he was ffiven to uuHer^t^nd tho natfvA 
niune fortlic Jjiko ww Ht^aeh. r«t«rm/ain, iti a crtrnprohcnsiTo 
map publifthEKJ thtA auliimri, IiJtFt fullowei] thru miiiukij l^y ivillirig 
UioJ'AIco S<wii Spp, iw well fw U kens wo, and Victoria NyarxKiu 
I expUliu?i] thttt Srn»pli was ri larjre i^lruii), ftiiil nm (jliwl l^j lmv<* 
my stfttement oonfinaed by Mr, i^1A1l]ey, who bna fonnd it to be 
till? birg«et wIaikI on thv Luke. Vnnous nttd ijumcrcufl tvera 
the other Ulands seen by ui, but lliey were nearly uU unin- 
hfibitod. and ct' no importance. 

The jmntftti river ui the mute between the most eonth^rn 
point oftbo Lake, round its woatem and oorlb^ra ahorta, i.i thi> 
Eitaagnlo Kng»-r» in llie dii^trirt of K»rogweti. It rises pn> 
bablj ftcnx the t'uot *ii ibe o<mioftl mounliiiu of MToombiri\ 
sopiNMod by US to be lO^OOO feet bi^h ; niuueriJiLH JiiW>< und 
vnlfey* «*inl thuir «att?rii to ir. In appijamueo it has a ^low, 
uiitjealic, winding course, wLieh id luirigubk* (or 30 to 40 
liiilM from \t» mimtb < vriUHttH dni.win^ 25 feet of walr>r 
couhj, I bvJinvc% llobt at tho ferry wbi'io vc crosK^d. Speke 
and I hail to conjectiira this depth At tike ferry, huc^jiuHo 
wo woro forcibly prevented from <!roppinp: our Jood-linea into 
it : Hki Kjti>r would nut ba pleaded ; Jl yviiji uot " canny '* to taUo 
sounding 

1 «houM tot be thft l^st enrprised to hear that Mr. Stanley 
i«leet» thift noble river aa a [loint tbr eiploratiou. AVith tlio 
Ladf AHce ho can oK^cnd this stroom from tho Lufao up iiJmoat 
to King Rtiitiunikit'a door; [Jt lio ean eroasovertbe moTmtitin« 
of Boouda and Uruadi and desemd to tho spot oti I^e Tan* 
ganyika, vrhpp; I.ivjngalone and he Lml suob a pleMauT pic-nic; 
Off ho may shUol Ihe Albert Nyanza aa his f36!d for iiocplomtion. 
All will u? new to ua ; eithi^r route would interest ge<jgrflphert 
mt«ns«ly, for thd oountry, ita people, and itjt animaU uro uil 

Leafing the River Kitangule, aiirl [imroeditig norib to the 
Capital cf U^ando, a dmtuuce of 125 ^eograpnictd miles, vo 
eount^ flv^aiul-Iwentv sLreano, varying in iieptli from 3 to 
10 foet, which wc wndod, «wam, or wossed by brid^; thor<> 
vll^^n aumcniKr* oihnr nmctller onea which wouhl uol give truuble 
even when llooded^ They yrerv mud'^coloureJ and mud-sided — 
swamp-rircrN in fact. 

Tha area of the Lake, ftcw>rding to SpeEce, who took Iftlf- 
tvdca and longitudes tor its vrotitorn lud^r and only had native 
infonaatiou fur lli« othpr half, is (>4& g(<ogruphicul mib« in 
itmferonco : and it wo add to this tho circunufcienco of Lake 
r-in^, now ivii*! b> furm a portion ttf the fiuke, vftn hnx'ti 
910 K^n&t'hical luili**. Speke. therefore, utU^r bia hiiit Journey 
io 16<GU-3, made the Victoria i^jait^a out to be of an ar^a not 



14 GkakT on SlanleifM Ei^fiorativn t^the Vit^i/ria N^tfatua, 



4^qii&l to Tyftko Bnpprior, which is 1500 milea in rircnmifcrence, 
but poralldl iu «izij with Hunjn (tiUO) and Kr-jo (fj50)< 

Yon natcmlly ask Low Spekc came to mako tho L(ilc« tlio 
tiso it }i!us provud to bo. Thoro wau no TJieory m bis filut^meat, 
oa you ^viU allow when I aUU? that, at Muoixza, along tlio weet 
Bldn^ and on thp ncilthj )\^ biul t^iWrn itn Intitude, 1uiigil.iiili% untl 
altittKlc. Native travellers hud gone, htf taU/rr^ from Ukorowi^li 
to Kitaiigule, ALidoiLU'Hhlii tutliei^iipltal of Uf^ftiiik^ &1to onwards 
to Baringo- Wo trii\elled by tlio wc^tf-ni j«idc, whoro Ibf 
I'oiiutry in urJIhout iuiiUuUud^ low and swti[ui>y; and when Ca[j- 
tftin Sp*ike pot to the Ki]xjn FntK the natives toM him th^Tm 
Wft» a« much wutcr» from where he Hood, la tJio K&at, aa that? 
vas to KatoL^ Bay in the West» where be lately c^iine from. 
Therefore it wiie by theec Tncasur^mmts that he mode Uiu I>ako 
llic ^vm it hftfi pioved to be by Mr, Suinley. 

The only point uhoro water wae observed to loftTO the I^ko 
wns [it IliiKjn FjyIIs, in Ugnndn. llere tb« body of water \f- 
150 yarde wide — tbo depth waa not ealeulated — but this quan- 
tity hears butn smidl proportion to tht^ contents of tJic Ddcc. 
Aft to tho d&ptJi of tlia Lake, I am inclined to the boUef that 
Stanley's ntoaeuremcDt will show it as a couipanhtively shalloAA 
i>oily ijf wutor^ resting ou a vast phiteaii; that fh(?rL' la no rJiTixiii 
imch ud Xanganyiloi is formed of, Stook^y has ^ivt^n us oidy 
one measormf.int for depth — 21^9 feet, fluri biwl not lak^n thr 
ccntro of the Lake. The Nile, aft^r leaving; th« Luke tit Ripou 
Falla. haa a navigable course^ to the Knmina Falla, From liere 
to the Albert Nyanxn ita coiiriw in tbToiigli rock and ovqr high 
falli^- We Lave yet to !eam U^s exuct position of the mf:x as 
it leaves the Albert; but it is again navigable from this In 
Apnddo, the villfljE:e nenr Minni's tree; benoe it again ibamn 
irvfr ruckfl for mmie (li.stanee, am) ut iiiLi^rvQls^ as i1 rurm behii^, 
ond north of tbo Jnbl Kookoo Monntftin rang*?. Coloool Gordon 
iift-% bowe\cr, found it navigable farther up from Gnndokom 
thjLU was gir«pectod, namely, up to 12 miles south of R^piiaf, 
whence all Uio way to Kgjpt — during ki^k Nih-^hr 1620 geo* 
j^raphie^ miles tliere is no obrtniction tu ik lout drawing S <;r 
ti I'cct of wnf or. 

Many will temember ih*^ c^nlbiiHiHKtic' nx^pptittn givpn in nil 
Burlin^i^ton UouKe whore Spfcico and 1 ^roro riJeoiv<3 aftUT teJe- 
ffi'ttphing thftt thf^ "Nile wa» settleri;" thai ** the Victona 
Kysnza was the bouto© of the Nile" Sneb a reception corljiinly 
awaitiMi-tStAnley when he appeitTH here; and if he should make 
moTti discoverii^j* — wbidi be nm3onbtedIy will if tlod rpares hit:i 
— ihoro is no Uooonr which this Ji^iety can bf^tow that he will 
not have earned over unil over again, lit, as an observer, a 
tnivollf? in itfi true »l-[]W» a provider of trno and pleasant pic- 




Qra3IT ctt Stank^* Hj^Icrcihfi <^ the Vktaria N^ani^. 15 



torea Erom uuknown land^ Ims conflrDied the discoveries mndo 
hy BfpaV*\ ftnd U> him tho tnitnt ix duo uf huriu^r vjtilM mi tlm 
broM wat^re of tlio Lake, &ud ecut bcmc & mufi. ujid dcaanp- 
tioOB so vivid and tiuthrul thul the laosL Hc^liticuL caunat fail 
tobonti^Scd. 

Hera it may be as well to raplain itat aame seogrwIieTs 
iMTor tccoptod S|H'k4>'M LaUp dm 'diu ^rrcuit c<^oaii, oUboni^n Hu) 
gto^f\tiO»l vorld did Xhu furi^mi.^t uf ruiWUeverA, and tho 
one «no Bjtp^ared flrwt in ihc ii^M, wjig r^npfaiQ llitrton, 
tlio roaip<it^iCpn at onr time of ^pclcu. He did not aeota to hiivo 
any ivasoii W liix nj'i^iitEienl. Ili^^itid iLi^re laiiftl Le nevoral 
lalUt, Iftgoonn; atiythmc;, in tuc?t, except tim L&ke, I^Vfsa tho 
t«te I)r. Liviti^'*<( i>iLf: Jutd Mr- ^lanlffy made ocl iLere tniui bo 
e«rf>raL lakes* LiTinj^tOTio wrotd in & rery patroDising tone, 
" I''X)r Bpeke ba& tiiniH lii* bark upon the real iwurces of tho 
^Niio"— '"Ilia river at Kipori Fells was not largt* onouajh for 
the Mlc ** — and IV as disparapng of ISpckc's dincoTcrice. Th© 
nurk of Dr 8(')iweiiirHrtli, ^Tlu* ]I«<arl of Afrifa," has laDt^n 
lAto the tn^atcst bluDdcr^ Also, Dcarl^ ihroe years a^, a 
napt conMnided hy Mr. Kcitli JnlinMtmi. whbaiit unthnrit/, 
in our map-rooQi, na^ suspended i>om these vMb, bui, cvi 
lay protest, Uig rrcsidont Sir il^nrv LCawLnaon ojii^red that 
it DO alKircd to thi: dclinGution of tho Luko bf Speke; This 
was done. 

Nitmbrrm of nthctr irrifenii Jtnd rnnp-mnkers, ContiDentnl and 
Englitib, liavo j^ouo on cUaiutegmUug tho Lake from book to 
b.^cjk, luaii to ma.p, and from y.^ar to vrAr; but I think the 

Kublic wUl now poroi^tve how unjuGt ilia al>ov(> critJCA havo 
?en, how firmly the fame of Spekts has been wlablished, and 
wiU not fail tosocord him lh;it place in thtrir opiniiiiiA wliioh he 
tOAV hokva imt ior a tim<^. 

'the following published map? exhibit the Victoria NjraiUEa 
diTidod into two or more lalccs : — ' 

-Tiu* Nib? Hn^In; by RlHianl F, Dartuu, 1^04, CoaxUlinb 

delineated only at eoutti extremity of Lako, and the south eido 
of tbo inJauds Kerowe jiiid Mozit^i; fjom the KitnugTilc River 
to the Katonga; at Mnrchison Creek; at Napoleon Chnrinel. 
Betwten those is placed the urords ** Supposed eito of Victoria 
IXjtaMu' Bahun 'Ngo made a difltlnct lake. 

* Jjkke Itegioo of EaatcTn Africa,' by A, Kcitb Johnston; *Jnd 
vdilioUt \S72. Vidoriu NyuGzaf a contiouoiis const-linn from 
Kapol^n Chonni^l, along N. and W. sidee to Urnnii on E. 
tM>s!at; coloured ojily ttA >vnt«r at thn S. extremity, omi round 
tbo iidiLnds Kerew» and MaKiUi; from a little S. of Kitan^ulo 
Itiver U> n short di^laiice K, of Ihu Katonga ; cihcmt Mtirchisoo 
Creek ; about Napoleon Channel. The easU^rn side made a 




1& G&j^yr on Staultyg 



taucii. 



uIa; 

a 

til. 

i 



dutiDCt lake* vtiih. tlic name ' iUHiui ra Ukitm.' 

Tli^liMAVN,* Jttly. 1^2. by A. KihUi Juluuliiii. Tii^n'n 
Nyukza, a oouuuuoiu coafit-lind as above, with tlio ietacda 
Ectcnc and Motito, forming a pnunsula frciD the K short; 
neater ftbofliJ only from Kapoleon Cbaniifl !o tbe Kitan^uk 
Itircr ; aboul tbi^ soutiiom part of the Lake and the peLtcsiila; 
along thr R^ ckhd.} u tth xha uum« * fkm of Ukara.' I^ika 
riofro qaito litotini^t 

'Bowl found Livingstone/ t>y IT. M. 8tniil«-y; mar \ry 
Stonfdr^ 1S72; S. tif eC|Uator otUy. CuUfd-liue of Viet<i 
Nyaii^ ouly <lt-Iiikeat«<l, and vator coloured at Ji>tiIaD'a Nulhli. 
a littlt^ pu^t Muanun, ihia Bengal Are)n[x?1n^i, iind S. a3d<> 
Ktrewe aii<l £]u£it4 jHloudd; Irom o^>i>c«iit« JUoHliotHie to a 
eqfiAt'nr; on ibe E, Bi(i*=' about Knvirond of \Vnkc^e1d*a imi, 
njtU namo * Sea of Ukiinw' 

* LivJDgstone't) latt JuuniaW 1874 ; Muii of iIil* Forest 
Plat^ati of Africa, by £. St^uitord. From il of Blttonxa to 
Itijioti FalU Lbe W. jmd N. <^oaat of tbti Vii^ti^ria Nystixa in 
lahown »» d^Iin«at«d by Spokd, bitt witb th^ oppocit^ const 
f^nerally por^lel to it, at a di&tonco of 30 to &0 miicd, vrttli 
tbe name Lake Okara; E. of the extremity of tlits Lake is 
placed another, 61) miles lon^ by TjO hrc>nd. nnmcd Kavirondo, 
and coniifMied aith I^kt^ Okjini by the Ktdi^itv* Itiver. Lake 
Jkrinfivi U oIao dotoditd, a^d commtiuicatcs with tlia Aflua '^^^ 
1li<! Itivcr Nicaidubaob. Jl^l 

la Sketob'Hiap of Dr. &ohtve]nfvrth'a routes 1$6$-71, by ^^^ 
Welkr, in ' Tho Jleart of AfncV by Dr- Schwcinrurtb, a «cri» 
of ^ve distiuet lakea of small exleat, conneeled by rh'ers, takes 
the pLice ef tlio Victoria Nvrtnin, Ul' tho»?, Lakes Ukam and 
Uken^we, renpectivelv ih?* K. and S, extremes uf iIao Vietuina, 
aje named- Lake Uboh N^ia qtiito separate (drained by the 
Aaua), receiyiug at the N. thcj Wht<ti3 of Tjitr Zaiubnnr, by n 
river from it^ H. extremity, vliicli Ual rocQiv<:*& tlie aaten 
auotlier lake, not oatniHl. 

B«ndea these 1 mizht also mentkoi: — 

*Slld AfrJka iind ^lodjtga^kar,' bv LIr, Petemaami : No. 
of fltJeler's Hrnici^AtlTu^ ltt72. Iti 'this 'Ukerewe' (^'ictorJa 
KyaDm). 4308 feet (?], is &bown accorditig 1e fi^pvkcs cioept 
tlint then ia no B. coaat mnrkud ; Loko Banngo ia alai) 
omLtt«d. ^^ 

Xa Colonel Long's map of lii^ viiit to M'ttMi and the Victdtt^^ 
Nynnut, publijiihod by !ht» CUini' yf thrr SialT, K^tiliau AnDy»^^ 
tli« Luk« is ^owD to have a width of only "20 milca from tha 
N. eoML 



1 




Ghaji^T m Sraitfftf'f Exphratitm of tAe Vtftfria N^ma. 17 



I 



It iH HOW my pUou to tanktu Noin? eommr&t« oft Mr. Sumley's 

iBtavting from Zanzibar^ in lite monlh nf Ocloln^r, 1874, with 
'ollonerv, bn madti n mpirl jnurttitv of 71£U mili^i to th^ 

in 10i( Jav^ iDolnnv« of hiUl^, 'Ihrott^'h forotitA, iktom doeorts 
and rivf-r*- hu wjnveyi^ti iho Limt, Xo-^y -1/tcr, jti ncctioiLH, and 
Inunf^hi-'d jier on thfl Luke. 'Hw* forrliioiigiil ai>d enerify r^ 
quired to o>tj%'cy tlii» buat must o^immtttri tho luHc!^ ndmiin* 
ttoD, fur in fluiiik^ m\ ho bad navigated tlia laland Oc<eif». und 
glTOQ u« n thrilIi:iGf aoooiut of ita Gxt«iit> its riror* and «bor«0^ 
and ita bniutifiU uuaiids. 

Ete otperieoced almost etimnincr loaioa ud privations in hia 
land joumcT. Ilaving to trnv^^l throwh itorilt-, unhiMltliy 
reejoiD0r the wfliit of fowl and u»t<?r u^as Iclt ■eveiely ; bis Tren 
ooflcr^l frora ticbnc^a— dcull* ivno nfc among^^t them — ruid bo 
bud lu rouittud j^raiiist tbt) WaTiini riu*t% wlui Mnimled Uie-ir 
Vdir-dnima find kitkd twcaly-ono of bis iDea. Aflor coutoet- 
iuff «itl] tli'-TH for iJiR-e i]|i^js J^^d i<-Irnriiig it vray for tun iidvjuictv 
he coutimiad liia marcJ) towimifi tbo Ijikfi, la lua iottor of the 
16tb of ilay. alliuioa is made to a tight from kie boat with tho 
HVaTuna n'we ; but as no portieulur:* an* fiiFuUbi'd. tbe o<^viuni 
may bo ID Iho oorreepoadenco «cot vid L'gat*da to Egypt.' Tha 
LJn&prI nf T7viiiiin, jtt liiG narttk-rriid uf tbi« IiilIch, ek thn |Mtinti<»n 
menUunod. 

Oa tbo 2Tth of February lant Iki obuined liia first viow of 
tlia gn-ot 2i^i^ liAd it can bo iiuupueil liovr iTupAtti^nt ho must 
Iiave beiQUf aud how hard hia men. taUfit have worked to pTit 
tfa« £a^v ^w log^th^r, t'O liuvb a »hort triul on tbo lAike 
befofa la'king to vca in hf^r. Tbtro ar« many qu«at)oiis wliich 
wo flhonkl \ik^ u> si^k Mr. STant^y hi-ns ; bm wo must be coateat 
vrith luA map now boforo iis, wiLU \U rm nt, UlandB, and broad 

Of the rivors which ho obs^rvod durin|:E hi« Toy^go round tho 
south. nu<lt iifirtlir anil iv^t i^on^t^, }ii^ £iv^ ci^mmeDt^in^ with 
tbo ntoHt ftouilt^m and proceeding northward^ tbo Monnngnh, 
l^iwambcni. and Duma ; these throe ji^in at»d form tbo 
Sliimeeyu. Thu Bimnu talk* into ?pvkk> (viilf, and \a niiu)o 
tK> uiJcs iu louj^h. liity miles farther nrjrtiL comos Iho Mara, 
70 ta8t>mik>R TwpIv*» milrw nortfi tU«m ia lUo Moii ; then 
in en^MaeioUr ihc Sbirati, Oon, U^woh, and YAcama. la all, 
t€» rirera ate lu tlie nia^j. The only one described — the Lee- 
wixnbc, ox ^himeeyu — seenu to ba the only important TWt, 



paupJo WW fAta^ ftfuot which cafToUtraciM vlmt wo Icuutiu U^uitIb.— J. A, O. 
VOL. XLVI. O 



18 GraST Ml Siixjtie^i Erpioraiiim of the Vltioria Nifonza, 



It risRff in fi^ ft. Iftt., ftud ^^ r. long., riitiv a coiiivc of 170 
mike, whcTfl it Awl t"o *4hpn» join toinrm tiii? Sluiueeyu, wliioh 
|eOEt«bdfi for ItJO miliTA fiulJicr, Tlie witlth uf the Lcewumbu in 
[ttw diy 8MS0I1 IB 20 fedt, tvriH depth 2 fflpt. Mr SUnley givos 
it importance to iKe Shimif4>}'(j. Emyiae; its ouim'.« U Toughlv 
miWr thflt it is one mile wiVio flt'its montii, Rml -100 yiinh 
liheroM nljorc tbc mouth, Tlus rircir tnny prove to b4^ thd most 

>ut]iei-ii v\jit4^rH of l)ie NJIt- Bot tli^ KivRr Dg^iutrl), nt tlip 
noTtii'i'^iu^ ornor of th^ [.nici^, thii^ bo n roiiAiiiorable sirefim 
ftUv, for Lip|H>po(jii]ii irrro w?vii in it. fs'u ntuiarkd axe laatic 
>Dn the other streams. 

Wc thcrcforp hnvc but one great rtrrrun od tlie wliold leiigiL 
of the f^ait^ra shore of tills fj^^at "Like ; and we krow that <in 
the wcHkrn ahorc there 10 tho eniuc f*oiDCjdcrico, naiacly, iLn 
KilJUignle-Kngorn, ihi? only rivur which i>UfKe'i uh Io croin 
l^ can<>e. TnV' Kiver JCntonpA wr' lioard much epokc-n of ^a ji 
Iroulilr'SDine' stiLunj^ hut I i]c> iint iJiinIt it con !>o rtnvi|;uh]i? fn?m 
thp buy. 

It HceiHB as if thd i;r«at brown pfains, which Mr. Stonlfry 
fpeaks of m bounding ihd Lnko to th& east, dmtik up all tbt- 
run that fali» upon tnem. Ev->TTWhi3re he heard of pioius to 
Lht! VMAt'i i-\iMX t)ki> *^T<i^vcniig liihle" mciuitflin of Mniitji iir 
Mozita, e[kst of ljkr^n>wo Inland, wan eoon to hi> Au^ronuaod by 
jikiuK; ftlso fhtT wUiKi-Iike mountrtiiiJi of Unni, UmitiJui, mwl 
tjhahlii, llicy, too, hod ihdr plarna; but all these bdiig within 
the radJua of 40 miloa {vide map), I takd it thty ate remoinaof 
All old tdiit'.^u, b<>fn7 v^CKH) f^ct above tlie loved of th^ l^ko. 
Thoro la a similar tiihl^inountaiu at CheyBimbee (mejitioneti in 
fitiinlry'a l]lll^^) tin thw cipj>iwit€ eoaat^ but it ia only 4lH> feet 
abovt) tho plain. 

The mauntaltia of ^^^&^ ore L-allud ^gantic, for Mr. 
iy enyf, " We pots between the laland of Ot'inpo and the 
Ijpg^tic (uouiitaina *ji Ugeyeja, at wlh>»e bitst- lEo Latly Ali<v^ 
^f^et»mtfd to entwl tJk» a tiny iDoert, whiln w^ 01 boanl ndrDire 
tiie Btup«ndoU4 aummite," There is nothing n4 to Ki/e cr 
snniTnit on the other aide of the Lake to compare vitb this 
dodonption ot' tho c<iU[itonjLl motinlninii of Uccyeyn. This 
fi^euia to 1m? nithiT ji rnrjuiilitin ryf^ion, fur^ to Uh? i-riat of Inhfi 
** Bnd^ - or Hanilt lelee. a "* flat and slightly wocdy dielriet, 
varied at inttirvds bv {fnlaied ecmiu," va< \isiblo lixim the 
nimmit of the Isle. "Manyara at the north-east angle of tho 
Lakej ou the c<Lat<.m side of tho bay, is ^ a land of bold hilla 
and ndf;eH, while tJie very iiorth-fiwteni end, through which 
l»un)( tho Ya^:;funa Hirer into the Nyanza* >» flat,*' 

H^viiii; examined nil tint ntitnx nn the moimlHins of thr emit 
COflst, vf& can aay that there oro uo moiutajne, no voloaoie 




Gkjutt CTt SUsnUif's Exploration of thr Ficfma Aydnra. 

OOnaCr t^ ^ ^ODnpftml with them n« to thrir h<ti^ht aod j»r«n* 
mUy t^ the L^tAn ou ihts ivenl (^<m>t. ifltrrt? tlie i^hotc cnuntry ia 
AAtfrom KirftiiG^l^, north. Anil ihf* fttivATDA ran to ilvd lAke 
liko hnTc-9oup dovm a tilted pl^ti-. Irariti;: deep farrcnrs id Ihe 
ttlaJn. We MWBevernl long vRllevfi ivliit-h. do ooubt, ot)c« were 
"friths"* in the Victoria Nynnxn. thty arc nHtctd tjp ; IhoiMuidji 
cS ^'.na i>r ItLfid oil the ft^?(L itMuit JLn< ill tlttn .«Lnl4?- I llir^nrFore 
Cftimot bill ooncliJ<io thai tlio fniruiiv of tho J-ake will be fonmi 
on the rojft ccuuil, aiKJ lliat tlic inih'5 of Enrampn and shallovr 
vrftter in the n^d^t do not exist to the ejimd exteut on the othor 
abor<". But thia inlcreertinp cuimtion wilj, I tru»t, booh ho 
aBltlrd wh*-B we receive Mr Sfaii]e_v*fl observEtions on depthit. 

No fcwoT than sixty to <^i;rhtj' ir^Unriii niay bo cotiDtcfl upon 
Mr. fitaiilt*v'* mnjj, dolled ^-eiicnilK in ihi^lirn nH rmiiid (be 
ehoi^e, at dlstAacea nf 2 nud 3 mil<>* fr^in tli« maiDlaiid. The 
largcftti in th^ whol^ Luke is K^Rti^li, nliich wc made 40 milctt m 
lenjfth. Kr. Stanley mak^B it ^5>c2Ah FmsIdc to the south 
CUFtliQ HitoiigiLl'^. wc have iJumbin?h» 2o x ^ ; ODd folJowingtlio 
ciirv*aof tJio Lake, Dkerewe.3"2x7; Ugit)^,20x5; Usugxirn, 
S2x£ : and Uvnmo, 1^ x 10. Xli9 remainrn^ iHlond^ <ir<t small 
in compnriiion txi thofte mentioned here, and tht.' timjority of thn 
Uuidl «r9 bear the northern shoro, nt the end uhere the ^raterfi 
Imtd for Egypt, nnd tho others are chiefly hy the shore* of tho 
fOUth4!m third of the Lake. 

If TTo oiamino tho aroa» of the iBlands mentioood abovtt, for 
iivtaDG^ fiiMHih — or, m Mr Statdey cnU* il, S^ba* — It haa an 
arc« of about 700 Jt^ngli^h square mil^?; tljo diiconsion of thi« 
ono i«l«nd will ^to «oair idrui of thi^ imjiortivitoo of thia itilaud 
aoo, vhich 16 proVjably the lnrj*e^ body of fresh water — at thU 
tJtUvide^iQ the krioH-n world. 

Coptuin Speke altaL^hed the Lake Itahr-ingo 1o )ii& lake tit 
its oottth-eedt cornor< ICot. T- Wnkctic^ld places it &0 miios 
detArW) fmtn ihri Lnkn; liut "Mr. Slutdrry lorjiiired of ihtr 
nnlivcfl re^rding it, and iv&a told there wae no Lako in that 
direi'tioiL Howcv^r^ (Kmsidpring thjit the nalivc inrormntion 
o^tnipod by Uie two formeT p:onllomeii taa proT^d to be correct 
ia moftt chhety and that it was obtain^ iuaependenlly, on this 
AOCOnnt I do i^.Jt giv<? m to the i]eu*eii»1ein?e of ihi? Bjihr-iugo 
Lake. He mentions that tho Hirer Ug;ovFch joins thr.^ Lake 
hOTip> ami is nf if irniidrrHble ei/e. Hippopotflrui were %emi there 
by hiiD, aod it may he the wat^r commuuieittli:^ which Spoke 
beard «f hh L'onncctiTig thi* Tlfthr*ingo with tho Nyaii/n, Ttiere 
is iilea tho Vagamt^ here.* 

B»riain Ivglmi imUi nf (Jgejcjm, u a cqutilry IS uuln of IfltitiiJot viUi d««p 

c2 



It^gudtJis tfiv a1(itii(W tnkeD by Mr, SUnley. ^^ find t!iat 
in icaTmf; UI6 dceott nloin cf U^ i>gc»> W eeocmOi^ to Aaotlior 
{lUtnni), Sir^OO fi^tt ; luid jignin 4a he proi-ueded xKu-tli-wMl. be 
C(iQc< uQ a sUU lugli^r ono of 4600 f^^, ami \\\% ^-rrotJ^t nltitudo 
viiu 610U feet, wbicb i» llio vntvi^lii^d Lctvcun tic \jakt aiul 
the f^-coaBT. This Wt h^icht corrt^pomiH willi ih^ hig^ic&t 
inh^Ud coUQd'^ i^pckc on'l I traversed in «ur jair&cy, luimoly, 
tlie CApilal of hurai^wi'h. whiL^h approacbee Uj willihi iO uiWeA 
ii>(i{\0 w.^\w. eod of the J4iL'o. 

Till} Wight (^ the Nvanzn nlxiTe tlit; itt^n vu35S0 to 3650 
f^t by one aneioit^, aiid'^5T5 to 3G7^ by another, A further 
^obwrvation by Mr. Btanlcj, with two boiling thcnnontotcre^ 
ttDado tbe altttiider scbject to oorrection, fliiiiiUi' lo Sfieke's, 
namelTi 3KUS*. or ^ fWt in cxccw of Spf kc's cl^wrvfttronK, 
Tiui fliff^rt'M'i^ i» iiini^hilji^ktil, uiiil VkK may uceupt' llicia uh 
ttbo eet^hli^hcd aitttmlo ^f Vit?torifl Nyanzn. 

31r. Htanky ^huilI ih^U liU IntitULh^ aloue the VgnDtln »horra 
liflend ^m S^ckes by mi avenige of 14 milds. 'Xhis dif- 
%tieii06 of 14 mjlo0 may he ncoountcd for, aa AUggotod to idc» 
by hU haviD^ forgotten to apply the Bemi'diani^u-r of ihe «m 
to bis ohfiorviktioj^* It fihoul*} also bo taken into coiksidofatioD 
tbttt ihr. flim ^vnM cI^jmt Uj iIh» Ei[miUir whb?ij ]in i^bu-ttrd fur 
latitude at DOCD. ancL tEiat, nui^lcr euch circuuietaiioe^, tho obser- 
vntlos ^xiulrl bo II very dnidafiil ittn:. Jlis lom^iUidcA vaHrd 
lilUo. In OB© mstaDce. that of the Kannpa, Staiih-y luade it 
m tailed Dortb latitude on his map '1"^ while 8pck>/« obAcrrr^ 
^11 voaa few miWaaouUKif the Ktjiuttar, Tie twit ohirrvura 
obecrvcd differently ; but this la do roafflsu for <Iiric^Tapancy. Mr. 
8UaIriy twjk tho sun nt titjuii with ii M-ri4]on/ciTt> Jtnrl miidn an 
obs^rvatioa for lun^itiifJe in the oftdtDOoi^. Ho euimot under- 
vUnd hovr Si>eli€ — who vim ou »h<>r&— obwivcil, unlcwi it waa 
by double altilud« of the «iia: but I can };l\o the 1^X1)10- 
UAlioD. Ejpckc look hi« ifttiludcx by ohfierriug the meriaJan 
altitude of £uitabtd alarn vith tm arUridiU Ushx win, and gcrn^ 
rally found a star of tho firpt maguitudo for Uh purpiw?. At 
Kalt/iii;:! Ii« buii Capi-Ua aail (Vnopim ^IitjIIl iir><i mn^iihulf*). 
Jndeedr nklJo in Uganda, it n-iLl be- teen ircm Iht? following 
iLal he iijtcd no otfirr*. Tht? <jb*crvalioii6 weie checked by 
tb«^ fact ibat he wa^ travelling Eorth at evr^ry ilu^tr ; hU doa<L 
ro<k(i[iing ncnid ooiro^rt hini. I oaanot eca how to aarouat 
for Muli a blunder, for 1 ha>v the Aill^t <*outidf-Tice in hia 
ubMrrations ; — 



Viotftiift ^T(.^l^fc•' Till* ti t.*y inijfflnnnL ua II coiillrma ep^ku* xLotcaacnt Ibal 




rRiLECT (Tir Sl4inlfy*t KxpUratWH ofllAtf Vidcria Ntfaitm* 



Itit JAntuujjSta. BlMnrvkii»lff«1dr:i<tVa£)Ct|rfllft 



111 r«bmihrj,lflif'2,«t Kin^ft 

Sod „ nL MiAhn 

kllUbiM 
Mb Kt IhiTJilrnnrLifN 






Ul, 7 40 8, 

Lol U 

L^t. 17 A5 



41tL „ nt MkHHlui . 

lOlh .. m Kilqr[ < 

nth „ atBibibi . 



Spvlcf^ tti^rrr rrmft'c] xntiiHi^l with an imlinVrpnt observation; 
be r&pc6tc*d it by onothcr ^Ur on tlie eamc ni^Ut or fDllowiug 
op^iortJinit}', K> tliiit hn look many more obnerv^ilioits tluiL aru 
n^t^ur^lc'd, and only regiati^rLs) ilioie wbjuh i^lto Inm confideTice, 

At the atfktion tmmcdiAtely A<Aiih and loortli uF Uie Equator 
hu ijb<u.rvvd lu fulloxvii fur lougiludu und Vjiriuticai t — 

& A]titUL|£4 AUU 3 CitmplMI <tt*riTlfl» 

•• liill^tttlMt 5 diatjuiQOA, ud 1 Wm- 

Tlio arcft of Viotorid Nj-ooza, a« matlc known to na by Mr. 
Staolev, pniTrA Thiit S^it-ke fur uitrlermted l1< 6xl4-ut, I hav4> 
tsarofolly iTko;v<tiT\4L tlio mn^ ^t bath truvclleTV with compaea 10 
liMUt-rliiin Ibeir t-.xistuig cliir'']''!Nc*, nn'imiriiis evrry 10 miles, 
and the re^It, by thi9 rather rnngL nioaLs, obtained ie as foJ- 
loni". TJic map in Ki>eke'» book wjj tin; one jiicu^ured from; — 

„ BUu1«r'i[ak«<. .. B&e „ 

If vrv Bi!d 2'>5 gt.'(»grH(>liit'nl milt**, the (.'In^imferf^nee of the 
Bfthr-in(;(> Lu-kf iu Sfickoa map, wc j-o-t ^10 mila^ /la tmo body 
of iratei— a ciirinijji Mimilartty, in turcnrafyronoLv to Stanlyy** 
«iiif;ln Luke; -ouiy 20 uiilee of dtiTFcroiict. 

Mt- StJLiil^^y tliiiiksthc modo of Apelling Ny^mxa is objeiirtion- 
abLft, becniiBo lio vuyit tbe lautivos do uut pronouTico it in tlui; wilv. 
Let me Cr^l expluni that in uain^ the esprwsion Ijiku Vj<;tona 
NvATisen, wo fti.'!tinUy laiy Tjiike Victoria XftUf — Ts'ynnza ftigni- 
f/m^ L<ikc. All lual la ijocojaaryi wHl'u Urtin;- l]jts word u to 
call it th** Vii-tona KyniiEii, or Vicloria l-nki*. As to the 
vpuLting nod tli^ ^^ronuiioiiitiun of Ibo ^^•^^r*^, viv lind tbut it ii 
Auuiidetl J!fTereul1^ iu difll'-jreut localities, aud dJQ''freQC people 
epcll it dift'ivflitly :— 

Id old nmp) -- -■ -- .. 3VMuJ*. OfS ijUftblor. 

In I'irirai^ihtm N^nuM, (ifS „ 

l8rH!4iirktH nnil amiLt -■ ,. tTftow, oF 3 „ 

lATOUa^.T. W^pfliad%9adi" N>wja, of] 

1073 Uj, Ii. 31 fualojr .> Kiyania. or Nccyjrtfua, of 3 tjOiUw. 

NyawH. Nyari7-a (nasal n), anil N'yanja. hav>* 4 tnortt liquid 
aound thaa tiia tlirco-fiyllablo word of Xgo-yauza ; and wo found 






the WWandft aod Wan^oro prononiiE^etl it bv thi^ motbod 

home diuaion h^at Uj ruvle to tb« munefl of the coantri«ft 
which vrerv ob«erY^ b^ ^1r. Staal^y on tbo ewt and iu>rth*oftft 
altorcd of thu Lnk^^ tnrintr* tj ccim]>nrin^ ilv^m with lUft rontw 

g'veii by the Rev. T. WnkeflHfl, to find similnn'ty or itlpntrflca* 
on; Jiit, ftftcr ft ciow) ^'Xamitifttion, 1 hftrtr fnihxi lo dc^rotail 
Ihe roiilL'ii of the IjktEir willi Mr. Siunlcy'ii rjAiues. tSadi, 
3Ir. Wiikcfio]d"fl infonnnnt, va.'s correct in (!c«cri!>inp tho extent 
of t!ici Ijnkr\ ntid uinjfxjUirird llutt ibc tii^ithrtn ^tiCftm from 
Lnhe BAhrin^ "enters the Ntrdva ti^ th^ narthvftrds;" biit, 
u Already stater], Mi, Sliutlry foubd the country of Hnringo 
almo&t Und-lockiiip; an arm of the Vic^toria Nyflnza At the placo 
where iSpcko bad hi? Uohd^o Lake, 

Tht' rinly iiniTLGH whrHi tjdiy jire ^iven lntl<iw,uiu1 1 ledv^ilio 
cUiore to make farther inqairy: — 

f^liJUllI l^^MkL 

iTrnrl Umll. 

Ugpya .. •< ,. V^ynya. 

VtcpK Cans*- 

Hviviftrn .. ,. „ ., Ain«rs, 

Dujiitnnb (lalnod) ■ > .. Ciabiiif (Ibifilnn^). 

Fovj indeed only one in ^poko's ca«c, of the above p}u<!C» 
tt'ere visited eitber by Sa^ii or Spc-ke; tln^y were obtained by 

(uiry iroai natircn, And thoii positions aro' tolerably accumto 
[1 ciiniparKil with ilu- b^uiit pliin-s fixed, 1 presume, lutrmio* 
mi(?ally by Mr. Stanley, 

Twt> sUilfnlly executed maps Here dinwn to sliow the rcJor 
tioD of Slanley a work to thai <^f Sm^ke : one repreeeiilin;? the 
iQrtp i-if Stanley iipon that of Sijeke. llie other reducing Stauloy'a 
map Ui Sjkeke d \aill\idiiti ant] tangiliiclea," They were the work 
of Mr, Turner, tJio Assistdnt Curutyr in Ibe Map-Hoom of out 
SocJOty. Ka pointed out to me tbnt if we eomjmre tlie bititiidfl 
and l^inettndo pren in Stunler'a ktt^jrs with f ho»o in hb map^ 
they differ iu H inHULin-es, ami from r^ Vj IB luUet, 

AlluEion may b« tniule to two statemeul^ in Hr. Stanley's 
letter of tho I2th Apil, tliot M'ltsa was King of Kamgweb^ 
Trgandit, Dayoio, Uitogn, and Uam ; and that he observed a 
poaitivo tido io the J^uaiierri during tlic morning, for two bourv 
it flowed north, and two hoitra 8niith; he was told thut thid i& 
peculiar to all U16 inlet* on tho Ugnrda coast. 

* T*u ma^ vcTfl pitblUliflil in tlia ' PmAMiliftgi:,' taL ec^ Jt. IftA. 





Gfti^rr M iiCat^^'s Expiffr^im of Ike VicUfria yyaiua. 28 

Ac T€£;aH3 the formor, vo foimd tb&t altliouj^h 3f'toa4liad 
great influrncff <»Trr Ilwj rultw* of llif^w pljtci?i^ wudiog his men 
lu far 6T«D a« Zanzibar, ho voa kioc only in hk own coimiry, 
vrbich eitoDcJ« properly from the Kntoncik to Uuroro And 
HJpoD FuIIm, ahvro jiIoeiu ttv tru« Wiipiuilu live. Kogvding 
th6 tidee. we remdrk<xl loqc in tho l^liti or Mny portion of it. 
und i atUibiftii tbo mntiijR hr^ iiIkv-tti-cI cji tfio utind blowiog 
down tbo Luko. 

lu cohcliuling these few remarkis on BIr. Btanley's jonniej, 1 
may etAto that thoy oro made on my ovm nnthohty hy roqnott 
of tliQ Preaiii^nt of the Gt^ograpMcnl Society, furl Mt th^itil 
vraa not for mo to rom« fanrftpd m the chamctrm of Speke, h« 
required no moh bolritcnu^; ; in fnrt, 1 jihouhl liavr pnlorrod 
ttint lome oth&r anrl morp rompet^itt lianrl ivrote & comment on 
Mr, StAnl*^y'< joHtncyH Jlci^^rv<T/, [ liavc ^mx% ptcmiiro in oom- 
plying, frtr it lina o^ieuod up ti iiw jm oIU Ini^t-, nml ^ivrm me 
Mb opponunity of con^tulAiin^ the Society on thd gr«At 
Hchivf^TOiifiit bi^fon? (liRtn. W!ki nmnngst \i% would Wve had 
hu^Dei^y? Who wouJd iind^^rtuke q ertiiae in ftn open boat 
and absent himActf from Ins >.^Linp for fifty-eight (Uy»? VVlio 
wonld rii*k twh diin^>'r to life rtinl trxpusum to an Afr]4?An xim 
m the month cf .Vpnl ? Who of ua arc ablo lo guide, provide 
for, 1nu1 ^nil iiLlrml til n littU? nrtny Hiici^cufullv, ivnd^ in tho 
mitbt of ttU tliiii, take tbeir obgorvutioiia for latituilij and louj^i* 
ttid«? I think him n worlhy icprescntatiTc of the energy 
whiuh Hont out fUL^h an cipodttion. 

FonUfripi. — 8inro hr>flrin^ thitt Mr. JI. M, SUnloy had cin- 
Cumnavii^ittM all but tlio aoalh-rt<*iteni corner ol tb* Victoria 
Nyanza, v** Ipnrn fivim thu ' Ilnily 'rplflijraph ' that he has com- 
plKotl thci ciroitit of thir« liukr', und visit^x) tho AJbr^ and 
\Vind«ru»eie Lftke«. Tiiia iaforinfttion Ih ^Irvn Jn Hm? JtMpaU^h&t, 
vhich are fall of advmittire iind KnooraphicaL intereel. 

Ixt. Leit«r dated MahJya XbZauJ, 3 ULih?!i from Enmhirob 
laland, Victoria NyanM, July 19. 1&75- 

2nd. i'orl of Dumo, Stnith-Wo*tcm Uganda, August 15. 1875. 

Srd. KiLVfun^i. fiyjutJer vilhi^e Lwlwtvii Unyuro nad U^-iiiidii, 
Jiiniiary 1**, 1876. 

4lk Kikfarni, Ami) Hp]>M near Bunuuuka's C4tpita1 of Kara* 
gveb, March 26, 1876, 

5lh. Uba^^Tc, \V<tstcrn Unyamwcii^ Hth April. 1878, 

Tbeio are three leit^rg from Franuitt John Pot^iysU, dubxl 
tbo loth Mavt 1*575. S^ccomia ; HlU Auf^st. 1876, Uganda^ 
Victoria Xyaii^a; ISib April, lW7tl, Omtral Afrfi**, 

Mr, Stanley hod ^no by wntor from tbu wL^atorn storti to 
his camp cin the scinth -eastern side^ having ^\ had Bomo 



24 Giuorr on Slantat/'t Ejrpkxrati^n efihe Vid^iii Nyanzc* 

wlronturoe witli tli« WiuoTigoiu ivnd Wtt-Bumbinfh ; ho then 
winked to inake u kiid jottiTLvy frouk hia oitap rouii«) tii<} south 
€nd of tb^ LaU«, but a pownrful clii(»f ui>iit a polit<Minoitgli iMT^r 
lutiEnnting that lhi>ri> wti» bo road for travelltM^ tlirough his 
cciiiiitrj'. N>ve»r ivitbont rMinirrn", Stftnlpy nrrftngr'l witli the 
C*hi'^t' of Uliorcwc I^luiid to make tho jourucj by wutir with a 
fli^Ht uf tliii-ly-lttu Oiuim-h^ftiid r^-aeiied U^fnf^ l»Un-1 \ty iitdldug 
two trips ; from horo hf^ prfK^nodf^d in lor^o ItJWrtrdB iSfimbireu 
iHlacd tJ> dcniiiiitl ratrafjirlbQ of itv chi^f for the munlcr of 
some of bia WBp;And& allioa, and fiir hnnng ^lolon th^ oara of 
the Ladij Alk<. He met with a hcrtile nropptioii oa a mattcir 
of ooun^^ and after killiik^ forty-two men nnd woTicdifig Oiko 
huDdnrd »>tljcr&. bo prooccclod to iJumo, n ]K>rt on the vrestem 
niiiitilmirt, midrtwv bL'f.ni-en the rivers Kulou^n iitid Kagitriu 

I ihiiilc thAt lilr StaiiTey oommitted a serious misl&ko in 
iimkiitc; thiH nltjLck mid lu iu<^ddlii]^ irith llir old tjuarivls of 
1110 alhee— the \Vw:r*aifl — for tiich d^monstittljotL^ liiuvo lliftir ' 
mark, AEd check the prospect of friendly intercourse for jeonL 

Fnirn tht* f>ort of Diimi* he pra-p&leil woKt uiid itfivtli'West, 
escortfxl by *J000 epearflmcn, "iHindaomoly pi'oviilcd l/y King 
M'li'SHji, of Trguiidri. ■ iuid ;irrivi*d on lUfj ahtir&ri of iby Albert 
L«lio. Horo tu powerful Kuurd voro ^ fngUt'?ned ol' the 
Waiivoro iubabitauts ihrit they icfiwod to allow ilr, SLaiilty 
suftiiueut tinjo tomaku Ihu L-xolorotiou of llie Lnka — ho merely 
had ii day to look at il aad drink ite water*. This muat linvu 
been u ^rvonu tlmpiKiicitnumt ; bat, tbonj^b uunMe to laoncli 
thfi Lad^ Aliw, bo bad ably dt-acribod the new r<">rion bctwu'cn tfco 
lakes Vjclorift and AUnTt^ and tborjgb fniTnd by ihn Watfunda, 
he will f^f^X frt^m the sijuth-wuat niid mvik^i nn oxaminntion 
of the Albert liiike. From v^h^it no knOA <jf Mr. Sr.milt*yH 
ro^hitiou, tbia will U^ done if hi^ahh and Itfo arc spared to 
him. 

Again from ihp Port of Dnmo bis ovpToratiooa led him lo tho 
KiTcr Krtgora^ wbioh h*s nj"?ciidcd f<>r three days ftud wont bv 
land to tht^ Arab ilepAt of KLirncni — & ]jlrtoe whiVh Spc^o and ll 
vi«ilod, neat the capital of Kins; Rnmnnika, of Kaiugwah. Ho 
writer in high teriurtuf uurobi fntnd the king, t'ulhiig him " iho 
l^onerous, gentlo, swoet-tomperod Itnmjwika;" tmd addn, in 
allusion tg having received aid in fowl, cunoeatand «6Ciit1s from 
him, "thus another Airican tuounicb asaiMed |*GograpUy." It 
may be mrntionod hero that fStnnley was so «titick with the 
dirur^TiHiona of the River Kugeru, which wim 84 U^vl dffip whf:i« 
Iki tnoosurod it, that the thought " tlashoi upon him that ho 
lukti fijtind tlie Iruo parent of llin Nib*/' As fni iwivr m>w tnow, 
th<?ro ifi no rJrer flowing into the Victoria I^ke wbick eau 
compare with it in volume of water, and whether it is callod 




I 

i 



the Kaf^M or tlio Kktiigu1« by the nAth-^^a— fcH>tU Damoa 
oppertAin to il — i^Uul&y b of opinltm Ihdt, allLougb Speko 
suoi*ed f^xtmoTiliimry jiiclgmi'tit find nentcaeec in liis ^en^njOiy, 
be WW in aerioud -jr/or wbcii ho tulkd this river the Kitaugule. 
])y SlAiiW M ruH^uiJiit, Jt onglit fu hn ikunnetl iKa KAg>)rn. I fii^n 
bj JSpeko't niAp tiiAt onr> ol ibt tnliutiriiM m r/illcd the Ka^ori, 
oc Iiif^eKi, but IVom beluw tbc (Vriv uf Kitauj^'uk' tu tlii.i Lako 
lie tiful jLppfiod thf^ Uttor niinKi to it^ 

Mr, StauLey vro^ cnublcdp llirou^b tlie rriendnliipof HuTnA&ikjt, 
;l» poi^o^fl ill iho iWy AliP4, escortdd by c&i]o?« tunnnpd by 
IVonyuinbo, the poajtaatry of Kiim^ch^ to the grcut t^j'tdom i)f 
lftke« wfiicit were m?oii by Sjieke anil me t:j mdinl^ ik^r watora 
to lh(i KiUn^ilc liivor. Hit fonn^ oev> Liiko to Kk* ^i) milc^ in 
leiigtU. aiij iiioHt of Ibfr-m tinjluN^l by tb»? |;i^JiiitIi! jiutiynis, 
Hamj;: AOrtii th^ two l^fty siip^r-lcrat cooeaof MotLnt Mfoom- 
bbo, niiouliilci:! I^y liim at l^,Oi.*U feet in beigKt, and haTin^ 
Tuiteii The hot apriDfi;^, he aniionsly ioqiilred of the kire 
whether the Atbort Lnko might W viailcd from the Kflw^weh 
mde« The Ktii^ repb'iKl fieeiil^dly In (liu n<'^'Hti\'e, Ulie [leoplo 
of M'potvro nud Rniiiida were'hoetilo to forolgroors, nnd Iho 
WariimU wpttr, if p^vsKiUc. mom tl**iilnictivr thatj Any race he 
ku^v. SlmJ^y hftd no aUeTDatJ\o but to pri:>cw?'l to Ijiii. 
Ifobi whcnon be intonticd eXAoiioin^ tho portion tjf Tan^iijikA 
which he had not explored; h^ voiild also mike ikcother 

f«tt0Enr4 to reach ibc Albert, but from tho Tangariyika end of 
ll. Ilia IhhL c?aTiiji wiiM at Ul^ijfwo, in Western UniYfltnweii ; 
&om hero to Ujiji he would flttd a diffioalt and entirely 
unknoun eouttlry tn pL^ throii^li. Wo therefbrr! look furnuTd 
with much interest for hia next eoiumunieation*". 
The celiinl work done ly Mr. tiitaulcy in bis btc jouniey* 
eoumu in hii tmveniing ''WU g<."0(rraphi(.'fll mile« by land and 
ivatei; all ol whieh ia ni?fl'ly dtseovtred, cxcopt the portion of 
KrLmgwt-U Htiil Fgnrida wIitpIi 8pi'kn rind T TiNilrd. Hi? hiiH 
fllJed iu the soutli-^vofil oorncr ot ihe Luke, jotted down about 
twenty i^tmuK nuipped tbi.' re|;ioii diviilini^ lnko» Victoria wwA 
Albert, nnnied thu lioulritH> Gulf, und i*x(onJi*d our knowledge of 
theLake district to the iiui-th'wefitof Kiiroj^wcb. This is euongh 
lor ono mJtn to dji in u lif^itimn, but h<< kuII ifec^ks 1o du mi-in?. 

The geo;rrapbicHl d(=lttiU ar*? far better iii hie own ^vt^rda, and 
*ri* given here alon^* vith on** nf l*oiiih'k*s lt-tl;.'rs, dnted tlm 
^^18(k day of Apni, I\S7(>. 1 will^ hoA'c;V4^^. c-ndoavout tu make 
^^B few n-MJiLiikH itjiriii hid presi-iiL corri^Hpiiiidehee, iis he lias been 
^^*eninirod for kiUirg tlie nittivc^ 

Mr. t^tAidcy had an rHOcjrt nf Wa^jiudu dver friuce Lis viait 
to the king. Thi» coDneclioD vvas tbecan^ of bringing him 
lAto trouble, for the Wa^auda arc such noted pluudertiti that 



I 



36 Geuxt on Suadtifs 



e/tiv l7rfon"a I^yanra. 



Uivir fLppearxmoQ ocU fifl a wanuDg of danger to the tao*^ in 
their ficinily. TiicBniiilinl) p*?onli.: vivn: *j.vv\i-i[t\\ rxiD<|'fnitccl 
>)V Iho Wt^riuiUii, Bud rcltiliittuil l>y STitziiip: Mr. S^tanlej** oaw, 
itiiwtivert futtmisU'lv for Lim, he was shlo to ont-nioncfiiTio 
them by Ida dLTtonnlnvd plur^k ui^d iavetitlvo tuitul, for lio 
i)&iidl«<I lua drifting cwoe vItU ltd seaU jwd croasod tho great 
lal<« ilirongh *' Hoiiitdmg ^Mvi' " lo thr nppfiKitr itfi»n^ 

AfttT ^ucb L-:icJtoniuu1, uxpoaure to »toraii»r mid long; fa^tiDce. 
it \VHH ii'ii .^inLiigc- titat lie hiimiM Ijeromc iM; for mn<' (kvHho 
K'lnikinoci pr^HtriUod »t Ijii; iR'ud<|iiurtcr cAm|>, moditutm^ on 
Uiv paflt aud pUuiiiu;; for Uie futuii-, Ju refJuctJE^ on U^jtiidA 
nnd iXn ]x:opte, ho writer of il ^vitlt mttch truths " But moijt of 
ftll iLo meizii>r^ cIudk l^ U^uniiu, that beautiful land, with 
it* int€iUgj?ntking, Rttd no V*n r'^tn!trkA\)lo jwopi**," Horn '* mir 
inind« rccoivod tbo dcopc^t iiapiv^ons, nnd thcrofcru retained 
iLtt foriJ*?'*t recollections," Ac, Ac, Thifl ia but n liflh of what 
ho writo-A liboiit this bright ^pot on iha Kqimtor, nnil I t'liu otiho 
hi? sT-utiEjiuutd by adding that it deservcn ri kind ^iiotectiou and 
bappy future, 

ScTcml new Ivlh^tt h&\t l*pen mudc known to mh by Jlr- 
8lADley — the IVa-BaToblreb, Wuvoma, Wftiikori, and Wanyam- 
pako, who scorn each to bo po^^crfiil, numurous, and indc- 
pendeul — luui'h niurw ho llihti tli« Iribea by ibo i<horo!i «f 
XBU^n>'iU£k,who hftvo been doFtroyed by tlio iDciirsious cf slav© 
kuDtcrrs. Tbi'iin ]K;i>r<k% an a]mi tlicuti- ipf lluuiubi, UntudJ, und 
th<J Boutb^rn end of ine Lake, forbid tli*> icreign^r rrotu entcping 
their coUDtry, bocftOBc thry think no good would follow; but 
wlwu they ari^ cdviliaad by klndn<jaai aud eonud«raiIuQ, luid §&& 
that thoir rigltta aro respoctcd, they will readUy open their 
couitLrJcs Ui coTtiirierce. The white prnplo with wimlly hnlr, 
whom he deeirnbee ta similar to PnQoi> NvaiQionju of Ufjaadai 
nri' diflintiU, to iunk<^ out withrjut aomo fiirlhnr infonuntjnn; but^ 
from Mr. ^^tatiley'e accouut and luy o^su opinion^ thov a^'eta to 
be a typo ol' l;tir'f<ki lined Wahumn — an AbyMiainn-likc race of 
tall people, whu huld Ijirge tra^^lA of j^razing coijulrj and owu 
bund rods of cattlo. 

TL in Kuarcely i^oMibln to say where Mr. Stanley Is fiiplorin;^ 
eiuce ho left Kampveli, but he nmy probably hava examinod 
tbc outlet! aud laleta to the TLiuganylka, and then reached 
the Albert Lake. If he dote m, hs will return via Egvpt 
to Enjrland. baviiL£: iMTigutod the Lttdy AUtx through lakes 
ViL'turin, Albert, W ind^rrmcrp, mul Tatignnyiliit, 

Oar munjh acnjM r^'anda vrpst ^nd ootih-wcut niiii imlnrfmipiwi by ony 
evtui Ui mar ihu K^rui 3u3r I futt lu IvIhr i>nc« more im Iho move in new 
flulils lif tai'lornttuu. Wv lunda a bnve siLow of «puin ^ad gaai wbfU> 




GlUVT OR Sianltyt ErpiffraHtm of tha Nittma Nycms^. 27 



w 



I 

I* 




taovlbt «an:«i Un ewf •vtvtU irf pitUml WititvTLi T^ipttjdA, Onmn mi* nliv 

Mill our ii«i?j¥iil tc*. 

Hmrinf Brnvcd at ibe friaiLar *of Unyoru, wo m«do aU nrllkfi |in:innt- 
Uoi^ nd on jBouaty &tL cuUrrd KaIIs Fegu'v lirrUgrjr. Tho |(oii|c ^od 
1«fi>rt aiw WtiriE liir-Lr provi^irjii* m tliqit lisii? tvljinrl t^i^ai, of vhich 
tfv GDftdc iw. Oii ibv ^U wt; iriic»li)t«i M Ui« tuu if ll>« Ltii(n>ii(^uu« 
uiOiiiiUiu uillud li«tkij^. M Ml altitude o( liGOO frrL «(ki^« the ml K*tl 
of tihc Eov rivex^ fiJ^^ ijT) ivUicb vo (dtdud our Uuti iLu KaUiii£« Itfra 
w rouodiai; froiu tSiu uoriL to tJiQ cuU on li^ ooatw towvrjs L*i« Viotchft i 
ftiiil w«t of ttQ (Ani]^ ihfi IUaodjcd Bjvct bsMOttl hoftnio Utunder from i1« 
Boay oaUcHU nnd n[>itlf a« it nawhud wahrtrd to Ldke ALbtri. }\tiin ono 
ol Uiq DLHijy K|iuti of kiilupi wv vbE«ti»d ft PMiinf idinipM &f Iha kiaiG ^ 
idDiinuiDiii GftDQbtrft);«rA, ^vt^irh Muicu an oltUoJe vf boiivoaa 13^000 oitd 
Ift^l»> foot AlKiTe iho occACL. Sdow jji frc{|UAal^ loen on il^ tbouflh iiol pei^ 
pvCwJ, UpiJO iU CQfQinit dwcU U>o chicJ fnfdLoiiir-moD of KibU R<i»i ft 
pMifl* of KuruiKOD oomplexioD. Some b«1f-di>«iro vl thnn I hira hctii ftiid 
«si naicilcd of wliAt MukuaU. Kii^i; ijf Uk'h^^i ^^^ LivtDx*ttmo sod myKir 
rcqm^bii^ nbltc pMflo vvIjq liTod iiif north of hi* ooquut. llicy ata ft 
hftftdMono iwf^ and «oinii Ki ilio iitiiiioq uo vmcuWly bnatiiaL Tbcir hur 
i> kJnkjt 4bd inclined to bro^a tn coloaN Thdr fL^nCiiTn ftlt ro^lAFt tips 
tiiiDr bot ttctr noMoi^ thou^ wrti-ftJiApvd, %xt Bomcvhdt thitik ftt tb^ point 
B»T«ml of th«r tJvfCODiJanU ftr« »cat<«rid4 thiouuhout Utijc^o, Anltori. and 
Buodd. and tbo tt^ftl dmily of tho Ullor fovitftil oi>Qarty ir^i Li^ibuguinbod, 
1 WD toM, by llioir palo compioxioQi. TLc Quoah ol Ihn Socuft Jabuda, in 
tho Victoria fl I yauco, l4 « dotcQudj^Dt o( tbii triba Wb«DCQ cajedo thiaiiii- 
g«kr pMifiia I ura hu d^) nwan* of Mc^rtoJaiTi;? oxcrpi from tt« WngandD, 
who my tHtt iba iint Kiof; of Ua/ur^ oat^ Ibvm i\vt lud atouu'I Iht biiiKi uf 
Qunbuft^n Uoi3iitsifi» wbwviA tliTt^ugh uuuiy rmiiAilLith^ tirfiy liftVD con- 
tlniHd to Ts»id» for onloflM. Qii tljo jippro^ch <<r itn tni^4&iifi but tbay 
fatrvftt 10 tho DUmmtL of (bo mounifliu, Clio Ln1on» ccid of v^hicli dcQu ibo 
nuvt dttcraiineJ of Ih^ir oDomici. *J'vo ^cnnt nsjo ibo L!inf«ror M'toiEi do- 
■■■lobtd bi* Vtmm Mmuter uilb ftboiit lOO^OCO inon to Gmasbtro^i^rB ind 
ynanroi but though tho gtvftt Owitnl of I'lriudA t^'copM tli««loEwi ftnd 
ftiM»<1 a lon^ w>,y id (HinoJ^ h«< vma rr>u)p«ilh! \ry th« intLiiVTtt ClLUMLto 
lo ddflcnd wiLhotil baviog c^nptiin^il inon^ rlmii fl fvw blo^Ji lU/frj, tlio jnl** 
ko&i triho liavipg roiroAtod to their iinfrcg:n4blo fcrtrv« at iho >uii]mit. 

Tho iTKianum, it Rpp«nr«H i> aq ontincT vnLfhui^ far on dw top of it u ft 
CTyWil-^]*«r Ukft, alwia ftUti yurrli m IniRtb, ff.nn iho p#Pir*of whirti ri»f» 
ftOr>inmri4iko firk In ft f:r4Al b«iiclit A ilin of ttOTie, IU« a wnll, mrrouDdft 
tho unnimii, vlihift Vih\f\\ attt i^mral vilUgKii^ ivbvTO iHa frlnclpal mnlLclTkfr 
VPftrk ind hi* E«oplo FOndv- Tcvo mnn of ibtn liib^, nrhrr miphc be IcOtOA >t 
4t*1 glirf* ^jr (ftppln In whlfo ^VajXm, uttiinipiiiiH Potoijiijni. ft wiWhirf 
vidrr temhxni, ftud onr fiptditititi M l^ikrr Albert bud Wk To tTt;]iTidn: 
bvi ilwy wrro ailivmely uiicominun^iAiivc. rimL Tuiiblnir of r.h<i hint my of 
thoir BftUiiik coiilcl I obiflin fnmi xUcnu Tboir <lii-t conxttia tif ujLIX nnd 
iMiftPM, ftnd tbpy wnroMiR only mm nf rank In the eniine force anJor 
SunboORl vho jxiiiBriu'!^! morfl than two inl1i:h-t!0\*'s ro mi^idy IIk-iu >vilh njUk 
nfcdivoft the tniu>]h. ^'knjiij^Li) Lo wboDi thrr wtTir friendly, and tinOrr wEioui 
ihty lad tntulled IbiiiDai^lius, ttaE^fl ibnt ihvy rtlwIk^L) ii;:iiiiij(l KfiLl»i lUfH* 
UlJ* tOftrjId bib vrfii^ua:ii:(\ toui^bi rL'tugu witij biiuwir. AtJUtliar xjiixiiuvii 
oi uuo \H'luL4'-iioii]iiUitnrLi^ [H-uplu I haw jttibi^ CiMUl of M*lwt iti ibf' |vttoii 
of Prifico NninJoijJiL. ibr Vrn^tfici of th^? luJguiiiif Riui; N'jii^a [<f GaiuEurA/ai^ 
When I dn( met tliia nmu I tocik blia fur a youu^ AT»b of Cairo vibo hid 
diOBQU Ic rmdc in IT^ouda fur Bomc^ uukJjijwa rcaouu. oud it wob not vuiLl I 
had HCfu Btfvc^Jbl bpccimciia of tlic bamo lal^ coLum tliaL J tvuld belivTu r^iai 



28 UlUNT on Si€inii^yt Expiorttl\«n of the Vl<tori<ii iVyimm. 



then (xulcd t, Ur^ uid timniront tHbft of nwti a lingiilAr hna i\i lh« h»rt 
flf AfrcA, rvTiii^v Tntm ilxr imctr of nil invpllvn and tnul^ng cun^vair. 
Afrid I" CTfuiiily ilifr "hflnnr. of Jighi-hfitlof* fnblf," mmnnoa, und ni|*t- 
■llliun, liME 1 sh«3i l>otiove or<<r hcii^.> llint tbcro «x;itt mtac «l]£bT modicum 
*f Iruth ir^ bU the iWr*.Tnr-iitn i>nH rovi^biioim nf tbpiH* *Tniplp JnTk. On tho 
•hiire* r)f thp VicrJiriiiH in UiJiliiirrifl, I hi-iifd of a j^'ikpln f»T nnrTh |H*«f*Hiii|( 
vcT/ lnrn*<lM'/«fif <Mdi li'trr* imiiro f linr. Iliny wnrfl or^m inlifri lowar apainift 
t)i" iiicTOim oJ th«Jr mwtuni, TJiPflc iwnplp 1 Milmifiucndy iwpBrIftli>M lo frtt 
(hr> Watedl, a trih* living north cf I'lJign. Tlie niinm Ttihfl alii^ In thdr 
THrioirt wart w^tb Ugnnilft, h»v<: fni^UHmlv lux-n fnrm'i ««iTit»g iron^irmixir! 
Again, fclxiUi fimr^rrtr* ii;!ci, wJ.iTi njilnrmj: rJnj TfiJiirJinvJk* with Litirig* 
Hbonf, I IiiilttI (hiTii ii^Uunl h Mliit^' nii't' Nurili tif tFT.j|{n, AC iTtAt Ijitiui 
T.itliijfHtmfi iiEiU Tiiyu'll' Miitln] hL tlu' nJntiirULly of n wUlc jHi^ilu liTtujt En 
t)i« h*ftrl ftf Afrini. ji!i<i iBcrilx'-l tlm rf*]M.rl IJ ilic llKht'lpfo>rn Colour of ihe 
Wanindi. No*, 1 have nut vtAy mi-h Jio miHitrj of thcao whUo jfcpl'.-, btit 
KVcm! biiccJiiipiis of Ibt.'iit'vlvcH ui vtirimiH ^xtkhIa mm! Iu illfl'trc^u^ ])1Ji<^b. 
Were it not for llip u«iiHjitl Ji>iu. I nliyuM my Lln?i_v wrfB Kntuj*»H.u» tw sinui^ 
li;;bt-uu]outril ,\iii»tlos ii^t:ti u ^yfWiii ur Armi^niiiiuiL, .H^^^f^f/^JN of ihnr 
aiiijt"!^ ('i^4[Lio», I Imvc Luufd iJmL Ilic flnt Kiug of Ki*lakktii, u c^ninlrr 
i*iiilh-rf[at of Kiniijwt, WM au Anb, wlitan fldmimt la filJIl |>T^crT<:d witli 
grMt mrcjeiioc tij' lilt! |imcij1. rti^^nin^^ fUiuJly. 

Our fiirtb»i[ iftsm;;*" tj \a\\w A^w-tt vi-m iilt>ni£ lln^ Boutlcni Ijank of Iho 
KutaiitEO ILivur, wliicU wiinlii m uM out mm^iit: ilmp iiiniiTiUJn fnldi^ ind 
rUftW lM«dliii]|t on tl^ cuufni^ Li; rLtuioi; cAlAhLCL> mA innwlui^ ruiiJLlK. Ten 
bouEV* Hwift Duudjing coablol us lo cri.4- hq uiiLiiljnbited crflct of Aukgd nod 
miorgc asnia id UliJOIO>ia the dinMici oi Kitif^wrndOk «'h»cb U wtlL njpU' 
Utcd ana CbUiTiktodH Our ^iiddcn iptfAntnt^i nn iht^ rorni^, wjlli drwns 
bfiAlJflt'i ccrloun ^finXy nrul bitjcifii b3owi(i|E, rlriiro l}ie iijiliv* in a \\\\\\c frc^i 
ibcir rii^Ulii Aii<i (licir hi^Lthsi, {q rodi hoi buiie, tlinl tiuui^ of cur people fonni 
Uifl (mTiil;^ porrj^fii; ilill cc»3kiii!-H nml srcfit jiDtj full of milk HTAiidma ready for 
lijo ovenirs mcnl. It had Vccu j-rcviouflly agrrc^ upon bpt«von ^OencrJ" 
t^nrQli<>OEi juitJ tnynclf tliat if Xac inhabttanU ciiooo Iv (vimiu our |«tO*fti 
pAniJi^o throiLEb Onynroj iir> riolmtv iviu 1o bo ^oaa lo aov ponmt. But it 
Kitiiiwcmlii w*i fiiund <mr«lre* In poswiiJnn of a jwipiil^Da and tbri'rtO([ 
diilfici, wii^j not a alngie muI nur iij> lo liivo aay inibrmalion, Laka A|bcTt| 
OD tLo evening of Janoary 9» au nbout ihroo mUca cJuo nwti and U W- 
hoTod ua tkiAt wo migbt iioi ba curprued to obtain infi>rinntioo a« to tlM 
faoliaffi of tlio country towanla ns, Samboori irai cl«T«r anoujEh to pareatra 
Iho pofllliOQ, and ba eoDubUd Ko oond out !iOO m«a nr:tt moni'mff u aooau^ 
to ca|iturff a fov me^ thront^h tvhuiii ^u could oommanioito uitb tho Ohjof 
of KtUjTi^'vriJiit iLnd aatiafy him tlint if unmclf«rod wc bad Jio bcatita in- 
timtLoii, bui tUftl if ittrmlttad to miilo Um inculhi^ wv would paj bjm la 
dorti, hfrn^B^ at wife for wbntflpnr «m oftnuiroftiL 

Tho ni?5!l daf wa» ii hilf ^ bjiJ iho i-cout* brougtit tn Ova uilUTaa, vho wa» 
acat wab a loicwfiil in<*c«ga lo tba chief, Thia milivBdiul did not ddgnto 
anvher lia. inituvli w" knnw lio raudcd an ibe ■fimmit of tlio Tnounbhin rioaa 
lij. ni» tijfi 1 1 tk ^vit murrtft nnr nrrny (j^ ivitliin (tii4^ mill* of t>iri ailj^ nf Hio 
|ilftlim^ IfOO fficL hfbw wbkb Will llift Allwrt KWnhtii. Tl^ni W4> i^iekI mrMl 
oitr cfit.ir^on tbo momhig of I^io llfli, nml, Ti'0(tivlri;j rm wonl friMii ibo chlaf 
of Ibo Kiin'^wpji-in nref Unynmpftlim 'smt 500 Wiif-midji unii ftOof tho Aoglo* 
Aoit^ioui KiE|)i*ilrtkm tOBiirkiraiaLonliijfcrafcn^^nt jioat, nnd to borroi? thi^nae 
<]f aUcAnuOialuDiKLhsoiiaatatlhH InieurOi^tilatmii on «vhiHi wriwnnTjimpcd. 
Iu abuat thrw houra tba paojiuioilnug r>irty ivUirn<.'il, Mngiii;; Infrirmaliun 
diat thoy had only auccndii-l in wrTiirlii|{ Avti htilhII rHinief, 1iii> mimll In Tjs of 

* '*Tb(n:ouolryof™u" IlU^ndly-— J. A, G. 





CiuxT on Sicnfffi /^il»tt(tM ^ihe Vi<tma iV^oftm. 29 

ttjy mniw to u^ and ib«l Itia flTjum hAd Alrfexlj- <pmu! nti mSoo^ th« Mliortf 
UiAt 1 lAr^ foTM or winuig^vn luvl »TiiT«d At Uj« bJra for war purjiMrc 

TIta l^ih ntna a^ni by m^^ In crdcnvGiinn; <a tadiLoc SunbouEl ta mon to 
the bkfii thii vk might buidl n furtiftcJ pliin< ami i:iTit Ifae bd&t /.arfy A£ir» 
»lfadr, but It VHi in vaJn. Tim ttntitm had hy iSiik rccuwrcvl ihoir vitj^ 

iKftOwlvi* flit -m iHiiri tn pitMiAh tu t^r orir tmuTliy. OriOi^ vn ftiilin! rtui 
ofoiirwrfip fc-T % hiitlli! ; but itjey, while wlL|idniwln?. toKi u* mofliiniily U> 
ko^our tuunsik fur ibc noit liny. tlaatjlu U> t^HJOdct fiuvbocvl Uk moVft 
bkttmpor itjty lougE^f li^au tiuc uiriltLiy, lijfrmniuiuieilJbriiaoaly tontdm 
lo UiEVubi, atvl tegonlEJiKiy uu iJw u^^tiL^f ilm V2tli it wi« rvMlveJ lo rvturn 
■od uy ui lIImwav Mut oUj«rviiuiiiiy nluiru Uio i-x^tiion cauM ampin 
nl«iy, tfliUrt I irijiknd ihu Itke Iti iliv irft/y vl^cr. Uu ibo ukorninij uf Ui« 
IdUi wawitiiii ou our nlura froiu llkc Allc^t in orloi of bB,cUc; £00 KEicfti- 
incu IuItud^ 'fOO T^r llu? imr^ kdup^ i^ad 1000 ejicanovLi udtLo oipnlliion iu 
tlu naErr. Wbi'lUr it wu uur unuivct cubiiJiiithtlpnfVDttioualUclc utuvt 

uiiBwlo4af» ilkc uAliTCA cicjoty cLvti^ \u on ^i^n icbr to BijAtcL nLiiijt^ci^ Ou 

Mbadt UBb btit a fcwTQUOiliC'f UU-ufituUailupcnod tbom. Oatho 16^ wg 

UowtTirr filifilillajjy yirur KAiIun uuy iLiiik <f Oiir triii Itj tht Albert, 

boncftily I Jo lub tuppuo I bftvo «vor Icoq gaLUy itt tittii a Lut'lmitfcd 
otumpt aa ibis Wore. I tcnaeiliuc!* Ihibk, duonftb it ^foM luiTe bwn uii- 
iirdy cooffOTT itf onJcr** Ibat it wcmld haic lu«i tntto- 1« havw Utmahod tbo 
bat utd lo poi^ cxpkjfud thv Ulcci loftviti^ tbo tixpcditba to Uko oar* of 
iiAcLI^ i^ prrah pr purviv« my afeMioc. DuL I folt il wovU btt UjO EnAb a 
}jiLy, 4ad tia«C If vng rend vat closed ibcro mlKbt [TubAltly bo otbcr* qien ; 
•o tbttAOcr mcicb JdilicmUoD withmyvolT. I ro«>WM to Tvtu-ra and oodcarour 
ti»diKorcr B|tu-tof thDchcro moro unenobk tornuion aod o^icq to frioadly 
^Hb tbttn hovtita Cnycro or Ankuri. 

TbouKh vo iu«du fltrioE tnqnmiM. vrv ovuld kUou f;o ncwa of Gordon cr liLs 
■toanipr* ; Iho uali^iH of L'uy4iu|iaiu Uni novcr IkQard of a 9h\]i or uiy vnuvl 
IvticrlbfUk k Ooooo; uid iL is ilopoaiiblo tha; a tvuq] eo lingular u a iCcaniar 
oorndLppEwchAcuUMOgora without the notfii^tuclj ^Dpiantioii bi.'Cjming 
notori^uA, 

Tba »a;7anliiavl kDOwLwiKv w9 Imvw baai xhU ii>*oquitt by oar farelbU fiu»b 

IhVATtMl rvv'rrojrA of ibc XikvEbo Vicloriavid Albert NiyuiuJi. tha iln^clur* 
of tat roouiiUiQi md riil^n, l]i« oooiw of tbo WBtenbcdji, htuL that t^f tl>c 
nvm lutno^A •ni) Hti)nrj;£0, h^vfi liwn Kivrvilnl. The pi^it iiiuttcuin Gim- 
btT^pm, jLiid Ua tin^uhr |iiH>(jlfr !i:ivii Iktii divoovvrL^d. bMiilvaa ixirtiou cf a 
iSiwp fjulff^f lliu ^lU^rtf which I bavo tik^u tliu liWty to call, 1m burutur of 
faerRrtyal Hlghiuui cho Prtnoues Ib^xtrici^ fiuir, Tfii^ Alnx^t n JAk<j L>r iitttU, 
ii fbnncd by ib« ynmaxwrj of CuongcTn, which run* w\iih-wpjt torn-' 
30 miTtn fnxn iv poEnt 10 gmii^niiihicAl miliv north uf CDyuiuiJjikjk Tlii> 
MAfim a1i(.int of ili# ;^iilf Ia r^rmnl liy i.lw Gf»\nti-\m of InvigMn, UnyftnipiittH« 
huhoju, kMil M[iiriin>t wtiEcb t^LOAt-llriit HLiti » nt^rW ■,!-«, nmirww flMwrnn 
Bljionito aad l^iumgom rii^nd [lin Ubuidn of thi; mftriUmu tUic nf rtimitiL 
mat ijf I'fttngom U IJkonWl. on tlifl w-tf*tcru ctnitof liikc Albej^l, repiiti?ii U* 
be peopkil by caonihtU- Ki>nh of L^ktnju ii the ajrat osaiitfy of Uleg>Ti, 
Coming to (lifl fa^li.'Tti ihr^rti of i^\f AlUri, wc h&v« Huntidn riinr}iii|: from 
lfl»mmor thu vivi(' to I'kooju ^rt tlio wiiei. <cruiryjh|> thu wMr- a( tiirj «xii,b 
and ■oDlis-uut omwtnf Ijkko Aibi^rlH S^nih of CuyuuiahJi, iiii ihti nmt «ii](v 
)1 Inuigirji UEjd iiutLh uf Irai^gaia Lbc diHiru^l of T(^ii>, Uttyuro uccimivt tho 
wbolc of ihc Mdt tJdu fruiu Lho Murt:Lbou Ftiii» of Ihe VktoTA NjJi: to 



do GvABiT on Stajihy's ErjJc/roXi&n of the Virtaria Xyatua. 

MptNvixi, f^ (Jayuniiakii, Toro, lKu1»i|u. and fmi|m f^ mtnlj dialrcU vt 
Uhtoto. Hw grcmt piXHuontoiy «f U*oiLEvn^ wbic^i tinlf aluart* io Bolticv 
Qulf. u) tcHicitv; to nabbi Btsci, Ibou^h eoi^emod by ^yihJ^ Kiiqc of Qan^ 
bui^uv. UwDUonia lliourvuC tuIl-Ml vrh^iEii;* hII tljRiHJiiiiitMiliiiii^ o^mUttdtf 
obUJlJ lUui Mtlt It lA, fiiirti hU ncwuiiU>.A vfsrv UnJ ar wunJcrm, but iLc 
tnvdkr dcdrou* of cif>toTi[u; il iliouM Wa n UiaaHnJ SnMtia lo Dii:tte<t 
bllD, for tbc BfttiTC*, liko tliQK of Ankon» cnro for totbinj; \iMt reiik And c^l* 
itdriB, AmoTU lh»w(3D(l«ncf«<tit<d lo it Dfr n oiocnlAiii tmillJDf "firg «ud 
tflanut," aeilWJlko of OOaiUartbli: (<ttni(,* wvivr*! bilU of ro<k<4«il1,ft UiS« 
plAin ciiGmHiflJ (bIcVIr wIcK ttlt And Atkjili> lirwd of vcryloa^ dtifiof witm- 
urdioary ferocity, «id * raeo of aucb lon^-lc'^i^l dl|]?u tpftt MiiUtfy tnotttU 
regwd tbetn with BUtptbe and aw^. The Wasftn-Jo. who have i&wcd Ihflir 
oountr^ for tbj; ittStD of bi»iy. *A:ri1>c n cool oonraso W th<M pMp)s ogaiiiAt 
vhjcti ivll lljfltr mtrnlfn inil ivull'-kni'twn rjipfirtnc«it vitn Abu^M and iptar 
VETO of UUlc aTflil. TW> artr, h-jid<4, i<xlrrmdy cUnm^h^ anA allov uoDO«i 
thar tribe lo iaUrmflny with iinin^ri. Tbcif diet coiLDiAUt ■oUly of laUki 
Thdr aoto oeoupniioD consiBU in vatohiiig iboir vowi, ol vrhiob ttivy bnvc ui 
umDOUO wunWc i and it wib« fo<'i;j<Cur««in«af thoir hn<jfl tbattbv KrnpTor 
oT Ueuidft «fnt iOO.lXXJ mun, uudc* hit Primij IHioiatcir, t^ UocmjcnFa, 'JTio 
oxpNirion iw ntccanfol, for by fell ncoouniJi ih« Wa^^anda niihmtid to tlwlr 
oooQtrv yrith about SO,OOD hood; but w dcairly v^ttPO U1B7 pnroboa^d bftiui 
Low or human lifo, that it u doubtful wh<^thflT fuch a raid vnU «^n U 
atlataptfd to U»npn«. 

1 iJKfOM to rr«L bfirv « oouplo nf daj^. and thoQ to prootid to Ksfi^va to 
diteovar ftivotbor To«d lo Lak« Albert. 

PA — Onf Map oa lAko Albert in Unyumpaki wm aituofpj In n. long, 
31*1:4' a^y by (Hb^rrniioti, and v. Ut tTK^'f by uccuct TIm promoriloty 
of Uaon^cn, du« wni^ wu nhout 15 miles. 



April ^iih, Wi. 

1V« dnartol from tha cik|ifr&l of XMr*;;^? wir.li vtjry bmvp InlenHoria and 
high a^^rtiiona. W# had dii«mvT«l i^xt ilii* KaRKm fi*™*!-*! % gwnf lako 
About sb ittWtt In loDgth nnd frnm r> tn 14 thIIm In brr^vlrli, vn! thjit at 
Klabakkn ii wu itilL n pnu^rrfiil, cSorii-TlowlTii^ fiiraaTn, vhllf rojmrifl TKim 
imtJTa and Aralnt liad ovjiird cnrii^iu IlIuu wliliin cnir mlndi u to ihp fmin* 
taiiJ*bMd r>r (kin nnUrr (ii-rr. Imbuol with thr i^Mni^tit r>int by Jniimpying a 
MiQIddDt dlntAnpTi nlon^ liM H^ht bank ip« inijEht dlnsuvnr ^kift ik>iht>c» "Hrr nuue 
ntaple pnfATixtlriuii IW (ruuLug a svidii wildamvia, pu^k'ul (i^n i^iiyn^ jirorbkoi 
of graiu oD tko ftliouldvi-d 4jf «c1j mui of tlio OKpedltiiiiif niiil <»ij Dlh 2Ttb of 
Mafth act out fjr tlic uniiitiBUtoi Uad^ On the f«:ond dny <ff "lur dnpafliuv 
from Ibn KftmjiWD tApiUil va tmiui to tbv i<u1. iidp of a luko, a loDg, nnmitfi 
wUidiujt Wy ut ualw, Wu uiai^iud hIlhlji: it4 uatturu Bburu fiji' Uirvc dnya< a 
dlilBuw of 80 iqIIm i ou ll« fourlii mid nftkila>«aij lAi-lJuvliii^ lidirr^ iihiit 
it frwn our rlav irhilo marohlnKi but by ut tinker nil ly ttJciiiuTiiitiLJt: t]ju 
obaUclu I nUJUk^od to obtAUx vicvra of ila atrcni^^-likc wiilof. >tilL ulcudiug 
iDuLh nod BOUth-weflL On tht Btttb day wc cAme to Ubimba, tho frmutior of 
£arBBwai wbfr«i boliiud a rid^Vt vhbiclj oitcuiiB bnl^ivccu Ublcibn and Iho 
U0, WO aaw iLff cutitmc uuih eod of iIki Uki^ ire hnd au loiiiE lulb^od. 
Vrom a point of obwrvntioTi Tt^ar ULimhft wi: raw alfrp a fWir]i<d cbatijca lu 
the fimnfltba tJ tho broad ralky of the Ka^ni Tim moiHiUinoWi ridfiia 
boundinji tb« tve8t«ro «bore i>( thi Ea^rn^ which, ciilcnd lug from tha Mp«> 



fsjiKT Of) Stanlinj$ Kiploratitm ofikt Vitima K^itta, 51 



» 



fciio sDutli, cuniiiiuv uii a tuiJtl>-b]Miiri«Bi oowwi bffame 1fn>kni Kid tioufuml 
la fioiiElwni KriJinVkA, fiuil vn<m pfEutinisd firjrn tlit nori^^vttt l>/flwidc 
v^loy, through whccb laBttnl hiin U10 K*jp-n ft l&ko^lka rira calleu Akua- 
jBni. Boutb-wvii w,u iiHii Uic coune uf tbo Ka^ra, vbiot. ibtne tiw cafi* 
B&CDCoof LliD AluDfBiil nilJi il Hu cJuljB iviifl^lTkntiUi; Mrvm of uo t^ssj 
lemt oo[}lIj </r lidmdtli. t>i]ch & rivi?r I iLouubl invlit wrll U i-r««ted b? (1h9 
uAui*K« lJ tkviunb Urufiili ai^d W«Urii iJlUi. Mjr alLuiliuu ttv* iu»wji 
frtvk IM Kogm to dm lkkD»11kc AltuBui of Akaiiraj-ii, anil Acvcnl natitCM 
il^cid to me irbila looklojc lovaitU Jt ibal jt wu ui tfflEiPut of tho K«Rer^ 
Vkd tbU U ;(n^«i mto tha Albrrt >iij^A:ju, Sucb cui cilrnoiJiaUT "Uio- 
lOant u Uii* ahoulduot bo rKVin.-^ aqJ tTBiibinLitcii from mc i(» ^ruu u a l««t 
villKnil my Ixbv abl* ti> OOTTobOTmtpo \l nu ynnvanX ttM^nXy. T^\\*Uv%\\aa 
vi tho moLiih o( Ctin Ahanyara provca tbul iLc Akanyuu » uui ui ctflncab* 
but id aik ut^Lii^at, of Uio KA^jcnL Bcycikd ib« luoulh of tlie Akaiiybm I Avn^ 
not i;0| u the ualivci cf Ki^hiLkka ext the left Ittok, ai>d Ucufu cu tL< n^^bt 
bank, aT fe t:r*atik4l too wild. I find that ihr Icni^'lcflx™ mcM ifiLntiliax 
Iho oountrjon rt^iA of I'faiidA, Kan^wis tuid L'ui| L«vv » dovlly aroiBltm to 
alnnjt«nL 'Av *]|tht ctc& of o atraEi^ liqt *«ma aaffifiimt to •end tbofu iiilo 
a EDDil ngo and rarmjvroi of ipcor-ilulEiiif; and bov-bandiiig. Thc7 aro oU 

Bun nubt of U1IL- uicfTmisjTc toiplnhn^ Ixoil (icQttn^ <<n xhv VioUiru L4k^ 
^1^*5 am BO drtucJfuUy rkfnid vf itmiue U^uli cAitit^ Ibnt if onfl cqiit di^B fpvnt 
ttcknvaa Iha wJiulo cuuairf U loarow to diaeoTai tfaft atrangor v«lio baa 
bcrltobbi thoflauuai lo icath.aDd^irruh a ptncA bafooiidtbu liro U Torfclt 
to tba purblind, «tDalMij-AJi>«l nativoik BumiLti bciii^ frcqiicotLy anttiiiidi 
ona anothtr ia all countriu* veUi thrit bobbin, and by cbowmK vxo«ariva 
fondaif fof cnUl, boraia; tkoit Cal^ oIuOit*, hfrlx, A:c-., bnt ttjw 3vvv wbich Uie 
IVamiAoa, %Vanya[i)con, Wa-Kiiubdar Wa-XinliAkkt, Wajiulu, W^nyciULWi 
afid Watttfl, axbitnt ft^c ihcir aitlo m id ortTODL^, roctrQiric, tnd miftcr-lika 
fi*fW?lVmi A vtrvigcrr migbl liio m iny <>i Ihow coiiijtrL« tor Ini^k cf oae drop 
<if aUb' Oontfrotia and awnt-tompmi » Rnmaiuka proved liitntcU, he 
ik*v««ir«riod ma «v«a om tM«|Cionnit dviiojE lb« titn« I naai^Lih Um.iiDil, 
bad ba nJrvn nti a cavn, hlft ]*opla would mtvn tfim blm hmb frora limb. 
From thin txoaulvo low for thoir caiUa i^tnft iTiotr bntiiilty la itnuigDn, 
vbich aiiiat from a droad of arlt or fair of danger u Uia kine. By main* 
tatninz a iLrlot qiwinltDft, and a lyMtflm of eccbWTcofWi, ibn bopo to wird oH 
all «vij nnil tiiddnn dtioiUr By omrifaritiK tbe infennfttion d*tiv«d Tnon* 
nac^Taa iif lllilmliA, ITiC^ifii* Kiihulcka. ITririLli^ am! Himndn, 1 Am abla to 

£lTa ymi ndilitinjuiLl dilfLlla nf Ihr ioiifca nnd cnnru of tim Kamra H]TDr,imd I 
□td tmt la mj-Mlf inimp nmnll Jujpc thnt in n fi'w moiithi fcin tbo prontit 
dntc 1 mny be ablu 10 cipbru trom iingLlicr quttrtcr a imci oC ountrj vrhidi, 
bjrjiulh'-ticaEJy, I bcliore coataliu tb« fouccajs-bcad of iMt river. Uutil tliSit 
\mvA lilt ilie rfitlnwing Ataod for tba mmoatof oar knotflediBBof iL Ytmi 91 
rldgu c^vaj- Mlagiu Hot SprluEi^ havjiMt in iltlMii^o fif l^AOO fwl above clio 
Occas, [ obtained a view of liio Urumbiro Mi>ijiLE(bioi. wliiclk lave a bol^bt cf 
about 12,001) fciit. Ulu grctip mmifltA of two au^ni-luuf couco oud a rJdioo- 
liLo mn, and in sltuiiln] aluut 40 KHMunpiiicsil iitiJm h.k.v. fnnjD Mlagii<> 
funmoK a iarficr at thai stvt U4w>.tn Mj>utt.>Tu aliU K^iiui^i. Ilia cootm of 
idJ th« uiain ridgu ofid vAlJoyj* fi«ju Unainla L> iW Victoria Kiyoum n^pcoL!! 
to ba ioulL hy wvl. Na.y, yvii may luy iLut ftuio AtciaodiU to Uk t^jtuaa 
Lake, iIm fc'utnJ portikia of Afilui neiuijii to bv foroMid Into ridffOii deep 

b^ irasli ot fmm north'Out to Ktutli'wuit. Rci^ard tliu voumo of ibn ITilo 
from 1^0 Albert to AluiEUidnEs. ihe ixuitlun uf IakT?B ALbvrt, TaujtUi.Vtka, 
and 2>yiH«s ^ v^cll ab tbn Vik;t<>ri<t Laka. t'oliow tlio cutino of lUu Mukat- 
tam note of uiuuaUlujt tlj^^uib Nubiv, Abyvida, GtUa, UaaaL, and Umt 



4 



4 



I 



4 



d2 Glu:ir tm Stanieyt f-rjJar^itiem t^fiht VitMoH4i Nygaso. 



i 



llkitraib 



Inci tU iibMHM of 3lM»i, Unjwrhwtii, Uvon, Uliai, mKlh u tW 

Uko, nwiiiia^ Imm. Ami pkuux Ji fiooi ttcrtbtMrtcrty to 

Ofi t feta*it itUs U !■ eva vvkb bU ihri irmuiMu ijiIimh 

TMllmWvtwiUUkaVkWrawd AlbaU ll mo* m If db* Outv 

Li^ A&kft wfaol— d«fw ih^itnaJ «naiT«U«* wUA ten W Mvdbr 

ik kuLhj *wL Innd w|«ow of e r j itoi deti iniKr-^vn* 

aaovOTva ffwtlk of whkL bmI* Iem«1 A*i «xpknite la£MM,lni 
nuvftUiw of €P omacp w fn>HS •opuaCod frta cMk etitm hgr 4n^ 
"m «uh xhiudnd fBolingieM wodw j<—toJ to tbo ykir U » ^ 
b ULipiA Moi««atD. wbiU lo*kiB^ UmmAt tk UfWntkfo teat^ 
* Ti«U« thno loftj ndM* ftttvaln) by u mmy taad v»Bm, flitt* 
Uangeud U«t«xi KAn ««l of tb* K«|pn Uli. ml V«Ber, «^ in»i 
of tU»««» ivo ridfM, «tih tbofaUajror JlDTvltew«Mlb*t«9 
■DMC, tad Ibo t:i11i7 «4 loMwU bvt««A Um t«« ^wUrtigwff, llift two 
klur appotr 14 nui [ViAU witli Mch odm itw ««<t Md vol of tba Virmt* 
Mn HoUQlMtti, md tbot in iho t^Uj «( Ih« |fi XsKiffftDgD or KairuoDgo 
Jbtc^ vMli^ntlaslB tWCR&alijroM«itfittiBLAD*iiOotk bgr vmI Wi«>«ai 
UaiMinid HoiodL nd tDtcn tba Aknrvm I^t*^ akisfa Ig aOb^XtialM 
In ftUni- fftotD iba Akuijftni lake tuoo U« Akattjwn Hiw, b*ttt<«n 
U0DAiudKyMUn,bii»lhtSi9trL 'nn Kagvft Frt^, oomiac Ikn ikie 
•Mttl^wvl, alfo tMoB Il)« Akujarx I^*, bat htm U Moib of Lgcfi^ anil 
likM A «urTc DOrth'«uMlj tMWMO VgrsTa tad WmIhb L'niL V^'nt «| 
JlbUiWV I flDuU obtain no ctrt«in InwIl^naL T hky« bMnI <:f uotbar 
krp Ul« lylSig nvc* Imi vhal mnDEcllaq It tw vlih ih« Kacmm* or vfaMbtr 
It hM ftiijr I camiol iotfn ^Ba\ttAy. One nyi thu 1b an ann of Lata Nuga 
(IT I^kdAlbat, notber^advnaii (o be a arpinita vtArr. Wlotorw ie b«^ 1 
iriui ] aUI baabta ivdhMraat t Inivr [«noil. With the hnt kfiitntinu to 
jtfDHnite nj AplotatiotB atone Ebe Kachcs, I wa« |qualjwil bjr fun^M in 
Uitji oTfl iliw bntfiflijof tbv wanuidJ,«Admatb«i8CQ»obUp4b>afaaadctt 
capIuntliuQ from tUa >Ua of thn Tan^a/Ika. Sonunln^ nit ail Urn ehaotta 
ifBiAalnr Ibr nw loalo good week iiIUkmiL txpoidb^ nbV ^T B""^ 'iid 
tliB faMlui and taKf;^ m in nc^ I nw It ««i uubWid id iii Jovn and 
lanuieb tdTKtJiiA a^TiiBi llo tulracUbb £iatlvn,aiid llmt itvtM Ur Umtt 
and laor? mauily tu bunjr on lu uibtr iheiuiu, toil Ir^ IjaLv Albert tv uiitihfr 
routa fjuiEi thr ouixnilc ^iLMlcr. Yuu will ivroitTB b/ t]jLi IvUrr Jul I am 
now tu WctUTD Uii)raiiiwtt,i, abgut flftRU da^ Jouiucy froTn UjSJu Whu t 

Crojioaa doinj£ Iktw U ta jiiLCnd quitAIy to Uiiji^ thi^ a^i'hiv tbc TAlii^injrika 
I tny boat, &iid from UiLiizv aUiko iJ<;Filb Ic ihv AIUtL ; ju]d. if llat hul 1« 
ccicopvu, tu CTM* Ujo TaiicuixlkiL ouil liA^xd jiojtli b; a □vuuiloua oountio 
rfTccL ibe dLloialfOA of tJao Albert, h may not U actnallf otnaatq to 
njiliau lliDi fiite. fcrOotdcu craomo of bu gfBocia aay bnfv ai;cuuiilbmd 
ijju a-ork, ba; 1 La^a no ucana of kDOwiuc wbe<tbcr thcj bare duuo aj ur cut; 
il lliVTcfDi^ rtELiuna tor mCh if tbe fait bo |KMibl«, to CLicaiaaaTlj^tu jl. If it 
it not, 1 iball firilo out brt^irr ivpuikM, anil cootinLu fajJ^mtion tUe^rhmv 
until m7 povortj of goodi watna Oic lo rtliini. Br tbo mojc bevrr nbicb 
ooureyi tliU loticr to lb« ooaat I ■cmd tour othvia, vrbkb har« bocn kqA bj 
tat mtlW I bnd aa oppoitQinty to Kod ibvai. Throe, at loaaU 1 niinjt^il to 
put In pDTKA into Ilia bandaoT one of Uordon'a offi^cnt; but It iru nut iatrd 
to bo ao. E^TOm Ijiji I aWl Mud tho cLuplicatoa of thc« lottcra to liio cooat; 
a&dfbafoio i quiro Icara tbat port, I vxpcot to pooatu other £cognphual (tuna 
to tnnamlt to yon. 
Qwdoa ^hU Trat kmd onough to und m« a'D^ly IVltf^pb'ofDnem- 



I 




GrjLVT en Statdf^'t Erpjomticn 0/ the KirfOTtf yyanso^ 33 

r4, xnJl t 'PinJI MjiII Ouvlt*' oftiir mtu" rucinth, njiicli I njcmivol 

]\M \>i(iin tinrt\ng r^i thn ALUirb Nivm^im. Tn lhi» ' Dftilv Tote* 

T uw ft thurt lcii«i from Ckmsron, dAtod Mjij 3, 1573, whcnfJn be mji» 

iluin:vomi tho oaUci of the TuEfttiyika to bo ths Lukugn. OunMva 

IwMjvlifi hkji not r|tnt« CiiL7unuUTicat«ii th0TMJ]:jiaTiki, bcotnte ho dij not 
thiuk tt imiflb Ahile,Afkr itk*eurvriae i^r LdLiiK*, It irwy bnOknwniu. hf 
thii uuibafao. bu left me somnlhinif Uv ilbcuvur lu \\xi% ijuiiri^r; Ijiit whetLor 
c!(r ix< tho ii'i'^y ^fton fhhll not quit iLo nalcrt ol l\iAl Uke nuul I Lnvif 

fuisbfj tho Lw^thirdfl bft ucirNiitc^ by ma on fQT ^rvt cAiiKlilioD. la tho 
' FiU Mjtl] G»Mttii ' I ivnil 4 m^-Tf nlnrllinx nUtctacfit, irhicli -lOBcrrn froni nM 

«rtidr «t4tol thctllVjlmjal him^u "f tbc BxjplAln mttIov ^^ v^IbiqI l^At lie, 
bad JQit rrtuTTifd from * v'wi io the Kin; cf CicKodo, and luui tlbcovcred to 
till BurpriaMhftt l*kc Vjdoriji wm a bodrcf H«i«r ibout 12 miW iniriilUi 1 
K<>ti, i 1^ knonr it as ■ faoi th»t L'olan«l Ijod£, or Loiu; Bey, vu in Upv^Jft 
ia Jtily, I373j but if 1j« HtAt^ th^t tlie Victoria TfijrMu i« <ai\j 12 mitu in 
widish be MAlCft vbat ovary naub-Bowd uroKln in Usitnda wwld drcUn lo bo 
UMt utoQadinf lummnw. Tho vidth of 13 tuila (> «to I ivonldKlvoto 
Mnrehiaon Ba^-^ pcirtiaa of wbi^h ij vuiUe from Eibo^, odo of tb« Kxa- 
pnM^ft Otpi^AU. If M'^niJour Linndt eta ISoLbfimdii of tba EjETplUn Mrvio^ 
v^^wvnroi iDp in U^:4UidA, 11 oowia Euf«po,|]« icroquetloS to pablieb hSi 
oriaion of l^lu Viotorvi even fi^m whAt bo mw of it rroa Ui^vjirA. 11m 

tfaat S{«-Ltf bnd cXA^omted tho oxtc^at cif LaIu Viciona, Lul ycnr I Hnt 

Viotiorai. l^i]dcfli>i in this pockol vtm will liii'l b ilEOtoh-Tunp of tbe »nth- 
W«*l OQWt, vlth vbich yoii tuny tumiant Sptb«'ri h^V|«)tJK4ic:^ otillltLd of ib^ 
Vktona lAku, anil Ju^lgo for yoiinffUoi whetfier Hptkc haa bMD ^lltyof 




I 




ApiEl MUu IA7d» 
Pahint^ — My bHift jNnt 10 jon lu^H bom?, it ii cow ojio rear 
. farttbu tiaoa 1 botfd « «iiigl« word fntm y^jo. J rMvivv*! ^our 

Colotcl VonlQQ at UaodokoTo m K^pl ; aad thit U ilU wg biiuw aboiti our 
botii<!A iJod only knawi ffhnt Fmi happened. IWrtJ la no ono kncwi tZia 
Poracki hf^re. or Oi»k1iftm Woodi. I wrolfl n iottcr to y<nj Dod Itil I wbon wo 
■rriTfi] m l1i;iiiidi. Mr. S, vi^m* gonf' to ihi? Sullan, ILrw monlZu 1 'vu telt 
ftlonu With Ua« Knodl. Wo Wf^ro 111 U^rtiU fivit mQrttliit — 1 Und Howing with 
milk and hoii**/. Wo Ifion wwit 10 tli« Alljtfft Xiymirn llirrjujli IhiifLiro, 
acortnl hy 'Jtm Wflgniidii wnt ty Chi* Sultun. W41 Iliiiu^ht c»l novlna wmo 
vfaifo oien Lit ihc Albifft Niyiuiui ; ^wo mchcd tlii^rt aiicf (uw lbi< Ltkr. tut 
bftd to ratnat in gr«l bal6^ Wp rnAR^brt.] fir idrTjvn iHyt fivm l*n "*dock 
Id Ur« lOorniriR iinf.i1 JiiiTii^j't^hiinf^ and tft^tnty, nrftr;. fiiotV)ri>; iml vhAn 
VB bftllAl uv hat\ no bcil, Imr. Uy on ili^ vronrul. 1 Tia^ioa v^mj Aiok fmri 
fenr^ wbloh I thAiLfht wi^itil hure tarrloi m« ofT. Hut my limn irjui itnt 
«oino. On Ihn: mftrTwn juwinfl a firtn miinnt*in cn^wrpil wIrJi mow, ind iruJiy 
iMUitirttl ilr^irDN frolin^ tho Sirunitn. E rDimot juy Anything nbout tlio 
ptopli^ All I know, ilivy nn Intl Thf^y Ir&jn Inr^ doo to A;nt 1ik« ligpr^ 
WD }f(i Ugnniln tm Jarnvvj I, 18TQ,nnd retJtnii-d U> U^nda on tbu iTih. 
Wbou yn rmcbrul U^trj'Li tlin WuhiidiL ]ah hk 4ii'1 »e tmTollwl oit to 
Suvjtwe. Wit (TMiwil tliu Kjk^i^m Kirer, the mjili; VDiiroeof IbA Nile, nod 
VOL. XLVI, D 



34 Ston-e** Dtitrtption trftJi^ CofiHtry and ytitiva of 



dnuUiof 



idl 



ualen. Wliirn wc ntachecl Kiiraswe w fell la vrltti jioratt 
—ft lucky hiL We <liKiOvora b lake honr )^ laam 1)y 50. Tbctv uv nbo 
hoHMitcnpnittViUKr iliclflUciftbc Ewcri lUvcr, tit tpdusi^aUiuiiumUT, 
IviliiJjC. ^c Iv/i Kaniu^c in Miinoli Toi ilia Wihitriiuaa of Nuiu D&yo. Wbilv 

ais n*iiH> u eSi the ngc m Ui^nmla nu-l Iv^mfiwiw We arc uow in t&c oounuy^H 
of Unml«r&— XD«i pfc^le, atid plriil^ of foul. W« tidie btm Eic^rly «^H 
D3otilh in Uj« VTtUffmua, 'nith lul iiltia food. Aa Arab hM tnTrU<it uvJUi tEt^B 
to b«n; b« IcftTM us hart tac UnjanjNbbv, ud wo co lo Irjlji^jiboui oco 
■noDthji inardi. The Amb wLLl bniiit our Utton to m oottiL I h^p« nbn 
voMuh Uitji to Goii Ktavi Ul1cr» ftod puc» from homcL I un «oinc(iiiu« 
kmolj. I OBVo n^ oae l^^ ulK Lo bat bl&ok poopU. Altlioo^ I am Ulk 
SmhUi d<v1t u h'pII Ad E^liah, I <aii'i find atiythiDc ig thcor oompuiy lo 
ODIUM T&«> l*har« is no comfort En Uit# i«rl of tbo jElobc-^hol nil Mtd fnU 
0%%tO. Wa kAV0 ooinnd riTrm ur^l nwunpA, up to 4>ar waJhI* (n mud ftnd 
Vit«r. for da7« uhI dayi, TLrn, whrni wt; ntich <»ta\\ tbcn u iiu k^d ibur 
to cuke yoD'bodi butAnicecr iriLI Ulfow Joffitftlami-oftTUdurou woold 
to & pjf^ Tiicii o^ir food ulikr CfttlLc-food in Ed^Iiuui, It ooduoU of drioil 
bfttnM ftnd paw, Aul Mfttaiaa oonik iUCib u doakoyv «t. Wl^^t woul4 , 
Dov for Au old ontA looh «a joo f1v« to okllorv, or •ono poddinib 
cooked. But (loono knono Ami utt hor*. If ymi lULbnot cfti, i^ wil 

Bat, Lbuik GoU, I cnfof fiool bodth. It b ti^n thrco mootb* nucc I luvi 
foror. 1 am MvtiQ mUku ht vooio pbcv vhitc mtm uo tfaoti^l catUv, in 
oaotbor Ihoy %r« grrttt Tbcro ore miny tribtc of fiiM nooi drawl in om* 
bopi-l-ark club. U«Dy «« n*b«d i nwny on dnoBvd in oUoi pot 9h<^ 
ihSli ■hoaldflm. U&uy Iiava Jonj; ha^r, otban plolt it in a tbououid pl>l>%^^ 
witb bcKdawim ml: wbtio Iho pooplofff l](;uidB obATii all off, uid otfry tin^| 
fnan and oao ihicU, and ibts poobb of KongWO UiO bowft iJid Oiravi^ mad 
Ibo wople^J U«u] uio onfl ipci^r wiib vbicb Uivjvptftf ft cum or lh tjx — tfaoy 
do&l tbrow it— vrbiio tbv pn>|iJa hero uvo gtuu. 

F. J, ?oc««. 



IUp — Dacrijjiioa q/ fte {7t>un^ry aiid N<dtw^ of Fori Mo 
and Sci^hbiiurhGcd, Xtvt Guinea, By OciAVins 0. tvTOC^,' 

Iir a short nolo oddroa^'^d to thn President from Anuaj 
(Fort More&bj)^ Ust J>Mm!wr»* I ^»e wHnn nrwiiittt af mij 
QX^oncea b tbo PciiiiMii!ft ^f New Guinea, and stnti^d thAf 
omng to iJie greAt difiicultj, aiuI at other tunes utter Iiupuff*^ 
ribility, of pnimriiig nntirp carriers or gu[d<% I and my WtJ 
had bc^a t)iiabl<> to ]^Mle^^ftto more thrm 25 mUf« inlsitd. I 
now take tbe liberty of sending; jou n more delaildd fiCOOUDt 
of my cbfcorvnticjn*, r^-givtiin^ only Ikat, in u ffrogmplnc^l point 
of Tjvvt, it A^iuuld iir>t embrace m> ntneb of u;o IVtiiiuubi uei I 
had hoped to haro bdoii nnd beau able? to dcscnlo. 



