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Full text of "Journals of the encampment proceedings of the Department of Massachusetts G.A.R. frm 1881 to 1887 inclusive"

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PRESENTED BY 




GEORGE W. CREASEY, 

1881-82. 



JOURNALS 



ENCAMPMENT PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

Ct - 

Department of Massachusetts 
G. A. R. 

From i88i to 1887 Inclusive. 



Reprinted by 

Order of the Department Encampment 

OF 1900. 



BOSTON, MASS.: 

E B. Stillings & Co., 368 Congress Street. 

1902. 



E 4t- 



CONTENTS. 



•W 3r 



Encampment at Boston, 1882 

General Orders of Department Commander Creasey, 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, 1883 

General Orders of Department Commander Patch . 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, 1884 . . 

General Orders of Department Commander Evans . 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, 1885 

General Orders of Department Commander Billings, 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, ISSfi . . . . 

General Orders of Department Commander Hersey . 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, 1887 

General Orders of Department Commander Tobin . 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Encampment at Boston, 1888 . . . . 

General Orders of Department Commander Nash 

Roster of Department Officers and Posts . . . . 
Portraits of Department Commanders : 

George W. Creasey, facing 

• George H. Patch " 



George S. Eyai^s /c 
John D. BilUiigSc' ' 
John W. Hersey 
Richard F. ToMtt,' 
Charles D. Nash,' 






pages 
1-53 
54-66 
67-72 
73-133 
134-143 
144-148 
149-217 
218-235 
236-240 
241-319 
320-334 
335-340 
341-408 
409-428 
429-434 
435-492 
493-507 
508-513 
515-580 
581-594 
595-600 

Title 
73 
149 
241 
341 
435 
515 



24M'03 



NTRODUCTION. 



At the Thirty-fourth Annual Encampineut held at Boston in 
February, 1900, Department Commander John E. Oilman, in his 
address, said : " 1 suggest the consideration by this Encampment 
of the advisability of creating a similar committee to that of 1892, 
with authority to continue the publication of the early history of 
the Department, beginning with 1881, and including as many 
administrations as will make books of convenient size. Should 
this plan be adopted, I would further suggest as an economical 
measure that for the purpose of distribution to public libraries, 
four hundred extra copies of the reports of this and subsequent 
administrations be printed and retained at headquarters until a 
sufficient number accumulate to make another book, when practi- 
cally the only expense would be the binding." 

The Committee on the Commander's Address reported the 
following which was adopted by the Encampment : — 

"That this Encampment authorize the printing of the Pro- 
ceedings of the Department Encampment beginning with that of 
1881 Tnd continuing to that of 1899 inclusive, and insufficient 
numbers for distribution to every public library in the State, that 
the history and good work of our organization may be placed in a 
position and condition for permanent preservation. The printing 
of four hundred extra copies we most heartily endorse and we 
offer the following : — 

•' Bcsoh-ed, That the same committee as was appointed by resolution 
of Department Encampment in 1892, viz. : Past Department Commander 
George W. Creasev ; Past Department Commander Austin S. Cushman; 
Past Department Commander John D. Billings; Comrade William M. 
Olin, Post 20; Comrade George \V. Powers, Post 15. be such committee 
to carry out the provisions of this recommendation and to complete said 
history and cause the same to be printed." 

In compliance with the above instructions the committee have 
caused to be printed this volume embracing the administrations of 
1881 to 1887 inclusive, which together with the volume entitled: 
" The p:arly History of the Department," furnishes a complete 
record of our Order from the organization of the provisional depart- 
ment in 18^6 to and including the administration of Commander 
Nash in 1^87. 



JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

DEPARTMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS, G.A.R. 

HELD AT 

Boston, 1882. 
january 30.— evening session. 

The Annual Meeting of the Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Faueuil Hall, Boston, 
Jan. 30, 1882, at 7 o'clock p.m., in compliance with General 
Orders No. 11 from Department Headquarters, and was called 
to order at 7.40 by Department Commander George W. Creasey. 
The Officer of the Day reported all present members of the Order. 

Prayer was offered by Department Chaplain John W. Lee. 

Commander Creasey announced the Encampment opened in 
due form and appointed the following Committee on Credentials, 
viz.: the Assistant Adjutant-General; Comrade W. A. Sloane 
of the Council; Comrade George W. Powers of Post 15; Com- 
rade George L. Goodale of Post 66 ; Comrade John D. Billings 
of Post 94. 

Commander Creasey reported that the Commander-in-Chief 
was in waiting and desired to visit the Encampment, and that he 
had taken the liberty to appoint a committee of three, consisting 
of Charles A. Stott of the Council, Charles B. Fox of Post 68 
and Andrew C. Stone of Post 39, to wait upon the Commander- 
in-Chief and escort him to the platform. The committee retired 
under escort of four Aides-de-Camp and immediately returned 
and presented to the Department Commander, who in turn 
presented to the Encampment, Commander-in-Chief George S. 
Merrill of Lawrence, Mass.; William G. Haskell of Lewistou, 



2 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Department Commander of Maine, and Silas A. Barton of Lynn, 
of the National Council of Administration. 

The Commander-in-Chief was accompanied by the following 
members of his staff, viz.: Adjutant-General William M. Olin ; 
Assistant Adjutant-General Alfred C. Monroe ; Senior Aide-de- 
Camp John G. B. Adams; Aides-de-Camp Edward A. Fiske, 
George G. Bailey, Jr., George H. Innis, W. J. Mansfield, and 
Assistant Inspector-General Thomas H. Hill. 

The party was enthusiastically received and after the interest 
in the reception had subsided the regular business proceeded. 

On motion of Comrade Stott of the Council, it was 

Voted, That the reading of the records of last Department 
Encampment be dispensed with. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 383 

Number present 293 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 13 

Past Department Commanders 3 

Post Commanders 98 

Delegates 179 

Total 293 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT, 
1882. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 

Commander Geohge W. Cueasky. 

Senior Vice- Commander . . . . Benjamin S. Lovell. 

Junior Vice- Commander Royal B. Wight. 

Medical Director *Azel Ames, Jr. 

Chaplain John "W. Lee. 

Council of Administration. 

tJOHN SCATES. Charles A Stott. Benjamin A. Bridges. 
William A. Sloane William S. Frost. 

Official Staff. 

Assistant Adjutant- General .... James F. Meech. 

Assistant Quartermaster-General . . Edward T. Raymond. 

Inspector William L Baird. 

Judge Advocate William H. Hart. 

Chief Mustering Officer Alfred C. Monroe. 

Past Department Commanders. 



A. B. Underwood - 
George S. Merrill 



Horace Binney Sargent. 
John G. B. Adams. 



[Only the names of comrades present are given.] 

Post 1. Commancler James L. Wilbur. 

Post 2. Commander George A. Thayer, William S. Brown, H. S. 

Everett. 
Post 3. Commander T. C. Lucas, A. B. Hodges, J. W. Brown, D. S. 

Elliott 
Post 4. Commander Chas. O. Boyd, James Pope. 
Post 5. Commander Horace A. Sawyer, S. A. Barton, George A. Hunt, 

Alex. S. Wright, Kirk Stark, Gustavus A. Badger, A. A. 

Davis, Geo. F. Batchelder, John L. Parker, Frank Swain, 

Thomas T. Hines, C M. Sprague, H. H. Babb, C. W. 

Sears, C. K. Mansfield, J. W. Colcord. 
Post (!. Wm. Birch, R. S. Dorr. 
Post 7. Commander Dennis Meehan, Thomas J. Tute, George B. 

Martis, Patrick W. Doherty. 
Post 8. Commander B. W. Bump, C L. Starkey. 
Post 9. Commander Rufus Howe, Chas. L. Woodbury. 

•Reported sick. tNot present. 



4 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Post 10. Commander T. M. Kemington. T. J. Hastings, J. B. Lamb, 

S. F. Babbitt, Geo. F Thompson, W. L. Robinson, E. L. 

Drury, F. H. Rice, J. B. Willard, H. T. Buck. 
Post 11. Commander Thomas Crozier, Alvin R, Bailey, Henry E. 

Wright. 
Post 12. Commander W. J. Manstield, W. N. Tyler, George H. Teague, 

AS. Atherton. 
Post 13. .John B. Parker. 
Post 1.5. Commander Richard F. Lynam, J. dishing Thomas, Thomas 

Langlan, George O. Noyes, George W. Powers, Chas. H. 

Nason. 
Post 16. Commander .Tames 0. Smith, John L. Rice, .John L. Knight, 

Fred L. Perry, George Smitli. 
Post 17. Commander A L. Shattnck, R. W. Rand. 
Post 18. Commander Ezra Morse, Thomas Taylor 
Post 19. Commander James Cuthburt, John F Bruce, Moses Hoyt, 

George A. Sawyer. 
Post 20. Commander Geo. H. Carpenter, Henry A. Howard. 
Post 21. Commander Theodore Leutz, Philip Wachter. 
Post 22. Commander B. H. Montague, Geo. L. Maynard. 
Post 23. Commander Eben B. Lincoln, Wm. H. H. Emmons, George 

A. Butler, Geo. E. Harrington. 
Post 24. Not represented. 
Post 25. Geo. M. Rice. 

Post 26. Commander Wm. M. Olin, Jediah P. Jordan, John E. Killian. 
Post 27. Commander Leonard E. Thayer, J. E. Nichols. 
Post 28. Commander H. O. Sawyer, W. L. G. Haskins. 
Post 29. Commander John H. Whelon, James H. Fisher. 
Post 30. Commander Edward J. Dolan, P. Allen Lindsey, W. T. Alden. 
Post 31. Commander A. A. Seaverns, Thomas F. Bailey. 
Post 32. Commander A. C. Belcher, James A. Kelly. 
Post 33. Commander Charles H. Harding, B. F. Whittemore, Albert 

P. Barrett. 
Post 34. Commander J. Frank Dalton, James Arrington, James H. 

Anderson, William L. Welch, Lewis R. Pratt, John 

O'Connell. 
Post 35. Commander Chas. O Fellows, H. T. Holmes, G. W. Marsh, 

H. Hinckley, G. H. Buck, C A. Merriam 
Post 36. Horace Durgin. 
Post 37. Commander Jarvis H. Jones, Walton Livermore, James A. 

Black. 
Post 38. J. M. Bellows. 
Post 89. Commander John F. Hogan, .\ndrew C. Stone, Moses F. 

Hutchins, C U. Bell, David S. Crockett, John Upham, ,Jr. 
Post 40. Commander E. E. Currier, Thos. E. Barker. 
Post 41. Commander C. H. Watson 
Post 42. Commander Charles W. Sleeper, E. W. Thompson, C. H. 

Richardson, J. P. Maxfield, F. B. Peabody, H. W. Allen. 
Post 43 Commander A. M. Page, R. D. S. Mortimer, J. R. McGrillis. 
Post 44. Commander S. F. Draper, Francis Wright, George Cantello. 
Post 45. Commander Charles H. Parsons, D. S. Watson. 
Post 46. Commander Frank McGraw, Edward 0. Driscoll, John H. 

Abbott, Joseph E. Nye 
Post 47. Commander Chas. E. Peabody, A. M. Tilton, J M. Davis, 

E. G. W. Cartwright, D. S. Kimball. 
Post 48. Commander John Q A. McCollister, John H. Sprague. 
Post 49. Commander Daniel B. Whiting, Philip H. Creasey, Thomas 

E. Cutter, J. Albert Mills, Daniel M. Felch, Caleb P. 

Davis. Jr. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



Post 50. 

Post 51. 
Post .52. 
Post 53. 
Post 54. 
Post 55. 
Post 56 
Post 57. 
Post 58. 

Post 5Jt. 
Post 00. 
Post Gl. 
Post G2. 
Post 63. 
PO.ST 64. 
Post 65. 
Post 66. 

Post 67. 
Post 68. 

Post 69. 
Post 70. 
Post 71. 
Post 72. 
Post 73. 
Post 74. 
Post 75. 

Post 76. 
Post 77. 
Post 78. 
Post 79. 
Post 80. 
Post 8 1 . 
Post 82. 

Post 83. 
Post 84. 
Post 85. 
Post 86 
Post 87. 
Post 88. 
Post 89. 

Post 90. 

Post 91. 
Post .92. 
Post 93. 
Post 94. 
Post 95. 
Post 96 
Post 97. 
Post 98, 
Post 99 



F. Hobart. 



Commander Windsor M. Ward, William II. Hildretb, George 

B. Miller, John J. Sheehan. 
Commander .Tohn S. Cooke, Osborn Gallup. 
George G. Smith. ,„.,,, 

Commander T. J. Ames, S. F. Maynard, S. A. Meads. 
Commander .John L. Bruce, S. E Chamberlam. 
Edsrar G. Blandin. 

Commander Wm. H. Eveleth, James E Barrows. 
Commander J. F. Capelle, Otis S. Brown, W. F. Marks. 
Chas. :W. Hastings, Chas. S. Redmond, Geo. A. Gushing, 

David Dunbar. 
Commander A. H Melendy, A. H. Newhall. 
Commander George W. Nason, George E. Lovejoy. 

A. K. SnoAV, John M. Clarke 

Commander U W. Downs. 

Commander Frank P. Simonds, D. H. L Gleason. 

Commander Louis L. Stone. 

Commander Amos Bliss. J H. Goodhue. 

Commander John S. Beck, George L. Goodale, J. Henry 
Eames. 

Commander Henry T. Bingham, Edwin P. Stanley. 

Commander Herbert S Cole, Chas. B. Fox, Wm. C. Cumings, 
S. A. Gushing, Jr. 

Not represented. 

Commander Rodney D. Loomis, H 

Geo. H. Smith, Geo. E.Whitaker. 

Luther S Bryant, John Mills. , r^ o *. i 

Commander A H. Wright, John W. Sproul, T. S. Atwood. 

John W. Wheeler, E. T. Harvell. ^ ^ o-„ t 

Commander L. P. Benton, C K. Johnson, T. C. Silke, James 
O. Laughlin. 

Commander John Shannon, Benj. A. Hathaway, S C. Wright. 

Commander Isaac Damon, J. H. Gleason. 

Commander Timothy Reed, Chas D. Nash, William K. Vining. 

Commander Peter Snyder, E. O. Wiley, F. H. Fleming. 
Commander Chas. P. Winslow, Louis J. Elwell. 

George E. Teele. ,,. ^ , 

Commander Samuel B. Hidden, Jr., Beiij. Pitman, Joseph 

Bartlett. 
Commander R. C. Waterman. 
Not represented. „ ,, i 

Commander Chas. E. Woodward, George S. IVIarsh. 
Not represented. 

Commander Henry A. Monk, E. S. Dean. 
Commander Isaac M. Holt, William P. ISIartin 
Commander William H. Morgan, John W. Mcknight, James 

Maguire. ^. , 

Commander George W. Kenney, AViUiam T. Damon. Timothy 

D. Crowley. 
A. L. Bundy. ^ ^ , . 

Commander A. B. Collier, Thomas L. Perkins. 
Commander G. R. Pierce. 

John D. Billings. ^ ^^ , „ 

Commander James IT. Boyce, Chas. A. Newhall. 
Commander D. M. Bailey, F. M. Harrington. 
Not represented. 
Not represented. 
Commander Peter D. Smith, A B. Cutter. 



6 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., U.A.R. 

Post 100. Not represented. 

Post 101. Commander Chas. F. Payne, N. E. Ladd. 

Post 102 James W. Fletcher. 

Post 103. Commander C. H. Tracy, Chester H. Bullard. 

Post 101. Commander I. Frank Goodwin, Peter N. Spragiie. 

Post 105 George S. Ball. 

Post 106. Not represented. 

Post 107. Commander H. R. Stoughtou, William Holbrook. 

Post 108. Not represented. 

Post 109. Not represented 

Post 110. Commander William A Croak, John Mahony. 

Post 111. Commander Henry H. Collamore, Sylvanus Shedd. 

Post 112. Commander Alpheus Thomas, Frank Dyer. 

Post 113. Commander T. R Mathews, A. N Sampson. 

Post 114. Commander Chas. 0. Roberts, Alex. Smart. 

Post 115. Commander M P. Palmer, Chas. Blood. 

Post 116. John D Edgell. 

Post 117. Jonathan G. Wight. 

Post 118. Commander W. G. Earp, John R Merritt. 

Post 119. Not represented. 

Post 120. Commander Chas H. Coburn, C. F Uraun, G. C. Bassett, 

J. S. D'Evelyn. 

Post 121. Commander Geo. L. Eldridge, David W. Lewis, George H. 

Wood. 

Post 122. Commander M. M. Dennett, L. F. Currier. 

Post 123. Commander James Oliver, Charles E. Taft. 

Post 124. Not represented. 

Po.'^T 126. F. L Wheelock. 

Post 127. Commander Charles Atwood, Josiah G. Cook. 

Post 128. Commander Leach Clark. 

Post 131, Commander R. H. Newton, J. D. CogswelL 

Post 134. G. W. Johnson. 

Post 135 Commander Hammond W. Paige, Samuel Jordan. 

Post 136. Not represented. 

Post 139. Commander Martin Binney, John M. Woods. 

Post 142. Commander Chas H. Fnlfer, N. S. Robinson, E. P. Simpson. 

Post 143. Commander T. W. Clements, W. Y Gross. 

Post 144. Not represented. 

Post 145. Commander Edward W. Rhodes, Fred L. LeBarron. 

Post 148. Commander Wm. A. Suoav. 

Post 149. Commander Wm. H. Seymour, D. D. Pike. 

Post 151. Commander Ephraim Bailey. 



The next business was the reports of the Department 
officers, commencing with the address of the Department Com- 
mander, George W. Creasey, as follows: — 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 7 

ADDRESS OF 
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER GEORGE W. CREASEY. 

Comrades: I do not propose to commence my report by 
reminding the sensitive natures before me that another year has 
passed, another milestone on the road of time has been left behind 
us ; for, however conscious we may be of the fact and however 
much the faded jiotvers of the past remind us of the sad havoc 
time is making among the human race, yet there are some of our 
number who delude themselves with the idea that with them time 
is at a standstill and that nature in its solemn round has been 
defrauded. 

We are again assembled as comrades of the Grand Army to 
review our labors for the past year and to make such provision 
for the year upon which we have just entered as will enable us to 
exemplify in the fullest degree the great value of our organization 
and to awaken in us a renewed friendship for each other, a 
greater charity for those who look to us for encouragement and 
support, and a stronger loyalty to the government under which we 
live and for which so many of our associates freely gave their lives. 

In presenting to you the present condition of the Department, 
I shall endeavor to do so in as clear and concise a manner as 
possible, that whatever questions you may be called upon to dis- 
cuss or legislate, you may do so understandingly and in such a 
manner as will be of permanent benefit to the Department. 

There are several questions of importance that were referred 
by the last annual Encampment to the present Department 
officers, the first of which was the petition presented by my 
immediate predecessor to our State Legislature, asking that 
Memorial Day be made a legal holiday. The petition was favor- 
ably reported upon by the Military Committee of the Legislature 
to whom it was referred. The bill passed and on the eighth day 
of March last the Governor of the Commonwealth approved the 
same by affixing his official signature to the bill. The pen used 
by his Excellency in performing this act he has presented to the 
Department in the following words: " With this pen was signed 
the bill making Memorial Day a legal holiday. It is presented to 
the Department of Massachusetts, Grand Army of the Republic, 
in response to whose petition the bill was enacted." Later his 
Excellency announced the action of the Legislature and called 
upon the people of the Commonwealth to observe the day by the 
following proclamation : — 

Whkreas, At the recent session of the Legislature, the thirtieth 
day of May in each year, beini? the clay set apart for the decoration of 
the <j;raves of deceased soldiers and sailors, and known as Memorial 
Day, was made a legal public holiday ; and Avhereas, this is the first year 
in which it is so by law ; 



8 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Now, Therefore, I call atteution to its observance. Let us reap 
as they sowed, not war, but peace ; not hate, but love ; not discord and 
chains, but Union and Liberty. Let us scatter their graves Avith the 
everlasting not the cypress. So through tears shall unbend the rainbow. 

" With malice toward none, with charity for all," with firmness in 
the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the 
work we are in ; to bind up the nation's wound ; to care for him who' 
shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphans ; to do 
all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among our- 
selves and with all nations. 

Given at the Executive Chamber this twentieth day of May, in the 
year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one. 

JOHN D. LONG. 
By his Excellency the Governor, 

Hexry B. Peirce, 

Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

It has been said of Memorial Day that there is a falling off 
in the enthusiasm. This is natural where a great event recedes 
into the past and a younger generation forgets what was vivid to 
their fathers ; but the making of the day a legal holiday, the 
proclamation by the governor, the general suspension of business 
throughout the Commonwealth, the joining in the service of manj' 
who have been deprived of the privilege by the demand of labor, 
the united observance of the day by the Posts of Suffolk County, 
made our last Memorial Day a memorable one. Let our interest, 
comrades, in the services commemorated to the memory of our 
departed associates be renewed and strengthened with each 
recurring year, that those who follow us on the stage of life may 
be continually reminded of the patriotism, devotion and self- 
sacrifice of those who preserved in the days of rebellion what our 
fathers so heroically contended for and established in the days of 
the Revolution. 

The recommendation of the Council of Administration, as 
contained in paragraph" B " of their report of last year, that the 
delegates to the National Encampment secure if possible the 
repeal of Sections 3 and 4, Article IV., Chapter V., of the Rules 
and Regulations, and the inserting of a new section to the effect 
that a comrade may be suspended and may be dropped, instead 
of shall 6e, was presented to the National Encampment through 
the Committee on Rules, Regulations and Ritual. The report of 
the committee being adverse to the proposed change, the Encamp- 
ment refused to make the alteration. 

PENSION CLAIIIS. 

Immediately after the last Department Convention, quite a 
number of articles appeared in the daily papers of Boston, giving 
the history of various pension claims and illustrating the delays 
in the Pension Office at Washington in the settlement of pensions. 



q 

SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

John A. Andi-ew Post 15 of this Department, anxious to be 
of service to those who are justly entitled and greatly ni need of 
?he pension allowed by the government, adopted a senes of reso 
unions eallincr attention to the unsatisfactory working of the 
PensSn Ottice, a copy of which they fonvarded to Department 
Headquarters, as well as to each Post in the Department. 

At about the same period circulars were being sent through 
the country by the then Commissioner of Pensions, showmg the 
vastTcumulaLn of claims at the Pension Ortice and the insuth- 
dent means at his disposal of settling the f^^J^^^^^^ 
able lime. In response to the resolutions of Post 1. , foity-thiee 
Posts ithis Department forwarded memorials to the President, 
requesti^o him to urge upon Congress the necessary legislation to 
S the difficulty. The Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army 
Tent circulax^ throughout the country recommendmg a petition 
ask no for the passage of the bill known as the ' «^--ty Sjirgeon 
Bill ''" The Suffolk County Grand Army Association sent though 
Us Pension Committee a delegation to the Department Com- 
mander, urging upon him to send a delegation to Washington to 
?^-ther if possible some measure of relief. Deeming the mattei 
o sufficient importance and remembering Jhe -soUUion adopted 
at the last Department Convention to the effect, That the 
Commander of this Department be instructed to forward a memo- 
Sato the President and Congress of the United States, urgurg 
the immediate passage of such laws as shall be effectual in settling 
as s3ilv as possible the just claims of pensioners and prevent- 
inV d fiLdulent claims," the Council of Aclministration wa 
coin^ned and at an adjourned meeting held to consider the 
sub ect it was unanimously voted that a delegation be sent to 
WaihVnoton. The delegation, consisting of the Department 
Commander, the Department Senior Vice-Commander Benj b. 
Loveu! Comrade Charles A. Stott of the Council ot Administra- 
t^^r^nd Comrade E. B. Loriug of Post lo, proceeded at once 
{nVaTl gZ: wL.-e they we-e ioioed by .be Medica, .M.ec.ov 
nf the Deoartment, Comrade Azel Ames, Jr. Ihe delegation 
Is corSy recei;ed by the Commissioner of Tensions, who 
rnormed thJm that they' were the /r.s. ^'epresenta tive body of 
soldiers who had ever visited Washington in the interest of the 
pensioLr Every opportunity was afforded them by the com- 
mTssione to become familiar with the working of his office and to 
rierand the reasons for the great and in very many instance 
unnecessary delays in the settlement of claims. It ^as found bj 
Tcareful examination of the report of the commissioner, as well 
as by in onnation from him, that there were at that time thirty- 
one thousand unsettled claims on ^le at the Pension Office, that 
were nresented between the years of 1861 and i860. 

In consultincr with the members of the Pension Committee 
as wen as wrCongressmen who had given the subject much 



10 HISTOKY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

thought and altention, it was found that the members of Congress 
themselves were at a loss for a remedy of the evil ; that the 
subject needed discussion in Congress, and that the only thing 
that could be done at that session in Congress was to secure as 
large an appropriation as possible for additional clerical force in 
the three departments affected by the pension claim, namely, the 
Adjutant-General's, the Surgeon-General's and the Pension Office. 
The delegation interviewed and urged senators to take part in the 
discussion then going on in the Senate. They followed the 
appropriation bill through the committee until its final passage by 
both houses of Congress. By that bill a very large additional 
working force to the three departments above named was made. 

That the sending of such a delegation to Washington was of 
benefit to the unfortunate soldier who has been patiently waiting 
for years for what be should in many instances have received 
with but little delay, I am clearly convinced of. No public 
question interests the disabled soldier and sailor more than that 
of pensions ; for in thousands of families throughout our country 
its payment by the national government is looked upon as a 
sacred legacy, and indeed, in many instances is the only resource 
had for comfort and support. 

The payment of millions of dollars annually by the national 
government and a probable increase in both the number of pen- 
sions and the annual appropriations by Congress to meet the 
unsettled claims, have caused many to distrust the soldier and 
in too many instances to regard the applicant for a pension as 
one who is willing to take from the government all that could be 
got, even at the sacrifice of honor and principle. The cry of 
fraud has been so often repeated that we are almost forced to 
believe that it is the rule and not the exception with the claimant. 
The Arrearages Act, a m.easure conceived and persistently advo- 
cated by the claim agent at Washington and not by the soldier, is 
responsible for this unjust belief and criticism. That unworthy 
claims have been urged and finally allowed by the department is 
not strange, for there can be found among all classes selfish and 
unscrupulous men ; but when we remember that the army of the 
Union numbered nearly two and one-half millions of men, that 
the number killed and wounded aggregated two hundred and 
eighty thousand, and the number discharged for disability 
amounted to two hundred and eighty-five thousand men, there 
cannot be among the two hundred and seventy thousand pensions 
of all descriptions now on the rolls, including thirty-five thousand 
dollars paid to the survivors of the War of 1812, a very large 
percentage of fraudulent claims. 

Let the government, through officers in each Congressional 
district, come directly in contact with the claimant ; let the 
departments at Washington, that have the complete record of the 
soldier and sailor from the day he was mustered into the service 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 11 

of the government to the time of his discharge, and that now 
positively refuse to furnish any portion of it to the claimant, be 
authorized to provide all desired information ; indeed, let some 
such bill as that presented by Senator Blair from New Hampshire, 
who is a member of the Pension Committee, become a law, and 
the chances for fraud will be greatly diminished. 

We can, comrades, through our Grand Army, be of great 
service to the Commissioner of Pensions. If the worthy and 
deserving soldier need our assistance and evidence, it should be 
freely given ; if the unworthy seek it, it should be unhesitatingly 
refused. 

In response to the circular from Department Headquarters, 
dated February 16, asking for a contribution from the Posts to 
pay the expenses of the delegation, S251.25 were received. The 
expenses amounted to $223.77, leaving a balance in the hands of 
the Assistant Adjutant-General of S2-S.08. 

FINANCE. 

The report of the Assistant Quartermaster-General will 
present to you the financial condition of the Department for the 
year ending Dec. 31, 1881. This report, as has been the custom 
for several years, embraces the receipts for the last quarter of 
1880 and the first, second and third quarters of 1881, while that 
of the last quarter of the present term, being larger than for 
several years, will be included in the report of next year. For 
the past few years, owing to the smallness of our numbers and 
the necessary expense of maintaining a Department Headquarters, 
we have been in debt to an amount varying from $300.00 to 
$450.00; this, for a long period, was provided for by borrowing 
from some comrade, until it was thought that, so long as an open 
account was kept with National Headquarters, the indebtedness 
might as well be to them as elsewhere. At the time of the meet- 
ing of the National Fucampment at Indianapolis in June last, the 
several Posts of the Department were indebted to the Department 
for dues and supplies to the amount of $809.35; this increased 
the indebtedness of the Department to National Headquarters, 
until at the time mentioned it amounted to $1,281.49. While 
attending the session of the National Fucampment and after 
consulting with many of the delegates who represented the 
Department, the indebtedness was settled by the Department 
Commander giving a personal note for the amount. The action 
of the Encampment instructing the Adjutant-General not to fill 
requisitions for supplies unless the same be accompanied by the 
money, caused the Department to adopt the same method, which 
has been most gratifying in its results ; the Posts without an 
exception have paid their indebtedness, until, at the present time, 
but $2.G7 are owed the Department from this source. This 



12 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 

prompt settlement, with the reduction of tlie per capita tax from 
six cents to four, and the increase in revenue to the Department 
b}' the additional membership, has enabled us to take up the note 
of $1,281.49 and to say today we are free from debt, with a bal- 
ance of cash and supplies on hand amounting to $"000.00. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

™"^0n the first day of January, 1881, the Department of Massa- 
chusetts consisted of 129 Posts, with an aggregate membership 
of 8,880. During the year one Post, 146 of New Bedford, has 
surrendered its charter, and notwithstanding this and the losses 
by death and suspension, and the constant diminishing in numbers 
of that class of men from whom we can alone recruit our num- 
bers, there are at the present time 138 Posts in the Department, 
with a total membership of 10,252 comrades. This gain of 
twelve Posts, nine absolutely new and three reorganizations, I do 
not attribute to any increased interest or energy on the part of 
the present Department officers over those of previous years, but 
rather the simple result of earnest and faithful labor of the indi- 
vidual comrade to gather into our ranks all who are entitled to 
associate with us as members of our organization. The time has 
not yet arrived when we should look for a decrease in our num- 
bers ; there are still thousands of soldiers and sailors who would 
make good and valuable members among us, and if we will but 
continue to labor, — if the Posts composing the Department would 
carefully canvass the soldiers in their respective localities who are 
not identified with us and properly present to them the influence 
and strength they would give to our noble work and Order by 
joining our ranks, — we can at the expiration of another year see 
still greater improvement in our membership. 

In addition to the Posts constituted during the year, there 
are on file at Department Headquarters applications for charters 
from the towns ot Pittsfield, Med way and Sandwich. These, I 
assure you, would not have been bequeathed to my successor had 
there been sufficient time to have organized the Posts previous to 
the meeting of the Convention. 

soldiers' home. 

Within the past year, through the untiring energy of its pro- 
jectors and the cheerful and hearty co-operation of friends, a 
Home for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors has been purchased, the 
building formally dedicated, and, by the bazaar recently held in 
its interest, a fund amounting to nearly forty- three thousand 
dollars has been established for its maintenance. 

This, comrades, is the work of the Grand Army and its 
friends, and no more noble or worthy object can claim the atten- 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 13 

tiou and the benevolence of our organization than this. And 
w^en this Home shall be filled with the wounded and disable.! 
who can feel that they are not the recipients of charity, bu. are 
rnToyhi the comforte of a home fairly earned by their services 
to tlfeir country,- when the sound of the revedle is heard and as 
the sun rises to adorn the day, the stars and stripes are hoisted; 
wheulhe hill-top shall be dotted with the soldier in the army 
blue with an empty sleeve, perhaps, not young and vigorous, 
but old and infirm; when all who are entitled to admission who 
did service in the army or navy during the War « 1- f be^;- 
can feel that, should misfortune assail them or friends foisake 
?hem, there is still one door open to them, where peace, happiness 
and comfort may be enioyed,- when this shal ^-e been accom- 
Dlished as it will assuredly be within a very short time, then ^^e 
tn say with pride and satisfaction that the Fraternity and 
Charity'of our organization, with the earnest labors of n any 
devoted hearts and hands, is consecrated to a work that wdl be 
remembered in years to come and long after our Order has ceased 
tHxisr^^s theLblest achievement of the citizen soldiers of the 

^''twrid' respectfully suggest as a n.ethod of assisting in 
defraying the annual expenses of the Home, that hereafter on 
h fi'st^lay of January in each year, «- various Posts in the 
Department either contribute an amount per capita, oi donate 
such a sum as their circumstances will permit. 

GRAND ARMY GATHERINGS, CAMP-FIRES, ETC. 

It has been my pleasure during the past year to )?^^^ 
in very many social gatherings of our Grand Army ; and if m 
:s;:nse to some of "the kind -d urgent iinitationsi..^^^^^^^^^^ 
have been obliged to decline, I assure you it has iiot^ been because 
of the location, distance, or the size ot the Post, toi w th a 1 such 
invitations I have considered their acceptance a ^'^^'^^^^^^ 
and have regretted exceedingly when I could not taNOiably 

'''^ The Department has been represented at sixty-four gather- 
ings durino he past year, fifty-six of which I have attended in 
^efson and while I am of the opinion that the interest and use- 
LbieTs'of our organization is g-^^ly promoted by these .at^^^^^^^^ 
cratherinas, where we live over again tor a short penod the scenes 
S the pJsi and renew the friendships of those days .vben we wen 
soldiering together, yet I have at times during he yeai that has 
tu t closed alked myself the question. What is to become of the 
Department Commander? He is human, and unless some prov i- 
S i^ ^ie to pacify his family, the benefit tl- Department w^ 
derive from his continued absence from home will but slightly 



14 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

compensate him for the misunderstandings that may occur iu the 
household. 

I desire to call your attention once again to the subject of 
an encampment of all the Posts in the Department. The State, 
through its Legislature, has granted our organization the use of 
such "camp and garrison equipage as we may desire, and I have 
recently petitioned the Legislature asking for the use of the camp- 
ing ground at Framingham. 

Among the very pleasant and enjoyable visits made by me 
during the summer, were my visits to the camp of the Posts of 
Middlesex County at Tyng's Island, on the Merrimac river ; that 
of the Posts of Plymouth County at Brant Kock, on the South 
Shore, near Marshfield, and that of the Posts of Essex County 
at Balche's Grove, Grovelaud. Since the formation of County 
associations these annual gatherings have become quite popular 
with the comrades and are looked forward to with much interest 
and pleasure as a means of bringing together old associates and 
renewing the friendships of bye-gone days. 

The annual encampment of the soldiers of Maine, New 
Hampshire and other States have, for the past three years, been 
most successful, and the expense to the comrades has been so 
greatly reduced as to come within the means of all. The Assist- 
ant Adjutant-General has such facts and figures relating to other 
encampments as will be of benefit to us in arranging for such a 
gathering. I am strongly of the opinion that an encampment 
of the Department, where all the soldiers of the State could be 
invited to participate, and where they could have the privilege of 
meeting their old commanders, would be of great benefit to us as 
an organization and do more than could possibly be done in any 
other manner to increase our numbers. 

JURISDICTION. 

While the Rules and Regulations of our Order are silent 
upon the question of jurisdiction, there are, I think, good reasons 
why it should be observed in this Department. It will be remem- 
bered that in my report of last year as Department Inspector, it 
was shown that nearly fifty per cent of the Posts in the Depart- 
ment numbered less than fifty comrades each. These Posts are 
located in the smaller towns of the Commonwealth and are not, 
generally speaking, in as flourishing a condition as those in the 
cities. It is not encouraging to either the officers or comrades of 
a Post, who are perhaps working earnestly to increase their 
numbers, to have the soldiers of their town admitted to another 
Post. If this is practised to any considerable extent the larger 
and more wealthy Posts will increase in strength to the injury of 
the smaller ones and the number of the Posts in the Department 
will ere long begin to diminish very rapidly. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 15 

I would respectfully suggest that the Convention, by resolu- 
tion, recommend to the Posts in the Department the practice of 
the customar}' rules governing jurisdiction. 

The time is very near at hand when I shall surrender to 
another the honors and responsibilities you so kindly invested me 
with one year ago, and before doing so I desire to express to all 
comrades, whether present or absent, my very great appreciation 
of their many kindnesses to me personally and my thanks for 
their earnest efforts to promote the interests and usefulness of the 
Department. To the officers of the Department and my personal 
staff, who have been so closely associated with me during the 
past year and vvho have expressed, by faithful and continued 
labor, their interest and attachment to the good work of our 
Order, I am greatly indebted; for through their kindness, hearty 
co-operation and prompt response to the demands made upon 
them have the labors of my position been made happy and enjoy- 
able. To the Assistant Adjutant-General I feel we are all 
indebted ; for while it is true that he is compensated for his laboi*s 
to the Department, yet there are very many favors requested and 
expected of him entirel}^ foreign to the duties of his office, that 
not onl}' consume his time but are often a positive inconvenience 
and hindrance. For the past year his duties have been unusually 
laborious, for not only has he performed the work required of 
him in connection with the Department, but, as a labor of love 
and with a desire to promote the success of the Soldiers' Home, 
in which I believe we are all most heartily in sympathy Avith, he 
has labored unceasingly ; and while very manj' are deserving of 
praise, his constant toil from the conception of the bazaar to its 
close, should not be forgotten. 

And now, comrades, I can only express the hope that those 
of us who are soon to give place to others and those of us who 
have alread}' stepped from the responsibilities of office to the no 
less honorable position among our comrades in the ranks, may be 
as interested and as zealous in working for our noble cause out 
of office as we have been in office. Let us falsify for once the 
charge that as officers we were workers, but as comrades we are 
drones. Let us all remember that there are none to take our 
places in the Grand Arui}^ ; what our Order has accomplished in 
the past we ourselves have done ; the good it may do in the future 
we must labor for. 

Let us in our association together as the representatives of 
the loyalty of the citizen soldier of the republic, strive to exert 
such an influence as will teach those who in after years are to 
constitute the body politic of our nation, a greater love of 
country, a clearer and better understanding of the duties and 
responsibilities of citizenship, that in the years to come the prog- 
ress and advancement made through the trials of civil war may 



16 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

1)6 felt and enjoyed by all, aud that our country still marching 
onward aud developing to a more perfect state the possibilities of 
freedom, universal manhood, equal rights and justice to all men, 
may exert such an influence as to make the world better and 
mankind happier. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Deft, op Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1881. 

Department Commander and Comrades : In accordance with 
the requirements of our Order, I have the honor to present here- 
with my sixth annual report, which will cover the affairs of the 
Department for the year ending to date; and in view of the 
fact that I have prepared more elaborate tabulated reports than 
at any time previous, I will not worry you with any preparatory 
remarks, either congratulatory or otherwise, but will at once 
present to you the condition of the Department : — 

Number of Posts, Dec. 31, 1880 129 

" Comrades reported in good standing same date, 8,889 

" Posts, Dec. 31, 1881 137 

" Comrades reported in good standing same date, 10,252 

A clear gain in membership for the year, of ... . 1,363 

The above gain, by quarters, is shown by the reports to be 
as follows, viz. . — 

First quarter 65 

Second quarter 696 

Third quarter 336 

Fourth quarter 266 

I present herewith a detailed report of the changes that have 
taken place in each Post during the year. This has been compiled 
with much care and I am sure that it will repay perusal, and trust 
it will be considered of sufficient importance to be made a part of 
the proceedings for the year. Realizing that the reading of this 
report might be tiresome, and would consume much valuable 
time, I will not read it unless called for. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



17 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT BY THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL, 
FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 31, 1881. 





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Oct. 14, 1866 
Feb. ''6 1880 


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Jan. " 1867 


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April 13, 1867 
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July 1, 1867 
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Aug. 16 1867 


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Jan. 22, 1868 
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*Not organized, t Organized Feb. 22, 1881. {Organized May 26,1881. 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ADJUTANT-GENERAL— Co)iiiH«efZ. 





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1 


1 


Mch. 20, 1869 

t 


81 


1 


18 
4 






3 

1 


IG 




19 
10 


Dec. 20, 1S71 


82 

83 


2 




Mch. 29, 1880 
April 29, 1869 
April 17, 1872 
May 12, 1869 
May 26, 1860 


84 

85 




4 




1 
1 


1 


5 




1 

2 
4 
16 
65 
21 
2 
5 
1 


8fi 




1 
2 

17 
42 
21 




2 
3 

8 
59 
19 




87 






1 
5 
1 
1 


June 2, 1869 


88 
89 
90 
91 


11 

14 

3 

1 

3 

10 

1 


2 
"3" 


1 
5 
1 


2 
"2" 


June 4, 1869 
June 5, 1869 
June 8, 1869 
June 12, 1869 


9? 








5 




Nov. 12, 1873 


93 


>2 


15 






1 


June 15, 1869 


94 










June 24. 1869 


95 






1 






11 

1 
1 




12 
3 

1 


June 4, 1869 


96 




2 

7 
1 

i 
2 

"3 " 

1 




2 


June 28, 1869 


97 


27 








Nov. 23, 1872 


98 








Aug. 3, 1877 

t 
Feb. 1, 1877 


99 

ion 


55 
21 

5 

9 
16 

8 
29 
27 
28 

5 


1 
3 

2 


1 




1 


■9" 

(; 

4 

22 




2 
9 

8 
24 


101 
102 
103 
104 


'"2" 


1 

1 
1 


...... 

1 


July 16, 1869 
April 3, 1879 
Oct. 27, 1879 
July 29, 1869 


105 














106 














IT 


107 


1 


"is" 














II 


108 








22 




22 
1 

16 
2 
4 

10 

1 

6 
1 

8 


Aug. 18, 1869 
Oct. 11, 1869 


loq 






i 
4 
1 


110 






30 


30 

1 






12 




Oct. 29, 1869 


in 


1 






1 


Oct. 29, 1869 


11? 






4 
9 




Nov. 1, 1869 


113 


5 

1 


1 
1 


1 


7 
2 


1 






Dec. 18, 1S69 


114 




2 
1 


Dec. 20, 1869 


115 










July 30, 1874 
Dec. 30, 1869 
Jan. 3, 1870 


116 
117 


12 




12 

2 

■ 2 


24 
2 
9 




2 


4 

1 

8 




lis 


7 










Jan. 24, 1870 













•Organized May 16, 1881. 
§ Organized July 15 1881. 



t Organized June 18, 1881. 
IT Reorganized Dec. 30, 1881. 



; Organized April 18, 1881. 
I Organized July 18, 1881. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



19 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ADJUTANT-GENERAL— ConfiKwed. 





a 

■S 
s 

o 2 
o — 

dl 


GAIN 


LOSS 


'3 3 

u 

So 

•2 M 




No. 


s 

'Z 

eq 


■2 


4J 
S 

a 
1 

m 

n 
'S 

pa 


a 


Q 

n 


5 
1 

9 M 

35 


n 


4> 

fl 
aj 

CD 

S 


a) 

3 
2 


c 
H 


Date 01 
Chartkr 


119 


17 

ioo' 

32 
55 
12 

"28" 
29 


14 
10 
4 
3 




















17 
105 
114 
40 
58 
19 




1?0 


1 
2 


6 
11 
9 


105 
IS 
16 
15 
12 














«* 


T^l 






2 

"e" 

1 


2 
4 

4 
4 




4 
8 
12 
5 


Mch. 22, 1870 


122 
1?3 


2 


2 

2 


Mch. 23, 1870 


m 


3 
4 




June 7, 1870 


1*^5 






# 


T'fi 




7 
15 


10 
19 








4 
23 




4 
23 


34 

25 


June 12, 1870 


1-^7 












June 11, 1870 


1?8 


■ 










* 


1>9 




1 






















# 


130 






















* 


1S1 


43 






11 


12 






1 


6 




7 


48 


June 21, 1870 


is-^ 










« 


133 


"as" 

17 
11 


1 























* 


^M 






1 
1 


1 






13 




14 


23 
18 
11 


June 29 1870 


13t 










Dec 30, 1873 


136 




















July 1, 1870 


137 


13 


















138 




















* 


VW 


68 


...^.. 


2 


6 


21 




2 


15 




17 


72 


Aug. 18, 1870 


140 




141 




















* 


14? 


35 
52 
46 
68 

"34" 
26 


1 
10 


...... 


2 


6 

1 

1 

14 


1 
1 






2 
9 




3 

10 

1 

2 


38 
43 
46 
80 


Nov 29 1870 


143 






Jan. 24, 1871 


144 


i 




May 22, 1871 
June 6 1871 


145 






4 




•> 




146 


2 
6 








tt 

* 


147 








j 












14S 




1 
6 


3 
12 


1 


1 








2 
15 


35 
23 


May 22, 1872 
Dec 11, 1872 


14«1 






3 


12 




150 










* 


151 


19 


104 














5 




5 


14 


Jan. 10,1874 

















• Organized Oct. 26, 1881. 



* Not organized. tt Disbanded January, 1881. 



20 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Of the 137 Posts comprising the Department, 95 have gained 
in membership, 7 have the same number as one year ago, and 35 
have lost in number. 

The foregoing report shows that the following changes have 
taken place in the membership of the Department during the 
year : — 

Number of comrades gained by muster-in . . . 1,796 
'' " " transfer .... 141 

"- " " reinstatement . . 1,439 



Total gain 3,376 

Number of comrades lost by death 110 

" " honorable discharge . 48 

" •' transfer . . ". . 201 

"• " suspension . . . .1,641 

" " dishonorable discharge, 1 

" •' disbanding of Post 146, 12 



Total loss 2,013 



Excess of gains over losses 1,368 

Number of rejections during the year 60 



Only one Post has surrendered its charter during the year, 
viz.. Post 146 of New Bedford. This Post was composed of 
colored comrades and consequently had a small and limited 
membership, and against gi'eat odds they struggled manfully for 
an existence, but without avail. It is to be hoped that these 
comrades will not be lost to the Order and I think I express the 
wish of the mass of the comrades of this Department when I hope 
that the mother Post of the Department will take such as are 
worthy within her membership and thus illustrate " the broad 
foundation stone on which our Order rests." 

Two Posts have been reconstructed during the year, viz., 41 
of Westfield and 97 of Belchertown. These two Posts, through 
misfortune and the changes in business and population, ceased to 
make their reports in 1878, and the Department officers of that 
and succeeding years had allowed them to retain their books and 
charters, with the expectation on one hand and the promise on 
the other, that they would " come out all right," and so it proved ; 
they each paid the per capita tax for ten quarters and both have 
over four times as many members today as they started with six 
months ago, and with them it is clearly proven that nothing 
" succeeds like success." 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 21 

Post 106 of Rockport has been reorganized with its original 
name and number and while it is the baby Post of the year, — 
having been reorganized on December oO, — I believe tliat it will 
be of credit to itself and the Department. 

Eight new Posts have been organized as follows : — 

Post 21 . . . . Boston. Post 99 . . . . Andover. 

" 36 . . . . Arlington. " 105 .... Upton. 

" 60 . . . . Franklin. " 107 . . . . Palmer. 

" 80 . . . . Westboro. " 120 . . . . Lowell. 

These Posts were started under favorable auspices and with 
a membership varying from 22 to 105. 

MISSIONARY WORK. 

I beg your indulgence for a moment while I refer to the 
missionary work that has been done in the Department during the 
past year. In the early spring a circular was prepared, con- 
cisely giving the reasons why the Grand Army was in existence, 
what it existed for, what it had done, and what it hoped to 
accomplish. A blank was also prepared which was forwarded 
with a circular letter to the town clerk in over sixty of the large 
towns of the Commonwealth, where there were no Posts of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, asking for the names of at least 
six of the most prominent ex-soldiers or sailors of the town, 
regardless of wealth, politics or religion, and in nearly every 
instance the information was cheerfully given. To the addresses 
thus obtained the missionary circulars, together with blank appli- 
cations for charter, were sent, and out of that grew a call for 
information regarding the Grand Army of the Republic. This 
was readily given, in many instances by personal visits, but more 
generally by correspondence, and out of that has grown the 
interest in the Order from all sections of the State, as shown not 
only by the new Posts and by the applications for charter for at 
least three more now on file and awaiting muster, but b}' the 
anxious inquiries relative to other new Posts and the prospect of 
speedy organization. I believe that but a little Avork will be 
necessary to restore the membership of the Department to the 
number reached in its palmiest days, and certainly the vacant 
numbers on our Roster can be filled and the end referred to 
attained, previous to May 30. 

COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR WORK. 

I desire again to put myself on record as having much faith 
in county organizations when properly conducted, as those in this 
State are today. They may be made the mediums of increasing 



22 HISTORY UEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

our growth ; but, best of all, they present an opportunity for the 
illustration and extension of what must be the main corner-stone 
of our existence, viz., fraternity. 

I would urge the immediate organization of a county organi- 
zation wherever one does not exist, as by so doing Posts and 
comrades may become better acquainted and not only exchange 
plans for promoting the growth and interest of the Posts, but 
also see to it that every town and village in such county is repre- 
sented in our Order wherever an efficient number of eligible 
persons may be found. There are many towns in this Common- 
wealth where we should have a branch of our organization, and 
basing my calculations on having a Post in every town of 2,000 
inhabitants or over, — and there are a number of good Posts in 
towns of less than that number, — the following summary by 
counties may be interesting : — 

Barnstable County has no Post within her limits, but she has 
eight towns large enough for our needs. We have just received 
an application for a charter from Sandwich and one partially 
promised from Harwich. 

Berkshire County has two Posts, with a membership of 73. 
Pittsfield has just moved in the matter and decided to organize 
and there is room for at least eight more. 

Bristol County has six Posts, with a membership of 588, and 
there ought to be at least three more Posts within her borders. 

Essex County has twenty-one Posts, with a membership of 
2,481. There is still room for more Posts and a consequent gain 
in membership. 

Franklin County has four Posts with a membership of 150. 
The number of Posts might be doubled without exhausting all the 
material. 

Hampden County has 444 comrades in five Posts, and that 
record might also be doubled. 

Hampshire County is struggling along with 76 comrades in 
two Posts, where there should be at least eight Posts. 

Middlesex County has twenty-seven Posts, but the total 
number of comrades is' 1,875. Five new Posts should be created 
here without delay. 

Norfolk County has a membership of 750, distributed 
through thirteen Posts ; a little effort would carry the number of 
comrades to 1,000 or 1,200 and increase the Posts by six. 

Plymouth County has a Post in every town of 2,000 inhabi- 
tants and over, but there is need of more earnest work in Posts, 
so that the membership of the thirteen Posts will aggregate more 
than 746, as at present. 

Suffolk County has fourteen Posts, with a membership of 
1,363. Considering the vast population, it is fair to assume that 
there should be at least 5,000 comrades in this great center. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 23 

Worcester County closes the list with the largest number of 
Posts, viz., thirty, and the third largest number of comrades, 
v'z., 1,7C6. There should be at least five or six more Posts, 
with a large proportionate increase in membership. 

Therefore it will be seen that a little earnest work by com- 
rades, as well as officers, will double our present membership and 
add at least fifty Posts to our Department. 

I submit herewith the condition of the organization V)y 
counties, giving the Posts numerically and the date of charter of 
each : — 



24 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES. 



BERKSHIKE COUNTY. 



No. 
Mems. 



Date of 
Charter. 



Post. 

79, North Adams, 39, Mar. 20, 1869 

12(i, Adams, 34, June 12, 1870 

Total — Posts, 2 ; members, 73. 

BRISTOL COUNTY'. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 



No. 
Mems. 



Date of 
Charter. 



Post. 

85, Ware, 33, May 12, 1869 

97, Belchertowu, 43, Nov. 23, 1872 

Total — Posts, 2; members, 7G. 



1, 


New Bedford, 


140, 


Oct. 


14 


1866 




iUlJJUl.liJBJi.^ 


.. ut 


JUJNTY. 






3, 


Taunton, 


161, 


Jan. 


2 


1867 


4, 


Melrose, 


56 


Feb. 


19 


1867 


46, 


FaU River, 


125, 


Jan. 


22 


1868 


<>, 


Holliston, 


53 


March 8 


1867 


52, 


South Easton, 


51, 


Feb. 


29 


1868 


9, 


Hudson, 


45 


May 


27 


1867 


55, 


Taunton, 


31, 


Feb. 


5 


1872 


12, 


Wakefield, 


138 


Aug. 


16 


1867 


145, 


Attleboro, 


80, 


June 


6 


1871 


18, 


Ashland, 


40 


Aug. 


12 


1867 




Total — I'osts, 6: 


members, 588. 




29, 


Waltham, 


74 


Oct. 


21 


1867 














30, 


Cambridge, 


93 


Oct. 


23 


1867 




ESSEX 


COUNTY. 






33, 


Woburn, 


94 


Nov. 


6 


1867 


5. 


Lynn, 


607, 


Feb. 


27 


1867 


36, 


Arlington, 


40 


May 


26 


1881 


34, 


Salem, 


266, 


Nov. 


15 


1867 


40, 


Maiden, 


71 


Oct. 


1 


1873 


.39, 


Lawrence, 


279, 


Dec. 


10 


1867 


42, 


Lowell, 


196 


Jan. 


15 


1868 


45, 


Gloucester, 


77, 


Jan. 


21 


1880 


43, 


Marlboro, 


113 


Jan. 


15 


1868 


47, 


Haverhill, 


176, 


Jan. 


28 


1868 


48, 


Ayer, 


30 


Jan. 


18 


1868 


49, 


Newburyport, 


218, 


Feb. 


17 


1868 


56, 


Cambridge, 


69 


June 


26 


1868 


50, 


Peabody, 


129, 


April 


28 


1879 


57, 


Cambridge, 


79 


June 


29 


1868 


67, 


Manchester, 


26, 


Sept. 


29 


1868 


62, 


Newton, 


76 


July 


21 


1868 


82, 


Marblehead, 


95, 


Mar. 


29 


1880 


63, 


Natick, 


49 


July 


23 


1880 


89, 


Beverly, 


117, 


June 


5 


1869 


66, 


Medford, 


91 


Aug. 


21 


1868 


90, 


Danvers, 


91, 


June 


8 


1869 


75, 


Stoneham, 


103 


Dec. 


15 


If 69 


95, 


Saugus, 


23, 


June 


4 


1869 


81, 


Watertown, 


37 


Dec. 


20 


1871 


99, 


Andover, 


•54, 


April 


18 


1881 


86, 


Maynard, 


21 


May 


26 


1869 


100, 


Methuen, 


"3, 


Feb. 


1 


1877 


115, 


Groton, 


40 


July 


30 


1874 


101, 


Groveland, 


51, 


July 


16 


1869 


119, 


Lexington, 


17 








106, 


Rockport, 


27, 


Dec. 


30 


1881 


120, 


Lowell, 


105 


Oct. 


26 


1881 


108, 


Georgetown, 


31, 


Aug. 


18 


1869 


139, 


Somerville, 


72 


Aug. 


18 


1870 


114, 


Merrimac, 


56, 


Dec. 


20 


1869 


142, 


Framingham, 


38 


Nov. 


29 


1870 


118, 


Swampscott, 


31, 


Jan. 


24 


1870 


148, 


Winchester, 


.35 


May 


22 


1872 


122. 


Amesbury, 


40, 


Mar. 


23 


1870 




Total — Posts, 27 


me 


mbers. 


,87 


>• 


151, 


West Newbury, 


14. 


Jan. 


10 


1874 
















Total — Posts, 21 


. members. 2.48 


1. 




























NORFOLK 


CO 


UNTY. 








FRANKLIN 


COUNTY'. 






.58, 


Weymouth, 


192 


July 


2 


1868 


17, 


Orange, 


56, 


Aug. 


9 


1867 


60, 


Franklin, 


30 


May 


16 


1881 


20, 


Colerain, 


25, 


March 4 


1875 


72 


Stoughton, 


35 


Nov. 


13 


1868 


84, 


South Deerfleld 


20, 


April 


17 


1872 


87, 


Braintree, 


30 


June 


2 


1869 


93, 


Shelburne Falls 


49, 


June 


15 


1869 


88, 


Quincy, 


60 


June 


4 


1869 




Total — Posts, 4; 


members, 150. 




91, 


Foxboro, 


30 


June 


12 


1869 














94, 


Canton, 


62 


June 


24 


186:) 




HAMPDEN 


COUNTY. 






102, 


Milton, 


52 


April 


3 


1879 


16, 


Springfield, 


244, 


Aug. 





1867 


110, 


Randolph, 


36 


Oct, 


29 


1869 


41, 


Westfield, 


42, 


Jan. 


9 


1868 


117, 


Medtield, 


20 


Jan. 


3 


1870 


VI, 


Holyoke, 


73, 


Nov. 


25 


1868 


121, 


Hyde Park, 


114 


Mar. 


22 


1870 


103 


Chicopee, 


.56, 


Oct. 


27 


1879 


143, 


Brookline, 


43 


Jan. 


24 


1871 


107, 


Palmer, 


29, 


July 


18 


1881 


144, 


Dedham, 


46 


, May 


22 


1871 




Total — Posts, 5; 


members, 444. 






Total— Posts, 13 


; m 


3mbers, 


750 





SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



25 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUl^iTlES — Continued. 





PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 








WOHCESTER COUNTY. 






Pos 




No. 


i> 


ite ■ 


r 


I OS 




No. 


Date of 


:. 


Mom 


Cl 


:irt. 








Mems 


Charte 


r. 


s, 


Middleboro, 


S", 


Mar. 


10, 


1867 


10 


Worcester, 


400, 


April 


13 


18(i7 


13, 


Brockton, 


55, 


July 


1, 


1867 


19, 


Fitchburg, 


1.51, 


Aug. 


16 


1867 


31, 


Scituate, 


.36, 


July 


15, 


1875 


22, 


Milford, 


61, 


Sept. 


19 


1867 


73 


Abingtou, 


!)9, 


Dec. 


23, 


1868 


24, 


Grafton, 


20, 


Sept. 


25 


1867 


"i, 


Rockland, 


102, 


Jan. 


11, 


1869 


25, 


Uxbridge, 


24, 


Sept. 


30 


1867 


76, 


Plymouth, 


.SI, 


Jan. 


19, 


1869 


27, 


Oxford, 


•12, 


Nov. 


12 


1870 


78, 


So. Abington, 


108, 


Jan. 


.30, 


1869 


28, 


West Boylston, 


19, 


Oct. 


12 


1867 


S3, 


Hanover, 


38, 


April 


29, 


1869 


37, 


Spencer, 


102, 


Nov. 


20 


1867 


104 


Hingham, 


66, 


July 


29, 


1869 


38, 


Brookfleld, 


28, 


Nov. 


27 


1867 


111, 


Pembroke, 


33, 


Oct. 


29, 


1869 


44, 


Southboro, 


38, 


May 


17 


1878 


11-2, 


South Scituate, 


27, 


Nov. 


1, 


1869 


51, 


N. Brooklield, 


53, 


Feb. 


28 


1868 


124, 


E. Bridgewater 


19, 


June 


7, 


1870 


.53, 


Leominster, 


90, 


June 


13 


1868 


127, 


Hanson, 


25, 


June 


11, 


1870 


54, 


Berlin, 


24, 


June 


■2 


1868 




Total — Posts, 13 


members, 


"40. 




,59, 


Sterling, 


26, 


July 


3 


1868 














61, 


\Vebster, 


86, 


July 


21 


1868 




SUFFOLK 


COUNTY. 






64, 


Clinton, 


66, 


Aug. 


17 


1868 


•_', 


South Boston, 


113, 


Feb. 


2(5, 


1880 


65, 


Warren, 


44, 


Aug. 


21 


1868 


7, 


Boston, 


145, 


Mar. 


11, 


1867 


69, 


Westminster, 


28, 


Nov. 


9 


1866 


11, 


Charlestown, 


74, 


April 


23, 


18(!7 


70, 


Millbury, 


45, 


Aug. 


3 


1876 


15, 


Boston, 


215, 


Aug. 


•'«, 


1867 


"~, 


Holden, 


2-1, 


Jan. 


19 


18(i9 


21, 


Boston, 


i". 


Feb. 


22, 


ISSl 


80, 


Westboro, 


59, 


June 


18 


1881 


23, 


East Boston, 


,S2, 


Sept. 


1", 


1867 


96, 


Northboro, 


SJ, 


.lune 


28 


1869 


26, 


Roxbury, 


103, 


Oct. 


1, 


1867 


98, 


Princeton, 


18, 


Aug. 


3 


1877 


32, 


South Boston, 


66, 


Nov. 


6, 


1867 


105, 


Upton, 


31, 


July 


15 


1881 


35, 


Chelsea, 


284, 


Nov. 


16, 


1867 


109, 


Templeton, 


18, 


Oct. 


11 


1869 


68, 


Dorchester, 


76, 


Oct. 


s, 


1868 


116, 


Gardner, 


50, 


Dec. 


30 


1869 


;i2. 


Brighton, 


47, 


Nov. 


12, 


1873 


123, 


Athol, 


58, 


June 


1 


1870 


113, 


Boston, 


65, 


Dec. 


18, 


1869 


131, 


Leicester, 


48, 


June 


21 


1870 


134, 


Boston, 


23, 


June 


28, 


1870 


135, 


Shrewsbury, 


IS, 


Dec. 


30 


1873 


149, 


Charlestown, 


23, 


Dec. 


11, 


1872 


136, 


Rutland, 


11, 


July 


1 


1870 




Total — Posts, 14 


members, 


1,363 






Total — Postal, 30 


; members. 


1,7( 


6. 



26 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R 



HEADQUARTERS. 

The volume of business has increased very materially during 
the year, as in fact it has every year since I have been at head- 
quarters, so that there is four or five times as much correspondence 
as there was as many years ago ; and to conduct this correspond- 
ence for the past year it has required twenty-two hundred letter- 
heads, nineteen hundred postal cards, and $136 worth of postage 
stamps. Eleven General Orders, seventy-one Special Orders and 
six Circulars have been issued during the year. 

Now, comrades, with an abiding faith in the glory of our 
organization, with the hope and trust that it shall continue to 
exemplify the three great principles under which we labor, and 
with a grateful appreciation of many favors extended to me 
during the year, I submit this report in Fraternity, Charity and 
Loyalty. 

JAMES F. MEECH, 

Assistant Adjutayit- Getter al. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1881. 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant- Geiieral. 

Comrade : In accordance with the requirements of our Order 
I submit herewith a statement of the doings of the Assistant 
Quartermaster-General's department for the year ending to date. 

receipts. 

1881. Dr. 

Cash on hand as per last report $100 35 

Received for dues, fourth quarter, 1878 .... 1 60 
" " first, second, third and fourth 

quarters, 1879 6 40 

" ■■' first, second and third quarters, 

1880 8 08 

fourth quarter, 1880 .... 712 18 

" " first quarter, 1881 .... 716 32 

" " second quarter, 1881 .... 772 00 

third quarter, 1881 .... 798 88 

" " books and blanks 298 22 

" " badjies 1,181 55 

" " sundries 142 65 

Total receipts .$4,738 23 

Total expenditures 4,705 06 

Balance cash on hand $33 17 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 2i 

EXPENDITURES. 

1881. Cr. 

Paid inspection expenses for 1880 $2 50 

"■ Department Inspector, as per vote of Council 50 00 

" National Headquarters for supplies, badges, 

books, etc 1,475 50 

" National Headquarters for dues -107 03 

" Salary of Assistant Adjutant-General . . - 1,300 00 

" Rent and care of Headquarters 350 00 

" for printing and furnishing (ieneral Orders, 
circulars, rosters, blanks, envelopes, books, 
etc 518 98 

" postage stamps, postal cards and office ex- 
penses 204 32 

" printing Proceedings 70 00 

" missionary work and organizing new Posts 100 32 

" sundi'ies, such as badge ribbon, decorating 
and draping Headquarters, May 30, and at 
death of President Garfield 86 90 

" Inspector's expenses for 1881 79 51 

Total expenditures $4,705 06 

Vouchers No. 401, 413, 461 to 528, 530, 534, 536 cover the above expenses. 

ASSETS. 

Dues received from Posts for fourth quarter, 1881 $820 16 

Due from Posts for sundries 2 64 

Value of supplies on hand 364 00 

" " office furniture .... .... 175 00 

" colors 30 00 

Total assets $1,391 80 

Total liabilities 834 01 



Excess of assets over liabilities $557 79 



LIABILITIES. 

National Headquarters, for supplies $481 48 

" " '• dues 102 53 

.lames F. Meech, as per vote of Encampment of 

1881 200 00 

Inspection expenses, estimated 50 00 

Total liabilities $834 01 



E. T. RAYMOND, 
Assistant Quartermaster- General. 



Approved : 

Charles A. Stott, 
Ben.i. a. Bridges, 
W. A.. Sloane, 

Auditing Committee. 



28 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF INSPECTOR. 



Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1881. 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : I have the honor to submit herewith the report in 
duplicate of the inspections of the Posts of this Department for 
the year ending Sept. 30, 1881. 

At the present time the Department numbers 137 Posts, new 
Posts having been organized during the year, as follows : — 

Post 21 ... Boston. Post 99 ... . Audover. 

"36 ... Arlington. "105 . . . . Upton, 

"60 ... Franklin. " 107 ... . Palmer. 

"80 ... Westboro. "120 . . . . Lowell. 

Post 106 reorganized at Rockport with original number, and 
Posts 41, Westfield, and 97, Belchertown, have been reconstructed. 

Of the 137 Posts in the Department, 128 have been inspected. 

Of the number not visited, two have been organized during 
the last quarter and one was excused at the request of the Com- 
mander, leaving six Posts which have been neglected. 

It is a matter for regret that every Post organized previous 
to September 30 has not been inspected, and it is to be hoped 
that previous to the next annual tour some plan will be devised 
so that no Post will be neglected ; and all comrades detailed as 
Assistant Inspectors who may find themselves unable to perform 
the duties assigned them will be required to notify the Department 
in time to admit of making new arrangements. 

The 128 Posts inspected report 9,955 comrades in good 
standing, being a gain of 1,104 over the Inspector's report of 
last year. 

Twenty-eight Posts are reported to be in excellent condition, 
60 in good condition, 29 in fair condition, and 11 in poor con- 
dition. 

Two Posts in the Department number more than 300 com- 
rades, namely. Post 5 of Lynn, 641, and Post 10 of Worcester, 
385 ; three Posts, 34 of Salem, 35 of Chelsea and 39 of 
Lawrence, number between 250 and 300; four Posts, 15 of 
Boston, 16 of Springfield, 49 of Newburyport and 58 of Wey- 
mouth, number between 200 and 250 ; five Posts number between 
150 and 200; tAvelve Posts number between 100 and 150 ; four- 
teen Posts number between 75 and 100; thirty-one Posts number 
between 50 and 75 ; forty-two Posts number between 25 and 50 ; 
eleven Posts number between 20 and 25 ; four Posts number less 
than 20. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 5^^ 

By this Classification it appears that of the IfJ^f^J^/Jy; 
seven number less than 50 comrades each bemg t.vo less than 
ia«t vpir when five less Posts were mspectecl. 
last year, wueu ^^^^vt Relief Funds amounting ui the 

N netv-nine Posts repoit Kcuei ^ "u*^' ^fciiR-7171 

7. L 9,11 029 60- beina a gain over last year of SU, 821. <1. 

Sue hfmdred and two Posts report «f "I' "'-^.^J"' tv 
for the year ending Sept. 30 1881 amouoUng to S20,.21.6S, 
an increase over last year of i\,i-J.-'^- 

Twenty-six Posts report no expenditure f" '«'«'• .„ 

The largest Relief Fund reported by any Post .s $n,iM.iM, 

'" ''Th?iateJt''a„,ount expended tor relief by any one Post is 

*''"T;e"ntv-flveXts-pay weekly benefits in case of sickness or 
disabmtrS comrades, f'o/tenns It eight weeks or n,ore, averag- 

'"^ 'Sue'p'o^trifof Danvers. pays r2.00 per week in like cases, 
to soFdLrs not members of the Order, for '-"^X^tLd bv 
One hundred and three Posts report 34 muskets ownea j 
Posts Twenty-three Posts report no muskets. 

attended by the largest '•^\>lf''''^^''Zfn^\ioTZ^^ 

-=:S,frc^s^tr^en.L^^^ 

any Post in tbe /unsd^ Uon of '- J-^'" .f ™y "^^ t,e heartiest 

beino- o-iven with a tidelit) lo cieuuib »uiv. 

commendation and which should cause the comrades of that Post 

'° '%rti::^S:^n^^^^!^^ been made during the 
last f^w yt:;"s'have effected '^-^'^'^Z^!^Z^S 

the work ^'"f y ^;«-«'™"^^,„*'' ^Xh tJ such an unvarying 
:Z::d\rsL:id\!tL"rr: the numbers mo. n«.riye,^^^^^ 
From mv experience during tlie past year, and as Assistant 
inspe'cr ii'form'er years, I am convmced ft th^ pro,- - 

'i:ii=foTrur:Ct:e = 

and not during the last quarter. 



30 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



W. L. Rodman 

Dahlgren 

VV. H. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lander 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell. 

E. W. Peirce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

rietclier Webster 

John A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

E. V. Sumner 

H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrich Hecker 

Ma.i. E. F. Fletcher.. 

Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague.. .. 

H. H. Legge 

T. G. Stevenson 

Chas. Devens 

Geo. D. Wells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo. W. Perry 

Washington." 

Burbank 

Phil. H. Sheridan.... 
Theodore Winthrop. 

Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Gen. H. G. Berry 

Lvon 

B". F. Butler 

John A. Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols... 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 

Geo. S. Boutwell 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Chas. H. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings. 

I. D. Paull 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Maj. J. A. Pratt 

Franklin 

Nathaniel Lyon 



141 
111 

160 
61 

641 
53 

152 
57 
52 

385 
74 

137 
57 

211 

234 
55 
42 

152 
23 
42 
61 
85 
20 
21 

101 
37 
21 
72 
95 
36 
57 
94 

262 

264 
42 

103 
27 

269 
73 
31 

198 

111 
39 
64 

115 

179 
34 

212 

126 
54 
50 
95 
24 
30 
65 
79 

205 
26 
27 
83 



2 2 



Yes 
Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 






No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 



I 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y^es 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 



c 



5 j= 



16 Yes 
6 Yes 

12 I Yes 
None; No 



58 
5 
6 
3 
4 
12 
12 
5 
9 
3 
6 
6 
6 
6 



5 
2 

10 
5 
6 
3 
6 
6 
1 
4 
6 

20 



20 
None 
None 

13 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 



None Yes 

None Yes 

2 Yes 



Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



3(2 




a 


2^ 
Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Y'es 


Y'es 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Dutch 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Y'es 


No 


Fair 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Fair 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



31 



Massachusetts G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, i881. 



i 




3 i 


K 


2 


^>. 




c 


■^.. 


c 




•0 


c. 


3 


■21 


el 


■3 <«. 
O c! 


•o 


00 . 

3 & 






3 § 
.2 3 


s = 


'»> = 
Si 




\ 


-O 


»1 ob 


.t:i 


-o 


~ 


O ea 


'gS 




^•s 






ES 




§? 


iJ 2'S 


£ tl g 


"5 - 


3 C 


■S B 


°o 


J4 




ss 


« >> 


«.= 


- ~ 






■a cm 




a-2 


11 


go 


""I 


5| 


ll 


-1 


-2-S 


Ms. 


< 


2 


^ 


K 


< 


< 


< 


"-1 


'- 


X 


Yes 


^ 




Yes None 


None 


Yes 


$100 


$2 00 


Y'es 


$2 00 


Yes 


$851 98 


$154 28 


Excellent 


Yes i None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


No 


No 


Yes 


702 18 


Y'es 


29 75 


Exoellent 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


4 00 


65 


No 


No 


Yes 


1,771 64 


Yes 


230 57 


Good 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


75 


No 


No 


Yes 


25 00 


Yes 


12 00 


Fail- 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


5 00 


75 


Yes 


4 00 


Yes 


11,336 60 


Ves 


2,693 00 


Excellent 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


5 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


17 57 


Yes 


125 00 


Excellent 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


No 




Y'es 


89 50 


Yes 


175 45 


Good 


Yes None 


None 


Y'es 


3 (M) 


75 


No 


No 


Yes 


377 16 


Ves 


22 35 


Good 


Yes None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


1 00 


Yes 


3 00 


Y'es 


1,742 74 


Yes 


122 65 


Excellent 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


119 15 


Ves 


1,318 70 


Excellent 


Yes 
Yes 






Yes 
Yes 


5 00 
1 00 


75 
75 


No 

No 


' No" ' 


Yes 
Yes 


1,767 00 
657 40 


Ves 
Ye .-5 




Poor 


None 


None 


766 66 


Good 


Yes None 


None 


Y^es 


3 50 


75 


No 


No 


Yes 


1,605 91 


Y'es 


480 35 


Excellent 


Yes None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


1 00 


Yes 




Yes 


50 39 


Ves 


189 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


101 67 


Ves 


80 73 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


200 00 






Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


1 00 


75 


No 




Y'es 


4 34 


Ves 


60 89 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


;! 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


2,708 40 


Y'es 


192 21 


Excellent 


Yes 

Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Y'es 

Y'es 


3 00 
2 00 


50 
75 


No 
No 




Yes 


122 41 


Y'es 




Fair 




Yes 


133 00 


Y'es 


50 00 


Good 


Y'es 

Yes 


None 
None 
None 


None 
None 
None 


Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 


3 00 

2 00 
2 00 


75 

1 00 
50 


No 




Yes 


1 O.iO 00 


Yes 




Good 




Yes 
No 


2 08 


Yes 


268 81 
20 00 


Good 


Yes 


No 




Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


15 


No 




Yes 


103 00 


Ves 




Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


10 00 


Yes 


125 66 


Good 


Yes 


6& 7 


3 & 6 


Y'es 


1 (to 


50 


Y'es 


2 00 


Yes 


40 00 


Ves 


43 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


50 


No 





Yes 


138 10 


Y'es 


23 46 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


719 14 


Ves 


121 78 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


;i 00 


1 00 


No 




No 






80 73 


Excellent 


Yes 

Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Yes 
Y'es 


1 00 

1 00 


50 
75 


Yes 

No 


3 00 


Yes 


355 00 1 Yes 




Good 


Y'es 


18 00 Y'es 


23 00 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


565 31 Y'es 


140 88 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


No 




Y'es 


307 34 Y'es 


1,017 19 


Good 








Y'es 
Y'es 


3 00 
3 00 
1 50 


1 00 
1 00 


Yes 
No 


3 66 


Yes 


Yes 


676 37 


Excellent 




None 

None 




Good 


Yes 


None 


Y'es 


38 


No 




Yes 


461 06 Yes 


132 67 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


2.1 


No 




Yes 


179 28 


Y'es 


30 00 


Good 


Yes 
Yes 


None 
No. 4 


None 
None 


Yes 
Yes 


3 00 
2 00 


50 
1 00 


No 
No 




Yes 


4,680 50 
1,237 02 






Excellent 




Y'es 


Yes 


143 55 


Excellent 


Yes 

No 


None 


None 


Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 






No 
Yes 

No 


's'oo' 


No 

Y'es 

Y'es 








Good 


S 00 
2 00 


1 00 
50 


4,219 52 
1,491 37 


Yes 
Y'es 


1,604 88 
30 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Excellent 


Yes 






Yes 
Y'es 


2 00 

3 00 


50 
75 


No 

No 




Yes 
Y'es 


63 25 
160 14 


Ves 
Yes 


1 45 
6 00 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


1 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


94 00 


Yes 


54 50 


Fair 


Yes 
Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Yes 
Yes 


3 00 
2 00 


1 00 
50 


Yes 
No 


3 00 


No 






666 02 


Good 


Yes 


564 30 




73 30 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


50 


Yes 


2 00 


Yes 


7 80 


Yes 


161 30 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


933 97 


Ves 


436 19 


Good 


Yea 


None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


116 93 


Ves 


32 00 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


S & '.) 


Yes 


1 00 


50 


No 




Y'es 


159 87 


Y'es 


125 00 


Good 


Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


None 
None 
None 


None 
None 
None 


Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


3 00 

1 00 

2 00 


50 
25 
(15 


Yes 

No 

No 


3 00 


Yes 
Yes 

Y'es 


654 19 


Yes 




Good 


221 02 


Yes 




Fair 




20 00 


Y'es 


35 38 


Fair 


Yes 


13, 14 


3,4,s,«l 


Yes 


3 00 


1 00 


Yes 


5 00 


Yes 


273 35 


Y'es 


117 63 


Fair 


Yes 


One 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


409 40 


Ves 


224 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


5 (X) 


1 00 


Y'es 


3 00 


Yes 


9,000 00 


Ves 


896 11 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


50 


Yes 


2 00 


Yes 


290 00 


Y'es 


30 00 


Good 


Yes 

Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


1 Yes 
Yes 


1 00 

2 00 


25 
50 


No 














No 




Yes 


279 46 


Y'es 


74 54 


Excelleilt 



32 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Chas. Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S.C.Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 

J. R. Rice 

Geo. A. Custer 

Kllpatrlck 

A. St. John Chambre 

MePherson 

Hartsufl 

J. P. Gould 

Collingwood 

Theron E. HaU 

David A. Russell , 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten , 

John Goodwin, Jr 

[Not inspected.] 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

Henry Wilson. . . 

Gen. "S. Thayer 

Paul Revere 

John H. Chipman, Jr. 

Ward 

E. 1*. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn — 

Ozro Miller 

Revere 

Gen. E. W. Hincks... 

Joe Johnson 

E.J. Griggs 

[Not inspected.] 
Gen. Wm. F. Bartlett. 

Wm. B. Green 

Charles Sumner 

H. F. Wolcntt 

Otis Chapman 

E. Hvimphrey 

J. Orson Fisk 

L. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson 

Oapt. Horace Niles 

[Not inspected.] 

[Not inspected.] 

E. W. Kinsley 

Col. C. R. Mudge 

E. S. Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates 

[Not inspected.] 
Timothy Ingraham... 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker 











■- 






S 


5-S 




.= 


(D S 




H 


^ n 










S .5 


a t: 




'^ 


» ^ 


*p. 


o 5 


"z >, 








Ph 


J- ''' 


^ s 






<B C. 


o 


H " 




c 


3 tie 


-" p. 


62 


76 


" 


Yes 


63 


47 


Yes 


64 


72 


No 


65 


44 


Yes 


66 


88 


Yes 


67 


26 


No 


68 


79 


Yes 


69 


29 


No 


70 


42 


Yes 


71 


76 


No 


72 


31 


No 


73 


96 


Yes 


74 


103 


Yes 


75 


73 


No 


76 


78 


Yes 


77 


24 


No 


78 


100 


Yes 


79 


47 


Yes 


80 


57 


Yes 


81 


34 


Yes 


82 


92 


Yes 


83 






84 


25 


No 


85 


34 


Yes 


86 


20 


No 


87 


32 




88 


65 


No 


89 


117 


Yes 


90 


89 


Yes 


91 


29 




92 


50 


Fair 


93 


48 


Yes 


94 


61 


Yes 


95 


32 


No 


96 


24 


No 


97 


42 


No 


98 






99 


55 


Yes 


100 


73 


No 


101 


56 


No 


102 


56 


Fair 


103 


63 


Yes 


104 


60 


Yes 


105 


27 


No 


107 


30 


No 


108 


29 


No 


109 


18 


No 


110 


36 


Yes 


111 






112 






113 


70 


No 


114 


55 


Yes 


115 


40 


No 


116 


48 


Yes 


117 


20 


Yes 


118 


31 


No 


119 






121 


113 


Yes 


122 


38 


Yes 


123 


48 


No 




Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes 
Yes 

Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 

Yes 

Yes 
Yes 



Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 

Yes 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



33 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, i88i — Contimied. 



1 


s t 


ii 


y. 


2 




1 


a 


£ 


_c 


S 


"2 


0. 




III 


s « s 


■a 
« a 


.o 

•3 

eo 
a a 


J X 

ft 


■c 
3 « 

•Q'S 


J2 

g 

o 
■a .^ 


•5 

.2 3 

5 
2 =* 


a| 
si 


1-^ 
!>%a 

il 
s^ 

is? 


2 '^ 

3 5 

S J5 


S 

a> 2 
■- a, 

•s 

S c 


■< 


» 


55 

None 


W 


<! 


< 


< 


" 


S 


a 


Yes 


H 


^ 


Yes 


None 


Yes 


$100 


$100 


Yes 


$3 00 


Yes 


$1,500 00 


$103 48 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 

None 


None 
None 


Yes 
Yes 


3 00 
•2 00 


50 
50 


No 
Yes 


'306' 


No 
Yes 










Yes 


202 04 


Yes 


9 00 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


\"es 


•J 00 


50 


No 




Y'es 


132 SI 


Yes 


10 00 


Good 


las 


None 


None 


Y'^es 


2 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


1,100 00 


Yes 


842 84 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


4, 8, it 


Y'es 


3 00 


75 


No 




No 






12 00 


Fail- 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


1 00 


Yes 


3 00 


Yes 


390 00 


Yes 


4 47 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


25 


No 




Yes 


33 44 


Y'es 


50 00 


Fair 


Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Yes 
Y'es 


1 50 

2 00 


50 
1 00 


No 
No 












Good 


Yes 




No 






35 60 


Fair 


So 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


50 


Y'es 


3 00 


Y'es 


144 84 


Yes 


269 89 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 
Yes 


3 00 
2 00 


50 


No 
Y'es 






1,100 00 
1,125 00 


Yes 


60 00 
400 00 


Good 


Yes 




Y'es 


Good 


Yes 






Yes 


1 00 


or. 


No 






1,206 00 
793 43 


Y'es 


419 07 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


Y'es 


300 84 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 50 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


246 25 


Yes 


20 50 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y^es 


3 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


1,400 00 


Yes 


279 71 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


50 


No 




No 




No 


23 65 


Fair 


Yes 


None 
3& S 


None 
3cV- 5 


Yes 
Y'es 


2 00 
2 00 


50 
1 00 


No 
Yes 


'2'50' 


No 
Yes 






4 00 
25 65 




Yes 


50 20 


Yes 


Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


Yes 


3 00 


Yes 




Y'es 


653 97 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


1 00 


25 


No 




No 






7 50 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


185 87 


Yes 


14 30 


Good 


No 






Yes 


1 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


■'5 86 


Yes 


1 00 




Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


75 


Yes 


2 00 


Yes 


441 90 


Y'es 


48 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


152 45 


Yes 


15 00 


Good 


Yes None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


1,042 32 


Yes 


776 50 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


75 


Yes 


4 66 


Yes 


1,934 24 


Y'es 


153 50 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Yes 
Y^es 


1 00 
3 00 


58 
50 


No 

No 




No 
Y'es 










Yes 


442 09 


Yes 


331 29 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


75 


No 




No 


282 99 


Yes 


10 00 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


2 00 


75 






Yes 


4^5 21 


Yes 


100 50 


Excellent 








Yes 


2 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


l'>0 00 


Yes 












Yes 


1 00 


25 


No 




Y^es 
Yes 


51 25 


45 00 


Fair 
Good 




1-5, 7 


All 


Yes 


1 00 


50 


No 




100 00 


Yes 




Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 
Yes 


2 00 
2 00 


50 
50 


No 

Yes 














Yes 


3 00 


No 

No 






38 98 




Yes 






Yes 


1 00 


S3 


No 








15 00 




Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


r>o 


No 




Yes 


155 1? 


Yes 


75 20 


Fair 


Yes 


5 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


79 40 


Yes 


5 00 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Y'es 
Yes 


2 00 
2 lO 


75 
50 






Yes 
Y'es 


446 06 
13 90 


Yes 


58 00 


Good 


Yes 


No 




Excellent 








Yes 
Y'es 


2 00 
2 00 


50 
50 


No 
No 




No 
Yes 




No 
Yes 




Good 


Yes 






199 03 


41 30 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


25 


Yes 




No 








Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


434 83 


Yes 


49 75 


Good 


No 


None 


None 


Yes 


5 00 


1 50 


No 




Yes 


2,229 00 


Yes 


75 50 


Poor 


Yes 


None 


None 


Y'es 


3 00 


1 10 


No 




Yes 


55 00 


Y'es 


10 88 


Fair 


Yes 






Yes 
Y'es 


2 00 
2 00 


50 
50 
















Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


4 66 


Yes 


17 65 


Yes 


9 66 


Good 


Yes 


No. 5 


None 


Yes 


3 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


416 00 


Yes 


1 00 


Fair 


Yes 








2 00 


33 


No 




Yes 


44 82 




5 00 




Yes 


k;, 17 


None 


Yes 


1 75 


25 


No 




Yes 


1,266 12 


Yes 


235 69 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


1 00 


!K) 


Yes 


2 00 


Yes 


160 00 


Yes 


128 50 


Good 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 00 


50 


No 




No 






11 50 


Good 









34 



HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., (r.A.R. 



Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Justin Dimick 

George E. Sayles.. 

[Not inspected.] 

G-. H. Thomas 

Robt. A. Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall.. 

W. C. Kinsley 

Burnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll.. 
Wm. A. Streeter. . 

A. D. Weld 

Maj. G. L. Stearns 

[Excused.] 





s 


S 






S 
















"fi . 


«'3 




p, 

m a. 


mf^ 








o a® 




s » 




Cm s 




S|1 










■■- >. 






CJ: 


o 


"m 




c» mT3 


ffl-O 


St3 


P-4 




^ s 


.a'g § 




a « 


V- 


Av 






- s 


n 




fl" 


.s £ 


a =l,o 


^ 


^^ 


Q 


b M) 






b. C" 


o o 


^ 


a 


'-' 


<! 


<1 


w 


124 


19 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


2 


126 
127 
1.?1 


30 


No 


No 


No 


6 


49 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


6 


134 


23 


No 


No 


No 


None 


135 


IS 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


None 


136 


11 


No 


No 


No 


None 


139 


71 


Yes 


No 


No 


5 


142 


3S 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


9 


143 


43 


No 


No 


No 


None 


144 


46 


No 


No 


Yes 


1 


145 


74 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


s 


148 


34 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


1 


149 


24 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


1 


151 













Yes 
Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



s 


c 


A 








oca) 


5„. 


m (1 




■^ 


•S g 








w a 


3^ 


°? 


'as 


2 2 


'^ S 








2. a 






^ -^ 


J s 


— S 


« c 




go. 


<S 


A 


<1 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 




No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 




No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


No 


No 


So 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'^es 


Yes 



""So 



Yes 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, 1881 



35 
— Continued. 



■3 

3 
■O 
>. 

o 

(J 

O 


m 3 

•§■3 

ill 

111 

!5 


11 

•oS 
o - ao 

sis 


a a 
ll 

a 


g 
ll 


.3 -^ 

-sl 

■S a 

it 


•c 


11 

3 

a 

o 

S "> 


u 

.a 

3 a 


a| 

2"" 
ll 


1 

i.l 

§1 

Yes 

No 


3 >• 

c.- 

S 2 




1 

ll 


Yes 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 






Yes 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 


$3 00 
2 00 

2 00 

2 00 


$100 
50 

25 
75 
25 

1 00 
75 
75 
25 
50 

1 00 
50 

1 05 


Yes 
No 

No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
No 
Yes 


$3 00 

'306' 


Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yea 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 


$007 44 
484 70 


$206 42 
100 00 

78 00 
67 11 


Fair 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Poor 

Good 
Poor 


None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 


None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 




Poor 


Yes 






No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 




Poor 


Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 


Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 


736 23 
88 00 
417 84 
773 32 
680 35 
6 00 
260 00 


130 00 
193 55 
6 00 
99 07 
59 52 
1 50 
18 00 


Fair 

Good 

Poor 

Good 

Fair 


None 
None 


None 
None 


Good 
Fair 



36 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The total expense for inspection dnriug the past year has 
been $128.10. 

In conclusion I desire to express my hearty thanks to all the 
comrades with whom I have had official connection daring the 
year, and particularly to the Assistant Adjutant-General for con- 
tinuous courtesies and unvarying kindness. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L.. 

WILLIAM L. BAIRD, 

Ins2:)ector. 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE. 

Boston, Jan. 30, 1882. 
George W. Creasey, Commander Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 

Commander and Comrades : I herewith submit my report as 
Judge Advocate for the current official year. 

Eight opinions, involving twenty-one distinct propositions, 
have been rendered in cases regularly referred for my decision. 

Appeals have been taken in two instances, in the first of 
which the decision of this Department Avas sustained and in the 
second it was overruled. 

I have been called upon to review the proceedings of but one 
court-martial. 

Nearly all the questions submitted to me were upon a proper 
construction of the Rules and Regulations and to these I have 
cheerfully given my time and attention, because such an unusual 
amount of business coming to my department indicated that the 
members of our Order respected the Rules and Regulations estab- 
lished for our govei'ument and desired to be guided by them in 
every particular. And this observation leads me to remai'k that 
I find among the comrades generally a very intelligent conception 
of the meaning and intent of the written law of the Order. I 
desire, however, to call attention, more particularly of Post 
Commanders and Adjutants, to the importance of strictly comply- 
ing with the requirements of the Rules and Regulations in regard 
to official correspondence and the right of appeal. All the neces- 
sary forms of correspondence are to be found on pp. 38, 39 of 
the pamphlet entitled, " Manual for the Guidance of the Grand 
Army of the Republic," a copy of which is or should be in the 
possession of each Post Commander. The matter and manner of 
appeals is also fully set forth on page 22 of said manual. 

My attention has recently been called to an organization 
known as the " Beneficiary Fund of the Grand Army of the 
Republic," an association claiming to be duly incorporated under 
the laws of the State of New York, and having its headquarters 
at Buffalo. The object of this association is to do an insurance 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 37 

business on the co-operative plan, now so much in vogue. It is 
officered by members of the G.A.R., who are designated by the 
same titles by which our Department officers are known. I 
understand that this organization has the official recognition of 
the Department of New York, Grand Army of the Republic, but 
whether it is or is not thus sanctioned, the fact remains that its 
name, and the additional fact that its officers are thus designated, 
may tend to lead to confusion and pervert the principles of our 
Order from their true end, aim and purpose. We cannot be too 
solicitous, comrades, for the purity and welfare of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. We should zealously guard its fair fame 
by keeping the Order aloof from each and every class, organiza- 
tion or person attempting to trade upon its name, or to make 
capital out of the great principles upon which it is so securely 
founded. We should discountenance clap-trap and repudiate all 
side shows, to the end that, recognizing no class, condition or 
creed, the Grand Army of the Republic may be kept true to the 
course which its founders in their wisdom marked out for it to 
follow, until that day when the last comrade is " mustered out" 
to pass on to the reassembling of the Grand Army above. 

I desire, in closing this report, to tender my sincere thanks 
to the Assistant Adjutant-General and other Department officers 
for their uniform kindness and courtesy extended to me on all 
occasions. 

Respectfullv submitted in F., C. and L., 

WM. H. HART. 
Judge- Advocate. 



REPORT OF THE CHAPLAIN. 

Boston, Jan. 30, 1882. 

Commander and Comrades : I appear before you again, after 
the trials and hardships of another year, to present to you my 
third annual report. I should fail in the discharge of my duty 
as your spiritual advisor, did I not recognize in your presence 
tonight that an All-Seeing Eye had rested upon you for good 
during the year. You, Commander, and your noble associates, 
have gone in and out among the various Posts of the Depart- 
ment In the discharge of your duties, and Avhether travelling in 
the cars, or other modes of conveyance, the care of the Almighty 
has gone with you, and the life of each of you has been precious 

in His sight. •, r^ . 

To you, comrades, delegates of the various Posts and Depart- 
ments now present, God has graciously smiled upon you during 
the year. Some who have met with us in Convention in the past 
are not present tonight. They have crossed the Dark River to 



38 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

the other side ; they have given the proper signal at the outer 
door ; have been admitted to the presence of the great Commander, 
at whose right hand are pleasures for evermore. 

Thus, 1 am exceedingly grateful with you, not only in the 
blessing of preserved lives, but in the great and noble work that 
has been accomplished in this Department during the year. 
Surely it has been ope of great prosperity. No year has been 
freighted with such grand results ; and each have followed in the 
wake of its predecessor, until we are ready to shout, "Victory ! the 
Lord God Omnipotent reigneth!" Memorial Day, in Boston, with 
the united Suffolk County Posts, did much to open the way for 
this great success. 

The fine appearance of the men on parade, the soldierly 
bearing of each on the line of march, the absence of the greatest 
of all plague-spots to the true soldier, drunkenness, — the man 
who, so forgetful of his own reputation or of those associated 
with him, falls out by the way and takes too freely and too often 
of the intoxicating cup, and then forgets to hide himself from the 
sight of others, — was scarcely seen upon our streets on that day. 

It was a Memorial Day long to be remembered. It was a 
Holy Day. Thanks to the rulers of the good old Commonwealth, 
it was a legal one. The large gathering in Tremont Temple, the 
inspiring and enthusiastic address of our beloved governor, — all 
tended to make the day what it should be, a memorable one, 
sacred to the memory of our noble dead. 

Then followed in quick succession, June 8, the dedication of 
the Soldiers' Home in Chelsea, the crowning work of our beloved 
Past Commander, Horace Binney Sargent, and his noble asso- 
ciates of the Department. God bless them ! 

It was my privilege to offer the Prayer of Dedication, pray- 
ing for the Divine blessing upon the building, and upon those 
that shall be sheltered under its roof in years to come. May it 
indeed be a soldiers' home. We are much indebted for the suc- 
cess of that day to Post 35 ; to the ladies of Chelsea ; and to the 
officers and members of the Woman's Relief Corps, led by its 
President, Mrs. Fuller, who presented to the Home two fitting 
emblems — the Bible and the flag ; the one to be a guide in the 
journey of life to a better lapd ; the other to inspire with patriot- 
ism and love for the country he had helped to save. Then came 
the closing scene, — the bazaar, — to which the Posts of Boston 
and the Department, aided by the ladies and gentlemen of the 
Commonwealth, made it a great success, and put in the hands of 
the treasurer between forty and fifty thousand dollars. Not 
included in this sum is the munificent gift of Capt. J. B. Thomas 
of Charlestown, of ten thousand dollars, and the smaller sums of 
others ■ — so that the Home was paid for without touching the pro- 
ceeds of the bazaar. And could my voice be heard tonight by 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 39 

every true soldier in this Commonwealth, who, weary and :dmost 
destitute, sometimes feels himself forsakeu and homeless, or to 
that man who, through misfortune and sickness, has been com- 
pelled to seek shelter \vith the paupers of the State, I would cry 
to him in thunder-tones, My comrade, you are not forgotten. 
Look — look to Chelsea's noble city, and upon an eminence floats 
the stars and stripes, and a building beautifully furnished, fit for 
any gentleman of the land. This is the Home — your home. Be 
aratSul — be grateful to God — be grateful to the ladies and 
o-eutlemen of the Commonwealth — but do not be unmindful of 
the members of the Grand Army of the Republic, who, inspired 
by the noblest attribute of God, Love, hath prepared this home 

for you. 

But amid all these pleasing thoughts of the past year, one 
dark shadow hath passed in review before us. Not in our own 
Department, but in the nation. It was a comrade who died. He 
was our comrade. And when the bullet of the assassin struck 
him, each member of the Grand Army felt the shock; and when 
he died, we wept for the loss of a good man and great — James 
A. Garfield, President of these United States. Honor to the dead! 
But the nation lives, and we rejoice in the success of our present 
Chief Magistrate — Chester A. Arthur. Long may he live ! 

The present success and spiritual condition of this Depart- 
ment is chiefly due to our present Commander. Your gentlemanly 
bearing, sir, and cheerful disposition, have done much to aid the 
Chaplain in the work of reform. Until the present year the work 
was immense, unaided by the Department Commander. But since 
your occupancy of the chair, sir, the work has become so thorough 
that the only unmarried one upon the staff has taken to himself a 
wife, and now the inspection has become double and complete. 
Even the Adjutant-General, since last year, has become a new 
man, and tonight I can take him by the hand and call him 
brother, and pray that his life may be a successful and useful one. 
So that all the officers of the Department have followed in your 
footsteps. Commander, and a good work has been accomplished ; 
so much so, that we now number 10,000 strong. 

Comrades of the Grand Army, when this Encampment shall 
close, go back to your posts of duty, encourage your comrades, 
replenish your charity funds, bring in every true soldier to the 
Grand Army of the Republic, do deeds of valor worthy of your 
name, and if, during the year to come, in the providence of God, 
you fall, let it be at the post of duty. So shall the community 
say of you, he was a good man and a true soldier. And the great 
Commander-in-Chief, into whose presence you shall enter, will 
say, " He hath fought a good fight; he hath finished his course ; 
enter into my rest, and sit down with your Lord." 

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

JOHN AV. LEE, 

Chaj^lain. 



40 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1882. 

Comrades: Owing to the unavoidable absence of Comrade 
Scates, senior member of tlie Council of Administration, it 
devolves upon me to present the report for the Council. After 
the very interesting and exhaustive address of the Commander, 
and the concise and intelligent reports of the other Department 
officers (who are ex officio members of the Council of Adminis- 
tration), it would seem that there remained but little for us to 
report upon. 

We have held eight sessions during the year, and have also 
attended to the inspection of Posts, and the auditing of the 
accounts of the Assistant Adjutant-General and the Quartermas- 
ter-General. We carefully examined the source of all receipts, 
and the vouchers for all payments, and it is a pleasure to report 
that we found everything correct, and the accounts neatly kept. 

We would recommend that the accounts be examined and 
audited every quarter, not waiting until just before the Department 
Convention to perform this important duty. 

The Council congratulate the Department that the long stand- 
ing indebtedness to National Encampment has been wiped out, 
the last payment having been paid during the present month. 

A departure having been taken by the National Encampment, 
as well as by this Department, in the matter of supplies, — every- 
thing being now conducted on a cash basis, — the Council recom- 
mend that the Assistant Adjutant-General hereafter keep his 
accounts open long enough to bring in the last quarter of each 
year. We believe that this can be done, as the Convention is not 
usually held until the last of January. As now conducted the 
last quarter of this year goes into the accounts of 1882, and so on. 

We find the receipts of the Department for the year to have 
been : — 

On hand, last report $100 35 

Receipts 4,G37 88 

$4,738 23 

And the expenditures, $4,705.06, for which vouchers are on file 
at Department Headquarters. 

The Department is in a healthy and flourishing condition, as 
3^ou have already been informed ; eleven new Posts have been 
chartered, and our membership increased during the year 1,363, 
making our total membership 10,252. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 41 

We congratulate the Department that the labors of our Com- 
mander and Assistant Adjutant-General have been crowned with 
so much success, and we trust the time is not far distant when 
every veteran soldier and sailor will feel it a duty, as well as a 
pleasui'e, to be enrolled as a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. The experiment of printing the proceedings of the 
Convention for distribution to the Posts we believe has met with 
general appi'oval, and we recommend its continuance. 

The Convention of last year voted the sum of $200 to the 
Assistant Adjutant-General for clerk hire. This came none too 
soon, for the duties of his office are increasing with the growth of 
the Department, and we recommend that the sum of S'200 be 
appropriated to that purpose for the coming year, thereby enab- 
ling him to devote more time to missionarii work, the good results 
of which during the past year we see in our increased membership. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General being the on\y salaried 
officer of the Department, he must necessarily absent himself from 
his office, attending to the interests of the Grand Army in various 
parts of the State ; but we recommend that during such absence 
he leave some one at headquarters to attend to the wants of the 
comrades. This we believe he can do, with the extra allowance. 

The Commander has alluded at length to the pension ques- 
tion, and nothing remains for us to add, except that we heartily 
endorse the suggestions therein contained. 

The question of uniforms has received more or less consid- 
eration from the Council, and your special committee will report 
upon the same. 

The Council believe the}' acted wisely in taking the necessary^ 
steps to call the attention of Congress and the Pension Office to 
the fact that the Grand Army are interested in the method of 
examination of pension claims, and we recommend that this 
Department put itself on record upon this much vexed question. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

CHAS A. STOTT, 
For the Council of Administration. 



The reports of all the Department officers having been pre- 
sented, it was moved by Comrade J. G. B. Adams of Post 5, 
that the reports be accepted and placed on fde. Judge Advocate 
William H. Hart offered an amendment, which was adopted by a 
rising vote of ninety-nine to sixty-eight, that the recommendations 
in the address of the Department Commander, and the reports of 
the various officers, including the Council of Administration, be 



42 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

referred to a special committee of five to be appointed by the 
Commander; and the following committee was appointed, viz. : — 

Judge Advocate William H. Hart ; Charles B Fox of Post 
68 ; W. J. Mansfield of Post 12 ; George W. Powers of Post 15 ; ' 
William K. Vining of Post 78. 

Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 moved that a committee 
of eleven be appointed by the Commander, to report a list of 
delegates and alternates to National Encampment ; and five com- 
rades to serve on the Council of Administration. The motion 
was adopted and the Commander announced the following com- 
mittee : — 

J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 ; Wm. M. Olin of Post 26 ; Henry 
T. Holmes of Post 35; J. B. Lamb of Post 10; F. M. Harring- 
ton of Post 96; Andrew C. Stone of Post 39; Geo. A. Thayer 
of Post 2 ; John F. Bruce of Post 19 ; A. A. Davis of Post 5 ; 
C. H. Parsons of Post 45 ; Geo. E. Whittaker of Post 71. 

A motion was adopted that comrades in speaking be limited 
to five minutes, and that no one shall speak more than twice on 
the same question except by unanimous consent 

Comrade Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 moved that when we 
adjourn it be to meet at this place at 9 o'clock January 31 ; an 
amendment to meet at 10 o'clock was lost, and after a brief dis- 
cussion the original motion was adopted. 

No other business being presented, the Encampment 
adjourned at 10.20 p.m., until 9 o'clock January 31. 

Immediately after the close of the first session the hall was 
cleared, and the officers of Theodore Winthrop Post 35, G.A.R. , 
of Chelsea, exemplified the work of the Order in a very complete 
and satisfactory manner ; after which a branch of a subsidiary 
organization illustrated the improbabilities of Grand Army life as 
experienced in Chelsea. 



Faneuil Hall, 10 a.m., Boston, Jan. 31, 1882. 

The hour to which the Encampment adjourned having arrived. 
Commander Creasey called to order, and after prayer by Depart- 
ment Chaplain Lee, the Encampment was declared ready for busi- 
ness, and the roll was called for. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 43 



COMMUNICATIONS FROM POSTS. 

Comrade James E. Barrows of Post 56, Cambridge, presented 
a communication from that Post relative to the alleged abuse 
of the G.A.R. badge. On motion of Comrade Joseph H. Gleason 
of Post 77, Holden, it was voted that the communication be 
referred to the incoming Council of Administration. 

Comrade Charles D. Nash of Post 7S, South Abington, pre- 
sented a communication from that Post relative to the formation 
of a Mutual Benefit Association in connection with the G.A.R. , 
and by vote of the Encampment the subject was laid on the table. 

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. 

Tlie Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials, as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 383 

Number of comrades present 295 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 12. 

Past Department Commanders 4 

Post Commanders 97 

Delegates 182 

Total 295 

Comrade Silas A. Barton of Post 5, Lynn, reported for the 
Committee on Uniform, appointed at the last Encampment, as 
follows': — 

Boston, Jan. 30, 1882. 

Commander and Comrades of the Encampment : The com- 
mittee appointed at our last Annual Encampment, to take into 
consideration the expediency of adopting a uniform for the Depart- 
ment, have given the matter careful thought, and as the result 
thereof respectfully submit the following report : — 

We earnestly recommend to the Department the following 
uniform, a sample of Avhich is worn by the Assistant Adjutant- 
General, and the cost of which, including coat, pants and cap, is 
$10.00, coat and pants without cap, S9.50. 



44 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

First. A cap or hat, as the Department may determine. If 
a hat is adopted, we recommend the style worn by the Assistant 
Adjutant-General, and submitted herewith. 

Second. A dark blue single-breasted coat, average length 
thirty inches, cut to button high in the neck, with a box collar, 
four large G.A.R, buttons on front, and two small G.A.R. but- 
tons on each sleeve. 

Third. Pants of same material as coat, with light blue welt 
made into each outside seam. 

Fourth. A white belt of webbing or leather with G.A.R. 
clasp on front. 

Fifth. The present mixed cord and wreath with number of 
Post inside the latter. 

Respectfully submitted. 



JOHN 


D. BILLINGS, 


D. 


w. 


LEWIS, 


W. 


s 


FROST, 


CHAS 


A. STOTT, 


W. 


A 


SLOANE, 


S. 


A. 


BARTON, 


w. 


W 


. WOODBURY, 

Committee. 



After presenting the report. Comrade Barton moved that it 
be adopted. The motion was seconded by Comrade Billings of 
the committee, who expressed his personal preference for light 
blue pants, and certain modifications, but believing fully in the 
desirability of a Department uniform. After a discussion which 
was participated in by a number of comrades, the report and 
recommendations of the committee were adopted, with an amend- 
ment, that Posts may adopt hats or caps at their option. Com- 
mander Smith of Post 16 moved, and it was voted, that the Posts 
of this Department be recommended to procure this uniform as 
soon as possible. 

Comi-ade Charles B. Fox of Post 68 presented the following 
report for committee of five, appointed last evening to consider 
the several recommendations in the address of the Commander 
and the reports of the other officers, viz. : — 

The committee to whom was committed the recommendations 
in the Commander's Address, and the reports of the various 
Department officers, having attended to their duty, would respect- 
fully report, as follows : — 

First. In relation to the recommendation that a ijer cajyitct 
contribution be made by the several Posts of the Department for 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 45 

the support of the Soldiers' Home, your committee would report 
that they are unauimously of the opinion that such action would 
be inexpedient. 

Second. lu the matter of a Department Encampment, your 
committee are of the opinion that it presents enough of possible 
advantage to warrant the recommendation that it be tried at least 
one year as an experiment. 

Third. In regard to the question of jurisdiction, your com- 
mittee would recommend the adoption of the following resolu- 
tion : — 

B^'solved, That in the opinion of this Convention, the applications 
for admission of recruits living without the territorial limits of a i'ost 
should not be encouraged. 

Foirrth. Your committee would recommend the adoption of 
the sucraestion of the Council of Administration, that the fourth 
quarter^of each year be hereafter included in the annual reports. 

Fifth. Your committee would recommend that the appro- 
priation of $200 for clerk hire in Assistant Adjutant-General's 
department be continued, it being understood that this appropria- 
tion will enable the Assistant Adjutant-General to keep his office 
open during office hours when he is necessarily absent on official 
business ; and also that the report of the proceedings of the Con- 
vention be printed as recommended by the Council of Adminis- 
tration. 

Si.vth. In regard to the matter of pensions, your committee 
recommend the adoption of the following resolve : — 

He'^olred, That this Department is ready to co-operate with other 
Departments of the Grand Army, and with the Commission of Pensions 
in any system which will expedite the settlement of just and the rejection 
of fraudulent claims. ^^^^^ H.HART. 

W J MANSFIELD, 
GEORGE W. POWERS, 
WM. R. VINING, 
CHAS. B. FOX, 

Co^nmittee. 

Comrade Billings moved and it was voted that the foregoing 
report be accepted, and the several recommendations be acted 
upon separately. After the reading of the first recommendation, 
it was voted on motion of Department Chaplain Lee, amended by 
Commander Smith of Post 16, as a substitute, that the Com- 
mander of each Post in this Department ask for a collection in 
each church in the city or town where the Posts are located, on 
the Sunday next preceding Memorial Day. 

The second, third, fourth and fifth recommendations as pre- 
sented by the committee, were adopted. 



46 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The sixth recommendation was discussed at length, and a 
motion to indefinitely postpone was laid on the table, after which 
the resolution was adopted, and the Commander instructed to 
send a copy of the same to each Department of the G.A.R. , and 
the Commissioner of Pensions. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

Comrade E. P. Simpson of Post 142, South Framingham, 
moved and it was voted, that we proceed to the election of 
Department officers, and that a committee of five be appointed by 
the Commander to collect, sort and count votes for Department 
Commander. 

The following committee was appointed : — 

E. P. Simpson of Post 142, South Framingham ; E. G. W. 
Cartwright of Post 47, Haverhill; J. H. Gleason of Post 77, 
Holdeu ; Peter D. Smith of Post 99, Andover; J. H. Jones of 
Post 37, Spencer. 

Nominations being in order. Commander C. W. Sleeper of 
Post 42, Lowell, presented the name of Comrade Thomas H. Hill 
of Post 33, Woburn, seconded by Comrade B. F. Whittemore of 
Post 33, and others. 

Comrade John G. B. Adams of Post 5, Lynn, nominated 
Comrade Geo. H. Patch of Post 142, South Framingham, seconded 
by Comrade E. P. Simpson of Post 142. 

On motion of Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42, Lowell, it 
was voted that the roll be called and delegations step to the front 
of the platform and vote as they are called. 

The roll was called as directed, and after all had voted for 
Commander, the committee proceeded to a count. 

On motion of Comrade Edwin Earp of Post o, it was voted 
that a committee of five be appointed to collect, sort and count 
ballots for Senior Vice-Commander. 

While the committee was being appointed. Commander 
Fellows of Post 35 nominated Comrade William H. Hart of Post 
35, Chelsea, for Senior Vice-Commander. The nomination was 
seconded by Comrade George L. Goodale of Post 66. In accord- 
ance with Comrade Earp's motion, the following committee was 
appointed to collect, sort and count votes for Senior Vice-Com- 
mander, viz. : — 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



47 



Edwin Earp of Post 5 ; Wm. H. Morgan of Post 89 ; 
Dennis Meelian of Post 7 ; G. H. Carpenter of Post 20 ; Thos. 
E. Cutter of Post 49. 

A ballot was at once ordered, and after all had voted for 
Senior Viee-Coinmander, the committee on ballot for Commander 
reported as follows : — 



Whole number of votes cast . . 

Necessary for a choice ... 
George H. Patch, Post 142, had 
Thomas H. Hill, " 33, had 
Scattering 



281 
142 



210 

68 

3 



And Comrade George H. Patch of Post 142, South Framingham, 
was declared elected Department Commander for the ensuing year. 
The committee on ballot for Senior Vice-Commander reported 
as follows : — 



Whole number of votes 
Necessary for a choice 
William H. Hart had 
Geo. W. Powers had 
Scattering 



247 
124 



234 

5 
9 



Comrade William H. Hart of Post 35, Chelsea, was declared 
elected Senior Vice-Commander for the ensuing term. 

Nominations for Junior Vice-Commander being in order, 
Comrade P. Allen Lindsey of Post 30 presented the name of Com- 
rade John D. Billings of Post 94, Canton. Comrade T. J. Ames 
of Post 53 named Comrade John F. Bruce of Post 19, Fitchburg. 
Comrade Thomas Langlan of Post 15 nominated Geo. W. Powers 
of the same Post, and Commander Smith of Post 16 presented 
the name of John L. Rice of Post 16, Springfield. 

The several nominations were seconded, and on motion of 
Commander C. W. Sleeper of Post 42, Lowell, the following com- 
rades were appointed a committee to collect, sort and count votes 
for Junior Vice-Commander, viz. : — 

C. W. Sleeper of Post 42 ; L. F. Currier of Post 122; G. 
W. Johnson of Post 134; C. H. Watson of Post 41 ; Theodore 
Leutz of Post 21. 



48 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 

While the above committee were counting the votes they had 
collected, Commander Fellows of Post 35 moved that a committee 
of one be appointed to wait upon Comrade George H. Patch and 
introduce him to the Encampment. An amendment offered by 
Comrade John Upham of Post 39 was accepted, that the commit- 
tee consist of three comrades, and Commander Fellows of Post 
35, Comrade Upham of Post 39 and Commander L. E. Thayer of 
Post 27 were appointed. The committee retired, and in their 
absence the committee on ballot for Junior Vice- Commander 
reported as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 262 

Necessary for a choice 132 

John D. Billings, Post 94, had 123 

John L. Rice, " 16, " 69 

John F. Bruce, " 19, " 31 

Geo. W. Powers, " 15, " 16 

Wm. H. Wade, " 145, " 13 

A, O. Kinney, " 103, " 7 

Scattering 3 

There was no choice and a new ballot was ordered ; the same 
committee collected votes and proceeded to count. 

The committee appointed to wait upon Comrade Patch put 
in an appearance and presented to the Encampment Commander- 
elect George H. Patch, who, in a short speech, accepted the posi- 
tion, thanked the comrades for their confidence as expressed in 
the election, and promised to devote his best efforts to the advance- 
ment of this Department and the Order generally. 

Senior Vice-Commander Benj. S. Lovell moved that a com- 
mittee of three be appointed to conduct the Senior Vice-Com- 
mander-elect to the platform. The motion prevailed, and Comrade 
Lovell, Comrade Geo. S. Evans of Post 30 and Comrade Savillion 
Arnold of Post 9 were appointed. 

The committee attended to their duty, and introduced Com- 
rade William H. Hart, who expressed himself as grateful for the 
honor conferred, and promised the most unqualified assistance in 
the upbuilding of the organization. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. , 49 

The committee reported the second ballot for Junior Vice- 
Commander, as : — 

Whole number of votes cast 250 

Necessary for a choice 126 

John D. Billings, Post 94, had 181 

John L. Rice, " 16, " 51 

John F. Bruce, " 19, " 9 

Geo. W. Powers, " 15, " 8 

Wm. H. Wade, " 145, " 1 

And Comrade Billings was declared elected Junior Vice-Com- 
mander. 

On motion of Comrade Powers of Post 15 it was voted that 
a committee of three be appointed to escort the Junior Vice-Com 
mander to the platform. The committee, consisting of Comrade 
Geo. W. Powers of Post 15, John F. Bruce of Post 19 and Com- 
rade William H. Wade of Post 145, attended to the duty assigned 
them, and presented Comrade John D. Billings as Junior Vice- 
Commander-elect, who briefly thanked the comrades for the honor 
conferred by the election, and promised the best service at his 
command to perfect and maintain the G.A.R. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General was instructed by a unani- 
mous vote to cast a ballot bearing the name of Comrade John W. 
Lee for Chaplain, and Comrade Azel Ames, Jr., for Medical 
Director of the Department for the ensuing year. The ballot was 
cast as directed, and the comrades named were declared elected. 

Senior Vice-Commander Lovell called attention to the fact 
that many Posts depended, in a great measure, upon the collec- 
tions taken in churches, on the Sunday preceding Memorial Day, 
as a means of paying expenses incurred in decorating graves on 
May 30, and he therefore moved that the vote passed at an earlier 
stage of the proceedings, providing for a collection to be taken 
on the Sabbath next before Memorial Day, for the benefit of the 
Soldiers' Home, be reconsidered, and it was so voted. 

He then moved that the collection for the Soldiers' Home be 
taken on the third Sunday in October of each year, which motion 
was adopted. 

Comrade Horace Binney Sargent referred to the magnificent 



50 HISTORY DKPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

gift of $10,0C0, recently made to the Soldiers' Home, and moved 
that the thanks of this Department be extended to Capt. Joseph 
B. Thomas for his munificent gift, and that the same be suitabl}^ 
engrossed and forwarded to Captain Thomas. The motion pre- 
vailed unanimously. 

Comrade J. P. Maxfield, for the committee appointed at the 
first session of this Encampment to nominate five comrades to 
serve on the Council of Administration, and a list of delegates 
and alternates to National Encampment, reported a complete list 
which was read, and he then moved that the Assistant Adjutant- 
General deposit one ballot bearing the names as reported by the 
committee. There was no objection ; the ballot was cast as 
directed, and the following comrades were declared elected, 
viz. : — 

FOR COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

W. A. Sloaue Post 37, Spencer 

Wm. S. Frost "43, Marlboro 

Wm. S. Brown " 2, South Boston 

M. P. Palmer "115, Groton 

C. H. Parsons "45, Gloucester 

Representatives to National Encampment. 

delegate- at-large. 
Henry B. Peirce Post 73, Abington 

DELEGATES. 

Andrew C. Stone Post 3'J, Lawa-ence 

C. O. Fellows "35, Chelsea 

Alvin R. Bailey " 11, Charlestown 

Benj. S. Lovell "58, East Weymouth 

J. P. Maxfield "42, Lowell 

J. E. Killian "26, Roxbury 

C. H. Tracy " 103, Chicopee 

Thomas J. Ames " 53, Leominster 

J. B. Lamb "10, Worcester 

Azel Ames, Jr " 12, Wakefield 

ALTERNATE-AT-LARGE. 

J. Frank Dalton . . . . • . Post 34, Salem 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 51 

ALTERNATES. 

John F. Bruce Post 19, Fitcbburg 

Benj. Pitman "82, Marblehead 

J. D. Edgell "116, Gardner 

J. H. Dwyer " 5, Lynn 

Nathaniel E. Ladd "101, Groveland 

F. W. Merriam "93, Shelburne Falls 

Charles B. Fox "68, Dorchester 

J. Payson Bradlee " 2, South Boston 

E. P. Gibbs " 9, Hudson 

George Gurney "55, Taunton 

Comrade George S. Ball of Post 105, Upton, offered the 
following, which was adopted unanimously by a rising vote : — 

Whereas, As a part of the Grand Array, we recall most gratefuUj' 
the service rendered to the woimded and sick soldiers in camp, field and 
hospital, by the Sanitary and Christian Commissions, and recognize their 
efficient organizations as vital links between the Union Army and the 
charity, care and love of the people throughout the cities, towns, villages 
and hamlets of the loyal North ; and 

Whereas, We have heard of the death of Rev Dr. Bellows of New 
York, whose prolific brain and warm heart sought, with a few others of 
the same spirit, to increase and perfect that mighty engine of tender 
care and help to sufiering soldiers, the Sanitary Commission ; 

JResolved, That in the death of Rev. Dr. Bellows, we lose a friend 
of the great army and the Republic, and, in grateful remembrance of his 
services, would now inscribe this tribute to his memory on our records. 

Besolved, In the death of Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, we recognize 
the departure of a tender and sympathizing comrade, whose memory is 
near to the hearts of all in this Department of the Grand Army. 

We also recognize in this death, the loss of a loyal, large-hearted 
and efficient soldier and citizen. We are assured that history wall do 
justice to his ability as a general, and coming generations of loyal men 
and women will hold his character in reverence and gratitude ; and we, 
as his comrades, will cari-y his benign image in our hearts as long as 
they shall beat, and extend to his afflicted family our sympathy. 

The following resolution, presented by Comrade J. P. Max- 
field, was unanimousl}' adopted, viz. : — 

Besolved, That it is the sense of this Department in Convention 
assembled, that the practice by any members of the G.A.R. in this 



52 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Department, to charge, besides the necessary expenses, for their ser- 
vices as orators on " Memorial Day" is in bad taste, and should be 
discouraged ; and this Encampment condemns such practice, believing it 
detrimental to the best interest of the Order. 

Inspector William L. Baird offered the following, which was 
unanimously adopted : — 

Voted, That the thanks of this Encampment be and they are 
hereby tendered to the officers of Post 35, for the very acceptable 
manner in which they exemplified the ritual of the Order last 
evening ; also to the officer of the day, officer of the guard, and 
comrades of the same Post, for their efficient performance of guard 
and ordei'ly duty. 

