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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 
AT LOS ANGELES 







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I * 



JOURNALS OF GENERAL CONVE 




OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

IN THE UNITED STATES, 1785-1835. 

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 
EDITED BY 

WILLIAM STEVENS PERRY, D. D. 



VOL. I. 
1785 1821. 



CLAREMONT, N. H. 
THE CLAREMONT MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 

1874. 



Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1874, by 

WILLIAM STEVENS PERRY, 
As Secretary of the House of Deputies of the General Convention of the Protestant 

Episcopal Church in the United States, 
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



THE CUAREMONT MANUF'C CO., 

CLAREMONT, N. H., 
CTEREOTYPBRS, PRINTERS AND BINDERS. 



(2) 



MS 






TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



^ PREFACE. ...... 3 

JOURNALS : 

N CONVENTION OF 1785. ... 13 

CONVENTION OF 1786. . . .31 

ADJOURNED CONVENTION OF 1786. . 49 

CONVENTION OF 1789. . . .63 

i\ ADJOURNED CONVENTION OF 1789. . 91 

"* CONVENTION OF 1792. . . . 145 

^ CONVENTION OF 1795. . . . 185 

SPECIAL CONVENTION OF 1799. . . 216 

CONVENTION OF 1801. . . 257 
w 

CONVENTION OF 1804. . . .289 

CONVENTION OF 1808. ... 333 

CONVENTION -OF 1811. . . . 367 

CONVENTION OF 1814. . . . 399 

CONVENTION OF 1817. . . . 449 

CONVENTION OF 1820. . . . 509 

SPECIAL CONVENTION OF 1821. . . 605 

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JOINT COMMITTEE 
ON THE RE-PUBLICATION OF THE 

Early Journals of General Conventions, 

THE BISHOPS of New York, Connecticut, New Jersey and 
Central Pennsylvania. THE REV. WILLIAM COOPER MEAD, 
D.D., LL.D., THE REV. WILLIAM: STEVENS PERRY, D.D., 
MR. SAMUEL B. RUGGLES, LL.D., MR. HENRY P. BALDWIN, 
LL.D., MR. ENOCH R. MUDGE. 



(4) 



PREFACE. 



The history of the various attempts to secure the re-publica 
tion of the early Journals of the General Conventions can best 
be learned from a report made to the Convention of 1859 by a 
Committee appointed to consider the practicability of reprint 
ing the Journals from 1785 to 1853. 

The Committee appointed by the House to consider the expediency and 
to inquire into the probable cost of reprinting the Journals of the Gen 
eral Convention from A.D. 1785, to A.D. 1853, inclusive, with an Index to 
the same, respectfully report : 

The first thirty years of our legislation as an independent Church, had 
not passed, when, owing, to quote the language of Bishop White, to 
the "increasing difficulty of possessing sets" of these documentary an 
nals of our Church history, the reprinting of the Journals of the General 
Convention from A.D. 1785, to A.D. 1814, inclusive, was imperatively re 
quired. 

A few years later, and so rapidly had these documents disappeared, 
but one entire collection of the originals from which this reprint was 
made could be found, even by the venerable Presiding Bishop of the 
Church. At the present time, not only are the earlier editions wholly 
out of print, but the volume published by Bioren in Philadelphia, in ac 
cordance with the resolution of the Convention of 1814, and also many 
Journals of subsequent years, are rarely met with, even by the most inde 
fatigable collector. So rare are these important documents, that it is be 
lieved by your Committee, after no little inquiry, that there are less than 
ten entire sets of the Journals of the General Convention in the posses 
sion of Dioceses or individuals in the land. 

Efforts for the republication of these Journals, subsequent to the ap- 



6 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

pearance of Bioren's edition in 1817, date back as far as the Convention 
of 1835. At this time, and apparently in consequence of the inability of 
the Secretary to procure, as directed, " ten sets of the Journals of the 
General Convention, from the organization of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States," (see p. 25, Journal of 1835,) for preserva 
tion among the archives of the Convention, the following resolution was 
passed by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

"RESOLVED, The House of Bishops concurring, that a Joint Committee 
be appointed to procure, by some publishing house, the printing at its ex 
pense and for its profit, of all the Journals of the General Convention 
since 1785, together with all the Pastoral Letters which have been set 
forth by the House of Bishops." See p. 77, Journal of 1835. 

In this resolution the House of Bishops concurred, and appointed on 
their behalf the Right Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D.D., Bishop of 
New York ; but owing doubtless to the pressure of business attending the 
close of an important and exciting Session, the names of the members of 
the Committee from the lower House were not designated by the Conven 
tion, and consequently no action ensued. 

At the following Session in 1838, the same resolution was passed by 
both Houses, with this additional clause: 

" ' * And that the said Committee be, and hereby are, authorized 
to append to such edition of the Journals a suitable Index." See p. 48, 
Journal of 1838. 

This Committee, consisting of Bishop B. T. Onderdonk, and the Rev. 
Drs. Anthon and Hawks, submitted to the Convention of 1841, the fol 
lowing Report: 

" The Joint Committee appointed by the last Convention to procure 
the printing of all the Journals of the General Convention, respectfully 
report: 

" That they have not accomplished the object of their appointment, but 
have reason to believe that there may be action on the subject by this 
Convention, which will greatly facilitate the measure. The Committee 
therefore respectfully submit for adoption by the Convention the following 
resolutions: 

"RESOLVED, That a Joint Committee, consisting of one Bishop, chosen 

by the House of Bishops, and Members of the House of Clerical 

and Lay Deputies chosen by the said House, be appointed to procure the 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 7 

publication by some publishing house on its own account, of a complete 
edition of all the Journals of the General Convention, together with the 
Canons and other documents which have been published with these Jour 
nals, and a complete set of the Canons, including the Constitution of thia 
Church, as the same shall be at the adjournment of this Convention, with 
a copious Index or Indexes to the whole. 

" RESOLVED, That the same Committee be authorized and appointed to 
superintend the printing of the Journals, etc., and to form the Index or 
Indexes and to adopt efficient means for securing the entire accuracy of 
the edition. 

" RESOLVED, That the edition of the Journals, etc., thus published, be 
certified by the Committee as an edition published under the authority of 
the General Convention. 

" RESOLVED, That as soon as arrangements conformably to the above 
resolutions are made with a printer, the Committee do cause proposals for 
the edition to be extensively circulated ; and, that they be authorized and 
requested to adopt, in the name of this Convention, suitable measures to 
secure for the undertaking the general patronage of the Church. Jour- 
aal of 1841, pp. 110, 111. 

" Respectfully submitted, 

BENJ. T. ONDERDONK, 
HENRY ANTHON, 

COMMITTEE." 

These resolutions, covering the whole ground of action proposed by 
your present Committee, were on motion of Bishop Kemper, seconded by 
Bishop Meade, adopted by the House of Bishops, and concurred in by the 
lower House; and the whole matter committed to the Bishop of New 
York, with the Rev. Drs. Anthon and Mead, t and T. L. Ogden, Esq. 
Journal of 1841, page 113. 

At the session of the Convention in 1844, Bishop B. T. Onderdonk, in 
behalf of the Committee, reported that the Committee had not been able 
to accomplish the object of their appointment, and asked to be discharged. 
In this request both Houses concurred. Journal of 1844, page 28. 

In 1853, the House of Bishops proposed to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, " that the Secretaries of the two Houses be requested to 
prepare an Index to the whole series of Journals of the General Con 
vention from the beginning," adding the suggestion, that this " Index, 
when approved by the Presiding Bishop," should " be printed in the same 
form as the Journal." Journal of 1853, pp. 115, 116. 

The House concurred in this resolution, with the provision that the 
funds in the Treasury of the Convention be sufficient to meet the cost. 
Journal of 1853, page 143. 



8 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

At the last meeting of the Convention, the subject was again agitated, 
and the Secretary was " appointed a Committee to confer with publishers 
about issuing a stereotype edition of all the Journals of this Convention, 
at the expense and for the profit of said publishers." Journal of 1856, 
page 129. 

This has been found impracticable. 

In view, then, of this almost continuous legislation of the Convention 
on this subject, expressive of the deep sense of need felt throughout the 
Church in the matter, your Committee are convinced that the work is one 
that should be done, and done at once. Each unsuccessful attempt each 
three years delay but adds to the difficulty of ever securing the result 
desired. The Committee have therefore, in the limited time at their dis 
posal, made such inquiries as were in their power, as to the probable cost 
of this republication, and have also discussed the best manner of effecting 
the same ; and while they are convinced, both from the magnitude of the 
work, and the want of success of previous Committees, that this reprint 
would not be undertaken by any responsible publisher solely at his own 
risk, they feel certain that the end desired may be attained by means of 
subscriptions from the many individuals, libraries, and legislative bodies 
of our Church, to whom such documents would be peculiarly valuable and 
interesting. 

In view of these statements, and feeling confident that a suitable pub 
lisher can be found to undertake the work upon reasonable encourage 
ment by pledges or subscriptions from members of the Church, the Com- 
raittee would respectfully offer the following preamble and resolutions : 

" WHEREAS, It is the duty of the Church to make generally accessible the 
annals of its legislation, both for the guidance of its law-makers,' and for 
the information of students of its history: 

"And WHEREAS, The Documentary History of the General Convention 
is now wholly out of print, and rarely to be met with, 

"RESOLVED, That a Committee of six be appointed from this House to 
secure, either by subscription or otherwise, the republication of the Jour 
nals of the General Convention from A.D. 1785, to A.D. 1853, inclusive, 
provided that no pecuniary obligation be assumed by this Convention. 

"RESOLVED, Further, that the said Committee be authorized and em 
powered to add to this republication suitable Historical Notes and a co 
pious Analytical Index, and that they have full power with reference to 
the same. 

" Respectfully submitted. EDWARD Y. HIGBEU. 

J. M. WILLET. 
WM. STEVENS PERRY. 
SAMUEL B. RUGGLES. 
SIMEON IDE. 
M. A. DE WOLFE Howt. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 9 

These resolutions were adopted and the Rev. Dr. Hawks, then filling the 
office of Historiographer of the American Church, was added to the 
Committee, which was continued and charged with the duty of securing 
the end desired. Efforts to secure the early issue of the reprint followed ; 
and in the year 1861 the first volume of the proposed series appeared, 
edited by Dr. Hawks and the editor of the present edition. The attention 
of the public was diverted from this enterprise by the breaking out of the 
Civil War almost immediately after the issue of the first volume. The 
failure of the publisher, the apathy of subscribers and the general engross 
ment in other matters, caused the abandonment of the project, and fears 
were felt that for many years, at least, the work could not be accomplished. 

A report of the Joint Committee to the Convention of 1862, detailing 
the hindrances to success which had arisen, will be found on pp. 266-270 
of the Journal of that year. In 1865, (vide Journal pp. 112, 203, 206,) 
a further report appeared, and the work of the Committee was again com 
mended to the attention and support of the Church. In 1865, (vide Jour 
nal, pp. 113, 114, 244,) the Secretary of the Joint Committee reported that 
the volume which had been issued, in 1861, had become out of print, and 
the Convention, seeking the continuance of the series, committed the con 
duct and progress of the work to the surviving Editor, in whose hands the 
plates of the first volume were placed by vote of both Houses. 

In 1871, (vide Journal pp. 194, 195, 354, 355,) the Committee reported : 

"That an effort is now on foot which, if it meets with the support it 
deserves, will secure the accomplishment of the end desired in the appoint 
ment of the Committee. They therefore commend to the attention and 
patronage of the members of the Church the proposed republication of the 
Journals of the first half- century of our ecclesiastical legislation, which, 
with the volume of documents and unpublished MSS. from the archives 
of the Church, which is to be issued in connection with this reprint, will 
place within the reach of every inquirer the facts of our history, and the 
opinions of those whose exertions secured, under God, our independence, 
and our present organization." 

The work now accomplished after the failure of efforts reaching back 
for nearly forty years, needs but little explanation or comment. The 
original editions of our Journals, as collected and corrected by the vener 
able Bishop White, have been constantly consulted and compared with 
the edition issued by John Bioren in 1817 under the editorship of the 
same revered prelate. The text thus collated is confidently offered as 
authoritative, and, it is believed, few errors of the press have escaped the 
painstaking care which has been bestowed by the proof reader and the 
editor in securing this end. 

Besides a complete index of the three volumes, the third volume will 
contain a collection of important documents illustrating the formative 



10 REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

period of our independent Church history. These papers, selected from a 
mass of MS. documents in the archives of the General Convention were, 
in part, gathered together and arranged by the late Francis Lister Hawks, 
D.D. LL.D., clarum et venerabile nomen, and their selection was mainly 
made by the present editor under the advice, and with the approval of 
his late instructor and friend. It is with grateful memory of hours of 
mutual investigation and study of this portion of our Church Annals, 
that the editor records, in connection with the issue of thia reprint, his 
obligations to one whose name the American Church may not wisely suf 
fer to pass from remembrance. To the Rev. Dr. Hawks the American 
Church will ever owe the means for the elucidation of her colonial and 
her constitutional history up to the period of his too early death. And 
now that he has passed away from earth, it is to his sacred memory that 
these volumes, undertaken with his encouragement and advice, and attest 
ing on every page his interest and care, are most affectionately and rever 
ently inscribed. 
Saint John Baptist's Day, 1874. 

TBIHITY EECTOET, Geneva, N. Y. 



EXPLANATORY PREFACE TO THE EDITION 

OF 1817. 



IN the ensuing volume there are contained all the Journals 
of the General Conventions of " The Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America," from the begin 
ning of its organization to the present time including a 
space of thirty years. 

The increasing difficulty of possessing sets of these docu 
ments, induced the House of Bishops, at the General Con 
vention held in the month of April, 1814, with the approba 
tion of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to author 
ise the present publication by the Subscriber, as may be seen 
on their Journal of Thursday, May 19, 1814. Reference to 
former transactions being occasionally necessary, not only to 
account for existing regulations, but for the explaining of 
them, it must be perceived that there was great occasion for 
the measure adopted. It may be considered as expedient, were 
no other object in view than the preparing of materials which 
may in future interest the curiosity of the members of this 
Church. 

As the first of the Journals refers to certain proposals, is 
sued by sundry clergymen and laymen, 'assembled in the city 
of New York, in the month of October of the preceding 
year ; and as the Journal states those proposals to have been 
acted on, without a repetition of their contents, the Subscriber 
finds himself called on to give the following narrative. 

In pursuance of preceding correspondence, there assem 
bled some of the Clergy of New York, of New Jersey, and 
of Pennsylvania, in the city of New Brunswick, New Jer 
sey, in May, 1784; and there being a few respectable lay 
members of the Church attending on public business in the 
same city, their presence was desired. The immediate object 
of the meeting, was the revival of a charitable corporation 
which had existed before the Revolution, clothed with cor 
porate powers, under the government of each of the said 
three provinces. The opportunity was improved by the 



12 EXPLANATORY PREFACE. 

Clergy from Pennsylvania, of communicating certain mea 
sures recently adopted in that State, tending to the organ 
izing of the Church throughout the Union. The result was, 
the inviting of a more general meeting in the ensuing Octo 
ber, at the city of New York ; that being the time and place 
wherein, according to the charter of the above-mentioned 
corporation, their next meeting should be held. It was ac 
cordingly held for the revival of the corporation. And there 
appeared Deputies, not only from the said three States, but 
also from others, with the view of consulting on the existing 
exigency of the Church. The greater number of these De 
puties were not vested with powers for the binding of their 
constituents ; and therefore, although they called themselves 
a Convention, in the lax sense in which the word had before 
been used, yet they were not an organized body. They did 
not consider themselves as such; and their only act was, the 
issuing of a recommendation to the churches in the several 
States, to unite under a few articles to be considered as fun 
damental. These are the articles referred to, but not printed 
in the first Journal ; and therefore are now inserted in a 
note to this preface. 

WM. WHITE, 

BISHOP OP THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 
IN THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



THE ARTICLES REFERRED TO ARE AS FOLLOW. 

I. That there shall be a General Convention of the Epis 
copal Church in the United States of America. 

II. That the Episcopal Church in each State send Depu 
ties to the Convention, consisting of Clergy and Laity. 

III. That associated congregations in two or more States 
may send Deputies jointly. 

IV. That the said Church shall maintain the doctrines of 
the Gospel as now held by the Church of England ; and shall 
adhere to the Liturgy of the said Church, as far as shall be 
consistent with the American Revolution and the Constitu 
tions of the respective States. 

V. That in every State where there shall be a Bishop duly 
consecrated and settled, he shall be considered as a member 
of the Convention ex officio. 



EXPLANATORY PREFACE. 13 

VI. That the Clergy and Laity assembled in Convention 
shall deliberate in one body, but shall vote separately. And 
the concurrence of both shall be necessary to give validity to 
every measure. 

VII. That the first meeting of the Convention shall be 
at Philadelphia, the Tuesday before the Feast of St. Michael 
next; to which it is hoped and earnestly desired that the 
Episcopal churches in the respective States, will send their 
clerical and lay deputies, duly instructed and authorized to 
proceed on the necessary business herein proposed for their 
deliberation. 



JOURNAL OP A CONVENTION 



]Profpsfanf ^pisropl (J^urrlj, 



New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia, and South Carolina, 



EELD IN 



CHRIST CHURCH, PHILADELPHIA, 



SEPTEMBER 27 TO OCTOBER 7, 1735. 



(14) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION. 



FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 

The Rev. Samuel Provost, A.M., Rector of Trinity Church, New York. 
^The Hon. James Duane, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, A.M., Rector of Christ Church, New Bruns 
wick. 

The Rev. Uzall Ogden, Rector of Christ Church, Sussex. 
Patrick Dennis, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. William White, D.D., Rector of Christ Church and St. Peter's, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, A.M, Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peters, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, A.M., Rector of St. James's Church, Lan 
caster. 

The Rev. John Campbell, A.M., Rector of York and Huntingdon. 

Richard Peters, Esq. 

Jasper Yates, Esq. 

Stephen Chambers, Esq. 

Samuel Powell, Esq. 

Thomas Hartley, Esq. 

Edward Shippen, Esq. 

John Clark, Esq. 

William Atlee, Esq. 

Mr. Andrew Doz. 

Mr. Edward Duffield. 

Mr. Joseph Swift. 

Mr. Nicholas Jones. 

Mr. John Wood. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, Rector of Emanuel Church, New Castle. 
The Hon. Thomas Duff, Esq. 

(15) 



16 LIST OF THE MEMBERS. [1785. 

James Sykes, Esq. 
Mr. John Reece. 
Mr. Joseph Tatlow. 
Mr. Alexander Reynolds. 
Mr. Robert Clay. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D., Principal of Washington College, and 

Rector of Chester Parish. 

The Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., Rector of Dorchester Parish. 
The Rev. William West, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's, Baltimore Town. 
The Rev. John Andrews, D.D., late Rector of St. Thomas's, Baltimore, 

and now Principal of the Academy of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 

Philadelphia. 

The Rev. James Jones Wilmer, Rector of St. George's, Harford County. 
Dr. Thomas Cradock. 
Mr. Joseph Couden. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. David Griffith, Rector of Fairfax Parish. 
John Page, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Henry Purcell, D.D., Rector of St. Michael's, Charleston 
The Hon. Jacob Read, Esq. 
The Hon. Charles Pinckney, Esq. 



JOURNAL. 




TUESDAY, 27th of September, 1785. 
and Lay Deputies from several of the 
^ States assembled; and judging it proper to wait the 
<j arrival of the Deputies from the other States, 
Adjourned until to-morrow at 10 o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, 28th of September, 1785. 

The Convention met according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Dr. Keene, by desire, read prayers. 

The Rev. David Griffith was unanimously chosen Secre 
tary. 

On motion, Resolved, That a President be now chosen 
by ballot, and that each State have on6 vote ; which being 
done, and the ballots counted, it appeared that the Rev. 
William White, D.D., was unanimously chosen. 

Ordered, that the Deputies from the several States produce 
"the testimonials of their appointment; which being done, 
and the testimonials read, 

Resolved, That the testimonials produced from the Church 
in the several States, viz., in New York, New Jersey, Penn 
sylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and South Caro 
lina are satisfactory. 

The Resolutions of a Convention of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church, held in the city of New York, on the 6th and 
7th days of October, 1784, were read. 

Ordered, that the same lie on the table. 

Adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

WEDNESDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 
The Convention met, according to -adjournment. 
2 (17) 



13 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

Ordered, that the proceedings of a former Convention at 
New York be again read ; which being done, and the different 
articles considered, 

Resolved, That the first, second, and third articles pro 
posed as fundamental by the said Convention, are approved 
of. 

The fourth article being read, it was, on motion, Resolved, 
That a Committee be appointed, consisting of one clerical 
and one lay deputy from the Church in each State, to con 
sider of and report such alterations in the Liturgy, as shall 
render it consistent with the American Revolution and the 
Constitutions of the respective States: and such further al 
terations in the Liturgy as it may be advisable for this Con 
vention to recommend to the consideration of the Church 
here represented. 

Resolved, That the fifth, sixth, and seventh of the afore 
said articles proposed as fundamental are approved of; the 
sixth article being first explained and understood, as mean 
ing that the Deputies are to vote according to the States 
from which they come, and not individually. 

Resolved, That a Committee, to be composed as afore 
said, prepare and report a draft of an Ecclesiastical Consti 
tution for the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America. 

A Committee was appointed accordingly: viz., the Rev. 
Mr. Provost and the Hon. Mr. Duane for New York ; the 
Rev. Mr. Beach and Mr. Dennis for New Jersey ; the Rev. 
Dr. White and Mr. Peters for Pennsylvania^ the Rev. Dr. 
Wharton and Mr. Sykes for Delaware ; the Rev. Dr. Smith 
and Dr. Cradock for Maryland; the Rev. Mr. Griffith and* 
Mr. Page for Virginia ; and the Rev. Dr. Purcell and the 
Hon. Mr. Read for South Carolina. 

Resolved, That the preparing the necessary and pro 
posed alterations in the Liturgy be referred to the same 
Committee. 

The Convention adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



' THURSDAY, 29th of September, 1785. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Dr. Magaw read prayers. 



1785.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 19 

Resolved, That a person be appointed to assist the Secre 
tary, and to officiate in his stead when he shall be employed 
in the business of the Committee; and Mr. Clarke was ap 
pointed accordingly. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, as Chairman of the Committee for 
revising and altering the Liturgy, etc., reported that the 
Committee had made some progress in the business referred 
to them, but not having completed the same, desired leave to 
sit again; which being agreed to, 

The Convention adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, 30th of September, 1785. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Mr. Provost read prayers. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Committee for revising 
and altering the Liturgy, etc., do also prepare and report a 
plan for obtaining the consecration of Bishops, together with 
an address to the Most Reverend the Archbishops and the 
Right Reverend the Bishops of the Church of England for 
that purpose. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith from the Committee for revising, etc., 
reported that they had made further progress in the business 
referred to them, but not having finished the same, desired 
leave to sit again, which was agreed to. 

The Convention adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, 1st of October, 1785. 

The Convention met according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Dr. Smith read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith from the Committee for revising, etc., 
reported that they had prepared a draft of the alterations to be 
made in the Liturgy ; and that they had also prepared a draft 
of a general Ecclesiastical Constitution, which he was ready 
to report. 

Ordered, that the same be now received ; which being done 
and the Report read, 

Ordered, that the said Report lie on the table for the pe 
rusal of the members. 



20 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, from the same Committee, reported, 
that they have had under consideration the further altera 
tions to be proposed in the Liturgy, and were ready to report 
in part. 

Ordered, that the Report be now received and read ; which 
being done, 

Ordered, that the Report last read lie on the table. 

Ordered, that so much of the revised Liturgy as respects 
the American Revolution and the Constitutions of the States, 
be again read, and considered by paragraphs; which being 
done, 

Ordered, that the alterations in the Liturgy to be proposed 
to the Church be again read, and considered by paragraphs : 
which being done in part, 

The Convention adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

SATURDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the Report from the Committee be resumed, 
and the remainder of it read and considered by paragraphs ; 
which being done, 

The Convention adjourned to 10 o'clock on Monday. 



MONDAY, 3d of October, 1785. 

The Convention met according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Dr. West read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, from the Committee for revising, etc., 
reported that they had made further progress in the business 
referred to them, and were ready to report. 

Ordered, that the Report be now received, and that the 
same be read and considered by paragraphs; which having 
been done in part, 

The Convention adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

MONDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the Report of the Committee for revising, 
etc., be resumed, which was accordingly done ; and the Con 
vention having made further progress therein, 

Adjourned to ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 



1785.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 21 

TUESDAY, 4th of October, 1785. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Mr. Ogden read prayers. 

Ordered, that clerks be employed to transcribe, under di 
rection of the chairman of the Committee for revising, etc., 
all the alterations proposed, and other matters agreed on by 
the Convention. 

Ordered, that the draft of an Ecclesiastical Constitution 
be read and considered by paragraphs, which was done ; and 
the Convention having made some progress therein, 

Adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

TUESDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The Convention met, pursuant to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the consideration of the general Ecclesias 
tical Constitution be resumed, and that the same be read and 
considered by paragraphs ; which being done, and the blanks 
filled up, was agreed to, and is as follows, viz. : 

A GENERAL ECCLESIASTICAL CONSTITUTION OF THE PRO 
TESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES 
OF AMERICA. 

Whereas, in the course of Divine Providence, the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America is become independent of all 
foreign authority, civil and ecclesiastical : < 

And whereas, at a meeting of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the said 
Church, in sundry of the said States, viz., in the States of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela 
ware, and Maryland, held in the city of New York on the 6th and 7th 
days of October, in the year of our Lord, 1784, it was recommended to 
this Church in the said States represented as aforesaid, and proposed to this 
Church in the States not represented, that they should send Deputies to a 
Convention to be held in the city of Philadelphia, on the Tuesday before 
the Feast of St. Michael in this present year, in order to unite in a Con 
stitution of ecclesiastical government, agreeably to certain fundamental 
principles, expressed in the said recommendation and proposal: 

And whereas, in consequence of the said recommendation and proposal, 
Clerical and Lay Deputies have been duly appointed from the said Church 
in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary 
land, Virginia, and South Carolina: 

The said Deputies being now assembled, and taking into consideration 
the importance of maintaining uniformity in doctrine, discipline and wor 
ship in the said Church, do hereby determine, and declare, 

I. That there shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America, which shall be held in the 



22 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

city of Philadelphia on the third Tuesday in June, in the year of our Lord 
1786, and for ever after once in three years, on the third Tuesday of June, 
in such place as shall be determined by the Convention ; and special meet 
ings may be held at such other times and in such place as shall be here 
after provided for; and this Church, in a majority of the States aforesaid, 
shall be represented before they proceed to business ; except that the re 
presentation of this Church from two States shall be sufficient to adjourn; 
and in all business of the Convention freedom of debate shall be al 
lowed. 

II. There shall be a representation of both Clergy and Laity of the 
Church in each State, which shall consist of one or more Deputies, not ex 
ceeding four.of each Order; and in all questions, the said Church in each 
State shall have one vote ; and a majority of suffrages shall be conclusive. 

III. In the said Church in every State represented in this Convention, 
there shall be a Convention consisting of the Clergy and Lay Deputies of 
the congregation. 

IV. "The Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacra- 
inents.anft other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the 
use of the Church of England," shall be continued to be used by this 
Church, as the same is altered by this Convention, in a certain instrument 
of writing passed by their authority, entituled, "Alterations of the Liturgy 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in 
order to render the same conformable to the American Revolution and the 
Constitutions of the respective States." 

V. In every State where there shall be a Bishop duly consecrated and 
settled, and who shall have acceded to the articles of this General Eccle 
siastical Constitution, he shall be considered as a member of the Conven 
tion ex officio. 

VI. The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall be chosen agreeably to 
such rules as shall be fixed by the respective Conventions ; and every 
Bishop of this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal office to 
his proper jurisdiction, unless requested to ordain or confirm by any 
church destitute of a Bishop. 

VII. A Protestant Episcopal Church in any of the United States not 
now represented, may at any time hereafter be admitted, on acceding to 
the articles of this union. 

VIII. Every clergyman, whether bishop, or presbyter, or deacon, shall 
be amenable to the authority of the Convention in the State to which he 
belongs, so far as relates to suspension or removal from office; and the 
Convention in each State shall institute rules for their conduct, and an 
equitable mode of trial. 

IX. And whereas it is represented to this Convention to be the desire 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these States, that there may be 
further alterations of the Liturgy than such as are made necessary by the 
American Revolution ; therefore the " Book of Common Prayer and Ad 
ministration of the Sacraments and other Rites and Ceremonies of the 
Church, according to the use of the Church of England," as altered by an 
instrument of writing passed under the authority of this Convention, en 
tituled " Alterations in the Book of Common Prayer and Administration 
of the Sacraments and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, accord 
ing to the use of the Church of England, proposed and recommended to 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America," shall 
be used in this Church when the same shall have been ratified by the 



1785.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 23 

Conventions which have respectively sent Deputies to this General Con 
vention. 

X. No person shall be ordained or permitted to officiate as a minister 
in this Church, until he shall have subscribed the following declaration : 
" I do believe the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the 
word of God, and to contain all things necessary to salvation ; and I do 
solemnly engage to conform to the doctrines and worship of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, as settled and determined in the Book of Common 
Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, set forth by the General 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these United States." 

XI. This General Ecclesiastical Constitution, when ratified by the 
Church in the different States, shall be considered as fundamental, and 
shall be unalterable by the Convention of the Church in any State. 

The Hon. Mr. Duane, from the Committee for revising, 
etc., reported that they had, according to order, prepared a 
plan for obtaining the consecration of Bishops, and a draft 
of an address to the Most Reverend the Archbishops and the 
Bight Reverend the Bishops of the Church of England, and 
were ready to report the same. 

Ordered that the plan and draft now offered be received ; 
which being done, and the same twice read and considered 
by paragraphs, was ordered to be transcribed. 

The Convention then adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 5th October, 1785. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment; and the 
Rev. Mr. Provost read prayers. 

Ordered, that the transcribed copy of the "Alterations 
in the Liturgy, to render it consistent with the American 
Revolution and the Constitutions of the respective States," 
be read and considered by paragraphs ; which being done, 

Resolved, That the Liturgy shall be used in this Church 
as accommodated to the Revolution, agreeably to the altera 
tions now approved of and ratified by this Convention.* 

On motion, Resolved, That the Fourth of July shall be 
observed by this Church for ever, as a day of thanksgiving 
to Almighty God for the inestimable blessings of religious 
and civil liberty vouchsafed to the United States of America. 

On motion, Resolved, That the first Tuesday in Novem- 

* Neither these, nor the other alterations afterwards proposed, are 
printed in the Journal, as they will appear in the Book of Common 
Prayer, now in the pre?s.-[Nole in original edition.] 



24 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

ber in every year for ever, shall be observed by this Church 
as a day of general thanksgiving to Almighty God for the 
fruits of the earth, and for all the other blessings of his 
merciful providence. 

Ordered, that a Committee be appointed to prepare a Form 
of Prayer and Thanksgiving for the Fourth of July ; and a 
Committee was accordingly appointed, viz., the Rev. Dr. 
Smith, the Rev. Dr. Magaw, the Rev. Dr. Wharton, and the 
Rev. Mr. Campbell. 

Ordered, that the alterations in the Liturgy to be proposed 
to this Church, be read and considered by paragraphs ; and 
the Convention made some progress therein. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, from the Committee to prepare a 
Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving for the Fourth of July, 
reported that they had prepared the same. 

Ordered, that it be now received and read. 

Ordered, that the said Report be read and considered 
by paragraphs; which being done, 

Resolved, That the said form of prayer be used in this 
Church, on the fourth of July, for ever. 

Then the Convention adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

WEDNESDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The Convention met according to adjournment. 

Ordered, that the consideration of the proposed altera 
tions in the Liturgy be resumed. 

Ordered, that the same be again read and considered by 
paragraphs ; which being done, and the alterations agreed to, 

Resolved, That the said alterations be proposed and re 
commended to the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the States 
from which there are deputies to this Convention. 

Ordered, that the alterations made in the articles be again 
read; which being done, 

Ordered that the same be read and considered by para 
graphs; which being done, and some time spent thereon, 

Resolved, That the Articles, as now altered, be recom 
mended to this Church, to be by them adopted in the next 
General Convention. 

Ordered, that the plan for obtaining Consecration, and the 
address to the Archbishops and Bishops of the Church of 
England, be again read; which being done, the same was 
agreed to, and are as follow : 



1785,] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 25 

I. That this Convention address the Archbishops and Bi 
shops of the Church of England, requesting them to confer 
the Episcopal character on such persons as shall be chosen 
and recommended to them for that purpose from the Conven 
tions of this Church in the respective States. 

II. That it be recommended to the said Conventions that 
they elect persons for this purpose. 

III. That it be further recommended to the different Con 
ventions, at their next respective sessions, to appoint com 
mittees, with powers to correspond with the English bishops, 
for the carrying of these resolutions into effect; and that 
until such committees shall be appointed, they be requested 
to direct any communications which they may be pleased to 
make on this subject, to the committee, consisting of the 
Rev. Dr. White, President , the Rev. Dr. Smith, the Rev. 
Mr. Provost, the Hon. James Duane, and Samuel Powell and 
Richard Peters, Esquires. 

IV. That it be further recommended to the different Con 
ventions, that they pay especial attention to the making it 
appear to their Lordships, that the persons who shall be sent 
to them for consecration are desired in the character of 
Bishops, as well by the Laity as by the Clergy of this Church 
in the said States, respectively ; and that they will be receiv 
ed by them in that character on their return. 

V. And in order to assure their Lordships of the legality 
of the present proposed application, that 'the Deputies now 
assembled be desired to make a respectful address to the 
civil rulers of the States in which they respectively reside, 
to certify that the said application is not contrary to the 
Constitutions and laws of the same. 

VI. And whereas the Bishops of this Church will not be 
entitled to any of such temporal honors as are due to the 
Archbishops and Bishops of the parent Church, in quality 
of Lords of Parliament; and whereas the reputation and 
usefulness of our Bishops will considerably depend on their 
taking no higher titles or stile than will be due to their spir 
itual employments ; that it be recommended to this Church, 
in the States here represented, to provide that their respec 
tive Bishops may be called " The Right Rev. A. B., Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in C. D.," and, as 
Bishop, may have no other title, and may not use any such 
stile as is usually descriptive of temporal power and prece 
dency. 



26 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

TO THE MOST REVEREND AND RIGHT REVEREND THE 
ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY AND YORK, AND THE 
BISHOPS OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 

We the Clerical and Lay Deputies of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in sundry of the United States of America, think it our duty to address 
your Lordships on a subject deeply interesting, not only to ourselves and 
those whom we represent, but, as we conceive, to the common cause of 
Christianity. 

Our forefathers, when they left the land of their nativity, did not leave 
the bosom of that Church over which your Lordships now preside ; but, 
as well from a veneration for Episcopal government, as from an attach 
ment to the admirable services of our Liturgy, continued in willing con 
nection with their ecclesiastical superiors in England, and were subjected 
to many local inconveniences, rather than break the unity of the Church 
to which they belonged. 

When it pleased the Supreme Ruler of the universe, that this part of 
the British empire should be free, sovereign, and independent, it became 
the most important concern of the members of our Communion to pro 
vide for its continuance. And while, in accomplishing of this, they kept 
in view that wise and liberal part of the system of the Church of England 
which excludes as well the claiming as the acknowledging of such spirit 
ual subjection as may be inconsistent with the civil duties of her children ; 
it was nevertheless their earnest desire and resolution to retain the vene 
rable form of Episcopal government handed down to them, as they con 
ceive, from the time of the Apostles, and endeared to them by the remem 
brance of the holy Bishops of the primitive Church, of the blessed Mar 
tyrs who reformed the doctrine and worship of the Church of England, 
and of the many great and pious Prelates who have adorned that Church 
in every succeeding age. But however general the desire of compleatiug 
the Orders of our Ministry, so diffused and unconnected were the mem 
bers of our Communion over this extensive country, that much time and 
negociation were necessary for the forming a representative body of the 
greater number of Episcopalians in these States ; and owing to the same 
causes, it was not until this Convention that sufficient powers could be 
procured for the addressing your Lordships on this subject. 

The petition which we offer to your Venerable Body is, that from a 
tender regard to the religious interests of thousands in this rising empire, 
professing the same religious principles with the Church of England, you 
will be pleased to confer the Episcopal character on such pe'rsons as shall 
be recommended by this Church in the several States here represented 
full satisfaction being given of the sufficiency of the persons recommend 
ed, and of its being the intention of the general body of the Episcopalians 
iii the said States respectively, to receive them in the quality of Bishops. 

Whether this our request will meet with insurmountable impediments, 
from the political regulations of the kingdom in which your Lordships fill 
such distinguished stations, it is not for us to foresee. We have not been 
ascertained that any such will exist; and are humbly of opinion, that as 
citizens of these States, interested in their prosperity, and religiously re 
garding the allegiance which we owe them, it is to an ecclesiastical source 
only we can apply in the present exigency. 

It may be of consequence to observe, that in these States there is a 
separation between the concerns of policy and those of religion ; that, ac- 



1785.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 27 

cordingly, our civil rulers cannot officially join in the present application ; 
that, however, we are far from apprehending the opposition or even dis 
pleasure of any of those honorable personages ; and finally, that in this 
business we are justified by the Constitutions of the States, which are the 
foundations and controul of all our laws. On this point we beg leave to 
refer to the enclosed extracts from the Constitutions of the respective 
States of which we are citizens, and we flatter ourselves that they must be 
satisfactory. 

Thus, we have stated to your Lordships the nature and the grounds of 
our application ; which we have thought it most respectful and most' suit 
able to the magnitude of the object, to address to your Lordships for your 
deliberation before any person is sent over to carry them into effect. What 
ever may be the event, no time will efface the remembrance of the past 
services of your Lordships and your predecessors. The Archbishops of 
Canterbury were not prevented, even by the weighty concerns of their high 
stations, from attending to the interests of this distant branch of the 
Church under their care. The Bishops of London were our Diocesans; 
ind the uninterrupted although voluntary submission of our congregations, 
will remain a perpetual proof of their mild and paternal government. All 
the Bishops of England, with other distinguished characters, as well ec 
clesiastical as civil, have concurred in forming and carrying on the bene 
volent views of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts : a Society to whom, under God, the prosperity of our Church is in 
an eminent degree to be ascribed. It is our earnest wish to be permitted 
to make, through your Lordships, this just acknowledgment to that vener 
able Society ; a tribute of gratitude which we the rather take this oppor 
tunity of paying, as while they thought it necessary to withdraw their pe 
cuniary assistance from our Ministers, they have endeared their past fa 
vors by a benevolent declaration, that it is far from their thoughts- to alien 
ate their affection from their brethren now under another government 
with the pious wish, that their former exertions may tetill continue to bring 
forth the fruits they aimed at of pure religion and virtue. Our hearts are 
penetrated with the most lively gratitude by these generous sentiments ; 
the long succession of former benefits passes in review before us; we 
pray that our Church may be a lasting monument of the usefulness of so 
worthy a body ; and that her sons may never cease to be kindly affec- 
tioned to the members of that Church, the Fathers of which have so ten 
derly watched over her infancy. 

For your Lordships in particular, we most sincerely wish and pray, that 
you may long continue the ornaments of the Church of England, and 
at last receive the reward of the righteous from the great Shepherd and 
Bishop of souls. 

We are, with all the respect which is due to your exalted and venerable 
characters and stations, 

Your Lordships 

Most obedient and 

Most humble Servants, 
SIGNED BY THE CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES 

OF THE CONVENTION. 
IN CONVENTION: 
Christ Church, Philadelphia. 
October 5th, 1785. 



28 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1785. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to publish the 
Book of Common Prayer with the alterations, as well as 
those now ratified in order to render the Liturgy consistent 
with the American Revolution and the Constitutions of the 
respective States, as the alterations and new Offices recom 
mended to this Church ; and that the book be accompanied 
with a proper Preface or Address, setting forth the reason 
and expediency of the alterations; and that the Committee 
have the liberty to make verbal and grammatical corrections, 
but in such manner, as that nothing in form or substance be 
altered. 

The Committee appointed were the Rev. Dr. White (Pre 
sident), the Rev. Dr. Smith, and the Rev. Dr. Wharton. 

Ordered, that the said Committee be authorised to dispose 
of the copies of the Common Prayer when printed ; and that 
after defraying all expences incurred therein, they remit the 
nett profits to the Treasurers of the several Corporations and 
Societies for the relief of the widows and children of de 
ceased clergymen in the States represented in this Conven 
tion, the profits to be equally divided among the said socie 
ties and corporations. 

Resolved, That the same Committee be authorised to 
publish, with the Book of Common Prayer, such of the read 
ing and singing Psalms, and such a Kalendar of proper les 
sons for the different Sundays and Holy-days throughout the 
year, as they may think proper. 

Resolved, That the same Committee be authorised to 
publish the Journal of this Convention. 

Ordered, that the Journal and all the proceedings of the 
Convention be lodged in the hands of the President. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Wharton, hav 
ing preached a Sermon last Sunday, on the Duties of the Mi 
nisterial Office, highly satisfactory to this Convention and 
the whole audience, be requested to publish the same. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Smith be re 
quested to prepare and preach a Sermon suited to the solemn 
occasion of the present Convention on Friday next; and 
that the Service be then read, as proposed for future use. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention 
be given to the President, for his able and diligent discharge 
of the duties of his office. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this Conven 
tion be given to the Rev. Dr. Smith for his exemplary dili- 



1785.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 29 

gence 3 and the great assistance he has rendered this Conven 
tion as Chairman of the Committee, in perfecting the im 
portant business in which they have been engaged. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this Conven 
tion be given to the Rev. Mr. Griffith for his ability and dili 
gence in the discharge of his duty as Secretary. 

Then the members present of the Convention signed all 
the acts and instruments; and afterwards adjourned, to meet 
on Friday, 10 o'clock, at the Academy of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, in order to attend Divine Service and 
Sermon. 



FRIDAY, 7th October, 1785. 

The Convention met, according to adjournment, and at 
tended Divine Service in Christ Church ; when the Liturgy, 
as altered, was read by the Rev. Dr. White, and a suitable 
Sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Smith, after which the 
Convention adjourned, to meet this evening at 7 o'clock, at 
the Academy of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

FRIDAY EVENING, 7 o'clock. 
The Convention met, according to adjournment. 
On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this Conven 
tion be given to the Rev. Dr. Smith for his Sermon, preached 
this day before them, and that he be requested to publish the 
same. 

Resolved, That the President be requested to preach a\ 
the opening of the next Convention. 
The Convention then adjourned. 

Signed by order of the Convention : 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDENT. 
ATTEST: DAVID GRIFFITH, Secretary. 



JOURNAL OF A CONVENTION 



OF THE 



djpisrnp! 



IN THE STATES OF 



New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia, and South Carolina, 



HELD IN 



CHRIST CHURCH, PHILADELPHIA, 



FROM 



JUNE 20 TO JUNE 26, 1786. 



(31) 



LIST OF THE MEMBEKS OF THE CONTENTION 



FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 

The Rev. Samuel Provost. 
The Rev. Joshua Bloomer. 
The Hon. John Jay. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 
The Rev. Abraham Beach. 

The Rev. William Frazer. 
The Hon. David Brearley. 
James Parker, Esq. 
Matthias Halsted, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
The Rev. William White, D.D. 

The Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 
The Rev. Robert BlackwelL 

The Rev. Joseph Pilmore. 
The Hon. Francis Hopkinson. 
Plunket Fleeson, Esq. 
Samuel Powell, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Chas. H. Wharton, D.D., Rector of Emanuel Church, New Castle. 
The Rev. Sydenham Thome. 
Robert Clay, Esq. 
Nicholas Ridgeley, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

The Rev. William Smith, of Stepney Parish. 

3 (33) 



34 LIST OF THE MEMBERS. [1786. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. David Griffith. 
The Hon. Cyrus Griffin. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Robert Smith. 
Edward Mitchell Esq. 
The Hon. John Parker. 



JOURNAL. 




TUESDAY, 20th of June, 1786. 
and Lay Deputies from several of the 
^ States assembled; and judging it proper to wait for 
fj5 a fuller Convention before they entered on business, 
Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 21st of June, 1786. 

The Convention was opened with Divine Service, read by 
the Rev. Dr. Smith and the Rev. Mr. Griffith, and a Sermon 
on the occasion by the Rev. Dr. White. 

Ordered, that the members present exhibit the testimo 
nials of their respective appointments; which was done ac 
cordingly. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow. 



THURSDAY, 22d of June, 1786. 

The Convention met, and proceeded to tke election of a 
President and Secretary by ballot; when the Rev. David 
Griffith was duly elected President, and the Hon. Francis 
Hopkinson, Secretary of this Convention. 

Motion made by the Rev. Robert Smith, and seconded : 

That the Clergy present produce their Letters of Orders, 
or declare by whom they were ordained. 

Whereupon the previous question was moved by the Rev. 
Dr. Smith, and seconded by Rev. Dr. White, viz. : 

Whether this question shall now be put ? which being car 
ried in the affirmative, the main question was then proposed, 
and determined in the negative. 

(35) 



36 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

i 

On motion made and seconded, 

Ordered, that the letter from the Archbishops and Bishops 
of England, to this Convention, be now read; and it was 
read accordingly, in the words following: 

TO THE CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES OF THE PRO- 
TESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN SUNDRY OF THE 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury hath received an address, dated in Con 
vention, Christ Church, Philadelphia, October 5, 1785, from the Clerical 
and Lay Deputies of the Protestant Episcopal Church in sundry of the 
United States of America, directed to the Archbishops and Bishops of 
England, and requesting them to confer the Episcopal character on such 
persons as shall be recommended by the Episcopal Church in the several 
States by them represented. 

This brotherly and Christian address was communicated to the Arch 
bishop of York, and to the Bishops, with as much dispatch as their sepa 
rate and distant situations would permit, and hath been received and con 
sidered by them with that true and affectionate regard which they have 
always shown towards their Episcopal brethren in America. 

We are now enabled to assure you, that nothing is nearer to our hearts 
than the wish to promote your spiritual welfare, to be instrumental in pro 
curing for you the complete exercise of our holy religion, and the enjoy 
ment of that Ecclesiastical Constitution which we believe to be truly apos 
tolical, and for which you express so unreserved a veneration. 

We are therefore happy to be informed, that this pious design is not 
likely to receive any discountenance from the civil powers under which 
you live ; and we desire you to be persuaded, that we on our parts will use 
our best endeavors, which we have good reason to hope will be successful, 
to acquire a legal capacity of complying with the prayer of your address. 

With these sentiments, we are disposed to make every allowance which 
candour can suggest for the difficulties of your situation, but at the same 
time we cannot help being afraid, that, in the proceedings of your Con 
vention, some alterations may have been adopted or intended, which those 
difficulties do not seem to justify. 

Those alterations are not mentioned in your address : and, as our know 
ledge of them is n more than what has reached us through private and 
less certain channels, we hope you will think it just, both to you and to 
ourselves, if we wait for an explanation. 

For while we are anxious to give every proof, not only of our brotherly 
affection, but of our facility in forwarding your wishes, we cannot but be 
extremely cautious, lest we should be the instruments of establishing an 
Ecclesiastical system which will be called a branch of the Church of En 
gland, but afterwards may possibly appear to have departed from it es 
sentially, either in doctrine or in discipline. 

In the mean time, we heartily commend you to God's holy protection, 
and are, your affectionate brethren, 

J. ROCHESTER. T. CANTUAR. 

R. WORCESTER. W. EBOR. 

I. OXFORD. R. LONDON. 

I. EXETER. W. CHICHESTEK. 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 37 

THO. LINCOLN. C. BATH AND WELLS. 

JOHN BANGOR. S. St. ASAPH. 

I. LlTCHFIELD AND COVENTRY. S. SARUM. 

S. GLOUCESTER. J. PETERBOROUGH. 

E. ST. DAVIDS. JAMES ELY. 

CHR. BRISTOL. 
LONDON, February 24, 1786. 

Resolved, That this Convention entertain a grateful sense 
of the Christian affection and condescension manifested in 
this letter. And whereas it appears that the venerable Pre 
lates have heard, through private channels, that the Church 
here represented have adopted, or intended, such alterations 
as would be an essential deviation from the Church of En 
gland, this Convention trust that they shall be able to give 
such information to those venerable Prelates, as will satisfy 
them that no such alterations have been adopted or intended. 

Resolved, That a Committee be now appointed, to draft 
an answer to the letter of the Archbishops and Bishops of 
England. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Smith, the Rev. Dr. White, 
the Rev. Dr. Wharton, James Parker and Cyrus Griffin, 
Esquires, be the Committee for this purpose. 

A motion made by the Rev. Mr. Provost, and seconded by 
the Rev. Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, viz., 

That this Convention will resolve to do no act that shall 
imply the validity of ordinations made by Dr. Seabury. 

The previous question was moved by Dr. Smith, seconded 
by Dr. White, viz., 

Shall this question be now put? and carried in the affirma 
tive. The main question was then proposed and determined 
in the negative, as follows: 

New York, Aye; New Jersey, Aye; Pennsylvania, No; 
Delaware, No; Maryland, No; Virginia, No; South Caro 
lina, Aye. 

On motion made by Dr. White, and seconded by Mr. 
Smith, of South Carolina, 

Resolved unanimously, That it be recommended to this 
Church in the States here represented, not to receive to the 
pastoral charge, within their respective limits, Clergymen 
professing canonical subjection to any Bishop, in any State 
or country, other than those Bishops who may be duly set 
tled in the States represented in this Convention. 

Adjourned to ten o'clock to-morrow. 



8357 



38 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

FRIDAY, the 23d of June, 1786. 
The Convention met according to adjournment. 
On motion made by the Rev. Mr. Smith of South Caro 
lina, and seconded, it was unanimously 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Conventions of 
the Church, represented in this General Convention, not to 
admit any person as a Minister within their respective limits, 
who shall receive ordination from any Bishop residing in 
America, during the application now pending to the English 
Bishops for Episcopal consecration. 

The Journals of the late Convention, and the proposed 
Constitution of the Church, were read for the first time. 

Previous to a second reading, a Memorial from the Con 
vention of the Church in the State of New Jersey was pre 
sented, and sundry communications from the Conventions in 
the other States were made, relative to the business of this 
Convention. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the said Memorial and communications 
be referred to the first General Convention which shall as 
semble with sufficient powers to determine on the same; and 
that, in the mean time, they be lodged with the Secretary. 

The proposed Constitution was then taken up for a second 
reading, and debated by paragraphs. 

The Preamble, contained in three clauses or sections, was 
agreed to without alteration. 

Sect. I. " Of the Constitution." On motion by the Rev. 
Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, the triennial meetings of the 
General Convention were changed from the third Tuesday in 
June to the fourth Tuesday in July. 

Sect. II. After the words " of each Order," insert, 
"chosen by the Convention of each State." 

Sect. III. Agreed to. 

Sect. IV. Agreed to. 

Sect. V. From the words " this general Ecclesiastical Con 
stitution," dele the word "general," and insert the same be 
fore the word " Convention," in the next line, and the sen 
tence will run thus " he shall be considered as a member of 
the General Convention ex officio." 

On motion by Dr. White, seconded by Mr. Beach. After 
the words "ex officio," add "and a Bishop shall always 
preside in the General Convention, if any of the Episcopal 
Order be present." 

Sect. VI. Dele the words "by the respective Conventions," 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 39 

and insert " by the Convention of that State." After the 
words "to ordain or confirm," insert " or perform any other 
act of the Episcopal office." 

Sect. VII. Agreed to. 

Sect. VIII. On motion by Dr. White, seconded by the 
Rev. Mr. Beach. After the words "equitable mode of 
trial," add these words, "And at every trial of a Bishop, 
there shall be one or more of the Episcopal Order present; 
and none but a Bishop shall pronounce sentence of deposi 
tion or degradation from the Ministry on any Clergyman, 
whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon." 

Nicholas Ridgely, Esq., a Deputy from the State of Del 
aware, attended, and after producing the testimonials of his 
appointment, took his seat in Convention. 

Adjourned to 6 o'clock in the evening. 

FRIDAY EVENING. 

At 6 o'clock the Convention met. 

The Rev. Sydenham Thorne, a Deputy from the State of 
Delaware, exhibited his credentials, and took his seat in 
Convention. 

The debates on the Constitution were" renewed and con 
tinued. 

Sect. IX. Instead of the words, "to be the desire," in 
sert "to be the general desire." After the words, "there 
fore the," dele the whole subsequent part of the section, and 
in place thereof insert as follows : " Book of Common Prayer 
and Administration of Sacraments, and other Rites and Ce 
remonies, as revised and proposed to the use of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, at a Convention of the said Church, 
in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Del 
aware, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, may be used 
by this Church in such of the States as have adopted, or may 
adopt, the same in their particular Conventions, till further 
provision is made in this case, by the first General Conven 
tion which shall assemble with sufficient power to ratify a 
Book of Common Prayer for the Church in these States." 

Sect. X. Dele the whole of this section, and in place 
thereof insert as follows : 

"No person shall be ordained until due examination had 
by the Bishop and two Presbyters, and exhibiting testimo 
nials of his moral conduct for three years past, signed by the 
Minister and a majority of the Vestry of the Church where 



40 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786 

he last resided; or permitted to officiate as a Minister in 
this Church until he has exhibited his Letters of Ordination 
and subscribed the following declaration : ' I do believe the 
Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the 
word of God, and to contain all things necessary to salva 
tion : and I do solemnly engage to conform to the doctrines 
and worship of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these 
United States.' " 

Sect. XI. Dele the whole, and in place thereof insert as 
follows : 

" This Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States of America, when ratified by the Church 
in a majority of the States, assembled in General Convention, 
with sufficient power for the purpose of such ratification, 
shall be unalterable by the Convention of any particular 
State, which hath been represented at the time of said rati 
fication." 

From the title of the Constitution dele the word " Eccle 
siastical." 

The question being then put on the whole of the proposed 
Constitution, as now amended, the same was unanimously 
agreed to as follows. 

A GENERAL CONSTITUTION OF THE PROTESTANT EPIS 
COPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

Whereas, in the course of Divine Providence, the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America is become independent of all 
foreign authority, civil and ecclesiastical ; 

And whereas, at a meeting of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the said 
Church in sundry of the said States, viz., in the States of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela 
ware, and Maryland, held in the city of New York on the 6th and 7th days 
of October, in the year of our Lord 1784, it was recommended to this 
Church in the said States represented as aforesaid, and proposed to this 
Church in the States not represented, that they should send Deputies to a 
Convention to be held in the city of Philadephia, on the Tuesday before 
the Feast of St. Michael, in the year of our Lord 1785, in order to unite 
in a Constitution of Ecclesiastical government, agreeably to certain funda 
mental principles, expressed in the said recommendation and proposal; 

And whereas, in consequence of the said recommendation aud proposal, 
Clerical and Lay Deputies have been duly appointed from the said Church 
in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary 
land, Virginia, and South Carolina; 

The said Deputies being now assembled, and taking into consideration 
the importance of maintaining uniformity in doctrine, discipline and wor 
ship in the said Church, do hereby determine and declare : 



1786.] JOURNAL or THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 41 

I. That there shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, which shall be held in the city 
of Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday in June, in the year of our Lord, 
1786, and for ever after once in three years, on the fourth Tuesday in 
July, in such place as shall be determined by the Convention ; and special 
meetings may be held at such other times, and in such place, as shall be 
hereafter provided for. And this Church, in -a majority of the States afore 
said, shall be represented before they shall proceed to business, except that 
the representation of this Church from two States shall be sufficient to 
adjourn. And in all business of the Convention, freedom of debate shall 
be allowed. 

II. There shall be a representation of both Clergy and Laity of the 
Church in each State, which shall consist of one or more Deputies, not 
exceeding four, of each Order, chosen by the Convention of each State ; 
and in all questions the said Church in each State shall have but one vote, 
and a majority of suffrages shall be conclusive. 

III. In the said Church, in every State represented in this Convention, 
there shall be a Convention consisting of the Clergy and Lay Deputies of 
the congregations. 

IV. " The Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacra 
ments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the 
use of the Church of England," shall be continued to be used by this 
Church, as the same is altered by this Convention, in a certain instrument 
of writing passed by their authority, entituled, " Alterations of the Liturgy 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in 
order to render the same conformable to the American Revolution and 
the Constitutions of the respective States." 

V. In every State where there shall be a Bishop duly consecrated and 
settled, who shall have acceded to the articles of this Ecclesiastical Con 
stitution, he shall be considered as a member of the General Convention 
ex officio ; and a Bishop shall always preside in the General Convention, 
if any of the Episcopal Order be present. 

VI. The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall be chosen agreeably to 
such rules as shall be fixed by the Convention of that State; and every 
Bishop of this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal office to 
his proper jurisdiction, unless requested to ordain or confirm, or perform 
any other act of the Episcopal office, by any Church destitute of a Bishop. 

VII. A Protestant Episcopal Church, in any of the United States not 
now represented, may at any time hereafter be admitted, on acceding to 
the articles of this union. 

VIII. Every Clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon, shall 
be amenable to the authority of the Convention in the State to which he 
belongs, so far as relates to suspension or removal from office ; and the 
Convention in each State shall institute rules for their conduct, and an 
equitable mode of trial. And at every trial of a Bishop, there shall be 
one or more of the Episcopal Order present, and none but a Bishop shall 
pronounce sentence of deposition or degradation from the ministry on any 
Clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon. 

IX. And whereas it is represented to this Convention to be the general 
desire of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these States, that there may 
be further alterations of the Liturgy than such, as are made necessary by 
the American Revolution, therefore " The Book of Common Prayer and 
Administration of the Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies, as 



42 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

revised and proposed to the use of the Protestant Episcopal Church, at a 
Convention of the said Church in the States of New York, New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina," may 
be used by the Church in such of the States as have adopted, or may 
adopt, the same in their particular Conventions, till further provision is 
made, in this case, by the first General Convention which shall assemble 
with sufficient power to ratify a Book of Common Prayer for the Church 
in these States. 

X. No person shall be ordained, until due examination had by the 
Bishop and two Presbyters, and exhibiting testimonials of his moral con 
duct for three years past, signed by the Minister and a majority of the 
Vestry of the Church where he has last resided; or permitted to officiate 
as a Minister in this Church until he has exhibited his Letters of Ordina 
tion and subscribed the following declaration : " I do believe the Holy 
Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the word of God, and to 
contain all things necessary to our salvation ; and I do solemnly engage 
to conform to the doctrines and worship of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in these United States. 

XI. The Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America, when ratified by the Church in a majority of the 
States assembled in General Convention, with sufficient power for the pur 
pose of such ratification, shall be unalterable by the Convention of any 
particular State, which hath been represented at the time of such rati 
fication. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow. 



SATURDAY, 24th of June, 1786. 

The Convention met. 

The Committee appointed for that purpose, reported an 
answer to the letter from the Archbishops and Bishops of 
England. 

On motion by Mr. Halsted, 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Conventions of 
this Church, in the several States represented in this Con 
vention, that they authorise and empower their Deputies to 
the next General Convention, after we shall have obtained 
a Bishop or Bishops in our Church, to confirm and ratify 
a general Constitution, respecting both the doctrine and dis 
cipline of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this Conven 
tion be given to the Rev. Dr. White for his Sermon at the 
opening of this Convention, and that he be requested to have 
the same printed. 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 48 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be given 
to his Excellency John Adams, Minister Plenipotentiary of 
the United States at the Court of London; to the Hon. 
Richard Henry Lee, late President of Congress ; to the Hon. 
John Jay, Secretary for Foreign Affairs; and to Richard 
Peters, Esq., for their kind attention to the concerns of this 
Church, and that the President be desired to transmit the 
same. 

Resolved, That a Committee of Correspondence be ap 
pointed, and the following gentlemen were appointed accord 
ingly: The Rev. Mr. Griffith, President; Rev. Dr. Smith, 
Rev. Dr. White, Rev. Mr. Provost, Hon. John Jay, Hon. 
James Duane, Samuel Powell, Esq., and Francis Hopkinson, 
Esq. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. White, Dr. Magaw, Mr. 
Blackwell, and F. Hopkinson, Esq., be a Committee for pub 
lishing the Journals of this Convention. 

Adjourned, to meet at Christ Church to-morrow afternoon, 
immediately after Divine Service. 



SUNDAY AFTERNOON, 25th of June, 1786. 

The Convention met. 

The Hon. Mr. Jay, a Delegate from New York, attended, 
and took his seat in Convention. 

Some objections having been made to the draft of an an 
swer to the letter from the Archbishops and Bishops of En 
gland, the same was recommitted. 

On motion made and seconded, Mr. Jay and Mr. Hopkin 
son were added to this Committee. 

Adjourned to 11 o'clock to-morrow. 



MONDAY, 26th of June, 1786. 

The Convention met. 

The Committee reported a draft of an answer to the letter 
from the Archbishops and Bishops of England, which, being 
read and considered, was agreed to, and is as follows : 



44 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

TO THE MOST REVEREND AND RIGHT REVEREND FATHERS 
IN GOD, THE ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF THE 
CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 

Most Worthy and Venerable Prelates : 

We, the Clerical and Lay Deputies of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary 
land, Virginia, and South Carolina, have received the friendly and affec 
tionate letter which your Lordships did us the honour to write on the 24th 
day of February, and for which we request you to accept our sincere and 
grateful acknowledgments. 

It gives us pleasure to be assured, that the success of our application 
will probably meet with no greater obstacles than what have arisen from 
doubts respecting the extent of the alterations we have made and proposed ; 
and we are happy to learn, that as no political impediments oppose us 
here, those which at present exist in England may be removed. 

While doubts remain of our continuing to hold the same essential ar 
ticles of faith and discipline with the Church of England, we acknowledge 
the propriety of suspending a compliance with our request. 

We are unanimous and explicit in assuring your Lordships, that we 
neither have departed, nor propose to depart from the doctrines of your 
Church. We have retained the same discipline and forms of worship, as 
far as was consistent with our civil Constitutions ; and we have made no 
alterations or omissions in the Book of Common Prayer but such as that 
consideration prescribed, and such as were calculated to remove objections, 
which it appeared to us more conducive to union and general content to 
obviateithan to dispute. It is well known, that many great and pious men 
of the Church of England have long wished for a revision of the Liturgy, 
which it was deemed imprudent to hazard, lest it might become a prece 
dent for repeated and improper alterations. This is with us the proper 
season for such a revision. We are now settling and ordering the affairs 
of our Church, and if wisely done, we shall have reason to promise our 
selves all the advantages than can result from stability and union. 

We are anxious to complete our Episcopal system, by means of the 
Church of England. We esteem and prefer it, and with gratitude acknow 
ledge the patronage and favours for which, while connected, we have con 
stantly been indebted to that Church. These considerations, added to 
that of agreement in faith and worship, press us to repeat our former 
request, and to endeavour to remove your present hesitation, by send 
ing you our proposed Ecclesiastical Constitution and Book of Common 
Prayer. 

These documents, we trust, will afford a full answer to every question 
that can arise on the subject. We consider your Lordships' letter as very 
candid and kind. We repose full confidence in the assurance it gives ; and 
that confidence, together with the liberality and Catholicism of your ven 
erable body, leads us to flatter ourselves, that you will not disclaim a 
branch of your Church merely for having been, in your Lordships' opinion, 
if that should be the case, pruned rather more closely than its separatiou 
made absolutely necessary. 

We have only to add, that as our Church in sundry of these States have 
already proceeded to the election of persons to be sent for consecration, 
and others may soon proceed to the same, we pray to be favoured with as 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 45 

speedy an answer to this our second address, as in your great goodnesa 
you were pleased to give to our former one. 

We are, 
With great and sincere respect, 

Most worthy and venerable Prelates, 
Your obedient and 

Very humble servants, 
IN CONVENTION: 
Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
June 26, 1786. 



VIRGINIA .... 
NEW YORK . . . 

NEW JERSEY. . . 
PENNSYLVANIA 



DAVID GRIFFITH, President. 

CYRUS GRIFFIN. 

SAMUEL PROVOST, Rector of Trinity 

Church, New York. 
JOSHUA BLOOMER, Rector of Jamaica, 

Long Island. 
JOHN JAY. 
ABRAHAM BEACH, Rector of Christ 

Church, New Brunswick. 
JAMES PARKER. 
MATTHIAS HALSTED. 
WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., Rector of Christ 

Church and St. Peter's. 
SAMUEL MAGAW, D.D., Vice Provost of 

the University of Pennsylvania and 

Rector of St. Paul's. 
ROBERT BLACKWELL, Assistant Minister 

of Christ Church and St. Peter's. 
SAMUEL POWELL. 
FRANCIS HOPKINSON. 
SYDENHAM THORNE, Rector of Christ 

Church and St. Paul's. 
CHARLES H. WHARTON, D.D., Rector of 

Emanuel Church, New Castle. 
ROBERT CLAY. 
NICHOLAS RIDGELEY. 
WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., Principal of 

Washington College, and Rector of 

Chester Parish. [ish. 

WILLIAM SMITH, Rector of Stepney Par- 
ROBERT SMITH, Rector of St. Philip's 

Church, Charleston. 
JOHN PARKER. 

A fair copy of the above being engrossed and compared at 
the table, the same was signed by the Members present, and 
delivered to the Committee of Correspondence to be for 
warded to England. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Correspondence be em 
powered to call a General Convention whenever a majority 
of the said Committee shall think it necessary. 



DELAWARE . . . 



MARYLAND . 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



46 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

It was determined by ballot that Wilmington, in the State 
of Delaware, shall be the next place of meeting. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be given 
to the President, for his impartial and diligent discharge of 
the duties of his office. 

Resolved, That, the thanks of this Convention be given 
Francis Hopkinson, Esq., for his diligence in the discharge 
of his duty as Secretary. 

Resolved, That the President be requested to open the 
next Convention with a Sermon. 

The Convention adjourned sine die. 
Signed by order of the Convention, 

DAVID GRIFFITH, PRESIDENT. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



JOURNAL OF A CONVENTION 



OF THE 



f pofpsfanl ^pixropal (jljurrlj 

IN THE STATES OF . . 

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and 
South Carolina, 

HELD AT 

WILMINGTON, STATE OF DELAWAEE, 
OCTOBER IOTH AND HTH. 1786. 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION. 



FROM THE STATE OP NEW YORK. 



The Rev. Samuel Provost, D.D. 
The Hon. James Duane. 
John Rutherford, Esq. 



FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Uzal Ogden. 
The Rev. William Frazer. 
John Cox, Esq. 
Henry Waddel, Esq. 
Joshua Maddox Wallace, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. William White, D.D., Rector of Christ Church and St. Peter's, 

Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Robert Blackwell, A.M., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 

St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 
The Hon. Francis Hopkinson. 
Samuel Powell, Esq. 
Bernard Gilpin, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Chas. H. Wharton, D.D. 
The Rev. Sydenham Thome. 
Isaac Grantham, Esq. 
James Sykes, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Robert Smith. 
John Rutledge, Jun., Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

4 (49) 



JOURNAL. 




TUESDAY, October 10th, 1786. 
GRIFFITH, the President, not attending, the Sec 
retary was desired to take the Chair. 

A question was then agitated, whether this meeting 
is to be considered as a new Convention, or an adjournment 
of that lately held at Philadelphia. And it was unanimously 
determined that this shall be considered' as an adjourned 
Convention. 

On motion, it was agreed that the Rev. Dr. Magaw be re 
quested to preach the Convention Sermon to-morrow, in case 
I)r. Griffith, who was appointed to that service, should not 
come in time. 

On motion, the letters received, since the last meeting, 
from the Archbishops of England, with the forms of testi 
monials, and Act of Parliament, enclosed and referred to, 
be now read, and they were read accordingly, in the words 
following. 

TO THE COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION AT 
PHILADELPHIA, THE REV. DR. WHITE, PRESIDENT, THE 
REV. DR. SMITH, THE REV. MR. PROVOST, THE HON. 
JAMES DUANE, SAMUEL POWEL, AND RICHARD PETERS, 
ESQRS. 

MB. PRESIDENT AND GENTLEMEN: 

Influenced by the same sentiments of fraternal regard expressed by 
the Archbishops and Bishops in their answer to your address, we desire 
you to be persuaded, that if we have not yet been able to comply with 
your request, the delay has proceeded from no tardiness on our part. The 
only cause of it has been the uncertainty in which we were left by receiv 
ing your address, unaccompanied by those communications with regard 
to your Liturgy, Articles and Ecclesiastical Constitution, without the know 
ledge of which we could not presume to apply to the Legislature for such 
powers as were necessary to the completion of your wishes. The Journal 
of your Convention, and the first part of your Liturgy, did not reach us 

(51) 



52 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786 

till more than two months after our receipt of your address ; and we were 
not in possession of the remaining part of it, and of your articles, till 
the last day of April. The whole of your communications was then, with 
as little delay as possible, taken into consideration at a meeting of the 
Archbishops and fifteen of the Bishops, being all who were then in Lon 
don and able to attend ; and it was impossible not to observe with concern, 
that if the essential doctrines of our common faith were retained, less re 
spect, however, was paid to our Liturgy than its own excellence, and your 
declared attachment to it, had led us to expect: not to mention a variety 
of verbal alterations, of the necessity or propriety of which we are by no 
means satisfied, we saw with grief, that two of the Confessions of our 
Christian faith, respectable for their antiquity, have been intirely laid aside ; 
and that even in that which is called the Apostles Creed, an article is omit 
ted which was thought necessary to be inserted, with a view to a particular 
heresy, in a very early age of the Church, and has ever since had the ven 
erable sanction of universal reception. Nevertheless, aa a proof of the 
sincere desire which we feel to continue in spiritual communion with the 
members of your Church in America, and to complete the Orders of your 
Ministry, ana trusting that the communications which we shall make to 
you, on the subject of these and some other alterations, will have their de 
sired effect, we have, even under these circumstances, prepared a Bill for 
conveying to us the powers necessary for this purpose. It will in a few days 
be presented to Parliament, and we have the best reasons to hope that it 
will receive the assent of the Legislature. This Bill will enable the Arch 
bishops and Bishops to give Episcopal Consecration to the persons who 
shall be recommended, without requiring from them any oaths or sub 
scriptions inconsistent with the situation in which the late Revolution has 
placed them ; upon condition that the full satisfaction of the sufficiency of 
the persons recommended, which you offer to us in your address, be given 
to the Archbishops and Bishops. You will doubtless receive it as a mark 
both of our friendly disposition toward you, and of our desire to avoid all 
delay on this occasion, that we have taken this earliest opportunity of con 
veying to you this intelligence, and that we proceed (as supposing our 
selves invested with that power which for your sakes we have requested) 
to state to you particularly the several heads, upon which that satisfaction 
which you offer, will be accepted, and the mode in which it may be given. 
The anxiety which is shewn by the Church of England to prevent the in 
trusion of unqualified persons into even the inferior Offices of our Ministry, 
confirms our own sentiments, and points it out to be our duty, very ear 
nestly to require the most decisive proofs of the qualifications of those who 
may be offered for admission to that Order to which the superintendence 
of those offices is committed. At our several Ordinations of a Deacon 
and a Priest, the candidate submits himself to the examination of the 
Bishop as to his proficiency in learning; he gives the proper security of 
his soundness in the Faith by the subscriptions which are made previously 
necessary ; he is required to bring testimonials of his virtuous conversa 
tion during the three preceding years ; and that no mode of inquiry may 
be omitted,pnblick notice of his offering himself to be ordained is given in 
the Parish church where he resides or ministers, and the people are so 
lemnly called upon to declare.if they know any impediment, for the which 
he ought not to be admitted. At the time of Ordination, too, the same 
olemn call is made on the congregation then present. 

Examination, subscription, and testimonials are not indeed repeated at 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 53 

the consecration of an English bishop, because the person to be consecrated 
has added to the securities given at his former ordinations, that sanction 
which arises from his having constantly lived and exercised his ministry 
under the eyes and observation of his country. But the objects of our 
present consideration are very differently circumstanced ; their sufficiency 
in learning, the soundness of their faith, and the purity of their manners, 
are not matters of notoriety here; means, therefore, must be found to 
satisfy the Archbishop who consecrates, and the Bishops who present 
them, that, in the words of our Churc,h, " they be apt and meet for their 
learning and godiy conversation, to exercise their ministry duly to the 
honour of God and the edifying of his Church, and to be wholesome ex 
amples and patterns to the flock of Christ." 

With regard to the first qualification, sufficiency in good learning, we 
apprehend that the subjecting a person, who is to be admitted to the office 
of a Bishop in the Church, to that examination which is required previous 
to the ordination of Priests and Deacons, might lessen that reverend esti 
mation which ought never to be separated from the Episcopal character : 
we therefore do not require any farther satisfaction on this point, than will 
be given to us by the forms of testimonials in the annexed paper, fully 
trusting that those who sign them will be well aware, how greatly incom 
petence in this respect must lessen the weight and authority of the Bishop 
and affect the credit of the Episcopal Church. 

Under the second head, that of subscription, our desire is to require that 
subscription only to be repeated, which you have already been called upon 
to make by the Tenth Article of your Ecclesiastical Constitution : but we 
should forget the duty which we owe to our own Church, and act inconsist 
ently with that sincere regard which we bear to yours, if we were not ex 
plicit in declaring, that, after the disposition we have shown to comply 
with the prayer of your address, we think it now incumbent upon you to 
use your utmost exertions also for the removal of any stumbling block of 
offence which may possibly prove an obstacle to the success of it. We 
therefore most earnestly exhort you, that previously t'o the time of your 
making such subscription, you restore to its integrity the Apostles' Creed, 
in which you have omitted an article, merely, as it seems, from misappre 
hension of the sense in which it is understood by our Church ; nor can we 
help adding, that we hope you will think it but a decent proof of the at 
tachment which you profess to the services of our Liturgy, to give to the 
other two Creeds a place in your Book of Common Prayer, even tho' 
the use of them should be left discretional. We should be inexcusable, 
too, if, at the time when you are requesting the establishment of Bishops 
in your Church, we did not strongly represent to you that the Eighth Ar 
ticle of your Ecclesiastical Constitution appears to us to be a degradation 
of the Clerical, and still more of the Episcopal character. We persuade 
ourselves, that in your ensuing Convention some alteration will be thought 
necessary in this article, before this reaches you ; or, if not, that due at 
tention will be given to it in consequence of our representation. 

On the third and last head, which respects purity of manners, the re 
putation of the Church, both in England and America, and the interest of 
our common Christianity is so deeply concerned in it, that we feel it our in- 
dispensible duty to provide, on this subject, the most effectual securities. 
It is presumed, that the same previous public notice of the intention of 
the person to be consecrated, will be given in the Church where he re 
sides in America, for the same reasons, and therefore nearly in the same 
form, with that used in England before our Ordinations. The call upon 



54 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

the persons present at the time of consecration, must be deemed of little 
use before a congregation composed of those to whom the person to be 
consecrated is unknown. The testimonials signed by persons living in 
England admit of reference and examination, and the characters of 
those who give them are subject to scrutiny, and in cases of criminal de- 
ceitito punishment. In proportion as these circumstances are less ap 
plicable to testimonials from America, those testimonials must be more 
explicit, and supported by a greater number of signatures. We there 
fore think it necessary that the several persons, candidates for Episcopal 
consecration, should bring to us, both a testimonial from the General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church, with as many signatures as 
can be obtained, and a more particular one, from the respective Con 
ventions in those States which recommend them. It will appear from 
the tenor of the Letters Testimonial used in England, a form of which is 
annexed, that the ministers who sign them bear testimony to the qualifi 
cations of the candidates on their own personal knowledge. Such a tes 
timony is not to be expected from the members of the General Conven 
tion of the Episcopal Church in America on this occasion. We think it 
sufficient, therefore, that they declare they know no impediment, but be 
lieve the person to be consecrated is of a virtuous life and sound faith; 
we have sent you such a form as appears to us proper to be used for that 
purpose. More specific declarations must be made by the members of 
the Convention in each State from which the persons offered for conse 
cration are respectively recommended ; their personal knowledge of them 
there can be no doubt of; we trust, therefore, they will have no objection 
to the adoption of the form of a testimonial which is annexed, and drawn 
upon the same principles, and containing the same attestations of per 
sonal knowledge with that above mentioned, as required previously to 
our Ordinations: we trust we shall receive these testimonials signed by 
such a majority in each Convention that recommend, as to leave no 
doubt of the fitness of the candidates upon the minds of those whose 
consciences are concerned in the consecration of them. 

Thus much we have thought it right to communicate to you, without 
reserve, at present, intending to give you farther information as soon as 
we are able. In the mean time, we pray God to direct your counsels in 
this very weighty matter, and are, 

Mr. President and gentlemen, 

Your affectionate Brethren, 

J. CANTUAE. 
W. EBOR. 



Form of a Testimonial for Priests' Orders, in England. 

To the Right Reverend Father in God, , by Divine permission 

Lord Bishop of . 

We, whose names are hereunder written, testify, from our personal 
knowledge of the life and behaviour of A. B. for the space of three years 
last past, that he hath during that time lived piously, soberly, and hon 
estly: Nor hath he at any time, as far as we know or believe, written, 
taught, or held, any thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the 
Church of England. And, moreover, we think him a person worthy to 
be admitted to the sacred order of Priest. In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands. Dated the . . . day of ... in the 
year of our Lord . . . 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 55 

Testimony from the General Convention. 

We whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear our testimony on this solemn 
occasion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty 
God, testify that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to 
evil report either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that 
we do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime, on 
account of which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office, but 
that he hath led his life, for the three years last past, piously, soberly, and 
honestly. 



Testimony from the Members of the Convention in the State 
from whence the person is recommended for Consecration. 

We whose names are underwritten, fully sensible hftw important it is, 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, 
and firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear testimony on this solemn 
occasion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty 
God, testify that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to 
evil report, either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that 
we do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime for 
which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office. We do, more 
over, jointly and severally declare that, having personally known him for 
three years last past, we do in our consciences believe him to be of such 
sufficiency in good learning, such soundness in the faith, and of such 
virtuous and pure manners and godly conversation, that he is apt and 
meet to exercise the Office of a Bishop, to the honour of God and the 
edifying of his Church, and to be an wholesome example to the flock of 
Christ. 



TO THE COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION, 
ETC., ETC. 

CANTERBURY, JULY 4iH, 1786. 
GENTLEMEN: 

The enclosed Act, being now passed, I have the satisfaction of commu 
nicating it to you. It is accompanied by a copy of a letter, and some 
forms of testimonials, which I sent you by the packet of last month. It 
is the opinion here, that no more than three Bishops should be conse 
crated for the United States of America, who may consecrate others at 
their return, if more be found necessary. But whether we can conse 
crate any or not, must yet depend on the answers. we may receive, to what 
we have written. 

I am your humble servant, 

J. CANTUAR. 



56 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

" An Act to empower the Archbishop of Canterbury, or the 
Archbishop of York, for the time being, to consecrate to 
the Office of a Bishop, Persons, being Subjects or Citi 
zens of Countries out of His Majesty's dominions. 

Whereas, by the laws of this realm, no person can be consecrated to 
the Office of a Bishop, without the King's licence for his election to that 
office, and the Royal mandate under the Great Seal for his confirmation 
and consecration ; and whereas every person who shall be consecrated to 
the said office is required to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, 
and also the oath of due obedience to the Archbishop : And whereas 
there are divers persons, subjects or citizens of countries out of his Ma- 
iesty's dominions, inhabiting and residing within the said countries, who 
profess the publick worship of Almighty God according to the principles 
of the Church of England, and who, in order to provide a regular suc 
cession of Ministers tor the service of their Church, are desirous of hav 
ing certain of the subjects or citizens of those countries consecrated 
Bishops, according to the form of consecration in the Church of England : 
Be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the ad 
vice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in 
this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, that 
from and after the passing of this Act, it shall and may be lawful to and 
for the Archbishop of Canterbury, or the Archbishop of York for the time 
being, together with such other Bishops as they shall call to their assist 
ance, to consecrate persons being subjects or citizens of countries out of 
his Majesty's dominions, Bishops for the purposes aforesaid, without the 
King's licence for their election, or the Royal mandate under the great 
Seal for their confirmation and consecration, and without requiring them 
to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and the oath of due obe 
dience to the Archbishop for the time being. Provided always, that no 
persons shall be consecrated Bishops in the manner herein provided, un 
til the Archbishop of Canterbury or the Archbishop of York, for the 
time being, shall have first applied for and obtained his Majesty's licence, 
by warrant under his Royal signet and sign manual, authorizing and em 
powering him to perform such consecration, and expressing the name or 
names of the persons so to be consecrated ; nor until the said Archbishop 
has been fully ascertained of their sufficiency in good learning, of the 
soundness of their faith, and of the purity of their manners. Provided 
also, and be it hereby declared, that no person or persons consecrated to 
the office of a Bishop in the manner aforesaid, nor any person or persons 
deriving their consecration from or under any Bishop so consecrated, nor 
any person or persons admitted to the Order of Deacon or Priest by any 
Bishop or Bishops so consecrated, or by the successor or successors of 
any Bishop or Bishops so consecrated, shall be thereby enabled to exer 
cise his or their respctive office or offices within his Majesty's dominions. 
Provided always, and be it further enacted, that a certificate of such con 
secration shall be given under the hand and seal of the Archbishop who 
consecrates, containing the name of the person so consecrated, with the 
addition as well of the country whereof he is a subject or citizen, as of 
the Church in which he is appointed Bishop, and the farther description 
of his not having taken the said oaths, being exempted from the obliga 
tion of so doing by virtue of this Act." 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 57 

Resolved, That a Committee be now appointed, to take 
into consideration the letters and papers read, and to report 
thereon. 

Resolved, That this Committee shall consist of a Clerical 
and Lay Deputy from each State. 

Whereupon the following gentlemen were appointed: 

NEW YORK The Rev. Dr. Provost, James Duane, Esq. 

NEW JERSEY The Rev. Uzal Ogden, Henry Waddel, Esq. 

PENNSYLVANIA The Rev. Dr. White, Samuel Powel, Esq. 

DELAWARE The Rev. Sydenham Thorne, Isaac Gran- 
tham, Esq. 

SOUTH CAROLINA The Rev. Robert Smith, John Rut- 
ledge, Esq. 

From MARYLAND The Rev. Dr. Smith. 

The Convention then adjourned, to meet at 8 o'clock to 
morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, October llth, 1786. 

The Convention met, and after some time adjourned to the 
Swedes Church, to attend Divine Service, read by the Rev. 
Dr. Provost, and a Sermon by the Rev. Dr. Magaw. 

After Sermon, returned to the Academy Hall, and entered 
on business. 

It was movedj and seconded, to proceed to the election of 
a President. The ballots being taken, it appeared that the 
Rev. Dr. Provost was unanimously elected President. 

A question was then proposed and seconded, viz., whether 
this Convention hath authority to admit as members persons 
deriving their appointment, not from a State Convention, but 
from a particular parish or parishes only. 

On the question being put, it was determined in the neg 
ative. 

Another question was then proposed and seconded, viz., 
whether this Convention can, consistently with its funda 
mental articles, admit a State to be represented by a Clerical 
or Lay Deputy only. Which was also determined in the 
negative. 

The Committee appointed last evening, to take into con 
sideration the matters contained in the letters from the Arch 
bishops of England, delivered in their Report; which, after 
mature delberation and some amendments, was agreed to, 



58 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

and established as an Act of this Corporation, and is in the 
words following, viz. : 

An Act of the Geneial Convention of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the States 
of New- York, New- Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and 
South Carolina, held at Wilmington, in the State of Del- 
invare, on Wednesday, the llth of October, 1786. 

Whereas, at a General Convention of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in sundry of the United States of America, 
viz., New -York, New- Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Vir 
ginia, and South Carolina, holden at the City of Philadelphia, on the 
Tuesday before the Feast of St. Michael, in the year of our Lord, 1785, 
and divers subsequent days, it was agreed and declared, that " The Book 
of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments and other 
itites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the use of the Church 
of England," should be continued to be used by this Church, as the same 
was altered by the said Convention, in a certain instrument of writing, 
passed by their authority, intituled " Alterations of the Liturgy of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in order 
to render the same conformable to the American Revolution and the Con 
stitutions of the respective States." And it was further agreed and de 
clared, that the Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sa 
craments and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to 
the use of the Church of England, as altered by an instrument of writ 
ing passed under the authority of the aforesaid Convention, intituled, 
" Alterations in the Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the 
Sacraments and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to 
the use of the Church of England, proposed and recommended to the 
Protestant Episcopal Church,in the United States of America, should be 
used in this Church, when the same should have been ratified by the Con 
ventions which had respectively sent deputies to the said General Con 
vention." And thereupon the said Convention, anxious to compleat their 
Episcopal system by means of the Church of England, did subscribe and 
transmit an address to the Most Reverend and Right Reverend the Arch 
bishops of Canterbury and York, and the Bishops of the Church of 
England, earnestly entreating that venerable body to confer the Epis 
copal character on such persons as should be recommended by this 
Church in the several States so represented. 

And whereas, the Clerical and Lay Deputies of this Church have re 
ceived the most friendly and affectionate letters, in answer to the said 
address, from the said Archbishops and Bishops, opening a fair prospect 
of the success of their said applications, but at the same time earnestly 
exhorting this Convention to use their utmost exertions for the removal 
of certain objections by them made, against some parts of the alterations 
in the Book of Common Prayer and Rites and Ceremonies of this Church 
last mentioned. In pursuance whereof, this present General Convention 
halh been called and is now assembled : and being sincerely desirous to 
give every satisfaction to their Lordships which will be consistent with 
the union and general content of the Church they represent, and declar 
ing their steadfast resolution to maintain the same essential Articles of 
Faith and Discipline with the Church of England: 

Now, therefore, the said Deputies do hereby determine and declare 



1786.] 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 59 



First, That in the Creed commonly called the Apostles' Creed, these 
words, " He descended into Hell," shall be and continue a part of that 
Creed. 

Secondly, That the Nicene Creed shall also be inserted in the said 
Book of Common Prayer, immediately after the Apostles' Creed, prefaced 
with the Rubrick (or this). 

And whereas, In consequence of the objections expressed by their 
Lordships to the alterations in the Book of Common Prayer last men? 
tioued, the Conventions in some of the States represented in this General 
Convention have suspended the ratification and use of the said Book of 
Common Prayer, by reason whereof it will be improper that persons to 
be consecrated or ordained as Bishops, Priests, or Deacons respectively, 
should subscribe the declaration contained in the Tenth Article of the 
General Ecclesiastical Constitution, without some modification: 

Therefore it is hereby determined and declared, 

Thirdly, That the second clause so to be subscribed by a Bishop, 
Priest, or Deacon of this Church, in any of the States which have not al 
ready ratified or used the last mentioned Book of Common Prayer, shall 
be in the words following : " And I do solemnly engage to conform to the 
doctrine and worship of the Protestant Episcopal Church, according to 
the use of the Church of England, as the same is alter^l by the General 
Convention, in a certain instrument of writing passed by their authority, 
intituled, ' Alterations of the Liturgy of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America, in order to render the same conform 
able to the American Revolution and the Constitutions of the respective 
States,' until the new Book of Common Prayer, recommended by the 
General Convention, shall be ratified or used in the State in which I am 
(Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, as the case may be) by the authority of 
the Convention thereof. And I do further solemnly engage, that when 
the said new Book of Common Prayer shall be ratified or used by the 
authority of the Convention in the State for which I am consecrated a 
Bishop (or ordained a Priest or Deacon) I will conform to the doc 
trines and worship of the Protestant Episcopal Church, as settled and de 
termined in the last mentioned Book of Common Prayer and Adminis 
tration of the Sacraments, set forth by the General Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States." 

And it is hereby farther determined and declared, 

That these words in the Preface to the new proposed Book of Common 
Prayer, viz., " In the Creed, commonly called ' the Apostles' Creed,' one 
clause is omitted, as being of uncertain meaning, and" together with the 
note referred to in that place, be.from henceforth, no part of the Preface 
to the said proposed Book of Common Prayer. 

And it is hereby further determined and declared, 

That the Fourth Article of Religion in the new proposed Book of Com 
mon Prayer, be altered to render it conformable to the adoption of the 
Nicene Creed, as follows : " Of the Creeds. The two Creeds, namely, 
that commonly called the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed, ought 
to be received and believed, because they,!' etc., etc. 

Done in General Convention, at Wilmington, in the State of 
Delaware, the day and year first aforesaid. 

The first question taken on the Report Of the Committee 
was, whether the words, "He descended into Hell," should be 
restored in the Apostles' Creed. 



60 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

When, the Ayes and Nays being called for, the votes were 
as follow: 

NKW YORK. Dr. Provost, Aye; Mr. Duane, Aye; Mr. Rutherford, No 
Divided. 

NEW JERSEY. Rev. Mr. Ogden, Aye; Rev. Mr. Frazer, Aye; Mr. Wal 
lace. Aye; Mr. Cox, No; Mr. Waddel, Aye. Aye. 

PBXXSYLVAHIA, Dr. White, Aye; Dr. Magaw, Aye; Mr. Blackwell, 
A\ : Mr. Hopkinson, No; Mr. Powel, No; Mr. Gilpin, No. Divided. 

DELAWARE. Dr. Wharton, No; Rev. Mr. Thome, Aye; Mr. Sykes, 
Aye; Mr. Grantham, No. Divided. 

Sorrn CAROLINA. Rev. Mr. R. Smith, Aye; Mr. Rutledge, Aye. 
Aye. 

And so the words are to be restored, there being two Ayes 
and no Negative. 

On the question, Shall the Nicene Creed be restored in the 
Liturgy? the same was unanimously agreed to. 

Adjourned to 6 o'clock in the evening. 

WEDNESDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

A 6 o'clock the Convention met. 

On the question, Shall the Creed commonly called the 
Athanasian Creed, be admitted in the Liturgy of the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church in the United States of America? 

The Ayes and Nays being taken, were as follow : 

NEW YORK. Dr. Provost, No; Mr. Duane, No; Mr. Rutherford, No. 
X;ty. 

XK\V JERSEY. Rev. Mr. Ogden, No; Rev. Mr. Frazer, No; Mr. Cox, 
No ; Mr. Wallace, Aye ; Mr. Waddel, Aye. Divided. 

PENNSYLVANIA. Dr. White, No ; Dr. Magaw, No ; Rev. Mr. Blackwell, 
No ; Mr. Hopkin jon, No ; Mr. Powel, No ; Mr. Gilpin, No. Nay. 

DELAWARE. Dr. Wharton, No; Rev. Mr. Thome, Aye; Mr. Sykes, 
No; Mr. Grantham, No. Divided. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. Rev. Mr. Smith, No ; Mr. Rutledge, No. Nay. 

And so it was determined in the negative. 

On the question, Shall the Eighth Article of the Ecclesi 
astical Constitution remain as proposed and published by the 
late Convention? it was unanimously determined in the af 
firmative. 

Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convention, it is 
proper for those gentlemen, who shall proceed from any of 
these States for England, for the purpose of obtaining Epis 
copal consecration, first to subscribe either the form directed 



1786.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. Cl 

in the Tenth Article of the proposed Ecclesiastical Consti 
tution or else the form directed in the Act or Instru 
ment now passed by this Convention ; and that they respec 
tively lodge their subscriptions with the Secretary, taking 
from him a certificate of their having so done. 

Resolved, That the Secretary be desired to transmit a 
copy of the proceedings of this Convention to the Standing 
Committees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the States 
of Maryland and Virginia, with the affectionate hope of this 
body, that their brethren of the said States, after duly con 
sidering the principles on which these proceedings have been 
held, will approve and adopt the same. 

It was moved and seconded, that a Committee be appointed 
to draft a letter from this Convention, to the Archbishops of 
England, in answer to their late letters. 

And the following gentlemen were appointed accordingly 
Dr. Smith, Dr. White, and Dr. Wharton. 

This Committee retired, and after some time returned and 
reported a letter, which, after a few amendments, was agreed 
to as follows: 

TO THE ARCHBISHOPS OF CANTERBURY AND YORK. 

MOST WORTHY AND VENERABLE PRELATES: 

In pursuance of your Graces' communications to the Standing Com 
mittee of our Church, received by the June packet, and the letter of his 
Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury of July the fourth, enclosing the Act 
of Parliament " to empower the Archbishop of Canterbury, or the Arch 
bishop of York, for the time being, to consecrate to the office of a Bishop, 
persons being subjects or citizens of countries out of his Majesty's do 
minions," a General Convention, now sitting, have the honour of offering 
their unanimous and hearty thanks for the continuance of your Christian 
attention to this Church, and particularly for your having so speedily ac 
quired a legal capacity of complying with the prayer of our former ad 
dresses. 

We have taken into our most serious and deliberate consideration the 
several matters so affectionately recommended to us in those communi 
cations, and whatever could be done towards a compliance with your fa 
therly wishes and advice, consistently with our local circumstances, and 
the peace and unity of our Church, hath been agreed to, as, we trust, will 
appear from the enclosed Act of our Convention, which we have the honour 
to transmit to you, together with the Journal of our proceedings. 
We are, with great and sincere respect, 

Most worthy and venerable Prelates, 

Your obedient and very humble servants. 
(By order) SAMUEL PROVOST, PRESIDENT. 

IN GENERAL CONVENTION: 
At Wilmington, in the State of Delaware, 
October 11, 1Y86. 



62 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1786. 

The above letter being fairly copied, was signed by the 
President in behalf of the Convention. 

On motion, the States were respectively called upon to 
know if, in their several Conventions, any person had been 
elected and recommended for Episcopal consecration; when 
it appeared that the Convention of New York had elected 
and recommended the Rev. Dr. Samuel Provost to that office. 

The members present then proceeded to sign his testimo 
nials in the form prescribed by the Archbishops of England 
for the General Convention. 

The Convention of Pennsylvania had elected and recom 
mended the Rev. Dr. William White, and his testimonials 
were in like manner signed by the members present. 

It appeared also, that the Convention of Virginia had 
elected and recommended the Rev. Dr. David Griffith, and 
his testimonials were accordingly signed. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be given 
to the Rev. Dr. Magaw for his Sermon this forenoon ; to the 
President for his impartial and judicious conduct; and to the 
Secretary for his attention and services. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Provost, President, Rev. 
Dr. Smith, Rev. Dr. White, Rev. Dr. Griffith, Hon. John 
Jay, Hon. James Duane, Hon. Francis Hopkinson, and 
Samuel Powel, Esq., be the Committee of Correspondence; 
and that they have power to call a General Convention of 
the Church, to meet at Philadelphia, whenever a majority of 
the said Committee shall think it necessary. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Provost be requested to 
preach before the Convention, at their next meeting. 

Adjourned, sine die. 

Signed by order of the Convention, 

SAMUEL PROVOST. PRESIDENT. 
FKANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



JOURNAL OF A CONVENTION 



OF THE 



CjljurrI} 



THE STATES OF 



New- York, New- Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia, and South-Carolina, 



HELD IN 



CHRIST CHURCH, PHILADELPHIA. 



FROM 



JULY 28TH TO AUGUST STH, 1789. 

(63) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION. 



The Right Rev. "William "White, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Pennsylvania, and President of the Convention. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW -YORK. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D. 
The Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D. 
Mr. Moses Rogers. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW -JERSEY. 

The Rev. William Frazer. 
The Rev. Uzal Ogden. 
The Rev. Henry Waddel. 
The Rev. George H. Spieren. 
John Cox, Esq. 
Robert Strettel Jones, Esq. 
Samuel Ogden, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 
The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D. 
The Rev. Joseph Pilmore\ 
The Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend. 
The Hon. Francis Hopkinson. 
Samuel Powel, Esq. 
Dr. Gerardus Clarkson. 
Tench Coxe, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Joseph Couden. 
The Rev. Stephen Sykes. 
James Sykes, Esq. 
Thomas Duff, Esq. 
Mr. Philip Reading. 

5 (65) 



66 LIST OF MEMBERS. [1789. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

The Rev. Thomas John Claggett, D.D. 

The Rev. Colin Ferguson, D.D. 

The Rev. John Bisset. 

Richard B. Carmichael, Esq. 

Dr. William Frisby. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 
Robert Andrews, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Robert Smith. 
William Ward Burrows, Esq. 
William Brisbane, Esq. 



JOURNAL. 



IK IVf ! i+it T TUESDAY, July 28th, 1T89. 

\M 1 1 I l?l U>J? and Lay Deputies from several of the 

f States assembled; and judging it proper to wait the 
arrival of the Deputies from the other States, 
Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, July 29th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Right Rev. Dr. White, President, ex officio. 

The Rev. Dr. Claggett read prayers. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Provost, who was to have preached 
on the opening of the Convention, being absent through in 
disposition, the Rev. Dr. Smith preached, agreeably to re 
quest made yesterday. 

The Hon. Mr. Hopkinson was unanimously chosen Secre 
tary, but being indisposed, Mr. Tench Coxe was requested 
to officiate. 

Ordered, that the members present produce the testimo 
nials of their respective appointments, which being produced, 
were read, and deemed satisfactory. 

Mr. Andrews, Lay Deputy from Virginia, informed the 
Convention, that the Rev. Dr. Griffith, the Clerical Delegate 
from the said State, was in town, but detained by sickness 
from the Convention. 

A certificate of the consecration of the Right Rev. Wil 
liam White, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the State of Pennsylvania, and the Right Rev. Samuel 
Provost, D.D., Bishop of said Church in the State of New 
York, signed by Robert Jenner, Notary Public, and dated 
February 4, 1787, was produced and read; also a certifi- 

(67) 



68 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

cate of the consecration of the Right Rev. Dr. White, signed 
by his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, and counter 
signed by his Grace the Archbishop of York, and the Right 
Rev. the Bishops of Bath and Wells and of Peterborough. 

Mr. Andrews communicated to the Convention the follow 
ing extract from the Minutes of the Convention of this 
Church in the State of Virginia. 

"Ix COXYEN-TION, MAY 8, 1789. 

" Resolved, That the Deputies appointed to attend the next General 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, be desired to notify to 
the next General Convention, that the Rev. Ur. Griffith, Bishop elect of 
the said Church in this State, has relinquished the said appointment, and 
that no person has been elected in his room." 

A copy from the Journal of the Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Virginia, held from May 6 to May 9, 
1789, inclusive. 

ROBERT ANDREWS, 
Secretary of the Protestant Episcopal Convention in Virginia. 

The Rev. Dr. Moore, Mr. Hopkinson, and Mr. Andrews, 
were appointed a Committee to prepare Rules of Order. 

An invitation from the University of Pennsylvania to the 
Convention, to attend a Commencement, was presented by 
the Rev. Dr. Magaw, which was unanimously accepted, and 
the President was requested to signify the same, in writing, 
to the Trustees and Faculty. 

Adjourned to 5 o'clock, P.M. 

WEDNESDAY, July 29th, 1789, P. M. 

The Convention met. 

Mr. Hopkinson remaining indisposed, the Rev. Mr. Bend 
was requested to officiate during his indisposition. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Dr. Smith, the Rev. Dr. Moore, 
and Mr. Ogden, be a Committee to prepare an address to the 
President of the United States. 

On motion, ordered, that the Letters of Consecration of 
the Right Rev. Dr. White and the Right Rev. Dr. Provost, 
and the notarial certificate thereof, be recorded. (See Ap 
pendix.) 

Ordered, that the Secretary procure a book for recording 
the Minutes and papers of the General Convention. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Dr. Smith, the Rev. Dr. Beach, 
and Mr. Andrews, be a Committee to prepare an address of 
thanks to the Most Reverend the Archbishops of Canterbury 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 69 

and York for their good offices in procuring the consecration 
of the American Bishops. 

The Deputies from the several States being called upon to 
declare their powers, relative to the object of the following 
resolution of the Protestant Episcopal Church, viz., " Re 
solved, that it be recommended to the Conventions of this 
Church in the several States represented in this Convention, 
that they authorise and empower their Deputies to the next 
General Convention, after we shall have obtained a Bishop 
or Bishops in our Church, to confirm and ratify a General 
Constitution, respecting both the doctrine and discipline of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America," gave information that they came fully authorised 
to ratify a Book of Common Prayer, etc., for the use of the 
Church. 

Ordered, that the Journal of the last General Convention 
be read, and that a copy of the Journals of the Convention 
be procured for each member. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention be given 
to the Rev. Dr. Smith for his Sermon, and that he be re 
quested to publish the same. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, July 30th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach read prayers. 

The Rev. Mr. Sykes, the Rev. Mr. Couden, James Sykes, 
and Thomas Duff, Esquires, Deputies from Delaware, pro 
duced the credentials of their appointment, which being read 
and approved, they took their seats in the Convention. 

The aforesaid Deputies were requested to state their pow 
ers relative to the ratification of a Book of Common Prayer, 
etc., which were deemed sufficient. 

The Hon. Mr. Hopkinson, a Deputy for Pennsylvania, took 
his seat in Convention. 

The Committee appointed to prepare rules for the orderly 
conduct of the Convention, reported the same, which were 
adopted. 

On motion, ordered, that a Committee, consisting of a 
Deputy from each State, be appointed to take into consider 
ation the proposed Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal 



70 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

Church, and to recommend such alterations, additions, and 
amendments as they shall think necessary and proper. 

The Rev. Dr. Moore, Mr. Jones, the Rev. Dr. Black-well, 
Mr. Sykes, the Rev. Dr. Smith, Mr. Andrews, and the Rev. 
Mr. Smith, were appointed accordingly. 

An act of the Clergy of Massachusetts and New Hampshire, 
recommending the Rev. Edward Bass for consecration, was 
laid before the Convention by the Right Rev. Dr. White, and 
is as follows. 

The good providence of Almighty God, the fountain of all goodness, 
having lately blessed the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America, by supplying it with a complete and entire Ministry, and af 
fording to many of her communion the benefit of the labours, advice, and 
government of the successors of the Apostles : 

We, Presbyters of said Church in the States of Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire, deeply impressed with the most lively gratitude to the 
Supreme Governor of the universe, for his goodness in this respect, and 
with the most ardent love to his Church, and concern for the interest of 
her sons, that they may enjoy all the means that Christ, the great Shep 
herd and Bishop of souls, has instituted for leading his followers into the 
ways of truth and holiness, and preserving his Church in the unity of the 
spirit and the bond of peace; to the end that the people committed to our 
respective charges may enjoy the benefit and advantage of those offices, 
the administration of which belongs to the highest Order of the Ministry, 
and to encourage and promote, as far as in us lies, a union of the whole 
Episcopal Church in these States, and to perfect and compact this mys 
tical body of Christ, do hereby nominate, elect and appoint, the Rev. Ed 
ward Bass, a Presbyter of said .Church, and Rector of St. Paul's, in New- 
buryport, to be our Bishop ; and we do promise and engage to receive him 
as such, when canonically consecrated, and invested with the apostolic 
office and powers by the Right Reverend the Bishops hereafter named, and to 
render him all that canonical obedience and submission which, by the laws of 
Christ, and the constitution of our Church, is due to so important an office. 
And we now address the Right Reverend the Bishops in the States of 
Connecticut, New York, and Pennsylvania, praying their united assist 
ance in consecrating our said brother, and canonically investing him with 
the apostolic office and powers. This request we are induced to make, 
from a long acquaintance with him, and from a perfect knowledge of his 
being possessed of that love to God and benevolence to men, that piety, 
learning, and good morals, that prudence and discretion, requisite to so 
exalted a station, as well as that personal respect and attachment of the 
communion at large in these States, which will make him a valuable ac 
quisition to the Order, and, we trust, a rich blessing to the Church. 

Done at a meeting of the Presbyters whose names are underwritten, 
held at Salem, in the County of Essex, and Commonwealth of Massachu 
setts, the fourth day of June, Anno Salutis, 1789. 

SAMUEL PARKER, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

T. FITCH OLIVER, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Marblehead. 

JOHN COUSENS OGDEN, Rector of Queen's Chapel, Portsmouth, N.H. 

WILLIAM MONTAGUE, Minister of Christ's Church, Boston. 

TILLOTSON BRUNSON, Assistant Minister of Christ's Church, Boston. 
A true copy. Attest: SAMUEL PARKER. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 71 

At the meeting aforesaid, 

Voted, That the Rev. Samuel Parker be authorised and empowered to 
transmit copies of the foregoing Act, to be by him attested, to the Eight 
Reverend the Bishops in Connecticut, New York, and Pennsylvania ; and 
that he be appointed our agent, to appear at any Convocation to be holdeu 
at Pennsylvania or New York, and to treat upon any measures that may 
tend to promote an union of the Episcopal Church throughout the United 
States of America, or that may prove advantageous to the interests of 
said Church. 

EDWARD BASS, CHAIRMAN. 

A true copy. Attest: SAMUEL PARKER. 

A letter was also read from the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, 
Bishop of the Church in Connecticut, to the Right Rev. Dr. 
White, and one from the same gentleman to the Rev. Dr. 
Smith. 

Upon reading the said letters, it appearing that Bishop 
Seabury lay under some misapprehensions concerning an 
entry in the Minutes of a former Convention, as intending 
some doubt of the validity of his consecration, 

Resolved unanimously, That it is the opinion of this 
Convention, that the consecration of the Right Rev. Dr. 
Seabury to the Episcopal office is valid. 

