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Full text of "Journals of general conventions of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the United States, 1785-1835"

. 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 
AT LOS ANGELES 




JODENALS OF GENERAL CONVEN(]ON$> 




OP THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

IN THE UNITED STATES, 1785-1835. 

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF GENERAL CONVENTION. 
EDITED BY 

WILLIAM STEVENS PEKRY, D. D. 



VOL. II. 
18231835. 



CLAREMOXT, N. H. 

THE CLAREMONT MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 
1874. 



Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1874, by 

WILLIAM STEVENS PERRY, 
As Secretary of the House of Deputies of the General Convention of the Protestant 

Episcopal Church in the United States, 
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



THB CLAREMONT MANUF*G CO., 

CLAREMONT, N. H., 
STKREOTYPEKS, PRINTERS AND BINDERS. 

(2) 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



INTRODUCTION. ..... 

JOURNALS : 

CONVENTION OP 1823. ... 
CONVENTION OF 1826. . . 

CONVENTION OF 1829. . . . ' 216 
CONVENTION OF 1832. . . .344 

CONVENTION OF 1835. ... 553 



(8) 

228358 



INTRODUCTION. 



This volume completes the reissue of the Journals of General 
Conventions from 1785 to 1835 inclusive. In its preparation 
pains have been taken to incorporate those errata which have 
the sanction of the original compilers of the successive Jour 
nals ; and, in several instances, to correct evident errors of the 
press which had escaped previous notice. In the lists of clergy 
further corrections have been made to render them conformable 
to the facts of the case. But nothing has been done which can 
in any way detract from the authority of the reprint as a faith 
ful reproduction of the Journals as they originally appeared 
from the press. 

It is with no little satisfaction that the editor presents this 
completed work to the members of the Church. For forty 
years the republication of these records of our legislation has 
been a desideratum. The story of the various efforts to supply 
this want has been already told in the preface to the first vol 
ume of this series. Seeking no personal return for the labor 
spent during more than a decade of years in securing the suc 
cess of the present attempt to meet this acknowledged want, 
the editor would venture to ask for the publishers of these vol 
umes the patronage and profit they have fairly earned. Should 



6 INTRODUCTION. 

the work receive the support it may reasonably claim, they, at 
least, will not be the losers by their ready trust in the Church's 
interest in an enterprise other publishers did not venture to 
undertake. 

Feast of St. Michael and All Angels, 1874. 
Trinity Rectory, Geneva, N. Y. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



OF THE 




stop! Qfjurrlj, 



IN 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



IN A 



GENERAL CONVENTION, 



HELD IN 



ST. PETER'S CHURCH, IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FBOM THE 

20TH TO THE 26TH OF MAY, INCLUSIVE, 

A.D. 1823. 

(7) 



JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 



HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D. of Pennsylvania, 
presiding Bishop. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D. of New York. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswokl, D. D. of the 
Eastern Diocese, comprising the states of Maine, New Hamp 
shire, Massachusetts, Vermont and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D. of Vir 
ginia. 

The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D. of Maryland. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D. of New Jersey. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D. of South 
Carolina. 

The Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D. of Ohio. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D. 
of Connecticut. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, of North 
Carolina. 
N. B. Those whose name are in Italics, were prevented from attending. 

HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 
N. B. The deputies whose names are in Italics, were not present. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Branson, The Rev. George Leonard, 

The Rev. Carlton'Chase, The Rev. Joel Clapp. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D. The Rev. Asa Eaton, 
The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., The Rev. James Mom. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker. 

The Rev. Jasper Adams, The Rev. Lemuel Surge. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, The Rev. Harry Croswell. 

The Rev. Daniel Burhans, The Rev. Truman Marsh. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 9 

NEW YORK. 

The Rev. David Butler, The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D. The Rev. Orin Clark. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., The Rev. John Croes, Jun., 
The Rev. John C. Rudd, The Rev. George Y. Morebotuse. 

PENNSYLVANIA. , 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., The Rev. Jackson Kemper, 
The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, The Rev. Levi Bull. 

DELAWARE. 

I The Rev. Ralph Williston, The Rev. Daniel Higbie. 

1 The Rev. Robert Clay, 

MARYLAND. 

The Rev. John Johns, The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, 

The Rev. George Weller, The Rev. William Hawley.* 

VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, 
The Rev. William Meade, The Rev. Oliver Norris. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. John Avery, The Rev. William Hooper, 

The Rev. Richard S. Mason, The Rev. William M. Green. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. C. E. Gadsden, D. D., The Rev. Milward Pogson. 

GEORGIA. 

The Rev. Edmund Malhews, The Rev. Abiel Carter^ 

The Rev. Hugh Smith. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 
VERMONT. 

Joshua Isham, George Cleveland, 

Alexander Fleming, Joshua Sheldon. 

* The following note was banded to the Committee of Publication, with a request that 
it might appear attached to the List of Members. The Rev Mr. Hawley. of the western 
shore, was unanimous y appointed by the delegation from the Diocese of Maryland, to fill 
the vacancy occasioned l>y the absence of the Her. Mr. Wicke.i, because there was no 
Clerical gentleman attending from the easteru shore of that diocese. 



10 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 



Gardiner Green, 
William Appleton, 



Thomas Lloyd Halsey, 
Stephen T. Northam, 



Oliver Coles, 



Morris S. Miller, 
Richard Harison, 



Peter Kean, 
Joseph V. Clark, 



Samuel Sitgreaves, 
John Read, 



Nvchola* Ridgely, 
Kensey Johns, 

Tench Tilghman, 
Francis S. Key, 



William Mayo, 
Hugh Mercer, 



John A. Cameron, 
Moses Jarvis, 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Joseph Head, 
George Sullivan. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Alexander Jones, 
Samuel Slater. 

CONNECTICUT. 
NEW YORK. 

Philip S. Van Rensselaer, 
John Wells, 

NEW JERSEY. 

Plunket F. Glentworth, 
George C. Thomas.* 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

William Meredith, 
Edward J. Stiles. 

DELAWARE. 

Daniel Rodney, 

MARYLAND. 

John C. Herbert 

Robert H. Goldsborough.* 

VIRGINIA. 

John Nelson, 
Robert Lewis. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Josiah Collins, 
Alexander Caldcleugh, 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 



Governeur M. Wilkins. 



George Jones. 
Anthony Barclay, 



GEORGIA. 

William W. Eazzerd. 



* Appointed agreeably to regulations of Conrention in their respective states, providing 
in case of absence in the elected delegation. Committee of Publication. 



1823.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 11 

Clergy who attended, the sittings of the Convention. 

NEW YOBK. The Rev. Henry Anthon, The Rev. William Barlow, The 
Rev. Thomas Breintnall, The Rev. George W. Doane, The Rev. Manton 
Eastburn, The Rev. James Milnor D. D., The Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, 
M. D., The Rev. Henri L. P. F. Peneveyre, The Rev. William Richmond, 
The Rev. Lucius Wraith, The Rev. Samuel H. Turner.D. D., The Rev. 
Jonathan M. Wainwright. 

NEW JERSEY. The Rev. Richard F. Cadle, The Rev. John M. Ward, 
The Rev. Wm. L. Johnson, The Rev. Jacob M. Douglass. 

PENNSYLVANIA. The Rev. Benjamin Allen, The Rev. Frederick Beasley, 
D. D., The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, The Rev. George Boyd, The Rev. 
Samuel C. Brinkle, The Rev. Jehu C. Clay, The Rev. Charles M. Dupuy, 
The Rev. Joseph Hutching, D. D., The Rev. Joseph Jaquett, The Rev. 
Richard U. Norman, The Rev. Morgan Nash, The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, 
D. D., The Rev. John Rodney, The Rev. William Thompson, The Rev. 
Bird Wilson, D. D., The Rev. James Wiltbank. 

MARYLAND. The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., The Rev. George 
M'Ellinney, The Rev. Charles P. M'llvaine, The Rev Stephen H. Tyng. 

VIRGINIA. The Rev. Edward R. Lippit. 

Students of the General Theological Seminary. 

FIRST CLASS. Robert B. Croes, Matthew Matthews, William T. Potter, 
William Shelton. 

SECOHD CLASS. Isaac Low, George A. Smith, James L. Yvonnet. 
THIRD CLASS. Dan forth Billings, Charles P. Elliott, Philip Gadsden. 
Henry M. Mason, Candidate for Holy Orders in Pennsylvania. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Jjfousp of Capital Hnh 




f . PHILADELPHIA, May, 20th, 1823. 

M l 1 ^ being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, several 
Clerical and Lay Deputies attended in St. Peter's Church, 
at 10 o'clock A. M. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. John S. Ravens- 
croft, and a sermon was preached by the Right Rev. Bishop 
Croes. 

After Divine Service, the Rev. William H. Wilmer, 
D. D. was requested to take the chair, and the Secretaries 
of the last Convention acted as Secretaries pro tern. 

The House then proceeded to read the testimonials of the 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, which were severally approved ; 
and the following gentlemen took their seats in the House. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

From Vermont, The Rev. George Leonard, The Rev. Carl- 
ton Chase. From Massachusetts, The Rev. Samuel F. Jar- 
vis, D. D. From Rhode Island, The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, 
The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, The Rev. Jasper Adams. 
From Connecticut, The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, The Rev. 
Daniel Burhans, The Rev. Harry Croswell, The Rev. Tru- 
(12) 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 13 

man Marsh. From New York, The Kev. David Butler, 
The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., The Rev. Benjamin T. On- 
derdonk. From New Jersey, The Rev. John C. Rudd, 
The Rev. John Croes jun., The Rev. George Y. Morehouse. 
From Pennsylvania, The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., 
The Rev. Jackson Kemper, The Rev. William A. Muhlen- 
berg. From Delaware, The Rev. Ralph Williston, The Rev. 
Daniel Higbie. From Maryland, The Rev. John Johns. 
From Virginia, The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D. 
The Rev. William Mead, The Rev. Edward 0. M'Guire, The 
Rev. Oliver Norris. From North Carolina, The Rev. Wil 
liam Hooper, The Rev. Richard S. Mason, The Rev. William 
M. Green. From South Carolina, The Rev. Christopher 
E. Gadsden, D. D., The Rev. Milward Pogson. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

From Rhode Island, Thomas Lloyd Halsey, Alexander 
Jones. From Connecticut, Oliver Coles. From New York, 
Morris S. Miller. From New Jersey, Peter Kean, Plunket F. 
Glentworth, George C. Thomas, Joseph V. Clark. From 
Pennsylvania, Edward J. Stiles Samuel Stigreaves, William 
Meredith, John Read. From Maryland, Francis S. Key, 
Tench Tilghman, Robert H. Goldsborough. From Virgin 
ia, William Mayo, Hugh Mercer, John Nelson, Robert 
Lewis. 

The House proceeded to the election of a President, Sec 
retary, and Assistant Secretary, when it appeared that the 
Rev. William H. Wilmer was chosen President ; the Rev. 
Ashbel Baldwin, Secretary ; xand the Rev. John C. Rudd, 
Assistant Secretary. 

The Rev. Mr. Baldwin offered his resignation as Secretary, 
which was accepted ; whereupon, resolved, that the thanks 
of this House be given to the Rev. Mr. Baldwin for his long 
and faithful services as Secretary. 

The Rev. Dr. Abercrombie and Mr. Meredith were ap 
pointed a Committee to inform the House of Bishops, that 
this House was organized and ready to proceed to business. 
The House of Bishops returned for answer, that they were 
also organized and ready to proceed to business, and that 
they had chosen the Rev. William H. De Lancey their 
Secretary. 



14 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

A Journal of the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Georgia was presented to this House, 
with an application of the Church in that State, to be re 
ceived into union with the General Convention. 

It appearing to the satisfaction of this House, that the 
Convention of Georgia had acceded to the Constitution of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, 

Resolved if the House of Bishops concur therein, that 
the Church in the State of Georgia, be received into union 
with the General Convention. 

This resolution, with the Journal and application of the 
Church in Georgia, was sent to the House of Bishops, who 
returned for answer, that they concurred in receiving the 
Church in Georgia into union with the General Convention. 

The Rev. Hugh Smith, a Clerical Deputy, and Mr. George 
Jones, a Lay Deputy, from Georgia, presented certificates of 
their appointment, which were read and approved, and they 
took their seats in the House. 

On motion, resolved, that the Clergymen of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church who may be in the City of Philadelphia 
during the session of the General Convention, the Professors 
of the General Theological Seminary, Students of Theology, 
and Candidates for Holy Orders, be admitted to the sittings 
of this House. 

Certain documents relative to the election of the Rev. 
John S. Ravenscroft as Bishop of North Carolina, were laid 
before this House, with a request for the House to grant the 
testimonial required by the third Canon of 1808, in rela 
tion to the consecration of a Bishop elect. 

The documents appearing satisfactory, the House resolved 
to grant the testimonial required, which was accordingly 
signed by all the members present, and sent to the House of 
Bishops, who returned for answer, that they would take the 
subject into consideration, and communicate to this House. 

On motion, resolved, that a list of the members of this 
House be published. 

On motion, resolved, that a committee, consisting of one 
member from each State represented in this Convention, be 
appointed to examine the Journals of the different State 
Conventions, Episcopal Charges, and Pastoral Letters, which 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 15 

have been, or which may be laid before this House during 
the present session ; to make inquiry into the state of the 
Church in each Diocese, and into the attention paid to the 
Kubrics and Canons ; to draw up a view of the state of the 
Church, and to report the same to this House, agreeably to 
the 45th Canon of 1808. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to compose said 
Committee, viz. 

Vermont, The Rev. George Leonard. 

Massachusetts, The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D. 

Rhode Island, The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker. 

Connecticut, The Rev. Harry Croswell. 

New York, The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk. 

New Jersey, The Rev. John C. Rudd. 

Pennsylvania, The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D. 

Delaware, The Rev. Daniel Higbie. 

Maryland, The Rev. John Johns. 

Virginia, The Rev. William Meade. 

North Carolina, The Rev. Richard S. Mason. 

South Carolina, The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D. D. 

Georgia, The Rev. Hugh Smith, 

The rules of order in the General Convention of 1820, 
were adopted as the rules of this House. 

On motion, resolved, that the hours of business of this 
House, during the present session, shall be from 9 o'clock 
A. M. to 3 o'clock P. M. each day. 

This resolution was sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, resolved, that a Committee be appointed to 
examine the Journal of the last General Convention, and 
report the unfinished business, if any. The Rev. Mr. But 
ler, the Rev. Mr. Wheaton. and Mr. Halsey, were appointed 
the Committee. 

The House adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, May 21, 9 o'clock, A. M. 
The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Butler. 
The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 
The House proceeded to the choice of Secretary and Assist- 



16 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

ant Secretary, when it appeared that the Rev. John C. Rudd 
was chosen Secretary, and the Rev. James Montgomery 
Assistant Secretary. 

The following gentlemen, whose testimonials had been read 
and approved, appeared and took their seats, viz. the Rev. Levi 
Bull, a Clerical Deputy from Pennsylvania ; theRev. John 
P. K. Henshaw, and the Rev. George Weller, Clerical Depu 
ties from Maryland ; the Rev. John Avery, a Clejical Deputy 
from North Carolina ; Governeur M. Wilkins, a Lay Deputy 
from South Carolina ; Kensey Johns, a Lay Deputy from 
Delaware ; John C. Herbert, a Lay Deputy from Maryland ; 
and Samuel Slater, a Lay Deputy from Rhode Island. 

On motion, resolved, that two Standing Committees be 
appointed, one upon the General Theological Seminary, and 
the other upon the General Domestic and Foreign Mission 
ary Society. 

Whereupon, the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, 
and Mr. Meredith, were appointed the Committee on the 
Theological Seminary. 

On the Missionary Society, the Rev. Mr. Kemper, the Rev. 
Mr. Croes, and Mr. Mercer, were appointed the Committee. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
certain documents from South Carolina, relative to the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary, which were read, and referred to 
the Committee on that subject. 

On motion, resolved, that the Committee on the state of 
the Church be requested to ascertain, as nearly as they can, 
the number of candidates for the ministry in the several 
dioceses, and embody the result in their report. 

The Committee appointed to examine the Journal of the 
last General Convention, reported as unfinished business, 
the alteration of the first article of the Constitution pro 
posed in 1820 ; the resolution on the subject of establishing 
a College, to be under the superintendence of the General 
Convention ; and the reports of the two committees, one on 
the subject of raising a fund for the General Convention and 
the other for the Constitution and Canons as adopted in 
1789, with subsequent amendments and alterations. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper laid before the House the Consti 
tution of the Missionary Society, with proposed alterations, 
which were referred to the Missionary Committee. 



[1823. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 17 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, inform 
ing this House that they had examined the testimonials of 
the election of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft to the Episco 
pate of North Carolina ; and that they had agreed to proceed 
to his consecration to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 

Mr. Kean called up the subject of the proposed alteration 
of the first article of the Constitution, relative to the time 
and place of meeting of the General Convention. The ques 
tion being taken by states, was decided as follows. 

Clergy. Laity. 

Vermont, No. 

Massachusetts, Aye. 

Rhode Island, No No. 

Connecticut, Aye Aye. 

New York, Aye. Aye. 

New Jersey, Aye. Aye. 

Pennsylvania, Aye. Aye. 

Delaware, Aye. Aye. 

Maryland, No. No. 

Virginia, Aye. Aye. 

North Carolina, Aye. 

South Carolina, Aye. Aye. 

Georgia, Aye. Aye. 

So the proposed alteration was adopted, and notice there 
of sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, resolved, that the Pew on the right of the 
Chair be appropriated to the use of the Bishops, when they 
may be disposed to attend the sittings of this House. This 
resolution was sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, resolved, that the delegation from each State 
be called upon for their respective nominations of Trustees 
of the General Theological Seminary ; whereupon, such 
nominations were laid upon the table, and referred to the 
Committee on the Theological Seminary. 

The following documents, which had be n laid before the 
House, agreeably to the 45th Canon of 1808, were referred 
to the Committee on the state of the Church. 

From Vermont, printed Journal for 1822, with the Con 
stitution of the Church in that State, and ab 
stracts of the Journals for 1820 and 1821. 



18 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Rhode Island, written Journals for 1821 and 1822. 
New York, printed Journals for 1820, 1821, and 1822, 
and a Pastoral Letter from the Bishop of 
the Diocese. 

From New Jersey, Printed Journals for 1S20, 1821, and 
1822, and an abstract of the Proceedings of 
the Corporation for the Relief of Widows and 
Children of Clergymen. 

Pennsylvania, Printed Journals for 1821 and 1822. 
Delaware, Printed Journal for 1822. 
Maryland, Printed Journal for 1822. 
North Carolina, Printed Journals for 1821, 1822, 1823, 
and a Sermon by the Right Rev. Bishop 
Moore. 
South Carolina, Printed Journals for 1821, 

1822, and 1823. 

Georgia, Printed Constitution of the Church in that 
state, and the Journal of the first Conven 
tion for 1823. 
The House adjourned. 



THURSDAY, May 22, 9 o'clock A. M. 

The House met. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, a Clerical Deputy from Delaware, 
and the Rev. William Hawley, a Clerical Deputy from 
Maryland, having produced testimonials of their appoint 
ment, appeared and took their seats. 

The Rev. Dr. Lyell asked, and obtained leave of absence 
for the remainder of the session. 

On motion, resolved, that the Secretary of this House be, 
and he is hereby, directed to obtain a proper record book, 
and that he therein record the proceedings of this session of 
this House, and that said book be preserved as the record 
book of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, wherein to 
record all future proceedings of this House. 

Notice of this resolution was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The house adjourned to St. Paul's Church, to attend the 
consecration of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, Bishop elect 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 19 

of North Carolina. Morning Prayer was read by the Kev. 
Mr. Green, and a sermon was preached by the Right Rev. 
Bishop Griswold. 

2 o'clock P. M. 

After Divine Service the House met. 

The Rev. Orin Clark, a Clerical Deputy from New York, 
having presented his testimonials, appeared and took his seat. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, accom 
panied with a portion of a letter from the Right Rev. Bishop 
Chase, relative to the situation of the Church in the Diocese 
of Ohio, which was referred to the Committee on the state 
of the Church. 

Messrs. Mayo and Nelson asked and obtained leave of 
absence for the remainder of the session. 

The House adjourned. 



FRIDAY, May 23, 9 o'clock A. M. 

The House met. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that they had concurred in adopting the 
proposed alteration of the first article of the Constitution. 

The House adjourned to attend Divine Service, and hear 
the sermon directed to be preached this day before the Do 
mestic and Foreign Missionary Society. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, and 
the sermon was preached by the Right Rev. Bishop White, 
President of the Society. 