Artf Aihreahy and Xei^hb<mriiooJ^ Xao Guinea. 85 

In ft Sormet letter from ^meiset I baxavded die opinion 
^TlmerposiiM would Ijq mninontly enitH to itunm tho focMi . 
of any ien^tbcned jounu y inW the interior ; aod la&Tiiig iJtioftj 
|]it>Teu, to nk7Hitiartictiiiik> tht» airelibble (.-baraj-t^rof thc^Dativt 
to O'A Accnnion, that ojjitiion i« cow fttrcngt honed. Aj ftC&ttl 
countir. the uam^dialu iiej|-]ibciur!i^Kxi i>i Atiuapata ii well 
iduptou, ^md 1 wottid now vnrtttiro Lomitrgc^l tliu intr<Hlt]cHr>i) of 
cocUs l>y ADV ftitUTTt Kxprnlhioii pro|>o»i]i^ tt?mg>orary location, a4 
TOtDg oDe of th<» ffrejiTrst boons it coiiH import next to tliat of 
c^ATTvin^ pc>nrr. i'hoyaro liiinly, breed quickly and plontifuUy, 
auirplying aomt^ u( the must uutritiDii^ tiiet for iimtidfl and 
otbom 

6coffT<tphi&d f Wwm— Wlieit w& nrnTod ut Anuapata on tko 
2!^tli of October, 187&i tho bills around pr«seni^d a ban-^n and 
porrlmd-up Etppf^ornnrr. Tbey jut out icito tW vta in a ^icci^tf* 
non of lo^T conical EQoiinda. aTere|(iDg 400 fr?i?t high, loTDairg ft 
imseo on citlicr fkIo of the harbonr^ and becoming higher tLi) 
fbrtfaeir thi-y n^tWu iVoiti it. Their fonn^it.loii m UnitritiJUo, lUjd 
muuxS with a covf^rin^^of tho pooroet foil atc tVaA^iDODba of denycd; 
i?oni!«iTlii!r llK'nidrartrc? Httrwn wjthpl<^c-fK of rttck, among whiok 
a rod traoBluceiit soit of tiict, called by the native vsnkoy id 
prodominaiit, nnd dilso a uliitc rii>ii<«(irilcrcu» nnattx. A vpaoi 
of plumbago nin^ along tli^ oa^toru fllioroe cf Fairfiix Harbour^ 
coiiliLQing in a moro or le^'ia puro coLdition for a couple of miles, 
iiitd it U ihr <*n]y mrtni whfi-Ii ! p™itiv»"ly kmiw f*xiistx Tb« 
tbrcy> TillaffCB of ADunptLt^, Tanopatu, and flb^vam, cuDldininp ft 
total pO|njlutio(i of Jii^rly TOO, aro stti^Htcd w\ t\\<^ bfnrii c^m^t of 
the liari>our, nt a dijilauco of ^ inileit fn^m iu opL-DiT>g ; behind 
th^m eHends a mlWy of ibe same lenglli ; while Mount Tapo* 
lurtii rixiDg* liktT tlic LgouL of ft boat* 76U fuel high, cLo»ea it in. 
Tbo aidM of all the*e Iiilln partake of the HUJue barrcu nalurc, 
boiTLg pnTliHlly c^Vf-rrxl by oppTi fowsts of giim-lrivw (Ruralifjtfi), 
ftrcnkjpng 8 or LU yorda iipai't', tlic inlcrvfum;; smcce ^roAinff 
ooarfio ^nit», 6 or 8 feet bigb. whlrh !» amiuully burnt dr>vt(] in 
the nKintli nf September, vrhcEi tt hnfi brvv^m^ dried, like bay, 
from the t^xceariiie druugliti* ^id »uhu Lf^t. PaL-bea of dark- 
foliiLged «cnib or jnn^le nsimlly <-ktb« emrh momitnin gully 
and mv]nr\ oi nirr intcrTale tbe lowur fiortiuu of the bill^aidea 
b^ing similarly ndorned. Thesd tr^^ on? alive with rhe songs 
of birds atnong which parrots nnd dovre, of yanone erp^jieii, are 
the iiuwL I'jmiiuon. Tbr bilk a\un^ ih' H^ist imifit Iuivt? rirt-n 
the Boa-level ^victiin a comparatively recent epoch, for 
EelH Hijrb iM tho €hama^ Siromliu^ Ct/yrxa, ConUJt, Sjto^tdylus, 
A>n?(i,J[rc.,)ike tbo«e exitling ia the sea at tba present dAy^ard 
tbtind at a height of no le^ Uiau 600 feet. The whole country 
it broken up into billK^ mountiunflt detached cbaina^uiid tidli>yK, 

D ^ 



^^ ^XOK^i Description oftke O^tmfry atu! Nofive$ of 




0uoh cbninR tisiinlly rnnniii^ nt^arly |)andlcl wiib tUe conet, bi 
bdooTiiiiig \mA regular am] init. hi> niimeroii^ ns thtw ^ppnmnli il 
Henco for the tirrt ^0 mil?fl fnirty r^rtilij vidtc^x^ aud iIliIih urfti 
Wit tmfr(»i|ii**ntly met with. tlHuiKli tlie uiuuuLaiu-Hlopezti wljich 
iTKiyb^Hiid tooccupy thrp^ftmrtUsof tli««nlirtflr(Tii,»tili r(*Uia. 
Uioir unkindly barren nnd n>ckv oatuRr. TUl^ land, nf^vertbelr^' ^ 
becomes gradually more fertile ns yon ajiprnarh tlie ^1\U' 
and alW poMin^ tbc Kivor Luroki^ 10 milcti liJEiLhut, numuroi 
iDuU]itai(i-3tf't.'jiir)H Atj(] \vMl4^r-i.-otme« (.-at tl. ii|> mi \firiiJii^ di 
tione, Bjwifitms in no slicbt dngrw to llio dosiral cmh At I] 
IwisitioLii mill? a total cuAuge ia tho rlinnu-ieT of tba (^ixiulry 
&t onca cbflorvAbld, and with it tlio bird-of-pnradise (Pat-a^ur^ 
TQf^rofta) find two other fi|>ecies nr»* irvLmudlutclj aec?:i, 
gtim-tTees and op&n octUDtry then give way to desFe forests 
tropicvd vegetation, tail trees »«'* nndcrgrowtb, tthirh coi 
jjli'tidy Oliver flie tioHbem ruiigtvi, cvoplErij^ (be ti|i|jer jiaft 
Mount Oivcu J^tonloy, witb one impoiiotniilo niass c^ ioVu 
TbrirMiuiiiulii btrooiiieioiuidtir^ leas umlukti'd, and tb<:ir h&i^l 
increase 1o 4000 feet as th>>y near the ^eat ceclrsl baokbonv* 
of the IVrimnlftj vrlicrc Mount Owen Stanley rinc9 in a doablo 
|>eak 10 a beicflit, of 13,20^ feet, Tbe f:ioe of ihu mi^bty rock^^ 
IS rcitt into u eenes of volcanic irrcguJaritice, ctcTic«!Si nnl^H 
c-1mAiii«> tbruwiii^ oul ftrm.i iii u weal-erly dmH'Jt(^N, while whitt I ^^ 
tako to bo an exiinct orator opiate \jtAow tho v oaloru peak, Tbo 
mom eafitfrrly of thr^t^ ]j»J<? ls rnllrd Ujlttkn, Jiiul the otber 
Birikft. A narrow ^i^y, ^vou Aoma S ludcri to the Koutb, aad in a 
xloatIt north-eoat direc^tion from Anufipatn, is tbo only one dil 
cemiblu iu tbu iiui>uHJiig ruii^'i.', wU^^ uvertige beigbt ii aboi 
8000 feet, and it n [>robably thiougti this opotiiug thnt thftj 
<«£ieffL uray of vnymiug tliif Pi-JiiuMdn v^ill be found, NaLtvoj 
traoks ore Dumeron^ in the opon couutry, and likewiao |Jonetratflg 
thi^se iiit'^rniinalil'^ forest*, grinding *<oTnf*timGM over the hills Ai 
uX othoK ftkng the cuurse of ruathiu'' ttrouiua, whoeo bod* 
full of many-coloured rocksi rounacd by oiustaut I'rictioQa, 
Briek-red and ffri^tn ro:^k* am iiuist conspicnoiis in thy V^urft, 
Kivulel, Ibe former looking like marhlL^ and being hard butj 
■rii-rRdmgly tiiigh. White qnurt^^ isnlw c'oinmon tlienf, imd in 
o»ut>lnee iU Uid iaof aiJaty natun, with voinaof quait^firuonw^ 
tbrougb it, uur at« uiniiy of the rock^ fonud Ihuieiu free froiu 
fdrnilar utreuks. Thin rivuU't 1 bavo ealled Yctiira, from th« 
namo of tbe mountaici >^hicb fcupirb*?:! Us liisl soutcen. Mount 
Viitum i:4 ^iluatod IT niih*M rorllwMrt of Port Moresby, and ia^ 
from jt«t pouuliar sha^M.^ an unlhibn^ lamimiuk. It fi^rmti thoj 
mxttb^woAt. [Mjirjt of tite Vetnra Uan^e, ulienee it rl-v.w iu a] 

Kf;odn-slit);>cd mound to a boight of I'JOU feet, tbo lowor ytir%] 
mg friothtid vrlth ttr^latltm; trlille tufte uf ^raa» ara Msenj 




Fart M^r€$h^ and Xfi^hhourhooif, AW Gmmc* Zt 



I 



fiTig to i\u* linfp roj-kworU «I>f(VP, vh]fT}i ir worn into n iuc- 
C«miOD of irrt-fnilar ^ttp*, njtb vertiaU n^nt* in thcni, tliou^h 
the ttmlii niri iifturly lioriwcn tally. TliH rnnge lUAy b^ 2 miles 
Tidd and iu U'UjrOi 8 ^>r 10, curriafi round to thi> Etorth-«A«t, 
Had fomnn^r on itA wist or inner Aide an araplikh^iatte uf UiIIb, 
1000 foci liigh. nliirli inrlmlcn withfn Jt iho (liMtnVt of KanibcAira 
imdeoT^rol >Uln^t.-4. Uponlljeimmmit-ata hT>ii'lilof !600 fc«t^ 
in li ulilrOFXiid, sloping ulightly inunrrls, i^ov^rjnl nt ii* Hoiith«rn 
^lr«iiiiiy with ;;Lini-tToi>tf {Kneal^ptt^^ imd thin chiuipnd^ into 
^^BIViCul>' 'liic* ?40Lit]ieni Hide nneri flora tlie ralley be^ieatJi, 

tkB wiJIji of aumn Tc^vinthnn fcrtroHS, acil on tho inn^euU 
tlw rocks fall iit»Tpvndii?ulHrl/tbradi^1uiti-'?cf 200 fetrt/ whMioe 
gnUiwnvrTwl »ilancs tivnd tnwdrds tho BTr*»Am Movi. L^ApiM 
from Ibi- 1ahlr>land i»vct tiir? tnll (^lifTii in a cA^ioiidc, ciulcd 
mariniitt, which fulls in nne nnhmVeTi vnlnnie into the gorge 
XhhX (y>iLd)id;t iU wnti:r4 tri (hr Wtiim KivulctpT Thi« rtrOAOl 
aT©ta^'i?a ]5 ydnln >m(K\ juni rthwd I suiw it (in Dw.ejnber} wAH 

2 fncit deep, ninninj; in a wcrtorly clir«!tion with a ourront of 

3 miles un hfiiir, though nftcr Mrvnn? toAiin it in mnoh hsvoIIou, 
DTcrflo^in^ it^ bniiUs in mnny places, and nsaisliiu^ lo pive nutti- 
ment by t\i\s tn^^ns to the bolt of t<ill trcd n«iti^ on oiUier 
hand. A vall^^y sepuratos th^- morit northerly point of Mount 
ABtrclAbc Yitriatii—'irom Vctura to iU north, find tlirough 
lUiH ttbuls tlie ri\PT, riiUtd Tinroki, fdmudy rmTiiliniHil, whnii it 
takes a turn northwaFil^ tovurd^ th« hi^h moi]iitflifi& It is 
^oniLHinir.H ap[«kcu (if ru< lb» Mnitiiuiami by tKn iiiliind in\t% 
flowing!; westward, imd falUujj into iht- sea at tha viUap:e of that 
luiine, Nluatcd at the mouth of the Uibonio, in Uodscar iJay, 
w)ui<h if*, no dtnibtj tytxc ajjc! ihn Huruf* rivtr. *fr ii bra^ic^b of il 
On the authority of acvcral natiTca 1 <ini informed tbat anothOT 
linindi 'jf tfir* KJini'i rirrr cmplirrt ilj^clf \\\U\ \\\i* wji itt Kani^ a 
villa^i^ iiutnodialfl^lj' to ihi* scjiith of Hcx)d Puiut. Tlif> width 
wLoro we crosaed it, noajly rtO milus in a diroot line from its 
mouib, WQA ?r; ynrdjtf, d<p]th ci f<'cit>i»nd curroJit 4 mik<4 au hour, 
vrUI« ilfl waters inuat remain tWh until wilUiti a couiparatiTi-dy 
■boTt di)&tftni?8 of th« 9ea- Owm^ to th'* forco nnd rli^pth uf ihin 
current, unr ba^nge (?oidd not be? carric'd orcr, aij a rafl had to 
becuDstniniiT] anil fErtiilv Mt<cured by long ro^ie^ lieforrt IniiiiL'lLinff 
it en ttic rolling lk]c. 'hio bank^ ivbicn nrc f^f rich blurk MtlH 
riKe nbrti|'lly Iu a h(-i^]it vitr>'in^r frum 4 l(j 10 fett above the 
aurEico. A few niilce lower dox^ii, vbcre I tiret oanio upon it, 
they were of the former height; honcr, aft^r heary mins, it 
overflows at »ncb plaoea, creatiuf: ewampa on Et« Bubaideuce, A 

* Th0rLpf)nAanoaDriht«Tn(>natnmRminilcilrncnrQniiih-— l^hiuayl'ii tiroaghoid 
in th* OucufUa. 
t Altdt Ibo ciMUict Of Uu Sutibtncli, new- intetlMtitn, In SwiOoTlojirl 



btttt oT mc» OD cither cidft, rano of vtwM tnmlEi uiumiu« 4 fact . 
ID dkokcrlcr «>id 100 foet high, gnmag pcffectlr crrci aDd vcid' 
«f low^rbmwlM^nwvkf tboriTOff^scooiM^ Tberif«r»BMri^J 
«t«fti of ftiaf[flftiid fallen tnulci, botttanpodttj ttDditotmnenMSj 
iluTp«iiMli«^ oaod«am H to jurpoMia iMvigAtinn, iiTiv 
\^e^t^ to »iih1I i4«ani-luDebeft. Tbe Vetitn Kimlet 
IDId It A little iv«t>t ol tKe imint At vluch we irroned, 
Moa<T^ tho w«te» of terorti amfiilof itnttni. Amou^ 
Uw ItAikoQAr miUn on the track thither frotu A»iM|nta« 
J4 f««t ind^ ai»d 3 fe^t tieep, may he BioDtioned. On tho rora 
to dfocint AntroJJihc, U milcv in a R.H.E, directMn, aaoh another 
ftmm is rrrwedr floving iDiitiiwvda tovnrda Bootlers Intst, w 
mil oi DuneroiM driod^np wntcrcouRK«^ TOiring in «o9o froDk 
meva ilitcbn tu pnliiarjr brKilcK. DiiriDg the aasvy scttsou ibeM 
MnHt all bo, more or lees, filled vitb intfr. Many |mrts of tb« 
oonntiy nn^ dividi^il i[iIj> ibiitnVtf^ which TAiy i» luinie from tho 
vQJu^ thdy rdipectivL-ly «H>utaJn- 

iViEfirt Oii/AWiOT»,— Thc^ inhattUnt^ of each Ttllngc ovnk tho 
OMiDiry for iwtDml mil<-'# unjiiiul Tlu» mtanbert of *>hc1i tAwlj 
poMieeft plot of IftTid ofl near sts ^Koeihlo to their own homoA, 
tho boundariiii iif nliii^i nrn f'lcurly drj^aed and undimtiiiK] b/ 
thoir next n^i^Lboois, if not b^ the enttro nllaf*o, Eiiber tli9 
whole or a Mft of tLifl in n-^allv feuc^l k. and pTontcd with 
banADa& In tbo noighboiirlitxiil uf Anu^^ta the luU-aides ato 
coTored by socb planiotiona, vhich must occuijy a total area 
of fomo 300 iinroi. Yanu And taroii, ditpoiUH] ic vr^ry lioiloil.l 
l{ttantitic« nmctii^ (ho baruma^ oonidiltit<? tUo rt^niaiuin^ portioa 
of tbeflgriiniltiiral nnxltice of I'ort Marraiiy. Owing^ howrrvor, 
to tbc infrnority of tlio doil, rnuny fni) to bt-'or, attd nouc attain 
that mrffictjou tvliich ivt< liml ili{.'iti dulnf^ iu tUt? interior. Thcro 
UiO tPoquont nun« nniong thtr niountaini; cane^ iho noil to 
^booomt* v^ry lifo-gnuj;,^ Jtml imtiiticniH^ n.) tliat tlii* huid |)05- 
nmkm nil tbo iimUtlcAlions neoi^^ary to iu euoceseful cuhit'n- 
tioQ, ItunAULii ^ruvt liiMin^mtly : while ntsgiuvcAnc ynniH,tHr08, 
and Ewuet [K^talotH iLllQiii Hii iiitmenae Buea Tht> br^Mtdfrnit- 
troo i^Qar<&ni{i cditiu), bct<-l (Jrewa caisehu)t mango (iUitn^ 

Jfi^Tn/jAitJ, are indu^DoiUf tiiou;j;h tho lattor ioi scAroo. abnundiug 
at llfiiaa and furtlicT north-wcri in large -xHnutitice. Tobaaw 
is cultivaii^d iti iho lutorlor; and I ILkewisL' found chilieflr 
Ciii-iiimUjrm wiitor-inrkina, rcgctabk-marrcrt^fl, aud sm^di porplo 
ffni|jft<* A ri*'?H?oloiir»»ii iilon*»-IVmt, r*>*(^nil>lbg: nn nm)!« la 
form (uid lD«tcT, having a white pulpy intt^nor, colled l)y xho 
nutJYrH Jrtaiti, wnH pUinlffiil, Wild untiigi.^ cfow ^panwly m 
tho vicinity of Y\)l-i laLmd (fi*ro), and Uio iiutmo;;-tieo 
(MsfTutica frik^mm)y it aliundaut more to the west, titar tho 




iW Jiwthy hm/ Nei^hhourhood^ AVir Guitua* 



39 



ly RivrT, Thai i>!kfr trojiij**! friiitii iintl »»piVc* woiiUi flonriaJi 
ID the inlerior of tli? P^niusula tbtr^r is little doubt, for Wh 
0oil and climato vcom rveontially Huitej) to iho cuJtivatiim of 
colFi*e. Of thu ftttgar-oaiiw then? tiic ftlreatly t^ijjlit inilig*?iioaa 
aorta; and by odoptlDg tbo tcrracct'S^filcm 'of irrigtttioD, t^o« 
miglit Uf mwi^i to furm mi iirt]KiTtutLt it^tm in lit^r {»rxK)uc1imL*t, 
fb the opeii land u cotton-tfoc- (i?oifiZ>ajf pm^^a^EirurR) h not 
UDCommoa, and tbo c^rontk or the plant miglit W Mtrtiilcd 
vitl^' Afttls factory ro«uIlii. Coc^o-nut fc">^r« ^^^ usunlly fuiiiid 
«Ti>Trii*dowiDj> tho ooHflt-Tilloccb of lli(> (Vninauli^ though, m 
proporLion Ifi thr jtotmlutloLi, ifUr> |mrt1y mbHiHt upun tho fruit, 
they MO ffimiijaMy luudoquiito to Uioir r<?quirementa, la tho 
iifriglilKnirliooLl of Hood roint, hoH©Ter» ihoy nn purtmulnrly 

Skuliftil; Loiioe animul tradrnj voyoj^'ia uro mad"> by tho 
Eood Poiul imtiv^Ti iu lUe moutlLS from October to Jnuunn^ to 
Anuap[Ui^ IjTmcici^ oot^o^riTttA from Iht! Hotilh^ iind sftgi> frocn 
the north. wIul'Ii they <hicfly «schuiij*e f-jc eftrthenHur^ pottery- 
Jn tirnon of i.i;reroity lh<>y nrv forcotl to «ub4q«t upon tho 
mfi]i|:n>vo fruit. 

_ meet. — Tlie rure inlmbithij; tbo 1-^aMern Peninsula of Nfvw 
Gniiica difir<fi-A inatoriftllv in phyviqtio from that p^ioplmg tlio 
niaiu L^idy tif Uw ihIuiiJ wt-htwunlf*. Their (x>Iuiu vari«a ftom 
liglit y<»llo"'isb-broi»"D to ric}» coflVo-brown j nhorMfl the pure 
l'a[Hihii fthout thf! Ply Kiv*-r tuw nn iut<MV»ely diirk brown nkiii, 
l»iit- rot ready black — a eh:k'le. iinleed, similar to ih^ JBlamlerft 
of tho Lcivfllty Uronp- la Mature, tbo roco of thf^ Ka^tc^m 
P^ui[kSLila ara. hj4 a iiife^ tii>t ao tjil] ; arid iu dJapoHLilcii are h.'sjt 
Vi'aHiko ; but tl^oy m-e endowed witb a greater dogn>e oT intvl- 
ligifmc*^, that only rrq^iiroK tjuining 1() niiNf ihoiii from tlieir 
prwitkt Jelharcy i&to ciniieatiojip It U a nalabl^ fact, not- 
vithstonding, tti;tt the Painians appear to posscvu the nrt of 
figure-oar viug, CL»louring, and imiliilbD in a greater m^irare 
t£att the ntoro docllEi race; and it ^vould uot aurpnso mo to 
iiiid, u'hL'ii m<}ro 1.1 knovin of Lhimi, that, hot for thi!ir cjiuaib^J 
ptcpc&aitica. thoy ore more oulJ^fUtonod than moat BavafC^ 
tnUw. 

So littlo iiitcrreoarfto, bowovor, luu bevn bud with tlictn, thAt 
1 abali bo coniiiut for thd iiioeeut to coctiae my obdcrvatioafi 
to tlkO pL'Ciphi nniijiig whoni 1 bavn ]al<»1y Lodil rcodiug. 

It ib dillicult to 'h-a\y Auy fKiEUtivo ' ooucluMOU Aa to where 
thu light rjLf^p of tb" IVniiwila flnrt cam© from, or at what 
reiuoto period of timu nurh indux look placo. That thoy arc 
not the true ulx^rJ'.'iiiH.lH of thu jslaud h »t» eerlain as tbal ihay 
ATO not (luro MidayK. Their chnmclcr ift cutiroly dil^cTOtil from 
that of ihr. <|(iict, upftUir^tu'. roat*rvtid. uitd iinclr^tainiNLriiiiTi; 
IktaUy \ aud though Bome are of the same y^Uo^Iih com- 



40 Sro.ts* Deicriptian of the Countrv and Xative* Qf 

pT^xkm, the gmit msijori:^ are vct}' tnui^li darker. T!ic Imir 
cf tJtc Mahv L9 Ibck, loa^, and itni^ht; but in tUc mi^e ^c« 
are eoiiHitWuiu, it in blin^k. and wimiti inert miWrii. long, nihi 
friTiCod: varyiii;* in colour, though Dot ^ much in IVirtn, uidohjj; 
tltit OlfTrTn'Eii trilwu. TWr Imu rr-H'niblcA ihobU)" ttittt of iho 
Kaetoru FolTnoeiaQ^i thouj^b il i« more Jri:rae4 ; thuir com- 
p!rxion» arc tlarkcr ; they arc nrorc riracioTW, and Uie noeo io 
eoine jg aJif^htly lesj aamlin«. 

Tho constraction of tikcir lan^piagc is etmilar. m some itutan^cSt 
to rhat of EiuU-rn Piilynftiia ; wvi'i-al wowU bf'irtg u.lflo Alike, 
wLilo cUiefs are evidently derived fiom it.* I am therefore 
itL<lTif-(vl |j» Ih'Iw'Vi^ tJmfp t.fm |tr(>[i|p tihw iiilmlwtintij iW WJillfc- 
eufit pcrtiouuf New Guinea liave id Borne far distimt time iDnde 
theii wa/ tbithcr fiom ihetmiern i^atid^ of the Paciticrcvtidlikg 
at TJiTioufl placiai ou tliuir wny, until their popultlloa beooming 
too uuiueroas. or from otiif'r causes, they or their o0»prln£ 
Wi'n> t<omjicil1oil to Ai-nd th^ir way furtlur w(»irtvanL On Imid- 
in*, tlioy have driven many of Ilk- almh^^iuta from the POfi- 
Ci>Jt*t; aDc] ftfUinMinih mnttiiilyin^' in jn»riulflti<ni, havr <'XtriidrJ 
tliejr iuvaaion to tho iuU-riurT untii the wliok Ewftdrn Pcnitimila, 
ao f&r an I lia^e «et^ii and Ijelieie, I^ ut>w peo|jle<i hj Iheoi. 
iBlormarHtic*^ bttttc*-!! lliocu two |>ropl^ miint hftve taken 
plaor, aiul it i* tho ivbM of this miituro vhk-U has placed 
llii>TOon a rac9 far abovu tho oniiiwry Hi\Hg^ in both iil^VHienl 
uud morLtl nttributtA 

Trihiii l)k'itn'(fns. — TliisrHpiiH-Mnlay race isdivtiW iiitomanv 
tnbpffjftB wo tind Scollnml was formerly into do mnny clann, eaCD 
apt-nkiug a HisIitK't langtjji^i? or <JiaIiiut — 1\ cirruiustante *»'liich 
may be apcotinted for hi t^^o waj^. Kith^r th^y have landtKl itt 
vonoutf periods; »r ihrv have lived in nucli a »tati' of di^uaion 
onn witb another ihat tlierr 1ait)*uQt;es hare eeased to Iwar n>or^ 
thuu a faint rf^/^i^mblnaoi-t tf) caoli other, and in &omo cmc* none 
whatever. Of lhes<* two ihtories 1 urn itirlini.'J to believe tto 
former. It is impvi^iblo nt preaoTit to soy how niaiiy tribtM the 






1. Ftottj4?r, 
S. Antmnl. 

a. WoEttn. 

7. Fin. 
». Am. 
0. Pib'hiiT, 

10, To whIIl 



timriDL 

mm. 

hikiiii. 

UWL, 

IiikiL 



iHia. 

tin*. 

Una, 
laka. 



contoiptf; bittifwcpInr^UirtitilciiovrnportionsA^iUt 
r occnpied hj triW (^]]t>^e hmneA ami the ii|if)tyixiinatd 
poiTtioD of wboeo TOuntry 1 hcrowiUt ^rivc, wo sbfiJl mxv> a iotel 
uuTDltt^r (ifurAr]^ tut^tit^-jlioii^li tJiifl vM>uIii imt rtfjvrciainit more 
than bnlf ihe tmmber of dklecu HpoWeo, l*or aW eizo N«w 
<jititjcii MiLi be fciLind to piv^M'?*:^ hkhc laiiptngc^ ond dialects 
than ftny otber counliy. probflblv', in the world, 

ComjQOUoitkg nt the nortb ot tbo UuLt ofPftpito, vrc lind: — 

letly. The Ilrmn lnl»c, cxti^nrlfn? nkm^ tho coupt from Miiri, 
alittl«!ioriLof Fmihwftltr Itay^, IcMinJ im-luriiij^'Oinbii.-^ihi/Llj-n! 
nboat 10 tnil^ aboTo Yiil« lalaud (Jtoro), <iiBlftrici? /"lO inil(»5, 

2nrJly. Tim SlnLva tnlK^ extending cnjur.wijto from Oubti, to 
auid inclTidiTi;; KajmUi, mtnnter] to tht? wevt of ihe Mamimanu 
>rao} Kiv^r, flietareo 45 intlc«. 

!ly, Tbij Sb^lu trilm. rjilrtidin^ nIoDg tlirt eunitL fnwii 
KfipnUi, 1o and iticludlDg Knpakapa (a1o»e to Koand ll^od), 
dbiUnri? (\(i uiWt-s. 

4i1i1t- Th^> Koitflpa tribe, living *>n ^mmcnc^s overlooking 
the sen, nnii f>r'ci:pyinK the couiiiiy of the Mctu, 

filUly. Tin' Kifiiiiuiio* trib*, tik'ndiii^' nlong tlie^ A^^^ooaC 
from KApali£[pa 1o Muva, dktuLco about lU miles. 

fllMy. The* ^f^lllJllJlm tiiU', i-ulird Kt)lnri Ky llm ^fotii, nnd 
Kuni by tlj»> KirApun^, aco tlio hkibI widely dimieed, oci^upvinjc 
a Lirp" arcrt in tho intcriiiir, tin? limits of which lorigtliwayti avQ 
tmG&Tt^iif but vih'n'h fiictudi'A ihtf %^'liale ccuutry lylnfi; behind 
AnucipiLtA BO ihr oa Mi^riiiU Uwcd Htanlcj, if not futtboT. 

Tbcv4- urd lbi« trJbrsi with wliom I havo roine id coiiitact 
durinir my travels in the Peninsula. The Ilema, MftivH, Motu, 
ai\i Kirnpnuo uppjilc perfectly diatinct lon^Jogcft; while tho 
Koilapu mud Koiftri ar*^ dlah?cU oun' of the otbef, though quit© 

.fUBBLtnilar tu any of tho rcmaiTiiiigr f<^iit just Tiartiryi. 

' '"Wr^i ("f nil'] mlitiHiiug IIpiiiu is tlm Nmuini rupiMii trilirs 
Bpokea of by tho Molu vmIIi gK^t ubhorrencc, oa IvwR j^iTi^ii H>- 
cannibftliMti. Tlipir country extends from Muro t*> Ipilto, oiio 
of iho funU(3«t paiuts w-* slnjti-da to which Xhv tnuHiif.'-eniiow of 
tbc Molu crer ^o, find near to which U a large riier thjit» in nJl 
probttbility, fs ih^ Ainl. Not fnr irom thai point the country 
of tho UaucI^ Papnait cotamoiicca 

Taich Papim-SinTuy tribe eitht^r vnrh.'S slightl y in phy*iqni',or 
baa tome peculiar cburuoteriBtio of lu own in drea», maunerji, or 
ueo^, wheretjy it '*in\ bi.» ivmiily diitingHTshed from another. 
In QTMir nlono, for iniitjmce, thv Kiropntio diifvrd from ibo Metu 



* Ilia apjdlkLioti of Ulik triljfl iiiditubtftil^rJlbciJEtb tb(tll«ra It UbaconMt u 
BlMTa nacufd. 



42 feraXBV DeMriptioR vfthe Cituatrif end Native <ff 



jin tho siilwtittition of a ycUovr-ataiued belt for a piAin vnoolaured 
e, will in n 9\w\] being siisiipinled liy u bo*:k-K>cV 'if hair The 
Koiflti ftu<l Koilajm m-nt ahcUrt Himikrly scrc^ieu^li^J, only by ivo 
or Ibrei* front lock^. iii»ti.'arl <]f itnQ bick oue, und A beiLd-ilr^wi 
jcadif frovQ ti^ lUr f>r tli« cuuoiiu, ps vroU nft a hwKl-clotb» in 
ptM^uliar to tbem ; but ibfi Ihltor article U not ao cenerally worn 
by itnf Koiiiri, Tb** Motn wcjir r»i ahrLU Ktisjn*niW! in tliin way ; 
ivIiiJo ihfi llcouL and i^lumi may U- Uir^tJTitfut^bed bv* their iiiu^Iy* 
netted L'ollftre and belta, and the ll^ma by t\mv slteU-wrLslIatSj 
^-c. The Uttooing Uk«^i»j diflbr? ncn^in^ the vurioua tribo«. 

It id with thd noma tbttt vi< firnt a^u turtfliii diatinct f:ba- 
racterii^^ of k»tb ta<^^^ blfnding into on^ TbiHV tho spear» 
liilberlo thu wai'^wt^apim (d Uj<.t rc^niuEiula, is ^rai LJjrown Ovtidr. 
ami die bow nnd arrow of the rninianadopterl in its place, rri/ide, 
iio\^orcr, of d«vl; &jui>otb <!<M^Hut-wtj*jti, ioeltiml of tho ribbcti 
lijiiiiboo. TbHff , i\xt, tho OiLtiidbal liiibita gf ibeir w^teni iLUJgk'- 
boiJifi ooneor yot tbcy do not uttain to thot nico eonee of taAto 
|K?CuUar aiuftiLg tliow to tlid coatt which deepiaea tho Hvtih uf 
dogs nt)d rats, Poly^iQy i^ c<»iamoD amon^ tb^m, os irith the 
rnpuiuif^ thoJigb ibia ia tlio cxct-ption iitiiung tlie Koatcrn rncc. 
They vary iu depth of colour, df>iu<> being as light as any Motu. 
while the iDa|oi-ily are UnW a ^haJc d^kcr. iU^ic;;: bmtly 
lu^l^^^ I'rrljdii i^}Mitn(1*:ristit-rt uf ibis Iribt? ojjioiuhi Uj l*u(h iik-™, 
1 now jiroposo to give Eiomo account of tho Motu aud ctiiora 
anioiig ^hi)m I t>riiii;hifLUy r<vidinl. 

Th« Motv aTnw,— Xbid'tiibo ia shoii of stature, tho averafte 
beig^bt of the men boins: oidy '' ^*^*^ '^ inchcff, and of the women 
4fe«t 11^ iiieh\K riirj>e<?iiv<>]y, v'bila the Rirtb rouud tho ehoKt 
of the fotniot aveta^t* "J loet l* iaclica, Tho colout of their akiii 
wiTH^ in difTrntnl ir^diviibmU, ihmtgh iu>L mi inur.h lut it doM 
aruou;> the Kirupuno, tho lL>^'ht«st ruttoniblui;; U do]>th of ehado 
ft IVrt.NgHf^c^, tgid iho darkv*<t. bdiig of a cbocolato colour. In 
Lhd chJl'.li-uLi ibd bair i^ blut^k, aud ofion Etlraiifht or iu rin^totM, 
ihorjgh L haTo aeon it ia Aomc Jow iufitauct^ ap|J^oaL^hiil^' tbo 
woollv hfiid of t}u3 nogro. lu tbt? yinmg nutn it might^ bn lukon 
for black by the geucvol obeerv<rr, thou;;h it j^ ttflually black 
onlv Tiniir the root^^fAiliTiL^ofrt'murdiL tltr t^iErvtinilie^ ion burnt 
pjrnmi lint, moro uoUoctiblL* whcxi liiij mm bhince upon iL It id 
chitiily wuruJruieduutiutoa light uiiy inaas, jnujeciing iniioB 
round tbc craaiuiu, for whioh purjuwif a frix^iu^-furk or iduart 
iBvohBia^Wy worn iu it. The dd!etiy men hate ahortor hair, 
wliirh bocomcr* thinner with ago, «nd eilli^t tjikrs the forca of 
<hirk cUTTing l(jcl;i, Icnvt.'a th[? top prirt of thu Iti^itd rakod, or in 
M>m"* JimJaiK'^ Innih _L;rr.'y. Timt of ibe u^rnori i[» LIil- same; 
but on thv Jcjithiit a iiu^baad Jt ic^dkiifulU'^havt.'d ofi^bya piocc 
of bhelb tljou^b ^lu^ved Logrow agnin. Thi:?irf(!itlurt-»aromliicr 



I 




iVf Jfonu^ cmd AW^McvtAmJ, Anr GvtuM, 



43 



ronDJ«r tbu tkOM of tho hhiil l.iko Uu» oUs^v «Mgt-trib<« [ 
tiATd mentimi^ th« men vtnflr do bnir tm tlie foccv tho ivoU uf 
which wrennificiAUv oxtrAo^ed. leaYiDf* ouly ih^ eydaekiM* T1i« 
yottng nicn tav uligfitlr built biit vrrU prottortioncd, athletic in 
appoftraifo^, and »» » rul« buL Uid*loukiu;:. nuil tnte<lliui>uL Th^ 
llongolna ioxm ci cvc v< jiut pcnvpiiblc In ft very fow, bot m 
eadi tHUf itn <w)uur o (;UR«tiiuL Tbu Torrbtvul is bi^h, atid not 
aa flAt s« in It KuK^p^n, ctirving abarply &t its jiUK-lioik VL-iih lhf> 
cnnhim: Imt it in Dot PTDiniiiifMU. Tbo fiuvs ^» (ivnlifonn, and 
the maiillitiv proile only moderately propnathouB, Tb^ noM 
i« mqtiilmffi, but inctinf?d to thidowe^ jUriiig tbc i^)«x rounded 
QflTandllio iioatrriHv<rr\ atiglitlydiMAndcd. wUil«lli»traDBoiittn 
dMpci isocf^A^ionaUy motvitb. Tboeara arc-smalitDKroth mth«r 
liu^, ItjB of tlii< ntr.ilinm ibtnktiru nnd iffnll fimnrrU A-H mid 
bftons hrgjD, in one or two iitr ircTit. of tJjo poftuktiou tho 
Jevish typo of featuic amoDg the stciLer ecx i» uimiitlakablo» 
tliongh i>i rbe otberi ih^te i:* no ^uidttHly wbat^vor. On the 
ulfi&aa adjoiiuiif the mamUaid to tlie wt«t of tbo Oolf, among 
tite T<nT«M SlrniU ]KlaiKl«ni or Kulkuli^ niL'i% wliidi u moto 
allied to the I'apTuuj, 1 obisopvod Ihie typo more froqiionlJy 
pnsAfiitiEt^' itjsi-lf. 

J?M £<JiVirt.— Ill ibitf ifibe tb^ fL^atitnv Itkcwiio diilteri bat 
Ibe tcloiir of tli« 0km id unjt^ uniform, Uio Bfaodo uot vorvlDg 
Perceptibly irara tbo dftrki^r among iho ^bfotii- Tbny miiy bo 
clawed iuLo Ino t^-pi^s, tho oue b^Tiu;: aouiiino and ihu other 
Batter nos?«, witb noslriU roord di»temi<^. lu »v«ty ca«d tbo 
Cbrcbcvd is liigiu the clicckbonc* fJightly jiromiuc^nt, tiXid tbo 
facof^eikHntlly vliiniTHli^]. moulh lar^, iiiid Ihiti ^oiu^^bfttlMcker 
Uuin those tri tJic Motu. Tkcir tooth nro uiscolobred bla^k by 
Leii Whfjwing ; wid tba cliiu i» fimdy »]m|ied, several (fltmruig a 
«1iort curly boan^, nhisken, find moiutaobiod. The avcrago 
height of tbo nifiD is 6 tVct 3 inches, and of tlic vootcii 4 Icet 
9J incheB ; nhile the Koitapu, who nexl approach them in mui- 
DCn and general fippearnnci^, mcunro only £} fr«t 1 inch and 
4 fret 8 iacJitK rH*jK?utivcly; but eiIlWi^Ii iJiortor of sutiiro 
thftn tho Motu, they arc juoT*y tbickly-boiJt, iDiiacular, osd 
iHJWi-rful-ltioking inrn. Tliry nm iiu»r« ^lotciUfllj iJis|foHed; 
€<|iially obo->rfur; evidently uitty, energetic, nntl c}ui<'k tj com- 

Srdicnd. tbougb timid at first of slmnprdi. Two nivn nicno 
fTei&d in the manner of weiimig their hair from all tbe rest I 
liATe seOD or haard of tm iobabiting tho Ff^ninsula, the ono boin^ 
untioil likeu mopt nflar Hut mannvt ii£ i)w Ktilkalifca racUf iind 
the other oonsi^ting of a Bonod of i^niaU tufu a^vcrtd^ a U^d of 
loDg^ fi'is^itod Utilr. Tn 1>oth fr^e^the nkin wan ilarker* thmigh at 
fint vfcUt imp&rwptiblv H<), nnd tJif nr.iio wiw Hctttnrj othcruwo 
Uttlo diSeifiiice could he Iraci^d in tlkeir phyaio^ucjiuittH fxvm tbj 



roraainjIcT of ihi^ KoJftri. Altlioticli in ncitlif^r oue tbe hair 
areyf naUinJIv ftu^ljiit woHilniply tn^ inaiiupr of drawing it, the 
inference luig'bt rcftsonably bo rfrnwn Ihnl they wnns cUhf^r imi- 
ttttinfrin tln*iv'j4|i»v.t llmfiwlfi[»ii ol'n runner ^n^jpltr uilmbiLiiip lliat 
part of tho Pt^DiDsiilEi, f!^r thai thoy had jtiurneyed umon^ adistAnt 
pcoi>V hr iK"n> which t"» ftmount«iti-i>f^>[ilci ifl nt lcn»t iroprolMlilc 

Tfw Sitnia. — Ttm Ueina nre t^llt^r, iwid penemlly eliiihtly 
darker thai: tiio Mc^tii, the avci^c hai^ht of tho men tcin^ 
5 feet 5i iiiiJies, und of iHe wommi 5 feat 1 iniJi- Tbeit fealurea 
aro rathor ooaraor. varyitif;: in form mid r?xpro8flion, and tWir 
hnir w hlftck«r. Tl, U *™ti pnrted iicniM i\\v. rjimmta from rar 
to «ar, when it Is friAZL'd out lu fiout and boliltid Into li^^ht wavy 
biinc-V\^ Thcv *r^ iBiluslnuns crjUivatoie of tlio si>it,fkiid tlicir 
oouTitry w prouuL'tivu in *J»^(t, aud M otdiimry v^flrc^table^ aTid 
fruits common tf> tbo country. Thoso whom 1 iii^t exhibited 
groBt frieiuUhl]!. wluHi in xom^ innlmipi^ almost mnminttti to 
ftffieclion, And Iboy vrtro far mor« dilijiout than tho Molu. A 
tradilion rurrcnt ttniong tin: IfttU'-r people hIa.U* ibal tnlmoco or 
tuA'u wa« lirst inlrixlucwd from their country by Wctu tradinfj- 
cfuioca, Tii'obably abont one bundled ye^rs ago. 

Tfis Maiva. — Tb© Maivi r<?iembW tlia Ttenw in phyalqud 
more lliou tbcy <lo ^je Motti, wliilo their average boight ie Iho 
name-. 8evurul dialect^^ urn s[M)Wi Htcong tbeui ; th^tl of Vulu 
Inland (J^>-o> being very dissimilar to otbers fipoken oa tbo 
mAinlaai]* Indeed, the It4>ro nativem are ligljtc^r; aud vury 
ftuiScwntly an pby^nuo from Ihoee on ttie mainloiid to ^vornukt 
the oonclii»ou Ihal they mnnt hare Inuded there at ^ more tecent 
dato. AVhiU would as^ii^t in fnipptnlia^ thifl opinion !• that, 
wUdr^uH thr? dutriut of lUro to tho north. L^vct to tbe south. 
und l>erena to tho w*>9t, belong to the preaent mhaHtJintji; t,hn 
dittti'iet of Boirii, to the cn^-t, hns boc^n conqticrnd fn^in tUeui by 
the inhabiUnt^ nf Mou. a villaj^a sitiiuleil on the nininliind 
oppotiito. TZi4j MaIva nrc>p4^r appear elm to bo moro ho^pit<iblo 
tbau the ialaJiders or Uia[L the Motu. 

TJui Kirnpano. — Without doubt the most hnndsome tribev 
not only in th^ iVninsnl;^ but in the whole of New (Jaineo, iei 
the Kirapiino peopling the nef^hbourhoud of Hood Poini. The 
colour of tho hair tir^ attrtieta tlio atteulioD, boing among the 
ohiUlrKnofttlL^ht golden t^diinr^iuLiI amonj^ iha youn^ mr-u uJid 
wom«n of a. rich anburni doeroaein]^ in briniaiiuy with age, eo 
that mi elderly man frequently nppenm to bare black luu'r, 
although on closer examination 'it is fr^mimlly found to retain 
a r^ldwh tint" Tho bnir growa in rinplt'ta or curling loeke, 

* Alava^ tho roljrnfM&m a rroptnitioTL uf Hmn It Hnmi^Unmii »]i|ill(!d in Llia 
liALi, "liiaU lufps il j«lluvf , bij( I auLuvi find thaL tl>u Klnpuuij Muupt or »n 
cOf,-uJRan1 uf this ptWLiflfi, 



vbkbr comLinM willt iU colour, tlio rornputBtiTO immcw of 
thadr nkiriH, their symmetriiral ft^itiirr^^ nm) \\\v flno pn^rtio^ii 
of their boflioa, coi'iatittiti? tliem a ik^ojiIu of fttirpojunjc boanty. 
Tliii, IjowcTtn', in arj jittrilnji.fr w»!(loia i.'rijoyed Ly the womuii or 
ddorlj- men, althoiif^h ctf c>]iil(lrt>n they iiro piolure* of lovoli- 
aeaa, I have seei:i an Alljiiiu amoti;? this jiouijle an tjsir a* any 
Eun>p9aii ; ^imilnr fr^ilcH of Nntiim biting uot tinfraqtiont nmoiig 
the Poly^iieaiaikK Thi; vroaix3iiA onliiiunly iiaihI by tbem are 
tb? vpear, stonp-i^Tiih, nml nivord-c'lii}) <ir jtant, 4 fi'or limg. marSt* 
of A bliick wood culled orkt by thi? Motu, and |MirtirilJy oroa- 

Omoreil Character of tha Trtbf:*. — Thi> coaRral c^inractor of 
tUe«F< tribi» <)iJT<^nt niorly I'luni tbnt cjf \\\v ]>luv Malay, auil 
to a lees ejitcDt Iroiu thai of the Polyni'tiar, nlik-K is <^biefly 
owtn^ to inlcrniBmage:! with the latti^r; but i\ no dvnhu 
altritulAble in aoDia meoiur? To niaccustonieii atmospheric and 
diotary iafluontca cauAod by cbati^ of locution, 'Ihcr aro a 
mirrry qtiiJ lati^htpr-luving fieupli?, ioiid uf HptukJnj^. buil iuvinz 
ftjokonhonuDt p]ayod in a too nraotiociLforniiipon ihomselvoa; 
but m*!? hot of tf^mj;<-r imd *\mc\i u> trwnt u. xiijipiMrd lirjury* 
though Boon ri«coneiied» and 1 havo known tliem to bri»g some 
trifling' prcsont a» a wrt of npologj fur any hftslmcss on their 
part. Thev are feirly moral, but by no meana modert; oloon 
in thoir faaUte, particularly «o in their eating, and g^^uemlJy 
autivp, Thry urn ^Mnnr^Uifiy diH|HniHJ towariU ihn vfUur* mati 
wlieu thoy onder^nd hie paciSc fntentions, and soon lM!Como 
altachi.%1. Tlar cvoiik^h jl^t ant di'lmMx], nn nvr lirnl llnun anic^ng 
thij Puu^au mc'o, but mix freely ^viih ibe in^ii, atli?iidin;- to 
their doraeatic occnpalions, and being the rcvfisc of aby at 
forcignont wher they Uavu ckv'i' ffi>t iL<viiJttonu*il t« thi*rr sifflit, 
Th«iT !dtio» Tudikc taat of the KuTkali^'a and J'apuan racea, iias 
no disagr«icnlilQ cdniir iitliirlin) In It; and th^y nw foa^ of 
all ewrct-socnted ht*tbB, wilh wbkJi thoy oiUm iic^coTixio tlioir 
araiA ntid lirmlh. The women art^ great talk«-i'H, UkiQi^' au 
aotiro ptirt in rvfry divtiirhitiiiro mid dmcuu^ion of intcrot, iind 
mJfcking the Imrdi^it aud uiust defermiued bnrgumff, pu Uiat 
where the hnaband fnil»i bin wifo gfnenilly suc[?e<?ds, \VbeQ 
allowrid libfrtiort, tlioy dj uot fttil to luho advunta^o ; aud at Tort 
>ror*»by. in pnrticiilar, they nrp ir(niniplish<id tbu^vrff, invct^^rata 
Jiaro, coiLlirmod bc^pirn, and mi(;i>iicruijB lo a 6g^tg6.* Those 
urn tb^'ir Tuur Htrrat clLami^teriaLiL'A ; Uil vie t'^und tbuMi ui tlm 
inteiior, and other riaitori ft>jta ninth and sonth, ^nit^ difTerent, 
though whether iiatnrully *o ur thrt^ugh Tear 1 tttumit say. 
Whoevi-r the neitler, a firm and determined bearing oui^hl to 



* Kvcu if si denia'i door, Cut muit «f Tood, Ihej yianUl ^iW jou ot^Uiu^ 



4B Sto>k'"i Dencription '>fiht d^mtry find Ncfi-rts ef 



bo ex^roiffEKl fVom ih^ flrst, m oa to prev^nt'tlie n^tireft from 
bcf^omii^ too fitmiliitr, or Any nou'^bxcrvjincc of this miiy lc4id 
to H^rioibt consei^Ufi'tK^eH ivirh iihAiTiipiiloiui wliJLe ji^)ple wbo 
^toiiUI not ho^ilato to «lioot clown thoM who bod docd acoua- 
tutar<il to miiU ]hf*]ii;ti?JvH9 miioiit? llio ]>nvi1bgcML AUhuuglt 
hasty, tb» t«im *" saTflf>e," ae Applied to theae people, is a total 
mi«Rf>inor. for tlioy nro nHUicr CAnnibol^ nor poucM ether 
degrAdJnp; qimlities which niftrk most ear&p^ tribof^ 

flolli - >' nr>T Tcty Vftm of thHr otitwAr^ oppoarftncch oilme 
their boJii --. \:,'] lirljriiiu^ MuMiifteUvH with hUhU. ri:dittiaN, and 
baiio-oriiam']-ut9, ftn*i, on all foetivi? occasione, ccL<?h trvinp to 
ntitvifT Umntlii^r ill }m M'aniy wimirniH'- Th'-y nn» I'rinmily with 
Othoc tribM,* aUljonpli none fool poi-lootly aeciire in iho oounlry 
of imothor ; with vhAl dcgro€ cf rooaon, howorei; 1 am uuablo to 
tny, tuft tb^y jUwa}-ii uppeur to bo liotpitubly trcntod, jntlgrinff 
frotu tLij»G caftcfl which bnve como under my cbaerT&tJon. It 
IK cpTtntn thnt 1.1m? irilimrl InW is rpgan3<fil hy tho KTctu with a 
sort <ii fla])ct^Litioue dread, notn^ ilhst^itKlmf^ thut pG4<co vroa 
roniiAlly uituhy hcjttt<?cn th**ni n cr^iipl^^ of )<utre ago, OA they 
found it would bo oJvuhTji^^i^ua for bi^lli, Lonj; droujthttff oon- 
trary niiidn. or any calnmity such us tbcy might bciuig about, is 
ofU^ii attribuiflwl to thorn. 

ItUdlfclwxi CViarM:trtri*lks. — The Motn bare & mcunro equal* 
[ng nearly on^ (aihojn, cnllpii diTnun, t-nJcnlAt^ bv tbo oat- 
«trctchi?d iirmx iw iu I'l^Iviirrtin, Their yenr rtOMiflt* of tbirtcGB 
moolhv. [Inly irainpd, >ihij calrulaU^d from thenewmoona; but 
thgj nro not unbtUvidiyl, *>iixirjtin^' into hftlf-yoon, naaaed 
mtpM^ivf^ly afitr thi* iJotth*wr"i*L nii<l «rmtU-«t»t monAoonir. 
Th&ir nomeraU ^xt^nd Co one milliom kervlnt, whil«i thi? Papnana 
and Kulkaltga coxint only up to tlircw-. Th«ir ntimiifocfl gcafr 
tally havo aotoe pocutinr sizniHoation, a?, for instance^ those of 
tho thrco AnimpatA oliicfo, tla, Kuba, nnd Hoi, mooninc: roepoo 
tlvt>1y toinithiitrk, nky. arid tifght. Knch tret-, nhnib, £>w^r, or 
partif^ular kind ol' gra«»i, ia distinctly named, os well qb the 
winils fturj uvmy oi tiir .-itnr.i. Thi* fifoni- shows si^infi mWiuirf>- 
tn^nt townrdfl miliHaticn ; and thoir inquisitivea^sa coDcernin^ 
any now thing they «oo or h'uir marks them as an intollcctual 
pooplo rather than tht- hivtr^e, Thoy dislike tbo tlaik niuea, 
and appreciate tho beauty of tho fairest among thoTn, ThU 
mny hn nn gn*Jit a riMiwin fnr tln^ir friend] itieKs t*> tbf? wbito 
man as for the dishlfc to tho Iii;ht-coIoured rocea by th© 
FapnanK. 



* Th« mlj 4xooptbJi lb«t I kanir nf ia in r<7cpcct t> Iho inhAbltanU *J HoLb 
(not Ihp irhnln iClrafinDn trlho), vim lioM ilii> KuUri ruid Kolttpu M tUttlr 




Purrt A&rrt^y ojid A^yA^wrAAxf, Nant GuivM. 47 



Oofupathm nnd Manu^arlur^. — Tlio di]tl<>s of tlie Anu&puU 
(Hotu) woin^n 'onKJM in hnntrmg: tircuucKl^ ^]^o notci in 

eartLt^rimfii- ■- --y '.■ m a fiiuiLlK atul iIki only, 

ruivninc^ tti^ iii fi:! ? :i i . Littori<bDfl; to tliD cooking. 



wliirli in d< 



1 ik>or m^de tLoir hoiiAOH; trimmiDg 



VCgietAblr* ti\>ai Uit*ir }ilant»tiOTiN id lorifo jict-bngA or itiaj^u^ 
nUfeQ^ed from the henil ; in making pottery, and atlObdiDg to 
the cbiUltcr]. Uminlly thoy imihc t^o jonmcyft daily for ii&t«r, 
t]i4> jtit<*lL(^. i^Tik'li ottfituiTL^ an iinK-\\ m iw onljitriry bucket, 
hem^ c^rriod v,y*>^ tho jihunUIoi without cny nppuri'Qt t-fibrt. 
Thr diilii'at *)^ i\w im^a ziirt K-m anliiiiti,% r^mHi^litig of huntiug 
walkbies or miJkaitit (a t-mnli species rf kangaroo), wlidi aro 
Trry pli^nl ifnl ; tli^gln^. nncJ itttt^ndiog to tbo fencing of tbelr 
pltvurut iuiu or ti^tos; mnkio^ twiLe or varttttcm t)i^ fibro of 
the p^udiknug-Joaf ; in making (ishiug-noU or re/cig ; and in 
mnnnfurttirini^ Iiuly-Dnmiit<^nt«, iuu-tLii-li tliry nrtr nmiiited by the 
women and childien. Thoy Hdii with tlieso ccla, but ara not so 
expert a* tht» Kirfi|itjnn» wlio mnli^ ibut (ido of (lieir cliief oocrii* 
pttioutt. aud own aoll fi»h to ibo Kotu themcnlviM tW pottery 
wbai t!j«y call Uiero on thv\r truliiig Toyagoe. The iMliinj^ 
e^AT m karitutj rdi(*mbltnH: a boit;>xi], iti a[jM> »omittii£itf« usod. 

The art cf making ^artbonwure pottery ie ccnlinoj to tbc 
Motn, and fcinnA thit slaplt! Lcadrf of thtyir (imntn', nlier^^b^^ 
natma nro )iiduci>d lo corud from loii^c diaFaarr;^ botli north an^i 
aoiitJr, for ihe purpoup of procuring ^onic, wljidi llicj aim t^uubW 
to do bv tho Kole cf tWr agricultural producer. Thiiy ai\^ niado 
of ft ltd or alatt>coloiitcd clay. 1bi> top and buttotit of thr; 
pitcb^m bein^ wor]<?<l cvprtmtcty ov* r nn earlWnwaro nionld, 
anJ, when lu a dump fitaU\ patti^d tou:cthor ^y mt^onEi of a tiat 
board, nEECDiing v)u.-n i\ni*\\vii two globular fqnre^ differing only 
in tho sieo <>t' tlio apertonsn Tht^y ^iro tiion bakod in an open 
jjm cfmjitrneLed on tUe beach. 

Tha,t cLill^d a hcrdu, for carryhn uat^r, hae a kea a^xrrtvins 
tlmn n^ ura uac^d For ctiokiuK* ^'^I'l bi^ttig iiltcHi with a lip. 
Tbc-ir dUinet*>r averngos J4 inchos, i>iit 1 have aeen somo iu tbo 
cbi«&' houras M lar^ an !^1 inchc?. A boff) or nac> i» the 
tbinl and taat form o1 pcittery iiiatiufaoliired by thm iiilcn.riting 
pr?op[o. Tboy ato nn-cliaoicians making drilling-tnachinoa oo 
pn«"i*rly tliH mimK iirianipbr fvt linjwi lu nwi itinoiig (1:« Poly- 
nofiiana. Tlio tly-wJioel. which in of «oo<i, ia fasteni^d to Jui 
npriglit Bpiudle. when, by loc^ns of a tvii^t'^d cord attarbed tii 
tnu top, il is made V> revolve to and Fro. Tbo cutting-tool oaod 
ia flial or tdaiia, witb wKicb tho hardeet ebelb can bo itot* 
fomfed. TUe llema mnkc neiiivt drillsc, haviug vtoro Ay-^heels 
in«tca<l of wood. 



4S Stosb'* DftcripiicH rf f/t4 Countrt/ ontt Native tf 

Villages ajid Population. — ^AH th« \ilta^ of tho (?t>a»t*trib<« 
&re built ao low dcrvt'n Kjton Ih^ bench ihaU ^t hi;-L-fi'ftt<rr, the 
W« flow* tind^^r tlie hoiT^w, Avhidi nre f'(mj«?c|n."iil ly huill upom 
pol«4 let into the ahinglen, eu that llio doors are from Ij to 
10 fp*^t nUive. Tl^tse villiLKi'h may uromgr 4 mil™ njuift, s^stch 
coutaiuiog tixXy honao^ and ^ii iiLbabitantfi to tluj lioiiM, the 
difetfinoe Wtvvecu them lai^'In^ fnm cmo villo^o iu 30 miles to 
thnw* \iUii^fU!i in luJf»a-m(lei whidi, Tt<*ki>iiing iha most-lioo of 
lh« iViuuMilti a.t 800 miles' would give a populutJoti of 72,000. 
Tho iulaurl villngi*fi nr" Jliinly Sf^attertid, nuil iiu* not so Urj^. 
Thfl I^Tp-fll no wiw did |]i>t w>ut4iin more tlitui fift^ina ho:i!*oi, 
and til*' Hmallefit oiily llv*t hml>ip^. Diviilmg ihn Koiari coitntry 
into tcolions of iO miles eqimre^ wo mic:ljt titid tert villo^tin 
«acti voutamii|^ iho 6»me niuuljer of Tioiineiu ivhicli, with au 
average or t^'ix lohnhitttntJi pc>r Iioui^i*, Avould give u»i a potiulct- 
tion of GOO to 100 aqu^irc luil^; or taking tbe are& of' tlir 
I^enitimilft Jii 21,000 M|iijm' milrs, ^xnild give an inlAnd popnlo- 
tAf'H of l'Jf),UOO. If thifl Lo iidclo<l to IhiT sen-^!Oii.^t popuUtion, it 
tV'Oiild muLo tht' tofal j^iLJii'^iilAr iK^jnifnlinn in uotiiber 199,000^ 
or uoftrly ten iJiTrttnij: to iho sHjimrc inili'. Tliis 1 leliovc to be 
iha iiiilj iu<?tliL>J liy which uu a|j|n'usnimle t-Hlimattf van he 
obtaino'l Tho inknd villn^^« aro not oft^r isolate, but Are 
built (^ompAmtively r\oi*t io v^Lcb othor^ jh> that niAiij mtJce 
nifty iVeqitontly bo pa^t^d by wiihout spein^ any Btgoa of ono, 
wLfiti jFCTcral will be suddenly Kca on the fnirmnnding IiifMopfl, 
or lii^h itji <.♦!! ihpip Hlopofl, but hover m ihe vulk*y*. 

Uahitationf. — The Mgiu houson tirn prri<?mlly nrmn;jod in a 
■hi^lo, ln»t Vfiry itn.'^nhit, liiifi alou^ Uip l>i?Jt£^hf i^ith uir buck 
fftoi&j; the («jk» and the front inland, Th«v aveiu^ 25 foot 
loDp: by 15 iWt vililt*, ntid 12 feet from tho floor 1o tlio ceEtro 
of tlie roof> which alope«doATiward8 on either iid^, tho u-holi3 
viJlftgc rcscmbhng: n qunntily of pigron-cotos pliiccd upon ])o\&s. 
Tli« »jii*'?i. fjidn, Mill r<H>f, lire thiilHii'ii wilb hmg <'iutrito gr.tB*, 
aud tho floor* ore rindo of wid<* br>ard9, ponerally obtaiiiod from 
i]\''. sidi's «f wJiiiJ- old uinor*. A Inndi'ng iiinjects out in ti line 
with the floor on the land ^iid*^. over whmS i^ a gi'iwa vi^randiJi, 
reached by n ron^bly-confltrm.tiKi Irnlder G feet wide, Acce^B 
ii hiul lo iho iiitonor by an opeu doorway from tli© landicg ; and 
at the Tt'verse or ^& cud h an apcrLnro Imdtng on to a arnalkl' 
hmilinc; rWd in nn all itidt-H, whu'h srrvea nn it pantry, iirni nt 
the earrio tiiuo Iota in autlkcirnt light for the rcc|ULrtim4^n1a of tho 
inmntes. Fnjin tht? ini'gidariiy vith "Idoli tbi'y are biillL they 
at fim protfeot a tumbly-down ap|>euranf!i^ Ihoiiph, in rtmlity, 
they arc eti-ong aud »ub«tauti&.f. The fiie la uuul^ uyon A 



Ptrrl Mttrrnf/tf and AhV)ryUearAoo^, JVprr Guinf^i, 



quantity of okl ashes. alwAys ke|)l in the ci^ntra of the floor, 
sttid tho cookiD^-pot8 fot in rdTA^tno«« npcih Uicm. Tbo Aro is 
li;;hlrf(l between Uxitti omp>ly |iiC<:lii-m, whirJi nrr {klui<pi] too rti 
to form A irianplp, wh^n another, coEtniiiinc the food to In* 
cooki.sl, in j>Ia<*u^ nprm tliR trio. TUc mwidi^ l>caiDs ?iipporr. 
tlreii- linnlJn^ and wai''W<?epons. a^indry llsliin^'n^lA. ue^bBgfl 
tJUcd witk their infi«t prucd twilT-ornomcntf;, and usualJy ft 
dnuo. \-c Tbe wlaiU- nm miilK liisjurrseii, uiiit ibr inWinr U 
fairiy eloac, t]tou;:U, on th^ doatU of an inmate, tbo beams and 
utiit'r iMnf<|PH:uiiiu t»]ju-<<3i ant blnckrntsLl by Mniikt? nr Tnmii-ljWk. 
Thd men refrain troxa eating nQtil af^cr their return from Ilk* 
dvksc, but at other timot they liavc throe r^guJor moals a day 
in th«<iruwn houied. 

The Koiari boosod usually fare a commciL oontrc, or aro built 
iu TtiWH Cut'Jntt *'iit* mitxiixttr, Icavinif nn np^.n Htuu'it U-twr^mi, 
mth tbo Chi*>t s house at on^ end. Their aiw and p^noml form 
Taadi rrjcmbl*' thoan jurt diwrribod, i>oirig Iik/rvri^e built on 
polet, but the height of the floor from tne ground dovM not 
GXTDOrally exceed 4 feet. This door is made cf no^o-fiaUu ^ftalk^ 
laid width-rtuj'i, llit* bnind t-nd at' auf Mng Itiii! Wwren the 
nonow end ai the aUitiining otios. The front ia alrw made of 
icngOi|)iilru hfAlkH jdm-cd vrntically. oud llttml uilb n fifkor of t1ii< 
same mutorial ewiujs'iuK upon hiugew, eonatnictod from (^(>rtain 
crecpcn. This front, howerer, partakes of tlii.' nature uf a pai^ 
tiiiotij an h U pbieL-tl 4 or 6 f&i.'l Uickj ihus Wrinfc n ntHgfl nf 
such irjdth whereon the trawUer sleeps, and the imvmttn ?<]>cml 
mueb ijf llii'ir iumr SIio-ivpj* of (^"iisa ■! ^-et hi|»b urn pin^od ns 
ornamoiitri ut oiich cud of the roid. and thL^ wLi»le ie purticularly 
cWu Hiid neat, though, fn>Ta lite [te<'esmrily iiiieTen nature of 
iho QocXy it u It^n comfuitiibltf tliun a Motu bi>tije. ludoc^i it 
is coitunoQ to see a Koiari with liu^ bard sweUitigtt im ettbvr 
thigh derived »iimp]y from ihiA ('Jiua»>. Each Koiari villnf^o 
coutMoa oue or mon^ kokora or houM-, uicturesqut^ly buiJt amoTig 
th» foliage of fiomt' tall tree, at a height of 3D or 3^ feet above 
tb<) grouniS, rcnthcd by n Indcior nl bamboos tiod togothon 
Th*-y fti^eru to be thus rHrnt-il alcift fn onler tiiHt Vitfi, tbf evil 
itpint, who botJi thny, ihi^ Kcfitapti and Uotn, l^r, njid m-\\o in 
nupjHwed by Uit'Ui lif vraiider about lh« surface vi ihe tiortb 
dun&f the dark htnire of ni^ht, mny ha\e tho greater difiicidfy 
in gaining n fodthold. At the r^aruo time it anoi^'crv all titc 
purposes of a sentry or look-out slnlion. The Koitiipu houseg 
resoinble the Kcuuj, f ho«c ol' the chiefs being ratb^r larger than 
thd ruat. 

S^li^ioTt, !:>ttper»titii>n, C^rms.— None of theeo tribes beliove 
in a Ct(mI, allhough ihi-y havn wumc; h\va of n f(]tiiiT' utate; for 
thoy tvilt point ovto* the eea, and say that after death their 

VOL, XLVI, E 



4 

i 



50 Ktose'* Dtm^jition o/tlm CotinCn/ and Native of 

il^ritA tvill lulittbit tlio npurti tiboTe iL oiJJed Tauraa, iixkvf* 

SBC disEinotion In that tr&n«itEot)Ei1 staU batweeti tUe f^ood 
(«d. Tbiu nni! llip fiMir of )Wrt opiK-.nr to coti»titiito the 
only»©TDblEni?e to pny religions felfn^ tfial ciwU auiong them ; 
but notwiihflLunlini: tla** th^'V, but i-Jip^riftlly tlio inland tribe, 
tirti *> ligliL*hH«r((H] mid fivi* fnjiu fjiw., tlj;il it hH|if>} (^imtnml 
might bo draivti between tbo focUng of ci>atcntGdfic«» perTadIng 
itit coinioujtity ntitl tbjit uf luitny u Eur4>|)ehii tr>n'n. A U%« 
yeiu» ago they had no idea of any other laud exietiikg but ihelt 
OTVD, hcnco the date of their first paettli&g in it must l>e remote. 
At iHK iaU^rvaU thu uol uf Home dUUfit abjp wouhl be spiAd 
on tbc horizon, but Jt »Ba gcocmdy aapposcd tij be a spirit 
pHHRing im-r tlir ■nrfufi? of the ilfe|K Tlii-y un* nudy t« jutfri- 
buto ftjoy exiraordinary occurrence to sijponialumJ <»i:<*uc>" 
either of mnn or of Vatn, nnd wh^'ii tJiey finw lockoU piip-roiiip: 
tho hoaveuA tJioy iiiia;j^ui«d ibe etari wrn-^ heiii^ eomiAUnkotdd 
with; ons, de«ccDdtfig near a cJiicf* bonse, was placed m Irotit 
of it m a cb&rm. Su»n<-< duirriiK urr* iturtietiitii^ pluced in tlir* 
boiucB of the Hotu to curu an iuvniid jrom aickoestt, or are 
placed In the pliiiilAtlons 1o niidtci ihrtu more fruitful. Any 

ft.*culiiirly-*l»iap«l at^>ue ia trcuaured up for such u purposo, thi*t' 
H»w Uuviiiv heeQ only a fi'W incbcs lung and iha^K.'d like mi 
e£Eg<glaH[i^ r^Tliapt} tbe miut vu]ui.<d ohnrui is thul worn iu 
dauco uud w^r for giving ihomaupeniatural ^tren^Uit fruduiuuuv, 
and gra^fnliiGti^- No miiiu'rmrnt will make tu^m p»rt whb 
thojc excepting ill an Uolut^d iostam^', euoU tut aftor tlircc 
uiontbii I Wki£ fortEiuatc in lludiiig. Ai lh<^8e vary in lUffi^reut 
txibce* i will bricUy dcKotiljc thngo 1 hiivo m^cu. 

Tliti Mutii hitsiva ift iiiadiT <if twu 1i*hh ;jf bour?i' lu^k^ plainsil 
bots\-een e, licLt frame 12 inehefi Uy^q, eacb row eoutainin;:: 
eleven Bf-'U of tiifikfff dimini^liing ui si3»t fi^ tliity near thcct^ntre, 
and liavinj^ thoir corivex u'des otituar'ts. The wliol« a» 
trtivoraod bv a lungitudiaal fitrip jJong Ibo centre, and each end 
is hnii^ vtllli n^ilhe libbLiiia i^f t^ippiL Danu^ fi^hu it U hrdd 
vorHcolly in tho mcjiith l^y thesti ribWiH, 3l> that it hanRS 
)iuK]}Emdi^. Jtiid dimn^ duinx'a il i'h udnned In ibe numlb hy Ujl> 
upper fmmen'ork in a longitudinal poeitioQ. Tbe mcti onlf 
near these channs. 

The Koiarl and Kcitapu Mii^%f!<iha are both alik*, ^md alwavA 
occompauica tbcm, being ordinarily noru suspended from toe 
m*i*L It irt made of lortoisesliell, 12 inHicn long by 6 wido, 
each KJde beinr; fitted with three seta vf buara* tuabi ft^tenoil on 
the odgc with llieir c*ni*^jive sideeoutwanR ll^l r^i^i^d^anda 
«oiipld of abelU ornament the fr^^ut, vshihj a piieu of coeonul- 
<iaWf 9 ittchcB wide, oTcrkid witli featbera and fiuUMitid on 
bahind, ban^ft do^u to a <Iepth of I indicq. A string of large 



hollow B99dB, wluch oUng togelber, and a tiu>iit)i-pieoo bebind. 
«0np!Qt4; tKiK (jhiirai. It is ii.-«''l only in yvor, aod when carriej 
in toe nujititi tiimr feiUiire^t 44 fLou^jti iuvuluntiirily, imin«* 

TJi« Kirnjmriu ko/mvii t-uDniHla of n iijilit tmnilmn, Ifl mclht'a 
loni; and 2 ^^ide, burnt in Vjirious doTice?, and |>i»Ttially dotwriLtod 
vitli father*, the bninboo iUn^U hrta'ing the nioutfapieo« ua the 
JDiber «ni wb<*»by it is carried horizont&U;r flaring <ljin<?(in. In 
v«r it h held vcfticftlJj^ by n ribbon tied round ihn oiit«r end. 

f <9iniii)l iiiiilce out tbftt ettlier tkt^ Muirjt or Duma b^lidvo 
in thodc cLuriDB. 

U^lu/t/rm 0/ Chvrrtunml : ffu OkUjM. — Ench Ttllnge li&fi its 
own giett v\x\ti or Zofajjo^, bat tbt^y tiuvc not the ab«r>lTitc 
pAwer accorded to thoso bcniiEig a similar tillti iu Ihi? ^mlli 
StM' Xor<tttn I dnd that k i« hitn^ditur, but ap|Kiai« to be 
giTOD tt> tliost^ who OJC fecirod iho most by the pt^pl p on cLOouiui 
vf Bomo net of pn>w(]*»i tlmmgh trhirli th^^ir hu%'^ dJatingnkliMi 
llMKAclvctit OM wc4I 00 tcf otLeK wliu by tht-ir cvkhI common 

'KOBBftnd dii^cretion Iiat^^ hliot^n (hf*n]»e1vi>fl siijionur in iiiidliHl 
to tho mnjority of iIktii- follow-nion. On jin avorago theiv fa 
one L'lijtf tiF every Limdred mWhitHnti uf o vilbi^, luid tli*?y 
Ar« u^allj: Wtwocoi forty And ^xty yi^iira of a^ Other than 
by tlic wcfi^ht their vorda, or tho veneration tLcU" ago may cqidi- 
mand with thf^ people, they an? potverlaM to Cird(*r, to j>tiRiali, 
4o qncll u dinturbtuiou, or to mnlEo war ; tha wonco 08 well as 
Ibe tupn li^LVi'ug n voltrd in tlieu- multi^m. Notwithttandhig 
this, IfLttr advioo ie (."ciioniily tikken in any mattor conoerntnff 
tbc wlrntht <tt tlid villa^. iir in any jMfiNriia] dnpatr. Tho 
ohieA omi lar^r rortione of laud than toe otlien^ and attend to 
tb4 plantfttioua ifivnuclvo^ rocoiring no tax or tribute from 
Ihow boiaoath th«m- T^ir ondannied olr (tunjr^ciallv' among 
the Koiari) gives them a ready distinction, made still plainer 
hf n h1i«U forehrvut-urniutK'ntf iir wMtinmU, iitttirb«>id by u KTring 

itf wd bitada. No rok^eption-boused are ftut apart by the Motu, 
Emsri, or K^^iiapcip iks w the ejwi among the Itfait^^, 8u tiiat it 
becomes tb*? dutit* of tht* t*hieb to loc^ and ent^^ttAin tho 
chief strauj^ers from a diflt^nce, and thoy expect to be similarly 
tTMtod wh^n tlk^y go inland, or make JDuni«y» in tli^rexnovJi 
Co villages alonjf the eea-coa£t. On sneh occaalona many of the 
inbabitimtM go ont *^x\hrt vw f<«»t or by lirat, iw i\w CflSe may be, 
to moot and wdoome the etnn|^; and vhcn thry li?aTC, aftir 

^a few daya^or weeks^ tno ehiefs accompany them a Bbvrt. 

'dktaoce on thoir way Uu^k. For ty« bo«pilality a fivnall 
pitsent of vr^^'U&IiIi^Ji, &c,i U ^ivcu, depending u|K>ii tlie uliiof 
prodnoe in the coantry of the victor. If he bo a KoiarJ, he 
wHI gJTc cither yaroiS taix»s, sugar-cancj bctel<aut, or Bwcct- 

£ 2 



52 StoseV Descnptian 4^tht Conntrtf and Nativ&t t^ 



sfiMitffl hei'lj*! ; if liL^ be n Kimpiino, he will ^Ivft wjrivmiti* mid 
fisU—iiltliougl* lio geiKntJIy [irufcra reiaaiiiiii^ ou hi» e(inot>; if 
lir b*' an llt-nna li*? will ^ivf jyigo and vnrirpilr<l *Toioiin; riiul 
if 11 Miiivii, bi? wiU tiivo i^oco-iiutdi, \£';;c*uMtf^, and a rose- 
coloiijfti time. TLe Mutu cliiefs (especially nt Port Moresby) 
tiikiiiff ndt'AulAgc of ihoir iioKitiuii^ mul on uc?(^muit of tbo 
feCftroit^ of fwoti. vill aometiniew vi'ait for boura in the bope* f>f 
obLiiming KoiR^i'thing to cAt. Tht> Koinn bnrfr ubunUauuA, to 
wliieh fact luid tbo dilTc!t'tu(!f! of dimMeliu a KT^tmenfiure 
attribute Ihoir phjsio-fli mijieriont)' over tho Molu, Tbo sous 
of tliL> (thx^Xfi acrotnnany tbr cthr^rsL in tUoir nliuijAt djiily liunt- 
iog eai.'ursiium auJ in fijibin^-, while ibo wife atUruda to tbe 
orainary *lom**sti<: Htities of bor ii»>x. 

Climate, — Tbe bigb bk£;d »nrruuudit)g AniiapjiU, Jld liiiiViitoiie 
formation, tree ai tbe neiglibr^urbyocl h from njii^by lnud. com- 
paratircly free as it in fr'>tn nian^roTos^jiTid ojimi tL-i tbe vilbmojt 
are to ihe st<a-btveKes. ore wouM MJiH^'iiie a bealflii^r Im^ably 
noed not bo looked for. Tins is ii mist.^iko ; nnd ultliouph I nni 
uimM^ tci ^Uiie lUo jina-isi^ wuiftft, yel lb« iwiusrtinii is uoforlu- 
nat^ly too ou^y to prove. Amon^ fleventeen JUrutc^n^a ^nd 
Sftvngc Wniy] Tifttivi; toarherB, with tbeir wIvpb* (mnking a Mai 
of thirtv-four), tivo'-thirda of whom bad only been loeated tb^re 
or JiL Uio vicinitv oac year, and the remainder t^vo tvnd a haU 
yenrs, m> lora tWi Mevenlaon di*atlifi btiVL* o<vurrKl. iiSch of 
which took placo between DecomW, lS71,and NovDmfxiT, 1875, 
fmin fever Jiud ;igut\* Amouij; tboae atill llviri);, nllarkd nrr of 
fre<iiJ6Dt oeeurr^iiee* SpeaUinff of my own small pftrty, after a 
tbrco tDontlia rMidonco two mcmberti BuEf^rrcd from occasional 
attat^ki and m oue eaae lalber a»verely, Itoro (Vuli* laUuid) 
has bocn stated as healthy ; it is of coral lormatioo, billy, and ba& 
*viTy appe«intJOe of beirig i«> ; but ^iltboiij^li l Imlif-vn if. Ui \m 
more healthy than Fort Moresby, yet tbe mamlcmd oppoBite t&, 
I f^ol contmn^d, less *o. An i^niineut lldliaD natunilinf, ufler 
a residence of some mouths upou tbe- islaud, told me ]t\st htuUh 
bad Dot lafTorod, but hu aaaistant bud nercE tbeltrsa beeiiobli^^ed 
to roCTun to Europe lu eonHequenoe of ill-boalUi. Two ^*Mlu- 
meD who sicoe landed tht^re^ were aHer a three moutbo' residence 
■40 Hltf^riMl in nppotimnce thnt at Rrst T Hi-urcply n^i't^niMHl 
item- Both were aufTering from foyer ajid upje,'aml one was 
obliged to retLinu 'Hie climiilo is lolanin^'. and nio^t avoi^^^ to 
the neuUn}? of f;oro& The ^ligbteet st^'mU'b or bniiMc brMhIot 

* TbvdMttu amoDR tb«< t^^iteh^n on tUo iALaoiJa wi ili« wr«t of tbo Gulf Iiav^d 
tiom U bfAPl J upcviibto In thfi idiq? proi'ortiiTii ( 1 7 I lji^ti-<vu '•\it r>{Hlj,b]idiiiitft> 
AftWD BDVploi niurdorol rm ll&in[ilnn IsUmr U noiiM Ut vnM In i*nfjr t^i^ia^ 

tA Uj ibns b«furo fLilarr vi^luTLtvora 



I 



Pvrt Mdftthif ttrul ^'tiyhl/onr/wtJilf AW Guintxi, 



ito a ri'Htrr, wliicli iiicrcwioii in n/^ snil WU for ujohI^ik. 

^rom tL^ mi^reijt briiLso by a mauf^rove-root I lutve known tbo 

kill to brciik out iiito aii open core, four inciies acroM. ftud 1 
hnve pt-rhoiuliy rV[H'TjrniiM.»il tbi* in % Il*s(b, iSuiij^U «l the A&me 
tiiuo UDploLeaiLt dt't,'rce.* W'LJl-voEitilated houacBi (food dioti 
aud titiiiiuliLtitH tAki-iL in tiKHJiTntroii, nn*, I Und nirilldiml, ruea> 
tiuJIv neccasary to the prcdGrvatiou of luiytlun;; like bt^altli. 

Tdo yc&r 1875 WAS an excepUoualty fiuc ou€. but the cliuiato 
i* aiwftyi vvry L<(|uabl«. In tlmt vtnir ibu vjirmliuii ivt Atitu- 
[Hito VM not iiJort' than 7" 40' betveeii ihc luaxluiuu] Uuipvra- 
lureit of anr montb, tud 3^ I' bptHrceri ibi^ tiiihimH of tho »imi> 
riod, 'i1iQ hottiMt montli wiu i<Vbtiittry* tLo tboriuometer &t 

<»V1ix;k ill tliG mormnff averaginp flO" W; and tho ooM'/rt; 
tho (tamo Lc^iir, woj Angii^l, ubicb av<^rajc<^ ^' ^'; whilo 

icaTonigodtty-ltiuiH-'nilure fur [.be yt^jir wua 8G' 71'. and ui^'lit- 
teiaf>oratuiv 73' o'. Tbt- most rairjy mootb* waro botwoen 
^oretnbfr uud May (mUiiMii'i^), ami thi: iiaent belvecn April 
and D(>C4?niler ^excfu&i^'e), in April, wben tbe preaiest rain- 
iall oocurnxit it rogiitcrcd S'o^ indies; and in Norcmbcr, 
wben the li^iuAt ui^i^amed, the gaoge liidioatad Q'2Z luehea. July 
wiw ttio next 6Qo«t moQtb. when 0*35 inch felt; and in tho 
tbreo uiuntlu follou-iiig, ntid \wu [in-iiuiiH iiiiiiK,tbtT U>lul ndiirnll 
vroa only S-Sd uiobce ; while th*i entire Sail for the year waa 
W'14 iachL^s. 'Ibis* bu>*e>«<i; dot-s not apply to the interior, 
where wo froqiwntiv «aw \i raiuin;;, aecurjipaiued by forked 
IJghtiiLiig and teriilic peaJ^ of thoadcr. altnoujh tine along 

The aoutb-oairt monitoon may be aoid lo commence in ^ay. 
altUougb tboae wiiubt are so^net^m<^^ i*X}wrirnc<?ii in April, 
In^iin^ vkith rogpjlahly, and often with cv>iimd^iablv fotcc. until 
thi' rjul of Ottdbcr. J.whl varinUi? njiida mark the month* 
oTNovomber and December, when light north- wtnt^jna cvjutinno 
vitb mom or lew regnUrity until thy. fMid ot' A^riL 

The olimiite of the jntL*rtor is more salubrioufi, but it is im- 
pojBJblc to iivQ in the rallcya without injuring the coii«titntiou, 
oiiaL-oiutit uf tJiL* att-easjTd inoUture of tfie ulmo^ibere. Aa 
tlio noornins: sun riaea abovo tho hilb, and poura it* glow down 
hiU> i\t'' vjdJi-y*, ibtf mointiiro fnuu thu miifl and buavy deiva 
i« (.<rnvi*i'ttd ihitt vuuuur, wljiob bangH fluspenftod in i\iv foi'in 
of whitt' L-loiida ; and it is not ur*til Ine Ujipcr air bccomr^it *uffi* 
^eieutly liL^itvd, that tbty Ufl iheiusolTe* slowly, and ^jrodnally 
di»peDie. *Vi"ter tho heaT)[ raina of the prcoedia^ nigbt ttuB 
vra* \m i^xirv'tlity wertp from my o-amp near Miit"kg<»rogon\ 

* Q[titiiiiiT, (lyuuiik ff [wLAMiT^ia. llou-vbanc. ciubulJc ac\i.\. uid i-il. wUl W 
iUiJ ijio Utltr for Buna 



I 
I 



M Stokk'# Dmripii<m qf tht QMntrt/ aiij NaUrvt ^f 



I 



I 
I 



10 the dictrict <jf Mimiknirc, ftt an eleralion of 1100 
. W aineiniil nieHKiiremeut. Il vs od Hum B«*ouni llmt ^11 
Xohti'fiUft^r^ nro binlt ns higti up m iho monnloin-tope as 

ifoHvt Dumt^ — Diseaaee amoni; UtQ nativoa nra oompara- 
tjvelj fr^ir. Borne stiffci from rcKcMAatOii? afffctiona, though 
tmcontliiecl to ftoy pattioalur part of llio l>ody. Seveml ate 
l>itti?ci wilh ^mall-pcrx, nliicb rarg^>d virulently nloBg the sen- 
i^uuHt Hbimt li'ii ynim fttfti. Ktc-jibuiiT.iiiKiM i* nert wholly ur- 
kaowik« nlthougii cotice of it ute oslroTudy Hoaroe. Ulct^ra and 
imnvm txTv* nilhur niimemn^s M^a^lIw have bi?pM inttvirliic^T (Vom 
<uviliHt^ jpnrlfl within the loj^t yoLir, through whioh u j^at 
aumbcT ofiiatiyes l]a^6<litHl; Lul^ eiuii>iii^yp they aim m u^^arly 
oxoEDiit fnini nttac^lie <^f intermittent fev^r &n<I ngno, wliioh Eire 
thti l^uroptrnua' g]tNit«At ^u(^. AcrcUniatiNatiou may ftccoimt tor 
thin ilifiiTPiiiy in tho coiiHtitiition. Hingirorm, and wiih Th« 
meu n c'>r "I" ^'^'^ ''^ ^hi? top lip, are by no mcjiiui unonmiiu^n 
amiiEiL^ the Kiinpuro. A^ u rule, i\\&t^ tri1>?B iippenr to liuvc 
BO tr<-(h1.i]j( lit Trjf llio sicit, nllowjii^ them to tnko thoir ohaiieo 
of ffettriifi; hi?U or heruiniiig wortH*, only iltfViitLiig inoi-e atteoitJim 
to their vrant# than thoy are otherwJBf- ftccu8lom(id to do, 

Dtath Cuftotnti, — When o Motu dlcf. whcthr^r Eimn or vsomtoi^ 
ikf tX&aettiGd'h ocurcAt rcOatlveti _£;o tuto moitrcfDg;. This tbej 
do by oitbor colrrtuing the v\bolc body and face black, or only 

JiarCLnlly mk ilnpiniding iiprni what rt-lutiou Jh*y \iv\i\ To ilie 
lead poraou, fllwaya a<ioptiii^ the clecpoet nio\imiii^ for tbe 
iii'atnHt of kiik If thi^ moiirnir ir* n V4>ry ihstjint mie, htr will 
iuctr«ly inftrk tiw fooe with a coitaiu blat-k Btreok, oociordin^ to 
atttui codfM ondfuvtood bctneeu tl)ontsc1ve5. A man putting 
4leep mounUoft will woar n holt aud arrul^u i>f hluok t^tie: 
anrl nil lli4>ooaAt4i-JboA i hnvo ratciitioDCrd adopt a ^imiEjLr eyfttom 
of bhirlrrnrng lh'*mi*ntv™ on «iirh itf'aLnwjMi, Th** blnrkiug useJ 
^^r tliJK ptirpiji^e in phiruijji^n, or <sf:or. Tlio Koiuri mul Koitapu* 
cm th" r-Piiilniry, whitc«i th(^i^ Outa i^ith ii»hi« on the tknih of u 
pLili^iii.t bluoki^rdnif thutn only for tht' $tiko of boaiitifymj;, 
Tlu^ Alaiv4 drott ihomMlrefi in olnck cord bt>]t and urmleta; ju 
luMjtiori |ij wbjdi, liUi.< tbr throo jiict 'bfiurn Uvl, tho cliioft^ 
Hftd UicMo itnd«r them who pcnou cue, wvat on tUrtr htWa n 
ijriifi oi blM>k CtiMOWory fimther*. plnrfxi in ^iich n iTnimi'^r aa 
to ii«iaHv obtouro tho foattirctf. Thn Drma itirn put on a wide? 
j(i||i>w iiLdl, nnnlotv, nmtWtii. legl^^U. and imklMC^ of p]ait)_^ 
liilti*li> iilid a ii'n^kUco ni' hlkila of timall linlUshapt'd fciodn, 

lt«ri»g u MnUh tiut^ Thc< KimpLuu ivouitfU wmr «itiiilar 9>neit:i, 

> _ _ ^ — 

* Tirti vMiim^K «' til*' li>tni»r, tin lot* 1I44U lla InjFical n^ctMloDi remkiiildl m^ 





Inl hy wlringM fnim tfie 1«|> |riirt cf iIlr rar, and noi?k-* 
of ibe sftmn' ; vrlul4 I h&Td seeii Clii>m Aiiariu;.'. in adiid^m, 
Mmo of tiic bcTLOE of a decaaMd rel&llTc Tbo latter mo cither 
CAvriKl bffnontli itjii \t*tt ann by n utriiig pumhhI ovit tlift right 
stiouldf^r, or cho in & small uettcd bag or toain^ 

Thfl |frrivr!i* <if tim Mistu are t\na j(ist nhnvi? f.lir bnnr^li, npnti 
tb© Iaii3-ftMe of ibe riUago, mid tronliiis: th<* Iiouao in vhieh 
deceased bod lived ; while ovor tbeu rustle the loavea of tbe 
eotf«>nat iwM ju they fiui to mid fro iu the brucsoo. Wlioii 
ttie bod/ id placed in its laH reetiug-place, tlie laoaruers stand 
Afoiind vfiiiinf^^ pulline the hiiir, mid itmiling i\tv\t Iicftdg 
soomiuffly mii aoruo vudenoe. It is tbcn covered ovor wiUt 
«litngle~ raised sJightly nbore thg levil cf the beach, and the 
eorcuony is corii*liuleJ. 

AuHing tUf? Kofuri lUo de<^ea*«d is laid out upoii Uih fltjtn- uf 
bfs own house for n conpto of days, when ho in either baridd or 
triactil u^iun ihi; gmuud at some diataUf^? vVC. It, jik it ijtttti 
Impp^i^ a To^mm crista in the village for ^iccommodattD^ finy 
>Ttrpln« of ffiieats, or tor speoking front, tbo body is laid upon 
tbat in preference. Aft*?r n hipnu of soma days Iha Joints are 
dialo[?j\t[^d, T(h«n tbo skull ia fat^tcnod to n nutrr boDcath tbo 
floor of l.bedweUinfT, and thit nTajiiiiiiiip; Ijim™ an? wni|i|*d ufi 
in some roughlv-made mattin;;, and dmilarly an^^ndm]. When 
their dead are oaricdt a grave is dog closo to the horir<o; nntl 
among the Eoftapu, occuaionuUy ttniltiraontlh A mrt^lt^ of aionGi 
is then formed^ 2 feet 6 iDchi.-a in difttnetur, from which half-a- 
flozen stirJcSr 4 (e*it loop, vt^rgci inwariiif, mtM^Ctng at ihfi lop, 
upon tvhioh are bung [Jl tho ciarlhly poaeoflsioas of docoaaod, 
©Xcpptiiig tht* moHt Yiiliiod IhHiy'Orn/iini'utH. 

^u^n'iaff^ — Th'i auiobL'T of wivijd a Motu lias h only linutod 
to tht? mii'TUiitU' ]i1a n\:hi-!^. but notwiLliHtniidio^ thiu, ilia quift^ 
tbo fxc»*[ili<»u fiT n miin to hjivc moru tlmii onp wif*> ; ami tjoun 
that I taa xwat^ of hcive more tliiin ihrv<?. In Ilenm it U not 
nncoramon for a chiof to posses as many as ten w:v^9, but the 
Motu tvoiDcn rtiiso snch ^rong objections, thnt the mmi gene- 
rally mrbmit with a good gmce. One caae happened while I 
vaa ia tikcircoantry nbi^h iUuEtmtcR thti truth of this blate^ 
njfitl, wrhnmin a man ba>mg, ugaiu^tt Iiia wife's wisheK, lULirnt'd 
agaia. ttho. in r>:'taliation, ddstrojed hie plantation, liuJ blood- 
shed would piobaHly have been tbo conai:'<]a<incc liad not the 
Baiiv««, arrat'd with L^luba aud spears, prevented it On that 
occasion the women, also armed with impromptu Logs of vood 
and 4toiit prdi'it, tnuk a ^ritdtng part; thrdr ahriU Toi^edt being 
beard abo^e the €xeite<l toooe of the men. Few tat-n oTOr 
ttrt^Dtv ytmrs of a-^e reruain «iii^ltv aiid both se)ii.^ft jire nearly 
Gcfuallr rcprcjcntcd, thaiigb, as a rnle^ their progeny id not 



56 Snoss'f Dt4£fiptim itfthe Country and Natirei ^f 

i]iimf?rou»i. Si.<me oF (Jie younger wotigd »rp reiuarkaUy 
prottv; but after inftlriinoiiy tln\v soon Itwo tboir beaut y^ and 
vtljT-ii oltl ibtir fi-»tiir™ Ijenimr' rtkfmed and uiiAltnuiUvi^. 
'Ibo men carry thoir ai^o beltor, but tbe oMt>Al uould scsroely 
rxcc^d wixty ycnni, Tliu foUowinfC «rtirK-*»,or aoioo cqiiiviJ^nt 
for any among tliem Ihat be rloi's not poe^es^. arc Decj^senty to 
induce a fatlier to part with hi» dnughtrr in miklijtnony to the 
doimt: 1 dogVUwtli jnN?l(lm*i*, *.iv iiodoi/i : 1 ^k-htI iOt-U^ or 
mairi : I pig, or hnrujua; I DaSBn-^licll nocklaco, or tatdav {Q 
AjIiIk) ; 1 Ht<}nc ti^^iLitlt/^wk, <ir i7a / 1 wliitu ixini^HhLsU nTiiilrt., nr 
fcia ; I spear, or i& ; uud 2 wofuene girdlee, or raoiiA, made 
from the sngO'pabD, and coloured. 

Natire mot\eij. — Thi*; U t^ur^si-nt^d by articles of bartisr, 
wLich differ in valuo among tno varJoua tnbcs, rfcpcnrling upon 
UtL'ir rtppn't-mtinn nf, *ir rLi|airi»riirut7f for, nm-h t-iiiiimoditiiw. 
i?mall rt»d Ix^ud^, howevtH-, are nnivorsally prized; wbik the 
value of blilo and uliil.* ones ik pihiHy cj^tiinjitcHl by UieM lu 
comparison, Tbe former ni lIiL'«e, and tjbQLCo, euiiHtimtt; tLo 
nio*l convenitLt truJt* for (*encral nnqjoai?* amon^ tbu Jilotu, 
Koiuri, Kt^itsipn^ und llomii. TUi? Kuiun ^row ibelrown; but 
ibe rtrcji^ Kiirnptiun toUic<x. U niticb pK'fLjred by them, Etivtrr- 
f.lifilpflK, The Maiva neie no MDCfLiTK until witJnn a ft^w months 
a^o, altljcugli situatod butwoen U^'O i>e<>p]ofi who indulgo in 
thai habit to a t-onHLilt^mUe eKlcrit ; wrjlb.* the Kirapiuio lue it 
in a U«s decr^ tlian the I^Iotn. Pvarl-Khi^lU nr^ liold in high 
ealiiuatioii by llif cofl£l-tnbu:i, \vhi> wurk tlieni iiilo cheKt^cinia* 
iTflnta, btit tlio mountaineers liiiv^r in* nue for them. Those to 
tho norlh nrc? iiarticalarly fond of Utm article, and vrjU ivomc- 
tirne? ^I'e a eanoe in <>xchaDge- ibiteliets, knirps. and Look* 
lUjC-ffl/iwrB (irc aought after by ail ; (iftli-hwlts uic nscd only by 
th« K*Jni (Vulf Wand), niid a Ut^ Maiva miUves; wbifuTurury- 
rcd ond raatchoB aro highly vahicd by the Ljttf.'r people, as well 
oa by thrr inoiiiil'dnt'crx S'ln UhuL'ti, ur dodcms, madi? fiT>in the 
oye-teoth of dope, ate eo priced by tlie Motus, that ofTetB of 
ftpvcral prnrl-shcll* for iinc ivtrc iiU-uyi> refused; the«e teeth 
wonid uo doiihc be good imde. ^ali is an almost iudispanttublti 

E resent to toko when traTcliin^ inland, being eonaidi?<rcd by thfi 
[iiian ju onn cif tJii-ir griuiUtxt laxunm; «ri tlifit those \rhc> I'tinKj 
lo meet tUo traditifj-eauctw, or IahatciB» often rotum with eevcral 
bariilxitw full of^ca-^^ater, 

Wmpom. — Wliile the brnv and arrow w the warwoopon of 
tlio IViptiaa and KulkulJ^a, the npear, or ic, U almost whidly 
•mployi^l by tJie Pupnn-jSfahiy, both in xiar aTid in the chaae. 
BoM^a anil arrowr^ brought horn Jlcaia tiro iievertheleu «oiD^ 
tiiiirs found in iheir honsc^ The spear a§ed is made of cooo> 
nut wood, U feet Jon^ «nd usaaJly barbod neai the point, the 



iW Jibrvt&y and Xei^liMtrAwd, JV4W Guinea, 67 

thickest part bfiug at tl:© centra of graTily, They ftrc not 
po£ioiiivi fiki* till' H'flf-(trrDw* of tiw darkw ^ll**l^ nU» si-^^p tliom 
luto tlie [iiitrtJ oitrcafti of ri victim, luvl tlie workniiiD8]u[> is 
YtTf' imIVtioi". The Koian. ^/o^*^^T^!l^^ allow Ci^iftid'-nilitiT fkiW in 
r mjuitiructiirc. The Mi>Lu iui> o iihi«l<l, or ht^i, mttd^ of 
woo<J, poilJttllj^ uuvtirt?il ttilj) vfciei^work, '2 feot C! inches 
.wilti oin^DlAf tap null l>>ttom, lUuL liming llio fddot voD- 
On tbi} inii^^r vide ia u tuittdk\ Lj which it is held in 
w left IiahH, ivhile the j?j>eiir le tlirown with lh<» right The 
»hiol(l, (>r rona, of tlio llcma J0 of th(< lamo lcu;:th. th^J wood 
bemj^ fjhtLjN?i) like the Ai.'atiut] of nri t^^. unci un^itmcntrd ulUi 
red, wliitit, nn4 block dovico?. Owing to th» diflVront sort of 
w^Huoa iiHMi Uy tlint trjln^ n iiiohtf ih i^ut in the lu|r lu aIEov 
UuT loft arm to pass over it for holdint^ the bow, vhUc & itlifi]r 
to aotfUin it i« poA«<^l round the thoalJcr. btone dubs, or 
(fafuf BTid tomahuttk«, or i7ci. are Ubiv^rval. IIipj arn mndn 
Irom green *tonc found in the interior. The clubn ol Iht Kuiufi 
are bomBtimet^ *ttl^-N]]rl|h'd. iniitrh (iiiit- niid imlii^nn- r-viHoiitty 
b«>iog t>oe(€Wi?d upon i em. Tho moro common ones in iimf nre 
hununrtrd «nd gmiMLLi int<i tlir- vhnpi ofu fint rcjtiud plate. 
& inoheH dmnieUr. sharpened at tlie periphery, <ind generollv 
bedeekcd niUi fvathera, ThoHc of tho Ilciua fcim & «olid 
owal ball, pjughuiwd on the vurfiicj.^ Wijodcu eliila hnd hone 
da^CTs, from llie coaAOwary, complel*: tho cbit*f nrnponn u»cd 
by Uif. mrii'iJ* IrilvH T hui*' im ntinrn '1 

Drcs3 arui Orrtumcnit — Tin' -iu'm'^ i-i liiim-;, Jn i^^ ■■■■nHiglg of 
ft pUiii \inm\, or in, of tappa-elotbr I >ni*[» «i<k, nlmppT^d ti;^'iitlv 
round the waist, ono end of which itt tht^n passed down the back 
bnic«tli tho hitdj, and faatvned up in fiont. Thu» A;pplic« to all 
tho tjibcfi except th(» Kirapnn^^ ^'ho uuiinlly v'^nr ^tinned yellow 
bclla* OTtiamented with bWk devii^t!;*, (dlowiiiK lli"^ <^iidB thcrooi' 
Ui luitLg down. On spi'^'inl ◦''iTtMJons 8 KtifT hhrk-hi^ltr ar l-^iva, 
nearly 3 inches wide, \s n-orti ovtf thitf, hiccd un injuriously 
tight.* Ariiiletjt ^oveii ftviiii llie fihr^ of the |inii<l]iiuus-h-nf aro 
flimilarly worn, literailr bruisini; the A^i honcdUh, A necklace 
of naAHO'dhr^lU groitnct dnwii and tdrtui^ togdher is couimoaly 
worn. ISeforo dADcos tb^y paint the facv with rtn-aks by means 
of a TOJK-coUiutcd liinr, nr any gorgcoiu coUur tboy can obtain 
for that piirpoftt'. This lime is fonail on the mitinlnnd ojiiHKile 
Boro (Yule Ifilaud), auiJ is eaten jn nrndl qiULntifivit with the 
U'tel-niil* Tlmy hk*-wlK- wear h'^l-^ln'sw-s aS bird-i-if-paralis^ 
(Paradigm re^yiaiuf) fi athtrs, and those of other cay hini*, whil*> 
tluf variegated leares of tho crotoHi swcict^au^lung hnrbs, and 



* I liiiT« knowa B ^Ki7% w»E*l miTlrAt^ted W thLi auid to « ipbtli of Only 
1 tt. tu., white hij flrih* 3 irbcli^ aUrvcr bad bdoir, lialgtd oqt tt 9 ft. 4 in. 



5S Stoke'* inscription of Mr Cmintry and Natives pf 

tli& ajBgle hibjficiiit, lire fnxin«tlly i>lttc*d belim*^ tbe armletB or 
upon tli« liencl. OinnmfiitR from the ^bfl), TnAtimui pigoB, 
grjnn<l oft' hy cooHtjint fripdcjn with a pirot of flint, rceemLiling 
a j^uir of boms, ure Huni, |r:iM?iird lUruugli the sepluQ] of tlic 
no^. \VJiti<»sheJl-arin.lot#frc<»i tlmBpeoie« TurfflV/irfw nto mcoh 
vnliied. Tbc <^*ra are piftrew!, ami nmong tJjc iioilKtm tribes 
f-b« lobf u Rrliiiciab V ^lo&gat^, carryiDR Jenr^nMnl>c« li ""'h 
diiunc-lcrr. TW Kofupii iDrn cnn be cu«ih" diMinc^eliod by 
wcsriiig A bea^iclotb^ or rerilotaj wliirL clivers tbe b»t*k [inrt (pf 
Ihr Imir, Wtp boun<i iciuud by a iTcniilncc, ♦^r i-rt/jiA"*!, of kio- 
^jinH'-LfH.b, Tilt? Kumrl «pnr itiinilur clntlies. but they arc 
iniK h lee^ common amonf^ IhcDi. A email bAf* of fin^ ni-tviork 
iff nimally worn by tbc Komri, ccntainm^ tlidr liiuc, wdi. b«td. 
fara^ a pTingout leuT, Lrrt, aiid a long ceny slightly rough on 
lilt: (*xtcrii>r, cdicd vjvio, posseeBing a pc^uliarlr npirr ond 
jiU'mj^tif* flavour. Ripe obiln^s, or mimra, cf reiriMikuljIy fine 
f^rowth, are tAso made up into bcad-ornameDia by titat mouutaiti' 

Tbo wuHLCTi'fi onlinary clreea conffbu "f a ffm^^c pbillo, or 
rajiii, 15 im-bes deep, iiiade ffum ibe |juj ilaniifr-kal't completely 
eiioin-'lin^ tlie toiii«. Tbo vmttti* mrrt of drca^i K 1 be1Eev«*, Joim<t 
ecn'kmoT^ in aU parta of Nerv {Jiiiin'ii. but a superior one id alno 
clmrnrlfrihtic of IUp Peiiinmila- ■rbt>*e are pKin'ipully niitdtt 
ot li-ftpntsi (Ti' iir Mnuiicijirnj. fr<>m Uit? i»nffO-palm kwf. wbicb is 
toni info lliii- Klt^■l]^, ramiecl Jiifiii RmtdT bnoehe^*. athI tleu 
tjciublod over into trkssc!?, rach flip being tit^d rotiiid nuar tliu 
bind. Tb^^y are aftf rw«nl"» ily«l jollim, mul nlsioof a browiiiah- 
rcd, when a hundred aro threaded compflclly upon n Btring, 
and ih*; frjuj^c cnt tc a becoming Inigtb. KsrtpUri: tbo bend' 
'Irpwe.s their Temairiing ornftmenis rese^iible ibos^ wfirn by ib^ 
mcn^ but tliC cars flud neck Jiro uiori^ protuFcly decorntcd. 
Wrib (.vrlAiii trilling vHrbifinni, Lbi- t-otiKt wurucn drew lunc-h 
nlikcr but tboer^ of tno interior have Tower omamcntationj^^ and 
mjiup of tliL'TU, I rtm^rkrd, «or?^ nrttt-d vr»rlii, Tbc diflirrnffr 
in climate Js no dotbt foimd to iie<>ee0itate ihla addition to their 
otiinv 

TattooCuL' fs common in tb^ Pi^ntnJculii, i-^j^ocnally nnong Thi> 
V on»en» 1 be body. Iegf<s and orm^ ^te uaimlly decoialed wilb 
bW1< iltvi<.-(^( rn gieiit profusion, nrid tbe ihce Ipjw »a^ And tho 
oliarat-t4*r of ench oraam'^ntationa usunlly chBB^i:«i with caeh 
tribe- Tbn fW* i* fii-at ji/iinteil, and then rriched ovt^r yklth a 
Hi^-jkalm Iboni, Ji* tbo eiifr<Kr lirn npon a CKjord plncod on llio 
beach. The cliaructer iu rogues iimon^ the MtiTu bna not n difl- 
umilikr appoaran?9 to the inflcriptione of tbd EgyptiatiF; Tbo 
In^diee of ihr' mm nrc often untattoood ; b«t ui hcioJc deed 
ciiiitl^ n mim to tbe difitinguinbed privileg^r of striping htfl 




/4tI Mar^y ami Nffiffhlour/ivod^ Neir GuinM. 5^ 

I, tlioagh boinp, ns a mlo, ndtlier a coum^eous nor 

.^u#*7T;fii/». — Exoeptmp: while Uio Mol« conoot tt^ uiwTit on 
thcdr tiwliiig-r^>yA^c«, iIiiticoA, or vifxmrus, aro almost cf nightlT 
ooC!tiTrence among the umunrri^d of butU iK-xec T\\Ky takV 
placo on tfao bcoch in front of tbo L-hiofs bonae, foiiiiiieut."iiig at 
uos^ ntid KfrnirtitBc-Jt rnntiniiing until tkwn, Tn«ir#; paHioiilHrl^ 
so durinfl; the few oiphte foUowmprthe aufo r^itiira of lln:;r frirJJiU 
and r*Utir>]tii. MimTit]|^hl riighu hj>^ pri?ferFpd, as do fire ur 
other ATtitloiul ]i:;1il iabuntt iit KUi^h timoM. Tbo (]ftitco« vnry 
in character, but all arc coiii^icted nith order and prvpiiirty. 

cleared ftimcv. while the j-rown-up men and uomeu »»tnn<l 
bMhind in witness thp ptTfonnBDrv; and thp rliiet" witb some of 
his fnciidii loolc on frcim thi* vrrundnli of hi« Iiotito. JSach 
carnea & chtiuu ; all iu»:^<ui]>iLiiy the sijiind hv n Diouolunous 
itf lcD<i[»n^ wondor-ful timi< witLi tlx^ir bi^iic^ oa tho^ go 
ibnwh a a6rit?A riC ti^^Mt^-H iikr thiAM: of u ijimdrillr. Etiiftiottr 
forbidii ibo rinrriod peo['l".' irom tAking pnrt in tlieao reofea- 
tionA. Notify ni the Kimpunn woTncn arcj however, Allovrcd to 
daooo; 1>iit the dmiees ol' the initrried and aiuglu iccu arc 
^biamm|:l]r graccftil and |>]ca«ui^, Each carricB a -Jnjtn, whicli 
hii AWBys fnidi Hidfl 111 Midt\ tir ubuvn rJxn h^-Jidj lunnnjiaiiyJn^ 
il hy the vi>ice and the niovoiiKnt of the limW, tliL* evolutions 
crnployrd ri^frmhlinij Uuwo of a hjillot, Tl\*y M*>Ui aix* very 
toM of ainirii^rr, ^tij ivhen in theii' oanoeti, thi^ir vouscm, mel- 
lowed by di*lar;ce, may be freqiiLiilIy heard. 