Mr. Burrows obtained leave of absence for Thursday. 

Adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, July 31st, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Smith read prayers. 

Dr. William Frisby produced his credentials as a Lay De 
puty from the State of Maryland; which being approved, 
he took his seat. 

The Rev. Dr. Ferguson, a Deputy from Maryland, and 
Mr. Philip Reading, a Deputy from Delaware, took their 
seats. 

The Convention then went in procession to the German 
Reformed Church, in consequence of the invitation received 
from the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to at 
tend the Commencement. 

FRIDAY, half-past 1, P.M. 

The Convention having returned, they proceeded to bu 
siness. 



72 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee, consisting of 
one Deputy from each State, be appointed to prepare a body 
of Canons for the government of this Church. And 

The Rev. Dr. Beach, the Rev. Mr. Ogden, the Rev. Mr. 
Pilmore, the Rev. Mr. Couden, the Rev. Dr. Claggett, Mr. 
Andrews, and Mr. Brisbane, were appointed accordingly. 

Resolved, That on Monday next this Convention will re 
solve themselves into a Committee of the whole, for the pur 
pose of taking into consideration the proposed Book of Com 
mon Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments. 

Mr. Duff had leave of absence given him. 

Resolved, That the application of the Clergy of Massa 
chusetts and New Hampshire to the Right Rev. Doctors 
Seabury, Provost, and White, be considered to-morrow in a 
Committee of the whole. 

Mr. J. Cox and Mr. Ogden obtained leave of absence from 
Saturday evening till Monday. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow. 



SATURDAY, August 1st, 1786. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Ogden read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, from the Committee appointed to 
take into consideration the proposed Constitution of the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church, and to recommend such alterations, 
additions, or amendments as they shall think necessary ap.d 
proper, reported a Constitution for the same. 

Ordered, that the said Constitution be read. 

Ordered, that it be read a second time. 

Samuel Powel, Esq., a Deputy from Pennsylvania, took 
his seat in the Convention. 

The Constitution was then debated by paragraphs. 

Resolved, That the 1st, 2d, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th 
articles be adopted, and stand in this order 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 
7 ; that they be a rule of conduct for this Convention ; and 
that the remaining articles be postponed for the future con 
sideration of this Convention. 

The order for the day being called, the Convention resolved 
itself into a Committee of the whole, on the application of 
the Clergy of Massachusetts and New Hampshire to the 
Bishops in the States of Connecticut, New York, and Penn 
sylvania. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 73 

The Rev. Mr. Smith was called to the chair. 

The Committee having made some progress in their busi 
ness, rose, and reported progress, and obtained leave to sit 
again. 

Adjourned to Monday morning, 9 o'clock. 



MONDAY, August 3d, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Waddel read prayers. 

The President having informed the Convention, by mes 
sage, that the melancholy event of the death of the Rev. 
Dr. Griffith, which happened at his house this morning, ne 
cessarily detained him at home, the Rev. Dr. Smith was 
chosen President pro tempore. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Dr. Moore, the Rev. Mr. Smith, 
Mr. Andrews, and Mr. Tench Coxe, be a Committee for set 
tling the manner in which the Convention shall attend the 
funeral of the Rev. Dr. Griffith. 

The Committee, after an adjournment of a few minutes, 
made the following Report : 

Resolved, That the senior Clergyman of the deputation 
of each State, except Virginia, attend the funeral of the Rev. 
Dr. Griffith as pall-bearer, and that the other members of 
this Convention attend as mourners, and that a Sermon be 
preached on the occasion. 

Resolved, That the Clergy of all denominations within 
this city be invited to attend his funeral. 

This Report was agreed to, and the Rev. Dr. Smith was 
appointed to preach the funeral Sermon. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. White, and Mr. Andrews, Lay 
Deputy from Virginia, be requested to walk as chief mourn 
ers, and direct all other matters relative to this melancholy 
event. 

Adjourned to Tuesday, 9 o'clock A.M. 



TUESDAY, August 4th, 1789. 

The Convention met, and adjourned to the house of their 
President, to attend the funeral of the Rev. Dr. Griffith. 

After the funeral, the Convention assembled, and adjourn 
ed to 4 o'clock, P.M. 



74 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

TUESDAY, August 4th, P. M. 

The Convention met. 

On motion, resolved unanimously, That the thanks of 
this Convention be given to the Rev. Dr. Smith, for his Ser 
mon preached at the funeral of the Rev. Dr. Griffith, and 
that he be requested to furnish the Convention with a copy 
for publication. 

The Convention resolved itself into a Committee of the 
whole, on the application of the Clergy of Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire. 

The Committee having spent some time on the business, 
rose, and reported progress, and asked leave to sit again. 

Dr. Claggett having been necessarily obliged to leave the 
Convention, the Rev. Mr. Bisset was appointed, in his stead, 
a member of the Committee for preparing a set of Canons. 

The order for Monday being called up, it was, on motion, 
made the order of the day for Wednesday. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning 



WEDNESDAY, August 5, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Spieren read prayers. 

The order of the day being called up, it was postponed. 

The Convention then resolved itself into a Committee of 
the whole, on the application from the Clergy of Massachu 
setts and New Hampshire. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith, in />rder to bring the business before 
them to a conclusion, offered the following resolves, viz. : 

" The Committee of the whole, having had under their de 
liberate consideration the application of the Clergy of Mas 
sachusetts and New Hampshire, for the consecration of the 
Rev. Edward Bass, as their Bishop, do offer to the Conven 
tion the following resolves: 

1st. Resolved, That a complete Order of Bishops, de 
rived as well under the English as the Scots line of Episco 
pacy, doth now subsist within the United States of America, 
in the persons of the Right Rev. William White, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of 
Pennsylvania; the Right Rev. Samuel Provost, D.D., Bishop 
of the said Church in the State of New York, and the Right 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 75 

Rev. Samuel Seabury, D.D., Bishop of the said Church in 
the State of Connecticut. 

2d. Resolved, That the said three Bishops are fully com 
petent to every proper act and duty of the Episcopal office 
and character in these United States, as well in respect to 
the consecration of other Bishops, and the ordering of 
Priests and Deacons, as for the government of the Church, 
according to such rules, Canons, and institutions as now are, 
or hereafter may be duly made and ordained by the Church 
in that case. 

3d. Resolved, That in Christian charity, as well as of 
duty, necessity, and expediency, the Churches represented 
in this Convention ought to contribute, in every manner in 
their power, towards supplying the wants, and granting every 
just and reasonable request of their sister Churches in these 
States; and, therefore, 

4th, Resolved, Tha.t the Right Rev. Dr. White and the 
Right Rev. Dr. Provost be, and they hereby are requested to 
join with the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, in complying with the 
prayer of the Clergy of the States of Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire, for the consecration of the Rev. Edward 
Bass, Bishop elect of the Churches in the said States; but 
that,before the said Bishops comply with the request afore 
said, it be proposed to the Churches in the New England 
States to meet the Churches of these States, with the said 
three Bishops, in an adjourned Convention, to settle certain 
articles of union and discipline among all the churches, pre 
vious to such consecration. 

5th. Resolved, That if any difficulty or delicacy, in re 
spect to the Archbishops and Bishops of England, shall remain 
with the Right Rev. Drs. White and Provost, or either of them, 
concerning their compliance with the above request, this 
Convention will address the Archbishops and Bishops, and 
hope thereby to remove the difficulty. 

These resolves were unanimously agreed to as the Report 
of the Committee. 

The Committee having finished the business committed to 
them, rose, and reported to the Convention the above re 
solves. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Smith, seconded by Mr. An 
drews, this Report was unanimously agreed to. 

Ordered, That the different Committees appointed by 
this Convention, which have not yet reported, be called upon 
to report. 



76 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

The Committee for preparing an address to the Most Re 
verend the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, informed 
the Convention that they were not yet ready to make a final 
report. 

The Committee for preparing an address to the President 
of the United States, reported that they had not yet finished 
the business committed to their care. 

Ordered, that Mr. T. Coxe be added to the above Com 
mittee. 

The Committee on the Canons reported certain Canons, 
which were ordered to be read. 

On motion, the Convention resolved themselves into a 
Committee of the whole on the said Canons, the Rev. Mr. 
Smith in the chair. 

The Committee having made some progress in the business 
committed to them, rose and reported, and asked leave to sit 
again to-morrow. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, August 6th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Couden read prayers. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Magaw, Mr. 
Tench Coxe, and Mr. Jones, be a Committee to assist the 
Secretary in revising and publishing, the Minutes of the 
Convention. 

The Committee for preparing an address to the President 
of the United States presented a draught, which was then 
read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Convention then resolved themselves into a Committee 
of the whole on the Canons. 

The Committee having spent some time on the business, 
rose and reported. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Report of the Committee 
lie on the table. 

The address to the President of the United States was then 
read a second time. 

It was afterwards read by paragraphs, and ordered to be 
engrossed for signing. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 77 

FRIDAY, August 7th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Frazer read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith laid before the Convention, " Propo 
sals for printing, by subscription, a body of Sermons upon 
the most important branches of practical Christianity, to 
gether with an address upon the same subject," which here 

follow. 

PHILADELPHIA, August 5, 1789. 

TO THE RIGHT REVEREND AND REVEREND THE CLERGY 
AND THE WORTHY AND HONOURABLE LAY MEMBERS 
OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, IN THE 
STATES OF NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, PENNSYLVANIA, 
DELAWARE, MARYLAND, VIRGINIA, AND SOUTH CARO 
LINA, NOW ASSEMBLED IN GENERAL CONVENTION. 

MY WORTHY FRIENDS AND BRETHREN: 

The Sermons and Discourses whereof the texts and titles follow, are 
the result of the Author's labours as a preacher of the blessed Gospel for 
near forty years past. Sundry of them, which were composed and deli 
vered on special public occasions, have been already printed, and have 
passed through several editions, in Europe as well as America ; but the 
main body of them were composed and delivered in the character of a 
Parish Minister, viz., in the years 1764 and 1765, at Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia; from thence forward to the year 
1780, in the churches of the Oxford Mission, in the county of Philadel 
phia; and from the latter part of the year 1780, to July 1st, 1789, in 
Chester parish, Kent County, Maryland. 

During the foregoing long period of ministerial service, the author 
hath frequently been solicited to print, or to give manuscript copies of 
many of the Sermons ; and hath, as his leisure would allow, so often in 
dulged some of his too partial friends and hearers in the latter way, that 
copies of sundry Sermons have been multiplied in manuscript, and circu 
lated in a condition not only very incorrect, but wholly without those last 
improvements and touches which the best of them stand much in need 
of, and which the author had always designed to bestow on some of them, 
and bequeath them as a legacy to his surviving friends and hearers, if 
health and opportunity should permit: and if that should not be the case, 
he had directed those few, together with the whole remainder in the fol 
lowing list, to be suppressed from public view as hasty and unfinished 
compositions. 

But the late change in the author's situation, the resignation of his pa 
rochial as well as collegiate charge in the State of Maryland, and his re 
turn to his former station in the college of Philadelphia (added to the 
consideration of his advanced age), rendering it probable that he can 
never again engage in any stated parochial duty, the applications of some 
of his former friends and hearers have been renewed for the publication 
of sundry of those Sermons, which had long since been delivered before 
them, and of which some of them had been supplied with manuscript 
copies. 



78 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

In some late conversations with judicious and worthy persons, both of 
the Clergy and Laity, respecting the present state of our churches and 
people iu America, it hath been further suggested, that the cause of re 
ligion and truth might be much promoted by the publication of a suffi 
cient number of sermons, or discourses, digested, as nearly as possible, 
into a system or body of divinity, comprehending the most useful and 
important articles of the Christian doctrine, treated of in a scriptural and 
evangelical way, in an easy, affectionate, and correct style, suited to the 
minds and apprehensions of the young and those of inferior capacity, as 
well as edifying to those of riper years and more improved understand 
ing: not running out into learned niceties or debates, to disturb common 
readers or hearers, but avoiding all speculative and controversial subjects, 
or touching upon them only to improve them, as far as possible, towards 
the purposes of practical godliness and vital Christianity. 

Although the author hath not the vanity to imagine that the following 
Sermons are wholly sufficient to this good design, yet they may lay the 
foundation of a more perfect work ; and he finds, upon an arrangement 
of them under proper heads, that, iu order to form a tolerably complete 
system, only a few sermons would be wanting, and those chiefly upon 
speculative and controversial points, as the author hath ever avoided in the 
pulpit, but which (if thought necessary in a work of this kind) might be 
selected from some of the ablest and most orthodox divines of our Church. 

Indeed, it may be said that a complete body of sermons and divinity 
might be selected or compiled in this way ; and attempts of that kind 
have been made with good effect. But as every age and country is best 
pleased with its own forms, compositions, and phrases of speech, the 
author flatters himself, that if it should please God to enable him to finish 
those sermons in the way he proposes, they will be at least acceptable to 
those who have desired the publication of any of them. He further 
trusts, that if his design should meet with that approbation and counte 
nance which he affectionately solicits from the members of the Conven 
tion, they will be of use to all well-disposed Christians, and especially to 
those of the following descriptions, viz. : 

1 . To heads of families who may think it their duty to devote the eve 
nings of the Lord's day to the instruction of their own households. 

2. To pious and well-disposed persons (remote from places of public 
worship, or unprovided with ministers or pastors) who may wish to col 
lect their neighbours and friends to spend some parts of a Sunday in 
public worship, and in reading sermons and books of devotion. 

3. To young clergymen and preachers, who, being ill supplied with 
books or a variety of sermons on proper subjects, may be assisted in their 
earlier compositions by the present work, which it is proposed to com 
prise in about four octavo volumes, in the same sized paper a,nd letter as 
this address: two volumes to be published yearly, at the rate of one dol 
lar per volume on the delivery of the same to the subscribers. 

WILLIAM SMITH. 



On motion of Mr. J. Cox, 

Resolved unanimously, That the Members of this Con 
vention being fully persuaded that the interests of religion and 
practical godliness may be greatly promoted by the publica- 



1789.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 79 

tion of a body of Sermons, upon the plan proposed above; 
and being well satisfied of the author's soundness in the 
faith, and eminent abilities for such a work, do testify their 
approbation of the same, and their desire to encourage it, by 
annexing their names thereto as subscribers. 

[Here the names are subscribed.] 

The Convention then took up the Report of the Committee 
of the whole upon the Canons, which were read, and en 
grossed. 

The said Canons were then adopted, and ordered to be 
signed by the President and Secretary. They are as follow. 



anons 

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL 
CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AGREED 
ON AND RATIFIED IN THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF 
SAID CHURCH, HELD IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, 
FROM THE 28TH DAY OF JULY TO THE 8lH DAY OF 
AUGUST, 1789, INCLUSIVE. 

CANON 1. 

In this Church there shall always be three Orders in the Ministry, viz., 
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. 

CANON 2. 

Every Bishop elect, before his consecration, shall produce to the Bish 
ops, to whom he is presented for that holy office, from the Convention 
by whom he is elected a Bishop, and from the General Convention, or a 
Committee of that body appointed to act in their recess, certificates, re 
spectively in the following words, viz. : 

Testimony from the Members of the Convention in the State 
from whence the person is recommended for Consecration. 

We, whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is, 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthilyxjonferred, and 
firmly persuaded that is is our duty to bear testimony on this solemn occa 
sion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty God, 
testify, that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to evil 
report, either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that we 
do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime for 



80 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office. We do, more 
over, jointly and severally declare that, having personally known him for 
three years last past, we do in our consciences believe him to be of such 
sufficiency in good learning, such soundness in the faith, and of such 
virtuous and pure manners and godly conversation, that he is apt and 
meet to exercise the Office of a Bishop, to the honour of God and the 
edifying of his Church, and to be an wholesome example to the flock of 
Christ. 

Testimony from the General Convention. 

We whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear our testimony on this solemn 
occasion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty 
God, testify that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to 
evil report either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that 
we do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime, on 
account of which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office, but 
that he hath, as we believe, led his life, for three years last past, piously, 
soberly, and honestly. 

CANON 3. 

Every Bishop in this Church shall, as often as may be convenient, visit 
the churches within his Diocese or district, for the purposes of examining 
the state of his Church, inspecting the behaviour of the Clergy, and ad 
ministering the apostolic rite of Confirmation. 

CANON 4. 

Deacon's Orders shall not be conferred on any person until he shall be 
twenty-one years old, nor Priest's Orders on any one until he shall be 
twenty-four years old; and, except on urgent occasion, unless he hath 
been a Deacon one year. No man shall be consecrated a Bishop of this 
Church until he shall be thirty years old. 

CANON 5. 

No person shall be ordained either Deacon or Priest, unless he shall 
produce a satisfactory certificate from some Church, parish, or congrega 
tion, that he is engaged with them, and that they will receive him as their 
minister, and allow him a reasonable support ; or unless he be engaged 
as a professor, tutor, or instructor of youth, in some college, academy, or 
general seminary of learning, duly incorporated ; or unless the Standing 
Committee of the Church in the State for which he is to be ordained, 
shall certify to the Bishop their full belief and expectation, that he will 
be received and settled as a pastor by some one of the vacant churches 
in that State. 

CANON 6. 

Every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended to the Bishop 
by a Standing Committee of the Convention of the State wherein he re- 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 81 

sides, which recommendation shall be signed by the names of a majority 
of the Committee, and shall be in the following words : 

We, whose names are hereunder written, testify that A. B., for the 
space of three years last past, hath lived piously, soberly, and hon 
estly: *Nor hath he at any time, as far as we know or believe, written, 
taught, or held, any thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. And, moreover, we think him a person worthy 
to be admitted to the sacred order of priest. In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands. Dated the . . . day of ... in the 
year of our Lord . . . 

But before a Standing Committee of any State shall proceed to recom 
mend any candidate, as aforesaid, to the Bishop, such candidate shall 
produce testimonials of his good morals and orderly conduct for three 
years last past, from the Minister and Vestry of the parish where he has 
resided, or from the Vestry alone if the parish be vacant; a publication 
of his intention to apply for Holy Orders having been previously made 
by such Minister or Vestry. 

CANON 7. 

In every State in which there is no Standing Committee, such Com 
mittee shall be appointed at its next ensuing Convention ; and in the 
mean time every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended ac 
cording to the regulations or usage of the Church in each State, and the 
requisitions of the Bishop to whom he applies. 

CANON 8. 

No person shall be ordained in this Church until he shall have satisfied 
the Bishop and the two Presbyters, by whom he shall be examined, that 
he is sufficiently acquainted with the New Testament in the original 
Greek, and can give an account of his faith in the Latin tongue, either 
in writing or otherwise, as may be required. 

CANON 9. 

Agreeably to the practice of the primitive Church, the stated times of 
Ordination shall be on the Sundays following the Ember weeks : viz., the 
Second Sunday in Lent, the Feast of Trinity, and the Sundays after the 
Wednesdays following the fourteenth day of September and the thirteenth 
of December. 

CANON 10. 

'No person, not a member of this Church, who shall profess to be eph- 
copally ordained, shall be permitted to officiate therein, until he shall 
have exhibited to the Vestry of the Church in which- he shall offer to 
officiate, a certificate signed by the Bishop of the Diocese or district, or, 
where there is no Bishop, by three Clergymen of the Standing Committee 
of the Convention of that State, that his Letters of Orders are authentic, 

6 



82 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

and given by some Bishop whose authority is acknowledged by this 
Church, and also satisfactory evidence of his moral character. 
Signed by order of the Convention, 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Common 
wealth of Pennsylvania, and President of the Convention. 
FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



Mr. Andrews moved the following resolve: 

Whereas it appears that sundry other Canons are necessary 
for the good government of the Church, 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Dr. White, the Rev. Dr. 
Smith, Rev. Dr. Magaw, Rev. Mr. Smith, Mr. Hopkinson, 
Dr. Clarkson, and Mr. T. Coxe, he a Committee to prepare 
and report to the next meeting of this Convention, such ad 
ditional Canons as to them shall seem necessary. 

Which was agreed to. 

The Convention took into consideration the two Articles 
of the Constitution which had been postponed, and which 
they amended and agreed to. 

Ordered, that the Constitution be engrossed for signing 

The engrossed address to the President of the United 
States was read and signed by the Contention. 

Ordered, that the Right Reverend Dr. Provost, the Rev. 
Mr. Smith, Mr. Andrews, Mr. John Cox, Mr. Brisbane, the 
Rev. Dr. Beach, the Rev. Dr. Moore, Mr. Rogers, the Rev. 
Mr. Ogden, Rev. Mr. Spieren, the Rev. Mr. Waddel, and the 
Hon. Mr.Duane, with snch other gentlemen as have been de 
puted to this Convention, who may be in New York, be re 
quested to present the same to the President of the United 
States. 

Resolved, That the said address, with the answer that 
may be received thereto, be printed in the Journals of the 
adjourned meeting of this Convention. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, August 8th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset read prayers. 

The engrossed Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church was then read, and signed by the Convention; and is 
as follows. 



1789.] JOtRXAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 83 

2S 



OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED 
STATES OF AMERICA. 

ART. 1. There shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America on the first Tuesday of Au 
gust, in the year of our Lord, 1792, and on the first Tuesday of August in 
every third year afterwards, in such place as shall be determined by the 
Convention; and special meetings may be called at other times, in the 
manner hereafter to be provided for; and this Church, in a majority of the 
States which shall have adopted this Constitution, shall be represented, 
before they shall proceed to business, except that the representation from 
two States shall be sufficient to adjourn; and in all business of the Con 
vention freedom of debate shall be allowed. 

ART. 2. The Church in each State shall be entitled to a representation 
of both the Clergy and the Laity, which representation shall consist of 
one or more Deputies, not exceeding four of each Order, chosen by the 
Convention of the State : and in all questions, when required by the Cleri 
cal or Lay representation from any State, each Order shall have one vote ; 
and the majority of suffrages by States shall be conclusive in each Order, 
provided such majority comprehend a majority of the States represented 
in that Order. The concurrence of both Orders shall be necessary to 
constitute a vote of the Convention. If the Convention of any State 
should neglect or decline to appoint Clerical Deputies, or if they should 
neglect or decline to appoint Lay Deputies, or if any of those of either 
Order appointed should neglect to attend, or be prevented by sickness or 
any other accident, such State shall nevertheless be considered as duly re 
presented by such Deputy or Deputies as may attend, whether lay or cle 
rical. And if, through the neglect of the Convention of any of the 
Churches which shall have adopted, or may hereafter adopt this Constitu 
tion, no Deputies, either Lay or Clerical, should attend at any General 
Convention, the Church in such State shall nevertheless be bound by the 
acts of such Convention. 

ART. 3. The Bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, 
shall, whenever General Conventions are held, form a House of revision ; 
and when any proposed act shall have passed in the General Convention, 
the same shall be transmitted to the House of revision for their concur 
rence. And if the same shall be sent back to the Convention, with the 
negative or non-concurrence of the House of revision, it shall be again 
considered in the General Convention, and if the Convention shall adhere 
to the said act by a majority of three-fifths of their body, it shall become 
a law to all intents and purposes, notwithstanding the non-concurrence of 
the House of revision ; and all acts of the Convention shall be authenticated 
by both Houses. And in all cases, the House of Bishops shall signify 
to the Convention their approbation or disapprobation, the latter with 
their reasons in writing, within two days after the proposed act shall have 
been reported to them for concurrence, and in failure thereof it shall 
have the operation of a law. But until there shall be three or more Bish 
ops as aforesaid, any Bishop attending a General Convention shall be a 
member ex officio, and shall vote with the Clerical Deputies of the State 
to which he belongs. And a Bishop shall then preside. 



84 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

ART. 4. The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall be chosen agree 
ably to such rules as shall be fixed by the Convention of that State. And 
every Bishop of this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal 
office to his proper Diocese or District, unless requested to ordain or con 
firm, or perform any other act of the Episcopal office, by any Church 
destitute of a Bishop. 

ART. 5. A Protestant Episcopal Church in any of the United States 
not now represented, may, at any time hereafter, be admitted, on acced 
ing to this Constitution. 

ART. 6. In every State, the mode of trying Clergymen shall be institut 
ed by the Convention of the Church therein. At every trial of a Bishop 
there shall be one or more of the Episcopal Order present: and none but 
a Bishop shall pronounce sentence of deposition or degradation from the 
Ministry on any Clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon. 

ART. 7. No person shall be admitted to Holy Orders, until he shall 
have been examined by the Bishop and by two Presbyters, and shall 
have exhibited such testimonials and other requisites as the Canons rn 
that case provided may direct. Nor shall any person be ordained until 
he shall have subscribed the following declaration : " I do believe the 
Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the word of God, 
and to contain all things necessary to salvation : and I do solemnly en 
gage to conform to the doctrines and worship of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in these United States." No person ordained by a foreign Bishop 
shall be permitted to officiate as a Minister of this Church, until he shall 
have complied with the Canon or Canons in that case provided, and have 
also subscribed the aforesaid declaration. 

ART. 8. A Book of Common Prayer, Administration of the Sacra 
ments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, Articles of Reli 
gion, and a form and manner of making, ordaining, and consecrating 
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, when established by this or a future Gen 
eral Convention, shall be used in the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
these States, which shall have adopted this Constitution. 

ART. 9. This Constitution shall be unalterable, unless in General Con 
vention by the Church in a majority of the States which may have adopt 
ed the same ; and all alterations shall be first proposed in one General 
Convention, and made known to the several State Conventions, before 
they shall be finally agreed to, or ratified, in the ensuing General Con 
vention. 

In General Convention, in Christ Church, Philadelphia, August the 
8th, One thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and 
President of the Convention. 

NEW YORK . . . ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., Assistant Min 
ister of Trinity Church, in the City of 
New York. 

BEXJAMIX MOORE, D.D., Assistant Mi 
nister of Trinity Church, in the City of 
New York. 

-MoSKS RoGKliS. 

NEW JERSEY. . . WILLIAM FRAZER, Rector of St. Micha- 
el's Church, in Trenton, and St. An 
drew's Church, in Amwell. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 



85 



PENNSYLVANIA 



DELAWARE 



MARYLAND 



VIRGINIA . . . . 
SOUTH CAROLINA 



UZAL OGDEN, Rector of Trinity Church, 
Newark. 

HENRY WADDEU,, .Rector of Shrewsbury 
and Middletown, New Jersey. 

GEORGE H. SPIEREN, Rector of St. Pe 
ter's, Amboy. 

JOHN Cox. 

SAMUEL OGDEN. 

R. STRETTELL JONES. 

SAMUEL MACAW, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Philadelphia. 

ROBERT BLACKWELL, D.D., Senior As 
sistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 

JOSEPH PILMORE, Rector of the United 
Churches of Trinity, St. Thomas, and 
All Saints. 

JOSEPH G. J. BEND, Assistant Minister 
of Christ Church and St. Peter's, Phi 
ladelphia. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON. 

GrERARDUS CLARKSON. 

TENCH COXE. 

SAMUEL POWEL, Esq. 

JOSEPH COUDEN, A.M., Rector of St. 
Anne's. 

STEPHEN SYKES, A.M.. Rector of St. 
Petpr's nnH St. Matthew's, in Sussex 

JAMES SYKES. [County. 

WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., a Clerical Dele 
gate for Maryland, appointed in a Con 
vention as Rector of Chester Parish, 
Kent County. 

COLIN FERGUSON, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Kent County. 

JOHN BISSETT, A.M., Rector of Shrews 
bury Parish, Kent County. 

RICHARD B. CARMICHAEL. 

WILLIAM FRISBY. 

ROBERT ANDREWS. 

ROBERT SMITH, Rector of St. Philip'n 
Church, Charleston, and Principal of 
Charleston College. 

WILLIAM BRISBANE. 

W. W. BURROWS. 



'Proposals for an edition of the Holy Bible, by Mr. Isaac 
Collins, of Trenton, were laid before this Convention, and 
satisfactory information was given them, as to the proposer's 
abilities for the execution of the work. 

Whereupon Resolved, on motion of Mr. Jones, 



86 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

That the members of this Convention will assist Mr. Col 
lins in the procuring of subscriptions. 

The Committee for preparing an address to the Most Rev. 
the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, reported an ad 
dress, which was read and adopted. 

Ordered, that it be engrossed for signing, and that it be 
signed by the members of the Convention, as their address, 
and by the President officially. 

Ordered, that it be published in the Journal of the ad 
journed meeting of this Convention. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Right Rev. Dr. White, 
Rev. Dr. Smith, Rev. Dr. Magaw, Hon. Mr. Hopkinson, Mr. 
T. Coxe, and Mr. Burrows, be a Committee to forward the 
above-mentioned address; to prepare and forward the neces 
sary answers to the Rev. Mr. Parker and the Clergy of 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, respecting their applica 
tion for the consecration of the Rev. Edward Bass, their 
Bishop elect; to answer, as far as may be necessary, the 
Right Rev. Dr. Seabury's letters; to forward the minutes 
and proceedings of this Convention to the English Archbish 
ops and Bishops ; and also to the Right. Rev. Dr. Seabury., 
and to the Eastern and other Churches not included in this 
union, to notify to them the time and place to which this Con 
vention should adjourn, and request their attendance at the 
same, for the good purposes of union and general govern 
ment; and to call such special meetings of the Convention 
as may be necessary. 

Resolved, That this Convention adjourn, to meet at Phi 
ladelphia, on Tuesday, the 29th of September next, and that 
the Right Rev. Dr. Provost be requested to open the Con 
vention with a Sermon. 

Signed by order of the Convention, 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Com 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, and President of the 
Convention. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 



To all Persons to whom these presents shall come, or whom 
the same shall or may in any wise or at any time concern, we, 
John, by Divine Providence, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Primate of all England, and Metropolitan, send greeting: 

Whereas by an Act of Parliament passed at Westminster, 
in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of our sovereign lord 
George the Third, King of Great Britain, France, and Ire 
land, entituled, " An Act to empower the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, or the Archbishop of York, for the time being, 
to consecrate to the Office of a Bishop, Persons, being 
Subjects or Citizens of Countries out of His Majesty's do 
minions," 

It is enacted, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the Arch 
bishop of Canterbury, or the Archbishop of York for the time being, 
together with such other Bishops as they shall call to their assist 
ance, to consecrate persons being subjects or' citizens of countries out of 
his Majesty's dominions, Bishops for the purposes aforesaid, without the 
King's licence for their election, or the Royal mandate under the Great 
Seal for their confirmation and consecration, and without requiring them 
to take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and the oath of due obe 
dience to the Archbishop for the time being. Provided always, that no 
persons shall be consecrated Bishops in the manner herein provided, un 
til the Archbishop of Canterbury or the Archbishop of York, for the 
time being, shall have first applied for and obtained his Majesty's licence, 
by warrant under his Royal signet and sign manual, authorizing and im- 
powering him to perform such consecration, and expressing the name or 
names of the persons so to be consecrated ; nor until the said Archbishop 
has been fully ascertained of their sufficiency in good learning, of the 
soundness of their faith, and of the purity of their manners. Provided 
also, and be it hereby declared, that no person or persons consecrated to 
the office of a Bishop in the manner aforesaid, nor any person or persons 
deriving their consecration from or under any Bishop so consecrated, nor 
any person or persons admitted to the Order of Deacon or Priest by any 
Bishop or Bishops so consecrated, or by the successor or successors of 
any Bishop or Bishops so consecrated, shall be thereby enabled to exer 

(87) 



88 APPENDIX. [178-9. 

cise his or their respective office or offices within his Majesty's dominions. 
Provided always, and be it farther enacted, that a certificate of such con 
secration shall be given under the hand and seal of the Archbishop who 
' oasecrates, containing the name of the person so consecrated, wiih the 
addition as well of the country whereof he is a subject or citizen, as of 
thu Church in which he is appointed Bishop, and the farther description 
of his not having taken the said oaths, being exempted from the obliga 
tion of so doing by virtue of this Act. 

Now know all men by these presents, that we the said John 
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, having obtained his Ma 
jesty's licence, by warrant under his royal signet and sign 
manual, did, in pursuance of the said Act of Parliament, on 
Sunday, the fourth day of February, in the year of our Lord 
One thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, in the Chapel 
of our Palace at Lambeth, in the county of Surry, admit our be 
loved in Christ, William White, Clerk, D.D., a subject or citi 
zen of the State of Pennsylvania, fn North America, and Rec 
tor of Christ Church and St. Peter's, in the city of Philadel 
phia, in the said State, of whose sufficiency in good learning, 
soundness in the faith, and purity of manners, we were fully 
ascertained, into the office of a Bishop of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church, in the State of Pennsylvania aforesaid, to 
which the said William White hath been elected by the Con 
vention for the said State, as appears unto us by due testi 
mony thereof by him produced, and him the said William 
White did then and there rightly and canonically consecrate 
a Bishop, according to the manner and form prescribed and 
used by the Church of England, his taking the oaths of alle 
giance, supremacy, and canonical obedience only excepted, 
he being exempted from the obligation of taking the said 
oaths by virtue of the above recited act. Provided, that 
neither he the said Bishop, nor any person or persons deriv 
ing their consecration from or under him, nor any person or 
persons admitted to the Order of Deacon or Priest by him, 
or his successor or successors, shall be enabled to exercise 
his or their respective office or offices within his Majesty's 
dominions. In testimony whereof we have caused our Archi- 
Episcopal seal to be affixed to these presents. Given at 
Lambeth House the day and year above written, and in the 
fourth year of our translation. 

J. [L. S.] CANTUAR. 

We, William Lord Archbishop of York, Charles Lord 



1789.] APPENDIX. 89 

Bishop of Bath and Wells, and John Lord Bishop of Peter 
borough, were present, and assisting at the consecration 
within mentioned. 

W. EBOR. 

C. BATH AND WELLS. 

J. PETERBOROUGH. 

The signatures of the Archbishops of Canterbury and 
York, and of the Bishops of Bath and Wells, and Peter 
borough, were made in my presence, February 4th, 1787. 

WM. DICKES, 

(COPT.) SECRETARY TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. 

On Sunday, the fourth day of February, in the year of 
our Lord One thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and 
in the fourth year of the translation of the Most Reverend 
Father in God, John, by Divine Providence Lord Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Primate of all England, and Metropolitan, in 
the chapel at the Palace at Lambeth, in the county of Surry, 
the said Most Reverend Father in God, by virtue and au 
thority of a certain licence or warrant from his most gra 
cious Majesty, and our sovereign Lord George the Third, by 
the grace of God of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, 
King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth, to him in this be 
half directed, the Most Reverend Father in God, William, 
by the same Providence Lord Archbishop of York, Primate 
of England and Metropolitan, and the Right Reverend Fa 
thers in God, Charles, by divine permission Lord Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, and John, by divine permission Lord Bishop 
of Peterborough, assisting him, consecrated the Rev. Wil 
liam White, Doctor in Divinity, Rector of Christ Church 
and St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia, a subject or citi 
zen of the United States of North America, and the Rever 
end Samuel Provost, Doctor in Divinity, Rector of Trinity 
Church in the city of New York, a subject or citizen also of 
the United States of North America, to the Office of a Bishop 
respectively, the rites, circumstances, and ceremonies an 
ciently used in the Church of England being observed and 
applied, according to the tenor of an Act passed in the 
twenty-sixth year of the reign of his said Majesty, entituled, 
" An Act to empower the Archbishop of Canterbury, or the 
Archbishop of York, for the time being, to consecrate to the 
Office of a Bishop, persons being subjects or citizens of 



90 APPENDIX. [1789. ' 

countries out of his Majesty's dominions," in the presence 
of me, Robert Jenner, Notary Public, one of the Deputy Re 
gisters of the Province of Canterbury, being then and there 
present the Reverend and Worshipful William Backhouse, 
Doctor in Divinity, Archdeacon of Canterbury, the Rev. 

Lort, Doctor in Divinity, the Rev. Drake, Doctor 

in Divinity, William Dickes, Esquire, Notary Public, Secre 
tary to his grace the said Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, 
with many others in great numbers then and there assem 
bled. Which I attest. 

RT. JENNER, 
(COPT.) NOTARY PUBLIC ACTUARY ASSUMED. 

And we, the underwritten Notaries Public, by royal au 
thority duly admitted and sworn, residing in Doctor's Com 
mons, London, do hereby certify and attest, to all whom it 
may concern, that Robert Jenner, whose name is subscribed 
to the aforegoing act, was and is a Notary Public, and one 
of the Deputy Registers of the Province of Canterbury, 
and that the letters, name, and words, " Rt. Jenner, Notary 
Public," thereto subscribed, were and are of the proper hand 
writing and subscription of the said Robert Jenner ; and that 
we saw him sign the same; and that full faith and entire 
credit is and ought to be given to all the acts, subscriptions, 
and attestations, of the said Robert Jenner, as well in judg 
ment as out. In testimony whereof we have hereunto sub 
scribed our names, to serve and avail as occasion may re 
quire, at Doctor's Commons, London, this fifth day of Feb 
ruary, in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred 
and eighty-seven. Which we attest. 

EDWARD COOPER, NOTARY PUBLIC. 

(COPT.) WILLIAM ABBOT, NOTARY PUBLIC. 



NOTE. The Letter of Consecration of the Right Rev. Dr. Provost, 
will be annexed to the next Journal of the General Convention, 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OP THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY AND LAITY, 



OF THE 



"JProfasfanf ^pisropl (JfiurrB 



IN 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



IK 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 
29ra, TO FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16TH, 1789. 

(91) 



PREFACE. 



AT a Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Dela 
ware, Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, held in 
Christ Church, in the city of Philadelphia, from July 28th 
to August 8th, 1789, upon the consideration of certain com 
munications from the Bishop and Clergy of the Church in 
Connecticut, and from the Clergy in the Churches of Massa 
chusetts and New Hampshire, it was resolved to adjourn to 
the 29th day of September following, in order to meet the 
said Churches, for the purpose of settling articles of union, 
discipline, oxiiformity of worship, and general government 
among all the Churches in the United States. 

The following is a Journal of the proceedings of both 
Houses, (viz., of Bishops, and of Clerical and Lay Deputies) 
in the said adjourned Convention. 
(92) 



JOURNAL. 



CHRIST CHURCH, 
TUESDAY, September 29th, 1789. 
Right Rev. Dr. White, the Rev. Dr. William 
Smith, the Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, the Rev. Mr. 
Bend, Robert Andrews, Esq., and Dr. Gerardus 
Clarkson, met at Christ Church, but not being a sufficient 
number to proceed to business, 

Adjourned until 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 




CHRIST CHURCH, WEDNESDAY, September 30th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Right Rev. Dr. White presided, ex officio. 

The Rev. Mr. Bracken read prayers. 

The Rev. Mr. Bracken, Clerical Deputy from the Church 
in Virginia,* produced testimonials of his appointment, 
which being read and approved, he took his seat. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Samuel Seabury, Bishop of the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church in Connecticut, attended, to confer 
with the Convention, agreeable to the invitation given him, 
in consequence of a resolve passed at their late session ; and 
the Rev. Dr. Samuel Parker, Deputy from the Churches in 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and the Rev. Mr. Bela 
Hubbard and the Rev. Mr. Abraham Jarvis, Deputies from 
the Church in Connecticut, produced testimonials of their 
appointment to confer with the Convention, in consequence 
of a similar invitation. 

These testimonials were read, and deemed satisfactory. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Seabury produced his Letters of 
Consecration to the holy office of a Bishop in this Church, 

* This being an adjourned Convention, testimonials were only re 
quired from new members. 

(93) 



94 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

which were read, and ordered to he recorded. (See the Ap 
pendix.) 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary, the Hon. 
Francis Hopkinson, be permitted and requested to appoint 
an assistant Secretary, who is not a member of this Con 
vention. 

Resolved, That this Convention will, to-morrow, go into a 
Committee of the whole, on the subject of the proposed 
union with the Churches in the States of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts, and Connecticut, as now represented in Con 
vention. 

Resolved further, That the hours of business in Conven 
tion, shall be from 9 o'clock in the morning until 3 in the 
afternoon. Adj ourned. 



CHRIST CHURCH, THURSDAY, October 1st, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Rowe read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach, from New York, the Rev. Mr. Fra- 
zer, and James Parker, Esq., from New Jersey, and James 
Sykes, Esq., from Delaware, took their seats in Convention. 

Mr. Joseph Borden Hopkinson, was admitted as assistant 
Secretary. 

Mr. John Rumsey produced credentials as a Lay Deputy 
from the State of Maryland, and was admitted to his seat. 

The meeting in Christ Church being found inconvenient 
to the members in several respects, 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. William Smith 
and the Hon. Mr. Secretary Hopkinson, be appointed to wait 
upon his Excellency, Thomas Mifflin, Esq., the President of 
the State, and to request leave for the Convention to hold 
their meeting in some convenient apartment in the State 
House. 

The Convention then resolved itself into a Committee of 
the whole, agreeably to the order of the day. 

The Rev. Dr. Robert Smith in the chair. 

And after some time rose and reported the following re 
solve, viz.: 

Resolved, That for the better promotion of an union of 
this Church with the eastern Churches, the General Consti 
tution established at the last session of this Convention is yet 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 95 

open to amendment and alterations, by virtue of the powers 
delegated to this Convention. 

The question being put on this Report, and a division 
called for, it was determined in the affirmative. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to 
confer with the Deputies from the eastern Churches, on the 
subject of the proposed union with those Churches. Where 
upon, 

The Rev. Dr. William Smith, the Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, 
Rev. Dr. Benjamin Moore, Richard Harrison, and Tench 
Coxe, Esqrs., were chosen for this purpose. 

The Rev. Dr. William Smith and Hon. Mr. Hopkinson 
reported, that the President of the State had very politely 
given permission to the Convention to hold their meetings at 
the State House, in the apartments of the General Assembly, 
,until they shall be wanted for the public service. 

Adjourned, to meet at the State House to-morrow morning. 



STATE HOUSE, IN THE CITY OP PHILADELPHIA, 

FRIDAY, October 2d, 1789. 
The Convention met. 

The Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, read prayers. 
The Rev. Dr. William Smith, from the Committee ap 
pointed to confer with the Deputies, from the Churches of 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Connecticut, concerning 
a plan of union among all the Protestant Episcopal Churches 
in the United States of America, reported as follows ? viz. 

That they have had a full, free, and friendly conference with the Depu 
ties of the said Churches, who, on behalf of the Church in their several 
States, and by virtue of sufficient authority from them, have signified 
that they do not object to the Constitution which was approved at the 
former session of this Convention, if the third article of that Constitution 
may be so modified as to declare explicitly the right of the Bishops, when 
sitting in a separate House, to originate and propose acts for the concur 
rence of the other House of Convention, and to negative such acts pro 
posed by the other House as they may disapprove. 

Your Committee conceiving this alteration to be desirable in itself, as 
having a tendency to give greater stability to the Constitution, without 
diminishing any security that is now possessed by the Clergy or Laity ; 
and being sincerely impressed with the importance of an 'union to the fu 
ture prosperity of the Church, do therefore recommend to the Convention 
a compliance with the wishes of their brethren, and that the third article 
of the ConstituHion may be altered accordingly. Upon such alteration 



96 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789 

being made, it is declared by the Deputies from the Churches in the east 
em States, that they will subscribe the Constitution, and become members 
of this General Convention. 

Upon special motion, the above Report was read a second 
time; whereupon the following resolution was proposed, viz.: 

Resolved, That the Convention do adopt that part of the 
Report of the Committee, which proposes to modify the Third 
Article of the Constitution, so as to declare explicitly "the 
right of the Bishops, when sitting in a separate House, to 
originate and propose acts for the concurrence of the other 
House of Convention, and to negative such acts proposed by 
the other House as they may disapprove, provided they are 
not adhered to by four-fifths of the other House." 

After some debate, the resolution, with the proviso an 
nexed, was agreed upon, and the Third Article was accord 
ingly modified in the manner following, viz. : 

ART. 3. The Bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, 
shall, whenever General Conventions are held, form a separate House, 
with a right to originate and propose acts for the concurrence of the 
House of Deputies, composed of Clergy and Laity ; and when any pro 
posed act shall have passed the House of Deputies, the same shall be 
transmitted to the House of Bishops, who shall have a negative there 
upon, unless adhered to by four-fifths of the other House : and all acts of 
the Convention shall be authenticated by both Houses. And, in all cases, 
the House of Bishops shall signify to the Convention their approbation or 
disapprobation, the latter, with their reasons in writing, within three days 
after the proposed act shall have been reported to them for concurrence ; 
and in failure thereof, it shall have the operation of a law. But until 
there shall be three or more Bishops as aforesaid, any Bishop attending a 
General Convention, shall be a member ex officio, and shall vote with the 
Clerical Deputies of the State to which he belongs: and a Bishop shall 
then preside. 

On motion, Resolved, That it be made known to the se 
veral State Conventions, that it is proposed to consider and 
determine, in the next General Convention, on the propriety 
of investing the House of Bishops with a full negative upon 
the proceedings of the other House. 

Ordered, that the General Constitution of this Church, as 
now altered and amended, be laid before the Right Rev. Dr. 
Seabury, and the Deputies from the Churches in the eastern 
States, for their approbation and assent. 

After a short time, they delivered the following testimony 
of their assent to the same viz. : 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 97 

OCTOBER 2, 1789. 

We do hereby agree to the Constitution of the Church, as modified this 
day in Convention. 

SAMUEL SEABURY, D.D., Bishop of the Epis 
copal Church in Connecticut. 
ABRAHAM JARVIS, A.M., Rector of Christ 

Church, Middletown: 

BELA HUBBARD, A.M., Rector of Trinity 
Church, New Haven : 

STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 
SAMUEL PARKER, D.D., Rector of Trinity 
Church, Boston, and Clerical Deputy for 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire. 

After subscribing as above, the Right Rev. Bishop Sea- 
bury, and the Clerical Deputies aforesaid, took their seats 
as members of the Convention. 

On motion, the Rev. Dr. Parker and Rev. Mr. Jarvis, 
were added to the Committee for revising the Canons. 

Adjourned. 



STATE HOUSE, SATURDAY, October 3d, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Mr. Ogden read prayers. 

Mr. Charles Goldsborough produced the credentials of his 
appointment as a Lay Deputy from the Church in Maryland, 
and took his seat accordingly. 

The Right Rev. Bishop White informed the Convention 
that he had received certain letters from the Right Rev. 
Bishop Provost, with a request that they may be communi 
cated to the Convention ; which were read accordingly. 

On motion, Resolved, That, agreeably to the Constitu 
tion of the Church, as altered and confirmed, there is now in 
this Convention a separate House of Bishops. 

The Bishops now withdrawing, the President's chair was 
declared vacant; whereupon the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies proceeded to the election of a President by ballot, 
and the Rev. William Smith, D.D., Clerical Deputy from 
Maryland (Provost of the College of Philadelphia) was duly 
chosen, and took the chair accordingly. 

Resolved, That seats be provided on the right hand of 
the chair, for the accommodation of the Bishops, when they 
shall choose to be present at the proceedings and debates of 
this House. 



HERE ends the Journal of the proceedings of the Conven 
tion, as consisting of a single House. The Journals of the 
two Houses will now follow, separately; to which will be 
prefixed the General Ecclesiastical Constitution, as subscrib 
ed and entered on the Book of Records, which will answer 
the intention, as well of exhibiting a List of the Members of 
both Houses in Convention, as of defining their separate 
rights and powers. 
(98) 



(JonsHhiHon 



OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED 
STATES OF AMERICA. 

ART. 1. There shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America on the second Tuesday of Sep 
tember, in the year of our Lord 1 7 92 r and on the second Tuesday of September 
in every third year afterwards, in such place as shall be determined by the 
Convention; and special meetings may be called at other times, in the 
manner hereafter to be provided for; and this Church, in a majority of the 
States which shall have adopted this Constitution, shall be represented, 
before they shall proceed to business, except that the representation from 
two States shall be sufficient to adjourn ; and in all business of the Con 
vention, freedom of debate shall be allowed. 

ART. 2. The Church in each State shall be entitled to a representation 
of both the Clergy and the Laity, which representation shall consist of 
one or more Deputies, not exceeding four of each Order, chosen by the 
Convention of the State : and in all questions, when required by the Cleri 
cal or Lay representation from any State, each Order shall have one vote ; 
and the majority of suffrages by States shall be conclusive in each Order, 
provided such majority comprehend a majority of the States represented 
in that Order. The concurrence of both Orders shall be necessary to 
constitute a vote of the Convention. If the Convention of any State 
should neglect or decline to appoint Clerical Deputies, or if they should 
neglect or decline to appoint Lay Deputies, or if any of those of either 
Order appointed should neglect to attend, or be prevented by sickness or 
any other accident, such State shall nevertheless be considered as duly re 
presented by such Deputy or Deputies as may attend, whether lay or cle 
rical. And if, through the neglect of the Convention of any of the 
Churches which shall have adopted, or may hereafter adopt this Constitu 
tion, no Deputies, either Lay or Clerical, should attend at any General 
Convention, the Church in such State shall nevertheless be bound by the 
acts of such Convention. 

ART. 3. The Bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, 
shall, whenever General Conventions are held, form a separate House, 
with a right to originate and propose acts for the concurrence of the 
House of Deputies, composed of Clergy and Laity ; and when any pro 
posed act shall have passed the House of Deputies, the same shall be 
transmitted to the House of Bishops, who shall have a negative thereupon 
unless adhered to by four-fifths of the other House. And all acts of the 
Convention shall be authenticated by both Houses. And in all cases, 
the House of Bishops shall signify to the Convention their approba 
tion or disapprobation, the latter with their reasons in writing, within 
three days after the proposed act shall have been reported to them for 
concurrence, and in failure thereof it shall have the operation of a law. 

(99) 



100 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

But until there shall be three or more Bishops as aforesaid, any Bishop 
attending a General Convention shall be a member ex officio, and shall 
vote with the Clerical Deputies of the State to which he belongs ; and 
a Bishop shall then preside. 

ART. 4. The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall be chosen agree 
ably to such rules as shall be fixed by the Convention of that State. And 
every Bishop of this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal 
office to his proper Diocese or District, unless requested to ordain or con 
firm, or perform any other act of the Episcopal office, by any Church 
destitute of a Bishop. 

ART. 5. A Protestant Episcopal Church in anv of the United States 
not now represented, may, at any time hereafter, be admitted, on acced 
ing to this Constitution. 

ART. 6. In everv State, the mode of trying Clergymen shall be institut 
ed by the Convention of the Church therein. At every trial of a Bishop 
there shall be one or more of the Episcopal Order present: and none but 
a Bishop shall pronounce sentence of deposition or degradation from the 
Ministry on any Clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon. 

ART. 7. No person shall be admitted to Holy Orders, until he shall 
have been examined by the Bishop and by two Presbyters, and shall 
have exhibited such testimonials and other requisites as the Canons in 
that case provided may direct. Nor shall any person be ordained until 
he shall have subscribed the following declaration : " I do believe the 
Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the word of God, 
and to contain all things necessary to salvation : and I do solemnly en 
gage to conform to the doctrines and worship of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in these United States." No person ordained by a foreign Bishop 
shall be permitted to officiate as a Minister of .this Church, until he shall 
have complied with the Canon or Canons in that case provided, and have 
also subscribed the aforesaid declaration. 

ART. 8. A Book of Common Prayer, Administration of the Sacra 
ments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, Articles of Reli 
gion, and a form and manner of making, ordaining, and consecrating 
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, when established by this or a future Gen 
eral Convention, shall be used in the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
those States, which shall have adopted this Constitution. 

ART. 9. This Constitution shall be unalterable, unless in General Con 
vention by the Church in a majority of the States which may have adopt 
ed the same ; and all alterations shall be first proposed in one General 
Convention, and made known to the several State Conventions, before 
they shall be finally agreed to, or ratified, in the ensuing General Con 
vention. 

Done in General Convention of the Bishops, Clergy, and Laity of the 
Church, the second day of October, 1789, and ordered to be transcribed 
into the Book of Records, and subscribed, which was done as follows, 
vi/. 

IN THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

SAMUEL SEABURY, D.D., Bishop of Con 
necticut. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Penn 
sylvania. 



1789.] 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 



101 



IN THE HOUSE OP CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE < 
MASSACHUSETTS 

CONNECTICUT . 



NEW YORK . . . 



NEW JERSEY. . 



PENNSYLVANIA . 



DELAWARE . . . 
MARYLAND . . . 

VIRGINIA .... 
SOUTH CAROLINA 



WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., President of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
and Clerical Deputy from Maryland. 

E 

SAMUEL PARKER, D.D., Rector of Trinity 
Church, Boston. 

BELA HUBBARD, A.M., Rector of Trinity 
Church, New Haven. 

ABRAHAM JARVIS, A.M., Rector of Christ 
Church, Middletown. 

BENJAMIN MOORE, D.D., ") Assistant 
ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., /Ministers of 
Trinity Church, in the City of New 
York. 

RICHARD HARRISON, Lay Deputy from 
the State of New York. 

UZAL OGDEN, Rector of Trinity Church, 
Newark. 

WILLIAM FRAZER, A.M., Rector of St. Mi 
chael's Church, Trenton, and St. An 
drew's Church, Amwell. 

SAMUEL OGDEN, ) T ^ ,. 

R. STRETTELL JONES, } La y Deputies. 

SAMUEL MAGAW, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Philadelphia. 

ROBERT BLACKWELL, D.D., Senior As 
sistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 

JOSEPH G. J. BEND, Assistant Minister 
of Christ Church and St. Peter's, Phi 
ladelphia. 

JOSEPH PILMORE, Rector of the United 
Churches of Trinity, St. Thomas, and 
All Saints. 

GERARDUS CLARKSON, Lay Deputies 

TENCH COXE, | from the State 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON, j of Pennsylva- 

SAMUEL POWEL, nia. 

JOSEPH COWDEN, A.M., Rector of St. 
Anne's. 

ROBERT CLAY, Rector of Emanuel and 
St. James's Churches. 

JOHN BISSETT, A.M., Rector of Shrews 
bury Parish, Kent County. 

JOHN RUMSEY, 1 Lay 

CHARLES GOLDSBOROUGH, J Deputies. 

JOHN BRACKEN, Rector of Bruton Pa 
rish, Williamsburg. 

ROBERT ANDREWS, Lay Deputy. 

ROBERT SMITH, D.D., Rector of St. Phi 
lip's Church, Charleston. 



102 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789 

WILLIAM SMITH, \ Lay Deputies from 
WILLIAM BRISBANE, J the State of South 
Carolina. 

Sundry other members attended this Convention at dif 
ferent times of sitting, but were absent on the day of sign 
ing the Constitution. See the names occasionally entered 
on the Journal. 



JOURNAL 



OP THE 



of Qfcrirel anb Eeg 



tl . STATE HOUSE, SATURDAY, October 3d, 1789. 
1 U Bishops having withdrawn, and a President being 
chosen as aforesaid, the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies proceeded to business, as follows, viz. 

The Committee on the Canons being called upon, reported 
progress, and had leave to sit again. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare a 
Calendar and tables of Lessons for Morning and Evening 
Prayer throughout the year; also Collects, Epistles, and 
Gospels; and Rev. Dr. Parker, Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Mr. 
Bend, Dr. Clarkson, and Rev. Mr. Jarvis were chosen for 
this purpose. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare a 
Morning and Evening Service for the use of the Church. 
The Rev. Mr. Hubbard, Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, Rev. Dr. 
Blackwell, Mr. Rumsey, and Mr. Andrews, were chosen. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare a 
Litany, with occasional prayers and thanksgivings; and 
Rev. Dr. Beach, Rev. Mr. Bracken, Rev. Mr. Bisset, Mr. 
Hopkinson, and Mr. Goldsborough were chosen. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to prepare an 
order for the administration of the Holy Communion; and 
Rev. Mr. Pilmore, Rev. Mr. Ogden, Col. Ogden, Rev. Mr. 
Frazer, and Mr. Sykes were appointed. 

Adjourned to Monday morning. 

(103) 



104 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789, 

MONDAY, October 5th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset read prayers. 

William Smith, Esq., from South Carolina, took his seat 
in the House. 

The Standing Committee appointed at the former session 
of this Convention, made report as follows: 

That they had forwarded the address to the Most Reverend the Arch 
bishops of Canterbury and York ; and that they prepared and forwarded 
answers to the Rev. Dr. Parker and the Clergy of Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire ; that they answered, as far as was necessary, the letters of 
the Right Reverend Bishop Seabury; that they notified the Church in the 
several States not included in this union, the time and place to which the 
Convention had adjourned, and requested their sending Deputies to the 
same, for the good purposes of union and general government; and that 
they inclosed, in each of the communications mentioned in this Report, a 
copy of the minutes and proceedings of this Convention at their last 
session. 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset and the Rev. Mr. Bend were ap 
pointed to assist the Secretary in preparing the minutes for 
the press. 

The Committee on the morning and evening service re 
ported a morning service, which was read, and afterwards 
considered by paragraphs. 

Adjourned. 



TUESDAY, October 6th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Bend read prayers. 

The Committee on the Litany, etc., reported a Litany, 
which was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to report in 
what manner the Psalms should be used, whereupon the fol 
lowing members were elected by ballot for that service: 
Mr. Andrews, Mr. Hopkinson, Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Dr. 
Parker, and Rev. Dr. Robert Smith. 

The Convention then resumed the consideration of the 
report on the morning service, and having made farther pro 
gress therein, 

Adjourned to Thursday morning. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 105 

THURSDAY, October 8th, 1T89. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Dr. Parker read prayers. 

The Rev. Mr. Bloomer, from New York, Mr. Brisbane, 
from South Carolina, and the Rev. Dr. Magaw, from Penn 
sylvania, took their seats in the House. 

The Rev. Mr. Hubbard was chosen Vice-President of this 
House. 

The Convention resumed the consideration of the report 
on the morning service, and completed the same. 

Ordered, that it be transcribed, and authenticated by the 
President and Secretary, and that the Rev. Dr. R. Smith 
and Mr. Andrews carry it to the House of Bishops for their 
concurrence. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Dr. Parker and Rev. Mr. Bend, of 
the Committee on the Lessons, Calendar, etc., carry their re 
port, as far as they have prepared it, to the House of Bish 
ops for their consideration. 

Mr. Harrison and Mr. Rumsey obtained leave of absence. 

Adjourned. 



FRIDAY, October 9th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Dr. Magaw read prayers. 

The Committee on the morning and evening service report 
ed an evening service, which was read, and ordered to lie on 
the table. 

The Committee on the Communion Service made a report, 
which was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The report on the Litany was then taken up, and some 
progress made in the consideration thereof. 

Adjourned. 



SATURDAY, October 10th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Frazer read prayers. 

The Committee on the Calendar, etc., brought in the re 
mainder of their report, which was ordered to be laid before 
the House of Bishops. 



106 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

The House then resumed the consideration of the report 
on the Litany, and completed the same. 

Ordered, that the Litany be transcribed, and authenticated 
by the President and Secretary. 

The proposed tables of Lessons for Sundays and other 
Holy Days were returned by the House of Bishops, with 
some amendments. 

On motion, the tables of Lessons for Sundays and other 
Holy Days, as amended by the House of Bishops, were re 
committed to the Committee appointed to prepare them. 

The Committee appointed to report in what manner the 
Psalms shall be used, made a report, which was read, agreed 
to, and directed to be transmitted to the House of Bishops. 

The evening service was then considered, amended, and 
ordered to be transcribed and authenticated; and the Rev. 
Dr. Beach and Rev. Mr. Bisset were appointed to carry it 
to the House of Bishops for their concurrence. 

The report on the Communion Service was taken up, and 
some progress made in the consideration thereof. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
their assent to the Calendar, the Epistles and Gospels, and 
proposing certain amendments to the Collects laid before 
them; which amendments were agreed to. 

Mr. Ogden had leave of absence. 

It having been notified that the public service of the State 
of Pennsylvania would require the use of the State House 
during the present week, 

Adjourned to meet at Christ Church on Monday morning 
next. 



CHRIST CHURCH, MONDAY, October 12th, 1789. 

The Convention met, and it being represented that conve 
nient apartments might be had in the College of Philadel 
phia for the meeting of both Houses of Convention, during 
the remainder of the present session, 

Adjourned to meet at the College immediately. 

COLLEGE OF PHILADELPHIA. 
The House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Frazer read prayers. 
A message was received from the House of Bishops, re- 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 107 

turning the proposed Litany and form of Morning Prayer, 
with amendments, and proposing a form of public baptism 
of infants. 

The Committee appointed to consider the amendments of 
the House of Bishops to the tables of Lessons for Sundays, 
etc., advised a concurrence of this house in the said amend 
ments. 

Resolved, That this report be agreed to, and that the 
said tables of Lessons be authenticated. 

The house then took up the amendments proposed by the 
House of Bishops to the form of Morning Prayer and the 
Litany, some of which were adopted, and others non-con 
curred. 

Ordered, that they be transmitted to the House of Bishops 
with the determination of this house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing a form for the solemnization of matrimony; also 
amendments to the report concerning the Psalms. These 
amendments were considered, some agreed to, and others 
non-concurred. 

Ordered, that the House of Bishops be informed of the 
said determination. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing an order for the visitation of the sick. 

Resolved, That, in future, this house will meet at 9 
o'clock in the morning, and adjourn at 2 in the afternoon, 
to meet again at 4. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, October 13th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach read prayers. 

The report on the Communion Service was resumed, con 
sidered by paragraphs, and agreed to. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing a form of Burial Service, and the order in which the 
Psalter shall be used ; and also requesting a conference with 
this house on the proposed amendments of the Morning 
Prayer and Litany. 

It was agreed that this request should be complied with, 

(93) 



108 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

at 5 o'clock this afternoon. The Secretary was ordered to 
inform the House of Bishops of this, and he returned with 
their concurrence. Adjourned. 

Four o'Clock, P.M. 

The House met. 

Resolved, That the intended conference with the House of 
Bishops be deferred to a future time. 

The Rev. Dr. Parker and Rev. Dr. Moore were desired to 
inform the House of Bishops of this resolution, and returned 
with the concurrence of that house. 

Six additional Collects, reported by the Committee on the 
Communion Service, were considered and agreed to, and, 
with the Communion Service, ordered to be transcribed and 
transmitted to the House of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing the manner and form of setting forth the Book of 
Psalms in metre. 

The Committee on the Litany, etc., reported certain oc 
casional prayers and thanksgivings, which, with some few 
amendments, were adopted, and ordered to be transmitted to 
the House of Bishops. 

The Convention then took up the form of Public Bap 
tism of Infants, which they amended, and returned to the 
House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the following clause be added 
to the Seventh Canon of this Church. 

Unless it shall be recommended to the Bishop by two-thirds of the State 
Convention to which he belongs, to dispense with the aforesaid requisition 
in whole or in part : which recommendation shall only be for good causes 
moving thereunto, and shall be in the following words, with the signature 
of the names of the majority of such Convention: " We whose names are 
underwritten, are of opinion, that the dispensing with the knowledge of 
the Latin and Greek languages (or either of them, as the case may be) 
in the examination of A. B. for Holy Orders, will be of use to the Church 
of which we are the Convention, in consideration of other qualifications 
of the said A. B. for the Gospel ministry. 

The above clause being sent to the House of Bishops, re 
ceived their concurrence. 
Adjourned. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 109 

WEDNESDAY, October 14th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Dr. Parker read prayers. 

The form for the Solemnization of Matrimony was consi 
dered and amended, and transmitted to the House of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming that they had passed the form of Public Baptism of 
Infants, with the amendments of this house, and proposing a 
form for the private baptism of infants, and a form of bap 
tism of those of riper years. Adjourned. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The House met. 

The Burial Service was considered, amended, and trans 
mitted to the House of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
amendments to the Communion Service, and with the form 
for the Solemnization of Matrimony, which they had passed 
as amended by this house. 

The amendments to the Communion Service were consider 
ed, amended, and transmitted to the House of Bishops ; and 
the Service, thus amended, was, with the six additional Col 
lects, assented to and returned by the said House. 

Adjourned. 



THURSDAY, October 15th, 1789. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Pilmore read prayers. 

The order in which the Psalter shall be read, was consi 
dered and agreed to. 

The house then went into a conference with the House of 
Bishops, which continued till 2 o'clock. Adjourned. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The House met. 

The Constitution, as copied in the Book of Records, was 
read and compared, and, having received an alteration as to 
the time of the future meetings of the Convention, was sign 
ed by both Houses of Convention. 

The Committee on the Canons reported certain Canons, 



110 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

which, being considered and amended, were ratified, and 
transmitted to the House of Bishops. 

The house again went into a conference with the House of 
Bishops, in the course of which it was agreed, that the Book 
of Common Prayer, to be set forth by this Convention, shall 
be in use from the 1st day of October, 1790. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing a Catechism, Confirmation, and forms of prayer for 
families, and containing their assent to the Burial Service, 
except the first rubric; in their amendment to which this 
house concurred. 

Dr. Parker obtained leave of absence after to-morrow noon. 

On motion, the Rev. Dr. Blackwell, the Rev. Mr. Ogden, 
and Rev. Mr. Bisset, were appointed a Committee to report 
what further measures are necessary to perpetuate the suc 
cession of Bishops in America. Adjourned. 



FRIDAY, October 16th, 1789. 

The Convention met. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach read prayers. 

The House of Bishops returned the Canons, with an 
amendment, in which this house concurred; and they also 
proposed a title-page to the Book of Common Prayer, which 
was read and passed. 

The Canons now passed, together with those passed at the 
last session, being collected into one body, and ratified by 
both houses, were directed to be entered in the Book of 
Records, and printed with the Journal of this Convention. 
(See Appendix.) 

The Rev. Mr. Bend proposed a table of proper Psalms for 
certain days, which was passed, and sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

A preface and table of contents were sent to this house 
by the House of Bishops, which, with their concurrence, 
were referred to the Committee to be appointed to superin 
tend the publication of the Book about to be issued by the 
Convention. 

Tables for finding the Holy Days, and tables of the 
Moveable and Immoveable Feasts, which had been proposed 
by the House of Bishops, were passed. 

The House of Bishops returned the order of Evening 
Prayer, with an amendment, to which this house agreed. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. Ill 

They also transmitted to this house amendments to the oc 
casional prayers and thanksgivings, and a form for the 
churching of women, a form of thanksgiving for the fruits of 
the earth, additional prayers for the visitation of the sick, 
and a form of ratification of the Prayer Book. 

The amendments of the House of Bishops to the occa 
sional prayers and thanksgivings were considered and as 
sented to. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
their assent to the table of proper Psalms ; and proposing a 
form of prayer to be used at sea, and a form of prayer for 
the visitation of prisoners, also an order for the communion 
of the sick. 

The manner and form of setting forth the Book of Psalms 
in metre was considered, amended, and returned to the 
House of Bishops. 

The additional prayers for the visitation of the sick were 
considered, and passed with an amendment, to which the 
House of Bishops agreed. 

The order for the visitation, and the order for the commu 
nion of the sick, were agreed to. 

The form of the ratification of the Book of Common 
Prayer was agreed to. 

The House of Bishops propos-ed, for the adoption of this 
house, Articles of Religion, which, with the concurrence of 
the House of Bishops, were referred to a future Convention. 

The form of the visitation of prisoners was then passed. 

The form of thanksgiving for the fruits of the earth was 
assented to ; also the form of prayer to be used at sea. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
their assent to the amendments proposed to the manner and 
form of setting forth the Book of Psalms in metre. 

The order for the administration of the baptism of those 
of riper years was considered and passed; also the form of 
private baptism of infants. 

A message was sent to the House of Bishops, proposing 
that the Ash Wednesday Service, as set forth in the proposed 
book, should be adopted, instead of the commination for 
merly used ; to which the House of Bishops assented. 

The Confirmation, and the forms of family. morning and 
evening prayer, were considered and adopted. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro- 



112 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

posing an alteration in the Litany, which was sent back with 
an amendment, in which the House of Bishops concurred. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
their assent to the Morning Prayer, and the report on the 
Psalms. 

Adjourned. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The House met. 

The Catechism was considered, amended, and transmitted 
to the House of Bishops. 

The form for the churching of women was agreed to ; and 
it was resolved, with the concurrence of the House of Bish 
ops, that the thanksgiving in the said form should be inserted 
among the occasional thanksgivings, and used, at the dis 
cretion of the Minister, instead of the whole Office. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. William Smith, Rev. Dr. 
Magaw, Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Mr. Hopkinson, and Mr. Coxe, 
be a Committee to superintend the printing of the Book of 
Common Prayer, as set forth by this Convention, and that 
they advise with any person or persons who shall be appoint 
ed by the House of Bishops for the same purpose. 

Resolved, That the Committee appointed to superintend 
the printing of the Book of Common Prayer, etc., be in 
structed to have the selections of Psalms, set forth by this 
Church, printed immediately before the Psalter ; and, besides 
a full and complete edition of the said book, printed in folio 
or octavo, or in both, to have an edition published, to contain 
only the parts in general use and the Collects of the day, 
with references to the Epistles and Gospels. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
their assent to the Catechism, as amended ; and with infor 
mation that the Right Reverend Bishop White consents to 
advise with the Committee appointed by this house to super 
intend the printing of the Book of Common Prayer, etc. 

Mr. Tench Coxe was elected Treasurer of the Convention. 

The following gentlemen were appointed a Standing Com 
mittee, to act during the recess of the Convention : The 
Reverend Dr. William Smith, ex officio, Reverend Dr. Par 
ker, Reverend Mr. Hubbard, Reverend Dr. Beach, Mr. 
Harrison, Reverend Mr. Ogden, Mr. Jones, Reverend Dr. 
Blackwell, Mr. Hopkinson, Reverend Mr. Clay, Mr. Sykes, 
Reverend Mr. Bisset, Mr. Carmichael, Reverend Mr. 
Bracken, Mr. Andrews, Reverend Dr. Robert Smith, and 
Mr. Brisbane. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 113 

Resolved, That this Committee, or a majority of them, 
have power to recommend to the Bishops the calling of spe 
cial meetings of the Convention, when they think it ne 
cessary. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this house, that the 
Bishops have a right, when they think it necessary, to call 
special Conventions. 

The Committee on the means of perpetuating the Episco 
pal succession in the United States of America, made the 
following report, which was read and adopted, viz. : 

The Committee on the means of perpetuating the Episcopal succession 
in these United States, are of opinion, 

That the Standing Committee, which, agreeably to the Constitution, is 
chosen, as above, to act during the recess of the General Convention, 
ought, in the name of the Convention, to recommend for consecration 
any person who shall appear to them to be duly elected and qualified for 
the Episcopal office. That should any person, elected and qualified as 
above, be proposed, and should the answer from the English Archbishops 
be favourable to the intended plan of consecrating by the Right Rev. the 
Bishops Seabury, White, and Provoost, the Committee shall write to the 
said three Bishops, intimating that it is the will and desire of the Gen 
eral Convention, that such consecration should, as soon as convenient, 
take place. That, should the answer from England be unfavourable, or 
any obstacle occur, by the death of either of the three Bishops, or other 
wise, the said Committee shall recommend any Bishop elect to England, 
for consecration. 

Resolved, That, with the concurrence of the House of 
Bishops, the next meeting of the Convention be in the city 
of New York. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop Seabury be re 
quested to preach a Sermon at the opening of the next Con 
vention. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties. 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 

8 



JOURNAL 



of 



IN CONVENTION OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 
IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, HELD AT THE 
STATE HOUSE, IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, ON 
MONDAY, THE 5-rn DAY OF OCTOBER, IN THE YEAR OF 
OUR LORD, 1789. 




divine service in the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, the House of Bishops met in the 
Committee Room of the Honorable House of 
Assembly. Present : 

The Right Rev. Samuel Seabury, D.D., and 
The Right Rev. William White, D.D. 

The following rules are agreed on, and established, for the 
government of this house, viz. : 

1st. The senior Bishop present shall be the President ; se 
niority to be reckoned from the dates of the Letters of Con 
secration. 

2d. This house will authenticate its acts by the signing of 
the names of, at least, the majority of its members. 

3d. There shall be a Secretary to this house. 

In addition to the above, it is now established as a tempo 
rary rule, that this house will attend divine service, during 
the Session, in the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, A.M., is appointed the Secre 
tary of this house. 

(115) 



116 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

This house went into a review of the Morning and Even 
ing Prayer, and prepared some proposals on that subject. 
Adjourned till 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



STATE HOUSE, TUESDAY, October 6th, 1789. 
After divine service, 
Adjourned till 9 o'clock on Thursday morning. 



THURSDAY, October 8th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

This house went into the consideration of the Litany, and 
of the other parts of the service connected with the Morn 
ing and Evening Prayer, and completed their proposals on 
that subject, excepting a few particulars, which they have 
noted as queries for their further consideration. 

The house then proceeded to the consideration of the Col 
lects, Epistles, and Gospels, and from them to the order for 
the administration of the Holy Communion; and having 
prepared their proposals on these parts of the service, 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, October 9th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

The house went into a review of the service for the public 
baptism of infants, and prepared proposals on that subject. 

The house then received a message from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker and the 
Rev. Mr. Bend, informing that they had prepared tables of 
lessons for Sundays and other holy days, to be laid before 
this house, which were accordingly presented. 

The house went immediately into the consideration of the 
above, during which there was received a message from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Robert 
Smith and Robert Andrews, Esq., with information that they 
had prepared a form of Morning Prayer, to be laid before 
this house; which was accordingly presented. 

The house then proceeded in their examination of the ta- 



1789.] JOURNAL or THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 117 

bles of lessons, and having prepared some amendments of 
the same, 
Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, October 10th, 1789. 

After divine service, 

The house completed the instrument of amendments of 
the tables of lessons, and sent the same by their Secretary 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker and the Rev. Mr. 
Bend, with information that they had prepared proposals 
in regard to the Calendar, and in regard to the Collects, 
Epistles, and Gospels; which were accordingly presented. 

The house then went into the consideration of the pro 
posed form of Morning Prayer, during which they received 
a message from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by 
the Rev. Dr. Beach and the Rev. Mr. Bisset, with informa 
tion that they had prepared the Litany to be laid before this 
house ; which was accordingly presented. 

The house then went on with the consideration of the 
Morning Prayer, when they received another message from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. 
Robert Smith, and the Rev. Dr. Moore, with information 
that they had prepared a selection of Psalms; which was 
laid before the house. 

The house, after preparing their amendments of the Morn 
ing Prayer for engrossing, proceeded to the consideration of 
the proposed Litany, and prepared their amendments of that 
service also for engrossing. 

They then proceeded to the consideration of the proposed 
Calendar, and having assented to the same, returned it by 
their Secretary. 

The house then proceeded to consider the proposals respect 
ing the Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, and having prepared 
their amendments, sent them by their Secretary to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received by the Rev. Dr. Parker, from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, representing that if 
this house were prepared to originate any parts of the ser- 



118 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

vice, it would be agreeable to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies to receive them on Monday morning. 

Accordingly the Secretary is desired to prepare a copy of 
the proposed form of public baptism of infants. 

The public service requiring the use of the room where 
this house sit, 

Adjourned to the Apparatus Room of the College, there to 
meet on Monday morning, at 9 o'clock. 



COLLEGE OF PHILADELPHIA, 

MONDAY, October 12th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

The House of Bishops sent, by their Secretary, to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, their amendments of 
the Morning Prayer and of the Litany, together with the al 
terations, originated in this house, of the ministration of the 
public baptism of infants. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker, informing that 
they agree to the amendments proposed in regard to the 
tables of Lessons for Sundays, and other holy days, except 
ing the fourth amendment, on which they desire a conference. 

This house withdrew the said fourth amendment, and de 
sired Dr. Parker to report the same to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

This house then prepared alterations of the form of solem 
nization of matrimony, which were accordingly reported by 
their Secretary to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned to this 
house, by the Hon. Mr. Hopkinson, their amendments of 
the Morning Prayer and Litany, with their concurrence in 
some articles and non-concurrence in others. 

The house prepared alterations of the order for the visita 
tion of the sick, which were accordingly reported to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned to this 
house the proposed amendments of the selection of Psalms, 
with their concurrence of some articles, and non-concurrence 
of others. 

Adjourned till to-morrow at 9 o'clock. 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 119 

TUESDAY, October 13th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

The House of Bishops proceeded to prepare, the order 
how the Psalter is appointed to be read ; the order how the 
rest of the Holy Scriptures is appointed to be read; and the 
order for the burial of the dead, which being prepared, 
were sent by the Secretary to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, together with a message, requesting a conference 
with that house on the amendments of the proposed Morn 
ing Prayer and Litany, at such time and in such manner as 
they shall agree upon. 

The house then proceeded to prepare a commination ser 
vice, etc., when they received a message from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, by their Secretary, informing 
that, agreeably to the request of this house, they had ap 
pointed 5 o'clock this afternoon for a conference on the pro 
posed Morning Prayer and Litany. 

The room in which the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties meet was mutually agreed on, as most convenient for 
the business. 

Adjourned till 4 o'clock this afternoon. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The House of Bishops received a message from the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker and 
the Rev. Dr. Moore, with information that, if agreeable to 
this house, the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies would 
postpone the conference agreed to be held this afternoon, 
until further communication; with which this house con 
curred. 

This house then prepared the form and manner of sotting 
forth the Psalms in metre, and sent the same, by their Se 
cretary, to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; together 
with the form of Commination, etc., and tables of Moveable 
and Immoveable Feasts, with tables for finding the holy 
days. 

The house then received a message from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Beach, with in 
formation, that they had to propose prayers and thanks 
givings for several occasions ; which were accordingly pre 
sented. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



120 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

WEDNESDAY, October 14th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker, with amend 
ments of the alterations of the Burial Service, originated in 
this house. 

The amendments being concurred in, the alterations were 
passed, and returned. 

This house then originated alterations of the services for 
private baptism, and for the baptism of adults, and sent the 
same, by their Secretary, to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

A message from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
by the Hon. Mr. Hopkinson, was received by this house, 
which accompanied amendments of the alteration of the 
marriage service, originated in this house ; which amend 
ments being concurred in, the alterations were passed and 
returned. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed Communion Service, and made amend 
ments. 

Adjourned till 4 o'clock in the afternoon. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The house originated alterations of the Catechism of the 
order of Confirmation and a form of family prayer and 
sent them to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, with 
the amendments of the Communion Service ; which last were 
concurred in, except one, which being withdrawn by this 
house, the service was passed, and returned. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, 9 o'clock. 



THURSDAY, October 15th, 178y. 

Divine service being over, 

This house had returned to them, from the House of .Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker, the order 
how the Psalter is appointed to be read, and the order how 
the rest of the Holy Scripture is appointed to be read, with 
amendments; all of which were concurred in, except one, 
which was left for the conference, into which the house now 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 121 

went, agreeably to a former appointment, and in which they 
were employed during the morning of this day. 
Adjourned till 4 o'clock this afternoon. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

This house originated, and proposed to the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, alterations of the title-page, a form 
of ratification of the Book of Common Prayer, a table of 
contents, a form or manner of printing the former preface, 
and those called " Of the Service of the Church," and " Of 
Ceremonies:" these, with the form of thanksgiving of wo 
men after child-birth, before prepared, and the amendments 
of the occasional prayers, were sent, by the Secretary, to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies; after which the 
two houses proceeded in their conference. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, 9 o'clock. 



FRIDAY, October 16th, 1789. 

Divine service being over, 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by Dr. Blackwell, Canons, as reported by a Com 
mittee appointed at the former session. 

This house acceded to the Canons proposed, except the 
amendment of one, in consequence of which it was proposed 
to withdraw the Canon, which being acceded to, this house 
passed the Canons. 

This house received by Robert Andrews, Esq., the propos 
ed order for Evening Prayer, of which they made an amend 
ment, by proposing the insertion of two hymns, as alterna 
tives to the Psalms already in the Service; which being 
agreed to, the order for Evening Prayer was passed. 

The house received, by the Rev. Mr. Bend, a table of pro 
per Psalms, which was passed. 

The house received, by the Rev. Dr. Beach and Robert 
Andrews, Esq., the table of contents, and the other initial 
parts of the Book of Common Prayer, with a proposal that 
they should be referred to a Committee, to sit in the recess of 
this Convention; which was agreed to. 

The house received by Rev. Mr. Ogden and Rev. Mr. 
Bend, amendments of the form of ratification of the Book 
of Common Prayer, and also the form of churching of wo 
men, which are to lay over for consideration. 



122 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1789. 

This house originated and sent to the house of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies as follow: A proposed ratification of the 
Thirty-nine Articles, with an exception in regard to the 
thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh articles ; a form for the Commu 
nion of the sick ; a form for the visitation of prisoners ; a 
form for thanksgivings for the fruits of the earth; and pray 
ers to be inserted in the visitation of the sick. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned, by the 
Rev. Mr. Bend, the proposed form of printing the Psalms in 
metre, with hymns, and proposed amendments of the same ; 
which were agreed to, and the whole passed. 

This house received, by the Rev. Mr. Bend, the visitation 
office and additional prayers, which being concurred in, the 
whole were passed; as was also the form of the ratification 
of the Book of Common Prayer. 

This house received by Robert Andrews, Esq., the ratifica 
tion of the articles, with a proposal for postponement, which 
was agreed to, the proposal for the Communion of the sick 
being first presented and passed. 

This house received, by the Rev. Mr. Bisset, a proposal 
for retaining the service for Ash-Wednesday, as in the pro 
posed book, with one alteration, which was agreed to. 

This house returned the occasional prayers, passed. 

The house then passed the Morning and Evening Prayer, 
the Litany, the selection of the Psalms, and the orders how 
the Psalter and the rest of the Holy Scripture is appointed 
to be read. 

Four o'clock, P.M. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, amendments of the Catechism ; which being agreed 
to, the Service was passed. 

This house returned to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, the office for the churching of women, and the oc 
casional prayers, the amendments mutually proposed having 
been agreed to. 

It is understood that the Services originated in this house, 
and not returned with amendments, have been agreed to. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a message, informing that they had appointed a 
Committee, to join with any person to be appointed by this 
house, in setting forth the Book of Common Prayer. In 



1789.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 123 

consequence of which the Right Rev. Bishop White agrees 
to assist the Committee in preparing tho book for publication. 
The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies signified to this 
house that they were about to adjourn, to meet, the next stated 
time, in the city of New York, having previously appointed 
a Committee to act, if necessary, in their recess. On which, 
this house adjourned to the same time and place. 

Signed as the Journal of the Convention, the sixteenth 
day of October, One thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
nine. 

SAMUEL SEABTJRY, D.D., 

BISHOP OF CONNECTICUT, PRESIDENT. 
WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PENNSYLVANIA. 
Attested: JOSEPH CLARKSON, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 



(Janons 



FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL 
CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AGREED 
ON AND RATIFIED IN THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF 
SAID CHURCH, HELD IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, 
FROM THE 29TH DAY OF SEPTEMBER TO THE 16lH DAY OF 
OCTOBER, 1789, INCLUSIVE. 

CANON I. Of the Orders of the Ministers in this Church. 

In this Church there shall always be three Orders in the Ministry, viz 
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. 

CANON II. Certificates to be produced on the part of 
Bishops elect. 

Every Bishop elect, before his consecration, shall produce to the Bish 
ops, to whom he is presented for that holy office, from the Convention 
by whom he is elected a Bishop, and from the General Convention, or a 
Committee of that body to be appointed to act in their recess, certificates, 
respectively in the following words, viz. : 

TESTIMONY FROM THE MEMBERS OP THE CONVENTION IN THE STATE 
FROM WHENCE THE PERSON IS RECOMMENDED FOR CONSECBATION. 

We, whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is, 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear testimony on this solemn occa 
sion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty God , 
testify, that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to evil 
report, either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that we 
do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime for 
which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office. We do, more 
over, jointly and severally declare that, having personally known him for 
three years last past, we do in our consciences believe him to be of such 
sufficiency in good learning, such soundness in the faith, and of such 
virtuous and pure manners and godly conversation, that he is apt and 

(125) 



126 APPENDIX. [1789. 

meet to exercise the Office of a Bishop, to the honour of God and the 
edifying of his Church, and to be an wholesome example to the flock of 
Christ. , 

TESTIMONY FROM THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 

We, whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear our testimony on this solemn 
occasion without partially or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty 
God, testify that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to 
evil report either for error in religion or for viciousness 01 life ; and that 
we do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime, on 
account of which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office, but 
that he hath, as we believe, led his life, for the three years last past, piously, 
soberly, and honestly. 

CANON III. Of Episcopal Visitation. 

Every Bishop in this Church shall, as often as may be convenient, visit 
the churches within his Diocese or district, for the purposes of examining 
the state of his Church, inspecting the behaviour of the Clergy, and ad 
ministering the apostolic rite of Confirmation. 

CANON IV. Of the Age of those -who are to be Ordained 
or Consecrated. 

Deacon's Orders shall not be conferred on any' person until he shall be 
twenty-one years old, nor Priest's Orders on any one until he shall be 
twenty-four years old; and, except on urgent occasion, unless he hath 
been a Deacon one year. No man shall be consecrated a Bishop of this 
Church until he shall be thirty years old. 

CANON V. Of the Titles of those who are to be Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained either Deacon or Priest, unless he shall 
produce a satisfactory certificate from some Church, parish, or congrega 
tion, that he is engaged with them, and that they will receive him as their 
minister, and allow him a reasonable support; or unless he be engaged 
as a professor, tutor, or instructor of youth, in some college, academy, or 
general seminary of learning, duly incorporated ; or unless the Standing 
Committee of the Church in the State for which he is to be ordained, 
shall certify to the Bishop their full belief and expectation, that he will 
be received and settled as a pastor by some one of the vacant churches 
in that State. 

CANON VI. The Testimonials to be produced on the part 
of those who are to be Ordained. 

Every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended to the Bishop 
by a Standing Committee of the Convention of the State wherein he re 
sides, which recommendation shall be signed by the names of a majority 
of the Committee, and shall be in the following words : 

We, whose names are hereunder written, testify that A. B., for the 



1789.J APPENDIX. 127 

space of three years last past, hath lived piously, soberly, and hon 
estly: Nor hath he at any time, as far as we know or believe, written, 
taught, or held, any thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. And, moreover, we think him a person worthy 
to be admitted to the sacred order of . . . In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands. Dated the . . . day of ... in the 
year of our Lord . . . 

But before a Standing Committee of any State shall proceed to recom 
mend any candidate, as aforesaid, to the Bishop, such candidate shall 
produce testimonials of his good morals and orderly conduct for three 
years last past, from the Minister and Vestry of the parish where he has 
ssided, or from the Vestry alone if the parish be vacant a publication 
of his intention to apply for Holy Orders having been previously made 
by such Minister or Vestry. In every State in which there is no Standing 
Committee, such Committee shall be appointed at its next ensuing Con 
vention ; and in the mean time, every candidate for Holy Orders shall be 
recommended according to the regulations or usage of the Church in 
each State, and the requisitions of the Bishop to whom he applies. 

CANON VII. Of the Learning of those who are to be 
Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained in this Church until he shall have satisfied 
the Bishop and the two Presbyters, by whom he shall be examined, that 
he is sufficiently acquainted with the New Testament in the original 
Greek, and can give an account of his faith in the Latin tongue, either 
in writing or otherwise, as may be required. Unless it shall be recom 
mended to the Bishop by two-thirds of the State Convention to which 
he belongs, to dispense with the aforesaid requisition in whole or in 
part: which recommendation shall only be for good causes moving there 
unto, and shall be in the following words, with the signature of the 
names of the majority of such Convention: "We whose names are 
underwritten, are of opinion, that the dispensing with the knowledge of 
the Latin and Greek languages (or either of them, as the case may be) 
in the examination of A. B. for Holy Orders, will be of use to the Church 
of which we are the Convention, in consideration of other qualifications 
of the said A. B. for the Gospel ministry. 

CANON VIII. Of the Stated Times of Ordination. 

Agreeably to the practice of the primitive Church, the stated times of 
Ordination shall be on the Sundays following the Ember weeks : viz., the 
Second Sunday in Lent, the Feast of Trinity, and the- Sundays after the 
Wednesdays following the fourteenth day of September and the thirteenth 
of December. 

CANON IX. Of those who, having been ordained by foreign 
Bishops, settle in this Church. 

No person, not a member of this Church, who shall profess to be epis- 
copally ordained, shall be permitted to officiate therein, until he shall 
have exhibited to the Vestry of the Church in which he shall offer to 
officiate, a certificate signed by the Bishop of the Diocese or district, or, 
where there is no Bishop, by three Clergymen of the Standing Committee 



128 APPENDIX. [1789. 

of the Convention of that State, that his Letters of Orders are authentic, 
and given by some Bishop whose authority is acknowledged by this 
Church, and also satisfactory evidence of his moral character. 

CANON X. Of the Use of the Book of Common Prayer. 

Every minister shall, before all sermons and lectures, use the Book of 
Common Prayer, as the same shall be set forth and established by the 
authority of this or some future General Convention ; and until such es 
tablishment of an uniform Book of Common Prayer in this Church, every 
minister shall read the Book of Common Prayer directed to be used by 
the Convention of the Church in the State in which he resides ; and no 
other prayer shall be used besides those contained in the said book. 

CANON XI. Of the duty of Ministers in regard to Episco 
pal Visitation. 

It shall be the duty of ministers to prepare children and others for the 
the holy ordinance of Confirmation. And on notice being received from 
the Bishop of his intention to visit any Church, which notice shall be at 
least one month before the intended visitation, the minister shall be ready 
to present for Confirmation those who shall have been previously instruct/- 
ed for the same, and shall deliver to the Bishop a list of the names of 
those presented. 

And at every visitation it shall be the duty of the minister and of the 
church wardens, to give information to the Bishop of the state of the con 
gregation, under such heads as shall have been committed to them in the 
notice given as aforesaid. 

And further, the ministers and church wardens of such congregations 
as cannot be conveniently visited in any year, shall bring or send to the 
Bishop, at the stated meeting of the Convention of the diocese or district, 
information of the state of the congregation, under such heads as shall 
have been committed to them at least one month before the meeting of 
the Convention. 

CANON XII. Notorious Crimes and Scandals to be 
censured. 

If any persons within this church offend their brethren by any wicked 
ness of life, such persons shall be repelled from the Holy Communion, 
agreeably to the rubric, and may be further proceeded against, to the de 
priving of them of all privileges of church membership, according to 
such rules or process as may be provided, either by the General Conven 
tion or by tfye Conventions in the different States. 

CANON XIII. Sober conversation required in Ministers. 

No ecclesiastical persons shall, other than for their honest necessities, 
resort to taverns or other places most liable to be abused to licentiousness. 
Further, they shall not give themselves to any base or servile labour, or to 
drinking or riot, or to the spending of their time idly. And if any offend 
in the above, they shall be liable to the ecclesiastical censure of admoni 
tion, or suspension, or degradation, as the nature of the case may require, 
and according to such rules or process as may be provided, either by the 
General Convention or by the Conventions in the different States. 



1789.] APPENDIX. 129 

CANON XIV. Of the due celebration of Sundays. 
All manner of persons within this Church shall celebrate and keep the 
Lord's day, commonly called Sunday, in hearing the word of God read 
and taught, in private and public prayer, in other exercises of devotion, 
and in acts of charity, using all godly and sober conversation. 

CANON XV. Ministers to keep a Register. 

Every minister of this Church shall keep a register of baptisms, mar 
riages, and funerals within his cure, agreeably to such rules as may be 
provided by the ecclesiastical authority where his cure lies ; and if none 
such be provided, then in such a manner as in his discretion he shall 
think best suited to the uses of such a register. 

And the intention of the register of baptisms is hereby declared to be, 
as for other good uses, so especially for the proving of the right of church 
membership of those who may have been admitted into this Church by 
the holy ordinance of baptism. 

And further, every minister of this Church shall, within a reasonable 
time after the publication of this Canon, make out and continue a list of 
all adult persons within his cure, to remain for the use of his successor, 
to be continued by him and by every future minister in the same parish. 

And no minister shall place on the said list the names of any persons 
except of those who, on due enquiry, he shall find to have been baptised 
in this Church ; or who, having been otherwise baptised, shall have been 
received into this Church either by the holy rite of Confirmation, or by 
receiving the Holy Communion, or by some other joint act of the parties 
and of a minister of this Church, whereby such persons shall have attach 
ed themselves to the same. 



CANON XVI. A List to be made and published of the 
Ministers of this Church. 

The secretary of the General Convention shall keep a register of all the 
Clergy of this Church, whose names shall be delivered to him, in the fol 
lowing manner: that is to say, every Bishop of this Church, or, where 
there is no Bishop, the Standing Committee of that diocese or district, 
shall, at the time of every General Convention, deliver, or cause to be 
delivered to the secretary, a list of the names of all the ministers of this 
Church in their proper diocese or district, annexing the names of their re 
spective cures, or of their stations in any colleges or other incorporated 
seminaries of learning, or, in regard to those who have not any cures 
or such stations, their places of residence only. And the said list shall, 
from time to time, be published in the Journals of the General Con 
vention, 

And further, it is recommended to the several Bishops of this Church, 
and to the several Standing Committees, that, during the intervals between 
the meetings of the General Convention, they take such means of notify 
ing the admission of ministers among them, as, in their discretion respec 
tively, they shall think effectual to the purpose of preventing ignorant and 
unwary people from being imposed oil, by persons pretending to be au 
thorised ministers of this Church. 

9 



APPEXDIX. [1789. 

CANON XVII. Notice to be given of the Induction and 
Dismission of Ministers. 

It is hereby required, that on the induction of a minister into any 
Church or parish, the parties shall deliver, or cause to be delivered to the 
Bishop, or to the Standing Committee of the Diocese or district, notice 
of the same in the following form, or to this effect: 

We, the church wardens (or, in case of an Assistant Minister, We, the 
rector and church wardens) do certify to the Right Rev. (naming the 
Bishop) that (naming the person) has been duly chosen Rector (or 
Assistant Minister as the case may be) of (naming the church or 
chijrches). 

Which certificate shall be signed with the names of those who certify. 

And if the Bishop, or the Standing Committee, be satisfied that the 
person so chosen is a qualified minister of this Church, he shall transmit 
the said certificate to the Secretary of the Convention, who shall record it 
'n a book to be kept by him for that purpose. 

But if the Bishop, or the Standing Committee, be not satisfied as 
above, he or they shall, at the instance of the parties, proceed to enquire 
into the sufficiency of the person so chosen, according to such rules as 
may be made in the States respectively, and shall confirm or reject the 
appointment, as the issue of that enquiry may be. 

Passed, October 16th, 1789. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS: 
SAMUEL SEABCRY, Bishop of Connecticut, 

PRESTDEXT 

WILLIAM WHITE, Pennsylvania. 
ATTESTED: JOSEPH CLARKSON, Secretary. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES: 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 
ATTESTED: FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



1789.] APPENDIX. 131 



APPENDIX No. I. 

An Address to the President of the United States, pub 
lished agreeably to the following order, viz. : 

IN CONVENTION, August. 7th, 1789. 

The Address to the President of the United States being 
read, and signed in Convention 

Resolved, That the said Address, with the answer that 
may be received thereto, be printed in the Journals of the 
adjourned meeting of this Convention. 

TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

SIR: We, the Bishops, Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, in General Convention assembled, 
beg leave, with the highest veneration, and the most animating national 
considerations, at the earliest moment in our power, to express our cordial 
joy on your election to the chief magistracy of the United States. 

When we contemplate the short but eventful history of our nation; 
when we recollect the series of essential services performed by you in the 
course of the Revolution; the temperate yet efficient exertion of the 
mighty powers with which the nature of the contest made it necessary to 
invest you ; and especially when we remember the voluntary and mag 
nanimous relinquishment of those high authorities at the moment of 
peace ; we anticipate the happiness of our country under your future ad 
ministration. 

But it was not alone from a successful and virtuous use of those extra 
ordinary powers, that you were called from your honorable retirement to 
the first dignities of our government. An affectionate admiration of 
your private character, the impartiality, the persevering fortitude, and the 
energy with which your public duties have been invariably performed, 
and the paternal solicitude for the happiness of the American people, to 
gether with the wisdom and consummate knowledge of our affairs, mani 
fested in your last military communication, have directed to, your name 
the universal wish, and have produced, for the first time in the history of 
mankind, an example of unanimous consent in the appointment of the 
governor of a free and enlightened nation. 

To these considerations, inspiring us with the most pleasing expecta 
tions as private citizens, permit us to add, that, as the representatives of 
a numerous and extended Church, we most thankfully rejoice in the elec 
tion of a civil ruler, deservedly beloved, and eminently distinguished 
among the friends of genuine religion who has happily united a tender 
regard for other churches with an inviolable attachment to his own. 

With unfeigned satisfaction we congratulate you on the establishment 
of the new Constitution of government of the United States, the mild yet 
efficient operations of which, we confidently trust, will remove every re 
maining apprehension of those with whose opinions it may not entirely 
coincide, and will confirm the hopes of its numerous friends. Nor do 



132 



APPENDIX. 



[1789. 



these expectations appear too sanguine, when the moderation, patriotism 
and wisdom of the honorable members of the Federal legislature are duly 
considered. From a body thus eminently qualified, harmoniously co 
operating with the Executive authority in constitutional concert, we con 
fidently hope for the restoration of order and of our ancient virtues, the 
extension of genuine religion, and the consequent advancement of our 
respectability abroad, and of our substantial happiness at home. 

We devoutly implore the Supreme Ruler of the Universe to preserve 
you long in health and prosperity, an animating example of all public 
and private virtues, the friend and guardian of a free, enlightened, and 
grateful people, and that you may finally receive the reward which will 
be given to those whose lives have been spent in promoting the happiness 
of mankind. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and 
President of the Convention. 
SAMUEL PROVOOST, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of New York. 

NEW YORK . . . BENJAMIN MOORE, D.D., Assistant Mi 
nister of Trinity Church, in the City of 
New York. 

ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., Assistant Mi 
nister of Trinity Church, in the City 
of New York. 

NEW JERSEY. . . WILLIAM FRAZER, A.M., Rector of St. Mi 
chael's Church, Trenton, and St. An 
drew's Church, Amwell. 
UZAL OGDEN, Rector of Trinity Church, 

in Newark. 

HENRY WADDEL, Rector of the churches 
of Shrewsbury and Middletown, New 
Jersey. 

GEORGE H. SPIEREN, Rector of St. Pe 
ter's Church, Perth Amboy, New 
JOHN Cox. [Jersey.] 

SAMUEL OGDEN. 
ROBERT STRETTELL JONES. 
SAMUEL MAGAW, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, and Vice-Provost of the Uni 
versity of Pennsylvania. 
ROBERT BLACKWELL, D.D., Senior As 
sistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 
JOSEPH PILMORE, Rector of the United 
Churches of Trinity, St. Thomas, and 
All Saints. 

JOSEPH G. J. BEND, Assistant Minister 
of Christ Church and St. Peter's, Phi 
ladelphia. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON. 
(JLARKSOST. 



PENNSYLVANIA 



1789.] 



APPENDIX. 



133 



DELAWARE 



MARYLAND 



VIRGINIA . . . . 
SOUTH CAROLINA 



TENCH COXE. 

SAMUEL POWEL. 

JOSEPH COUDEN, A.M., Rector of St. 
Anne's. 

STEPHEN SYKES, A.M., Rector of the 
united Churches of St. Peter's and St. 
Matthew in Sussex Co. 

JAMES SYKES. 

WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., Provost of the 
College and Academy of Philadelphia, 
and Clerical Deputy for Maryland, as 
late Rector of Chester Parish, iu 
Kent County. 

THOMAS JOHN CLAGGET, Rector of St. 
Paul's, Prince George County. 

COLIX FERGUSON, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Kent County. 

JOHN BISSETT, A.M., Rector of Shrews 
bury Parish, Kent County. 

WILLIAM FRISBY. 

RICHARD B. CARMICHAEL. 

ROBERT ANDREWS. 

ROBERT SMITH, D.D., Rector of St. Phi 
lip's Church, Charleston. 

W. W. BURROWS. 

WILLIAM BRISBANE. 



THE PRESIDENT S ANSWER. 

TO THE BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY OF THE PROTES 
TANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, IN THE STATES OF NEW 
YORK, NEW JERSEY, PENNSYLVANIA, DELAWARE, MA 
RYLAND, VIRGINIA, AND SOUTH CAROLINA, IN GENE 
RAL CONVENTION ASSEMBLED. 

GENTLEMEN: 

I sincerely thank you for your affectionate congratulation on my elec 
tion to the chief magistracy of the United States. 

After having received from my fellow-citizens iu general the most lib 
eral treatment after having found them disposed to contemplate, in the 
most flattering point of view, the performance of my military services, 
and the manner of my retirement at the close of the war I feel that I 
have a right to console myself, in my present arduous undertaking, with 
a hope that they will still be inclined to put the most favourable construc 
tion on the motives which may influence me in my future public trans 
actions. 

The satisfaction arising from the indulgent opinion entertained by the 
American people, of my conduct, will, I trust, be some security for pre 
venting me from doing any thing, which might justly incur the forfeiture 
of that opinion. And the consideration that human happiness and moral 
duty are inseparably connected, will always continue to prompt me to 



134 APPENDIX. [1789. 

to promote the progress of the former, by inculcating the practice of 
the latter. 

On this occasion it would ill become me to conceal the joy I have felt 
in perceiving the fraternal affection which appears to encrease every day 
among the friends of genuine religion. It affords edifying prospects in 
deed, to see Christians of different denominations dwell together in more 
charity, and conduct themselves, in respect to each other, with a more 
Christian-like spirit than ever they have done in any former age, or in any 
other nation. 

I receive, with the greatest satisfaction, your congratulations on the es 
tablishment of the New Constitution of Government ; because I believe 
its mild, yet efficient, operations will tend to remove every remaining ap 
prehension of those, with whose opinions it may not entirely coincide, as 
well as to confirm the hopes of its numerous friends ; and because the 
moderation, patriotism, and wisdom of the present Federal Legislature 
seem to promise the restoration of order and our ancient virtues the 
extension of genuine religion and the consequent advancement of our 
respectability abroad, and of our substantial happiness at home. 

I request, Most Reverend and respectable Gentlemen, that you will ac 
cept my cordial thanks for yourMevout supplications to the Supreme Ruler 
of the Universe in behalf of me. May you, and the people whom you 
represent, be the happy subjects of Divine Benediction both here and 
hereafter! 

GEORGE WASHINGTON. 

August 19, 1789. 



APPENDIX. No. II. 

AN ADDRESS TO THE MOST REVEREND THE ARCH 
BISHOPS OF CANTERBURY AND YORK. 

Most Venerable and Illustrious Fathers and Prelates : 
We, the Bishops, Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the States of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary 
land, Virginia, and South Carolina, impressed with every sentiment of 
love and veneration, beg leave to embrace this earliest occasion, in Gene 
ral Convention, to offer our warmest, most sincere, and grateful acknow 
ledgments to you, and (by your means), to all the venerable Bishops of 
the Church over which you preside, for the manifold instances of your 
former condescension to us, and solicitude for our spiritual welfare. But 
we are more especially called to express our thankfulness for that parti 
cular act of your fatherly goodness, whereby we derive, under you, a pure 
Episcopacy and succession of the ancient Order of Bishops, and are now 
assembled, through the blessing of God, as a Church duly constituted and 
organized, with the happy prospect before us of a future full and undis 
turbed exercise of our holy religion, and its extension to the utmost 
bounds of this continent, under an ecclesiastical constitution, and a form 
of worship, which we believe to be truly apostolical. 

The growing prospect of this happy diffusion of Christianity, and the 



1789.] APPENDIX. 135 

assurance we can give you, that our churches are spreading and flourish 
ing throughout these United States, we know, will yield you more solid 
joy, and be considered as a more ample reward of your goodness to us, 
than all the praises and expressions of gratitude which the tongues of 
men can bestow. 

It gives us pleasure to assure you, that, during the present sitting of 
our Convention, the utmost harmony has prevailed through all our de 
liberations ; that we continue, as heretofore, most sincerely attached to 
the faith and doctrine of the Church of England, and that not a wish ap 
pears to prevail, either among our Clergy or Laity, of ever departing from 
that Church in any essential article. 

The business of most material consequence which hath come before 
us, at our present meeting, hath been, an application from our sister 
churches in the Eastern States, expressing their earnest desire of a gen 
eral union of the whole Episcopal Church in the United States, both in 
doctrine and discipline ; and, as a primary means of such union, praying 
the assistance of our Bishops in the consecration of a Bishop elect for 
the States of Massachusetts and New Hampshire. We therefore judge it 
necessary to accompany this address with the papers which have come 
before us on that very interesting subject, and of the proceedings we 
have had thereupon, by which you wul be enabled to judge concerning 
the particular delicacy of our situation, and, probably, to relieve us from 
any difficulties which may be found therein. 