12 o'clock noon. 

The House reassembled for business. 

Mr. Alexander Caldcleugh, a Lay Deputy from North 
Carolina, having presented his testimonials, appeared and 
took his seat. 

On motion, resolved, if the House of Bishops concur there 
in, 1. That a joint Committee be appointed to consider, and 
report to the next General Convention, whether any, and if 
any, what, alterations it is proper to make in, or additions to, 
the Book of Psalms and Hymns in metre, now allowed to be 



20 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

used in this Church ; 2. That the said Committee consist of 
three Bishops, to be appointed by the House of Bishops, and 
seven Clergymen, and seven Laymen, to be appointed by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; 3. That seven mem 
bers of this Committee be a quorum for transacting busi 
ness, provided there are included at least one Bishop, two 
Clergymen, and two Laymen ; and that the concurrence of 
the three orders shall be necessary to constitute a decision 
of the Committee. 

The foregoing resolutions were sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

The committee appointed at the last General Convention 
to report, the Constitution as adopted in 1789, with altera 
tions, &c., made a report, which was ordered to lie on the 
table. 

The joint Committee of the last General Convention on 
the subject of a standard copy of the Book of Common 
Prayer, made a report, which was read and accepted. [See 
Appendix No 1.] 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, on 
the subject of proposed alterations of the Constitution of 
the Missionary Society, which was read and referred to the 
committee on the Missionary Society. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
a report of the Trustees of the Theological Seminary. Or 
dered to lie on the table. 

The Rev. Mr. Burhans, the Rev. Mr. Higbie, and Mr. 
Thomas, asked and obtained leave of absence for the re 
mainder of the session. 

The Committee on the State of the Church made the fol 
lowing report ; 

The Committee on the State of the Church regret that 
the too general non-compliance with the requisition of the 
45th Canon of 1808, has prevented as full a view of the sub 
ject referred to them as they would wish to present. That 
Canon makes it " the duty of the Secretary of the Conven 
tion of every Diocese or State, or of the person or persons 
with whom the Journals or other ecclesiastical papers are 
lodged, to forward to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, at every General Convention, the Journals of the differ 
ent State Conventions since the last General Convention, 



1823.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 21 

together with such other papers, viz., Episcopal Charges, 
Addresses, and Pastoral Letters, as may tend to throw light 
on the State of the Church// 

These requisitions have been but very partially complied 
with. From such sources, however, as were within their 
reach, the Committee have drawn up the following report, 
which they propose for the adoption of this House, as the 
report required by the 45th Canon of 1808, to be sent to 
the House of Bishops. 
Signed, 

JAMES ABERCROMBIE, Chairman. 

The proposed report on the State of the Church was then 
read in part, when the House adjourned. 



SATURDAY, May 24th, 9 o'clock A. M 

The House met. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Smith. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

Mr. Slater asked, and obtained leave of absence for the 
remainder of the session. 

The reading of the proposed report on the State of the 
Church was now resumed and finished, and the said report 
adopted as the report of this House, and after being signed 
by the President, was sent to the House of Bishops. 

REPORT. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance 
with the 45 Canon of 1808, have taken a general veiw of the 
State of the Church, and send the same, as required by the 
said Canon, to the House of Bishops. 

VERMONT. 

There has been a gradual and steady advancement of the 
Church in this State, since the last meeting of the triennial Con 
vention. By a late dicision of the supreme court of the United 
States, a large amount of landed property is expected to come 
into the possession of the Church, which will afford a permanent 
revenue for the support of the clergy, for which the gratitude 



22 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

of the Episcopalians is due to that venerable society, which was 
first in those exertions for the promotion of Christianity, that 
so peculiarly distinguish the present period, which has done, 
and is still doing so much for extending the influence of pure 
and undefiled religion, on this and on the other continent the 
Society in England for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. Since the last report of the general State of the Church, 
a church has been consecrated at Manchester ; the church at 
Windsor has been finished and consecrated, a work that does 
great credit to the zeal and liberality of the Episcopalians of 
that town, especially to the munificence of one individual ; the 
contribution of the Hon. Jonathan H. Hubbard, in the land on 
which it is built, and in money to build it, amounting to more 
than two thousand dollars ; a church is now ready for conse 
cration in the town of Berkshire, and another has been com 
menced this season in the town of Bethel. The number of 
communicants has very considerably increased during the three 
years last past ; but our clergy have suffered a diminution by 
the removal of the Rev. Mr. Beach, and by the untimely and 
lamented death of the Rev. Mr. Gray, who was successfully 
officiating in Berkshire and the adjacent towns. A missionary 
society was organized in this State in 1821, which, small as are 
its means, has already been attended with some good effects. 
They are employing a missionary, the Rev. Mr. Brainard, lately 
ordained a Deacon, in the northern parts of the State, who gives 
a favourable account of his mission. Still there is much more 
to be done, which we hope, through 'that grace, without which 
nothing is strong, nothing is holy, to see in due time ac 
complished. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Church in this Diocese may justly be represented as 
flourishing, if we take into view the difficulties and trials which 
it has had to encounter. Notwithstanding the political and 
religious prejudices which operated here with peculiar hostility, 
there were 17 Churches {founded in Massachusetts proper, be 
tween the years 1679 and 1774. During the revolution two 
Clergymen only continued the exercise of their public ministra 
tions ; yet of the 17 thus founded, 15 have been preserved to 
this day, through evil report and good report; and though 
most of them are small, they are still united and striving to 
gether for the faith of the Gospel. The Churches here enumer 
ated, are Trinity Church and Christ Church, Boston ; St. 
Peter's, Salem ; St. Michael's, Marblehead : St. Paul's, New- 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 23 

buryport ; Christ Church, Cambridge ; St. Paul's, Dedham ; 
St. Andrew's, Hanover ; Trinity, Marshfield ; Trinity, Bridge- 
water ; , Taunton ; Christ Church, Quincy ; , Hopkinton ; 
St. James's, Great-Barrington ; and St. Luke's, Lanesborough. 
Trinity Church and Christ Church, Boston, are full and flour 
ishing. The Churches at Newburyport, Great-Barrington, and 
Lanesbourough, are also thriving. The Church at Salem has 
lately become vacant, and is consequently suffering ; but when 
again supplied, will doubtless regain, and probably increase, its 
former strength. The Churches at Hanover and Marshfield 
have been for some years united under the rectorship of the 
Rev. Mr. Wolcott, and are increasing. Those of Bridgewater 
and Hopkinton are stationary for the want of missionaries, 
having been vacant most of the time since the revolution, and 
kept alive only by the occasional services of visiting ministers. 
The Rev. Isaac Boyle has been settled, within the last year, at 
Dedham, where the prospects of the increase of the Church are 
encouraging. Such also is the case with the Church at Quincy, 
where the Rev. Mr. Cutler is officiating. During the present 
year an attempt has been made to alter the charter of the Epis 
copal parish at Marblehead, so as to convert it into an Inde 
pendent or Congregational Society. The attempt was occa 
sioned by the declining state of this once prosperous church, 
which has never recovered from the blow it received at the 
revolution. Through the merciful Providence of God, this de 
sign was defeated, and what was meant as an occasion of its fall 
ing, has been the means of increasing its strength. A mission 
ary is now established there, and the scattered remnant of the 
flock are returning to the fold. At Tauutou public service has 
been suspended in consequence of the accidental demolition of 
the small and inconveniently situated church which was erected 
there in 1767, The members of that congregation have of late, 
however, expressed a wish to build in a more favourable posi 
tion. In case this measure is accomplished, they will be 
supplied with a missionary. The Church at Cambridge, found 
ed the year, 1761, but deserted and almost destroyed during the 
revolution, has languished ever -since, having been chiefly sup 
plied by lay readers, who were resident graduates at Harvard 
University. It is now in so ruinous a state, that it was thought 
necessary to suspend public worship in it in December last, 
since \^iich time it has not been opened. The Episcopal stu 
dents at the University have amounted, for a series of years, to 
one seventh of the whole number ; and this year there are 45, 
most of whom are from the middle and southern states. The 



24 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

students are not allowed to come to Boston to attend Divine 
Service ; and the Episcopalians, their own Church being closed, 
are required to attend constantly at the College chapel. It is 
due, however, to the President of the College to state, that he 
has expressed a desire to have the church repaired ; and pro 
vided with a suitable minister, as a mean of providing for the 
accommodation of those students who profess to be Episcopal 
ians. If the influence of impressions made on the minds of 
these youug men during the interesting period of collegiate life 
is properly considered, the state of this Church will produce a 
feeling of anxious solicitude in the bosom of every parent in 
our communion, who wishes to have his children enjoy the ad 
vantages which that distinguished and richly endowed Universi 
ty offers. The church at Cambridge is therefore to be considered 
a chapel for Episcopal students, and as such, a subject of gen 
eral interest. 

Such is the state of the Churches formed previously to the 
revolution. Since that event, eight new congregations have 
been organized, and seven of those within the last ten years. 
These are St. Paul's and St. Matthew's Churches in Boston ; 
St. James's Church, Greenfield ; Trinity Church, Montague ; 
St. John's, Ashfield ; St. Mary's, Newton ; St. Paul's, Lenox ; 
and Church, Springfield. 

It is remarkable that the Churches formed since the revo 
lution are, generally speaking, more vigorous than those which 
existed previously to that event. The fact is doubtless to be 
accounted for from the absence of those political prejudices 
which were then excited, from the supposed inseparable con 
nexion of episcopacy with monarchy. Shortly after the sessiou 
of the last General Convention, St. Paul's Church, Boston, 
which had been built in the preceding year, was consecrated to 
the service of Almighty God ; and it is now nearly, if not quite, 
equal in numbers to Trinity Church. What renders this in 
crease a subject of greater thankfulness, is the fact that it has 
taken place without weakening in any respect the previously 
existing Churches. On the contrary, both Trinity and Christ 
Church are as full, if not fuller, than they were before the erec 
tion of St. Paul's St. Matthew's was unhappily built in South- 
Boston, a new part of the city, connected with it by a toll- 
bridge, and in which there are few inhabitants, most of whom 
are labourers, and a great many of them Irish Roman Catholics. 
It is under the care of a lay reader, and is slowly increasing, 
but is not likely to have a full and permanent congregation for 
many years. 



1823.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 25 

St. James's, Greenfield on Connecticut river, is of very few 
years standing, but having been blest by the constant services 
of a zealous and faithful pastor, it has become one of the most 
flourishing parishes in the State. By his ministrations, the two 
congregations at Ashfield and Montague have been recently 
organized. The former is especially flourishing, and is the 
most promising field for missionary labours in the whole State. 

The Church at Springfield, on Connecticut river, was organ 
ized, and for a short time enjoyed the ministrations of the Rev. 
Mr. Rutledge, of South Carolina. Since he left it there has 
been, it is believed, no service there, excepting when they have 
been visited by the Bishop, or Mr. Strong, the rector of the 
Church at Greenfield, who is the only one near them. The 
want of clergymen to act as missionaries, is sensibly felt by this 
little flock. 

It is not so with the Church at Newton. This zealous con 
gregation have, with the aid of occasional missionary labours, 
for the few years since their Church was built, and by the 
constant use of the Liturgy, built themselves up so, that, during 
the past year, they have elected their first rector, and now sup 
port him without depending on any other than their own 
exertions. 

The Church at Lenox, which though mentioned last, was the 
first formed after the revolution, is in a very flourishing state, 
and is quite equal, if not superior in numbers to the old parish 
of Lanesborough, with which it is connected, under the pastor 
al care of the Rev. Aaron Humphries. 

These twenty three Churches are all which are at present or 
ganized. It is impossible to state the aggregate amount of 
their parochial reports, as these have not been given with suf 
ficient accuracy to warrant anything more than a conjectural 
estimate. 

A Missionary Society for Foreign and Domestic Purposes, 
was incorporated in the year 1815, with a provision enabling 
them to distribute Bibles, Prayer Books, Tracts, and volumes 
of a religious and moral character. This society, which had 
remained inactive, and without funds, was revived in 1822, and 
has commenced its operations with a prospect of considerable 
success. The want of missionaries, however, has been the chief 
obstacle with wjiich it has had to contend. Employment 
might be given at once to five or six, and the society have but 
two. The increase of manufactures in Massachusetts has, with 
in the last few years, been uncommonly great, and this has at 
tracted to that part of our country a large number of English 



26 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

families, most of whom were educated in the principles of our 
common faith, and are attached, from habit at least, it not from 
higher motives, to the externals of our worship. These are 
scattered over the whole State, and if exertions are not speedily 
made to supply their wants, they must inevitably be lost from 
our communion. In addition to this, it may be remarked, that 
there is every where visible a growing respect for our Liturgy, 
and for the Episcopal office and ministry. It may, therefore, 
be said, without exaggeration, that no part of our country pre 
sents to the faithful and diligent minister, who would gladly 
spend, and be spent in his Master's service, a greater field of 
usefulness. 

The number of clergy in Massachusetts is 20, of whom three 
only are in Deacon's orders. One is connected with Harvard 
University, two have private schools, two are at present chap 
lains in the navy, aud three are without cures. 

Since the last Convention, the Bishop has admitted, on the 
recommendation of the Standing Committee of this State, 
Messrs Alfred Baury, Silas Blaisdell, Stephen H. Tyng, Ben 
jamin Clark Cutler, and Lot Jones, to the order of Deacons ; 
and the Rev. Isaac Boyle, and the Rev. Alfred Baury to that 
of Priests. Mr. Tyng removed soon after his ordination to 
the Diocese of Maryland. The institutions, since the last Con 
vention, have been the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., to the 
Rectorship of St. Paul's Church, Boston; and the Rev. Isaac 
Boyie, to the Rectorship of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. The 
Rev. Jonn L. Blake has lately removed from Concord, in New- 
Hampshire, to Boston, where he has opened a boarding school 
for the education of young ladies. 

There are at present, recommended by the same Standing 
Committee, six candidates for orders : William T. Potter, Jo 
seph Mueucher, Thomas S. W. Mott, Benjamin C. C. Parker, 
James Everett, and Theodore Edson. One of these is a student 
of the General Theological Seminary, two at Andover, and three, 
from the want of means of support at New York, are obliged to 
pursue their studies in private. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

No material change has taken place in the Church of Rhode 
Island during the last three years. The several congregations 
are in a state of continued prosperity. The Rev. George Taft 
has recently been settled in North Providence, under very aus 
picious circumstances. The Rev. Mr. Alden is employed as a 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 27 

missionary in the State, and measures were adopted, at the last 
meeting of the Convention, to increase the contributions for 
missionary purposes, which promise to be successful. Sunday 
schools are established in all the congregations ; and a proper 
regard is paid to the canons and rules of the Church. There 
are two candidates for the ministry and three preparing to 
become candidates. Number of baptisms 151 communicants 
619. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The state of the Church in the Diocese of Connecticut has 
been steadily improving since the last triennial report; and 
now generally appears under prosperous circumstances. In 
some instances, the increase of communicants has been alto 
gether unprecedented ; and in every parish where the minis 
trations of the word and ordinances are regularly enjoyed, the 
congregations are advancing in number, zeal, and respecta 
bility. 

The following churches have been finished and consecrated, 
viz. St. Paul's, Sharon ; St. John's, Kent ; St. Paul's, Ripton ; 
St. John's, Washington ; St. John's, Essex ; St. Paul's, Wood- 
bury ; and Grace Church, Hamdeu. These are all new, 
spacious, and commodious edifices, reflecting great credit on 
the zeal and liberality of the respective parishes. St. An 
drew's Church, in Northford, raised before the revolutionary 
war, having been completely refitted and finished, has also 
been consecrated. The churches in Hartford and Bridgeport, 
in consequence of the increasing demand for seats, have been, 
so altered as to accommodate their growing congregations. 
Three other churches are now building in the Diocese. 

The following persons have been admitted to the holy or 
der of Deacons : Edward Rutledge, since removed to South- 
Carolina ; Daniel Somers, since removed to Maryland ; 
Beardsley Northrup, lately a minister of the Methodist con 
nexion ; David Botsford, since deceased ; Bennet Glover ; 
Thomas Warner, late of the Associate Reformed Church in 
New York ; Moses P. Bennett, since removed to Pennsylva 
nia ; Seth B. Paddock ; Palmer Dyer, since removed to New- 
York; John M. Garfield ; Lemuel B.Hull; William Jarvis ; 
and Ransom Warner. 

The following Deacons have been admitted to the holy or 
der of Priests: The Rev. Peter G. Clarke; the Rev. Origen 
P. Holcomb; the Rev. George B. Andrews; the Rev. Thomas 
Warner, since removed to the island of St. Croix, West Indies ; 



28 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

the Rev. Beardsley Northrup ; and the Rev. Seth B. Paddock. 

The following Clergymen have been removed by death 
The Rev. Richard Mansfield, D. D. at the age of 97 ; the Rev. 
John Tyler, also at a very advanced age ; the Rev. William 
Smith, D. D. and the Rev. David Botsford, Deacon. 

The Rev. Solomon Blakesley has removed to the Eastern 
Diocese, and the Rev. Jonathan Judd to Maryland ; and the 
following Clergymen have been received into the Diocese : 
The Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, and the Rev. Stephen Jewett, 
from New York ; the Rev. William J. Bulkley, and the Rev. 
Henry R. Judah, from Maryland; and the Rev. Stephen. 
Beach, from Vermont, employed as a missionary. 

The Clergy of the Diocese consist at present of the Bishop, 
forty Presbyters, and four Deacons : and the following persons 
are candidates for holy orders: William Shelton, George 

Shelton, Todd, Edward Ives, Hector Humphreys, 

Enoch Huntington. 

The rite of confirmation has been administered to rising of 
1600 persons. 

For the purpose of preserving that strict regard to the can 
ons and rubrics of the Church, which is one of the characteris 
tics of the Diocese, the convocations of the Clergy have been, 
employed in settling an uniform practice throughout the re 
spective parishes ; and it is believed that departures from the 
established rules of the Church seldom or never occur. 

The Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, 
having determined to devote its receipts for the present to the 
support of missionaries within the Diocese, has been enabled, 
by the annual collections in the several parishes, and by the 
aid of auxiliary societies established in many of them, to em 
ploy two or three active missionaries, whose labours have 
been already crowned with the most flattering success. 

The agent for the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society 
has visited a few of the larger parishes in the Diocese, for the 
purpose of making collections, and his success has been such 
as to afford an earnest that the claims of that society will not 
be neglected in Connecticut. 

The Episcopal Fund, partly through the munificence of the 
state administration, and partly by the liberality of the respec 
tive parishes in the Diocese, now amounts to a sum nearly 
sufficient to give to the Bishop an adequate support. 

Sunday schools are generally established throughout the 
Diocese ; and by the adoption of measures for pursuing a sys 
tematic course of instruction, are becoming highly beneficial 
to the interests of the Church. 



1823.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 29 

A memorial is now before the state legislature, praying for 
the charter of a college, to be located either in Hartford, Mid- 
dletown, or New-Haven, and to be under the patronage and 
direction of Episcopalians. 

Amid the general prosperity of the Church in Connecticut, 
however, it is not to be disguised that there are some circum 
stances of an unfavourable tendency. Many of the parishes 
are still small and depressed ; and in consequence of the fre 
quent emigrations from the state, are sometimes deprived of 
their most active members. These are only partially sup 
plied ; as, in many cases, one Clergyman has the care of two, 
three, or more parishes ; and even with his laborious, charge, 
it too frequently happens that his support is altogether dispro- 
portioned to his labours. But a hope is indulged, that through 
the instrumentality of missionary exertions, the Lord will 
cause the waste places to be repaired, and the whole Diocese 
to become a flourishing portion of his vineyard. 

NEW-YORK. 

The Diocese of New-York contains eighty-nine Clergymen, 
(viz. The Bishop, sixty-nine Presbyters, and nineteen Dea 
cons,) and 127 congregations. 

Since the last stated General Convention, the following per 
sons have been ordained Deacons, viz. Benjamin Dorr, Am 
brose S. Todd, (since removed to Connecticut,) Henry P. 
Powers, (since removed to New-Jersey,) Moses Bart, Peter 
Williams, jun. (a coloured man,) James P. F. Clarke, William 
Thompson, (since removed to Pennsylvania,) George W. 
Doane, Lawson Carter, Ezra B. Kellogg, (since removed to 
Ohio,) Phineas L. Whipple, William B. Thomas, Algernon S. 
Hollister, Alonzo P. Potter, Manton Eastburn, Thomas K. 
Peck, Levi S. Ives, William S. Irving, Richard Bury, Wil 
liam L. Johnson, (since removed to New Jersey,) Seth W. 
Beardsley, Burton H. Hecox, John Sellon, and Augustus L. 
Converse. Total 24. 