On tlu? i?unipU-ticn (if tln-ir trading, <m[in(^ri*;^tttftft ar« Wid. 
The canoes or W'crfotfl, nre uftiuUy made of tbrt>o large ccuiotw 
bniand ffnnly tog^ahf^r, Kidn hy «rdi>, rndi IIHchI with fif|(mrv> lOils 
sot bl^lwceTktwx>^la-^t«,»rmi4-llif»til3ldon'^ In ordor tocorrretly 
lest the AailiLg mweix of ea^h, a cin-lry of liulf-u-iutlH mdrtiH in 
indf^ti'd. Ihirin[i; thcflP trial^J ihi»rfi m mn^-h morr^'-inAkm^, 
and the wiuii*--r n;i*i'J^<'H tlit f^tummtulitioiisuf tliii b-*:* forluiiuLe. 
Whil^ the InkatciM ore away, the -^hildreu make njodelM atid 
hold hliputinn rrf:atTii-'< arnuiLj; tht-tnitnlrca. A <^i]«tr>]n, uni- 
versally nM|jiic'led. |inihibiU a nmn from entering a han^e uf ii 
wo:nan Avhor;*: husband is abiu^nt ; hena^ of i\'hatovcr colour ehe 
may ht-, tihr ft^^ds |K'rffi?tIy si^i'uri^ A few of Urn chililrrti hiivu 
«moll bowB and jirrowa to amase them; other^^ whijis, wbiL'h 
ttty arc vciy ff>nd of crnoicins \ nnd ttir bnbirs r\x^ givnn a fuw 
Ma-«beUa to.plQT wiibn Tlte J&lter are earned on ihi^ urm or in 
iiet»bftgi<i kidpa^. whicii at other linKf nic oIWd suspended >^ith 
the amtf*nlii to ii beam bt-nt-Litli liiL- vimsndiih and rru/kt^d to iiiid 
fro. All theee tribes are fond of pubhe ejieakinf;, f^Lich com- 
meitnea aflcr Ktiiidown nnd \\x*\v> fur hiUi thir nii^bT; hnt f.hi? 



60 HtoKG'i DxM-riptioR of thfi Couairif ^nd Naiiv^ of 



wotn^i rio nol, el» a tul^f taLie nny ptirt^ nnLew tbe point nt larao 
is *>ner fif iirgeiiry or ikhimj^I mli^n^rt. 

Zoctorjif^ ^c» — Tlie ouK iiiaiDiiiah fcund in tho Eastern I'tnin- 
0iil» nre^ — a siwcies oS Ititnffnroo, considrniblv Kaiftllcr th*iD 
that of Aualrnlia, nnd ext^eeilingly pleutlAi]; trie pif;, irliioh i« 
frcquoTitlv kept in cl tlon^oeticoteii atatc by tbc nntivcA, atid, 
when wilil. imimlly iiilmLiU th** riv(?r-Uunlfi* ; Uip do^ reaemblkQg 
the AuBtrQlinn diu^o Jii its peculiar yolp, foUDil in every xillogo; 
tlin Ayiiig ia|uirnO, bruulknot, mt, ojKirviiiit, nml iuir«:u& The 
oposffUm is v^rv rtire in tlio Dei^hbaiirlioud of Anuapata, if not 
ill the whole IVDJEfluia, tut L procured one timle Bp^dmeA, 
The cnftr^uA f» found «l ileiaa, and further Korth, io consld^r- 
dhh; quantities, Kcptilcfl bcconio moi'o nniriorDiu ag tho low 
luni] bi Ihii «i?id of tho Gulf ja nppnim-lit^d, niily rnitt liein^' 
»eon dune;; our IravoU Jnljuid, Itiaecls and laud-Bhells nro 

fjlt-iitifiil iu thi? iirighlxmrlioiKl of Itoro (Ynio Wand), but tbr 
utter BeiLTColy <ixiiit in th^ vieinity of AnuHjmtzi, and the 
fonnoT arc MMtrcc, Birds aic numerous ; and i obtnincj]« 
ibruugli my colbvtc™, about 100 diflV-TTiit iijxH.*i(ii*^ aom*? of 
wLicb, it i* Lulieved, are quit^i now. Theae, with flonic mar- 
gnnialK nnd rtli'-r in tr nesting spei-imeTLit of Ujituml btK^irVt u:^ 
wdl iifii cui'Loaitiprt. will, I am led to beliovj*, not be witliout 
■ome scicntiile vahie, idtltougb ihnr i^nlloelion wns quito of 
MOOndiiry conKideration, find wiW iieslst in enhir^ing luy prjY&to 
mRseum iu Ltdi^i^tRn 

Flower*! a^^ rerv scarce ; but orcbids, liliofl, jft*miDp^ bibififiw. 
Olid n ft'W tlowL-nng trct^ are fo^mtE here una there ; but, for 
watt ofoarryinjif power, I was unfortunately prevented fVom 
obtdinin^ 8|Teeiraens. 

Colfmtitattori. — [1rt\ing given a fow lerulbig ehararlepihtiea 
^1)0000111111^ the Eostei-Ei t^onineula of New Guinefit and those of 
iple with whom 7 enmr lu itmLlAel diiriu^A tbrro months' 
ice in tlmt oountT}'. 1 would luko the liberty to ooDcliido 
tk f(?«' words reqjpctine its colcjiiaotiiin. 

The r<1i[ijat« (>f a nHiiitry r>ro[K>*in.i In Ix- ann4M:od may ei^r- 
deo an important inJluence tn guiding any deei^on respecting 
it. 1 hitiv ulnnjdy ^ivrn ir^^rl^ain Htatihlii-Ji uliii-h nm nut en* 
eourugin;-, but tlio doatlia alluded to, it will he noticed, are 
confined to the colounrd untives of Polynesia. They hoviug 
ri-'jtidcd lonc^T in the P<inb«uhi than any v^hiUi mau, «uob a 
reiull wduM lie natural, but the |ierix*utage ia Gnormousn 1 am 
incdiiK^l Ilk tliink, tirvr-HhiOiTK}!, thjit Europeans eati iiilltHtiind 
tlic fatal tjfltulo of tri>pit;al illntEtieH tauaod by cbuuge of loca- 
tion ItiWr timn idosT. dark races, and tiiat^' consequently » in 
lotNiljtJttt v'bcn> tb(i latter die tlio former might only huvo a 
pacing illufsi. IJuL ftlUiougli the idiui^ilfl of ila oooat eannot 



I 




Pil/rt Jftrrtilif end yd^hboMrhood^ -Vrif* Gui'nAi. 



Gl 



MmU 



^■^ oftU^'d li^althy, tliat of the mouutaui-topa forthor inland 
, 1 feci L*;mviii<^c<I, bo fotin<i othtrwiao, ami it is tliero 
^ indpalU' wlietv tljt< luboJir^ of llit- riittlvator uouM U? bi'«1 
refwiiL iJiit cvfrn aloD^ the Hoo-cooet 1 do net tbiqk tLat much 
iii.^-d Imi frttrhil Ni loji^f aa jiro|irr iitimulion* arc? luiirn in ihi? 
trtft»nAFftIhid>vl ti> else w hero. Tbe nest of tJieCiUlf ia ilecidoilly 
unhcftltliy, though liigh ruid hcnlthjr localities may |jcthaps be 
fbit&J 200 ur oOU i\\\\v^ in ihe interior, hv meona of tlio Fly 
iiivct, find due north of the (jult'at a coQ^aoiably Ics dutance* 
bill \X\K-Mt nmuviix to hv j>roveJ, 

So far aa trading; is ooni^^raod, it is cert&iii that Iho iiativt^ 
hiivc ut nn**tf"nt no mltrh? the r«Kirt <if whk'Ii wmihl ifftVr sHfTi- 
doBt &Dduei<mc'uLi itr t«m|>t any Coloniifitjj; Ci»upfuiv to autilu on 
the PertmaoliL with a pecumary laotivo iii vieir. TaitoL^efthcJl 
dot?* rxixt, but I should doubt if tJiore want au mueh ux hoJf^ii- 
lou weight iu the cutiro aroa, Prodoua miai>rftlfl maj. and pro- 
b»Uy di> ^'xifft ntiioiig the high muuuljkiiM tu thn iigrth ; LiU 
^>ld '}A quite uukui>wn ttj tho naliv<d, atid no si;,'ns of auv were 
met with by my pirly. Kbnny (ind Bandal-wood lilieWiMj 
remain to bo disi^uvi.'i'^d ; v/bil» mjuii' cf Xht* fuitiit tiialer in the* 
nurLl ia only vailing toj- liands to woik it in the eoalh ot* 
tmUalin. Tho land would havo to btf niircl]tu<>d from tho 
tires; and any ri-t'u3al tu 8oU to auf^h a Oompauy would pro* 
bly lead tr> serious tnnisf^tlttiirr**, aiul ehiLngp tlieir pre^^nt 
citngi into thciso of hostility. From punitirouft iiioumo«, an<i 
y own ohavrvAlifiiis, I believe that pearl -^hi'lF, if found at all 
111* vost of the Otiir, will not bo found in j;ut)iotent qmintiUoii 
pfty; vrhlle iripauK {hkhe-^ii\er), Ihcru^-U fuuud un thb rv^fv 
tho fioiith, is not over-abun*lBht 

Tliot tht' inhahiUiriti thi^msclves are ^ufHcitntly intelligent to 

wiah for furlher enlightenment I quite believe, Lul to effeet 

10 chan^ too much carw e^mnot be cxerciwd. Any Hx^t: or 

dd»-n iiithji, hilhoJtt ib nurtive hniiig perfmlly tmih-rAlfUMl^ 

would either be reajetod, or elee (invc the iahabitants from their 

own homcH and platitiili^inK into i\\e iiilf^rkrr, oid) In n>«ii]t \u 

tbeir exierminatiou. lik^ that Ateadily takin(^ phtce umoiij;^ tl>e 

Aboriginofl of AastmtTa, Such a syatcm uw that nifttrnsj lo 

iBong a superior and not unfriendly race must., at all erenta. 

avoided, for her inbahitants arc alre-ndy ti:o few. Of all 

mudi3t (]f rub 111 (HH tin It naiuijg uu iiultiLored ]H'r>[)]r, I riniirivn 

lat to be t!je beat >fhioh is attained by peaceable uieuiia ; that 

hi*h w^^ thi'ui iiilf' Jisipliercr of <xntei it'll ne*« and uwfulrirffi: 

hieh, rthtl* not pLTmiiiiiif> in^uburdinaiion, yet <?xer<»ift(-* 

grntlcne^; wliicb^ tnough goTcnJng, vet allows n^r anbjecta — 

whethi^r Iduck tt whito— lo have an iiitt^ix^t itx thnt gov«m- 

ont. It has b&en coutc^udod that the Dutch av^tem ia i>n« of 



wi 

Of 

tb. 

i 



XxnzR'j X>iary of a T<mr in A'toYUAZM, and 



oppreenon, if cot cf d&ref^; lut 1 urn unuUc toec^that oilL 
<^ tbc«^ cxi^U Ja « govem m eiit Hhich obljgfa an Indoltut ]ieopI _ 
even thoiii»l] at flret againtet tht?ir will, to become UUoirs of ilif 
soil, wlicrcbf lln:y ftre crcfttcd iiaciul mciubisrs of aooirty, find 
ilieuihi^lvra uuTre t^ualeated, po3a<?ss betti?r liomos, and aU «r§ 
hmejiit^^ Such ifl Ihe ciwo with eighleon miJIions of Ja\'aDc0e ; 
itDil K eastern. tUii can acconiplwn tMii Rid is not ifriti to bt? 



4 



W.^Ea^a^from a Viai^ of a Tour in Kftomwan, and Aote» 
en the E'f^9m AJbun Trv^t. By Captain tlie Hon. G. 0- 

Dlirt, — J'rfi/tf 3rJ. 1874. (hilhth U>Kamitw\^d mlh^. — Pnim 
X«heran cr (lulhck tlioru Is, bi^tfiil^g tUrr ronta skirtini* tlio 
moQJitaiiiA UHnull)- LiLkcii by troi>[)fi £Jid uitav&ns for ^Imnid 
and Haflb-bet), an nltj^ni^ttvn rcjiifji niniLkig paralli?) to it, but 
considcrribH' more to thu nurtU. TUid ib Riid to be n rou^ 
and difllciktt ruid, bnt^ iDiUDlaining as H do&i a DiutrU bigber 
luvel* is prcfomUo in ffummt^r. 

Starting fnjiri Toliciau or Uullitii, tUe smaiuer-ijiiftrtorK of 
tbo Bi'ilHli Legatioti, jl villnge (luth loads acrosa Ihe low'cr 
uiiditlatioue of tbi- Albiu^ Mountain^ ^i fcrtiJc tract kiiovu as 
l\\v Shiimranat. TiiPie wna stili nnow on tht- muiiutains, ami 
iijftoy copioiiPi ptroEuna trnvcrsoJ tlio plniu, 'I'ho most fitrikinff 
fitfttnro "f tbiM triKl is tlip umrLod tiuutiant brtwiiim thn bind 
within and ont of rtTiocb of water. A npacc oi' a f'jw feet oody 
intorroLirJ* K-tw^m ibc muhSL lomrutnt vi'grlnfjon, an iindei^ 
i^xvth fjf riink piiiw, clover, VGt?beB^ forest Injes, and tr«oa 
ludeu niLlj fnnt» aiid u. batrcu, hard, ilr_v» soil, bfitriji^' tjiJjr a 
ecanty crop of tbistl^a, This ooTklrast lends to Uit- gmdcoaaad 
bnnilcta sua tt^rcd over the hili-ddrts half their beauty, or riith<-T 
half tb<«ir i-hnrrn. At udiatance uf uWiL Ifi miti'^ ie tbe baroM 
*>fSurkh'bwtfar,dieU\Lt from Teheran ISmilos, ThencQlb<-tc are 
Vtivt ruiuln, one dnu <Tiift. rroA^iiig tlia Jajarud stf^ain b}' a ford ; 
tho other beajdine north-oast over the epur dividing tho >Sbam- 
ranat from the Jajftrul V^lky, There ia^an eaay asCrjut of 
7tK) feet in A\ mib.^a, and li sleyp du^c^init of 300 foet in 2 mllea 
Ui the etremu, which is ppanneJ by a solid stono bridge of foiu- 
arches, beyond nblch is a (yiuaiway nf a few feet in vjdth cross- 
ing the flood-bed. Throe miles bolow the bridge ia n ahootaig- 




^Mmon the Eastfru Alhyirt Trttci. 



& 



\oAtfi of lUi! Shatfjc, bclfjw timt point tho nn^Ain diviricd Jiit<> 
iiiim^'roiiH vlurtn^K nii4 f^hurlly 'liF^ti'IbiileA its wnL^rs mto tlia 
ouQuL* of ilii- nuifi;[i1>oun]]^ ^xirtiiia of the plain <^r Vorttiiiin. 
Frum til"-' lirwi^^t llic ujniv iJJLuaos ta?l up h UEitrow ;cltu t^j tl*e 
JiftinUt »t Kiunoier, tb<^ tirxt iftigc. linrii Iro^'Q hills of i^vtj 
A\Mf\ niliiTiiiiu hHuI iu the i^Em and Knuilet witli lU lew plilchcii 
of com, NotwithManiliu^ An dcvstmn of r»200 foot, the ther- 
tnotnctd' ^howcxi u tcmpcraturt^ nf 1)0° iu tlio sliado ut mi<l(luv. 
At 1"^ ii fell fo r*3°, 

4f//k To GiUard, *£i milos. — Leaving Kanimer tho rood ttiiida 
41141 up a iNirmw ^U^i ivliidt flkiirtly vtidms uut, nbintitig u IittUt 
znl^vation aod 1l>w liilla on both sid&i. Iq four mJlGs ui elevu- 
^ ~ is gAincil beyond whicli extendi 0. wido uadulAting pUtoau 
ettcuiintf for 18 nillea eoiit. and 12 lo 15 Ju i^idtlj ; loumllnff 
it on tUe north aro tbo lowci' spun of tlio ALUtuz, baclft^d 
hy tho Jiigh riK'ky ridgv wnkinfsl n-itU unuw. Tc» iJm miTilli tlip 
plaUiiri lulls uiTBy to a valley in "bieli floirs a amall sUvum 
Irani I fiMnnvetid^ uoyand » llio loJig, iliirl^ biirriNi ridgv; of litir^ 
ptob, of eouiidoralle luiight, «<fpAratiii]; tfie platenu from tho 
phuiEi and tho coraTan rout«, 'LVo amal) pereuiml fiU'eaiux 
tl3IT«i^ th43 platcjiUj thii fint kii^»u hk tlu? DumAhimi Kud^ 
vitli A liiuulet of that uame oq Jls bauba; the aeoaod 114 the 
Bud-Hind. lJr*th nupi^K r.itmidpndili' itxtfinU of cultivation 
Ofid J&rgo ^ardi^nn., Uu thu Uud-Hiud At^vim h tho line 
viLU^ of Sialibuiid, Uh; |m|MilutLori of nhich ao^ Klli^h fmuj^ 
pbuitod by oqo of tho ShiuidT prt^baUy Shah Abbuiu: the Grc^Lit; 
Huan MTV aKii cjthiT Ht^tkatu tilLigt-s tad ImmleU of Ktjnls, 
«]»o are all Ora\Tii tenants. The ^it is ^oo(] and light-looking 
ollaviuTa mixed wjtii gruvel, with a fuir covering of rou^h 
fftkfs and wUd flowers, tn tho more barren purls gravel pro 
Sominatc«t and a hard, dark aandfltonc cmpt cmL TIjo whcitt 
juul liiiriny •At-ra liyhl and lon^-Wklufj wiUi vj ftUaw^ 1ml. th»^ 
Main ia said to be lar^o ana the )'i&Id an nvprap.^ of 35 to 30 
lotd. A coii^tAiit Htip[»ly of wjitpr, hum-vtT. Is itijnirod Ui ijii*p 
OTOn vhheal and barley, and thia ^0 tract, villi a most dc-Ii^ht- 
(bl cliiDsto, and a sun not opprcuivcly Ixot even M midday ia 
July, ttt incapnth? of ■iip|)orting a jKipnlaliun. T}it*rtf an? nlso 
no ftuoh «vidfiD(-ee as oiial it) the aouth of I'^reia of the yviht^r 
ly and irrigATinl un\i Imviiii; Ui-n in formor tlmr*** greater 
at prenoDt. Tho tuiSl ona of the pUteau is broki>u by a 
>ctjiig spur of tl^ main raiigei froiu the crc«t of whidi a 
viow i« oltainod ov<Tr tho moe, open valley of Demavoud, 
'The Vfvk i/i Di^tnaTviid oia the north towcr« grandly ahuvo the 
bv^ lidgcujp froia a gap 10 whjf h Imiio^ a f^reeu line of gardens ; 
tbia gap fproadM out to a c^iuj^Ie of miloi in mdth vhere tra* 
▼CTfled tpjr the road, thence bending westward it contrjcts, and 



61 



Napieji'* Di^if of a Tortr in Khortustw^ and 



ippiTfiw brtiiiiid tln^ long sliipt^M of llii* pltkt<:au 
ing till.- ^~a)ley u^ llit^ wint.lt, EsfiMv^^LU ti Laneii hlope iindii 
Jatt'H K*'"**^')' ^ '^'^ iftky-liiKs doited \\\\h but a few gfcon spot 
of cultivation, Tim lar^ ifUlagt- of DiiiLnivtrm], lyiuj^ lo tlia 
iBortli of iJid roAd. ig huldon by panUtin and tall Krov«« of 
it liufl ^00 to 500 boUEie^ aII iidiabilcd, for th^ fiuumo 
Ificnly slightly MX-. The population \% sa»d tc have nrtunlly 
Inctr-attcd by immipntinn, jitid (hid i.i Ir^rtilioil by Ih'^ Appi^knuico 
of llie valley, wfiirli is fally c^dtivzilni; tijere !>< not lIi*ustiftE 
toarfTJn of luiid throvm nut of cultivation. i 

5fl. SaidahitJ, 21 rniifH.- — Limvihj^ rriltan] ihp road mrw 
east acrose the yalley of DcianTcnr), pasi^'mfz tha little etrentti 
tlut luULLo by A ^owi stone bridge^ nud thciico on for 20 miles' 
through iLe fertile village lands of Aiu-i^Venan, Jaghnn, and 
^^aTbun(lftn to Sai(!al.>a3, where the plateau ends abraptlv. 
TUiM i>luleiiu In n (!oiitinimtnni <}{ the ftamjibiMd UneX tdimcl/ 
described, but baa ^'toatcr vridth, a more lo7ol aurfaco, and a 
\yt'\U.r MUpply of HubT. ll£ hijI is a Sue aUiivinut with littl-i 
Band or ;^ravel, und of considerablo fertility, produtiii;* besides 
bcary i^tom of wheat and barlev^ mai^ei pulsoa, castoi^l, and 
cottoiL There uro ih>v^ii fine vilWes, the lour abov^e mentioned, 
and Ab-i-Sard, Mazinok. Da^h-i-Sbah. Ono of the emallc^t, 
Aiu-i-Viinmii, |my* tJO khurwiitw uf gram, imd 120 Tonmru 
nomixal rovenue per aiuiu/n ; bisidee (umiahin^ 50 men to Ih-s 
legini^^nt of T(.4ji?niu. 0[ie-half of the villagi* is bold in fr*'o 
f^iioita by Syudrt, This aasei^munt, thouj^di aj'jarently trifliupp 
u iLvilly high in cuiupoitaon kvitb Ibat of mmilai' vilU^s in 
cAit6r i^arta, and iiidicutt'>^ a gn-iil frrrtility. M'ii'ii ruwttanoit 
■in di^-ing wtilh and wat^^r-oourat^fi, otiit^r parta of the ^afiati 
Imight be brought iind^T rultivatior^ and voM rival in pni- 
duelion und in boauty tbu moat favoured trac-tii of Routli-CttjiUni 
Kurope. Wilb a ^oud road over tlie iiiuuiit^iiuM, a larp[6 pt^pu- 
latiou might bo supportod, withciit fear of faiDino-j by tho 
suT}du£ ^raju prodnce of MaTUiidcrmn, and tUeir murt^ iviuily 
lands and witter bo devoted lo tlie production of cotton, tobacnj, 
fruita, nine, and other vaJuablo staple* of foreign and intcnul 
tradop 

Ain-i-Ver/an, overshadowed by lofty mcuDtain -ridges ioainf^i 
with Kuow, i^iUi ilftavennejKjf pnplura, and preen fields Mfttvied by 
u atroani dasliiog doivn to tbn rock-stro^vD hill-ekirt in ono wbito 
line of i^usrrudr'H^ and ueut mos^jue ivi(h whilci <hrlagr>iial jijiii'o 
showing; over the ^r^en bcnj!;bB of olni ai^d fivt^aniore, tai^ht ooni> 
pure mUi any village in the Tyrol oi the E^vii^ia AIpsi Id spite 
of it« <d»vution, the ^xintor on tlio phit^u is £ujd to be tioarcely 
moru seT^re than in the lowlands; anow falling to a grcnt 
duptb, but melting ^uieldy. 




Ni/U^ t>fi tli€ Eastern Aiburz 'JriicL 

J^Jo'CbA lilTI'aiTif i^lmv- SaidHUirl was llir} Gunip of a purty of 
Whwft of Turkish ori^m, but n<?w Hhialig, of tVo «cct knotm 
as tlie All nialii. TIjcii belief h tlmt AIJ, l!ii^ jicpht^w of thi* 
prnphct, vaa God iiK^arnate. Tii^y ap[H>ftre»l to hfivo no notion 
of ihii origin of tliw doctrine, uiJ Miid that *' everybody be* 
lit-Ted tbe ftfime;*' the tents, ratuXe of bUck goAtVbur woven 
ui utrip^ vrcro euppcrtcH by a number of ehort sticks placed 
at lUiy nnglf?; iboiigb fmil-f(«>kiri;4, Ui<?y iire ealil to gii'e ^ootl 
protitotic^n a^inst both win<l ntitl riLiD : the women of tb? 
party wt^re iiavdk-i], jl&iI ramie uo ahoi4 of hJ<UrLg tlnfii' fiuv^s. 
riiey were hard at woik maktug " kwai," a §0!it ch^esa of sleep 
itad goata' milk churned in a lefttbern bog. Id winter iheae 
Iribf-ji dest'^iu! Ut the lowlajidH uuiiiplug on tho out«UirU of 
some largo yillAgr, wbore thoy borter tboir ** kwut" for other 

*ith. To Fttvi Kuhf 31} m/7«r.— CroseinfT ihd vuUey into wkteh 
the DcmaveDd I'hitcau falU nith a &tccp scarp, the louto to 
FirUE Kuh, the next t^Uig^r teudd U]> u narrow gorgr^ with rtx^ky 
bills on buth aides; over a green pkleau for a auurt diaUuce, 
and thotioe tlown n vn]ti, nigg(?d glen to thn b<uik*j of tlu^ Df^Ii 
Vhuh » Himll »trc»m flowing inlo tlic plain of Vi^ramin. The 
Ifeli CThai. or '* miwl Ktream," flowig tbtiruij^li a piHiirpflqn^ valley 
<!»<»J<im4 by lolly mounUuns of gmuU outtm'^', throwing out 
lu!d. nxsky Mniri ^it alzile aiid >Hud:4toiLe, Tliti L'ltJTri ikll^runLT' 
wiih gfWD efopee <.'orerod with *7ypTCeB and jiujiper, Ou the 
Imiik of tUn ntri^iim viOr & camp of a |TArty of villagers from 
Veramin, sp^ndicfi^ the sumTner in the mountains, with their 
flocks and herds ivnd frull^licf^ wliilc thpir crop** were being 
rtit hy lui^ hand^. Th» usubl luboriou^ pruL^eiM of ebnrnin^ 
kwal was going on ; the mou cf tlic party seated and doin" 
tlir' UTimeiis work cf sjiinniug. From ill? Deli Cliai a good 
path W-tids over a vory ron;;h Itaot of country for 14 nailes to 
ihc Nimrud, a [m^'i atrcaro flowing into th« Veran^in plain. 
Ai'rtjrat die Nimrud is tUtj plateau of FiriiK Kah, green and 
fertn<\ tiavei'aed by the Sbvra Ghco, a, small stream wilh 
roar<liy bank*. T\ui vilbigp of FiriiK Knh i* situated on the 
Bonth side of the plateau at a point where this vtt^am enters a 
n»ky gofi^'i* sbnt iu by two opjiuning I'UiTs of liinestour iltif) tn 
4tXl fret in lici^'ht, and t(urTn6orit(>d witb the ruins of an andont 
fbrtit^Tei. Haid to have LeiJiL buLlL hy Aleiaiider the Great, The 
^lUc*^ hofi 5U0 honscKj manv of *hieh wer&, however, i^wptEed 
by tbt famine. At t^oiva <3b«e. a vilfag« alx or dght miloB 
kigher up the <tn?iin], are aiiid to bu some lock h»a(^ri|ilicm*. 
Through FiruK Knh hce tln^ inaiu po^t-roud b> Mui^andarjiu, 
It i^ now miirh used by caravans taking rii.-ej limTier, and 
<harcool to tlio capitAl, but tau^t thortly be auperw>4U'd by 



i 



NAri£R« Ihary c/a Tmtr in Kht^rastan^ and 

thd ^aliV iKvr rood fuMbor vo«t domi the rM^y of the 
Hafax. 

TfA, Tq ihir So/id, 18 wiiVr* — From the oafit a BraoU stream, 
kuinvji «« tlm flur Hiiiii], (Iuwm iulo Ihc Firiit Kuli Plali'iiu 
and joins the Sowa Ghi, the united streams ihcn flowtiiL» §oi;ttb. 
Tlic route li« dircctlj lip this etieam, Tijfl Finj3! Plfttcfto, 
thus plentJI\iily ^olei^I, produces rfvy lar^ eropa of ^jfrnfn. 
Tho vrholc of the aorth-riiat rtortion of the pljiia, known oa l^f 
JiilgtOi-'i-Kuttihui H iiijiUt cti[ti)iLth:iij, and f1i>'iY> w jimjili* room 
for I'xtenei'tn. i hoar*l tliu oommon comptAint of scarfritT of 
hnads to (ill ihr vqiI Tlic lovrnr ]Nirt uf thr }:lrti of thr; Gnr 
Safid ia a perfect gem, and it would be bd en^y lotsk li> Ihid 
jta match in any cotictry, FUir. crop» of wheat id full mt 
«xtOAded iiloQg Its whole lenpth reapliinji to the fool of tlio hills, 
and t'ovcrirg every ftvoitnblt* foot of grviinuL The AeldB fkrt 
80pamt<Nl only hy low Lmilu covcrwl wilU blur (*orn*flower, 
krkapnr, and tulips ; evory ^n^e strip fi parlorro, with a o&Tpet 
of short, clc»i.\Er(T^u turf. Thf tun lillrtgn* in iho i^leii^ Shah 
Dull and Eaictf^, are buried iu ^n^ves of popkr, olm, and »k 
TIiu liill-slcpcs arc barrcu, but their bancitnc^ servea but to 
cnhanou the fteahuesa of the verdure they L'rioIc»flr>. Opposite 
to the laM-named Tillage tho stream inakce a sharf] lend to the 
rorth, jiBMsing llirou^h u narrow gorge nhiil in hy high clifTs, 
on thj> lod^oe of wliich aro a few ^uarl^-d Btum]>'f( ai cynrca*. 
'J^i*:- gorgB is nat m<HTT (Intn lOt) yarda in b.^ngth ; the cliffs uu 
oitiuir sid*-, 30y f<.^l in height, ate ft>rnj<?d «r u light^M^loured 
limestone. difTereut (torn any of the siint)[uidiu^ tocks. Th^y 
baTO th^ appearance of huvjtt^ bLcn foroud into tlie:r present 
|>09(it.ion by volcanic action, ik'yoiid the forf^e, and near its 
mouth, aro th^ niinu of an old fort, built pntfrcly of red sand- 
atone, on o low lull of the* aonie nx.k. Thcnoo tfic valley 
widens, and t^oiitiuiif^ with varying nidlh fur 10 itiiW to Gur 
Sa^di a giiLKing-^roiind of a iionmdio tribct whieJi wintors in 
thr plain uf Lcmnau. It h exleufiivt'Iy mdtivutc^J, nnj nfibrdi 
ri<^ pastuiage, Kvery little gW bnd its camp of bJaek tants. 
Both man and women were *tvcdl cloth^^il, tlic lattor unveiled 
and wearing a good dpAl of Jewellery in ibe shfipe of strii^ of 
gold'^oinsttndboadd. The touts werofipreat.1 witJifelUandhoino- 
wmJe carpeta, and appeared clean and WHatlicr-iiniuf, rialtln, 
borecfl^ ana lai^o Qt.nM oi sh^ej> f^nuel on tlie marahy [uuctnrea 
and on th« hlll-alijpt^s, The tribe pay mi rovfuur*. giviiig only 
a amall percent rtge of llcir ytmng mnn to the Shah'a army. 

6A, JV ifA^V, "JUi mi^ea^—From Cur 8ntid tfjc rt^ute fuli<*ws 
tho valley to il* h€<ad» and thence, eroshinj/ u narruw, low ridgp, 
paaece into tho valli^y or platoaa of Jasn, ao naiaed (ruoii an 
old domed \anvv nM iu have bteu built by a fJuebre king. 




Notes <M iAj Ea^errt Athnr: Tmci. 



I'ko tower l» octfigorial, 20 f^M^t liigh, iiiul vrvry imuaJvo. lliero 
jfffiiQ BO carvin^:* or im^eriplionA. From tbo JewIi Vdlloy tJic? 
laftds (iiCTvwv n roiigli fiillv triirt of country iiiti.i the liwiti 
of A nnall stream flowing from tlii.< oiut to a ^huu WttiDg \\iiwx\ 
to ISazandarau, kaowa a« the Aiias^iaii 1^. ani) fiuJiT U> Ur 
very lougL and difO^uIt; foUovrirg ttto rtr<*Am to it« eonrc?, 
a at^^ep aacent loads on to the pUt^aii of Khin^, an c)<^vci1<k1 
triti<t, ciijipnrtod hf u Ktc-Rt i:piir, rnnrting oiit iVon the Nezwsr 
P«ak of Atburz into too \\&,m near L^maan or Li.mtjua* JUotJi 
th^ Jftsh ViJlej' a^)<l i\\e plateau of AnatiL^raij are oultivatt^ in 
pArt«T '^ii^ th9 i^liE^t^crv>|>H w^ro lint^; tho ^holo arfia is, how- 
fiver, luetguiHciiiit, TUt' ^udusm^ hilU ^Ijuvt^i uutLbig bat 
«oft rocUl*, sainUTunG c<3ag!(>mf*r^tc.«^T gravel, and ehal^ out in 
tli« btil of tho Kiiiog strdADi >vere loaQy touldera and pebblca 
of pranit*, qnarty, and other older fonaalionB. 

Tlio pUti'QTi *if Kiting is a good "pccirocn of tbe sumnLcr 
4|u»itera of tlie nuiniulv^ wttli hi\ ^levaliuii uf 9400 ftiiTi, ami 
open to every brc^rz**, it has a perfect cliioalo- The sim'a /aya, 
even] lit EuidiLiy in suiQiuer, wem not toii jKiwrrrfuL Tlierc i^ ^ 
p^r^nnial spring cf good nator, ^uffici^al not only for couatlev 
nnck^* and licnl* of cattle, but alao to water acycral milea of 
ricli paiiun» wiudiug through gre^u upUudi*, wliioh pi*i> in eairy 
UDdDiationa for ixatiy milca on cither side. 

fl^A. T" BuilfKn^ } H miiw, — Diiif'f^i^ding frinr the Eliing 
FlalOfiD, tUo tnick, reduced to a moro foot-patb, ltoajm tlio e^Icoi 
of I.^HZ-garrah, wliich drains mti> plains nojir Danighan. Tlio 
lerol bottom of 1b» iil^^n, laviug a k-bgCU of abuut 1^ mUo 
and a Ijrettdth of bait' a mile, ia veil walt^r^d and culutatod. 
It ends in a narrow dcfiW, niih bJgli precipices en cttdcr *id9, a 
perf<;ct natural fottresf. 

On an overliangiiig spur is a piotiire«iiiio TmatTifLdab, with a 
gronp of wealher-beftton ovprosM. Crossing a spur the route 
•iit^n llin ?alley of KUiu^' iCLurrali, tlio Itjwtir porljuu of wblcb 
IB ou!tiTat4>d, tbo iippor covcrvd with ftni? rich p^tnro, on wliiob 
wen; gowW si-vf ml gorxl bnicKUmam, und a herd of Quo heavy 
diort*nonieu blaek cattle^ s£ unpc^iior lo the ordinary homed 
bneta of the Eiiat as the rich growf, in whii^h they stood ki3CC- 
deop. Is to the baro pastures otlower elevations. 

FoHofting this valley for aovcral milca a picturcfiqno dcUo is 
imtpred, thtt Unt-k winding durtn ihivmjfb it^ovcrhutig liy higli 
rocky Bpui*,wcU('lothi>J with oypreM and juniper; aftor leavinp 
the paWj tlie stn?am ti;rn» down vtmi UmnriU lAixy^uahitan, 
thtoitgb a gap in tho mala miipf, :aui i^ joined by a tributary 
brook from Uil- pUteau of Itudbar, a fertile poaturc of 5 01 C 
nilee in length, and a littlo U^ in width, enelu3c<d by Rpiin of 
the outer chain. 

r 2 



4 
I 
i 



*» 



>~AriKB« Uiary tfjn Ttjw in KhortUMft^ and 



lith. To Eumnabad, 21 mU^.—Yv^xa tJie RudUr Pialouu 
the* ruula into tliu viilley of Fovrlud Kohalla cioaeu*a a hiu;h s^ur 
of the maiu ran^, ttbich is connocteil nt tLie point with th<* 
out^r mncfe- From ih^ crest of the spur the wh^t,^ soutl^m 
mass uf uxQ Alburs;, clothed fr'om nujiiTnit to ba^^ with deOM 
forest^ wae Twitilo. A aefi of white oloucJa lud tiio sliirW cf tLc 
i'a,ri)(L* mill ih^ CiLS|iiziii. Neiir tht< t^w^l t'oititiiv-inTtiJ tht- forud, 
at tlrst a few etUTiU>d oiiks, lonor ilown mnssoa of boccb, maple, 
oak, uitl othrir ilrridtiouB Lri^es, growing to a great height osmI 
^rtb; no couirerd or evergreens were lo be se^u^ SoatUred 
through this foroAt, which csitends in mon^ pJacea t^th^ sea> 
are a low vUIugoti luhabttM during the enniiD^r oiilv liy ihi>p- 
iicrds and dicij- wives, ^vho arc employed in preparing "hwat" 
or wlnlx^r ronsumiJlfiJiL Th*; milk, that of glierp and gimlx 
loTy, id L*ulloutL-d Jn lar;^^ iron TC8st?Is, warmed and luft tu ^taitd 
till l.bk'litme I ijito a nou:- niiuis t)f l'uhIs, nui] then irhmm-d in h 
woodt?ii eyliJider, 8 feet hipli, perforated for tho escupe of thv 
^atcr, IJie cheese when turned out is cut up int^* fiinaU cubos. 
It hiui » bitlur tju&U%wbi[?h, however, it \A sutd to loseoilkr bwDg 
ku^t ior a iDODtU or two. 

I )'.'«':*.*□* liijg fnim ihe rr<»nt of thii raiji^c, th<» roiii'* jiasaea into 
tho plain of P'owUi Mohidla, iu an cu^torly dirutTtioti. Tbc 
]iluiu bt(et[^iifj^ lur 35 mile:^. bi-'niliLi^ west h1 iU further oiid, itiid 
doefod by barrvn spurd, throuf^h ^vltioli it clrAine into the Dinoghati 
PJaiu, With on eoatorn exposure it htt^ also a sterik hoiI, im- 
pr«^s1«cl for the moat part- with salt- Tlic Mrsam of vat^r 
Hi>wiiig thniiagh it, and thL* wutcr of M the hanaU, U tniicki«h, 
KowJiuJ JTolmlln is a larg*? villrtge of *200 honeeB, lying 2^ miles 
lix>m the foot of tho piLSs; it hju a good strolch of cidtiTation, 
wiiI«iTil by u few small brm^k-* froia llie glens of the inuiti 
TAHge. Four mib?e below the Tillage ie a flno n&fituro with a 
A^tniig of drinJcabld water. From this [Hiint tho hoi! of tho 
centra of the valky obange^ from, gravel to a light, poTOUi^ 
*pongj alluvium, through which any wnlor rcar^hing tbc snrfaco 
«tnl;K W) dfi'p oit to form a trea<?bfironsi niiiokwuun ^Iry on the 
fiiirfato, but Uiiiibio to bear tho weight <'f a irtdon miil^^, and gittl:- 
dtwfp, Thi^ billB ifii nillitir aidti of Llur vttlli-y nyti^b it* Im-el ta 
bw easy spur^ of white and rcnl ntarla ana clay, miioh ^oamod 
ftnd furrowtd by weather. The banh:* of the sti-eauk am lined 
u'ith dwarf tamarisk ani] various species of ital^Ia, 4ilaar]y indi- 
eating tli^ natTjru of the soi!> 'though no luinos are worKod, it 
nmy vufely Th- preiuTiii-d ih^-L MaU tfxijiUt in large qunntltiw in 
tli« moDfitaina, from the tipper ornsl of which the soil of tho 
lia>~i^ h;L8 li«!oii HJi&hi^ftL Frmn Fnwlud Miih»dhi to HitiMinabad, 
a ^nog With a sinuU garden but iio hfibiUktiQn^, \h a di^tanoo of 
15 aiHe!*, wilhuut villii^e'* or cuhi\alioii, and with sweet wat^r 




JUfto on the EfiafrA AUmrs Tr<Kt. 

ono ploco only, A milo from HuBaiuaWI, on u spar of rod 
w, w &i\-. viH;i^^ t>l" 8arkh<lrh <pf ItXi Iii»im«, at th« 
luth of a piLw leading to Sari, IH^ ob)i>f town of MaKAndaran. 

to Chaa(n«<li>-i-AU, <i dislnnce of It! luilcH, thtrrt? in no mliigc\ 
The plaiD bocoinea, if po3aibJ<>. mov** barm-j] i]\M\ before; and 
the ^pt>cif of tito frnt-'loxing moiirjt^iu^t mnr^ fiirliilding, Th(» 
■oil ohaog^ from tho U;;Ut vponj^y loriin of ilic [i^>|>tT part of 
thi: vollt^ to gmvel anil aaniJ, the BurfiLco slreued witii boulders 
Mid Ur^ pebbles. A mile from Ohunicli-i-Ali, tlio barr^^n liilln 
oJoee in And conceal tt and tli^ TiUafn* of ^Vatona from viev. 
Foflnng between ihe eDclcwini^ 8pnre aiS acrou the salt-fitrpiim 
wbich IS Ivft floiA'ing c^uif, tlic n-tili: tiirn» north-^coit loward» « 
di?pr(SKjW aiiovG which thi* iroo-lops cf Astann and of tho holy 
sprJiig shortly bixjrjine vfMbJe, Th.e spring, onrloeod by a wall 
And sLjuk'J Lj a gniYfl of line j>Une iviid jioplur \r\^^ lies iu n 
hollow JiUnit a milo north of the viUat^e (A^i^iqa). Mow it is 
ft prellj campiii^-groimd, in w gri>Te nf willtm, ttJtlcut, niid rlia 
trees, tbran^li wliicb flowa a stream of pure ^vater nliich it f&ed^- 
Tbe utt«'i devolution of the Tiilley aboTo tbc grcrn oasiff watered 
by the Htr^atu ik Tiu;iKt alriking, uiid fully ucrouiit^ for, if It di^A 
not justify, the local belief iri tho miraculoQfl origin of tbo 
»|iciiiIC. 

XAth, Chaan^h-i-Aii, — Vietled iLo a|)ring which had boon tlie 
Mvrious day occupied mid euclc^Bod Lj tbe camp of same ladies, 
the proTH>rty of it Uuvnmor in MuKandurnn, it m diiofly re- 
jQurltabfe for the jpt-nt volume of water lUnt i.M»«l^H from one 
]n>int, juid X\iv complete stmlily of the vallr-y ntid Htirruundirig 
EacuEtiuin;^ frf>m whicb it tc prcflumrilly f'ti. Tii*! diaclmrgo jtt 
llie -ipring-lieftd «ng foiinH to be.ala rough caleulalioii, 100 cubic 
lout pc>r JH*con'h Ihc water is j>orfectly pure, hiiviu^ rtpparcutly 
noiimtter in jtii.-ipcinHi(Ji] ; but it iiK^rtHlilcd villi WJme iiMaftTig j;nj* 

Krtioe, and ia sftid to be especially effieooious in all skin-diBeasos. 
Kuibly tliT* jK'nious who rf?sotl lo tl woliM find th«^ xjiniigs of 
their owa I'dlagee eijually so, if more froely reaorti^d lo. 

The stratum from ^vhicb the ^^rrin^ i?v4ucs is a cooglomcrntc 
uf gmvel, ttitb some hirp;o unguW bimld^rn iif liiut'tftonfr, piJM- 
aibly bruught to tJie i!^\ioi at &ome very ri^mole period : no otbcr 
nx-li iN viniMe- A liirge tank, ^hailed by .'i Elnc planM.rea, in 
mied trom the spring ami cmtainn n nuutbur of tench, said to 
be aar^red, but, ub I fouml, not tliilicult U.\ Inud kvlLb a ulvor 
hook* A biiii<ljng erected by tbo fi^liah on the edge of the tank, 
miidkU if »ot orL'upi<*d by M)m« of th<' picntn frntrTiiilyof Lrami« 
Ui^ualiy to be found ban^iui^ abont such plac^B^ be available 
for any European traTollor who cbo^c to pny $, imali sum, uud 
would bu n most pleasant lodging in tile summer. 



I 




70 



IS'atibr'j Diartf ^fc Totir in KkCTass<iK^ and 



BiNng lit l)]o J«m?ti(in of our* orUie tnairj frftde-roiiies IVum 
ATazaiiJar^u and ^Vatralod to Stinhiud nnd Damf^Uan, and a 
ntnU' mnrli iiHi^l )iy pilgrJiitA Immu] Ui Muslclitul, tlie siiTinu 1% 
vmicd yoQrIy Ij- lai^ nutalcrs of trar^Ilere. wbc UflUftlly ^1t 
a day tu haihr lu the Blr«ain and pay their rcspeoU to tlic local 
idol, ft mark wbiL^h tlu*C" who art- so iin.']iin>d Mkvft is the im* 
preaaion of tli*- foot of AH ; tliu foot-prinl ba? bc^n ycry ucAtiy 
caiTod out of ft bWlc of fitfuti^ iinJ is |jrotectL'd by a v^oodvTi 
raiLiojf from too dust* uti insf>eL'Uo]i, 

The» villfigo of A&t^im, though wfti^reil riuly l>v tlie salt- 
Ktr'iiiD, bfle fine garden^ 1rec8« aui eoru-fioM^; U is boOQti- 
fully Hitualed m u green baain, &but id oo tbree ftidea, bj^ barrea 
pr<>oipit>nH Iu>tg1jte. 

X^itL Suwur, 23i /M^/cfl. — There bein^ still pomp days to apare 
before the depitrlnre of the convoy to M.stz\?iM\n, 1 dpt^rminM (o 
march with a ii^'bi oamp orcr tbe HliiLtnabGrbur Wii^^ ivpuUd 
jiuine lo bfr tbe aiioJeiil C^LSj^tw Fyla*, into Ma,£tiiularaa, and 

icik to Shnhrood by the icnin road from the fle«, ovor tho 

ifii'li^Llvait FflA^ a ae(4Jiir gii^iuf,^ t^o additioaal marches aiid 
enabling mo to eee tb^ pfl8«4?s on the direct road I'rom tho BOA 
to the fkinn of IVmia, 

Leaving Clia^iiiBii-i-Ali, the route follows the wiudin;^ of a 
jjrocn, fcrlib: vnlloy.with fiao crops of ivbcat and barfly, to 
the vill^jje of Chnrdeh, or tin; '*Fijiir Vilhigei*;' Th<- tirel of 
1L<^e(^r Kciatch, is prettily situated between two white chalk 
npurs nm th(i mhiiIi plop; of tlio mountalnH, Tl^o rtTmainiu;^ 
two (one ftittiaU'd higher, havinc; b««n abandoned tfincv tlie 
ftuniae) lio at the cxtieme head of tlie valk')', baried in \l&ase 
oroliardd jind groves of tiill popUrs: overhang by iho two 
rugged peaks of the Shah Kiih UnriL'f\ known a* liie 11a*h 
Ziudnn; tfiny pffisuut l.iir n^t^t p^ri^rt picture of n Itonrishing 
Almne viliago. Tha ihrdG villages contain jibuiit -iUU houacis 
ana faniiah a contingent of !^t)0 men to the Dam^^lian Itf^imont. 
There arc ^ fow moai^ues and a balh, and a public bakory, « 
great economuer of time, for carli ponmnt la not, aa in Ifidia. 
caDiiloyed for hours in bakini; hU o^n broad. Sittiatcd as tho 
Tillage is on one of the rtinin trade-rotitcSr large nitmbciv of 
mules are kept, and chti readily be obtained by travellers al 
ehort noticc- 

Fioui Chur<]M]i tlie niail rises over easy JilDues to a pa^ 
known ae tho Sar-i^nnlaln, thoncc over wide, groon plateauXi 
jiTid through a nhiirt ilrfilc to the Tun^*i>SliaiDsherb]ir, a nirions 
natural passage between two perpeudicular ttrata of li[n<^onc, 
n« i<nkOotb as a nail, and of 20 to 30 feet in height, 'llie mifter 
fetrata between aiid on eacJi side of the limestcmeliavo appareotly 
been worn away by the action of weather. The pMSfigc la JOL) 




jVoCr* CM t/m A'lUftni Jibm 7V<ic/, 



W}?, villi mi fti^rngc niilOi u( ubntit 18 Ji^et. A ItUlfr 

LTn arui lilt? pftih finds an c^xit ttiroUf^Vi a natural gaD, 14 

[ett wile, mid umrly raocting OTcrbcad. There can fc little 

ibt tiitit X\i'\H in i1l<< [tfiN4 IcTiHWii Ati thr* Un^pijin (jAt^Si, nr 
[CWpiAn Slnrails- The riotilc below ehorlly widcna out nnd tho 
road iui[irii>eji. At iki<- iii<if nf ihf lil^pr ih liib ^rt'fM ^tim of 
Bnwoo^ with tlie oroliardB uud pc»plar-|*;ri>ve6 of a -unee flourif^- 
ihk nlln^ oftliat Datnc opening on to tlio S^wur pjututv* — a 
wi3e, marshy plwin, enelos&d by luoimtaius cUd mm foreata of 
Utak and cluj (''Na^tAnd "), In every lotcmt glon won aeUaislit 
lin*? miLrkin^ an oM vviitfr-i.'lijuim'I^ iiud tJu^ Urrriiw^l fitUU Uiy 
nlaiidaDcd* i WAS iufgnuod lliat thoro woro in former dxiya 
ti1lB^;ca iu the "Buliik " tif SuAtjr, ^liirh Uel-< i»ivr imlv 
FBOvdn. Tlw caupo o'[ tliU dopoptiktUn, my iuformuut could 
iKit tell mdi It waii, ] think, on hia loiigue to «ay luiagoiem^' 
inc'n1,-^4lie unuul cr)* ; but. boiug a *'Ki>l kUuda," or btiiidmaii, 
antl not ktiuwiu^ my n^latiiine with the povicra, prudcnco die- 
lat'-d flili.tii"*' ii}i lh«!. *euri'- Durrnufift ol' raitirall wnji only half 
odmittf^d. Lii-^t iTiutcx'5 duowfall -s^J iftn^urublo for tho crops m 
the ]u\\ Uiidri, Mas too sevc^re to pleado tlie farmera jd tbeao 
Iiif^'livr tnicta. 

\m iiwl 17^/^— !Iulte<l Jit Sdvon 

IS/A, To As^ y^ifza, J54 wA^irt. — Movod v.vmp fo A«p Xtna, 
a piu»tur^gTonnd vrilJi a little cultivation, c^ tlic baakn of a 
stfeam of ihat name, and on tke maiD camvan-t\>iite between 
the «ea and ^hnhnuL 

l^ih. Half. — A^^?fIllled the jH'ak koovru &i Jehan Niiiiuili, or 
"* World tibcwer/' !?l^00 I'oet, the lii^hc^ point bctwoon tlin rid|^* 
of Shall KuIl Olid Ki^^^miT, fjir awny to tliv uu#l, tljr- lii^h(!^ 
pciiit of tiio ran^e °^vo Doroavend. From the summit, vrh^n 
turned, the niAin rbaift was visible ; to tlio ^tcst, the lofty forest' 
clad ridgts itno^iug out oiidlesa buttrt-aA^Uko apuitt tou'arda the 
coast; to the north, the eoa^^t of th? Caspian and the silver liuo 
cf ill© River Gurgan. Thf* mfwt** Wding to Sliidirud ap|M"areJ 
liko doep ditt'bc^ in a level trrocn field, eo wide and Hat aro 
the plateaux aliovo and xkii tii^g ihrm. The rooautjuu ilvilf 
is fomod eutiroly of sandstone and linkeitone, without a traeo 
of volcanic lock. The slopes aro clothed mih a thick foicst of 
calc. The brancb?^ of crvtry troo aud buidj on tht ridj^e in* 
clined to the south, allowing the direction cf the prov-aijicg 
iriDcl, wliidi, hi-iirinf^ with it <h>nw rloiidH of viipi'iir Prom i}w 
4ea, koe|»Ef the tiurtbvrn lactj of th^ niounUim^ h<itUcd iu 
iDoisturt<. 

2U;A. To Shahrud, itIJ JwVfA— Mart-hod to -Shahnid. l^om 
tlict A.-<j> K4:£ii the mut(? to 8]ijdLnid» following ttp the ruurnn 
of tho fitieam> paaecs into a narrow doAle, kuo^^A ai tha Taug-i- 



I 



M 



72 



NaFIEB'j Diarjfvfa Twr in Kftorassaru <Tni' 



Lnillaii, oTerliiiDg by sttipeuc^uTia walls of Jimi^ftonc roch> The; 
ytmlu, i'vcrywhi-n? vwilr-nlly o<>nlorti*<l iiiul in inuny |i>irtit wt* 
tit-Al, have their cxjxjfled ncfg:eft worn iulo the mort finntaitic 

TluxiEih pn wntinf: no gn^dt ciiftioiilliw to tIi'*p(LWtfip^ of _£fUM 

ami ra.i'U> nui^li h 'ViUe ouijld ikiI l>e iiUftiipled try rtiiy f>rcc Dot 
etrorg rnmif li tr> hold the lull-tops on either eide. Cl^riii^ 
tlio ti«file the IiiUs rfi:ede sliglillT, und the road i>>nlmuce u^i 
etreAm, pBaaiDe occusioDal stnall patcb^fl of whtHt nnd liarU-y, 
to tbc ftKitoflbe t^lmli Kiih It^mL't', where in a dwp hollonr lios 
the village of S1ia]i1<iih]iafLi. Around lht> Me« ol lb(^bi>1]ow 
tiTf* tfiraoed wlrnt-JiHds, cxlendic^ fnr up tho mnuntiiin-flli^p**. 
Tlir vdlttge Ijjis 40 lumstw, und JirnpTft siipnlies for u munll 
parly- The villftg^ ol M^hahkah Bala, lyin^ aix>ni two tnilei tr* 
ibiT north on il ^nr bos CO hoiisr^A nijd ji grriat cxti^nt of good 
hind. It is ^uppo^edtobB the highest inhabited point in Persia, 
and is piobabty 7800 to 6000 feet, Bo(b villous lie nndcr th« 
ihiwlcnv of the higli ridge, ljr*nriug ih*" ItH'iil nauii- of t4hahkiili- 
Gboluhan. Tbia ndgi>f Heuh^ at Cba«bieh-i-Ali and attaining a 
hpiffhi nf 13,000 to 14»[)00 fett^ nins nbrmt dnr nifi nud Wrttf, 
iiivJ falla tiway into the pluia of Slialirud ; unlike tao^i of tiio 
bi^buat poiiils of the laugo, it bna t\ sharp seiiati'd ri^lgep 
with a ulioer faoe l^> the ndrth, i;i tlie hiiUown uf whioh ]>rg» 
beds oi suow lie all through the mimmer — ao tinfortunato 

firoxitnity for (he people of Sh/ihktib, who huvi* to k«ip the 
Sowrnor of Astrdbad Bopplied ivitli it iil thu ral<^ i-f throtT loivia 
pi^r bonse jwr month: of This they ci>mjdained 1i»i]dly. At 
fehnbliiih Bulrtthoro nns unid In hr nramrt of ooji!, iKvcr woiktd. 
The hiwfr ^pura of Sliah Kub aru r^Jiiipmed (jIiuuhL eutirely of 
clay, f^hfllk, aud ^'nnglompraie, 

'liet. Tar^t (Ttiahy — Fi'om ^bnh Kiili, descending again to the 
stT^m and followicjr jt for a few miles, the dJeflle narrows, and 
ia ftt one point cii<"lo»od by hills of pure wbite chftllc, cl*r> 
aiirl mtntL The fture rjf thi< rrpurM weih rnneh :\t}i-|i \^j wetUhtr 
and their formatiOE exposoJ, Tlio thii-kncBs, alrik*', and dip fjf 
KMc-i-riuivn tHtnilii doivn to tin* 1r\'id i>f ibc Vfilh*y mfjiht In? nr* 
ciivately measiiretl- These eeania of ccjal aud ooal iiiiied with 
clfty were vi*:hifr tit rnrimis elevations. One bed of blue clay, 
cut awAy hy the streamn showed a iteftm of ffood lh>eiI wldi^i 
might bo worked from the warfare. The p»^p^ of Sliah Kuli 
Mpp*a,T not to krmw tiie iiws i>f t,h<i mirurnf, luwl hjul ne^*<*r 
^^orked it ; but I found that at Tush, >i \hw mile* off (IQ or 12). 
ther<^ wu* n nihu' A^liurh hiid been wurkt^l for some time, ibe 
eoal b<*iii;f earried lu Gfiz v> supply the Riirwinn Mcamor** Tlitr 
working of the mine had L^eaued \vitb ibt* demand, Hif- itt'fiiuer 
being xupplu d from *.>inp nrnr^r nourof, or iiein^ -' Baku oil''* 



ScJ*^ 09 M^ Rjjtrrn Aif/trr^ Trad, 



rlnAenm)* FvHovin^ this Mreain to tin h*^t\, the rood croAM 
Chnk'talyao PiL^ 861JO ftiiH^ ov^nm I Wiitvd <vptn *piit of 
Shhh ivuli, ijiid <lo4L^eiidA a stieam \t\iy\^ 11 a& ike GimJub iihctre^ 
anrl til" Ali-i-Tus]j lower ilonn, tn tl»'" i"nr*Jmti of tho mnin ro^wi 
ftud tolcgfiipli-liiiL* t(>AfllmbuU, where is ji ^ikxI oairn-iDj^-cround 
hfilfn mill* fmiii tlie villjign of Tiuih. Thp rilUgit of Tash, » 
mm' hftmlet of 'lO kdimos '■■^'^ ^Ml^ i^p ^>ii tlic TiiountAii). Tho 
piMplf} s^ere rL»nii^ily Mi1ijei:L t<i utiithUnt imniremuH of tlie Tur- 
KomunK ; btit ff>r now tliirtv ywiTs hnvo boi»n at poikco- 

22nd. Tv &7t«/j?W. l!)i"mr7rtf."-Mrtr<;U«d dtmu tho -Wile iff 
th^ At>-j-1Wi, tbo bills oprnmg ami p;ettinf^ more barren at 
pvery Bt-*rx Al about fl intic* Iho dofilc opctw on to ft wi.lc pinin 
eiioloaed by tuouutaius ulterly barren uitd d4'hlLtul(< 'j£ vogetii- 
tior, Travorsifig this plnm, which is vpilhoiit villages and 
sAvtx^L wjUit (tJm Al>i*Tiwli Iwiug nniderr<l Imn^ki^li W n rribii/- 
tary fri>m the south), tlie rood eot^ra Uie ^haJirna BoBtAlo 
Pliun wliirh **xtondfl *?ftj«tivftrd* to tlie dr*crt> ftiinv^ly btiokim Ijv 
the IflAt utkdrilutiona of tho Alburx There are iDbny Lar^e %'iU 
]n^» on tbc plain, all ivalKd and AUrroniidcd with watch-to wors* 
bat tbfr fltatu of tljcc^? i1^f<^r[(^e« nhovm ihcil tbfT iuh-U for Ibf-m 
llB9 poned. It IB now cli-^ven years ^ince a Turkoman ha^ beou 
■0«n im the pliin siivf^ in tli<« giii»>i of n [iiwr^fnl trrd(<r. Turn* 
iii|> south fron: Bnstam thn n>ad puMUM betwi^^n I^vr rooky liilk 
to 8halkmd^ wbii-h Ilea oi\ the bUl-akirt lutbeilded in gardeuai 
grovt% and \itn>viirde. Tlio town of about 80U hoiwes is i^n- 
closed by a wt^ak wjJI, witbotil Ic^t^ra or fljinkiDg defeue<>. The 
h<tiit in t<»nt« wna sreat, but far more beamble thnn a djiulnr 
UiUT>enLturn m India. 

Zird. Sfut/iru^l—UtiiU^ ai Slmhrml- [The serlion of the 
(intlior'fl route from Shahrud tt> Matb-hiid, JiuTjng oftcu born 
Jujirriht^l bi^furt*, lh ctmittjiil.} 

S'pK^nhgr 2 Uf A, —Obtained the necOTsary order for g^wrdig 
to ftoi'bmpany mc to KdTat, a dlrtriiit in %ho mi^nnlAuiB north 
of iMaah'bad, The Kban uf Ku.1ut-i-nadiri is the medinm of 
communication between the Khorassau GotctTinicnt Uind tlio 
Tiirt^oTfinnii of Sli'tv, 

27;A, KardeA, 21 ntjto.— Left Maab-had for Kalet-i-nadin al 
1 IM. ami, traveming the vallpy of Miwh*h*uJ in » ntirthrrly direi> 
tioTi, i*TOf«.d the* Kash^fcf Rnd by ii ffofid brid)ii;o known ajs the Put- 
i-^Iiah- Tlie ICaHbaf Uiid ur Abi Sziab-liad flowA from the Cha^ 
mtah'i-G^lfr^r a »ni&U Ink^ near Choniinin, and ^oUreting the 
dminago of (lip Mjwh'luiJ VnUi?y i«*B*rti» out i^ost Ly the gorae 
known as Akderbaad to the Pul-i-K haUim whpn* a joiin* tVuT 
Ab-i»ilcr&t- Jfclow Moah-hnd the watrr bci-omc* Irutkbh from 
the <»ntTibiitionK of noma nihuII tributaries drainiitg the lowor 
spurs of the Khelat range. The PiU-i-Sbah is wide aud bolidlj 



4 

4 



74 NAPiKu'if Diary ej* a 7W in KhoroAfan^ and 

built, and looks quita out of proportion to tho inngnilinktil 
Atroiiitj it KjmTid- 'I'hfl >tmmriiKjf n*r»,m urt*, or Uave ljb't*p, for 
the niost port ttell t>riilip^i but tiie same appotcnl disproportion 
iii'tm^'n iIki M-n|j7r-\TiLy ftllowi^d hjicI th^r riki^ ikf llii? KtmiiiiH Ik 
oTeryxvlioru oliMcn^ublc. TUo Pi^rftmiw like the SpaaianU {affer 
tho old *' IVuiuauJtt '' joke) appear lo have toJd their wntcr to 
pay for llir britlgca. But iu both eountrie* (bo oc-ci^siiiy for 
tlie pt-ecatitioii 10 obvioua. Uoih aio for the most purt treolcw^ 
with Ktrrip ulrppfl nnd a EpitninotUr' minrnll, iind uro thf ncu linblc 
to very tfuJiIcn mict viulcut lluixlti. 

From \\\ii KM8Jiaf Unci the ground izruduaUy riHst? for 12 or 
14 iti\\m to tbo foot of tbo hilU, iLtid tJic routo, Jollovrinf; up a 
ftuiidl ttlr^aui, [lu^Hca tUu vuU»y of Italix^j and Aiidaritklt and 
«Dten A aatruw gorge known ae th* Darband-i-Kurtli^b. Th<' 
gor^ is abut in by ix higJi luoiiutain fiirmc^l of immeiise tabular 
tnawes of cneUzuorphic rook of a compact cry^taibne t^itiirt* of 
dark^erey colour with many vein* of f]iiart3. On entering the 
hilL* till? oLittir Mlo|wa b,™ net^n to hd Ibnntid of congloint'i-al^, 
^veatbored down to easy alopce. Undor this is a atratum uf elato ; 
fiirlliF;r on, thi? spuTHiirt^rrownfvl uitb ri'^ularhiyerfi of slmUlitHl 
roek, diiUched inaaaea of ^vbiub oo^or thd «lupes axid are piled 
up at their foot. Theso woro for tlie mo^t ]>Qrt a hard liiDcatouo 
formed of a maMM of kihelU Jiud li foiisil i^jubstanof^ anparenUy 
bbick coral, Tbe ahellft weie of vtuioiu fonn?<, but I observo no 
niiraiuulilitft, Tlitt irKHjimcuphii' rof.'Ic^ would nppenr lo havt* 
boon forced by j^me couvuImoii of u^^turu through Ui^^^ over- 
lyiDgsli^lar fL^id form a h4;b outer barrier vf iiiaceeAfiibJe dugs 
rising to n hf^ight of I<KJO to 15U0 foot above Uic biU-tfkirt«i 
Aflt-r nWrJng the giii"gt*p the trai.^k ejiltra an i.n*u valley, at tho 
head of which lies tlKi emidl villnfr^ of Kerdeh. I "tv* rtjccivod 
juid bo^pitiibly cntertaini-d by Haliin Khan nf Uholic% tJie o^vn^r 
of twelve villages in this and aljoiniug valleys. The vilhigvA 
are inhabited by Kurds and Tiirkfl, fojiucrly a vrjld Jaw]c« OCt, 
but ijow in better order, Thoy furnish forty bor^meu for the 
pvotootioa of the border. 

'l^th, /Tflr^rA, 28 »f*r7fli.— Left Kard-^h f.iUowing tlio Kanlnh 
Btr«aui 1hroup:h rugged tiirtnoUB dc^dl^ to a glen m ^vliich it 
riaen fimniig the npiint of a high rocky rauge, Iho luaiu chain of 
this braaou of AlJ>nrz, The peaks of this ohain prej^ut a most 
picturesque flppearftucc. the strata of a hard grey linjeeloiiO aro 
for the iiuittl part on tMlge. and me \w clmrp jogged toC'th to a 
htighl of UOOaor 700Q foot, or lUOO U 5UU feet above the generd 
level of tUij mountum. Vegetation is vei-y Boaut, the ouly Iroo 
gro^viu;]? wild i^ a oypro^s or juoiptfr [Jan^ftrHi *XGCcl»*>) comraon 
to ail pattfl of (he Alburz tiiut jin- [«:-joud ihc iwmdi of ibe inoiML 
brvozcs of tho Cnvpian. With s. etuiued scanty gro^irth tliia tr«e 



iMsliv &t ihc Edticm Atburr Th4ch 



lias a form of colour exactly tDil^xl to llio barren roolo on wliick 
it gron8> The gu^rJed aod twisted tiunk &ud jfr«y apnMdicig 
Tirmii^lieA diti^inff Ui th« fiwe of a Mpiir dift'oron^vnlnf; u nxrkj^ 
I'iauaclo giv^ G, fiuUhiuic touch to i\n: wild and Uottoluto picluro 
pnfii'ntccl liy ihn higher ^Ittiis of Alhiirz, 1hi^ bare dn* sKeleton 
of a moimtam mn^o. Buyiiud thr^ utaaAi tiamlot of 4u), 7 or 
Q milce Iroui Kaidt^b, 1.111 u i-liuni^t* bltii;k of ci^'AtiiltiQe lliUL'Hloue, 
UlU'U frcim an ovorhiLTi^Lt]^ clifT, is nn JTincription in Ambic ft&U 
IVrsiunj dutiti^ fn^m tlic yc^ar iii'H of tlic llcjira and rcoording a 
virbiry of Mohatnjid Shaibani, Ibe Uflb^g Ci.uquenjr of Bot- 
buro, ovtT the uuboHcvcn who^ v^c m^y prc««ai€ to 1m the 

On a f^^qiod rcK-k cloeinp in ttio ^aIIoy in fn:flit aro Ibrr ruins of 
ail M /iirt- Follinvmg«iirft*irnibr4ini'fi tit' iIji; vulloj^ lu ivbii^h 
the Kardeh stream iitii^« tUv rt^ulo cro«ee« the ccntrul rid^i? by 
An exceedingly ^tot^p aud biid patli, Uind (irops at once iato the 
glen of WftSt'U vvbitb dntiiw to tlio Tutkonmu pljun. In lUe 
centre of the gloo, aorrouiided by a few |K»or-looking wheat- 
iiidiln, is the harnlet of tw4mtv [uuHtr-si. Tlie {people ntt> Tiirlo*, 
and livt^bv ^ruztu^ lurf:o Qucfc^ vi Hhcep and gobts; for Ihoir 
fIcMs pnxluce hI. aII tiDje^ light crmps itnduft^n nolhtii^- tShut 
ia by bijcii n^Diintiun« except to thn north-oust, with nn olova- 
tioii of 7000 fcr^t.. und a. iimir ntoiiy huj]^ Jl itt suTpnaht^ thnl u.iiy 
|>opiilation eliould bo aol" to nib^ist, bnt ihf* Kalal vaH»"y», 
thoAc OD tko north and higher rfirt of the nui^^, are jwid Fo 
haT# ft population of SW or 10,000, and have in former timesf 
txixc*L tto whole power* of the moirt poweri'tiJ ruler of Khoruinifin 
li> subdue ihi^iH. 

Wth. Ksdrit, 22\ mii6». — From Wiirdoii to KaJat is a dlKtiinao 
arnhiiiit 22 nu\tv. Thi* tntck^n gtwil liridlis-iiaUi, limUrnr Homt; 
miloe Eji.E. ov^r low iiiidutatiu<; hills of colourad days and 
abates with a fair coToring of horbage fit for povtur^, and tbcn 
dcMN^dt north down a uurrow glcu, ni^^ aiid ^vild^ and pic- 
turc<4i^ue bcvoitd dcacription. (Jn on9«idcstoop«lopcdof ptirplo, 
grvcn, and Iirdlijitilly n^l .-Uy nnd miirle, with bigh projecting 
buttreoaod of saudHlouo. eojmfily olothc^d with fin*? ^pocimeas 
of juniper; oji the otljGr, pr^aks undriragsof elat^hudliintMrtonciit 
the nlnkta in^hur^l nnd sondinj; ont into th^ gl(*ii ttocp ^puiar 
preHenliii;; oiien an nuUrokeu n\nxt of rm.^k fut 1000 Tl^uI, with a 
itlinrp odgo and dis:inet DermtHx) Qiitlinr. iK'^i^ ttuclct'jt^ of (bo 
**'Arr'ish, or ljatbf-rrr. with iniUAon kdvirsand berriee. linod the 
vol«r-conrsei FollowiDir th^ stream along a rongb boiitdor- 
rtrcwn pah lor -^ or il mdcs to iti junclinn with a hne »trcnin 
tlovt'iug from the weirl, 11 nurrow pu^ ^ivin^ [maruge tlirough 
Xhc liret rot'ky bairicT of ivaiat, is cntovcd* Jn places there is 
^mrrfd^ rix>in for iimrf^ tbiui onr? hutvr to pu^ und the track 1% 



76 



X^flcb'< J)iartf c/a Taitr in KJtara*iaM, anJ 



I'^rricd from bo»ld«r to boulder in (b<» bed of the* ittr**(mi ju*nw* 
very ffuil elmky-lcH>kiTig tcoiparftry bridees*. CleariHC the pasa 
All nppn, hiini'TijAiid c]i^«i.itati>l'n>kiiip valley i« rrai'hi-it, boiinilrd 
on tfic ocirtli by the tfoutli iH>rtion oi thn iiatuml buucdiiif^-wutl 
ofKelut, — a iidgt<»f niok, riinrLui^' lu'^rlv ^n^l mv*^ ^t-hl in n 
UrsLitfbt lir^e mta imbrnk^n Ic^Vf^L etimmit, IkiIqw nluoh for about 
300 loet b a cftlural .^nrj* d tUrk-brown rof^k, f^tliinf; uvray tt> 
thp l^rpl of the valley in 5t*?ep slopes aivl spnrfi of mndftoiKi* 
ami o.oloimtd mnrU : only our cup wa^ visibUr in tho whole line, 
and Hii^, fUotii^'b a^jparfiiily ]iiu<'^t'?tt<iblt<f had leva earaflillv 
eloKoct up with a etono wall.' ^Skirting tho lino of tho natural 
H^Ihl-U of ihiH ftjttifiraltim fir 4 nr ii niili-H, thi? mad lt?adn iiil"> 
ft narrow defile known as the X)<irband'i-Ar;[hun8lukb, by wbioh 
tbc strn-tim raifui acccM thirm-^b the ixicky bamcrt*> the plateau 
of Kalat- In the oonTre uni uarrowf^aL part of ihe defile fl^new 
gftteway wm being built, in npparcntly puiposclcfrn imitation of 
NOidir'ii gatcB wbiidi hiw Lt l*u wwppl away by sm*i*.^*«*ive floods- 
Nadir's intention in cli^sin^ up tho pipa in tlw rocky bonier ot 
Kc'tat WW* rlf^atlj to muki* it a stum^jliold for bi?" (bftrr nilAntc. 
who mi^'btj with tliis safia rofn-al and tho wuiltii of plundwed 
Pclhi at command, have at least u fit'n Amt la tho Acmmblo tiyc 
pui^ur m Khoramn and Pc'rela, thai lio wull know ^vould etisuo 
on kia deatb. 

Piiwung through tho gateway, I found a giiaM of Ppwian Sir- 
baa dru'kvn up, They wrre, if |)0fidible, more mpgod than tbtir 
coQiiades at M^nk-had, having b<.^t!i] without mjef and without 
payor dolhin^ tor six months. The men looked sickly and 
*oni unt; ibey bavo hojiiy diity^ and the watrr *jf tin? ?<tre»m is 
eaid to be nnwhokecnie. 1 notieod that, in spite of a swiflour- 
rrnt, ih** grmcl t-cd wa« covered lulb a creating of giern wt^, 
by vihioh the \\flli.-r\va* uliffhtlyoolourird; jMjHsibly it may derivi> 
from this some injorious quahtieSn The remains of n covervd 
wiLt^ir-rourie cunslnitttd by Ni*dir an* siil! visible oiiUidft ihc 
Arj^hunsUah gute* ll carried tliu water of a spring;, 6 or mUtm 
djMJiTLt, into trie vllli^e Ar^^huin^halr I,ikeiillotbiTiirbi»( wotkif, 
of which traces remain on the platean, it n-aa built sfJidiy and 
"Well, and iceaut \*j \iviX. Fkhii the gateway the i-oad kd umlur 
the walls i>f a small round fort, shgwiiic a conpltf of fl^nn?, 
through the vUluge of Arghniishuli and down a gi-eea teriilc 
valUiy with a goiid stretrh of rico-cuItivalioD, to tlwf Kbnii'ii 
house in tho village of Gio GuubaK, An old rt.^ siundslono 
tower, tinted witlklialf-eoturmiM uf ihe yaicie ftfoiiv. and hiuid- 
•on>o)y d«corat«d with cnn-in^s in blind arclioe, well exofutt'd, 
btiih by NutHr for bis dtwiiidanbi, hrw lnTcn mjmiitd by tbo 
KhaD, and esntaine his family. 

30CA. £ufai.— The Chief of Ealat came in to-day from tlie 



JAcitf 0R the Eatttm Attmrz Tr(u4. 



77 



Atftt. ^'L«re tit.' ha*} bvt'ii dcUtiiic^l by a flight bnisb wiUi tmue 
'JurkooiiLnB Troiu wliom his men L^d Liken two |>ridoiien ; ate of 
tlit-4Ei waM a Kidat man, wliu biid deserW lo tlie fUiemy and 
0C-rv-od thom ui n guiitc* Hix CiitD vriu vcaT^iI. Thi) Cliiot it ft 
fitio-liJokiiiK "M ntiw, quila hhove the avenit;^ of hia oninlry- 
rneT>, icteUigent, and witb a rar© thir«t for kni>wKidgf- Ha 1jil« 
taught liiniAcIf t(i rtnd Eri^Oitili, French, and i{u»<ian, uud i» 
*Kcee«im;?ly well iTifoTnied ir geogmpby and th*^ hhiory nf )m 
ow'ii and tiio U'^iglibounnE pouutriQd* <iii<l vrcll Lp i& coatcm- 
jkumr^' «v<<iiU ill liidm, Aigli^uiL^tjiiir ami Kliiva, 

0rfo&*r2ji<f, ifo/i^.— Itoda up tin? liilU to Ujo north-we«t of 
Gio (>iujl);iz Ui (srrf tin? niiUB of NudJr's tvdncc:, nui r Jinc view, 
g&id lo be comm&Dded by a biph point oi the turner, A nonxiw 
pott uccikdiog 1200 feetj vrimling up ond nnnuJ 9t'>c^p npui^ 
oompoaed At b«ae of r«d aaitduioue, theu to Ute ^mmit of limi.-* 
StODO, tho lover strata htud, and fibowin^ only miuutc particiei^ 
nf nhrllH, tlu: ii|i|ittr ^Qi^ Ti^'tL m)I1, jiiieI (rifin[H>WHl uliiionL t^Tilircly 
offofflile, "gryiih<ra/" wUli hIicU tho surfaco voa etrewu, led on 
to an opea ciilliTated |ila1<.'Jtu, on whic-b ritxrd tlio Iirarat<i- 
Kudirir Nadir*^ polaco or houao ; for tbe iun& looked mon> lik*' 
those cf a ecclion of a suburban village thao of 6n Ko^teru 
lugtianjb'n pnlkic^o. Tho site wju u'i>U ehoii<.-Dr oud oommandod a 
flue view over hill and plain, 'fbo wLolt; eiU-nt of Ibo natural 
b^rm^r iind i^nrlomir^ of Kalat, V'itfi it;; pUtJ^ii, mrnintALiis, ard 
dot^p prG<-ipiU)Ui( gorges, vttB \igibIoj while to tbt^ north the 
muze-fike raunllcAtioLkfi uf tho lower spura of the chain fall awuv 
into tbe Atok «ind the vast desert of tho 'f«rk<itiinuK, which 
4-3Ltttidjt in uQ uubroken expanse to the horizon. The mliLi 
themsolveaare sm^Urly iinmtcrpgting: they con^Ut of a line 
of rrcton^lar GncIo«tire9» thi^ largest of wbtch, known a^ the 
I>iwuTi Khanfl, is about GO feet square, Tho outer walU of 
alouc and lime, tho Jmicr of brick. There being no BprincBon 
thr plntiuiiJ, mid it U'lng ioipissJblH Us get a sripplv by wHIh, u 
lino of domed * hud boon constniotod in tbo glcu Icaa jif>: down 
fi oin R. hill oil Uio vrr»t dfidi: of tho barrj<;r, and thi* wnti r (tarried 
ty h covered aquodutit across the iindulaliiLg platonn for about 
a njilo ip tho buildinga Only ooc village, wfiicii hn« litorchlly 
HKuji ijii tht ruinii of the pnlnt'tv Ettatiija uii tho plultan. Tht^y 
hav« wtlU, which *re sli^'htiy bracki§lj. and rc^orvoii-fl. Tho 
cultivation \a i?nlir>*]y dnpr'nilfait on niiti, bnt n g'Hxl i-rop U 
gon orally obtained. 

4'A. — l^L-eived vifiiU froto Itaba Birdar, a Tolckeh Turkoman 
of McrVj a mat) of some influtfncfer and the KhEm. Thert) h^a 
ovidftuilr br-eri a iituat i:haiige in the babiU and mode of life of 



4 



* /de tu uri£lii«l^ 



T^ 



Natiese'' Diary f^a T&ur in Kk&Tauan^ and 



the Itferv^e at leaat. T^rge gaii^ens Imre been pTanted. tlir> 
Tfoang tpoos boiag brought from B<iltliuni n*yvr>m llio sleppee in 
wintpr, the only senson it was fouuj tbej conlJ In- ki'pt nlivr. 
In two or thre^ years the* trwe bear abumbntly. The wealthier 
men Iiavo bou&ea and alao tbe strdnger?, n few mnrhmils Irom 
Bolilinni, cifewfromMa&li-baci, an^I some ol Lew. Wine, formerly 
unkiiowD to tLc Turkomnns, hns bccm iTilrod(ic\jd> biil nppcara 
to b*^ *[iaringly ainl inotlefiitely iijii-fi A lurvf* 4|iiiMi!ity of 
bninily c"ii|Ttured from a c(ira>'fln woe ot once con3oiiii»od by tho 
*' IsliHnK " (pn(?sl«)> nnd lh« riit*)ts rmptictl nn tb<? mikI, The 
diiAanco by ^liieL tba M^rv FiattlomeiiTs nre aeparuted from 
tbeir noarest neighbdurs contributc-s largoJy to this work of 
€iviJj>iition, if the change from a nomadic life to u aetiled ono 
jBaj be w> termed, for it cDPUrcs th"^ isolation proflueed by 
TBCent pvenia. The siibmifition of Khiva mid lt4)khHm ba^^ 
«CTcrwl the ties whi^h bound them to the Uabej- dynaotief, 
while immentfo walerlrss 4l<'j(rrt<» etrptcb hrtwpT'D them and llie 
Yomute and Chandar«. Tliey arts thue, ub it wore, driviMi bAck 
on th^m^lTes and aliut in by the desert oo a fertile oaais. vhich 
they hare not inurb lemplntion to leav^. Fcur of KuuiiA 
TO«triot« tbcir wandering tar fi>r |jlundor m the i:lirpcti(*u of the 
Otiu^ nhile thf? Decj^ssity of eoadlintJDg thi^ nilor of Ifprat has 
TcetricVd their operations in tiiat din^ction. Tho I'craiao 
border has beeik and \s still an ojjpti GM to the Turkoman 
nide, and their predatory m^itiets nre tbi^K, to a ccrtoin extent, 
tiieoiirtigt?<l and Keiit alive, but the iufluexice of EVntia bin hctti, 
nevertheless, not iiUcigother uusalntnry. It ie by her that the 
Turkomans hare tiiBt beirn induced to si^tlo at all and to attftch 
ihem^elves to thf* land- It hRa nlways been the policy of the 
U'sl of the nilci-s of Khonissnn (ihe jVaaf-JDowlah and tho 
Hinnnm-3-SulUiuuli have ilotjii intire thajt olht^ns) to ein'mtraefi 
any such inclination, by ^rantiiif^ lands iind concilia tin;; tho 
Chiofs with prtaentH; thuugli none of the settloiuentji phintod 
at Tiirioufl times in the Alak and the Sarakhs Plain hare bedn 
maintained Jong, thcro can be no doubt their good inilucnco is 
not tout, unci that the pi-esent crLange** tuktnu^ plueii at Men- 
may bo directly traced to the example thus set, the new aaptra- 
linn* [imuwU, ami Ujf now wauts (ireoled- T gathrrv^d idwi mmi 
my Tisitors that there vaa an improvement in the mural tone of 
public opinion in tKo "ohola." Hobb^iy and murder are not 
altogether BO respectable occupationa m they weruj tlui prin- 
cipal men of th? tribes ncTcr or rarely join a plundering ezpedi- 
lioQ pure and ainiple. A)?;nitLSt nn enemy ttiry, of otirst^, all 
combme; but it is now admitted, aa it never was before. tJiol 
plundrr iH contrary to their rellgioo iinil to morality. Tbrrc 
arc fourteen or fifttieu letideis (duzabadiia), men of no influence^ 





wore ifLKoii lu uauj ann c: 

CiL To Witmvh. — Mnrcbtid to Wju-dcJx by tho route aJieody 
doMiibed. 

7tfi, — HfJtocI At Wftrdoh dhd asootidod tho K&ra<lftgh MoiiD- 
taitu tilt-* last liigh pebk of the great caatoni bmncU of AlbiiTs. 
Thf) Hiirimit of th« p^ak bus an elevation of 7870 feel, and 
rnwitis II tino riew of tho plftiit of SttjcmJ, and of th'ii castoro 
Litli^atiouff of tie cliuiTi a» fnr neurly as tlio Hemt Bivnr oa 
tho ono band, aa^l of H&eh-bacl on thu ether. Sctow latoly fallen 
vas \yiiig oil tlie niOEiiitauuc juhI oh all tl^r liiglif-xt [xniilK oH tho 
ran^e. The Atak and tb& desert wors spread riut lil<e a map 
7000 fcrt IwiK^w, Earh bend of tli'? ntjmrrouR *TDall stroAms 
flowJDg into tb^ Atak, and the bolls of t^ultivjition fullowiug 
tbcir ccurecs for nmny miloa tbrougli tic <am!y plains, were 
viaibl&f aiid V.AA a Uili? uf iiici'eiiuei.l m-curity from Im^iikt 
visitatior]?. 

8ih, 'My aad lOtb.— Botnnietl to Mub-hmt b/ « route alrt-ndy 
doacribed* 

l&k atid llih. — Applied lo the Gorcrnor for &d order U» [he 
Chltffof BuJDtird, din^cting Uiiu lo glvu tue u auHkioDi guard 
to enable roe lo reach Astrabad by tbo ahorteat roub?, vib,. 
tutniM tbo (riirgjin Plfiin, mid, tiA I lind niLtiri|wtei> found aH 
kiudi of objoationii oiid diffiooltiea raisod. An ordor directing 
the Cbief to give n^e a cuani by tliat rout?, if it ivBre eafe, wart 
O0crod» but woA obvioiiuV of no ns^. A» u rcfLjroauc to IViborfta 
vra\dd hate involved a delay of Iwmly or tvronty-flTe days, and 
J wa9 noi fun> to what extent Mr. TLr>m»on wr>md bo |>T«?parad 
to Bunport lat in rec^uirin^ sofi.* <x)nduct by tbtit routr^, I decidt^ 
that It woinld be inwlvifiablo lo wFiit, and dftj^rm Ined to go to 
Bnjmird atkd trnil to obtiLtning a giuird from tho "EoJkhnnco*' 
if |jitH>iib]t^. 

21*^ Afash-had to Ka^ij/tnba/i, Vd j)i/it*i.^Mairhed j>t 1 P,M, 
for Ku/imnbod ; li^uvini^ th« Bjtlakbvabuu Gate uorth-wtfet at 
5 miles, passed tbe camvai^ serai unii fort of Habmbad. The 
faeary rain of tbe last two dnys had tigne little to injure tho 
roiuL Thv eouctry also showed Utile wnter» and inhere it wiia 
tauch iutcreoctcd by kanate tho enrfaoc woa nbaoltrtdy diy. 
1*he tnnnf «l.rkin^ fi-atiim of jl pBrsmn luiiJsi!inie, the f-JUitriiHt 
botvootj tho vcnlnre and fertility of the cultivated ground, and 
tbe cxii^mo liarrenne«i of tbo nntillcd groujid iin^und tbo cul- 
tivation 11^, lo iL gr<fat extotit, tbonf^b the oause U not at a 
<Uttance A|>paTent, due to tbcw ^luknata" ^bich thoroughly 
dfdooatQ all the grouud nlong^ their coun^x, and, eoiivurging 



Napibk'^ Zhttty ej a 'lour in Khorassatt, and 



towtirtU the villnpro ATcn, ilrlivor tlio fiCK^n mutated m^iUturd o 
ihi- purtumi'lmt; tnii^U inUt om; cpulriil oasip, u mngio citrJe 
of fertility. The conrft*?« of ihirU' or forty kiumts, mark^ by 
littl? tnotnidn fnrmcil of vnrth iVom tbe wcllfi aiid gaUery, Btaj 
be ceen ludmlirg irom the lands of oni? viUage* and each of 
thcM will give en nvr^ragr raminium liiscbar^ oi VJO cubic foot 
tic wattir ^t a rough inltiilittioji) ^a^t luiimU-. Their €«nt, 
Allowing ftn avcrnp? Icnf^h of 2i mili?«. And taking the usual 
OilciiUt.iou of 10 lomannor mpr_'r-i40. as thi^cunt of tnit? \irJl, nn4 
)@ii^;lb of abaft of JO fi?pt dppth iind 60 feet len^h Teepectiirely, 
will Amount to 2<J00 riijir<'j. Thi,-* t,*, however, ftiiy tlio tiivt 
coat. The carB and labour inquired to keep in woruing order 
ftuch a length of tunucl running through « light porotu eoil 
nifty \ic eRsity imagined. U Id nfti^ii tii^Ltnsiir)' to Mi^pjHirt Ihn 
tOEinel, tMs being efTecteil verv ingeniously by ehoH lenffths of 
mwnroriipi^ shaped iti iw*. moat iippi'ot'ed luAhion. The 
\& of thf> ve]U are ako often lin^ and <rov^ed. I bad 
16 Opportunity <n roitir of vat<hing tlio pr[>ce^ of dealing 

'BOOto of these waten'onrses, this bi^iiijj iilituyfl Junu t-arofnlly 
after benvy rain. One elip and obstruction of tiio vratf^rway 
nlV^^n, I v/OA lolfl, L'uuBJn^ the ubiuiJojtinc^nt of a whnh^ Viuti of 
lutual, the water rising behind the slip bursting iha blmfl jin<l 
destroying the W&U& 

Knaimahod is n Fmall Tillaffe of now fifteen honses ; Wore 
tht^ lumiiio it numbered tliirty-tiTe, and befbro the eaega of 
iVIaKJi^Lad it vtas n coneidprnbte iiluce, 

22nd, K^Kit/mittid ta Grttmbiid^ 11 mikv. — SlorchiHi fo Gnn- 
Abad, vintiiig en rtttdK the riiiiiH of Ttia. From Kazituabatl 
tlic mini lie 4 or l^ miled due north. The rojul or track 
rrowed an undulating cultivattid irat-t, sloping ^t^uUy down tii 
the Ka^hif road, wliilo it p*issea by n go<>d stone bridge of the 

rjDMuikl MfLdli^bnckcd conalrudton. Embankment Ami abufmrnt 

\^t9 iaTod at the eJTpetiSG of (X>nvpnience, and two »teep i-aiupa, 
paved with round bonld-^ra, form a serious impctliuiE^t to trftffiOj 

'^mffiaUy in wet wentlier. 

ThorcT i« littlo of interest citJier in tbo ruins or history of tho 
«ty of Tdn. TUf liiwl YiB* nf lIiii niiiH frum thr riHinggmnnd 
80Uth of tho ittr<»Fim was idrikmgf but the effect was duo oliieflv 

jto Ifindioapc and sky. A long sweep of Iwimiiip ycliow nplaud, 
Ising ftom ikt\ etre^m, ctretcbed away for niany mih^u, and nn^t 
tho dark, ]oworiog cloudjs that entirely hid the northern mciiin- 
tain (^httiu firom Hghl. In (be fure^ruuml the stream rolh'd, 
awollen and tiirbid, under the quaint, hi^h-backed brid^^, 
while th« long line of wall, and tIh.t mmpHrt of tliu old fori, 
or '"flrk," and the ^rreat o^ntral building, tbo KaUara Khan, or 
watch-towar, atood out in strong iclief against a dark bock- 



J 



^'tUcs «R tM f-Jtuf£fa Aliforx 'JascV, 



«i 



groitnd of ^turai^ " p1ot;|-h." Un<I&r otbor conditiona of 
woutl»^r, tilts fir*t impulfc woiiM Imvc bc^cn to turn tmiiy ^imy- 
[hjinti^d; but tliere win imutlrj^<-l[oii iiiltjii'liurnKJiiy uftlit^OdaoW 
liun iibovo fttirJ aroUDid. I'ho iiiiii»i uro fhoao of a citv lutilt ntry 
thurtlv aflnr tli» Arab nuiijiicht i>f Kliorjuuuiti. TJi'*y Huswer 
(exactly lo the dosenptioiLe l4 the ruiudd cities of Seiaun, with 
llir uimc arclicd rooLs tlu) wxw briclu, tUc tfaoic higb lampurto 
&ud deep ditchea. 

i'hcr^ \s DotJiing indicatiiig ftii origin prior lo MahomodJin- 
iKia, ihuiigli thr^ Siusuuiiuii ci>iiLi^ otTen?(I for hiiIo iu Ar&»U>had are 
GAJd to be foutid horo, 

I wiiw inrtiiEiHti' enoiigli to Wir on tlic i*pot tlic correct liigcail 
i«p^nliu;* thu dc;icrtion of Tiiri, t]jou;;Ue*Jveral tiinea dov&at^ted 
W tlic liordee of TuraD, Tua vrnA alilt a duo city wLcq the 
Calrph MaiavLu hima^lf struck a dcatli-blow to iU exbt^uco. 
The Qupleea lumm Kezo, poisoned by his order, woa biinod in 
H hffpibit* gMVo noLiT the vilLtg^'H of Novvglinci juul SiihujiLiu], 
12 miki9*oatU ijf thudtv; bifl&jdy wa*tLiown;uto ft "aariali," 
vT nLy*.Tvoir, wldcli whu Ifuilt up. Wving a small arcliefl ri.>oiu 
atf a shc'lt^r for |uissii]^ triivoUiirii. For luauy yuani tho ^mvo 
remaioeil uiiiiut[U<d and uuc^rinl fur, and tni^Lt hur^ eo re< 
tu&inud to tbiftday tut iot an nooideiit. In wliiob my infiirmmit 
pkiuly MM llie fingur of Providence. A deer, huuldd by a piirty 
of TiirkoniAlis, look refnpe in t1i9 arcUwray, htuI wh»i pliwf by iliem 
with arrown till their whole vtock waA vxiiaubtod; but, ^trungo 
Ut rdlat«v reiuaJatM] nubiirt, tvhlle the arrows »aiik deep mto the 

Lid litoai^worlc, u viejbla cvidiinoo iif thn minkclo Uiat hjwL boea 
rrou^'hli Tlie fitoiy wtix Dtnrtcd ^broud, aiid tUu ^laXG vieutcil 
bv mainy people from all parte of Khor.w*aTi, The CJovemor of 
T\ti ordered hi« own remni&d to be buried tboro and a tonib to 
bo biiilU From that day the village of ^ttDnabad iiici^ased, 
tho iidubbitanU of Tm moniig €vcr to tho urw ^ettlcmcntt 
pnibidJy finding lUat it wan better tu rtinovH at once lo th« 
«pot (hat faidhion required they should l.>c turiod in. 

An [ll^|lec(ina of Lhe ^te of Tiiti ^o»n \cry pbtJnly, iir^tly, 
tb&t it was of comparatiTely very gmall eitent ; secondly, that 
Jt wa« built to order, and nai not a chance occumalation of 
popuhitiou ; tlo Uuei of thc< oM wulU luarkLiig a nearly perfi-^ot 
rcctaxkgulftT tigure. ^^itU a length cif ^ niilea (ronghiy) anif width 
of umu Tu the exu;-t, L-4.*ntrf* is n lurge tind rvi?ii imiKMiug Wk" 
iuff maiw t>f ruine, Icnown tut thu " Nakarakhnna,' or (Jarm- 
boUBB, conHihtihg of a c^utral iXonm of rot 1^94 iUtxu 60 feet tu 
Ivi^b, with nrrlied wind's ar tjortieoeej prcjecitin^ on Uie fooreidtt. 
The f<>rm of tUo archea and niusuury are distinctly Arab, and» 
though not qniie of the usuul oonsUuctiov, it ia likely that thd 
Inildiu^- was a, Eooeque. Tho naino "^akarakh^na'' Las prt>- 

VUU ILVL G 



u 



XjLPIEB'^ I>iar^ ('/ a 7*>ur in Khoraucn^ end 



I 



}ijms£-1f frotD tlie poHitcon or a jmlty feudal bajon to Ihe Govern- 
tuout of KJiorafisajD, and ev6ii at itidcpeudcuce' With a ^caU^r 

liLiVO nu<'<.'cf^vd in fiojiurjilju^ Kbcm^tiu for <i time from Pereia. ^^ 
Fill flirty ye(U9 be wus a very uiiaulrukiAtive vafieal. Tko po&M;^ 
kioiLH of the tribtt t1i<rii extended U}> tlic viiUtry iLf Iilt u Kuocbau 
and duuu lL> Gunabad, 20 inUea from Koal^liail. 

24(i^ To Rfi^hnn^ ]4 m/7/?B, — Rftfofir leaWng Chinnnxn I rod*' 
rouad tLo vull^, xvliicli were in rut ruinous ustjitcfis the iut<.'rJor4 
A lii'gli. tliin mud \mi11. with oivaHJcnul 1jjvreT>i, u^tH. wen in 
fcrmot tiiDCttt thtj culy df^fi^iico ol tlic UiWMy snriDg ulwny« tlio 
brjivi:) Kurd^f vtbu mimt in trutU Vhw: iiirmt^d iIli» rntupartfl 
tbat baffled U)^ Afglinnv urtd^r Ahmod ^liab, and uitliBto^ 
tbu JittAt^kfl of the oimy uf Futli All ^liiJi for ftmr monttiVt 
4iuabliDg ibeir Chief, Mamesh Khan, in tbo ead to obtain 
good tcirma. 

The rojwl tJi Badkiui Ittsi abtnit tiorib frum Clibmraii foraome^ 
milcB Acvoss a cultiratcd plain, with a tew villages aoottdred 
HVrtr il, und. cltiiriiig UwRr, ovur Hm^ <iprn ixiAtiirivbimr Twt> 
Uiile^ fi'OTti ihe villaf;ed is a Iarj><? lowor of eolid masouty, knowa 
as tbo Med'-Mtadkaii- A similai toucr, nith tbe »aitie uam^^ 
»kLDdi« ii^ur the village of lUdknn, ou ttio road from Shabru^ 
to Cez, on tlic Bay of Aetmbad- it may bo taiHy prtuumod 
lliftt the lowers bave givi'ii tbi^ii iiAint*^ to tb<i villagei^ and 
that *om& cino to their biat^jry may be Iraeud iu tlio numo. 
lUdkar appeal^ to \}v m*ilLor Torki^li nor modern rvrtiiAii; it ^H 
ill probably tic>me obtu]cti> word^ iii<lioutmt; ihc purpow of tito ^^ 
builUtii^^ Tbo Cuiic iiiwiiptiou uudei the 4yj]iiiyil roof uf Ibw 
towEo- i^ milub (bfiLL'i^d, n^pouially oa tbo north aid^r wbo^^ it 
muEit be illegiblev j 

Itftdk&n in a larco vrlts^^ uf 500 houses, of the Zafaraolii 
tribe %fi Kurds. Ihc Khau, the hoad of tbc tiibo, liros m 
3ItLsh*lkad ; but h^d uot cullei) 0|>oii me. AttJUr}ii<d tu the'^ hv^ 
Ju k/' or St4tt«, aro tea or tnolvo emal] villa^^t ^^ ^f Zafar- 
itnlii. TLey bave dt^e paatuiL'S nuduiujdi' walirr. It vasdiflh idt 
to arrive at any eetimatti' of thoir iiumbora; but, indudliij^ 
ngtuads, it mity amount to 1501) familicji, giving a populatioa 
of 7000 to 8000: these include 300 or 4UU tc&En of noxutulu, 
l^rom ilfldkatt a road goes to Durcb^az and the At^, aaid to bo> 
ibfi ouly ofio pniclit'auiH for jjuuti. I had prciposfil tflting tlint 
route; but found it odvieablo to ohaugu my plunfl. Havi'iiK 
llu&rd tbrxt iIut Kiuui of ibi^ ItiLJnunl XinA Wt^ix Mimmoni^d tu 
Uugli-bad, andforeiH.'iinK diflkultv iiij;i;tUitgt^ jVstmbad by tbti 
Atrak or (jiirgan in his absence, I detern^lutHl Ili jiian^h olret't 
to Koocdi^b, aiid tbort.' Etiicvrtnin tb» Khon'a movementd, vUit*- 
ing Dareb^s if possible. Alter Jc^aving Cbinaran, I rode jicrgei« 



^fetn vn t^ ICofffrit AUmn Trar*. 



lt« virtuo mnat. thcreforf^. be eololy ia imagin&tioti, Tlie &ptin^ 
Hnil mmn hrtuiittnl pactum, with n s^iorl. How turf, ntn^trhing 
for A mile on oacIi aide of tho Mtroiim, are tlie |irc|)erty of iliQ 
UaCTnt (or »hriD&). Tho size of the haAin, which hru he«Q 
cul!^ by f'lrmor tmv«lU'Ta — probably from hGoraay— a lttl», 
is disapi>oiotini* ; but tliere is no question of the pority of tho 
w»i(iT; lU II depth fjf ]'i or 1-1 feet erpnr vt/mn m, J.Ik^ J«ift/im 
13 viBiblo. Thti ^.liiii^lmi^o uf tho r^pfin^, lhoti;*h only ubcmt half 
thut <fl Ohaflm**li»i*vVli of ftbrthniil, Ih nT.ill n^iimrkablL' ; ftwd tht> 
more MO, ttuit f ho ^iralu, a durk-blue UmratOQL? abovr Etml a pttrpio 
lAiniQat«''4 sandAttino Mon the level of the ftouree. are iiicUQed« 
the vHfT hieing north ttnd in ths oontniry clii^^ction to th«i flow nf 
tbo ffpriiig. On the othesr side of thi^ riUee» ^vLicb htis u h<:i;;hL 
^f from 300 to 800 fet-U i^ -^ bronH, iirLoiirtivsted rftll<7j\ sloping 
to tht^ ('cntrc, ami Umnine^Mmth wUt the Kaihaf> with naoK^rotts 
flpnii^'H ill hIhiuL ihii Idvel iif tUttt im thft appowte aiiitut Thfl 
nctnftl iwi)Tci> of supply miwt thivcforo lio high up in Iho moan- 
toicM In tbe nr>itli, nial uL Irfutt 15 to 20 Tiiiliw dii^t^int. Tho 
little Tilisi^B of 8(LNi-Chasmeh, adjoining the basiii, hftv a ^reat 
brciuhh or nnimgfttcd com-lantl, which, the people told mc^ 
alvavfl yieldff n crop. In good years the return is from ten to 
tW'nty-livo fold, end tijo grnin irtrgr- urd good. Tbo raixturo of 
diunti-^rutf'd »inndi*t/*m? mi'k i* AulTirifiit to give it8 LiTfloiir tty 
di^fioil; and the samd rock is oon5pi:.'t]ouB at the bu^eoftbo 
tnonntarn for mniiy milrs, with the wiTntr (^r»nditit>n ofurril, It 
is probable, therefore, thai iho sandHtvne^ though difitinctly 

Snnlor, is impermeable, and rctaina tlie nottiral moijfturo near 
mirfiice. On the light-folonred ullnvmm In the oeiiiro of 
the Yalley nothing will grow witlioul ram. C'hiuamn is a deso* 
Iltf(^lo<>iting villngi.wif unw forty or llfty fnmilfps,ttnd jiJiort lOOO 
donlfli, for thtro tire many fnmiJic!8 <:*f meu vk-ht> diod Thinng *ho 
famine, aud it In the cua1<»m to reckon the«e ha oLe family with 
lli« head of tho honse. An instance was glroauf fmir fainilinii 
thus* chilbed. In the good old timea there were toaI gaxileuA 
And groven of chinar?, of which il is Kiiid six only r^mnrn. 

1 TcccJted A visit fmm the Khnn, a fooble old mun, fnl) of 
the departed ghjries uf hia hoirse. Kven till rwenlly the Khan 
had cotisidor^le poseoasions; bnt coii.-'tant qnorrels with hia 
bruilirr !Bj vmknneil hia inlliirm*" »hat hia iidj^hhoitrs Wi?ns 
lUde to depfiTO him of them pieeemeal. 

Tho f imily ia of the Znfnrnnhi tdbe of Knrds, settled in tho 
country by Shall Abbasa the Great, After the e?ipu1flion of 
tho Kurd^ from tho Atak, the Chinariiti section ol the tribe 
aettled in the npi^er pjrljuri of tbe 7itiu4)i-hai) Valley^ and fotindiMl 
Chinamn- They played a r^nbordinaTe [^ort m tJio history of 
Ihn border till tho iitae of HniirfHli Khan. Thin Chipf rniaed 

a 'I 



86 



Napirr * jftary^ « 



in 



'tUKOl. 



From Aklilumfid to RnJkjm, wliioli Ue* on tlie opposite or 
north Bido of tlic pUiii, is ft distauoo of L5 miloe. 

2'tt)t. To Jiijiraltiiij 27 ntiJa. — Between Ritrlkan itnd Jnfir- 
alad ia a dry, barroa iTsmU Iyi"g bttweoo lli> bead spriu^ja of 
the K^jihaf Itud. or Ali Mashed, Aud tho Koocliaii tiibutor/ 
of thcT Atmk. Midwiiv ou the rmirdi ik a stream of waler- 
from ii '^ kttreii/' quilt; Lrucklfih. Tho soil }& witidy and uafor- 
tilc. ^Toning Bothiiig Imt KnlUplniiU, tlionis iind fl low M^aTU^rtil 
bQ^hi--^ uf tamorifiL Tlii; width oi llu> pl^a la from 16 to ]i$ 
iDile§. It fllopeM guDtlv Trp to the hiEL? on E^Ltlu:^!^ hiik', And to 
witbiu 2 or 3 inilei of Jatirabud, wlioro it in brckoii by undula" 
tiouft aud low ridges throvru out by tlit^ luounlaJuH ou Uih uorth, 
III winter, snow liuB very duc^p, arte] tUo plain w awrpt liv a t^old 
vfiitd frtim the steppe Knunu <ui the^ ''aTc:ih/' Jutimhitd ia a 
Hrnall village* of lh»ny houses of Zafaranni, Kurds, ami Turk's^ 
liifj lir^t in the SUvt<? ol Kooubjui* 'Iho drynuss ol' iho (rlimatt^ 
and Uie high muds prevalent in the \tiiiter und ^>i'iti^% whioh 
doetroy all v^^etation not pMtocUd by a covering ol n}o% Iwvo 
the villagcra depoudeut mi tbrir tthtjut-^rop:!. Thi^rci jiro tio 
^ar<l<in8 and no treed. In the famiik^? years the whc^t failed^ 
ftnd ti»ri viljflge *vfts alaiosl dwtrovod of familica, culj- ihlxty 
remaining. 