The application from the Church in the States of Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire is in the following words, viz. : 

The good providence of Almighty God, the fountain of all goodness, 
having lately blessed the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America, by supplying it with a complete and entire Ministry, and af 
fording to many of her communion the benefit of the labours, advice, and 
government of the successors of the Apostles : 

We, Presbyters of said Church in the States of Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire, deeply impressed with the most lively gratitude to the 
Supreme Governor of the universe, for his goodness in this respect, and 
with the most ardent love to his Church, and concern for the interest of 
her sons, that they may enjoy all the means that Christ, the great Shep 
herd and Bishop of souls, has instituted for leading his followers into the 
ways of truth and holiness, and preserving his Church in the unity of the 
spirit and the bond of peace, to the end that the people committed to our 
respective charges may enjoy the benefit and advantage of those offices, 
the administration of which belongs to the highest Order of the Ministry, 
and to encourage and promote, as far as in us lies, a union of the whole 
Episcopal Church in these States, and to perfect and compact this mys 
tical body of Christ, do hereby nominate, elect and appoint, the Rev. Ed 
ward Bass, a Presbyter of said Church, and Eector of St. Paul's, in New- 
buryport, to be our Bishop ; and we do promise and engage to receive him 
as such, when canonically consecrated, and invested with the apostolic 
office and powers by the Right Reverend the Bishops hereafter named, and to 
render him all that canonical obedience and submission which, by the laws of 
Christ, and the constitution of our Church, is due to so important an office. 

And we now address the Right Reverend the Bishops in the States of 
Connecticut, New York, and Pennsylvania, praying their united assist 
ance in consecrating our said brother, and canonically investing him with 



136 APPENDIX. [1789. 

the apostolic office and powers. This request we are induced to make, 
from a long acquaintance with him, and from a perfect knowledge of his 
being possessed of that love to God and benevolence to men, that piety, 
learning, and good morals, that prudence and discretion, requisite to so 
exalted a station, as well as that personal respect and attachment to the 
communion at large in these States, which will make him a valuable ac 
quisition to the Order, and, we trust, a rich blessing to the Church. 

Done at a meeting of the Presbyters whose names are underwritten, 
held at Salem, in the County of Essex, and Commonwealth of Massachu 
setts, the fourth day of June, Anno Salutis, 1789. 

SAMUEL PARKER, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

T. FITCH OLIVER, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Marblehead. 

JOHX COUSEXS OGDEX, Rector of Queen's Chapel, Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. 

WILLIAM MONTAGUE, Minister of Christ's Church, Boston. 

TILLOTSOX BRUXSON, Assistant Minister of Christ's Church, Boston. 

A true copy. 

Attest: SAMUEL. PARKER. 
At the meeting aforesaid, 

Voted, That the Rev. Samuel Parker be authorised and empowered to 
transmit copies of the foregoing Act, to be by him attested, to the Right 
Reverend the Bishops in Connecticut, New York, and Pennsylvania ; and 
that he be appointed our agent, to appear at any Convocation to be holden 
at Pennsylvania or New York, and to treat upon any measures that may 
tend to promote an union of the Episcopal Church throughout the United 
States of America, or that may prove advantageous to the interest of 
the said Church. 

EDWARD BASS, CHAIRMAX. 

A true copy. 
Attest: SAMUEL PARKER. 

This was accompanied with a letter from the Rev. Samuel Parker, the 
worthy Rector of Trinity Church, Boston, to the Right. Rev. Bishop 
White, dated June. 21st,. 1789, of which the following is an extract: 

' The Clergy here have appointed me their agent, to appear at any 
Convocation to be held at New York or Pennsylvania ; but I fear the situ 
ation of my family and parish will not admit of my being absent so long 
as a journey to Philadelphia would take. When I gave you encourage 
ment that I should attend, I was in expectation of having my parish sup 
plied by some gentlemen from Nova Scotia, but I am now informed they 
will not be here till some time in August. Having, therefore, no prospect 
of attending in person at your General Convention next month, I am re 
quested to transmit you an attested copy of an act of the Clergy of this 
and the State of New Hampshire, electing the Rev. Edward Bass our 
Bishop, and requesting the united assistance of the Right Reverend 
Bishops of Pennsylvania, New York, and Cennecticut, to invest him with 
apostolic powers. This act I have now the honour of enclosing, and 
hope it will reach you before the meeting of your General Convention in 
July. 

" The clergy of this State are very desirous of seeing an union of the 
whole Episcopal Church in the United States take place ; and it will re 
main with our brethren at the southward to say, whether this shall be the 
case or not whether we shall be an united or divided church. Some 
little difference in government may exist in different States, without af 
fecting the essential points of union and communion." 



1789.] 



APPENDIX. 1ST 



In like spirit, the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, Bishop of the Church in 
Connecticut, in his letter to the Rev. Dr. Smith, dated July 23d, writes 
on the subject of union, etc., as followeth : 

" The wish of my heart, and the wish of the Clergy and of the Church 
people of this State, would certainly have carried me and some of the 
Clergy to your General Convention, had we conceived we could have at 
tended with propriety. The necessity of an union of all the Churches, 
and the disadvantages of our present dis-union, we feel and lament 
equally with you; and I agree with you, that there may be a strong and 
etiicacious union between churches, where the usages are different. I 
see not why it may not be so in the present case, as soon as you have re 
moved those obstructions which, while they remain, must prevent all pos 
sibility of uniting. The Church of Connecticut consists, at present, of 
nineteen clergymen in full orders, and more than twenty thousand people 
they suppose, as respectable as the Church in any State in the union." 

After the most serious deliberation upon this important business, and 
cordially joining with our brethren of the eastern or New England 
Churches in the desire of union, the following resolves were unanimously 
adopted in Convention, viz. : 

Resolved, 1st, That a complete Order of Bishops, derived as well un 
der the English as the Scots line of succession, doth now subsist 
within the United States of America, in the persons of the Right Rev. 
William White, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of Pennsylvania; the Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D.D., Bishop 
of the said Church in the State of New York; and the Right Rev. Samuel 
Seabury, D.D., Bishop of the said Church in the State of Connecticut. 

2d. That the said .three Bishops are fully competent to every proper act 
and duty of the Episcopal office and character in these United States ; as 
well in respect to the consecration of other bishops, and the ordering of 
Priests and Deacons, as for the government of the Church, according to 
such Canons, Rules, and institutions as now are, or hereafter may be, 
duly made and ordained by the Church in that case. 

3d. That in Christian charity, as well as of duty, necessity, and expe 
diency, the Churches represented in this Convention ought to contribute, 
in every manner in their power, towards supplying the wants, and grant 
ing every just and reasonable request of their sister churches in these 
States ; and therefore resolved, 

4th. That the Right Rev. Dr. White and the Right Rev. Dr. Provoost 
be, and they hereby are,requested to join with the Right Rev. Dr. Sea- 
bury, in complying with the prayer of the Clergy of the States of Massa 
chusetts and New Hampshire, for the consecration of the Rev. Edward 
Bass, Bishop elect of the churches in the said States ; but that, before the 
said Bishops comply with the request aforesaid, it be proposed to the 
churches in the New England States to meet the Churches of these 
States, with the said three Bishops, in an adjourned Convention, to settle 
certain articles of union and discipline among all the churches, previous 
to such consecration. 

5th. That if any difficulty or delicacy, in respect to the Archbishops 
and Bishops of England, shall remain with the Right Rev. Drs. White 
and Provoost, or either of them, concerning their compliance with the 
above request, this Convention will address the Archbishops and Bishops, 
and hope thereby to remove the difficulty. 



138 



APPENDIX. 



[1789. 



We have now, most venerable Fathers, submitted to your considera 
tion whatever relates to this important business of union among all our 
churches in these United States. It was our original and sincere inten 
tion to have obtained three bishops, at least, immediately consecrated by 
the Bishops of England, for the seven States comprehended within our 
present union. But that intention being frustrated through unforeseen 
circumstances, we could not wish to deny any present assistance, which 
may be found in our power to give to any of our sister churches, in that 
way which may be most acceptable to them, and in itself legal and ex 
pedient. 

We ardently pray for the continuance of your favour and blessing, and 
that, as soon as the urgency of other weighty concerns of the Church 
will allow, we may be favoured with that fatherly advice and direction, 
which to you may appear most for the glory of God and the prosperity of 
our Churches, upon the consideration of the foregoing documents and 
papers. 

Done in Convention this eighth day of August, 1789, and directed to be 
signed by all the members as the act of their body, and by the President 
officially. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and 
President of the Convention. 

NEW YORK . . . ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., Assistant Mi 
nister of Trinity Church, in the City of 
New York. 

BENJAMIN MOORE, D.D., Assistant Mi 
nister of Trinity Church, in the City 
of New York. 
MOSES ROGERS, Lay Deputy from New 

York. 

NEW JERSEY . . WILLIAM FRAZER, A.M., Rector of St. Mi 
chael's Church, in Trenton, and St. 
Andrew's Church, in Amwell. 
UZAL OGDEN, Rector of Trinity Church, 

Newark. 
HENRY WADDELL, Rector of the Churches 

of Shrewsbury and Middleton. 
GEORGE H. SPIEREX, Rector of St. Pe 
ter's Church, Perth Amboy. 
JOHN Cox, \ 

SAMUEL OGDEN, > Lay Deputies. 
ROBERT S. JONES, J 

PENNSYLVANIA . SAMUEL MAGAW, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Philadelphia, and Vice-Provost 
of the University. 

ROBERT BLACKWELL, D.D., Senior As 
sistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 
JOSEPH PILMORE, Rector of the United 
Churches of Trinity, St. Thomas' and 
All Saints. 



1789.] 



APPENDIX. 



139 



DELAWARE 



MARYLAND 



VIRGINIA 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



JOSEPH G. J. BEND, Assistant Minister 
of Christ Church and St. Peter's, hi 
Philadelphia. 

GERARDUS CLARKSON, \ 

TENCH COXE, V Lay Deputies. 

FRANCIS HOPKINSON, J 

JOSEPH COWDEN, Clerical Deputy. 

STEPHEN SYKES, Clerical Deputy. 

JAMES SYKES, Lay Deputy. 

WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., Provost of the 
College and Academy of Philadelphia, 
and Clerical Deputy as late Rector of 
Chester Parish, Kent County, Mary 
land. And for 

THOMAS JOHN CLAGGETT, D. D., Rector 
of St. Paul's, Prince George's County. 

COLIN FERGUSON, D.D., Rector of St. 
Paul's, Kent County. 

JOHN BISSETT, A.M., "Rector of Shrews 
bury Parish. 

RICHARD B. CARMICHAEL, \ Lay 

WILLIAM FRISBY, / Deputies. 

ROBERT ANDREWS, Professor of Mathema 
tics in the College of William and 
Mary. 

ROBERT SMITH, D.D., Rector of St. Phi 
lip's Church, and Principal of Charles 
ton College. 

WILLIAM BRISBANE, 1 Lay Deputies . 

WILLIAM BUKROWS, / * 



APPENDIX. No. III. 



PAPERS RELATING TO THE SCOTS EPISCOPACY, AS CON 
NECTED WITH THE ENGLISH, AND THE CONSECRATION 
OF BISHOP SEABURY. 

Extract from the Register of Archbishop Juxon, in the Library of his 
Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth Palace. FOL. 237. 

" It appears that James Sharp was consecrated Archbishop of St. An 
drew's Andrew Fairfoull, Archbishop of Glasgow Robert Leighton, 
Bishop of Doublenen (Dunblane) and James Hamilton, Bishop of Gal 
loway on the 15th day of December, 1661, in St. Peter's Church, West 
minister, by Gilbert, Bishop of London, Commissary to the Archbishop 
of Canterbury ; and that the Right Rev. George, Bishop of Worcester, 
John, Bishop of Carlisle, and Hugh, Bishop of Landaff, were present and 
assisting." 

Extracted this 3d day of June, 1789, by me, 

WILLIAM DICKES, SECEETABY. 



LONDON, JUNE 3d, 1789. 

That the above is a true copy of an extract procured by order of Arch 
bishop Moore, to be sent to Bishop Seabury, in Connecticut, is attested 
by us, Bishops of the Scottish Church, now in this place on business of 
importance to the said Church. 

JOHN SKINNER, BISHOP. 

WILLIAM ABERNETHY DRUMMOND, BISHOP. 

JOHN STR^ICHAN, BISHOP. 

140 



1789] APPENDIX. 141 



A List of the Consecration and Succession of Scots Bishops 
since the Revolution, 1688, under William the Third as 
far as the Consecration of Bishop Seabury is concerned. 



1693. FEB. 23. Dr. George Hicks, was consecrated Suffragan of Thet- 
ford, in the Bishop of Peterborough's chapel, in the parish of Enfield, by 
Dr. William Lloyd, Bishop of Norwich, Dr. Francis Turner, Bishop of 
Ely, and Dr. Thomas White, Bishop of Peterborough. 

N. B Dr. Lloyd, Dr. Turner, and Dr. White, were three of the Eng 
lish Bishops who were deprived at the revolution, by the civil Power, for 
not swearing allegiance to William the Third. They were also three of 
the Seven Bishops who had been sent to the Tower by James the Second, 
for refusing to order an illegal proclamation to be read in their dioceses. 

1705. JAN. 25. Mr. John Sage, formerly one of the Ministers of Glas 
gow, and Mr. John Fullarton, formerly Minister of Paisley, were conse 
crated at Edinburgh, by John Paterson, Archbishop of Glasgow, Alexan 
der Rose, Bishop of Edinburgh, and Robert Douglas, Bishop of Dun 
blane. 

N. B. Archbishop Paterson, Bishop Rose, and Bishop Douglas, were 
deprived at the revolution, by the civil power, because they refused to 
swear allegiance to William the Third. 



1709. APRIL 28. Mr. John Falcon ar, Minister at Cairnbee, and Mr. 
Henry Chrystie, Minister at Kinross, were consecrated at Dundee, by 
Bishop Rose of Edinburgh, Bishop Douglas of Dunblane, and Bishop 
Sage. 



1711. AUG. 25. The Honourable Archibald Campbell was consecrated 
at Dundee, by Bishop Rose of Edinburgh, Bishop Douglas of Dunblane, 
and Bishop Falconar.. 

1712. FEB. 24. Mr. James Gadderar, formerly Minister at Kilmaurs, 
was consecrated at London, by Bishop Hickes, Bishop Falconar, and 
Bishop Campbell. 

1712. OCT. 22. Mr. Arthur Millar, formerly Minister at Inveresk. and 
Mr. William Irvine, formerly Minister at Kirkmichael, in Carrict, were 
consecrated at Edinburgh, by Bishop Rose of Edinburgh, Bishop Fullar 
ton, and Bishop Falconar. 



142 APPENDIX. [1789. 

After the Bishop of Edinburgh's death. 

1722. OCT. 7. Mr. Andrew Cant, formerly one of the Ministers of Edin 
burgh, and Mr. David Freebairn, formerly Minister of Dunning, were con 
secrated at Edinburgh, by Bishop Fullarton, Bishop Millar, and Bishop 
Irvine. 

1727. JUHE 4. Dr. Thomas Rattray, of Craighall, was consecrated at 
Edinburgh, by Bishop Gadderar, Bishop Millar, and Bishop Cant. 

1727. JUNE 18. Mr. William Dnnbar, Minister at Cruden, and Mr. 
Robert Keith, Presbyter in Edinburgh, were consecrated at Edinburgh, 
by Bishop Gadderar, Bishop Millar, and Bishop Rattray. 

N. B. They who were deprived of their Parishes at the revolution are, 
in this list called Ministers ; bnt they who have not been parish Ministers 
under the civil establishment, are called Presbyters. 

1736. JUHE 24. Mr. Robert White, Presbyter at Cupar, was consecrated 
at Carsebank, near Forfar, by Bishop Rattray, Bishop Dunbar, and 
Bishop Keith. 

1741. Sept. 10. Mr. William Falconar, Presbyter at Forres, was conse 
crated at Alloa, in Clacmannanshire, by Bishop Rattray, Bishop Keith, 
and Bishop White. 

1742. OCT. 4. Mr. James Rait, Presbyter at Dundee, was consecrated 
at Edinburgh by Bishop Rattray, Bishop Keith, and Bishop White. 

1743. AUG. 19. Mr. John Alexander, Presbyter at Alloa, in Clacman 
nanshire, was consecrated at Edinburgh, by Bishop Keith, Bishop White, 
Bishop Falconar, and Bishop Rait. 

1747. JULY 17. Mr. Andrew Gerard, Presbyter in Aberdeen, was con 
secrated at Cupar, in Fife, by Bishop White, Bishop Falconar, Bishop 
Rait, and Bishop Alexander. 



1759. Nov. 1. Mr. Henry Edgar was consecrated at Cupar, in Fife, by 
Bishop White, Bishop Falconar, Bishop Rait and Bishop Alexander, as 
co-adjutor to Bishop White, then Primus. 

N. B. Anciently, no Bishop in Scotland had the stile of Archbishop, 
but one of them had a precedency, under the title of Primus ScoticB Epis- 
copus. And after the revolution they returned to their old stile, which 
they still retain, one of them being entitled Primus, to whom precedency 
is allowed, and deference paid in the Synod of Bishops. 

1762. JUNE 24. Mr. Robert Forbes was consecrated at Forfar, by Bishop 
Falconar, Primus, Bishop Alexander, and Bishop Gerard. 



1789.] APPENDIX. 143 

1768. SEPT. 21. Mr. Eobert Kilgour, Presbyter at Peterhead, was con 
secrated Bishop of Aberdeen, at Cupar, in Fife, by Bishop Falconar, 
Primus, Bishop Rait, and Bishop Alexander. 

1777. AUG. 24. Mr. Charles Rose, Presbyter at Down, was consecrated 
Bishop of Dunblane, at Forfar, by Bishop Falconar, Primus, Bishop Rait, 
and Bishop Forbes. 

1776. JUNE 27. Mr. Arthur Petrie, Presbyter at Meikelfolla, was con 
secrated Bishop Co-adjntor at Dundee, by Bishop Falconar, Primus, 
Bishop Rait, Bishop Kilgour, and Bishop Rose, and appointed Bishop of 
Ross and Caithness. July 8th, 1777. 

N. B. After the revolution, the Bishops in Scotland had no particular 
diocess, but managed their ecclesiastical affairs in one body as a College ; 
but finding inconveniences in the mode, they took particular dioceses, 
which, though not exactly according to the limits of the diocesea under 
the former legal establishment, still retain their old names. 

1778. AUG. 13. Mr. George Inness, Presbyter in Aberdeen, was conse 
crated Bishop of Brechen, at Alloa, by Bishop Falconar, Primus, Bishop 
Rose, and Bishop Petrie. 

1782. SEPT. 25. Mr. John Skinner, Presbyter in Aberdeen, was conse 
crated Bishop Co-adjutor, at Luthermuir, in the diocess of Brechen, by 
Bishop Kilgour, Primus, Bishop Rose, and Petrie. 

jCcJS^" The foregoing list is taken from an attested copy, in 
the possession of Bishop Seabury. 

1784. Nov. 14. Dr. Samuel Seabury, Presbyter, from the State of Con 
necticut, in America, was consecrated Bishop at Aberdeen, by Bishop 
Kilgour, Primus, Bishop Petrie, and Bishop Skinner, as, by the deed 01 
consecration, as follows, viz.: 



IN DEI NOMINE. AMEN. 



Omnibus ubique Catholicis per Presentes pateat, 

Nos, ROBERTUM KILGOUR, miseratione divina, Episcopum Aberdonien 
ARTHURUM PETRIE, Episcopum Rossen et Moravien et JOANNEM SKINNER, 
Episcopum Coadjutorern ; Mysteria Sacra Domini nostri Jesu Christi in 
Oratorio supradicti JOANNIS SKINNER apnd Aberdoniam celebrantes, Di- 
vini Numinis Praesidio fretos (presentibus tarn e Clero, quam e Populo 
testibus idoneis) SAMUELEM SEABURY, Doctorem Divinitatis, sacra Presby- 
teratus ordine jam decoratum, ac nobis prse Vitae integritate, Morum prob- 
itate et Orthodoxia, commendatum, et ad docendum et regendum aptum 



144 APPENDIX. [1789. 

et idoneum, ad sacrum et sublimem Episcopatus Ordinem promovisse, et 
rite ac canonice, secundum Morem et Ritus Ecclesiae Scoticanse, conse- 
crasse, Die Novembris decimo quarto, Anno ./Erse Christian Millesimo 
Septingentesimo Octagesimo Quarto. 

In cujus Rei Testimonium, Instrumento huic (chirographis nostris prius 
munito) Sigilla nostra apponi mandavimus. 

ROBERTUS KILGOUR, Episcopus, et Primus. [L. s.] 
ARTHURUS PETRIE, Episcopus. [L. s.] 

JOANNES SKINNER, Episcopua. [L. s.] 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OF THE 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



THE CITY OF NEW YORK, FROM TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 
HTH, TO WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19iH, 1Y92. 

(145) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. John Bowden. 
Samuel Marsh, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 

Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D. 
Philip Nichols, Esq. 
Thomas Belden, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 

Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D. 
Rev. Thomas L. Moore. 
Rev. Richard C. Moore. 
Aquila Giles, Esq. 
Dr. Samuel Martin. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden. 
Rev. William Frazer. 
Rev. Henry Waddell. 
Hon. Robert Morris. 
Colonel Samuel Ogden. 
John De Hart, Esq. 

FROM AE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 
Rev. Joseph Pilmore. 
Rev. Elisha Rigg. 
John Campbell, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 
Rev. John Bisset. 

(147) 



148 LIST OF MEMBERS. [1792. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 

Rev. John Bowie, D.D. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend. 
Rev. John Coleman. 
Colonel John Weems. 
Major James Lloyd. 
Dr. John Hindman. 
Mr. James Howard. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 

Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey. 
Robert Andrews, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 
Rev. Thomas Frost. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of (jlpriralf anb XLag 




YORK, 
TUESDAY, September llth, 1792. 

and Lay Deputies from the Churches in 
yjffi several of the States assembled in Trinity Church, 
^a) at 10 o'clock A.M. ; and after prayers by the Rev. 

Thomas L. Moore, judging it proper to wait for the arrival 
of the Deputies from other Churches, 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The members met, and attended divine service performed 
by the Right Rev. Dr. Madison and Rev. Dr. Maga\r, and a 
Sermon preached by the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury. 

After the congregation was dismissed, the members assem 
bled, the Rev. Dr. Smith, the President of the last Conven 
tion, in the Chair. 

The Rev. John Bisset was appointed Secretary pro tem- 
pore. 

The members proceeded to choose by ballot a President of 
the House; and the Rev. Dr. William Smith was elected. 

They then proceeded to choose a Secretary by ballot; and 
the Rev. John Bisset was elected. 

Resolved That the Rev. Dr. Beach, Rev. Mr. Ogden, 

(149) 



150 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

and Major Lloyd be a Committee to examine the credentials 
of the members, and report thereon. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Moore, Mr. Andrews, Rev. 
Mr. Frazer, Mr. Campbell, and Mr. Marsh, be a Committee 
to report rules of order. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this house be 
given to the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, for his Sermon deliv 
ered this day in Trinity Church; and that the Rev. Dr. 
Beach and Robert Andrews, Esq., be appointed to present 
the thanks of this house, and to request a copy of the Ser 
mon for publication. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Dr. Beach inform the House of 
Bishops, that this house is now organized, and ready to pro 
ceed to business, and to receive any communications from 
them, and to propose 10 o'clock A.M., as the stated hour of 
meeting. 

The Bishops informed the House, by their Secretary, that 
they agree to the hour of 10 as the time of meeting. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The Rev. John Bisset read prayers. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Mr. Ogden inform the Bishops, 
that seats are prepared for their accommodation on the right 
hand of the chair, whenever they may choose to be present 
at the debates of the house. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach, from the Committee on the creden 
tials of the members, brought in a report, which was read 
and concurred with. 

Resolved, That no person shall be capable of acting as a 
member of the House of Deputies, under the deputation of 
more than one Convention. 

In consequence of this resolve, the Rev. John Bisset, who 
had been reported as elected by the Churches in Maryland 
and Delaware, took his seat as representative of the Church 
of Delaware. 

The R?v. John Bowden and Samuel Marsh, Esq., two of 
the deputies from the Church in Connecticut, having produc 
ed a testimonial of their appointment by the Church in 
Rhode Island, took their seats as representatives of that 
Church. 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 151 

The Rev. Dr. Moore, from the Committee for framing 
rules of order, brought in a report. 

Orderedjthat it be read. 

Ordered , that it be read a second time, and considered by 
paragraphs. 

Accordingly it was read and considered, and the following 
rules were adopted and ratified. 

I. The business of every day shall be introduced by 
prayers. 

II. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, unless to ad 
dress the Chair. 

III. No member shall absent himself from the service of 
the Convention, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

IV. When any member is about to speak in debate, or de 
liver any matter to the Convention, he shall rise from his 
seat, and, without advancing, shall with due respect address 
himself to the President, confining himself strictly to the 
point in debate. 

V. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate without leave of the house. 

VI. A question being once determined, shall stand as the 
judgment of the Convention, and shall not be again drawn 
into debate during the same session. 

VII. While the President is putting any question, no one 
shall hold private discourse, stand up, walk into, out of, or 
across the house, or read any book. 

VIII. Every member who shall be in the Convention when 
any question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless 
he be particularly interested in the decision. 

IX. No motion shall be considered as before the house un 
less it be seconded, and reduced to writing when required. 

X. When any question is before the Convention, it shall 
be determined on before any thing new is introduced, except 
the question for adjournment. 

XL The question on a motion for adjournment shall be 
taken before any other, and without debate. 

XII. When the Convention is to rise, every member shall 
keep his seat until the President leave the chair. 

The Rev. Dr. Magaw obtained leave of absence till Sa 
turday morning. 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

Resolved, That the house now go into a Committee of 
the whole on the State of the Church: Rev. Dr. Moore in 
the chair. 

The Committee rose and reported progress, and asked 
leave to sit again. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, 10 o'clock A.M. 

The Rev. Uzal Ogden read prayers. 

It appearing to the Convention, that the Church in the 
State of Rhode Island had not acceded to the Constitution, 
but that the deputies from the Church in Connecticut were 
vested by the said Church in Rhode Island with full powers 
to act in all things on their behalf; 

Resolved, That the deputies from the Church in Con 
necticut are authorized to accede to the Constitution of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 
in the name and behalf of the Church in the State of Rhode 
Island. 

Accordingly, the Clerical and Lay Deputies from the 
Church in Connecticut, subscribed the Constitution in the 
name of the Church in Rhode Island. 

Satisfactory documents having been laid before the Con 
vention of the appointment of the Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, 
D.D., to the Office of Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Maryland, and also a testimony of 
the Convention of the Church in that State, in the form pre 
scribed by the Canon ; 

Resolved, That this house do now proceed to sign the 
testimony in such cases required from the General Conven 
tion. 

Accordingly, the said testimony was signed by all the 
members, and delivered to the deputies from the Church in 
Maryland, to be presented to the Rev. Dr. Claggett. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Moore and Colonel Giles be 
a Committee to request of the Mayor and Aldermen of New 
York, the use of two apartments in the City Hall, for the 
accommodation of the Convention. 

The house again resolved itself into a Committee of the 
whole, on the State of the Church. 

The Rev. Dr. Moore, from the Committee of the whole, 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CCNVENTION. 153 

reported, that a motion for ratifying the proposed amendment 
of the Constitution, by which the House of Bishops would 
be invested with a negative upon the proceedings of the 
other house, was negatived. 

The Rev. Mr. Waddell obtained leave of absence for to 
morrow. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The Rev. Joseph Pilmore read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Moore reported, that the Mayor and Alder* 
men had granted the use of two apartments in the City 
Hall for the accommodation of the two Houses of Con 
vention. 

The house adjourned to the City HalL 

Ordered, That Major Lloyd inform the House of Bish 
ops, that this house request a conference with them on the 
general state of the Church, and propose that the Bishops 
appoint the time and place for holding such conference. 

The Rev. Richard C. Moore obtained leave of absence till 
Monday morning. 

It was moved to concur with the resolve of the Committee 
of the whole, on the question respecting the Bishops' negative. 

The previous question was then moved Shall the motion 
for concurrence be now put ? and determined in the negative. 

On motion, Resolved, That it be made known to the se 
veral State Conventions, that it is proposed to consider and 
determine, in the next General Convention, on the propriety 
of investing the House of Bishops with a full negative upon 
the proceedings of the other house. 

The house received from the House of Bishops, alterations 
of the Office of consecrating Bishops, and information that 
they agreed to enter immediately into conference with the 
Clerical and Lay Deputies in their house. 

The house went into conference with the House of Bishops. 

After the conference, in which the expediency of consider 
ing the articles of religion at this time was discussed, 

Resolved, That, as the Churches in some of the States 
are not represented in this Convention, and others only par 
tially, the consideration of the Articles of Religion be post 
poned until the next General Convention. 



154 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

The Office of Consecration, as altered by the House of 
Bishops, was taken up and read. 

It was read a second time, and considered by paragraphs. 

Resolved, That it be agreed to and passed. 

The house received information from the House of Bishops, 
that they had examined and approved the testimonials of the 
Rev. Dr. Claggett, Bishop elect of the Church in Maryland ; 
and that they had appointed half after 10 o'clock on Mon 
day morning as the time for his consecration. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock on Monday morning. 



MONDAY, 9 o'clock A.M. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith read prayers. 

The house adjourned to attend divine service in Trinity 
Church, on occasion of the consecration of the Rev. Dr. 
Claggett, Bishop elect of the Church in Maryland. 

After divine service the house met. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this house be 
given to the Rev. Dr. Smith, for his Sermon delivered this 
day in Trinity Church, and that he be requested to furnish a 
copy of the same for publication. 

Resolved, That a message be sent to the House of Bish 
ops, requesting a conference with them at half after 9 o'clock 
to-morrow. 

This message was carried by Major Lloyd, who returned 
and informed the house, that the Bishops agree to meet the 
house at the hour proposed. 

A letter and copy of proceedings of the Clergy and Laity 
of the Church in North Carolina were laid before the house, 
expressing their approbation of the proceedings of the last 
General Convention held in Philadelphia, and their willing 
ness to accede to the Constitution of the Protestant Episco- 
.pal Church in the United States of America. 

Ordered, That they be preserved by the Secretary among 
the records of the house. 

A letter was received from Mr. Parry Hall, printer, in Phi 
ladelphia, which was read and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Rigg and Rev. Mr. Bend obtained leave of 
absence for the remaining part of the session. 

The house received from the House of Bishops, alterations 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 155 

of the form and manner of ordering Priests; which were 
read. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith read prayers. 

The form of ordering Priests was again read, and consider 
ed by paragraphs, and with two amendments was passed. 

Ordered, That the House of Bishops be informed thereof 
by Mr. Bisset; who returned and reported that they concur 
red with the amendments proposed by this house. 

The house went into conference with the House of Bishops 
on the State of the Church. 

When the Bishops withdrew, the President reported, that 
the two houses had agreed to appoint a joint Committee to 
compare the printed edition of the Book of Common Prayer 
with the original acts of the last General Convention, where 
they may judge it necessary, and to prepare a mode of au 
thenticating the book by some certain standard, and of pub 
lishing future editions of the same in the Churches in the 
different States. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Magaw, Rev. Dr. Moore, 
Rev. Mr. Jarvis, Col. Ogden, John De Hart, Esquire, and 
Dr. Hindman, be a Committee on the part of this House for 
the above purpose. 

The President also reported, that the two houses had agreed 
to appoint a joint committee for preparing a plan of support 
ing missionaries to preach the gospel on the frontiers of the 
United States. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Beach, Rev. Mr. Bowden, 
Rev. Mr. M'Croskey, Rev. Mr. Frost, Samuel Marsh, Esq., 
Dr. Martin, Major Lloyd, and Mr. Campbell, be a Commit 
tee on the part of this house for the above purpose. 

The Rev. Mr. Frazer, Rev. Mr. Coleman, Mr. Andrews, 
and Mr. Marsh, had leave of absence after to-morrow 
morning. 

Resolved, That the next meeting of the General Con- 
vontion be held in the city of Philadelphia; and that the 
House of Bishops be requested to appoint one of their body 
to open the Convention with a Sermon. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Mr. Frost communicate to the 



156 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

House of Bishops the above resolve, and appointment of 
committees. 

The House of Bishops informed the house that they had 
appointed Bishops Seabury and White a Committee to act in 
conjunction with a Committee appointed by this house, to 
compare the Book of Common Prayer with the original acts, 
etc. ; and Bishops Madison and Claggett a Committee to act 
with the Committee appointed for preparing a plan of sup 
porting missionaries, etc. 

The house received from the House of Bishops alterations 
of the form and manner of making Deacons. 

Ordered that they be read. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they agreed to the resolve of holding 
the next meeting of the General Convention in Philadelphia, 
and that they had appointed the Right Rev. Dr. Provoost to 
open the Convention with a Sermon. 

The form of making Deacons was again taken up and con 
sidered by paragraphs, and, with some amendments, was 
agreed to. 

Ordered, that Mr. Bisset carry it to the House of Bishops 
and request their concurrence with the amendments pro 
posed. 

The House of Bishops informed the house, that they con 
curred with the amendments proposed to the form of making 
Deacons. 

The house received from the House of Bishops additional 
Canons, and a resolve for printing in one book the form of 
ordaining Deacons, Priests, and Bishops. 

Ordered that the Canons be read. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The Rev. Dr. Magaw read prayers. 

The Rev. Dr. Magaw, from the Committee appointed for 
comparing the printed edition of the Book of Common 
Prayer with the original acts 3 etc., brought in a report, which 
was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach, from the Committee appointed for 
preparing a plan for supporting missionaries, etc., brought in 
a report, which was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 157 

The additional Canons were again taken up, and consi 
dered by paragraphs. 

Six additional Canons were, with amendments, agreed to 
and enacted; and, with an amendment of the 7th Canon, or 
dered to be sent by Mr. Bisset to the House of Bishops, for 
their concurrence in the amendments of this house. 

The House of Bishops informed the house, that they con 
curred with the amendments proposed by this house to the 
Canons, except to the amendment to the 4th. 

Resolved, That the house concur with the resolve of the 
House of Bishops, for printing in one book the form of or 
daining Deacons, Priests, and Bishops, and that the Rev. 
Dr. Moore be appointed, on the part of this house, for that 
purpose. 

Resolved, That the house adhere to their amendment of 
the 4th Canon; and that Colonel Ogden inform the House 
of Bishops thereof. 

The report of the Committee on the Book of Common 
Prayer was again taken up, and considered by paragraphs; 
and, with amendments, sent by the Secretary to the House 
of Bishops for their concurrence. 

The House of Bishops informed the House, that they re 
cede from their disagreement to the amendment of the 4th 
Canon, and agree to the resolve respecting the negative of 
the House of Bishops. 

The report of the Committee on the plan for supporting 
missionaries, etc., was again taken up and considered by pa 
ragraphs, and some amendments were proposed and agreed 
to. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing that a joint Committee be appointed for publishing 
Journals of the two house.s, and that the Lists of Clergy be 
printed in an Appendix. 

The Rev. Dr. Bowie and Dr. Hindman obtained leave of 
absence. 

Adjourned to 5 o'clock P.M. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

The house met, and proceeded in the consideration of the 
report on the plan for supporting missionaries, etc., which 
was agreed to with amendments; and the Secretary was 
desired to carry it to the House of Bishops for their con 
currence. 



158 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

Ordered, that the Presiding bishop be requested to forward 
to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, thirty copies of 
the Journal for his use, and for the use of the Eight Rev. 
the Bishops of England. 

The house proceeded to appoint a Standing Committee, 
and the following gentlemen were chosen : 

For New Hampshire, the Hon. Mr. Livermore. 

For Massachusetts, the Rev. Dr. Parker. 

For Rhode Island, the Rev. William Smith. 

For Connecticut, the Rev. Abraham Jarvis. 

For New York, the Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Dr. Beach, 
Richard Harrison, Esq. 

For New Jersey, the Rev. Uzal Ogden, Mr. J. M. Wal 
lace, Colonel Ogden. 

For Pennsylvania, the Rev. Dr. Magaw, Rev. Dr. Black- 
well, Rev. Mr. Pilmore, Hon. Mr. Powell, Dr. Rush, Mr. 
John Wilcocks. 

For Delaware, the Rev. Mr. Thome, Nicholas Ridgely, 
Esq. 

For Maryland, the Rev. John Bisset, Major Lloyd. 

For Virginia, Rev. Mr. M'Croskey, Robert Andrews, Esq. 

For South Carolina, the Rev. Dr. Smith, Hon. Mr. Izard. 

Ordered, that the President of this house is chairman of 
the above Committee, and is empowered to call together the 
members. 

The House of Bishops proposed an amendment to the re 
port respecting missionaries, which was agreed to. 

The house proceeded to appoint a Committee for carrying 
into effect the act respecting missionaries ; and the Rev. Dr. 
Smith, Rev. Dr. Magaw, Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. Dr. An 
drews, Hon. Mr. Powell, Mr. John Wood, and Dr. Rush, 
were chosen: 

Ordered, that the Secretary inform the House of Bishops 
thereof. 

The House of Bishops informed the house that they agree 
to the amendment of the 7th Canon of the last Convention, 
and propose that the annexed certificate be altered, to cor 
respond with it ; and that the Canon so altered, be published 
as a Canon of this Convention. 

Resolved, That the above proposal be agreed to. 
The house proceeded to appoint a Committee on the part 
of this house, for publishing and authenticating the Book of 
Common Prayer, agreeably to an act of Convention passed 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 159 

for that purpose ; and the Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Dr. Beach, 
and Dr. Johnson were chosen. 

Ordered, that the House of Bishops be informed thereof 
by the Secretary, who reported that they had appointed the 
Eight Rev. Dr. Provoost. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this house be 
given to the Mayor and Aldermen of New York for the use 
of the City Hall ; and that the Rev. Dr. Moore and Colonel 
Giles communicate the same. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Dr. Beach, and 
the Secretary, be a Committee on the part of this house, for 
levising, correcting and publishing the Journals. 

Ordered, that one thousand copies of the Journals be 
printed. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the house be given to the 
President and Secretary for their attention and services. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties. 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 

Attest: J. BISSET, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of -JBis^ops. 



NEW YORK, 
SEPTEMBER llth, 1792. 

Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, Bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the States of Connecticut and 
Rhode Island, attended in Trinity Church at 10 
o'clock, A.M., and, after prayers, 

Adjourned till 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 




WEDNESDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The members met. Present: the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, 
Right Rev. Dr. Provoost, Bishop of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in New York ; Right Rev. Dr. White, Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in Pennsylvania; and the 
Right Rev. Dr. Madison, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in Virginia. 

They then attended divine service. The Right Rev. Dr. 
Madison read prayers, and the Right Rev. Dr. Seabury 
preached, agreeably to the appointment of the last General 
Convention. 

After divine service, they proceeded to the choice of a Se 
cretary, and the Rev. Samuel Keene was appointed pro tern. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed the 
Bishops that they were organized, and ready to proceed to 
business, and that they propose 10 o'clock A.M., as the stated 
hour of meeting. 

VOL. I. 11 (161) 



162 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

The Bishops agreed to meet at the same hour, and desired 
their Secretary to notify the same to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The Bishops took into consideration the form and manner 
of making, ordaining, and consecrating Bishops, Priests, and 
Deacons; and, after some deliberation, agreed to postpone 
the farther consideration thereof till Friday next. 

Adjourned. 



THURSDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The Bishops met, and attended prayers m the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The first rule for the government of the House of Bishops, 
as agreed on at the last Convention, was re-considered. 

Resolved, That the said rule be rescinded that the fol 
lowing be adopted instead thereof, viz. : The office of Presi 
dent of this house shall be held in rotation, beginning from 
the North ; reference being had to the Presidency of this 
house in the last Convention. 

In consequence of the above rule, the Right Rev. Dr. 
Provoost took the chair. Adjourned. 



FRIDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present: the Right Rev. Dr. Provoost, 
Right Rev. Dr. Seabury, Right Rev. Dr. White, and Right 
Rev. Dr. Madison; and attended prayers in the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house went into the consideration of the form and 
manner of making, ordaining, and consecrating Bishops, 
Priests, and Deacons, agreeably to the postponement of 
Wednesday last. 

A message being received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Moore, Informing this house 
that they had appointed a Committee to apply for the use of 
an apartment in the City Hall ; and that, if it meet with the 
concurrence of this house, application will also be made for 
another apartment to accommodate the Bishops. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Moore be requested to in 
form the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that thia 
house do concur in their proposition. 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 163 

The house proceeded in the consideration of the form 
of ordaining or consecrating a Bishop ; and having agreed on 
sundry alterations of the same, appointed Bishops White and 
Madison a Committee to prepare a draft of the said altera 
tions, to be laid before the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties to-morrow morning. 

Adjourned. 



SATURDAY MORNING. 

The house met present as yesterday. 

The Rev. Mr. Keene being obliged to resign the office of 
Secretary, the Rev. L. Cutting was chosen in his stead. 

The house received a message by the Rev. Dr. Moore, 
that rooms were prepared in the City Hall for the reception 
of the two Houses of Convention. 

The house received a message by the Rev. Dr. Beach, ask 
ing this house to concur with them in thanking the Right 
Rev. Bishop Seabury for his Sermon delivered at the opening 
of the Convention, and in requesting a copy of the same, to 
be printed. 

Resolved, That this house concurs with the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, in thanking the Right Rev. Bish 
op Seabury for his Sermon, delivered at the opening of the 
Convention, and in requesting a copy of the same, to be 
printed. 

The Clerical and Lay deputies from the State of Mary 
land, presented to this house the Rev. Thomas John Clag- 
gett, D.D., as Bishop elect of the Church in the said State, 
requesting that his consecration might be expedited. The 
said deputies laid before the house the proceedings of the 
Convention held in Annapolis, in May, 1792, respecting the 
election of the Rev. Dr. Claggett, together with the certifi 
cates required by the 2d Canon. 

Adjourned to the Senate Chamber in the City Hall, agree 
ably to the determination of yesterday. 

SENATE CHAMBER, CITY HALL. 

The Committee reported a draft of the alterations in the 
Consecration Service, 

The house received a message from the Clerical and Lay 



164 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

deputies by Hon. Mr. Lloyd, requesting a conference with 
them on the general state of the Church. 

Resolved, That the alterations in the Consecration Ser 
vice be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for 
their concurrence ; and that they be informed this house is 
now ready to meet them in their room on the proposed con 
ference. 

The house went into a conference with the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, in which the President of this house 
was requested to take the chair, when the following motion 
was made. 

Agreed, that as the churches in some of the States are not 
represented in this Convention, and others only partially, 
the consideration of the Articles of Religion be postponed 
until the next General Convention which passed in the 
negative in the House of Bishops, and in the affirmative in 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house having considered the testimonials respecting 
the election of the Rev. Dr. Claggett, and found them satis 
factory, 

Resolved, That the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Thomas 
John Claggett take place on Monday morning at half-past 10. 

Adjourned. 



MONDAY MORNING, 9 o'clock. 

House met. Present as on Saturday. 

The house took under consideration the offices for ordain 
ing Priests and Deacons, and having made some advance 
therein, proceeded to Trinity Church, to the consecration of 
the Rev. Thomas John Claggett, D.D. ; and after divine ser 
vice returned to their house, when the Right Rev. Bishop 
Claggett took his seat. 

A message from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
reporting that they concurred with the House of Bishops in 
their alterations in the form of consecrating Bishops. 

A message from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
requesting a conference between the two houses to-morrow 
morning, at half-past 9 o'clock. 

In consideration of the resolve of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, respecting the articles, this house agree 
to postpone the same. 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 165 

Resolved, That a record of the certificate of the conse 
cration of the Right Rev. Bishop Claggett be entered on the 
Journals of this house; and that the Rector, Church War 
dens, and Vestry of Trinity Church, be requested to enter it 
on their church book. 

Resolved, That it be proposed to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies to publish, in one book, the form and man 
ner of making, ordaining, and consecrating Bishops, Priests, 
and Deacons, conformably to the alterations agreed on be 
tween the two houses. 

Adjourned till half-past 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY MORNING, half-past 9. 

House met. Present, the Right Rev. Bishops Provoost, 
Seabury, White, Madison, and Claggett. 

The house originated certain Canons, and sent them to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for their concurrence. 

The house received a message by the Rev. Mr. Bisset, 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, proposing two 
amendments in the Office for ordaining Priests; to both 
which the house agreed. 

The house went into a conference with the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies. The President of this house was 
requested to take the chair in which conference the follow 
ing propositions were agreed to. 

Resolved, That a joint Committee be appointed to com 
pare the printed edition of the Common Prayer Book with 
the original acts of the last General Convention, where they 
may judge it necessary, and to adopt a mode of authenti 
cating the book by some certain standard, and for publishing 
future editions of the same in the churches of the different 
States. 

Resolved, That a joint Committee of both houses be ap 
pointed to report a plan for supporting missionaries to preach 
the Gospel on the frontiers of the United States. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishops Seabury and 
White be a Committee from this house on the first proposi 
tion ; and the Right Rev. Bishops Madison and Claggett be 
a Committee on the last. 

The house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, proposing that the next General Conven- 



166 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

tion be held in the city of Philadelphia, and that this house 
would appoint one of their body to open the Convention 
with a Sermon. 

Resolved, That this house agree to the above, and re 
quest the Right Rev. Bishop Provoost to preach the Sermon. 

The house originated alterations in the Office for ordaining 
Deacons ; and alterations of the Preface, and of the Title of 
the book of ordination and consecration, and sent them to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, requesting their 
concurrence. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, amendments to the additions in the Office for or 
daining Deacons, and in the Preface; in which the house 
concurred. 

Adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, September 19. 

The house met. Present as yesterday, except Bishop 
Claggett. 

The house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, asking the concurrence of the house in a 
resolve of thanks to the Rev. Dr. Smith, for his Sermon de 
livered before them on the occasion of the consecration of 
Bishop Claggett, and that he be requested to furnish a copy 
of the same for publication. 

Resolved, That this house concur in the same. 

The Committee appointed yesterday to compare the printed 
edition, etc., also the Committee appointed to prepare a plan 
for supporting missionaries to preach the Gospel on the fron 
tiers of the United States, made report. 

Resolved, That the several members of this house deliver 
to the Secretary the Lists of the Clergy of their respective 
dioceses, and that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
be requested to send to this house the lists from the several 
States in which there are no Bishops, agreeably to the 16th 
Canon, and that the said Lists be printed as an Appendix to 
the Journal. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, proposing as follows: 

That it be made known to the several State Conventions, 
that it is proposed to consider and determine, in the next 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 167 

General Convention, on the propriety of investing the House 
of Bishops with a full negative on the proceedings of the 
other house. 

This house concurs in the above, and agrees to the amend 
ment of the 4th Canon. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies their concurrence with the proposal concerning the 
publication of the ordination and consecration services. In 
that proposal, the President of this house was named on the 
joint Committee by this house, and the Rev. Dr. Moore is 
appointed on the part of the Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, amendments of the report of the joint Committee 
to compare the printed edition of the Prayer Book, etc. ; to 
which this house agreed, and passed the report. 

The house sent information to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they propose to adjourn to 6 o'clock this 
evening. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, amendments of the report of the joint Committee 
on the plan for supporting missionaries to preach the Gospel 
on the frontiers of the United States, to which this house 
proposed an addition. 

The house also received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, a proposal of sending Journals of this Con 
vention to the Archbishop of Canterbury, for the purpose ^of 
informing his Grace, and the other Prelates of England, of 
the state and proceedings of this Church. 

llesolved, That the house concur therein. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurred in the 
report of the plan for the support of missionaries, etc., and 
named the requisite Committee; with which this house 
agreed. 

The house received a proposal from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, for printing one thousand copies of the 
Journal; also a message as to the mode of authenticating 
the acts of the Convention. 

This house agreed to the former, and proposed the acts to 
be authenticated by the signatures of the Presidents of the 
respective houses. 

The house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, with information that they had appointed 



168 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

a Committee to superintend the printing a correct edition of 
the Common Prayer Book, requesting that a Committee be 
appointed from this house for the same purpose ; when Bishop 
Provoost was accordingly appointed. 

A message, reporting that the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies concur with the proposal respecting the 7th 
Canon. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, their concurrence to the proposal of printing a List 
of the Clergy, in an Appendix to the Journal. 

A message was received, desiring the concurrence of this 
house to the appointing a Committee for printing their Jour 
nal ; when Bishop Provoost was appointed. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
given to the Rev. L. Cutting, for his services as Secretary. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

SAMUEL PROVOOST, 

PRESIDENT. 
Attest: L. CUTTING, Secretary. 



1792J 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 169 



THE CERTIFICATE OF THE CONSECRATION OF 
THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP CLAGGETT. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Samuel Provoost, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New York, 
Presiding Bishop; Samuel Seabury, D.D., Bishop of Connecticut and 
Rhode Island ; William White, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; James Madison, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Virginia ; un 
der the protection of Almighty God, in Trinity Church, in the city of 
New York, on Monday, the seventeenth of September, in the year of our 
Lord One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, did then and there rightly 
and canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, Thomas John Claggett, 
D.D., late Rector of St. James's parish in the State of Maryland, of whose 
sufficiency in good learning, ssundness in the faith, and purity of man 
ners, we were fully ascertained, into the office of Bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the said State, to which the said Thomas John 
Claggett hath been elected by the Convention of the said State. In tes 
timony whereof we have signed our names and caused our seals to be 
affixed. 

Given in the city of New York this nineteenth day of September, in. 
the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and ninety-two. 
SAMUEL PROVOOST. [L. s.] 

S. SEABURY. [L. s.] 

WM. WHITE. [L. s.] 

J. MADISON. [L. s.] 



A true copy of the Certificate of the Consecration of the Right Rev. 
Dr. Thomas John Claggett, as compared with the original, by 
LEOC. CUTTING, 

SECRETARY OP THE HOUSE OP BISHOPS. 
J. BISSET, 
SECRETARY OP THE HOUSE OP CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



170 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

Sbbifional (Janons. 
i. 

For a more full accomplishment of the good purposes to be answered 
by the 16th Canon, enacted by the last General Convention, it is hereby 
required, that every Clergyman claiming to be a Minister of this Church, 
shall deliver in his name to the Bishop, or if there be no Bishop, to th 
chairman or some member of the Standing Committee of the Church in 
the State in which he resides, on or before Easter Monday, 1793; or, if he 
be not within any of the States which have acceded to the Constitution of 
this Church, then within three months after he shall come to reside in any 
of the said States. And every Clergyman, during his neglect of confor 
mity to this Canon, shall not be known as a Clergyman of this Church, 
or be admitted to minister in any offices of the same. 

II. 

If a Clergyman of the Church in any diocese or district within this 
union shall, in any other diocese or district, conduct himself in such a 
way as is contrary to the rules of this Church, and disgraceful to his 
office, the bishop, or, if there be no bishop, the Standing Committee, 
shall give notice thereof to the ecclesiastical authority of the diocese or 
district to which such offender .belongs, exhibiting, with the information 
given, the proofs of the charges made against him. 

III. 

Whenever a Clergyman shall be degraded, agreeably to the Canons of 
any particular Church in the union, the Bishop who pronounces sentence, 
shall, without delay, cause the sentence of degradation to be published 
from every pulpit where there may be an officiating minister, throughout 
the diocese or district in which the degraded minister resided ; and also 
shall give information of the sentence to all the Bishops of this Church, 
and, where there is no' Bishop, to the Standing Committee. 

IV. 

In regard to the first certificate required in favour of a Bishop elect, by 
the 2d Canon of the last General Convention, and the certificate required 
in favour of a candidate for Priest's or Deacon's Orders by the 6th Canon, 
if there be any members of the bodies respectively concerned who have 
not the requisite personal knowledge of the parties, such persons may pre 
fix the following declaration to their signatures : 

" We believe the testimony contained in the above Certificate, and we 
join in the recommendation of A. B. to the office of ... on suffi 
cient evidence offered to us of the facts set forth." 

Provided, that in the case of a Priest or Deacon, two at least of the 
Standing Committee sign the same, as being personally acquainted with 
the candidate. 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 171 

V, 

No stranger shall be permitted to officiate in any congregation of- this 
Church, without first producing the evidences of his being a minister 
thereof to the minister, or, in case of vacancy or absence, to the church 
wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of the congregation. And in case any 
person not regularly ordained shall assume the ministerial office, and 
perform any of the duties thereof in this Church, the minister, or, in case 
of vacancy or absence, the church wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of the 
congregation where such offence may be committed, shall cause the name 
of such person, together with the offence, to be published in as many of 
the public papers as may be convenient. 

VI. 

No clergyman belonging to this church shall officiate, either by preach 
ing or reading prayers, in the parish, or within the parochial cure of an 
other clergyman, unless he have received express permission for that 
purpose from the minister of the parish or cure, or, in his absence, from 
the church wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of the congregation. 

The Seventh Canon of the last General Convention, as al 
tered and amended by this Convention. 

Of the Learning of those who are to be Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained in this Church until he shall have satisfied 
the Bishop and the two Presbyters, by whom he shall be examined, that 
i.e is sufficiently acquainted with the New Testament in the original 
Greek, and can give an account of his faith in the Latin tongue, either 
in writing or otherwise, as may be required ; and that he hath a compe 
tent knowledge of moral philosophy, church history, and the belles lettres, 
and hath paid attention to rhetoric and pulpit eloquence, as the means of 
giving additional efficacy to his labours, Unless it shall be recom 
mended to the Bishop by two-thirds of the State Convention to which 
he belongs, to dispense with the aforesaid requisition in whole or in 
part: which recommendation shall only be for good causes moving there 
unto, and shall be in the following words, with the signatures of the 
names of the majority of such Convention: 

" We whose names are underwritten, are of opinion, that the dispens 
ing with the knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages [or either of 
the other requisites specified in the Seventh Canon, as the case may be] 
in the examination of A. B. for Holy Orders, will be of use to the Church 
of which we are the Convention, in consideration of other qualifications 
of the said A. B. for the Gospel ministry." 

Enacted, September 19th, 1792. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS: 

SAMUEL PROVOOST, PRESIDENT. 

ATTEST: L, CUTTING, Secretary. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES: 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 
ATTEST: J. BISSET, Secretary. 



172 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1792. 

An Act of the General Convention, for supporting Mission 
aries to preach the Gospel on the frontiers of the United 
States. 

1. Resolved, That it be recommended to the ministers of this Church 
to preach a sermon in each of the churches under their care, on the first 
Sunday of September in every year; and, if that day should not be adapt 
ed to the purpose, then on such other Sunday as the minister and vestry 
or trustees of the congregation shall appoint, for the purpose of collect 
ing money in order to carry into effect this charitable design. 

2. That the money so collected be entered in a record to be kept by the 
vestries or trustees of each congregation ; and by the minister and church 
wardens or trustees be delivered to a treasurer appointed by each State 
Convention, and by him transmitted to a treasurer who shall be appointed 
as herein after directed. 

3. That such missionaries as may be employed by this Church, be au 
thorized to make collections of money from such congregations on the 
frontiers as may contribute, and render an accurate account to the bishop 
of this Church in the State of Pennsylvania, and the Standing Commit 
tee to be appointed by this Convention, of the sums thus collected. 

4. That the bishop of this Church in Pennsylvania, and the said Stand 
ing Committee, frame an address to the members of this Church, recom 
mending this charitable design to their particular attention, which ad 
dress shall be read by every minister on the day appointed for the col 
lection. 

5. That the bishop of this Church in Pennsylvania, and the said Stand 
ing Committee, have authority to appoint a secretary and a treasurer, the 
first to carry on the correspondence, and the other to keep the accounts 
and the moneys of the institution. 

6. That when it shall appear to the bishop of this Church in Pennsyl 
vania, and the Standing Committee to be appointed as aforesaid, that suf 
ficient funds have been provided for the above purpose, they shall then 
employ such missionaries, allow such salaries, and make such arrange 
ments, as to them shall seem best, reporting regularly their proceedings 
to each General Convention. 



An Act of the General Convention for publishing future 
Editions of the Book of Common Prayer, in the Churches 
in the different States. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed by the General Convention 
for the purpose of publishing the Book of Common Prayer, and securing 
the copy rig^ht to them and their assigns, in trust for the Convention ; 
and that this committee be empowered and directed to convey a right to 
print the book to any printer or printers in any of the States, who may 
be recommended for that purpose by the State Convention, or their 



1792.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 173 

Standing Committee, free from any premium for copy right ; such State 
Convention or Standing Committee to superintend, and correct the press 
according to the standard book. 



The Rev. J. L. Wilson, Clerical Deputy from the State of 
North Carolina, having been detained by contrary winds, 
did not arrive in the city of New York till the 28th instant, 
the Convention having risen a few days before. 

J. BISSBT, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 

igf of flj? 



OP THE 

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHUECH. 

DELIVERED IN AND PUBLISHED AGREEABLY TO THE 16TH 
CANON OF THE LAST GENERAL CONVENTION. 



From NEW HAMPSHIRE and MASSACHUSETTS no list was delivered in. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Moses Badger, Rector of King's church, Providence. 
The Rev. William Smith, Rector of Trinity church, Newport. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Ebenezer Dibble, Rector of St. John's church Stamford, 

Rev. George Ogilvie, St. Paul's church, Norwalk. 

Rev. Philo Shelton, Stratfield. 

Rev. Dr. Bela Hubbard, Trinity church, New Haven. 

Rev. Philo Perry, Christ church, Newtown. 

Rev. David Perry, Reading, etc. 

Rev. Truman Marsh, New Milford. 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Litchfield. 

Rev. Ambrose Todd, Symsbury. 

Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke, Huntington. 

Rev. Dr. Richard Mansfield, Derby. 

Rev. Reuben Ives, Cheshire. 

Rev. Dr. Abraham Jarvis, Christ Church, Middleton. 

Rev. Daniel Fogg, Brooklyn. 

Rev. John Tyler, Christ church, Norwich. 

Rev. Chauncey Prmdle, Westbury. 

Rev. John Bowden, residing at Stratford. 

Rev. Edward Blakslee, Deacon, Woodbridge. 

Rev. Solomon Blakslee, Deacon, East Haddam. 

Rev. David Belden, Deacon, . 

Rev. Seth Hart, Deacon, Waterbury. 

Rev. David Butler, Deacon, North Guilford. 

(1T5) 



176 APPENDIX. [1792. 

NEW YORK. 

Rev. Jeremiah Learning, D.D., residing in New York. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 

York. 
Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 

York. 

Rev. Thomas L. Moore, Rector of St. George's church, South Hempstead. 
Rev. Thomas Ellison, Rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 
Rev. Richard C. Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's church, Staten Island. 
Rev. Daniel Foote, Rector of the United churches at Rye and White Plains. 
Rev. George H. Spierin, Rector of the United churches at Newburgh and 

Wallkill. 

Rev. Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's church, Philipsburgh. 
Rev. Andrew Fowler, Rector of the United churches at Peek's Kill and 

Highlands. 

Rev. Theodosius Bartow, Rector of the church at New Rochelle. 
Rev. William Hammel, Rector of the United churches at Jamaica, New- 
town, and Flushing. 

Rev. Ambrose Hull, Rector of the church at Brooklyn. 
Rev. Ammi Rogers, Rector of the United churches at Schenectady and 

Ballstown. 

Rev. Gideon Bostwick officiates every third Sunday at Hudson. 
Rev. James Nicholls officiates every third Sunday at Camden. 
Rev. Daniel Barber, officiates every third Sunday at Kingsbury. 
Rev. Elisha D. Rattoone, Professor of the Greek and Latin languages in 

Columbia College. 
Rev. Samuel Nesbit, residing in New York. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, Rector of Trinity church, Newark. 
Rev. Samuel Spraggs, Rector of St. John's church, Elizabethtown. 
Rev. Henry Vandyke, Rector of St. Peter's church, Amboy, and Christ 

church, New Brunswick. 
Rev. Henry Waddell, Rector of Christ church, Shrewsbury, and Christ 

church, Middletown. 

Rev. Levi Heath, Rector of St. Mary's church, Burlington. 
Rev. William Frazer, Rector of St. Michael's church, Trenton, and St. 

Andrew's church, Amwell. 

Rev. John Croes, Rector of church, Swedesburgh. 

Rev. Samuel Gray, Rector of church, Salem. 

Rev. William Ayres, Rector of St. Peter's church, Spotswood. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's church, Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and SU 
Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, Rector of the churches in York and Huntington. 

Rev. Joseph Pilmore, Assistant Minister of St. Paul's church, Phila 
delphia. 



1792.] 



APPENDIX. 177 



Rev. Slator Clay, Rector of St. David's, Radnor, St. Peter's in the Valley, 

and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Elisha Rigg, Rector of St. James's, Lancaster. 
Rev. Joseph Clarkson. 
Rev. Robert Ayres, Rector of the Episcopal churches in Redstone, and 

the parts adjacent. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Deacon in Westmoreland county. 
Rev. Joseph H. Turner, Deacon in the churches of Chester, Marcus 

Hook, and Concord. 
Rev. Joseph Doddridge, Deacon in Washington county. 

DELAWARE. 

Rev. Robert Clay, Emanuel church, New Castle county. 
Rev. Sydenham Thorne, Christ church, Kent county. 
Rev. William Skelly, Christ church, Sussex county. 

MARYLAND. 

Rev. Clement Brooke, St. Mary's county. 

Rev. John W. Compton, William and Mary parish. 

Rev. John Weems, Port Tobacco parish. 

Rev. Hatch Dent, Trinity parish, Charles county. 

Rev. Joseph Messenger, St. John's parish. 

Henry Moscrop, St. Anne's parish, Prince George's county. 

Rev. Edward Gault, Christ church parish. 

Rev. Thomas J. Chew, All Saints' parish, Calvert county. 

Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., St. James's parish. 

Rev. Walter M'Pherson, All Hallows parish. 

Rev. Ralph Higinbotham, St. Anne's parish. 

Rev. Mason L. Weems, St. Margaret's, Westmoreland parish, Anne 

Arundel county. 

Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's parish, Montgomery county. 
Rer. George Bower, All Saints parish. 
Rev. Townshend Dade, Frederick county. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, St. Paul's parish. 
Rev. William Duke, Baltimore county. 
Rev. John Coleman, St. John's parish. 
Rev. John Ireland, Harford county. 
Rev. John Bisset, St. Stephen's parish, Cecil county. 
Rev. Archibald Walker, Chester parish. 
Rev. Colin Ferguson, St. Paul's parish, Kent county. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., St. Luke's parish. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, Jun., St. Paul's parish. 

Rev. Owen F. Magrath, Christ Church parish, Queen Anne's county. 
Rev. John Bowie, D.D., St. Michael's parish. 
Rev. James Conner, St. Peter's parish, Talbot county. 
Rev. Thomas Gordon, St. Mary's, White Chapel parish, Carolina county. 
Rev. James Kemp, Great Choptank parish, Dorchester county. 
Rev. George Dasheill, Stepney parish. 
Rev. Hamilton Bell, Somerset parish. 
Rev. Samuel Tingley, Coventry parish, Somerset county. 
Rev. John White, All Hallows parish, Worcester county. 
Rev. Thomas Scott, one of the Tutors of St. John's College. 



178 APPENDIX. J 17'JJ. 

VIRGINIA. 

Rev. Isaac Darneille, rector of Amherst parish. 
Rev. Alexander Hay, rector of Antrim parish. 
Rev. Devereux Jarratt, rector of Bath parish. 
Rev. Hugh Corrans Boggs, rector of Berkeley parish. 
Rev. Price Davies, rector of Brisland parish. 
Rev. John Cameron, rector of Bristol parish. 
Rev. John Iredall, rector of Broomfield parish. 
Rev. Alexander M'Farland, rector of Brunswick parish. 
Rev. John Bracken, rector of Bruton parish. 
Rev. Samuel Shield, rector of Charles parish. 
Rev. Samuel Klug, Christ church parish. 
Rev. David Ball, Christ church parish. 
Rev. James Elliott, rector of Cople parish. 
Rev. James Craig, rector of Cumberland parish. 
Rev. Needier Robinson, rector of Dale parish. 
Rev. Spence Grayson, rector of Dettingen parish. 
Rev. Jesse Carter, rector of Drysdale parish. 
Rev. Henry Skyrin, rector of Elizabeth city parish. 
Rev. James Whitehead, rector of Elizabeth river parish. 
Rev. Brian Fairfax, rector of Fairfax parish. 
Rev. Alexander Balmain, rector of Frederick's parish. 
Rev. Matthew Maury, rector of Fredericksville parish. 
Rev. James Craig, rector of Hamilton's parish. 
Rev. John Buchanan, rector of Henrico parish. 
Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey, rector of Hungars parish. 
Rev. James Thompson, rector of Leeds parish. 
Rev. Charles Crawford, rector of Lexington parish. 
Rev. Elkanah Talley, rector of Littleton parish. 
Rev. Isaac Wm. Gibern, rector of Lunenburg parish. 
Rev. Anthony Walke, rector of Lynhaven parish. 
Rev. Wm. Cameron, rector of Manchester parish. 
Rev. John J. Spooner, rector of Martins Brandon parish. 
Rev. William Hubard, rector of Newport parish. 
Rev. Henry J. Burgess, Nottoway parish. 
Rev. Robert Buchan, rector of Overwharton parish. 
Rev. Arthur Emerson, rector of Portsmouth parish. 
Rev. John Brunskill, rector of Raleigh parish. 
Rev. Alexander Lundie, rector of St. Andrew's parish. 
Rev. John Matthews, St. Anne's parish. 
Rev. James Morris, rector of St. Bride's parish. 
Rev. Reuben Clopton, rector of St. David's parish. 
Rev. William Vere. 

Rev. John Woodville, rector of St. George's parish. 
Rev. Charles Hopkins, rector of St. James, Northam parish. 
Rev. James Price, rector of St. John's parish. 
Rev. Joseph Gurley, rector of St. Luke's parish. 
Rev. Archibald Dick, Rector of St. Margaret's parish. 
Rev. James Stevenson, rector of St. Mark's parish. 
Rev. Peter Nelson, St. Martin's parish. 
Rev. Abner Waugh, rector of St. Mary's parish. 
Rev. William Stewart, rector of St. Paul's parish. 
Rev. Benjamin Blagrove, rector of St. Peter's parish. 



1792.] APPENDIX. 179 

Rev. Thomas Davis, rector of St. Stephen's parish. 
Rev. John Hyde Saunders, rector of Southam parish. 
Rev. Andrew Sim, rector of South Farnham parish. 
Rev. Samuel Butler, rector of Southwark parish. 
Rev. James Taylor, rector of Suffolk parish. 
Rev. Lee Massey, rector of Truro parish. 
Rev. James Henderson, rector of Westover parish. 
Rev. James Maury Fontaine, rector of Ware parish. 
Rev. John Bryan, rector of Wicomico parish. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
Rev. Dr. Smith. 
Rev. Mr. Frost. 
Rev. Dr. Purcell. 
Rev. Dr. Gates. 
Rev. Mr. Jenkins. 

Rev. Mr. Nixon, Master of an Academy. 
Rev. Mr. White, Charleston. 
Rev. Mr. Mills, St. Andrews. 
Rev. Mr. Ellington, St. James's, Goose Creek. 
Rev. Mr. M'Culley, St. Luke's. 
Rev. Mr. Tate, St. Helen's. 
Rev. Mr. Sykes, Prince George's. 
Rev. Mr. Blackwall. 
Rev. Mr. Ireland, St. Bartholomew's. 
Rev. Mr. Graham, Edisto. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OP THR 



BISHOPS CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OF THE 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



THB CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 
STH, TO FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18-ra, 1795. 

(181) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 
Rev. John Bisset. 
Rev. George H. Spierin. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 
Rev. Henry Waddell. 
Rev. John Croes. 
Joshua M. Wallace, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. John Andrews, D.D. 
Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 
Rev. Robert BlackweU, D.D. 
Joseph Swift, Esq. 
Francis Gurney, Esq. 
Mr. J. B. Gilpin. 
Mr. William Stevenson. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson. 
Rev. George Dashiell. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend. 
Rev. John Coleman. 
Rev. James Kemp. 
Rev. Samuel Keene. 
Samuel Johnson, Esq. 
David Kerr, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 
Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey, D.D. 
Robert Andrews, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 
Rev. Henry Purcell, D.D. 

(183) 



JOURNAL 



OP THE 



of fytr'ml anb Hag 



PHILADELPHIA, 
T j |* TUESDAY, September 8th, 1795. 

1 \f\^\ 14-H'f' and Lay Deputies from the Churches in 
several of the States assembled in Christ Church, 
at 10 o'clock A.M. ; and not being a sufficient num 
ber to enter upon business, 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning* 



WEDNESDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The members met, and a quorum being formed, 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset read prayers. 

Resolved, That this house appoint a Secretary, who is not 
a member. Whereupon, 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, second assistant minister of 
Christ Church and St. Peter's, was unanimously chosen. 

The deputies then proceeded to the election of a President, 
when the Rev. Dr. William Smith was unanimously chosen. 

Ordered, that Mr. Andrews inform the House of Bishops 
that this house is now formed, and ready to proceed to 
business. 

Resolved, That the Rules of Order, adopted by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the last General Con 
vention, be the rules for the government of this house. 

(185) 



186 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

Resolved, with the concurrence of the House of Bishops, 
that Mr. Swift be appointed to request of the Mayor the use 
of two apartments in the City Hall, for the accommodation 
of the Convention during their present session. 

The House of Bishops having transmitted to this house a 
message, informing that Bishop Provost is ready to preach 
before the Convention, agreeably to the appointment of the 
last General Convention, and proposing that the delivery of 
the Sermon be postponed to Friday next, in order that suffi 
cient notice may be given. 

Resolved, That this house agree to the said proposal, and 
that the Rev. Mr. Bisset inform the House of Bishops 
thereof. 

Resolved, That Mr. Wallace, the Rev. Mr. Bisset, the 
Rev. Mr. Clarkson, Mr. Andrews, and the Rev. Dr. Purcell, 
be a Committee to examine the credentials of the members. 

Mr. Swift informed the house, that the use of two apart 
ments in the City Hall was granted, agreeably to applica 
tion. 

Resolved, with the concurrence of the House of Bishops, 
that the hours of sitting be from 10 to 3 o'clock. 

Adjourned, to meet in the City Hall to-morow, at 10 
o'clock, A.M. 



CITY HALL, THURSDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Bend read prayers. 

The Committee appointed to examine the credentials of 
the members, reported, that the Deputies from the States of 
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, 
Virginia and South Carolina, had produced satisfactory tes 
timonials of their appointment. 

Resolved, That this house will to-morrow go into a Com 
mittee of the whole on the State of the Church. 

Mr. Andrews presented a proposed Canon, to alter Canon 
6 of the year 1789, and Canon 4 of the year 1792, respect 
ing the testimonials necessary to be produced by candidates 
for Holy Orders. 

Resolved, That the same be referred to the Committee of 
the whole on the State of the Church. 

A letter was received from the Right Rev. Dr. White, of 
the House of Bishops, enclosing sundry testimonials, re- 



,1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 187 

specting the Rev. Dr. Samuel Peters, as Bishop elect of the 
Church in the State of Vermont, which were read, and or- 
,dered to lie on the table. 

Mr. Andrews presented a proposed Canon to alter Canon 
6 of the year 1792, respecting the officiating of ministers in 
the parish, or within the parochial cure of another clergy 
man, which was read and referred to the Committee of the 
whole on the State of the Church. 

The House of Bishops transmitted to this house, by their 
Secretary, a letter addressed " to the Bishops, Clergy, and 
Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United 
States of America, in Convention, Philadelphia," accompa 
nied with the following message : 

" The House of Bishops have read the letter from Person 
Parish, in North Carolina, directed to the General Conven 
tion, but not finding it of such a nature as they can act upon 
it, they propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
that such answer be returned, signed by the Presidents of 
both houses, as to the Presidents may appear most proper.'' 

The letter was read, and it was 

Resolved, That this house agree to the proposal contained 
in the above message. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and adjourned to attend divine service in 
Christ Church, which was performed by the Rev. Mr. Wad- 
dell, who read prayers, and the Right Rev. Dr. Provoost, 
who preached the occasional Sermon. Immediately after 
which the House returned to the City Hall. 

A proposed Canon to prevent a congregation in any dio 
cese or State, from uniting with a Church in any other dio 
cese or State, was received from the House of Bishops, and 
after being read, was referred to the Committee of the whole 
on the State of the Church. 

Dr. Andrews presented a proposed Canon to alter the 7th 
Canon of the year 1789, and the 7th Canon of the year 
1792, concerning the learning of those who are to be or 
dained, which was referred to the same Committee. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this house 
be given to the Right Rev Dr. Provoost, for his Sermon, de- 



188 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

livered before the Convention this morning in Christ Church, 
and that the Rev. Dr. Blackwell and Joshua M. Wallace, 
Esq., be appointed to present the thanks of this house, and 
to request a copy of the Sermon for publication. 

The Rev. Dr. Purcell presented testimonials from the Con 
vention of the State of South Carolina, relative to the 
election of the Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., to the office of 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in that State; 
which were read, and ordered to lie upon the table. 

Resolved, That the order of the day be postponed till to 
morrow. 

The attention of the house was called by the Rev. Dr. 
Andrews to the consideration of a pamphlet lately published, 
entitled, " Strictures on the Love of Power in the Prelacy, 
by a Member of the Protestant Episcopal Association in the 
State of South Carolina," which he declared to be a virulent 
attack upon the doctrines and discipline of our Church, and 
a libel against the House of Bishops, and which was alleged 
to be written by a member of this house. 

Resolved, That it be the order of the day for Monday 
next, that the house, in Committee of the whole, enter upon 
the investigation of this charge. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Abercrombie read 
prayers. 

The members present signed the testimonial, in such cases 
prescribed by the Canon, in favour of the Rev. Robert Smith, 
D.D., who had been elected to the office of Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of South Carolina, 
and transmitted it by the Rev. Dr. Purcell to the House of 
Bishops. 

The house resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, 
to take into consideration the general state of the Church; 
and the Rev. Dr. Blackwell was appointed chairman. 

After some time the Committee rose, and the chairman re 
ported that they had, according to order, taken under con 
sideration the proposed Canon to them referred, entitled a 
Canon concerning the testimonials of those who are to be 
ordained, to which they have made several amendments ; also 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 189 

a Canon, to regulate the officiating of ministers in the pa 
rishes or parochial cures of other clergymen, to which an 
amendment had been made. 

Resolved, That the repprt be taken up on Monday next. 

The chairman further reported, that the Committee not 
having had time to go through the whole business referred to 
them, had directed him to ask for leave to sit again; which 
was granted. 

The House of Bishops presented, by their Secretary, the 
two following messages, which were read, and ordered to lie 
on the table. 

"Whereas the present Convention, from particular unavoid 
able circumstances, (1) is deprived of many of its members 
who were anxious to be present, 

"Resolved, That this house propose to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies to defer the discussion of Arti 
cles until the meeting of the next General Convention, when 
a more full representation of this Church may be expected. 

" The House of Bishops took into consideration a resolu 
tion of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, as in pre 
ceding Convention, which resolution was in these words: 
' Resolved, that it be made known to the several State Con 
ventions that it is proposed to consider and determine, in 
the next General Convention, on the propriety of investing 
the House of Bishops, with a full negative upon the proceed 
ings of the other house ; ' 

" Whereupon, resolved, that the following message be sent 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz., 

" The House of Bishops have not, in any former Conven 
tion, expressed their sense upon the aforesaid subject; but 
they now propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, that the legislative power of the House of Bishops shall 
remain as fixed by the third article of the Constitution of 
this Church." 

The House of Bishops also informed this house, that they 
had examined and approved the testimonials in favour of the 
Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, Bishop elect of the Church in South 
Carolina, and that they had appointed to-morrow morning 
as the time for his consecration at Christ Church. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock on Monday morning. 

(1) The intercourse between New York and Philadelphia had been sus 
pended by public authority some time before the meeting of the Con 
vention. 



190 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

MONDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Clarkson read prayers. 

Dr. Andrews presented a proposed Canon to alter Canon 
3d of the year 1789, respecting Episcopal visitation, which 
was read, and ordered to be referred to the Committee of 
the whole on the State of the Church. 

Mr. Bisset presented a proposed Canon to alter the 4th 
Canon of the year 1789 ; which was read, and ordered to be 
referred to the same Committee. 

The house took up the proposed Canon concerning the tes 
timonials of those who are to be ordained; which was read 
and passed. 

The proposed Canon, to regulate the officiating of minis 
ters in the parish or parochial cure of another clergyman, 
was taken up, and the question on the proposed amendment 
was taken by States, and lost ; whereupon an addition to the 
Canon was moved by Mr. Bisset, read, and ordered to be 
postponed. 

A proposed Canon, for the better accomplishing of the 
objects of the 6th Canon of the year 1792, respecting the 
preaching of Clergymen in different parishes, was received 
from the House of Bishops, read, and ordered to lie on the 
table. 

The house then resolved itself into a Committee of the 
whole, on the order of the day, the Rev. Dr. Blackwell in 
the chair; and after some time the Committee rose, and the 
chairman reported the following resolution. 

Resolved, That the pamphlet entitled " Strictures on the 
Love of Power in the Prelacy, by a Member of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Association in the State of South Carolina," 
contains very offensive and censurable matter. 

This resolution was adopted by the house. 

The Committee then asked leave to sit again, which was 
granted. 

The Rev. Mr. Spierin obtained leave of absence. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, 10 o'clock A.M. 

The house met, and the Right Rev. Dr. Madison read 
prayers. 

The proposed Canon respecting the testimonials to be 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 191 

produced on the part of those who are to be ordained, was 
sent to the House of Bishops by the Rev. Mr. Bisset. 

Dr. Magaw presented a proposed Canon on the prepara 
tory exercises of a candidate for the ministry; which was 
read, amended, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

The House of Bishops returned the Canons on the testi 
monials to be produced on the part of those who are to be 
ordained, with an amendment ; which was agreed to, and re 
turned by Mr. Wallace, with an additional amendment, which 
was concurred in by the House of Bishops. 

The proposed Canon respecting the officiating of Clergy 
men within the parish or parochial cure of another Clergy 
man, was passed, and transmitted by the Rev. Mr. Bisset to 
the House of Bishops. 

The Rev. Mr. Croes presented a proposed Canon, empow 
ering the Bishop in each diocese, to compose a form of 
prayer or thanksgiving for extraordinary occasions, which 
was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Canon, proposed by the House of Bishops, for the 
better accomplishing of the objects of the 6th Canon of the 
year 1792, was returned to the House of Bishops, with an 
amendment, which was agreed to. 

The proposed Canon respecting the preparatory exercises 
of candidates for Holy Orders, was agreed to, and sent to 
the House of- Bishops by the Rev. Mr. Bisset. 

The house resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, 
on the State of the Church, the Rev. Dr. Blackwell in the 
chair. 

The Committee rose, and the chairman reported 

A Canon of Episcopal visitation, a Canon of the learning 
of candidates for Holy Orders, and a Canon of the age of 
those who are to be ordained or consecrated. 

The Rev. Mr. Keene, the Rev. Mr. Kemp, and Mr. Kerr, 
obtained leave of absence. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Waddell read prayers. 

The proposed Canon respecting Episcopal visitation was 
read, passed, and sent by the Rev. Mr. Clarkson to the 
House of Bishops. 



192 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

The proposed Canon, respecting the learning of candidates 
for Holy Orders, was read, passed, and sent by the Rev. Mr. 
Bisset to the House of Bishops ; also the proposed Canon re 
specting the age of those who are to be ordained. 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset presented additional documents re 
specting the formation of a congregation in Person parish, 
in the State of North Carolina ; which, after being read, were 
referred to the Presidents of both houses: 

The house then resolved itself into a Committee of the 
whole, with a view to determine who was the author of the 
pamphlet entitled " Strictures on the Love of Power in the 
Prelacy, by a member of the Protestant Episcopal Associa 
tion in the State of South Carolina." 

While they were engaged in this business, a message came 
from the House of Bishops, which the Committee rose to re 
ceive, and which is in the following words: 

" The House of Bishops propose a conference with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, upon a matter which 
they are anxious to lay before the house." 

The house agreed to the conference, which was immedi 
ately gone into, the President of the House of Bishops in 
the chair. 

After some time the conference ended, and the President 
took the chair. 

A paper was laid before the house, concerning the pamph 
let entitled " Strictures on the Love of Power in the Pre 
lacy," which it was resolved should be referred to a Commit 
tee of the whole to-morrow. 

The House of Bishops returned the Canon respecting the 
learning of those who are to be ordained, with an amend 
ment, which being read, was negatived. 

An amendment was also proposed by the House of Bishops 
to the Canon respecting Episcopal visitation, which was read 
and concurred in. 

The Bishops returned the Canon respecting the age of 
those who are to be ordained or consecrated, with their con 
currence. 

The House of Bishops requested a conference on the Ca 
non, Of the learning of those who are to be ordained. 

Ordered, that the Rev. Mr. Bend inform the House of 
Bishops, that this house agrees to the conference on the pro 
posed Canon respecting the learning of those who are to be or 
dained. 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 193 

The conference accordingly took place; 

The proposed Canon, respecting the empowering of the 
Bishop of each State, to compose a form of prayer or thanks 
giving for extraordinary occasions, was read, agreed to, and 
sent to the House of Bishops by the Secretary. 

The House of Bishops returned the said Canon, with their 
concurrence. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this House 
be presented to the Rev. Dr. Smith, for his Sermon delivered 
at the consecration of the Right Reverend Dr. Robert Smith, 
and that he be desired to furnish a copy of the same to be 
printed. 

The Canon respecting the preparatory exercises of a can 
didate for the ministry, was returned by the House of Bish 
ops, with amendments, which were adopted. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Croes read prayers. 

Dr. Andrews proposed an amendment of an amendment 
proposed by the House of Bishops, on the proposed Canon 
respecting the learning of those who are to be ordained ; and 
the question being taken by States, was agreed to, and sent 
to the House of Bishops. 

The House of Bishops returned the said Canon with their 
concurrence. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Magaw, 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed, consisting of 
four members, who (in concurrence with a Committee of the 
House of Bishops, if they shall appoint such Committee, and 
independently of what relates to the printing of the Mi 
nutes) shall arrange the Canons and principal papers belong 
ing to the Convention, causing them to be fairly transcribed 
in a proper bound book, in order that they may be faithfully 
preserved for the perpetual use of the Houses of the Gene 
ral Convention of this Church, to recur to, as occasion may 
require; and the said Committee may, if they think proper, 
employ a clerk, or transcriber, to be paid out of such monies 
as may be provided for defraying the necessary incidental 
expenses of Convention. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the President of this house, the Rev. Dr. 
VOL. I. 13 



194 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

Andrews, the Rev. Dr. Magaw, and the Rev. Dr. Blackwell, 
be the members of the above Committee, and that the Rev. 
Mr. Bisset, the Secretary of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies in the last General Convention, be requested to 
collect and deliver to the said Committee, all the documents 
belonging to the Convention which may be in his hands, and 
to assist the Committee in the execution of their duties as far 
as may be in his power. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they had concurred in the above re 
solve, aad appointed Bishop White on their part. 

The house resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, 
on the paper referred to them yesterday, and on other busi 
ness referred to them. 

The Committee rose, and their chairman reported that they 
tad considered the paper referred to them yesterday, which 
>?as from the author of the pamphlet entitled " Strictures on 
the Love of Power in the Prelacy," in which he professes his 
sorrow for the publication, and that they were of opinion the 
house should accept it as a satisfactory concession. 

Resolved, Thai the house adopt the above report. 

The Committee also reported certain Canons and resolu 
tions, without amendment. 

Ordered, that the paper referred to in this report be carried 
by the Rev. Mr. Bisset to the House of Bishops. 

The following message was received from the House of 
Bishops : 

" The Bishops request the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties to appoint a Committee, to confer with a Committee 
of their house on a subject which has been already before 
them." 

A Committee of five was accordingly appointed, viz., the 
Rev. Dr. Andrews, the Rev. Mr. Bend, the Rev. Mr. Wad- 
dell, Colonel Gurney, and Mr. Johnson; who, at the request 
of the House of Bishops, repaired to their chamber, and on 
their return made a report, referring to some alterations which 
may be proper in the Minutes, in consequence of the conces 
sion made by the author of the pamphlet entitled " Stric 
tures on the Love of Power in the Prelacy," which was 
agreed to. 

Adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



1795.] JOURNAL Of THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 195 

FRIDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Rev. Dr. Purcell read prayers. 

The Canon, entitled " a Canon to prevent a congregation 
in any diocese or State to unite with the Church in any other 
diocese or State," which was proposed by the House of Bish 
ops, was read, amended, and being sent to the House of 
Bishops, was returned with their concurrence. 

Resolved, That the testimonials from the State of Ver 
mont, respecting the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Peters, sent by the House of Bishops, be returned to them, 
with a request, that they will answer it in whatever manner 
they shall think best. 

The message from the House of Bishops, respecting the 
Articles of Religion, was read and concurred in. 

The following resolve was sent by the Rev. Dr. Andrews to 
the House of Bishops, and returned with their concurrence : 

Resolved, That it be earnestly recommended to the 
Churches in the several States, not to fail to send deputies to 
the next General Convention, as it appears inexpedient that 
the consideration of the Articles of Religion should be post 
poned beyond the period of that meeting. 

The Secretary of the Committee for carrying into effect 
the act for supporting Missionaries to preach the Gospel on 
the frontiers of the United States, reported to this house the 
progress made by said Committee in the execution of the bu 
siness entrusted to them. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the different State 
Conventions, to continue, either by an annual Sermon, or by 
soliciting private contributions, to provide for the establish 
ment of Missionaries to preach the Gospel on the frontiers 
of the United States ; and that, instead of committing the 
general management of the fund, as by the act of the last 
General Convention, to a Standing Committee of any State, 
the Convention of each State shall appoint such Committee 
to have the management of the money contributed in that 
State, and the application of the same to the support of a 
Missionary or Missionaries in such part of the United States 
as they may think proper; and the money heretofore col 
lected in any State, and remitted to the treasurer of the for 
mer Standing Committee, shall be returned to such State 
Committees when they are appointed, and shall call for the 
same. 



196 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

The act passed on this subject in the year 1792 is hereby 
rescinded. 

Resolved, That a Committee of both houses be appointed 
to digest and report to the next General Convention a Course 
of Study for Candidates for Holy Orders, and that the fol 
lowing gentlemen be appointed by this house: the Rev. Dr. 
Moore, the Rev. Dr. Andrews, the Rev. Dr. Magaw, the Rev. 
Dr. Smith, and the Rev. Mr. Bend. 

Resolved, with the concurrence of the House of Bishops, 
that it be made known to the several State Conventions, that 
it is proposed to consider and determine in the next General 
Convention, on the following addition to the second article 
of the Constitution, in the 9th line, after the word " Con 
vention," viz.: 

" But if the Church shall not be represented in both Or 
ders in a majority of the States, then the vote shall be given 
by States without regard to Orders." 

Resolved unanimously, with the concurrence of the House 
of Bishops, that the thanks of this Convention be given to 
Matthew Clarkson, Esq., Mayor of the city, for the use of 
the City Hall, and that Colonel Gurney and Joseph Swift, 
Esq., be a Committee to communicate the same. 

Resolved, with the concurrence of the House of Bishops, 
that eight hundred copies of the Journals be printed. 

The house proceeded to appoint a Standing Committee^ 1 ) 
and the following gentlemen were chosen : 

For New Hampshire, the Hon. Mr. Livermore. 

For Massachusetts, the Rev. Dr. Parker. 

For Rhode Island, the Rev. William Smith. 

For Connecticut, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin. 

For New York, the Rev. Dr. Moore, the Rev. Dr. Beach, 
Robert Watts, Esq. 

For New Jersey, the Rev. Mr. Waddell, the Rev. Mr. 
Croes, Joshua M. Wallace, Esq. 

For Pennsylvania, the Rev. Dr. Magaw, the Rev. Dr. 
Blackwell, the Rev. Dr. Andrews, Colonel Gurney, Joseph 
Swift, Esq., Mr. J. B. Gilpin. 

For Delaware, the Rev. Mr. Clarkson, the Rev. Mn. 
Clay, Nicholas Ridgley, Esq. 

(1) For the powers and duties of the Standing Committee, see page 19 
of the Journal of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in Convention, 
Sept. 1789. [Vide P. 113 of this Eeprint.] 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1.97 

For Maryland, the Rev. Mr. Bend, Samuel Johnson, Esq., 
General Lloyd. 

For Virginia, the Rev. Dr. M'Croskey, Robert Andrews, 
Esq. 

For South Carolina, the Rev. Mr. Frost, Rev. Dr. Pur- 
cell, the Hon. William Smith. 

Ordered, that the President of this house is chairman of 
the above Committee, and is empowered to call together the 
members. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to the 
President for his able and impartial management in his place, 
and to the Secretary for his correct attention and services. 

Resolved, That the next meeting of the General Con 
vention be held in the city of Philadelphia. 

The house rose. 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 

JAMES ABBRCROMBIE, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



of 



PHILADELPHIA, 
f SEPTEMBER 8th, 1795. 

1 11 1 ^ being the day of the meeting of the General 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
the Right Rev. Bishop White attended in Christ 
Church. 



.IN THE VESTRY ROOM OF CHRIST CHURCH, 
WEDNESDAY, September 9, 

The house met. Present : 

The Right Rev. Bishop White of the State of Pennsylva 
nia, who, by the rules of the house made at the last meeting, 
presided ; the Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, of the State of 
New York ; the Right Rev. Bishop Madison, of the State of 
Virginia. 

The Rev. Joseph Turner was chosen Secretary. 

The house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, informing them that their house was 
formed and ready to proceed to business, 

The house received another message, informing them that 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies propose to this 
house the adjourning to the City Hall. 

(199) 



200 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION.* [1795. 

The proposal for removing is agreed to. 

This house sent a message to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing them that Bishop Provoost is ready 
to preach before the Convention, agreeably to the appoint 
ment of the last Convention, and proposing Friday next as 
the time for the delivery of the Sermon. 

Information was received that the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies concurred. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing that the hours of sitting of the 
Convention, shall be from 10 in the morning to 3 in the af 
ternoon, with which this house concurred. 

Resolved, That during the session of the Convention, the 
house will attend divine service in the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned to meet to-morrow morning in the City Hall. 



CITY HALL, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10. 

The house met. Present: 

The Right Rev. Bishop White, President; Right Rev. 
Bishop Provoost; Right Rev. Bishop Madison; Right Rev. 
Bishop Claggett. 

The Rev. Mr. Bisset presented to this house, from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, an application from the 
Vestry of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Person county, 
North Carolina. 

This house resolved, that it be proposed to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, that as the said letter cannot be 
acted on by the Convention, the Presidents of the two 
houses be desired to send such an answer to the same, as in 
their judgments shall be proper. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY MORNING, 10 o'clock. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

This house proceeded with the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies to Christ Church, where the Rev. Mr. Waddell 
read prayers ; after which the Right Rev. Bishop Provoost 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 201 

delivered a Sermon, suited to the occasion of the present 
meeting, as appointed at the last Convention. 

After divine service, this house returned to the City Hall, 
and entered upon business. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to the 
Right Rev. Bishop Provoost for his Sermon delivered this 
morning, and that he be desired to furnish a copy of it for 
the press. 

This house originated a Canon, and sent it to the house of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, restricting any individual congre 
gation from associating with the Church of any other dio 
cese or State, than that in which they are situated. 

The house then adjourned. 



SATURDAY MORNING, 10 o'clock. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, the testimonials of the Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., 
Bishop elect of this Church in the State of South Carolina. 

A message was sent from this house to the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, informing them that they had ex 
amined and approved the testimonials of the Rev. Dr. Smith, 
of South Carolina, and that the consecration will take place 
to-morrow morning, in Christ Church. 

The following message was sent from this house to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

Whereas the present Convention, from particular unavoid 
able circumstances is deprived of many of its members, 

Resolved, That this house propose to the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, to defer the discussion of the Arti 
cles until the meeting of the next General Convention, when 
a more full representation of this Church may be expected. 

The following message was also sent to the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, viz. : 

This house took into consideration a resolution of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in a preceding Con 
vention, which resolution is in these words 

" Resolved, That it be made known to the several State 
Conventions, that it is proposed to consider and determine, in 
the next General Convention, on the propriety of investing 
the House of Bishops with a full negative upon the proceed 
ings of the other house." 



202 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

Thereupon resolved, That the following message be sent 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz., The House 
of Bishops have not expressed their sense in any former 
Convention upon the subject aforesaid; but they now propose 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that the legisla 
tive power of the House of Bishops shall remain as fixed by 
the third article of the Constitution of this Church. 

The house then adiourned to Monday, 10 o'clock. 



MONDAY MORNING, Sept. 14. 

The house met. Present as on Saturday. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Smith, who had been yesterday con 
secrated Bishop of this Church in South Carolina, took his 
seat in this house. 

A proposed Canon was sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, intended to accomplish more fully the object 
of the Sixth Canon, passed in Convention in 1792. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Claggett obtained leave of absence. 

The house then adjourned. 



TUESDAY MORNING. 

The house met. Present as yesterday, except Bishop 
Claggett. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a proposed Canon respecting the testimonials of 
those who are to be ordained. 

This house returned the above proposed Canon to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, with an amendment. 

The same Canon was again presented to this house with an 
amendment from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
with which this house concurred. 

This house received a proposed Canon from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, on the preparatory exercises of 
the candidates for the ministry. 

This house returned the same with amendments. 

The proposed Canon, that originated in this house, for the 
more full accomplishing of the object of the sixth Canon of 
1792, which had been sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies was returned to this house with an amendment. 

The proposed Canon respecting preparatory exercises of 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 203 

candidates for the ministry, was returned to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies with an amendment. 
The house then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY MORNING, 9 o'clock. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

A message was sent from this house to the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, desiring a conference with their 
house upon a matter which they are desirous to lay before them. 

The conference was agreed to, and the House of Bishops 
met the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies in the chamber 
of the latter; when the President, by desire, took the chair. 

The conference being ended, this house returned to their 
chamber. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies their concurrence with the amendment to the pro 
posed Canon, respecting exercises to be required of persons 
who are to be ordained. 

Resolved, That the said Canon now pass, and be return 
ed to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a proposed Canon concerning the learning of those 
who are to be ordained. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a proposed Canon to alter the third Canon of 
1789, on Episcopal visitation. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a proposed Canon to alter the Canon concerning 
the age of persons to be ordained. 

This house returned to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties their proposed Canon concerning the learning of per 
sons to be ordained, with an amendment, and also the pro 
posed Canon to alter the third Canon of 1789, with an 
amendment. 

This house passed the proposed Canon to alter the Canon 
respecting the age of persons to be ordained. 

The house passed the Canon to alter the 6th Canon of 
1792, Of officiating in the parishes or parochial cures of 
other ministers. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies signified their 
non-concurrence with the amendment of the proposed Canon 
concerning the learning of persons to be ordained. 



204 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

Resolved, That a conference be requested on the said 
proposed Canon, at such hour as the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies may appoint. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, informing that they agreed to the con 
ference. 

The two houses then went into conference, and after some 
time spent therein, this house returned to their chamber. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed Canon, authorising the Bishop of any 
diocese to appoint forms of prayer or thanksgiving for ex 
traordinary occasions ; which was passed and returned. 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the Rev. Dr. William Smith, for his Sermon, 
delivered in Christ Church at the consecration of the Right 
Rev. Dr. Robert Smith, and that he be requested to furnish 
a copy of the same, to be printed. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Madison obtained leave of absence. 

The house then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY MORNING, 9 o'clock. 

This house met. Present as yesterday, except the Right 
Rev. Bishop Madison. 

This house returned to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, the proposed Canon of the learning of persons to be 
ordained, with an amendment. 

The above proposed Canon was returned to the house with 
an amendment, with which this house concurred. 

This house received a resolution from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, for the appointment of a Committee 
for the arrangement of the Canons and other papers belong 
ing to this Convention, desiring the concurrence of this 
house. 

This house concurred in the same. 

This house requested the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties to appoint a Committee of their house to meet a Com 
mittee of the House of Bishops. 

The Committee of this house is Bishop White and Bishop 
Provoost. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies agreed to the re 
quest of this house, and the joint Committee met in the 
Bishops' chamber. 



1795.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 205 

This being done, this house returned to their chamber. 

A message came to this house from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, that they had agreed to the report of the 
joint Committee with a small amendment, which was agreed 
to. 

Bishop Provoost obtained leave of absence. 

The house then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY MORNING, 9 o'clock. 

The house met. Present, the Right Rev. Bishop White 
and the Right Rev. Bishop Smith. 

There was returned to this house the proposed Canon from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to prevent any 
Church from uniting themselves to any other diocese than to 
that in the State in which they belong, with an amendment 
to the said Canon ; which amendment was agreed to, and the 
Canon passed. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, papers respecting the election of Dr. Peters to be 
Bishop in the State of Vermont. 

The President of this house is desired to give such an an 
swer as the nature of the case requires, and particularly to 
mention, in the said answer, that the Bishops cannot with 
propriety consecrate a Bishop for the Church in any State, 
until such Church shall have acceded to the general Ecclesi 
astical Constitution of the Church in the United States. 

This house received a resolution from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, proposing that the monies collected 
for the purpose of sending Missionaries to the frontiers, be 
returned to the churches in the States in which they were re 
spectively collected; and proposing that the object of the 
institution be pursued by the churches in the individual 
States ; with which this house agreed. 

This house received a proposed constitutional alteration of 
the manner of voting in the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties ; in which this house concurred. 

This house received a resolution from the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, to appoyit a Committee that may 
digest and report to the next Convention, a course of studies 
for candidates for Holy Orders, in which this house concur 
red, and the Right Rev. Bishop White, Bishop Provoost and 



206 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1795. 

Bishop Madison are the Committee from this house for the 
above purpose. 

The House of Bishops concurred with the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies in thanks to the Mayor of the city for 
the use of the Hall. 

The house of Clerical and Lay Deputies inform this house, 
that 800 copies of the Journals of this Convention are pro 
posed to be printed; which was agreed to. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies sent a message to 
this house, expressing their intention of rising; and that 
they had appointed Philadelphia for the place of meeting of 
the next General Convention. 

The thanks of the House of Bishops were given to the 
Rev. Joseph Turner, for his services as Secretary. 

Signed by order of the house, 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 
ATTEST: JOSEPH TURNER, Secretary. 



THE CERTIFICATE OF THE CONSECRATION OF 
THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP SMITH IS AS FOL 
LOWS. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William White, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsyl 
vania, Presiding Bishop ; Samuel Provoost, D.D., Bishop of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the State of New York; James Madison, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Virginia ; and 
Thomas John Claggett, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the State of Maryland, under the protection of Almighty God, in 
Christ Church, in the city of Philadelphia, on Sunday, the thirteenth day 
of September, in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and 
ninety-five, did then and there rightly and canonically consecrate our be 
loved in Christ, Robert Smith, D.D., Provost of Charleston College, and 
Rector of St. Philip's Church, Charleston, in the State of South Carolina, 
of whose sufficiency in good learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of 
manners, we were fully ascertained, into the office of Bishop of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the said State, to which the said Robert Smith 
hath been elected by the Convention of the said State. 

In testimony whereof we have signed our names and caused our seals 
to be affixed. 

Given in the city of Philadelphia this fourteenth day of September, in 
the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and ninety-five. 



WILLIAM WHITE. 
SAMUEL PROVOOST. 
JAMES MADISON. 
THOMAS JOHN CLAGGETT. 



L. S. 
L. S. 
L. 8. 
L. S. 



APPENDIX. 



(Janons. 

CANON I. Of Episcopal Visitation. 

Every bishop in this Church shall visit the churches within his diocese 
or district, for the purposes of examining the state of his Church, inspect 
ing the behaviour of the Clergy, and administering the apostolic rite of 
Confirmation. And it is deemed proper that such visitations be made 
once in three years at least, by every bishop to every church within his 
diocese or district, which shall make provision for defraying the necessary 
expenses of the bishop at such visitation. And it is hereby declared to 
be the duty of the minister and vestry of every church or congregation, 
to make such provision accordingly. 

The bishop of any diocese or State district may, on the invitation of 
4he Convention or Standing Committee of the church in any State where 
there is not a bishop, visit and perform the episcopal offices in that State, 
or part of the State, as the case may be, provision being made for defraying 
his expenses as aforesaid : and such State, or part of a State, shall be 
considered as annexed to the district or diocese of such bishop, until a 
bishop is duly elected and consecrated for such State, or until the invita 
tion given by the Convention or Standing Committee be revoked. But it 
is to be understood, that to enable the Bishop to make the aforesaid visi 
tations, it shall be the duty of the clergy, in such reasonable rotation as 
may be devised, to officiate for him in any parochial duties which belong 
to him. And no State shall proceed to the election or appointment of a 
bishop, unless there be at least six presbyters residing and officiating 
therein, a majority of whom, at least, shall concur in such election. But 
the Conventions of two or more States, having together nine or more set 
tled and officiating presbyters, may associate, and join in the election of a 
bishop. 

The Third Canon of the year 1Y89 is hereby rescinded. 

CANON II. Of the Testimonials to be produced on the part 
of those who are to be Ordained. 

Every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended to the Bishop 
by a Standing Committee appointed by the Convention of the church in 

(20T) 



208 APPENDIX. [1795. 

that State wherein he resides, which recommendation shall be signed by 
the names of a majority of the Committee, and shall be in the following 
words : 

We, whose names are hereunder written, testify that A. B. hath laid 
before us satisfactory testimonials, that for the space of three years last 
past, he hath lived piously, soberly, and honestly : and hath not written, 
taught, or held, any thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. And, moreover, we think him a person worthy 
to be admitted to the sacred order of . . . In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands, this . . . day of ... in the year of 
our Lord 

But before a Standing Committee in any State shall proceed to recom 
mend any candidate, as aforesaid, to the Bishop, such candidate shall 
produce from the minister and vestry of the parish where he resides, or 
from the vestry alone if the parish be vacant, or if there be no vestry, 
from at least twelve respectable persons of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the neighbourhood in which he resides, testimonials of his 
good morals and orderly conduct for three years last past, and that he 
has not, so far as they know and believe, written, taught, or held any 
thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church ; a publication of his intention to apply for Holy Orders having 
been previously made by such minister or vestry. He shall also lay before 
the Standing Committee, testimonials to the same effect, signed by at least 
one respectable clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, from his personal knowledge of the candidate for at least 
one year. 

In every State in which there is no Standing Committee, such Com 
mittee shall be appointed at its next ensuing Convention; and in the 
mean time, every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended ac 
cording to the regulations or usage of the Church in each State, and* 
the requisitions of the bishop to whom he applies. 

The 6th Canon, passed in October, 1789, concerning the testimonials 
to be produced on the part of those who are to be ordained, and so much 
of the 4th Canon passed in 1792, as relates to the subject of this Canon, 
are hereby rescinded 

CANON III. Of the Age of those who are to be Ordained 
or Consecrated. 

Deacon's Orders shall not be conferred on any person until he shall be 
twenty-one years old, nor Priest's Orders on any one until he shall be 
twenty-four years old; and unless he shall have been a Deacon one 
year. No man shall be consecrated a bishop of this Church until he 
shall be thirty years old. 

The 4th Canon of the year 1789 is hereby rescinded. 

CANON IV. Of the Learning of those who are to be 
Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained in this Church until he shall have satisfied 
the Bishop and the two Presbyters by whom he shall be examined, that 



1795.] APPENDIX. 209 

he is well acquainted with the Holy Scriptures, can read the New Testa 
ment in the original Greek, and give an account of his faith in the Latin 
tongue; and that he hath a competent knowledge of natural and moral 
philosophy and church history, and hath paid attention to composition 
and pulpit eloquence as means of giving additional efficacy to his la 
bours; unless the bishop shall judge it proper to dispense with the above 
requisites in part, in consideration of certain other qualifications in the 
candidate, peculiarly fitting him for the Gospel ministry. 
The 7th Canon of the year 1789 is hereby rescinded. 

CANON V. Of the Officiating of Ministers of this Church in 
the Churches or within the Parochial Cures of other Cler 
gymen. 

No clergyman belonging to this Church shall officiate, either by preach 
ing or reading prayers, in the parish, or within the parochial cure of an 
other clergyman, unless he have received express permission for that pur 
pose, from the minister of the parish or cure, or in his absence, from the 
church wardens and vestrymen, or trustees of the congregation. But if 
any minister of a church shall, from inability or any other cause, neglect 
to perform the regular services to his congregation, and shall refuse his 
consent to any other minister of this Church to officiate within his cure, 
the church wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of such congregation shall, on 
proof of such neglect and refusal before the bishop of the diocese, or, if 
there be no bishop, before the Standing Committee, or before such persons 
as may be deputed by him or them, or before such persons as may be, by 
the regulations of this Church in any State, vested with the power of 
hearing and deciding on complaints against clergymen, have power to 
open the doors of their churches to any regular minister of the Protes 
tant Episcopal Church. 

The 6th Canon of 1792 is. hereby rescinded. 

CANON VI. Of the Preparatory Exercises of a Candidate 
for the Ministry. 