Comrade Horace Binney Sargent moved that a vote of thanks 
be extended to Comrade Arnold A. Rand, and the patriotic women 
and men w^ho assisted in making the Soldiers' Home Bazaar so 
eminently successful. The motion prevailed. 

Comrade John G. B. Adams presented certain correspondence 
relative to the decoration of the graves of Union soldiers at 
Andersonville and Florence, and on his motion it was voted that 
the whole subject be referred to the incoming Council of Adminis- 
tration, with full powers. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General called the attention of the 
Encampment to the long-continued illness and more recent acci- 
dent to Medical Director Azel Ames, Jr., and the following was 
unanimously adopted : — 

Voted, That the Assistant Adjutant-General express to Com- 
rade Azel Ames, Jr., Medical Director of this Department, the 
warmest sympathy of this Encampment in his recent affliction, 
and the hope of the comrades of the Department that his recovery 
may be speedy and complete. 

Comrade Charles B. Fox of Post 68, presented the following 
resolution : — 

Besolved, That, in the judgment of this Convention, the interests 
of the Grand Army in this Department would be promoted by such 
changes as will shorten and simplify the ritual and secret work of the 
Order ; and that our delegates be instructed to advocate such changes at 
the next session of the National Encampment. 

The foregoing was duly considered, and after a brief dis- 
cussion the resolution was lost. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



53 



The following resolution was offered by Comrade Thomas 
Langlan of Post 15 : — 

Eesolvech That for the purpose of more perfect organization, and 
to promote the efficiency of the Grand Army of the Republic in the 
Department of Massachusetts, the Rules and Regulations be so amended 
as to provide for the creation of Divisions limited to include the Posts 
within the county lines in each county ; and that hereafter any county in 
this Department containing five or more Posts of the Grand Army, shall 
constitute a Division of the Grand Army of the Republic of this Depart- 
ment subject to such conditions as the Department Encampment may 
hereafter determine. 

The resolution was laid on the table. 

Comrade George S. Merrill moved, and after some discussion 

it was 

Voted, That the Department Commander petition the General 
Court for an annual appropriation of ten thousand dollars in favor 
of the Massachusetts Soldiers' Home. 

On motion of Comrade Adams of Post 5, it was 

Voted, That the thanks of this Encampment be, and the same 
are, hereby extended to his associates, the I.O. of B.J.'s, for 
their entertainment on the evening of January 30. 

The usual vote. of thanks to the retiring officers was passed, 
and upon a call for business there was none presented. 

The Commander-in-Chief George S. Merrill then installed 
the following officers : — 

Department Commander .... George H. Patch 
Department Senior Vice-Commander . William H. Hart 
Department Junior Vice-Commander, John D. Billings 

Department Chaplain John W. Lee 

( W. A. Sloane 
j W. S. Frost 
Council of Admmistration . . . "i -y^. §. Brown 

l^C. H. Parsons 

Upon the second call for business, and none being presented, 
the Encampment dissolved at 2..")0 p.m. 



A true account of the proceedings 



JAMES F. MEECH, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 



54 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



General Orders and Circular Letters. 
Series of i88i. 



SI 



Headquartkrs Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic 
53 Tremont St., Room 

General Orders, "» Boston, Jau. 28, 1881. 

No. 1. / 

I. Having been elected and installed as Commander of this Depart- 
ment for the ensuing year, I hereby assume the duties and responsibilities 
of the office, and in doing so I desire to urge upon all comrades the 
necessity of a thorough, energetic and determined eflbrt to promote the 
efficiency and usefulness of the Department by the increase of our mem- 
bership. The time has not arrived, comrades, when we should look for 
the diminishing of our numbers ; for while there are thousands of hon- 
orably discharged soldiers and sailors in our State who are eligible to 
membership in our Order, we should use every effort to interest them in 
our work, and induce them to help us in our labors by joining our ranks 
An increase in membership is not only beneficial to the individual Post, 
but is the source of additional revenue to the Department; and if we will 
but labor earnestly and zealously with the determination to succeed, we 
can, before the expiration of the present year, sAvell our membership to 
ten (10) or twelve (12) thousand comrades. Let ns labor for this result, 
and not rest content until all who are worthy and eligible are enrolled in 
our " Grand Army." 

II. The following comrades are announced as the Official Start' of 
the Commander, and will be obeyed and respected accordingly : — 

Assistant Adjxitant-General, James F. Meech of Post 10, Worcester, 
Assistant Quartermaster-General, Edward T. Raymond of Post 10, 

Worcester 
Inspector, William L. Baird of Post 5, Lynn. 
Judge Advocate, William H. Hart of Post 35, Chelsea 
Chief Mustering Officer, Alfred C. Monroe of Post 13, Brockton. 

III. All official correspondence must be signed by Post Commanders 
and addressed to the Assistant Adjutant-General, whose office hours will 
remain as heretofore. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



55 



IlKADQUAKTERS DEPARTMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS, 

Grand Army of the Republic 
53 Tremont St , Room 



-s.| 



General Orders, \ Boston, March 18, 1881. 

No. 2. ( 

I \ list of the officers elected at the Annual Encampment of this 
Department held at Boston, January 2G and 27, appears in the roster 
accompanvins this order. Two rosters are forwarded to each Post one 
to be filed with General Orders, the other is for the use of the Post 

II The following comrades are appointed on the Stafl'of the Depart- 
ment Commander, and they will be obeyed and respected accordmgly 

AIDE.S-DE-CAMP. 

Thomas E. Barker . . Maiden. George I. Goodale . . Medf-.rd. 

E P Gibbs .... Hudson. John D. Billings . . Cambn-lgeport. 

David W. Lewis . . . Hyde Park. James S. Lowell . . Newburyport. 

\ M Tilton .... HaverhiU. George C. Joslin . . South Boston. 

George W. Powers . . Boston. M. J. Ferrin .... Stoneham. 

E M Clapp .... Chicopee. P. Allen Lindsey . . Cambridgeport. 

e'c'riske Ashland. L P. Connig .... Fitchburg. 

Melville C. Beedle . . Cambridge. J. Albert Blake . . . Danvers. 

George R. Pierce . . Shelburne Falls. John T. Wilson . . . Winchester. 

Joseph Gregory. . . Marblehead. W.T.Woodbury . . Somerville.. 

III The petition presented to the Legislature by the Department 
Commander, in compliance with instructions from the Department 
Encampment of last year, asking that Memorial Day be made a legal 
holiday, has been favorably acted upon by that body, and on the 8th inst. 
the Governor of the Commonwealth approved the same by aftixing his 
official signature to the bill. , . ^ , , 

The pen used Ijy His Excellency in performing this act he has pre- 
sented to the Department in the following words : '• With this pen was 
5-ned the bill making ' Memorial Day ' a legal holiday. It is presented 
ti'the Department o'f Massachusetts, Grand Army of the Republic, m 
response to whose petition the bill was enacted." 

IV The Department Commander desires to call attention to his 
letter of February 5, regarding the increase of our membership and to 
aS Jrge upon all comrades, particularly the officers of the Posts the 
hnportlTuce if earnest and continued labor for the accomplishment of 

that resuU.^^ commencement of the year very many of our associates in 
arms have identified themselves with our organization, one new 1 ost has 
beSi or<^anized, others are being formed, while eftbrts are being made in 
someof'the lal-ger towns in the CommonweaMi to recall chart^^^^^^^ 
have been surrendered, or to organize new Posts. Let all join in tne 
ANork, and by a united eflbrt we can again place our Department in the 
front rank of the Grand Army. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
^ . , . Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



56 HISTORY UEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, - 

53 Tremont St., Room 3. ) 

General Orders, } Boston, April 26, 1881. 

No. 3. f 

I. General Orders Nos. 13, 14 and 15, from National Headquarters, 
G.A.R., are herewith promulgated to this Department. 

II. That the establishment and success of the "Soldiers' Home" 
may be brought moie prominently before the people of this Common- 
wealth, the Department Commander would suggest that the Commanders 
of Posts request their orators or speakers on Memorial Day to refer to 
the subject in such terms as may seem fitting and proper. 

III. Since the Department Encampment, two new Posts have been 
organized as follows : — 

Friedrich IIecker Post 21, Boston, Theodore Leutz, Commander. 
Gen. W. F. Bartlett Post 99, Andover, James B. Smith, Commander. 

Other Posts are in process of organization in various parts of the 
State, and the assistance and co-operation of Posts and comrades is 
invoked, that there may be a material increase in our numbers, not only 
by the addition of members in existing Posts, but in the creation of new 
Posts. 

IV. The discharge of John Johnson, formerly a Private in Co. A, 
30th Mass. Infantry, has been forwatded to these Headquarters, and 
awaits his order or that of any of his relatives or friends. 

V. Information is wanted at .this oflice as to the present address 
of any member of the 5th U.S. Cavalry who was with the regiment in 
1861 and 1862. Information is also wanted as to the address of any 
soldier who was a member of the 6th New York Heavy Artillery, and who 
knew James Balfe, alias James Kelly, of Co A of that regiment. The 
inquiry is made in the interest of the said Balfe or Kelley's father, who 
is a helpless invalid, and an applicant for a pension. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, - 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3. ) 

General Orders, / Bo.ston, May 4, 1881 

No. 4. ) 

In compliance with the Rules and Regulations of our Order, estab- 
lishing the 30th of May as a day to be observed by the Grand Army of 
the Republic in decorating the graves of our fallen comrades and com- 
panions-in-arms, and in response to Genei'al Order No. 13 from National 
Headquarters, the several Posts in this Department are directed to make 
such arrangements for a proper observance of the day as will best 
accommodate their respective localities and honor the memories of those 
whose loyalty and devotion to the land they loved has secured to us the 
blessings of a free republican government. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 4 

As the day has been made a legal holiday by the Legislature of our 
State it is hoped that every comrade will regard it as a sacred duty to 
forsake the busy haunts of trade, to forget the cares of daily life, and 
ioin with his Post in visiting the silent camping grounds of the dead. 

Let the militia companies and the people generally be invited to par- 
ticipate with us ; extend an invitation to the clergymen in your vicinity 
to remember in some appropriate manner, on the Sabbath preceding 
Memorial Day, the great sacrifices made by the loyal people of our nation 
for human liberty and equal rights. 

And, comrades, as we lav our tribute of love and respect upon the 
craves of our departed associates, let us not forget the thousands who 
sleep in ank)iown graves by the roadside, on the picket-hue and in the 
prison pens : — 

" For what they were, and all they dared, remember them to-day." 

Reports of the proceedings had by the several Posts will be forwarded 
to these headquarters. ^ , . , 

Post Commanders Avill see that the provisions of this order are 

complied with. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Qjpflgjj^^ . Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headqu.^rters Depaktment of M.^ssachusetts, 

Gkand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont St., Room ?>. 

General Orders, \ Boston, June 22, 1881. 

No. 5. j 

I. General Orders No. 18 from National Headquarters are herewith 
promulgated to this Department. 

II Comrades: At the recent meeting of the National Encampment, 
held at Indianapolis, Ind., on the 15th inst., the Department of Massa- 
chusetts was again honored by the election of Comrade George S. Merrill 
of Post 39, Lawrence, to the position of Commander-in-Chief. This honor, 
conferred upon one who has been so closely identified with the interest ot 
oui Department, one Avho has labored earnestly and zealously for its suc- 
cess and advancement, should be appreciated by us individually. Let us 
therefore acknowledge the compliment by doing all in our power to 
strengthen our membership and increase our influence, so that at the 
expiration of the year Ave may be able to shoAV a permanent and substantial 
advancement in the strength and efficiency of our Department. 

III Bv a formal vote of the National Encampment at its recent 
meeting. Comrade Austin S. Cushman, the first Commander of this 
DepartVnent, was restored his honors as a Past Department Commander, 
which he had lost by reason of his absence in Europe for a number 

of years . , , , ^ ., i * 

" IV Chief Mustering Officer A. C Monroe is hereby detailed toi 
duty at these headquarters. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
V. Post 54 G.A.R. of Berlin has changed its name to " Captain C. 
S. Hastings," and the same is hereby approved. 



58 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



VI. Since the date of last General Orders the foUowina; new Posts 
have been organized, viz. : — 

Francis Gould Post 36, Ai-liugton, Middlesex Co., E. F. Kenrick, 
Commander 

Franklin Post 60, Franklin, Norfolk Co., George W. Nason, Com- 
mander. 

Arthur G. .Biscok Post 80, Westboro, Worcester Co., C. P. Wins- 
lovy, Commander. 

VII. Post 21 G.A.R. of Boston having adopted the name of "Fried- 
rich Hecker," and Post 99 G.A R. of Andover having adopted the name 
of " General William F. Bartlett," those names are hereby approved. 

VIII. The address of either of the following-named members of 
Co. D, 28th Mass. Vols., viz. : John Colman, Barnej' Hart, Michael Pow- 
derly, or Timothy Ryan, is desired at these headquarters. 

IX The address of Capt. A. F. Holt, James Speed, Maj. J. Hoyt, 
H. C Jordan, F. A. Vaughn, Capt. F. A. Flanders, H. C. Hunt, or Col. J. 
L. Hains, late of the 1st Texas Cav., is wanted at this office. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant AdjtUant- General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont St., Room 3. 

General Orders, 1 Boston, Aug. 31, 1881. 

No. 6. ; 

T. The following Department officers are hereby detailed to inspect 
the Posts Avhose numbers appear against their names : — 

Benj. S. Lovell, Department Senior Vice-Commander, 8, 31, 73, 74, 78, 83, 

104, 111, 112, 127 
Royal B. Wight, Department Junior Vice-Commander, 18, 62, 92, 117, 142 

Azel Ames, Jr., Medical Director 33, 75, 99, 113 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant-General 5, 35 

William L. Baird, Inspector 10, 34, 42, 49, 82, 90, 95, 118 

William H. Hart, Judge Advocate . . 23. 149 

Alfred C. Monroe, Chief Mustering Officer, 1, 3, IG, 20, 37, 41, 46, 55, 76, 

87, 93, 110 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

John Scates 2, 21, 32, 102 

Charles A. Stott 39, 48, 115 

Benj. A. Bridges 22, 63, 105 

William A. Sloane, 27, 38, 51, 61, 65, 70, 77, 85, 97, 103, 107, 131, 136 
William S. Frost 6, 9, 44, 80, 96 

AIDES-DE-CAMP. 

Thomas E Barker . . 4, 12 

George L. Goodale 13, 36, 124 

E. P. Gibbs 19, 28, 43, 54, 64, 86 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 59 



John D. Billings 56, 57, 143, 144 

David W. Lewis .... 52, 60, 72, 91, 94, 145 

.Tames S. Lowell 45, 47, 67, 114, 122, 151 

A. M. Tilton 100, 101, 108 

George C Joslin 7, 26, 68, 88 

George W. Powers 11, 30, 58, 121 

M. J. Ferrin 40, 119, 148 

E. M. Clapp 71, 84 

P. A Lindsey 15, 134, 139 

G. C. Fiske 24, 25, 135 

I. P. Connig 53, 59, 69, 98, 109, 116 

.1. Albert Blake 50, 89 

George R. Pierce 17, 79. 123, 126 

W. W. Woodbury 29, 66, 81 

As it is important that the inspections should be concluded on or 
before November 15, it may be necessary to call special meetings of Posts 
in some instances, therefore Commanders of Posts will govern themselves 
accordingly. 

The travelling expenses of the officers will be borne by the Depart- 
ment, but all local expenses will be paid by the Posts visited. At each 
inspection the complete ceremony will be shown, including muster-in, and 
all books and papers of the Post, including records of the Relief Com- 
mittee or Trustees, must be presented for inspection. A statement of 
amount expended for relief, for the year ending September 30, will be 
required. 

Inspectors will insist upon a strict compliance with Section 1, Article 
VII., Chapter 5, General Rules, Rules and Regulations, a blank bond hav- 
ing been furnished each Post in the Department to secure uniformity. 

II. The following new Posts have been organized since date of last 
General Orders : — 

J. Orson Fisk Post 105, Upton, Worcester Co., E. Warren IIarl)ack, 
Commander. 

L. L. Merrick Post 107, Palmer, Hampden Co., C. P. Stone, Com- 
mander. 

III. Since our comrades are interested in the advancement and suc- 
cess of our Department, the Commander desires that the progress made 
during the past six months should be communicated to the Posts, that 
those who have worked so earnestly may see the results of their labors, 

The Department on the first day of January of the present year 
numbered 8,889 comrades; since that time, seven (7) new Posts have 
been instituted and two (2) old Posts reorganized, and are now in active 
working order. The quarterlj'^ report ending June 30 shows the aggre- 
gate membership to have increased to 9,650 — a net gain of 761 members 
for the first six months of the year. 

Let us not feel satisfied with this improvement but continue the 
work; let every comrade constitute himself a recruiting officer for the 
Grand Army ; let no worthy soldier or sailor have occasion to say that 
he has not been solicited to join our ranks. 

IV. Officers of Posts will bear in mind that the reports for quarter 
ending September 30 determine the representation in next Department 
Encampment. In this connection attention is also called to the necessity 
of forwarding reports promptly on the jlrst of the quarter, as less time 
is given for consolidation by National Headquarters than formerly, and 
by resolution of last National Encampment all Posts in arrears for reports 
on the twentieth (20th) of the first month of each quarter are to be 
reported in General Orders. 



60 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



V. Information is wanted at these lieadquarters of the present 
address of any member of Battery M, 4th U.S. Art., or G Battery, 5th 
U.S Art., who served in either of those commands from 1861 to 1865. 

VI. A person calling himself Charles H. Lynch, well posted in 
G.A.R. matters, and claiming; to be a member of Post 7, G.A.R., has been 
heard of recently in the central portion of the State Post 7 disclaims 
any knowledge of him and he is believed to be unworthy. . 

VII. The findings and sentence in the court-martial of William L. 
OrciTtt of Post 40, G.A.R., are hereby approved, and the said Orcutt is 
dishonorably discharged from the Grand Army of the Republic. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 61 



Headquarters Department ok Massachusetts, j 

Grand Army of the Republic, [- 

53 Tkemont Street, Room 3. ) 

General Orders, "i Boston, Sept. 20, 1881. 

No. 7 / 

"God reigns and the governinent at Washington still lives." The 
loug-sufl'ering stricken President is dead. The great heart of the Ameri- 
can people could not shield the old soldier, and in the long contest 
between life and death, death is again victorious. 

To the roll of martyrs who have died to insure permanenc.v to 
our republican institutions has been added the name of 

James B. (3arfiel&, 

and in long years to come, when our country shall have more fully 
accomplished its mission among the nations of the earth, his name with 
that of Lincoln will be honored and revered by all who love pureness of 
life, honesty of purpose, and a true loyal heart. 

All Department and Post Officers will for thirty days from the date 
of this order wear the usual badge of mourning on the left arm and 
sword-hilt when on duty, and the chartei* of each Post Avill be draped in 
mourning in honor of our departed President and comrade. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



62 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 



IIeadquahters Department of Massachusetts, ] 

Grand Army of the Republic, >■ 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3. ) 

General Orders, ) Boston, Oct. 22, 1881. 

No. 8. / 

Comrades : As you are aware by circulars that have been issued by 
the Trustees of the Soldiers' Home, active preparations are now being 
made to liold a grand bazaar in the Meclianics Fair Building in this city 
about the 1st of December or immediately after the closing of the 
Mechanics Fair. 

The objects of the bazaar should interest us, not only as members of 
the Grand Army, but as soldiers. We have, through our Trustees, pur- 
chased a Soldiers' Home, where all comrades who are sick and destitute 
can be provided for. The only reason why those who are enfeebled because 
of their faithful service during the war are not admitted to it — why it 
is not at the present time sheltering very many of our comrades Avho are 
unable to provide for themselves — is for the want of money to meet the 
ordinary running expenses. 

To provide this the bazaar is to be held, and the success it attains 
depends greatly upon the support we give to it, individually, as members 
of the Grand Army. Every Post Commander is reminded that the deter- 
mination of this Department to establish a Soldiers' Home in Massachu- 
setts has been so often expressed in Department Conventions, that the 
vigorous co-operation of every Post is a duty. By charter, lifteeu out 
of eighteen of the Trustees of the Soldiers' Home now established must 
be members of the Grand Army. The Home, over which the old flag now 
flies, is a Grand Army charity, and the most conspicuous and useful 
monument to our destitute comrades that can be raised. 

The Trustees have appointed large committees, including the Com- 
mander of every Post in the State, to organize the bazaar in aid of the 
Home. The citizens in many localities are already active in our soldierly 
cause. These committees and citizens look to us of the Grand Army, 
and reasonably expect the prompt, vigorous and whole-souled co-opera- 
tion of the men whom the ettbrt honors and is intended to benefit. 

Every Post is, therefore, expected to take some immediate action in 
securing the aid of the people in its locality, in order to furnish an hon- 
orable Home and Hospital for our poor, and to make the bazaar a success 
as one of the means to carry out the will of the Department Convention. 

Commanders of Posts will report immediately to these headquarters 
what action has been taken by their Posts, and what is Ijeing done by 
the people in their locality in aid of the Home. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

J.\MES F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 63 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, r 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3. ) 

General Orders, \ Boston, Dec. 15, 1881. 

No. 9. i 

I. General Orders, No. 11, from National Headquarters G.A.R., is 
hei'ewith promulgated to this Departmeut. 

II. Tiie order announcing Mustering Officers will be issued on or 
about Deceiuber 24, and the chief will be governed by the wishes of the 
Posts in their selection when practicable. Recommendations must be 
received previous to the above date, and in no case will an assignment 
be made unless the Post or its representative so designates. 

III. As the election of Post Officers and representatives to the 
Department Encampment is to be held at the first regular meeting in 
Decemljer, a blank is herewith enclosed on which return of such election 
is to be made. 

IV. The following new Post has been organized since the date of 
the last General Order, viz. : — 

James A. Garfield Post 120, Lowell, Chas. H. Coburn, Commander. 

V. The address of the following persons is wanted at these head- 
quarters, viz.: — James McArdle, late of Co. I, New 15att., 1st Mass. 
Cavalry, and James P. Prince, late surgeon 22d Mass. Infantry. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 

Official : Department Commander-. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



ETTS, 1 
BLIC, [■ 
>M 3. J 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Repubi 
53 Tremont Street, Room 

General Orders, "I Boston, Dec. 27, 1881. 

No. 10 [ 

I. The following-named comrades are hereby detailed as Mustering 
Officers, and will install the officers of the Posts whose numbers appear 
against their names : — 

Abner Coleman, Taunton 3 

A. S. Trowbridge, Hudson 9 

R O Houghton, Fitchbnrg 19 

M. H. Stevens, Waltham ' 29 

Geo. O. Vinal, Scituate 31 

Gilman A. Andrews, Salem 34 

Geo. L. Goodale, Medford 4, 3() 

John Collins. HoUistou 44 

C. T. Batchelder, Peabodv 50 

E. P. Gibbs, Hudson *. 64 

Chas. I). Nash, S. Abington 73, 74 

Chas. F. Allen, S. Abington 78 

Wm. L. Crosier, N. Adams 79, 126 

Benj. S. Lovell, E. Weymouth 88 



64 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

J. A. Riclimond, Shelburne Falls 93 

Andrew C. Stone, Lawrence 99, 100 

J. Edward HolUs, Boston 113 

G. A. Churchill, Boston 102 

Charles A Stott, Lowell 120 

Charles Grey, Athol 123 

Thos J. Tnte, Boston 7 

J. B. Willard, Worcester 10, 70 

P. A. Lindsey, Cambridgeport 22 

Richard F. Tobin, Cambridgeport ... 30, 57, 92 

John T. Wilson, Winchester 33 

Henry T. Holmes, Chelsea .... 35 

F. L. Perry, Springfield 41, 97 

H. C. Sherwin, Ayer . . 48 

Geo W. Powers, Boston 15, 21, 56 

J. G. Leach, Warren 65 

A. P. Barrett, Woburn 75 

Wm. S. Frost, Marlboro 43, 80 

J Frank Dalton, Salem 82 

Isaac H. Edgett, Beverly 89 

Charles Newhall, Danvers 90 

J. R. Merritt, Swampscott 95 

W. A. Sloane, Spencer 107 

John Metcalf, Lynn 118 

Dudley E. Gale, Amesbury 122 

Geo. H. Patch, So Framingham 142 

Chief Mustering Oflicer A. C. Monroe will install the olHcers of Posts 
5, 63 and 105. 

II. The commanders of the above-indicated Posts will at once put 
themselves in communication with their Mustering Officers, giving time 
and place of installation. In case of the absence of the comrade desig- 
nated above for any Post, and where no comrade has been assigned, any 
National or Department Officer or Past Post Commander (in his own 
Post), in good standing (except the retiring Commander), may act. In 
no case will the officers of any Post be installed until all reports and dues 
have been forwarded. (See page 51 of the Service Book.) 

Special attention is called to the recent changes in the Installation 
Service. Copies of the new Service Book may be obtained immediately 
on application to these head(|uarters; price 25 cents. 

III. A year's supply of new forms A and B — Adjutant and Quarter- 
master — has been sent to each Post Commander; and if the same have 
not been received immediate notice should be given to this office, as it is 
important that reports which are due January 1 should be made on these 
forms; therefore all old-style forms should be destroyed 

IV. Blank credentials have been furnished on which the return of 
election of Post Commanders and Delegates and Alternates is to be made ; 
one copy only is to be forwarded (if it has not already been done) with 
Adjutants' and Quartermasters' reports, together Avith j^e?- capita tax, 
previous to January 10. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Alfred C. Monkoe, Department Commander. 

Chief Mustering Officer. 
Official : 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 65 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3. 

Boston, Jan. 18, 1882. 
General Orders, "I 
No. 11. f 

I. The annual Encampment of this Department will be convened in 
Faneuil Hall, Boston, on Monday, Jan. 30, 1882, at 7 o'clock p.m., for 
the election of Department Officers and the transaction of such other 
business as may come before it- Posts are entitled to the following ratio 
of representation : One delegate for every fifty members reported in 
good standing September 30, with one additional for a final fraction of 
more than half that number; but each Post, whatever its numbers, shall 
be entitled to at least one delegate. Post Commanders are members of 
the Encampment by virtue of their oftice, but by the action of the last 
National Encampment, the Senior Vice Post Commander may repi'esent 
the Post in the absence of the Post Commander, and in case neither of 
them are present, the Junior Vice Post Commander may act 

II An invitation having been extended to the officers of Post 35 of 
Chelsea, to exemplify the Avorlc of the Order in the presence of the 
Encampment, and the same having been accepted, it is desired that evenj 
Post in the Department should be represented at this meeting, not only 
for the purpose of witnessing the Miister-in Service, and the extraordinary 
exercises at the conclusion of the same, but to take part in the general 
business of the Convention, which promises to be of more than usual 
interest. The Commander of Post 35 will detail an Officer of the Day, an 
Officer of the Guard, and at least ten (10) comrades for guartl and other 
duty, during the Encampment. The Officer of the Day will report to 
the Assistant Adjutant-General at Faneuil Hall, at 6 p.m , on the 30th, 
for instructions. 

III. In accordance Avith the requirements of the Manual, and Section 
I., Article VII., Chapter V., Rules and Regulations, a blank Bond for Post 
Quartermaster is herewith forwarded to each Post in this Department 

IV. Post 142 of South Framiugham having changed its name to 
" Burnside" the same is hereby approved, to date from January 1. 

V. Otis W. Wallace Post 10(j of Rockport, Essex County, has been 
reorganized, with William Wingood, Jr., as commander. 

VI. A new Post has been organized at Ipswich, Essex County, to 
be known as Post 128, Leach Clark, Commander, 

VII. The address of any member of Co. B, 21st Regiment Veteran 
Reserve Corps, who was taken out of Portsmouth Grove Hospital in 
18G3 , and served in Troy, N.Y., on Provost duty previous to November, 
1864, is wanted at this office, in the interest of a worthy pension claim. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F Mekch, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



66 HISTORY DKPT, OF MASS., G.A.K. 



IIeadquaktehs Dkpaktmknt of Massachusetts, | 

Grand Army of the Republic, >- 

53 Tremont St., Room 3. ) 

Circular, \ Boston, Feb. 16, 1881. 

No. 1. / 

A special meeting of tlie Conucil of Adniiuistration was lield on Sat- 
urday, 12tli inst., to discuss the pension question, but tlie importance of 
the subject was so apparent that an adjournment Avas made to this 
(Wednesday) afternoon when, after the most careful investigation, it 
was unanimously decided that this Department should take immediate 
and earnest action. 

To this end a committee consisting of Commander George W. Creasey, 
Senior Vice-Commander Benj. S. Lovell, Comrade Charles A. Stott of 
the Council of Administration, and Junior Vice-Commander E. B. Loriug 
of Post 15 of Boston, was appointed to proceed to Washington as soon 
as possible, and secure such legislation from Congress before the close 
of the present session as Avill relieve the existing over-crowded and sloAv- 
moving condition of things. 

There are at present over two hundred and eight'/ thousand (280,000) 
unsettled pension claims on file in the Pension Office. New claims are 
being presented at the rate of about two thousand (2,000) per month, and 
the total number of claims allowed last year (1880) was less than 1.5,000 
Therefore it will readily lie seen that under the present system the newly 
filed claims cannot be disposed of, to say nothing of the hundreds of 
thousands of claims that have been on file, many of them for nearly a 
decade. 

Comrades: This is a subject that is considered to be not only the 
right, but the duty, of the G.A.R., to be interested in, standing as we do 
as the representative soldiers' and sailors' organization of the Union ; we 
owe it to the widows and orphans of those who "gave the last full 
measure of devotion," and we owe it to those Avho stood shoulder to 
shoulder with us in the " old days," but who do not appreciate as v-e do 
the three great principles of our Order. Therefore in order to make 
the burden as light as possible in the matter of the actual expenses of the 
above delegation, the Council voted to ask for a contribution from each 
Post of at least five cents per capita, and as the committee will start at 
onre, it is especially desirable that remittances be made to the Assistant 
Adjutant-General without delay A full account of receipts and expendi- 
tures of this fund will be submitted to the Department. 

By command of 

GEORGE W. CREASEY, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjtitant-GeneraL 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



G7 



ROSTER 

Department of Massachusetts, G.A.R. 
1881. 



Elected. 

Georce W. Ckeasef, Commander . . . Newburyiiort. 

Benjajiin S. Lovell, Senior Vice-Comnmnder, East Weymouth 

Royal B. Wight, Junior Vice-Commander Natick. 

AzEL Ames, Jr., Medical Director . . . Wakefield. 

.JOHx W. Lee, Chaplain Charlestown. 

Council of Administration. 

John Scates South Boston. 

Charles A. Stott Lowell. 

Bexjamin a. Bridges Holliston. 

William A. Sloane .Spencer. 

William S. Frost . Marlboro. 



Official Stuf. 

James F. Meecii, Assistant Adjutant-General , 
Edward T. Raymond, Assistant Q.M.-General, 
William L. Baird, Inspector .... 
William H. Hart, Judge Advocate 
Alfred C.Monroe, Chic/ Muster ing Officer . 



,">.3 Treinont St., Room 3, Boston. 

53 Tremont St., Room 3, Boston. 

Lynn. 

Chelsea. 

Brockton. 



Aide s-de- Camp. 



Thomas E. Barker, 
E. P. GiBits, 
David W- Lewis, 
A. M. Tiltox, 
George W. Powers, 
E. M. Clapp, 
G. C. Fiske, 
Melville C. Beedle, 
George R. Pierce, 
Joseph Gregorv, 



INIalden. 

Hudson. 

Hyde Park. 

Haverhill. 

Boston. 

Chicopee. 

Ashland. 

Cambridge. 

Shelburne Falls. 

Marblehead. 



George L. Goodale. 
John D. Billings, 
James S. Lowell, 
George C. Joslix, 
M. J. Fehrin, 
P. Allen Lindsev, 

I. P. CONNIG, 

J. Albert Blake, 
John T. Wilsox, 
W. W. Woodbury, 



Medford. 

Cambridgeport. 

Newburyport. 

South Boston. 

Stonehani. 

Cambridgeport. 

Fitchburg. 

Danvers. 

Winchester. 

Somerville. 



68 



HISTORY UEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Bepresentatives to Xational Encampment. 



DELEGATE-AT-LABGE. 

Thomas H. Hill, Woburn. 



DELEGATES. 



Silas A. Barton, 
George S. Evans, 
John F. Bruce, 
Azel Ames, Jr. 
Alfred C. Monroe, 
Andrew C. Stone, 
MvEON P. Walker, 
John R. Merritt, 
Henry B. Peirce, 



Lynn. 

Cambridge. 

Fitchburg. 

Wakefield. 

Brockton. 

Lawrence. 

Springfield. 

Swampscott. 

Abington. 



alternate- at-large. 
George F. Moore, Haverhill. 



James K. Churchill, 
Charles F. Read, 
Charles D. Nash, 
Freeman C. Luce, 
C. W. C. Rhoades, 
Henry B. Thayer, 
George C. Joslin, 
S. F. McClearn, 
Frank McGraw, 



ATES. 

Worcester. 
South Gardner. 
South Abington. 
New Bedford. 
Roxbury. 
Milford. 
South Boston. 
Marblehead. 
Fall River. 



Fast Department Commanders. 



A. B. R. Sprague, Worcester. 

William Cogswell, Salem. 
John W. Kimball, Fitchburg. 

Horace Binney Sargent, 

Salem. 



Francis A. Osborn, 
A. B. Underwood, 
George S. Merrill, 
John G. B. Adams, 
John A. Hawes 



Boston. 

Newton. 

Lawrence. 

Lynn. 

Fairhaven. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



69 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



Will. Logau Rodman . 

Dahlgren 

W. A. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lauder 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell . 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

John A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Colonel Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. Greenleaf 

(German) 

Maj. E. F. Fletcher . . 
Joseph Hooker 

A. T5. R. Sprague 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson .. 

Charles Devens 

George D. Wells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

William H. Smart. ... 

George W. I'erry 

Washington 

Rurbank 

Phil. H.Sheridan .... 
Theodore Winthrop. . 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Geo. H. G. Berry 

Lyon 

B. F. Butler 

John A. Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols ... 

Colonel Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 

George S. Boutwell . . 

A. \V. Bartlett 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller 



New Bedford . . . 
South Boston . . . 

Taunton 

Melrose 

Lynn 

Holliston 

Boston 

Middleboro 

Hudson 

Worcester 

Charlestown 

Wakefield 

Brockton 

Boston 

Springfield 

Orange 

Ashland 

Fitchburg. 

Colerain 

Boston 

Milford 

East Boston 

Grafton 

Uxbridge 

Roxbury 

Oxford 

West Boylston . . 

Waltham 

Cambridgeport • 

Scituate 

South Boston 

Woburn 

Salem 

Chelsea 

Spencer 

Brookfield 

Lawrence 

Maiden 

Westfield 

Lowell 

Marlboro 

Fayville 

Gloucester 

Fall River 

Haverhill... . . . . 

Ayer 

Newburyport. . . . 

Peabody 

North Brookfield 



Commander. 



Andrew J. Smith 

George A. Thayer 

T. C. Lucas 

Charles O. Boyd 

Horace A. Sawyer — ( 

P. O. Box 23. i 

A . E. Chamberlain 

Dennis Meelian ( 

Station A, P. O. i 
L. M. Alden 

P. O. Box 442 

E. P. Gibbs 

William H. King ) 

190 Union Street I 

Al vin R. Bailey i 

116 North St , Boston f 

Azel Ames, Jr 

Alfred C. Monroe 



J. Gushing Thomas — 
103 Chestnut Street 

James O. Smith 

A. L. Shattuck 

S. S. Baker 

John F. Bruce 

George H. Carpenter .. 
Griswoldville 

Theodore Leutz 

•241 Washington St. 

Alfred A. Burrell 

Charles E. Dodge 

12.T Chelsea Street 

William C. Fletcher 

Andrew J. Alexander . 
P. O. Box m 

Jediah P. Jordan 

4f) Federal St., Boston 

Leonard E. Thayer 

Henry O. Sawyer 

.Tames H. Fisher 

Wm. T. Alden 

21 Essex Street 

A. A. Seaverns 

North Scituate 

Alfred C. Belcher 

Post Office, Boston 

William H. Matthews.. 

P. O. Box 40'.» 

Frederick Grant 

Charles O. Fellows 

i!4.5 Chestnut Street 

William A . Sloane 

P. O. Box r)55 

J. A. Josselyn 

Andrew C. Stone 

William L. Prouty 



Night of 
Meeting. 



George E. Worthen — 
123 Cross Street I 

Sidney A . Brigham 

George Cantello 

Charles H. Par.^ons 

Oscar F. Douglass , 

TO South Main Street \ 

George F. Moore ( 

P. O. Box 1369 I 

E. O. Harlow 

Daniel B. Whiting 

Windsor M. AVarcV 

John .S. Cooke 



Wedftesdav 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Monday 
Thursday 

Friday 

2d and 4th Wed. 
Alter. Fridays 
Wednesday' 
Thursday. 

1st and 3d Tues. 

1st and 3d Sat. 
Wednesday 
2d Tuesday 
2d and last Mon. 
1st and 3d Tues. 

Monday 

1st and 3d Tues. 
1st and 3d Wed. 
2d and 4th Fri. 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Thurs. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Thurs. 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

1st and 3d Thurs. 

Thursday. 

Tuesday 
Friday. 
Thursday 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

1st Thursday 
Friday 
Monday 
Thursday 



70 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

POSTS. 



Name of POfST. 



A.B.Randall 52 

Charles H. Stevens 53 

.John B. Gough 54 

I. D. Paull I 55 

Charles Beck ■ 5f) 

P. Stearns Davis 57 

Reynolds 58 

59 
60 
61 
02 
63 
64 

65 
66 



Major J. A. Pratt. 

Nathaniel Lyon . . 

Charles Ward 

(Jen. Wadsworth.. 
E. D. Baker 



Clara Barton. . . 
S. C. Lawrence. 

Allen; 

Benj. Stone, Jr. 



J. R. Rice 

George A. Custer. 



Town. 



Kilpatrick 71 

A. St. .John Chambre.. 72 

McPherson 73 

Hartsnff 74 

.J. P. Gould 75 

Collingvrood 76 

Theron E. Hall 77 

David A. Russell. . . 
Clias. D. Sanford. , . 



Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr. 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 1 84 

.J. W. Lawton ', 85 

86 
87 
88 
89 
90 
91 
92 



Henry Wilson. 
Gen. S. Thayer. . . . 

Paul Revere 

J. H. Chapman, Jr. 

Ward 

E. P. Cariienter 

Francis Washburn. 
Ozro Miller I 93 



Revere 

Gen.E. W. Hinka. 

Joe Johnson 

E. J.Griggs 

J. D. Mirick 



AVilliam B. Greene. 
Charles Sunnier 



Huntington F.Wolcott 
Otis Chapman 



E. Humphrey 



Everett Peabody. . . 

Ericsson 

Cajit. Horace Niles. 
J. E. Simmons 



D. Willard Robinson. 



E. W. Kinsley. 



113 



South Easton 

Leominster 

Berlin 

Taunton 

Cambridge 

East Cambridge.. . 
Weymouth 



Sterling , 



Webster. 
Newton. . 
Natiek.. . 
Clinton.. 



Warren 

Medford 

Manchester . . 
Boston . . . 

Westminster. 
Millbury 



Holyoke 

Stoi'ighton 

Abiiigton 

Rockland 

Stoneham 

Plymouth 

Holden 

South Abington. 
North Adams . 



Watertown 

Marblehead 

Hanover 

South Deerfleld. 

Ware 

Maynard 

South Braintree. 

Quincy 

Beverly 

Danvers 

Fox borough 

Brighton 

Shelburne Falls. 

Canton 

Saugus 

Northboro 

Belchertown 

Princeton 



Methuen . . 
Groveland 



Milton... 
Chicopee . 

Hingham 



Georgetown 

East Templeton. 

Randolph 

Pembroke 



South Scituate. 
Boston 



Commander. 



George A . Larky 

Wni. B. Frissell 

John L. Bruce 

George Gurney 

.John H. Wells 

Otis S. Brown 

Benj. S. Lovell 

East Weymouth 
A. H. Melendy ." 



Night of 
Meeting. 



E. W. Smith 

Henrj' W. Downs 

Frank P. Simonds 

Luther E. Wilkins } 

r. O. Box .594 \ 

J. H. Goodhue 

Geoi ge L. Goodale 

Charles H. Stone 

William C. Cumings . . . / 
Neponset j 

Hobart Raymond 

Rodney D. Looinis ( 

P. ( ). Box 145 ( 

George H. Smith. . . 

Ly Sander Wood 

A. H. Wright 

Henry Damon 

Mark Allen . . . , 

John Shannon 

J. H. Gleason 

Wm. R. Vining 

A. W.Fulton 



Geo. F. Robinson 

Sam'l B. Hidden, Jr. 

R. C. Waterman 

W. W. Foster 

Charles E. Woodard 

George Flood 

Thomas Fallon 

Isaac M. Holt 

Wm. H. Morjian... . 

J. A. Roberts 

.T. B. Davidson 

A. B. Collier 

George R. I^ierce 

A. R. Holmes 

James A. I'arker. .. . 
Levi Whitcomb 



E.W.Gill. 



Charles E. Trow 

George K. Anderson I 

South Groveland i 

George A . Fletcher 

Amos O. Kinney / 

1'. "0. Box 2 \ 
J. Frank Goodwin 



Patrick Cole 

B. F. French 

Wm. A. Croak 

H. H. Collamore........ I 

North Pembroke j 

Alpheus Thomas 

Ridge Hill 

T. R. Mathews 

50 Central St. 



2dandlastThur8 
2d and 4th Thurs 
1st and 3d Tues. 
Monday 
Monday 
Wednesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

1st Saturday 

2d and 4th Fri. 
1st and 3d Thurs. 
Tuesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

1st and 3d AVed. 
2d and 4th Tues. 
Friday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Alternate Sat. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Tuesday 

1st and"3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

Monday 

Monday 

Wednesday 

1st Saturday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Monday 

Last Tuesday , 

1st and 3d Fri. 

2d and 4th Thurs. 

1st Thursday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

Thursday 

Thursday 

Monday " 

2d and ■4th Tues. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Tuesday 

2d and lastThur. 

2d and 4th Mon. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

2d Saturday 

Friday 

Thursday 

2d Wednesday 

Thursday 

1st Thursday 



2d and last Tues. 
Last Friday 
1st Friday 

1st and 3d Sat. 
2d and last Mon. 
2d and 4th Wed. 



SIXTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



71 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



Col. C. R. Mudge... 
E. S.Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade.. . 

Timothy Ingraham 

E. l\ Wallace 

I'arker 

Justin Dimick 

George E. Sayles . . . 
T. L. Boiiuev". 



George II. Thomas. 



Robert A.Bell 

E. A. Andrews . 

(Jeo. C. Marshall — 

W. C. Kinsley 

I). B. Eames 

C.L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll..., 
Wm. A. Streeter... 
R. G. Shaw 

.A. D. Weld 

Major G. L. Stearns 

Major Boyd , 



NO. 



Town. 



Merrimac 

Groton 

Gardner 

Medfield 

Swampscott 

Lexington 

Hyde Park 

Amesbiiry 

Athol 

East Bridge water 

Adams 

Hanson 

Leicester 

Boston 

Shrewsbury 

Rutland . . ." 

Somerville 

So. Framingliam. . 

Brookline 

Dedham 

A ttleborousrh 

New Bedford 

Winchester 

Charlestown 

West Newbury 



Commander. 



Frank E. Hall 

Moses 1'. Palmer 

Charles F. Read _. 

South (iardner 

William F. (iuild 

John R. Merritt 

L. G. Babcock 

David W. Lewis 

Moses M. Dennett — 

Edwin .T. Shaw 

William H. Osborne . . 

N. T. Howland 

E. H.Stearns 

Cherry Valley 

L. IT. Thompson 

Post Office 

Hammond W. Paige 

Cyrus H. Wesson 

John M. Woods , 

E. P. Simpson 

C. E. Hapgood 

Amasa Guild 

E. S. Horton 

G. A. Hall 

Wm. H. Johnson 

Cor. Shawm ut & Cross 
Sts., Somerville 
E.P. Stanwood 



NlOHT OF 

Meeting. 



1st and 3d Fri. 
1st Saturday 

1st Wednesday 

2d Tuesday 
Monilay 



1st Friday 
Monday 

2dand4thThurs. 
1st Thursday 

Alternate Wed. 
2d Saturday 



2d and 4th Tues. 



Thursday 

2d and last Wed, 
1st Monday 

1st and .3d Mon. 



2d and last Sat. 
3d Monday 
2d Friday 
2d and 4th Mon. 



2d and 4th Tues. 

Friday 

2d and 4th Sat. 




GEORGE H. PATCH, 

DEPARTIVrENT COMMANDER, 
1882-83. 



JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

DEPARTMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS, G.A.R. 

HELD AT 

Boston, 1883. 



JANUARY 29.— EVENING SESSION. 

The Auuual Meeting of the Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Faneuil Hall, Boston, 
Jan. 29, 1883, at 7 o'clock p.m., in compliance with General 
Orders No. 11, from Department Headquarters, and was called 
to order at 7.30 by Department Commander George H. Patch. 
The Officer of the Day reported all present members of the Order. 

Prayer was offered by Department Chaplain John AV. Lee. 

Commander Patch announced the Encampment opened in due 
form, and appointed the following Committee on Credentials, viz. : 
The Assistant Adjutant-General; Chief Mustering Officer A. C. 
Monroe; Assistant Quartermaster-General Geo. L. Goodale ; 
Comrade Chas. H. Parsons of the Council; Comrade E. P. Gibbs 
of Post 9 ; Comrade W. J. Mansfield of Post 12. 

Commander Patch then announced that the Commander-in- 
Chief, with some members of his staff, were in waiting, and desired 
to visit the Encampment. He was waited upon by the following 
committee, viz.: Judge Advocate E. P. Simpson; S. B. Dear- 
born of Post 12; James Pope of Post 4; Benj. A. Bridges of 
Post 6; Zoeth R. Knowles of Post 11 ; James Maguire of Post 
89 ; Peter D. Smith of Post 99 ; Geo. A. Fletcher of Post 102 ; 
S. T. Chamberlain of Post 116; Chas. F. Urann of Post 120; 
Chas. H. Fuller of Post 142 ; who retired to the anteroom and 
immediately returned and presented to the Department Com- 



74 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS.. G.A.R. 

mauder the distiuguisbed visitors, who escorted them to the plat- 
form and presented to the Encampment, Commander-in-Chief 
Paul Van Dervoort of Omaha, Neb. ; Junior Vice-Commander-in- 
Chief Isaac S. Bangs of Waterville, Me. ; Surgeon-General Azel 
Ames, Jr., Wakefield, Mass.; Past Judge Advocate Geo. W. 
Williams of Ohio; Silas A. Barton of Lynn, National Council of 
Administration. 

The Commander-in-Chief was accompanied by the following 
members of his staff, viz. : Adjutant-General Francis PL Brown 
of Omaha, Neb. ; Aides-de-Camp Geo. G. Bailey, Jr., F. W. 
Merriam, John F. Bruce, Geo. C. Joslin, and Assistant Inspector- 
General A. C. Monroe. 

The party were received in a most cordial manner, and after 
the interest incident to the reception had subsided, the regular 
business proceeded. 

On motion of Comrade Hill of Post 33, it was 

Voted, That the reading of the records of last Department 
Encampment be dispensed with. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 437 

Number present 351 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 15 

Past Department Commanders 6 

Post Commanders 115 

Delegates 215 

Total 351 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMl'MKNT. 



75 



DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT, 
1883. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 

Commander George II Patch. 

Senior Vice- Commander ^^ illiam H. Hart. 

Junior Vice-Commander John D. Billings. 

Medical Director Azel Ames, Jr. 

Chaplain J^n^-' W. Lee. 

Council of Administration. 

Willi \M A. Sloane. William S. Frost. William S. Brown. 
Moses P. Palmer. Charles H. Parsons. 

Official Staff. 

Assistant Adjutant-General .... James F.Meech. 

Assistant Quartermaster-General . ■ George L. Goodale. 

Inspector William L. Baird. 

Judge Advocate E. P. Simpson. 

Chief Mustering Officer Alfred C Monroe. 

Past Department Commanders. 
Austin S. Cushman. William Cogswell. 

John W. Kimball. George S. Merrill. 

John G. B. Adams. George W. Ckeasey. 

Post 1. Senior Vice-Commander Ezra K. Ely, Monro Holcomb, James 

F. Tripp, Leopold Bartel. 
Post 2. Commander George C. Joslin, J. Payson Bradlee, Charles II. 

Ross, George H. Inniss. 
Post 3. Commander Joshna W. Brewer, G. E. Dean, G. T. Fisher, 

J. L. Presbrey. 
Post 4. Commander James Pope, C. B. Baldwin. , . . ^^ . 

Post 5. Commander Charles H Baker, A. G. Shepherd, A. A. Davis, 

L O Kirk, John Macfarland, John L. Parker, James W. 

Hoitt, J. H Dwver, (ieorge W. Littlefield, Frank SAvain, 

Edwin Earp, George D Stiles, A. J. Hoitt, Hubert O. 

Moore, Charles W. Sears, George A. Hunt, John G. 

Dervan. 
Post 6. Commander Daniel F. Travis, John M. Hart. 
Post 7. Commander A. E. Perkins, Dennis Meehan, G. B. Martis, l.W/. 

Doherty. 
Post 8 Commander F. E. Wood, Ebenezei; W. Pierce. 
Post 9. Commander Rufus Howe, E P. Gibbs. ,,,,.,, t • 

Post 10. Commander William L. Robinson. Samuel i . Babbitt, Janus 

B. Lamb, Joseph F. Lovering, E. II. Dunl)ar, H. T. Buck, 

F H Rice, L. J, Goodell, Thomas O'Gara, E. L. Dewey. 
Post 11. Commander Zoeth R. Knowles, Thomas Crozier, Lyman H 

Post 12. Comnifnde7 Stanly B. Dearborn, W. J. Mansfield, Rufus F. 

Draper, George A. Seaver. 
Post 13. Commander George A. Grant, Charles W. Tilton. 
Post 14. Commander T. N. Drawbridge, II. E. Snow. 



76 HISTORY DEl'T. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Post 15. Commander Dennis Linehan, Geora;e W. Powers, Thomas 

Lauglon, E. B. Lorinji, John Keefe, Edward F. Rollins. 
PjOST 16. Commander James O. Smith, li. R. McGregor, C. C Margerum, 

C. C. Morrill, J. W. Hersey, R. J. Hamilton, W. C. Good- 
rich. 
Post 17. Not represented. 

Post 18. Commander John H. Balcom, W. F. Merritt. 
Post 19. Commander James Cuthbert, A. T. Hamlet, I. G. Wilkins, 

George E. Goodrich, B M. Merchant, Alphonso Marsh 
Post 20. Commander David W. Snow, Fred. I. Shippee. 
Post 21. Commander Theodore Lentz, Philip Wachter. 
Post 22. Senior Vice-Commander Henry Hancock, Joseph Hancock, 

James H Barker 
Post 23. Commander Wm. H. II, Emmons, Samuel M. Weale, George 

E. Harrington. 
Post 24. Junior Vice-Commander Thomas A. S. Mitchell, G.W. Hastings. 
Post 25. Not represented. 
Post 26. Commander William M. Olin, John L. Perkins, John E. Killian, 

Hiram A. Wright. 
Post 27. Commander John A. Taft, J. E. Nichols. 
Post 28. Commander W. L. G. Haskins. 

Post 29. Commander John G. Miller, Henry C Hall, John II. Whelon 
Post 30. Commander Horace J. Gray, Richard F. Tobin, George II. 

Copeland, P. Allen Lindsey. 
Post 31. Commander A. A Seaverns, Benj. Brown, Henry Young. 
Post 32. Commander A. C. Belcher, Warren D. Lord, Charles M. Mason 
Post 33 Commander J. H. Carton, Thomas H. Hill, A. P. Barrett 
Post 34. Commander Albert J. LoAvd, Mark Heathcote, J Frank Dal- 

ton, Charles J. Sadler. William H. Eastman, William E. 

Welch. 
Post 35. Commander Charles O. Fellows, Henry T. Holmes, George W 

Newhall, Charles A. Merriam, Jos. B. Everdean, Ivory R. 

Allen, Ezra A. Batchelder, George H. Buck, George F. 

Henderson, William F. Gillings. 
Post 36. Commander John H. Hardy, Horace D Durgiu. 
Post 37. Commander George L. Smith, Jarvis H. Jones, Charles P. 

Barton. 
Post 38. Commander J. A. Josselyn, M. A. Octwell. 
Post 39. Commander William D. Curtis, Robert A. Seaver, John Cross, 

Daniel F. Kiley, Andrew C. Stone, John Upham, Jr. 
Post 40. Commander W. w'. Sampson, E. E. Currier, T. E. Barker. 
Post 41. Commandei- Charles H. Clark, William H. Clark, John C. 

Schmidt. 
Post 42. Commander George H Richardson, C. H. Richardson, M. N. 

Peabody, C. A. R. Dimon, J. C. Quinn, F. B Peabody. 
Post 43 Commander E. C. Marsh, John S. Fay, William A. Alley. 
Post 44. Commander Samuel F. Draper, Freeman Faii:.banks. 
Post 45. Albert C. Andrews, Benj. E. Cook. 
Post 46. Commander John H. Abbott, Frank McGraw, Charles Hoar, 

John Fleet. 
Post 47. Commander William H. Johnson, E. G. W. Cartwright, Charles 

E. Peabody, Edgar () Bullock, Dudley P. Corson. 
Post 48. Commander J. Q. A. McCollester, Henry C. Sherwin. 
Post 49. Commander John A. Bean, Thomas E. Cutter, George W. 

Thomas, Caleb P. Davis, Jr , Philip H Creasey. 
Post 50. Commander William H. Hildreth, B. Hardy Millett, George 

O. Peirce, Edward C Spofford. 
Post 51. Senior Vice-Commander Emmon B. Corbin, Palmer P. Johnson. 
Post 52. Commander Ellis R Holbrook. Marcus F. Delano. 



SEVENTEKNTH ANNUAL. ENCAMl'MKNT. 



Post 53. 
Post 54. 
Post 55. 
Post 56 
Post 57. 
Post 58. 



Post 59, 
Post fiO. 
Post 61. 
Post 62. 

Post 63. 
Post 64. 
Post 65. 
Post 66. 
Post 67. 
Post 68. 

Post 69, 
Post 70. 
Post 71. 
Post 72. 
Post 73. 

Post 74. 
Post 75, 
Post 76. 

Post 77. 
Post 78. 

Post 79. 
Post 80. 
Post 81. 
Post 82. 

Post 83, 
Post 84. 
Post 85. 
Post 86. 
Post 87. 
Post 88. 
Post 89. 

Post 90. 

Post 91. 
Post 92. 

Post 93. 
Post 94. 
Post 95. 
Post 96, 
Post 97. 

Post 98. 
Post 99. 



Commander M. Beals, T. J. Ames, Henry Joy. 

Commander .lohn L. Bruce 

Commander Simeon T. Wilber, Ed^ar G. Blandin. 

Commander Daniel T. Dubii?, Melville C Beedle. 

Commander J. F. Capelle, A. M. Lunt, William Gallagher. 

Commander Benjamin S. Lovell, Geoi'ge F. Mavnard, Francis 

A. Bickucll, John P. Burrell, John W. Hart, Charles 

Hawes. 
Commander Edward F. Winn, Peter O. Lynds. 
Commander O. H. Ingalls, W. H. Williams. 
Commander E. P. Morton, T. K Bates. V M. Jepson. 
Commander W. A. Witherbee, Thomas Pickthall, D. A. Conant, 

S. E Morse. 
Commander F'rank P. Simonds, James H. Wright. 
Commander Louis L. Stone 
Commander Henry C. Bruce, H. M. Converse. 
Commander John S. Beck, E. B. Withered, W. H. Warren. 
Commander Henry T. Bingham, Wm. A. Stone, 
Commander Herbert S. Cole, Charles B Fox, S. A. Gushing, 

Jr , Cnther Moulton, .Jr. 
Commander Edward S. Kendall, Abner E. Drury. 
Commander Rodney D. Loomis, A. H. Batcbelor. 
Commander Harry Crosby, J J. Callanem, A. N. Ricker, 
Commander Lysander W^ood, E. A. Lothrop. 
Commander Augustus H Wright, John W. Sproul, Henry B. 

Peirce. 
J. II. Harper, W. B. Seavey. 

Commander R. K. Brown, L. P Benton, T. C. Silke. 
Commander Alouzo H Perry, Benj. A. Hathaway, Arthur S. 

Byrnes. 
Commander Isaac Damon 
Commander Timothy Reed, William II. Gurney, Darius B. 

Mason. 
Commander Peter Snyder, George S. Stockwell. 
Commander George T. Fayerweather, T. N. Gates. 
Commander H. W Martin, George F. Robinson 
Commander William H. Brown, Joseph Gregory, Thomas 

Swasey, Jr., William F\ Sinclair. 
Commander K. C. Waterman, Horace S. Tower. 
W. W. Foster. 

Commander George S Marsh, Henry Council, Frank P. Clark. 
Commander W. C. Pomeroy. 
Commander Henry A Monk, Royal Belcher. 
Commander Isaac M Holt, AVarren B. Muuroe. 
Commander James Maguire, Jeremiah Ferguson, Rufus B. 

Ferguson, William H. Morgan. 
Commander P. H. O'Connell, George W Kenny, William J. 

^lurphy. 
Commander A. L Bundy. 

Commander Benjamin F. Sanborn, David Reed, Michael Cal- 
lahan. 
Commander G R Pierce, J A. Richmond. 
Commander Alexander R. Holmes, Raymond S Byam, 
Commander James H. Boyce, Charles II. Mansfield 
Commander D. M Bailev, F. M. Harrington, Josiah Proctor. 
Commander George M. Abbey, D. K. Shumway, Alvertus 

Morse, Myron P. Walker. 
Commander C. A. Gross 
Commander Peter D. Smith, Brainard Cummings, Sanford K. 

Goldsmith 



78 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., O.A.R. 



Post 100. 
Post 101. 
Post 102. 
Post 103. 
Post 104. 
Post 105. 
Post lOG. 
Post 107. 
Post 108. 
Post 109. 
Post 110. 
Post 111. 
Post 112. 
Post 113. 
Post 114. 
Post 115. 
Post 116. 
Post 117. 
Post 118. 
Post 110 
Post 120. 
Post 121. 

Post 122 
Post 123. 
Post 124. 
Post 125. 
PO.ST 126. 
Post 127. 
Post 128. 
Post 129. 
Post 130. 
Post 131. 
Post 132. 
Post 133. 
Post 134. 
Post 135 
Post 136. 
Post 137. 
Post 138. 
Post 139. 

Post 140. 
Post 141. 
Post 142. 
Post 143. 
Post 144 
PO.ST 145. 
Post 146. 
Post 147 
Post 148 
Post 149 
Post 150. 
Post 151. 
Post 152. 



Coinmander Ernest Wagner, Charles E. Trow. 

Commander W. W. Ray. N. E. Ladcl 

Commander George A. Fletcher, J. Walter Bradlee. 

Commander Charles H Tracy. 

Commander William H. Thomas, P. Nichols Spragne 

E. Warren Harback 

Commander Eugene R. Prior, Calvin W. Pool. 

C W. Cross 

Commander E. P. Wildes, 11. X. Harrison. 

Commander B. F. French. 

Commander W A Croak, Sam. White. 

Not represented. 

Not represented. 

Commander E. H. Richards, A. N. Sampson 

Commander CO. Rol)erts, George A Grant. 

Commander M P. Palmer. 

C. B. BeckAvith. 

Commander William F. Guild, John H. Pember. 

Commander John R. Merritt, William G Earp. 

Morse, Leonard G. Babcock. 

F. Uraun, F. C Wasley, W. W. Tattle. 

B. French, George L. Eldridge, David 



Roswell L. Doane. 



Commander John N, 
Commander Charles 
Commander Lemuel 

W. Lewis. 
Commander L F. Currier. 
Commander James Oliver, Jr. 
Not represented 

Commander Charles M. Whelden, Robert B. Dickie. 
Commander S. H. Smith, F. L. AVheelock. 
Commander Charles Atwood, Edward Pendleton. 
Commander Leach Clark. 
Not represented. 
Commander Henry A Walker. 
Commander Jerome Bottomly, J. F. KeWer. 
Commander S Wells Hunt, ,J. H. Stevens. 
Commander William H. Wade, Edward P. Davis 
Commander Jolm D. N. R Powell, John C. Lambert. 
Commander Hammond W Page, Joseph Mitchell. 
Commander Edward W. Hubbard, James G. Shannon. 
Commander George H. Walker, Cornelius Emmons. 
Commander Charles W. Parker, Isaiah Hutchins. 
Commander Charles F King, John A. Cumraings, F. H 

Buftum. 
Commander William E. Jaquith, J. H. Cox. 
Not represented. 

Commander Charles IL Fuller, N. S Robinson. 
Commander T. W. Clements, A. G. Sanborn, W. Y. Gross. 
Commander C. A. Taft, A. B. Wentworth. 
Commander Fred L LeBaron, Thomas K. Gay, E. S. Horton. 
Commander Chas. H. Harrison. 
Commander H. C. Corains. 
Commander William A Snow, E. B Stillings. 
Commander William H. Seymour, David D. Pike. 
Commander F. A. Fisk. 
Commander Ephraim Bailey. 
Commander Timothy Andrews. 



The next business was the reports of Department Officers, 
commencing with the address of the Department Commander, 
George H. Patch, as follows : — 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 79 

ADDRESS OF 
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER GEORGE 11. PATCH. 

Comrades : Another circuit of the seasons brings us again 
together face to face as members of the organization we love so 
well, to review the work of the past year, take counsel as to the 
duties of the present, and prepare ourselves for the work of the 
future. 

And as we meet here in that full fraternit}' of feeling that 
always marks the true comrade, and consider for the hour the 
present strength and prosperity of our Department and the har- 
mony that has prevailed among the various Posts in our jurisdic- 
tion, sve should not forget (no matter what altar we bow before 
as individuals) to thank the Great Commander of the Universe 
who has protected and preserved us through the changing vicissi- 
tudes of the past twelve mouths, and by His grace and mercy so 
controlled our daily lives as to make us more willing than ever to 
practise to the fullest extent the virtues of our creed. Fraternity, 
Charity and Loyalt}', — Fraternity toward each other. Charity to 
the need}" and destitute, and Loyaltv to our principles and our 
common country. 

We have met here not as a body of men to advance selfish 
schemes or encourage personal aims, but as the representatives of 
a grand and victorious contest in behalf of freedom and union ; 
not to plan for the beuelit of the few, but in behalf of personal 
freedom, true manhood and our nation's honor, all allied to the 
desires and hopes of the many. 

AVe do not meet here in the boyish enthusiasm of youth, but 
in strength and maturity of manhood, with a full knowledge of 
our position before the generation of today, and as ever with loyal 
and true hearts to our country and its flag. 

We meet to renew our faith in the great principles of our 
Order, faith in the true comradeship of Fraternity that shall bind 
us more strongly together as age increases our infirmities and 
depletes our membership. Faith in that universal Charity that 
embraces in its beneficence the deserving soldier or his family 
wherever found, and faith in those vows of devotion to Loyaltj' 
and to the government we fought to maintain, the best that human 
wisdom ever devised, and under which the principles we fought 
for can best be secured. And finally we meet in full accord with, 
and undimmed faith in the belief that Ave are the representatives 
of that Grand Ami}- of the Union, which stood as a wall of 
patriotism against the assaults of treason, and added to the dig- 
nity and glory of the citizen soldiership of America. 

As in those days of our soldier life we questioned no com- 
rade's race, sect, or creed, but only his patriotism and love of 



80 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.H. 

country', so tonight we question no comrade save in accordance 
witli our Rules and Regulations that we may test his patriotic 
devotion to, and faithful service in the Grand Army. Rank, 
position and service disappear in the title " Comrade," and all 
meet upon equal and exact footing in our Encampment. 

With such sentiments inspiring our hearts, we have met to 
perform the annual work of this Encampment, and in full frater- 
nity of feeling I bid you welcome and ask your attention while 
I review the work of the 3'ear, and render an account of my 
stewardship in the high and honorable position to which I was 
elevated by your suffrages at the Encampment held in this hall 
Jan. 30 and 31, 1882. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Jan. 1, 1882, the Department was composed of 137 Posts, 
with an aggregate membership of 10,252, a clear gain of 1,363 
under the commandership of Comrade Creasey. The report of 
the Assistant Adjutant-General imbued me with the idea that the 
excellent S3'stem adopted by m}^ predecessor was worthy of con- 
tinuance, and with the hope in my heart that the end of my offi- 
cial year would see at least 15,000 members in our ranks and 150 
Posts in our Department, I took up the work Commander Creasey 
laid down. While the fondest anticipations have not been real- 
ized the results have been very satisfactory, as we number today 
more than 12,400 members and they are represented by 151 Posts. 
Three of the new Posts belong by courtesy to the administration 
of Comrade Creasey, but by the record they are placed to the 
credit of the present year. And to offset that I have organized 
three Posts since Jan. 1, 1883, and have at headquarters the 
application for a new Post at Wincheudon, with the prospect of 
another from Somerset, both of which I leave as seed corn for my 
successor to cultivate and cause them to bring forth good fruit. 
The net gain of the Department to Dec. 31, 1882, was 2,161, and 
the present condition of the Order has never been equalled. 
Stronger in numbers and finances, and I believe stronger in Fra- 
ternity than ever, we stand today without a single dissenting or 
discordant element in our ranks, ready for the coming duties and 
work of the future. 

FINANCIAL. 

The financial condition of the Department was never so good 
as today. At Department Headquarters there are no liabilities, 
and we are in possession of property and funds to the amount of 
81,293.77. 

The report of the Department Inspector will show that we 
are the banner Department in charity. There has been expended 
in the year from Sept. 30, 1881, to Sept. 30, 1882, $28,429.53, 



SEVENTEENTH ANNLAL ENCAMPMENT. 81 

and ill Post treasuries there remain $88,280.53, thus presenting 
indisputal)le evidence that our comrades understand the objects 
of our Order. 

MEMORIAL DAY. 

This day of hallowed remembrances and sad recollections was 
never so generally observed as the one o*" the past j'ear. Reports 
received from all parts of the Commonwealth show that the mem- 
bers of our Order paraded in larger numbers than ever before, 
took a deeper interest in the ceremonies, and had the cordial 
co-operation of the pulilic to a greater degree than has ever been 
noticed. This is due largely to the fact that it has been made by 
law a legal holiday. That it is too much of a holiday in its tech- 
nical sense is regretted by the members of the Order and by that 
class of our citizens who regard it as a national day of consecra- 
tion, but while, as on other public days, sports and games will be 
resorted to ijy the pleasure-loving portions of our communities, 
it gives an opportunit}' for the comrades to lay aside the pursuits 
of business, forego the demands of labor, and assemble with their 
various Posts, and in the quiet cemeteries, removed from the bus- 
tle of every-day life, touch elbow to elbow again with the shadowy 
hosts of the past, who, by their sacrifices and devotion, made 
the day a possibility. Many of the Posts have changed their 
former program of arrangements, and assemble in the afternoon 
of the day in a quiet way, proceed to the cemeteries, decorate the 
graves, and return to the Post headquarters and dismiss ; and 
assemble in the evening, and, joined by the general public, hold 
impressive memorial services in church or public hall. If this 
can be done without neglecting the visitation to every grave, I 
believe it to be an innovation worthy of practice, for, it seems to 
me, the Grand Army must not lose sight of the great lesson we 
are teaching by our presence and influence upon the generation of 
today, who are familiar with the causes that produced the war and 
the cost by which our flag was kept unsullied and country undi- 
vided, onl}' by the pages of history. Some of the Posts in our 
Department iiave adopted the custom of a special memorial ser- 
vice on the Sabbath prior to or following Memorial Day, as those 
exercises partake both of a religious and patriotic nature. I 
recommend each Post to hold such services yearly, when possible, 
the Sunda}' prior to Memorial Day, in order to prepare the people 
for the observance of the coming day of consecration. 

I cordially concur in the suggestion I was asked to make con- 
cerning the presence of the children. Let them join with us, by 
all means, in dedicating one day in the year to the memory of the 
brave men who died that the nation might live. Train their young 
hearts to love and respect men who died for prinoii)le, turn their 
childish steps to those quiet resting-places of the dead, where they 



82 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

may learn the true nobility that humanity is capable of, and 
guided by such teachings, they will attain the dignity and stature 
of manhood and womanhood, and realize more fully that the 
safety of a free republic depends upon the services of her sons. 

We must use every effort and encourage every movement 
that will tend to keep the day sacred to the people, so that in the 
age and feebleness of our organization, the generations that come 
after us shall see to it that the sentiments that cluster around the 
Day of Memorial may cement more firmly the bond of union, and 
control and guide them to a nobler citizenship, and a higher 
appreciation of the blessings of free government, which under the 
Constitution was made certain and secure by the patriotism of 
those men whose services are that day commemorated. 

THE soldiers' HOME. 

Since the assembling of the last Convention the Soldiers' 
Home on Powder Horn Hill in Chelsea has been opened. I regret, 
as I believe you all do, the absence of the master mind who for 
years has been the head and front of the effort to make it a suc- 
cess ; and I rejoice with you that he has lived to see the fondest 
realization of his expectations. With increasing 3'ears the usual 
robust health that has blessed him in the past began to fail, and 
he is today in the far West, hoping to regain some of his former 
vigor. As Department Commander he was loved and respected, 
as President of the Board of Trustees of the Home none were 
better known, and I ask you, my comrades, to join with me in 
sending to him in his far-away home our heartiest sympathy, and 
our united wish for his complete restoration to health, and that 
the blessing of the Almighty may comfort and sustain him every 
daj' of his life. 

The Department Chaplain will embody in his report a detailed 
story of the condition of the Home, and I only desire to state that 
up to the present time everything is working in a most satisfac- 
tory manner under the efficient superintendent. Gen. James A. 
Cunningham, and the assistance of his wife, the matron of the 
Home, who is a treasure indeed, and loved by every one of the 
veterans who are the recipients of her kindness. 

The average number of inmates for the last three months has 
been about one hundred, the maximum number that can be accom- 
modated with the present fund to draw from. 

The trustees will ask an appropriation from the Legislature 
of a sufficient sum to maintain such a number as the Home will 
accommodate. The only fund now at the disposal of the trustees 
is less than $25,000, and as that is not large enough to create an 
interest fund of sufficient magnitude to support the Home, the 
principal is rapidly and surely depleting. 



SEVKNTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPJIENT 83 

The trustees rely upon your cordial support iu their endeavor 
to raise the necessary amount of funds to make secure the benefits 
of the Home to the a<ied and disabled soldiers of the Common- 
wealth, who, in the prime of their manhood, took their lives in 
their hands and marched to the front in defence of the honor of 
the State of their birth or adoption. 

I recommend that at each succeeding annnal Convention of 
this Department the trustees of the Home be requested to submit 
a report of the yearly work of the Home to the delegates assem- 
bled, in order that the Grand Army which created the Home may 
be kept fully informed as to its condition and needs. 

COUNTY ASSOCIATIONS. 

I give my voice and influence to the encouragement and con- 
tinuance of county associations, and am glad to know that the 
comrades are realizing their value when conducted entirely in the 
interest of the Order. If used to gratify personal ambition, the 
sooner they are abandoned the better. 

Tlie plan of action lately adopted meets my hearty approval, 
and I am sure will reduce the expense of a county association, 
simplify its system of organization, and redound to the good of 
the Posts in the counties where it is carried out. I refer to the 
apparent intention to abstain from yearly encampments and 
parades, and have monthly and semi-monthl}' visitations. I am 
of the opinion that the day for parades and camps of the Grand 
Army is past. Disguise the fact as you may, notwithstanding 
the youthful appearance of many of our comrades, the truth is we 
are getting too old to endure the tramp over paving stones in a 
city, or the usual march through every accepted street of the 
large country town. But we can assemble in delegation and in 
barge, omnibus or boat-sleigh, as the season permits, ride several 
miles to attend a camp-fire, and after enjoying the flow of elo- 
quence, wit and reminiscence, supply the inner man with sub- 
stantial yet inexpensive collation, and cheered by the exhilaration 
of the appetizing coffee, our nerves calmed by the customary 
smoke, ride home again, even at a late hour, and after a sound 
sleep, such as must come after temperate enjoyment, awake 
refreshed for the duties of the coming day. 

To these visitations, which may be had at stated intervals 
not to interfere with the regular meetings, I recommend that 
worthy soldiers not members of the Order be invited, that they 
receive the baptism of spirit that may bring them into the fold. 

In this connection I desire to state that on such occasions as 
Posts may decide to be best for their interest, I recommend that 
the general public be invited to attend, that they may see how the 
Grand Army enjoys itself, and learn that a camp-fire means noth- 



84 HISTORY DEPT. OK MASS., G.A.R. 

ing but a gatheriug of soldiers who are glad to see their friends, 
aud at those meetings nothing occurs that any good citizen can 
object to. 

I am inclined to doubt the good results of an encampment 
under canvas, from the fact that it appears to be ditHcult to get 
a sufficient number together to make it a success. Most of our 
comrades are poor men, and the loss of time, with the extra 
expense, little though it may be, draws too heavily upon those 
whose presence would add much to the interest of the encamp- 
ment. In alluding to this subject I desire to cast no reflection 
upon those camps that have been held, or the comrades who have 
labored hard to make them successful. 

THE NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

It was my pleasure and privilege to attend the National 
Encampment at Baltimore, and I was honored by the escort of 
Dahlgren Post 2 of South Boston, to whom I desire to publicly 
express my thanks for the courtes}' and kindness extended to 
myself and such of my staff as joined me in accepting the honor 
of a special escort. By their kindness I joined with them in 
receiving the true soldier's welcome from the comrades of Phila- 
delphia, and I, as Department Commander of Massachusetts, 
received all the honors the position was entitled to. The recep- 
tion of, and attention paid to Dahlgren Post, and the honor paid 
to me otticially, I am sure cemented stronger the true comradeship 
of the veterans of the Keystone State aud the old Bay State, 
and I believe I spoke the sentiments of your hearts when, in 
responding for the Department of Massachusetts, I assured them 
a warm welcome should their footsteps turn toward our Depart- 
ment, for T am convinced that P^raternity is not one of the lost 
arts among the comrades in our old Commonwealth. 

Massachusetts was represented at the National Convention 
by a full delegation, and I am glad to say all were united in 
purpose and harmonious in action. The evening of the day we 
arrived in Baltimore I called a meeting of the delegates, and 
after a full and free discussion of more than four hours unani- 
mously agreed upon our course in the Encampment; and all 
acted in unison when the Convention assembled. 

In the ballot for Commander-in-Chief we cast our first vote 
for that eloquent veteran, the legless Corporal Tanner ; but as it 
was apparent that the voice of the Convention was calling for the 
private soldier from the West instead of the corporal from the 
East, we changed our vote on the second ballot and the present 
Commander-in-Chief was elected. 

The last day of the Convention caused the position of 
Chaplaiu-in-Chief to be transferred from Massachusetts to New 
York, but our delegation, alive to the interests of our Depart- 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 85 

ment, secured the election of another comrade to a position in the 
National Encampment, Surgeon-General Comrade Azel Ames, 
Jr., the present Medical Director of the Department. Upon his 
return from the Elncampment he tendered his resignation as 
Medical Director, but as his position was an elective and not an 
appointive one, by the advice of the Council of Administration, 
in concurrence with my own opinion, he withdrew the resignation 
in order that the comrades of this Encampment might elect his 
successor. 

I am greatly impressed with the necessity of sending a full 
delegation to each National Encampment in the future, that the 
prestige Massachusetts has obtained in the past may lose nothing 
of its influence hereafter; and in my recommendations to the 
Encampment shall suggest something for their consideration in 
relation to the delegates to the next National P^ncampment. 

THE woman's relief CORPS. 

This association, which came into existence four years ago, 
has passed its days of swaddling clothes and todaj^ stands upon 
a firm basis. Its objects are well understood by the comrades 
and the results of the labors of that earnest band of women 
workers is, 1 am sure, a benefit to this Department. Recognized 
by the comrades of this State as auxiliary to our organization 
and commended by the Commander-in-Chief in General Orders, 
I believe we should extend to them that fraternal feeling that the 
principles of our Order inculcate. Their work is confined to 
assisting the widow and orphan and our suffering comrades ; 
surely there seems to be nothing in such action to merit the 
disapproval of any member of the Grand Army, and so far as 
my personal observation and inquiry has led me to investigate, I 
am satisfied that in communities where Posts and Relief Corps 
work in harmony together, the best possible results have been 
obtained. And if, in the history of the organization, it has some- 
times happened that the best of feeling did not exist, I submit 
that it would be fairer to place the blame where the facts of the 
case leave it, rather than censure the motives of the organization 
whose objects are kindred to our own. The Relief Corps in this 
State now number nine hundred and forty-one members — a 
gain of two hundred and twenty-seven the past year, with a net 
gain of five regularly organized Corps. This, certainly, is an 
evidence of their vitality. They expended in the year 1882 the 
sum of Sr>,043.70, against $1,117.97 in 1881, and have a balance 
on hand in the treasurj^ of 81,155.5G. This surelj' indicates 
charity and also united work, which is necessary to secure sub- 
stantial results. If the above are recognized as facts, then indeed 
does the Woman's Relief Corps deserve our hearty commendation. 
I am satisfied that the Corps, like the Grand Army, is gaining 



86 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

wisdom by experience and is fast outgrowing wliat may have 
seemed to some to be vital defects in its organization ; and wliile 
I may differ with tliem upon questions of policy, I certainly feel 
it to be my duty to commend their organizations to all Posts who^ 
can unite and work in harmony with them as an organization. 
In answer to my request for a few facts to present to this 
Encampment concerning their work during the past year, the 
Secretary of the Relief Corps says, after giving me the figures 
above used: "And we look forward to the coming year with 
hopefulness and deep earnestness, that the results of our work 
as a baud of women may prove financially and socially a benefit 
to that noble organization, the G.A.R., for whose advancement 
and interest we most fervently pray." To such sentiments we 
can all say amen. And while we maj^ not be able to reconcile 
individual opinions contrary to our convictions, we can stand 
upon that broad plane of fairness and justice and as comrades 
and gentlemen pay to these honest, earnest women that tribute 
of respect and esteem due to all wives, sisters and mothers, who, 
by their silent influence, exert such a power in our homes, our 
State and our nation. 

THE SONS OF VETERANS. 

Twenty-two years ago this coming summer, when President 
Lincoln called for men to defend the national capital, many 
young men who today are citizens enjoying all the rights and 
privileges under the law, Avere unborn. That significant fact 
warns us that we are growing old in years, if not in enthusiasm 
and love for the Order. I have always been opposed to the 
introduction into our ranks of any but the genuine soldier ele- 
ment, trusting that we shall complete our work with our original 
membership unbroken save by death, and leaving to posterity 
the grateful task of recounting our virtues and pronouncing our 
epitaph; and I am still of the same opinion. But without any 
attempt at prophecy, I can lift the veil of the future and see not 
far distant the Grand Army of the Republic reporting more 
losses by death each year than we gain by muster-in, and on 
Memorial Day decorating more graves than we have members. 
In this Department alone we place flowers on more than eight 
thousand comrades' graves each year. I trust and believe that 
our influence among the people of that day will increase in pro- 
portion to our decreasing membership. But with increasing age 
and its accompanying decrepitude comes a lack of power to 
prosecute our work. Who shall take our place? Who shall 
hold up our hands? Who better than our sons can take up the 
work that we lay down and in the strength of their young man- 
hood, inspired by the example of their fathers, honor our record 
and perpetuate our principles? So, while I am heartily in favor 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. Si 

of excludiug from our membership any but those allowed by the 
preamble iu our Rules and Regulations, I cordially welcome the 
Sons of Veterans who are of us, but not with us. They are, as 
I understand it, an association composed of the sons of soldiers, 
of sixteen years and upwards, banded together for the following 
purposes : To establish fraternal and social relations between 
each other for the mutual benefit of all concerned. To create 
by their united effort a charity fund to be used to assist each 
other in time of need. And an organization to encourage such 
sentiments among the people as the principles of our organization 
teach and by keeping their membership intact, take up the work 
of the Grand Army, perpetuate its principles, and care for the 
aged and needy veteran when the door of the Post room is closed 
upon him forever by reason of disbaudment. I am not prepared 
to ask this Encampment to take any action concerning them as 
an organization, but recommend Posts to examine the merits of 
the young association and, if they can endorse them and believe 
it to be a benefit, assist them in increasing their membership. 



FROM THE LAST ENCAMPMENT. 

At the last meeting of this Encampment it was voted that 
the Department Commander petition the General Court for an 
annual appropriation of $10,000 in favor of the Massachusetts 
Soldiers' Home. The petition was duly presented and referred 
to the Joint Military Committee. I appeared before that com- 
mittee twice and was supported b}' Past Commanders Adams 
and Creasey and Senior Vice-Commander Hart, and we advocated 
the appropriation, supporting it with such statements as the case 
demanded. The committee, a majority of whom happened to 
be Grand Army men, received us courteously and gave us a fair 
hearing ; but owing to the fact that the Home was unopened and 
at that time we could not decide upon a date for opening, the 
committee, fearing the project would be defeated during its 
passage thi'ough the Legislature, deemed it wise to refer it to the 
next General Court, which was accordingly done. 

The vote of the last PLucampment, providing for a collection 
for the Soldiers' Home on the third Sundav in October, should 
have been carried out by a circular being sent from Department 
Headquarters, calling attention of Posts to the fact. I plead 
guilty to an entire forgetfulness of the vote of the Convention 
until the time stated had passed. The near approach to Thanks- 
giving and the holiday season, and the fact that the trustees 
intended to again petition the General Court for an appropriation, 
caused me to question the expediency of sending the circular later, 
and the vote of the Encampment has not been carried into effect. 



88 HISTORY DEI^T. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



WORK 01- POSTS, 

Paragraph 5 of General Order No. 8 called upon all Post 
Commanders to report the number of camp-fires, fairs, missionarj' 
meetings and other gatherings held by Posts during the year. I 
desired to show what the Posts had been doing under my admin- 
istration to build up the Order and thought to embody it in my re- 
port to this Encampment. But as only nineteen Posts responded 
to the order, I am led to believe that they care but little about 
the matter, and therefore no report of such facts will be made. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

The suggestions I offer under this head are made after care- 
ful consideration of the various propositions they refer to and a 
conviction that such action as is covered by the recommendations 
will result in benefit. 

soldiers' records. 

The preparation of several regimental histories has developed 
the fact that there are many inaccuracies in our records at the 
State House, also in the rolls of the War Department at Wash- 
ington. Men are reported dead at Andersonville who died at 
Macon, others reported dead who are living today; some men 
who enlisted and served for months in a company and are living 
today and can prove their service, are met by the fact that they 
were never officially in such a command and should they desire 
to secure State aid, pension, back pay or any other legitimate 
claim, can never obtain it until the error has been corrected. 
Just how far the Grand Army can take any action 1 am in doubt. 
But I recommend that the incoming Council of Administration 
investigate the facts in the case and if they can devise any remed}' 
for the evil, give them full power to request the State and 
national authorities, upon proper evidence of an error being 
shown, to cause an official correction to be made or an addenda 
made up announcing such corrections ; such addenda to be 
attached to the original record of each land and naval organi- 
zation. 

DEPARTMENT RECORDS. 

Since the organization of this Department the records have 
been well kept and of late years a great deal of care- has been 
used to place them in such a position as to insure them from the 
disastrous effects of fire, that on one occasion proved to be of 
incalculable damage to the Department. The books and papers 
are at present stored in a fire-proof vault for safe keeping, while 
the increasing business of the Department causes an aggregation 
of the value of the papers and the urgent necessity of safe 
keeping. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMIWIENT. 89 

The fact thnt our organization has come to stay for a term 
x)f 3'ears, to say the least, makes our records of peculiar interest 
to our membership. Each year the records of our annual 
Encampment are printed in pamphlet form for distribution to 
the several Posts. I recommend that the incoming Council of 
Administration be authorized to cause the reports of the various 
Encampments to be published in one volume, including all 
General Orders issued by the various Commanders, and fui-nished 
at cost to the Posts who shall desire thein ; the Council not to 
proceed to incur such expense until a sufficient number are 
ordered to insure the expense of publication. With over twelve 
thousand members in the Department I am inclined to believe 
that there are enough members who would like such a record to 
refer to occasionally, and in case of fire at headquarters such of 
the records as would be embodied in the volume could easily be 
replaced. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

I recommend that the delegates in Convention assembled 
instruct the delegates to the National Encampment to cause the 
last sentence of Article VII., Chapter 2, to be stricken out. The 
sentence referred to is as follows: "If there is no election on 
the first two ballots, the name of the comrade receiving the lowest 
number of votes shall be dropped and so on in successive ballots 
until an election is made." As I understand the spirit of the 
Grand Army, the right of free and equal suffrage is assured to 
all comrades in good standing. Believing that the sentence 
referred to disfranchises every comrade who desires to continue 
voting for the comrade who receives the " lowest number of 
votes," I am opposed to its remaining as a portion of the Rules 
and Regulations. 

SUSPENDED MEMBERS. 

I again renew a recommendation that I have several times 
endeavored to carry through the Convention when a delegate, 
that under the caption " Arrearages," the word " may," in 
Sections 3 and 4, be substituted for the word " shall," leaving it 
optional with Posts as to the disposition of non-paying members. 
The rule is peremptory and is as unjust as it is iron-clad. For 
the (Quartermaster who obej's the rule is clearl3' bound to suspend 
every member who is six months in arrears, or drop from the 
rolls any comrade one year in arrears. Such comrade may be 
one thousand miles away from home, may be confined to his bed 
by sickness, and, if the facts are not known to the Quartermaster, 
great injustice may be done. There appears to be no need of 
such a rule, as Posts, in my judgment, are the best judges of 
their own membership and if the harsh word " shall " be stricken 
out and the milder word " may " inserted, Posts who feel that 



90 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

they need to use severer measures can so adapt their by-laws to 
reguhite any necessary difficulty that may arise. I trust the 
Convention may agree with me and ask our delegates to the 
National Encampment to endeavor to secure such amendment to 
the Rules and Regulations. 

TRANSFERS. 

One of the most vexatious provisions of the Rules and Regu- 
lations is the system of transfers. In my opinion it is as useless 
as it is troublesome, of no benefit to the Gi'and Army, and 
a positive injury in many cases to comrades holding such a paper. 
Under the present rules any comrade in good standing who desires 
shall receive a transfer, good for a year from the date of its 
issuance, and during that year he pays no dues, enjoys all the 
privileges of every comrade who is paying, and if, at the end of 
the year, he is not admitted to membership in anj' Post, he is 
honorably discharged and during the year is subject for purposes 
of discipline only to the Post giving the card. If a comrade 
present such transfer to any other Post he has to accompany it 
with an application, and if rejected by the Post his name has to 
be forwarded to Department Headquarters, when, in point of 
fact, if he is not admitted to membership in any other Post 
prior to the expiration of the j^ear, he is honorably discharged. 
Section 3, Article IV., Chapter I., provides the remedy for all the 
trouble of the transfer system. That provides for an honorable 
discharge ; any comrade in good standing can receive one by 
asking and then can do just what he would have to do if he had 
a transfer, make out a new application. He could be elected, 
admitted without muster and renew his membership by renewing 
his obligation. I trust this Encampment will coincide with my 
views and instruct the delegates to amend Article IV., Chapter 
I., by striking out the whole of Section 2. 

COUNCIL AND DELEGATES. 

In speaking of the Nfltion^l Encampment I stated I should 
suggest something to the Convention concerning delegates. The 
recently awakened interest in the Grand Army in the great States 
of the West and their inc;'ease in membership makes it possible 
in the near future for any National Encampment to contain a 
majority of delegates who may by their votes keep the annual 
meeting west of the Mississippi river, and can, if strong enough, 
elect officers without any special regard for the interests of New 
England. Massachusetts has always been a power in the 
National Encampment because of the united front presented by 
their delegation, which in many cases was supported by the dele- 
gates from all the New England States. To keep that position 
in the future it will be necessary to send a full delegation ; and. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



91 



as the ncKt Encampment is to be held at Denver. Col., twenty- 
four hours' ride beyond Omaha, it is important that only those 
deleo-ates are selected who will pledge themselves to go; and as 
the Selection of our representatives is a matter that ought to be 
carefully considered, I recommend that the committee usually 
appointed l)e divided and suggest that two committees be selected, 
viz., a committee of Hve to bring in a list of names for the 
Council of Administration, and one of eleven to bring in a list ot 
deleo-ates and nlternntes to the National P:ncampment. This will 
divide the responsibilities and prevent members of the committee 
from having a pressure brought to bear upon them from two 
directions. ^ I trust the comrades will agree with me in this 
matter to the end that proper representatives may be selected 
who are sure to go and make the influence of our Department a 
power for good in" our next National Encampment. 

PERSONAL WOKK. 

The sense of inward satisfaction I feel at the results of the 
past year has induced me to give to the Encampment a brief 
resuv'e of my labors, in which I have everywhere been met by 
such loyal support and fraternal recognition that the cares of 
official responsibilities and the duties of my office have been so 
lio-htened and my efforts so encouraged that what was a duty 
became a pleasure. I have been able to represent the Department 
on eio-hty-ei^rht different occasions and as near as I compute from 
my note-book, have met the comrades of more than one hundred 
and ten Posts of this Department. 1 have represented the com- 
rades of this State at Calais, Me., Philadelphia, Pa., and Balti- 
more Md In our own Department I have attended twenty-tour 
camp-fires, thirteen Grand Army fairs, eight anniversary dinners, 
ortranized one Post and assisted at the organization or remstitn- 
tio^u of four others, attended the dedication of the Colosseum at 
Lynn and the dedication of three Grand Army halls, attended 
six memorial services, delivered two Memorial Day addresses 
and one special memorial address at Beverly, visited a meeting 
of the Loyal Legion, attended eleven regimental reunions and 
three balls given by Posts of this Department ; and at all these 
gatherings I have endeavored to fitly represent the organization 
which I have the honor to command. 

DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

When I first met with the Council of Administration and 
explained to them my ideas of building up the Order and my 
hopes for the coining^ year, I expressed the wish to all present 
that they would use their own iudgment in visiting Posts, taking 
upon themselves the full authority to officially visit any Post at 
their convenience; and I urged the Senior and -lunior Vice-Com- 



92 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., (i.A.R. 

mautlers uot to feel under obligation to accompany me when I was 
called, but rather to be prepared to represent me before Posts 
whose invitations I should be obliged to decline. This suggestion 
Ihey have carried out to the letter as their report to me will show. 

Senior Vice-Commander Hart has accompanied me but six 
times the past year, although he has made thirty-two otticial 
visitations, having represented the Department Commander at 
nine camp-fires, one monument dedication, one Colosseum dedi- 
cation, four fairs, one picnic, one annual supper, attended the 
National Encampment, visited and inspected four Posts, and 
delivered three Memorial Day addresses. 

Junior Vice-Commander Billings has made fifty-three official 
visits to thirty-nine different Posts, in nine different counties of 
the State, exclusive of marching with Plymouth County Conven- 
tion at Marshfield ; or, in detail, he has both visited and inspected 
six different Posts, performed two regular and two special instal- 
lation services, attended three memorial services, ten camp-fires, 
eight fairs, three anniversaries and five Norfolk County visita- 
tions, and has in this work accompanied the Department Com- 
mander on fifteen different occasions. 

The members of the Council who were called upon to perform 
certain duties did all they were asked to do. Comrade Sloane 
inspected six Posts and visited ten others during the year. 
Comrade Brown both visited and inspected four Posts, making 
eight visitations in all. Comrade Parsons has made about 
twenty visitations, beside attending to his inspection duty, and 
assisted the Department Commander in organizing Post 1.52. 

OFFICIAL STAFF. 

Assistant Adjutant-General Meech has assisted at the organi- 
zation of six Posts, visited and inspected eighteen Posts, attended 
sixteen fairs, camp-fires and missionary meetings, and organized 
three Posts. He has travelled three thousand miles in carrying 
out the missionary work of the Order. 

Assistant Quartermaster Goodale has visited and inspected 
ten Posts and attended to the various duties of his office, and. 
but for a long and severe illness, would have devoted much more 
time to the work of the Order, and has been at the post of duty 
whenever ordered by the Department Commander. 

Inspector William L. Baird has performed all the duties of 
his office faithfully, as his report will show, and has always 
manifested great interest in the upbuilding of the Order. 

Comrade E. B. Loring of Post 15 was appointed as Judge 
Advocate of this Department and served in that position until 
December 6. During that time he inspected several Posts, 
attended camp-fires, Grand Army of the Republic fairs, and 
performed such other duties as were required in the discharge of 
his office. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 93 

Judge Advocate Simpson has visited aud inspected five 
Posts and attended the Department Commander on ionr oflicial 
visitations, beside installing the otlicers of two Posts, making 
sixteen tours of duty in all. 

Chief Mustering Officer Munroe has assisted at the organiza- 
tion of eight Posts, visited four Posts in the spring and inspected 
fourteen Posts in the fall, attended three camp-lires, thjee fairs 
and one misionary meeting. In addition to this duty he was 
called by the Commander-in-Chief to Omaha to open National 
Headquarters and assist the newly appointed Adjutant-General in 
starting the new National administration for the coming year. 
During his visit West he attended several large gatherings of the 
Grand Army in that section of the country, and during the past 
two months has rendered valuable service to the Department in 
the capacity of acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 

AIDES-DE-CAMP. 

Early in the year I called together my staff and aides-de- 
camp and the Council of Administration and laid before them a 
plan of spring visitation to be oHicially made at the expense of 
the aides-de-camp and other officers. I had the idea in view of 
two official visitations, one in the early springtime, to get at the 
condition of the several Posts, and thus, by reports to Headquar- 
ters, show us where the weak points in our line were, so we could 
attend to it at once ; and again, to have the same comrades 
inspect the same Posts in the fall and note the loss or gain in 
numbers, discipline or efficiency. 

In this plan I was cordially supported by all, both elected 
and appointed officers and aides-de-camp, but, owing to the time 
taken in the selection of my aides, the work was delayed so that 
but ninety-four Posts were visited and some of the Posts that 
needed instruction and encouragement were neglected. But even 
with the work partially done, I am more than satisfied wdth the 
experiment, knowing that the spring visitation saved at least 
three Posts to the Department who are now thriving aud prosper- 
ous, and helped a number more over what soer-.ed to their, to be 
a hard road and set their faces toward the r.:orniug. 

The fall inspections were much more satisfactory ; as I am 
happy to state, the report of the Department Inspector will show 
that for the first ti:r.e in the history of this Department every 
Post has been officially inspected. In selecting my aides-de-camp 
I invariably sought present or past Post Commanders, whenever 
such were found in the locality from which I desired to select an 
aide. I selected twenty-eight, in order that I might get from that 
number a corps of active workers who would carry out my ideas 
to the letter. Contrary to my expectations, all but two have 
proven loyal to the core and performed gallant service ; and the 



94 mSTOHV DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

two referred to were, from causes entirely beyond their control, 
obliged to abstain from night work, but their hearts were in it, 
though their bodies were absent. By the efforts of my aides-de- 
camp I have been greatlj^ assisted and in justice to them I desire 
to give you a brief rhume of their work. 

Comrade Counig visited and inspected seven Posts and 
attended three camp-fires. Comrade Pitman has inspected three 
Posts, besides making several visitations to camp-fires and fairs. 
Comrade Fellows has visited and inspected two Posts and 
visited four other Posts, and attended the National Encampment, 
a camp-fire and a dedicatory service. Comrade Philip Creasey 
has accompanied the Department Commander on eight different 
occasions, beside visitiug and inspecting five Posts. Comrade 
Newhall has visited and inspected three Posts and made four 
other official visits. Comrade Gross has attended twent}' gath- 
erings, including his work of visitation and inspection. Com- 
rade Atwood has visited and inspected six Posts, beside attend- 
ing other Grand Arm}' of the Republic gatherings. Comrade 
Wheatou has visited and inspected eight Posts, besides two other 
visits during the j'ear. Comrade Teele has made six official visits 
and inspections, and attended one memorial service and two camp- 
fires. Comrade Pierce has visited and inspected eight Posts, 
installed the officers of one Post and attended three camp-fires. 
Comrade Remington has visited and inspected three Posts and 
attended four camp-fires. Comrade Sa.w3'er visited and inspected 
nine Posts and attended seven camp-fires, and installed the offi- 
cers of two Posts. Comrade Elwell visited eight Posts, inspected 
six, attended nine camp-fires, two picnics and one dedication. 
Comrade Cushing has officially visited four Posts, inspected six, 
visited with the Department Commander twelve Posts, assisted 
in organizing a new Post, and attended the National Encamp- 
ment. Comrade Cook has visited seven Posts. Comrade Thomas 
has inspected four Posts and attended five other gatherings 
of the Grand Army. Comrade Hodges has visited four Posts 
and inspected five, beside attending two other meetings of 
the Grand Army of the Republic. Conuade Lindsey has visited 
four Posts, inspected six and installed the officers of three Posts, 
attended eight meetings of Posts and three camp-fires. Comrade 
Black has visited and inspected four Posts, attended three camp- 
fires and two Grand Army of the Republic fairs. Comrade 
Gibbs visited in the spring ten Posts and inspected them in the 
fall, attended two camp-fires, the opening of two fairs, delivered 
one Memorial Day address, and did special duty at Posts 86 and 
98, in closing up their work after they voted to disband. Com- 
rade Frost has visited and inspected four Posts and attended 
several camp-fires and other Grand Army gatherings. Comrade 
M. B. Palmer attended several camp-fires, installed the officers 



SEVKNTEENTII ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 95 

of one Post and visited a number of Posts in the northern part 
of Middlesex County, and did a grand work in instituting memo- 
rial services in a town where the day had never before been 
observed. 

This work of the elected aud appointed officers, though done 
willingly, has often been i)erformed at some personal sacrifice 
and no inconsiderable expense ; and as the system of frequent 
visitation seems to be the imperative rule for the future, and as 
I am to step down into the ranks again, I desire to speak plainl}' 
to the comrades and give them my views on the matter. To 
those who may succeed me that may be the possessors of plenty 
of this world's goods, the burden may not fall heavily upon them ; 
but unless the Encampment can select such comi-ades to serve 
them aud thus bar out the worthy but poor comrade who ma^- 
possess the needed qualifications for high oflicial position, the 
burden will still be hard to bear. 

As it is generall}^ understood that the visits of Department 
officers are for the benefit of the Post visited, I ask the comrades 
to take into careful consideration the question of necessary 
expense and loss of time incurred by visitations. Every earnest 
comrade can cheerfully and safely give what time is needed, but 
the legitimate expenses of travel and hotel bills should, in my 
judgment, be borne by the Post who may feel the need of the 
Commander and his Staff. This will lift the burden from the 
individual aud place it upon the Post and it will not be felt by 
the mass of men as in the single case. With the adoption of this 
idea and a fair distribution of elected and appointed officers, no 
public gathering of the Grand Army^ ought to be held without a 
Department representative present, if such be the wish of the 
Post, although I am led to believe many successful meetings may 
be held with good results and no such officer be present. 

THE FUTURE OF THE GRAND AR5IY. 

Having arrived at the full maturity of our manhood as an 
organization and realized even the fondest anticipations of the 
projectors of the Grand Army, we now ought to look calmly into 
the future and in our health and power devise ways and means 
not only to add to our lease of life, but to lighten the burdens 
of our later years, when, by reason of feebleness and lack of 
numbers, we may not present so strong a front as today. We 
have been fraternal all these years, through prosperity and 
adversity, through good report and evil report, and need indulge 
in no regrets for the past. "W'e have been loyal to our principles 
as we were to our country and its flag. And we have been chari- 
table, yes, too much so, in my judgment. I am fully aware 
that the second clause in the objects of the Grand Army distiucth' 
states: " To assist such former comrades in arms as need help 



96 EARLY HISTORY, DEPT. OK MASS., G.A.R. 

and protection and to extend needfnl aid to tlie widows and 
orphans of those who liave fallen," and I believe to refnse to 
assist any such worthy person would certainly violate the spirit 
of our Order ; but 1 wish the word " deserving " could be inserted 
therein. 

The Grand Army of the Republic has been in existence 
sixteen years ; it has outlived ridicule, contumely, attacks of 
enemies and false charges, and has steadily progressed to its 
present condition of prosperity and power. And all these years 
thousands of dollars raised by our labor and enterprise have been 
expended by our relief committees, to whom? Those who stood 
shoulder to shoulder in the work of maintaining and perfecting 
our organization ? By no means ; the record of all our Posts 
will show that the soldiers outside our ranks have received by far 
the larger portion of it. 

Far be it from me to condemn the record of the past or to 
take one jot or tittle from that charity that has been so universal. 
But we stand strong today ; we command the respect and confi- 
dence of the citizens of our State ; and while there are no doubt 
satisfactory reasons existing in the minds of many ex-S( Idlers 
that may prevent them from being with us, as they were of us in 
the past, ye't to my mind no good reason can exist that will allow 
them to see us bearing the heat and burden of the day and then 
expect us to aid them when in distress. If the organization is 
not good enough for them lo join, it should be too good for them 
to receive assistance from. I believe the time has come when 
each Post ought to set aside a small per cent of their charity fund 
from which to assist outside soldiers, and devote the balance to 
the cai'e and protection of " deserving" soldiers; and that word 
should include only members of the Order in good standing. 
The consideration of the question of charity has caused me to 
give some thought and attention to the future charities of the 
Order and how the veterans of the Grand Army are to receive 
the care and attention that age and decrepitude call for. 

The remedy is in our own hands, tait it must be applied ere 
we lose our numbers and with them our power. If we can cut 
off promiscuous assistance to soldiers not members of the Order 
and devote our energies to creating a large relief fund, that, 
properly invested, would yield a handsome income, then in the 
later years of our organization or further in the future, when a 
few white-haired veterans represent our Order, the result of our 
labors and theirs, if they are with us today, may enable them to 
live in happiness and contentment and, removed far from the 
visitations of poverty, prepare themselves for the glories of the 
unknown future. Some ^of our Posts have already adopted this 
idea with good results, but I believe that even this method may 
be improved on. The fact that a Post has a fund, whether in 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 97 

the bauds of trustees or of the Post Quartermaster, is sometimes 
of itself a disturbing element. Many Posts have within their 
ranks a certain number of good comrades who have influence, 
but who would not be good financiers and might, if permitted, 
expend a fund legitimately but not carefully. This would not be 
any serious disadvantage if the fund could be recreated ; but if it 
was invested to secure old age against poverty, its expenditure 
would be disastrous to the interests of expectant beneficiaries. 
This may be averted by investing funds in real estate in growing 
localities and, having purchased, make it impossible to ever sell 
it again. The income will be small at first, but lease it for the 
erection of buildings thereon and the ground rent, adjusted to 
keep pace with added valuation, would yield an income that in 
twenty years would be actually surprising. This plan might be 
carried out in many of our cities and growing towns and by 
entailing the property to our descendants, lay the foundation for 
the comfort if not competence of our children. There is a great 
need of some action on our part in creating now, in our vigor, a 
revenue for the days of our decrepitude ; for, unlike other chari- 
table organizations, ours has no specified system of benefits and, 
if it had, we shall soon have no one to work to create the money 
necessary to carry on a system of charity. 

With these facts before us, it will at once be seen that the 
future of the Grand Army must be a future of work and not of 
idleness, and you and I, comrades must be the workers. We 
must work to increase the membership, hoping to secure the aid 
of every soldier worthy to join our ranks ; work to increase the 
system and efficiency of our Posts and our Department ; work 
to inculcate harmony in our ranks, to cement still more closely 
the tie of that Fraternity that has thus far marked our career as 
comrades ; work to create means of assistance for needy and 
suffering comrades and their principles and apply the principle of 
equal and exact justice in its distribution; work to renew in the 
minds of the people of today that sentiment of loyalty that made 
our republic a possibility ; work to teach our children the inesti- 
mable value of liberty and the blessings of free institutions which 
we, by our efforts and in the providence of God, saved from 
disruption and transmitted unsullied to those who shall succeed us. 

When I accepted this position from your hands, with my 
heart filled with pride and gratitude for the confidence reposed in 
me, and realizing the responsibility placed upon me, I said at 
that time: " The example set by my predecessor will be a stimu- 
lus for untiring exertion and I trust that, when at the close of'the 
year I return to you the stewardship you this day have confided 
to my keeping, our ranks will have gained many recruits, our 
charities become more beneficent, and the banner of our Depart- 
ment, unsullied as it has been in the past, shall be held higher 



98 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., O.A.R. 

than ever iu the national cohimns of our Order and still in letter 
and spirit symbolize those grand principles that make us better 
soldiers and more loyal citizens." The work of the year is 
accomplished, its record is made up, and in a few hours more my 
stewardship will pass to other hands, whom you shall elect to 
receive it. That the work of my hands has not been all I could 
ask I do not hesitate to say ; that it has been productive of better 
results than I dared even hope, I am proud to acknowledge. But 
with all the personal satisfaction I feel comes the tender and 
grateful remembrance of cordial and loyal support from every 
comrade iu the Department, without which any effort of miue 
would have been unavailing ; and I hope that when I yield up to 
my successor the responsibilities of the office, I may be spared 
many years of activit}' and usefulness in the ranks from which 
your suffrages called me. And iu conclusion let me invoke you 
to give to those comrades you shall place in official position that 
same support that has made the past year of our life in the Grand 
Army so successful. AVith that prayer upon my lips, I await the 
further pleasure of the Encampment. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1883. 

Department Commander and Comrades: I have the houor to 
present herewith my Seventh Annual Report, covering the doings 
at Department Headquarters for the year 1882. 

Number of Posts, Dec. 31, 1881 137 

" Comrades reported same date 10,252 

" Posts, Dec. 31, 1882 ........ 148 

" Comrades reported same date 12,413 

A clear gain during the year of 2,161 

The foregoing gain, by quarters, is shown by the quarterly 
reports to be as follows, viz. : — 

First quarter 606 

Second quarter 760 

Third quarter 394 

Fourth quarter 401 

The following changes have taken place in the membership 
of the Department duriug the year : — 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 99 

Number of comrades gained by muster .... 2,364 

" " ' transfer .... 228 

*" " '• reinstatement . . 1,452 

Total number gained 4,044 

Number of comrades lost by death 125 

" " " honorable discharge . 37 

" " '•' transfer . . . . 251 

'' " " suspension . . . 1,437 
"■ "• '• dishonorable discharge, none 

" " '• disbanding of Posts . ;')3 



Total loss 1,883 



Excess of gains over losses 2,101 

Number of rejections during the year .... 60 

POSTS . 

Two Posts have surrendered their charters during the year, 
viz.. Post 86 of Maynard, and Post 98 of Princeton. These 
Posts were small and had been ailing for a long time, and owing 
to their climatic surroundings the}' were forced to surrender. The 
latter Post had become so demoralized that they have never made 
their reports for the last quarter they were in existence, conse- 
quently their affairs were not "closed up honorabh' " and the 
members are not eligible to admission to other Posts until that 
indebtedness is paid. 

Three Posts have been reorganized during the year, viz. : 
Post 14 of Hopkinton; Post 133 of Plainville ; and Post 146 of 
New Bedford. 

Ten new Posts were organized during the year, viz. : — 



Post 86 . 


Northampton. 


Post 137 . 


. East Douglas. 


" 125 . 


. Pittsfield. 


" 138 . 


. West Acton. 


" 128 . 


Ipswich. 


" 140 . 


. Athol. 


" 130 . 


. Medway. 


" 141 . 


Harwich. 


" 132 . 


Sandwich. 


" 147 . 


Amherst. 



These Posts are reported in generally excellent condition, and 
some of them have taken an advanced position in our Order. 



MISSIONARY WORK. 



The missionary work of 1881 has been continued with mag- 
nificent results, as shown by all reports. The ploughing that has 
been done in previous years by other administrations, together 
with the active work of the odicers of the year just closing, places 



100 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 

the Department on a sure foundation not only numerically but 
financially. As a result of these labors three new Posts have been 
organized since January 1, and as many more are awaiting organi- 
zation. I see no reason why the growth of the Department should 
not continue for several 3'ears yet, and with careful, earnest work 
on the part, not alone of Department officers, but of Posts and 
comrades, I predict a larger growth for the year to come than that 
which has gladdened our hearts for the one that is closing. 

COUNTY ORGANIZATIONS. 

In previous reports I have referred to this matter and have 
expressed my faith in them. I renew it again, and would see 
them encouraged with much caution and not officially. There may 
be danger in allowing to be established in different parts of the 
Commonwealth headquarters for such and such counties, with all 
the paraphernalia and machinery as a sort of dividing line or 
wedge to separate the Posts from the Department. I believe that 
the machinery of the Grand Army is as complicated as it should 
be, in fact its very simplicity is the strongest point in its favor. 
Therefore, in these days when certain organizations are clamoring 
for recognition by our Order, even with half an eye on the perpetu- 
ation of the Grand Army, I am decidedly of the opinion that 
their advances should be firmly but politely declined. 

The County Summary has been omitted in this report, as the 
necessity of a continuation of it does not seem to exist. I how- 
ever, beg to present herewith a tabulated report by counties. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



101 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES. 



BERKSHIKE COUNTY 



Post. 
79, North Adams, 

125, rittsttekl, 

126, Adams, 



No. Date of 

Mems. Charter. 

39, Mar. 20, 1869 
72, Mar. 10, 1882 
34, June 12, 1870 



Total — Posts, 3; members, U.'i. 



BRISTOL COUNTY 



1, New Bedford, 

3, Taunton, 
46, Fall River, 
52, South Easton, 
55, Taunton, 

145, Attleboro, 

146, New Bedford, 
Total — Posts, 7 



140, Oct. 14, 1866 

161, .Jan. 2, 1867 

125, .Jan. 22, 1868 

51, Feb. 29, 1><68 

31, Feb. 5, 1872 

80, June 6, 1S71 

19, April 27, 1881 

: members, 607. 



HAMl'DKN COUNTY. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



a, 
34, 
39, 
45, 
47, 
49, 
50, 
67, 
82, 
89, 
90, 
95, 
99, 
100, 
101, 
106, 
108, 
114, 

lis, 

122, 
128, 
151, 



Lynn, 
Salem. 
Lawrence, 
Gloucester, 
Haverhill, 
Newburyport, 
Peabody, 
Manchester, 
Marblehead, 
Beverly, 
Dan vers, 
Saugus, 
Andover, 
Methuen, 
Groveland, 
Rockport, 
Georgetown, 
Merrimac, 
Swampscott, 
Ainesbury, 
Ipswich, 
West Newbury, 
Total — Posts, 22 



607, Feb. 
266, Nov. 
279, Dec. 
77, Jan. 
176, Jan. 
218, Feb. 
129, April 

26, Sept. 
95, Mar. 

117, June 
91, June 
23, June 
54, April 
73, Feb. 
51, July 

27, Dec. 
31, Aug. 
56, Dec. 
31, Jan. 
40, Mar. 
51, Jan. 
14, Jan. 

; members, 



27, 1867 
15, 1867 
10, 1867 
21, 1S80 

28, 1868 

17, 1S68 

28, 1879 

29, 1868 

29, 1880 
5, 1869 
8, 1869 
4, 1869 

18, 1881 
1, 1877 

16, 1869 

30, 1881 
18, 1869 
20, 1S69 
24, 1870 
23, 1870 

17, 1882 
10, 1874 

2,532. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 

17. Orange, 56, Aug. 9, 1867 

20, Colerain, 25, March 4, 1875 

84, South Deerfield, 20, April 17, 1872 
93, Shelburne Falls, 49, June 15, 1869 
Total — Posts, 4; members, 150. 



Post. 

16, Springfield, 
41, Westfleld, 
71, Holyoke, 
103, Chicopee, 
107, Palmer, 



No. 

Werns. 



Date of 
Charter. 



244, Aug. 9, 1867 

42, Jan. 9, 1868 

73, Nov. 25, 1868 

.56, Oct. 27, 1879 

29, July 18, 1881 



Total— Posts, 5; members, 444. 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 

85, Ware, 33, May 12, 1869 

86, Northampton, 46, Aiig. 4, 1882 
97, Belchertown, 43, Nov. 23, 1872 

147, Amherst, 54, Oct. 31, 1882 

Total — Posts, 4 ; members, 176. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



4, Melrose, 

6, HoUiston, 

9, Hudson, 
12, Wakefield, 
14, Hopkinton, 
18, Ashland, 

29, Waltham, 

30, Cambridge, 
33, Woburn, 
36, Arlington, 
40, Maiden, 

42, Lowell, 

43, Marlboro, 
48, Ayer, 

56, Cambridge, 

57, Cambridge, 

62, Newton, 

63, Natick, 
06, Medford, 
75, Stoneham, 
81, Watertown, 
86, Maynard, 

115, Groton, 

119, Lexington, 

120, Lowell, 

138, Acton, 

139, Somerville, 
142, Framingham, 
148, Winchester, 

Total — Posts, 



56, Feb. 
53, March 
45, May 
138, Aug. 
22, July, 
40, Aug. 
74, Oct. 

93, Oct. 

94, Nov. 
40, May 
71, Oct. 

196, Jan. 

113, Jan. 
30, Jan. 
69, June 
79, June 
76, July 
49, July 
91, Aug. 

103, Dec. 

37, Dec. 
21, May 
40, July 
17, 

105, Oct. 
44, May 
72, Aug. 

38, Nov. 
35, May 

29; members. 



19, 1867 
8, 1867 
27, 1867 
16, 1867 
1882 
12, 1867 
21, 1867 
23, 1867 

6, 1867 
26, 1S81 

1, 1873 
15, 1868 
15, 1868 
18, 1868 
26, 1868 

29, 1868 
21, 1868 
23, 1880 
21, 1868 
15, If 69 
20, 1871 
26, 1869 

30, 1874 

26, 1881 
2, 1883 
18, 1870 
29, 1870 
22, 1872 
1,9,51. 



102 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES— Confmwed. 





NORFOLK 


COUNTY. 






Post 




Xo. 


Date of 




















Mems 


Ch 


artei 




Pos 


. 


No. 
Mems 


Date 
Charte 


r 


92, 


Brighton, 


47, 


Nov. 


12, 


1873 


58, 


Weymoutb, 


192, 


July 


2 


1808 


113, 


Boston, 


65, 


Dec. 


18, 


1869 


60, 


Franklin, 


30, 


May 


16, 


1881 


134, 


Boston, 


23, 


June 


29, 


1870 


Ti, 


Stoughton, 


35, 


Nov. 


13, 


1868 


149, 


Charlestown, 


23, 


Dec. 


11, 


1872 


87, 


Braintree, 


30, 


June 


2, 


1869 




Total — Posts, 14 


, members, 1,36:3 




88, 


Quincy, 


60, 


June 


4, 


1869 














91, 


Foxboro, 


30, 


June 


12, 


1869 




WORCESTER COUNTY. 






94, 


Canton, 


62, 


June 


24, 


1869 














102, 


Milton. 


,52, 


April 


3, 


1879 


1<1, 


Worcester, 


400, 


April 


13, 


1867 


110, 


Randolph, 


36, 


Oct. 


29, 


1869 


19, 


Fitchburg, 


151, 


Aug. 


16, 


1867 


117, 


Medfleld, 


20, 


Jan. 


3, 


1870 


22, 


Milford, 


61, 


Sept. 


19, 


1867 


121, 


Hyde Park, 


114, 


Mar. 


22 


1870 


24, 


Grafton, 


20, 


Sept. 


25, 


1867 


130, 


Medway, 


22, 


Mar. 


18, 


1882 


25, 


Uxbridge, 


24, 


Sept. 


.30, 


1867 


133, 


Plainville, 


30, 


May 


23, 


1882 


27, 


Oxford, 


42, 


Nov. 


12, 


1870 


143, 


Brookline, 


43, 


Jan. 


24, 


1871 


28, 


West Boylston, 


19, 


Oct. 


12, 


1867 


144 


Dedham, 


46, 


May 


22, 


1871 


37, 


Spencer, 


102, 


Nov. 


20, 


1867 




Total— Posts, 15 


; members, 


802. 




38, 


Brookfleld, 


28, 


Nov. 


27, 


1867 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 



8, Middleboro, 
13, Brockton, 
31, Scituate, 

73, Abington, 

74, Rockland, 
76, Plymouth, 
78, So. Abington, 
S3, Hanover, 

104, Hingham, 

111, Pembroke, 

112, South Scituate, 
124, E. Bridgewater, 
127, Hanson, 

Total — Posts, 13; 



57, Mar, 

55, July 

36, July 

99, Dec. 

102, Jan. 

81, Jan. 

108, Jan. 

38, April 29, 

66, July 29, 

33, Oct. 29 

27, Nov. 1 

19, June 7 

25, June 11 
members, 746. 



1867 
1867 
1875 
1868 
1800 
1869 
1869 
1869 
1869 
1869 
1869 
1870 
1870 



SUFFOLK COUNTY. 



2, South Boston, 

7, Bob-ton, 
11, Charlestown, 
15, Boston, 
21, Boston, 
23, East Boston, 
26, Roxbury, 
32, South Boston, 
35, Chelsea, 
68, Dorchester, 



113, Feb. 26, 1880 

145, Mar. 11, 1867 

74, April 23, 1867 

215, Aug. 6, 1867 

47, Feb. 22, 1881 

82, Sept. 17, 1867 

103, Oct. 1, 1867 

66, Nov. 6, 1867 

284, Nov. 16, 1867 

76, Oct. 8, 1868 



44, Southboro, 
51, N. Brooktield, 

53, Leominster, 

54, Berlin, 
59, Sterling, 
61, Webster, 
64, Clinton, 
05, Warren, 

69, Westminster, 

70, Millbury, 
77, Holden, 
80, Westboro, 
96, Northboro, 
98, Princeton, 

105, Upton, 
109, Templeton, 
116, Gardner, 
123, Athol, 
131, Leicester, 

135, Shrewsbury, 

136, Rutland, 

137, East Douglas, 
140, Athol, 

Total — Posts, 32 



38, May 
53, Feb. 
90, June 
24, June 
26, July 
86, July 
66, Aug. 

44, Aug. 
28, Nov. 

45, Aug. 
24, Jan. 
59, June 
24, June 
18, Aug. 
31, July 
18, Oct. 
50, Dec. 
58, June 
48, June 
18, Dec. 
11, July 

39, Sept. 
72, Feb. 