'^Gih. Tq Kcochan. IS mt/cd, — From Jafiinbad the countrr 
a1(j|hiii gniiUy iLWJiy norlbiind \vest lo ihrKoocImiiStreutn, whiru 
ritofl in iho mouc'!uiia& to the north and tlows wost to tho Koo- 
olinn PIniii paat ^hirwao and tbimro [uiasrf!^ into a natnm di^fik^ 
encloHed bybigh raountmufi known o&tli^GtirniGkboue, in which 
it Jlows tiU it r^chf^ the (iiii^«Ln Plaiu, With an undulating 
iiirfa(?u and fortib'iu>d ihu Koitchiii^ Pljtiu bears a vi^rv ditVurcnt 
aapect from thai lyirii; at tht head of tho JUaslj-liad Vulley ; th« 

ri'niiir pftrt of it ut under riihivutinn. Tb?rvi nre many flnp 
viilu^oEt and mimvvonjt campti of tlic nomadic clana ot'Zolui'anJu, 
Cutiivntion also extended far up the nmnntain-ftlujieFf, nUcU 
luv ca«y and woU oovprod with goil. Wheat is loigoJy ex- 
ported, aud j^ rurt'i<-d uk fur as Juhjarni, and uocasiouiilly tSbnrud, 
SioHh-iiad, and Sabza^har. 

The toviQ of Koochan ]ic« on tbo north aids of the plain ftod 
Boiitii of the stream. Low lull^, with round ca^v alopos, runulrig' 
out from tbo iiorth(?rn clinin, approach to ^vilhw a niiie of the 
walLi, Ou tb« Wl mound jk n li-miL-e kIlo^tn )i>f the Tiilcb-j" 
Shaii (Fatb Ali Shah's tent^ bavin;:: beciL pitched thero), from 
which n ^ood view of the to«u-wjJt, biiuvat^, and a great eileut 
of eni^loBtn^ vineyards and ^ardena ia obtained. Tho tnwn-vAlK 
14 ddapiciaicd and tJto dilch tilled in, no attouipL having: Lteu 
made to r*?*tore tbu defeucct sitK^o they w«n> dt-*tmyed by th* 
trgo]>d of Abbod Kirzo. I'ho town itocli id in o ruinoiu stnl^ tho 



4 
I 





Nok4 gn tAc Eakiera Alb^r^ TravL 



87 



rudutt of Dji oarthquftko ifhicb ha.pp<med two yoan a^ Boath 

HxiXii MuiuillA, aaid to h&vo been the fir«t jM^nuancnt kcUIo- 
meiil mnilcT m the t^untry. Thfl fii?ytali Tuihh, ^*hfj heKJ the 
country l>of>r!^ lliu Kiinls wytc imfwrttid by Sliiih AbW, n-ore 
noDiA'fs, Emd Itv^d, oa mftny oftho Kurdsdouow OD tUette bWk 
iQouiitaitu, winter^ oQiI Kummer^ in thuir tvoU of goAte hair. 
We^t of th« town &niio,j:re&a fertile pbiti covetea wJtli ril* 
ti&grj HlTPtrlicH for miiTiy mileH. In ginnni«r or lat^ efnng the 
loiKJMUpc ivouM DO dtniht be a lovely t^uc. In niitumu tfio bai^ 
low hilLi and brau» |ilciii<;hed land iiud !palk«8 orohanla ^ve kt 
an ntijxKiTiUK^ of dowlolion whidi th-^M^ jr notijmi; tt> rodc^m. 
Thf kha.u U-ui].; jiijiwnt in MitAh-hLt^I, and liiKKJii m\ a pLimhrnn^ 
parly, tho town waa very quiet, and I entered without oreatiug 
the tu»Dii] Atir mid comtuotioii. KuropcMUin aro »q >cMoqi kcu 
in tiie Kurd dUlricte that it requirea little notice to culleci ihd 
pooplo in tho (trceta and on tho house-top) in crowds, Xho 
cruu'ds lire, liuwfiver, inviLrutblj Hifeiit und t^ril, th<T wonl 
Ums" posBttI from mouth to moutJi in nhLepcreaho^nj; their 

iliafity ui^h the iiHinr, if not with ihr- n^ttioJi. 
27/A. To Kmohfm. — IX^mx'X tlu-ou^h tho town atid i>ontnd bo* 
«iar. The tfmii-vullA, or rutlier their ruins, form a prAtty rajfa- 
larvqnaro of about 1 mi'h- ii^ide ; thoy ai^now much diluFuduled. 
Havinj; irutTtTcd from the aic!L'e. liDd lately fK-in the earlJirjiiakCi 
Ih© town itself IB more ihjvn liftif in rnins, lh<< ri^snll iilso of tha 
oarlhqiiako. A largti colidJy-biiilt JIudnuMah oi' luiutQury that 
Wiu< poiiiU-d oiiL to UK- hrLiIheen iIiiiuH;*ed bt'yoriil rejiair; th» 
arched rsxif^ h^d nil hiilcn in, and with th<?m muny feot of the 
woiU The shtck tnuat huvc hi^rn LriTjMy viidfuL Nu Ijvr* 
were lo«t, as there had for Aome timd before l>epi( iridicntioos of 
wbtt waAoomin^ ID the fiUfipcofromblingBond^h;:iit shocks. Tho 
nei^hbounrigTtllagwidr^redliltla: one, about 1 niile^it of Iho 
town, ettraii^cly enough, not ntaU. The central biizoftr ehowod ft 
aoodd»'iLl nflile^uud (he^ho{ls wi^n^ wt^ll kUh-WI and rivpi^tjild^- 
loohiugi but ttie roadwuy wa* tlio ^try wornt 1 have evereetu; 
aloo^hs of mnd and ftlth mJtiiy ftroldei'p, ciovf^id with armiploof 
inohca of water, formed a hiiceivBiuti uf poohi vlouf- lU whoI« 
length ; tlir»uuh tlieae »trtig;:led lines ol uaforl qnatc doahovfl 
breaet-d^p. The f«Tn hLodck Inft vt ibc ongixutL paix*iii«nl only 
marred lui eituinbling-blockn tu tho way of making; rnjitten wunto. 
During the ffimine the tx)wiiHpeopI'^»ilfrf'n>rt, lilt not. Ici any p^at 
extent. They are «clJ oft'n^ n nil^, miiktuK moJii^y by th« fixW. of 
whi^at iind frLitm MMKh-liH.d. At the wor^f tfinelkjur was«'> kranx 
nertiiaundp Twoor thrct' hundred pcojjje are aui^I to hnvediedof 
QUiigor, Outside thr Mjutli-luid ^aUr n In^np of 7^ttitti-H was {t^riulnd 
ant to loa fti laarkiug the spot on whlcJi au imfortuniite wieirh, 



99 



KapieuV Drary if a 7%tfr \n KhorasMm^ and 



driven to cnni;iUlismT l^a*! t>oon «toncd l** death by the people. 
Tliin vox sfiid to be a eolilAiy casr?. The pnwcat j>o[iulatiou la 
reekoned &t 1400: a» ex^gg^mt^^d eBliniAt^?, I am mdin^ to 
think, from (he eiaf^ of tli^ ttiwti mid the rxtont nf tfj*- niin?, 
Kaoy lamilios, however, still livo undi^p lf»nts, not having the 
means to rebuild tbcir hoiLioe, A tine etrcjim Hows pii^ tho 
mTrlb piide of tin- ifjwu, ii-ri^^jiiiiiL; ihe hiinU mi f^ilh^rr hniik m f«r 
oa Shirwan, and oventiialjy flailing into iho Atralc. KoooboQ 
ffL ni>W for its frdilfi^ ci^>ei:JfLlIj gra^^, fnrni vhir-h t very foit 
rtiiie IB mad% \ 

*lS(k — Hodc up tlie ZoibATfln HiIU 9 njilea norihwtart of K<xk 
dmn. From Ita summit, '2tJ(jO fet ubrjve the vallev. a good Ti«w 
is obiaiiied ofShirvroTi and tho lower courac ofthc jtrcam, andof 
tho hilly CDOotry betwefii Koix^baii aud iheAt^ih and DHti'hgiuu 
B<*hind'tho Zoibarau is a platoau htio^ni as th*^ Duulat Khana^ 
dlioul 12 niilefl widr*, iindnUtinpf well ciiltivftlf d, and drained 
oogtwiml by a deep hollo% in whit^h lie the vilia^^ of D>nUt 
Kbaiia, Kazlmabad, and six or aeven other hamivta. The soil 
of the ptnl^ftu iw ex<'el1eTil, and aflTonU whr'ftl-trojjs, iu ordtnaiy 
ywiiB^ of not less tbaii tc-u or fiftt-ea fold. The priro of wUeut at 

E recent in i\i*?Hi^ vi}1ngr>»i in Q mmmdi* ^=20 sepni Tndiim fur il 
mrij a very low mti? lor Khcmseon. The eloei>cr slopes oftho 
billn also JifTord ^JTaiiug for lurgf flotka of sheep imd (Toata. 
Ono hamlet of thirty ho(i«o4 that I vidted had taken a vhctfit- 
crop of fjOU kliatwars off the groimd, and |>os8eBAed 600 or 700 
Bheep and goitts. The people grumtil^ at thy amount of r&- 
Tcnuo UtLccii from thorn, Init it apjicared not hif h ; t/^n [>« rccnt, 
of graia, with twi> per e-t^nt. ftir fxpeuai.* of o«>llertiori, oTie btan 

?er h^ftd on tho flockrs Wiw tho wholo demand, UcbiacI t!n> 
>[m1ut KlHKia rinli^au m a lung strcU-'li of iuw bills, and thru tt 
high ranp;e ninnini^ from west to mat with » ^ecpfidon of peo^ 
known a? Kub Cliuinli, Kuh Uuk. Kuh KAmniM, Kuh Imo* 
rut. Th^B nLDf:;e cannot bo \^9tt than 7000 feet hi^h, and i^ fairly 
wooded with junipers. Beyond it lies a low rang&t not viaiblet 
at thof<x>t nf whiHi ar^the Ahbul Turkoman SeUlemeui*. Tho 
titrafm in all purls wh>?n? exposed, Bec^m to bo violonlly oon- 
tort.f^j h<Tit in <ionl>l* j'urvcj*, ami oflen ou end and [lerp^iixdion- 
lar The rouk^ aro all Btratifiod eandj^tonee and hini^stonm. A 
dflik-ied crittv Band*tone I found to ccnlaiu biyera, veveral 
In^ht-i iliiA, of minute fosiil-sbella. which is, 1 bdiev^ vnnsnaL 
*2'Jth^ r^ttf. 24mi7«. — Marched from Koochan (o Taril on 
t)w road to narfhgjv/, liming beard for eortain Cbnt the Khan 
of Bujnurd would not loavo for T<?berim tdl the 7t.b or 8th of 
U€it ruuiilb (Hio Mnhornedan), i.e.. twenty-onf dMys. From 
Kocohan, follonmg tho stream, nhitih ie Biiid to bo a tributary 
of the Attak, for a distducu of about IQ mih^, tlie uiouLh (jf tho 






JVtflM on thf KaMfta Alburj Trent. 



inc Kiir^i rilLigos lie on the route, am! tlic lund js f<;rtilc, tveU 
liflp«l, ami abuDiliiiitly vatere*J. Pioiijjliin^ was fi^iTig <in ao- 
tln-ly; anil I noticM tho i^nmo indivji^oul bv Uimp pfou^fhinfT, 
covin;*, and liArrDwiug. ftfliTr lli« rufliitm of ttie touiitrv^ i,rf., Ljr 
driving & board lo wbicli ft pah- of buUwTtH are fnpteni><l. hucI on 
V'hjd) A stout Kurd tiiida wlmt jniiiit b^ nnyLlibg b»t eiksy 
Mtnmiing, orer tlie open fhrraw*, Wirh a shalTow ftirrni\' anl 
light dry frijiblo eoil This primitiyc method i^i monr rfl'»:?''tiial 
than migbt lit* suppmcil. Oii iht* "Dd^iriji" or tjiimni IhiijIs 
tbfi soM is fiowD broa(3cafit and ^lou^liod in. Threshing woa 
going au tvitb l.lm [i1oitgh[n|^, Inlr ntituinviuz delayed l1ieo|N<m» 
tioru LitiXi* U groivn in tbb pan gI the VAUey B'kTO wheat and 
fcarlev. Cotton does not j-iold vrcll thoush it i" grown; tltc 
people atlrJbut(T tliU to tlii> cold. Snow lies for four mouths, 
and tho ice bean for two or three wock^ at a time. After jmas- 
iii;^^ two firm YiJbigr*^ Ry Hy niid ClmljUu. tint villn^i KrJlti 
Tusiif Khan, '*ii the border of Radkan and Kuochan, i» rtiachod. 
Th(^ pmplf, Kurds of llio Kywitnln tnb<\ arr n finr^lrioking set, 
mid apparcnily belt* r off than their nei^hboxir^. Forty or tiflr 
aco came out of the villajre to offer me eiitoilaiaraent witJi 
inuiiit; htjspttality, itnd witu'^iit, I thirlc, lui idf^u of rL*wiird or 
_ lyment. Thcv tutd mo tUey eonaid^ted tJieir Khfin'a g:urst 
ihpir gnivl, Tfie inen wptp all cb.ifberl with an Kiider end 
OTor-coot of IrtMwn wool, !iome^|inn troimLrn of th^: somfi 
gattien^d into tlio*'Charnikh," i\ gailor and boi^t imtAe of one 
pow, of goftti^kin, ftistenod l^y a thou;; pn!=sing throupb boles at 
lh« heel, inMc^o, luid toi'^. Al! Imd tht? cuiiifortable tall ^eep- 
Hlcin ('ap of the country, mostly brown; a few of the youngs 
men wore whitrr naps contfAstiiii; well with Ihc^ir briL^k-dunt ivam* 
flexions and browii bt^urds, Tltey wtri* sborl men, but stoat 
ond wnll made. 1 notiocd n predorainaTice of blue and hascl 
eri-n, AltliiiugJi undoiibtiHlly " Turk or Tart.nr nw**, tbtwe 
Karde ehow nothin;* of tho Mongol t^pe ; their foati[n?« aro 
Landptome, Tegnltr, ey<:« full luid pmmmenL, uud bentda niiiplr. 
When aalutfns: IhcTV raitied the opirn hand to ttio fori'beaif wiik 
bead creot Dnd a quick almost militar)'nioTernent, Tery different 
from the orinpriiig b*md of the Irany aud slowil^ sbuiflitig 
salatc with hidf-cW^d hand of tJifl Pfrrslau SltIk/. i told thorn 
thnt tlirir <*i«]iitry w>w a mueh better nn\* thrin fuin£\ iind hi,t<ir 
than any J bad sggu in Pi^rriiu, aud thoy rL-adily admitted that 
they W€r© well ofT A glance ^t tbe'groiip of welUfed, well- 
dotJicdf ruddy dookififj tnoLj and aromid at tho tfrroci-^tl vintf- 
jraxdflt th^ well-slnocked orrbard.-*, picturesque in vivid autumn- 
lints, and bevond over a lonp; str^teh of eorn-land, dotted with 
ploughs worlting lustily, and yellow jMitchoa oi fredh-tbrc«hcd 



4 

i 



90 



KAFiKi^i Diary t^ a TWr I'n A'JWiUMni, <Jiiif 



gr&in, (uid uiLV^raed bv silver lines of water from the abundant 
Atroim, maflo oDo envious of tbcir lot* aekI wub that our ow& 
pui^r luudleu eerfs hutl rix fjtir n land \i\ tvliJrU Ui ItVi? aud mul- 
tiply. To crown all iu otb^r fftft^, tbia favonretl »ipot U ftlitfo* 
lulrly aecure tj^m Turkonjtnr raTiy;c«. East oud wtat, for 
many mLlec, h is proteuled by an almcwt ImpaiBnUe range of 
Btonutoina. 

From Knlta YtMi^f Khau iIlo vnlli-y riarrowji, nm! ufu-r panJng 
tho picturoBqaa village of JJadkhor of Kywaniii Kuiiis, tlio 
rnjLf] mUTrn n narrow di^^li? niul follo^it !t art itortliH'jiid for 
4 milea, Th<s dc*GL* ia ouiuiuaiidLni uU ulu»f.% but tbo LilU are 
easy and of no Lt^i^Lt, Gnnd liave bt*eji taken tltrou^li by the 
FertiiuiK in onoor tWr ovrrditiouK ugjiiadt tbc? Toji.'iid Turko- 
tcuks. On reaching tbfj villo^ ofTa\iu-i the dejilc opens, and 
tb«re is A good rtrclch of ciiUivotinn i iriilp wide juid 2 ur j^ in 
length ; two »troanitt come iufrcra tliolow hUlaon the risht; and 
the main stream ilividtH the vuHey hrauchiiig uvst up tilling Pitii* 
lat-Khana PIoUau and (tniit to^ardn nun^hpLS^ iVotn which dinx^ 
tion it recdrOfttbe Taul ^UtMUi^ ihe most diifUiDt feeder or 

irod of the Ati'aU. Tavil is a small hamkt of b^u hoaitat of 
[ywanhi Kurds. The valley or glen in trbicb it i.t situated ia 
bleak, treete^, and ttarren, the streara ninds through patchet of 
yciJow inar»h in a dull sluifgi^h currcatfand the hilUaro mono- 
tojiouH in outline nnd uolonriikg. Ime& uf tferriLliHl ridge, brown 
And bare, forming a lofty, nnbrokon, impassablo waU, enclonng 
till* Yalh'y imd labiittiu^ it out fi^im the worhL 

30^A, Chupttshlu, 21 milei. — From I'avil to Cliapuslilu, in 
the plaiL of JJarchgnZr is a Dkardi of cinly 21 mites (roughly 
calciiluted), but a tvhole day's work. Luiiviug the village of 
Tavil and Uie raUoy, the road descends a rocky glca to tho 
Mnidunkhann Vtim, Uiit} IV^el, ; there is I hrn n d^av-nil iif 1 4SC)0 fiwt 
to tho KJhkiu ^trt^uin, bleep nnd rough, rtnd th[>nc-e an asocnt 
of 1100 feeE. (o the Alloliu Akhar PaMs, the Hrnt mile rery bod 
iQd<?oJ, find a doKoenl t>\ /EOOO feet in '^ milc^^ and of juulJicr 
lOUO feet hviuTK rc^achiug the plain. TIiia In the road by 
which the rereian guns are said to have be^a taken wh^u l^s- 
boTned Hhah uiskAe one of his epaamodic ntteinptj^ to anbdue his 
Tiirknnifln neighlxnii^, 1 havo reason to doubt the legend^ 
though light gnnSf with p]i.'nty of mimnal Joboar, may bo tukou 
almost everywhere. The deitwjiit fj-orn l\ir. &hudat»khu:H* 
plateau al the bend of that pa^ loads into the northern water- 
abed; a small stream riee^ in the defile, and Elows tiiroiigh n 
curious natural gap in the main riJ-'o of the north ipur of 
Albur:t, known &a the Uerband-iliibkau. Deyond the dotUo U 
an open valley, in ivLich are th*» tuunlets of ifetbeud and Kib- 
Ican, tba tirqt village in tho Stato df Darehgos, In tlii» vaUej 



I 




JVoru on tita £iuUni Mburx TVorf. 



9J 



I 



the clan of AriliiirK, in viWii^h lnOon^l Nsdir Kuli Beg, fihep- 
horil ftOfi baadic, allcrwurdu Nudir tshiib of Fursia. wero eoitlcd 
by Hiiuli Ismikil SeflTavi, wlio Irouglit tlieio from Atcrbyiux, 
wtJthcr they liud trmigraUjil in tlj« track of TurtAr hordeti fiom 
tbe bnnlc^ of tlio J&xarUw* ^'ftdir's hiruae iu ^luLiUUbnd 
Daitjart, intKe pUinof l>itr^b^rfi3^, UstiUKtnnijtn;;, niid i?tkiLOWD 
to cvury peaBttiit in the nei^libomliCKHi Tbo Kibkan atrcani, 
tkl^T pmwti^ the pirttireAqJiB little ibrl of Kibkan, fiitmLti'il in 
what must Gave onco Ix'Cii u very ftron^ POHJtiriti ca\ lUi ijicUited 
hill, flowa r:js.iG. down & uarrovr gor^ Ami in by stiipfimloun 
pr&<>ipieft tri tlw mtwiows of Abivcrt, tho wintavqnnrtert of 
Kadir'fl fuuily. Ai>i%orl *^r Buvert has a li>cfll u-iiuUtIo& for 
feUrj'vjfuiDfi: fprlilily; raelonB grown ibor^ I wfle loiii, attain a 
wci;;kt et TiO lUt, (ind vhcat returned a bundrod fold. 

For fnaijy yeais the Talley had been uninhabited. Both 
IWkonifius and Kartb hnvc settled in it, but fiouod it untct^abic 
Itfi lit'b liarvefils rt<ire tim ^^rmt Ji tf^mpliil ion for iklundertu^' 
i><ii^hl>fjnfti to nithetaiid. Tto lat«£t Hlt.nipial BcltfeTnoat woft 
only lo^il' y^Jir, wh*m 100l> fjuiiili**^ i>f AUeOl Tnrtcuinanri, im* 
migraniK from Khiva, after the BuBsmn oot^umtiou, pitched 
llu-jf tontg there. They were, howoTcr, roraovwi by tlicKhnn of 
Dai^hga^, who, it appearii, feared tlie aliuiuLtiuti of the luudft, lor 
tiiG now iromigrarits tome aa crowu tc^nanla, Xh«y wcro removed 
to ill'*, iaxuh of Durg-riun ntid EulichHH, in thtf Atnk, Ix'yonil 
Dart}hj;az, in whiob tTicre fiio uow^UUU families of Turkotueins, 
Kiinis and THrka jiaving ttibicle to tlie Khati. 

I'^rotti t\w Kil>kan streuiu thi-'re is a lon^, stiff climb to tlio 
stuuTiiit of the spur and tli*' jioas of AlUho Akbar, From the 
rr*wt of tho pas is a tloe viow of tho plain of JJahregft^, lying 
S(JO(J ri.<ot below. A lino of vrnteh-tewcra alon^- tlic apur/fttiO 
in ^Oftd reriair, show the prwHrioua tenure on wluch th" fi^rtile 
lundj! oro neld, 'Xhe tnw<?rrt guard cvcrr foot-pLtth, nnd tiK; 

SreuijiifiJiiB ridgo funtia the lnjft rrfuKi- of the villjigt-rw when 
riv*in out by an altackiug force. Only Iwo years apOj in tio 
»imn>: of 1^72, n Imdy of/il k s&ui, JJilOO TekUrh hum-A and 
12000 footmen invaded the valley and '* chapoiied/' or K«?k«d, 
the Tiling of Ohapushlu, torcing the gate* and Carrying off 
IfiOO of tlio (XHtpki with all their euudrt and mtJ.I**. The liouso 
cf my host tho Khau vas their ueadqnancre for somo days, 
and KliU filii>WA Kignn nf their rude ucLitpjitinn. 

The decent from the pasd ib aiecp, but over an unusually 
good road, evidetitlv njade at foiue h.irmer time, and not tht^ 
nicm ordinary trat'k. There ]£ a noticuiibl*? altt^rutioii iu the 
veg<?tJttion of the north fllejn*^; gniss taken the plac*> of witlierod 
thorny herbitge, and slirubB appt?ar in the tnoiMt gUm. The 
phuD is gretin and fertile, ancl ^udd'jd with vr hi tf>-v/ ailed 



$3 



ii ATI^r's I}i<trif iif G Tcur tn 



villa^o^r Tiiio^^ar(iB,j*iiTi3on0» ttnd (*Toup3 of chinors in brtlliont 
nul.umii rcilivffix TiiU wnMi-lmvi-rsit iti gmid r>-|mir^ fliid «Ti- 
dently in ddfy ute, dot the plain ia overy (iir30lion- 

Tbo rilWe of CJiofmihlu is dt^fcnrJc^i bj' o goo'l wall nn3 
^itob, eoclodiig Q ftpTCu of nbmrt ijOrj yartla Bifjuure. The pop«- 
latioQ coDuala dow of 1000 fttiniltcB, mostJv of Tnikish origin, 
bmiiglit <ivf»r I'V Xiulir from Rdkhanu Oi4lnn, IfilHiin'-ii, T\')if!iir, 
Wrky. lik'cni, uud niillH aro mtwtx, with every kind of fmii, 
During ibe batl fATinuit yearn tlv-rr.' was littlt^scftwrtty, uml tlicrc 
Afford no dcflth«, Tlin nf^ople Imd <-ropi of groin, thonj!;h small, 
and ft KTi?at »tuPr* i^f wlir-iil in their houfto;*, 

31mI. ToMifhamad Hugh, S mr7f:jr. — I^Inr^bcd from Chnpufthlu 
to Mohamad Un^h, ^ miliNi, tlircmgh Titiny^rdu, gardf<uB, and 
over II wpll-^uHivalntl plflin. At 4 twWoA tiir mnd pawwK 
IhroDgh ci gnp in a lo^ Bpnr riiDnm^ cut into tlii: idain itom 
tlie enfit aim [rondin^* norTli^^uj^t, lujd do\\n Jiit fasy slunc lo the 
TilLogp, From tbn high croiiiidlbcpUiunnd vilingf;, with u belt 
of \\sit iir lli«?r miliM of gmve, ^rdeN, mid viiit-yurd. looking 
pictiiroBoni.* ^noiiph, tbouffU ibi^ie was notling in the mud- 
wttlU nnd Hat. roofs lij nsskt nnture. An oacort of 40 horw^imen 
with the Kbaik's brother (iho Khan himself being absent nt 
MrLsh'hnd) nocompiinicd mc more for whow than for pTol<*otion, 
US in nnliiiary times the pbiiii In hJtfc- Tbi- int-n were fan 
epoiiimenft of tlio border KhHh and Turk^. short, lip:ht, hanlv, 
tmd rx<i(!llriit ridi'iN. TlHir Iu>rM"i' Wf-m jdl gcxwl, nt^mr^eiiblt; 
animals, and ox\o or two remnrkahly line. A flue pf^y* not 
under 17 bal)d^ well shaped, *nd with splendid a-^tion, wn» 
riddt-n in froiil uf thi* pcirty. Ho had lul^^ly buea jturchased for 
WOL The Khan of JJiLi'c)igax has J^OO borso in hta pay. and 
nlwayjt muly fur forjiy or puraiiit. Thi*y jini incinntHf, nrnird, 
and j>ftid by the Khtiii ua a ooudition of tenure of tiis State. 
1 wft» mirpriscd to find thut no mvre ibnn thi-«e f^CM) mm conld 
1>fi nii^il Thu vjtlugers huT3 uo horsea, uud tbo Khun no 
stiid. lie U entiielv dependent on tbo Turkotaans for remounts. 
Thin IK x)\Q i'anf* nlao \nth KiKK'hnn. A pouplf.^ of tbciuaand 
footmen, bo'ily armed with inntchki<ik». might be tai^od from 
\\n\ fillftgra; nn an j^niflrcf^ury. 

Mobamad Bofi-h 10 didendi^d by a strong ontor ^toll on a good 
tampart ivith a deep and wide dilek Tiifre U aninuer line of 
wftll with towi^rvn t\x^ niTopiirt and diloh are, fu uenal, dofieiifnt 
ill flaukifl}^' deft'in:es, but ihi.' pbire is nltogether atrouger than 
thfl fortB of the eoantry iisimtly are. 

In lJi(? afternoon, the Khan's brother nnd son, a good-Jooking 
lad of \\y enme to visit me. Tbey hail been ottl with u j>arty 
to protcet the peofilc cf one of the border vil!a"09 while em- 
ployed in getting in some rife two njile^ from llieir Tilbigp, — 



^'<ftf9 im /Atf £atitm Aitwrs Tnu/, 



ft fuir illustration of tlid sUle of tuecurity of tlie country. 
Tlic border viiluge^, iIkmo in tlio Atuk outslfle tko bilJs arc 
alw^yx Imb]^ to att^oli, ami !t ia even unAafe to move Lefuru 
eiinn^o or after Giiosot on tlio cJgo of the plnin witbin tho JiilU, 
for Aianll iiluitdc-ntig jmrtic-it nm always lyia^ hMcn in t^ant-^ 
ravine on the loo^-out for chance oatUe <^r Hixiks iiuufficiuotly 
protected. At timca ft large boJy of Turlntmans will a:oui 
lilt' wbule [ilaiiia, sLuifin;,' llie pen|i[i^ up in tha forte or drlduff 
lliom into the hiiU . Tlii^ may iuijipCEi onec every year at least. 
Atuli Yar Kliim, fht? prtt-ent Obii?l; Iiilh a tighter buKI tm t!ie 
borJor titan hi^ prodc-ooeflor^ and id on bettor terma with the 
Tiirkoni^LiiH ; but hv biw often U> buy ipff bin nm^rmu-n, lUtd i» at 
tliAJr morey if llu-y choose to combine. The Akhal H»>ttldtucftit« 
can vvilh coso bria^ 5000 Iiorecnicn n;:ainst any pgint on tUe 
bord&r, ind kupplcraent t]ie»i> uiili 2000 or 300D footmen if 
iiMcsaary. 

?{'rvemh^r W— -Roilt* ont ^Itli iin f-tonrt, of -10 horsemen to 
TJait 6onio of the ucttlemcaU in the Atibk. Ilie vilk^cn, 
K]iaimhadt Turnnr and Alak, lie a ccuijle of mili'a from the 
lost Ion' i-argo of hilU at tlio moiiUi «f ttu^ powg. Thny are all 
d(Trt.-ndr-nl by ginril wjills ^viUi tuwtra aui ditchc^i. A guanl of 
urm^d TLlkgi=ird U kept at tho j'Jite^ and st walch on th^ wall 
to guani agniwt rturpmc, ii>r timt Impnenod that the Turko- 
Eoaus haive ridden right into a village l>eror6 the ]>dLipl€ had 
time to get Iboir arms. Erory tii;lcl \um its totver to give shelter 
Bj^ain^^t a Kuddeii attack, and IIl^ villa^ara go U» tbfdr work 
WUh matoJilock and aword, uaittiig till tijo siiD id well up and 
talking cans to gut in In^foro Miu^eL A long Hue of ^0 norw- 
inru pasAf-vl u.4^ eiich man armed and eurryint^ a couple of ban 
of hnbked n*:<i filno^ bc-Liiud tho ^oiMJc, «o fofitcnei oa to bid 
cut looso nl a moJuent's notice, Thev wew thtw propar^d 
fbr either ^ght or Hi^bt. The nccdioId» aixi XG nn[ea dowii 
tlje ttjuriw nf a unudl xtrraui nuiubr;^ off th« iihtin of Dan^hgax ; 
Uttixe fUG a fdw towers built for protection, >ut no fixed ttuttlc* 
ment. The crope arc iw often ruupod by ttit Ttirkomans as by 
th<i la^^'M owner*. Thia jear liardly any attempt ha* lnwn 
mode io iJitorfero ivilh the liar vest- work. The peojjle attribntrt 
iliU to tho BiD^innn, who Luv^ ^iven the Turkoinaziii other 
cccupuiiou. I found mydcir uduaily Taken fvr a Kti^iun, and 
my men were everywhere wkifd wholher I hadt>)me1o pioneer 
tho Harviaa forco that was to finitdi the biLainCM and bnng all 
tJie Turk^jtiiiuia tuuliir Rua^inn «^;iy. The poor villu^un uf 
tho Alak would certainly acorpt RuAniitu nilu w^ a boon if it 
brought nith it ^cxrnrity from [he cou?ilaut attacks of thej'r 
mauraui-Ujij^ neii^hbours, — atiocnrity liirttthuiro«Ti Government 
U unablo to givo tliom, I ua:» inlonncd credibly that there woa 




SI4 



NaeiebV Diary of a T^nr in Khoranan, and 



not n Liou4«) in tho 'JO Aletk vilJag^R that hod not lost some 
laember killed or imrVied off into l^pelaaa olavary. The prico 
for which n xnau can bo rantoni<vd is from 25 to m) tomBoi, — A 
ffliin fttr iM'yioirl llir ni^wh nf ku nrJimtry vilUgrsr. 

Tho At^k viibi^od pay no revenue, but tboy are vultiabl^ M 
jm <>uteT line ofdol'cncc, and etirrr also to keep the c-nf-my at a 
greater dktancd. Beyond iliiyAe to tho west are some TufkocnAQ 
camps which pay a Bmail tiibute to the Khan of ilan^hgsK tor 
immnnity from attiu^kii, mul or^ iisefnl in fnmiNhing infLiniiatJun 
of projected " Alaman^*' and in negotiatuij!; for the raniom ol 
[iriunnrna. 

Ftt Iho firat fow miloH from Uio foot of tho IijIIb. the *oU of 
the Atftk is j>ooi and wLudy, It ts in maDV part« ulao valine, 
nud cov**rod with saliLie efilor('t;ocitoa FurUier ont it lx*t'<>iin* 
more fertile. The fertUo belt exfcnds frcm 4 to 5 to 16 imd 20 
mJl^, and is tlion lost m a saudy ^vaste that oxtond^ to tho 
CojFpian and Aral. 

^T'l. Darehffui Ptnrit. — Hodo out to tlio west of the valley, 
foUoM'ing JL fimnll straim flowing from tho range dividing 
KiHK-luLn Irimi Llm Aink, There ^re niiinerous large \iIliL;,'e« 
alonj* ihG course of the stream, the largest from 100 to 150 
hoiucfy rtitli on wTcragc of from six toeeTen soals to eiicJi houiK; 
or flunlly; thia hi^h averaa;** bi-ing evidently due to the fact 
that there had beon no h^ea during the fomine. Even witli 
largo tracta of " duymn,'" cr unini^tud land jielding ftn to 
flfteoa fold c]x»pa, and only a small urban popnIatioD, the pro- 
dnce of tlio plain doi^a iiot mom t1»iiL atiH^ii.'iir Tor ll^n^ iviuit« of 
tbu tiiliabiEa]it& A Rmall quantity finda ita way to Huali-had. 
bnt $curi:t<ty pays for pi»[tage ovor the diiliciilt iikt>uiitain*panL 
An average ^miiuprudnctiou of 400 kharwan for ©very 100 
houseH ia the \Mey may be taken tka d fair calculation, leavin^^ 
a balance of half a kharwor aj; surplus produi^o per 100 houses 
Allcvin^ 2(J00 or 2500 housea ns tho populutioD of tho valloy, 
the fturpliiH produce wouh.1 amount to 72,jOO kliaivara in a 
goodfieaeonp 

Cultivation in the valluy and Atak Is cnpahio of an nhuoKt 
unlimited incr<»iwo on nnirrigated lands in both, on irrigable 
Undd in the latter. A very Binalt quantity of silk \s misod« 
and some cctton, U)becoor and opiuni, the latter for bome eon- 
9ampUon. A fotv voajv ago its me yroa unknown. Now it u 
largely wmitumed hv all <.-lajist>8 ; but more pspecially by th« 
Khans and thf?ir followers, During the pro&ent month (Kam- 
zan), II month i.^f fji^tirj^. tlio day is always wound up with 
intOKicatin^ dos&e of tho fumoe of thJe dm^. In tlio ovantag 
I met the Khau^A brother and a number of MollahH and Khans, 
viHitorA IVotn other places. The flnti<iui1ies of the valley and of 




^Virfcv OK tAf £(iJVrrt AHfurz Troet, 



9fr 



N 



Klioraaaan i^oro diacuasoff > The fftmoud legend af the f^iant-treo 
cf TotiMhttc, menlbiied in YnWm 'Mnroo Pole/ in the aiitfkor'g. 
aotM Kf^&rdin^ cho Arbra Soo or Sed of Pclo, v!n» r^iiEf^'t i^ith' 
much eXA-^it^mtioti ajjil aiitj^littLAliou. Nf!itb«r iLia [jiairi aor 
tho iLvifflilMiinng Atukapprkr t<j hftvcf boon vpry uicicmt iHttUof 
poptiTation, The (tnly ooics foimd are aaiii to itar mrarmMy tha 
iiuu-riplion of the Elialifiil^, niiH ihe niily hiiiMinc of very ^at 
atitic[uity id itn ImAnumda wiUi on illcKiblo Arabic in^^iption. 
There are said lo be rem»irH fif an Aiicieut city of Alivert., uut ft 
Sttmbcr of p>ld coins, found then? by tho Turkomnns Iwt year, 
aie also wiid lo have been all of ibp Ani^j pm'tJil. Thr t^rmimim 
SaManfan coins of iChcmsBan appear to be nnknown ae ft prodoet 
<jf the pbicc-^ though recogni*fd aa Suckrc roin» by thr? Mollaha, 
A^ a eentral point in the battle<g^imd of Iran and Tnran. it in 

Krhapfl not surririaing that the valley, thongh icrtiJc, should 
\n fmi] no wrUlnd pr>pu|jitio]|. 

'ith. — -Three Pirrfiian e.3ctipod slarea from Bokhara, who had 
just atrired witli a niravnn fnim Itfprv, cnmo to me in the 
ereniug. Ono of them bad beou euptui^ oa (4 bov, und wm 
now returning to hia heme a grey-bcaided man. \lii> had left 
at liomi? a fatlier, brother, and siBtvre, of whom he hn<t heard 
no neva dttrin^ hb long caj^tivity, Anotlier waa a soldier of 
th*» l5tH Upgimetjt of A^rbmftn, who had bper raptured at the 
time of tho ^lefedt of the nntihtnnt-ud^lowla nt Mcrv. Ho 
acktiuwlvaJ]^^! with TFreut ^le^ thi^t lie had robTHMl h!d mnfiler 
bofbre oscapintr, and pnid him off many old erorcf. The third 
va* A 8yuu of Turbut. They were forty diiya from ItiAhoni- 

6fA, — Marobed with the Khan*s boo, and n pinrd of 100 men, 
to NowkhandftS, n larg<e Ttllago lying aomc mite* up Uiooourio 
cf tiie Darehgaz stTenm, 

Nowkhandan is (lie property of the Khan'a two brothcTfl, 
Syiid Mnhnnied ntid Mttliomiil Khan; it is prettily tiifimtrd o[i 
undulatiTii- ground between the njountains encloainf- the pUin 
to tho Tiorth, luni a low ridce that trnv'^rw^i' it fram t*asi Ui west. 
On a high (ir<mlar mound U a mud fort, which eontaius tho 
Kban*s reaidence. and commands the whole Tillage; aronnd 
ore extensivo <irchanis, grov*?i^ and rinoyards, eKtendmcp for 
S or 3 railee up and down the eitream. The gmpeA of Now- 
khondan hnTe a ^eat local rppntalion, and I found that very 

tgood wine wiu» made and nold vrilhont the imual mtrrvetitioii 
Crf 4 Jciw or Armetiiaii to fjike im liiit >thtio1dtn^ the n'm of tlit} 
CCDBaraer. Thovillago badTOOhotiaeB and a populntioDof 'JliUO 
Turku nnd KuidM. 
7rA, Tc Jhtran^ar, 24 miles,— Trom Nowkbandau, the road 
Ihtb np-stream, following ltd ccuTAe to the ikirt of tho plain, 
and up a defila which giuduully narfows tlU it reaches the 



I 



w 



XapjBB'' Diurtf cf a T^^r in Kh&rafian^ end 



lillagQ SiiDj^ tiurakh, where it ]iaitsoff throiigU a can 
lutuml ^p in a 4ie|>rci^o& of Ulo apur ou the l^ft of tJio 
defllL% auA into a t^eoond valley moro i>j>eiit lovil, anil covort*(l 
with tiiw piwtDrc iiiwU Trom Sung Surukh, about duo norths 
nmi* a. gl'-iv "I" wlui*li lies an eMsy puM tu llie villHgi^s uf AaUa- 
bail aud Auitau iutbe Atak. Thi^^o nr^ Ijtrgo l^nkomnn settte- 
mculji, nud iho roa^l 19, ronuKiutuU)' cUii^rvriD. Tim dciy 
pT4>vmi to lay anivol at a Litilo Kurd hojoiLet on lb9 luaij,. 
Lomcii ZainndUlo, oilor ite inhaHUittt^ ^vuro attacked and Llircc 
nii^n nirrL'd ulT, uiy i^KL-Lirt hwl unJtfi-rt trum the Khaii C<j it'Uliate 
ou tho ntftTtet ** oralis " of A^kabt^d flftcr karmg mo fit Koooban. 
DumagJir m ii tvilWliun (if ittmUtfi, fimr iii numUir, uti Uin 
b&nksuf tlio Daivh;!az, cr ae it is called Uurao^T etreum* Tiie 
uutlyuig uj>-fitrcaLQB ai'e kiiowa as X)u^tIlga^i-TuIki, iIil'^ I>:inTi 
hnmletfl Durani(ur-i-Kiudi ; ihey mnater aItof?i?llief about 2>J0 
Tofangcliia, which vfouid givo a pcipulati&n of troni lOOfJ to 1200 
sculj4. 'i'ho liumlrU are at! defeaded by good walls and lowers, 
and tkd men olwuya armed ; being m near the border, Uiey &ra 
cuudtaally liiiUeto atlairk. I was »urpriHed loficd tho uii-n tot/ 
mdittcrcnt tihutd : ttunio of the* bent marksotoa in the viliitff^ vcro 
ciilhtctfd fur tiie, tut fjiikd^ uJIlt tun riiijiuteu' fii>iiWT.\ lu Lhliu^ 
a lar^e mark at I20 jiirda. Th^ rilUiK w<-r(.*lK»avy luul siipiwrtoa 
by a fcrkrd rtat> aq that tht- fault miint buvc boftn in thf; nfliux- 
'uiclactis thtit,i:lthoi)gh tht>y boast of splittJag bullets €u a ktuie 
aad such like, they kiww riotJimg of the fittia nhooting obtwued 
iv,\v\ Euro[)eaiL niles. If tiifv aaji lilt a aiuuOlou at 20 vatdBp 
and a hi^reomno at 150, it. is all thov oxpcct and i^quiro, r'rcm 
Diuiin^r Kunli n pHAji leudi Ui Luo large Kurd vilUgtt KmIIii 
CbiQtir> tho last on tlie border. It i« said to stand ou uu ele- 
lalion directly over tlit? TuiUquihu "obahe," &nd only a milo or 
two fujUi tbi,^]u : weather jMPjmiuiiig. it ia arimitged lo go thero 
to-iuonow. On a cloudy day it is uscLess. The distance fsouM 
Duiatigar to A^kalwd in abuuL S milen. 

i^ih. To Jmatii'ji^H, 20 mt/e*.— The day broko with a high 
wiai] ami a sUinii vi «iiow, tlio aHceut tu Kalla Chinur waif 
thcrofcro useluea. Itlard^^d fur Imnmguti ;n tho K^ocbau 
i.'ouiUry. A foiv miles ubovo DLiuugar, the stream along 
whioli the road |ias0e6 to tluit point tdruH weet, i^suJiig from a 
narrow gorge overhung by stttp cliff*. FoUowiag the stream 
lor 10 or 15 iaile« tlirou^h thi; d*-liU', the larg© villages of Sbo- 
mk and Durbadam ori^ luoclied, and oLove them the sourccA 
of thf^ atream. Tho road crosses the aLrt-nm and tMiitiuuix nji 
Gu open glon which narrows to tho foot of tho Da^and Ta^ by 
whifh tlm jihiteau iff KtM»Ldian in rrmr.bed. On tho r<?At of ihn 
poaa tho storm came down in oarue«t. A cold hlurtt hxmi 
lh« north diDVC the snow in clouds bcfoi-e it, oU'i'urjii^' uU save 




Nfftct C7t ih« £a*ttrtt AlhuTZ True/. 



97 



^H <'f 111 

^H flouc 



tho path nikdcr our t'l^ot^ omd thftt voh rcDdered difficult by dnfEa 
Jbuuderod wiUi diffioaTty, The paee is, lidwever, o rery eaay 



1111^ the grmJiWiliB iifjwhrrr vt^ii^p, Jtiii) ilm liriWd^tt eoiiii ftud fnra 
,^TOok- A vorj'fttcall amomit tif Ubouc would ««rvi> to open 
a road practicable tor guDs or waggons froiii lli^ Aink of Dareh* 
gu OH to the p]a.tuau uiid Oiouoo to tht; pUin of Kcxicbon. K<> 
inoro practicable route i-'xisia to tiie eaat of KoorKaii, Imom- 
conli IK JL villngu ofiilxiiit 100 lious^, ^iitnt^l on a hollow of a 
£i^U bleak platt^au, druJuiu^ wcet into tho Dumn^r Htream. It 
i8de>ilifutf of gHrdi*ii8 or vineyarrK Wt hti8 pWty office irorn- 
tjmd on the bjU-«lu]i<^ Tbe mbjibifintc aro Znwnubj Ktirdj, 
uudt-r the rule K>i th^ KIiah of KinMrhmi. 

^th. — Took leave of iho Khfln and hia party, anj marched 
with one guide to Lilirji* a large Tillage lyirts: IjiLrird in a roclcy 
glen on the Eouth Tai'o of iho nrnm ra-iwe. The thermometer at 
funrue atood at f/ Fahrenheit, ond tne little ctrc^ni t3owin^ 
paat the vtiiagB wbh frozen hard^ the fiwift current barrlv fort-iiig 
ita way thnm^h ico ond boiildera. Li-ftvins the Ztibltljg Tla- 
ti'uu, the road lunm wmth otlt low, blrak-wind-i^wrpt hilN 
coTere*! with snow, and, paininp the erp<l of the pQss, aeacends 
into our *jf the characfceristir plfttrain of thia wction of Allmr;;. 
The pluto^m luio\in a? Takhta or table of Kateivhi, haa a tvidtb 
of o to 8 mtJ<:9, Mth a Icn^h oT I&; i^e cootral portion is 
tnli^nbly levi:), bud a great Ucrmllli i-'< jdnu^d)^:! find mmti whh 
wheat. This operation is elmplo onoiigk As unoh eocd as 
l\\v. ciiHiviitor bfih to S£vttt? ia Aimn l^Tvuvdnuit nvrr thu hilbnlripc, 
lind plouf^hed tu v'Jlh a li;>ht pltiu^'h to a d«p|}i of 3 or 4 inoheBr 
With favourable rain, good crops arc taken otT «ncfa land; tho 
*t4^d n^luraiug li^n. fifl^n. and Iweuly lold. Tho nidea of tbo 
plaiu ai^ unfulaiing, and riw into low, ea^y hilU, entirely hare 
(if Iriep^, M tft thif U'liLrdl purtitm hIho. At rhn Icwrr iinil tlintii 
undulatioan bocoaiG bf>lder and ineel, forminif u narrow defile^ 
through whic^li mu^ a atnaU idji-ruti* linding ilx wny Co the d^Mjp 
Yallcy of Duran^r, and lh*nee to IJar<_»bpii tuiU the Aiak. Crosa- 
iiifctlie Ahmuli Itidgf — aIowiid[*c which may hetab*'n Co be tho 

Itt'Rlorahecl of ihia very inlriditu m-tvork of hilU — tb© rviad [fntoDi 
the UikiilatkliALa Piateun, exactly flmiiJiir in its fL-uturtE i^ tho 
last» but wider aod lun^'cr, ami draining sonth-enst inniead of 
north'VO^t, and ovcntnully uott into Uii.t AlTnk inBtcad of into 
llie Diirc-b|^ atieaui. Dt-yojid D^uhitkhaiiu lien Kuochan, 
LeaTiDf; tho cr^ret of tho nhUvnu, tlurro ia a df^Ant^nt as ofl' tho 
edjgft 01 a tJiidfl inlv the Jtrp valley uf Ri^iLTi/iin* ivhiih tiaiuefl 
6 uige Tillage lyiuf^^ in it. and drains directlv hilo the Kocchan 
itnam. On rcoclim^ the level of the ^iillcy, the enow diti- 
appcaiod and a few trees beg^ tc thaw along tho courao of the 
VOL. XI.VI, U 



Xatieu"* Diary 9f a TWr in Khcmssan^ end 






«tream floniij^ through it Tho few TiLlufri)* in tho upper ^ 
of tlie valloy liiivtr n lit^pfolntf* nppAaranr^c. Tlii:re Arc no |putlei36 
uad v^ row treed* and no oropa; K»ine ^vh^t nnH txu-l«}r can 
bo rftfsM. Tlin pfxipic Ate aliLOst <iitiivJy dcpf-iident on tbeir 
"'ilayrtin." (Diiirri^ied) crapa on the slopes i>f ihe Turmntftin 
It lEi nol tiil tho "lower o^id of the valley i* rwii:br<i that Li 
1imd8i*Ape ihiprtivuiL A axiiiiII liibiit-riry joina iltc riru'ri inlreHiti 
juat Abonl Uie zot^ by which it r^ocLes tlio Kooi^-han i'laia^ 
on thd bnulcH of thin ]i(» 1h? fiin* vtlhign cif J»iini, irhidi nl 
would Enaho the valley aorih a vieit, Tiie hi]l-3ide« are cov 
with tcrmccd TJucvards and orchnriJB, •nd tlir viling*? 
stream liaIf'dTir]\>t]iidL'd hj gxor^ of [ilAne and poplnr. The 
fin(>0t fmit in Ktiora^sho u said Lo bo £rro^u horo. and tinda its 
way f» ibi? xnnrkftt of M]ish<had nnd &iicrnwiir ; Uic npjdi-H, pKttn», 
find ffra[iee, woro superior to nnv that I liod w^eu iu K^raia, aad 
t^inu pmbnbly lo (Ik' bc^t in l^iinipr, TIut ^iJlagcf Lm righty 
hottaes, many of th^m in a minous c^ondition l>cut the eOTvcta w^h 
ftn carthqtjako ; the mm^ tliat »aa fell oo aeverelf at Koochan^H 
One otJier vitlago only, bcsidee I»firji, KnfVrpd in the unmij^^ 
iRannor ftnd it la on tbt- same line, beiti;; nottU-weflt of it TUa 
Hbork HppHani t(j linvi> tmTf»T]fid from mirlli-wrjit ify wmth-wtirt, 
RDd to Imve been riolt^nt only txion^ tho lin^ of tUo villugM nad 
Koodian. a IfD^lh of abofit 15 luika. Tbe ie\etiu6 jjaid is 
alraoat nouiiuul, i\ \at^^ portion of thi^ villn^ biMng bold in fiof 
bjr rclotiii'ca of the Kimn of Kmirhan. The w brat-Ian lia of the 
glt*n an* wd (o bo jiartiV-nlarly proflnctiv^, tho prio*^ (within 
roach of n market ni Ma^h-hnd) bcinp 'M> lln. of wheat per 
kran = Ifrrf. 

KJfA. ShiniKiftt 2A HwVr*,^- Marched to Sliirwiin ftrroia Ihi 
plaiu of KtftH.-liHti- A ^licirL 'J iTillr.t hiTyntid IsJirji, in jt iiarruw 
pAss known aa the Diirbund-i-Hi>^«ar, ihroiich ^Iiich the load^^ 
and tlie emnU atn*ijiu from tin? SJumunn Viillny did^ouchtt oQ^H 
tho plain. On both aidot of the msa are proeipitoua hoightflr^^ 
tbcAO oD flic H^lit named tho Dagh-i-t^hah, t:>liali Abba« Bafavf 
having [itei'iidtd tho hiLdifHt p^iint t^i olitain a vifv of ibf? plain. 
It w about niiiuay b(.itTioon Kociehan and Shirnan, cani- 
launiliiiir H fine \-h-M tif Imi.li. ihh) uftliT wliolr- pWn from Jafir- 
abad to Cliiondpan on tbe Btijmird road. The aujumila of tJl*o^i 
Mirabad or Ni^i^nbur Itango aro visible to t1iG Aontb-ca^t, cobd^^| 
ptetjn^ tho circle of mountains (a that direction, and to th« wm^' 
tbe valley leadiof!^ np to Bnjnurd it cloaed by the snow^Jad 
ridgo of Kufj Siilig- Sculh-weat aom** ihi^ plain ik tbe Hub* 
HhuJi Joliuri, tbe wnitb sjmra of wUiiilj alrctcli out into tho 
Joiivt'o Viiiliiy. Cii.nirirjg tKi> jni^ tin* roJid stTik***! wruw tliQ 
plain, wUidi nt tbic fioint bn^ a width Irom tho Wit Hbipaa of 
Hljah Juhau to tht* fori of tim Dagh-i-SbaU of about W milef. 



J 



Nctc* on the EatX^n Atbnrs TVtfClL 



M' 



I 



Th^ liill-tilopoa. running for 30 tnllw nilc Uio pluiii, ofToril ^uo 
pastutugt?, 411(1 un: m [jorU iiliJiifcU^ u^i foi' ("iMnuii"! taIu- 
cropa. Tho ccntnil portfon, through which flows the Koocbnn 
rtltanif id tltorou^hly wull irrigrftted, nod hiw tniuiy lurfpj vil- 
LJilyff, |(ard*^ii!^. and vii>eyurdii. A marked pe<'uliarity in tho 
|SS^uai>C i« tl^ ^irc»Ur ilttt-tj^pfxl moand t> be »e'n nciir 
l^r^K vilUi^e^. Tbi^w*! icioutiUH itri frufu 'lO In 100 fe^st iii 
iglit, with a diamf^tcir of 200 to 3C1> yards- Th^o may h&v<- 
ciihi^r tbrU or thi? n\U^ of Guobro Jitc-tctnplce^ TLc 
peojJe oonid ^^ive no account of tlieifl. furtli«r thtm that tbey 
bad bcftrd t«U that tliey voro built by Itiaatato m vraVh-Uyncnt 
ftt Uie lime orAfhwyahn iuviuion. Th<t luivn uF Shirwau lies 
on Ifio rij^lit haiih of iho Btri?arD, 30 niilf-e from tho ai^iith-^rn 
moitDtjim«- A liigh nuiim^l iii i\ii' ft-nLTf of the tjkvrn li ^Liililo 
from 11) iuiIl-h. liur^t^ ^nrUcuo uud viueyardfl liu to tho north 
and vcbt. 

IIM. fSVanmn^-^li^ilt^^':! iit Shirwnr;. Ri'coivcd & viut horn 
Mcri<:b^lii, a rt-ry mlL'lLiK«-id. tH^miiiuui^iitiTe oJGciah Uis 
lilidiCy was c pontanwtts ^ for hf» liad had no oriJprs fpom the 
Khari, hIki jh «tilL nhfti^rit, to cntortuici inc. i ^Ihcrcd fnjm 
him u ^'oixl clfbl tjf Ukf'fiil ilk formal ill 11 re<^ardiii|^ lU*^ town iiiid 
thjo stJitc of tho coantry. Shirwnn jr* Hitunti?<l at the Igwor or 
w™t I'lid ijf Ihi- |]lniti "f K(Hn»hHii, withiu it or 4 uiileH uf ili» 
bUle. hoandicj* it on the south ; to the north the plAiTi gtn}t<^'hes 
anay for lo or 24> ir])i». The enclosing hilU in tWt direction 
ore Iciw, and of le»« bold outline than in othj^r paita of the 
range* tie^oral gxrod road^ l^^ftd ovor thorn to tho Atak or pUtn» 
diibaiit 3(J mJlot. TIk' innin road lifilxiuchtfv nt Yittiv:*i-KAt1ji« 
•Ekd is Sttid to bfl |ms:^khl<> for i^uub, bul not c&nior th^n tbi^ road 
faetweefi Darehgax mid l\rH:K'tinn. Ti^n mih'M fintn iJn' phiin isn 
pidtciu knowTL iifl tEio Kutthkluuit^. on whieh aie thirty Villager, 
tlia Ur^t^^t Kl^rrbat 

Tlif* po(jplt>nro Knri]»^Tijrk«, ftnd a H^w fumili^ji from JUehna, 
oae u( l.bt (dd Lmtjj^ f(>rmerly largo and jjopulous. thr? rniiiH of 
which ar** said to cover a, lai^ ^tcnt of p\»nrul near Yftng-i* 
lintln. Tiio Alchiuiitf vcrti wnd ari? otill Ssiannhf, and wcro in 
poaa^Haiiin iit ihtr tiini^ of thi> Kurd f>fi-u}>alion. Tbt*y wl^iii 
eradtiaUv fi>rcod out of ihc plain by tho pw^sanro of tli'* atfjjre*- 
■tvi* TitrtiOiiirm Irilk^st. f vtjin niuihh- (ji obtutii any informittion 
%M to ibf* ofifi^tD of these former occupaiite of the Atak, Thuy 
are known now only by the anmes of tho t-rnvne they Of7cnpiod — 
Annoni, Aidmbadid, Mcdiiiaiis — 09 the c«x«o may ht?. They w<:ro 
probably immi^^i'UiUU or mvadt^ra froni Turki^tan enU^qnent 1i> 
thii T«nnr fninjn>:'sts. whtmce lhi>ir dUlim-tifiii frotn iUo nthiT 
Tiirkii'L trilx-a of Inui. The phitoau of Kuahkhaim h(L» n 
papulation of 3000 or 4000, aud furuishea iK)0 wrll-momit^ 



100 



Natieb*/ Diort/ cfa Tmrr in Khortttum,, and 



horfc', and 100 or 200 riAoiuea Beyond tlio pinteau ar^ 
< larger villages ol' Fcroza iui<L timmah, eocli with 8U lo HO 
llQUM9% IB ictron^ fH>rii1imtii wttUm n fuvv itiilfw of tliu Iwitli-r. 
The town orsbirwan Itn^ lOtXJ fftmiIicei,Qiriarks,of IhuUenivIi 
"tribe, wlio fcirtii**rlv }ii"|i) th*T wIhjIm i-imutr)^ Ihrni iitttgHH to 
Sotftt Tins JeUayer of tbnt i»1ir'(», Xhi^ lk-;-uiry t>f Xhts north 
vHUgt'ft of Jouvnin. ry\\t\ lint |t-vvil fif Ni*liftOlir t%i^*\ otli^r parU, 
liTO sootionii of tliF* irnnin trilM?, Tlii?y Iiiivft iiiixfiO tiud iiiU-rinuG<'fl 
witii t!ie Knrda wlii> \^t?rti sullkd ian<jii;> llmm ly Sliali AbW». 
There i« now no dwHiu'lion in knguii^ii' <«■ ft-ikiur^, 'J'lu* gniotJ^t 
TNirt of ihfi populaliou t& eiig»gucl ju flgriculturo, Uiere bein^ 
but A smnll pniTHirtimi livitig liy tniili^ nr lmii<1ii<mfl< K ^ 
carfcl^ ftro mEtuL--, fUid a <:f>t>d dr^al of the ountm^ $\\\t aCq 
known tUH Alluliji-Udt, v^lilefly by l]ir< »oriieiL. for Ijuiiit? 4-i>ii^uiri|^ 
lion. Thk? wlri-cU of th<? Icjwii wm wiilc% ^^11 f>nv*^J, and lol*>- 
ri\\)\y r-li-mi, ami iu ftpiit-Jimiioci ia alti^gctUtr uiojv iuviUng iJiaxi. 
that of KooohiU], iho carilKjimki? (hal dcv&i^aloit ihat two mr« 
ngo hnviiig been acmroelv foLt here. The? ivnll*, forming rh 
tt-r»»g»Ui' ii^Mf^ nf gix si'W, witli h Hn'iiit of IJ inil**, are fn 
fair rcpnii; The rampart hat a ln'i;:!!! i»f iihont ^i IV^, >\iLl* 
fcawT of IT) Uj 18 rt-f*t. Hrni ?ti"ioer>i»jill of ^,'0(4 iLic'Ifiii-sas liitt 
'wilhont any dfioli. Tii^ moiimi in tJi*? t^pntrn t^ointnands tbo 

fronni ftU roun^Jt ^laJ Im luiyr enou;:h t"* fono a g'xwl po«itiori. 
I would a^d very mjitorially to llie strenplli of tliu plmy. 
The Tfatcr-mipply w goorl nnd nmj^h-. and the cliniatti i« cou- 
ftidL-n'J hv- tilt* [leopli* the h^'Sit in Khora*4uin, and ilu-r!'for<j in 
Feraio ; thora ar^ occaxionnl riflitationg of cboluru, KODH-'limo^ of 
rxlrvmic wrmh'. During tlie fatniin? tli*i ]Ji'<i[Jji diif nui wiJlVr, 
but mauy huudi^ejle "ho collected ixQm ctiior parU dii.'d m iho 
town. At tluil thrtt tiain ai'^dn wo?* eiMing *ii 1 kmim ptT 
loauml (7 ll«); it i» noiv .'» rinunds or ^5 lUt. nr-r knm; a 
COBwdemblo qiiotitity ol wh^nt i?* cxpr^rtod lo Mu^idmil. IVii 
or thmi Uuiidn-d of the toi^iiMin'nf furly or filiy mounted und 
firwc-fl with Iho •■ bliamkbal," a lonjf bcory ri(l«, i\\ti r™t witk | 
the " Klihli/ a li^jhlrr fin-v, uirryin^^ a very wiiall hnll ubuiit 
thirty ^| thi* pound up to 200 yard-* \\t\\i ^v^kl nc'L-amcT, arc in 
the pny of the Khan, nml [*ci'vc on the borJr.'r ^ihfji rei|tiinil. 
i'hey itctivo toDinns {i^) j>er annum, luid IJ kh.iMv^irs oi praiu 
l>or aTinitm, tho repidnr hors-'incn arniL-d hy tlnj Kluia r<x!eiTiii^ 
fmm 10 tn JiO loiuMiis, ttfid ihL' miiuu nu;iutjlv ol jjrnin, luio* 
difln, with iU two cofi&idorablo towns, ita ft'rttl<? land, and inrga 
and flmiriNhiiig popnlnlion. ja idtogethi^r tlk^ rtimii iinjiiirlftnl of 
the borJor State*. It I* wftid l<* hive 44U vdln^cs, I'aubiibly ait 
cxageiTrttion. Tho-o in the plniu may uumbrr SU u* HliJ/*Lm| 
the bill-jfkirtit and monntaiiiH inav burfi fjl) or 00 moro- Tha 
IKfpalatioii l*» naid to be 40,000 liou^Et nnd ten^», uhleb. cab 



I 



AVf/« ml tk€ Eastrrm AiUirs Trdi, 



IfH 



cmbtm^ Ato to a bouso, wonlO giro 200,000, jlrtlsftijly not mttdi 
over t1t«t mitrk, fc^r itm towns are [lopalousH aTtTLtf^^ny cf tha 
villago^ lur^D, Tli^y linve also not BUflVrud frOEn.lfto fnmiiio, 
the moatetrikiiig prouf uf tliJitlwioff a larKoiiumbtiorcliildien 
of all am- lit oih*\T pcirtri of Rhonisaiiit it ii« rni^tfi R^ A 
cluld ot mon* tUrUi two or iJirt-e year* of fljn\ A uj^oitual 
RTiTHiift «f 4»»00rt toiTians \^r unjmm i* iifiH to J h" S1iaH> br: n. 
portion of it ia tviampd il< pay of bonU-r (cu^rdn. Tiio kbriu 
mairjt-iiiLH lO(Xt liurctemtiii, nKiuiitHnl c-iuL^fly at hln v\\n*iiHe,' 

V2th. C'ftinnaran, 'i2 Pij/<v, ^ MaivIuxI \a ChiunaTna. Ou 
learing tiie; j^^jitc ijf the Luwq n aht?et of Uiir iVK:k ou tiiu liili* 
■id^ to llio 8onth pjv^'e a veiy good lepr^^'^eHtaiion of a tiffor, 
vrhuDue tl»<j Dome Shirwon. 'ilw Hnjnurd ixmU nirn* out of 
the valley ol aboui 3 miJes, passing ov6t a Jow spur and a tine 
datooii kticwn nn ihc Jia^^ai' Jur»bi vhcncc a long but cas^ 
deJlle lejida iiiUi I.Imi Btijittinl Phiiti. Thi-m \i^ tm altflniatifA 
loocl IsadiDp! ^trai^ht do^vii t1i& valley and tiiroiiglk a piw^ closed 
bv tlin mini fnrt of Rf.>7iibnil, bujtt by llr£A Gull Khriii, tlio rebel 
lllvhani of Zafaranltt, in tJi* tiiud of Fali.iU Ali Shall, into 
ti«j Ocnnckhna Vdlcy, v hcuco it rtrikc* acroaa a very diOicuJt- 
luoking brokf'Ti rouiiiry wivtwanK lo Biijnitnl. This rwid it 
Uftxl, but not i'raqnenily^ Uumvuna and troops always cbooao 
thi9 fintt nii-iitictni-ii. Tbn p'ttK itnd (Tl't d^-^^^mit Into tlio j^eii 
of the stream draiiiini^ tho Utt/^uv Jarib riat^au would Ik» an 
nbfltoclo to guiis, Lut U is turotid hy a I'oute wlii^^lir leaving tie 
TiUftgo 4>f Xtjburau at tlio h^'wl of thi> platean, fiu^i^j forM^mti 
BBll^ orer a low nd^ctr, limkoii ouly by fuay unduiiitiuii*^ ami 
deKcnds itit/^ the Kooclmn Plain over thr vilUgn of MiubtAijfj 
aod joinrt thr mnin njiul fiuin ^llir^^'aIl at 1'uivie, a lur^? vJUaf;i> 
ft mifos iliiitant. from iTiat p[aii>. Six field-^iiai nf tho SbaVs 
fiMOrt were drirm n?ro?«t tao pr^tli without diHiotiUy. Two and 
ti half mflea JriJiEi Shir^vun tn a llruT »iitiu^, ktionn ua tTio Kara 
Kazan Spna;:, and contid^red by th© peoplo tho £ourcc» of the 
Atmk, tiiiT iimlii i^tri.'nm bciitg tlry in tilt* MimiiitT. Tli^ro isi a 
Uigh<?r perraanert soitrco about 13 miloa rorttiK^j]^, draining' 
thi^ Khii^hfiann Pbtrati and joining the Uoruckhae Htrcnm at 
Mana, 30 intli-K TiiiHb-vfi'Ht. Frtira the immmit of llie Kanali 
Ajab, 10 miles nortU-^voet of EShirwaii, and *J00iJ fo^^t above the 
levi-1 of dii! vnllfry, n (^ua viow is obtained of thn Kcwtirlmu ntid 
Bujimri plaiim^ of the uat«reh^ of the Atrak as far aa the 
loAt height akirting ihc Giirgaa PlaioB^ and of all the principal 
peakfl of tho «tutc.*ni jUburz. 

IVtfi. litijnu-nU It utiles. — Marihed to Bujuurd. l*eaviag 
Cliiiiaanin ihi^ lin|niir] rcuicl foHou^ a imrmw, wi^ll-t;ii1tivat.o(i 
^cn. known a» thu Uvnn(.<lcbas'i-Ctiiikiiarau. Tho UilZe ou 
ikbft side ate of i^haik and coloured Ichuusj low, ejul «a«y of 



103 



Nii'tlilt^ I^rary af u 75wr (* A'A^^rtw^jj, aaii 



> ■, 



acrofie. At ft;i&w mt\^ fVom the villAge tbti road ttirm out 

of tlio gk-a'«^^r lon^ umiiilntiog dowTirf, ao^l th« stream dia- 

8ppeara ijf<u nam>;v gorgi* I^^udiuj; to tlie OfrmekliriH VAllrjr^ 

(^aicli i£->nicra 8 or ^ miloA I'urthor nortli^wct^t Fram the 

rn^Mt j*f"Xth ilowiiH l!in |»!niii of llnjtmiNl ia (ijwu«i lo view- 

The U^H iUDiiing m tho oentre of the plain ii^ ftmftll, dmoM 

*icHi,tntti of tlir giinlrnsAnd vinftyftrd* wbiirh givcao pictureflqiie 

nil &^e^l to lhi> tL>wTiif and viUaf^es in DarefkpA2 and Kooc^m). 

;i*i)»u o^irili to TOUlL iLo plain lias n I^ngtli of iibtnit 'Jt) milotf^ 

/-i^cl A witUJi of 8 tti ill It iM Umiiii^l by a jriiall stream, which 

''*^?kfisce thmu^li a liigh ran^ of hills aividing tho plnin irom 

.V'trnrtncldjan Yul!iy. Thirt*t»»n villft^s Jiro vUiUio iiUjiif; tlie 

'* couivu uf tho fltreum ojid on tUo Lill-ekiit^ of which two cr 

thrue oj»ly ara of coiisid»?!ral>lo &iae — tho lofty ruggod peak of 

Aldib^h LiDiI u musin'e-loolfjfig loouutain bnoiVD m the Knb-i- 

Tar^ih or Sulfg, Close t<k the m^uih beyoud them lie thoiioamn 

»ud J^iilui i-ullevs. At a «hort dikiiinrt) from tliri town T wua 

met bv the Kh<ukR Muetaiili aad on "^JAticbul" part^. and con- 

dii{*iei] to 'juurtL^rfi hi h very haikd>ioiiie builiimg, with Kome lino 

rcHkrDFS dm^aratcd m tim Persian jctylc with plo-itor, ^ty oolom^ 

Lud waived «[K»d-work, 

Th»* Atfttk route from Bnjnnrd to -liitrabcul appears to be 

Suite inijrnicTicfihh-, at Ua^t Irotn the Pcrsijui »iw, nod iiiidfT 
^eir piott-ction. For CO mile^ there aro no Tillage, aod tbe 
wddcni(»A — it frt by no means a dcacrt — la conptontlT swept by 
" Alamuu " of YorTiuta and Tt^lclct-h^ i^ route to ihe Goklan 
i^ttlemciiits, or tho holder districts of Kborftseon. A thoimud 
liiinwiiwri wDuhl hatJlr t-aaure siifwy. Cnnivaiw* piw curjiMfm- 
ally by travullins at flight, and with gr«vU oipBditiou, 

ititn. //ryrtum,— Visited the Tlkb/mi, and h«d a long con- 
T^reatiou ^uh him relnlivc.^ to routt's. That along tho Atmk 
wtu<, ho declared* absolutely iiu^jracticaU^, I mt\r tiuL there 
wai* fttill littli^ hojjii dtln?r of olttummg a gnanl from tho Chief 
or of tiBiag him ad a modium of ooaiiuuaicattoa viiih tho ¥o> 
piuEfk It VHA mit hiH inti.^i^Kt tn At^int niu in tht* iniiirer^ ami 
I outild biiii;* no pr*t?nur<i ti.> boar upon him. The Gnrgan 
roQtPi ^i<ii:h 1 albo ^u-^^^eblL-d, in the hojie of j^itUil!^ fnim lliat 
1a^ 10 xha Atrak, wnn, ho mii), «a!r» as IVir h« (>iKgaUi as Uo 
luld fHrriiah a sutBcieut j;uard; but thcncr^ i\w Voninl* hcJd 
pwHl dfMl of llaj I'ond, and w<Tro decidedly unriiiJiLdly both 
ti'Wmda hia mta and the GolJans, wliosc "^obahs'* abo inter* 
vraicd. 

18M. To SJitioyhan, — Mawheil to Shiiophan, on thn road to 
Jujarai, and Uoetatti, a village of 100 lioLse< of ^hahdiilu 
Kurdfl, with largo gardens and a great extant of tinirri^lJ3d 



i 




Nota m the EaMwm Alhwrx TrceL 



loa 



vboat-Undfl giri&g good crops. Thi^ year tPic Karrcst was 
eie*ptioual!y ^rooj^aiiii ronx^qTi^ntly wUrjil U Kr^liiiij ftt aev^ii 
rmiuii^ls ptr kmii.' In the worst year of llio ialo f^ino tho 
iminigateii WfU gnvi* a crop luflkiont U» uiajntniH lli** p<i[inla- 
tion and & f^d luauy of tbo fjuxua&-)tricki*u ijihabitanla ot the 
leisd fertile valleys to the south. 

Kor ib« luj(t iwj or- thro« v<^r« also, thouph itituftt^d within a 
fow niilcfl of Die [JAftSL's tlir^fnjfb which the Tiirkomatt " Allamans " 
con^it^nrly puM, x\\<^ villn.^ ha4» cDJ(jyr*d n certatu juuoiiut of 
imtnuDity £ro:ii plumkr. 

Fmm \\\n Itujdunl Phtiii the roaiJ cromes & low pti^, and 
th«nc0 bf^ndH J'rom «onth to wcet bi>tw€oii two gittcd niiis^ii of 
mouataiD«, connected by & low, n^trovr ridge, over \rUich it also 
pasft^B, Tha mountain to th^ rights or north, in kiiovn ma the 
Aloda^hi or tlio '* piebald monnluiti/^ ix name very (^oniiQonly 
fipiiliiii to moTintaiiw higheDougli fo rflain psitchrsorjinow (atj? 
into tljo fnimuior. The southern muiint^in ia lu hi^h Aft And a 
emLti?r mRAs than Aladack The north f&ee, Tor ftbout ISOO 
roet, ^'m ihioUEy cororod with rrc<ah-f&llc(n mow, und U well 
clothed with janjjjT^r of fair gmwlh. To the ea^t of the peak, 
jind About It Tnilos south ol Uujnurd, is a deep clcifti with 
precipitous aides rising to 1500 feet aboTo the taIIcj know:i ha 
th» Sinhkhana. through wUoh Iiee the direct road to the lefor- 
iiyiii Valli.^y, nnri IheiAco to the JouTnin nnd JJiFhabur plain*. 
'lo the i-Hrtt of lIh' pruis iigjiiu thi^ rid^ fiill?* nwny. uiid is i*rtiii?i«d 
br a second and oa^ii^r paas. G or 8 milos from iho Siahkhanji. 
l^iei^ei? it ri^cH ni^Lta^joimEig iJiri Mgh mn^^t? in ivhich lir; tlie 
plateaux of Bui^uiri and Sultan Maidatl; the princiraf peake, 
^halijehun nnd AliTzakhttna, reach atk elevation of 7wl> to 3000 
faet. Bi-Eidiiig from ftouih to KoutliH.^U!<t beyond KooehaUr this 
rau^o ruuj past Maah-hndf throu^'h Uakhan;, towards Hernt 

Lraiving ilir; l>A^gHgiit tn fjlliiw l!ii^ cjhiy nrjtd iywx thi? Iuw 
ridpe muiioelin;; ih« two moimtaimt, I a^oendod the p^lc of 
AUdngh, knoi^n oa I);iba IlLiUnd. Tho axeent wax «tocp and 
difficult, tlio pulh bein;- frttquiTntly ohrtn]f:ti.d by deep drifts 
of snow, throu^li which cur horses atfos?{lcd with dimcnily; 
but ih" view lrr>m tho xTimmtt wnl! rcpnid Uie ex*Trliim- To 
tho eaat tUc lucnintuBn falU abruptly into a glen, \vhiuh carries 
4hf* druiiiAg** rtf iiH ca*t sloi>i?, and of th*? norih jilopnn nftho 
Sali;; MiJtn^tQtJTifl, iijtu tho Ifmnurd Plain and into thu Ger- 
njekliiLH Iiihiiliiry uf thi? Atmk. To tbL< \tettX it 0Jjutiniir:r4 in 
a hi;;li. iinbrnkea ridge, dividing %\i<y dnuna^o^baiinx of tho 
Atfiik and C^lr;;^n for *%\) to GO milex wker<3 it vA loist iu tho 
fertile plain <livi(iinp the two ijver«. 



J04 Napieu'* Dliirff of a Tvur in Klwrttssan^ and 

ll^fi akipGfi at tUe bu^ uf the Ala'.la;:!! oi'O foroitrcl of a oonn 
gritty Kumstoite, overlying wljicli In tlir siimiuit in a vtrnttitn cit' 
gny liMi(«t:?Df', ^.liowiutr n ft-^w iinproHJOba of jimniciiite. Tbo 
AtTHta di|i ttt K t\%^y\i uii^^lu- to tfju uuitli, hikI the *oulU fncc of 
tho mouiit4Lin c3c^'ond» in \>q\*\ vrTin. Tli<i aucruii luurLvd 
Riiiuccutnf 4(100 Wt; ulijlk-ilyojld. uarlh-'rtratuiiHlsiftocbjiig 
the bare mountain -top, bu^ed tiU jtt[<.'mpts C(> oliluiii u rr»<liiig 
of tbo boitin^point. 

Id tbe tUiyK of Uie Sarnrian Kiu^ the Hoyjil rood, from the 
CtitH^iun rroviror^ ncrosf thd Oiit^iui Pluin, led up the ^liiio- 
j^liuu VaUoy. A widr mmU di'^uing tlic CJurgfiu i'uas* or fpot|:e. 
So milce lowor tlown tl)« vallGy, is Dov said %a le covorod vUb 
imjM'ii'^trahlf: foivprl ; mid two muicd Itcpf^iJ-'', kijovru by Iradi- 
llcu a^ the RithU-i-Ash aTid llabttl-i-KamgiEez, mdy rpmafa ttk 
bring the jicwt into contrrtst witJi tho pr^wnt, i?>nm Shttogliim 
'lo the jiluin, mif] nmuy rnilra Iieyoiid, ih^iK in iiu hij^u of hamhtik 
hiibitatioD. Tbo evor ^fo<?ri und fortilo tnc^adow-kadi;, U»> 

ijrDihiikf of ^hidi W()iild M^rn<tii to Mivt? a ivh^lc; dinlriit from 
iHTtJUie, form the ncutrAl ground betnooii plundering Turko- 
kJinA and Kurds nnd tl^ue it iit with all tho faiufit valley* of 
'Kh(jraa»an. 

l\)iL To Sanyhas^ ISJ mtfe.— Miudiod to tlio village of 
RiitE^hiLH, i:r " nhanlidi," s^^ ohUhI rriiui ilx bohi^ thu p]'inci|i«il 
of a firoup of four ViUugosL TUd other throe vitta^jea itro 
^udlgiin iLnil Jurba, in the plain nest rif Saugliafi, a»d Hbodn 
lolk to tbe iiorih. A tilth viUjig^, Kofr, Iv b^ at tUo mouth, 
tbepaes fiom Bujuuitl. LifitHi^-ft to ihf? s^xiup. •Saoghtu aDd 
10 thrtio flr^t-mc'iitifincd Tillngi'v \ia \\f.\\ nut in Uici plaiitr 
llot IflAa thftu 10 luik'B from th<- ]kitH^ To Ujit Huuih, di«tiuit 4 
to SmiWj innhiiv ridg^, lji?_voi]d whirh lir-H th(» PIiiiTiof JoEi^'nirt ; 
uadt dud wtfit i« usi ulmo.tt unbroken lovcL wu»t<i ua lur ikt fvi&lia« 
bur ou tlie uiie side uud Uu*iUm oit the otlii.-i'. Tha villai;^ 
kndi^ of B light-oolciurod but ri<^h loamy ulliiviiim, iiro ucU^ 
Irat^idd by u &nmU Nlttrimi thj^inj^ fivm the ilUfnr (Uajiiurd) 
P&SB. The wat'T of the slream. in rnmiiu.n vvit!i nW the wMol- 
ofthn jiUtn, fn ljnirki;<b, biLt .sci'Vi:--^ IWr ini^nttoii, uud U nolUQ-' 
driithnble c^vii to tlmse nor hahitnau^d w it* use. 

For DLoi'c thiin a mih: raund ^^rutj-luiJ! th<T ground 10 covcnci 
with XL'uiaiuH of mhj^d houniui mid vulli-d ^'UEvJi^ik!!. On 111* 
quiry, I fonnd tlinl tii<* ovidout dc<reo«e in tli^ popul*Tioa ura9 
lkf>t due to the fuiHiun^. for it liml hillrji lightlv on tUL-sr; villajjCTt. 
Tho fln« sprfnpi ['orming ihe toutce of thoir m att*i'-&uppJy had 
not bc«n ukJitcriLihy aflcctcd by lim three veins' drought, but Imd 
continued Ui ^Ihl HiifI]L-it<nt to irngat'* x'Un vilhiL^tr hmdn hihI lo^j 
support the population. Tho line cauots aic ob^cnrc, VVithii 
thct recullculjoti of i\v'. yrahces&vts of ilii! prL^seut ftld^sL inlinbi- 




NvUm an th4^ ivMftTJt /ii&urz TVad"- 



IOj 



750 boi»e»; it bat now only Hw. Numc-roua kanau 
(uDd^r^^iind nAkr-conrr^dd), alm^jst ull itiLLCA or which are tio>v 
obliterated, HiipplHn<-iiti?[l tlut icijp|i|y frum iho iflrtMim. ThJa 
ileclino i3Day poaaibly be attnbiitcd to a lorj^ pc^'iod of iieglectt 
miH^irvi^rrrnir'iit, »iid mw\-iiriry; Init iUvm.^ ciuuow uliujo inwm 
iasafficieot For len ycim* tlio ijcnjilL' liaro eujoyed abftolul^ 
immnrnty frvtm TurkuinuiL jav^u^ and a Li^ut and tjxcd 
i'evetiue dorujuul ; imt iIilto liut bopii no |jrof>oi'tic>ijal iiicreft»e 
in ciihiy;Ltkoii ur jHipulaUoD- IJcUclt'iit wuEer-r^upply viouM 
abmi' 'TirBi-T' lo iimilnc^ tb? rc^stjlu vi^ibk, nikd tLt<r iliiftiii-nt^y 
may bo altributoblD uilbcr to a decline of uidLirttry or tu a^itnal 
tlerrcflW of nititralL The tatter liujt not ht^'n obiicrvcrl, hv<1 i« 
QOt admit teil; Lut tbo funncr i?t dtitnrovcd by iLi? lupucft ol th^ 
fieople, of ibeir d^f^llinuT* ntid ibtnr ilc^lda, uud tbc e^ii:Tciicr> 
of eat^ lEi bit*bamlinp and diet ribti ting the atnitublo supi ly of 
water. 

The people of San^baa and tbo mnor t^IIa^ca an?, Act*t3n1ing 
to their o^^n ciccotint, Uibcgii, bron^rbt from iJokEuira ut soaio 
long-ror;^utt''fi perind- pniliubly by Mabo:ned SlittilKiny, wliu is 
kno^vn lo i»a\o ir4in«rofTed a uumbei- of i'cnilL^iw to ISokhara. 
They iiirnl)er lOiX) bou«cN. utu}, ilmiigli kmivvu as Fxlie^ri, are 
now tindi^tinQiiiBliaMe in fG^jktiirca from tb^ Axjins or JVrsiuni 
4iid ibc KHnl* nnd Tiirkw. ^itli nboia tbi^y have mingW, An 
ascent of ib<* K oli-i-Bubur, a fow miles to ibe we«l of thp roul^, 
d^ordcda fau'vkwof nil tljo priiicifral passci user! I»y Uiu Turko* 
mans ua fur as Nunliii, di*Utit whiwu 20 miK'< TUt* mniL L'bitin 
of tbo Albhirz le for that ditiuaoo brokeu into low dlECimnoctod 
ridges, licturrn nliiob int^frvt-ne uido expna^i^H of rAviuc-t^left 
letuf^Landfi, KcUiiii^ but a liuo of ptruuj^ forW at abort ilii- 
Kt^ would fluHiLC to prottcl tbij boixloi* on the intrrior line, 
LI tbe onier line of uioutttaim or KuU-t-Acak h rnneb more 
connvrtcd and flJtlicuU ef acoos?^ aud it is proboblo tbut a few 
wvlbpluL-t'd pLi^U »o[]ld uiixvt lh» wbolo of Lbc interior uud 
fertile moimtain-ltucls. 

A-yoiid Xanliii the J'idgo rises ngain, and cxiiitinii^s in nii iin* 
U'okdu lino wi:^iitward. Tho Biibar Hidge has tlio same- ^eolo- 
gicalformatiooaH the JngdU) KimaUlndou tbeeuuth hidei of thi» 
ptttfiL Trap-mek pnKloniin^it'f:, tuA thf^iinrk iii4k i^nil ulT^idod 
by tbeoe cupporta a im^n- \\i\u otditijirily liisiinaut vcgt.'tilion> 
llio *• l>Aymft " or iinivrij^nfeil wi»fiit-crop-i on tin.* mi.viinljun* 
slopes verc particnlurly praisoi ; Ibo yield bciii^ 10 tt 15 
(old iQore iban in other piiit4. On tbi.' inxsn of Lfio laoiiiilain a 
few gi'unito l>ouU(?iH iijihcntcd Iho i^xi^tcnco of n ^olid hnto of 
pluloiiii: lock mjdpilyiug ilw lUioIc inii;;^. Tlic iioclb »b»ifOa 
showed limcsloDc ;iad tr»p3 of TiLiioUi colonic and teiEuiv, worn 



106 



Xapifh^U I}iar^ efa Your iit Kltarmsan, and 



doirn into easy slopes ; tlio sumtolt and pAstcro nloprs, for 1500 
feet, II dmy-gnsined slaty luirjiUtiine, wilL iinU<tinel injprf^raiona 
of foaAJI^JtolTfi iiud wry diatiuct rtp^le^morkf on the cl^MitTiago 
Kurfjvi\ Dclnw ihe SHndirtono ff4LM a nimtiim »f xiimn l(>0 fi«t*L 
of porphvritic c«uj;lonieml4>, undtrlyu;^ wbioli and tAoioj- tbo 
lonci tk-peft of tlif^ mouitaiiia vrev^ tlio mottled cUj'r ft&d 
ntMtU of tlie brightrst oolonr* in juxtAiJOKitiou^ wliiolt ;(ive io 
pictui^uu ftu aaufi^t lo tlie lower -ilope* of tin? opijosjto tmnse. 
A good (1«iJ of tflV* niw n»ixod ivitli ihij clt\v, uml btnl* cif [mro 
vhiW ^vpsuiTi, umcli Ui<fd by tin? viiUg-ora, wt^rc irciiueut, 
Tmp-roclcs Hmy^'ckloids ntiil frap-lufTs (Jtofted (■vtrywli^ri\ nmi 
oil Uio boJdc«t nnd racwt ]>roo]p]tciis spare wore oompoKnl 
L'litirely of lU Oil ihu Lute !ilo(iwi ijf iho mouuluun to the eaAt, 
tJici *rtm*> iiTmrg<*ment of rork wns apparont* Dork fl«>Anu of 
lra[>n>cU, lyii^ bctwc«-ii icrey niuL purplo inndstOQCA and 
ttioitted nkiiHs, abd i^rowniiiff low projecting ernns of r^d and 
ochroiM rln\*. Copper Jind lc*id oru wiid ti> hnvo born found 
on BoLur. but ftev»-f ivctrkmi Of the j)r<«eni;e tA the former 
tlif-ro wcro DUinoroua indications Xbo Lighcet ridgo of tho 
ULfmutnia riKisi to nbiiut TOUO f<H-L 

SOfA, Jajinn, 20 ntiVf^.^From Sang^hAs to Jajaraa is a dis- 
tAT]c« of 20 miles ovfir a level plEiio. Thd wil a liglt alhirium, 
highly impi'egiiQlcd with sull^ oikI but ioaulilv truvereLi vith 
the usTiiil Dcrbftgo of hucL ljtu>.T^, d^arf miTri'fS't and ^fi^fa ot' 
viLrioiiN kfndn. Stwn two or llireo ^nutll kLpringi^ nl iho foot 
of thci hilb, disiant tl\roo or tour uitk-s tu tlii> ri/i^htt ttioro 
U no potftblp wator. Tho mounds of njin*'J tsiuints hi-ni and 
there provu tho ^xisJineo ui formor lirn^i <4 vilbj^-r*> bat tbo 
irasU' ib now ubjiuduued to tbe "Goikbar" dnd guzeU« and 
iUl" Turkoman riLukrs, who liin-o been pir^bjiWy lht> mam in- 
strument la red ueing it Jo itfl pro^ieut -ntat*?. 'Ibo four pussea 
n«»t iiittid by tbe." Alflniflns"^ li-* In the right of tho ront^ 
Thtiy are wulchM cloHi^ly, Imt thi- poat uaii bu turm^d by maiij 
footiiHtl[8 lezidiog threi])-li the moiiiilaliH^ over wIii'l-Ii tiie active 
Tiirkoninn borsoji lind littltf difbcnlty in ecrambh^nf. Tho pOKts 
ajflo ntv nevL-r Hli'ong enough to oj>[*npi5 tlio panMige ot tho 
cnamy. Tho twi or three lioraem^n told off for tht? iltity CJkW 
^yjntui'ing out after sunride, i*-h[-u they are iwflured tho couflt U 
Hmilt, Uf Ki*nn*h fur ti-Hi^kw nlong th(» praeticable patbs. If iVeth 
traced t;t' liu? puitfagu* ot horsemen t^rr-- tonnd, a signal liro ia 
light^U thi:^ smoke of wliidi uariiH tho villn^^rs b»tuw to betaVe 
tbcinFiidvi-K with thvir t'attio to Iho neatcfit fort. 

The ivbole irtXiifi ns. far a^ Jajurm \n dntleff ^itli loiiall eainu 
marbin<; the spot nhore ^mr^ nnt'urtuoato bas lost hia Uf e in 
the Attempt to dofoud bm proprrty or his liberty* For many 
raontbg past, however, the road bat been as aaiie a* roads in 




iVber* on the Btnt^n AAurz Trarf. 



lOT 




Portia usually ftrc Small parties of thie\'c:« Itirk nboiit iht 
1iill-«kJr1ii> hut tlie extensive ravages of fonoer vi^ara hnve 
eeucd. Bfrtivoon tho Knh'-URnhnr anrl Ktih-i'OliuUnh, ^cbi^h 
lie* to tbe went, i* fho euAic^At uiii iqimiI iiMid |iavi Ir-jidiiij; fr*mi 
tb<T l^ibnt 'i-A«k in tho SbaoghAn V«llpy. Jt has a «iprtzi|7 of 
Vite vbich cn^Urvt th^^ mitkr^ to mnku the iliictJUiod to tho 
Jdraq sjiriDg on the bi^li roart of Kliovftf^vnii, over 40 milea, in 
<«iw stretch. Beyond tho Kiih-l-i^hiitiah, tthioh ia stoop luid 
tQ^gMJ, auJ ni«H Cu 2000 4>r 3lX)0 tW<l in 1i4.'i^lLL iiIhito tbft 
plain, U A long: low nd^t? kriown as tho Timp^jih, over whioh 
iLre llirrrt eii^y |inssi*A — tlit? Onlbiui, Tium-i-Gaii, mjd Gmlor* 
i-Knh»iar: \Teat of the rid^ iho fort of Jajarm and a lotty 
moiiatajn to the w<»t ol tbo fort cloto the road for many 

Jajaroi i'b a aniail Ftm^fflin^ tonn oi' 100 hons<?e, lymf; in 
tlie i*iiiitb-u<!*t fvjnii'r of the Iiifrmyhi Plnin, Tn lb" north 
Ap© ridf*<ia of th© nifliQ range, to tbo west, two miles diataut, a 
ragged offshoot of that rang** known bb tho Kubbabn. Tfm »iti? 
being sa^fr<-«tcd lu poviiibly that of Heoatoupylo^ tba Parthian 
<:apital. 1 tuijk some troublo to ucortain the cmatenco of nay 
ruins fir iintiqiiitiM^ In the ccntro of thri town in ima af the 
hipU cirtiukir mouud.-t, »o froqnontly met witii in northern 
KlioraJSKsn, eunncnTit'*ii hy tlin niinn of n mud forf, of no VQiy 
ani3Joiit dfttc. It br^nm iho nam<) cf Ali Vtrdi Khan, tbo lint 
chief of the Oemili 'PiKirks Kittled lu the t^utitry, A Hinall 
ImnnDxadn, lying a milo to tho ^iiulb-oa4t of tbo walU, cotitains 
A touib covrri^d nilh Inr^r blue tllea. on whjc'h arc veitiiw from 
th*> Kc^ran ; near it are the ruins uf a tmall utim^ building 
api:KLrfnlly of <]nite rerent dntr;* but anid by tho |>oopli: to bc 
oMi^r tban the town. For some TnileK to the south the ground 
id oovf-rod with fraipnocts of irnndl ri^d'bnrb And biiio^lazod 
liliK^ iuilktiting \]m »\te cf nut? of llie tiiwuB foiindc!^ aftrr this 
Aiab oooQpatJOD, to \rhi<rh also the [iL?cnliar fonn of the modom 
naini^ mImo pnints> FiinJirr Ut tin? i-ii.fl ari^ tUr^ rniu^ 4if two 
mnd foru raiaed on mounds eimikrto lliai within ibe tovD, 
luTtDg nothing to mark their as^c or origin ; thTco milos hi tho 
llcrth*Wfikt IH u *Umf fort [-nm'Tuiig a low iwilateil hmtaltniti roek, 
in i*tX3d ptvnervt*tion. and a|>panoully of modciu o-uAtruction. 
Thr rock within the ivulU in pirrrxMl liy k MJuilt to n ileptit of 
about 100 foot, from which, it lit «aid, & vammiinication oxiitta 
with the villflgo of Garira^ half a mile to the weiit Thut the 
exGaviLtioD wom noTtr of ftfl'* aa a w^U waa flvidont from tho 
remaiua of a ijuinlffr of bir^e earthen veHST^b budt into tU« foot 
of the outer wall, whit'li could only hnvo l^^^pn provided mt 
rt'Coj^taclpR for 'torin^ waton The only cointt kuovn to havo 
bo0Ei fouud are some silver pieces stamped (it is said) on one 



108 



XapicrV Diarff t'j'a Ttmr in A'Aorinuiiit, aud 



viifi Willi tliv ueiml iru(cri|)tiuii uf tlu? " K lint J Ait/' od thft (tiiier, 
wjth the uaoia of lie city of JfjariD. Then? at^ tio visible 
Imcce ofroittBittfl other tlinu ibo^o ofo mndl tcvn of t!io period 
of Arab oi^ciitifttjon, ilie dUp^raiou of trngmemta of maaoiiry lo 
so grcjitH jL uu^lancc bcin:,' ikcooimtcd for by tho fact that the 
|itum Tx Ifiilh* lo uM^Mrti itiLimliiiiiiti fnitii tluf mountiiiii?* U> tin- 
north, 'D^ii ihu prLJ^iit |x>pulatitji of Jajarua. 4.0Q f&iniii^Ft 
K only li rrnin^tEili Iji rli'itr Irciin \\\*^ gtrnt rxli'-iit 4>f tho oM 
walls; in liio tinie of Sudir Shuh Itoro wero aojoe 500O 
fomitiee. mid ua late m the ivn^ o1~ I'liltelt Ali f^hah, tktc town 
ftirDtHhi>d 2(10 mt'n to thn rc^im^nt known a* ihn I^jaJibaT'i* 
Arat-o-Ajam, Jts licclino is attribnt^^d dntircly (o iho IVlto- 
mniiH, whti, nftrr tlm dtntl] of Nadir, iWnKlat^^d tbfi Liimntry, 
Ji-rttrovin;; ibo iin^utioii wtjriirt, bv vvl»i«b ou!y ko Ur^fo a popu- 
taliirii cuuM haro Ijl'ii-u umiiitHiiiei!. The moiiikd« ot uiiineruua 
kunntA, now <lry, Kurroiitid thtf {'ultirfttcd nivn. WitU tbd 
W4tL'r-tU|»jly at ibo piv^K^iil tuiii.' (n^iiaUf, tL« cruja tat^ef) are 
itjia[f!3oi<'Tit t'c>r riio inhnbiinnls, u-bo im]>ort l^rgt^ly inan Sliab- 
lud and Uie Gurf^ii I'Uin.EtnppLvino: in c1CcblLIl£^1 -uill I'btuiucil 
from the W;»ter of the Kwl Shor, ft bririy lilream ilowin^ throtig-H 
tbo plain to the aoiith. 'J'ho (canTy revpnuo of iho "* BqJiik " 
of (bur vilbiges — Jajurnit nurina. Iver, mnl Diirra, of iu all 
701) tjuniliws — is cniirely d^votM to the mnmt^nanc^ of lOU 
!iorit'iit«a for border duft.'uoi?. Thi?*? are, to a grent t-:itc-nU 
iDoiintcd by the llkhnm of I3tijnurd, who relies on th^in to 
hold thi? [ui^uii nortli of the tcwn- Their number ib* hoirovcr, 
wholly infiuIHoitnt, and Ihi^y &t« ivt liiiifid L>otap^1l4-d to ^lilntaa 
hcIpIcN-ly tbc pitaHtgo and return of bauds of raidcre ladca vritlk 
buuty ami pn.HiHitTM, 

2l«r /v»r, 7 t^ijT^,— From Jajarm to Sbahrud there &r€ tffO 
roiitrs; thnt menially taken by caravaM »kirtfl tbo ionth of 
Kuhtiiba and (^roa&i-a a b^irreii uattTk^iM plain, pav^in^ wiihia 
4 few lailoa of jUaiamai on tho nmin road, and llirougU 
Bu^tiim : lliLM IK tliiT Iong(*r but tht) *ni'vAi TonU\ ThtMilttTriiH- 
livo routo liofl lo the north of KuhWba, croaaing tbo lowur 
f^punt lit thr Timiii rangtv It brut iiiTve^r, sti Wit at> iit knonn, 
b»eu Imv^ilod by a[iy Europi:au< L(?aving Jjijarm with a 
fuQiaicnt o^corU t tnaicbod to Iver. ditlaui 7 ini[eH, tbenct.* Ut 
N&tdln, said to be 3t^ njjle^; ibu I'ojntry k nnlnhnbittK] nnd 
constantly trnvcreod by '' Alamtindn" At present thi< road Jd 
ei>]]i]Hirucivi*Ey safe, tht» Yiminl* hnvlnc thpir ntt^ntion fnlly 
ongu^ed by tbo Kusfiitins and Ibo IV'Tetian tiovcmor of Antia- 
buii, who w bidiliii^^ for their favovir, Iver is a stiiall village of 
70 or ^0 houe^^^ lying iu broken groundi on Ibo AitiB of tho 



21tul. A'cin'f 1, 26 miia$^ — Maiobed to NardiHi 26 mtle>t 



I 
4 



4 




I6oi9i 001 dte Eaalrrtt Allurx Tract. 



109 



main t&D^^ 



^.. bniren naterl^as vjil]3y8 dJvidi&i; X\\e f^piit^ <*{ Uio 



from those of the Kohb&tm. The enmmits of' 
the l«w IiiIIm on t'llh^t side wre rormts) of n }iij(h1y cTynfftlliiii* 
while linio^toDo, tho lover elopc-e of tnottJod marU mid <:'lfi}fi; 
vr'j^fitnlinn in Almrul tiilirply wiiiiting, 'l'h<? Mirfn*'^ uf fh« 
Tati«yi4 Ijob a ttiin cov^ritic of vnrlt^tiea of ealeoIiL aurl LiicTuy 
licrbfi, «nd llio ninglc cmring of ii"»tfr is of a briiiT sfLtlut'^K 

Nutdin, l\\^ eUii-'f lillaR^ of iho " Btluk *' or 'Chit-r.liip, li^* 
m a amall plain surrouD'Icd bv bigh moutilaisg to ttio iiorlb 
ruin]* to H ooDKtdi<niUE? tli-t^tiuii^ mid niih driitf» for<r#L To 
the Aorth-co^t thfi'o is a doprea»Jon katlitif!: t(» tbt* f1^rtil« 
|)1al>.\<u:i of Kjdjia.^fi, D^i^hl^ »n(l l'iiigiifiml«r Ortim*!, arid 
llifliico to ihe lank of tUo Gurj?an pbov.^ llio jjortri^, throngli 
iviiieh it I'lit^is the plaiu, SonlWik«t thi'ie i« a Huiilac dej>niri* 
fiioai, Ihruugli vbiod |his« h-uiiU \i* M*-g<'K and GiUn on tlie 
Aii't of tliL* BuHlf^rti Plain, fltid tb(^iioo to Astnibivi aud Uu^^taut, 

Tbe ]>jL«in <<.LinuinK oiin witigUf rill^^i^ riml ihut, h. Tr<>Te Tniid 
£ortv with a fe^v pLrdeui. i'hc soil i^ itvUla eiiuu^h. tut the 
wupfdy of water i» limilefl tu twi» vcantv ttpriikpi. No ilotibf, 
Willi a nunioir^Tiit outlay, tho n'bole bairn inigbl bo brought 
nndr?r auUivatiuu. 

2>f/i. Kanc/ii^ W mHcsi. — MarHiod fr[>ni TLilbin down tho 
TnlW of Nowdch to Kftai'lii, orna oi' four batnlot^ Jcnown col- 
lecti\t'iy 8s I'orsijiTi. The villfige liej* in a glen doun whieh 
lioivs a siib'tTibntJtrj' strcutn. It has 1^0 hgiJBce ond a guod 
4ri*t<^b of ric^luiid itp ntid down tU^ valley. Tlti< rineniu* i« 
pAid to tbe (^tovernment of A^tmbml tbrnu^h Mirsn AUuh Var 
Khnn t^irlifi^ of thr Anlnibad Hv^niiii'nf^ (iovrmor of the 
Buliih. The people. Cboitgb liyinj^ in a nurrorv iieul-tip 
\alk-y iibuadnntly natrted, ond ^ro^iiig Jilth bal rice, ano 
tfOJ, robust, and ]ie^thv*lor>kiLt^, in eiory i^'^peot u 1bi*r Wk- 
in^ nice tlum tbe iiihabjtanu of the dry highlaud ^knri uboiit 
Jiardin. Tbey iiri* *>f Tark iitij^in, iitid tp^ik that lungimge 
amoik^ Lhwn-ilviM. though all know Torsiau, Tbcir tistcd 
rev(*nn^ ia only 2'} khunvars = 21ZS niJiiindH Iiiilian, aiid iidtied 

I in cABii at li> to 1^ toDiAiis, U«s chau utJC"t(.-rLlh nf the gro>^ 
ppo«Ince, lliej*. howoyerj comiJain^xl ttiach of i]k*]|ful rxii*?- 
tion^, Thfiir [jtsition **«'itn?s their immiimiy from 'I iii'koma,ii 
raid*, ftuil th^y kmiw tbi^m ouly by frirjjiUy inl^^rconr^e, Frmu 
Tulbiu the valley falh xTry rn]k]<]ly, the iitoiiDtaiii ilofv* on 
either hand ending abniptly in ru^^^god precipices. The pUoj 
and rnria^a w^^iHiin^' the hill-*ii.W an.» elothi.Hl with juniper 
ia & height of WJi) to ^^OUU I'vet, above which is a dcniic foitMt 
of io.iiU elm, iwk. and nmple. Thr vjilltv i?* hir th-- ini«t 
part pl«iM!]y und carefiilly eullivated, the fiold* hi*in^ ean^fnUy- 
ti<i.niL'tfd foV irngfttiou, and fenced with f^niclv-bet hcd^is uf 



110 NatIEK'* Diary qfa T^ur in Khorauan, and 



thoim and btumblD, or vtitk reed w&lla ottd b&nk& Erety ua- 
tilf<>iJ suot ]F»<'/>vi>nt(1 witli a rtregrowtli orbrankblffHndBcniKnii 
indication of tlitt |)TOximity oC tUo CdHpian (^nd iu moiKUirv- 
WUo iiLuit>i|i1ii?T«. I'le ricl ccltnun <>f tbu hiUnidr-'i itdJ mueh 
to tho atlrwilinm of ihi.^ litn» i^'vtifry of tli<i valJoy. l-onp elopes 
of Willinnt icd ^lay Allrnmt^ ivllli darker litiLca(oii<^H acd jtond* 
gUtDea. tind trap-rockE, of fanla^tio fonnft and varied coloun, 

{"ut out from rvcr>' npnr. l-Wr milos from Tnlbin lic« tho 
kiT^'r vHiHge of (liiuushk, bi^'L np on titt? Irfl of tbH >«lley. 
Tbo mail) r*wfl to Hoslam lios tbroneh the valley, and boyood, 
tlirougb ibt' vilbi^t^ i>f TilUvrr, iUJU ovi^r ii iiigb p*^^, i> tlur 
pLuiD of tLe KbusbeyoiCak Motmudiia. The 5i|>jiu SaLor'n thirty 
gODB were draggcil over thin, luid later a battery of the Shali^ 
«j(cort. It mn. hou^rer. bave be^ no «iwy U«k, And comld 
hitrdly b« attempted in the faoe of as aotiV6 enemy. 

26th^ T't Nowdffhf 1& viitfji. — From Knn<*hi b gooci pnth wmda 
thron^b tbe valln'y to Nowdob. Tho defile i» ci>on f^r 10 or 
II miW htid cultivated wherever tba wiDdingK of tbe Htream 
loaTo a JoveJ npuc*, A few iuU«« nhova Nowdoh tbe hiJUcloeo 
irij tbn bniil&.t of tbe Htreani rise, and n htinvy forext jnlw Ui» 
defile, extending up to tbo cii:^ti4 of tbe bills and down to thd 
clooringe of N<i*rirli. TLe tree* are obicfiy oldor, eak. ftyoft- 
nioTf.^ aiid elm. At Nowdeh tbe valley expauiU. and opoiu 
into the Gargan rUtin. A low ridge, wirmountcd by a tomb^ 
li(-jt lit. tb<' tnontb i>f tli(* vidley, and fonru* a musct iiivaluablo 
wateh-towor for tho vi Holers, 'i'he plain beyond, for mftny 
milfM^. IK covr^ri.^d with m'jittj^rrd juitiinrN of forest and dense 
<ian(^bra1coB, lhN)iiKh which lead narrow paths to tho od^ of 
tlxe open pruiric, on which lie the TiirkomaD " oUihs/' Nciwdtrh 
IK A Uigo vilUgt^ formed of thrte detaobod hamlets, in all 
SOU houjw. Tbe level prouDfl in the valley la clnnu-A jird 
closely eilltivftt'-d, Imt di-uw? fctn-vt <'nrii^:^l<w the eleariop;, 
meeting ohov*a und bi*iow it, (Uid forming a m«rt effectual 
Imrrief. Iiehicid which tbe fillaget^ rest secure froni aiiy attach 
by their neigbbotittt in tbe plain. They aro lino, active meD* 
widl armeil,niid ^oud foreaterii, find more than amatrh on tht^r 
own ground for <iiiy num*H.T of Turkoroflrm, Their house* oro 
bnilt of Ciine, pluitcid iutu a timbtr fnimc, open in front, and 
without fire-pIoOT, Thi* opi^n fnijit ii^ closed at tii^bt by a 
curtain of split tiiino-worlt. No bt^ttcr ehcltcj is, they aajr^ 
ii4ici*]iHirv, for lbt< wint^■^ 14 short iiud mild, 8riow fallH, bat 
U<iA for at most twenty-four hours. Tbe summer is hot and 
unhf.'aUb^, mnUriouK Irvor being very prevalent. The village 
U ono oi «iity-lhree villogoe of the Jfobsar Fiiuleriak Bolnlt, 
all lyin^ on the flank of tbe Yomut Turkoman country^ but 
Ntill more fn<e frtiru ravage than the distant villagee o& the 



n 




Xvk* ^n t^ EiAitfrn A&^z TVte^f. 