Every candidate for the ministry shall give notice of his intention to 
the bishop, or to such body as the Church in the State in which the candi 
date resides, may have appointed to superintend the instruction of candi 
dates for Holy Orders, at least one year before his ordination. And if 
there be a bishop within the State or district where the candidate resides, 
he shall apply to no other bishop for ordination, without the permission 
of the former. And the said candidate shall pass through the preparatory 
exercises which the bishop, or such body aforesaid, may appoint : such as 
composing of theses, homilies or sermons, one or more, to be delivered 
either publicly or privately, in his or their presence, at such time or times 
as may be appointed by the authority aforesaid. And this Canon shall be 
in force from and after the first day of January next. 

CANON VII. For the better accomplishing of the Objects 
of the Sixth Canon of 1792. 

Whereas there is no provision made in the 6th Canon of 1792, for the 
case of such a vicinity of two or more churches, as that there can be no 

VOL. I. 14 



210 APPENDIX. [1795. 

local boundaries drawn between their respective cures, it is hereby ordained 
that, in every such case, no minister of this Church, other than the pa 
rochial clergy of the said cures, shall preach within the common limits of 
the same, in any .other place than in one of the churches thereof, without 
the consent of the major number of the parochial clergy of the said 
churches. 

CANON VIII. To prevent a Congregation in any Diocese or 
State to unite with a Church in any other Diocese or 
State. 

Whereas a question may arise, whether a congregation within the di 
ocese of any bishop, or within any State in which there is not yet any 
bishop settled, may unite themselves with the Church in any other dio 
cese or State, it is hereby determined and declared, that all such unions 
shall be considered as irregular and void ; and that every congregation 
of this Church shall be considered as belonging to the body of the Church 
of the diocese, or of the State, within the limits of which they dwell or with 
in which there is seated a Church to which they belong. And no clergy 
man having a parish or cure in more than one State, shall have a seat in 
the Convention of any State, other than that in which he resides. 

CANON IX. To empower the Bishop in each Diocese or 
District to compose Forms of Prayer or Thanksgiving for 
extraordinary occasions. 

The bishop of each diocese or district may compose forms of prayer or 
thanksgiving, as the case may require, for extraordinary occasions, and 
transmit them to each clergyman within his diocese or district, whose 
duty it shall be to use such forms in hia church on such occasions. And 
the Clergy in those States in which there is no Bishop, may use the forms 
of prayer or thanksgiving composed by the Bishop of any other State. 

Done in Convention, and signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 
WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., 
PRESIDENT OF THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



isf of fljp (|l(prga 



OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

DELIVERED IN AND PUBLISHED AGREEABLY TO THE 16TH 
CANON OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF 1789. 



From NEW HAMPSHIRE and MASSACHUSETTS no lists were delivered in. 

The Lists from RHODE ISLAND and CONNECTICUT are the same as those 
in the last Journal, no new Lists having been delivered in. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Moses Badger, Rector of King's church, Providence. 
The Rev. William Smith, Rector of Trinity church, Newport. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Right Rev. Samuel Seabury, D.D., Bishop. 

The Rev. Ebenezer Dibble, Rector of St. John's church Stamford. 
Rev. George Ogilvie, St. Paul's church, Norwalk. 
Rev. Philo Shelton, Stratfield. 

Rev. Dr. Bela Hubbard, Trinity church, New Haven. 
Rev. Philo Perry, Christ church, Newtown. 
Rev. David Perry, Reading, etc. 
Rev. Truman Marsh, New Milford. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Litchfield. 
Rev. Ambrose Todd, Symsbury. 
Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke, Huntington. 
Rev. Dr. Richard Mansfield, Derby. 
Rev. Reuben Ives, Cheshire. 

Rev. Dr. Abraham Jarvis, Christ Church, Middleton. 
Rev. Daniel Fogg, Brooklyn. 
Rev. John Tyler, Christ church, Norwich. 
Rev. Chauncey Prindle, Westbury. 
Rev. John Bowden, residing at Stratford. 
Rev. Edward Blakslee, Deacon, Woodbridge 
Rev. Solomon Blakslee, Deacon, East Haddam. 

(211) 



212 APPENDIX. [1795. 

Rev. David Belden, Deacon, . 

Rev.,Seth Hart, Deacon, Waterbury. 

Rev. David Butler, Deacon, North Guilford. 

, NEW YORK. 

Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Jeremiah Learning, D.D., residing in New York. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 

York. 
Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 

York. 

Rev. Thomas L. Moore, Rector of St. George's church, South Hempstead. 
Rev. Thomas Ellison, Rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 
Rev. John Bisset, Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New York. 
Rev. Richard C. Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's church, Staten Island. 
Rev. George H. Spieren, Rector of Christ church, Poughkeepsie. 
Rev. Samuel Nesbit, Rector of St. Anne's church, Brooklyn. 
Rev. Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's church, Philipsburgh. 

Rev. Andrew Fowler, Rector of church, Bedford. 

Rev. Theodosius Bartow, Rector of Trinity church at New Rochelle. 
Rev. William Hainmel, Rector of the churches at Jamaica, Newtown, 

and Flushing. 

Rev. John J. Sands, Minister of Christ church, Rye. 
Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, Professor of the Greek and Latin Languages in 

Columbia College. 

Rev. Ammi Rogers, Rector of the churches at Schenectady and Ballston. 
Rev. John Ireland, Rector of St. Peter's church, West Chester. 
Rev. David Belden, Rector of Christ church, Duanesburgh. 
Rev. Frederick Van Home, Minister of St. Andrew's church, Ulster 

county. 
Rev. Walter C. Gardiner, Minister of Christ church, Hudson. 

Rev. Samuel Haskell, Minister of church, Peekskill. 

Rev. James Nicholls officiates every third Sunday at Camden. 
Rev. Daniel Barber, officiates every third Sunday at Kingsbury. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, Rector of Trinity church, Newark. 

Rev. Henry Waddell, Rector of Christ church, Shrewsbury, and Christ 
church, Middletown. 

Rev. Henry Vandyke, Rector of St. Mary's church, Burlington. 

Rev. William Ayres, Rector of St. Peter's church, Spotswood. 

Rev. John Croes, Rector of Trinity church, Swedesborough. 

Rev. Richard C. Moore, Rector of St. Peter's church, Amboy, but resid 
ing in the State of New York. 

Rev. Elisha D. Rattoone, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, Newark, 
but residing in New York. 

Rev. John Wade, residing at present at Colestown. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's church, Philadelphia. 



1795.] APPENDIX. 213 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and St. 
Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, Rector of the Episcopal churches in York and Hun 
tingdon. 

Rev. Slator Clay, Rector of St. David's, Radnor, St. Peter's iu the Valley, 
and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Elisha Rigg, Rector of St. James's, Lancaster. 

Rev. Levi Heath, Rector of Pequea and Bangor churches, Lancaster 
county. 

Rev. Robert Ayres, Rector of Emanuel church and St. Peter's church 
in Washington and Fayette counties. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland county. 

Rev. Joseph H. Turner, Rector of St. Paul's church, Chester, and St. 
Martin's church, Marcus Hook. 

Rev. Caleb Hopkins, Rector of Christ church, Derry township, and Christ 
church, Turbut township, Northumberland county. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Washington connty. 

Rev. James Abercrombie, Assistant Minister of Christ church and St. 
Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Doddridge, Deacon in Washington county. 

Rev. John Taylor, Deacon in Northumberland county. 

Rev. Absalom Jones, (a black man), Deacon in the African church of 
St. Thomas, Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson, Rector of Trinity church, Wilmington. 

Rev. Robert Clay, Emanuel church, New Castle. 

Rev. George Dasheille, St. Anne's church, Middletown, Newcastle county. 

Rev. William Pryce, Christ church, Kent county. 

Rev. William Skelly, Christ church, Sussex county. 

Rev. James Wiltbank, St. Peter's church, Sussex county. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Andrew Elliott, Rector of King and Queen. 

Rev. Francis Walker, St. Andrew's. 

Rev. Charles Smoot, William and Mary, St. Mary's county. 

Rev. John W. Compton, William and Mary. 

Rev. John Weems, Port Tobacco parish. 

Walter Harrison, Durham, Charles county. 

Rev. Edward Gantt, Jun., All Saints, Calvert.(l) 

Rev. Joseph Messenger, St. John's parish.(l) 

Rev. Joseph Jackson, Queen Anne's, Prince George. 

Rev. Clement Brook. 

Rev. Walter Addison. 

Rev. Andrew T. Macormick, residing in Prince George. 

Rev. Thomas Scott, St. James's. (1) 

Rev. Henry Moscrop, All Hallows. 

Rev. Ralph Higinbottom, St. Anne'a. 



214 APPENDIX. [1795. 

Rev. Stephen Sykes, Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's parish.(l) 

Rev. George Ralph, Washington. 

Rev. Edward Gantt, M.D. 

Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, St. Peter's, Montgomery. 

Rev. George Bower, Rector of All Saints, Frederick. 

Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, St. Paul's parish.(l) 

Rev. T. Fitch Oliver, St. Thomas's, Baltimore. 

Rev. John Coleman, St. John's parish.(l) 

Rev. John Allen, St. George's. 

Rev. John Ireland, Harford county. 

Rev. William Duke, St. Mary Anne's.(l) 

Rev. Jeremiah Cosden, St. Stephen's, Cecil. 

Rev. Colin Ferguson, D.D., St. Paul's parish, Kent county.(l) 

Rev. Archibald Walker, Kent. 

Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., St. Luke's parish. 

Rev. Samuel Keene, Jun., Queen Anne's.(l) 

Rev. Owen F. Magrath, St. Peter's. 

Rev. John Bowie, D.D., St. Michael's, Talbot. 

Rev. James Kemp, Great Choptank parish, Dorchester county.(l) 

Rev. Samuel Tingeley. 

Rev. Samuel Sloan, Somerset. 

Rev. David Ball, Rector of All Hallows parish, Worcester. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Charles O'Neill, rector of Amherst parish. 
Rev. Alexander Hay, rector of Antrim parish. 
Rev. Devereux Jarratt, rector of Bath parish. 
Rev. Samuel Gray, Botetourt parish. 
Rev. Hugh Corrans Boggs, rector of Berkeley parish. 
Rev. Benjamin Brown, rector of Brisland parish. 
Rev. John Syme, rector of Bristol parish. 

Rev. John Cameron, D.D., rector of 

Rev. Alexander M'Farland, rector of Brunswick parish 

Rev. John Bracken, D.D., rector of Bruton parish. 

Rev. John Camm, rector of Charles parish. 

Rev. Henry Heffernam. 

Rev. David Ball, Christ church parish. 

Rev. James Elliott, rector of Cople parish. 

Rev. Needier Robinson, rector of Dale parish. 

Rev. Spence Grayson, rector of Dettingen parish. 

Rev. Jesse Carter, rector of Drysdale parish. 

Rev. John J. Spooner, Elizabeth city parish. 

Rev. James Whitehead, rector of Elizabeth river parisi. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Fairfax parish. 

Rev. Alexander Balmain, rector of Frederick parish. 

Rev. Matthew Maury, rector of Fredericksville parish. 

Rev. James Craig, rector of Hamilton parish. 

Rev. John Buchanan, D.D., rector of Henrico parish. 

Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey, rector of Hungars parish. 

Rev. James Thompson, rector of Leeds parish. 

Rev. Charles Crawford, rector of Lexington parish. 



1795.] APPENDIX. 215 

Rev. William Crawford, Lexington parish. 

Rev. Elkanah Talley, rector of Littleton parish. 

Rev. Isaac Wm. Gibbern, rector of Lunenburg parish. 

Rev. Anthony Walke, rector of Lynhaven parish. 

Rev. Wm. Cameron, rector of Manchester parish. 

Rev. William Hubard, rector of Newport parish. 

Rev. Henry J. Burgess, Nottoway parish. 

Rev. Robert Buchan, rector of Overwharton parish. 

Rev. Arthur Emerson, rector of Portsmouth parish. 

Rev. John Brunskill, rector of Raleigh parish. 

Rev. Alexander Lundie, rector of St. Andrew's parish. 

Rev. John Matthews, St. Bride's parish. 

Rev. Reuben Clopton, 

Rev. Cave Jones, St. George's parish. 

Rev. Isaac Foster, . 

Rev. James Stenvenson, rector of St. George's parish. 

Rev. Charles Hopkins, rector of St. James, Northam parish. 

Rev. James Price, rector of St. John's parish. 

Rev. Archibald Dick, rector of St. Margaret's parish. 

Rev. John Woodville. St. Mark's parish. 

Rev. Peter Nelson, St. Martin's parish. 

Rev. Abner Waugh, rector of St. Mary's parish. 

Rev. William Stewart, rector of St. Paul's parish. 

Rev. John Parsons, . 

Rev. John Seward, St. Stephen's parish. 

Rev. John Hyde Saunders, rector of Southam parish. 

Rev. Samuel Butler, rector of Southwark parish. 

Rev. Lee Massey, rector of Truro parish. 

Rev. Sewal Chapin, rector of Westover parish. 

Rev. James Henderson, rector of York parish. 

Rev. John Bryan, rector of Wicomico parish. 

Rev. John O'Donnel, rector of Hampshire parish. 

Rev. Thomas Hughes, rector of Petsworth parish. 

Rev. Joseph Wilson. 

Rev. Stephen Johnson. 

Rev. John Wade. 

Rev. Armistead Smith, rector of Matthews parish. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
The Right Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Mr. Frost. 

Rev. Dr. Purcell, St. Michael's. 
Rev. Dr. Gates. 
Rev. Mr. Jenkins. 

Rev. Mr. Nixon, Master of an Academy. 
Rev. Mr. White, Charleston. 
Rev. Mr. Mills, St. Andrew's. 
Rev. Mr. M'Culley, St. Luke's. 
Rev. Mr. Tate, St. Helen's. 
Rev. Mr. Blackwall, St. Bartholomew's. 
Rev. Mr. Connor, Edisto. 

Those gentlemen whose names are marked (1) were elected members 
of the Standing Committee in the State Convention of 1795. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OP THE 



(Jjurrlj 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



TH CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM TUESDAY, JUNE HTH, 
TO WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19iH, 1799. 

(217) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 
Rev. William Walter, D.D. 

FROM THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. 
Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke. 

FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 
Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin. 
Benjamin Hall, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 
Rev. John Bisset. 
Rev.,Amini Rogers. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 
Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D. 
Rev. Henry Waddell. 
Rev. John Croes. 
Rev. Menzies Rayner. 
John Rutherford, Esq. 
Mr. Jeffery Clarke. 
Mr. John Dennis. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. John Andrews, D.D. 
Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 
Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D. 
General Francis Gurney. 
John C. Stocker, Esq. 
Mr. Joseph Sims. 
Mr. J. B. Gilpin. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 
Rev. Robert Clay. 
Rev. Joseph Carkson. 
Rev. William Pryce. 
Rev. Walter C. Gardiner. 
Joseph Burn, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF VIRGINIA. 
Rev. John Bracken, D.D. 
Robert Andrews, Esq. 

(219) 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of (Jlprirai anb ag 



PHILADELPHIA, CHRIST CHURCH, 

TUESDAY, JUNE 11, 1799. 

SUFFICIENT number of Clerical and Lay Deputies to 
form a Convention not appearing, the members pre 
sent adjourned to meet at the State House to-morrow 
morning at 10 o'clock. 



STATE HOUSE, WEDNESDAY, June 12. 

The members met agreeably to adjournment, and a quo 
rum being formed, 

The Right Rev. Dr. White read prayers. 

Deputies from seven States appearing, the house proceeded 
to the appointment, by ballot, of a President; and a ma 
jority of the votes were found for the Rev. William Smith, 
D.D. 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, one of the Assistant-Minis 
ters of Christ Church and St. Peter's, was appointed Secre 
tary to the Convention. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Andrews inform the House 
of Bishops, that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
is formed, and ready to proceed to business. 

Resolved, That the rules of order established by the 

(221) 



222 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, of the two preceding 
General Conventions, be adopted. 

The Rev. William Walter, D.D., Clerical deputy from the 
State of Massachusetts; the Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clark, 
Clerical deputy from the State of Rhode Island ; the Rev. 
John Bisset and the Rev. Ammi Rogers, Clerical deputies 
from the State of New York; the Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., 
the Rev. Henry Waddell, and the Rev. John Croes, Clerical 
deputies, and Mr. Jeffery Clarke, Lay deputy from the State 
of New Jersey; Rev. William Smith, D.D., the Rev. John 
Andrews, D.D., the Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., and the Rev. 
Robert Blackwell, D.D., Clerical deputies, General Francis 
Gurney, and Mr. Joseph Sims, Lay deputies from the State 
of Pennsylvania ; the Rev. Joseph Clarkson, the Rev. Wil 
liam Price, and the Rev. Walter C. Gardiner, Clerical depu 
ties, and Joseph Burn, Esq., Lay deputy from the State of 
Delaware ; and the Rev. John Bracken, D.D., Clerical De 
puty, and Robert Andrews, Esq., Lay deputy from the State 
of Virginia, delivered in, at the Secretary's table, certificates 
of their appointment, which were read, and determined to 
be satisfactory. 

Mr. Bisset proposed the following resolution, viz. : That a 
Committee, consisting of members, be appointed to re 
vise the Canons, to propose amendments, and to report the 
whole in one regular series. This resolution was read, and 
ordered to lie on the table. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, June 13. 

Prayers being read by the Secretary, the house proceeded 
to business. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D., and the Rev. Ashbel Bald 
win, Clerical deputies, and Benjamin Hall, Esq., Lay deputy 
from the State of Connecticut, presented their testimonials, 
which were approved, and they took their seats accordingly. 
Mr. John Dennis, a Lay deputy from the State of New Jer 
sey, and John C. Stocker, Esq., a Lay deputy from the State 
of Pennsylvania, took their seats. 

Mr. Bisset's proposed resolution of yesterday, was taken 
up and carried, and the blank ordered to be filled up with the 
word " five. 



1799.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 223 

The members appointed were, Rev. Dr. Smith of Connec 
ticut, Rev. Mr. Bisset of New York, Rev. Mr. Waddell of 
New Jersey, Gen. Gurney of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Hall of 
Connecticut. 

The house resolved itself into a Committee of the whole 
on the State of the Church. 

The Rev. Dr. Walter in the chair. 

After some time the Committee rose, and the Chairman 
reported the following resolution, viz. 

Resolved, That the consideration of the resolution, for 
an alteration in the Constitution of this Church, proposed in 
the last General Convention, in these words : " But if the 
Church shall not be represented in both Orders, by a ma 
jority of the States, then the votes shall be given by States 
without regard to Orders," be postponed to the next General 
Convention. 

This resolution was disagreed to by the house. 

Resolved, That this house will now go into a Committee 
of the whole, to take into consideration the second resolution 
of the General Convention of Friday, Sept. 18, 1795, and to 
report thereon. 

The house resolved itself accordingly, Dr. Walter in the 
chair. 

The Chairman of the Committee of the whole reported, 
that the Committee had risen and requested leave to sit 
again. 

Resolved, That in the places of Dr. Moore and Mr. Bend, 
who are absent, Dr. Smith of Connecticut, and Mr. Bisset, 
be added to the other three members, viz., Dr. Smith of 
Pennsylvania, Dr. Andrews, and Dr. Magaw, the Committee 
appointed by the last General Convention to digest and re 
port a course of study for candidates for Efoly Orders, and 
that they be requested to report the same during the present 
session. 

Resolved, That Dr. Andrews and Mr. Andrews be a 
Committee to bring in a Canon prescribing the mode of call 
ing special meetings of the General Convention. 

Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to officiate as 
Chaplain to the Convention during the present session. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



224 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

FRIDAY, June 14. 

The house met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 

The Rev. Menzies Rayner, a Clerical deputy from the 
State of New Jersey, and the Rev. Robert Clay, a Clerical 
deputy from the State of Delaware, took their seats. 

Mr. Andrews, from the Committee appointed to report a 
Canon for calling special Conventions, reported a Canon, 
prescribing the mode of calling special Conventions; which 
was read the first time, and ordered for a second reading. 

On motion, the Canon prescribing the mode of calling spe 
cial Conventions was read a second time, amended, and or 
dered to be fairly transcribed for a third reading. It was 
then passed, and sent for concurrence, by the Secretary, to 
the House of Bishops. 

Mr. Croes presented testimonials from the State Conven 
tion of New Jersey, recommending the Rev. Uzal Ogden, 
D.D., as Bishop of that State. 

Ordered to lie on the table. 

On motion of Mr. Baldwin, the house resolved itself into 
a Committee of the whole, to take into consideration the pro 
priety of framing Articles of religion. Dr. Walter in the 
chair. 

The Chairman of the Committee reported the following 
resolution, viz. 

Resolved, That the articles of our faith and religion, as 
founded on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testa 
ments, are sufficiently declared in our Creeds and Liturgy, 
as set forth in the Book of Common Prayer established for 
the use of this Church, and that further articles do not ap 
pear necessary. 

This resolution was disagreed to by the house; 

The House of Bishops sent for concurrence a form of con 
secration of a church or chapel ; which was ordered to lie on 
the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Clarkson asked leave of absence till Tues 
day, which was not granted. 

Adjourned to 6 o'clock this evening. 

FRIDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The house met. 

The Canon, prescribing the mode of calling special Con 
ventions, was returned with amendments from the House of 
Bishops, which were agreed to. 



1799.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 225 

The form of consecration of a church or chapel, sent to 
this house by the Bishops, was read, and referred to a Com 
mittee of the whole house to-morrow morning. 

On motion, resolved, that the testimonials respecting the 
Bishop elect of New Jersey be read, which was done. 

Resolved, That the consideration of this subject be post 
poned till to-morrow. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, June 15. 

The house met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 

The house proceeded to the consideration of the testimo 
nials in favour of the Bishop elect of New Jersey; and, af 
ter discussion, the subject was postponed. 

A resolution was proposed by Mr. Bisset, that the Conven 
tion now proceed to the framing of Articles of religion for 
this Church. 

The question was taken by Yeas and Nays as^follows. 

CLERGY Massachusetts, No ; Connecticut, Yea ; Rhode Is 
land, Yea; New York, Yea; New Jersey, Yea; Pennsylva 
nia, No; Delaware, Yea; Virginia, No. 

LAITY Connecticut, Yea; New Jersey, Yea; Pennsylva 
nia, Yea ; Virginia, No. 

So it was carried in the affirmative. 

Resolved, That the Committee shall consist of a member 
from each State now represented, who were chosen, and were 
as follows. 

Massachusetts, Dr. Walter; Connecticut, Dr. Smith; New 
York, Mr. Bisset ; New Jersey, Mr. Waddell ; Pennsylvania, 
Dr. AndreAvs; Delaware, Mr. Clay; Virginia, Dr. Bracken. 

Resolved, That leave be given to Mr. Baldwin to bring 
in a Canon to regulate the qualifications of Ministers to vote 
in State and General Conventions. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating " a resolution for altering the 1st Article of the 
Constitution," and "a proposal of a Prayer, to be used at 
the meetings of Conventions." 

The house resolved itself into a Committee of the whole, 
to take into consideration the communications from the House 
of Bishops. Dr. Walter in the chair. 

The Committee rose, and reported certain amendments in 
VOL. I. 15 



226 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

the "form of consecration of a church or chapel;" also, 
amendments to the resolution for the time of meeting of fu 
ture General Conventions, together with an amendment to 
the " Prayer to be used during the sitting of Convention ;" 
all of which were concurred in by the house. 

Resolved, That leave be given to Mr. Andrews to bring 
in a Canon respecting the consecration of Bishops in the re 
cess of the General Convention; which was presented, read, 
and ordered to lie on the table. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock on Monday morning. 



MONDAY MORNING, June 17. 

The house met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 

Mr. Baldwin presented " A Canon to regulate the qualifi 
cations of Ministers to vote in State and General Conven 
tions; which was read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The proposed Canon respecting the consecration of Bish 
ops in the recess of the Convention, was read a second time, 
amended, and ordered to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The communications from the House of Bishops, with the 
amendments proposed by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, were returned by the House of Bishops, with their 
concurrence. 

The Chairman of the Committee for revising and amend 
ing the Canons, made a report, which was read, and ordered 
to be recommitted. 

At 11 o clock the house adjourned for two hours, in order 
that the several Committees might finish their reports. 

MONDAY, 1 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. 

Mr. Andrews solicited leave to bring in a Canon, repealing 
in part the Canon of 1795, " Concerning the learning of 
those who are to be ordained," which was granted; and the 
Canon was read, approved, and sent for concurrence to the 
House of Bishops. 

On motion of Mr. Bisset, Resolved, That the Committee 
appointed to review and arrange the Canons be discharged, 
and that all the Canons which have been passed in preced 
ing General Conventions, together with those which may be 
passed during the present session, shall be arranged under 



1799.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 227 

the respective years in which they were enacted, and printed 
at the end of the Journal of this Convention. Provided, 
nevertheless, that if any Canon of the preceding Conven 
tions has been repealed, it shall be mentioned by its number 
and title only, followed by a notification of its having been 
repealed. 

A motion was made by Mr. Bisset, that it be made known 
to the several State Conventions, that it is proposed to con 
sider and determine in the next General Convention, on the 
following addition to the second article of the Constitution, 
to be introduced in the 9th line, after the word " Conven 
tion," viz. 

" But if the Church shall not be represented in both Or 
ders in a majority of the States, then the votes shall be by 
States, without regard to Orders." 

The previous question, " Shall the main question be put?" 
was taken, and determined in the negative. 

John Rutherford, Esq., Lay deputy from the State of 
New Jersey, took his seat. 

On motion of Mr. Croes, the recommendation of the 
Church in New Jersey, in favour of their Bishop elect, was 
taken up ; and after some discussion, it was resolved that the 
consideration of the same be postponed till to-morrow. 

The House of Bishops returned the Canon repealing in 
part the Canon of 1795, " Concerning the learning of those 
who are to be ordained," with their approbation ; and a sub 
stitute for the Canon respecting the consecration of Bishops 
during the recess of the General Convention, which was 
adopted. 

Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY MORNING, June 18. 

The House met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 

The proposed Canon, respecting the qualification of Mi 
nisters to vote in State and General Conventions, was read, 
amended, and ordered to be sent for concurrence to the 
House of Bishops; which was done. 

Mr. J. B. Gilpin, a Lay deputy from the State of Pennsyl 
vania, took his seat. 

The chairman of the Committee on the Articles reported 
seventeen Articles of religion, which were read. Whereupon, 
on motion of Mr. Bisset, 



228 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

Resolved unanimously, That on account of the advanced 
period of the present session, and the thinness of the Con 
vention, the consideration of the Articles now reported and 
read be postponed, and that the Secretary transcribe the 
Articles into the Journal of this Convention, to lie over for 
the consideration of the next General Convention. 

Dr. Bracken asked leave to bring in a Canon, supplemen 
tary to the 2d Canon of 1795, " Concerning the testimonials 
to be produced on the part of those who are to be ordained," 
which was read twice, and, upon the question for the third 
reading, was negatived. 

The testimonials of the Bishop elect of New Jersey being 
called up, the following resolution passed : 

Whereas doubts have arisen in the minds of some members 
of the Convention, whether all the Priests who voted in the 
election of the Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., to the office of a 
Bishop in the State of New Jersey, were so qualified as to 
constitute them a majority of the resident and officiating 
priests in the said State, according to the meaning of the 
Canon in this case made and provided. And whereas, in a 
matter of so great importance to the interest of religion and 
the honour of our Church, it is not only necessary that they 
who concur in recommending to an office so very sacred, 
should have a full conviction of the fitness of the person 
they recommend, but that they should also be perfectly sa 
tisfied with respect to the regularity of every step which had 
been taken in the business, 

Resolved, therefore, that in the opinion of the House of 
Deputies, all proceedings respecting the consecration of the 
Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., ought to be suspended, until a fu 
ture Convention of the State of New Jersey shall declare 
their sense of the subject. 

The House of Bishops returned the Canon, " to regulate 
the qualifications of Ministers, etc.," with amendments. The 
amended title was adopted; the other proposed amendment 
was rejected. 

The House of Bishops receded from their amendment of 
the Canon, explanatory of the 1st Canon of 1795. 

Resolved, That the next General Convention, to be held 
agreeably to the Constitution on the second Tuesday of Sep 
tember, 1801, shall meet in the city of Trenton. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Dr. White be requested 
to preach at the opening of the next General Convention. 



1799.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 229 

Resolved, That the House of Bishops be informed that 
this house is ready to adjourn. 

Mr. Bisset was requested to communicate the two preced 
ing resolves to the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to their 
President, the Rev. Dr. Smith, and to their Secretary and 
Chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Abercrombie, for their attention and 
services. 

Mr. Bisset reported, "That the Right Rev. Dr.' White 
would comply with the request of this house; and that the 
House of Bishops, having no further communications to 
make, concurred in the resolution of adjournment. 

Ordered, that 570 copies of the Journal be printed. 

The house adjourned, sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay De- 
outies. 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 

JAMES ABERCROMBIE, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 



ARTICLES OF RELIGION. 

Extract from the Journal of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, in Convention met, 1799. 

Resolved unanimously, That t>n account of the advanced 
period of the present Session, and the thinness of the Con 
vention, the consideration of the Articles, now reported and 
read, be postponed; and that the Secretary transcribe the 
Articles into the Journal of this Convention, to lie over for 
the consideration of the next General Convention. 

The Articles referred to are as follow. 

I. Of faith in the Holy Trinity. 

There is but one living and true God, everlasting ; of infinite power, 
wisdom, and goodness ; the maker and preserver of all things, visible 
and invisible. And in the unity of this Godhead there are three persons 
the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; our Creator, Redeemer, and 
Sanctifier. 

II. Of the Holy Scripture. 

Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation ; so that 
whatsoever is not read therein, and cannot be proved thereby, is not to be 
received as an article of faith, nor deemed necessary to salvation. 

By Holy Scripture, we understand the canonical books of the Old and 
New Testament. 

THE NAMES AND NUMBER OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS IN THE OLD 

TESTAMENT. 
CHAPS. CHAPS. 

1. Genesis having 50 21. Ecclesiastes having 12 

2. Exodus " 40 22. The Song of Solomon 

3. Leviticus " 27 23. Isaiah 66 

4. Numbers " 36 24. Jeremiah 52 



5. Deuteronomy " 34 25. Lamentations 

6. Joshua " 24 26. Ezekiel 

7. Judges " 21 27. Daniel 



(231) 



5 

48 
12 



232 



APPENDIX. 



[1799. 



8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
U. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 



CHAPS. 

Ruth having 4 

The 1st Book of Samuel 31 
The 2d Book of Samuel 24 
The 1st Book of Kings 22 
The 2d Book of Kings 25 
The 1st Book of Chronicles 29 
The 2d Book of Chronicles 36 
Ezra. " 10 

Nehemiah " 13 

The Book of Esther " 10 
The Book of Job " 42 

The Psalms " 150 

The Proverbs " 31 



28. Hosea 

29. Joel 

30. Amos 

31. Obadiah 

32. Jonah 

33. Micah 

34. Nahum 

35. Habakuk 

36. Zephaniah 

37. Haggai 

38. Zechariah 

39. Malachi 



CHAPS. 

having 14 

" 3 

9 

" 1 

" 4 

u Y 

" 3 

" 3 

" 3 

2 

" 14 

" 4 



CANONICAL BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. 



1. St. Matthew having 28 

2. St. Mark " 16 

3. St. Luke " 24 

4. St. John 21 

5. The Acts of the Apostles 28 

6. Epistle to the Romans " 16 

7. 1st Epistle to the Corinthians 16 

8. 2d Epistle to the Corinthians 13 

9. Epistle to the Galatians. 5 

10. Epistle to the Ephesians 6 

11. Epistle to the Philipians 4 

12. Epistle to the Colossians 4 

13. 1st Epistle to theThessalonians 5 

14. 2d Epistle to theThessalonians 3 



15. 1st Epistle to Timothy having 6 

16. 2d Epistle to Timothy " 4 

17. Epistle to Titus " 3 

18. Epistle to Philemon " 1 

19. Epistle to the Hebrews " 13 

20. Epistle of St. James " 5 

21. 1st Epistle of St. Peter " 5 

22. 2d Epistle of St. Peter " 3 

23. 1st Epistle of St. John " 5 

24. 2d Epiitle of St. John 1 

25. 3d Epistle of St. John " 1 

26. Epistle of St. Jude " 1 

27. Revelation of St. John, the 

Divine " 22 



The Apocryphal books are read by the Church, for example of life and 
instruction of manners, not for the establishment of discipline or doctrine. 

III. Of the Old and New Testament 

There is a perfect harmony and accordance between the Old and New 
Testament ; for in both, " Pardon of sin and everlasting life are offered to 
mankind through Christ, who is the only mediator between God and 
man ;" and although Christians are not bound to obey the civil and cere 
monial precepts, yet are they obliged to observe all the moral command 
ments of the Mosaic dispensation. 

IV. Of the Creeds. 

The Nicene Creed and the Apostles' Creed ought to be retained and 
believed, because every Article contained in them may be proved by Holy 
Scripture. 

V. Of the Transgression of our first Parents. 

By the transgression of our first parents they lost that primitive inno 
cence and perfect holiness in which God had created them; and thus the 
nature of man became corrupted, and prone to evil, so that there is no 
man living who sinneth not. 



1799.] APPENDIX. 233 

VI. Of Justification. 

We are justified, or pardoned by God, not on account of our own good 
works, but only through the merits and mediation of our blessed Re 
deemer and Advocate, JESUS CHRIST. But although good works cannot 
put away our sins, nor appear perfect before God, yet are they pleasing 
and acceptable to God in Christ, and essentially necessary to salvation 
for Scripture assures us, that " faith without works is dead," and that 
without holiness no man shall see the Lord. 



VII. Of Predestination and Election. 

Being well assured, from Holy Scripture, of the eternal purpose or pro 
mise of redemption, according to which God sent his Son to be the pro 
pitiation for the sins of the whole world, and Christ Jesus gave himself a 
ransom for all ; we receive the doctrine of predestination as consistent 
with, and agreeable to, this most gracious and general scheme of salva 
tion, which we believe to be universal in the intention, however partial the 
wickedness of mankind may render it in the application. Under the im 
pression of this belief, it is the duty of Christians to be satisfied with and 
attend to the promises of God, as they are generally set forth to us in 
Holy Scripture, without seeking to be " wise above what is written," or 
plunging into the unrevealed secrets of either past or future eternity, but 
always remembering the distinction which in such cases Moses lays down 
" Secret things belong unto the Lord our God, but the things which are 
revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all 
the words of this law." 



VIII. Of Salvation by Christ alone. 

Holy Scripture declares, that " there is none other name under heaven 
given among men whereby we must be saved, but only the name of our 
Lord Jesus Christ." But we are not authorised to assert, that men shall 
not be saved by the name of Jesus Christ, to whom his Gospel has not 
been promulgated. We leave them to the uncovenanted mercies of God. 

IX. Of the Church. 

The visible Church of Christ is the whole multitude of believers, of 
whatsoever nation or language, dwelling on the face of the earth, among 
whom the pure word of God is preached, the Sacraments duly adminis 
tered, and the order of the priesthood observed, according to Christ's or 
dinance and appointment. 

X. Of the authority of the Church. 

The Church hath power to ordain, change, and abolish rites and cere 
monies, and to determine controversies of faith ; but it is not lawful for 
the Church to ordain or command any thing to be received or believed 
which is contrary to the Canon of Scripture, or to expound one part of 
the same so as to be repugnant to another. The Church, also, is the wit 
ness or keeper of Holy Writ, and must neither adulterate, nor add to, nor 
take from the same. 



234 APPENDIX. [1799. 

XL Of ministering in the Church. 

It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of public 
preaching, or administering the Holy Sacraments, until he be regularly 
ordained, and sent to execute the same. And those we judge lawfully 
sent, who are ordained by the Bishops of the Church. 

XII. Of the Sacraments. 

Sacraments were ordained by Christ, not only to be badges or tokens 
of Christian profession, but to be outward and visible signs of inward 
and spiritual grace, by which He doth work invisibly in us, and doth not 
only quicken, but doth also strengthen and confirm our faith in Him. 

XIII. Of Baptism. 

Baptism is an ordinance by which we are regenerated and born again 
of water and the Holy Ghost, received into Christ's Church, and made 
living members of the same. 

XIV. Of the Lord's Supper. 

The Supper of the Lord is not only a token of the love that Christians 
ought to have towards one another, but rather a pledge of our redemption 
by Christ's death. To such as worthily receive the same, the bread which 
is broken is a partaking of the body of Christ, and the cup of blessing is 
a partaking of the blood of Christ; both which are spiritually received, 
for the preservation of our souls and bodies unto everlating life. 

XV. Of the Oblation of Christ. 

The oblation of the body of Christ, once made, is that perfect sacrifice, 
propitiation, and satisfaction, which was offered for the sins of the whole 
world. And there is no other sacrifice, satisfaction, or atonement for sin, 
but that only. 

XVI. Of excommunicated Persons. 

Whosoever is publicly excommunicated by the governors of the Church, 
and cut off from the unity of the same, is to be considered as an alien 
from the promises of the Gospel, until he be openly reconciled, and re 
ceived again into communion. 

XVII. Of the power of the Civil Magistrate. 

The power of the civil magistrate extendeth to all men, as well Clergy 
as Laity, in all things temporal but hath no authority in things purely 
spiritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men who are professors 
of the gospel, to pay a respectful obedience to the civil authority, regu 
larly and legitimately constituted. 



JOUENAL 



OP THE 



fjfousp of $JisIjop. 



PHILADELPHIA, CHRIST CHURCH, 
r 5 TUESDAY, June llth, 1799. 

1 IJ l!p being the day of a Special Meeting of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, duly summoned, the Right Rev. Bishop 
of the House of Bishops, attended, and appointed 
to meet the next day at 10 o'clock, in the Committee Room 
of the House of Assembly ; leave having been given to meet 
there by his Excellency the Governor. 




WEDNESDAY, June 12, 1799. 

In the Committee Room of the House of Assembly. 

Present as before, together with the Right Rev. Bishop 
Provoost, of the State of New York, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop Bass of the State of Massachusetts. 

This being a special meeting, and the Bishop whose turn 
it would have been to preside, agreeably to the rules of this 
house, not attending, Bishop White, the President of the last 
Convention, was requested to preside. 

Resolved, That during the session of the Convention, 
the house will attend divine service in the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The house received a message by the Rev. Dr. Andrews, 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, informing that 
they are organized and ready to proceed to business. Thia 
house declared, that they also are ready to proceed. 



236 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

After some time, the house adjourned until to-morrow 
morning at ten o'clock. 



THURSDAY, June 13. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The Rev. John Henry Hobart was appointed Secretary. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Provoost proposed to the consider 
ation of this house, a form of consecration of a church or 
chapel, which was read, and made the order of the day for 
to-morrow. 

The house adjourned till 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, June 14. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies presented, by 
their Secretary, a proposed Canon, prescribing the mode of 
calling special meetings of the General Convention. 

The house then went into the consideration of the form of 
consecration of a church or chapel ; which, after amendment, 
they adopted, and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies for their concurrence. 

The house returned to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties the proposed Canon, prescribing the mode of calling 
special meetings of the General Convention, with amend 
ments. 

The house then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, June 15. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The house agreed to a resolve, respecting an alteration in 
the first article of the General Constitution, and sent it to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for their concur 
rence. 

The house proposed to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties a prayer to be used at the meeting of the Convention, 
and to be printed with the Journal of the present Convention. 

The house adjourned to Monday morning, 9 o'clock. 



1799.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 237 

MONDAY, June 17, 1799. 

The house met. Present as on Saturday. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned to this 
house, by their Secretary, the resolution for altering the first 
article of the General Constitution, with an amendment. 
Also, the Prayer to be used at meetings of the Convention, 
with an amendment. Also, the form of consecration of a 
church or chapel, with sundry amendments. 

The house passed the resolution respecting the alteration 
of the first article of the General Constitution, with the pro 
posed amendment; which resolution is as follows, viz. 

Resolved, That it be made known to the several State 
Conventions, that it is proposed to consider and determine in 
the next General Convention, on the following alteration of 
the first Article of the Constitution: 

" Article I. There shall be a General Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, on the third Tuesday in May, in the year of our Lord 
1805, and on the third Tuesday in May every fifth year af 
terwards, in such place," etc., as before. 

The house passed the Prayer to be used at meetings of the 
Convention, with the proposed amendment. 

The house approved of the amendments to the form of 
consecration of a church or chapel, with an exception to one, 
which they ordered to be returned to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had receded from their amendment 
to the form of consecration of a church or chapel, which 
amendment had been disagreed to by this house. 

The form of consecration was then passed as amended. 

A proposed Canon was received from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, respecting the consecration of Bish 
ops in the recess of the General Convention. 

The above Canon was returned to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, with a proposed substitute. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed Canon, repealing in part the Fourth 
Canon of 1795, concerning the learning of those who are to 
be ordained. 

The house passed the above Canon. 

The Right. Rev. Bishop Provoost obtained leave of ab 
sence. 

The house adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



238 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1799. 

TUESDAY, June 18, 1799. 

The house met. Present as yesterday, except the Right 
Rev. Bishop Provoost. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed the 
house, that they had agreed to the proposed substitute to the 
Canon respecting the consecration of Bishops in the recess 
of the General Convention. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies presented to this 
house a proposed Canon, to regulate the qualification of Mi 
nisters to vote in the State and General Conventions. 

The aforesaid Canon was returned to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, with a substitute for the title, and another 
proposed amendment.' 

The house concurred in the following resolution, which 
they received from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Resolved, That Trenton, in New Jersey, be the place of 
meeting of the next General Convention. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house that they had concurred in the amendments to the 
proposed Canon, prescribing the mode of calling special 
meetings of the General Convention. 

The house then passed the above Canon. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house, that they had concurred in the proposed substitute to 
the title of a Canon which originated in their house, and that 
they had disagreed to the proposed amendment. 

The house receded from the amendment, and passed the 
Canon, in title as follows : 

" A Canon explanatory of part of the 1st Canon of 1795." 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house that they had finished the business before them, and 
were ready to rise. 

The house declared that they also are ready to rise. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attest: JOHN HENRY HOBART, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 



(Jfinons 



FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL 
CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



The following Canons were agreed on, and ratified in the 
General Convention of said Church, held in the City of Phi 
ladelphia, from the 29th day of September to the 16th day 
of October, 1789, inclusive. 

CANON I. Of the Orders of the Ministers in this Church. 

In this Church there shall always be three Orders in the Ministry, viz., 
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. 

CANON II. Certificates to be produced on the part of 
Bishops elect. 

Every bishop elect, before his consecration, shall produce to the Bish 
ops, to whom he is presented for that holy office, from the Convention 
by whom he is elected a Bishop, and from the General Convention, or a 
Committee of that body to be appointed to act in their recess, certificates, 
respectively in the following words, viz. : 

TESTIMONY FROM THE MEMBERS OF THE CONVENTION IN THE STATE 
FROM WHENCE THE PERSON IS RECOMMENDED FOR CONSECRATION. 

We, whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is, 
that the sacred office of a bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear testimony on this solemn occa 
sion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty God, 
testify, that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to evil 
report, either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that we 
do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime for 

(239) 



240 APPENDIX. [1799. 

which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office. We do, more 
over, jointly and severally declare that, having personally known him for 
three years last past, we do in our consciences believe him to be of such 
sufficiency in good learning, such soundness in the faith, and of such 
virtuous and pure manners and godly conversation, that he is apt and 
meet to exercise the Office of a Bishop, to the honour of God and the 
edifying of his Church, and to be an wholesome example to the flock of 
Christ. 

TESTIMONY FROM THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 

We whose names are underwritten, fully sensible how important it is 
that the sacred office of a Bishop should not be unworthily conferred, and 
firmly persuaded that it is our duty to bear our testimony on this solemn 
occasion without partiality or affection, do, in the presence of Almighty 
God, tesfffy that A. B. is not, so far as we are informed, justly liable to 
evil report either for error in religion or for viciousness of life ; and that 
we do not know or believe there is any impediment or notable crime, on 
account of which he ought not to be consecrated to that holy office, but 
that he hath, as we believe, led his life, for the three years last past, piously, 
soberly, and honestly. 

CANON III. Of Episcopal Visitation. 
Repealed by Canon I. of 1795. 

CANON IV. Of the Age of those who are to be Ordained 

or Consecrated. 
Repealed by Canon III. of 1795. 

CANON V. Of the Titles of those who are to be Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained either Deacon or Priest, unless he shall 
produce a satisfactory certificate from some church, parish, or congrega 
tion, that he is engaged with them, and that they will receive him as their 
minister, and allow him a reasonable support; or \uiless he be engaged 
as a professor, tutor, or instructor of youth, in some college, academy, or 
general seminary of learning, duly incorporated ; or unless the Standing 
Committee of the Church in the State for which he is to be ordained, 
shall certify to the Bishop their full belief and expectation, that he will 
be received and settled as a pastor by some one of the vacant churches 
in that State. 

CANON VI. The Testimonials to be produced on the part of 

those who are to be Ordained. 
Repealed by Canon II. of 1795. 

CANON VII. Of the Learning of those who are to be 
Ordained. 

Repealed by Canon IV. of 1795. 

CANON VIII. Of the Stated Times of Ordination. 

Agreeably to the practice of the primitive Church, the stated times of 



1799.] APPENDIX. 241 

Ordination shall be on the Sundays following the Ember weeks : viz., the 
Second Sunday in Lent, the Feast of Trinity, and the Sundays after the 
Wednesdays following the fourteenth day of September and the thirteenth 
of December. 

CANON IX. Of those who, having been ordained by foreign 
Bishops, settle in this Church. 

No person, not a member of this Church, who shall profess to be epis- 
copally ordained, shall be permitted to officiate therein, until he shall 
have exhibited to the Vestry of the Church in which he shall offer to 
officiate, a certificate signed by the Bishop of the Diocese or district, or, 
where there is no Bishop, by three Clergymen of the Standing Committee 
of the Convention of that State, that his Letters of Orders are authentic, 
and given by some Bishop whose authority is acknowledged by this 
Church, and also satisfactory evidence of his moral character. 

CANON X. Of the Use of the Book of Common Prayer. 

Every minister shall, before all sermons and lectures, use the Book of 
Common Prayer, as the same shall' be set forth and established by the 
authority of this or some future General Convention ; and until such es 
tablishment of an uniform Book of Common Prayer in this Church, every 
minister shall read the Book of Common Prayer directed to be used by 
the Convention of the Church in the State in which he resides ; and no 
other prayer shall be used besides those contained in the said book. 

CANON XI. Of the duty of Ministers in regard to Episco 
pal Visitation. 

It shall be the duty of ministers to prepare children and others for the 
the holy ordinance of Confirmation. And on notice being received from 
the Bishop of his intention to visit any Church, which notice shall be at 
least one month before the intended visitation, the minister shall be ready 
to present for Confirmation those who shall have been previously instruct 
ed for the same, and shall deliver to the Bishop a list of the names of 
those presented. 

And at every visitation it shall be the duty of the minister and of the 
church wardens, to give information to the bishop of the state of the con 
gregation, under such heads as shall have been committed to them in the 
notice given as aforesaid. 

And further, the ministers and church wardens of such congregations 
as cannot be conveniently visited in any year, shall bring or send to the 
Bishop, at the stated meeting of the Convention of the diocese or district, 
information of the state of the congregation, under such heads as shall 
have been committed to them at least one month before the meeting of 
the Convention. 

CANON XII. Notorious Crimes and Scandals to be 
censured. 

If any persons within this church offend their brethren by any wicked 
ness of life, such persons shall be repelled from the Holy Communion,, 



242 APPENDIX. [1799. 

agreeably to the rubric, and may be further proceeded against, to the de 
priving of them of all privileges of church membership, according to 
such rules or process as may be provided, either by General Convention 
or by the Conventions in the different States. 

CANON XIII. Sober conversation required in Ministers. 

No ecclesiastical persons shall, other than for their honest necessities, 
resort to taverns or other places most liable to be abused to licentiousness. 
Further, they shall not give themselves to any base or servile labour, or to 
drinking or riot, or to the spending of their time idly. And if any offend 
in the above, they shall be liable to the ecclesiastical censure of admoni 
tion, or suspension, or degradation, as the nature of the case may require, 
and according to such rules or process as may be provided, either by the 
General Convention or by the Conventions in the different States. 

CANON XIV. Of the due celebration of Sundays. 

All manner of persons within this Church shall celebrate and keep the 
Lord's day, commonly called Sunday, in hearing the word of God read 
and taught, in private and public prayer, in other exercises of devotion, 
and in acts of charity, using all godly conversation. 

CANON XV. Ministers to keep a Register. 

Every minister of this Church shall keep a register of baptisms, mar 
riages, and funerals within his cure, agreeably to such rules as may be 
provided by the ecclesiastical authority where his cure lies ; and if none 
such be provided, then in such a manner as in his discretion he shall 
think best suited to the uses of such a register. 

And the intention of the register of baptisms is hereby declared to be, 
as for other good uses, so especially for the proving of the right of church 
membership of those who may have been admitted into this Church by 
the holy ordinance of baptism. 

And further, every minister of this Church shall, within a reasonable 
time after the publication of this Canon, make out and continue a list of 
all adult persons within his cure, to remain for the use of his successor, 
to be continued by him and by every future minister in the same parish. 

And no minister shall place on the said list the names of any persons 
except of those who, on due enquiry, he shall find to have been baptised 
in this Church ; or who, having been otherwise baptised, shall have been 
received into this Church either by the holy rite of Confirmation, or by 
receiving the Holy Communion, or by some other joint act of the parties 
and of a minister of this Church, whereby such persons shall have attach 
ed themselves to the same. 

CANON XVI. A List to be made and published of the 
Ministers of this Church. 

The secretary of the General Convention shall keep a register of all the 
Clergy of this Church, whose names shall be delivered to him, in the fol 
lowing manner: that is to say, every Bishop of this Church, or, where 
there is no Bishop, the Standing Committee of that diocese or district, 
shall, at the time of -everj General Convention, deliver, or cause to be 



1799.] APPENDIX. 243 

delivered to the secretary, a list of the names of all the ministers of this 
Church in their proper diocese or district, annexing the names ot their re 
spective cures, or of their stations in any colleges or other incorporated 
seminaries of learning, or, in regard to those who have not any cures 
or such stations, their places of residence only. And the said list shall, 
from time to time, be published in the Journals of the General Con 
vention. 

And further, it is recommended to the several Bishops of this Church, 
and to the several Standing Committees, that, during the intervals between 
the meetings of the General Convention, they take such means of notify 
ing the admission of ministers among them, as, in their discretion respec 
tively, they shall think effectual to the purpose of preventing ignorant and 
unwary people from being imposed on, by persons pretending to be au 
thorised ministers of this Church. 



CANON XVII. Notice to be given of the Induction and 
Dismission of Ministers. 

It is hereby required, that on the induction of a minister into any 
Church or parish, the parties shall deliver, or cause to be delivered to the 
Bishop, or to the Standing Committee of the Diocese or district, notice 
of the same in the following form, or to this effect: 

We, the church wardens [or, in case of an Assistant Minister, We, the 
rector and church wardens] do certify to the Right Rev. [naming the 
Bishop] that [naming the person) has been duly chosen Rector [or 
Assistant Minister as the case may be] of [naming the church or 
churches] . 

Which certificate shall be signed with the names of those who certify. 

And if the Bishop, or the Standing Committee, be satisfied that the 
person so chosen is a qualified minister of this Church, he shall transmit 
the said certificate to the Secretary of the Convention, who shall record it 
in a book to be kept by him for that purpose. 

But if the Bishop, or the Standing Committee, be not satisfied as 
above, he or they shall, at the instance of the parties, proceed to enquire 
into the sufficiency of the person so chosen, according to such rules as 
may be made in the States respectively, and shall confirm or reject the 
appointment, as the issue of that enquiry may be. 

Passed Oct. 16th, 1789. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

SAMUEL SEABURY, BP. CONNECT., PRES. 
WILLIAM WHITE, PENNSYLVANIA, 
Attested: JOSEPH CLARKSON, Secretary. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 
Attested: FRANCIS HOPKINSON, Secretary. 



244 APPENDIX. [1799 



PASSED 1792. 

I. Of Clergymen claiming to be Ministers of this Church. 

For a more full accomplishment of the good purposes to be answered 
by the 16th Canon, enacted by the last General Convention, it is hereby 
required, that every Clergyman claiming to be a Minister of this Church, 
shall deliver in his name to the Bishop, or if there be no Bishop, to the 
chairman or some member of the Standing Committee of the Church in 
the State in which he resides, on or before Easter Monday, 1793; or, if he 
be not within any of the States which have acceded to the Constitution of 
this Church, then within three months after he shall come to reside in any 
of the said States. And every Clergyman, during his neglect of confor 
mity to this Canon, shall not be known as a Clergyman of this Church, 
or be admitted to minister in any offices of the same. 

II. Of a Clergyman in any Diocese chargeable with Mis 
demeanor in any other. 

If a Clergyman of the Church in any diocese or district within this 
union shall, in any other diocese or district, conduct himself in such a 
way as is contrary to the rules of this Church, and disgraceful to his 
office, the bishop, or, if there be no bishop, the Standing Committee, 
shall give notice thereof to the ecclesiastical authority of the diocese or 
district to which such offender belongs, exhibiting, with the information 
given, the proofs of the charges made against him. 

III. Of publishing the sentence of degradation against a 

Clergyman. 

Whenever a Clergyman shall be degraded, agreeably to the Canons of 
any particular Church in the union, the Bishop who pronounces sentence, 
shall, without delay, cause the sentence of degradation to be published 
from every pulpit where there may be an officiating minister, throughout 
the diocese or district in which the degraded minister resided ; and also 
shall give information of the sentence to all the Bishops of this Church, 
and, where there is no Bishop, to the Standing Committee. 

IV. Of the Declaration which may be prefixed to certain 

Signatures. 

In regard to the first certificate required in favour of a Bishop elect, by 
the 2d Canon of the last General Convention, and the certificate required 
in favour of a candidate for Priest's or Deacon's Orders by the 6th Canon, 
if there be any members of the bodies respectively concerned who have 
not the requisite personal knowledge of the parties, such persons may pre 
fix the following declaration to their signatures : 

" We believe the testimony contained in the above Certificate, and we 
join in the recommendation of A. B. to the office of ... on suffi 
cient evidence offered to us of the facts set forth." 



1799.] APPENDIX. 245 

Provided, that in the case of a Priest or Deacon, two at least of the 
Standing Committee sign the same, as being personally acquainted with 
the candidate. 

V. Of the officiating of Strangers. 

No stranger shall be permitted to officiate in any congregation of this 
Church, without first producing the evidences of his being a minister 
thereof to the minister, or, in case of vacancy or absence, to the church 
wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of the congregation. And in case any 
person not regularly ordained shall assume the ministerial office, and 
perform any of the duties thereof in this Church, the minister, or, in case 
of vacancy or absence, the church wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of the 
congregation where such offence may be committed, shall cause the name 
of such person, together with the offence, to be published in as many of 
the public papers as may be convenient. 

VI. Of one Clergyman officiating within the Parochial 

Cure of another Clergyman. 
Repealed by Canon V. of 1795. 

HOUSE OP BISHOPS: 

SAMUEL PROVOOST, PRESIDENT. 
ATTEST: L. CUTTING, Secretary. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES: 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 
ATTEST: J. BISSET, Secretary. 



CANON I. Of Episcopal Visitation. 

Every bishop in this Church shall visit the churches within his diocese 
or district, for the purposes of examining the state of his Church, inspect 
ing the behaviour of the Clergy, and administering the apostolic rite of 
Confirmation. And it is deemed proper that sach visitations be made 
once in three years at least, by every bishop to every church within his 
diocese or district, which shall make provision for defraying the necessary 
expenses of the bishop at such visitation. And it is hereby declared to 
be the duty of the minister and vestry of every church or congregation, 
to make such provision accordingly. 

The bishop of any diocese or State district may, on the invitation of 
the Convention or Standing Committee of the church in any State where 
there is not a bishop, visit and perform the episcopal offices in that State, 
or part of the State, as the case may be, provision being made for defraying 
his expenses as aforesaid: and such State, or part of a State, shall be 



24G APPENDIX. [1799. 

considered as annexed to the district or diocese of such bishop, until a 
bishop is duly elected and consecrated for such State, or until the invita 
tion given by the Convention or Standing Committee be revoked. But it 
is to be understood, that to enable the Bishop to make the aforesaid visi 
tations, it shall be the duty of the clergy, in such reasonable rotation as 
may be devised, to officiate for him in any parochial duties which belong 
to him. And no State shall proceed to the election or appointment of a 
bishop, unless there be at least six presbyters residing and officiating 
therein, a majority of whom, at least, shall concur in such election. But 
the Conventions of two or more States, having together nine or more set 
tled and officiating presbyters, may associate, and join in the election of a 
bishop. 

The Third Canon of the year 1789 is hereby rescinded. 

CANON II. Of the Testimonials to be produced on the part 
of those who are to be Ordained. 

Every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended to the Bishop 
by a Standing Committee appointed by the Convention of the church in 
that State wherein he resides, which recommendation shall be signed by 
the names of a majority of the Committee, and shall be in the following 
words : 

We, whose names are hereunder written, testify that A. B. hath laid 
before us satisfactory testimonials, that for the space of three years last 
past, he hath lived piously, soberly, and honestly : and hath not written, 
taught, or held, any thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. And, moreover, we think him a person worthy 
to be admitted to the sacred order of . . . In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands, this . . . day of ... in the year of 
our Lord 

But before a Standing Committee in any State shall proceed to recom 
mend any candidate, as aforesaid, to the Bishop, such candidate shall 
produce from the minister and vestry of the parish where he resides, or 
from the vestry alone if the parish be vacant, or if there be no vestry, 
from at least twelve respectable persons of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the neighbourhood in which he resides, testimonials of his 

food morals and orderly conduct for three years last past, and that he 
as not, so far as they know and believe, written, taught, or held any 
thing contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church ; a publication of his intention to apply for Holy Orders having 
been previously made by such minister or vestry. He shall also lay before 
the Standing Committee, testimonials to the same effect, signed by at least 
one respectable clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, from his personal knowledge of the candidate for at least 
one year. 

In every State in which there is no Standing Committee, such Com 
mittee shall be appointed at its next ensuing Convention; and in the 
mean time, every candidate for Holy Orders shall be recommended ac 
cording to the regulations or usage of the Church in each State, and 
the requisitions of the bishop to whom he applies. 

The 6th Canon, passed in October, 1789, concerning the testimonials 
to be produced on the part of those who are to be ordained, and so much 



1799.] APPENDIX. 247 

of the 4th Canon passed in 1792, as relates to the subject of this Canon, 
are hereby rescinded. 

CANON III. Of the Age of those who are to be Ordained 
or Consecrated. 

Deacon's Orders shall not be conferred on any person until he shall be 
twenty-one years old, nor Priest's Orders on any one until he shall be 
twenty-four years old; and unless he shall have been a Deacon one 
year. No man shall be consecrated a bishop of this Church until he 
shall be thirty years old. 

The 4th Canon of the year 1789 is hereby rescinded. 

CANON IV. Of the Learning of those who are to be 
Ordained. 

No person shall be ordained in this Church until he shall have satisfied 
the Bishop and the two Presbyters by whom he shall be examined, that 
he is well acquainted with the Holy Scriptures, can read the New Testa 
ment in the original Greek, and give an account of his faith in the Latin 
tongue ; and that he hath a competent knowledge of natural and moral 
philosophy and church history, and hath paid attention to composition 
and pulpit eloquence as means of giving additional efficacy to his la 
bours; [unless the bishop shall judge it proper to dispense with the above 
requisites in part, in consideration of certain other qualifications in the 
candidate, peculiarly fitting him for the Gospel ministry.] 

The 7th Canon of the year 1789 is hereby rescinded. 

N.B. The last clause of this Canon, marked thus [ ], was repealed by 
the 4th Canon of 1799. 

CANON V. Of the Officiating of Ministers of this Church in 
the Churches or within the Parochial Cures of other Cler 
gymen. 

No clergyman belonging to this Church shall officiate, either by preach 
ing or reading prayers, in the parish, or within the parochial cure of an 
other clergyman, unless he have received express permission for that pur 
pose, from the minister of the parish or cure, or in his absence, from the 
church wardens and vestrymen, or trustees of the congregation. But if 
any minister of a church shall, from inability or any other cause, neglect 
to perform the regular services to his congregation, and shall refuse his 
consent to any other minister of this Church to officiate within his cure, 
the church wardens, vestrymen, or trustees of such congregation shall, on 
proof gf such neglect and refusal before the bishop of the diocese, or, if 
there be no bishop, before the Standing Committee, or before such persons 
as may be deputed by him or them, or before such persons as may be, by 
the regulations of this Church in any State, vested with the power of 
hearing and. deciding on complaints against clergymen, have power to 
open the doors of their churches to any regular minister of the Protes 
tant Episcopal Church. 

The 6tb Canon of 1792 is hereby rescinded. 



248 APPENDIX. [1799. 

CANON VI. Of the Preparatory Exercises of a Candidate 
for the Ministry. 

Every candidate for the ministry shall give notice of his intention to 
the bishop, or to such body as the Church in the State in which the candi 
date resides, may have appointed to superintend the instruction of candi 
dates for Holy Orders, at least one year before his ordination. And if 
there be a bishop within the State or district where the candidate resides, 
he shall apply to no other bishop for ordination, without the permission 
of the former. And the said candidate shall pass through the preparatory 
exercises which the bishop, or such body aforesaid, may appoint: such as 
composing of theses, homilies or sermons, one or more, to be delivered 
either publicly or privately, in his or their presence, at such time or times 
as may be appointed by the authority aforesaid. And this Canon shall be 
in force from and after the first day of January next. 

CANON VII. For the better accomplishing of the Objects 
of the Sixth Canon of 1792. 

Whereas there is no provision made in the 6th Canon of 1792, for the 
case of such a vicinity of two or more churches, as that there can be no 
local boundaries drawn between their respective cures, it is hereby ordained 
that, in every such case, no minister of this Church, other than the pa 
rochial clergy of the said cures, shall pre.ach within the common limits of 
the same, in any other place than in one of the churches thereof, without 
the consent of the major number of the parochial clergy of the said 
churches. 

CANON VIII.' To prevent a Congregation in any Diocese or 
State to unite with a Church in any other Diocese or 
State. 

Whereas a question may arise, whether a congregation within the di 
ocese of any bishop, or within any State in which there is not yet any 
bishop settled, may unite themselves with the Church in any other dio 
cese or State, it is hereby determined and declared, that all such unions 
shall be considered as irregular and void ; and that every congregation 
of this Church shall be considered as belonging to the body of the Church 
of the diocese, or of the State, within the limits of which they dwell or with 
in which there is seated a Church to which they belong. And no clergy 
man having a parish or cure in more than one State, shall have a seat in 
the Convention of any State, other than that in which he resides. 

CANON IX. To empower the Bishop in each Diocese or 
District to compose Forms of Prayer or Thanksgiving for 
extraordinary occasions. 

The bishop of each diocese or district may compose forms of prayer or 
thanksgiving, as the case may require, for extraordinary occasions, and 
transmit them to each clergyman within his diocese or district, whose 
duty it shall be to use such forms in his church on such occasions. And 



1799.] APPENDIX. 249 

the Clergy in those States in which there is no Bishop, may use the forms 
of prayer or thanksgiving composed by the Bishop of any other State. 
Done in Convention, and signed by order of the House of Bishops. 
WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 
WILLIAM SMITH, D.D., 
PRESIDENT OF THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



CLAJVOISTS 

CANON I. Of the mode of calling Special Meetings of the 
General Convention. 

The right of calling special meetings of the General Convention shall 
be in the Bishops. This right shall be exercised by the presiding bishop, 
or, in the case of his death, by the Bishop who, according to the rules of 
the House of Bishops, is to preside at the next General Convention ; pro 
vided that the summons shall be with the consent, or on the requisition of 
a majority of the Bishops expressed to him in writing. 

The place of holding any special Convention shall be that fixed on by 
the preceding General Convention, for the meeting of the next General 
Convention, unless circumstances, to be judged of by the Bishops, shall 
render a meeting at such place unsafe ; in which case, the Bishops shall 
appoint some other place. 

CANON II. Of the Consecration of Bishops in the recess 
of the General Convention. 

If, during the recess of the General Convention, the Church in any 
State should be desirous of the consecration of a Bishop, the Standing 
Committee of the Church in such State may, by their president, or by some 
other person or persons specially appointed, communicate the desire to the 
Standing Committees of the churches in the different States, together 
with copies of the necessary testimonials ; and if the major number of 
the Standing Committees shall consent to the proposed consecration, the 
Standing Committee of the State concerned may communicate the evi 
dences of such consent, together with the other testimonials, to any three 
Bishops of this Church, who may thereon proceed to the consecration. 
The evidences of the consent of the different Standing Committees shall 
be in the form prescribed for the General Convention in the 2d Canon 
of 1789. And without the aforesaid requisites, no consecration shall 
take place during the recess of the General Convention. 

CANON III. Explanatory of part of the 1st Canon of 

1795. 

No clergyman employed by the year, or for any limited time, shall be 
considered as a regularly officiating and resident Minister of the Church 
in any State, for the purpose expressed in the two concluding sentences 
of the 1st Canon of 1795, entitled, "A Canon concerning Episcopal Vi 
sitation." 



250 APPENDIX. [1799. 

CANON IV. Repealing in part the 4th Canon of 1795, con 
cerning the "Learning of those who are to be ordained." 

Whereas, by the Canon of 1795, entitled " Of the learning of those 
who are to be ordained," a power is vested in the Bishops of dispensing 
with certain enumerated requisites in part, which power is not only too 
indefinitely expressed, but may be abused ; so much therefore of the said 
Canon as authorises Bishops to dispense with any of the qualifications 
required in candidates for Holy Orders, is hereby repealed. 

BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS: 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 

BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES: 

WILLIAM SMITH, PRESIDENT. 



2E frager, 



To be used at the Meetings of the Convention. 

Almighty and everlasting God, who, by thy Holy Spirit, didst preside 
in the Council of the blessed Apostles, and hast promised, through thy 
Son Jesus Christ, to be with thy Church to the end of the world : We be 
seech thee to be present with the Council of thy Church here assembled 
in thy name and presence. Save them from all error, ignorance, pride, 
and prejudice; and of thy great mercy vouchsafe, we beseech thee, so to 
direct, sanctify, and govern us in our present work, by the mighty power 
of the Holy Ghost, that the comfortable Gospel of Christ may be truly 
preached, truly received, and truly followed, in all places, to the breaking 
down the kingdom of sin, satan, and death ; till at length the whole of 
thy dispersed sheep, being gathered into one fold, shall become partakers 
of everlasting life, through the merits and death of Jesus Christ our 
Saviour. Amen. 



EM of lljp 



OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

In the different States, 1799. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Rev. Joseph Willard, rector of St. John's church, Portsmouth. 

Rev. Robert H. Fowle, rector of church, Haldernesse. 

Rev. Daniel Barber, Rector of church, Clairmont. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Right Rev. Edward Bass, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. W. W. Wheeler, rector of church, Scituate. 

Rev. William Walter, D.D., rector of Christ Church, Boston. 
Rev. Samuel Parker, D.D., Rector of Trinity church, Boston. 
Rev. John Sylvester J. Gardner, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, 
Boston. 

Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, rector of church, Salem. 

Rev. William Harris, rector of St. Michael's church, Marblehead. 

Rev. Wm. Montague, rector of church, Deedham. 

Rev. Daniel Burhams, rector of church, Lanesborough. 

Rev. Ezra Bradlee, rector of church, Barrington. 

Rev. James Bowers, deacon, Pittston. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. Abraham Lynsen Clarke, rector of St. John's church, Providence. 
Rev. John Usher, rector of St. Michael's church, Bristol. 
Rev. Joseph Warren, rector of St. Paul's church, North Kingstown. 
Rev. Theodore Dehon, deacon, rector of Trinity church, Newport. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Jeremiah Learning, residing at New Haven. 

(251) 



252 APPENDIX. [1799. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Eev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Jeremiah Learning, residing at New Haven. 

Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Principal of the Episcopal Academy at Che 
shire. 
Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church at Derby, and of 

the Churches of Oxford and Great Hill. 
Rev. Bela Hubbard, Trinity church, New Haven, and Christ church, 

West Haven. 
Rev. John Tyler, Christ church, Norwich. 

Rev. Daniel Fogg, rector of church, Pomphret 

Rev. William Smith, D.D., rector of St. Paul's church, Norwalk. 
Rev. Philo Shelton, rector of Trinity church, Stratfield, St. John's, Fair- 
field, and a church in Weston. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, rector of Christ church, Stratford, and Trinity 

church, Trumbul. 
Rev. Chauncey Prindle, rector of Christ church, Watertown, and St. 

Peter's, Plymouth. 
Rev. Reuben Ives, rector of St. Peter's church, Cheshire, and the churches 

at Hamden and Southington. 
Rev. Tillotson Brownson, rector of St. Peter's church at Waterbury, and 

of the churches at Salem. 
Rev. Truman Marsh, rector of St. John's church, New Milford, and the 

churches of Roxbury and New Preston. 
Rev. Ambrose Todd, rector of St. Andrew's church, Symsbury, and St. 

Peter's church, Granby. 

Rev. Solomon Blakesley, rector of St. Stephen's church in East Haddam. 
Rev. Seth Hart, rector of St. Paul's church, Wallingsford, and a church 

in Berlin. 

Rev. Charles Seabury, rector of St. James's church, New London. 
Rev. Smith Miles, rector of the churches at Chatham & Middle Haddam. 
Rev. David Butler, rector of Christ church, Reading, and the church at 

Ridgefield. 
Rev. Alexander V. Grisvrold, rector of St. Matthew's church, Bristol, St. 

Mark's, Harwington, and a church in Northfield. 
Rev. William Green, rector of St. John's, Seabrook. 
Rev. Calvin White, Deacon, St. John's church, Stamford, and a church 

at Horseneck. 

Rev. Evan Rogers, Deacon, the churches of Hebron and Pomphret. 
Rev. Bethel Judd, Deacon. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 
York. 

Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 
York. 

Rev. John Bisset, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New York. 

Rev. Thomas Ellison, rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 

Rev. Ammi Rogers, rector of Christ church, Battstown, St. James's, Mil 
ton, St. John's, Stillwater, and Trinity church, Waterford. 

Rev. Robert. G. Wetmore, rector of St. George's church, Schenectady, 
and Christ church, Duanesborough. 



1799.] APPENDIX. 253 

Rev. John Urquhart, rector of St. John's church, Johnstown, and 

church, Fort Hunter. 

Rev. Richard C. Moore, rector of St. Andrew's church, Staten Island. 
Rev. Elias Cooper, rector of St. John's church, Philipsburgh. 
Rev. Theodosius Bartow, rector of Trinity church, New Rochelle. 
Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, rector of Grace church, Jamaica, and St. 

George's, Flushing. 

Rev. John Ireland, rector of St. Anne's church, Brooklyn. 
Rev. Frederick Van Home, rector of St. Andrew's church, in Ulster 

county. 

Rev. Amos Pardee, rector of church, Hampton. 

Rev. Philander Chase, Missionary of the Protestant Episcopal church in 

the State of New York. 

Rev. Samuel Nesbit, resident minister in New York. 
Rev. John J. Sands, Minister of the churches in Islop and Brookhaven. 
Rev. Samuel Haskill, rector of Christ church in Rye. 
Rev. Henry Van Dyke, rector of St. James's church, Newtown. 
Rev. Daniel Nash, Minister of the churches in Otsego. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., rector of St. Mary's church, in Bur 
lington. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., rector of Trinity church, Newark. 
Rev. Henry Waddell, rector of St. Michael's church, Trenton. 
Rev. John Croes, rector of Trinity church, Swedesborough. 
Rev. Menzies Rayner, rector of St. John's church, Elizabethtown. 
Rev. Andrew Fowler, rector of St. Peter's church, Spotswood. 
Rev. John Henry Hobart, Deacon of Christ church, New Brunswick. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., rector of St. Paul's church, in the city of 
Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, rector of the Episcopal churches of York and Hun 
tingdon. 

Rev. Slator Clay, rector of St. David's, Radnor; St. Peter's in the Valley, 
and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson, rector of St. James's, Lancaster, and of Pequea 
and Carnarvon, Lancaster county. 

Rev. Robert Ayres, rector of Emanuel church and St. Peter's church, in 
Washington and Fayette counties. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland county. 

Rev. Joseph Turner, rector of St. Paul's church, Chester, and St. Mar 
tin s, Marcus Hook. 



254 APPENDIX. [1799. 

Rev. Caleb Hopkins, rector of Christ church, Deny Township, and Christ 
church, Turbut township, Northumberland county. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Washington county. 

Rev. James Abercrombie, Assistant Minister of Christ church and St. 
Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Absalom Jones (a black man), Deacon in the African church of St. 
Thomas's, Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Emannel church, New Castle. 
Rev. Walter C. Gardiner, Christ church, Dover. 
Rev. William Pryce, Christ church, Kent county. 
Rev. James Wiltbank, St. Peter's church, Sussex. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Charles Smoot, rector of William and Mary parish, St. Mary's. 

Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, St. Mary's. 

Rev. John Weems, Port Tobacco, Charles. 

Rev. Mr. , William and Mary, Charles. 

Rev. Hatch Dent, Trinity, Charles. 

Rev. Edward Grant, Jun., Christ church, Calvert. 

Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, All Saints, Calvert. 

Rev. Francis Walker, residing in Calvert. 

Rev. George Ralph, rector of Queen Ann's parish, St. George's county.(l) 

Rev. John Mesinger, St. John's, Prince George's county. 

Rev. Andrew M'Cormick, Washington, Prince George's county, 

Rev. Clement Brook, residing in Prince George's county. 

Rev. Walter D. Addison, residing in Prince George's county. 

Rev. John W. Compton, St. James', Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Ralph Higinbothom, St. Anne's, Anne Arundel. 

Rev Owen F. Magrath, residing in Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Henry Moscrop, residing in Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's, Montgomery.(l) 

Rev. William Swan, St. Peter's, Montgomery. 

Rev. EJward Gantt, residing in Montgomery. 

Rev. George Bower, rector of All Saints, Frederick. 

Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, and Rev. John Ireland, associate rectors of Sk 

Paul's, Baltimore. 

Rev. John Coleman, St. Thomas's, Baltimore. 
Rev. John Allen, St. George's, Harford. 
Rev. Jeremiah Cosden, St. Stephen's, Cecil. 
Rev. George Dashiell, Shrewsbury. 
Rev Archibald Walker, D.D., Chester, Kent. 
Rev. Colin Ferguson, D.D., residing in Kent county. 
Rev. William Duke, residing in Kent. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., St. Luke's, Queen Anne's. 
Rev. Elisha Rigg, St. Paul's, Queen Anne's. (1) 
Rev. Joseph Jackson, St. Peter's, Talbot. 



3799.] APPENDIX. 255 

Rev. John Bowie, D.D., St. Michael's, Talbot. 

Rev. James Kemp, Great Choptank parish, Dorchester county. (1) 

Rev. Joshua Reece, Stepney, Somerset. 

Rev. Thomas Scott, Somerset, Somerset. 

Rev. Isaac Foster, Coventry, Somerset. (1) 

Rev. Samuel Sloan, residing in Somerset. 

Rev. David Ball, Rector of All Hallows parish, Worcester. (1) 

Rev. Samuel Tingeley, Worcester, Worcester. 

(1) Members of the Standing Committee this year. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Charles O'Neill, rector of Amherst parish. 
Rev. Alexander Hay, rector of Antrim parish. 
Rev. Devereux Jarratt, rector of Bath parish. 
Rev. Samuel Gray, Botetourt parish. 
Rev. Hugh Corran Boggs, rector of Berkeley parish. 
Rev. Benjamin Brown, rector of Brisland parish. 
Rev. Andrew Syme, rector of Bristol parish. 

Rev. John Cameron, D.D., rector of 

Rev. Alexander M'Farland, rector of Brunswick parish. 

Rev. Henry Spiering. 

Rev. John Bracken, D.D., rector of Bruton parish. 

Rev. John Camm, rector of Charles parish. 

Rev. Henry Heffernen, Christ church. 

Rev. James Elliott, rector of Cople parish. 

Rev. Needier Robinson, rector of Dale parish. 

Rev. Spence Grayson, rector of Dettingen parish. 

Rev. Jesse Carter, rector of Drysdale parish. 

Rev. Daniel M'Naughton, Christ church. 

Rev. John J. Spoon er, Elizabeth city parish. 

Rev. James Whitehead, rector of Elizabeth river parish. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Fairfax parish. 

Rev. Alexander Balmain, rector of Frederick parish. 

Rev. John V. Weylie, Lecturer, Frederick. 

Rev. Matthew Maury, rector of Fredericksville parish. 

Rev. James Craig, rector of Hamilton parish. 

Rev. John Buchanan, D.D., rector of Henrico parish. 

Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey, D.D., rector of Hangars parish. 

Rev. James Thompson, rector of Leeds parish. 

Rev. Charles Crawford, rector of Lexington parish. 

Rev. William Crawford, Lexington parish. 

Rev. James Dickinson, Littleton. 

Rev. George Young, Lunenburg. 

Rev. Anthony Walke, rector of Lynhaven parish. 

Rev. John Dunn, Manchester. 

Rev. William Hubard, rector of Newport parish. 

Rev. Jacob Keeling, Nansemond. 

Rev. Robert Buchan, rector of Overwharton parish. 

Rev. Arthur Emerson, rector of Portsmouth parish. 

Rev. John Brunskill, rector of Raleigh parish. 

Rev. Alexander Lundie, rector of St. Andrew's parish. 

Rev. John Matthews, St. Bride's parish. 



256 APPENDIX. [1799. 

Rev. Reuben Clopton, 

Rev. Cave Jones, St. George's parish. 

Rev. James Stevenson, rector of St. George's parish. 

Rev. Charles Hopkins, rector of St. James, Northam parish. 

Rev. James Price, rector of St. John's parish. 

Rev. Thomas Hughes, rector of St. David's. 

Rev. Archibald Dick, rector of St. Margaret's parish. 

Rev. John Woodville, St. Mark's parish. 

Rev. Abner Waugh, rector of St. Mary's parish. 

Rev. William Stewart, rector of St. Paul's parish. 

Rev. John Parsons, . 

Rev. John Seward, St. Stephen's parish. 

Rev. John Hyde Saunders, rector of Southam parish. 

Rev. Samuel Butler, rector of Southwark parish. 

Rev. Samuel Chapin, rector of Westover parish. 

Rev. James Evans, Yorkhampton. 

Rev. John O'Donnel, rector of Hampshire parish. 

Rev. Lee Massey, rector of Truro parish. 

Rev. Armistead Smith, Matthews. 

Rev. John C. Brockenboroug, Washington. 

Rev. Duncan M'Naughton, Wicomico. 

Rev. Joseph Wilson : 

Rev. Stephen Johnson : 

Rev. John Wade: 

Rev. Cornelius Carvert Cures not known. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
The Right Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Thomas Frost, St. Philip's. 

Rev. Hev. Henry Purcell, D.D., St. Michael's, Charleston. 
Rev. Edward Jenkins, St. Michael's, Charleston. 

Rev. Milwood Pogson, St. James's, Goose Creek, St. George's, Dorchester. 
Rev. Peter M. Parker, St. John's, Berkley. 
Rev. John Thompson, St. Thomas's. 

Rev. Thomas Mills, St. Andrew's, James' Island, St. Andrew's, Main. 
Rev. Edmund Matthews, St. John's, Edisto. 
Rev. Mr. Nixon, St. Bartholomew's. 
Rev. Thomas D. Bladen, St. James', Santee. 
Rev. James Connor, St. Stephen's. 
Rev. George H. Spierin, Prince George's. 
Rev. John O'Donnel, All Saints. 
Rev. Hugh Frazier, Prince Frederick's. 

Residents in the State without cures : 
Rev. Dr. Gates. 

Rev. Mr. Cotton, Teacher in Charleston College. 
Rev. Mr. M'Culley, Master of an Academy, Beaufort. 
Rev. Mr. Blackwall. 
Rev. Mr. Best, Master of an Academy, Charleston. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OF THE 



(Ipisrojm! (Jljiirrlj 



IN 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IK 



THE CITY OF TKENTON, IN NEW JERSEY, FROM TUESDAY, 
SEPTEMBER 8, TO SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1801. 
VOL. I. 17 (257) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 
Rev. Samuel Parker, D.D. 
Rev. William Harris. 

FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin. 
Rev. Philo Shelton. 
Rev. Evan Rogers. 
James Clark, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 
Rev Abraham Beach, D.D. 
Rev. Isaac Wilkins. 
Rev. John Ireland. 
Rev. John Henry Hobart. 
John Read, Esq. 
William Ogden, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 
Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D. 
Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D. 
Colonel Samuel Ogden. 
Matthias Williamson, Jun., Esq. 
John Dennis, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
Rev. William Smith, D.D. 
Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 
Rev. Robert Clay. 
Rev. William Pryce. 
Joseph Burn, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 
Rev. James Kemp. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend. 
Rev. John Coleman. 
Rev. George Dashiell. 
David Kerr, Esq. 
William Helmsley, Esq. 

(259) 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of (jlpriral anb Hag 



TRENTON, STATE OF NEW JERSEY, 
ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH, Sept. 8, 1801. 

SUFFICIENT number of Clerical and Lay Deputies to 
form a quorum not appearing, the members present 
adjourned to meet at the Church to-morrow morning 
at 9 o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 1801. 

The house met, and the Rev. Mr. Ireland read prayers. 

The members then adjourned to the State House, when a 
sufficient number of Clerical and Lay Deputies to form a 
house appearing, and a quorum being formed, the house pro 
ceeded to the appointment, by ballot, of a President, and a 
majority of votes was found for the Rev. Abraham Beach, 
D.D. The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin was appointed Secretary 
and Chaplain to the Convention. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Parker and William Ogden, 
Esq., inform the House of Bishops, that the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies is formed and ready to proceed to 
business. 

Resolved, That the rules of order established by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the three preceding 
Conventions, be adopted by this house. 

(261) 



262 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

The Rev. Samuel Parker, D.D., and the Rev. William 
Harris, Clerical deputies from Massachusetts ; the Rev. Ash- 
hel Baldwin, Rev. Philo Shelton, and Rev. Evan Rogers, 
Clerical deputies, and James Clarke, Esq., Lay deputy from 
Connecticut; the Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Rev. Isaac 
Wilkins, Rev. John Ireland, and Rev John Henry Hobart, 
Clerical deputies, and John Read and William Ogden, Esqs., 
Lay deputies from New York; the Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., 
Clerical deputy, and Col. Samuel Ogden and John Dennis, 
Esq., Lay deputies from New Jersey; the Rev. William 
Smith, D.D., and Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Clerical 
deputies from Pennsylvania ; the Rev. James Kemp, Clerical 
deputy, and David Kerr, Esq., Lay deputy from Maryland, 
delivered in, at the Secretary's table, certificates of their ap 
pointment, which were read, and determined to be satis 
factory. 

Dr. Parker proposed the following resolution, which was 
adopted, viz., That during the Session of the present Con 
vention, they shall meet each day at 9 o'clock, A.M., and ad 
journ at 1 o'clock P.M., and meet again at 4 o'clock, P.M. 

Dr. Parker was requested by this house to give information 
to the House of Bishops of the foregoing resolution, who re 
ported that they acceded to the same. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach presented the testimonial required by 
the Canons, from the State Convention of New York, in fa 
vour of the Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., the Bishop elect of 
that State. 

On motion, the following message was sent by the Rev. 
Mr. Hobart to the House of Bishops: "The House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies wish to know from the House of Bish 
ops, whether they have received any communication from 
Bishop Provoost, on the subject of his resignation of his 
Episcopal jurisdiction in the State of New York." 

A communication was received from the House of Bishops, 
on the subject of the foregoing message from this house. 

The house then proceeded to sign the testimonial required 
by the Canons in favour of the Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., 
Bishop elect of the State of New York; which, together 
with the testimonial from the State Convention of New York, 
was ordered to be presented to the House of Bishops. 

The house then adjourned until 4 o'clock. 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 263 

WEDNESDAY, 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., Clerical deputy from 
the State of New Jersey, and the Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, a 
Clerical deputy from the State of Maryland, presented their 
testimonials, which were approved, and they took their seats 
accordingly. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this house shall be 
read at the opening of the house every morning. 

The question being called for upon the alteration of the 
first Article of the Constitution, as proposed by the last 
General Convention; and the votes being taken by States, 
it was negatived. 

The house then adjourned until 9 o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 



THURSDAY MORNING, Sept. 10. 

The house met according to adjournment, and the Chaplain 
read prayers. 

Matthias Williamson, Jun., Esq., Lay deputy from the 
State of New Jersey; the Rev. Robert Clay and the Rev. 
William Price, Clerical deputies, and Joseph Burn, Esq., Lay 
deputy from the State of Delaware ; the Rev. John Coleman 
and Rev. George Dashiell, Clerical Deputies, and William 
Helmsley, Esq., a Lay deputy from the State of Maryland, 
presented their testimonials, which were read and approved, 
and they took their seats accordingly. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they had read and approved the tes 
timonials in favour of the Rev. Dr. Benjamin Moore, Bishop 
elect of the State of New York, and had appointed to-mor 
row morning, 10 o'clock, for his consecration. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Mr. Bend inform the 
House of Bishops, that this house will attend the consecra 
tion of the Rev. Dr. Moore at the appointed time. 

On motion of the Rev. Dr. Wharton, Resolved, That 
the following addition be made to the 4th Canon of 1799, 
viz., " Unless when such candidate come recommended by 
the General Convention." 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton was requested to carry the fore 
going resolution to the House of Bishops for their concur 
rence. 



264 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

The following resolution was moved by Mr. Kerr. 

Whereas the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, held 
at Philadelphia in June, 1799, resolved that all proceedings re 
specting the consecration of the Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., 
ought to be suspended until a future Convention of the State 
of New Jersey shall declare their sense of the subject; 

Resolved, That the proceedings and declaration of the 
State Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in New 
Jersey, on the subject to them referred, be read, and that 
the testimonials of this house, requisite on such occasions, be 
given by this house. 

The proceedings of the State Convention of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in New Jersey, respecting the election 
of Dr. Ogden as Bishop for that State, were accordingly read 
and fully considered; and the question upon signing the re 
quisite testimonial being taken by States, it was negatived. 

Adjourned to 4 o'clock this evening. 

THURSDAY, 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. 

A communication from the House of Bishops, respecting 
the Articles of religion, was read; 

And, on motion, a Committee, consisting of a Clerical 
member from each State, viz., Dr. Parker, Mr. Baldwin, 
Mr. Wilkins, Dr. Ogden, Dr. Smith, Mr. Clay, and Mr. 
Kemp, were appointed to take into consideration the forego 
ing communication from the House of Bishops, and were or 
dered to report to this house to-morrow. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, disa 
greeing to the resolution of this house, making an addition 
to the fourth Canon of 1799, and proposing instead thereof, 
that the fourth Canon of 1795 be revived, with the following 
addition, viz., " In which case the "Bishop shall record the 
reasons of the aforesaid dispensation ; and the reasons so re 
corded shall be liable to be called for at any meeting of the 
State Convention, and if said Convention think proper, shall 
be entered on their Journals" the fourth Canon of 1799 to 
be repealed. 

This house disagreed to the proposed substitute from the 
House of Bishops to their resolution, and requested a con 
ference. Dr. Parker, Rev. Mr. Wilkins, and Rev.Mr. Kemp, 
were appointed a Committee on the part of this house; and 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 265 

the Rev. Mr. Hobart was requested to inform the House of 
Bishops thereof. 

The following resolution was received from the House of 
Bishops, and agreed to by this house, viz. 

Resolved, That it be made known to the State Conven 
tions, that it is proposed to consider and determine, in the 
next General Convention, on the following alteration of the 
first Article of the Constitution, viz. 

" Article I. There shall be a General Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, on the third Tuesday of May, 1808, and on the third 
Tuesday of May every third year afterwards," etc. as before. 

A proposed Canon was received from the House of Bish 
ops, respecting those persons who shall discontinue, without 
lawful cause, all exercise of the ministerial office ; which was 
considered by this house, and agreed to. 

On motion, Resolved, That the following clause be added 
to the sixth rule of order "without the consent of two- 
thirds of the house." 

On motion of Mr. Kerr, Resolved, That the Presiding 
Bishop in the House of Bishops be requested to appoint a 
clergyman of this house to perform divine service, and preach 
a sermon every evening during the present Session. 

On motion of the Rev. Mr. Bend, Resolved, That it be 
recommended to the several State Conventions of this Church 
to cause as great a number as possible of the Constitution 
and Canons of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Uni 
ted States, and of the Constitutions and Canons of their re 
spective churches, to be printed and distributed among their 
respective congregations. 

The foregoing resolution was transmitted to the House of 
Bishops, and a message was received from them, informing 
this house that they had concurred in the same. 

The Rev. Mr. Rogers, from Connecticut, asked leave of 
absence during the remainder of the Session, which was 
granted. 

The Rev. Mr. Ireland, from the State of New York, asked 
leave of absence during the remainder of the session; granted. 

Adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, Sept. 11. 
The House met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 



266 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

The Rev. Mr. Harris, from Massachusetts, asked leave of 
absence during the remainder of the Session, which was 
granted. 

The house then adjourned to attend divine service at St. 
Michael's Church, Trenton, on occasion of the consecration 
of the Rev. Dr. Moore, Bishop elect of the church in New 
York. 

After divine service, the house met at 4 o'clock, P.M. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the Right Rev. Bishop White, for his Sermon 
delivered this day, at the consecration of the Rev. Dr. 
Moore, and that he be requested to furnish a copy of the 
same for publication. 

A proposed Canon was received from the House of Bish 
ops, limiting the operation of the 4th Canon of 1795. 

The foregoing Canon was adopted with an amendment. 

The Rev. Dr. Parker, Rev. Mr. Shelton, and James Clark, 
Esq., were appointed a Committee to consider certain me 
morials presented to this house from Churches in New Hamp 
shire and Vermont, and to report thereon. 

The Committee appointed to consider the communication 
from the House of Bishops, respecting the Articles of relig 
ion, made a report, which was unanimously adopted, and 
sent to the House of Bishops for their concurrence. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilkins presented the following proposed 
Canon. 

" No Lay deputy shall be admitted as a member of this 
house, who shall not have beSn a communicant of the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church for at least one year previous to his 
appointment." 

The question was taken by States on the foregoing Canon, 
and the Yeas and Nays were as follows: 

CLERGY Massachusetts, No; Connecticut, Yea; New 
York, Yea; New Jersey, No; Pennsylvania, No; Dela 
ware, No; Maryland, No. 

LAITY Connecticut, No; New York, Yea; Delaware, No; 
Maryland, No. 

So it was determined in the negative. 

Resolved, That the Secretaries of the former Conventions 
and the Secretaries of the present Convention, be requested 
to transmit all the papers to the Committee who were ap 
pointed for the purpose of arranging and recording the Jour 
nals of the General Convention ; and when these papers are 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 267 

recorded, they shall be deposited with the Bishop of this 
Church in Pennsylvania, to be transmitted to the next Gen 
eral Convention. 

The House of Bishops informed this house, that they had 
concurred in the amendment proposed by this house, to the 
proposed Canon limiting the operation of the 4th Canon of 
1795. 

Adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, 8 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and the Chaplain read prayers. 

The Committee appointed to consider the memorials from 
certain churches in New Hampshire and Vermont, made the 
following report, which was read, and unanimously adopted, 
viz.: 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. 

It appears from the memorials of certain churches in the western part 
of the state of New Hampshire, and the eastern part of the state of 
Vermont, that, having agreed to and adopted the General Constitution of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, they are desirous 
of forming a junction, and uniting themselves, for the purpose of holding 
Conventions, and effecting a due organization of their churches ; and, on 
account of the impracticability of joining with the other churches in said 
respective states, they are desirous of being considered as a separate dis 
trict. Your Committee are of opinion, that the 8th Canon of 1795 mili 
tates against the wishes of said memorialists, but that their local situa 
tion requires a dispensation from the operation of said Canon, more es 
pecially as many valuable tracts of land have been granted to the Epis 
copal Church in those towns, and others in the vicinity, which land re 
quires the attention of a duly organized Churoh for its preservation and 
improvement. Your Committee are therefore of opinion, that, from their 
peculiar circumstances, they ought to be allowed to put themselves under 
the jurisdiction of a Bishop of one of the neighbouring states, until a 
Bishop shall be duly consecrated and settled in said states, as the only 
measure that can relieve them under their peculiar situation and cir 
cumstances. Signed by order, 

S. PARKER. 

The above report was sent to the House of Bishops, and 
returned with their concurrence. 

The Rev. Mr. Hobart proposed a Canon, prescribing the 
mode of publishing authorized editions of the Common 
Prayer Book, etc., which was read and adopted, and sent to 
the House of Bishops. 



268 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

The House of Bishops returned the foregoing Canon, with 
an amendment, in which this house concurred. 

The House of Bishops also returned to this house the re 
solution respecting the Articles of religion, with amend 
ments, which were read and adopted. 

[For this resolution respecting Articles of religion, as 
agreed to by the House of Bishops and the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, see Appendix.] 

This house adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops, a 
resolution respecting certain spurious editions of the Book 
of Common Prayer. 

The House of Bishops informed this house, that they dis 
agreed to the above named resolution, and proposed another 
as a substitute, which was adopted by this house. 

The Rev. Dr. Smith proposed a Canon, making an addi 
tion to the 1st Canon of 1795, of Episcopal visitation; which 
was read and adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

The House of Bishops informed this house, that they con 
curred in the foregoing Canon. 

On motion of the Rev. Mr. Bend, Resolved, That the 
House of Bishops be requested to consider of and establish 
a course of theological studies, proper for Candidates for 
Holy Orders, and to report the same to the next General 
Convention. 

The House of Bishops concurred in the foregoing resolu 
tion. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Mr. Bend, Rev. 
Mr. Ireland (of Baltimore), Rev. Mr. Kemp, Rev. Mr. Cole- 
man, and Rev. Mr. Dashiell, be appointed a Committee to re 
port to this House, at the next General Convention, such ad 
ditional hymns as they shall think are adapted to Christian 
worship. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Beach, Rev. 
Mr. Hobart, with the Secretary of this house, be a Committee 
on the part of this house, to revise and publish the Journals, 
etc., of this Convention, and also to superintend the printing 
of Bishop White's Sermon, delivered before this Convention. 

Ordered, that 500 copies of the Journals, and the same 
number of the Sermon, be printed. 

On motion, Resolved, That the next meeting of the Gen 
eral Convention be held in the city of New York. 

The House of Bishops concurred in the foregoing resolu 
tion. 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 269 

On motion, Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop Moore 
be requested to preach a Sermon at the opening of the next 
General Convention ; and that the Rev. Mr. Hobart inform 
the House of Bishops of the foregoing resolution, and that 
this house is ready to adjourn. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Mr. Waddell, Se 
cretary of the House of Bishops, be requested to return the 
thanks of this Convention to the Governor, for the use of the 
rooms in the State House. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to their 
President, the Rev. Dr. Beach, and to their Secretary and 
Chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, for their attention and ser 
vices. 

The Rev. Mr. Hobart reported, that the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore would comply with the request of this house, to preach 
a Sermon at the opening of the next General Convention; 
and that the House of Bishops, having no further communi 
cations to make, concurred in the resolution of adjournment. 

The house adjourned sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties. 

ABRAHAM BEACH, PRESIDENT. 

ASHBEL BALDWIN, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



IJOUSP of 



TRENTON, STATE OF NEW JEESEY, 
l( f ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH, Sept. 8, 1801. 

'Ml 9 *'' being the day of the Meeting of the General 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
the Right Rev. Bishop White, of Pennsylvania, 
appeared, and appointed to meet to-morrow, at 9 o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 1801. 

Present as before, together with the Right Rev. Bishop 
Claggett, of Maryland, and the Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, 
of Connecticut. 

The house attended divine service with the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies. 

His Excellency the Governor having granted permission 
to the Convention to meet in the State House, 

Resolved, That this house do adjourn to meet immedi 
ately in the Council Chamber of the same. 

The house met at the State House. 

Some doubt arising in regard to the meaning of the rule 
of this house, in the year 1792 substituted in the place of 
the 1st rule of this house in 1789, Resolved, That until the 
same shall be considered and explained by this house, 
the Right. Rev. Bishop White be requested to preside at the 
present Session. 

(271) 



272 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

The Rev. Henry Waddell was appointed Secretary of this 
house. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Kemp, informing this house 
that they were organized, and ready to proceed to business. 
This house informed them that they were ready for the same. 

A letter was laid before this house from the Right Rev. 
Bishop Provoost, addressed to Bishop White, as follows : 

NEW YORK, SEPT. 7, 1801. 
Right rev. and dear sir: 

I think it my duty to request that, as President of the House of Bish 
ops, you will inform that venerable body, that, induced by ill health, and 
some melancholy occurrences in my family, and an ardent wish to retire 
from all public employment, I resigned, at the last meeting of our Church 
Convention, my jurisdiction as Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the state of New York. 

I am, with great regard, dear and right rev. sir, 

Your affectionate brother, 

SAMUEL PROVOOST. 
Right Rev. Bishop White. 

A message from the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties was read, as follows : " The House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies wish to know from the House of Bish 
ops, whether they have received any communication from 
Bishop Provoost, on the subject of the resignation of his 
Episcopal jurisdiction in the State of New York." 

The House of Bishops having considered the subject 
brought before them by the letter of Bishop Provoost, and 
by the message from the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, touching the same, can see no grounds on which to be 
lieve, that the contemplated resignation is consistent with ec 
clesiastical order, or with the practice of Episcopal churches 
in any ages, or with the tenor of the Office of Consecration. 
Accordingly, while they sympathize most tenderly with theii 
brother Bishop Provoost, on account of that ill health, and 
those melancholy occurrences which have led to the design 
in question, they judge it to be inconsistent with the sacred 
trust committed to them, to recognize the Bishop's act as an 
effectual resignation of his Episcopal jurisdiction. Never 
theless, being sensible of the present exigencies of the church 
of New York, and approving of their making provision for 
the actual discharge of the duties of the Episcopacy, the 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 273 

Bishops of this house are ready to consecrate to the Office of 
a Bishop, any person who may be presented to them with the 
requisite testimonials from the General and State Conven 
tions, and of whose religious, moral, and literary character, 
due satisfaction may be given. But this house must be un 
derstood to be explicit in their declaration, that they shall 
consider such a person as assistant or co-adjutor Bishop dur 
ing Bishop Provoost's life, although competent, in point of 
character, to all the Episcopal duties; the extent in which 
the same shall be discharged by him, to be dependent on such 
regulations as expediency may dictate to the Church in New 
York, grounded on the indisposition of Bishop Provoost, and 
with his concurrence. 

The Secretary not being present, Bishop Jarvis is request 
ed to deliver the above as a message to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, and to furnish that house with a copy 
of Bishop Provoost's letter. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Parker, informing that the 
meetings of that house, during the session, are appointed to 
be at 9 o'clock in the forenoon, and at 4 in the afternoon. 

This house agreed on the same hours, and informed the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies thereof, by the Rev. 
Dr. Parker. 

Adjourned to 4 o'clock, P.M. 

WEDNESDAY, 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The Rev. Henry Waddell took his place as Secretary to 
this house. 

The house agreed on a form and manner of setting forth 
the Articles of religion, and agreed that the same be sent to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for their concur- 
vence; which was done accordingly. 

The house then adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 9 o'clock, A.M. 
The house met. Present as yesterday. 
The testimonial from the Convention of the Church in the 
State of New York, in favour of the Rev. Dr. Benj. Moore, 
VOL. I. 18 



274 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

as Bishop elect of the Church in that State ; and also the 
testimonial from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
now sitting, in favour of the said Dr. Moore; being received 
and read, and found agreeable to the prescribed forms ; 

Resolved, That the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
be informed that the Bishops now present are ready to pro 
ceed to the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Moore, to-morrow 
morning at 10 o'clock. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house by the Rev. Mr. Bend, that they will attend the conse 
cration of the Rev. Dr. Moore at the time appointed. 

This house received, by the Rev. Mr. Bend, a message, as 
follows. 

" The question being taken in the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, upon the following alteration in the 1st Arti 
cle of the Constitution, viz., ' ART. I. There shall be a Gen 
eral Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States of America on the third Tuesday of May, in 
the year of our Lord 1805, and on the third Tuesday of May 
in every fifth year afterwards,' etc. And the votes being 
taken, it was determined in the negative." 

This house Resolved, That it be proposed to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies to propose to the next Gen 
eral Convention, that the first Article of the Constitution 
shall be as follows, viz., " ART. I. There shall be a General 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Uni- 
-ted .States of America, on the third Tuesday in May, 1808, 
and in every third year," etc., as before. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
LayDeputies, by the Rev. Dr. Wharton, proposing an addi 
tion to the 4th Canon of 1799. This house disagreed to the 
said proposal, and instead thereof proposed to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies the revival of, and an addition to, 
that part of the 4th Canon of 1795, which had been repeal 
ed, together with the repeal of the 4th Canon of 1799. 

The house then adjourned to the afternoon. 

THURSDAY, 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. Present as before. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Hobart, informing this house 
that they disagree to the proposal made to them by this 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 275 

house for the revival of, and an addition to, that part of the 
4th Canon of 1795 which had been repealed, together with 
the repeal of the 4th Canon of 1799, and requesting a con 
ference on the subject with this house ; whereupon the Right 
Rev. Bishop Claggett was appointed a Committee on the part 
of this house, to meet and confer with a Committee of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies on the subject afore 
said. 

The house adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 9 o'clock. 
The house met. Present as yesterday. 
The house adjourned, in order to attend the consecration of 
the Bishop elect of the Church in the State of New York. 

FRIDAY, 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met. Present as before. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, with the following 
resolution : 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to the several State 
Conventions of this Church, to cause as great a number as 
possible of the Constitution and Canons of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, and of the Consti 
tutions and Canons of their respective churches, to be print 
ed and distributed among their respective congregations." 

Whereupon, it was Resolved, That this house do concur 
in the aforesaid resolution. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Moore, who was consecrated this 
morning, appeared in the house and took his seat. 

A proposed Canon, limiting the operation of the 4th Ca 
non of 1795, was adopted, and sent to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies for their concurrence. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned the 
above Canon as adopted by them, with an amendment, which 
was agreed to by this house. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Claggett asked and obtained leave 
of absence. 

The house adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



276 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

SATURDAY, September 12. 8 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present, the Right Rev. Bishop White, 
the Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, and the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Smith, with a proposed Canon, 
making an addition to the 1st Canon of 1795. The proposed 
Canon was agreed to by this house. 

This house agreed to a resolution received from the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, respecting Articles of re 
ligion. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies applications from certain churches of New Hamp 
shire and Vermont, respecting certain arrangements on ac 
count of their local circumstances, which papers were ac 
companied with a resolution of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies concerning the same. This house concur 
red in the resolution. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Hobart, a proposed Canon, pre 
scribing the mode of publishing authorised editions of the 
Common Prayer Book, etc.; which Canon this house agreed 
to, with an amendment. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposal, that the next meeting of the Convention 
should be in the city of New York ; in which this house con 
curred. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned the 
amendment of this house to the proposed Canon prescribing 
the mode of publishing authorised editions of the Common 
Prayer Book, etc., with their concurrence. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies sent to this 
house a proposed resolution, requesting this House to consider 
of and establish a course of ecclesiastical studies, proper for 
Candidates for Holy Orders, and to report .the same to the 
next General Convention. 

This house concurred in the foregoing resolution. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed resolution concerning certain spurious 
editions of the Common Prayer, which this house disagreed 
to, and proposed the following as a substitute, viz. 

" Whereas this Convention has received information, that 



1801.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 277 

certain unauthorised books of Common Prayer have been 
published, in which some parts of the authorised book are 
omitted, and other matters added; 

Resolved, That it shall be the duty of every Bishop to 
make inquiry into, and report at every meeting of the Con 
vention, such cases of this sort as may have come within his 
knowledge. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, their concurrence in the foregoing resolution. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed resolve, that the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore be requested to preach a Sermon at the next General 
Convention; which resolve was adopted by this house. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, naming a Committee on their part for re 
vising and publishing the Journals; and the Right Rev. 
Bishop Moore was appointed a Committee on the part of this 
house. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, requesting the Rev. Mr. Waddell, to return 
the thanks of this Convention to the Governor, for the use of 
the rooms in the State House. 

This house concurred in the foregoing resolution. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this house that they are ready to 
adjourn. 

Resolved, That this house are also ready to adjourn. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be returned to 
the Rev. Mr. Waddell, their Secretary, for his attention and 
services. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attest: HENRY WADDELL, Secretary. 



278 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1801. 