. The following Deacons have been ordained Priests, viz. 
The Rev. George Upfold, M. D. the Rev. Alexis P. Proal, 
the Rev. Charles M'Cabe, the Rev. Leverett Bush, the Rev. 
Henry M. Shaw, (since removed to Maryland,) the Rev. 
William Barlow, the Rev. John Grigg, the Rev. Francis H. 
Cuming, the Rev. Deodatus Babcock, the Rev. Marcus A. 
Perry, the Rev. William Richmond, the Rev. William H. 
De Lancey (since removed to Pennsylvania,) the Rev. Law- 



30 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

son Carter, the Rev. James P. F. Clarke, and the Rev. Benja 
min Dorr. Total 15. 

The institution of the following Clergymen to their respec 
tive Rectorships has taken place, viz. The Rev. William A. 
Clark, to that of Christ Church, Balston-Spa, Saratoga 
county ; the Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, to that of Christ Church, 
Hudson, Columbia county; the Rev. Parker Adams, from 
South Carolina to that of St. John's Church, Johnstown, 
Montgomery county ; the Rev. Alexis P. Proal, to that of St. 
George's Church, Schenectady ; and the Rev. Henry Authou, 
to that of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida county. 

The following Clergymen have also been settled in their 
respective stations, viz. The Rev. David Huntington, Rector 
of St. Paul's and St. Mary's Churches, Charlton, Saratoga 
county ; the Rev. John V. E. Thorn, from Pennsylvania, 
Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, Queen's county ; 
the Rev. William Richmond, from Pennsylvania, Rector of St. 
Michael's and St. James's Churches, New York ; the Rev. 
Peter Williams, jun. (a coloured man,) Deacon, Minister of St. 
Philip's Church, New York, of which the congregation is com 
posed of coloured persons; the Rev. George Upfold, M. D. 
Rector of St. Luke's Church, New- York ; the Rev. Benjamin 
Dorr, Rector of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, Rensselaer 
county, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga county ; the 
Rev. Jonathan M. Waiuwright, Rector of Grace Church, New- 
York ; the Rev. George W. Doane, Deacon, a temporary As 
sistant Minister of Trinity Church, New York; the Rev. Lewis 
P. Bayard, from New Jersey, Rector of Trinity Church, New- 
Rochelle, Westchester county ; the Rev. Samuel Phinney, 
Rector of St. John's Church, Ithaca, Tompkins county ; the 
Rev. William B. Thomas, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, 
Fishkill. Dutchess county ; the Rev. William S. Irving Dea 
con, Minister of St. Mark's Church, Le Roy, Genesee county; 
the Rev. Seth W. Beardsley, Deacon, Minister of Christ 
Church, Sackett's Harbour, Jefferson county ; the Rev. James 
P. F. Clarke, Rector of St John's Church, Canandaigua, On 
tario county; the Rev. Richard Bury, Deacon, Minister of 
Christ Church, Duanesburgh, Schenectady county ; the Rev. 
Manton Eastburn, Deacon, Assistant Minister of Christ 
Church, New York. 

The Rev. John Sellon, Deacon, officiates to a congregation 
which occupies the building formerly the parish church of the 
parish of Christ Church ; which congregation, it is expected, 
will soon be organized. 

Twenty Missionaries are at present employed in this Dio- 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 31 

cese ; of whom the following have entered on their duties since 
the last stated General Convention : The Rev. Marcus A. 
Perry, from the Eastern Diocese ; the Rev. Algernon S. Hollis- 
ter Deacon ; the Rev. Thomas K. Peck, Deacon ; the Rev. 
Levi S. Ives, Deacon ; the Rev. Palmer Dyer, Deacon, from 
Connecticut ; the Rev. Lawson Carter ; the Rev. Phineas L. 
Whipple, Deacon ; the Rev. Moses Burt, Deacon ; the Rev. 
Frederick T. Tiffany, Deacon ; and the Rev. David Brown. 

The following persons are candidates for orders : George 
M. Robinson, Eleazar Williams, Samuel R. Johnson, Augustus 
G. Dauby, David Osborne, Henry N. Hotchkiss, Richard 
Salmon, Orsimus H. Smith, Marvin Cady, W. W. Botswick, 
Edward K. Fowler, W. C. Meade, Samuel Morse, Edward 
Neufville, jun. Cornelius R. Duffle, Lewis Bixley, William R. 
Whittingham, Danforth Billings, James L. Yvonnet, Benja 
min Holmes, Isaac Low, Henry J. Whitehouse, Charles P. 
Elliot, John Duer. 24. 

It has pleased the Divine Head of the Church to preserve 
this Diocese from any loss of its Clergy by death. It is pain 
ful, however, to be obliged to notice that the Rev. James P. 
Cotter, a Presbyter, and the Rev. Asahel Davis ,a Deacon, of 
the Diocese, have been displaced from their respective 
grades in the ministry, under the seventh Canon of the General 
Convention of 1820. 

The following Churches have been duly organized, and re 
ceived into union with the Convention of this Diocese : St. 
John's Church, Ogdensburgh, St. Lawrence county ; Zio i 
Church, Russel, St. Lawrence county; St. Mary's Church, 
Charlton, Saratoga county ; St. Luke's Church, New York ; 
St. John s Church, Ithaca, Tompkins county ; Trinity Church, 
Fredonia, Chatauque county; Trinity Church, Cherry Valley, 
Otsego county. Total 7. 

The following Churches have been consecrated by the 
Bishop; St. Luke's Church, Rochester, Monroe county; 
St. Paul's Church, Buffalo, Erie county ; St. George's Church, 
Flushing, Queen's county ; St. Luke's Church, New York ; 
Grace Church, Jamaica, Queen's county ; St. Philip's Church, 
New York, (rebuilt after destruction by fire ;) Christ Church, 
Binghamton, Broome, county ; Christ Church, New York. 
8. 

The Churches at Flushing and Jamaica have been erected 
in the place of former edifices, which had gone to decay. 
Christ Church, New York, has been built by the old parish of 
that name, who have disposed of their former church ; the 
present situation of which is noticed above." 



32 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Again the third time in less than eight years the mem 
bers of our communion in the city of New Vork, have lost a 
Church by fire. In December, 1821, St. Philip's was de 
stroyed. It is highly creditable, however, to the prudence of 
the vestry of that Church, which is composed of coloured 
persons, that the building was insured. This circumstance 
enabled them to erect, on the same spot, the very neat edifice 
which was consecrated in December last. 

The Missionary and Parochial reports for the last three 
years, furnish the following aggregate : Baptisms (Adults 
529, Infants 2713, not specified 1282,) 4524 Marriages 1112 
Funerals 3488. 

The number of communicants reported at the last Conven 
tion, is 4722. 

The number of persons reported by the Bishop as con 
firmed, since the last stated General Convention, is 1797. 

The collections for the Missionary Fund, reported at the 
last three Conventions, amount to $ 4603.25J ; and for the 
Episcopal Fund, to $ 1866.83*. 

Missionary labours continue to receive much attention, and 
to be very usefully prosecuted. The appointment and charge 
of the Missionaries rest solely with the ecclesiastical authority. 
There are a number of Missionary Societies ; but their only 
object is to collect funds to be placed at the disposal of the 
Committee for Propagating the Gospel, which is appointed by 
the Convention, and of which the Bishop is, ex officio, chair 
man. As an important portion of our western country is in 
cluded within the bounds of New York, and the rapid increase 
of its population renders obvious the duty of extending to it 
proportionable means for the diffusion of the principles and 
practice of the Gospel, it is gratifying to find this section of 
our Church bestowing its efforts in this way. There are 
annually raised, in various ways, within the Diocese, and 
devoted to this object, about $ 2500. The reports of the 
Missionaries afford the gratifying hope that much good to 
religion and the Church is thus effecting. 

Besides these missionary exertions at home, the members 
of the Church in this Diocese lent a willing ear to the late 
earnest and affecting appeal of the Bishop of Ohio for assist 
ance to the Missionary Society of that Diocese, from the 
more favoured sections of the Church in the Atlantic States. 
It appears by the returns of the ai^ent of the Ohio Society, that 
of the $2911.9, raised by him, 6 1339.17, were from the 
Diocese of New York. 

The several Societies of the Church in this Diocese con- 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 33 

tinue their beneficial operations. Under their auspices, Bibles, 
Common Prayer Books, and religious Tracts, are distributed 
in considerable numbers, funds are raised for missionary pur 
poses, and the benefits of gratuitous Sunday instruction ex 
tended to a large number of children and others. As con 
nected with this latter branch of religious charity, may be 
mentioned the existence and successful operation, in the city 
of New York, of an Episcopal Charity School, originally 
established, long before the revolution, but lately enlarged 
and organized on Dr. Bell's system, extending daily instruc 
tion to 250 poor children, and particularly devoted to their 
improvement in Christian knowledge and piety. 

It appears by the address of the Bishop to the last Conven 
tion, that there is now a fair prospect of securing, at Geneva, 
in this Diocese, what has been so long a desideratum in our 
Church a College, to be under the management and direction 
of her members. Should the efforts to this end prove suc 
cessful, as there is every reason to hope they will, very essen 
tial benefit to the cause of our Church and religion, may be 
anticipated. 

To this notice of matters relating to the outward State of 
the Church in this Diocese, it is gratifying to be able to add, 
that there is reason to hope, that in the much more essential 
point of spiritual prosperity, the divine blessing continues to 
rest upon it; and that hi the enjoyment of this, very satisfac 
tory evidence is afforded of the natural tendency of the insti 
tutions of our Church, and of conscientious adherence to her 
primitive and evangelical order, to promote the interests of 
true Gospel piety and with them, the glory of the Saviour, arid 
the spiritual and eternal good of his people. 

NEW JERSEY. 

In New Jersey the Church continues gradually to improve.. 
The number of Clergymen is thirteen ; the Bishop, nine Pres 
byters, and three Deacons. The number of congregations is 
twenty-eight ; eighteen of which have the enjoyment of regular 
service ; the remainder, of occasional service by a Missionary. 
The number of Churches is twenty-five, which, with one ex 
ception, are in excellent repair. A new one, of considerable 
size, to be constructed of stone, is in progress in'Newton, in 
Sussex county, in which place no Episcopal Church has ever 
been erected. 

Since the last stated General Convention, the Bishop of 
the Diocese has admitted to Deacons' orders, John Mortimer 
Ward ; and the following Deacons, viz. the Rev. Richard F. 



34 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Cadle, and the Rev. Henry P. Powers, to Priests' orders. 

Within the same period, the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard has 
removed to the Diocese of New York ; the Rev. Simon Wil- 
mer, to the Diocese of Virginia; the Rev. Augustus Fitch, 
Deacon, to the Diocese of New York ; the Rev. Daniel Higbie, 
to the Diocese of Delaware ; the Rev. George H. Woodruff, 
(since deceased,) to the Diocese of Pennsylvania ; and the 
Rev. Abiel Carter, to Savannah, in Georgia. 

The Bishop has also, within that time, instituted the Rev. 
Richard F. Cadle, to the Rectorship of St. John's Church, Sa 
lem ; the Rev. Jacob M. Douglass, to the Rectorship of 
Trinity Church, Swedesborough ; and the Rev. Henry P. Pow 
ers, to the Rectorship of Trinity Church, Newark. 

The Rev. John M. Ward has taken charge of St. Peter's 
Church, Spotswood, and St. Peter's, Freehold; and the Rev. 
William L. Johnson, late of the Diocese of New- York, of St. 
Michael's Church, Trenton. 

Robert B. Croes is at present the only candidate for holy 
orders. 

The number of baptisms reported to the last three Diocesan 
Conventions, is four hundred and twenty-three. The number 
of persons who have been confirmed, is two hundred and eleven. 

The communicants in the Diocese amount to about seven 
hundred and forty.* Attention is generally paid to the Canons 
and Rubrics of the Church, and her authority is respected in 
the Diocese. 

The Sunday Schools are flourishing, and promise much good. 
Very considerable benefit is derived from the Missionary fund, 
which is gradually increasing. It has already been the means, 
under the Divine blessing, of preserving and rescuing several 
Churches from impending ruin, and of fostering and improving 
the condition of others. 

The fund of the Corporation for the Relief of Widows and 
Children of Clergymen, is likewise in a Very prosperous state ; 
upwards of $8000 of which are now at interest. 

The Episcopal Society of this Diocese, for the promotion of 
Christian Knowledge and Piety, which was instituted princi 
pally for the distribution of Bibles, Prayer Books, and Tracts, 
has succeeded beyond calculation. Its support is derived 
chiefly from four or five congregations ; yet it has been able, 
through the smiles of Providence, to distribute, and almost 
altogether gratuitously, upwards of two thousand Prayer 

* In the last report there was an error in the calculation, it should 
have been seven not eight hundred. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 35 

Books, besides a large number of Bibles, and more than five 
thousand Tracts. Its permanent fund also exceeds $ 1000. 

The congregations, with an occasional exception of one or 
two, are visited yearly by the Bishop. 

From all these circumstances, it is evident that the Church 
in this Diocese is regularly improving, both in its temporal and 
spiritual concerns. May it, under the blessing of its Divine 
Founder and Head, still progress, and become instrumental, in 
a higher degree, to the promotion of his glory, and the best in 
terests of men. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Diocese of Pennsylvania consists at present of the Bishop, 
twenty-nine Presbyters, four Deacons, and forty-four congre 
gations. 

Since the last stated General Convention, the following per 
sons have been admitted by the Bishop of this Diocese, to the 
holy order of Deacons: Charles P. M'llvaine, (since removed 
to the Diocese of Maryland,) Joseph Jaquett, Thomas H. Tay 
lor, (under letters dimissory from the Bishop of South Caro 
lina,) Peter Van Pelt, jun., (since removed to South Carolina,) 
and Richard U. Morgan. 5. 

Within the same period, the following Deacons have been 
ordained Priests : The Rev. Charles G. Snowden, the Rev. 
John Rodney, jun., the Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, the Rev. 
Samuel C. Briuckle, the Rev. Manning B Roche, the Rev. Wil 
liam Thompson, the Rev. Peter Van Pelt, jun., (under letters 
dimissory from the Bishop of South Carolina, and the Rev. Jo 
seph Jaquett. 8. 

The following Clergymen have taken charge of the parishes 
annexed to their respective names : The Rev. William A. 
Muhlenberg, associate Rector of St. James', Lancaster, and 
St. John's, Pequea; the Rev. Jehu C. Clay, Rector of St. 
James', Perkiomen, and St. John's, Norristowu ; the Rev. 
Benjamin Allen, from Virginia, Rector of St. Paul's, Philadel 
phia ; the Rev. William Thompson, from New York, Rector of 
Trinity Church. Pittsburg ; the Rev. William H. De Lancey, 
from New York, an Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 
Peter's and St. James, Philadelphia ; The Rev. Moses P. Ben- 
net, from Connecticut, Minister of Christ Church, Greenburg ; 
the Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves, jun., Minister of St. Stephen's 
Church, Wilkesbarre ; the Rev. Richard U. Morgan, Rector 
of St. Paul's, Chester, and St. Martin's, Marcus Hook ; the 
Rev. Joseph Jaquett, Minister of St. James's, Bristol ; the Rev. 
Joseph Spencer, Rector of St. John's, Carlisle ; the Rev. James 



36 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Montgomery, Rector of St. Stephen's, Philadelphia ; the Rev. 
Gregory T. 'Bedell, Rector of St. Andrew's, Philadelphia; and 
the Rev. John P. Bailsman, jun., from Maryland, Minister of 
the Churches in Fayette county. 

The Rev. Dr. Joseph Hutchins has returned from Barbadoes, 
and resides in Philadelphia. The Rev. Dr. Wilson is Profess 
or of Systematic Theology in the General Seminary. The Rev. 
Joseph Spencer is Professor of Languages in Dickinson College, 
Carlisle. The Rev. Norman Nash is at present officiating at 
Huntingdon and its neighbourhood. 

There are ten candidates for holy orders. Several young 
meij are preparing to become candidates. 

This Diocese has been deprived by death of the Rev. Joseph 
Turner, the Rev. Slator Clay, the Rev. George Woodruff, and 
the Rev. Elijah G. Plumb. 

Charles G. Snowden, and Manning B. Roche, formerly Pres 
byters of this Church, have been displaced from the ministry, 
agreeably to the provisions of the seventh Canon of 1820. 

There have been duly organized in this Diocese, and received 
into union with its Convention, St. Stephen's Church, Wiikes- 
barre ; Trinity Church, Southwark ; St. Mark's Church, Man 
tua ; St. Stephen's Church, Philadelphia ; St. Andrew's Church, 
Philadelphia ; and Christ Church, Greensburg. 6. 

The following Churches have been consecrated by the Bishop: 
St James's Church Lancaster; Trinity Church, Easton ; St. 
Mark's Church, Mantua'; Trinity Church, Southwark; and St. 
Stephen's Church, Philadelphia. 5 

Confirmation has been administered in the following 
Churches : St. John's Church, New London ; St. David's Rad 
nor ; St. James's Lancaster ; Christ Church, Leacock ; St. 
John's Pequea ; rinity Church, Easton ; St. John's, Carlisle ; 
Christ Church, Adams county ; St. John's York ; St. John's, 
Norristown ; Trinity Church, Southwark ; All Saints' Church, 
Lower Dublin ; Trinity Church Oxford ; St. Mary's, Chester 
county ; Bangor Church, Church town ; and in several Churches 
in the city of Philadelphia. The number confirmed was 618. 

The number of baptisms reported since the last General Con 
vention is 1591, of whom 196 were adults. The number of 
communicants reported at the last Diocesan Convention is 1606. 
Sunday Schools exist in many of the parishes, and are flourish 
ing. Their effects have been highly beneficial both upon pupils 
and teachers. 1587 scholars were reported from 11 congrega 
tions. Bible classes have been established in some parishes, 
and have been found highly advantageous. 

In consequence of the exertions of some respectable ladies of 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 37 

the city of Philadelphia, a Scholarship has been established in 
the Theological Seminary by the deposit of $2500 in its Treas 
ury. In aid of the same institutiou, a board of agents, estab 
lished in Philadelphia, has collected $1500. 

The Church in this Diocese has exhibited much interest in 
the concerns of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. 
Several public meetings were held in Philadelphia to promote 
its important objects. Eight Auxiliary Societies have been or 
ganized. Some of the Clergy have been made patrons by the 
female members of their congregations. The Treasurer's state 
ment shows that in Pennsylvania there are 10 patrons, 9 life 
subscribers, and 71 annual subscribers. 

The interest thus exhibited in the cause of this institution, 
has not, and, it is trusted, will not effect the concerns of those 
societies which have been established to promote the welfare of 
the Church within the bounds of the Diocese. The Society for 
the Advancement of Christianity continues its useful labours. 
Eight Clergymen have acted as its Missionaries, or have been 
assisted from its funds, while they were endeavouring to build 
up infant Churches. Three Missionaries are now in their em 
ploy, and they are anxious to obtain some more. They are in 
possession of the stereotype plates from which the standard 
edition of the Book of Common Prayer, authorized by the 
last General Convention, is publshed. This Society, and the 
Pilmore Society of St. Paul's, Philadelphia, recently estab 
lished, have aided six young men in their preparation for 
the ministry. Tracts, Homilies, and well selected books for 
Sunday Schools, are published and distributed by societies 
formed for the purpose. The Episcopal Fund is increasing in 
a manner highly gratifying to all the members of the Church. 
The resources of the Corporation for the Relief of Widows and 
Orphans of Clergymen, are quite extensive ; they exceed $30,- 
000. The Venerable Bishop of the Diocese still continues at 
the head of the first Bible Society ever formed in America. 
The annual meeting of the convention has been altered of late, 
on purpose that it may not interfere with the anniversary of the 
Bible Society of Philadelphia. 

. In consequence of a resolution of the Convention of 1822, 
the greater part of the Clergy have devoted a portion of their 
time to vacant congregations, and to those vicinities where 
hopes are entertained that Churches may be established. The 
result has been considered highly useful. At comparatively a 
very small expense, about 40 Sundays have been devoted to 
Missionary labour, and a proportionable number of sermons 
have been preached. 



38 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 



DELAWARE. 

The Diocese of Delaware continues nearly in the same state 
it was at the meeting of the last General Convention, with the 
exception of some improvements in repairing and building 
Churches. There are 14 Churches in this State, mostly in good 
repair, nine of which are under the pastoral care of the three 
Clergymen resident in the State. 