Ill 



•iilo of th« main mi^e. Ijio foreat i^ of course, tlio nuun 
soun^* ot |li<»ir hilM}', but fli«y haro al*» u gwhl arganuatton 
for doit'ucc Th^Tto ore fiftooii vUJugM in tJii; vidlcy, nil near 
^lUiougli Ut su|iport (tocb otlier, &iii\ i^mmimicut^ E^itlier by ^un- 
~ ot or ug^Al-firos. Thoy can coUiH^t, in tj^otn tbr<io to four 

rursy lUOu mi-u, nil Amii^J witii jwrviLxiible ^n\i% aud, Li li 
Cortain oxteni, orgEintsoLl, for tLoy ar^ pai^l n auiu euflicieut to 
CDoblo them to kwp up tlicir oquipnujnt «n<i jmpply *^f am- 
monition, an-l are JLCCiutoine^l to i^ork iojj;ether in partit.-^ of 
^rtr to forty as euArdi* o«cort4, ^c. ; kuon ing cTcry pntli in 
the tov^si^ and liaving gr«at <KintlUi.^mro in tlii.<-jj' own ]Mkn< r to 
EQoct any oiicniv on theif ovD ^roand* Uioy wauld bo ionniJublo 
over Ui a tlUciplincJ foice, NowiicK grown rlconud HluTal^Hiid 
a little Q<iiii>n : of tho Jint, lar^^e <)uan1itie» aro ^xpoirted to 
KhorassaN. Tuc people har^ tt Iriuiitic^Q tliAt at some remote 
period tbi? Ca*pian covered tbe plaiu, rtiiiubg into.UiA ra]I<n: 
and roniLLu;^ a ^mall bay. aluug i\i<t nhoms cf ^vlijch ivas a tbnwt 
of datiMiiilmg; tlio TilUgr^>: tm i^illn^r ud» of l\w. bny uii^l to 
comuiLniiouto by boat^ an<l bad nu vxt^n^iro trwlo ncroon tbc 
era. lit tlkOFie timt« iIlov p^iii.! Ji n'Toruir of 12,000 tomaiia, 
tbo prodni^> of iho mIo oi duu^x Tbct muuntikini voro bare of 
forv^lp the prvFH-ut deUM- ^tuwlJi of de>cjdiju(|A trtnai baviu^ 
sprejul pfradtially from tU« wcrI-* Tim ti-uditioii is Tflry <ninoufl, 
and, <-oii[drH] WLth tbo ni^tuul pre»encro of tlu^ dntcf)abn at Bari, 
cannot \w ejiaily rejected. Tho muuth of \\i& Nowdeh Gieu is 
still calkd Iho D(Wti;i-i-Khurmiilii {khurni<* beme: roisan for 
a datu-triii^i, a t'airt in ilaelf nuggisitivy. tbou^U to U? aoeuuul^jd 
for, a» it may bavo ite origin in tUo ciianoo protionoo of a single 
fpodmiTii. Tbo vilJogn payn now a tov«mitt of 200 kbanrai'sof 
riccy tbo produiM> hAa^ in faroarbille years six to ei^ht tinK^s 
tbftt rtinauut. Wheat i* moio cultiTairi tbau forHinriy^ and 
want of ^ot>(l roads and security nltjce prevents tbe inereaae of 
tbe pn>dtJ<;tioti of cotton. 

In ttt4» vfhobi rjLEigft uf tbtr Alburn^ Jit>iu Tdi^mn to tbti HtTrnt 
Bivi^r, tli-jru M Du point at wUich tbo chain could bd ao readily 
crowed, by oitlier roail or mLlnmd, js (in tlu? liito of the Noivdeu 
Vallor. Up to tbo vUbif^e of Tulbia tho valley ia opon e&ouffli, 
] Ihfi ^'radienLii ejuy ; ibonco a low rasy pa^ Lea4d to &>g 
tardin ilatoau, from wbeno>^ ^ritber Jajarm or Mai&mai might 
be Kecbed withont crossing utiy dilllcult tx^untry. TbcTo in 
no oUier line offeriEg anyihinf^ lik** Himilnr tA(^ilitios. C-oal 
cf good quality htks iJreody bocn found in tbo mountaiiu to tbe 
ffe«L 



* Hy iiifannAnE aIb ftMOftAd Ihnt Ihn N^ovdeh ttrram hod in thao daya ft 
Rwnattiiu 



112 Xapicu** Diartj fi/a T^ur in Kltorassaa^ and 

27iA. To Jtavimnt Vl wiVm, — lifzirHMMl in BumtAn, u liirg« 
vilTofre of 400 Louaes, V2 niiloB vsost f!^>ni NovtdoK lying in El 
pinti pnrlojH*'! liy iwo for(*1-*^i\rnH] "jnir* nf tlii* KliiiHhyrilnlc 
Moui^tAin, Tbc road lion for u mile or two tlir<fi);;li M ahar- 
in;**, mergrovfci: \villi cane-brakes and deu»i7lliicket«orbr&iuble, 
mfttW ivith niM \iiie fltul wiM lion; bt-yoiul nitU armind Iho 
dcarinj^ i^i a ln-avy fort-^l ot'oid^^tmu nnd Le^cb< Tbo villa^ 
U ft Inrgp ono, mid r«ii fiiru ml fti'itn 7(K) In WJO nnniMl men, 
includiuf: IhoBt* r»f tlie oullyiii;^ bumlolH. As ut Ntjwdeb, tlie 
villttgeTft liave liltte t« ft'iir fmrn the Tui'koinHn*, for a bolt of 
four or fivo milvii of forert qjuI cino^bnikc cfToctunllv |Tn)1<<«lf( 
tht-in ; 11 (evk- head of cattle are at fiuiea iJriveu c^lt, ^lid ibc 
hGrdanori capturrd; Lul tlik i* not of fr^*]!!^!!! orcurreiu'o, and 
tlicro ia ft goc^l dtal of fritfiidly irtoitoiirse, buying and iirlling 
of boreee, nttd ptr^lijingn of in ntuifn^t Tires, I v»ii awnred by 
Iho Nnyob^ or Governor of (ho Ikdtiic, that thv Yormits tlic 
"Cfmmurn," or cultivatiirH, were ijnJIe inflftK'ii to i.»eoome 
pcaccflblfl Eobjccta of ilit* ShMi^ nnd that (ho few robberies tiiut 
iwiMim-d vero cbnr^ttble to a fnw bud clmnu^fj^n*- ivho were 
well knoAvn, 

2Sih. To KafuJt "22 mifc*.— Mi^rrhed *Iiorily after daj-lireak, 
\i\\h a stron;j piunr^l. for Fiodtrisk nnr\ Kflliib Cleana^ xhi.' 
glcD of ISamuin the road lav for eotm; miicB Ihron^b wHc 
t'lt^Hringx, iknfiiia^ on tu Lbe |dairi, on wliicli, a <'oU[>b* of fniU'i4 
distftntj but ItiHden bv tall cano-brakcs, wci'O tbe ''obaba*'of 
thi^ Yomiit " Cbhaturs.^' At Fimlr-nsk tliiT piiard wa* r.hangiil, 
and A Ualt of a t^uuplo of hours eoobl^^d mo to gee ctomothiug 
of the jiiclurMunc vilU^c, whirh nt ft iJi.Miiiicc: Itxjka liho ft 
rambUug oolloctioi; of old barns, ovL-rgrowii wiib nude tropical 
ye^iC'totiou. A closer inspection, however, showed that thert? 
WJ1K rtinrh nrcTt^r mid ri'^umrilv iu fin* ilinptisitinn rl' (lie fanriH, 
and an ulinoet Chiticae r^j^uWity and noalnoaa in orderia;- 
tb).i jirHihcJ* of ^rach little hoiiiestcjifh T\w cciit.ro builiJing 
iM usually of two sloHi*, the whole, to iho top of the tiled, or 
morn commonly thatelied. roof, aot more than 15 to 18 feet. 
Tho walU, fmniHci witli timber, are ft>rmr<I rif ncatly-wov^n 
caiic-work. jtWlT^red iuf*idewith mud. A wide eavo or verandah 
ninK round thi* fMir Mrs, forrrung a covered anil well-j>ri:»t^?t^d 
balcony for winter or w'0( weather use. A thntoh-nK»letl room, 
raUed 2o lii 30 feot from tlio gn»uj;d on |hw1k, m u?*ei3 m wum" 
m«r as a filoeping-pluoo by tho family. Tko advantiigo of 
ftloppiu^ wtdl above the ground in the ft*vrr a?RA4m itf^ fully 
wcogniaed, nnd the j^nople, even when wurking or Luntinp; at o 
diatjin<Tc from the vdla^e< cdirays adecl *omc convenient irtc, 
or make a nest raised on pok-isoiuedistuiiev abovt- tbj giouad: 
tiicse wero visible in oU the forest clearings, oflen like bii*o 



Natu on the MKUttrn AWurz Tnxt, 



n» 



feiRbT neato, lo ^intor th« loft or ]ilHiriirm is nW ak it rrr- 
Mptodo for coltou, tilU, &c. FluDkiiifc t1)» faru-huuse are 
Qdually two or tTiroe loi^}; bdniB, wJlb timW po^U anil walls, of 
tL« kitiij viilffurly tcuim'n luc " nuttlfMUuUlHiiU-" 1''h<'.1i ^il' f Ueoe 
luw a pftdd^H-k, wJiii a neut fooco of split tJODC ; Iho siraw- 
rif-'kn itra i*i<l) rmiKtMl froni tlit' f^roiinrl on rro^-lienmiir rmd hi 
ft corner of rh^ i^uelottiin.- »hiiid tliruL' or tour ici^aulio bAvioU 
0h»{K^] bji^kcts, pWlertd iiibi'.le wEtL mud. iu ^^hicli vthc&t 
ain.l rioe ure storx-d. Em'h (iiu'lostir** Uiw iiw grgiii* <tf omn^tv 
trrcs, nl*> railod in. nxiil a fi-wi riur*, Lfsivini; lUmiau, a 
ridt* of 1 1 mil4u tbrouifU miirt and boavj raiiu brv>tJght ii« to 
iCatul. 

2i'^i. ^M^mA'if/, 25 wtZiu, — Mar^-hed from Katul to AsTrabad. 
Tbo ixjud, Ij'inK ior tlio moet port tbtvuiirb ttn ojjcn pliiin, within 
£j){1il uf (be VoHLUt "olmJis," is I'niHid^ri'd vurv <!imgi^njim. 
numitbHtAndinir Hi^it ibs YomntA arB subject, anA living, «od 
atllivAting witbiit rt-uch of tlic nipiinl of tbc pn^vincc TJmt 
tbe country vh^ really ioflecure W£.s evideat^ tor \\t^ villagers 
0iQVc(t about in Jjirec parties, wcJl armod, and the plou^limcn 
vtre a£ wtirk witL fTK-Lr rillHi oit tht^ir baf^kM. Thtt VomuU are, 
in tact, mAstcte of tlie country; tbt^ir nomiaal aUegianoo is 
liiifiil aL tilt? i'.ml of l)i<* iiiiforiatmtj< pmuuLDtr^r. Any atlina|il. 
coeroQ Uif-ni. if made in euffioiont iovnoy ^touM bo aneivored 
tluNf rcrtiremcnh beyond the .Vttak into Rnssian territory, 
~«ottno TO wbieb iho Femiaia uuihoritiort xiii? very loth to drive 
lliem. A guani of d(iy men. tJiirly moitnted und armed, escorted 
tiuf to Nowdidi. wbuiu^n a frtxh ^uard ttMjk ini> tu AMlralutd. 
Tho rood lay for tho moH part tbroui^b a imiRuificeot pork-liko 

SZaio, fTXt*3)ding from ihv fool of the* hllU To tbi^ (tiirgan 1tiveT« 
iHtuBt 8 to 10 mika. Tht? vil]»^'i!S, low aud far botwceo, a» 
BiirroiuidL'd by a goud fctivtcb of i-icu and whtnt eultiriitiou. and. 
in piftco of the mud wilU of Kboms^iui, tiw dofifiidtMl by wot 
dltcii^ bzuiked by tail hedgue of tboru aud biier; tbe cJuBl^ra 
of tluUobc^ cw\K' hut«> burictl in n luxunuiit vog^fbition, glvi* 
4hom a t^fpical aspect, a ud there s& litile, «iVO the Hiie men 
and ibn llrie eAUl<? in the famiyiitrdtf, to diatingTiJHh niauy of 
thi^[n from ttio foro^ banalvtif of Br^ngal or the I>o4*c<aii. Att4>r 
M^rr^ii or ri'^lii WK!<'«HBivft crop»- vfUh a yiold of from iii\y to 
^reuiy fold, a wn^le «ea«oti'« fnUow ii^ alV'Wod, nml nothing m 
ev^rittiimed totlir land In thcHbap«of oiimurc A ^tiodtlcal of 
eotton. of a very Htne quality, is raised for the HiHsinu mjiikel. 
On approoebing the town 1 wa-* received by a party sent by the 
G«»v<*rm>r t*t uwui me^ iun\ oiidui^tt^d to ttut* of tlu* best, lioueieii 
in Ibo town, aocurixl for nie by the Jlriti^h Agi*Dt* A tclegrauj 
(n,ni tliP.i Miuihler of Foreign Aftair* had procured for m« u 
gojd ri*oeplion, 

VOL. XLVI. I 



in Nafibi*« -D^cry e/a Tintr in Khonuaan^ ax^ 



K«d Byad xliunad, whom I Jiad AerU to ti»it fi>f me, hug 
rojnIuM m*\ \mxij\^ impirovifl inoNi sMilinialr Uio opportti* 
niti^ of ^tQing iDtcpnnation <tf mt^teeC a« to tlie stale of tli& 
r^juintfT Jinc) p(*nTj1>< that hW Hlity ill ihn toim bad given buu. 
Hu\m^ bctn tAKcn no Dctice of by thti ciilhonDR* on hiir^^ 
lUTTTal. he WA« able to commuDicate iiton* rn-nly triib tb^^H 
people tljun w^mld otli^rwbo b«Te t><;on p<J8sibl*. ' His know* ^^ 
l^J|fc of Ix.ili lb* Kiircpcan and ibof Dstivc nuKlc of Ireatmvni 
of thf^ frriliitury Eiilmruta of c)ii* cmmiry iil«o o|)i»iiod tDttnr 
ddor* to liini, 

'rin' SahilM-lkLlinT, Go\oni*ir nf Afttntljw.?. Siib-rman Kban 
Afohnr, vi*itcrtl mf in Ifw afti-ni»ou- Ho i» an clderljr m*a, *ln> 
lirzH sfirrrd the Gor^^rumenl in difTfrenl rapiii-itii« for DDany 
vear& and stands high in rnvour wiib ib^i Shah. He pt«miutly 
neM tbc govi^rnmMil 4if Ki rniau^bitb. AvlrAbed ii (\)fiiiii)««<| 
A most diffionlt and ri^np-miHbl* |XW, 

1«/ Df^f'tbrr. Aatrsih/ii. — Vjrfitrfl the Himian C^ji.%u] wid Uto 
fifivcmfir. Tlie former Ijan a ifood limiaF, with A TftTy Jina 
sai^eii. tl»c proppHy of IVnsiati, bnt lonant^ for a ioaig tioio 
bv tb^ Riiiuinii OirTLHidat^, nnd Hlt^nf] nml tmpTored to salt 
tAoir tjt«te, ^J 

iDp^, with re*l-tiW rooft, and loti^, pfojjH'titif: ^avra. fT^^ing « ^^ 

|i«podfl'!ike appearance, sarroundiri^ ihiev or twir large cotirt«. 

At the ptiTi* of tho outer ^-onrt werp diflplay«l the itrttlkry of 

jtJic proTinre — w'vl-u liglit brji^ tit*ld-gmiM. 'J*hc iuutr cuyrt u 

ilofitr^ ivllli fine orange-lrecw, and nateri'd b) a vtnnll tOnntru 

bv a cooplr of vm fc^.blc fonulAin^ from u-hitrb flow«?iT 

;ittiiddy Mtr^'iimli^x Tlii; DewHukbdiLn nml oUn-r n|vir1mentR oii 

rono 0id<^ cf tlie <<«inrt aro \Atc^ and lofty* and ^v^lt fumub^rd. 

'hr flfirf'mor and his bod, tfic Pr]>uty*OovornGi-, receirtMi mo 

with tniich coiirfffi^. Tbff wnvftsauon, ftflcr ilifiruiQinf* ih^ 

lalHit Kitrnjirrii) news, turned on llje state of tlie ptwinc^. 

Thtt Governor »«lid. I believe with Initb, ihat during biK liv« 

tenure tbrrc bjkd >m<cii a marked improvement in tli© 

ity of th* road*, and of tb*' vilU^es on tbe bon!pr, an<l 

ft^ inoretkie of trnd© ftnd pfi^iilatjon. I sboHfcl be inrHned, 

BVfT, to (rtfrfbiilf liip first t*r i\u- rxU*T\i»l presaiirf* fin iin> 

piTindcrinp Irilfl-s. nnd thn sei-ond to T>ip ini migration from tbr? 

mmiiL'^-Htnrken dinTrirtH during the fnniinf-. He refprn-d T(*ry 

kiitiotiBly to tb« pn>f^-wdin^* of his nei^ibbour* on ibo CospioD, 

l)n1 [ifrtrm»*<l tlwt tie Ir^ct tliey bad occupied, or (Winmr-nrfd tr» 

oc^tipy, on tbf* OnJ<p"nn wns utterly wortbtpH« to tlj^ni, boiof- 

inea|>aUo of supporting nuy inr^^ jiopulwlion, the ti'ibcft Acit:«w 

the Atmk bi'bjr dcficndenl oti ihi^P^r? on llie Periian sidii for 

thoir grain supplice, save in y^fire of very i?xcq)tionfll luinfall. 



4 

4 




Nittfg on tha Eatt^m Allt^rr TVcr/. 



115 



I 



ij^lii fiti a grval ilivil, but llirt iioimtry riHcit nipidly a 
noo from llie livfir, iiud w*ouId not uosilv b^* watorod 
by fVinulA. TIk' maw of thi> Voiiiut^t h^ oonJtitVroi!, wmild 
become pcac«?ublci subjecU of Pi)»iri, luA were Alr^dv giving 
up their roving Labjtfl, Fi>r two y^Jirs tUey had not visitod in 
large numbers as nma\ thmr inimmer^uftrleK on tb* 
on, and ivere turning tEietr attcrutjoa totb&K^aBaUchaTJ, 
or 1o\rr*r rsng<^ between the Atrak lutd Gurgan, whtrre ib«<r9 
waa amjtto piutuiv. 

Mi. Kurd MohiiUa, IC mi/ttt. — Mnwhed la Kurd Molialla, a 
Urge TjUihgi.t of fift)- to eizty bousi>j in the li^iluk of AnaciLii. 
The village in tbe Inrgi^t iti thi^ part of ttie |iniiriucc! ; it covr^rit 
a very ^reat extent of proijiid, *^ach family having lU aeparate 
boaifstftndn with barns and puiJdock? ii<-iitly f':iic<*d» After ca* 
trringlLe Tillage. lliifLy-livc-miiiulea passed in winding tlirough 
dtx\* narrow latii?E% pnAsiLg atackyards, orchards and tnnna« to 
the iuinsT! provi^lf^cl for my inriy in ils cnitni. Thi* vj'llagf^ri 
on* a ha^pard, ilMookif^g, feTei^tricken ect. contraatiiig most 
uufavoumbJy with'lhc flnodrnking pc>|ju]ntioii <jf Inhc foivflt viU 
(ages fuither eoift. Tiie ciiuitc of thiEi diff^reime ia t4> bt< fijund 
probably ia difll^rencc of |*c«itioE» the wi-atem fide of tiio pro- 
vJnoe being moi^c (^Jinj-Ktely clint in botwet^i th« mouDlaim and 
the eea, and buying probably a be&rier r&in&U. A ahcrt dis- 
iajiOf tVrnn t.1i'< I'ity thr rnnr] HT.rJk>3>i th^ old hieliway of ^iab 
Ahba», and coiitirtuea alou;; it, or more fn^nentlv throngh tLo 
fields ekiHiDg it, ha far as Kurd Moliallu, whicli lies ) mile 
to tho right, and 4 or 5 miles from tbo tfOMhorcr, 'Iho roa^J or 
causeway wim ftppan?jitly laid doviii with grettt care acid kboiir, 
being pnv^d ihrrjughont with VxToe [M?bbie8 froni lb? ntimorou^ 
nountAin-fltrT^^tm^ imvcrj^ing tbc^ forret'Citvcrtxi plaiu, iind 
drained by deep dftcljts fenced Mith a good hedjije of white- 
thorn and wihl pomcgranato. which ig eqimliy thorny twd im- 
u-iieLrnblf- ; hiit it vm^ not suf11lc-it?at]y niisr^d, mid ^up fur crou 
dnunage were neglf^clod. Thi«, with tho inevitable Pcreiaii 
indiAcrriK^e to rrjinir, Kiw xihIikxhI it. t<i wbnt it is At tbu prr9fc-nt 
day, — a mojiumeni to the wisdom of a aingle sovereign and 
reproach to the neglect and apathy of a long hue of snccci 
THo country oflor* no Kuricjua olMtuc.»h'* to the mtirati.'minoi» of a 
good road, for tho croaa-draiua^'c atrcamfi flow in uoli'dctiL^d 
il<H?p bfvlfs, and tbt^ fnrr^t anrl nndrr|^rowt.h hnvr nnt nt 'dl thii 
urjcoutroUnble luxuTJunco of the trof>tcs. Though not kept 
alejur by IrafHo, the original oleariag is btill opeiu With thi^ 
mat^ai ft>r faHinn(±«i uti clc«e at hnndj u unull yearly i>utlay 
wonbl maker n ^itrd pDAiiHble trat'k. A few milea frv>m Aetmbad 
ia the picttiiaaque roAdmdo ImamviuUh of Rf«b"Uiiihiid ; Kurd 
Alohalla hu a nnall fort known nn MnUa Kil]a. Z mik-.-i di.iUnt 

I 2 




hi; 



SaPIER'j^ Ditsrif I'/^t Totir tn KhornsfOitt atid 



at the DortU tjf the Karaau struaun. The villai*era bav^ no 
bonti, i?ftve tlic smnll fiHg-[>i]ts, but th^ nori fa rnHjin^nt*^! by 
tho TurkouaonsH who briii^ car^oi^s of jtult oud na.|>ktba from 
CbtiUkon for the Astrabftd marU^'t. 

CfA.^A Elenee moUrioiis vApour shroitdod tbc vcattored 
biiiuiMlratlh tuul furetit, biding fnntt vi^jw Itoih aen :iiiO nniuutaiDs 
till niifiday, wbon il roB» in white clnxids under iho flun'e nif» 
mA f^iiti^'bt by u filis^lit northerly hreej^r. vinn vrnlVil airay Inlaiiu. 
aod Hnnlly TaTilsbe<}f leaving a imo of blue bazeetill clirfrlng to 
the forrrat-clu*! slopes nt the bwai^of the range. The dirc-ctrowl 
t/i NowkafirliL ana Anhmf Iit*!i iitijtrly due w^Kl along tlie old 
roFul, for the most port throug]i forc^ or dc«crtcd clcnriags. 
Trnllir foil owe imrruw Iracrk^ vn the sidn of llt» nuid nsi for ok 
Nowkand&r where n detour i^ made to uvoid a mfkrshy Irvxot to 
the rieht M ftir as the rn1f«y of Gi?^, ^heiico a path wmdicf 
throu^ diiok^ta of bratubU and thorn, swampy rtoe-fioM^. And 
deep miry foreet^lflind, IcftdA to tho Ur^^ Tjllagce of Kd^ht Tikkn» 
juid fiuliignb- flcj is nil onlimiiy iiniilcrn Tilluoe cf 300 to 4O0 
liouaee, cno of tho priucipd in Ibo Auazau ifcluk; it owoa 
itK rtoUynviy nrildy tri it-K jKtrt, th<> lJiinikr-i*Gex, 3J milrw 
distant, witli wbiob it lios^ bowcvcr, litth.^ wiDnwiion* ibere 
beiug direot ixjuWs to A^tinLdd mid Muv^ndeiuiK 1 «u mot 
n<<*jr (^ti-£ by Hiibim Kh^i, of N(}U'l^rInd[l, HCn of Hamxa 
Kliiiiu Sir A. UuruL's' ImsL lUhiin Khnn is a young active*- 
lo^tkln^ man. lie hsJi eharp** of the wbo!<» Aii*i:^nn B^rtiilf, 
vhich dividr/i Afltmbod from Mit/andcran, und vtntciLOd from the 
Ifazar Jari l^hik beyond t}ie llrat ran^^e of fbe sea. There 
avi.j mnnv Inr^jo TJUoffoa; Nowknudtt, 500 boii«C4; Gob, 300; 
Sewaii. -IdO: KxhIl Tikkii, 20fl; Imtthpy Hrrr w)midnt«ly buried 
ia fore«1, in which th« cnltivAted clearing liave madd Httio im- 
proraion. Thr *^f.*r^i cf Ann/nn nnd n pcirtion oftLff eoAt border 
W0ir« till reoenlly exposed to the aUat^ks of the ueighl'ourmp^ 
Jfilftf Dai tiibo of lurkcman«. A force of hor»c tind foot is 
mmnTuitu*d for ihf deft-iiotf of the vilhi(C(*H under the imli^ni of 
tbo Kluin, Krom Uez to the f>ort atkd rillof^ of Kinara a nor* 
row tinrk wiiuU ibnjtigh lor a rriupio of milrj^nnd th^1IK'r» iuttom 
a belt of murphy p\]und covered Hitli a thick jnii^'k* of oano 
nnd wild pom cgrAiiotc, nnd mtereecltd by nuruerouafieib-water 
L-reekfl, ulth deep trt'iieber^rtia bolloins Jntt^rvonitig Uftu'^on tho 
forest and the Ajiod^banka on the flhore, Kinaraiaa mirterablo* 
bh)ktn^ vilbigi' nf KXI l^> 150 eabins — built of vast& wood, ri?ni* 
tianT^ of old Dotivc U7ata, and the eidui of packing'CrL«cn, and 
thatcln^l with ninhef^ — standing in a double bnealon)^' (lie Leueli 
for 30 or iV yard*- fVfim the water's edije. A Tuinon»- looking jetty 
luna out nbcjut 100 yanh tnli* (be nbaUow water, rnalilin^ nativo 
hvtiU, drawing 2 or 3 feet of water, to dJeohar;^ their oorf^oMc 

r 



Xof'^^ tm the Eiittn i\ Alburn TVocf . 



U' 



I 



R^Mian barks1radiii£rt3 Baku and Aetr&kbaii,andoLlii>r potU vu 
the Cnapmn^ lii* ati^ iilmiit n mile, ami the Urgirr Tiirkoizijui louU, 
" kosabol/' u^iklly send tlwir rar^oe** uitli^r ly the jcUy <t din-ct 
to the hcarh in "n&iw," or niiuill narrow c;iiim^«kha|ir^(] *'ring- 
oats.*' Xho KuFMiuu Vico-Ci^iidul, a Nt.ttl'jriuri ol tho Ciutpiiui 
province^ fieverfil Ititftim Anut^iijuit men:huijl». Aui h IWhlaa 
ofSi-nuI ill chnrgt>^l thficuhioms aiiif) th» jiiirt, Itvo jnlhitviUn^. 
About 10 luittd itoTtli-ratit of lilt; f>art i& tlie itfandof Arihiimau, 
mi whu;h urn t\w bsrr&rka of tbo Kuesian c;arrison of detach- 
ments uf two rrtfinic^ntA of Liilantry, and tli^r rt-eiiiltMicc of (ho 
OoDirnodi>i'B of tud Ki^t CiLBijjijin Niiuudrijii urul other oIBcuiIa 
TUrw^ Df foiir Hnuill voweJs-of-wnr ftnii u tow etonmljmiiolioe ero 
alaliined ill thf- Imy Ut wtibOi (h(? 1\:rk'iiriiiiiH tiitd i'i»llivt ihi^ 
duty levied dh their boala, Theee Irad^i oijly b^lweeii tJieir owii 
pfiftv* nnd thi? TilUec-portrt of the Aitmbad rnd Dliaanrlt-ran 
coa^tfl and ihe island o1 Chalalci^n, whence they biin^ cargoeft of 
naphllm and salt* J'Jvory boat is bound to «hoiT the Jiiisaiaus a 
paittE, TliLH ruhi i* ri^ortkiLilj MiTorc^rd, and hjia put. im vniixtt 
etop to the piratical i]LCurflloti6 of the Turkoianns from which 
thi? rojLit bnd iu> long miITokhI. From ih-v* Ihirrrr ik >l pntfi jiIoil^ 
the bL-aL>h woit^vard, t>ut it oan only hd followt'd «iili au 0:^1^?- 
rioDced guid^, for tht: m^uit^rous creeks Aud bockwators ahuuiul 
Id QoickKandt, and the for<U an; fuvT and uutnufkrjd, Thi> |uitli 
to 5«~owbanda, t^nlu^, and A^hraf U^ acruds a marshy plriJn 
rov>»rvd wilh iWne twd* of rwd>* ami wnu\ and immoTiHi? tan^l*?(J 
maaacsi of bramble- Tiicfew clearing are cultivtilvd vjlh rjic, 
and remain nuire «>r tt^aa nnJer v^ier tlie n\\u\v year. Three or 
four niiitf« woat from Goz a high p^rocn ruTitporL uf i^rth runs 
fiMdi Ml'? IiiiW! i>r thcmmintuiiis throuRh tU« foredt and o*'t-r tUft 
marshy idain to the shore. It is anid to havo be oa raised hy 
Bumxa &iihan» an ancestor of tJic prcv^tit IUiah of Aajizan. as a 
defence ugaitut an attAek of the Lurs^ 250 y^ara a^o. The Liirs 
wero dofcated with a loss of liO.OOU men, and tinafly drivcH out 
of ^luuindf^mn. Sj ulniidK thi> Irarliliui: ; huL the Ltipa iauif^ 
from the wcBti and the ra:n]inrt was ohriously mndo for defence 
against an onpniy poming fn>m 'th« wwt, for thi? dilrh i?« to thr* 
cnictr Aud th» ^wfurf^> or path tuider the orest of the bank to 
the vivfit, Tbe 'I mktinmuH arn more likely, thercrore, to hare 
boon th«» Jnva^ilem, but why tnvlition t^ltoulJ (-imfoiind th'>m with 
the Lur^ i^ n riddlr^^ A rampart no foimed wilh natural alop^a 
and a broad eresl is indestmL^tthlo ; it U poiwiM(», thnrrfoi-i', that 
it i* as old as, and had ioioe coanoctioii with. Aiexiirid<.^r*?4 waU 
i«i the opgwMitn «honi of tlu^ hay. If of no other interest* iho 
rampart giTee a very eatiafuetory proof of tho a)Utf^«^d lyn^owsion 
of tli<* Tivqiukn, The JHea-flnak i* ntivr at ?i^mit: diatauet-p bot lett 
than 300 or 100 yai-d* from tlie water's edge. Swanipe and 



11$ KatieieV Diartfofa Tmtr in Kharastdiu <7)Mf 

cnn^hrake ri'nJei'Oit ii mwpr>r(>uc1irtblo, but of the fact tlier© 
Y/os DO dcubl. The elcfo of tic sfiore is Tcrjr gentle, rcodit 
prowiuc oul of tUo wutvr At 100 yiirdu* dUUnife. Fr^tiu Qcz 
to Kaalit Xlkku* tlic last vtlUgoin AatTAbad. ie e. dutAncc 
of ultcxit fE rriil^ f^<]Ltnl lo f)<nililf> llin tliHttitire tin Infr grtiiiiul ; 
for tbo riUe, with u fi'w »Ijort rtcj^'jHxji^ea, occnpieil nvarly 
tlirr* hoiirn. 

7fA. Anfirt^f U\ mikfi.—T Torn X\i£hi TiUku tUi> road rtiu#we«t ; 
fr.jlowing lh« Slijih Allium rtiad, and i.-n>Aaiii;; a amali stream 
u'hich aJYirks th? t»o prr.>vinc<.% imssen iot a (.vhi]iU» of miU^N 
through itlio m-jtttcrc-d tiirms. gordon, nnd orchurdtt of Gulufab. 
The ppopli* cculd not rfvi^ a BfttUraotory reason for thrir hiiilding 
<tvcr e<j Iiirgc an cxtint oi eroiind in a coimtnr in \vliich every 
ynTt\ of liuid ItAS tu tn* rerlHiliK^l from ii tHu^joiiri aiid iziemdic- 
«1>lp fnre^l (jr-jv^th, but it is obviounly a prooaittion iignitiB! fif^, 
Thci liousrd are of cau(^ mid light wijiiKivvcjrkr Mid art? UHUall}- 
enrrounded with ricks cf hay and etran'. The villnjr^ is a larsv 
otn', and is ^\d to hnvo a population of 40U0 to 6U00 aonU, 
^}ijVb iK<|u)(«) p(kA»ih1e^ for il i^.uv^rA iiLit Iiha ihau 2 to 3 h^^uart* 
mih'0. Hcyond jl the bjgh rood, oncloecd by a double bed^ 
niid in bc'lti'i' oivItT, I nssofi thmugb a fitn\ njn'ii, wpU {-ultivat^ 
couiitrVp iiiai:hv louards tlie shot*, but Arm and dry f^r several 
Inlkaf^oTu^LcfliIl-^bpe&. The distance from the shoro to the cul- 
tivated miirgin^tomt? diatanctT up tht hiU-alapori)ie, at ihia point, 
Qbout8i)iL]t-«, Fcreet, except in uatcheflieiitiiclydisfippcaia; the 
f\M* an* cl<>ar, cud well Irncecl and cJmini-d, Jtnd Uits vWlngn^ai 
tiTv more Tiumoruiis, and hihVc usually a fi-^w ^ubatautiiU lioueee 
w.Jh rril-tilerf loofs. The (ri^st of it fi|mr ovrrhniiging tlie 
n^id Lit a piiint vxhoro it touches Thu luJi&ktrt t> or " milcc 
fi'-tiL A.hhiuf, comiu^ndd a fliiL' vie^ of ihe cultivated plain of 
Ai^hruf LUid the forest of Ann^an. To iht' wvni, I'ur diiiaut, tin." 
Umuavend range TormB a v^hilt^ ivull ou the bori^u, tuuuixis ibe 
b:L«e of which stretches a graml espansni of rieh , etjltivat^d hiod 
Aitd eroL^ii lueaduwa with vtid^ i^trug^iing hcd<;e-rc»v/8, oJiXitera <tf 
ihatciied-roofv^d vilLigt^, uucl pntrLesuf foro«t iiiid wixxIUtrid. To 
tho south, the sea was hidden undf^r a bank of miet* North, the 
wouilt-1.1 fjpnr^of Aihury, fall auny in easy nmiulatums tu Lhi* plain. 
Theeo low<*r spin's are little cnL-umbered with the donte forest of 
tho upper ranges, Tiii^y might at no great coet be cleared, lutcl 
Bhoald, with their rich uoif, warm finik,and ampls raiafkll, snpply 
I'^Tsia with all tho most valuable products of the subtropical 
vt'^iDjiA nf Asia, Tea^ eolTe*^, and rhintdiona would no uoubt 
thrivo well, and whore tho vino grows wild in ancli luxuriance, 
vinevurdK roiild uramdy fail, in yiehl nnd i]Ua]ity of pnppftj tti 
rivaf thuee of Europe- 

Approaching Ashraf th« rood aad the aspect of the country 



iVotef iTxi the Eatlfni Aihurx Trnr/. 



nil 



BDpi'ovei The fields art* fo'Uourl, and have bItod'^ wooden 
Liia stilra, Tiio gittuml h k*"fit cli-an and ploiieiiisd dct*[>, 
iwo pairs of Ptri-y tiD« oxen workiiii; in rduyn ; tins pfou^li aI»*o 
is hcnvior thau th^t used m <*th^T \tfuiA. AVLo&t ia ^rown a» 
f^Queully lu rii,v% uiid tliv cotton wns umt^iudly llmo, growing 
to or 6 fcel, witU UeaTy pixla. 

8£A. 7W» ^/ Afhrnf. — Hnh 8t Ashiut Th(f town w now in u 
far belter Blttlf> thurj wifu vimitcd by J'xiuMTr itDd Burner, II 
c^ataioA from I'iOO to 1400 frtinilE^ tuwl 40 to ^0 Miop. TIit^ 
01 four ot tho Inndiii^ nuTrchiwt« Iiato trunnurticiiJi with Coji- 

Ltinc^ple uiid Aslijikluin, f-xpi)rtiikg i^uttou, sugar, Kuro^ti 
^pOtlXr cutlery. liaTdunre; importing chi^^fly iron, iron vettftd^. 
cro<^Uor)% twi-iirn.-*, iVr. Thf[r port i.i Mnj*!i-liwl-i-Sfir, disUmt 
I^ frireakL^^ the roafi p&Rslug tbrou^b Sni'i nnd Itarfnjsli. Th*^ 
inhiihiianta oi' XfihrainriioCmijicA race: llioro afn liowJoudHniri 
of u IKffjrgmii ('ijlniiy broiiglit fniiei iho I'jmrnHUti by fllmb Abbus 
EiH^^Awi ; aome faixkilies of U'aluh, a Turk tribd from tbe comt 
uefiT Lankr^[>n; Tnlis n IVmiau tribfi, mid n f<:iv lL<iii3iru vf 
Godiiis* a [.<eouLi^ir raoo wlio>id origia is T^ry obscure, Tbey are 
)tlo '^ JWiati" vaato of jUaz-ftDderaiir baviFig a »tains and occu> 
^tioii Himdflr to tiicwe of lb© abijrigitml triK^s ul Indm, lb*' 
Colc?*^ UbccU und Darca. ThcyoK^ villai^o watcbmen, hunters, 
|jMli(trmi<rt, iiu<l, f.lioiigb Aomitiflily Mux.«iilni:tnH, livn imiitily mi 
the tieah of wild swjih>, Iu giuumur Ihoy wwidcr in iho forest 
^bcu not em|jloyed ui v/uldiiug tlio diaUnt fields. In wint^ u 
tnudl tlmtei^ etibin on Uie ovt&kirt£ of ^lomo vtllago flluilUtnt 
Ih'Mo (uid tbeit i^uilies. Tljey rarely uiurrj- IVrsiftn ^vomen, 
bat rluTir womon, il' pretty are [>ri?rtK(nnuIly inkcn by I'rrwintM, 
From the Hpvcimviiei 1 Aii\r, iboro oiui, I tiimk, ha little douU of 
tbeir Indian orij^in. Tiie men are short and *3nrL", bat kIu>w a 
Kood dirol &£ i'crFifin blot^fi. IHu- vromcm, (>f vliuin 1 luiw tvro or 
tliriar^ Aro bliort, dark, und ^eudt^rp uitb Jrn^gaW, Hiualt ieatiiri^ 
littlo, graorrful tignreii; tiieir OGHtiimo very miiok that of 

iioD HXJnii^u of tbtr lont^t ea^tca. Tbe cbildtvu wrtre v(-ry 
dark, and far rnorw *Iendei' ami «pare than tbe f^rtianiu They 
appc-or to bnvo no trmlitionj« of ibdr origin, btit i wnji not nblr 
to ijueHlioii dijy but youii^ ni4'n of tlie trlb^, Th^y ^peak tbe 
Maziudonuit dml'.'ct. Tho Gov'^mor of Ashtaf w n natjve, by 
imimi AhlNiK liiili Kbuti, .SariMiiir ^Onloarl), whu U iduf in 
obaTKe of the irregular troopa of toe dietriot, and has tbe oua- 
touiB coDtract for tlie portA of Gc^ and Ma«h*had<i-3ar. Ftom 
iu xiLLiatJon, ;Vsbrar BhonJd bti uobealtby; it b oaolo^d in a 

Io« ot' tho moouteinB iormed by a projooting ^pur, on wIiigIj 

u\s tbo utuatlo of SoffiabocL l^*vor, bowtfror, in vat mori"- 
DTDviUvnt tbuu iu otbi^r townn of the provinuo. Cholera appt.'ara 
orequeDtiy, and is luuoli dreaded. The iamous gardmi ol f^bab 



1:^0 Kaizjiir'j Diary of a. Tiiur I'ri Khoratuiii^ anil 

AMniit m nour cittLrr^ly i^ukWI^'^I : lli<^ btiltdi'ii^. foiiiitiLtDfL tml 
]'Ai&^ etouo ierrLtc«0 lu nuiia, ]u Datnr&l betLntiea ar^. perhaps, 
uncqUftlWp It is LackH by lofty wijorfcti Fpun; (•> ihc north 
18 a flu* vitw ovw iLi* bluo bny of Aalmmdft. Several springe 
rieiug imcler the hill-alopa flow throngb it. '1 ho c)'jimfi' trees 
■u%«f gigHiilir ^owtlk, iini] Kn^rrnl of thnn ri>VT?hii) uirh imm- 
ejTO wroAtUa uf wUd vine. Ortn^ro mid €itri>u^tri>'>t( f^ron in wild 
liixiirJArLcr : their F'ntit ii? Mi t4> foJIi nml lit'~'ii(ny ruivitm t1>r^ 
^(rouiid; every hoiisi! iu tbe* town btio;? providi*-! with iu o^vn 
.gordon or grcup of orAngi>-li'ecfl: tliero is iko lu^ak-^t, str^d it is 

iTlh no oiic« wliilc to i^xfuirt, I'he old f*ructUt of Si^Hiubad lins 

•n replaced by n new bnUdiug in ibi-» Europeuii atyle, witti 
i\ju^ rcKiniA. li ri: ditnirnt^irl <mtMide wilbont tiiMf'*, in l,hn Prr- 
duu fltyli^ but eommunds a, fine \\oy of th<> bay And pUitu. It 
u alreai)y,eTeQ before cainpleliuD, f^llJiip to ruiu. Timitgli non 
oflittlu note, Aebmf elimiUt tf>ra6 ibiv Im tin* ortdtn^ 'if oco of 
tUe luwt iinportjiDt ugnmlluMl difitriL-U of i'cniiiu KvL-rylUiiif^ 
ia there but the energy and eapitat whichj pf»rl»jip»;,ViiJi only 
eoDD^ rn>iD the W^st. 

^th. Aahra/. — Visited tbv villa^ of Karatnpna> an Afghan 
colony planted by Natlir f^hftb on tbo Gur^ftn plnin. and after- 
\innln rtiiiov<^d lii its pnar-ut IfH'nl.iuci, Tlit? vilbk^L* ia biiill 
^kixfiii^d tii<* ba^e &Qd od tbo slopF of A inoiuid on thi? weet nn^l^ 
iif t.Jn? bjty of A^burittbt. M-von to right xiidci iioit.li of Aidiraf 
It [9 »iirrourdc'd by an oxteuajve ^^rnKsv jtlaii), in pati raarshv, 
b<it gcneraiiy lirci» rich mcadow-lnnd' Jt nnmbcrs now liJO 
boiise*^ all GbilKiii Afjcbani*. Tb** rillajpfra Imve l(»*t tJifb Un* 
^iaje:o and diatiQclipe type, bat not Uie ready hospitality of their 
i-iiiiiitryini-ar utw tfirir lovn of citiiiitry. Tlmngli rxi*i'ptiimii11y 
well o^, they toM uio tlint Ihuy look toi-vhitrd i^ Ibe liav that 
will iKT th(;ir rtiaiii to Ihelr dihtant moiiatain-liomca, The-j 
hold their lunda tr<iO o!' riTvc^tiKc, imd rtf^iivw a yt?aj'ly Aum of 
-KHJ toman* (Mot always paid), tby pay of 50 horsemen Ibey 
art" Ihjimd I*j ki^t^p up nrnied ami ivpiippiwl for border d«rf<<aioo. 
Thoy tradii with (ho Turkoman couaU, owaiiig sis or eight iarg*^ 
Iwifith, nml h«vi» al*> de^lfn^'H wftJi i\\^ UnssiaiiN, nhom they 
&Dppiy with Jiv't< i^trlc, wlirut, Ao, 

1 had pro[.M»f.-d to vinJt th^ new UuH^mn f>rt \m tlie |ienin- 
ftula uf MiaukuHar, an honr'M i;idl uith a fair wind ficrow tho 
weal angle of iha bay from K*Lrj»tat>po, lait fmind tkit a dcl/iy 
of lU leant nnotlTer day or two wonid be neoessary. The fott,. 
whioh ia rjBibk' fiom haratiippp, is a mere oolpoii^ commc^iccd 
Tour or live yifura aifo, and bitt-ly coinpiiiUnl and nrm«d with two 
Ujfht ^'uiu. AaUnrada is hnoVn to bo mo^t uamited for n 
pormaiienl navaJ ur inilitfiry Ktation. Thi* witttr \* Imd, and 
extent ol jrrouud Uuiited, and liable to bo ^ubmerf:od during. 



S«tts ctt th^ Ea»Urn AUfurs TKrrf. 



lil 



I 



northerly ;:[a1ej^ Tbeaoa roM Utvl^^ over a f^reat part of tho 
uortl) AiQVQ di tlio islaD<J, doodiDg luaay of the houses itDf) doinc 

lttl](-il JkllUJIgLV 

Tho poniDaulii of niiankullar (" knllitr" eii^tiifyia;,' 'Iry Innd 
ill Uin Mn/Jiticli^nini ilml^'j-t) is liO t4> 40 tiiili'H in l*nigt.}i, fiimi. 
3 to 4 miles in br*>fldtb, rtiid ba4 ampl© water, timEwr, and 
forago. It ifi uniubabitifLl and niicultirttteil. OamD is said iu 
abcnmd iii tL^ f<in^ whi<0> in pri>KrrveJ oa a roval '* <;liH!*e," 
_HJM- :^o Vtf^'W-. 1»> mrff*. — Marched lo" tbo viUago ot 
Nlkiib, <}ii llif* hnnkK nf tlie stream of tlio Mtnxi^ iiamr% whiL--li 
ri§ee in Iho 8}mlikuli Mounfain, ami tiowe iutL> tJio poa 12 milt^ft 
wt'j*t*iiurth-wo#l i>f Nikdi- TW hi^h roaii frixr A^h^af j« in- 
unueimUy g(Hjd onlcr; in (laco of thu ioii;;h Lould^Tr pavoaoiil 
it ia laid down iu ^Travel, uiid is well raised, dmiiiod* dud fuLi:od- 
It has: iho wivniila^^, hcwoT<fr, of ruiiniiig thruuffh ah o\mx\ 
cnltivaW rounti'y and irvrr diy hill'»kirU<. The Kiknh stittim 
N npflnnpd by** tine bridge in perffp^-t ord^r, Th«» villngr i.»f 
^ikalt, tlic [irincipat pincr in Uiiit Huialc, luv^ l-iO t^} *iUO 
Wm^eB And fkmis eL^Htlen<ri ajjoiit ovt-i- the ciLltlvateil hiiid iii 
ImmIi brvnk^ of tho river, Tho pcoplo aro Ucnuli I'urks, of 
>vLKh dtbi' tbi^t" arc> aia iilln^r vilhigcs iii ibf* IHiilt. A larsit? 
rJllni^i?, Now^arabad, lies at the uiuuib of the slrc^ui, tut tlicre 
19 no |ioiMb(.' ticatcet being Mo*hdW*i-Hru-. further wc*t oo the 
Habil sti><ani. EuU of tho head of tbo MmnkulJaf peiJnstila 
thi^ forest eammcnccfl Q(>Ain> and extends alon^ the ccoet aa for 
as th*? i-yi" mil ntudi. It iu Lrolsi*a only by idcuriiigd^ Tbi- 
bare mai-flby plair/s of Achrat' were probablv. lilt very lately, 
covrTr^rd by tlu' nbullow i^atiiTS of iho bay, tfio dopusiti* of n^U 
from u-liich f>r&?t-jil iho growlh of tin? tutual luxuriant vepeta- 
tiou of tbo coast> The sltore for many milei u flat, aud is «ib- 
Bievgod for acme <liutam*o iidttrd during nortlietly oiW The 
wnt«r of KarAtap|>u and uf cilhvr villnifefl on tbu plain la 
bnu'Ui^b, and nmAt of t,b(i vegeratioii indirnt^'s ii s;iJiiii> mieI. 

This mDnntuin-nlopc!! tt» tbi^ ri^ht wf tiic Jiiijb rond an* to 
soinr PAtt-nt rlnai^d of fi>:v«t Jiiid rjUiVHlcd. Tliift I fcjtind ivrw 
a ivsiilt of fhr Atnortr-an war and tbo fnotino, by which ttio 
demand Uiv edition juid wlnMt i«a» ^'^rridly incniawiL The iirji^d 
of oxitloo at that time roae to 4U tomans p€rr kharwar of <I0 
Tabric ]nniini:ls iho nornml price being T to & Production 
stiil payv »nd U incrouvin^. 

The 31aKanderaa peasatit ia a proprietor, and ownA hts knd 
nlwobittdy. H'» ii* only u^^trii'ii-a liy i-untum fnirn «il«. Ev*'ii 
Uie for<^t landi^, wbiL^h are " aomm^D," are inaliuiibibla. Snob 
nlciiur4<, though a cnat inci.'ntive to individual i^xerliouN, im 
an obctaLd<> to dovcJopinL^tit of tlie r«sourc^a of tlio eountrj. 
Au ijjuijumt and poor peaaantr). wilbout capilol, and an 



d 



1S2 



Safier's Dtttrif ufa Tour tn Kftorossurtt and 




Apathetic and fecblr' povornnicnf* ffln never raiao tb*s ouiiliy 
af»re Ju pi^esi-nt It^vel, while lh& (lifilcnlly or im|H)whiUly uf 
noquirinjf IoikI wouIl! Imt Wiififm cuh^rpriso mid oa|)itft). 

Ma^jLEiilfiut], tlie jtrtr¥ine« of Persia, with tlie crealaat uatltfid 
I»iOiirc(?e jMiH moet inliiftnona pojuilnli-m, and tht tao«t perfiftj^t 
aocunty, pnv^H 1 wn^ t-tid. UHy ^UJHJO tomans =16X100^ iJitO 
the rova] tr^asni^-. 

iuL To Sari, 18 milt^. — Mnrcbr-ti from Nik^ili to 8ari» tho 
I^Tnt-ipal In^Ji of tlie |iT<iviiif^<* arnl the sent uf GnvHrmneiit. 
Ai'tor croseiiip the Nikali etrram, thi? high roiwJ, whicb i< in 
rttiu;u'kali)j ^^oml fml*'iv ami hjw thi? njnn'fti"nti*'r iti jihiicr!! of a 
vtride, well-kojif, ^vell-o^ed Knglteh mcrtollefl ryml, tuma south, 
Jnid clineing to the hill-pikijt*, bends in n wid*> rurvowiisrtto 
'the bankii ot' tbo TuJmil Ifiver. Tlio r?ciuntiy on oirher baud is 
open imd n<Ll ciUliVLito'l ; tho fielrig emalJ, with wide bc<tgi>* 
i-ows of whili* tijoniK, gnt<», nnd Klilc*. A j^ocni deid of Uboiir 
ie 6 videmtly ts ponded on tho lund, but it is, novei-tholMMMttally 
dirty. Th* KiniLlI, U^ht pli^ngh of the nouiitt^ fnilH to rfadimto 
vfeeds&nd under^rrowth. A ek-ur iVdd i* t>nly to be i«eu near 
the hont^ateads in the dlnliuil lutd rji?wly-clear>]-d bmd^ Ono 
-yefti^B fnllow produei^s it di^iiKc^ growtli cl Uioru juilI u'e^dM, lliiit 
^'CBU only bt- got rui of Uy lire. To the right <jf the road low 
fim-^t-f'x)V**r(3(l hillH stret'.'b awny ^'fwt htkI rtoiith for 50 or *J0 
mJk'H, ;rrjv]iially rising to th<: high ridgo running from Dci»&« 
vend toHhjkli-tinh. uliifli i^liowa ncontitiuoimlJEie of snciw-peaka. 
To tho Irft, five to six or oi^ht mUas dielnnl, is the tbnwt 
extending from thr peoiiuidu uf MJau-kuU^ir into the Bnri dn^ 
trirt. The Tajjin is & fine stream, tlowiDff over a. aonnd i^ravellv 
bed 'AW to 250 yarde wide. It s\na full but not floodr^tl, nntl 
fordnble everywhere. It rises in the njounlainB vest of Shah- 
boh, draining tlie Qazar Jurcob p]At(!au, entora the plain of 
Sari 4 lo 5 [niI<?H nbovn ihe town, luid 10 to 17 milei from tho 
eon- At its moulh is tbo village of Farababad, forraerly a largo 
town, now n .iinnll jKirt fn'qiionti'rl only hy nativo lrading-boat«, 
,In the Mtuarv i« one of llie priuf'ipul stur;^<on ft^heneH on the 
OOAst, farnica wJlh fbc other ^ahr?ries o1 Uie pi-u\ii]C« lo a 
Riunaii <*ompiuiy f(:^T the annual mm of JJ8,IKM) tomans, 

Crosdin^ t!it> Tajan by a woll-built stone-bndg& of 17 arobtt^ 
A nHntly-Iual pavnil rmiiMiwiiv b^jids to the town cf Sari. 

12iA-— San h now a. flourirthiug town, in a trtjitc Tcry dtfToront 
from thrtt denenU-d by Frawer. Externally therr^ is probably 
little ehiui^'o, iu dnfitnc>e4 oouBittin^^ ntill of n ditch witn a low 
rampart of ^nfty slcrjH-, and i-ui (lu\*n by Ironic in mjiny pbf^(». 
Originnlly it muHt have be^n wiifhcipntjv profectod^ fop the ditch 
is s\i\[ in idui^cs wide and iii.frp, unil ibf nimpa^t of im^iCE^iDg 
prot^le, with some sort of pi-ovision for bunking fire la tlie Aliap« 




Sets* en tliC Eaxtfrn Alf}ur£ ^"mcL 



U^ 




r lNi3tion« njiH snIicatK, Even from the crj*#t 
tei. hnnWy uriyfljin^ h to he .^Meii of flie lowrj. Ili« 
l<w hoaeoG boiaR Inriixl in moaeoe of or.in^ro-trcoe- Tln^ro 
ai'E? Titu' gat^ tlip DFirrniili, AAtruluid, I'uitilhiWtl, and C!ul 
Dukht&ram. Tbo aecond Dttly is in gooil rqmir, bavin» & 
jurtrd-houae with tiiT> towcne roofed wilh tiloB, in o »tylo 
similar to that represent^ \u dravingfl of ClilD^ae or ThiWCsn 
iorvn^, WitbiQ ibc town there is an appeiLmnco of iicatQcas, 
onler. a^'iivity, niid j)rti*<p('nty ijuitc nriuMtml in Prwn, Tho 
houses ato for the ruo^t part woH-biiilt, clean, and apacii>us, 
imrli liaviTig ifjfi ynnl ailiI (■rriiiji of ontng<^rci'S- TIii> ^(rret* 
a^? well raved, drained, und provided with raised foo1]>atb£ oii 
cither eiae. There are eice'j)lioQally bad places, but Ihtij Are 
^leeptiotial, find nut iho rule, iw iw all oiIht town^, T!to 
ba»kara aro covered aud kept tiean. and tbo eliopa well-^tocl^od. 
Thi* inftrk^I.-plHr-o i« a «ght wurf.li se»^ing in thrt Kiuit It wouUI 
Iwe iittlo by compariBon with Ilit *■ Kormcw^ " of (Jainnjcr or 
Pun; leas order aul oWiilinew, few weraen, no garit-ners, and 
rod-bnocbod rilonehiii^ con&oripts, but utt fimplo display of 
conutry jptoduce aud cheap fonM^-n »are* set out lu triQpfix];j; 
arruy, Th» etalh wero for the most rnrt wwrod will* clpufi 
^hiti^ tenta^ and tht' rciidor« aJIrtitt and buain^a-clike, and not 
iimctive. Tlie fniit and bmehera" stalls wen? parti cuUrly well 
praviJpd. The town ha? no nprdul industry, hut lUtnoat all 
lh^ i^ATidi of liiT* LVJUiitrv rire pztnidi'd fur; ;t rough ttliil*- 
eloth, known as " kattan/ nnd silk alufie arc woven, ond a gowi 
di-al dtino iu 1(^^itli<rr work. Tho nioKijut-ci an? ntat jiud p!r- 
tureaqU9, with coved I'ed-tlled ro'>f«, carv^ wooden pillars and 
joirts, squnree of green turf, and lines of omtagi>troo«. itcpair 
and i»ving of slreot?4 waa, I foaiid, m (he bacda of tbu 
"Kelantera*" or headmen of the aix qiiartora or inohiillaa, a 
lOrL 'if mniiidjinl eomTnittn^ rj-cjivnif; lillle nid frum ihe 
Vi-ruor^ atjd deiiendenl on tb<-- town for funds. Of thd popu- 
of l/i,OtHt u^ IlV^H) rt Urgo pnpnttiim arn only winter 
iTV, driven in Irom tho incuutJiiu- pastures an<l tli^ vlJWo« 
near the aummit of the rin^e. A Jajge nvimber of Firoa Kuhis 
comit down to work in the forms, briclcyario, itnd bax^uini during 
^nt«r Thirty ore easily difltingnished by tbtfir ruddy, heultiiy 
riiTearg, from the Bullovv, haggard eiUzens and pensants of the 
marshy, forest-covered plain, 

Thf* tradt? of Siiri hjw iniuih imTttaH»-d ef hili^ years, eottm 
nnd wheat baing exported in oxchan^e for Kuropean i:*.^od9. 
tSilk, ftinncrly a ?rc^tL adaph-!, Iiiia dcH.diiied, I wam crvdihly in- 
i^>nned, a8 a tetua of traffickino; uitb the infidels at Aatrakban, 
to which port lftrg[c fjnantity ofegg« nacd to be *ont. Mnch of 
tthe gnodi dispiiytf] wtuf t'roDi Western Enrope; En|;]iHh piece- 



1X4 Naiikj:'* Diury of a Ti^r in iCAonuamt, anrf 



goods, Frc&ch ^ugiir, aad Gcnnun oliiuawaro a&d brc&ddolli 

TLl* Itnsftiaiuf Imve u fipxh] liotJ on tlie iiMrkcrt, bat m>t i 

monopoly. ^Vitli lottor tvads 

^ooda froiij I-<pLbmi Kliimld ?<u| ^ 

niarlcot, llio repntj^ljon ot' <itir gooda i« t^nrivuUed, but their 

prict ia ^^omimnitivoly tco liigb- 

TU« (KuniiHiioD of Siiri id <il miied cngiii - 



nr.roi« the mouuUUtLH^ Knglttli 
ml V mi*i>? tliiui u fair aliaic of til© 




the Ziitlm, or 
4i:i?.H»>, jiLk-wtLij (fiu^uMuiuuii., Tuvk^ KurJis and aomo f«w 
liiiniir^ii uud^hIuu, A%|jauii, Hud Turkomauti luaking up tho 
tut. Th>^ itcvomor. Mirza Kasih Sloiz-a-Dowlo, ie a u&tivo; hiit 
fluthorilj t'lti'Tid* ilin*<*tly onlv oTrr tbn rolerii jieU'U of lU« 
|iroviitc^; Le has also a t^cmmal jiuthority o^er liie coast or 
BiuntJiDc tribe of Turbouittus, Uie piiijcipal gf nhich 14 tho 
(I^'Tipjily, a bmuoh of iho Jiifar Kill ii-yond tb^ taceptioD of 
u light tOkX OD tradiiif^boat^, ibfty are uDtiutorfcrod witfi. 

l:Uk Seid Moh^tUt, Ut mfTM.— Matdwt IVom Sari to Seid 
Mobaiia over n bad vilhj^c -tmc'lc iriDdiiig tbrou^li <vot fie^ ftad 
uiArfdiy fon^U the iimiu or f^lmfi AbbjL-< i-oad Ijeing mparted to 
bo icipftsfioblt^ 

Bcfcic kaviii;' Sari rt-ceivi^d » \mi frum somo Turkomana 
of %\\t} Ogiirjily JnTar BaJ thbo, Urinj? at l[a««an Guli, on lUtt 
north bank of the Atrnk, 8 mUcB fi-oni OijikiaUlidr (ft jxnnt 00 
( iipir-d hy tho Hu^iauii at tbo time of advance on Khira> aod 
\xQ\s abandoned,!, and tbeucc itu^aan «uhject3< Tbo Ogogily 
Dpithor caltivaii* cor n^nt <mttb- Tiit.^' aw tmdi'M mid wiloro, 
and thus tied to the eea. With li vklont ejection to booonuug 
linasiau Kiibjofl^, tbi?y aiipear to olyiM^t »till raon; Ktfiuigty to 
romtrt'inp to the dump, hut^ unhcidUky couutry bordering tlie 
nen mmth of the Atrak< 

1 Ifft. To Binfritfli, 12 n^iTw.— March&i to Borfru-Ji, 12 mlleis 
ocivs? a very vfvU swomp^ countrVi with a iow acattcrod hoiut^ 
at4?ails, arid ntunw rice-cultivatton in foreBl-olearinpiw, 

Barfinth j« the commcrciol c^piUl of Mni-intltrfin, It Ijoa 
110I n^gaiiicd the ]i»m?-( In ixspuliktiuu iiifl^r^ri'it ihiritig the plague 
in 1532^ but rt i^ i<tili a I^r^e town, und ita trade mxui kavo 



vrn- much Intrrr-aHi'd \ulUu\ l}i*r Wt fi»w yf^nrs. 

'rii4^ town is r-pen, and the houAt.H intmh ^oattfTod and cou- 
Gcnlcd by n^uAM^^ cf ornugc and other Uark-foliagod <:TergH-oii». 
Fniiu tbr? lut^ it is approached ftcrowi a tino expanse of mwuloir^ 
laud> Tie bonsc^ ore low. neatly wliitr>va»hi!U or painted, wjUi 
docj>*ovored tt«I-iilp u-ofs- Ench has a smuU CNHjrl, inaln^ud 
by a hi^U miid'Viill, toptii cither with lilci? nr a hut' U fiiJli- 
liowcis. lb« buHid leavps of ahicL act ;i« 11 tliHtth. Tin? stieets 
BW' iNtrniw but ck'oii. loid i^cU j>aTcd, and ibe ehops uud Uunara 
vol! Luiil, ond ftUl of EtjrujH-iui ^<hk1s bolh Mn^liMh and Bu»- 
Kmii. I1tert> arc t^kl to Iq 12,000 booM^ which would givo % 




NoUs m the Eadem Alhwrz Tmct, 



Wi 



populalion of filXOOd (o tM),000, aud thu ia, 1 (lorcsfly, not fai- 
over the miLi-k. n«y'>nd Ihn luiziuirK tho houat-it utj* w* umtdi 
ttciUtorcKl that it would ho diffleuJt U< fo^ any idea of the bIzo 
^f the town, but it r^jvcm n \^rc** eitf^nt of gifniiid, mid iho 
commercial parl£ arf^ inUL^h L^rovnd^H FiT4* tjiotuaiid toruans in 
(W icvcnnc xnyt\ taken from iho tcmn, raided priucipftUv bv a 
tax on tradi'A, ilto whah- nurn being diitiibiitMl oror tfu? djt- 
fcrcnt CTJilda. «hoae :-oj)ruFieiilAUve is the OoUecl^r- Kooclitii 
itt It-vicxJ. 

Tho rcrt of M^uthhmJ-i-^ar, $ icili^-^ didant, i« said to bd fro* 
-tjnentna by imrrdjers of Kiidsiau HhijH wliiHi monopo1i>ip the 
trade villi ihv CfuipiiLti ixnU; nulivT oraft trndi> gnty with the 
TarkomoiiA and tb(* I*Und of *)bf-lekeii. A mail-At^atHcr mUt* 
evt*ry ecv^rilb day, and lak^ «p pasBenpere and Jigbl car^o for 
Itaku and Aatmkhikn. In ^pite of tin's ct^inncctin^ link ^lith the 
avilined uorM, ii U ns ill pTorided with n^wa, and aa indifferent 
to il, as arc othor ynirU of Persia, The Rnnioas bavo a Vico- 

i^u] (h ^mtivtr of Sliiru-K) at Burfru^h to look aftur the iii- 
il» of th^ir moroUant^, a fow of whom roeido in tho place. 
The Htajdn i^xpcrrlH frotn Bnrfni^U jind the district arc ilnvi] 
fruiu, whicb ar^ br<:iu^ht from across the mouiitailkB, cotton, 
i«ilk Hi;d rirc, chiefly raised in th^ distridp The rotums are 
in cloth, goods of various kinds, hardware, and g!a<a> Sugar- 
cane of an inferior <]iiaiity and hcrap are aUo gronn in tiie 
dinti'irt, but nm nut cxiHirtnl. 

liotwQcii th<i town and the Babil Hivcr is a royal pardon on 
an irthmd In thfr nuitrr.^ of n nmjiU bik>% Hlh^d hy thtr ovr.'dlowingb 
from lb*? river at oertaiu seuiona. There are remains of a 
eliatinel bv which a constant aupply waA kept up, but this 
is now chrjki>d lip iiud tiirlea^^ The gunl<ia uiid boLldiuu^ am 
in the UiSUiJ nt'LjJecled ooudiijon. but there ia a fine view of 
th«> peak of Tlomuviimd, th/t \o«ot ritngBi^ and tlie «(in^wooded 
phiin. 

LI/A. To Amf/^, 20 mihs. — ^ran;h<-<{ to Atnol, 20 milfle floutb- 
n'c«t of Barfru^L). The Bahil Kiv^r, ona milo from |ha town, 
in i.tirfvtt^d b)- a fine aloutr hiid^e built by Maliumed Uaaun 
Khan, a former Governor, The streum iw <lf?np, mtli a slow 
current and tn^ncJii;r\iu?( bottom, A lew l^imfir<id yardii abavc 
the brid;*e h the junction of the Babil and Kari, a etr^ni 
flowing from tlic mountains fioutU-tveal, Bctucon the bobU 
and Amol u (rn-at itxlrnt of uouiitry i.i mltivnled with riee, mid 
irTi;^ted by ntuncroiis cuts from the ilnms Bivor. There ate 
aIh} wiiUf nlri't^if'?^ of M:ral>-jiindi^ t.lmruy tuid imiH^ac^tr/ihlir. 
A more difficult (*ounlrv oror which to move either norae, foot, 
orpins, it imjuM be dini^iilt to iind, for even Jhe tilled portion 
ia fcnoud villi wide »lrEi^iiii^ hL'dgei and deej- ilykea. 



12$ KAPI£n'< iWflry c/ a 7Wr in K/i&ragMJi, and 



Tlip icwji vi AmM in opetwjcl Jind acreen^jrl from \m»w on 
fijjproiicb by Joujhj proves of omiifro-trct-e. U lies on boUi 
liHril^Fi of the WtiTay, a flrrr strrsim tloiving rapii!lv rtiiH noUitv 
ovi^r a prn^Ml-bod. It i* f([MuiHcHi b_v n eolid elcywj bridfco of 
lur?lTQ aR-l(LH. buiU by the (owjr^ireijpL*. which in prob&blj ID 
thin r^itpoi't t]iii<ii]i>. liofore iho ^^^n^nt plngno tlir; ttrun wu ft 
plftcf^ fti *i>mc imjiurtLiiitv, *i.tid hud u popuUtion, it tB teud, 
of 50,000. To a.ifne ost^nt it has ri'i^ovciod, but il laclcB Ui*' 
^tlniuhti^ pvrtj l>y MX iiii^ronsing and iictii'O tnide vnUi Uio 
Itntsiiui 4XJHfit>t Akijoyefl by the loivns nearer the porU of Ma&Ii- 
hnd'i-i:?or und Gen. Ita popuhitiou w now not more Uiflii from " 

lQi/(. To Parnsh^ in n^/W. — ^From Amol tbo roftd to Teheran 
tirs due soKtb tiii On.* rnlk-y i^f tho llurii/. Ncnr the foot of 
the hills rii>e-cull]vatJoii cease?, and the plain &nd liill-Akirto aT6 
covered with henvv faT<ri. Tim hyctw jjcrtionu of the forest 
)rti]l n^tiiin^^d llieir folmgi^ wit.h tlje tiTila dI mitiiiiiii. whib higher 
up thi7 trees were bnro, J.ar^cr nuniitities of niist.lotoo are cut 
«iid fiirried 1'» tht* villngiw ftom Imiw fitfrrts, jtiid riwd nw i^inter 
food for Ofltlle. In tho porp-e of the llaifiz is tho eouimenei'- 
Qieui of Q iic^v load, c^'H^tiucted ou thr^ Europcaik pko, uid 
Intended to ho uiiide practieable fur nheeled tiuffif< b£ttv«ai] 
Siueuiiderun ond The copilnl. The forest hoe been cleared, and 
m^mc hthtmr np^ndc'd in b]»L<<titig iiud eEittini^; but tho bunding 
ifl voi-y iufurior, and cannot Inat more than a eooBon or two. 
Then* are Be vein 1 )»rg€ well/i jJntndj ^howine eit«ii«Te g8w» 
owing to defiDctJTO foundation, and two bridfj:n«luvo bei^ c^mncl 
auuy, the uia^itary exposed hciug of the worat posafble dt<flCTij>- 
tion. The wi<lth of the hjiuI aud tho grudientv are vi>rv irro- 
;:uliu-, but it i-t, neverUielesft. i^ vaat improvement ou tfie ol<1 
ilangerouB track, and if rjimplot^id iiml kppt open i*ill prove 
an imiucn-ie boon io tlic country. Purjk^h in a mere rotulsidc 
station, hating for public aceoniiuodation a nuaibtir of caves cait 
in the face of n gravol-hnnk nejir the rivor- A pnvato hone^, 
brionging \i> the Governor of Lorijan, is avmlahir:? Air travdlnrx 
There la bttli> cultivotiou in the lo\\er port of the valley, aad 
no nlbg<'S, the iipnrest beinc in the Chflnh Glcn^ wlicro tborc 
are six ontlying villages of the district of Sari. 

\lth. To Baijan^ 23 mtV-w,— Krom I'arfleh the road follo^ts 
up ih" euurse of the HaniK la Bidjau, a nuudl vHUge, dtnljuit 
23 milee. The volley is onoloaod by high epure itom Ibe lofty 
rjdL'CP of the main r-liaiif, thti \owvt ■h^pf^a peucrally prodpitoHA 
nad jnaet'M*iblo, Tli© for<4l eitcnla for 4 or ^ mU^ aloDj^ ihtf 
upper ilopc^s and giadually ceases, giving jrlace to Acatten^ 
^oapK of jiud|]er. The? new njud i*, for the luo^t part, iuooiu- 
plelc, but so far prenent^ no serious dilijculties; with a littW 



I 



Xbt^t ^ ihc £aHfm Aiburz TVaet, 



IS 



^ 



r And oar© lliore U notliiu^ to prevent It* hdn^ Icopt opoi,, 
h;osoqb. Two cf the new briars api)ear U> bo well built 

. nriwUkutittU Imt llioy )i|itm only tlm mtnimum votumft, tho 
boJnc: irU^ndod to find JU way round on fitter ai do. At 
ICiiUtilmpil, hulL^wnv, IK llm lu-it'U|Lmr1,c-r« of tliii rV>rKmi] 8up- 
pOT» empIoyM on ifio road. In placo of t«iiU Iho cuvch (*iit m 
ft graet-L-bauk and ii;^ a^ caravuu&LiiiiH hcic allottt-d to tlii*iii. 
aud mnda vorj i^omfoiluUii wit]h.T-i)iurtrnt. TIkh? hanks of 
gravL'I arc ibi? tLLTActorifltii: fiNiturc oV the Uurtix VAJlry. Thoy 
vary from 30 lo 50, wnd ^^vcn 1*K> fivt iti boiglii, and 611 e-vory 
au^l^^ <'f the tftrruin, iwcmiiiji: Ut in^irk itn formor IcvoK Tliov 
are foTrni*d of |*mvol of n)\ hizmk; iri piirU waU'r-woni, thf- 
d<f(>u^it <\i tho luimborlcf^ (noLintai[i-b>rn^ntfl, and in parla 
ftuuuUir, llie oitlifcluiit iff 4'*'iiturlt'h of di.xinlf^-mlitm uf tin? j»ri^ 
'"'■ itou* sloi-^s bonn<ii«j» tli^ tJvnr by tbo flcliou of froal, flao\r, 

nun. Alauy of th<^ batik.i utv now nborc Uio 1iigljo»t flood* 
level of thf? stream, Aod CJMtso4|iiently |^ernifineut> lu thow'l 
IcD^ Wtiv* of cuTca kavo Lfccu cKcATAtod. TJkcro ate four mck 
ftbiliuriFi, and It i« iiAlt-nlalcd tl»al lh»y ftliblti^r no ItuN than 4fXk 
oro'K) inults?, villj uumorona tiuvolk-n every ui|^bt 

ISth^ To Eahiia. — Aboro Bujnn tlit; TnJIry t^irrows, (Jie 
moniitain-^lopea olc^e in and beouino moro prei*i|>it4^i]-<'T till at n 
dietanccr '2 to 2^ miW. thoy foirti tbo defile kLoitu an tijn 
Kullik Buml. nUk-li [iumho^ Cor Wf<«<aiile beCw^on iv^Ue of rook, 
mog to '^00 6nd 3(JU i'c^ porpondfcolftr boigbt, end divid&d by 
A )ijjiu*n of ]i* ii> 20 yafdat unly At tlui mtrrowpxi point. Th& 
hi^mt rotid iv being out eht'OT inUf tUo iiACti of tlio cliET, and the 
P^raian en^in»x*r-4 liav<t taken thrir tni^k bjiildlv in tiaud, and 
will appLTcntly tnaU^f a oji>dilnblo work of it. liiorc nrc trociB 
At tltt^ uarnitvent ji^iiil of uu old t'oud and two old brJd^'<'% rrrrv 
ciiriouB K<Uo8. Xtio roitd wujc currlod aJoii^ tha face af Uu> olitf. 
which 19 like A livall witliijut any cuttin;;. lu plAct^tf it i^ tjuilt np 
iroiD the bed of the droiin, in olli^rs on i^hat must have be<^ 
ky tonn<h«tionn alTcrUcd by clianfM? lod^c*. On looi^hinjraD 

'e it wmi fiiuiid npjmnfntly impo^iiible to turn ii^ and riant 

_ ftttuvenii^'nt iodpy of u fo^- foot, a bridg<o of ono ep&n wn» 
tbrowS BOEQM tU(< rluutm, at u liui^Lt ot 80 iv*:i idiovi; Ui^- 
atreum ; tho poitfou of the arc^h Btill clinf^ing to tlie fuce of tiici 
iJiff abows that it had a width of not more thmi 3 Jcct, with the 
Ibrm of a l[alf-Tnuou> Aa a monument of pnmltiv^ and yet 
{nfp;nioiu engineering, it ia to bo jvgrottoa that it hus not 
retQAined intAct Tlii' imwI can tiL-vi^r \iii\a U^iin wid>r ^'nougli 
to give pttiea^ to a l(idoQ muio, Thoy woie prolubly, oh at 
tho |»r6!ieut day on thr t-xi«tinf^ road, nnUdcn. and tho loads 
cnrrjod over by hunil. Prt.'}mnt1ion]i uTd beJng Biado for a rock- 
rnrving in the aui^ieul Petai&u bij-lo, wluck Is to cx)iQmetaoiat<* 




1^^ rnrviti^ 



Iti KATiEBVAory ^a 7^ i jt A'A^nuMJA, gW 



t}i6 oiW(niiij» oftho road, From vbal I flaw. I ttiiak il prolab 
;4luki iIkf uiIiaI ntll li;ivr- Jiinplt^ tunc lir CDiDllIoto the Hh^'A 
€oah>turoand au iusori)>tion of any leucrtb ae wLduti. Tlw 
rtMkd vfts intruded to be opoD fci tho Sh&liflTisttto BLi/imtl 
ID tho itpriDg ; but tJitd i^^ ubfloluti^ly imiXMSuUle. 

Abore Ltio dedle tl« valley opens out, aud there iltc Mnrerftl 
larg<' villngi'iH in Uc glms 4i[K^utif; iilUj iL TIuvco at^ Qovr pjt 
Ihc most fjfjrt ilosortod. tljo inhaLitaulM baring left for tfaotr 
wintj^i-f'MTiiH in MiL7jini1'-i»n. Tl]<*ni nrt- n ferlMu ^wfnniiint of 
p»niiim(?iitn^Kt'Joiit« wlio uukivate thiT eotintv <!orii-!atHl* Ringing 
tbe bii*e of tlic procipilous ridgt?s, wliidi riw ou all sides lo a 
gTMit olvvuttOD. Thi» (Uictrict, ivbieli i^ known ag Tanjan, \& 
uaid to ccnlain 40.000 families of which tfirce-fourths migiate 
«Terv wintrr, bnvin^ their tiLUilHon tbe Plmn of AmoL 

Un (Ji^jiriu^ the Mallik Buud Pohs, the Pcdc *:>i^ DoDUvead 
(iMt ii|k|>i-aL'4, rj>fferiLi^ alxivi? iLr vallev tiod ilvartln^ tbo high 
pcakhi urouiicl il. Hicb «p in n ghii, on its castorn elope, ii tTio 
\iLiMgn LifOaim-aii, nJieru zu« eome but Hpniigrs niurli u)^:^! bv 
tbe natiyes for olraoHt every bodilv hiiment froia wLii?t iAi^y 
«uff9r. The vtoncn in the bled of tlie small &trcrun» fed ly tha 

3*riDfc, are covered with a thick deiwsit of sulphur, wiili nhich 
le water ia highly imprc|riiiitod. The springs have boca 
r<-«nrf.'nl (u by iut5iuln?r» i>f tin* MurtJjit'mi Ktwtium nt Teheran, 
uitd f^uud' highly effioo'Noiis in v^^rtain coee^. Th^rd it a bath 
nitd irii]ilTr-ri^nt iKTomiiKidaUcm ilk thrr vilbi^^ but unllukitud 
gn^und iuT tt-^nU^ No better plare o^juld bu itut\iH}U>\ &e thd 
cjine of ojioiations foi' ah ajsitoiiC of tbo |Joak. miiua h m larjra 
Tilkf^ oft^OO hoiii4e». lyiu^' lOlXl tu 121)0 fu^et ubovu the Uoiu. 
Th9 new road pasacs tiuough it* roiicihing it ly a BucocmoQ of 
zi^T^iiKS riNiTiff JOOl) EWt in n diHUmcvf ofnlxnit I mile, 

20^/'. jfo .-IAh— From Kahna tlio road dL*scdude ttjcaxn to tho 
l«vid of Lin? river. |jiiMing th*^ vdligo of Ank, Ibn prjntrj|ial nne 
oftho di^riot, numbering nearly t){90 bcia^t^j. In winter it ut 
rah&ont < nliifdy deserted. The new road beyond thi:* point baa 
almo»t arrived itt completion, at^oording to the standard up ta 
vrhieh the Kn^'rniNim ur& working; but thoTL* still ia a greAl 
doal to h& doue in fxuike it ii pi^rinjinent. and reliable highway, 
Uramn^ iiiut bct^u outiruly uo^le^rtrirj, and tho loose f4i)Ja« of 
viflrkuiiL" lUL-lvH at the base uf Diinmvmd art-. t^vcrvtvUpre* au* 
rGFettf»d, und will bo a t'^uwe of ronsunC Iroubio, About 
*2i] mlliis frotn Ask tb(> ruud i.T(»»[:h ami finally leavr^ Iho 
^'fllloy of tbe Ifara^, and, a^ooodiri^ a lateral i-loii, cvo»i»e» tlw 
ilghcsC point ou the roud, tho Wim of Imaiuz^du IlAxliim, 
liwrni 730iJ feet above sea-levcL Four mileK from the crest of 
lUo pa«a >8 th& Lake of IJi^muvrini, a lar^et deeti moantoizi* 
Jorrent fed by spring, ubout whkh wuBidr^rinl Htonee were told 



i 



I 

d 





XoiM ^n tAc I'Mtem At^ur: 'Ihui, 



me- I baro do doubt that It wou]<i repay aoionlifio mirvoy, with 
tiui view of wt.nUiiig itM wnlcra Air t\iG irrigation of 1b« plain 
below Deiuavcnd. Ab i» a lar^ vltlaf;;^^ at tbo bead of the 
Iludihind AtrcJiTti. la epriiig or siinimor it may dcAcrrr it« 
Tijpiitiitiuu for i(M Umiilv Kiid tlxe luxuriaacv of it« T^gdatiou* 
but [ooks ill niiilor. v^'itli its aQow^corcred hills and lines of bare 
witUtwn ATiil iiiijilnm, <U>niljLtr^ rtMHigli. I «iw liosjiitjibly rtitrr- 
,taiiLDi.l und liKlf^ud iu t v<.Ty liaodaonw room by a mji, vflm hod 
toivelJed to OoiLsFAiitmopUvllombfiy, and Calcutta, uud rebimorl 

ly ti> aiiM>rt that, for wealth and nuLgniflronf^o, ihttUf vraa no 
lity in tie world like Teherati! 

Sin/, Trfj Tehsritn. — From Ah a (tmul briiUr-jwiih 1abiI« dovru- 
'fftruoiQ fM^ the Tillages of Kudibind tmd Buiuahau, where ii 
Ctmsm n ^mall stream by a dilnpidfttpd slonrt bridge, Tin' 
idircot rciad from JUt^tiiuvf-ud to TJhcnm Is mot ut Ihttt fjoiot, 
[fi mlbvt, fiuui All. llLtTuctj a nde of 25 luilea brought u£ lo 
~7flh*»ran. 



I 



Kotet oa thr Tojtd'jTapky of Ih^ Eastern ASiiti TVflrf, wtdfi 
netted on a frUr' jtla<yit ^f inti-tcJtf on the Pfrsittn borrUr. — From 
tbn lutitiiJi? Ill' A-nLndjud ibi? Albur/ MimiitiiiuM i-<inltiimt in n 
ftorried» unbrc-ken liLe^ eaetnard, for alout 100 luilefi to llie 
coict wbcT^ iho Kowdch Vidley culs ik^eu into the cbaijj- 
Tbenee tbt^y spread out, formiuff a bixwd expEinMf of Lilly 
CouDtry, extending north to ibo baoka ol' the maili branch of 
Hiv Afrik, unii »«Bt for TO iiulc^i. 

To the west, tiiia tract i^ supported by the Kah Zirkay, 
whii-li nlintx vu lh« tlurgnn Pfaiii. A line: of hvighls, rjnmfli'frd 
by low rid^e^ divide it from the Jfijutiu PlaiD on tho ^oulb. 
It is troTer£cd, from east to neat, by uutDeroiifl plateaux, moit* 
Cr l«ii Uvol, lorniju^ tho Gurguti druiuugu-btuiB, but dratnln;; 
also Bonth lo tlio desert, aJid Lorth iato the Alrak. Bovoud 
tbp Knh Zirkny tho rangf? Uf*tu itn etiPCTiutf of fiii^at, and thi* 
liiU-aloiM-» beeouie bttre anJ nif.xtid; but tho I'btLaux are for 
Iht' inofll [mrt ft^rtile, wi*ll wat^-red, and eajiabh' of Mipportin^ 
a Goniiidoridde jiopulaliiiti. Nardil^, the nio^t vretitrrc, han ii 
flcaall pcj^ukUou : hut ibo^e to ihe Mmit. ihw pluti-uuii of Kal- 
poihand L^iLfilit, rJmJiiing lo the Gjur;;haD ; Munaxn All Maidaii, 
SluiOjchnn, lo thr r-^irth ; Simnlghftn, to tin* nmlh and ifouth, 
are oompletelv !■ I ir ■. uijil (vm, bet^veen Kuril aud Turko- 
Itian, n rentral giouiiO. (*t' vrhieh neither mcc in ah\r, to retiun 
poNHFvvioii, l'*rijm lIil' Slijin^huii zitiii SirriJLl)j;hLui pluteuiii riw^s 
the Alada^h, a high iobf« of moniitEiiri, wbiob, together with tXio 

VOL. XLvr K 




180 3?AP1BR*« A'try of a TWr til fi^^nuMu, itm/ 



bnd, 

Mil. 



uujuuri], and \\& eouUicm apura into tlie Jajaxia or XsJi-rayiJ 
Plain. 

Ea^tn fromAlada;:k Aud ^is: tlic rau^e extends iufbhl^Iij 
uiibrok<?n line. fiiTliTtg abniptly intu Uk; itluiik nf l^frTM^iit^ nm 
^itli voji)' uDfluliLtioiifi iiiXif tUut ijt Kucjofjtui. Mir^kltiiua audi 
Sliulijtiuiii. tilt* luo lii^'h&Ht jieiiks ri^dt »La {il^iUilf rli^iiiilna^ 
of ubout ^OUiJ Ibot, wbifu aWvti xXv.' ploituQ nutlli tti]<! K<»ut1i tbej 
riiv^ OCOO feet and 4000 feet reei[>etti%dy. 

Ea»t of S1iitltj*.ihun llin rjuigo Doni]^ «oitth-i?iL«1, anrl U liroki 
by tlic plakuus of tiulljia Maldaiu iWi, nnd ^cHijibAd. HiBlDi 
tVow ibcTo it forms ft Uigii mnAgi known :m thp Kuh-i-Minibi 
dividing tbe cluitrkts of Niababfir and Mrtsh-ika<h raii» a^icuci 
Hlirrvlttljad, rtbcU'tf the lower MiifiU-Uii.<i ii*ail <*nitHi-* ll, and c< 
tinuc^i, soil ill -cost, about J^ mtloe Jiirtbor to l!aUbrjrx> wboi 
it Kitiuua ugab a ctiiHidcrubU; nlorntitin, iLiid Ib^'UE-r- un in 
broken Uno Deorly to Salhed on the H^rat and Fnrrah roarl. 
TbiM cliain may Lo €Uid to ioriu tbo aoutbcm cliaiti ot' tb& 
Albnra. 

Tho northern cliAin 'x^ connected with it by au open cloviil 
tnLt^'tidividJni; tUe jhlrtab-bml or Hi-ii miul baMtn man tbut uf 
Kuoi.<han or tbe Atrnlc. A lino of ti-^ulu fllr«t<'h ffiim a point 
3iJ 1o 40 milefl iiortii f>f Hujnui-a, aloHL' tlio ' Alnk,' i^tid 
theocCf 0outb-eaet, tow&rda K^lat, aupportiti;^' lu tbe ttonth on 
elevate 1 cspan^o of do'ni^ifi of cosy slope finud cullivivblc. reach- 
ing to tUo vjillty of Koocbun und SUirviiLn ; to t]iu nurlU, faUing 
wifb a *t4?ci> eb^po to the A(ak, and Un^wiu^ out, uoilb-weel, b^^ 
lim' 4>r lifiig)i(«, lOLliindiu^ for abuitt !()(» luiU^ into 11l«> dnrrrtf^H 
iu low ridjj^s and siLndbilL^ but falling just abort of junction ^^ 
vhitb tbo Ba^Utbii]^ ridgr^ an<l the i^Je\att.'d pMBt(ire8 on tlie ahore 
of that buv. EiuttwarJ e:iu*nLt fevttrul lono; rugged »pun, iLo 
tuottt uonlierQ one oTcrbauging tbo '' Atuk. u lar u^Uarebea^ 
to tb^ «niiLh of wbicb it fallfl inti^ tbo plain ; a «4?condi niuziiiu^ 
north of Dareb^os, into tbe \Abxxx U^twc^n Uurcbga^imd Abivoro! 
acrntfH whii'li bes ibe pais of AJUbo Abbar; a UiJrd, a lowridg^ 
coniK^eUoH wilb tJiu Kidut raug*.*. 

Ill tbe iioith*eikst slopes of tbia linv of peuks riwa Darahgai 
tUvani, flowing lo Uiu Atak ; in tbf? sontb-west tbe diflfc] 
tributary utreanid of tbo Atruk, cncloseil by epur^ <:i( 
far into tho Atrak-Giirgan I'Uin, 

lJ4L»t of tbt; AUab-hu AkbjLr i'a^ ibe Kelal innzi; oxtondfl^' 
Aoutb-eaalp for nboiit 180 uitlfH lu tbt? Hiti tikwI, fjdliiig norUi 
into tho Atiik, i;oiitb i&to tbo plain of Maib-had. Jt ba« ^ 
umforui MidlL uf uhoiil 4.^ to 50 jtijb^i, and JN eiccicdiotfl' 





Ndtt an thi RuOgni A&ttrx Trafi. 



IJll 



*j(it][un tin' -ipim ruumiig tiilu tliL- *- Atiik " 1n.-ui^ 
eipitous iwd jnaceossiblo thftQ taty otiior part ot the 
wliule range. TLt? prjut-ipol rlf^vuliiins^ thn KtiIi Inuuut, 
Knb Titmmaa, K&radngb, aod Takabbana, the laat, ^^OAtvaitb, 
hftrc a ncoiljr uniform elevation of about 7500 feet above 

Tho drairia^c of the East .^Iburz pA^soa almost ontiroly to 
tlirt ttt'Ht Hmf iictrl.li. Sunlit, ti»- wiitr piaiji tjf Joiivsiin »ml 
Uf^rajin (wI»ob is divided only l>y a aindo narrow riJj;^'). «Jth 
jt wiHlli of 30 t<" 40 iiiiliTu, nud n Icngtli, from tlip bonier of 
Niflbabur to Raibul, wc«t of Jajarm, of About 130 miIoe«, ii 
dr&iDGtl by a sincle natiow and almllow cbanneJ. known as tlio 
i-Slii:tr, wbu'K flciwi: liiidi-r ih'^ ruUi-Abrinhm. 'J^lic vuHac^ 

tbe plain 10 lovd and Ibo »uil fcrtili^; but from liick of water 
it nrpoiuni t<1'>riTe^ nnd in liltli? <*Mtl.iiAl'i[1- 

Tbii Ma^-had Plum bu-i a width vnryin^ from 1^ to 20 and 
^0 miles, uutl LH auiTouiiJt^d by h\^\i UitiimtiiiuH ; but, iiL'Tt^r- 
tLdotf, lis dminagfi feeds but cmi? »m%M «tri?4ni, tbu Kat^haf 
Uud. nhidi, naJng in an uxtvatdve mantb nT<ar thid village uf 
Hadltan. tio^vs for 50 miles to Mosh-hatip and tlic^ce 80 niiTes 
(o tin: I'ul-i-Kbfttan. tixccpt in bi^avy flomi, it i:t <?i'erywhrrc 
ible. The fi.^w Hmall slT^anis flowjn^ from the mouDtains 
loBt in tho irrigntion ohannols of the wide VftlJev* 

Tba iwn-iiiiial ?«jiir<'c» uftln? (iur^^rui V\t'% Ih-]iiw ibf^ <ic»iilr 
fenown Bfl the I>ihana'i-GQrgaD, 30 milea k-w.w- of Jajarm^ 
but a lurgo tTnrt <>l biily rfiiiiitry i;i itirbKhnl in i\,i^ Uuitj- 

Tho plateau of Kalpoih, hi^h, well-woaded, watered, ^ni 
Ecitilc ; the plateau of Daiht lo^-lving and barren, but eapaUlo 
«f puhiviiticjii, to the «mtb, tbo Cliandi Abhu* Phit<?au tn llie 
taat, thi-' Nardin BaaitL and alopea of Kub Zirkay (o the soutli- 
weirt. 'Irnin inl^> it> KHftilintf m spring h Xnvxvni tbrmijrb tlip 
liurgaD dL'fik', liolow ibie dtlUo (Roulo lt>) the liur^an 
Mi^auj riaeSp and ^lindft for IS to*20 niilc^ between encliwln^ 
bills to ('ur^an. wh<r<» tho spur enek>diif: \\ on tbo ri^ht dij4- 
apl>c^ni» in ibe plalu^ wbidi ojwuh to thi* went aiid norlL On it* 
banks are said to bo fine wiiodi! nnd paxtnreiL 

Gnrgnti i^ duacnbcd as an '^olant;,' or u;«adow» widi! and 
'jpen, <<Kt«ndm;^ tu the nioimtaJns *.\zi the ojip hand, and I0 tiie 
Uiir^aa rtpconi on the other. It bw* jx^rmanrnt camps, i^r 
M'tlltrmi^iilji «r tbf CiiibhiiB tribe, with niltivatida aud plaiilbtiiiMH 
of itinl berry. The vaUey above is not occupied, having been 
tniich oxpo^ind to raids of tbo Akhn) Turkomans from Karnkalln^ 
whenca tnew la a pood bridle-road from north-ea^t, across thtt 
broken, mountainoLis coimtiy inlencning between tba Atrnk 
tribnlary Btrtxamn. 

K 2 




133 Xapier'^ Diary of a Towr in 



Bcluw Gurpin, tlic Gurgcui »troAm roctnvc!* iU lit^t tribu- 
tary IiriH^k friitii iLd iiurr.1i ; bjt th«t lllls lKiuiidirk[^ in th:it 
direction €XU?nd fDr wino di^tiLHoo fiirtlicr in broken uiA<iu* 
hLLiiiiM. M\d ili*np rtivtnts rurniur thd !i)dj>uh to lliH buulu uf thd 

On the KHilb bank tbc siufiicc «f tbo rollcy uppcart 1cm 
brolii-u. The Atroam U disiaril s^^iae Iti to IS mil^s from tho 
bi*c of the iDounlAinfl, nbich arc coTcrcd wJtb dcnjc forest, a 

thorn and the plaiii. thenco, to vitbin a fuw xniloa of tbo sco, 
ihn ntrpiiui flfms ia ii ibx-p bod, ihtT v/tllry wfdmLing out tn tbd 
south aud m^rgiu^ nivrtU into tho Atmk Plainn From th^ 
Aouth it lecoiYcs Bomo tnliin^coutiibutiViiifi from Ka1po»h Rid^, 
the sln^JUDs Kemwul and Ningiir, iini tlie draiiiaco L>r ib^ 
Kohaar Platoaii. a bi;;h block of unduUtiag tablo'land, eup- 
puitw) Hi ;i height tti lUOO to 1500 feel above ibe plain by tbo 
jBOaibc^ru ^pur^ ttf Hub Zirkay. 

The pbitfiait Iiii8 n leii^-^lli of about '10 mile.*, with » width of 
10 to 12. It has ample nood and water, andamoHt ft^rtilo »liU, 
supportiDg without irrlgatiuu a po{jii]aL!oii ftaid tu nucaher TOOO 
fftTnitioti. Tbo largejft vtIlagB»tj DcauLin, Faraag, Punj'iUi, bavo 
1000 boiiA-a each- 

ft iJt pmU-H^'d on ntl tM^s by pnwipitons hpight* fmin thd 
Turlcaniaiih in the pbiin bcdgw. Two flccp vullc}-^ drain it, ono 
riiDuiu^ from l^nrAyau, in wbieb flowH ttie Tara fttream, thfr 
othur kaosrn ilk the Hnjitur " J'urra," or glon, from a tribo of 
that name Wati^l tbero; a third Muull rttream faJhi into tlio 
Kowdoh etroam at Kdticbi (Koute 17), 

Though t>f nmall cslenl, the |>late4iii b;w many special poitili 
of int4?]'«6l, flU8pendod, tis It }». midway between the floe plain of 
Uiir^nn and tlio main range of Alburai, rising to ^0<X> foot ; it^ 
Lrliiimie and vt'tTn-ry ure ma^ninceiit. It* pu|)u]nLif>H hi'^in p4*r- 
haps a lar^r ratio to area than any other rural community tq 
iPoTvi^i, ancL living, m they do, witliin i»iglit (if the Yomal** 
"obahs," the villaf^^rs enjoy the moat peifeot aecurity nud unti- 
Ciuillity; nhile their fellow-stibjecte in KhoiaMiu], tirotoctod by 
200 milaa of wat*?i']e»^ d^^sert, are daily carried off into »lflVtfiy, 
A» a cantonment for any force of Kuropcan troopa Otr even of 
Prrwsan troojjs, for unless native*', ihey siilTri" s**vrn.>ly fromlhe 
eliniBleofAatmbfld) holding tb«Gurgun-Alrult Platn, ho butter 
Bpot irt to he found on the wlnile range. 

From Gurf^Q to tlio Gunba^-i-Kana, botwocn tbo matmtaiiu 
and tb(^ Atreaiu. the plain la occupied by tht?Otrkluu[t, HOmr-SOOO 
or^OOU tisntB, Then;»ft alonj; Mli banks of the sea ihe Yomnt 
" Chuniurp/* or pettier^ ore m jKisaeaflien. The Xo^drh ntKaia 



I 

I 




^'otcs on the i^dtHern di^ur^ Tract. 



ISii 



■clrjioiiur tho \aihy join^ the l*urgaii|\?ost of Uic Gunbux, imivh 

Fmm tlm jioirit where the slreains leavo the Iiills, the l*pr- 
i bonWintlr plain may bo said to begin, ibrtlic Uoklixn rmi 
Hjijilar tribe u^e only uomiijally tribiiturv- Thence a wide 
bc'Jtt^ti'orcstan'l canc-brakc, witliseattorci yilWceaod dciknne^ 
«\lL'iidM Atio^ Ulc Iulh* iif trliL* n)i>ijnr4tinA om mr u^ AsitnUwiL 
Tho cdgeof tbe forost everywhenK marka iLo border; bevond^. 
|tbe oj>eii j>litTn h in nndiwpnUid jiossr^ssimi ^►f the Yi»injl>i, Tliv 
yUhgOi la tbii£ foro^ tra^Tt uixt Itir^^ta and popnloaa, lUd two 
Ijclnlu, or di§ti-icta, Fludaibk and Katul. into which it is 
ikividi?)], hiving, it h (^«fimati?4l, togetbor vlth KultHptr, Wl'i viU 
\e^C9 and ^O.OOJ IioU£t:b. Of Izite years (cultivation Ufm luucli 
Rxtuiidej), owing Uia I'ise in thp jirir^of trfieiit nn<l tlip inrrffLxi^d 
■demand Tor ootCnn ; and tho Ibrus^ Hum bi^un clcurt^ in (lurU u|> 
to the b»so of ibe bilt*. The |jri*ai>ut ijeiwrntiun oi Turkoiuaiu 
h iilfio eiud to bo moro Addicted to tilling tEio land tiuin thoir^ 
Auctetors. iind moro ittcliiml tu s-.-ttlti. The ''Chumtira" 
moving therr cjink|» but rarely aod in a limited circle. Tbc^AO 
uud other caiiHrii liavr much ultoi'rd thn toco of tlio vatUryi uud 
iDirtft ouutiuue to du ko^ Bcfoiv uitiny yt.-'iLnt am utut, if even 
thu present mcoj^uro of good govonjiucnt And socunty oontiDiic, 
iJli- Imi^lcleHM iori'M. iind is^nr^rtioiiit irf rr^i^il Utilii uF a |K>|)ii]aluin iu 
A chronic etafo of fionio ^ill have ;;iven placo to a cultivated 
plkiin^ conibiiiiiig the ^iconerj oVft vv^-ll'Woodfd Kncliuli ri-iiintvy 
with tho L'limiiU' vi Soat)j«ni ItjilvTiiud studded wub rod-roofed 
Tillug:^8^ fitaiiding out buIJIy amoci^^^t oicbards and gjvrdi 
Attit niMin the sea thi* hunkn of thn Uurgim hdi, and iU twinent 
bocomee aluggish. It ia said to bo fordjiklo ovoryv^hero except 
Afr<*r JlcxvK It rear'he^ tho 8ea bv twn innnthx thnm^li u Ikit- 
TCii 6ut, on wLecIl are catn|>^ oi' tlio (Jgui'jhUy, the t]'uain;;-trjbe 
of Yoututa. 

Thft Jiirpeat tnbntary (or main rtreani)of the Atrak, ibrrGor- 
mtildiana, draltM tiin )>fnti'»ux lying ut^rlb imil I'unt uf KuoL-bau, 
tho wo0tem ntopea of tho Kelat chain, the Kooclifin rinin, imd 
' 4}w inountAini bounding it on tho soLith ; an arua of ubuut 2W0i 

liwa inih'jt, for mill g thi^ nf^^e^ \ntit of the draiiia;;^b-bii*iiiL 
aouth of Koochan, it roc-circj tho wntcrs of t\ It^rg^o 
MprjDg kniiwn ji* thr Kiim Kiuesu. lltn m(mti'<l wiurrt-, uUo a 
small Btreaiii from tho north of Sliirwan. At 45 to i>n utilei! 
froni Kill Yutuf Hliun, thu point at which it enters thr Koo* 
diiUi PUin, it dinttppuHm in ^t nan'ow gdrgi? kcitiwn hji the Tuug- 
i-KciftUid.Jindcontuiaea to flow thyuee between hi^h nionutainA 
W.N^w, and w, Ibr nbout 40 miloif Xn Sliini^ tt lur^ Ti1b4J[e, 
ft* miktt H.w. frnni linjiiurd by rond, n-mviiig ^maiJ fcH'oamfl 





184 Xapler'^ DiGT^ofa Tour ut Kharmtatt^ emi 

from the Itujnurd^ and t!ie mountains forming the wftt«T«h(^' 
Ifi to^O mil('>i dinUut, U> Un^ mn-ilJi ; from lite north thit dmiiiugv 
of Enabklianii rUlfim, liSO to 4U jnilea uorlb-eAdt. 

Fmm Mnna, Alh-iut SO milH*:, to ttiA ItUat'i-Atmk, th^ poin 
f^f juDrrtl^iii of tlic ('iiLitiriir iBtn?nm from ll)t> uortli, llic Gem 
kWiH jlons ttruugli h uuiaiii'v of low tiillfl tuid plateau Beam 
vvitli riivinesp T\w spur or ridgo (if tlie " AUik** dijkin bonnding 
it to tljc uorth risos bi^li, iUid ih dtlHt^ult to cross ; ibaL ki Uio 
south iso&ti}-. 

The dircot rood to Manu from Sliirvrui is said \o bo voiyWl 
Aiid ^^robiibly ib S'j, for the gorge is narrow and witiding. 

Vr\itT\ thrr soutli, from Miitahncj or Isfcroyin, two roodfi poAi 
(1epr(?A¥lL>as in t!u^ rid^-H of iliw Kiib Salig, miO rroseiiig fJie Bu^ 
mini FUId, roadi thp vnTIov of < iennokhans, ("Routoe 14, 15-) 

Fmtn 8jLn^1i<Lit two rckadg tkirt thr Koh Btihar: out-, to tho 
wcel, %^To^ tTLL^ Shaoghan Plc^in. and west of Kub Korkhii<] to 
the t^n Germekhftna* Wid thciioe to Poshkala (Kovite 11), a good 
brutTr^roLid, c^r^i^mg only^ oh<* low nd^e ; ihr- ^ther fo (lie ifVfivt, 
cT0B8jn^ tvo ridgoa and passing Ohalkiah Kafut to Cliibl Uuzr 
(IWtt? 18), »aiJ to be more clifliouU. 

From Nai'ilin tlieri^ is otio road said to be pufsablo for ffiuis 
down ibe '' Atuk/* and in all re^^pects the best. 

From CliiU! Qtar » road Jolk^ws th<* alream westward to llw 

?lriin, and one from Uurgau ti> K^ra K.i11a triiyer«ra the YftlleY. 
liiB v'A» the rtifid irLO«l. ii»ied h^ theTekkeh in their niid»< souiJi, 
vii«ii th^' bod poa^asiuu of Kuru KiUo. 

Inadditkiti tothesE^ bentrn frni lisl^ero an* innnmemblefoul- 
jiaths n&d bridlo-patbu ti^fivcr^tJ^ tlK< v^tllcy, trhidi \fy in fnci* 
aiOt-tiaaibltt to tho active burHt-uit'it of iLt? r<iuiitry at all iviitin. 
Bidow Manii tho vaUoy 0p4iiff idighlly; thohilM ctiL^-losine it are 
bare or cttMuitily dollied vHth MTiibunO jiiu){>cr, but the fnodag^ 
of ih^ stream cnolofiS many riob and fertile pasturee, whlok nt 
tlw " Chat " widen out n\\o broaci cTCC n prairif^ ntoccupicd nnd 
unvJHited, ^ve by uir^oiLHl |MU^ug " AlntiiaEirt/^ 

The Ohftndir dmine tbo wost.orn spurs ol Koh tliffuu. a hifirh 

In^rik bt^nrio^j about tuiflb-wi-nt frciiri Shirwun, and frnm Hhari- 
wJiuig flowB west. It je traversed by tbret' rvuda, tcivc>D in 
Houtea 14, 15. 18, mid by the mad IcnOing fioinGorgaii to.Kar» 
Killo. After passing for about TO miloa through a rough hilly 
tract it rcccjvo» from the north the Ab-i-t^mit. » Mib-tnbutary, 
diaiuiiig the most iiorlhrrn spur of liu- At«lc clmin. The 
jniiction is known as the Cbat-iC'liaikdir. Thence bciuiiiL^ 
wnitb iL joiiw tlu^ Af.rak at tlje Cliat-i-^trnk. 

Tbo Ab")'Su[it dmids tlit long LjKh Mmr of ibcAtiik chain, 
tbich tbrms the boundary nail of the "Atnk/' and ruiiit t^urlh-w 



4 




Jfyfs «i» tht EaOtrn JUhvrt Tfvutf. 