; members. 



17, 1878 
28, 1868 
13, 1868 

2, 1868 

3, 1868 
21, 1868 

17, 1868 
21, 1868 

9, 1866 
3, 1876 
19, 1869 

18, 1881 
28, 1869 

3, 1877 
15, 1881 
11, 1869 
30, 1869 

1, 1870 
21, 1870 
30, 1873 

1, 1870 

21, 1882 

22, 1881 
1,817. 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 

132, Sandwich, 23, Feb. 24, 1882 

141, Harwich, 41, Mar. 15,1882 

Total — Posts, 2 ; members, 64. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 103 



RECORDS. 

The conditions of the records of the Department is a matter 
to which I have given much thought. The older members of the 
Department will recall the fire that destroyed our headquarters on 
May 80, 1878. At that time not only our own records and prop- 
erty, but all belonging to National Headquarters, which had but 
the day before been transferred from New York, was a total 
loss ; and all we have so far as the early history of the Depart- 
ment is concerned is rather a matter of tradition. We have noth- 
ing definite previous to 1873, either written or printed, and even 
our records for 1873 and 1874 will require immediate attention, 
as they are partly written and partially made up of newspaper 
cuttings, and the latter are turning yellow and becoming other- 
wise indistinct. 

I am sure the material is at hand or can be secured that will 
complete these records from the earliest days, especially as many 
of the comrades are living who were active then. 

I have endeavored to secure as much material as possible in 
the years I have been at headquarters, but have not been as suc- 
cessful as I could wish, owing to a press of other business. In 
view of the fact that I may have more leisure to attend to such mat- 
ters in the year to come, I propose to the Department, with your 
permission, to secure the information necessary and put it in such 
shape as will seem to be the most desirable, and at some future 
meeting of the Department I will submit the result of my labors 
for your approval. So far as the expense is concerned, I would 
suggest that none be incurred without the approval of the incom- 
ing Council of Administration, and then only for postage, etc. 

HEADQUARTERS. 

The oflRce we have used for a little over four years past is 
wanted for other purposes and must be vacated at once. Whether 
the new administration will succeed in obtaining so desirable a 
location is a question, but I trust that the climbing propensities 
of our comrades will be taken into consideration when the selec- 
tion is made. 

The amount of business transacted at headquarters has aver- 
aged with the previous year not only as to the correspondence 
received, but forwarded, with somewhat of an increase in the 
latter. Twelve General Orders and one hundred and twelve 
Special Orders have been issued under the present administration. 

During the latter part of the year I have been obliged to absent 
myself from headquarters more or less, but was satisfied that 
naught could ^o wrong under the guidance of the acting Assistant 



104 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Adjutant-General and the young man who has seemed to have 
become a part of headquarters. 

I respectfully present a recommendation at this time regarding 
the incoming Assistant Adjutant-General, not only that the 
salary and extra allowance for clerk hire be continued, but that 
his actual hotel and travelling expenses while attending the ses- 
sions of the National Encampment be paid by the Department. 

CONCLUSION. 

Comrades, I presume it is generally known that with the close 
of this Encampment my official connection with headquarters will 
cease. After nearly seven years' occupancy of the position as 
Assistant Adjutant-General, it would be strange indeed if I did 
not look upon my connection with the Department with mingled 
feelings of interest and satisfaction, especially the latter, when it 
is taken into consideration that I have seen some wonderful 
changes in the condition of the Department. I have seen its 
membership go down to 7,550 and its finances at a very low 
point, and today we see a handsome surplus on hand and 12,600 
members, a larger paying number than ever before, and the end is 
not yet. I am sure the glorious future of the Department is 
assured, and that no backward step will be taken for years at 
least. 

In taking leave of you, my comrades, and in severing my 
official connection with headquarters and the Department, I can- 
not refrain from expressing my sincere and heartfelt appreciation 
of favors received from all, without reserve, and 1 bespeak for 
my successor the same cordial and fraternal relations. 

JAMES F. MEECH, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Deft, of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1883. 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : As required by the Rules and Regulations of our 
Order, I submit herewith a statement of the doings of the Assist- 
ant Quartermaster-General's Department from Dec. 31, 1881, to 
the present date. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



105 



RECEIPTS. 



Dr. 



1882. 

Cash on hand as per last report . . . 

Received for dues, fourth quarter, 1881 

" " first ([uarter, 1882 

" '■ second quarter, 1882 

'' third (luarter, 1882 

" " books and blanks . 

•' " badges .... 

" " sundries 



Total receipts 

Vouchers No 525 to 623 cover expenditures. 



$33 


17 


821 


i •> 


806 


24 


929 


44 


955 


32 


509 


74 


1,808 


75 


187 


70 



5,112 11 



In compliunce with instructions of last p:ucampment 1 sub- 
mit a statement of affairs of the Department to date, thus iuelud- 
ino; the fourth quarter of 1882, and all items up to 4 o'clock this 

P.M. 

Balance former account $298 24 

Received for dues, fourth (juarter, 1882 .... 988 05 

" books and blanks 78 10 

badges 195 00 

" sundries .... ..... 32 50 

$1,591 89 

Jan. 29, 1883, balance cash on hand .... $683 71 



Paid 



EXPENDITURES. 

Cr. 

inspector's expenses, 1881 $55 84 

1882 96 28 

National Headquarters, books, badges and 

supplies 1,730 25 

National Headquarters, dues 447 40 

Assistant Adjutant-General's salary to Dec. 

1, 1882 1,191 67 

rent and care of oflSce 350 00 

printing proceedings, furnishing General 

Orders, rosters, books, etc 668 24 

postage stamps, postal cards and otflce expense 288 24 

missionary work and organizing new Posts . 151 38 

extra clerk hire .... 300 00 

balance due on National Headquarters . . 481 49 
sundries, chairs used at Encampment, elec- 
trotypes of G.A.R. badge. Headquarters 

Eutaw House, cabinet for blanks, etc. . . 53 08 

Total expenditures 

Balance to new account 



$5,813 87 
298 24 

86,112 11 



106 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Paid inspection expenses 

printing General Orders, books, etc. . . 

postage, postal cards, office expenses . 

Assistant Adjutant-General's salary for Dec. 
1, 1882 

extra clerk hire 

National Headquarters, supplies . . . . 
" " dues .... 

missionary work, new Posts 

rent and lease of office 

Assistant Adjutant-General's salai-y for Jan- 
uary, 1883 



Expenditures for month 
Balance to new account 



ASSETS. 



Value of supplies on hand . . . . 
Due from Posts, C O D. not returned 
Office furniture, colors, etc. ... 
Cash 



$55 98 




201 25 




35 29 




108 33 




100 00 




125 00 




124 13 




20 70 




29 17 




108 33 






908 18 




683 71 




$1,591 89 


$387 27 




2C 50 




200 00 




683 71 






$1,297 48 



It is with greatest pleasure that I present to you this most 
favorable report of the financial condition of the Department at 
the present time. For the first time within the past ten years 
the Department is absolutely free from debt and has a handsome 
balance at its credit. This most pleasant condition of affairs is 
due to the increased membership and the consequent demand for 
books and papers ; thus not only does au increased membership 
add numerically to our numbers, but it adds very materially to 
the financial standing of the Department. 

With the hope that the present good showing of our finances 
may be an incentive and a stimulus for us all to labor for the 
future progress and strengthening of our Order, I am, 

Fraternally yours, 

GEORGE L. GOODALE, 
Assistant Quartermaster-General . 



REPORT OF INSPECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1883. 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Comrade : I have the honor to submit herewith the consoli- 
dated report in duplicate of the inspections of the Posts in this 
Department for %q year ending Sept. 30, 1882. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 107 

The report includes 148 Posts, being the whole number in 
existence at that date, and I believe that I am not mistaken in 
sa3nng that this is the first time in the history of the Department 
that the Inspector has been able to make a full report. 

Number of comrades in good standing Sept. 30, 12,288 
The work of the Ritual is committed to memory and 

properly performed in 71 Posts. 

The officers and guards are uniformed and equipped in 91 " 

Comrades are uniformed and equipped in ... GU " 

877 muskets are owned by 125 " 

Officers are regular in attendance in 128 " 

Comrades are regular in attendance in . . . . 117 " 

They exhibit an interest in the Post in . . . . 133 " 

The records are complete and well kept in . . . 140 " 

Orders are received and regularly read in ... 146 " 

They are duly obeyed in 143 " 

Orders from headquarters are missing iu . . . . 12 " 

All reports and dues have been forwarded from . 147 " 
The amount charged for muster-in averages . . $2.26| 

The amount charged for dues quarterly averages . ,65f 

Weekly benefits are paid in sickness by 38 Posts, 28 Posts 
paying regular amounts averaging $3.03.^ per week, and 10 
Posts paying such sums as the Post may vote in each case. 

There are relief funds for charitable purposes in 116 Posts. 
The amount of money in these funds is $89,280.53. This fund 
is systematically dispensed in 112 Posts. 

Amount expended in charity from Sept. 30, 1881, to Sept. 
30, 1882, $28,429.53. 

Prospects of the Posts are reported to be as follows : 

Excellent, 30; good, 81; fair, 26; poor, 10. 

The gain in membership to September 30 has been 2,333. 

There are four Posts numbering more than 300 comrades, 
namely: Post 5 of Lynn, 783 ; Post 10 of Worcester, 434 ; Post 
35 of Chelsea, 390; and Post 16 of Springfield, 328; four Posts 
number between 250 and 300, namely : Post 39 of Lawrence, 
Post 34 of Salem, Post 58 of Weymouth and Post 15 of Boston ; 
two Posts number between 200 and 250, namely : Post 42 of 
Lowell and Post 49 of Newburyport ; eight Posts number between 
150 and 200; seventeen Posts number between 100 and 150; 
seventeen Posts number between 75 and 100; twenty-eight Posts 
number between 50 and 75 ; fifty-two Posts number between 25 
and 50 ; eight Posts number between 20 and 25 ; seven Posts 
number less than 20. 

The increase in the amount of money in the relief funds 
during the year is $12,250.93. 



108 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman. 

Dalilg:ren 

W. IT. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lander 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell. 

E. W. Peirce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

0. C. Phillips 

.lohn A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrich Hecker 

Ma.i. E. F. Fletcher.. 
Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague.. .. 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson . . 

Chas. Devens 

Geo. D. Wells 

P. P. H. Rogers 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo. W. Perry 

Washington 

Burbank 

Phil. H. Sheridan.... 
Theodore Winthrop. 
Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Hiram G. Berry 

Lyon ' 

B. F. Butler 

John A.Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols... 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major Howe 

Geo. S. Boutwell 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union .. . 

Ezra Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Chas. H. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings. 

1. D. Paull 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Maj. J. A. Pratt 

Franklin . . 





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3 


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4 


53 


No 


No 


No 


.5 


783 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


6 


47 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


7 


167 


Yes 


Yes 


Y^es 


8 


57 


No 


No 


No 


9 


()6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


10 


434 


Yes 


No 


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11 


85 


No 


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12 


146 


No 


Yes 


No 


n 


61 


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14 


22 


No 


No 


No 


15 


256 


Yes 


Yes 


Y"es 


16 


328 


Yes 


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Yes 


17 


57 


Yes 


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18 


30 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


19 


190 


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Yes 


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20 


25 


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Yes 


Y^es 


21 


.55 


No 


No 


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22 


70 


No 


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Y'es 


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85 


No 


No 


No 


24 


.30 


No 


No 


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25 


28 


No 


No 


No 


26 


106 


No 


No 


No 


27 


49 


Yes 


No 


No 


28 


35 


No 


No 


No 


29 


88 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


30 


1.31 


No 


Yes 


No 


31 


48 


Yes 


No 


No 


32 


80 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


;« 


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Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


.34 


260 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


35 


390 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


36 


48 


Yes 


Part 


Part 


37 


105 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


38 


31 


Yes 


No 


No 


39 


297 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


40 


92 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


41 


129 


No 


No 


No 


42 


227 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


43 


115 


Yes 


Y^es 


Yes 


44 


.34 


Yes 


Yes 


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45 


104 


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No 


46 


165 


No 


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47 


178 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


48 


32 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


49 


221 


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Y'es 


50 


1.39 


Yes 


Yes 


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51 


55 


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No 


.52 


50 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


5,3 


99 


Yes 


Y'^es 


Y'es 


.54 


23 


No 


No 


No 


.55 


25 


No 


No 


No 


.56 


74 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


57 


104 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


.58 


259 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


.59 


26 


No 


No 


No 


60 


46 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 



11 



30 
6 

12 
6 

52 
4 
4 
2 
4 

12 

12 
6 
9 
1 
3 
8 

6 
6 
5 
6 
2 
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10 
5 
6 
3 
6 
5 
4 
6 
5 

20 



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Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Fair 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



££ 



.£ J5 



Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'^es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yea 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Fair 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

J^air 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Fair 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Fairly 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 109 

Massachusetts G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, i882. 






I None 
None! 
None 
3, •82 
1-2, '81 

! None 
None 
None 

! None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 

I None 
None 
None 
None 
1-4 
None 
None 

1 
None 
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None' 
None 
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None 
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None! 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 



None 

4 
None 
None 

3 



None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 

7 
None 
None 
Five 
None 
None 

None 
None 
None 
None 
None 

6 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
N one 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 

4 
None 
None 



None 

None 
None 
None 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'^es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Y'es 



■a 3 

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11 



$2 00 

3 00 

4 00 
1 00 

5 00 
5 00 
3 00 
3 00 
•2 00 
3 00 
5 00 

1 00 
3 50 

2 00 
2 00 

2 00 
1 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

2 00 
1 00 

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1 00 

2 00 
1 00 

3 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
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1 00 

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2 75 

1 00 

4 00 

2 00 

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3 75 

2 00 

3 00 

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3 00 

1 00 

2 00 
1 00 

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4 00 
2 00 
15 00 
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$100 

75 
65 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 

1 00 
50 
75 
25 
75 

1 00 

1 00 
50 
50 
75 
75 
50 
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1 00 
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1 00 
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1 00 
1 00 



Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 



$2 00 



4 00 

By Vote 



By Vote 

2 50 

3 00 



By Vote 



3 00 
3 00 



1 00 
3 00 



3 00 



2 00 
5 00 



Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 



3 00 
3 00 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 



a 


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$1,040 06 


Yes 


1,026 06 


Y'es 


2,278 41 


Yes 


8 64 


Yes 


2,135 40 


Yes 


11 52 


Y'es 


300 76 


Y'es 


1,002 18 


Y'es 


1,883 02 


Yes 


1,548 47 


Yes 


1,900 00 


Yes 


398 15 


Yes 


1,393 01 


Yes 




No 


64 39 


Yes 


119 86 


Yes 


195 18 


Y'es 


550 37 


Yes 


2,277 48 


Yes 


112 41 


Yes 


200 00 


Yes 


1,000 00 


Yes 


79 


No 





No 


236 35 


Yes 


46 53 


Yes 


9 00 


Yes 


124 40 


Yes 


2,681 B4 


Y'es 




Y'es 
Y'es 


769 74 


5 00 


Y'es 


650 00 


Y'es 


2,521 68 


Yes 




Yes 


1,200 00 


Yes 


615 52 


Yes 


393 57 


Yes 


3,296 00 


Y'es 


1,123 73 


Y'es 




No 
Yes 


2,109 56 


3,fll 12 


Y'es 


87 60 


Yes 


1,101 24 


Y'es 


23 60 


Yes 




No 


520 05 


Y'es 


8,000 00 


Yes 


1,600 00 


Yes 


125 41 


Y'es 


196 66 


Yes 


838 44 


Yes 


201 62 


Y'es 




No 
Y'es 


110 00 


406 88 


Y'es 


9,400 30 


Yes 


50 78 


Y'es 


400 00 


No 



$468 22 

24 68 

1,266 45 

56 75 

3,573 00 

353 57 

159 55 

72 48 

365 00 

1,579 41 

85 00 

1,025 00 

299 39 



174 55 
197 68 
33 25 
80 45 
602 30 
10 00 
104 00 
130 00 
184 98 
5 00 

67 00 
122 26 

24 00 

13 70 

167 55 

95 34 

232 55 

30 00 

40 20 

672 07 

596 25 

165 37 

164 44 

21 00 
860 63 
274 14 

9 00 

2,271 93 

341 43 

20 00 

43 63 

272 74 

828 23 

52 15 

311 65 

417 60 

22 00 
98 48 

255 70 
20 00 

202 50 

68 51 
1,451 57 

65 00 



Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Fail- 
Excellent 
E;xcellent 
Excellent 
Fair 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Gootl 
Fair 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Fair 
Good 
Fair 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Fair 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Fair 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Fair 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Fair 
Poor 
Fair 
Good 
Excellent 
Fair 
Good 



110 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

ANNUAL Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Tost. 



Nathaniel Lvon 

Ohas. Ward". 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. U. Raker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Renj. Stone, Jr 

Jos." r. Rice . . 

Geo. A. Custer 

Kilpatrick 

A.St. John Chambre.. 

MePherson 

Hartsulf 

J. P.Gould 

Collin^wood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

W. L. Baker 

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer. 

Paul Revere 

J W. Chipman, Jr 

AVard 

E. P. Carpenter. 



Francis Washburn ' 92 



93 
94 
95 
96 
97 
98 
99 
100 
101 
102 
103 

Edwin Humphrey lOl 

J.Orson Fisk 105 

O. W. Wallace IqC 

S. L. Merrick 107 

Everett Peabody 108 

Ericsson 109 

("apt. Horace Niles 1 110 

J. E. Simmons Ill 

D. Willard Robinson 112 



Ozro .Miller 

Revere 

Gen. E. W. Hincks. 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. Grijrgs 

[Vacant.] 

W. F. Bartlett 

Wni. B. (xreene. . . . 
Charles Sumner. . . . 

H. F. WoUott 

Otis Chapman. 



E. W. Kinsley. 
Col. C. R. Mudge.. 

E. S. Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates. .. 
George G. Meade. . 
James A. Garfield. 



113 
114 
115 
116 
117 
118 
119 
120 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Xo 

No 

Xo 

Xo 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

Xo 

Xo 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Xo 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Xo 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



SS 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

A es 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Xo 

Caps 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Xo 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Xo 

Yes 



S5 



o o 



No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Xo 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y^es 

No 

Xo 

No 

Caps 

No 

Y^es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Y'^es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Xo 

No 

No 






Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y^es 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 






Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Xo 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 



2 a 



Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Xo 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



111 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, i882 — Continued. 



o 5 



g^s 



None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
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None 
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None 
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None 
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None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 
None 



a-3 

•2-3 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
\'es 
Y'^es 
Yes 
\'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y''e8 
Y"es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
\"es 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 



B a 

as 



$2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 
■2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 50 

2 00 

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1 00 

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2 00 

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I 50 

100 

50 

50 

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75 

1 00 

25 

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50 

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75 

75 



50 
1 00 
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75 
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25 
50 
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75 
58 
50 
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50 
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.^3 
50 



50 

75 

50 

1 25 

25 

1 00 

50 

50 

1 .50 

1 10 

50 

50 

50 

33 

1 00 

1 00 



No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 



$3 00 



2 50 

3 00 



4 00 



.2 3 



By Vote 



By Vote 



By Vote 
4 00 



4 00 



Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

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Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

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No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

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Yes 

Yes 

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No 

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Yes 

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No 

Y'es 

Yes 

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No 

No 

No 

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No 

No 

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No 

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No 

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No 

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Yes 













C3 


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214 78 


Yes 


135 52 


Yes 


11 00 


Yes 


298 45 


Yes 


219 51 


Yes 


33 33 


Y'es 





No 




Yes 


294 30 


Yes 


241 54 


Yes 


837 00 


No 


1,C65 33 


Y'es 


079 12 


Y'es 


211 03 


Yes 


l.li^O 41 


Yes 




No 


162 98 


Yes 


902 19 


Yes 




Yes 


556 50 


Yes 




No 
Y'es 


96 40 


25 00 


Yes 


1.000 00 


Yes 


111 62 


Y'es 


1,478 .-iO 


Y'es 


2,700 00 


Y'es 


71 12 


Y'es 


263 76 


Yes 




No 
Yes 


238 21 


101 75 


Yes 


12 ,50 


Y'es 


94 50 


Y'es 




No 




No 




No 


160 43 


Y'es t 


101 96 


Y'es 


459 09 


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300 00 


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No 


1S3 97 


Yes 




No 
Yes 


361 60 


55 00 


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No 
Yes 


3,614 20 


.56 82 


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1 40 


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46 51 


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No 
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42 40 


675 00 


Yes 


2,083 09 


Yes 

j 






I 46 50 
150 00 
IS 61 
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7 75 
32 79 
10 00 
360 11 
45 00 



27 .50 
134 9(i 
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223 00 

285 .36 
342 41 

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286 34 

28 65 
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162 83 
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20 00 



55 



97 00 

40 83 

893 01 

226 36 

3 88 

67 53 

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97 00 

18 25 

57 49 

5 50 



168 .35 
34 15 

183 05 
38 69 
77 50 
27 99 



7 50 
24 70 



46 13 

23 00 
7 00 

357 56 
29 15 

"•is'cs" 

24 10 
256 "92" 



^ .c 



Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

(Jood 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Fair 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Gootl 

Poor 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Ciood 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Fair 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Poor 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

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Good 

Good 

Fair 

Excellent 

Fair 

Poor 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 



112 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL Report of the Inspector of the Department of 







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Timothy Ingraham 


121 


125 


No 


Yes 


No 


6 


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No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


E. P. Wallace 


12-2 


44 


Yes 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Parker 


123 


7(i 


Yes 


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6 


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Yes 


Yes 


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Y'es 


Justin Dimick 


124 


19 


No 


Yes 


Yes 





Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


W. \V. Rockwell 


125 


71 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


George E. Savles 


126 


3(5 


No 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yea 


Yes 


T. L. Homiey 


127 


36 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Gen. James Appleton 


128 


49 


No 


No 


No 


2 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


[Vacant] 


129 






















James M. Sargent 


l.SO 


32 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


None 


No 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


George H. Thomas 


131 


48 


No 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Charles Chipnian . . . , 


l;i2 


20 


Yes 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


George H. Maiutien 


133 


30 


No 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Robert A.Bell 


i:u 


24 


No 


No 


No 


1 


No 


No 


No 


No 


Yes 


E. A. Andrews 


135 


IS 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y^es 


Geo. C. Marshall 


I3r, 


13 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Samuel Sibley ; 


137 


40 


No 


Yes 


No 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Isaac Davis 


l.^S 


42 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Willard C. Kinslev 


139 


82 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Hubbard V. Smith 


140 


72 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Frank D. Hammond 


141 


42 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Burnside 


142 


45 


No 


No 


No 


13 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


C. L. Chandler 


143 


43 


No 


No 


No 


None 


No 


No 


No 


Yes 


Y^es 


Chas. W. Carroll 


144 


.58 


Yes 


No 


No 


3 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Wm. A. Streeter 


145 


90 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


8 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Robert G. Shaw 


14r. 


16 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


[Vacant] 


147 






















A. D. Weld 


148 


35 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


1 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Maj. G. L. Stearns 


149 


35 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


1 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


[Vacant] 


150 






















Major Boyd 


151 


16 


No 


No 


No 


None 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 



SKVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMTMENT 



113 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, 1882 — Continued. 









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$125 


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No 




Yes 


81,091 73 


$22r. 39 


Good 


Yes 


None None 


Yes 


2 00 


90 


Yes 


$4 00 


Yes 


309 (59 


Yes 


87 75 


Good 


Yes 


None None 


Yes 


1 00 


50 


No 




No 




No 


23 00 


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Yes 


None None 


Yes 


3 00 


1 00 


Yes 


Vote 


Yes 


459 9t> 


Yes 


161 39 


Fair 


Yes 


None] None 


Yes 


3 00 


50 


No 




Yes 


20 35 


Yes 


13 75 


Good 


No 


None None 
None None 


Ves 
Yes 


2 00 
1 00 


50 
25 


No 
No 




No 
Yes 




No 
Yes 


15 00 
15 00 




Yes 


250 51 


Fair 


Yes 


None None 

Nonej None 
None[ None 


Yes 

Yes 
Yes 


1 00 

2 00 
2 00 


60 

75 
25 


No 

No 
No 




No 

No 
Yes 




No 

No 
Yes 






Yes 




8 00 
57 07 




Yes 


464 19 


Good 


Yes 


Nunei None 


Yes 


4 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


21 00 


No 


19 00 


Good 


Yes 


None None 
None None 
None None 
None None 
None None 
None None 


Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


4 00 
2 00 
1 50 

1 00 

2 00 
2 00 


1 00 

75 

lb 
50' 
50 


No 
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No 
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No 

No 

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No 

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1,000 00 


Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 






Yes 


13 50 




Yes 






Yes 








Yes 






Yes 


125 00 




Good 


Yes 


None None 


Yes 


2 00 


75 


Yes 


By Vote 


Yes 


306 94 


Yes 


2il6 92 


Good 


Yes 


None None 
None None 


Yes 
Yes 


2 00 

3 00 


50 
50 


No 

No 




No 
No 




No 
No 


3 00 
5 86 




Yes 




Good 


Yes 


None None 


Yes 


2 00 


75 


No 




Yes 


60 45 


Yes 


215 33 


Fair 


Yes 


2 ' None 
None None 


Yes 
Yes 


2 00 
2 00 


25 
50 


Yes 

No 


By Vote 


Yes 
Yes 


481 88 
609 17 


Yes 
Yes 






Yes 


154 33 


Good 


Yes 


None None 


Yes 


2 00 


1 00 


No 




Yes 


666 45 


Yea 


43 32 


Excellent 


Yes 


None None 
None None 


Yes 

Yes 

Yes 


1 00 

1 00 

2 00 


75 

1 00 
1 05 


No 

No 
Yes 


'3 06' 


No 

No 

Yes 




No 

No 
Yes 


58 84 
15 00 




Yes 




Fair 


Yes 


None 


None 


350 00 


Excellent 


Yes 


None 


None 


Yes 


2 GO 


1 00 


No 




No 




No 




Poor 












114 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., U.A.R. 

The increase in the amount of money expended for charity 
over that of last year is 87,907.84. 

The increase in membership has been about twentj^-four per 
cent, the increase in the relief funds has been about fifteen per 
cent, while the increase of the amount expended from that fund 
has been nearly forty per cent. 

The largest amount reported in any one relief fund is 
$9,400.30, being that of Post 58 of Weymouth. 

The largest amount expended for charity by any one Post 
during the year is 83,573 by Post 5 of Lynn. 

In my report of last year, I suggested that, in my opinion, 
the proper tii^ie for inspection and instruction is at the beginning 
of the year instead of during the last quarter. At a meeting of 
the Council of Administration, held in February, the Commander 
brought the attention of the Council to the matter, and it was 
decided that the officers of the Department should make an official 
visit of observation and instruction to each Post as soon as the 
arrangements could be made. The details were made with the 
understanding that they should hold over for the fall inspections, 
and were perfected as soon as possible, and the order announcing 
the details was promulgated April 19. 

Owing to the unavoidable delaj^ it was too late to visit all 
the Posts, but enough were visited and the effects of those visits 
noted at the fall inspections to demonstrate that it was a step in 
the right direction, and it is to be hoped that this year will wit- 
ness at least two official visits by the officers of the Department 
to each Post within their jurisdiction. 

In conclusion, I desire to express my siucere thanks to the 
officers and comrades throughout the Department with whom I 
have been brought in contact bj' my official or social duties for 
their unvarying kindness and courtesy on all occasions. 

I have the honor to remain. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

WILLIAM L BAIRD, 

Ins2')ector. 



REPORT OF CHAPLAIN. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1883. 

Commander and Comrades: Another Grand Ai-my year has 
passed, and I come again to-night in this historic hall to present 
to you my fourth annual report ; and as we shall soon enter upon 
another year of labor, let us be thankful for the blessings of the 
past, and convenaut anew that, with God's help, what has been 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 115 

neglected by us during the year 1882 shall be redeemed, so far as 
in us lies, in the year 1883. 'Tis a mercy indeed that no one 
among the ranks of the Department of Massachusetts, from your 
Commander down to him who holds the least important office on 
your personal Staff, has been taken away by death during the 
year. All haA'e been preserved, and we can look each other in 
the face to-night, and from each other up to Him who is the 
giver of every good and perfect gift, and ascribe to Him glory 
and honor and praise for ever and ever. 

Comrades, we said to you as our parting words one year 
ago, on this very spot, when this Encampment shall close, go 
back to 3'our posts of duty, encourage your comrades, replenish 
3'our charitj' fund, bring in every true soldier to the ranks of the 
Grand Army of the "Republic, do deeds worthy of your name, 
and if, in the providence of God, you fall, let it be at the post 
of duty. How well each of you heeded the advice then given, 
our increased membership and deeds of charity shall give the 
answer. 

We know. Commander, that much of the praise for this 
increase in membership and patriotism belongs to j'^ou and your 
noble associates, and the Grand Army of Massachusetts will 
have no cause to regret that George H. Patch was elected its 
Departn)ent Commander for the year 1882. 

In regard to Memorial Day no one of us wnll ever regret it 
was made a legal holiday ; our increased ranks and the sabbati- 
cal stillness of the day all attest the wisdom of the movement 
made by the Grand Army of the Republic, and so ably and suc- 
cessfully seconded by the rulers of this grand old Common- 
wealth. 

The Soldiers' Home! Have 3'ou seen it, comrades? It 
must be seen to be believed. Its comforts, its blessings, the 
wisdom of its founders, who can for a moment doubt? It was 
m}' privilege to spend some four hours or more on Monday last 
within its doors and among its inmates. I was received very 
cordially by the superintendent and his excellent wife, the 
matron, and I will give you tonight as briefly as possible the 
result of my own inspection and the statistics of the Board of 
Trustees, given by Past Department Commander Creasey. After 
making all the necessary alterations and repairs upon the prop- 
erty, for the proper accommodation of those who were ready and 
anxious to avail themselves of its privileges, such as steam heat- 
ing, water supply, hospital accommodations, change of bedsteads 
from wood to iron, the putting in of double windows on the 
entire building, and indeed in every respect making it a con- 
venient and comfortable home, such as any soldier might be 
proud of, I for one feel extremely grateful that we have such a 
place of refuge in our midst. 



116 HISTORY DEPT. OP MASS., (i.A.R. 

The trustees felt obliged, owing to the limited aniouut of 
money at their disposal, to fix the number of permanent bene- 
ficiaries during the present winter to one hundred men. There 
have been admitted to the Home, however, since its opening on 
July 25, one hundred and fifty one comrades, fifty-one of whom 
have been cared for in the hospital ; sixty-one of the" number 
were received direct from the city or town almshouse ; one hun- 
dred and ten were native born ; forty-four of foreign birth ; one 
hundred and thirtj'-nine served in the army, and twelve in the navy 
during the war. Several of the inmates are over seventy years of 
age, while the average of those who have been received is fifty-five 
years. 

There are at the present time ninety-five comrades at the 
Home. Twenty-three of the number are sick in the hospital and 
need the constant attention of physician and nurse ; thirteen have 
died and ten have been buried from the Home since its opening, 
and this ma}^ seem to you, who hear me tonight, a large number, 
and so it is. But when we consider that a large proportion of 
these came from the poorhouse and were received with the seeds 
of disease and death upon them, some of them even dying, we 
cease to wonder. 

Charles D. Hatch came to the Home December 29, sent by 
the selectmen of Natick, from the poorhouse. He died January 
1 , less than four days in the Home, but he died in the Home, and 
the flag he fought to save sheltered him and he was content. 

Patrick Dac}' came from the poor-farm at Raiusford's Island, 
was but a short time in the Home and died January 7. 

William Sanborn, from Lynn, died in great peace, exclaim- 
ing that he was in heaven, and the angels were around him ; and 
then placing his hand in that of the matron, said, "This is 
indeed heaven and you are an angel," such was his joy to be in 
such a Home with loving hands to care for him and tend him. 

Bariah Williams coming from the New Bedford poorhouse, 
says, " I am a man now, and not ashamed to look in the face of 
my fellows ; I am in a Soldiers' Home now, and not in the poor- 
house." 

Daniel Frederictou, an old sailor, aged seventy-one, with no 
relatives or an}' one to care for him, came from an almshouse to 
the Home, often exclaimed, " What a beautiful place I What a 
home ! " 

From the lips of others who have died have come expressions 
of gratitude for the many comforts and blessings they had 
received there. Another who has since died, said, after returning 
from a visit to his friends, " I am so gl:id to return to this beauti- 
ful spot; for this is truly my home." Five have been discharged 
from the Home for drunkenness and disobedience of orders, so 
that the trustees are determined that none but the true man and 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 117 

soldier can receive slielter in the Home, nor retain it if lie be a 
constant transgressor. 

The method adopted by the trustees for admission to the 
Home, and to guard against the imposition of the unworthy, is 
this : Every applicant must be recommended by some one of the 
trustees, and the application must receive the indorsement of the 
board of aldermen of the city, or selectmen of the town, as well 
as the officers of the Post of the Grand Army, if there be one. 
The applicant then, before he is permanently received, is exam- 
ined by the surgeon and the committee on permanent applica- 
tions. So that the trustees and superintendent have great reason 
to congratulate themselves that so few of those admitted have 
proven themselves unworthy the care and attention bestowed upon 
them. But in every instance where a mistake has been made 
all have been ready to rectify them, and they have not been 
allowed to continue. The inmates of the home are all uniformed 
with the infantry pants, blouse and cap, and are provided with 
everything to make them happy, even to the soldiers' greatest 
luxur}', pipes and tobacco. 

To every man is issued a clean towel every morning, and 
he is expected to take a bath once each week. Each comrade 
has a bed to himself, with springs and hair mattress to each 
bed, with three good wholesome meals each day in the week. 
The Home is open to visitors every day in the week except 
Sundays, and the trustees would be pleased to have all who are 
interested in the work it is doing visit it ; very many have 
availed themselves of the privilege, so that on nearly every pleas- 
ant day there are from ten to twenty visitors. Quite a number 
of the Posts have spent an evening there, coming in a bod}' and 
bringing with them music, vocal and instrumental, thus furnish- 
ing amusement for the men, for which they are very grateful. 
Among the Posts visiting have been Posts 11 and 149 of Charles- 
town ; Posts 40 of Maiden, 35 of Chelsea and 5 of Lynn ; each 
bringing something with them to cheer and comfort the men. 

The Ladies' Aid Society have been of great benefit to the 
Home. At the time of its opening they bought all the white 
quilts for the beds, made the sheets, pillow-cases, and towels, 
besides furnishing forty large quilts, providing the money for a 
temporary stage and scenery, and completing a bookcase for the 
books and reading matter that have been donated to the Home. 

They hold their monthly meetings at the Home and have a 
committee who visit the home weekly, arrange for the Sunday 
service, and provide very many articles of luxury and comfort to 
the comrades in the hospital. Keligious services have been held 
at least once every Sabbath since the opening of the Home. 

Of the physical condition of the men, but few of them are 
able to perform manual labor; indeed, at times since winter 



118 ' HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

began, it has been difficult to find those who could attend to the 
necessary labor around the premises. 

Thirty-two of those who are at the Home to-day, quite one 
third, are suffering from paralysis in some form, so that the idea 
held by some when the institution was first opened, that the 
inmates might after they became well established produce some- 
thing by their labor, has proven a delusive one, and experience 
has thus far taught that as the Home continues, the men admitted 
will be less able to care for themselves and more in need of the 
assistance of others. 

The location of the Home aud the fact of its being built for 
a summer lesidence or hotel were by some thought at the time of 
its purchase to be an unfortunate situation for winter quarters. 
How often the observation was made that those who were obliged 
to occupy the Home in winter would certainly suffer from cold ! 
The experience has been that with burning considerably less than 
one ton of coal per day, aud with an average of about eight 
pounds of steam, and at times barely enough pressure to force 
the steam through the pipes, the difficulty, if any, has been to 
keep it cool enough, even though the mercury on the outside was 
near the point of zero, and this with the use of but two boilers 
and the third one standing idle. The expense of running the 
Home, including salaries aud all necessarj' expenses, as well as 
clothing the men, amounts to $3.30 per man per week, — or 
$176.60 per year, — comparing, as we think, exceedingly favor- 
ably with other institutions of the State. Some donations are still 
coming in from friends of the Home, for which the trustees are very 
grateful and return to them their sincere thanks. The market-men 
in Faneuil Hall Market sent the inmates a grand Thanksgiving din- 
ner, which made their hearts glad for that day and others which 
followed ; again the trustees are in receipt of a check through 
Post 30 of Cambridge, from J Warren Merrill, Esq., of that 
city, for -f 1000, all of which are received with many thanks from 
the comrades of the Home and the Board of Trustees. Thus I 
have given you a brief statement of facts in regard to the Home 
and its managemeut, and in my opinion no mistake was made by 
the trustees in the selection of a superintendent and matron. 
They are the right parties in the right place. So that the Home 
is now in good working condition, while the trustees have still on 
hand, after paying all expenses to date, the sum of 1240.00. 
But this will not always last, and it behooves the friends of the 
Home to look around and ask the question. From what source 
shall come our future supplies? 

In regard to this, Commander and comrades, I have faith ; 
faith in the justness of our cause ; faith to believe in a Christian 
public, that these men shall never be returned to a pauper's home ; 
faith in the business men of our beloved State ; faith in you, — 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMl'MENT. 119 

you men and comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic; — 
faith in the legislature of our good old Commonwealth that the 
men who saved the nation in its emergency shall be sheltered in 
this Home and cared for, — this "beautiful home," prepared bv 
the ladies and gentlemen of the State and Grand Army of the 
Republic, — so that these beloved comrades of ours, many of 
them maimed and disfigured for life, shall as they pass away, one 
after another, never to return to us, shower blessings of peace 
and good will upon every cheerful giver. And when their poor 
mutilated bodies shall be carried from the Home wrapped in the 
flag of our country, and each be laid away by tender hands beside 
his fellows, then shall we, his comrades who are left behind, sing 
together the anthem of peace to Him who hath redeemed us ; to 
Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever, and the whole 
angelic hosts shall take up the refrain amid their loud hosannas, 
and point to earth and say, These men saved the nation ! This 
is the nation's gratitude ! 

Yours in Fraternit}'^, Charity and Loyalty, 

JOHN W. LEE, 

Chaplain. 



REPORT OF THE MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1883. 

Geo. H. Patch, Department Commander. 

Comrade : I have the honor to submit the following as the 
Report of the Medical Director of this Department for the past 
j'ear. I may be pardoned, I believe, for availing myself of the 
earliest opportunity these opening lines afford to return my most 
sincere and grateful thanks for the exceptionally kind and con- 
siderate manner in which the distinguished honor which this 
Encampment two years ago conferred upon me was again given 
me a year since, when severe illness prevented my presence. 

The assurances of fraternal regard and sympathy then so 
delightfully expressed have been, and I trust will ever be, incen- 
tives to increased fidelity and love. 

Due regard to military proprieties and my own deep sense 
of obligation compel me to acknowledge here also that most 
generous advocacy of the delegates of this Department in the 
last National Encampment, the result of which places me in an 
anomalous position, that of appearing as the Medical Director of 
this Department, while honored with the ollice of Surgeon-Gen- 
eral. The resignation of the former oflice, promptly forwarded, 



120 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

having at the hands of yourself and the Council been dealt with 
in that same generous kindness so long and so freely shown me, 
nothing has remained for me but to continue to occupy in name, 
at least, the position of Chief Medical Officer of this Department. 

The abolition of Form "F" by the National Encampment 
has reduced the routine duties of the medical staff to the mini- 
mum, and were it not that the Surgeons of Posts and the Medical 
Director found a range of fraternal opportunity outside the line 
now prescribed by regulations, their offices might be discon- 
tinued except as it may be desirable to meet military form. 

I can but count it matter for great regret that something of 
the business-like zeal of these later days in the Grand Army had 
not fallen upon its earlier years, and that that care for full rec- 
ords and complete returns which now marks us had not been 
maintained, especially in the Medical Department. It is not too 
much to say to assert that had the present exactness of the Adju- 
tant-General's office been observed in the medical records of 
Posts and Departments from the early days of organization, they 
would have become and would today be simply invaluable. 

The opportunity is past, and can only serve now as a mentor 
to those of us who may live to see another war, and growing out 
of it the same experiences that have arisen from this, to impress 
upon those who, coming after us, shall have its conduct, the 
necessity of preserving with minute care every record of the 
soldier's life. I have, however, to express the hope that it may 
be thought worth while to call the attention of Post Commanders 
and Adiutants and Surgeons to the opportunity that still exists 
to save very much that may yet be of value by the most complete 
bringing up possible of their records and the authenticated his- 
tory of comrades for future reference. It has occurred to me that 
whenever the descriptive list of a comrade is filled out in a Post 
it might be of great value for the comrade to present all his 
official military papers, proving the record the list becomes, and 
that in such case it would be of lasting value if the Adjutant 
against each such record should certify, on oath, that he had 
made this record from original official papers seen by him. 

It is a most distinguished mark of honor and of the confi- 
dence reposed in the Grand Army that its records and the testi- 
mony of its officers are recorded as evidence in the adjudication 
of pension and similar claims as are no other, but it goes without 
saying that the more full and accurate its records, the sounder 
and surer will the exercise of that confidence be. 

I have intimated that the Post Surgeons and Medical Director 
are not without occupation, although their prescribed duties have 
been somewhat lessened. The large-hearted, active Surgeon of a 
Post, especially if he be — as I believe, when at all possible, he 
always should be — a physician, is, nine cases in ten, the com- 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 121 

rade to whose ears comes first the kuowledge of want or woe. I 
am satisfied that it would be well if the Post Surgeon were always 
a member of the Relief Committee. 

To him, even before the spiritual adviser, are the suffering 
and distress among comrades confided ; and it is, I believe, a 
rule that those delicate confidences that are intrusted to no other 
are made his perhaps because of the facts that it is seen that to 
his eye much is apparent otherwise hidden, and that from his 
advice relief must often come. It thus happens that in that 
work of charity, which is so great and so fundamental a part of 
our Order, the Surgeon becomes, by the logic of events, a prime 
factor, an invaluable aid, and it is to him that, in matters of 
State and military aid, of pensions, and of the matters of burial, 
comrades and their families naturally so often turn. 

I believe I should be borne out by the solid testimon}^ of 
Post Surgeons and Medical Directors in all the Departments in 
the assertion that in the work attendant on the settlement of 
pensions they have numerous and multiform calls for their best 
endeavors in aid of the pension cases of comrades or their 
widows and orphans, and from their usual relations of more or 
less influence with those in authorit}^, they are, I believe, able to 
render material assistance. My own experience leads me to infer 
that the medical staff of the Grand Army has thus been able 
to do, and is today doing, a work for the deserving soldier not 
easily equalled otherwise, and of equal value with the more defi- 
nite duty assigned it by rules and regulations. No officers are 
less likely to be deceived, and hence none are more valuable in 
doing that proper work of guarding the government against fraud 
and wrong-doing. The Grand Army owes it to itself to aid the 
government in preventing all impositions upon it in its endeavor 
to do justice and meet its obligations to its defenders. I am 
clearly of the opinion that the government has made no mistake 
in what seems its large provisions for disabled soldiers and 
sailors. 

That they have started the wheels of industry, distributed 
means to men needing only this help to help themselves, and 
brought comfort to the widow and orphan, and calmed the dying 
hours of many a stricken veteran, every village and hamlet can 
testify. With a surplus revenue of one hundred and fifty million 
dollars a year, with its paper certificates at par with gold, with 
its revenues rolling higher and higher all over the land, from the 
fast developing resources of a country first saved, and then made 
great by the earnest purpose, fidelity and thrift of its citizen 
soldiers, I do not fear that the liberality of the government has 
done or will do harm. The Commissioner of Pensions rightfully 
expects the Grand Army to aid him, both in rightfully establish- 
ing the claims of those the country has provided for, and in 



122 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS , G.A.R. 

preventing the designs of those who have no desert. The action 
of the National Encampment in aid of the speedy and equitable 
adjudication of pensiuns has already borne abundant fruit. That 
this Department has been able, by its double representation upon 
the committee in charge thereof, to add something to the result, 
I believe is a matter of congratulation. With the hope that the 
largest Fraternity, Charity and Loyalt}^ may continue for the 
future, as for the past, to mark the history of this Department, 
with the most sincere concern for the well-being of all its com- 
rades, and with the greatest esteem for yourself, and my cordial 
acknowledgment of your many acts of kindness to me through- 
out our entire official and personal intercourse, I am 
Faithfully yours in F., C. and L., 

AZEL AMES, Jr , 
Medical Director. 



REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 21), 1883. 
Comrades: The Council of Administration, in submitting their 
report to the Convention, find but little to add to the very inter- 
esting address of the Commander and the concise reports of the 
several Department officers. They will, however, report that 
they have, during the year, held four meetings, and attended to 
all the duties assigned them. They have, with the assistance of 
the pei'sonal Staff of the Commander, twice visited the Posts 
of the Department, and, as far as possible, become acquainted 
with the conditions of the Order in the different sections of the 
Department ; and it is certainly pleasing to all to find that there 
is much enthusiasm and a strong determination among all the 
comrades to promote the welfare of our organization. 

During the year there have been 10 new Posts organized, 
and its membership increased hy an addition of 2,161 comrades, 
making a total of 12,413 members. 

In addition to our other duties, the Council have audited the 
accounts of the Assistant Adjutant-General and the Assistant 
Quartermaster-General, and report that the books are correctly 
and systematically kept, and the Department, financiall}'^, is in a 
healthy condition. 

At the last report there was a cash balance on hand of 
S33.17. There has been received during the year, from all 
sources, $6,078.94; and there has been expended, as per vouch- 
ers, *5,813.86; leaving a balance, Dec. 31, 1882, of 8298.25. 

The Council have no recommendations to suggest, but feel it 
their duty to tender to you, Commander, and the members of 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



123 



3'oiii' orticial and personal Staff, our grateful acknowledgments for 
the uniform courtesy manifested towards us during the year just 
closed. 

All of which we most respectfully submit. 

W. A SLOANE, 
WM. S. BROWN, 
CHAS. H. PARSONS, 
WILLIAM S. FROST, 
M. P. PALMER, 

Council of Administration. 

The reports of all the Department officers having been pre- 
sented, it was voted, on motion of Comrade F. H. Buff urn of 
Post 139, that the reports be accepted and placed on file, and 
that the recommendations in the address of the Department Com- 
mander, and the reports of the several officers and the Council of 
Administration be referred to a special committee of five, to be 
appointed by the Commander ; and the following committee was 
appointed, viz. : — 

F. H. Buffum of Post 130, Geo. W. Powers of Post 15, 
A. C. Belcher of Post 32, J. Frank Dalton of Post 34, C. H. 
Tracy of Post 103. 

Comrade Meehau of Post 7 moved that a committee of 
eleven be appointed to report a list for Council of Administration. 
[Carried ] 

Comrade John S. Beck of Post 6G moved a reconsideration 
of the above vote. After some discussion, the motion was carried 
by the following vote: Yeas 145, Nays 104. 

Medical Director Azel Ames, Jr., then moved that a com- 
mittee of eleven be appointed by the Commander to report a list 
of Delegates and Alternates to National Encampment, and a com- 
mittee of five to report a list to serve on Council of Administra- 
tion. The motion was adopted, and the Commander appointed 
the following committees : — 

DELEGATES AND ALTERNATES. 



Azel Ames, Jr. 
Geo. S. Merrill 
John L. Parker 
.James O. Smith 
Frank McGraw 
B. S. Lovell . 



. . Post 12 


James Cuthbert . 


. Post 19 




39 


S. M. Weale . . 


" 23 




5 


G. T. Fisher . . 


3 




16 


0. H. Ingalls 


" 60 




46 


Wm. H. Wade . 


. " 133 




58 







124 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Dennis Meeban . . Post 7 S. A. Cusbing, Jr. . Post 68 
Joseph Gregory . . " 82 J.B.Lamb ... "10 
Horace J. Gray . . " 30 

Comrade J. G. B. Adams moved that Commander Lineban 
of Post 15 be granted leave to present resolutions, whicb were 
read by the Assistant Adjutant-General, and tbat they be referred 
to the Committee on Resolutions, when the same shall have been 
appointed. 

Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68 moved that when we 
adjourn it be to meet at Tremont Temple at 9 o'clock, Tuesday, 
January 30. 

Commander-in-Chief Paul Van Dervoort of Omaha, Neb., 
being introduced, made an eloquent address. Remarks were also 
made by Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief I. S. Bangs, Water- 
ville, Maine; Adjutant-General Frank E. Brown, Omaha, Neb. ; 
and Comrade Williams, Past Judge Advocate, Department of 
Ohio. The Commander appointed the following Committee on 
Resolutions : — 

Dennis Linehan of Post 15 ; J. G. B. Adams of Post 5 ; H. 
T. Holmes of Post 35 ; Philip Creasey of Post 49 ; E. P. Morton 
of Post 61. 

No other business being presented, the Encampment adjourned 
at 10.55 P.M. until 9 o'clock, January 30. 



Tremont Temple, 9 a.m., Boston, Jan. 30, 1883. 

The hour to which the Encampment adjourned having arrived. 
Commander Patch called to order, and after prayer by Depart- 
ment Chaplain Lee the Encampment was declared open for busi- 
ness, and the roll was called for 

communications from posts. 
Comrade John S. Beck of Post 66 offered a resolution. 
[Referred to Committee on Resolutions.] 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



125 



REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. 

The Assistant Adjutant-Genei-al reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 437 

Number of comrades present 383 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 15 

Past Department officers 5 

Post Commanders 130 

Delegates 233 



Total 



383 



Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68 moved that an informal 
ballot for Department Commander be taken at 10 o'clock and a 
formal ballot at 11 o'clock. Comrade J. H. Quinn of Post 42 
moved to amend as follows : The informal ballot to take effect at 
once and the formal ballot at 10.30. [Carried.] 

Assistant Quartermaster-General Geo. L. Goodale of Post 
66 moved that a committee of five be appointed to receive, sort 
and count votes for Department Commander. The following 
committee was appointed : — 

Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 ; C. O. Fellows of Post 35 ; J. 
H. Quinn of Post 42 ; C. B. Fox of Post 68 ; W. C. Pomeroy of 
Post 86. 

Proceeded to ballot. 



Whole number of votes cast 
Necessary for a choice . . . . 
Henry M. Phillips, Post 16, had 
Wm. H. Hart, " 35, " 
George S. Evans, " 30, " 
Wm. M. Olin, " 26, " 
Geo. L. Goodale, " 66, " 
Scattering 



367 

185 



132 

113 

107 

5 

4 

6 



Comrade A. N. Sampson of Post 113 moved that the vote 
on time for formal ballot be extended. Commander Chas. F. 
King of Post 139 moved the ballot be taken in fifteen minutes. 



126 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

J. Frank Daltou moved to substitute for the above to take formal 
ballot at once. [Carried.] 

Nominations being in order, Comrade J. W. Hersey of Post 
16 presented the name of Henry M. Phillips of Post 16, Spring- 
field ; Comrade F. H. Buffum of Post 139 presented the name of 
Senior Vice-Commander Wm. H. Hart of Post 35, Chelsea ; Com- 
rade E. G. W. Cartwright of Post 47, Haverhill, nominated 
Comrade Geo. S. Evans of Post 30, Cambridge, seconded b}' 
Comrade Thos. H. Hill of Post 33, Woburn. 

On motion of Comrade Dennis Meehan of Post 7, Boston, it 
was voted that the Assistant Adjutant-General call the roll, and 
delegations step to the front of the platform and vote as they are 
called. 

Proceeded to ballot. 

On motion of Comrade E. P. Simpson of Post 142 it was 
voted that a committee of five be appointed to receive, sort and 
count votes for Senior Vice-Commander. 

On motion of Comrade Dennis Meehan of Post 7 it was voted 
to lay above on table, pending the counting of the ballots for 
Commander. 

Comrade F. H. Buffum of Post 139 presented the following 
report for Committee on Address of Department Commander and 
other officers : — 

Your committee, to which was referred the address of the 
Commander, has attended to the duty assigned it and respectfully 
presents the following report : — 

Concerning the approval which the address gives to the cus- 
tom of some Posts on Memorial Day, of " assembling in a quiet 
way" . . . going to the cemeteries . . . then dismissing, etc., 
and subsequently holding a public service in some hall in the 
evening, — 

The committee endorses so much of the suggestion as refers 
to holding a public service on the evening of Memorial Day and 
earnestly recommends the general adoption of the practice. So 
far as the address may approve of dispensing with the parade on 
Memorial Day, the committee cannot endorse it. The public 
demonstration on that day in military parade is one of the most 
emphatic tributes which the veteran can render to his fallen com- 
rades. 

Concerning the recommendation in the address for a Memorial 
Service in some church on the Sabbath previous to Memorial 
Day, — 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 127 

Cordially approved and recommended. 

That the report of the Trustees of the Soldiers' Home be pre- 
sented to the Annual Encampment, — 

Recommended. 

Disapproving Annual Encampment, — 

Approved. 

Concernino- the remark contained in the address, i.e., " I am 
of the opinion that the day for parades and camps of the Grand 
Army are past. Disguise it as we may, the fact is the men are 
too old to endure the tramp, etc." — 

Your committee cannot endorse these sentiments, and recom- 
mend that no action be taken which shall discountenance or in 
any way tend to check public parades of the G.A.R. 

On the recommendation that " worthy soldiers, not members 
of the Order, be invited to attend the meetings when visitations 
are made," — 

The committee recommend that caution be exercised, and 
that the matter be left to each Post. 

Concerning the remark in the address doubting the good 
results of Encampments under canvas, — 

Your committee recommends the adoption of the suggestion. 

Yonr committee earnestly commends the recommendation of 
the address relating to the division of the Committee on Nom- 
ination, in the interest of securing a full delegation to the National 
Encampment. 

Your committee believes the suggestions in the address rela- 
tive to the Woman's Relief Corps should be generally regarded, 
and that the said Auxiliary Corps should receive the cordial sup- 
port of the G.A.R. 

The committee is of the opinion that the suggestions concern- 
ing a publication of the reports of Annual Encampments should 
be acted upon and carried out without delay. 

Concerning the recommendation that the delegates to the 
National Encampment be instructed to advocate the change in 
Article VIII., Chapter II., of the By-Laws, which refers to drop- 
ping the names of candidates after the second ballot, — 

The committee cannot approve the same, and recommend that 
no such action be taken. 

Concerning the recommendation relative to the rule regulating 
the question of arrearages that the word "may" be substituted 
for " shall" in the action of the Posts dropping members when 
six months in arrears, — 

The committee considers that the recommendation should be 
carried out. 

Your committee approves the recommendations of the address 
relative to transfers and reports in favor of instructing the dele- 
gates to the National Encampment to advocate the changes 
recommended. 



128 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Youi' committee calls the attention of the Encampment to the 
omission in the address of the services of Judge Advocate Loring 
and two members of the Department Staff. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L., 

F. H. BUFFUM, 
For the Committee. 

During the reading of the foregoing report, the Committee 
on Ballot for Department Commander reported as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 381 

Necessary for a choice 191 

Wm. H. Hart, Post 35, Chelsea, had . . 130 
Geo. S. Evans, " 30, Cambridge, " . . 128 
H. M. Phillips, " 16, Springfield, " . . 123 

There being no choice, proceeded to a second ballot for 
Department Commander. 

Commander Linehan of Post l.j, Boston, chairman Committee 
on Resolutions, reported as follows : — 

Resolution 1. Leave to withdraw. 

Alpha Hall, No. 18 Essex Street, 
Boston, Jau. 26, 1883. 

Resolved, That the delegates of this Post to the Department Con- 
vention present the following communication to the Convention : — 

(Joiamander and Comrades: An appeal from the decision of • the 
National Commander, declining jurisdiction, Avas made by Post 15 to the 
last National Encampment; that appeal was referred by the Encamp- 
ment to the incoming Commander. This Post has received no decision 
and now aslis this Department what steps they shall take to secure a 
decision in a matter they consider of importance to all Grand Army 

Posts. 

DENNIS LINEHAN, Commander. 
E. F. Rollins, Adjutant. 

Resolution 2. Referred to National Encampment. 

Alpha Hall, No. 18 Essex Street, 

Boston, Jan. 26, 1883. 

Resolved, That the delegates from this Department to the next 

National Encampment urge the amendment of the Rules and Regulations 

so that Posts shall not be required to reobligate former members upon 

reinstatement. 

DENNIS LINEHAN, Commander. 
E. F. Rollins, Adjutant. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 129 

Resolution :). Adopted. 

Alpha Hall, No. 18 Esskx Stkekt, 
Boston, Jan. 26, 1883. 
Resolved, That Post 15 earnestly protests against the unofficial pub- 
lication by comrades of private Grand Army matters in the public prints 
as being contrary to the Ritual and to the obligation every comrade has 
assumed ; and that this Department take the necessary caution to prevent 
its recurrence in the future. 

DENNIS LINEHAN, Commander. 
E. F. Rollins, Adjutant. 



Resolution adopted by Post G6. 

Besolved, That the Delegates to National Encampment secure such 
changes in our installation service as will be more satisfactory to the 
Order. 

JOHN S. BECK, Commander 

DENNIS LINEHAN, 

J. G. B. ADAMS, 

E P. MORTON, 

P. H. CREASEY, 

HENRY T. HOLMES, 

Committee, 



Committee on Ballot for Department Commander reported as 
follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 365 

Necessary for a choice 183 

Wm. H. Hart, Post 35, Chelsea, had . . 148 
Geo. S. Evans, " 30, Cambridge, " . . 126 
H. M. Phillips, " 16, Springfield, " . . 91 

There being no choice, proceeded to a third ballot for Depart- 
ment Commander. 

Comrade E. P. Simpson of Post 142 moved the question in 
regard to appointing a committee to receive, sort and count votes 
for Senior Vice-Commander be taken from the table. [Carried.] 

The Commander appointed the following committee : — 

E. P. Simpson of Post 142; R. J. Hamilton of Post 16; 
P. Allen Lindsey of Post 30; M. H. Heathcote of Post 34; 
J. F. Capelle of Post 57. 



130 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The Committee on Ballot for Department Commander reported 
as follows, viz. : — 

Whole number of votes cast 359 

Necessary for a choice 180 

Geo. S. Evans, Post 30, Cambridge, had . 11)3 
Wm. H. Hart, " 35, Chelsea, " . . 165 

J. D. Billings, " 94, Canton, " . . 1 

And Comrade George S. Evans of Post 30, Cambridge, was 
declared elected Department Commander for the ensuing year. 

A ballot was at once ordered for Senior Vice-Commander. 
After all had voted and the committee had retired. Comrade Wm. 
H. Hart of Post 35, Chelsea, moved that a committee of three be 
appointed to wait upon Comrade Geo. S. Evans and introduce 
him to the Encampment. Commander Fellows of Post 35, Wm. 
H. Hart of Post 35, and John W. Lee of Post 12 were appointed. 
The committee retired and in their absence the Committee on 
Ballot for Senior Vice-Commander reported as follows : — 

AVhole number of votes cast 414 

Necessary for a choice 208 

J. D. Billings, Post 94, Canton, had . . 257 
C. M. Whelden, " 125, Pittsfield, " . . 149 
Scattering 8 

And Comrade John D. Billings of Post 94, Canton, was 
declared elected Senior Vice-Commander for the ensuing year. 

The committee appointed to wait upon Comrade Evans 
escorted him to the platform, and he was duly presented to the 
Encampment, and in a short, earnest speech accepted the position, 
thanked the comrades for their confidence, and promised to devote 
one-half of his time to the work of the Order, and announced to 
the Encampment that he had appointed Comrade Alfred C. 
Monroe of Post 13, Brockton, his Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Nominations for Department Junior Vice-Commander being 
in order. Commander Geo. C. Joslin of Post 2, South Boston, 
nominated Comrade H. A. Sawyer of Post 5, Lynn, seconded 
by John L. Parker of Post 5. Comrade John W. Hersey of 
Post 16, Springfield, nominated Comrade William A. Sloane of 
Post 37, Spencer. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 131 

Proceeded to a ballot while the committee were out counting. 

Comrade George H. Patch moved, and it was voted, that a 
despatch be seut to Past Department Commander Horace Binnej' 
Sargent. 

The Committee on Ballot for Department Junior Vice-Com- 
mander reported as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 318 

Necessary for a choice 160 

William A. Sloane, Post 37, Spencer, had , 245 
Horace A. Sawyer, " '>, Lynn, " . Go 
Scattering 8 

The Assistant Adjutant-General was instructed by a unani- 
mous vote to cast a ballot bearing the name of Comrade James 
H. Wright of Post 63, Natick, for Medical Director, and Com- 
rade John W. Lee of Post 12, Wakefield, for Chaplain of the 
Department for the ensuing year. The ballot was cast as directed, 
and the comrades named were declared elected. 

Comrade Dennis Meehan of Post 7, Boston, for the com- 
mittee appointed to nominate five comrades to serve on the Council 
of Administration, reported a complete list, which was read, and 
then moved the Assistant Adjutant-General deposit one ballot 
bearing the names as reported by the committee. There was no 
objection ; the ballot was cast as directed, and the following com- 
rades were declared elected, viz. : — 

FOR COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 



Charles H. Parsons 
W. W. Scott . . 
Richard F. Tobin . 
J. Cushing Thomas 
Benj. Pitman 



Post 45, Gloucester 
" 10, Worcester 
" 30, South Boston 
" 15, Boston 
" 82, Marblehead 



Comrade Geo. S. Merrill of Post 39, for the committee 
appointed to prepare a list of delegates and alternates to National 
Encampment, reported a complete list, which was read, and he 
then moved that the Assistant Adjutant-General deposit one ballot 
bearing the names as reported by the committee. There was no 



132 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



objection ; the ballot was cast as directed, and the following com- 
rades were declared elected, viz. : — 



Representatives to National Encampment. 

delegate- at-large. 
James F. Meech Post 10, Worcester. 



DELEGATES. 



Wm. H. Hart . 
Wm. M. Olin . 
Andrew C. Stone 
Chas. S. Anthony 
Thos. J. Ames . 
W. H. H. Emmons 
Hart well S. French 
Chas. M. AVhelden 
W. S. Frost . . 
C. H. Coburn . 
Thos. H. Hill . 
J. Paysou Bradley 



Post 35, Chelsea 
" 26, Boston 
" 39, Lawrence 
" 3, Taunton 
" 53, Leominster 
" 23, East Boston 
^' 5, Lynn 
" 125, Pittsfield 
" 43, Marlboro 
" 120, Lowell 
" 33, Wo burn 
" 2, South Boston 



ALTERNATE-AT-LARGE. 



M. R. Greeley Post 58, Weymouth 



ALTERNATES. 



Andrew F. Smith . 
A. A. Seaverns . 
Geo. G. Bailey . 
E. S. Horton 
G. H. Smith . . 
E. C. Spofford . . 
Philip H. Creasey . 
A. B. Wentworth . 
Myron P. Walker . 
Benj. A. Hathaway 
Geo. W. Nason 
Geo. W. Powers 



Post 1, New Bedford 
31, North Scituate 
121, Hyde Park 
145, Attleboro 
71, Holyoke 
50, Peabody 
49, NcAvburyport 
144, Dedham 
97, Belchertowu 
76, Plymouth 
60, Franklin 
15, Boston 



Comrade Adams moved, and it was voted, that the incomiug 
Council of Administration purchase a suitable testimonial, not to 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 133 

exceed seventy-tive dollars, and present it to Comrade James F. 
Meech, the efficient Assistant Adjutant-General, for his faithful 
labors in the interest of our organization for the past seven years. 

The usual vote of thanks to the retiring officers was passed, 
and upon a call for business there was none presented. 

Past Department Commander Austin S. Cushman then 
installed the following officers: Commander, Geo. S. Evans; 
Senior Vice-Commander, John D. Billings ; Junior Vice-Com- 
mander, Wm. A. Sloane ; Medical Director, James H. Wright; 
Chaplain, John W. Lee ; Assistant Adjutant-General, A. C. 
Monroe; Comrades Chas. H. Parsons, Benj. Pitman, R. F. 
Tobin, and J. C. Thomas of the Council of Administration. 

Upon a second call for business, and none being presented, 
the Encampment dissolved at 3 p.m. 



A true account of the proceedings. 



JAMES F. MEECH, 

Assistant Adji it ant- General. 



134 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



General Orders and Circular Letters. 
Series of 1882. 



Headquarters Department ok Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont St , Room 3. 

General Orders, \ Boston, Feb. 2, 1882. 

No. 1. j 

I. Having been elected Comniander of this Department, I accept 
the honor conferred upon nie and assume the duties of the office. 

Realizing fully the responsibilities, and the inability of my unaided 
eflbrts to carry forward the Avork of the Order, I call upon all comrades 
to join in the upbuilding of the Grand Army in our Commonwealth. 

The results of the past year shonld be a stimulus to renewed eflbrts, 
and a determination on the part of comrades to enlarge the membership 
of their own Posts, will increase the aggregate number of our Depart- 
ment, and add to the efficiency of the Order. 

No good reason exists why evei'y ex-soldier or sailor should not 
associate with us in the prosecution of our woi'k of Charity, in advancing 
the sentiment of Fraternity, and in cultivating the principle of Loyalty, 
which is the foundation upon which our Republic rests. 

Much, of course, depends upon the earnestness and activity of those 
who hold positions of responsibility, but every comrade, however humble, 
can do something to promote the good Avork, and if in everything pertain- 
ing to the Grand Army we lay aside all motives of ambition and personal 
feeling and make everything subordinate to the welfare of the Order, 
Ave shall be rewarded Avith success and be prouder than ever of our con- 
nection Avith the Grand Army of the Republic. 

II. I desire to express the appreciation of this Department to com- 
rade E. T. Raymond of Post 10, Worcester, Avho for the past six (6) 
years has ably tilled the position of Assistant Quartermaster-General. 
The duties of civil life compelled him to decline a reappointment under 
the new administration, and in behalf of the comrades of the Depart- 
ment, I tender to Comrade Raymond their grateful thanks for past ser- 
vices, and the most sincere Avishes for his future success and prosperity. 

III. The foUoAving comrades are announced as the Official Staft" of 
the Commander; they will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

Assistant Adjutant-General, James F. Meech of Post 10, Worcester. 
Assistant Quartermaster- General, George L. Goodale of Post 66, 

Medford. 
Inspector, William L. Baird of Post 5, Lynn. 
Judge Advocate, E. B. Loring of Post 15, Boston. 
Chief Clustering Officer, Alfred C. Monroe of Post 13, Brockton. 

IV. All official correspondence must be signed by Post Commanders 
and addressed to the Assistant Adjutant-General, Avhose office hours Avill 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



135 



remain as heretofore, viz., from 10 to 12 and 2 to 4 daily, except Sundays 
and Saturday afternoons, when the office will be closed. 

By command of 
..... . , GEORGE II. PATCH, 

James F. Mbech, Deparment Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-Genend. 



IlKVDQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS, 

Grand Army of the Republic 
53 Tremont St., Room 3 

Boston, March 25, 1882. 



n 



General Orders, | 
No. 2. I 

I V list of the officers elected at the Annual Encampment of this 
Department held at Boston, January 30 and 31, appears in the Koster 
accompiuying this Order. Two Rosters are forwarded to each Post 
one to be tiled with General Orders, the other is for the use of the Post 

ComraancU^r^ following comrades are appointed on the Staff of the 
Department Commander, and they will be obeyed and respected accord- 
ingly. 

aides-de-camp 



E. p. Simpson . . 
A. M. Tilton . . 
P. Allen Lindsay 
E. P. Connig . - 
Benj. Pitman . . 
CO. Fellows . . 
Philii) H. Creasey 
Leonard E. Thayer 
Charles Newhall . 
Willard Y. Gross 
Timothy 8. Atwood 
Frederick G. Pope 
M. O. Wheaton 
George E. Teele 



So. Framingham. 

Haverhill. 

Cambridgeport. 

Fitchburg. 

Marblehead. 

Chelsea. 

Newburyport. 

Oxford. 

Danvers. 

Brookline. 

Abingtou. 

So. Boston. 

Attleboro. 

VVatertown. 



E. P. Gibbs .... 
M. J. Ferrin 
George I'ierce . . • 
T. M. Remington . . 
Theodore Leutz . . 
H.A.Sawyer . . . 
Loviis .J. Elwell . . 
J. A. Black . . . . 
Samuel A. Gushing Jr 
.Tosiah G. Cook . . 
William H. Thomas . 
Alfred B. Hodges 
Fred J. Lyon . . . 
Frederick Grant . . 



Hudson. 
Stonehani . 
Shelburne Falls. 
Worcester. 
Boston. 
Lynn. 
Westboro. 
Spencer. 
, Dorchester. 
No. Hanson. 
Hingham Centre. 
Taunton. 
Springfield. 
Salem. 



Ill \diutants' and (iuartermasters' reports for farst 1st) quarter 
will be due A ril 1, and it is important that they should be forwarded 

romptly Vd utan s and Ciuartermasters are reminded that hey should 
"Xr not only regarding the number reported 1-^ ..uarter bu account 
for the o-ains and losses, and give the names as called foi in the recapit 
ulition of muster roll, and notes 1, 2, 3 and 4. Care should be exemsed 
that the number remaininq in good standing in form .V an the numbei 
pScl for on form B shall ag^ee. Post Commanders will see that a 

P, irements are complied with, and after signing both reports, foMNaid 
the same, together With the,..r capita tax (8 cents per member), to these 
Ilead.piart^rs. . ^^ ,^^ council of Administration held ear^ 

h, Vphriiai V it was unanimouslv " voted that, in the opinion of the Council 
of V^mlSl-ltiom U is not expedient to try the experiment of an Encamp- 

""•^V'uteS'oTpL'Js is' invited to the accompanying circular rela- 
tive ^o\hfpropisedLimment to General James .V. Garfield, late President 



136 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

of the United States, to be erected by his late comrades in arms. Any 
contributions to the fnnd may be forwarded to Department Headquarters, 
and will be duly credited, and the result published in General Orders at 
a later date. 

"VI. The following Posts have been organized since the Depart- 
ment Encampment : — 

W W. Rockwell Post 125, Pittsfield, Byron "Weston, Commander 
James H. Sargent Post 130, Medway, A. W. Barton, Commander. 
Charles Chipman Post 132, Sandwich, S "Wills Hunt, Commander. 
Hubbard "V. Smith Post 140, Athol, W. E. Jaquith, Commander. 
Frank D. Hammond Post 141, Harwich, Geo. M. Munsell, Com- 
mander. 

"VII. The address of any member of Company I, 2d Regiment 
"Veteran Reserve Corps, who served in that command while stationed at 
Auburn, New York, during the winter of 1864-5, is desired at these 
headquarters. 

By command of 

Official: GEORGE H. PATCH, 

James F. Meech, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant- General . 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3. 

General Orders, ) Boston, April 19, 1882. 

No 3. \ 

I. In order to bring comrades and Posts into more intimate rela- 
tions Avith Department Headquarters and at the same time enable the 
Commander to ascertain the condition and needs of the several Posts, the 
following officers are hereby detailed to visit the Posts whose numbers 
appear against their names : 

William "h. Hart, Department Senior "Vice-Commander . . . 68,149 
John D. Billings, Department Junior Vice-Commander, 10, 21, 26, 56, 

57, 143 

Azel Ames, Jr., Medical Director 33,42,75 

George L. Goodale, Assistant Quartermaster-General . . .13, 36, 120 

William L. Baird, Inspector 34, 82, 95, 118 

E. B. Loriug, Judge Advocate 2, 58, 104, 113 

A. C. Monroe, Chief Mustering Officer, 20, 52, 73, 76, 78, 87, 93, 132, 141 

COUNCIL OF administration. 

William A. Sloane 16. 38, 65, 97, 103, 107 

William S. Frost 9, 44, 80, 96 

William S. Brown 7, 30, 88 

Charles H. Parsons 67, 106 

aides-de-camp. 

E. P. Simpson 62, 81, 117 

E. P. Gibbs 19, 2s, 29, 43, 54. 64, 77. Si], 98, 136 

A. M Tiltou 39, 49, 100, 101 

M. J. Ferrin 40,66,119,148 

P. Allen Lindsey 15, 23, 134, 139 

Geo. R. Pierce ' 1", 79, 123, 126, 140 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 137 



I P. Connig 48,53,59,09,109,115,116 

T. M. Remitigton 24, 25, 70 

Benj. Pitraau . . 45 

C. O. Fellows 4, 5 

H A. Sawyer 11, 35, 50, 90 

P. H. Creasey . 47, 108, 114, 122, 128, 151 

L J. Elwell G. 78, 22, 105, 135 

L. E Thayer 37, 61 

J. A. Black . 27, 51, 85, 131 

Chas. Newhall . . 12, 89, 99 

S. A. Ciishing, Jr. . 32, 60, 102, 130 

Willard Y. Gross 94, 121, 144 

T S. Atwood 74, 83, 110, 111, 124, 127 

Wm H. Thomas 31, 112 

Alfred B Hodges ... 1, 8, 4G, 145, 146 

M. O. Wheaton 3, 55, 72. 91 

Fred J. Lyon 41,71,84,125 

Geo E Teele 63, 92, 142 

These visits are for instruction and information and as it is impor- 
tant that they should be made as soon as possible, it may be necessary 
to call special meetings of Posts in some instances, therefore Command- 
ers of Posts will govern themselves accordingly. Posts will be expected 
to exemplify the work of the Order including muster-in. The traveling 
expenses will be assumed by the several officers named, therefore it is 
expected that all local expense Avill be paid by the Post visited. 

A report of these visits will be made at once to these headquarters 
on the blanks provided for that purpose. 

II. Badges that may be wanted previous to May 30 should be 
ordered at once and comrades should I'emember that they can only be 
supplied through their Post Quartermaster. All supplies must be paid 
for when ordered or they will be sent CO.D. at expense of Post. Small 
orders, viz , less than $1.00, may be prepaid with postage stamps. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE H, PATCH, 

James F. Meech, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Pkpart.ment of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic. 
53 Tremont St., Room 3. 
General Orders, \ Boston, May 1, 1882 

No. 4. I 

In accordance with the provisions of Rules and Regulations, and in 
compliance with General Orders No. 15, from National Headquarters, 
Tuesday, May 30, will be observed as Memorial Day. 

Memorial Day l)elougs to the Grand Army of the Republic, for it 
commemorates all that was grand and noble in the sacrifices made by our 
comrades who died that the Nation might live. By act of the Legislature 
it has been given as a sacred legacy to the present and future generations 
of our own loved Commonwealth. Let us then, citizen and comrade, 
unite on that day, in paying tril)Ute to the men who on the gundecks of our 
navy, or in the ranks of our army, showed to the world a heroism une- 
qualled, a patriotic spirit undaunteil and a record unsullied. 

We are an army to whom no recruits can come. Only veterans can 
join the Grand .\rniy. The resistless artillery of time steadily decimates 



138 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

our ranks, and day by day we grow fewer and Aveaker. But as we stand 
shoulder to shoulder treasuring in our Fraternity a wealth of grand 
memories of those we commemorate, let us believe that the comradeship 
that binds ns to them in a great and noble cause is not wholly severed. 
Their task is done. Their solemn obligation, which we took in unison 
with them, has been fulfilled But life brings for ns each day new 
responsibilities and new duties. They have laid aside their armor; we 
must bear the heat and the burden of the day for a time ; and as they, 
true to duty, to country and to God, faltered not where duty lead them, 
so let us, in the Grand Army of the Republic, fulfill all the obligations 
we have assumed. And when 



On fame's eternal camping ground 
Our silent tents are spread, 



and our names have been added to the silent majority, we shall not have 
lived in vain And in the active and present work of our Order we shall 
find our Fraternity broader, our Charity purer, and our Loyalty more 
devoted. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE H. PATCH, 

James F. Meech, De'partment Commander. 

Assista nt Adjtt ta nt-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont St., Room 3. 

General Orders, \ Boston, June 30, 1S82. 

No. 5. i 

I. General Orders No. 17 and 18, old series, and No. 1, new series, 
from National Headquarters are herewith promulgated. Special atten- 
tion is called to the paragraphs in No. 1 relative to recruiting. 

II. A new National countersign is hereby forwarded, and Com- 
manders of Posts will in no case communicate the same to any comrade 
who is not in good standing. The slip will be destroyed after being read. 

III. Adjutants' and Quartermasters' reports for second quarter AviU 
be due July 1, and it is important that they should be forwarded promptly. 
Adjutants and Quartermasters are reminded that they should confer not 
only regarding the number reported last quarter, but account for the 
gains and losses and give the names as called for in the Recapitulation 
of Muster Roll, and notes 1, 2, 3 and 4. Care should be taken that the 
number remaining in good standing in form A and the number paid for 
in form B shall agree. Post Commanders will see that all requirements 
are complied with, and, after signing both reports, forward the same, 
together with thej*(^/- capita tax, eight (8) cents per member, to these 
headquarters. All Posts from whom correct reports have not been 
received by the 15th of July Avill be reported in General Orders, in com- 
pliance with instructions of National Encampment. 

IV. The following additional Posts are announced, viz. : — 

Geo. H. Mantien Post 133, Plainville, Wm. H. Wade, Commander 
(reorganized). 

Isaac Davis Post 138, West Acton, Chas W. Parker, Commander 
(new). 

Robert G Shaw Post 14(5, New Bedford, C. H. Harrison, Com- 
mander (reorganized). 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 139 



V. The address of Geo. P. Buswell, late Corporal in Co. B, 21st 
Regt. Vet. Reserve Corps, who served in that command Avhile it was sta- 
tioned near Albanj', N.Y., in the latter part of iSG-t, is wanted at this office. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE H. PATCH, 

James F. Meech, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-General 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

53 Tremont Street, Room 3 

General Orders, ") Boston, July 21, 1882. 

No. 6. / 

I. General Orders No. 2, from National Headquarters, is herewith 
forwarded. 

II. As some Post Commanders have been unable to find the solution 
of the cipher — countersign promulgated in last General Orders, — they 
are respectfully referred to page G of the Ritual. 

III. One hundred and forty-two (142) Posts of this Department 
submitted correct reports to this office within the time allowed, for 
which they have the thanks of the Department Commander and the satis- 
faction of duty well performed. The remaining four (4) Posts, viz , 
Post 55, Taunton; Post 112, South Scituate; Post 124, East BridgeAvater 
and Post 135, Shrewsbury, have not reported to date, and are conse- 
quently announced as in arrears for reports as per instructions. It is 
the earnest hope of the Commander that a repetition of this report Avill 
not be necessary. 

IV. Several Department Officers have not forwarded reports of the 
spring visitation of Posts, and in some instances it is known at this office 
that such visits have not been made, and partly because of the failure of 
Post Commanders to arrange for proper meeting. The attention of Post 
Commanders as well as Department Officers is called to the importance 
of these visits, and prompt return of report of the same. 

V. Post 14 has been reorganized with its original name and number, 
viz., C. C. Phillips Post 14, Hopkinton, T. N. Drawbridge, Commander. 

VI. Post 8G of Maynard has surrendered its charter, and members 
of that Post will be transferred to Post 138, Acton. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE H. PATCH, 

James F. Meech, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, j 

Grand Army of the Republic, |- 

53 Tremont St., Roo.m 3 J 

General Orders, \ Boston, Sept. 2G, 1882. 

No 7. / 

I. General Orders No. 4, and Circular, from National Headquarters 
are herewith promulgated. 

II. A year's supply of blank .\djutants' and Quartermasters' reports 
together with envelopes have just been forwarded to each Post Com- 
mander. Failure to receive the same will be at once reported to this 
office. 



140 HISTORY DEPT. MASS., G.A.K. 



Ill Consolidated reports from Massachusetts were the first to be 
received last quarter at National Headquarters, with only four (4) Posts 
missing. It is hoped that a better record ma,v be made for this quarter. 
To that end the attention of Officers of Posts is called to paragraph III., 
General Orders, No 5, from these headquarters. The announcement 
therein made will be strictly followed. 

IV. The detail for spring visits to the Posts of this Department, as 
announced in General Orders, No. 3, will remain in force, and the same 
officers will inspect the Posts therein assigned. The necessary blanks 
will be at once furnished together Avith instructions, and it is expected 
that Commanders of Posts will co-operate to the fullest extent, that the 
inspection of every Post may be completed, and report of same on form 
H made to this office prior to December I 

V. The following Posts have been organized since last General 
Orders : — 

W. L. Baker Post 86, Northampton, W. C. Pomeroy, Commander. 
Samuel Sibley Post 137, East Douglass, Geo. H. Walker, Com- 
mander. 

By command of 

GEORGE H. PATCH, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General ■ 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Gr.\nd Army of the Republic 

53 Tremont St., Room 3 



!) 



General Orders, \ Boston, Nov. 17, 1882. 

No. 8. 1 

I. General Orders No. 5, from National Headquarters, is herewith 
forwarded to this Department. 

II. Comrade Alfred C. Monroe is hereby appointed .Vcting Assistant 
Adjutant-General, to date from November 1, and is detailed for duty at 
these headquarters. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

III. The Department Commander desires to congratulate the Order 
upon the substantial growth during the year, by which we have gained 
twelve Posts and 1770 comrades. It is hoped that this result will 
influence all Avho are interested in the prosperity of the G.A R. to 
greater exertion. Especial commendation is extended to ofticers of Posts 
in this Department for the correct and prompt manner in which reports 
for third quarter were for%varded. The result of which was that the 
consolidated returns from this Department were made on time and that 
for every Post in the Department. 

IV. Attention is called to the election of Post officers, and one 
delegate and one alternate for every fifty members reportetl in good 
standing for third quarter — September 30^ Avith one additional for 
m(n-e than one-half that number, but every Post, whatever its member- 
ship, shall be entitled to one delegate. This election must be held at the 
first regular meeting in December. Blanks for reporting the same will 
be furnished at once. 

V. Commanders of Posts are requested to forward to these head- 
quarters, prior to December 30, a report of the number of camp-fires, 
public meetings, fairs or other entertainments held by their respective 
Posts during the year. 



SEVENTEEKTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 141 



VI. Assistant Inspectors are reminded tliat it is of great importance 
that the work of inspection should be completed as early as possible, and 
they are requested to report to these headquarters all Posts who fail to 
respond to their notice of proposed visitation. 

VII. The address of 1st Sergts Manchester and Sherman, late of 
Co. G, 3d R I Cavalry, and Lieutenant Turner of same regiment is wanted 
at this office. 

By command of 

GEORGE H PATCH, 
Official : Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



He.\1)Quarters Department of Massachusetts 
Grand Army of the Rei 
53 Tremont St 



VCHUSETTS, I 

Republic, I- 
, Room 3. j 



General Orders, ) Boston, Dec. 11, 1882. 

No. 9. )" 

I. The order announcing mustering officers will be issued on or 
abont December 20, and the chief will be governed by the wishes of the 
Posts in their selection when practicable. Recommendations must be 
received previous to the above date, and in no case will an assignment 
be made unless the Post or its representative so designates. 

II. At the coming session of the Department Encampment, which 
will be held in this city about January 30, or February 1, the presence of 
the Commander-in-Chief and several other officers of the National Encamp- 
ment is assured, and it has been proposed to have a banquet during or at 
the close of the meeting. lu order that the committee may w^ork under- 
standingly. Commanders of Posts are desired to send immediately to this 
office on the enclosed card the names of comrades of their respective 
Posts who Avill purchase tickets to the above entertainment, at an expense 
not to exceed §1.00. 

Ill Officers and comrades of Posts should bear in mind that the 
increase of membership is of the utmost importance, and to that end the 
enclosed missionary circulars are forwarded; copies of this circular will 
be furnished in any quantities free to Posts of this Department on appli- 
cation to these head(iuarters. 

IV. Comrade E. B. Loring is hereby relieved from duty at these 
headquarters as Judge Advocate on the statl" of the Department Com- 
mander, to date from Dec. 6, 1882. 

V. Comrade E. P. Simpson, Aide-de-Canip, is hereby appointed 
Judge Advocate on staft' of the Department Commander, to date from 
December 6, and will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

VI. The following new Post has been organized since the date of 
the last General Order, viz. : — 

Edwin M. Stanton Post U7, Amherst, T. W. Sloan, Commander. 

By command of 

GEORGE H. PATCH, 
Official: Department Commander. 

James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



142 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS.. G.A.R. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Repuhlic, 

63 Tremont St , Room 3. 

General Orders, "1 Boston, Dec. 27, 1882. 

No. 10. / 

I. The following-named comrades are hereby detailed as Musteriuo; 
Officers, and will install the officers of the Posts whose numbers appear 
against their names : — 

George II. Patch, Department Commander, South Framingham . . 40 
Wm. H Hart, Department Senior Vice-Commander, Chelsea . . 149 
John D Billings, Dept. Junior Vice-Commander, Cambridgeport, 2, 33 

Azel Ames, Jr., Medical Director, Wakefield 4 

W. S. Frost, Council of Administration, Marlboro 43, 80 

Chas. II. Parsons, Council of Administration, Gloucester . . . 106 
Geo. L. Goodale, Assistant Quartermaster-General, Boston . .5, 12, 120 

E P Simpson, Judge Advocate, South Framingham 81 

A. C. Monroe, Chief Mustering Officer, Brockton ... .80, 141 

Jas. L. Wilber, New Bedford . . . . 1 

E. C. Whitney, IloUiston 6 

A B Hodges. Taunton . 8 

Timothy Reed, South Abingtou ... .13 

John F. Bruce, Fitchburg 19, 138 

H N. Fisher, Waltham 29 

Geo O. Vinal, Scituate ... 31 

E B. Loring, Boston . . - • .35 

Chas. E Trow, Methuen 39 

James O. Smith, Springfield 41 

Edw. L. Rowe, Gloucester • . . .... ... 45 

Theodore Leutz, Boston .50 

Chas. E. Gerrold, E. Boston 63 

Chas. B. Fox, Dorchester .... . 68 

A R. Holmes, Canton 72 

H. H. CoUamore, N. Pembroke . . 74 

Chas H. Leonard, Plymouth .... . .76 

Alex. W. Fulton, N. Adams .... 79 

F. A. Wallis, Beverly 89 

M. Coyle, Brighton 92 

Chas. "W. Wilcox, Milford 105 

W. W. Blackmar, Boston 113 

R F. Boynton, Hyde Park 121 

H. A Sawyer, Lynn 128 

E. S. Horton, .Vttleboro 133 

David L. Hodges, Dedham 144 

Harrie Cnshman, Taunton 3 

John Scates, Boston 7 

J. B Lamb, Worcester 10 

Henry B. Peirce, Abington .... ... 18 

Geo. R. Pierce, Shelburne Falls 20 

Geo. S. Evans, Cambridge 30, 56 

John W. Hart, Salem 34 

F. \. Cooper, Brookfleld 38 

E. W. Thompson, Lowed 42 

Robt. G. Sargent, Newburyport 49 

Geo. W. Nasmi, Franklin 60, 130 

Alfred S. Jewett, Manchester 67 

A. H. Batcheler, Millbury 70 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 143 



Chas D. Nash, S. Abington 73 

,). T. Wilson, Winchester 75 

Timothy S. Atwood, Abington 78 

J. G. b" Adams, Lynn 82 

J. Albert Blake, Danvers 90 

A. A. Smith, Shelburne Falls 93 

John S. Taplev, Methuen 100 

H. A. Oakman, N. Marshfield Ill 

Alex. Smart, Merrimac 114 

Geo. D. Shaw, Springfield 125 

F. L. Wheelock, Adams 120 

J. P. Chipman, Sandwich 132 

Chas. Grev, Athol 123, 140 

F. C. Luce, New Bedford 146 

IL The Commanders of the above-indicated Posts Avill at once put 
themselves in communication with their Mustering Officers, giving time 
and place of installation. In case of the absence of the comrade desig- 
nated above for any Post, and where no comrade has been assigned, any 
National or Department Officer, or past Post Commander (in his own 
Post), in good standing (except the retiring Commander), may act. In 
no case will the officers of any Post be installed until all reports and dues 
have been forwarded. See page 51 of the Service Book. 

III. A year's supply of new forms A and B — Adjutant and Quarter- 
master — -has been sent to each Post Commander; and if the same have 
not been received, immediate notice should be given to this office, as it is 
important that reports which are due January 1 should be transmitted 
promptly in envelopes furnished for that purpose. Surgeon's report will 
not be refiuired. 

IV. Blank credentials have been furnished on which the return of 
election of Post Commanders and Delegates and Alternates is to be made ; 
one copy only is to be forwarded (if it has not already been done) with 
Adjutants' and Quartermasters' reports, together with per capita tax, 
previous to January 10. 

By command of 

GEORGE H. PATCH, 
Alfrep C. Monrok, Department Commnnder. 

Chief Clustering Officer. 



Official : 



James F. Meech, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



144 



HISTORY DEPT. OK MASS., G.A.R. 



ROSTER 

Department of Massachusetts, G.A.R, 
1882. 



Elected. 

George H. Patch, Commander 

William H. Hart, Senior Vice- Commander 

John D. Billings, Junior Vice-Commander 

AzEL Ames, Jr., Medical Director 

John W. Lee, Chax>lain .... 



South Framinghain. 

Chelsea. 

Cambridgeport. 

Wakefield. 

Charlestown. 



Council of Administration. 



William A. Sloane 
William S. Frost . 
William S. Brown 
Moses P. Palmer . 
Charles H. Parsons 

Official Staf. 

James F. Meech, Assistant Adjutant-General. 
George L. Goodale, Assistant Q.M.-General, 
William L. Baird, Inspector . . . . 
E. B. Loring, Judge Advocate .... 
Alfred C. Monroe, Chief Mustering Officer . 



Spencer. 
Marlboro. 
South Boston. 
Groton. 
Gloucester. 



53 Tremont St., Room 3, Boston. 

53 Tremont St., Room 3, Boston. 

Lynn. 

Boston. 

Brockton. 



Aides-de-Camp. 



E. P. Simpson, 

A. M. TiLTON, 

P. Allen Lindsey, 
i. p. connig, 
Benj. Pitman, 
C. O. Fellows, 
Philip H. Creasey, 
Leonard E. Thayer, 
Charles Tvewhall, 
WiLLARU Y. Gross, 
Timothy S. Atwoou, 
Fredeku;k G. Pope, 
M. O. Wheaton, 
George E. Teele, 



So. Framingham. 

Haverhill. 

Cambridgeport. 

Fitchburg. 

Marblehead. 

Chelsea. 

Newburyport. 

Oxford. 

Danvers. 

Brookline. 

Abington. 

So. Boston. 

Attleboro. 

Watertown. 



E. P. GIBBS, 

M. .J. Ferrin, 
George R. Pierce, 
T. M. Remington, 
Theodore Leutz, 
H. A. Sawyer, 
Louis J. Elwell, 
.T. A. Black, 
Saml. a. Cushing, Jr. 
JosiAH G. Cook, 
William H. Thomas, 
Alfred B. Hodges, 
Fred. J. Lyons, 
Frederick Grant, 



Hudson. 

Stoneham. 

Shelburne Falls. 

Worcester. 

Boston. 

Lynn. 

Westboro. 

Spencer. 

Dorchester. 

No. Hanson. 

Hingham Centre. 

Taunton. 

Springfield. 

Salem. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



145 



Representatives to National Encampment. 



DELEGATE-AT-LARGE. 

IlENKV B. Peibce, Abington. 



DELEG.l 

Andrew C. Stoxe, 
Charles O. Fellows, 
Alvin R. Bailey, 
Bes.i. S. Lovell, 
J. P. Maxfield, 
John E. Killias, 
Charles H.Tracy, 
Tho>[as J. Ames, 
J. B. Lamb, 
Azel Ames, Jr., 



Lawrence. 

Chelsea. 

Boston. 

East Weymouth. 

Lowell. 

Roxbury. 

Cliicopee. 

Leominster. 

Worcester. 

Wakefield. 



alternate-at-large. 
J. FRANii Dalton, Salem. 

alternates. 
John F. Brhce, Fitchburg. 



Benj. Pit.man, 
.T. D. Edgell, 
J. H. DWVER, 

Nathaniel E. L.'Vdd, 
F. W. Merriam, 
Charles B. Fox, 
J. Payson Bradlee, 

E. P. GiBBS, 

George Gurney, 



.Marblehead. 

(iarduer. 

Lynn. 

Groveland. 

Shelburne Falls. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Hudson. 

Taunton. 



Past Department Commanders. 



Austin S. Cushm.'VN, 
Francis a. Osborn, 
A. B. Underwood, 
George S. Merrill, 
John G. B. Adams, 
A. B. R. Sprague, 



Xew York. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Lawrence. 

Lynn. 

Worcester. 



AVilliam Cogswell, Salem. 
John W. Kimball, Fitchburg. 

Horace Binney Sargent, 

Salem. 
John A. Hawes, Fairhaven. 

George W. Creasey, Newburyport. 



10 



146 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Losraii Rodman 
Dahlgren 

W. H. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lauder 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell 

E. W. Peirce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln — 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster — 

John A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick — 

Colonel Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner. . . . 
H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrich Hecker 

Maj. E. F. Fletcher . . 
Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague 

H. H. Legge 

'I'hos. G. Stevenson . . 

Charles Devens 

George D. AVells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

William H. Smart. . . 

George W. Perry 

Washington 

Burbank 

Phil. IL Sheridan ... 
Tljeodore Winthrop. . 

Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Gen. H. G. Berry 

Lyon 

B. F. Butler 

John A. Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols . . . 

Colonel Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 

George S. Boutwell . . 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Charles H. Stevens. . . 



Town. 



New Bedford . . . 
South Boston . . . 

Taunton 

Melrose 

Lynn 

Holliston 

Boston 

Middleboro 

Hudson 

Worcester 

Charlestown 

Wakefield 

Brockton 

Boston 

Springfield 

Orange 

Ashland 

Fitchburg 

Colerain 

Boston 

Milf ord 

East Boston 

Grafton 

T'xbridge 

Roxbury 

Oxford 

West Boylston . . 

Waltham 

Cambridgeport . 

Scituate 

South Boston 

Woburn 

Salem 

Chelsea 

Arlington 

Spencer 

Brookfield 

Lawrence 

Maiden 

Westfield 

Lowell 

Marlboro 

Fayville 

Gloucester 

Fall River 

Haverhill 

Ayer 

Newburyport 

Peabody 

North Bi-ookfield 

South Easton 

Leominster 



Commander. 



James L. Wilber 

George A. Thayer ) 

817 Broadway ( 

T. C. Lucas 

Charles O. Boyd 

Horace A. Sawyer, / 

Box 23 ( 

Benj. A. Bridges 

Dennis Meehan 1 

Station A f 

B. W. Bump I 

Box 442 i 

Ruf us Howe 

T. M . Remington ) 

16 Gold St. i 

Thomas Crozier ) 

2-23 Main St. i 

W. J. Mansfield 

Alfred C. Monroe 

Richard F. Lynam * 

185 Summer St. i 

James O. Smith i 

56 High St. i 

A. L. Shattuck 

Ezra Morse 

Jame.s Cuthbert 

George H. Carpenter . . t 

Griswoldville \ 

Theodore Leutz ( 

8 Williams Court \ 

B. H. Montague 

Eben B. Lincoln 1 

301 Saratoga St. j 

Chas. W. Aldrich 

John W. Fitzpattick. . . . 

Wm. M. Oliu 

Leonard E. Thayer 

H. O. Sawyer 

John H. Whelon 

Edward J. Dolan ( 

551 Main St. \ 

A. A. Seaverns / 

No. Scituate ( 

A. C. Belcher ( 

Boston Post-office \ 

Charles H. Harding 

J. Frank Dalton 

Charles O. Fellows I 

Savings Bank I 

Wilson W. Fay 

Jarvis H. Jones 

J. A. Parkhurst 

John F. Hogan 

E. E. Currier 

C. H. Wat8on t 

Lock Box 97 \ 

Chas. W. Sleeper 

A. M. Page 

S. F. Draper 

Charles H. Parsons 

Frank McGraw ( 

10 Granite Block \ 

Chas. E. Peaboily 

John Q. A. McCo'llister.. . 

Daniel B. Whiting 

Windsor M. Ward 

John S. Cooke 

George A. Lackev 

T. J. Ames ■. 



Night of 
Meeting. 



Wednesday 

l8t and 3d Wed. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Monday 
Thursday 

Friday 

2d and 4th Wed. 

Alter. Fridays 

Wednesday' 

Monday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

1st and 3d Sun. 

Wednesday 

2d Tuesday 

2d and last Mon. 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Monday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

1st and 3d Fri. 

2d and 4th Fri. 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Thurs. 

Thursday 
Tuesday" 

Thursday 

2d and 4th Thurs. 
1st and 3d Thurs. 
1st and 3d Tues. 
Wednesday 
1st and 3d Thurs. 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Thursday 
Tuesday 
Monday 
Thursday 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

1st Thursday 

Friday 

Monday 

Thursday 

3d and last Thurs. 

2d and 4th Thurs. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



147 



POSTS. 



Namk of Post. 


No.' TOAVN. 


Commander. 


Niciiir OF 
Meeting. 


Capt. C. S. Hastings.. 
I. D. Paull 


54 
55 

5h 
57 
58 

59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 
67 
68 

69 
70 
71 

72 
73 
74 
75 
76 

78 
79 
80 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 
86 
87 
88 
89 

90 
91 

92 
93 
94 
95 

96 

97 

9K 

99 

100 

101 

102 

103 

104 

105 

106 
107 

los 

109 
110 
111 

112 

113 






Ist and 2d Tiies 


Taunton. 

Cambridge 

East Cambridge 


Frederick Thaver 1 

Whittenton Mills \ 

Wm. H. Eveleth 

J. F. Capelle 

Beni. S. Lovell 1 

East Weymouth ( 

A. H. Melendy 

Oliver H. Ingalls 






Monday 

Monday 
Wednesday 


P. Stearns Davis 


Major J. A. Pratt 


Sterling 

Franklin 


1st and 3(1 Tues. 
1st Saturday 


Nathaniel Lyon 


Webster 


Eleazer W. Smith 

H W. Downs 


2d and 3d Friday 
1st and 3d Thurs 


Gen Wadsworth 


Natick 


Frank P. Simonds 

Louis L.Stone 




E. 1) Haker 




1st and 3d Fri 










Medford 


Johns. Beck 

Henry T. Bingham 

Herbert S. Cole ( 

36 Winter St., Boston ( 

E. S. Kendall 

Kodney D. Looniis. ...... 

Harry "Crosby / 

Box 453 ( 


2d and 4th Tues 


Allen 


Manchester 


Friday 


Benj. Stone, Jr 

J P. Rice 


Westminster 

Millburv 


1st and 3d Tues. 


George A . Custer 












Tuesday 

1 St and 3d Tues 






A.H.Wright 

Isaac Hopkins 

L. P. Benton 




Hartsuff 


Rockland 


Monday 
IMonday 


J P Gould . 






Theroh E. Hall 


Holden 


Isaac Damon 

Timothy Heed 

Peter .siiyder 

Chas. P. Winslow 

Geo. F. Robinson 

Sam'l R. Hidden, Jr 

R. C. Waterman 

W W. Foster 


1st Saturday 


David A. Russell 

Clias. D. Sanford 


South Abington 

North Adams . 


Tuesdaj' 
Friday 


Isaac B. Patten 


Watertown 


1st and 3d Mi<n. 


John Goodwin, Jr 

J. E. AVilder 


Marblehea<l 


Monday 


M E Stowell 


South Deerfield — 
Ware 


1st and 3il Fri. 




Charles E. AV'oodward — 


2d and 4th Thurs. 






Thursday 
1st and 3d Fri. 


Gen. s. Thayer 


South Braiutree 


Henry A. Monk 

IsaacM. Holt 

William H. Morgan j 

Box 115 i 

George W. Kenny 

J. B. Davidson ( 

Box 3J \ 
A B Collier 


J. H. Chipman, Jr 

Ward 








Monday 


E. P. Carpenter 




2d and 4th Tues. 






Shelburne Falls 




l.st and 3d Wed 




A lexander R. Holmes 

James H. Boyce ) 

East Saugus ( 
D. M. Bailev 


2d and lastThur. 


Gen. E. W. Hinks 




2(fand 4th Fri. 
1st Monday 








Belchertown 


Geo. M. Abbey 

Emory W. Gill 

Peter D. .Smith 


1st Monday 


J. D Mirick 


2d Saturday 


Gen. W. F Bartlett 




1st Friday 
Friday 






John H. George 

Charles F. Payne 

George A. Fletcher 

Charles H. Tracy 

I. Frank (ioodwin 

E. Warren Harback 1 

Box ir> \ 1 

William Wingood, Jr — 
H K. Stoiighton 






Thursday 

2d Wednesday 

Thursday 




Milton 










1st Thursday 


J Ursoii Kisk 

O W AVallaee 


Upton 


Friday 
Monday 


L L Merrii'ii 




1st and 3d Wed. 


Everett Peabody 

Kricsson ". 

Cai)t. Horace Xiles . . . 
J. E. .Simmons 

D. Willard Robinson. . 

E. 'W. Kinsley 


• ieorgt'town 

East'Templeton 

Randolph 

Pembroke 

South Scituate 


Solomon Nelson 

B. F. French 

Wm. A. Croak 

Henry H. CoUamore... ^ 
No. Pembroke \ 

Alpheus Thomas 1 

Hidge Hill f 
T. R. Matthews ) 


2d and last Tues. 
1st Thursday 
1st Friday 

1st .Saturday 

2d and last Mon. 

2d Wednesday 






.lO Central St. ) | 



148 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



PObTS. 



Name of Post. 



Col. C.R. MudRe 

E. S. Clark 

D. G. Fariagut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade 

James A. (Jartield 

Timothy I ngraham . . 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker 

Justin Diraick 

W. W. Rockwell 

George E. Sayles 

T. L. Bonney 

Gen. James Appleton 

James H. Sargent. . . . 
George H. Thomas. . . 

Charles Chipman 

Robert A.Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Aiarshall 

W. C. Kinsley 

Hubliard V. .Smith. . . 
Frank D.Hammond. 
Burnside 

C.L. Chandler 

Chas. VV. Carroll 

Wm. A. Streeter 

A. l>. Weld 

Major G. L. Stearns.. 

Major Buyd 



Merrimac 

Groton 

Gardner. . 



Medfield 

S wampscott 

Lexington 

IjOwell 

Hyde Park 

Amesbiiry 

Athol Centre 

Flast Bridgewater. 
Pittsfield 



Adams . , 
Hanson.. 
Ipswich . 



Med way . . 
Leicester. 



Sandwich 
Boston — 



Shrewsbury 
Rutland 



Somerville . 

Athol 

Harwich — 
Saxonville.. 



Brookline . 
Dedham. . . 
Attleboro . 



Winchester . . 
Charlestown . 



West Newbury 



Commander. 



Charles O. Roberts 

M. P. Palmer 

George Kendall i 

So. Gardner ' 

Wm. r. Guild 

Wm. G. Earp 

L. G. Babcock 

Chas. H. Coburn 

Geoi ge L. Eldridge 

M . M. Dennett • - 

James Oliver 

W. H. Osborne 

Byron Weston 1 

Dalton I 

A. W. Wells 

Charles Atwood 

Leach Clark 



A . W. Barton 
R.F.Newton. 



S. W. Hunt. 



Rochdale 



Thomas H. Younge ) 

5 Blossom Ct. ( 

Hammond \V . I'aige 

Edward W. Hubbard.. . ) 
West Rutland { 



Martin Hinney 

W. E. Jaquith 

Geo. ]\1. Munsell. 

Charles H Fuller 

So. Fiamingham 

T. W. Cli'ments 

C. A. Taft 

i;dward W. Rhodes — 



Wni. A. Snow 

Wm. H. Seymour 

"410 Main St. 



Ephriam Bailey. 



Night of 
Meeting. 



1st and 3d Fri. 
1st Saturday 

1st Wednesday 

2d Tuesday 
Monday 



2d and 4th Wed. 
1st Monday 
Monday 

2dand4thTliurs. 
1st Thursday 

2dand4thThurs. 

Alternate Sat. 
2d Saturday 
Wednesday 



1st and 3dThurs. 
2d and 4th Tues. 
Ist Saturday 



Thursday 

2d and last Wed. 

1st Monday 



1st and 3d Mon. 
Wednesday 
1st and 3d Fri. 

2d and last Thur. 

3d Monday 

'JA Friday 

2d and 4th Mon. 



2d and 4th Mon. 
Friday 



I'd and 4th Sat. 




GEORGE S. EVANS, 



Departmlcnt CorvirviANDER, 



1883-84. 



JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

DEPARTMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS, G.A.R. 

HELD AT 

Boston, 1884. 



JANUARY 30 — EVENING SESSION. 

The Aumial Meetiug of the Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Faneuil Hall, Boston, 
Jan. 30, 1884, in compliance with General Orders, No. 12, from 
Department Headquarters, and was called to order at 8 o'clock 
by Department Commander George S. Evans. 

The Officer of the Day reported all present members of the 
Order 

Prayer was offered by the Department Chaplain, John W. 
Lee. 

Commander Evans announced the Encampment opened in 
due form, and appointed the following Committee on Credentials, 
viz.: the Assistant Adjutant-General; C. H. Parsons; W. W. 
Scott; R. F. Tobin ; J. C. Thomas; Benj. Pitman of the Coun- 
cil of Administration, and Inspector H. A. Sawyer. 

On motion of Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 it was 
Rioted, 

That the reading of the records be dispensed with. 



150 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment . 487 

Number present • 334 

Divided as follows : — 

Department Officers 15 

Past Department Commanders 4 

Post Commanders 108 

Delegates • . 307 

Total 334 

The Department Commander reported the presence on the 
platform of a delegation from the Department of Rhode Island, 
headed by Past Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief E. H. Rhodes. 

Past Commander-in-Chief George S. Merrill, Past Depart- 
ment Commanders John G. B. Adams and George W. Creasey 
were noticed in the hall, and invited to seats on the platform. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



151 



DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT, 
1884. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 



Commander . . . . 
Senior Vice- Commander 
Junior Vice- Commander 
Medical Director . . 
Chaplain 



George S. Evans. 
John D. Billings. 
Wm. a. Sloane. 
Jas. H. Wright. 
John W. Lee. 



Council of Administration. 
Chas. H. Parsons, W. W. Scott, Richard F. Tobix, 



J. Gushing Thomas, 

Official Staff 
Assistant Adjutant-General 
Assista)it Quartermaster-General 

Inspector 

Judge Advocate 

Chief Mustering Officer 



BEN.r. Pitman. 



A. C. MONKGE. 

C. O. Fellows. 
H. A. Sawyer. 
John L. Rice. 
A M Lunt. 



P(tst Department Commanders. 

A. B. Underwood. George S. Merrill. 

John G. B. Adams. George W. Ckeasey. 

George H. P.\tch. 

[Only the names of comrades present are given.] 

Post 1. Commander James L. Wilber, James F. Triff, Leopold Bartol, 
George P Gifford. 

Post 2. Commander J. Payson Bradlej', William S. BroAvn, Horace S. 
Everett, Charles H. Ross. 

Post 3. Commander Gustavns T. Fisher, C. S. Anthony, Henry D. 
White, D. S Elliott. 

Post 4. Commander Edwin C. Gould, James Pope. 

Post a. Commander Geo. D. Stiles, H. O. Moore, E. B. Billings, John 
L. Parker, Chas. H. Baker, Chas. Loyd, Wm. L Baird, 
Chas W. Sears, Frank SAvain, H F. Segar, A .V. Davis, 
R. E. Redman, John C. Metcalf, D. H. Fellows, John G 
Dervan, G A. Badger, F. P. Larrabee, Geo. H. Lehman, 
John Macfarlane. 

Post C. Commander Daniel F. Travis, B. A. Bridges. 



152 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 7. Commander Albert S. Buswell, A. E. Perkins, S. F. Keyes, 

Dennis Meehan, Geo. A. J. Colgan. 
Post 8 Commander A. P. Vaiighan, Clias. A Howes. 
Post 9. Commander Kufus Howe, Sullivan Arnold, E. P. Miles. 
Post 10. Commander Wm. L Robinson, W. H. Bartlett, S. F. Babbitt, 
C. W. Gasset, J. K. Clmrcbill, J. P. Lamb, Jobu G. Brewer, 
Georse A. Blunt, J B. Willard. L J. Goodell, Thos. 
O'Gara, F. H Rice 
Post 11. Commander Thomas H. Haskell, Z. R. Knowles, Alvin R. 

BaileJ^ 
Post 12. Commander Oliver Walton, Jason H Knight, S. B Dearborn, 

Justin Howard, C. H. Ilawes. 
Post 13. Senior Vice-Commander Frank W. Luce, Fred Hanson, 

A. Elliot Paine. 
Post 14. Commander T. N. Drawbridge, L. K. Hutchinson. 
Post 15. Commander George 0. Noyes, D. Linehan, Thomas Langlan, 

Oliver Downing, George W. Powers, Thomas G. White 
Post 16. Commander E. W.^Lathrop, W B. Watts, J. W. Hersey, 
Charles Fay, G. L. Warriner, R J. Hamilton, H. M. 
Phillips, G. W. Turner. 
Post 17. Commander R. W. Rand, S. S. Giles. 
Post 18. Commander J. H. Balcom, Thomas Taylor. 
Post 19. Commander Ira G. Wilkins, J. C Bruce, Alphonso Marsh, 

C. E Pherson, J. R. Hamilton. 
Post 20. Geo. H. Carpenter. 

Post 21. Commander Charles Bleiler, Theodore Leutz. 
Post 22. Commander Geo. L. Mayuard, Alfred A. Burrell, Geo M. 

Hawkins. 
Post 23. Commander J. H. Dalton, Samuel M.Weale, Jonas C Littlefleld. 
Post 24. Commander Henry Mann, T. J. Hall. 
Post 25. Not represented. 
Post 26. Commander Charles H. Hovey, C. W. C Rhoades. F. W. 

Monroe. 
Post 27. Commander Fred G. Hyde, Edwin Allen. 
Post 28. Commander W. L G. Haskins, H. O. Sawyer 
Post 29. Commander Wm. D. Newlaud, H C. Hall, J. H Whelon. 
Post 30. Commander John W. Walker, Horace J Gray, Geo. H. Cope- 
land, E J Dolan. 
Post 31. Commander A. A. Seaverns, Bardin A. Prouty. 
Post 32. Commander W. J Blake, A. C. Belcher. 
POST 33, Thomas H. Hill, Albert P. Barrett. 
Post 34. Senior Vice-Commander Samuel Worcester, Amos StiUmau, 

Mark Heathcote, J Frank Dalton 
Post 35. Commander Geo. W. Marsh, Wm H. Hart, Jas. T. Lakin, 
Charles A Littlefleld, Amasa P. Johnson, Charles A 
Campbell, Henry J. Winde, F. 0. Barnes. 
Post 36. Commander Horace D. Durgin, James A. Marden. 
Post 37. Commander Geo. L. Smith, Junior Vice-Commander Ira E. 

Lackey, E. J. Beau. 
Po.ST 38. Junior Vice-Commander F. A. Cooper. 
Post 39. Commander George H. Flagg, Wm. D. Curtis, A. C. Stone, 

H. K. Webster, John K. Tarbox. 
Post 40. Commander Benj. Johnson, M. B. Lakeman, Frank J. Scott. 
Post 41. Commauder Charles H. Clark, John A. Pittsiuger, S. P. 

Harrison. Geo. H. Prescott. 
Post 42. Commander F. B. Peabody, E. W. Thompson, J. P. Maxfleld, 
N W. Allen, S. S. Stacey, Geo. C. Hedrick, Geo H. 
Richardson 
Post 43 Commander E. C. Marsh, W. S. Frost, J. W. Barnes. W. A. 
Allev. 



KUiHTEENTII ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



153 



Post 44. 
Post 45. 

Post 46. 



Post 47 



Post 48. 
Post 49. 

Post 50. 

Post 51. 
Post 52. 
Post 53. 
Post 54. 
Po.>*t 55. 
Post 56 
Post 57. 



Post 58. 
Post 5it. 
Post 60. 
Post 61. 
Post 62. 
Post 63. 
Post 64. 
Post 65. 
Post 66. 
Post 67. 

Post 68. 



Post 69. 
PO.ST 70. 
Post 71. 

Post 72. 
Post 73. 
Post 74. 
Post 75. 

Post 76. 
Post 77. 
Post 78. 
Post 79. 
Post 80. 

Post 81. 
Post 82. 

Post 83. 
Post 84. 
Post 85. 
Post 86 



Couiinaiuler Francis Wright, S. F Draper. 

Connnauder Win. H. Cross, Fitz. J. Babson, E L Rowe, D. S. 

Watson, A. C. Andrews. 
Commander John H Abbott, Henry M. Weeden, Frank Mc- 

Graw, Richard B. Blake, Henry 0. Nickerson, Joseph E. 

Nye 
Commander Wni. H. Johnson, John G. Scates, E G. W. Cart- 

Avriaht, Chas E Stnrgis, Walter Goodrich, Nathan P. 

Taber, Thomas M. Arnold. 
Commander John Q A. McCollester. 
Senior Vice-Commander J. Albert Mills, Thomas E. Cutter, 

Philip H. Creasey, Caleb P. Davis, Jr., William A. Little. 
Commander William" H. Hildreth, John H. Tibbetts, C. T. 

Batchelder, Simon P. Buxton. 
Commander John S. Cook, Stephen B. Kemp. 
Commander E. R. Holbrook, Marcus F. Delano. 
Commander Aldrich Cook, W. H. Loverine, Clesson Kenne)'. 
Commander John L. Bruce, John A. ^Merrill. 
Not represented. 

Commander D. T. Duhig, H. A. Allyn. Wm II. Eveleth. 
Commander Jonas F. Capelle, Junior Vice-Commander Henry 

Weisse, John C. DriscoU, Charles O. Welch, Thos Mont- 

<?omery. 
Commander Benj. S Lovell, Charles Hawes. 
Commander Eihvard F. Winn, Thomas L. Gerry, S R. Peters. 
Commander Oliver II. Inijalls, Georf^e W. Nason. 
Commander A. R. Snow, E. P Morton, E W. Smith. 
Commander W. A. Wetherbee, S. S Whitney, J. F Makee. 
Commander Frank P. Simonds, D. H L. Gleason, A B Pierce. 
Commander Louis L. Stone, Jeremiah Stuart, Henrj' C. Ladd. 
Amos Bliss. 

Commander Samuel G. Jepson, John S. Beck, Geo. L. Goodale. 
Commander Robert C. Calder, Senior Vice-Commander Ezra 

Stanley, Henry T. Brisham. 
Commander Charles D. Stiles, J. K. Bui'lingame, H. S. Cole, 

Chas. B. Fox, Sam'l A. Gushing, Jr., B. Read Wales, 

Luther Moulton, Jr. 
Commander Abner E. Drury, Adin F. Baker. 
Commander A. H. Bachelor, S E. Hull 
Commander Henry Crosby, Senior Vice-Commander W. II. 

Abbott, P. J. Donnelly'. W. H. Abbott 
Commander Lysander Wood, Thomas l^lanchard. 
Commander A. II. Wright, Jesse H. Jones, John W. Sproul. 
Commander Isaac Hopkins, Henry J. Gushing, Wm. B. Seavey. 
Commander R. K. Brown, Senior Vice-Commander Y. C. Silke, 

L. P. Benton, John Bert, S. A. Lawrence. 
Commander Alonzo H. Perry, Ezra T. Burgess, W. H. Standish. 
Commander George S. (rraham 

Commander William H. Gurney, V. P. Harlow, Timothy Reed. 
Commander G S. Stock well, Henry A. Tower. 
Commander G. T. Fayerweather, Theodore N. Gates, Chas 

Drayton. 
Commander B H. Dow, Geo. E. Teele, II. W. Martin. 
Commander Wm. 15. McCurdy, William H. Brown, Richard 

(Joldsmith, John Anderson. 
Commander Woodbridge R. Howes, Horace S. Tower. 
Not represented. 

Commander (Jeorge S. Marsh, IM. G. Miller 
Commander Wm. C. Pomeroy, John L. Otis, J. B. Parsons. 



154 



HISTORY DKPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 


87. 


Post 


88. 


Post 


89. 


Post 


90. 


Post 


91. 


Post 


92 


Post 


93. 


Post 


94. 


Post 


95. 


Post 


96. 


Post 


97. 


Post 


98. 


Post 


99. 


Post 


100. 


Post 


101. 


Post 


102. 


Post 


103. 


Post 


104. 


Post 


105. 


Post 


106 


Post 


107. 


Post 


108. 


Post 


109. 


Post 


110. 


Post 


111. 


Post 


112. 


Post 


113. 


Post 


114. 


Post 


115. 


Post 


116. 


Post 


117. 


Post 


118. 


Post 


119. 


Post 


120. 


Post 


121. 


Post 


122. 


Post 


123. 


Post 


124. 


Post 


125. 


Post 


126 


Post 


127. 


Post 


128. 


Post 


129. 


Post 


130. 


Post 


131. 


Post 


132. 


Post 


133. 


Post 


134, 


Post 


1.35. 


Post 


136, 


Post 


137. 



Commaiuler Henry A. Monk, T. B. Stoddard. 

Commander William P. Martin, Geo. A. Ordway, Chas. A 

Follett 
Commander .Joseph VV. Stocker, Fred K. A. Wallis, Henry N. 

Rogers, Charles W. Pert. 
Commander Edward L Hill, Wm. P. Damon, William J. 

Mnrphy, Thomas R. McDermott 
Commander C. A. Stevens, H. L. Campbell. 
Commander B. F. Sanborn, A. J. Wilson. 
Not represented. 

Commander J. Linfield, A. A. Harrington 
Commander Chas. A. Newhall, J. W Sawyer. 
Commander F. M Harrington, M. M. Thompson 
Commander George M. Abbey, Charles E. Davis. 
Commander Chas. A Gross, F. A. Field 
Commander B. Cummings, S K. Goldsmith. 
Commander Daniel Webster, Senior Vice-Commander George 

N. Barnard. 
Commander Hosea B. Nash, L. H. Hopkinson 
Commander Geo. A Fletcher, J. Walter Bradlee. 
Commander C. H. Tracy, Amos 0. Kenuey. 
Commander C. H. Wakefield, Henry .Jones. 
Albert Davis. 

Commander Thomas Y. Parsons, Jr., Walter G. Peckham. 
Not represented . 

Commander Chas. Smith, E. P. Wildes. 
George P Hawkes. 
Commander William A. Croak, Senior Vice-Commander 

H. A. Drake, John Moore, Jr. 
Commander Henry H. CoUamore, George N. Church. 
Not represented 
Commander E. H. Richards, Albert W. Heney, Thos. L. 