Immauuel's Church, at New Castle, has been rebuilt, and or 
namented with an elegant steeple. This was effected by the 
well-directed effort of a small number of families. This Church 
was consecrated last fall by the Right Rev. Bi>hop White. St. 
James's parish, near Stanton, are building a commodious church ; 
and some improvements have lately been made in some of the 
Churches in other parts of the Diocese ; and we discover an in 
creasing desire for the prosperity of our venerable and apostolic 
Church in this State : and it appears to us that a great and ef 
fectual door is now open in this Diocese, for the most zealous 
labours of Christian Missionaries ; and the most sanguine hopes 
are entertained that one united effort will be made to rescue this 
branch of our venerable Church from final ruin. Although a 
gleam of hope beams upon the Church in this State, yet its con 
dition is still deplorable, and speaks to the general Church in 
the language of supplication, and seems to say, Come over 
and help us help us to rescue this once important part of our 
Church from final ruin. And may we not indulge the hope that 
the time is not far distant, when, under the blessing of the 
Great Head of the Church, the united efforts of the Clergy and 
Laity will produce a general reformation, and evangelical piety 
will spread its benign influence to every part of this Diocese; 
and the primitive and interesting service of our Church be duly 
performed in every congregation ! 

There are in the State three officiating Clergymen, and about 
three hundred and fifty communicants. The Canons and Ru 
brics of the Church are in most respects generally observed ; 
and there is in some parts of the State a growing attachment to 
the Liturgy of the Church. 

MARYLAND. 

Since the meeting of the last General Convention, the pros 
perity of the Church in this Diocese has been steadily progres 
sive. The number of communicants has considerably multi 
plied ; and in general there is an increasing attention, among 
the different congregations, to the services of the sanctuary, and 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 39 

a continued call for the labours of devoted ministers. From 
the address of the Right Rev. Bishop, to the Clergy and Laity 
assembled in the last Convention, the following paragraph is an 
extract: "When I look back to the depressed state of the 
Church at the time I entered the holy ministry, and contrast 
that state with the present appearances, my heart expands with 
joy, and I am completely confirmed in the belief, that to extend 
the limits and the influence of this truly apostolic Church, noth 
ing is wanting but a sufficient supply of well educated and faith 
ful ministers." 

Deeply impressed with a conviction of this truth, the Con 
vention had, for some time past, been anxious to place within 
immediate reach, such facilities as might encourage the efforts 
of those young men who are solicitous of being duly prepared 
for the high and responsible office of the Gospel ministry. At 
their last meeting, in 1822, the following proposal was brought 
before them "Resolved, that it is now expedient, in reliance 
in the blessing of God for success, to establish a local Theolo 
gical Seminary." This resolution, as appears from the recorded 
votes, was adopted by a very large and respectable majority of 
both orders. On this measure, some diversity of sentiment has 
existed. The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies refrain from 
the expression of any opinion on the merits of this measure. 
To the Bishop of the Diocese, it may be deemed due to state, 
that this act of the Convention has met with his decided dis 
approbation and strenuous opposition. The progress and in 
fluence of this institution are now in experiment. 

At the same Convention it was also resolved to establish a 
Diocesean Missionary Society for the State of Maryland, aux 
iliary to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. A Con 
stitution was adopted, and a Board of Managers elected, of 
which the Bishop is, ex-officio, the President. Those societies 
which had been previously established, continue their operations 
with encouraging success. The Prayer Book and Homily So 
ciety, especially, promises much aid to the general interests of 
the Church, and great utility to its individual members. On 
the whole, the members of this Diocese have reason to be thank 
ful to the Great Head of the Church, and to rejoice in those 
tokens for good, which they have been privileged to receive. 

VIRGINIA. 

No material alteration has taken place in the condition and 
character of this Church since the last report. The number of 
its ministers had increased until the last year, when, by deaths 



40 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

and removals, it was reduced to the number reported to the last 
triennial Convention. Some valuable ministers have been lost 
to the State by reason of the great difficulty of procuring a 
support for them in these times of unparalleled pecuniary em 
barrassment. 

Since the last triennial Convention, a measure which had 
long been deemed of high importance to the interests of the 
Church in Virginia, has been pressed on the attention of its 
members : to wit, the establishment of a Theological School in 
some suitable situation within the Diocese. It has pleased a 
gracious Providence so to bless the endeavours, that the sum of 
$14,300 has been subscribed, a considerable part already paid, 
and a good prospect held out of ultimate success. The fund 
for the support of the Bishop is still gradually increasing. 

As to the spiritual condition of the Church, to which all out 
ward means are intended to be subservient, it is hoped and be 
lieved that its ministers faithfully declare the whole council of 
God, and that just views of religion prevail among the congre 
gations committed to their care. God continues to be gracious 
in the gift of his Holy Spirit, and considerable additions are 
made to the Church of such as, it is hoped, shall be saved. It 
is particularly worthy of grateful acknowledgment, that an un 
usual display of the power of religion has of late been witnessed 
in the town of Fredericksburg. The hearts of many have been 
most deeply affected with a sense of their lost condition, by na 
ture and practice ; they have earnestly inquired "what shall we 
do to be saved ;" they have attended anxiously upon the as 
semblies of God's people ; from house to house, as well as in the 
public temple, the life-giving word has been preached to them, 
and importunate prayer offered up to the God of grace for their 
pardon and sanctificatiou. The result has already been the con 
version of a goodly number to the Lord who bought them and 
a deep solemnity and anxious spirit of inquiry seems generally 
to pervade the congregation. 

Long may this happiness continue to the Church of Freder 
icksburg, and may all the Churches of our land obtain the same 
blessing from the Lord. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The prospects of the Church in this State are equally as 
bright and encouraging as they were represented to be in the 
General Convention of 1820. Its renewal resembles indeed less 
the restoration of an old and decaying, than the healthful 
growth of a young and vigorous plant. This appears, not only 
from the rapid augmentation which has already taken place in 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 41 

its numbers, but from the principles of increase which it appears 
to possess within itself. Its present prosperity is visible in the 
addition to the number of its congregations and clergy, in the 
erection of new Churches, in the increase of baptisms and com 
municants, in the greater zeal manifested for the fundamental 
doctrines, and correspondent practices, of our holy faith in gen 
eral, and of the government and discipline of our Church in 
particular ; also in the formation of Bible, Prayer Book, Mis 
sionary, and Tract Societies, and Societies for the encourage 
ment of industry, and relief of indigence. 

There are at present twenty-five congregations in this State, 
being seventeen more than was reported at the General Conven 
tion of 1820. Most of these, however, are small, and but badly 
provided with ministerial services. Some are attended by Mis 
sionaries, at regular, indeed, but long intervals ; while many 
have to depend entirely on the occasional visits of the paroch 
ial Clergy. This want has been supplied as far as possible, by 
the appointment of Lay Readers, and much benefit has appar 
ently resulted from the measure. Congregations have, in some 
instances, been saved, in a good degree, from dissolution ; great 
er interest has been produced for the cause of the Gospel, and 
a better acquaintance contracted with the more common forms 
and ceremonies of the Church. 

There are eight Clergymen at present officiating in the State, 
viz. The Rev. Adam Empie, St. James's Church, Wilming 
ton ; the Rev. John Avery, St. Paul's Church, Edenton ; the 
Rev. William Hooper, St. John's Church, Fayetteville ; the 
Rev. Richard S. Mason, Christ Church, Newbern ; the Rev. 
William M. Green, St. John's Church, Williamsborough ; the 
Rev. R. 'J. Miller, Christ Church, Rowan county; the Rev. 
Thomas Wright, Calvary Church, Wadesborough ; and the 
Rev. Robert Davis, Missionary. Besides the duties rendered 
to the Churches to which they are now particularly attached, 
the Rev. Messrs. Wright, Miller, and Green, perform Missionary 
services in the congregations nearest the field of their regular 
labours. Completeness has recently been given to the organiza 
tion of the Church in this Diocese, by the election and consecra 
tion of the Rev. J. S. Ravenscroft, as Bishop thereof: an event 
which we hail with every demonstration of Christian joy ; and 
for which we are bound to render unfeigned thanks to the Great 
Head of the Church : an event which promises the most incal 
culable benefit to this portion of Christ's kingdom. This Dio 
cese had, indeed, as far as was practicable, been blessed with 
the counsel and fatherly care of the pious and diligent Bishop 
Moore, of Virginia ; and deeply and gratefully sensible were all 



42 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

of the importance and benefit of his labours. But his being 
resident in another Diocese, and the multiplied concerns of that 
Diocese rendering it impossible for him to pay such attention 
as was necessary to this State the election and consecration of 
a Bishop was eagerly desired. And unanimously has that elec 
tion, and most happily has that consecration, been effected. 

Since the last triennial Convention, but three Clergymen have 
removed from the State : The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, now 
Rector of St. Andrew's, Philadelphia; the Rev .Samuel Sit- 
greaves, who acted a short time as Missionary, and is now in 
Pennsylvania ; and the Rev. John Phillips, now in Virginia. 
The following ordinations have taken place within the last three 
years : The Rev. William Green, and the Rev. Robert Davis, 
to the holy order of Deacons ; and the Rev. R. J. Miller, to the 
order both of Priest and Deacon, in the year 1821. In 1822, 
the Rev. William Hooper, the Rev. William M. Green, and the 
Rev. Thomas Wright, to the order of Priests. The following 
persons are at present candidates for orders in this State : Mr. 
George W. Freeman, of Warrenton ; Mr. George W. Hatha 
way, of Wadesborough ; Mr. Moss, of Warren ton. 

The following are lay readers: Mr. George W. Hathaway, 
Wadesborough; Mr. Walker Anderson, St. Mary's Chapel, 
Orange county ; Mr. Ichabod Wetmore, St. Matthew's Church, 
Renston ; Mr. James Marsh, St. Thomas's Bath ; Mr. Jarvis B. 
Buxton, Zion Church, Beaufort county. 

A neat and commodious Church has been erected at Warren- 
ton ; one is in rapid progress at Washington ; and a very ele 
gant one is nearly completed at Newbern. The Church at 
Williamsborough has been thoroughly repaired ; and the at 
tention of the congregations in general seems to be turned to 
the erection of new, or the reparation of decayed, places of 
worship. 

The baptisms, since 1820, have been about 430 ; and the num 
ber of communicants, as at present stated, are 480 ; but this is 
far from being the exact number, as a great part of the congre 
gations not having the benefit of regular ministerial attendance, 
their true state cannot be reported. 

It is evident to those who have observed the condition of the 
Church in this State, that a greater zeal for the Gospel, and a 
higher standard of moral principles and conduct, have been pro 
duced among its adherents. A greater knowledge has been ac 
quired of the distinguishing principles of our Church, and an in 
creasing attention has been paid to its forms and ceremonies. 

The hope of increased prosperity depends on the prospect of 
greater stability in those congregations which have been already 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 43 

formed ; but which, as yet, walk with the feeblneess and hesita 
tion of childhood; on the formation of new congregations, 
where Churchmen are resident ; and, lastly, on the effects to be 
produced on ground not yet occupied, in places where Christ 
ians of no denomination have as yet laboured, we may almost 
say, have as yet existed. 

It is believed, that, generally speaking, the canons and regu 
lations of the Church, are as regularly attended to in this, as in 
any other part of our Church. 

A munificent bequest of from fourteen to fifteen thousand dol 
lars has been recently made by the late Mrs. Blount, of Tar- 
borough, for the purpose of erecting a Church in the city of 
Raleigh. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. * 

Since the last General Convention, the number of Clergy in 
this Diocese has increased. In 1820 there were twenty-seven ; 
there are at present thirty-five, the Bishop, 28 Presbyters, and 
six Deacons. Some of the parishes have been endeavoring to 
create permanent funds. In one of the parishes, the planters 
had taxed themselves, in addition to their annual contribution, 
two per cent, on the proceeds of their crops ; and thus have cre 
ated an accumulating fund, which will soon equal the amount, 
when its interest will be applicable to the support of their Rec 
tor. In another parish, several individuals have given each 
$1500 to create a fund for the same purpose. The fund for the 
support of the Episcopate, which was commenced in 1818, is 
gradually accumulating. It amounts, at present, to $8000. At 
the suggestion of the Bishop, a committee has been appointed to 
inquire into the state of the proprety belonging to the Church, 
in parishes where there exist no vestries and to adopt measures 
for securing the same to the uses of the Diocese. 

Within the period embraced in this report, there have been 
admitted to the order of Priests, six David I. Campbell, J. 
"W. Chanler, Henry Gibbes, R. Dickenson, E. Rutledge, and 
Peter Van Pelt ; the latter by the Bishop of Pennsylvania. 
And to that of Deacons, also six persons of this Diocese : W. 
H. Mitchel, E. Philips, B. H. Fleming, F. H. Rutledge, M. 
Motte, and T. H. Taylor ; the latter by the Bishop of Pennsyl 
vania. The number of candidates, recognized by this Diocese, 
is four. 

The Rev. Thomas Osborne, who had removed into Ohio, has 
returned to the parish he formerly had in South-Carolina. Six 
young men from this Diocese have been pursuing their studies 



44 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

preparatory to the ministry, at the General Theological 
Seminary. 

There are at present thirty-five organized congregations. 
Five of them are vacant. Since this State was settled by Christ 
ian people, there have never been so many ministers of our 
communion as at present. 

The Protestant Episcopal Society for the Advancement of 
Christianity in South-Carolina has essentially contributed to 
the present promising condition of our Ecclesiastical concerns. 
It has aided several of the parishes, otherwise unable to support 
ministers. The missionaries sent forth at different times, have 
all, with a single exception,* derived their whole support from 
this society. It is formed on the most comprehensive plan, being 
at once a Bible, a Prayer Book, a Tract, a Missionary, and an 
Education Sooiety. Its books have been distributed in most of 
the parishes. It has aided several young men while engaged in 
their academical studies, preparatory to theology ; after which, 
it has been hoped, our Theological Seminary, by Scholarships, 
or otherwise, would provide for them. It possesses a select li 
brary, which contains about one thousand volumes, and is in 
creasing, instituted more particularly for the use of the Clergy 
and the candidates for the sacred office. 

The Charleston Protestant Episcopal Missionary Society, com 
posed of Young Men and others, designed to act as auxiliary to 
the elder institution, when necessary, and to send Missionaries 
beyond the Diocese, within which the earliest society is restrict 
ed, has had a Missionary for nearly two years at St. Augustine. 

The exciting among our youth an interest in the cause of the 
Redeemer and his Church, and the regulation of their zeal by 
well established principles, are among the valuable effects which 
appear to have resulted from this association. 

The Ladies Domestic Missionary Society is supporting, for the 
second year, a minister for the benefit of the poor, and such per 
sons as hold the faith of the Church, but are not connected with 
any of our congregations. The flock thus gathered, at present 
meet in a room for public worship, but measures have been 
adopted for erecting a church. It is designed to accommodate 
the poor, the stranger, the seaman, and others of our commun 
ion, who, in the city of Charleston, need such a charity. Of 
this Missionary Society, the Bishop remarks in his last address 
to the Convention, " consisting of respectable pious female mem 
bers of our Church, it is characterized by a zeal of Christian 
charity, as prudent as it is unostentatious, and adorned with the 

The mission to Cheraw, here referred to, was partly maintained by the 
Young Men's Society. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 45 

meek and quiet spirit, which, in the sight of God, is of great 
price." 

This Church, the worshippers at which will be subjected to no 
expense, will also afford additional accommodation for our col 
oured population. It appears that a large number of this class, 
both bond and free, have a decided preference for the worship 
of our Church. In communicating to them Christian instruc 
tion and excitement, many and peculiar difficulties are unavoid 
able. But it should be recorded as an encouragement to perse 
verance, and in gratitude to the Giver of Grace, that the salu 
tary influence of Christian motives, is evidenced in the lives of 
many of them in their fidelity to their masters in their kind 
ness to each other in their recognition of the claims of govern 
ment in contentment, meekness, and devotedness to the one 
thing needful. The calls to attention in the forms of our public 
worship the power of its music the invariable use of the same 
prayers the simplicity of language which adorns our liturgy 
the plan of reading the Scriptures in order, whereby ' the whole 
counsel of God" is declared in his own words the concise sum 
mary of faith in the creed, and of obedience in the command 
ments, repeated Sunday after Sunday the practice of reciting 
after the minister, whereby prayers suitable for private use are 
learned, and all the fundamental truths of the Gospel these, 
and other circumstances, prove that the system of our Church 
is eminently adapted to promote the spiritual welfare of the il 
literate, and those who have dull minds. To this subject, the 
Bishop has constantly, in private, and in his annual addresses 
invited the attention of the Clergy. He speaks of this class of 
our fellow beings, " as a portion of that moral creation, for which 
Christ died, and for whose spiritual and moral happiness, and 
the alleviation of their temporal lot, as inseparable from that, 
we are sacredly bound to be concerned." 

Sunday Schools are in successful operation in several of the 
parishes. They are chiefly for religious instruction, (as free 
schools exist even-where,) and regulated, in every respect, by 
members of our communion. The children of people of colour, 
and some adults of that class, have been among the pupils. 
These are among the poor, whose claim on this charity has been 
considered peculiarly urgent; and the interests of their proprie 
tors, as well as the community, demand their being brought up 
in that religion which teaches the servant to be obedient to his 
master according to the flesh, and contented in that state of life 
in which it hath pleased God that he should be. 

The number of Baptisms reported to the Diocesan Conven 
tions during the three years last past, we find to be 880. Of 



46 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

these, six were of the Jewish persuasion, three of them adults, 
and three infants. 

The forty-fifth Canon of 1808 prescribing a particular inquiry 
" into the attention paid to the Canons and rules of the Church," 
we remark on that subject, The Episcopal visitations have 
been statedly performed. The Canons and Rubrics are conscien 
tiously observed. Both Ministers and people appear to be de 
sirous of walking in the old paths, where is the good way. Great 
harmony and affection prevail among the Clergy. 

The advantages which result to our Church, and to each Dio 
cese in particular, from our happy union in General Conven 
tion, are suitably recognized. 

In obedience to the high authority of our Supreme Council, 
the General Theological Seminary, and the General Missionary 
Society, have been patronized in some degree ; and there can be 
no doubt that this Diocese will co-operate, cheerfully, promptly, 
and effectually, in forwarding these great undertakings. 

The Convention, by a resolution unanimously adopted, is 
pledged to contribute its full proportion to the Theological Sem 
inary. It is intended that sermons should be preached in all 
the parishes, as has already been done in several of them, and 
collections made for the benefit of this institution. Our Bishop 
has, at the request of the Convention, circulated an address on 
this subject. More than 87500 have been paid into the Treasu 
ry of the Seminary, by this Diocese. Including the Dehoii 
Scholarship, about 10,000 have been collected for this object. 

By encouraging our candidates* to pursue their studies at the 
Seminary. We have also wished to testify our desire to assist 
in rearing this valuable establishment. On its success, as the 
number of our Clergy is scarcely sufficient to supply our 
churches, must depend greatly that of the Missionary Society. 
We consider, therefore, that we are essentially promoting the 
interests of this excellant Society, by aiding the Seminary ; the 
natural operation of which will be to increase the number, and 
the capacity for usefulness, of labourers in the sacred ministry. 
Nevertheless, the agent of the society was welcomed in this Di 
ocese ; sermons were preached recommending it ; and it ap 
pears that he collected $1648, principally from persons who 
were already patrons of our own Missionary Societies, of which 
there are three one whose operations are limited to Charleston 



* All the candidates of this Diocese, excepting one who is peculiarly cir 
cumstanced, aud another who has returned home on account of ill health, 
are now connected with the General Theological Seminary. The candi 
dates recognized in this Diocese are four in number. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 47 

a second, to the State of South-Carolina and the 'third un 
limited in every respect. 