THE CERTIFICATE OF THE CONSECRATION OF 
THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP MOORE IS AS FOL 
LOWS. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William White, D.D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsyl 
vania, Presiding Bishop; Thomas John Claggett, D.D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Maryland, and Abraham 
Jarvis, D.D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of 
Connecticut, under the protection of Almighty God, in St. Michael's 
Church, in the city of Trenton, on Friday, the eleventh day of Septem 
ber, in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and one, did 
then and there rightly and canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, 
Benjamin Moore, D.D., Rector of Trinity Church, in the city of New York, 
of whose sufficiency in good learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of 
manners, we were fully ascertained, into the office of Bishop of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the State of New York, to which the said Ben 
jamin Moore, D.D., hath been elected by the Convention of the said 
State, in consequence of the inability -of the Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, 
and of his declining all Episcopal jurisdiction within the said State. 

In testimony whereof we have signed our names and caused our seals 
to be affixed. 

Given in the city of Trenton, this eleventh day of September, in the 
year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and one. 

WILLIAM WHITE. [L. s.] 

THOMAS JOHN CLAGGETT. [L. s.J 
ABRAHAM JARVIS. f L. s.l 



APPENDIX. 



Resolution of the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, in Convention, in the city of Trenton, the 12th day of 
September, in the year of our Lord 1801, respecting Ar 
ticles of Religion. 

The Articles of Religion are hereby ordered to be set forth with the fol 
lowing directions, to be observed in all future editions of the same ; that 
is to say 

The following to be the title, viz. : 

" Articles of Religion, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and 
the Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, in Convention, on the 12th day of September, in the year of 
our Lord 1801." 

The Articles to stand as in the Book of Common Prayer of the Church 
of England, with the following alterations and omissions, viz.: 

In the 8th Article, the word " three" in the title, and the words " three 
Athanasius's creed" in the Article, to be omitted, and the Article to read 
thus: 

" ART. VIII. OF THE CREEDS. 

" The Nicene Creed, and that which is commonly called the Apostles' 
Creed, ought thoroughly to be received and believed, for they may be 
proved by most certain warrants of Holy Scripture." 

Under the title " Article 21," the following Note to be inserted, viz.: 

" The 21st of the former Articles is omitted, because it is partly of a 
local and civil nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining parts of it, 
in other Articles." 

The 35th Article to be inserted with the following note, viz. 

" This Article is received in this Church, so far as it declares the Books 
of Homilies to be an explication of Christian doctrine, and instructive in 
piety and morals. But all references to the constitution and laws of En 
gland are considered as inapplicable to the circumstances of this Church; 
which also suspends the order for the reading of said homilies in churches 
until a revision of them may conveniently be made, for the clearing of 
them, as well from obsolete words and phrases, as from the local refer 
ences." 

(279) 



280 APPENDIX. [1801. 

The 36th Article, entitled " Of Consecration of Bishops and Ministers," 
to read thus: 

" The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and ordering of Priests and 
Deacons, as set forth by the General Convention of this Church in 1792, 
doth contain all things necessary to such consecration and ordering: nei 
ther hath it any thing, that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly : and, 
therefore whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to said form, we 
decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and or 
dered." 

The 37th Article to be omitted, and the following substituted in its 
place : 

" OP THE POWER OF THE ClVIL MAGISTRATE. 

" The power of the civil magistrate extendeth to all men, as well Clergy 
as Laity, in all things temporal but hath no authority in things purely 
spiritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men who are professors 
of the gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil authority, regu 
larly and legitimately constituted." 

ADOPTED BY THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 
ADOPTED BY THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 
ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., PRESIDENT. 



(fanons. 



PASSED 1801. 



CANON I. Respecting tnose who discontinue all exercise of 
the Ministerial Office without lawful cause, etc. 

If any person, having been ordained in this Church, or having been 
otherwise regularly ordained and admitted a minister in this church, shall 
discontinue all exercise of the ministerial office without lawful cause, or 
shall avow that he is no longer a minister of this Church, or shall live in 
the habitual disuse of the public worship, or of the Holy Eucharist, ac 
cording to the offices of this Church such person, on due proof of the 
same, or on his own confession, shall be liable to be degraded from the 
Ministry. 

CANON II. Limiting the operation of the 4th Canon of 

1795. 

The Bishop of this Church, in any State, with the advice and consent 
of all the Clerical members of the Standing Committee of his diocese, 
may dispense with the knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages, and 
other branches of learning not strictly ecclesiastical, which are required 
by the 4th Canon of 1795. 



1801.] APPENDIX. 281 

CANON III. Prescribing the mode of publishing authorised 
editions of the Common Prayer Book, etc. 

The Bishop of this Church, in any state, or where there is no Bishop, 
the standing committee are authorised to appoint, from time to time, 
some suitable person or persons to compare and correct all new editions 
of the Common Prayer Book, Book of Offices, etc., by some standard 
book, and a certificate of their having been so compared and corrected 
shall be published with said books. And in case any edition shall be 
published without such correction, it shall be the duty of the Bishop, or 
where there is no Bishop, of the standing committee, to give public no 
tice that such edition is not authorised by the Church. The Bishop of 
this Church in Pennsylvania is hereby authorised to set forth an edition 
of the Articles of religion, which, when published, shall be the standard 
copy. The octavo edition of the Common Prayer Book, published in 
New York in 1793, by Hugh Gaine, and the quarto edition of the Book 
of Offices, etc., of the same year, published in the same place, are hereby 
established as standard books, with the exception of . errors evidently 
typographical the correction of which errors is confided to such person 
or persons as the Bishop or standing committee may appoint for superin 
tending any publication. 

CANON IV. Making an addition to the 1st Canon of 1795, 
concerning Episcopal Visitation. 

It shall be the duty of every Bishop of this Church to keep a register 
of his proceedings at every visitation of his diocese, and particularly of 
the names and age of the persons confirmed, and to report a copy of 
such register to the House of Bishops, at every triennial meeting of the 
General Convention of this Church, in order that the same may be com 
municated to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to be preserved 
among the general records of the Church. 

The above Canons passed in Convention, September, 1801. 
BY ORDER OP THE HOUSE OP BISHOPS: 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 
By ORDER OF THE HOUSE OP CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES: 
ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., PRESIDENT. 



EisI of fljp (Jlrrgg 



OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

In the different States, 1801. 

Delivered in and published agreeably to the 16th Canon 
of 1789. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Rev. Joseph Willard, rector of St. John's church, Portsmouth. 

Rev. Robert H. Fowle, rector of church, Holdernesse. 

Rev. Daniel Barber, Rector of church, Clermont. 

The list from this State is the same as in the Journal of the last Con 
vention, no new list having been delivered in. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Right Rev. Edward Bass, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. William Willard Wheeler, rector of St. Michael's church, Scituate, 

and St. Peter's, Marshfield. 

Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, rector of St Peter's church, Salem. 
Rev. Samuel Parker, D.D., Rector of Trinity church, Boston. 
Rev. John Sylvester J. Gardner, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, 

Boston. 

Rev. Samuel Haskill, rector of Christ church, Boston. 
Rev. Wm. Montague, rector of St. Paul's church, Deedham, and 

Quincy. 

Rev. William Harris, rector of St. Michael's church, Marblehead. 
Rev. James Bowers, deacon, Pittston. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. John Usher, rector of St. Michael's church, Bristol. 

Rav. Abraham Lynsen Clarke, Assistant Minister of St. Michael's church, 

Bristol. 
Rev. Theodore Dehon, rector of Trinity church, Newport. 

(283) 



284 APPENDIX. [1801. 

Rev. Abraham Branson, Deacon, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, 

Newport. 
Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, Deacon, Providence. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Jeremiah Learning, residing at New Haven. 

Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Principal of the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 
Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church at Derby, and of 

the Churches of Oxford and Great Hill. 
Rev. Bela Hubbard, D.D., Trinity church, New Haven, and Christ church. 

West Haven. 
Rev. John Tyler, rector of Christ church, Norwich. 

Rev. Daniel Fogg, rector of church, Pomfret. 

Rev. Philo Shelton, rector of Trinity church, Fairfield, St. John's, Strat- 

field, and church in Weston. 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, rector of Christ church, Stratford, and Trinity 

church, Trumbul. 
Rev. Chauncey Prindle, rector of Christ church, Watertown, and St. 

Peter's, Plymouth. 
Rev. Reuben Ives, rector of St. Peter's church, Cheshire, and the churches 

of Hamden and Southington. 
Rev. Tillotson Bronson, rector of St. John's church, Waterbury, and 

church, Salem. 

Rev. Truman Marsh, rector of church, Litchfield. 

Rev. Ambrose Todd, rector of St. Panl's church, Huntingdon. 

Rev. Daniel Burhans, rector of Trinity church, Newtown, and 

church, Brookfield. 
Rev. David Butler, rector of Christ church, Reading, and the churches 

of Danbury and Ridgefield. 
Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, rector of St. Matthew's church, Bristol, St. 

Mark's, Harwinston, and church, Norfield. 

Rev. Solomon Blakslee, rector of St. Stephen's church, East Haddam. 
Rev. Charles Seabury, rector of St. James's church, New London. 
Rev. Smith Miles, rector of the churches at Chatham & Middle Haddam. 
Rev. Evan Rogers, rector of St. Peter's, Hebron, and church, Marl- 
borough. 

Rev. Joseph Warren, rector of Christ church, Middletown. 
Rev. William Green, residing in New London. 
Rev. Calvin White, Rector of St. John's, Stamford, and church, 

Horseneck. 

Rev. Menzies Rayner, rector of church, Hartford. 

Rev. Jasper D. Jones, Deacon. 

Rev. Nathan B. Burges, Deacon, officiating at Guilford and North Bristol. 
Rev. Henry Whitlock, Deacon, officiating at Norwalk and Dilton. 
Rev. Bethuel Judd, Deacon, officiating at Woodbury and Roxbury. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Rev. John Henry Hobart, Rev. Cave Jones, 

Assistant Ministers of Trinity church, New York. 
Rev. Thomas Ellison, rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 
Rev. Richard C. Moore, rector of St. Andrew's church, Staten Island. 
Rev. Henry Van Dyke, rector of St. James's church, Newtown. 
Rev. Seth Hart, rector of St. George's church, Hempstead. 



1801.] APPENDIX. 285 

Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, rector of Grace church, Jamaica, and St. 

George's, Flushing. 
Rev. Isaac Wilkins, rector of St. Peter's church, West Chester, and St. 

Paul's church, East Chester. 

Rev. Theodosius Bartow, rector of Trinity church, New Rochelle. 
Rev. John Ireland, rector of St. Anne's church, Brooklyn. 
Rev. Elias Cooper, rector of St. John's church, Yonkers. 
Rev. Frederick Van Home, rector of St. Andrew's church, Orange co. 
Rev. Robert G. Wetmore, rector of St. George's church, Schenectady, 

and Christ church, Duanesborough. 
Rev. John Urquhart, rector of St. John's church, Johnstown, and 

church, Fort Hunter. 
Rev. Philander Chase, rector of Christ church, Poughkeepsie, and Trinity 

church, Fishkill. 

Rev. Gamaliel Thatcher, rector of Christchurch.Balstown, and other churches. 
Rev. Daniel Nash, Rector of the churches in Otsego. 

Rev. Amos Pardee, rector of church, Hampton. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, Rev. William Smith, D.D., Rev. Samuel 

Nesbitt, residing in New York. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., rector of Trinity church, Newark. 
Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., rector of St. Mary's church, Burlington. 
Rev. Henry Waddell, rector of St. Michael's church, Trenton. 
Rev. John Croes, rector of Christ church, New Brunswick. 

Rev. Andrew Fowler, rector of church, Middletown. 

Rev. Frederick Beasley, Deacon, St. John's church, Elizabethtown. 
Rev. Gotten, residing at present in New Brunswick. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. William Smith, D.D. 

Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., rector of St. Paul's church, in the city of 
Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, rector of the Episcopal churches of York and Hun 
tingdon. 

Rev. Slator Clay, rector of St. David's, Radnor; St. Peter's in the Valley, 
and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson, rector of St. James's, Lancaster, church, Pe- 

quea, and church, Carnarvon. 

Rev. Robert Ayres, rector of Emanuel church, Washington county, and 
St. Peter's church, Fayette county. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland county. 

Rev. Joseph Turner, rector of St. Paul's church, Chester, and St. Mar 
tin's, Marcus Hook. 

Rev. Caleb Hopkins, rector of Christ church, Deny Township, and Christ 
church, Turbut township, Northumberland county. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Washington county. 



286 APPENDIX. [1801. 

Rev. James Abercrombie, Assistant Minister of Christ church and St. 

Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 
Rev. Absalom Jones (a black man), Deacon in the African church of St. 

Thomas's, Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Emanuel church, New Castle. 
Rev. William Pryce, Trinity church, Wilmington. 
Rev. Joshua Reese, St. Anne's church, Middletown. 
Rev. James Wiltbank, St. George's church, Sussex county. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Charles Smoot, rector of William and Mary parish, St. Mary's. 
Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, King and Queen parish, St. Mary's county. 
Rev. Brockenbury, Deacon, William and Mary parish, Charles county. 
Rev. John I. Sayrs, Durham parish, Charles county. 
Rev. George Ralph, Trinity parish, Charles county. 
Rev. Edward Gant, Jun., Christ church, Calvert. 
Rev. Joseph Messenger, St. John's, Prince George's county. 
Rev. Walter D. Addison, residing in Prince George's. 
Rev. Andrew M'Cormick, Washington, Prince George's county, 
Rev. John W. Compton, St. James', Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Ralph Higinbothom, St. Anne's, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, All Hallows, Anne Arundel. 
Rev Owen F. Magrath, residing in Annapolis, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Henry Moscrop, Westminster, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. William Swan, St. Margaret's, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's, Montgomery.(l) 
Rev. Edward Gantt, sen., residing at Georgetown, Montgomery. 
Rev. Thomas Scott, St. Peter's, Montgomery. 
Rev. George Bower, rector of All Saints, Frederick. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, associate rector of St. Paul's, Baltimore.(l) 
Rev. John Ireland, associate rector of St. Paul's, Baltimore. 
Rev. John Coleman, St. Thomas's, Baltimore.(l) 
Rev. Francis Barclay, residing in Baltimore. 
Rev. John Allen, St. George's, Harford. 
Rev. James Jones Wilmer, St. John's, Harford. 
Rev., William Duke, residing in Cecil county. 
Rev. Colin Ferguson, D.D., residing in Kent county. 
Rev Archibald Walker, D.D., residing in Kent county. 
Rev. George Dashiell, Chester and St. Paul's, Kent county. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., St. Luke's, Queen Anne's. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, Jun., residing in St. Luke's, Queen Anne's. 
Rev. Elisha Rigg, St. Paul's, Queen Anne's.(l) 
Rev. Joseph Jackson, St. Peter's, Talbot. 
Rev. James Kemp, Great Choptank, Dorchester. 
Rev. William Price, Somerset, Somerset. 
Rev. Samuel Sloan, residing in Somerset. 
Rev. David Ball, All Hallows, Worcester. 

(1) Members of the Standing Committee this year. 

VIBGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Charles O'Neill, rector of , Amherst. 



1801.] APPENDIX. 287 

Rev. Alexander Hay, rector of Antrim parish. 

Rev. Samuel Gray, Botetourt parish. 

Rev. Hugh Corrans Boggs, rector of Berkley parish. 

Rev. Levi Heath, Berkley. 

Rev. Benjamin Brown, rector of Brisland parish. 

Rev. Andrew Syme, rector of Bristol parish. 

Rev. John Cameron, D.D., rector of 

Rev. Alexander M'Farland, rector of Brunswick parish. 

Rev. John Bracken, D.D., rector of Bruton parish. 

Rev. John Camm, rector of Charles parish. 

Rev. Henry Heffernam, Christ church. 

Rev. James Elliott, rector of Cople parish. 

Rev. Needier Robinson, rector of Dale parish. 

Rev. Spence Grayson, rector of Dettingen parish. 

Rev. Jesse Carter, rector of Drysdale parish. 

Rev. Daniel M'Naughton, Christ church. 

Rev. James Whitehead, rector of Elizabeth river parish. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Fairfax parish. 

Rev. Alexander Balmain, rector of Frederick parish. 

Rev. John O'Weylie, Lecturer, Frederick. 

Rev. Matthew Maury, rector of Fredericksville parish. 

Rev. John Hooker Reynolds, Hardy. 

Rev. John Buchanan, D.D., rector of Henrico parish. 

Rev. Samuel S. M'Croskey, D.D., rector of Hungars parish. 

Rev. John Thompson, rector of Leeds parish. 

Rev. Charles Crawford, rector of Lexington parish. 

Rev. William Crawford, Lexington parish. 

Rev. James Dickinson, Littleton. 

Rev. George Young, Lunenburg. 

Rev. Anthony Walke, rector of Lynhaven'parish. 

Rev. Armistead Smith, Matthews. 

Rev. John Dunn, Manchester. 

Rev. James Leach, Mecklenberg. 

Rev. William Hubard, rector of Newport parish. 

Rev. Jacob Keeling, Nansemond. 

Rev. Robert Buchan, rector of Overwharton parish. 

Rev. Arthur Emerson, rector of Portsmouth parish. 

Rev. John Brunskill, rector of Raleigh parish. 

Rev. Alexander Lundie, rector of St. Andrew's parish. 

Rev. James Stevenson, rector of St. George's parish. 

Rev. Charles Hopkins, rector of St. James, Northam pariah. 

Rev. James Price, rector of St. John's parish. 

Rev. Thomas Hughes, rector of St. David's. 

Rev. Archibald Dick, rector of St. Margaret's parish. 

Rev. John Woodville, St. Mark's parish. 

Rev. Abner Waugh, rector of St. Mary's parish. 

Rev. John Parsons, . 

Rev. John Seward, St. Stephen's parish. 

Rev. John Hyde Saunders, rector of Southam parish. 

Rev. Samuel Butler, rector of Southwark parish. 

Rev. Lee Massey, rector of Truro parish. 

Rev. Samuel Chapin, rector of Westover parish. 

Rev. James Evans, Yorkhampton. 

Rev. John C. Brockenboroug, Washington. 



283 APPENDIX. [1801. 

Rev. Duncan M'Naughton, Wicomico. 

Rev. Joseph Wilson : 

Rev. Stephen Thomson : 

Rev. Cornelius Carvert Cures not known. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Thomas Frost, St. Philip's, Charleston. 

Rev. Henry Purcell, D.D., St. Michael's, Charleston. 

Rev. Edward Jenkins, St. Michael's, Charleston. 

Rev. Milwood Pogson, St. James's, Goose Creek, St. George's, Dorchester. 

Rev. Peter M. Parker, St. John's, Berkley. 

Rev. John Thompson, St. Thomas's. 

Rev. Thomas Mills, St. Andrew's. James' Island, St. Andrew's, Main. 

Rev. Edmund Matthews, St. John's, Edisto. 

Rev. William Nixon, St. Bartholomew's. 

Rev. Thomas D. Bladen, St. James', Santee 

Rev. George H. Spierin, Prince George's. 

Rev. James Connor, St. Stephen's. 

Rev. John O'Donnel, All Saints. 

Rev. Hugh Frazier. Prince Frederick's. 

Residents in the State without cures : 
Rev. Thomas Gates, D.D. 

Rev. Mr. M'Culley, Master of an Academy, Beaufort. 
Rev. Mr. Blackwall. 
Rev. Mr. Best, Master of an Academy, Charleston. 

The list from this State is the same as in the Journal of the last Con 
vention, no new list having been delivered in. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



OP THE 



"JProfasfanf ^pisrojpal (jljurrif 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



IH 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



THE CITY OF NEW YORK, FROM TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 
HTH, TO TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1804. 

VOL. L 19 (289) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS 
Re*. Samuel Parker, D.D. 
Rev. Samuel Haskell. 

FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin. 
Rev. Philo Shelton. 
Rev. Tillotson Bronson. 
Rev. Daniel Burhans. 
Nathan Smith, Esq. 
Andrew Hilliar, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D. 
Rev. Isaac Wilkins. 
Rev. William Harris. 
Rev. John Henry Hobart. 
William Ogden, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D. 
Rev. John Croes. 
Rev. Samuel Lilly. 
Colonel Samuel Ogden. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D. 
Rev. Joseph Clarkson. 
Thomas Cumpston, Esq. 
Gen. Francis Gurney. 
Mr. Levi Bull. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 
Rev. William Pryce. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D.D. 
Rev. James Kemp, D.D. 
Rev. John Coleman. 
Rev. Joseph Jackson. 
William Helmsley, Jun., Esq. 
Richard Key Heath, Esq. 

(291) 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of (Jferiral anb Hag 



"f tl^-v NEW YORK, September 11, 1804. 

J \\ v** being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
J General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
*% Church in the United States of America, several 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended at 10 o'clock, A.M., in 
Trinity Church, but not being a quorum, adjourned to meet 
at 5 o'clock, P.M., in a room of the building belonging to the 
Episcopal Charity School. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

A quorum of the house appearing, they proceeded to the 
election, by ballot, of a President and Secretary, when the 
Rev. Dr. Abraham Beach was duly chosen President, and the 
Rev. John H. Hobart, Secretary. 

The testimonials of the Clerical and Lay Delegates were 
then read and approved of, and the following gentlemen took 
their seats in the house. 

From Massachusetts, the Rev. Dr. Samuel Parker, Rev. 
Samuel Haskell. From Connecticut, the Rev. Ashbel Bald 
win, Rev. Philo Shelton, Rev. Tillotson Bronson, Rev. Dan 
iel Burhans. From New York, Rev. Dr. Abraham Beach, 
Rev. Isaac Wilkins, Rev. "William Harris, Rev. John II. 
Hobart: From New Jersey, Rev. Dr. Uzal Ogden, Rev. 
Samuel Lilly, Colonel Samuel Ogden. From Delaware, Rev. 

(293) 



294 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

William Pryce. From Maryland, Rev. Dr. James Kemp, 
Rev. Joseph Jackson, Richard Key Heath, Esq. 

The house not judging it expedient to do business the first 
day of the Session, adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 
9 o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, September 12, 1804, 9 o'clock, A-M. 

The house met. 

The testimonials of the Clerical and Lay Deputies from 
the State of Pennsylvania were read and approved of. And 
General Francis Gurney, Thomas Cumpston, Esq., and Mr. 
Levi Bull, Lay deputies from the State of Pennsylvania; 
the Rev. John Croes, Clerical deputy from New Jersey; the 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D^D., Clerical deputy, and William 
Helmsley, Jun., Esq., Lay deputy from the State of Mary 
land; and Nathan Smith, Esq., Lay deputy from the State 
of Connecticut, appeared and took their seats in the house. 

A message was sent to the House of Bishops, informing 
them that this house was organized, and ready to proceed to 
business. 

The House of Bishops returned for answer, that they also 
were organized, and ready to proceed to business. 

The rules of order established by the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies of the Convention of 1792 and the follow 
ing Conventions, were adopted as the rules of order of this 
house, with the following addition to the 6th rule " unless 
with the consent of two-thirds of the house." 

The record of the appointment of the Rev. Samuel Parker 
to the office of Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the State of Massachusetts, and also the requisite testi 
mony from the Convention of the Church in that State, were 
presented and read. 

Whereupon it was unanimously Resolved, That the house 
do sign, in favour of the Rev. Dr. Parker, the testimony re 
quired by the Canons in the election of a Bishop. The tes 
timony was accordingly signed, and, together with the testi 
mony from the Convention of the Church in Massachusetts, 
was laid before the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the hours of meeting each 
day shall be from 9 o'clock, A.M., to three o'clock P.M., and 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 295 

notice of this resolution was transmitted to the House of 
Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they had approved the testimonies in 
favour of the Rev. Dr. Parker, Bishop elect of this Church 
in the State of Massachusetts, and that they had appointed 
Friday morning for his consecration. They also informed 
this house, than they concurred in the resolution as to the 
hours of meeting. 

The house then attended divine service in Trinity Church, 
where prayers were read by the Right Rev. Bishop Claggett, 
and a Sermon on the occasion of the meeting of the Conven 
tion delivered by the Right Rev. Bishop Moore. 

The house having returned after divine service to their 
place of sitting, 

On motion, it was unanimously Resolved, That the thanks 
of the Convention be returned to the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore, for his Sermon preached before the Convention this 
day, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publica 
tion. The House of Bishops concurred in the above resolu 
tion, and informed this house that the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore had consented to furnish a copy of his Sermon for 
the purpose aforesaid. 

The house then took up and agreed to the alteration pro 
posed at the last General Convention, in the 1st article of 
the General Constitution, in the words following, viz. 

"ART. I. There shall be a General Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, on the third Tuesday in May, 1808, and in every third 
year," etc., as before. 

Information of the above ratification of the proposed al 
teration in the Constitution was sent to the House of Bish 
ops, who returned for answer that they concurred in the 
same. 

The following resolution was moved and seconded, viz. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to enquire, 
whether any and what alterations of, or additions to, the 
Canons of the Church are necessary, and to report. 

The question being taken on the above resolution, it was 
determined in the negative. 

The house adjourned. 



296 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and prayers were read by the Secretary as 
Chaplain to the house. 

The Rev. Dr. Robert Blackwell and Rev. Joseph Clark- 
son, Clerical deputies from the State of Pennsylvania; An 
drew Hillier, Esq., a Lay deputy from the State of Connec 
ticut; and William Ogden, Esq., a Lay deputy from the 
State of New York, appeared and took their seats in the 
house. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to 
prepare an Office of induction into the rectorship of parishes. 
The following members were appointed a Committee: Rev. 
Dr. Parker, Rev. Mr. Baldwin, Rev. Mr. Harris, Rev. Dr. 
Ogden, Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. Mr. Price, Rev. Dr. Bend. 

A proposed Canon concerning dioceses was taken up and 
considered, and the question being taken thereon, it was de 
termined in the negative. 

The following proposed Canons, viz., " A Canon concern 
ing Ministers moving from one diocese or State to another;" 
a Canon making an addition to the 17th Canon of 1789, en 
titled, " Notice to be given of the induction and dismission 
of Ministers;" a Canon altering the 7th Canon of 1795; and 
a Canon repealing the 2d Canon of 1801, which limits the 
operation of the 4th Canon of 1795; were passed, and sent 
to the House of Bishops for their concurrence. 

The house adjourned. 



FRIDAY, Sept. 14, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and prayers were read by the Secretary, 
as Chaplain to the house. 

The Committee appointed to prepare an Office of induc 
tion reported an Office; and the house, after having entered 
on the consideration of the same, proceeded to attend divine 
service in Trinity Church, on the occasion of the consecra 
tion of the Rev. Dr. Parker, Bishop elect of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the State of Massachusetts. 

Prayers were read by the Rev. Dr. Bend, and a Sermon 
delivered by the Right Rev. Bishop White; who, assisted by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Claggett, of Maryland, the Right 
Rev. Bishop Jarvis, of Connecticut, and the Right Rev. 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENEKAL CONVENTION. 297 

Bishop Moore, of New York, performed the Office of con 
secration. 

After divine service, the house returned to their place of 
sitting. 

On motion, it was unanimously Resolved, That the thanks 
of this house be returned to the Right Rev. Bishop White, 
for the Sermon delivered at the consecration of the Rev. Dr. 
Parker, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publi 
cation. 

The above resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, 
who returned it with their concurrence; and informed the 
house, that the Right Rev. Bishop White had consented to 
furnish a copy of his Sermon for publication. 

The house resumed the consideration of the Office of in 
duction, and having made progress in the same, adjourned. 



SATURDAY, Sept. 15, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The House met, and prayers were read by the Secretary, 
as Chaplain to the house. 

The house finished the consideration of the Office of induc 
tion ; and having agreed to the same, sent it to the House 
of Bishops for their concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they proposed a substitute to the 
Canon concerning Ministers moving from one diocese or State 
to another ; that they did not concur in the Canon altering 
the 7th Canon of 1795; and that they proposed a substitute 
to the Canon repealing the 2d Canon of 1801, which limits 
the operation of the 4th Canon of 1795. 

The house agreed to the substitute proposed by the House 
of Bishops, to the Canon concerning Ministers moving from 
one diocese to another, with an amendment, which was sent 
to the House of Bishops, and adopted by them. 

The house took up the consideration of the substitute pro 
posed by the House of Bishops to the Canon repealing the 
2d Canon of 1801, which limits the operation of the 4th 
Canon of 1795; and the question being taken on agreeing to 
the same, it was determined in the negative. 

A memorial was presented from the Vestry of Trinity 
Church, Newark, New Jersey, stating that a very unhappy 
difference, which appears to threaten the very existence of 
their Church, subsists between the Rector and the congrega- 



298 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

tion of said Church, and praying the Convention to devise 
some means for their relief. 

The above memorial was referred to the following Com 
mittee, to report thereon. The Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. 
Mr. Haskell, Rev. Mr. Brunson, Rev. Mr. Hobart, Rev. 
Mr. Price, Rev. Dr. Kemp, William Ogden, Thomas Cump- 
ston and Richard K. Heath, Esqrs. * 

The following Canons, viz., a Canon additional to the 6th 
Canon of 1795 X and a Canon limiting the operation of the 
&th Canon of 1795, were sent from the House of Bishops. 
The first Canon was read and concurred in by this house. 

The office of induction was received from the House of Bish 
ops with amendments, which were adopted by this house. 

Leave of absence was granted to the Rev. Mr. Lilly and 
Andrew Hilliar and Nathan Smith, Esqrs., during the re 
mainder of the Session: 

A proposed Canon concerning Lay Readers was adopted, 
aaid sent to the House of Bishops, who returned it with 
their concurrence. 

A proposed Canon was adopted, entitled " A Canon pro 
viding for an accurate view of the state of the Church from 
time to time," and sent to the House of Bishops for their 
concurrence. 

The house adjourned. 



MONDAY, Sept. 17, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. 

Prayers were read by the Secretary, as Chaplain to the 
house. 

The Committee appointed on the memorial from Trinity 
Church, Newark, New Jersey, made report. 

>On motion, the report was recommitted to the same Com 
mittee. 

The house adopted a proposed substitute to the Canon sent 
from the House of Bishops, limiting the operation of the 6th 
^Canon of 1795, and sent it to the House of Bishops for their 
concurrence. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the Session was 
granted to Richard K. Heath, Esq. 

A proposed Canon was adopted concerning candidates 
coming from places within the United States, in which the 
Constitution of the Church has not been acceded to. A 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 299 

proposed Canon was also adopted, respecting the dissolution 
of all pastoral connection between Ministers and their con 
gregations. 

The above Canons were sent to the House of Bishops. 

The following message was received from the House of 
Bishops : 

" The House of Bishops communicate to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, the following extract from their 
Journal. 

' The papers presented to this house by the President, 
from the Rev. Ammi Rogers, of Connecticut, requesting their 
attention to sundry matters affecting his standing in the 
Church and his private character, were taken into considera 
tion. Whereupon, 

' Resolved, That there be declared to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, the desire of the House of Bish 
ops, that if any members of that house possess information 
respecting the conduct of said Ammi Rogers, in the matters 
brought before the House of Bishops, which matters will be 
communicated by the Bishops to any members of the house 
aforesaid who may desire it, such members will lay before the 
House of Bishops the information possessed by them at 12 
o'clock.' ' 

Whereupon the house Resolved, That any members who 
may have any thing to communicate to the House of Bish 
ops, on the subject of the above message, have leave to with 
draw at the hour mentioned. 

The House of Bishops also informed this house that they 
had concurred in the following Canons, viz. : A Canon pro 
viding for an accurate view of the state of the Church from 
time to time; and the proposed substitute to the Canon lim 
iting the operation of the 6th Canon of 1795; and the Ca 
non concerning candidates coming from places within the 
United States which have not acceded to the Constitution of 
the Church ; and that they proposed to connect the Canon 
respecting the dissolution of all pastoral connection between 
Ministers and their congregations, with the Canon making 
an addition to the 17th Canon of 1789; in which proposi 
tion the house concurred. 

A proposed Canon respecting differences between Minis 
ters and their congregations was adopted, and sent to the 
House of Bishops for their concurrence. 

A Canon was received from the House of Bishops, entitled, 



300 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

"Notice to be given of the election of Ministers," which 
was agreed to, with amendments, and the change of the title 
to " Canon concerning the election and induction of Ministers 
into parishes or churches." 

A proposed Canon concerning Clergymen ordained by 
foreign Bishops, and desirous of settling in this Church, was 
adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops for their concur 
rence. On motion, the Committee appointed at the last 
Convention to report such additional hymns as they may 
think are adapted to Christian worship, was discharged. 

The house adjourned. 



TUESDAY, September 18, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and prayers were read by the Secretary, 
as Chaplain to the house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing that they disagreed to the amendments to the Canon 
concerning the election and induction of Ministers into pa 
rishes or churches, and request a conference on the subject; 
that they had negatived the Canon concerning Clergymen 
ordained by foreign Bishops, and that they had passed the 
Canon respecting differences between Ministers and their 
congregations, with amendments. 

The house agreed to the amendments of the House of 
Bishops to the last-mentioned Canon, and to the conference 
requested. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. Dr. Kemp, 
and Rev. Mr. Hobart, be a Committee to manage the con 
ference on the part of this house ; and that, with the concur 
rence of the House of Bishops, they make the proposed Ca 
non concerning foreign clergymen a subject of the con 
ference. 

The Committee withdrew, and the Rev. Dr. Bend was re 
quested to officiate in the Secretary's stead, during his ab 
sonce. 

The Committee on the Memorial of Trinity Church, New 
ark, made the following report: 

" The Committee on the Memorial of the Vestry of 
Trinity Church, Newark, whose report was yesterday recom 
mitted to them, made report, that as this Convention have 
passed a Canon providing for such cases as that of the Vestry 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 301 

of said Church, the Committee think it unnecessary that this 
house should go into an investigation of the affair." 

This report was agreed to by the house. 

Resolved, That 1000 copies of the Journals, 1000 copies 
of the Office of induction, and 1000 copies of each of the 
Sermons preached before the Convention, be published. 

The President, Secretary, and the Rev. Mr. Harris were 
appointed a Committee, in conjunction with the Right Rev. 
Bishop Moore, to publish the Journals. The House of 
Bishops concurred in the appointment of this Committee. 

The house took into consideration the place at which the 
next meeting of the General Convention should be held, and 
unanimously determined that the meeting should be at Bal 
timore. 

It was moved and seconded, that those parts of the Mi 
nutes which respect the petition from Trinity Church, New 
ark, be expunged. 

Resolved unanimously, That they be not expunged. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop Parker be re 
quested to preach a Sermon at the opening of the next Ge 
neral Convention. 

The Committee of Conference returned, and reported that 
the House of Bishops had receded from their negative to the 
amendment proposed by this house to the Canon concerning 
the election and induction of Ministers into parishes or 
churches, and proposed another amendment, which amend 
ment was agreed to by this house ; and also that they receded 
from their negative to the Canon concerning Clergymen or 
dained by foreign Bishops, and proposed a substitute, which 
was agreed to by this house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming that they had established a course of study for can 
didates for Orders, which will be published with their 
Journal. 

A proposed Canon, concerning the studies of candidates for 
Orders, was adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops for 
their concurrence. 

A proposed Canon, concerning subscription to the Articles 
of the Church, was negatived, under the impression that a 
sufficient subscription to the Articles is already required by 
the 7th Article of the Constitution. 

A proposed Canon, concerning candidates who may be re- 



302 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

fused orders, was adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops 
for their concurrence. 

On motion, Resolved, That it be made known to the dif 
ferent State Conventions, that it is proposed in the next 
General Convention to consider and determine on the follow 
ing proposed alteration to the General Constitution of the ' 
Church, viz., that in Art. III., the words " unless adhered to 
by four-fifths of the other house," be struck out. 

The above resolution was sent to the House of Bishops. 

A resolution was adopted concerning the arrangement and 
publication of the Constitution and ali the Canons of the 
Church, and sent to the House of Bishops for their con 
currence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, that 
they had agreed to the resolution respecting a proposed al 
teration in the Constitution; to the Canon concerning can 
didates who may be refused Orders; to the resolutions con 
cerning printing the Journals, Office of induction, and Ser 
mons; and that they proposed an amendment to the reso 
lution concerning the arrangement and publication of the 
Constitution and all the Canons of the Church which 
amendment was agreed to, and the resolution passed as 
follows, viz. 

Resolved, That the Committee appointed to publish the 
Journals be authorised to publish the Constitution and all the 
Canons of the Church in the order of their enaction, making 
a reference by asterisk, at the end of every Canon, to a note 
pointing out the various other Canons which refer to the 
subject of that particular Canon. 

The Constitution and Canons published by the above Com 
mittee, and the Office of induction, are to be considered as 
authorised and standard copies. 

The House of Bishops also informed this house that they 
had negatived the Canon concerning the studies of candidates 
for Orders. 

The following message was also received from the House 
of Bishops, viz. 

" The House of Bishops propose to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, that the adjournment of the Convention 
be accompanied by prayer, in the presence of the two houses 
the presiding Bishop to officiate." 

The house unanimously concurred in the above resolution. 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 303 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
returned to the President and Secretary for their services. 

The House of Bishops then attended in the chamber of 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, when prayers were 
read by the Right Rev. Bishop White, as presiding Bishop. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, 

ABRAHAM BEACH, PRESIDENT. 

JOHN HENRY HOBART, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



of Pi 



NEW YORK, Sept. 11, 1804. 

being the day appointed for the Meeting of 
the General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America, the 
Right Rev. Bishop Moore attended in Trinity Church; no 
other member of this house appearing, adjourned till to 
morrow, at 9 o'clock A.M., to meet in the house of the Epis 
copal Charity School. 



WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present, the Right Rev. Bishop White, 
of Pennsylvania; the Right Rev. Bishop Claggett, of Mary 
land ; and the Right Rev. Bishop Moore, of New York. 

Resolved, That it be a standing rule of this house, that 
the senior Bishop present at the opening of any Convention, 
shall preside. 

The Right Rev. Bishop White, in consequence, took his 
seat as presiding Bishop.' 

The Rev. Cave Jones was appointed Secretary to this 
house. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, of Connecticut, appeared 
and took his seat. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 
VOL. I. 20 (305) 



306 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804.' 

and Lay Deputies, informing them that they were organized, 
and ready to proceed to business. 

This house returned information that they were also ready 
for the same. 

A resolution, communicated from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, was agreed to by this house, " That the 
hours of meeting, during the Session, shall be from 9 o'clock 
A.M., to 3 o'clock P.M." 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, the requisite testimonials of the Rev. Dr. Parker, 
Bishop elect of the State of Massachusetts. 

A message was transmitted to the said house, informing 
that the House of Bishops approve of the said testimonials, 
and will proceed to the consecration of Dr. Parker on Fri 
day next. 

Adjourned, to attend divine service at Trinity Church. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Claggett performed service, and 
the Right Rev. Bishop Moore preached a Sermon adapted to 
the occasion of the meeting of this Convention. . 

After which the house again met. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that a resolution had passed that 
house, " That the thanks of the Convention be presented to 
the Right Rev. Bishop Moore for his Sermon preached be 
fore them this morning, and that he be requested to furnish 
a copy for publication." 

This house concurred in the said resolution, and the Right 
Rev. Bishop Moore consented to comply with their request. 

This house concurred in a resolution received from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, ratifying the alteration 
of the first Article of the Constitution, as proposed at the 
last General Convention. 

The house then adjourned. 



THURSDAY, Sept. 13, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

Present as yesterday 

This house came to a resolution to attend prayers, during 
the Session, in the chamber of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. The house attended accordingly. 

The following proposed Canons were presented from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz., a Canon concern- 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 307 

ing ministers removing from one diocese or State to another ; 
a Canon making an addition to the 17th Canon of 1789; a 
Canon repealing the 2d Canon of 1801, which limits the 
operation of the 4th Canon of 1795 ; a Canon altering the 
7th Canon of 1795. 

The proposed Canon, entitled " A Canon concerning Min 
isters removing from one diocese or State to another," was 
taken into consideration, and a substitute was agreed to, and 
sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house then adjourned. 



FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

Present as yesterday. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that the said house was ready to 
attend the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Parker, when this 
house shall see proper. 

This house informed the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, that they were ready to proceed immediately to the 
consecration. 

The house then adjourned for the above purpose. 

The Rev. Dr. Bend read prayers, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop White delivered a Sermon, and, as presiding Bishop, 
performed the Consecration service, assisted by the other 
Bishops present. 

The house again met. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that the said house had come to a 
resolution, " That the thanks of the Convention be presented 
to the Right Rev. Bishop White for his Sermon preached be 
fore them this day, at the consecration of the Rev. Dr. 
Parker, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for pub 
lication." 

This house concurred in the above resolution; and Bishop 
White acceded to the request. 

The proposed Canon, entitled " A Canon repealing the 
2d Canon of 1801, which limits the operation of the 4th 
Canon of 1795," was returned to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with a substitute. 

A memorial was laid on the table by the President, from 
the Rev. Ammi Rogers, accompanied with sundry documents 



308 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

and a letter, requesting that a day may be appointed for the 
consideration of the points therein stated. 

Monday next was assigned for the above purpose, and 
notice thereof was given to Mr. Rogers. 

The house adjourned. 



SATURDAY, Sept. 15, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Parker, who was yesterday conse 
crated, in Trinity Church, Bishop of this Church in the 
State of Massachusetts, took his seat in this house. 

A Canon was passed, entitled, " A Canon limiting . the 
operation of the 6th Canon of 1795," and was sent to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A proposed Office was presented from the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, entitled "An Office of induction." 

A proposed Canon was adopted by this house, and sent to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, entitled, " A Canon 
additional t the 6th Canon of 1795." 

The substitute to the Canon, entitled " Concerning Min 
isters moving from one diocese or State to another," which 
was sent from this house to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, was returned from said house, with an amendment, 
which was adopted by this house. 

The proposed office, entitled " An Office of induction," 
etc., was returned to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, with amendments. 

The Canon which originated in this house, entitled " A 
Canon additional to the 6th Canon of 1795," was returned 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, with a mes 
sage that it had passed that house. 

The proposed substitute, which was sent by this house to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, for the proposed 
Canon, entitled " A Canon repealing the 2d Canon of 1801, 
which limits the operation of the 4th Canon of 1795," was 
returned from that house, with a message that they did not 
concur in the same. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that the amendments proposed by 
this house to the " Office of induction," etc., had been adopt 
ed by that house. 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 309 

A proposed Canon, entitled " Canon respecting Lay 
Readers," was presented from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and was immediately taken up and passed by 
this house. 

The house then adjourned till Monday morning. 



MONDAY, Sept. 17, 1804, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as on Saturday. 

A proposed Canon was presented from the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, entitled " Canon providing for an 
accurate view of the state of the Church from time to time," 
which was immediately taken up and passed. 

A proposed substitute was presented from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, to the Canon entitled " Canon 
limiting the operation of the 6th Canon of 1795," which 
passed this house. 

The papers presented to this house by the President, from 
the Rev. Amnii Rogers, of Connecticut, requesting their at 
tention to sundry matters affecting his standing in the 
Church and his private character, were then taken into con 
sideration. 

Whereupon Resolved, That there be declared to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies the desire of the House 
of Bishops, that if any members of that house possess in 
formation respecting the conduct of the said Ammi Rogers, 
in the matters brought before the House of Bishops, which 
matters will be communicated by the House of Bishops to 
any members of the house aforesaid who may desire it, 
such members will lay before the House of Bishops the in 
formation possessed by them at 12 o'clock. 

Resolved, That information of the above message be 
communicated to the Rev. Ammi Rogers, in order that, if he 
have any further matters to lay before the House of Bishops, 
the same may be done at the said hour. 

The information required in the above resolution was ac 
cordingly communicated. 

A proposed Canon was presented from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, entitled " Canon of Candidates com 
ing from places within the United States, in which the Con 
stitution of this Church has not been acceded to;" which 
Canon passed this house. 



310 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a proposed Canon, entitled, " Canon respecting the 
dissolution of all pastoral connection between Ministers and 
congregations;" which was taken into consideration. Also 
the proposed Canon presented on Thursday last, entitled 
" Canon making addition to the 17th Canon of 1789," was 
taken up. 

These two Canons passed this house with amendments, 
and an incorporation of both into one Canon. 

A proposed Canon, entitled, " Notice to be given of the 
election of Ministers," passed this house. 

Agreeably to the resolution of the last General Convention, 
this house considered and established a Course of Ecclesias 
tical Studies for candidates for Holy Orders. 

Twelve o'clock. 

The Clerical Members from the State of Connecticut were 
admitted to a hearing on the subject of the Rev. Ammi 
Rogers; when Mr. Rogers was also called' in. 

The Rev. Mr. Baldwin asked for leave to make a statement 
of the case, which was granted. 

Documents on both sides were then read, and a hearing 
was given to the parties concerned. 

While the subject of Mr. Rogers was under consideration, 
several Canons were presented from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, as follow. 

A Canon respecting differences between Ministers and 
their congregations; proposed. 

Canon respecting the dissolution of all pastoral connection 
between ministers and congregations, and a Canon making 
addition to the 17th Canon of 1789;" passed the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies with amendments, and an incor 
poration into one Canon, as proposed by this house. 

"Notice to be given of the election of Ministers," re 
turned with amendments, and an alteration of the title. 

" Of Clergymen ordained by foreign Bishops, and desir 
ous of settling in this Church;" proposed. 

The house then adjourned till 7 o'clock, P.M. 

Seven o'clock, P.M. 

The amendments to the Canon entitled "Notice to be 
given of the election of Ministers," were considered, and not 
agreed to; and a conference thereupon was requested. 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 311 

The Canon respecting differences between Ministers and 
their congregations, was passed with an amendment. 

The Canon, " Of Clergymen ordained by foreign Bishops, 
and desirous of settling in this Church," was negatived. 

The Rev. Ammi Rogers appeared, and asked permission 
to see one of the papers presented to this house by the Cle 
rical Deputies from Connecticut. Whereupon it was 

Resolved, That nothing shall be done in the business ex 
cept in the presence of both parties. 

Bishop Claggett obtained leave of absence. 

The house then adjourned till to-morrow, 8 o'clock A.M. 



TUESDAY, Sept. 18, 1804, 8 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday, except Bishop 
Claggett. 

A message was delivered from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that the said house had agreed to 
the conference requested on the amendments to the Canon, 
entitled " Notice to be given of the election of Ministers." 
This house agreed to enter immediately on the business. 

The Rev. Dr. Blackwell, Rev. Dr. Kemp, and Rev. Mr. 
Hobart, appeared as a Committee from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, to enter upon the conference proposed. 
After which conference, this house receded from their non- 
concurrence, on condition of a small additional amendment. 

A conference was then proposed by the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies on the Canon, entitled " Of Clergymen 
ordained by foreign Bishops," etc., which Canon was nega 
tived by this house. The conference was assented to, and 
the aforementioned gentlemen appeared as a Committee from 
the house on the subject. Whereupon a substitute was pro 
posed by this house, and sent by the above Committee. 

A message was sent to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties informing that, agreeably to a requisition of the last 
General Convention, this house have prepared a Course of 
Ecclesiastical Studies, which they intend to publish with 
their Journals. 

The Rev. Mr. Shelton appeared, and asked permission to 
lay further testimony before the house in the case of Mr. 
Ammi Rogers. 

Leave was given, on condition that Mr. Rogers be also in 
formed. 



312 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

Both parties were then introduced, and further hearing 
was given them. 

A proposed Canon was received from the House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies, entitled, " Of candidates who may 
be refused Orders," which was passed. 

Also a proposed Canon, entitled, " Concerning the studies 
of candidates for Orders;" which was negatived. 
, A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies in the following words : " The House of Cle 
rical and Lay Deputies have acceded to the amendment pro 
posed by the House of Bishops to the Canon respecting dif 
ferences between Ministers and their congregations ; and 
have agreed to the substitute for the Canon concerning Cler 
gymen ordained by foreign Bishops ; and to the amendment 
to the Canon entitled ' Canon concerning the election and 
induction of Ministers into parishes or churches."' 

Also a message was received, informing that the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies have agreed to the following re- 
solution : 

Resolved, That it be made known to the different 
State Conventions, that it is proposed in the next Gen 
eral Convention to consider and determine on the follow 
ing proposed alteration to the General Constitution of the 
Church, viz., that in Art. III., the following words be stricken 
out, "unless adhered to by four-fifths of the other house." 

The above resolution was concurred in by this house. 

Another resolution was received from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, in the following words: 

Resolved, That the Committee appointed to publish the 
Journals be authorised to publish the Constitution and all the 
Canons of the Church in the order of their enaction, noting 
at the end of each Canon the various other Canons which 
refer to the subject of that particular Canon." 

An amendment was proposed and carried in this house, to 
strike out from the word " noting," and insert the following 
words: " making a reference by asterisk, at the end of every 
Canon, to a note pointing out the various other Canons which 
refer to the subject of that particular Canon." 

This amendment was concurred in by the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received in the following words : 

" The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies request the 
concurrence of the House of Bishops to a resolution for 



1804.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 313 

printing 1000 copies of the Journals, 1000 Copies of the 
Office of induction, and 1000 copies of each of the Ser 
mons preached before the Convention ; a resolution appoint 
ing the Rev. Dr. Beach, the Rev. Mr. Harris, and the Rev- 
Mr. Hobart, in conjunction with Bishop Moore, to arrange 
the Canons of this Church ; a resolution unanimously passed 
by the house, that the General Convention meet next at 
Baltimore; and a resolution that Bishop Parker be requested 
to preach at the opening of the next General Convention. 

" The house also inform the House of Bishops, that it is 
their wish, if possible, that an adjournment of the Conven 
tion should take place this morning." 

This house concurred in these several resolutions. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, Resolved, 
That it be proposed to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, that the adjournment of the Convention be accompa 
nied by prayer, in the presence of the two houses the pre 
siding Bishop to officiate." 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies sent their con 
currence. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that said house are ready to ad 
journ. 

The house then attended prayers in the chamber of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

This house adjourned to meet at Bishop Moore's at 7 
o'clock, P.M. 

Seven o'clock, P.M. 

The House of Bishops met at Bishop Moore's dwelling. 

Present: Right Rev. Bishop White, Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore, Right Rev. Bishop Parker. 

The house resumed the consideration of the matters 
brought before them by the Rev. Ammi Rogers, and came to 
the, following determination concerning the same. 

After full inquiry, and fair examination of all the evidence 
that could be procured, it appears to this house, that the 
said Ammi Rogers had produced to the Standing Committee 
of New York (upon the strength of which he obtained Holy 
Orders) a certificate, signed with the name of the Rev. Philo 
Perry, which certificate was not written nor signed by him. 

That the conduct of the said Ammi Rogers, in the State 
of Connecticut, during his residence in that State, since he 



814 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1804. 

left New York, has been insulting, refractory, and schismat- 
ical in the highest degree; and were it tolerated, would 
prove subversive Of all order and discipline in the Church; 
and that the statement which he made in justification of his 
conduct, was a mere tissue of equivocation and evasion, and 
of course served rather to defeat than to establish his 
purpose. 

Therefore this house do approve of the proceedings of the 
Church in Connecticut, in reproving the said Ammi Rogers, 
and prohibiting him from the performance of any ministe 
rial duties within that diocese; and, moreover, are of opin 
ion, that he deserves a severe ecclesiastical censure, that of 
degradation from the ministry. 

In regard to the question, To what authority is Mr. Ro 
gers amenable ? this house are sensible, that there not having 
been, previously to the present Convention, any sufficient 
provision for a case of a Clergyman removing from one di 
ocese to another, it might easily happen that different senti 
ments would arise as to this point. We are of opinion, that 
Mr. Rogers' residence being in Connecticut, it is to the au 
thority of that diocese he is exclusively amenable. But as 
the imposition practiced with a view to the Ministry was in 
New York, we recommend to the Bishop and Standing Com 
mittee of that State, to send to the Bishop in Connecticut 
such documents, duly attested, of the measure referred to, as 
will be a ground of proceedure in that particular. 

We further direct the Secretary to deliver a copy of the 
above to the Clerical Deputies from Connecticut, and another 
copy to the Rev. Ammi Rogers. And we further direct, that 
either of the aforesaid parties be permitted to have any doc 
uments respectively delivered in by them, a copy of it being 
first taken; except the petition and affidavit of the Rev. 
Ammi Rogers, of which he may have a copy if desired as 
may either of the parties have of any document delivered by 
the other party. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to the 
Rev. Mr. Jones for his services as Secretary. 

The house rose. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attest: CAVE JONES, Secretary H. B. 



APPENDIX. 



{Joursp of ^rrfpsiesfira! $lubips, 

ESTABLISHED BY THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS IN THE CONVEN 
TION OF 1804, IN PURSUANCE OF A RESOLUTION OF THE 

PRECEDING GENERAL CONVENTION. 

In attending to this subject, a considerable difficulty occurs, arising out 
of the difference of the circumstances of students, in regard not only to 
intellectual endowments and preparatory knowledge of languages and 
science, but to access to authors, and time to be devoted to a preparation 
for the ministry. For in accommodating to those whose means are slen 
der, we are in danger of derogating from the importance of religious 
knowledge ; while, on the other hand, although we should demand all 
that is desirable, we shall be obliged to content ourselves, in some cases, 
with what is barely necessary. 

In consideration of the above, it will be expedient to set down such a 
course of study, as is accommodated to a moderate portion of time and 
means ; and afterwards to suggest provision, as well for a more limited a 3 
for a more enlarged share of both. 

Let the student be required to begin with some books in proof of the 
divine authority of Christianity, such as Grotius on the Truth of the 
Christian Religion, Jenkins on the Reasonableness of Christianity, Pa- 
ley's Evidences, Lesly's Methods with the Jews and Deists ; Stillingfleet's 
Origines Sacra, and Butler's Analogy. To the above should be added 
some books which give a knowledge of the objections made by Deists. 
For this Leland's view may be sufficient, except that it should be followed 
by answers to deistical writers since Leland, whose works and the answers 
to them may be supposed known to the student. It would be best, if cir 
cumstances permit, that he should read what the Deists themselves have 
written. 

- After the books in proof of Revelation, let the student, previously to 
the reading of any system of divinity, study the Scriptures with the help 
of some approved commentators, such as Patrick and Lowth on the 
Old Testament, and Hammond, or Whitby, or Doddridge on the New: 
being aware, in regard to the last-mentioned author, of the points on 
which he differs from our Church, although it be with moderation and 

(315) 



316 APPENDIX. [1804. 

candour. During such his study of the Scriptures, let him read some 
work or works which give an account of the design of the different books, 
and the grounds on which their respective authority is asserted ; for in 
stance, Father Simon's Canon of Scripture, Collier's Sacred Interpreter, 
Gray's Key to the Old Testament, and Percy's Key to the New. Let the 
student read the Scriptures over and over, referring to his commentators 
as need may require, until he can give an account of the design and 
character of each book, and explain the more difficult passages of it. 
He is supposed to know enough of profane history to give an account 
of that also, whenever it mixes with the sacred. There are certain im 
portant subjects which may be profitably attended to, as matters of dis 
tinct study, during the course of the general study of Scripture. For in 
stance : the student having proceeded as far as the Deluge, may read 
some author who gives a larger account than the commentators of the 
particulars attached to that crisis, and also the principles on which are 
founded the different systems of chronology: all of which will be found 
clearly done in the Universal History. In reading the book of Leviticus, 
it will be useful to attend to some connected scheme of the sacrifices, 
such as is exhibited by Bishop Kidder in his Introduction to the Penta 
teuch, and by Mr. Joseph Mede in some of his discourses. A more full 
and interesting interpretation of the Prophecies than can be expected 
from the commentators, will be desirable ; and for this purpose, let Bishop 
Newton's work be taken. Between the study of the Old Testament and 
that of the New, should be read Prideaux and Shuckford's Connections. 
With the New Testament should be taken some book relating to the 
Harmony of the Gospels, as M'Knight's or Bishop Newcome's. Let the 
student, before entering on the Gospels, read Dr. Campbell's Introductory 
Dissertations. Towards the close of the Gospels, the subject of the Re 
surrection should be particularly attended to ; for which purpose let there 
be taken either Mr. West on the subject, or Bishop Sherlock's Trial of 
the Witnesses. 

After the study of the Scriptures, let attention be given to ecclesiasti 
cal history, so far as the Council of Nice. This period is distinctly taken 
from a desire that the portion of history preceding it, as well as the opin 
ions then entertained, may be learned from original writers ; which may 
be considered as one of the best expedients for the guarding of the 
student against many errors of modern times. The writers of that inter 
val are not numerous or bulky. Eusebius is soon read through, and so 
are the Apostolic Fathers. Even the other writers are not voluminous, 
except Origen, the greater part of whose works may be passed over. 
The Apostolic Fathers may be best read in Cotelerius's edition ; but there 
are translations of most of them by Archbishop Wake and the Rev. Wil 
liam Reeves. Cave's Lives of the Apostles and Fathers may be profit 
ably read at this period. 

This stage of the student's progress seems the most proper for the 
study of the two questions, of our Lord's divinity and of Episcopacy. 
The aspect of early works on these subjects, best enables us to ascertain 
in what shape they appeared to the respective writers. And it is difficult 
to suppose, on the ground of what we know of human nature, that during 
the first three centuries, either the character of Christ should have been 
conceived of as materially different from what had been the representa 
tion of it by the first teachers of our religion ; or, that there should have 
been a material change of Church government, without opposition to the 



1804.] 



APPENDIX. 317 



innovation. For the former question, let the works of Bishop Bull and 
the Rev. Charles Lesly be taken ; to which may well be added the late 
controversy between Bishop Horsley and Dr. Priestley; and for the lat 
ter, Mr. Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity, Archbishop Potter on Church 
Government, and Daubeny's Guide to the Church. As the Lord Chancel 
lor King published a book on the Discipline of the Primitive Church, in 
which he has rested Episcopacy on insufficient grounds, unwarily admit 
ted by many on his authority, let the student read his book, and the refu 
tation of it in Mr. Slater's Original Draft of the Primitive Church. 

After this, let the student go on with the history of the fourth century, 
from Mosheim. But it will be of advantage to him to turn to Fleury's, 
history for the epitomies there given of the writings of the eminent men 
who abounded in that century and part of the next. Let him then return 
to Mosheim, and go on with that writer to the Reformation. Here let 
him pause and study, as the main hinges of Popery, its pretences to su 
premacy and infallibility; on which there will be found satisfactory mat 
ter in Mr. Chilli ngworth's Religion of Protestants a Safe Way to Salva 
tion, and Dr. Barrow's treatise Of the Pope's Supremacy. Here also let 
there be read Father Paul's History of the Council of Trent. Then let 
the student resume Mosheim. But it will be best if, for a more minute 
knowledge of the History of the Church of England since the Reforma 
tion, he take along with him Collier's History a very able work, but in 
the reading of which some allowance must be made for peculiar preju 
dices. On coming, in the reign of Elizabeth, to the questions which 
arose between the Divines of the Established Church and the Presbyte 
rians, then known by the name of Puritans, let recourse be had again to 
Mr. Hooker's work and to the London Cases. Then let Mosheim be pro 
ceeded with to the end. 

After these studies, and not before, let Divinity be read in a systematic 
method. Bishop Pearson's Exposition of the Creed may be considered 
as a small system, and on account of the excellence of the work is re 
commended; as also Bishop Burnet's Exposition of the Thirty-nine 
Articles. Then let a larger system be taken; suppose Stackhouse's 
Body of Divinity, with the addition of the following modern works : 
Elements of Christian Theology, by the present Bishop of Lincoln, and 
the Scholar Armed. That many works of this sort are not mentioned, is 
because we think their utility is principally confined to arrangement, and 
suppose that the knowledge they convey is to be obtained from the Scrip 
tures and judicious commentators. 

It seems necessary to this course of study, to recommend the Sermons 
of some of the most distinguished preachers ; who have so abounded in 
the Church of England for some ages past, that the only matter will be, 
from among many of great name, to select a convenient number. And 
for this purpose we refer to the list at the end. 

It seems not unnecessary to require attention to the History of the 
Common Prayer, the grounds on which the different Services are con 
structed, and the meaning of the Rubrics. Perhaps a careful study of 
Dr. Wheatley on the Common Prayer, and of the late work of Mr. Reeves, 
will be sufficient. 

Some books should be read on the duties of the Pastoral office ; such ' 
as St. Chrysostom on the Priesthood, Bishop Burnet on the Pastoral 
Care, and Bishop Wilson's Parochialia. It is, however, to be remember 
ed, that one reason of studying carefully the Book of Common Prayer 



318 APPENDIX. [1804 

and its Rubrics, is that, by the help of these, in connection with what 
belongs in Scripture to the ministerial character, sufficient information of 
its duties may be had. 

A knowledge of the Constitution and the Canons should be held abso 
lutely necessary. And it is to be hoped that they will, on this account, 
be soon published, detached from the Journals. 

To set down what books shall be essential, no student to be ordained 
without being fully prepared to answer on them, is more difficult. The 
lowest requisition is as follows : Paley's Evidences ; Mosheim, with a 
reference to Mr. Hooker for the Episcopacy ; Stackhouse's Body of Di 
vinity, and Mr. Beeves on the Common Prayer ; the Constitution and 
Canons of the Church ; allowing in the study of the Scriptures a latitude 
of choice among the approved commentators ; it being understood, that 
if the student cannot, on the grounds contained in some good Commen 
tary, give an account of the different books, and explain such passages 
as may be proposed to him, this is of itself a disqualification. 

In the beginning it was intimated, that the course to be recommended 
would be disproportioned to the means of some, and fall short of what 
would be within the compass of others. For the benefit of the latter, we 
publish the following list of books on the different branches of ecclesias 
tical knowledge. 

During the whole course of study, the student will endeavour, by the 
grace of God, to cultivate his heart by attention to devotional and prac 
tical treatises, several of which will be mentioned in the general list that 
follows. 



LIBRARY OF A PARISH MINISTER, 

Prefixed to " Elements of Christian Theology," published 

by the Right Rev. the present Bishop of Lincoln. 

The books mentioned are divided into four classes. 

The first containing such as relate to the exposition of the Old and 
New Testaments; the second, such as serve to establish the divine au 
thority of the Scriptures ; the third, such as explain the doctrines and 
discipline of the Church and the duties of its Ministers ; and the fourth, 
miscellaneous, including Sermons and Ecclesiastical History. 

CLASS THE FIRST. 

Bible, with marginal references, 8vo. 

Crutwell's Concordance of Parallels, 4to. 

Butterworth's Concordance, 8vo. 

Patrick, Lowth, and Whitby, on the Old and New Testament, 6 vols. fol. 

Doddridge's Family Expositor, 6 vols. 8vo. 

Pool's Synopsis, 5 vols. folio. 

Collier's Sacred Interpreter, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Jenning's Jewish Antiquities, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Lowman's Rationale of the Hebrew Ritual, 8vo. 

Gray's Key to the Old Testament, 8vo, 

Home's Scripture History of the Jews, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Parkhurst's Greek Lexicon, 4to. 

Campbell's Translation of the Gospels, 2 vols. 4to. 

Marsh's Michaelis, 3 vols. 8vo. 



1804.] 



APPENDIX. 31 9 



Bowyer's Conjectures on the New Testament, 4to. 
Macknight's Harmony, 4to. 
Macknight on the Epistles, 3 vols. 4to. 
Lowman on the Revelation, 8vo. 
Oliver's Scripture Lexicon, 8vo. 
Macbean's Dictionary of the Bible, 8vo. 

CLASS THE SECOND. 

Stillingfleet's Origines Sacrae, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Clarke's Grotius, 8vo. 

Clarke's Evidences of Natural and Revealed Religion, 8vO. 

Lardner's Works, 11 vols. 8vo. 

Paley's Evidences, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Paley's Horae Paulinas, 8vo. 

Tenkins on the Certainty and Reasonableness of Christianity, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Leland on the Advantage and Necessity of Revelation, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Leland's View of Deistical Writers, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Butler's Analogy, 8vo. 

Campbell on Miracles, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Newton on the Prophecies, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Kelt's History the Interpreter of Prophecy, 3 vols. 12mo. 

Leland on the Divine Authority of the Old and New Testament, 2 vols. 

CLASS THE THIRD. 

Burnet's History of the Reformation, 3 vols. folio. 

Burnet's Exposition of the Thirty-nine Articles, 8vo. 

Burnet's Pastoral Care, 8vo. 

Pearson on the Creed, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Nicholls on the Common Prayer, 8vo. 

Wheatley on the Common Prayer, 8vo. 

Shepherd on the Common Prayer, 8vo. 

Wilson's Parochialia, 12mo. 

Wall on Infant Baptism, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Seeker on the Catechism, 12mo. 

'Seeker's Charges, 8vo. 

The Homilies, by Sir Adam Gordon, 8vo. 

Daubeny's Guide to the Church. 

Daubeny's Appendix to the same, 2 vols. 

CLASS THE FOURTH. 

Cudworth's Intellectual System, 2 vols. 4to. 

Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity, 3 vols. 8vo. 

Bingham's Antiquities, 2 vols. folio. 

Broughton's Dictionary of all Religions, 2 vols. folio. 

Shuckford's Connection, 4 vob?. 8vo. 

Prideaux's Connection, 4 vols. 8vo. 

Echard's Ecclesiastical History, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, 6 vols. 8vo. 

Burns' Ecclesiastical Law, 4 vols. 8vo. 

Common Place Book to the Holy Bible, 4to. 

Barrow's Works, 3 vols: folio. 

Tillotson's Works, 3 vols. folio. 

Clarke's Sermons, 8 vols. 8vo. 



320 APPENDIX. [1804. 

Sl-erlock's Sermons, 5 vols. 8vo.. 

Seeker's Sermons, 9 vols. 8vo. 

Scott's Christian Life, 5 vols. 8vo. 

Whole Duty of Man, 12mo. 

Scholar Armed, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Tracts by Society for Christian Knowledge, 12 vols. 12mo. 

In addition to the preceding, may be recommended the following list 
of Sermons and devotional and practical books. 

Sermons by Bishop Pearce, Bishop Wilson, Bishop Home, Bishop Por- 
teus, Dr. Jortin, Dr. Brady ; by the late Right Rev. Bishop Seabury of 
this Church; by the late Rev. Dr. Smith, of the same; Bishop Gibson's 
Tracts; Bishop Home's Commentary on the Psalms; Rev. Wm. Jones's 
(of Nayland) Works; Nelson's Festivals and Fasts of the Church, Nel 
son's Practice of True Devotion; Nelson's Christian Sacrifice; Bishop 
Taylor's Rule of Holy Living and Dying ; Scougall's Life of God in the 
Soul of Man; Dr. Sherlock on Death, on Judgment, on a Future 
State, on Providence^- 

BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS: 

WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 



(jfinons. 



PASSED IN 1804. 



CANON I. Concerning the Election and Induction of Minis 
ters into Parishes or Churches. 

It is hereby required, that on the election of a Minister into any church 
or parish, the Vestry shall deliver, or cause to be delivered to the bishop, 
or, where there is no bishop, to the standing committee of the diocese, 
notice of the same, in the following form, or to this effect. 

" We the church wardens [or in case of an associated rector or assist 
ant minister, We, the rector and church wardens] do certify to the Right 
Rev. [naming the bishop], or to the rev. [naming the President of the 
standing committee] that [naming the person] has been duly chosen 
rector [or associated rector, or assistant minister, as the case may be] 
of [naming the parish, or church, or churches]." 

Which certificate shall be signed with the names of those who certify. 

And if the bishop or the standing committee be satisfied that the per 
son so chosen is a qualified minister of this church, the bishop, or the 
president of the standing committee, shall transmit the said certificate to 
the secretary of the Convention, who shall record it in a book to be kept 
by him for that purpose. And if the minister elect be a presbyter, the 
bishop, or the president of the standing committee, shall proceed to have 
him inducted according to the Office established by this Church. But if 
he be a Deacon, the act of induction shall not take place till after he 
shall have received priest's orders, when it shall be the duty of the bishop 
or president to have it performed. 

But if the bishop or the standing committee be not satisfied as above, 
he or they shall, at the instance of the parties, proceed to inquire into the 
sufficiency of the person so chosen, according to such rules as may be 
made in the respective dioceses, and shall confirm or reject the appoint 
ment, as the issue of that enquiry may be. 

No minister, who may be hereafter elected into any parish or church, 
shall be considered as a regularly admitted and settled parochial minister 
in any diocese or state, or shall, as such, have any vote in the choice of a 
bishop, until he shall have been inducted according to the Office prescribed 
by this Church. 

The 17th Canon of 1789, and the third Canon of 1799, are hereby re 
pealed. 

CANON II. Respecting the dissolution of all pastoral con 
nection between Ministers and their Congregations. 

When any minister has been regularly inducted or settled in a parish 
or church, he shall not be dismissed without the concurrence of the ec- 

VOL. I. 21 (321) 



322 APPENDIX. [1804. 

clesiastical authority of the diocese or state; and in case of his dismission 
without such concurrence, the Vestry or congregation of such parish or 
Church shall have no right to a representation in the Convention of the 
state, until they have made such satisfaction as the Convention may re 
quire. Nor shall any minister leave his congregation against their will, 
without the concurrence of the ecclesiastical authority aforesaid ; and if 
he shall leave them without such concurrence, he shall not be allowed to 
take a seat in any Convention of this Church, or be eligible into any 
Church or parish within the states which have acceded to the Constitu 
tion of this Church, until he shall have made such satisfaction as the ec 
clesiastical authority of the diocese or state may require. 

In the case of the regular and canonical dissolution of the connection 
between a minister and his congregation, the bishop, or if there be no 
bishop, the standing committee shall direct the secretary of the Conven 
tion to record the same. But if the dissolution of the connection between 
any minister and his congregation be not regular or canonical, the bishop 
or standing committee shall lay the same before the Convention of the di 
ocese or state, in order that the above-mentioned penalties may take 
effect. 

CANON" IH. Concerning Ministers removing from one 
Diocese or State to another. 

No minister, removing from one diocese to another, or coming from 
any state which may not have acceded to the Constitution of this church, 
shall be received as a minister by any congregation of this Church, until 
he shall have presented to the Vestry thereof a certificate from the eccle 
siastical authority of the diocese or state to which he is about to remove, 
that he has produced to them satisfactory testimonials that he has not 
been justly liable to evil report, for error in religion or viciousness of life, 
during the three years last past ; which testimonials shall be signed by 
the bishop or bishops, or, where there is no bishop, by the majority of the 
clerical members of the standing committee or committees of the diocese 
or dioceses wherein he has resided j which committee or committees shall, 
in all cases, be duly convened: or, in case he comes from a state not in 
connection with this Church, and having no Convention, by three clergy 
men of this Church. Nor shall any minister, so removing, be received 
by any Vestry, or acknowledged by any bishop or Convention, as a min 
ister of the Church to which he removes, until he shall have produced 
the aforesaid testimonials. 

Every minister shall be amenable for any offences committed by him, 
in any diocese, to the ecclesiastical authority of the diocese in which he 
resides. 

CANON IV. Respecting differences between Ministers and 
their Congregations. 

In cases of controversy between ministers who now, or may hereafter 
hold the rectorship of churches or parishes, and the vestry or congrega 
tion of such churches or parishes, which controversies are of such a na 
ture as cannot be settled by themselves, the parties, or either of them, 
shall make application to the bishop of the diocese, or, in case there be 
no bishop, to the Convention of the state. And .if it appear to the bishop 



1804.] APPENDIX. 323 

and his presbyters, or, if there be no bishop, to the Convention, or the 
standing committee of the diocese or state, if the authority should be 
committed to them by the Convention, that the controversy has proceeded 
to such lengths, as to preclude all hope of its favourable termination, and 
that a dissolution of the connection which exists between them is indis 
pensably necessary to restore the peace and promote the prosperity of the 
Church : the Bishop and his presbyters, or, if there be no bishop, the 
Convention, or the standing committee of the diocese or state, if the au 
thority should be committed to them by the Convention, shall recommend 
to such ministers to relinquish their titles to their rectorships, on such 
conditions as may appear reasonable and proper to the bishop and his 
presbyters, or, if there be no bishop, to the Convention, or the standing 
committee of the diocese or state, if the authority should be committed 
to them by the Convention. And if such rectors or congregations refuse 
to comply with such recommendations, the Bishop and his presbyters, or, 
if there be no bishop, the Convention or the standing committee of the 
diocese or state, if the authority should be committed to them by the Con 
vention, with the aid and consent of a bishop, may, at their discretion, 
proceed according to the Canons of the Church, to suspend the former 
from the exercise of any ministerial duties within the diocese or state, and 
prohibit the latter from a seat in the Convention, until they retract such 
refusal, and submit to the terms of the recommendation ; and any minis 
ter so suspended shall not be permitted, during his suspension, to exercise 
any ministerial duties in any other diocese or state. This Canon shall 
apply also to the cases of associated rectors and assistant ministers and 
their congregations. 

CANON V. Of Clergymen ordained by foreign Bishops, and 
desirous of settling in this Church. 

A clergyman coming from a foreign country, and professing to be re 
gularly ordained, shall, before he be permitted to officiate in any parish 
or church, exhibit to the Vestry thereof satisfactory evidence of his moral 
character, and a certificate signed by the bishop of the diocese, or, where 
there is no bishop, by three clerical members of the standing committee, 
that his letters of Orders are authentic, and given by some bishop whose 
authority is acknowledged by this Church. And should any such cler 
gyman desire to settle in any diocese, he shall first obtain the license of 
the bishop, or, where there is no bishop, the permission of three clerical 
members of the standing committee, to officiate within the diocese or 
state. And if, within one year, he shall be guilty of any unworthy con 
duct, the bishop, or, where there is no bishop, three clerical members of 
the standing committee, shall withdraw this license or permission ; nor 
shall he be allowed to discharge the clerical functions, till he shall have 
produced to the bishop such testimonials as are prescribed in the 2d Ca 
non of 1795, or to the clerical members of the standing committee, such 
credentials as would induce them to give said testimonials. 

And in any case, before he shall be entitled to be inducted into a parish 
or church, he shall have resided one year in the United States. 

And if any such foreign clergyman shall remove from one diocese to 
another, before one year have expired, he shall not be allowed by the ec 
clesiastical authority of the diocese to which he goes, to officiate in said 
diocese, till he shall have complied with the requisitions of the Canon, 
concerning ministers removing from one diocese or state to another. 

The 9th Canon of the Convention of 1789 is hereby repealed. 



324 APPENDIX. [1804. 

. CANON VI. Limiting the operation of Canon 6, of 1795. 

When a minister of any other denomination of Christians shall apply 
for Orders in this Church, the Bishop to whom application is made, being 
satisfied that he "is a man of piety and unexceptionable character, that he 
holds the doctrines of the Church, and that he possesses all the literary 
and other qualifications required, and being furnished with testimonials 
from the standing committee duly convened, may ordain him as soon as 
is convenient. In all such cases the standing committee may insert in 
their testimonials the words, " We believe him to be sincerely attached to 
the doctrines and discipline of the Protestant Episcopal Church," instead 
of the words, " and hath not written, taught, or held any thing contrary 
to the doctrine or discipline of the Protestant Episcopal Church." 

CANON VII. Additional to Canon 6, of 1795. 

Every candidate for Holy Orders, who may be recommended by a 
standing committee of any Church destitute of a bishop, if he have re 
sided for the greater part of the three years last past within the diocese 
of any bishop, shall apply to such bishop for ordination. And such can 
didate shall produce the usual testimonials, as well from the committee of 
the diocese in which he has resided, as from the committee of the Church 
in the state for which he is to be ordained. 

CANON VIII. Of Candidates coming from places within 
the United States, in which the Constitution of this 
Church has not been acceded to. 

It is hereby declared, that the Canons of this Church, which respect 
candidates for Holy Orders, shall affect as well those coming from places 
in the United States in which the Constitution of this Church has not 
been acceded to, as those residing in States in which it has been adopted ; 
and in such cases, every candidate shall produce to the bishop, to whom 
he may apply for Holy Orders, the requisite testimonials, subscribed by 
the standing committee of the diocese. 

CANON IX. Of Candidates who may he refused Orders. 

No bishop shall ordain any candidate until he has required of him, 
whether he has ever, directly or indirectly, applied for Orders in any 
other diocese or state ; and if the bishop has reason to believe that the 
candidate has been refused Orders in any other diocese or state, he shall 
write to the bishop of the diocese, or, if there be no bishop, to the stand 
ing committee, to know whether any just cause exists why the candidate 
should not be ordained. When any bishop rejects the application of any 
candidate for Orders, he shall immediately give notice to the bishop of 
every state or diocese, or, where there is no bishop, to the standing com 
mittee. 

CANON X. Respecting Lay Readers. 

No candidate for Holy Orders shall take upon him to perform devo 
tional service in any Church, but by the permission of the bishop or ec 
clesiastical authority of the state in which said candidate may wish to 
perform such service. And it shall be the duty of the bishop or ecclesi 
astical authority to limit and confine every such candidate to such part \f 



1804.] APPENDIX. 325 

parts of the Common Prayer Book, to such dress, and to such stations 
in the Church, as are appropriate only to lay readers : and also to point 
out what sermons or homilies he shall or may read to his congregation. 
And a non-conformity on the part of the candidate to such restrictions, 
shall be deemed in all cases a disqualification for Holy Orders. 

CANON XI. Providing for an accurate view of the State 
of the Church from time to time. 

As a full and accurate view of the State of the Church, from time to 
time, is highly useful and necessary, it is hereby ordered, that every mi 
nister of this Church shall present or forward, at every annual Conven 
tion, to the bishop of the diocese, or, where there is no bishop, to the pre 
sident of the Convention, a particular account of the state of his parish 
or Church ; and these parochial reports shail be read, and entered on the 
Journals of the Convention. At every General Convention, the Journals 
of the different State Conventions since the last General Convention, to 
gether with such other papers, viz., Episcopal charges, addresses, and 
pastoral letters, as may tend to throw light on the state of the Church in 
each diocese, shall be presented to the House of Clerical and Lay De- 
puties. And the parochial reports inserted on those journals, together 
with the Episcopal addresses and the Episcopal registers, specified in the 
2d Canon of 1801, shall be read in the said house. These journals and 
documents shall then be sent by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
to the House of Bishops, who shall be requested to draw up a view of the 
state of the Church, adding such remarks or counsel as they may think 
proper: the whole in the form of a Pastoral Letter from the House of 
Bishops, which shall be read in the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
and printed with the Journals of the Convention, for the general infor 
mation of the Church. 

It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Convention of every dio 
cese or state, or of the person or persons with whom the journals, or other 
Ecclesiastical papers are lodged, to forward to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, at every General Convention, the documents and papers 
specified in this Canon. . At the first General Convention held after the 
passing of this Canon, the Journals of the state Conventions, since the 
organization of those Conventions, with the Constitutions and Canons of 
the Church in each state respectively, with all other useful Ecclesiastical 
documents, shall be presented to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, and sent, as before directed, to the House of Bishops. 
BY ORDER OP THE HOUSE OF BISHOPS: 
WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attest: CAVE JONES, Secretary. 

BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES; 

ABRAHAM BEACH, D.D., PRESIDENT. 
Attest: J. H. HOBART, Secretary. 

The next General Convention will be held in the city of 
Baltimore, on the third Tuesday in May, 1808. 



His! of fljp (Jlergg 



OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

In the United States of America, 1804. 

Delivered in and published agreeably to the 16th Canon 
of 1789. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
Rev. Joseph Willard, rector of St. John's church, Portsmouth. 

Rev. Robert H. Fowle, rector of church, Holdernesse. 

Rev. Daniel Barber, rector of church, Clairmont. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
The Right Rev. Samuel Parker, D.D., Bishop, and rector of Trinity 

church, Boston. 
Rev. William Willard Wheeler, rector of St. Michael's church, Scituate, 

and St. Peter's, Marshfield. 

Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, rector of St. Peter's church, Salem. 
Rev. John Sylvester I. Gardner, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, 

Boston. 

Rev. Samuel Haskill, rector of St. Ann's church, Gardiner. 
Rev. William M. Montague, rector of St. Paul's church, Dedham. 
Rev. James Bowers, rector of St. Michael's church, Marblehead. 
Rev. Timothy Hilliard, Minister of the church at Portland. 
Rev. James Morss, Minister of St. Paul's, Newburyport. 
Rev. Amos Pardy, rector of St. Luke's church, Lanesborough. 
Kev. Samuel Griswold, rector of St. James's church, Great Barrington, and 

the church at Lenox. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. Theodore Dehon, rector of Trinity church, Newport. 
Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, rector of St. Michael's church, Bristol. 
Rev. Joseph Warren, rector of St. Paul's church, Xarraganset. 

CONNECTICUT. 
The Right Rev. Abraham Jarvis D.D., Bishop. 

(327) 



328 APPENDIX. [1804. 

Rev. Jeremiah Learning, residing at New Haven. 

Rev. William Smith, D.D., Principal of the Episcopal Academy, 

Cheshire. 
Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church at Derby, and of 

the Churches of Oxford and Great Hill. 
Rev. Bela Hubbard, D.D., rector of Trinity church, New Haven and Christ 

church, West Haven. 
Rev. John Tyler, rector of Christ church, Norwich. 

Rev. Daniel Fogg, rector of church, Pomfret. 

Rev. Philo Shelton, rector of Trinity church, Fairfield, St. John's, Strat- 

field, and church in Weston. 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, rector of Christ church, Stratford, and Trinity 

church, Trumbull. 
Rev. Chauncey Prindle, rector of Christ church, Watertown, and St. 

Peter's, Plymouth. 
Rev. Reuben Ives, rector of St. Peter's church, Cheshire, and the churches 

of Hamden and Southington. 
Rev. Tillotson Bronson, rector of St. John's church, Waterbury, and 

church, Salem. 

Rev. Truman Marsh, rector of church, Litchfield. 

Rev. Ambrose Todd, rector of St. Paul's church, Huntingdon. 

Rev. Daniel Burhans, rector of Trinity church, Newtown, and 

church, Brookfield. 

Rev. Solomon Blakesley, rector of St. Stephen's church, East Haddam. 
Rev. Charles Seabury, rector of St. James's church, New London. 
Rev. Smith Miles, rector of the churches at Chatham and Middle Had 
dam. 

Rev. Menzies Rayner, rector of church, Hartford. 

Rev. Nathan B. Burges, rector of the churches at Guilford and North 

Bristol. 

Rev. Henry Whitlock, rector of the churches at Norwalk and Wilton. 
Rev. Clement Merriam, rector of Christ church, Middletown. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Bishop, and rector of Trinity 

church, New York. 
Rev. Peter Anthony Albert, rector of the French church De le St.-Esprit, 

New York. 

Rev. Theodosius Bartow, rector of Trinity church, New Rochelle. 
Rev. Edmund D. Barry, Assistant Minister of the church De le St.-Esprit, 

New York. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Assistant Ministers of Trinity church, New 

York. 

Rev. Frederick Beasley, rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 
Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Professor of Moral Philosophy, Logic, and 

Rhetoric in Columbia College, New York. 
Rev. Richard Bradford, rector of St. Luke's church, Catskill. 
Rev. David Butler, officiating at Troy and Lansinburgh. 
Rev. Philander Chase, rector of Christ church, Poughkeepsie, and Trinity 

church, Fishkill. 
Rev. Abraham L. Clarke, rector of St. James's church, Newtown, and St. 

George's, Flushing. 
Rev. Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's church, Yonkers. 



1804.] APPENDIX. 329 

Rev. William Harris, rector of St. Mark's church, Bowery, New York. 

Rev. Seth Hart, rector of St. George's church, Hempstead, with which is 
connected Christ Church, North Hempstead. 

Rev. John Henry Hobart, an Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 
York. 

Rev. John Ireland, rector of St. Anne's church, Brooklyn. 

Rev. Cave Jones, an Assistant Minister, Trinity church, New York. 

Rev. Bethel Judd, rector of Christ church, Hudson. 

Rev. Jonathan Judd, Deacon, Missionary in the western part of the State. 

Rev. Richard C. Moore, rector of St. Andrew's church, Staten Island. 

Rev. Daniel Nash, rector of St. John's church, Otsego, St. Luke's, Rich 
field, and Harmony church, Butternuts. 

Rev. Samuel Nesbitt, residing in New York. 

Rev. Philo Perry, officiating in the Church, New Stamford. 

Rev. Davenport Phelps, Missionary in the western part of the State. 

Rev. Joseph Pilmore, rector of Christ church, New York. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, New York. 

Rev. Evan Rogers, rector of Christ church, Rye. 

Rev. George Strebeck, Deacon, officiating in the congregations at Bedford 
and its vicinity. 

Rev. Gamaliel Thatcher, Missionary in the western part of the State. 

Rev. John Urquhart, Principal of the Academy at Johnstown. 

Rev. Frederick Van Home, rector of St. Andrew's church, Orange co. 

Rev. Isaac Wilkins, rector of St. Peter's church, West Chester, and St. 
Paul's church, East Chester. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Uzal Ogden, D.D., rector of Trinity church, Newark. 

Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., rector of St. Mary's church, Burlington. 

Rev. Henry Waddell, rector of St. Michael's church, Trenton. 

Rev. John Croes, rector of Christ church, New Brunswick, and St. Pe 
ter's church, Spotswood. 

Rev. Andrew Fowler, rector of Christ church, Shrewsbury, and Christ 
church, Middletown. 

Rev. Jasper D. Jones, Rector of St. Peter's church, Perth Amboy. 

Rev. Henry I. Feltus, Minister at Trinity church, Swedesborough. 

Rev. Samuel Lilly, rector of St. John's church, Elizabethtown. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, rector of the Episcopal churches of York and Hun 
tingdon. 

Rev. Slator Clay, rector of St. David's, Radnor; St. Peter's in the Valley, 
and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson, rector of St. James's, Lancaster, church, Pe- 

quea, and church, Carnarvon. 

Rev. Robert Ayres, rector of Emanuel church, Washington county, and 
St. Peter's church, Fayette county. 



330 APPENDIX. [1804. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland county. 

Rev. Joseph Turner, rector of St. Paul's church, Chester, and St. Mar 
tin's, Marcus Hook. 

Rev. Caleb Hopkins, rector of Christ church, Derry Township, and Christ 
church, Turbut township, Northumberland county. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Washington county. 

Rev. James Abercrombie, Assistant Minister of Christ church and St, 
Peter's, Philadelphia. 

Rev. Absalom Jones (a black man), rector of the African church of St. 
Thomas's, Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Taylor, Pittsburgh. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Emanuel church, New Castle. 
Rev. William Pryce, Trinity church, Wilmington. 
Rev. James Wiltbank, St. Peter's church, Lewes. 
Rev. William L. Gibson, St. Paul's church, Georgetown. 

MARYLAND. 
The Right Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., Bishop, and rector of St. 

Paul's parish, Prince George's county. 

Rev. Charles Smoot, rector of William and Mary parish, St. Mary's. 
Rev. George Ralph, All Faith, St. Mary's. 
Rev. Francis Walker, St. Andrew's, St. Mary's. 
Rev. Benjamin Contee, William and Mary, Charles. 
Rev Owen F. Magrath, King and Queen, Charles. 
Rev. Edward Gant, Jun., Christ church, Calvert. 
Rev. Joseph Messinger, St. John's, Prince George's county. 
Rev. Thomas Scott, Queen Anne's, Prince George's. 
Rev. Walter D. Addison, residing in Prince George's. 
Rev. John W. Compton, St. James', Anne ArundeL 
Rev. William Duke, St. Anne's, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, All Hallows, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Ralph Higinbothom, residing in Annapolis, Anne Arundel. 
Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's, Montgomery. 
Rev. Reynolds, St. Peter's, Montgomery. 
Rev. George Bower, rector of All Saints, Frederick. 
Rev. John Kewley, Emanuel, Albany. 

Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D.D., St. Paul's parish, Baltimore county. 
Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, D.D., St. Paul's parish, Baltimore county. 
Rev. John Coleman, St. James's and St. Thomas's, Baltimore county. 
Rev. William Swan, residing in Baltimore county. 
Rev. George Dashiell, St. Peter's, Baltimore, 
Rev. John Allen, rector of St. George's, Harford. 
Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, St. Stephen's, Cecil. 
Rev. Simon Wilmer, Shrewsbury, Kent. 
Rev. John Armstrong, St. Paul's, Kent. 

Rev. Colin Ferguson, D.D., residing in Chestertown, Kent county. 
Rev Archibald Walker, near Chestertown, Kent county. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., residing in Queen Anne's. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, Jun., residing in Queen Anne's. 
Rev. Joseph Jackson, St. Peter's, Talbot. 
John Price, St. Michael's, Talbot. 
Rev. Francis Barclay, residing in Easton, Talbot. 



1804.] APPENDIX. 331 

Rev. James Kemp, Great Choptank, Dorchester. 

Rev. William M. Stone, Stepney, Somerset. 

R ev. Samuel Sloan, residing in Somerset. 

Rev. David Ball, All Hallows, Worcester. 

Rev. James Jones Wilmer, place of residence not known. 

Resident in that part of the District of Columbia, formerly part of 

Maryland : 
Rev. John I. Sayrs. 
Rev. Andrew M'Cormick. 
Rev. Edward Gantt. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Charles O'Neill, rector of , Amherat. 

Rev. Alexander Hay, Antrim. 

Rev. Gray Bottetourt. 

Rev. Hugh Corran Boggs, Berkeley. 

Rev. Heath, Berkley. 

Rev. Benjamin Brown, Blisland. 

Rev. Andrew Syme, Bristol. 

Rev. John Cameron, D.D., rector of 

Rev. Alexander M'Parland, Brunswick. 

Rev. John Bracken, D.D., Bruton. 

Rev. John Camm, Charles. 

Rev. Heffernen, Christ Church. 

Rev. James Elliot, Cople. 

Rev. Needier Robinson. Dale. 

Rev. Spence Grayson, Dettingen. 

Rev. Daniel M'Naughton, Christ Church. 

Rev. James Whitehead, Elizabeth River. 

Rev. Thomas Davis Fairfax. 

Rev. Alexander Balmain, Frederick. 

Rev. John O'Weylie, Lecturer, Frederick. 

Rev. Matthew Maury, Fredericksville. 

Rev. John Hooker Reynolds, Hardy. 

Rev. John Buchanan, D.D., Henrico. 

Rev. John Thompson, Leeds. 

Rev. Charles Crawford, Lexington, 

Rev. William Crawford, 

Rev. James Dickinson, Littleton. 

Rev. Young, Lunenburg. 

Rev. Anthony Walke, Lynhaven. 

Rev. Armistead Smith, Matthews. 

Rev. John Dunn, Manchester. 

Rev. James Leach, Mecklenburg. < 

Rev. William Hubard, Newport. 

Rev. Jacob Keeling, Nansemond. 

Rev. Robert Buchan, Overwharton. 

Rev. Arthur Emerson, Portsmouth. 

Rev. John Brunskill, Raleigh. 

Rev. Stevenson, St. George's. 

Rev. Charles Hopkins, St. James's, Northam. 

Rev. James Price, St. John's. 



332 APPENDIX. [1804. 

Rev. Thomas Hughes, St. David. 
Rev. Archibald Dick, St. Margaret's. 
Rev. John Woodville, St. Mark's. 
Rev. Abner Waugh, St. Mary's. 

Rev. John Parsons, - 

Rev. John Seward, St. Stephen's. 

Rev. John Hyde, Saunders, Southam. 

Rev. Samuel Butler, Southwark. 

Rev. Lee Massey, Truro. 

Rev. Samuel Chapin, Westover. 

Rv. James Evans, Yorkhampton. 

Rev. John C. Brockenboroug, Washington. 

Rev. Duncan M'Naughton, Wicomico. 

Rev. Joseph Wilson, Rev. Stephen Thomson, Rev. Cornelius Carvert, cures 

not known. , . . 

The list from this State is the same as in the Journal of the last Gene- 
lal Convention, no new list having been delivered in. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Rev. Edward Jenkins, D.D., St. Michael's, Charleston. 
Rev. Nathanael Bowen, St. Michael's, Charleston. 

Rev. Milwood Pogson, St. James's, Goose Creek, St. George's, Dorchester. 
Rev. John Thompson, St. Thomas's. 

Rev. Thomas Mills, St. Andrew's, James' Island, St. Andrew's, Main. 
Rev. Edmund Matthews, St. John's, Edisto. 
Rev. Nixon, St. Bartholomew's. 
Rev. Thomas D. Bladen, St. James', Santee. 
Rev. James Connor, St. Stephen's. 
Rev. George H. Spierin, Prince George's. 
Rev. John O'Donnel, All Saints. 
Rev. Frazier, Prince Frederick's. 
Rev. Gates, D.D. 
Rev. Hicks, Minister of the church at Beaufort. 

Residents in the State without cures : 
Rev. M'Culley, Master of an Academy, Beaufort. 
Rev. Blackwall. 
Rev. Best, Master of an Academy, Charleston. 

No new list from this State has been delivered in. The list published 
is probably inaccurate, as it was drawn up from imperfect information. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OP THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OF THE 



fwfinhtit 



is 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



A CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



THE CITY OF BALTIMORE, FROM TUESDAY, MAY 17, TO 
THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1808. 

(333) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 



FROM THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. 
Rev. Theodore Dehon. 

FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. 
Rev. Ashbel Baldwin. 
Rev. Daniel Burhans. 
Burrage Beach, Esq. 
Mr. Joseph Nicoll. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D. 
Rev. Richard C. Moore, D.D. 
Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D. 
Dr. John Onderdonk. 
John Moore, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 
Joshua M. Wallace, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 
Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D. 
Rev. Joseph Clarkson. 
Rev. Levi Bull. 
John Lardner, Esq. 
Dr. P. F. Glentworth. 
Joseph Sims, Esq. 

FROM THE STATE OF DELAWARE. 
Rev. William Pryce. 
Mr. Joseph Burn. 

FROM THE STATE OF MARYLAND. 
Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D.D. 
Rev. James Kemp, D.D. 
Rev. George Dashiell. 
Rev. Simon Wilmer. 
William H. Dorsey, Esq. 
James Ringgold, Esq. 
John C. Weems, Esq. 
George Robertson, Esq. 

(335) 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



ojf (Jfairal anil Hag 




BALTIMORE, May 17, 1808. 
being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, several 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended at 12 o'clock, A.M., in 
St. Paul's Church, but not being a quorum, adjourned to 
meet at 5 o'clock, P.M. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

A quorum of the house appearing, the President of the 
house in the last Convention took the chair, and the Secre 
tary of the house in the last Convention acted as Secretary 
pro tempore. 

The house then proceeded to read the testimonials of the 
Clerical and Lay Delegates, which were severally approved, 
and the following gentlemen took their seats in the house. 

From Rhode Island The Rev. Theodore Dehon. 

From Connecticut The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rev. Dan 
iel Burhans, Burrage Beach, Esq., and Mr. Joseph Nicoll. 

From New York, the Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Rev. 
Richard C. Moore, D.D., the Rev. John H. Hobart, D.D., 
Dr. John Onderdonk. and John Moore, Esq. 

From Pennsylvania The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, John 
Lardner, Esq., and Dr. P. F. Glentworth. 

From Delaware Rev. William Pryce and Mr. Jos. Burns* 
VOL. I. 22 (337) 



338 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

From Maryland The Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D.D., the 
Rev. James Kemp, D.D., the Rev. George Dashiell, the Rev. 
Simon Wilmer, James Ringgold, Esq., and William H. 
Dorsey, Esq. 

The house proceeded to the election of a President and 
Secretary, when it appeared that the Rev. Abraham Beach 
was unanimously chosen President, and the Rev. J. H. Ho- 
bart, Secretary. 

A message was sent to the House of Bishops, informing 
them that this house was organized, and ready to proceed to 
business. 

The House of Bishops returned for answer that they also 
were organized, and ready to proceed to business. 

The house took into consideration the rules of order of 
preceding Houses of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and adopt 
ed the same, as follows, with some small alterations. 

I. The business of every day shall be introduced with the 
Morning Service of the Church. 

II. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, unless to 
address the chair. 

III. No member shall absent himself from the service of 
the house, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

IV. When any member is about to speak in debate, or de 
liver any matter to the house, he shall rise from his seat, 
and, without advancing, shall, with due respect, address him 
self to the President, confining himself strictly to the point 
in debate. 

V. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate, without leave of the house. 

VI. A question being once determined, shall stand as the 
judgment of the house, and shall not be again drawn into 
debate during the same session, unless with the consent of 
two-thirds of the house. 

VII. While the President is putting any question, no one 
shall hold private discourse, stand up, walk into, out of, or 
across the house, or read any book. 

VIII. Every member who shall be in the house when any 
question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless he 
be particularly interested in the decision. 

IX. No motion shall be considered as before the house, 
unless it be seconded, and reduced to writing when required. 

X. When any question is before the house, it shall be dc 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 339 

termined on before any thing new is introduced, except the 
question for adjournment. 

XI. The question on a motion for adjournment shall be 
taken before any other, and without debate. 

XII. When the house is to rise, every member shall keep 
his seat until the President leaves the chair. 

On motion Resolved, That the Clergy of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, who may be in the city of Baltimore, and 
who are not members of this house, shall be admitted to the 
sittings of the same. 

This house Resolved, That in consequence of the decease 
of the Right Rev. Bishop Parker, who had been appointed 
to open the meeting of this Convention with a Sermon, the 
House of Bishops be requested to appoint one of their num 
ber to perform that duty; and the Rev. Dr. Bend was ap 
pointed to communicate this request to the House of Bishops. 

The Rev. Dr. Bend returned with a message from the 
House of Bishops, that the Right Rev. Bishop White intends 
to open the Convention with a discourse to-morrow, at the 
h-our which has been publicly notified for divine service. 

On motion Resolved, That the hour of meeting each day 
shall be at 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The Rev. Mr. Dashiell, the rector of St. Peter's, gave no 
tice that there would be divine service and sermon in that 
church every evening during the Session. 

The Rev. Dr. Bend informed the house, that the Church 
of St. Paul's and Christ Church were not fitted for service 
by candle-light. 



WEDNESDAY, May 18, 1808, A.M. 

The house attended divine service in St. Paul's church. 

The Rev. Dr. Beach performed the service, and the Right 
Rev. Bishop White preached a Sermon adapted to the occa 
sion of the meeting of the Convention. 

After divine service the house met. 

The Rev. Levi Bull, a Clerical deputy from Pennsylvania, 
and George Robertson, Esq., a Lay deputy from Maryland, 
appeared and took their seats. 

The testimonial of the appointment of deputies from New 
Jersey was read and approved of, and Joshua M. Wallace, 



340 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

Esq., a Lay deputy from New Jersey, appeared and took his 
seat. 

On motion, Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of 
the Convention be returned to the Right Rev. Bishop White 
for his Sermon preached before the Convention this morning, 
and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publication. 

The House of Bishops concurred in this resolution, and 
informed this house that the Right Rev. Bishop White would 
furnish a copy of his Sermon for the purpose aforesaid. 

On motion Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to 
revise the Canons, and to report the same for the considera 
tion of this house. 

The following gentlemen were appointed the Committee. 
The Rev. Dr. Kemp, Rev. Mr. Baldwin, Rev. Dr. Hobart, 
Dr. John Onderdonk, and Joshua M. W T allace, Esq. 

The house took up the alteration proposed by tlie last 
General Convention, in the Constitution of the Church, viz., 
that in Article III. the words, " unless adhered to by four- 
fifths of the other house," be struck out; and the further 
consideration thereof postponed until to-morrow. 

A memorial to the General Convention was presented and 
read from the Convention of the Clergy and the Lay Dele 
gates of the Protestant Episcopal Church in New Hamp 
shire, praying the Convention to rescind a resolution of the 
General Convention of 1801, relative to the permission of 
an union between certain churches in New Hampshire and 
the church in Vermont. The memorial was referred to the 
Rev. Mr. Baldwin, Rev. Mr. Burhans, and Burrage Beach, 
Esq., to report thereon. 

The house adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 19, 1808. 

The house met, and Morning Service was performed by 
the Secretary, as Chaplain to the house. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., a Clerical deputy from 
Pennsylvania; Joseph Sims, Esq., a Lay deputy from Penn 
sylvania; and John C. Weems, Esq., a Lay deputy from 
Maryland, appeared and took their seats. 

The house resumed the consideration of the resolution pro 
posed by the last General Convention, viz. 

Resolved, That in Article III. of the Constitution of the 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 341 

Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, the words, " unless adhered to by four-fifths of the other 
house," be struck out. 

The question being taken by States on the above resolu 
tion, it was agreed to as follows: 

Rhode Island Clergy, Aye. Aye. 

Connecticut Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. Aye. 

New York Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. Aye. 

New Jersey Laity, Aye. Aye. 

Pennsylvania Clergy, Aye; Laity, No.(l) Divided. 

Delaware Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. Aye. 

Maryland Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. Aye. 

The Rev. Dr. Bend and the Rev. Dr. Moore were re 
quested to carry the above resolution to the House of Bish 
ops, who returned it with their concurrence. 

Agreeably to the llth Canon of 1804, the Journals of 
the State Conventions and other ecclesiastical documents 
were presented; and after the parochial reports and episco 
pal addresses contained on those Journals were read, the 
Journals and documents were transmitted to the House of 
Bishops, with a request that they would draw up a view of 
the state of the Church, adding such remarks or counsel as 
they might think proper, in the form of a Pastoral Letter 
from the House of Bishops, agreeably to the llth Canon of 
1804. 

The Deputies from the Church in Maryland informed the 
house, that they were instructed by the Convention of said 
Church, to call the attention of the General Convention to 
the expediency of adopting the English Canon concerning 
marriages, and inserting the same in future editions of the 
Book of Common Prayer; and to the expediency of setting 
forth a Companion for the Altar; and they stated that they 
were also instructed to enforce the necessity of adopting an 
additional number of hymns. 

In consequence of the above communication, the house 
adopted the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That the communication from the Convention 
of the Church in Maryland, on the subject of the English 

(1) Joseph Sims, Esq., and Dr. P. F. Glentworth, Lay deputies from, 
this State, were in favour of the resolution, but voted in the negative, be 
cause they supposed it necessary that they should have received instruc 
tions on the subject from the Convention of the State, which instructions 
they had not received. 



342 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

Canon concerning marriages, be referred to the House of 
Bishops, with a request that they will consider the same, if 
they deem it expedient, during the present or at some future 
Convention, and will make any communication to this house 
which they may deem proper. 

Resolved, That it is not expedient to take any order on 
the subject of setting forth a Companion for the Altar. The 
above resolutions were sent to the House of Bishops for their 
concurrence. 

Resolved, That it is expedient to add thirty hymns to 
the present number contained in the Prayer Book, provided 
that a Rubric be annexed thereto, directing that a certain 
portion, or portions, of the Psalms of David, in metre, be 
sung at every celebration of divine service. 

The following gentlemen were appointed a Committee to 
prepare and report hymns for the consideration of this house. 
The Rev. Dr. Moore, Rev. Dr. Kemp, Rev. Mr. Dashiell, 
Rev. Mr. Burhans, and Joshua M. Wallace, Esq. 

The Deputies from the Church in Maryland also informed 
the Convention, that they were instructed to use their endea 
vours to have the 1st and 2d Canons of the General Conven 
tion of 1804 reconsidered, so far as they relate to the induc 
tion of Ministers into churches or parishes. 

On motion, Resolved, That the subject of induction be 
referred to the Committee on the Canons. 
The house adjourned. 



FRIDAY, May 20, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and Morning Prayer was performed by 
the Secretary as Chaplain to the house. 

Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Burns, the Lay de 
puty from the State of Delaware. 

The Committee on the Canons made a report in part, 
which was read. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
an extract from their Minutes, and a letter from William H. 
Winder, Esq., enclosing a petition from Ammi Rogers. The 
Clerical and Lay Deputies from the State of Connecticut, at 
their own request, were permitted to withdraw. 

Whereupon, Resolved unanimously, That it is the opinion 
of this house, that agreeably to the 6th Article of the Con- 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 343 

stitution, the General Convention have no cognizance of the 
case of Arnmi Rogers, and that he therefore have leave to 
withdraw his petition. 

Ordered, that the Secretary carry a copy of the above re 
solution to the House of Bishops, and furnish a copy of the 
same to William H. Winder, Esq., who transmitted the peti 
tion of Ammi Rogers to the House of Bishops. 

The house adjourned. 



SATURDAY, May 21, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and Morning Service was performed by 
the Secretary, as Chaplain to the house. 

The Committee on the Canons made a further report, which 
was read. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Prayer to be used at the 
meetings of Convention, adopted in General Convention, 
1799, be inserted in all future editions of the Book of Com 
mon Prayer, among the Occasional Prayers. 

The above resolution was sent to the House of Bishops for 
their concurrence. 

The Committee on the memorial from the Convention of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New Hamp 
shire, made a report. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That a Committee of two or more persons 
from the State of Connecticut, Rhode Island, or Massachu 
setts, be appointed, whose duty it shall be to give notice to 
the parties interested, to give them a hearing if requested, 
and to make a report to any two of the Bishops of this 
Church, whose decision shall be final till the meeting of the 
next General Convention. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, the Rev. Philo 
Shelton, the Rev. Daniel Burhans, Burrage Beach, Esq., 
and Mr. Joseph Nicolls, be the Committee. 

Resolutions, proposing the appointment of a Committee 
to address the Church in certain dioceses, were read, and 
ordered to lie on the table. 