OBrion 
Commander Chas. Roberts, Bailey Sargent. 
Commander M. P. Palmer, Thomas Gibson 
Commander S. T. Chambeiiin, John A. Byron. 
Commander John H. Gould, William F. Guild. 
Commander I'eleg Gardner, John I. Adams 
Senior Vice-Commander George D. Harrington. 
Commander Hubert M. Potter. Junior Vice-Commander 

W. A. Fifleld, C. H. Coburn, C. F. Mann, A. G. Hildreth. 
Commander Geo. G. Bailey, Jr., Geo. L. Eldridge, S A. 

Reynolds, L. B. French. 
Commander Chas. L. Tucker, Dudley E Gale. 
Commander Samuel N Gould, Enoch T. Lewis. 
Commander E E. Edson, F M. liingman. 
Commander W. H Chamberlain, Chas. M. Wheldeu. 
Commander F L. Wheelock, N. B. Baker. 
Not represented. 

Commander Luther Wait, Leach Clark. 
Not represented. 

Commander H. A. Walker, Jerry Simmons. 
Commander F. M. Lamb, Henry Williams. 
Senior Vice-Commander B. F Chamberlin, J. H. Stevens. 
Commander Wm. H. Wade, J. R. Mathewson. 
Wm. H. Howard, J Lambert. 
Commander Jos R. Loring, Hammond W. Paige. 
Commander Jas. G. Shannon. 
Not represented 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 



155 



Post 138. Commauder Jonatban C. Loker, A. C. Handley. 

Post 139. Commander Chas. F. King, James Murphy. 

Post 140 Commauder L. H. Sawiu, M. R. Hartshorn, W. E. Jaquith. 

Post 141. Commander Samuel Hawes, Chas. H. Packard. 

Post 142. Commander Wm B. Wallace, George .\. Reed. 

Post 143. Willard Y. Gross, Wm. E. Long, Chas. C. Soule. 

Post 144. Commander Chas C. Nichols, John B. Fisher, Cornelius A. 

Taft. 

Post 145. Commander Thomas K. Gay, E A. Horton, M. O. Wheaton, 

E. W Rhodes. 

Post 146. Commander Chas. H. Harrison. 

Post 147. Commander J. W. Howland, Senior Vice-Commander H. C. 

Comins, J A. Rawson. 

Post 148 Commander AVm. A Snow, S. C. Small. 

Post 149. Commander Horace S. Flagg, Wm. H. Seymour. 

Post 150. Commander Jason Mann, L. B Sewell. 

Post 151 Not represented. 

Post 153 Commauder C. T. Stearns. 

Post 154 Commander Geo. H. Bonney, Jr., James H. Thompson. 

Post 155. Not represented. 

Post 156. Commander Darius Hadley, Robert H. Jenkins. 

Post 157. Commauder Geo. E. Craig, F. A. Hartshorn. 

Post 158. Commander William McDonald. 

Post 159. Commander Flavel Shurtleff, F M. Boynton. 

Post 160. Commauder J. G Warren, G. H. Howard 

Post 161. Commander George Perkins. 

Post 162. Not represented. 



The next business was the reports of Department OflBcers, 
commencing with the address of the Department Commander, 
George S. Evans, as follows : — 



156 HISTORY UEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

ADDRESS OF 
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER GEORGE S. EVANS. 

Comrades : As we gather together here tonight, at the Eight- 
eenth Annual Encampment of our Department organization, it 
is right and proper that we should return sincere and hearty 
thanks to the great Commander of us all for His watchful care 
and providence over us in the past, and to invoke His aid and 
blessing for the success and prosperit}^ of our beloved organiza- 
tion in the future. 

As we look back over the past year and the work which has 
been accomplished, in extending the influence and the blessings 
of the Grand Army of the Republic in this State, and the frater- 
nal feeling which exists throughout the Department, it is with a 
feeling of deep thankfulness that I most heartily congratulate you 
upon the excellent condition of our Department today, and the 
bright and glorious prospects which loom up before us for the 
future. 

Comrades, I am glad to meet you here tonight at this, the 
largest Encampment of our Department organization, and in my 
review of the work of the past year, I shall speak, not boastfully, 
but gratefully. When the delegates to the last Encampment con- 
ferred upon me the high and responsible position of Commander, 
I determined to devote all the time and attention to the duties 
of the office that I possibly could, and by all the means in my 
power promote the interests and extend the benefits of our organ- 
ization. I hand back to you, tomorrow, the charge you then 
confided to my keeping, with the consciousness of having, to the 
best of my ability, and in my humble way, done all that in me 
lay for the best interests of the Department and of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

We meet at this time to review the work of the past year 
and to take counsel for the future. We meet in peace to counsel 
for the maintaining and advancing of the principles and influence 
of this grand organization, that sprang up from the ashes of the 
great armies whose record you helped to make glorious, and 
whose triumphs and victories you helped to achieve ; an organi- 
zation whose fraternity is so true and grand, whose charity is 
so widespread and so free, and whose loyalty is so earnest and 
intense. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

During the year we have added to our roster fourteen new 
Posts, three of which were organized by my predecessor. Two new 
Posts were organized last week, and appeared to start off under 
very favorable circumstances. The twelve Posts previously organ- 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 157 

ized are in excellent condition, ;ind are increasing their member- 
ship at nearly every meeting. 

I have not been over-anxious for the organization of new 
Posts, believing more in strengthening the Posts in existence, 
when it was possible to do so, than establishing new ones in 
localities where there was but a slight prospect of their living. 
Though the Rules and Regulations require but ten names on an 
application for charter, I have insisted on having at least twenty 
names, believing that ten names are too few, at this late day, 
with which to organize a Post ; and I therefore feel more confi- 
dent of the success of these Posts from the fact that they have 
started off with a good working membership of at least twenty- 
five. 

There have been no surrenders of charters during the year. 
One Post has failed to make returns for the fourth quarter of the 
year, and, I believe, has held no meetings. The Commander 
paid the ^^er capita tax of the first, second and third quarters, 
and promised to try and get the comrades together and renew the 
interest. I wrote him a personal letter, offering him any assist- 
ance that I might be able to render either personally or through 
my Staff", but received no reply. The Assistant Inspector detailed 
for that Post made his spring and fall visitations, but was unable 
to get the comrades together. Including this Post, we now have 
1G2 Posts in the Department. 

The report to National Headquarters for the year ending 
December 31, 1882, shows a membership, in good standing, of 
12,410 ; while the report for the year ending Dec. 31, 1883, foots 
up a total of 14,393 members in good standing; an actual gain 
over all losses during the past year of 1,983. With the gain in 
membership made by the accession of the two new Posts, and 
the delayed returns received from Posts since our reports were 
sent to National Headquarters, the Assistant Adjutant-General's 
Report will show that, up to the present time, our membership is 
14,505, in good standing, making the total gain 2,064. 1 regret 
to say that our fourth quarter's report shows a suspended mem- 
bership of 420. In General Orders, No. 10, I drew attention to 
this matter of suspended members, believing then, as I do now, 
that, by a little extra exertion on the part of Post Quartermasters, 
this large suspended list might be greatly reduced. The first 
quarter of last year there were suspended 463 ; second quar- 
ter, 496 ; third quarter, 429 ; while the dropped from the rolls 
amounted to only seventy-seven in the second quarter, ninety-two 
in the third quarter, and seventy-three in the fourth quarter. It 
would naturally be inferred that the suspended membership of 
463 the first quarter would cause a large number to be dropped 
later on in the year, but such is not the case, as you will see by 
the above figures that nearly all those suspended during the first 



158 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

quarter have been gained in the second or third. The number 
suspended during the j^ear was 1,87G ; while the number dropped 
from the rolls was only 307. 

Believing as I do that a large number of these suspensions 
are caused simply by the neglect or carelessness of comrades who 
are amply able and perfectly willing to pay their dues, I feel that, 
if Post Quartermasters will take as much interest in the collection 
of dues before suspending a member as they do before drop- 
ping him, this showing can be greatly improved upon. I would 
earnestly recommend that Commanders of Posts, entering upon 
their duties for this year, will give this subject the consideration 
it deserves, and make a better showing for our Department in 
this direction during the present year. Feeling that these 420 
suspended members of the last quarter are not lost to the Depart- 
ment, we can safely place our membership on Jan. 1, 1884, at 
about 14,600; or, up to the present time, at about 14,800, in 
round numbers. 

In looking over the roll, we find that 1G9 of our comrades 
have been mustered out by Death, and gone into camp with that 
large column which preceded them to the other side of the river. 
We miss their faces and their counsel, but, like their comrades 
who have gone before, they are gratefully remembered for what 
they did and suffered for their country. Their places are vacant, 
never to be filled in the ranks of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Among those whose loss we were caused to mourn during 
the year were two whose prominence in our Order deserves more 
than passing mention : Past Department Commander John A. 
Hawes died at Fair Haven, March 10, 1883. His funeral took 
place on the 13th. I regretted exceedingly that I did not have 
timely notice of his funeral, in order to make arrangements to 
attend ; but the Department was represented by the Assistant 
Adjutant-General, Past Commander-in-Chief Merrill, Past Depart- 
ment Commanders Adams, Creasey and Patch, with other com- 
rades. A beautiful floral tribute was contributed in behalf of the 
Department, and at a meeting of the Council of Administration 
appropriate resolutions were adopted and forwarded to the family 
of our respected Past Department Commander. By the death of 
Comrade Hawes the Department lost an earnest, devoted and 
loyal comrade ; one whose heart was in the welfare of our organi- 
zation, and one whose memory will long be cherished by his 
comrades throughout the Department, and especially by those 
who were associated with him during his three years at Depart- 
ment Headquarters as Junior Vice, Senior Vice and Commander. 

Past Department Chaplain Warren H. Cudworth died sud- 
denly at Flast Boston, on Thanksgiving Day, at a union service 
of the various churches, and while invoking the Divine blessing. 
His sudden death cast a gloom all over the city, and brought a 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 159 

deep sorrow to the home of many who had experienced his kind- 
heartedness and generosity. Popular alike with rich and poor, 
youno- and old, his loss to the commuuity was universally regretted, 
but by none more so than by his comrades. Those who were 
associated with him in the service of his country knew him but to 
love him, and we of the Grand Army of the Republic, who were 
intimate with him, can best appreciate him as the friend of the 
soldier, the widow and the orphan. His genial, happy disposi- 
tion endeared him to all, and our Department, by his death, loses 
one of the kindest, noblest and most generous of our comrades. 
We mourn his loss, but our grief is tempered with joj^ous pride 
in his heroism, and our tear-drops, glistening in the lustre of his 
manhood, become imperishable gems to adorn for all time his 
radiant memory. He fought the good fight, and is now enjoying 
the repose of a victory greater tlian any earthly triumph. 

The Department was represented at the funeral of Comrade 
Cudworth by the Commander and a large delegation of his Staff. 

FINANCES. 

The excellent detailed report of the Assistant Quartermaster- 
General will present to you the financial standing of our Depart- 
ment up to date. 

The amount of cash on hand at the commencement of my 
administration was SG83.71, and today, without any indebted- 
ness, we have cash on hand amounting to $1,744.31. It will be 
remembered that among the first of my duties was the securing of 
rooms for headquarters, being compelled to remove from where 
we were then located. The expenses of moving and fitting up 
headquarters, procuring a testimonial for the retiring Assistant 
Adjutant-General, James F. Meech, and the purchase of a desk 
for headquarters are among the items of expenditure during the 
year, and will be classed as extraordinary, from the fact that 
they will not recur for years to come. The value of the supplies 
on hand at the present time is $382.18, which, added to the cash 
on hand, furniture and property of the headquarters, amounts to 
82,510.59. 

It has been our aim during the year to conduct the affairs 
of the Department as economically as possible, consistent with 
good management, and when we reflect that, four years ago, the 
Department was deeply in debt, the showing at the present time 
is a source of gratification to us all, and one upon which the 
Department is to be congratulated. 

INSPECTIONS. 

From the report of the Department Inspector, and from my 
own personal observation, I find a marked improvement nearly 



160 HISTORY DEPT. OF JIASS., G.A.R. 

everywhere iu the manner of doing the work in the Post room, — 
a closer attention is paid to the Ritual, and as a consequence there 
is more uniformity in the work throughout the Department. 
There is, however, still room for improvement, and I have urged 
upon all Posts that I have visited to follow carefully the Ritual. 
I am happy to be able to say that in a large number of Posts the 
officers have committed the Ritual to memory, which is a great 
improvement upon each officer reading his part, and I would 
earnestly suggest that each officer memorize the part assigned to 
him, and I feel satisfied that he will not regret it. 

Believing that the system inaugurated by Commander Patch 
last year of spring inspection or visitation, was a good one, I 
adopted it and have found it of great benefit to a large number of 
Posts. The spring visitation is more for instruction than criticism, 
and the number of marked improvements repoi'ted at the fall 
inspection over the spring visitation, speaks volumes iu favor of 
the system. Besides the improvement in the work of the Posts, 
these visitations bring the Department Headquarters and the Posts 
into closer communion, and is the means of making many a Post 
feel that it is not entirely neglected bj^ headquarters, but that 
there is some interest taken in its success and welfare. 

For these reasons I do earnestly recommend that the spring 
visitations be continued. 

The complete and thorough inspection of all the Posts in the 
Department during the year is a matter of much gratification to 
me, and I cannot too highly compliment the Inspector and Assist- 
ants for the prompt and faithful manner in which they have per- 
formed their duty. 

A large number of Posts now include in the muster-in fee 
the price of the Regulation Badge. I would recommend its 
adoption by every Post in tlie Department, if for no other reason 
than that of making the badge presentation, which is such an 
impressive feature of our ritualistic work. E^very comrade should 
possess a badge, and I know of no time or place where its import- 
ance can be made so apparent as at the Post room upon the 
night of initiation, when it is presented in the presence of the 
comrades. 

While speaking of badges, it is with pleasure that I mention 
the receipt of a communication from the Commander-in-Chief, in 
which he announces that hereafter National Headquarters will 
furnish a full set of rank-badges for Posts for three dollars. 
This is a very gratifying reduction from the exorbitant prices we 
have been paying, and as the Department can furnish the set for 
four dollars, this is a reduction of about one-half to the Post for 
the set of nine badges. The Sergeant-Major and Quartermaster- 
Sergeant badges are not included, as no available design has been 
adopted by the National Encampment. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 161 

CHARITY. 

The reports which are to follow will show that the expen- 
ditures for charity from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1883, were 836,941.(51 . 
This laro;e amouut has been expended during the year in extend- 
ing aid and comfort to the destitute comrades, or the families of 
deceased comrades. We can never measure the weight of woe 
which has been thus lifted, the many sad hearts cheered, the 
broken spirits encouraged, through the instrumentality of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. This, comrades, is a magnificent 
showing, and one of which we must necessarily feel proud. 

There is at present $105,851.47 in the Relief Funds of our 
Posts, which shows that the comrades have been earnestly at 
work in behalf of the charitable work of our oi'ganization. It is 
well to keep our Relief Funds in good condition, for the years are 
coming when the demands upon us will be much greater than they 
now are, and we will be less able to seek and obtain the funds 
necessary for the carrjnng on of our noble work. 

OUR soldiers' HOME 

has now been in operation one year and a half, and is today, in 
my estimation, the proudest monument of the work of our Depart- 
ment. It is a home in reality, and I believe ever will be, so long 
as it is presided over by our esteemed comrade, the Superinten- 
dent, Gen. James A. Cunningham, and his beloved and estimable 
wife, the Matron, than whom no better woman ever presided over 
an institution in this or any other country. 

I will not dwell upon the necessities and beauties of the Home. 
You nearly all know my feelings in relation to it from the time it 
was first suggested. It is very gratifying to us all to witness its 
success, and our only regrets are that he, Gen. Horace Binney 
Sargent, who did more than any other one person for its establish- 
ment and success, is not present with us at this Convention, to 
rejoice and be glad over the results of an enterprise upon which 
he had set his whole heart. 

There will be presented to you a printed annual report of the 
management of the Home during the first year, which will give 
you interesting information. Besides this, the President of the 
Board of Trustees, Comrade J. G. B. Adams, will give you a 
statement of its condition up to Jan. 1, 1884. 

The Board of Trustees voted at its last meeting to hold a 
grand Fair in the spring of 1885, upon the Grand Army plan, 
under the auspices and with the co-operation of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. It is expected to make this Fair a great success, 
and to realize a handsome sum, so that our accommodations may 
be increased and our Home placed upon a substantial linancial 
footing ; and upon you, comrades, and those whom you represent, 
depends the success of that undertaking. 



11 



162 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

While the time set for the holding of the contemplated Fair 
is somewhat distant, we cannot begin on the work too soon. I 
would, therefore, strongly recommend that some definite action 
be taken by this Encampment in relation to tlie matter. I believe 
it would be well for the Commanders and delegates here assembled 
to bring the matter before their respective Posts at their very next 
meetings, and adopt some plan of action by which they can help 
in the undertaking. I have no hesitation in saying, that with 
concerted action throughout the Department, the handsome sum 
of one hundred thousand dollars can be raised. But it requires 
work, yes, hard work; still we are equal to the occasion, if we 
only put our shoulders to the wheel, and I hope that every com- 
rade will feel that upon him to a certain extent depends the suc- 
cess of the Fair to be held for the benefit of our Soldiers' Home, 
in the spring of 1885. 

MEMORIAL DAY. 

From every section of our good old Commonwealth came 
cheering reports as to the renewed interest and devotion to the 
services of our Memorial Day. It has become one of the 
acknowledged holidays of the year, and its general observance b}'^ 
the people is a guarantee that the day, with its sacred and hallowed 
memories, has a place in the heart of every liberty-loving, loyal 
citizen. The reports from the various Posts show that the decora- 
tion of our comrades' graves was properly attended to, the ser- 
vices incident thereto were of more than usual interest, and the 
attendance of comrades at the exercises far in excess of that of 
any previous year. 

It grieves me when I notice a growing disposition on the part 
of unthinking people to make it a day for excursions, dances and 
other amusements. God forbid that this day, designed for 
thanksgiving and sorrow, should ever be a day of festivity. Com- 
rades, we should give our annual Memorial Day an impi'ess and a 
significance that will characterize it after we and this generation 
have gone. We must frown down, condemn, by sentiment and 
voice, the desecration of this day made sacred to the memory of 
over five hundred thousand loyal men whose graves we decorate 
upon Memorial Day. The comrade who would neglect the duty 
of the day for such amusements is wanting in the principles and 
spirit of our organization. 

Let us each succeeding year gather together upon Memorial 
Day, hold services worthy of the occasion, scatter upon the graves 
of our martju'ed dead the fragrant flowers, — the gift of the widow, 
the mother, the sister, the brother, the friend, — decorate their 
graves silently, reverently ; you stand beside a soldier's grave ; 
do it as the simple and visible sign of a soldier's affection. Our 
Memorial Day services add to the sanctity of a wedded affection 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 1G3 

for the laud we love, pledging eternal fidelity to each other and to 
the honor of tlie dear old flag we followed in war, and cherish so 
highly in peace ; and the nation lives today because our lamented 
comrades died to redeem it, and the flag of freedom floats proudly 
in the breeze because the blood of our patriotic dead was shed to 
uphold it. 

NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

With a full delegation from our Department, accompanied by 
the New Hampshire, Maine, Vermont and Rhode Island delega- 
tions, I attended the Encampment at Denver, Colorado. It was 
a grand gathering of veterans who had come long distances to be 
present at this annual reunion of our organization. Nearly 
twenty thousand veterans were in the city of Denver during the 
session. The Encampment was the largest ever held, and of the 
many I have attended was the most successful in the transaction 
of business, clearing up everything that came before it. 

Of the business transacted you have received reports through 
General Orders, etc., and I will not take up your time with com- 
ments upon it. The communication of John A. Andrew Post No. 
15 of this city, asking for a petition for the admission of sailors 
to the National Soldiers' Homes upon the same condition as sol- 
diers, w^as unanimously adopted. This I believe was the only 
matter that affected our Department particularly. The election 
of officers was in accordance with the Avishes of the delegates of 
this Department, as expressed at a meeting previously held, and 
I believe the choice made was a good one in every instance. 

The next Encampment will be at Minneapolis, Minn., in July, 
and I cannot too urgentl}' impress upon you the necessity of select- 
ing delegates who will attend. Though I understood that each 
delegate elected last year had pledged himself to go to Denver, 
but six attended out of the twenty-four delegates and alternates, 
the Council of Administration electing six to fill vacancies. This 
year we are entitled to fourteen delegates, and I trust that the 
committee for that purpose will only present the names of those 
who will attend. 

INSTALLATION OF OFFICERS. 

Public installations of officers are becoming very prevalent in 
this, as well as other Departments of our organization, and I 
heartily commend them. The public, and especially our friends, 
should be invited to such gatherings of our Posts as we can 
properly admit them to. Our installation services might be 
made far more impressive and interesting, but as it is many 
have expressed surprise and gratification at their impressiveness 
and have formed advanced ideas of our organization after being 
present at a public installation. In order that we might have a 



164 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

proper form of public installation, which is not laid down in the 
Service Book, I would recommend that a committee be appointed 
at this Encampment to revise our present service, so as to make 
it suitable for both private and public installations, said com- 
mittee to report to the Department Commander at the completion 
of its work, the Commander to present the same to the National 
Encampment for its adoption or rejection. I recommend this 
method because of the delays attendant upon work referred to 
committees at the National Encampment. 

woman's relief corps. 

The past year has been an eventful one for this organization 
of noble and patriotic women. Accepting the invitation of 
Commander-in-Chief Van Dervoort, a large number of ladies, 
from all sections of the country where the Grand Arm}^ exists, 
were present at Denver, Col., during the National p]ucampment, 
for the purpose of consulting as to the future of the organization. 
After considerable discussion as to the best method, a National 
organization was formed, and I am proud to say that the work of 
the Massachusetts organization was adopted as the best to work 
under. This endorsement of the work of the Massachusetts 
women was made still stronger by the selection of three of its 
officers as the principal officers of the National organization. 
While the Woman's National Relief Corps is in such hands, we 
have no need to fear for the result. 

The State Department has, as in the past years of its exist- 
ence, been doing a noble work of charity, and has, in many 
instances which came under my own observation, been of great 
benefit, and a material helper to some of our Posts. Having 
always had infinite faith in woman's work as auxiliary to the 
Grand Army of the Republic, I am stronger in the faith today 
than ever, and I heartily commend the Massachusetts Depart- 
ment, as it now stands, as an organization wliose only aim is to 
aid and co-operate with us in the noble work we are day by day 
accomplishing, and to in no way assume any of the prerogatives 
of our organization ; but to help and care for the destitute com- 
rade if need be, and to comfort and provide for the widows and 
orphans of our late comrades. 

There is another organization of women which deserves our 
gratitude, the Ladies' Aid Societ)'. The object of this society is 
to assist in any way possible in procuring means to carry on the 
Soldier's Home, and to gather for the inmates such matter as 
will be entertaining and useful for their amusement and comfort. 
This society will give a grand " Kettle Drum," for the benefit of 
the Home, at the Institute Building, on the evening of February 
14, by which they expect to realize a handsome sum. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 1G5 



SONS OF VETERANS. 

I have been asked a great mauy times during the past year 
to recognize in some manner the Sons of Veterans organization, 
or to say a good word in its behalf. This I would have been 
glad to do if harmony had prevailed in their ranks and their 
actions in all cases had met with my views. There being so 
many distinct organizations, with apparently an unkindl}' feeling 
toward each other, I resolved to keep aloof from them altogether, 
and have not inquired into the merits of either branch. The 
organization which presented its case before the National 
Encampment at Denver, presented the following as its object : — 

" To keep green the memories of our fathers, and their sac- 
rifice for the maintenance of the Union ; to aid the members of 
the Grand Armj' of the Republic in caring for their helpless and 
disabled veterans ; to extend aid and protection to their widows 
and orphans ; to perpetuate the memor}' and history of their 
heroic dead, and the proper observance of Memorial day; to aid 
and assist worthy and needy members of our Order ; to inculcate 
patriotism and love of country, not only among our membership, 
but among all the people of our land, and to spread and sustain 
the doctrines of equal rights, universal liberty, and justice to 
all." 

An organization with such noble purposes ought to receive 
our approval, but it will require harmony and peace "all along 
the line " before I can commend it to my comrades. Our organi- 
zation is now powerful and strung, with every prospect of still 
further advancement; our Charity Fund is in a healthy condition, 
and I feel that for a few years to come we will be able to carry 
on our work, therefore I cannot agree Avith the course adopted by 
some Camps of the Sons of Veterans in going before the people 
in their own behalf and soliciting aid, either by sale or contri- 
bution, upon the ostensible grounds occupied by the Grand 
Army, and in the very locations where some of our Posts are 
mostly benefited. If this course should be pursued in manj^ 
places it would be a great injur}' to our Posts. While the organ- 
ization lives up to the objects herein laid down, " to aid the 
members of the Grand Army of the Republic in caring for their 
helpless and disabled veterans, to extend aid and protection to 
their widows and orphans," it will ever have my hearty sym- 
pathy; but when it pushes itself to the front of the organization 
of its fathers, and attempts to cover the ground occupied by the 
Grand Armj' of the Republic for the past seventeen years, I can 
but feel that it is overstepping the object for which it was organ- 
ized. The Camps in connection with mau}'^ Posts have been 
highly commended to me, and I feel that it would be well for the 
present to leave the matter of the Sons of Veterans with the Post 
organizations. 



166 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REVIEW OF THE WORK. 

The year has been one of great activity throughout the 
Department, while the demands upon the time of the Commander 
have been far in excess of that of any previous j^ear. When I 
was elected your Commander, I said I would devote half my time 
to the work and the welfare of the organization and I find that 
I have far exceeded that limit. I have attended one hundred and 
forty-one Grand Army gatherings, represented the Department 
upon eleven other occasions, and have been present at the organ- 
ization of four new Posts, the last of which I organized, making 
in all one hundred and fifty-six occasions upon which I have 
been able to represent the Department. I represented the 
Department out of the State at Denver, Col., Weirs, N.H., and 
New York City upon the anniversary of Evacuation Day. I 
have visited every section of the State, and have met my com- 
rades in some manner from every Post of the Department. I 
have given particular attention to the western part of the State, 
and have visited different Posts in that section, where I could 
most conveniently get the comrades together, eleven times, and 
with good results, three Posts having been oiganized within a 
short time. I feel that the western part of the State is the 
recruiting ground for our organization in the future, there being- 
many places where Posts might be, established with everj'^ pros- 
pect of success. While these visitations have required continuous 
hard work, I am more than happy to be able to say that I made 
no engagement during the year that I did not fulfil. While the 
task at times was a hard one, my reception and treatment upon 
all occasions was such as to make me feel that I was doing a 
good work in thus meeting so many of my comrades, and relieved 
me of any weariness in the work. In all my labors in behalf of 
our organization — and I believe they have resulted in good — I 
have been encouraged by the evidences of satisfaction shown by 
the comrades upon meeting the Department Commander. I have 
been treated kindly, generously and courteously by all with 
whom I have come in contact. I have covered a great deal of 
territory, and travelled a great many miles to many different 
kinds of gatherings in the hope of benefiting a Post, and have 
found that in nearly all cases good has resulted. 

While I have been doing this work the members of the 
Department Staff have not been idle. Senior Vice-Commander 
Billings has represented the Department upon nearly every occa- 
sion when I was unable to attend, was with me upon several 
occasions, and has cheerfully performed any duty assigned to 
him. For his faithful and loyal support during the year I feel 
truly grateful. 

To the Council of Administration of the year 1883 a word of 
more than ordinary commendation is due. Of the fifteen mem- 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 167 

bers, fourteen have been present at every meeting. Of the five 
elective members, not one has been absent during the year. I 
believe this record surpasses that of any of its predecessors, and 
I thank them for the interest manifested at all times. 

Entering upon my duties with an Assistant Adjutant- 
General comparative!}' new to the business, and one with whom 
I had but little acquaintance, I naturally felt anxious about that 
otfice ; but that anxiety was soon dispelled, and if there is one 
thing more than another that I congratulate myself upon today 
it is the fact that I selected Alfred C. Monroe as Assistant 
Adjutant-General. When I perused the books of our Depart- 
ment during the past week and saw the neat, clean and handsome 
manner in which they had been kept, 1 felt that every comrade 
of the Department should see the work to appreciate it. His 
reports are always among the first to reacla National Head- 
quarters and never come back for corrections. His corre- 
spondence has always been speedily attended to and his work 
always cleared up during hours which should be his own. As a 
faithful, prompt and reliable officer I have highly appreciated 
him, and the successful management of the affairs of the Depart- 
ment during the year are in a great measure due to his efficiency 
as Assistant Adjutant-General. 

No one can realize the amount of work required in the 
Assistant Adjutant-General's office at the present time, and I 
would urgently recommend that two hundred dollars be appro- 
priated for additional clerical hire during the year, as in the past 
two years. 

The affairs of the Quartermaster's Department have been 
ably looked after by Asst. Q.M.-Gen. Charles O. Fellows, who 
has been Quartermaster not only in name but in reality. He has 
given time and attention to the duties of the office, and has been 
a most valuable member of my official staff. 

I cannot speak too highly of the services of the Department 
Inspector, Horace A. Sawyer, through whose care and watch- 
fulness over the aft'airs of his Department, ever}' Post has been 
inspected. He has organized most of the new Posts, and has 
devoted a great deal of time to the duties of his office. 

To Chief Mustering Offiicer A. M. Lunt, who assumed the 
duties of his office upon the retirement of Comrade Gibbs, I am 
under obligations for the faithful performance, not onl}' of the 
duties of that office, but of those which had already been assigned 
to him as an Aide-de-Camp. For the deep interest he has taken 
in some of the small Posts which were assigned to him, and 
which I am satisfied that he saved from dissolution, he has my 
warmest thanks. 

To every member of the Staff", whether official or per- 
sonal, 1 desire to express my heartfelt gratitude for their heart}' 
co-operation in everything that pertained to the welfare of our 



168 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

organization. I have ever found a ready and a cheerful com- 
pliance with any demand made upon my personal Staff, and I 
separate from them with the gratification of knowing that I 
selected as my Staff, workers in the cause of the Grand Army of 
the Eepublic. 

Outside of the Department officers, there is one to whom I 
feel greatly indebted for the active interest he has taken in the 
success of the Department during the year. While many have 
been willing to aid in the good work. Past Department Com- 
mander George H. Patch has kindly represented me on several 
occasions when the Staff" were all otherwise engaged, on one 
occasion going to the extreme western part of the State. I 
appreciated his services upon every occasion and am glad to 
puijlicly acknowledge them at this time. 

And now, comrades, that the work of the year has been 
done, and another will assume the duties, I desire to speak of a 
matter in connection with the Department officers. You are well 
aware that the calls for the Department Commander are very 
numerous, and that the demands upon his time are very great, 
and that in travelling over the State he must incur considerable 
expense. He is called upon to visit the small Posts as well as 
the large, and goes to many places where the Posts would never 
be benefited by his visits if compelled to pay his expenses, 
because many Posts are not in a condition to do so. He also 
attends camp-fires, fairs, etc., where Posts never think of paying 
his travelling expenses, though amply able to do so. Many com- 
rades think that the expenses of the Department officers are paid 
by headquarters. This is a mistake. No expenses, except for 
inspection and forming new Posts, are paid by the Department, 
and all the visitations made by the Commander and Staff during 
the past year, except those mentioned, have not cost the Depart- 
ment one cent. I speak of this matter plainly, believing it is 
the duty of some retiring Commander to do so ; and I would now 
urgently recommend that a sum, not exceeding say three hun- 
dred dollars, be appropriated by this Encampment to defray the 
actual travelling expenses of the Department Commander when 
attending " missionarj'" or other meetings, by which the Depart- 
ment is to be benefited. I would further recommend that the 
travelling expenses of the Commander and Assistant Adjutant- 
General, in attending the National Encampment, be paid by the 
Department. It is necessary that those officers should be present 
at the National Encampment, and we should pay their travelling 
expenses while we are able to do so. If some such course as this 
is not adopted the day is coming when but few men can afford to 
be Department Commanders ; but I hope the day will never 
come, comrades, when the choice of our Department Encamp- 
ment for Commander will have to decline because he is too poor 
to do the work necessary' for the position. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 1 G9 

The Department officers who will present their reports to 
you tonight have taken great pains in their preparation, and 
they are full of interest to every comrade who has at heart the 
interests of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

CONCLUSION. 

Comrades, when I accepted the high office to which I was 
chosen at the last annual Encampment, 1 was deeply sensible of 
the high honor then conferred, and promised that I would be 
faithful to the duties imposed upon me, trusting that I would not 
disappoint you or forfeit your regard and sympathy. While I 
have served you less efficiently than I wished, the evidence is 
before you today that I have endeavored to fulfil my promise. I 
assure you that I shall take my place in the ranks with as much 
pride as when assuming command of the Department, and shall, 
as a comrade, labor with the same zeal to promote and advance 
the cause so dear to us all. 

I earnestly appeal to ever}- comrade of this Encampment to 
give the new Commander his hearty and cordial support. Let us 
press forward in the good work, ever doing our utmost to bring 
into our ranks every worthy soldier and sailor who wore the blue. 
AYhile rejoicing that the influence and blessings of our beloved 
comradeship has been extended to so man}", I would fain hope 
that every soldier who stood side by side in the days of trial and 
danger might unite with us now in the perpetuation of those 
sacred associations under the banner of Fraternity, Charity and 
Loyalty. 

In conclusion, mj^ comrades, I thank you again and again for 
the honor conferred, for many marks of your confidence and 
esteem, and for your generous and hearty support, without which 
my efforts would Jiave been futile indeed. It has been my earnest 
endeavor to so conduct the affairs of the Department as to reflect 
credit upon us all, and while the labors of the year have been 
arduous at times, if I have conducted the affairs of our glorious 
Department to the satisfaction of my comrades, I am amply 
repaid for all that I have done. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL. 

Head(juarters Dept. of ]Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan. 20, 1884. 

Department Commayider and Comrades: In compliance with 
the Rules and Regulations of the Grand x\rmy of the Republic, I 
herewith submit my annual report, and as I have prepared several 
tabulated reports, I will not take up your valuable time by any 
preliminary remarks. 



170 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Nuiiiber of Posts, Dec. 31, 1882 . 148 

^ " Comrades reported same date 12,410 

" Posts, Dec. 31, 1883 160 

" Comrades reported same date 14,393 

Total gain during the year of 1,983 

The net gain, by quarters, is shown by the quarterly reports 
to be as follows, viz. : — 

First quarter, ending March 31 512 

Second quarter, ending June 30 849 

Third quarter, ending Sept. 30 331 

Fourth quarter, ending Dec. 31 291 

1,983 

RECAPITULATION. 

Number of comrades in good standing, Dec. 31, 1882 12,410 
'' " gained by muster- in . , . 2,372 

" " " transfer . . . 243 

" " " reinstatement . . 1,768 

Total number gained 4,383 

Aggregate 16,793 

Number of comrades lost by death 169 

" " " honorable discharge . 60 

" " transfer .... 289 

" " " suspension . . . 1,876 

" " " dishonorable discharge 6 

Total loss 2,400 

Excess of gains over losses 1,983 

Adding to this the number of charter members of 

the two Posts organized last week .... 81 

We have a gain of 2,064 

I herewith present a detailed report of the changes that have 
occurred in each Post the past year. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



171 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL, 
FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 31, 1883. 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman. 

Dahlgren 

W. H. Bartlctt 

U. S. Grant 

Gen. Lauiler 

P. T. VVyiiian 

Chas. Riissell Lowell 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

Geo. H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

C.C. Phillips 

John A. Andrew 

E. K Wilcox 

Gen. Sedgwick 

Col. Pi'escott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

II .S. Greenleaf 

Kriedrich Hecker.... 
Maj. E. F. Fletcher. . 

Jo:*. Hooker 

A . H. R. Sprague .... 

IT. II. Legg :.... 

Thos. G. Stevenson.. 

Charles Devens 

Ge.. I). AVells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo W. Perry 

Washington 

Burbank 

Phil. II. Sheridan.... 

Theo. Winthrop 

Francis fiould 

F. .\. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needhani 

Hiram G . Berry 

Lvon 

B: F. Butler 

John A. Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols... 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major Howe 

(ieo. S. Boutwell 

A.W. Bartlett 

Union. . . 

Ezra Batcheller. 

A. H. Randall 

C. H. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings. 

I. D. Panll 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Msij. .1. A. Pratt 





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■2 bo 

5.2 
z; 



172 

166 

161 

51 

835 

44 

218 

64 

74 

.518 

117 

187 

113 

30 

284 

408 

58 

34 

215 

25 

64 

98 

99 

53 

30 

lis 

47 

38 

88 

173 

59 

71 

61 

200 

409 

47 

108 

39 

321 

100 

144 

297 

128 

33 

129 

190 

213 

31 

243 

135 

as 

55 
104 
22 
10 
91 
131 
269 
■24 



172 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ASST. ADJT.- GENERAL— Co?t(iH?<ed. 



Name of Post. 



Franklin 

Gen. Ijyon 

Chas. Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 

Jos. P. Kice 

Geo. A Cnsier 

Kilpatrick 

A.St. John Clianibre.. 

JfcPherson 

Hartsuft" 

J. P. Gould 

CoUingwood 

Theroh E. Hall 

David Russell 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Artbuf G. Briscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

J. 10. Wilder 

M. K. Stowell 

J. W. hawton 

W. L. Baker 

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer. 

Paul Kevere 

J. H. Chipman 

Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn 

Ozro Miller 

Hevere 

E. W. Hinks 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. Grigjja 

Hei)ry F. IJrvant 

W. F Bartlett 

Willaiu I?. Gieeno. ... 

Charles .Sumner 

H. v. Walcott 

Otis Chapman 

Edwin Humphrey 

J. <lrson Fiske 

O. W. Wallace 

S L. INlnrrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson " 

Cai)t. Horace Niles 

J. E. Simmons 

D.AVillard Robinson... 

E. W. Kins'ey 

Col. C. R. Mudge 

E.S.Clark 

r). G. Farragut 

Mosesi Ellis 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade.. . . . 
James A. Garfield 





bfl 




GAIN 








LOSS 










5 

a 






4^ 






s 






5 






C 

d 


4^ 

o O 

11 




2 


1 

G 

"53 


a 
'ci 

O 

"ci 

o 


4J 

oi 




01 

1 
o <c 




a 


3 

.So 


to 
to 

o 

hJ 

B 

1 o 


5^ 

2 TO 

0) to 

■« o 


A 


'A 


c; 


P; 


e 


H 


K 


m 


« 


K 


M 


frH 


K 


GO 


46 


11 






11 


1 




1 






2 


55 


(11 


87 


5 




7 


12 


1 


1 


3 


4 




9 


90 


(v2 


104 


9 


1 


1 


11 








?<) 




?9 


K6 


fi;i 


68 


32 




10 


44 


1 




1 


3 




5 


107 


Ci 

66 
67 


68 
41 
93 
37 


16 
5 
3 

2 


1 


3 


24 
8 
3 
6 






1 
1 


5 

1 
6 




6 

9 
3 


86 






47 


3 

1 




87 




4 




2 


40 


6S 


168 


59 


9 


15 


83 


1 


2 




14 




17 


229 


69 
70 


28 
51 


uV 


2 


1 
13 


3 
32 






1 
11 


io 




1 

24 


30 


2 


1 


59 


71 


84 


15 


1 


8 


24 


1 


1 


3 


7 




12 


96 


72 

7S 


50 
100 


8 
? 


1 
1 


5 
3 


14 
6 






2 


11 

4 




13 
6 


51 






100 


74 


102 


2 




4 


6 




1 


1 


5 




7 


101 


75 


103 


5 


2 


(i 


13 




2 




17 




19 


91 


76 


87 


18 


5 




23 


2 




1 


3 




6 


IM) 


7S 


24 
108 






















?1 


8 


6 


9 


23 


1 




2 


15 




18 


113 


79 
hO 
SI 


53 
70 
4-? 


21 
15 


2 
4 


10 


33 
19 
13 








14 
2 
17 




14 

2 
17 


7'^ 








■ 87 








38 


82 


142 


24 




15 


39 


2 




1 


11 




14 


167 


SH 


34 






4 


4 


2 






7 




9 


2'.) 


S4 


20 


9 


i 


5 


15 


2 




2 


2 




6 


29 


8.5 
86 

S7 


34 
46 
34 










1 


1 


1 






2 

i 

?, 


3'> 


61 
15 


3 
1 


ii 


64 

9- 


in<) 


•> 






59 


88 


65 


15 


2 


9 


26 


2 


1 




5 




6 


85 


89 


160 


15 


3 


58 


76 


4 


3 


2 


54 




63 


173 


90 


99 


27 


3 


20 


50 


2 


1 


3 


12 




18 


131 


91 


32 


4 


2 


1 


7 




3 




7 




10 


29 


92 
93 


49 

48 


10 






2 
11 














51 




1 


1 






2 




3 


56 


94 


63 


6 






6 


2 




1 






3 


66 


95 
96 


24 
24 


15 
3 


1 
1 


11 

1 


27 
5 






3 

1 


5 




8 


43 




1 




97 
98 
99 
100 
101 
102 


55 

"58 
67 
48 


5 

27 
1 
9 






5 
28 

1 

16 
20 

4 


1 


4 


1 


4 




10 


50 


1 




•>8 


1 
3 


3 


1 


li" 

28 
5 




5 
14 

28 
8 


54 


1 


6 
20 




69 






40 


56 


o 




1 




2 


51 


103 


56 


8 






18 


1 




3 


10 




14 


60 


104 


64 


3 






5 






5 






5 


64 


105 


38 


1 






2 






1 


2 




3 


37 


106 


42 


11 






11 




1 


2 






3 


50 


lOV 
108 
109 


40 
42 

IS 


8 
4 
1 






8 
35 

18 








2 
33 

1 




2 
34 
4 


46 




31 






1 
3 


43 






32 


110 
111 
112 


46 
39 

28 


2 






3 
1 

3 


1 






3 
2 

3 




4 
2 
4 


45 






^8 


2 








1 


27 


113 


76 


8 


2 




11 


1 




2 


3 




6 


81 


114 


.50 


11 


1 




14 


1 




•? 


4 




7 


57 


115 
116 


41 
47 






















41 


5 


o 


34 


41 




1 




32 




33 


55 


117 

118 


20 
37 


T 


2 


"s 


4 

4 














•'4 






3 


1 




4 


37 


119 
120 


22 
142 


6 

47 


4 

8 


2 


12 

55 








1 
1 




1 
5 


SS 


3 




1 


192 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPJIENT. 



173 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ASST. A DJT.- GENERAL — Co;i<;«?(efZ. 







a 

'•3 

a 

c 5 




GAIN 




LOSS 




Kame of Post. 


p 

o 

6 


a 

o 

m 
13 


CM 

a 


4J 

a 

a 
B 

C 

'S 


a 
a 


H 


By Death 

By Honorable Dis- 
charge 




S 

3 


i5 

s 

si 

3 


00 

3 

c 

9 
5 
5 


n 


Timothy Ingraham 

E. P. Wallace 


121 
12-2 
123 
124 
125 
126 
127 
128 
129 
130 
131 
132 
133 
134 
135 
136 
137 
138 
139 
140 
141 
142 
143 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 
149 
150 
151 
152 
153 


125 
45 
68 
19 
72 
38 
29 
51 
27 
22 
49 
23 
30 
34 
18 
15 
44 
44 
82 
72 
41 
47 
45 
57 
94 
19 
54 
25 
41 

"ia 


14 
7 

13 
2 

47 

14 


1 
1 


3 
3 
1 


18 

11 

14 

2 

48 
25 
14 
22 






2 

1 
3 


7 
4 
2 


134 
51 

77 
21 




W. W. Rockwell 


1 

3 


14 


3 








3 
5 


117 


George E. Sayles 

T. L. Boiiney 

Gen. James Appleton 






4 
6 




58 
36 


21 


1 








73 




















James M. Sargent 


11 


3 1 7 


21 

2 
14 
7 
8 
5 
10 


1 






12 
2 




13 

2 


30 


George H. Thomas 




2 






49 


Charles Chipman 

George 11. Maintien 


14 

6 
3 

1 
8 










37 


::::!"i' 








3 

3 




4 
5 


33 


Robert A. Bell 


2 
1 


5 

2 

1 


2 




37 


B. A . Andrews 


George C. Marshall 








2 

2 




2 
2 
1 

49 
5 
4 

16 
2 
6 
3 
1 
6 


23 


Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis 








42 


6 
6 
7 
3 
1 
15 
11 


5 
1 
1 


"i.V 
'3 


12 
22 

7 
7 
6 
1 
17 
13 


1 
2 
1 
3 
2 
2 

1 

1 






55 


Willard C. Kinsley 

HubbardV. Smith 






46 
3 

"7' 





55 
74 
44 




37 
44 

68 
104 


C. L. Chandler 


1 1 


Charles \V" Carrol 1 




2 

2 




Robert G. Shaw 




1 


1" 


E. M Stanton 


29 
3 
5 

38 

'44' 
51 

29 
48 
32 
25 
26 
15 
25 


1 


"2' 


30 
3 

7 








78 
'>8 












i 3 




4 


44 








39 
19 






3 


3 












"i' 
2 


C. H. P. Sargent 








"'i' 


43 




3 

1 
1 








52 




1.54 .... 
1551 ... 

156 .... 

157 .... 

158 - - - 










30 


Marcus Keep. 














49 














32 


Elbvidn-e B. Piper 


2 














27 


E. T. Dresser 








1 






26 


John A. Hawes 


159 
160 


64 


i 




15 












79 








. 






26 






I"" 


1 









174 . HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Of the 160 Posts comprisiDg the Department, 125 have gained 
in membership, 7 have the same number as one year ago, and 28 
Jiave lost in number. 

The Post making the largest per cent in gain is Ericsson 
Post No. 109 of East Templeton. 

One hundred and sixty-nine comrades have died during the 
year, an excess over last year of twenty-four, reminding us that, 
as the 3'ears roll by, our ranks are being thinned, and the time 
is not far distant when the death rate will exceed the gain. It 
seems fitting that a roll should be prepared each year of the 
comrades who have been mustered out by death, and I would 
recommend that a memorial page for members of the Department 
Encampment, and one or more for comrades of Posts, be inserted 
in the printed proceedings. I would also suggest to Commanders 
of Posts to instruct their Adjutants, in making out their quarterly 
reports to Department Headquarters, to insert, under the name 
of each comrade lost during the quarter by death, his company, 
regiment or ship, as I feel we owe this slight tribute to their 
memory. 

The increased expenditure for charity also reminds us that, 
as our comrades grow older, they become less able to care for 
themselves, and the demands upon our Relief Funds will be 
greater. It is well for us now, in the time of our prosperity and 
strength, to add to these funds by every available and honorable 
means. 

While the large amount expended for the relief of our dis- 
tressed comrades and their families indicates suffering and want, 
it is gratifying to know that it is promptly relieved, and that the 
charity of the Grand Army of the Republic is not a mere pro- 
fession, but a practice. 

Two Posts have not sent in theii- reports for the fourth 
quarter; basing their number, in good standing, the same as 
reported for third quarter, the membership of the Department 
would be today 14,505. 

Number of rejections during the year, 78. 

POSTS. 

Fourteen new Posts have been mustered during the year, as 
follows, viz. : — 

Henry Bryant Post No. 98 of Cohasset; mustered Jan. 12, 
1883; charter members, 27. Armstrong Post No. 150 of Mon- 
tague; mustered Jan. 12. 1883; charter members, 39. O. H. P. 
Sargent Post No. 152 of Essex; mustered Jan. 22, 1883; char- 
ter members, 44. Oilman C. Parker Post No. 153 of Winchen- 
don ; mustered March 6, 1883; charter members, 51. Wm. H. 
Freeman Post No. 129 of Millville ; mustered April 25, 1883; 
charter members, 27. Martha Sever Post No. 154 of Kingston; 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 175 

mustered May 24, 1883; charter members, 29. Marcus Keep 
Post No. 155 of Monson ; mustered May 26, 1883 ; charter mem- 
bers, 48. Jas. A. Perkins Post No. 156 of Everett ; mustered 
June 14, 1883; charter members, 32. Elbridge B. Piper Post 
No. 157 of Walpole ; mustered July 21, 18<S3 ; charter members, 
25. Capt. E. T. Dresser Post No. 158 of Housatonic; mus- 
tered Aug. 23, 1883; charter members, 26. John A. Hawes 
Post No. 159 of East Boston; mustered Sept. 7, 1883; charter 
members, 64 ; Alanson Hamilton Post No. 160 of W. Brookfield ; 
mustered Sept. 18, 1883 ; charter members, 25. Woburn Post 
No. 161 of Woburn ; mustered Jan. 23, 1884; charter members, 
45. Manton E. Taft Post No. 162 of Turner's Falls; mustered 
Jan. 25, 1884 ; charter members, 36. 

Ten of these, with a charter membership of 408, have been 
mustered in during jonv administration. Posts 98, 150 and 152 
were mustered in during the administration of Past Department 
Commander Patch. These Posts are, with one exception, reported 
in good condition. 

The gain of Posts, by counties, is as follows: — Berkshire, 
one; Essex, one; Franklin, two; Hampden, one; Middlesex, 
two; Norfolk, two; Plj^mouth, one; Suffolk, one; "Worcester, 
three. 

I herewith present a tabulated report, giving in detail the 
strength of each county, number of each Post, and number of 
members, with date of charter : — 



176 



HISTORY r>EPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES. 



BERKSHmE COUNTY. 







No. Date of 




Post 




Mems. Chartei 




79, 


North Adams, 


72, Mar. 20, 


1869 


125, 


Pittsfleld, 


120, Mar. 10, 


18S2 


120, 


Adams, 


01, June 12, 


1870 


15S, 


Housatonic, 


26, Aug. 2.3, 


1883 




Total — Posts, 4 


members, 28."). 






BRISTOL 


COUNTY. 





1, New Bedford, 

3, Taunton, 
46, Fall River, 
52, South Easton, 
55, Taunton, 

145, Attleboro, 

146, New Bedford, 
Total — Posts, 7 



178, Oct. 14, 1860 

161, Jan. 2, 1867 

190, Jan. 22, 1868 

55, Feb. 29, 1868 

10, Feb. 5, 1872 

104, June 6, 1871 

18, April 27, 1881 

members, 716. 



HAMl'DEN COUNTY. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



5, 
34, 
39, 
45, 
47, 
49, 
50, 
67, 
82, 
89, 
90, 
95, 
99, 
100, 
101, 
106, 
108, 
114, 
118, 
122. 
128, 
151, 
152, 



Lynn, 
Salem, 
Lawrence, 
Gloucester, 
Haverhill, 
Newburyport, 
Peabody, 
Manchester, 
Marblehead, 
Beverly, 
Dauvers, 
Saugus, 
Andover, 
Methuen, 
Groveland, 
Rockport, 
Georgetown, 
Merrimac, 
Swampscott, 
Amesbury, 
Ipswich, 
West Newbury, 
Essex, 
Total — Posts, 23 



835, Feb. 
200, Nov. 
321, Dec. 
129, Jan. 
213, Jan. 
243, Feb. 
135, April 

40, Sept. 
167, Mar. 
173, June 
131, June 

43, June 

54, April 

69, Feb. 

40, July 

51, Dec. 

43, Aug. 

57, Dec. 

37, Jan. 

.■il. Mar. 

76, Jan. 

lit, Jan. 

43, Jan. 
; members, 



27, 1867 
15, 1867 
10, 1867 
21, 1880 

28, 1S68 

17, 1868 

28, 1879 

29, 1868 

29, 1880 
5, 1869 
8, 1869 
4, 1869 

18, 1881 
1, 1877 

16, 1869 

30, 1881 
18, 1869 
20, 1869 
24, 1870 
23, 1870 

17, 1882 
10, 1874 
22, 1883 

3,169. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



17, Orange, 
20, Colerain, 
84, South Deerfleld, 
93, Shelburne Falls, 
150, Montague, 



Aug. 9, 1867 
March 4, 1875 
April 17, 1872 
June 15, 1869 
Jan. 12, 1883 



Post. 

16, Springfield, 
41, Westfield, 
71, Holyoke, 
103, Chicopee, 
107, Palmer, 
155, Monson, 



No. 
Mems. 

408, 

144, 

96, 

60, 

46, 

49, 



Ch 



Aug. 
Jan. 
Nov. 
Oct. 
July 
May 



Date of 
■tc-r. 

9, 1867 

9, 1868 

25, 1868 
27, 1879 
18, 1881 

26, 1883 



Total — Posts, 6; members, 803. 



H.\MPSHIRE COUNTY. 

85, Ware, 32, May 12„1S69 

86, Northampton, 109, Aug. 4, 1882 
97, Belchertowu, 50, Nov. 23, 1872 

147, Amherst, 78, Oct. 31, 1882 

Total — Posts, 4 ; members, 269. 



MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 



Total — Posts, 5 ; members, 20'i 



4, Melrose, 

6, Holliston, 

9, Hudson, 
12, Wakefield, 
14, Hopkinton, 
18, Ashland, 

29, Waltham, 

30, Cambridge, 
33, Woburn, 
36, Arlington, 
40, Maiden, 

42, Lowell, 

43, Marlboro, 
48, Ayer, 

56, Cambridge, 

57, E. Cambridge: 

62, Newton, 

63, Natick, 
66, Medford, 
75, Stonebam, 
81, Watertown, 

115, Groton, 

119, Lexington, 

120, Lowell, 

138, Acton, 

139, Somerville, 
142, Framingham, 
148, Winchester, 
156, Everett, 

Total — I'osts, 



51, Feb. 

44, March 

74, May 

187, Aug. 

30, July, 

34, Aug. 

88, Oct. 

173, Oct. 

01, Nov. 

47, May 

100, Oct. 

297, Jan. 

128, Jan. 

31, Jan. 

91, June 

131, June 

86, July 
107, July 

87, Aug. 
91, Dec. 
38, Dec. 
41, July 
33, 

192, Oct. 
56, May 
.55, A ug. 
37, Nov. 
28, May 
32, June 
29; members. 



19, 1867 
8, 1867 
27, 1867 
16, 1867 
1882 
12, 1867 
21, 1867 
23, 1867 

6, 1867 
26, 1881 

1, 1873 
15, 1868 
15, 1868 
18, 1868 
26, 1868 

29, 1868 
21, 1868 
23, 1880 
21, 1868 
15, 1809 
20, 1871 

30, 1874 

26, 1881 
2, 1883 
18, 1870 
29, 1870 
22, 1872 
14, 1883 
2,470. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



177 



TABULATED REPORT BY COV^TIES— Continued. 





NORFOLK 


COUNTY. 






Post 


No. 


Date 


f 


















Jlems 


Charter. 






No. 


DatP nf 














Pos 


. 


Memt 


Cb 


arte 


!■■ 


92 


, Brighton, 


51, 


Nov. 


12 


1873 


58, 


Weymouth, 


209, 


July 


2 


18C8 


113 


Boston, 


81, 


Dec. 


18 


1869 


GO, 


Franklin, 


.15, 


May 


16 


1881 


134 


Boston, 


37, 


June 


29 


1870 


1^-. 


Stoughton, 


51, 


Nov. 


13 


1868 


149 


Charlestown, 


44, 


Dec. 


11 


1872 


ST, 


Braintree, 


59, 


June 


2 


1869 


159 


East Boston, 


79, 


Sept. 


7 


1883 


ss. 


Quincy, 


85, 


June 


4 


1869 




Total — Posts, 15 


members, 2,06 


'. 


91, 


Foxboro, 


29, 


June 


12 


1869 














94, 


Canton, 


60, 


June 


24 


1869 




WORCESTER COUNTY. 






98, 


Cohasset, 


28, 


Jan. 


12 


1883 


10 


Worcester, 


518, 


April 


13 


1867 


102, 


Milton, 


51, 


April 


3 


1879 


19 


Fltchburg, 


215, 


Aug. 


16 


1867 


110, 


Randolph, 


45, 


Oct. 


29 


1869 


22 


Milford, 


98, 


Sept. 


19 


1867 


117, 


Medlield, 


-'^, 


Jan. 


3 


1870 


24 


Grafton, 


53, 


Sept. 


25 


1867 


121, 


Hyde Park, 


131, 


Mar. 


22 


1870 


25 


Uxbridge, 


30, 


Sept. 


30 


1867 


130, 


Med way, 


30, 


Mar. 


18 


1882 


27 


Oxford, 


i'. 


Nov. 


12 


1870 


133, 


Plainville, 


33, 


May 


23 


1882 


28 


West Boylston, 


38, 


Oct. 


12 


1867 


143, 


Brookline, 


44, 


Jan. 


24 


1871 


37 


Spencer, 


108, 


Nov. 


20 


1867 


144, 


Dedham, 


08, 


May 


22 


1871 


38 


Brookfield, 


39, 


Nov. 


27 


1867 


157, 


"Walpole, 


27 


July 


21 


1883 


44 


Southboro, 


33, 


May 


17 


1878 




Total— Posts, 17 


; members. 


l,0t 


"• 


51 


N. Brooktleld, 


63, 


Feb. 


28 


1S6S 














53 


Leominster, 


104, 


June 


13 


1868 




PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 






54 


Berlin, 


22 


June 




ISGS 


S, 


Middleboro, 


64, 


Mar. 


10 


1867 


59 


Sterling, 


24, 


July 


3 


1868 


13, 


Brockton, 


113, 


July 


1 


1867 


61 


Webster, 


90, 


July 


21 


1868 


31, 


Scituate, 


59, 


July 


15 


1875 


64 


Clinton, 


86, 


Aug. 


17 


1868 


73, 


Abington, 


100, 


Dec. 


23 


1868 


65 


Warren, 


47, 


Aug. 


21 


1868 


"4, 


Rockland, 


101, 


Jan. 


11 


1869 


69 


Westminster, 


30, 


Nov. 


9 


1866 


76, 


Plymouth, 


110, 


Jan. 


19 


1869 


70 


Millbury, 


.59, 


Aug. 


3 


1876 


. 'S, 


So. Abington, 


113, 


Jan. 


30 


1869 


77 


Holden, 


-24, 


Jan. 


19 


1869 


S3, 


Hanover, 


31, 


April 


29 


1869 


80 


Westboro, 


87, 


June 


IS 


1881 


104, 


Hiugham, 


04, 


July 


29 


1869 


96 


Northboro, 


27, 


June 


28 


1869 


111, 


Pembroke, 


38, 


Oct. 


29 


1S69 


105 


Upton, 


37, 


July 


15 


1881 


112, 


South Scituate, 


27, 


Nov. 


1 


1869 


109 


Templeton, 


32, 


Oct. 


11 


1869 


124, 


E. Bridgewater 


20, 


June 


7 


1870 


116 


Gardner, 


55, 


Dec. 


30 


1869 


127, 


Hanson, 


29, 


June 


11 


1870 


123 


Athol, 


77. 


June 


1 


1870 


154, 


Kingston, 


30, 


Jlay 


24 


1883 


129 


Millville, 


27 


April 


25 


1883 




Total — Posts, 14 


members. 


899 




131 


Leicester, 


49, 


June 


21 


1870 














135 


Shrewsbury, 


23, 


Dec. 


30 


1873 




SUFFOLK 


COUNTY. 






136 


Rutland, 


23, 


July 


1 


1870 


._>_ 


South Boston, 


166, 


Feb. 


26 


1880 


137 


East Douglas, 


42, 


Sept. 


21 


1882 


■;[ 


Boston, 


218, 


Mar. 


11 


1867 


140 


Athol, 


77 


Feb. 


22 


1881 


11, 


Charlestown, 


117, 


April 


23 


1867 


153 


Winchendon, 


50, 


Mar. 


6 


1883 


15, 


Boston, 


284, 


Aug. 


6 


1867 


160 


W. Brookfield, 


26, 


Sept. 


18 


1883 


•-'1, 


Boston, 


64, 


Feb. 


22 


1881 




Total — Posts, 34 


; members, 


2,3" 


0. 


23, 


East Boston, 


99, 


Sept. 


17 


1807 














26, 


Roxliury, 


118, 


Oct. 


1 


1867 




BARNSTABLE COUNTY 






32, 


South Boston, 


Tl, 


Nov. 


6 


1867 


132 


Sandwich, 


37, 


Feb. 


24 


1882 


35, 


Chelsea, 


409, 


Nov. 


16 


1867 


141 


Harwich, 


44, 


Mar. 


15 


1882 


68, 


Dorchester, 


229, 


Oct. 


8 


1868 




Total — Posts, 2 


; members, 


81. 





12 



178 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORTS. 

In General Orders, No. 7, I called the attention of Post 
Commanders to the necessity of carefully examining the reports 
of the Adjutant and Quartermaster before forwarding them to 
Department Headquarters, as much valuable time is lost in being 
obliged to return them for correction. I am happy to say great 
improvement has been made in this respect, as I have had very 
.few reports to return the last quarter, and I trust the newly 
elected Commanders will give this matter their attention, and 
would suggest that Adjutants of Posts require their Sergeant- 
Majors to take charge of all applications for membership after 
they have been acted upon, and on the night the applicants are 
mustered, he make the proper entry in the descriptive book, also 
enter them on the blank for quarterly report, so that when the 
last meeting in the quarter has closed, the recapitulation can be 
made, and reports forwarded without delay. 

HEADQUARTERS. 

The work devolving upon the Assistant Adjutant-General of 
a Department as large and well conducted as ours is much greater 
than most comrades realize ; the addition of new Posts and the 
many changes made by the election of new Post Commanders 
each year necessarily increases it. Many questions arise, new, 
no doubt, to those who send them to headquarters for answer, 
yet in almost every case these questions are answered in the Rules 
and Regulations or the Manual. Many calls are made upon him 
to attend camp-tires or open fairs, which would afford him much 
pleasure, but he is obliged to decline. From my one year's expe- 
rience, I assure you the Assistant Adjutant-General, in order to 
properly discharge his duties, requires all his time, for the work 
at headquarters should not be slighted or allowed to accumulate. 
The amount of business transacted has averaged with past j'ears. 
The correspondence has been somewhat larger, and to conduct 
this correspondence has required 2,500 letterheads, 2,100 postal 
cards and $113 worth of postage stamps. All letters received 
have been filed, numbered and indexed. There have been issued 
during the year thirteen General Orders, 126 Special Orders and 
six circulars. 

To Comrade Fellows, the Assistant Quartermaster-General, 
I am greatly indebted for valuable suggestions. From the day of 
his appointment, he has been almost a daily visitor in the office, 
discharging his duties in an intelligent and cheerful manner, 
thereby greatly assisting me in my labors. I trust the friendship 
formed in our official life will continue to the end of time. In 
closing, I return my thanks to the officers of Posts and comrades 
for the courfesy they have shown me in my official relations with 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 179 

them, and to the Department Commander and the members of his 
Staff for the assistance given me in the discharge of my duties. 
I cannot close, Commander, without publicly thanking you for 
your uniform and unselfish kindness during the past year. Your 
cheerful compliance in filling all the engagements I have made 
for you gave testimony not only of your interest in my work, but 
proved your devotion to our Order. I thank you for the confi- 
dence reposed in me, and trust our friendship will be lasting, and 
that your life-work may be as successful as your G.A.R. woi'k 
has been the past year. 

I have the honor to be yours in F., C. and L., 

A. C. MONROE, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

The Assistant Adjutant General read the following tele- 
gram : — 

Trentox, N.J., Jan. 30, 1884. 

George S. Evans, Commander Dept. of Jla-^s. G.A.B., 
Boston. 
New Jersey sends greetuig to Grand Army comrades of your State 

GEO B FIELDER, 

Commander Department Xeic Jersey. 

The following letter was received shortly after the Conven- 
tion of 1883, in response to a communication from Past Depart- 
ment Commander Geo. H. Patch : — 

Helena, Mont , Feb. 2, 1883. 

Geo. S. Evans, Esq., Commander Dept. Mass., G.A.B. 

31>j Dear Department Commander : With my cordial and sincere con- 
gratulations upon your flattering election as Commander of our Depart- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic, I beg leave to thank, through 
you, my friends and comrades, delegates of the late brilliant Encamp- 
ment, for the very kind sentiments expressed in the resolutions proposed 
by the retiring Commander and unanimously adopted. 

Sincerely, gratefully, tenderly, I reciprocate their good Avishes; and 
I shall never forget that we, soldiers, are bouud together by the strong- 
est ties that exist among men. 

Faithfully yours in F., C. and L., 

HORACE BINNEY SARGENT, 

Past Department Commander. 



1,021 


33 


1,070 


70 


1,117 


84 


541 


17 


1,856 


65 


143 


07 



180 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



KEPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1884. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Comrade : In compliance with the requirements of our Order 
I herewith submit my report of the doings of the Assistant 
Quartermaster-General's Department from Feb. 1, 1883, to 
Jan. 30, 1884 : — 

receipts. 

1883. Dr. 

Cash on hand as per last report $683 71 

Received for dues first quarter, 1883 " 

" " second quarter, 1883 . 

" " third quarter, 1883 . . 

" fourth quarter, 1883 . . 

" " books and blanks .... 

" " badges 

" " sundries 

Total receipts $6,434 47 

EXPENDITURES. 

Paid National Headquarters, supplies .... $1,520 75 

" " dues 404 43 

rent and care of office 404 30 

salaries 1.148 82 

inspection expenses 

printing 

sundries (postage stamps and cards, tele- 
grams, express and office expenses) 

organizing new Posts 

testimonial to Commander Meech .... 
fitting up Department Headquarters . . . 

Total expenditures 

Balance to new account 

Vouchers cover the expenses. 

Supplementary Report from Jan. 1 to Jan. 30, 1884. 

receipts. 

1884. Dr. 

Cash on hand as per last report $1,359 69 

Received for dues 1,149 76 

" " books and blanlvs 83 51 

" badges 174 60 

" " sundries 30 60 

Total receipts $2,798 16 

Carried forward $2,798 16 



104 


85 






677 


75 






464 


46 






15 


33 






75 


00 






259 


09 


$5,074 








78 




$1,359 


69 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 181 

Brought forward $2,798 IG 

EXPENDITURES. 

Paid National Headquarters, supplies .... $160 10 

" " " dues Uo 98 

" rent and care of office 103 OS 

" salaries 151 ig 

" inspection expenses 312 7-1 

" printing 71 44 

" sundries 41 20 

" stove, etc., for headquarters 37 50 

" organizing new Posts 24 63 

Total expenditures $1,053 85 

Balance to ncAv account $1,741 31 

ASSETS. 

Cash on hand $1,744 31 

Value of supplies on hand 382 18 

Due from Posts for supplies sent C.O.D. ... 54 10 

Office furniture 400 00 

Colors 30 00 

Total assets $2,610 59 

AND NO LIABILITIES. 

The financial condition of the Department is more satisfac- 
tory than it has been for several j-ears, owing largely to the 
system, established two years ago, requiring supplies to Posts to 
be paid for on delivery, and the Posts being more prompt in their 
remittance of dues. For several years prior to 1881 the Depart- 
ment was in debt, owing to the delinquency in the payment for 
supplies and dues by Posts. The present condition of our finan- 
cial affairs is certainly most gratifying. 

The present headquarters of this Department is better 
adapted for the purpose than any before used by this Depart- 
ment. Easy of access and centrally located near cars running to 
every railroad depot, its convenience is appreciated by all com- 
rades. 

I take this opportunity to sincerely thank the Assistant 
Adjutant-General for the able assistance and courteous treatment 
I have always received at his hands, also, to all other comrades 
with whom I have come in contact. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L., 

C. 0. FELLOWS, 
Assistant Quartermaster -General . 

The following table shows supplies furnished by Department 
Headquarters : — 



182 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



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EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 183 



EEPORT OF INSPECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1883. 

Alfred C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : I have the honor herewith to submit the report iu 
duplicate of the inspection of the Posts of this Department for 
the year ending Sept. 30, 1883. 

The Department at this time numbers 160 Posts. New Posts 
have been organized during the year as follows: 98, Cohasset ; 
150, Montague; 152, Essex; 153, Winchendon ; 129, Millville ; 
154, Kingston; 155, Monson ; 156, Everett; 157, Walpole ; 
158, Housatonic; 159, East Boston ; 160, West Brookfield. 

Of the 160 Posts in the Department it is a pleasure for me 
to report that ail have been inspected. 

The 160 Posts inspected report 13,896 comrades in good 
standing, a gain of 1,608 over the Inspector's report of last year. 

Two Posts number over 500 comrades ; Post 5 of Lynn, 830 ; 
Post 10 of Worcester, 511 ; one Post numbers over 400 ; Post 35 
of Chelsea, 402 ; two Posts number between 300 and 400 ; Post 16 
of Springfield, 394 ; Post 39 of Lawrence, 320 ; ten Posts num- 
ber between 200 and 300, namely: Posts 7 and 15 of Boston, 19 
of Fitchburg, 34 of Salem, 42 of Lowell, 47 of Haverhill, 49 of 
Newburyport, 58 of Weymouth, and 68 of Dorchester; nine 
Posts number between 150 and 200; twenty Posts number 
between 100 and 150; nineteen Posts number between 75 and 
100; twenty-nine Posts number between 50 and 75; fifty-eight 
Posts number between 25 and 50 ; eight Posts number between 
20 and 25 ; two Posts are reported with less than 20 comrades. 

Forty-six Posts are reported iu excellent condition, 78 in 
good condition, 26 in fair condition, and 9 iu poor condition. 

One hundred and thirty-three Posts report 992 muskets owned 
by them; 26 report having no muskets. 

The work of the Ritual is committed to memory or 

properly performed in . . 92 Posts 

The officers and guards are uniformed and equipped iu 113 " 

Comrades are uniformed and equipped in .... 88 " 

Officers are regular in attendance in 146 " 

Comrades are regular iu attendance in 127 " 

They exhil)it an interest in the Post in 142 " 

The records are complete and well kept in . . . .154 " 

Orders are received and regularly read iu .... 158 " 

They are duly obeyed in 158 " 

Orders from "headquarters are missing iu .... 8 " 

All reports and dues have been forwarded from . .159 " 



184 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman. 

Dahlgren 

vv. H. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lander 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell, 

E. W. Peirce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

C. C. Phillips 

John A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. Green leaf 

Friedrich Hecker 

Maj. E. F. Fletcher.. 

Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague.. .. 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson . . 

Chas. Devens 

Geo. D. Wells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo. W. Perry 

Washinston 

Burbank 

Phil. n. Sheridan..., 
Theodore Winthrop. 

Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Hiram G. Berry 

Lvon 

B^ F. Butler 

I John A. Rawlins 

G.Wesley Nichols... 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major Howe 

Geo. S. Bo\itwell 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union 

Ez!-a Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Chas. H. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings 

I. D. Paull 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Maj. J. A. Pratt 

Franklin 





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EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



185 



Massachusetts G.A.R,, for Year Ending Sept. 30, 1883. 



^ IS! 



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186 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 





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116 


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Name of Post. 



Nathaniel Lyon 

Chas. Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. 1). Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 

J.P.Rice 

Geo. A. Custer 

Kilpatrlck 

A. St. John Chambre. 

McPherson 

Hartsuif 

J.P.Gould 

Collingwood 

Theron E.Hall 

David A. Russell 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

W. L. Baker 

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer 

Paul Revere 

J. \V. Chipman, Jr — 

Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn — 

Ozro Miller 

Rgvctg 

Gen. E. W. Hincks.... 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. Griggs 

Heiirv F. Brvant 

W. ¥'. Bartlett 

William B. Greene 

Charles Sumner 

H. F. Wolcott 

Otis Chapman 

Edwin Humphrey 

J. Orson Fisk 

O.W.Wallace 

S. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson 

Capt. Horace Niles — 
J. E. Simmons 

D. Willard Robinson.. 

E. W. Kinsley 

Col. C. R. Mudge 

E. S. Clark 

D. G. Fan-agut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade 

James A. Garfield 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



187 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, isss — Continued. 



























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70 17 


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580 94 


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224 00 


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145 40 


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305 00 


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287 00 


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1,400 00 


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1,054 76 


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130 60 


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101 75 


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No 
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64 69 


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68 65 


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3,656 40 


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23 00 


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134 25 


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416 00 


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675 00 


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$ 76 06 

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Excellent 
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Fair 
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188 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 







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116 


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E P W allace 


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123 
124 


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6 
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Justin Dimick 


W. VV Rockwell 


125 
126 
127 


125 
61 
37 


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36 
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T. L. Bouney 


Gen. James A ppleton 


l'_'S 


74 


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No 


None 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


William H. Freeman 


129 


41 


No 


No 


No 


None 


No 


No 


No 


No 




130 


''1 


Yes 

Yes 


No 

* 


No 


None 

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Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
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Yes 
Yes 


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George H. Thomas 


131 49 


Charles Chipman . . . , 


132 


35 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


None 


Yes 


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Yes 


Yes 


George H. ^faintieu 


133 


34 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Robert A Bell 


134 
135 
136 


38 
23 
25 


No 
No 
No 


No 
No 
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No 
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4 
None 
None 


No 
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Yes 


No 

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Yes 


No 

Yes 

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No 

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Geo. C. Marshall 




137 
1.38 
139 


42 
56 
44 


Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


No 

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No 

* 

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6 
1 
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Yes 
Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
No 

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Yes 
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No 
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No 




WillardC. Kinsley 


Hubbard V. Smith 


140 


77 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Frank D. Hammond 


141 


43 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Burnside 


142 


47 


No 


Yes 


No 


12 


No 


No 


No 


Y'^es 


C. L. Chandler 


143 


45 


No 


No 


No 


None 


Y'es 


No 


No 


Yes 


Chas. AV. Carroll 


144 


67 


Yes 


No 


No 


1 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Y'es 


Wm A Streeter 


145 
146 


104 
19 


No 
No 


Yes 

Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


8 
None 


Yes 
Yes 


Yes 

No 


Y'es 
Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Robert G. Shaw 


E. M. Stanton 


147 


SO 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


None 


Yes 


Y^es 


Y'es 


Y'es 


A.D. Weld 


148 


25 


No 


Yes 


* 


1 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


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Maj. G. L. Stearns 


149 


41 


Yes 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


Armstrong 


150 


39 


No 


No 


No 


6 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


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Major Boyd 


151 


19 


No 


No 


No 


None 


No 


No 


No 


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C. H.P.Sargent 


152 


43 


Yes 


No 


No 


4 


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Yes 


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153 
154 


50 
30 


Yes 

Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
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5 
4 


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Yes 


Yes 
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Yes 


Martha Sever 




155 
156 
157 
158 
159 
160 
1 


49 
32 
28 
26 
71 
26 


No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 


No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 


No 
No 
Yes 

No 
No 
No 


None 
None 

6 
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6 

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Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
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Yes 
Y'es 
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Y'es 
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E S. Dresser 




Alauson Hamilton 



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* Hats and Belts. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



189 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Sept. 30, 188S — Continued. 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

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Yes 

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190 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Weekly benefits are paid by 53 Posts, and thirty Posts are 
paying regnlar amounts averaging $3.07J per week, and twenty- 
three Posts paying such sums as the Post may vote in each case. 

The Relief Fund is systematically expended in one hundred 
and twenty-six Posts. 

The amount of money reported in the relief funds of the sev- 
eral Posts Sept. oC, 1883, is $105,851.47, being an increase of 
$16,570.97 over the report of last year. 

The amount of money expended in relief for the year ending 
Sept. 30, 1883, is $34,191.45, being an increase of $5,761.92 
over last report. 

The largest amount reported in any one Relief Fund is 
$12,569.59, by Post 58 of Weymouth. 

The largest amount expended for charity is $5,292.21, by 
Post 5 of Lynn. 

The increase in membership during the last j'ear has been 
thirteen per cent. The increase of money in relief funds over 
that of last year is nearly twenty per cent, while the increase in 
the amount expended from that source has been over twenty-three 
per cent. 

The spring inspection found many of the Posts in poor con- 
dition to properly exemplify the work of the Ritual, the changes 
that have been made having just been promulgated, and many of 
the Post officers, especially in Posts in the smaller towns, putting 
a wrong construction upon the same, therefore it was not strange 
to find many Posts having as many different waj^s of performing 
the work. But the officers detailed as Assistant Inspectors 
attended faithfully to the duty assigned them, instructing where 
it was necessary, and I am happj' to say that these instructions 
were faithfully followed and carried out, and today the several 
Posts in this Department are performing the work of the Ritual 
in a uniformity of manner that has never been excelled since the 
organization of the Department of the Grand Army in this vState. 

The system of spring visitation to Posts by Assistant Inspec- 
tors for the purpose of instruction, adopted by the previous 
administration, has been followed this year with good results. 
Many of the Posts reported in excellent or good condition can but 
admit that such a good result was in great part owing to the 
instruction and advice given them by their inspecting officer, and 
I earnestly recommend the continuance of this system. 

In conclusion, comrades, I desire to convey to the officers 
detailed as Assistant Inspectors my high appreciation of their 
efforts in aiding and assisting me in performing the duties of the 
office to which I had been appointed, and to thank them for the 
kindness and courtesy shown me on all occasions when brought 
in official connection with them, also to the many comrades for 
that fraternity of feeling that has ever been manifested by them 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 191 

towards me whenever my duties have called me in contact with 
them, and particularly to the Commander of the Department and 
the Assistant Adjutant-General, who have ever been ready with 
their aid and counsel, without which the success of my labors 
would have been in vain. 

I have the honor to remain, 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

HORACE A. SAWYER, 

Inspector. 



REPORT OF CHAPLAIN. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jau. 30, 1884. 

Commander and Comrades : Again we are assembled, at the 
close of another year, to greet each other in Fraternity, Charity 
and Loyalt}'. 

The year just passed has been a pleasant and prosperous one, 
and each one of us present has cause for thankfulness to Him 
who hath preserved the body and can save the soul. Commander, 
God hath preserved you, and each of your associates, at the head 
of the Department during the year, and as you have gone from 
place to place, meeting the various Posts of the Department, 
giving advice, encouragement and counsel, your labors have not 
been in vain, for large numbers have been added to our ranks, 
and the Department of Massachusetts is now in a most healthy 
and prosperous condition. But death, the enemy of all mankind, 
has been exceedingly busy in our midst. A Past Department 
Commander and a Past Department Chaplain have both suc- 
cumbed to the grim messenger, and each has gone to his reward. 

Past Department Commander John A. Hawes died at his 
re'sideuce in Fairhaven, March 10, 1883, aged sixty years. He 
was a comrade beloved, a good citizen, a warm friend and a gen- 
erous-hearted man, and many now living have cause to bless his 
bounty, which was always given in a quiet manner. He leaves a 
wife, three daughters and a large circle of friends to mourn his 
loss. 

A new Post in the Department has since been formed and 
called by his name, so that his memory shall still be green. May 
it be a burning and shining light, noted for its deeds of charity 
and valiant in its loyalty to the Grand Armj^ of the Republic. 

Again, on Thanksgiving Day, in the house of God, in the 
pulpit, in the attitude of prayer, without a moment's warning, 
fell back and died immediatel}' one of earth's noblemen. Past 



192 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Department Chaplain Rev. Warren H. Cudworth, a member of 
Joseph Hooker Post No. 23 of East Boston. A man beloved by 
all, rich or poor, bond or free, Protestant or Catholic, each vied 
with the other to do him honor. And as a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and its Department Chaplain, he had won 
the affection and admiration of every comrade with whom he 
became acquainted. None knew him but to love him. His life 
was a success. As a pastor, he was faithful and sympathetic ; 
loving and kind in his dealings to all with whom he came in con- 
tact. A good man and a useful minister has fallen ; but, though 
death came suddenly, it found him ready and waiting. He is 
now safe at home ; he is a redeemed and happy soul in the para- 
dise of God. May you. Commander, and you, my noble associates 
and comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic, follow him as 
he did his Master, and join him at last on the blest and shining 
shore, where sickness, sorrow or death can never enter. May 
this, comrades, be our happy portion. 

Again, on the morning of July 31, all New England was 
startled with what seemed at first a very probable story, namely, 
that the train, on which were the delegates of the various States 
returning from the National Encampment to their homes, was 
wrecked, and falling down an embankment, they were buried in 
the ruins, and scarcely a human being was saved. Horror was 
depicted on every countenance, and the question was asked from 
one to the other, "Can it be true?" I recollect meeting, near 
the post-office, on that day, our warm-hearted friend, ex-Gov. 
John D. Long, who, grasping my hand, said : '' Chaplain, have 
you heard the news? Can it be true? How sad." And our 
sympathies went out for those who, left at home, were at that 
moment almost in despair over the expected loss of those beloved 
ones, buried in the ruins of a wrecked train, far from home. 

But, thank God, ere the night closed, the mist cleared away, 
and the intelligence reached us, it was a lie — sent abroad by 
some designing rascal who ought to have been bucked and gagged. 
But the hearts of those made sad by the intelligence were glad- 
dened by the arrival of their loved ones safe ^ at home, to the 
bosoms of their families and their comrades of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. And you. Commander, and those associated 
with you, will never know the terrible anxiety of that dreadful 
hour until placed in similar circumstances. And now let me turn 
from the dark to the bright side of the picture. 

The year has been a prosperous one ; prosperous in every 
respect, both in increase of membership and in ability to carry on 
the noble work of charity to our suffering comrades, and to the 
widows and orphans of those who fell in our holy cause. Every 
year death is thinning our ranks, and soon, all too soon, the last 
one will have gone to join his comrades in the sky. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 193 

How fitting that we should be banded together in times of 
peace, under the name of Grand Army of the Republic. What a 
debt the country is owing you for your valiant services ! it never 
has been paid — it never can be. I never see a soldier of the 
Republic shattered in limb or emaciated by disease, that my 
heart is not touched. They are royal ones of our land, and 
worthy of a princely living. A grateful people never ought to 
allow any of these noble veterans to eke out a living by humili- 
ating drudgery, but should care for them in a princely manner, 
from the funds now accumulating and lying idle in the National 
Treasury. 

The petition now in circulation among the various Posts of 
the Department, or one of a similar character, asking that all 
honorably discharged soldiers and sailors be given a pension of 
not less than eight dollars per month, is a step in the right direc- 
tion ; and if granted, will only be as a drop in the bucket com- 
pared to the obligation of a nation's gratitude to the survivors of 
the war. The Grand Army of Massachusetts are looking ahead 
in the right direction. The Soldiers' Home is a glorious pro- 
vision ; there the tired and worn-out ones of earth can rest 
and be cared for in the hour of sickness and death, and loving- 
hands administer to their comfort, and pleasant faces cheer them 
in their pilgrimage to another world. 

But I am inclined to think the Posts of the Grand Army of 
this Department should make some wise provision for themselves. 
It is true, I believe fully in the three great characteristics of our 
order — Fraternity. Charity and Loyalty. But I believe in the old 
saying — Charity should begin at home. For while the Grand 
Army of the Republic has spent its thousands of dollars upon 
those who never would enter our ranks, and I do not begrudge 
them the help they have received, I foresee that this large body of 
men before me to-night, as the years roll on, will soon stand on 
the borders of the grave many of them helpless and alone. Who 
will provide for them? Charity is cold, unless guided by cheer- 
ful and loving hands. Large numbers of my comrades present, 
and those 3'ou represent here, will sicken, be helpless, and die; 
your services to the country will be forgotten by the rising gener- 
ation, and money will not flow so freely into your treasury. 
What, then, are you to do? I do not know that I shall ever 
have the privilege of again addressing you in convention assem- 
bled, so I want to give you one piece of advice — let every Post 
in the Department, if not already done, lay by a part of its 
income to form a Post Relief Fund, to be spent on none but 
members of your Post, so that when the older members have 
passed away, and those now in middle life shall follow them to 
the gates of death, and poverty shall stare them in the face, and 
a pauper's grave fill them with alarm and dread, let them see and 



13 



194 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

feel that, being the last of the noble race of men who saved the 
country in its hour of peril, they have not been forgotten, and 
the forethought of their associates has wisely provided for this 
emergency, so that the last, aye the very last, man of this Grand 
Army of Massachusetts shall rise above the trials of this life, no 
poverty to assail him, no pauper's grave for him to dread ; but 
rising, when the last hour shall come, up, up, above the stars, to 
the throne of God, the angels will welcome him, and his com- 
rades who have passed on before him shall greet him around a 
camp-fire that shall never be extinguished ; and the Son of God, 
standing in the midst of the heavenl}^ hosts, shall crown him with 
glory everlasting and eternal life. 

Commander, as you, sir, shall retire on the morrow from 
your arduous labors of the year, it must be with a degree of 
satisfaction and pride that the work has been honestly done, and 
produced glorious results. May your mantle, sir, fall upon 
worthy shoulders, and your successor win glorious victories for 
the Grand Army of INIassachusetts. 

And now, comrades, one word more to 3'ou and I have done. 
Go back to your various posts of duty ; carrying greetings to 
your comrades. Go back to work with redoubled energy and 
zeal in the sphere in which you are assigned in the Post to which 
you belong. So Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty be your motto, 
and Heaven at last be your home. 

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

JOHN W. LEE, 

Department Chaplain. 



■ REPORT OF MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Headquartkrs Deft, of Mass., G.A.E. 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1884. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : I have the honor respectfully to report that I 
have attended all of the meetings of the Council of Administra- 
tion, inspected six Posts, and attended to such other duties as 
have been assigned me. 

Very respectfully' your obedient servant, 

JAS. H WRIGHT, 
Medical Director. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. IQo 



REPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Springfield, Jan. 30, 1884. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

"A short horse is soon curried," and the law department of 
the Encampment can quickly recount its doings. A wise man of 
the earth counts that a happy land whose annals are a blank, and 
the one f elicit}' of this report is its testimony that the Judge 
Advocate has had little to do, and has done no more. "With a 
few trifling exceptions the affairs of the Order have known no 
complications which soldierly horse sense, and the spirit of Fra- 
ternity and Charity have not been able to solve without recourse 
to authority. Instances of discipline have been so rare and so 
unimportant as scarcely to merit notice. 

When 3'Qur law otHcer finds his official life so uneventful he 
may well cougratulate the Encampment, and add his testimony to 
the volume already in that the .Order was never in so healthful, har- 
monious and promising condition in Massachusetts as it is today. 

The matters upon which the Department Conunander has 
required opinions from me have related mainly to questions of 
procedure under the Rules and Regulations. Such of those 
opinions as may at any time be deemed of general interest can 
be promulgated in orders, and do not need to be specifically 
referred to here. I may say, however, that the questions 
referred to me have generally arisen out of the more minute and 
elaborate provisions of our code, and I desire to suggest that 
changes in the legislation of the Order ought to be in the direc- 
tion of greater simplicity and directness. We are rapidly 
approaching that time of life when officialism, red tape, and 
formalism of every kind grow wearisome and vexatious, and the 
less the affairs of the Order become encumbered with them, the 
more securely will it be fixed in the affections of those whose 
waning years loosen all but the simplest ties of nature. 

One matter which has been made subject of reference to me 
is all that I care specially to refer to. The management of their 
Relief Fund is engaging the attention of Posts to a degree which 
calls for more definite provision concerning it than the Rules and 
Regulations now contain. In very many Posts this fund has 
been placed in the hands of a board of trustees — a disposition 
of it which can hardly be reconciled with that provision of the 
code which requires that all the property of the Post shall be held 
by the Quartermaster, but which is so eminently wise and secure 
that many other Posts only hesitate to adopt it because of its 
apparent illegality. I am clearly of the opinion that the practice 



196 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

has uo warrant in the Rules and Regulations, but that it ought 
to have. I therefore recommend that members of the National 
Encampment from this Department be instructed to urge upon 
that body such changes in the Rules and Regulations as will 
place the Relief Fund in the hands of trustees, substantially in 
the manner now in vogue in this Department. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L,, 

JNO. L. RICE, 
Judge Advocate. 

REPORT OF CHIEF MUSTERING OFFICER. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
BosTox, Jan. 30, 1884. 
A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Having been called to my position late in the year, to fill the 
unexpired term of Comrade Gibbs, my duties have been rather of 
an ornamental nature. I have officiated at the installation cere- 
monies of Post 33 of Woburn and Post 6(3 of Medford, The appli- 
cations for installing officers have been filled, and comrades so 
designated have performed the duties assigned them very accept- 
ably. I would suggest that, hereafter, Posts, in making requests 
for installing officers, be more prompt in their choice and in noti- 
fying Department Headquarters, as a number of Posts were dis- 
appointed in not having their selected comrade to install their 
officers. Permit me also to suggest that the installation cere- 
monies would be far more effective and impressive if comrades 
selected to perform the ceremony were members of Posts other 
than the one selecting them. 

I desire to express my hearty thanks to the comrades who so 
ably assisted me in the installation ceremonies, and to the Depart- 
ment Commander and his Staff for the courtesies extended to me 
in the performance of my duties. 

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

A. M. LUNT, 
Chief Muster inrj Officer. 



REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan. 30, 1884. 

Commander and Comrades of the Dejxirtment Encampment: 
In accordance with the requirements of our Order, the members 
of the Council of Administration would respectfully present the 
doings of their Department the past year. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 197 

It would take too much of your valuable time to give a 
detailed report, therefore we will pass over the minor points, and 
present only those of importance. 

The Council have held five regular meetings and one special 
meeting during the year. At the first meeting, held February 8, 
a vote of thanks was extended to the officers and comrades of 
Post 2, for the courteous manner in which they had performed 
guard duty at the Department Encampment. 

On motion of Comrade AVright, a committee was appointed 
to procure a testimonial for Comrade James F. Meech, in accord- 
ance with a vote passed at the Department Convention, the cost 
of said testimonial not to exceed sevent3'-five dollars. 

A special meeting of the Council was held March 22, to take 
action and pay our respects to our late comrade and Past Depart- 
ment Commander, John A. Hawes. On motion of Comrade Mon- 
roe, a committee of three were appointed to draft resolutions in 
honor of the departed Commander, and a copy of the same was 
transmitted to his famil}'. 

At a regular meeting, held July 12, the following named 
comrades Avere elected delegates to the National Encampment, to 
fill the vacancies caused by the resignation of comrades elected at 
the Department Encampment : — 

F. M. Shaw, J. W. Hersey, A. S. Roe, E. C. Gould, E. B. 
Witherell, and C. G. Davis. 

The Council would recommend that, in selecting delegates 
for the National Encampment, only those comrades be elected 
who would pledge themselves to attend unless prevented by some 
unavoidable circumstances. 

The Council would, in view of the time and expense involved 
upon the Department Commander and Assistant Adjutant-General, 
suggest to the Department Encampment for their consideration 
that a sum be appropriated each year by the Council of Adminis- 
tration sufficient to defray the travelling expenses of said officers 
to and from the National Encampment. 

In conclusion, the Council would congratulate Commander 
Evans upon the very successful and prosperous 3^ear of his 
administration. 

All of which we most respectfull}^ suljmit. 

C. H. PARSONS, 

W. W. SCOTT, 

R. F. TOBIN, 

J. GUSHING THOMAS, 

BENJ. PITMAN, 

Council of Administration . 



198 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF THE AUDITING COMMITTEE. 

The Auditing Committee appointed by the Commander to 
andit the accouuts of the Assistant Quartermaster-General and 
Assistant Adjutant-General attended to the duty assigned them, 
and thoroughly examined all books, bills, vouchers, etc., at the 
close Qf each quarter, and we are pleased to report that we found 
the books kept in a perfect, business-like manner, all accouuts 
being balanced at the end of each quarter. We also found vouch- 
ers and bills receipted for all moneys paid out. 

Balance on hand, Feb. 1, 1883 $683 71 

Received during the year . . 5,750 76 

Making a total of §6,436 47 

Expenditures 5,074 78 

Balance on hand, Jan. 1, 1884 1,359 69 

Supplementary Report from Jan. 1 to Jan. 30, 1884. 

Receipts $1,438 47 

Balance on hand, Jan. 1 1,359 69 

Total $2,798 16 

Expenditures 1,053 85 

Balance on hand, Jan. 30, 1884 $1,744 31 

The Auditing Committee congratulate the Department on its 
financial condition. We are free from any indebtedness. All of 
our office fixtures, supplies, etc., at headquarters are paid for, 
and we have a handsome balance to turn over to our successors 
in office. 

The committee would recommend to the Department that one 
thousand dollars of the funds be invested in such manner as, in 
the judgment of the Council of Administration, would be for the 
best interest of the Department, the balance to be left in the 
hands of the Assistant Quartermaster-General for current expenses 
of the Department. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. H PARSONS, 
W. W. SCOTT, 
R. F. TOBIN, 

Auditing Committee of the Council of Administration. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



199 



SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE 
SOLDIERS' HOME. 

Comrades : By direction of the Board of Trustees of the Sol- 
diers' Home I have the honor to submit the following report of 
the condition of the Home, from July 25, 1883, to Jan. 1, 1884, 
being supplementary to the annual report that is in the hands of 
the comrades of the Convention. 

From July 25, 1883, to Jan. 1, 1884, number admitted to 
the Home, 47; readmitted, 17; in the Home January 1, lOG; 
aggregate number admitted since the Home was opened, July 25, 
1882, 296 ; number died since July 25, 4 ; number in Hospital 
Jan. 1, 1884, 23. 

The men admitted to the Home since it was opened, July 25, 
1882, to Jan. 1, 1884, served as follows : — 



1st Mass. Vols. . . 


. . . 5 


61st Mas 


s Vo 


s. 


2d " " . . 


... 6 


4th M V.M. . 


7th '' " . . 


... 1 


oth 






9th " '' . . 


... 8 


6th 






10th " " . . 


... 3 


8th 






nth " " . . 


... 6 


43d 






12th " " . . 


... 3 


45th 






13th " " . . 


5 


46th 






loth " " . . 


... 4 


47th 






16th " " . . 


9 


48th 






17th " " . . 


... 9 


50th 






19th " " . . 


. . . 9 


51st 






20th '• " . . 


... 11 


53d 






21st 


• . . 4 


60th " 




22cl '' " . . 


. 5 


2d Co. S.S. 




23d " " . . 


... 4 


Vet. Reserve Cor 


24th " 


... 6 


2d Bat'v Art. 


25th " " . . 


... 3 


3d " " 


26th " " . . 


. 8 


4th " 


28th - - . . 


. . . 8 


5th '' " 


29th " " . . 


5 


6th •' " 


30th " " . . 


... 9 


9th " " 


31st " " . . 


. . . 1 


nth " '• 


32d " " . . 


... 12 


12th " 


33d " " . . 


2 


1st Res?t. H.A. 


34th " " . . 


. . 1 


2d " " 


35th " " . . 


. . . 1 


3d " 


36th " " . . 


. . . 4 


1st Bat'y " 


37th '• •' . . 


2 


1st Resjt. Cav. 


39th " " . . 


. . . 1 


2d " 


40th " " . . 


. . . 4 


3d " 


56th " 


5 


4th •' 


57th " " 


. . . 1 


Navy . . . . 


58th " " . . 


2 


Other Sta 


tes 





ps 



3 
3 
3 
2 
3 
3 
3 
1 
2 
3 
1 
2 
2 
1 
1 
6 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
10 
12 
2 
1 
4 
6 
6 
2 
25 
17 



By this you will see that all branches of the service are repre- 
sented, and that men from all parts of the State have found shel- 
ter in the Home. 



200 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

In my aunual report to the Trustees I called their attention 
to the necessit}' for additional room, especially for hospital pur- 
poses, and recommended that a fair be held the coming autumn to 
replenish our funds. The Trustees have carefully considered the 
matter, and while they are unanimous in favor of the recommen- 
dation, they believe that next autumn being Presidential election, 
the spring of 1885 would be a better time, in which opinion I 
heartily concur, and by a vote of the Trustees bring the subject 
before this Encampment for your consideration. You may ask, 
"What has the Encampment to do with the Soldiers' Home ?" 
Legally, nothing ; morally, everything. Without the active co- 
operation of the fourteen thousand comrades who compose the 
Department of Massachusetts G.A.R,, your Trustees would feel 
weak, and not equal to the work before them ; but with your 
sympathy and support, we feel that success is assured. But, 
please, don't feel that when you have voted to stand b}' us in tliis 
work you have accomplished it. You remember how often in war 
times the citizens "resolved" that the army ought to move, and 
that Richmond ought to be taken, -but forgot to take their muskets 
and back up their resolutions. 

So in our work success can only come when we advance all 
along the line. In my opinion no more worthy charit}' can be 
found in this State than ours. 

The sympathies of the people are with us, and we have only 
to bring our cause, before them to obtain all the financial assist- 
ance we require. We have petitioned the Legislature for the same 
amount we received last year ($15,000), and I have no doubt it 
will be as cheerfully given as it was then ; but as I have before 
said, I hope that the management of the Home will ever remain 
in the hands of comrades of the G.A.R., and be largel}^ supported 
by contributions from the patriotic men and women of our old Com- 
monwealth. I trust all comrades who have not visited the Home 
will do so, and urge citizens to do the same. Since July 25, 1883, 
fifteen hundred have registered as visitors at the Home, exclusive 
of those who have visited it for the purpose of giving entertain- 
ments to the men, and I have yet to find a visitor who has not 
become heartily interested in it. 

With the exception of Sundays, the Home is always open for 
the inspection of visitors, and they will receive a cordial welcome 
from Gen. Cunningham and his excellent wife. Since the open- 
ing of the Home we have been constantly assisted by the Ladies' 
Aid Association connected with it. 

They have answered every call, provided all the white quilts, 
sheets and pillowcases ; donated books and papers ; provided 
stage and scenery' for entertainments ; visited the sick in the 
Hospital, furnishing them with delicacies ; in fact, have been to 
the boys in the Home just what the Sanitary Commission was to 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 201 

the boys in the field. Words can poorly express our thanks for 
what they have done for our comrades ; but we assure them their 
noble works are appreciated by us, and the consciousness of dutj^ 
well performed must be their reward. 

We trust our work has been such as to meet the approval of 
our comrades. Let us, as comrades of the G.A.R., b}' judicious 
expenditure of our Post charity funds, keep just as manj' con^- 
rades outside the Home as possible ; but, let every old soldier or 
sailor feel that when the time comes that he has no other shelter, 
the Home on Powder Horn Hill, in Chelsea, is open to receive 
him, while we have a vacant bed or a dollar to provide for his 
wants. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. G. B. ADAMS, 

President. 

Moved by Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 : — 

That the Department Commander appoint a committee of 
fourteen to report a list of fourteen delegates, and an equal num- 
ber of alternates, to the next National Encampment. 

The motion was adopted and the following committee was 
appointed, viz. : — 

J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 ; J. F. Capelle of Post 57 ; Geo. 
L. Goodale of Post 66 ; AVm. S. King of Post 139 ; E. A. Horton 
of Post 145; Geo. D. Stiles of Post 5; C. S. Anthony of Post 
3 ; Wm. H. Wade of Post 133 ; Geo. O. Noyes of Post 15 ; M. 
B. Lakeman of Post 40; C. M. Whelden of Post 125; F. M. 
Kingman of Post 124 ; Harry Crosby of Post 71 : A. H. Wright 
of Post 73. 

On motion of Comrade Wm. H. Brown of Post 82, it was 
voted that a committee of five be appointed to report a list of an 
equal number of comrades for Council of Administration. The 
following committee was appointed : — 

Wm. PI. Brown of Post H2 ; Chas. H. Ross of Post 2 ; Geo. 
H. Patch of Post 142 ; Alfred A. Burrill of Post 22 ; Wm. L. 
Robinson of Post 10. 

It was moved by Comrade Geo. W. Creasey of Post 49, that 
a committee of five be appointed by the Department Commander 
to take into Consideration, and report upon at the morning session, 
the various recommendations in the address of the Department 
Commander and the reports of all other officers, including the 
Council of Administration. 



202 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The following committee was named and approved : — 

Geo. W. Creasey of Post 49 ; Dennis Liuelian of Post 15 , 
J. W. Hersey of Post 16 ; John D. Billings of Post 94 ; John H. 
Abbott of Post 46. 

On motion of Comrade Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66, the 
Assistant Adjutant-General was directed to acknowledge the 
receipt of telegram from Department of New Jersey, G.A.R. , 
and extend to them the greeting of this Department. 

Comrade Geo. H. Patch of Post 142 addressed the Encamp- 
ment in favor of an Encampment under canvas, of this Depart- 
ment, during the coming year, at Lake Waushacum, in the town 
of Sterling. 

He explained the plan quite at length, and gave notice that 
he should call up this matter at the morning session, and ask a 
vote on it. 

The different committees were notified as to the place and 
hour of meeting. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General gave notice that there had 
been unforeseen delay in the issue of the proceedings of the last 
Encampmeut, but that he had them present, and they would be 
distributed at the close of this session, the roll of Posts to be 
called for that purpose. 

Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68 moved that when this 
Encampment adjourns it be to meet at Tremont Temple, at 9 
o'clock tomorrow morning, January 31. 

Comrade James K. Churchill of Post 10 moved, as an amend- 
ment, that the hour be 10 o'clock. Amendment lost. 

The original motion was then carried. 

There being no further business, the Encampment adjourned 
at 10.30 P.M. 



Tremont Temple, Jan 31, 1884. 

The Department Encampment was called to order by Depart- 
ment Commander Geo. S. Evans at 9.45 a.m. 

Prayer was offered by Chaplain John W. Lee. 

The following messages were read by the Assistant Adjutant- 
General, who was directed to acknowledge and reply to the 
same : — 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 203 

MiDDLETOWN, CoNX., Jau. 31, 1884. 

Geo. S. Evans, Department Commander, G.A R., 
Boston. 
Seventeenth Encampment Department of Connecticut in session send 
a comrade's greeting to your Encampment, trusting that your delibera- 
tions may result in good to the Order. ISAAC B. HYATT, 

Department Commander. 

Tremoxt, Nej5., Jau. 30, 1884. 

Geo S. Evans, Department Commander, G.A.R., 
Boston. 
Nebraska sends greeting to the comrades of Massachusetts in 
Encampment assembled. JOHN C. BONNELL, 

Department Commander. 

The next business being tlie reception of communications 
from Posts, the roll was called with the following result : — 

Headquarters John A. Andrew Post No. 15, G.A.R. , 
Department of Massachusetts. 
Commander: Your delegates to this Convention from Post 15 have 
been instructed to bring before you for action the following : — 

To endeavor to have all of Section 2, Article VII., of the Eules and 
Regulations after the word " choice " in the second line stricken out, and 
that the delegates to the National Encampment from the Department of 
Massachusetts be instructed to urge the same. 

E. CLEAVES, S.V.C, 
D. LINEHAN, 
OLIVER DOWNING, 
GEORGE W. POWERS. 



Headquarters John A Andrew Post No. 15, G.A R., 
Department of Massachusetts. 
Commander: Your delegates to this Convention from Post 15 have 
been instructed to bring before you for action the following : — 

That in the Ritual, work and orders of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, an unjust discrimination is made against sailors, who served their 
country with a fidelity equal to that of soldiers, and Avho are entitled to 
an e(jual recognition in that Order which claims to represent the com- 
bined patriotism and loyalty of the country, and they ask that the dele- 
gates from this Department to the National Encampment be instructed 
to urge upon that body the justice of making the changes necessary to 
comply with the spirit of this resolution. 

E. CLEAVES, S.V.C, 
OLIVER DOWNING, 
D. LINEHAN, 
GEORGE W. POWERS. 



204 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Headquarters Theodore Winthrop Post No 35, G.A.R , 
Department of Massachusetts. 

Chelsea, Mass., Jau. 24, 1884. 
To the Officers and Members of this Encampment. 

Comrades: At a regular meeting of Post 35, held this evening, it 
was voted that the delegates to the Department Convention be instructed 
to present the matter of sailors' records to the Convention, and request 
that some action be taken, whereby a complete record of every man who 
served in the navy of the United States during the Rebellion might be kept 
in the same manner as that of its soldiers. 

Respectfully submitted, in F., C. and L., 

GEO. W. MARSH, Commander, Post 35. 

For the Delegates. 

Headquarters Post 30, G A.R. 

Cambridgeport, Jau. 24, 1884. 

Besolved, That the delegates to the National Encampment be instructed 
to cause such change in the ritual as to make the installation of officers 
in the rear of the altar and facing the Holy Bible, instead of being in 
front of the altar, and back to the Bible, as now laid down in the ritual. 
It is further, 

Besolved, That thej^ cause such change to be made in the muster-in 
service as to require the badge presentation in the mustering of recruits 
in all Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

J. W. WALKER, 
Commander, Post 30, G.A.R. 



Headquarters MacPherson Post No. 73, G.A.R. 
Abington, Mass., Jan. 16, 1884. 

MacPherson Post No. 73, G.A.R., respectfully presents to the Depart- 
ment Encampment the following memorial : — 

In the national cemetery at Gettysburg the graves are arranged in 
concentric curves, the lines of which are marked by granite bands, like 
curbstones, on the top of which are cut into the granite the names of the 
soldiers, each over against his gi'ave. Originally they were painted 
black. This paint has been renewed two or three times, but noAv it is 
entirely worn out, and the stones look painfully shabby and neglected. 
The comrade in charge of the cemetery has put in a requisition to the 
War Department each year for two or three years past, asking that the 
names be repainted, but the request has been passed over. 

What is true at Gettysburg is likely to be true, or to become true, at 
each of the other national cemeteries. We therefore respectfully request 
the Department Encampment to take such measures as will secure, if 
possible, an appropriation from Congress, at its present session, to pro- 
vide for painting all the names in all the national cemeteries, for which 
we are informed that one cent a letter is ample. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 205 

We also understand that if the paint be renewed once in five years, 
tliis will be often enough to keep the names looking neat and bright. 
We therefore would further re<iuest that steps be also taken to secure 
the establishment of a regular appropriation for this purpose once in 
five years, just as our towns give regular appropriations yearly to the 
G.A.R. 

All Avhich is submitted with earnest desire, 

In Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

AUGUSTUS II. WRIGHT, 
Wm. H. Nash, Adjutant. Post Commander. 

At the conclusion of this order of business, on motion of 
Comrade Oliver Downing of Post 15, it was voted that all resolu- 
tions and communications from Posts be referred to the commit- 
tee of five on Commander's address, except the one from Post 
35, G.A.R. , relative to the matter of Navy records, and on 
motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68, the latter question 
was referred to a special committee of three, which was consti- 
tuted as follows : — 

Chas. B. Fox of Post 68, R. F. Tobin of Post 30, J. Frank 
Dalton of Post 34. 

After remarks by various comrades relative to matters that 
had just been referred to committees. Comrade Geo. H. Patch of 
Post 142 called up the matter referred to by him at the evening 
session, and, after explaining the subject quite at length, sub- 
mitted the following motion, viz : — 

That it is the sense of the delegates here assembled that this 
Department hold an Encampment under canvas for three or five 
days, during the coming summer or autumn, at Lake Waushacum, 
Sterling. The motion was seconded. 

A long discussion of the question followed, which was par- 
ticipated in by Comrades Wm. MacDonald of Post 158, E. "W. 
Thompson of Post 42, J. B. Willard of Post 10, Geo. S. Merrill 
of Post 3U, C. M. Whelden of Post 125, J. K. Churchill of Post 
10, and others. Comrade Wm. H. Hart of Post 35 moved the 
previous question, which was ordered, and Comrade Patch's 
motion was declared lost. 

The Special Committee of three on Navy Records asked for 
further time, with leave to communicate their wishes to the 
Legislature or the State authorities, which was granted. 

On motion of Comrade Dennis Meehan of Post 7, it was 
voted : — 



206 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

That for the remainder of this session no comrade be allowed 
to speak longer than five minutes, or more than once on the same 
question, except by unanimous consent. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 487 

Number of comrades present 426 

Divided as follows : — 

Department Officers • .... 15 

Past Department Officers 5 

Post Commanders 134 

Delegates 272 

Total . . • 426 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON COMMANDER'S ADDRESS, ETC. 

Comrade George W. Crease}' of Post 49 submitted a report 
for above committee, which he read in full. Various motions and 
amendments were made and discussed, and it was finall}' voted, 
on motion of Comrade Andrew C. Stone of Post 39, that the 
report be accepted, and the several recommendations be consid- 
ered separately. In accordance with that vote, the report was 
reread, and separate action taken. 

First. The recommendation that the spring visitation to 
Posts by Department officers be continued, your committee would 
advise that the system be made permanent. 

Adopted. 

Second. That in the matter of changing the installation 
services, as recommended by the Department Commander, the 
committee consider any change inexpedient. 

Quite a discussion followed, which was participated in by 
Comrades Capelle of Post 57, Downing and Linehan of Post 15, 
Thompson of Post 42, Goodale of Post 66, and Welch of Post 
57 ; and on motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68, it was 
voted that the matter be referred to the delegates from this 
Department to the National Encampment. 

Third. The recommendation that Posts include in the 
muster-in fee the price of the regulation badge, be adopted, that 
that portion of the muster-in service relating to the presentation 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 207 

of the badge maj' be performed without the very unusual and 
humiliatiug spectacle, presented b}^ some of the Posts in the 
Department, of presenting to the initiate the badge of our Order, 
and then supplementing it with the ridiculous demand of payment 
for the same, or its return to the Quartermaster. 

Adopted. 

FonrtJi. Tliat portion of the Commander's address wherein 
he recommends the appropriation of a sum not exceeding 6300, 
for the actual traveling expenses of the Department Commander, 
be adopted ; and in addition they would respectfully recommend 
that it apply to the Department Commander oidy, and that all 
such expenses be subject to the approval of the Council of 
Administration ; and, further, that when the Department Com- 
mander attends a fair, given by an individual Post, the Post shall 
pay the expense. 

The usual motion to accept the foregoing recommendation 
was seconded, but much opposition was manifested, several com- 
rades spoke upon the question, and especially with reference to 
an amendment presented by Comrade Chas. A. Follett of Post 
88, to add the words " Senior Vice-Commander and Junior Vice- 
Commander" after the words " to the Department Commander," 
so that it shall read "to the Department Commander, Senior 
Vice-Commander, and Junior Vice-Commander only." 

The amendment was adopted, as was the original question 
as amended. 

Fifth. That the railroad fares of the Department Com- 
mander and the Assistant Adjutant-General to the National 
Encampment be paid b}^ the Department. The committee recom- 
mend favorable action. 

Adopted. 

Sixth. That portion of the address relative to the contem- 
plated fair in aid of the Soldiers' Home, the connnittee would 
recommend that this Encampment "assures the Trustees of the 
Home of the earnest, hearty and active co-operation of the 
Department in whatever measures they may present for the ben 
efit of the Home, and would further recommend that the delegates 
report to their respective Posts that a fair is to be held in the 
spring of 1885, and urge that their Posts not only endorse the 
action of the Trustees and this Encampment, but pledge their 
active assistance in making the fair a financial success. 

Adopted. 

Seventh. That the appropriation of 8200 for additional 
clerical force for the Assistant Adjutant-General be continued. 

Adopted. 



208- HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Eifjlitli. The recommendation of the Assistant Adjutant- 
General that a memorial page be inserted in the printed proceed- 
ings, giving name, company and regiment, if soldiers, and ship, 
squadron and station, if sailors, of comrades who have died dur- 
ing the year, the committee most heartily approve, and recommend 
its adoption. 

Accepted by a rising vote. 

Niyitli. The recommendation of the Judge Advocate regard- 
ing a change in the Rules and Regulations so that a portion of 
the funds of a Post may be placed in the hands of Trustees, 
your committee would suggest that the subject be referred to the 
National Encampment. 

And it was so ordered. 

Tenth. The recommendation of the Council of Administra- 
tion regarding the investment of the surplus funds of the Depart- 
ment, your committee would recommend the reference of the 
subject to the incoming Council of Administration. 

Adopted, and the report of the committee as a whole was 
accepted. 

Comrade Oliver Downing of Post 15 offered the following 
motion : — 

Besolved, That our delegates to the National Encampment be 
instructed to urge that the Rules and Regulations be so changed as to 
allow Post Commanders to appoint the Officer of the Day and the Officer 
of the Guard. 

The motion was lost. 

Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 reported for the com- 
mittee to nominate delegates and alternates to the National 
Encampment, and the report of the committee was "laid on the 
table until after the election of ofllcers." 

A resolution offered by Comrade E. P. Morton of Post 61 
as to the action, or rather, non-action, of the incoming Depart- 
ment Commander during the approaching political campaign was, 
on motion of Comrade Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66, returned to 
the comrade presenting it. 

Comrade John S. Beck of Post 66 moved, and it was voted, 
That we proceed to the election of Department officers, and that 
the Commander appoint a committee of live to collect, sort and 
count votes for Department Commander. Comrade Chas. B. Fox 
nominated the present Senior Vice-Commander, John D. Billings 
of Post 94, for the position of Department Commander. The 
nomination was seconded by Comrade W. H. Bartlett of Post 10. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 209 

After farther remarks by several comrades in favor of Comrade 
Billings' candidacy, and there being no other nominations pre- 
sented, the Department Commander appointed the following com- 
mittee on ballot for Department Commander : — 

John S. Beck of Post 6G, F. M. Harrington of Post 96, 
E. J. Dolan of Post 30, J. H. Gould of Post 117, Fred Hanson 
of Post 13. 

After the vote for Commander had been taken and the com- 
mittee had retired, it was voted, on motion of Comrade Theodore 
Leutz of Post 21, that we proceed to the election of Depart- 
ment Senior Vice-Commander, and that a committee of five be 
appointed by the Commander to collect, sort and count votes for 
a Department Senior Vice-Commander. 

The Commander appointed the following committee : — 

Theodore Leutz of Post 21, Chas. O. Welch of Post 57, 
Leopold Bartol of Post 1, Thos. Stoddard of Post 87, Oliver 
Downing of Post 15. 

Nominations being next in order. Comrade Fitz J. Babson 
of Post 45 nominated Comrade Benjamin Pitman of Post 82. 
The nomination was seconded, and remarks were made by Com- 
rades Powers and Langlan of Post 15, and Follet of Post 88. 
Comrade John L. Otis of Post 86 nominated J, W. Hersey of 
Post 16. The nomination was seconded by Comrade J. B. Par- 
sons of Post 86. Comrade H. A. Sawyer of Post 5 was nomi- 
nated by Comrade C. O. Fellows of Post 35. The present 
Department Junior Vice-Commander, W. A. Sloane, was nomi- 
nated by Comrade J. B. Lamb of Post 10. Seconded b}' Com- 
rade J. K. Churchill of same Post. Comrade Jesse H. Jones of 
Post 73 named Comrade D. H. L. Gleason of Post 63. Seconded 
by Comrade A. B. Underwood of Post 62. 

The ballot having been taken and the committee having 
retired. Comrade Beck reported as follows on vote for Department 
Commander : — 



Whole number of votes cast 383 

John D. Billings had . . 366 

Benj. Pitman had 10 

R. F. Tobin had 2 

Scattering 5 



14 



210 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Comrade Billings was declared elected, and Comrades Bab- 
son of Post 42, Frost of Post 43, and Liuehan of Post 15, were 
requested to escort the Commander-elect to the platform. The 
committee attended to the duty assigned them, and presented 
Commander-elect Billings, who thanked the Encampment for the 
unanimity of his election, and pledged himself and his best efforts 
to the advancement and upbuilding of the Department for tlie 
coming year. 

Comrade Geo. D. Stiles of Post 5 moved, and it was voted, 
That there be no ballot for Department Junior-Vice Commander 
until after the election of Senior Vice-Commander, and that we 
proceed to the election of Medical Director. 

For the latter office Comrade James Oliver, Jr., of Post 123 
was nominated by Geo. P. Hawes of Post 109. The nomination 
was seconded by Comrade Hersey of Post 16. 

A motion was made by Comrade J. B. Willard of Post 10 
that the Assistant Adjutant-General cast one ballot bearing the 
name of Comrade James Oliver, Jr., for Medical Director. 
Objection was made, and a ballot ordered to be taken. 

On motion of Comrade J. F. Capelle of Post 57, the 
Encampment voted to proceed to the election of Department 
Chaplain, and that a committee of five be constituted to conduct 
the balloting. 

Comrades Capelle of Post 57, Hawkes of Post 109, Buzzell 
of Post 7, Lauglan of Post 15, and Lothrop of Post 16, were 
appointed a committee. 

Comrades Edward A. Horton and Richard Eddy were nom- 
inated, and the ballot was proceeded with. After this committee 
had retired to count. Comrade Wm. H. Brown of Post 82 
reported as follows for the committee appointed to nominate five 
comrades to serve on the Council of Administration : — 

Comrade W. W. Scott of Post 10, Worcester; Comrade J. 
Cushing Thomas of Post 15, Boston; Comrade John McDonough 
of Post 2, South Boston ; Comrade Edward McKay of Post 22, 
Milford; Comrade Chas. H. Tracey of Post 103, Chicopee. 

A motion was made that the report be accepted, and the 
Assistant Adjutant-General cast the list as reported. Objection 
was made, and the report was laid on the table. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 211 

Comrade Leutz of Post 21 reported as follows on l)allot 
for Department Senior Vice-Commander : — 

Whole number of votes cast 393 

John W. Hersey had 197 

Horace A. Sawyer had 70 

W. A. Sloane had 59 

Benjamin Pitman had 42 

D. H. L. Gleason had 22 

Scattering 3 

And Comrade J. W. Hersey of Post 16 was declared 
elected. 

Comrades Pitman and Sawyer were appointed a committee 
to conduct the Senior Vice-Commander elect to the platform, who 
upon his arrival, thanked the comrades for their confidence, and 
promised his cordial and untiring support for the year to come. 

A ballot was ordered for Department Junior Vice-Com- 
mander. 

Comrade John H. Abbott of Post 46 placed in nomination 
Comrade E. A. Horton of Post 145. Comrade John L. Rice of 
Post 17 presented the name of Comrade H. A. Sawyer of Post 5. 
Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42 nominated Richard F. Tobin 
of Post 30, seconded by Comrades Hart and Pitman. Comrade 
A. H. Wright of Post 73 named Comrade Chas. D. Nash of Post 
78, seconded by Comrade Geo. W. Powers of Post 15. Nomina- 
tions ceased, the ballot was taken, and the committee retired. 

The committee on ballot for Medical Director reported as 
follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 316 

James Oliver, Jr., Post 123, had .... 294 

M. F. Delano, Post 52, had 16 

J. H. Wright, Post 63, had 3 

Scattering 3 

And Comrade Oliver was declared elected. 
Comrade Capclle reported as follows on ballot for Chap- 
lain : — 



212 



HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Whole number of votes cast 324 

Richard Eddy had 245 

E. A. Hortou had 66 

John W. Lee had 9 

Philip H. Creasey had 4 

Comrade Richard Eddy of Post 4 was declared elected 
Department Chaplain, and was presented to the Encampment, 
whereupon he expressed his appreciation of the honor conferred 
and pledged his most earnest co-operation. 