The subject of the education of the youth of our communion 
is beginning in this, as in other Dioceses, to excite a merited at 
tention. Our Bishop remarks in his last Conventional Address, 
that " he has long painfully contemplated it as the misfortune 
of this Church, remediable only by an effort of zeal, which cir 
cumstances seemed to forbid to be expected, that the whole prog 
ress of the academical education of its youth should be conduct 
ed under influences at variance with the principles which dis 
tinguish its communion. He considers this a lot not more to be 
lamented than it is extraordinarily peculiar. He is reasonably 
anxious, that he may not, on this subject, be misconceived. He 
glories in the real liberality of sentiment and conduct, with re 
spect to other Christian societies, which he sincerely believes, in 
an eminent degree, to characterize that of which he is one. He 
deprecates, at the same time, the effects of such an erroneous 
liberality, as would make that to be regarded with indifference 
here, which, among all others, is cherished as a concern of high 
and sacred importance. That the education of their own youth, 
under circumstances the most favourable to their continuing in 
their own religious principles, is so cherished by all descriptions 
of Christian people, with the exception of Protestant Episcopal 
ians, in these States, he asserts with a confidence that needs no 
qualification. Permit me then, respectfully and affectionately, 
to submit the question Can we be thus excepted, consistently 
with a sound and rational, how-ever moderate, preference of the 
Christian doctrine and discipline under which our particular 
religious profession ranks us? Must not such a preference, 
where it really exists, naturally and inseparably associate with 
it in anxiety, that the principles we profess should be those in 
which our children, and the generations following us, should 
abide, and under whose influence, their character both for this 
life and the eternal should be formed? Is not the subjection of 
our youth to influences unfavourable to their continuing in the 
faith we entertain, virtually conceding, as a point not worth our 
care, the character of their religion ? If domestic nurture and 
admonition be insisted on as sufficient to prevent or remedy any 
such aberration of the mind of youth from the way of the par- 
rent's religion, the appeal is to fact and experience, abundant 
ly certifying the contrary, and to the conduct of all other relig- 
ous communities, exhibiting the strongest persuasion of the con 
trary. No Christian community in Christendom, except that 
of Protestant Episcopalians in the United States, does not, as a 
community, make provision, or where provision cannot system- 



48 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

raatically be made, anxiously watch against what is considered 
the perverting influence of Academical education. It is the 
mode in which, above all others, a real solicitude to transmit to 
their children the religion which men cherish, is most unequiv 
ocally expressed, to commit their education to no circumstances 
that shall have a tendency to counteract its claim upon their re 
spect and adherence. Let me, I pray you, not be understood to 
intimate, much less to allege, any thing derogatory to the claim 
of the respectable institutions, by charter appropriated to other 
religious denominations, and of unquestionable right, subject to 
a religious influence peculiar to themselves, for the candour and 
indulgence with which the interests of denominations, differing 
from their own, as far as they are committed to them, may be 
treated. I have no reference but to the indirect and unavoid 
able effect of the circumstance* under which academic education 
is conducted, to influence the future feelings and decision of the 
mind, with respect to religion in a manner more corresponding 
with the prejudices of the college, than, except under circum 
stances of more than ordinary care and judgment, of the par 
ent's roof. I would not be thought unaware of the facility 
which the expression of sentiments such as these may afford, 
where the subject is not duly considered or understood, to the 
reproach of narrow and illiberal conduct. I feel, at the same 
time, so incapable of that, in religious sentiment or conduct, 
which might, with any rational construction, be so imputed, that 
I could not forego this opportunity of bearing my testimony, 
however feeble and vain it may prove, against a laxity and in 
difference on the momentous business of education, in its relation 
to the moral interests of character and life, for which we are not 
more unconsciously distinguished, than, to say the least, wonder 
ed at by our Christian brethren at large. They readily enough, 
indeed, may explain the difference at present existing between 
the Protestant Episcopal Church and others, as to the possession 
and government of seminaries of learning, into the difference 
of the circumstances of our institutions and theirs, before the 
colonies became independent States. But they know that our 
communion embraces much of the wealth and liberality, at 
least of all the Atlantic States, and might, long ere this, have 
otherwise provided for a subject, with them always sufficiently 
important for any sacrifices and exertions it may require. 
Brethren, in laying before you these impressions, I am not con 
scious of the existence of any feeling in my mind, which you 
could, on the closest inspection, disapprove. Out of the fulness 
of a heart, anxious for the permanent, sound respectability and 
strength of our peculiar institutions, T have spoken what I have; 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 49 

nor can I imagine any circumstances of moral consciousness, 
under which it could prove painful to me, to be reminded that 
I had thus expressed myself before you." 

GEORGIA. 

In this Diocese the Church is rapidly rising into notice ; and 
its present state and prospects are such as to warrant the most 
sanguine expectations of its more general extension. As yet, 
there are only four organized Churches in the Diocese : one at 
Savannah, one at Augusta, one on St. Simon's Island, and one 
at Darien ; the two latter being under the pastoral charge of the 
same Clergyman, the Rev. E. M. Matthews. All these congrega 
tions, it is believed, are in a flourishing condition, and increasing 
in numbers. In Savannah and Augusta there are large and com 
modious edifices of brick, furnished with everything requisite 
for the due celebration of public worship. In Oglethorpe coun 
ty, there is an aged, pious, and exemplary Presbyter of the 
Church, the Rev. Mr. Strong, who occasionally officiates to a 
small congregation in his vicinity ; but, as yet, no information 
of the regular organization of the congregation has been com 
municated. 

As the services and principles of the Church are becoming 
more generally known and understood, the prejudices against it 
are wearing away, and public sentiment is becoming more fa 
vourable to its establishment. A laVge proportion of the pop 
ulation of the State are natives of Virginia, baptized and edu 
cated in the Church, still retaining their attachment to her prin 
ciples, and willing to co-operate in any efforts for the introduc 
tion of her services. The deep anxiety which has been mani 
fested by individual members of the Church, in different parts 
of tke State, to obtain her ordinances, affords a most convinc 
ing proof, that missionary labour would there be crowned with 
complete success. 

A society for missionary purposes was instituted by the State 
Convention in February last ; but as Mr. Bacon, the accredited 
agent of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 
shortly after came into the Diocese, to solicit contributions to 
that society, it was deemed inexpedient to make any immediate 
effort to obtain subscribers to the domestic institution. This, 
however, will be done, and probably with success, in the ensu 
ing autumn. 

It would scarcely be hazarding too much to assert, that no 
portion of our country presents a more promising field for mis 
sionary exertion, than some of the upper counties iu the State 



50 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

of Georgia ; and the hope is indulged that this field will no 
longer be neglected by those who are engaged in the good work 
of " sending forth labourers into the Lord's vineyard." 



OHIO. 

From a letter of the Right Rev. the Bishop of this Diocese, 
addressed to the House of Bishops, and by them referred to this 
House, the following statement is drawn. 

Ordinations have taken place, of John Hall, Rufus Murray, 
and one other, Deacons, and one Priest. 

The Rev. John Hall, Deacon, has been appointed Missionary 
at Ashtabula ; and the Rev. Rufus Murray, Deacon, at Nor- 
walk, Huron county. The Rev. Intrepid Morse has taken 
charge of the Church at Steubenville. The Rev. John Arm 
strong, of Virginia, acts as Missionary in St. Clairsville and 
Morristown. The Rev. Ezra B. Kellogg has taken charge of 
St. Paul's Church, Chillicothe. 

One Deacon has been displaced from the ministry, and one 
Presbyter suspended. 

St. Paul's Church, Chillicothe, and St. Thomas's, St. Clairs 
ville, have been consecrated. 

Two hundred and eighty-five persons have been confirmed. 

The Clergy generally afe very faithful and laborious; and 
strict attention is paid to the Canons and Rubrics of the Church. 

From the Dioceses of Maine and New-Hampshire, no report 
nor documents have been received. 

The whole number of candidates for holy orders in the sev 
eral Dioceses, is sixty-one. 

In conclusion, the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies would 
respectfully invite the attention of the House of Bishops to the 
facts that many churches are without pastors that in the west 
there exists a large body of Episcopalians, who are as sheep with 
out a shepherd that our missionary societies are, comparatively 
inefficient for want of Missionaries and, in fine, that it is em 
phatically true, as it respects our Church, the harvest is plente 
ous, but the labourers are few. The House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, respectfully request the House of Bishops to suggest 
such measures as may seem to them the best adapted to secure 
to this Church an increase of faithful and capable ministers. 

In making the preceding statement, the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies solicit the prayers and blessing of the House 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 51 

of Bishops, and respectfully request their counsel in a Pastoral 
Letter to the members of the Church. 

Signed, in behalf of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 

WILLIAM H. WILMER, President. 
Philadelphia, May 24, 1823. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
a report of the joint Committee, appointed at the last Gen 
eral Convention, to collect documents and pamphlets, inter 
esting to the Church, together with a resolution of the House 
of Bishops on the same subject. The report was read and 
accepted, and the resolution was concurred in, and notice of 
concurrence sent to the House of Bishops. [See Appendix, 
No. II.] 

Mr. Key presented and read a communication from a Com 
mittee of the American Colonization Society, which was sent 
to the House of Bishops ; and at the same time, referred 
to a Committee, consisting of Mr. Goldsborough, the Kev. 
Mr Onderdonk, and Mr. Key. 

The Right Rev. the Presiding Bishop of the House of 
Bishops, as President of the Domestic and Foreign Mission 
ary Society, sent to this House the report of said society, 
which was accepted, and referred to the Missionary Com 
mittee. 

The Missionary Committee reported in favour of adopting 
the alterations of the Constitution of the Domestic and For 
eign Missionary Society, proposed by the House of Bishops. 
The report was accepted, and the proposed alterations were 
adopted, and notice thereof sent to the House of Bishops. 
[See Appendix, No. III.] 

The same Committee recommended the following resolu 
tion, which was adopted, and sent to the House of Bishops 
for their concurrence. 

Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, that the 
report of the Missionary Society be sent to the Board of Di 
rectors of said society, with a request that they will publish 
such parts thereof as they may deem expedient. 

The Rev. Mr. Hawley offered the following, which was 
ordered to lie on the table : 

Whereas, by the first article of the Constitution of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Ameri- 



52 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

ca, it is declared that the Convention thereof shall meet 
triennially ; and whereas a difference of opinion and practice 
exists in the different Dioceses, respecting the period for 
which Deputies are elected ; therefore, for the purpose of 
producing uniformity in the election of Deputies, and of 
preventing any collisions of claims to the right of member 
ship, resolved, that it be declared as the opinion of this 
House, that this Convention is a triennial body, and that it 
be recommended to the several Dioceses, in their future elec 
tions, to l>e governed accordingly. 

The report of the Trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary was now taken up and read, and referred to the 
Committee on that subject. [See Appendix, No. IV.] 

On motion, resolved, that the next meeting of this Con 
vention shall take place on the first Tuesday in November, 
1826, at half past 10 o'clock A. M. 

JResolved, 2d, that the next meeting of this Convention 
shall be held in the city of Philadelphia. 

These resolutions were sent to the House of Bishops. 

The following resolution was offered, and, after some de 
bate, was postponed, and made the order of the day for 
Monday next : 

Hesolved, in order that the expenses of the General Con 
vention may be defrayed, that it be recommended to the 
several State Conventions, that each State or Diocese shall 
forward to the Secretary of this House, twenty dollars ; and 
for each Clergyman, not exceeding in number 15, the further 
sum of one dollar ; and if exceeding the number of 15, and 
not exceeding 30, the sum of 75 cents ; and if over that 
number, the sum of 50 cents for each Clergyman. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House, that they had concurred in the resolu 
tions of this House on the subject of Psalms and Hymns in 
metre, and had appointed the Right Rev. Bishops White, 
Hobart, and Croes, on the part of their House. 

The following gentlemen were appointed, on the part of 
this House : 

The Rev. William Meade, Kensey Johns, 

The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D. Robert H. Goldsborough, 
The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, John Read, 
The Rev. Jackson Kernper, Edward J. Stiles, 

The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D. } Tench Tilghman, 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 53 

The Rev. Samuel Turner, D. D., Francis S. Key, 
The Rev. Richard S. Mason, Peter Kean. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
information that they had adopted the resolutions of this 
House on the subject of the time and place of meeting of 
the next General Convention. 

Mr. Kean offered a canon relative to the canonical resi 
dence of Professors in the General Theological Seminary ; 
which was ordered to lie on the table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
an opinion relative to the communication from a Committee 
of the American Colonization Society ; which was read, and 
returned to that House. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
information that they concurred in the resolution of this 
House, relative to the printing of the report of the Mission 
ary Society. 

The House adjourned. 



MONDAY MAY, 26, 9 o'clock A. M. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Jarvis. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., a Clerical Deputy 
from New Jersey, having produced his testimonials, appeared 
and took his seat. 

The resolution relative to provision for defraying the con 
tingent expenses of the General Convention was now called 
up, and referred to a select Committee, with leave to sit im 
mediately. The following gentlemen were appointed to 
compose said Committee : 

Mr. George Jones, the Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. Dr. 
Wharton, the Rev. Mr. Hawley, and Mr. Tilghman. 

Mr. Kean offered a resolution relative to seminaries of 
learning ; which was read and adopted, and sent to the 
House of Bishops. 

The Committee on the resolution relative to provision for 
defraying the contingent expenses of the General Conven 
tion, reported the "resolution with amendments ; which re 
port was accepted ; and the following resolution was adopt 
ed and sent to the House of Bishops : 



54 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Resolved, in order that the contingent expenses of the 
General Convention may be defrayed, that it be recommend 
ed to the several Diocesan or State Conventions, to forward 
to the Secretary of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
at each meeting of said Convention, 75 cents for each 
Clergyman within said Diocese or State. 

The joint Committee of the two Houses, appointed at 
the last General Convention, to report a standard copy of 
the Bible, made report ; which was read and accepted, and 
notice of acceptance sent to the House of Bishops. [See 
Appendix, No. V.] 

The Committee on the Theological Seminary made the 
following report ; which was read and unanimously accepted. 

The Committee of the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, to whom was referred all matters relating to the Theo 
logical Seminary, having had under consideration the re 
port of the Trustees, and other papers referred to them by 
the House, respectfully 

REPORT 

That they have directed their attention to the mode of 
education pursued in the Seminary, the state of its finances, 
the number of Trustees which it will be proper for this Con 
vention to appoint, the impediments which retard its prog 
ress, and the means of rendering it more extensively useful 
to the Church. 

With respect to the mode of education pursued in the 
Seminary, your Committee refer the House, with great sat 
isfaction, to the able and luminous report of the Faculty, 
embodied in the report of the Trustees to the Convention. 
The course pursued is, in the opinion of your Committee, 
expanded and liberal in its character, well fitted to render 
the students able ministers of the New Testament, and to 
train them up in religious habits, as well as in sound 
learning. 

Your Committee regret that they cannot speak with 
equal approbation of the report respecting the finances. 
They have not been able, in all cases, to determine whether 
the sums mentioned as subscribed, have been paid ; and 
they have reason to believe that the expenses of the institu 
tion exceed its income. They wish to invite the notice of 
the Convention to this alarming fact, which, they surely 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 55 

need not add, must produce the ruin of the Seminary, if 
measures to counteract the evil be not speedily adopted. 

The want of precision in the financial report involves a 
further difficulty with respect to the choice of Trustees ; your 
Committee being unable to determine the exact amount which 
has been actually paid, or secured to be paid, by the several 
Dioceses. It does not appear that any monies have been 
actually received, excepting from the States of Massachusetts. 
New York, Pennsylvania and South Carolina. The amount 
received from Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and South Caro 
lina, is defined, because it has been contributed in money ; 
that from New York is not equally so, from the nature and 
condition of the property. There are two questions which it 
seems proper to meet at the outset, in order to prevent future 
difficulty : these are, whether all property given by individ 
uals, not connected with other Dioceses, is to be considered 
as belonging to that in which the Seminary i& established ; 
and whether, in case an individual removes from one Diocese 
to another, the amount contributed by him is also to be trans 
ferred. Your Commiteee are of opinion that the sums sub 
scribed and paid in each Diocese, ought not to be affected by 
the removal of the individual donor, but should be considered 
for ever as a portion of the property contributed by that Dio 
cese. And in order to prevent any present or future difficul 
ties in the choice of Trustees" your Committee beg leave to 
recommend, that the nominations transmitted to this Conven 
tion by the several State Conventions, be now received with 
out discussion ; but that a Canon be formed, requiring the 
several State Conventions, in future, to send a proper certifi 
cate, exhibiting an exact inventory of the number of Clergy, 
and of the amount of property paid, or secured to be paid, 
in each Diocese ; and that, in default of such certificate, any 
nomination of such Diocese shall not be confirmed by the* 
General Convention. 

While on this subject, it is proper to add, that your Com 
mittee have been informed, that the Diocese of North Caro 
lina, with a zeal which deserves the praise and imitation of 
our whole Church, have subscribed a large sum towards the 
foundation of a Professorship, of which no notice appears to 
have been given to the Trustees. 

The Committee were induced to consider the impediments 
which retard the progress of the Seminary, in consequence of 



56 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

noticing the fact, reported to this House by the Committee 
on the state of the Church, that there are sixty candidates 
for the ministry in the Atlantic States alone, of which num 
ber there are but eighteen at present in the Seminary. Why 
this vast disparity? Your Committee are unable to assign 
more than two causes ; some feelings yet remaining of a sec 
tional character, and the want of means for supporting indi 
gent students. 

There appears to be some apprehension on the part of the 
more distant and less wealthy Dioceses, that the students of 
the Seminary will be induced to desert their proper field of 
future labour, under the idea of having greater advantages 
in the vicinity of the Seminary. If such an apprehension 
does exist, your Committee are persuaded that the silent 
influence of time will destroy the illusion. There are no 
facts, as yet, by which it can be supported ; and the love 
of country, and the influence of early habits, will gradually 
create, throughout the union, an indigenous Clergy. There 
is no more reason to apprehend that candidates for orders, 
educated at the General Theological Seminary, will riot re 
turn to their respective Dioceses, than that students educa 
ted in the northern Colleges should thereby be alienated 
from home. If there be any danger, it is more to be ap 
prehended in the northern section of our country, than in 
the southern. It may, however, be effectually guarded 
against, by making the students candidates for orders in 
their respective Dioceses, by greater exertions to support the 
Clergy, which will diminish inducements to emigration, and 
by enforcing the already existing regulations, which require 
Deacons to be under the direction of the Bishops who or 
dain them. 

Your Committee cannot but contemplate with pleasure, 
the delightful prospect of having a General Seminary, whither, 
like the temple at Jerusalem, the tribes of the Lord will go up 
to testify unto Israel ; and they anticipate, with full confi 
dence, that happy period when the north and the south 
will give up, and the east and the west will not keep back. 
On this account, as well as for other reasons, hereafter to 
be mentioned, your Committee notice with pleasure, the in 
dication, in the report of the Trustees, of a disposition to 
abolish the Branch School at Geneva ; and they beg leave 
to recommend an expression of the sense of this House, ap 
proving of that measure. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 57 

The second cause, which has hitherto prevented the in 
crease of the Seminary, will best be considered by adverting 
to the means to be employed of rendering it more exten 
sively useful to the Church. 

And on this head, your Committee are decidely of opinion, 
that provision should be made, as soon as possible, for placing 
the students in a situation more retired from the noise, and 
business, and corrupting pleasures of the world ; that the ex 
penses of the institution should be diminished by the most 
prudent and undeviating economy ; that the office of libra 
rian be given to some indigent student, a provision which 
may also, perhaps, be extended, so as to embrace the office of 
Janitor ; that means be taken for the establishment of com 
mons, and for furnishing the apartments of the students, 
which may be done at a small expense, by donations of fur 
niture by the pious and charitable members of our Church, 
and that it be earnestly recommended to the several Dio 
ceses to form more Scholarships. The prosperity of our 
Church depends much, under the Divine blessing, upon the 
support given to this institution. Without it, our Mission 
ary Society, it will evidently be seen, must be inefficient ; 
and a fact stated by the Bishop of Ohio, affords a striking 
evidence of this truth. He has now, for nearly two years, 
had in his hands, it is believed, about $ 3000 for the sup 
port of Missionaries, and has not been able to obtain them. 
The harvest truly is plenteous, but it may emphatically be 
added, that the labourers are few. 

By order of the Committee, 

SAMUEL F. JABVIS, CHAIRMAN. 

The Committee on the communication from the Ameri 
can Colonization Society, asked to be discharged from the 
further consideration of the subject ; which request was 
granted, and the Committee discharged. 

The following resolutions were adopted, and spnt to the 
House of Bishops : 

Resolved 1st, That the members of this Convention be, 
and they hereby are, respectfully requested to assist the 
agent or agents of the General Theological Seminary, in his 
or their endeavours to collect subscriptions in their respect 
ive Dioceses. 



58 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

Resolved 2nd, That it is hereby respectfully recom 
mended to the Board of Tmstees of said Seminary, to perse 
vere in the measures they have adopted, and to adopt all 
such other measures as may seem best for augmenting the 
funds of the Seminary ; also to adopt some system of fi 
nance, whereby a portion of the income shall be added year 
ly to the capital, so that the said capital may accumulate, 
until it be fully adequate to the purposes of the Seminary ; 
that it also be recommended to the Board of Trustees to en 
deavour to reduce the expenses to which the students are 
now liable for board and maintenance ; that it be also rec 
ommended to the said Board to reduce the expenses of the 
Seminary, by abolishing the Branch School at Geneva, and 
by any other measures that may be adopted, so that the 
said expenses may not, at any time, exceed the clear income 
of the funds of the Seminary. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
information, that they concurred in the resolution of this 
house on the subject of providing for the contingent expen 
ses of the General Convention. 