A message from the House of Bishops, on the subject of 
the English canon concerning marriages, was received and 
read. 

The house then adjourned. 



344 JOUKNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

MONDAY, May 23, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and prayers were read by the Secretary 
as Chaplain to the house. 

The resolutions proposed and laid on the table on Satur 
day, proposing the appointment of a Committee to address 
the Church in certain districts, and for other purposes, were 
read and adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops for 
their concurrence. 

The Committee appointed to prepare an additional number 
of hymns made report. 

The house took up the consideration of the Canons, as re 
ported by the Committee appointed to digest and revise the 
same, and made some progress therein. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
a " Pastoral address," prepared in pursuance of the llth 
Canon of 1804, which was read in part. 

The house then adjourned to meet at 5 o'clock, P.M. 

MONDAY, 5 o'clock, P.M. 

The house met, and resumed and finished the reading of 
the Pastoral Letter from the House of Bishops, transmitted 
to them by said house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
a substitute to the resolutions for the appointment of a Com 
mittee to address the Church in certain districts, and for 
other purposes. 

The house then resumed the consideration of the Canons 
as reported by the Committee, and made further progress 
therein. 

The Secretary was directed to communicate to the House 
of Bishops the revised Canons, as far as they have been 
agreed to by this house, with the necessary information re 
lative to them. 

The house adjourned. 



TUESDAY, May 24, 1808, 9 o'clock A.M. 

The house met, and Morning Service was performed by the 
Secretary as Chaplain to the house. 

A memorial to this Convention, signed by the Rev. Nat. 
Bowen, Rev. Andrew Fowler, and Robert I. Turnbull, and 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 345 

David Alexander, Clerical and Lay deputies from the Con 
vention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South Caro 
lina, stating that they were unable to attend the meeting of 
the General Convention; and that it was the wish of the 
Church in South Carolina, that there should be a repeal or 
modification of certain Canons was presented and read, 
and ordered to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The house resumed the consideration of the report of the 
Committee on the Canons, and made further progress therein. 

The house adjourned until 5 o'clock. 

TUESDAY, 5 o'clock P.M. 

The house met, and finished the consideration of the re 
port of the Committee on the Canons. 

The Secretary was desired to communicate the remainder 
of the revised Canons to the House of Bishops, with the 
necessary information relative to them. 

Leave of absence was granted to George Robertson, Esq., 
a Lay deputy from the State of Maryland. 

The house adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, May 25, 1808, 9 o'clock A.M. 

The house met, and prayers were read by the Secretary, 
as Chaplain to the house. 

The house considered the substitute of the House of Bish 
ops to the proposed resolutions of this house, for the appoint 
ment of a Committee to address the Church in certain dis 
tricts, and for other purposes, and agreed to the same with 
amendments. These amendments were sent to the House of 
Bishops, and concurred in by them, and the resolutions final 
ly adopted as follows. 

1. Resolved, That a Committee be appointed, consisting 
of three of the Bishops of this Church, and two of the 
Clergy, and two of the Lay members of the same, to make 
a solemn and affectionate address to the Churches represent 
ed in both Orders in this Convention, urging upon them the 
propriety, necessity, and duty of sending regularly a depu 
tation to the General Convention; and that the said address 
contain a respectful appeal to every Bishop of this Church, 
on the subject of attendance on his part. 

2. Resolved, That the same Committee be authorised and 



346 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

desired to address the Protestant Episcopal Church, in every 
State in which it is organized, but which has not acceded to 
the Constitution of this Church, inviting it to accede to the 
same. 

3. Resolved, That the same Committee address the 
Clergy of the several States or Territories of the United 
States, in which the Church hath not been organized; also, 
some of the most respectable lay members of the Church in 
such States or Territories, and invite them to organize them 
selves, and accede to the Constitution of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States of America. 

4. Resolved, That the same Committee be authorised and 
desired to consider of and determine on the proper mode of 
sending a Bishop into said States or Territories; and, in 
case of a reasonable prospect of accomplishing this object, 
to elect a person to such Episcopacy; and the certificate 
being given in the usual terms by the Standing Committees 
of this Church, as prescribed in the Canon for the consecra 
tion of Bishops in the recess of the General Convention, 
any three Bishops of the same be authorized to consecrate 
to the Episcopacy the person elected as above; provided 
that the jurisdiction assigned him shall not interfere with the 
rights of any State or diocese which shall hereafter adopt 
the Constitution of the Church in the United States. 

5. Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop White, Right 
Rev. Bishop Claggett, the Right Rev. Bishop Moore, the 
Rev. Dr. Beach, the Rev. Dr. Hobart, General Mathew 
Clarkson, and Dr. John Onderdonk, be the Committee for 
the purposes aforesaid, any four of whom shall be a quorum, 
provided it include one Bishop, one presbyter, and one lay 
man. 

6. Resolved, That the said Committee render an account 
of their proceedings to the next General Convention. 

On motion, Resolved, That it be made known to the se 
veral State Conventions of this Church, that it is proposed 
to consider of, and determine on, at the next General Con 
vention, the propriety of the following addition to the 8th 
article of the Constitution of the Church: "No alteration 
or addition shall be made in the Book of Common Prayer, or 
other offices of the Church, unless the same shall be propos 
ed in one General Convention, and by a resolve thereof made 
known to the Convention of every diocese or State, and 
adopted at the subsequent General Convention." 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 347 

This resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, and re 
turned with their concurrence. 

The report of the Committee appointed to prepare an ad 
ditional number of hymns, was read and adopted. 

This report, with the resolutions relative to an additional 
number of hymns, were sent by the Rev. Dr. Moore and the 
Rev. Mr. Dashiell, to the House of Bishops for their con 
currence. 

The Committee on the Canons, to whom was referred the 
office of induction, reported certain resolutions, which were 
adopted by this house, sent to the House of Bishops, and re 
turned with their concurrence, as follows, viz. 

1. Resolved, That the title of the Office of induction be 
changed to " Office of institution," and that the correspond 
ing alterations of expression be made in the Office itself. 

2. Resolved, That the following Rubric be prefixed to 
the Letter of institution in said Office. 

" In any State or diocese, the concluding paragraph in the 
Letter of institution may be omitted, where it interferes with 
the usages, laws, or charters of the Church in the same." 

3. Resolved, That in the first Rubric, the words, "as 
prescribed by the 1st Canon of 1804," be changed, and the 
word "shall" be changed to "may." 

Certain proposed resolutions on the subject of duels and 
divorces, were read and adopted, and sent to the House of 
Bishops for their concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops with 
proposed amendments to the revised Canons, in which they 
requested the concurrence of this house. 

The house then adjourned to 5 o'clock, P.M. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

A further message from the House of Bishops, proposing 
amendments in the revised Canons, was received. 

The house took up the consideration of the amendments 
proposed by the House of Bishops, to the revised Canons. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurred in 
these amendments, with the exception of one amendment; 
proposed further amendments; and ordered notice of the 
same to be sent by the Secretary to the House of Bishops. 

The house adjourned until to-morrow, 8 o'clock. 



348 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

THURSDAY, May 26, 1808, 8 o'clock A.M. 

The house met. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they had receded from the amend 
ment to one of the Canons, to which this house had non- 
concurred; had concurred in other amendments proposed by 
this house; had proposed a further amendment; and also 
that they had postponed the resolution concerning the inser 
tion of the Prayer at the opening of the Convention among 
the Occasional Prayers in the Common Prayer Book. 

They also returned the resolutions concerning duels and 
divorces, with a proposed amendment, which was concurred 
in hy this house, and the resolutions passed, as follows : 

1. Resolved, That the Ministers of this Church ought 
not to perform the funeral service, in the case of any person 
who shall give or accept a challenge to a duel. 

2. Resolved, That it is the sense of this Church, that it 
is inconsistent with the law of God, and the Ministers of this 
Church, therefore, shall not unite in matrimony any person 
who is divorced, unless it be on account of the other party 
having been guilty of adultery. 

This house also concurred in the further amendments of 
the House of Bishops, to one of the Canons. 

A further message was received from the House of Bish 
ops, with the proposed hymns, and the resolution relative to 
the same, which they had passed, with a substitute for one 
of the hymns. 

In this proposed substitute the house concurred. 

Certain petitions addressed to the General Convention, 
communicated by Ammi Rogers to the House of Bishops, 
which they had not opened, were sent by them to this house. 
Whereupon the delegates from the State of Connecticut 
were, at their request, permitted to withdraw; and on 
motion, it was 

Resolved, That as this house have already decided that 
they have no cognizance of the case of Ammi Rogers, he 
have leave to withdraw these petitions. 

The following proposed resolution was passed unani 
mously : 

Whereas, associated Rectorships are inconsistent with the 
usages of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and in many re 
spects inconvenient; 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the different State 
Conventions of this Church not to authorise, in future, as 
sociated Rectorships, and that when the existing associated 
Rectorships shall expire, not to renew the same. 

The above resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, 
and returned with their concurrence. 

The following resolutions were also passed by this house, 
sent by the Secretary of this house to the House of Bish 
ops, and returned with an amendment, in which this house 
concurred. 

Resolved, That the Hymns set forth by this Convention, 
together with those now authorized, be printed in a small 
volume, under the direction of the Right Rev. Bishop Moore 
of New York, and the President and Secretary of the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies; that the said Committee be 
directed to annex tables to the Hymns and Psalms, suiting 
them to particular subjects and occasions; that these Hymns 
and tables be inserted in all future editions of the Book of 
Common Prayer, under the regulations of the Canon pre 
scribing the mode of publishing authorised editions of the 
Book of Common Prayer; and that the edition of the 
Hymns, thus set forth by the authority of this Convention, 
be the standard copy. 

Resolved, That the Secretary of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies prepare the Journals and other acts of 
this Convention for publication ; and that the said Secretary, 
with the President of the house, and the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore, be a Committee to publish the same, together with 
the Sermon preached at the opening of this Convention, and 
the Pastoral Letter of the House of Bishops; and that the 
Book of Canons and the Office of institution, published by 
said Committee, be authorised as standard copies. 

Resolved, That the city of New Haven, in the State of 
Connecticut, be the place for the meeting of the next Gen 
eral Convention, which will be held, agreeably to the Consti 
tution, on the third Tuesday of May, A. D. 1811. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop Claggett be re 
quested to preach a Sermon at the opening of the next Gen 
eral Convention ; and that, in case of his absence, the House 
of Bishops be requested to appoint one of their Order to 
preach a Sermon. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
returned to the President and Secretary. 



350 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

This day being the Festival of the Ascension, the House 
of Bishops, and the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
attended Divine service in St. Paul's Church. 

Service was celebrated by the Right Reverend Bishop 
White. 

ABRAHAM BEACH, PRESIDENT. 

ATTESTED : 
JOHN HENRY HOBART, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



fjousp of IBisljop. 




CITY OF BALTIMORE, Tuesday, May 17, 1808. 

Nine o'clock, A.M. 
to a resolution of the last General 
Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church, appointing this city as the place of the 
next meeting ; and this being the day of their said meeting, 
fixed by the Constitution of the said Church, there met, in 
St. Paul's Church, of the House of Bishops, the Right Rev. 
Bishop White, of Pennsylvania, and the Right Rev. Bishop 
Claggett, of Maryland ; who adjourned to five o'clock in the 
afternoon of the same day. 

TUESDAY AFTERNOON. 

Present as in the forenoon. 

The House of Bishops adjourned to the house of the Rev 
Dr. Bend, in the vicinity of St. Paul's Church. 

Resolved, That, agreeably to the offer of the Rev. Dr. 
Bend, his house be the place of meeting during the sitting 
of the Convention. 

The Rev. Dr. James Whitehead, associate Rector of St. 
Paul's parish, in this city, was appointed Secretary of this 
house. 

This house received by the Rev. Dr. Bend, a message from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, informing that 
they were organized, and ready to proceed to business. 

(351) 



352 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [180S. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Bend be desired to inform 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies that this house are 
also ready to proceed to business. 

This house also received a message from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, stating, that the Right Rev. 
Bishop Parker, who had been appointed to open this Conven 
tion with a Sermon, having departed this life, it is the wish 
of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that the said 
service may be performed by a member of this house. 

Whereupon Resolved, That the desire be complied with, 
and the Rev. Dr. Bend is authorised to inform the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, that Bishop White intends to 
open the Convention with a discourse to-morrow, at the hour 
which has been publicly notified for divine service. 

The house adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, May 18, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met, and adjourned to attend divine service in 
St. Paul's Church. The Rev. Dr. Beach performed service, 
and a Sermon, adapted to the occasion of the meeting of the 
Convention, was preached by the Right Rev. Bishop White. 
After service, the Bishops returned to their place of meeting. 
Present as yesterday. 

Resolved, That this house will attend divine service, 
during the Session, in the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties ; and the hours of business appointed by said house be 
observed by this house. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Hobart, with a communica 
tion of the thanks of the said house to the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, for his Sermon preached this morning, and with a 
request that he furnish a copy of the same for publication. 
With this request the Right Rev. Bishop White complied. 

The house adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 19, 8 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

A message was received by the Rev. Drs. Bend and Moore, 
with the following communication from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 353 

" Resolved, That in Article the third of the Constitu 
tion, the words, ' unless adhered to by four-fifths of the 
other house,' be struck out;" to which resolution this house 
gave their concurrence. 

A message was also received by the Rev. Mr. Bull, with 
the following communication from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, viz., " The house resolved that the Journals 
of the different State Conventions, Episcopal addresses, pa 
rochial reports, and other Ecclesiastical documents present 
ed, and some of them read in this house, be forwarded to 
the House of Bishops, in order that they may draw up a 
Pastoral Letter from the House of Bishops, to be read in 
this house, and published agreeably to the eleventh Canon of 
1804." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Kemp, with a resolution 
against the expediency of setting forth a Companion for the 
Altar; in which resolution this house concurred. 

This house also received the following resolution. 

"Resolved, That the communication of the Church in 
Maryland, requesting the attention of the General Conven 
tion to the English Canon respecting marriages, and the ex 
pediency or inexpediency of adopting the same, and order 
ing it to be inserted in the future editions of the Book of 
Common Prayer, be referred to the House of Bishops, to 
take up the subject if they deem it expedient, during the 
present or some future Convention, and to make any com 
munication to this house which they may think proper." 

The house adjourned. 



FRIDAY, May 20, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 
There was presented to this 'house a letter, signed " William 
H. Winder," enclosing two documents, signed " Ammi Ro 
gers." Mr. Winder informs this house, that he is counsel 
for the said Ammi Rogers, who, in the documents referred 
to, appeals to the General Convention from a sentence of 
degradation said to have been passed on him, without trial 
or hearing, by the Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, of Connecticut. 

This house having considered the contents of the aforesaid 
papers, are of opinion that, agreeably to the Constitution of 
VOL. I. 23 



854 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

this Church, they have no authority to act on an appeal in 
Tegard to the matter stated; and there is no existing mode 
by which any Bishop or Bishops of this Church can take 
cognizance of the conduct of any other Bishop, unless at the 
desire of the Convention of the diocese to which such a 
Bishop should helong, and conformably to tha rules of pro 
cess by them established. 

And whereas this house acted on the concerns of the said 
Ammi Rogers, in the Session of 1804, as appears by the 
Minutes, they now wish it to be known that their proceedings 
at that time originated in his own petition, relative to the 
following points. 

1st. Whether he belonged to the diocese of Connecticut, 
or to that of New York. 

2dly. The recalling, which he proposed, of a circular let 
ter written by Bishop Jarvis, forbidding the petitioner to 
perform divine service in the diocese, and the Clergy and 
Laity of the same to countenance him as a Minister. 

3dly. A candid and impartial inquiry into his conduct and 
character. 

On the first of the said points, the house then assembled, 
being assured that both the parties were disposed to submit 
to their determination, declared it to be, that Ammi Rogers, 
was a Clergyman not of New York, but of Connecticut. 

The second point being a matter of internal concern of 
the Church in Connecticut, was not acted on judicially by 
this house ; although, as their opinion was expected on both 
sides, they expressed it as it was, approbatory of the mea 
sure. 

On the third point, they were of opinion that Ammi Ro 
gers, far from having been treated with injustice, had not re-' 
ceived a sentence sufficiently severe. 

To the opinions thus given, no addition or alteration is in 
tended by this house; and they finally dismiss the subject 
from their consideration. 

This house, wishing the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties to be informed of their proceedings on the application 
now before them, direct that the Secretary deliver to them a 
copy of the minute now made, with the papers on which it 
is grounded. They also direct the Secretary to deliver a 
copy of the minute to William H. Winder, Esq., and for the 
further information of that gentleman, to deliver with it a 
copy of the Constitution of this Church. 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 355 

The above was accordingly communicated to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, and a message was received from 
them, containing the following unanimous resolution. 

That it is the opinion of this house, that agreeably to the 
6th Article of the Constitution, the General Convention 
have no cognizance of the case of Ammi Rogers, and that 
he therefore have leave to withdraw his petition. 

The house adjourned. 



SATURDAY, May 21, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

In consequence of the message received by this house 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concerning the 
English Canon about marriages, the following message was 
sent. 

The House of Bishops having taken into consideration the 
message sent to them by the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, relative to the subject of marriage, as connected with 
the table of degrees, within which, according to the Canons of 
the Church of England, marriage cannot be celebrated, ob 
serve as follows : 

Agreeably to the sentiment entertained by them, in rela 
tion to the whole Ecclesiastical system, they consider that 
table as now obligatory on this Church, and as what will re 
main so ; unless there should hereafter appear cause to alter 
it, without departing from the Word of God, or endangering 
the peace and good order of this Church. They are, how 
ever, aware, that reasons exist for making an express de 
termination as to the light in which this subject is to be 
considered. They conceive so highly of the importance of 
it, and it is connected with so many questions, both sacred 
and civil, that they doubt the propriety of entering on it, 
without maturer consideration than any expected length of 
the present Session will permit ; and this opinion derives ad 
ditional weight, both from there being but few of their house 
present, and from there being several of the churches not 
represented in this Convention. 

Accordingly, they content themselves with recommending 
the subject to be considered and acted on at a future Con 
vention. 

This house received a message from the House of Clerical 



356 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

and Lay Deputies, with certain resolutions, grounded on the 
memorial of the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of New Hampshire, in which resolutions 
this house concurred. 

This house also received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, a resolution relative to the "Prayer to be 
used at the meetings of the Convention." 

The house adjourned. 



MONDAY, May 23, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as on Saturday. 

This house, in consequence of the communication from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the Journals, 
parochial reports, and other Ecclesiastical documents, and 
agreeable to the llth Canon of the General Convention of 
1804, agreed on a "Pastoral Letter from the House of Bish 
ops of the Protestant Episcopal Church to the members of 
the same," which was sent by the Secretary to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, in order to be read in said house. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with certain resolutions on the subject of ap 
pointing a Committee to address the Church in certain dis 
tricts, and for other purposes, which resolutions the house 
considered, and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties a substitute therefor. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a draft of the Canons, as revised by said house; 
and the Rev. Dr. Hobart, who delivered this message, was 
permitted, agreeably to a request of the said house, to give 
the necessary information relative to said Canons. 

The house entered on the consideration of them, and ad 
journed without finishing the same. 



TUESDAY, May 24, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The house proceeded in the consideration of the Canons, 
as revised and amended by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 357 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies the remainder of the Canons, revised and amend 
ed, with certain information relative to them, by the Secre 
tary of said house. 



WEDNESDAY, May 25, 1808, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Clarkson, the proposed substitute 
from this house to the resolutions appointing a Committee to 
address the Church in certain districts, and for other pur 
poses, with proposed amendments, in which this house con 
curred. And also a resolution to make known to the State 
Conventions, a proposed addition to the Constitution of the 
Church, in which this house concurred. 

This house received from -the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Moore and the Rev. Mr. Dashiell, 
a resolution relative to Hymns, with a proposed additional 
number of Hymns. 

A further message was received from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Hobart, with certain 
resolutions proposing alterations in the Office of induction, 
in which this house concurred ; and this house also received 
certain resolutions on the subject of duels and divorces. 

This house proceeded in the consideration of the revised 
Canons received from the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, and having passed several of them, with amendments, 
sent them to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for 
their concurrence. 

Five o'clock, P.M. 

This house finished the consideration of the revised Ca 
nons, and returned them, with amendments, to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

This house sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties the following resolve, concerning persons who have al 
ready been received as candidates for Orders. 

Resolved, That the Canon regulating the preparatory ex 
ercises of candidates for Orders, shall not affect those per 
sons who have already been received as candidates, but that 



368 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1808. 

their cases shall be governed by the Canons on said subject, 
which were in existence at the commencement of the present 
Convention. (!) 

The house adjourned to 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, May 26, 1808, 8 o'clock, A.M. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Hobart, a message, that the said 
house had non-concurred in one of the amendments proposed 
by this house, to one of the revised Canons, had concurred 
in the other amendments, and proposed further amendments. 
In these amendments this house concurred. 

They also receded from their proposed amendment, returned 
by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and proposed a 
further amendment, in which they were afterwards informed 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurred. 

This house adopted the resolutions sent from the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, relative to duels and divorces, 
with an amendment, in which the said house concurred. 

This house returned to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, the resolution concerning the Prayer to be used at 
the opening of the Convention, wishing to delay the inser 
tion of the same, among the Occasional Prayers in the Book 
of Common Prayer, until some future occasion. 

This house took up the consideration of the resolution 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, relative to an 
additional number of Hymns, and adopted the same; they 
also adopted the proposed Hymns, with the exception of one 
Hymn, instead of which they proposed another. 

This house also received a message, by the Rev. Dr. Ho 
bart, from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, stating 
that the said house had agreed to the substitute to one of the 
Hymns; and requesting the concurrence of this house in a 

(1) With the approbation of the Presiding Bishop, the Secretary of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies states, that through inadvertence, 
this resolution was not transmitted to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, but that from the sentiments expressed in said house, during the 
consideration of the Canons, it appeared to be understood, that the Canon 
concerning the preparatory exercises was not designed to affect those per- 
ions who had already been received as candidates for Orders. 



1808.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 359 

resolution disapproving of associated Rectorships, and to 
sundry resolutions relative to the setting forth of the Hymns, 
the publishing of the Journals, the place of meeting of the 
next General Convention and the preacher at the opening of 
the same. The house passed the aforesaid resolutions, with 
an amendment to the resolution concerning the setting forth 
of the Hymns, in which amendment the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies concurred. 

Certain petitions were received from Ammi Rogers, which, 
as this house had resolved to dismiss the subject of his case 
finally from their consideration, they did not open, but or- 
Jered them to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties, wh9 informed this house that they had granted leave 
to the said Ammi Rogers to withdraw these petitions. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be given to the 
Rev. Dr. Bend, for the accommodations which they have re 
ceived in the use of his parlour, and in other attentions, dur 
ing the Session of the Convention. 

The house rose, after attending, with the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, divine service at St. Paul's Church this 
day being the Festival of the Ascension. 

Divine service was celebrated by the Right Rev. Bishop 
White. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested: JAMES WHITEHEAD, Secretary. 

N.B. The Canons passed at this Convention are published 
with the Constitution of this Church, in a distinct pam 
phlet. [NOTE TO ORIGINAL EDITION.] 



Hisf of flji? 

OF THE 

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

In the United States of America, 1808. 

Delivered in and published agreeably to the 16th Canon 
of 1789. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
St. John's church, Portsmouth, vacant. 

Rev. Robert H. Fowle, rector of church, Holdernesse. 

Rev. Daniel Barber, rector of church, Clermont. 

Rev. Mr. Catlin officiates at Plainfield. 
Rev. Samuel Mead. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Rev. William Willard Wheeler, rector of St. Michael's church, Scituate, 

and St. Peter's, Marshfield. 

Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, rector of St. Peter's church, Salem. 
Rev. John Sylvester I. Gardner, rector of Trinity church, Boston. 
Rev. Mr. Eaton, rector of Christ church, Boston. 
Rev. Samuel Haskill, rector of St. Ann's church, Gardiner. 
Rev. William Montague, rector of St. Paul's church, Dedham. 
Rev. James Bowers, rector of St. Michael's church, Marblehead. 
Rev. Timothy Hilliard, Minister of the church at Portland. 
Rev. James Morss, Minister of St. Paul's, Newburyport. 
Rev. Amos Pardy, rector of St. Luke's church, Lanesborough. 
Rev. Samuel Griswold, rector of St. James's church, Great Barrington, and 

the church at Lenox. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. Theodore Dehon, rector of Trinity church, Newport. 
Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, rector of St. Michael's church, Bristol. 
Rev. Mr. Ward, Assistant Minister of Trinity church, Newport. 
Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, rector of church, Providence. 

(361) 



362 APPENDIX. [1808. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Tillotson Bronson, Principal of the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 
Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church Derby, and of 

the Churches of Oxford and Great Hill. 
Rev. Bela Hubbard, D.D., rector of Trinity church, New Haven, and Christ 

church, West Haven. 
Rev. John Tyler, rector of Christ church, Norwich. 

Rev. Daniel Fogg, rector of church, Pomfret. 

Rev. Philo Shelton, rector of Trinity church, Fairfield, St. John s, Strat- 

field, and church, Weston. 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, rector of Christ church, Stratford, and Trinity 

church, Trumbull. 

Rev. Chauncey Prindle, rector of the churches of Oxford and Salem. 
Rev. Reuben Ives, rector of St. Peter's church, Cheshire, and the churches 

of Hamden and Southington. 

Rev. Truman Marsh, rector of the associated churches, Litchfield. 
Rev. Ambrose Todd, rector of St. Paul's church, Huntingdon. 
Rev. Daniel Burhans, rector of Trinity church, Newtown, and St. Luke's 

church, Brookfield. 

Rev. Solomon Blakslee, rector of St. Stephen's church, East Haddam. 
Rev. Charles Seabury, rector of St. James's church, New London. 
Rev. Smith Miles, rector of the churches at Chatham and Middle Had 
dam. 

Rev. Menzies Rayner, rector of the church, Hartford. 
Rev. Henry Whitlock, rector of the churches at Norwalk and Wilton. 
Rev. Calvin White, Assistant Minister of Christ church, Derby. 
Rev. Nathan B. Burges, rector of the church, Hebron. 
Rev. Roger Searl, rector of St. Mark's church, Harrington, and the 

church in Northfield. 

Rev. Horace Virgil Barber, rector of St. John's church, Waterbury. 
Rev. Russel Wheeler, rector of Christ church, Watertown, and the church 

in Bethlehem. 

Rev. Asa Cornwall, rector of the churches in Simsbury and Granby. 
Rev. Elijah G. Plumb, Deacon in the churches of Danbury, Reading, 

and Ridgefield. 
Rev. Benjamin Benham, Deacon in St. Peter's church, New Milford, and 

the churches of Roxbury and New Preston. 
Rev. David Baldwin, Deacon in the churches of Guilford and North 

Bristol. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin Moore, D.D., Bishop, and rector of Trinity 

church, New York. 

Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, rector of Trinity church, Utica. 
Rev. Theodosius Bartow, rector of Trinity church, New Rochelle. 
Rev. John F. Bartow, Deacon, St. Michael's church, Bloomingdale, New 

York. 
Rev. Edmund D. Barry, Principal of the Episcopal Academy, New York, 

officiates at Christ church, Jamaica. 
Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., Assistant Minister of Trinity church, New 

York. 
Rev. Frederick Beasley, rector of St. Peter's church, Albany. 



1808.] APPENDIX. 363 

Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Professor of Moral Philosophy, Logic, and 
Rhetoric in Columbia College, New York. 

Rev. David Butler, officiating at Troy and Lansinburgh. 

Rev. Barzillai Buckley, rector of Christ church, Poughkeepsie, and Tri 
nity church, Fishkill. 

Rev. James Chapman, Deacon, Trinity church, New York. 

Rev. Abraham L. Clarke, rector of St. James's church, Newtown, and St. 
George's, Flushing. 

Rev. Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's church, Yonkers. 

Rev. Joab G. Cooper, Deacon, Christ church, Hudson. 

Rev. Henry I. Feltus, St. Anne's church, Brooklyn. 

Rev. William Harris, rector of St. Mark's church, Bowery, New York. 

Rev. Seth Hart, rector of St. George's church, Hempstead, with which is 
connected Christ Church, North Hempstead. 

Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D., an Assistant Minister of Trinity church, 
New York. 

Rev. Thomas Y. How, Deacon, Trinity church, New York. 

Rev. Cave Jones, an Assistant Minister, Trinity church, New York. 

Rev. Jonathan Judd, Rector of St. John's church, Johnstown, and 

church, Fort Hunter. 

Rev. Thomas Lyell, rector of Christ church, New York. 

Rev. Richard C. Moore, D.D., rector of St. Andrew's, Staten Island. 

Rev. David Moore, Deacon, Staten Island. 

Rev. Daniel Nash, rector of St. John's church, Otsego, St. Luke's, Rich 
field, and Harmony church, Butternuts. 

Rev. Samuel Nesbitt, residing in New York. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, New York. 

Rev. Davenport Phelps, Missionary in the western part of the State. 

Rev. Philo Perry, rector of Christ church, Ballstown. 

Rev. Joseph Prentiss, Deacon, Athens and Cocksackie. 

Rev. Joseph Reed, St. Luke's church, Catskill. 

Rev. Evan Rogers, rector of Christ church, Rye. 

Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, rector of St. George's church, Schenectady. 

Rev. George Strebeck, rector of St. Stephen's church, New York. 

Rev. John Urquhart. 

Rev. Frederick Van Home. 

Rev. Joseph Warren, St. Peter's church, Peekskill, and St. Philip's 
church, Philipstown. 

Rev. Isaac Wilkins, rector of St. Peter's church, West Chester, and St. 
Paul's church, East Chester. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., rector of St. Mary's church, Burlington. 
Rev. Henry Waddell, rector of St. Michael's church, Trenton. 
Rev. John Croes, rector of Christ church, New Brunswick, and St. Pe 
ter's church, Spotswood. 

Rev. Jasper D. Jones, Rector of St. Peter's church, Perth Amboy. 
Rev. Joseph Willard, D.D., rector of Trinity church, Newark. 
Rev. John C. Rudd, rector of St. John's church, Elizabethtown. 
Rev. Simon Wilmer, Trinity church, Swedesborough. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D.D., Bishop. 
Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D. 



364 APPENDIX. [1808. 

Rev. John Andrews, D.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

Rev. Robert Blackwell, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and 
St. Peter's, in the city of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D.D. 

Rev. John Campbell, rector of the churches of York and Huntingdon. 

Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D.D., rector of St. Paul's church, Philadelphia. 

Rev. Slator Clay, rector of St. David's, Radnor; St. Peter's in the Valley, 
and St. James's, Perkiomen. 

Rev. Joseph Clarkson, rector of St. James's, Lancaster, St. John's church, 
Pequea, and Bangor church, Carnarvon. 

Rev. Robert Ayres, rector of Emanuel church, Washington county, and 
St. Peter's church, Fayette county. 

Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland county. 

Rev. Joseph Turner, rector of St. Paul's church, Chester, and St. Mar 
tin s, Marcus Hook. 

Rev. Caleb Hopkins, rector of Christ church, Derry Township, and Christ 
church, Turbut township, Northumberland county. 

Rev. Thomas Davis, Washington county. 

Rev. James Abercrombie, D.D., Assistant Minister of Christ church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 

Rev. Absalom Jones (a black man), rector of the African church of St. 
Thomas's, Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Taylor, Pittsburgh. 

Rev. Levi Bull, rector of St. Gabriel's church, Berks county, and St. Ma 
ry's church, Chester county. 

Rev. Robert Ayres. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Emanuel church, New Castle. 
Rev. William Pryce, Trinity church, Wilmington. 
Rev. James Wiltbank, St. Peter's church, Lewes. 
Rev. Hamilton Bell, St. Paul's church, Georgetown. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas J. Claggett, D.D., Bishop. 

Rev. Francis Barclay, A.M., rector of William and Mary parish, St. Mary's. 

Rev. George Ralph, Rector of All Faith parish, St. Mary's county. 

Rev. Benjamin Contee, William and Mary, Charles.(l) 

Rev. John Weems, rector of Port Tobacco parish, Charles county. 

Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, residing in Calvert county. 

Rev. Edward Gant, Jun., residing in Calvert co. 

Rev. Thomas Scott, rector of Queen Anne's, Prince George's.(l) 

Rev. Walter D. Addison, rector of St. John's parish, Prince George's. 

Rev. Joseph Messinger, residing in St. John's, Prince George's county. 

Rev. William Swan, residing iu St. Paul's parish, Prince George's county. 

Rev. Bethel Judd, A.M., Principal of St. John's College, and Rector of 
St. Anne's, Anne Arundel. 

Rev. John W. Compton, St. James', Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Ralph Higinbothom, residing in Annapolis, Anne Arundel. 

Rev. Joseph G. J. Bend, D.D., associate rector of St. Paul's parish, Bal 
timore county.(l) 

Rev. James Whitehead, D.D., associate rector of St. Paul's parish, Balti 
more^!) 



1808.] APPENDIX. 365 

Rev. George Dashiell, A.M., St. Peter's, Baltimore. 

Rev. John Armstrong, rector of St. Thomas's, Baltimore county. 

Rev. John Coleman, St. James's parish, Baltimore. 

Rev. Elijah D. Rattoone, D.D., residing in Baltimore. 

Rev. John Allen, A.M., rector of St. George's, Harford county. 

Rev. George D. Handy, rector of St. John's parish, Harford county. 

Rev. Thomas Read, Prince George's, Montgomery. 

Rev. George Bower, A.M., rector of All Saints, Washington county. 

Rev. Andrew T. M'Cormick, rector of Washington parish, Columbia. 

Rev. John I. Sayres, A.M., Minister of St. John's church, Washington 

parish, Columbia. 

Rev. John Kewley, M.D., rector of Chester parish, Kent county.(l) 
Rev. Archibald Walker, D.D., Kent county. 
Rev. William Briscoe, Deacon, Kent county. 
Rev. William Duke, A.M., St. Mary Anne's parish, Cecil county. 
Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, A.M., rector of St. Stephen's, Cecil cou&ty.(l) 
Rev. John H. Reynolds, rector of St. Paul's, Queen Anne's county. 
Rev. Joseph Jackson, St. Peter's, Talbot. 
Rev. Samuel Keene, D.D., Talbot county. 
Rev. John Price, Talbot county. 
Rev. James Kemp, D.D., rector of Great Choptank parish, Dorchester 

county.(l) 

Rev. William M. Stone, rector of Stepney parish, Somerset county. 
Rev. James Laird, A.M., rector of Somerset parish, Somerset county. 
Rev. David Ball, rector of All Hallows parish, Worcester county. 

Those Clergymen marked thus (1), were elected members of the Stand 
ing Committee at the last Convention in this diocese. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D.D., Bishop. 

No list of the Clergy was received from this State. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Rev. Edward Jenkins, D.D., St. Philip's, Charleston. 
Rev. Nathanael Bowen, St. Michael's, Charleston. 
Rev. William Percy, D.D., officiating at St. Philip's and St. Michael's, 

Charleston. 

Rev. J. D. Simons, Deacon, Charleston. 
Rev. Thomas Mills, rector of St. Andrew's parish. 
Rev. Andrew Fowler, rector of St. Bartholomew's. 
Rev. Galen Hicks, rector of St. Helena's church in Beaufort. 
Rev. John T. Nankivel, rector of St Thomas and St. Dennis. 
Rev. Hugh Frazier, rector of Prince Frederick's. 
Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, Deacon, St. John's, Berkley. 
Rev. J. T. Tsheudy, Deacon, Clermont. 

Rev. Thomas Gates, D.D., residing in St. George's parish, Dorchester. 
Rev. Milward Pogson, residing in Charleston. 
Rev. Paul Trapier Gervais, Deacon, Charleston. 

Vacant parishes in this State are, Prince George Winyah, Georgetown ; 
St. Stephen's, Santee ; St. James's, Goose Creek ; St. George's, Dorches 
ter; St: John's, Colleton; St. Helena, on the Island of St. Helena; St. 
Luke's, St. Peter's, All Saints, St. Matthews, Christ Church most of them 
able and willing to support Ministers. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



or THE 




|pisropal QSjurrlj, 



A GENERAL CONTENTION, 



HELD 



THE CITY OP NEW HAVEN FROM MAY 21 TO MAY 24, A. D. 1811 

(367) 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AOT> LAY DEPUTIES. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Hon. James Sheafe. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Eev. James Bowers, Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, 

Eev. William Montague, Rev. James Moras, 

Shubael Bell. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, Rev. Salmon Wheaton, 
Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, Benjamin Gardiner, 

John Russel. 

VERMONT. 

Rev. Abraham Brownson, Rev. Parker Adams, 

Anson J. Sperry. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Rev. Bela Hubbard, D. D., Rev. Henry Whitlock, 

Rev. John Kewly, M. D., Barrage Beach, 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Gen. Matthias Nicoll, 

Col. William Moseley. 

NEW YORK. 

Rev. John H. Hobart, D. D., Hon. Rufus King, 

Rev. Isaac Wilkins, Hon. Philip S. Van Rensselaer, 

Rev. Elias Cooper, Dr. John Onderdonk. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Joshua M. Wallace, 
Rev. John Croes, Peter Kean, 

Rev. John C. Rudd, Edward Carpenter, 

John Dennis. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., P. F. Glentworth, M. D., 

Rev. Levi Bull, -Thomas M'Euen, 

Hon. James Milnor, Ephraim Clark. 

MARYLAND. 

Rev. Joseph G. I. Bend, D. D., Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, 

Rev. George Dashiel, George Robertson, 

Rev. James Kemp, D. D., Edward De Courcy, 

Joseph Cotman. 

(368) 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 





f 3 g NEW HAVEN, May 21, 1811. 

1 1 |j;P being the day appointed for the meeting of 
the General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America, sev- 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended at 10 o'clock 
A. M. in the Trinity Church; and a quorum of the 
House being present, the Rev. Dr. Wharton was request 
ed to take the chair, and the Rev. Dr. Hobart to act as 
Secretary pro tempore. 

The House then proceeded to read the testimonials of 
the Clerical and Lay Deputies; which were severally ap 
proved, and the following gentlemen took their seats in 
the House. 

From New Hampshire, the Hon. James Sheafe. From 
Massachusetts, the Rev. James Bowers, and the Rev. 
"William Montague. From Rhode Island, the Rev. 
Alexander Viets Griswold, the Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, 
Benjamin Gardiner, and John Russel. from Vermont, 
the Rev. Abraham Brownson he having previously 
presented a certificate that the State of Vermont had 
acceded to the Constitution of this Church. From Con 
necticut, the Rev. Bela Hubbard, D. D., the Rev. John 

(369) 



370 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

Kewly, M. D., Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Burrage Beach, 
Gen. Matthias Nicoll, and Col. William Moseley. From 
Xew York, the Rev. John H. Hobart, D. D., Hon. Rufus 
King, and the Hon. Philip S. Van. Rensselaer. From 
Xew Jersey, the Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., the 
Rev. John Croes, the Rev. John C. Rudd, Joshua M. 
Wallace, and Peter Kean. From Pennsylvania, the Rev. 
Joseph Pilmore, D. D., the Rev. Levi Bull, the Hon. 
James Miluor, P. F. Glentworth, M. D., Thomas M'Euen, 
and Ephraim Clark. From Maryland, the Rev. Joseph 
G. I. Bend, D. D., the Rev. George Dashiel, the Rev. 
James Kemp, D. D., the Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, George 
Robertson, Edward De Courcy, and Joseph Cotman. 

The House proceeded to the election of a President 
and Secretary, when it appeared that the Rev. Isaac 
Wilkins was chosen President, and the Rev. Ashbel 
Baldwin, Secretary. 

A message was sent to the House of Bishops, inform 
ing them that this house was organized and ready to. 
proceed to business. 

The House of Bishops returned for answer, that they 
also were organized, and ready to proceed to business. 

The House took into consideration the rules of order, 
and adopted the following. 

1. Tha business of every day shall be introduced with 
the Morning Service of the Church. 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member 
shall continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, un 
less to address the chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service 
of the House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak in debate, or 
deliver any matter to the House, he shall, with due re 
spect, address himself to the President, confining him 
self strictly to the point in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the 
same debate, without leave of the House. 

6. A question being once determined, shall stand as 
the judgment of the House, and shall not be again drawn 
into debate during the same session, unless with the con 
sent of two- thirds of the House. 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 371 

7. "While the President is putting any question, the 
members shall continue in their seats, and shall not hold 
any private discourse. 

8. Every member who shall be in the House when any 
question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless 
he be personally interested in the decision. 

9. No motion shall be considered as before the House, 
unless it be seconded, and, when required, reduced to 
writing. 

10. When any question is before the House, it shall 
be determined on before any thing new is introduced, 
except the question of adjournment. 

11. The question on the motion for adjournment shall 
be taken before any other, and without debate. 

12. When the House is about to rise, every member 
shall keep his seat until the President shall leave his chair. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Clergy of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, who may be in the city of New 
Haven, and who are not members of this House, shall 
be admitted to the sittings of the same. 

This House resolved, that in consequence of the ab 
sence of the Right Rev. Bishop Clagget, who had been 
appointed to open this Convention with a sermon, the 
House of Bishops be requested to appoint one of their 
number to perform that duty ; and the Rev. Dr. Kemp 
was appointed to communicate this request to the House 
of Bishops. 

The Rev. Dr. Kemp returned with a message from the 
House of Bishops, that the Right Rev. Bishop White in 
tends to open the Convention, with a discourse, to-mor 
row, at the hour which has been appointed for divine 
service. 

On motion, Resolved, that the hour of meeting each 
day shall be at nine o'clock, A. M. 

This House adjourned to meet at the court-house to 
morrow. 

WEDNESDAY, May 22, 1811. 

The House met. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, a Clerical Deputy, and Anson 
J. Sperry, a Lay Deputy from the State of Vermont ; the 



372 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, and the Rev. James Mores, 
Clerical Deputies, and Shubael Bell, a Lay Deputy, from 
Massachusetts; the Rev. Isaac Wilkins and the Rev. 
Elias Cooper, Clerical Deputies, and Dr. John Onder- 
donk, a Lay Deputy, from New York ; the Rev. Salmon 
Wheaton, a Clerical Deputy from Rhode Island; and the 
Rev. Henry "Whitlock, a Clerical Deputy from Connecti 
cut, appeared and took their seats. 

The House attended divine service in Trinity Church. 

The Rev. Isaac "Wilkins performed divine service, and 
the Right Rev. Bishop White preached a sermon adapted 
to the occasion of the meeting of the Convention. 

After divine service the house met. 

On motion, Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of 
the Convention be returned to the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, for his sermon preached before the Convention 
this morning, and that he be requested to furnish a copy 
for publication. 

The House of Bishops concurred in this resolution, 
and informed this House that the Right Rev. Bishop 
White would furnish a copy of his sermon for the pur 
pose aforesaid. 

On motion, by the Hon. Rufus King, Resolved, That 
the following extract from the Journals of a Special 
Convention, held in Trinity Church, New York, May 
15, A. D. 1811, be entered on the Journals of this 
House : " Resolved, that the Convention will now pro 
ceed to the choice of a Bishop ; to assist Bishop Moore 
in the duties of his Episcopal office, and to succeed him 
in case of survivorship. The Convention then proceed 
ed to the election ; and on counting the ballots, it ap 
peared that the Rev. John II. Hobart, D. D., was elected 
by a majority of both orders." 

On motion, Resolved, That this House will now pro 
ceed to sign the testimonials in favour of the Rev. John 
II. Hobart, D. D., Bishop elect for the State of New- 
York; which testimonials were unanimously signed by 
the House, agreeably to the third Canon of this Church. 

The Rev. Mr. Gardiner made a communication to 
this House, that the Rev. Alexander Yiets Griswold had 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 373 

been canonically elected Bishop of the diocese, com 
posed of the States of ISTew Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, and Vermont. 

On motion. Resolved, That this House will now pro 
ceed to sign the testimonials in favour of the Rev. 
Alexander V. Griswold, Bishop elect of the Eastern 
Diocese; which testimonials were unanimously signed 
by the House, agreeably to the third Canon of this 
Church. 

The House adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 23, 1811. 

The House met. 

John Dennis and Edward Carpenter, Lay Delegates 
from the State of New Jersey, appeared and took their 
seats. 

On motion, Resolved, That the delegation from the 
State of New York be requested to present the testimo 
nials signed by this House in favour of the Rev. John 
H. Hobart, D. D., Bishop elect, to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the delegation from the 
States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode-Island, 
and Vermont, be requested to present to the House of 
Bishops the testimonials signed by this House, in favour 
of the Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, Bishop -elect. 

The Rev. Mr. Bartow presented a certificate of his 
appointment to attend the Convention, signed by the 
wardens and vestry of the Episcopal Church in the city 
of Savannah, State of Georgia, which was read. 
Whereupon, Resolved, That the" Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Georgia, not being organized, 
and not having, in Convention, acceded to the Constitu 
tion of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America, the Rev. Mr. Bartow cannot be ad 
mitted a member of this House, but that he be allowed 
the privilege of an honorary seat. 

This day being the Festival of the Ascension, the 
House attended divine service in Trinity Church, 

The Rev. Dr. Pilmore performed service, and the Rev. 
Dr. Wharton delivered a sermon. 



374 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

After divine service the House met. 

The House of Bishops informed this House, that they 
desired an interview with the Deputies of the Churches 
in those States in which the Rev. Mr. Griswold has 
been elected to the Episcopal chair. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Deputies from New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, -and Vermont, 
be requested to wait on the House of Bishops. 

Agreeably to the 45th Canon of the Church, the jour 
nals of several State Conventions were handed into the 
House the parochial reports, and Episcopal addresses 
inserted in those journals were read by the Secretary, 
and a particular inquiry was made into the State of the 
Church in each diocese. The Rev. Dr. Kemp, Rev. Dr. 
Hobart, Rev. Mr. Montague, Dr. Glentworth, and Burrage 
Beach, Esq., were appointed a committee to lay before 
this house a view of the state of the Church, agreeably 
to the 45th Canon. 

The House of Bishops informed this House, that hav 
ing received from them the testimonials of two Rever 
end Gentlemen elected to the Episcopacy, they lament 
that they cannot proceed to the consecration of those 
two Reverend Gentlemen during the session of this 
Convention, there being only two Bishops present; but 
they propose (God willing) to carry this design into 
effect in the City of New-\ ork, as soon as possible after 
the rising of this Convention. 

A petition was presented to this House, signed by 
Benajah Hawley, which was read and ordered to lie on 
the table. 

The House of Bishops informed this House, that in 
reference to the object of the appointment of a commit 
tee at the last Convention to act in the recess, for the 
devising measures for sending a Bishop into the West 
ern States, that whenever the said business shall be 
taken up by this Convention, the House of Bishops are 
in possession of some communications which they think 
worthy of consideration. 

The house adjourned. 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 375 

FRIDAY, May 26, 1811. 

The House met, and morning service was performed 
by the Secretary, in Trinity Church. 

The Committee appointed at the last General Con 
vention on the memorial from the Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New Hamp 
shire, reported, That they had made no progress on the 
subject of their appointment. Whereupon resolved, 
That inasmuch as this House has received information, 
that the object of said Committee has been happily ac 
complished, said Committee is consequently discharged 
from any further attention to this business. 

The Committee appointed at the last General Con 
vention to address the Church in certain districts, and 
for other purposes, made the following report, which 
was read, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

" The Committee appointed at the last General Con 
vention to address the Church in certain districts, and 
for other purposes, Report, That a quorum of the said 
Committee resident in the city of New York, met and 
appointed the Right Rev. Bishop Moore to draft and to 
transmit the several addresses specified in the first three 
resolutions. This duty was discharged by him accord 
ingly. The Committee not having any reasonable pros 
pect of accomplishing the object contemplated in the 
4th resolution, of sending a Bishop into those States or 
territories which have not acceded to the Constitution 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America, did not proceed to elect a person to said 
office, or to take any measures in that business. 

JOHN H. HOBART, 
Secretary of the Committee. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
with certain documents on the subject of a western 
Episcopacy, which were read. 

On motion, Resolved, That the documents from the 
House of Bishops, relative to the western Episcopacy, 
be returned to them, with a request from this House, 
that they will take what order on the subject they may 
deem advisable. 



376 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

There was laid before this House, by the House of 
Bishops, a petition, addressed to this Convention by the 
Rev. William Smith, D. D. of Norwalk, in the State of 
Connecticut, relative to a book of music composed by 
him, entitled, " The Churchman's Choral Companion to 
his Prayer Book." Whereupon, Resolved, That it is 
inexpedient to take any order on that subject; which 
resolve was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The House of Bishops proposed to the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies the appointment of a Committee 
for further attention to the object of the 4th resolution 
(recorded page 14 in the journal of the last Convention), 
and that the Bishops in Pennsylvania and Virginia be 
requested to correspond with each other, for the de 
vising means whereby the congregations west of the 
Allegany mountains may be benefitted by any measures 
to be adopted by the Committee, the appointment of 
which is hereby recommended.. 

The foregoing communication was considered by this 
House ; whereupon, Resolved, That the Bishops in 
Pennsylvania and Virginia be requested to devise means 
for supplying the Congregations of this Church, west of 
the Allegany mountains, with the ministrations and 
worship of the same, and for the organizing the Church 
in the western States, any thing in the 37th Canon to 
the contrary notwithstanding. The foregoing resolves 
were ordered to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The petition, signed by Benajah Hawley, which was 
yesterday read before the House, was again considered. 
On motion, Resolved, That it is the sense of this House, 
that the prayer of the petitioner cannot be granted, and 
that he have leave to withdraw his petition. 

A memorial signed by the Rev. Benjamin Benhum 
and the Rev. Virgil H. Barber, was presented to this 
House, and read by the Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, That it is inexpedient to take 
any order on the aforesaid memorial. 

On motion, Resolved, That the presiding Bishop of 
the House of Bishops be respectfully requested to ad 
dress a letter, in behalf of this Convention, to the vener- 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 377 

able Society in England for propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, informing them that the Church in the 
State of Vermont is duly organized, and in union with 
the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States, 
being placed under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of 
New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode-Island, and Ver 
mont. That a Board of Trustees of Donations to the 
Church has been incorporated in the State of Massachu 
setts; and that, in the opinion of this Convention, the 
Society may safely confide the care of their lands in 
Vermont to such attorney or attornies as may be recom 
mended by the said Board of Trustees, and approved by 
the Ecclesiastical Convention of Vermont. 

The foregoing resolution was ordered to be sent to 
the House of Bishops. 

A Canon repealing the 46th Canon, for making 
known the Constitution and Canons of this Church, was 
proposed and adopted. 

The Kev. Dr. Bend was requested to carry the above 
Canon to the House of Bishops, who returned it with, 
their concurrence. 

On motion, Resolved, that the following addition to 
the 8th article of the Constitution, proposed at the last 
General Convention be agreed to. 

" No alteration or addition shall be made in the Book 
of Common Prayer, or other offices of the Church, un 
less the same shall be proposed in one General Conven 
tion, and by a resolve thereof made known to the Con 
vention of every Diocese or State, and adopted at the 
subsequent General Convention;" which resolution was 
directed to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The House of Bishops informed this House, that they 
concur with them in the proposed addition to the 8th 
article of the constitution. 

The House of Bishops inform the House of Clerical 
and Lay deputies, that the presiding Bishop undertakes, 
(God willing) to perform the service requested of him, 
in relation to certain lands in Vermont belonging to 
the venerable Society in England, for the propagation 
of the Gospel. 



378 JONRNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

On motion, Resolved, that the resolution passed by 
the last Convention, on the subject of duelling, be con 
sidered as not precluding any Minister from performing 
the burial service, when the person giving or receiving 
a challenge has afterwards exhibited evidences of sin 
cere repentance. 

The foregoing resolve was sent to the House of Bish 
ops, and returned with their concurrence. 

Resolved, That when this House shall adjourn, they 
will adjourn to meet at 7 o'clock this evening. 

Leave of absence was granted to the Rev. Mr. Croes, 
and Anson J. Sperry, Esq. during the remainder of the 
session. 

The House adjourned. 



FRIDAY, 7 o'clock P. M. 

The House met. 

On motion, Resolved, That the city of Philadelphia 
be the place for the meeting of the next General Con 
vention, which will be held on the third Tuesday in 
May, 1814 ; which resolve was ordered to be sent to the 
House of Bishops. 

The Committee appointed to draft a report of the 
state of the Church to be laid before the House of Bish 
ops, made the following report, which was read and 
accepted, and directed to be sent to that House. 

" The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compli 
ance with the requisitions of the 45th Canon, have taken 
a general view of the state of the Church, and respect 
fully offer to the House of Bishops the result of their 
inquiries. Time would not admit them to enter into a 
minute detail of every particular; but from the few 
observations they have made, and the documents that 
will accompany them, they hope the House of Bishops 
will be able to comply with the requisition of the above 
mentioned Canon, in regard to a pastoral letter. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

" The number of Churches in this State has not 
increased, but respect for, and attachment to the Church 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 379 

seem to be growing in several places ; and were there 
more Ministers there is reason to hope that it would 
soon be in a state of prosperity. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



" In some parts of this commonwealth, it is greatly to 
be lamented that the Churches are in a state of derange 
ment and decay; while in other places the congregations 
have increased. 



RHODE-ISLAND. 
<c 



The congregations in this State, though few, are 
large, and, with the exception of the Church in Karra- 
ganset, there appears to be a degree of zeal and regu 
larity that promises the happiest effect. 

VERMONT. 

" We are highly gratified to find that the Church in 
this State is now organized, and that zealous exertions 
are making to promote its interest and advancement. 

EASTERN DIOCESE IN GENERAL. 

" Although in these States, now formed into a diocese, 
some irregularities have taken place, and there has been 
a want of attention to the Canons and Rules of the 
Church, particularly to the Canon which requires paro 
chial reports to be made, yet the arrangements lately 
formed, and the exertions made to organize the Church, 
and to obtain for it an Episcopal head, yield a ground 
of hope that this branch of the Church of Christ will 
not only preserve, but even extend more and more the 
light of the blessed Gospel. 

CONNECTICUT. 

"In Connecticut we have reason to believe that the 
Canons and liules of the Church are duly observed. 
Since the last General Convention between four and five 
hundred families have been added to the Church; the 
congregations are in a flourishing condition ; a number 
of new Churches have been built, and, with the zeal and 



380 < JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. r !811. 

exertions of the Clergy, we may cherish the expectation, 
that the power as well as the form of godliness will 
greatly advance. 

NEW YORK. 

" Here it is believed that the Church is orderly and 
regular. Congregations are every year forming, and 
the old ones seem to maintain their usual ground. In 
the city of New York, in particular, several new Church 
es have been built, and in the Diocese in general pros 
perity seems to attend the Church. 

NEW JERSEY. 

"In this State the Church appears to conduct her 
affairs with regularity and attention. The congrega 
tions are not numerous, but they are generally orderly 
and attentive. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

"From the documents laid before us, it appears that 
although the Bishop has called the attention of the 
Clergy to the requisition of the 45th Canon, still they 
have not presented their parochial reports, and the Con 
vention is very partially attended. Many, however, of 
the Clergy and Laity are zealous and attentive. In the 
city of Philadelphia, and in some of the neighbouring 
counties new congregations have been formed, and 
churches built, and the affairs of the Church are man 
aged with attention and regularity. 

MARYLAND 

" The Church in Maryland is still in a deplorable con 
dition ; the zeal, however, manifested in some parts of 
the State, yield a hope, that she will again rise, and be 
come a distinguished part of the Church in the United 
States. 

" There being no representation from the States of 
Delaware, Virginia, and South Carolina, and no copies 
of the journals of the Conventions of those States, this 
House are unable to speak with certainty as to the situa 
tion of the Churches in those districts. They fear, 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 381 

indeed, that the Church in Virginia is, from various 
causes, so depressed, that there is danger of her total 
ruin, unless great exertions, favoured by the blessing of 
Providence, are employed to raise her. In South Caro 
lina, there is reason to believe, that a lively zeal for the 
interests of the Church prevails, which, guided by sound 
principles, has already suggested various measures, 
which promise great and lasting benefit. The House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies beg leave to observe to the 
Houso of Bishops, that while the review, in which they 
have been engaged, of the state of the Church, affords 
too much cause for deploring her declension in some 
places where she once flourished, her prosperity in other 
parts, and her general situation justify the most sanguine 
hopes of her friends. With an increasing attachment to 
her Apostolic ministry, and her primitive forms, they 
trust there is a corresponding increase of that power of 
godliness, which the outward order of the Church is 
designed to excite and nourish. 

"They pray, for the Church and for themselves, your 
counsel, and the blessing of Almighty God. 

" Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

ISAAC WILKINS, PRESIDENT." 

On motion, Resolved, That this Convention have un 
derstood, with satisfaction, that the Convention of the 
Church in Connecticut are engaged in obtaining for the 
Episcopal Academy in that State a charter empowering 
the trustees to grant degrees, and this Convention do ex 
press their earnest wish for the success of this measure. 
This resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, and 
returned with their concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
informing this House, that they concur with them in ap 
pointing the city of Philadelphia for the meeting of the 
next General Convention. 

A "Pastoral Address," prepared in pursuance of the 
45th Canon, was received from the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the House of Bishops be 



382 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

requested to appoint one of their own order to preach a 
sermon at the opening of the next General Convention; 
which was sent to the House of Bishops, and returned 
with the following message: "The House of Bishops 
state to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that 
they hope, under the blessing of God, for the attendance 
of their brother, the Right Rev. Bishop Clagget, at the 
next General Convention, and for his performance of the 
duty looked for from him, had his health permitted, at 
the opening of the present. But should there be a dis 
appointment in this respect, the two Bishops now present 
(God willing) intend to provide by correspondence be 
tween themselves, or with some one of their Right Rev 
erend Brethren, for the performance of this duty." 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary of the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies prepare the journals of this 
Convention for publication; and that the said Secretary, 
with the Rev. Dr. Hobart, the Hon. Rufus King, and Dr. 
John Onderdonk, be a Committee to publish the same, 
together with the sermon preached at the opening of the 
Convention, and the Pastoral Address of the House of 
Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this House 
be presented to the President and Secretary. 

ISAAC WILKINS, PRESIDENT. 
Attested, ASHBEL BALDWIN, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 




CITY OF NEW HAVEN, Tuesday, May 21, 1811. 
it I 1 being the day appointed by the Constitution 



of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States of America, for the meeting of the 
General Convention of said Church; and agreea 
bly to a resolve of the last General Convention of the 
Church, in the city of Baltimore, the city of New Haven 
being appointed the place of meeting, the Right Rev. 
Bishop White, of Pennsylvania, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop Jarvis, of Connecticut, met in Trinity Church, 
in the aforesaid city. It appeared that Bishop Clagget, 
who engaged to open the Convention with a sermon, had 
left his place of residence, on his way to this city, but 
was obliged, by indisposition, to return 

The Right Rev. Bishop Provost, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop Moore were prevented from attending by bodily 
disability, and the Right Rev. Bishop Madison by en 
gagements, which, in his estimation, did not admit of 
belong dispensed with at this time. 

The House of Bishops received a communication from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr.. 
Bend, informing them that they were organized, and 
ready to proceed to business. Dr. Bend was desired to 
inform the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that the 
House of Bishops was also ready. 

(383) 



384 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

This House was informed by the Rev. Dr. Kemp, that 
it was the desire of the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, that the House of Bishops would provide one of 
their own order to deliver a sermon to-morrow morning 
at 10 o'clock. They returned for answer, that the Right 
Rev. Bishop White would deliver a discourse at the 
afore-mentioned time. 

Resolved, That this House attend divine service with 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies during the ses 
sion. 

Resolved, That this House adjourn to 9 o'clock to-mor 
row morning, to meet in the State-House. 



WEDNESDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

Met according to adjournment. Present as yesterday. 

This House was informed, by the Rev. Dr. Hubbard, 
that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies were ready 
to proceed to Church for divine service. This House 
joined the procession, and went to Trinity Church. The 
Rev. Mr. Wilkins read prayers, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop White delivered a sermon. After divine service 
they returned to the State-House. 

Resolved, That the Rev. Philo Shelton act as Secretary 
to this House. 

A message was received, by the Rev. Dr. Bend, from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that they re 
turned the thanks of that House to the Right Rev. 
Bishop White, for his sermon delivered this day before 
the Convention, and that he be requested to furnish a 
copy for publication. 

Iheir request was complied with. 

This House adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, 9 o'clock, A.M. 

Met according to adjournment. Present as yesterday. 

At 10 o'clock this House joined the procession of 

Clerical and Lay Deputies, and went to Trinity Church, 



1 811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 385 

where divine service was read by the Rev. Dr. Pilmore, 
aud a sermon delivered by the Rev. Dr. Wharton; they 
then returned to the State-House, and resumed their 
business. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, the testimonials in favour of the Rev. John 
H. Hobart, D. D., as Bishop elect for the diocese of New 
York; also testimonials in favour of the Rev. Alexander 
Yiets Griswold, for the Churches of Rhode Island, Mas 
sachusetts, New Hampshire and Vermont. 

In reference to the election of the Rev. John H. Ho 
bart, D.D., there was laid before this House the follow 
ing letter from the Right Rev. Bishop Moore. 



YORK, May 18, 1811. 
"BRETHREN: You will perceive by the proceedings of 
the Convention lately held in this State, that the Rev. 
Dr. John Henry Hobart has been elected Assistant 
Bishop in this Diocese. My design in addressing these 
few lines to you, is to express my heartfelt approbation 
of the above measure. 

Your affectionate brother, 

BENJAMIN MOORE. 
By his son Clement C. Moore. 

To the Right Rev., the Bishops of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States of America, assmbled 
in General Convention, at New Haven, in Connecticut." 

It not appearing on the face of the testimonials of the 
Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, how far the Convention of 
the Churches for which he was elected had given their 
respective sanctions to his election, this House sent the 
following message to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

" The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies are inform 
ed by the House of Bishops, that they desire an inter 
view with the Deputies of the Churches in those States 
in which the Rev. Alexander Y. Griswold has been. 
elected to the Episcopal chair." 

In consequence of the above message, there appeared! 



386 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, a delega 
tion from Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont, 
which gave this House satisfaction, that the Rev. Alex 
ander V. Griswold was unanimously elected by the Con 
vention of the Church in Massachusetts, and so far aa 
the election affected the Church in the other States, it 
was concurred in by their respective Conventions, and 
reported to their several constituents, and approved of 
by them. With this evidence the House was satisfied. 

On the subject of the consecration of the Bishops elect, 
the House sent the following message to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

" The House of Bishops inform the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, that having received from them the 
testimonials of two Reverend Gentlemen elected to the 
Episcopacy, they lament that they cannot proceed to the 
consecration of those two Reverend Gentlemen during 
the session of this Convention, there being only two 
Bishops present; but they propose (God willing) to carry 
this design into effect in the city of New York, as soon 
as possible after the rising of this Convention." 

The House of Bishops inform the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, in reference to the object of the ap 
pointment of a committee to act in the recess, for the 
devising of measures for the sending of a Bishop into 
the Western States, that whenever the said business shall 
be taken up by this Convention, the House of Bishops 
are in possession of some communications which they 
think worthy of consideration. 

This House adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow A. M. 



FRIDAY, 10 o'clock, A.M. 

The House, after attending divine service in Trinity 
Church, met in the State-House. Present as the day 
before. 

This House received, by the Rev. Dr. Bend, a message 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies the follow 
ing resolution. 

"Resolved, That the documents from the House of 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 387 

Bishops relative to the Western Episcopacy be returned 
to them, with the request of this House, that they will 
take what order upon this subject they may deem 
advisable." 

There was laid before this House and read, a letter ad 
dressed to both Houses, by the Rev. Dr. Smith, residing 
in Norwalk, in this State, relative to a book of music 
composed by him, called, " The Churchman's Choral 
Companion to his Prayer Book." 

Resolved, That the said letter be communicated to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies; which was accord 
ingly done by their Secretary. 

The following message was received, by the Rev. Mr. 
Davis, from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

" There was laid before this House, by the House of 
Bishops, a petition addressed to this Convention by the 
Rev. William Smith, D. D., residing in Nbrwalk, in the 
State of Connecticut, relative to a book of music com 
posed by him, entitled, ' The Churchman's Choral Com 
panion to his Prayer Book.' " 

Resolved, That it is inexpedient for the Convention to 
take any order on the subject." 

Resolved, That in the above resolution this House 
concur. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies a report from the Committee appointed at 
the last General Convention to address the Church in the 
western districts, and for other purposes. 

The following message was sent to the House of Cler 
ical Deputies : 

" The House of Bishops propose to the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies the appointment of a Committee 
for further attention to the object of the 4th resolution 
(recorded page 14 in the journal of the last Convention), 
and that the Bishops in Pennsylvania and in Virginia be 
requested to correspond with each other, for the devising 
means whereby the congregations in those States west 
ward of the Allegany mountains may be benefited by 
any measures to be adopted by the Committee, the ap 
pointing of which is hereby recommended." 



388 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

This House received, by Dr. Kemp, from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, the following resolution : 

"Resolved, That the Bishops in Pennsylvania and Vir 
ginia be requested to devise means for supplying the 
congregations of this Church west of the Allegany 
mountains with the ministrations and worship of the 
same, and for organizing the Church in the Western 
States, anything in the 37th Canon to the contrary not 
withstanding." 

The above resolution was concurred in by this House. 

This House received by the Rev. Dr. Hubbard, from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the following 
resolve : 

" Resolved, That the presiding Bishop of the House of 
Bishops be respectfully requested to address a letter, in 
behalf of this Convention, to the venerable Society in 
England for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in 
forming them that the Church in the State of Vermont 
is duly organized, and in union with the Protestant 
Episcopal Church of the United States of America, being 
placed under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of the Dio 
cese of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 
and Vermont. That a Board of Trustees of Donations 
to the Church has been incorporated in the State of 
Massachusetts ; and that, in the opinion of this Conven 
tion, the Society may safely confide the care of their 
lands in Vermont to such attorney or attornies as may 
be recommended by the said Board of Trustees, and ap 
proved by the Ecclesiastical Convention of Vermont." 

The House of Bishops informed the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies that the presiding Bishop will, by the 
providence of Almighty God, perform the services re 
quested of him, in relation to certain lauds in Vermont, 
belonging to the venerable Society of England for propa 
gating the Gospel. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, a proposed Canon, repealing the 46th 
Canon for making known the Constitution and Canons 
of the Church. 

The House of Bishops concur with the House of Cler- 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 389 

ical and Lay Deputies in the repealing the aforesaid 
Canon. 

The House of Bishops concur with the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies in the proposed addition to the 
8th article of the Constitution by them resolved, viz. 

" Resolved, That the following addition to the 8th 
article of the Constitution, proposed at the last General 
Convention be agreed to. 

" N"o alteration or addition shall be made in the Book 
of Common Prayer, or other offices of the " Church, 
unless the same shall be proposed in one General Con 
vention, and by a resolve thereof made known to the 
Convention of every Diocese or State, and adopted at the 
subsequent General Convention." 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies a resolution on the subject of duelling, in 
which resolution this House concurred. 

This House adjourned to meet at 7 o'clock, P. M. 



FRIDAY, 7 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met according to adjournment. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the hand of the Rev. Dr. Bend, the 
following resolution : 

" On motion, Resolved, That the next meeting of the 
General Convention be in the city of Philadelphia." 

In the above resolution this House concur. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, the following resolve : 

"Resolved, That this Convention have understood, 
with satisfaction, that the Convention of the Church in 
Connecticut are engaged in obtaining for the Episcopal 
academy in Cheshire, a charter, empowering the trustees 
to grant degrees; and this Convention do express their 
earnest wish for the success of this measure." 

In the above resolve this House concur. . 

The House of Bishops, agreeably to the 45th Canon, 
providing for a review of the state of the Church adopt- 



390 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

ed a Pastoral Address; which was sent to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

This House received, by the hands of the Rev. Dr. 
Hubbard, from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
a resolve in the following words : 

" Eesolved, That the House of Bishops be requested to 
appoint one of their own order to preach a sermon at the 
opening of the next General Convention." 

This House state to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, that they hope, under the blessing of God, for 
the attendance of their brother, the Right Rev. Bishop 
Clagget, at the next General Convention, and for his per 
formance of the duty looked for from him, had his health 
permitted, at the opening of the present. But should 
there be a disappointment in this respect, the two Bishops 
now present (God willing) intend to provide, by corres 
pondence between themselves, or with some one of their 
Right Reverend Brethren, for the performance of that 
duty. 

The House adjourned. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops: 
WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested, PHILO SHELTON, Secretary. 



CANON Repealing the 46th Canon. 

The 46th Canon, providing for making known the Constitution and Can 
ons of the Church, is hereby repealed. 

Addition to the 8th Article of the Constitution. 

No alteration or addition shall be made in the Book of Common Prayer, 
or other Offices of the Church, unless the same shall be proposed in one 
General Convention, and by a resolve thereof made known to the Conven 
tion of every Diocese or State, and adopted at the subsequent General 
Convention. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DUPUTIES. 

ISAAC WILKINS, PRESIDENT. 
ASHBEL BALDWIN, Secretary. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 
PHILO SHELTON, Secretary. 



1811.] 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 



391 



The following Clergy attended the General Conven 
tion, and were admitted to the sittings of the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 



The Eev. John V. Bartow, Georgia. The Rev. 
William Gibson, Virginia. 
Oliver Norris, Maryland. 
Elijah G. Plumb, Conn. 
Benjamin Benham, 
Daniel Burhans, 
Richard Mansfield, D.D. 
Calvin White, 
Russel Wheeler, 
Virgil H. Barber, 
Truman Marsh, 
Chauncy Prindle, 
Tillotson Brunson, 
Asa Eaton, Massachusetts. 



Simon Wilmer, New Jersey. 
Thomas Lyell, New York. 
Samuel F.Jarvis, " 
Joseph L). Welton, Conn. 
Roger Searle, 
Menzies Rayner, 
Smith Miles, 
John Tyler, 
Charles Seabury, 
Solomon Blakely, 
David Baldwin, 
Daniel M' Donald, 
Isaac Jones, 



lust of 



OP THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States of America, 

Delivered in and published agreeably to the 
Canons, 1808. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, 
and Vermont. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, Bishop. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Deacon, St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 

The Rev. John H. Fowle, Rector of Church, Holderness. 

The Rev. Daniel Barber, Rector of Church, Claremont. 

The Rev. Mr. Catlin, officiates at Plainfield. 
The Rev. Samuel Mead. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. John Sylvester J. Gardiner, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston 
The Rev. Asa Eaton, Rector of Christ Church, Boston. 
The Rev. Nathaniel Fisher, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Salem. 
The Rev. James Bowers, Rector of St. Michael's Church. Marblehead. 
The Rev. William Montague, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. 
The Rev. James Morse, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 
The Rev. Amos Purdy, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough. 
The Rev. Samuel Griswold, Rector of St. James's Church, Great Barring- 
ton, and the Church at Lenox. 

St. Michael's Church, Scituate, and St. Peter's, Mansfield, vacant 
St. Ann's Church, Gardiner, vacant. 
The Church at Portland vacant. 
The Church at Hanover, vacant. 

(392) 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 393 

RHODE-ISLAND. 

The Right Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, Rector of St. Michael's Church, 

Bristol. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, Rector of St. John's Church, Providence. 
The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Manchester and Arlington. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, Deacon, Vergennes, Middlebury and Charlotte. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., Bishop. 

The Rev. Tillotson Brunson, Principal of the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 

The Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church, Derby, and 

the Churches of Oxford and Great Hill. 
The Rev. Bela Hubbard, D.D., Rector of Trinity Church, New-Haven, and 

Christ Church, West-Haven. 
The Rev. John Tyler, Rector of Christ Church, Norwich. 

The Rev. Daniel Fogg, Rector of Church, Pomfret. 

The Rev. Philo Shelton, Rector of Trinity Church, Fairfield, St. John's, 

Stratfield, and the Church at Weston. 
The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Stratford, and Trinity 

Church, Trumbull. 

The Rev. Chauncy Prindle. Rector of the Churches of Oxford and Salem. 
The Rev. Reuben Ives, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Cheshire, and officiat 
ing in the Churches at Hambden and Wallingford. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 
The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown, and St. 

Luke's, Brookfield. 

The Rev. Solomon Blakesly, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, East Haddam. 
The Rev. Charles Seabury, Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 
The Rev. Smith Miles, Rector of the Churches of Chatham and Middle 

Haddam. 

The Rev. Menzies Rayner, Rector of the Church, Hartford. 
The Rev. Calvin White, Assistant Minister of the Church in Derby. 
The Rev. John Kewley, M. D., Rector of Christ Church, Middletown. 
The Rev. Henry Whitlock, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, and the 

Church at Wilton. 
The Rev. Roger Searle, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Plymouth, and St. 

Matthew's, Bristol. 

The Rev. Virgil H. Barber, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury. 
The Rev. Russell Wheeler, Rector of Christ Church, Watertown. 
The Rev. Asa Cornwall, Rector of the Churches in Simsbury and Granby. 
The Rev. Elijah G. Plumb, Minister of the Churches in Reading, Dan- 
bury, and Ridgefield. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benham, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford, 

and the Churches of New Preston and Bridgewater. 
The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of the Churches of Guilford and North 

Bristol. 
The Rev. Joseph D. Welton, officiating in the Churches of Woodbury, 

Roxbury and Bethlehem. 



394 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

The Rev. Sturgis Gilbert, officiating in the Churches of Kent and Sharon. 
The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, Deacon, and assistant instructor in the Epia- 

c ^al Academy, Cheshire. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Huse, Deacon, officiating at Warehouse Point. 
The Rev. William Smith, D. D., resident at Norwalk. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D. D., 1 
The Right Rev. Benj imin Moore, D. D., > Bishops. 
The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D ., ) 
The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica. 
The Rev. Theodosius Bartow, Rector of Trinity Church, New Rochelle. 
The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, Principal of the Protestant Episcopal Acad 
emy, New York ; officiating at St. Matthew's Church., Jersey City. 
The Rev. Abraham Beach, D. D., Assistant Rector of Trinity Church, 

New York. 
The Rev. William Berrian, Deacon, residing in New York ; officiating at 

Belville, New Jersey. 

The Rev. John Bowden, D. D., Professor of Rhetoric and Moral Philoso 
phy in Columbia College. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, Rector of Grace Church, New York. 
The Rev. David Butler, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Troy, and Trinity 

Church, Lansingburgh. 
The Rev. Barzillai Bulkley, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 

Long Island. 
The Rev. Nathan B. Burgess, Caroline Church, Brookhaven, Long 

Island. 

The Rev. William Clark, Deacon, Missionary. 
The Rev. Timothy Clowes, Deacon, St. Peter's Church, Albany. 
The Rev Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's Church, Yonkers. 
The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, Christ Church, Hudson, Columbia County. 
The Rev. Adam Empie, Deacon, Hempstead, Long Island. 
The Rev. Henry J. Feltus, Rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, Long 

Island. 

The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Deacon, Missionary. 
The Rev. Nathan Felch, Churches at Bedford and North Castle, West 

Chester County. 

The Rev. William Harris, Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York.' 
The Rev. Seth Hart, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, and 

Christ Church, North Hempstead, Long Island. 
The Rev. Samuel Haskiil, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, West Chester 

County. 
The Rev. Thomas Y. How, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 

York. 

The Rev. Reuben Hubbard, Duanesborough. 

The Rev. S.am'1 F. Jarvis, St. Michael's Church, Bloomingdale, New York. 
The Rev. Cave Jones, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, N. York. 
Tne Rev Jonathan Judd, Rector of St. John's Church, Johnstown, and 

St. Ann's Church, Fort Hunter, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. Thomas Lyell, Rector of Christ Church, New York 
The Rev. Richard C. Moore, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen's Church, N. Y. 
The Rev. David Moore, Deacon, St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island. 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 395 

The Rev Daniel Nash, Rector of St. John's Church, Otsego, St. Luke's 

Church, Richfield, Harmony Church, Butternutts, and other Church- 

es in Otsego County. 

The Rev. Samuei Nesbit, residing in New York. 
The Rev Joseph Perry, Christ Church, Balltown. 

The Rev. Davenport Phelps, Missionary in the Western Part of the State. 
The Rev. Joseph Prentice, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, Greene Co. 
The Rev. Wm. Powell, Dea., St. Andrew's Church, Coldenham, Orange Co. 
The Rev. John Reed, Rector of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, Duchess Co. 
The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Deacon, Grace Church, Jamaica, Long Island. 
The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 
The Rev. George Strebeck, residing in New York. 

The Rev. John TTrquhart, Peekskill and Phillip's Town, Duchess County. 
The Rev. Frederick Van. Home, residing at Coldenham. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, Rector of St. Peter's Church, West Chester, and 

St. Paul's Church, East Chester. 

The Rev. Seth Williston, Deacon, Zion Church, New York. 
The Rev. William E. Wyatt, Deacon, St. James's Church, Newtown, Long 

Island. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Chas. H. Wharton, D. D., Rector, St Mary's Church, Burlington. 

The Rev. John Croes, Rector of Christ Church, New Brunswick, and St. 
Peter's Church, Spotswood. 

The Rev. Joseph Willard, Rector of Trinity Church, Newark. 

The Rev. John C. Rudd, Rector of St. John's Church, Elizabeth Town. 

The Rev. Simon Wihner, Rector of Trinity Church, Swedesborough. 

The Rev. James Chapman, St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 

The Rev. Daniel Hi'gbee, St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly, and St. 
Mary's Church, Colestown. 

The Rev. John Croes, jr. Deacon; officiating in St. Peter's Church, Free 
hold, Christ Church, Shrewsbury, and Christ Church, Middletown. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Bishop. 

The Rev. Samuel Magaw, D. D. 

The Rev. John Andrews, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D. 

The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D. 

The Rev. Jame- Abercrombie, D. D., Assistant Minister of Christ Church, 

St. Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Jos. Pilmore, D.D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. William Ayres. 
The Rev. Slater Clay, Rector of St. James's Perkiomen, and St. Peter's in 

the Valley. 
The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, Rector of St. James's, Lancaster, St. John's 

Church, Pequea, and Bangor Church, Carnarvon. 
The Rev Robert Ayres. 

The Rev. Francis Reno, Westmoreland County. 

The Rev. Joseph Turner, Rector of St. Martin's Church, Marcus Hook. 
The Rev. Caleb Hopkins, Rector of Christ Church, Derry Township, and 

Christ Church, Turbutt Township, Northumberland County. 



396 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

The Eev. Thomas Davis, Somerset County. 

The Rev. James Wiltbank, Rector of Trinity Church, Oxford, and All 

Sain s, Peque^ton. 
The Rev. Absalom Jones (a hlack man), Rector of the African Church of 

St. Thomas, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John Taylor, Hector of the Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh. 
The R~v. Levi Bull, Rector of St. Gabriel's Church, Berk's County, and 

St. Mary's, Chester County. 
The Rev. Joseph Hulbert Turner, A. M., Deacon. 
The Rev. Jackson Kernper, A. M., Deacon, Assistant Minister of Christ 

Church, St. Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE. 

No list of the Clergy was received from this State. 
MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas John Claggett, D. D., Bishop. 

*The Rev. Benj Contee, Rector of William and Mary, Charles County. 

The Rev. John Weems, Rector of Port Tobacco Parish, Charles County. 

The Rev. William Swann, residing in Port Tobacco, Charles County. 

The Rev. William Duncan, Rector of Durham, Charles County. 

The Rev. Nicholas W. Lane, residing in Calvert County. 

The Rev. Thomas Scott, Rector of Queen Anne's, Prince George's County. 

*The Rev. Bethel Judd, A. M., Principal of St. John's College, and Rector 

of St. Anne's Parish. 
The Rev. Ralph Higinbothom, Vice-Principal, residing in Annapolis, 

Anne Arundel County. 

The Rev. John W. Compton, Rector of St. James's Parish, Anne Arundel. 
The Rev. William Hind, Rector of Margaret, Westmoreland, " 
The Rev. Oliver Norris, Rector of Queen Caroline, Anne Arundel. 
The Rev. Walter D. Addison, Rector of John's, Territory of Columbia. 
The Rev. Andrew T. M'Cormick, Rector of Washington, Territory of 

Columbia. 

The Rev. Thomas Read, Rector of Prince George's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. John Chandler, Rector of St. Peter's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. George Bower, Rector of St. John's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. George Bower, Rector of St. John's, Washington County. 
*The Rev. Joseph G. I. Bend, D. D., Associate Rector of St. Paul's Parish, 

Baltimore County. 
The Rev. Frederic Beasley, D. D., Associate Rector of St. Paul's Parish, 

Baltimore County. 
The Rev. George Ralph, A. M., residing in St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore 

County. 

The Rev. Henry Moscrop, residing in St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County. 
*The Rev. George Dashiel, Rector of St. Peter's, Baltimore County. 
The Rev. John Coleman, Rector of St. James's, Baltimore County. 
The Rev. George D. Handy, Rector of St. John's, Harford County. 
The Rev. John' Allen, Rector of St. George's, Harford County. 
*The Rev. Henry L. Davis, Rector of St. Stephen's, Cecil County. 
The Rev. William Duke, residing in Elkton, Cecil County. 

This mark * denotes members of the Standing Committee. 



1811.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 397 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, Rector of Charlestown, Kent County. 

The Rev. Daniel Stephens, Rector of St. Luke's, Queen Anne's County. 

*The Rev. Joseph Jackson, St. Peter's, Talbot County. 

The Rev. James Kemp, D. D., Rector of Great Choptank, Dorchester Co. 

Tlu- Rev. William M. Stone, Rector of Stepney, Somerset County. 

The Rev. James Laird, Rector of Somerset, Somerset County. 

The Rev. David Ball, Rector of All-Hallow's, Worcester County. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. James Madison, D D., Bishop. 
No list of the Clergy was received from this State. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Theodore Dehon.D. D., Rector of St. Michael's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. James D. Simons, Rector of St. Philips. 

The Rev Christopher Edward Gadsden, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's 

Church, Charleston 

The Rev. William Percy, Rector of the third Episcopal Church, Charleston. 
The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., Rector of St. Andrews Parish. 
The Rev. Andrew Fowlef. 

The Rev Charles Blair Snowden, Rector of St. Stephen's Parish. 
The Rev. John T. Tschudy, Rector of Claremont Parish. 
The Rev. Solomon Hailing, Rector of Prince George, Winyah, Georgetown. 
The Rev. John Barnwell Campbell, Rector of St. Helena's Church, 

Beaufort. 

The Rev. Hugh Fraser, Rector of Prince Frederick's Parish. 
The Rev. Jos. Warren, Rector of the Episcopal Church on Edisto Island. 

CLERGYMEN IN THE STATE NOT HAVING CUBES. 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D. 
The Rev. Milward Pogson. 
The Rev. Paul T. Gervais. 
The Rev. Galen Hicks. 

GEORGIA. 
The Rev. John V. Bartow, Rector of Christ Church, Savannah. 

On Wednesday, the 29th day of May, in Trinity 
Church, in the city of New York, the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, of Pennsylvania, being presiding Bishop, the 
Right Rev. Bishop Provoost, of New York, and the 
Right Rev. Bishop Jarvis, of Connecticut, being present, 
and assisting, the Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., of 
New York, and the Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, of 
Bristol, Rhode Island, were consecrated Bishops : the 
former for the Diocese of New York, and the latter for 
the Eastern Diocese, composed of the States of Massa 
chusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Vermont. 



398 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1811. 

The following are the certificates of consecration : 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William "White, D. D., Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, presid 
ing Bishop, Samuel Provoost, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of New York, and Abraham Jarvis, D. D., Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Connecticut, under the pro 
tection of Almignty God, in Trinity Church, in the City of New York, 
on Wednesday, the twenty-ninth day of May, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and eleven, did then and there rightly and 
canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, John Henry Hobart, D. D , 
an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, in the city of New York, of 
whose sufficiency in good learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of 
manners we were fully ascertained, into the office of Bishop of the Protes 
tant Episcopal Church in the State of New York, to which he hath been 
elected by the Convention of said State ; to assist the Bishops of the 
Church in said State in the duties of the Episcopal office, and to succeed 
in case of survivorship. 

Given in the city of New York, this twenty-ninth day of May, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eleven. 

WILLIAM WHITE. 

SAMUEL PROVOOST. 

ABRAHAM JARVIS. 

Know all mon by these presents, that we, William White, D.D., Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, presid 
ing Bishop, Samuel Provoost, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of New York, and Abraham Jarvis, D. D., Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the State of Connecticut, under the 
protection of Almighty God, in Trinity Church, in the city of New York, 
on Wednesday, the twenty-ninth day of May, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and eleven, did then and there rightly and 
canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, Alexander Viets Griswold, 
Rector of St. Michael's Church, Rhode Island, of whose sufficiency in 
ood learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of manners we were 
ully ascertained, into the office of Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the Eastern Diocese, composed of the States of Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Vermont, to which he hath been 
elected by the Convention of said States. 

Given in the city of New York, this twenty-ninth day of May, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eleven. 

WILLIAM WHITE. 
SAMUEL PROVOOST. 
ABRAHAM JARVIS. 



g 
f 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OF THE 





rs 



THE UNITED STATES OP AMERICA, 



HELD 



THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FBOM MAY 17iH, TO MAY 24iH, 

1814, INCLUSIVE. 

(399) 



JOURNAL. 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF 
CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES 

who attended the Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church, in the United States, held in Philadelphia, 
in May, 1814. 



CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

VERMONT. 

John P. K. Henshaw. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

John Sylvester, Asa Eaton, 

John Gardiner, D. D., James Morss. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Aahbel Baldwin, Philo Shelton. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Salmon Wheaton, Nathan B. Crocker. 

NEW YORK. 

John Kewiey, M. D., Thomas Y. How, D D. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Charles Henry Wharton, D. D., John C. Eudd. 
John Croes, D. D., 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Joseph Pilmore, D. D., James Wiltbank, 

James Abercrombie, D. D., Levi Bull. 

400 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 401 

DELAWARE. 

William Pryce, Eobert Clay. 

MARYLAND. 

James Kemp, D. D., William M. Stone, 

George Dashiel, Daniel Stephens. 

VIRGINIA. 

William A. Wilmer, Hugh C. Boggs. 

Oliver Norris, 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

John S. TBchudy, Christopher E. Gadsden. 



LAY DEPUTIES. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

John Deane, Esq. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Benjamin Gardner, Esq., Abel Jones, Esq. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Charles Sigourney, Esq. 

NEW YORK. 

Hon. Philip S. Van Eensselaer, Doctor John Onderdonk. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Joshua M. Wallace, Esq., Joseph Higby, Esq., 

Hon. William Coxe, Josiah Harrison, Esq. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

General Francis Gurney, John M'Elroy, Esq., 

Thomas M'Euen, Esq., Jacob Warren, Esq. 

DELAWARE. 

Joseph Burn, Esq., Joseph Eeynolds, Esq. 

MARYLAND. 

Bobert Dunn, Esq., John C. Herbert, Esq. 

VIRGINIA. 

George Deneale, Esq., Col. Hugh Mercer. 

Edward M'Guire, 



402 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 



LIST OF THE CLERGY 

who were admitted to attend the sittings of the Conven 
tion of 1814, not being members of the same. 

NEW YORK. 

David Moore. 



Timothy Clowes, 
John Brady, 



Simon Wilmer. 



NEW JERSEY. 
PENNSYLVANIA. 



Joseph Hatching, D. D., 
Joseph Turner, 



Henry Lyon Davis, 
Purnell F. Smith, 



Frederick Beaseley, D. D., 
Jehu C. Clay. 

MARYLAND. 

Samuel F. Turner. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



Ijfongf of dSlrriral and Hag 




If r > PHILADELPHIA, Tuesday, May 17, 1814. 

>MJ \& being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
" General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, several 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended at 12 o'clock, A. M., in 
St. James' Church, and adjourned to meet at 5 o'clock, P. M. 

Same day, 5 o'clock, P. M. 

A quorum of the House appearing, the Secretary of the 
House in the last Convention acted as Secretary pro tempore. 

The House then proceeded to read the Testimonials of 
the Clerical and Lay Deputies, which were severally approv 
ed, and the following gentlemen took their seats in the 
House. 

From Massachusetts, Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D., 
Rev. James Morss, and John Deane, Esq. From Rhode 
Island, Rev. Salmon Wheaton, Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, 
Benjamin Gardner, and Abel Jones, Esq. From Connecti 
cut, Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rev. Philo Shelton, and Charles 
Sigourney, Esq. From New York, Rev. John Kewley, 
M. D., Rev. Thomas Y. How, D. D., and Hon. Philip S. 
Van Rensselaer. From New Jersey, Rev. Charles H. 
Wharton, D. D., Rev. John Croes, D. D. 5 Rev. John C. 

403 



404 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

Kudd, Joshua M. Wallace, Esq., Hon. William Coxe, and 
Joseph Higby, Esq. From Pennsylvania, Rev. James 
Wiltbank, Rev. Levi Bull, Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., 
Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., General Francis Gurney, 
Thomas M'Euen, and John M'Elroy, Esqrs. From Dela 
ware, Rev. Willia i Pryce. From Virginia, Rev. Hugh C. 
Boggs. From Maryland, Rev. Daniel Stephens, Rev. James 
Kemp, D. D., Rev. William M. Stone, and Robert Dunn, 
Esq. From South Carolina, Rev. John J. Tschudy, and 
Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden. 

The House proceeded to the election of a President and 
Secretary, when it appeared that the Rev. John Croes, D. D. 
was chosen President, and the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Sec 
retary. 

On motion, resolved unanimously, That James Milnor, 
Esq., be invited to assist the Secretary in the duties of his 
office. 

The following rules of order were then read and adopted: 

1. The business of every day shall be introduced with the 
morning service of the Church. 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, unless to 
address the chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service of 
the House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak in debate, or de 
liver any matter to the House, he shall, with due respect, 
address himself to the President, confining himself strictly 
to the point in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate without leave of the House. 

6. A question being once determined, shall stand as the 
judgment of the House, and shall not be again drawn into 
debate during the same session, unless with the consent of 
two-thirds of the House. 

7. While the President is putting any question, the 
members shall continue in their seats, anid shall not hold 
any private discourse. 

8. Every member, who shall be in the House when any 
question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless he 
be personally interested in the decision. 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 405 

9. No motion shall be considered as before the House, 
unless it be seconded, and, when required, reduced to writing. 

10. When any question is before the House, it shall be 
determined on before any thing new is introduced, except 
the question of adjournment. 

11. The question on a motion for adjournment shall bo 
taken before any other, and without debate. 

12. When the House is about to rise, every member shall 
keep his seat until the President shall leave his chair. 

Doctor How presented a certificate, signed by the Clerk 
of the Vestry, of the Protestant Episcopal Church at Lex 
ington, in the State of Kentucky, of the appointment of 
Mr. John D. Clifford, to represent the Church of that State 
in this Convention, which was read. 

Whereupon, Kesolved, that the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State ot Kentucky not being organized, and 
not having in convention, acceded to the Constitution of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, Mr. Clifford cannot be admitted a member of this 
House, but that he be allowed the privilege of an honorary 
seat. 

Dr. Kemp was appointed to inform the House of Bishops, 
that this House was organized and ready to proceed to busi 
ness. 

Dr. Kemp reported that he had performed that service, 
and that he was requested by the House of Bishops, to in 
form this House, that they also were prepared to proceed to 
business. 

It having been stated that the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, al 
though a resident in Vermont, at the time of his election 
as a Clerical Delegate from that State, had since removed, 
and was a resident in another State, it was on motion Re 
solved, that Mr. Henshaw be admitted to a seat as a mem 
ber of this Convention : 

And Mr. Henshaw took his seat accordingly. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Clergy of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, who may be in this City during the 
sitting of this Convention, and who are not members, be 
admitted to attend the same, as visitors. 

On motion, ordered, that unless otherwise directed, the 
hour of meeting, be in future at 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Adjourned. 



406 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

Wednesday, May 18, 1814, St. James' Church. 

House met. 

The following gentlemen appeared and took their seats 
in this House. 

From Virginia, Rev. William H. Wilmer, Rev. Oliver 
Norris, George Deneale, Esq., Edward C. M'Guire, and Col. 
Hugh Mercer. From Maryland, Rev. George Dashiel, John 
C. Herbert, Esq. From Delaware, Joseph Burn, and Alex 
ander Reynolds, Esq. From Massachusetts, Rev. Asa 
Eaton. From Pennsylvania, Jacob Warren, Esq. From 
New York, Dr. John Onderdonk. 

A certified extract from the minutes of the Convention 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the State of Virginia, 
stating the election by that body of the Rev. Richard Chan- 
ning Moore, as bishop of that diocese, was presented and 
read. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the members of this house, do now pro 
ceed to sign the testimonials required by the Canons in 
favour of Dr Richard Charming Moore, in order to his con 
secration as Bishop of the diocese of Virginia ; which was 
accordingly done, and the certificate in proper form trans 
mitted to the house of bishops. 

The house then rose for the purpose of attending Divine 
Service, and Sermon by the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, on 
occasion of the meeting of this Convention and the Conse 
cration of Dr Moore. After which the house resumed their 
session ; and it was on motion, 

Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of this Conven 
tion be communicated to Bishop Hobart, for his appropriate 
and excellent Sermon, and that he be requested to furnish 
a copy of the same, for publication. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton was appointed to communicate 
the foregoing resolution to the house of Bishops for their 
concurrence, and if concurred in by them, to wait upon the 
Right Rev. Bishop Hobart with the same. 

Dr. Wharton reported that he had performed the services 
assigned him ; that the resolution had been concurred in by 
the house of Bishops, and communicated to Bishop Hobart ; 
who promised to comply with the request of the Convention. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee, consisting of 
one member from each State represented in this house, be 



1814.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 407 

appointed to examine the Journals of the different State 
Conventions, Episcopal charges, addresses, and pastoral let 
ters, which have been or may be, laid before this house 
during the present session, to make inquiry into the state 
of the Church in each diocese, and into the attention paid 
to the Canons and Rules of the Church ; to draw up a view 
of the state of the Church, and report the same to the house, 
agreeably to the 45th Canon. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to compose said 
Committee : 

From Vermont, Rev. Mr. Henshaw. From Massachu 
setts, Rev. Dr. Gardiner. From Rhode Island, Rev. Mr. 
Wheaton. From Connecticut, Rev. Mr. Shelton. From 
New York, Rev. Dr. How. From New Jersey, Rev. Mr. 
Rudd. From Pennyslvania, Rev. Dr. Abercrombie. From 
Delaware, Rev. Mr. Pryce. Virginia, Rev. Mr. Wilmer 
South Carolina, Mr. Tschudy. 

* Divine Service and Sermon having been announced as in 
tended to take place in this church to-morrow morning, at 
10 o'clock, the house agreed to meet at that time for the 
purpose of attending the same, and immediately afterwards 
to proceed to the transaction of business. 

Adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 19th, 1814. 

House attended Divine Service in St. James' Church. 
Divine Service was performed by the Reverend Simon Wil 
mer, and a Sermon preached by the Reverend Doctor How. 

After Divine Service House met. 

Josiah Harrison, Esq., a lay delegate from New Jersey, 
appeared and took his seat. 

On motion, Resolved unanimously, That at the next 
General Convention, and at all future conventions, the ses 
sion shall be opened, in addition to the prayers and Sermon, 
usual on such occasions, with the celebration of the Lord's 
Supper ; in which resolution the house of Bishops concurred. 

The following resolution was submitted for consideration 
by Mr. Herbert, and ordered to lie on the table. 

Resolved, That the following clause be added as an 
amendment to the 9th Canon: 



408 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

" Provided always, that the Bishop, with the advice and 
consent of two-thirds of the Standing Committee, may dis 
pense with the knowledge of the Latin and Greek Lan 
guages in candidates for Deacon's orders." 

The following documents were laid before the House, in 
compliance with the 45th Canon: 

From Massachusetts, a certified copy from the records of 
the Church of that State, up to the year 1813, inclusive. 

From Rhode Island, a certified abstract of the returns 
made to the .convention of the Church in that State. 

From Connecticut, a printed journal of the proceedings 
of the convention of that diocese, for the years 1811, 1812, 
and 1813. 

From N"ew York, printed journals from the year 1785 to 
the year 1813, inclusive. 

From New Jersey, printed journals for the years 1811, 
1812, and 1813, and a report containing the substance of 
the three journals. 

From Pennsylvania, printed journals for the years 1811, 
1812, and 1813. 

From Maryland, printed journals for the years 1811, 1812, 
and 1813. 

From Virginia, journals up to the year 1813, inclusive. 

From South Carolina, journals up to the year 1813, in 
clusive. 

The following resolution was communicated by the House 
of Bishops, as adopted by them, in which they requested the 
concurrence of this House: 

Resolved, That the journals of the General Convention 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, from the commencement of the said conventions; 
together with an appendix, containing the Constitution and 
Canons of the Church, be published under the superin 
tendence of the Bishop of this Church in Pennsylvania; 
provided a number be engaged for, sufficient for the encour 
agement of a bookseller: which resolution was read and 
concurred in by this House. 

Mr. Higby asked for, and obtained, leave of absence dur 
ing the remainder of the session. 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 409 

FRIDAY, May 20, 1814. 

The House attended Divine Service in St. James' Church. 
The President performed Divine Service, and the Eight 
Reverend Bishop Griswold preached a sermon. 

After Divine service the House met. 

The Kev. Robert Clay, a Clerical Delegate, from the 
State of Delaware, appeared and took his seat. 

Mr. Wallace asked and obtained leave of absence for Mr. 
Coxe, during the remainder of the session. 

The following resolution was offered by the Rev. Mr. 
Gadsden, und ordered to lie on the table until to-morrow. 

Resolved, That with the consent of the House of 
Bishops, a joint committee of both houses, be appointed to 
take into consideration, the institution of a Theological 
Seminary, and if they should deem the same expedient, to 
report a plan for the raising of funds, and generally for the 
accomplishment of the object. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a declaration of that House, explanatory of the 
19th Canon, so far as concerns the place of officiating and 
the dress of Lay Readers which was read and returned to 
said House. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a declaration, proposed to be made by this Con 
vention, of the identity of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
in the United States of America, with the body heretofore 
known by the name of the Church of England, and of the 
present entire independence of the former of the Civil and 
Ecclesiastical authority of any foreign country, which decla 
ration was concurred in, and returned to the House of 
Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a Canon, which had been adopted by that House, 
entitled "a Canon, altering and explaining the 29th Canon, 
concerning the election and institution of Ministers," in 
which they requested the concurrence of this House; on 
motion it was ordered to lie on the table. 

Mr. Burns asked for, and obtained leave of absence, dur 
ing the remainder of the session. 

A message was receiv.ed from the House of Bishops, trans 
mitting a proposition for directing the Bishop, or other 



410 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

Ecclesiastical authority in each State or Diocese, to furnish 
themselves with a copy or copies of the Book of Homilies, 
and requiring the same to be studied by candidates, for the 
ministry; which on motion was ordered to lie on the table. 
Adjourned, until 10 o'clock, to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, May 21, 1814. 

The House attended Divine Service in St. James's Church. 
The Rev. Mr. Wheaton performed Divine Service, and the 
Eight Rev. Bishop Dehon preached a sermon. 

After Divine Service, House met. 

The Rev. Mr. Henshaw asked for, and obtained leave of 
absence, until Tuesday next. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilmer proposed the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the next Session of the General Conven 
tion be holden at 

On motion, the said resolution was laid on the table. 

The Committee appointed to examine the Journals of the 
different State Conventions, Episcopal charges, addresses 
and pastoral letters, and to draw up a view of the state of 
the Church, made report as follows : 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance 
with the requisitions of the 45th Canon, have taken a gen 
eral view of the state of the Church, and respectfully offer 
to the House of Bishops, the result of their inquiries. From 
these observations, and the accompanying documents, it is 
hoped, that the House of Bishops will be able to comply 
with the requisition of the above mentioned Canon, in re 
gard to a Pastoral Letter. 

EASTERN DIOCESE. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Church in this State appears to be stationary; no 
material alteration having taken place for several years past. 
The Congregations, though not numerous, are attached to 
the worship of the Church, and perform their devotional 
exercises with order and regularity. 



1814.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 411 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

In this State, the general appearance of the Church is 
highly flattering. Two new church edifices have been erect 
ed; new congregations have been formed; and some of the 
former ones considerably enlarged. A growing zeal for the 
cause of religion, and an attachment to the interests of the 
Church are visible in many parts of the State, and promise 
increasing prosperity. Though some instances have occur 
red, in which the Rubrics and Canons have not been regard 
ed, it is believed that such instances are less frequent than 
on former occasions, and that an attachment to the pre 
scribed order and worship of the Church, is daily increasing. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The state of the Church in this part of the Eastern 
Diocese, is also flourishing. The congregations are all, 
except one, large and prosperous. Some have much in 
creased, both in the number of families and the number of 
communicants; order and regularity generally prevail, and 
every deviation from the established regulations of the 
Church, meets with decided disapprobation. 

VERMONT. 

The great question, in regard to the Church lands in this 
State, yet remains undecided. Consequently, the difficulty 
of providing support, for a sufficient number of pious and 
active Clergymen, presents an insuperable obstacle, to the 
growth of the Church here. The labours, however, of those 
two or three Clergymen, who have officiated here, have in 
general, been crowned with success, and several congrega 
tions formed, which are zealous and flourishing. 

EASTERN DIOCESE, GENERALLY. 

From the returns made by the Bishop of the Eastern 
Diocese, composed of the above mentioned States, it appears 
that there have been since the last General Convention, the 
following ordinations, viz.: the Rev. Parker Adams, Rev. 
Charles Burroughs, Rev. Nathaniel Huse, (for Connecticut.) 
Priests. Aaron Humphrey, John Prentice Kewley Hen- 
shaw, Evan Malbone Johnson, (for Connecticut,) and Titus 
Strong, Deacons. 



412 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

The number of confirmations, in three years have heen 
1504. The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, has been instituted Rec 
tor of the Church in Hanover, and the Rev. Charles Bur 
roughs, Rector of the Church in Portsmouth, (N. H ) Six 
persons have been admitted as candidates for holy orders. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Church in this State appears to be increasing in 
numbers, and in vital religion. Though frowned upon, in 
the removal of her venerable Bishop, by death, yet the 
Diocese continues regular in holding Conventions, and in a 
due attention to the Canons of the Church. The Clergy 
are zealous in the discharge of their duties. The vacancy 
of the episcopate it is believed will be filled, as soon as pro 
vision is made for its support. This desirable object is in a 
train favourable to its accomplishment, in the establishment 
of a permanent fund. Several new church edifices have been 
erected, since the last General Convention; there is also, an 
increased solicitude, on the part of the Laity, to provide 
means for the support of the Clergy, and to have the places 
for public worship kept in decent repair. 

The number of confirmations in the last two years of the 
Bishop's life was 464. 

During the year 1811, (since which there appear no re 
turns of ordination,) the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis was ordain 
ed Priest, and Frederick Holcombe, Stephen Jewett, and 
Orin Clark, Deacons. 

NEW YORK. 

The congregations in this Diocese, are very numerous and 
respectable, and supplied with the constant, or occasional 
services of stated Clergymen, or Missionaries. 

The Parochial Reports are regularly exhibited. In 1812, 
the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart visited thirty-seven Congre 
gations, in various parts of the State, and administered the 
rite of confirmation in twenty-one congregations to 500 
persons. 

In the year 1813, thirty-two congregations were visited, 
and the rite of confirmation administered in sixteen congre 
gations to 1100. 

Since the last General Convention, in May, 1811, and 



1814.]. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 413 

until the State convention in October, 1813, six persons, 
John Brady, John M'Vickar, David Huntington, Benjamin 
T. Onderdonk, Lewis P. Bayard, (of New Jersey,) and 
James Thompson, have been admitted to the holy order of 
Deacons; and thirteen Deacons, David Moore, Adam 
Empie, Ralph Williston, Wm. Berrian, Gilbert H. Sayres, 
Wm. A. Clark, John M'Vickar, Orin Clark, John Brady, 
Timothy Clowes, John Croes, (of N. J.) Wm. Powell, Isaac 
Jones, (of Connecticut,) Wm. E. Wyatt, and Stephen Jew- 
ett have been admitted to the holy order of Priests Sev 
eral persons have been admitted as candidates, for Deacon's 
orders. 

During the period above mentioned, the following institu 
tions have taken place : The Rev. Wm. Berrian, an assist 
ant minister of Trinity Church, of New York, the Rev. 
Joseph Perry, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Ballston Spa., 
and St. James' Church, Newton; the Rev. John Rewley, 
Rector of St. George's Church, New York; the Rev. John 
Brady, assistant minister of the same; the Rev. Ralph 
Williston, Rector of Zion Church, New York, and Timothy 
Clowes, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. During 
the same period, the Rev. Jonathan Judd, and the Rev. 
Reuben Hubbard, removed to the Diocese of Connecticut; 
the Rev. Adam Empie, to North Carolina, and the Rev. Dr. 
Abraham Beach, to New Jersey. 