135 



'-I ■**-■ *^ -»>, '-iiij "J ■mtii' «^IAI ) [TlilLKtn till 11^1 I' ».'l tru. J>04 1« 

J ibo Dnnht I*Uleaii and then to tlie ''Auk." it hfta Wen 



Kiail Arrui into tlio rlo9crt To it^ north lioe the " Dwhl," 

>ldUftU, diriilui] from Xht river \iy low r!H^«, nnd rinius 

Inul iilrtpi? up to ()]« uifthi rid^. NcrlL-w&st and «a«t 

moiintiiinit niu:^ to Jt considerable height. At the 

)n4ht.'* tin llic Hj>ur of tkc* moauiluiu kuovu ab 

?iiHBr»f: Sur, or Sunt Hur, fiUnrls the fort of th^r Kflnt 

<»n to 

tU« w^cnrt of fwrijui'-nl ulnigglo* bptwi>pii thu 'l^urkomiin** and 
Shahdilti Kurds. Some four y^t^ts ago the 84bAin-tt*4^atiUf 
ILIihnrmn or (Thiol' cf the (Shah^lila. lod a «fDall force nitli a 
few ■^iiiTt kjfufint it, itnfi wikvcEvhcl in *rft|ilnnrig it nlVr fi eJt'gfi 
of eomo days, arjd two iinaticccatfnJ UBaauJtfi. The ouneiit 
UGi'utint fif iiiiwiJTnit ik pmbthly Cfxngzrrrntprl lu to the hniii^y 
loeeee enatained; but tlit^re ia no doutt that thi? Turkonuuu, 
baviiig their wivc^ aud families with them, futi^hl'hard. They 
numbered 300 or 400, and but ft»w of thorn ('^('apad- 

Tho fact that the light g:atia lakfrii with thi^ foree ^^re able 
to bttrak thn walln of iho fort im worthy nf nr>tp, lu nhowin^ tlint 
il eanoot be yery formidable (-ither in j>D«itii>n or conalnic- 
tioTi. The Per* inn force retiimfnl afler pliindenn^ tli*:^ iiean'^st 
"obaUi*," ftcd th» fort romftinrrl nno^^^ujurd. At^vr the fall of 
Khiva, a body of GuLlbiLK, miicI to iiuiulit'i' 2'K* niiiidios fugi- 
tives from th«ni>e, witli %ht> aAS^nt of iha llkhatii, took pof- 
Bie«eion of, ^nd re[>oirod tho tbrt> They di<l tiol. however, 
obtflin nndispin^d ixiSGeflftion, for th« Akb'aL Tekkeh. who had 
OpprLW<l their jHisaag^ tif the de«crl, atUckcd Ihem fr<*q neatly, 
ami there is said to havv been 40[iit* hanl fi^hftng. The Hoklaji 
etill romniflod in posBrawion, and are jiomirftlly Irilntory to 
tbf llkliMtii, iLJid Ut Persiit — a rurHunr Ih^vl lh<'y \\n\v h-mcied 
with th" Akhal. and thus gjvea off'^oce to Ku^ia, who fitill tP' 
gardi them a?i hor snbjoirtjt^ nnd only awntt« an opportunity to 
coeree theiu, though |K>«eib]y without foundation, invests tlie 
I)til<r garTison writh an mtorcrt to which it would othcrwiin hftve 
no idiiirn- Fnun the ftnl t*i the Cliatri^iandir, Uiy point at 
which a force attacking from thr^t direction t^ohII enter tho 
hilU, m a dijdttn«-<i of aWit K fEir«nkhei. Thu mnd, with the 
oiej^plicu of the la^t 2 furxakhe. is aaid to bo not difficult, but 
the spijrs of tlfc Sang iMch, a ridge lying north of the Chat, 
(ind running *oulh-wc*fit, do«a in on the ifltream, and musi fonn 
a difficult d*!liK Tlje road from KiEil Arral to Kara Killa 
fRontit 14) IH Maid ia\yt' {M-^njiblr- for Q:uns; but u fnr(-i\if (^omiii;^ 
from the Atmk, at'ckinc lo attaok irom that aide, luuat march 
for some days acriw* a barren, waterlem trai'l to tnrn ihv Atak 
range. Infantry marohing from Balkhau lo Ettil Arvut would 



l^l> 



XAFicit'ir Diatif t^a Tour in KM&rirtsaUj tuui 



be ilep^ndeDt od the supply of wafer thc^ coiild carry i 
them, at IcMl hctwcrn tho iJircc point* where wjikr is TooDd. 

Frum lilt* Clitil-i'Atnik^ :\iv fxiiTil of jiirK'^doti of all tlui 
principal tributary alrcnius of the Atmk, to the i=cft I ho rircr 
IiRH n luiiinn^ of jlIhhiI 80 niilivt, liiTmliu^ Utwnnlv Uir? inicitli, anil 
awuy froiD lUe ooli^r ran;*^ Tlie fertile pkin betwe«ii it mod 
tUe QorgoD Lies oa one side, Tarying in nidtb from 12 to 7 
ftiniLkb« on t\w otlii*r, and atrvt^biiifj; away far to the ttortb, a 
wide exLfaJifl<r of barrf^ii dcsort. 

Tb* imnks oC tlir Atrjtk am KAid to Ituvcf nonu uf tliii »tin 
linff fertility of iho (^ur^un Plaia. Tlioro arc pasturee and 
patdie^ <:■!' riTllivut fon, wulr^cil liv ejirjil^ fnim tht' Atmk, hut 
ncit tli(T i^poutoitooua nud luxunaut ^ ct^utatiou ut' tha ttaot 
Hirtber south. The luiiii of lurgo citiea tetflify, hotrever, to 
t)L9 fact iJiHit iha nortlKrii pljiin in former times ifnpport^ ft 
Jarge population. The i^xL&tiu^ cana]« frotn the vivvi aie «hAred 
|by the Jafar Bni find Atii Hai ohiiis of Yomuts, The former 
Ht^ in pn.rLs Hits^an auhji-'otrf, the lulUr nominally IVrsian. 

The Atmk Wiywn int^i the CiiHjfian ut thi3 leuil of a deep 
iudentntion, fanning a toy or n^imry kncwn as Hjunn Kuli, 
'i'\w ethiijeh i)f tilt? liny art* Uutt HfUiify« and (mrrrji, Ou tlitt ^^ 
north ehoro, n^r tbo nrpr, is the Ugnrjhily Yomot eeUle- ^U 
mfint of Hmeui Knli» and 2 fnmukhs further down the fort of ^^ 
ChikUhliar. ihe bas^ of oper^ttons of Marko^oflTs eolomn when 
a<.-ting in tlio dircetion of lihivo, nnd at one time held pet- 
iuari«?|]1Iv hv th^ UuKsdiiTjs, hnl now jibiiiaJLint<tL 

Some miice above iiae&n KliH th? plain beeomea coveted 
yi'iih liitc' jmHl.Eirr-A, uhlrli ixlr-ml fn:- 2 or !t fnmnkhH up llio 
strearo. Tbdeo arc known as the "Atrak/' tind ure alwun 
de^t^Jialrd ty that name, and uob the river. iulIcae it bo 
api-eiiUly m«nl:<irn!rj- 

From 10C» to 150 mik'n uoi-th of thu t-jluary lies the traet of 
ennntry known lo tin* Tnrko»n[inB sp ItalkAn, It ih Uei^ca'ibi'tL 
nn aji cl&vuted Htcppf>t ^vith roi ley hei^htn rctKhin;; to the ahcret 
of the Caxpian, and h)tig (^loijes tu the noritli and eattt, merging 
into tho tfenorol level of tne desert. Th^ire nro many lin<» 
pabturt^A wid s*pi'iH[^»», Tht* suow. whiiJj ot>v«rii iha lUEiuutaiui 
and higlior )t]ope« in wintfir, mttltin^ in epring Leaves Dumerooa 
poolft, arounti which the Yomut nonjads uom the Onrgan pitch 
their ■ummer-ejimps. 

On Uic hoy of litilkan in the ltra?ian settlement called by 

iliem KrnsuovudHk, and kihjwn to ihf- Yoinutjc ajc Kiv.il Sit^ 

[niutd to tl^e more distant tribod, the Akhui and Mctv Tekkeh, as 

Khrth Ka{]am,urMnl]akftri. It w the only H^Kit yet permjinently 

Ofciijned by them on the auuth-tudt C0A»t ol^ the C4U|iittn. 



IfyU4 m the Etuicm Alhin TVod. 



137 



KmtnovcKltk, or Kml Su, Ib mfkrk>?d on our i»fipi en tho 
fiortU altOTCf of Itolkmi \iay ; Unl thi? T»rk[nnjtDn ]rbu« it on 
thit floinJi shore at lh» loLt>m of a Httle bay, known ra Kir.il 
8u, nml on the Bho«> of a tract Icnown m IXtrvfl 0'' Daryaciia), 
3 or 4 furaiikliH nortli of Ihr.^ lirvt ItusimiL M<tlWiijii1, callei! hy 
ibcm Kfiifa l^u. Xbi^ to probably Mikailovak, the Gnt tcttlc* 
uiiuil tm tbif iTiLU i'litmi mmty iimbr f br rmVrK nf iW Govumor- 
G«iwnl of the Vrnmufxi-t m ltf5!^. 

Tbe iHwftion of Kull Su is fnrtJi^ flxoi) 1^ relomint to 
tbat of the Ldond of CJiolckoni wliidi may be nre^aiuecl to b» 
correctly p1a«<ed iii our laknt maps derived from UuMiAn 
wourL'njL T}i<r Tnrkomane <^oscnbi? k\t\] 8ti lut lyiog o{i[io«jtef 
CboLekcD, ^md n'iihm a lon^ gunshot, th« ^naanol not eo 
mp or wifTe as to prevent tho pasw^r* of n finn<i"tn?ui ; wblle 
KiasnoTodiJ;, &« nt prefect placed, hof: tbo ^vhulti depth ^nd 
widtU of tbt? ll&lknu Bay lji'ltet?fn it aud Chelekeu. 

Tho now fort is said to fltand on tb« «pur of n hill ut^ar tbd 
thore of tlicT hnv, nnlnrally «rar[to(l oa utio vide, and larroimdod 
by a eIodo wulT on tb'.- oilier. 

Water AM at dr»l obtained only frum two or tbrce wd^ 
and by difctilting tbo fen-wiit^r <tn Iwuvnl tbt' Ataaniar^ bat a 
good eiipply ia Ziovt procxirvd from new wells, Tho whole Dftrya 
Inii'l in sriid to be Incapable of euUivftiimi ; ibn ml bi^jug 
barren and Jiuuly, mid the supply of vrator duflcuyDt, ev^n for 
tbo Turkoziiau btrrdfl. 

Tbo one Hnotwh<^ro tLore is water atut noil, sot looea Band nor 
ixapjega^UM witb anlt, }n tirMV K&ita Hu, ou tlic margin of a 
!urg*» oedi pool. 2 or 3 luilea from tho ahort*, whieb W!« *jnic" 
yeare ago (>ccopJ<?d by tho ICnsiianjf, who buT« bnilt hottsea and 
plftnled gardeui. At Deh Sbarbat, 4 (nrftikhH I'mm Ki/Jl Su, 
aiid beyond tlio pool, ciro aoiae '^ obahv *' of tlut J&far Bai> eub- 
iei^t to Ituuin, unit it wtih llioru tluit tbu Tekkob made tljcir 
likto raid m di^fiance of tbo ItnBfiiac Goaoral. Thv troops at 
Kixil Bu aro k^-pt eijpidtod from Baku, tvca live stock and 
bread being brought tJienco. There ia rognlar steam oom- 
munication. 

Sonxr diRinnc? round bjr acn froFi Ki«il Su, at the bead of 
the Lttlkan Bay, w whiit m dc-icrtbed as Ibc port, or landln^- 
i>Iei(^(% probably the point of deluirkaLioii of ii |HirtitFii of the 
kbtvnn Forco (tbo main body nppcur to havo landed at KiudtiU, 
further up llin uueuil). It. ih kriuwn a^ ^hdkadam, or Mullukari, 
and filao by iLo Vomnts an Knim Sa. Tho first two Tinrnm 
jiinrk wr iln'or Irr^b vsjiUt. Tbr plact- is not i*ermanctitly oc- 
cupied, but u lookt^'d upon aa Kus».iii- 

From Balkan to th« ocoi«Ft TckkcL "obaU" is a dirtaiicw 



138 N'AriBK^j Diary (tfa Thvr in KhorCMan, and 



ofl^O to 170 mi!e^ and e:ic&pt in vpring (licre ia no p:t&fls» and 
Imt litlli' nixinr on tli^ roft*i, Thenc* Uj Byiit R«JT on lln-- 
Alrnk the diHtiniCL' ]?< a Httb Ictitt, but tbe cc^untrv more bum^o. 
No attempt to pommtmicflle direct wa* mjuip during Ihp lati' 

Tbtf Uiw^L kmjwn iiM tilt? "Atak" im ihe belt of frrlilfl land 
ext?iKiinf^ alonf^ the base of the ALbnrs, from tlic» Hori roo'I 
t^ Kuil ArT;Lt, » iTiM'iiiirr of itbutit 830 niJU^ Itn width 
is varyin;> and nndofliicd : ull bej^ond. thai ia t^ tbe nortb, ia 
kuowii M the "Kum>" or desert 

TIm? wholfi atrip of LYHjiinr i"")-, for eonvftidem*, be divided 
into tbree soctiona, tbo Atelc-i-Kelat, tbc l^arcbpie Atak. and 
the Akh»1 Altilc, — n pnlifjrjd mid n]iui n niittrnd [HviHinn, juHti- 
fifid by fiome diversity of natural f<^iLturrT0, 

Tbo Kolat Atfik commeucea near Ab Derbuid (at Zarabod. 
19 milea wf?st), imd etreti^hes weet ntioiit 101) xnilcj* aa for aa 
'AbiTard, or BavtH, tbe older foi'iii. It indndaa in ita width 
tbe course of tbe TaJBtid as far wa^t aa th*> wooded ruid forlilo, 
though uninJiftbit^d. onaes kttown by thut name. Kctirccn the 
habitable and cnhivablo hJll-akirt and lb>> Tajand tbena is^it U 
tmc, a wule rtrctcb ct desert, but thor h^ve niway^ abarod tli© 
anTiiB forlHiiPs. btflh ritber deserlerl or in the banJt iif Pi*niiiUi& 
or Turlcomnni?* 

Th(? Ktliit rniigp rcjirhrs tlie Aink in Intig, rnggrd apurv, 
pointiuf:; for ibe most part let the eaat, and sLibeidiur! in a m&M 
of roagh raVLDe-oIeft nndnlations. ila.ny tine atreaons ri«o in 
itM glens aitd, reiulLiii;: tbe pluin, c?arry brond Iiupm of jwitun^ 
acroaa tht.* desert biilf-wiy i't Tajand, 

From tb(* vhk\, t.bi> llnd. In Kiicrf^-ufnn of tb«(iitn*ntn« ]% known 
as tho Ab-i-Hbur. On it* baukti arc two or tbree villap:ce 
known collecfively as Chacba, re-ucciimtd witbln tbe laat two 
veorSf and bbiviiic now n population of lOQ Ehmili;.'*, tok^n from 
Kekt «ind Maab-iiad, 

Tbt* sofond, iho Ab-i-M^bna. on whioh ie a small vlll^igci or 
"obali " of TeKkch Ttirkomriinis who bare booD induced to Mttio 
there by the Kbnn of Keldl. Mr^hua waa ouc^g, it iii Raid, & 
dt;; in ihf. timi? of the fSnfnvions n larp:c ton-n; hiter, m 
Nodir'a tJiiit', a laigf> «<arnp t>f Tc-kkiibK, nnd for fifty ye«ra a 
dwoUte ruiiL Thf> history of Abivart. Chaeha, and Tajand is 
theaanie. 

The Ibird in eucccssion ia tlie Kolat stream, et;id to be not 
krgor tlian tbe other «trcami, baviag. 20 milps alwrc tlic hill- 
ekirtr a wkltb of 12 Ut li feet, with an average dqith of 2J feet 
and a e^^ifE curront, a antUcioTit stream to trrigatt.* a lari|;d atrotoh 
of ooni-!aud. Mut ^Liwiiig throngh lUiy Alnk for wevtral tnili*j« 



4 
I 

i 



X^ea ini tJiff EaXfm Albtir^ TVaft- 



139 



the village of Chard«b, olivi lati^Iy r<voociipied by 
dmims. Wwt of the Kelat rtream b the Abi Archiu;!:aD, 
<m wLidi ai-e tlirui? smull uow wttleiueiite — Igilnlik nnd Ar- 
cMnfian. 

Tnc Abivaid streAm> kiiowa &a the Uud*i-KibkaD, rises iu 
the ptaU'au norih-cjut of K(x>cIlaii, pAtsitig through tliif Klbkan 
g^tco, and r^climg the pl^En ut AUvord. wUen> tb«re ure ext«u- 
MirnruiiiMnf thii Anibp€«n<>L The stream in onfof the IftrgeKt ; 
it ta dnivn off Ui wnttir Aonic of the rillos^^n oi^ Dart^li^nx. 

TlieDiirt^lij^'ikZ AlakextfiirU fVom Ablverd, ivhiohiFiDoniiDally 
vrilhiii th<i liiniti; of the Stftto of Pflrchga/, to Gawnrs, nbotit 00 
Etiilts. It iH rtttti'M-U bj- n t^lteaiu riaiti^j in K(K>trUati mid fluwuig 
thnni^Ji l)ftreht»az. It has twenty viHagosaion^il* leni^th, j*otii<* 
of conttidf^rablc ai/c, tht* tolnl popiilation bcitic reckoned nt 
50(K)> Oawais U aToUkeh "obaV the prineipatmen of which 
arc in tJio pay of Ulc Kliana. 

Abirig Llut OarrOigu:^ hlrraiii) ciilliviilioii exttmdii for 16 to IS 
milc^ tato th& doecr^ uuil ^oin is riuemd mor<> that mifficiont 
for h>ru1 <xinHiztijitioa. 

About ».s.w. irom DareLgaz the AtJik ratip<' nuw in an im- 
broboa IIutt of heights fonned by t^u Hiiura, ime (ndin^ in a 
p-ulc calhui tbn Zarin Xiib, overbangiti^ the Daroh^iut AtnkrUtid 
arainiug its soiithrm slope^** into tho I^nichguK »trcA.ai ; tht? othor 
prolong^- without any great H&pressions, as far an HhW Arvat, 
LUid tlicnco snbsi'Img far away in the desert; ib dmitmge 
n.'ai.1iirjg th(^ AlmU by tht- Ab-J-Siiut tribuUry. Tliere nre 
no stroams, lut mnny brjoks nnd eimn;?^, alcng iho biwii t>f th^ 
binghhi^ fr(Hn wLirh' the fertile bull fitt'iid* lor ^ »)r llJ luiltsu 
The **obahs" of the Akhal Xekkc-h ilrelch in a line from 
Gavrars to Eizil Arvat, and tbcy hold also Aohkabad acid 
Aiinau, Nissa, Wehiia, and Kiire;^, fertih^ tmt'tit of pasture-land, 
6Dclos«l by rL'-ent<*nu^' auu^les of the- lino of mounlains. From 
Kari'W tlii^n; is a roul-e t> Khfv/i, u jnurtiry of Iwrlvf? d/iv* ri>r 
ciuneb, a!o»t; a lino aaid ti> hu provided with wella i^t cncli 
stage- The Taj^md slream dncB not n'ttoh su far wrwt n:< tbij*, 
but on tlitr tbinl day tbf '^Oguox/' or tiM l>od of lhi> Oxua, is 
9ed. The Turkomtui liomeiimui rejich Khtra in aix davs, 
h«> ^r^t pn8^ osu^t of ^Wrabad is one from tbo Bcfltam 'TMn, 
ing tht: Allmrj; to Our^n, a Iidc liltlo likely (o bt naftd, 
and preeeDtisg also gr«At imtarftl dtHlcuUiGs. It uaa trave^^d 
fomo year? a^o l>y a IVr^ian forc<> of 10.000 men. with thirty 
^UQjf. Irf-aviii;: Bonliim, It p^LHsen ovi-r ih« plain iiorth^eMPt. 
ctiosi^s a hi'-h ebonlder of Khu^hyGilak Mountain, into the 
Novrdoh Vatfi y nt Chi]iii?ik> ami tbrnco tip tho valley to Narliii, 
iho Kul|roali Pialyau, and over a liigh ridg^ of the Gurgan, 




1:10 XAricuV Diary of a 7)^ar in KfwroMcit, and 

TI>o totfll of foot of OMomt bj ttie roiito wonM bo from 7000 to 
8UO0. tli« total i3«»ccut from 800(1 to 10,000. The Vcmm 
giuw wiJ-rf*, of ccufse, di't^iffod by liau^l nil ihrauph, 

Tht road over thr; Klinshycilak Moiiutjiin wimlil m ordbiary 
"inters be clo*ed for two or three months, Th« TJarrfin ami 
Xun^doh t*GBB, tho next in succ&wion, t.hoH^h litllcf iiw4, ia 
«)iijrifr. hiifl 1irt.li fc^^rr Tizilurnl dlfllLHilLiefi tmin pi^rliupi Hliy 
otiior lino Ibnt could be solocted in tlio wbolo Icn^tli of lni> 
Albur:c. tt lirs in n din^ct linc^ bt^twixTn At^ttiilin/l aiid J&- 
JAnu, in th& T4?ry tra^k of any force rnarohing froni the ani to 
ihc wo«t For iho con«tniction of a railway it olTci* fanilitice 
only exceeded bv iboite of Iho more cin^uitouii ivmto to the eaA 
l^y tho Uurpan X)otUi?. 

Fr<ini Jiijanii Jo tho Snng Surnkb Pufi^ (I^J^te 17) lli'^ nmd 
is open and ^ood, und tho necoiit tnfliug, Tho foot of the 
!*jiinii jws mny ™l'*o be reatrbtd from Mm^^a^, in the DcMtain 
riuiu, l>y OQ jisoL-cit of only a few hundred fi^t i]|] n long liuc £>f 
■^en, easy plateaux, oneaioi' on to the MutUl^u. All Maidan/ 
Fmni The fiioE, of thu rnss u\e hill ahoxe Maiamai is di«tim'lly 
vjaible> beanug due south. 

The fi>1Tuni»^ giTf« tlio approximate distances and gradients 

to tliO 



1^ u^.M*i«tiK <-iiiv tnjuk^ii 

fi>1Tuni»^ giTf« tho approximate 
odgo of the Gurgnn I'ljiin :— 



4 



HarUoft Alt Vaidjin to Xmdla-^ 

Jbcwl 

1Cb*3'. uuJblAlSpg 1. •< •■ 

DuO^ut ., ,, ,i » at 

l^W , 

Sfurdln to Nowdoh— 
GMitle oicciLt ■• ,, .. .. 

PMfUKMmt) 

Stn*iu (dtscfiol) .p .. 
K-VUiM (dviicnnt) > > .> . » 
NoirM (dwMHi) 



UjIm. 




^ 


eoo 


? 


£50 


1 


-1 


4 


loa 


2 


liOO 


^ 


noo 


23 


ssoo 


ID 


i«ou 



From thf- Hang 8urnltb Piias tii tlip bottom of th<> Nartlin 
Pam Iho roftd is covered with anow in winter, bnl it ii* nowhere 
tnncli eipciped. 

From Wardin noriUuard to iLe AtoJt the only pass naH to bo 
pra^tirahlo for guns is that givea in Ifoiilc 18^ but iiny Imn 
cr*jwing lh(» whob* of the Atrsk tribiLtaries must necessarily 
be a diJfcuJt one, A robd stacking to gain the Alrak without 

* Ualdu. 



n 




AUcs em (A* Eavtmi AHfstrz TVad, 



I'll 



TnaViTig & d^toir dxtOQgb tbi* Alrmk PLiiti wotild ivdKinlj 
meet with Awer difficnlbw by ciresing tho main chain wc-Bt of 
tho Atrak watf?iaLeij. 

Biijniinl, Ni>iUn^iir, sbl] Mash-had, may h^ roAohed by the 
old hij^bvay of Shnh AbbnFCf. vrhirK runj< up tho Hurpm stream 
to GiiTgHii. ihtmn^h the deftJe, Chanda Abbas*, I{abat4>KanbU, 
Rikbut I'Af^lik, lUid ShacG;haik; thcnco V> linJDurd 1:^ the Pasa 
of I'Vru^itt, aLd lo Ninbftbiir tlinm^b ibe T)iirIifuid->TiEK3Uirf imd 
tho Jotivain Plain. Kash-haii by th& saiaQ roat^, or thr-i^ugb 
Du ill II (J. 

The Ufpor part of the Gargon VaTk-y ii nairov, but Hw rood 
good ana ^rradif-nts r^-ry oaay, foi tbo aacont in IS to 2(J xailea 
Oiinwol L<? abijvi^ 2000 to 2ri00 feet The d^filw of Gnrgitn Imd 
once agood load tJirougb it and beyond to iLo open pltttcmtp 
^t'hlch is tmi\ tu ho even nnw, in apiti^ of n dense crowth "^ 
foreatf poBsablo for hfitsoinyn* Tbt? iilateaax uuduliitu very 
easily, aud havo a widlL cr( Hevernl miJeti. The Bujuuitl Pud8 
is difficult, but tliat of iho DarUutda-Hifsur exceedingly oaAy, 
The roato keeps throughout mt low a h^cl that uo gn^at iurou- 
venience coula ever be expprinncfd from snow In winter For 
a railway to tlio east no better limu Or^Tild be Rclccti^. 

Prom KfKx^biLii to the " Alak " there are two paaa^s — ote by 
Aiigha^ (Koulo 18J, oi which idl iLvailobh'^ iiiforaiation hrw 
already hveu sivvu, tlie olln-i' hy the Dawjiud Ph», u Uih? 
neatly as gowi as that by Nnwd<'h» but atlainio'^ a greater 
elevation, and cuxisetnienily it:i>ic linblc; tu l^i chtniKl in winter; 
that portion of it also lyiag across tlie high platoaii is much 
(TSpoecd, 

Tbc following giTes the approximate dietaneept und gra- 
di«iitd: — 



D WB ndaUtioDt to ZobizKi Pbr 

X>HM&tti>K«noluin .. .. „ 



Witm. 


r«L 


94 


Av 


91 


«.'>0 


S 


000 


S3 


„ 


6 


1000 



Froia KoocIiOB east thoro aro no pA««w tbat ran be conHidered 
pmcticable fur whE'cWarriogcji, or that Eould be mttdcred vo 
irith any amoaot of labour at thort notice, 

With the Nurdin or Nowdrh und the:) (iurean Pa» held, a 
foroe marebiug vaHtn-urd from tho aea would lie eojnpallc^d to 



1^ 



XapIeb'* DUrt/ of a Tonr in A%£v-<uai», and 



in&ko n mnrdi of 3<Dinr> (tay« DortUwaid from the Atmk tbrou^h 
a vat<>Tlchs c*>miti7 to turn iLc Atak chciE, and thonco to 
niHn-h ;550 milp* through jl otMintry pr^xWin^' buivly i^^ougli to 
•uppuit titc |)rcf«iit nomu'lic |>opul;iti4>u lo Ah DarUuid, woenc^ 
thd oouMry south mid east for a grr^it dii^tJincp is nninWiitod, 
saScicutly wfttcrod, and TCry roogk The dctotr nx»uld ndd 
iuo»t maUri-inlly Ui iht diHlttnL^t' lo be trav«rs«}(l. aud wcivld 
doublo djfl](^ultlcs of aupplics fuicl <.-c>ia]iiunJ(.*ntjon. 



Note.— The infcTmatioQ I wus abto to pftthrr ixig^miing 
tlie imtuii? <jf tht? dif^oriUieB prtii^eTttedby tho out*^r rtuifj*- of tho 
Alnk Hills i^'oa uaaitJWIucUtry, but nil tircount* n^rcod tbat 
lilt; nuid fioni K^ira KiUjl to Uie At&k wua pnwub]*^ fnr light 
l»uas, and the country lo tho west miicb broken, burn^ dud 
•ntitcxl<M* 



i 



The Xomute, itcar ,\<trnbad, urc said to combriM^ liO.OOO 
LirtTlii-K, 2f),tHH^ 4if wbtL'b ore pettlpd nt-jir Alcl.riLlKirL The part 
of tho country which they inhabit exlenda from lhi> DiUifina-i- 
ilBJiHn Euli, nofir ihy O^i^piaUt to Quitbad*i-Quas. wbicb fonu.i 
th^T luuudary between the triben of GokliUi juul Vomat; tbo 
Tfiat Ate setUed fioiu l^^khaii to Khira. 

Thoy are diviUed into iwo Uivi^ioiiN^ vLe. — 1. Ohuni; aa<l 
2, Shurai' (botttr kno^vu ad Ata Hai ai;0 JdUr Boi- Ate Boi 
Im (llvidi^ icto two clahs — Atn Biu nni\ Aq. AU UhI ba;^ 1^ 
Timha- 



1. S>llUL 

a. I'^i. 
3. Yanpai- 

&. Mobaaiikl Uolurj- 

8. QBfitll, 

Aq biw two diinK, viKi — If 
Uzaii^ Aq ha« tbr«o Tirabfl — 

1. BhoqL 

». Cult. 

(^a A<i had tive Tuahs — 

1. l^Ur Molmmudli. 
3. QiAlJji^h. 



JO- I'ftiin. 
11. Doguijclii, 
)2. Knurlch^ 

14, AHhurlrnlc. 



IT^idTL A(| ; uud 



a. tUUbli 



1 Tulno. 
& Him 



4 



I^^^l 


^^^Hl 


^^^^^^ Noita On the Kadrrn Alkurt TVwJ 


145 H 


^^^H^Am wliich aro m)onecL«d witli 


Atii Bai im four in ^| 


^B I. TXu, 




3. gnti YnUmws. ^| 

4. Itdtf. ^^H 


^H Vay^ htis four Tiroha — 




^^^H 






S, Durii Ala Q^H. ^^^| 
Chin doblL ^^^1 


^^^^KiichHlt hw four T J mils — 




^^H 


^^^^H Ultojuq, 




3. Khnrluin. ^^^^^| 


^ Qrti Yuklianafl has fmir TiruK? — 


^^H 






3. bkiioha Kix ^^^| 

4. Makhdnm. ^^^1 


^1 Igdar hiLS foiir TinUia — 




^^1 


^H 1. Ah] Irkflkti. 




^^^H 
^^^^^1 


^^^^^Pikfiu' liti-i itf ilivid^ into tivo 


dnisiona, tiz. — ^^^^| 


^^^V 




Ntir ^^^1 


^ Yar AU lias iiiue claim — 




^^H 


^^^P QlBlL 

^^^^^T A. PAqq&tS. 

^^^^^Nur AU lias eiglit claua — 










^H 


^^^^■^ 4. Qjtkmji. 




Ughurjcitt, ^^^^^1 


^M TribM which aro corin^cu* 


. with Jafar foi an £ro i& ^| 


^B Yil^hi. 
^H ?. Dtvitjl. 




4. Iter. ^1 

5, Qojuq. ^^^H 


^H Yafghi lkw< HQVflD TiraliH— 




^^H 


^1 S&qn, 
^^^K 4. WatrttiL 




n. Cbliuhah. ^^^H 



14i XAriER*j Diary of a Tour in Khorasmn, and 



Baweji haa nine Tiraha — 



1. Udak. 

2. Hiut (tUtit). 
S. Ichnuk. 

4. Abdal. 

5, Khivati, 



Qara Daqli has seven Tirahfi — 

1. FfllilawaD. 

3. Rzm-an, 

4. YalJtlL 

Tatar has three Tirahs— 



1. Stqu-IL 

2. AqQimiahtL 

Qnjuq has six Tirabs — 
1. Kaka. 

3p Qarata. 



6. Einl. 

8. Baqu. 

9. fln muiTi - 



6. Idakti. 

6. QftllDtiq. 

7, Una. 



3. Aghilmiflhli. 



4. Aqchtti. 

5. <£tiq. 

6. DuiQlriq. 



NiUrst <m the KaattTM At^rz IVact, 



K5 



liisi of BoUTEB m tLe Eabtchn Aluviu Tojict, iiio3ndiitg ono from 
Hmieat to Ueilv. 



Wht, 



FunikUL*. 



n<Tltl i}M4Tr« .. 4. .. ,, ., .. 

Muh-Jiul ti SpRkkti4 „ .. 

KoLat-i-Nodlji «ad FDanUu 

r- Atok .. ,- 

.. Dikrvtifiu by iCiiiUia .. .. .. 

Uomligdi U* tWulii 4i .. i* •■ .. 

MckTV 

Hulknn .. 

,^ K<icirliAU try ri*nnct I^<«■ ,, ,« 

Soochmi to Durthi^Lt^f AlUliu Alilnr I^iM 

fj4jiu AdkftbM vnd Aduau ^. 
UikftLiuJ »nd Aaauti b> Dnntbgnr {Koute ti) 

Bujnwiitl bo K*m RjIIl nml Ivtill Anrpt 

., .. Atafc 

«. ,, Oufic&ii auil Ablrn^.<u ,, ■« 

J^um to i^Bt»had ly NoiflJch <■ .* - 

NonlLn to KbdJ Amkt 

Unrgjm ,. .. „ ., .. ., 

Oiirfuii ti Alnili ClCltor; .. .. .. .. 

AnEfhlout Ifj Atrmk .. , 

llauu Kulj Lc Kftn KiUa 



2T| 
S8b40 



nUlve InfhrmkUan umuUr wltli tlm jikl <if it rxii^li ik«lj?li-iuik]i. 

KimiAKMK,— Kfaorunn fiinalcri. irjiltiilntfll kt 4) In plain mail 4 In Mill. 

iDjttimriu in fiinukha m hll!5<vtmilfynn!iifl4Ht rHiit-diln] or ono-tMirlh, iiewriUng 
to ground, fiirfiippct duftiuioe. Thn Kurd* muitJly la^unro itagv* bf tlii- hfnt, 
«4!louLuUo{; ono fUtMlth <ka Uaar. TbLi ^t^ 1 to 1^ laklos (for ft horvonuu) qd 
lotcl croUDil fend t£f (i> U mil» io tb^ M1I& 

Mius.— iJnIeulttUd Ht !( luilca per hour om Icful tiuoutL grooBd, the ur^Iuikrj 
OiDJohliip pao? cf a kom. 

In touffh ur 1iraki>n groiinil «t 4 raU«L 

AmmI of fTuiliuELU DVUiVMcl hj AnAniil Bannaotfir, moon of roadingv of S 
KLKtAriuft.— OalculaUirl Ctom uttan ofwvefil dbfemUaajfofboULiie-inlEit, 



I, XLVL 



NATtElft Diartf <fa T<mT in £~Aifr<UK?ff, and 



J 






^t "S -IS 



i 
i 



--3 2 



^3 « 

|5 1 



Kl 



Arte 



X 

It 






It ! 1^ 



III 



ill 






jiiyjii 



: if 



ll 



:ssa Si; s 









Jo 



I 

P4 



«va 




JAttf im M« iiacbrrR ^/^urx Tnd. 



Utt 



lisilljfrt Itll:!it ill 










I 



1^ 

«3f 



S7 



1i 

sr 



t52 Kapieh'* Diary of a Tour in Khorasxarty and 




00 a E 









I 







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If 

3 







h"3 fi L. - U ^ 

i. 3 





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11 It. 








IM NafiesV Diarif of a Tdkt mi Kharauait, and 



I 






Sb^C I- p^3i tats tH 

^flilll|i^?ff IP 



«&|y-B 





^■^|15 =.^-.J 












9^a 



nil \i 



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yhteg on ih Etuttm AUmts TVnrf. 



15^ 



mn 



g a 






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a i 



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188 Nafirr^a Diary of ti 7Wr m Khanuaan^ and 



d 


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Napie£'« Dmt^ of a Tota- in AjWoAfon, am/ 



T 9 
- I 







170 Napier'^ Diary of a Tour in Khoraisan, and 



t 
I 






M 




< 


a 


e£ 


CI 


< 


o 


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( I'i ) 



V. — KoU$ t^a Joitm^/ram fTojiJtoRT to Ta^ii FiL By Ute Uto 
AcoQBnjs BjkTHO^D lUBGARr^ bcuig KxUttcU from th« 
Aiilbor*0 Diu T. 

P'be QoT rtufnniit cf Ix>Ju Idtlnit u^iM * ilant* to Mai ■ «ull Xinioa 
iLto Yuu-Xad, a paM|at vu obulocd la Ifct flictfocr of lAli by Uw 
BriUi t^nriin* fnjm the diiacat G^iouoirnt, to oubk Jbcr oOccii kod 
pndeoMB. villi tbcKT faltovTviiK to crccB Ui« froaUcf frgoi l^ Bomi^ 
mI*. Ur, llvxu7, > vdrtinx muaW ^ Ujp Caiiu CoiuUv SerrioF. cf 
gml pKaaim, mt seat wLih • wpvwtv imjuixn trjtn Chioa to is^art tbo 
•bof* HUuAi vbii-h Lid kccfi pUcnl uudiB tiff IwdmUp of Cutuui 
Huru* firowM^ ItaTin^iouiod Cobod lln>ini« at fibamo, iLs UUm bid 
entitfed ChinA. and wm boe ft ibott ijiitvwe from Uahwxiui, wbA Mr* 
JUr=:irTT'Qs:i?4culDUi&ttnr&, ilo bid ta^td > iveck ia il«a bMiMifMj 
aootbvafd. At Ujairjnii be nM nurdirtil oa Hx ^tit of Fetravy. Ju 

hpwenrpAflccAi^Arp «tniggltaW«o*Uod tote* off BitbMil «cvioujkaL 
Mr. Matfftjt m oom^bnce oiLh liii iEUt^utkAl^ kepi a jcmnud ; bnl tin 
Jdloras pcrtkci of it, ncoriin^ hu cxptneimtt u W *> 'i'^li Til is *11 
that wiattred. Thnvun nrioua ca|« la it, to la cxnknM^ pfobftUr 1)7 
Ili« diet ibat ba «&ff(r*4 Tivm time to time Hrfoiuly la kcdll. TTinrwinilr 
w*a isroluUy with him when be woa mui^cnd.J 

liAVjKO received orders, xrhJle iit ^hunghair to hold myself in 
mtdtmss Ui pru(.<«0.1 to Vrni-Nzm at a sliort notice^ I Aet mymlf 
mtbuot doUy t':> ninlfo «nc;b prvpamtioa? as vtould cuAblo mo 
ttf KLnrt nilti dispatch, yd al the BatQe time ^vithiMit dirliuittfl/ 
ineurring an outlay, in ca^ of a countermaud. Tbt? itbore 
iniioifhtioD >«as recei^'cxl through Mr. Me'ihiirat, on the Sth of 
Au^c ; find on the 15th and 2Iat, I L^ tha honour lo reci^ivu 
fail and conlidcDtial in at met ions from H.B.M. Uiiuater, which 
dirf.'Cteil mr^ to sLirt At oi]<*e, and acoc^rdiutjlv 1 left Bbiuighni on 
tho night of Saturday, 22ud of Au^fn^t, for Hankow. 

Aivf. 2M, IST'I. — ltp;fc*"lit?d Ilaijknw in cxceiUioDAlW hot 
weather, and unfi-rtujmtcly iu a very Imd tlato of boaltli, whioJi 
cuutmued /ur se^tTul days, aod retarded luy final preparatiansL 
Mr. Consul Hughe* had fertile*! npop the ViPi^roy with the Iet1«7 
from tiie Taun^li Yana^n. and found lua ICacelleney hjid olroodj 
ppcmreil dpfi|iAt^hes Irom Peking an thesiihjwtofrny trm, Th« 
Viceroy, in converaatioiir Etrongly recommcuEW tho Hu-Non 
and Kwf?]-Chuu ruutc as that winch van UHit^ilIy fuUo»eJ hy 
official^ (Lnd was just now selected by tho Governor of Vuti- 
Niui» whi> was on Lis ^ay thither. Acting ou ihis ndvicit, ami 
moreoror lindbig that tim? And expense vr«re likelv to be sat^ 
by ttdoptinj: tJiia rood, L decidi^ to do so, The Viceroy 
UirecU-dti.ll the oJlieiab along the route to aid and protect my 
progreasp 




■■-'-.;> 






r , ' J 



IL»* ( _ _ - - 



Map tt. iHiiUl'fll': 

THt JOURNEY FRO^ 

HANKOW TO TALI 

W- AH Mai'gary. 




ALahoarvV Atrfoj of a Jourrwffrom HatActcU Tn-U Fit, \TS 

Wy propurnlioDs woro cciuplo-f*^*! for ttartirtj,' on the 3rd, 
lul uiiCurniiiiit^ilv nxj jiU.ioti of j1Itu<»n ihbli^^irt mo to |Hlt off 
th'd cleputture tifl ucxt Jciv- Tho Lout xvii* oao f>r thoait com* 
incnir called a JlaiidHnD (>ool» Iudjc auO uarroiv, ami divide 
into fi^-c? or *ir cfimimrlmcut* wlii*"li run th" v\'lio|p U-ngtH of 
"the cmft. tliO i'fTili'6 Urinij occujjh^d with i\ ttomcwtjai wMt-r and 
lK<ttlnr vjiii(n>, tittnd wirli cliitinii itnd t^iMe^, ntui shiIihI ftir tlio 
Jieoeption of ^'UL-itii. Euuli ootrifarlmcut roiituuK^l u cuU}>l<.< ijf 
low l>e^lll^ one gu ^eluIi niJi^ uC tliv ^u^wige rihi^ilii^- ilu>vii tUe 
mM'tlo. \\\xX i\A u tlLiiinmrin'ji nvonico i^tat:in? fulJia far i<ho:t of 
&1J J^ii^lUiuimu^s I>m]iortioiia, I ttfUud il titctfwaij tu ItDgtbeii tlto 
liiNUiiln rf my com|irtrt,inotii by nemo v in j; thi? iliridiup pnni'l- 
^ iimUnr |>rci*iiutiini Jiod to be tnk«n tvitU rc^pird t^i Uio floor, 
vrfifTPdf the honnta won? low^r^d fully six incliea To save my 
hcud from tlio finiim nnd pcniittii-^ of tTvtn^to unroof tbo not 
tofi ftul'sliinl hil [ii|i. A re-^ulur Clni»«*i5 funii uf ligtHrnit^ut av^ih 
drnwiL i:p hy tho boiil-o"'n^r and handed OT«r to nae. The 
limill L^imdituuLA WETir Unit Itfs r«lioijld uuiircy tro to Clirn-juini 
>"it in Kwei-Chcm for the srim of liO,(X}0 *^t\A\. which waa to tie 
paid in .s^^vcmi iustnlincnU nt ditfcrcnt pUrcM on thn waj, *tdrt- 
111^ wiih u iir»-piyineiil of l^O^OOO ch^Ii iit Hankow. Tliia aiim 
was to indudfi cvciTtbing, ond (o free mo from ad tlioso in- 
cuJtiilal n[»|j«iils im IrtJmTf nf th« civw whirh sc( frw^nfuitly 
sfirin*^ up eth roMt& lo ddl&v ftiid annoy tho travollor. 3Iy party 
^'onaiMrd of tire, cnmpri*ing a writer, an oflicwl mossL'ngcr^ a 
cook, tirjd my bcKly servant. With re^'ard to tb$ lu.'O-s^ary 
ipplica for daily csponsij-s bctveen ilaukovr aud Vun-njiii Fu, 
rht-rtT nloiirt I liiul ijpwiit for fiuid^, I iJioiilJ mcnlii'ii th«t I 
loptad thf followiij* plan whicb appeared to bo tlie best that 
[ynrinc<riiM Aiiggnvl. It wjlk U% tji^t^ with mo !n thn Wrnt n 
uility of onsh ^nl^cieut to t:ov*>r ovcrylhiu;^ as far as Chon- 
iD X<u, Aud to Icfivo a ziiari^ia wbcicwltL to pay tho tint 
lalmcnt for clinirji fu thi? tjind jouriioy, irliich would cotn- 
•Dce at that plat'c. In addition to tliia 1 procured a handred 
Wfirth of nmull Kilvrr inguls, weighing f[ve tJieU encli, 
forrur/1 a very coiivetiieiLt parccJ, ikiui one coeiLy concealed 
a box of viDter oloths* retwrved for Yuu-Nan. These bmall 
i^lfl aro chIKhI at Hankow ^^^^ tha yin. The ooah was iin^ 
jftttd to uiy uIKcial meswu^tTf ^lioso rtJi^-ipl for lli« amuutit 
disTed my mind of tho tnoTinlrona anxiety of linving lo vviitc^h 
■er tlic ftaftity of wlmt aef mcd a v-t^t board when converU-d 
itc the bulky nropnnlioisof 'xjpiipr mpreacy. The whole niMs 
dcfrofiit^I loosely in riringw of lOliO coah {aUlo<l a fwio) on 
10 Sour (if tliu boaL, b«nT:<ath the dervaut's condi, aad thf^ro it 
iif>bt Tomain tvltbciLt tho emallost (car of thoft, although withia 
ty reach of a pilfering arm* 



1?4 JlAliOABT"* Nc^tt of a Jwrmy from Hankint to To-ii Fu. 



Sept 4M,— Loft HaoUow at 11 AJf. 

6ttt. — TriM^k<?tl apiinat n Bouth wind all day, Couatiy flat 
tmd 'Iry, rJiltivatoJ with <'0t.tfu mu] srwimnm. Oiily mult 
45 li< Mid nndiored at PW-uhou. In cuuijmny wiLli a nunibor of 
river-junkB. J^ft flip hoat nn<i vnlki.tl nrros^ a benfS lo Ui» 
villtigc of P'iii-i?bcii, wliioh kroki^d iTXWHfdin^ly pretty, tm* 
binvernf in Tnuj^Ht*^ of trees. On a laearer vieu' the vIlLaffe 
oxpnndcd into n Iftr^ro rtmggliiifj town, full of wdJ-bniJt, nub- 
((Ittiilini bf>tiwf<, whicih fi|ioko of consiflemb!^ prmjitnty. My 
writer and me*Bonjr«r wero with ir»o, Wc metwilh rivilitynt 
iirst. And ^ni di^wn at rini? boiiiiir thattiii^ nilh tht lki>jit. uiit 
as ^vo passed the qiiart^r by tbeJTiiikfl t^o wildest excilemeni 
brolcc out. A mob colloctcd mid followed mo ibr folly half a 
uiile uluiij: Mv? 1mm] imUl T fniiud iiiy boal. h v/a^ uai vt*Ty 
^xhilaraltni!. and I ^ronfosi^ I ffitlftd to enjoy iH^ f"ii ns mncL as 
the rt^.^t, for tlicy idKjtitr'd and ruTrvainr^) tritli JniLgbtiT, dnnuiog 
rOQiid joe as if they weri? iHteriBely amueed. 

Sth,—Ci\tt over tit) li (c Hii-bflin ('hou, on island in tbf*big rivor. 
Kt'pnrLited fnnr llie mntiilhiid by il iiurn^^' nhatirit^l, nhirU an'i)rdr<<l 
a t'ood anchoragvi to bojtt& pneeing np. Tho dietrict city of Cbia- 
yii H&ii^Ji WW (inly rfmovral ii fiTW li fcurn this Jtyni, iirid n|ipr-arHl 
to b6 wdl placod ainoa;*: low hills ond a quantity of treoj. Tho 
ieland itself was thiclsly coTcrod vrith sand biddou by luxuriant 
growth of a cnu&y weed, uhich deceived the ove at a *hort diM 
tance ■with tt© appearance of a meadow. The beat was v«ry 
grpat itU dn_\\ 

0^/t.— Track «i iill dny afrainat wind oiid ^tnuiro, aniviii^ 
nmnag Ihi? bilTit, St'jpped at Lu^li^i-k'on, GO li from the laH 
*(tapp- Horn a clear mouutaia-riTOr flowcw! down from tho 'J!cft 
Villn, and veat t^ pollute itaolf iu tbu muddy lj[>9nni uf tJits 
YanH:lfi:s^. 

Uf'*. — Jtemrlied Hain Ti, a floumbmg place, wilb a pirnt 
number of riv^r-rraft massed in the open, iinabeltered aoehoi'- 
Bgr; ^vhioU fiierd the long, straight frontage of the tonn. A 
tao-tat wfLi- eslaijliahyd ciri ll^e bank cif lb*? rivtir, who**** suli? duly 
it wtie to colidOl the timber-daes from the rflfta which float down 
ID large xmniberti. Tbeee rafle piewnt u very t'lirJous npprJir- 
anee. So«ii from a viiort diatanc9 they looK liko a Uoatinf^ 
village with a brxKk p4ij>u1aUoti. and on a ;iearer viow on^ eaouot 
help ndmirifig thi> ingenioiis coiistmotlon. The larger leugtha 
of timber v,r<: dnsriy innseed togrtlier, forming a i^umpnct raft 
of iio mean dJiiienKiuitB.diiw]] the rt^utreof whitjii arei consttriict^ 
a Bcri(?fl of nrnl bnta for tho crow to live in. The h^d of tho 
raft in fi^bajMid i^fT to Komewhi^t uf a slinrp [irow, niid nt the s^rii 
pillei'y rnn« ont fitted with steering appuratun. 'Iho fiwit 
Btream of tho Yangtazc carries them down with ^ufilcteni h|Wm], 




Maruart'i yotfis of a JoftnvyJVom //ankous to Tai-i fiu 



t tliGT are also famished wilL enormous sweeps, raqDirms; tlie 
BtivogllL lit ten or twelve tnoEi to nciDJpuTato- Tiw mft«ni{>n 
r tu [)osac-.«s a, luoguinc^uit ftrrm. I hnris nowhere seen 
di]<? nthletk' frames m Chio-i. and could not help stop^' 
pln^ to iLclmJrr the sjilctidi'] development of mtntcl^t iffhich y/m 
vo well displayed as they swayed lo atid fro with the ^Dormrmd 
Bwequ, It msty be worthy of ren^ark that 1 Doticcdt lifct ot 
r'»iK?hou, and repeatedly rtft^rwurdii at tjtlirr pliuts* fiirtber up 
tlio river^ the use of n cart in afi^iouUure. It is uot often that 
Oiii< vr^rji n Ohiui?ni^ fjiniier iriFiki' imo rif auvthing *\y hnndy ; lyiiti 
in ibis inst^inee, X\\*s form of lhi> vehiolo wua so uovid aud eo 
diRorcnt to that which is sometimes iised in tho I'rovincc of 
Chih-i-i, lliflt it deserv*?s to \w diTKfribrd. Thr? divf-miiy of 
ehape is iisolt a wirikiug fact in a coimtry where similar cpoTa- 
liiiiiK rti'r' ('nrrii'd im in priTiHirly t,hp wim*^ wny Hiul with th" 
eam<t impKint'iitB in pTOTinoea far apart and discoatjoctod by 
dialect. The maiti (Lfiereuco lay in the tkct that when^os the 
nortUom t*artK, 1ik<r olhi^rv idl ttit; world owj, aru built ^^Jth 
their wlieeU uiitaide tLf> bcidy of Ho vthicli?, tlio eeatre of 
gravity of which is plao^d low down, Uwswi Hii-Pph f-art* 
«iioI(Nic Uioir whculif* und aro coDfricquonbly rivised bi;;h abovd 

w, like » milway carnage. 'J^ie cart simply amountii to. 

■wide piatrorm poised above two whocU tipon tho stout; 

fis wUt^h nri>tnidt». Draped along by iha wal^^i^bufTnlo, of 
aJl beasts tho mo9t ungainly, its appe^ranoo is movo qiiTiint 
thaTi dlognnL 

12th.— Xt Lo-sksn I deemed it prudent to call on the local 
official. HaTJng announced my intention of colling at'L rju., I 
wnitedtliroiiyh a very hot davfnr the wel«ome diverwion- Hnt 
I was littlo prepared lor tho biibbul> my presence was goin^ to 
cniuUf. lio-shan ]iad never been ftfusl^d with rviMi tin? lUgHt uf 
I a foreigner, and tboir Tory ienoranee of his conformation put a 
boldness to the curiosily of tho mob which suiioundcd mo with. 

ifJiouU and abu«ivf> Uufrnftfi© as I prooe<=«iod in a hired chair, 
tlie meanest of its kind, to the poor abode of tho lucat o^ciaL 
Am ts usually tbo citsd iti Chinii, tin- mbldr^ biimt Into Uir* i^oiirt* 
yard of tlie yaraon. and were with diffioiilty itrproesod from 
dllin^ eTon the audience-room, by the whins of the Iji'tora at 
the door, wbo pheil Uioir armrt with a witL An intarviow is 
UiAVFir private lu China, any mow Uiaii correapoudencu. It \a 
not considered indoporoiie to tako up any writt<m document, 
whether intended t? be contidt^ntidl or not, and to read it calmly 
throngk I have seen a Mandarin, while makinii; & call on the 
Oonstu, atep np to the writer** tjibk', and, coolly putting on hi« 
apecttudiw, rt^tui ii l<>ttt>r which hiul jiiftt been prejiareJil for another 
otSoial ou aa important flubjecl. iSo, too, every intorviow I have 




176 ItAiiQAny'a Xotcs i^fa Jcaraeiffrom Jhnlow tc Th-U_Fu, 






haA t1i0 liOLonr to tuaittl at, hoa beta swellod b^ the present; of 
ft number of idio Bpeotntora. I foand tho offiafll in cti^ticrn to 
1n) a very civil itncl oLil%ini; muQ, vrdl iafi>niK<l und well di«* 
poa«cl towards foreigners. He wne r^adm^B book vricten by a 
tSifiminAfi of rank, onmcd 1^, wbo «omo ycaiv ago bad bt 
wDt tu EimjjHi til riMurd \nn itiipn-flsioiiH itf fon'ign rtiontn* 
and PubiO^UGntly publieUod lb^ voltuoo reft^rrt^d to. C^Ui, 
my Rttentii^Ji Ifj tlic? iHiykj bp frfscjurntiy ivinnrkcii tlmt Kiiglniii 
mnet bo a fine aoanlry- On tnkiDf; leavo I complained oj IJUo 
conduct of tbo jTOoplc, aTi<J tlic crticcr immcdiatdy ordered ft 
coupli? i»r hi:* iriHn lo**-4*t<rt lu^* biyh. biiL llifir ciTorb* wittp Iwrcly 
equiil to repressing liic excited ci'owfl which foiJowed lu to tbo 
iHiur, :inil MjkiI in Ji df^ii^r iiuiKi niiiiid uiy Hi^iir. TIir bnst xrtty 
of paciiyiuj> & Cliiniise mob is by taikinp: lo tbcnij aoid ^owtnr 
tbom at onCB that you aro familiar >vith their lati^^im^e jiui[ 
litt^mturo. Ac<?ordiii^ly I adctrt'iaod tx tow word« to my og- 
pvsai>e audience, wLicli had tEic almost ioiaieillAtc r-ITcct pf 
cjuiftinf^ nni! diKpf^rxing it. 

VM tit VJih.—hiA-AiSiw proved to be an cxcd^dinglr p1oa«ont 
plaeo to »l'>p *it, A Kirelcri iif drF\m* siiirotiitded the lown, find 
ulTordiTd utf both cx(Trcim» niuJ uport. I woa Ckblc tu tnko maDy 
a ivalk frue from iiittudL>i«, aLd^Ly pf-iimtbtltm of lixe Hnmbirin, 
T shot over mmo excellent cover. ImmcdiateJy behind th^iee 
dowDB txtcmdcd a fUt plain oa far aa thn eye? rnnid rcnrh, culti- 
vate tritl) rioo ami thd lontq, This i^ a |^Ti?at Lotiu di^tnet, add 
A vpry curious spceiiJ industry has gnnin out of it for the people 
of Lixjhan. It appears tiiat \\\^ art oi- ktiack of extructiojf tbo 
korucl of the lolua-nut Irtim ilp hard glicll is only properiy tm- 
di-mloiiil ixi till* pWt*. uiid ibu i>nnl»«« of ihn whnin district 
ia Bent to Lo-shaQ, whc<nco it Je oi^ibuted iti ita tnltblo form 
up and down ihu river. Tho view across tlic river, tthicb Wfla 
here fully n. mile and a lialf wide, . . , ^h 

20^. — ^tATt>;<l at 1 1 A,u. with a drong breeze from the &ortlJ^| 
pajit, whifh a<'(.^idemtt?il our pmyn^w*, but ntniek tni? down will) 
fever. Wo eaiied for tho colobrated inhLiid of Chiiu-AluLn, viiich 
lit.-fl nt the eutrnuce of the Tuuj'-tiug Luke, opjKfliJle ibe dty of 
Yao-chou. and eomo 30 li away from the Utter, Hero wo took 
Icavo of the tnuddy Yangtszo, and entered into dejiui^ vratKri 
of a pul^gre^n hu^^. 

2Irf.--Tbe wind continuing favourable ami Htroug, mv boatoiaD 
tofik thi* umi^ial oiMU'tie of saiUnf; «triuVht ncToss the laua lusteod 
of ctc<?pirji^ aloDp: tho ehore, Wc uetuiiljy nccompliihed 180 l i 
at 01:0 «trctch, and f-nt'Ored the river at d km, Tim lako i^| 
txtr«mely eiiallow, and »e<:m* to bo vory liitic used, for I onl^^ 
saw ono or two junka duriug tbti day. We ant'ticfred at a place 
calUd Nau-chai. 




UafOAHV^ X<fU* &fa Jmtmcyfrom BbaAtfv ^ Ta-H Fu, 177 



22;»i. — Sailot^ up llio VuAn I:iv<ir willi a fpad bree/'> until 
vre arrivtiJ nt t% vjjufii*.]fctnh\'= Ujvfii »lr«tL^biiig s\ong ibe foco of 
llic m'CT, cslkd Ni lieici Taii^, 60 11 from the mouil^ Afti?r 
romaiain^ hidl'iLn liour ti> procure proriatiouB, vc T>T;»ec'oti<j<l on 
raw VAv. The Bt'L'Heiy i>f the river is *iL*(*>?<iiintf!y prcUy, In 
lien of boro towmg-piUlie and muddy dcpoaite, watch iuvariubly 
nneel tlm e>e tu mauv jmrU L.f Olimu, bere I Avua deli^Ltetl to 
Qfid ^HkKy bntikx covered tliickiy ivith willovr-trcwti. 1 Undf^ 
aud >Ydkrd a.i fiir n^ my wrnk .^ttalc permitted. Every at herd 
tli^ sigEiB of prosperity nboundeK There wns n«gt and corsfuL 
CuItJvjLtion rtliTOttODp The homc^tcHtds acljoiniii^ ttic littlt^farmt 
Ht-re well IjlejU mii well pnivtdetl, aud men, ivomen. Hud cliil- 
drcn Fi?fiTDod Co bo [lapp^ and tlmving. I nkntwilh riviiily fr»>m 
nil. Stii|i[n*d fiir Urn iiight at Yin Hu Hskui^, Ii4vi:i^ nm wrer 
100 li from cur ifiHl halt. 

23nt— rftwed Luug-Tftng II»ict], nl n distance, by 11 A.BL, 
and Ftopiwd at Liao 1 a Tsui, oidy 70 H in a^lv^Bce. 

UiL—Wc rtoppcd at tiliib-ma PVi. 20 II irom Oh'aDg-tt 
Only pn>^««[*d 16 \'t. Abont midwuy wu o.irat* aisrutA ii %mM 
tributary rircr* whi(*li docs cot appt]&r in tbrL>e eoT^iral mapi 
nbioli I jHJwrvwi, T am toUl, lo^r\i.*r, by tln^ U»4tniKn tliut thin 
nveroomnmtiii^aU'B Willi Slm-dlub, on tbe Yanj>'l«zti, aud aleo 
nith Tacn^-slkili Aud Li-clLOu, 

:2^fA.- -RttLobi.'d Ch'uu^'K'^ kind hnd A find tIow of the ci^ n« 
m passed alor^- fl^ fatt^ ou Iho opposite side of the nver^ 
Willi nf fill' f':i\ t< I obtf^rvflhl ullL^r wo luiti cromttid ovtrr^ 
"WflS buiU Yory L'iiy^L- lo tij-j river-dido, loftvuii- no room wbftfercr 
for an op^ii suburb lo M|iHTt^' up outride, nbirh rviu itli!^uInt«iLy 
liOCCWAiry for tlin iM^rrvinc oti of triidt,\ Tbe dil^cully, lia%^ 
baa \xt^i yut ovivi^ by LuiMiu;/ wtvoduiL t^uetneiits on loii^' piJea;^ 
^mUtddifd m th^ Vf<ry mud i>r tli<j «]c>pin^ batik. Thfr r^rfttlt I'g 
an tTxi^Haiinjfly odd appT-^arAtit-i^ uf housua walking on Jong, 
crookeri {eg^ iird byining nt all ancle*- 

WccrcnttHl over to tbo <^jtT, ona 1 «ent my cani to the Pr^ 
Gect, I bad acari-^ely disinia^ed tlie mestwng^r before h boat 
oame aJongBiLlo, and a Mandjtriri, nturing u rod button, stepped^ 
iuUt my bpat. Not bcruig pntp^LTc^d to receive liiui, 1 ba«tkly 
retired to leitirani^e my drenH ; but my visitor inaiati^d ou my 
making no change, sbook hniida with mc, mtd ?oid that the 
Prefect bad esp^ially deputed him to attend apon nn,% and 
tbat be should aiccompauy mo to tbo next Prefecture. Ho 
dtayoil upw;irdti tif an Iiuur niul tjilkud iiuysiuujlly. Aftnf bo 
left, I vas somowbat anuoy^^d by peoplo cominc* dovu to ataro. 
In Bomti rjuios tb'-y wohM nt<p mi i\u: aidr? of tbn boflt to look 
in through thu mindowit. It woi tbu p;reat full-moon bohduy, 
and a number of idle characters wore iibont^ No dirt^ct rude* 

VOL. XLVI- » 




178 MArtUAKv'j NoU$ cf a Journrij/icm /liMthm to Ta^i Fti. 

tLCn ^vas oflcird, hovrever, ulllimi^ the crowd ^Itovred ilAelf 
inoliued W b& " larky " 



I 



f!oun«liiiig tity, Tiio whole fi-oiitago of tiie town was eUfftd 
tip with fiurtliBiiwan: Wfttpr-jai>* J*)id glji5w.ul flnwfM--[iijt*- Tbd 
placo was a do|jot i»r tijo ^Tottury indo, and Luge qtniutitkri of 
the abo%o WHn< n»H jiiLMieil c^u (Voni ttie Tao-yuoD lim^n lu 
Ch*eu-cbou Fu. It m ilui iiiu«t Inwlow, ind»[wudeiit dutiici 
iii_ tbc whole pRtTiLcv. The peo|jIe if roiisea b^ & »cum cf 
injutiro or mi«iilo wouH not nmiiitU to cnrry ntY thwr Chiof 
Jd^gistratiJ bodily to tlio (lovrmor'ti cupilul aud ddinaad a 
kobangfa. Sinc^ tbia moruiikg wo liave been ftntoritiK motiiKuii 
i»onety of «. very hoautifui txmi nttrnctive hind, Kvon-vrboro 
vegetHtiou m*tiurd to *jn"i»fj^ up lu iiljimdauctt. Vtm^ covered 
airtho hLll'top^, aud fiovor&l ^tout tro^ o1' tho imIi kind •POnitfd 
\o rxlni Mitvf. I «vcii t«mr lu^roNi two imlmH. Wo stopped ^j 
tor the ni^ht at SbuJ-t^U'i. ^U 

*J,Oth. — Li'pi-jihcng, ibo MandAno who has occcmpoAicd tdo ^^ 
from Chuiig-UV I Ieuto fortiid wn vxci^odiu^ly a^rteiihle com* 
,|iaiuoii. Hewflftoaoof Li HuLij^cb'dutr*^ HglivLaud niL&mtho 
'Van of l.br» ruin -1 11(111, iinil hn<) iKifii siircL^iiiuity n^wunlr^l with a 
number of Juorativopoeti by Umt|HW4jrfaloli]cd^uhodt<coutiieiioo 
beaull boaata of pomeAing. In I8(f4 he ha'l aa »p^)uintme«itat 
Bbaa^hiLf, whrre liu aeqiitrc-d a liking ti>r Kur4j|>eauv, nluoh ap> 
peara to bave reoutuned uuiiiipaiitd. Of course, he trutdcfd ver^ 
mudi in my Uting abJo to givo him a helping Lnad, br r«rpoit- 
ing hi« dili^eat attention and civility to me, in my letter 1o 
HJi-M. MiaistiT at Peliing. Since this moniin^ we enlered 
upon a <Kim|>tct(! ohan^o of aocncry. The river» «ith it# 
bBttutifuIly eli-ju watar, was coiiHiili-riLUy imrniwed. uiul be?gaa 
to wiud in and out botwcon ^nn rocky ^rgCB. Tbo rocke roeo 
perpcridir;Lilnrly in n trlrtEtguljir fiti&pe out uf the sluiU^w wal«ri 
Hi their bas9, with a graadeiir which waa most impreadce. 
The whole of Uu-Nao lean cxceeditigly good field for goolo^ 
(imrpiuiitiuu. 

Oil arriving at our roatinpplace for the DigUt, 1 was 
mnch hiiTprJMHl Icj sen xi snialllioflt of th» Ttcry cnrnmoiiml 
oome alon^^ide, aod a couple of diBrepnt^il^c-lookiQ^ naooU 
emerge fr^Jin it with tlie card of the T ao-ya^ii Magisti'ate in 
their haadu. He had Beat them to ufort and protaotll uft 
art far ftfi tbe nest magisterial city. Nothiug i» done thoroQgUj 
in Chiua; tbn Mniidunii)i look to Iboir tpitura of uQioe 09 tm 
golden apporttinity for feathering tliuir uceis. So our worthy 
fHemd carric^i out hiH itminjctioiis lu chetiply ^nd aq Tiui;tilv aa 
he t?as able on thj£» uccosJou. Be dcepatcned a eeuplo of dtrty 





[ATDAItT'i Nifii^ of a J&urmif/fOTft ItankM- ta H^H Fit, lH 

Mnllions, or some othrr Boch mcniAl*, out of tiio needy troml 
that mfttiiK 111! YHnnmiH J"ipi";c. nu <\<ni\il, llmt lint* word* nstd 
the foreipkorV i^ aor&nci^ would liidc hia dOTiccs. 

sort, — hi Pi-iihriig Ifrft eni? rrxt <lny, und T wu nnw t^ii- 
«ipi«d 1*>T "eafL» *\ouJiicl amj f'ft^U't'ifori" to thy oaru of iho 
Two iiiitietabk tuciiiula Ju llirir itdiailoo^ boat, who»e frantic 
<*iror1< lo kfti^p |>U('«^ with iiii iiffordfHl me lum-lj amui^mcnt' 

At ubout cj F-U- ^VL> passt'U throuf^h e^veml raj>idi iti accccft- 
Mon. Thrm waH nnlhing ronniclnl>l'T taboiit ^hinn. PJvq idod 
tracked aiemf; the hIlatv, and tJio roiimiiidvr atftVfxl tins boat 
off sniikfii nick* wifli tln^ir IjhuiIxk* prln^. Tin* wenery was 
H'ildly boniitil'uK imd muro oompnoL lliim tbitt wn pEiiur^d tliroiij^b 
Te9l^n]ay ; ii <:outritQiLliim of |ier|»(<U4iiciiliir rltfTt nr»v and tli^n 
Jin^l tiict i-iv(?r-«ide^ A tuixinlnin-patli, whrcdi wm» th^ Idi^h- 
wBy fnr f(Hit-prw!*fln(:<*r*, pn*ifT(l in some pla<T«< rdong the very 
fac*3 of the ijpriobt cliff. 

Ofitobcr Ut, \\n pn-'^rd llir<)iigh tlio nifwt dflftEiefrDM ec( of 
TApid* on tlio river. Tht-y i-lU*iid over 30 II. iiii im-* divided 
into tlir<?o portions of leii'Ji ciwh by iho boatmoti, who Dame 
tli^m tliA i:pper. titn niidd]i% uiid thn Jawcr. In tlirav? rriptdii 
solilAry rficks nnd rnf;»ed l^d^s app^^ax^d ev^ryvrhero in suob 
ptofttttoa thnt it #rcinc<I impo^iible for n boat to b? guided 
diUDU^li in snt£*ty. The Ubcur wu groat, tmt tUcy noeom* 
pLielj^d it with sroat FhiU Atid duoccss, unlU wo bad reeehdd 
Iiiilf'WHy iirnuu fli<^ middle w^t i»f rapiiU. wTjpji n viuTr'nt ml* 
ttaioTi >^itli A rook prodvii^t^d a Jcalf, whioh i-ompt-IEvd lliorn to 

ImlJ lip sit a tiniljcr-itjitioii tiint happr-ncd to bn near, aud *pon'l 
mll-nu-hour over ropair*. 

Thr* nmall village we stoippf^ nt to m&ko rcpuira vvu a v«ry 
floiiricliin^ limbdr-siljiljtin, Thn hJllji iLt ihi* back wnro w«l] 
coryn'd with fixi-s dr-tret-N and a nn»utithi[j-stream UowftJ dow:) 
#om their inmost rpre^ww, fa{7ilitiif.ingtlifl 1r»nKfor of the timber 
frcrn» tiicfvi ba^kn'oodn t4> tbo mnin nti^crim. 

'2n^. — ThiK morning I hajl i\w mislortiineto be oomidet^ly 
profttntt^ with a wvoro i^ttai^k of dyflfmtcry, accompaDjed by 
ncTtlr pftin> Avfuch Ifl-^t^l hr Nitiitr buurA. 1 wnf^ nbligiHi to Mtop 
tbo bo&t for four or lire hnur^^ in order to aif^ertapn th& oourto 
which the malady wjw likoly to tnkc, Imni-wr^d all the timo witli 
the thought of Iweiiig compelled to relinqnieU my mWoQ and 
retttra to llattkoivr oro^tl'allcn. ilowov^^r, to my gfreat relief, 
tint dJHTUHn unu ipijtrkly and tnunplt-latly driven nway by iipiinn 
Atnt ipecacs, pilla, the iHficacy of wniclii in tho oarly a.U^^^ ol Ibis 
mftlajly, 1 can tliankfully vontih for, Althimi^h rnn'd, 1 was 
loft »o utterly weak a< to bo imablo to rise without a^ietnuer?. 

On Oetobo' 3nl reached Oh'<^u-chou Va: And on the 5t]i 
fia^eed a dilapidatiTd oity called Lou-<;li'i Haieu, and ut 5 r.u. 



I^ UAEOAEr*^ NatfM of a Jotm^tyfrow Ifanh/W to Ta^H /V. 



arrival lit Pii*«Iiili, frrnor-rlv ihti flfntmhing nptitr** cif tl*» 
timber trade, but uuw reduced lo in^i^'iiificoDoc^y it* treatincnl 
uniii-r tli4> TfM raif). 

On Octob^T ftlh jtMt et<]pp«<l long cnoiijcli to rxdiAi^ cat4« 
with the ^liuKliinti and buy nL^il irn.ivLHimiH W4*re jimcimble* 
Xha r^lrcme <Jiflirtiltv of buyi^iL' ^^'^^ ^'^ ^^"^11 b cnnlinuti 
tJ-oublo t<j mo thff whrji? w-ftv, Toinl utii] liurk ni<i iht^ only 
tliingn to be hn^, anri in inatiy pU<'eH even flew* arn iwii to hv 
bought. Ai^y Kiiropr^riti who nttcmpts tiitu nnitr i<bo!>l<l pro- 
tMb bimaelf vitb IWvi^n pruvbioDS, At Cli^it-cli'i Us^^q tlu 
rircT tftlcpe n most r^marfcAfilo an*! pmvokiu^ bend to tho &.>utU 
ur<JVi-r 20(t it, mill llii'M llirtiH imrUi until, mtoliiiif? llm liiut ul" 
itfl onginol ivmr^B, it b^OKia to tbo ^-e^t a^nm. 'litis cf^iatiou 
formf A ccopJctc Mck in iipjxMimnci! t?rt tlir mnp, nzd fidds 
grvfttly to ihe tc^iiou^ea uf tvHrking ilrrcngli iDuumerabltt 
viiiaII rapidA. 

27M. — R^'jic^IichI Ch*^n<}'iii^]] Fu nt if r,M. At t1i<^ rtilnuKw 
of tho city a jfood bridp© of flv^ or six arciww, vbioli ttOuUi not 
difgrar^ & Tfiilnur iii hnglnnd, »pnns ibc nrrr. Iti.icky heif^UiA 
wnBplcttly Burruiiud iha I^tvu. uiid k-ad & ffmmlfur to it« 
posilioi^. Tbe gorp^e of liio river lor tLc laat luiio of our 
npiircflrh ir«M very pirtiirt*H]i»\ On on** fcidii tJjp mcks ex- 
tended with ^nidi cvou rc^puUrity that 1b«y loobi^d lilw tbo 
an(^[«iit walls of «onm Titnn city. 

28fA. — J^ft tli<7 Iwe^t or^d i*oiutii<ixccd Ibo limd jotirfeoy. H, 
raiDi^d Ibe whole diy, »nd tk' lii*;h rcrod, nhiib vrju a iiiUTQWr 
ill-pnvdd pBth, Wiimn diiTijrtToni^ly alipp<pry. 

20fh. — Arrived at Shili-pin;: HHim. nlifre 1 wi-iit ^ftrtti^ht to 
tb^i Map;i8trat>>'t4 ynmrn, nr^d mm ni'll n^wrirded frir tny visit. 
An exceedingly uicucnblc and ^ui^tlemnijJy niiiii thv MBfdntmXc 
proved fo ht^, avi]. in ttii^ cour^^o oi hfdi'ari-honr, u«f bt-vacie^ 
crpAt frif^dfl. 11^^ be^iri^d mo to Htay nnd apend tho day vnth 
biin, liLJt I Ann ubligeJ to exriLBtr TDYseK on fbe plru uf uxttmo 
ur^fij'dcy to rontiniip n^y jimriu'V. 

3U/Af— '11*1? road •mm lljrtuuatfly dry Ur^t dny- Tho wiw?- 
footedn**S3 anr eiiflnrnni'tt ol" llin fhp.ir-lH^niere, who bad ftO* 
qiiQTitly to carry my vci^dit up Ivn^^ lihxp mcbnoH and dowfk 
prnpipBlLitiH phlliji, in \vEiic'h the t^loTien wuru m* irrr^ulHr tbiit I 
tottld not bftvo wiilbod down inyRilT willi thirir spoed, ofton 
fairlv EiAlmiitihi'd lur, (dUioi:>:h ] littd br-t-n fii-ijQiTTkily cntrwd 
over fur uori^e places in Forinoisn in n similar maniit^r. Two 
iccn btiie tbc front flmfU of llii' S(?<iar, ond trnt^ nion^ witb t^ 
loLg levc^mgc^ of pole« Bustflincd the wei]>lit btbiLd. At a di«- 
tanco of 3U li I rcochc^l Hgin-cliou. There being tioieeting- 



I 




lAltOARV'f Aijfor cf a Jmr/ify /rem Hanhovo to Ta^i JW> ISl 




plac^ ahoa^ uhicb oould ha reni^lied to-day, I re^diTy acceptnc! 
th9 hospitLility of a very civil Mandarin. >wilh ^thom 1 liacl a 
taoNt urniojibli^ rrmvi^rfuii Km. He ^hk n Ciinion m^n, auil had 
l)oth sot'U ^omolliiii;- of t(jrL-i<;;i]or& m^t Uavi^lleci by «te&m<<rit. 

illirf.— 'Tf)f* muil jiiLMwl nU n mry iiigh InTttl iWin-nriy tha 
wholfv of t'>d^Lv's a{A^\ Tliu viJl^sy Wow aoomed to bd 
epafj^.-ly cullivnLeil nitli riL7f-\ nud l^r^e liSMtd of iuiid fpmaiQ<T<l 
fa a wild Oflttf of Hfltiirt;, Slept al a iiIhul- ealU-d Ta-fuug 

Nifxt day »<r Toai?1i«d Ciring-j^'ing H»i«ii, nnd on Wving tlt^i 
town I iioti(wd u loT^ ]i<vLp of good ooal oxpo«e4 for Balf\ 
which irloArly [iiilicatvd IIib eKi^tvace of inint« in i\m Tidgb- 
tourh'juO. Kvin-v' vilkfj^ I posted through ^h^^q^^^d ciLd»it.'i»i«)f tho 
savage liavuL- t^uiiBeJ hy tU« ruid uf Xha MUuLaAi*. Kveryvthi^i'e 
«VUii«m» r<tmniuH fit'gijoi I, RubaUmtml iitOiLn lioitKi>B pninll^d mit the 
proflpority tlmt muMt imrt; tri-'ii, ami m llicnr ^rai twiMity yeara 
of pwipp jtTid nniet hrtd only produced a KivldlM (?P>"p of |xKir, 
straw- til Ji1ch(;a IihIm, itihabiU-d by immi^antfl from &iHJhWn 
and Kian^-SL OurioiiHly Biioii^fi, tti^r^ nre ajj^^a of a auddoii 
impol^o of proflpority now lakin* plftCG, for in fw^rj village, 
towij, mid cily, iittw lumvoa. were rithrr jList liiii»)it?d or m ooarso 
cf eoDtftntction. 

Ob Ntitrmlfr '2udy the road pnwcd through a very fortil'! 
ItoautifuL but ^vl]o1ly dc-jhjrit'd, re^<>n. Lftrge traefa of 
'igvod aralfio Uud norc given up to grass and wild weeds. ThU 
Fml alone r(|H>atu vpry plainly of the widis^pr^iid dr;!«olatioii, 
whec wo considor liow at-'cuBtom^d tho Chinoflo arc to citltirate 
Ui«iv vrry iriiMmUimii up to alnumt imu^^hlr height*; ntid if 
the> (Ic'floluiiDu is HO ^i^iit on Uie main road, wjiat mmi It be ia 
tho ii'^s froqiicutod intonor ? Tho Miauti^zo havo been taught 
many aevera I»«iuuji by Uiu I^iipLTia] troopx *iiico their day of 
triamph : aud, ludted, luany of ihom now live m tho eiticB L 
hnvif pjuiH'ii f lui^ngli, mixtd witb tin- Ohinma popuUtion. I 
aaw several of Uit^ir vromoa about tlio Htreeta. A wild, fearless 
look wHrt in ih^fir Sm-e^ and witlial n Tery aliraclivo oi^presMn^ii, 
«ucli an I luiv^f fd^u ia tb<j ccmtilrrnains* of tlie P-;pi)!iu-iUi tribo 
iu North Formosa. But wht-lht^r thontuirhly bulmued or tiot* 
thfl fluttlorc in ilii? lining viIIa^^^ havo tltilo ti fear from tboir 
Iftirleaa Uv7i;;libcnirii, fir n chain of forts hiis been orcctrd at 
dBStance« of o li Apart, ^acli rontaioin^ live soMiere, which 
<DTvti a» watch-toworf, while tho wkwto routo i« ebouk-fiiil of 
soldiery. 

Sf^iAjiut oa tbo cities ^row in dzo and start into mord 
aolivc lif<f HA we iLppronrli ihit <-npiUl, lUf ihts oi'UiiLry lii^miui 
}*^a& Tiei;L'cD]<d, rJllaficeti appear in st«hi<iod hollows off the main 
toad, and every Icv^l plot is cultivated with rioo. Uao cro^^ 




14^ 



'tf Sues ^fa Jovnttyffcm Hankow lt> Ta-H Fa, 



l«fTii lEnthftpd hi, arnl Uic 



lent pefitfuit iTtt et^- 
whor4> i3n£»H^eii Jn filonghkic up^ ^ith aid of xh& lusib^rinc 
biiilLUo, tho dimtQQlive basma into vbich Ihcir |«iidj*fiL4(» 
are divirlul, uul pix-paring tlio ^rouiiU for a secood or tbird 
crop, 1 iicticod a Vew men thri^Ahing out tlio Jii-entiirr<vl f^rmin 
vtiiIj llir. Ttiry iilpntirnl nli] tlniL uhirh utir rmrmi^cn lud to 
Ofio bulorv iiiEiobitif^rj drove it out of use, Tlie only oib»r 
uly:*ft of oiikivatiou wiiioh I oo^ild skv fuiTKlicro w*i« ibi? 
loUit'fyo-pEaiil. At tlto ood of 4i> li» or «ay 15 milea, on 3rd 
N^veiuUr, we reached a city called Kwei*tui^ Htten, wliicli 
witi^ tLQ Miciiul, vomewhAt m iulvanc*c of lit notahhannt in ly^ufrri* 
tatiou. I wetit rijaiglit to Ibo vaniL-», ojxf was rery civilly 
i^i^iverl by Ui^ MantUrin, n^bo lind Ix^on Mt Sliun^bai umI 
Titinihin, And i^oiild not iYil>aiu th>rn praidm^: up everytbiup; ibat 
wm fcrrei^fU^ We were to ^i ou tu-da) n louj; bti^e of l]5 li; 
A^ iu order to hhv^ linir, L Imrriod nwiLv, liiinKinf; my b«;rgQ;t^ 
^tas well «i]t iU way, Biil wbnt vna luy ^UiuiAomuat, OB 
desocndiiff to the maiB &tr^. to flod Th<? x^boM crowi{ (if 
bfiarcrt in a rcfn^l'tr mnlinv. 1 Jiad to get nut and cspoEvtdlalo 
with them, iurroiindi'd all the ilnie by fifiy or winy nf lint 
townspeople, wlw> mlbcr took njy putt iiud wero cxcwsliuply 
civil. I wjw surpriwd In find llial {xvTt% an dw^wbcn-. all tJoti|? 
the rout^, tiie Peking dialect wuh tliotoucblv inielli^ihk, and 
tlint T cfiiilci undr rMnnd ihr- pn>|}]i< Ear brltri' ihuu 1 did ill 
Hii*Xaiu My ex[>n8titl!iljun9 i^esuii^d in ihe Ikeadman ^ritin^ 
otit a gimranlcc thai ibcv should i^arry lac to the cnpiicil in 
auiKly tilt' itnine tiuje umler [H^tjalty of a lieovy inuk-u 

-l/A, — In ordor to keep tbcir promise, my Iroviblcw^Bic cor* 
r'ltm would huv^t mti. r\yi-. niiiiMJnIly farlv, an lUt-y iiite-iiiied In 
'^do" 'i5 li ihiB day ; ci tboir ficiomplianiu^ wbioh 1 certaiikly 
felt Tory accplicji). However tbry did complete the loi>|: sta^o 
ty (i p.u,, mid I Aijoii iomA iiiyBOlf iu iim pineo of tho mogl^ 
trateof Luug-li iltiien. 

The rofcvl, for ihn grenUr p«rt of ihn wtiy IfMiay, panaetl 
through imtrow ntviufw whvro tho urass-clud mlU opproacbe<i 
very do^^j nrid mt innni dv niltiv^iliiriL intervciicil. Thick 
be-Jgijrijffft linrd tbo bijfhwftV. compoacil of ^vbut in otU^r 
coLLitrleH a.i\* (ori.'at trvt^», but bert- ukouiily doing duty as 
j^uctc-d uhnilji. Th(>n> wia th<r oak and ti^e horati-chcittuat, 
of which i could ijtit ^ee ev<^ii ii modcmtrly gmwu tree nay- 
wli£"i^. Fine yotinc Smtcii llrs were apringing up everywlit»re, 
and crow&ic^ tbu bilU with a Jin<? du^p grcui. Willowa and 
flMb^tf, ftVCHmon^H and paplaix (not the Ln^lish kind) tilled the 
lovT^r a1ope»i, and now mid ibcn I c-amo across a ma^ilieent 
S|Hiniiib <'li(utni>t, lint thi? ^'"'7 ^^^ ^''^ pUIn was ihn |]tr- 
eiminoU'lr«e> all M&zq vi%\\ tbe brightest yelloiv autumn tint. 



i 




ilAEMJOivV yolM of a Ji»tnifjf/f(Mi Ilanlmc h Ttt^ A, 183 

bolI^in&r^iii-nUs hn tpltniiiJ varioty nud pn>lu.ijcii), nuA Ibo 
Ti(>lct- The wholiT ronxl wjw ii p»*rfe<^l paradiiB of fem^^ &nd 
pH8^» floiiridj«d III murvdloua irariily. 

^h. — TWaj' ^<^ Lavo t^uinjtleled uiir \nsl ^i^, iwd ^ntemd 
Ktvoi'yitng, thu capital of K^m-Clioitn 1 ntii dnlrffUtofl with 
tbo pUcv. Xbc pcHjple Jifu m«j,it civiJ, nnd not in t£e alf^btoft 
<ii'gri>rt trdiihliwujif. ThM iuRn litrwi. tliroiTgh triileh I bftd to 
MM oil my wiiy to ttio trrn whoro my ftrrvADt Iia^I sccntvid 
lod^nj^fi fur mi\ vfOA ^xc^wltngly piotiirt-FtqiiK \\\i]i iU hil^d* 
biNmn and dyod i^IoiUk oxpoM-d fur «]Llc,niul rnlmiri^d iimbrollns 
ajiTetid uut to tcrm|rt tbe luin. witU ^liltriir%' r^d. trr lJu«, fir 

The flnit view of tbn riry from the top of th^ Iftst paae 

bcAutidiL It rc^><ti od ^in nrK-vru rbiin, wrll'sappu^l 
with trL*e*. ami <?ompIetely §iiiTo(iTi'Ier[ by Vii^h hilla^ many cl 
vbicb sUnd r^iiitnry o\\ tbc pliiin m rcmurkfjlili? lorme. Tur^d 
wtre iinlunil Iculnrtw^ fiH-vtl wilb D"intK>lh, IjW-I^ rtM?k nt rim 
top, othi:ri^'uo cluthcd \i\ rioh vcgctiition, and ^vhich ha<i been 
dcnrcrty K-i^ml upon by b(iiiz<?« lo biiiUl imrmniuj: lfriRpli^i4 up in 
the aiT> The mequftlitiee of tlie pronii') riu^d nil ibe irapoiin^ 
WUlmgv ftboTc the veil of iho w»ilji. which cTCtywbcrc ia 
Chlua provohinffly bide everv ve«ii^ of ft t«iiy fhjru the tim- 
velJcr'n appTt3ficbi&^ view. The liujt milo of ih? road was 
liti^nlly i>vi-Tltmd*!d uitli mcjiinrhJ iirrWj of «bJli' mnrblp, or 
olber flubatititte, \i\ perjictnak tiuuour of uiaidvu^ dEbtiu;;ui£lied 
for piety, aod widows i-iniMjujt Ui flu? iimmon' of tli© d&- 
ifWd. Xlieir distant eS^oA c^rlaLidy ad^jod lo'tbe hveUDHH 
of tbe Bceoc. 

I railed on tbo ficivi^rnor *if llip Proviiicf* th^» ri<»xt du\\ a£ 
oooti» by flppointrueiil, auJ wna Uiotl oivrlly trontftl by him, A 
bn'ik old inun, fidl nf (tnrr^y imd jTiif*llip^nL'i\ (»ii|j>rf'd tW 
rct't'ption-bLdi, cdtur I had wuiVod ubuiit *i ^|Ufltter of au hour 
fijr Uim, U >vafi a krge room, and two sides of it worepanellod' 
irith irlfL/^ wmdi>vv>, through wlitL^i 1 should think tb«r<? vrorft 
fully liitv fttuea if^erlDg ui diin»g my iiitorvietv with the great 
dan. There vtere Ic-jutrr Mitiidurinv in liiH llg. oiid a c^ruvrd 
itf hoit^holditrrvAnU Wc w^t midway tip the ball, ou oppocdto 
wides. Tmjrt* than 20 feet ii|>Hrl, A viniltjr (if liyi or <*q)i!il 
rank hci v^oiiM hare irmtdnctx) tn lliij divan a1 tht' upper end of 
the rtmm. My fin*t object ahw lo bormw iur>m^y, vthiob was 
rofldily f^r^nt^d ; otid tli^ next niorning w piiriwl ot silver in^tf^ 
iimoimting to TLi. ]!iO« or nbont 41)^., d;ily cAmf> to hiind. On 
tftlcici; my lea^^, the ^i^eat man (lid iq^ the honour to ccnduot 
mo to my cbair. My time wu'* complct-dy occupictj aJ) iJw 
ttmt of Ibf' djiy ill mrikiiit^ »irriiM)(emeuta to liudilon my 1>i^;^ge 
and to trttToJ mot^ qnickly. iioicg behind time sorand day>» 



184 MavgabvV iVoffj^tf J^ 



Hankow to Ta-U Fk. 



I ww( auxicnis Id ^l on im taut ka pcuvible ; but I foun^ it quitd 
bio tr> cub diiort my atay at tlio citpital undt r ivro d^ys, 



and I wiM fi^rtb^r jut^rru|il^l liy j»(;i-«}!i&nl visitoi>v ubi^to cxio- 
tJDUi] "ooujitig" dil nijt oofioiJ till uiiduigbt. I ti^w det^r^ 
mined to havo uotliin*- to di> ^vitK catiit^ra, l>ut to put ctcit- 
thing on liut^elinclCr J^ tbut no Jvlny iniglit ocf^iir Iroea tliort 
fatigue elagi^fl. 

Left the onpital on tho Zk\ und on tli9 £>lli trar«llod 
4>2 li to Chiij^b'i Ht(i<]D, uiid riillo<i on tjiu Mii^intmlc, uho 
prLivi.^il til bu Jk bumewliat juvLil ofi.) itiikn of OZ. Ho li»d d 
vftry plt'HUrtUt tju'c, a v«r^ biisky voiiv, and a cLrHuic l*in;^li 
tacked lui to liU vimU* I iiad tut- i^li-jL^uro uf remmn^ Ijiiq 
later, aft^^r dinner, whouho sbow^'ilnblcinp for tWr*/, iwid Iriod 
to Mjni^bc a loug |fi|ic of tubacco, ui^r tiyjtig b^tti ciicar aikd 
cigarette. Tlio t-otirttry u-aa ratlicr more CL>lumi«ed aiid (mltl* 
rutcd tlijiti >jn the eaet »ui<t of ihc cafritid ; Out «till vuil troctJi 
(ff ti-vu1 jiraMtT 1^1111.1. btidiing tltHtiiii-t kjj^mh uf furiii4-i' lillAge, werv) 
conii'lott'ly iJoscitcd jind cL>voKid wUIj Ioh^ giftw, Tbo \ilUpc6 
on iLi; nijui; lumi ure ufu iiumL mictciabKi ili-MUiptii^Ei, ccinp^^'ui 
of huts built of tho tluek fitr&i^ of tho )?oi'gbum, uud plastered 
witb mud, or piltxt up nitb Uic ^Umcs uud iUbrit of formcf 
prospwitj'. I coald not fiml a dtceut room whereia lo breakfiui, 
nnd «at in tho open air under the noiidciing gazo of the whole 
pciimliitmu- Bui i-vi!jywhi.*ri? ilm \ie\i[\\v tti-m jiiiitMi^tbli; uud 
woll-lcbavod. It haa Veau uiy hauit to '^vt out itjy writing 
tunli-iiAljt ivhiUt kiaitiiig for fomj, Jiiid iha prikUn'M nKv/iyii rn.'^itcs 
exlrcmc Eiatouiilimont. About mid ^t ay on tbi* day's roun> wo 
cix^BBodfirory icDiarkabloavcnuoof hil[s<^xl<^uctingmastriiigtit 
tind north and timih fur ioiltuI ml]u«, with u por:<-cily flat anil 
nanow strip of fertile iaiid between. Furthor on, tho goucral 
dirHct.icn of thu VHllryii wjtK vntt jlehI wraU Wibl ftottrrK iWlvii 
thti roudttitlc^ and tbu tiMb-plaril. iu full hlovdom like a ainjclo 
camelia, ^Tew wildjiH ubuiil Jho hii4lg<Hruxtsdovvbipticl untauded 
into a strong shrub S or lU it-'t^t bi^b. 

lOiA, — Tho whule ruute tw-djiy V'^^^Jd through a fei-UIe vallev, 
pcrfi>ctJy love), tind scmo 6 lo 1^ inih^iri tA'Jdi\ Tho itio^l romars* 
ablu featiirtf o( iIjc province ia ita bilU, 1 huvo abovo notiqod 
thu mn^iihit' df'tuchi^d t-iwifn utui pytHrnids which dot the pl&ia 
of Kwci'joDg Fii (which, b}'-t]iO-way, extends nortJi amt m^ntli); 
but uu lisavJug Chiiip:-ih'i IlftiLtu, a leguW uoudaie of ihcm 
hugii tumuli moobA tbc viow of tho travoli^. 1 cannot call 
them iniglity, aa the bijfhest doi^ not appear to eiCDt^d 300 fusl. 
Afl<?r [law^ing tbroiigli Ihem we tuter*iil tho Hue valley abovo- 
immtionr^d. It nan bounded in ]I« ubtJc JcJig'Eb alonz the Hii li 
we travelted to-day by these same deUchod hUla, They wtr« 
not coatiguoas, nor in any way barred progroaa in botwoen Oir 




JfAJiQAfii'jf NaUs ^a Ji^ttra0^jhm IlaaXaw to Ta^ Fa. i6b 



round thorn in «liDOst Any diroctioD; tudcwl, lonfc htmb of the 
broad valley wero seoa lo fMjUtilr«l« liko eaioariea U»roni;;h ihrir 
midifU Far ftvraj ia Uie soutln^tu bouudttry of the rall^^y, where 
the hilLi Hi^iiDiul to I;*' niJU(K4Ml nlm^Ht into a monnlaiu rnngej 
tb« «yo oould still soo atmilur .-iL'|ia rutted poak», whieb stroDgtii- 
vntn) ti*i prnHiiTription, that n Tcry Urgrf hnlt (if oouwlry was 
ttore botU ctLkilv pi^ctnible, And aUmudin;- in a i^mfiU-t^f 
nctwoik of siuttll Hiablf" vullT'^h, Wu rea^ibod the Prcfcclur«l 
lily of An-hmin by nix oVlock, Tlio uadulrtliiig, downy pf<.tnufl 
to tlje cast <if th« cUy, i.f., fnnii llie side we appiottchcd, wns 
4iim vjiaL jfmi't^y&i'H, extending oror two or throct tlioiitauid acres, 
Kilhor this muftt Iiutc been a favoiinto ccmotery, or tbe popit- 
liition uf Aii-hHdi> Fa miut have been enorEitous. 

ll*A.— lA-'rt Ao-hsiiii at about H a.m., iiiid piMnd ihrongh 
the euitie Hc!i^i]irry Miirroiimliti^ tint riHi V4Jliry above-iaoiitiotion. 
Cullivuiimj iTLcn^ofierl as ne pro(.'eeded woatiiFcirdj and larflie 
tmcU L>r liiJCr I'ich soil ^vcio ti]nk<:4l np to virw by tbo pIoagEu 
One thinks cf Kw^n-Chou ti« an impirndtraNe mast of mouii- 
tuiiu, bat it nna meat a;^ccab[fl to nnd it po««CMed of inany 
fJti*> pliiiii* lying in l\u^ right dirt^tion, 

vJik — About i5 li fruui (Jbiu-aing Ohou, wo camo to tU^ 

«rid fif thii fiiir vnlb-y, Init flatten'*! iiimtht^r ?«m;illi"r on'*, after 

cro^in^ uti c^jlsv ihu^h^ Jh !ij li muro th'j v^dLdys catae to fta 

b und tijo louu wound in and out niikoiig Jow, grM»<DTeKd 

the ro(*kv, ini>iiiituiiioi» pmkH having didappeared for the 

ttm« btHo;;. \Ve out^rrd tfie vilLu^e of Usvaog-ktvo-i-u, ooco a, 

lAT^t town, or*»r aa nhl bti'lj^c at" scvoml un-hrit, uiidiT wIuitIi 

lloivcd a counuknibtc boily of wnter, uft^jr daahiuf; down a eerios 

uf Miinll, >iliipoig fMfi. I)n li^jtv'iiM^ ibv pliu.'i\ n grjind flight 

inot my vi(m. Thcrn ivas tlio rivt^r, a couple of huudivd yftrda 

iw thv bridge, leajnn;; doktu u L>recLpk-t< of MU Sin^t Ja ouo of 

pu'ltit'Kt liilU L t^virr tuw. Tni; brr^n muddy loiik oftbe 

rock, over ^vbit'h tbe rivt^r Ho wed, added to the atrikinic offset 

of tin* wLoli?. 

13£A, — Tbi.i damp, wbik mUt, which buA j^iirrcUDdcd m for & 
day and a half, whh to-iUy {-^jnifenffed ititij tbr^ stilt moni unooui-' 
fort^U^ Conn of tinci rain, and tho thick Tapoiir dootod lo^^ 
4iboT« ihn ground- It miulr travelling both diilli-olt jtnrl dan* 
gorous; for the &ton^-paved, or ratber 8loae-atrc'\v:i, tra<?k ivoa 
proTokingly Ti}u^]i m it-scU. but today, for fidly 10 niik% wo 
^^ noAted A mLiuntaitLons barner,ov*>r ivblelt iLo roitd aioendtd and 
^K dcKOJidtd domowhat «tcep inclLnos. But oven io tho midet of 
^^L^hii tnouutain m^ia^, whi^ru tlnf rot^ky ccaxvs nx-m toou^l and 
^^pkn&blod liko a ^ormy wa, lliero %va8 a eucee^ioa of quiot 
^^ irAll^yv down below, Ijiiig flat ni tljr biwii of tbt'W abrupt 
L boundanen. To thia region thuro auvc^edad u inildur tnu>t of 



18G MutUAEv'f -YofCT afa Jtmmeyjrom JIankout to Ttf-ii /«. 



undulating, gnww-Pirtrrril irmrirv, imclnsctl hy tnoilrrftt^ hilln fit 
fbr p«rtur«, wkicU led <low[i into anotber t>ri:<ud vuUvVt Ibrouj^i 
ythich i^e trftVoUed od ]ev«l gioutxd for 3(J li to Uio city <^^^J 
Lanff-Ui. ^H 

l4iA, — We loft lAi^-toi thii mottun^. A &e<h oacorto! two^^ 
Botftifffit i^nrnft in i^b<hniig9 for tiiruiri rmni tli^i Ijwt King**. E iv»< 
thu* forwarded on from plftcc to plac« ; but tu tvvry oa^ I bad 
to Helivf^r llic laAt passport atiul fo make a request for tbo meu. 
Br<irvvtbifriT, liownvf»r, I biivn met with tho greatest ctriltty, 
di^fcrcTict^ and efeu AuiuullLtu;: apprutLchln^ to oiaeqnJoiuvicaeL 
L&ng-t!Li v« ftjll of hoi]«r«, ftnii isiTURffling bard lo rewr^r from 
it» long drprrNaoi). At this ]>Uc<.* 1 tiral b«rpui to dbrovor tlial 
there wns n Kwoi-Ohoti flinl^ct, wbich sufficiently div^r-^^'d IVom 
the Peking tongiit' Ui pii;^j:Iri Utth mc and tiiodi:: L ad<lKs:#cd to 
e»t-iroliF HudersUiKl taidi uLbi-r, AUlioii^h uUrHLu^t; -ivn^nbart, 
it provwl to bo doubly tcdiooB. nt wo t'nt.*rffll a TwUly moun* 
tniitoiift rcj^ioii al Ifu^p iiud thrr rimd w\is tnW vf BtL^frji iuctuMn. 
Altar oroBftiDg a low tid|*@, \\o ekirted a tine valloy for about 
2 miJcn, at a great lidght abovo )t> iookin); over a nrU acoac of 
GuliiviLtiou ati4i agnViilmml rc^vii^a). Al^r tbia ve •ttddenly 
got iockod in amort^ the hdt«, and roec, higbor and bibber, TUitil 
Wi' ■tctji[i»'d to bti'utho nt tlin vnry Miininit of ii »bf»rl, rtK-kjr 
^^lft^p!| ruDDJa^ north-weit afid souiiin^a^l, wliioli fairly batred 
"lo WA)-, My anirroid marki^ JHIH> ii^^l al«m: l!iu «<-a« or 
rallier t^hnn^liai f wliiob ia mueb tUo Mume tbin^-), but I eiuuiot 
tTust it^ fLCcuvac-y, A ^lorion^ u^ht waa e^^n ou tlie other side, 
W<i wiTf? on a li'Vid wild tbn mnjnrily of pitnlu ma«««d log<^thur, 
ri^^bl Jiad lf>tft, uu^i far b^li^w luy n eniEiU |>]iLiD, !*> wbicli w« had 
to df^^Hud by u vi-ry stprji |)nlli, Mjiko*m of wliitn tnU; 
jati^d bt'low, mid Un a timo obsoured tbe lino pau'jruma j but wo 
tvereupin clcdu-i' aii, and it uo longer miiu^d. The di^tiriiul 
tvna dinicidt and mIow. At thu hulf-wtiy-down hnutta, wboro ib« 
jfteepeat parU oainu to au «ad, I agaiit looked at Liiy batoiDeter, 
[•nd found W(* iTprn lUMIi f«?f below tbn uplmdid jioiDtofview 
m hod jtiflt Ictt, which eoomed itLOrodd>lo. Wbilo AcannJo^ tho 
inoantain^ froMt alvivf, I c^iiuKtod timt lb** avtrra'-L* hejglit uf 
tho bijcbciit r»nK«4 was about 1000 Inrrt. Fri>nT tho ball^wav 
village (oi'twu huts). wiiL'ie t\i< had li* bivakiW* Uht nuijJ vuiind 
down o\oT It ii']3gth of «f>nii* 2 miles, till we r^ac-hed anolJior 

fdain litll^^ cullivalod, but, sliaoi^t-ly enough, ftdl of ]tam Yil- 
age^ Tbn aneroid bjid fnll^n further to IduO fe^t I mint 
not omit U> »\iiUi that, williin tlio Hr«t 15 Ji fiom t^ng-lAt, w« 
eroaaeil a ooal-bed, wbit-h n-oppi^d out abundatitly oil tbottu^ 
Jmc«, Tlicro wero largo blocki^ of solid r^oalUred to view, and ikfti 
'bank of tUf iLJ^dnviiy wzih a iiivu of itiml-dLiHt* wbiih Utn v^tliviv] 
idinply scraped into thoir baskets, and carried down to tovn for' 



i 




JflSeiaii'^ .Yi<M ef A Joun^jfr^m HaaJi^tB to Ta^H Fiu 187 



I 



mh^ Wo mot tovoraJ women bout on thi* onand with liplit 
]c«i1h, Lefure reodiiti^ Uui Eioiin-u nf Ibcir inrailtfj. Tt miiy Ix^ 
worth mptitififiinp tliat iho rocky ranges, whieli were grdupod 
about tin? high tiTigo wi.^ cnwsc4, ono nnd nil prctciUcd a fnu^ 
^^Tai}, mill] aj>jit<Amiioci t^wurd-t tli^ uorth and tu^il: but uu loolc- 
in^ biwlc nt the lowcnu^ fummjts from tin* i-idloy. I nolicoj 
that vegi^Mlinn sfx>jijini s-hnti withiu nUmt 100 fisia nf Oie t<>n, 
"fMiiH; roQlli and weat, and that & nreoipioe oE' Iniro^ bl&ok roolE 
pive n nhnrply dfifiond oiiUino to the- crrel. Wliito «tTOok« filio 
marked fhi^ ru^ed fAoer u thoi^h it Lad been im^Iarly 
wbitc<T*i»licd. 

15t^.— M('*-k«u, i>ur ri'Ktin^pWe Inst night, tnu only a 
TiJlagevaiki to-dav's etago of 35 U haa brought ns to another 
TilUgv^ niiiTiL-d U un-kinj^. 

Am I BQiioipEite<l, our K<ad a'cu^ full of riscu t4>d^, (ind the 
MtdrCHd mark>t 2lf50 feet- Tho teinporatura has corisequciLtly 
&Uftn voTeral doi^rc^jK. Tva hi^h nm^ojf nmning cutt and 
west boimdtfd our horizon, wbilo tho iiitonnediato apace was 
valloy to the 50Utb> nrnl u grajHi^^VAn^l, un<<v(iti plntc^ati to iho 
BOTtti. fit fot pofttiirogc. Cottlo uro aoanx, but ourtifuUy Inrd. 
Tbero w^re 1t««s OTer tb^ bills. Deirp red, yellow, and omn^ 
tinlN ot' nntiimu r«ha>h'i>d up with bi^uuht'iil clU^-t amid th<? mam 
off^r^eit- Tht' ^UIl hdduppeaiedbl laat, and dLijieLW tht^ iiiinUL 
6o tbnt aUn^ot.hcir tb^r icoiid was rery rofrA^lungr mid tUo 
jonrrnn- f^r lew t^dioua. 

16cA'.— The roRf) to-day mmod over a long stret<tb of vtiori- 
hillit. covered uillitail ltam^ withotit trc<^*^ without Ttd!cr*b 
only their eiidlt'^M rW uai] f'lll afwa)'^ hiding' a view of tne 
bold, majcj'tio pcaki; bv'Vf'nd. J'h».i rivor at Mp-k'oii, 1 fthocild 
havK KlnW, U [.iiT? ljiJimd:iry of the wild'tnhe m^LllcmealM. Uy 
inquiriiiHa mado ihroHpb iny wrilorj who required somo work, I 
lefl!tDcd Kxncthiiig of tbr^o MUu-t?jtc and other wild tribnft in tho 
liilli^ tog«lh<>r with the causes of thdr irumnection. Tbore nra 
two BCts of social outcnrt*— the Jlian-f^sse nnd the Uhung-cJiio, 
The fdnnnr, »tthiiu^li they iiM^iiinilult' boili in drnci tind gtmiTriil 
features lo th(> Cldueso, juet un tho •Shane boyond Vun-Nan, 
diwribpil by l>r, ATicUm*on, Jtrvnr iirrlnTi^'^d Ut tho Crlcrtiiil rari?*. 
They wcriT thL^abun^jinoaof thiereKii-*^" iit tLetirnovhccthe Hun 
dyiiatfty (u.a 202 to a.d. 'iOO) citcndcd the Einpira wcetwaid, 
u&d cohiuiH'd this province from Hu*Nan. Tho Chong-cfbia 
are tho dt^M-'eudcmta of ihoae cobniHta. ikitb "noliono'^ have 
WTVenU euhdivmioTiis diHlingiiiHlK^d bv littlo peciiliariti«<; of drctui, 
liod arc mostly colled by unmfv di-scribin^ tho same. 1 oaiF 
jepmuau [atives of thi'ee or four nt'rt'^. mu\ iviidd easily see the 
dmreiUMi. For in^ianc^^ thon^ un; tlir White Mimi ; tho cm^ 
Rtid Kiau ; the BUick. Miaii (who, hj the way, iycur cvir- 




ISl^ Jhl^itOAAYV \vitst4i/'a J»urnf9^/rvin Ilnnk&tc io Ta-U fk> 



■iiigs lu wril n.*i bloi^ dotUes; lite mviti l»ut cme, tli« woedcd 
both); tlie Lifzht-Blue Mian; thel'Ionered Mi.itt (who wmr 
elcdvcfl tmly of coloured flt^ifi"*, iik<T oliintaos or Irwwiefl) ; and* 
4Hildeat of all, the Uut^lc'^bealc Miau (who wMt & tiling IiUrii 
<lnck's bcdk dd the back). Thij wotui^d arc Iho bAdj:«-boan>rs, 
thi? nitrii dfiiuj^ hh llir^y lik» iti tim mattf^r; Iiui the latter 
]&oetly drvdj lil<G Ciiiuiiiaeii Id the uniroreai b)a^ Tbo Chang- 
ohin tuivc (iinv rliDF^f*^: — tlie Pii-'ln^t^xo (iiinmrg trhum tOft 
women vroar pii^taiU u^ vc^U aa tb^i fueti) ; tL« Po-i-tvTio (wboaw 
woiaco wear silver plates on the bi:inl lor caps — uhsd omen* I 
li»f;6 tiie ihirftl fur nov*^hy elsewhere inuT not iidujiL llie Iiinl); 
and tho Pa-luD^-tfiKo (diBiitiguiaiied by the coiS'iire r^cmblina a 
rntrn. 'thny nli wnir ilw Cbiuep^i* gnniieafs, but mid * Ixirder 
of aomo other ciilottr. ThtxA poojue oxi^ lu creat ncunbocv 
twtwccii An-bfluu aitd M^lt'oUfafonetbeiuute wo nave followed. 
The Mi>i]*U:f4i iiihnbit tnoro gencraiiy th<' rogioa l>etwMnCh*to- 
yucQ Fu aiiti iltt? <^u|>it&L Judging L>y the ^Uto cpf tbe dlittf^ 
jLud iha uidviirHal niin on that side ntiil ibiiK, I thmild tar thai 
aborjxiuctf excelled tlio aibuiats m the fioTV^noea of thetr on- 
Kljuiglit. It was a rombiiipd m-iVGineuI. and ihn optiitrtiifiity 
aroeO vrlk^ti the Uuhommednim held Vun-J^nn^ and the l"ai-p'i>f; 
ftbellion uvt-rthiv^eil Kmiig->Si and ilu-Ntii]. Tlio iciuwa of 
lliU rUing wan not nn idl^ one. Th'r Uhintuifi had oppr ta a c d 
both cldAMW, itoiuall) as nrll as oHicuilly; and wUile tW obo 
mid, *■ We are Cbin*?Be ab wel[ ag voii, ftud jpI nil lioncnint, 
ricbea, ntid luivA^ntogcs am dobtirrctl aa^" tho puor wretciic\t 
Mtau-td^e huil to ooTisplaiii of^uni, (?oiiti?m|rf. una le^'at robbery 
in rontd and tfutce. 