Comrade John S. Beck of Post 66 moved to take from the 
table the report of Committee to Nominate Delegates and Alter- 
nates to National Encampment, and that the Assistant Adjutant- 
General cast the list as reported. 

Objection was made, and Comrade Dennis Meehan of Post 
7 moved to substitute the name of S. F. Keyes for that of J. E. 
Killian ; but the Encampment refused to concur. The original 
motion being called for, and no objection being made, the 
Assistant Adjutant-General cast the list as reported, and the 
following comrades were declared elected 

Refresentatives to National Encamfment. 

delegate-at-large. 
James F. Meech, Post 10, Worcester. 



DELEGATES. 



Charles M. Whelden 
Henry C. Hall . 
J. A. G. Richardson 
Geo. A. Fletcher 
John E. Killian 
Andrew C. Stone 
John Macfarlane . 
Wm. H. Estey 
Geo. G. Bailey, Jr. 
Chas. O. Welch . 
Thos. H. Hill 
Chas. S. Anthony 
M. R. Greeley 
E. B. Stillings 



Post 125, Pittsfield 

" 29, Waltham 

" 42, Lowell 

" 102, Milton 
" 26, Roxbury 

" 39, Lawrence 
" 5, Lynn 
" 15, Boston 

" 121, Hyde Park 
" 57, East Cambridge 

" 33, Woburn 
" 3, Taunton 

" 58, Weymouth 

" 148, Winchester 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 213 

ALTERNATE-AT-LARGE. 

Johu L. Otis Post 86, Northampton 

ALTERNATES. 

F. O. Barnes Post 35, Chelsea 

J. H. Abbott "46, Fall River 

S. F. Keyes '' 7, Boston 

E. S. Horton "145, Attleboro 

C. Frank Luther "79, North Adams 

AYm. H. Warren "12, Wakefield 

Thos. E. Barker . . . . . . " 40, Maiden 

J. W. Sawyer ''95, Saugus 

C. H. Coburn "120, Lowell 

E. H. Dyer • " 2, South Boston 

E. P. Davis "133, Plain ville 

J. F. Capelle "57, East Cambridge 

H. M. Phillips "16, Springfield 

P. A. Lindsey "30, Cambridge port 

Comrade J. B. Willard of Post 10 moved to take from the 
table the report of Committee on Nomination of Council of 
Administration. The motion was adopted, and it was then voted 
that the list as presented by the committee be deposited by the 
Assistant Adjutant-General, and the comrades therein named. be 
declared elected. 

There being no objection, the list was deposited as directed 
and the following comrades declared elected : — 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

W. W. Scott Post 10, Worcester 

J. Cushing Thomas ''15, Boston 

John McDouough " 2, South Boston 

Edward McKay "22, Milford 

Chas. H. Tracey "113, Chicopee 

Comrade Leutz reported for Committee on Ballot for Depart- 
ment Juuior Vice-Commander, as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 363 

Richard F. Tobin had 254 

Chas D. Nash " 40 

Edward S. Horton " 31 

Benj. Pitman " 27 

H. A. Sawyer " 9 

Scattering 2 

And Richard F. Tobin was declared elected. 



214 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Comrade Tobiii was presented, and while he does not claim 
to be a musician, he struck the right " note," at least that was 
the opinion of the Encampment, judging by the interest mani- 
fested. 

Comrade Wm. H. Hart of Post 35 offered the following reso- 
lution, which was unanimously adopted : — 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Department, in Convention 
assembled, be extended to Department Chaplain John W. Lee, for 
the character and dignity which he has brought to his office during 
five years of faithful service, in which he has won the respect and 
esteem of all his comrades. 

The Department Commander-elect announced that he should 
reappoint Comrade Alfred C. Monroe as Assistant Adjutant- 
General, which announcement was enthusiastically received by 
the delegates. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General presented the following 
motion : — 

That the thanks of the Encampment be extended to the offi- 
cers and guard of Post 30, for the excellent manner in which they 
performed guard duty. 

And it was unanimously adopted. 

There being no further business, the following officers were 
installed by Comrade A. B. Underwood, the Senior Past Depart- 
ment Commander present : — 

Department Commander .... John D. Billings 
Department Senior Vice-Commander, John W. Hersey 
Department Junior Vice-Commander, Richard F. Tobin 

Medical Director James Oliver, Jr. 

Chaplain Richard Eddy 

Assistant Adjutant-General . . . Alfred C. Monroe 

fW. W. Scott 
J. Cushing Thomas 
Council of Administration . . . \ John McDonough 

Edward McKay 
I^Chas. H. Tracey 
There being no further business, the Eighteenth Encamp- 
ment of the Department of Massachusetts was declared dissolved. 

A true copy of the proceedings. 

A C. MONROE, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 215 



THE BANQUET. 



In accordance with the custom adopted for the past two or 
three years, a very large number of delegates to the Convention 
proceeded to Faneuil Hall at the close of the Encampment, for the 
purpose of partaking of a banquet which had been prepared for 
the occasion. Besides the delegates, there were a large number 
of comrades present from all sections of the State, which com- 
pletely filled old Faneuil Hall. Five hundred comrades sat down 
to the repast. 

After the comrades had ail been comfortably seated. Assist- 
ant Quartermaster-General Fellows announced from the outpost 
that the Governor had arrived, when Commander Evans immedi- 
ately proceeded to the ante-room, and presently appeared with the 
Governor, who received a most enthusiastic reception. 

The retiring Commander, George S. Evans, presided, and 
upon his right at the table upon the platform sat His Excellency 
the Governor, George D. Robinson ; Department Commander- 
elect John I). Billings; Comrade Augustus P. Martin, Mayor of 
Boston ; Comrade Geo. A. Marden, Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, and others. Upon his left were Comrade Samuel 
Dalton, Adjutant-General of Massachusetts ; Comrade Henry B. 
Peirce, Secretary of the Commonwealth; Past Commander-in- 
Chief Geo. S. Merrill, and others. The newly elected Depart- 
ment officers and a number of Past Department Commanders were 
also upon the platform. 

At the close of the excellent banquet (which was furnished 
by Caterer Tufts in his usual ample and satisfactory manner), and 
after cigars had been lighted. Commander Evans called the com- 
rades to order, and in a short speech, in which he bid all a most 
cordial and hearty welcome to this gathering of representative mem- 
bers of the Grand Army of Massachusetts, he happily introduced 
to the comrades the Governor of Massachusetts, George D. Robin- 
son, who, though not a soldier himself, was one whose heart beat 
in full sympathy with everything that pertains to the welfare of 
the soldier. 

The Governor received a most cordial welcome, was listened 
to with the closest attention, and was frequently heartily applauded. 
He said that it would have afforded him the greatest gratification 
if the honor of addressing the members of the Grand Army as the 
Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth had been assigned to seme 



216 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

one who was a member of the orgauizatiou ; but the gratitude he 
desired to express for the greeting he had received came from 
one who was not lacking in his appreciation of loyalty for those 
who had served their country. Private citizen though he was, he 
could not but feel that the Grand Army, in the selection of its 
officers, honored its private soldiers, for those that were great 
today sit tomorrow in obedience to those who are elected. Massa- 
chusetts Avould always appreciate her soldiers, and the time would 
never come when the Governor of the Commonwealth would not be 
proud to welcome them. Though it was not his privilege to take 
part in the civil strife, yet he recognized the men who did, and 
would always be glad to meet them. After expressing surprise 
that although the war ended twenty years ago the Convention 
seemed to be composed largely of young men, the Governor 
alluded to the work of the Grand Army of Massachusetts, which 
during its existence of seventeen years had expended upward of 
S600,000 in charity, and said that it Avas a most remarkable and 
a most honorable record. In eloquent words the Governor spoke 
of the inspiring memories of Faneuil Hall, whose walls still echoed 
with patriotism uttered by the patriots who had assembled therein, 
and pointing to the portrait of Webster making his great speech 
before the Senate of the United States, repeated the declaration 
of that statesman, "Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One 
and Inseparable." Though it was a grand sight when the soldiers 
of the country imperiled their lives for the liberty for which Web- 
ster contended, it was a still grander sight when at the end of 
four years of war they had laid down their arms and resumed the 
duties of citizenship. In conclusion the Governor paid a tribute 
to the power of the organization, the highest ideal of American 
citizenship, and he did not wonder that the affection between com- 
rades grew stronger as the years went on ; and in the hands of 
such men, he well knew that in the future, as in the past, the 
destiny of the Commonwealth would be safe. 

At the conclusion of the Governor's speech, a despatch was 
read from the Department of Vermont, then in session (in reply 
to one sent in the morning), congratulating the Department of 
Massachusetts upon its success ; also a congratulatory despatch 
from the Department of Illinois, to which the Assistant Adjutant- 
General was requested to reply. 

" His Honor Mayor Martin of Boston — a comrade of Post 
15" — was next introduced and received -with the utmost enthu- 
siasm. He expressed his pleasure as one of the members of the 
organization in being able to greet his comrades on behalf of the 
grand old city of Boston, which had always done and always would 
do much for the defenders of the country. Eeferring to the Gov- 
ernor's surprise at seeing so many young men present. General 
Martin said that the men who were middle-aged when they served 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 217 

in the army bad nearly all passed away, and only the younger 
soldiers were now left. He expressed the satisfaction he experi- 
enced in meeting with soldiers, and hoped that the members of the 
Grand Army would renew their interest in its work. 

Comrade John D. Billings, the newly elected Commander, 
made an earnest speech, in which, after referring to the growth of 
the Grand Army in Massachusetts, he congratulated his comrades 
on the fact that it had not 3'et reached the zenith of its prosperity, 
and spoke of the necessity of keeping up the standard of the 
Order, so that all soldiers not members would desire to get into 
the ranks. 

"The Speaker of the House of Representatives, and a Past 
Commander of Post 42," was the introduction given Hon. George 
A. Harden, who "broke the boys all up" b}' several facetious 
army stories, and then, alluding to the retiring Department Com- 
mander, said that his (Comrade Evans') wife w^ent to school to 
him, and there learned that Christian resignation that permitted 
her to consent to the absence of her husband for six months of 
the past year. Returning to a serious vein, he said that the Legis- 
lature was always ready to support the soldier element in anything 
that was just and proper. He paid a fine compliment to Mayor 
Martin, saying, " His guns today were served as faithfully in the 
interests of good government as they were in the olden days on 
the battlefields of Virginia." 

Past Department Commander George H. Patch responded 
for the Past Department Commanders, and at the conclusion of 
his speech called Commander P^vans to his feet, and in behalf of 
the comrades of the Department of Massachusetts, presented him 
with an elegant gold watch and chain. 

Commander Evans, in a voice choked with emotion, thanked 
the comrades for their kindly remembrance, and pledged the hest 
efforts of the remaining years of his life to the work of the Order. 

The watch is a heavy hunting-case Howard railroad time- 
keeper. On the outside is a facsimile of the outline of a Grand 
Army badge, with the monogram " G. S. E." engraved on it. 
Inside the case is the inscription : — 

Past Department Commander 
George S. Evans, 

FROM HIS 

Comrades of the Dept. of Mass., 

G.A.R., 

Jan. 318T, 1884. 

The chain is solid gold, of cable pattern, and the whole out- 
fit was encased in a neat and ornamental box. 



218 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



General Orders and Circular Letters. 
Series of 1883-4. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 
Grand Ahmy of the Republic, >- 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 
General Orders, \ Boston, Feb. 5, 1883. 

No. 1. i 

I. Having been elected and installed as Commander of this Depart- 
ment for the ensuing year, I hereby assume the duties and responsibilities 
of the office. 

II. Comrades : Never in the history of our organization have its 
prospects looked brighter than today. With a membership of over 12,000, 
and a surplus in our treasury, we have every reason to be grateful for 
the successes of the past two years. Yet, comrades, we must not rest 
here ; there are in our good old Commonwealth thousands of worthy sol- 
diers and sailors who have not associated themselves with our Order. 
To bring those within our ranks should be the first duty of every com- 
rade throughout this Department, I therefore appeal to all my comrades, 
whether wearing the official bar of office or simply the honorable badge 
of our Order, to interest themselves in this work. Place the record of 
our organization before them, explain the principles upon which it is 
founded and the good it has accomplished, and I believe that every man 
who fought for his counti'y will esteem it a privilege to associate him- 
self with the truly representative organization of the grand old army and 
navy that saved the republic 

III. I desire in this my first order to bring prominently before mj'' 
comrades of the Department the "Soldiers' Home in Massachusetts," 
an institution now in operation over six months, and a success in every 
sense of the word. A large number of our comrades have been and are 
being cared for under its roof. To assure its permanency it requires 
our united assistance Comrades, let us see to it that we leave nothing 
undone that will redound to its benefit. It was made possible by the 
Grand Array of the Republic, — we ivill make it permanent. 

IV. The following comrades are announced as the " Official Staff " 
of the Commander ; they will be obeyed and respected accordingly : — 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Alfred C. Monroe of Post 13, Brockton. 
Assistant Quartermaster-General, Chas. O. Fellows of Post 35, 
Chelsea. 

Inspector, Horace A. Sawyer of Post 5, Lynn. 
Judge Advocate, John L. Rice of Post 16, Springfield. 
Chief Mustering Officer, E. P. Gibbs of Post 9, Hudson 

V. After a continuous service of seven years as Assistant Adjutant- 
General, Comrade James F. Meech severs his connection Avith these head- 
quarters. As one who having several times served with him in various 
capacities, I hereby desire to express my high appreciation of his valuable 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



219 



services to this Departmeut, as a competent, faithful and interested officer, 
and I feel that I express the sentiments of my comrades throughout the 
Department when I wish him abundant success and Godspeed in any and 
all of his future undertakings 

VI. After Feliruary 10 the Department Headiiuarters will be at No. 
12 Pemberton Square, Room G. 

VII. All official correspondence must be signed by Post Com- 
manders, and addressed to the Assistant Adjutant-General, whose office 
hours will be from 9 to 12 and 2 to 4, except Sundays. Saturday after- 
noons the office will be closed at 3 o'clock. 



By command of 



GEORGE S. EVANS, 
Department Commander. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. 

General Orders, \ Boston, March 10, 1883. 

No. 2 f 

I. The following comrades are appointed on the Staff of the Depart- 
ment Commander, and they will be obeyed and respected accordingly : — 



aides-de-camp 



A. M. Lunt . . . 
Samuel A. Gushing 
Isaac M. Holt . . 
Frank P. Simonils . 
E. P. Jewett . . . 
George A. Fletcher 
Thos. L. OBrion 
Geo. W. Kenny . . 
Geo. H. Innis . . 
James Oliver . . . 
Harry Crosby . . 
Deniijs Meehan . . 
Daniel T. Duhig . 
E. C. Spofforrt . . 
Daniel F. Kilev . . 



East Cambridge. 

Doriliester. 

Quincv. 

Natick. 

Foxboro. 

IMllton. 

Boston 

Danvers. 

South Boston. 

Athol Centre. 

Holyoke. 

Boston. 

Cambridge. 

Peabody. 

Lawrence. 



John S. Beck . . . 

Justin B. Willard . 

Tho3. Swazej' . . . 

Fred L. Perry . . 

James A. Black . . 

Willard Y. Gross . 

Ivory R. Allen . . 

Oliver H. Ingalls . 

Theo. Leutz . . . 

S. Wells Hunt . . 

Wm. D. Wood . . 
Fred A . Washburn 

Charles Frazer . . 

Chas. M. Whelden . 

E. "W. Thompson . 



ISIedford. 

Worcester. 

Marblehead. 

Springfield. 

Silencer. 

Brookline. 

Chelsea. 

Franklin. 

Boston. 

Sandwich. 

Haverhill. 

New Bedford. 

Clinton. 

Pittsfield. 

Lowell. 



II. A list of officers elected at the Annual Encampment of this 
Department, held at Boston, January 29 and 30, appear in the Roster 
accompanying this Order. 

III. Posts making arrangements for camp-fires, fairs, etc., and 
desiring the presence of the Department Commander or his Staff, would 
do well to consult these head(|uarters before making dates. 

IV. As all blanks'for reports are now supplied to Posts free of cost, 
I trust there will be no delay in promptly making reports which are due 
April 1. 

V. Requisitions for badges that may be required for Memorial Da}' 
should be forwarded iraraediatel.v, that a supply may be obtained. 

VI. Comrades are warned against one Frank D. Harrington, a 
dropped member of Perley Post No. 37 of Laconia, N.H., who has been 
imposing upon and defrauding members of the Order in this Department. 

VII. The address is wanted at this ofl3ce of Lieut. Herbert Wads- 
worth, 28th ^Maine Infantry; any comrade of the 2d Mass. Heavy Artil- 
lery; Giles G. W. Johnson, Sergt. Company A, 19th ^lass. Infantry, and 
Corp. Arthur M. Davis, Co. A, 19th Infantry. 



220 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

VIII. The following new Posts have been organized since last Gen- 
eral Orders : — 

H. O. P. Sargent Post 152 of Essex, Timothy Andrews, Com- 
mander. 

Oilman C. Parker Post 153 of Wiuchendou, C. T. Stearns, Com- 
mander. 

IX. Herewith enclosed find slips embodying the changes made in 
the Ritual at the last National Encamjament. Post Commanders will see 
that they are carried into effect at once. 

X. General Orders, No. 8, and Circular from National Headquarters 
are herewith promulgated. 

By command of GEORGE S. EVANS, 

Official : Dejxcrtment Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. 
General Orders, 1 Boston, March 12, 1881. 

No. 3. / 

Comrades : For the second time we are called to mourn the death of 
a former Department Commander 

Comrade John A. Hawes of Post 1, New Bedford, and Commander 
of this Department in 1880, died at his residence, in Fairhaven, Mass., 
Saturday morning, March 10. 

In recognition of the faithful services he rendered our Order, and in 
remembrance of the great love he cherished for the principles of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, all Department and Post officers will, for 
thirty days from the date of the reception of this order, wear the usual 
badge of mourning upon the left arm and sword hilt when on duty, and 
the charter of each Post Avill be di'aped in mourning in honor of our 
departed comrade. 

By command of GEORGE S. EVANS, 

Official : Department Commander 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. 

General Orders, \ Boston, April 2, 1888. 

No. 4. ; 

I. The experiment of making a visit to Posts in the spring, tried 
last year, proved so successful, where the visits were made, that it has 
been thought best to continue the same this year. The following officers 
are hereby detailed to visit the Posts whose numbers appear against 
their names : — 

John D. Billings, Department Senior Vice-Commander . . 4, 13, 57, 68 
William A. Sloane, Department Junior Vice-Commander 38, 51, 131, 136 
James H. Wright, Medical Director 6, 14, 18, 43, 44, 80 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 221 

COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION 

Charles H. Parsons G7, 82, 106 

W. W. Scott 24, 37, 53, 64, 70, 135- 

Richard F. Tobin 6, 7, 23, 32 

J. Cnshins Thomas 36, 56, 72, 133 

Beuj. Pitman 34, 118, 152 

Charles O. FelloAvs, Assistant Quartermaster-General 2, 12, 21, 75, 90 

Horace A. Sawyer, Inspector 10, 15, 45, 49, 113 

John L. Rice, Jiulsje Advocate 41, 86, 125 

Edward P. Gibbs,^Chief Mustering Officer . . . 19, 20, 93, 123, 140 

AIDES-DE-CAMP. 

A. M. Luut 29, 33, 35, 132, 134, 141 

Samuel A. Cushiug 81, 76, 78, 94, 104 

Isaac M. Holt 74,83,98,111,112 

Fred. L. Perry 71, 85, 97, 107 

Harry Crosby 16, 84, 103, 147 

John S. Beck 30, 40, 69, 148 

Wm. D Wood 101, 108, 114, 151 

Frank P. Simouds 9, 22, 105, 142, 144 

Justin B. Willard 25, 28, 59, 77 

James Oliver 17, 109, 116, 150, 153 

Chas M. Whelden 79, 126 

Fred. A Washburn 46, 146 

Oliver H Ingalls 130, 137 

Daniel F. Kiley 42, 120 

E. W. Thompson 39, 99, 100 

Theo. Leutz 102 

S. Wells Hunt 8 

James A. Black 27, 61, 65 

E P. Jewett 1, 3, 55, 117 

Thos. L. OBrion 26, 58, 62 

Geo. A. Fletcher 63, 92, 121 

Thos Swasey ... 50, 89, 95 

E. C. Spofford 47, 91 

Chas. Frazer 48, 54, 96, 115 

Ivorv R Allen 11, 87, 139 

Geo. W. Kenny 66, 125, 128 

Geo H. Innis 60, 145, 149 

Dennis Meehan 88, 110, 143 

Daniel T. Duhig 81,119,138 

David Dunbar 52, 73, 124, 127 

These visits are for instruction and information, and should ])e made 
as soon as possible, at least before Memorial Day. It may be necessary 
to call special meetings of Posts in some instances. It is hoped that 
Commanders of Posts will aid the Department officers in this respect. 
Posts will be expected to exemplify the work of the Order, including 
Muster-in. Travelling expenses will be assumed by the visiting officers, 
therefore it is expected that all local expenses will be paid by the Post 
visited A report of these visits will be made at once to these lieadquar- 
ters on blanks provided for that purpose. 

II Comrade David Dunbar of Post oS, Weymouth, is hereby 
appointed as Aide-de-Camp to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation 
Ton account of sickness) of Comrade W. Y. Gross of Post 143, Brook- 
line 

III. The address is wanted at this office of Lieut Abner R Mott, 
Co. I, 21st Mass Inf., transferred to Co I, 36th Mass. Inf. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE S. EVAXS, 

A. C. Monroe, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



222 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, [- 

12 Pemrerton Sq., Koom 6. ) 



MEMORIAL DAY. 

General Orders, ") Boston, May 4, 1883. 

No 5. i 

Comrades : In accordance with our Rules and Resulations and Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 10, National Headquarters, Wednesda.y, May 30, will be 
observed as Memorial Day. 

The Posts of this Department are expected to make suitable arrange- 
ments for the proper observance of the day, inviting the public generally 
to participate with them upon this occasion Each and every comrade 
of this Department is expected to throw aside for this day the cares and 
labors of life, and devote himself to the decoration of the graves of his 
fallen comrades 

Let no comrade's grave be neglected. See to it that the flag, for 
whose honor they died, waves over eacli. Lay upon their graves the 
laurel and the rose, strew them with the buds and blossoms of spring, 
and tenderly cherish their memories and the sacrifices they made for a 
nation redeemed. 

From the memories that cluster around their graves bright creations 
spring up to light the pathway of the living, stimulating them to a 
nobler thought and a better life. For every loyal form that fell beneath 
the blood-red stroke of battle a hundred virtues rise in the shape of 
Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, to walk the world and bless it, and 
every tear that sorrow drops upon the graves of onr dead comrades upon 
Memorial Day sheds a sweet benediction upon the living Comrades, as 
you stand beside these honored mounds, vivid memories will arise of the 
ardent, brave, courageous and generous who lie beneath them. To 
those comrades life was dear, the ties of home sacred, the hopes and 
prospects of the future bright, yet moved by the purest patriotism, they 
voluntarily relinquished all for their country's honor. 

I confidently hope for such observance of the day as shall testify 
how revered are the patriotic dead, how sacred the cause in which they 
fell, and how under our banner of Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty we 
pledge ourselves anew to preserve their memories, and to faithfully 
guard the charges sealed to us by their precious blood. 

I would urge upon my comrades of this Department the necessity of 
discountenancing upon Memorial Day, every form of amusement, such 
as boat racing, dancing, etc., which seem to be growing up among us, 
and which are carried on by unthinking people. Refrain from them, 
denounce them upon all occasions as a sacrilege upon the day made 
sacred to the memory of those who died that this nation and country 
might remain undivided under a common fiag. 

Comi'ades will discontinue the use of the words "Decoration Day," 
which is a misnomer, and hereafter, upon all occasions use the words 
" Memorial Day," as per vote of the National Encampment at Baltimore, 
Md., June, 1882. 

By command of 

GEORGE S. EVANS, 
Official : Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 223 



:l 



IIkadquauters Depaktment of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic 

12 Pemberton Sq., Koom 6 

General Orders, \ Boston, May 15, 1883. 

No. 6 / 

I. General Orders, No. 11, aud circular from National Headquarters 
are hereby proinulijated. 

II. Comrades : — As we are nearing Memorial Day, and there seems 
to be at the present time a deep interest manifested in our Order 
throughout the State, I desire to appeal to all my comrades of this 
Department for a rencAved effort to bring within our fold every worthy 
and deserving soldier aud sailor of the Union. It is very evident that 
the Memorial Day exercises of this year will be of unusual interest, as 
the public generally have become interested, and the women and children 
are ready and anxious to lend a helping hand. Our old comrades in 
arms outside of our organization are looking on in astonishment at the 
enthusiasm created over the Grand Army of the Republic today, aud it 
seems to me that this is an opportune time to add to our membership, 
and to bring into our ranks those men who should be with us upon that 
day to pay their tribute of honor aud respect to their dead comrades. 
Every comrade can do something towards recruiting his Post; I there- 
fore ask that each comrade take this appeal to himself and do Avhat in 
him lies to the end that our organization may be strengthened and our 
ranks filled upon Memorial Day. 

III. Post Commanders will use every endeavor to have their com- 
rades in line upou that day, and thus show to the world that we at least 
have not forgotten the cause for which they died and the sacrifices made 
by our dead comrades. 

IV. Post Chaplains will forward to these headquarters a full 
account of the Memorial Day exercises of their Posts, also an account 
of the services held the Sunday preceding, in order that they ma\^ at 
some time be placed in proper shape. 

V. A new Post has been organized since the date of last General 
Order, viz : William II. Freeman Post 129, MUlville, John Ferguson, 
Commander. 

VI. The address of the following named persons is wanted at these 
headquarters, viz.: Capt. ,7ohn D. Brown, Co. B, 43d Regt., U.S C.T. : 
Lieut. H. Lee Clark, Co. H, 2d Mass. H.A ; Lieut. Perpeute, Co. E, 
2d Mass Cav. : Lieut. John T. Small, Co. A, 19th Mass. Inf. ; Capt. Rufus 
B. Plummer, Co. C, 20th Mass. Inf. ; Corp. Geo. Carter, Co. A, 21st Mass. 
Inf.; any comrade serving on U.S. Gunboat Nipsic in 18G4; names of 
two comrades of Co. A, 1st U.S. Art.; names of any two members of 
Co. II, 20th Mass. Inf.; Dr. McCall, Surgeon in charge of Mt. Pleasant 
Hospital, Washington, D. C, 18G4; also Dr. Fransau, Surgeon, same 
Hospital ; also the address of one Brewster, of the guards of 2d Div. 
Hospital supply train, in May, ISGl. 

VII. Post No. 5 of Lynn notifies these headquarters that John J. 
Mason is not in good standing in that Post, and is not worthy of 
assistance. 

Bv command of 

GEORGE S. EVANS. 
Ofiicial : Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjrttant-General . 



:l 



224 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic 

12 Pemberton Sq , Room 6 

General Orders, \ Boston, June 30, 1883. 

No. 7 / 

I. I wish to call the special attention of Post Commanders to the 
necessity for promptness in forwarding reports for the present quarter. 

The reports from tlie Department must he sent to National Head- 
quarters at Omaha by July 15, to entitle the Department to representation 
at Denver. In order to accomplish this, the reports from Posts must 
all be at these headquarters not later than July 10 I trust that Post 
Commanders will attend to this matter, and see that their reports are 
ready and forwarded at once. 

II. I Avould call the attention of Post Commanders to the necessity 
of carefully examining the reports before forwarding them, as much 
valuable time is lost in being obliged to return reports for correction. 
This can all be avoided by the exercise of a little care, and by following 
the instructions given on each blank form. All Posts from whom correct 
reports have not been received by the 15th of July will be reported in 
General Orders, in accordance with instructions frorh National Encamp- 
ment 

III. The following new Posts have been organized since last 
General Orders : — 

Martha Sever Post 154 of Kingston, Geo. H. Bonney, Jr., Com- 
mander. 
Marcus Keep Post 155 of Monson, Alvin A. Gage, Commander. 
James A. Perkins Post 156 of Everett, Wm. H. Dennett, Commander. 

IV. The address of the following named persons is wanted at these 
headquarters, viz.: — Any enlisted men of Co. H, 14th U.S. Infantry, 
engaged in the second battle of Bull Run, Aug. 30, 1862. Any member 
of the crew on U.S. Steamer Mi >ntg ornery ott" Wihnington, N.C., 1863 
and 1864. Two members of Co E, 13lh Mass. Infantry, who served in 
said company from July 2, 1861, to April 12, 1863, who knew James B. 
Dunn. Any two members of the 18th V R.C. stationed at Annapolis 
Junction in June, 1864. 

V. The findings and sentences of the court-martial of Benj T. 
Reed and Daniel O'Donovan of Post 5, Lynn, are hereby approved, and 
they are dishonorably discharged from the Grand Army of the Republic. 

VI. General Orders, No 12, and Circular from National Headquar- 
ters are hereby promulgated. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE S. EVANS, 

A. C. Monroe, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, \ 

Grand Army of the Republic, >■ 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 

[CIRCULAR.] 

Boston, Mass., July 10, 1883. 
The Department Commander, Assistant Adjutant-General and Dele- 
gates to the National Encampment will leave Boston on Wednesday 
evening, July 18, for Denver, Col., to attend the Eighteenth Annual 
Encampment. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 225 

Dnrinff the absence of the Assistant Adjutant-General, these head- 
cjnarters Avill be under the char<re of Asst. Q M -Gen. Charles (J 
Fellows, -whose office hours will be from 2 to o p.m., except Saturday. 

As most of the business and correspondence pertaininj? to' the 
Department will have to la,y over until the return of the Assistant 
Adjutant-General, I trust that comrades will ij:overn themselves accord- 
ingly, and make no request of these headquarters, except Avhat is abso- 
lutely necessary, until his return, which Avill be some time durin"- the 
week beginning August 5. " 

The office will be open as usual from 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m a 
young man being in attendance to furnish neci-ssary supplies. 

I would again urge upon Post Commanders, who have not already 
done so, the necessity of at once sending in their Quarterly Reports for 
the second quarter, as it is absolutely necessary that the' consolidated 
Report of the Department be made up before our departure for the 
National Encampment. 

Trusting that my comrades will be governed by the request of this 
Circular, 

I am yours in F , C. and L , 

GEORGE S. EVANS, 
Department Commander. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, V 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 

General Orders, \ Boston, Sept. 11, 188:5. 

No. 8. I 

I The Department Commander feels proud to be able to say to his 
comrades of the Department that Massachusetts was represented by its 
full delegation at the National Encampment at Denver, Colo., and that 
while smaller in numbers than some of the other Department.s, its influ- 
ence for good was the e<|ual of any Department represented. 

The Convention, as a whole, was a complete success, both in the 
transaction of the business regularly brought before it, and in the selec- 
tion of officers for the ensuing year. The reports of the various officers 
Avere full of encouragement, especially that of the Adjutant-General, in 
which he shows the wonderful gain in membership during the past year 
of 75,000 comrades. With a membership, July 1, of 180,000 comrades in 
good standing, we have every reason to be proud of our organization. 
The immense gains in the West should be an incentive for renewed 
action on our part to bring Avithin the ranks of our Order all the worthy 
and deserving soldiers and sailors of the Union, and I appeal to my 
comrades, from P>erkshire to the Cape, to l)uckle on the armor with a 
determination that our "glorious" Department shall be kept well up in 
the front numerically, so that in the next National Encampment it can- 
not be said that Massachusetts has been l)ehind in the advancement of 
our organization. 

The reception and entertainment of the delegates were all that could 
be desired. The G.A R. of Colorado, the citizens, the municipal authori- 
ties of Denver, and especially the State authorities, are deserving of our 
deep gratitude for the warmth of the reception, their many kindnesses, 
and the excellent opportunitv attbrded all of witnessing the wonderful 
scenery and advancement of the State of Colorado 

II. The New England delegation to the National Encami)ment 
adopted resolutions complimentary to the Chicago, Milwaukee .^t St. Paul 



15 



226 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



R.R., Avhich are so well deserved that they are herewith enclosed, with 
the request that they be read at the next Post meeting. 

III. I feel that I would be derelict in my duty were I to fail to 
express my high appreciation of the valuable services rendered this 
department during our absence by the Asst. Q.M -Gen., Charles 0. 
Fellows. The prompt and able manner in which lie discharged all the 
duties of the Assistant Adjutant-General's office, his coolness and deci- 
sion during the terrible suspense consequent upon the reported accident 
to our train (and for which he has been commended by so many of 
his comrades), deserves the gratitude of the comrades throughout the 
Department. 

IV. General Orders, Nos. 13 and 14, with circular from National 
Headquarters, with General Orders, No. 1, current series, are hereby 
promulgated. The above Orders Mere not received at these headquarters 
until August 9, hence the delay in sending them out. 

V. Correct reports from one hundred and fifty-one Posts of this 
Department, for second quarter ending June 30, were received at this 
office within the time allowed, for Avhich they have the thanks of the 
Department Commander. The remaining live Posts, viz , Post 20, Cole- 
rain ; Post 92, Brighton ; Post l;55, Shrewsbury ; Post 137. East Douglas ; 
and Post 150, Montague, are consequently announced in arrears for 
reports, in accordance with paragraph II , General Orders, No. 7, from 
these headcjuarters. It is to be hoped that a repetition of this report 
will not be necessary. 

VI. The following new Posts have been organized since last 
General Orders : — 

Elrridge B. Pii'er Post 157, Walpole, Geo. E. Craig, Commander. 
Capt. E. T. Dresser Post 156, Housatonic, Wm. McDonald, Com- 
mander. 
John A. IIawes Post 159, East Boston, Flavel ShurLleff, Commander. 

VII. The addi'ess of the following named pei'sons is wanted at 
these headquarters: Any member of Co E, 9th Mass. Infantry; Lieut. 
Henry G. Morey, Co. D, ioth Mass. ; Sergeant James Gibson, 13th Mass., 
afterwards Adjutant, 59th Mass. ; Lieut. Duett C. Clark, Co. F or M, 3d 
Mass. Cavalry; Capt. Marsh A. Fei-ris, Co I, 30th Mass. 

VIII It is the desire of the Trustees of the "Soldiers' Home in 
Massachusetts " that the Sul)Scription Cards issued to the Posts of this 
Department be returned to the Treasurer as soon as possil)le. 

IX. The flndings and sentences of the court-martial of James W. 
Cranshaw of Post 47, Haverhill, and John J. Mason of Post 5, Lynn, are 
hereby approved, and they are disjhouorably discharged from the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE S. EVANS, 

A. C. Monroe, Department Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Department of Mass.\chusetts, ) 
Grand Army of the Republic, - 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 
General Orders,"! Boston, Oct. 10, 1883. 

No. 9. ; 

I. The new National Countersign having been forwarded to Post 
Commanders, it should be promulgated at the next Post meeting onh/ to 
members in good standing. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 227 



II. Comrade E. P. Gibbs, Chief Mustering Officer, having tendered 
his resignation, on account of removal from the State, the same is hereby 
accepted. The Commander cannot part vpith Comrade Gibbs without 
expressing his gratitude for the prompt, faithful and earnest manner in 
■which he has performed all duties devolving upon him, and for the deep 
interest he has always taken in the welfare of the Department. Hoping 
that in his new field of labor he ma.y find a bright and prosperous future, 
and realizing fully that our Department's loss will be Michigan's gain, 
we bid him a hearty God-speed. 

III. Aide-de-Camp A. M. Lunt is hereby appointed Chief Mustering 
Officer of the Department. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

IV. The Department Inspector has completed his arrangements for 
the fall inspection. Commanders of Posts will render the Inspecting 
Officers all the assistance possible in the discharge of their duties. It 
may be necessary to call special meetings of Posts in some instances. 
Posts will be expected to exemplify the work of the Order, including 
Opening and Muster-in. Travelling expenses Avill be assumed by the 
Department, therefore it is expected that all local expenses will be paid 
by the Post inspected A report of these inspections Avill be made at 
once to these headquarters on blanks provided for that purpose. 

The following comrades Avill inspect the new Posts assigned to them : 
S.V.C. John D. "Billings, Post 159 ; J.V.C. Wm. A. Sloane. Post 160; 
A.Q.M.-G. C. O. Fellows, loC ; Inspector H. A. Sawyer. i7; Chief Mus- 
tering Officer A. M. Lunt will inspect the Posts formerly assigned to his 
predecessor; Aides-de-Camp Samuel A. Cushing, 154; F. L. Perrv, 155; 
Justin B. Willard, 129; C. M. Whelden, 158; OTa. lugalls, 157. 

Assistant Inspectors Avill enter upon their Avork immediately, in order 
that every Post in the Department may be inspected by the first of 
December. They will forward their reports to these headquarters as 
soon as possible after inspections. There must not be a Post neglected 
this year. Assistant Inspectors who cannot perform their Avhole duty 
"Will notify these headquarters in due season. 

V. The National Council of Administration having made large con- 
tracts by which the prices of supplies have been reduced, the Department 
Commauder feels pleased to ])e able to announce that these head(|uarters 
will hereafter furnish badges at 60 cents each, Rules and Regulations at 5 
cents per copy, and applications for membership at the rate of 50 cents 
per hundred. 

I would suggest that the price of the badge now be charged in the 
muster-in fee, and that the badge presentation, which is most significant 
and impressive when properly done, be adopted by the Posts of this 
Department. This service adds greatly to the value of our honorable 
badge. The reduction in the price of Rules and Regulations should war- 
rant the presentation of a copy to each comrade upon his becoming a 
member of the Order. Lack of knowledge of these rules has frequently 
caused misunderstanding in Posts. The price of applications for mem- 
bership having been reduced one-half, Post Commanders should see to it 
that there is always a sufficient supplj' on hand. 

VI. The following new Post has been organized since last General 
Order : — 

Alanson H.\milton Post 160, West Brookfleld, J. G. Warren, Com- 
mander. 

VII. The address of the following named persons is wanted at 
these head(iuarters : Wm. Nichols, Jr., Surgeon 3d Mass. Heavy Artil- 
lery, or George E Piukham, Assistant Surgeon same regiment; Sergeant 
25th Mass Infantry who had charge of Camp Pickett near Newburn, N.C., 
in the spring of i865; John A. Urich, Private, Co. K, 15th N J. II. A.; 



228 HISTORr DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Capt. John McDonald, 13th Invalid Coi'ps, Camp Berry, Portland, Me. 
Any member of Co. F, 24:th Mass., between October, 18C1, to June, 1864:. 
VIII. The findings and sentence of the court-martial of Michael 
Ford of Post 58, Weymouth, are hereby approved, and he is dishonorably 
discharged from the Grand Army of the Republic. 

By command of 
Official: GEORGE S. EVANS, 

A. C. Monroe, Dejxirtment Commander. 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, \ 

Grand Army of the Republic, [^ 

12 Pemuerton Sq , Room 6. ) 

General Orders, "I Boston, Nov. 20, 1883. 

No. 10. / 

I. The Department Commander desires to draw the attention of 
Post Commanders and Quartermasters to the matter of suspended mem- 
bers. The first quarter of this year showed a suspended membership of 
•463; second quarter, 4"J6 ; and the third quarter, 429. The Commander 
feels that this is far in excess of what it should be, for in looking over 
the suspended lists he finds the names of many comrades who would feel 
badly if they knew they were suspended, and Avho would cheerfully pay 
their dues upon solicitation to do so. He would therefore impress upon 
Commanders the necessity of seeing to it that Quartermasters do their 
Avhole duty in this matter. While he desires a strict compliance with the 
Rules and Regulations in the matter of suspensions, he is satisfied that 
the number can be greatly reduced if the Quartermaster makes a special 
eflfort to collect the dues, and he trusts that such an eftbrt will be made 
this (juarter, in order that we may make a better showing Jan 1, 1884. 
While our Department is making a steady and healthy gain in member- 
ship, we should realize that every suspended member is one lost. 

II. For several years past the number of recjuests for special assisn- 
ment of installing officers has been on the increase, and on many occa- 
sions the re<]uests are made so late that the assignments cannot be made. 
The Chief Mustering Officer desires to comply with all reipiests made iu 
this direction, and would urge upon Posts having a particular choice iu 
this matter, the necessity of making early application to these headquar- 
ters for such details. It would be well to make the selection the night 
the officers are elected or as soon thereafter as possible. 

III. A year's supply of blank Adjutant's and Quartermaster's reports 
with envelopes have been sent to each Post Commander. If the same 
have not been received, notice should be sent to these headquarters with- 
out delay. 

IV. Attention is called to the election of Post officers, delegates 
and alternates to the Department Encampment, one delegate and one 
alternate for every fifty members reported in good standing for third 
quarter ending September 30, with one additional for more than one-half 
that numl^er, but every Post, whatever its membership, shall be entitled 
to one delegate. This election mnst be held at the ^lirst 7'egular meeting 
in December. Herewith enclosed find lilank credentials for reporting 
the same; one copy only is to be forwarded to this office. 

V. The address of the following named persons is wanted at these 
headquarters : — 

Patrick Gately, 69th New York Infantry; any members of Co. F, 7th 
Maine Regiment, who served from '61 to '63, who knew Wm. Folteeu of 



EIGHTEENTH ANKUAL ENCAMPMENT. 229 

said company; Benj T. O. Snow, Quartermaster Serjeant Co. B. 1st 
Mass. Cavalry; the Surgeon at Point Lookout from '62 to T>4- Henry 
Barnes, Surgeon 54th Mass. Infantry; Capt. Charles G. Chipman, Co. D 
54th Mass. Infantry. ' 

VI. A badge was found in Boston having engraved thereon the 
name of John McDermott, Co. H, 5th Ohio, which the owner can have by 
applying to Capt. John I) Miller, Commander of Post 29, Waltham, and 
proving property. 

VII. A badge of personal valor presented by Congress to one who 
served in the Navy has been found, which the owner can have by calling- 
at these headquarters and proving property. " 

VIII. The findings and sentence of the court-martial of V. P. Park- 
hurst of Post 109, East Templeton, are herebv approved, and said Park- 
hurst is dishonorably discharged from the Grand Army of the Repul)lic. 

By command of 

GEORGE S EVANS, 
Official: Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, ^ 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room G. \ 

Boston, Dec. 1, 1883. 
[CIRCULAR,] 

Through the courtesy of the Directors of the Foreign Exhibition in 
Boston, an invitation has been extended to the Posts of this Department 
to visit the exhibition free of charge. In accordance with this invita- 
tion, the Department Commander has assigned Wednesday, December 
12, as Grand Army Day, Avhen all comrades in good standing, appearing 
in uniform or with G.A.R. badge, will be admitted free during the day 
and evening. 

Arrangements are also being made for a reduction of fares on the 
ditterent lines of railroads, and it is safe to sav that a irenerous reduction 
will be made on the majority of the lines, if not upon all 

Posts accepting this invitation, and who Avill attend in a body in the 
evening, are requested to notify these head(iuarters at once, iii order 
that proper assignment may be made, giving the probable number of 
comrades that will attend. It is the desire of the Department Com- 
mander that such Posts march to the Fair in a bodv. Posts will there- 
fore report to the Assistant Adjutant-General, whose headquarters will 
be near the centre gate of the Charles Street ALall, on Boston Common, 
immediately upon their arrival on the ground, when they will be assio-ned 
their positions in line. " "^ 

The column will leave the Common promptly at 7.15 o'clock, p.m. 
Posts unable to reach the Common by that hour will i)roceed direct to 
the Fair on Huntington Avenue. 

By command of 

GEORGE S. EVANS, 
umcial : Department Commander 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant AdnUant-General . 



230 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 1 

Grand Army of the Republic, > 

12 Pemberton Sq , Room 6. J 

General Orders, \ Boston, Dec. 26, 1883. 

No. 11. i 

I. General Orders, Nos. 6 and 7, from National Headquarters, are 
hereby promulgated. 



II. Comrades: Since the last General Orders death has visited our 
Department, and removed from our midst one of our best knoAvu and 
most highly respected Fast Department Chaplains, Comrade the Rev. 
Warren H. Cudworth, of Joseph Hooker Post No 23. By his death 
the Department of Mass. G.A R. and every soldier of the Commonwealth 
has lost one of the most genial, devoted and charitable friends. Whether 
as Chaplain of that gallant regiment, the First Massachusetts, in which 
he took so much pride, or at the side of that noble old soldier, Gen Joe 
Hooker, whom he loved so dearly, he was ever ready to extend a helping 
hand and a kind word to his comrades when opportunity offered. His 
large-heartedness, his generosity to the needy and destitute, his uniform 
kindness to soldiers of every grade and condition, endeared him to 
every member of our organization. During the past year he had become 
thoroughly interested in our Soldiers' Home, and had conducted the 
Sunday services on several occasions, much to the gratitication of the 
inmates and of all concerned, and we had hoped that in the future he 
might have been one of the bright rays of sunshine that would make 
glad the hearts of those who were sorrowing or sulfering in that noble 
institution. As a soldier. Comrade Cudworth was universally loved and 
admired; as a citizen, he was esteemed and respected by all classes ; and 
as a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and its Department 
Chaplain, he had won the affection and admiration of every comrade with 
whom he had become associated. His record on the field was a glorious 
one. Upon his return home, he resumed his chosen profession, and it 
can be truly said of him, " He died in the service of his Master." 

"Tender and loving and hot tears flow 
For the kindly and loyal heart laid low; 
But ever calm and sweet is the sleep 
Of him, whom God and the angels keep." 



III. The following named comrades are hereby detailed as Master- 
ing Officers, and will install the officers of the Posts Avhose numbers 
appear against their names : — 

George S. Evans, Department Commander, Cambridge, 21, 10, 60, 68, 

102 
John D. Billings, Department S V Commander, Cambridgeport, 10, 94, 

159 

W. A. Sloane, Department J.V. Commander, Spencer 37 

Richard F. Tobin, C. of A., South Boston 23,56,57,63 

Alfred C Monroe, A.A.G , Boston 13, 26 

C. O. Fellows, A.Q M.-G , Chelsea 156 

A. M. Lunt, Chief Musteriug Officer, East Cambridge . . 33, 66, 132 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 231 

J. G. B Adams, Past Department Commander, Lynu 50 

Geo. H. Patch, Past Department Commander, South Framingham . 30 

Edward W. Rhodes, Attleboro 133 

F. O. Barnes, Chelsea 35 

Geo U. Vinal, Scitiiate 31 

A. A Smith, Colerain 93 

Hawks Fearing, Ilingham 104 

Geo. C. Joslin, South Boston 5 

John S Beds', ]Medford 4, 12 

George R. Pierce, Shelburne Falls 20 

Oliver H. Ingalls, Franklin 130 

J. Frank Dalton, Salem 34, 82 

C. H. Richardson, Lowell 42 

John A. Pratt, Quincy . . 88 

Geo. L. Goodale, Medford 120 

S. T. Chamberlain, Gardner I53 

J Albert Blake, Danvers 90 

Charles Hardy, Stoueham 75 

H. S. Bunton", Hyde Park 121 

H. T. Bingham, Manchester 152 

E. P. Simpson. South Framingham 142 

T. C. Lucas, Taunton . . . " 3 

Chas. A. Tenney, Sterling 59 

Galan HoUis, Randolph 110 

Geo. T. Fayweather, Westboro 96 

W. S. Frost, Marlboro 43, 80 

Henry P. Woodbury, Beverly . 89 

Geo. H. Innis, South Boston 149 

A. AV. Wells, Adams 126 

A W Fulton, North Adams 79 

Wm. M. Olin. Roxbury ... 11, 18 

Andrew J. Smith, New Bedford 1 

James Noonan, Lawrence - 100 

Charles H. Leonard, Plymouth 76 

Harry Crosby, Holyoke . . 147 

John Scates, South Boston 7 

Wm. R. Vinning, South Abington 78 

Theo. L. Kelly, Boston .... 2, 15 

S. J. Fowler, Brookfield 38 

Benj. Pitman, Marblehead 128 

Geo. H. Walker, East Douglas 105 

E. P. Clark, Westfield . ^ 103 

P. Allen Lindsley, Cambridge 36 

Benj. A. Bridges, Holliston 6 

Chauncey Morse, Millbui'y 70 

Alex. Smart, Merrimack 114 

R. W. Rand, Orange . 140 

David L. Hodges, Dedham 144 

Samuel A. Gushing, Jr 98 

Chas. Grey, Athol 150 

A. M. Tilton, Haverhill 47 

L. C. Lane, Waltham 29 

W. E. Day, Georgetown 108 

Wm. H. Seymour, Charlestown 134 

IV. The Commanders of the above indicated Posts will communi- 
cate at once Avith their mustering ofticers, giving time and place of 
installation. In case the comrade designated above for any Post cannot 



232 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

be present, and where uo comrade has been detailed by the Chief Mus- 
tering Officer, any National or Department officer or past Post Commander 
(in his own Post) in good standing (except the retiring Commander) may 
act. In no case will the officers of any Post be installed until all reports 
and dues have been forirarded (See page 51 of the Service Book.) 

V. Blank bond for Post Quartermaster is hereby forwarded to each 
Post. Blank credentials have been furnished, on which the return of 
election of Post Commanders, Delegates and Alternates is to be made. 
It is hoped that Commanders who have not forwarded a copy already 
will do so at once, in order that the Roll Call for the Department Encamp- 
ment may be completed. 

VI At the coming session of the Department Encampment, which 
will be held in this city, January 30 and 31, it is proposed to have a bau- 
quet at the close of the meeting. Distinguished comrades and citizens 
will grace the occasion with their presence, and give words of cheer. In 
order that the committee may work understandingly. Commanders of 
Posts are desired to send immediately to this office, on the enclosed card, 
the names of comrades of their respective Posts who Avill purchase tick- 
ets to the above entertainment, at an expense not to exceed $1.00. Only 
500 tickets can be issued, on account of the capacity of the hall. 

VII. The addresses of the following named persons are wanted at 
these headquarters : Joseph Jule;/ or Feter Beethern, who served on U.S. 
bark Midnight^ U S. Navy, who came north on prize schooner Di't}/; any 
member of Co. D, ISth Mass. Regt., present at the battle of the Wilder- 
ness, May 5, 1864 

VIII. The comrades of this Department are cautioned against giv- 
ing assistance to a well dressed man, calling himself C. C. Curtis, claiming 
to be a past commander of a Post in Peoria, 111. He is a flrst-class fraud. 
Said Curtis is well posted in G.A R. work, is about forty years old, florid 
complexion, auburn hair and moustache, weighing about 180 lbs. Look 
out for him! The Commander of the Post at Peoria says: "No such 
man ever belonged to this Post, and there never was a Post named ' Mans- 
field' in Peoria." 

By command of 
A. M. LuNT, GEORGE S. EVANS, 

Chief Mustering Officer. Department Commander. 

Official : 

A. C Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, ) 

Grand Army of the Republic, - 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 

General Orders, / Boston, Jan. 15, 1884 

No. 12. f 

I. The Annual Encampment of this Department |for the election of 
Department Officers, and for the transaction of such other business as 
ma.y properly come lief ore it, will be convened in Faneuil Hall, Boston, 
on Wednesday Evening, January 30, at 7 o'clock, and be continued Thurs- 
day, Jan. 31, at Tremont Temple. 

Posts are entitled to the following ratio of representation : One 
delegate for every fifty members reported in good standing, Sept. 30, 
1883, with one additional for a final fraction of more than one-half 
that number; but each Post, whatever its numbers, shall be entitled 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 233 



to at least one delegate. Post Commanders are members of the 
Encampment by virtue of their office, but in the absence of the Com- 
mander, the Senior "Vice-Commander may represent the Post, or in the 
absence of both, the Junior Vice-Commander may act. 

II. Immediately after the adjournment of the Encampment a ban- 
quet will take place at P'ancuil Hall, to which have been invited some of 
the most prominent comrades of our Order, as well as many of our most 
distinguished citizens. The price per ticket has been set at $1 00 and as 
only 500 can be issued, it is absolutely necessary that delegates desiring 
them send in their names, through the Post Commanders, to these head- 
quarters immediately. 

III. The Commander of Post ;30, Cambridgeport, will detail an 
Officer of the Day, an Officer of the Guard, and six comrades for guard 
and other duty during the Encampment The Officer of the Day, Avith 
his detail, will report to the Assistant Adjutant-General, at Faneuil Hall, 
at G P.M., on the 30th, for instructions. 

IV. The Trustees of the Soldiers' Home are desirous that comrades 
and friends visit the Home at any time. They especially desire that all 
members of the Encampment and comrades visiting this city at that 
time will reach Boston early enough on Wednesday, 30th instant, to 
visit the Home during the day. Free transportation will be furnished 
to all comrades desiring it, upon application at these headquarters. 

V. The address of some shipmate who Avas on board the U.S. 
steam gunboat Gennesxee, Avhich sailed from Boston July 5, 1862, is 
wanted at these headquarters. 

By command of 

GEORGE S. EVANS, 
Official : Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

12 Pemberton Hii , Room 6. 

Boston, Jan. 23, 1884. 

* [SPECIAL CIRCULAR.] 

At the Annual Encampment of this Department, to be held in 
Faneuil Hall, Boston, on Wednesday Evening, January 30, to be con- 
tinued Thursday, January 81, at Tremont Temple, it is hoped there will 
be a large representation, not only of Post Commanders, and delegates 
or alternates, but all officers of Posts ; and while the floor of the Hall 
will be devoted to the members of the Encampment, the galleries will be 
free to all comrades who may give the National countersign to the 
guard. 

The same plan of admission to the Encampment will be enforced as 
last year, viz : 

I. A Red Ticket for each Department Officer and Past Department 
Commander entitled to a seat in the Encampment. The coupon to be 
surrendered at the door, where the National countersign will be 
demanded by, and given to the guard. 

II. A White Ticket for each Post Commander whose Post has 
made complete returns, and is therefore entitled to representation at 
this meeting. This ticket is not transferable, except under the following 
circumstances : If a Post Commander is unable to be present, the Senior 



234 HISTORY DEPT. OP MASS., G.A.R. 



Vice-Commander may represent him, and in case neitlier the Post Com- 
mander nor Senior Vice-Commander can be present, the Junior Vice- 
Commander may attend. The coupon will be given np at the "door, 
where the National Countersign will be given to the guard. 

III. A Blue Ticket for each Delegate according to the representa- 
tion the Post is entitled to in accordance with the Rules and Regulations. 
If the delegate to whom the ticket is addressed is unaljle to attend the 
Encampment, he may erase his name, and assign the same to his or any 
other regularly elected alternate, whose name should be plainly Avritten 
on the back of the ticket and coupon. The latter will be surrendered at 
the door, where the National countersign will be demanded by, and 
given to the guard. 

The above tickets are herewith enclosed to the comrades that are 
in good standing. The coupons will be taken up at the evening session 
(the 30th), and the ticket proper at the session on the 31st. Com- 
manders of Posts will, without delay, communicate the above infor- 
mation to their delegates and the comrades of the Post. 

At the close of the Encampment on the 31st, Thursday, at 3 p.m., a 
banquet will take place in Faneuil Hall His Excellency Governor 
Robinson and other gentlemen distinguished iu civil and military life 
will be present. 

All banquet tickets engaged will be reserved and delivered to the 
Commander or representative of each Post Wednesday the 30th, at 
Department Headquarters, or at Faneuil Hall in the evening, and also at 
Tremont Temple before noon the 31st. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

A. C. MONROE, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6 



;1 



General Orders, ) Boston, Mass., Jan. 24, 1884. 

No. 13. f 

Comrades : As the year for which I was elected Department Com- 
mander is fast drawing to a close, and as there are thousands of com- 
rades in the Department Avhom I will proljably never meet again, I 
desire in this my last General Order to bid all an artectionate farewell. 
I desire also to heartily congratulate the Department upon its exceed- 
ingly prosperous condition, upon the good will and harmony which pre- 
vails within its ranks, and upon the very gratifying results of the year's 
work, as will be shown by the reports of the Department Officers to be 
presented at the Annual Encampment. 

The year has been one of active, unceasing and determined work, 
and I am happy to say that its results have not been barren, for the 
Department will show by far its greatest strength, as well as its largest 
expenditure for charitable purposes. 

And now, comrades, as I am about to retire from the proudest 
position of my life, the Commander of our noble organization in this 
State, I bid those whom I shall not meet at the Encampment an official 
farewell. I thank all for the generous confidence, kindly greetings and 
many courtesies received during the year, and as I shall once more take 
my place in the ranks of an organization of which I am proud to be even 
the humblest member, I shall carry with me the happy remembrance of 
many of the most pleasant meetings of my life 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 235 

Comrades, let me bespeak for my successor, whoever he may 
be, that same cordial and hearty support which I have received at all 
times and upon every occasion. Let us renew our obligations to the 
Order, pledging ourselves to rencAved interest in our Department, 
which is today almost a legion strong, and which in the seventeen 
years of its existence has ever been true to the principles upon which 
it has been founded, —fraternity among comrades, kindness and care 
for the needy and distressed, and loyalty to country. It has ever been 
united in good works, never vacillating from the lofty principles which 
should govern us, and we now stand secure in the estimation of the 
public throughout the Commonwealth, and recognized as a pow'er and 
an institution throughout the land. 

I am, comrades, yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

GEORGE S EVANS, 

Department Commander. 



236 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ROSTER 

Department of Massachusetts, G.A.R. 
1883. 



Elected. 

George S. Evans, Commander .... Cambridge. 

John D. Billings, Senior Vice-Commander . Canton. 

William A. Sloane, ./MJiior Vice- Commander, Spencer. 

James H. Wkight, Medical Director . . . Natick. 

John W. Lee, Clhaplain "Wakefield. 

Council of Administration. 

Charles H. Parsons Gloucester. 

W. W. Scott Worcester. 

Richard F. Tobin South Boston. 

J. Gushing Thomas Boston. 

Benj. Pitman Marblehead. 



Official Staff. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General 
Chas. O. Fellows, Assistant Q.M.-General 
Horace A. Sawyer, Inspector .... 
John L. Rice, Judge Advocate .... 
E.F. GiBBS, Chief Muster iuff Officer 



12 Pemberton Sq., Room G, Boston. 

12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6, Boston. 

Lynn. 

Springfield. 

Hudson. 



Aide s-de- Camp. 



A. M. LUNT, 

Samuel A. Gushing, 
Isaac M. Holt, 
Frank P. Simonds, 
E. P. Jewett, 
Geo. a. Fletcher, 
Thos L. OBrion, 
Geo. W. Kenny 
Geo. H. Innis, 
James Oliver, 
Harry Crosby, 



East Cambridge. 

Dorchester. 

Quincy. 

Natick. 

Foxboro. 

Milton. 

Boston. 

Danvers. 

South Boston. 

Athol Centre. 

Holyoke 



Dennis Meehan, 
Daniel T. Duhig, 

E. C. SrOFFORD, 

Daniel F. Kiley, 
John S. Beck, 
Justin B. Willard, 
Thos. Swazey, 
Fred L. Perry, 
James A. Black, 
Willard Y. Gross, 
Ivory R. Allen, 



Boston. 

Cambridge. 

Peabody. 

Lawrence. 

Medford. 

Worcester. 

Marblehead. 

Springfield. 

Spencer. 

Brookline. 

Chelsea. 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENXAMPMENT. 



237 



Oliver H. Ingalls, 
Theo. Leutz, 
S. Wells Huxt, 
Wm. D. Woon, 



Aides-de- Camj) ( Contin ued) . 



Franklin. 
Boston. 
Sandwich. 
Haverhill. 



Fred A. Washburn, 
Charles Frazer, 
Chas. M. Whelden, 
E. W. Thompson, 



New Bedford. 
Clinton. 
Pittsfield. 
Lowell. 



Bepresentatives to National Encampment. 



delegate-at-large. 
Jajies F. Meech, Boston. 



delegates. 



Wji. H. Hart, 
Wji. M. Olin, 
Andrew C. Stone, 
Chas. S. Anthony, 
Thos. J. Ames, 
W. H. H. Emmons, 
Hartwell S. French, 
Chas. M. Whelden, 
W. S. Frost, 
c. h. coburn, 
Thos. H. Hill, 
J. Payson Bradley, 



Chelsea. 

Boston. 

Lawrence. 

Taunton. 

Leominster. 

East Boston. 

Lynn. 

Pittstieia. 

Marlboro. 

Lowell. 

WoViurn. 

South Boston. 



alternate- at-large. 
M. R. Greeley, Weymouth 



ALTERN.\TES. 



Andrew F. Smith, 
A. A. Seaverxs, 
Geo. G. Bailey, 
g. m. horton, 
G. H. Smith, 
E. C. Spofford, 
Philip H. Creasey, 
A. B. Went worth, 
Myron p. Walker, 
Benj. a. Hathaway, 
Geo. W. Nason, 
Geo. W. Powers, 



New Bedford. 

North Scituate. 

Hyde Park. 

Attleboro. 

Holyoke. 

Pea body. 

Newburyport. 

Dedham. 

Belchertown. 

Plymouth. 

Franklin. 

Boston. 



Past Department Commanders. 



Austin S. Ccshman, 
Francis A. Osborn, 
A. B. Underwood, 
♦James L. Bates, 
George S. Merrill, 
John G. B. Adams, 
A. B. R. Sprague, 



New York. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Weymouth. 

Lawrence. 

Lynn. 

Worcester. 



William Cogswell, Salem. 
John W. Kimball, Fitchbui-g. 

Horace Binney Sargent, 

Salem. 
*JOHN A. Hawes, Fairhaven. 

George W. Creasey, Newburyport. 
George H. Patch, So. Framingham. 



* Deceased. 



238 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Lofcau Rodman 
Dahlsren 



W. H. Bartlett .. 

U. S.Grant 

General J.ander. 



P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell 



E. W. Pierce . 



Reno 

George H. Ward . . 

Abraham Lincoln. 



H. M. AVarren 

Fletcher Webster . 



C. C. Phillips 

John A. Andrew . 



E. K. Wilcox. 



General Sedgwick. 
Colonel Prescott . . 
Edwin V. Sumner. 
H. S. Green leaf... 
Friedrieh Hecker. . 



Maj. E. F. Fletcher 
Joseph Hooker 



A. B. R. Sprague... 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson 

Charles Devens 

George D. Wells . . . 
F. P. H. Rogers ... 



William II. Smart. 
George W. Perry. . 
Washington 



Burbank 

Phil. II. Sheridan . .. 
Theodore Wintlirop. 

Francis Gould 



F. A. Stearns. 

Dexter 

Needham. ... 



Gen. II. G. Berry. 

Lyon 

B. F.Butler 



John A. Rawlins . . 
G. Wesley Nichols 

Colonel Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 



George S. Boutwell , 
A. W. Bartlett ... . 
Union 



No. 



Town. 



COMMANDEE. 



New Bedford . 
South Boston . 



Taunton. 
Melrose. . 
Lynn. ... 



Holliston . 
Boston 



Middleboro 



Hudson . . . 
Worcester. 



Charlestown. 



Wakefield 
Brockton. 



Ho))kinton 
Boston 



Springfield . 



Orange. ... 
Ashland... 
Fitchburg . 
Coleram. . . 
Boston 



Milford 

East Boston. 



Grafton , 

Uxbridge 

Roxbury 

Oxford 

We.-^t Boylston 
Waltham 



Cambridgeport 



Scituate , 



South Boston . 



Woburn . 
Salem ... . 
Chelsea . 



Arlington 



Spencer. . . 
Brookfield 
Lawrence. . 



Maiden .. . 
We^-tfleld. 
Lowell .. . 



Marlboro .. 
Fayville . . . 
Gloucester. 
Fall River. 
Haverhill.. 



Ayer 

Newburyport. 
Peabody 



James L. Wilber 

Geo. C. Joslin — ) 

175 K Street I 

Joshua W. Brewer 

•lames Pope 

Chas. H. Baker 1 

Box 23 ) 

Daniel F. Travis 

A. E. Perkins I 

'22 'o Walpole Street i 

F. E. Wood ( 

Box 442 \ 

Rufus Howe 

Will. I^. Robinson \ 

13 IMechanics Street ) 

Zoeth R. Knowles I 

77 Pearl Street ( 

S. B. Dearborn 

Geo. A. Grant I 

Box 443 \ 

T. N. Drawbridge 

Dennis Linehan 1 

Custom House ) 

James O. Smith j 

56 High Street i 

R. W.Rand 

John II. Balcom 

James Cuthburt 

David W. Snow 

Theodore Leutz \ 

8 Williams Court | 

Geo. L. Maynard 

Wm. H. H. Emnnms. . . 1 
48 Eutaw Street j 

Jas. W. McKinzie 

E.J. Hill 

Charles H. Hovev 

John A.Taft 

W. L. G. Haskins 

John G. Miller ) 

Box 439 ( 

Horace J. Gray ( 

Bristol Street i 

A. A. Seaverns \ 

Norih Scituate ! 

A. C. Belcher 

Boston Post-Ottice \ 

J. H. Canton 

Albert .1. Lowd 

Chas. O. Fellows ( 

Savings Bank i 

JohnH.Hardv I 

'23 Court Street ) 

Geo. L. Smith 

J. A. Josselvn 

Wm. D. Curtis ... ( 

73 Haverhill Street S 

W. W. Sampson 

Chas. H. Ciark 

Geo. H. Richardson. . . . ) 
204 Bridge Street I 

E. C. Marsh 

S. F. Draper 

Charles H. Parsons 

John H. Abbott 

Wm. H. Johnson ) 

Rear 108 Washg'ton St. ) 
John (^ A. McCollester. . 

•Tohn A. Bean 

Wm. H. Hildreth ( 

Box 173 



Night of 
Meeting. 



Wednesday 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

Saturday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Monday 

Thursday 

Wednesday 

Friday 

2d and 4th Wed. 

Alter. Fridays 

Wednesday 

Monday 

1st and" 3d Sat. 

1st and 3d Sun. 

Wednesday 

2d and 4th Tues. 

2d and last IMon. 
1st and 3d Tues. 
1st and 3d Mon. 
1st and 3d Tues. 
1st and 3d Fri. 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Mou. 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Thursday 
Tuesday" 

Thursday 

lstand4thThurs. 

1st and SdThurs. 
1st and 3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

1st and 3d Thurs. 
2d and 4th Tues. 

Thursday 

Ttiesday 
Monday. 
Thursday 
Thursday 

Tuesday 
1st Thursday 
Friday 

Monday 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



239 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



so. 



Ezra Batcheller. 
A. B. Randall. .. 



Charles H. Stevens. . . 
C'apt. C. S. Hastings. 
I. D. Paull 



Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis. 
Reynolds 



Major J. A. Pratt. 

Franklin 

Nathaniel Lyon . . 

Charles Ward 

Gen. Wadswortli.. 

E. 1). Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 



J. P. Rice 

Georfte A. Custer. 
Kiljiatrick 



A. St. John Chambre.. 

McPherson 

Hartsuff. 

J. P. Gould 

Collingwood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

W. L. Baker 

Gen. S. Thayer 

Paul Revere 

J. H. Chipman, Jr 

Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn 

Ozro iNIiller 

Revere 

Gen. E. \V . Hinks 



Joe Johnson 

E. J.GriKgs 

Henrv Bryant 

Gen. W. F. Bartlett... 

William B. Greene 

Charles Sumner 

Huntington F.Wolcott 

Otis Chaiiman 

E. Humphrey 

J. ( )rson Fiske 

O. W' . Walla«e 

L. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson 

Capt. Horace Niles 

J. E. Simmons 



D. Willard Robinson. . 112 



Town. 



North Brookfield 
South Easton 

Leominster 

Berlin 

Taunton. 

Cambiidge 

East Cauihridge. 
Weymouth 

Sterling 

Franklin 

Webster 

Newton 

Natick 

Clinton 

Warren 

Medford 

Manchester 

Dorchester... . 

W'estminster 

Milllmry 

Holyoke 

Stonghton 

Abington 

Rockland 

Stoneham 

Plymouth . , 

Holden 

South Abington. 
North Adams . 

Westboro 

Watertown 

Marblehead 

Hanover 

South Deerfleld. 

Ware . 

Northampton ... 
South liraiutree. 

(iuincy 

Beverly 

Danvers 

Foxboro 

Brighton 

Shelburne Falls. 

Canton 

Saugus 

North boro 

Belchertown 

Cohasset 

Andover 

Methuen 

Groveland 

Milton 

Chicoiiee 

H Ingham 

I'pton 

Rockport 

I'almer 

Georgetown 

East Templeton . 

Rjindoljih 

Pembroke 

South Scituate.. 



COMMAXDF.a. 



John S. Cooke 

Ellis R. Holhrook ) 

(Cochesett) ( 

INIadison Reals 

John L. Bruce 

Simeon T. Wilber ( 

Whittenton Mills i 

Daniel T. Duhig 

J. K. Capelle 

Benj. S. l.ovell ) 

East Weymouth ( 

Edward F. W^inn 

Oliver H. 1 ngalls 

E. P. Morton 

W.A. Wetherliee 

Frank P. Simonds 

Lou is L. Stone 

Henrv C. Bruce 

Johns. Beck 

Henry T. Bingham 

Herbert S. Cole I 

4.59 Washington Street \ 

E. S. Kendall 

Rodney D. Loomis 

liarry Crosby / 

Box 4.1.3 ( 

Lysander Wood 

A. H. Wright 

Isaac Hopkins 

R. K. Brown 

Alonzo H. Perry 

Isaac Damon. . .". 

Timothy Reed 

Peter Snyder 

Geo. T. Faveweather 

H . W. Martin 

Wm. H. Brown 

W. R. Howes 

Dexter F. Hager 

Geo. S. Marsh 

W. C. Pomeroy 

Henrj' A. Monk 

Isaac M. Holt 

James Maguire 

P. H. O'Connell 

A. L. Bundy 

Benj. F. Saiidborn 

G. li. Pierce 

Alexander R. Holmes 

James H. Boyce ) 

East Saugus \ 

D M. Railey. 

Geo. M. Abbey ... 

Chas. A. Gross 

Peter D.Smith 

Ernest Wagner 

W. ^y. Ray 

Geo. A. Fletcher 

Charles H. Tracy 

W. H. Thomas 

Albert Davis 

Eugene R. Prior 

Wm. Holbrook 

E.P.Wildes 

B. F. French 

Wm. A. Croak 

Henry H. Collamore... I 

North Pembroke \ 

T. B. Chapman ( 

Ridge Hill 



Nir.HT OF 

Meeting. 



Thursday 

2dandlastThur9. 

2iland4thThurs. 
1st and 2dTues. 

Monday 

Monday 
Wednesday 

IstaudSdTues. 

1st Saturday 
■-'d and 4th Jilon. 
2(1 and 3d Fri. 
1st andSdThurs. 
Tuesday 
1st and'l'.d Fri. 
1st and :id Wed. 
2d and4thTues. 
Friday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Alternate Sat. 
1st and od Mon. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

Monday 

Monday 

Wednesday 

1st Saturday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

1st Wednesday 

1st and 3d Moh. 

Monday 

Last Tuesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

2dand4thThurs. 

1st and 3d Fri. 

Friday 

Thursday 

Thursday 

Jlondav 

2d and '4th Tues. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and .id Wed. 

2d and lastThur. 

2d and 4th Fri. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st Mondav 

2d and 4tirMon. 

1st Friday 

Friday 

Thursdav 

2d and 4th 'Wed. 

Thursday 

1st Thursday 

Friday 

Monday 

3d Wednesday 

2d and last Tues. 

1st Thursdav 

1st and 3d Fri. 

1st Saturday 

2d and last Mon. 



240 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 


KG. 

113 

114 
115 
116 
117 
118 
119 
120 

121 
122 
123 

124 
125 
126 
127 
128 
129 
130 
131 

132 
133 
134 

135 
136 

137 
138 
139 
140 
141 

142 

143 
144 
145 
146 

147 

148 
149 

150 
151 
152 
153 


Town. 


Commander. 


Night of 
Meeting. 




Boston 


E. H. Richards ( 

5 Green St. i 

Charles O. Roberts 

M. P. Palmer 


2d Wednesday 


Col. C. R. Mudge 




1st and 3d Fri. 




1st Saturday 


T>. G.Farragut 




S. T. Chamberlin 

Wm. F. Gould 


1st Wednesday 
2d Tuesday 


Meclfield 


James L. Bates 

George G.Meade 

James A. Garfield — 

Timothy Ingraham . . . 
E P Wallace 


Swainpscott 


INIonday 

2d Thursday 


John N. Morse 

Chas. F. Urann 1 

290 Lincoln Street ( 

Lemuel B. French 

L. F. Currier 

James Oliver, Jr ) 

P.ox 110, Athol Centre J 
W H Osborne 






Hyde Park 

Amesbury 

Athol Centre 

East Bridgewater. . 
Pittsfleld 


1st and 3d Mou. 
Monday 




2dand4thThurs. 

1st Thursday 
1st and 3d Mon. 


Justin Dimick 

W. W. Rockwell 

George E. Sayles 


Chas. M. Whelden 

L. H Smith 




Alternate Sats. 




Charles A twood 


2d Saturday 


Gen. James Appleton. 

James H. Sargent 

George H. Thomas 

Charles Chipman 

Geo. H. Maintien. ... 
Robert A Bell 






Wednesday 
IstandSdThurs. 




Henry A. Walker 

Jerome Bottomly ; 

Cherry Valley i 

S. W.Hunt 

Wm.H. Wade 






Sandwich 


2d and 4th Tues. 

1st Saturday 
Monday 

Thursday 

2d and last Wed. 




John D. N. R. Powell. ) 
5 Anderson Street i 

Hammond W. Paige 

Edward W.Hubbard.. 1 

West Rutland ( 

Geo. H. Walker 


E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall 


Shrewsburj^ . 


East Douglass 

West Acton 


1st Monday 
Thursday 


Isaac Davis 






Chas. F. King 


1st and 3d Mon. 


Hubbard V. Smith 


Athol. 


W E. Jacquith 


Wednesday 
1st and 3d Sat. 

2dandlastThur. 
3fl Monday 




David H. Crowell 1 

Chathamport I 

Charles H. Fuller i 

South Framingham f 
T. W. Clements 








Brookline 


Chas. W. Carroll 


C. A. Tal't 


2(1 Fridav 




Fred L. Le Barron 

Charles H. Harrison. . . / 

187 Elm Street ( 
U. C. Comins ) 

North Hadley \ 
Wm. A. Snow 


2d and 4th Mon. 


Robert G. Shaw 


New Bedford 


3d Thursday 
\ Tues. on or 


A D Weld 


Winchester 

Charlestown 

Montague 

West Newbury 

Essex 

Winchendon 


1 bef . full moon 
2d and 4th Mon. 


Major G. L. Stearns. . . 


Wm. H. Seymour ( 

470 Main Street ) 

F. A. Fisk 

Ephraim Bailev 


Friday 

2d and 4th Fri. 




2d and 4th Sat. 


O. H. P. Sargent 

Oilman C. Parker 


Timothy A ndrews 


Wednesday 








JOHN D. BILLINGS, 

1884-85. 



JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 

Department of Massachusetts, G.a.R. 

HELD AT 

Boston, i88^. 



JANUARY 29— EVENING SESSION. 

The Annual Meeting of the Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Faneuil Hall, Bos- 
ton, Jan. 29, 1885, in compliance with General Orders No. 
12, from Department Headquarters, and was called to order at 
7.45 P.M., by Department Commander John D. Billings. 

Past Commanders were invited to seats upon the platform. 

The Officer of the Day reported all present members of the 
Order. 

Prayer was offered bv the Department Chaplain, Rev. 
Richard Eddy, D.D. 

The Department Commander declared the Encampment 
opened in due form, and appointed the following Committee on 
Credentials, viz., the Assistant Adjutant-General, W. W. Scott 
and Edward McKay of the Council of Administration, Samuel A. 
Cushing, Jr., Department Inspector, and Aide-de-Camp W. A. 
AVetherbee. 

On motion of Comrade Charles B. Fox of Post 68, the read- 
ing of the records was dispensed with. 

Assistant Adjutant-General A. C. Monroe read the follow- 
ing despatch : — 

Akkon, 0., Jan. 29, 1886. 

The representatives of thirty thousand comrades of the Department 
of Ohio, in Annual Encampment assembled, send fraternal greetings to 
the comrades of the Department of Massachusetts. 

H. P. LLOYD, 
Department Commander. 

16 



242 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

By vote of the Encampment, the Assistant Adjutant-General 
was instructed to respond. 

Past Commander-in-Chief Paul Van Dervoort of Omaha, 
Neb., and Past Department Commander James Tanner of Brook- 
lyn, N.Y., were escorted to the platform amid a storm of 
applause. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment . 554 

Number present 439 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 14 

Past Department Commanders 6 

Post Commanders 130 

Delegates 289 

Total 439 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



243 



DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT, 
i88^. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 

Commander John D. Billings. 

Senior Vice- Commander John W, Hersey 

Junior Vice- Commander Richard F. Tobin. 

Medical Director James Oliver, Jr. 

Chaplain Rev. Richard Eddy. 

Council of Administration. 

W. W. Scott. J. Gushing Thomas. John McDonough. 

Edward McKay. Charles H. Tracy. 



Official Staff. 
Assistant Adjutant- General . . . . 
Assistant Quartermaster-General . . 

Inspector 

Chief Mustering Officer 



Alfred C. Monroe. 
Thomas E. Barker. 
Samuel A. Gushing, Jr. 
Geo. II. Bonne y, Jr. 



Past Department Commanders. 



Austin S Gushman. 
John G. B. Adams. 
George H. Patch. 



George S. Merrill. 
George W. Creasey. 
George S. Evans. 



[Only the names of comrades present are given.] 

Post 1. Commander Fred A. Washburn, Freeman C. Luce, Nathaniel 
H. Greene, Geo. P. Gifford, Chas. T. Buri;ess. 

Post 2. Commander Arthur Neilson, J. Payson Bradley, John H. 
O'Donnell, Georse H. Innis, William F. Clarke. 

Post 3. Commander Albert M. Clark, Henry D. White, Geo. E. Dean, 
Gustavus T. Fisher. 

Post 4. Commander Edwin C. Gould, John E. Marshall. 

Post 5. Commander George C Neal, George D. Stiles, Thomas Peytor, 
John L. Parker, Horace A. Sawyer, William H. Brown, 
Charles H. Waitt, Albert A. Davis, Charles Lloyd, Alex- 
ander S. Wright, H. F. Seger, Cromwell L. l\\\\\ Charles 
H. Stratton, William J. Pike, (ieorge D. Hart, Lewis O. 
Kirk, Israel Buffington, John Macfarlaue. 

Post 6. Commander Daniel F. Travis, Wm. Birch. 



244 




Post 


7. 


Post 


8 


Post 


9. 


Post 


10. 


Post 


11. 


Post 


12. 


Post 


13. 


Post 


14. 


Post 


15. 


Post 


16. 


Post 


17. 


Post 


18. 


Post 


19. 


Post 


20. 


Post 


21. 


Post 


22. 


Post 


23. 


Post 24. 


Post 


25. 


Post 


26. 


Post 


27. 


Post 


28 


Post 


29 


Post 


80 


Post 


31. 


Post 


32. 


Post 


33. 


Post 


34. 


Post 


35. 


Post 


36. 


Post 


37. 


Post 


38. 


Post 


39. 


Post 


40. 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Commander Jeremiah Wakefield, Albert S. Buswell, E. B. 

Meehan, A. E. Perkins, George B. Pratt, Thad. Chnrcbill, 

Dennis Meehan. 
Commander A. P. Vanghan, C A. Howes. 
Senior Vice-Coraraander Chas. G. Brigham, Sanborn O. Howe, 

William H. Trow. 
Commander Wm. L. Robinson, S. F. Babbitt, J. K Chnrchill, 

C. N. Walker, T. S. Jenks, Jotham E Bigelow, Harlan 

Fairbanks, Thos. O'Gara, George A Blunt, C. W. Putnam, 

J B. Lamb, James F. Meech. 
Commander Thomas H. Haskell, Joseph W. Hill, Isaac W. 

Derby, Zoeth R Knowles. 
Commander Arton S. Atherton, Oliver Walton, R. F. Draper, 

Wm N. Tyler, John W. Lee. 
Commander Geo. A. Grant, Benj. O. Caldwell, Chas. E 

Tribou, Samuel J. Wade. 
Commander N. H Houghton, T N. Drawbridge. 
Commander John A. Keefe, Eleazer B. Loi'ing, Thomas Lang- 
Ian, George W. Powers, Oliver Downing, W. H. H. 

Andrews, G. B. Hutchinson. 
Senior Vice-Commander Charles H. Allison. N E. Abbott, 

F. L. Perry, E. F Cross, E. W. Lathrop, N Smith, John 

Baker, C. R Kaplinger, J. L. Knight, Geo Smith 
Commander Albert L. Barrett, H. W. Kidder. 
Granville C. Fiske. 
Junior Vice-Commander Alphonso March, Richard Tucker, 

John D. Littlehale, B. M. Merchant, James R. Hamilton 

D. W. Snow. 
Commander Theodore Leutz. 

Senior Vice-Commander Joseph Hancock, Thomas Coyne, 

Henry M. Fisher. 
Commander Lyman W. Clark, J. C. Littleflekl, Samuel M. 

Weale, I. U. Holbrook. 
Georse W. Hastings. 

E. J.' Hill 

Commander John E Killian, Hiram A Wright, William M. 

Olin, C W. C Rhoades. 
Senior Vice-Commander Orrin B. Chaft'ee, Fred G. Hyde. 
Commander J. E. Anderson, Geo. B Johnson. 
Commander William D. Newland, H. P. Ballard, Nelson F. 

Bond 
Commander Samuel Hall. John W. Walker, P. Allen Lindsey, 

John Kinnear, E. J. Dolau. 
Commander A. A Seaverns, George W. Wilder 
Commander W. J. Blake, W. S. Calif. 
Commander Loring J. Hammond, Albert P. Barrett, Thomas 

H. Hill. 
Commander Samuel Worcester, Albert J. Lowd, John O'Con- 

nell, Mark Heathcote, Alonzo D Buxton. 
Commander Ivory R Allen, George W. Marsh, Henry T. 

Holmes, F. O. Barnes, James T. Lakin, George E. Hussey, 

Harrison Hinckley,, Dennis O Brine, John C Loud 
Commander Horace D. Durgin 
Senior Vice-Commander Hiram Chase, C. N. Hancock, Henry 

Bemis. 
E D. Goodell. 
Commander James J. Stanley, George H. Flagg, J. Leroy 

Lamprey, Daniel F. Kiley, James E. Shepard, David 

Crockett, A W. Belcher, A. E. Holt 
Commander J P. Litch, Samuel Derby, T. Griffin. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



245 



Post 41. Commander E. R. Levj', T. Manu. L. B. Walkley, C. C. 

Westover. 
Post 42. Commander Frank B. Peabody, M. N. Peabody, Geo. H 

Richardson, J. L. Lavidieson, Charles H. Richardson, 

E. \V. Thompson, H. VV. Allen, J. P. Maxfield. 
Post 43. Commander J. R. McCrillis, W. S. Frost, E. C Marsh, J. W. 

Barnes. 
Post 44. Commander A. P. Greenongh, S. F. Draper. 
Post 45. Commander William H. Cross, Charles H, Parsons, Sidney 

Gardner, Albert C Andrews. 
Post 46. Commander John II. Abbott, John M. Deane, James Corcoran, 

John E Foulds, Frank McGraw, Henry Ogden. 
Post 47. Commander William H. Johnson, John Jackson, Thomas M. 

Arnold, Jared M Davis, Walter Goodrich. 
Post 48. Commander Francis Lovejoy. 
Post 49. Commander J. Albert Mills, Thos. E. Cntter, Philip H. 

Creasey, Lnther Carter, Chas. J. Cntter, Leroy G. Weston. 
Post 50. Commander George F. Barnes, Frank E Farnham, Sidney C. 

Bancroft. 
Post 51. Commander John S Cooke, Chas. H Deyo. 
Post 52. Not represented. 

Post 53. Commander Clesson Kenney, T. A. Hills, J. J. Bailey. 
Post 54. Commander John L. Bruce, Fred Miller. 
Post 55. George Allen. 
Post 56. Commander Dexter Jewett, Thomas W^entworth Higginson, 

John Read. 
Post 57. Commander Charles O. Welch, J. F. Capelle, A M. Lunt, J. S. 

Kenny. 
Post 58. Commander Benj. S. Lovell, John M. Whitcomb, Charles W. 

Hastings, Geo. A. Cushing, Francis A. Bicknell. 
Pt)ST 59. Senior Vice-Commander Warren E. Burpee, George W. Rock- 
wood. 
Post 60 Commander William E Nason, William M. Comey. 
Post 61. Wilbur F. Sanford, R L. Day. 

Post 62. Commander W. A. Wetherbee, J. Torrey Swett, D. A. Conant. 
Post 63. Commander Daniel E. George, Frank P. Siraonds, Charles P. 

Currier, Daniel W. Ricker. 
Post 64. Commander Wm. Lourie, Louis L. Stone, Jeremiah Stuart. 
Post 65. Commander Robert P Bestick, F. H. Moore, Amos Bliss. 
Post G6. Commander Samuel G. Jepson, John S. Beck, Geo. L. 

Good ale. 
Post 67. Senior Vice-Commander Ezra Stanley, R C. Allen 
Post 68. Commander Charles D Stiles. C. B Fox, L Moulton, Jr., 

E. F. Snow, H. E. Greenwood, E. C. Whitney. 
Post 69. Commander Joseph A. Wetherbee, Ilobert Raymond. 
Post 70. Commander Joseph Packard, C. F. Bowen. 
Post 71. Commander Wm H. Abbott, Jeremiah J Callannan, Peter J 

Donnelly. 
Post 72. Commander George W. Pratt, Thomas Blanchard. 
Post 73. Commander .\ug. H. Wright, B. S. Atwood. 
Post 74. Commander Elisha T. Ilarvell, William B Seavey. 
Post 75. Commander S. L. CoUey, John Best, C. B. Carlin. 
Post 76. Commander Benj. A. Hathaway, A. Oliver Brown, John 

Shannon. 
Post 77. Not represented. 
Post 78 Commander Wm II. Gurney, Andrew C. Brigham, Samuel 

Foster, James E. Bates. 
Post 79. Commander Orsin Dalrymple, John D Follett, George H. 

Kearn 
Post 80. Senior Vice-Commander Wm. C. Penniman, F. W. Bullard, 

David Chase. 



246 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 


81. 


Post 


82. 


Post 


83. 


Post 


84. 


Post 


85. 


Post 


86 


Post 


87. 


Post 


88. 


Post 


89. 


Post 


90. 


Post 


91. 


Post 


92. 


Post 


93. 


Post 


94. 


Post 


95. 


Post 


96. 


Post 


97. 


Post 


98. 


Post 


99. 


Post 


100. 


Post 


101. 


Post 


102. 


Post 


103. 


Post 


104. 


Post 


105. 


Post 


106 


Post 


107. 


Post 


108. 


Post 


109. 


Post 


110. 


Post 


111. 


Post 


112 


Post 


113. 


Post 


114. 


Post 


na. 


Post 


1)6. 


Post 


117. 


Post 


118. 


Post 


119. 


Post 


120. 


Post 


121 


Post 


122. 


Post 


123 


Post 


124. 


Post 


125. 


Post 


126 


Post 


127. 


Post 


128. 



Senior Vice-Commauder Charles W. Smith, B H Dow. 
Commander Joseph Bartlett, Benjamin A. Phillips, John B. 

Graves, Jr., Jacob W. Coffin. 
Samuel Hollis. 

Senior Vice-Commander Charles Sanderson 
Commander George S. Marsh, Frank P. Clark. 
Commander William C. Pomeroy, J. B. Parsons, John Keach, 

H M. Abbott. 
Commander Henry A. Monk, William L Gage. 
Commander Charles A. Follett, George A. Ordway, William 

P. Martin. 
Commander John Manners, J. H. Kendall, Henry B. Wallis, 

Fred A. Wallis. 
George W. Kenney, Joseph W. Haynes. 
Seth Talbut. 

Commander Alva J. Wilson, B. F. Sanborn. 
Commander George R. Pierce, E. F Gillett. 
Commander Jonathan Lintield, Alexander K. Holmes. 
Commander Phiueas H. Nonrse, Geoi'ge W. Gale. 
Commander Josiah Proctor, Junior Vice-Commander Plinny 

Sargent. 
Commander Albertus W. Morse, Myron P. Walker. 
Commander Charles A. Gross, Daniel B. Lincoln. 
Commander George W. Chandler, Peter D. Smith. 
Commander John S. Tapley, Junior Vice-Commander John 

Mlnnehan. 
N. E. Ladd. 

Commander George A. Fletcher, J. Walter Bradlee. 
Senior Vice-Commander Wm. C. Tracey, Benj. F Tucker. 
Commander Charles H. Wakefield, William S. Whiton. 
Junior Vice-Commander D. C. Haviland, H. E. Taylor. 
Commander Thomas F. Parsons, Walter G. Peckham. 
Commander Charles Upham, J. H. Smith 
E. P. Wildes. 
E. Wyman Stone. 
N. H Tirrell, Galen Hollis. 
Not represented 

Commander G A. Ayliug, David Bosford 
Commander Augustine Sanderson, Aug. N. Sampson, J. C. 

Cook. 
Senior Vice-Commander Michael P. Brew, Charles O. 

Roberts. 
Commander M. P. Palmer, Thomas Gilson. 
Commander Z. Sawtelle, James Dodwell. 
Not represented. 

Commander Peleg Gardner, J. I. Adams. 
Commander Charles T. West, George D. Harrington. 
Commander Woodbridge W. Tuttle, B. F. Freeman, H. M. 

Potter, H. J. Davis, John Bobbins. 
Commander G. G. Bailey, Jr., W. C. Eustis, L, B. French, 

H. S. Bunton. 
Commander Charles L. Tucker, Frank I. Snell. 
Commander Samuel N. Gould, Chas. Gry. 
Commander E. E. Edson, F. M. Kingman. 
Commander Oliver L. Wood, William Mink, William F. H:n- 

rington, William H. Chamberlin. 
Commander E. N. Jones, G. H. Lewis. 
Commander Edward Pendleton. 
Junior Vice-Commander Henry P. Boynton, Nathaniel Shats- 

well, William A. Stackpole. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



24; 



Post 


129. 


Post 


130. 


Post 


131. 


Post 


132 


Post 


133. 


Post 


134. 


Post 


135. 


Post 


18(). 


Post 


137. 


Post 


138. 


Post 


139. 


Post 


140 


Post 


141. 


Post 


142. 


Post 


143. 


Post 


144. 


Post 


145. 


Post 


146. 


Post 


147. 


Post 


148. 


Post 


149 


Post 


150. 


Post 


151 


Post 


152. 


Post 


153. 


Post 


154 


Post 


155. 


Posr 


150. 


Post 


157. 


Post 


158. 


Post 


159. 


Post 


160. 


Post 


161. 


Post 


162. 


Post 


163. 


Post 


1G4. 


Post 


165. 


Post 


166. 


Post 


167. 


Post 


168. 


Post 


169. 


Post 


170. 


Post 


171. 


Post 


172. 


Post 


173. 


Post 


174. 


Post 


175. 


Post 


176. 


Post 


177. 


Post 


178. 


Post 


179. 


Post 


180. 



Commander Lawrence Gibney, Wm. F. Byrne. 

Commaucler Ileury A. Walker, George II. Drake. 

Commander Franklin M. Lamb, Henry Bisco. 

Peleg T. Brown. 

Commander Wm. H. Wade, Albert W. Burton. 

Commander Benjamin Phenix. 

Senior Vice-Commander H. M. Ross, C. J Nourse. 

Geo. A. Brown. 

Not represented. 

Commander Charles B. Sanders, Charles W. Parker. 

Commander James F. Davliu, Charles F. King. 

Commander W. H. Heustis, L. H. Sawin, W. E. Jaquith. 

Commander Geo N. Mnnsell, C. H. Packard. 

Commander John W. Kirby, Geo. A. Reed. 

Commander William E. Long, W. Y. Gross. 

Commander Charles C. Nichols, Henry W. Weeks, J. Varanm 

Abbott. 
Commander Geo. L. Jillson, E. S. Horton, M. O. Wheaton. 
Commander George T. Fisher. 

Commander F. W. Sloan, H. H. Goodell, B. R. Franklin. 
E. B. Stillings 

Commander Daniel W. Thompson, Horace S. Flagg. 
Commander Jason Mann, E. L. Colson. 
Not represented. 

Commander Charles E. French, Wm. Howe Burnham. 
Commander Levi Boswith, G. Q. A. Bryant. 
Commander Frank C. Hill, Caleb E. Bailey. 
Geo. E. Fuller 

Commander Darius Hadley, R. H. Jenkins. 
Commander Joseph C. Maddigan, Nathan W. Fisher. 
Herbert C. Joyner. 

Commander Flavel Shurtlefl', C. H. Trask, L. II. Dutton. 
Commander Edwin Wilber, W. H. Perkins 
Commander Charles H. Harding, M. T Allen 
Commander Edward E. Barnard, Thomas W. Burnham. 
Commander C H. Fuller, D. P. Howard, E. S. Wheeler. 
Commander Charles C Burdett, Gordon H. Johnson. 
Commander Benj. A Sawyer, Lawrence Bradford. 
Commander Clarence E. Ware, Joshua A. Loomis. 
Ebenezer Noyes. 
Commander Geo. W. Corey. 
Commander Austin E. Pratt, William Taylor. 
Commander Francis Drake, Geo, H Chapin. 
Not represented. 
Not represented. 
Commander John H Harrison. 
A. Smedley. 

Commander H. M. Nash, H. S. Nourse 
Commander Edwin D. Hutchinson, James W. Knox. 
Commander D. M. Wilcox, J. H. Casey. 
Not represented. 
Pliny H. Babbitt. 
Commander Geo. P. Howe, E. J. Bartlett. 



The nest business was the reports of the Department officers, 
commencing with the address of the Department Commander 
John D. Billino;s, as follows : — 



248 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

ADDRESS OF 
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER JOHN D. BILLINGS. 

Comrades : One of the most dismal pictures preserved to us 
in the annals of this country is presented in the figure of that 
aged Spaniard who turned his back on the comforts of home and 
his native land, and wandered for months in the wilderness of 
the Bahamas, vainly seeking for a fountain whose waters were 
reputed to possess the power of imparting immortal youth to all 
who should drink of them. Had the war-scarred veterans of 
Ferdinand and Isabella been banded together in an organization 
like the Grand Army of the Republic, in whose ranks old Ponce 
de Leon might have obtained membership in that medi;eval time, 
I am sure that he would have then attained the much coveted 
end, and not have finally died, as he did, a disappointed, broken- 
hearted old man. For however much the wrinkling cheek and 
silvering hair and faltering tread may seem to contradict this 
assertion, I appeal to you, veterans, to declare whether, way 
down in your heart, you do not ' ' feel just as young as you used 
to be " ; and T do not know of any circumstance having a stronger 
tendency to make you so than the recurrence of this repre- 
sentative gathering from our " magnificent Department," as 
Commander-in-Chief Kountz calls it. And to you, comrades, 
some of whom it was ni}' pleasure to meet on similar occasions 
as early as 1869 and 1870, assembled in this, the Nineteenth 
Annual Encampment of the Order, in this Department, I extend 
my most sincere and cordial greetings. 

While my membership in the Grand Army of the Republic 
has always been a source of great pride and delight to me, I 
should not be loyal to the promptings of my own heart, or 
especially to this sturdy and patriotic old Commonwealth, out of 
whose loins I sprang, did I not confess to being doubly proud 
and doubly delighted that my membership is cast, and, God will- 
ing, always will be, in the Department of Massachusetts. 

It is the fortune of this State to have been the birthplace or 
the cradle of many great and fruitful ideas. But it was reserved 
for the soldiers of the West to evolve the scheme which has 
resulted in this Order, in whose magnificent and still increasing 
membership we rejoice today. But while such was the case, and 
while it is also true that Massachusetts was not in on the ground 
floor of its beginnings, yet from the time that she placed her 
name on the master roll of Departments, from the time when she 
flung her colors to the breeze, which she did with a pride whose 
infancy was cradled in Boston and Lexington, and whose man- 
hood inscribed its valor in telling chnracters on the ugly front of 
Rebellion, from 1861 to 1865, she has held them proudly aloft. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 249 

and bore them in the ver}' van, year after year, while the Hags of 
the founders Avere trailing in the dust, or hanging listlessly by the 
staff. For this and other reasons it is that, during the years 
which it has been ni}' honor and privilege to be one of your 
representatives at headquarters, 1 have confidently declared, on 
all suitable occasions, that, as a Department of the Grand Army, 
Massachusetts stands without a peer. 

For the information of at least half the comrades represented 
on this floor, a few facts of a general character in relation to the 
Order, more particularly in this State, may not wholly fail of 
appreciation, and may possibly have some slight interest to all. 

It is quite generally known by comrades long in the Order 
that the Grand Army was founded b}' Dr. B. F. Stephenson, in 
the spring of 186(i, with the doctor as Provisional Commander- 
in-Chief, having his headquarters at Springfield, 111. The first 
National Convention was held November 20 of the same year at 
Indianapolis. Neither Massachusetts nor an}' other of the New 
England States seems to have been represented there, although 
Post 1 of New Bedford and Post 2 of Nantucket were then in 
existence. This Department was born at Pittsburg, Pa., where, 
at a Convention called in that city in 1866, as representatives of 
the soldiers and sailors of Massachusetts, our comrades, Devens, 
Banks, Cushman and Quint, were formally but quietly initiated 
into an Order coming from further West, at a hotel. General 
Devens was afterwards made Provisional Department Com- 
mander, which office he soon transferred to Comrade A. S. 
Cushman, our first Department Commander. 

The Provisional Department of Massachusetts was organized 
April 24, 1867, and the permanent Department, May 7 of the 
same year, being the tenth organized in the order of time. Since 
that date her representatives have participated in all the National 
Encampments, and have wielded a powerful influence in giving to 
the Order the comparative perfection of organization which it has 
assumed. It was inseparable from the nature of things that she 
should exercise this influence : first, because she stepped at once 
to the head numerically, which position gave her the largest dele- 
gation in our chief council; this lead she maintained till 187!); 
second, because among the pioneers were men who had the best 
interests of the Order at heart, and who devoted themselves to 
strengthening it at every vulnerable point; third, because it was 
favored in having at headquarters two such comrades as Assistant 
Adjutants-General, for a series of years, whose enthusiastic zeal, 
systematic labor and talent for thorough organization have laid, 
not only this, but every other Department in the country, under 
enduring obligations. For I am confident that only those who 
have noted the character of the work done in other Departments 
in years gone by, or who have sought information on Grand 



250 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Army work outside of this Department, or who are conversant 
with the nature and extent of the inquiries receiving attention 
from these headquarters for more than the dozen years last past, 
can adequately appreciate the debt which must ever be owed to 
Comrades Henry B. Peirce and James F. Meech. 

There is little doubt but what, within two years of her 
muster-in, Massachusetts took the lead in membership and in 
the strength and cohesiveness of her organization ; for, on the 
thirty-first day of March, 1872, the earliest record which has 
been preserved to us, we reported a membership of 10,'J41 com- 
rades ; while Indiana, to which report assigned a membership of 
from twenty-five to thirty thousand in 1868, was prostrate in the 
dust, there to lie uuresurrected till 1880; while Ohio, with its 
brilliant showing of .more than three hundred Posts four years 
previously, had shrunk to a report of nive hundred and tiventi/- 
ek/ht comrades : while Illinois, the birthplace of the Order, with 
an estimated membership of more than forty thousand in 1868, 
then presented the stupendously dismal front of tivo hundred and 
thirty-eight comrades : while even the great and populous soldier 
States of New York and Pennsylvania recorded only a few over 
foiir thousand comrades each. From this proud position, Massa- 
chusetts advanced her numbers to 11,070 in 1873, and then grad- 
ually declined in strength, though still keeping at the head of the 
column, till 1880, when Pennsylvania took the lead, which she 
still maintains. On the 31st of March, 1879, this Department 
reported 7,748 comrades, which is low-water mark in its member- 
ship to date. From that time forward, it and every other Depart- 
ment has made an annual gain. 

Lest some one may think that we 'unduly plume ourselves on 
our character and standing as a Department of the Grand Army, 
permit me to make a few extracts from the reports of past 
National otflcers, which will enable us to " see ourselves as others 
see us." The report of the Adjutant-General for 1869 says: — 

"The Department of Massachusetts was organized May 7, 
1867. Its reports and dues have been regularly forwarded, and 
the same can be said of it as of the other Departments just men- 
tioned " (viz., that it is in a thrifty condition). "It reported 
in December, 1868, eighty Posts, a large portion of which have 
been organized during the past year." 

In 1870 the Adjutant-General's report mentions Massachu- 
setts as one out of but three Departments in thirty-nine whose 
quarterly reports gave the exact number of comrades borne upon 
the rolls of their Posts. The same oflieial's report for 1871 
says : — 

"The Department of Massachusetts was organized April 24, 
1867. To speak of this Department is to speak of the most 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 251 

efficient Department of the Order. It has never been in arrears 
for reports or dues, and since its organization has continued to 
grow and prosper, and is now the largest Department of the 
Order. This prosperity may properly be credited to the efforts 
of the Department officers. The affairs. of the Department have 
never been neglected, and the State bids fair long to lead the 
several Departments of the Grand Army." 

A prophecy which I have shown you was literally fulfilled. 
The Inspector-General of 1872 says of us : — 

" This Department is beyond all doubt the most thoroughly 
organized and efficient Department in the Order .... The 
majority of the Posts meet weekly, and there is an excellent feel- 
ing everywhere in the State. This Department has been kept so 
well in hand, mainly, I think, from having an established head- 
quarters with an able Assistant Adjutant-General, who devotes 
nearly all his time to the work at Department Headquarters, with 
the Department Commander and the other officers constantly 
attending to their duties and paying social and official visits to 
Posts." 

The Inspector-General for 1873 says: — 

'' This Department stands at the head of our Order for 
thorough organization and efficiency. The judicious management 
of the large relief funds in the hands of most of the Posts, and 
the plan of disbursing these funds, are especially commended to 
the attention of other departments." 

For 1874 we have : — 

" Massachusetts still maintains her position at the head of 
our Grand Army in every respect." 

Once more and finally, from the Inspector-General's report 
for 1878: — 

"Massachusetts, the banner Department! AVell and justly 
has she earned and maintained the proud distinction ! Since the 
year 1869 Massachusetts has been an example in the works of 
the Order that should be emulated by every other Department." 

A great calamity befell the organization when Boston's 
second great fire swept from existence its earlier annals, both 
Department and National. From these many interesting facts 
might have been obtained, showing its rise and growth. But 
there is j^et a large amount of matter inferential and traditional, 
anterior to the destruction of the records, written in the memory 
of comrades early in the Order, which should be collected at once 
and put in permanent form, as a most important portion of the 
Department's archives. To this end I recommend that a com- 
mittee of five be appointed by this Encampment to collate the 



252 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

history of this Department up to the administration of the late 
Department Commander Hawes, and issue it in a single volume, 
as a matter of permanent record for Posts and comrades. I may 
add that a recommendation similar in substance was made two 
years ago by Past Department Commander Patch. 

Comrades, called, all but unanimously, by your suffrages one 
year ago to take my place at the head of the column as your 
leader, to occup}' the station so ably and honorably filled by dis- 
tinguished comrades, whose lofty aims and unselfish labors have 
stamped upon the Order the character so impartially recorded in 
the extracts which I have presented you, I could not but feel 
weighted with the responsibility so inseparably associated with the 
honor imposed, for it was then devolved upon me to see that not 
a single stripe in our grand banner was erased or polluted, not a 
single star in the constellation of glory thus far illumining our 
pathway blotted out or obscured. While I could not promise to 
give to the position the time which others had devoted, I never- 
theless accepted it with the determination to carry our flag still 
farther to the front, to raise our standard still higher than before, 
in the firm conviction, long entertained, that, with the brilliant 
page which we added to the nation's history in time of war, and 
the no less honorable page illustrating the victories which we 
have achieved in time of peace, there could be no station too 
high, no "niche in the halls of Time" too conspicuous to be 
deserved and occupied by the soldier-citizen of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. I could not be said to have entered the office 
as a novice. My four consecutive years of experience at head- 
quarters, immediately preceding, had made me familiar with the 
work which would be expected of me ; and while not anticipating 
that everything which I should do, however conscientiously, would 
be acceptable to all my comrades, 1 took up the work where my 
predecessor laid it down, and at the end of a busy and enjoyable 
year, stand before you to give a resume of my labors, coupled 
with such suggestions as seem pertinent in connection therewith. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

I pass first to consider our standing in point of numbers. 
On assuming command of the Department, I knew it would be 
impossible, if it were desirable, for me to visit every Post, so I 
determined that, outside of responding to the usual routine duties 
— some useful, some comparatively ornamental — which Posts 
have come almost to demand of Department otHcers, I would 
allot a portion of time to visiting small Posts, and j^et another 
portion to a careful survey of territory where new ventures might 
be profitably' entered upon. This plan I have been enabled to 
carry out with tolerable fidelity, and, as I believe, with a reason- 
able degree of success to the Order. When it is remembered that 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 253 

for more than half the year the mind of. the average citizen (and 
tlie soldier is more than an average citizen) was thoroughly 
engrossed in the Presidential canvass, which was waged with an 
intensity of excitement said to have been without precedent in 
the nation's history, no marvel in the line of success was to be 
expected. 

On the 31st of December, 1883, this Department numbered 
nominally 160 Posts (actually 159 Posts), having, a membership 
of 14,277 comrades in good standing, which, with the suspended 
membership of 395 for the final quarter added, made the full 
strength of the Department 14,672 comrades. 

On the 31st of December, 1884, there were 180 Posts and 
16,637 members in good standing, to which add the 781 reported 
as suspended on the above date, and we have a gross member- 
ship of 17,418 comrades. From all which we derive the fact 
that there was a net gain for the year, in good standing, of 2,360 
comrades, and a gross gain of 2,746 comrades and 21 Posts. 
The latter includes two Posts mustered in January by my prede- 
cessor. Post 55 of Taunton, having been virtually dead for 
about two years, was called upon to surrender its charter, leaving 
a net gain of 20 Posts for the year. O*" the nineteen which I 
have chartered, nine are located on old camping ground, where, 
in many instances, former prejudices clung with the tenacity of 
our near friends, the graybacks, to an old stockade, and mission- 
ary labors in such fields have not always met with that warmth of 
reciprocation which the cause deserved. Although this is a some- 
what larger number than usual to muster in a year, they are not 
the fruit of an ambition to plant shadowy Posts, for, following 
the plan of my predecessor, I adopted a basis of twenty-five 
names as desirable on an application, but insisting on at least 
twenty. Of the nineteen granted, fifteen have complied with the 
higher requirements, one application having seventy-seven names. 
The smallest number of names on any application was twentj'- 
one. All of these Posts are interested and doing well, and many 
of them will soon take a place in the front rank of the Order. 

THE WORK OF THE TEAR. 

During the year it has been my honor to officially represent 
the Department on one hundred and ten different occasions, only 
a few of which were purely ornamental. As a portion of this 
work I have attended twenty-three camp-fires. I have visited 
orticially or informally eighteen different Posts. I have attended 
the anniversaries of eight Posts, the dedication of six Post halls, 
seven regimental reunions, seven fairs, and six meetings of vet- 
erans called in the interests of new Posts. My labors have 
spanned the Department from Provincetown, at the limit of Cape 
Cod, in the east, to Williamstown in the northwest, and Shetfield 



254 HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

in the southwestern corner of the State. My official correspond- 
ence has aggregated about five hundred letters and one hundred 
postal cards. 

In entering upon my official year as Commander, I resolved 
that, so far as I was able, fully a proportionate part of whatever 
influence my official garb and that of the comrades associated 
with me might possess should be directed to increasing our 
strength in that most charming portion of our State, the Con- 
necticut Valley and beyond. In furtherance of this resolve, I 
have visited it seven different times, four of which were solely for 
recruiting purposes, spending in the aggregate eighteen days in 
that section. Of the seven Posts organized in those four western 
counties during the year, four were the direct and two the indi- 
rect fruit of these labors. I am happy to acknowledge in this 
connection the services of the Senior Vice-Commander of the 
Department, who accompanied me on several of these occasions, 
and has represented the Department in that section when I was 
unable to be present, taking at all times an active interest in the 
welfare of the Order in Western Massachusetts. 

One of the most hopeful signs which I have witnessed in 
canvassing for new Posts has been the desire to have none but 
veterans who possessed the respect and confidence of the com- 
munity take a hand in their re-establishment. I need not tell 
you how satisfactory such an exhibition was to me, who have 
made it a fundamental tenet in my Grand Army preaching to 
raise the standard of membership. Some of the comrades, for 
whom I " set down nought in malice," have thought me too 
strenuous on this point, because, as I believe, they do not fully 
understand me. I will state m}' position as plainly as I can 
briefly, in the hope that no one shall be at a loss hereafter to 
know where I stand, and hope to stand while I remain in the 
Order. 

THE STANDARD OF MEMBERSHIP. 

To begin, I antagonize the proposition, so frequently and 
emphatically announced at camp-fires, that an honorable dis- 
charge is the only requisite for admission into this organization. 
No one circumstance has been prolific of so much harm to the 
Order. It is a proposition which the comrades acquainted with 
me know that I have combated continually, always insisting that, 
while it was an essential, there should be superadded the record 
of an honest, manly citizenship. The absence of thi;5 record was 
a fundamental cause of so many Posts going to the wall a few 
years since, for such men can neither build up nor hold public 
esteem and confidence, both of which the Grand Army 7nnst have. 
Many other Posts there were which came near to Death's door, 
but discovered the evils which were sapping away their life in 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 255 

time to apply the remedy. What is an honorable discharge? I 
answer, a discharge, which is, in many cases, anything but hon- 
orable. Honorable discharges are today presented to Posts for 
membership, and sent to Washington for pensions, not only by 
veterans whose names are the synonym for honorable and dis- 
tinguished service, but by men who were not manful, save in sex ; 
who were bounty-jumpers or deserters from their flag; who on 
unworthy pretexts sought refuge in the hospital; who shirked 
their duty on every possible occasion; who were "invincible in 
peace, and invisible in war," as the late Senator Hill once put it. 
Again, many of the veterans who served the country faith- 
fully and well for their full period of enlistment, on returning 
home, whether demoralized by the corrupting influences of war, 
or giving way to the enticements presented by too sudden a 
transition into the luxuries and temptations of civil life, have 
deported themselves in such a manner as to dishonor their record 
as soldiers, and to disgrace themselves as citizens. What is to 
be done when these men apply for membership in the Grand 
Army? I answer unhesitatingly, keep them resolutely out till a 
real reformation takes place. A record of honorable military or 
naval service is not enough. Under the providence of God, a 
man may have a black skin or a white one ; he may be rich or 
poor, high-born or of low degree; he may be educated or illiter- 
ate ; but no fiat of God, no accident of inheritance, no decree of 
society or of letters, interferes to prevent him being a sober, 
honest, respectable citizen, and so much he must be before /vote 
him into the Grand Army of the Republic. The people know 
nothing of what we were. They very naturally judge us, both 
as to our past and present, by what we are ; and every instinct 
of true manhood should conspire, in the name of the grand cause 
which marshalled us, of the men who once touched elbows with 
us, in placing and keeping our Order where the people every- 
where must look up and not down to see us. Such, in brief, is 
my ideal standard for our membership. Comrades may differ 
with me, but I hope they will understand me. 

MISUSE OF THE BLACK BALL. 

There is one agency for the keeping of our ranks clean and 
pure, to whose use I will refer in this connection. Complaints 
have reached me during the year that personal malice has, by 
means of the black ball, kept out of Posts veterans whose stand- 
ing in every way entitled them to unanimous election as comrades, 
and whose influence would have given us added strength. Now, 
while I am, and always shall be, an advocate of using the black 
ball " faithfully and fearlessly," yet, for the man who is so 
mean and cowardly as to use it for personal spite, I can have no 
other than feelings of the most utter contempt. He disgraces the 



256 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

badge of Fraternity and Charity which he wears upon his breast, 
and brings the Order into disrepute among its friends. He is a 
most ignoble disciple of our Father Abraham, who had •' malice 
towards none, and charity for all." It is to be earnestly hoped 
that such instances will become most distinguished for their 
rarity. 

FINANCES. 

AVith our continued growth in membership there has been a 
corresponding increase in the unexpended balance in the hands 
of the Assistant Quartermaster-General. The balance reported 
on hand Jan. 30, 1884, was $1,744.31. On hand Jan. 29, 1885, 
$2,835.62,— a gain of $1,091.31 for the year. The disposition 
of this fund is a question which should receive careful consid- 
eration by this Encampment or its deputies. One year ago the 
Auditing Committee of the Council of Administration "recom- 
mended to the Department that $1,000 of the funds be invested 
in such manner as, in the judgment of the Council of Admmis- 
tration, would be for the best interests of the Department." 
This recommendation was referred by the Encampment to the 
incoming Council, who permitted the money to remain on interest 
at two and one half per cent, in the hands of the New England 
Trust Company. 

As the surplus revenue of the Department is likely to 
increase for some years longer, unless a change is made in the 
policy of the Department, some judicious action should be had 
looking to its security and better investment. This will naturally 
raise the inquiry as to whether it is desirable to have a Depart- 
ment fund larger than will suffice to provide for ordinary contin- 
gencies. Without attempting anything in the nature of argument, 
I will simply throw in a few thoughts on both sides of the ques- 
tion, as they have occurred to me, for the consideration of the 
Encampment. 

First. A Department fund is desirable, because, in the later 
days of the Order, portions of such an accumulation will be nec- 
essary to aid struggling Posts, or to keep open a headquarters till 
all the property has been turned in, and the affairs of the Order 
properly closed up. 

Second. Such a fund would be a great blessing should any 
contagion or disaster, involving general suffering and want among 
comrades, take place, as has already been the case in other Depart- 
ments ; or. 

Third. As the time is not far distant when our great and 
noble charity, the Soldiers' Home, may call loudly for funds, the 
income of such a fund might very properly be diverted to that 
purpose. 

On the other hand, a Department fund may be regarded as 
undesirable. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 257 

First. Because it is mainly built up from the per capita 
tax, which is so much money taken directly from the treasury 
of the Posts, and indirectly from the pockets of the comrades. 
Better lower the tax to a point where no accumulation will ensue, 
and lighten, to that extent, the burdens of comrades ; or, 

Second. Owing to fluctuations in securities, the investment 
of such a fund is attended with more or less risk, as, in the 
nature of things, it lacks that careful supervision which attaches 
to personal ownership. Better not carry the risk ; or. 

Third. It may be possible for officers to secure an election 
for the manipulation of the funds for personal ends, as has been 
the case in individual Posts. 

These are thoughts, by the way, all susceptible of elabora- 
tion. Other comrades may see other and better reasons, pro or 
coyi. I leave the matter here, in the hope that this Encampment 
will declare a financial policy, and direct its representatives 
accordingly. The excellent report of the Assistant Quarter- 
master-General will give you the expenses of the year in detail. 
There have been no unusual expenses, if I except §25 sent to the 
sutferers by the Ohio floods, and SI 00 contributed at the National 
Encampment for a comrade from Dakota wdio lost his leg. Con- 
tributions for this comrade's relief, varying from $50 to $250, 
were being made by the several delegations, with an enthusiasm 
which I never saw paralleled, when the delegation from Massa- 
chusetts, sensitive to her good name, voted the above contribu- 
tion, subject to the approval of the Council of Administration. 
This spontaneous expression of the Fraternity and Charity of the 
Grand Army was taken up by the papers, and heralded from 
ocean to ocean, doing more for the Order, especially in the West, 
than the most eloquent language of our most gifted orators could 
have done. 

By vote of the last Encampment, the actual travelling 
expenses of the Commander have been paid by the Department. 
In all cases, the entertainment has been provided by the Posts 
interested, and a few of them have preferred to pay all the 
expenses. The Encampment further voted it to be the duty of 
Posts to pay all the bills when the Commander attended the 
opening of fairs. It gives me great pleasure to state that this 
vote has been complied with by all Posts save one. Believing, 
with my predecessor, that the measure is a just and proper one, 
I renew the recommendation that the sum of $300 be appropri- 
ated for the actual travelling fares of the Department Commander, 
or for the Department Senior or Junior Vice-Commander, when 
detailed to officiate in his stead, the bills subject to the approval 
of the Council of Administration. I would add the same proviso 
to the above in relation to fairs. I also renew the recommenda- 
tion that the fares of the Commander and Assistant Adjutant- 

17 



258 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

General be paid to the National Encampment by the Department, 
for the reasons adduced one year ago. I should be glad to rec- 
onniieud that the fares of the entire delegation be similarly pro- 
vided for, did I not fear that it would prove too radical and speedy 
a remedy for our surplus, especially should the P^ncampment meet 
in San Francisco next year, as now looks at least possible. 

SONS OF VETERANS. 

I have heard a large number of comrades, from time to time, 
express themselves most emphatically against this organization, 
on the ground of opposition to perpetuating the Grand Army. I 
never have had any sympathy with them, because, in the strictest 
sense, such a thing cannot be done. But if they mean that they 
are opposed to any body which, after the last Post is disbanded, 
shall perpetuate the principles for which our Order stood, tlien I 
traverse their position without hesitation, for it is inconsistent 
with our daily preaching and teaching. The annual recurrence of 
Memorial Day gives repeated occasion to our orators to set forth 
the inestimable value of our commemorative exercises as an educa- 
tion to the young; inspiring them with patriotism, with a higher 
appreciation of the services rendered by the men who now, with 
the gentleness and tenderness of woman, perform the sadly sweet 
ceremonies of decoration, and firing them, should need arise, to 
emulate the valorous impulses of their fathers. But if this educa- 
tion is of value today, will its need have passed away when we 
are off the stage? Rather will not our very absence emphasize 
the need of a body to do just such work? But I will not pause 
for argument. This fact must, however, be admitted, will we, 
nill we, whether they have come early or late, like General Stone's 
brigade at Gettysburg, they " have come to stay," and the Grand 
Army, in self-defense, must guide them. They want the indorse- 
ment of the " old man," recognizing their comparative instability 
in the community without it. Realizing the situation, and feeling 
that Farce had held the stage too long, and that Tragedy should 
have it long enough to clear away the present double-headed 
nuisance, it was my privilege to offer the following preamble and 
resolution at the last National Encampment: — 

Whkreas, There now exist among us two organizations, known as 
Sons of Veterans, who have, from time to time, sought the indorsement 
of this Order; and, 

Wherkas, These organizations have substantially the same end in 
view, and should be united, whether in emphasizing the principles of the 
Grand Army, or as anxiliary to the same in any other manner; and, 

Wherkas, They have not only failed to unite, but are detrimental to 
our Order, by trading on its capital, through their appeal to the public 
for funds, all of which are devoted to their own purposes ; therefore, 

Besolved, That the Grand Army should take no further steps to 
harmonize the two bodies, and that the incoming Council of Administra- 



MNETKENTH ANNUAL KNCAMPMENT. 259 

tion be requested to report to the next Annnal Encampment a draft of 
organization for an Order of Sons of "Veterans, which shall he judiciously 
subordinated to this Order, and under which, camp or other designated 
formations may take place. 