A canon was received from the House of Bishops, regulat 
ing the admission of persons as candidates for holy orders ; 
which was referred to a Committee consisting of the Rev. 
Messrs. Croes and Adams, and Mr. Sitgreaves. 

Another canon was received from the House of Bishops, 
relative to a standard copy of the Bible ; which was referred 
to a Committee consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Baldwin and 
Bull, and Mr. Herbert. 

On motion, Resolved, That the rule of this house, which 
limits its daily session to 3 o'clock P. M. be rescinded ; and 
that when this house adjourn, it shall be adjourned to maet 
again at 7 o'clock this day. Notice of this resolution was 
sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Committee on the Canons sent from the House of 
Bishops, respectfully reported in favour of adopting said 
Canons ; which reports were accepted, the Canons adopted, 
and notice thereof sent to the House of Bishops. [See Ap 
pendix, No. VI.] 

The resolution of the House of Bishops designed to ac 
company the canon relative to a standard copy of the Bible, 
was concurred in by this house, and notice of concurrence 
sent to the House of Bishops. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 59 

On motion, Kesolved, That the report of the Commit 
tee on the Constitution and Canons of the Church, laid upon 
the table on Friday last, be printed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, with 
a proposed amendment to the resolution of Mr. Kean, rela 
tive to seminaries of learning ; which amendment was agreed 
to by this house, and notice thereof sent to the House of 
Bishops ; and the resolution, as amended, and concurred in 
by the House of Bishops, was adopted as follows ;- 

Kesolved, If the House of Bishops concur therein, that 
a joint Committee, to consist of such a number of Bishops 
as the House of Bishops shall appoint, and five members of 
this house, be appointed, whose duty it shall be to inquire 
and report to the next General Convention : 

How many, and what Colleges in the United States ad 
mit Clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church to be 
eligible to Professorships in their respective faculties ; 

How many, and which of these institutions have Clergy 
men of this Church now employed as Professors ; 

How many, and which of said Colleges have adopted a 
system for the religious instruction of youth ; and as far as 
possible, to ascertain what such systems are ; 

How many, and which of said Colleges are so situated as 
to permit their students to attend Divine Worship in a 
Protestant Episcopal Church or Chapel ; 

And that said Committee be instructed to inquire into, 
and report on, the practicability of establishing a seminary 
or seminaries, for the education of youth, under the influ 
ence and authority of members of the Protestant Epsscopal 
Church. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
with information, that they had appointed the Eight Rev. 
Bishops White, Bowen, and Brownell, a Committee on 
the part of their house, on the subject of the foregoing 
resolutions. 

The following gentlemen were appointed to act on said 
Committee, on the part of this house, viz. Mr. Kean, the 
Rev. Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, the Rev. Mr. 
Hooper, and Mr. Wilkins. 

The Pastoral Letter of the House of Bishops was now 
read. 

The following resolution was adopted, and sent to the 



60 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

House of Bishops, who returned notice of their concurrence 
in the same, 

Resolved, In order that the number of Trustees to which 
each Diocese is entitled, according to the third article of the 
Constitution of the General Theological Seminary, may be 
readily and accurately ascertained, that it be required that 
a certificate, stating the exact number of Clergymen in the 
Diocese, and the amount of funds paid, or secured to be paid 
therein, be signed by the President or Secretary of each Di 
ocesan or State Convention, and transmitted, with the nom 
ination of Trustees, to the General Convention ; and with 
out such certificate, the nomination shall not be confirmed. 

The house adjourned. 

MONDAY EVENING, 7 o'clock. 

The house met. 

Mr. Tilghman offered the following proposed canon which 
was ordered to lie on the table. Canon Additional to the 
4'2d Canon of 1808. 

It is hereby declared, that the General Convention is a 
triennial body. 

The nomination of the Trustees of the General Theologi 
cal Seminary was now read and confirmed, and sent to the 
House of Bishops, who returned it with their concurrence ; 
and the following were declared duly appointed 

Vermont. The Rev. Abraham Bronson. 

Massachusetts. The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., the 
Rev. James Morse, Gardiner Green, David Sears, George 
Sullivan. 

Rhode-Island. The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, the Rev. 
Nathan B. Crocker. 

Connecticut. The Rev. Daniel Burhans, the Rev. Tillot- 
son Bronson, D. D., the Rev. Harry Croswell, Samuel W. 
Johnson, Nathan Smith, Richard Adams. 

New-York. The Rev. William Harris, D. D., the Rev. 
David Butler, the Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., the Rev. Wil 
liam Berrian, the Rev. John M'Vickar, the Rev. James 
Milnor, D. D., the Rev. William Creighton, the Rev. Henry 
U. Onderdonk, M. D., the Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, 
the Rev. Henry Anthon, the Rev. Lucius Smith, Wright 
Post, Nehemiah Rogers, John Wells, David S. Jones, Hen- 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 61 

ry M' Farlan, Thomas S. Townsend, Edward K. Jones, 
Stephen Warren, Robert Troup, Philip S. Van Rensselaer. 

New-Jersey. The Rev. John Croes, jun., Peter Kean. 

Pennsylvania. The Rev. Jackson Kemper, the Rev. 
George Boyd, the Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, the Rev. James 
Montgomery, the Rev. Benjamin Allen, William Tilghman, 
John Read. 

Maryland, The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D.D., the Rev. 
John P. K. Henshaw, the Rev. John Johns, Nicholas Brice, 
Tench Tilghman, John C. Herbert, John B. Eccleston. 

Virginia. The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., the 
Rev. William Meade, the Rev. Edward C. M' Guire, Wil 
liam Mayo, Hugh Mercer. 

North-Carolina. The Rev. Adam Empie, Duncan 
Cameron. 

South -Carolina. The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D. 
D., the Rev. Paul T. Gervais, the Rev. Christian Hanckle, 
the Rev. Allston Gibbes, William Heyward, Benjamin 
Huger, William Clarkson, Thomas Lowndes. 

The Rev. Mr. Rudd, the Rev. Mr. Onderdonk, and Mr. 
Kean, were appointed a Committee to superintend the print 
ing of the Journals, Pastoral Letter, and other documents, 
and notice of this appointment was sent to the House of 
Bishops who returned for answer, that they had appointed 
the Right Rev. Bishop Croes, and their Secretary, the Rev. 
Mr. DeLancey, a Committee to unite with the Committee 
of this house. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
presented to the President, Secretary, and Assistant Secre 
tary, for the services rendered by them respectively, during 
the present session. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary be directed to 
transmit a copy of the resolution of this house, relative to 
defraying the contingent expenses of the Convention, to 
each Diocesan or State Convention. 

The Rev. Mr. Butler, the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, and Mr. Tilgh 
man, were appointed a Committee to wait on the House of 
Bishops, and inform them that this house is now ready to 
rise, and request the Bishops to unite with them, and close 
the session of the Convention with suitable acts of devotion, 
and their benediction. 

The two houses united in singing the 133d Psalm ; and 



'62 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

appropriate prayers from the Liturgy were read by the pre 
siding Bishop ; who closed the exercises with the benedic 
tion ; and the house adjourned sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 

WILLIAM H. WILMEE, PRESIDENT. 
ATTESTED : 
JOHN C. BUDD, Secretary. 



JOURNAL. 



OF THE 



Ijfonsp of |8is!jops, 



IT j PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, May 20, 1823. 

'Ul'^i being the day prescribed by the Constitution 
" of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America, for the meeting of the General 
Convention of the same ; and the city of Philadelphia hav 
ing been appointed as the place of meeting, the Right Rev. 
William White, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese of Pennsyl 
vania ; the Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., 
Bishop of the Eastern Diocese ; the Right Rev. James 
Kemp, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland ; the 
Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese of 
New Jersey ; the Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., 
Bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina ; and the Right 
Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, D. D. LL. D., Bishop of the 
Diocese of Connecticut, assembled in the Vestry Room of 
St. Peter's Church, in the said city. 

The Rev. William H. De Lancey was appointed Secre 
tary to the House. 

The Presiding Bishop read a letter from the Right Rev. 
Bishop Moore, of Virginia, which was ordered to be laid 
upon the table. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., Bishop of 
the Diocese of New York, was prevented by sickness irom 
being present at the Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information that they were organized, 
and ready to proceed to business ; whereupon this House 
returned for answer, that they also were ready to proceed to 

63 



64 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

business, and that they had appointed the Rev. William H. 
De Lancey their Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, That this House will attend Di 
vine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
agreeably to the first rule of order of that House, every 
morning during the present session of the Convention. 

A communication, on the subject of the Theological Sem 
inary, was received from the Standing Committee of the 
Diocese of South Carolina : 

Whereupon it was Resolved, That the House of Bishops 
have received, with much satisfaction, the communication 
from the Standing Committee of the Diocese of South 
Carolina, on the subject of the Theological Seminary, and 
that we duly appreciate the zeal and liberality which that 
Diocese has manifested in favor of the institution. 

Resolved, Further, that the communication, together 
with the foregoing resolution, be sent to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies. 

The following communication was received from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz. The House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies inform the House of Bishops, 
that, having received satisfactory evidence of the due organ 
ization of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of 
Georgia, and of the Church in the said State having acceded 
to the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States, they have Resolved, That the Diocese 
of Georgia be received into union with this Convention, and 
entitled to a delegation therein. 
Signed, 

JOHN C. RUDD, SECRETARY. 

Whereupon a Committee of two, viz. Bishop Croes and 
Bishop Brownell, was appointed to examine and compare 
the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of Georgia, with the Constitution and Canons of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States ; who 
reported that, on examination, they had found it consistent 
with the same. 

Whereupon, Resolved, That the House of Bishops con 
cur with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in admit 
ting said church into union with the Convention. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 65 

A message was received from the House ot Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, accompanied with canonical testimonials of 
the election of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft to the Episco 
pate of North Carolina ; which was ordered to be laid on 
the table. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they were ready to adjourn ; and that 
they had appointed from 9 o'clock A. M, to 3 o'clock P. M. 
every day as hours of business : whereupon, this house ad 
journed, to meet to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, May 21, 1823. 

The House of Bishops met pursuant to adjournment, and 
attended Divine Service. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the meeting yesterday were ' read and 
approved. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this house be 
given to the Right Rev. Dr. Croes, Bishop of the Diocese 
of New Jersey, for his Sermon preached at the opening of 
this Convention, and that he be requested to furnish a copy 
for publication. 

A communication was received from the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society; which, upon motion, was order 
ed to be laid on the table. 

The house then went into consideration of the message 
received yesterday from the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, accompanied by the testimonials of the election 
of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft to the Episcopate of North 
Carolina : whereupon Resolved unanimously, That this 
house, having duly considered the testimonials laid before 
them, of the election of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, as 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of 
North Carolina, and found them to be in all respects canon 
ical and regular ; and knowing no cause why the Rev. Mr. 
Ravenscroft should not be consecrated to that high office, 
do agree to proceed to his consecration ; and do, accordingly, 
appoint 10 o'clock A.M. to-morrow, as the time at which 
they will, with the Divine permission, perform that solemn 
office, in such Church as the Presiding Bishop shall appoint. 



66 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

The Presiding Bishop presented a communication from 
the Right Rev. Philander Chase, L).D. Bishop of the Diocese 
of Ohio, which, having heen read, was referred to a Commit 
tee, consisting of Bishop Kemp and Bishop Bowen. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had provided seats for the Right 
Rev. the Bishops, whenever they might please to attend in 
the same. The house returned their thanks. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they have adopted the alteration of the 
first article of the Constitution, proposed at the last General 
Convention ; which alteration was concurred in by this 
house, and the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed 
thereof. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they were about to adjourn ; whereupon, 
this house also agreed to adjourn until to-morrow at 9 
o'clock, A.M. 



THURSDAY, May 22, 9 o'clock A.M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. 

On motion Resolved, That this house adjourn, in order 
to attend the consecration of the Rev. Mr. Ravenscroft, in 
St. Paul's Church in this city. 

2 o'clock P. M. 

The house having attended the consecration of the Rev. 
Mr. Ravenscroft, resumed its session. 

The minutes of the meeting yesterday, were read and 
approved. 

The Right Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, Bishop of the Dio 
cese of North Carolina, took his seat. 

On motion, Resolved unanimously, That the thanks of 
the House of Bishops be given to the Right Rev. Bishop 
Griswold, for his Sermon this day delivered at the consecra 
tion of the Rev. John S. Ravenscroft ; and that he be re 
quested to furnish a copy of the same for the press. 

The house then went into the consideration of the com 
munication received yesterday from the Domestic and For 
eign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 67 

in the United States ; which, upon motion, was referred to 
a Committee, consisting of Bishop Croes, Bishop Kemp, 
and Bishop Bowen. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had directed their Secretary to pro 
cure a record book. 

Bishop Kemp, from the Committee on the letter of the 
Eight Rev. Dr. Chase, Bishop of the Diocese of Ohio, re 
ported as follows : 

Resolved, That so much of the said communication as 
relates to the state of the Church in that Diocese, be sent 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to be referred 
to the Committee on the state of the Church ; and that the 
Presiding Bishop be respectfully requested, as soon as his 
convenience will admit, to address Bishop Chase on the 
other points contained in his letter. 

The report was accepted by the house. 

The house then adjourned until to-morrow at 9 o'clock, 
A.M. 



FRIDAY, May 23, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. Present aa 
yesterday. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The house then attended Divine Service. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, a 
Delegate from the Diocese of Connecticut; and a Sermon 
preached by the Right Rev. Bishop White, for the benefit 
of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. 

Bishop Croes, from the Committee on the Constitution 
of the Missionary Society, reported certain alterations in 
the same ; which, upon motion, were sent to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The house went into consideration of the report of the 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary ; which, hav 
ing been read, was, upon motion, sent to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies. 

The Presiding Bishop, as President of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society, laid before the house the report 



68 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

of the said Society, which was sent to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Croes introduced a substitute for the 
first clause of the seventh Canon of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States ; which was ordered to be laid 
upon the table. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Bowen introduced a preamble 
and resolutions, in reference to the Theological Seminary ; 
which were ordered to be laid upon the table. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Delegates, accompanied by certain resolutions respect 
ing alterations in, and additions to, the Book of Psalms and 
Hymns in metre, now allowed to be used in this Church ; 
which was ordered to be laid upon the table. 

Adjourned till to-morrow morning, 9 o'clock. 



SATURDAY, May 24, 9 o'clock A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service. 

A report was received from the joint Committee, ap 
pointed at the last General Convention, on the subject of a 
standard edition of the Book of Common Prayer ; which 
was accepted. [Vide Appendix, No. I.] 

A report was also received from the joint Committee, 
appointed by the General Convention of 1820, to make a 
collection of the Journals of the General Convention, and 
of the several Diocesan Conventions, and of other docu 
ments connected with the history of the American Episco 
pal Church ; whereupon, Resolved, that the House of 
Bishops approve of the disposition made of the documents 
by the said Committee, and that they be requested to con 
tinue their services in procuring such other documents as 
may be practicable. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had accepted the report of the Com 
mittee for the collection of Documents, &c., and also that 
said House had concurred in the resolutions of the House 
of Bishops, relative to the continuance of the services of the 
Committee. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 69 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, accompanied by a report, and documents 
on the State of the Church in the United States ; which re 
port, having been read, was concurred in by this House, and 
returned to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House went into consideration of the Canon intro 
duced yesterday by the. Eight Rev. Dr. Croes, entitled a 
" Canon regulating the admission of persons as candidates 
for holy orders, and repealing the first paragraph of the sev 
enth Canon of 1806, of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States ; " which was passed by the House. 

The House took up the resolutions offered yesterday by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, respecting the General The 
ological Seminary ; which, upon motion, were adopted as 
follows : 

Resolved, That this House entertain a gratifying sense 
of the fidelity with which the Trustees and the Faculty of 
the General Theological Seminary have executed the trust 
committed to them, and respectively fulfilled the duties of 
their appointment ; and while they deeply regret that no 
other provision than such as is yet inadequate to the perma 
nent success of the design, has hitherto been obtained for it, 
of the members of our Church, they still contemplate it 
with hope, and affectionately commend it to the liberality 
and patronage of their brethren, both of the Clergy and of 
the Laity, as a means of increase to the number of well 
qualified ministers of the Gospel in this Church. 

Resolved, further, as the opinion of this Honse, that the 
General Theological Seminary, having been established by 
the whole body of this Church, in General Convention, seems 
peculiarly to demand the concurrent solicitudes and exer 
tions to be concentrated on it, of all its members ; inas 
much as this institution, when possessing the combined and 
efficient support of the whole Church, must be the most 
effectual means, under Providence, of perpetuating the unity 
of the Church, in the bond of peace. 

The House went into consideration of the message re 
ceived yesterday, from the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, accompanied by resolutions, proposing a joint Commit 
tee on the subject of alterations in, and additions to, the 
Book of Psalms and Hymns in metre, now allowed to be 
used in this Church : which resolutions were concurred in ; 



70 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

and the Right Rev. Bishops White, Hobart, and Croes, ap 
pointed a committee on the part of this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to the printing of the report of the 
Missionary Society ; which was concurred in by this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, accompanied by resolutions, respecting the 
time and place of the meeting of the next General Conven 
tion ; which resolutions were concurred in by this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, transmitting a communication from the 
Board of Directors of the American Colonization Society ; 
which having been read, the following opinion was adopted, 
and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to 
be read and returned to this House 

On consideration of the communication made by a Com 
mittee of the Board of Managers of the Colonization Soci 
ety, to the General Convention, the House of Bishops are 
of opinion , that as the objects of that Society are more of 
a political than of a religious nature, it is inexpedient to 
accede to the proposal therein made, to send a Delegate, on 
the part of the Church, as a body, to act on behalf of the 
same, at the proposed meeting of the Society, at the city of 
Washington, on the first Monday in June next. While as 
individuals, the objects of the society command tht-ir most 
hearty good wishes, and are entitled to all the aid they can 
give, they do not feel authorized, in their collective capacity, 
to take any order on the subject. 

The House then adjourned, to meet on Monday next, at 
9 o'clock, A. M. 



MONDAY, May 26, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. 

The minutes of the proceedings on Saturday were read 
and approved. 

A report was received from the joint Committee, appoint 
ed at the Last General Convention, on the subject of a stand 
ard edition of the Holy Bible ; which was accepted. 



1823.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 71 

A canon prescribing the mode of publishing authorized 
editions of the standard Bible of this Church, introduced by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, was passed, and sent to the 
other house for concurrence ; also a resolution to accompany 
the said canon. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing the appointment of a joint Com 
mittee on the subject of obtaining information relative to 
seminaries of learning ; which was concurred in with an al 
teration, and returned to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, who acceded to the alteration. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, accompanied with resolutions, providing for 
the contingent expenses of the General Convention ; which 
were concurred in by this house. 

The house went into consideration of the Pastoral Letter, 
which, having been read by the Presiding Bishop, was 
unanimously accepted, and sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had concurred in the canons pro 
posed by the House of Bishops, and in the resolution accom 
panying the second canon. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to Trustees of the General Theolog 
ical Seminary ; which was concurred in by this house. 

A message was also received from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, accompanied by resolutions, recommend 
ing the assisting of the agents of the General Theological 
Seminary, and the establishment of a permanent fund for 
the said institution ; which were concurred in ( by this house. 

The house adjourned till 7 o'clock, P. M. 

MONDAY, May 26, 7 o'clock, P. M. 

The house met, pursuant to adjournment. 

Present as before. 

The minutes of the preceding meeting were read and ap 
proved. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had confirmed the nominations of 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary, as presented 
from the several Dioceses ; whereupon, this house also con 
curred in said nominations. 



72 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had appointed a Committee of 
publication ; with whom this house agreed to associate the 
Right Rev. Bishop Croes, and their Secretary, the Rev. 
William H. De Lancey. 

A message having been received from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, that they were ready to adjourn ; and 
the House of Bishops being also prepared to adjourn, the 
business of the Convention was concluded with singing the 
133d Psalm, and with prayer and the blessing by the Pre 
siding Bishop. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops, 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 
ATTESTED : 

WILLIAM H. DE LANCEY, Secretary. 



[1823. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 73 



Canons 



PASSED IN GENERAL CONVENTION, IN 1823. 

CANON I. Regulating the admission of persons as Candi 
dates for Holy Orders, and repealing the first paragraph 
of the seventh Canon of 1808. 