I7th. — Thi? nii^fbl wiw wild In mir baro, or iiilbitr vhed. Oa 
min^, I fuund Tbi^ teniiperAtaro to be 4&'^ ; in tho aftemooni 
bortcTer, it ixjse tt' 00\ L n^t** (old by tho viLagejB that thoy 
httvo allow ID winter, Tlnsir huuaia^ buih so ope-u tj the air, 
^'ould lead one to au opposite couvictton, But theD tbeoe 
|M*oplA ue%'4^r obuiL^e thi-lr pWht'it night and day, nnd mako ap 
tur the rejt ^ith i^oltoa qudU Tho bodd in tho bent 
iiJiiK nro merely tooae |ibirih« pbki'pd on lo^^ooi! tripodi?, kutI 
<overed with dirty atraw, Appim-iifly lb" jiet-umu fated duet 
boa Ljoer beeti dislurbfj, eA(4<pL ^tliert I huppem-d to li«. 
Coai-dust m in ^^ni^nil utn at tho villa^t'K m^ pAKS thnotij^h notr, 
and to-day wt: cnjsse<l auuthr-r be-d oi' jt. leu dittinntly morkoj 
on ihn surface. Jiy ccmpi^nsation for yesterdaVa tameneea, we 
Wt-ro refroihud today itlong tiio whcb ronto or tho Aight of 
amiliug valleys fall of life, nnd euluiir, uud cultiirHCioitu Thay 
did not lii^ so ilat na those scon above, but aeomod to graap tbo 
tiudtiluliiii; hl\U of red -uimty mid, nnd rulliratinn wnn (^rrii^l 
up jn the familiar terraces to every available spot. Troea 




^ 



pleDtifiilly ^eattcir^d nbout* And added to tho beantj of lb« 
nwnc, ilirrc Mx'jv] tli<T AycniDorc, the plftnc-trco* Ihc p^plari 
uud lIi«* 8fi]iikUli rlii^lriiit.K pretty, K(iKiotVl<^uv4>tI htitlj, rHi^tffi^ 
vili\i rod bfini{?«, oind tho tinmrsAl |>ini:\ Tbo furtbcr ve co 
ncHtr tJLf* tnore hr? Hitd <}f cuhivutiLiu aiici jH)|Jiilutiim. Th<i 
TilUf:ea inrV^oflo en llio rofid, niid ifa^r^? n more Bnmli traffic; 
or«iigcft from Yun-Ntitj And stiiLW «1eoi^» coiilc dIoii^-; wliiJo 
drovers ar^ mi--t with Hooks uf sho^'p — livinjjj tititwiLi-d, »K>nio 
fifty, from tho coM weather of ^im-^an: olher^ to fi^ llieir 
flgclce oil iliD grii«?<y hillx of vld^-U F liJivr Kftukiui, pHHtnm 
l>^»g sc^rcu ill Vuii-Jitu:, Kwoi-Uliou luiiat hayv a temijeruU> 
€lim;iti\ for tln.-^ Iuiiw> iiir mil liiiiil to (zntinl nt^ttiiist cold* »iid, 
ftinon^ift olliirr si^iut, I iiiftiot' time tb« liorao-ebi^Htuut hiui not 
tet dro{i|it^d it» fudr^d lla&^oiii^. 60 fdr tlif^ a^^ru^^ 1fui]>i'iii'> 
tuw w(j imvi- I'lpcnt^ucid liuv bou^i nl-oui ^o'^', Tiie drovufl of 
•be«p liAVe W;u lectutiy «1ioru. mid Lumbei-A of y<}uug lambs 
accoinnAiiv ilif fliH W. 

16^— riio n^rhd to-day paA«e<l iiiL'uu;;h it uumbi^' of viillcvd 
i^U cif rk^,. and wuten.'d bv fiiLfrll HtrtuunH running in n uurfli- 
tlv dirri^Eoii. Thu dii<tiui<<<t to tlio Cl^u oity of P^u-an u-oB 
44> ii. ^^hati had t^> bo !LCcuiii|jliahed iu one DtroCcb. 
^Jb.— Un IciiVFt^j^ onrh' tUU tmiiridng vri? mnt liimdreds of 
iDCb niid piiiic^'i camjii^ coul into the aty. It wjlh mgatJy m 
doflt, but n snmll c|rnintity wiw in himps of n ii^flflil size. Fur- 
ther on wc ]?a« the mmc ur n^irrfiw Ethull I'rom whcnoo it v'a» ftll 
|>rocur(-<d. J'Ui* shaft wasdrivea &l u dowrmard iurliui', i-uritr^ry 
to tbo nfiUaJ pmetioo 10 Chinji. I don't ki^ow liow thc*y p:t nd 
cf tliCT WiitiT. AhtmL ft miliT irum r^Ji-iiri, wt? U-^iiu hi ii^rrBd 
the laat i;re&L barrier on our road^ It ut^ ciLllod tlie Vnn-Nuu 
PftV,&ndcXGCcdod4ilL thci^llirn* in kngtii. Hutllicinclinuttii* 
c>a]ir, uud the siimitiit nkoHomtoly hi;:;)) (3300 feci). There «'uft 
110 iitt^cp dc^^nt on Lbo other iFiido, the rem! pnafing c^Tcr a id^U 
platiFnn nf very jmcir UdO* IttrforB n^iojiliij; tilt? rrejit nl' tlin 

np I looked back on a lovoly ncona Tlio tino valley waa 
Led olI v.i\\\ itiituntiL tints ittid barvoat gi^Id. Thn bigli hills 
«llt<jiindMctCdlruviouitli lurg^pat^bcfiol iti-d eoiI in muoiigLJio 
tnen, tmd tho ciiy. nith it« crowded Toofs And tnumpbal Qtched, 
lay i» iL cradle bvlow. The btsi half of \\%*3 sIaul^ ttux b«rf«n 
giOBtid ; rocky* rough, low hill« on both siiioe, aud coar»e eni!!« 
frronriog AfnoiLg h<iiiTdrr« in \\\e middle, Towiinlfi \hv rnd, no<v> 
CT«r, wo cftmo cuuoea a bcautitul vulluy m ^vhi^b all lbo biu-vcot 
upefRtiuiiti v'er» orer, ft&d inrtcad of yolEow, tho nonibie otduur uf 
Doh earth reltovod tbo <j_ve. Tho %\i\g'3 bjid Ihj^tu a louiir one, 
ihc bearer^ thi^r^ugldy tired out. dropfjcd the chair ^ith a 
ViTll-lvi;;^nc-d Uip, and so ci>Tnp'llnd mc^ to iraJk a long vay m 
the cloaing darknow Over iia atrvcioud path. 



accoi: 
^^ I61 




190 Masoabv J NaiMM of a Jtwntnffwm Hankoit io Ti»-ii fu. 



i 



2WA. — Wr Mvf^ now 15 li from the Iwnndarr line of Yixtt* 

»2fui and Kwi-i-CbotL The exciteckeDt of croMi'nfr th« bocdor. 

And pfitAnfi^ the Cudoiu Pnituic«, vMch fill^ ub at alBftjiig, 

vru mthfr <bmpod bv ll>o naonuD]* rain, but 1^ noon the «iu 

»honr ont ftlmott uacorarortablir nnd diAp«l]«d tbe mist Tbe 

rodd filop^ rlomi ^fk^ilr o\fT % t^<\ KAni\ wnAe lowordi U>a 

iniBtior towm, vhicb taa di^inj^ithcid br ah arch at each oihI 

fof lU ttiipl« ■treet. The vii*w towarcU Viiei-Nhii vni dia»|v 

IpOJDtii^- Thorn did not K^m to hvt Anv trrminfltioD of th« 

undiiUtin^ rock-cOTvred liilln, wiiJch txtoMo^X aa far u th^ era 

<s>ald B&Oi. A abort sUf^d hrouf^t xi» U> tbd fim oily of TvuiJ 

Kftn lyiDg tn our way ; tb(? mttgiftcnal city ol P'iii^i Qsieii, 

vbore'l was rvepiTed with marked inrirility by tlio ll«nd«tia 

(& Kiia^-^Sti man nainrvl Hnia). It wwi a kind of mdent 

vhidj a rhiiiniiiuii i-uti ju tJOJi'ily mI^ow nitlitHit ffiiiitf fftr out of 

the way, and coDf;ifit« in iisin^ f^xprc^ioDi^ applicabLd to an id* 

fvirinr, nmi r>mitlm;^ furuix uf r(ic]iir-t(«' wliirli aro held ntdiKpen- 

l^iiblo, Hq BM!n^ to 1>o si)fl|:ticicfU3 of tb« loc^il ptWKporl hii<I 

lfixamiii«d tbo tfcnl crilkaUy. 1 was able to c«taU this abfirl by 

[iwfi*r«iico to tlie T^un^-li iani«n doapetchea* and t)in !«tt^ <>t' 

th<» Kwei-yang Fa-t'ai, which lio ownoa to hafuif; received. He 

ratrripd nut liis instnu?liui>it, htmin-cr, and H«t tiro tBen u 

ifiaeort. 

Onr ntod on tho ^1«f wa« Waiitt fully level over Uie broad 
battonorl n^ mTid Before riniching our riiicting-placCp a town 
['Colh^d Pai-HUui, iliore Ut4>rrened one tiue ulain nt la«1, tbnxit^'h 
which a narmw ulrrain Itowpd in n g<TQ{»r»l noi-therly dir^cttoji. 
The harveat waa juat over, and beaiiB itare dhootia^ up bct^^een 
li© stubhle. In evpry villagw n lively wpne iret onr Ti<iw. 
fOao and oil \Uiro nn^aifod in cither »toi^kin^ tho straw or 
tiif^diTiff Urn Hiixh III llu-Niin mid Kwei-Ciiim lliry hare a 
curious habit of han^incE th(> ptrnv <m troaa iDflU«<i of sloukiD^ 
it ou lU(^ gT[>urtd- Thi^y rrcltxTt a tail yoiin^ iir or luiy tree 
which i« frvQ oi loav^ for 15 or 20 fr«it, and tnfipvnd the bunch 
from ft point in ita tmak. The tree looka aa if it wore a 
crinoluib drawn np ratlj*<r high. Th© plain was full of fli^oks 

22iwZ--— 'file nind to-da/ fur hnJf Llirt stage pjuwuri over another^ ^H 
latoau of wiist^ KiJcuhiTahle land oa ivhioh ihrro was JittLo ■ 
^gniM oven, hilt A great 'jHiintitT of i-oirVn and fttiju4<«. W« 
noticed lumps, of iron lyin;^ about, of an almost pure quality. 
Tho soil ovary wlwro on thia pktoait ivaa >«ry rich in varioiy.> 
Undomaath th(4 jOl-ptrrvattini; rt.^ then* w^^ro calcareoua d«<- 

?5fiila. Ntmbovfi of Ui-pO bouklcjrs of puri* chiJJc ('') Jay abi^ut^ 
hem wr»rp Kr»vj'ml hMnkn of rlny f*f vnrioi38 colouta. eip-HnUv 
grcon ani purple. The «'holo Held vrna painted, Jjut th'« 



i 



4 



i 




UKOAtYV Sotttofa Jnirrwffrttm Nan^otr tc Ta-U Fu. IdL 



I 



_ on wai nothintf huL n rough doNort of undnlAtiiig grflliu4j 

rrDUiul^ wiih LiUa. The la iter half of lie titjige.liciweYei^] 
liinoivl th« hnlf-wsy village of Hai-tKU P'u, improved in ficetifti^ 
aou Torduro. Whrrercr iho ricc-hArrest wwv b«in^ ^tliorc^l ig^ 
tlici road whs full of bufTKlo-uiite oonvdyjng l.be ^rum lotho 
villi^re;. Thi} poctf^b nro riol partLriiJar About chr)0J4inE; a cIcilh 
tlirftaliiug-flm>rp m»J, uh ofij?n jih iujL. w-ailli-r tin? vHry i^lutii witll 
CTatD ftod 8trair; and the ttr^t of a Chinese villaf-e u better 
left uodctcribcc). On nf-Aring thi? i?nil of our jqutdov, ih*^ pUtpaii 
suddenly oftine to ui eod, and a v^rv fine plain Diuul on our 
view, it Xrctched AirAy to the mntii and ^dcDcd ti? it w^ot. 
The eUy of Chan*! Chon lnv t*ppTwii« lu tm ih*- nihumiil^ nf th« 
vatLcy, abont 2 mjlcr^ off, 'Tho bearon;, villt tlii? (fC^aJ in vi(>AT« 
n-Jniiblril ihi'ir Mprrd uiid nhuntt run rritt into tin* I'tty. I Ri-nt 
ny card to tbo Maudaiiu ; but h^j'i> uj^oin tha tiiuu<> kuH of 
incivility \i&s oflcni-d. No carl was rMumed, uad no tinbwtrr 
<KH]ld bo obtatQvd to a c?ivil recfut^st tbut lh*t i^^oTi mighi b^ 
aent early, flicioc vi'e hod to start at daylight. Aa the Handtiria 
pribnbly Icmm' \iu\n or nothing about nil tbiit, I ttvnt my writer 
with die 'Ir>?aty b> otil:fthleQ tl»is all-p^wLTiul j/milcir [*ml facta* 
turn on my jriiHilioii, The roiill vha ibfit tl]<.^ Mit^ixtrjiti?*! c&rd 
rtrnvcd by-ttud'by witU mi urswtjr ti> roy rotpui'^t. 

23rc^. — Aft^r H^iltii-^ in vuiii for an enijuri, I Ktarlud miA^t dajTl 
tvithout it At lungth a stupid olil man tumoH np, tvho proved' 
TAy UMltttt. ilidtoud uf ti«iidui]c tno or uioro mr?n, njt all pre4 
viouBofficiftlfi hod readily don^, they harl Tnken th^ liberty 4v] 
the YAmfn to chuajj^o the niimbrr iitolc<i m the warrant, nnd «o 
reduood ^ne tu tht^ certaiijty of oaly having; one Diaii w-iit for 
tbo r«flt of thp r<nitc; for llioy cony oao nnoUior fnithfiilly, 
HnL viti ATF? iLi'-ar tlm rapital. lUh rtHid nt gmitl and the pr-o[}li* ara 
civil, lo I do not pay mncb ait^ntion t> thi» want of oonrtMyi 
On Btortiue from Cbnu'i nc at finrt followed its wplendid valloy 
duo south for a oile or Itro. and then abruptly bmke out of it 

right an^lc^t to a^rond a scries of Bmall, but nuc^Difortabto 
vi'hiHi W L]i> In unoiher dreary idaleaii, lili« tbtwt w*] 
lavo already pafiacxL Tito vallL>y vmn wolj eulliruted with rieo^* 
and the liarvoftt binng over* tljn niimrtoun floinlird fiolda gavftr 
0}ipeftr&acc of a vast lake to th« plain aa aeon fn>tu ubovo, 

'itiMfruua flt^cks of storks tbund a good feedin^-'groand th«raiiD. 
But ft f;oQd deal of t}i» ipacM) wac Tvaily a Mvramp, and not v«t 
puito uwe. Tbere were high cana^va/d ruuain;; ii: all diiyio- 
tidu, but inanv had fiillon la plaoi'f Jti difr«*n>Ht plnceH- Their 
ODSteiiCO Aeomed to indimtc tho oocurreuoe of llnodd. Wo 
reached tlte city of Ma-luug Cbou ia gi>ixl time, and fouiid a 
very fftir ItwJgm^ at ihe kiiiL;*'kimn. 

24J^. — Ijeil Ha-lui}g Chou befurc sutuiva iii order ti> <ioinpl<it« 





1^2 Ma^oaiiv'c Neia af^ Jomtuf/frvm IFaiAoie to T^ A. 

80 U ID ^oo^ timv. The country improred in lipprjiMficc 
thtMuldition of trPOAfWhiclip tli<>ii^lL Ntintril, {^row nbauilimily 
ou the iiilk and iikiti, rt-lic^iiij; tho de^nliku monotooy of 
reil snil which elil] conTiDQed. 

*JSilh.—\\e jiJcpt \ii^ night Kt t1i« town of I-lunf; S«ti, 
h[^vju^ mmtbin^ lujijc stajj?* of 75 li Iffihw ud, loft M dftyligh 
Our road, always wido fiod level, ra^^ thumjrU mrmy Uo 
and htM]gorowg. Th« wind, iifi iiaiiaI rveiy day, ili:w UiuUfuIbrl 
&bly fri>m the fOTilh-west, jMiroLiug tiie skin of our £rc«« and 
producing discrrd^rs of th? throat, 1 notiocd tluxt it «pmne tip 
ubuut 9 A,M^ ihe eai-H<»r htJiirs being *tiU atid niHrnniAeJ, 
KouscA overywbcro wore a nrat Qtid (^omfi^rtabio Jook. The- 
wrnt delju^lied uid roiiTBiy, tmiUiif Hutwlriivl mud bni^kK mn 
«'C'1I tiled, I!nt we no larger uiw tije open ex|x>fi]re to the a 
wbfcU dislinguJshed tliow of Kwci-Choii* U'iuil and coid 
CAKfully fitiQl otil. On aL'UTiu^ YungUnr ^^bicb tra< a 
now, but niUfct hftve been a city once, tho rx-ad ^kiit^i^d a U 
laki-t rovereil in many jmrU by tu)l n^fids. It wm jUi immiinn 
expojieo of water, ao^ la ^id ti> tifTi^rd quontiti^ of dab, Hoosi 
after thi« a magnitit^etit pkin buntt on mir virw, wHI attudd 
yi-\\h j^Qyf Yillo^'d, but ^WLU'inJuj^ witb ruiiia of old ouca 

2C-ith.—i}\\ \va,\h\\L V^U[;*-liti the ruins cautcd by the w&r wi 
eadiy promim-nf. 'riw? ari^a «>v<ired by hmivui t^fu fi^idmitJ^ 
Tvry UigepUmI fmui iti-tpIi^iididaiU;. auci (juick rerivAl. 1 aJii^Ldj 
think thifl musl have bceEJ sm imporliint <"i|y. Tb(? distance to 
tbo capital vtJis lf>5 Ij^ or\ \\ vtry L'vcl rOEvl. AIodj; iho wholo 
rcmt^ 1 biLve bad to stni|.'|^ie ugaturil wrjiig iiifurniatioD. DW 
t>ii]ce« and routes vary, apparcAlJr arcordiit^ to th« idcfts of 
tlifTL'rrMil prrMkiu. and ibb reniilt is that 1 bave liMn rnixbHl 
to tbo extort of losing ten davs. In^lead of Iwenly-tj^i^ ^^f^ 
beinK *iiflicicnt to nccotnpUth Ibc journt-y from Ob ai->ueu Fii 
to Yun*nan Fu^ 1 bave only iitana^ed to re;ioh the tbre^bold of 
tlio lultcr city in thirty da)i»; and tbbt after cTcry effort 
hurrv my (Mndmrlor«, 

afi/t,— lloacht'd tho city of Tun-Nftii boforo coon. My 
vant mtit mr cit tin^ gaLc^ ami ooiidiif^Ir^l nui to a vrrygixKi 
ciai mn, Tbo road waeorowdi.^d witU pc^opl^^ pa«eiii^' to and fro. 
Carta conveying fliGWOcd, mingled viUi pomes canylug cliar- 
Gcab j^wtbij eoidii^ t^oiuiiig otit with Ij^iuk ot suit siting at tlid 
rndx til' tboir nBoful bEimLoo. Tbo nbort suburb itu fall of 
aaddlery ehops, rmd tbe stalls diaphiycd nicknacki, opiuxD- 
lampB, find oruumcutd. One aobtiiry clock wii« tbo only rcpr^* 
lOntatlve of forei^^n ware which met ny gaze. Tba people ivurft 
aot curioii* or tionblcsome, nnd I entered tho citj uncfoort^d, 
vitboiit ibtJ Kli^bli'ML diffirully, Tht-r; ykx\» ufitltumr nbuwy \i\ 
tlic njiproacb. Kuina surrounded tbe walls and dotted tbo ut^*- 





dof 








fiiScect plain stttiching far nwny. The citj is on lerol ground, 
ftiid tht^n^rort* nnt |>]<r(nriMH^iii>^ A few v^^ry mtiLt tuxd origmal 
^loiQptes of roofinj^ noar th»> gatea eboved the boat poinU of 
CliiiirMo a^^.hil4M*tu^^ 

Next dav n spl^ndiil ijmillo ropaet of ohoicost Cbinc^ki diebo^ 

mift sent ^own by tlio Jklagiatiitte, fur m^ and tuy servanbu 

£iffht Inw^ w;oodtih tmyn *^^nlaining fil^y-six Xxml^t i)f difTorent 

disbra and sweetmeats, all ready for tlie cook's hands, met my 

rWi^vr ott entering the ronm, hiuI four cooks fVoni the Ynm^n vrttm 

»dy to opemte* 1 liefer enjoyed a b(?tter dinner. After this 

pro«*e*Ien in mv chair to eall cm tlie Magistrate, whn received 

10 Vfsn' wvW, ana pleased me eci tlioroti^lily in hm nppcaranco, 

bearing, atui atmigritfotnand manner, tlmt I no Imiger f ATtHl to 

«w» th(f Govomor, imd flntniatet! all 1 wanted to bim. My fint 

obj«t ivas to C4>ii:itn)ni<'a1o with C<jL Urowno in C4i*e bis l*ftrty 

sliould arrive Ht^t, and to rermeist the Acting Vi*vpoy tvj nend 

iofftniotioas port-hoAttf U> the xiiDEr-ch'ang 1? u offieialB, to give 

bim every a§r<ifilanoe. And aeooriflly, I nMkei] for an eHc^trt for 

myseir and a iotter to all tlio miindarina m n^uifti explaining my 

pcoiLioji had objeet. The Maginliate, whose name is Pit'U, riNwiilv 

^^ promised t^J convey mjr rcqnesu t*> the Viceroy, and so, wilb 

^^vatm thnnk^ for bin civiltly, I conchitled a very iLgrcciible vinit. 

^B *20th. — The Magistrate i-etnujed my eall ihitt morning and said 

^Hthe GovciTor waa extremely buny jnsi novF, btit voiiH be ready 

^^ti> tvn mn when J vjtaMi buek from Ynng-cb'aM^ Fn. He bad 

r dejiuted a couple of Mnnflarina t<* escort me the whole way, and 

wjt* ftlmot to unnd a ftving despatch to Yung-rh'nng Fu, which 

titould arrive in funr days at that eiiy, aii'l my letter to Col. 

BrOTvne would be forwardpti by the same opportanity. In the 

course of the 9Lft4?mooTi I reL^eive^l a message from the Governor, 

requeating ma to wait another day to allow time for the escort 

get reiuly. 1 wa£ nlili^d in au^uiaMrt*, ulthou^i timo woa 

r precioHfc 

*\i not Inave III! Drtvmfer Sm??,— Tlift road |>a««eil acrow 

^the vallt-y towards the liillsn P**a«anti were hurd at work irri- 

Lg the fields with water-trnugha anrj paddles workid by tho 

lit Several etriii^a of animals name ehing the roadjloadrd 

vilh salt for the capital* anil irritated the cbftirhearers greatly 

their eimtic mattrin, whirb rontinaally tbrt^nteaed a rollUJon 

tbo chair. Mules, doakeyflr ^nd ponios were mixed tip 

ler ill eaeh gang, and a i^nplc of mules invariably led r.ha 

^d^oorated in the mo^l funtaatie manner abr>ut th^ hcjvd with 

ren itwtt?^ and laaftelft surmonuted ^ itli a bunch of long ftiatheia 

like ft U^d Indian chief. We cam« to a full stop i^omparativftly 

<MU-ly in the aftornoon at the top of a small pass botwcen 3^ 

1^^ and 40 11 fh^m tlie capital, called Fl-K!hi K ou, 

^m VOL, XLTI. ^ 




.1^4 MauGAtr'j AW«« Iff' a Jmimty/rcm HmJkatt A> Ta-ii Fu. 

T)]6r6 y/A& only ono (UiMtt inn to be founds wluch ooniift«d 
» eiingle large <:fiamber, m bhqaII cornet cf vbicli vos boxed of 
vrilli deon wao^ivork ior mpHrior gticiKU. Two guunt buHkloa* 
vrer« slabbed iu cb^ej pri:Diimity on a floor of altiah ; tbo Idtoben 
lilled ft third corner, ajj*! M^tmix Chmi. Y»uig. anil thrm? or fi«ir 
cf our 9ervnnU tbitiitl their rovEsU nlon^ tbo cxhtt AJdoe. Ctioa 
tUM Mji tliL' iJuit} Lj* MiM^kiu)^ u^Jimii- There is soin^tlLing 
ut(r«ctivti ill tiLo po<i<«ii cl tatuDg opniin, wlitcti mutt coiDpoi>- 
aal& a GJiinauiait for a ^t^Ai deal i>l' ili^om&^rt. IJJa L«dinii||f. 
wUit^> mproly con^Hta of a coupli^ of f]tiilf«, is ni'Ully nrrADg«« 
by hid eervaul, part as cuucb luid part ao |nUow, uu^J be thicwa 
bimHHf down to pUy with his pipo^ ejid tray full of inviting 
niL:biati]c±) (Ir^oBUrcH in UTiMUFitlvett}^ oarolcw of <tirn>uitdiug 
BirtuiiiBtaiic^s. AiiU t-iich wiiiH'c^oAtA Iiim aoiud pleuHiiit pxep* 
tiim, t~Lkr fully ti^iL niiimt^fi 4hip9t> bttfotv tb^ (iinrb iiif o|'iuin u 
Tediic'tTtI lo tlio jn^>|>er ctjasiHloJicy by lieii^f twintwl and twirled 
about at the ond of a short «pit ia thi? opium-Umjx 1 hid a 
1mi£ convorifAtioA ut Dight witli thr two o^icer* on the vubjecfc of 
r^lwayR aod iru>deni iiwcDtious. Tbey pr&ieMl u|> tho Ljigliab 
irilb » ti(tt1cr>' tbut 1 wa» obliged to rcbulcr. IJut tt)CLrappn^ 
AiaLJfiii ijf tiur ciiiHlnfuliiHi In war avjw i^'irTiutcii*, mid tbn tumt? ijf 
Qnson ViotoriB ^as menlioned ia ti>rni» of respect and admiift- 
tioiK 'Xhfty knew the binl<jry of Hrir Mjtjcsi^i MToenioB aimI 
reign, and the cxalti^d cbarAct^r of cur aoT^reipn Tefl^oted nioet 
&70Unb]y on tho (^imatioii in which they licld tbo tuition. 
Mid iU rupre»diit'it!ve-i in Ohlua. ^J 

Zfd- — Wo only aocoajplisbod 4li li today,etoppiuf-at ^VaDiDg^H 
Oliuti. fiini'ii tb« w«r brought, ntlii on <-vrry fowo, tlifrmbaN not^^ 
b«^n euffioiont limo for re^uBoitatioEi, and coneoqurjutly troT^ilen 
CjLiiaot moTC boyond stated distaiicee vhhcroioLi aro lo be found. 
Tilt? country to-day ahow^ si^ of pa»i uultivitticn, but now 
iiee utterly descried. A largo quantity of yoimg troes grew 
iM\ lliL' hifl-Aidt-M, and w'<? werp not (Hr from » ranga of mown- 
tajjas, Tbe hedgerows and surrounding gtoand abounded vit^ 
brambW and Uie v.iv\iMA Appejirf^ in tliick bn«h'>H. Tbc road 
Vttfi still fi-iil C'l cai-iiurs oc(.'U|/ied witli notliiug <i]sl^ but lult. At 
Aonisg ChoUi I woa paid extraordinary bonoiuB by tbo local 
authontios. ■ ^ 

Un tho Wht hflviDg a long stage before ua» tvo otArted etidy, 
Tbo ih^miomi^tttr uiiirked 4tr, und a thicik nbite miA filled tiiO^_ 
air, unlit tbo aun rt»o high cnou^b to ^ist\^\ it ; and iho rvat <l|^| 
tho day wah aTmo8t uui-'OTrifortiibly hot. Tho road waa roujA^^ 
ajid d«t-p]y uid<-nt<jd by mule-triu^k)^ H\indr€'ii9 of animals 
met u* enipk^frtl iti cniijing salt. 1 ho j^mitrr part «f tiiw way 
wnK \viuclv, uncultivnl]« Jjind, ^'ovored Wilb batdy shruba and 
atunted treee. But now and tlien a rallcy appeared vrbicJi 




HiaoabyV y^M ^fa Jifumgy frotit llan.ko\e (& Ta^H Fts. 195 



wu portially rctiiJcd. and one or tr^o TiUfk^os, m-^etabli^hei 

pTDvinoo. Th«y worn rdloured, emhroH erred gtumpntti, mid 
pieeentM oihei |>efiiilukritioa ifhkh I had not timo to nolioo 
in pofifliii^. 

Th<t r^itil, on tlio 5f^, hoJi outdone f»v«rytLiag hitherto od- 
ooanbfired in tilt«r bttdnvsA. Xu addition to \u nftturml tm<* 

kmtfeotaons, I b>>lii?ve th« retrvatic^ MfthocnedADa pnrpoaely 
aortioycd thn ]>AVniiii:Mit m ordcir to ttirow dil^cuItiiM m the iray 
of thi^ rmi>enal iroopi. 'I'heie ia ttc-aivc^ly any level groQiul in 
ihe wht>!D Imifftli r*f tliin tfldioiw rtflifl:o of 75 li to Ln-f^Af? Hnon. 
It is full uf HtrH-}> ihWAi-W, tliP olilpf of whilll rW^ii 1<i 3500 ffvit 
(by iDy aneroid), and IIjg tntck by whicJi it is BanaouDt«<d is 
Amply a cU^ra of deep rut* %xvd broken 5lOD^^ *>ffi.Ting the 
■cme of daiigeroTu footing to animaU aa veil as carrieta. On 
amriik^ At Lu-fcng Hcicr, 1 «iu erootod outeidQ the city W tho 
Hnff!atratt*'ii nird-biitrar, who knelt according to ciiitom, LoEdinz 
dp 018 maet^r'e cani, and politely ioformod mo that &he oKcu3 
trWrvfUing rjimrtern nnro reiMlr ii^r luy rcHTption. 

Oa tbo tifA Wis attirt^^d at uri early boar, tho thcinnomot^ at 
46*- The atfigo wa« tlic loDgort wc have jt^t n£u.TiiijiliHliMd« 
bdng no li, and much uf ll ustst atoop ptua^i. Thv mountalna 
FOTo thickly Covered with pio^. All tho villa^M wero in Tuiu% 
and ihn nillfivs r)f whirh wn c-rowai-d thrim or fini/j ar^ sparsely 
b^bit<!^ Oue very btMvy ixas. iuvolvini; f*>vcnU h of a 
severe mMiii^, interveiLtw in the long mATch, and by a atftep 
doAjMnt loiuix to tbo tow:i of Sh^txu. 

TiitT tf mppmturr wtw i^^ at fllartiiig b«iI iDomiiiK, but befora 

Toik^ the ^iin «hon? out strr^ng, uad by >:una<)t the tber- 

<4or luvl rimiu t^0^ The rood wa^ »tdl full of dimciilt 

and deserted Tillngee. If <>tily !ui enfly road ?ay reftdy 

Iwoon Vn;i-tjaii Ku unt) Rlmmo, a fwrfoct fti>od of l(riti«It 

goodri wiFiild lit* tt«ftlloipi^l np at onc^ for the Kwi^i-CbutJ oiid 

S&^-Ch*^len markets. Tbo raorohant« of tho Inttrr pro^'incd 

woiibi nnturully prefer In buy at Yuii-Xau, imd tlunt tlinir };iiotU 

down thr> Yan^tese, to the risk ^nd e:ipense of the dtillculc 

ucenl from Jiankcw up tbe l-ch'nrtj: gi>rgr, Nntivo cloth ii SO 

d«fiT in Kuei-Ohf^u ana Vun-*Nau, that the people carwot uffond 

to buy it, aud theJr roggod appoaranco is duo not 80 much to 

Kveriy lus U\ the priw? of cMJi lieitig bnyonil tJntir iqiiuuc 
icro vmuW be Ai) immense Bale if only ]tLknch>:8tor coods could 
be ^-liertply conveyed. Watoht* Are wAnted badly by ih^j nts^ 
clft^Qfi. And there lA a ^ut ooj^i^rness to know tho prioo tt 
Inu^ i>f my foreign prodactious, Cntlt-ry /ind cidinary crockery 
BdmiratioOp and almost anything forei^ would cpocdily 




N 




ODtioo baffin^ U I may jtt<lM bj th« h^ ^^/pndmtioo and 
imfeLigaed coTetiag diiplaied bj the few vbo cxuniiH^ mj 
powttwioci. KtuBg-i'img Bhwa, out dwtinatioa, Uy iu « fiue 
VftUe^, «liieb Mdly m&tM iolMbitoita to recultiTvto ita bvoftd 
aem- T vm ^ifwdingly veil rem^ k^ Uh Uigntnici, vhci 
VM a Tiyjii^- Kvci'Chou rafla* and belm kftTiDj; we beett&e 

8(4.— Uil Knma^tunc- Tho rM<l vrfts ^ b(*U«r t^^y^ 
ni>d ouly tvo iuAit'iiiiiittut pfune* bid U> ba CTcawd- Limoked 
at a to«ii callad Vao-cl^b, whJcli Ij«« in A fi&» Tftlloywmtor»d 
bj a good-cjud stream, and contAinM vovnc iniia llie ro«i 
followHl the baoki of tb» river for the latt^ halt of the stage 
alino^ up to the prcrccltiral city of tVci Imiaikp, whtrt wo 
■t^>|mL Si^iiit? ivhauhU werf> engn^rd in flivtui^ luaberdowa 
the Blr<ADi. It «vju all cat into Bmatl lencrtha, and Bijrittda of 
thiwc cnV4*.rrd lUo fikcv of the tiuit, parL la xnttt moLiDn with 
ihe main curTEtnt, and part lazily floatiaf; di>wn the aluggiali 
flow, while a quimtity rcmaioed jambcd in att anKomUo roitt 
ThA W(MMl-ci]lt«fH ruiiniDg rUong the banlcH wttli iiuIca ^^eraecl to 
hare no cnsr twk in haod to hecp tbcir strag^img property 
liig<-tln*r- Tha villn^Ttm Hii|*irirnl in \k infllar ufT, and uiortt 
cciQlL>rtaUv oind, in the Cn'u'hm'iLQp diftrict. Thoae of t bom 
who hailc<! fmm Yiinif-€h'4io^ Fn or T'ing-y uch Cboa, on iho 
bord<^r«, showed a decided predilection ior colour and €llh- 
broidcry abotit thrir pcnons, tScTcrat indiriduala wovo acftdci 
jm-ki-tH of K rihh'^d clulh, »hit»li I nm t4dd b a product (/"T^Og- 
>nob Cbou, and 1 noticed how maiiv of the wayfdn?!^ who met 
ns on tlifl rorid a^mht I ii^oo mindly ilixlcnl with WAJ-tt-botidn or 
ciiiDnierbundfl of pale ii'ttik or yullow. Tliia isMte for colour is, 
no donbtt derived from tlie eiainplo of their nomadic Loigb* 
boun on the? bordera of I'un-Nuu, and prL<8dQU a vei^ agraeAle 
contraat to tlio uniform dark-blue which otherwise ptoraili 
tbrougbout Gliiii» tu xha uatioikal dreiu. ^^ 

9iL^Vi/e etartod early ttu» momine; in order to aoccmpliah J^^ 
very long vLae^ to n-ach ih*? i^ity of <.1i?ii*iian Chou* The road^^ 
wiw p>o4,ana the bt^arera were Mq to kcop up a £a«1 pooo 
throughout. After poH^in^ through the ricLi valley of Uh'u* 
liHiung Fu, we cioasea a aeneu <>f low^ easy ptts»n?8, «lwayj* leadiua 
io a volley, with tlic aurroULding hilU [jrettily covered with 
yoring |nije-tret^. Tim i^uuntry wwi lesn and less inhabxtifd ax 
WL* proceeded, and the pooplo more tniserably olotbed; often 
uid^ flatjt upix'iirrd, given up to rank grass, and orcanocally 
the road eroeaed a deaert of bru-mblea utid wild budlioi gnowiug 
on a hard be<l of clay> I'liere waa a. tjunntity of pure white day 
Ht ftr porcitkin, aEid di (To rent-col ouroti monnd* of Liae gave a 
vtraugc: aeipect to the ground. Coal cropped out at one upot* 




TSoim'* JVff^f* ffa Jovmtyftvm Fianftrnt to Ta4i Fu. 197 



W 



^^ m n 



A Bli»rt vaa ac-tuikllv beiiii* worked Ljp;hi'r np oa tho liilE. 
^DiriI(**rBrts refiTipeureti un llic j>Uinfl, ATid a rivPT frrtjiu^titly 
had to hv oroa&ed ov^r good wtomr bridj^ In lUo earlier pari 
of ihQ ata^ a e;^>'>{I d^al of builJing was bein^; earned on by 
lich proprietors, mid I notiocd guv «xiimpUi of thn wny tli^y 
eomitmot the mafifiivc L^artli^wulLf ku f:UarLu:tr^i:itic- of ttio district 
Tcntid bImiuI, Tbo mud wiu* thmwu ht iM.wcpn pUtjlcA of wimtI, 
unit UUt<nNl down with olubft. Each layor bwamo hardened 
ill tile MiTi> and the wall had tho appe&ranca of bemg built in 
vtrata of about n foot thick. 

Next day we reached the towD of Sha-ch'iao, and on D*- 
wmttn* IlfA had lo riia* '*arly in thi* mortiiticaapS li lay between 
lu nod tho fif'it reritint'-pluee, a 1<»vr callt^d Pn-p'<?Tig by tbo 
native, UxJi which is **nt''rrd in ihc Ohin^He mjip na Lipti-p'i^ti^, 
The first yO li r^f th« way skirted the woll-cjultivated valh^y 
of Sfifl-th'iau Then ft^liuwed 20 H tff uteep i:linihiii(^ up a 
Barrow raTine, whitrh m-xh full of Ue<^ and shnibs, and cootjiinod 
II brook of cl?ftr moun tain- water, tumbh'ng down nt a j^'reat 
velooily. It was a b^miTiful piece of nntiiml scenery, bnt the 
dangers of the muf-h and lortuone tmok, by whi<;h we had to 
thri'iiil ijur wiLy> iimrretl lhi< jileaAnie ^vlilrh it vxeiti-'d. It was 
dbturhhig to be hnng nver a pn^cjpico at an angle of nhnnt 30", 
whilii Ih*^ liL'ju'or« xvere tiiniiiij; n «hni'p c-onicr, and Li fet-l Urn 
ahpe vJiioh tbey eould ecrtrcely avoid on the Iwse red sand 
which thinly covered the rvnk iindnr foot, It was enc long 
a^oent erery iaeh of the way until we racked a viU&^e at the 
euinuiit, which was the hnifway-rcflt. The rctoaiudor of tbo 
itiiirt wiH 1iih*nih1v pKiiI. It tlist [le»<t'erided a ruvliie 8li};]itly, 
and tht'U f[>llewcti a hii»h IotoI overhuncrinf^ a doop precipice 
well Ycihvl with In-MW. Thin ilcWu'lu-d At leiij^tli on lo ao jirid^ 
tineultivahle plateau of rod aaiidatono, undulating;, and sparsely 
with ahrubs and a f«^v fttuated trees. Along thi* dcwrt 
on it level witJi the tops of a mass of him, stretohiog 
\ite na 110 Car as the eye eonid aee. A little cuUiTatioD 
WiW carrii^d on in terraoius, hut otherwtws it aeeine*! to be a red 
sand woAt^* faf and Hide. I was surpriaed to i^ee quite i% largo 
14JWTI in the iiii<1sl of thU wihl phitr^ftiii and F^till more to tiod 
thjit it eonUiin:!d ii yaioco, iti whah wt^ woru soon v?.*ry com- 
fiJTlJihly fltttled ami fed by iho hoapitality of (ho IVpfwa of 
Yao-chnn, in wh^jee juriadidioii tho town lay. and wIk) had 
actually sent dowD hia aerranta a diataiic« of ImJ li, or Iwo <lays* 
jonroeyj from tbo city to piMvidn for iig, Saoh incomparable 
civility proves how thorouF;hly the Vioeroy ia to be relied on. 
His eare^r lias been marki-tl by " Ihoronghtiefti.™ T lialen daily 
to atoric3 of his rtmarhabla c^mpiiicuir aK^^nat iho Minutiae 
ID Ewoi-Ciioij, and the UahomdJ^tib m Vuu-Nap, which tlir uld 



19d 



SLUS'f l^'t to tkt Vallfy oftht SiineiU 



•oldierVaQ lovoi to dilaU mm after lijim^r. Bat&s Ua 
19 DroYokiQ^ty provinciaL, I tinroriuriAtcly cotmot kcop poflc 
wiui JiU rupid iiUeru!tc«, but 1 lojx^ to kuow iJl j^ul dii» twfo 
Mbre retmuiog to Vui>>naii Fu. whctc I bavc bcMi pronuod 
llm lirinoiir nf jlii iTilervien. Tiie Ta-li I'^i )hn>|J« am trouble 
ficnuf uni duuKirou^ I woa toli eo hy the Clieii-Naii Uafpa- 
trvler Mid it v^■«A for thin n^A*-in ttml tlir? Vjc<*ri>y wrnl tw« 
mandarins n-iUi me. U'« arv luar stuf^eri from that citv, atkd I 
au to remain a vtkole day at tlio previona fitage» n'hiio Gboa 
und Yang go ^ihead to eusuru nrraogemenU S»t Joy 4;aiiLtiJtt 
and aaf6iy, 

[Xot'ivitlistnmlii^gtlip mport^ fiftlit* tiirlmli^nrp of ttvi |ic>piili^ 
tiun of Titli-lUf £iibAtqucat Ictlora of Mr. Murgury spoko d hii 
kind r<?ot'[iliuii iu tLat city oa the litli of liocetubei-. IIu 
toulu tboTi IimI vii th^ city of Ymig-chiutg t^ Moraictii and Man* 
y^yiit, oij th« froiiLl«rd uf Bunaali. At tJie Jailer pl^ce, iili«re 
)iii Has ULljfteqiipntly ninrdw^, hu wiw al«o Y«»ry veil rocait^J 
bv ihd local aiithonticA Ho joinr^ Colonel Browno'a party a£ 
lUiaiuo Oh tht lf>t|i of January; tiaTiiig tbus ai^mplislidd & 
j«itnioy tbroii^h tJio Houth-wofltcrn Prdvinoua of I'kiim, whkch 
AO Eurujiuati bud dui;it^tfd in lining ^uict? tlie JchuiL luift- 
nionaiiM in thi^ eariy part of the «>iglitoeiith c^stury. Ur. Mar- 
LMry, 'lh flUtcd in ttic iirclitb^ry Note, >^'ns afleufnmjitcd at 
Alann^iic OD ]]ja rGturn to iliat pJac^^ in advaDc^ of CoJjonal 
Brownv'n KxpcditioD> on tbo IJUt of t'ebruary^ 1875.J 



VI,— ^ Viiii to fJit Tallin/ of the 5Au^c", in W^Btmi Tvman, 
lUbruary 1875. ByN. Kt.iar. QM MedaJlL»t E.G.a 

The following note on tfco Shueli VaUer, aiid the s^mte Irt-tireen 
It iuidDhaiDu,wa3wriU«ii»Bn Ai'pf>ndix • loBdf^taiW K<^K 
of iny prot'eeiliii^ whH© detftC^d frimi the? Hiuiii Inxiy t)f tbf 
Ijil*' il1-fHtf?d Kipedition to Viini>ati. No more of ihwe pro- 
ceediugs, hr>»«vt>r, need hty given hnrc thnti i^ »iitiinicnt to snoir 
iho GircuEiip.lai]ce8 mider wha^h tho jouruey wjt* uinile-, and tlie 
QK^nos ofitfl iiQtimHy tt^nnifintioD. 

Tffc JDUnieys Lbrou^li tlic liilJs of tlii; Leiiiifi KntcHyensi nn 
aUndod to in the note, for it eo happondd that before t^ d^pai^ 
turo of tli« main body of the Kxpeditiou tVom India I liad been 
ordorod to Bkamo to prepare tJie means of tj-ausjwrtiQg thfl 



% - 






CrtHti-h 



tp.' M\.'-^,i- A.'^, 



\ 




}n fFeitem Kun^idn. 



199 






HH 



—id 



partV t^roM the Kjililiyon territory into Uhlna; fttid in onlcT to 
(»rrv uul fhr<Hs iiistriiL'Lionii I fmiiul it n'onjiiurv U» vLiil the 
J^cnna Utiiof (tl hid roeideoci) (ht rulanii^tti, anioDi; tbf> Inllfi 
OTcHuokiug tiic ii^lmr^li Itirffr WJour Mijii^'Mah. I Irft Rhamo 
o& This duty <ia llie iStli of ItecemWr, 1874, eccoinpani^d b^- a 
KDkhycikintti'prctoraiid li«lf-^*dGZcn |>ortDra.Mirl otter «|>0Ddiiig 
6. fi>u diiyn nith ihd Lt'uua^ ui urmiigfdg the elelniU oi tm agtoo- 
mciit for po^iug tbe Kxpo'litioti tJiroui-h tlif^ir liilla. irtarncd 

boforf> boou vi^toil by a Eiirr»j^uui. Lheee KjikJjyL'iu btibavwl in 
& most frioudly and h(>«riUl>k* niiy, and cjirnoa mit ih^ir jjnrt 
of Lbu A^fruuinent eulordd int^ fn a thorotij^lily fuitUfiil niatmor. 
On tUv rirrivai uf the main body of the exi^ediLJouary fiarty, 
bowdvor^ tlio bauliT ciidvuvoDrud Xt> tdUjT tli« tenat of tli(3 ucree* 
nw&t with lliL' Iji^DiLdd. whvaa oUii^fd bad coum lo Sawudiy to 
ineot hiirip und im llmiir trvinrtng h dii^Ln^^lijiklioii U* Mibmit, h^ 
tbou^'bt itfrruduut to ]>rovtd» bnnti^lt withiiW^o bodrcf armud 
ritkeHe to prateot ti^i^ jiruiy dtkriii^' ii« jia/fHugu arroiin the bills. 
cur tbff Lcnnrw rif^tird tlitf iJiinno«D iu tlicir micmiiw, nnd 
Mrer admit ibe^u luto their iiilln, tbey ntttiiroily Wkt'd wuh 
mistruat on tlii« body of ndirly SOU armed men l>eiDg nijuvh^ 
thioiigh tlicir Ivrntory in ikddiLJon to the teiias of thrir original 
SKreemyDt, and* aftt^r some discusnioii, eTentiially declined to 
trAO^ort xU<y Kngl^K parly nt idl. Tbo Lennn cbicfn then 
rdttrnnd tu iLiejE' ijillB, nud ib^r H^p.-ditioii nn* [ilai^t-d tti iht* 
benda of tbo BurmoRo HHthijriiies for tbo puipow of boiug 
Inumporti'il by tlic; Kcirthirm ^>r T;i[ieiig iDiilr, ^hnrif u trap 
had Wa carefully pr^p^^d lor thetn, and into which poor 

aigary noi Mlowc^ lo I'all, 

On ilia jiijiiure of reliktluji?! btjta'eeu the Leiina t^hEefs aud the 
leader cf tho Espcditiont "t waa intimated lo nic by an ftjr'-'Tit of 
lh»^ rbii-f« thjii I fllniidil \h: n-rviviw! rthli tlit- wjim- iVicjuUluf) m* 
before>ifl passed thiv>Uf;Ek thoirbill^lo Ciiina without uuvurmcil 
BimnrAe in my troiii ; auii tnlting ndvantn^ft of this, 1 t>htniiiod 
]>6rtn{atfJou to dclacb niysalf from ibe mnin body, and oii iha 
JlOtk of February a^ain started for tlic hiLLa of the Lomias — 

is Untf. [liKODiuiLnicd by CHpta.rii Coitke, tbc polititNd ftg(Mi1 at 
Bluimo, wlkoii tbv aome bospitthble trealmCTit woj met with aa 
vn i\it» iin^viijiw n;tiiM.itL Thi* bill* rri>wpd, tlm Slmn to^n nf 
'jliin^'Maii ivaa loa^'hed on tbo cvouiajjof tho iUhol Fobnimy, 
Cuciluiu L'uoko retUfne^L to Bhaiuo on lIlu rui^iuiu^ uf tW< I'JUi, 
apa I th^n found tayviulf ulopptNi bv tbv Ohinoflo ofliciaU troai 

5[€aec:utii)K luy jouruey a&v futlb[^ mto ViiunftQ. Aftt^r aovcral 
ay* of fniitiw* nrcoltalions with tbe bead military official 
(one Jji-ehun-lcivo, otli<]rwi:(>i known m lii'tizi^-tn-ycb), I oto^^aI 
tbeSluieli lotUe Buinietie SLau towjiabiiioL'Nam Kain, in order 




200 



Etus^a Visit to Uif yait^ cftkt SAsdi, 



to (17 Mid (tet forwaul by n difTow^t route * but nieetioi; t\i 
viith flimilar obAtructiciu. tu^t'igutod by certain liunnesc oflldttiM,. 
I wjia oonslnifned to hnlt for n while and i>oinTnHnif*jit'* with 
6h&niix Wbilo Hioppeti tlu[»t,<Lt Kidhmi;. in the it^i^hltoiirliood 
of Nnm-Kum, im lh*» 27th of IVImiory, f nirfi*f*il Udn-* Irinii thtt 
«iu«r of the Kxpodttion of the diftutor tb&t ]ud Wfallea hie 
party, lojrttliei" witb ordere lo return At once* to Bbumo. Tb© 
irieiidty Leimjisonoe more ftfiseetl mo wif«Jy throujih tb^^ir ter- 
rilory, and 1 anlred nt Bliauio, iij means of forced marcli«i, OD 
tl>e erenicg of Iho 2nd of Miirch, 

Of tiie ituun'Toua rtmtea k^dhig from BKamo and ita nci^b- 
btiiirbnod to Wwtcm Ynnnnn, two only fire irudiwriniti^ prijirrly 
ao ceiled, viz., the North*'rri or Tftpenp roul*^, ttlrt-ady n^purtca 
on by HAJor Slatltfci Aud Dr. AiiderKtnl, und tbe lowor or t?awiiddjr 
toad. Tl]43 middle Iiilo, knou-n us the EmbuKy-rotilc, joining ft* 
it doea with tbo Noitbi-iii nt a. bhor( disUnos witbia the Chiuew 
border, being stldom used fr>r niiipnsCTof conijnfre<*,fttnitrjixp*ly 
claim u phtce as & dL^tmct '^'iVtidi-roiite;" ^hilrit thr remjiimrjf; 



Unefi, 



aiie*. boih r»orth ?*rjd wiolh of the TiitfUL-;, Hrc? i-Jnelly lorip-i 
or nhort cuts from various pDintAon tite Irft'nuiiycir tbc M*ffrnmy 
Uiter, ill uae araon^ |M-Hy loi'al trailKix jmle-uimtrh, atid the 
nborjg^nal tnbeB, but rnrtily emplovi^d aa a mctnns of ihrouffb 
oommumcAtloii by pc-rKkn-i trading betwobn lint ooramerciftl 
centres of IhJTm&h and Chmn," 

Tb<- Tiortbi-ra of the t^vu BImmtj tradc-roiiloo w the dirv<?t raitd 
t>e1wteii thiit i>Ur'G ELiid MoiinVti, uiiil ia u^ed alniuKt «ioiu4ivc»ly 
by Ihp tUrout;ii Chintao tr^idore; whilo tlio Sawnddy road mnflt 
la* regardi^d luor* an Ulh r(wul(»tit of KHVr»nil aiinorimt<H Irndhig- 
from the towns of Wostern YuDDan 1*5 the lower Chiriese &\tm 
&tnt«9> and connecting thwo latter with Sftwuddy as n pf^int of 
shipment on the Irawady, or, what h the came thing, with 
Uhatno, for the two pinco*' arc bat U milrja asunder, tho swampy 
nature of tht' tvjiiiitry br-iM-tsiui iho foot of tlie htlinand Bhamo 
irnderin^ it If °iS oonrenicnt tomato the latter placotlKftermititu 
tbim Traw«dy. 

The plain' between the lower slopea of tho bills from wbicb 
the Bavtuddy rotui dc«cend5 and tho Irawody, is. n^ughly 
sp<>akin^% from 1* to 10 miles broad, at un elemlbn about eqinii 
ivith that of tlie IriLWAdy when i^i llood : tuad tho nuTncroiis 
fitrmims shed from the »lopea of ih*? mnj^f^s haviag tliii* mt fail 
txiH^r rta^hiug tho plain <iuriujr *l»^t aeuHon, i^pread themBelvea 
out in thtj foMii i>f ewumpH <ir yhiiUctw fluiHj-la^iHhT^K thnt bnvo ao 
mcanfl of receding in Ui« [lutumii with thif KUbtiidiJicft of tho 
Itawady or llie atrooms that give th^m birth, and oansequeotly 



iri fFafrrn TuiauiH^ 



201 



I 



aro loft to bo drisd up by ornpomtlon — b process tbat Is cdIt 
I'ompiwlivl irj oivlmury yonrx hy whmi thn (»rnl of n«.'«mTM*r «r 
tho middJe of Juhutuy. 

Th«)» *h'-m ^-viMj" dnrinjf flie wiitl^r nnrl *-arly *j>ping "nly, n 
pnkcticaUo njml b.-lv^ot'ii Bhu.mo ntid MatiJEuy, tin? point where 
it COtlTergt'fl witL tlie fi-a^rk fmui Siiv<udi]y aud eaterH llif.* bills. 
Tkd direction r>f ihrg lin^ nUo i?t ntliwiut ihnt of tbo HtmniiDi 
iHiich, wheu ill fiffn], are nuffideiitly dcpr^ ami ore diffiuult for 
Jbfulod »nimRlfl lo cron* in the nbwno^ of bnrigea : ati th^ cf Imr 
Itad, the roufl connectinsf St^wuddy witit Alan^O}' ia in tJit.* ditvo 
tfon of \h>^ HlrraitiH, aud ranHeqU'-iilJy iKirje have to U? itoh^hI ; 
ftod, tiicreor<Tr, Ihr- ^rrritrr [iitt of tlin Lnttr^r pniuod throuf^b a 
jungle or hfnvy ijinW. wliere iho sot) i"* firmer, ajid wbere Ihe 
n»i4yr li<Tft for a tihi^rT^r tim^. 

Wbeii <m my frmt vUi't lo the l»illB*if tlirt Lc^ima?* in IWrmlxTr 
1874, It waa ne<?e«ary, Jn order to avoid the Hriod'^d tract on 
the o«t«»rd joitrney to MAnser. to irk4ik6 a detour through iho 
vil)&)»« of Niiino-jxMV, bringing the trhohi dfBtikn«d up to 
16 miio* ; ^^hilcOB tho return' tho 8nwnddy rtftd wa^ folJo^vod — 
a diAtum<l^ of aWiL 11 miles — iind Ih'^itrrf liy hunt to Hhcuno, 
miW A^iu, on i]\Q Iah oeeHdiou of <^roa«iii^' the bills, loth 
going nnd rctitming (Fcbnmry and Mnrcli ISTiVi tlic dir^-rrt 
track from Bhafno to Munavy hos pmeiioiiblv, leading throui^h 
lbs Tilta^cs ol Kaitg'pyi aiid ThcLii-Ieu^, aud involving omy 
Wmti I'i mik-i, wltlt i\f* KlnuimK ni n fordulfh^ dc'|itli. 

Meuaey utuuda in ixe own paddy ck-armf: of about one squure 
milr In r^Klrnti i\ii<\ is suniiiiiidcM] liy ihfi imtud linntluM) nlorkiidf*. 
Like ilU the vilia-^en t^ituaU'd on XUv phij:! beC^reeu the liiUs and 
tbc river it is undf.^r the prLftt/ctiou of a Kikhyen chi^f^ fur it 
h witLiM i\iG rt'iifl* of Kakhivn (lowor^uud eoufst-qnenUy beyond 
that of the BiirmuHe (Juvernnient so far as tlie KakhytuA ttro 
ctiruiTHMl. 'riio pmterting gonjtjx U the Limnn Tsaiibwii, but 
the AyAtcm Afloptoa I b(^li(iv(i ttj br tlK- ^una as in u\l other ouaeH 
gf "proterle*! villagea:" thuH a iiakhyfii 'rwnbwji, after ron- 
cihiding a cortnin ngrcemrnt for thu Ttiutu^il bimclit, Xak*-» a 
villa^ ur villnges uuder Uift prol'-ttjon, haul's tip his " dob " or 
awora m the houee of tb» heAdman of tho plnnp, sind gf»nii« n 
** reprpficntfttiTc/' usunllv a rohvtivtt, to rtwido vi'iUi tht? lo-tliTr ; 
tho "dab " au emblemutLc token that all oomeri infly look to iiB 
OimoTftfl the champion— tho'^rcprcflontiitivc " A kind of livitig 
euaranteo or hostnge for Ibe mtisfat^tion of the villngerH fiat h« 
istends to art up to his en^EAgOincut in prot^ctinf; them ap:ain»t 
ftll rneiuit-s, aulI iu abst^tniiij^ ffoui hostility bimacir. Tliin 
OUatom cbtaiLf oil both the Burnke«e nnd Chinese sides of 
tbo hille, and the return ummlly mndn by the villa^re (o the 
Kftkbyeiu is, I believe, more iu tbe form *ji flervice» afi a^^^ivt^ «>x 



S03 



JJlx-USf Visit to the Vtjih^ofifte ShntH^ 



"procaarenra" m the low oountry, whi^ih it ja iiot always oonT«- 
Jkx^ni for tbo KiLkhycrue to viut/thnu in iho form of acttutl puy- 
meiil, thuucli n HiuiJl qLJuJilitj of niH^ j.i. tu Htrnib i^H4<!o> uV lul 
<r«nUr paid ammally to tlieprot^otoi^ The iDbft>>ibkfitsof Uk^m 
Tillages on iho J3unnc«c *ido Aro ncurly cxcliuivcly Ilunaese 
S^ajis, speaking botli ib^^> ItLUfiua;:;^'^* *^^'^*^ )>oiierally Eiikhy^ 
fti«o, irita ixyv&X liuciLCT ; hcnco tlicir bcotimciL ov Tuuioi^c* oro 
luuiilly eiijpioml by tliQ HiirnieSL? iiiilUi>ri(u?* iis iW meuiuof 
40imEiunic;hUoii witb tho KftkLyt^na, uiid fii'u uot UDi'tji^uoiltly 
innd« rc»jx>iiJNlj]<i for liuU couuuitLvd by bim laLtcr^ or i'or gnioTf 
not oboyetl by lh**m» 

Id MccmdiDg from Hansey tlie track Icodf for asbort distoaco 
flovoM th« bw buid to Uie lijtbtwArd, toid tb^n eoifinkODCM to 
mount tho tirat »{>urd of tlio biUa ou a more j^outborJy bearing* 
forkJiiff, bowtiver^ iulu sevontl oiher tlii-<?d<ioiu wilb jl ^<^ifvrjLl 
ea^rly trond during the lirsf tvi-u coilett. TUf moia liiio is a 
nmgb LiioiiriUiii]-pfttbv4ay leiLiliiig alQiig tbe mAv i>f ntmt may 1» 
callud a eecxjcdury or t/iai&verse riLOgo, wLicb appoojv b> bo oii« 
of A scrjfd of tluee or lour tb^l abut at t^Uti eiitl on tliifi Talley of 
tbo ImwjuW And at tlio oTher on tbnt i>i tba fSbu^li, ruimiiig 
tUmci^t pOTullc-l aiiti to tb(? Dtbor in a ^rcricru] e.j?i.i:. und W^.vr. 
din'rlbn, jiml altaining Their ^ZTeafe^t nllitndeH af puinU »ome- 
wb«t QL'urcr tJiti ^budi fban iIk; ImvtiiHy. At or DCar Uic«4 
GulmiiiHtiij^ ffoinU Ibe vallt^yn ln'hiei'ii ibi* iitiigt^H Itacoiiie much 
oontrftcloti and olovotwi, in »v.iiBcqiirn?fj cf ^hicb tbo wholo 
Yiewdd frouj b(?Knv, uniirciully fivrni tlio Irjtwndy nidc^ ajipt^ara iv 
form A coEino^ied nortli aod eoiitb cbnin — an app<*ara[ioe that is 
only diHpdIcd, nidcc*], when, in tniVt^lling aoro^ iJiP billj*. tbe 
line of ^eateat alutudes (rouj^bly apeakiiig, about ^OuD feet) 
bA« been readied. 

Tbj! diHtant^e t<i Wiimbbucii, tlh^nrftL st^igcr, iit about 1^| mtbw 
{includiij^ ibo wiii(iin^8 of tho path), aud ^itli tbe cxg^jjUod of 
fLtanll jrtiUdjM of pfuldy jh schiu? of ibo vilIIcjs uear Kakbyun 
viitai^eB, tbe nliole is tbrongb fore^ta of ho&xy timber ob tbo 
Jcwor elopcfa, aorl Gjualicr trees bigUer up. witb bera and tbete 
]>utclii^ L-li?ari-d of xiW uiidc'ry;ri>wtb bv jnogle-lires, but witb tbo 
ciiarK'd atcnie of tbe Jnrgcr lr*^(w atill eftandiug lo aeTT& ad fu<j 
f[)r fbiT KnUbyi-.iiK. Tlir vJinvK ifbtjiiEKH] of ibe Iranady laUtiy 
atid noii^lLboui iv^k: u^ounlainB Iriiiu vuri^ios points, as one (uoend*. 
arc roiten«ivo ond bcaitttful : tbe river \ismU >vilh ita ialanHa ana 
iandbttnks, oan b<i clearly tratuxl Jroin it£ egreea irom tlid tJjijrd 
dc^lc to iU eatraEice into tiie aecoud ; tbe luiuntnng ur T«tiu-ka 
ttrriuii ^-Eui be t^eti tliroiij^boiit its i^.^nrse tbrougb ibo pUine to 
ita coutliusic^ v>uh Ibo Imwady. tbuitgb its uppci watortf aro 
li)(Irlri» by fbe hilJs- ]^Iany of tbe vil3Ag<3s of tbe plainSp also, 
tliou^h distant nearly 2^ miJc«, ore diacurDible by tiicu' clearings^ 



i 



4 



I 




ijt H'cMern Yuni^n^ 



M8 



tfoim tlie only xv\h^ to &ii ApptLrently tDtenaiDiibltt forait, 
Tddcli ietvo lo bIi^ijw iU a pliLiuf^ how irudi^iiieant thd popu* 
latioa '\% tm<i bow Aiudll tLi<: propurtiou of l^ud that hae be4ai 
n-^lnimmt »n<l AfiltJ^Kl. The tint hnLf qX thi« fingij jk Uirough 
Uh> tbtiitorv of tliti HoTft AubtriUr, Uirrt^ of wlii^d Tili&fi^ ore 
pHHwil i"n Ui^ roftd, Jrc-Wlinff Fita, the cliii*f ton-n, roimijtting i>f 
uiout a <k)jU3n houifca; on tuo i^ocoud Lolf, in Lcnuu L^nUfry, 
tlE« wu,y Imid^ llirou^b uummxiiu* jiuildv cbfrmiigs, oud wudl 
villa^^ would appixir to bo tolerably niLii]«^ro»K, tlumgb at u 
diAt&nc« ihiiu tli« road^ mid m.4clmn eh.-cii un llic tnivtller |^uafl«fi 

Tbfl mifkrcib iron WurabLiim to VtAnxmpM \n n *liori on<; of 
only t-euK^ V'2 jniWif, iL[id ibrougb euuniry nijuUnrtotltdt }ji*twet<iJ 
Pilft ond U iirabhiJiL, nitti the oxcoutioii that the timber in tlic 
for^l bM!omes X^sa in sivj- ux th» lUtitmbt iiHV^uuwi^ mul couse- 
quetitly gives a more open appearance to the acoaenv The 
XOfld lA no bettFiT tbaa lownr down, Wing mcrcK n roiigli hill- 
side traok. whik- tuany of tbu iLQlIubA aqiI rooky plocea it U 
nccosmry to pasd try seveiojy the caduiance of loadcfl uiinK^Is, 
Hud (tW<]. ut c'onrsp, be uU<'rly impujwiubli* to imy utli^r tm^uiiA 
of oottvcyauoo, oxctpt ooolioa. r^ovortheloi** it ie said to be 
r-Axirr tljfLi) cirJiiT tbn nartlifrii or l3ie iiiiiblUi twiU\ und tli<f 
eootiou bul«p'L<ou Mau»i>y and KutluLc to bu tbo meat difGoult of 
the whole diirtaDco t-> Momieu or Yuiii^cbang, The villagea 
pauicd <m thJR gtit^e nro ]tior<> numorouK tWi on ilio prr^viouft 
one; few of tbem, Lowever, coumtfi of uidc& than «igbt or 
ain^t bniineH, though oun of th^m, Pailac, about 4 milvfi from 
PuUuni^Eii, biui iibuut twenty. It in situated wltbin half a mile 
of th4> h'l> Lauk of the K&itntiiug Hivt?r« here a Djiri^klomble 
mountiLiu-Fln^oin, nUiod the Moyun, an4 just below tlur point 
whi^jv tlie ixjaU lo Fulanu^tu, diverging frtim tUn JuaJn ii»tid to 
Clnrat tak^n a Tnor« aoiithirly direc:tioti, while the Jattei: coudncts 
fltnti^'ht to Niim-kfii umi Kutlupg. 

At I'tiitiLO, he«id6stJie liule gwleAAof tebaocoand Teretablefl 
ordiTunlr ic^xi ground Kokbyob TillagcA^ ono mocts wiui vi&dI] 
eiidoat-il pH((.diL>i of p'^ippy, all nf mbitc Ilouert^ and having a 
Tory 6Ua;»gbnff iinraroJ-for appoarauoc* 1 wua infjrnaod that 
Kmnll ijiianUties rire ^^rown hImi al other vj11l(^% but tlinl tliir 
ivLole forma a very rndi^j^ll^eaut proportion ot tho luuouiu of 
opiam consuraed, tiM? Imloxico being obtaiJicd (vom tho Chincso 
Sban pTOviiiCii-i of Vmuian. NeQrlyevL'ryjrrxJun-upmiiu amoiyf 
theKakhvcu tribes that 1 am aequaintt^vuth U u MUuker; but 
I liavtf ML'Idom oliMrrvi-vl bovi(,nnd m^vvr wotiti-iir imhilging in th<i 
Tiee, oa in some parta pi Oiiioa. The mode of tuuuking, loo, ki 
difl'etvnt from that pnictucd in Oiina. Tlioy fii'at diasolvc the 
drufr intou liquid, boil it In u coppcj- ladle bvldiu th>j bund, u.ud 



2<U 



Eliajs'* Jlsit to fA* VafftTf afita ShutHf 



tWn Meepllie (Krrp^of plnnliun-leaVEB in tt.thofl leaiTfl hnring 
beoii provit>mly dric4 ovcir tho f:r« And onim1>]Ad up L^tireeii 
tij« ImiiJ^ tflt [iiTUjiii|^ but the aUn^H ifinaiii ; lli« wLitle is tLeii 
KOif 1^4^(1 in a rouj^b liiiinboo-jij^i?, in fihapo lom^tliin^ likn thftt af 
A Crrmiui pc/iwiut, only stiff nnd etrni'irlit inj^ltftil of fiurved, tiie 
smnkfr uenaliy silling np while u&ing it. Th^ npinm thn»i itw(.l 
ift apparently of an inlenor rf<'*rri|ition rmd by nc mt^one strong, 
while the builitig pr-ot^eHH wenkens it j^Jll further, and lenven, 1 
flbonld eay, a compnrativoly linrmlosa mixtiirf* to bp ^rnoketl — a 
coiijVrlnro thill isTjorue ant hy (lir wliju'lit effect a serite cf lhn» 
or four pifX'B al one eittin^ appears to have on thd smokert nxi<\ 
tk\m by the absence nmong llicne pcoplcnf that Tolloi*, haggard, 
wom*OTit eounit-nnncc' so familiar lo Iravellers in China. Thof 
upright poffitioD of the emoker. I think, might be taken na furtlKT 
I'TiileiU'H of lh<T milJ i-fiVi^t pohltit'ed by the opium tm HHiukeJ 
by the fionthem Kahbyeus, lor ocrtain'ly no UhiDfco smolcer 
<oulil cndtmi the t-^Wiv of i\\v. drug n* he is necnatoined to \me 
it, eicept in u rwumbeut attitude. 

Some 2J miles after If?ftTiLg I'aitai^, ami taking the Kiad to 
Palaucgtd, it bt'c^mi^* evidi-nt tlntl ihe gri^iitfut ultitudo hm 
been reachod [about 1700 feet), niid shortly afterwards a dielont, 
bnt mngnii^cont riew is npr>npd *nit of the Shimli VaHrj, with ihtt 
river ninding in an almost south ^v est oriy dir^elion through 
it, nnd, beynd, the muDntains of Yunnni*, sfivtHiing iv uhntt 
from this pi*int of view, would eemi In lie fmm north to 
ftoulh. thuUi^li vheu seen in profiU? from tiie vftlL^y below, Hm 
dlrrvtinn l«conn?H greatly modified, and lliere is fHfr reftBon ta 
brliPVi* that thft mountains one here sees na a rangir or ebaift 
bonmliog the river-valley, is in I'enh'ly no ehain. hot nimply 
tho edge or cBenrpniE:-ut nf a moiintJiin muss tlirottgh which tho 
rivttr Iwis foroeJ io^ vny and cut l'i>r ilHeU a valh^y, 

Tho point on the road to Palanngtii at y/UJob tho f^rcatcet 
nltitudo is rearhed i-ati st^urc-ely be eullcil a prvea, for Ihr tniok 
viiids obliquely over a rounded ridpe of gttntle gradieule oxx 
both sides, and ilsclf sloping; in the form ot a ^^ur towards tho 
souih. On thi* dlreet road, however, winch leads irc'iii Paitan 
in a more dne easterly dircctiorii the cnso is diQerGQt> for thti 
lino fif gr<?ftt.rBt alritndr! (there aUiul 5220 ftut) is [Huunl 
betwoen eummita of Be\em] hundred feet above the road, and 
when.' tho nsnent juid ih-wi^pit are sharply niarked as in tho t*a»o 
of t-ruRnJng n di^Iiiiet range. Xho two roads Join again a littJo 
below tbo ADuull Laknn nllnge of Nam Bong at a diatuice of 
abont 10 mile« from Paitan by way of PabimigtiT, and 1> rnil^ 
by Ui<* direct Itack, Un Ihe rtiiolr, the direct line is the ea«ie«t 
for the passnge of k»ad"d nnimuls oa veil ns tin* filirrtcc^, lor 
though tlie gradient bet^veeu Nam Bong and thi^ Posb i« aoffi- 



i 



tu H'eftifm Vunnatt. 



S05 



fttf^, 8ttll ii\o n>aA in fnirl/ «inooth, And llicm is gfMt] 
;-^'romid in unverul pltkcea, Tliu viiliigu of I^klauDgtn 
C0iitt9t4 only of Aome <^igut m tan Louses, and, thvugli liie 
reMldBTi<!tT of tlifr ruling; Ttnubuii ntid tSr" Homa ftfii* yuiinj^est 
lineal dcfiCt'udtint or tiL^i^^tipUTcntl, iL in rL^umrluibJc for ikjU^ilj; 
[ml liir- ln-viiii.y nf ifjk «i|iuuijii>- Tlt/t rn^ul [>(vlw4*on it and the 
jiiEictiuu iii^ur K»m Bi^ng j^, fitrlmps^ llio ri>ufi;liovt scclion of 
the wliole truver?ie, uiid jio clefliiitgrt lu^ luut with eztiF^iit ttuo 
or twi^ finiull |mt(?h@A coiitninitig gra%'^ nnd wliicli are ktioirii 
I)' tUe ruii^di biunlHK] po^odus tbat ara erected orrr tliir 
tumU of llie coDimon people, or the erjiinlly rough Jmitatiouar 
ikbo in o|>ca bamboo work, of Chmcst^ teiapluH qvct tho»c of the 

At about 1 mile beyond tlic jnnctJQa of thoao roDkdH tlie 
Leiiua vilbi^F of NauL Ka! h rpai^heJ, Mtuulc-d ciii the tup of 
ft rounded ]ull, and coDeletin;:; of nboiit forty houeee, the l&Ti;edt 
Kakhyrn village to W met with ou tlio ^awiuMy route. From 
PnlauD^tii aik eiteu^jre view is obtained northward towardi 
Ilotha nnd Mourm, while a croaA-roiLd lead* direct to tbe rormer 
ot thtiW? |jUces^ Hnd ia said to be travelled lu Ibiir marebti* by 
Kakhyens on foot. No trade, m far as my inforiDatioii f^oea. 
|*t3hr'ji by \h\n nuul (or lunrt? jjri)pi-rly jnny;li*-j3rit)i) iu nnlituiry 
times, lbou;:-h |>oAfiiMy> when otht'i' routes ere eloeod by disturb- 
fujccs, tliis ouo lUAv be availed of us n mcaoB of reaehiug the 
Irawady by a T«imiJ-about prooeis. Whether or n[>l a |"urtitm 
tif it IB the path followed by Major Siad'^ruV native surveyor on 
the return joiirtioy from Murtiir'n, >L iu impuKvlblr! tn uJU^rlAin 
ivitb certjibity from tho itinerary be has fun:^UIied, but po^iMv 
it may be, though be roiihi baidly hnw fijlloweil it 1^0 inr soutli 
lt9 Nam Kai, feeing that lio arrived jn Iht* plains of Btinnali by 
till* Punkaa (Pliun^Jiu) mute, Shortly alter paf^in^' by Nam 
Kai one or two small I.akuu vilkgen are met uiih, isJatt^d, ua 
it w*jr(?, in Lenna territory, after which no dwellini^ are seen 
till 6nier|;ing from the hifU on to the Hat jiluiu of ihe 8hiieli 
Valley at the «rna]] Shau vilhkgeof Pankham on the right bank 
of iJw? Kani'Wnn, Here the Chinese b(/ri]er i> erosst'd ; and 
about a mile furthor on, standing like an ii^Uud of tr^^es and 
gAnbiiiA in tJu' Mbirnvine bare plant, is tho village of Kutlung* 
Couffifttinfi of about thirty' tSImn housfe, a bamboo lij-jinng or 
mouafltery, and q Kayut m tbe liurmtae stjie. Coatjnuing to 
follow the road from here to Mnng-Mnu, tbe Nflm-Wnn h 
croaaed about a mile to tbe east^jird, at a point where it ilows 
in a giyt^fni noutberly direetion aj^roaa tiie pluin tovvanla tha 
8hneli, nnd in a atony tertuoupi bed. Tho averoge depth (in 
Februaiv) at the fiifil vtriA ubcmt 2 frjEitf ihi^ brr-<ulth ffome 
W yardjs and tho current about 1 mile an hour ; the bonka of 



206 



Ellis'^ l^rit lo tfte Valley of 



thd contox shore irerft Uiickly Gtrewirtl nith ttio Intnki ftnd 
bmnchefl uf lar^^ for^st-ltc'es ttoT;ght r.lowa by tlie thtj^s after 
the mftia, ftt which timo both th^ volnind and iho v©looitT of 
ihft rtrrjitn mnat bo increftsetl ia a Ireoipndoi:* pT'^poTliot), The 
diHtance from the tod to the point where the Nam-Wno 
emerged from the hilU near PnnkAtD^ wouUl bo nl>out -1 TiiiJc« hj 
the Atndiii^ of the ^Irt- »[ti ; nboie thin riTjer^iiii; |ioiiit T hEiu 
onlv aa CTji^ortnnitr "f sooint nboiU 5 milre of the Nam- Wan, 
ami h(^n: it furnied a ptiwerTuI moiinljiiu-lxiircnt Authmg ijvpt 
Kicks :ui<L shoob witH A rnpifl curreoi, &nil bounded on either 
bank by st^p hilU^nlpfl tir pre- ipi tern* cr/ig*. TImt thcro cm 
be no Dftvlgonon on the Upper Nam-Wiiii u obvif»oi ; ihew Is 
tbiso DO rofttl following tho coni'sc of ita ralloiy, oxocpt a stiHit 
tmrl; wnrti !iv l}tp Shan Mii^rm*'!! uT-nr Ihn wuti-r's fi]j^\ whu-b 
cnubl^u El jierHon on foot to make Wa yvm throu'ifh the TOL<ha and 

^"llDgle^ bat whi<;)i wouhl not bn prju^ticiiMn fnr aiiv luitit of 
mi^on. !P!»b of diSTereDt kinds appe&r to be pkutii'ul, iiad $% 
thit* se^cm of the year wild-fowl iljux ' ' 

Th« roail from Kuilmijp (o Sefat; (and onwardnj rnftv bn «if<l 
U* iVn'ide into t^o branches, or a loop, after poaatn^ llie Nam- 
Wnn, the fine Ifytding up the right b«uk of the Hhucli tn Wiing- 
Man and thonco atT«d (-> Scfoii, the oUier croMJug tho Shucli 
Ht Nmo-Katu. and conduct mi;; along tlio left bank l-ii the §ame 

Elace. Of theaetrto I take the latter to be the inosl frorjunntod 
y tnulr-r*i, but m poiiU of disfatico there la apparvully oo 
frppreciabld diPV<reni:e, ^ihile iis regards the oonditinn of the 
roods thoin.selv«i, 1 am unable to dm^v j^ comparison, not 
harllig followed th** first. hey*iml Mun;:^-Mftti, or the wrond 
beyond Nam Kam. Aa f ur od Miing-MuuT ho^^^rcr, biit littlo 
BfiTiiriog U: the name of romi exlsltt, there being in imM plm-en 
only a number of BmaH traeUs leading thronirh ih™ priddy-tiolds 
in out? gcncnd dirwtiui^ but broken oflT bcnr by ti swamp, then? 
by ft dileh^ in a ^^ay timt retider?i ttfiTelliag on this levd plain 
little easier than crcj^ing tho bills, 

Thi) diBlJUKv? fl'oin Kntlitirg to Miiug-TVTati is abont t2 miles, 
and several modorat^-siswd rilht^ea nte paoaed oii or iK^ar the 
road, mnstlv surroin^ilttd by some kmU of li^lit stofTkud*- tir low 
oartheo waft- Mung-Man iraelf is the capital of th<> Teanbwa- 
ahip.* and stands on open nsing ground at a distance of about a 

' MniLtf-UKii may bo rogntdod >t (ho fnotJorn rcpniODtntivij of tho Jtung- 

cf tti?» ikodail Bbtm idDgiAncDofnutif.fomiilHi] in xu. rrRA, TI}j< nit^ "f tlj*i rapEUl 
fifttib ''t'yd^T* mm wbkv'I •■nmii titiifu. but ivll mn |iralM^Uv viiihi<i a few 
oiJIri cJ ^4 EUkdMn HauC'Mau, And boro Hpnmtv num^ Cbiuit9<'riii>- tho 
Alaj«y □■Inn of ^lun u<!hi|ociDrct thcro ii, pcihapa, Uttto flLuifo tf truEog 
thu '»kl oa]>iit!T Uiough tlic Hitaa phronlcloi spprar to ho nrful ujough to 
Uvntifv Thn titf^HKiiitiTMilmiiilALr^ Bal on tlUi (mbjHi it wftl b* tmt to apiiak fD 




lU tfeatrrn Viimian. 



207 



mill* from tlu» tjt^i'n HgHt )mtik. It i* rn'kliH'lf'tl liy nn imper- 
fect briok wall bttween 600 and COO yonU nquAro, arjd ubout IB 
fwt bigh> without «ili]«>r the bnaliona or b-uilraftiTrEv usiml tn 
Ob>n«KO city waJIk, but b^kod bya lifrht oartKworlc ot'nl>out 10 
or II feet in L^i^bt. The ^es are foot b itumb^r, and utatid 
At <H>o)i onrdinnl point of tlio ocxnpaes; bnt other cpouiDgB 
occur^ ftt tntcrvikht, for mero want of »ectffti»arv n^j^ain*. ^o 
giJiw were lo be se^n upon tha wfllUf^icept oH njsted^^n- 
IpaU," or OhJnc^ owiTcI guiiN motanloci oror tho gdUw, 4nd, as 
Tar HA ounM bt^ tfinu, there were no fc>rlffii^tionH or (lererrfiive 
vrorkQ of fluy kind onteid*? the lovn, Tho biiiJdiijg9 within th^ 
wall nni infi^nitr bfiml>0(f-hiit^ without amui^cnKfut of any kind, 
and absolutely no suburbs exist, The pcipiilaiion mi|5ht be 
cslintatrd ftt about IfiOtI or !ti(HI pcTi^orLS nil. «c^pt a fc\/ of 
the oHlciats aud flLilrlien, HeiD^» local SbauB, ohanu-teriied, on 
the whole, by ft clcad-alivo, slip-i^hori appcanujoc. 

NMni-Kinn, nc-ar fh« iipiMwitK lnuilc ai the nvt^i"* mid *rf»m« 20 
tnileg lower dowc, ia the chii^f town of the BunueM Shan 
TmahwiMhip of th(t Namn iinmi^ forming mw of Htn Ihirty-nino 
mainae* or lowtiebJpd. of Th^iane^. Il » ralod by a Shan 
Tiaitovra, tbero befa^ no iJnrmoso officials oi" soldiers, nsocpt 
Shanfii, whij iuip<*ar lo be mere town*i«t>ple or vil!ftgor« fmm 
tho uet^libourhuod, called ia and armed ^tth rusty mittditoekfl. 
OM a f'hrrk on flirt Kitkhyi^iis who inhabit, Ibf? hills in thn 
fiisinity, or who wandt^r mlo (be plao^j on markol-dayd with 
produoo for nde, or bullocks for him. The town i» neither 
walled Tjor tbrtifi<^d in any vfAy, it an imperf^t biu&boo filoc^kudo 
oo tiie south and part of the west wdee ia excepted. Th© 
[iQpnlatton in somnwlint mnro iiiikihI than at, Vang-Maii, having 
a KT*atcr pTVfi^ortioD of ChiueBu and I'aloutiga. but the whole 
wmild pr(*bnhly not, nnmhpr morw ihun nbnnt. l.IlK) pprnona. 

Tho Shitdi Vwlh-y, m ibrm of n ic^xd plaiii, may bo snid, a^ 
far aA I mii nvtiire, lo have ile upper luiiiL only seme or 8 
mike aboTo tljo town of Mung-Muu, betsveen that phico and 
Lutiry-Ifsik, and iti lower limit, nenr Iha point where the rivtfr 
r&-eQters the hilk in »U cnursd to iIk- f^ouiH-west ; it would thtia 
mcftMuro 9omo ;tU miK-a in length, with n breadth vorTiii? 
between 4 and 12 udlea everywhert? Iielow Mi]u;^*Kuu, ihon^^h 
omiug grailijotly narrow alw^e thnt nlact*. Nearly tho 
An of ihiK f-sU'JiL iippE'rtni iu bt* ^*jtn\ antblH lantl. though in 
10 places there are swamjia and watery lioilowa that point 
to the occurri^nc^ of junndutiumB during tht? flood eeafloa of tho 
ShuoU ; Dievertbeleas, perbape oDo-bdf of the entire apeu» 
excluHire of tho rircr-bed, may bp roughly estimated to bo 



* Tlwiiia«obWDMlEaic«qii4iD»olafl«e«tauuus4<»>H^r«' 



so« 



EUAS'a Visitiothe Vaiky of l/te Shueiu 



tDder culUfaUou, rioe imd tobocco beiof; tbo staple produote, 
thimgh the poppjr M «J»j 1iirg«l)^ grown \n itJi [i^»pi*r nettsajm, 
uiiiib jiTouud many of tho vUlageft, and ei'iFtM.'ially iboae on the 
fliopea of tim Lilla oe tli^ Num-Ki&m side; loigu fritit-gankus 
ftHi met will), imd IiUUm of pinij-applo*. At \hu time of my ruut 
the poppy YioA &ot in scAHOn. 1 therefore saw octljing f>f Uie 
mllivaiinii i»f tt:iH iiih'ri'<(ting pUntj and oniild ohtiiiii ni> id* 
iunucitivD wurtli ivcurdii]^ irom Uio iiutivoa^ rcgnrdicg eittjcr it 
or ihe manu farturcd ilnig. TIji? latter w^ lii>wev<'i, itfDMirowl 
ulmrwt untiivly by thtf f^fmiie ihonisekt^s and tlie KukhyenSr 
Lut liUle fiLdiij^ Ltd way into Yuuuaii piupcr. It i» ased by tlio 
j^htuu*. un Ly tbo Chitieue, in n iliick, Ualf^s^jlid stat^^ without 
|)lantdi&4eal Hbrea, aod is sDioked lying ou tlie nde and in the 
ordiPary CliiHcAii ciph^m-pip. 'Dm \ovb^t slopw of tho hilW 
wi>ro |H>mted out as tlid laud best auitod fcf tbe f^ppy. 

Fntm A ]iTi_v8icAl iioiul uf view, tbn inoHt r^murkaMd featorei 
of tbU eection of tuo ccunso of the 8hti«li ie ita nllitudo nbovo 
the ttcOt Jitid rozisequct^Uv v( the great fall tbe river luuat 
bave ID ita cotrso, tr^waMa tho Irawady, thus proving, in tho 
aW-itco of an examtnulion or the river lUelf, ita entity incapa* 
biiiiy for navij^ntioD. For, takiug the ahitucSe of Nam-Ksfn, 
near' tho lowor end of tho vnUov, to bu SJfiUO" feet, and c»ti- 
tiiullii^ UiaL tit iu LMiillumjiiT wiLb lilt? IriiwjtUy (mugbly) at 
'SiiO foot.t ^o should havo a fall of '2ZO0 foot to be accciint«d 
for iwtliitJ lui upprctii/nittn dJAtnni^n iif Hi) mlli'K (nlluwing fur 
utDdirj^), or about liij feet per mile, ]n<jeeii,ibe fall per mi)o 
would probably be i^vm gvcaXcT than tbi^ for at tbo point 
wliere ibe Sbueli and J/jtwudy oonTergt* ih^ hUUt-oautry is 
eoEue ^ miJcs back from the latter rtTsr; the lower course of the 
former llierefore lloivs ihron^h a level, or nearly level, plaio for 
at K<aat 2U miles, whioh would leave it only 120 mJes in ivhicb 
to fall 2300 feoi;— a gradient of over lU feet in Iho mile. 



■ Kotfl m. 1 Or n»r1f t(\D fwt l«J»v Ithtmo. 

t It 11 fkiBilMn thftt thi* ftliucill tnnir bo nnviffabLr for largn WwLti nr iTtuU 
lllthl-<LniiiK^kt ulirtiMKni im IU tuuitc In Uld rrklnAiIutl'tig fl i^nrUuii urtliu jmr^ 

Pr, Wjllimjiiitf' TtiTdLijth Ilurmitli,' ^t^. LhOH, p, 171) writ-n un fiilLm*;— 

After maprxtib^ fhci mrxilU uf llic Hrrr ^krai iuc<n<l^hjC '^ ^"f ■ fvv Boke 
ihroui:!^ no imiikhkbrljxL incE, " Tbi^ piioplii hi tho villn^L' a^^recJ jri rltnribiaE 
lr« O5I1M0 PI ri-'TMlitiglj- tnfinoiiv "iwl II" ^hivnripl trftftd and ihtUow, Wa 
Tiitiiii^rnu* ■nn(]-t>ankL IlttwiTit tlir«i \md n>urdnyi bif ttoAt fmin IIa month the 
tiTC'i ilmikfi i^ilu Ifiv bEuiiuljLB, tLu h;fcAti>; icoroj; try Jstuiitlifi tu Liui ^liit'i muil^, 
fUil tLi« In^i to llu^rjuk, - , . 'i'liC' t:»at drnvrback l'> Ibo uiivii^liuii of me 
^livn^lo? *ivm* It h* lin tiunilii uml v^ii-lMtukji; buL lunfig Gondii t)nm DUiMibo 
n ooiiaMi'tnblc d^ptli rtr ttiilnr. HElmiULELK ^»nHlv fif liMivy lmj3r>Ti, «nd giTiaflkdli* 
Uoiln 11[nJ*>r^mft* fmm lb'' IJiUiii fnrr»lji. . . 

CrilljJiiffi Iu ' JoudJiiluf tilt' L^ijiil <.ii.-i»nii|ihb>TSocirlj,' T-*! sll- p. 4<) IpWifci 
■if tbiT f^bi"-li nw lUu LLiLJk;4:lnn:ii. ftuii niTelbut Icfi-Jc U lofcTim (3lii(i™ii U-rjlltirj, il 
TT«NVo« Llii^ Kanf-w^i'T; lUvL-T.mi^uuku^ i>rDKiab1y tUaNiua'Wuh, tbrrij|[h tbo JoCtn 
tttifhi itiilf tx) cs^Jvd Ibp Lungcbuok, fr DOHMia aflor iba tawo of U<jiraa, tor UkO 



I 




lit /f eftfcTA Vumtin, 



209 



Tlrou^liont ite upper raWvy in th<> Hlmn SfaUs Ihs ShQcJi 
flow*; ill a WKi*% but ^pnflrftllj- i^oll cicHiK'il, chinglv Intl. Jiiid 
vilh u fti-nrooly perceptible dope between tlio urpcr'^ud Jowcr 
cuds of lilt? vulJoj-: the atlitucw mbicii i liavo Ax&\, tlipn'fore, 
Tor the nej^hbourbood of Num-Kam (ur., SitUl> fur tUo river 
iUelO tuny be a»nmcd withonl tie probubility of any oongidcr- 
iibln rrmr to be lb*? gincni) nltituik^ rjf tlie wiiolo Of iu oouise 
tbruiL^h tho valley," At tliw fcrry witliiii f* mile of Iho (own of 
Nftm-Kdui llif? Im^jullli r>r thp riv^r vhk nbt^iit 100 jmrclv, tbn 
flT«rugo depth acFOM u^mo 4| feet, and tbf: £irfrroj;o mirtdco 
cuneut dUmt limile hii hour by eBtimatum. About Ti nr M 
ndJpg Iwlon tltifl |>oint, by thv trindiufi^a of the jtlniuu, it is 
joined bytho Naoi-Wim iti a clerui-cut. trblique, confluence, 
i)f?Hrlf oppoilU* llift viUugo of I.ontr-k'on^.t Hy a roiiuh e«ti- 
mato it iTould 8oo(n timt the NaiD-Wtiii i^ ec^iuvl in volume to 
about (iiii>third ^t' th<- Shii^li. nnd the v(?1otJty in nwii almut 
tiic MJimi?, via., mth«r oier 1 *r<^0);rnphicnl iniie an hour at tbia 
scasuu. Tlic jH^int uf coiifliienr? i* oidv about a mik above \\in 
i'ntrwiK*^ of ibo rivur into tlio bills wbkb ktt(jr ia iu itaelf a 
n^marltiiblc feature, fuc a chain of UilK ot lon^ epur taiLn^ off 
t^raardK tliu rant from Ode i;f the jmraUrl rrom ranges uf the 
Kakhycn maas, )ea\€S a «i»ondary vallrv between ilaeJf aod 
the rotitJiLiitttLoii of the inoiint«in» which form tb<f Irfl AiUti of 
,lb« main valley timber up. Ttio rivor cpnriirH to Uftvt- unao- 
OCnmtaUy uiltatxl lukiu^ thiu Hueouduiy yalk-y, Lu the f^inih of 
tlie ^lur, aud to bnro niado lU way aloii^* tbo nortlK rn Aide of 
it fa about ^ uikti; il tlitrii nuddtutlv tabvA a turn to the south 
and breahft through tho billft in n deep, iiKrrnw gi^rg*^ "i* dr^Hle, 
On one occaeion 1 prooc^oded atoiig iho ri;cht bank of the livet 
front thn Ximi-Wnn L'onfluti^ici^ t*.* ]iiHj:*.'ot ihij^; gvirgit, nnd it waa 
Lt tliut tljo influence ol the Nonj-Wuu on the SliuoH was 
cue of vc-lix-ily eatirely, Uie volumtf bein^ by no means in- 
cTCflsed lUUr junotion, Jf>r ibe hrpndt)i below wu« oven U*fci than 
abovo tho ooudueuc&. und there waa LO appearaoco of increased 
d«plh. At the corge itself this waa even moro oonspictiouft, 
the breadth of Uiq etroani there being narrowed to eomo 5(3 
yards, and, judging from tho lay of the rockt^ no great dupth. 
On the otliei- hand, the vrlonity heTo v/as greatly increudud, and 
muBt bavi? be€u at least 4 gp«gnipbifal miles an hooi at thi*, 

UMm U cttllod by ttu OhlT>«iie t^ng-Choen. " Bot«««n IbotO twtt tlum.'* hM 
AiuiliiiiiiMi^ " Ehi^min A Knift!] ■Ub-mUiNlMHnw,fiahl)ilblriii:tTmiiyniU«nAtvaviu]D^ 
ihn ]inpiiWlLin uf wtii^^h Im whiU; ■ip'ii.-iihiiml," R*h h1i*i KIhiituLIi. 'M^m. 
rvlftlik tk TA^Jc' T(J. UL p. :!»&. 

* Ou tbe MCOopftnriiv; uiJki> MuTifj: Mau la markc^l 3000 ItMi, but ih* toira 
stuhbun riti^ gnnttk^ it^iwvib uf li u^Llo from ibu river. 

t Fmtniblj t!j4 Liii>E-Mftn^iJAa uf P'Aiivf[]a*» taaji; aaanUtaot wrilUfa llui- 

VOU XLVr. 1! 



310 



ELL&fi'i Vint U> the VaiUy tfth$ SkEfii, 




lowator, so4kiBon. On proofing down vinftai, or <m t^ 
lirooching the rirer acro« the level coxtntry on its rigbt, h 13 
not utJtJ] on^ jirrivu within half % m'ilv cf the Iiilb iBnt i 

C'ble to »ee bow tiie river fiowa^ fiir one would neror eiiai 
the np[ie8rAiirR of th» hills tlrnt it mith) fjmnk pfrpri 
diculikrlv tlirouj^ thorn, A6 i& acHUolly tho eaeo. A ej 
vii1agi> tattd clc&rifig suuds jiii^- aI th^ foot i~»f tlt<^ bilU at 
point where the Shueli bn>ak< in, amj a Jtniull fttrcftin imtxi 
nc«twttM. culled t^e Moui, jobs the former at the 8UD16 flpoU 

lifilglit above tlie >vat<^r« bnt this appear ti^ logo OaeU m tbfl^^ 
jirngl*.** ftt H BhoH. (iistjiMT*- within the gnrgfL T f*}!loT<»i*d It iw^^ 
far as I wiw ablo, and my Wt viow of the elsewhcjo placid 
Shueli wn^ ttmt vf a dasf ijjg roek-liouiid toriTDt, drinng ltd 
way down thr*.^u^h the moimTdirui in n maiti)t<r that *eu finally ^^ 
at re&t any quoblion a« to it« tmTJgalriiJtr. ^H 

Tho s?enery beltjw ili« fMitmnci^ of thfi rirfrr into tliR hill* ^^^ 
romarl^bly wild, aud L am icifurmed that it oontinuce to flow 
through Eumwl [jiiirthAbitf^d hil!-(TQrts, until arnrinc; on tho 
]>kin of lhi> Jrawudy. Tl]6 f&lld und rapitda alon^' tht« leotion 
ara de^ribedhy thv Kakhyena aft tjetJuiriEj^atiDt^^vah of ererr 
5 niiloff, tvhilif abotu <jiii> thiy'it jotinu^y bi^lcw whi^nt I obtaliMu 
nir lajit view, a sheer wat^iriall of t'r^"t iinj*lit is spolcea ot 
calW T&l-pi-hft]/ whi**h in dirti-^ult f»f jvcf*"!*)! from any dlrw!- 
tion on account of the ruf-^od iiatufti of fb<i (vsunlry aroiiind it* 

Thv Mo^ (wjuac JO yard* bixwul and n couple of foot ilflftp) 
iaof no farther iQt^rci4t tlian thai it furm» for noma fow mitM <k 
ita i-uurae tliL^ bonier between Bunneso and Ohinese-goTeilLed 
t«rrit(>ry {«>'o Mup). The divtuiif^ up ili<t ^toiui to wlifcli tio 
bord" r here tatcndQ 1 have not been able to ascertain esMiHf, httt 
it is, ron^lily Kpcjikiii};, l/> tbi^ iminl ^hrm tlv* Htr^nm mwrgM 
fjcm the Hakhrcn liilU, lixxd coufio^nicEily beyond which, to* 
wards the vmU the Chinew Bban popidat.ion doo§ not extend; 
for fhf\ btirdi>r ^c^nerally on tha Chiiit*»e nidi? ci the ShwiU mav 
h& said to flkirt the foot of the Kahhyeti hilH aud to iDcltido 
all the Shun jinpuhitiouHf but noni? of tho Kiikliynn*, tlk«ao lattor 
being cnliivly mdi?i>endeat of both the Cbineoe and Burtikeao 
Gove rnm Pin t;^-t 

vtfj lce4iu« ihvj *rv> urtthlt la uocmd lli^ni. I nufl qutm aUit lo oblwLu aay 
tmmtXt of lh« h^r^lit flf tb« Ul moT* ntftrly titan tbnl it VAi "^ btghu llj^ia tlio 
hl^bWl tmta NAin-T<jini,"An r«t1rn«itr that 1 uonld iint TrfOtnts to lnrn letofkat. 
T1jr> ilJfUuuUv of iHdj E ilo not IhiIEovd In: II 4U prolnitl)' lutvnUd hr my 
inlorpnili^i bo^iviiAv Ua luapwtcJ, i'tutu uxy iuqui'irj, ItJBt I wmljoi lo HiHl lli# 

tan* 

t Od aJI map* tlmt t nm uttiiwiriti'^i wUii tJu' Oiia^Jad «:iil Ilrimi««o tavTfkfin 
an ihcwn u <>niit''nainnui, niict tfkr Knkhjri'nn nm pnniimM] tn hr> tuhnrt to 
dthnr ono or the albr«, Whaion-f uut> bo Ux oue od tiw lino <jt Uie Tapeatf 




lA ffettiim y»aauiiu 



Sit 



the border nxf he vWr<] nluMt aa a BAtnTAlonp on 
Hb ChmBifl iid» M Iwt^ Ia- itm tonpio of Urribory fonnitl by 
th9 Uuig-Itfau TauubAwshIp, jiitUujf out U> tlie imfttirard &om 
the geaemi Ohinpci? biue, is boiinilcnr on <m<T ride by thft Shooli 
Aod MoBst rircni, imd riQ the other by the hilU; whild thd raoos 
jifi* sharply divided on Hie latter ^He tiy thfl iMtnp demnn'ntimi, 
into tKiF vjilU^y'd^cjlUn^, A^icnlturul 8hunrt, und tht? Kukhvcn 
hiil-lnbttt; iiiis viUu^i^H iff ^nllii^r, i>a jta own hidi^. ijil^ELOin^ 
fflom up to this uatiiml botttflr, but in no cose, lliat J lun itwjkrA 

Th^ Kftkhjena in this border re^bn are cl@<arly tho dominant 
nwc, nnd i^omi; mid po in the fSliao (crritory iw they pIcftM, attcntl- 
ing theniarkeU hoili&MinjyerflatidaelWt^uikd rreqtienlly lilring 
the Stuns a* builock-ririvcrf, or potton for tlinir prndnco ; while 
on tJie utUcT lijuid, tbft Slmur* never \tuliirt? uiiiaijg llie hills 
ofth^ir neigbboufa without nn oflcort of Kftkhy^iw. g)>noruUy 
procured Ihroutrh tlic hf^wl fif i protrrtrrd viUap;- Beyond tJjrt 
uot of Sb&iifi b^inj^ ISuddhi^s. iind biiving a nritteQ Jnnguage 
of their o^im ithe Tai). tti^M; wouU *pt>u4iT to pot^uaa qg greet 
taperiaritv Lif miiLuriul dvilitflLtiuii over ilie Kaklivens, In their 
*m^ thoir buiJdin^ their domoet.ic mnnnorM an<L cnetoinfi, thoy 
liHTif liKhf orniiuiIvjLiiULi/r; Hiid Uioux:bl}icirii|^ii-itUimi m more 
ostec^ive on account of the position tbey 0[?ocup7 on th^ plaim, 
otiU the Jiolcliyop* cnitimtc connidembly ibr tbc^ir Iitnitf^d mim* 
faon, and I imagine would equal the ^nans in this respecl did 
the contiguratioa of their country admit o* it. Hut in btnvory, 
4;oiiTtu(}', lujMpiulity. iLud probabfy'also honraty, tbi* Kakhyeua 
are tkr in advAuco of the bimns of tlio Khuoli Valley. 

The ShuN (pOviui, (4n far ns 1 rutyr thrill, btriiig mere oollectfoni 
of bumboo i.mbiDd, without stroet? and without thops, oannot be 
regarded a^* cTcn tho loral centres of ttttd<% for tWy nrc only 
rvJiorbid to by the inbfibii^nlH of ihfi sLirr^nndlug conntry for 
the purpose of supplying their want* or diHptwinc of thcir'pTO- 
duco, on tvrry Jl/m da^ wlieii n iiLirkt-l i.i bald lln^r'* : at titbor 
timet they wear a balf-doeerled uppenrtmco. Thie fiyetem of 
fire-dayn' mjirki^fN bowi^rcr, is ni^t irctifinod to thi? towns, for 
tiiey lire frequently held at or in iha vicinity cf small harnlot* 
or near a croos-road. 



BlTDF, orrtMnty ill ihfl mgiidi I Ii4?ir vjnilnil Lb«y «» tmlljvly Ludi^pcudimt uf 
boUi OOD *iLd tW oUkKt. Kut only dn tbcy pAj on tribute nt tax«. bat do 
Chiocae or Dunarv atrial Mtk votoir thcMr hiHi *hh«Ut porkitlilj oblalobig 
their MTiflUan wl •aJVMwndUFt; anij wDh^O'lhM IWrnnoHOl ta atlHnpl to Ibvj 
aA Iropvi CF n]tfnr« a dnonv ti( niiy klmU xV-r-j rantd mlj taevad allDr fffl^ 
conquarlna tbn uIIh* eoriL-uniixi- Tu tin- ntirtli 'il' Ujh Tapvof I Iwlltiva iho Icml 
lribvan*«ciDa11jr iiiih^iirxiilqiil, lEiuu^li i-n tlipi lint- i^f ttml rirs— Uit mun nul 
bctirOflA Tcik>*r uid Mnjiwyiiii — intrli^iiri, "pnmi, ^ud cthirr iofluvotiot^ tto^y Ukt* 




eDmawbat imd«nniMd Uii* ludipaadui^t caiiJiLiim. 



Tt'L 




218 Elias's llsii to the Vailtij of t/te Shueli^ 

In tbo Mung-Mau THanbv&ahi]> bolov tho torra of Uung"] 
Mnii, there ar« four hucIi lo(^aliti€«* beuiles thd town iiaelS^ and! 
m the NaiA-Kftin TsDuhwAfJiip thc'TO ^LTo aUofoart in odditioo 
tlie I'liief town. 

1 had opportunities of ^itn^sintr t\^ of tho6& nwrk^tt^ one 
ivt Nnun^to, near thf) rilln^^r of Man-ai oa tHr: Mang-Man, or 
Chln»34> sideof thn liver, on ih^ 14th cf February; ftud the other 
at Nani-Kam on the ^Oth of rcbnmry, lo both cojCd a fair^J 
gaili^r-iiig of pe^jple liail been brought togE^Oier, tlie ^reat biitle^H 
of tbom boinc; Iocil) ^bans, thmi^b thero wa^ a)£0 it coauideii»Ua^| 
nambi^T of Kalcbyen^ nm\ lliW OUineHr,; T!ia objncibi far mJ«^| 
were obieflv eSitflblee anti ch<»winf^-8tiifFep a IJltl© ttalive ololb-^^ 
and a few Eogrlish pieiv^otwl,'". mkIi aa red cambric, bloc drills, 
grey T-clctb. arni rnuslih; thw cotton (not ginced), brought 
down bv tbo Knkbycn women, and a bttio cotton-yarD spun by 
ihtiAe industriond people with a harnl spindk^ aud chiefly ilk 
tbov wftik along carrying thoir loatla, NaliToj-Town tobacco 
nii<} ^vi iott ard altK^ to bu hcktd in some quunlitleit ; and Lixcr- 
pool flalt, as wM aa the so-ciilidd Pe^ salt, ivbkb latter I 
believe to be acft-mlt, njansifacturrd on the coast, ncnr Eon* 
goou. A few fruil4, snoh as plan ta ins, oranges, pin«-nppl««, uid 
Srfod pcraimmona, were espoaed here and thcr>?; vbilat Ml 
(ubiffiy flult), and fieali pirk and l>eef§ nl>out ftnnpl(!te ihn lUU 

It wna ]mjn>Bajblf* t^ ontam aatinfoclory lists of pricce, owin^ 
to the sus|itoion atid rrttcence of tLo p^ipl^r. At Nam-Ram, 
^fipocially. tho stall-k^^pers would bave notfaing lo say to uii^ or 
wonid mention absurd rilofl|| whrn twkcd,with a view to getting 

• Mm Viidfl: HaUtoc; NounBto (Mm Al); Uaa-panf; Cut alh (Mmg-HtaX ■ 

I It i>i [K-iiHibti' HdiMi L^f tliAfn laiu-j limy ha\p htrni Lii^«^ ^H 

4 Tn ncTirK nrjiry 8li4n villji)c*> heh U' uiriHjml h few fiatllfn of Fbl&DD^ «lMI^^| 

|ji IfiL-Av ]<iLri4 ATv ^'iiL [kl BiMiJIiJ^lfl. ^nil it la ILjwp vtio kill niul brfnc ta ^^IV^H 

rvti jiP, nnl oal; on l»«f Hid jxvk DD|jn>oafnhlc, hat olto t<>wl* and anb agj^ ^ 
1h»i])flj tlin foqli nbaonil. 