The following Churches have been consecrated : St. 
James' Church, Hyde Park, Dutchess County; St. James' 
Church, Milton, Saratoga County; St. Peter's Church, 
Auburn, Cayuga County; St. Luke's Church, Richfield, 
Otsego County; St. James' Church, Goshen; Grace Church, 
Waterford; and Christ Church, Hampton. 

The following missionaries have also been employed in 
the part of the State, west of Albany, viz., the Rev. Samuel 
Fuller, the Rev. Wm. A. Clark, the Rev. Orin Clark, and 
the Rev. Davenport Phelps, lately deceased, who is justly 
regarded as the founder of the congregations, in the most 
western counties of the State, whom he attached, 'not 
merely to his personal ministrations, but to the doctrines, 
the order, and the liturgy of our Church. 

On the whole, there is every reason to believe, that in 
this Diocese, the Canons of the Church are faithfully ob- 



414 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814- 

served, and the clergy regular and zealous in their minis 
trations. And in consequence, under the Divine blessing, 
the congregations increase, not only in numbers, but in 
attachment to the principles of the Church, and in the 
spirit of Evangelical piety, as exhibited in her Articles and 
Liturgy. 

NEW JERSEY. 

From the journals and reports of the Convention in this 
State, it appears that the number of congregations, duly 
organized, is twenty-seven. Of this number, only seven 
enjoy the constant services of the ministry ; four or five 
others have their churches regularly, though but a part of 
the time, opened on Sundays, by Clergymen. To provide 
the remaining congregations, which are unable to maintain 
Clergymen for themselves, with the administration of the 
word and ordinances, a fund has been raised by the Conven 
tion, which is always in a state of gradual augmentation. 
There are in the Diocese six instituted Rectors ; the whole 
number of officiating ministers, is nine. 

An Episcopal Society has been recently established in 
the Diocese, principally in the northern part, for the purpose 
of gratuitously distributing Bibles, Prayer books, and re 
ligious Tracts, and if the funds admit of it, giving aid to 
young men designed for the ministry. 

The congregations, belonging to this Convention, appear 
to be, in general, strongly attached to the services and 
usages of the Church, and in the management of their af 
fairs, to be actuated by a strict and sincere regard to the 
Rubrics and Canons. Since the last General Convention, 
there has been an increased attention to the concerns of 
religion, and the Church, which has manifested itself, par 
ticularly in repairing and improving the places of public 
worship ; and it is believed, that the number of pious 
churchmen has been considerably enlarged. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

There is every reason to believe that there is an increased 
attention to the concerns of the Church in this State. The 
conventions have of late been well attended, and the Clergy 
have in a great measure been punctual in presenting their 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 415 

parochial reports ; from these reports it appears that the 
number of communicants, in the several congregations 
throughout the State, has been considerably augmented, par 
ticularly in those in the city of Philadelphia. It is highly 
gratifying to find, that since the last General Convention, 
exertions have been made for the establishment of an Epis 
copal Fund. A society has been formed for the advancement 
of Christianity, which at present promises extensive useful 
ness to the Church in this State. " Most of the vacant 
Churches," says the Bishop, in one of his addresses, " have 
been visited under the directions of this Society, and from 
the satisfaction given, we may hope that, under the Divine 
blessing, there will be an increasing usefulness of the insti 
tution." The venerable head of this Diocese, has been ena 
bled to visit, during the two last years, some of the country 
congregations ; the happy effects of these visits, are forcibly 
illustrated by the fact, that in 1811, he reported to the 
Convention that, during the past year, 61 persons had been 
confirmed ; in 1812, he reported that 306 had received tin's 
holy rite ; in 1813, he announced that, during the last year, 
the number amounted to 581. These circumstances are 
auspicious ; it is hoped they will be followed by a rapid 
increase of vital Godliness, among all the members of our 
Apostolic Church, it-' this quarter, and in general the Ru- 
brics are duly observed. Since the last General Conven 
tion, until the present time, five persons, Samuel Halbert 
Turner, Jackson Kemper, Charles Blair Snowden, (of South 
Carolina,) Richard D. Hall, and Jehu Curtis Clay, have 
been admitted to the holy order of Deacons ; and seven 
Deacons, Daniel Higbee, (of New Jersey,) John Barnwell 
Campbell, (of South Carolina,) Charles Blair Snowden, (of 
South Carolina,) William King, (of Virginia,) Samuel Hal 
bert Turner, (of Maryland,) Jackson Kemper, and Richard 
D. Hall, have been admitted to the holy order of Priests. 

DELAWARE. 

The condition of the Church in this State, is truly dis 
tressing, and the prospect gloomy. Of the eleven congrega 
tions in Delaware, two are supplied by the Rev. Mr. Clay, 
and one by the Rev. Mr. Davis, from Maryland ; it is, 
however, gratifying to learn, that there is an increasing 



416 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

anxiety manifested for obtaining Clergymen. Some of the 
vacant congregations have the service performed on Sundays, 
by Laymen. Where the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
has been administered, by visiting Clergymen, the commu 
nicants have been numerous. Could the Church in this 
State be supplied with zealous and pious ministers, there is 
every reason to believe that their labours would be crowned 
with success, in advancing the interests of the Church, and 
vital godliness. 

MARYLAND. 

The Church in Maryland, still continues in a state of de 
pression ; many parishes are without ministers, and a con 
siderable number of the chinches are in a decayed condition ; 
the Clergy are so ill provided for, that, except in Baltimore 
and Georgetown, their livings are quite insufficient for the 
support of their families, and of course they are obliged to 
resort to some other means. In these cities the Clergy are 
well supported, and the churches kept in good repair, and 
there appear to be evident symptoms of the increase of 
piety ; in some parts of the State, by the exertions of pious 
and zealous ministers, there seems to be a revival of religion, 
churches have been repaired, and some built ; the pre 
vailing vices have been checked, and greater attention to 
Divine worship has appeared ; besides there is an increasing 
disposition to relish the fine service of our Church, and to 
comply with her ordinances, so that if it should please God 
to raise up pious, enlightened, and zealous ministers, who 
would continue to labour in this part of our Divine Master's 
vineyard, the Church in Maryland might still be raised, and 
prove a nursery for good principles, enlightened devotion, 
and pure piety. As the charges and returns of the Bishop 
are but partially inserted on the journals of the Convention, 
and as no account of his proceedings during the last year 
has been received, it is impossible to state the number of 
churches consecrated, or Clergymen ordained, since the last 
General Convention. 

VIRGINIA. 

From a variety of canses, not necessary, and perhaps not 
proper .to detail here, the Church in this State has fallen 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 417 

into a deplorable condition ; in many places her ministers 
have thrown off their sacred profession; her Liturgy is either 
contemned or unknown, and her sanctuaries are desolate. 
It would rend any feeling heart, to see spacious temples, 
venerable even in their dilapidation and ruins, now the 
habitations of the wild beasts of the forest. 

But amidst this gloomy scene, a ray of light breaks in 
upon the prospect, cheering the hearts of the friends of the 
Church. Her members in Virginia have been taught, by a 
dreadful experience, the value of their peculiar institutions. 
They look back with regret, and sigh when they talk of for 
mer days, when they were wont to go with joy into the courts 
of Zion ; they are ready and desirous to return to that fold, 
from which they have wandered so long, as sheep having no 
shepherd ; they anxiously seek the restoration of their 
primitive and apostolical form of worship, and sound doc 
trine, and pray that ministers of zeal and piety may come 
and help them. Perhaps no place in the United States 
presents a more extensive field for the faithful labourer. 
Here are the best of materials, and here are the noblest 
inducements of duty, of honour, and reward. 

The dispositions of the people, and especially of some 
eminent Laymen, who have come forward with interest and 
zeal, afford pleasing pledges of those good fruits which their 
active exertions will not fail to produce. A magnificent 
Church has sprung up in Richmond, from the ashes of the 
theatre ; it has the patronage and support of men of the 
greatest talents, and highest rank in Virginia. They have 
chosen, as their pastor, the Rev R. C. Moore, D. D., who is 
now the Bishop of the Diocese, and under whose auspices 
there is reason to hope for the most favourable results. 

The corner stone of a large and respectable church has 
been laid in Fredericksburg, on the site of the old building, 
which has gone to decay. For Leesburgh also, they have 
obtained a subscription, adequate to the expense of erecting 
a respectable church ; and in the counties of Frederick and 
Spottsylvania, and perhaps in other places, from which re 
ports have not been received, the state of the Church is 
improving. In Alexandria, there are two large and respect 
able congregations. From the present excitement, which is 
manifest throughout the State, nothing more seems wanting, 



418 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

under the blessing of God, than faithful ministers, to realize 
the hopes which are entertained of the future prosperity of 
this important part of our Zion. Let all who wish her well, 
pray the Lord of the harvest, to send forth labourers into 
His harvest. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

There is cause of rejoicing to the friends of the Church in 
this Diocese. There is an evident revival of religion, and a 
visible growth in piety. From various causes, not necessary, 
and perhaps not expedient to state, the Church in this 
State had sunk very low ; but, through the blessing of the 
Almighty on the zealous exertions of the visible head of it, 
much has been done for its good, and more is to be confi 
dently expected. 

The various parishes are making exertions to provide for 
their ministers, and to re-establish Divine Service in the 
vacant churches. A resolution has also been entered into 
by the Clergy to supply the services and ordinances of the 
Church, as often as possible, to the vacant parishes. It 
appears from the Bishop's address, in 1812, that two new 
Episcopal congregations were collected and organized ; one 
at Columbia, the seat of government, and one at Camden ; 
and that, for the former, a Lay reader was-provided by the 
Protestant Episcopal Society for the advancement of Chris 
tianity in South Carolina. It appears also, from the same 
address, that Dr. Frederick Dalcho, of Charleston, had been 
received as a candidate for holy orders, and the Rev. Chris 
tian Hankie, formerly of Burlington, New Jersey, had been 
admitted to the order of Deacon. 

In the year 1813 14 Episcopal visitations were made, 
and 516 persons confirmed. Two candidates for holy orders, 
viz. Maurice Harvey Lance and Albert Muller, were re 
ceived, and Dr. Frederick Dalcho was admitted to the order 
of Deacons. The Parish of St. George Winyaw was de 
prived by death of its Rector, the Rev. Dr. Hailing. 

The state of the Church, in this Diocese, will appear 
from the following extract from the last address of the 
Bishop. "In the view," says he, "which I am required, by 
a useful Canon of the Church, to give you of the affaire of 
the Diocese, since the last meeting of the Convention, it 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 419 

will fall within the scope of the regulation, to congratulate 
you on the degree of concord and Christian fellowship with 
which our Churches are blessed. It is hardly possible, that 
in any society, composed of many parts, and all the parts 
of 'frail and fallible beings, there should exist such an entire 
unity of opinion and community of feelings, as to produce 
always a perfectly harmonious co-operation towards an ac 
complishment of the same ends ; as near an approach to this 
happy state, as is compatible with the condition and infirmi 
ties of man, is, through the good blessing of God, at present 
enjoyed by us, in this Diocese. In a degree, which is grati 
fying to me to remark, as it has doubtless been pleasing to 
you to notice, the Clergy of the Diocese are kindly affec- 
tioned, one to another, with brotherly love ; and their re 
spective parishes being knit together, and compacted by 
that which every joint supplieth, are, it is humbly hoped, 
making some increase of the body, to the edifying of itself 
in love. Thus far there is unity, and all will ever be con 
cerned for the interests and feelings of all, if we be actuated 
by the genuine spirit of the religion of Jesus Christ." 

It ought to be mentioned, that in South Carolina a 
Society has been instituted for the advancement of Chris 
tianity, which has met with great success, and been instru 
mental in establishing two Churches in a section ot the 
country where our worship was never before held. This 
Society, by distributing books, illustrative of the distinctive 
principles of our Church, and by assisting a young man 
of genius and piety, a candidate for the ministry, has done 
much to advance the interests of our religion, and of our 
excellent Church. 

It is also to be stated, that the Rubrics and Canon are 
here conscientiously and strictly observed. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in laying the 
preceding statement before the venerable House of Bishops, 
pray for themselves and the Church, their counsel, and the 
blessing of Almighty God. 

Signed, by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, 

JOHN CROES, PRESIDENT. 



420 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

May 21, 1814. 

The said report having been read and considered, was 
adopted, directed to be signed by the President, and sent to 
the House of Bishops, which things were accordingly done. 

A Message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a Canon adopted by them, entitled "A Canon 
concerning the alms and contributions, at the Holy Com 
munion," in which they requested the concurrence of this 
house. The said Canon was considered, concurred in by 
the house, and returned to the House of Bishops. 

A communication was received from the House of Bishops, 
on the subject of devising means, for supplying the congre 
gations of this Church, west of the Alleghany mountains; 
and respecting a correspondence with the venerable Society 
in England, for propagating the gospel in foreign parts, on 
the subject of certain lands, to which the Church has a 
claim, in the State of Vermont; which commuication was 
read, and returned to the House of Bishops, agreeably to 
their request, to be entered upon their journals. 

The Canon sent yesterday from the House of Bishops, 
altering and explaining the 29th Canon, concerning the 
election, and institution of ministers, was taken up for con 
sideration, concurred in, and sent back to that house. 

The proposition sent yesterday, from the House of 
Bishops, respecting the Book of Homilies, was taken up for 
consideration, concurred in, and returned to that house. 

A resolution was adopted, and sent to the House of 
Bishops, for their concurrence, respecting the preparation, 
and transmission of reports from the State Conventions to 
the General Convention. 

A Message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a proposition, submitted to them, for the publi 
cation of certain Anthems, with their determination there 
on; and also a general resolution adopted by them, with 
respect to the recommendation of proposed publications, 
which, after being read, were returned to the House of 
Bishops, with the respectful thanks of this house, for the 
judicious course adopted by them, in reference to these 
subjects. 

A resolution, respecting the posture of minister and peo 
ple, during the singing of the metre psalms and hymns, was 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 421 

received from the House of Bishops; which after having 
been read was postponed until Monday next. 

The Rev. Messrs. Stone, Eaton, and Morss, Mr. Harrison, 
and Dr. Onderdonk, asked and obtained leave of absence, 
during the remainder of the session. 

Adjourned. 



MONDAY, May 23, 1814. 

House attended Divine Service in St. James's Church. 
Divine Service was performed by the Rev. A. Baldwin, Sec 
retary of this house, and a sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. 
Croes, President of the same. 

After Divine Service, house met. 

The recommendation of the House of Bishops, relative 
to the posture of ministers and people, during the singing 
of the metre, psalms and hymns, was taken up for consider 
ation, approved of, and agreeably to request, returned to 
that house, to be entered on their journal. 

Mr. Gadsden's resolution, respecting a Theological Sem 
inary, was taken up for consideration, and after some 
debate, it was moved and seconded, to postpone the further 
consideration of the same. The votes being required, to be 
taken by States, the ayes and noes on the question of post 
ponement, were as follows : 

Massachusetts Clergy, No; Laity, . 

Connecticut Clergy, Aye; Laity, No. 

Rhode Island Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

New York Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

New Jersey Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

Pennsylvania Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

Delaware Clergy, No; Laity, . 

Maryland Clergy, Aye; Laity, divided. 

Virginia Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

South Carolina Clergy, No; Laity, 



And so the motion for postponement was negatived. 

The question on the resolution recurring, the vote thereon 
was required to be taken by States, and the ayes and the 
noes were as follow : 

Massachusetts Clergy, Aye; Laity, . 



422 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

Connecticut Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

Rhode Island Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

New York Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

New Jersey Clergy, No; Laity, Aye. 

Pennsylvania Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

Delaware Clergy, No; Laity, . 

Maryland Clergy, No; Laity, divided. 

Virginia Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

South Carolina Clergy, Aye; Laity, . 

And so the resolution was negatived. 

The House of Bishops communicated a written opinion, 
explanatory of the 9th and 40th Canons, which was con 
sidered, approved of, and returned to that house. 

The following resolution was proposed and adopted. 

Resolved, That a committee of two persons be appoint 
ed to confer with the House of Bishops, on the expediency 
of securing to the General Convention, the right of the 
Book of Common Prayer, and to report to the house. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilmer, and the Rev. Doctor How, were 
appointed a committee, on the part of this house, for the 
purpose expressed in the foregoing resolution. 

Mr. Warren asked, and obtained leave of absence. 

The following resolution was proposed and adopted. 

Whereas, the mode heretofore adopted, for making known 
the Constitution and Canons of the Church, has fallen short 
of that desirable end, and in order that the interest of the 
Church may be advanced by a more general knowledge of 
the said Constitution and Canons, and also that the pro 
ceedings of the General Convention may be promulgated, 
to the members of the Church at large; Resolved that it be 
recommended to the ecclesiastical authorities in the several 
Dioceses, to cause the same to be made known in the con 
gregations respectively within their bounds, by such meas 
ures as may be deemed expedient, and accommodated to 
local circumstances. 

The said resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, for 
their concurrence, and was concurred in by them. 

On motion, Resolved, that the thanks of this Convention 
be presented to the Bishops, who have preached before the 
Convention, during the present Session, and that they be 
requested to furnish copies of their sermons, for publication. 



1814.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 423 

The said resolution was sent to the House of Bishops, for 
their concurrence, and the said House concurred in the 
same, with an amendment, inserting the words "and the 
President of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies," 
which amendment was agreed to by this house. Dr. Kemp 
and Mr. Herbert were appointed on the part of this house, 
to carry the same into effect. 

The committee appointed to confer with the House of 
Bishops, upon the expediency of securing to the General 
Convention, a copy right of the Book of Common Prayer, 
reported that they had performed that duty; that the 
House of Bishops return for answer, that they will appoint 
a committee to confer with the committee of this house, and 
report at a convenient season. 

Mr. Wilmer's resolution, as to the place of meeting of 
the next General Convention was taken up, and the blank 
left therein filled with the word " New York." 

The vote having been required to be taken by States, the 
ayes and noes thereon, were as follow : 

Vermont Clergy, No; Laity, 



Massachusetts Clergy, Aye; Laity, . 

Connecticut Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

Rhode Island Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

New York Clergy, Aye; Laity, Aye. 

Pennsylvania Clergy, Aye; Laity, No. 

Delaware Clergy, No; Laity, . 

Maryland Clergy, No; Laity, No. 

Virginia Clergy, No; Laity, . 

South Carolina Clergy, No; Laity, .. 

The House of Bishops informed this house, that they 
had appointed the Right Rev. Bishops White and Hobarf, 
a committee on their part, on the subject of a copy right, 
for the book of Common Prayer. 

The following Message was received from the House of 
Bishops, together with a pastoral letter, prepared by said 
house. 

The House of Bishops, having examined and considered 
the report of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, pre 
sented agreeably to the. provisions of the 45th Canon, trans 
mit to them agreeably to the same Canon, a pastoral letter, 
founded on the report. The House of Bishops, reciprocat- 



424 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

ing the affectionate sentiments of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, accompanying their report, request their 
aid in all proper measures of the Episcopacy, for the ex 
tending of the influence of religion, and the increase of the 
Church; imploring the Divine blessing on them individually, 
and on the Churches which they respectively represent. 

The resolution sent to the House of Bishops, on the sub 
ject of the preparation, and transmission of report*, from 
each State Convention, on the state of the Church, was 
returned with an amendment, in which this houst.' concurred. 
The resolution, as amended and finally agreed to, is as fol 
lows : 

Resolved, That it be recommended, that the ecclesiastical 
authority of the Church in every State or diocese, prepare 
a report on the state of the Church, in their State or dio 
cese, previously to the meeting of every General Conven 
tion, for the purpose of aiding the Committee on the State 
of the Church, appointed by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, in drafting their report. 

The committee appointed on the part of this house, to 
return the thanks of the convention to the Bishops, and 
the President of this house, for the sermons preached by 
them respectively, and to request copies for publication, 
reported, that they had performed that service, and that 
the Reverend gentlemen would comply with the request of 
the convention. 

Adjourned. 



TUESDAY, May 24, 1814. 

The house attended Divine Service in St. James's Church, 
which was performed by the Rev. W. A. Wilmer. 

After Divine Service, house met. 

The pastoral letter of the House of Bishops, transmitted 
to this house yesterday, was read, and then returned to the 
House of Bishops. 

The joint committee of the two houses, on the question 
of P copy right for the book of Common Prayer, report as 
follows. That they. are informed on credible authority, that 
the same object was contemplated in the year 1789, on the 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 425 

editing of the book, as it is now established by the authority 
of this Church, but was relinquished, in consequence of 
perceiving that complaints were likely to arise from the ap 
prehension that the price would be thereby enhanced. The 
objection was, that an appropriation of the proceeds, to a pur 
pose both religious and charitable, would not reconcile the 
members of this Church to a tax, which, it was alledged 
was thus imposed; the book being of a character which it 
was a duty to possess. Whether the objection may not be 
guarded against by a contract, in which the prices of books 
should be fixed agreeably to their different sizes; and 
whether in this case, there ought to be regarded the com 
plaints, which would still be made of an alledged unreason 
ableness of price, the committee submit to the considera 
tion of the Convention. The committee are not sufficiently 
informed of the operation of law, on the present subject, so 
as to judge of the practicability of the measure proposed; 
nor have they had either time, or the authority of the con 
vention, to take advice thereon, but, they propose that 
law advice should be taken, before further progress. Fur 
ther, it has not occurred to the committee, how the copy 
ris;ht may be so contrived, as to be made consistent with 
the 8th article of the Ecclesiastical Constitution. That some 
alteration must be made in the present book, to bring it 
under the exclusive claim of a copy right, is evident. If 
the alteration should affect the book, as described by its 
known name, the difficulty here noticed must present itself. 
But if the alteration should be made in any of the instru 
ments of this Church, which are usually bound up with the 
Book of Common Prayer, it would seem that the latter 
might be still published, without legal interference. On 
the ground of the premises, the joint committee propose to 
the two houses as follows : 

Resolved, That it be referred to the Bishops to consider 
of the propriety of granting a copy-right in the Book of 
Common Prayer; to inquire in their respective dioceses, 
and elsewhere, as circumstances may permit, whether the 
said measure can be adopted, consistently with law, and the 
approbation of the Conventions in the different dioceses, 
and to report to the next General Convention. 

The foregoing report having been adopted in the House 



426 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

of Bishops, on motion, this house concurred in the adoption 
of the same. 

The following resolution was proposed and adopted. 

Resolved, That this Convention contemplate with much 
pleasure the rise and progress of institutions for the ad 
vancement of Christianity, in several of the dioceses in the 
United States, and that they recommend such institutions 
to the patronage of all the friends of our Church. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops com 
municating a resolution which originated in, and had been 
adopted by that house, on the subject of a Theological Sem 
inary; in which this house concurred. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilmer, and Mr. Maguire asked for and 
obtained leave of absence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops com 
municating a Canon which had passsd that house, entitled 
"A Canon repealing a part of the 45th Canon of 1808," 
which was concurred in by this house. 

A resolution was received from the House of Bishops for 
the addition of a second appendix to the volume of Jour 
nals proposed to be reprinted; said second appendix, to 
contain the pastoral letters of the House of Bishops for the 
two last and the present Conventions, which resolution was 
concurred in by this house. 

On motion, Reolved, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the President, Secretary and assistant Secre 
tary, for the services rendered by them respectively during 
the present session. 

On motion, Resolved, That the House of Bishops be 
requested to appoint one of their own order to preach a 
sermon at the opening of the next General Convention. 

The foregoing resolution having been communicated to 
the House of Bishops, a message was returned from that 
house, informing of their concurrence in the same, and stat 
ing their hope, that it may be consistent with the state of 
health of their brother the Right Reverend Bishop Clagget 
to be present and to pre.ach; and in case of his absence their 
resolution that the next Bishop in seniority, who may n >t 
already have preached at the opening of a convention, bo 
requested to perform the duty. 

The Rev. Doctor Abercrombie, Mr. M'Euen, and Mr. 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 427 

Milnor the assistant Secretary, were appointed a committee 
to superintend the publication of the Journal of the pro 
ceedings of this house at the present Convention. 

In pursuance of a request from this house, the Eight 
Reverend members of the House of Bishops attended in 
the same, for the purpose of closing the Session of the Con 
vention by solemn prayer, which was performed by the 
Eight Eeverend Doctor White, presiding Bishop : after 
which 

Adjourned sine die. 



JOURNAL 



OP THE 



Ij[onsF of P 




CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, Tuesday, May 17th, 1814. 

IT 5 tf being the day appointed by the Constitution 
Ml f the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
^United States of America, for the meeting of the 
General Convention of said Church ; and agreeably 
to a resolve of the last General Convention of the Church 
in the city of N ew Haven, the city of Philadelphia being 
appointed the place of meeting, the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, of Pennsylvania, the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart 
of New York, the Right Rev. Bishop Griswold, of the 
Eastern Diocese, and the Right Rev. Bishop Dehon, of 
South Carolina, met in the vestry-room of St. James's 
Church at 12 o'clock in the aforesaid city. It appeared that 
Bishop Clagget, who was to have opened the Convention 
with a sermon, was prevented from attending by indis 
position. 

The House, having chosen the Rev. Jackson Kemper to 
act as Secretary, adjourned to meet at 5 o'clock, P. M. 

5 o'clock, P. M. 

Met according to adjournment. 

The House received a communication from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Mr. Kemp, inform 
ing them that they were organized, and ready to proceed to 
business. Dr. Kemp was desired to inform the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, that the House of Bishops was 
also ready. 

The House adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

428 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 429 

WEDNESDAY, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Met according to adjournment. Present as yesterday. 

This House received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies the testimonials required by the Canons, from the 
Convention of the Church in Virginia, and from the said 
House, in favour of the Eev. Kichard Channing Moore, 
D. D., as Bishop elect for the diocese of Virginia ; where 
upon this House approved the said testimonials and resolved 
to proceed to the consecration. 

At 10 o'clock the House attended Divine Service. Morn 
ing prayers were read by the Rev. Dr. How, and a sermon, 
on the occasion of the opening of the Convention, was 
preached by Bishop Hobart ; after which, the Rev. Dr. 
Moore was consecrated Bishop ; the Right Rev. Bishop 
White, as presiding Bishop, performing the office of conse 
cration, assisted by the Bishops present. 

Divine Service being ended, the House returned to the 
vestry-room, when the Right Rev. Bishop Moore took his 
seat in the House. 

A message was received, by the Rev. Dr. Wharton, from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, informing, that 
a resolution had passed that House, " that the thanks of 
the Convention be presented to the Right Rev. Bishop Ho 
bart, for his sermon preached before them this morning, 
and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publication." 

This House concurred in the said resolution, and the 
Right Rev. Bishop Hobart consented to comply with their 
request. 

The following resolution was proposed : That the Jour 
nals of the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, from the com 
mencement of the paid Conventions, together with an ap 
pendix, containing the Constitution and the Canons of the 
Church, be published under the superintendence of the 
Bishop of this Church in Pennsylvania; provided a number 
be engaged for, sufficient for the encouragement of a book 
seller. If the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies should 
concur in this resolve, the design will be forwarded by a 
knowledge of the number of copies which could be engaged 
for in the respective States. 

The above resolution was adopted, and ordered to be sent 



430 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for their con 
currence. 

On motion, The House agreed to attend Divine Service 
every morning in the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 



THURSDAY MORNING, May 19th, 1814. 

The House met after having attended Divine Service, in 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. Present, Bishop 
White, Bishop Hobart, Bishop Griswold, Bishop Dehon, 
Bishop Moore. 

The House received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, by Joshua Wallace, Esq., a resolution relative to 
the administering of the Lord's Supper at the opening of 
the General Convention ; in which resolution, the House 
of Bishops concurred. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies by their Secretary, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, 
informing this House that they agreed with them in the 
resolution concerning the publishing of the Journals of the 
General Conventions. 

Adjourned to meet to-morrow at 10, A. M. 



FRIDAY MORNING, May 20th, 1814. 

The following declaration was proposed and agreed to. 

It having come to the knowledge of this House, that 
some doubts have arisen in certain districts, in reference to 
the sense of some of the provisions of the 19th Canon; they 
hold it expedient to make the following declaration, to re 
cord it on their minutes, and to communicate it to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

So far as concerns regulations, in reference to the place 
of officiating, and to ministerial dress, the Bishops suppose 
that the prohibitions of the Canon, were grounded merely 
on the propriety of guarding against popular mistakes ; 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 431 

which, might otherwise, rank among the number of the cler 
gy a person not ordained. Accordingly they conceive, that 
the design of the Canon reaches every circumstance of po 
sition and of dress, which the custom of the Church and the 
habits of social life may render liable to misconception in 
the premises. On this ground, the House of Bishops con 
sider it as contrary to the design of the Canon for candi 
dates to read sermons from the places usually considered as 
appropriated to ordained ministers, or to appear in bands, 
or gowns, or surplices. 

The Secretary communicated the above declaration to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The following declaration was proposed and agreed to : 

It having been credibly stated to the House of Bishops, 
that on questions, in reference to property devised before 
the revolution to congregations belonging to " the Church 
of England," arid to uses connected with that name, some 
doubts have been entertained in regard to the imlentity of 
the body to which the two names have been applied, the 
House think it expedient to make the declaration, and to 
request the concurrence of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies therein that " The Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America" is the same body hereto 
fore known in these States, by the name of " The Church 
of England ;" the change of name, although not of religious 
principle in doctrine, or in worship, or in discipline, being 
induced by a characteristic of the Church of England, sup 
posing the independence of the Christian Churches, under 
the different sovereignties, to which, respectively, their al 
legiance in civil concerns belongs. But that when the sev 
erance alluded to took place, and ever since, this Church 
conceives of herself, as professing and acting on the princi 
ples of the Church of England, is evident from the organiza 
tion of our Conventions, and from their subsequent proceed 
ings, as recorded on the Journals ; to which, accordingly, 
this Convention refer for satisfaction in the premises. But 
it would be contrary to fact, were any one to infer, that the 
discipline exercised in this Church, or that any proceedings 
therein, are at all dependent on the will of the civil or of 
the ecclesiastical authority of any foreign country. 

The above declaration having been communicated to the 



432 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, they returned for an 
swer that they concurred therein. 

A Canon, altering and explaining the 29th Canon, con 
cerning the election and institution of ministers, was pro 
posed and agreed to, and sent to the other House for their 
concurrence. 

The following Resolution, concerning the Book of Homil 
ies, was proposed and adopted, and sent to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Dej Duties for their concurrence. 

The House of Bishops, taking into consideration, that 
the two Books of Homilies are referred to in the 35th Arti 
cle of this Church, as containing a body of sound Christian 
doctrine ; and knowing, by their respective experience, the 
scarcity of the volume, rendering it difficult for some candi 
dates in the ministry to possess opportunities of studying 
its contents, propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties, to make it a standing instruction to every Bishop, and 
to the Ecclesiastical authority in every State destitute of a 
Bishop, to be furnished (as soon as may be) with a copy or 
copies of said work, and to require it to be studied by all 
candidates for the ministry within their respective bounds : 
under the expectation, that when offering for ordination, the 
knowledge ot its contents will be indispensably required. 

A Canon, concerning the alms and contributions at the 
Holy Communion, was proposed and adopted. 

Adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 



SATURDAY MORNING, May 21st, 1814. 

The Canon, concerning the alms and contributions at the 
Holy Communion, was taken to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Secretary, for their concurrence. 

A communication was made to this House by the Presi 
dent, respecting two matters committed to him by the last 
triennial Convention. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That information of the same be 
transmitted to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; to 
be returned to this House and entered on their Journal. 
The communication is as follows : 

The President requests the attention of the House, to 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 433 

those passages in the Journal of 1811, where it appears, 
that there were laid on him two acts of duty, which conse 
quent circumstances have prevented from being carried into 
effect. 

The President, and the Bishop of this Church in Virginia, 
were requested " to devise means for supplying the congre 
gations of this Church, west of the Alleghany mountains, 
with the ministration and worship of the same, and for or 
ganizing the Church in the Western States." In conse 
quence of this request, the President had hegun a correspon 
dence with Bishop Madison ; but all further progress was 
arrested by the decease of the, said Right Rev. Brother. 
This did not hinder the President from submitting to the 
Convention of this Church, in Pennsylvania, a proposal 
which was complied with, designed so far to meet the de 
sires of some members of this Church, in the Western Coun 
try, as that in the event of the settlement of a Bishop 
therein, the congregations in the Western counties of the 
State might be under his superintendence ; on such a plan 
as would not affect the integrity of the Church, in the State 
of Pennsylvania, as a component member of the body of 
this Church throughout our union, in contrariety to the 
constitution. 

The President was further requested to address a letter 
in behalf of the Convention to the venerable Society in 
England for propagating the Gospel in foreign parts, in 
reference to certain lands held by them in the State of Ver 
mont, and intended in the original grant for the benefit of 
the Episcopal Church therein. It was necessary to the 
execution of this commission, that the President should 
have been furnished with certain documents. These were 
delayed by some circumstances not under his control, until 
the occurrence of the present war ; which rendered a cor 
respondence in the premises improper. 

The above information was carried to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, by the Secretary. 

The following recommendation was proposed and adopted. 

The House of Bishops propose to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies the following recommendation, to be 
considered of by the House, and if agreeable, to be returned 
to this House and entered on their Journal. 



434 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

Whereas, a diversity of custom has of late years prevailed 
in the posture of ministers and of the people, during the act 
of singing the psalms and the hymns yi metre ; the former 
practice of sitting during this part of the service gradually 
giving way to the more comely posture of standing ; it is 
hereby recommended by this Convention, that it be con 
sidered as the duty of the ministers of this Church, to 
encourage the use of the latter posture, and to induce the 
members of their congregations, as circumstances may per 
mit, to do the same; allowance to be made for cases in 
which it may be considered inconvenient by age, or by in 
firmity. Practice under this recommendation is to begin 
from the time when suitable information shall have been 
given by the Clergy to their respective flocks. And it shall 
be the duty of every minister to give notice of this recom 
mendation to his congregation at such time as in his discre 
tion may be the most proper. 

The carrying into effect of the contemplated change, may 
he delayed by the Bishop of any Diocese, or, where there is 
no Bishop, by the Ecclesiastical Authority therein, until 
there shall have been time and opportunity of explaining 
satisfactorily the grounds of the measure. 

This recommendation was taken by the Secretary to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The following proposition was submitted and agreed to, 
and communicated to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. 

The House of Bishops communicate to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, the following resolve, and the 
following rule of the House of Bishops 3 to be entered on 
their Journal after being returned by the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

There was laid before the House an address from the 
Rev. Dr. Wm. Smith, of Connecticut, together with sundry 
anthems selected from Holy Scripture, and adapted to 
certain Fasts and Feasts of the Church. The object of the 
address is to induce the establishment of the said anthems, 
as parts of the Liturgy. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That it is not expedient, during 
this Convention, to go into a review, either in whole or in 
part, of the Book of Common Prayer. It could not, how- 



1814.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 435 

ever, but give satisfaction to the Bishops to recollect, that 
anthems taken from Scripture, and judiciously arranged, 
may, according to the known allowance of this Church, be 
sung in congregations at the discretion of their respective 
ministers. On this occasion, a question arose, how far it 
may be proper at any meeting of the Convention, to give 
their sanction, or that of this House in particular, to any 
work, however tending to religious instruction, or to the 
excitement of pious affections. In reference to this subject, 
it is the unanimous opinion of the Bishops present, that no 
such sanction should be given. And it is hereby made a 
rule of the House, that if any application should be made, 
tending to such effect, it shall not be considered as regularly 
brought before them. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating their concurrence in the 
Canon concerning the alms and contributions at the Holy 
Communion. ^ 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing, that they agreed to the Canon 
concerning the election and institution of ministers, and to 
the resolution concerning the Book of Homilies. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned to the 
House of Bishops their communication concerning anthems, 
with the thanks of said House for the course adopted by 
the House of Bishops. They likewise returned the commu 
nication respecting a Bishop for the Western Country, and 
the correspondence which the President of this House was 
requested to hold with the venerable Society in England for 
propagating the Gospel in foreign parts, relative to lands in 
Vermont. 

A resolve was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, concerning the appointment of a committee 
in each Diocese, to prepare a report on the state of the 
Church in that State or Diocese, previous to the meetings 
of the General Convention. 

The above resolution was ordered to lie on the table. 

A report on the state of the Church, signed by the Presi 
dent of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, agreeably 
to the 45th Canon, was received from said house. 

Adjourned to meet at 9 o'clock Monday morning. 



436 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

MONDAY MORNING, May 23d, 1814. 

Present as usual. 

The Resolution of the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties concerning the preparation of a report on the state of 
the Church, was agreed to with an amendment, which was 
sent to said house for their concurrence. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies returned the 
recommendation concerning posture during the singing of 
the metre psalms, with their concurrence. 

The following message was sent to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The House of Bishops transmit to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies the following opinions, the result of at 
tention to an application of the Clerical deputies from Con 
necticut. It approved of, it will be entered on the Journal 
of the former House. 

The Clerical Deputies from the diocese of Connecticut, 
by direction of the Convention of the same, requested the 
opinions of the Bishops present, on the meaning of two 
passages of the Canons : 1st, Of this phrase in the 9th 
Canon " In consideration of certain other qualifications of 
the candidates ;" and 2ndly, Of this phrase in the 40th 
Canon " or by some other joint act of the parties, and of 
a minister of this Church." 

In explanation of the former phrase, the Bishops are of 
opinion, that if a candidate should possess extraordinary 
strength of natural understanding, a considerable extent of 
theological erudition, although not derived through the 
medium of the original languages of Scripture, a peculiar 
aptitude to preach, and a large share of prudence ; those 
qualifications may be a ground of the dispensation here 
referred to. 

In reference to the phrase in the 40th Canon, it would 
perhaps be difficult to define the various ways in which the 
consent spoken of may be satisfactorily evidenced. But the 
Bishops are of opinion, that any person duly baptized in 
any religious society extraneous to this communion, joining 
himself to any congregation of this communion, and possess 
ing an interest in its concerns, in consequence of express or 
implied permission, may be properly entered by the minis 
ter, on the list of the names of persons under his parochial 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 437 

care. But the Bishops do not consider themselves as now 
called on to consider, whether it may not be expedient to 
make provision for a more definite mode, for the receiving 
into this Church of persons not baptized within its pale, 
but joining it on conviction and with fair characters. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by their Secretary, signifying the concurrence 
of that House with the proposed amendment to the resolu 
tion concerning the preparation of a report on the state of 
the Church ; and their approbation of the opinions with 
respect to the 9th and 40th Canons. 

A message was received from the Honse of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, requesting the concurrence of this House in 
a resolution respecting the securing of a copyright of the 
Book of Common Prayer. 

This House appointed Bishops White and Hobart a com 
mittee to consult with the Rev. Dr. How, and the Rev. Mr. 
Wm. Wilmer, a committee of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, upon the above-mentioned subject. 

The report on the state of the Church transmitted to this 
House by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, was read 
by the Secretary. 

A pastoral letter was proposed and adopted, and sent to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, requesting the concurrence of this House in 
a resolution concerning the making better known the Con 
stitution, Canons, &c. of the Church. 

Dr. Kemp and Mr. Herbert were the bearers of a resolve 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, concerning 
the publication of the sermons delivered by the Bishops 
before the Convention, which resolve, after being so amend 
ed by the House of Bishops as to include the sermon 
preached by the President of the House of Clerical and. 
Lay Deputies, was agreed to by this house. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurred in the 
amendment. 

Adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. 



438 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

TUESDAY MORNING, May 24th, 1814. 

This house attended Divine Service as usual in the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The joint committee of the two houses on securing the 
copyright of the Book of Common Prayer, reported ; which 
report was adopted by both houses. 

Resolved, That to the volume of Journals already di 
rected to be reprinted, there be added a second appendix 
containing the two pastoral letters read in the last two pre 
ceding Conventions, and the pastoral letters read in this 
Convention. 

This resolution was taken to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and returned with their concurrence. 

Resolved, That it be referred to the Bishops; and, in 
those Dioceses in which there are no Bishops, to the Stand 
ing Committees therein, to inquire in the respective Dio 
ceses or States, and to consider for themselves, concerning 
the expediency of establishing a Theological Seminary, to 
be conducted under the general authority of this Church; 
and to report to the next General Convention. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurred in the 
above resolution. 

The resolution concerning the making known the Consti 
tution, Canons, &c. was considered, agreed to, and sent 
back to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, a resolution respecting institutions for the ad 
vancement of Christianity, in which they concurred. 

This house agreed with the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, in appointing the next General Convention to be 
held at New York. 

Information having been received from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, that they had appointed a com 
mittee of their house to superintend the publication of the 
Journal, &c. Bishop White was requested to act as a com 
mittee on the part of this house. N 

This house received from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies a resolve, requesting the House of Bishops to 
appoint one of their own order to preach a sermon at the 
opening of the next General Convention. 

A Canon, repealing part of the 45th Canon of 1808, was 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 439 

adopted and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, in which they concurred. 

This House returned for answer to the resolve of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, requesting the House 
of Bishops to appoint one of their own order to preach a 
sermon at the opening of the next General Convention. 

"The Bishops concur in the above resolve; hoping that it 
may be consistent with the state of health of their brother 
the Right Rev. Bishop Clagget to be present, and to preach; 
and in the case of his absence, resolving, that the next 
Bishop in seniority, who may not already have preached 
at the opening of a Convention, be requested to perform 
the duty." 

The House of Bishops being ready to adjourn, and hav 
ing received information from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies that they were also ready, the business ot the 
Convention was concluded with solemn prayer by the pre 
siding Bishop. 

Signed, by order of the House of Bishops, 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested: JACKSON KEMPER, Secretary. 



440 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 



(Jfinons. 



CANON Concerning the alms and contributions at the 
Holy Communion. 

Whereas, it appears, that no direction has been made, as to the mode in 
which the alms and contributions at the administration of the Holy Com 
munion are to be applied, it is hereby declared, that they shall be depos 
ited with the minister of the parish, or with such Church officer as shall 
be appointed by him, to be applied by the minister or under his superin 
tendence, to such pious and charitable uses as shall be thought fit. 
HOUSE OF BISHOPS ADOPTED May 20th, 1814. 

JACKSON KEMPER, SECEETABT. 

ADOPTED IN HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES, May 21st, 1814. 

ASHBEL BALDWIN, SECRETARY. 

CANON Altering and explaining the 29th Canon, concern 
ing the election and institution of ministers. 

So much of the 29th Canon of 1808, as requires the institution of an 
assistant minister in order to his being considered as a regularly admitted 
and settled parochial minister in any Dipcese or State, and his having a 
voice in the choice of a Bishop, in consequence of his not having been 
instituted, and as excludes a Deacon from a seat and vote in any * onven- 
tion where he is not excluded by the constitution and Canons of the 
Church in any Diocese, is hereby repealed. It is also declared, in explana 
tion of the said Canon, that the provision concerning the use of the office 
of institution, is not to be considered as applying to any congregation 
destitute of a house of worship. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS, ADOPTED May 20th 1814. 

JACKSON KEMPER, SECRETARY. 

ADOPTED IN HOUSE OF CLEEICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES, May 21st, 1814. 

ASHBEL BALDWIN, SECRETARY. 

CANON Kepealing part of the 45th Canon of 1808. 

That part of the 45th Canon of 1808 which requires that the parochial 
reports inserted on the Journals of each State or Diocesan Convention, 
shall be read in the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies in General Con 
vention, is hereby repealed. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS, ADOPTED May 24th, 1814. 

JACKSON KEMPER, SECRETARY. 

ADOPTED IN HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES, May 24th, 1814. 

ASHBEL BALDWIN, SECRETARY. 



ist of fljp 




OF THE 



'PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, 

and Vermont. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, Bishop. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rector of St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 

The Rev. John H. Fowle, Rector of Church, Holderness. 

The Rev. Daniel Barber, Rector of Union Church, Claremont. 
The Rev. Mr. Catlin, officiates at Plainfield. 
The Rev. Samuel Mead. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. John Sylvester J. Gardiner, Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Asa Eaton, Rector of Christ Church, Boston, of St. Mary's, New 
ton, and of Christ Church, Cambridge. 

The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Deacon, officiates at Marblehead. 

The Rev. William Montague, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. 

The Rev. James Morss, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 

The Rev. Amos Purdy, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough. 

The Rev. Samuel Griswold, Rector of St. James's Church, Great Barring- 
ton, and the Church at Lenox. 

The Rev. Joel G. Cooper, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, and 
officiates also at Marshfield, and Quincy. 

The Rev. Aaron Humphrey, Deacon, officiates in St. Ann's Church, Gardi 
ner. 

The Rev. Titus Strong, Deacon, officiates at Greenfield. 

441 



442 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

RHODE-ISLAND. 

The Right Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, D.D., Rector of St. Michael's 

Church, Bristol. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, Rector of St. John's Church, Providence. 
The Kev. Salmon Wheaton, Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 
The Rev. James Bowers, officiates in Narragansett. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Manchester and Arlington. 
CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Richard Mansfield, D.D., Rector of Christ Church, Derby, and 

the Church in Great Hill. 

The Rev. John Tyler, Rector of Christ Church, Norwich. 
The Rev. Daniel Fogg, Rector of the Church, Pomfret. 
The Rev. Philo Shelton, Rector of Trinity Church, Fairfield, St. John's, 

Stratfield, and the Church in Weston. 
The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Stratford, and Trinity 

Church, Trumhull. 
The Rev. Tillotson Brownson, D.D., Principal of the Episcopal Academy, 

Cheshire. 

The Rev. William Smith, D.D., residing at Norwalk. 
The Rev. Chauncy Prindle, Rector of the Churches of Oxford and Salem. 
The Rev. Reuben Ives, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Cheshire, and officiat 
ing in the Churches in Hamden, Wallingsford, Southington and 

Meriden. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 
The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 
The Rev. Solomon Blakesly, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, East Haddam. 
The Rev. Charles Seabury, Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 
The Rev. Smith Miles, Rector of the Churches of Chatham and Glasten- 

bury. 

The Rev. Philander Chase, Rector of Trinity Church, Hartford. 
The Rev. Menzies Rayner, Rector of the Churches in Huntington. 
The Rev. Calvin White, Assistant Minister of the Church in Derby. 
The Rev. Bethel Judd, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk, and the 

Church at Wilton. 
The Rev. Henry Whitlock, Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven, and St. 

Matthew's, Bristol. 

The RPV. Roger Searle, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Plymouth. 
The Rev. Virgil H. Barber, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury. 
The Rev. Asa Cornwall. Assistant in the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 
The Rev. Jonathan Judd, minister of the Churches in Stamford and 

Horsneck. 
The Rev. Elijah G. Plnmb. Minister of the Churches in Branford, East 

Haven, North Branford and Northford. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benham, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford, 

and the Churches of Bridgewater and Brookfield. 
The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of the Churches of Guilford, North 

Guilfbrd and North Bristol. 
The Rev. Joseph D. Wilton, Minister of the Churches in Woodbury, 

Roxbury and Kent 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 443 

The Rev. Isaac Jones, Assistant Minister in the Churches, Litchfield. 
Ti'ie Rev. Sturges Gilbert, Minister in the Churches of Kent and Sharon. 
Thi-; Rev. Nathaniel Huss, Minister of the Church at East Windsor. 
The Rev. Frederick Holcomb, Minister of the Churches in Harwingtou 

and Northfield. 
The Rev. Birdsley G. Nobles, Deacon, officiating at Christ Church, Mid- 

dletown. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Burgis, residing at Milford. 
The Rev. Jasper D. Jones, residing at Simsbury. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D. D. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin Moore, D. D., Bishop and Rector of Trinity 
Church, New York. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D , Assistant Bishop, and assist 
ant Rector of Trinity Church, New York. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, Rensselaer 
County, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga County. 

The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, Rector of Trinity Church, (Jtica, Oneida 
County. 

The Rev. Virgil H. Barber, principal of the academy, and minister of 
Trinity Church, Fairfield, Herkimer County. 

The Rev. Theodosius Barlow, Rector of Trinity Church, New Rochelle, 
Westchester County. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, Principal of the Protestant Episcopal Acad 
emy, New York ; and officiating at St. Matthew's Church, City of 
Jersey. 

The Rev. William Berrian, an Assiitant Minister of Trinity Church, New 
York. 

The Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Professor of Rhetoric and moral Philosophy, 
in Columbia College, New York. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D.D., Rector of Grace Church, New York. 

The Rev. John Brady, Assistant Minister of St. George's Church, New 
York. 

The Rev. David Butler, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Troy, Rensselaer 
County. 

The Rev. Barzillai Bulkley, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 
Long Island. 

The Rev. William A. Clark, Missionary, Onondaga County, and parts 
adjacent. 

The Rev. Orin Clark, Trinity Church, Geneva, Ontario County. 

The Rev. Timothy Clowes, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. 

The Rev. Elias Cooper, Rector of St. John's Church, Yonkers, Westches 
ter County. 

The Rev. Harry Croswell, Deacon, Christ Church, Columbia County. 

The Rev. Adam Empie, West Point. 

The Rev. Henry J. Feitus, Rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, Long 
Island. 

The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Missionary, Albany and Green Counties. 

The Rev. N. Feltch, residing in West Chester County. 

The Rev. William Hammel, residing in New York. 

The Rev. William Harris, D.D., Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York, 
and President of Columbia College, New York. 



444 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

The Rev. William Hart, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, and 

Christ Church, North Hempstead, Long Island. 
The Rev. Samuel Haskill, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, Westchester 

County. 
The Rev. Thomas Y. How, D.D., an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, 

New York. 

The Rev. David Huntington, Deacon, St. Paul's Church, Charlton, Sara 
toga County. 
The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, St Michael's Church, Bloomingdale, and St. 

James', Hamilton Square, New York. 

The Rev. Stephen Jewett, Christ Church, Hampton, Washington County. 
The Rev. Cave Jones, residing in the City of New York. 
The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson, Deacon, Grace Church, New York. 
The Rev. John Kewley, Rector of St. George's Church, New York. 
The Rev. William B. Lacey, Deacon, St. Paul's Church, Paris, Oneida 

County. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, Rector of Christ Church, New York. 
The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, St. Peter's Church, Auburn, ( 'ayuga County. 
The Rev. John M'Vickar, St. James' Church, Hyde Park, Dutchess County. 
The Rev. David Moore, St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island. 
The Rev. Henry Moscrop, residing in New York. 
The Rev. Daniel Nash, Rector of the Churches in Otsego County. 
The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, Deacon, an Assistant Minister of Trin 
ity Church, New York. 
The Rev. Joseph Perry, Rector of St. James" Church, Milton, and Christ 

Church, Ballston, Saratoga County. 
The Rev. Joseph Prentice, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, Green 

County. 
The Rev. William Powel, St. Andrew's Church, Coldenham, and St. 

James' Church, Goshen, Orange County. 
The Rev. John Reed, Rector of Christ Church. Poughkeepsie, Dutchess 

County. 

The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Grace Church, Jamaica, Long Island. 
The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 
The Rev. James Thompson, Deacon, Missionary, Greene and Delaware 

Counties. 

The Rev. Frederick Vanhorne, residing in Coldenham. 
The Rev. Alanson W. Welton, Deacon, Missionary, Ontario and adjacent 

Counties. 
The Rev. Russel Wheeler, Missionary, Harmony Church, Butternuts, St. 

Matthew's Church, Unadilla, Otsego County, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Eli Wheeler, Deacon, Hempstead. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D.D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, West Chester, 

and St. Paul's Church, East Chester. 
The Rev. Joseph Willard, residing in New York. 
The Rev. Ralph Williston, Rector of Zion Church, New York. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, D.D., residing near New Brunswick. 
The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D.D., Rector of St. Mary's Church, Bur 
lington. 

The Rev. John Croes, D.D., Rector of Christ Church, New Brunswick. 
The Rev. John C. Rudd Rector of St. John's Church, Elizabeth Town. 



1814.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 445 

The Rev. Simon Wilmer, Rector of Trinity Church, Swedesborough. 
The Rev. James Chapman, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 
The Rev. John Croes, jun., Rector of Christ Church, Shrewsbury. 
The Rev. Daniel Higbee, St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly. 
The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, Deacon, Trinity Church, Newark. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Christ Church, 

iSt. Peter's Church, and St. James' Church, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 
The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., senior Assistant Minister of Christ 

Church, St. Peter's, and St. John's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania. 

The Rev. William Ayres, residing in Philadelphia. 
The Rev. John Campbell, Rector of Carlisle. 
The Rev. Joseph Turner, Rector of St. Martin's, Marcus Hook. 
The Rev. Slator Clay, Rector of St. James', Perkiomen, St. Peter's, Great 

Valley, and St. Thomas', Whitemarsh. 
The Rev Joseph Clarkson, Rector of St. James', Lancaster, St. John's, 

Pequea, and Bangor Church, Carnarvon. 
The Rev. James Wiltbank, Rector of Trinity Church, Oxford, and All 

Saints, Lower Dublin. 

The Rev. Robert Ayres, residing in Brownsville. 

Thd Rev. Francis Reno, officiating in the Counties of Beaver and Allegany. 
The Rev. Caleb Hopkins, Rector of Christ Church, Derry township; St. 

Paul's, Bloom township ; and Christ Church, Turbit Township, 

Northumberland County. 
The Rev. Absalom Jones (a colored man), Rector of the African Church 

of St. Thomas, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John Taylor, Rector of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh. 
The Rv. Levi Bull, Rector of ( St. Gabriel's, Berk's County, and St. 

Mary's, Chester County. 

The Rev. John Armstrong, Rector of St. John's, Yorktown. 
The Rev. Jackson Kernper, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 

Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rector of St. James the Greatest, Bristol. 
The Rev. Jehu Curtis Clay, Deacon, officiating at St. David's, Radnor. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Rector of Emanuel's Church, New Castle. 
The Rev. William Pryce, Rector of St. James', Newport. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. Thomas John Claggett, D. D., Bishop. 

The Rev. Dr. James Kemp, first Rector, St. Paul's, Baltimore. 

The Rev. William C. Wyatt, second Rector, St. Paul's, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Galen Hicks, Rector of Trinity, Baltimore. 

The Rev. George Dashiell, Rector of St. Peter's, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Dr. Benj, Coutee, Rector of William and Mary Charles County. 



446 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

The Rev. John Weems, Rector of Port Tobacco Parish, Charles County. 
The Rev. Noble Young, Rector of Durham. 

The Rev. William Gibson, Rector of Queen Ann's, Prince George's County. 
The Rev. William Ninde, Rector of St. Ann's Parish, Annapolis. 
The Rev. Purnell F. Smith, Rector of St. James' Parish, Prince George Co. 
The Rev. George Lemmon, Rector of Queen Caroline, Prince George Co. 
The Rev. Walter D. Addison, Rector of St. John's, Territory of Columbia. 
The Rev. Andrew M'Cormick, Rector of Washington, Territory of Co 
lumbia. 

The Rev. Thomas Read, Rector of Prince George's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. John Chandler, Rector of St. Mark's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. Thomas P. Irving, Rector of St. John's, Montgomery County. 
The Rev. John Allen, Rector of St. George's, Harford County. 
The Rev. Heniy L. Davis, Rector of St. Stephen's, Cecil County. 
The Rev. William Duke, residing in Elkton. 

The Rev. Samuel H. Turner, Rector of Chester Parish, Kent County. 
The Rev. Daniel Stephens. Rector of St. Paul's, Queen Anne's County. 
The Rev. Thomas Bayne, Rector of St. Peter's, Talbot County. 
The Rev. William Stone, Rector of Stepney Parish, Somerset County. 
The Rev. James Laird, Rector of Somerset Parish, Somerset County. 

VIRGINIA. 
No list of the Clergy in this State was furnished to the Convention. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. ^ 

The Right Rev. Theodore Dehon, D. D., Bishop. 

The Rev. John Barnwell Campbell, Rector of St. Helena's Church, 

Beaufort. 

The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, Deacon, officiating in St. Paul's, Stono. 
The Rev. Andrew Fowler, Rector of the Church on Edisto Island. 
The Rev. Hugh Fraser, Rector of All Saints. 
The Rev. Christopher Edward Gadsden, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's 

Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. Christian Hankel, Deacon, officiating in St. Luke's Parish. 
The Rev. Philip Matthews, Rector of the Church, on St. Helena's Island. 
The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., Rector of St. Andrews Parish. 
The Rev. William Percy, D. D., Rector of the third Episcopal Church, 

Charleston. 

The Rev. James Dewar Simons, Rector of St. Philip's Church, Charleston. 
The Rev Charles Blair Snowden, Rector of St. Stephen's. 
The Rev. John Jacob Tschudy, Rector of St. John's Parish, Berkeley. 
The Rev. Joseph Weaver, Rector of St. Thomas and St. Dennis. 

CLERGYMEN NOT HAVING CUBES. 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D. 
The Rev. Milward Pogson. 
The Rev. Paul Feropier Gervais. 
The Rev. James O'Farrell. 

CERTIFICATE OF BISHOP MOORE'S CONSECRATION. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William White, D. D., Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church iu the State of Pennsylvania, presid- 



1814.] 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 447 



ing Bishop, John Henry Hobart, D. D., Assistant Bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the State of New York, Alexander Viets Griawold, 
D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Eastern Diocese, 
and Theodore Dehon, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the State of South Carolina, under the protection of Almighty God. in St. 
James' Church, in the city of Philadelphia, on Wednesday, the eighteenth 
day of May, in the year of our Lora one thousand eight hundred and 
fourteen, did then and there rightly and canonically consecrate our be 
loved in Christ, Richard Channing Moore, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen'* 
Church in the city of New York, of whose sufficiency in good learning, 
soundness in the faith, and purity of manners we were fully ascertained, 
into the office of Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Stite 
of Virginia, to which he hath been elected by the Convention of said State. 

Given in the city of Philadelphia, this eighteenth day of May, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fourteen. 

WILLIAM WHITE, (L. S.) 

JOHN HENRY HOBART, (L. S.) 
ALEXANDER V. GRISWOLD, (L. S.) 
THEODORE DEHON, (L. S.) 



432 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1814. 

House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, they returned for an 
swer that they concurred therein. 

A Canon, altering and explaining the 29th Canon, con 
cerning the election and institution of ministers, was pro 
posed and agreed to, and sent to the other House for their 
concurrence. 

The following Kesulution, concerning the Book of Homil 
ies, was proposed and adopted, and sent to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies for their concurrence. 

The House of Bishops, taking into consideration, that 
the two Books of Homilies are referred to in the 35th Arti 
cle of this Church, as containing a body of sound Christian 
doctrine ; and knowing, by their respective experience, the 
scarcity of the volume, rendering it difficult for some 'candi 
dates in the ministry to possess opportunities of studying 
its contents, propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties, to make it a standing instruction to every Bishop, and 
to the Ecclesiastical authority in every State destitute of a 
Bishop, to be furnished (as soon as may be) with a copy or 
copies of said work, and to require it to be studied by all 
candidates for the ministry within their respective bounds : 
under the expectation, that when offering for ordination, the 
knowledge of its contents will be indispensably required. 

A Canon, concerning the alms and contributions at the 
Holy Communion, was proposed and adopted. 

Adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 



SATURDAY MORNING, May 21st, 1814. 

The Canon, concerning the alms and contributions at the 
Holy Communion, was taken to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Secretary, for their concurrence. 

A communication was made to this House by the Presi 
dent, respecting two matters committed to him by the last 
triennial Convention. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That information of the same be 
transmitted to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; to 
be returned to this House and entered on their Journal. 
The communication is as follows : 

The President requests the attention of the House, to 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 465 

liberality, on the part of both the Clergy and Laity, are among 
the circumstances on which we calculate, through the blessing 
of God, for raising the Church from its late depressed state, 
and for ensuring its lasting prosperity. From the journals of 
the Diocesan Conventions, it appears that there has been a con 
siderable accession of members to our communion since the 
last report: and as the balance of emigration is against the 
Diocese, it is evident that these additions have been principally 
drawn from other denominations : and that the liberality of 
our people has been proportionate to this increase, is manifest 
from the great number of edifices which have been erected for 
the celebration of the ordinances and worship of our Church 
and from the munificence displayed in the construction of these 
edifices. Trinity Church, in New Haven, which was consecrat 
ed in February, 1816, is surpassed by very few, if any in the 
Union, for size, convenience, or simple elegance. The Church 
in this Diocese has laboured under very serious inconvenience 
since the death of its late lamented Diocesan, Bishop Jarvis, 
by being in a great measure deprived of the benefit of Episco 
pal visitations. This inconvenience, however, is now in a con 
siderable degree remedied, by an arrangement with the Right 
Rev. Bishop Hobart, of New York, who has been regularly 
invited by the Convention of the State, under the 20th Canon 
of the General Convention, to take temporary charge of the 
Diocese ; and has accordingly done so. 

Under this arrangement, Bishop Hobart has visited a part of 
the Diocese consecrated several churches and administered 
the right of confirmation to about 1600 persons. Still, however, 
the want of a resident Diocesan is much felt ; and we confident 
ly hope that the time is not far distant, when the fund for the 
support of a Bishop, amounting already to little less than 
15,000 dollars, will be sufficient to supply this necessity, and to 
meet the wishes, and fulfil the most sanguine expectations of 
the friends of the Church throughout the Diocese. 

NEW YORK. 

We have reason to be thankful to the great Head of the 
Church for the degree of prosperity with which he has blessed 
that portion of it which forms the Diocese of New York. 
Fidelity in the Clergy, and an encouraging spirit of zeal and 
devotion in the Laity, very generally prevail. And this fidelity, 
zeal, and devotion, are marked with a scrupulous adherence to 
the Canons, Rubrics, and edifying usages of our excellent 
Church. The sufficiency of her provisions to secure the influ- 



466 JOURNAI^OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

ence and happy consequences of evangelical piety, has been, in 
some instances, most eminently displayed. In illustration of 
this remark, we refer to the following extract from the address 
of the Bishop of this Diocese to the Convention of 1816. 

" In St. Paul's Church, Troy, 78 received confirmation, prin 
cipally young persons ; many of whom at the first opportunity , 
came to the communion. I deem it of importance to state, 
that in this congregation, during a season of unusual religious 
excitement, its Rector did not h'nd it necessary to deviate, in 
any degree from the forms of our Church ; but by more fre 
quency in the use of them, and by greater assiduity in his 
parochial duties and instructions, he was happily instrumental 
in increasing the piety of his flock." 

Since the period embraced in the last report, twenty-nine 
persons have been admitted by the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, 
to the holy order of Deacons, viz., William B. Lacey, Harry 
Croswell (since removed to Connecticut), John Brown, William 
Creighton, George Boyd (since removed to Pennsylvania), 
Alpheus Gear, of Connecticut, Eli Wheeler, of Connecticut 
(since settled in this Diocese), Alanson W. Welton, of Connecti 
cut (since settled in this Diocese), George Y. Morehouse. of Neu 
Jersey, at Perth-Amboy, New Jersey, where, previously to the 
election of a Bishop in that Diocese, Bishop Hobart was invited 
to hold an ordination, by the Standing Committee of the same 
Gregory T. Bedell, William Hawley (since removed to the city 
of Washington), William H. Hart (since removed to Virginia) 
Abiel Carter, (since removed to Pennsylvania), William J 
Bulkley, of Connecticut, Charles W. Hamilton, Henri L. P. F 
Peneveyre (from the Protestant Church of Luzerne, in Switzer 
land), Henry U. Onderdonk, Thomas C. Brownell, Professor it 
Union College, Schenectady, Ravaud Kearney, Petrus S. Ter 
Broeck, George Weller, James F. Hull, of New Orleans 
Samuel Johnston, Joshua M. Rogers, Hugh Smith, Henry 
Anthon, Richard F. Cadle, Nathaniel Bruce, M. D. and 
Charles Smith, of Connecticut. 

Twenty Deacons have been admitted to the holy order of 
Priests, viz. the Rev. James Thompson, the Kev. David Hun 
tington, the Rev. Eli Wheeler, the Rev. Benjamin T. Onder 
donk, the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, of New Jersey, at Newark 
(N. J.) where Bishop Hobart was invited prior to the electioi 
of a Bishop in that State, by the Standing Committee of th( 
same, to hold an ordination; the Rev. Alausou W. Welton, th( 
Rev. John Brown, the Rev. William B. Lacey, the Rev. Henr 
L. P. F. Peneveyre, the Rev. Henry U. Onderdouk, the Rev 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 467 

Johu P. K. Henshaw, (since removed to Maryland) ; the Rev. 
James F. Hull, of New Orleans; the Rev. Thomas C. Brownell; 
the Rev. Walter Cranston, of Georgia, at New Haven, in Con 
necticut, the Rev. Reuben Sherwood, of Connecticut, at Nor- 
walk, in that Diocese in which Diocese Bishop Hobart had 
been invited by the Convention of the same, agreeably to the 
20th Canon of the General Convention, to perform Episcopal 
offices ; the Rev. Evan M. Johnson, the Rev. William Creigh- 
ton, the Rev. Ravaud Kearney, the Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, 
and the Rev. George Weller. 

Since the last General Convention, the following Institutions 
have taken place in this Diocese : of the Rev. John M' Vickar 
to the Rectorship of St. James's Church, Hyde Park, Dutchess 
County ; of the Rev. Henry J. Feltus, to that of St. Stephen's 
Church, New York ; of the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, to that of 
St. James's Church, New York ; of the Rev. Charles Seabury, 
to that of Caroline Church Brookhaven, Long Island ; of the 
Rev. Eli Wheeler, to that of St. John's Church, Johnstown ; 
of the Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, (since removed to Maryland), 
to that of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, Long Island; of the 
Rev. Parker Adams, to that of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, 
Rensselaer County, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga 
County ; of the Rev. Joseph Prentice, to that of St. Luke's 
Church, Cattskill, Greene County ; of the Rev. David Moore, 
to that of St. Andrew's Church, Staten Island ; of the Rev. 
James Milnor, to that of St. George's Church, New York ; of 
the Rev. William Creighton, to that of St. Mark's Church, 
New York ; of the Rev. Henri L. P. F. Peneveyre, to that of 
the French Church Du St. Esprit, New York where the ser 
vices of our Church are celebrated in the French language. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., has been ap 
pointed Rector ; the Rev. Thomas Y. How, D. D., Assistant 
Rector ; and the Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, an Assistant 
Minister of Trinity Church, New York. The Rev. Evan M. 
Johnson has been settled as Minister of St. James's Church, 
Newtown, Long Island ; the Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, Deacon 
of Christ Church, Hudson, Columbia County ; the Rev. John 
Brown, of St. George's Church, Newburgh, Orange County; 
the Rev. William Powell, of St. John's Church, Yonkers, West 

Chester County ; the Rev. Henry Anthon, Deacon of 

Church, Redhook, Dutchess County; the Rev. Ravaud Kear 
ney, of St. Paul's Church, East Chester, West Chester County; 
the Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, of Trinity Church, Fishkill, 
and St. Phillip's Church, Phillipstowu, Dutchess County, and 



468 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

St. Peter's Church, Peekskill, Putnam County ; and the Rev. 
Daniel Me Donald, of Trinity Church, Fairfield, Herkimer 
County. 

The following clergymen are at present employed as Mis 
sionaries in this State, by, and under the direction of, the ec 
clesiastical authority of the Diocese; the Rev. Daniel Nash, 
the Rev. Samuel Fuller, the Rev. William A. Clark, the Rev. 
James Thompson, the Rev. William B. Lacey, the Rev. Russel 
Wheeler, the Rev. Alanson W. Welton, the Rev. Ezekiel G. 
Gear, Deacon, the Rev. Orin Clark, the Rev. Stephen Jewett, 
the Rev. Professor Thomas C. Brownell (who performs mission 
ary services on Sundays, in destitute congregations in the vicin 
ity of Union College;) the Rev. Charles W. Hamilton, Deacon, 
the Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, the Rev. George Weller, the 
Rev. Samuel Johnston, Deacon, the Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, 
Deacon, and the Rev. Charles Seabury. And here it is proper 
to mention that, from the Missionary Fund in this Diocese, a 
salary is also given to Mr. Eleazar Williams, a young man of 
Indian extraction, who resides with the Oiieida tribe in this 
State, and performs the very useful offices of lay reader, cate- 
chist, and school-master among his Indian brethren. His re 
ligious exercises are the services of our Church, and approved 
sermons, both translated into the Mohawk language. His 
labours have been very faithful, and promise great success. 

The Church in this Diocese has experienced incalculable 
advantage from the faithful labours of Missionaries. Some of 
the best established parishes, now affording competent support 
to their pastors, owe their existence, under God, to these 
labours. They have preserved the services of the sanctuary 
where, from a variety of opposing causes, there was danger of 
their loss. They have revived them in churches long vacated ; 
and they are now carrying their consolations and their benefits 
to the remotest parts of the Diocese. As their happy conse 
quence, sacred edifices, commodious, neat, not uufrequently 
elegant, are fast beautifying tracts of our State, which, but 
lately, were an entire wilderness. 

Among the changes that have taken place in this Diocese 
since the last General Convention, we have to notice the 
decease of the Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D. D., the Right 
Rev. Benjamin Moore, D. D., and the Rev. Elias Cooper, the 
late pious and useful Rector of St. John's Church, Yonkers, 
and, the oldest Presbyter in the Diocese. 

The Confirmations reported by the Bishop in 1814, were 800; 
in 1815 400; in 1816 1000. Total, 2200. For the admin- 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 469 

istration of this ordinance, and for the discharge of other Epis 
copal dutiess the Bishop regularly and frequently visits every 
parish in this extensive Diocese. 

Since the last report the following parishes have been duly 
organized in this Diocese, and received into union with the 
Convention ; St. Paul's Church, Oxford, Chenango County ; 
Trinity Church, Coventry, Chenango County ; St. Paul's 
Church, Preble and Tully, Courtlandt County ; Trinity Church, 
Granville, Washington County; St. Andrew's Church, Genoa, 
Cayuga County ; Zion Church, Onondaga, Onondaga County ; 
St. Stephen's Church, Smithfield, Madison County; and St. 
Paul's Church, Durham, Greene County. 

The following churches have been consecrated by the Bishop : 
St. Matthew's Church, Unadilla, Otsego County; Trinity 
Church, Athens, Greene County; Christ Church, Manlius, 
Onondaga County; Trinity Church, Rensselaerville, Albany 
County; St. George's Church, New York, (re-built, after de 
struction by fire) ; St. James's Church, North Salem, West 
Chester County; Trinity Church, Granville, Washington Coun 
ty ; St. John's Church, Canandaigua, Ontario County. 

The whole number of organized congregations in the Diocese 
amounts to 115, and the number of clergy to 68. 

A short time previous to the last General Convention, St. 
George's Church, in the city of New York, was destroyed by 
fire. Since that period, our brethren in that city have been 
again visited with' the same calamity. Zion Church, belonging 
to a small but respectable congregation, who, a few years since, 
conformed to our communion, and have uniformly evinced their 
strong attachment to our doctrines and worship, has been burnt. 
This unhappy circumstance so deranged the affairs of the par 
ish, as to render necessary the removal of the worthy Rector, 
the Rev. Ralph Williston, whose useful services are now trans 
ferred to another Diocese. The re-building of this church has 
progressed only in part. 

It is matter of sincere felicitation to the members of our 
Church in this Diocese, that although peculiar circumstances 
have, in some measure, threatened her temporal prosperity, her 
members have not suffered it to decline, but have made efforts 
proportioned to the emergency. This has been particularly 
manifested in many country parishes, where unprecedented ex 
ertions have been made in building and repairing places of 
public worship, and meeting other parochial expenses. 

Not least among the means that have been blessed to the 
good of the Church in this Diocese, are the voluntary associa- 



470 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

tions formed by her members for the promotion of pious objects. 
The number of Bible and Common Prayer Book Societies has 
considerably increased. One, established in the city of New 
York, by young men of our Church, as auxiliary to that which 
was instituted in 1809, has set an unprecedented example of 
activity and zeal in the diffusion of religious truth. The young 
men of the same city have also lately distinguished themselves 
by forming another association, promising the most beneficial 
consequences. Its object is to raise funds for the support of 
Missionaries employed by the Bishop, and the Committee for 
propagating the Gospel, (appointed by the Convention), with 
whom is lodged the only authority to manage the missionary 
concerns of the Diocese. 

To conclude : although it must be confessed that much still 
remains to be done in this Diocese, yet, thankful for the pros 
perity it has heretofore enjoyed, we cherish the humble hope, 
that the vigilant superintendence with which it is blessed, the 
fidelity of its pastors, and the zeal, devotion and liberality of 
its members, will be sanctified to its further increase and its 
instrumentality in promoting the glory of God, and the salva 
tion of men. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The state of the Church, in this Diocese, through the good 
ness of God, continues, on the whole, to improve. Its progress 
is not rapid, but steady and substantial. 

The Churches at Newark, Elizabeth Town, Perth-Amboy, 
New Brunswick, and Burlington, remain under the care of the 
Pastors who had the charge of them when the last report was 
made. They are flourishing, both in their temporal and spirit 
ual concerns ; and afford every reason for the conclusion that, 
with the Divine blessing, they will continue so. Within the 
last three years, the congregation at Perth-Amboy have erected 
a convenient and handsome house for the accommodation of 
their Rector. The same valuable object is in progress at 
Elizabeth Town. 

Of the Churches at Shrewsbury, Middletown, and Freehold, 
united under the pastoral care of the clergyman formerly re 
ported, the first named has considerably increased both in num 
ber of families and communicants. The congregation has also 
repaired and painted its handsome church. The other two 
congregations remain as before stated. 

The congregation of St. Andrew's Church, Mount Holly, has 
also much increased. Formerly it enjoyed only part of the 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 471 

services of a clergyman ; but, within the last two years, it has 
been able to give entire support to one. The Rev. George Y. 
Morehouse is now the Rector of that Church. 

St. John's Church at Salem, vacant for more than forty 
years, with the exception of a few months in 1792 and 1798, 
has, within a short time, revived, and considerably improved. 
It now enjoys, in conjunction with St. George's, Perm's Neck, 
which had also, for a long time, been vacant, and St. Mary s, 
Colcstown, lately much increased, the ministrations of the 
Pastor formerly of St. Andrew's, Mount Holly. 

The respectable Church at Swedesborough, though still large, 
has, since the last report, from some cause not accurately known, 
experienced a considerable diminution in the number of its 
communicants. The Rector formerly named has still the 
charge of it. 

The Churches at Jersey, Berkley, Mullica's Hill, Glassborough, 
Woodbridge, Trenton, Spots wood, Newton, Knowlton, Hard- 
wick, Piscataway, Alexandria, Amwell, Allen-Town, and Chew's 
Landing, still remain vacant. The first five have the benefit of 
Divine Service, performed by licensed candidates and other lay 
men: and the whole occasionally enjoy the ministrations of the 
Bishop and the neighbouring Rectors. The difficulty, for some 
time past, of procuring a suitable clergyman to act as a Mission 
ary, has occasiond the state of the vacant Churches generally, 
to be less favourable than it would otherwise have been. That 
difficulty will, no doubt, shortly be removed, as means are in 
progress for obtaining one. t 

There is a prospect, also, that a new Church will shortly be 
instituted at the manufacturing town of Paterson. 

The Bishop of the Diocese, since his consecration in Novem 
ber, 1815, has visited the Churches at Newark, Elizabeth Town, 
Shrewsbury, Spotswood, Mount-Holly, Swedesborough, Salem, 
Berkeley, Mullica's Hill, and Glassborough, and administered 
the holy rite of Confirmation in those of them which follow, viz. 
at Swedesborough, Mount-Holly, Elizabeth Town, Shrewsbury, 
New-Brunswick, and Newark. The number confirmed in these 
Churches was 198. 

He also admitted to the holy order of Priests, the Rev. 
George Y. Morehouse, who, shortly after, was instituted Rector 
of St. Andrew's Church, at Mount-Holly. 

Samuel C. Stratton and Francis H. Cuming have been ad 
mitted candidates for holy orders since the last General Con 
vention. Within the same time, the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard 
has been ordained Priest, and instituted Rector of Trinity 
Church Newark. 



472 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

It is with pleasure likewise stated, that the Missionary Fund, 
which, on a former report, was $ 2,307.42, has, by a report made 
in August last to the State Convention, increased to & 2,611.04. 

The Fund for the support of the widows and children of 
clergymen has also considerably increased. 

The Permanent Fund of the Episcopal Society has advanced 
from $156, the sum stated in the former report, to 6475. The 
Society has also distributed a considerable number of Bibles, 
Prayer Books, and Tracts. 

It is further stated, and with great satisfaction, that the 
females of the churches of Newark and Elizabeth-Town, have 
established Bible and Prayer-Book Societies, auxiliary to the 
Episcopal Society. 

A Missionary Society has also been instituted in Trinity 
Church, Newark, in aid of the General Fund. 

Sunday Schools have likewise been established in several 
congregations, principaly by ladies, which promise much good. 

Since the last Convention, the number of officiating clergy 
men has increased from 8 to 9, and the instituted rectors from 
6 to 8. 

On an examination of the progress of the Church in this 
Diocese, since the termination of the Revolutionary war, in 
1783, it is found that it has increased by the addition of Trinity 
Church, Swedesborough ; St. George's Church, Penn's-Neck ; 
St. John's Church, Chew's Landing ; .St. Thomas's Church, 
Glassborough ; St. Matthew's Church, City of Jersey ; and St. 
Stephen's Church, Mullica's Hill. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Church in this Diocese has always been small, and 
principally limited to the City of Philadelphia and its imme 
diate neighborhood. We have, however, satisfactory evidence, 
that it is increasing in numbers, strengh, and zeal, and, we 
trust, in piety. 

Prayer Books, and many valuable tracts, have been distrib 
uted by the Society for the Advancement of Christianity in 
this State. This Society has likewise, by means of its Missiona 
ries supplied several vacant congregations with occasional 
services, and formed new congregations in the north-western 
part of the Diocese. 

Since the last General Convention, two churches have been 
consecrated to the worship of Almighty God. The communi 
cants of some congregations have greatly increased, and a 
growing attention to the best interests of the soul is evidently 
perceptible. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 473 

During last year a new Society was formed in this Diocese, 
for the express purpose of sending Missionaries into the western 
States. Under its direction, a young clergyman has visited, 
with success, many parts of Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. 

The most gratifying intelligence from this Diocese is, that a 
very considerable number of young men have directed their 
attention to the Gospel ministry. There are, at present, twelve 
candidates for holy orders. 

During the years 1814, 1815, and 1816, 487 persons have 
been confirmed. 

Since the last General Convention, the following persons have 
received Deacon's orders: James Milnor, Samuel Phinney, 
George Sheets, Jacob Morgan Douglass, James Montgomery, 
Thomas P. May, Charles M. Dupuy, and Joseph R. Walker. 

During the same period, the following have received Priest's 
orders : Rev. James Milnor, Rev. Jehu Curtis Clay, Rev. George 
Boyd, Rev. Abiel Carter, and Rev. Samuel Phiuney. 

The members of this Diocese have been zealous in distribut 
ing the Bible. 

DELAWARE. 

This Diocese was once an important portion of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. In this small State there are the remains 
of eleven congregations, which, at no very distant period, were 
all supplied with the ministrations of the Divine Word by cler 
gymen of our Church. Owing, however, to causes of which we 
can now have but a very indistinct view, and which probably 
cannot, by any, be correctly traced, this Diocese preesnts a most 
deplorable picture of departure from its first love. There are 
but two of the congregations in this Diocese that are regularly 
supplied by ministers of our Church. From the year 1810 till 
1816 there was no regular Convention held. In the last men 
tioned year, a Convention was called, at which some regulations 
were entered into, which, should they be carried into effect, it 
is hoped, and with some confidence expected, that, through the 
Divine blessing, the situation of the Church in this State will 
be greatly meliorated. Distressing as is the condition of the 
Church in this Diocese, still there is every reason to believe 
that her prospects are brighter than they have been for many 
years. Among some things which induce this belief may be 
reckoned this pleasing circumstance, that, within the last 
eighteen months, there have been admitted, as candidates for 
holy orders, of this State, four young men of piety and talents, 
of whom the most encouraging hopes are entertained. Another 



474 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

circumstance in the present prospects of our Church here, and 
which seems to offer the most effectual means of her restoration, 
is the establishment of an Episcopal Missionary Society in 
Wilmington. If the zeal of our members can be excited so as 
to afford sufficient pecuniary aid to this institution, we expect, 
both from the benefits which have already resulted from mis 
sionary exertions in one Church, and from the peculiar state 
of feeling on this subject in this Diocese, that, through God's 
grace, the Church may be raised to a degree of strength and 
respectability exceeding the most sanguine expectations of past 
years. In Wilmington efforts have been making to raise a 
spacious building for the service of God ; but there are so many 
difficulties in the way of their success, and so few to contend 
with them, that some fear is entertained as to the final accom 
plishment of the object. 

MARYLAND. 

The members of the Church in this Diocese appear to be 
increasing in piety and zeal. Xew churches have been erected, 
the number of communicants has increased, greater regard is 
had to the discipline and forms of worship of the Church, and 
more anxiety is discovered to keep In decent repair the houses 
of worship, and to provide for the comfortable support of the 
ministry ; yet, in many parts of the Diocese, the Church is still 
in a low and depressed state, and its members are deprived of 
the ministrations of the sanctuary. If pious and zealous clergy 
men could be procured, there is every reason to believe that, in 
these parishes, the Church would flourish, and religion would 
prosper. Some societies have been formed for the distribution 
of religious tracts ; and, at the last meeting of the Convention, 
steps were taken to raise a fund for the support of Missionaries, 
and the education of young men for the ministry. 

In the Convention ot 1814 a Suffragan Bishop was appointed 
in this Diocese, and its venerable Bishop ( who has since, after 
a long life of piety and usefulness, been called away to receive 
the reward of his labours), commissioned him to perform all 
Episcopal duties on the Eastern Shore of this State. Part of 
the Diocese was shortly after visited by Bishop Kemp, and the 
rite of Confirmation administered by him to about 330 persons 
before the meeting of the last Convention. The ill health of 
Bishop Claggett, for some years before his death, prevented him 
from attending some of the Conventions, and communicating 
the Episcopal duties performed by him. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 475 

VIRGINIA. 

The Church here has risen from that gloom and depression 
which caused her friends to mourn and weep. She now is in a 
prosperous state. A spirit of true religion is reviving in almost 
every part of the Diocese ; and a sincere attachment to the pure 
doctrine and worship of our Church is increasing among her 
members. In Fredericksburgh a large church has been erected 
and consecrated. In Leesburgh a church has been built and 
consecrated. In several parishes, churches that were in a ru 
inous state have been repaired. In Warrenton a handsome 
church is building, and will be ready for consecration in a few 
weeks. In Charlestown a spacious church is building, and will 
be finished in the course of the present year. In Port Royal 
an adequate sum of money has been subscribed for building a 
church there. A sufficient sum of money has been subscribed 
for erecting a church in Luuenburgh. 

In the city of Richmond there are two numerous and very 
respectable congregations. In Norfolk there is a large and re 
spectable congregation. In Petersburgh the Church is more 
prosperous than formerly. In Alexandria there are two large 
and very respectable congregations. A Prayer-Book and Tract 
Society has been established here. By the blessing of Almighty 
God, our worthy arid zealous Bishop has been instrumental in 
conducing much to the prosperity of our Zion, wherever he has 
visited in his Diocese. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

There is a well-grounded hope, that the Church in this Dio 
cese (now first received into union with the General Convention) 
will increase in strength (with Divine aid) so as, in a few years, 
to be able to dispense the Word of God to a large number of- 
souls that are now scattered over a wide tract of country, a 
great part of whom are almost strangers to the sound of the 
Gospel. 

There are at present but three Churches in the State that are 
blessed with settled pastors those at Fayetteville, Wilmington, 
and Newbern. 

At the first of these places the congregation has lately settled 
the Rev. Bethel Judd, from the Diocese of Connecticut. 

At Wilmington there is a church of considerable size, and 
generally well attended. The congregation have evinced by 
their attention to the Church a strong and ardent wish for its 
prosperity. They have at present the Rev. Adam Empie, from 
the Diocese of New York, for their pastor, who is much beloved 
by the congregation. 



476 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1817.] 

At Newbern the church has lately undergone some altera 
tions and repairs, and affords a very comfortable and decent 
house of worship. Since the first of April, the Rev. Jehu Curtis 
Clay, from the Diocese of Pennsylvania, has been the pastor of 
this congregation, and he has had the satisfaction of having 
the church numerously and respectably attended. The num 
ber of communicants on last Easter Day exceeded thirty, and 
there is but little doubt that this Church will increase, should 
the present minister continue his services amongst this people, 
who, for about twelve mouths before his arrival, were destitute 
of a pastor. 

At Edenton there is a neat church, but, unfortunately for the 
congregation, they have no minister, nor have they had one 
since the Rev. Mr. Hatch left them, about two years since. 

The town of Washington, and its vicinity, has lately met 
with a loss in the death of the Rev. Mr. Blunt, who, for many 
years before his decease, was in the habit of making appoint 
ments in different parts of the county in which he resided, where 
he would preach, baptize children, and, at stated times, admin 
ister the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. These families, not a 
few in number, are now entirely deprived of hearing the Word 
of God preached, and of having the bread of life broken to 
them by an Episcopal minister. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

It is with peculiar satisfaction we report the increasing pro 
gress of the Church in this Diocese. It appears, that since the 
last meeting of the General Convention, some new congrega 
tions have been formed, and some new churches have been 
erected in this section of the Protestant Episcopal Communion ; 
particularly a spacious and elegant church in the city of 
Charleston, a neat and handsome church on John's Island, a 
church in St. Mark's, and one in All-Saints' parish. In some 
other parts of this Diocese, funds have been raised, and exer 
tions are making for rebuilding their places of public worship ; 
and several have lately been fully completed, and the cemete 
ries enclosed. 

It also appears that the Canons and Rules of the Church 
have here been observed ; that the public offices of our holy 
religion have, with much uniformity, been performed according 
to the rubrics of the Book of Common Prayer ; and that great 
harmony and love subsist between the Bishop and his Clergy, 
as well as among the Clergy themselves. 

It furthermore appears that Mr. John Chandler, Mr. Henry 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 477 

Gibbs, Mr. David J. Campbell, and Mr. "Wilson, have 

been admitted by the Bishop as candidates for holy orders ; that 
Mr. Morris H. Lance, Mr. Thomas Frost, and Mr. Albert Mul- 
ler, natives of this Diocese, have been received into the holy 
order of Deacons ; and that the Rev. Christian Hankel has 
been advanced to the holy order of Priests. 

It appears, however, that there is yet cause to lament the 
ruinous state of many churches, and the want of clergymen in 
various parts of this Diocese. " The harvest is truly great, but 
the labourers are few." We have also to lament, that since the 
last meeting of this Convention, two clergymen, viz. the Rev. 
James Dewar Simons, and the Rev. Joseph Warren, have been 
removed by death. 

The Society instituted for the Advancement of Christianity in 
this Diocese has been productive of much good, and its funds 
and influence are rapidly increasing. The baptisms and the 
communicants have greatly multiplied within the last year; 
and the public worship of Almighty God has not only been 
more generally and devoutly attended, but religious knowledge 
and practice seem to be progressive. The visitations of the 
Bishop have been frequent, and the sacred rite of Confirmation 
has been duly administered. 

From the unremitted zeal and exertions of the Bishop and 
Clergy of this Diocese, there is reason to cherish the most flat 
tering expectations, that the power as well as the form of relig 
ion, under the blessing of God, will continue to increase. 

THE WESTERN STATES. 



The most gratifying intelligence relative to our Church in 
this extensive part of the United States has been laid before 
this Convention. A respectable and flourishing congregation 
in the city of Lexington, State of Kentucky, has for several 
years been blessed with the regular ministrations of our Church, 
and the care of an active and zealous pastor. Ing the State of 
Ohio, nineteen congregations have been regularly organized ; 
and steps taken for constituting a Diocese. The measures 
adopted by this Convention, added to the zeal and attachment 
to the Church manifested by the scattered members of our com 
munion in these States, and the disinterested labours of a few 
(clergymen who have been among them, will, it is hoped, 
through the blessing of God, tend to their speedy enjoyment of 
Episcopal superintendence. 

In laying the preceding statement before the House of Bish- 



478 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1817.] 

ops, the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies solicit their 
counsel, and their prayers for the blessing of Almighty God. 
Signed, by order of, the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 

WILLIAM H. WILMER, PRESIDENT. 
YORK, May 26, 1817. 



The house adjourned to attend Divine Service. Service 
was performed by the Rev. Mr. Wyatt, and a sermon 
preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp. 

After Divine Service, the house met, and resumed the 
consideration of the Rev. Dr. How's resolution, which was 
passed in the affirmative. 

The Rev. Mr. S. Wilmer, offered the following resolution, 
which was laid upon the table : 

Resolved, That the next General Convention be holden 
at - . 

The Hon. Charles Fenton Mercer submitted the follow 
ing resolution and proposed alterations of the Constitution 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, which were read and 
laid upon the table : 

Resolved, That it be made known to the several State 
Conventions of this Church, that it is proposed to consider 
at the next General Convention, and, if deemed expedient, 
finally to ratify, the following alterations of the Constitu 
tion of the Church : 

1st. To strike out from the beginning of the second Arti 
cle to the end of the first period, which terminates with the 
word " Convention, " and to insert in lieu thereof, the fol 
lowing provisions : Every State or Territory of the United 
States, may be made to constitute, of itself, or in union 
with the whole or certain portions of any other State or Ter 
ritory, one iDiocese, or be divided into two or more Dioceses 
by the General Convention, with the consent of the local Ec 
clesiastical authority or authorities affected thereby. Each 
Diocese shall be entitled to a representation of the clergy and 
laity, to consist of deputies chosen in such manner as the 
Convention of the Diocese may prescribe ; the number of 
clerical deputies of each Diocese to be in the proportion of 
one deputy for every five ministers resident, and the num 
ber of lay deputies, of one for every ten congregations 
organized therein ; provided, that every Diocese shall be 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 479 

entitled to at least two clerical and two lay deputies, and 
that no Diocese shall be entitled to more than twelve Cler 
ical and eight Lay Deputies in the General Convention. 
In all questions submitted to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, the decision thereupon, if required by the 
representation of any Diocese, shall be by orders ; each 
order having one vote expressed by a majority of the voices 
therein, and the concurrence of both orders shall be neces 
sary in such case, to constitute a vote of the house. 

2cl. Wherever the word " State " or " States " occurs in 
the present Constitution or Canons of the Church, without 
being followed by the word " Diocese" or " Dioceses, " such 
word shall be deemed to be supplied by the preceding 
amendment of the Constitution, if a just exposition of the 
sense of the Constitution or Canon require it. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton, from the committee on a Theo 
logical Seminary, made the following report, which was 
read, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The committee appointed to consider the subject of estab 
lishing a Theological Seminary for the Protestant Episco 
pal Church, beg leave to report the following resolutions : 

1. Resolved, That a Seminary for the better education 
of candidates for the ministry be established, to be called 
" The Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America. 

2. Resolved, That the government of said Seminary be 
vested in a Board of Trustees, to be appointed by the Gen 
eral Convention of the Church ; said Board to consist of 
twenty-two members, of whom the senior Bishop and the 
Bishop of the Diocese where said Seminary shall be estab 
lished, shall be two, with ten clergymen and ten laymen, 
and nine members shall constitute a quorum. 

3. Resolved, That the appointment of the professors and 
other officers in said Seminary be made by the Board of 
Trustees, who also shall make by-laws for their own govern 
ment and that of the Seminary. 

4. Resolved, That once every year, or oftener, the said 
Board of Trustees meet in the said Seminary, to take cog 
nizance of, and regulate all matters relating to the same. 

5. Resolved, That a committee be appointed to accele 
rate the establishment of this institution, and to enter upon 



480 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

this important duty, as soon as in their judgment sufficient 
funds, or a reasonable prospect of them, will authorize the 
undertaking. 

6. Resolved, That the said Seminary be established at 
, in the Diocese of . 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating two Canons for the consideration of this house, 
which were laid on the table. 

On motion, Resolved, That when this house adjourn, it 
adjourn to meet this evening at six o'clock. 

Adjourned. 

MONDAY, six o'clock P. M. 

The house met. 

The report of the committee on the Theological Semi 
nary, was taken up, read, and considered by sections. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating four resolutions of that body, on the subject of 
a Theological Seminary, which was read. 

A communication was received from the House of Bish 
ops, on the subject of the French Prayer Book, which was 
laid upon the table. 

The house adjourned to meet at eight o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 



TUESDAY, May 27, eight o'clock A. M. 

The house met, 

The report of the committee on the subject of a Theolo- 
logical Seminary was called up and read. 

On motion, Resolved, That the further consideration of 
said report be postponed, for the purpose of taking up the 
resolutions of the House of Bishops on the same subject. 

The house adjourned to attend Divine Service. Service 
was performed by the Rev. Dr. Wharton, and a sermon 
preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Croes. 

After Divine Service, the house met, and proceeded to the 
consideration of the resolutions of the House of Bishops on 
a Theological Seminary, which, after discussion, were con 
curred in by this house. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the resolutions offered by the committee 
of this house on the same subject, be indefinitely postponed. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 481 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, ac 
companying a Pastoral letter. 

The house adjourned to meet at half past six o'clock this 
evening. 

TUESDAY, half past six o'clock P. M. 

The house met. 

The resolutions of the House of Bishops on the subject 
of the French Prayer Book, were taken up, read, and con 
curred in by this house. 

A communication from the House of Bishops on the sub 
ject of amusements, was read before this house. 

Two Canons sent to this house yesterday by the House 
of Bishops, one " to govern in the case of a minister declar 
ing that he will no longer be a minister of this Church," and 
the other "for carrying into effect the design of the second 
rubric before the communion service," were taken up, read, 
and concurred in by this house, and returned to the House 
of Bishops. 

The Pastoral Letter received from the House of Bishops 
was then read and returned to that house. 

This house received a report of the House of Bishops on 
the subject of a copy-right in the Book of Common Prayer, 
which was read and agreed to by this house. 

The house proceeded to the choice of a committee pursu 
ant to the 4th resolution on the subject of a Theological 
Seminary. Upon counting the ballots, the following gentle 
men were declared duly elected. 

Of the Clergy, The Rev. Dr. Wharton, The Kev. Dr. 
How, The Kev. Dr. Harris. 

Of the Laity, Hon. Rufus King, William Meredith, Esq., 
Hon. Charles F. Mercer. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilmer's resolution as to the place of 
meeting of the next General Convention, was taken and 
carried, and the blank left therein filled with the word 
" Philadelphia." 

On motion, Resolved, That the House of Bishops be 
requested to appoint one of their own order to preach a ser 
mon at the opening of the next General Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating the concurrence of that house in the resolution 
that the next General Convention be holden at Philadel- 



482 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1817.] 

phia ; and informing that, with the divine permission, the 
Eight Rev. Bishop Dehon will preach at the opening of the 
same. 

There was laid before this house a resolution of the House 
of Bishops, to have the blank in the 3d resolution on the 
subject of a Theological Seminary filled with the word three. 

Resolved, That this House concur therein, and that in 
formation of this concurrence be sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

The House of Bishops communicated to this house two 
resolutions, proposing an alteration of the first article of the 
Constitution, so far as it regards the time of the meeting 
of this Convention, which were read, and concurred in by 
this House. 

A request was received from the House of Bishops, that 
this House would appoint a committee of their own body, 
to unite with the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, on the part 
of the House of Bishops, to superintend the printing of the 
Journals, Bishop Griswold's Sermon, and the Pastoral 
Letter. 

Whereupon, the Rev. Dr. How, the Rev. Mr. Rudd, and 
Mr. William Ogden, were appointed the committee. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the Right Rev. the Bishops who have preached 
before this Convention during the present session, and that 
they be requested to furnish copies of their sermons for 
publication. 

The Rev. Mr. Searle moved the following resolution, 
which was read and passed in the affirmative, and sent to 
the House of Bishops. 

" Resolved, That the Right Rev. the House of Bishops 
be respectfully requested to designate and establish some 
specific edition of the Old and New Testaments, without 
note or comment, to be considered as the authentic version 
or standard by which the genuineness of all copies of the v 
Holy Scriptures used by the members of this Church, is to 
be ascertained ; thereby, to secure them against perversions, 
and the people of our communion from error, either in dis 
cipline or doctrine." 

The following communication was received from the 
House of Bishops: 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 483 

" The House of Bishops, deeming the fulfilment of the 
request of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies on the 
subject of an authentic version of the Holy Bible, a matter 
requiring very serious attention and deliberation, have re 
solved, that its members will give such attention and delib 
eration to the subject, previously to the next meeting of the 
General Convention, and report at the said meeting." 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the President, Secretary, and Assistant Secre 
tary, for the services rendered by them respectively during 
the present session. 

In pursuance of a request from this house, the Bight 
Bev. the members of the House of Bishops attended in the 
same, for the purpose of closiug the session of the Conven 
tion by solemn prayer, which was performed by the Bight 
Bev. Bishop White, presiding Bishop ; after which the 
house adjourned sine die. 

Signed, by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 

WILLIAM H! WILMEB, PRESIDENT. 
Attested, ASHBEL BALDWIN, Secretary. 



JOURNAL. 

OF THE 



IjjousF of {Bishops. 



"?fl.|-v NEW YORK, Tuesday, May 20, 1817, 

) \\ v & being the day prescribed by the Constitution of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America for the meeting of the General 
Convention of the same, and the city of New York having 
been appointed by the last Convention as the place of meet 
ing at this time, the Right Rev. William White, D. D. of 
the Diocese ot Pennsylvania ; the Right Rev. John Henry 
Hobart, D. D. of the Diocese of New York ; the Right 
Rev. Alexander Viets Grriswold, D. D. of the Eastern Dio 
cese, (composed of the States of New Hampshire, Massa 
chusetts, Rhode Island, and Vermont); the Right Rev. 
Theodore Dehon, D. D. of the Diocese of South Carolina ; 
the Right Rev. Richard Chanriing Moore, D. D. of the Dio 
cese of Virginia ; the Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D. of 
the Diocese of Maryland ; and the Right Rev. John Croes, 
D. D. of the Diocese of New Jersey ; met in the Vestry- 
Room of Trinity Church at half past six o'clock P. M. 

Agreeably to the established rules of order of the House 
of Bishops, the Right Rev. Bishop White, being senior 
Bishop, took the chair as presiding Bishop in the house. 

The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk was appointed Secre 
tary to the house. 

The Rev. Dr. How, and the Rev. Mr. Butler, as a com 
mittee from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, brought 
information that the said house was organized, and ready to 
proceed to business ; and they were requested to state to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that the House of 
Bishops was also readv to proceed to business. 

484 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 485 

Resolved, That the following message be transmitted, 
by the Secretary of this house, to the House of Clerical and 
'Lay Deputies. 

The House of Bishops inform the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that as they deem it proper to have the busi 
ness of the Convention opened by the celebration of divine 
service, they propose an adjournment until to-morrow morn 
ing, at the hour publicly notified for said service. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies agreeing to the 
above proposal, the House of Bishops accordingly adjourned 
until to-morrow morning at half past ten o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, May 21. 

The Bishops attended Divine Service in Trinity Church 
with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, at half past 
ten o'clock A. M. Morning Prayer was celebrated by the 
Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D. D. of New York, President of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and a sermon, adapted 
to the occasion of the meeting of the Convention, was de 
livered by the Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D. 
of the Eastern Diocese. The Holy Communion was then 
administered, agreeably to a resolution of the last Conven 
tion, by the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, assisted by 
other Bishops present. After Divine Service the house 
assembled in the Vestry-Room. Present as yesterday. 

The Rev. Dr. Harris, and the Rev. Dr. Beasley, inform 
ed this house, that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
had passed a resolution to tender the thanks of this Conven 
tion to the Right Rev. Bishop Griswold, for the sermon 
preached by him this morning, and request a copy for publi 
cation. 

Resolved, That this house concur with the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies in the above resolution. The 
Secretary was ordered to communicate this concurrence to 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A communication was received from the Secretary of a 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State 
of North Carolina, containing a copy of the Journal of said 
Convention ; from which it appeared that they had acceded 



486 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

to the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States of America, and desired to be received 
into union with the General Convention thereof. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That this Convention have re 
ceived with great satisfaction the aforesaid communication, 
and recognize the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State 
of North Carolina as a member of this union. 

Resolved, That the foregoing resolution be sent to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for their concurrence ; 
and that the documents from North Carolina be also sent to 
that house. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr. Beasley, stating, that they 
were ready to adjourn until nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

On motion, Resolved, That this house adjourn until the 
same time. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



THURSDAY, May 22. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. Present as 
yesterday. The minutes of the proceedings on Tuesday and 
Wednesday were read, and approved. 

The following communication was received from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, by the Rev. Dr 
Wharton : 

" The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concur with 
the House of Bishops, in admitting the Convention of the 
Church in North Carolina as a member of this union." 

Resolved, That the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
be informed that this house is ready to adjourn for the at 
tendance of the Bishops on public worship. 

Adjourned accordingly. 

Morning Prayer was celebrated by the Rev. Frederic 
Beasley, D. D, of Pennsylvania; and a sermon preached 
by the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop. After which the 
house again met. Present as before. 

The following report, with documents accompanying, 
was made by the presiding Bishop, upon the subjects there 
in mentioned, which had been submitted to him by the 
Convention. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 487 

REPORT. 

The subscriber, the presiding Bishop of this house, sub 
mits to his brethren a report, on two subjects committed 
to him by the General Convention of 1811, and recognized 
by that of 1814 ; and on another subject, which originated 
in the Convention the last referred to. 

One of the subjects was an application from the Church 
in the State of Vermont, to the Soicety ( in England ) for 
Propagating the Gospel. It was committed to the subcri- 
ber, to certify to that venerable body, certain facts in favour 
of the application. At the time of the last General Conven 
tion, he had not been furnished with the necessary docu 
ments ; there having been an intended delay of the design, 
owing to the circumstances of the public concerns. The 
desire of the Convention has been since complied with ; and 
the necessary communications were sent by the Honorable 
and Rev. Mr. Stewart, lately of the Province of Quebec, on 
his return to England. 

The next subject was the taking of preparatory measures 
for the organizing of the Church in the States, and parts of 
States, westward of the Alleghany mountains. The sub 
scriber has had some correspondence on the subject; and 
has provided, so far as is in his power, for a comprehension 
of the counties of Pennsylvania westward of said moun 
tains, under the projected organization ; although on such 
terms as shall not destroy the unity of the Church in that 
State. Relatively to the contemplated measure, there have 
been sent to the subscriber sundry documents from the 
Western States, herewith delivered. It is understood, that 
there is now in this city, a lay gentleman, commissioned to 
confer with the Convention on their contents. 

The last subject referred to, is the republication of the 
Journals, with the Constitution, the Canons, and the 
Pastoral Letters, under the superintendence of the subcrib- 
er. This has been accomplished in an octavo volume, by 
Mr. John Bioren, bookseller, of Philadelphia. A considera 
ble number of the books is now for sale in this city, in the 
hands of Messrs. Swords, booksellers. It is to be hoped, 
that the members of this Convention either have taken, or 
will take such measures in the States to which they re- 



488 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

spectively belong, as may prevent Mr. Bioren from suffer 
ing loss, and even ensure to him a gain, from this his 
exertion to serve the Church. 

WILLIAM WHITE. 

Whereupon, Resolved That the thanks of the Conven 
tion be presented to the presiding Bishop, for his attention 
to these subjects, and his communication now made con 
cerning them. 

Among the documents accompanying the above commu 
nications, were petitions from several congregations and 
Episcopalians inhabiting the western country, asking leave 
to form a Convention, to include, for the present, all the 
western country, to be placed, provisionally, under the care 
of the Bishop of Pennsylvania. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That the General Convention 
cherish a lively interest in the spiritual concerns of their 
brethren in the western country, and are exceedingly solici 
tous to extend among them the ministrations of our Church. 

Resolved, That it is expedient to enact the following 
Canon : 

" A Canon limiting the operation of the 2d and 37th 
Canons." * 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Episcopal 
congregations in the States referred to in the above com 
munications, where Conventions are not already organized, 
to organize Conventions, which may be received into union 
with this Convention, and, when expedient, may unite, 
according to the Canons, in the choice of a Bishop, having 
jurisdiction over those States ; and that this Convention 
have received with much satisfaction information of the 
measures which have been already adopted in the State of 
Ohio, for the organization of the Church in that State. 

Resolved, That though the measure of a Convention 
comprising sundry States in the western country, may be a 
measure of temporary expediency, it cannot be authorized 
by this Convention consistently with the general Constitu 
tion of the Church, which recognizes only a Convention of 
the Church in each State. 

/ 

* The Canon is published, with the others passed at this session, at the 
end of the Journal. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 489 

Resolved, That it be earnestly recommended to the 
authorities of this Church, in each State respectively, to 
adopt measures for sending Missionaries to our destitute 
brethren in the Western States. Such Missionaries to be 
subject to the direction of the ecclesiastical authority of the 
State or States in which they may officiate. 

Resolved, That the presiding Bishop be requested to 
transmit the foregoing resolutions to such person or persons 
as he may judge proper. 