Every person who desires to become a candidate for orders in this Church, 
shall obtain admission from the Bishop, or such body as the Church in the 
Diocese or State in which he intends to apply, may appoint, at least one year 
before his ordination. The first paragraph of the seventh Canon of 1808 is 
hereby repealed. 

CANON II. Prescribing the mode of publishing authorized 
editions of the Standard Bible of this Church. 

The Bishop of this Church, in any State or Diocese, or where there is no 
Bishop, the Standing Committee, is authorized to appoint, from time to time, 
some suitable person or persons, to compare and correct all new editions of the 
Bible by the standard edition agreed upon by the General Convention. And 
a certificate of their having been so compared and corrected shall be pub 
lished with said book.* 

Done in General Convention, in the city of Philadelphia, May, 1823. 

Br ORDER OF THE HOUSE OP BISHOPS, 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 
Attested : WILLIAM H. DE LANCET, Secretary. 

BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES, 

WILLIAM H. WILMER, PRESIDENT. 
Attested, JOHN C. RUDD, Secretary. 



* The following resolution was ordered to accompany this Canon. 

RKSOLVF.D by the two Houses of Convention, that it be recommended to every fntnr* 
Convention, to appoint a joint Committee, to whom there may be communicated all error*, 
if any, in editions of the Bible printed under the operation of the second Canon of thU 
Convention ; such errors to be notified on the Journal of the Convention to which they 
may at any time be presented by the joint Committee. 



74 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1823. 



APPENDIX. 

NO. I. 

Report of the Committee appointed to superintend the pub- 
lication of an edition of the Book of Common Prayer, &c. 

The joint Committee appointed at the last General Convention, with au 
thority during the recess of the Convention to superintend the printing of 
an edition of the Book of Common Prayer; correcting and supplying there 
in any errors and omissions in the edition theretofore established as the Stand 
ard Book, and introducing a table of the days in which Easter will fall for 
thirty-eight years, being the time of two cycles of the moon, as reported by 
the presiding Bishop to that Convention ; with instructions, in the choice 
of an edition, for the sake of greater accuracy, to give a preference to one to 
be printed from stereotype plates, and to authenticate the same by their cer 
tificate, 

REPORT: 

That in pursuance of the authority and instructions above stated, an edition 
of the Book of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacraments has 
been published under their superintendence, by S. Potter & Co., Philadel 
phia, from the stereotype plates of the '' Common Prayer Book Society of 
Pennsylvania," after they had been carefully examined for the purpose of 
correcting and supplying errors and omissions, the former of which were 
found to be more numerous than had been anticipated. 

The Committee believe this edition will appear, upon examination, to have 
approached nearer to correctness than any which has preceded it ; and have, 
in this belief, by an instrument under their hands, bearing date on the 2d of 
September last, prefixed to it, certified that it " is published as the standard 
edition of the said Book." WILLIAM WHITE, 

BIRD WILSON, 
W. MEREDITH, 
PHILADELPHIA, May 22d, 1823. FREDERIC BEASLEY. 

NO. II. 

Report of a joint Committee, appointed by the General 
Convention of 1820, in relation to the procuring of doc 
uments interesting to the Church. 

The joint Committee appointed by the Convention of 1820, to make a col 
lection of the Journals of the General Conventions, and of the several Dioces 
an Conventions, and of other important documents connected with the history 
of the Church in the United States ; and to deposit the same, subject to the 



[1823. 



APPENDIX. 75 



disposal of the General Convention, in such hands as may be deemed proper, 
beg leave to 

KEPORT, 

That they have been enabled to collect the greater part of the documents they 
were required to obtain, which they have deposited in the library of St. 
James's Church, Philadelphia, under the care of the Society for the Advance 
ment of Christianity in Pennsylvania. 

The Committee recommend that all the documents thus collected- be placed 
under the care of the Society, in whose library they are now deposited ; and 
that the Bishops and the Secretaries of conventions and other members of the 
Church, be requested to forward to the librarian of the said Society copies of 
all publications connected with the history of the Church in America not yet 
procured by the Committee, and all which may hereafter be published; pro 
vided that the Trustees of the said Society will take charge of the above 
documents, and submit them at all times to the inspection of the members of 
the General Convention. 

The accompanying papers, [marked A B], contain a list of those documents 
that have been obtained, and of those which, in the opinion of the Commit 
tee, it is desirable to possess. WILLIAM WHITE, 

GEORGE BOYD, 

May 23d, 1823. JACKSON KEMPER. 

' ' -' :;, (A) ' ;' " ', 'j 

List of Documents. 

The Committee of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies beg leave to 
state, that they are almost entirely indebted to the Right Rev. Bishop White 
for the Journals and other valuable papers they have obtained. 

1. An account in MS. of the first meetings of Committees for organizing 
the Church. On this MS. there is written as follows : " I deposit this with 
the Committee of the General Convention for collecting Journals it being the 
original record of the first steps taken for the organizing of the Episcopal 
Church throughout the Union. " WILLIAM WHITE. 

"October 30, 1821." 

2. A collection in writing from the records of the office of the Bishop of 
London, relative to the Church in this country. The following statement is 
given on the cover of the book : " This manuscript was copied from the rec 
ords of the office of the Bishop of London, by the Rev. Alexander Murray, 
who had been Missionary in Pennsylvania before the Revolution. He went 
to England during the war. When measures began to be taken for the organ 
izing of the Episcopal Church, he began a correspondence with me, and 
transmitted some information which was important, and had an effect on the 
proceedings of the General Convention held in 1785. On my arrival in Eng 
land with Bishop Provost, in the latter end of 1786, Dr. Murray communicat 
ed to us that he had been making such transcripts as the following ; but we 
held them entirely irrelevent to the situation in which we were, and did not 
ask for a penisal of them. Within a year or two after our return to Ameri 
ca, he returned, also, and took up his residence in Philadelahia, where he died 
in the yellow fever of 1793. Before his decease he gave me the transcript. 
And I lay it by, among papers relative to the Church, not knowing how far 
it may hereafter be a document gratifving to curiosity. 

"June 25th, 1810. WILLIAM WHITE." 



76 APPENDIX. [1823. 

" Oct. 30th, 1821. I deposit this manuscript with the Committee appointed 
at the last General Convention for the collection of Journals. 

"WILLIAM WHITE." 

3. A volume containing Journals of the General Convention from the 
year 1785 to 1814. inclusive, to which are added the Pastoral Letters from 
the House of Bishops for the years 1808, 1811, 1814. On the first page of 
this volume the following statement is written : 

" This volume is the only entire collection within my knowledge, of the 
original Journals of the General Convention, from the beginning, for the space 
of thirty years. It may be of use in determining on any questions which may 
arise concerning any particular of the republication of the Journals! by John 
Bioren. Accordingly I deposit it with the Committee appointed by the last 
General Convention for the collection of Journals. I also deposit with the 
Committee my collection of the Journals of the Conventions in the different 
States ; comprehending. I believe, almost all which have been edited. Thoso 
for several of the States are entire. WILLIAM WHITE." 

"October 80th, 1821." 

In addition to the Journals contained in this volume, the Committee have 
obtained the Journals for 1821. 

4. Journal of Massachusetts for 1790, and a copy of the Constitution and 
Canons published 1817. 

5 Connecticut. The Journals of 1802 and 1803. The Journals from 1808 
to 18-21 inclusive. The Constitution printed in 1821, and Bishop Brownell's 
chnrge 1821. 

6. New York. Journals from 1785 to 1791 inclusive. From 1801 to 1812 
inclusive. From 1814 to 1816 inclusive. The Journals of 1818, 1820, 1821 
and 1822. The Constitution and Canons in 1812. 

7. New Jersey. Journals from 1785 to 1798 inclusive. From 1800 to 
J822 inclusive. The address from the President of the Convention in 1797. 
The Canons, Constitution. &c., printed in 1811. The report on the state of 
the Church for 1814. The charge of the Bishop for 1819. 

8. Pennsylvania. The Journals from 1785 to 1822 inclusive. The Consti 
tution and Canons printed in 1822. 

9. Delaware. Commenced in 1791. The Journals from 1791 to 1794 in 
clusive. From 1798 to 1800 inclusive. The Journals of 1810, 1818, 1821. 

10. Maryland. The Journal of 1784 From 1788 to 1800 inclusive From 
1802 to 1804, and from 1806 to 1819 inclusive. The Journal of 1821. 

An address from Convention to the vestries in 1794. The Constitution and 
Canons printed in 1802. Bishop Kemp's Address in 1816. The Pastoral Let 
ter from the two Bishops in 1816. The Address from a Committee ordered 
by the Convention of 1817. 

11. Virginia. The Journals of 1785 to 1787 inclusive. The Journals of 
1789, 1791. 1792, 1794, 1813. Journal of the special Convention of 1814. 
Journals of 1816, '18 and '19. 

An address to the Convention by Bishop Madison, without date. 

12. North Carolina. All the Journals. Commenced in 1817. 

1 3. South Carolina A MS. without date, containing a proposed constitu 
tion. The Journals from 1818 to 1822 inclusive. 

14. Ohio. Commenced in 1818. The Journals of 1819, 1820. 

(B) 

Documents not obtained. 

General Convention. Journals for 1817, 1820. Pastoral Letters for 1817, 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 77 



1820. All Sermons before General Convention. Maine. All. Massachu 
setts. All, except 1790. New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, Eastern 
Diocese. All. Connecticut. All Journals before 1802. Those from 1804 
to 1807 inclusive. 1822.,-New York. The Journals from 1792 to 1800 in 
clusive. Those of 1813, 1817, 1819. New Jersey. The Journals for the an 
nual and special Conventions of 1799. Delaware. Journals from 1795 to 
1797 inclusive. Prom 1801 to 1809 inclusive. From 1811 to 1817. The 
Journals of 1819, 1820, 1822. Maryland. Journals from 1785 to 1787 inclu- ' 
sive. And the Journals of 1801, 1805, 1820. Virginia. Journals of 1788, 
1790, 1793 Journals from 1795 to 1812 inclusive. Journals of 1814, (not 
special) 1815, 1817, 1820, 1821, 1822 South Carolina. Journals from the 
commencement to 1817. Georgia, All. Ohio. Begun with 1818. The 
Journals of 1818, 1821, 1822. 

The Committee presume it would be desirable to possess, in addition to all 
the Journals, copies of all Pastoral Letters and Charges and of Sermons preach 
ed before Conventions the Reports of Societies connected with the Church 
copies of all publications in which the leading doctrines of the Church have 
been defended, and particularly the Reports of the venerable Society in Eng 
land for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

NO. III. 

The Constitution of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 
Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United 
/States of America, as amended by the General Conven 
tion, 1823. 

ART. I. 

This Institution shall be denominated the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 
Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. 

ART. II. 

It shall be composed of the Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
and of the members of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies of the Gen 
eral Convention of said Church for the time being ; and of such other persons 
as shall contribute, by subscription, three dollars or more, annually, to the ob 
jects of the Institution, during the continuance of such contributions; and 
of such as shall contribute at once thirty dollars, which contribution shall 
constitute them members for life. 

Members who pay fifty dollars on subscribing shall be denominated patrons 
of the Society. 

It shall be the privilege of the subscribers to designate, on their subscrip 
tions, to which of the object*, domestic or foreign, they desire their contribu 
tions to be applied. If no specification be made, the board of Directors may 
apply them to either or both, at their discretion, 

ART. III. 

The Society shall meet triennially, at the place in which the General Con 
vention shall hold its session. The time of meeting shall be on the first day 
of the session, at five o'clock, P. M. 

A sermon shall be preached, and a collection made in aid of the funds of 
the Society, at such time, during the session of the Convention, as may be 



78 APPENDIX. [1823. 

determined at the [preceding] meeting ; the preacher to be appointed by the 
House of Bishops. 

ART. IV. 

The Presiding Bishop of this Church shall be President of the Society; 
the other Bishops, according to seniority, Vice-presidents. There shall be a 
Secretary, and twenty-four Directors, who shall be chosen by ballot, at each 
meeting. 

ART. V. 

The Directors, together with the President, Vice-Presidents and Patrons of 
the Society, who shall, ex-officio, be Directors, shall compose a body to be de 
nominated the Board of Directors of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 
Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. 
They shall meet annually in the city of Philadelphia, except in the year of the 
meeting of the General Convention, when they shall assemble at the place 
of the meeting thereof. Nine members of the Board of Directors shall be 
necessary to constitute a quorum to do business. 

[The meetings of the Board of Directors shall always be opened by using a 
form of prayer, consisting of a special collect, to be prepared by the presiding 
Bishop, and one or more collects from the Liturgy ] 

ART. VI. 

At the annual meetings all missionary stations, appointments of Missiona 
ries, and appropriations of money, and all by-laws necessary for their own 
government, and for conducting the affairs of the missions, shall be made ; 
provided that all appointments of Missionaries shall be with the approbation 
of the Bishops present. Special meetings may be called by the President, or 
by one of the Vice-Presidents, as often as may be necessary to carry into effect 
the resolutions adopted at the annual meetings of the board, [and to fill up the 
vacancies that may occur among Missionaries, either on account of those who 
had been appointed declining to serve, or from the resignation or death of 
others ; and, if such power shall be confided to them at the preceding annu 
al meeting of the Board, to fix new missionary stations, and to appoint a new 
Missionary or Missionaries, as circumstances may require: the appointment 
so made to be with the approbation of the Bishop or Bishops present. When 
ever missionaries are appointed, and their stations fixed, provision shall be 
made for their support out of the appropriation made for the year, at the annu 
al meeting of the Board] At the special meetings, seven members, including 
the President, or one of the Vice-Presidents, shall be a quorum to transact 
business. 

The Board of Directors, whether at their annual or special meetings, may 
appoint such committees as may be necessary or useful. 

ART. VII. 

There shall be annually appointed [by the Board of Directors,] a Treasurer 
and two members of the Society, who, together, shall be termed Trustees of 
the permanent fund. 

The Treasurer shall receive all contributions which shall be made to the 
Society, and enter them in detail: distinguishing between what may be con 
tributed for domestic and what for foreign purposes, if any such distinction 
should be made ; and present a statement of his accounts annually, or ofteuer 
if required, to the Board of Directors. He shall not pay moneys unless on 
an order from the Board, signed by the President, or in his absence, by the 
senior Vice-President who may attend the meeting when such order is given. 

Twenty per cent, of all moneys whicih shall be contributed to carry into 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 79 



effect the objects of the Institution, shall be vested by the Trustees, in their 
own name, as officers of the Society, in some safe and productive stock, to 
constitute a permanent fund. The residue of the contributions, with the inter 
est arising from the permanent fund, shall be appropriated to the objects for 
which the Society was formed. 

ART. VIII. 

The Board of Directors, at their annual meetings, shall take snch measures 
as they may deem proper, to establish auxiliary Societies in any Diocese, with 
the advice and consent of the Bishop of the same ; to secure patronage, and 
to enlarge the funds of the Institution. The Bishop of every Diocese shall be 
President of the auxiliary Societies organized within it. 

ART. IX. 

In any Diocese or District where there is a Bishop, or an ecclesiastical body 
duly constituted under the authority of the Convention of the same, for mis 
sionary purposes aid may be given in money ; but the appointment of the 
Missionary shall rest with the Bishop or ecclesiastical body aforesaid. He 
shall act under their direction; and shall render to them a report of his pro 
ceedings, copies of which shall be forwarded to this Society. 

ART. X. 

The board of Directors shall, at every meeting of the Society, present a 
detailed report of their proceedings ; which, if approved and adopted by the 
Society, shall, on the next day, be presented by their President to the General 
Convention as the report of the Society. 

ART. XI. 

The present Convention shall elect, by ballot, the twenty-four Directors and 
the two Secretaries provided for by the 4th article, to act till the first stated 
meeting of the Society ; and the first meeting of the Board of Directors shall 
take place at Philadelphia, on the third Wednesday in November instant. 

ART. XII. 

[Alterations of the Constitution may be proposed either by the Society, or 
by the General Convention, at their respective triennial meetings; but no 
proposed alterations shall be adopted, unless by the concurrent vote of the 
two bodies.] 

ART. XIII. 

It is recommended to every member of this Society, to pray to Almighty 
God for His blessing upon its designs, under the full conviction, that unless 
He direct us in all our doings with His most gracious favour, and further us 
with His continual help, we cannot reasonably hope, either to procure suitable 
persons to act as Missionaries, or expect that their endeavors will be successful. 

N. B. The amendments are designated by being enclosed in [] brackets. 

NO. IV. 

Report of the Trustees of the General Theological Semin 
ary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, to the General Convention, 1823. 

The Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis- 



80 



APPENDIX. 



[1823. 



copal Church in the United States, agreeably to the second article of the 
Constitution, 

REPORT. 

The following is a statement of the subscriptions to the Seminary in the 
various Dioceses and Congregations, and ihe sums paid thereon : 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Subscribed and paid to the Seminary at New Haven, 
And still unpaid, 



100 



$1815 

CONNECTICUT. 

It appears from the Journal of the General Convention of 1821, that there ha 1 * 
been subscribed or promised, $3700 

NEW YORK. 

TRINITY CHURCH AND CHAPELS. 



Joshua Jones, $1,000 William Barnes, 


$10 


Jacob Sherred, 1, 


000 Cash, 


10 


Philip Hone, 1, 


250 Cash, 


10 


Estate of James M'Evers, 1, 


000 Charles Newton, 


5 


William Bayard, 


500 James Cummings, 


5 


Brockholst Livingston, 


500 Philip Henry, 


5 


Mrs. Jones and three Sons, 


500 A. Wright. 


5 


Matthew Clarkson, 


250 A. Ten Eyck, 


5 


David Lydig, 


250 Christopher Heiser, 


5 


William Rhinelander, 


250 John Langdon, 


5 


Isaac Jones, 


200 Thomas Woodhead, 


3 


Peter Roosevelt, 


200 Cash, 


2 


Mrs. Rogers, 


200 PAYABLE IN FIVE ANNTTAL INSTALMENTS. 


Benjamin M. Brown, 


100 Henry M'Farlan, 


500 


Thomas Swords, 


100 Nehemiah Rogers. 


500 


James Swords, 


100 Benjamin W. Rogers 


300 


Mrs. Kirkpatrick <k Miss Carmer, 


50 John Rogers, 


300 


Thomas S. Clarkson, 


50 Right Rev. J. H. Hobart, 


250 


John R. Triplett, 


50 William Bayard, Jr., 


250 


William Brown, 


50 Thomas L. Ogden, 


250 


Charles Wilkes, 


50 Jolm Low, 


250 


James Journeay, 


25 Gabriel Furman, 


250 


William E. Dunscomb, 


25 John T. Irving, . 


250 


Thorn as D. Moore, 


20 Thomas N. Stanford, 


125 


John R Wheaton, 


20 Thomas Bolton, 


125 


Benjamin Haight, 


20 John A. Moore, 


100 


John H. Contoit, Jr., 


20 Edward W. Laight, 


125 


Ferdinand Suydam, 


20 M. Robinson, 


100 


Robert Blackwell, 


20 Robert Brown, 


100 


Jonathan I. Coddington, 


10 Thomas L. Clark, 


100 


Alexander Ogsbury, Jr., 


10 Cornelius Oakley, 


50 



$11,835 

Of the above sum about $750 was subscribed to the Seminary when at 
New Haven, and $4250 paid to the New York Diocesan Seminary $1200 
of which were appropriated to the support of that establishment, and the bal 
ance, $3,050, was transferred to the General Seminary. 



1823] 



APPENDIX. 



81 



Collection in Trinity Church for the aid of Students, $206.74 

ST. GEORGE'S CHURCH. 

The Rev. Dr. Milnor, $200 in cash, and $300 in three annual instal 
ments, $500.00 
Thomas H. Smith, $500 Isaac Carrow, $200 John Bristed,$100 800 00 

$1,300.00 
Of the above was paid to the Seminary when at New Haven $700. 

GRACE CHURCH. 

Edward R. Jones, $50.00 Frederick D. Peyster, $250 00 $300.00 

Isaac Lawrence ($200 appropriated to the aid of Students) 500.00 

Henry A. and John G. Coster, 500.00 

The above was paid to the Seminary when at New Haven. 

In Grace Church about $11,000 (eight individuals subscribing $1000 each) 
was subscribed to the Diocesan Seminary in New York, and afterwards re 
newed for the General Seminary in that city, on the condition of $20,000 be 
ing subscribed for a Professorship. But there being no prospect of this sum 
being raised, that subscription is now relinquished, and a new one is com 
menced in the expectation that a considerable amount will be contributed. 



ST. ESPRIT. 

John Printard, $100 (paid to the Sem 
inary while at New Haven.) 
ST. STEPHEN'S CHURCH. 