Tli(] FiiUuu/n. Ijif4i:vcr, Id ihtit o«u Ofotn^ uf puimtiLlim, nvih M 0i» 
T^iiiii^l'juiL 4l[«lm-l. uiT) jHiitii^ulikily futi: HuJdUibiL but UjnfO dvoUlUf aim^ 
tba CUiutir AiiJ <'Jijij(w-' l^lukni bavu bccumu ajrru|>t, and faroga BUOy of tba^ 
(UKgf t of itnvt IfuddUmU- TlilGd> 

Q I pirrtn lii>iik'riiiuliTi .. .. „ .. ^. ^. .. ., .. I 

] „ nslcunibrtc .l ., ■■ fl 

I „ louEolotb .. -t .. •■ tt *. ., .. ,. .. 9 
I „ Kb^hdlk cupct .» ,. .. .. ,, ., .. S 

I „ lluudrill 7lo1> 

J riquah>(or width) wDoJIoD doth -. .* ,. ,• .- .. S 

1 ^bn cULii-* , ,, ft 

\ „ duniLcaLm ii ,1 ., •> .- 

I ^ DobncjEB ^- „ .< •• .. >, ■ G 

I » «nimtidA.. ,1 .. .. 5 ' 

100 „ iklttytLlIbaiDO) .. 10 

(Tho tli^lul 1r niiiAll; racknnrO Id U^a rikgirmH At Rp. 1 12 an.) 




in Ifatffru IVin/iA. 



Ha 




what Ihf y ilocmod ilaDgeiuus GUstoni«r& At Noung-to, 
vi^r, we crania U[x>n thufio nininbla pooplo eo niddooly, tUut 
l&ai some few nnoes >fere obtaiu«c], tw given iu ik 212« und 
tiloy will prDlmlily ftpply equally to all the marR^U of iho 
]kfiiglibouruood« but mtiat not bt n:Iii:d upon m cntiroiy correct. 
A ^tr^nt flt'al of the busineu in ciio uve-day DurketA ie cort- 
'ut'tod by buit^, and c very tbing —sot Jd oDd Jiqaidt tlc4id and 
*"fe — U buuf^Ui and »<old by wHij^il ur by tbn fiiH^^ tUt* llur- 
wc-tght)f ojilv boio^ ID USE*. Tb^re u abeoLutely do coin 
It Uiou^b iloubttcsii kjtb Kiiglinb urul JJurntRtii; rnjm^Fi 
voold pu3 by wGi^bt and at a discouQt on svce?. otberuiAo itll 
tndc* not bfljtor, tf carried fm by incaus of Obiaesc (or blotk). 
aJrer ve'igtietl uLt'ordJug Ur Bijz-rne^ cuAU>m in tm and 

TLt? nbf(C-niTft uf Hbop and of nurrf^m^y in utiy mi^Lal itnliuiteH 
clttmsy, nidim^ntATy way of carrying od trade, and arp;iiee 
fgr tbo C4}iamcrcial apiiit of the Shans. They nrc cer- 
y in'luBtriuuji^ aa p^t>iuct^^a, but tbt>y are praipitij;. poail- 
XLOUAnndiiot pnrticiiiarly bune^t; acombmatLonof quntitictf 
that beloDK ntlbrr Ui j>(*itv ti-wb' lh>in U\ i-xu-nsivr <r<>i[ii]it«n^6. 
it wouJa aeom that all ttie trudo botwoon itiirma nxid tha 
iWaubwojibipii pf Njui-Kam, Mi^iig-Maii, Kntau, MaiiLglcwau, Ai\, 
b carried on by tHd Sawuddy rout(>, and that tlid auimah used, 
if the Yenttire ia a large ond. are bullocks; or if a small one, 
luually pouiua, lb« bitter i^pocinlly, if ibe traders or carrioid 
bdong to the- villfigOH near the western end of the Shuoli 
VaJloy, for tlieru oonHidcrable numbcirx nf pomPS uxe retirt^d. 
Tbori> aro no diitiert, eithfjr inwards or outwards, for thy trade to 
Burma, but cortaii Uitls wi3 ptuil to tho Lotina 'IWubwAs yyu thr 
noaeagfl through th(j liills. TIi^ko aru uluioat always levied in 
kind, and tbvy ap^>irar tu r^*;ard tialt aa tbo standard upon 
vrhit-h M piLvment^ Are r^ckon^iil : Ulu«, on inquiring tbe ratea 

IjreTailing, ono ie aimply told that " lUO loads of salt pay one 
ood 1o tIia Li-niinH ns tmii«it ibity, anil evt«rytliiug eUi? in 
prciHirlicjii ; " :i(>lbut in foot about 1 per conl may bo eetimatdd 
us uitf nnii^uiit \}{ LraiHit-ilueft levied W the Kaknyenfi, Irttwi.^^n 
Sftwud'lv and tho ShuMi Tsanbwaabijis. Thoa^ duej are oc- 
CUAtunnlly paid by upward>bouud cnrdvann* at the prctectod 
TilUcd of ManMy, at tiio foot of tbe bills, but moro frequenliy 
at Wuiabbujn, the chief (Palanngtu) Tsanbu-a taking no part in 
the colleotlou of tolla for the refleon that hia villngr in not uii 
tbe main road. All do^ni wani- bound canivans pay ot Wurab- 
Ijuul For the Xrmh witb f'liina — vj/„, iil tbe citber t^ud of 
Talloy— the Mung-^Man Taaobwo, i was informod,* ha« a 



* Vot on Tory ^wd uDthorUy. 



au 



BUAflTj VlsU to iha Vaiir^ ttfth^ Shiulif 



cufftom-boQw vhere duoe are loried to ft rery light ftiuooat 
at no fh^tvl mtPK 

Tbotajcoa )iaid bji^e inhultitiintfl of tbe TfeaulmasliiiiB ftTO 
ftinnivl by tho hesd of eac^h villace ; ifi. tbn Tmiihwn mwj ww * 
A yearly MUm, nuppoHfd to bo boir^on thi> amount of luad imd«r 
cnltivfitiou, auG lur iIiIh huui ilie villa^L^ hf^-mui Ia respoB* 
tiblo ; ht again collects a €xerl antLiinl sum from each bouae or 
fomiljt according to tbepiui^ortimionmidbdoitjinir toil;llilia 
tlk«i rat© «'hi4rli indmclcale Lave lo pjty vattM with tbo varyiitt- 
am> of tho viilfLg^f, rtnd tlio icndiTtLcj' i» fir tbc inkabatanta m 
small TiUH£:i-!H ta eniigr^t^ to tlic< larger cd^ if goorl laiid is to 
bcbadf and ^hare in thclizod ycArJy amount. At Kutlung, Utr 
idfituice. tbe TtiaabwnM' m^^Msmeut is SOOia^U uf HiUer;pa- 
annum, and there are asually aboot thirty famili^a: ifw family 
rt aioTp*, llioac wb<» rf^main hftvi? to i«*y u greater prgjiortigQ ; if 
others ccme. tbdr burttell becooefi ti;*hleT'.* U ifi taJd tlhat 
Kutlting u an arcrag[^ example of iht> nll^i^e of tbo £lmoli 
TAtubwa^liijiif. uiirl if thiM i<« tlit* rtiA.\ the incidence of ULxaliun 
ja intKcicntky hi^li; for aaBuminp', on the avcra^, that in aedt 
fiituiiy Xhvw. rtrtt tbn^it Hrlf'«ti|]|K>rtin^ mi-iiilHTrK, th« ytsrljr 
amount paid by eacb (tick. S',), roaches rupoee 5,13 am. (axcln- 
iiTD of cnildi^n). taking the tickal, a« it^ mnally dovtc in tbc#» 
pam, lo be worth rupeoa 1.12 cin, Th«re uDpearlobe do otber 
mt9 direct or indiroct, levied cither by tbo Taanbwaa or Ibe 
t'hfne^v nikvrmmcnl, tlumgh I Mjrvtf M^m^ vt-ry iiiKi^^rrrillcaut 
paymonta (in [^loduco). ore mad{> to the liaUbyens by tho 
Tillrigf« which «njoy thpir pmUvtion, u in tiio oaw of Ui« 
Burmese viUa^^^ on* the othor tdde cf the rikog«e. 



I 

i 



NOTTE I, 

'ill* niiwl narthurly of U'« rc»uti«hlK^vo r«rarK>it ittara tkvo ijt uaiabv* 
tbougli boi hlLiu imxl ni \Ua it^-tttiti liny, it J4 iniuibltT iliitt tu the i»i 
tlmc^ ra»o of th*Tii »l Iwist ntuj huve b-rji A (oiiiHiun hl^li r«*d hpitpraa 
TuDTum and the l;m-Lbly, nud ctTUiinl^ l^ir ahurtnt trb\cnft Intm MomJea 
and tlie ut^i^blvuibouil, to pixulkaititv iintikEitbu un ihtr JnwiiUjr. By viibsr 
tJw iliMtaut^ (H j>-ifij[i»Dil by irrJiitATv trnvdlotir vii fuuLy lu Aluut ftjji d>y«iura 

Oa tba Dwre Kiuthcily of tbc two, tho tnpf'lltni uUlb? (he lower poetluu of 
d lolt bibubiry of tbf IraKadj^altc^ ibv XmuifmUt, a Amoll nttcum f»IUag 
Into Iho snM clfirT il ^i'jU diHtutc* abora Tab* 

* Of runrw wllhiii urtiln limits onlj: fi>r If n Tll[ogfl imiraiiei K^'^J ^^ 
pi|iii1ktlanr lUa TauIiwh iaon Iwortnitn %wt^ of Iba Tftft, and tnlM* hia 

mpaL 




Ill If^ftern Knnua. 



2LS 



r* jjiwb Run UondMQ to • t^vrn <»ll«d TvOiMiii » .„^ ^, 3. 

From Ti^hitnfti tr>SEann>4JliATUl .. .. ,. .. ,. «, 8 
Fnun a^ftou^btnEl to f lllnga on ^»mtbaboi 1 

T 

Horn boats <fiii be ptoouttd \o doaocod l^o NnmthAbot i> ll'jv Iivm'lj. 
By tiiDiaorD n^thcrly of the h^o nods tbc Itincrory givcQ laufoU^^vi: — 

Monii<n tj> Kti-Yiuig „ ., ., ,. .. 1 
Ku-Yuil^ tU U- CbiulJg .. t, ,w wr V S 

U. Clilnna lo KMon „' ,., „ ,^ „ „ .% «■' 1 

Btdob to Knmptl S 

Kunptl to tho Ijmiio villii^ 4tfi tmvndjr 0| 

Si<Joa u, tho Imnoi^ tWo li^ Iwwtror, • ihcrt tnek vbvoti r«qiuru 

UWayi to tmvcTH, but to wJiat prgciM Mint it l(md« I hftvo&O 

Ali'in, S\-^Hh"T Edi-i.< I .my but ootiinujctor? Infbrmalioii (MViiki|^ UiA 

[dALQ cXUndf, CT of tll4 EUktUTQ ^f ttu hiU-lrnct l^c^tiud. 
^ Ui>tlicc«fon>ftbao«tiiD|<«nbl« bo tAy w}wtii4.-f cubcr can be tho ttnibi on 
whidi lInjwFcli>dMorib«i tlio jZtmi <]v«:?nt <*f '2\ cU^^ rMf«, iMdioz to tbs 
farpMU of Mivn ; bat OiW of th«Tu w/trilJ »rUmly Hfi^Jtar to WiDt to Uiil TO»tl 
trayellfil bv Iho 20^000 lo 30,000 fiigilivKfc iVom Yuiin4a'fLM> to Arft In tti* 
Tttur 16b? CM rooabooed m Vol. G of ' Ac^d. Kc^o <!«« Sdonct^,' ITSti, uul 
Id Tc1#V 'Mireo Folo/ ii. p. 73, Ut ed-> 
^K ThtflrUiM^nry gWc«: — 

^^B Piont YuTig-Chjuiic toMomkn » 4 

^H* Frow Mumlcu to n tlibso wlicre they tftnWkcd (vt Ava ., S 

Hi 

f^^^Emtnly cni' dny leM oo iho hat Cll^ than oUhv of tba nbnvQ JttiMmrifiB. 
1ml ciLlJ t^titiJ? ftvijblfj in ihu tlm*, Aovth ■ooMvlut out uf pp^ponion with 
foitr ilnvK fnvit Yiiti4E''lbkii|; tu Uoratefi ■« ItJi] down oo th« Ua[<; 

TH-cTLiiii'4t [Ra^^pnt TnArktftr" iii^h u VtAa diicr^hM; hiii to thornvi 
nton othi*r i;ivnt inorkjitu tm ihn Unpens nniS 54hnc1f ivmtai, tfaU will Imrdly 
hrlp in L^onni^c't. IE with [VJo^i roiit^i^ 

iLciblnvon (* Dtw-rkplirr Acd, oT Anuiu,' Idil, [i. £47), ihfulIodi • tvaia 1d 
tlih nd^botiTbiKHl Kt«rtin:£ (nmi m |ilir« i^IIulI Kntmnow ou ibo Innvd/r 
mm] nhn ivvhaUy in ibfl Nonitbiibul Ijnr, 



Nots 11. 

A solo on th« EnkbyoD, of Sint^po nKw, in i pmor&l wo*c voiLtd ooovpy 
tpuioh t^dXy nnd bo te beyoEi>r tbi> «i»pt of thu ibort paper ; J propuic, 
only to ultocw brot^ at wbal ia known of th^ir origio^ or wiily 

la &10 ab«ocG« of A wntton langmga tt ta Kt all timn oxoeAdiBgly dUtobli 



31G 



EuAfCt lint to tike I W^ of th Shw^h 



U> obEala tnutwDTthy cv <yon (ontiiiUint nocoui^ti of Mvogc tnha, but turntr- 
iktlvt nroml attufijplii hMTo bcon mni? b^ Ko^iih intTclUn, «Dd Qifiagh 
itho rMalU differ very coDridanblf tnJn- m, iiLiH a ^;«ncnl otitlloA OT *m>- 
Tncat r«priliB£ Ibo diwviit of tb^ nuv niaaiiu ; oiid thj*, I boUvm, 1 daw 
tlui mtflDM of 0Oii£nQuig o.iv\ i-Li^htly QiLoncJLn^. 

Tho onlj two KilirvLy ori^iimj iicccunU t^uiL i nni >«qiuti]led wlih up 
rcflpecUFaW oF Major ^, K, Htnofcy,* who vlitied llw Singpni In IRST, 
or CiptAin Jchii Itryuu Kankillo, vbov vxpJomtioiu Ninons thn ir^bv 
orlng on I'jipor Atmin «xionlod approKMnar^ly from 1825 lo fS2}< ;t l^^ 
nvcflBril/ |jn#(, (iml u totb rtrer chigflr ick ihn hlnffpoA proper, or tli«e 
occupying Xha tia[M of Ibo l^t-koj ruts* iwi.I Ifja right <iliio of tht Inwitfjf 
Vftlll•3^ ibore MagRlini^ ?oni|oriitlTir]y btUe tLgbt m Ihrown on tlio niuru 
•DUUivni clniiH, iinnt«nm« known u the KAkooi, uid wbOM bOQMi vo 
ohMlf lifijHn*! till? K'ft bunk <if ibc cfcBt rivpr. 

It JJi tlinui lrtMi*r rriAinly ubo an known 10 tha BiimiAM^ and iiVbo hnvd Imtx 
lumoi by t.lu>Tfj Kiikliyi<nii ; In all p!n>h*billly tbny ftro looknl upcu na lUi 
bft^of Tw» by tbHr njirs nortltCTTi IffPthron, ibn »lngp™proper,bul *liilU«y 
uu in uu VAJ BUbjoct Ut iUa LalUr, or even onproMid b/ Ibraiii wLilv tkuir 
]iui|^iil(;t% iiiiBtcinLs and iruihiionf ore m<<]itiiiT]y ihn tauani nint a* rrcaj^ 
dvLLimlJfjTi, (ino hTivi^iufj wmiM probably l« about on a pv villi the oLbcr. 

The Kjikbyinw (fur mucb it wJU bn iiiovl coavonlcul to nil tbv Kikoov) 
bvnidns buiiLK ^iilni&rMlci] lulo itiiniprotiA oImos or Mub-tilbca, %n KnnolLioce 
rou^ily BpokcQ of u Kiikuu-KajiAnts, or iip|<^ iDd lovur KAkhp7iu (rnuu 
Ka^ vi»t"C, l\ou« UL'pff, iLiiil rimri =: lawer), lliou^ili ibii rliriAiou idjuI^w DO 
difltiiictiuu itj lliu bli^J'idiilkiiLsbip vr llu cluun, but j»vri<ljr a itBJiufU dcAC- 
lUtloit lit tbfl injvlliviJi llu'y rpBpwuvi'ly wixn^iy witb niitJiiU lo llio Imr&dj. 
The liiTiiiiu^-Iint Jn ^cfivnilly ijj<liukl4ul, ibi^ktL voiuovhAE tii^pIj, u m 
Kyonkdwtji. or ibir^ JL^filr vf ihc Inwaiij ; but ihU )i of littlo itoporUvat 
u incME ^ the Knkbj'on claDs change lb«tr potttiotJi carmidemblT id too eOQifO 
of ftCvi^oraLiurj vt two— ttiri icuiiuucy bntUK to prsM tuwonb tfio «oulb. At 
the )iircHat day %[\ lltc Knunoi. ^n lu^rr K»kljyuuwP«^nttO thooortbM IKdr 
origmftl liahlUL i uilI I mu iTt'iibLj' iuri>riaDd Lhat at Jio tiCLo of ibo F|r««cot 
XlDf; of BurmiL^ji occwiuu t^i llii? Lkronc no KakliTvjui ciidtod inUiiu th« 
Qorainmcat of Moniict; w^kUt nt tho pmoriC day Inrgo nuiobcfv orv fto t« 
fmiKl Ihvni Aod at Dth«T pUcc« MiUb of thu Bocond dc^Jc of lL« Ii«v*d7< 
^iVzAl^Oftpfwar U> luiErtile HOHwhAt in a vrr^licrly direction, but in ft nufior 
dflgfVo uboOK tlio Kjutiiurp c>hn^ hi leut ; though Ainoaf; thi SLnepoa praper* 
on tho ap|iar Kydo^wtu, &i^, a dr^^dcd VMUrly teiKUuoy wv obwrTod by 
bptb 0«4)tiJn KoufrilU nod Majnr lUnnfty. 

Aa br u nay infarmntion eOH, do taviilba ot KuktiyticM or SiOhCpo* la to bl 
found if! Hunui'W writin^rt— iivhfitbor bi»timvK, draiiiAM, o> vrhikl not— 'tiDtil 
v^ry ncoat tiiuq^^ und porLnfm thu oirliurt mmtkon o1 tlium. in lUiT vtitUn 
1— Tguagq^ may ho Ibnt &>iUjuiii>d m ibo h^n biitorioi cf MuAg-JlAil tod 
plc^ungi or, poHibiy, m AhomX hookt ilnahbiiig tho niDo onmu M thow 
titetod of by the Shan biDtoTifUUi 

1'hii cuLinlry ai prevent oooupiod by iho Vinffi^oi nnd Uio naoro iiorll>cn of 
tho Kakoo LrlboL, would wnn fOTiaorly to bavij twun lQhablt»J by Lbo >Jcruii, 
9. tfibo of tihim-kiTiahi|>, *iil, lodwd, a bnoch of the grut Tm roco. ThoM 
ftppmr to have beon a VfllLoy-dvcIlLng, agrcuUurat, uid mmpvratrvaly civilixod 
uoplA,«Dd to hjkve oooupicd, b«Jdn Ibo KDkb>4'n conntry ufth* piwntdky, 
ihfl wbolo or fwvly tb« wZmlA t>f Klinmn, wiiicb ni ihiii titnit oit^odod &r 
boyond tho prvMrLL linjtu tj>wunls |bf< H^atb-wvsi, and wu dfvjdtd tnEo tw^ 

• ■8]ceti>ti of tho Slnffpbflo.' Ac., p, «. OilrutU, IMT- 

t 'Snlcdloiui from llultminln of tho IJcheiU GovoinmDnV l^o- XXIIT, ft IT/ 
QdoDlCa. IB&ru 
I /. f. Ibfi davoiitKUntB of tbc SbkQ inmdon >Dtt]oJ b L'j>por AmvA. 



4 

J 



i 

4 





tnovfaooi «jiUhL Ai-ttici tt-nd Ai'khun<* Id tboQi the ymr 1323, Chitu- 
KM-pbji, llifl King (^r Mciciff'UAU, cr Pcnff* undoHOok tlu» 0Dn<}u«it cf thv 

«emmuded by bu ^ounij^ior brotbcr, SftEn-IiVD^-|>biL ; Acd it u m the P^onrcU of 
this OAmpAJrai tiul tb« iC^khyeiu iirD fint mcrLTiodPii N<^ SlnV'^ (if Kiri^lnm 

Kin<m; ib« Nonu of A&-Kam Ik milI E^ bav^ rrmdHnxl Ai^Ulo uaiiIodcv (o tho 
<4iiqiifliiri^ wamund*!. U la JnipOHibt* la poiat cut liia (invkir bir^Iiiy 
wbcro f he E*wiiiiDo vfkt not «niJ^ ; but u tiua-lDD^pbd^fl much «w from 
1kl/)f;flting m * pomt on tbfl Upper Hor-Tiibm^ h« notablj 4iv<7vcred tba 
Kia^pcM toniuwhwn oD l linv rSrmro diivctly bitwatn thntn tvm plx^H, nnd If 
ihU in tha AMI. buMi llii ihilo nad tha loimllty of tbit liHtL ]ipp<<a'rancrfl of th« 
KrttyflM would colnrtl* wUh ibtir own tmSuioni iw "ULoid nl tbo pTrtiml 
diir, 10 Ikr aa iQ^nia ihoLr litiitory, Lbcmgh l^ut \m\a lij^lit 1i ihroutn oh tbuir 
onspn. Of r-n the mnnncr iti vbi.^ii ibcy npnuig Lntci c-iiBtrmw unctig Iha ttli^ri 

(UpuiTi Npiifvillo ^VM tbffrt [nqnuttoniiw « d^vral from tliros Kpamlo 
SluiTpo i^hlyft; am} I >iRVi? inv**lf h^rtrT fpim thi* llf* of thi?lr mom icHjthoni 
brtibmi iilnHird iiml fUlnibni .itu-mpU Ui arwntnt tv the ori^n af ihdf I'M* : 
but u n fcwofd c»[" Biich f liililLiih k'gmdn, mjrctBlly wb™ no two ii[;m, u»l 
•I'jifi'i-ly winr^ ai.v umfiil iiuqmKr, l1>rj tuf'liI imt he further •! I urfftl i-t. '\%9 
liutL fiLbuloiiii tiLil iDHBt oiindiitvnL »f thrmn r](jiii'«| by CHjiTniii Nciifvillt, mjiI 
tbc iMLir wliLth hu uty* lia frefcn lif fcillirw, In Ebjtl roliilffl bv tlio Biftu-Qaiau* 
acLdtvbicb. AM yrlM ha teen below, U-am uuk In 4niiifl:lLablT><k'^n.'fl, ibu <ledu«- 
lioQB to U drawn fiom a |*Jigr» of one of the laost ifjU;Hiv;cut huA, j*ibBp^ 
did oiost ^oMi^rfiLl rbicf amonn Tbo Kakoo«, (jr Boutberu KukbjtuH, tli, tbo 
Sfjvtf?ii-T)iiiiJ-Ui[M uf tbo CuutL tbci. I'lio ibiv/ visiti'il tu Hbauio Id lt3T3| 
iut;ctW »U]i n iiijcuU'r uf bin »itWibluri^<7r (hwiumiw, miil t^ntvil hm j>ali)rreo 
to br put intci wrItipK br Jtri cduuiLU'it and bi^bl^ mlulliicFut Ajbuxiicm, tben 
wtflchfid lo rhc Dntinli Affcncy, *T»d fioni nbom 1 havo irceivcd it. 

I'bo I^Bii'Uamii^a a<:aniDtt diTnlcd of fabJt. a to the cdccl tbat tbc SiniCMi 
An:ro ori^intill^ i«Lab1isW« an^ inJfvd iTvaUnl, uu i plnia iit Ihv Ivp of a 
ncLutiLlu i:utlcil Mtijai-Siniti'i'Dbiiiii, pitiiiilt-d nl u ilinLvLji-d 4;rf tnv rnoulbA* 
journey frum SuJiya, btlwtrii tbc country (if tbc Doi Kbanai* nod lb* bonier 
of China, xnl Wiihod by n riifflr c*lli^ Srl-Lohit, flo«ini; iu & •oulborly 
dirKtioii (o tbo Itnwadj'. HcTft tbo whole mr-? vmn drvounNl by Ibc lUkboiii 
or domoiuK wftb tJjo axotbtioa oTm miu cuuucd iHri Jia,vtA bu viforbidcimti 
or.k olborvord^ lb« us«-OftiDft |ioiatfld 1o Siri Jai u t^a founder (or 
Adam) of bi» nu«^ and aUt«d thab Jiwrif^-^ft^ ^ffr^rtont b^iJ puKd nvn^y 
aincc Uwlimo oFSizi Jia'a exifitcoco, Lc.&wilf fuvn/y-lArM gctioutlaM up to 
the (ircKiit dat& 



* AbiKban to tha nortb «d^ Af-ton tn tha aootb. Tbo n«vd of lb4 Hotm 

bfrlnjf Ik tl^^^plff of flonpiffltlirlir nlIvn^(v^l i*itllJ«ifctlrtii 1* bi^rnt oiit by ibn fhot 
iljftt tj tliu prv^iKUt diy (hiLur tv\t rvtuiymiag dL'iouail&iiii. ^^ho dviL-U cUtt^fly Jil 
Ul'licr Aakniii ami m Mi>K''"iih'^ xt^ ImkLxI ufi lo u uri liiTriULury UuruiHl dIilH^ 
uidom cmpKiyid fbioUr na 4Jir(ilii«fiird miU'iig the HuUdbui jirf^'tlirtUfL KiltOf 

with tFip Xftiriu -r\il|p-H liy Uin hiir-Kliy^n^ and by ihii Klmrit KhqriL^ 'I'Tn^igb 
ft tmineroiii nail vl^ply-tiLtviidnl nw, ricljnrtiis irnnL nl' (tji< clam of bilbiaoti 
fcj^L-ijit tliir t^iTi^ioi' fioak llf4 tAvaiiio wu vf tbo ^cuttan-^l-^iitf luflLiLiUin m (bo 
n*l l'> till: l^x-'Dbuln umi ^indoi Id Iho w»t< tha Naj£mb havo nlwayi hcntt 
burbnpjJM. j^rt^Lil'ity LdJ-ujen, and«an hikva had lltUaar lUJthliiff ia oommcTL wiLh 
Ibn N'^nu, ^Ttiu cjuutum uT k couniH^lk^n batwnan Nagu AndlCamiaf howuntr, 
ll mirlli iun-JtlJ^ikUiig. I 

Major Pviut^rlou tt^lla lu tbnt t-wn hi bljt tky lLi? M»i^utie TiMubwa vat 
«*]|f<f by the 6lDgp« »iirt »Lhrr h ilt-trlUv * tbi< Kofn RAJnh-" (' Ikfnrt on 
£MUmVnnQ<ir <^ liritlah India*' l^&.) 



2id 



Elian's Visit to the Valley of iKe Shut^i, 



Tbo Hatfii-TvftU'lutia** Toligrco it i^U be moat ccm'rcbkttt lo inat diWD' 
vaidi. IHvuitvd cf aX\ fKbH ho tootUe the birthfiltkOf ^f hU lAc* to lho«Mt 
cpf tho lf«w>dy, »&d VII thfi tKiUtb^m bonlrr of Klininli; ftiid ueribM tti« 
apUtting-u^ ihM ruUd^uutulj topok vIm to tht cuttom that divmd tbe 

'i^bo £nt tsui (ur AJuc) wu tolEfd Ja kam u, * nnxav «iiitaming, » vat* 
U pM«^bl»r tbaJia of tb« ltii:U'<<auiii. Jd Kued-u hbc but unv v^JIit, vJiqM 
nam*i ht>wHwr^ ia not glvun by tbt MaIuu. 

Tbti Itat IbuD run* lbu4: 

i. Jjl-KUIQ'SI, QPO ivifo. 

V- Jn-Uo-wt, ion ijEt^ij hit, DQU wifci- 

5. Sodo-Wft-moiJu, vnn of iho Iv^ two v^viot, 
4. ATiA-Wu-lis}(^kr »oi] <>r th« lut, itEiv wlIIf. 

6. Kum-MiP,g-in*-m, sua <»f Uui lojit. 
6, Wa-Kfvt-^'ft, •m 01 the UwC, thirty vivo*; f^ar of whom only arc 

known by ULiDc, One of Ihcio, cnUi.'d Mogiin-UoimTi-HoHUi, bnd tngbt lOiu, 
ftrmlng t)i« ei^lilh gutiemiuni from Jt-Kitm-n, m lollovra : 

J. Mlr^lb-Wn-Kittii-Su Wft AlKiLmtJl bthvt, Ul11l^ " Kun>u, tJio rAlltOr of 
the Minj*." Ilo inluntoil bit *in«atort' ilorolniona, nnii l:('Mjno Iha fltil 
Mifjp Tmubwa projior. UU brotlm™ wotc iic»:t*r«d otct Iho ODUtitty, abd 
fbrmvil duw ftr (hrniwlvu^ui fblJcnni; 

£. TjnUu(i^-WJV-I#nlant;. or Saiki-t of Lhe lATAiingiL 

3' 1ji|«i<Wii-Tj4i4iLiiG> fidiiT "( I.n|iiih- 

4. Chn-lUtn^ Jn, TI-Ymi, otlif^rulM " l-akiiit W«,'*ot faihn- of Lnkiinn. 

a. alctnii-'i'iuig-Niing-aane, or N'ung San of tbo Homn vflUft, who bcoftoiv 
fMtbur Elf ih^ Mt^raiifl. 

(L Vhw^Kiud. Y<iiig-(fm, ^u^ iiiif^tiH v^ief, ihiisr ToDj^-ttn, th'tvt uf t3io 
Taw vilUi^iL Uin (hM^ENilikTifji Iriicuiiii? IaVudl 

T- 11a Hli Lotumi;;. Hi ?4i]'i i&i:i^ IxuinjH LftlouiiiJJU 

d> Maau Wo-Sjui. fivUiu: ut Mimiis iiuiied SruL 

'Ilioit irvnn ih\?m! eiff/4, then} muJt ojily /tHir pricb^jpal cUiu, though «flch 
onu iA idubdivLilud into two, tu, ^ 

. JMJrtpUprt, 
(L^ Hong Liipu. 

FVom tilt Uiriji Lupulii ^hi? SIii^'ikib pmjvr ai« witi^iowid lu bu JenMAudttL 



* Tbo wtd Tivqbwu unuitlyjipplirtl iv K*kbj<ii diiofa, ^tmiky Iw tuBatioood, 
(i A BnnanO ccnrnptiiu of ihv AUnn till" of Cbttu-p'bn, or m g<Tii<mJly writMa iq 

CJdHm (K.11ID) artd Ihi, [ hnlif'ff- tn Ha %}>»• Inin Kukhypri (illpui hir ihm rhlflOi 
FHvrptnu. Ln llki- iruDiiei. U & corruptlcn uf Imu Hlina vonbw f dir or fi\ Aithnr 

t pinfil'ly Ulv 7\iuq of Hi^ HuniuryH urbu |:iTai (p. 7) tUa Qvo pTine||ia) 
liibt» iotn whjtb tka tiilagpOB oi Kufiij^iria nrudividod:— 

I'AAn^ Miripp lrf>pbui, LatDPg, mtd Mivjrung, Ttio apulHag [u liiL BiiL li» 
luldi l^iFii ilirfe In nlm nrifithw fflan nn tbp Iiftr4#™ i>f ^wmm. notl ttf fliii!iy»^lb4' 
LitLUiu K^uoa. ubtp isllod Lbwo, who i^uotf uiiEiiullir ffoiu iiua CbbiiBd 
fivbili:!. and whom bo oBJuiot icArd M & dUtent trilc u ihdr bagnw !■ 
*■ iaRiu\iuLtx UwlofUioIUkb^DiLk^' ThoH uo dDuljtlcM (b« LooMiriorLfini^ 
\f\iK iir., jri flint, n klTiclpml trln u^ ihw Knfchjfiia, biit ruAmiiHOj uf aftiiiltf fie«, 
nmj lurijlnly iint* Hiikivt iJkti, tu mJKbt U\ iufi^riml fnioi IhA mtDUk ak ittmi by 
JVtnjdT Uiuuiay, TLh lMi];uagL< vt Ui^ l^r^uw^, hvirvv^r. wliv iiibobU tli« bijnW 
cocukU]', DCM Momioui im^. ie not Iba vudo m tbU of tbttf £«kb^iii aolitbUiun, 




IB IfetUm Vuhmiui, 



119 



Ita in IiMiuiiK. 
Ycajg loo t^knn. 

Sroi MmuL 

It is from lb« tfalri un ot Wa Ky*tva, of tha crcond divJaEou of LApciLft 
(IaI Hong l^pAii), ibfti iha Moton 'I'(«uli<r« tncc« hja ftncotrjr, vbich nuy 
bflamngidafi undor; 

1. Ku Kong Tf ir W(> of LifAl, Wa Lti Lmi^ 

d, h\i 9ait, f*fn o( iLt; lii&l. 

^ft. L>)Ai L^iti. <4/r^. II« h»d (vnt vfivr^s and fi*o Miit. ilic ^viiUKiist of 
wIUcIj latter, ur thfi ItfliDJi, i?»«'W*<U'*J lii> fiilbtir, *P*r Nu fl. 

0. An Ka TaiJii;^ lun ot llit UhL Hit bul tUitv *iji^ ibu yuuM^^^t af wLum 
in» No. T, 

T» Sam 8i Nn, »on of tbo trnt. Go had twt mqi. the tlder ailed Binspo 
KrmXt ita^ the Homtti CAtltil MnD£-HinE'I&. the lloia&ilid uol biiccik4 In 

B. SEui^ji^ Knmf . Ilad ■ $oti ^]\fd hnn^ Tvitc* At Slof^ Krang'i df«th, 
UuQ^-tTLa^'la marTK:^ IjU vrldow, b)' wh^ni ho hod tv> daQf, T^jcoe ttfVi 
togrrthoi wiih Lua; ^'aq^. t^n bcc^kmi^ Aui-Lap^uiL Mun^-tung-la t-lao, i/y 
UitAhat wifi^. hod A son caIIciI CaliH Nuil^, whtiiCi; ihu C«Lin l^pn (OouriM). 
liiUM, f<jlWing the CaiitI trnuu:!), y/*- linvL: : 

0. OkUfi'Ntx^. Hflii tnu «uu*(t)ToD]iidu, siutuATUtHl Kiiig-j;tij''Wii> and 
(S) lioruu TiULg, wlid* wiUi thuiT duMtLdacCOj M>iu Tijf the tka iatoa aumWr 
of AuUliviiiicpn^ or TiUogtUi wUok ItU not wcrtu vhito to folLgw, though fulJy 
dutaiLril bj tbo A'liktoik, Th« proaout 3i«tcn 'L^Mub<Ta is lh« «tzUi jpini'RUiori 
aftffr Ciiuri Kong (uidiirTomiidu'd ISm^or Iho IwDnty-wciond KVoonxticN (nta 

By Ibia oODcrUub of hi« «nowtry, ilivrvforv, \i wiU hv ••« llut tha Umtai 
Itattbwft «gt«e« ^riiJi tho Biitt-Gnmu ia LhMo imFOrUi«t |idaU.wbi]sl Ilia 
iwofd «f ib« &hiux gar>ctf«l'4 nmiiaiga iviiU in Wnng out ono of thom— tho 
thirds Th* thrM jtoind n»i tho Darneor d«ignntion of iho r»iuidflr of Ulo 
nov, tbo Uicalit}' from vrhioh ;t vpiung, i\ud Uitr i«j>^lh «f its octtteaov m 
jdcIl Thn ^incidfiTm'i nj<in>oVK, i« noarkabk » a^a^wia^ Ih* cant *T)d 
tbcrt>agbzuaii vUh whidx inutfllciUA am huidAd flova by tacoi who hvm no 
koowlodBoeift whiim Uixgoost,* ind whouro tbtirolore conAcmi of ha<ing 
no^ng t« Ul hiflc up^u in ohc ol the thrand of Ibu Indition onoa britig 
biokra- 

Ai ft lubjDCl Ktm^whnt ti<TmitHly hotinft np vitb tlii^r liiafory, it mLj* I* 
vorth while til (!lv« ibci JollowSriH \\wl f>f thft -Vrift, that ia, tht> flaU^ or apl^itJ^ 
vorHbifrpiMt by the Kkkhjoru ; l^r^ if vuwod ■□ tho point of nt counecLlcg link 
WLlh tnt^iT IrodoD Tirikc}] botirt in Awm, it vUl bo ttcn that borne flight im- 
|iiii*4KhiTi ii!«i liTf-n miJli- by rontjjt'i wHh tbc luffrr, »arl tbjit m r«r a iv*s\ nt 
1#uil, i^f *f»^<ir fifU may l-* rr^ml I'LtlwT i! iwily, rir Tlirrmjth tho !ib*in or 
Biirmfnw, in HlmiiVt rnytlmlot^y ; wliiln fndhnr lrivrtnri;^lii>n of lb*tr Inwll- 
tkoM, *D^ m:ght brini t& ligiii evGQ e[o«r i>>nu**tiiiri. Major llanofly it'll* 



Tfat Kttliti7«iu of the Lflniib cHiIh Indrnl^ im<tpnri thai thoy f»r[iior|y Imd 



thdt UlBbj 



niiCtan od 1mfGilirlnil4^ : but lUat invtbiutof U t«ir*, frviatluoto 
hovbvar, Ij qui Hriouly b^bc tnkcii iCLi>iLOctHi]i^ 



A 



220 



EljAs'* I'mt ^ fA* VaUty oftf^e SAutU^ 



ui (ji. ft)th&t gr4>At defi^rpni^o li jvud to ihv |iri«td of the BmlilhJ^U, *ud «^ 
lh*t it IH Dot iiJiGonmicju to »(y imiuvctU lo liiax fiut^r To tlv ULt«r AUUntut 
) maTLOt niivwur ; l^itt ri^ruiuly boUj tliv riHuBU Aud iJic rvltgloat niiflca «f 
the liiirMliiau an? I,r*>ftl*ii1 with rmpcl hj-tno KnJchvnon iriii when a Buruirtc 
Of Sfum vlllflgo !■ »f-knd hy Ui«n r.lin tprnplis ma monaitorios nns usiuiUy 
»pAn?d, Otof thr; gmm of their chlc^fo, murnver, an lo iu b^xiu buubcu 
cn-oLJDUti k iLiu funn of (Thbcw Buddhial tHoitileft ; but furlbfr ilmu iiiiiiiK 
eridiuicoek «UL'b uh lliiw?. v( IIib iLlluvuce uT cltwtr UudiJbivb iitsiitliUfLii*, the 
Kakfay^iH I I^vr vlhih^l (HiHiAi^b^ iiuLLki|; to bcAF cHitOLpla^a IfeuMLloVriat^ 
iDout (ji. S) tiLui tlivSr " ^diii-riaiUB w^jreuip fji that of Gftntuo^ vboK (cmpl^ 
and pntau ar*: fuuud iu aU ihtir imuclihkl vi[lji4-t4.^' 

filuuBCttlfjcnruts^f tliu lldkaug vdllvy iDtl KliAtuli. 1 «riLl »ut daajt but I 

(he vjirbcu Uirlttlfics mH >K['mniitAaat ijf the qaUulu with whom they hATo 
interoourDe i nod if Ihb U Iha c*k tba euq^ ((niclueioD U mnia tnixvd t/it 
vJiut thAt Ibclc rtlJci^Li ia Tu a lETLNkt extent li^nvi:^) frvm » Uttjili^i (irifint fur 
aU tb* DA^ODv U iuimudUto inkrcuunu wUh Uiu K-nkh^cjin Atri«ir lu L*Te 
bortovr«d the lUAjor jait vf their " idiilAtf ic« uid «Lj^r>UU<:>nA " frc«n Uio 
Hbdwif. 

Tho iivcnty-foar <iLlor NaU afc u follown : thtm^t thcro in laaaBfliUo 
Ijifuriur udJ ttfl^L Oiwa. Judwd, it ii probabU thfti Bvrirml at tho foUoiriDC AM 
Cifiroly [-j<4il ttuionf: IbaCftQduid nd|chhouriuc dar^s: — 

il.) M^y^—QoA of hnTCD, uid tho nii>"t tmportAnt of «[], 
^p) JArnabJb JVimdrifri, — TLo object of ri>,v«l wortLip, i.e^ tKfl Nfttwhomaplj 
cbicfi may cronhlri, niLd thiit only id n BUTnbcr lopjthJ:?; ndthor 4 iLoif^ 
chiof or aitj' nambcr of cDinmoii pcojilc cad mcHdco to lilm. It kIiIoqj 
happoan that bo b ^oivlilptHxi, but when ca oaouloQ ts found U U iiiftdo ui 
ffpiwiiunity ftir urtnt nnplinpi nftil ^r.fiTrnjny — Hiractimcv exIcudiDr ovbt » 
luufilh or m-hTc^ llotmith JUi^hjiul^ ruukM HOXl iu UnpijrtaDDO to Mo Kot; (^ 
third b«iD£ 

(a.) J/oii'-i'tt-IVit,— Father, or Kiog of tho goda. Tho Thcgya-taoTi of lh« 
l3urmflBD| or dio lain of tho HituJow. Elaw-t^i-WA ii ri'^nrdod a« da«L i 
^iHlJng, that i«« *• fiuaWnd and itire— tli0 hMflluod ludi^idiudLy UAnji otllod 
Cb^Uu-WiL, ind thu vi'iH? MtfdHi-^^.ll4l'^'^^ Aluw-fiUWii in Dot vniahi|i|i«d 
by Aingk IddUlduAlt, but i>aly by vhule villAgDi nt a timo, 9jul on grsAl 
occwUom, BUch aa hiLrtfflata« budding new bovw*, Ao. 

(4.) A'wft (^on W'Jt of >;on-Kwnn, — Tbu cod "f thn cf«iti"ii of the vcddj 
th* Byft-Ma of the UtirUu-vTi or Uralimii of HiiLilixA i!'> U SMriGirvd to Cn 
conjtiTiEi^trciii vith uthiv iijiu) citi gcirig Irtti lioEtlu, tnd in Armitt rMM of Aick- 
iu««— -thft vcrir^clAl ohJwM bciog »ill< boiy-cbthi^ Ikmr, water. frc>, bat no 

(i.> flTfl-fiV— 'nH*N»toft|]*ptitb. 

ffl,) Tm%tt> Tun^j. — Tri*< Nut df the fotMr,, 

J",) ?4ini Aaf, cir fj'Ht iT ihe (Un. — A very lmpi>rUnr S\i, who fAn only b« 
ApnnJanhcd byavholn vUlagn ssvmbliHl, with thn 'I'uMihwa At thrvir bmil. 
AR«r bLrrait U thn luiml coouloi; fcrr n'DrKhipjane tho ^m XrI^ tint ns oEhsr 
^TBBt occajriuim also. 

($.) Aulit A'lif. — Th^ got] of tho lurxio. 

(9.J W'lrufru — tKid ofdlm*wi; l.e, ihe N'*t whrttWradlww* H«ilMnl- 
AcJid Uj lu kil CAMA of grevi: ftlok^uM Aikl cpiibiiiicM; ihH tacidclll Cib^ietA 
bd Lig cictu&i vdy iLi^imiu. but luhuaU mrvniUju* kliiilic la frmnn^kia with 
thbNfll» h tuny he iiiL^uEkjuml ihut lh(< Knkbyfiiit have no ducum and ni> 
mflliciUQ, s fuui ttiLit ihti foliuwiui: Lnulitioii. Ti^Uttnl tu ma by h I^una Paw* 
iiuuut will Ulu*lrBi4! ; '*1li tho bojijituLUjt. Nun Ui'u, ur Nuu-Kwiui, ^vn ftll 



i 



>n fFs^teTTt Viwyjau, 



thf nallanK mnlif&no-sfin], ivhich tlicir nil took ta llirfr mpcfilir<- frnintrfvi 
nrMlvnwnl. The K&khy«iii mwoJ ihtim In tht Milt, but at tcion %t \t ^vme tip 
t)it.i b(iffjil«ra KU' It^ ihrn thry irltyi a In t^u^ {iIiItih, kmt llif> pi|!» nud mis 
uuii« AuJ utie Sti uiii Lull/ t'lr^y iriuil U>jcruw U duA* lu tli? vvatr>r'» lU^flt but 
b«ra tb« fifth iLNHtl 10 Jnmp iiiit nf tti^ mUr dmlDg tlio nl^U »d d«Tuur «U 
tbA DMidli^Tif MJi uon OA It appmrrti nbcie gnmod- 'I'bm tborv nAat na noM 
nir!dlrlnc bft, and iiciKo|ic Ut docioriL I'LfrrefcrrF, whi?[i a fcmart fnlli Ul Itngr 
npptiil b> lilt TTiUu^ or prltBti) who lluJ uut »Lat nULiiiJirB aaoruljjr aU (Iv 
IttrLit^uEur lutsljciuti pjuJ fur Itiu JiJiaite lu quwlluu, auiJ iwxjjuniruijtfd tlw 

ncL^njKl btlnjj rcoipcxMlbu] far the WADt of tlio ooocautry iiicOlci^ie.^ TIht m^rl- 
no.) .SVJru.— Thv tiuLiA Nal, rii»liu): in it iluil form a* mitlc and fcrualir. 

01.3 J^j/'dtti'^. — I'JjiT NaL \t\nt ^UMph tlul uutaiilg uf llOUM*. 

(1:^,) liilttftf'KttHtiin iVaf.^Tbc «jkb:it of iZio wntcn. lie ti ucriCoeJ to 

03.) /'^fi>-n»uTni^Xbe Nat tLat ruudcv ld tnaa fgr evil putpMW— an f^l 
epKt> lie SudjE of the Bunnrvc, cr Dttkj:3i oS UbdooL A ponofl mup*vtod 
<a briu l>4«8&n*d of Pi-lo-muRi b jfrncivtlv rx}<lla] tlt<i oommitnilr, 

(14.) Aum ^inN^. — Thu i;^ *ri ^a villo^^c, i;iiBting In ilual furui, wi oat; 
male jtud cec fcm»]c. The male cunHo llic 'illnpo on itc n*t Hide, *nd tiio 
fciualc on ihc! vnsU Nam Siuii-; u Douiilo^d (q on ^cjIqe; Into battle, buikilog 
naw rilto^^ Src, 

(IS.) Bhum .Voi,— Tlwip^t^f thcliiLU. 



(16.J jWjTn-jW/jrk^u ,Vaf,— Tbo ijnril of the pvMj'-ficldfl. 



JJin^f-paif Of Mfmn^-jfci. — Tbo epirit of tlio ait. Ho tt wOmhippoJ 
CtLOTcry vcLrioty of ocoaaijn. bud iiAimliy Lti ooi»jiiriot(cia wiUi other o^U. 
Aiumali] uro ncritiood trp liini- 

( IS.) Xdit'Jny. — Thi; imL who LTUordB ateins jiud dovFvayji (iitjt tbtf umv oa 
Hft lrf>. 

flQJ AV-^tr. — II1C ancutrtl Kat. He giiurda the ptHlorit^ of tho &ttiUf, 
ud ii wwihippxJ vmry Axy iiidoort. 

^>) Jf^g-daivji — A ftrtukLv KuC. 'lli« ghoat of woinuii who dlv prvgtiaiit. 

(Ul.) i^i ^Vfli: — 1'ha ^oat af <]«*d moD. 'Vha Hiinucw TmaI. Uu 
liam* li A lerm of ahoie unoiig Kalcbyos*. Jn BftcnficUig to hlia they offor 
culy k iJiwM of the humtrf ikm of tomo anlmBl and a llniu fix^l, 

(■J:;.) itb Ajiifl in J^^iif. — Tho ipint of 1 Riirmp*? Sfinf. *ho, tktUr dctth, 
camo to ■ KakLycn villn^ »Tt<| Iwcanm a Nut, Ifr^ U incrincMl td in mroA 
cui?< nf Hickntv*-* 

(33.) fia.y^*imyA"rjf,rwHaifl.^rtifl,—Thi>Gf»d of China. 

(24.) Af^^ff 'V»tf. — Tliit |iintwtin£ iplnt of thr gartjcnn ^Vlion noridoed 
tO| he 11 ofl^ml two toviU^ % liitir (jiitlve whiiky.^nd hoiim lohiuvja 

Duriuif thti aliort IJiuu fipCTit bi cunUct urUb Uie KAkliytvj« J vtm J(«quDttl1y 
•tcuck with poLutfl of raciiiblMtcc 1iclw«n th^ni aiiJ iJiir "(K'ld'tinl]),"f 
DMitioituJ liy lljFt uM iLutljui4, though the toulity lu wtiJch Ibrv itrtT foiuLd, 
and the alK[ico (^ ibt: chiiraicti^rutuj cualom cf oovceLdk the tF«tb with ^LJ. 
prevoal th« Kjikbyi^rt ui B[n£i>o tnU from brilnc HuutifiDd mth tho Oold- 
t«dh- Th« EtoArapliinAJ pcoilion of the Katchycnii, also, ij< «t iTtHFtiL fAflher 

* Ttifi Tiunp of tbo klti^ ] hjt*n iini vavrulnpj. hul Ulk TJ»t It probably a 
local cma, the kiJig havint burn miiwl lo this nink frr tome nnolal dw>l Thb 
la trrqueotly iI^juu vriUi ^trnt irf'cifiufc^F^ auJ Major SladtUf ancr bU cipedibji>^i 
toMoiaicii, in Ifc^'S, u 4td (i^ h^^vu W«ij " bcntiliwl ** ^ thU v«y, by oiioof tho 
alaoj. and thiu di?* ntuts u h Kulrhft n NM, 

T The ^aninndiin of Uarcc Tolo Mid Baifhld^Uddfn, aod tbu Emt^U of Uio 
C!hin«ao wrjleia 




332 



Ei-LAS'/ Jlnt to the VaiUy 6ffht Shtuii\ 



vrst than thu imlj^itttl by Ikfurw Folo ; * bul Clil«* in llMlf. i»rlAi^ pv 
tH» pni (llfUcuKy, U?r vn^ iiayv iMin iliftl tiitt Kakhynii^ Uiougli noi 4 FUnkr- 
hkr twopt^ dtfnK" tlmir iK«itioR ^cry consUenli!> iu tUo cuune of timt* 
StUI ihey luTe no tmclitlou tliot I kic nwum of, of Imvibx toioi* iraii w f*f 

U»iltfl. Bill IL wiJl Im b^trt tu Uke l}>f oLi«r |X>iuU i» lUroo l>)k/* MCDMOt 
of tbn cuhLvuiH. A:c^ i>r i1j« GoU-U.vLii iu rvtiilu- *wi;<9flJou« sod OMOiaie 
Lhcm widi tlK*o tit die KflhLj«ii». 

L Till; <3dd-twi)^ EuttDOcd Uiclr 4ttu» and Ipgft Tlio EtkliTctu teionUo 
tlicm iu thi* tv El «li^t cflvnt ; but UUoobg u not » UDivomttl liuatooi wiUi 
tbE^m. 

2. I'tiD cuil^u: of " GuuTvd*," I bili«Tr,diXBt)0l<aclit4nKan£ thcKi^bycii*, 
ol till uvfiiE« 1 l]A\o UDW boen abla Co Lo»t of it 

3. The GoU-Uctb ate raw attd (xxikcd mcfrt ^d rice, ^d rlnuik Tioc-wnn*. 
I'km not attflro that the Eakbyciu <aI lavr mrat^ but th^y have bu pro- 
jodicv repirdiai: ^^oAj luid wiU cat aloioab lUiyiJiJOj^ 'lljoir drink ia ncc- 
.vriuCi M dcKnbvd bj P«]ca 

1> Oalcl. The lUkbyooA appcftr Ia bavc Tilllo or ao i^otd; and I fjinaob 
icip thlnliLiig Ihat if ^1d lad at uiy time lyim v plt^ii/nl nii!i thorn a« 
Unrc^ Polo relate ot tbc Gold-tccth, foetid meoi muot hare rciDaincd ta 
their nruui^cifUt ^r in thoir mcilp cf tm<JmK, li> IhtJ prcMht dny. ■>» ibv 

<^T KbamU vid ClilTU, «r t> ihd north otid ca*t of thu Kokhyou coooCfy 

C. llic Gctd ImUl Lad "noithoT Idola aor (>tiurcbci i* and in this rMpcflt, 
aa wu tiaw hwei itLtovrs they roMmblo tb4 KAkhy?itH. 
C> No "letlon cr ivritlag'* aii«tod aizii^j^ tL« UL>ld'l<>ut]i. A^iti t i>ot3l 

7, The climata in Iho poantfy of ibo Gold-t*eth wan ojtnJincly tnhMUW; 
but thft dimuiiTor Thtf KAtcbyoa hilk iv not ti?rl;o]i(ii uohcnltby, tbou^b too 
ng^OQH to thu ^:utlH'Hrl vf the Uj^ Sjant>lip adeJ iiboiit iho SaiwvWJ VftLlvf, 
An notorloTiflly id, 

^ TI]apTacnrc><jfctimTignoti!)i« laft pTprj) of idJrk, nnd than iplllthtf It, 
so that oQ^hnIf may be rtitaiQ«l by caeh of two poitk^ to A trviiftctloi}^ a 
prnmiQiint poirit nj reM-mbUncP la th? cmlont* of the OoM-tcvih irrd tho 
KnVhyHrm. fin pl>irli{ Etm twri lialvm tiT^thiT, thr notrbr^* rontvpond 
otrbMlv* And tbfl ]j>tan U m£jLTitn1 w: a plml]^" of f^uorl fkff.b^ 

ft T^ft Giild-t«th had "'nr^fir * li^fK'b," hut wfn^r n pflrum Wl sirk ihoy 
ftpMlrd to "Tlcvil Cnn)tiroTt," or "Kwpfni of the Ifloli" "nil* niritfftg 
pdni (iT HJmiiunty ia ilLuMtnicd by the iioip I haTo givob abova In connwrfon 
vriUi Cbe K&t " mtuirv" ^'o, 0. I'ho Devil Cdnjurora or prlMU [thry ^ri* 
Dot pncJMly hmitfra uf Idala, us Ibnro xn no idou] an ctMr^ Mitv,-vi at tlia 
ffftw«JiL day, and ore to ttcnte oxtonit \t nol cntlnrlyi a b^rtditary clawt. 

* fmti Yvlr, St p. G9, 2ild edition. 

t 6fD I'riubaf luii'ii AbaLhuL uf Uhilujit'^ Juuriial ui 'BrbvLlmi tif pH|Kin nh 
nrdins tbo Uill Troi^ LHwddu Amumi Hnd Bamiah.* ^ Bnnf^l E^qIvcV Pfip*. 

) whfib tbpPfilitJfvl Agi^t at Jthivmn innl myM'lf maliJUL la omi* tho tomtory 
of thfl Lmina Kukhynrm rnttt^Ahunlt TMiriEtWM^npi.lhpl'rninKCbMtftil cMapI'Vo 
of tpJli bvnboc^ aJioul !) inubi.* tunc, ^hb tai> uutoLca out feonw iU llv hUntcAT 
bwl idalnod ibo fouutorfiarli, the notobca in nbi<!b. wlt nflarvriuilt taMtxd. wjro- 
apiindod «XMUy with Ujow la Um balC v« bad nv^jral ; dod vri\ v«i4 awurvl Ihat 
with tijla tdtfoi AH A ptLiupnTtffa itionld ha wall N>auiv«(l In toy jmri oi U\9 L«riDK 
tfirrifi>rj 

. 'Vhv urn of Uiinbui? tuilj^Ucka fOi oomitliit; ht amwcju maalig (bo OitfO 
BonLLrTd Eakhy^Ji thbcOp uid poulblj uumjE otbcr« alto. 



I 



[itt WeMtm Vu7in/mt 



2tS 



bub ibo Kaidi>-i?Eu( kiHi^ U9 iWp, Funber lo tic cwtwird, vrlthtn He 
Ciiiausc ^jordrr. ttgwerer, thvrv ore ahtftp. 

FrL)]t^ tluA cvMisrjHcju jt ^vtll In $wa Ui4t thaucL tluj KflktreiiA, lu tbcy 
CTiflt at ptfarnt, \»yis iiunj jvinU of itntUEiliUn^o to tliv Gold-lwtht ui 
dntrilied tFf &Iihn» PuUv* tlwio un »till »9rtth[ tm^xvt ttUy -mt thuuld Imjk 
moTo to cite cutvAcd for oaf rc^roiaulftlivcM of (liat iiCQ llt*i tnay yot li« iu 
uj^wU'ncc. Bc«ida Ilia l«ct that tbe K^kbycDA ix<.ur oqI^ lo tJii; WMlfFkid «f 
liWt tlv; OSth dojErae of looi^tuUct wUlo tho Gold-Uctb tFort comidcfftblv 
Ut thi] iKWiword of iW liu«, wiili tlioEf <optiil at Yiiiiff-i;buL£,f iiur)j ui 
tho nb^TD pf<mu In v^1l^h tlic Iwo raoi^t Jo fitHT a^ivcs iadloki > murv iswCivlj 
jocallt/ tliUL th^t inhAbilfd 1>7 tho K^ikhreni; vhilo tliuio in «1ijd) tlwy ^0 
n;:rm tiro mifficicnt to uliow that the GgU-ltclh mUiib hur^ been i* kinar«d 
mrii to tj^{] IvukhyuiiR, and abool mi a )ar v^th tbcm ia point of cMliution4 
The ouiv trild^ lluii I know of lUiAu^riaf to thtm cvrjorvl coiulitii^iu U that 
of Ibc Lfcoi^wa; oud tbuugL, tn tha hoioijco of ni]> prn*'>ci»] kncivlnl;^^ of 
tbomt £ wguld r.ct rcolun cc do moro tbia iUHC«t ao knvoAti^^tivu of Ibdi 
tn^itjona uid cuitomo to faturo tmroHooit itiJiit ma/ bo w^>rtb wluU to 
moDtioQ that, iif fu ofl I haT« U«a abia Ic aio*rtaiD| t1i« L«euv« bavc much 
tb« nia* inaziiMrfl uid «(i«toeDa *« tho Kakbyeu, thovjcli tb«j tnet their 
^MCflnt fMia A difforaai oriffitii And npml tho wnatnrn part at Yumuvt u 
thffir natiVQ couctrv.ii They Ditflnd, At thn prcfi»mt dn/^ ^ tK yttti ki the 
TnpiBig vdler ; ^nd in fontiiroi, tJ^CDHui. afiqb, nitc, u n<;arl/ rcwi&bb tbc 
Kikhyffnt of lb»t n«^Ut>7urliood, u arMirccly to ba ncogDiKU oa n ftqunto 
f«opt(i. K^hAT t<rf»ird» the nortb and mhE, hovcw* Uu/ arv moru dia- 
ttaguJibabLc ^ It vpoTAtc ric«. 



KoTR HL 

TLv AC«oiap»iybs uinp wu compned fWi roajji trftrctvo «im<ey< wbilci 
Du tb« tiiaT(;h ftbrnit Lbn lino* mftrfacd in red. On onEvinf al ICung^Mau, iba 
uuti^UAik Ltj ubSL^^i all tlu; |;*rtii^aLuv of tbe iQrvey hu Wo mt«rcd ww* 
toKVlber i^il-li » uumber of ^jbjecta, sIoIitd- Tbo fiEum, bowfVffi hod pro- 
vSoQftly been vTDikcd up in A rou^lk bo&k, nt^cl thun the ^'rikrloton" rr^iaain^d, 
tlioui^a tbc di?lfuU vTcro \imi-. Tbo dbUlLc<«» ihtrofurtr, ^vdil in tho ttiuonTjr 
on the atAp tniut U iLiolinJ upciU** apmvilmatioDt onlj. 

'Thn Lt^tipla fttluplcd for Bbwno (OT* S') rc«lA on tbnt of Mandoliy, beinj; 
DfP 4' iff*, A dlfferoDco of 1^ 1' *nia dftonniiMd b*twr*Q thn two pbim* 
by romns of two good wotchwi earned by itounar from MAndilaT to 3bamo 
in c\^i Atyii but from all cooflldaUloai I b«To utnmod a diff- loiv& of 
l"" S', vliich pt«w Bbamo Id t>7^ 8' (to Umi noAtovt wbola minut*> 

* No other worba Ihat makti original nuiatioii tt Ibc Gold-tootli an aoeewEUo 
lOttQ. 

t Bm C«I. ytd^ ' Hanvi Pob.* 11, p. T?, 2ad 'vlllfofi- nwntar aim <i. p^ 479) 

fnMAtonjtDn Hio witlunltr of Amioti th^l tb« ^aaa Dbm? fgr Um Gi>ld-bmh vie 
Ou*4Mafw : while the &ban oamo for TiAf Cbaii|t-f» u at iho Tnaut d«y 
FivhAcmi, lh« VoiHAun of Pole^ 

t Ool. Tdo' (aa abote) raiuuka Ihat thuy won «vldotitLy ihftlijfft fnm tiu 
ghana, wit BvUhirtd, an^l iHthfihl Lltvfilan- ; nnii tbinLci thai prOhaFily Ibij 
^refpn Kiikhyai or PKiri^rp^ trl^ic niiirliE^f wLjIih^ Che burden of Cblujt. 
4 I liflvu tho autbufLty of tlia KHkh)^*ii Trnibn of PDuJyaa for thaaa tvo 




234 ElUs'j Vutit ft> Uif VaUry of thr 5Ai«r/i", 

Tbft niiktodo of Bbftmo \t buK^ na comtpotL^ing nodmn, at tb* an* 
d&Ua of tlw two prvicLK ymn, Ht the Hubo(]^mairt#r'i l>fSi:« In Hangocm. 
Th* biramaur* v/M avt up UTJfl rt>Hd fcir nhnuE Iwn rriuiitlii lop<th(>r witli tmt 

tttMldi (tcatod al fCow), vhitu tbKo boiljng-jioirtt thermomctsn C4!m vixh 

^frrort tSeEormtDAi nt K**^ wtr* IroqntBi^y o<>nnured with it. IJia altltuda 
on the route tcroifl the bilf< art fTom the MUf-roioft^ and thoM in the vnlky of 
lli« Shuffli ftwTi tht< IvHling-piint f>n>nnompt*-Ti »tn1 iin»»roi(tK inneiliw; Ih* 
lonnAr hnvJrtg hoen tmllrvl^ tuul r1if> IhItjt rmA TAfQlArlj iit llif rfuinf^f^oitre 

lof tho iliy for itvora] i\uyA iil KuiEung and ffatn^Cftm, Tha L^iinuroHlAnCM 
1inrl[!r which it wiu ncf^nunrv ro conip, nnd tbf 1>ph[iviaiir of The wiplr, rre- 
vontwl tho biTnmMor <'¥ff hclDg *rl ap. I'Xc^m At Rbnmo. Both the tter- 
inomutDni and fiiv nm^mulit j^tivr rtiuarHnlOy ftmB^'me rt*iu11«, and I btUf^a 

'|1l« tlUtudMn *n fxlrly i.'i>r:tir'rH 

' Thn niAgncilJc vortittlon ilnlPrmlnM nt Dhnmn aiiil ^wtuldy mny hn a^^ 
Knmnl ns tor onp »nd thfl Mjno atation, tht two pUo?* bclna only 9 mlUa 
fcpftri In dlfwl <Ilsuiiioc- Thu rtaulw tJ tlm HiGlL nt Muna-Mati hv\inc «o 
uwr thuflc i>( Blumicj, tha rormliuti Tur the BJiUro mu}] uuay Iw inkm nt ^* 
UMtarly. 

IIlc fiJIowiTi^; Hfii llii^ [ilvwrvKtiiii^ji ft^il In Ihtt roup, aII oUcuUtffl Iry tfr. 
WiilLam I^U(>^ uf IIjc Qnx:uwiLli UUi^rT^Uir/ .-— 

LKtSluao by Horidl«n Altitodu S. of tht 2«ilBi. 

I>«, fc. fl Ort^nla £ ih j^ 

-""',. &- SijioB £4 » 56 

187S> Feb. ». 0Oati £4 ie 11 

!». giriui ., S4 1& AG 

Ums .. 34 le M 

tutJtiado by PcAe R(u Mit of tti» H«TtdUn. 

llTi>r)M3.A ^ I& & 

9. .. ,. » .. SI IG 17 

,, U ; S4 IC 00 

,, ]« « 1^ *:» 

ma- Feb. *. 21 iG w 

Uc^ £1 IG 10 

MwioTP^udN Ui U 16 6V. 

JV-vwoy- 
LnUtudo by Mfi1i1ini> AltitTnlm of 9iin. 

m*. Dtt. 20 ^4 S & 

., ei fl4 6 ai 

MtDEi (uluHinHtJ<i» A ^»f 7>4nith rmlj) .. £4 6 40 K. 

Letltodebj Mvriilian AlUtadttf). vtZtmiih, 
irV. J». £». Bifttu SM ^ A K. 



in frf4t(ra Vuitruin. 



22o 



Wurajfhum. 
UTSl Feb. It. ^Iiu ., „ S ^Q &N. 



latitude hy Hatldimi AlttlmlM & of Zcmtth- 
U75. P«U 13. SlfiUi £} ic 



i^t. 



ISr^ FcK la SiniiH & lis & 

l^ituhfo bj Poi* St*r out of 1^ ULrdHlui. 
Wa. Fi-h, 2fl & £& J^ 



Uvaiior&m[ui:f, 



S3 £2 40 N. 



UtihiUe bj UnridiAn AltJtido S. «r Zoaitb. 
I3T5. F«b, 15. &VTDJ Il i A 

LiiUtLtili; by Pi^o f^inj >»it of Uio HofidliAf 

iV76. Fob.U £l A i^ 

IT. .. .. « T - W « &I 



Mmn ai (I 4:»K. 



A'nm- An n. 
Lftlttadab> Moridinu AlJlaJo ri of/iqiELb- 
1873. Fob, ^LHirini & 04) 



iK 



Ij:>n|[Itud« by Lunar DialAnodK. 

IK7S. Fob. 15. AlilrUran J<t H^t m<v>n K in< I'l) fo 

,, AiittibonD ^nd ii:L Uudu U 1»8 II 

Rwolua UlwL Uo.mW, ,. .,50 5 

,, Biculu" 2ua«L Moi^W tiT 09 14 

M<ttT>,Wiwn K.S8' l£' H". Mortn W. TW* 1" Sn 
Omriluilii'l Miimh ftff" OH" :j3", 

Jtn DOB.10. Obi.J&v(ortlif.MirrUwi S iltl Hobn. 

1075. Fab. 4. ,, 3 22/ 3° 3S' 

10T4. OvclO. 01«, 1/«lorLri[4HurrurHn 2 01( Mnu. 

mo. F«b. 0. .. a ^1 sr v 

M^n of KmI and WHt = 3^ 18*. 



VOL. XLVI, «4 



1«7.V Jfiii,3A, aim FT^-j-CnrthnHtoMlUi S 3B 

Muui of Ebpt adU Wort » P Cf. 

1ITC> Fab. II. OW Jr<W<»r(h^MjiriamTi S A 

1175. Ffb,n. Ub«, l)W<.fUioM<>r>diivD S tt 

Hvnti of Eul imd Went t^ U'^ 
TaDLI 09 OBBEATXD LxTimtXd, LoNOTTITriEf, Olid ALTTrlDM* 



FUOL 


LiL 


1«« 


AlUlralf^ 


louka. 




9 4 H 

U IS h 








B1uutv> (Boddoneir) 


97 & 


lao 


EJvi.^ level — 330 fL 


SawiiJiIj 


£4 la 




*f 






24 g iO 




uo 


■ 


TmUiiiio -. ,. 


ZH n9 35 




«40 


■ 


rpjjAiiAtu ,1 


as OG 4 




4430 


■ 


Pba^ on dinct nx] 


>f 




£SSa 


■ 


Evtlong .. .. 


S8 52 iA 




3654 


■ 


Ndu'Eaiq . . . . 


S8 00 3 




2»m 


ELvn Icvrt about 2310 fL 


Uftbg'Ufliii '4 


91 45 


as T 


scoo 


CcDtro of torn. 






IS74. ODL B. FrvnELlhftTiL 'h h& i^ 

0, d C>iiiHinp|;i ,, 

T. PomiilJiaiil 2L 08 tt 

9. Fotniahtvut SI 09 T 

to, FfUnn-lbaiit 11 AV It 

10. dC«AtOfil» .. .. ,. „ 

13. « QuBtoiiia ,. „ ., .. 

Not. 2. 8taua .. 21 » 08 

„ 10. < FuHj .. .. ,H -■ 



%\ » IS 



21 59 90 

21 5» sa 

Zl 5» 30 



MoiLnj ai AS 49 21 C9 3B 

ji»o era Mill w. ar w t N«itb. 



Noith cod Of nof^lrt divdAHne to AhiJ M ■>bvn«ciiCAt sorth. 
t Obi. ipnt. Britlib Kmlilmr^. 



in H'titent Tumiann 



2^7 



I. Hj Lnnu DinlAUMi. 



,, "i Aqmbp 

, , -UJvliitjiui 
, . Alrlfthnmri 

Oct S3. 9$ i f^ 

,, 33. D:i so 13 n IJ 23 

MMHonin^ I Jolly M^^ni, 
Ung- 36" n' fill" EmI. 



litNt. HomE. ,. 


,. f& 


li 


"o 


'Jnit niv Moon R. ., 


,. IW 


AA 


IS 


Ifll Ht. MOMI W. H^ 


.. 96 


U 


11 


ii.J j.i't. M>»ji W. „ 


., SO 


n 


it 


IbtpfH, Mc^iiblS. .. 


.. 05 


in 


]fl 


Sud itoL H^ioa K. .. 


.. » 


«H 


]& 


Ill tAt, MiHiri W. .H 


.. »fl 


14 


sm 


iftil (Pt WnonW. .. 


.. 90 


» 


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ncwmw. 


IM^ 


'H(«i:«. 


g<i i-i '6 


Ei5 


i 


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09 1 4 



^g74, Oot.2>1. B. A. C. 1741J 
,, Not. 3, U A- C S3T9 

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Wl.^Thp North' Amirrif^n Bf^in^ry frtytf} thi^ Ltikt^ of Oifi Woods 

iotJtir Itochtf MnatitatHX. By CwTAl^J B, AnDERSOK, R.E., 

Chii>f Afltronomor, Jsortii- American Boundary Commisflion* 

[fiflo^, M4n:Li2nL. 1870.] 

TiiK int<^tnfltio(iftI tMnimlary-lin^lM^lweeii th<» British pfv«'*'=flionit 
h\ North Atuerfiju flnil tlip Uuil^d SlAtc*. in tliu u:jitiiJ [lurl of 
the Continent frctii the Luke of the Woods to the Jiocky Moim- 
tciina* wn^ cstjiblii^hed by trealy m 1818 ; but mom ihm \mU a 
century ela|*fe(i lit^fore the necesflity artis© for survcyin^f und 
marhiD^ the boundiiry'liiie on tto ground. Xho itisl Uivcr 
Valley was long u.gc tnonn t<* hf piirtly iti BriLJHh luid jmrtly 
in UniU^d i^lfttee territory; bnt iji The early Elfleea of the history 
of the Bed Kiver Colony, nil it* sr-ttlcra Imd come frcim thi? 
Britiah eide, and no inti^mftiionnt <|TieslioTi aroL^. The French 
fur-tradere penetriiting from Lake Superior to the ncatwarrl, 
acroB§ a most diUQiMilt coarUry of Inki'^ and svnmpef, nnd ror^ky 
ndscB, had como upon the Bed Eivcr V&lloy early io the 
eigot^rnth cientury, niid miislhave r^atiBeil >t« grent-CApihilUii^ 
for n-tUemotit 'ihe Hudaon'a Bay Companyi advftuduc »onth- 
wards from their headquarters at Yoik Factory on Diidson's 
Bay, by nn equally diffit?uU roittt*, had in tlie «arly part of thix 
(^mtury aite it^ttclied iht.^ piain>>]uTKls of Bed Biver. The »oI(! 
object of these rivul Coirjmriin* wjw thit fnr-trndi\ nml thf'y hnd 
no intcrcjdt or desire to op«u up the country for up^ctiLlurat act- 
tlem^l, or to pre^ lor a »^etth.^ment of the question as fo the 
prooi£0 position of tho bouu<tdry-lmr\ Lord Selkirk, a proxni- 
imnt pulapr of the Hudfeoo^HlJaj Coiii\i\i.iiy,vn hi» own jiiviiTjnt, 
made a Trenly with the ludisoiiE, purchnned some of their land, 
nnd in \^V2 eatahlbbed on it a colony of HnthorUnd Iligh- 
lauder?", whom lie import^'d bv way of JIndson'e Bay, and he 
left th<im on th*j hardie c^f tlni lirA Kirtir to endure great hard- 
nhipsi, whii-h Vk'ere ^k<■;^rAvated liy the rTOiiMlant hnFftiUtii^t of tjje 
rival Fur Corapnmos, \\in>, aftoi- cjurying on a tvar of oxtermU 
nntion witti t-neh othrr fur ftoiuf? yejirs, i-'vi-ntunily mni\t^ jirai'Ji 
111 ISlfl. and joined inparltier>ihLT>, Thisuoion caused the eanoo- 
routc to Lnko Superior nnu tirnlly to be nlwindoncd for trade in 
fiiTOur of the more northerly route direct to lli^ at-ubt>ftrd. Tho 
latter route wcis nvailnljio during the months of June and July 
only, and the kliip fliBt iinnimlly cnme from England uitb 
vuppliCB look away tho fuiTi. The Kod Biver coloniaU wore, 
thoFofore, Hlmost eut^ ofl^ tntm commnniejilioii with the ontside 
world; while it wee impos^ihlo for new selllerB 1o o-omo into 
iht? couuiiy unless they veic imported by the Hudsoua Bay 
Compftoy. " 



4 



AlTDB&RON ifti the yoHh'Amfrumn Boundary, ire* 

In cotirwy of tiini> aomc nth'i'iituroii-t trndcn of tlic Red Rifcr 

iCoUmy exp1ori?d Sfinlliwftrcls, fulKitfin^ the rmirse of fhe Hi.'il 

Stiver to iu iicatm%aiid thf^iKTofJiinpthc jiliitciu of ^rwaHipe from 

jirbk'h the tributancsfjf tla- Mi^JA^i^ifii mA Ittd Iliu'r l/tk^^ tlifir 

n'sp. CJime upon ihe hrM-wnt-^rs ot the Minnay Sotor, and tliiia 

irrpnrnd tbt? wav f<ir cUirrlcpinj; the natiiml outJct for the com- 

lerce of \\**A lUv^^r to St, riiul, at ihi* head of iha navigation 

the Miwifisippi, nnd to tho tbcii ijrojcntcd tcnuinos cf tho 

tilniiwl iH/ntrm iif Lli*- Uoited SUtU-*, TIip milnmd ivhn MMm 

ilGiidod northwards acro8§ iho matabv platonu to tho Load- 

ratcr* of It'c] Tlivr; mid with thcp frtrilitfi's, Ihp rmi^riLntji 

imini> to Kinne3Dtj\. and liiiding th« oonnlry to tlio westward a 

Jd, drcon' waste unfix vonra bio for scttiem^'fit^ pmhod forward 

iWQ tbo lied ltiv<^r Valley mid efitdllishi^U tl»»TTiMolv(T* on iLo 

[r<jr-baak ti^vard^ tho frontier. tiubflcquentLy. in 1860. on tho 

itiort 4>f Iht Duntiiifon of CiiuudiL, tito Urrrit/irv rightK 'if llm 

lodfion'a Bay Company woro eold to tho uew Dominion, luid tift^^r 

je penc^il settlfrmpnt of thn roWllion in Rod lti\er, Ky tho 

Kpddilicffl nnder Sir Guraet Wolsc'lt^y, the Colony wa* miio a 

^^rorinco of the neff Donilnioti, and a ronlQi ikvailablo dnring 

10 summer only, \\\\j& ^[lencd out nt enormouN o.^Kt tUrv^ii^h 

trituh.ttirritor^, foUowin^ ^>iit'rnlly the eld uano^roulo of m^ 

'renuh fnr-trarkrs, by wliirh *>migrfintw wnrn rni'^iimg^d liy 

19 Government to nultlo in tim now Province. Thus now 

i^rriH III fivjiii the auuch, iiud to »ur[io eit^^iit fi'uiri the 

by tho now routOi Jind ci^lftMinhcd tht^niaelveg in tho vfllhiy 

tlio ucigiihuurhftoii uf tho lKmnd«ry-lin^. Near Oiis fiupjuiaed 

jalitv.flomo t«*?nty vertis npo, thp Hudwm's Bnv rompinv ha^l 

itnbiiah^d a Imiiinfj-pont, nhnro tbo Chipptway Indbns* livini; 

id buuLiu^ ut^Hi' tliio Uktti tu tito «oiitb iind r^iv^t, tiudei! th^ir 

It yfoB contended by tho Unitod .Stutce nuthoriliea that 

t]i44 nudwiii% Buy Ctmijiaiiy^rt tradiiii^-jKusi whhou IIih Americjui 

lido of tho linOj and tins i^jnloeted point remnined in aboyance 

till the Tiriti^h nnd Uuitod Htntcs Ciivemnienta agree*! to 

»int a Joint Oommiasion to sottle th& n^atter^ and at the 

time to complclo the domarcation of tho boimdary-linc 

. I iho continent, from i^vt* imiiit uL the m>rih-.wt-it L-jmer 

th© Lako of tho Wootia, ostaoiiahod in 1S25 (tho i^xetorn- 

io«t pninl agreed t» hntwnfin thn twn fifivrrnmrnbs iindfr 

10 7th Articlo of tho Treaty of Ghent), to the Bunimit of 

LO IWtty IVfiniiiaiim, tho Hoati^rDntost point agreed to and 

itJihli-hed fourteen yiiar* ji^o undor Ibo Oregcn Treaty of 

le iritli of JnDr, lS4fi. Thti intf^rval of boundary thua re- 

lainini^ undeflned eompHe^d about WW miles of fromtier linft 

the central portion of tho Oontin4:!ntT (Uid, in tho words cJ' 

treatv, ibia ]>ortiou oi the Loundary nu« to be "A line 



230 ANDEBfiOK on tiuf North' Amfrin<ttt lionmltiiy, /r9m 



dntna &oui the most norLli-weetem {tolat of tka hako of tbo 
"Woods, ftli>ii£ the JJltb p^raUoI of nortli Intiludo ; ct^ if Oil- nuid 
point Hhoiild itQt be (ax titc l^tii j^rallol of north iLLUtude* 
tlien, that a lia^ drawn froia the §aLd pointy north or K(»iit1i ajt | 
the cyugc may be, uotil the euid line HiinU iJitcncoi the £aid , 

SavaWt^X Lif iMii'lU Eji1[ti)i]i% mid fitiiii il« |>oiiaof nuirU iiiUMai^«tioD 
iu> wust, aloQ^ aud with the ^i fitiroU<?J, ^liull U: tlio lino of 
demorcutioii Wtwtinn tha l^ri-iiunea uf llr.r Brit^kuuic Majesty \ 
taii tlioee of the United Stfit^fl f^om tho Luk« of the Woods to 
tho Jiocky MDimiaiiLs," ' 

lu the im>iilh ;af Junt-, 1872, iJm BritJNh Cumniisaion WBs 
appoiDtcd, consisting: of Major Camoron.' b,^., CommiAEioDor ; ^J 
CLi|itfitn A[idi'i>;4iii, K.K,«Chiuf Astroriuain< j Cnjitmn Fmtltnndon* ^H 
JiAUgh and Liouti^umit Gulvtoy. of the Kuyal Kuciuoer^ A^i^tant ^^ 
■AftrODomerfi ; Cupt^ii Wuiii, iL.fi.,8ix:iutaiy. Licutc&aQl Uowc> 
,JLE.j WAS eubKequently apf](jiia<4 t^> \}x<j CotntuiAsion a» Sii£* 
Toytog Officer. Furtj-four of the Hoyul J:^iagiaeors ttotc ipe- 
umlly aeWlud and di.1^kthid for duty uith thn Kxprditk>n; and 
a coi^tiu^ut of eu£vcyi>ni uud tuMJ^tduta v/m apfoiiit^^ by- 
lln) Doiuinirin. of Oanada, iis well w* J'r. linrrjf-^w, Kiirgi^in ; Mr, 
BoawcU^ Vvlcrkary f^tirgeon ; and Mr. U, M. Ijan-^ii, Goolo- 
giali As fiiHJU aa the CummiHiiou wus Hji^Hnuttn]. the Uojumia- 
■ioner and S^.^iolniy stftttod at one** lor Ciuiftdu, whoro ull 
ordinary Altiinn tuid tinjviaiou:^ wei-e pumh^iru^d and torvhurdcHl to 
KikI Biver. In order to a«cortam aad mark this intentAtional 
boundujy ^rith the greatest |>o^ble ficcuracv, it ^im conflidcrod 
y to proviile tlie bi«l ciasei cf porltthle iiutmmi^rA Umt 
"jbovtiil bo eoiL^tructed ; and nitb tho ad^ico of tho JlstTonoimor 
lloy;d, liuditr vfhuTii thi? oHh-rnt wt^m inMtTiKJtn] in tlit) t(pai*Ld 
duti?B reqaired cf tboiu, the flpecilloatir^n for fiuch losimmQiiU 
M were bc^A adjtpted for the work woa juvpiued, and tho wholo 
order viba euXnuied to M^flin* Tmu^htou and Pimm's, who wlib 
tho grealeat skill a&d enetgy applied the ^ihole of (heir staff to 
tlie extioijl.ioii of thti oitli>r. m «oon a« thf- r^iiiiTJiiK'ut ttt;d 
outfit wf-r^eomplotc, tbo ul1ie«m find dtitaoliment ut thij Hoyal 
l^n^mv-ni Ifft T'lvnr^ioo] on iliii 22nd of Au^n^l, 1872. villi tho 
BpedaL itojxei juid inbtruinenUi ivijiiircd tor th<^ Expedition. 

Prococdhtg vii (Juebec aiid the CunudLJio Lid^tv, th^ party 
travi-lled ly iKTiuiieiion of lb'.* Unit<>d ?>liilf-fi authoritii** fn>m 
UnlutL, on the wealeni sliore of L^Lkr? Su|trrior, tUtuu^jii tbtr 
to of Mtnm-M4iU l>y rkil, lo tbo bend-wat^re of LC^dKiTo*; 
tiionoe* portiy hv murchitigund partly by rirer-trcnsport, rtiOidiod ^J 
the fpHitior at I'enibjDa on iJie 20tn of Sei^temb^n llbrt' the^^H 
comtini^eut of Cjinadian oftii^rs and ^^jdoyds >epi>rtod for duty, ^^ 
aiiJ htfi'L' the Cwuiminf^iiju ttppninti-J hy tbi? ITtitcd Huti!* wiirrt 
ttUo 4]^priibled id readine«s to Qomnieuco jointly A^tronoiaioal 



4 





d« Lake t^iht Woud* U> t/ke Bttcksf MouiUaim* 

ikud iho ftist oxporionce of tliu Joint CummittiLon ui 
caiDp oil tiitf IW Jtivur Prairii; v&s a. vioknt Anomloniv frcOD 
Ui« norUi-west, whioli ra^^d witli f>t<?at nolcmc^^ fc»r tlxroo <Inyit, 
and ptaUydQU3rGdlJcidH:ipcrntJan^, The acttlura fi>rotoi] tUat 
lliis wag the barbjnger of due aulaniD weathi^ir, uliirli provcfl tij 
bo llio cjL«n ; for iluriuj; iho suocccding looiith bn^liL uiul ^oiuul 
weaUieir previuJiKi wiUi u Kiiltry, hn/y. ei^iU muUmlt^ «late of 
tim ntinoepliefe, popularly known tlLToup;houi CauaUu lu iiia 
Lidia^i HLuuiiKT. 'Ulo j>iMitjou of ilio LuimJiuy-Iiue at Uod 
lUv9r was c&r«fully dtMermiued uidep«ikleuUy by astrouoiciad 
«bMrTUtioiw tiLkcu by tho two ConuniAioiuit uoil tim rttmlte 
difTered by 32 f»H*t, t>r iiliout ou^vtlurd uf a t4.Hyind of latltoJe.* 
ITliia dilfbrcMicQ woa biilvodi and ikcr positiuD oi tlic boundary'- 
Iiin% aa tlini ikgr*'*-J tJi <<>r»riminl llir r[ju^:]ruliai:ri«liijuf» Uiat 
hod boon provivualy lakvu by C^tpUiu PiUlieur and oUicrn. 'Hui 
principAl point uow sctlted wois tbul iLc HudM>iiV lUy Cum* 
peny's tJiadiLg-poni, liiu torriioml jjo^itiou of which had bewi 
diiputcd, •was tutcttimutd to bo 2o^ yard* inthin Brituh tex- 
litLiry. In order to toiko adviMititgts of fbt; ojil'h WL^atli^r that 
mil-bi bo expeetLH^ dtixing tbo moutli of Ootobor, Ibroo ostrono- 
mtfii] partu* wtre or^niaed by Ui*^ British CiKii»iimii>n, luiJ 
two i>r th<im protrccdixl to ttic Luku ol lUu \V<Judi, to oi>uaaionoe 
cporatioua xhvtc In t^nucLTt »iUi the Uiiited t>tAt« Comtiu«ion; 
and ibc tjjird party commi^mx^d ncirk ut on inLermediAt^ poiDt 
ca the boundary bctnotui Utid Uiver and th^ Lnko of tbo 
WofjdH. 

A diffiuidtv prcwintcd ibdf at tlic output, aa to tJke oxaot 
po«ition of tlii^ norili-wtviit point of liia Ivak<3 of the Wuod:*, 
dutcrininud by a f^fi-mor Joint CornniiKtioii in iB2^, being tUt> 
toimiW |)oujt uf tU» iiptirntitinti under lliLtt CommiMton, and 
tbo initiid point of tbt? work of tho prw^wil CominiiiaioD. TUt> 
point wufi 4:V:7icJib4:d u* bcijiK in u t(wamp, uud tlioro boin^ 
no ilriu i^round io tlic ucfigbboitriiood a pymtnid uif hi^H wjw 
Ccn#tnicU d ihbout a atih south of tiic «pott at au cxiLot spodfioi 
distanet^ from thL* jifdut, whieb th^ CivniniJ'f»Ioui.-r?i in l^lfO bad 
ocreod upon o^ the worth-wost corner of iJio Tjakb of tJio Wooda. 
All tnioi** uf thin i\oiM|(iri pymmfd hml di[iupin?aa'd, bnl tbo Ua- 
ditioua of its construction n'eri> d'&sh hi tliu tncmory of tlu^ 
Indiab«, and gnidcd by tbo diicctionj) of mi M man of tht> 
Chippewa tribe, *omo youngor members of the tribe indicnti'd 
ft spot, then 1^ incbea und^ n&tor in tbc swatnp of tbu liiaU-jQl, 
^rom wbii^ upot na oukon log ^tas dug upj and the Imprefidiou 



* I'ho method of tn^rking ■nd tDf^rktof Iba bMEDdltfy-ltn* 1j oipUlnftd iu Iho 



232 Axr^ERSOK €fn the North-Avtetiean BouTtdory, from 



of li frnmo in Iho inarnli waa notirti!, Gurl ok tioiild Itnvif been 
mftJc by u pjminid of logs. We wore further aiJcd in our 
investi^tion by w^me nHiJilional parlk'nlnr* pommiinlrnt-ril liy 
I\1 r. IFarclny, the BritiAb Commissioner of 1^!26, who, I am bappy 
\At -sjiv, Ik aX'\\\ ntivi' : mul. Ilinti^li iit mi ndvuiii^eil a^*(? uf ucaziy 
ilO vears» retained woTidi?rfiil recoHePtKin of iho oirt:irnistQiitv*i 
oonnrrtcd with the <it]cetioH* cciw refenwl to liim* An inde- 
peLilent mTe^igjition froia o«r own obBervsvtinns and nif-a^in*- 
mcnts icdicdt^ tbe restorcfl silo of thr old pyi^Lxnid only 4U& 
fevt difitaiit from \\\k* ludian^^ ^t^. Thia entrnordinAiy roiiici- 
dcDco left no roa^onabte doubt tbat wo had t'cnmd tho old idt^fp 
Hml tbo JndiuiiK* quit was urcnrdingly wdojilwl^ uud a^rted Aa 
the Gtortiii-f'polrt of the cp^ratiouB of the new Comniasioii- 
Thc north-west comer nf the Lake of fhc Woodw was ra- 
<^«iablii]t«d and ftiind to occur in a ftraasy D)aTsh ravtw^i by 
iJ to 4 feet of water. Tfac intern aticnal boundary 'Jmc, rt«rtbg 
rttim iJie iiortb-wesl point of tbf' f-wk**, folfowM ljy Ujp tt>rai9 of 
tho treaty a due-eoulh line for 26 mUes to its intenectioL 
willi tho 49tli luindlel in the own wnter of ihr InVo- 

Fot tho first 10 miJtf! tli« fino mit* oft' a proinontot^' of tid 
ffotem «Wo of the IW. |vifdu^ ovei- el coiitinuoUA swamp 
more or Iwn wtn.did. In Ihe mirthuHy jiortion of tho Une th© 
timber is dtuae. couftiating i-f birdi aiid tatrmrac a apocicv 
<*r Iiir<4i, tind a gre^t entflngtrinetit of fnllcn fiuibirr coren* 
a Ireut-'herouft n^vamp, having: iu bare phict^a a mosay snilaod 
which gives way nridtr foot, and iiiidenK'ath ib ictrr and 
wnter of varying' depth. Tho cuttinc^ and mrreyioff of thi* 
line naa attended ^tilh connidt-raM^ liardHhip and difEculty^ 
catnp eqiiipagiT and proxiHi^nnlx'inp transported on m(?n'« baclN, 
ttid lor this oervJCCj irn well fliif^>r cli-aring \\\v. \nw, ludiaaa were 
»iiploye<h The natives of the Tjoke of the Woods are most 
indopciLdcnt, and littlo indinr^d or physically aM<^ for oontinuou^ 
hardvi'orlf. It tx^i-ame necesMiry to humonr ihem a little U> 

Crevent them abandoning a work which ncc-cmtatod tfattr 
sing kn<^e*deeji h\ lund a\\ ^nx. Thi? grt^at talker of iho parly,. 
who JH well known thron^httut the countrj^ l-egan by n great 
dtnirish. ftnd vciy eoon di,'*rtblrd himself with his own aic, antl 
eR'iitnJtlly eettleiidown as the cook of the party. He was famous 
' 'ir the extraordinary load of miscollancons hncgn^c that ho 
mid collect iiilo uni? bntiOlL" itnd carry ou his Lack^ with \Xm 
porta^ etraps aeross hie foivLcad, and jump from log to lop 
whon shifting cump ilonii the enllin^. 'lltrTTii<liuiL# wouhl ontj 
work on ihe eonditiou tbut 1 would take care ol their wives ana 
fiimilie-s during their abaeuee. Tnclvc cr fourteen families oc* 
eordiugly arrived audii>t up their lodges close to the Ohaervatory 
Camp, and au occasicnal issue to them of a little Hour and bacou 




the Liikf> oftht^ ffiHHh la thf R^H-hff Motmfnitta. 233 

was eqiL'tlly <Jir»lr*il ninpng tUrir nuinbcr, niiil a*ie<I with mar- 
prising ecoDomy. AlW livini- almost eiilii-ely cm rofxipr^-miwt 
linJ a ft'w root", they hoTo an imJ'^Kcnbnbio cTiving for tlour. 
During tlitr prir^rtwt of tft« wtirlf (.tw* fit.i9l fh^I ui on llie 8ch of 
Novembpr, ond Imvcllin^ tbroTigli iLo ^vrouips bocamg eaaior, 
UiOugh Hti hh-tIv ffUl i>rs(r^nw pn^ivrtnl the ^wauiu frciiu freezing, 
ftnd ihd ffronna oontinuod to l>o Iroaoheroiis tilt tbe soov tJoag 
tlic tmvcllCTi trail had l>?couie troll coasoIidaW bycon^tnnt fcwt 
traffic. Tlio dii(?-»oKth Itno fiawo* nlrnodl inTiAilly from sn-Anip 
into the open Iak<\ iht? timber, becornin-; mort nod more sttinlto, 
merging into willmr-hiHh*** and ^viiiriip mvly gmtic. Tin- turliml 
loko-shoro vrus LnrlK-uti^d Iv x\ saiv\y bivtK'b, (>u wbirh a fow 
willnttH Hlnig^lf^l far (-xiht'^iJCC ; Htid tbr» tnrf wliirb bjul bi^aton 
vioknilly en tl^« bi^ach ijurin^ Ibo pniTftUnc^ of A<utlit.-rly vinJs 
bad ikow btt'<Jii]<? fm^i^'ji jieUi i\x\yfi faiiUvttic furms, and the 
doaljiig ic0 tvbicl] had been HriHefl X^ Intid w^ix tiueked and 
conaolidati-il in n niggrd and <'nnfiisixl ino-vt, ivbJcn cilcndcd 
for some difltane^ into tbo lake, aud was m^rg<e(l at last inlo 
the ^^^^lrt^ icy covering wbicb now held the imribcfi of the Uko 
last. Trilund imvy tb{< Tuuirhf a Ih-'IL orDU<*ii numb, fully a milo 
ill tti<lth, had bocamo coatod with jrlarc ice» !i Ictt in tluckn<;sa, 
and UiiH i"', whirb had ftmnrd tinder mnrn juvntful njiidiliona 
thftD that in tlicf cyfux Inlcc^ tva^ a« clear aa cryvlat nnd Hii'jingcly 
boautifu). In atrikiujf coutra^t with tbo rcy desolation of this 
eoene, the Tndinn^, on finding tbtit their work was at an ^nd, 
fan forwanl with wild jtfV, sbi-nuuj^, and enjoying tho fw*<|«out 
folli llifvt tbi^y met with in ni^^hing Tbtiijgbtb'JKly over llie loe, 
till iXxvy utrivofi i\\ the Jfcacrb-liuo, rthf^ro an iuiposin:: Ilii^Uff 
wiw M.'t n[j. -Iiijil Ht ibis litii" II Nijowst'^rrn, whh*h hnd becu 
threatening from tho noathvrard, nimf up with j^rtal fury, and, 
vitb a (biri[i«rultin! bt-lnw lu^n), t^veryone waA eompcllod to (fovcr 
h\M fat^o; and the retreat to the wh^Uorcd eiiltin^ Jo the woods 
waft idmiieit I'ul off by the wr^vrrity of ihe ^rm. The trno 
direction in wbieh the men had to travel wsis luly cnximd by 
ronpin^ tlic men in line, and pmbnging tin? hue of trav^d by 
looking biurh mi IIuim' in rear, who wt<re ni:it nltowed t'> move 
forward till tho foromoel ones wero placed Jn line. 

Til" liinmdarv-b'nn conlinnes soi:lh«rly for 10 miles atros 
the open lake/ond intorseotd tbe A9i\\ paralkd at a Rpot in 
tho lake where tho toundings showed 30 ficet of water. Tro- 
ceedia^ Ibt-n duo we»t ftw 6 miles, tho boundary-line inter- 
secte tne we^lein aboTO of the lake, at vrbich point a ttvrien 
of nWrvntiona avak takrn by tbr* J«tnt CijrntniKHJjtii on a little 
Bandy rid^r, wIhtc* a few |K)jdnra were founds and a dry rpot 
for the eiiran][»ment. CIose* by, n uraall mid indti|)eiiJeat 
bond of Indian:^ woa establiabodr who cultivatod come inuL}! 



I 



d34 AsDSBfiON on th NtfrtJi-Ameriraa Boundary, Jhmt 



patoIicJi of laLiI, and owned n few con^ Uto ovily roniiuxuilg 
^yidenoei of ihe oivilulug iuDueuev ol^ tliO i^rly Francb traddta 
who settled at the Luke of the Woods a ccDtviy boCbro ibo 
CODqut^, uiul of whom icoico faint truditioi^« vero told to Sir 
Alexckuder McKeu/ie. t>u his fiwi riail to lUo Lake of Iho WoodB, 
in Mt^'J. Thi> thriving tnulit wliWi TitippAm U> luivo r:KiEttj4l ut 
iho Lako of Uio WooiJeg in lur und Jliliori^s, m tbc* tliue of tXke 
Frencli tradeifi, 200 yt^n h^^, lias iiovh nkuoaL c'.L^u«(!d, iinttl/ oa 
4€COiU]t of tlid mippiy havjnf; Umhi rotJuood, end purtly l>y the 
dimmution by wu otiti aiutdlpox iti the uutnber ot ludLaiiB now 
wading on th« Uko-<bor& ^r A. McKoaxi 9 alludes, in 178$, 
1^ the Lake of the WoocIb aa bcinj; retunrkahle m c:cn&c<]u«oce 
of t.li9 Americjum hnving immpd ft as the spot imm whicjh 
a, ^ine oi' l>oiiiiclury hctwot'ii tiiutu oiid ifntish Amuriea was 1o 
run "tint uijtil il Hirmilv Um MiMWiipi, ^^kK^^^ ItuwcFi^r, he aaj'^j 
novnr oun liuT-pon, as proved by I^lr, Xhompa;n, AElroiioiuw 
to th(? N<]rtJj-\Vtyit CumpaiL), who wiw seiil exjue^sty iu 171)8 tw 
•Xflmioe the ^imd, and reported that tlie notthemnioet \voU»r» 
of tW Mi[<«iwipp) an^l ono of its tributaries, tlic AliatouHr iw 
altof^elheT' sontn of a tine drawtJ due weet from iLe aortli-west 
corner of ibo Lnke of the \Voodji(» Although thie ^ntJoman 
rtporLifd thai iJu? riiirtli-\vi«t nirnrr iti iW' Luke uf IIih Woudh 
v/as in kt. 4^" 35', tiwd the uoi'therumD^I bead of the Mtesouri 
in 47^ 32^ iho iir:lual hoiiiidaiv-Itiic- wru< djn^i'li^l by the; C«>m> 
miBsJonera en tbfj 20lh of October^ 1316. to f»>Uow a meridian line 
due norih 09' due aouth from the norlh-wcflt corner of the lake 
lo the 4£l[Ji ihrndlul (jilibon^-U a dur--t(Outh ouurve wad iiidicateil 
by Xr. ThoEQjiBOQ'a obscrvatiougi), tJKLce i^Mtward along that 
jiaratli-l to tJi» Hj^'Iev i\raiL Minima ; ^uiil ihv t^iuu- hur. of btUludcr 
(41^J wuti adopted that tUo Hudson's Iliiy Compa'^y baii e^ig- 
Reffted in 171'Ji to thu French GovciiimcDt a^ tlie boimdarv-line 
het^'uoii ihv tirittori^-aE uf tlw Biliiidi laid FilucIi Uuderii^ ^ho 
it va^ cspcetcd mi^bt cotuo into collisiou with each otber, 
when |Huliii]g forward tlidr irrulo hiti> Ui« ititcrrior of \hi3 
Contiuecit. 

TJirt initud |h>iut of tJio 4£tlb ]>rirdlpl at the Tjiikn of tbo 

"oods" wufet'jrii *hcr*3 wan luail^vd on Lliu j^rouncl bv the Joiul 
Lmi»iou of Jkittah and Utiitt-d Slutu^ ijltjL-em lu Navemberr 

[S72, where ulttr an vlab^mle stiiLW ol' obttTvutiona by both Com- 
miseions, the inLiepemic&t r^HulLd ^vbtU6tldlede^tonUle ^uad 
>Ji4iWf'd an uvi-r]u]i of tciTitnry of *2'J feet, iind ihii^ was most 
amicably halved, toid tho intermediate ]>oint ugivcd to a# tho 
initial point on land of the bound ary-]iii«», Tlie fuitli^r survey 
and inarktnfc of tLo lino weetorlr, over 90 niiloii of rotiutry 
iiit^i veiling betweeu tho Lake of th« W™Js and tilt* IM Ulnar, 
wfl«accpnkpljiihed during tbe winter of 1$7!^-T3, by aetioiioDiioal 



i 




the Lakt e/iha tVi^^dt tc th4 Rodt^ Mpantrntti. 




jMTtrw ^orktaff from both Aido6. Urn jx^^oa bad hiUierto Veou 
S'Mmi imuiijnUa, tinc]t|jloivO by uhil** men; auil iteftcribed by 
tl;e ludmua uit d vjuit auJ tivuchoromi avramprtbo fr«OAiuj[ of 
which wua t^f ard^J by the orerlyui^ euuw, Th«e aw&m|» woro 
fijund to bij quitfi impitswiblij fbrwheQled rebiclw or pi^k-horafL-ti 
dmiu;; tiio u^HTi t»eaaou ; but by moltitig a ddour rn>m itud 
Riv**r tonariU tlio Hr>mli for ^ii miles, awwB was oblAiiKui to a 
point uii tlio bciuiidtuy, C»7 mib« wont of Itc^i Rivoc. Ficu tbU 
point pn>g[-UM it; elthi^r au wut ur vtuat diriHiLtuit wub iiiiptrdeil 
t>^ Nwihinp, ADd tho 'mak wiu cotiiiDuod with much diOioulty till 
winter Bt3l iu ftiad lhi3 anrijicf* of thi! MWiLm|K(),jfrndu:Llly froise. Afl 
tbo ivmter advancdi] ami the enow iDcrenwd ind»?[>tli» the vn^rking 
particii wcro «upplicd wtth Icatik^r tdothing oni cxlm buSiikt- 
Tcbos^Dil the nk£»n ncqnii'ed readily Llie us@ of ffikow-«Lo«^, uliile 
tho traiwport oft^torc^ iLui promiotua to the mofit adviuiucil ptirtiov 
ytaa m-uuiuplL^lii^ by dug^traiUEt. Although it mua ^-iicmlly 
eiippoi^i^ that OS aoon && winter set io, fit^ld operations xvoulJ 
neuf^t^jirily Ik KUAj^H^iidml. it vn^ found that tliotulveiit ^if the 
irost atTomed thd ^t&al&BX iu«uULuoe to thd work, ior both mea 
And triuijrport oniuiols were Hj^rr^d iJie cxccuivc fatigue of 
wurkiiig thmii^U thi' ucfroKen K^anipsi- It wiw mmix iLM-ei^ 
tanaod, too» that tlic winter t^aa tlii? oul)" timo iq vbicb tJic 
wmiitry iH-tw*«*n Rtiil Stiver and the Ijiktt of thn Woiid* <TimhI 
be surveyed, ue tho an&mpa \voro almost eontiniiou^, and unly 
mtcrsc^tod at iutervaU by beltA of timber. Allhgugh tho cola 
v/bA ut timv* int<iu»(Jr tho tbermooieltir (>fUju iihuvviii^ W billow 
aoro, luid oa one occQedoQ 51' below zerir, tbc^ vroLkliif^ parties 
w(*rt* far thu mcwt pirt protMt«d in ojimii l>y ibi) w<]oiiKr mid UA 
lonj^ as tU*-' (lir waj* atill. no p^-al diwomfLJit wuj uJtpcricrioedp 
Thf* iHHJ^t wiikil, houevcr, f.'^UKfrd n^iK'h 8iil^'i?nMg aud inuiiy 
frOittrUtos. InuEiiiiK: tbi> (wtrotioiniciL iii^trnmuuti^ cuix.* huil to 
be Ukeu tiut U> toudi tht? aietd uf tbi? iuAtruuieut itiUi Uie 
bpjy^ lianti TIk=i ob^orvar would occiutionally find hi« oyclid 
froocu Ui tbtr L->e*piti:e uf Uio indtruTuc^ut, a:iti[j^[i^<ufT«d by tlie 
HtKstan oftlc(?« m SiUtm. Wbilo on the march in n cold wind, 
tbc^ trarr^llvr 'wouM frot^ucntly tind biA eyelids f^jr the iii»ini.iit 

on till! Til), ^th, nnj Uth of Jtmuar>'. i>>7-^, ^'nu-iin^ great loss ^ 
life iu il]iiini?Ki>tn« faruLt'i^ wltfi thru' fAcuilifiibtim); eaii^bl vlietE 
driving* in el^igbe, ^ntti^mptin^ journeys of a few idiI«« from 
ncighbonring liouecs, I have a ririd recollection of tho iftoim, 
in coiuequeuQC of beiD^ out iu thu o[^>uil couniry at ihd time 
tiavclling on £now-flhoes in company hiUi two attandanto, ftod 
n diig-traii] Ciitryinf{ bhmkf^Eat and provi^lntis. The dog* wtire 
etiinjf 00 pitileaaly in their oyod aud oara by tUc drifting enovk, tbtu 
it iTtL« impouible to get thorn to fiice it^ and they contiuuaUy 



I 



SS'i AvDEUSON ^41 rh» North- American Boundary, f rem 



ToW^d ovor and liufi^d ihvlt hvtUU in tU« kdow. Stiolbtir was nt 
Vjii^tli found iu u tvaail iakud of poplars, aud vte kv