On motion, the whole matter in relation to Sons of Vet- 
erans was referred to a committee, to report at the next National 
P^ncampment. This resolution, 1 am informed, has already borne 
fruit in the practical union of the two chief bodies. 

woman's relief corps. 

I heartily indorse the work of this organization. I never 
shared the solicitude of those comrades who feared that it would 
usurp the name, the badge, the work and glory of the Grand 
Army, or even that it would "i?*/-?/" us all before we needed it. 
While I have not beeu an enthusiast in its behalf in former years, 
I have not been an opponent, and mj^ only question has been as 
to the need of a State or National organization, inasmuch as loyal 
women have always been ready to second us. But I am now 
satisfied on that point. My mother and sisters were as good 
soldiers, in their sphere, as I was in mine ; and I must be a man 
much lower than the angels if I attempt to restrict them in times 
of peace on a simple question of methods. Several Posts have 
expressed great dependence on their auxiliary Corps. In one 
case only, a lack of harmony has been reported, and in this the 
estimable Department President, who has shown a constant zeal 
to have the most harmonious relations on the part of her Corps, 
immediately resorted to measures to secure the desired end. I 
confideutly predict the time as not far distant when they will be 
the right arm of our support in the community, and I give them 
Godspeed. 

THE NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

The session of this body at Minneapolis, last July, was a 
most memorable one, calling together a ver}' large assemblage of 
veterans from all parts of the country. This Department was 
represented by its full delegation. The matter of changes in the 
Ritual, referred to the delegation, was duly presented and referred 
to a committee on Ritual, which reports at the next National 
Encampment. The changes in Rules and Regulations asked for 
by this Department in relation to incorporating the price of the 
badge in the muster fee, and permitting public installations, were 
adopted, as was also the substance of its amendment in relation 
to trustees, which was embodied in amendments on this head, 
offered by the Department of Connecticut. 

There is one other amendment to the Regulations which I 
should like to see adopted now that installation services may be 
public, and that is one granting authority to install at a special 



260 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

meeting. Many inquiries and requests to that end have reached 
headquarters the past few weeks. The Rules, as they now stand, 
are inconsistent on this point, and should be changed ; and the 
change proposed would, I believe, be satisfactory to a large num- 
ber of Posts. 

UNIFORMS. 

I take great pride in referring to the improvement which has 
been going on in this Department in the appearance of Posts on 
parade, so many of which now turn out with full uniform on 
Memorial Day and other occasions. Perhaps the Order has moved 
more slowly in this respect than in many others. So repugnant 
had a uniform become to many veterans while in service that they 
have steadily opposed wearing one until these later days, when 
time has wrought its softening influence upon them. 

The first attempt at uniforming the Order originated, so far 
as I can learn, with Past Department Commander A. S. Cush- 
man, who in the National Convention held at Philadelphia, Jan. 
15, 16, 17, 1868, " moved that a committee of one from each 
Department be appointed to adopt a regalia," which motion was 
laid on the table ; but I cannot find record of any definite action 
ever having been taken, although propositions to that end have 
been offered many times. Like Topsy, the one now generally 
worn "had no farder nor mudder, nor nebber had." And as 
Topsy, when further interrogated as to where she did come from, 
replied, " Dunno, specs I grow'd," so likewise has our once non- 
descript uniform come to assume something that will bear defini- 
tion. 

One of the earliest anonymous requirements was that of wear- 
ing dark clothes, which practically resulted in wearing anything 
from black through the shades to white duck ; in other words, to 
wearing whatever the comrade was possessed of. Then came the 
white belt and McClellan cap, with wreath, letters and number, 
to be immediately followed in some Posts by the adoption of the 
slouched hat, — one of the greatest mistakes in the direction of 
uniformity that has been attempted. You will recall those lines 
of Robert Browning from the " Pied Piper of Hamelin," where he 
describes the Piper as followed by 

" Black rats, white rats, brown rats, brawny rats. 
Old rats, young rats, gray rats, tawny rats, etc." 

Now substitute the word hats for rats, and the description is 
perfection, for the appearance of the average Post dressed in the 
slouch hat, properly so called. With the possible exception of 
the latest fashion, I can truthfully say that I have seen the cord 
and wreath on every kind of hat familiar to this age, from the 
high- crowned slouch to the low ; through all shades of color from 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 261 

black to the lightest ; from the one-storied Derby up through the 
whole catalogue of stiff hats, not even omitting the classic beaver ; 
and even straw hats often fall victims to these typical decorations. 
All of which, it may be said, indicates, in large measure, the 
democratic character of our grand institution, and the large liberty 
tolerated in what many still regard as a non-essential. But the 
exercise of this liberty has been so shocking to comrades of natural 
military instincts that they could well be pardoned if they exclaimed 
with ]\Iadame Koland, " O liberty, liberty ! how many crimes are 
committed in thy name ! " 

Still we are making rapid strides forward in this respect. Sev- 
eral Posts have uniformed during the year, and some of those appear- 
ing best on parade, once having adopted a cap, have adhered 
to it continuously, and are never seen with a go-as-you-please 
annex of comrades bringing up in- the rear. I am a steadfast 
believer in standing by the old traditions, in being the Boys in 
Blue that we were twenty years ago; and while I recognize and 
appreciate all that individual Posts are doing to make a creditable 
appearance on parade, 1 am sure that they would mean more to 
the people of today and of twenty years hence if clad in the uni- 
form they wore in Rebellion days, than in the gaudiest trappings of 
possible manufacture. Nay, they would mean more to themselves. 
In harmony with this idea, I would recommend that the sash worn 
in the service be added to the uniform adopted by the Fifteenth 
Annual P^ncampment, and that so much of the requirements as 
necessitates the light blue welt in the pantaloons be rescinded. 
There has only a portion of one Post complied with this require- 
ment, so that it would work no great hardship to make the change, 
and in the respect of both taste and simplicity would be an 
improvement. It is gratifying to note that some of the newest 
Posts are the most interested to [)ut themselves on a respectable 
basis in this respect. 

In this connection I desire to express my hearty approval of 
the plan adopted by a few of our Posts of having the comrades 
attend Post meetings in uniform. I should like to see it univer- 
sally adopted, for I believe its effect on the organization and on 
the community is salutary. The effect in Post meetings is very 
satisfactory. P^ven the Grand Army badge is almost an unknown 
quanfty in many Post rooms. This ought not to be. The badge 
of the comrade should be worn on every Grand Army occasion, 
whether private or public. 

THE soldiers' HOME. 

I shall take little of your time in referring to this monument 
to our Fraternity, in which we take such laudable pride. The 
report of the Trustees, which you have already received, embodies 
all needed information in relation to it. 1 may say in brief, that. 



262 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

on the testimony of those who know, it has no equal in the land, 
and will further add that Posts in this vicinity, as well as some 
more remote, who once questioned the expediency of founding 
such an institution, are now ranked among its warmest supporters. 
I desire once more to call the attention of Posts through this 
representative gathering to the grand carnival in preparation to 
raise an endowment fund of ^100,000 for the Home. Let nothing 
be left undone in the power of comrades to do to make this the 
most marvellous success in the history of such enterprises. " A 
long pull, and a strong pull, and a pull all together," and the 
desired result is accomplished. I believe that the people have 
only to fully understand the work which the Grand Army is doing 
to respond most liberall}' to the call which we shall make upon 
them. 

GOOD OF THE ORDER. 

There are a few thoughts which I desire to present that may 
fairly be included under the above caption. They are related 
more or less intimately to the successful working of Posts gen- 
erally. First in importance among these I rate the selection of 
Post officers. It is not enough to select a " good fellow " for 
Commander. He ought to be a man who has influence in the 
community, and commands the respect of it. Popularity with the 
boys is excellent when other needed qualities are added, but may, 
in some respects, be undesirable in a Post which needs toning up, 
inside and out. 

Again, there is a deeply rooted theory in many Posts that if 
a comrade is good enough for a Junior Vice-Commander, he can- 
not be such a wretehed failure as a Senior Vice-Commander, and 
is, by courtesy at least, entitled to promotion. And if a Senior 
Vice-Commander has done his duty faithfully and well, with other 
things equal, he should be the preferred candidate for Post Com- 
mander. I am in full accord with this theory. I am aware that 
a few Posts take delight in being exceptors to it, but I make no 
quarrel with them if the interests of their ranks are best served 
in that way. The rule is, however, that comrades, looking back 
to active service, remember that promotion came for duty faith- 
fully performed ; and when somebody is jumped over them in the 
Post offices, they are only human if they feel hurt, and with their 
immediate friends become sulkers in their tents, and in various 
ways show themselves affronted. I am not now defending them, 
I am stating the facts, and can name several instances from the 
recent election as evidence. I am a thorough believer in promotion 
in Posts, contending that comrades should be selected for the 
three highest offices with special reference to their fitness to fill 
either place acceptably. If they prove their unfitness on trial, or 
do not care for advancement, then drop them. I am confident that 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 263 

this plau, faithfully carried out, in four out of five Posts would 
add to their efficiency. 

Then we have some Post Commanders who seem to hold office 
by free grace rather than by election. They discuss all the ques- 
tions, make themselves essential to the very existence of the Post, 
riding it like a veritable Old Man of the Sea. They are not 
wholly to blame, as the office is often forced upon the man ; Init 
they should not be too passive. Every comrade should stand 
ready to take any position, with its honors or its burdens, which 
he is qualified to fill, if his comrades impose it. I recognize the 
fact that many small Posts have one member of influence in the 
community who can really do more for the Post as its Commander 
than any one else. Still, I am clearly of the opinion that in Posts 
having more than thirty members, no comrade should be at the 
head more than two consecutive years. 

Another evil which many Posts are afflicted with, and which 
should be abated in the interests of the Oi'der, is the bores who 
kill off Posts by long speeches made up of repetitions, or by 
ridiculous parliamentary discussions. The question so lono- 
debated by the Idealists as to the number of angels that could 
dance on the point of a cambric needle, is of infinite importance 
when compared with those which these bores drone over night 
after night. Any Post thus afflicted should adopt a by-law with 
which to doivn such offenders soon " after sight," for I know of 
nothing that more surely or speedily depletes the attendance and 
interest in the Post room. 

Smoking in the Post room during its session seems to me an 
evil, which, so far as I can learn, is allowed by but very few Posts 
in this Department No other Order tolerates it, I am told. 
But aside from this argument by comparison, there seems to me 
good reason for its inhibition on other grounds. It is a fact that 
comrades, both non-smokers and smokers, who do not like to go 
home having their clothing saturated with the fumes of tobacco, 
absent themselves from meetings where the social pipe holds 
sway, at which they would otherwise be constant attendants. The 
Post room should be neutral territory^ and I respectfully submit to 
the most devoted admirer of the weed, the query as to whether 
he cannot forego indulgence in his favorite pastime for a single 
two hours in a week or two weeks for the "good of the Order." 
If he cannot, then let him withdraw to the ante-room, but let no 
man be excluded from the meeting on account of the selfishness 
of any comrade. 

I believe it not for the good of the Order that any Post should 
hold its regular meetings on the Sabbath. In my judgment, it is 
neither necessary nor legal. It matters not what views you or I 
may entertain as to the proper observance of that day, the people 
of Massachusetts believe in the Sabbath. But the people of 



264 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Massachusetts also believe in the Grand Army, and 1 submit that 
we cannot afford to needlessly affront the moral sense of the com- 
munity which so loyally sustains us in our relief work. The only 
Post in this Department, or any, so far as I know, which held its 
regular meetings on the Sabbath, gave them up early in the yeav. 
But I now learn, on credible authority, that they are about to 
be resumed at the same time, and, worse still, at the same place, 
with its undesirable annex. I trust that this Encampment will 
acquaint itself with the facts, and take such action as seems 
proper to protect the Department from the continuance of what 
seems to me an outrage on public sentiment. 

Another source of detriment to the Order I believe to be the 
closing of Post rooms during warm weather ; a practice which has, 
1 think, been too generally adopted throughout this Department. 
The inevitable tendency is for comrades to lose interest and forget 
for two months that there is such an institution as the Grand 
Army. I can see no good reason for such a practice. Systematic 
relief work is as needful then as at any time. The halls should 
at least be open where the comrades can assemble for social and 
fraternal enjoyment, if not for Post work ; but I am an earnest 
believer in the setting aside of one evening in a week, or at least 
two in a month, twelve months in the year, for regular Post meet- 
ings. 

I further believe that the good of the Order requires repre- 
sentation in this Encampment from every Post in the Department, 
and, to assure it, Posts should pay their delegates' expenses. 

Another topic falling under this head seems to me important 
enough to call for some action on the part of this P^ncampment. 
It is coming to be a frequent occurrence for some Post to evolve 
a scheme which, if fully carried out, it no doubt honestly believes 
is for the good of the Order, and at once blank petitions are pre- 
pared and sent to other Posts in the Department, requesting sig- 
natures ; the petitions, when signed, to be forwarded to a central 
committee or to the State or National Legislature. Now, if there 
is one Post in this Department which is, par excellence, the brainy 
Post, the source of every new and brilliant idea, I have no criti- 
cism to offer on that body of comrades, if it is capable of taking 
this entire Department dangling along as a tail to its kite. If it 
is a fact that all of the wise and prudent generalship in the Order 
is resident in one comrade, in one, two, or a dozen Posts, it 
would seem desirable that a headquarters be opened at once for 
those indispensable articles in the aforesaid Post or Posts, and the 
Order directed in all respects from those headquarters. But I 
respectfully submit to the delegates of this Encampment the ques- 
tion whether it is for the best interests of the Order for any Post 
to take the initiative in any legislative measure involving the 
approval or dissent of every Post in the Department, without 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 265 

having it first considered after the usual custom by this assem- 
blage. Any proposition that will not bear the light and scrutiny 
which your deliberations concentrnte upon it shouhl be stifled at 
its birth; but if, on the other hand, it will stand the test, then we 
can move as a Department, in solid column, and not as a thin 
skirmish line in its support. No exigency is likely to arise calling 
upon the Order for action which cannot wait for your oflicial 
sanction. The "sacred right of petition," so called, would not 
be invaded by your restrictive action, for any comrade who dis- 
likes the government of this Order can set his own time for leav- 
ing it. You determine the conditions of his entrance and his stay, 
and you enact such legislation as will preserve your integrity, in 
which he has a voice, and to which he must be obedient if he 
remains. 1 therefore submit that any questions which divide the 
opinions of the Grand Army should first have their standing adju- 
dicated at this tribunal. There is a tradition extant that the con- 
sideration of such matters once constituted an important part of 
your deliberations, and so far as I now recall, the integrity of 
your action on propositions originating with Posts has never been 
impeached. I have yet to learn of the first good reason why you 
should relinquish this vital prerogative, and sincerely trust that 
such a reason may never appear. 

Another change, which I believe would result in good to the 
Order, would be brought about by Posts confining their canvass 
for "the sale of fair tickets to their own territory, and not tres- 
passing on that of their neighbors. Tickets are mailed to the 
various Posts in this Department, and have even been received 
from beyond the Mississippi in dozens, accompanied by the mod- 
est request that they be disposed of and the proceeds remitted to 
the sender. One of the most vital objections to this practice is 
presented in the fact that so large a share of this money comes 
from the comrades themselves. It is true they will spend their 
money where and for what they please, as is their right ; but I 
would respectfully submit to a comrade about to invest, the query 
whether his own Post does not need the money more, or if he 
engages to sell such tickets outside the Post, whether his com- 
munity ought to be called upon to support other Posts than his 
own. This latter query has, of course, less force made of com- 
rades having membership in city Posts. 

And this question of fairs brings me to a consideration of 
the lottery phase, whose discussion is thrust upon me at this time 
by current events. I will preface what I have to offer by saying 
that it has always been a source of regret to me that the men who 
were the stern enforcers of law, even to the use of " the last argu- 
ment of kings," should in any wise appear to the people as law 
breakers. It has been said that exceptions should be made in 
favor of the Grand Army on account of the object it has in view. 



266 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

I believe I shall accurately represeot the average sentiment of the 
Order, when I declare that the Grand Army spurns with disdain 
the offer to make it an exception in the enforcement of any law. 
But what it does ask is, that if there be any statute violated by 
any Grantl Army Post, any Lodge of Odd Fellows, or any reli- 
gious society, in this Commonwealth, that statute shall be impar- 
tUiUy enforced. While members of the Order are divided on the 
question of expediency in this matter, they very properly object 
to being made the scapegoats, and only ask that treatment which 
is accorded to other bodies whose aims are often far more selfish. 
While I sincerely believe that the letter and not the intent of the 
law is violated by this method of raising money, I shall yet hail 
with delight any scheme which will accomplish the same object 
with a reasonable amount of effort, and at the same time secure 
the cordial co-operation of ever}' member of the community, so 
many of whom now conscientiously withhold it. 

MASSACHUSETTS VETERANS' REUNION. 

I wish to give my cordial indorsement to the contemplated 
reunion of the Massachusetts veterans, and bespeak for it, from 
the comrades of this Encampment, their warmest co-operation. I 
have been an advocate of such a gathering since the earliest 
attempt to hold one, and believe that whatever objections may 
present themselves in its tentative stage will soon disappear, and 
the annual recurrence of this occasion be one of much pride and 
enjoyment to every old soldier. 

REPORTS OF OFFICERS. 

You will shortly have put into your hands the various reports 
of the Department otlicers, to each and all of which I invite your 
careful attention. This year we have accomplished for the first 
time the plan of submitting these reports in print. It is done 
without additional expense, results in some saving of time, and is 
a convenience which I am sure you will fully appreciate. 

The excellent and comprehensive report of the Assistant 
Adjutant-General is a work not a tithe of whose labor appears to 
the casual oliserver, but very valuable to comrades for reference. 
The work of this ofBcer has materially increased with the growth 
of the Department, and 1 cheerfully recommend the usual appro- 
priation of S200 for clerk hire. It is to be remembered that oiu- 
membership has increased more than one-half during the past three 
years, while the appropriations for the Assistant Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's office have remained essentially the same. For the com- 
rade who has filled this important office during the past year, 
turning day into night again and again in the prosecution of his 
labors, " o'er books consuming the midnight oil," — but Dejjart- 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 267 

meiit books, — I can only wish tliat his fnture may be as prosper- 
ous as his past has been honorable and glorious. 

The report of the Department Inspector contains much valu- 
able information. Two thorough inspections have been had 
during the year, — one in the spring by order of the Commander-in- 
Chief, and the usual fall inspection. In each case every Post was 
inspected. It gives me the utmost pleasure to bear testimony to 
the conscientious service of this Staff ofiicer, manifested in no way 
more conspicuously than in the fact that of the nineteen new Posts 
chartered, just nineteen of them have been mustered by the 
Department Inspector in person. This record of service, I 
believe, is without parallel in the history of the office in this 
Department. Arrangements were perfected in nearl}' every case 
whereby, at the adjourned meeting, the work of muster-in has 
been exemplified by a neighboring Post. 

The salient points of his report will readily appear to you. 
One which well illustrates the unselfishness of our relief appears 
in the fact that aid was not only given to 1 ,234 comrades, but to 
927 who were not comrades of the Order. It further shows 
$36, 84.'). 13 in Post funds, 8120,569.43 in relief funds, and a new 
item, not hitherto reported, of $!)(), 009. 94 of other property held 
by Posts. There is an increase in the amount of money in relief 
funds of nearly $15,000 over a year ago. These figures, certainly, 
show a financial condition on which the Order is to be congratu- 
lated. The report also shows the sum of $35,793.51 expended in 
relief, an increase over last year of about $1,600; $37,527.42 
was the sum expended in relief for the calendar year. 

I am of the opinion that if a thorough spring inspection is to 
be annually recpiired by the Commander-in-Chief, only a portion 
of the Department need be inspected in the fall, which would save 
some expense, and yet result, I believe, in no detriment to the 
Order. The excellent character and standing of maj}y Posts is a 
sufficient warranty for this latter opinion. 

I have already referred to the report of the Assistant (Quar- 
termaster-General. While the routine work of this oflfice is neces- 
sarily performed by the Assistant Adjutant-General, it has been 
under the supervision of the former officer. His important and 
carefully prepared report will receive your discriminating atten- 
tion. 

The position of Chief INIustering Officer has not been a sine- 
cure on my Staff, and the incumbent of that office, although living 
on one edge of the Department, has earned his honors by muster- 
ing the officers of eight of the new Posts, as well as by attending 
the various meetings of the Council. 

The legal department has not been overworked, owing in 
large measure to a better understanding of Rules and Regulations, 
and to the assistance rendered Post Commanders by the volume 



268 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

of Decisions and Opinions with wliich each is supplied. Justice 
to the Judge Advocate requires the statement that continued illness 
in his family has prevented his meeting the comrades of the 
Department as often as he would otherwise have done. 

The reports of the Council of Administration, the Medical 
Director and the Department Chaplain *v\nll also merit your care- 
ful consideration. The suggestions of the Council respecting the 
finances will give additional weight to what I have already offered 
on this head, and will, I trust, lead to such initial action as seems 
most desirable in connection with the subject considered. 

LOYALTY TO THE ORDER. 

The year just passed has witnessed, perhaps, the most excit- 
ing political contest of the nineteenth century. Members of the 
Order were found in all the political parties. Party spirit, I 
believe, never ran higher, and in my judgment there has never 
been a year when, if any Post or number of Posts had lost their 
heads and gone over bodil}' into politics, their bitterest foe could 
have done other than condone their breach of allegiance. But it 
gives me the utmost satisfaction to report that whatever may 
have been the ajypearance in any individual case (and I have 
been told again and again that the Grand Army was in politics), 
no Post of this Department has violated Rules and Regulations 
in this respect. 

For the restraint which comrades displayed during the cam- 
paign, they have my sincere thanks. Fully informed in relation 
to past experiences, and gathering from the situation after the 
nominations were made enough to giA'e me some concern as to 
the outcome of the canvass in its effect upon the Order, it can 
readily be imagined that I saw the dawn of November 5 with no 
great regret. One incident of the campaign touched me very 
deeply, and illustrates that loyalty which cements us so strongly 
together. The incident was this : One of our large Posts, on 
learning that a prominent soldier nominee was intending to visit 
the city of its habitation, voted to give him a reception. On 
learning of this through the public prints, I wrote the Commander 
a letter of inquiry and questioned the wisdom of the movement, 
suggesting that while it was, no doubt, innoeeutl}' intended, the 
public would not divorce the soldier comrade from the soldier 
candidate ; that their position would be at least an equivocal one, 
etc. I commend an extract from the repl}' of the Commander to 
your consideration. Here it is : — 

"Your kind letter of the 26th at hand on time; but it was 
such a setback to me that it has taken me all this time to get 
over it; but your reasoning is sound. . . . We believe it our 
first duty to uphold Rules and Regulations and abide by them. 
Our next duty is to obey those in command, and I think I can 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 269 

safely say that Post prides herself on her loyalty to Rules 

aud Regulations and the Department Commander of Massachu- 
setts. If we have made a mistake in our zeal to do honor to one 
of the old Union generals, we are not so headstrong but what we 
can see it, and do all in our power to do what our Department 
Commander believes best for the Order. . , . Hoping that you 
will not blacklist us until you hear from me again, I remain, 

Yours, etc." 

One of the unpleasantest exhibitions of the year has been 
that of our Order divided on tlie question of proper pension legis- 
lation. There are j'et comrades among us who believe that the 
Grand Army was not organized to engineer pension legislation; 
that for many years it found its legitimate sphere of action out- 
side of this question ; but as this class is now in a hopeless 
minority, and as the Grand Army has appropriated to itself the 
direction of legislation for the veterans on the floor of Congress, 
so far as it can legitimately do so, the only question to consider 
is, that of the proper means to be used by the Order to secure 
this end. Unquestionably, our influence must be directed by 
rej)re.sen'ative action. Now such representatives are to be found 
in our present pension committee of the National P^ncampment, 
about whose fitness for the position, the manner of whose selec- 
tion, or in regard to whose motives I have y^et to hear the first 
whisper of a suspicion. Mark you, I do not set up as an enc3'clo- 
pa^dia of information as to just what is most desirable in the line 
of pension legislation. I have my own opinion with regard to 
certain propositions on this head, and will further promise not to 
refuse a dollar which the government will give me under any 
scheme likely to receive enactment. But the point I am in duty 
bound to press upon your earnest consideration is that when a 
Post, a Department, or National Encampment appoints a com- 
mittee in good faith, and with full power to do a certain work 
for that Post or that Encampment, every inspiration of fraternity, 
if fraternity is worth anything, every impulse of loyalty, if loyalty 
means anything, demands that the organization which puts them 
forward as its mouthpiece shall stand steadfastly at their backs, 
and not basely desert them nor heap gratuitous insults upon them 
while they are doing its behests. 

Now all committees are human and may err. But no com- 
mittee holds a life-tenure of its office, and when it fails to do the 
work for which it was constituted, discharge it on the first oppor- 
tunity or instruct it as circumstances seen) to warrant. But may 
we never again so stultify ourselves in the eyes of the people as 
w^e have during the past year, by having our duly authorized 
representatives appearing before members of Congress recom- 
mending certain pension legislation, and antagonized by other 
comrades favoring a different scheme. We cannot alTord it. 



270 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

" In union there is strength." AVhen our organization shall 
reach that stage where any Post as such feels at liberty to 
petition Congress in the interest of any measure dear to its mem- 
bership, irrespective or in spite of the wishes or petitions of other 
Posts, that moment dates the beginning of our downfall. Con- 
current action in Posts and Departments, finding further con- 
sideration and final enactment from the deliberations of the 
National Encampment, I honestly believe and unhesitatingly 
declare the only safe course for us to pursue in this day of our 
great and still growing strength, else we unwittingly reproduce 
certain phases of our army life where commands pulled apart 
through jealousy, and inevitable shame and disaster followed. 
Let us magnify our points of agreement, minimize our points of 
difference, and move in solid and unwavering columns to secure 
legislation which common consent declares must be delayed no 
longer. But whatever ends we aim to accomplish in this direc- 
tion, let us take particular care that they be not secured by any 
complications of statutory provision which shall include the 
putting on the pension roll, on an equal footing with our Union 
comrades, of the veterans of the Rebel army ; not yet. 

Comrades, I must not close this address without expressing 
to you my most sincere gratitude for the triple honors which you 
have successively conferred upon me. The unanimity with which 
you elevated me to the honorable position which I am soon to 
vacate will remain a green and cherished spot in my memory 
while life continues, attended as it will be by the consciousness 
that, while I fell far short of my own ideal, and perhaps, of your 
expectations, in my own way I have endeavored to deserve the 
honors your confidence imposed. For whatever results have 
been achieved during the past year, a large share of credit must 
be given to those whom your suffrages associated with me, and I 
here thank them publicly for all they have done in behalf of our 
graud Order. To the members of my official Staff, whose duty 
has been so faithfully performed, my thanks and yours are 
especially due. Our relations have been of the pleasantest 
character, and my valedictory is made the harder to utter by 
carrying with it, as it does, the severance of our official relations. 
The same is true, in a large measure, of my personal Staff, to 
whom I am especially indebted for their labors under the direc- 
tion of the Inspector. To many Post Commanders and comrades, 
I am under obligations for favors and courtesies, both personal 
and in the interests of the Department. To each and all, official 
and private, I tender the thanks of my truh' grateful heart, and 
my most cordial good wishes for the future. It has been one of 
the proud distinctions of my life to have been your leader for a 
year, but I am prouder still of those relations that I sustained to 
this glorious country and my dear native State which entitle me 
to a place in the i-anks of this truly Grand Army of the Republic. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 271 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

John D. Billings, Dejxirtment Commander. 

Comrade: In compliance with the Rules and Regulatious of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, T herewith submit my annual 
report of the business transacted in this office the past year. 

Number of Posts, Dec. 31, 1883 160, 

" comrades same date 14,277 

" Posts, Dec. 31, 1884 180 

" comrades reported same date 16,637 

Net gain during the year 2,360 

The net gain by quarters is shown by the quarterly reports 
to be as follows, viz. : — 

First quarter, ending March 31 356 

Second quarter, ending June 30 1,037 

Third quarter, ending Sept. 30 o60 

Fourth quarter, ending Dec. 31 407 



2,360 
recapitulation. 

Number of comrades in good standing, Dec. 31, 1883 . 14,277 
" " gained by muster .... 2,794 

" " " transfer .... 279 

" " " reinstatement , . 1,921 

Total number gained 4,994 

Aggregate 19,271 

Number of comrades lost by death 195 

" " " honorable discharge . 59 

" " " transfer .... 353 

" " " suspension . . . 2,024 

" " " dishonorable discharge, 3 

Total loss 2,634 

Excess of gains over losses 2 360 

I herewith present a detailed report of the changes that have 
taken place in each Post the past year. 



272 



HISTORY DEFT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL, 
FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 31, 1884. 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman.. 

Dahlgren 

William H. Bartlett... 

U. S. Grant 

General Lander 

P.T. VVyman 

Chas. Russell Lowell. 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraiiara Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

C. C. Phillips. 



JohQ A. Andrew 15 



E. K. Wilcox 

Gen. Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrich Hecker — 
Major E. F. Fletcher. 

Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson.. 

Cbarles Devens 

George D. AVells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

William H. Smart... 
George W. Perrj- — 

Washington " 

Burbank 

Phil. H. Sheridan 

Theodore Winthrop . 

Francis Gould 

Frazer A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Xeedham 

Gen. H. G. Berry.... 

Lvon 

B". F. Butler 

John.\. Rawlins 

G.Wesley Nichols... 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 

George S. BoutwelL . 

A.W. Bartlett 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller. 

A. B. Randall 

Charles H. Stevens.. . 
Capt. C. S. Hastings. 

J. C. Freeman 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Major J. A. Pratt — 



GAIN 



53 

30 

118 

47 

38 

88 

173 

59 

71 

61 

200 

409 

47 

108 

39 

321 

100 

144 

297 

128 

33 

130 

203 

213 

31 

243 

135 

63 

55 

104 

22 

'gi 

131 

269 

24 



178 
166 
161 

51 
&35 

44 
218 

64 

74 
618 
117 
187 
113 

30 
284 
408 

58 

34 
215 

28 

64 

98 14 
105 11 



5 
29 
18 
15 

8 
32 

4 

6 
20 
89 

8 
29 
40 
164 
117 

7 

3 
13 
38 
20 
17 
63 
13 

4 
27 
29 
146 
14 
25 
46 

2 
21 

1 

4 
28 
23 
27 
332 

4 



LOSS 



233 
204 
183 

62 
1045 

51 
339 

74 
111 
658 
169 
217 
164 

49 

4a; 

501 

74 

55 

239 

•^S 

69 

127 

123 

68 

38 

150 

51 

44 

108 

262 

67 

100 

101 

364 

526 

54 

111 

52 

359 

120 

161 

360 

141 

37 

157 

232 

359 

45 

268 

181 

65 

76 

105 

26 

28 

114 

158 

601 

28 



3 111 

2 ;..., 

3 
2 
1 



11 

2 

22 

4 

190 

10 

32 

4 

20 

84 

4 

27 

8 

12 

113 

37 

7 

18 

21 

24 

10 

13 

14 

1 

3 

11 

10 

8 

6 

37 

4 

31 

19 

142 

126 

3 

8 

3 

28 

11 

30 

28 

12 

5 

8 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



273 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ASST. ADJT.- GENERAL— Confi/med. 



Name of Post. 



Franklin 

Nathaniel Lyon 

Charles Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone. Jr 

Joseph P. Rice , 

George A . Custer 

Kilpalrick 

A.St. .John Chambre.. 

Mcl'herson 

Hartsuff 

J. V. Gould 

CoUingwood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell 

Charles D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin. Jr 

Joseph E. Wilder 

M. K. Stowell 

J.. W . La wton 

William L. Baker 

Gen. S. Thayer 

Paul Revere 

John H. Chipman, Jr.. 

Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn 

Ozro Miller 

Revere 

Gen. E. W. Hinks 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. Griggs 

Henry Bryant 

Gen. Wm. F. Bartlett.. 

William B. Greene 

Charles .Sumner 

Huntington F. Wolcott 

Otis Chai)inan 

Edwin lluinphrey 

J. Orson Fiske 

Otis W. Wallace 

L. L. Mprrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson 

Capt. Horace Niles 

Joseph E. Simmons — 
D. Willard Robinson... 
Edward W. Kinsley — 

Col. C. R. Mudge 

E.S.Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade 

James A. Garfield 



GAIN 



LOSS 



o o 



I 5 - 



ai 



n 



^M 



rt re 
a> en 



1-5 1 s „ 



73 

104 

102 

139 
82 
43 

101 
43 

2.32 
28 
52 

112 
65 
94 

108 
98 

118 
23 

135 
89 
95 
49 

171 
30 
31 
36 

142 
71 
84 

I8:i 

146 
27 
57 
55 
70 
45 
28 
44 
27 
50 
70 
28 
56 
64 
65 
39 
58 
47 
81 
35 
.54 
36 
43 
98 
62 
37 
73 
29 
34 
36 

216 



274 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF ASST. ADJT.- GENERAL — Co/i^iHwed. 



Name of Post. 



Timothy Ingraliani 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker 

Justin Dimick 

W. W.Rockwell 

George E. Saylea 

T. L. Bouney 

Gen. James Appleton. . 

Wm. H. Freeman 

James M. Sargent 

George M. Thomas 

Charles Chipman 

Geo. H. Maintien 

Robert A. Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall 

Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis 

Willard C. Kinsley 

Hubbard V. Smith 

Frank D.Hammond... 

Burnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll 

Wm. A. Streeter 

Robert G. Shaw 

E. M. Stanton 

A. D. Weld 

Maj. George L. Stearns 

Armstrong 

Maior Boyd 

O. H. P. Sargent 

Gilman C. Parker 

Manha Sever 

Marcus Keep 

James A. Perkins 

Elbiid-eB. Piper 

Capt. E. T. Dresser.... 

John A. Hawes 

Alanson Hamilton 

Wohurn 

Manton E. Taft , 

Gen. J G. Foster 

Francis A. Clary , 

Wm . Wads worth 

Geo. C. Strong 

Je>se L. Reno 

Malcolm Ammidown 

George K. Bird 

John Rogers 

Henry H. Johnson 

G. K." Warren 

Albert S.Johnson 

Edwin E. Day 

Washburn 

Gen. Horace C. Lee 

Scott Bradley 

Myron Nichols 

Samue F. Woods 

Col. Geo. L. Prescott... 



121 

122 

123 

124 

125 

126 

12 

128 

129 

130 

131 

132 

133 

134 

135 

136 

137 

138 

139 

140 

141 

142 

143 

144 

145 

146 

14 

148 

149 

1,50 

151 

152 

153 

1.54 

155 

156 

157 

158 

159 

160 

161 

if;2 

163 
164 
165 
16H 
167 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 



GAIN 



LOSS 






NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 27i) 

Of the one hundred and eighty Posts comprising this Depart- 
ment, one hundred and twenty have gained in membership, three 
have the same number as one year ago, and forty have lost in 
number. Post making the largest per cent in gain is Post 124, 
East Bridgewater. 

The charter of I. D. Paull Post No. 55 of Taunton, on recom- 
mendation of the Department Commander, was revoked by vote 
of the Council of Administration, at a meeting held at Depart- 
ment Headquarters, July 12, 1884. Said number was afterwards 
given to J. C. Freeman Post of Provincetown. 

Number of rejections during the year, seventy-six. 

One hundred and ninety- five comrades have died during the 
year, — an excess over last year of twenty-six. This is not to be 
wondered at, when we take into consideration the fact that the 
Departmeut has increased in membership. 

The obituary reports from Posts up to the third quarter, end- 
ing September 30, were so few (although attention was called to it 
twice in General Orders) that in order to carry out the resolution 
of the last P]ncampmeut in regard to a memorial page, it became 
necessary to prepare a blank on which to make these reports ; by 
this means I am able to report one hundred and thirty out of the 
one hundred and niuety-five who have died, giving the name, age, 
rank, company, regiment or ship, and the Post to which the 
deceased belonged. 

It is to be hoped in the years to come that every name will 
be reported, in order that a complete record may be kept at 
headquarters. 

POSTS. 

Twenty-one new Posts have been mustered during the year, 
as follows, viz. : — 

Woburn Post No. 161 of AVoburn ; mustered Jan. 23, 1884; 
charter members, 45. Manton E. Taft Post No. 162 of Turners 
Falls; mustered Jan. 25, 1884; charter members, 36. Gen. 
J. G. Foster Post No. 163 of South Fran)ingham ; mustered 
March 25, 1884; charter members 36. Francis A. Clary Post 
No. 164 of Conway; mustered April 29, 1884; charter mem- 
bers, 17. William Wadsworth Post No. 165 of Duxbury ; mus- 
tered May 19, 1884; charter members, 24. George C. Strong 
Post No. 166 of Easthampton ; mustered June 17, 1884; charter 
members, 40. Jesse L. Keno Post No. 167 of Whitinsville ; 
mustered June 18, 1884; charter members, 14. Malcom Ammi- 
down Post No. 168 of Southbridge; nuistered June 27, 1884; 
charter members, 24. George K. Bird Post No. I(i9 of Norwood; 
mustered July 21, 1884; charter members, 29. John Rogers Post 
No. 170 of Mansfield ; mustered July 31, 1884 ; charter members, 
27. Albert S. Johnson Post No. 171 of Northfield ; mustered 



276 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Aug. 15, 1884; charter members, 23. E. K. Warren Post No. 
172 of Boltou ; mustered Aug. 18, 1884; charter members, 17. 
J. Arthur Johnson Post No. 173 of Sturbridge ; mustered August 
26, 1884 ; charter members, 37. Edwin E Day Post No. 174 of 
Greenfield; mustered Aug. 29, 1884; charter inembers, 62. 
Washburn Post No. 175 of Lancaster; mustered Sept. 5, 1884; 
charter members, 20. J. C. Freeman Post No. 55 of Province- 
town ; mustered Sept 23, 1884; charter members 17. Gen. 
Horace C. Lee Post No. 176 of Huntington; mustered Oct. 9, 
1884; charter members, 43. Scott Bradley Post No. 177 of 
Lee; mustered Nov. 6, 1884; charter members, 26. INIyron 
Nichols Post No. 178 of Otis; mustered Nov. 28, 1884; charter 
members, 20. Samuel F. Woods Post No. 179 of Barre ; mus- 
tered Dec. 11, 1884; charter members, 27. Old Concord Post 
180 of Concord; mustered Dec. 20, 1884; charter members, 27. 

Nineteen of these, with a charter membership of five hun- 
dred and thirty, were mustered during your administration. 
Post 161 and 162 were mustered in during the administration of 
Post Commander Evans. 

The gain of Posts by counties is as follows : Barnstable, 
one; Berkshire, 2; Bristol, one; P'ranklin, four; Hampshire, 
two ; Middlesex, three ; Norfolk, one ; Plymouth one ; AVor- 
cester, six. Total, twenty-one. 

I herewith present a tabulated report, giving in detail the 
strength of each county, number of each Post, and number of 
members, with date of charter. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



277 



TABULATED REFOUT BY COUNTIES. 





BARNSTABLE COUNTY 






Pos 


. 


No. 
Mems 


Date ot 
Charter. 


Pos 


. 


Mems 


Charte 


r 


84 


South Deerfleld 


, 31, 


April 


17 


1872 


132 


Sandwich, 


44, 


Feb. 


24 


1882 


93 


Shelburne Falls 


55, 


June 


15, 


1869 


141 


Harwich, 


43, 


Mar. 


15 


1882 


1.50 


Montague, 


44, 


Jan. 


12, 


1883 


55 


Provincetown, 


28, 


Sept. 


23 


1884 


162 


Turners Falls, 


48, 


Jan. 


25 


1884 




Total — Posts, 


3; members. 


115 




164 


Conway, 


21, 


April 


29, 


1884 














171 


Northfleld, 


23, 


Aug. 


15 


1884 




BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 






174 


Greenfield, 


68, 


Aug. 


29, 


1884 


79 


North Adams, 


89, 


Mar. 


20, 


1869 




Total — Posts, 9; 


members, 381. 




125 


Pittsfteld, 


191, 


Mar. 


10, 


1882 














126 


Adams, 


TO, 


June 


12, 


1870 




HAMPDEN 


COUNTY. 






15S 
177 
178 


Housatonic, 
Lee, 
Otis, 
Total — Posts, 6 


39, Aug. 23, 
26, Nov. 6, 
20, Nov. 28, 
members, 435. 


1863 
1884 
1884 


16 
41, 
71, 
103 


Springfield, 
Westfleld, 
Holyoke, 
Chicopee, 


464, 
1.31, 
112, 

64, 


Aug. 
Jan. 
Nov. 
Oct. 


9 

9, 

25 

27, 


1867 
1868 
1868 
1879 




BRISTOL 


COUNTY. 






107, 


Palmer, 


4V, 


July 


18, 


1881 


1, 


New Bedford, 


222, 


Oct. 


1^. 


1866 


155, 


Monson, 


62, 


May 


26, 


1883 


3, 


Taunton, 


161, 


Jau. 


2 


1867 




Total — Posts, 6; 


members, 880. 




46 


Fall River, 


232, 


Jan. 


22, 


1868 














52, 


South Easton, 


75, 


Feb. 


29, 


1868 




HAMPSHIRE COUNTY' 






145, 


Attleboro, 


104, 


June 


6, 


1871 


85, 


Ware, 


36, 


May 


12, 


1869 


146, 


New Bedford, 


20, 


April 


27, 


1881 


86, 


Northampton, 


142, 


Aug. 


4, 


1882 


170 


Mansfield, 


27, 


July 


31, 


1884 


97, 


Belchertown, 


44, 


Nov. 


23, 


1872 




Total — Posts, 7 : 


members, 941. 




147, 


Amherst, 


103, 


Oct. 


31, 


1882 














166, 


East Hampton, 


53, 


June 


17, 


1884 




p:ssex 


COUNTY'. 






176, 


Huntington, 


43, 


Oct. 


9, 


1884 


5, 


Lynn, 


855, 


Feb. 


27, 


1867 




Total — Posts, 6; 


members, 421. 




34, 


Salem, 


222 


Nov. 


15, 


1867 














39, 


Lawrence, 


331, 


Dec. 


10, 


1867 




MIDDI,ESEX COUNTY. 






45, 


Gloucester, 


149, 


Jan. 


21, 


1880 


4, 


Melrose, 


58, 


Feb. 


19, 


1867 


47, 


Haverhill, 


240, 


Jan. 


28, 


1868 


6, 


Holliston, 


41, 


March 8, 


1867 


49, 


Newburyport, 


251, 


Feb. 


1", 


1868 


9. 


Hudson, 


91, 


May 


27, 


1867 


50, 


Peabody, 


116, 


April 


28, 


1879 


12, 


Wakefield, 


190, 


Aug. 


16, 


1867 


67, 


Manchester, 


43, 


Sept. 


29, 


1868 


14, 


Hopkinton, 


37, 


July, 




1882 


82, 


Marblehead, 


171, 


Mar. 


29, 


1880 


18, 


Ashland, 


37, 


Aug. 


12, 


1867 


89, 


Beverly, 


183, 


June 


5, 


1869 


29, 


Waltham, 


102, 


Oct. 


21, 


1867 


90, 


Danvers, 


146, 


June 


8, 


1869 


30, 


Cambridgeport, 


225, 


Oct. 


23, 


1867 


95, 


Saugus, 


45, 


June 


4, 


1869 


33, 


Woburn, 


82, 


Nov. 


6, 


1867 


99, 


Andover, 


50, 


April 


18, 


1881 


36, 


Arlington, 


51, 


May 


26, 


1881 


100, 


Methuen, 


70, 


Feb. 


1, 


1877 


40, 


Maiden, 


109, 


Oct. 


1, 


1873 


101, 


Groveland, 


28, 


July 


16, 


1869 


42, 


Lowell, 


332, 


Jan. 


15, 


1868 


106, 


Rock port, 


58, 


Dec. 


30, 


1881 


43, 


Marlboro, 


129, 


Jan. 


15, 


1868 


108, 


Georgetown, 


81, 


Aug. 


18, 


1869 


48, 


Aver, 


43, 


Jan. 


18, 


1868 


114, 


Merrimac, 


62, 


Dec. 


20, 


1869 


56, 


Cambridge, 


107, 


June 


26, 


1868 


118, 


Swampscott, 


34, 


Jan. 


24, 


1870 


57, 


E. Cambridge, 


144, 


June 


29, 


1868 


122. 


Aniesbury, 


6-), 


Mar. 


23, 


1870 


62, 


Newton, 


102, 


July 


21, 


1868 


12S, 


Il)swich, 


106, 


Jan. 


IT, 


18S2 


63, 


Xatick, 


139, 


July 


23, 


1880 


151, 


West Newbury, 


13, 


Jan. 


10, 


1874 


66, 


Med ford. 


101, 


Aufr. 


21, 


1868 


152, 


Essex, 


37, 


Jan. 


22, 


1883 


75, 


Stoneliam, 


98, 


Dec. 


15. 


1869 




Total — Posts, 23 


; members, 3,ail 




81, 


Watertown, 


49, 


Dec. 


20, 


1871 














115, 


Groton, 


37, 


July 


.■iO, 


1874 




FRANKLIN 


COUNTY. 






119, 


Lexington, 


36, 








1". 


Orange, 


67, 


Aug. 


9. 


1867 


120, 


Lowell, 


216, 


Oct. 


26, 


1881 


20, 


Colerain, 


24, 


March 


4, 


1875 


138, 


Acton, 


64, 


May 


2, 


1883 



278 HISTOKY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

TABULATED REPORT BY COVtiTI'ES— Contiimed. 





No. 


Da 


e of 


Post. 


No. 


Date of 


Post. 


Mems. 


Ch; 


rter. 


Meins. 


Charter. 


139, Somerville, 


62, 


Aug. 


18, 1870 


26, Roxbury, 


139, 


Oct. 


1, 1867 


142, Framingbam, 


28, 


Nov. 


29, 1870 


32, South Boston, 


69, 


Nov. 


6, 1867 


148, Winchester, 


27, 


May 


22, 1872 


35, Chelsea, 


400, 


Nov. 


16, 1867 


156, Everett, 


51, 


June 


14, 1883 


68, Dorchester, 


232, 


Oct. 


8, 1868 


161, Wobiirn, 


56, 


Jan. 


23, 1884 


92, Brighton, 


57, 


Nov. 


12, 1873 


163, S. Frainingham, 


46, 


Mar. 


25, 1884 


113, Boston, 


98, 


Dec. 


18, 1869 


180, Concord, 


27, 


Dec. 


20, 1884 


134, Boston, 


48, 


June 


29, 1870 


Total — Posts, 32 


members, 2 


907. 


149, Charlestown, 


43, 


Dec. 


11, 1872 


NORFOLK 


COUNTY. 




159, East Boston, 


105, 


Sept. 


7, 1883 


58, Weymouth, 


190, 


July 


2, 1868 


Total — Posts, 15 


; members, 2 


358. 


60, Franklin, 


73, 


May 


16, 1881 










72, Stoughton, 


65, 


Nov. 


13, 1868 


WORCESTER COUNTY. 




87, Braintree, 


Tl, 


June 


2, 1869 


10, Worcester, 


574, 


April 


13, 1867 


88, Quincy, 


84, 


June 


4, 1869 


19, Fitchburg, 


218, 


Aug. 


16, 1867 


91, Foxboro, 


27, 


June 


12, 1869 


22, Milford, 


114, 


Sept. 


19, 1867 


94, Canton, 


70, 


June 


24, 1869 


24, Grafton, 


67, 


Sept. 


25, 1867 


98, Cohasset, 


27, 


Jan. 


12, 1883 


25, Uxbridge, 


35, 


Sept. 


.30, 1867 


102, Milton, 


56, 


April 


3, 1879 


27, Oxford, 


41, 


Nov. 


12, 1870 


110, Randolph, 


54, 


Oct. 


29, 1869 


28, West Boylston, 


36, 


Oct. 


12, 1867 


117, Medfield, 


29, 


Jan. 


3, 1870 


37, Spencer, 


103, 


Nov. 


20, 1867 


121, Hyde Park, 


147, 


Mar. 


22, 1870 


38, Brooklield, 


49, 


Nov. 


27, 1867 


130, Medway, 


41, 


Mar. 


18, 1882 


44, Southboro, 


32, 


May 


17, 1878 


133, Plainville, 


39, 


May 


23, 1882 


51, N. Brooklield, 


64, 


Feb. 


28, 1868 


143, Brookline, 


41, 


Jan. 


24, 1871 


.53, Leominster, 


103, 


•Tune 


13, 1868 


144, Dedham, 


83, 


May 


22, 1871 


54, Berlin, 


23, 


June 


2, 1868 


157, Walpole, 


36, 


July 


21, 1883 


.59, Sterling, 


28, 


July 


3, 1868 


169, Norwood, 


31, 


July 


21, 1884 


61, NVebster, 


104, 


July 


21, 1868 


Total— Posts, IS; members. 


1,164. 


64, Clinton, 


82, 


Aug. 


17, 1868 


PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 




65, Warren, 


43, 


Aug. 


21, 1868 


8, Middleboro, 


70, 


Mar. 


10, 1867 


69, Westminster, 


28, 


Nov. 


9, 1866 


13, Brockton, 


156, 


July 


I, 1867 


70, Millbury, 


.52, 


Aug. 


3, 1876 


31, Scituate, 


63, 


July 


15, 1875 


77, Holden, 


23, 


Jan. 


19, 1869 


73, Abington, 


94, 


Dec. 


23, 1868 


80, Westboro, 


95, 


June 


18, 1881 


74, Rockland, 


108, 


Jan. 


11, 18G9 


96, Northboro, 


28, 


June 


28, 1869 


76, Plymouth, 


118, 


Jan. 


19, 1869 


105, Upton, 


39, 


July 


15, 1881 


78, So. Abington, 


135, 


Jan. 


30, 1869 


109, Templeton, 


35, 


Oct. 


11, 1869 


83, Hanover, 


30, 


April 


29, 1869 


116, Gardner, 


73, 


Dec. 


30, 1869 


104, Hinjrham, 


65, 


July 


29, 1869 


123, Athol, 


101, 


June 


1, 1870 


111, Pembroke, 


36, 


Oct. 


29, 1869 


129, Millville, 


26, 


April 


> 25, 1883 


112, South Scituate 


. 4S, 


Nov. 


1, 1869 


1.31, Leicester, 


51, 


June 


21, 1870 


124, E. Bridgewater, 48 


June 


7, 1870 


135, Shrewsbury, 


23, 


Dec. 


30, 1873 


127, Hanson, 


31 


June 


11, 1870 


136, Rutland, 


47, 


July 


1, 1870 


154, Kingston, 


41 


May 


24, 1883 


137, East Douglas, 


25, 


Sept. 


21, 1882 


1G5, Duxbury, 


36, 


May 


19, 1884 


140, Athol, 


86, 


Feb. 


22, 1881 


Total — Posts, 15; me 


mbers 


1,074. 


153, Winchendon, 


60 


Mar. 


6, 1883 










160, W. Brooklield 


32 


Sept. 


18, 1883 


SUFFOLK COUNTY. 




167, Whitinsville, 


21 


June 


18, 1884 


2, South Bo.ston, 


202 


Feb. 


26, 1880 


172, Bolton, 


17 


Aug. 


18, 1884 


7, Boston, 


307 


, Mar 


11, 1867 


173, Sturbridge, 


37 


Aug. 


26, 1884 


11, Charlestown, 


165 


April 23, 1867 


175, Lancaster, 


20 


Sept. 


5, 1884 


15, Boston, 


323 


I Aug 


6, 1867 


168, Southbridge, 


42 


June 


27, 1884 


21, Boston, 


59 


, Feb. 


22, 1881 


179, Barre, 


27 


Dec. 


11, 1884 


23, East Boston, 


109 


, Sept 


. 17, 1867 


Total — I'osts, 


40; members 


, 2,704. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. '279 



REPORTS. 

It was veiy gratifying to me to be able to forward complete 
consolidated reports for the fourth quarter ending December 31, 
to National Headquarters, January 16. This could not have 
been done but for the promptness of Post officers in forwarding 
their reports to Department Headquarters, for which they have 
my heartfelt thanks. Now comrades, if these I'eports can be in 
the hands of the Assistant Adjutant-General on time one quarter, 
why not each quarter? They can, by your assistance, and it is 
sincerely to be hoped the effort made by Post officers this last 
quarter will become the rule, and not the exception. 

HEADQUARTERS. 

I regret that I have been unable to accept but a few of the 
many pressing invitations to visit Posts the past year. As the 
Department increases in membership, the work devolving upon 
the Assistant Adjutant-General increases, and it requires all his 
time to properly discharge his duties. Only those who visit 
headquarters can form an}' idea of the amount of work. I trust 
no Post has felt offended because I did not accept their kind 
invitation. There have been issued during the year twelve 
General Orders one hundred and twelve Special Orders, and 
five circulars. To conduct the correspondence it required o,000 
letter-heads, and 2,500 postal cards. All letters received have 
been filed, numbered and indexed. 

In closing, I return my thanks to the officers of Posts and 
comrades, for their courtesy in my official relations with them ; 
to the Staff' officers, for the assistance the}' have given me in the 
discharge of my duties; to you, Department Commander, I 
extend m}' personal and heartfelt thanks, and assure you I highly 
appreciate the honor you conferred upon me in appointing me to 
this office. I shall look back with pleasure and pride to my 
association with you the past year. 

I have the honor to be. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

A. C. MONROE, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



280 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. op Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade: I have the honor to report to you, and through 
you to the comrades of the Department Encampment, the work 
that has been done b}' this office during the year now about clos- 
ing, and while it has been my pleasure to act as Assistant Quar- 
termaster-General. 

The following abstracts, su.-tained by complete vouchers, 
contain a full statement of receipts, expenditures and issues : — 



RECEIPTS. 



1884. Dr. 

Cash ou hand as per last report . . . 

Received for dues, first quarter, 1884 
" " second quarter, 1884 
" " third quarter, 1884 . 
" " fourth ([uarter, 1884 
" " books and blanks . 
" " badges .... 
" " sundries 



Total receipts 



L,744 31 



1,166 


86 


1,186 


10 


1,257 


82 


628 


31 


1,890 


60 


260 


50 



?,134 50 



EXPENDITURES. 



Cr. 
Paid National Headquarters, supplies . . 
" " dues .... 

rent and care of office 

salaries 

inspection expenses 

printing, books and blanks, etc 1 

sundries (postage, postals, telegrams, express, 
extra clerk and oflice expense) .... 

organizing new Posts 

flood sufierers and charity 

Department Commander, travelling expenses 
" " and Assistant Adju- 

tant-General, National Encampment . . 



Total expenditures 



Balance to new account . 
Vouchers cover expenses. 



$1,559 75 




460 58 




429 63 




1,191 63 




450 41 




1,071 05 




495 68 




192 73 




125 00 




81 19 




74 00 






$6,131 65 




$2,002 85 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 281 



Supplementary Report from Jan. 1 to Jan. 20, 1884. 

1884 Dr. 

Cash on hand as per last report $2,002 85 

Received for dnes ... 1,278 76 

books and blanks 53 09 

" badges 154 80 

" sundries 51 03 

Total receipts $3,540 53 



expenditures. 

Paid National Headquarters, supplies .... $88 35 

" " " dues ..... 166 37 

" rent and care of office 40 33 

" salaries 108 33 

" printing, books and blanks . .... 134 40 

" sundries, postage, postal cards, express, clerk 

hire, office expenses 'JO 39 

" Department Commander, travelling- expenses 26 74 

" " Inspector 50 00 

Total expenditures .^704 91 

Balance to new account $2,835 62 



Assets, Jan. 29, 1885. 

Cash on hand ^2 835 62 

Value of supplies on hand '345 24 

Due from Posts for supplies 16 90 

Office furniture 400 00 

Colors ; ; ; 30 oo 

Total assets $3,627 76 

and no liabilities. 

The Department has reason for congratulation on its pres- 
ent excellent financial standing. I am greatly indebted, and 
make, in consequence, my acknowledgments, to Comrade A. C. 
Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General, for having performed most 
of the duties of the office. 

With my warmest thanks to the Commander and ofticers of 
the Staff for continued favors and kindness, 

I am yours in F., C. and L., 

THOMAS E. BARKER, 
Assistant Quartermaster-General . 



282 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF INSPECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Dec. 31, 1884, 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : In accordance with Rules and Regulations, I have 
the honor to submit the following as my report for the past 
year : — 

Nineteen posts have been organized during my term of 
office, located as follows: 163, South Framiugham; 164, Con- 
way; 165, Duxbury ; 166, East Hampton; 167, Whitinsville ; 
168, Sonthbridge; 169, Norwood; 170, Mansfield ; 171, North- 
field ; 172, Bolton; 173, Sturbridge ; 174, Greenfield ; 175, Lan- 
caster; 176, Huntington; 55, Provincetown ; 177, Lee; 178, 
Otis; 179, Barre; 180, Concord. 

I have personally organized all of these Posts, travelling in 
the performance of this duty over three thousand miles. There 
have been two inspections of the Department during the year, at 
each of which every Post was inspected. 

The spring inspection was by order of the Commander-in 
Chief. One copy of the report thereof was forwarded to the 
Inspector-General ; the duplicate is on file at this office. The 
fall inspection was ordered by the Department Commander, and 
I respectfully forward herewith the report therefor. 

Notwithstanding the increased number of Aides, there have 
not been enough Assistant Inspectors to perform the duty within 
the given time, either at the spring or fall inspections, and I 
would respectfully recommend that hereafter there be a sufficient 
number appointed, so that no one need have more than three 
Posts to inspect. 

Number of comrades in good standing . . . 16,206 

" remaining suspended 863 

" dropped during the year .... 366 

Posts in which the ritual is committed to memory . 114 

" in which the ritual is properly performed . . 112 

" in which the officers wear proper rank badges 149 

" in which the guards are armed and equipped . 143 

" in which a badge is presented to recruits . . 117 

" in which the officers are regular in attendance 163 

•' in which the records are properly kept . . 169 

'' in which all i-eports and dues have been forwarded 175 

'' in which the (Quartermaster's bond is filed . 1 64 

" in which weekly benefits are paid .... 32 

" in which the members are uniformed ... 140 



NINKTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



283 



Number Posts in wliicli the uniform consists of hat or cap, 

blouse and pants 

" "in which the uniform consists of hat or cap 

and blouse 

in which the uniform consists of hat or cap, 
reported in excellent condition . . . . 

reported in good condition 

reported in fair condition 

reported in poor condition . 
Amount of money in Post Poinds .... 

" money in Relief Funds .... 

" other funds in property held by Posts 

'' expended in charity during the year 

Number of comrades relieved 

" persons not comrades relieved 



The average attendance at Post meetings is 



20 

60 

60 

. . 53 

. . 83 

. . 24 

15 

$36,845 13 

120,569 43 

90,009 94 

35,793 51 

1,234 

927 

-"10 10 



284 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman, 

Dalilgren 

W. H. Bartlett 

U.S. Grant 

General Lander 

P. T. Wyman 

Chas. Rusi-ell Lowell 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster — 

C. C. Phillips 

John A. Andrew 

E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick.. . 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner — 

H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrich Hecker — 
Ma.i. E. F. Fletcher. 
Joseph Hooker 

A. H. R. Sprague.. . 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson . 

Chas. Uevens 

Geo. D. Wells 

F. P. H. Rogera 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo. W. Perry 

Washington 

Burbank 

Phil. H. Sheridan... 
Theodore Winthrop 
Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Gen. H. G. Berry ... . 
Lyon 

B. F. Butler 

John A. Rawlins 

G. Wesley Nichols.. 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major Howe 

Geo. S. Boutwell 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Chas. H. Stevens 

Cai>t. r. S. Hastings 

I. J). Paull 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Revnolds 

Maj. J. A. Pratt 

Franklin 





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214 


2 


198 


3 


166 


4 


56 


.5 


863 


6 


42 


7 


290 


8 


67 


9 


88 


10 


564 


11 


161 


12 


186 


18 


1,58 


14 


26 


1.5 


285 


16 


448 


17 


64 


18 


34 


19 


217 


20 


26 


21 


60 


•23 


112 


23 


100 


24 


67 


2,5 


35 


26 


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27 


44 


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34 


29 


101 


30 


200 


31 


62 


32 


06 


33 


76 


34 


208 


35 


383 


36 


50 


37 


110 : 


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49 


39 


340 


40 


109 


41 


153 


42 


326 


43 


132 


44 


35 


45 


139 


46 


230 


47 


256 


48 


44 


49 


261 


50 


108 i 


51 


65 


52 


71 


5a 


104 


54 


24 


55 




56 


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57 


139 


58 


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59 


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Yes 

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Of what does the 
uniform consist 1 



Blouse 
Blouse 



Hat 



Blouse 
, Blouse, 



Blouse, 
, Blouse 



Pants 
Pants 



, Blouse, Pants 
Pants 



, Blouse 
Blouse, 
Blouse 



, Blouse 
Blouse 



Hat, 
Hat, 
Hat 
Hat 
Hat, 
Cap, 



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Blouse 



Blouse 
Blouse 



Hat, Blouse 



Blouse 
, Blouse 



, Blouse 
, Blouse, 

, Blouse 
, Blouse, 
, Blouse 
, Blouse 
, Blouse 
, Blouse 



, Blouse, Pants 



Pants 
Pants 



Cap 
Hat, 
Hat, 



Blouse 
Blouse 
Blouse, 



Pants 



Yes 

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40 


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15 


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80 


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68 


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20 


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13 


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59 


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14 


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25 


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30 


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35 


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20 


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16 


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17 


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12 


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22 


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77 


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2:i 


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25 


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25 


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42 


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100 


Yes 


20 


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25 


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15 


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38 


Yes 


33 


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33 


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75 


Y'es 


32 


Yes 


14 


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30 


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60 


Yes 


46 


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17 


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63 


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20 


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16 


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23 


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20 


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12 


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20 


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25 


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35 


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50 


Yes 


13 


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25 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



285 



Massachusetts G.A.R., for Year Ending Dec 31, 1884. 






S3 00 
5 OOi 
i 00 

2 00 
G 00| 

3 OOl 
3 50 
3 50 

2 00 

3 50 
5 00 
3 00 
3 50 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 
5 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

2 00 
1 00 

3 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 60 

3 00 
5 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 

2 00 
1 50 

1 65 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

4 00 

3 00 
2 60 
3 
2 00 

4 00 
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4 00 
4 00 

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1 70 

3 60 
1 00 

1 00 

4 00 

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15 00 

2 no 

1 75 



S4 00 
3 00 

2 60 

3 00 
3 00 
3 00 
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3 00 

4 00 

2 00 

3 00 
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60 
4 00 
2 00 

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3 00 

4 00 
2 00 
2 00 
4 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 
4 00 
4 00 
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2 00 
2 00 



$10S 97 

459 27 

282 99 
63 72 

910 09 
70 80 

333 81 
59 16 

116 68 

352 93 

2,426 76 

26 01 

82 90 

91 41 

468 03 

2,467 18 

28 94 

348 53 

1,840 17 

72 61 

37 15 

247 71 
54 37 

146 76 
7 35 

262 47 
82 73 
12 40 

214 53 

887 73 
37 00 
14 18 
50 83 
35 03 

492 98 
77 59 

115 01 



345 01 

70 00 

26 42 

2,600 73 

72 90 

72 84 

636 62 

192 14 



3 24 
14 39 

66 22 
381 81 
164 00 
52 23 
20 45 



73 36 
220 00 
259 32 

26 46 
4 88 



.?722 51 

2,705 46 

2,028 72 

670 32 

4,423 38 

25 00 

1,435 00 

717 38 

845 88 

3,020 06 



689 05 

833 46 

337 33 

73 56 

2,033 52 

282 80 

554 14 

£,589 97 

117 71 

515 61 

613 23 

6 30 

62 85 

181 16 

511 67 

59 57 

110 00 

2,045 14 

1,443 00 

1,193 no 

95 00 

429 86 

1,229 93 



786 05 
346 70 
325 00 

1,363 03 
916 25 
366 99 

3,177 44 

3,390 19 
252 57 

1,645 18 
82 02 

5,180 49 

545 10 

39 43 

1,282 33 
114 57 
380 42 
726 26 
174 55 



776 94 



13,000 00 
407 36 
403 80 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes! 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



S138 51 



Yes 

Yes 
Yes 
No 
Yes 



1,000 00 



23,127 70 

1,000 00 

3,200 00 

300 00 

400 00 

1,800 00 

342 38 

621 50 



"^ ^ 



o 3,v. 

■2.S ^ 

S-o o- 



150 00 

1,000 00 

400 00 
125 00 
600 00 
2,500 00 
75 00 
175 00 

825 no 

250 00 
75 00 
125 00 



400 00 



1,200 00 

1,700 00 

250 00 



235 00 
1,700 00 



13 00 

200 no 

1,191 35 
1,500 00 



1,800 00 

423 37 

50 00 



100 00 

10,000 00 

1,000 00 

875 00 

50 00 

645 00 

300 00 



1,500 00 J Yes 
500 00 No 
500 00 No 

Yes 

5 00 No 



4 00 



Yes $3 00 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 



3 00 



1 00 
3 00 



4 00 



2 00 
5 00 



3 00 
*2 00 



$219 58 

600 00 

1,028 71 

192 70 

5,602 28 

409 11 

334 90 

145 50 

200 00 

1,565 38 

63 23 
661 IS 
175 00 

50 40 
514 40 
249 02 

71 50 
100 61 
550 40 

18 00 

75 00 
264 47 
477 22 

5 85 
157 88 
324 17 

68 43 
98 50 
162 00 
251 30 
28 00 
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65 89 
732 60 
604 on 
216 84 
148 60 
43 75 
l,2;i4 36 

228 96 
37 00 

1,081 81 

423 37 

40 96 

229 47 
141 91 
778 41 

6 00 
305 63 
991 84 

7 50 
173 01 
204 80 



289 36 

289 35 

1,121 54 

16 00 

95 47 



S™ 



S £ 



12 
4 

35 

2 

225 

15 

31 

10 
1 

29 
1 

25 
9 
1 

16 

20 
2 
4 

20 
1 
4 
7 
9 
1 
2 
8 



5 
17 

1 

2 
12 
12 
34 

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21 

27 

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i) 

5 
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4 

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Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Fair 

Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
S^xcellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
j:xcellent 
Fair 

Excellent 
Excellent 
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Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Fail- 
Fair 

Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
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Good 
Good 
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Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Goo.l 
(iood 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Poor 
Gr.od 
Fair 



286 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 





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61 


100 


Yes 


R'2 


97 


Yes 


63 


140 


Yes 


()+ 


84 


Yes 


65 


43 


Yes 


66 


96 


Yes 


67 


44 


Yes 


68 


241 


Yes 


69 


29 


No 


70 


50 


No 


71 


108 


Yes 


72 


58 


No 


73 


95 


No 


74 


106 


Yes 


75 


98 


Yes 


76 


1-20 


Yes 


77 


23 


No 


78 


135 


No 


79 


88 


Yes 


80 


93 


Yes 


81 


49 


Yes 


8-.' 


171 


Yes 


S3 


31 


No 


84 


34 


Yes 


85 


36 


No 


86 


132 


Y'es 


87 


71 


Yes 


SS 


84 


Y'es 


89 


174 


Yes 


90 


146 


Yes 


91 


28 


No 


92 


57 


No 


93 


55 


Yes 


94 


67 


No 


95 


45 


No 


96 


29 


Yes 


97 


45 


No 


98 


•27 


No 


99 


57 


No 


100 


74 


Y'es 


101 


36 


Yes 


lO'i 


55 


Yes 


103 


68 


Yes 


104 


64 


Yes 


105 


38 


Yes 


100 


54 


No 


107 


47 


No 


108 


82 


No 


109 


34 


No 


110 


54 


Yes 


111 


37 


Yes 


112 


40 


Yes 


113 


92 


Yes 


114 


61 


Yes 


115 


3S 


No 


116 


61 


\'es 


117 


27 


No 


118 


36 


Yes 


119 


35 


Yes 


120 


213 


Yes 



Of what does the 
uniform consist? 



'-^l5S 



•o S 



d « aJ 



5 S S 



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Nathaniel Lyon 

Chas. Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 

J. b! Rice 

Geo. A. Custer 

Kilpatrick 

A. St. John Chambre. 

McPherson 

HartsufE 

J. P.Gould 

Collinj;wood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell 

Chas. D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

AY. L. Baker 

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer 

Paul Revere 

J. H. Chipman, Jr 

Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn 

Ozro Miller 

Revere 

Gen. E. W. Hincks... 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. GrigRS 

Henrv F. Brvant 

Gen. W. F. Bartlett... 

William B. Greene 

Charles Sumner 

H. F. AVolcott 

Otis Chapman 

P'dwin Humphrey 

J. Orson Fiske 

O. W. Wallace 

L. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson 

Capt. Horace Niles 

J. E. Simmons 

L). Willard Robinson.. 

E. W. Kinsley 

Col. C R. Mudge 

E. S. Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

James L.Bates 

George G. Meade 

James A. Garfield 



Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

YfS 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es; 

Yes: 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Hat, 
at. 

at. 
It 



a}) 
_lat 
Hat- 



Hat 



Y'es Hat 

Y'es 

Yes H 

Yes H 

Yes H 

No 

No 

Yes 

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No 

No 

Yes c 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

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Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yc 

No 

Y 



Blouse 
Blouse 
Blouse 
Blouse 



Cap, Blouse 
Hat 



Blouse 
Blouse, Pants 



Y^es 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
No 



I 
Yes Yes 
Yes Y'es 
Y'es Y'^es 
Yes Yes 
Y^es Yes 
Yes No 
Y'es Y'es 
Yes Y'es 
No I No 
Yes No 
Y'es Yes 
Y'es Yes 
Yes Yes 



YeslY'es Yes 



Hat 
Hat, 
Cap 
Hat, 
Hat 
Hat 
Hat 



Pants 
Blouse, 



Cap, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
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Blouse 
Blouse 



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Pants 



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Cap, 



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Hat, 
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Yes 

Y 

Y 

Y 

Y 

N 

Yes 

Yes 

N( 

\' 

Y 



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Blouse 
Blouse, 



Hat, 
Hat 



Blouse 



es Hat, 
es Hat 



No 

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Yes Hat, Blouse, 

No .... 

Y'es Hat, 

Yes Cap 

No 

Yes Hat 

Y'es Hat, Blouse 



Blouse, 
Blouse 



Pants 
Pants 



Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

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Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 



Y'es Yes 
Y'es, Yes 
No Y'es 
Y^es Yes 
Yes'Yes 
Yes 'Yes 
Yes Y'es 



Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

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Yes 

Yes 

No 

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Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 



Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'e- 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 



Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Y'es 
Yes 



Yes Yes 



Yes 
Y'es 



No 
No 
Yes Yes 

Yes I Yes 
Yes Yes 
No lYes 
Y'es Yes 



Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 



Yes Yes 

No Yes 

No Yes 

Yes Yes 

No Yes 

Yes Y'es 

Y'es Y'es 

Yes Yes 



3 

None 

None 

1 

4 

None 

18 .None 

5 13 

None 

18 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



287 



Mass. G.A.R., for Year Ending Dec. 3i. 1884 — Continued. 



s- 



$2 CO 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

2 00 
1 

4 00 

1 00 

3 60 

2 00 
2 00 
2 60 
3 
2 00 

1 75 

2 00 

3 00 

2 60 

3 50 

2 00 
r, 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 32 

2 00 

1 75 

3 00 1 

2 00 
2 00 ! 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00' 
2 00 

2 00 

5 00 

3 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 60 
2 50 

4 01) 



$2 00 
4 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

4 00 

1 00 

2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 
3 00 

3 00 
50 

2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

4 00 

3 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 
3 00 

3 00 
2 32 

4 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 32 
3 00 
3 00 
3 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

4 00 

2 00 
2 00 
6 00 
4 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 32 

2 00 
4 00 



$178 04 

21 34 

325 00 

472 00 

55 15 

68 31 

44 95 

635 69 

46 16 

204 83 

160 22 

241 39 

1,265 00 

53 95 

107 03 

411 48 

28 63 

18 46 

565 00 

153 46 

509 03 

166 74 

41 44 



111 40 

33 14 

19 00 

13 09 

12 83 

2,955 51 

23 92 

22 00 

6:« 00 

439 92 

121 30 

9 79 

8 58 



400 00 

316 22 
6 01 
3 75 

542 ( 
46 00 

303 34 
58 48 
90 94 
24 03 

108 10 

122 78 
33 12 
66 00 

116 S3 

1,300 59 

88 88 

224 80 

477 09 
n 69 
95 65 

567 74 



$2,007 89 

1,437 44 

47 19 

123 CO 

107 35 



626 32 
987 30 
33 44 
133 86 
25 00 
185 53 
105 00 

1,834 23 
776 30 

1,834 24 
248 22 
630 ()4 



2,154 57 
456 36 
73 02 
532 98 
225 00 
330 30 
471 88 
100 00 

2,941 19 
874 59 



39 48 

40 60 



767 97 
608 70 
29 41 
48 50 
600 00 
491 00 



408 00 
431 9i' 



675 00 
240 25 
915 19 
59 09 
380 00 
4,227 66 



1 44 
1,452 53 



27 40 

698 75 

4,812 60 



£ o. 



Yes 



No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes! 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 



$450 00 



600 00 
15 00 



300 00 
1,000 00 



800 00 
1,200 00 
2,000 00 



500 00 
1,500 00 



500 00 
600 00 
945 00 
450 00 



100 00 
350 00 



400 00 

500 00 

3,(1(10 00 

300 00 



75 00 
53 00 

300 00 
35 00 

150 00 



650 00 
30 00 
45 78 



73 00 



No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 



$5 00 



2 50 

3 00 



Sii 



3 00 
3 00 



3 00 



3 00 



$196 36 

177 40 

171 27 

107 30 

21 48 

(i5 20 

5 00 

795 91 



16 01 
160 16 
297 39 
115 00 
393 00 
102 53 
187 73 
7 50 
586 65 

77 85 

72 60 
408 70 
354 00 

31 50 



1 10 

10 00 
129 75 
276 55 
931 97 
453 36 

21 00 
150 00 

85 00 
358 97 

52 50 



11 00 



17 10 

14 00 

15 00 
70 00 
53 50 
87 50 
30 50 
64 00 



107 56 
40 00 

115 00 
10 00 
20 00 

506 38 

128 22 



184 91 
61 25 
8 00 
11 25 

731 45 



9 

10 

10 

8 

1 

None 

Noue 

29 



1 
1 

10 
3 
9 
6 

None 
14 
6 
4 
3 
1 
1 



9 
1 
3 
1 
None 
2 
3 



2 

1 

1 

None 

26 



C 3 

O ?i 

h|I. 



3 
4 

18 
None 

4 
None 

6 



1 

None 
None 
None 

4 

1 

2 



3 

1 

1 

1 
None 
None 
None 



1 
1 

None 
1 



Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Fair 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Hxcellent 

Excellent 

Poor 

Good 

Foor 

(xood 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Poor 

Good 

Poor 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Poor 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 



288 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Timothy Ingraham. . . 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker 

Justin Dimick 

W. W. Rockwell 

George K. Sayles 

T. h. Bonney 

Gen. James Appleton. 
William H. Freeman. 

James II. Sargent 

George H. Thomas 

Cliarles Chipman 

George H. JNlaintien.. 

Robert A.Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall 

Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis 

Willard C. Kinsley 

Hubbard V. Smith... 
Frank D. Hammond.. 

Burnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll 

Wm. A. Streeter 

Robert G. Shaw 

E. M. Stanton 

A.D. Weld 

Maj. G. L. Stearns 

Armstrong : 

Major Boyd 

O. H.P. Sargent 

Oilman C. Parker 

Martha Sever 

Marcus Keep 

James A. Perkins 

Elbridge D. Piper 

E. S. Dresser 

John A. Hayes 

Alanson Hamilton. . . 

Woburn 

Manton E. Taft 

Gen. J. G. Foster 

Francis A. Clary 

Wm. Wadsworth 

Geo. C. Strong 

Jesse L. Reno 

Malcolm Ammidown 

George K. Bird 

John Rogers 

Henry H. Johnson. . , 

G. K." Warren , 

Albert S. Johnson 

Edwin E. Day 

Washburn , 



S S 






a§^ 



142 
57 
96 
49 

179 
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33 

104 
31 
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30 
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85 
43 
30 
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84 

106 
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59 
38 
60 
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104 
•26 
57 
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30 
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> g K 






NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



289 



Mass. G.A.R,, for Year Ending Dec. 3i, 1884: — Continued. 



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41 00 

2 95 

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178 62 


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119 41 
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1 















290 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

I heartily congratulate the members of this Department on 
the increased accuracy with which the work of the Order is per- 
formed by the Posts, and on the greater interest manifested by 
the officers and comrades in bringing their Posts up to the high 
standard of discipline so long maintained by this Department. 

I wish to thank all the comrades who have acted as Assistant 
Inspectors for the prompt, faithful, efficient and intelligent 
manner in which they have performed their duties. 

I wish also to tender my cordial thanks to Aides-de-Camp 
B. Read Wales and W. L. Gage for assistance rendered on 
several occasions at the formation of new Posts. 

To my fellow-members of the official Staff I would say that 
their fraternity and good-fellowship have rendered the past year 
one of the pleasantest in a somewhat long connection with the 
Grand Army, and have in many ways lightened the sometimes 
perplexing duties of my office. 

I have the honor to remain, 

Yours fraternally, 

S. A. GUSHING, Jr. 

Inspector. 



REPORT OF CHIEF MUSTERING OFFICER. 

Headquarters Deft, of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Comrade : In compliance with the Rules and Regulations, I 
have the honor to respectfully report, that during the past year I 
have assisted at the organization of eight Posts, have attended 
four meetings of the Council of Administration, and have offici- 
ated at the installation ceremonies of Post 165 of Duxbury. 
The applications for installing officers have been filled, and com- 
rades so designated have creditably performed the duties assigned 
them. 

In closing this brief report, I beg leave to assure the many 
comrades whose acquaintance I have formed, and whose kind 
hospitality I have so much enjoyed, that no greater pleasure can 
befall me than to have the opportunity to reciprocate those many 
favors ; and also to express my heartfelt thanks to the Depart- 
ment Commander and his Staff, for the courtesies extended in 
the performance of my duties. 

Yours in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 

GEORGE 11. BONNEY, Jr 

Chief Mustering Officer. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 291 



KEPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan. 24, 1885. 

Alfred C. Monroe, Assistant Ad j atant- General . 

Comrade : I herewith submit my report for the past ^^ear. 
I have given eight opinions upon various questions arising upon 
appeal or other matters submitted to me by order of the Depart- 
ment Commander. I have been detailed and acted as Judge 
Advocate in one Department court-martial, which resulted in a 
verdict of acquittal upon all the charges preferred against the 
comrade accused. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

JOHN H. HARDY, 

Judge Advocate. 

REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 

Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

Commandei' and Comrades : The Council of Administration, 
in presenting their report to this Convention, feel that the full 
and elaborate reports from the several Departments already 
received leave little for them to add to which your attention has 
not already been called. 

We have held four regular meetings and one special meet- 
ing, all of which have been very fully attended, showing a grati- 
fying interest in the work of the Department by its elective 
offlcers. 

At the meeting of February 16, the action of the Commander 
in sending S25 to the Department of Kentucky in aid of the 
sufferers by the floods was approved. 

At the meeting of July 12, the Council voted, on recom- 
mendation of the Department Commander, to revoke the charter 
of I. D. Paull Post No. 55 of Taunton. 

October 25, the Council approved the action of the Com- 
mander at the National Encampment, in subscribing for this 
Department the sum of $100 to the fund raised for Comrade 
Johnson of Dakota, who lost his leg by a railroad accident. 

At the special meeting held December 20, arrangements 
were made for the convening of this Encampment. 

The large increase in the luimber of Posts, with the general 
desire to receive an official visit from the Commander during his 
term of office, makes so loud a call on that otlicer's time and 
purse as to practically place the ofliee out of the reach of many 
able and worthy comrades. To lighten the duties in a measure, 



292 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

your Council would recommend that the sum of $300 be appro- 
priated by this Encampment, the same as last year, to be used in 
paying the travelling fares of the Commander while on official 
visits, and of the Senior and Junior Vice-Commanders when 
acting for him on official business, such payments to be approved 
by the Elective Council ; also that the travelling fares of the 
Commander and the Assistant Adjutant-General to the National 
ICncampment be paid by the Department. 

The rapid growth of this Department shows most conspicu- 
ously in the financial statement of the Assistant (Quartermaster- 
General, and there seems to be no good reason now apparent 
why this most gratifying increase of receipts over expenditures 
should not continue for several years to come, when the receipts 
must begin to diminish, and so continue until the balances appear 
on the wrong side of the ledger. It would seem to be the part 
of prudence and wisdom to provide while we can for that future 
sure to come, and thus insure the continuance (without embar- 
rassment) of the Assistant Adjutant-General's ofKce until the last 
Post has sent in its charter, and the records of this great organiza- 
tion shall be completed. The Encampment of 1884 created a 
reserve fund of one thousand dollars. We would recommend 
that this fund be increased by the addition of one thousand dol- 
lars from the funds now in the hands of the Assistant Quarter- 
master-General. 

Your Council would suggest that some definite financial 
policy be adopted by the Department, and recommend the 
appointment of a committee to consider the matter fully, and 
report, as soon as practicable, some plan to the Council of 
Administration for their adoption. 

We have, through a committee appointed for the purpose, 
carefully examined the books and accounts of the Assistant 
Adjutant-General and the Assistant Quartermaster-General, 
together with the bills, vouchers, funds, and supplies on hand, 
and can vouch for the correctness of their reports now in your 
hands. 

In closing, your Council desire to express their appreciation 
of the faithful, earnest and efficient service rendered by our 
retiring Commander in his efforts to maintain and improve the 
high standard of excellence already attained by this Department; 
also to thank his efficient Assistant Adjutant-General for the 
courteous treatment and ready assistance received from him dur- 
ing our term of office. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L., 

W. W. SCOTT, 

J. GUSHING THOMAS, 

JOHN Mcdonough, 

EDWARD McKAY, 
CHAS. H. TRACY, 

Council of Adininistration . 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 293 



REPORT OF MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

Alfred C. Monroe, Assistant Afljutuht- General. 

Comrade: The abolition of Form F, and the duties of 
inspecting Posts being now confined to the Aides-de Camp, make 
the position of Medical Director simply an honorary one. It is 
a position complimentary to the Medical Department of the 
Army, and as such I am proud to have represented that corps of 
surgeons sent out by Massachusetts in the days of the Rebellion, 
to treat the sick and care for her wounded soldiers. 

I had the pleasure of accompanying the Department Com- 
mander, John D. Billings, and the Massachusetts delegates to the 
National Encampment, held at Minneapolis, but the exemplar}' 
and regular habits of the party gave the Medical Director no 
opportunity to exercise his medical skill. That the Medical 
Department of the G.A.R. may be better utilized, I would most 
respectfully recommend that ex-army surgeons, wherever possible, 
be chosen Post Surgeons, and that the Medical Director of the 
Department shall be e.i- officio President of a Grand Arm}' Medi- 
cal Organization, composed of the Post Surgeons of the Depart- 
ment of Massachusetts ; that the object of this organization shall 
be lo get at the medical and surgical history of our Massachu- 
setts regiments and our Massachusetts soldiers, and by papers 
and discussions bring out the experiences of her army surgeons. 

Such an organization should meet annually, the same week 
as the Department Encampment; the president to make arrange- 
ments for place and time of meeting, for papers and discussions, 
and such literary work as would best advance the objects of the 
organization. 

Believing that here is an important field to cover, and that 
the ex-army surgeons of Massachusetts are ready to contribute 
their experiences as medical otticers of the war for the benefit of 
future generations, 

1 have the honor to remain yours in F., C. and L., 

JAMES OLIVER, Jr. 

Medical Director. 



294 HISTORY UEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF CHAPLAIN. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan. 29, 1885. 

Commander and Covirades : At the close of this official year 
I greet you in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, giving thanks, as 
is first becoming and due, to the great and good Father, who 
has preserved us and brought us again together in annual session. 

I have no vital statistics to lay before you, although it is 
quite certain that births, marriages and deaths have not been 
infrequent among us, but no detailed returns have been presented 
to me, and no general knowledge on the subject is at my com- 
mand. 

Among those who have served you in the past, and have now 
joined the "silent majority," we must name Past Assistant Adju- 
tant-General Comrade Solomon Hovey, Jr., whose military service 
during the Rebellion was in the Twenty-first Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, where he attained the rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel. His military record was honorable, his loyalty 
and devotion to his country were assured by his long and patriotic 
service in the field, and his true comradeship in the Grand Army 
of the Republic is too well known and too recent to need any 
words of mine to recall. He passed from earth early this winter. 

The past year, as the preceding reports show in full detail, 
has been a remarkably prosperous one in the enlistment of recruits, 
the strengthening and encouragement of long existing Posts, and 
the organization of new Posts. Although we have, during this 
time, passed through a political campaign haviug in it some 
extraordinary features of excitement, every comrade it is believed 
has had his partisan preferences respected, and we have been able 
to demonstrate that, while the Grand Army of the Republic is in 
the best sense a political organization, pledged to uncompromising 
loyalty to the Union, it is in no sense partisan, nor can it be used 
for partisan purposes. Camp-fires, the exchange of visits among 
Posts, dedications of Post halls, and other occasions which have 
brought comrades together in fraternal counsel and cheer, have been 
frequent, enjoyable, and productive of great good. They have 
kept the memories of the past from becoming dimmed, have been 
the means of attracting many honorably discharged veterans into 
our ranks, and have made our future outlook more pleasant and 
hopeful. 

Memorial Day, with its touching appeals to the soldier's 
heart, bringing back, moie than all the other days in the year, the 
realities of life in the field, — simple in its ceremonies, but touch- 
ing the tenderest chords of our being, — grows in the affectionate 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 295 

appreciation of the citizens at large. We may well be grateful to 
the Commonwealth that it has been recognized as a day when busi- 
ness and labor should be suspended ; but we should not forget 
that this very recognition of its significance exposes it to abuses, 
against which every comrade and every Post should sternly set its 
face. While it is not a day for gloom nor for hopeless sorrow, 
but rather for thankfulness that, through the sacrifices made by 
those whose " low green tents" we visit with floral offerings, our 
nationality has been made forever secure, and for the Christian 
hope of immortality, giving us assurance that consciousness of 
what has been accomplished is also theirs, its hours are unworthily 
used and sadly desecrated when employed in mere holiday sport, 
and especially is its beautiful significance forgotten when the sol- 
dier makes it a day of dissipation. Intemperance, which is brutal 
at all times, is doubly damning in its disgrace when it occurs on 
the day that belongs to our dead. 

Our Soldiers' Home continues to be well managed, and its 
occupants are contented, and as happy as their physical condition 
will allow, there not being an able-bodied man among them, but 
all affected with more or less painful disabilities. Their appre- 
ciation of what is done for them is heartfelt, their confidence in 
and respect for the superintendent are unbounded, and their love 
for his excellent wife is enthusiastic. It has been my privilege to 
visit them several times, and I know of no institution that is bet- 
ter managed, whose beneficent results are more apparent, and 
whose claims should meet with a more prompt and hearty response. 
Thanks to the sisters of the Relief Corps, the Home is constantly 
receiving embellishments, and the wants of the men are looked 
after as only mothers, wives and daughters can oversee and relieve. 
These good sisters are in earnest in assisting the trustees in the 
proposed fair for the benefit of the Home, and you will not, I feel 
sure, fail in doing your part to make it a success. 

Our National Encampment, through its Committee on Pen- 
sions, is seeking such amendments of existing pension laws as 
shall increase tlie pensions of widows, minor children, and the 
total or partially maimed soldier; shall create pensions for the 
dependent ])arents of the soldier who left no widow or minor chil- 
dren, for disabled and dependent soldiers who have reached sixty- 
five years of age, without requiring proof of origin of disability, 
and for all disabled ex-prisoners of war, without requiring proof 
that disability is the result of imprisonment; and shall provide an 
equitable equalization of bounties. That committee report that, 
"There are now pending over two hundred and fifty thousand 
pension applicants, of the eyeless, legless, armless and sick, and 
of the widows and orphans of comrades deceased. It is estimated 
that four-fifths of this list are delayed and their present adjudica- 
tion prevented from the lack of testimony which the lapse of 



296 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

twenty years, and the death of witnesses since the war, render 
unattainable." In view of these facts, my comrades, it seems to 
me that it is just and equitable, wise and charitable, that we throw 
all the weight of our associated and personal influence in obtain- 
ing the results which this committee are seeking, and that we 
refrain from participation in or sympath}' with any movement which 
would hinder or embarrass this. In a recent order the Com- 
mander-in-Chief calls attention to the '' Mexican Pension Bill, 
with amendments," now pending in Congress, as covering many 
of the recommendations just enumerated, and urges immediate 
petitioning for its passage by the House of Representatives. Let 
us respond promptly and heartily. 

In the absence of any prescribed topics to be brought for- 
ward by the Department Chaplain in his annual report, I have 
reckoned on your indulgence in presenting the foregoing. In 
conclusion, I call your attention to a fact which we cannot too 
deeply ponder, as the remembrance of it will be a spur and incite- 
ment to the use of opportunity and the discharge of obligation. I 
allude to the fact that there is necessarily a limit to the numerical 
strength of our organization and also to its existence. Unlike all 
other associations which are worthy of enlisting our energies for 
their growth and efficiency, the Grand Army of the Republic 
cannot be made perpetual. It will terminate its existence as mor- 
tality consigns the honorably discharged soldiers and sailors of 
the war for the preservation of the Union to the common lot of 
man. We can have no successors. Every year diminishes the 
possible number of recruits to our ranks, as it hastens the coming 
of our own impotence. Today, therefore, while it is called 
today, let us lengthen and strengthen our lines, closer clasp the 
bonds that unite us, renew our vows of duty, discharge our obli- 
gations, and, so -caring for those who were dear to our departed 
comrades, receive to ourselves and be enriched by that which is 
greater than all else attainable by mortals, — the consciousness 
of the approval and blessing of Almighty God. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L , 

RICHARD EDDY, 
Department Chajylain. 



On motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 68, it w^as voted 
to appoint a committee of five to whom may be referred the 
address of the Department Commander and other officers, for 
such action as will be necessary. The Commander appointed 
Comrades Charles B. Fox of Post 68; C. W. C. Rhoades of 
Post 26 ; J. W. Walker of Post 30 ; John L. Knight of Post 16, 
and H. S. Buuton of Post 121. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 297 

Moved and voted that a committee of five be appointed to 
receive communications from Posts and comrades and report 
thereon. 

The Commander appointed Comrades J. P. Maxfield of Post 
42; Charles F. King of Post 139; Ivory R. Allen of Post 35 ; 
Arthur Neilson of Post 2 ; and Darius Hadley of Post 15G. 

Comrade E. B. Loring of Post 15 at this point arose and 
addressed the Commander as follows : — 

At a meeting of the delegates of this Convention in favor of 
the Eight-Dollar Pension Bill, I was requested to present to this 
Convention the following motion : — 

Moved, That this Department is in favor of the passage of the 
Lovering Bill, H.R., No. 6463, and that our delegates to the next 
National Encampment be instructed to so vote and act as to put the 
Grand Army of the Republic on record in favor of that bill. 

A moment ago I was spoken to by Comrade O'Donuell of 
Post 2, who asked me to give way to him for a moment, in order 
that he might introduce a motion looking to the free discussion of 
this subject. I think he is opposed to me on this question, but 
I hope his motion will prevail. 

Comrade J. H. O'Donuell of Post 2 : Commander, I under- 
stand the motion introduced by Comrade Loring to be this : that 
the election of delegates to the National Encampment will depend 
greatly upon the action taken here tonight. I an:, I need not 
say here, utterly and wholly opposed to the so-called Lovering 
bill. I do not believe in it in part or in w'hole ; but I do desire 
and hope that the fullest and freest possible discussion will be 
given to it tonight, that the Commander will not entertain a motion 
for the previous question, or any motion that tends in any way 
to shut off debate, so long as any two comrades desire to debate it. 

Comrade Loring then in a very able manner presented his 
question, and was listened to with marked attention and fre- 
quently applauded. 

At this point, on motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 
68, it was voted that when the Encampment adjourn it be to 
meet at nine o'clock a.m., in Tremont Temple, Jan. SO, 1885. 

THE RECEPTION OF COMMUNICATIONS FROM POSTS AND COMRADES. 

Comrade Thomas Langlan of Post 15 : I have a communi- 
cation which I desire to present and have referred to the proper 
committee, asking the Department to petition the Legislature for 



298 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

a law giving cities and towns the right to lease halls to Posts of 
the G.A.R. in their vicinity; as they cannot rto it as the law now 
stands. 

Comrade J. L. Knight of Post 1(5 offered the following 
resolution : — 

Besolvp.d^ That it is the voice of this Encampment that the head- 
quarters of this Department be retained in the city of Boston 

Comrade Augustus H. Wright of Post 73 : I desire to ask the 
committee to whom communications are referred, to take in 
charge the communications from Post 73, submitted to the last 
Encampment. 

The discussion upon the pension bill was then resumed ; 
Past Department Commander Austin S. Cushman of Post 1 
speaking in opposition. 

Past Commander-in-Chief Geo. S. Merrill of Post 31) moved 
that when the discussion of this evening shall have been con- 
cluded, it shall be resumed at the morning session at ten o'clock, 
and that the vote be taken at eleven o'clock. After some debate 
the latter part of the motion in regard to the time of taking the 
vote was lost, and the former part of the motion was adopted. 

Comrade J. P. Maxfieid of Post 42 moved that the dis- 
cussion be limited to ten miuutes for each speaker. 

Adopted. 

The discussion of the main question was again resumed. 
Past Commander-in-Chief George S. Merrill of Post 39 and Past 
Department Commander J. G. B. Adams speaking against the 
bill, and Past Department Commander Geo. H. Patch of Post 
142 in its favor. 

At this point, a few moments before midnight, Comrade 
Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 moved that the Convention 
adjourn to meet at 9 a.m. tomorrow. 

Before this motion was acted upon Department Junior Vice- 
Commander R. F. Tobin moved that a committee of five be 
appointed to report a list for Council of Administration. 

Adopted. 

The Commander appointed the following committee : — 

Geo. H. Innis of Post 2; H. M. Fisher of Post 22; W. L. 
Robinson of Post 10; E. W. Lathrop of Post 16; P. D. Smith 
of Post 99. 

Adjourned at 12.15. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 299 

MORNING SESSION. 

Tremont Temple, Jan. 30, 1885. 

The Encampment was culled to order at 9.10 a.m. bv 
Department Commander John D. Billings. 

Comrade C. B. Fox of Post 68 moved that a committee of 
seven be appointed by the Conmiander to retire and nominate a 
list of delegates and alternates to the National Encampment, 
and that the committee report on printed slips, giving the names 
of the delegates and alternates and the Posts to which they belong. 

Comrade Whitney of Post 68 seconded the motion. 

Comrade Stiles of Post .") : I am in favor of the motion as 
made by Comrade Fox, but desire to have it understood that the 
list as presented by that committee is not the official list of this 
Encampment, and shall not work to the prejudice of any list 
presented by any other comrade. 

Commander Billings: Every comrade who has a seat on 
this floor has a right to present a list of delegates, if he chooses. 

The motion was then adopted. 

Commander Billings appointed the following comrades as 
the committee : — 

A. S. Buswell of Post 7; Oliver H. Downing of Post 15; 
George D. Stiles of Post 5 ; John H. O'Donnell of Post 2 ; E. S. 
Horton of Post U5 ; William C. Pomeroy of Post 8G ; Louis 
Stone of Post 64. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON COMMANDEr's ADDRESS. 

Comrade Charles B. Fox of Post 6S submitted a report for 
above committee, and to save time moved that the report be 
acted upon, section by section. 

The motion was adopted. 

First. That the recommendation that a committee of five 
be appointed by this Coaveutiou, to collate and publish the 
history of this Department prior to the term of Commander 
Hawes, be approved and the Convention provide for such com- 
mittee. 

Adopted. 

Second. That the linaneial policy of the Department should 
not be determined by the Council of Administration, but the 
Council be instructed to report a plan for the consideration of 
the next Department Convention. 

Adopted. 



300 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

Third. That three hundred dollars be appropriated for the 
actual travelling expenses of the Department Commander, on 
official duties, or the Senior or Junior Vice-Commander when 
acting in his place ; and that the expenses of the Department 
Commander and Assistant Adjutant-General to the National 
Encampment be paid by the Department as recommended. 

Adopted. 

Fourth. That the National Encampment be requested to 
authorize the public installation of Post officers at special meet- 
ings called for that purpose. 

Fifth. That the committee indorse that portion of the Com- 
mander's address relative to the uniforming of Posts. 

Adopted. 

Sixth. That in the judgment of this Convention, it is inex- 
pedient, if not illegal, to hold regular meetings of Posts upon 
Sunday. 

Quite a discussion followed, which was participated in by 
Comrades Leutz of Post 21 ; Lee of Post 12 ; Department Chap- 
lain Richard Eddy of Post 4 ; and Comrade Baker of Post 16. 

Department Junior Vice-Commander Tobin moved as an 
amendment that the recommendation be referred to the delegates 
to the National P^ncampment to secure such a decision of the 
Encampment as shall determine the legality or illegality of hold- 
ing meetings on the Sabbath. 

A motion was made and adopted that the amendment be 
laid on the table. 

Commodore Fox of Post 68 moved to take from the table so 
much of the report of the committee as referred to holding of 
Post meetings on Sunday. 

Carried. 

The recommendation of the committee was then adopted. 

Seventh. That Posts be recommended to provide for the 
actual expenses of their Delegates to Department Conventions. 
Comrade Parsons of Post 86 moved that it be laid upon the table. 

Lost, and the recommendation of the committee was adopted. 

Eighth. That the committee approve that portion of the 
Commander's address relative to the circulation of petitions by 
individual Posts. 

After considerable debate, the recommendation of the com- 
mittee was rejected. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 301 

NintJi. That the question of lotteries at fairs of G.A.K. 
Posts being a purely judicial question, it is inexpedient for this 
Department at the present time to take action thereon. 

Adopted. 

Tenth. That two hundred dollars be appropriated for clerk 
hire for the Assistant Adjutant-General as recommended. 

Adopted. 

Eleventh. That the Convention approve the sentiment 
expressed in the Commander's address relative to the action of 
the G.A.R. in this Department at the recent National election. 

Adopted. 

Twelfth. That no recommendation is recjuired from your 
committee on that portion of the Commander's address relating 
to pensions, it being well understood that the subject will be con- 
sidered by this Convention. 

Adopted. 

Thirteenth. That we recommend the suggestion of the 
Medical Director be referred to the consideration of the Council 
of Administration. 

Adopted. CHAS. B. ¥0X. 

^ C. W. C. KHOADES, 

J. W. WALKER. 
JOHN S. KNIGHT, 
HENRY S. BUNTON. 

Committee. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General read the following despatch 

from Nebraska : — 

Beatrice, Neb., Jan. 29, 1885. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General , 

Department of Massachusetts, G.A.B., 
Boston. 
The Department of Nebraska in Annual Encampment assembled 

send greetings to the comrades of Massachusetts. 

E. H. PALMER, 
Department Commander. 

The hour having arrived for the further consideration of the 
eight dollars per month pension bill, the subject was debated by 
the following comrades. 

Thomas Langlan of Post 15; Geo. A. Ordway of Post 88; 
Geo. D. Stiles of Post 5 ; Oliver H. Downing of Post 15,— 
speaking in favor of the bill. And John Reed of Post 56 ; 
Milton Townsend of Post 39 ; Department Chaplain P^ddy of 
Post 4 ; Charles B. Fox of Post 68 ; Thomas W. Higginson of 
Post 56, — speaking against the bill. 



302 HISTORY DKPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 554 

Number present 478 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers 10 

Past Department Commanders 5 

Post Commanders 146 

Delegates 317 

Total 478 

Comrade J. W. Hill of Post 12 moved that the discussion 
close at 12 m. 

Adopted. 

Comrade E. B. Loring of Post 15, according to the rules of 
debate, claimed the privilege of closing the discussion on this 
question, which was granted. 

The time having arrived for taking the vote. Comrade Chas. 
B. Fox of Post 68 moved that the vote upon the resolution be 
taken by sections rising, with two tellers from opposite sides to 
return the vote. 

Comrade Downing of Post 15 moved that the Assistant 
Adjutant-General call the rolls of the Posts and the Post vote. 

Comrade Fairbanks called attention to the rules of order 
governing the Encampment, which allow any three delegates from 
different Posts to demand the calling of the roll. 

Three delegates asked for the roll-call, and it was ordered. 

Assistant Adjutant-General Monroe then called the roll, 
resulting in the rejection of the resolution by a vote of 213 yeas 
to 254 nays, as follows : — 

YEAS. 

Senior Vice-Commander J. W. Hersey. 
Medical Director James Oliver, Jr. 
Oomicil of Administration J. Gushing Thomas. 
Past Department Commander George H. Patch. 

Post 1. Fred A. Washburn, N. H. Greene, George P. Gifford. 

Post 2. George H. Innis, Wm. F. Clarke. 

Post 3. A. M. Clark, H. D. White, George E. Dean, G. T. Fisher. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



303 



Post 5. 



Post 7. 

Post 8. 
Post U. 
Post 12. 

Post 14. 
Post 15. 

Post 16. 
Post 19. 

Post 20. 

Post 21. 

Post 23. 

Post 24. 

Post 29. 

Post 30. 

Post 32. 
Post 38. 
Post 34. 
Post 40, 
Post 45. 
Post 46. 
Post 50. 
Post 51. 
Post 53. 
Post f.7. 
Post 59. 
Post 60. 
Post 63. 
Post 66. 
Post 68. 
Post 71. 
Post 72. 
Post 74. 
Post 75. 
Post 78. 
Post 79. 
Post 81. 
Post 82. 
Post 84. 
Post 85. 
Post 86. 
Post 87. 
Post 88. 
Post 89. 
Post 92. 
Post 95. 
Post 97. 
Post 100. 
Post 103. 
Post I05. 
Post 106. 
Post 108. 
Post 110. 



G. C. Neal, G. D. Stiles, J. McFarlane, J. L. Parker, H A 

Sawyer, W. H. Brown, C. H. Waitt, A. A. Davis, C;has 

Lloyd, A. S. Wright, H. F. Seger, C. L. Hill, C. H. Stratton, 

W. J. Pike, L. O. Kirk, I. Buffington. 
J. Wakefield, A. S. Buswell, E. B. Meeban, A. E. Perkins 

G. B. Pratt, T. Churchill, D. Meehan. 
A. P. Vaughn, C. A. Howes. 

T. H. Haskell, J. W. Hill, I. W. Derby, Z. R. Knowles. 
A. S. Atherton, O. Walton, R. F. Draper, W. N. Tyler, 

J. W. Lee. 
N. H. Houghton, T. N Drawbridge. 
J. A. Keefe, E. B. Loring, Thomas Langlan, GeorgeW. Powers, 

O. H. Downing, W. H. H. Andrews, G. B. Hutchinson. 
E. F. Cross, C. R. Kaplinger. 
A. March, J. R, Hamilton, R. Tucker, J. D. Littlehale, B. M. 

Merchant. 
D. W. Snow. 
Theo. Leutz. 

L. W. Clarke, J. C. Littlefield, S. M. Weale. 
G. W. Hastings. 
U. P. Ballard. 
Samuel Hall, J. W. Walker, E. J. Dolan, P. A, Lindsey, 

J. Kinnear. 
W. J. Blake, W. S. Calif. 

L. J. Hammond, A. P. Barrett, Thomas H. Hill. 
Mark Heathcote, A. D. Burton, 
S. Derby, T. Griffin. 

C. H. Parsons, Sidney Gardner, A. C Andrews. 
Henry Ogden. 

G. F. Barnes, Frank E. Farnham, 
J. S, Cooke, C. H. Deyo. 
C. Kenney, J. ,J. Bailey. 

C. O. Welch, J, F. Capelle, J. S. Kennev. 
W. E. Burpee. 

W, M. Comey. 

D, E. George, F, P, Simonds, C, P. Currier, D. W. Ricker. 
J. S. Beck. 

L Moulton, Jr. 

W. H. Abbott, J. J. Callannan, P. J. DonneJIv. 

G. W. Pratt. 

W. B Seavey. 

S. L. ColJey, J. Best, C B, Carlin. 

W, H. Gurney, J. E, Bates, A. C. Brigham, 

O. Dalrymple, J. D. Follett, George H. Kearn. 

B. H. Dow. 

J, Bartlett, B. A. Phillips, J. B. Graves, Jr., J. W. Coffin. 

C. Sanderson. 

G, S. Marsh, F. P. Clark. 
J, B. Parson. 
H, A. Monk, 

C. A. Follett, G. A. Ordway, W. P. Martin. 

J. Hanners, J. H. Kendall, "H. B. Wallis, F. A. Wallis. 
A. J. Wilson, B. F. Sanliorn. 
P. H. Xourse, G. W. Gale. 

A. W Morse, M. P. Walker, 
J. S. Tapley, J. Minnehan. 

B. F. Tucker. 

D. C. Haviland, H. E. Taylor. 
T, F. Parsons, W, G. Peckham. 

E. P. Wildes. 

N. H. Tirrell, G. Hollis. 



304 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



Post 114. C. O. Roberls. 

Post 116. Z. Sawtelle, J. Dodwell. 

Post 118. P. Gardner, J. I. Adams. 

Post 121. G. G. Bailey, Jr., W. C. Eustis, L. B. French. 

Post 122. C. L. Tucker, F. I. Snell. 

Post 123. S. N. Gould, Charles Grey. 

Post 124. E. E. Edson, F. M. Kingman. 

Post 126. G. H. Lewis. 

Post 128. H. P. Boynton. 

P6sT 129. L. Gibney, W. F. Byrne. 

Post 130. G. R. Drake. 

Post 1.S4. Benjamin Phoenix. 

Post 1.3.5. H. M. Ross, C. J. Nourse. 

Post 139. J. F. Davlin, C. F. King. 

Post 140. W. H. Heustis, L. A. iSawin, W. E. Jaquith. 

Post 141. George N. Munsell, C. H. Packard. 

Post 142. J. W. Kirby, G. A. Reed. 

Post 144. C. C. Nichols. 

Post 145, E. S. Horton. 

Post 146. G. T. Fisher. 

Post 147. B. R. Franklin. 

Post 149. D. W. Thompson, H. S. Flagg. 

Post 150. Jason Mann, E L. Oolson. 

Post 1.54. F. C. Hill, C E. Bailey. 

Post 1"6. D. Hadley, R. H. Jenkins. 

Post 158. H. C. Joyner. 

Post 159. F. Shurtleff, C. H. Trash. 

Post 160. E. Wilber, W. H. Perkins. 

Post 161. C. H. Harding, M. T. Allen. 

Post 162. E. E. Barnard, Thomas W. Burnham. 

Post 163. D. P. Howard, E. L. Wheeler, 

Post 164. C. C. Burdett, G. H. Johnson, 

Post 166, J. A. Loomis. 

Post 170. F. Drake, G. H. Chapin. 

Post 176, E. D. Hutchinson, J. W. Knox, 
Total, 213, 

JSfA VS. 

Department Commander John D. Billings. 

Junior Vice-Commander fJichard F. Tobin. 

Chaplain Rev. Richard Eddy. 

Council of Ailministration W. W. Scott, John McDonough, 

Edward McKay, Charles H. Tracy. 
Assistant Adjutant-General A. C. Monroe. 
• Assistant Quartermaster-General Thomas E. Barker. 

Chief Mustering Officer George H. Bonney. Jr. 
Past Department Commanders A. S. Cushman, George S, 

Merrill, J, G. B. Adams, George W. Creasey, George S. Evans. 

F. C. Luce, C. T. Burgess. 

Arthur Neilson, J. P. Bradley, J. H. O'Donnell. 

E. C. Gould, J. E. Marshall. 

D. F. Travis. Wm. Birch. 

C. G. Brigham, S. O. Howe, "Wm. H. Trow. 

W. L. Robinson, S. F. Babbitt. J. K Churchill, C. N. Walker, 
T. S. Jenks, J. E. Bigelow, H. Fairbanks, Thomas O'Gara, 
George A. Blunt, C. W. Putnam, J. B. Lamb, J. F. Meech. 

George A. Grant, B. O. Caldwell, C. E. Tribou, S. J. Wade. 

C. H. Allison, N. E. Abbott, F. L. Perry, E. W. Lathrop, 
N. Smith, George Smith, John Baker, J. L. Knight. 

A. L. Barrett, H, W. Kidder. 



Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 



Post 10. 



Post 13. 
Post 16. 

Post 17. 



MNETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMEM'. 



305 



Post 22. Joseph Hancock, Thomas Coyne, H. M. Fisher. 

Post 25. E. J. Hill. 

Post 26. J. E. Killian, C. W. C. Rhoades, William M. Olin, H. A. Wright. 

Post 27. O. B. Chaffee, F. G. Hyde. 

Post 28. J. E. Anderson, G. B. Johnson. 

Post 29. W. D. Newiand, L. F. Bond. 

Post 31. A. A. Seaverns, George W. Wilder. 

Post 34. Samuel Worcester. 

Post 35. I. R. Allen, G. W. Marsh, H. T. Holmes, J. C. Loud, F. O. 

Barnes, J. T. Lakin, Geo. E. Hussty, H. Hinckley, D. O. 

Brine. 

Post 36. H D. Durgin. 

Post 37. H. Chase, C. N. Hancock, Henry Bemis. 

Post oS, E. U. Goodell. 

Post 39. J. J. Stanley, G. H. Flagg, J. L. Lamprey, D. F. Kiley, J E. 

Shepard, D. Crockett, A. W. Belcher, A. E, Holt. 

Post 40. J. P. Litch. 

Post 4L E. R. Lay, T. Mann, L. B. Walkley, C. C Westover. 

Post 42. F. B. Peabody, M. N. Peabody, G. H. Richardson, C. H. Rich- 
ardson. E. W. Thompson, H. W. Allen, J. P. Maxfield. 

Post 43. J. R. McCrillis, W. S. Frost, E. C. Marsh, J. W. Barnes. 

Post 44. A. P. Greenough, S. F. Draper. 

Post 46. J. H. Abbott, J. M. Deane, J. Corcoran, J. E. Fonlds, F. Mc- 

Graw. 

Post 47. W. H. Johnson, J. Jackson, Thomas M. Arnold, J. M. Davis, 

W. Goodrich. 

Post 4S. Francis Lovejoy. 

Post 49. J. A. Mills, Thomas E. Cutter, P. H. Creasey, Luther Carter, 

L. G. Weston, C. J. Cutter. 

Post .^3. T. A. Hills. 

Post 54. J. L. Bruce, Fred Miller. 

Post 55. George Allen. 

Post 56. D. Jewett, T. W. Higginson, J. Reed. 

Post 57. A. M. Lunt. 

Post 58. B. S. Lovell, J. M. Whitcomb, C. W. Hastings, F. A. Bicknell. 

Post 59. G. W. Rockwell. 

Post 60. W. E. Nason. 

Post 6L W. F. Sanford. R. L. Day. 

Post 62. W. A. Wetherbee, J. T. Swett, D. A. Conant. 

Post 64. William Lowrie, L. L. Stone, J. Stuart. 

Post 6'). F. H. Moore. 

Post 66. S. G. Jepson, G. L. Goodale. 

Post 67. E. Sanley, R C. Allen. 

Post 68. C. D. Stiles, C. B. Fox, E. F. Snow, H. E. Gieenwood, E. C. 

Whitney. 

Post 70. C. F. Brown. 

Post 73. Aug. Wright, B. S. Atwood. , 

Post 74. E. T. Harvell. 

Post 76. B. A. Hathaway, J. O. Brown, J. Shannon. 

Post 80. W. C. Penniman, F. W. Bullard, David Chase. 

Post 81. C. W. Smith. 

Post 83. Samuel Hollis. 

Post m. W. C. Pomeroy, J. Keach, H. M. Abbott. 

Po.ST 87. W. L. Gage. 

Post ^0. Geo. W. Kenney, Jos. W. Haynes. 

Post 91. Seth Talbot. 

Post 93. E. F. Gil let. 

Post 94. J. Lin field. 

Post 96. Josiah Proctor, P. Sargent. 

Post 98. C. A. Gross, D. B. Lincoln. 

Post 99. G. W. Chandler, P. D. Smith. 



20 



306 



HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.H. 



Post 101. N. E. Ladd. 

Post 102. G. A. Fletcher, J. W. Bradlee. 

Post 10 .. W. C. Tracy. 

Post 104. C. H. Wakefield, W. S. Whiton. 

Post 107. Chas. Upham, .J. H. Smith. 

Post U 9. E. W. Stone. 

Post 112. G. A. Ayling. 

Post 113. Aug. Sanderson, Aug. N. Sampson, J. C. Cook. 

Post 114. M. P. Brew. 

Post 11.5. M. P. Palmer, Tiiomas Gilson. 

Post 119 C. T. West, G. D. Harrington. 

Post 120. W. W. Tuttle, J. Robbins, B. F. Freeman, H. M. Potter, H. J. 

Davis. 

Post 121. H. S. Bunton. 

Post 12o. O. L. Wood, W. F. Harrington, W. H. Charaberlin. 

Post 126. E. N. Jones. 

Post 127. E. Pendleton. 

Post 128. Nathaniel Shatswell. 

Post 130. H. A. Walker. 

Post 131. F. M. Lamb, Henry Bisco. 

Post 132. P. T. Hrown. 

Post 1.33. W. H. Wade, A. W. Burton. 

Post 1.36. G. A. Brown. 

Post 138. C. B. Sanders, C. W. Parker. 

Post 143. W. E. Lons, W. Y. Gross. 

Post 144. Henry W. Weeks, J. V. Abbott. 

Post 14.5. G. L. Jillson, M. O. Wheaton. 

Post 147. F. W. Sloan. 

Post 148. E. B. Stillings. 

Post 152. C. E. French, W. H. Burnham. 

Post 1.53. Levi Bostwith, G. Q. A. Bryant. 

Post 1.5.5. G. E. Fuller. 

Post 157. J. 0. Madigan, N. W. Fisher. 

Post 165. B. A. Sawyer, Lawrence Bradford. 

Post 166. C. E. Ware. 

Post 167. E. Noyes. 

Post 168. Geo W. Corey. 

Post 169. A. E. Pratt, Wm. Taylor. 

Post 173. J. H. Harrison. 

Post 174. A. Smedley. 

Post 175. H. M. Nash, H. S. Nourse. 

Post 177. D. M. Wilcox, J. H. Casev. 

Post 179. P. H. Babbitt. 

Total, 254. 



. Comrade Downing of Post lo moved that the Convention 
proceed to ballot for Department Commander for the ensuing- 
year. 

Adopted. 

Comrade J. H. O'Donnell of Post 2 moved that the first 
ballot be informal. 

Lost. 

On motion of Comrade Downing of Post 15 it was voted to 
allow each comrade five minutes to present the names of candi- 
dates. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. b07 

Comrade Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 moved a committee of 
five be appointed to receive sort and count votes for Department 
Commander. 

Commander Billings appointed as the committee, Comrades 
Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 ; John H. O'Donnell of Post 2 ; 
Theo. Leutz of Post "21 ; Oliver H. Downing of Post 15 ; and 
P. H. Babbitt of Post 179. 

Comrade Myron P. Walker of Post 97 presented the name 
of Senior Vice-Commander John W. Hersey of Post 16 for the 
position of Department Commander. The nomination was 
seconded by Comrades Flavel Shurtleff of Post ir)9; J. P. 
Miixtield of Post 42 ; and J. B. Parsons of Post 86. 

Comrade Charles B. Fox of Post 68 presented the name of 
Charles O. Fellows of Post 35. The nomination was seconded 
by Comrade Wm. Mink of Post 125; there being no other 
nominations presented, the ballot for Departmen Commander 
was taken, and the committee retired. 

Comrade J. P. Maxfield of Post 42, for the committee on 
communications from Posts, reported in favor of the adoption of 
the resolution from Comrade Knight of Post 16, that the Depart- 
ment Headquarters be retained in the city of Boston. 

Adopted. 

That we recommend the adoption, by this Encampment, of 
the resolution from John A. Andrew Post 15, requesting the 
Department to petition the Legislature of this Commonwealth to 
pass the legislation necessary to give cities and towns the right 
to give or lease the whole or any part of their public buildings to 
Posts of the G. A. R. 

Adopted. 

In regard to the resolution presented by H. M. Fisher of 
Post 22, that the comrades of this Depaitment be instructed to 
draw up a petition in the name of the Department to be pre- 
sented to the Legislature, that a law be enacted giving to 
Grand Army Posts, or detachments thereof, and all other citizens 
of the State, liberty to enter into any burial-place in this Com- 
monwealth on " Memorial Day," so called, for the purpose of 
decorating the graves of soldiers and sailors buried therein, your 
committee report favorably and recommend its adoption. 

After quite a long discussion, the resolution was rejected. 



308 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A R. 

Comrjule Geo. L. Goodale of Post 66 reported as follows, 
for committee on ballot for Department Commander: — 

Whole number of votes 416 

Necessary for choice 209 

John W. Hersey had 315 

Charles O. Fellows had 99 

William H. Hart had 2 

And Comrade Hersey was declared elected Department 
Commander for the ensuing year. 

Comrade Meehan of Post 7 moved that the Assistant Adju- 
tant-General cast one vote for Comrade R. V. Tobin for Senior 
Vice-Commander. Objection was made, and the Commander 
directed the committee on votes for Department Commander to 
receive, sort and count votes for Senior Vice-Commander. The 
ballot was taken, and the committee retired. 

Comrade Maxfield of Post 42 moved that the communication 
of McPherson Post No. 73 of last year, be referred to the dele- 
gates to the National Encampment. 

Adopted. 

Comrade Goodale of Post (!6 reported for committee as 
follows, on ballot for Senior Vice-Commander. 

Whole number of votes cast 388 

Necessary for choice 195 

Richard F. Tobin had oHl 

Thomas Langlan had 6 

K. B. Loring had 1 

Comrade Richard F. Tobin was declared elected. 