The following communication from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies was handed to this House by the Rev. 
Dr. Wilkins : 

" The Rev. Dr. Wilkins was appointed a committee, to 
unite with a committee on the part of the House of Bishops, 
to receive from the Right Rev. Bishop Griswold the copy of 
his sermon preached before the Convention vesterday morn- 

ing." 

The Right Rev. Bishop Hobart was appointed the com 
mittee of this house for the above mentioned purpose. 

The Rev. Mr. Rudd appeared from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, with information that that body were 
ready to adjourn until nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Resolved, That this house adjourn until the same time. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



FRIDAY, May 23. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. Present as 
yesterday. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The report of the presiding Bishop, which was yesterday 
read, together with the documents accompanying, and the 
resolutions founded thereon, was transmitted to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Resolved, That this house adjourn for the purpose of 
attending Divine Service; and that notice of this resolution 
be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Notice was accordingly sent and the house adjourned. 

Morning prayer was celebrated by the Rev. William H. 



490 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

Wilmer, of Virginia, President of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, and a sermon preached by the Right 
Rev. Theodore Dehon, D. D., of South Carolina. 

After which the house again met. Present as before. 

The following communication was handed to the house 
by the Rev. Mr. Rudd : 

" The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies respectfully 
inform the House of Bishops, that they have concurred in 
the adoption of the 'Canon limiting the 2d and 37th 
Canons ; ' and that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
concur in the resolutions accompanying said Canon." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, through the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, informing 
that that house was ready to adjourn until to-morrow morn 
ing at nine o'clock. 

Resolved, That this house adjourn until the same hour. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



SATURDAY, May 24. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read, and 
approved. 

Agreeably to a resolution of the last General Convention, 
referring it to the Bishops, and, where there are no Bishops, 
to the Standing Committees, to inquire in the respective 
Dioceses or States, and to consider for themselves concern 
ing the expediency of establishing a Theological Seminary, 
to be conducted under the authority of this Church, and to 
report to this Convention; the Bishops composing this 
house, rendered their respective reports. 

Resolved, That this house adjourn for the purpose of 
attending Divine Service; and that information of this res 
olution be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned accordingly. 

Morning prayer was celebrated by the Rev. Oliver Norris, 
of Virginia, and a sermon preached by the Right Rev. 
Richard C. Moore, D. D., of the same Diocese. 

The house then again assembled for business. 

The reports of the Bishops on the subject of a Theological 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 491 

Seminary were transmitted to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

Resolved, That a committee of this house be appointed 
to take into consideration the "table of kindred and 
affinity" on the subject of marriage, established by the 
civil and ecclesiastical laws of England, and to report to the 
next Convention. 

Resolved, That said committee consist of the presiding 
Bishop and two other members of this house. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, and the Right Rev. 
Bishop Croes, were accordingly appointed. 

Resolved, That the following be entered on the Journal 
of this house, and be communicated to the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies. 

The House of Bishops, impressed with the importance of 
informing the youth and others in the Doctrines, Constitu 
tion, and Liturgy of the Church, deem it their duty to call 
the attention of the Clergy to the 22d Canon, which enjoins 
on them diligence in catechetical instruction and lectures. 
The Bishops consider these as among the most important 
duties of clergymen, and among the most effectual means 
of promoting religious knowledge and practical piety. 

Resolved, That the house adjourn until Monday morn 
ing, nine o'clock ; and that information of this resolution 
be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned accordingly. 



MONDAY, May 26. 

The house met. Present as on Saturday. 

The minutes of the proceedings on Saturday were read, 
and approved. 

The presiding Bishop read a letter from Mr. A. Robert 
son, Secretary of the American Academy of the Fine Arts, 
directed to the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, and enclosing 
tickets of admission to the exhibition of the gallery of said 
Academy, sent by order of the President and Board of Di 
rectors of the same, to the members of this house, with an 
invitation to them to visit the gallery as often as convenient 
during their stay in this city. 



492 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

Whereupon, -Resolved, That the Eight Rev. Bishop 
Hobart be requested to present, through Mr. Robertson, to 
the President and Directors of the Academy, the acknowl 
edgements of the members of this house ; and an assurance 
of the pleasure it will afford them, should the business of 
the Convention permit, to avail themselves of their polite 
invitation. 

"A Canon to govern in the case of a minister declaring 
that he will no longer be a minister of this Church," was 
proposed and adopted. 

Resolved, That the house adjourn for the purpose of 
attending Divine Service ; and that information of this step 
be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned accordingly. 

Morning prayer was celebrated by the Rev. William E. 
Wyatt, of Maryland, and a sermon preached by the Right 
Rev. James Kemp, D. D., of the same Diocese. 

After which the house again met. Present as before. 

"A Canon for carrying into effect the design of the sec 
ond " Rubric before the Communion Service " was proposed 
and adopted. 

This, together with the other Canon passed this morning, 
was sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for 
their concurrence. 

The report of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
on the state of the Church, sent to this house, agreeably to 
the requisitions of the 45th Canon, was read, and commit 
ted to the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, with a request 
that he would draw up the Pastoral Letter of this house, 
contemplated by the said Canon, and requested by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

After which, on information that the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies had adjourned until six o'clock this 
evening, 

Resolved, That this house adjourn until the same time. 

Adjourned accordingly. 

Six o'clock, P. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. Present as 
before. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Hobart stated to the house, that 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 493 

there is in the city of New York the Church du St. Esprit, 
which was erected in an early period of the province, by 
Protestant emigrants from the kingdom of France. It 
appears that the Church is now under the superintendence 
of Bishop Hobart that there is still a portion of the con 
gregation who worship in the French language that he 
has lately ordained, and instituted as their Rector, the Rev. 
Mr. Peneveyre, a native of Switzerland, and that this cler 
gyman officiates according to a French translation of the 
Liturgy of this Church. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That it be recommended to the 
Right Rev. Bishop Hobart to cause the said French Liturgy 
to be examined, in order to ascertain how far the translation 
is correct; and to confirm the use thereof, with such amend 
ments and improvements as the case may call for; and to 
declare it to be the Liturgy which may be used by any min 
ister of this Church who may officiate in a congregation to 
whom the French language is familiar. 

Resolved, That the above provision be extended to a 
translation in the French language of the Book of Psalms 
and Hymns in metre, and of any of the Offices comprehend 
ed in the worship of this Church. 

The above resolutions were sent to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies for their concurrence. 

The following resolutions were then proposed and adopt 
ed: 

Resolved, That it is expedient to establish, for the bet 
ter education of the candidates for holy orders in this 
Church, a general Theological Seminary, which may have 
the united support of the whole Church in these United 
States, and be under the superintendence and control of the 
General Convention. 

Resolved, That this seminary be located in the city of 
New York. 

Resolved, That persons be appointed by the House 

of Bishops to visit the several parts of the United States, 
and solicit contributions towards funds for founding and en 
dowing such an institution. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed, to consist of 
the presiding Bishop, and the Bishops of this Church in 
New York and New Jersey, with three clergymen, and three 



494 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

laymen, to be appointed by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies; which committee shall be empowered to receive 
and manage such funds as shall be collected to devise a 
plan for establishing and carrying into operation such an in 
stitution; which plan shall be communicated to the several 
Bishops of this Church and in the event of sufficient 
funds being t obtained, if a majority of the Bishops shall 
have approved the plan,' to carry it into immediate operation. 

These resolutions were sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies for their concurrence. 

And this house adjourned until nine o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 



TUESDAY^ May 27. 

The house met. Present as yesterday. 

Kesolved, That the following be entered on the Journal 
of this house, and be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, to be read therein : 

The House of Bishops, solicitous for the preservation of 
the purity of the Church, and the piety of its members, are 
induced to impress upon the clergy the important duty, 
with a discreet but earnest zeal, of warning the people of 
their respective cures, of the danger of an indulgence in 
those worldly pleasures which may tend to withdraw the 
affections from spiritual things. And especially on the sub 
ject of gaming, of amusements involving cruelty to the 
brute creation, and of theatrical representations, to which 
some peculiar circumstances have called their attention, 
they do not hesitate to express their unanimous opinion, 
that these amusements, as well from their licentious tend 
ency, as from the strong temptations to vice which they 
afford, ought not to be frequented. And the Bishops 
cannot refrain from expressing their deep regret at the 
information that in some of our large cities, so little respect 
is paid to the feelings of the members of the Church, that 
theatrical representations are fixed for the evenings of her 
most solemn festivals. 

A copy of the foregoing was accordingly sent to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 495 

Kesolved, That this house adjourn for the purpose of 
attending Divine Service; and that information of this step 
be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned accordingly. 

Morning Prayer was celebrated by the Rev. Charles H. 
Wharton, D. D., of New Jersey, and a sermon preached by 
the Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., of the same Diocese. 

The house then again assembled. Present as before. 

The Minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The presiding Bishop proposed a Pastoral Letter to the 
members of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States which Letter was unanimously adopted by this 
house, to be published agreeably to the provisions of the 
45th Canon; and was sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

Agreeably to a reference made to the members of this 
house by the last General Convention, to consider the pro 
priety of granting a copy-right in the Book of Common 
Prayer, the following report was adopted, and sent to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

The House of Bishops, on the subject referred to them by 
the last General Convention, relatively to the granting of a 
copy-right in the Book of Common Prayer, report as their 
opinion, and as the opinion prevalent in their respective 
Dioceses, so far as they are informed, that the said measure 
ought not to be adopted. 

The two following resolutions were adopted and ordered 
to be s,ent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

Resolved, That it is expedient to alter the first article 
of the Constitution of this Church, so far as it fixes the 
time of the meeting of the General Convention thereof, by 
striking out the words "third Tuesday in May, in the year 
of our Lord 1808, and on the third Tuesday in May;" and 
inserting instead thereof, the words -first Tuesday in Octo 
ber, in the year of our Lord 1823, and on the first Tuesday 
in October. 

Resolved, That in conformity with the 9th article of the 
Constitution, the Secretaries of this Convention, after the 
adjournment thereof, make known the proposed alteration 
to the several State Conventions. 



496 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

It was then Resolved, That this house adjourn until 
half past six o'clock this evening, and that information 
thereof be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Half past six o'clock, P. M. 

The house met. Present as before. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating the concurrence of that 
house in the resolution of the House of Bishops, on the sub 
ject of a Theological Seminary in the report of the House 
of Bishops on the subject of a copy-right in the Book of 
Common Prayer and in the resolutions of the House of 
Bishops on the subject of the Book of Common Prayer in 
the French language. 

A Canon " to govern in the case of a minister declaring 
that he will no longer be a minister of this Church;" and a 
Canon "for carrying into effect the design of the second 
Rubric before the Communion Service;" which were adopt 
ed yesterday in this house, and sent to the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies, were received from that house with 
the concurrence of the same. 

Resolved, That the blank in the third resolution on the 
subject of a Theological Seminary, be filled with the word 
three. 

This resolution was sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and returned with their concurrence. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That this house proceed now to 
the appointments contemplated by the third resolution on 
the subject of a Theological Seminary. , 

Resolved, That the Rev. Daniel Burhans, of Newtown, 
in Connecticut, be appointed to visit the States of New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, and 
Connecticut; that the Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of the 
city of New York, be appointed to visit the States of New 
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland; 
and that the Rev. William H. Wilmer, of Alexandria, in 
the District of Columbia, be appointed to visit the States 
of Virginia, North Corolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; 
to solicit contributions for the founding and endowing of the 
Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 497 

Resolved, That the above gentlemen be furnished by 
the presiding Bishop each with a certificate of his appoint 
ment, and a copy of the resolutions of the Convention on 
this subject; and further, that they be authorized to defray 
their expenses from the monies which they may obtain for 
the promotion of the business committed to them, and that 
they render a detailed account of their receipts and expend 
itures to the committee who have care of this business. 

Resolved, That in the event of either of the above gen 
tlemen declining his appointment, or being removed from 
opportunity to discharge its duties, by death, his place may 
be filled by the above mentioned committee. 

Resolved, That the gentlemen hereby appointed, or 
substitutes which may be chosen agreeably to the last reso 
lution, shall be subject to any instruction or advice which 
the committee above mentioned may deem it expedient to 
give. 

On motion, Resolved, That the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies be requested to appoint a committee on the 
part of that house, to unite with the Right Rev. Bishop 
Hobart, on the part of this house, to superintend the print 
ing of the Journal of this Convention, the Pastoral Letter 
of the House of Bishops, and the Sermon of the Right Rev. 
Bishop Griswold. 

This resolution was sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, who returned for answer, that they had appointed 
the Rev. Dr. How, the Rev. Mr. Rudd, and Mr. William 
Ogden, for the purpose specified. 

The following extract from the Journal of the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies was received from that house, 
and read : 

" On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house 
be presented to the Right Rev. the Bishops who have 
preached before this Convention during the present session-, 
and that they be requested to furnish copies of their sermons 
for publication." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating two resolutions the first, 
that the House of Bishops be requested to appoint one of 
their own order to preach at the opening of the next Gen 
eral Convention; and the second, that the next session of 
the General Convention be holden in the city of Philadelphia. 



498 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

The Secretary of this house was directed to inform the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that with the Divine 
permission, the Right Rev. Bishop Dehon will preach at the 
opening of the next General Convention; and that this 
house concur in the resolution, to hold the meeting of said 
Convention in the city of Philadelphia. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house, that the Rev. Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Dr. How, the 
Rev. Dr. Harris, the Hon. Rufus King, William Meredith, 
Esq., and the Hon. Charles F. Mercer, had been appointed, 
agreeably to the provisions of the fourth resolution, on the 
subject of a Theological Seminary. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information that that house concurred 
in the proposed alteration to the first article of the Con 
stitution. 

The following extract from the Journal of the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies was received by this house and 
read : 

" Resolved, That the Right Rev. the House of Bishops 
be respectfully requested to designate and establish some 
specific edition of the Old and New Testaments, without 
note or comment, to be considered as the authentic version 
or standard by which the genuineness of all copies of the 
Holy Scriptures used by the members of this Church, is to 
be ascertained; thereby, to secure them against perversions, 
and the people of our communion from error, either in dis 
cipline or doctrine." 

Whereupon, the following resolution was adopted, and or 
dered to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House of Bishops, deeming the fulfilment of the 
request of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, on the 
subject of an authentic version of the Holy Bible, a matter 
requiring very serious attention and deliberation, resolve, 
that its members will give such attention and deliberation to 
the subject, previously to the next meeting of the General 
Convention, and report at the said meeting. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information that that house was ready 
to rise, and requested the House of Bishops to unite with 
them in closing the session of the Convention with solemn 
Prayer. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 499 

Kesolved, That this house will attend in the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, for the purpose specified in the 
above message. 

The presiding Bishop officiated, by the use of several ap 
propriate Prayers and Collects of the Liturgy; and dismissed 
the members of the Convention with the Blessing. 

After which the house adjourned sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D. D., 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested : BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, Secretary. 



mans 

PASSED IN GENERAL CONVENTION, 1817. 

CANON I. Limiting the Operation of the second and the 
thirty-seventh Canons. 

In the event of their being a Bishop consecrated for any State or States 
westward of the Alleghany Mountains, it shall be lawful for the Episcopal 
congregations in Pennsylvania and Virginia, westward of the said mount 
ains, or for those of either of the said States, to place themselves, with the 
consent of the Bishops of these States respectively, under the provisionary 
superintendence of the Bishop the first referred to ; the thirty-seventh 
Canon to the contrary notwithstanding. Further; it shall be lawful for 
such congregations in Pennsylvania, and for those in Virginia, the ma 
jority in each case concurring, to unite in Convention with the Church in 
any western State or States. These provisions are to cease whenever the 
consent for the continuance of them on the part of the Bishop of the 
Church in Pennsylvania or in Virginia, as the case may be, with the ap 
probation of the General Convention, shall be withdrawn. In the case 
above referred to. the number of Clergymen specified in the second Canon 
shall not be requisite. 

CANON II. To govern in the Case of a Minister declaring 
that he will no longer be a Minister of this Church. 

If any minister of this Church shall declare to the Bishop of the Dio 
cese to which he belongs, or to any Ecclesiastical authority for the trial 
of clergymen, or, where there is no Bishop, to the Standing Committee, 
his renunciation of the ministry, and his design not to officiate in future 
in any of the offices thereof; it shall be the duty of the Bishop, or, where 
there is no Bishop, of the Standing Committee, to record the declaration 
go made. And it shall be the duty of the Bishop to admonish or to BUS- 



500 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817, 

pend him, and to pronounce and record, in the presence of two or three 
clergymen, that the person so declaring has been admonished, or suspend 
ed, or displaced from his grade of the ministry in this Church. In any 
Diocese in which there is no Bishop, the same sentence may be pronounced 
by the Bishop of any other Diocese, invited by the Standing Committee to 
attend for that purpose. In the case of displacing from the ministry as 
above provided for, it shall be the duty of the Bishop to give notice there 
of to every Bishop of this Church, and to the Standing Committee in 
every Diocese wherein there is no Bishop. 

CANON III. For carrying into Effect the design of the 
second Kubric before the Communion Service. 

There being the provision in the second Rubric before the Communion 
Service, requiring that every minister repelling from the Communion, 
shall give an account of the same to the ordinary ; it is hereby provided, 
that on the information to the effect stated being laid before the ordinary, 
that is the Bishop, it shall not be his duty to institute an inquiry, unless 
there be complaint made to him in writing by the expelled party. But on 
receiving complaint, it shall be the duty of the Bishop to institute an in 
quiry, as may be directed by the Canons of the Diocese in which the event 
has taken place. And the notice given as above by the minister shall be 
a sufficient presentation of the party expelled, for the purpose of trial. 

Done in General Convention, at New York, in the month of May, in 
the year of our Lord 1817. 

Br OEDEE OF THE HOUSE OP BISHOPS : 
WILLIAM WHITE, D.D., 

PRESIDING BISHOP. 
Attested : BENJAMIN T. ONDEEDONK, Secretary. 

BY OEDEP. or THE HOUSE OP CLEEICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

WILLIAM H. WILMEB, PBESIDENT. 
Attested: ASHBEL BALDWIN, Secretary. 



ojf 



OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States of America. 

Delivered in, and published agreeably to the 41st Canon. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont, and 

Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rector of St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 
The Rev. John H. Fowle, Rector of Church, Holderness. 
The Rev. Daniel Barber, Rector of Union Church, Claremont. 
The Rev. Joseph R. Andrus, Missionary in Concord, Hopkinton, and 
Bradford. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Asa Eaton, Rector of Christ Church, Boston, St. Mary's, Newton, 
and Christ Church, Cambridge. 

The Rev. James Morss, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 

The Rev. Amos Pardee, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough. 

The Rev. Samuel Griswold, Rector of St. James's Church, Great Barring- 
ton, and Church. Lenox. 

The Rev. Titus Strong, Rector of St. James's Church, Greenfield. 

The Rev. Thomas Carlile, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Salem. 

The Rev. George S. White, Missionary in Bridgewater, and other places, j 

The Rev. Chever Felch, Deacon, Chaplain in the Navy, residing at Boston, 
and occasionally officiating in vacant churches. 

The Rev. Gideon W. Olney, Deacon, Minister of St. Ann's Church, Gar 
diner. 

The Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, Deacon, Minister of St. Andrew's Church, 
Hanover. 

The Rev. William Montague, residing at Dedham. 

The Rev. James Bowers. 

501 



502 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Manchester and Arlington. 

The Rev. Stephen Beach, Deacon, Fairfield, Sheldon, and St. Albans. 

The Rev. George T. Chapman, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Rut 
land, and Immanuel Church, Bellows' Falls. 

The Rev. George Leonard, Deacon, officiating in the eastern parts of the 
State. 

RHODE-ISLAND. 

The Right Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, D.D., Rector of St. Michael's 

Church, Bristol. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, Rector of St. John's Church, Providence. 
The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 
The Rev. John L. Blake, Rector of St. Paul s Church, North Providence. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., of New York, performing 

Episcopal offices under the 20th Canon of the General Convention, 

by invitation of the Convention of the Diocese. 
The Rev. Richard Mansfield, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, Derby, and 

Church, Great Hill. ' 

The Rev. John Tyler, Rector of Christ Church, Norwich. 

The Rev. William Smith, D. D., residing at Milford. 

The Rev. Philo Shelton, Rector of St. John's Church, Stratfield, and 

Trinity Church Fairfield. 

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Stratford. 
The Rev. Tillotson Brownson, D.D., Principal of the Episcopal Academy, 

Cheshire. 

The Rev. Chauncy Prindle, residing at Oxford. 

The Rev. Reuben Ives, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Cheshire and officiat 
ing in the Churches in Hamden, Wallingford, Southington and 

Meriden. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 
The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 
The Rev. Solomon Blakesly, Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 
The Rev. Smith Miles, Rector of the Churches at Chatham and Glasten- 

bury. 
The Rev. Menzies Rayner, Rector of the Churches in Huntington. 

The Rev. Calvin White, Assistant Minister of Church, Derby. 

The RPV. Roger Searle, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Plymouth. 
The Rev. Asa Cornwal, Assistant in the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 
The Rev. Jonathan Judd, Rector of the Churches in Stamford and 

Horseneck. 
The Rev. Elijah G. Plnmb, Minister of the Churches in Branford, East 

Haven, North Branford and Northford. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benham, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford, 

and the Churches of Bridgewater and Brookfield. 
The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of the Churches of Guilford, North 

Guilford and North Bristol. 

The Rev. Joseph D. Wilton, Minister of Trinity Church, Trumbull. 
The Rev. Isaac Jones, Assistant Minister of the Churches in Litchfield. 

The Rev. Sturges Gilbert, Minister of Church, Woodbury. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Huse, Minister of the Churches in Simsbury and 

Qranby. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 503 

The Rev. Frederick Holcomb, Minister of the Churches in Watertown 

and Northfield. 

The Rev. Birdsey G. Nobles, Rector of Christ Church, Middletown. 
The Rev. Jasper D. Jones, residing at Simsbury. 
The Rev. Harry Croswell, Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven. 
The Rev. Reuben Hubbard, Rector of the Churches in Danbury, Reading, 

and Ridgefield. 

The Rev. Reuben Sherwood, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. 
The Rev. Aaron Humphrey, Rector of the Churches in Oxford. 
The Rev. Nathan B. Surges, residing at Li tch field. 
The Rev. Alpheus Gear, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury. 
The Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, 

Hartford. 
The Rev. Charles Smith, Deacon, Minister of Church, Wilton. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D., Bishop, and Rector of Trinity 

Church, including St. Pauls and St. John's Chapels, New York. 
The Rev. Parker Adams, Rector of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, Rens- 

selaer County, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga County. 
The Rev. Henry Anthon, Deacon, Minister of Church, Redhook, 

Dutchess County. 
The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida 

County. 
The Rev. Theodosius Bartow, Rector of- Trinity Church, New Rochelle, 

Westchester County. 

The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, Deacon, Minister of Christ Church, Hudson. 
The Rev. William Berrian, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 

York. 
The Rev. John Bowden, D.D., Professor of Rhetoric and Moral Philosophy, 

in Columbia College, New York 

The Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., Rector of Grace Church, New York. 
The Rev. John Brown, Minister of St. George's Church, Newburgh 

Orange County. 
The Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Letters, 

Union College, Schenectady. 
The Rev. Nathaniel F. Bruce, M. D., Deacon, Minister of Christ Church, 

Duanesburgh, Schenectady County. 
The Rev. Barzillai Bulkley, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 

Long Island. 
The Rev. David Butler, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Troy, Rensselaer 

County. 
The Rev. Richard F. Cadle, Deacon, Minister of St. Luke's Church, 

Goshen, Orange County. 

The Rev. Orin Clark, Rector of Trinity Church, Geneva, Ontario County. 
The Rev. William A. Clark, Missionary, Manlius, Onondaga County, and 

the counties adjacent. 

The Rev. Timothy Clowes, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. 
The Rev. William Creighton, Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Asahel Davis, Deacon. 
The Rev. N. Felch, residing in Putnam County. 

The Rev. Henry J. Feltus, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Missionary, Albany and Green Counties. 



504 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

The Rev Ezekiel G. Gear, Deacon, Missionary, Onondaga County, and 

Counties adjacent. 
The Rev. Charles W. Hamilton, Deacon, Missionary, Washington County, 

and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. William Hammel, residing in New York. 

The Rev. William Harris, D.D., President of Columbia College, New York. 
The Rev. Seth Hart, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, including 

Christ Chapel, North Hempstead, Long Island. 
The Rev. Samuel Haskill, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, Westchester 

County. 
The Rev. Thomas Y. How, D. D., Assistant Rector of Trinity Church, 

New York. 

The Rev. David Huntington, Stamford. Delaware County. 
The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, Rector of St. James's Church, Hamilton 

Square, and Minister of St Michael's Church, Bloomingdale, New 

York. 

The Rev. Stephen Jewett, Missionary in Washington County. 
The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson, Minister of St. James's Church, New 

Town, Long Island. 
The Rev. Samuel Johnston, Deacon, Missionary, Genesee and Niagara 

Counties. 

The Rev. Cave Jones, residing in the City of New York. 
The Rev. Ravaud Kearney, Minister of St. Paul's Church, East Chester, 

West Chester County. 
The Rev. William B. Lacey, Missionary in Chenango County, and parts 

adj acent. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, Rector of Christ Church, New York. 
The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, Principal of the Academy, Fairfield, Herki- 

mer County, and officiating in the Church there. 

The Rev. John M'Vickar, Rector of St. James's Church, Hyde Park, Dutch- 
ess County. 

The Rev. James Milnor, Rector of St. George's Church, New York. 
The Rev. David Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, including Trinity 

Chapel, Staten Island. 
The Rev. Daniel Nash, Missionary, and Rector of the Churches in Otsego 

County. 
The Rev. Samuel Nicholls, Deacon, Tutor in the Academy, Fairfield, 

Herkimer County 

The Rev. William H. Northrop, Deacon. 
The Rev. George W. Norton, Deacon, Ontario County. 
The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, an Assistant Minister of Trinity 

Church, New York. 
The Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, M. D., Missionary, Canandaigua, Ontario 

County, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Henri L. P. F. Peneveyre, Rector of the French Church, Du St. 

Esprit, New York. 
The Rev. Joseph Perry, Rector of St. James' Church, Milton, and Christ 

Church, Ballston, Saratoga County. 
The Rev. William Powell, Minister of St. John's Church, Yonkers, West 

Chester County. 
The Rev. Joseph Prentice, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, and St. 

Luke's Church, Catekill, Green County. 
The Rev. John Reed, Rector of Christ Church. Poughkeepsie, Dutchesa 

County. 



1817.] 



JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 505 



The Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, Missionary at Turin, Lewis County, and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Minister of Grace Church, Jamaica, Long 

Island. 
The Rev. Charles Seabury, Rector of Caroline Church, Brookhaven, and 

Missionary to Huntington and Islip, Long Island. 
The Rev. Hugh Smith, Deacon, officiating in Grace Church, New York. 
The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 
The Rev. Fetrus S. Ten Broeck, Minister of Trinity Church, Fishkill, and 

St. Philip's Church, Phillips Town, Dutchess County, and St. Peter's 

Church, Peekskill, Putnam County. 

The Rev. James Thompson, Missionary, Greene and Delaware Counties. 
The Rev. F. Vanhorne, residing in Coldenham. 
The Rev. George Weller, Missionary, West Chester County. 
The Rev. Alanson W. Welton, Missionary, Ontario and adjacent Counties. 
The Rev. Eli Wheeler, Rector of -St. John's Church, Johnstown, Mont 
gomery County. 
The Rev Russel Wheeler, Missionary, Harmony Church, Butternuts; St. 

Matthew's Church, Unadilla, Otsego County, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D.D.. Rector of St. Peter's Church, West Chester. 
The Rev. Joseph Willard, residing in New York. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Christ Church, 
New Brunswick. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, D. D., residing near New Brunswick. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Rector of St. Mary's Church, Bur 
lington. 

The Rev. John C. Rudd, Rector of St. John's Church, Elizabeth Town. 

The Rev. Simon Wilmer, Rector of Trinity Church, Swedesborough. 

The Rev. James Chapman, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 

The Rev. John Croes, jun., Rector of Christ Church, Shrewsbury. 

The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, Rector of Trinity Church, Newark. 

The Rev. George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Mount 
Holly. 

The Rev. Daniel Higbee, Minister of St. Mary's Church, Colestown ; St. 
John's Church, Salem ; and St. George's Church, Penn's Neck. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, Deacon, Minister of St. Michael's Church, 
Trenton. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Stratton, Deacon, Missionary. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Bishop, senior of the American 
Church, presiding in the House of Bisnops and Rector of Christ 
Church, St. Peter s, and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., senior Assistant Minister of Christ 
Church, St. Peter's, and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John Campbell, Rector of Church, Carlisle. 



506 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1817. 

The Rev. Joseph Turner, residing in Southwark, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Slator Clay, Rector of St. James', Perkiomen, and St. Peter's, 

Great Vallev. 
The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, Rector of St. James', Lancaster, St. John's, 

Peqnea, and Bangor Church, Church Town. 
The Rev. James Wiltbank, one of the Collegiate Masters of the Latin 

School in the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Robert Ayres, residing in Brownsville. 

The Rev. Francis Reno, officiating in the Counties of Beaver and Alleghany. 
The Rev. Absalom Jones (a colored man), Rector of the African Church 

of St. Thomas, Philadelphia. 
The Rev. John Taylor, residing in Pittsburgh. 
The Rer. Levi Bull, Rector of St. Gabriel's, Berks County, and St. 

Mary's, Chester County. 

The Rev. John Armstrong, Rector of St. John's, Yorktown. 
The Rev. Jackson Kemper, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 

Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rector of St. James the Greater's, Bristol. 
The Rev. George Boyd, Rector of St. John's Church, Northern Liberties, 

Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Abiel Carter, Rector of Trinitv Church, Pittsburgh. 
The Rev. George Sheets, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Oxford, and 

All Saints, Lower Dublin. 
The Rev. Samuel Phinney, officiating at Wilkesbarre, and in the Counties 

of Bradford and Susquehannah. 

The Rev. Jacob Morgan Douglass, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Thomas P. May, Deacon, residing in Montgomery County. 
The Rev. Charles M. Dupuy, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 
The Rev. Joseph R. Walker, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, Rector of Emanuel's Church, Newcastle. 
The Rev. William Wickes, Rector of Trinity Church, Wilmington. 
The Rev. William Pryce, residing in Wilmington. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Paul's 
Parish, including Christ Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, Associate Minister of St. Paul's Parish, Balti 
more. 

The Rev. John V. Bartow, Rector of Trinity Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, Principal of an Academy in Baltimore. 

The Rev. John Allen, Teacher in Baltimore. 

The Rev. William Ninde, Teacher in Baltimore. 

The Rev. Joseph Jackson, Rector of St. John's, Washington County. 

The Rev. George Williams, Hector of St. Mark's, Frederick. 

The Rev. Frederick W. Hatch, Rector of All-Saints, Frederick Town. 

The Rev. Alfred Dashiell Deacon, Montgomery County. 

The Rev. Matthew Johnson, Rector of St. James's, Baltimore County. 

The Rev. Daniel Stephens, Rector of St. George's, Harford. 

The Rev. Nathan Wheaton, Deacon. 



1817.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 507 

The Rev. Walter D. Addison, Rector of St. John's, Georgetown, District 
of Columbia. 

The Rev. Ruel Keith, Assistant Minister of St. John's, Georgetown, Dis 
trict of Columbia. 

The Rev. William Hawley, Rector of St. John's Church, City of Wash 
ington. 

The Rev. Andrew C. M'Cormick, Rector of Church, City of Wash 
ington. 

The Rev. William Gibson, Rector of Queen Anne, Prince George's. 

The Rev. Ralph Williston, Rector of St. Paul's, Prince George's. 

The Rev. Noble Young, Rector of Church, Prince George's. 

The Rev. John Weems, Rector of Port Tobacco, Charles County. 

The Rev. Johu Brady, Rector of William and Mary, St. Mary's County. 

The Rev. Neale H. Shaw, Rector of All-Faith, St. Mary's. 

The Rev. John Bauzman, Rector of All-Saints, Calvert. 

The Rev. Purnell F. Smith, Rector of Christ Church, . 

The Rev. William Duncan, Rector of All-Hallows, Anne-Arundell. 

The' Rev. Henry L. Davis, Rector of St. Anne's, Annapolis. 

The Rev. William Duke, Residing in Elkton. 

The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, Principal of Washington College, Chester Town. 

The Rev. George D. S. Handy, residing in Kent County. 

The Rev. Samuel H. Turner, Rector of St. Paul's, Kent. 

The Rev. William J. Bulkley, Rector of St. Paul's, Queen Anne. 

The Rev. John Forman. 

The Rev. Thomas Bayne, Rector of St. Peter's, Talbot. 

The Rev. William M. Stone, Rector of Stepney, Somerset. 

The Rev. Thomas P. Irving, Teacher in Hagers' Town. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of 
the Monumental Church, City of Richmond. 

The Rev. John Buchanan, Rector of Henrico Parish. 

The Rev. William H. Hart, Assistant Minister of Henrico Parish. 

The Rev. John Dunn, Shelburn Parish, Loudon County. 

The Rev. Andrew Syme, Bristol Parish, Dinwiddie. 

The Rev. John Woodville, St. Mark's Parish, Culpepper. 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, St. Paul's Church, Alexandria, District of 
Columbia. 

The Rev. Oliver Norris, Christ Church, Alexandria, District of Columbia. 

The Rev. William Meade, Frederick Parish, Frederick County. 

The Rev. Alexander Balmain, D. D., Frederick Parish, Frederick County. 

The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, Deacon, St. George's Parish, Fredericks- 
burgh. 

The Rev. William King, Stanton Parish, Augusta. 

The Rev. Alexander Hay, Antrim Parish, Halifax County. 

The Rev. Hugh C. Boggs, Berkley Parish, Spotsylvania. 

The Rev. John P. Phillips, St. Martin's Parish, Hanover. 

The Rev. Thomas Hughs, Residing in Virginia. 

The Rev. Samuel Low, Christ Church, Norfolk Borough. 

The Rev. Charles Crawford, Amherst County. 

The Rev. William Crawford, Louisa County. 

The Rev. Armistead Smith, Matthews County. 

The Rev. John Ravenscroft, Mecklenburgh County. 

The Rev. John L. Bryan, Deacon, Berkley County. 



508 "JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1817.] 

The Rev. William Steele, Prince William. 

The Rev. Thomas Horrel, Berkley County. 

The Rev. George Lemon, Fauquier County. 

The Rev. George Michlejohn, (aged 100) Mecklenburgh. 

The Rev. Needier Rohinson, Chesterfield County. 

The Rev. John Bracken, D. D., Williamsburgh. 

The Rev. John Hyde Saunders, Cumberland. 

The Rev. John Seward, Lancaster County. 

The Rev. Benjamin J. Allen, Deacon, Jefferson County. 

The Rev. Robert S. Symes, Eastern Shore. 

The Rev. Jacob Keeling, Nansimond. 

The Rev. George Halson, residing near Norfolk. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., of Virginia, performing 
Episcopal offices under the 20th Canon of the General Convention, 
by invitation of the Convention of the Diocese. 

The Rev. Bethel Judd, Rector of St. John's Church, Fayetteville. 

The Rev. Jehu Curtis Clay, Rector of Christ Church, Newbern. 

The Rev. Adam Empie, Rector of St. James's Church, Wilmington. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. Theodore Dehon, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Micha 
el's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev Christopher Edwards Gadsden, D. D., Rector of St. Philip's 
Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. William Percy, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. Christian Hankel, Rector of Trinity Church, Columbia, and 
Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in South Carolina 
College. 

The Rev. Andrew Fowler, Rector of the Episcopal Church on Edisto 
Island. 

The Rev. John B. Campbell, Rector of St. Helena's Church, Beaufort. 

The Rev. Hugh Fraser, Rector of All Saints Parish, Waccamaw. 

The Rev. John Jacob Tschudy, Rector of St. John's, Berkeley. 

The Rev Charles B. Snowden, Rector of St. Stephen's Parish, and upper 
St. John's, Berkley. 

The Rev. Thomas Frost, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's Church, Charles 
ton. 

The Rev. Maurice H. Lance, Rector of Prince George's, Winyah, George 
town. 

The Rev. Philip Matthews, Rector of St. Helana's Church, on the Island 
of St. Helena. 

The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D., Assistant Minister of St. Paul's Church, 
Charleston. 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D., residing in St. George's Parish, Dorchester. 

The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., residing in the upper part of the State, 
without a cure. 

The Rev. Paul T. Gervais, residing in St. John's Parish, Colleton. 

The Rev. Milward Pogsoii, residing in" St. James's Parish, Goose-Creek. 

The Rev. Albert Muller, Deacon, Charleston. 

The next General Convention will be held in the city of 
Philadelphia, on the third Tuesday in May, A. D. 1820. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS, CLERGY, AND LAITY 



OP THE 





is r opal (Hjuprlj, 



IH 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



GENERAL CONTENTION- 



HELD IH 



ST. JAMES'S CHURCH, IK THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FEOM THE 

16TH TO THE 24TH DAY OF MAY INCLUSIVE, A. D. 1820. 

(509) 



510 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

The Eight Rev. William White, D. D. of Pennsylvania, 
presiding Bishop. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D. of New York. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D. of the 
Eastern Diocese. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D. of 
Virginia. 

The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D. of Maryland. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D. of New Jersey. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D. of South 
Carolina. 

The Right Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, D. D., LL. D. of 
Connecticut. 



CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

N. B. The deputies, whose names are in Italicks, were not present 
CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

MAINE. 

Eev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Rev. James B. Howe, Rev. Robert Fowle, 

Eev. Charles Burroughs. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Rev. J. 8. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rev. James Morss, 

Rev. Asa Eaton, Rev. Thomas Carlile. 

VERMONT. 

Rev. Abm. Branson, Rev. Stephen Beach, 

Rev. George Leonard, Rev. Joel Clapp. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Rev. Salmon Wheaton, Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, 

Rev. John Laurent Blake. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rev. Harry Oroswell, 

Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rev. Birdsey Q. Noble. 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. oil 

NEW YORK. 

Rev. Isaac Wilkins, Rev. Davis Butler, 

Kev. Thomas Lyell. Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Rev. John C. Rudd, 
Rev. John Croes, Jun., Rev. Lewis P. Bayard. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Rev. Levi Bull, Rev. Jackson Kemper, 

Rev George Boyd, Rev. Bird Wilson. 

DELAWARE. 

Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rev. John Foreman. 

MARYLAND. 

Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., 

Rev. William Wickes, Rev. Samuel C. Stratton. 

VIRGINIA. 

Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., Rev. William Meade, 
Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, Rev. George Lemmon. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Rev. Adam Ernpie, Rev. John Avery, 

Rev. Richard S. Mason, Rev. Gregory 1. Bedell. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Rev. John I. Tschudy, Rev. John B. Campbett, 

Rev. Andrew Fowler, Rev. Maurice H. Lance, 

Rev. Christopher E. Gadsdon, D. D.* 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

MAINE. 

Robert H. Gardiner, Esq. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Nathaniel Adams, Esq., Enoch G. Parrot, Esq., 

Hon. James Sheafe. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Col. George Sullivan, Samuel Hubbard, Esq., 

Hon. James Lloyd, Dudley Atkins Tyng, Esq. 

VERMONT. 

Cl&ment Trowbridge, Esq., Col. Josiah Dunham, 

Daniel Henshaw, Esq., Jeremiah Stratton, Esq. 

* Appointed agreeably to a regulation of the South Carolina Convention, providing In 
case of absence in the elected delegation. Committee of Publication. 



512 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Col. Thomas Lloyd Halsey, Col. Alexander Jones, 

Stephen B. Northam, Esq., Gen. George D' Wolfe. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Gen. Mathias Nicoll, Richard Adams, 

James Lambert, John L. Lewis. 

NEW YORK. 

Son. Rufus King, Dr. John Onderdonk, 

Hon. Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Richard Harrison, Esq. 

NEW JERSEY. 

William Coxe, Esq., Samuel I. Head, Esq., 

Joseph V. Clark, Esq., Peter Kean, Esq., 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Samuel Sitgreaves, Esq., William Meredith, Esq., 

Thomas McEuen, Esq., Walter Kerr. 

DELAWARE. 

Hon. Kensey Johns, Thomas Cooper, Esq., 

MARYLAND. 

Hon. John C. Herbert, Francis S. Key, Esq., 

Tench Tilghman, Esq., William Donne, Esq., 

VIRGINIA. 

Col. Wm. Mayo, Philip Nelson, 

Hon. Charles F. Mercer, John Nelson, jr. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Duncan Cameron, Esq., Marsden Campbell, 

Josiah Collins, Esq., John Stanley, Esq. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Col. Lewis Morris, William Heyward, 

Major Andrew Hassell, Colin Campbell. 

Clergy who attended the sittings of the Convention. 

MASSACHUSETTS. The Rev. George T. Chapman. 

NBW YORK. The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., The Rev. James Mil- 
nor, D. D., The Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, The Rev. Thomas 
Breintnall. 

NEW JERSEY. The Rev. Abiel Carter, The Rev. Simon Wilmer, The 
Rev. George H. Woodruffe. 

PENNSYLVANIA. The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., The Rev. Joseph 

.rner, The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., The Rev. James Wiltbank, The 
-ev. Charles M. Dupuy, The Rev. Jacob M. Douglass, The Rev. Wm. Au 
gustus Muhlenbere, The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, The Rev. Manning B. 
Roche, The Rev. John Rodney, The Rev. William Richmond, The Rev. 
John V. E. Thome, The Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves. 

MARYLAND. The Rev. Joseph R. Walker, The Rev. John Johns, Tha 
Rev. Joseph Jackson. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE PBOCEEDINGS OF THE 



BOHSF of CjlFpiral anh EBP 

V. V* 



(1 J-v PHILADELPHIA, Tuesday, May 16, 1820. 

IJ v& being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the United States of America, several 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended in St. James's Church, 
at 5 o'clock, P. M., and a quorum being present, the Rev. 
Wm. H. Wilmer, D. D. was requested to take the chair 
pro tempore, and the Secretaries of the house in the last 
Convention, acted as Secretaries pro tempore. 

The house then proceeded to read the Testimonials of the 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, which were severally approved, 
and the following gentlemen took their seats in the house. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

From New Hampshire, Rev. Charles Burroughs. From 
Massachusetts, Rev. James Morss, Rev. Thomas Carlile. 
From Rhode Island, Rev. Nathan B. Crocker. From Ver 
mont, Rev. George Leonard. From Connecticut, Rev. Ash- 
bel Baldwin, Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rev. Birdsey G. Noble. 
From New York, Rev. David Butler, Rev. Thomas Lyell, 
Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk. From New Jersey, Rev. 
John C. Rudd, Rev. John Croes, jr., Rev. Lewis P. Bay 
ard. From Pennsylvania, Rev. Levi Bull, Rev. Jackson 
Kernper, Rev. Bird Wilson, Rev. George Boyd. From 
Delaware, Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rev. John Foreman. 

513 



514 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

From Maryland, Rev. Wm. E. Wyatt, D. D., Rev. Wm. 
Wickes, Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Rev. Samuel C. Strat- 
ton. From Virginia, Rev. Wm. H. Wilmer, Rev. George 
Lemmon, Rev. Wm. Meade, Rev. John S. Ravenscroft. 
From North Carolina, Rev. Adam Empie, Rev. Richard S. 
Mason. From South Carolina, Rev. John J. Tschudy. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

From Massachusetts, Dudley Atkins Tyng, Esq. From 
Rhode Island, Col. Thomas Lloyd Halsey, Col. Alexander 
Jones. From Vermont, Col. Josiah Dunham. From 
Connecticut, Gen. Matthias Nicoll, Richard Adams, Esq. 
From New York, Hon. Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Richard 
Harison, Esq. From New Jersey, Peter Kean, Esq., Joseph 
V. Clark, Esq. From Pennsylvania, Samuel Sitgreaves, 
Esq., Thomas M'Euen, Esq., Wrn. Meredith, Esq. From 
Maryland, Tench Tilghman, Esq., Hon. John C. Herbert, 
Francis S. Key, Esq., William Donne, Esq. From Virginia, 
Col. Wm. Mayo, Mr. Philip Nelson, Mr. John Nelson. 
From North Carolina, Duncan Cameron, Esq. 

The house proceeded to the election of a President, 
Secretary and assistant Secretary, when it appeared, that, 
the Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., was chosen president, 
the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Secretary, the Rev. John C. 
Rudd, assistant Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, That clergymen of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church who may be in the city of Philadelphia 
during the session of this convention, and not members 
thereof, be admitted to the sittings of this house. 

The Rev. Mr. Butler and the Rev. Dr. Wyatt were ap 
pointed to inform the House of Bishops, that this house 
was organized and ready to proceed to business. 

The House of Bishops returned, for answer, that they 
also were organized and ready to proceed to business. 

The following message was received from the House of 
Bishops. 

'The House of Bishops propose to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, to attend Divine Service to-morrow at 
10 o'clock, A. M., and on every subsequent day, during the 
sitting of the Convention, at nine o'clock, A. M., Sunday 
excepted." 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 515 

The Kev. Mr. Kemper, the Kev. Mr. Bull, and Samuel 
Sitgreaves, Esq. were appointed a Committee to prepare 
and report rules of order, for the government of this house. 

On motion, Kesolved, That this house concur with the 
House of Bishops in the proposed time of meeting. 

The house adjourned until 10 o'clock, A. M., to-morrow. 



WEDNESDAY, May 17, 10 o'clock, A. M. 

The house attended Divine Service in St. James's Church. 
Service was performed by the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, 
and a sermon preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Moore. 

After Divine Service the house met. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton, a Clerical Deputy from New 
Jersey, The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, a Clerical Deputy from 
Rhode Island, Hon. Charles F. Mercer, a Lay Deputy from 
Virginia, and Walter Kerr, Esq., a Lay Deputy from 
Pennsylvania appeared and took their seats. 

On motion, Resolved, That the names of all the mem 
bers returned as Deputies to this Convention, be inserted 
on the Journal designating the attending members. 

The Rev. Mr. Meade asked, and obtained leave of absence 
for the remainder of the day. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper, from the committee appointed to 
prepare rules of order made report, which after consideration 
and amendment, were adopted as follows : 

1. The morning service of the Church shall be performed every day 
during the session of the Convention. 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member shall continue stand 
ing, or shall afterwards stand up, except to address the chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service of the house, unless 
he have leave or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak or deliver any matter to the 
'house, he shall with due respect, address himself to the President, confin- 
'ing himself strictly to the point in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the same debate, without 
leave of the house. 

6. While the President is putting any question, the members shall con 
tinue in their seats, and shall not hold any private discourse. 

7. Every member who shall be in the house when any question is put, 
shall, on a division, be counted, unless he be personally interested in the 
discussion. 

8. No motion shall be considered as before the house unless seconded, 
and, when required, reduced to writing. 



516 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

9. When a motion is under consideration, no other motion shall be 
made, except to amend, to divide, to commit or postpone it ; but a motion 
to adjourn shall always be in order and shall be decided without debate. 
A question on amendment shall be decided before the original motion. 

10. All Committees shall be appointed by the President, unless other 
wise ordered. 

11. When the hone is about to rise, every member shall keep his seat 
until the President leaves his chair. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house, that they had adopted the alteration of 
the first article of the constitution, proposed at the last 
General Convention, altering the time of meeting from the 
third Tuesday in May to the first Tuesday in October. 

A certificate from the Secretary of the Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Maine, togeth 
er with a copy of the Constitution of the Church in that 
State, was received and read, and application made for ad 
mission into union with the General Convention. Where 
upon, Resolved, That this house recognize the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in Maine as in union with the General 
Convention. 

This resolution, together with the accompanying docu 
ments, was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The house adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 18, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine Service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Butler, 
and a sermon preached by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Hobart. 
After Divine Service the house met. 

On motion of P. Kean, Esq., Resolved, That a list of 
the members of this house be published for the use of the 
Convention. 

A letter was received by the President from the Rev. 
Levi Bull, stating that circumstances of a domestic nature 
rendered it necessary for him to return to his family; he 
therefore resigned his seat in this house. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore be requested to furnish a copy of his sermon, 
preached at the opening of this Convention, for publication. 
The Rev. Mr. Kemper was appointed to carry this resolu 
tion to the House of Bishops. 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 517 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house, that they concurred in the admission of 
the Church in the State of Maine into union with the 
General Convention. 

The Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, a Clerical Deputy from 
Maine, and Robert Halloweil Gardiner, a Lay Deputy from 
the same State, produced testimonials of their appointment 
which were read and approved, and they took their seats. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee consisting of 
one member from each State represented in this Convention, 
be appointed to examine the journals of the different State 
Conventions, Episcopal charges, addresses and pastoral let 
ters which have been, or which may be laid before this house 
during the present session; to make inquiry into the state 
of the Church in each Diocese, arid into the attention paid 
to the Canons and rules of ,the Church; to draw up a view 
of the state of the Church, and to report the same to this 
house agreeably to the forty-fifth Canon. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to compose said 
Committee. 

From Maine Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck. 

From New Hampshire Rev. Charles Burroughs. 

From Massachusetts Rev. Thomas Carlile. 

From Vermont Rev. George Leonard. j 

From Connecticut Rev. Daniel Burhans. 

From New York Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk. 

From New Jersey Rev. John C. Rudd. ; 

From Pennsylvania Rev. Jackson Kemper. 

From Delaware Rev. Richard D. Hall. 

From Maryland Rev. Wm. E. Wyatt, D. D, 

From Virginia Rev. Wm. Meade. 

From North Carolina Rev. Adam Empie. 

From South Carolina Rev. John J. Tschudy. 

A Canon respecting that part of the 45th Canon, which 
requires the reading of the Episcopal addresses on the 
Journals of the several State Conventions, before this house, 
was proposed and adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion of Francis S. Key, Esq., Resolved, As the 
opinion of this house, that the practice of returning thanks 
for sermons preached before the General Convention, and 
requesting copies for publication ought to be discontinued. 



518 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Lay Deputy from each 
State be added to the Committee on the state of the 
Church. Whereupon, the following gentlemen were ap 
pointed. 

From Maine Robert H. Gardiner, Esq. 

From Massachusetts Dudley Atkins Tyng, Esq. 

From Rhode Island Col. Thomas L. Halsey. 

From Vermont Col. Josiah Dunham. 
' From Connecticut G-en. Matthias Nicholl. 

From New York Richard Harison, Esq. 

From New Jersey Peter Kean, Esq. 

From Pennsylvania Thomas M'Euen, Esq. 

From Delaware Hon. Kensey Johns. 

From Maryland Francis S. Key, Esq. 

From Virginia Col. Wm. Mayo. 

From North Carolina Duncan Cameron, Esq. 

The Rev. Mr. Boyd offered for the consideration of the 
house, a resolution concerning the administration of Bap 
tism, which was ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper proposed a Canon for considera 
tion, relative to candidates for holy orders : ordered to lie 
on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Boyd offered for consideration, a preamble 
and resolutions on' the subject of a missionary society; 
ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. C. E. Gadsden, D. D., a Clerical Deputy from 
South Carolina, presented the certificate of his appointment 
and took his seat. 

On motion, Resolved, That the testimonial of the Rev. 
Dr. Gadsden be referred to a Committee. 

The Rev. Mr. Meade, Francis S. Key, Esq., and Richard 
Harison, Esq. were appointed to compose said Committee. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee be appointed 
to examine the Journals of the last General Convention, 
and report the unfinished business, if any, to this house. 
The Rev. Mr. Hall, the Rev. Mr. Wheaton, Hon. C. F. 
Mercer, and William Meredith, Esq. were appointed to 
compose- said Committee. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this house of their concurrence with the resolution 
requesting a copy of Bishop Moore's sermon, preached at 



1820.] JOUBNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 519 

the opening of this Convention, for publication : and that 
they had also returned their thanks to Bishop Moore, for 
his sermon. 

On motion, Kesolved, That the resolutions and proposed 
Canons laid on the table, be printed for the use of the house. 

The Rev. Mr. Tschudy presented and read a memorial 
from the Convention of South Carolina, on the subject of a 
Theological Seminary, which was sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a proposition submitted to them, for the publi 
cation of certain selections from the Book of Psalms in 
metre, with their Determination thereon; which after being 
read and considered, was concurred in by this house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops pro 
posing certain instructions to be observed in editions of the 
Book of Common Prayer, which were read and concurred in 
by this house. 

The House of Bishops informed this house, that they 
concurred in the adoption of the Canon repealing a part of 
the forty-fifth Canon. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops with 
a Canon passed by that house, repealing the 1st Canon of 
1817. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Canon be referred to a 
Committee. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper, and the Rev. Mr. Onderdonk 
were appointed the Committee. 

Hon. John C. Herbert proposed for consideration, a Canon 
relative to applicants for holy orders, which was referred to 
the same Committee. 

The following documents which had been laid before the 
house in conformity with the forty-fifth Canon, were refer 
red to the Committee on the state of the Church. 

From Maine, a copy of the Constitution of the Church in 
that State, and a Journal of their first Convention. 

From New Hampshire, written Journals for 1817, 1818, 
1819. 

From Massachusetts, printed Journals for 1819, 1820. 

From Vermont, written Journals for 1817, 1818, 1819. 

From Rhode Island, written Journals for 1818, 1819, 
1820. 



520 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

From Connecticut, printed Journals for 1818, 1819. 

From New York, printed Journals and Charges for 1817, 
1818, 1819, and an Episcopal address. 

From New Jersey, printed Journals for 1817, 1S18, 1819, 
one Charge and a written document on the state of the 
Church. 

From Pennsylvania, printed Journals for 1818, 1819, 1820. 

From North Carolina, printed Journals for 1817, 1818, 

1819. 

From South Carolina, printed Journals for 1818, 1819, 
1820. 

The house adjourned. 



FRIDAY, May 19, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine Service was performed by the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, 
and a sermon preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp. 

After Divine Service the house met. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper from the Committee on the 
Canon sent from the House of Bishops, repealing the first 
Canon of 1817, reported in favour of concurrence; where 
upon, this house concurred in adopting the proposed Canon, 
and notice of this concurrence was sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

The same Committee reported an amended Canon as a 
substitute for the one offered yesterday by the Hon. John 
C. Herbert, which was read. 

The Rev. Mr. Hall, from the Committee on the Journal 
of the last General Convention, reported as unfinished busi 
ness the resolutions offered by the Hon. Charles F. Mercer, 
in 1817, which resolutions were read and ordered to lie on 
the table. 

P. Kean, Esq. proposed a Canon providing for the change 
of the place of meeting of the General Convention in cer 
tain cases, which was read and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Hon. John C. Herbert asked and obtained leave of 
absence for the remainder of the day. 

P. Kean, Esq. offered the following resolution, which was 
ordered to lie on the table. 

Resolved, That the meeting of the next General Con 
vention be held at . 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 521 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper called up his resolution on the 
Theological Seminary, which after considerable discussion, 
was ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Boyd called up his resolutions on the sub 
ject of a Missionary Society, and the following persons were 
appointed to compose a Committee on the subject. The 
Rev. Mr. Boyd, the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, Duncan Cameron, 
Esq., Francis Key, Esq. 

Robert H. Gardiner, Esq. proposed a Canon relative to 
the consecration of Bishops during the recess of the General 
Convention, as a substitute for the fifth Canon, which was 
leferred to a Committee consisting of the Rev. Mr. Bur 
roughs, Robert H. Gardiner, Esq., and Samuel Sitgreaves, 
Esq. 

The Rev. Mr. Boyd called up his resolution on the sub 
ject of Pastoral Letters, which, after considerable debate, 
was amended by making it a Canon, which was adopted, 
and sent to the House of Bishops for their concurrence. 

The consideration of the Canon offered yesterday by the 
Rev. Mr. Kemper, was called up and referred to a commit 
tee consisting of the Rev. Mr. Noble, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, 
and P. Kean, Esq. 

A communication was received from the House of Bish 
ops, on the subject of a standard copy of the Bible, which 
was read and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Bayard asked and obtained leave of absence 
for the remainder of the session. 

The Bev. Dr. Wharton asked and obtained leave of ab 
sence until Monday. 

The house adjourned. 



SATURDAY, May 20, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine Service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Rudd, and 
a sermon preached by the Right Rev. Bishop Croes. 

After Divine Service the house met. 

The Hon. James Lloyd, a Lay Deputy from Massachu 
setts, appeared and took his seat. 

A message from the House of Bishops informed this 
house, that they had concurred in adopting the Canon con 
cerning Pastoral Letters. 



522 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

The Kev. Mr. Croes offered for consideration a Canon 
repealing a part of the 35th Canon which was referred to a 
Committee consisting of the Rev. Mr. Rudd, the Rev. Dr. 
Wyatt, and the Rev. Mr. Stratton. 

The resolution of the House of Bishops adopting the 
alteration of the first article of the Constitution was taken 
up, and after discussion was sent back to the House of 
Bishops with the non-concurrence of this house. 

The Rev. Mr. Hall and Col. Dunham asked and obtained 
leave of absence until Monday. 

William Meredith, Esq., from the Committee appointed 
at the last General Convention on the Theological Semi 
nary, made a report, (See Appendix) which was read and 
referred to a Committee consisting of Duncan Cameron, 
Esq., Rev. Dr. Gadsden, Hon. James Lloyd, Rev. Mr. On- 
derdonk, and the Rev. Mr. Morss. 

Richard Harison, Esq. offered the following resolution 
and proposed alteration of the Constitution, which resolution 
was adopted and sent to the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, that it be made known to the several State 
Conventions of this Church, that it is proposed to consider 
at the next General Convention, and if deemed expedient, 
finally to ratify the following alteration of the first article 
of the Constitution : 

By striking out so much of the first article as relates to 
the time of holding the General Convention, and by insert 
ing, after the words " United States of America," in the 
said article, the words "at such time in every third year, 
and ;" and further, by inserting after the word " conven 
tion " the following clause : " and in case there shall be an 
epidemic disease, or any other good cause to render it neces 
sary to alter the place fixed on for any such meeting of the 
convention, the presiding bishop shall have it in his power 
to appoint another convenient place, (as near as may be to 
the place so fixed on) for the holding of such convention." 

The President requested leave of absence from the house 
until Monday, which was granted, and the Rev. Mr. Bur- 
hans was called to the chair, pro tern. \ 

The communication from the House of Bishops on the 
subject of a standard copy of the Bible was taken up, and 
the resolution of that house concurred in, and notice of con 
currence was sent to the House of Bishops. 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 523 

The following gentlemen were appointed the Commitee 
of this house pursuant to the resolution. 

The Rev. Mr.' Wilson, Rev. Dr. Wharton, Rev. Dr. 
Wyatt, Rev. Mr. Kemper, and Samuel Sitgreaves, Esq. 

Peter Kean, Esq. offered the following resolution, which 
was ordered to lie on the table. 

Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, that a 
committee be appointed to inquire into the expediency and 
practicability of establishing a college for the education of 
youth, to be under the care and superintendence of trustees 
to be appointed by the General Convention, and that the 
said Committee report to the next General Convention the 
result of their inquiries, together with a plan for the gov 
ernment of said institution, should they deem its estab 
lishment practicable. 

The Rev. Mr. Mason proposed several resolutions on the 
subject of correct editions of the Book of Common Prayer 
which were ordered to lie on the Table. 

Hon. C. F. Mercer asked and obtained leave of absence 
for the remainder of the session. 

The house adjourned until Monday morning 9 o'clock. 



MONDAY, May 22, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine Service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Tschudy, 
and a sermon preached by the Right Rev. Bishop. Bowen. 

After Divine Service the house met. 

MJ. James Lambert, a Lay Deputy from Connecticut, 
and the Hon. Kensey Johns, a Lay Deputy from Delaware, 
appeared and took their seats. 

The rules of order were read. 

The Rev. Mr. Noble from the committee on the proposed 
Canon concerning candidates for Holy Orders made report 
which was laid on the table. 

The Hon. John C. Herbert called up the consideration of 
the Canon proposed by him, amending the 17th Canon. 
The proposed Canon was adopted and sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

The Rev. Mr. Boyd called up the consideration of his 
resolution on the subject of diversity of practice in admin- 



524 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

istering Baptism, which resolution he withdrew and offered 
the following as a substitute : 

Resolved, That the Bight Rev., the House of Bishops 
be respectfully requested to express to this house their 
opinion on the diversity of practice which prevails in the 
administration of baptism, and to suggest the most effec 
tual mode for producing uniformity under the second rubric 
in the office for the administration of private baptism. 

This resolution was referred to the committee on the 
state of the Church. 

An addition to the report of the Committee on the Theo 
logical Seminary, appointed at the last General Convention, 
was received and read, and referred to the Committee of this 
house on that subject. (See appendix.) 

The Rev. Mr. Rudd from the Committee on the proposed 
Canon amending the 35th Canon, made report unfavourable 
to the adoption of said Canon. 

On motion, Resolved, That the proposed Canon be re 
committed, and that two members be added to the Commit 
tee. Whereupon, the Rev. Mr. Meade and Samuel Sit- 
greaves, Esq. were appointed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops pro 
posing an amendment to the Canon passed by this house, 
amending the 17th Canon, which amendment was concurred 
in by this house, and notice of concurrence sent to the 
House of Bishops. 

Duncan Cameron, Esq., from the Committee on the sub 
ject of the Theological Seminary, made the following report 
which was read. 

The Committee to whom was referred the report from the 
Trustees of the Theological school, having, according to order, 
had the same under consideration report : 

That while they lament that the efforts made to establish the 
school in the city of New York have not been more successful, 
they are deeply impressed with the conviction that the estab 
lishment of an institution for the theological education of can 
didates for the ministry, is an object of too much importance 
to the character and interests of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States, to be abandoned or delayed. 

The Committee are aware that difficulties are inseparably 
connected with all new undertakings, and that ultimate success 
can only be expected after long experience. They cannot, 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 525 

however, permit themselves to doubt the practicability of 
establishing a theological school adequate to the exigencies of 
the Church, if a simultaneous and zealous effort for that pur 
pose be made by its friends throughout the United States. They 
anxiously hope such an effort will be made and confidently 
believe that the Great Head of the Church will bless the exer 
tions which may be made to prepare and send forth labourers 
into his vineyard. 

Tue Committee are of opinion, that it is of great importance 
to the success of the institution, that it should be located in 
some place where the professors and students can have access 
to public libraries, enjoy the benefits resulting from literary 
society, and live comfortably at a moderate expense. 

Without detracting from the great advantages which the city 
of New York affords to students in the various departments 
of literature and science, the Committee are of opinion that 
the city of New Haven offers inducements for the establishment 
of the Theological school in that place (at least for the present, 
and while its funds are so limited) which ought not to be over 
looked or disregarded. 

For the purpose of carrying into effect the views of the com 
mittee contained in this very brief report, they recommend the 
adoption of the following resolutions : 
Respectfully submitted, 

DUNCAN CAMERON, CHAIRMAN. 

1. Resolved, That the Theological school instituted at New 
York, under the authority of the last General Convention of 
the 'Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States, be 
transferred to and located within the city of New Haven in 
the diocese of Connecticut. 

2. Resolved, That the management of the said school be 
and is hereby vested in a board of trustees, which shall consist 
of the Bishops of the several dioceses within the United States, 
of six clergymen and six Liymen, to be appointed by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies at every meeting of the 
General Convention, any seven of whom shall be competent to 
form a board for transacting business. They shall have power 
to collect and manage funds for the benefit of the school ; to 
appoint professors and teachers therein, and prescribe their 
duties; regulate the admission of students, and prescribe the 
course of studies to be observed by them ; to made such by 
laws and regulations as may be necessary for the government 
of the school ; and, generally, to take such measures as they 
may deem essential to the prosperity of the institution. The 



526 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

said board of trustees shall have power to fill vacancies which 
may occur by death, removal or resignation of any clerical or 
lay member thereof, and it shall be their duty to make a full 
and detailed report of their proceedings and of the state of the 
school to the next General Convention. 

3. Resolved, That the Bishops of the several dioceses with 
in the United States, and where there is no bishop, the stand 
ing committee of the diocese, be and they are hereby earnestly 
and respectfully requested to adopt such measures as they may 
deem most advisable to collect funds in aid of the Theological 
school, and to cause the same, when collected, to be transmitted 
to the treasurer of the board of trustees. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops with 
information that they concurred in the resolution of this 
house on the proposed alteration of the first article of the 
Constitution. 

Robert H. Gardiner, Esq. offered the following resolution 
which was ordered to lie on the table. 

Resolved, That it be the duty of the Secretary of each 
General Convention, to cause to be published the sermon 
preached at the opening thereof. 

The consideration of the resolution and proposed altera 
tion of the Constitution offered by the Hon. C. F. Mercer in 
1817, was called up and, after considerable debate, was 
indefinitely postponed. 

The house adjourned, to meet at six o'clock this evening. 

MONDAY EVENING, 6 o'clock. 

The house met. 

The Rev. Mr. Burroughs from the Committee on the 
proposed substitute for the fifth Canon made report favour- 
rable to the adoption of said Canon. 

On the question, shall this Canon be adopted, it was 
decided in the negative. 

The consideration of the report of the Committee on the 
Theological Seminary was called up, read, and discussed for 
some time, and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Committee on the state of tbe Church made a re 
port which was read and ordered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Foreman asked and obtained leave of ab 
sence for the remainder of the session. 

The house adjourned. 



1820.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONTENTION. 527 

TUESDAY, May 23, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Divine Service was performed by the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, 
and a sermon preached by the Eight Kev. Bishop Brownell. 

After Divine Service the house met. 

The consideration of the report of the Committee on the 
state of the Church was called up, and after long discussion 
it was, on motion of the Rev. Mr. Onderdonk, 

Resolved, To strike out the following section and 
resolution : 

"In conclusion, your Committee beg leave to report that 
they would recommend to this Convention, to call the attention 
of the clergy to the rubrics and offices of the Church in relation 
to the holy Sacrament of Baptism. They consider it of the first 
importance to the character of the Church and to the good 
education of its youthful members, that pious principles and 
conduct should be required in those who are received as spon 
sors in baptism. It must produce consequences highly injuri 
ous to the Church, fatal to the welfare of those who are to be 
nurtured in its bosom, and not less so to those who unadvisedly 
enter into the most serious engagements in their behalf, to ad 
mit into so highly responsible a solemnity those who do not 
understand and feel the importance of its sanctions, and who 
do not sincerely mean, with the help of divine grace, faithfully 
to perform them. This end, and many others deserving con 
sideration, we believe would also be promoted by administering 
baptism publicly ; and, when necessity requires it to be admin 
istered in private, by using the form of private baptism and 
afterwards requiring the infant and its sponsors to be brought 
into the church, that the congregation may be certified, in the 
form prescribed, of its admission into the Church, that the 
sponsors may enter into their obligations in the face of the 
Church, and that its prayers may be offered up to the Almighty 
to grant His blessing to the ordinance. 

The Committee therefore recommend the following resolution : 
Resolved, That it is the opinion of this General Convention 
that the ordinance of baptism ought in all possible cases to be 
administered in public, and that when necessity shall require 
it to be administered in private, that then the office for private 
baptism should be used, and that the infant and the sponsors 
should be afterwards required to appear in Church and con 
form to the service of the Church in that respect and that 
the Right Rev. the Bishops be respectfully requested to call 
the attention of the clergy to this subject, and to enjoin upon 



528 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

them a particular care in requiring proper qualifications in 
those who are admitted as sponsors." 

And, to insert the following, as a substitute : 
The" House of Clerical and Lay Deputies reverting to 
the notices of private baptism in some of the preceding 
statements, respectfully request the House of Bishops to 
insert in the Pastoral Letter solicited by this house, their 
opinion and advice on the subject of the existing custom of 
administering private baptism without a great and reasona 
ble cause, and of using in private the public office ; and 
also on the subject of the proper qualifications of sponsors 
in baptism. 4 

The report as amended was adopted as follows, and sent 
to the House of Bishops. 

REPORT. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance with 
the 45th Canon, have taken a general view of the state of the 
Church, and offer to the House of Bishops the result of their 
inquiries, respectfully requesting that venerable body to draw 
up, and cause to be published, a pastoral letter to the members 
of the Church. 

MAINE. 

The Church in the State of Maine, which, for many years, 
had become greatly depressed and almost extinct, has, within a 
few years, assumed a more flourishing aspect. It consists of two 
congregations the one in Gardiner, the other in Portland. 
Both of these congregations are supplied with pastors, whose 
labours have succeeded to the extent of the rational expectations 
of the friends of the Church. Rev. G. W. Olney, is the Rector 
of Christ Church, Gardiner ; and Rev. P. S. Ten Broeck of St. 
Paul's Church, Portland. 

Agreeably to the recommendation of the Right Rev. Bishop 
Griswold, a Convention of delegates from those Churches was 
held in Brunswick, on the 3d day of May, 1820, at which time 
they acceded to the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, and elected delegates 
to the General Convention. They are again annexed to the 
Eastern Diocese. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

There are nine Episcopal Churches in this State. St. John's 
Church in Portsmouth, of which the Rev. Charles Burroughs is 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 529 

Rector, has eighty families, eighty communicants, and about 
seventy catechumens ; and reports, during the last three years, 
fifty-three baptisms, twenty-two deaths, and three marriages. 
Trinity Church in Holderness, of which the Rev. Robert Fowle 
is Rector, has about thirty families, and reports, during the last 
three years, twenty-six baptisms, eight marriages, and nineteen 
deaths. Union Church in Claremont, of which the Rev. James 
B. Howe has recently been instituted Rector, in the place of the 
Rev. Mr. Barbour who has left the Church, reports ninety-five 
communicants and seventy catechumens. Major Ashley of that 
town lately left to the Church a legacy, which will probably 
yield an annual income of seven hundred dollars. Another 
Episcopal Society has been formed in the village of Claremont, 
and they have purchased a meeting-house for a place of worship. 
This Society is associated with Union Church, and the Rev. 
J. B. Howe officiates for them every third Sunday. The Epis 
copal Church in Cornish contains about twenty families. The 
Rev. George Leonard has been chosen its Rector, and officiates 
for them every third Sunday. St. Thomas's Church at Concord, 
was organized in March, 1818, and has thirteen families, and 
ten communicants. Christ's Church at Bradford, was organized 
in July, 1817, and contains ten families, and reports thirty-seven 
baptisms. St. Peter's Church, Drewsville, has been formed 
three years, has an annual income of one hundred and thirty 
dollars from Church property, and has ten families, who pro 
pose soen to erect a chapel. Christ's Church at Hopkinton, has 
twenty families. In the vacant Churches of this State, religious 
services are generally performed by lay readers, and occasionally 
they have been favoured with the labours of missionaries. 

MASSACHUSETTS. . 

The Church in this State still continues in as flourishing a 
situation as it was at the time of the meeting of the last General 
Convention. The Church at Marblehead has been vacated by 
the removal of the Rev B. B. Smith to the Diocese of Virginia, 
and this, it is believed, is the only change of importance that 
has taken place. There is a very general attention paid to the 
observance of the Canons and Rubrics, and, with but very few 
exceptions, the established usages of the Church. A large and 
elegant stone church, of which the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., 
has been chosen Rector, is now nearly completed in the town 
of Boston, besides which, a few small congregations have been 
collected in other towns. Exertions are making to call the 
attention of the friends of our Church to the subject of missions 



530 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

to such small portions of our communion as are to be found in 
many parts of the State ; a circular letter for this purpose has 
been published, and it is expected that much good may result 
fiom such a measure. On the whole, we regard the situation 
of the Church in this State as promising. 

The Churches in this State, are Trinity Church, Boston, Rev. 
J. S. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rector ; Christ Church, Boston, Rev. 
Asa Eaton, Rector, which reports, for the last two years, one 
hundred and twenty-nine baptisms, and two hundred and thirty 
communicants; St. Peter's Church, Salem, Rev. Thomas Carlile, 
Rector, reports, for the last three years, twentv-eight baptisms, 
and consists at present of one hundred families and fifty-two 
communicants ; St. Paul's Church, Newburyport, Rev. James 
Morss, Rector, reports, for the last two years, forty-six baptisms 
and eighty-six communicants ; St. James's Church, Greenfield, 
and Trinity Church, Montague, Rev. Petrus Strong, Rector, 
baptisms for the last year twenty-three, communicants seventy- 
two ; Christ Church, Cambridge ; St. Andrew's Church, Hano 
ver, Rev. Calvin Walcott, Rector, reports, for the last year, 
twenty-five baptisms and forty communicants ; the Church at 
Quincy reports sixteen communicants ; Trinity Church, Marsh- 
field ; St. Matthew's Church, South Boston ; Church at Bridge- 
water has ten communicants ; St. Michael's Church, Marble- 
head, has twenty-four communicants; St. James's Church, Great 
Barrington ; Church at Lenox ; Church at Lanseborough ; 
Church in Dedham, in which the Rev. Chever Fech officiates ; 
and the Churches in Newton and Hoghinton. 

VERMONT. 

The Church in Vermont appears to be in a prosperous con 
dition ; the number of communicants has considerably increased 
since the last report; three new churches have been erected and 
consecrated, and a subscription is now filled for building another 
this season at Windsor. A church is also erecting at Guilford, 
which last town, we are informed, has almost unanimously 
attached itself to the doctrines, discipline and worship of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Some new congregations have 
recently been organized, and all, it is hoped, are, through Divine 
grace, increasing in piety and in the virtues of the Christian 
life. Though there have been some acquisitions to the number 
of the Clergy, there is still a want of the labours of more, and 
a wide field is open for their active and pious exertions The 
extensive demesnes of the Church in this State, are not yet 
secured ; but a suit is now pending before the Federal Circuit 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 531 

Court for their recovery, which, if gained, will place the tempo 
ralities of the Church iu a respectable condition. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Church in Rhode Island continues in a prosperous and 
flourishing condition. During the last three years, one new 
church has been erected ; Sunday schools have been established 
in all the congregations, and the number of communicants has 
very considerably increased. There is a Church Missionary 
Society, in and for that State, which promises to be useful. lu 
some of the parishes, at the present time, there is an awakened 
concern for spiritual things, and a more than usual attention to 
religious duties. There is also generally a decided and increas 
ing attachment to the peculiarities of our Commun.on ; and it 
is believed that, in no one of the United States, are the order, 
worship and rules of the Episcopal Church, better, or more 
uniformly regarded. 

T*he Churches in this State are : St. Michael's, Bristol, Right 
Rev. A. V. Griswold, rector, who reports, for the last three 
years, ninety-two baptisms, and one hundred and sixty-nine 
communicants. Trinity Church, Newport, Rev. Salmon Wheat- 
on, rector, reports, for the last three years, one hundred arid 
thirteen baptisms, and 'one hundred and fifty communicants. 
St. John's Church, Providence, Rev. N. B. Crocker, rector, 
reports, for the last three years, fifty baptisms, and one hundred 
and fifty-nine communicants. St. Paul's Church, North Provi 
dence, Rev. J. L. Blake, rector, reports, for the last three years, 
thirty-eight baptisms, and fifty-five communicants. At St. Paul's 
Church, S. Kingstown, Rev. Mr. Burgh, Deacon, officiates. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Since the last General Convention, in many respects, no 
material change has taken place. Of the Clergy, several have 
removed, and some have been added. The Notitice Parochiales 
of the Annual Conventions evince a manifest increase of the 
Church in the Diocese, many particulars of which are necessa 
rily omitted in consequence of the vacancy of the Episcopate 
for several years. But it is with no small satisfaction we state 
the recent consecration of the Right Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, 
D. D., LL. D., to that sacred office. Under his ministrations, 
by the Divine blessing, the increase of the Church in piety, 
numbers, and respectability, is gradually advancing. Since his 
consecration, a number of Churches have been visited, and the 
holy rite of Confirmation administered to about four hundred 
persons. 



532 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

With regard to the Fund for the support of the Episcopate, 
it appears, from the report of the treasurer, at the last Conven 
tion, that it then amounted to about sixteen thousand dollars ; 
and there is a probability that the diocesan will soon be re 
lieved from all parochial duties. 

The churches generally are in good repair, and the congrega 
tions remarkable, not only for their regular attendance, but 
also for their fervency of devotion. 

The Episcopal Academy of the Diocese, at Cheshire, under 
the superintendence of the Rev. Tillotson Brousou, D. D., Prin 
cipal, and the Rev. Asa Cornwall, Assistant, is nourishing, and 
the number of students gradually increasing. 

On the whole, the Diocese is, at present, more prosperous and 
nourishing than at any former period. The greatest harmony 
prevails among the Clergy and Laity, and all are peculiarly 
united in their attachment to the Liturgy and distinctive doc 
trines of the Church. 

NEW YORK. 

The Diocese of New York consists, at present, of the Bishop, 
fifty-six presbyters, fifteen deacons, and one hundred and 
eighteen organized congregations. 

Since the last General Convention, the following persons 
have been admitted, by the Bishop of this Diocese, to the holy 
order of deacons: Asahel Davis, Samuel Nichols, William H. 
Northrop (since deceased), George H. Norton, David Brown, 
Leveret Bush, Thomas Osborne (since removed to South Caro 
lina), Intrepid Morse (since removed to Ohio), Charles M'Cabe, 
Alexis P. Proal, George Upfold, M. D , John Grigg, jun., 
James W. Eastburn (since removed to Virginia and deceased), 
George B. Andrews (since removed to Connecticut), James I. 
Bowden (since removed to Maryland), John V. E. Thorn (since 
removed to Pennsylvania), William Richmond (since removed 
to Pennsylvania), Deodatus Babcock, William Barlow, William 
H De Lancey, Frederick T. Tiffany, and Benjamin P. Aydclott, 
M. D., belonging to this Diocese ; and John Toland, of the 
Island of St. Martin's, West Indies ; and, by letters dismissory 
from the Right Rev., the Bishop of that Diocese, Lemuel Birge, 
of Rhode Island. Total 24. 

Within the same period, the following deacons have been 
ordered priests : the Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, the Rev. Samuel 
Johnston (since removed to Ohio), the Rev. Ezekiel G. Gear, 
the Rev. Gregory T. Bedell (since removed to North Carolina), 
the Rev. Nathaniel F. Bruce, M. D., (since removed to Con 
necticut), the Rev. Charles W. Hamilton, the Rev. David 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 533 

Brown, the Rev. George H. Norton, the Rev. Henry Anthon, 
the Rev. Thomas Breintuall, from Pennsylvania, the Rev. Hugh 
Smith (since removed to Georgia), the Rev. Lucius Smith, from 
Connecticut, and the Rev Samuel Nichols, of this Diocese ; and 
the Rev. John Toland, of St. Martin's, W. I. Total 14. 

The following Clergymen have been instituted to the follow 
ing Rectorships : the Rev. Evan M. Johnson, to that of St. 
James's Church, Newtown, Queen's County; the Rev. William 
B. Lacey, to that of St. Peter's Church, Albany ; the Rev. 
Thomas Breintnall, to that of Zion Church, New York ; the 
Rev. Russell Wheeler, to that of Zion Church, Butternuts, 
Otsego County ; the Rev. David Brown, to that of St. James's 
Church, Hyde Park, Dutchess County ; and the Rev. Gilbert H. 
Sayres, to that of Grace Church, Jamaica, Queen's County. 

In addition to the above, the following Clergymen have taken 
charge of the parishes annexed to their respective names : the 
Rev. Nathaniel Huse, from Connecticut, of St. Paul's Church, 
Paris, Oneida County ; the Rev. Samuel Phiuney, from Penn 
sylvania, of St. Andrew's Church, Coldenham, Orange County; 
the Rev. John Brown, of St. Thomas's Church, New Windsor, 
Orange County ; the Rev. Charles M'Cabe, deacon, of St. James's 
Church, Milton, Saratoga County ; the Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, of 
Christ Church Hudson, Columbia County ; the Rev. Alexis P. 
Proal, deacon, of St. John's Church, Johnstown, Montgomery 
County ; the Rev. George Upfold, M. D., Deacon, of Trinity 
Church, Lansingburg Rensselaer County, and Grace Church, 
Waterford, Saratoga County ; the Rev. David Huntington, of 
St. Peter's Church, Waterville, and St. John's Church, Delhi, 
Delaware County ; the Rev. Henry M. Shaw, Deacon, from 
North Carolina, of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida County ; the 
Rev. Lucius Smith, of St. Peter's Church, Auburn, Cayuga 
County ; the Rev. Ravaud Kearney, of Trinity Church, New 
Rochelle, West-Chester County; the Rev. Henry IT. Onderdonk, 
of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, King's County ; the Rev. Wil 
liam Barlow, Deacon, of St. John's Church, Canandaigua, 
Ontario County; the Rev. Samuel Nichols, of St. Matthew's 
Church, Bedford, West-Chester County ; the Rev. John Grigg, 
jun., Deacon, of St. John's Church, Phillipsburgh, West-Chester 
County ; the Rev. Jonathan M .Wainwright, from Connecticut, 
(assistant minister), of Trinity Church, New York ; the Rev. 
William A. Clark, of Christ Church, Balston Spa, Sarato a 
County ; the Rev. George Otis, Deacon, from the Eastern Dio 
cese, of St. Paul's Church, Waddington, St. Lawrence County ; 
and the Rev. Frederick T. Tiffany, Deacon, of Christ Church, 
Cooperstown, Otsego County. 



534 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

A number of the Clergy of this Diocese continue to prosecute 
the arduous and all-important labours of the Missionary Ser 
vice. Besides older missionaries, whose names appear in the 
last triennial report, there have been engaged in this service, 
since the last General Convention, the Rev. Amos Pardee, from 
Massachusetts, the Rev. George H. Norton, the Rev. Leveret 
Bush, Deacon, the Rev. Deodatus Babcock, Deacon, and the 
Rev. Francis H. Cuming, Deacon, from New Jersey. 

The following persons, are, at present, candidates for orders 
in this Diocese: James P. Cotter, James P. F. Clarke, William 
B. Thomas, George W. Doane, Moses Burt, G. M. Robison, 
Eleazar Williams, Ezra B. Kellogg, John Garfield, William 
Jarvis, William Thompson, Richard Bury, Lawson Carter, 
Benjamin Dorr, Peter Williams, jun, William L. Johnson, 
Alouzo Potter. 

Since the last General Convention, this Diocese has been 
deprived by death, of the Rev. Henry Moscrop, the Rev. John 
Bowden, D. D., the Rev. William H. Northrop, Deacon, the 
Rev. Theodosius Bartow, and the Rev. Barzillai Bulkley. But 
a still more afflicting source of the diminution of its Clergy, 
has been found in the painful necessity of exercising Ecclesias 
tical discipline, by the suspension from the ministry of the Rev. 
Timothy Clowes, and the Rev. Nathan Felch ; and the degra 
dation of Thomas Y. How, previously suspended under the 2d 
Canon of the General Convention of 1817. 

There have been duly organized in this Diocese, and received 
into union with its Convention, St. Paul's Church, Redhook, 
Dutchess County ; St. John's Church, Monticello, Sullivan 
County ; St. Paul's Church, Buffalo, Niagara County ; St. 
Thomas's Church, Mamaroneck, West-Chester County ; St. 
Paul's Church, Ticonderoga, Essex County ; St. Thomas's 
Church, New Windsor, Orange County ; Zion Church, Sandy- 
hill, .Washington County ; St. Paul's Church, Turin, Lewis 
Countv ; St. Michael's Church, Genesee, Ontario County ; Zion 
Church, New York, (the former corporation of this name hav 
ing, upon the destruction of their house of worship, been legally 
dissolved;) Grace Church, Norway, Herkimer County; Christ 
Church, North Hampstead, Queen's County ; St. John's Church, 
Delhi, Delaware County ; St. Paul's Church, Waterloo, Seneca 
County ; and St. Peter's Church, Verona, Oueida County. 
Total '15. 

The following Churches have been consecrated by the Bishop : 
St. Paul's Church, Windham, Greene County; Christ Church, 
Balston Spa, Saratoga County ; St. Paul's Church, Turin, Lewis 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 535 

County ; St. Paul's Church, Waddington, St. Lawrence County ; 
Zion Church, Onondaga Westhill, Onondaga County ; St. Paul's 
Church, Richmond, Ontario County ; Zion Church, New York, 
(rebuilt after destruction by fire ;) Christ Church, Binghamton, 
Broome County ; Zion Church, Butternuts, Otsego County ; St. 
Paul's Church, Redhook, Dutchess County ; St. Philip s Church, 
New York, (erected for the accommodation of the coloured 
members of the Church in that city ;) St. Peter's Church, Onei- 
da Castle, Oneida County, (the congregation of which is com 
posed of Indians, and in which there is used a translation of our 
Liturgy in the Mohawk language ;) St. Peter's Church, Water- 
ville, Delaware County ; St. Paul's Church, Paris, Oneida 
County; and St. George's Church, Newburgh, Orange County. 
Total 15. 

The reports of the Missionaries and parochial Clergy, pub 
lished in the Journals of the last three Conventions, furnish an 
aggregate of four thousand six hundred and eighty nine bap 
tisms, of which four hundred and nine are specified as cases of 
adults, and eighty-seven of Indians. The aggregate number 
of Confirmations is not given in the Journals of 1817 and 18. 
In 1819 the Bishop reported one thousand four hundred and 
seventy-four. In that and the previous year, he confirmed one 
hundred and forty-five Indians. The number of Communicants 
reported at the last Convention, is four thousand two hundred 
and thirty-five. 

No small share of the prosperity of this Diocese is to be 
ascribed to Missionary services. The number of labourers at 
present engaged in them is fifteen. The peculiar situation of 
the immense portion of the Diocese, formed by the western dis 
trict of the State, renders these services indispensable, and 
should excite our brethren in New York to increasing exertions 
in their support ; while the similarity of cases between that 
section of their State and the new States and Territories of our 
Union, should command for these services, as intimately con 
nected with the duty of extending Missionary labours to the 
latter, the approbation of the Church generally. 

It is proper that we here notice the efforts made by our 
brethren of this Diocese, for the religious instruction of the 
Indians, within the borders of their State. The Oneida tribe 
have now a handsome and commodious church, and are still 
enjoying the faithful services of their licensed catechist and 
lay-reader, Mr. Eleazar Williams, who is himself of Indian 
extraction, and a candidate for holy orders. He leads their 
devotions in their church, by the use of a translation of our 



536 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

Liturgy into the Mohawk language ; in which they join with 
every appearance of devout attention, and with the full effect 
of proper participation. A young Indian of the Onondaga 
tribe, son of a chief who was killed in the service of the United 
States, during the last war, is now making suitable preparation 
for devoting ardent piety, great zeal, and natural talents of a 
most respectable order, to the work of the Ministry among his 
countrymen. 

The congregations of this Diocese receive frequent visits from 
the Bishop. The Clergy are generally distinguished for con 
scientious observance of the Canons and Rubrics of the Church. 
The laity, in conjunction with their pastors, have formed nu 
merous associations for distributing the Holy Bible, the book 
of Common Prayer, and other ap proved religious books and 
tracts ; for aiding the Ecclesiastical authority in the support of 
missionaries; and for the interesting and inestimable charity 
of Sunday-school instruction. 

Upon the whole, we have reason to be thankful for the con 
tinuance of the Divine blessing to this portion of our Zion, and 
to hope that it proves, in some good degree, instrumental in that 
promotion of the glory of God, of the interests of Evangelical 
piety, and of the eternal welfare of the human race, for which 
the Church of God was established. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The state of the Church, in the Diocese of New Jersey, 
through the Divine goodness, still continues, however slowly, 
to improve. 

Though there has been but one addition to the number of 
congregations, since the last report (the Church at Paterson), 
yet there has been an increase of members and of communicants, 
in several. More Clergymen now belong to the Diocese, and 
possess cures, than at any former period. The churches, with 
scarcely an exception, are in excellent repair. One of which, 
St. Michael's church, at Trenton, has been lately rebuilt, in an 
elegant style, and others have been improved and repaired. 
The vacant churches have enjoyed the regular administration 
of the word and ordinances, more frequently than formerly. 
They have been annually visited by the Bishop, some of them 
oftener ; several of them by the Rectors in their vicinity ; and 
all of them, by Missionaries. There is, therefore, cause for 
gratitude to the Divine Head of the Church, that, struggling 
with difficulties and discouragements, as our section of it has 
been for many years, we are yet permitted not only to live, but 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 537 

to anticipate, with considerable confidence, a still better state 
of our ecclesiastical affairs. 

Since the preceding General Convention, the Bishop of the 
Diocese has admitted to priest's orders, the Rev. James Mont 
gomery, formerly a deacon, in the Diocese of Pennsylvania; 
and to deacons' orders, Samuel Breighton Stratton, (since re 
moved to Maryland,) Francis H. Cuming, (since removed to 
the Diocese of New York,) George H. Woodruff, and Clarkson 
Dunn. 

Two institutions have taken place within the same time, the 
Rev. James Montgomery, to the Rectorship of St. Michael's 
Church, Trenton, (since removed to the Diocese of New York;) 
and the Rev. Abiel Carter, lately of the Diocese of Pennsylva 
nia, to the same Rectorship. 

Two candidates for holy orders have been admitted. 

Confirmations have been administered in eight Churches. 
The number confirmed, was one hundred and fifty-three. The 
number of baptisms reported since the last General Convention, 
is four hundred and eighty-two, and the present number of com 
municants, upwards of eight hundred. The Rubrics and Canons 
of the Church are generally observed with attention, and the 
authority of the Church respected. 

The Funds of the corporation for the relief of widows and 
children of clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
this State; of the Episcopal Society for promoting Christian 
knowledge and piety ; and the Fund for supporting Missiona 
ries, have increased considerably since the last report. The 
permanent Fund of the Episcopal Society has advanced from 
four hundred and seventy-five to upwards of eight hundred 
dollars ; at the same time, a very considerable number of Bibles, 
prayer-books and religious tracts have been gratuitously dis 
tributed by the Society, among the needy members of the 
Church, and others. 

The number of instituted Rectors in the Diocese, is nine. 
The whole number of clergymen, fifteen ; three more than were 
reported at the last meeting. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

There are, at this time, in the State of Pennsylvania, thirty 
clergymen of the Episcopal Church ; the greater part of whom 
are engaged in the discharge of parochial duty. 

The following persons have been ordained Deacons, in this 
Diocese, since the last General Convention : Richard S. Mason, 
Wm. A. Muhlenberg, Henry R. Judah, Samuel C. Brinckle, 



538 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

Manning B. Roche, Thomas Breiutnall, William Westerman, 
Joseph Spencer, John Rodney, Bird Wilson, William S Wil 
son, Charles G. Snowden, John Johns, Samuel Be. con, Henry 
Pfeiffer, and Samuel Sitgreaves, jr. 

The following Deacons have been ordained Priests : the Rev. 
George Sheets, the Rev. Albert A. Muller, of South' Carolina, 
the Rev. Jacob M. Douglass, the Rev. Charles M. Dupuy, the 
Rev. Thomas P. May, the Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D., of 
South Carolina, the Rev. John V. E. Thorn, the Rev. Bird 
Wilson, and the Rev. Samuel Bacon. 

There are, at present, the following candidates for orders in 
this Diocese : Samuel Marks, Charles P. M'llvaine, Ephraim 
Bacon, James Doughen, John P. Baukson, Robert Piggot, 
Richard H Morgan, Joseph Mason, Peter Van Pelt. 

This Diocese has been deprived, by death, of the Rev. Ab 
salom Jones, the Rev. Thomas P. May, and the Rev. John 
Campbell. 

St. Thomas's Church, Whitemarsh, St. Luke's Church, Ger- 
mantown, and Christ Church, Leacock, Lancaster County, 
have been consecrated by the Bishop. 

New churches are erecting at Lancaster, Easton and Mantua. 

Four recently organized parishes have been received into 
union with the Convention of the Diocese. 

The number of baptisms since the last General Convention, 
has been one thousand six hundred and sixty-eight, and of con 
firmations, seven hundred and twenty-four. The number of 
communicants reported to the last Diocesan Convention, is one 
thousand five hundred. 

From the representations of the missionaries who are sent 
out under the patronage of the Society for the advancemeut of 
Christianity in Pennsylvania, the agreeable intelligence is de 
rived, that a degree of religious sensibility is perceptible among 
the members of our communion generally, and an attachment 
to the distinctive principles of our Church, which, it is hoped, 
will, in time, lead to the most beneficial results. Under the 
influence of this pious zeal, the missionaries who have been sent 
into the interior parts of the State have been thankfully received 
and cordially welcomed ; and under their labours, congregations 
have been collected and organized, which will soon be able to 
erect for themselves places of public worship, and support their 
pastors. 

Societies have been established and respectably supported, for 
Sunday School instruction, and for distributing the Book of 
Common Prayer, and religious tracts. The Episcopal fund is 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. .539 

rapidly increasing, and the corporation for the relief of widows 
and orphans of clergymen has an extensive fund which prom 
ises to answer the purposes of its establishment. 

Upon the whole, it may be remarked, that the Church in 
Pennsylvania, under the blessing of her Divine Founder and 
Head, is as rapidly increasing in prosperity as, when all cir 
cumstances are considered, we have any reason to expect. 

DELAWARE. 

The state of affairs and the cause of religion, it is believed, 
are certainly improving ; and it is hoped, the set time to favour 
this part of our Zioii is near at hand. Since the last General 
Convention, several churches in the State have been repaired, 
and placed in good order, and have received considerable addi 
tions of families and communicants. There are fourteen 
Churches in this State, and the most of them have regular and 
stated religious services ; and those, which are not thus favoured, 
are visited occasionally by the clergy of the State. The Church 
in Wilmington has especially been favoured with God's bless 
ing within two years past, and has arisen from its desolate 
state. At Newcastle the prospect is brightening. The churches 
in Kent county are promising. At Middletown, exertions have 
been made to rescue the fine building the congregation of Ann's 
possess, from dilapidation; and the labour, bestowed lately upon 
them, has not been in vain. 

The Conventions of late have been more interesting, and are 
well attended ; and the rules of the Church are well observed. 
The Churches in Sussex county are in an improving State. Some 
of the congregation have made considerable exertions to repair 
their places of worship ; and their labours have not been in vain. 

On the whole, we have great reason to be thankful to the 
Great Head of the Church, that our prospects in this State 
justify the hope, that ere long, by the faithful cooperation of 
the Clergy and Laity, we shall yet see more " refreshing times 
from the presence of the Lord," and the cause of our Zion in 
this State arise from the desolations of many generations. 

There are, in the State of Deleware, four officiating Clergy 
men. There are about two hundred communicants. There have 
been one hundred and fourteen persons confirmed ; and one 
candidate received for holy orders, viz. Mr. Wells Wolfe. 

MARYLAND. 

It appears from the Journals of Conventions held in this 
Diocese since the General Convention, that eight hundred and 



540 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

nineteen persons have been confirmed, eight churches have been 
consecrated, fifteen persons have been admitted to holy orders; 
eight to the office of deacon, and seven to that of priest ; and 
nineteen clergymen have removed into the diocese, from other 
states. Several religious societies have been established ,and 
some are already productive of much good . Among these, are 
the " Prayer Book and Homily society of Maryland," " the 
Baltimore Female Tract society," (both of which receive some 
decree of support from persons not residing in that city,) and 
the Sunday schools attached to the different parishes of the 
diocese. In several parishes, where the ministry could not be 
obtained or supported, gentlemen, distinguished by their piety 
and standing in society, have received from the Bishop the ap 
pointment of lay readers ; and thus are instrumental in preserv 
ing among the members of our Church their attachment to her 
most devout and excellent services. Though much pressed by 
the cares of an extensive parish, containing about four hundred 
families, the Bishop continues to discharge the duties of his of 
fice throughout the diocese, and it was remarked in his last 
statement to the annual Convention, that, with the possible 
exception of some remote chapels, he had then completed his 
tour of Episcopal visitation. 

The Canons and rubrics of the Church are, it is believed, in 
most respects generally observed ; and upon the whole, we are 
allowed to cherish the hope that the prosperity of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church continues to strengthen and increase in 
Maryland, that her principles are better understood than for 
merly, that prejudices once entertained against her are re 
moved, that there is an increased attachment to her rites and 
ordinances, and that true religion is gaining ground in the 
hearts and lives of her members. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Almighty continues his gracious smiles to this part of 
his Church. Since the last General Convention a considerable 
number of new congregations has been formed, and a large in 
crease of ministers been added. The number of regular con 
gregations is about fifty, and of officiating ministers thirty. 
The most delightful unity prevails amongst the ministers. A 
strong attachment binds them and their congregations together. 
The conduct of communicants is becoming more and more seri 
ous and consistent ; and very few are now to be found, who 
bring reproach upon religion and the Church by immoralities, 
or an attendance upon the vain and sinful amusements of the 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 541 

world. The services of the Church are more punctually and 
zealously observed, and promise to be esteemed in proportion 
as they are duly understood. The ordinance of baptism espec 
ially, Avhich has hitherto been so neglected, or lightly and pro 
fanely performed, begins to excite the more serious attention 
Df the clergy and laity. Whereas the directions of the rubric 
enjoin the most public and solemn performance of it, where the 
prayers of the whole congregation may be obtained, it has been 
too customary, either through a false modesty or irreligious in 
difference, to prevail upon ministers to disobey the rubric, and 
let down the ordinance to a mere private ceremony, which has 
often been accompanied with unbecoming frivolity and mirth. 

The impiety of such a proceeding now appears in its true 
colours ; and a reformation has already begun and considerably 
advanced, which, it is hoped, will be aided and supported by 
the general voice of the Church. 

In this diocese a fund for the Episcopate has been commenced. 

The College of William and Mary has made an offer which 
promises important benefits to student > of theology, and has 
elected a clergyman of our Church a professor therein who will 
take charge of such students. 

A society has been organized to assist indigent young men 
who are candidates for the ministry, and from which the most 
beneficial results may be expected. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

At a period no more remote than the fall of 1816, the Pro 
testant Episcopal Church in this state, was nearly at the lowest 
point of depression. There were, indeed, some who felt a live 
ly interest in her welfare and who wept when they remembered 
Zion. But, like Israel of old, they hung their harps upon the 
willows in almost hopeless anguish. Even those few houses of 
God, which had, for some years before, occasionally or statedly 
resounded with his prai.se, were closed and deserted ; and the 
pious of our communion, though attached both by education 
and principle to the Church of their fathers despairing of seeing 
her ever again arise from the dust, stood ready to abandon her 
cause, and to unite themselves with any among whom they 
could enjoy, in any measure, the benefit of divine ordinances. 
But, blessed be the name of the Lord, the set time for Him to 
have compassion upon this part of Zion had come. He viewed 
with an eye of relenting mercy, the desolations with which his 
justice had visited her sins. The prayers of the faithful were 
heard by the Great Head of the Church, and the decree was 
sent forth Let Jerusalem be rebuilt. 



542 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

In the spring of 1817, was held the first Protestant Episcopal 
Convention, ever held in North Carolina. At which were pres 
ent lay delegates from four different parishes, and three of tho 
Clergy, whom Divine Providence, had, for the time being, 
brought to that state. Of these, two have since removed, the 
Rev. Bethel Judd, rector of St. John's Church, Fayetteville, to 
whom has succeeded the Rev. Gregory T. Bedell ; and the Rev. 
Jehu C. Clay, rector of Christ Church, Newbern, whose place is 
now supplied by the Rev. Richard S. Mason. Besides these 
three, the Church in this State is blessed at present, with the 
labours of four others, the Rev. John Avery, rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Edenton ; the Rev. John Phillips, who is settled in 
Trinity Church, Tarborough, and performs stated services at 
various places in its vicinity ; the Rev. William Hooper, Profes 
sor in the University of North Carolina; and Rev. Thomas 
Wright, missionary. Mr. Hooper will also act in the capacity 
of missionary, as far as it may be in his power ; and the Rev. 
John Toland is daily expected who will engage in the same 
service. 

Besides these seven Clergy, there are at present six candi 
dates for holy orders. William M. Greene, George S. Phillips, 
Robert Davis, William Lowry, John Davis, and Burton H. 
Hicocks. 

Since the last General Convention, the Right Rev. Richard 
C. Moore, D. D. has admitted the Rev. Richard S. Mason to the 
holy order of priesthood ; and William Hooper, Thomas Wright, 
and Henry M. Shaw, to that of Deacons. The last mentioned 
of these gentlemen, has since removed to the diocese of New 
York. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Moore has also consecrated a new 
church lately erected in Fayetteville, by the name of St. John's 
Church ; and held confirmation at various places, where were 
confirmed as follows : Fayetteville, sixty ; Newbern, fifty three ; 
Edenton, thirty ; Wilmington, one hundred and thirty-eight ; 
amounting in all, to one hundred and eighty-one. 

It n ay tend farther to throw light on the condition and his 
tory of the Church in this State to remark, that, a few years ago 
the number of communicants in all our churches did not exceed 
fifty ; whereas, they amount now to more than three hundred 
and fifty ; that besides the Protestant Episcopal Missionary 
Society of North Carolina, various charitable and religious 
societies have been established by the members of our commu 
nion ; that Bible classes and Sunday Schools are to be found in 
almost every parish ; and that the baptisms reported at the 



1820.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 543 

several Diocesan Conventions since the last General Conven 
tion, are two hundred and seventy-five ; of which, twenty are 
stated to be the cases of adults. 

Since the Church was organized in this State, ten parishes 
have, at different times been represented in the annual Conven 
tions ; and at least six more places will organize Churches as 
soon as they are visited by the Missionaries that have lately 
been appointed for that purpose. 

We are happy in reporting that, as far as we know and be 
lieve, the Clergy in this section of the country strictly observe 
the Canons and Rubrics of the Church. The case of private 
baptism forms, it is believed, the only exception ; and in that 
article, even, a reformation has commenced, which, we trust, 
will ere long become complete and universal. 

By the pcood providence of our God, the Church in this State 
has obtained help of the Lord at the very time when she seemed 
most likely to become extinct. Had this help been delayed 
but a few years longer, death would probably have swept away 
all those Episcopal predilections which yet exist in every sec 
tion of the country ; and which, by the blessing of Heaven, will 
become the seminal principles by which the Church, like the 
fabled phoenix, shall rise from her ashes. Her prospects are 
every day brightening more and more. Her friends are every 
where excited to hope and exertion. May their most sanguine 
hopes soon be realized ! may the great Head of the Church 
prosper the work ! and may this section of Zion speedily become 
the joy of the whole earth. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The diocese of South Carolina, it appears, has been deeply 
afflicted since the meeting of the last General Convention. 
The Clergy and Laity of that Church have not only to deplore 
the loss of their late diocesan, the Right Rev. Dr. Dehon, the 
recollection of whose virtues and talents they love to cherish 
in their hearts ; but death hath also deprived them of the Rev. 
Dr. Percy, late rector of St. Paul's church, Charleston, and of 
the Rev. Thomas Frost, late assistant minister of St. Philip's 
church, Charleston. The Episcopal office, however, was not 
suffered long to remain vacant ; but was happily filled by the 
election of the Rev. Dr. Bowen in February, 1818, who ap 
pears, from an address of his clergy, to possess their thorough 
confidence and affection. A fund for the support of the Bishop 
was likewise instituted in the same year, which is progressing 
and promises to effect the important object it contemplated. 



544 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1820. 

The number of Clergymen within the diocese of South Caro 
lina, has evidently increased, and there is yet no visible decline 
of the zeal of either the Clergy or the Laity. Mr. David I. 
Campbell, Mr. Francis P. Delavaux, Mr. Henry Gibbes, Mr. 
John "W. Chandler, and Mr. William Wilson, who had been 
received as candidates for holy orders by Bishop Dehon, were 
admitted to that of deacons ; the four first named in the diocese 
of South Carolina, and the last in that of Pennsylvania by 
letters dinaissory from the former. Mr. Edward Iiutle> ge, re 
ceived as a candidate for orders in this diocese, was ordained 
deacon, by virtue of letters dimissory, in the diocese of Con 
necticut. The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, the Rev. Albert A. 
Muller, the Rev. Maurice H. Lance, the Rev. Frances P. 
Delavaux, the Rev. Thomas Osborne ( since removed to the 
diocese of Ohio,) the Rev. Alston Gibbes, and the Rev. Joseph 
M. Gilbert have within the same period been ordained priests ; 
the two first at Philadelphia, and the others in South Carolina. 
Several candidates are now preparing for the ministry in that 
Diocese, and there is a prospect flattering to the hopes of the 
friends of the Church, that it will in this Diocese yet effectually 
be restored from the state to which it had, after the Revolu 
tionary war, been reduced. At present, it appears, there are 
more of its parishes supplied, than at any intermediate period 
since the war. 

The Protestant Episcopal Society for the advancement of 
Christianity in South Carolina, which was instituted a few years 
ago, and has prospered in an unexampled manner, has done 
much good. This society is, by its constitution, strictly identi 
fied w.th the Church. It devises and executes liberal things. 
By its funds it has helped to re-establish old parishes, which 
had fallen into decay. It actually contributes to the support 
of several ministers. 

A society has been also formed, consisting of young men and 
others, having missions for its object ; and it has already been 
instrumental of good by the employment of the Rev. Mr. 
Fowler in a quarter