Comrade Augustus H. Wright of Post 73 nominated Comrade 
Charles D. Nash for Junior Vice-Commander. 

Comrade S. M. Weale of Post 23 nominated Conn-ade 
W. W. Scott of Post 10. 

Comrade W. S. Frost of Post 43 nominated Comrade 
Edmund C. Whitney of Post 68. 

No further nominations being made, (he ballot was taken, 
and the committee retired. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 309 

Comrade George H. Iiinis of Post 2 reported as follows for 
the coinniiltee appointed to nominate five comrades to serve on the 
Council of Administration : — 

John McDonough Post 2, South l.oston 

Edward McKay "22, Milford 

Charles H. Tracy " 103, Chicopee 

Horace A. Sawyer " 5, Lynn 

Samuel Worcester "34, Salem 

Comrade Patch of Post 142 moved that the chairman of the 
committee deposit the list as presented, and the comrades named 
be declared elected. 

There being no objection, the list was deposited as directed, 
and the above comrades declared elected. 

The committee on ballot for Junior Vice-Commander 
reported as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 404 

Necessary for a choice ... 203 

Charles D. Nash had 19'.) 

W. W. Scott had 138 

E. C. Whitney had 67 

There being no choice, a second ballot was ordered ; Com- 
rade Whitney thanked the comrades for their support, and with- 
drew his name. 

The second ballot was taken, and the committee retired. 

Comrade Lowd presented a resolution from Post 34 in regard 
to a change in the ritual, and asked to have it referred to the 
delegates to the National Encampment. It was so referred. 

The committee on ballot for Junior Vice-Commander 
reported as follows : — 

Whole number of votes cast 384 

Necessary for a choice 193 

Charles D. Nash had 250 

W. W. Scott had 124 

E. C. Whitney had 10 

Comrade Nash was declared elected -lunior Vice-Commander. 



310 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

Commander Billings appointed the following committee to 
collate the history of the Department : — 

James F. Meech of Post 10, Alfred C. Monroe of Post 13, 
Henry B. Peirce of Post 73, Freeman C. Luce of Post 1, Fred L. 
Perry of Post 16. 

Comrade Richardson of Post 42 moved that the Assistant 
Adjutant-General cast one ballot for Comrade Walter H. Leighton 
of Post 42 for Medical Director; objection was made, and the 
Convention proceeded to ballot. 

Comrade John W. Lee of Post 12 moved that the Assistant 
Adjutant-General cast one ballot for Comrade Richard Eddy, 
the present incumbent, for Department Chaplain. Comrade 
Eddy declined to serve another year. Comrade John W. Hersey 
of Post 16 moved that the Assistant Adjutant-General cast one 
ballot for Comrade E. A. Perry of Post 107 for Department 
Chaplain. There being no objection, the ballot was cast as 
directed, and Comrade Perry was declared elected. 

Comrade Parsons of Post «6 moved that the Convention 
proceed to the election of delegates and alternates to the National 
Encampment. Adopted, and Convention proceeded to ballot. 

Comrade Eddy of Post 4 moved that the delegates and 
alternates to be elected to the National Encampment be instructed 
to vote only for such measures touching pensions as are already 
referred to the Committee of the National Encampment. Quite a 
discussion followed, and on motion of Comrade Hill of Post 1 1 . 
the subject was indefinitely postponed. 

Comrade Whitney of Post 68 reported for committeee on 
ballot for Medical Director. 

Whole number of votes cast ^. . . 171 

Necessary for choice 86 

Walter H. Leighton had 115 

J. S. Emerson had 14 

H. C. Hall had 6 

Scattering 36 

Comrade Walter H. Leighton of Post 42 was declared elected 
Medical Director. 

Past Department Commander Austin S. Cushman then 
installed Comrade John W. Hersey, Department Commander, 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. Mil 

and Comrades Horace A. Sawyer and Samuel Worcester, of the 
Council of Administration. 

Comrade C. B. Fox of Post 68 moved that the Council of 
Administration be instructed to secure for the uext Animal Con- 
vention a hall which can be properly heated. 

Adopted. 

Conii-ade Patch of Post 1 1 2 moved that the thanks of the 
Convention be extended to the guard from Post 68, for the faith- 
ful and eflicient manner in which the}' performed their duty. 

Adopted. 

Commander Billings tendered to them his personal thanks. 

On motion it was unanimously voted to extend the thanks 
of the Convention to Commander Billings for the able and 
impartial manner in which he had presided over its delibera- 
tions. 

Commander Billings : I am very much obliged, 1 assure you, 
my conn-ades, for your kind expressions. I must confess I 
entered upon the delibei-ations of this Convention with some 
trepidation, because I knew how easy it would be to make a mis- 
take, or to appear to be prejudiced. I have endeavored to stand 
between the two parties, and if my action has met your appro- 
bation, 1 am amply satisfied. I lay down the responsibilities of 
this oflice, at the end of a very busy but pleasant year, and 
nothing will delight me more than to take my place on the floor 
again and be one of the rank and file. 

Commander .lohu W. Hersey announced to the Convention 
that headquarters would be retained at No. 12 Pemberton Square, 
Boston, and that he should appoint Comrade Alfred C. IMonroe, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Comrade Whitney of Post 68 reported that it would take 
some time to count the votes in order to give a detailed report 
of delegates elected to the National P2ucampment. 

Comrade Downing of Post lo moved that the eighteen com- 
rades having a majority of the votes cast be reported to the Con- 
vention, if the committee were prepared to do so. 

Adopted . 

Comrade Whitne}' reported the following list : — 

DELEr;ATE-AT-LAR(;E. 

Charles O. Fellows Post 3.), Chelsea 



312 



HISTORY DEFT. OK MASS., G.A.R. 



DELEGATES 

George H. Innis 
E. B. Loring 
Dennis Meehan . 
John H. Abbot . 
Sidney C. Bancroft 
George D. Stiles 
John L. Otis 
H M. Phillips . . . 
P. Allen Lindsey 
Geoi'ge A. Marden 
George G. Bailey, Jr. 
J. C. Sullivan 
Benjamin M. Merchant 
William L. Robinson . 
William H. Chamberlin 
William H. Johnson 
Horace D. Durgin . 



ALTERNATE- AT- 1 



William W. Scott 



Post 2, South Boston 

" 15, Boston 
" 7, Boston 

46, Fall River 

" 50, Peabody 
" 5, Lynn 

" 86, Northampton 

" 16, Springfield 

" 30, Cambridgeport 

" 42, Lowell 

" 121, Hyde Park 
" 8, Middleboro 

" 19, Fitchburg 

" 10, Worcester 

" 125, Pittsfield 

" 47, Haverhill 

" 36, Arlington 



ARGE. 

Post 10, Worcester 



ALTERNATES. 



Joseph H. Dalton 
James Burrows, Jr. 
Austin Y. Sylvester 
T. C. Lucas . . 
J. W. Joyce . 
Leach Clark 
John W. Howland 
J. J. Callanan 
T. W. Higginson 
H. M. Potter . . 
Lysander Wood . 
Alonzo H. Perry . 
H. O. Sawyer. . 
W. A. Sloan . 
Peter Snyder . 
Brainard Cummings 
Thomas H. Hill . 



Post 23, East Boston 
" 11, Charlestown 
" 62, Newton 
" 3, Taunton 
" 39, Lawrence 
" 128, Ipswich 
" 147, Amherst 
" 71, Holyoke 
" 56. Cambridge 
" 120, Lowell 
" 72, Stoughton 
" 76, Plymouth 
" 28, West Boylston 
" 37, Spencer 
" 79, North Adams 
" 99, Andover 
" 33, Woburn 



NINETKKNTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 313 

Comrade Meech of Post 10 moved that the report of the 
committee be accepted, and the comrades named in the list be 
declared elected. 

Adopted. 

There being no further business, the Nineteenth Encampment 
of the Department of Massachusetts was declared dissolved. 



A true cop}^ of the Droceedings. 

A. C. MONROE, 
Assistant ^ Idjntant -General. 



314 HISTORY DKPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



THE BANQUET. 



Immediately after the adjournment of the Encampment the 
delegates proceeded to Faneuil Hall, where a banquet had been 
provided bj' Caterer McElroy. Every one of the more than five 
hundred seats at the table was occupied, and many comrades went 
into the galleries. 

At the guest table on the platform sat Commander John D. 
Billings, having on his right His Excellency, Governor George D. 
Robinson ; John W. Hersey, Department Commander-elect ; 
Richard Eddy, D.D., Department Chaplain; Samuel Dalton, 
Adjutant-General of the State ; A. E. Pillsbury, President of the 
Senate ; and at his left, Paul Van der Voort of Omaha, Past Com- 
mander-in-Chief G.A.R. ; Corporal James Tanner of New York, 
Past Department Commander of New York; J. Q. A. Brackett, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives ; Richai'd F. Tobin, 
Department Senior Vice-Commander-elect ; and other Department 
and Past Department officers. 

When every one had satisfied his appetite, after the unusually 
prolonged fast of the day, cigars were lighted and the customary 
post-prandial exercises began. Commander Billings commenced 
by saying that the Convention had already heard so much from 
him, that he should gladly avail himself of that fact and his some- 
what hoarse and wearied condition, to do nothing more than pre- 
sent the distiuguished guests, whom they would all be glad to hear 
from, and that he would begin by calling upon a worthy successor 
of that long line of chief magistrates who had made Massachusetts 
illustrious, a warm friend of the soldier as well. Governor George 
D. Robinson. 

The Governor was received with much enthusiasm, every 
comrade rising to his feet and cheering lustily. ' When the demon- 
stration had subsided. His Excellency spoke in a most interesting 
manner, mingling humor with patriotic utterances in a way to hold 
the closest attention of his auditors. He alluded to the fact that 
both the Commander of the Militia of the State and the Com- 
mander of the Grand Army were from the same section, and 
prophesied what they would do conjointly in any emergency. He 
congratulated the Order upon its flourishing coudition, and gave 
it his best wishes for the future. Later, he directed attention to 
the necessity of each of the regimental and battery organizations 
which were in the battle of Gettysburg, taking immediate action 
in regard to erecting its memorial shaft or tablet on that famous 
battle-field, as the limit of time, during which theJ appropriation 



NINETEEKTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMKNT. 315 

made by the State for that purpose Avas available, would expire 
ill a few months. 

John W. Hersey, the Department Commander-elect, was next 
presented and warmly received. He asked the hearty co-operaiiou 
of every comrade present for the upbuildiiii> of the Order. He 
said that while he could not expect to organize any new Posts 
after the country had been skimmed so clean the past 3'ear, yet 
that there were thousands of worthy veterans who ought to be 
with us, giving us their assistance. He said that, having assumed 
the burdens of the position so generously conferred, he would 
pledge his earnest efforts to prove that the confidence of his com- 
rades had not been misplaced. 

By particular request of Assistant Adjutant-General Monroe, 
Department Senior Vice-Commander Tobin was next introduced, 
and after a few remarks of a general character, addressed himself 
to Commander Billings ; then, taking a package at that moment 
handed him, displa^'ed a heavy gold watch and chain and a plush- 
covered album, which he presented, in behalf of the Department 
officers, to the retiring Commander. Comrade Billings was 
entirely taken by surprise, so quietly was the whole affair managed, 
and responded feelingly, as best he could under the circumstances. 
Inside the case is the following inscription : — 

John D. Hillings, 
CoMMANDEi; Dept Mass., G.A.K 

EUOM the 
D EPA HTM ENT OeI'IC EKS , 

Jan. 30, 1885. 

The album contains autograph cards of the donors, grouped 
according to rank, as they are fonnd in the rosier of head- 
quarters. 

The Commander then called for three rousing cheers for 
Governor Robinson, who was compelled to retire at this time, 
which were given with a will ; after wdiich he introduced A. E. 
Pillsbnry, Esq., President of the State Senate, who spoke in an 
off-hand and entertaining manner, assuring the veterans that his 
influence should be exerted for them at every opportunity. 

Commander Billings then stated that his original intention 
had been to have the prominent officials of the Woman's Relief 
Corps present at the banquet, but that it had been thought advis- 
able not to carry out this plan. He congratulated the comrades, 
however, that they were " not left to monrn as those without hope," 
as a most worthy member of that Order was present, who was 
once known as a distinguished Commander-in-Chief of the Grand 
Army, but whom he would now introduce as Sister Panl/ne Van 
der Voort, Woman's Relief Corps, of Omaha. 



316 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.H. 

Comrade Van der Voort was enthusiastically received, and 
spoke eloquently for woman and her work. He then addressed 
himself with his usual fervor to other themes. Referring to the 
inspiration of the surroundings, he said that the people of his 
State would give mines of wealth to have a Faueuil Hall or a 
Bunker Hill in their midst. He was frequently applauded, and 
when he sat down was greeted with a round of cheers. 

J. Q. A. Brackett, Esq., the Speaker of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives, was called upon next, and like the 
President of the Senate, pledged the House to enact such legisla- 
tion for soldiers and the Soldiers' Home as they stood in need of. 

The Commander then said the Encampment was honored b}' 
the presence of a distinguished comrade from New York, a former 
Department Commander of that State, that legless veteran. Cor- 
poral James Tanner, whom he then presented. 

Corporal Tanner was well received, but it was evident that 
not all of the comrades knew what a treat they had in store. It 
took him a little time to get warmed up, but when that time came 
he stirred the hearts of the veterans as they were never stirred 
on a like occasion before. Now he has them shouting themselves 
hoarse, throwing hats in air, pounding the tables at some eloquent 
and patriotic utterance which strikes a responsive chord ; and now, 
in a minute's time, his tender pathos has so appealed to their hearts 
that half of them are fumbling for a handkerchief to dry their eyes 
with. Strong-hearted men weep in his presence who have not 
shed tears before for years. Then by the magic of his impas- 
sioned words, that well out aglow with fervor as they were from 
his very heart's core while he consigns the arch traitor to the 
hottest imaginable Hades, his auditors rush back again from the 
depths of pathos into which he had so completely precipitated 
them to a white heat of enthusiasm, which, it is believed, found 
expression in a frenzy of approval such as Faneuil Hall has rarely 
witnessed from an equal number of men. And when he tinall}' 
closed, he was greeted with a tumult of applause that rocked the 
Cradle of Liberty with a veiiemence which did that time-honored 
institution great credit. 

Comrade George H. Patch, Past Department Commander, 
was called upon and made a few remarks, after which the com- 
pany joined in singing " America," and then made a rush for the 
platform to shake the hand of Corporal Tanner. 

Thus concluded the Nineteenth Annual Encampment of the 
Department of Massachusetts. Whereas it promised to be a 
stormy gathering on account of the strong partisan feeling which 
had been developed in relation to the so-called " Lovering Pension 
Bill," yet everything went off harmoniously and creditably to the 
Order. Never did the comrades linger after the banquet so long 
or in such numbers, and probably they were never so well repaid 
for their patience and virtue in so doing. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



317 



3tt QYlemoriam 



Post 1. 
Post 2, 
Post 8, 
Post 3. 
Post 3. 
Post 3. 
Post 4. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post o. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 5. 
Post 9. 
Post 11. 
Post 12. 
Post 12. 
Post 12. 
Post 13. 
Post 15. 
Post 15. 
Post 15. 
Post 15. 
Post 15. 
Post 17. 
Post 19. 



Post 19. 
Post 21. 
Post 23. 
Post 23. 
Post 27. 
Post 27. 
Post 30. 
Post 32. 
Post 34. 
Post 34. 
Post 35. 
Post 35. 
Post 35. 



Wm, F. Gifford, age 45; private, Co. C, 41st Mass. 
John H. Welch, age 43; private, 5th Mass. Batty. 
Terrence Tighe, age 47; private, Co. F, ;-i9th Mass. 
Charles H. Orchard, age 32; private, Co. A, odili Mass. 
Benj. E. Morse, age 3S; 1st lieutenant, Co. C, 22d Mass. 
Wm. H. Harlow, sergeant, Co. E, 4Cth Mass. 
Isaac A. Watson, age 48; 1st sergeant, Co. G, 5th Mass. Cav. 
William H. Smith, private, Co. F, 8th Mass. M.V.M. 
Horace L. Aldrich, age 44; private, Co. L, 4th H.A. 
Edgar M. Riggs, age 47; 2d lieutenant, Co. F, 35th Mass. 
Albert T. Thurston, age 41; private, Co. B, 4th H.A. 
Thatcher H. Swift, age 41; sergeant, Co. B, 9tli V.R.C. 
James Forsyth, age 4(i; private, Co. K, 12th Mass. 
Charles Fitzgerald, age 47; private, Co. G, 2d H.A. 
John Dolan, age 50; private, Co. A, 30th Mass. 
James H. Hutchinson, age 42; private, Co. B, 19th Mass. 
Lemuel Goodwin, age 35; private. Co. F, 8th Mass. 
Stephen E. Kimball, age :^5; private, Co. H, 12th M.E. 
Henry W. Kummer, age 74; private, Co. E, 3d Mass. Cav. 
Charles I. Betton, age"-J3; corporal, Co. L, 4th H.A 
Lyman F. Holyoke, age 45; private, Co. C, S'Ul M.V.M. 
Joel Raymond, Jr., age 58; private, Co. H, 5th Mass. Vols. 
John J. Kelly, age 39; private, Co. I. 19th Mass. Vols. 
Frank B. Bancroft, age 71; private, Co. E, 16th Mass. Vols. 
Benj. McAllister, age G^; private, Co. I, 11th Mass. Vols. 
C;has. D. Packard, private, Co. C, 60th Mass. Vols. 
Henry Lusoph, age 41 ; private, Co. G, 4th R.I. Inf. 
AVm. J. Hickey, age 42; 1st class fireman, U.S.S. Aroostook. 
Rufus King, age 39; drummer, ('o. C, 23d Mass. Inf. 
Richard F. Lyman, age 46; sergeant, Co. A. 22d Mass. Inf. 
John J. Shea, age 39; private, Co. G, 60th Mass. Inf. 
1). J. Gilmore, age 35; private, Co. F, 52d Mass. Vols. 
Levi Lawrence, age .58; 1st lieutenant, Co. F. 25th 3Iass. ; cap- 
tain, Co. F, 57th Mass. 
Fred B. Fisher, age 47; corporal, Co. C, 1st H. A. 
Simon Trautveller. age 50: private, Co. G, 52d N.Y. 
Jas. G. Brown, engineer, U. S. Navy. 
John Nelson, age 62; steward, U. S" Navy. 
Geo H. Stevens, age 39; sergeant, Co. A, loth Mass. 
Francis W. Davis, age 60; private, Co. H, 15th Mass. 
Geo. H. Copelaiid, age 40; lieutenant, Co. K, 38th Mass. 
John Cook, age 30; landsman, Portsmouth. 
Jeremiah Mahoney, age 43; corporal, Co. F, 12th U.S. Inf. 
Daniel Desmond, age 60; private, Co. H, 48th Mass. 
Edward Webley, age 51 : private, Co. A, 61st Mass. 
Thos. B. Campbell, aee 49; private, Co. E, 4th Me. 
Michael Keagan, age 44; private. 



318 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



Post 35. Felix Cassidy, age .58; seaman. 

Post 8o. Samuel Ingalls, age 62; assistant-surgeon, oth Mass. Cav. 

Post 85. Wm. H. Gibby,' age 62; private, Co. G, -tOth Mass. 

Post ;;5. Wm. H. Bolton, age 48; private, Co. C, 2d N.H. 

Post 3-i. John M. Wood, age 69; private, Co. D, 48d Mass. 

Post 87. Horace E. Prouty, age 53; corporal, Co. K, 10th Mass. 

Post 89. Wm. H. Cross, age 42; private, Co. B, 26lh Mass. 

Post 39. Herman Xichols, age 42; private, Co. I, 4th N.H. 

Post 39. Albert Coan, age 48; private, Co. F, 12th Me. 

Post 39. Thomas .Tones, age 89; private, Co. E, 27th Mass. 

Post 39. Charles Fish, age 42; private, Co. B, 4th Mass. 

Post 89. Dominick Dowd, age 47; private, Co. I, 17th Mass. 

Post .39. Levi Harrison, age 62; private, Co. D, (ith Mass. 

Post 40. Daniel Sullivan, age 38; seaman, U.S S. Malvern. 

Post 42. Owen TuUy, age .o6; private, Co. G, 4th N.H. 

Post 43. 'Decatur McCarter, age 43; private, 10th N.H. 

Post 45. Chas. P. Mann, age 51; corporal, Co. E, 20th Me. 

Post 47. Chas. A. Rand, age 31 ; 1st lieutenant, 20th Mass. 

Post 47. Chas. H. Hardy, age 37; private, Co. D, 14th N.H. 

Post 47. Merrill O. Luce, age 36; sergeant, Co. B, 18th Vt. 

Post 47. Nathaniel W. Perkins, age 47; private, Co. B, 1st N.H 

Post 47. Martin Corson, age 45; private. Co. A. 4th N.H. 

Post 49. John D. Parsons, age .59; private, Co. I, 2;^d Mass. 

Post 50. Samuel Davis, age 48; corporal, Co. B, 40th Mass. 

Post 50. Charles H. Collins, age 85; private, Co. A, 28d Mass. 

Post .50. Daniel A. Caskins, age 37; private, Co. I, 6th Mass. 

Post 50. Frank Duffy, age 49; 'private, 5th Mass. Batty. 

Post 58. Wm. C. Damon, age 69; private, Co. G, 3d R.I.H.A. 

Post 58. Loren L. Moore, age 52; musician, 1st Mass. 

Post 56. Jas. E. Burrows, age 40; corporal, Co. D, 88th Mass. 

Post 56. Chas. Z. Sears, age 71; seaman, U.S. Navy. 

Post 56. J. Warren Cotton, lieutenant. 8Sth U.S.I. 

Post 58. Wm. L. Cummings, age 52; private, Co. D, 4th Mass. Cav. 

Post .58. Thos. Derby, Jr., age "60; sergeant, Co. A, 46th Mass. 

Post .58, Patrick Tracy, age 49; private, Co. G, 4th Mass. H.A. 

Post 58. Albert Bates, age 55; private. Co. H, 12th Mass. 

Post 58. Joshua L. Torrey, age ; 8; private, Co. A. 1st Mass. Cav. 

Post .58. Owen Corr, age 50; private, Co. C, 28th Mass. 

Post 60. Joseph Grant^ age 45; private, Co. F, 12th R.I. 

Post 63. Nathan Jones, age .55; private. Co. I, 89th Mass. 

Post 68. David P. O'Reilley, age 44; private, Co. E, 1st R.I. Art. 

Post 68. Robert Bishop, age 86; private, Co. A, 1st Heavy Art. 

Post 68. Robert A. Miller, age 45; 1st lieutenant, Co. B, 9th Mass. 

Post 72. Andrew J. Keene, age 55; private, Co. I, 1st Mass. Cav. 

Post 73. Lorenzo Williamson, age 51; private, Co. K, 7th Mass. 

Post 74. Isaac R. Harrington, age 65; private, Co. A. 60th Mass. 

Post 74. Howard A. Wheeler, age 8H; private, Co. E, 4th Mass. 

Post 74, John Burrill, age 51 ; corporal, Co. G, 43d Mass. ; private, Co. 

E, 2d Heavy Art. 

Post' 78. Joshua Cook, age 47; private, Co. D, 38th Mass. 

Post 82. Daniel Dailey, private, Co. G, 19th Mass. 

Post 86. I. H. Wentworth, age 40; private, 8('th Unattached H.A. 

Post 86. John Regan, age 63; farrier, Co. G, 3d N.Y. Cav. 

Post 86. Chas H. Daniels, age 42; private, Co. C, 10th Mass. 

Post 86. John A. Prentiss, age -53; sergeant, Co. A, 51st Mass. 

Post 87. Wm. Miller, age 58; private, Co. K, 2d Mass. Batty. 

Post 89. Henry P. Woodbury, age 48; captain, Co. F, 28d Mass. 

Post 89. Henry P. Lascom age 46; private, Co. E, 8th Mass. 

Post 89. Maurice B. M. Younger, age 42: private, Co. G, 17th Mass. 

Post 89. Wm. H. Rich, age 40; private, Co. L. 4th Heavy Art. 

Post 90. Freeman A. Chase, age 44; private, Co. D, 8th N.H. Inf. 



NINKTEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 319 

Post 94. Nelson S. White, age 44 ; private, Co. A, 4th Mass. 
sergeant, Co. A, 24th Mass. 
captain, ;^lst U. S. Col. Inf. 

Post 100. John Q. A. Kelley, age 55; private, Co. C. 9th N.H. 

Post 101. Wm. G. Eaton, age 65; private, Co. A, 33d Mass. 

Post 102. Chas. Bronsdon, age 49; private, Co. I, 3Sth Mass. 

Post 103. B. W. Keyes, age 44; private, Co. I, I2!st Ohio. 

Post lOo. Chas. E. Brookes, age 52; private, Co. I, 51st Mass. 

Post 113. Solomon Horcy, Jr., age 47; lieutenant-colonel, 21st Mass. 

Inf. 

Post 115. Abbott M. Messer, age 37; private, Co. B, 26th Mass. 

Post 128. Henry Haskell, age 41; private, Co. L, 1st Heavy Art 

Post 130. Alexander H. Mullen, age 32; private, Co. E, 3d Mass Cav 

Post IbU. Patrick O'Donnell, age 43; private. Co. I, 19th Mass 

Post 139. Joseph Bush, age 57; major, 25th U.S. Inf. 

Post 139. John Montague, age 54; private, 3d Mass. Batty 

Post 140. Paul Tatro. age 37; private, Co. G, 34th Mass. 

T>^^'^ ItV ;^r^^" W. Nickerson, age r.2; private, Co. B, - 9th New York. 

Post 149. Michael Kelly, age 31 ; musician, Co. H, 59th Mass 

Post l.oO. Benj. F. Noyes, age 52; captain. Co. D, ^Sth Mass. 

Post Ut. Henry Barlow, age 57: private. Co. C, 3d Pt.I. H. Art. 

Post 158. James S. Young, age 41; private, Co. F, 49th Mass. 

Post 1o8. Albert B. French, age 4 1 ; private, Co. C, 37th Mass. 

Post lo9. Thomas Garvey, age 42; seaman, U.S.S. Saratoqa. 

Post IhO. Patrick G. Dillon, age 42; sergeant, Co. D, 3d Mass. Cav 

Post \m. William A. Judd, age 45; private, Co. E, 43d Mass 

Post 170. Ethan E. Cobb, age 57; lieutenant. Frontier Cav 



3*20 HISTORY DEPT OF MASS., G.A.K 



General Orders. 
Series of 1884-85. 



Headquarters Department ok Massachusetts, ) 
Grand Army of the Republic, |- 
12 Pemherton Sq., Room (i. ) 
General Orders, 1 Boston, Feb. 5, 1S84 

No. 1. / 

Comrades : By the almost unauimous vote of your representatives I 
have been called to the highest office in your sift. Its duties I liereby 
assume. Such unanimity I must interpret as the expression of your 
intention to co-operate with ine most Iieartily in the year which is before 
us. With such an inspiriting prestige of success I gladly talie up the 
work where my predecessor has left it Let us direct our eftbrts anew 
to the strengthening of our beloved Order Let us make all of our Posts 
so strong and attractive that no veteran, whatever his former rank or 
present social station, can consistently withhold his membership and 
influence longer from the grand cause in which we have labored so con- 
tinuously and Avith such gratifying success. 

Comrades, our Department never stood so strongly in all respects as 
it stands today, and we are still on the upward wave. The number of 
veterans yet lingeriug outside wari'ants the sanguine opinion that we 
shall attain a strength of 25,000 comrades at no distant day. Why not? 
There must be at least 40,000 men among us eligible to join the Order. 
What soldier or sailor, having an honorable war record and now a worthy 
citizen, can ofl'er a justitiable cause for not actively engaging in that work 
Avhich is as much his heritage and duty as our own? 

If there exist an}' such cause anywhere, see to it that it is speedily 
removed, so that this Grand Army of ours shall constitute an order of 
American no])ility whose work and worth shall stand, the wonder and 
delight of future genei'ations. 

The following comrades have been appointed members of my Oflicial 
Statt" They will be obeyed and respected accordingly : — 

Assistant Adjutant-General , Alfred C. Monroe of Post 13, Brockton. 
Assistant Quartermaster-General, Thomas E. Barker of Post 4u, 

Maiden. 
Inspector, Samuel A. Gushing, Jr., of Post 68, Dorchester. 
Jtidge Advocate, John H. Hardy of Post 3G, Arlington. 
Chief Mustering Officer, George H. Bonney, Jr , of Post 154, Kingston 

Headquarters of the Department will be at 12 Pemberton Square as 
heretofore, to which all oflicial correspondence should be directed. 

To insure speedy delivery, all personal correspondence intended for 
the Commander should be addressed to him at Carabridgeport. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official: Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



321 



TlKADQtr.VRTERS DEPARTMENT OP MASSACHUSETTS, * 

Grand Army «>p the IlEPUiiLic, - 
12 Pemberton Sq., Koom 0. ) 
Boston, March 11, 1884. 



General Orders, 1 
No 2. / 

I. The following comrades are appointed on the Staff of the Depart- 
ment Commander, and tliey will be obeyed and respected accordingly : — 



AIDES-DE-CAMP. 



A. A . HHrriiigton . 
■lustin B. Willanl . 
David Dunbar . . 
John S. Beck . . 
S. Wells Hunt . . 
Fred. A. Washl)iirn 
Dennis Linelian 
John L. I'arker . . 

B. Read Wales . . 
E. B. iMeehan . . 
Alvin R. Bailey 
Charles Fav ." . . 
R. W. Rand . . . 
Chas. H. Wyman 
Lvman W. Clark . 
C.'W. C. Rhoades . 
Horace J. Gray . . 
A . A . Seaverns . . 
Samuel Worcester 
Win. H. Matthews 
Jeremiah Norris 
Chas. H.Clark . . 
S. F. Draper . . . 



Canton. 

Worcester. 

East Weymouth. 

Medford. 

Sandwich. 

New Bedford. 

Boston. 

Lynn. 

Dorchester. 

P.oston. 

Charlestown. 

Springtield. 

Oiange- 

FMtchburg. 

East Boston. 

Roxbury. 

Cambridgeport. 

North Seituate. 

Salem. 

Woburn. 

Chelsea. 

Westtield. 

Favville. 



John H. Abbott 

E. P. Morton . . . 
W. A. Wetherbee . 
Lysander Wood 
.Alonzo Perry . . 
Pel er .Snyder . . . 
W. C. Po'meroy . 
Wm. L. Gage '. . . 

F. M. Harrington . 
E. Wairen Harback 
H N Harrimau 
.)ohn H. Gould . . 
Chas. F. Urann . . 
Chas. B. Tucker . 
Robert B. Dickie 
Darius Hadley . . 
H. A . Cushman 
Ernest Wagner 

E. T. Harvell . . 
S. T. Chamberlain . 
John E. McClellan 
Leach Clark . . . 
Wm. H. Coan . . 



Fall River. 

Webster. 

Newton. 

stoughton. 

Plymouth. 

North Adams. 

Northampton. 

South Brain tree. 

Northboro. 

Upton. 

Georgetown. 

Medfield. 

Lowell. 

Amesbury. 

Lanesbofo. 

Everett. 

Taunton. 

Methnen. 

Rockland. 

South Gardner. 

Saundersville. 

Ijiswich. 

Lawrence. 



II. It will be impossible to assure Posts the attendance of Depart- 
ment officers at camp-tires, fairs, etc., unless ihey at first confer with 
these headquai'ters before making their arrangements, as engagements 
are often made several weeks in advance. 

III. Requisition blanks containing a corrected price list of articles 
furnished by these headquarters is hereby forwarded Orders for l)adges 
that may be required for Memorial Day should be sent at an early date, 
in order that a supply may be obtained. 

IV I would call attention of Post Commanders to the necessity of 
the Adjutant in making out his report, due April 1, to include in his report 
of those lost during the quarter by death, not only the name of the com- 
rade, but the company and regiment in which he served; those whose 
service was in the navy give name of ship, squadron and station, in 
order to properly carry out the recommendation in regard to a ^Memorial 
page that was unanimously adopted by tlie Department Encampment. 

V. The address is wanted at this office of Capt. Chauncy O. Noyes, 
Company D, 8d Maine Infantry, and of Helon Brooks, same company and 
regiment; any shipmate who served on board United States Steamer 
Lfiuipec from 1864 to ISfiO; any officers of United States Steamer P(^Hf/?((« 
during July and August, 18G5: Sergt. Timothy Casey, Company K, 2d 
Mass. Infantry: Geo. 1{ Phillips, Company D. 2d Mass. Infantry ; any 
member of Company F, I'd Mass II. A. ; Capt Chas. II. Smith, 32d Mass 
Infantry: any memi)er of Company A, 20th Mass. Infantry 

VI. The following Posts have been organized in addition to those 
hitherto reported : — 

WonuRN Post 101, Woburn, George Perkins, Counnander. 
Manton Taft Post ItJ2, Turners Falls, Edward Barnard. Com- 
mander. 

By command of 
Official: JOHN D. BILLINGS, 

A. C. .Monroe, Department Commander . 

Assistant Adjntanl-General. 



21 



322 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Headquarteks Dei'artment of Massachusetts, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

12 Pemberton 8q . Room 6 

General Orders, | ' Boston, March 31, 1884. 

No. 3. / 

I. An iuspection of all the Posts in this Department havinor been 
ordered from National Headquarters, the annual spring visitation had for 
the past two years Avill be dispensed with, and the inspection ordered by 
the Commander-in-Chief substituted for it. Post Commanders will 
govern themselves accordingly. 

I[. The increased number of appointments on the personal Statf is 
designed in part to relieve the elected officers of the Department from 
inspection duties, but so far as possible it is hoped that they will interest 
themselves in the welfare of the Order in their immediate vicinity and 
accompany the Assistant Inspector when it is convenient. 

Ill Comrade John L. Parker of Post 5 having felt compelled to 
resign his position as Aide-de-Camp, the same is hereby accepted, and 
Comrade Hubert O. Moore of the same Post is appointed in his stead 

IV. The following Aidesde-Camp are hereby detailed to act as 
Assistant Inspectors, and are assigned for duty by the Department 
Inspector to the several Posts as follows : — 

AIDES-DK-CAMP. 

A. A. Harrington 72,91,117,121 

Justin B. Willard 27, 34, .51, 131, 136 

David Dunbar 74, 87, 88, 124 

John S Beck 4, 33, 75, 11.5, 160 

S. Wells Hunt 141 

Fred A AVashburn 3, 132, 136 

Dennis Linehan 11, 30, 35, 156 

Hubert O Moore 23, 50, 67, 82 

B. Read Wales 10,57,113,159 

E. B Meehan 21, 32. 92, 102 

Alvin R Bailey 29, 62, 63 

Chas. Fay 71, 85, 9, , 107, 155 

R W. Rand 123, 140, 1.50, 162 

Chas. H. Wyman 28,53,59,69,116 

Lvman W. Clark 2, 15. 26 

C. W. C, Rhoades 7, 56. 68, 139 

Horace J. Gray 36,66,81,134.161 

A A. Seaverns 76, 83, 104 

Samuel Worcester ..." 89, 90, 128 

Wm. H. Matthews 12,40,119,148 

Jeremiah Norris .... . 34, 78. 143, 149 

Chas. H. Clark 84 ,86, 103 

S F. Draper 6, 38, 43, 54, 142 

John H. Abbott 1.8 

E. P. Morton 25, 70, 129, 137 

W. A. Wetherbee 80, 110, 144 

Lysander Wood 13. 52 

Alonzo H. Perrv 111,127,154 

Peter Snyder 20, 93 

W. C. Pomerov 16, 41, 125, 147 

Wm L. Gage " 58, 73, 94 

F. M. Harrington 9, 19, 44, 64 

E. Warren Harback 14, 18, 22, 24 

H. N. Harriman 49, 101, 122, 151 

John H. Gould 60, 61, 130, 157 



NINKTKENTH ANNUAL KNCAMPMIiNT. 323 

Chas F. Uraiiii 39. 48, 100, 138 

Chas. L. Tucker 108, 114 

Kobert B. Dickie 79, 126, 158 

Darius Hadlev 47, 95, 118 

H. A. Cnshnian 4(j, 133, 145 

Ernest Wagner 42, 99 

E. T. Ilarvell 31. 98, 112 

S. T. Chaniberliu 17, 28, 77. 109, 153, 

John E McClellau 65, 105, 135 

Leach Clark . . . ■. 45, 96, 106, 152 

Wm. H. Coan 5, 120 

v. As this Department is acknowledjied to lead all others in thor- 
oughness and efficiency in the work of the Order, Post C^oniinanders are 
especially enjoined to ■welcome and facilitate the most thorongh inspec- 
tion, to the end that our advanced standing may not only ])e maintained 
but improved upon, and Assistant Inspectors are expected to give com- 
plete and accurate information on all points where it seems needed. 

VI. Many of the Posts own a complete set of equipments for Post 
officers. All of the other Posts should follow this example ; for while 
there is no objection to an officer providing his own, it ought not to be 
required of him. Posts owe it to themselves to see that the huinblest 
comrade in their ranks shall not be debarred from accepting its liighest 
official honors by reason of a proper pride or limited means. It is ear- 
nestly hoped that this matter will at once receive serious consideration 
oy the Posts interested. Such ecpiipments may be had through these 
headquarters, if desired, l)y addressing the Assistant Adjutant-General. 

VII. The folloMiiig new Post has been organized since last General 
Orders, viz. : — 

Gkx. J. G. FoSTKii Post 163, Chas H. Fuller, Commander. 

VIII. The address is wanted at this office of Capt. Joseph Parsons, 
Co. L, 3d Mass. II A. ; Lieut. James E March, 32d Mass. Infantry ; Dr. 
Charles E. Warren, surgeon, 97th U.S.CT. ; Samuel Beals, Co A, 1st 
Battalion Mass. II. A. 

IX General Orders, Nos. 8 and 9, from National Headquarters are 
hereby promulgated. 

Bv command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official: Department Commander. 

A. C. MONKOE, 

Assistant Adjntnnt-Gencral . 



Headqiartkrs Department of Massachusetts, i 
Grand Army of the Rkpublic, 
12 Pemijerton Sq , Room 6 ) 
General Orders, \ Boston, May 3, 1884. 

No. 4. ) 

In obedience to Rules and IJegulatious and in conformity with Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 10, from National Headquarters, Friday, May 30, will 
be observed by the comrades of this Department as Memorial Day. 

This is the day of all the year most hallowed to us; the day on 
which we gladly leave the routine of our daily avocations and illustrate 
again our loyalty to tlie memory of our deceased comrades, by gathering 
at the ■' Bivouacs of the Dead," and standing over the heroic dust of the 
men Avhose unselfish patriotism and devotion to principle kept this people 
a nation and enforced the decree of freedom issued by the sainted Lincoln, 
perform the sadly pleasant duties of decoration peculiar to our Order. 



324 IIISTOKY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. . 

On that clay let every place of business be closed Let every one of 
the more than fifteen thousand veterans now included in our membership 
he found in the ranks. Let the twice fifteen thousand soldiers and sailors, 
who have not yet found it in their hearts to ally themselves with us and 
assume their share of the burden which we are beariny- for them, give us 
at least the encouragement of their participation in the commemorative 
services of the day Let the merchant and manufacturer, who owe so 
much to the veterans of the Rebellion, attest their personal interest by 
their presence. Let pcertj class of citizens swell the procession as it takes 
its way to the cemetery. The presence of woman need not be bespoken. 
She is always there. She who is yet the faithful and devoted auxiliary 
of the soldier living, has ever done her full part toward keeping his mem- 
ory a continued living presence for good before the world. Let the chil- 
dren of all ages be there and learn anew the lessons of patriotism, which 
no other day in the year can teach and emphasize so eft'ectively. 

It matters not if the strains of martial music are wholly wanting to 
the occasion ; it matters not if costly floral decorations cannot be obtained ; 
even the absence of the graceful orator and his classic eloquence cannot 
materially impair the beauty and harmony of the day. The simple pres- 
ence of the veteran bending over the grave of a former comrade, to plant 
a flag or drop a blossom, while childhood looks on in wonder, manhood in 
sympathy and approval, and womanhood and old age are moved to tears, 
furnishes a scene far more impressive than the most enchanting music, 
and far more eloquent than speech. 

A few Posts in this Department havt: made a practice of decorating 
the graves of veterans in previous wars. The practice is a good one for 
general adoption, it being only an extension of the sentiment embodied 
in our services, so as to include the memory of the patriots who have 
preceded our late comrades. 

Post Commanders ai'e hereby requested to make arrangements for 
services at some place of public worship on the Sunday preceding Memo- 
rial Day, in accordance with the recommendation of the Commander-in- 
Chief. 

Full reports of the proceedings of the day will be forAvarded to these 
head(iuarters as soon as practicable after the ;50th, and it is suggested 
that Post Commanders consult their own couveuieuce by arranging with 
their local papers to make such reports accurate and complete 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Deparlmvnt Commander. 

A. C. MONKOE, 

Assistant Adj ii ta nt- €4 en era I. 



Hkad(juarte];s Department oe Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 
12 Pembertox S(j., Room C. 
GENEiiAL Orders, ) Boston, June 23, 1884. 

No. 5 \ 

I It is proposed to show the condition of the various Departments 
at the next Annual Encampment, which meets at Minneapolis, July 2;5. 
The Department of Massachusetts has a reputation at National Head- 
quarters for promptness and completeness of (|uarterly returns unequalled 
by any other That reputation Ave must sustain The Adjutant-General 
of the Order asks for the report of this Department before July 12. but 
to assure that he shall have it, reports of Posts must reach these head- 
((uarters not later than July 5. Post officers, who are prone to be tardy. 



NINKTICENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 325 

Avill make a note of this. Voiir delay Avill he our dissrrace. Let there 
not 1)0 one report Avantinji' on the date specified. Our colors are now 
at the front; keep them there. We have earned the position. Remem- 
ber, not later than July "). 

II Comrades, the close of this, the second (luarter, finds us still in 
a thrivina: condition. Five new Posts have been organized since I-\'bru- 
ary 1 ; two more are awaiting organization, and petitions are out from 
which four others are confidently expected ere the close of tlie next 
quarter. Meanwhile many of the old Posts have been making lar"-e 
additions to their membership, and the exercises of Memorial Day itis 
believed, have never enlisted the participation of so large a portion of 
the public as Avas the case the current year — an omen in which we siiould 
take a just pride 

Let the forward movement continue Let us make the Order so 
strong that no respectable veteran can stav out of it, and no disreputable 
veteran get in, and thereby not only continue to deserve, l)Ut to increase 
the public respect and confidence noAv so generally accorded us 

in The following new Posts, not heretofore reported, have been 
organized, viz. : — 

FK.4NCIS A Clary Post 164, Conway, G. H Johnson, Commander 
William Wadswokth Post 165, Duxburv, Beni A SaAvver Com- 
mander. - . ! 

Gko C. Strong Post 166, Easthampton, Justus Lyman, Commander 

Jksse L. Reno Post 167, Whitinsville, II. F. Taft't, Commander. 

IV. I would again call the attention of Post Commanders to the 
necessity of the Adjutant, in making out his report for second quarter, 
ending June 30, to include in his report the company and regiment, name 
of ship, squadron and station of those lost by death. 

V The address is wanted at this office of Lieutenants Ford, Russ 
and Morse, and George Edwards. Companv B, 31st Mass. Infantry Any 
officer or member of Company B. 18th Mass Infantry; any member of 
Comi)any G, 1st Mass Cavalry: any man who served on V S. Steamer 
rotniashi from August, 186-1, to June, 1865; Capt. Leonard Gordon. Com- 
pany E. 3d Mass H.A. ; any member of Company M, 1st Mass Cavalry 
who knew Nathaniel T. Myers; any member of Company A, 19th Mass.! 
who knew Oscar Rabethge; any member of Company K,' 13th New York 
H.A., Avho served on gunboat Hem,; Capt C. \. Dolan. Company D 3oth 
Mass : any member of Company II, 2d California Cavalry. 

VI The findings and sentence of the court-martial of George W. 
Cole of Post 35, Chelsea, and George T. Evans of Post 7, Boston, are 
hereby approved, and they are dishonorably discharged from the Grand 
.Vrniy of the Republic. 

By command of 

. JOHN D. BILLINGS, 

'"^'''^' ■ . Department Commander. 

A C. Monroe, 

Assistant AOjnt ant- General. 



Hkaim^carters Department of Ma.ssachusetts, ) 
Grand Army ok the Republic. ■- 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6 \ 
Geni: i;al Orders, ) Boston, July 15, 1884. 

No 6. / 

I The National Encampment (i.V.H. will convene at Minneapolis 
the 23d inst A full delegation is expected to attend from ibis Depart- 
ment, leaving Boston via the Fitchburg Railroad on Friday the 18th 



326 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

iiist., at six p M. From the 19th to the 25th inclusive, headquarters will 
be closed for repairs. The Assistant Adjutant-General will not return 
until August 4, and all correspondence requiring immediate attention 
sliould therefore be deferred until that date; but an office boy Avill be in 
attendance on and after the 2()th to answer the ordinary routine wants 
of Posts. 

It is to be regretted that all of the Posts in the Department did not 
respond to the appeal for prompt quarterly returns, a large number not 
arriving till after the oth, and Posts No. CO, 64, 127, 137, 145 and 150 not 
being received in season to include in the consolidated returns sent to 
National Headquarters. Where the Adjutant or Quartermaster is prone 
to be tardy in making liis reports, the Post Commander should give the 
matter his personal attention. From the Posts whose reports have been 
received, hoAvever, a total net gain of nine hundred and fifty members is 
reported for the quarter just ended, a showing in which every comrade 
must be interested. 

II. The regular meetings of Friedrich Hecker Post 21 of Boston 
will be held in Wadman Hall, No. 17(i Tremont Street, on the second 
and fourth Wednesday 

III. The following new Post has been organized since last General 
Orders: Post No. KiS, Southbridge, G. W. Corey, Commander. 

IV. The address is wanted at this office of John M. Foster, hos- 
pital steward, 5th Regiment Mass., nine months. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Department Coianiander. 

A C. MONROK, 

Assititaiit Adjutant-General . 



Headcjuarteus Depakt.ment of Mas.sachusetts, 

GrtAND Akmy of the Republic, 

12 Pembehtox Sq.. Room 6. 

General Orders, | Boston, Sept. 3, 1884. 

No. 7. ; 

I. The annual address of Past Commander in-Chief Beath shows a 
net gain in membership of over 7,400 comrades. Of this number the 
Department of Massachusetts contributed fully its proportionate part, 
and it gives me great pleasure to announce that the interest still con- 
tinues. Even this (luarter, usually the quietest in the year, will shoAv a 
creditable gain. Much of this will come from new Posts, six of which 
have been organized in less than six consecutive weeks, with others 
soon to follow. 

The following are the new Posts referred to and not hitherto 
reported : — Post 16!) of Norwood, Post 170 of Mansfield, Post 171 of 
Northfield, Post 172 of Bolton, Post 173 of Sturbridge, Post 174 of 
Greenfield. 

II. Comrades, we are passing through a critical period in the 
history of the Order Temptations to drag it into politics allure too 
frequently and potently. Already Posts have 1)een charged with per- 
verting it to partisan purposes Any Post or Department which per- 
mits this disloyalty to the Order deserves the rebuke which must surely 
follow. While it is settled beyond all cavil that the veteran surrenders 
none of his rights as a citizen when he joins the Grand Army, yet it 
must be clearly understood, on the other hand, that a Post, as such, 
knows neither candidate nor party. It would be idle, and time worse 
than wasted, to attempt answers to all the criticisms and sneers 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 327 

addressed to us, but judicious leadership should keep Posts from taklii" 
even eciuivocal positions, especiallj- durinir a political canvass. 

III. Comrade Sydney Sibley of Post 10 is herebv appointed Aide- 
de-camp on my personal Staff", vice Wyman resii-ned He will be obeyed 
and respected accordingly This appointment was conferred some time 
since, but was overlooked in preparing General Orders. 

IV. I take great pleasure in expressing my satisfaction with the 
invaluable assistance rendered many of our Posts the current year by 
the various Woman's Relief Corps, which are au.xiliarv to them. I 
believe them deserving of our f idl recognition and support Post ollicers 
desiring to establish such Corps can obtain definite and complete infor- 
mation by addressing the Department President of the Order, Mrs. M 
Susie Goodale, Medford, Mass. 

V. The address is wanted at this office of some member of Com- 
pany C, 11th Conn ; some one who served on board the United States 
sloop Wachiiisett; the captain of the 6th Mass. Batterv, in 1862, or some 
member of said Battery; Capt. John Rock. Companv F, 22d Mass. 
Infantry; Sergeant Cogau, in charge of General Hospital at Xewbern 
N.C.. in 1804 

VI Comrades are hereby notitled to look out for a man by the 
name of Daniel \V. Ford, claiming membership in Posts 11 and U9 " He 
does not belong to either Post, and is pronounced a beat. Also look out 
for a man l)y the name of Selden L. Taylor, claiming to belong to Cutler 
Post 48. Togus, Maine. The Commander of said J'ost informs these 
headquarters that he also is a flrst-class fraud. 

VII. The findings and sentence of the court martial of Charles W 
Sears and Edward W. Doten of General Lander Post, No. 5, Lynn, and 
•Adrian D. Ruggles, of James H Sargent Post, Mo. 130, Medvvav, are 
hereby approved, and they are dishonorably discharged from the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Otticial : Department Commander. 

A. C. MONROK, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 



Hkadqu.\i{Tkrs Depaktmkxt of Massachusetts, ) 
Grand Army of the Rkpumlic, [ 
12 Pembertox Sq , Room (!. j 
General Orders,! Boston, Oct. 1, 1884. 

No. 8. r 

I. The regular fall inspections of this Department will occur as 
usual. A form for this purpose will immediately be issued by the Inspec- 
tor, who by special instructions is required' to see that no Post is 
inspected before October 15, and that all reports of Assistant Inspectors 
are at these headquarters on or before December 1. Post Commanders 
will do what they can to facilitate the work of inspection to prevent 
delay. This promptness is necessary to allow the Inspector ample oppor- 
tunity to consolidate the reports. 

II. In accordance with a suggestion made in General Orders, No. 3, 
promulgated from these headquarters March 31, many additional Posts 
provided themselves with a set of arms for Post officers. There is now 
not a very large number without them Will not these make a special 
eflort to e(iuip themselves ere the year closes ? Where the Post cannot 
attbrd to defray the expense, it is believed the community will subscribe 
for such an object if solicited. At all events, no comrade should feel 
obliged to decline any office because he cannot attbrd to equip himself. 



•328 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS.. G.A.R. 

III. By request of the Department Inspector, the foUo^ving addi- 
tional assignment of Posts to be inspected is made : — 

AIDKS-DE-CAMP. 

Dennis Linehan 1(J3 

W C. Pomeroy 1G4, 166 

Alonzo H Perry . . 165 

John E McClellan . . 167, 173 

E. P. Morton .... 168 

A. A Harrington 169 

Lysander Wood 170 

R. \V Kand 171 

F. M. Harrington 172 

Charles Fay 174 

Sydney Sibley 175 

S! Wells Hunt 55 

IV. The reports for the third quarter are now due. A large major- 
ity of these reach headquarters within ten days Cannot the officers of 
the other Posts see that theirs arriye within the same time ? A fe\v days' 
delay of a report may seem a trifling matter to a Post Commander or an 
Adjutant, but it is a serious hindrance to the Assistant Adjutant-General, 
who must keep all other reports awaiting its arrival ere he can send his 
consolidated returns to National Headquarters. 

I desire to call attention to some of the errors made in reports The 
most frequent one made is a misstatement of the balance on hand in last 
report. If the Quartermaster would look at his last report, a copy of 
which should be on rtle, this error would not occur. Again, the Adju- 
. tant's and Quartermaster's reports do not agree as to the number in good 
standing. This can be avoided by comparing them. The two reports 
with the 2^er capita tax should be forwarded at the same time and never 
singly 

V. The charter of Post 55 of Taunton is hereby revoked, and that 
number is assigned to a new Post at Proviucetown. 

VI. In the last General Orders from these headquarters the second 
line of the first paragraph should read, " a net gain of over 74,000 com- 
rades," instead of 7,400. 

VII. The following new Posts have been organized since the last 
Order Avas issued : — 

Washburn Post 175, Lancaster, H. M. Nash, Commander. 
J. C. Freeman Post 55, Proviucetown, Geo. H. Nickerson, Com- 
mander. 

VIII. Comrades, we are entering on the last quarter of the year. 
Let us make it a profitable one to the Order. Let us use all honorable 
means to increase the respect for and confidence in us now entertained 
by the people. If they remain as true to us as we were and are to 
them, Ave shall never need for a dollar with which to discharge our char- 
itable obligations. 

Again, the interest in the Grand Army was never so great as now. 
Let us avail ourselves of it to enlarge our mem))ership, Avarmly inviting 
those whose pride restrains them from coming forward at this late day. 
Urge no veteran unduly to join, for the favor is on his side, not yours; 
and seek no veteran's membership whose record in military or civil life 
may be a reproach to the Order. His room is better than his money. 
Such men have in years gone by kept away hundreds whose presence 
Avould have been alike honorable to them and creditable to us. Many of 
these latter are coming in now. Let us give them, even at this eleventh 
hour, a comrade's welcome. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 329 

IX. The address of the Comnuinder-iii-Chief, Avith the report of the 
Committee on Pensions and the Council of Administration, which ^vere 
presented to tlie last National Encampment and adopted, has been sent 
to the Commanders of the Posts in the Department. 

X The address is wanted at this office of Lieut. W. H. Ha3'den, 1st 
Mass Heavy Artillery; some member of Company K, 11th Mass , Avho 
kncAV John Long of said company; some member of Company K, 4th 
U.S. Artillery; some member of Company I, KUh Mass. Infantry, Avho 
knew .John Gastner. 

XL General Orders, Nos. 3, 4, and 5, from National Headciuarters 
are hereby promulgated. 

Bv command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Department Commander . 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adiutant-General. 



Headquaktehs Department of Massachusetts, \ 
Grand Army of the Republic, > 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room (5. ) 
General Orders, 1 Boston, Nov 28, 1884. 

No. 9. ) 

I. Comrades : As my official year draws to its close, I desire to call 
the attention of Posts to their suspended membership The reports for 
the third (piarter showed a suspended list of six hundred and seventy- 
seven comrades. I have no desire to bequeath any such legacy as this to 
my successor in office, and therefore urge the comrades to see that no 
worthy member is allowed to remain on this list. Many of our Posts, 
both large and small, have no suspended list, although complying strictly 
with Rules and Regulations. This is largely due to the excellent man- 
agement of the Quartermaster, aided by the comrades of the Post, who 
ofttimes know nothing about the number of members suspended. I 
won III not have a single unworthy or disatlected veteran carried by the 
Order in contravention of the Rules; yet on the other hand no comrade 
should be subjected to the annoyance of being dropped or suspended, 
because by being engrossed in active business he has inadvertently 
allowed his membership to lapse. Let us better this state of things, and. 
reduce our suspended list the current tiuarter to a minimum. 

II I regret to report Posts 20, 92, IK), 129, 137, 157, 164, 167, 170, as 
not having sent in their last quarterly returns on time. It is hoped that 
the Commanders of these Posts Avill make a special ett'ort to be prompt 
with their returns for this the final quarter, so as to facilitate the making 
up of the annual,reports to be presented to the Department Encampment. 

III. The following new Posts have been organized since the last 
order from these headquarters : ■ — 

Gen. Horace C. Lee Post 17f;, Huntington, E, D Hutchinson, Com- 
mander. 

Scott Bradley Post 177, Lee, D. M. Wilcox, Commander. 

IV. A Ten-cent Fund has l)een established by the Woman's Relief 
Corps, in aid of Anna Ella Carroll, who " spent health, strength and for- 
tune in services rendered the government in the prosecution of the war." 
She is now old, broken-down and destitute. Comrades or their friends 
desiring to contribute their mite to so worthy and deserving an object, 
will forward it to Mrs. .Vbbie M. Gannett, Mald^, Mass , who will 
properly account for all such sums. 



330 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

V. Sickness having compelled the resignations of Aides-de-Camp 
S. T. Chamberlin and John H. Gould, they are hereby accepted. 

Comrade Charles H. Fuller of Post 163 is hereby appointed Aide-de- 
Camp on 'my personal Stall'. He will be obeyed and respected accord- 
ingly. 

"VI. The Department Inspector is hereby instructed to make such 
details from the Staft as in his judgment seem advisable, to complete 
the inspection where previous details have, from any cause, failed to 
perform the duty assigned them. 

VII. Particular attention is directed to the election of delegates and 
alternates to the Department Encampment. This election must be held 
at the first regular meeting in December. The ratio of representation is 
as follows : One delegate and one alternate for evei'y tifty members 
reported in good standing at the end of the third quarter, ending Sep- 
tember !50, with an additional delegate and alternate for the fraction 
when it is more than one-half that number. But every Post, whatever 
its membership, is entitled to one delegate. (See Eulesand Regulations, 
Cliap. Ill , Art. II.) lilank credentials have been forAvarded on which 
to make returns One copy only will be sent to these headquarters 

VIII Comrades, one full month remains in which to swell the net 
increase for this Grand Army year. We can show a gain of 2.500 worthy 
veterans if each Post of less than seventy-live members shall muster at 
least two more recruits, and larger Posts a proportionate number. Let 
us do this, and the close of another year will see this Department 20,000 
strong. 

IX. The address is wanted at this office of Capt. B. F. Josselyn. 
11th Mass. Infantry; Capt. W. Irving Allen, 31st Mass. Infantry: any 
member of Company E, 2Sth Mass. Infantry, from December, isfil, to 
December, 18G2; a member of Company A, 3d Mass. Cavalry, who knew 
George Molloy; any member of the United States marines on board ship 
CoIorarJo, Avho knew Eben D. Blake ; John Instone, Company K. .jSth 
Mass. Infantry; any and all ex-offlcers United States Navy; Dennis 
Linehan and Michael Murphy, Company F, 1st Mass. Cavalry. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Department Commander. 

A. C. Monroe, 

Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Department of Massachusetts, \ 
Grand Army of the Republic, - 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room 6. ) 
General Orders, ") Boston, Dec. 10, 188-1. 

No. 10. I 

I. Comrades: By Rules and Regulations it is provided that Post 
officers shall be installed into their respective offices at the first stated 
meeting in January. Posts desiring the services of a particular com- 
rade for this purpose will first secure his consent to perfoim the duty, 
and then at once notify these headciuarters of their choice, when he will 
be detailed by the Chief Mustering Officer. The details thus made will 
be reported in the next General Order. Do not delay, but act in the mat- 
ter at once. Your wishes should be known here not later than the 27th 
inst. The expenses of the installing officer should be borne by the Post, 
but it is suggested that both time and expense may be saved the Post by 
securing the services of the Senior Past Post Commander to act as mus- 
tering officer. 



MNKTEENTII ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 331 

II. Post 178, Otis, Warren O. Hawle}', Commander, has been organ- 
ized since last General Orders. 

Ill The Trustees of the Soldiers' Home request the Adjutant of 
each Post to send to these headquarters the name and P O address of 
each comrade, to whom they may mail an Annual Report of that excel- 
lent institution. 

IV. The address is wanted at this office of the surgeon in charge 
at Portsmouth Grove Hospital, Uliode Island, from Sept 10 to Dec 11, 
18G2; Thomas Ward, Private, Company A, ;3d Mass. Heavy Artillery. 

V. General Orders, No. 8, from National Head(|uar*ters is hereby 
promulgated. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Department Commander. 

A. C MONKOE, 

Assista n t Adjiita lit- General. 



Headquarters Dei'.artment of Mas.saciiusetts, ) 
Grand Army of the Kepublic. > 

12 PtMliERTOX S(J , HOOM fi. | 

General Orders, "l Boston. Dec. 29, 1884. 

No 11. i 

I. The following named comrades are hereby detailed as mustering 
officers by Comrade George H Bonney, Jr , Chief Mustering Officer of 
the Department, and will install the officers of the Post whose numbers 
appear against their names : — 

John D. Billings, Department Commander .... ... 68, 8(5 

John W Hersey, Department Senior Vice-Commander . . 103, U7, 16« 
Kichard F Tobiu, Department Junior Vice-Commander 18, 23, 30, 1.59 
Edward McKay, Council of Administration ....... 130, 163 

A. C Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General 2, 36, 87, 156 

S. A Cashing, Jr., Department Inspector ... .... 32 

George H Bonney. Jr . Chief Mustering Officer . .... 16.5 

John W. Kimball, Past Department Commander 153 

George W. Creasey, Past Department Commander ..... 5 
G. H. Patch, Past Department Commander . .... 57, 102 

G. S. Evans. Past Department Commander . . . 4, 7, 16, (2, 125, 161 
Charles O Fellows, Past Assistant Quartermaster-General . . 21, 35 

Charles H Leonard . . ..... 76, 154 

Thomas Swasey 82 

John Collins .... ... . . 6 

William H Morgan ... 89 

William S. Frost 43, 80 

William C Litchlield 54 

William H Eastman 34 

Tristram Talbot 122 

I. H. Goodhue ... 65 

P. Henry O'Connell 90 

AVilliam H Thomas 104 

John S Heck ... 75 

George T. Fayeweather 96 

Orrin Dalrymple 79 

William L. Gage . 58, 88 

David Dunliar 31 

Alonzo G. Furbush . 63 



332 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 

Dennis Linehan 15 

John A Bearse 49 

Jeremiah Norris 149 

Rodney D. Looniis 70 

F. F. ilarlow 78 

Louis L Stone 175 

Georije E. Goodrich 19 

Isaac^M Holt 121 

Samuel C Hunt 1 

Eugene R. Prior lOR 

D.'j. Starbnck 134 

S. Wells Hunt 55 

E. P. Wildes 108 

Charles H Deyo 51 

Daniel F. Kiley 42 

Georiie W. Corev 173 

K. W. Hand . ' 140, 162 

Geofiie L Goodale 66 

H. T. Hrii-ham 67 

Lucius Field 04 

S. H. Smith 126 

John F. Dolan .172 

Charles F. Perkins 81 

George W. Rockwood 59 

C. H. Taft 144 

George J. Sanger 152 

Alexander Smart 114 

Edward P. Miles 138 

R. B. Dickie 158, 177 

Darius Hadley 95 

John H. Abbott 133 

James Bracken . 168 

H. M. Converse 160 

Cyrus T. Batchelder 50 

Charles Grey 123 

William H. Brown 118 

George H. Walker 105 

Harry A Cushman 3 

N. E. Ladd 101 

Charles H. Colburn ... 120 

C R. Bartlett 136 

Charles H. Clark 176 

A. A. Burrill 22 

D H. Smith 145 

William Spaulding 12 

F. W. Polley 53 

R. C Jenkins 14 

W. H. Eastman 128 

Georse R. Peirce 150 

David L Hodges 169 

Dexter Hager 164 

B. S. Atwood 13 

Fitz J. Babson 45 

Frank 0. Barnes 56 

E. R. Jewett 91 

A. H. Cogswell 100 

Charles F. Urann 43 

.V. A. Seaverns 112 

George M Fisk 117 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMP:MENT. 333 

II. The Commanders of the above indicated Posts should at once 
communicate with their musterin.ir officers, irivinu- time and place of 
installation, and the most direct way of eettinij there. In case the com- 
rade designated above for any Post cannot be present, and Avhere no 
comrade has been detailed by the Chief Mnstering Officer, any National 
or Department officer, or Past Post Connnander (in his own Post) in 
iiood standino; (except the retirinij- Commander) may act. In no case 
will the officers of any Post be installed until all reports and dues have 
been forwarded. (See Service Book ) 

III A year's supply of blank Adjutant's and Quartermaster's reports, 
with blank bond for Post Quartermastei-, have been sent to each Post 
Commander If the same have not been received, notice should be sent 
to these headcpiarters at once. 

IV The Eighteenth Session of the Department Encampment will 
be held in this city January 28 and 29. It is proposed to have a ban(|uet 
at the close of the meeting. In order that the committee may work 
understaudingly, Commanders of Posts are requested to send to this 
office at their earliest opportunity, on the enclosed card, the names of 
comrades of their respective Posts who will jjurchase tickets to the same. 
Price of tickets $1.00. Promptness is desirable in this matter, as only 
five hundred tickets can be issued, on account of the capacitv of the hall. 

V. The address is wanted at these headquarters of Assistant Sur- 
geon Frederick E. Porter, or any officer who served on United States 
gunboat Tuscmnhia in 18f;;3. 

VI. The following new Posts have been organized since the last 
Order was issued : — 

Samuel F. Wood Post 179, Barre, B. F. Brooks, Commander. 

Post 180. Concord, George P. How, Commander 

VII General Orders, Nos. 9 and 10, from National Headqiuirters. 
are herewith promulgated. 

By command of 

. JOHN D KILLINGS, 

Official: Dppartmnit Commnnder. 

A. C. MONKOE, 

Aiisistant Adjutant-G enerah 



SETTS, \ 
UHLIC, |- 
)OM 0. ) 



Headquarters Department ok Massachu 
Grand Army ov the Rei 
12 Pkmberton Sq., Room 
General Orders, I Boston, Jan. .".. 188.- 

No. 12. / 

I The annual Encampment of this Department will meet at Faneuil 
Hall, Boston, Thursday evening, January 29, at seven o'clock, and con- 
tinue the session at Tremont Temple, January ."JO. 

II. It is earnestly desired that every Post in the Department shall 
be represented by its full delegation, and as arrangements are making 
for transacting more of the business than usual at the evening session'^ 
delegates should be on hand punctually and stay through the meeting. 
Posts should pay the expenses of their delegates, if necessarv to secure 
this end 

III. The ratio of representatives has already been published in 
General Orders, No 9. In the absence of a Post Commander, the Senior 
Vice-Commander may represent the Post, or if both are absent, the 
Junior Vice-Commander may act. 

IV. Comrade Charles D. Stiles, Commander of Post GS, will detail 
an Officer of the Day, Officer of the Guard, an Orderly, and eight com- 



334 HISTORY DEPT. OP MASS., G.A.R. 

rades, to act as guard during the Encampment. This detail will report to 
the Assistant Adjutant-General at Faneuil Hall at 6 p m., on the 29th. 

V. After the adjournment of the Encampment, a banquet will be 
served at Faneuil Hall, to which Governor Robinson, Mayor O'Brien, and 
other distinguished guests have been invited. Only five hundred tickets 
will be issued at $1 00 each, and as delegates are flrst to be supplied, it 
is hoped they will order tickets through their Post Commanders without 
delay, so that if any are left, they can be sold to comrades desiring 
them 

VI. The Department Commander takes pleasure in calling attention 
to a Avork recently compiled by Comrade Robert B. Beath, Past Com- 
mander-in-Chief, under the title of the " Grand Army Blue Book." which 
gives to each section or article of the Rules and Regulations, in notes 
appended thereto, the decisions of Commanders-in-Chief, or opinions of 
the Judge Advocate-General bearing thereon, with additional notes, ex- 
planations or suggestions, by Comrade Beath. The system of references 
adopted in this book, with the varied inforniatioa it contains, not easily 
accessible in any other form, makes this work one of great value to every 
officer or comrade desiring to be fully informed on Grand Army laws 
and usages. Each Post should have a copy and keep it for reference by 
comrades. 

The sale of this book is not restricted to Posts alone, but can be pur- 
chased by comrades from these headquarters at $1.00 per copy. Every 
Post officer should be well informed on the laws governing the Post, and 
in this book Avill be found the information necessary to an intelligent 
performance of his duty. 

VII. The address of Captain Ladd, Assistant Quartermaster First 
Division Ninth Army Corps, in front of Petersburg, near City Point, Va , 
July, 1864, is wanted at these headquarters. 

By command of 

JOHN D. BILLINGS, 
Official : Department Commander. 

A. C. MONHOE, 

Assistant Adjutant-General . 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 



335 



ROSTER 

Department of Massachusetts, G.A.R, 
1884. 



Elected. 

John D. Billings, Commander . Cautoii. 

John W. Hkksev, Senior Vice- Commander . Springfield. 

Richard F. Tobin, Junior Vice-Commander, Cambridge. 

James Olivkb, Jr., iWedicai /Hrec^or . Atliol. 

Rev. Richard Eddy, Chaplain Melrose. 

Council of Administration. 

W. W. Scott Worcester. 

J. CusHiNG Thomas Boston. 

John McDonocgii South Boston. 

Edward McKay Milford. 

Charles H. Tkacy Cliicopee. 



Official iStaf. 

A. C. yiOSYiOE, Assistant A<l}vtant-General . 
Thomas E. Barker, Assista^it Q.M.-General, 
isAMUEL A. Gushing, Jr , Insjycctor . 
John H. YiA'RUX, Judge Advocate 
Geo. H. Bonney, Jr., Cliief Musterina Officer, 



A. \. Harrington, 
Justin B. Willard, 
David Dunbar, 
John S. Be( k, 

S. Wells Hunt, 
Fred. A. Washhurn. 
Dennis Linehan, 
Hubert O. >rooRE, 

B. Kead Wale.s, 
E. B. Meehan, 
Alvin R. Bailey, 



Aidcs-de-Cami' 



yi Pemberton Sq., Room (!, Boston 
12 Pemberton Sq., Room (>, Boston. 
5 Merchants Row, Boston. 
23 Court Street, Boston. 
Kingston. 



Canton. 

Worcester. 

East Weymouth. 

Medford. 

Sandwicli. 

New Bedford. 

Boston. 

Lynn. 

Dorchester. 

Boston. 

Charlestoxi'n. 



John H. Abbott, 

E. P. Morton, 

W. A. Wetiierbee, 
Lysandeu AVood, 
Alonzo H. I'ekry, 
I'ETEu Snyder, 
w. c. pomekov, 
Wm. L. Gage, 

F. M. Harkington, 

E. Warren Harback, 
H. N. Harkiman, 



Pall River. 

Webster. 

Newton. 

stoughton. 

Plymouth. 

No. Adams. 

Northampton. 

So. Braintree. 

Northboro. 

Upton. 

Georgetown. 



336 



HISTOKY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.K. 



Aides-de- Camp ( Continued) . 



Charles Fav, 
R. W. Rand, 
Chas. H. Wyman, 
Lyman W. Clark, 
C. W. C. Rhoades, 
Horace J. Gray, 
A A. Seavekns, 
Samuel Worcester, 
Wm. H. Matthews, 
Jeremiah Xorris, 
Chas. H. Clark, 
S. F. Draper, 



Springfie]d. 

Orange. 

Fitchbiirg. 

E. Rostou. 

Roxbury. 

Oambridgeport. 

No. Scituate. 

Salem. 

Wobuni. 

Chelsea. 

Westfield. 

Fayville. 



John H. Gould, 
Chas. F. Ubann, 
Chas. L. Tucker, 
Robert B. Dickie, 
Darius Hadley, 
H. A. Cushman, 
Ernest Wagner, 
E. T. Haryei,l, 
S. T. Chamberlain, 
John E. McClellan, 
Leach Clark," 
Wm. H. Coan, 



Medlield. 

Lowell. 

Amesbury. 

Lanesboro. 

Everett. 

Taunton. 

Metliuen. 

Rockland. 

So. Gardner. 

Saundersville. 

Ipswich. 

Lawrence. 



Beprescntatives to Nationnl Encampment. 



delegate-at-large. 



alternate -at-lakge. 



James F. Meech, 

deleg 
Chas. M. Whelden, 
Henry C. Hall, 
J. A. G. Richardson, 
Geo. a. Fletcher, 
John E. Killian, 
Andre\v C. Stone, 
John MacFarlane, 
Wm. H. Estey, 
Geo. G. Bailey, .Ir., 
Chas. O. Welch, 
Thus. H. Hill, 
Chas. S. Anthony, 
M. R. Greeley, 
E. B. Stillings, 



Lynn. 

\TES. 

Pittstield. 

Waltham. 

Lowell. 

Milton. 

Boston. 

Lawrence. 

Lynn. 

Boston. 

Hyde Park. 

E. Cambridge. 

Woburn. 

Taunton. 

S. Weymouth. 

Boston. 



John L. i >tis, 

altern; 
F. O. Barnes, 
J. H. Abbott, 
S. F. Keyes, 
E. S. Horton, 
C. Frank Luthee, 
Wm. H. Wakren, 
Thos. E. Barker, 
J. W. Sawyer, 

C. H. COBURN, 

E. H. Dyer, 
E. P. Davis, 
J. T. Capelle, 
H. M. Phillips. 

1'. A. LiNDSEV, 



Northampton. 



Chelsea. 

Fall River. 

Boston. 

Attleboro, 

North Adams. 

Wakefield. 

Maiden. 

Saugus. 

Lowell. 

South Boston. 

Plainville. 

East Cambridge. 

Springfield. 

Carabridgeport. 



Past Department Commanders. 



Austin s. Cushman, 
Francis a. Osborn, 
A. B. R. Sprague, 
*James L. Bates, 
William Cogswell, 
A. B. Underwood, 
John W. Kimball, 
George S. Merrill, 



New York. 

Boston. 

Worcester. 

Weymouth. 

Salem. 

Boston. 

Fitchbiir,!?. 

Lawrence. 



Horace Binney Sargent, 

Salem. 
John G. B. Adams, Lynn. 

*John a. Hawes, Fairhaven. 

George W. Creasey, Newbuiypoit. 
George H. Patch, ScFramingham. 

George S. Evans, Cambridge. 



* Deceased. 



NINKTKKNTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 

POSTS. 



337 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logau Rodman 
Dahlsrreu 



W. H. Bartlett 

U. S. Grant 

General I.ander 

P. T. Wynian 

Chas. Russell Lowell 



E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward , 



Abraham Lincoln. 



H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster . 



C.C.Phillips 

John A. Andrew . 



E. K. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick.. 
Colonel Prescott . . . 
Edwin V. Sumner. . 
H. S. Greenleaf . . . . 
Friedrich Hecker. . . 
Maj. E. F. Fletcher 
Joseph Hooker . . . . 



A. B. R. Sprague... 

H. H. Legge 

Thos. (r. Stevenson 

Charles Devens 

George D. Wells . . . 
F. P. H. Rogers .... 



William H. Smart. 
George W. Perry. . 
Washington 



Burbank 

Phil. 11. Sheridan ... 
Theodore Winthrop. 

Francis Gould 



F. A. Stearns. 

Dexter 

Xeedham. ... 



Gen. H. G. Berry. 

Lyon 

B. F. Butler 



John A. Rawlins .. 
G. Wesley Nichols 

Colonel Allen 

Richard Borden 



No. 



Town. 



New Bedford 
South Boston 



Taunton. . 
Melrose. . . 

Lynn 

Ilolliston. 
Boston 



Middleboro 

Hudson 

Worcester. . 



Commander. 



Charlestown. 



Wakefield 
Brockion. 



Hopkinton 
Boston 



Siiringfleld .. 

Orange 

Ashland 

Fitchburg . . . 

Colerain 

Boston 

Milford 

East Boston. 



James L. Wilber 

J. Payson Bradley 

490 Broadway 

Gustavus T. Fisher 

Edwin C. Gould 

Geo.D. Stiles 

Daniel F. Travis- 

Alberts. Buswell ( 

100 Vernon St., Rox. j 

Alvin P. Vaughn 

Hiifus Howe 

Wni. L. Robinson 1 

13 Mechanics St. j 

Thos. H.Haskell 

Harvard Sq. } 
Oliver Walton 



Grafton 

Uxbridge 

Roxbury 

Oxford 

West Boylston 
Waltham 



30 Canibridgeport 



South Boston. 



Major How 47 



George S. Boutwell . 

A. W. Bartlett 

Union 



Ezra Batcheller 
A. B. Randall 



Geo. A.Grant 

Box 1044 

T. N. Drawbridge 

Geo. O. Noyes 

Box 3432 

E. AV. Lathrop 

R. W. Rand 

John H. Balcom 

Ira G. Wilkins 

David W. Snow 

Charles Bleiler 

George L. Mavnard 

Jos. H. Daltoh 

106 White St. 

Henry Mann 

E.J. Hill 

Charles H. Hovey . 

Fred G. Hyde 

W. L. G. Haskins 

William D. Newland. . . , 
Box 78 I 

John W. Walker , 

, . , 3(i River Street j 

scituate I A. A. Seaverns 

North Scituate 

W.J. Blake 1 

19 Dedham Street ( 

Chas. A. McDonald 

Albert J. Lowd 

Geo. W. Marsh 1 

Box 9 ] 

Horace D. Durgin i 

No. Cambridge ( 

Geo. L. Smith 

E. Legg 

Geo. H. Flagg 1 

42 Charles Street | 

, Benj. .Johnson 

Westheld | Chas. H.Clark.... 

Lowell Frank B. Peabody 

-, ,, Wamesit Mills < 

Marlboro E. C. Marsh 

Fayville Francis Wright " 

Gloucester j Wni. H. Cross 

Fall River , John H. Abbott i 

28') So. Main Street 

Haverhill... I Wm. H.Johnson ) 

Rear 108 Wash. Street ( 

Ayer ' Francis Love joy 

Newburyport j Jos. L. Johnson 

Peabody 1 Wni. H. Hildretli > 

Box 173 i 
North Brookfield... John S. Cooke. 

South Easton Ellis R. Holbrook / 

! Box 30 (Cochesett) { 



Woburn. 
Salem..., 
Chelsea . 



Arlington 



Spencer.. . 
Brookfield 
Lawrence. . 



Maiden... 



Night of 
Meeting. 



Wednesday 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Tuesday 

Isc and 3d Tues. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

Saturday 
Wednesday 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Monday 

Thursday 

Wednesday 

Friday 

2d and 4th Wed. 

Alter. Fridays 

Wednesday 

Monday 

1st and 3d Sat. 

Wednesday ■ 
2(1 and 4th Tues. 
2d and last Men. 
1st and od Tues. 
1st and 3d Mon. 
1st and 3d Tues. 
1st and 3d Fri. 

2d and 4th Tues. 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Wed. 

Thursday 
Tuesday 

Thursday 

lstand4thThurs. 

1st and .3dThurs. 
1st and 3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

lstand3dThurs. 
•id and 4th Tues. 

Thursday 

Tuesday 
Monday. 
Thur-day 

Thursday 

Tuesday 

1st Thursday 
Friday 

Monday 

Thursday 

2d and last Thur. 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



Charles H. Stevens. . . 
Capt. U. S. Hastings. 
I.D.Paull 



Charles P.eck 

P. Stearns Uavis. 
Reynolds 



INrajor J. A. Pratt. 

Franklin 

Nathaniel Ijvon . . 

Charles \V arcl 

Gen. W^adsworth . . 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 



Benj. Stone, .Tr. 
J. P. Rice 



George A. Custer. 
Kilpatrick 



A. St. John Chambre.. 

McPherson 

Hartsuff 

J. P. Gould 

Col ling wood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell . . . 
Chas. D. Sanford. . . 
Arthur G. Biscoe. . 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr. 

J. E. Wilder 

M. E. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

W. L. Baker 

Gen. S. Thayer. . . . 

Paul Revere' 

J. H. Chipman, Jr. 



Ward 

E. P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn.. . . 

Ozro Miller 

Revere 

Gen.E. W. Hinks.... 

Joe Johnson 

E.J.Griggs 

Henrv Brvant 

Gen. W. F. ISartlett. . . 

William B. Greene 

Charles Sumner 

Huntington F.Wolcott 

Otis ( liainnan 

E. Humphrey 

J. Orson Fiske 



Allen 67 



O. W. Wallace 

L. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody . . . . 

Ericsson 

Capt. Horace Niles.. 
J. E Simmons 



D. Willard Robinson. 



Leominster 

Berlin 

Taunton.... 



Cambridge 

East Cambridge. 
Weymouth 



Sterling . . 
Franklin . 
Webster. . 
Newton.. . 

Natick 

Clinton. .. 
Warren.. . 
Medf ord. . 



Manchester 



Dorchester... 
Westminster. 



Millbury. 
Holyoke. 



Stoughton 

Abiugton 

Kockland 

Stoneham 

Plymouth . 

Holden 

South Abington. 
North Adams 

Westboro 

Watertown 

Marblehead 

Hanover 

South Deerfleld. 

Ware 

Xorthamjiton . . . 
South Braiutree. 

Quincy 

Beverly 



Danvers 

Foxboro 

Brighton 

Shelburne Falls. 

Canton 

Saueus 

North boro 

Belchertown 

Cohasset 

Andover 

Methuen 

Grovelaud 

Milton 

Chicopee 

Hingham 

ITptou 



Rockport 

I'almer 

Georgetown 

East Templeton. . 

Randolph 

Pembroke 



South Scituate. 



Commander. 



Aldrich Cook 

John L. Bruce 

Simeon T. Wilber ( 

Whittenton Mills i 

Daniel T. Duhig 

J. F. Capelle 

Benj. S. Lovell j 

East Weymouth I 

Edward F.Winn 

( )li ver H. 1 ngalls 

A. R. Snow 

W. A.Wetherbee 

Frank P. Sinionds 

Louis L. Stone 

John G Leach — 

Samuel G. Jepson 1 

Box 216 i 
Robert C. Calder 

Box 116 ] 

Chas. D. Stiles 

Abner E. Drury. .. ) 

Box 72 ) 

A. H. Batchelor 

Harry Crosby t 

Box 453 i 
Lysander Wood 

A. H. Wright 

Isaac Hopkins 

R. K. Brown 

Alonzo H. Perry 

Geo. S. Graham 

Wm. H. Gurney 

Geo. S. Stockwell 

Geo. T. Fayeweather 

B. H. Dow 

Wm. B. ISh^Curdy 

W. R. Howes 

Dexter F. Hager. 

Geo. S. Marsh 

W. C.Pomeroy 

Henry A. Monk 

Wm. 'p. Martin 

Jos. W. Stocker ) 

Box 341 ( 
Edward L. Hill 

C. A. Stevens 

Benj . F. Sandborn 

G. li. Pierce 

Jonathan Linlield 

Chas. A. Newhall 

F. M. Harrington 

Geo. M. Abbey .. 

Chas. A. Gross 

Brainerd Cummings 

Daniel Web;-ter 

Hosea B. Nash 

Geo. A. Fletcher 

Charles H Tracy 

Chas. H. Wakefield 

Chas. H. Johnson ( 

Box 2".)1 ) 

Thos. F. Parsons, Jr 

Daniel W. Taft 

Chas. Smith 

J. W. Wallace 

Wm. A. (Jroak 

Henry H. Collamore. . . I 
North Pembroke i 

T. B. Chapman. ) 

Ridge Hill ( 



NKiHT OF 

Meeting. 



2dand4thThur8. 
1st and lid Tues. 

Monday 

Monday 
Wednesday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

1st Saturday 

4th Mon. 

2d and 3d Fri. 

1st and3dThurs. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

1st afid 3d Wed. 

•2d and 4th Tues. 

Friday 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Alternate Sat. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Tuesday . 

1st and 3d Tues. 

Wednesday 

Monday 

Monday 

Wednesday 

1st Saturday 

Tuesday 

Friday 

1st Wednesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

Monday 

Last Tuesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

■2dan(14thThurs. 

1st and 3d Fri. 

Fi iday 

Tliursday 

Thursday 

Monday 

2d and '4th Tues. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Wed. 

2d and lastThur. 

2d and 4th Fri. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st Monday 

2d and 4th' Mon. 

1st Friday 

Friday 

Thursday 

2d and 4ih Wed. 

Thursday 

1st Thursday 

Tuesday 

Monday 
3d Wednesdaj' 
2d and last Tues. 
1st Thursday 
1st and 3d Fii. 

1st Saturday 

2d and last Mon. 



NINETEENTH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 339 

POSTS. 



Name of Post. 



E. W. Kinsley 

Col. C. R. Mudge... 

E. S.Clark 

D. G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis 

Jaines E. Bates 

George G. Mea<le... 
James A. Garfield. 



Timothy 1 ngraham , 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker , 



Justin Dimick 

W. \V. Rockwell 

George E. Sayles 

T. L. Bonuey" 

Gen. James Aiipleton 
Wm. H. Freeman. ... 



James H. Sargent 

George H. Thomas. . . 

Charles Chipman 

Geo. H. Maintien. . . 

Robert A. Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall 

Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis 

W. C. Kinsley 

Hubbard V. Smith. . . 
Frank D. Hammond. 



Burnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll. 

Will. A. Streeter. 
Robert G. Shaw. . 



E. M. Stanton 

A. n. Weld 

Major G. L. Stearns. 



Armstrong 

Maior Boyd 

O. II. P. Sargent.... 

Gilman C. I'arker 

Martha Sever 

Marcus Keep , 

James A. Perkins... 
Klbridge B. Piper.... 
Capt. E. T. Dresser. . 

John A. Hawes 

Alanson Hamilton... 

Woburn 

Manton E. Taft .. 



No. 



113 

114 
115 
116 
117 
118 
119 
120 

121 
122 
123 

124 
125 
12i; 
127 
128 
129 

1.30 
131 
132 
133 
134 
135 
13G 
137 
138 
139 
140 
141 

142 
143 
144 



Town. 



Boston . 



Merrimac . . . 

Groton 

Gardner 

Medtteld 

Swampscott . 
Lexington.. . 
Lowell. 



Hyde Park... 

Amesbury 

Athol Centre. 



East Bridgewater. 

Pittsfleld 

A dams 

Hanson 

Ipswich 

Millville 



Commander. 



Medway 

I.,eicester 

Sandwich 

Plainville 

Boston 

Shrewsbury 

Rutland..." 

East Douglass. 

West Acton 

Somerville 

Athol 

Harwich 



Saxonville. 
Brookline . 
Dedham. .. 



145 Attleboro 

146 New Bedford. 



Amherst 

Winchester . , 
Charlestown . 



Montague 

West Newbury 

Essex 

Winchendon 

Kingston 

Monson 

Everett. .. 

Walpole 

Housa tonic 

East Ho.^ton 

We.1t Brookfield. . . 

Woburn 

Turners Falls 



E. H. Richards 

7 Green St. 

Charles (). Roberts 

M. P. Palmer 

S. T. Chamberlin , 

John H. Gould 

Peleg Gardner 

Chas. T. West 

Hubert M. Potter 

67 Grand Street 

Geo. G. Bailev, Jr 

Chas. L. Tucker 

Chas. L. Gould 

Box 595 

E. E. Edson 

Wm. H. Chamberlin 

F. L. Wheelock 

Charles A twood 

Luther Wait 

Wm. F. Byrne 

Rlackstone 

Henry A. Walker 

F. M. Lamb 

John F. Cunningham . . . 

Wm.H. Wade 

Thos. Cannon 

Jos. R. Loring 

Jas. G. Shannon 

Henry Hutchins 

Jonathan W. Loker 

Chas. F. King 

L. H. Sawin 

Samuel Hawes ) 

West Chatham 

Wm. B. Wallace 

Willard Y Gross.. 

Chas. C. Nichols ) 

Walnut Hill } 

Thos. K. Gay 

Chas. H. Harrison... . ( 

187 Elm Street j 
J. W. Rowland 



Wm. A. Snow 

Horace S. Flagg ) 

16 Carter Street \ 

Jason Mann 

Elbridge G. Wood 

Timothy Andrews 

C T. Stearns 

Geo. H. Bonney, Jr 

Harlow Chapin 

Darius Hailley 

Geo. E. Craig 

Wm. McDonald 

Flavel Shurtleff 

J. G. Warren 

Geo. Perkins 

Edw. E. Barnard 



Night of 
Meeting. 



2d Wednesday 

1st and 3d Fri. 

1st Saturday 

1st Wednesday 

2d Tuesday 

Monday 

2d Thursday 

Wednesday 

1st and 3d Mon. 
Monday 

2dand4thThurs. 
1st Thursday 
1st and 3d Mon. 
Alternate Sats. 
2d Saturday 
Wednesday 

Wednesday 

IstandSdThurs. 

2d and 4th Tues. 

1st Saturday 

Monday 

Thursday 

2d and last Wed. 

1st Monday 

Thursday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Tuesday 

1st and 3d Sat. 

2d and lastThur. 
3d Monday 

3d Friday 

2d and 4th Mon. 

3d Thursday 

I Tues. on or 
/ bef . full moon 
2d and 4th Mon. 

Friday 

2d and 4th Fri. 

2d and 4th Sat. 

Wednesday 

2d Friday 

2d and 4th Sat. 

2d Mondiiy 

2d and 4th Mon. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Friday 

1st and 3d Mon. 

Wednesday 

1st and 3d Mon. 




JOHN W. HERSEY, 
Department Comiviander, 

1885-86. 



JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 



Department of Massachusetts, G.a.R. 



HELD AT 



Boston, 1886. 



JANUARY 27— EVENING SP:SSION. 

The Annual Meeting of the Department of Massachusetts, 
Grand Army of the Republic, convened at Tremont Temple, 
Boston, Jan. 27, 1886, in compliance with General Orders No. 15, 
from Department Headquarters, and was called to order at 7.30 
P.M. by Department Commander John W. Hersey. 

The Officer of the Day reported all present members of the 
Order. 

Past Department Commanders were invited to seats upon the 
platform. 

Prayer was offered by Department Chaplain Rev. E. A. 
Perry, after which the Commander declared the Encampment 
opened in due form. 

On motion of Comrade John McDonough of Post 2, the 
reading of the records was dispensed with. 

The Commander then appointed the following Committee on 
Credentials, viz., the Assistant Adjutant-General, the Assistant 
Quartermaster-General, Comrades Edward McKay and Samuel 
Worcester, Council of Administration, and T. J. Ames of Staff. 



342 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The Assistant Adjutant-General reported for the Committee 
on Credentials, as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 583 

Number present 452 

Divided as follows : — 

Department Officers 15 

Past Department Commanders 6 

Post Commanders 135 

Delegates • • 296 

Total 452 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



343 



DEPARTMENT ENCAMPMENT, 
1886. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS. 

Commander Jonx W Hkksey 

Senior Vice- Commander Richard F. Tobin. 

Junior Vice- Commander Charles D Nash. 

Medical Director Walter H. Leighton. 

Chaplain Kev. E. A. Perky. 

Council of Administrntion. 

John McDonough. Edward McKay Charles H. Tracy. 

Horace A. Sawyer. Samuel Worcester. 

Official Staff. 

Assistant Adjutant-General .... Alfred C. Monroe. 

Assistant Quartermaster- General . . W. W. Scott. 

Inspector B. Read Wales. 

Judge Advocate Henry Winn. 

Chief Mustering Officer Charles Fay 

Past Department Commanders. 

Austin S Cushman. John W. Klmball. 

George S. Merrill. John G. B. Adams. 

George W. Creasey. George H. Patch 

George S. Evans John D. Billings. 

[Only the names of comrades present are given.] 

Post 1. Commander Fred S. Washburn, Andrew J Smith, Thomas 
W. Cook, Edward T. Chapman, S. C. Cliamberlin 

Post 2. Commander C. H. Whitney, J H O'Donnell, W F. Clarke, 
Arthur Neilson, W S. Brown, C. H. Ross. 

Post 3. Commander Lewis B. Hodjres, A. H Blake, Benjamin Morris 
Alden H. Blake, Duncan S Elliott. ' 

Post 4. Commander Edwin C. Gould, Richard Eddy. 

Post 5. Commander T. M. Currant, F. 11. Bean, Fred. P. Larrabee, 
Georye C. Hi-r-rins, W. A Cotton, David Walker. Frank 
G. Kelley, Willis L Hidden, Jas Frev, Thos. Payton, 
Warren Bailey, C M. Sprajjue, C H Roi)inson, John" For- 
rest, C. B. Smith, S. H. Davenport, Fred. Fitts. Geo. D. 
Stiles. 

Post 6. Commander Wm. H. Belcher, B. A. Bridges. 

Post 7. Commander Wilbur F. Lane, Thaddeus Churchill, Jeremiah 
Wakefield, Georije A. J. Colgan, Patrick W Doherty, 
George B Martis, Stephen F. Keyes, J. B. Cherry, Charles 
H. Whitney. 



344 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 8 Commander James M. Sampson, Thomas B. Griffiths, Chas. 

W Turner. 
Post 9. Commander Charles G Brigham, Geo. W. Poor, C. H. Hill. 
Post 10. Commander Cephas N. Walker, S. F, Babbitt, J B Lamb, 
James Armstrong, C W. Putnam, J. B. Willard, Thos. 

O'Gara, Frank H. Rice, Jothani Bigelow, Wm. L. Robin- 
son, Joseph P Eaton, Augiistns Stone, J. N. Jones. 
Post 11. Commander Wm H, Poole, Isaac W. Derby, Thos. H. Haskell, 

Jos W. Hill, John Reade, Everett A. Stevens. 
Post 12. Commander Arlon S. Atherton, W. S. Harris, Wm N. Tyler, 

Jnstin Howard, I) H. Rolfe. 
Post 13. Commander Alfred F Sears, Nathaniel D. Toppan, Wm. R. 

Bunker, Chas. E Tribon, Francis M. Shaw. 
Post 14. Commander N. H Houghton, A O. Thompson. 
Post 15. Commander David R Pierce, E. B Loring, George W. Powers, 

Samuel Canning, David 0. Felt, Charles W. Bartlett, J. 

Gushing Thomas, Francis E. Beahn, Thomas Langlan. 
Post 16. Commander Joel H. Hendrick, H. M Phillips, J L Knight, 

John P.aker, C D. Utlbrd, Wm. S. Shurtleft", C. H Allison, 

Geo. L. Warriner, N E Abbott. E. F. Cross, D W. Ware. 
Post 17. Commander Albert L. Barrett, A L. Shattuck, G. A. Drake. 
Post 18. Commander E H. Bunker, G C Fiske. 
Post 19. Commander Edward P. Loring, Edwin F. Putnam, Fred M. 

Peckham, Sidney Sibley, George S Gilchrest, Edward B 

Macy. 
Post 20. Junior Vice-Commander Loren B Moore. 
Post 21. Commander Charles Rothenberg, Theodore Leutz. 
Post 22. Commander Henry J. Bailey, L. A. Lamson, Henry Hancock, 

Henry A. Pond 
Post 23. Commander Edward Preble, Lyman W. Clark, Samuel M. 

Weale, Lyman W. (lould. 
Post 24. Commander George M. Newton, F. L. Fuller. 
Post 25. Commander Ezra J. Hill. 
Post 26. Commander John E Killian, Michael Riley, Frank W. Monroe, 

Frank B Perkins. 
Post 27. Commander OB. Chaftee, L T Emerson. 
Post 28. W. L. G Haskins. 

Post 29 Commander !V1 H. Stevens, H N Fisher, J. Beaty. 
Post 30. Commander AVm. H. P. Plummer, Samuel Hall, P A. Lindsey, 

E J. Dolan, J. W Walker, J Kinnear. 
Post 31. Commander Geo. O. Vinal, Henry H. Chubuck. 
Post 32. Commander W. J Blake, P. Lynch, D. McCarty. 
Post 33 Commander William P. Warren, Chas W. McDonald, Oliver 

M. Wade. 
Post 34. T. Wilson Nye, Amos Stillman, Albion M. Dudley, Edward C. 

Becket. 
Post 35. Commander Nelson H. Sibley, Joseph B. Everdean, A. G 

Beane, Geo W. White, George W. Marsh. Charles A. 

Littletield, William A. Prescott, William S. Hixon, Charles 

O. Fellows. 
Post 36. Commander Horace D Durgin, Major Bacon. 
Post 37. Commander Charles P. Barton, Charles A. Boyden, James H. 

Holmes, Emerson Stone. 
Post 38. Commander Edwin Legg, E. D. Goodell. 
Post 39. Commander Charles H Couillard, James J. Stanley, James 

Lane, James W. Joyce, Andrew C. Stone, Daniel F. Kiley, 

Charles Phillbrick, Marcus W Copps 
Post 40. Commander F. E West, Frank J. Scott, Nathan Newhall, 

Charles E Thompson. 
Post 41. Commander George H. Prescott, Frank A. Snow, Wm. Provin, 

J. A. Lakin 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



345 



Post 42. 

Post 43. 

Post 44. 
Post 45. 

Post 46 

Post 47. 



Post 48. 
Post 49. 

Post 50. 

Post 51. 
Post 52. 
Post 53. 
Post 54. 
Post 55 
Post 56. 
Post 57. 

Post 58. 

Post 59. 
Post 60. 

Post 61. 
Post 62. 
Post 63. 

Post 64. 
Post 65. 
Post 6G. 

Post 67. 
Post 68. 



Post 69. 
Post 70. 
Post 71. 
Post 72. 
Post 73. 
Post 74. 

Post 75. 
Post 76. 

Post 77. 
Post 78 
Post 79. 

Post 80. 
Post 81. 
Post 82. 



Commander .Tohn Welch, Benj. F. Butler, H. G. O. Weymouth 
John F. Murphy, John E. Quinn, O. M. Cousens, Andrew 
J. Boies, C. A. R. Dimon. 
Commander John R. McCrillis, W. A. Alley, C. F. Robinson 
J. W. Barnes ' 

Commander George Cantello, S F. Draper. 
Commander Sidney Gardner, Benjamin F Cook, Charles H 

Parsons, Albert C. Andrews. 

Commander John II. Ahl)ott, James L. Delmage, Richard Booth 

John M. Deane, Frank McGraw. ' 

Commander Edward B Savage, Thos. M. Arnold, William H 

Johnson, Benj. A. Sawyer, Walter Goodrich, Carl Jensen* 

John C. Goodwin. ' 

Commander John H Sprague, II C Sherwin. 

Commander Henry Martin, Eben P. Cutter, John Burke, Caleb 

P. Davis, Jr., Albert O. Colby, Russell T. Tibbetts. 
Commander Frank E Farnhani, Wm. W. Reed Georo-e B 

Millen. ' '^ 

Commander John S. Cooke, Charles H. Bartlett. 
Commander Ellis R. Holbrook, P. W. Fecto, D. W. Burrill 
Commander A. W. Allen, D W Martin. 
Commander John A. Merrill, E H. Hartshorn. 
Not represented. 

Commander Horace A Allyn, Dexter Jewett, F. W. Hi^'-o-inson 
Commander F. M. Balcom, M. F. Davlin, M. F. Marks T j' 

Quinn. ' 

Commander Benj. S. Lovell, James W. Rand, Moses R. 

Greeley, James J. Mahoney, Jr., Austin P. Beard. 
Not represented 
Commander William E. Nason, George W. Nason Wm. H 

AVilliams ' 

Commander Elias P. Morton, H. J Wooddell, E P Carter 
Commander W. H Park, Jr., J F. Makee, R M Lucas 
Commander S W. Mann, D M. L Gleason, Ed. P. Simpson 
J H Wright ^ ' 

Commander Henry C. Ladd, Charles Frazer. 
W. S. Stearns. 
Commander Robert M. Spinney, John S. Beck, J. Everett 

Pierce. 
Commander Chas. H Stone, E. P. Stanley. 
Commander Charles D. Stiles, Charles B. Fox, Henry P 
Oakman, Edmund C. Whitnev, Charles D. W Marcv 
Walter E. Swan. " 

Commander J. S. Harrington, E. S Kendall. 
Commander E. A. Waters, S. C Spooner. 
Commander W. H. Abbott, A. M Cain, James Howes. 
Commander Lysander Wood, Thomas Blanchard 
Commander A. W. llines. A. H. Wri<>lit, J W. Sproul 
Commander George E Dunham, Silas Guruey, Jeremiah 

Looby. 
Commander S. L. Colley, John Best, C. B Carlin. 
Commander Benj. A. Hathaway, Edmond M. Leach, Alartiu 

Curley. 
Not represented. 

Commander Hufus Cass Ephraim T. Cole, A. B. Caswell, Jr. 
Senior Vice-Commander L. J. Amiden, C. B. Cheesebre E b' 

Hicks 
Commander Chas. E. Smith, F. W. BuUard, L P Claflin 
(^ommander Fred. A. Thomas, G. W. Smith, Geo. E. Teele 
Senior Vice-Commander Richard Goldsmith, John B. Graves 
Jr., Richard B. P.rown, AVilliam K. Brown, Thos. Swasey' 



346 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 83. 

Post 84. 

Post 84. 

Post 86. 

Post 87. 

Post 88. 

Post 89. 

Post 90. 



91. 
92. 
93. 
94. 
95. 
96. 
97. 
98. 
99. 



Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 
Post 100. 
Post 101. 
Post 102 
Post 103. 
Post 104. 
Post 105. 
Post 106. 
Post 107. 
Post 108. 
Post 109. 
Post 110. 
Post 111. 
Post 112. 
Post 113. 

Post 114. 
Post 115. 
Post 116 
Post 117. 
Post 118. 
Post 119. 
Post 120. 

Post 121. 

Post 122. 
Post 123. 

Post 124. 
Post 125. 

Post 126. 
Post 127. 
Post 128. 

Post 129. 
Post 130. 
Post 131. 
Post 132 



Commauder R. C. Waterman, John G. Knight. 

Not represented. 

Commander Frank P Clark, I). W. Ainsworth. 

Commauder Wm R. Bartwell, W C. Pomeroy, Albert A. 

Lyman, John Keach, Geo. C. Clapp. 
Commander Henry A Monk, W. M. Richards. 
Commander Francis P. Loud, Wm. P. Martin, Samnel D De 

Forrest. 
Commander John Planners, James H. Kendall, John W. 

McKnight, Fred. A. Wallis. 
Commander Harvey H Pillsbury, Timothy D. Crowley, Joseph 

J. Fuller, Edward L. Hill. 
Commander 11. C. Liudley, Wm. H Kempton. 
Commander Alva J. Wilson, Frederick Hammond. 
Commander James F. Hunter, Edwin Baker, G. R. Pierce. 
Commander John T. Pitman. 

Senior Vice-Commander James F. Pratt, George W. Gale. 
Not represented. 

Commander A. Morse, Charles Davis. 
David B. Lincoln. 

Commander George W. Chandler, Peter D. Smith 
Commander George H. Barnard, Joseph Martin. 
Nathaniel E. Ladd. 

Commander Charles E C Breck, George A. Fletcher. 
Commander Benj. F. Tucker, Zackery Damon. 
Commander Charles H. Wakefield, John H. Stodder. 
Commander D C. Haviland, Geo. S. Ball. 
Commander Calvin W. Pool. 
Commander Chas. Upham, Daniel W. Tuft. 
Commander Charles W Tenney, C. O Noyes, H. N. Harriman. 
Commander Chas. B. Garfield, Geo. P Hawkes. 
Commander Nathaniel H. Tirrell, Luther Rowe 
Senior Vice-Commander H. C Sampson, H. H Collamore. 
Commander David Bassford, Jr., William C. Litchfield. 
Commander Augustine Sanderson, Augustine N. Sampson, 

AUiert W. Hersey. 
Commander M P. Brew, Bailey Sargent. 
Commander Daniel C Fletcher, Chas. Blood. 
Commander John D. Edgett, Chas. F. Read. 
Commander John H. Pember, Ansel K. Tisdale. 
Commander John J. Adams 
Junior Vice-Commander J. N. Morse. 
Commander W. A. Fifield, H M. Jacobs, W W Tuttle, L. A. 

French, G. W. Huntoon, C. F. Urann. 
Commander E. S. Churchill, S. N. Piper, W. C. Eustis, Jas. 

McKay. 
Commander Charles Goss, Dudley J. Marston. 
Commander James Oliver, Benj. W. Spooner, Hiram A. 

Bancroft. 
Commander Peregrine W. Poole, Francis M. Kingman. 
Commander Walter Cutting. Charles W. Whelden, Edward 

McDonald, Rotjert B. Dickie. 
Commander E. P. Snow, Peter Powers. 
Commander Edward Pendleton, Josiah G. Cook. 
Commander Luther Wait, Nathaniel Shatswell, Thomas F. 

Ellsworth 
Commander Cyremius E. Tucker, Lawrence Gibney. 
Commander Wm J. Arbuckle, Henry A. Walker 
Commander John F. Kebler, John D. Cogswell. 
Commander L. Wells Hunt, Samuel H. Nye. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



347 



Post 133. 
Post 134 
Post 135. 
Post 136. 
Post 137. 
Post 138. 
Post 139. 
Post UO 
Post 141. 
Post 142. 
Post 143 
Post 144. 

Post 14.5. 
Post 146. 
Post 147. 
Post 148. 
Post 149 
Post 150. 
Post 151 
Post 152. 
Post 153. 
Post 154 
Post 155. 
Post 156. 
Post 157. 
Post 158. 
Post 159. 
Post 160. 
Post 161. 

Post 162. 
Post 163. 
Post 164 
Post 165. 
Post 166. 
Po.sT 167. 
Post 168 
Post 169. 
Post 170. 
Post 171. 

Post 172. 
Post 173. 
Post 174. 
Post 175. 
Post 176 
Post 177 
Post 178 
Post 179 
Post 180 
I'O.ST 181 

Post 182 
I'O.ST 183 



Commander William II Wade, Edward P. Davis. 

Commander Samuel A. Valentine, Isaac S. MuUin. 

Hammond W. Page 

Not represented 

Commander Henry Hntcliins, E. C. Norris. 

Commander Isaiah Hutcbins, D. H. Hall 

Commander Melville D Jones. James Davlin. 

Commander William E. Jaqiiith. 

Commander (J N. Munsell, C. H. Rockwell. 

Commander Nathaniel S. Robinson. 

W. Y. Gross, C. C. Soule 

Commander Henry W Weeks, Charles C. Nichols, Wm. R. 

Guild. 
Commander E D Guild, E S. Horton, A. T. Wales. 
Commander Geo. T. Fisher, Chas. II. Hanson. 
Commander H. M. McCloud, C. S. Walker, J. W Howland. 
W. A. Snow 

Commander Charles S. Stone, Patrick Duggan. 
Commander G. N Watsou, Leander Brigham. 
Not repressented. 

Commander Charles E French, Wm. Howe Rnrnham. 
Commander Geo Q A Bryant, Theo. K. Parker. 
Commander Frank C. Hill, Wm. J. Dunham. 
George E. Fuller. 

Commander Charles H. Spencer, Darius Hadley. 
M. W. Allen. 

Commander Wm McDonald. 

Commander Joseph Rossiter, C. E. Bushee, C. E. Ceroid 
Commander George H Howard, James Dillon. 
Commander Milton Moore, Amljrose Bancroft, Chas H. 

Harding 
Commander Otis B. Wood, R L. Atherton. 
Commander E. T. Phinney, Geo. O Bent. 
Commander Charles C Burdett. 
Commander John W. Tower, Lawrence Bradford. 
Commander Edwin E James, Clarence E. Ware. 
Not represented. 
Commander Geo. W. Corey 
Commander Albert G. Webb, Austin E. Pratt. 
Commander Henry H. Fairbanks, John Smith. 
Commander Rollin C. Ward, F. J. Stockbridge, Wm. E. 

Merriam. 
Commander Ambrose Fames. 

Commander John H Harrison, Byron W. Charles. 
Commander Charles C. Haskell, George Pierce. 
Commander Ebeu C. Mann, Henry S. Nourse. 
Edward Pease. 

Commander D. M. Wilcox, Jacob Leroy. 
Commander Warren O. Ilawley. Albert B. Charaplin, 
Commander B F Brooks. 

Commander Edward J. Bartlett, A. P. Chamberlain. 
Not represented. 

Commander Amasa Gray. Wm. Ryan. 
Commander Charles Church. 



The next business was the reports of the Department officers, 
commencing with the address of the Department Commander 
John W, Hersey, as follows : — 



348 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

ADDRESS OF 
DEPARTMENT COMMANDER JOHN W. HERSEY. 

WORK OF THE YEAR. 

Another march is ended, another campaign is closed, and 
we, as comrades and coworkers, stack our arms and again bivouac 
for a brief season, while we review the past, consider the present, 
and counsel together as to the future of our beloved organization. 
And it would seem fitting and proper, that at the very outset of 
our deliberations in this our annual Encampment, we should 
pause, and from our hearts return thanks to the Great Giver of 
all good, who has so kindly led and prospered us in the work of 
the year, both as an organization and as individuals. When, a 
year ago, I received at your generous hands the honor which you 
conferred upon me, by electing me to the most honorable position 
which it has ever been my privilege to attain to, I fully resolved 
that, to the very utmost of mj' abilities and opportunities, no 
effort of mine should be lacking to enable our Department to still 
maintain the high and honorable position which it then held 
amongst the Departments of the nation. And while I have not 
been able to accomplish all I hoped and desired, yet I think lean 
truthfully say, I have done what I could; and while I recount to 
you in detail some of the labors of the year, I do so in no spirit 
of boastfuluess, but having received this honorable trust at your 
hands, it would seem but proper and right, as I return it, that 
with it I should also return to you a general account of my stew- 
ardship. 

During the year, it has been my privilege to attend eighteen 
different camp-fires and thirty-two other Grand Army gatherings 
in various parts of the Department. I have assisted in the open- 
ing of seven different fairs ; have attended all the meetings of 
the Council of Administration, five in number ; have attended 
twenty-five regular Post meetings, four regimental and company 
reunions, one meeting of the Staff', held for the purpose of laying 
out and arranging the work of the year : delivered one Memorial 
Day address, and was present and participated in Memorial Day 
exercises with the comrades of another Post, and in the course 
of the year have made sixty-five Grand Army speeches (such as 
they were) ; have given three hearings at Department Head- 
quarters, on matters pertaining to the interests of the Department ; 
have installed the officers of seven different Posts, five of them 
being public; was present and participated in the work of the 
National Encampment ; attended the reunion of Massachu- 
setts Veterans ; have visited three different places for the pur- 
pose of arranging for the organization of new Posts, and as a 
result of these labors, am happy to report that in two of these 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 34D 

places Posts have been organized and are now doing well ; and 
have been present at the dedication of two soldiers' monuments, — 
making in all one hundred and eleven different occasions in which 
I have, to the very best of my ability, represented the Depart- 
ment in such a manner, at least, as to bring no discredit upon 
it. I have written upwards of three hundred letters and a large 
number of postal cards. In the performance of these duties, I 
have travelled upward of 8,000 miles, and have met at various 
times and in different places over 17,000 of the comrades of the 
Department ; have been absent from home and away from my 
business in the interests of the Department nearly eighty days, 
and think I can safely say, that taking this, together with the 
time that I had given to the interests of the Department when 
at home, fully one third of the year has been spent in the service 
and interests of the Department. 

As I contemplate the past and sum up the labors of the year, 
and am about to commit this grand and noble work to other 
hands, I find but one lingering regret in my mind, and that is, 
that I have not been able to do more to advance the interests of 
our beloved Department, and to extend the influences of this grand 
and fraternal comradeship, which is so dear to each one of our 
hearts. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

When 1 entered upon the duties of the year, I was well 
aware of the fact that the field of Grand Army work and inter- 
ests in this Department had been so thoroughly worked and 
cultivated by my worthy predecessors in office, that I could not 
reasonably hope or expect to accomplish much in the way of 
organizing new Posts ; consequently I turned my attention more 
particularly to the work of building up and strengthening those 
already organized ; and as a result of the labors of the year, I 
think I can safely say that our Department was never in a more 
flourishing and prosperous condition than at the 'present time, and 
I am able to report the following facts relative thereto. At the 
commencement of the year, we had 180 Posts; we now have 183, 
a gain of three new Posts, notwithstanding the fact that at the 
commencement of the year I could not see the least possible 
opening for a single new Post in the Department. Jan. 1, 1885, 
the Assistant Adjutant-General reported a net membership of 
16,637. Jan. 1, 1886, his report shows a net membership of 
17,965, making a gain of 1,328 for the year, a result over which 
I think we may well congratulate ourselves, considering the fact 
that we can no longer expect to increase our membership by the 
formation of new Posts, and also the fact that the field from 
which we may hope or expect to get an increase of membership is 
becoming more and more limited each year as the years go by. 



350 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

and that we are fast approaching that time when the tide must set 
in the other direction, and we shall have to report a decrease 
instead of an increase 

A matter that has given me a good deal of thought and 
anxiety during the year has been the matter of suspended mensber- 
ship ; and I have to confess that the more I have thought and 
considered the question, the further I seemed to be from the 
solution of the problem, how we can avoid this terrible drain 
upon our membership. I can only suggest as a remedy for this 
great evil, thorough and S3'stematic work on the part of Post 
ofticers especially Post Quartermasters, in looking closely after 
those who are inclined to be delinquent in the payment of their 
dues. Another remedy that I would respectfully suggest and 
urge upon the attention of comrades, is the importance of allow- 
ing no comrade, who is honestly poor, to be thrust out and lose 
his membership simply because he is poor. In the beautiful words 
of our installation service, I would say, " Seek out and aid the 
deserving poor," and let this grand work commence right in the 
Post room, " and if a comrade be worthy stand by him, though 
all the world else forsake him ; " and commence by having the 
Post pay his dues, rather than crowd him out into the cold, 
simply because he is poor. 

FINANCES. 

By the report of the Assistant Quartermaster-General, it will 
be seen that the financial affairs of the Department, at the pres- 
ent time, are in a most excellent and gratifying condition, reflect- 
ing great credit not only upon those who have had the management 
of the finances of the Department, but also upon the Posts and 
comrades, who, by their promptness and faithfulness to the inter- 
ests of the Department, have contributed so much towards the 
accomplishment of these desirable results. 

By the report of the Assistant Quartermaster-General of last 
year, Comrade Barker, it will be seen that, at the commencement 
of the present year we had on hand, cash, $2,835. 62 net; and by 
referring to the report of the present Assistant Quartermaster-Gen- 
eral, Comrade Scott, it will be seen that we now have on hand 
$4,394.40 cash ; showing for the year a net gain of $2,008.78, 
which, together with the property belonging to the Department, 
consisting of ottice furniture, supplies, etc , as per appraisal, the 
total assets of the Department to be S5,221.25, and best of all, 
no liabilities. Two thousand dollars of the cash on hand has, by 
vote of the Council of Administration, been deposited in two 
reliable savings banks in the city of Boston ($1,000 in each). 
By the advice and under the direction of the Judge Advocate, 
Comrade Winn, this money was deposited in the name of the 
Department Commander, Assistant Adjutant-General and Assist- 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT 351 

ant Quartermaster-General, and their successors in office, in such a 
manner that it cannot be drawn therefrom, except upon a written 
order, signed by all three of these officials ; and to make it still 
more secure, on motion of Judge Advocate Winn, it was unani- 
mously voted by the Council of Administration, that even these 
officials are not to make any draft upon this money, or the increase 
thereof, unless authorized so to do by vote of the Council. This, 
in my judgment, is a wise and judicious policy, and J respect- 
fully recommend that this Encampment instruct the incomina 
Council of Administration to invest $1,500 more of the surplus 
funds of the Department in some reliable savings bank in the city 
of Boston (not over $1,000 in any one bank), on the same con- 
ditions and under the same restrictions as that already invested. 
The present prosperous financial condition of our Department 
again leads us to the consideration of the question submitted to 
the last Encampment by my predecessor, Past Department Com- 
mander Billings, viz.. whether or not it is advisable, in the pres- 
ent condition of our finances, to further increase the permanent 
fund at Department Headquarters. 

I think that we ought not to forget, that this money comes 
largely from the pockets of our comrades, upon many of whom 
the burdens of life rest heavy, and also that many have been com- 
pelled to drop out by the way and lose their identity with us, 
simply because it was impossible for them to pay their dues, small 
as they were ; and I feel that any relief, be it ever so small, that 
vve can extend to the weaker Posts and poorer comrades of the 
Department will be a move in the right direction. Havin<T very 
carefully and thoughtfully considered this matter in all its^bear 
mgs, I fail to see any good reason why we should continue to 
increase the funds at Department Headquarters as fast as they 
have been increasing during the past two or three years, and I 
therefore respectfully recommend that this Encampment reduce the 
per capita tax of the Department from thirtv-two cents to twenty- 
four cents per member, which, together with the other revenues 
of the Department, will, in my judgment, produce a sufficient 
income to meet all the current expenses of the Department, and 
leave a small balance, each year, to be added to the permanent 
fund of the Department. 

I respectfully renew the recommendation of my predecessor 
that the sum of $300 be appropriated by this Encampment to pay 
the travelling expenses of the Department Commander when on 
otHcial duty ; and also of the Senior and Junior Vice-Commanders 
when acting in his stead ; and I also recommend that, when either 
of these officers are absent from home on otHcial duty, as al)ove 
specified, it becomes necessary for them to seek hotel accommo- 
dations, the Department shall pay such bills ; but in no case shall 
the total expenditures of the year for such purposes exceed the 



352 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

sum of $300, and that all bills so contracted shall be subject to 
the approval of the Council of Administration. 

I further respectfully recommend that the expenses of the 
Department Commander and Assistant Adjutant-General to the 
National Encampment, be paid by the Department ; and also that 
the sum of $200 be appropriated for extra clerk hire to assist the 
Assistant Adjutant-General in the clerical work of his office. 

WORK OF CHARITY. 

In no Department of the country is the work of charity, to 
my mind the most important of our organization, more perfectly 
exemplified than in our own ; a fact that ought to gladden the 
heart of every comrade who has in any way contributed towards 
the accomplishment of these grand results, for whatever else we 
may do, this is, and ought to be, pre-eminently the work of the 
Grand Army. 

During the year just closed there has been expended by the 
various Posts of the Department the magnificent sum of $38,212.5(3 
in the work of charity ; and in the expenditure of this large sum, 
1,595 members of the Grand Army have been assisted, and 763 
that were not members ; and I am sorry to note, in this connec- 
tion, an increase in the amount expended in aid of those not mem- 
bers of our organization, for I am coming more and more to 
believe that it is inexpedient and unjust to our comrades, who are, 
and have been all these years, bearing the burdens of our organ- 
ization, only to see those sharing equally with them, who, for 
some reason or other, have taken no interest nor borne no part in 
the work of charity in which we are engaged. I am thoroughly 
convinced that we ought to discriminate very closely in the dis- 
pensing of our charity, and only in the most extreme cases expend 
the money of our relief funds, which rightfully belongs to the 
comrades of the Grand Army, in aid of those who stand aloof 
from us, and are never seen or known, only as they reach out 
their hands to us for aid, when misfortune overtakes them. 

In considering this matter of charity, and comparing what 
has been done in this direction in our own Department with that 
accomplished in the same direction by other Departments, I have 
been wonderfully impressed with the grandeur and magnitude of 
the work accomplished. Permit me to give you a few facts, by 
way of comparison, relative to this matter, as brought to my 
attention in consulting the report of the Adjutant-General, as 
submitted to the last National Encampment. Illinois, with a 
membership of 19,775, expended for charity last year $4,924, or 
about two and one-half cents per member. Kansas, the great 
soldier State, with a membership of 17,952, expended $6,097, or 
a little less than three and one-half cents per member. New 
York, with a membership of 31,377, expended $31,614 or a small 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 353 

fraction over one dollar per member. Pennsylvania, with a mem- 
- bersliipof 34,412, expended $38,031, or about ninety-six cents 
per member. Ohio, with a membership of 27,461, expended 
$10,360, or nearly thirty-eight cents per member. Mass'ichu- 
setts, tvith a viembership of 17,965, expended $38,212, or over 
ttvo dollars and twelve cents per member, or considerabbf more than 
timce per member than that of any other Department in the conntry ' 
And bear m mind, comrades, that this does not include the con- 
tributions made by Posts and individual comrades in aid of our 
Soldiers' Home. 

In considering these matters, and trying to sum up in my 
mmd the vast amount of good that must have been accomplished 
in behalf of our disabled comrades and those dependent upon 
them, by reason of this grand work of charity, on the part of the 
comrades of this Department, I can but feel like congratulating 
myself and my comrades, that we belong not only to "the Grand 
Army of the Republic, but, better still, that we are members of 
this grand old Department that we love so well. 

ROLL OF HONOR. 

During the year, 211) of our comrades have been mustered 
out, and have joined the rapidly increasing host of comrades who 
have answered the final roll-call, and are now being marshalled 
under the Supreme Commander. 

" They sleep their last sleep 
They have foiiii:lit their last battle ; 
No sound can awake them to glory again." 

Among those of our own comrades that have thus passed on, 
perhaps no one was more widely known, loved and honored than 
Comrade Thomas Plunkett of Post 10,— the armless color-ser- 
geant and hero of Fredericksburg, who died as he lived, brave 
and true to the last. It was my privilege, accompanied by several 
members of the Staff, to attend his funeral, on March 14 in 
Mechanics' Hall, Worcester, and, with a large number of com- 
rades from various parts of the Department, to pay our last tribute 
of love and respect to a brave and true soldier, a worthy comrade 
and an honored citizen. 

Outside of our own Department the silent messenger has not 
been idle, but has sought out and claimed as his victims some of 
the most loved and honored of our comrades, — some whom we 
have known and followed in other days, and whom we have 
delighted to honor in later years. The summons came and 
(Trant, the brave, true, noble-hearted and magnanimous warrior 
and statesman, '^ gathered his mantle about him and lay down to 
pleasant dreams," — brave and true in death as in life. 

23 



354 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G A.R. 

At bis fuueral, which occurred in the city of New York, and 
was one of the grandest and most imposing ever witnessed on this 
continent, our Department was represented by the Department 
Commander, Assistant Adjutant-General, with other members of 
the Stat¥ ; also, by Post 1 of New Bedford and Post 2 of this 
city, with delegations from other Posts, who faithfully represented 
the Department on that occasion, with credit to themselves and 
honor to the Department ; and for which they have my sincere 
thanks. 

And, later on, we were saddened and shocked by the sudden 
death of the old and beloved commander of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, — "Little Mac." He, our first love, and always our true 
and steadfast friend, passed on, loved and honored by those 
who knew him best, and by none more than his old comrades of 
the Army of the Potomac. These events can but remind us, my 
comrades, that time waits for no man, and that we, too, are 
growing old, and must soon pass on, to meet and greet the com- 
rades that have gone before. 

" Then you '11 meet us, old comrades, 

When over that river 
The Angel of Death 

Has carried us all; 
Then we'll all join the ranks, 

True comrades forever, 
And we '11 all answer, ' Here ! ' 

At the final roll-call." 

woman's relief corps. 

I have no words at my command, my comrades, to express 
to you my appreciation of and thanks for the grand work which 
this organization is accomplishing in our Department. Filled 
with the same loyal devotion and self-sacrificing zeal that pos- 
sessed them, their mothers and sisters, during the dark days of 
the Rebellion, they have gone out, all over this Department, as 
ministering angels, carrying sunshine and gladness into many a 
desolate home, and making glad many a sad and lonely heart. 
During the year it has been not only my duty, but also my happy 
privilege, to assist them in word and deed as far as I possibly 
could, and my only regret is that I have not been able to do more 
to aid them. And I most heartily commend them and their noble 
work to the favorable consideration of the comrades of the Depart- 
ment, and for myself, I can only say that, from my heart of 
hearts, I bid them God-speed in thq noble work in which they are 
engaged. 

MEMORIAL DAY. 

What a grand and hallowed inspiration was that which first 
suggested and gave to us a Memorial Day, a day in which we 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 355 

gather around the graves of our fallen comrades, and as a token 
of our remembrance of the grand and heroic sacrifices which they 
made for their country and for humanity, strew their graves with 
the sweetest and fairest of spring flowers. 

The reports that come from all parts of the Department 
indicate that the day was more universally and appropriatel}'^ 
observed, both by our comrades and the people generally, than 
ever before. And I have been nnich gratified to note the dispo- 
sition, not only on the part of the comrades of the Grand Army, 
but also on the part of the people generally, to discountenance 
everything that would tend to make this, to us, the most sacred 
and hallowed day in all the year, aught else but a Memorial Day ; 
and I desire here to express, in behalf of my comrades, my thanks 
to the public press in the various parts of the State, for their 
words of reproof to those who would seek to make this a day of 
revelry and sports. I most heartily commend the custom, quite 
generally adopted by the comrades of this Department, of repair- 
ing to some place of public worship on the Sabbath preceding 
Memorial Day, and there join with the people in memorial services 
suitable to the occasion, thus preparing not only ourselves but 
also the people for the more proper observance of this hallowed 
day, and I sincerely trust that this commendable custom may be 
adopted by every Post of this Department. 

SONS OF VETERANS. 

I am credibly informed b}' those in official position that this 
organization has made commendable progress in our Department 
during the past year, and I am also glad to know that the dis- 
agreements heretofore existing between the different branches of 
this organization have ceased to exist to any great extent ; that 
today they are marching under one banner, and are seeking 
to accomplish the grand objects for which they were first organ- 
ized, viz., " To aid the members of the Grand Army in caring 
for their helpless and disabled comrades, and to extend aid and 
protection to their widows and orphans." 

I am aware that many comrades in this Department are 
opposed to this organization ; but, comrades, while I am decidedly 
opposed to opening the doors of the Grand Army to any but 
those who are eligible to membership in accordance with the rules 
and regulations of the Grand Army, yet I do think that we ought 
not to forget that these are onr hoi/s, many of them just about 
the age that you and I were when the call came, and we left all, 
and went out to battle for country ; and as they read or hear 
from our lips the thrilling experiences of the past, and learn what 
their fathers suffered and sacrificed in defence of country, can 
we blame them if there comes welling up in their hearts a desire 
to do something to aid in the noble work in which their fathers 



356 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

are now engaged, and a wish to perpetuate, not only their 
memory, but the memory of their services and sacrifices after 
they shall have been laid away? 

We cannot disregard the fact, my comrades, that we are 
growing old, and that in a few years at the furthest, we must lay 
down our work, and to other hands must be committed that which 
we now seek to accomplish; and to whom, I ask, shall this work 
be intrusted rather than to our sons? So that, so far as they 
prove themselves worthy, they should receive our encouragement 
and co-operation. To them I would say, by your acts and by 
your lives prove yourselves worthy of recognition at the hands of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, so that the question shall no 
longer be, whether we can afford to recognize you, but rather, 
Can we afford to do otherwise ? 

OUR soldiers' home. 

By the report of the Board of Trustees, which has already 
been placed in your hands, it will be seen that this institution is 
in a most prosperous and flourishing condition, a fact that must 
gladden the heart of every comrade who is at all familiar with 
the noble work that is thus being accomplished. 

During the year there has been held, in this city, under the 
auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic, aided by the 
Woman's Relief Corps and other organizations, a grand carnival, 
by which means upwards of f 60, 000 was raised to aid in the 
commendable work that is thus being accomplished in behalf of 
the homeless and helpless wards of the Grand Army. 

But comrades, this is our work, and this " our Home^'' and 
will ever stand as a monument to the fidelity, loyalty and zeal of 
the comrades of this Department, to the great principles of our 
organization. I sincerely believe that, as Posts and as indi- 
viduals, we should heartily interest ourselves in this work, so that 
those who have the burden of this undertaking upon them may 
feel that they are not alone in the work of this noble enterprise. 

NATIONAL ENCAMPMENT. 

The National Encampment, held in the city of Portland, 
Me., January 23-25, was conceded by all to be the most success- 
ful and enthusiastic ever held in the history of our organization. 
In its proceedings our own Department bore an honorable and . 
conspicuous part, reflecting great credit, not only upon the nearly 
four thousand comrades themselves who participated in the pre- 
liminary exercises of the Encampment, but also upon the Depart- 
ment, which they so faithfully and honorably represented on that 
occasion, and for which they again have my heartiest thanks. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 357 

REUNION OF MASSACHUSETTS VETERANS. 

September 3 and 4 there was held at the Point of Pines (so 
called) a reunion of Massachusetts veterans, that was, in many 
respects, a grand success ; in others, to my mind at least, a sad 
failure. Pardon me, comrades, if I speak plainly upon this sub- 
ject ; and as I do so, it is with no desire to criticise or reflect 
upon any comrade, for I sincerely believe that the committee 
under whose auspices this gathering was held did everything in 
their power to malvc the occasion an enjoyable one to all who 
participated therein; and I fully realize the difficulties under 
which they labored and the embarrassments by which they were 
surrounded in making the selection of the place which they did 
for holding this reunion. I am heartily in favor of holding an 
annual reunion of Massachusetts veterans, to which we may go 
ourselves, and also take our wives, children and friends ; whe'i-e 
we may meet together and renew old acquaintances, revive old 
associations, and touch elbows again, as we did in the long ao-o. 
In fact, comrades, I believe that we do not do this half as muclfor 
often as we ought, for our own good and for the good of the 
rising generation, who cannot fail to catch the spirit and inspira- 
tion that come from such associations and such gatherings. But 
comrades, I am wholly and forever opposed to holdi'ug such 
reunions where rum flows as free as, or freer than water; where 
our comrades, leaving their homes and their loved ones, are to 
be subjected to such temptations as are connected with such 
gatherings, held under such circumstances. I believe that as an 
organization, and as veterans and comrades, we cannot afford to 
repeat this experience ; and I sincerely trust that under whatever 
auspices the next reunion may be held, it may be in such a place, 
and under such circumstances, that we may be able to put our 
foot upon this thing, and thereby demonstrate the fact that good 
and true soldiers make good and true citizens. 

DEPARTMENT HEADQUARTERS. 

Quite early in the year it came to the knowledge of the 
Department officers that the property wherein was located the 
pleasant rooms which have been used as Department Head- 
quarters for the past three years, would soon be wanted for other 
purposes, and it consequently devolved upon us to seek new 
quarters. At the third quarterly meeting of the Council of 
Administration, Senior Vice-Connnander Tobin, Assistant Adju- 
tant-General Monroe, and Comrade McDonough of the Council, 
were appointed a committee to procure rooms for Department 
Headquarters; and as a result of their faithful labors, pleasant 
and suitable rooms were secured, and Department Headquarters 
established at No, 1 Pemberton Square, nearly opposite the old 



358 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

headquarters, where for the present, at least, and I sincerely hope 
and trust for many years to come, may be found that tireless 
worker and devoted friend of the Grand Army, especially of this 
Department, the present Assistant Adjutant-General, Comrade 
A. C. Monroe, to whom this Department is under very great 
obligations for its most excellent standing among the Depart- 
ments of the nation, and to whom I am personally under great 
obligations for the kindness and courtesy with which he has always 
responded to my calls for aid in the discharge of my official 
duties as Department Commander, for which I desire here and 
now, in the presence of the comrades of this Encampment, to 
express to him my sincere thanks and appreciation. 

DEPARTMENT OFFICERS. 

I think I can safely say that no comrade who has ever held 
the honorable and responsible position of Department Commander 
was ever surrounded by a more earnest, devoted and self-sacri- 
ficing band of co-workers than it has been my good fortune to be. 
Words utterly fail to express my appreciation of their services, 
and the kind and courteous manner in which they have always 
responded to each and every call that has been made upon them ; 
for which I desire, in my own behalf and in behalf of the Depart- 
ment, in this public manner to express to them my most sincere 
thanks. 

I have neither time nor space here to speak of them and 
their faithful services individually, and do them justice ; I can 
only say that if credit is due to any one for the success and 
prosperity that has attended us as a Department during the past 
year, I desire that it should go where, in my humble judgment, 
a very large share of it justly belongs, to these comrades who, 
by their earnest and devoted labors, have contributed so much to 
bring about these results. 

PENSION LEGISLATION. 

At the last annual Encampment of this Department, the 
eight-dollar measure (so called) was very thoroughly and ably 
discussed, and the merits and demerits of this question were very 
forcibly presented by different comrades. 

As there has been some surprise manifested, and I have 
been somewhat criticised in a friendly way because of my vote 
upon that question, I trust that my comrades of this Encamp- 
ment will bear with me a little, while I endeavor briefly to give 
you my views on this very important question. 

First, let me say that I always have and do now question 
very seriously whether the time has arrived — whether it is politic 
or for the best interests of the Grand Army, or the veterans of 
the late war — to ask or demand the enactment by Congress of a 
universal service pension law, granting to every man who served 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 359 

three months or more a pension, whether disabled or not. But 
whatever may have been the doubts that have existed in my 
mind relative to the wisdom or policy of this measure, they have 
all been dispelled and scattered when I come to consider the 
other all-important question, viz.. Is the general government at 
the present time discharging its obligations and doing all that it 
ought to do for the men who risked "everything, even their lives, 
that this nation might live? and I answer emphatically, No, a 
thousand times vo ! When I realize the fact, my comrades, for 
fact it is, which cannot be disputed nor gainsaid, that thousands, 
yes, tens of thousands, of my comrades and your comrades^ 
brave men and true as ever stood in defence of country and flao-' 
who for four long and weary years, in summer's heat and winter'^s 
cold, stood as a wall of living fire between the terrible onslaughts 
of treason and rebellion an<l this nation's very life, who saved it 
and made it all that it is to-day, are now suffering in want and 
misery, going down to then- graves unthought of and uncared for 
by the government which they risked everything to save,— my 
blood leaps in my veins and my soul cries out. How long, oh, 
how long shall this people, the richest and most prosperous on all 
the face of this fair earth, suffer this thing to exist? Does any 
one present question for a moment the truth of the statement 
which I have just made? If so, my comrade, come with me, and 
I will take you, not to the slums of some city, nor to the wilds 
of some Western prairie, but to yonder hill, almost within the 
sound of my voice, and I will show you in our own Soldiers' 
Home over one hundred of these men, who but for this grand and 
noble institution would to-day be the inmates of some atmshouse, 
and many of them long ere this would have filled a pauper's 
grave. Go with me, if you will, to the Secretary of our Board 
of Trustees, Past Department Commander Evans, and let him 
tell you the number of applications that are now on file, and how 
many he is compelled to turn away every week. Why? Because 
we have no room for them ; and then remember that not one of 
these are entitled to or can receive a cent of pension ; for it is a 
rule of the Home to admit only those who cannot obtain a pension 
from the government, under the present existing laws. It is 
because I realize these facts, my comrades, that I voted in favor 
of this measure, and am ready to vote again for this or any other 
measure, that will in whole or part brbig relief to these unfor- 
tunate comrades, although it may not be, all things considered, 
such a measure as I woukl like to see adopted. 

Do you ask if I have any suggestions to make as a remedy 
for this condition of affairs? I answer, Yes, I have; and I sin- 
cerely wish that this Department, whose influence in this and all 
other kindred matters is second to none, might step to the front 
and lead off in this or some other similar measure, which, I am 
quite sure, would meet the approval of a very large majority of 



360 HISTORY DEPT, OF MASS., G.A.R. 

the veterans of the late war, and also of the great mass of the 
people, and which, I sincerely believe, would have such an influ- 
ence upon our legislators that they would speedily come to our 
rescue. 

First. I would respectfully demand of the government that 
all honorably discharged soldiers and sailors of the late war, who 
were disabled whilst in the line of duty, should be liberally pro- 
vided for, according to their disability. 

Second. I would respectfully demand that all honorably 
discharged soldiers and sailors of the late war, who have become 
disabled since the war, should be provided for, to a certain 
extent, according to their disability and the merits of their case. 
And then I would go a step farther, and respectfully insist upon a 
graded system of pensions for all honorably discharged soldiers 
and sailors of the late war after they shall have arrived at a cer- 
tain age. For instance, when a comrade shall have arrived at 
the age of fifty years, he shall receive four dollars per mouth ; at 
fifty-five years of age, he shall receive eight dollars per month ; 
at sixty years of age, he shall receive twelve dollars per month; 
at sixty-five years of age, he shall receive sixteen dollars per 
month; at seventy years of age, he shall receive twenty dollars 
per month ; and so on through life. I may not have fixed the 
apportionment just right, and have neither the time nor the space 
here to work out this system in all its details, but I think, comrades, 
you comprehend my ideas relative to this question. 

I have no sympathy with, nor do I take a particle of stock 
in, the argument so often advanced, that the government cannot 
afford to make liberal provision for its defenders and saviors ; 
that to do so would bankrupt the nation ; for I sincerely believe 
that statistics and facts which are indisputable, relative to the 
resources and wealth of this country, will show that no other 
nation on the face of the globe is so abundantly able to do this 
as is our own. 

And if it is necessary to stop the payment of the national 
debt in order that these men who have periled and sacrificed so 
much might be properly provided for, then I say, let it stop; 
for I do not believe that it is the duty of one generation to save 
and redeem a nation by the outpouring of its very life-blood, 
and then, having done this, attempt to pay all the bills at the 
expense and suffering of the men who voluntarily came to the 
nation's rescue in her hour of peril. I firmly believe that, having 
made liberal provision for the redemption of all its financial obli- 
gations as fast as they mature, it is now high time that this govern- 
ment should make liberal provision for the men who saved it, and 
gave the financial standing which it now has at home and abroad. 
Now, whilst I do not attempt to set myself up as an expert 
in the matter of pension legislation, yet I firmly believe that such 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 361 

a measure as I have indicated, or something similar to it, would 
receive the hearty endorsement of this Encampment and of the 
comrades of this Department, and would greatly influence other 
departments in the same direction ; and such a measure, I also 
believe, would receive the approbation of the great mass of the 
people. 

OTHER LEGISLATION. 

During the session of the Legislature of 1884, two important 
laws were enacted, both relating especially to the interests of our 
organization : One, authorizing any town or city to lease for a 
term of years to any Grand Army Post within its limits any pub- 
lic building or part thereof belonging to such city or town, to be 
used for Grand Army purposes. 

Another, authorizing any city or town of this Commonwealth 
to appropriate money to aid any Grand Army Post located in such 
city or town in caring for needy comrades and their families, and 
providing that the money so appropriated may be turned over to 
the Post, to be expended under its direction. 

These are measures which seem to me to be in the right 
direction, and which have already, in several instances that have 
come under my observation, resulted in material aid to some of 
the Posts of our Department ; and I desire to congratulate you, 
my comrades, upon securing the benefits that are likely to come 
to us, as an organization, as a result of those laws. Another 
measure that was before the last Legislature, and which, in my 
humble judgment, ought to have passed without a single dissent- 
ing vote, was a bill presented by our excellent Senior Vice-Com- 
mander, Comrade Tobin, and known as the " Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Exemption Bill," the provisions of which were to exempt 
honorably discharged soldiers and sailors from the civil-service 
examination, so called. 

I have neither time nor space here to enter into a discussion 
upon the merits and demerits of this question. Suffice it to say 
that I thoroughly believe in it; and if you ask me why, I answer, 
emphatically. Because I believe that it is just and right; and I 
further believe that it is an act of gross injustice to the men who 
were at the front during those years of strife and suffering, peril- 
ling tlieir lives and sacrificing their opportunities, giving to their 
countr}' the very best years of their lives onl}^ to be told, if they 
were so fortunate as to return to their homes and loved ones, that 
their opportunities were gone, and they must stand aside to make 
room for those who, during all those years and the years that 
have intervened since, have been preparing themselves to reap 
the benefits that have been secured to them by the valor and 
bravery of the men whom they now seek to thrust aside. Believ- 
ing in the justice and equity of this measure, as I sincerely do, I 



362 HISTOKY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

trust and hope that the present LegisUiture may see to it, before 
they turu their steps homeward, that this measure becomes one of 
the laws of the Commonwealth, which has always manifested such 
a deep and liberal interest in the welfare of her old soldiers 
and sailors. 

CONCLUSION. 

When, a year ago, the honorable position of Department 
Commander was conferred upon me, God and myself only know 
with what hesitancy and trembling I assumed its duties and 
responsibilities. I realized to some extent the disadvantages 
under which I must labor, in the prosecution of the work before 
me. I will briefly narrate some of them. Lack of experience in 
Grand Army matters ; distance from Department Headquarters; 
limited acquaintance with comrades, especially in the eastern part 
of the State ; and last, but not least, I realized that it was no 
small task for any comrade, be he ever so well qualified, to follow 
even afar off in the footsteps of my predecessors in this office, 
wdio by their devoted and efficient labors have contributed so 
much towards the upbuilding of this Department ; but as I 
remarked a few moments since, I firmly resolved that, to the very 
utmost of my ability, nothing should be lacking on my part to 
make the year one of prosperity, and success ; and as I hastily 
review the past this evening, I think I may congratulate both 
myself and you, my comrades, that to some extent my hopes 
have been realized, and that our beloved Department has cer- 
tainly taken no backward step during the year. I cannot express 
to you, my comrades, my appreciation of and thanks for the val- 
uable and devoted services which you have rendered both to me 
and the Department during the year. The kind, fraternal greet- 
ings and courtesies that have been extended to me by the com- 
rades all over the State have touched my heart and have made 
light and pleasant the labors of the year, the remembrance of 
which shall linger with me while life shall last, and for which, 
from the depth of my heart, they have my thanks over and over 
again. 

I earnestly bespeak for my successor, whoever he may be, 
the same loyal and devoted support and co-operation that you 
have always accorded me, to the end that our Department may 
continue to prosper and to hold the same high and honorable posi- 
tion which it now holds among the Departments of the nation. 

Finally, my comrades, let us be true to each other, true to 
ourselves, true to our beloved organization and the grand and 
noble principles which it represents ; and with an earnest desire in 
my heart that God may bless and prosper us as a Department, and 
that success and prosperity may attend my comrades as individ- 
uals, I now await the further pleasure of this Encampment. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 363 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan, 27, 1886. 
John W. Hersey, Deimrtmenl Commander. 

Comrade : In compliance with the Rules and Regulations of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, I herewith submit my annual 
report of the business transacted in this office the past year. 

Number of Posts, Dec. 31, 1884 180 

" Comrades same date 16,637 

" Posts, Dec. 31, 1885 * ' 'i82 

" Comrades reported same date 17,965 

Net gain during the year 1 328 

The net gain, by quarters, is shown by the quarterly reports 
to be as follows, viz. : — 

First quarter, ending March 31 212 

Second quarter, ending June 30 531 

Third quarter, ending Sept. 30 263 

Fourth quarter, ending Dec. 31 322 

1,328 
recapitulation. 

Number of comrades in good standing, Dec. 31, 1884 16,637 
" " gained by muster-in . . , 1,911 

" " " transfer ... 319 

" " " reinstatement . . 1,791 

Total number gained ..... 4 021 

Aggregate 20,658 

Number of comrades lost by death 219 

" " " honorable discharge . 49 

" " " transfer .... 323 

" " " suspension . . . 2,094 

" " " dishonorable discharge 8 

Total loss 2,693 

Excess of gains over losses 1 328 

I herewith present a detailed report of the changes that have 
taken place in each Post the past year. 



364 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



CONSOLIDATED REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL, 
FOR THE YEAR ENDING DEC. 31, 1885. 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman.. 

Dahlgren 

W. 11. Hartlett 

U. S. Grant. 

General Lander 

P. T. Wynian 

Chas. Russell Lowell. 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster 

C. C. Phillips 

John A. Andrew 

E. K Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. Greenleaf 

Friedrieh Hecker 

Maj. E. F. Fletcher . . . 
Joseph Hooker 

A. B. R. Sprague 

H. n. Legge 

Thos. G. Stevenson... 

Ch tries Devens 

Georite D. Wells 

F. P. H. Rogers 

William H. Smart 

George W . Perry 

Washington . . . ." 

Burbank 

Phil. H. Sheridan 

Theodore Winthrop .. 

Francis Gould 

Frazer A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Gen. H. G. Berry 

Lyon 

B. F. Butler 

John A. Kawlius 

G. Weslev Nichols 

Col. Allen 

Richard Borden 

Major How 

George S. Boutwell. . . 

A. W. Bartletl 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller. 

A. B. Randal! 

Charles 11. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings.. 

J. C. Freeman 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Reynolds 

Maj. J. A. Pratt 





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54 


376 


2 




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18 




23 


2 
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202 
161 


19 
6 


2 
4 


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21 

17 


223 
178 


3 

1 










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17 




3 


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4 

5 


58 

855 


4 

84 


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201 


5 
300 


63 
11.15 














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188 




206 


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41 


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48 


1 










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7 


307 


9C. 


4 


37 


137 


444 


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21 




32 


8 


70 


12 






12 


82 


1 






3 




4 


9 


91 


4 


2 


16 


00 


113 


1 






17 




19 


10 


574 


42 


10 


54 


106 


680 


6 




5 


68 




79 


11 


165 


42 


6 


23 


71 


236 


3 




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22 


12 


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13 


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28 


218 


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156 


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214 


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28 


14 


37 


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15 


52 




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19 


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323 


115 


16 


43 


174 


497 


6 


6 


7 


39 




57 


Ifi 


464 


50 


7 


11 


68 


.532 


3 




9 


47 




59 


17 
18 


67 
37 


19 
2 


1 


6 
25 


26 

27 


93 
64 




.... 


4 
4 






4 
29 


24 




19 


218 


19 


6 


5 


30 


248 




1 


5 


2 




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20 


24 


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114 


14 


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24 


138 




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109 


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130 












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67 


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79 






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26 
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139 
41 
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175 
49 
37 






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102 


16 


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126 






1 


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15 


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225 


34 


6 


25 


65 


290 






10 


16 




26 


31 


63 


1 




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2 


65 








1 




2 


32 


69 


14 


1 


14 


29 


98 






7 


17 




28 


33 


82 


6 


2 


6 


14 


96 






6 


4 




11 


34 


222 


30 




108 


138 


360 






3 


128 




135 


35 


400 


39 


9 


107 


1.55 


555 




i 


12 


103 




123 


sr. 


51 


4 




2 


6 


57 








1 




3 


37 


103 


6 


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4 


12 


115 






3 


8 




13 


3« 


49 


5 


4 


4 


13 


6", 




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4 


39 


331 


30 


2 




32 


363 




1 


1 


12 




20 


40 


101) 


30 


7 


4 


41 


150 






4 


4 




9 


41 


131 


17 


1 


7 


25 


l.i6 






1 






1 


42 


332 


34 


5 


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55 


387 






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167 






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46 


232 


11 




5 


16 


248 




i 


3 


20 




33 


47 


240 


15 


9 


122 


146 


386 




2 


5 


106 


3 


117 


48 


43 


8 


1 


1 


10 


53 






1 


1 




3 


49 


251 


4 


2 


3 


9 


260 






5 


7 




17 


50 
51 
52 


116 

64 

75 


5 
3 


1 

2 


49 

1 
3 


55 
3 
6 


171 
67 
81 








54 




54 
5 
5 




1 


4 


4 




53 


103 


19 


1 


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22 


125 




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54 


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56 


28 
107 


8 
9 


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20 


37 
127 


















4 


8 




13 


57 


144 


18 


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11 


30 


174 






4 


9 




16 


58 


190 






371 


371 


561 








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59 


28 










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■ 





TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



365 



CONSOLIDATED REi'OKT OF ASST. ADJT.- GENERAL— Continued. 



Name of Post. 



Franklin 

Nathaniel Lyon 

Charles Ward 

Gen. Wadsworth 

E. D. Baker 

Clara Barton 

S. C. Lawrence 

Allen 

Benj. Stone, Jr 

Josei)h P. Kice 

George A . Custer 

Kilpatrlck 

A.St. John Chambre.. 

McF^herson 

Hartsuff 

J. P. Gould 

Collinff wood 

Theron E. Hall 

David A. Russell 

Charles D. Sanford 

Arthur G. Biscoe 

Isaac B. Patten 

John Goodwin, Jr 

Joseph E. Wilder 

M. K. Stowell 

J. W. Lawton 

William L. Baker 

Gen. S. Thayer 

Paul Revere 

John H. Chipnian, Jr.. 

Ward 

E . P. Carpenter 

Francis Washburn 

Ozro Miller 

Revere 

Gen. E. W. Hinks 

Joe Johnson 

E. J. Griggs 

Henry Bryant 

Gen. Wm. F. Bartlett.. 

William B. Greene 

Charles Sumner 

Huntington F. Wolcott 

Otis Chapman 

Edwin Humphrey 

J. Orson Fi.-ke 

Otis W. Wallace 

L. L. Merrick 

Everett Peabody 

Ericsson ' 

Capt. Horace Niles 

Joseph E. Simmons 

1). Willard Robinson... 

Edward W. Kinsley 

Col.C. R. Mudge 

E.S.Clark 

D, G. Farragut 

Moses Ellis. i 

James L. Bates 

George G. Meade 

James A. Garfield 



C2 102 

63 j 139 

64 82 

65 43 

66 101 



75; 98 
76,118 

77 23 
78il35 

791 89 

80 95 

81 49 



171 
30 
31 
36 

142 

87 71 

88 84 
89:iS3 



146 
27 
57 
55 
70 
45 
28 
44 
27 
50 
70 
28 
56 
1031 64 

104 65 

105 39' 
106 1 58 
10"! 47 

108 81 

109 35 



115: 37 

116 73 

117 29 



GAIN 



13 



81 
112 
117 
167 
86 
45 
112 
46 
278 
28 
81 
146 
77 
97 
120 
118 
135 
22 
138 
115 
103 
69 
187 
32 
40 
39 
199 
76 
96 
240 
156 
30 
70 
63 
72 
67 
29 
56 
32 
54 
81 
65 
60 
77 
67 
44 
62 
52 
95 
44 
64 
37 
57 
115 
65 
41 
89 
31 
35 
38 
272 



LOSS 



W2 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



366 
CONSOLIDATED REPiJRT OF ASST. ADJT. - GENERAL, — Continued. 



Name of Post. 



Timothy Ingrahani 

E. P. Wallace 

Parker 

Justin Diinick 

W. W. Rockwell 

George E. Sayle* 

T. L. IJouney 

Gen. James Appleton. . 

Wni. II. Freeman 

James M. Sargent 

George M. Tliomas 

Charles Chipman 

Geo. H. Maintien 

Robert A. Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo.C. Marshall 

Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis 

Willard C. Kinsley 

Hul)bard V. Smith 

Frank D. Hammond. . . 

Butnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. W. Carroll 

Wm. A. Streeter 

Robert G. Shaw 

E. M. Stanton 

A. 1). Weld 

Maj. George L Stearns 

Armsirong 

Major Bovd 

O. H. P. Sargent 

Gilman C. Parker 

Martha Sever 

Marcus Keep 

James A. Perkins 

Elbridare B. Piper 

Capt. E. T. Dresser 

John A. Hawes 

Alanson Hamilton 

Woburn 

Manton E. Taft 

Gen. J G.Foster 

Francis A. Clary. 

Wm. Wadsworth 

Geo. C. Strong 

Jesse L. Reno 

Malcolm Ammidown... 

George K. Bird 

John Rogers 

Henry H. Jolinson 

G. K. Warren 

Albert S. Johnson 

Edwin E. Day 

Washburn 

Gen. Horace C. Lee 

Scott Bradley 

Myron Nichols 

Samue F. Woods 

Col. Geo. L. Prescott.. 

Galen Orr 

Cyrus M . Wheaton 



° 2 

o — 



10. 



LOSS 



a; 






^5b 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 367 

Of the one lumdred and eighty-two Posts comprising tliis 
Department, one hnndred and twenty-one have gained in mem- 
bership, twelve have the same number as one year ago, and forty- 
nine have lost in number. Post making the largest per cent in 
gain is Post 180 of Concord, it having more than doubled its 
membership. Number of rejections during the year, eighty-two. 
Two hundred and nineteen comrades have died during the year, 
— an excess over last year of twenty- four. 

Three new Posts have been mustered during the year, as fol- 
low^s : — 

Galen Orr Post No. 181 of Needham ; mustered June 5, 1885 ; 
charter members, 25. 

Cyrus M. Wheaton Post No. 182 of Somerset; mustered 
Oct. 16, 1885; charter members, 19. 

Chas. C. Smith Post No. 183 of South Hadley ; mustered 
Jan. 14, 1886; charter members, 25. 

The gain of Posts by counties is as follows : Bristol, one ; 
Hampden, one ; Norfolk, one. Total, three. 

I herewith present a tabulated report, giving in detail the 
strength of each county, number of each Post, the number of 
members in good standing Dec. 31, 1885, with date of charter. 



368 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES. 





BARNSTABLE COUNTY. 


Post 




No. 
Mems. 


Date of 
Charter 




Post 


No. Date of 
Mems. Charter. 


84, 


South Deerfield 


26, 


April 17, 


1872 


132, 


Sandwich, 51, Feb. 24, 1882 


93, 


Shelburne Falls 


62, 


.June 15, 


1869 


141, 


Harwich, 47, Mar. 15, 1882 


150, 


Montague, 


43, 


.Jan. 12, 


1883 


55, 


Proviiicetown, 37, Sept. 23, 1884 


162, 


Turners Falls, 


60, 


.Jan. 25, 


1884 




Total — Posts, 3; members, 135. 


164, 


Conway, 


24, 


April 29, 


1884 






171, 


Northfield, 


27, 


Aug. 15, 


1884 




BERKSHIRE COUNTY. 


1T4, 


Greenfield, 


81, 


Aug. 29, 


1884 



79, North Adams, 103, Mar. 20, 1869 



125, I'ittstield, 

126, Adams, 
158, Housatonie, 

177, Lee, 

178, Otis, 



205, Mar. 10, 1882 

75, June 12, 1870 

40, Aug. 23, 1863 

30, Nov. 6, 18S4 

20, Nov. 28, 1884 



Total — Posts, 6 ; members, 473. 



BRISTOL 
1, New Bedford, 
3, Taunton, 
46, Fall River, 
52, South Easton, 

145, Attleboro, 

146, New Bedford, 
170, Mansfield, 
182, Somerset, 

Total — Posts, 8 : 



COUNTY. 
253, Oct 



14, 1866 

2, 1867 

22, 1868 

29, 1868 

6, 1871 

April 27, 1881 

July 31, 1884 

Oct. 16, 1885 



Jan. 
.Jan. 
Feb. 
June 



161, 
215, 

76, 
101, 

20, 

38, 

19, 
members, 883. 



ESSEX COUNTY. 



5, 

34, 
39, 
45, 
47, 
49, 
50, 
67, 
82, 
89, 
90, 
95, 
99, 
100, 
101, 
106, 
108, 
114, 
118, 
122, 
128, 
151, 
152, 



Lynn, 
Salem, 
T^awrence, 
Gloucester, 
Haverhill, 
Newburyport, 
Peabody, 
Manchester, 
Marblehead, 
Beverly, 
Danvers, 
Saugus, 
Andover, 
Methuen, 
Groveland, 
Rockport, 
Georgetown, 
Merrimac, 
Swampscott, 
Amesbury, 
Ipswich, 
West Newbury, 
PIssex, 
Total — Posts, 23 



949, Feb. 

225, Nov. 

343, Dec. 

160, Jan. 

269, Jan. 

243, Feb. 

117, April 

46, Sept. 

179, Mar. 

155, June 

141, June 

,50, June 

52, April 

74, Feb. 

.54, July 

59, Dec. 

76, Aug. 

57, Dec. 

31, Jan. 

65, Mar. 

103, Jan. 

12, Jan. 

40, Jan. 
; members, 3, 



27, 1867 

15, 1867 
10, 1867 

21, 1868 

28, 1868 

17, i.'^es 

28, 1879 

29, 1868 

29, 1880 
5, 1869 
8, 1869 
4, 1869 

18, 1881 
1, 1877 

16, 1869 

30, 1881 
18, 1869 
20, 1869 
24, 1870 
23, 1870 

17, 1882 
10, 1874 

22, 1883 
,490. 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 
17, Orange, 89, Aug. 9, 1867 

20, Colerain, 23, March 4, 1875 



Total — Posts, 9 ; members, 435. 



HAMPDEN COUNTY. 



16, .Springfield, 
41, Westfleld, 
71, Holyoke, 
103, Chicopee, 
107, Palmer, 
155, Monson, 



463, Aug. 9, 1867 

155, Jan. 9, 1868 

112, Nov, 25, 1868 

70, Oct. 7, 1879 

47, July 18, 1881 

61, May 26, 1883 



Total — Posts, 6; members, i 



HAMPSHIRE COUNTY'. 



85, 


Ware, 


34, 


May 


12, 


1869 


86, 


Northampton, 


184, 


Aug. 


4, 


1882 


97, 


Belehertown, 


45, 


Nov. 


23, 


1872 


147, 


Amherst, 


105, 


Oct. 


31, 


1882 


166, 


East Hampton, 


70, 


.June 


17, 


1884 


176, 


Huntington, 


67, 


Oct. 


9, 


1884 




Total — Posts, 6 ; 


members, 505. 






MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 






4, 


Melrose, 


03, 


Feb. 


19, 


1867 


6, 


Holliston, 


46, 


March 8, 


1867 


9, 


Hudson, 


94, 


May 


27, 


J 867 


12, 


Wakefield, 


205, 


Aug. 


16, 


1867 


14, 


Hopkinton, 


33, 


July, 




1882 


18, 


Ashland, 


35, 


Aug. 


12, 


1867 


29, 


Waltham, 


111, 


Oct. 


21, 


1867 


30, 


Cambridgeport, 


264, 


Oct. 


23, 


1867 


33, 


Woburn, 


85, 


Nov. 


6, 


1867 


36, 


Arlington, 


54, 


May 


26, 


1881 


40, 


Maiden, 


141, 


Oct. 


1, 


1873 


42, 


Lowell, 


3.53, 


Jan. 


15, 


1868 


43, 


Marlboro, 


131, 


Jan. 


15, 


1868 


48, 


Ayer, 


50, 


Jan. 


18, 


1868 


56, 


Cambridge, 


114, 


June 


26, 


1868 


57, 


E. Cambridge, 


158, 


June 


29, 


1868 


62, 


Newton, 


104, 


July 


21, 


1868 


63, 


Natick, 


163, 


July 


23, 


1880 


66, 


Medford, 


100, 


Aug. 


21, 


1868 


75, 


Stoneham, 


101, 


Dec. 


15, 


1869 


81, 


Watertown, 


58, 


Dec. 


20, 


1871 


115, 


Groton, 


30, 


July 


.30, 


1874 


119, 


Lexington, 


37, 








120, 


Lowell, 


247, 


Oct. 


26, 


1881 


138 


Acton, 


72, 


May 


2, 


1883 


139, 


Somerville, 


65, 


Aug. 


18, 


1870 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAiMPMENT. 



369 



TABULATED REPORT BY COUNTIES - Con«n«erf. 



Post. 

142, Frainingham, 
148, Winchester, 
156, Everett, 
161, Wobiirn, 
163, S. Framinghain 
180, Concord, 

Total — Posts, 32 

NORFOLK 
58, Weymouth, 
60, Franklin, 
72, Stoughton, 

87, Braintree, 

88, Quincy, 
91, Foxboro, 
94, Canton, 
98, Cohasset, 

102, Milton, 
110, Randolph, 
117, Medfleld, 
121, Hyde Park, 
130, Medway, 
133, Plainville, 

143, Brookline, 

144, Dedham, 
157, Wali)ole, 
169, Norwood, 
181, Needham, 

Total — Posts, 19 : 



No. Date of 

Mems. Charter. 

Nov. 29, 1870 

May 

June 

Jan. 

Mar. 

Dec. 



26, 
26, 

57, 
60, 
48, 



; members, 3,186. 

COUNTY. 
20.5, July 
76, May 
60, Nov. 
68, June 
90, June 
28, June 
70, June 
30, Jan. 
59, April 
45, Oct. 

30, Jan. 
142, Mar. 

36, Mar. 

31, May 
43, Jan. 
92, May 

37, July 
36, July 
33, June 
members 



22, 1872 
14, 1883 

23, 1884 
25, 1884 
20, 1884 



2, 1808 
16, 1881 
13, 1868 

2, 1869 
4, 1869 

12, 1869 
24, 1869 
12, 1883 

3, 1879 
29, 1869 

3, 1870 

22, 1870 
18, 1882 

23, 1882 

24, 1871 
22, 1871 
21, 1883 
21, 1884 

5, 1885 
1,211. 



8 

13 

31 

73 

"4, 

76, 

78, 

83, 

104, 

111, 

112, 

124, 

127, 

154, 

165, 



PLYMOUTH 

Middleboro, 

Brockton, 

Scituate, 

Abington, 
, Rockland, 
, Plymouth, 
, So. Abington, 
, Hanover, 
, Hingham, 
, Pembroke, 
, South Scituate, 
, E. Bridgewater, 
, Hanson, 

Kingston, 
Duxbury, 
Total — Posts, 15; 



COUNTY. 

78, Mar. 
186, July 

63, July 

90, Dec. 
116, Jan. 
129, Jan. 
136, Jan. 

30, April 
62, July 

31, Oct. 
51, Nov. 

47, June 
27, June 

48, May 
48, May 
members 



10, 1867 
1, 1867 

15, 1875 
23, 1868 

11, 1869 
19, 1869 
30, 1869 
29, 1869 
29, 1869 
29, 1869 

1, 1869 
7, 1870 
11, 1870 
24, 1883 
19, 1884 
1,142. 



SUFFOLK COUNTY. 

2, South Boston, 220, Feb. 26, 1880 

7, Boston, 412, Mar. 11, 1867 

11, Charlestown, 214, April 23, 1867 

15, Boston, 440, Aug. 6, 1867 

21, Boston, 64, Feb. 22, 1881 

23, East Boston, 128, Sept. 17, 1867 



Post. 

26, Roxbury, 
32, South Boston, 
35, Chelsea, 
68, Dorchester, 
92, Brighton, 

113, Boston, 

134, Boston, 

149, Charlestown, 

159, East Boston, 
Total — Posts, 15; 



No. 


Date 


f 


Mems 


Charter. 


164, 


Oct. 


1 


1867 


70, 


Nov. 


6 


1867 


432, 


Nov. 


16, 


1867 


254, 


Oct. 


8, 


1868 


55, 


Nov. 


12. 


1873 


110, 


Dec. 


18, 


1869 


48, 


June 


29, 


1870 


40, 


Dec. 


11, 


1872 


123, 


Sept. 


7^ 


1883 



members, 2,764. 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 



24 

25 

27^ 

28, 

37, 

38, 

44, 

51, 

53, 

54, 

59, 

61, 

64, 

65, 

69, 

70, 

"V, 

80, 

96, 

105, 

109, 

116, 

123, 

129, 

131, 

135, 

136, 

137, 

140, 

153, 

160, 

167, 

168, 

172, 

173, 

175, 

179, 



Worcester, 

Fitchburg, 

Milford, 

Grafton, 

Uxbridge, 

Oxford, 

West Boylston, 

Spencer, 

Brookfield, 

Southboro, 

N. Brookfield, 

Leominster, 

Berlin, 

Sterling, 

Webster, 

Clinton, 

Warren, 

Westminster, 

Millbury, 

Holden, 

Westboro, 

Northboro, 

Upton, 

Templeton, 

Gardner, 

Athol, 

Millville, 

Leicester, 

Shrewsbury, 

Rutland, 

East Douglas, 

Athol, 

Winchendon, 

W. Brookfield, 

Whitinsville, 

Southbridge, 

Bolton, 

Sturbridge, 

Lancaster, 

Barre, 



601, 
239, 
125, 
73, 
32, 
45, 



April 
Aug. 
Sept. 
Sept. 
Sept. 
Nov. 



31, Oct. 
102, Nov. 



58, 
34, 



Nov. 
May 



40, 
26, 
.52, 
22, 
99, 



62, Feb. 
112, June 
25, June 
28, July 
99, July 
T8, Aug. 
Aug. 
Nov. 
Aug. 
Jan. 
June 
24, June 
39, July 
42, Oct. 
63, Dec. 
109, June 
30, April 
50, June 
24, Dec. 
39, July 
33, Sept. 
73, Feb. 
61, Mar. 
32, Sept. 
21, .June 
49, June 
18, Aug. 
38, Aug. 
21, Sept. 
36, Dec. 



13 
16 
19 
25, 
30, 
12, 
12, 
20, 
27, 
IT, 
28, 
13, 

3, 

21, 

17, 

21, 

9, 

3, 

19, 

18, 

28, 

15, 

11. 

30, 

1, 

25, 

21, 

30, 
1, 

21, 

22, 
C', 

18, 

18, 

27, 

18, 

26, 
5, 

11, 



1867 
1867 
1867 
1867 
1867 
1870 
1867 
1867 
1867 
1878 
, 1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1868 
1866 
1876 
1869 
1881 
1869 
1881 
1869 
1869 
1870 
1883 
1870 
1873 
1870 
1882 
1881 
1883 
1883 
1884 
1884 
1884 
1884 
1884 
1884 



Total — Posts, 40 ; members, 2,785. 



24 



370 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

There have been issued, during the year, fifteen General 
Orders, one hundred and three Special Orders, and three Cir- 
culars. 

There has been expended for relief, during the past year, 
$38,212.56, as follows: First quarter, $11,572.04; second quar- 
ter, $9,717.50; third quarter, $7,084.84; fourth quarter, 
$9,838.18. 

In closing, 1 return my thanks to the Department Commander 
for his uniform kindness, and to the Department officers, official 
Staff, and the officers and comrades of the various Posts, for their 
courtesy in my official relations with them. 
I have the honor to be. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

A. C. MONROE, 
Assistant Adjutant- General . 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. , 
Boston, Jan. 27, 1886. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade: I hereby submit my report of the operations of 
this office during the past year. 

The following tables, sustained by complete vouchers, con- 
tain a full statement of the receipts and expenditures : - 

RECKIPTS. 

1885. Dr. 

Cash on baud as per last report $2,835 62 

Received for dues first quarter, 1885 

" " second quarter, 1885 .... 1,303 90 

" " tlih-d quarter, 1885 .... 1,386 12 

fourth quarter, 1885 .... 1,40872 

'« " books and blanks 333 81 

" " bad.i-es 1,309 80 

" " sundries 174 04 

$8,752 07 

EXPENDITURES, 

1885. Cr. 

Paid National Headquarters, supplies .... ^1,094 54 

" " dues 518 72 

" rent and care of office 426 97 

" salaries '. . 1,191 63 

" printing, books, blanks etc 893 32 

" Tremont Temple for Convention .... 20 00 

Carried forward $4,145 18 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



371 



Brought fornmrd $4,145 18 

Paid sundries (postals, postage, telegrams, clerk 

hire, office expense) 

organizing new Posts . ', 

Department Commander, travelling expenses 
Headquarters at Portland . . 

C 0. Eaton, painting flags 

painting rooms, signs, moving and fitting 
up new headquarters ...'..'. 

Total expenditures 

Balance to new account 

Vouchers cover the expenses. 



424 55 




8 27 




130 45 




42 75 




22 15 




125 27 






$4,898 62 




$3,853 45 



Supplementary Report from Jan. 1 to Jan, 27, 1876. 

receipts. 
1886. X»r. 

Cash on hand as per last report $3 853 45 

Received for dues " . ^'424 92 

" " books and blanks 

" " badges 

" " sundries 



69 63 

108 60 

44 38 



Total receipts 



EXPENDITURES. 

1886. (Jr. 

Paid National Headquarters, supplies . . 

" " dues 

" rent and care of office . 

" salaries ] 

•' printing, books and blanks ..... 

" inspections _ 3g(J 9 

" sundries (postage, express, clerk hire, office 

expenses) 158 48 



151 50 

179 65 

32 00 

108 33 

86 67 



Balance to new account 



assets. 

Cash on hand .^4 394 4^ 

value of supplies on hand 371 25 

Office furniture ' 4J3 ^q 

Colors 30 00 

Due from Posts for supplies 12 10 

Total 



NO LIABILITIES. 



$5,500 98 



1,106 5« 
1,394 40 



85,221 25 



With many thanks to the Department Commander and officers 
of the Staff, 

I am yours in F., C. and L., 

W. W. SCOTT, 
Assistant Quartermaster- General. 



372 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



REPORT OF INSPECTOR. 

Headquarters Dept. ov Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jau. 28, 1886. 

A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- G enteral. 

Comrade : I have the honor to submit the following as the 
report of my Department, for the year ending Sept. 30, 1885 : — 

One Post was organized by me previous to that time, 181, 
Needham. Since September 30, two more, 182 of Somerset and 
183 of South Hadley, have been formed and are in good condi- 
tion. I have attended the inspections of several Posts, have 
installed the officers of two Posts, and with other members of the 
Staff and Council, have attended two Department courts-martial, 
each occupying much time. 

I have had the honor of accompanying the Commander upon 
both occasions when the Department paraded outside the State, 
and have also with him attended several camp-fires. 

Kealizing at the beginning of the year that very little increase 
could be expected from the formation of new Posts, I endeavored 
at the meeting held in April to impress upon the minds of the 
Assistant Inspectors the duty of urging upon the various Posts 
the necessity of increasing their membership, both by reinstate- 
ment and by muster-in of new members. 

The report annexed will show that the growth of this Depart- 
ment has been most gratifying. By way of contrast, I present 
the reports of the two years, 1884 and 1885. 

My report includes returns from 181 Posts in 1885, as con- 
trasted with 175 in 1884. 

1884. 1885. Gain. 

Number of comrades in good standing, 16,206 17,647 1,441 
" Posts where the ritual is mem- 
orized 114 129 15 

" Posts where the work is prop- 
erly performed .... 112 126 14 
" Posts where the members are 

uniformed 140 162 22 

Full uniform (hat or cap, blouse, pants and belt) 30 

Hat, blouse and belt 54 

Hat and blouse, or hat and belt 78 

Number of Posts where officers wear rank 

badges ...... 149 171 22 

" Posts where side-arms are 

owned by Posts .... Ill 129 18 



1S!<4. 


I8sr,. 


Gain. 


143 


ir>G 


Vi 


117 


1 r,r, 


r.i 


1 (;:] 


IGS 





HCu] 


.S2G 


ol 


IM('> 


4 GO loss 84 


u;9 


ITS <r 


:iiii !» 



TWKNTIETIl AXNTAL K\CA:\n'.M KNT. 373 

Niini))er of Posts where guards are armed, 

" Posts where badge is pre- 
sented 

" Posts where officers are reg- 
ular 

" inembers suspended 

" iiieuibeis dropped .... 

" Posts wl'ere records are prop- 
erly kept 1G9 

1884. 1SS5. 

Amount of Post Funds, S3G,.S45. 13 S41,!li)0.3G gain *r>, 145.23 
" Relief Funds, 120,, )G9. 43 113,381.51 loss 7,187.92 

issf). 1884. Gain. 

NuMd)er of Posts having Relief Funds .151 135 16 

'^ " " other propert}' . 144 96 48 

1884. 188.i. Gain. 

Amount of other property , $90,009.94 S97,974.G3 $7,964.G9 

To this should be added a sum not less than S30,000, wliieh 
has been transferred to building associations. 

1884 1885. Loss. 

Number of Posts paying regular benefits, 32 31 1 

1884. 188.5. Gain. 

Expended for charity 

to September 30 . . §35,793.31 830,770.03 S976. 42 

Comrades. Not Comrades. 

Dispensed as follows, 1884 . . . . 1,234 927 

" " 1885 .... 1,543 896 

Excellent. Good. Fair. Poor. 

Relative standing, 1884 ... 53 83 24 15 

" " 1885 ... 71 84 IG 10 



374 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 



Name of Post. 



Wm. Logan Rodman 

Dalilgren 

W. H. P>artlett 

U. S. Grant 

General Lander 

P. T. VVyman 

Chas. Riispell Lowell 

E. W. Pierce 

Reno 

George H. Ward 

Abraham Lincoln 

H. M. Warren 

Fletcher Webster — 

(;. C. Phillips 

.loUn A. Andrew 

K. Iv. Wilcox 

General Sedgwick 

Col. Prescott 

Edwin V. Sumner 

H. S. (Treenleaf 

F'nedrich HecUer. . . , 
Maj. K. F. Fletcher 
Josepli Hooker 

A. I{. R. Sprague.. . 

II. H. I>egge 

Thos. G. Stevenson . 

Chas. Uevens , 

Geo. n. Wells 

F. P. H. Roger.s 

Wm. H. Smart 

Geo. W. Perry 

Washini?ton '. 

Rurljank 

Phil. II. Sheridan... 
Theodore Winthrop 

Francis Gould 

F. A. Stearns 

Dexter 

Needham 

Gen. H. G. Berry.... 
Lyon 

B. F. Bntler 

John A. Rawlins 

ft. Wesley Nichols.. 

Col. Allcii 

Richard Borden 

INIajor Howe 

Geo. .S. Boiitwell 

A. \V. Bartleit 

Union 

Ezra Batcheller 

A. B. Randall 

Chas. H. Stevens 

Capt. C. S. Hastings 

I. U. Paull 

Charles Beck 

P. Stearns Davis 

Revnolds 

Ma.i. .1. A. Pratt.... 
Franklin 









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Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 



Of wlKit does the 
murorni coii.sisl? 



Yes 

Ves I 
Yes 
Yes 

x'o 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 
Yes, 
Ves; 
Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
Xo 

Yes 

Yes 
'A 

Yes 
V.s 
Yes 
No 
Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Ves 
Vet* 
Yes 
Yes 
Ves 
Ye.- 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Ye- 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
No 



Full T'niform 
FullUnif.,Side'ms 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Blouse 
Full LTniform 

F'ull Unif , .side'ms 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Belt 
Full I niform 
Helmet, BIse., Belt 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Cap, Blouse, Pants 
Cord, Wreath, Belt 
Cap, Blouse, Belt 
Cap, Blouse, Pants 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Cord, "Wreath, Belt 
Hat, Belt 
Cap, Blouse 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Cord, Wreath, Belt 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Cord, Wreath, Belt 



Hat, Blouse, Pants 

Hat 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Full TTniform 

Full Uniform 

Cap, Blouse, Belt 



Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouf-e, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse 

Full Uniform 

Cap, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Helmet, Blouse, Belt, Sw'd 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Cap, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouse 

Hat. Belt 

Hat, P.elt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Cap, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouse 

Full Uniform 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 



Eg 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yesl 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

^ es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 
Yes 
Ves 
Yes 
Ve 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
No 
Yes 
Ves 
Xo 
Yes 
Ves 
Yes 
Xo 
Yes 
No 
Yes 
No 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
vo 
Yes 
Xo 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Ye- 
Ves 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 
Y'es 
No 
Yes 
\''esjYes 
Y'es Yes 
Yes Yes 
Yes Y'es 
Yes Ye 
No No 
Yes Y'es 
I 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Ye 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ye- 

Ye 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Xo 

Ye 

Yes 

Ves 

Yet 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

'^ es 

Yes 

No 

"\es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y<s 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Xo 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 



o r I ^ ?^ 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ye 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Y 

Yes 

Yes 

Ye- 

Ves 

Yes 

^ es 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 



45 
60 
20 
22 

200 
15 
81 
25 
21 
89 
50 
40 
40 
10 

115 
SO 
24 
11 
51 
12 
is 

32 
38 
22 
14 
46 
IS 
15 
20 



hO 
23 
49 
105 
19 
40 
18 
44 
45 
40 

40 
15 
35 
35 
50 
22 
27 
30 
16 
25 
28 
15 
20 
26 
30 
50 
10 
25 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



375 



Massachusetts G.A.R., for Quarter Ending Sept. 30, i885. 



S2 



$3 00 

5 OOj 

1 no 

2 00 

6 00 

3 00 
3 50 
3 50 

2 00 

3 50 
5 00 
3 00, 
3 50 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 no 

00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 60 

2 00 

1 00 

3 00 

1 00 

2 no 

2 GO 

3 00 
5 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 

2 no 

1 50 

1 60 

3 00 
2 

2 on 

4 00 
2 50 
2 65 
3 

2 on 

4 OOi 

3 00 

4 00 

4 on 

2 00 
1 70 

3 60 
1 00 



1 00 


4 00 


2 no 


15 00 


2 DO 


2 75 



.f 4 00 
3 00 

2 60 

3 00 
3 00 
3 00 
3 00 

3 00 

4 00 

2 00 

3 on 

3 00 
3 00 

3 00 

4 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 

2 00 

3 00 

3 00 

4 00 
2 00 

60 
4 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

4 00 

2 00 

3 00 

4 00 

3 no 

4 00 
4 00 
1 50 

1 00 

2 no 

4 00 

1 50 
4 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 

6 on 

4 00 

2 no 

2 00 

4 no 

2 on 
2 no 

2 00 

1 00 

2 32 
4 00 
4 00 

4 no 

1 20 

2 00 



$174 87 

52 52 

53 80 
68 05 

345 72 

424 03 

217 45 

67 58 

215 62 

• 255 85 

2,954 08 

70 91 

76 55 

120 00 

152 60 

2,453 74 

21 11 

474 85 

4,068 99 

63 83 

81 90 

214 61 

24 94 
134 31 

15 09 

141 76 

33 71 

18 24 

173 60 

1,201 64 

241 70 

26 90 

32 18 

93 05 

936 11 

4 10 

133 63 

306 00 

231 87 

20 41 

15 59 

1,948 15 

74 00 

15 54 

622 59 

293 75 

5,095 48 

26 17 

200 57 

25 00 
371 74 
379 55 
167 52 

51 45 

1 38 

49 85 

456 37 

338 84 

45 58 

46 



.«800 07 
954 46 

1,616 15 
609 47 

5,225 31 
43 45 

1,190 51 
636 44 
575 04 
348 92 



723 80 

400 00 

323 53 

18 13 

1,729 56 
257 80 
554 50 

3,238 17 
117 72 
657 87 
3-3 49 

3,651 22 

16 35 

208 60 

149 42 

39 57 

110 00 

2,022 91 
868 26 

3,122 21 

137 no 

392 12 
914 15 



1,100 24 
498 48 
300 00 
253 03 
851 05 
243 02 

1,598 81 

3,338 38 
154 04 

1,524 08 



505 20 
8 22 
723 91 
114 57 
305 64 
118 70 
277 55 



638 49 

1,801 22 

11,594 64 

389 57 

420 00 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'^es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



1,150 02 
218 50 



1,500 00 

5,207 96 

500 00 



3,704 95 
374 58 
555 00 

1,500 00 

250 no 
1,000 no 

1,574 5n 

5 no 

700 on 

4,nnn on 

90 on 

175 00 

son 00 



100 00 
100 00 
260 71 
86 52 
400 00 

3on 00 

1,050 00 

1,120 00 

275 00 

800 00 

778 41 

1,600 00 



1,300 00 

200 00 

1,500 no 

1,600 00 

100 00 

2,000 nn 
6on on 

125 00 

1,399 87 

500 00 



225 00 

10,000 no 

800 00 
834 40 
154 00 
600 00 

000 on 



1,500 00 

600 00 

500 00 

50 00 

50 00 





^ 




a 






■2 X 


a 












P 










? = 


o 


■g ■" 












0) c 




< 


'^ 



5 00 



3 00 



Yes $2 00 
No 

No 

No 

Yes 4 00 

No I 

No i 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No j 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Y'es 

Y'^es 

No 

No 

Y^es 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

Ves 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 



3 00 
3 00 



1 00 
3 00 



6 00 
3 00 



2 00 
5 00 



3 00 
3 00 



$2f0 00 
276 86 
503 85 

85 88 
5,673 96 
246 52 
474 64 
131 29 
275 00 
1,174 74 
110 17 
739 95 
250 00 

47 90 
335 00 
222 93 

42 00 

17 27 
658 65 

40 00 
137 00 
155 00 
434 75 

38 50 
178 66 
312 25 

50 00 



222 00 
296 90 
151 53 
128 00 
123 58 
778 41 
491 51 
232 15 
383 24 

51 66 
971 00 
229 49 
130 75 
1,579 63 
284 00 

85 25 
154 50 
600 00 
732 47 

75 25 
666 75 
572 60 
, 10 00 
150 56 
160 47 

15 00 

5 00 

241 31 

321 05 

862 04 

24 00 

32 50 



S = 



15 

6 
21 

1 
264 

6 
42 
12 

9 
81 

3 
33 
10 

2 
60 
10 

3 

2 

16 
4 
3 



10 

26 

5 

12 

5 

8 

36 

5 

9 

5 

78 

11 

10 

23 

5 

1 

8 

15 

42 

2 

30 

14 

1 

6 

7 

1 

1 

14 



E f: 



10 
12 
37 

4 
42 

8 

1 

6 
None 



22 

4 

1 

8 
19 

3 

1 

14 

None 

None 

5 

9 

2 

1 
14 

2 

None 

26 

3 

1 

6 

1 



1 

14 

3 

61 

29 

3 

19 

5 

None 

1 

None 

20 

2 

6 

10 

None 

7 

None 

None 

None 

3 

8 

8 

None 

5 



Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Fair 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

(rood 

Excellent 
Fail- 
Fair 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
(iood 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
Good 
Excellent 
(iood 
Good 
G->od 
(iood 
Excellent 
Excellent 
Good 
Good 
Good 



376 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Annual Report of the Inspector of the Department of 







a » 

1 i^^ 


1 £■ 

5 3 

'^ o 




XI 


Of what does the 






S 

s 


S & 




S S £ 


a 


Name of Post. 


o 


S oC 

S MO 


S xi 
'^ S 

01 g 

~ o 


4i 




unilorm consist ? 


1 2 

2 0- 


Is 

r, 5 


3 O, 
2 cr 

?! S 


3 

^■=% 

d « S 


1^ 


-si 

to C 

— "5 « 
.= .So, 


03 c 




kt, 


Z 


^ 


" 


< 




p 


« 


< 


3 


<; 


^ 


w 


Nathaniel Lvon 


fil 


99 


Yes 


Yes 


Y"es 


Hat, Blouse, Belt 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


23 


1 


Chas. Ward 


62 


108 Yes 


Ves 
V^es 


Ves 
Yes 


Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Cap, Blouse, Belt 


Ves 
Yes 


Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


35 

50 




Gen. Watlsworth 


156 


Y^es 


1 


E. U. Baker 


64 
65 
66 


77 
42 
101 


No 
No 
Yes 


No 
No 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 

No 


Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


Ves 
Yes 

Yes 


Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 


No 
No 
Yes 


Yes 

Y'es 
Yes 


20 
13 
30 


4 




5 


S. C Lawrence 


4 


Allen 


67 

68 


46 
245 


Ves 

Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


No 
Yes 




Ves 
Yes 


Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


18 
80 




Benj. Stone, Jr 


Full Uniform 


10 


J.P.Rice 


69 

70 


27 

47 


No 
Yes 


No 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


Hat, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


No 

Yes 


No |No 
Yes Yes 


No 
Y^es 


Yes 

Ves 


14 

IS 


1 


Geo. A. Custer 


16 




71 

72 


132 

64 


Yes 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


Cap, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


Ves 

Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


Yes 
Y'es 


Ves 

Yes 


34 
25 


18 


A. St. John Chambre. 


1 




73 

74 


93 
116 


No 

No 


No 
No 


Ves 

Yes 


Hat 

Cap, Blouse, Pants 


Ves 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


No 

No 


Ves 

Yes 


15 

25 


2 


HartsufE 


None 


J. P. Gould 


7.1 
76 

77 
78 


98 
1-22 

22 


Yes 
Yts 

No 


Yes Yes 
Ves Yes 


Hat, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


Ves 
Yes 

Yes 


Ves 
Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
Yes 

No 


Ves 
Yes 

No 


35 1 




38 None 


TheronE. Hall 

David A. Russell 


12 J None 


135 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Belt 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


25 i 1 


Chas. D. Sanford 


79 


97 


Ves 


Ves Yes 


Full Uniform 


Ves 


Ves 


Ves 


Y'es 


Y'es 


25 None 


Arthur G. Biscoe 


SO 


99 


Ves 


Yes Y^es 


Hat, Belt 


Yes Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


2S ! 1 


Isaac B. Patten 


81 


5i 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Blouse 


Yes 1 No 


Ves 


Y'es 


Yes 


17 1 7 


John Goodwin, Jr 


S-2 


184 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Blouse 


Yes Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


48 , 2 


J. E. Wilder 


83 

84 
85 
86 
87 


30 
28 
.36 

181 
72 


No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 


No lYes 
No iYes 
No iYes 
Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 


Hat, Blouse 

Hat 

lap. Blouse, Belt 

Cap, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 


No Ves 
Yes No 


Ves 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 


No 
Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 


Ves 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 


12 1 3 


M E. Stowell 


14 i 




No 

Yes 

Yes 


No 

Yes 

Yes 


11 
40 
22 


1 


W. L Baker 


None 


Gen. Svlvauus Thayer 


None 


Paul Revere 


SS 


92 


Ve.^ 


Yes Y'^es 


Helmet, Blouse, Belt 


Ves 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


2,5 


2 


J. H. Chipman, Jr 


S!) 


165 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Full Uniform 


Ves 


Y'^es 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


27 


16 


Ward 


90 
91 


140 

28 


Ves 

No 


Yes Yes 

No iYes 


Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 


Ves 

Yes 


Ves 
No 


Ves 

Yes 


Yes 

No 


Yes 
Yes 


35 


None 


E. P. Carpenter 


15 IxNone 


Francis Washburn — 


92 


49 


Yes 


Y'es Yes 


Hat, Blouse 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


24 


None 




93 
94 


62 
70 


Yes Yes Yes 


Hat, Blouse 
Cap, Bloufe 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 

Yes 


Yes 

No 


Ves 
Y'es 


15 
15 


Noiie 


Revere 


No 


No lY'es 


Yes Yes 




Gen. E. W. Hincks... 


95 


52 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Full Uniform 


Yes i Yes 


Ves 


Y"es 


Yes 


25 


7 


Joe Johnson 


96 


27 


Yes 


No IYes 


Hat, Belt 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


12 


1 




97 

98 


46 
30 


Yes 
Ye.-^ 


Yes Yes 
Y'e^ Yes 


Ca)., Belt 
Hat, l'.elt 


Ves 

Yes 


No 
Yes 


Ves 
Yes 


No 
Yes 


Ves 

Yes 


15 
13 


3 


Heiirv F. Brvant 


None 


Gen. W. F.Bartlett... 


99 


52 


Yes 


Ves Y'es 


Hat, Belt 


Ves 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


17 


1 


William B. Greene.. 


100 


71 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Full Uniform 


Ves 


Ves 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


16 


1 


Charles Sumner 


101 


49 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Belt 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


15 


2 


H. F. Wolcott 


in.' 


59 


Yes 


Yes Yes 


Cap, Blouse 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


20 


None 


Otis Chapman 


103 


()9 |Yes 


Yes Yes 


Full Unifoim 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


30 


o 


Kdwin Humphie\ 


104 


64 Yt^S 


Yes Yes 


Full Unilorm 


Ves 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


25 


None 


J. Oison Fiske 


105 


38 ,Yes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Belt 


Yes No 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


16 


3 


O. W. Wallace 


106 


61 No 


No Yes 


Hat, Blouse, Belt 


Y''es 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


15 


1 




107 
108 


46 INo 
75 iYes 


No Yes 
Yes Yes 


Full Uniform 
Hat, Belt 


Yes 
Yes 


Ves 
No 


No 
Yes 


No 
Yes 


Yes 
Y es 


15 
20 


None 


Everett Peabodv 


4 




109 
110 


42 No 
46 I Yes 


No jYes 
Yes Y'es 


Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


V'es 

Yes 


No 
Yes 


No 
Yes 


No 
No 


Yes 
Yes 


15 
22 


None 


Cajit. Horace Niles — 


11 


J. E. Simmons 


111 


31 Yes 


Yes Yes 


IJelt 


No iNo 


No 


No 


Ves 


11 


None 


D. Willard Robinson.. 


112 


,00 jYes 


V*es Y^es 


Blouse, Belt 


Yes Yes 


Ves 


No 


Yes 


20 


2 


E. W. Kinsley 


113 


110 lYes 


Yes Yes 


Hat, Belt 


Yes Yes 


Ves 


No 


Ves 


32 


1 


Col. C. R. Mudge 


114 


.57 No 


No 


Yes 


Full Uniform 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


No 


No 


20 


3 


E. S. Clark 


115 
116 


28 No 
70 No 


No 
No 


Yes 
Yes 


Hat, Belt 
Hat, Belt 


No 
Y^es 


No 
Yes 


No 
Yes 


No 
No 


No 
No 


11 

15 


9 


D. G. Farragut 


8 


Moses Ellis 


117 

lis 


30 iNo 
32 Yes 


No 


Yes 


Full Uniform 
Full rniform 


Ves 
Yes 


Ves 
No 


Ves 
No 


Yes 
Yes 


Yes 
Y'es 


15 
13 


None 


James L. Bates 


Yes Y'es 


None 


George G. Meade 


119 


37 Yes 


Yesi Yes 


Hat, Belt 


No 


No 


V es 


Yes 


Y'es 


15 


None 


James A . Garfleld 


120 


233 Yes 


\'es Yes 


Full Uniform 


ies 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


44 


8 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



377 



Mass. G.A.R., for Quarter Ending Sept. 30, 1885 — Continued. 



1 

None i 

None ; 

13 



as 



S2 (0 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
1 

4 00 

1 00 

2 60 
2 00 
2 00 

2 60 

3 75 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 60 

5 00 

2 00 
5 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 
2 75 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

5 no: 

3 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 60 
2 50 

4 00 



. 


C3 


^ 




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= cS 


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<l 


S2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


3 00 


4 00 


1 00 


2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


50 


2 00 


4 00 


2 00 


4 00 


3 00 


2 00 


1 00 


2 00 


2 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


2 32 


4 00 


2 00 


3 00 


2 00 


1 00 


2 00 


3 00 


3 00 


2 00 


3 32 


3 00 


3 00 


3 00 


2 00 


3 00 


2 00 


2 00 


1 00 


4 00 


2 00 


2 00 


6 00 


4 40 


2 00 


2 00 


2 00 


1 33 


2 00 


4 00 



$40 78 
40 00 

112 56 
49 30 
26 96 
25 91 
89 38 

922 00 
70 01 

146 54 
22 73 

126 00 

11 91 
13 39 
38 92 

263 55 
18 10 
48 60 

481 12 
;34 57 

387 03 

233 47 
32 39 
15 12 

110 45 
30 29 

200 00 
20 00 

132 61 

2,555 00 

40 41 

103 08 

541 51 

12 08 
160 21 

20 36 



53 71 

692 38 

68 54 

1 46 

43 29 

13 81 

6 83 

137 22 

127 13 

22 77 

61 4(i 

142 80 

21 14 

26 50 

71 10 

1,111 97 

90 36 

145 35 

227 31 

11 66 

100 96 

302 24 



$1,888 89 
1,460 86 

32 89 
1,062 97 

102 54 
577 68 
816 32 
403 44 

33 44 
124 19 

1,002 99 

663 CO 

26 31 

1,400 00 
543 75 

1,745 11 
242 22 
453 97 



2,158 02 
73 14 
100 00 
468 48 
196 00 
237 05 

2,873 06 



2,668 49 
1,313 26 



25 33 
336 60 



724 97 
490 32 
28 41 
60 50 
600 00 
461 28 



186 69 
425 04 
400 00 
240 07 
381 29 



651 02 

240 25 

854 47 

59 69 

397 54 

4,323 60 

348 00 

1 44 

1,299 02 

476 56 

44 01 

700 04 

4,051 92 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 



$500 00 

1,000 00 

1,199 36 

600 00 

565 00 

700 00 



1,436 00 



500 00 

355 00 

2,365 00 

1,300 00 

1,500 00 

500 00 



400 00 
600 00 



550 00 
700 00 
25 00 



256 45 



1,000 00 
600 00 
801 00 
500 00 
200 00 
200 00 
700 00 
383 60 
250 00 



300 00 

108 00 

1,C00 00 

2,000 00 

700 00 

30O 00 

100 00 

400 00 

100 00 

135 75 

130 38 

300 00 

75 00 

50 00 

70 00 

200 00 



1,167 


2i 


25 


00 


■ 662 


35 





149 04 
1,500 00 



No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 



$3 00 



3 00 



3 00 
3 00 



4 00 



4 00 



4 00 



$204 90 

215 36 

113 30 

254 14 

5 22 

68 25 

111 92 

714 25 

2 25 

13 68 
208 96 
504 90 

90 93 
478 00 
204 01 
254 21 

24 06 
224 35 
230 15 

95 04 
433 40 
300 00 

53 00 

32 63 

21 00 
603 23 
167 25 
423 45 
860 66 
625 96 

20 65 

90 00 
171 00 
133 00 
101 25 
1 00 

29 00 



45 39 

23 07 

58 50 

9 43 

37 50 

38 50 
29 00 
83 75 
27 50 
69 39 



79 00 



71 00 

271 81 

82 00 



173 75 



15 00 
25 50 
732 37 



S5 



10 

4 
11 
25 

3 

5 

1 

37 

11 

None 

4 
11 

2 

10 
12 

6 
None 

9 

5 

5 

5 
62 

3 

1 

1 
10 
14 
17 
11 
23 
None 

2 

1 

3 

6 

1 

4 



Is- 



None 
2 
3 



3 
8 
5 
5 
1 
None 
2 
4 
2 
4 
6 
13 
5 
3 
4 
5 



8 
14 
5 
5 
1 
1 
None 

4 
10 

9 

8 
11 

5 

1 
None 
None 
None 





2 
None 

1 

1 
None 

7 

1 

4 
18 



None 
12 
3 



None 



Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Good 

flood 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Fair 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Poor 

Fair 

Poor 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Fair 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Fair 

Excellent 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Ciood 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Fair 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Poor 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 



378 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 



Name of Post. 



Of what does the 
uniform consist? 



0) 




t3 






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a 














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■c »• 


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■^■B 








o O- 


n B 


t. B 


a 


M 


•ri 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


\'es 


Yes 


No 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y^es 


Ves 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


No 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


Y'es 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


No 


Yes 


Ves 


No 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y^es 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


Y^es 


Yes 


Ves 


Y'es 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


■^'es 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


No 


Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


Y^es 


Ver- 


Ves 


Y'es 


ves 


No 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


Ves 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Ves 


^■es 


Ves 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Ves 


Yes 


Ves 


\'es 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es 


Yes 


No 


No 


Ves 


No 


Y'es 


Yes 


V'es 


Yes 


Yes 


No 


No 


Yes 


No 


Yes 


Yes 


Y'es Y'es 


Yes 


Yes 


Yes 



■as 



0) = -= s i£ 



Timothy Ingraham... 

E. 1'. Wallace 

Parker 

Justin Dimick 

W. \V. Rockwell 

George K. Sayles 

T. L. Bonney 

Gen. James Appleton. 
William II. Freeman. 

James II. Sargent 

George H. Thomas 

Charles Chiijman 

George H. Maintien.. 

Robert A. Bell 

E. A. Andrews 

Geo. C. Marshall 

Samuel Sibley 

Isaac Davis.. 

Willard C. Kinslev — 
Hubbard V. Smith... 
Frank D. Hammond. . 

Burnside 

C. L. Chandler 

Chas. \V. Carroll 

Wra. A. Streeter 

Robert G. Shaw 

E. M . Stanton 

A.D.Weld 

Maj. G. L. Stearns 

Annstronj? 

Major Boyd 

O. H.P. Sargent 

Gilman C. Parker 

Martha Sever 

Marcus Keep 

James A. Perkins 

Ell)ridge D. Piper 

E. S. Dresser 

John A. Hayes 

Alanson Hamilton. . . . 

Woburn 

MantonE.Taft 

Gen. J. G. Foster 

Francis A. Clary 

Wm. Wadsworth 

Geo. C. Strong 

Jesse L. Reno 

Malcolm Ammidown.. 

(ieorge K. Bird 

Jolin Rogers 

Henry H. Johnson 

G. K. W^arren 

Albert S. Johnson 

Edwin E. Day 

Washburn 

Gen. Horace C. Lee. . . 

Scott Bradley 

Myron Nichols 

Samuel F. Woods 

Col . Geo. L. Prescott . . 
Galen Orr 



144 
62 

108 
47 

203 
73 
31 
98 
29 
33 
49 
46 
27 
44 
23 
39 
20 
71 
64 
87 
47 
25 
42 
92 

101 
20 

lO.T 

26 
40 
44 

12 
.'i9 
l!3 
51 
01 
.Vi 
36 
43 
112 
32 
61 
1)8 
45 
23 
48 
06 
23 
45 
35 
35 
24 
19 
39 
81 
24 
65 
32 
18 
36 



Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 
Yes Y'es 
Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 
No No 
Yes Yes 
Yes Yes 
No jNo 
YesiYes 
No I No 
Yes Yes 
No I No 
Y'es Yes 
No [No 
Yes' Yes 
Yes' Yes 
No No 
Yes Yes 
Yes' Y'es 
No No 
No No 
Yes; Yes 
Yes Yes 
No [No 
No 'No 
No No 



Yes 

No 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes 
No' 
Yes 
Yes 
Yes 



Yes! Yes 
No I No 
Yes I Yes 
Ves! Yes 
Yes Y'es 
Yes Yes 
No No 
Yes I Yes 
Yes Y'es 
Y'es Yes 
Yes Yes 
No No 
Y'es Yes 
No ; No 
Yes Yes 
No I No 
Yes Y'es 
No No 
No No 
Yes I Yes 
Yes No 
YesA'es 
No No 
Yes' Yes 
No No 
Yes Yes 
No No 
No I No 



Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Ye.s 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Hat, Blouse, Belt 



Full Uniform 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Full Uniform 
Cap, Blouse, Pants 



Hat, Blouse, Belt 



Hat, Belt 

Full Uniform 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Pants 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 



Full Uniform 
Hat, Belt 



Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 



Hat 



Hat, 
Hat, 
Full 
Hat, 
Cap, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Full 
Cap, 
Hat, 
Hat, 
Full 
Hat, 
Hat, 



Blouse 

Blouse, Pants 

Uniform 

Belt 

Blouse, Belt 

Belt 

Blouse, Belt 

Blouse, Belt 

Belt 

Uniform 

Blouse, Belt 

Belt 

ISelt 

Uniform 

Belt 

Belt 



Cap, Blouse, Belt 



Cap, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Hat, Blouse, Belt 
Full Uniform 
Hat 

Cap, Belt 
Full Uniform 
Cord. Wreath, Belt 
Full Uniform 
Caj), Blouse, Pants 



Hat, Belt 

Hat, Blouse, Belt 

Hat, Belt 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'fS 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 



Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes I 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Y'es 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Yes 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



379 



Mass. G.A.R., for Quarter Ending Sept. 30, I880 — Continued. 



$■2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

no 
:{ 60 
2 70 

1 (W 

2 00 
•.' 00 
2 00 
2 00 

■.i 75 

4 00! 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 75 

3 50 
2 00 

5 00 
2 00 
.'! 00 
2 75 
;{ 00 
1 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 75 
2 00 

4 00 

1 00 

2 50 

1 50 

2 60 

3 00 

2 00 

1 00 

3 00 
3 00 
3 00 1 

2 50! 
2 00 
2 on 

2 00 

3 00 

2 50 

3 00 
2 50 

1 70 

2 00 
2 50 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 
2 00 
2 60 
2 60 



$1 50 

3 00 
2 00 

4 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 
3 00 
1 00 

3 00 

4 00 

3 00 
1 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 00 

4 00 

2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

3 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 00 

4 20 
1 00 

1 00 

3 00 

2 00 

2 00 

1 00 

4 00 
4 00 

3 00 

4 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 40 
2 00 
2 00 

2 00 

3 00 
2 40 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 00 
1 50 

3 00 

1 00 

2 00 

2 00 

3 00 



$30 70 

141 59 

403 63 

29 94 

6 83 
150 00 

66 51 
342 31 

39 79 

8 25 
75 10 

40 00 
59 33 
12 00 

9 28 

7 00 
25 33 

9 10 



169 19 



26 38 

120 72 
69 82 
105 87 



313 13 

10 47 

1 91 

111 50 



56 18 
110 78 
467 99 

1 22 

2 61 
53 36 
12 31 
47 70 
43 05 
19 55 

379 71 
97 03 
18 29 
46 11 
36 49 
21 34 
26 82 

109 48 
17 20 

6 00 
100 00 

74 40 
320 71 
52 07 
46 93 
58 07 
70 
69 61 

7 27 
5 23 



$238 60 
128 16 



94 96 
2,667 56 



227 51 
177 24 

40 50 

41 79 
494 51 
535 33 

1,359 25 



14-2 25 
15 00 

400 00 
175 00 

650 00 



42 SS 
41 34 
384 75 
262 49 
32 12 
13 15 



162 91 
65 00 



225 00 
279 41 
949 06 

23 39 
642 32 

65 89 



2,012 50 
376 53 



257 


44 


67 


in 


25 00 



38 86 
"4 20 



115 00 
100 00 



42 28 
435 30 



50 00 
86 60 
ib 34 



Yes 

Yes 

Ves 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

■^es 

Yes 

Y'es 

Y''es 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

Yes 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Y"es 

Y'es 

Yes 

Y'es 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 



$300 00 
300 00 
500 00 
115 00 
600 00 
200 00 
50 00 
300 00 
28 91 
160 00 
200 00 



5,000 00 
100 00 
130 00 



30 00 
200 00 
700 00 
250 00 



5,000 00 



800 00 



500 00 

165 00 

1,750 00 



430 00 

375 00 

1,221 64 

750 00 

13 30 



555 50 

30 00 

25 00 

249 52 

500 00 



175 00 
74 00 



241 00 
80 00 
70 00 

121 18 



75 00 



2 00 



3 00 



N'o 

Yes $4 00 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Yes 

No 

Y'es 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 



3 00 
'3 06 






S 0..5 
K 



$106 55 
40 00 

163 32 
20 00 

115 14 
12 00 
30 00 

122 62 
3 00 
32 00 
91 50 
EC 00 
72 60 
30 00 
10 00 



76 00 
43 17 
130 34 
79 83 



7S 00 
81 00 
176 65 
234 35 
35 00 
32 75 



128 00 



2 75 

81 40 

to 00 

105 00 

5 00 



535 50 
41 26 



31 15 
31 25 



16 10 

17 SO 
50 

33 47 



2 00 
10 00 
152 72 
112 06 



Bl 



3 

1 

None 

2 



3 

3 
None 

3 
None 

None 

2 

5 

6 
None 

7 

5 
None 



1 
None 



None 
None 
None 

None 



1 
None 



1 

1 

1 

None 



None 
None 

8 
None 



None I None 



Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Fair 

Excellent 

(iood 

Fair 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Foor 

Good 

Fair 

Good 

Excellent 

(iood 

Good 

Good 

Poor 

Poor 

Good 

Excellent 

Poor 

Good 

Poor 

Good 

(Jood 

Poor 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 

P^xcellent 

Good 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Good 

Excellent 

Poor 

Good 

Gooil 

Good 

Fair 

Fair 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Fair 

Excellent 

Good 

Good 



,"580 HlSTOIiV DEPT. OF MASS., <;.A.K. 

As no rules can be laid down for the rating of Posts and eacb 
Assistant Inspector must use his own standard of excellence, this 
rating is not absolute ; yet to some extent it will serve to show 
the advance made by the Posts in this Department. 

The Relief Funds of many Posts were replenished during the 
last quarter of 1<S85, as will be shown by later returns. 

Every Post has been inspected, the returns tabulated, and 
are annexed. The report of the spring inspections was for- 
warded to the Inspector-General at the proper time, and elicited 
from him words of commendation and congratulation at the con- 
dition of affairs in the Department. The fall inspection shows 
that still higher ground has been taken, and I feel assured that 
the future of our Department will not shame its past record. 

When the Grand Army was first organized, the majority of 
its members had been but recently discharged from military ser- 
vice, and were unwdling to recognize discipline as necessary. In 
these later years, the need has become more apparent, and, like 
good soldiers, they have placed restraint upon themselves, thus 
elevating the ?>ior«/e of the Order ; and I congratulate my com- 
rades upon the advance in this respect. 

To the comrades who have acted as Assistant Inspectors, I 
return my most heartfelt thanks for the kindness and courtesy 
which I have received, and for the faithful manner in which their 
duties have been performed. Every request has been answered 
by a prompt compliance, and they have shown a great interest in 
the welfare of the Posts assigned to them. 

I shall remember with great pleasure the kind words and 
deeds which I have received from the various members of the 
Council. Our meetings have been very pleasant and the delibera- 
tions harmonious. 

Permit me to tender to the Commander, through you, my 
sincere congratulations upon the condition in which he leaves the 
Department, and also to thank him for the many kindly words 
and favors which I have received at his hands. 

I remain. 
Yours in F., C. and L., 

B. HEAD WALES, 

IiisjH'rtor. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 381 

REPORT OF CHIEF MUSTERING OFFICER. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R. 
Boston, Jan. 28, 1886. 
A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Comrade : I have the honor to submit here my report for 
the past j'ear. Early in the year, by request of the Department 
Commander, I made an official visit to a Post in this Department 
that from internal causes was in a critical condition. 

Prominent members of the Post were alarmed, and had ap- 
pealed to the Department Commander for counsel and assistance. 

The duties were exceedingly delicate and advisory, but a 
line of action was suggested and acted upon which 1 am happy to 
report resulted in restoring harmony and prosperity. 

I attended the second and fourth quarterly meetings of the 
Council of Administration. I installed the officers of Post 107 of 
Palmer and Post 176 of Huntington; and assisted in the instal- 
lation of the officers of Post 174 of Greenfield, and the dedication 
of their Post headquarters ; also assisted in the formation of Post 
184 of South Hadley Falls. 

Have made twelve visits to Posts, and attended the dedica- 
tion of two soldiers' monuments. 

In closing this brief report, I desire to express my apprecia- 
tion of the fraternal kindness received in all my official and fra- 
ternal relations, and especially am I indebted to Department 
Commander Hersey for the many courtesies which demand my 
sincere thanks. 

Yours in Fraternity, Charity, and Loyalty, 

CHARLES FAY, 
Chief Mustering Officer. 

REPORT OF JUDGE ADVOCATE. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 25, 1886. 
Alfred C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Comrade : I have the honor to report that during the past 
year I have given eleven official opinions on questions submitted 
to me concerning elections, the conduct of business in Posts, 
courts-martial, and on other points involving construction of the 
Rules and Regulations. I have been detailed and acted as Judge 
Advocate in one Department court-martial, which was terminated 
by the entr}' of a nolle prosequi under the approval of the Depart- 
ment Commander. 

Yours in F., C. and L., 

HEXRY WINN, 
Judge Advocate. 



382 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A R. 



REPORT OF COUNCIL OF ADMINISTRATION. 

Headquarters Deft, of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 27, 1886. 

Commander and Comrades : The Coiiucil of Administration 
have held four regular meetings and one special meeting, all of 
which have been fully attended. 

At the meetiug of March 2, the Assistant Quartermaster- 
General was instructed to invest $2,000 in two savings banks, 
$1,000 in each. 

At the meeting of October 22, Post 141 of Harwich was 
given permission to change their headquarters to South Chatham. 

The headquarters of the Department were removed to No. 1 
Pemberton Square; by so doing a saving of $100 has been made 
to the Department in rent. 

The Council would respectfully recommend that the sum of 
$300 be appropriated by this Encampment, the same as last year, 
to be used in paying the travelling fares of the Commander while 
on official visits, and of the Senior and Junior Vice-Commanders, 
when acting for him on official business ; also, that the travelling 
fares of the Commander and Assistant Adjutant-General to the 
National Encampment be paid by the Department. 

We have, through a committee appointed for the purpose, 
carefully examined the books and accounts of the Assistant Adju- 
tant-General and the Assistant Quartermaster-General, together 
with the bills, vouchers, funds, and supplies on hand, and can 
vouch for the correctness of their reports now in your hands. 

Your Council desire to express their appreciation of the faith- 
ful, earnest and efficient service rendered by our retiring Com- 
mander ; also to thank his efficient Assistant Adjutant-General 
for the courteous treatment and ready assistance received from 
him during our term of office. 

Respectfully submitted in F., C. and L., 

JOHN Mcdonough, 

EDWARD McKAY, 
CHAS H TRACY, 
HORACE H. SAWYER, 
SAMUEL WORCESTER, 

Council of Administration. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 383 

llEPORT OF MEDICAL DIRECTOR. 

Headquarters Deft, of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 27, 1886. 
A. C. Monroe, Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Sir: In compliance with duties of the honorable position to 
which I was elected one year ago, and which I accepted with a 
feeling of honest pride and gratification, I now have the honor to 
submit the following report : — 

I have tried, under the many embarrassing circumstances in 
which, during the past year, I have been called upon to represent 
the Department of Massachusetts, G.A.R., as Medical Director, 
to do my dut}^ in advancing the interests of our organization, to 
which we all owe so much loyalty and devotion. I have cheer- 
fully rendered whatever service I could to all needy and suffer- 
ing comrades, both in the matter of obtaining pensions, gaining 
admission to soldiers' homes, writing letters, etc. 

I have made many visits to Posts (more especially where a 
good time seemed imminent), and also where the good of the 
Order and the interests of the boys seemed to demand my pres- 
ence, and had it not been for appearing quite superfluous in the 
presence of our gallant Assistant Adjutant-General, I should have, 
in any emergency, considered it my duty to have looked after the 
interests of the girls also. But, joking aside, it is my humble 
opinion there is need of a decided change in the duties of the 
Medical Director and Post Surgeons towards this Order. That 
is, there should be specific duties attached to said offices ; and I 
sincerely urge and recommend that some action be taken by the 
next Convention to secure from all P( st Surgeons a semi-annual 
or annual report, to the Medical Director, of amount of service 
rendered comrades and their families gratuitously, also any labor 
done by them in securing pensions, etc., — the Medical Director 
to be required to render reports to the Surgeon-General. Such 
reports would inevitably cause all Posts, in the future, to elect 
only professional men to the office of Surgeon ; and it cer- 
tainly should be required by the State Department that such 
should be the case, for it is certainly absurd to elect an officer to 
said position who has no professional claim or title to the same. 
It can only bring discredit upon Posts which continue to pursue 
such a course. In closing this very imperfect report, allow me to 
thank all for the many kindnesses and courtesies extended to me 
during the year. 

I have the honor to be. 

Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

WALTER H LEIGIITON, 

Medical Director. 



384 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

REPORT OF CHAPLAIN. 

Headquarters Dept. of Mass., G.A.R., 
Boston, Jan. 27, 1886. 

No special duty has fallen to the Chaplain during the year. 
He has been able to attend all but one of the regular meetings of 
the Council of Administration. He is glad to be able to say that 
he found himself in full accord with his comrades, the other mem- 
bers of the Council. Among the Department officers no death 
has occurred, so that the Chaplain has had no occasion to act as 
a comforter to the mourner or as a eulogist for the departed. 
His duties have been confined to accompanying the Department 
Commander in official visits to Posts, camp-fires, fairs and dedica- 
tion of soldiers' memorials. The opportunities to form new 
acquaintances among the men who periled life for the nation's 
safety have been gladly accepted, and respect for them is strength- 
ened by the wider acquaintance. The Chaplain trusts that his 
successor in office will find the toil equally light, and the pleasures 
equally great, for the coming year. 

E. A. PERRY, 

Chaplain. 

Past Department Commander Cushman moved that a special 
committee of five be appointed by the Chair to consider the sub- 
ject matter of General Orders, No. 12, from these headquarters, 
relative to the Grant Memorial Fund. 

Past Department Commander Geo. H. Patch amended the 
motion : — 

That inasmuch as the Council of Administration had con- 
sidered this matter and passed upon it, that their action on the 
same be ratified by the Encampment. 

Adopted. 

On motion of Comrade E. C. Whitney of Post 68, it was 
voted that a committee of five be appointed by the Chair to con- 
sider the Commander's address and report of officers, said com- 
mittee to report at Thursday morning session, and the following 
committee was appointed : — 

Edmund C. Whitney of Post 68 ; Myrou P. Walker of Post 
97 ; David R. Pierce of Post 15 ; J. A. Lakin of Post 41 ; John 
L. Knight of Post 16. 

At this point, on motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox of Post 
68, it was voted, that when the Encampment adjourns it be to 
meet at nine o'clock a.m., tomorrow, January 28. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 385 

Comrade J. H. O'Donnell of Post 2 submitted the following 
motion : — 

That a committee of seven be appointed by the Chair to pre- 
pare a list of candidates to be voted for as delegates and alter- 
nates to the National Encampment. 

Comrade E. B. Loring of Post 15 offered an amendment to 
above, as follows : — 

That Comrade O'Donnell's motion be postponed until after 
the discussion and vote on the Eight-dollar Pension measure is 
decided by this Encampment. 

Comrade O'Donnell accepted the amendment, and the motion 
as amended was carried. 

On motion of Past Department Commander Geo. H. Patch, 
it was voted, that a committee of five be appointed by the Chair, 
to whom all communications and resolutions from comrades and 
Posts shall be referred. 

The following committee was appointed : — 

Chas. B. Fox of Post 68 ; Alfred F. Sears of Post 13 ; Beuj. 
S. Lovell of Post 58 ; John R. McCrillis of Post 43 ; W. C. 
Pomeroy of Post 86. 

The following communications were received from comrades 
and Posts. 

Comrade Jas. Frey of Post 5 offered the following : — 

Commander and comrades, 1 move th'at the delegates to the 
National Encampment be instructed to use their efforts to have 
Chap. IV., Art. II., of the Rules and Regulations of the Grand 
Army of the Republic so amended as to exclude all past officers 
of the National and State Encampments from having any vote or 
voice in either National or State Encampments. 

On motion, the above referred to Committee on Resolutions. 

Comrade H. G. O, Weymouth of Post 42 offered the follow- 
ing resolutions : — 

Upsolved, That we, the Department of Massachusetts, Grand Arin.v 
of the Republic, desire to place on record our deep sense of loss in the 
death of our beloved and distinjiuished comrade, Gen. George B. Mc- 
Clellan. His skill as a commander has shed lustre upon the name of the 
American soldier. As a patriot, he was ever ready to serve his country 
in any capacity, and we recall with grateful pride his invaluable services 
as organizer and commander of the first disciplined army of the late war, 
which desei'ves from us as soldiers and citizens that earnest recognition 



25 



386 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

and hearty indorsement which •will in the future surely be accorded him 
in the history of our country. 

Besohied, That these resolutions be spread upon our records, and 
an engrossed copy be transmitted to the family of our'deceased comrade, 
with the heartfelt sympathy and respect of this Department. 

On motion of Comrade O. M. Cousens of Post 42 it was 
voted, " That these resolutions be accepted and adopted by this 
Department, and the Assistant Adjutant-General be instructed to 
carry out the instructions therein." 

Adopted unanimously by a rising vote. 

Comrade H. G. O. Weymouth of Post 42 offered the follow- 
ing resolutions : — 

Whereas, The admission to permanent membership in the National 
Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, as provided by Art. II., 
Sees. 1, 2, 3, of Chap. IV., has increased the representative vote of the 
Encampment to an extent which threatens its continuance as a repre- 
sentative body ; therefore, 

Besolved, That the delegates from this Department be, and they are 
hereby instructed to prepare and present to the National Encampment 
such amendment to the Rules and Regulations as will hereafter, if 
adopted, limit life membership to Past National Commanders only. 

Post 22 of Milford offered the following : — 

Resolved, That the Commander of this Department be instructed to 
draw up a petition in the name of the Department, to be presented to the 
Legislature, now in session, that a law be enacted giving the Grand Army 
Posts or detachments thereof, and all other citizens of this State, liberty 
to enter into any burial place in this Commonwealth on Memorial Day, 
so called, for the purpose of decorating the graves of soldiers and sailors 
buried therein. 

Resolutions offered by Post 68 : — 

Whereas, The Grand Army of the Republic, during its existence of 
more than eighteen years, has firmly established itself in the confidence 
of the people ; and 

Whereas, Ample opportunity has been oflered to all honorably dis- 
charged soldiers and sailors of the Union Army and Navy to acquaint 
themselves with its objects and join its ranks ; and 

Whereas, A large number of honorably discharged soldiers have 
neglected or refused to unite with our Order, and assist in carrying on 
its noble work of relief to suflering comrades, but in many instances, 
when in want or distress, have been prompt to call for aid from our 
relief fund ; therefore, 

Besolved, That our delegates to the National Encampment be 
instructed to advocate such changes of the obligations and Rules and 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 387 

Regulations of the Grand Army of the Republic, as shall leave the subject 
of the relief of soldiers, not members of the G.A.R , who have had an 
opportunity to unite with it, to the discretion of the several Posts. 

Comrade E. B. Loring of Post 15 offered the following 
motion : — 

That this Encampment indorse the Lovering Eight-dollar 
Pension Bill, Forty-ninth Congress, H.R., No. 1096, and that 
the delegates to the National Encampment are hereby instructed 
to so vote and work at that Encampment as to put the G.A.R. on 
record in favor of that measure. 

On motion of Comrade P. Powers of Post 126, it was voted 
that the discussion on all questions be limited to ten minutes for 
each comrade, and no comrade be allowed to speak but once on 
each question. 

On motion of Comrade Chas. B. Fox, it was voted that when 
the vote be taken on the pension measure, it be taken by a yea 
and nay vote. 

Comrade Loring presented his question in an able manner, 
and was followed by Comrade J. H. Abbott of Post 46, speaking 
in opposition. 

On motion of Past Department Commander Geo. H. Patch, 
it was voted that the debate on the pension matter be suspended 
for a few moments, in order that he might submit the following 
motion : — 

That the vote whereby the appointment of Committee to 
Nominate Delegates and Alternates to the National Encampment 
was postponed until after the Eight-dollar Bill was decided, be 
reconsidered. 

Motion carried and the following Committee to Nominate 
Delegates was appointed : — 

John H. O'Donnell of Post 2 ; James H. Holmes of Post 
37; C. C. Burdett of Post 164; Walter Cutting of Post 125; 
Thos. M. Arnold of Post 47 ; Thos. W. Cook of Post 1 ; J. J. 
Calanan of Post 71. 

Discussion upon the Pension Bill was then resumed, Comrade 
Darius Had ley of Post 156 speaking in favor of the bill. 

On motion of Comrade T. J. Quinn of Post 57, it was voted 
that the vote on the question of pension measure be taken at 1 1 
A.M. Thursday, 28th inst., unless sooner reached. 



388 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

On motion of Department Senior Vice Commander R. F. 
Tobin, it was voted that a committee of five be appointed by the 
chair to nominate a list of candidates for the Council of Adminis- 
tration. 

The following committee was appointed : — 

Geo. L. Clapp of Post 86; J. B. Lamb of Post 10; Frank 
McGraw of Post 46 ; John E. Killian of Post 26 ; T. M. Currant 
of Post 5. 

On motion of Comrade E. B. Macy of Post 19, the Encamp- 
ment adjourned at 11 o'clock p.m. 



MORNING SESSION. 

Thursday, Jan. 28, 1886. 

The Encampment was called to order at 9.30 a.m., by 
Department Commander John W. Hersey, who called on Depart- 
ment Chaplain Rev. E. A. Perry, to invoke the Divine blessing. 

On motion of Comrade A. Neilson of Post 2, it was voted 
that a committee of nine be appointed by the Chair, to consider 
the expediency of formiug a Veteran Rights Union Association. 

The following were appointed : — 

Arthur Neilson of Post 2 ; Wm. S. Hixon of Post 35 ; Thos. 
Langlan of Post 15 ; S. M. Weale of Post 23 ; J. Everett Pierce 
of Post 66 ; Wilbur F. Lane of Post 7 ; Thos. H. Haskell of Post 
11 ; J. E. Killian of Post 26 ; Geo. D. Stiles of Post 5. 

Committee on Credentials reported as follows : — 

Number of comrades entitled to seats in this Encampment 583 

Number of comrades present 519 

Divided as follows : — 

Department officers . 13 

Past Department Commanders 7 

Post Commanders 155 

Delegates ..... 344 

Total 519 

Discussion resumed on the pension question by Comrades 
E. B. Loring of Post 15, D. Hadley of Post 156, J. B. Ever- 
dean of Post 35, Past Department Commander G. W. Creasey, 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 3^9 

J. W. Walker of Post 30, Wm. A. Prescott of Post 35, Wilbur 
E. Lane of Post 7, D. R. Pierce of Post 15,- in favor; and Com- 
rades W. S. Shurtleff of Post 16, Chas. Fay of Post 16, J. H. 
Abbott of Post 46, J. Baker of Post 16, A. C. Stone of Post 39, 
Past Commander-in-Chief Geo. S. Merrill and W. C. Pomeroy of 
Post 86, against. 

At this point Commander-in-Chief S. S. Burdett was 
announced at the outpost. Commander Hersoy appointed Past 
Commander-in-Chief Geo. S. Merrill and Past Department Com- 
mander Geo. S. Evans a committee to escort him to the platform. 
The Commander-in-Chief was accompanied by the following mem- 
bers of his Staff : Comrades W. F. Gierke of Post 2 ; L. Bartell 
of Post 1 of Massachusetts ; Samuel Jones of Omaha ; Past Com- 
mander-in-Chief Paul Van Dervoort of Omaha. Commander 
Hersey introduced the Commander-in-Chief to the Encampment, 
who happily responded. 

Eleven o'clock having arrived, at which time the vote on the 
pension question was specially assigned, the Assistant Adjutant- 
General proceeded to call the roll, which resulted as follows : — 

YEAS. 

Commander John W. Hersey. 
Senior Vice-Commander Kichard F. Tobin. 
Junior Vice-Commander Chas. D. Nash. 
Medical Director Walter H. Leighton. 

Council of Administration John McDonough, Horace A Sawver 

Assistant Adjutant-General Alfred C. Monroe ' 

T> . ^^^\ Department Commanders Geo. W. Creasey, Geo. H. Patch. 

Post 1. Fred &. Washburn, Andrew J. Smith, Thomas W. Cook, Edward 

n ., T. Chapman, Fred S. Tabor, S. C. Chamberlain. 
Post 2. C. H. Whiting, Geo. H. Innis, W. F Gierke. 
Post 3. I^e^vls B. Hodges, Benj. Morris, Alden H. Blake, Duncan S 

Elliott. 
Post 4. Edwin C. Gould. 

Post 5. T. M Currant, F. H. Bean, Fred P. Larrabee, Geo. C. Hig-ins 
W. A. Cotton, David Walker, Frank G. Keliey, Wilhs l' 
Hidden, Jas. Frey, Thos. Payton. Warren Bailey, C. m! 
Sprague, C. H. Robinson, John Forrest, C. B. Smith S H 
Davenport, Fred Fitts, Geo. D. Stiles. ' 

Post 7. Wilbur F. Lane, Thaddeus Churchill, Jeremiah Wakefield, Geo. 
A. J. Colgan, Patrick W. Doherty. Geo. B. Martis, Stephen 
o T ^^M^^^' ■^- ^- Cherry, Chas. H. Whitney. 
Post S. Jas. M. Sampson, Thos. B. Griffiths, Chas. W. Tm-ner 
Post 9. Chas G. Brigham, Geo. W. Poor, C H Hill 
Post 11. Wm H. Poole, Isaac W. Derby, Thos. H. Haskell, John Reade, 
Chas. Raymond. ' 

Post 12. Arloii S Atherton, W. S. Harris, Wm. N. Tyler, Justin Howard, 

U. h. Kolfe. 
Post 13. Alfred F. Sears, Nat'l D. Toppan, Wm. R. Bunker, Chas. E. 
Tribou, Francis M. Shaw. 



390 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post N. 
Post U). 



Post 16. 
Post 17. 
Post 18. 
Post 19. 

Post 20. 
Post 21. 
Post 22. 
Post 23. 

Post 24. 
Post 25. 
Post 29. 
Post .30. 

Post 31. 
Post 32. 
Post .33. 
Post 34. 

Post 35. 



Post 36. 
Post 37. 
Post 38. 
Post 39. 
Post 40. 

Post 42. 

Post 45. 

Post 46. 
Post 47. 

Post 48. 
Post 49. 

Post 50. 
Post 51. 
Post 52. 
Post 53. 
Post 54. 
Post 57. 
Post 58. 

Post 60. 
Post 61. 
Post 63. 
Post 65. 
Post 66. 
Post 67. 
Post 68. 
Post 69. 
Post 70. 
Post 71. 
Post 72. 



N. H. Houghton, A. O. Thompson. 

David K. Pierce, E. B. Loring, Geo. W. Powers, Samuel Can- 
ning, David O. Felt, Moses H. Cleaves, J. Cushing Thomas, 

Francis E. Bealin, Thos. Langlan. 
E. F. Cross. 

Albert L. Barrett, A. L. IShattuck, G. A. Drake. 
G. C. Fiske. 
Edwin F. Putnam, Fred M. Peckham, Sidney Sibley, Geo. S. 

Gilchrist, Edward B. Macy. 
Loren B. Moore. 
Theodore Leutz. 

Henry Hancock, Henry A. Pond. 
Edward Preble, Lyman W. Clark, Samuel M. Weale, Lyman W. 

Gould. 
George M. Newton. 
Ezra J. Hill. 
J. Beatey. 
Wm. H. P. Plummer, Samuel Hall, P. A. Lindsey, E. J. Dolan, 

J. W. Walker, .J. Kinnear. 
Geo. O. Vinal, Henry H. Chubbuck. 
W. J. Hlake, P. Lynch, D. McCarty. 

Wm. P. Warren, Charles W. McDonald, Oliver M. Wade. 
T. Wilson Nye, Amos Stillman, Albion M. Dudley, Edward C. 

Beckett. 
Nelson H. Sibley, Jos. B. Everdean, A. G. Beane, Geo. W. 

White, Geo. W. Marsh, Chas. A. Litchfield, Wm. A. Pres- 

cott, Wm. S. Hixon, fUias. O. Fellows. 
Major Bacon. 
Chas. P. Barton, Chas. A. Boyden. 

E. D. Goodell. 
James Lane. 

F. E. West, Frank J. Scott, Nathan Newhall, Charles E. 
Thompson. 

John Welch, H. G. O. Weymouth, John F. Murphy, John E. 

Quinn, O. M. Cousens, Andrew J. Boies, C. A. R. Dimon. 
Sidney Gardner, Benj. F. Cook, Chas. H. Parsons, Albert C. 

Andrews. 
•T. L. Delmage, R. Booth. 
Thos. M. Arnold, Wm. H. Johnson, Benj. A. Sawyer, Walter 

Goodrich, Carl Jensen, John C. Goodwin. 
John H. Sprague, H. C. Sherwin. 
Henry Martin, John Burke, Caleb P. Davis, Jr., Russell T. 

Tibbetts, Albert O. Colby. 
Frank E. Farnham, AVm. W. Reed, Geo. B. Millen. 
Wilder E. Dean, Charles H. Bartlett 
Ellis R. Holbrook, P. W. Fecto, D. W. Burrill. 
A. W. Allen, D. W. Martin. 
John A. Merrill. 

F. M. Balcora, M. F. Davlin, M. F. Marks, T. J. Quinn. 
Benj. S. Lovell, James W. Rand, James J. Mahoney, Austin P. 

Beard. 
Wm. E. Nason, Wm. H. Williams. 
H. .F. Wooddell, E. P. Carter. 

S. W. Mann, M. L. Gleason, Ed. P. Simpson, J. H. Wright. 
W. S. Stearns. 

Robert M. Spinney, John S. Beck, J. Everett Pierce. 
Chas H. Stone. 
Edmund C. Whitney. 
J. S. Harrington, E. S. Kendall. 
E. A. Waters, S C. Spooner. 

W. H. Abbott, .Fames Howes, J. J. Calanan, A. M. Cain. 
Lysander Wood, Thomas Blanchard. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT, 



391 



Post 


74. 


Post 


75. 


Post 


76. 


Post 


78. 


Post 


79. 


Post 


81. 


Post 


82. 


Post 


85. 


Post 


87. 


Post 


88. 


Post 


89. 


Post 


90. 


Post 


91. 


Post 


92. 


Post 


93. 


Post 


95. 


Post 


97. 


Post 


100. 


Post 


103. 


Post 


105. 


Post 


106. 


Post 


107. 


Post 


108. 


Post 


109. 


Post 


110. 


Post 


112. 


Post 


115. 


Post 


116. 


Post 


117. 


Post 


118. 


Post 


120. 


Post 


121. 


Post 


122. 


Post 


123. 


Post 


124. 


Post 


125. 


Post 


1-26. 


Post 


128. 


Post 


129. 


Post 


130. 


Post 


132. 


Post 


134. 


Post 


135. 


Post 


1.37. 


Post 


138. 


Post 


139. 


Post 


140. 


Post 


141. 


Post 


142. 


Post 


144. 


Post 


145. 


Post 


146. 


Post 


148. 


Post 


149. 


Post 


150. 


Post 


151 


Post 


1.55. 


Post 


156. 



Geo. E. Dunham, Silas Giirney. 

S. L. Colley, Jehu Best, C. B. Carlin. 

Martin Curley. 

Rufus Cass, Ephraim T. Cole, A. B. Caswell, ,Ir. 

L. J. Amiden, C. B. Cheesebre, E. B. Hicks. 

Fred A. Thomas, Geo. E. Teele. 

Richard Goldsmith, John B. Graves, Jr., Richard B. Brown, 

Wm K. Brown. 
Frank P. Clark. 
Henry A. Monk. 

Francis P. Loud, Wm. P. Martin, Samuel D. DeForrest. 
John Hannahs, James H. Kendall, John W. McKnight, Fred. 

A. Wallis. 
Harvey H. Pillsbury, Timothy D. Crowley, Jos. J. Fuller, 

Edward L. Hill. 
H. C. Lindley, William H, Kempton. 
Frederick Hammond. 
James M. Hunter. 
James F. Pratt, Geo. W. Gale. 
A. Morse, Chas. Davis. 
Geo. H. Barnard, Jos. Martin. 
Benj. F. Tucker, Zachary Damon. 

D. C. Haviland, George Ball. 
Calvin W. Pool. 

Charles Upham. 
H. N. Harriman. 
Geo. P. Hawks. 

Nathaniel H. Tirrell, Luther Rowe. 
David Bassford, Jr., Wm. C. Litchfield. 
Chas. Blood. 

John D. Edgett, Chas. F. Read. 
Ansel K. Tisdale. 
John J. Adams. 

W. A. Fifield, H. M. Jacobs, W. W. Tuttle, L. A. French, 
G. W. Huntoon, C. F. ITrann. 

E. S. Churchill, W. C. Eustis, Jas. McKay. 
Chas. Goss, Dudley J. Marston. 

James Oliver, Benj. W. Spooner, Hiram Bancroft. 

Peregrin W. Poole, Francis M. Kingman. 

Charles M. Welden, Robert B. Dickie. 

E. P. Snow, P. Powers. 

Nathaniel ShatsAvell, Thos. F. Ellsworth. 

(^yrenius E. Tucker, Lawrence Gibney. 

Wm. J. Arbuckle, Henry A. Walker. 

L. Wells Hunt, Samuel H. Nye. 

Samuel A. Valentine, Isaac S. Mullin. 

Hammond W. Page. 

Henry Hutchins, E. C. Norris. 

Isaiah Hutchins, D. H. Hall. 

Melville D. Jones, Jas. Davlin. 

Wm. E. Jaquith. 

G. N. Munsell, C. H. Rockwell. 

Nathaniel S Robinson. 

Henry W. Weeks, Chas. C. Nichols, Wm. R. Guild. 

E. S. Horton. 

Geo T. Fisher. 

W. A. Snow. 

Chas. S. Stone, Patrick Duggan. 

G. N. Watson, Leander Brigham. 

Geo. Q. A. Bryant, Theo. K. Parker. 

Frank C. Hill, Wm. J. Dunham. 

Darius Hadley. 



392 



HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 



Post 158. Wm. McDonald. 

Post 1.59. Joseph Rosslter, C. E. Bushee, C. E. Gerold. 

Post 1(50. James Dillon. 

Post 161. Milton Moore, Ambrose Bancroft, 

Post 162. R. L. Atherton. 

Post 163. E. T. Phinney. 

Post 164. Chas. C. Burdett. 

Post 165. Lawrence Bradford. 

Post 166. Edwin E. James. 

Post 169. Albert G. Webb. 

Post 171. Piollin C. Ward, Wm. E. Merriam. 

Post 172. Ambrose E. Ames. 

Post 173. Byron W. Charles, Chas. S. Haskell. 

Post 174. George Pierce. 

Post 176. Edward Pease. 

Post 178. Warren O. Hawley, Albert B. Champlin. 

Total, 344. 

NAYS. 

Department Chaplain Rev. E. A. Perry. 

Council of Administration Edward McKay, Chas. H. Tracy, 

Samuel Worcester. 
Assistant Quartermaster-General W. W. Scott. 
Department Inspector B. Read Wales. 
Chief Mustering Officer Chas. Fay. 

Past Department Commanders A. S. Cushman, John W. Kim- 
ball, Geo. S. Merrill, Geo. S. Evans, John D. Billings. 
J. H. O'Donnell, Arthur Neilson, 
Ricliard Eddy, 

Wm. H, Belcher, B. A. Bridges, 
C. N. Walker, S, F, Babbitt, J. B. Lamb, Jas. Armstrong, 

C. W, Putnam, J. B, Willard, Thos. O'Gara, Frank H. Rice, 

Jotham Bigelow, Wm, L. Robinson, Jos. P. Eaton, Augustus 

Stone, J. X. Jones. 
Joel H. Hendrick, J. L. Knight, John Baker, C. D. Ufford, 

Wm. S. Shurtliff, Geo. S. Warriner, N. E. Abbott, D. W. 

Ware, 
Edward P, Loring, 
Henry J. Bailey, L. A, Lamson, 
F. L. Fuller. 
John E. Killian, Michael Riley, Frank W. Monroe, Frank B. 

Perkins. 
O. B. Chaffee, L, T. Emerson, 
W. L. G. Haskins, 
Horace D, Durgin, 
Jas, H, Holmes, 
Chas. H. Couillard, Jas. W, Joyce, Andrew C. Stone, Daniel E. 

Kiley, Chas. Philbrick, Marcus W. Copps, Geo, H, Flagg, 
Geo. H. Prescott, Frank A. Snow, J, A. Lakin. 
John R. McCrillis, W. A. Alley, C. F. Robinson, J. W, Barnes. 
S. F. Draper. 

John H. Abbott, John M. Deane, Frank McGraw. 
Horace A. AUyn, Dexter Jewett, T. W. Higginson. 
Moses R. Greeley, 
Elias P, Morton. 

A. T. Sylvester, J. F. Makee, R. M, Lucas, 
Charles Frazer. 
E, P, Stanly. 
Chas. D. Stiles, Chas. B. Fox, Henry P. Oakman, Walter E. 

Swan, Chas. D. W. Marcy. 
A. W, Hines, A. H, Wright, J. W. Sproul, 



Post 2. 
Post 4. 
Post 6, 
Post 10, 



Post 16, 



Post 10, 
Post 22. 
Post 24. 
Post 26, 

Post 27. 
Post 28, 
Post 36, 
Post 37, 
Post 39. 

Post 41. 
Post 43, 
Post 44. 
Post 46. 
Post 56. 
Post .58. 
Post 61. 
Post 62. 
Post 64. 
Post 67. 
Post 68, 

Post 73, 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL ENCAMPMENT. 



393 



Post 


74. 


Post 


76. 


Post 


80. 


Post 


83. 


Post 


85. 


Post 


86. 


Post 


92. 


Post 


93. 


Post 


94. 


Post 


98. 


Post 


99. 


Post 


102. 


Post 


104. 


Post 


107. 


Post 108, 


Post 


111. 


Post 


113. 


Post 


114. 


Post 


115. 


Post 


117. 


Post 


12.5. 


Post 


127. 


Post 


131. 


Post 


133. 


Post 


143. 


Post 


145. 


Post 


147. 


Post 


152. 


Post 


155. 


Post 


1.56. 


Post 


160. 


Post 


168. 


Post 


175. 


Post 


179. 


Post 


180. 


Post 


182. 


Post 


183. 



Jeremiah Looby. 

Benj. A. Hathaway, Edmund M. Leach. 

Chas. E. Smith, F. W. Bullard, L. P. Claflin. 

John G. Knight. 

D. W. Ainsworth. 

Wm. R. Bartwell, W. C. Pomeroy, Albert A. Lyman, John 

Keach, Geo. C. Clapp. 
Alvah J. Wilson. 
G. R. Pierce. 
John T. Pitman. 
David B. Lincoln. 
Geo. W. Chandler, Peter D. Smith. 
Chas. E. G. Breck, Geo. A. Fletcher. 
Chas. H. Wakefield, John H. Stodder. 
Daniel W. Tuft. 
Chas. W. Tenney, C. O. Noyes. 
H. C. Sampson, H. H. Collamore. 

Augustine Sanderson, Augustus N". Sampson, Albert W. Hersey. 
M. P. Brew, Bailey Sargent. 
Daniel C. Fletcher. 
.John H. Peraber. 

Walter Cutting, Edward McDonald. 
Edward Pendleton, Josiah G. Cook. 
John F. Kebbler, John D. Cogswell. 
Wm. H. Wade, Edward P. Davis. 
C. C. Soule, W. T. Gross. 

A. T. Wales. 

H. M. McCJoud, C. S. Walker, J. W. Rowland. 

Chas. E. French, Wm. H. Burnham. 

Geo. E. Fuller. 

Chas. H. Spencer. 

Geo. H. Howard 

Geo. W. Corey. 

Eben C. Mann. 

B. F. Brooks. 

Edward J. Bartlett, A. P. Chamberlin. 
Amasa Gray. 
Chas. Church. 



Total, 148. 



Comrade Chas. B. Fox, chairman of Committee on Com- 
munications and Resolutions from Posts and Comrades, reported 
as follows : — 

On the resolution of Post 22. The committee report that 
this resolution ought not to pass, for the reason that the Legisla- 
ture has no power to authorize trespass on private property. 

Adopted. 

Resolution of Post 42, in regard to the representation in 
National Encampment. The committee report that it ought to 
pass. 

Adopted. 

Resolution of Post 68. The committee report that this reso- 
lution ought to pass. 

Adopted . 



394 HISTORY DEPT. OF MASS., G.A.R. 

The resolution of Comrade James Frey of Post 5, the com- 
mittee report that so much of this communication as relates to 
the Departments, ought not to pass. 

Adop