Mrs. Warner, 

The Rev. Henry J. Feltus, 



$125 
50 



$175 

$250 
250 
250 
250 



ST. MARK'S CHURCH. 
Mangle Minthorn, 
Nicholas Fish, 
Jacob Lorillard, 
David S. Jones, 

$1.000 
These sums will be paid on demand. 

CHRIST CHURCH. 

George Lori Hard, $500 

Thomas S. Townsend, 250 

David Baker, 150 

Benjamin Hyde, 100 

Abraham Valentine, 25 



This sum will soon be paid. 

SCHENECTADY. 

J. C. Duane, 
J. J. Do Graaf; 



$100 
15 
$115 

GENEVA. 

Col. Robert Troup, $500 

Paid, at his request, to the Branch 
School in that place. 



TROY. 
Scholarship subscribed by Mr. 

Eliakim Warren, $2,000 

Nathan Bouton, 50 

William Bradley, 50 

$2,100 
UTICA. 

M. S. Miller, $50 

B. Walker, 50 

R. M. Malcolm, 20 

N. Wiliams, 50 

K. Winne, 20 

A. B. and others, H 

R. Marshall, 10 

~$2lO 

NEW JERSEY. 

There have been some subscriptions 
for a Scholarship, but the amount is 
not ascertained. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 
The Bishop White Scholarship, sub 
scribed by the Ladies of Philadel 
phia, $2,500 
Some other contributions, but the par 
ticulars not known. 

MARYLAND. 

Alexander C. Magruder, $200 

Hon. John Q. Adams, 50 

Joseph Milligan, 20 

$270 

VIRGINIA. 
There have been some subscrip- 



82 



APPENDIX. 



[1823. 



tions ; but the amount and particulars 

not known to the Trustees. 

NORTH CAROLINA 
A considerable sum, (about $10,000) 

has been subscribed, on conditions not 

known to the Board of Trustees. 
SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Collected from sundry persons in this 
Diocese, and paid to the Seminary 
when first at New York, and after 
wards at New Haven, $5,793.00 

Received by the present Sem 
inary at New York 1,72377 
$7,516.77 
In addition to the above there have 

been subscribed to found the Dehon 

Scholarship, about $2,500. 

The following are the particulars of 

the subscriptions and collections in 

South Carolina, as far as known to the 

Trustees : 

Nathaniel Heyward, $500 

Frederick Kohne, 500 

"William Heyward, 300 

The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, 300 

Hill Clarkson, 300 

Robert Smith, $300- in instalments ; 
paid 200 

Hugh Campbell, 300 

Margaret Bethune, $300 in instal 
ments; paid 

The Rev. Paul T. Gervais, 

Benjamin Huger, 

Mr. and Mrs. Russell, 

William Brisbane, 

J. M. Dart, 

Miss Wragg and Mrs. Smith, 

J R. Poinsett, 

"William Fitzsimmons, 

John C. Faber, 

Keating Simons, 

P. G. Priolieu, 

John Stoney, 

The Rev. Henry Handley Norris, a clergyman of the Church of England, has 
made a donation to the Seminary of 100 sterling, for which Bishop Ho- 
bart has drawn $444.44 

The following schedule, presented by the Treasurer, shows the receipts and 
expenditures, and the present state of the funds and property : 

The annexed account current shows, that since the organization of the Sem 
inary, a period of fifteen months, there have been received into the treasury, viz. 
The amount collected in Trinity Church for necessitous students, $ 206.74 
The balance of the funds of the late General Seminary, 1998.76 



C. C. Pinckney, 
Major Vanderhorst, 
The Rev. Mr. Snowden, 
Mrs. Gregorie, 

Mrs. M'Pherson, 
Mrs. Washington, 
Mrs Dehon, 
Mrs. Peters. 
John Lewis, 
John Potter, 
Charles Kershaw, 
Thomas Hingham, 
Thomas Lowndes 
Mr. Doughty, 
James Jervey, 
Mr. Weston, 
Mr. Turnbull, 
Mr. Dawson, 
Mr. Bacot, 
Robert Withers, 

D. Huger, 
Thomas Carr, 
Newman Kershaw, 
Stobo R. Perry, 
Phoebe Elliott, 

T. S. Grimke, 
P. Weston, 

Another subscription, 
C. Richardson, 
Mrs. S. C. Graves, 
Estate of Mr. Brisbane, 



100 

200 
2QQ COLLECT] 

150 St. Michael's 
150 St. Paul's, 
100 St. Phillip's, 
100 Sullivan's Is 
100 Edisto Islam 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 


$6,250 

:ONS AT CHURCHES. 

, $147.00 
73.18 
313.59 
land, 180.00 
1, 10.00 


T23-.77 
6250.00 


$6973.77 



1823,] APPENDIX. 83 

On account of subscriptions by members of Trinity Church, New 

York and her Chapels, $2472.00 

Ditto, ditto, by member of Grace Church, 200.00 

From Ale.x'r C. Magruder, in Maryland, by the hands of Bp. Hobart, 200.00 
From a Gentleman in N. Carolina, by the hands of the Rev. Dr. Milnor, 20.00 
Interest on capital invested, (exclusive of Sherred Legacy, not yet 

received,) 861.96 

To found the "Warren" and "Bishop White Scholarships," 4,500.00 

$ 10,448.96 

On the other hand, there have been paid from the Treasury, the following, viz. 
The collection at Trinity Church for necessitous students, $206.74 

Placed at interest on stock securities, $4500 of which belong to 

" Warren" and " Bishop White Scholarships,") 5,625.00 

On account of salaries due the llth of February last. 4,110.00 

A student one year's interest on " Warren Scholarship," 100.00 

Ordinary expenses, 406.71 

$10,448.45 
Leaving a balance in the Treasury of 00.51 

The Seminary owes for salaries due llth of February last, 90.00 

For salaries due llth of May, inst., 1,050.00 
To Mr. M'Farlan, the Auditor of Accounts, for money advanced by 

him in paying the ordinary expenses, and for books, 397.97 

$1,537.97 

Inventory of the property belonging to the General Seminary of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, and of Scholarships endowed. 

Amount received from E. Warren of Troy, to found the " Warren 

Scholarship," which is loaned out on stock hypothecated, $2,000.00 

Amount received from the Female Association at Philadelphia, to 
found the "Bishop White Scholarship," which is loaned out in 
the same manner, 2,500.00 

CAPITAL OP THE SEMINARY. 

Loaned to the Corporation of Trinity Church, 3,050.00 

Certificate of United States six per centstock, 3,700.00 

Thirty Franklin Fire Insurance Company shares, at par, 1,500 00 

Loaned on hypothecation of stock, 2,848.77 

, $11,098.77 

Also, sixty lots of ground at Greenwich, the donation of Clement C. Moore, 
Esq., at present unproductive. 

To which will be added, as soon as certain legal formalities, required by his 
executors, are complied with, the legacy of the late- Jacob Sherred, Esq., 
which will amount to about $57,000. 

The following are the reports of the Professors of the Theological Seminary 
in New York, and the Branch School at Geneva, and of the Library Com 
mittee 

NEW YORK, July 22, 1822. 

Tho Professors of the General Theological Seminary beg leave respectfully 
to report to the Trustees as follows : 

At t-he commencement of the session, on the 13th of February, 1822, the 
following students were admitted as members of the institution : Seth W. 



84 APPENDIX. [1823. 

Beardsley, and Augustus L. Converse, New York ; Robert B. Croes, New Jer 
sey ; John Dick, Edward K. Fowler, and Thomas T. Groslion. New York ; 
Lemuel B. Hull, Connecticut; "William L. Irving, New York; Levi S. Ives, 
New York; William Jarvis. Connecticut; Samuel R. Johnson, New York; 
William L. Johnson, New York; Samuel Marks, Pennsylvania; Henry M. 
Mason, Pennsylvania ; Matthew Matthews, Pennsylvania; Sylvester Nash, 
Virginia; Thomas K. Peck, New York; William T. Potter, Massachusetts; 
George M. Robinson, New York ; William Shelton, Connecticut ; Edward 
Thomas, South Carolina ; Henry J. Whitehouse, New York ; and James L. 
Yvonnet, New York. On the 22d of March. Samuel G. Raymond, New York, 
was admitted, On the 22d of April, Joseph P. Verdries. Pennsyalvania ; 
Philip Gadsden, South Carolina, and William P. Coffin, South Carolina; and, 
on the 17th of June, Paul Keith, South Carolina. 

The students attended tbe Professor of Pastoral Theology and Pulpit Elo 
quence* one day every week, from the commencement of the session until 
the month of June. The service of the Church was on the^e occasions perform 
ed as a devotional exercise by the students in rotation, and two sermons, and 
frequently more, were delivered by them, which, as well as the performance 
of the service, were the subjects of the criticisms of the Professor. They also 
went through a short course of instruction on the qualifications and duties of 
the clerical office. 

The Professor of Biblical Learning and of the Interpretation of Scripture.f 
reports., that he has attended two classes. One of them having studied with 
him during the last term of the Seminary, while in New Haven, the Epistles from 
Romans to Colossians, inclusive, has, during the present session, gone through 
the remainder. As this class attended him but once a week, it has been 
found impracticable to review any but the Epistle to the Hebrews. The other 
class attended twice a week, and after carefully reading the Gospel of St. 
Matthew, examined the Evangelists as an harmony, the Greek of Arch-Bishop 
Newcome being used as a text book, and the general principles of other 
harmonists being occasionally pointed out. Since the beginning of May they 
have pursued the study of the historical books of the Old Testament, from 
Joshua to Esther inclusive: but as the variety of duties which engaged their 
attention made it impracticable for them to devote more than one day in the 
week to this pursuit, it was impossible to attend to it with any minuteness. 
Lectures on subjects connected with these studies were occasionally read 
by the Professor, and he believes that the most important questions of a crit 
ical nature, arising out of them, were topics of discussion. 

The class attending the Professor of Systematic Theology}: began, shortly 
after the opening of the Seminary, to study Bishop Pearson's Exposition of 
the Creed, and have proceeded as far as that part of (he work, inclusively, 
which treats of the personality and divinity of the Holy Ghost ; comprizing near 
ly five-sixths of the whole. The class was attended three times a week gener 
ally ; but considerable interruption in their exercises has been occasioned by 
the state of the Professor's health. The course pursued by him has been to 
connect with the study of the Exposition of the Creed, that of other works on 
gorae subjects which appeared to. require a more full examination than the 
Bishop's Exposition contains. The class, accordingly, have studied nearly the 
whole of the following works: Jones's Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity; 
Bishop Horseley's Tracts on Unitarian! ; Dr. Magee on the Atonement; 
Bishop Hobart's Tract on the Descent into Hell, with Bishop Horsley's Ser- 

* Right Rer. John Henry Hobart, D. D. f R^. Samuel H. Turner, D. D. 

J Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 85 



mon on the same subject ; and West on the Resurrection, with several of 
Bishop Horsley's Sermons on that subject. Occasional references have like 
wise been made to passages in other authors. 

With the Professor of the Nature, Ministry and Polity of the Christian 
Church, and Ecclesiastical History,* the students have attended, during the 
present session, in two classes. The first class having prosecuted in the Sem 
inary, while at New Haven, the study of the History of the Church before the 
coming of Christ, and for the three following centuries, have attended to the 
Ecclesiastical History of the fourth century, with Mosheim for the text book. 
It was then thought advisable to direct their notice to the writings of the ear 
lier Fathers, with the view of passing from them to the study of the Nature 
and Ministry of the Church, under the advantage of the important light 
thrown on these subjects by that sound and best rule for the interpretation of 
Scripture, the generally prevailing principles and practice of the first Chris 
tians. 

The various other claims upon the time of the students rendered impossible 
a critical study of the Fathers in the original languages. All, therefore, that 
could be done on this head, was to recommend that exercise to them when 
opportunity shall be afforded. The generally accurate translation of Arch 
bishop Wake, and of the Rev. William Reeves, were made subjects of par 
ticular examination ; and those parts of them which had the most important 
bearing on the principles and practice of the primitive Church, having been 
compared with the originals, such inaccuracies as occasionally appeared were 
pointed out. The notes and other observations of these translators, particu 
larly applying the study of the Fathers to the important topics connected with 
the first department of this professorship, were made the subject of particular 
notice and examination. 

The second class have been engaged in the Historv of the Church before 
the coming of Christ, and have recited that portion of the third part of Stack- 
house's Body of Divinity which relates to this subject, and the first six books 
of Prideaux's Connexions. 

Each of the above classes has attended the Professor once in every week, 
and, for a short time, the second class has attended twice. 

The professor has devoted as much of his time as his other avocations would 
admit to the recitations of the students from the above text-books. Where 
additional facts or illustrations have presented themselves to his mind, in the 
course of this exercise, he has endeavored to improve the circumstance, by a 
familiar and informal notice of them. 

Upon the union of the General Seminary with that of New York, those 
students who had made some progress in the Hebrew language formed them 
selves into two classes, who have attended the Professor of Hebrew and Greek 
Literature,f since the commencement of the session until the present time. 
During the above period, the classes have severally read the first 17 Psalms, 
and the first ) 7 chapters of Isaiah ; and beside continual repetitions of distinct 
parts of the same, in the course of the recitations, they have nearly completed 
a general revision of the whole. The class that read Isaiah have attended the 
Professor once a week from the commencement of tho session. The other 
class, for some time, attended two recitations in each week; but in conse 
quence of the numerous studies to be pursued, the faculty thought it expedi 
ent to diminish the number of recitations one half. Several students who 
were not able to join either of the above classes, have separately attended 
the Professor during the latter part of the session. In addition to the above 
course of study, a part of each week has been devoted to such of the stu- 

* Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk. t Mr. Clement C. Moore. 



86 APPENDIX. [1823. 

dents as were desirous of having assistance in reading the notes to Bishop 
Pearson's Exposition of the Creed. 

The Professor of the Evidences of Revealed Religion, and of the Application 
of Moral Science to Theology,* reports, that since the last week of April, near 
ly all the students, except those of them who had already gone over the same 
course during the last year in the New York Seminary, have attended his in 
structions. 

The text-book used in this part of the course was Paley's Evidences, in 
which the class was regularly examined. In going over this work it was en 
deavored to give such an enlargement of Paley's argument, by extemporary 
instruction, reference to other authors and, where the subject appeared to 
demand it, by such written lectures or dissertations, as to present a general 
view of the historical and internal evidences of Christianity, of the popular 
objections of infMelily, and their refutation, and of the history of controver 
sies on that subject; especially so lar as they seemed to have an influence 
upon the opinions of our own country: excepting, only, those objections and 
controversies of a purely abstract and metaphysical character, the considera 
tion of which has been reserved for another part of the course. 

The Faculty beg leave further to report, that of the students above men 
tioned, Messrs. Dick, Fowler, Groshon, Peck, Robinson and Raymond, have 
left the Seminary; also Messrs. Irving and Ives, in consequence of their ex 
pectation shortly to take orders ; and Mr. Nash, in consequence of the illness 
of his father. Messrs. Marks and Yvonnet are absent. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

Signed by order of the Faculty of the Theological Seminary. 

J. H. HOBART, PRESIDENT. 

The Faculty of the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States, respectfully submit to the Board of Trustees 
of the said Seminary, the following 

REPORT. 

Immediately after the examination of the students in July last, in pres 
ence of the Trustees, commenced the annual vacation prescribed by the 
statutes. On the re-opening of the Seminary, the students who had belonged 
to it at the close of the former year returned, except Messrs. Hull, Jarvis and 
W. L. Johnson, who had been ordained; Mr. Beardsley, who was then about 
receiving orders ; and Mr. Marks, who had removed to Philadelphia. 

At the same time, also, Mr. Low, who had entered at New Haven, but had 
not attended since the removal of the Seminary, owing to ill health, joined the 
second class. 

Since that period, the following students have been admitted : November 
18th, Edward Neafville, Jr and William R. "Whittingham of New York. De 
cember 2d, Henry N. Hotchkiss. Benjamin Holmes, Danforth Billings and 
Samuel F. J. Wilson of New York ; and Charles P. Elliot of South Carolina. 
January 20. George A. Smith of Virginia. 

These all entered the third class, except Mr Smith, who, being found on 
examinations duly qualified, was admitted into the second class. 

During the present year there have left the Seminary, Mr. Converse, who 
has been ordained, Mr. Mason, who is about receiving orders; Mr. Verdries, 
who has removed from New York ; Mr. Coffin, on account of ill health ; and 
Mr. Wilson, who has relinquished the study of divinity. 

So that the present students are the following : 

* Mr. Julian C. Verplanck. 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 87 



FIRST CLASS. Robert Croes, of New Jersey ; Samuel R. Johnson, of New- 
York ; Matthew Matthews, of Pennsylvania ; William Potter, of Massachu 
setts ; "William Shelton, of Connecticut. "i 

SECOND CLASS Isaac Low, of New York ; Edward Thomas, of South Car 
olina ; Henry J. Whitehouse, of New York ; James L. Yvonnet, of New 
York ; George A. Smith, of Virginia. 5 

THIRD CLASS. Philip Gadsden, of South Carolina ; Paul T. Keith, of 
South Carolina ; Edward Neufville. Jr.. of Now York ; "William R "Whitting- 
bam. of New York ; Henry N. Hotclikiss, of New York : Benjamin Holmes, 
of New York; Danforth Billings of New Yoik ; Charles P. Elliot, of South 
Carolina. 8 Total number of students, 18. 

At the first meeting of the Faculty, after the annual vacation, they framed 
an order for the attendance of the several classes, by which it is provided that, 
besides the weekly attendance of all the students on the Professor of Pastoral 
Theology and Pulpit Eloquence, required by the statutes, and with the excep 
tion of the day thus appropriated, and Sunday, each class shall attend one, 
and but one recitation daily. Each recitation usually occupies from an hour 
and a half to two hours and a half. 

The Faculty have adopted a standing rule, that at the opening of the Semi 
nary, every year, an Introductory Address shall be publicly delivered by one of 
the Professors. As early a day after the passing of this rule as could conven 
iently be selected was appointed for the delivery of the address this year, and 
Professor Turner was requested to perform the duty ; which he accordingly 
did, in Trinity Church, in this city, in the presence of several of the Trustees, 
the Faculty, a number of the Clergy, and a large congregation, on the evening 
of the Festival of St John the Evangelist, December 27th. 

The following standing rule on the subject of qualifications for admission 
into the Seminary, has been adopted by the Faculty : 

" Whereas, by the statutes of the General Theological Seminary of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the United States, (chap vii. 1,) ' satisfactory 
evidence of classical and scientific attainments,' is to be presented to the Fac 
ulty by every applicant for admission into the Seminary ; therefore, Resolved. 
that with the exception of ' candidates for holy orders with full qualifications,' 
and of those persons who shall present a diploma from some college, every 
applicant for admission into the Seminary shall be required to stand an exam 
ination on the general principles of Natural aad Moral Philosophy and Rhet 
oric ; and in the Latin and Greek Languages, on the following works, or such 
others as shall be considered as an equivalent substitute, viz. : Sallust. Vir 
gil's jEneid, Cicero's Orations, or De OfSciis ; and the four Gospels, Xeno- 
phon's Cyropedia, and the first three books of Homer." 

The subject of the Theological Society, directed to be formed by chapter x. 
of the statutes, received the early attention of the Faculty. It has been duly 
organized, and gone into full, and, we trust, beneficial operation. 

. Every second meeting is devoted, exclusively, to devotional and practical 
purposes, and is occupied by the evening service of the Church, with an ap 
propriate prayer for the Seminars, conducted by the presiding officer; and 
a sermon or essay on some practical subject, by a student ; the subject be 
ing afterwards made the theme of familiar remark by the members and the 
presiding officer ; and the whole concluding with a selection of collects from 
the Liturgy. The Faculty are satisfied that as this is a very interesting, so it 
will, through the Divine blessing, prove a profitable addition to the means 
pointed out in the fifth section of the seventh chapter of the statutes, for tho 
cultivation, on the part of the students, of " evangelical faith, and a sound 
practical piety." 



88 APPENDIX. [1823. 

The other meetings of the Society are appropriated to dissertations on, and 
the discussion of theological topics, and declamation. 

For a more particular view of the Society, the Faculty beg leave to refer to 
its Constitution, a copy of which accompanies this report. 

Professors Turner, Wilson and Onderdonk preside, in rotation, at the meet 
ings of the Society ; provision being made that, in their absence, one of the 
members is chairman pro tern. 

For the greater part of the year the students have assembled in the recita 
tion-room every other Sunday evening, when Divine Service has been con 
ducted, and a sermon or lecture delivered, by Professor Turner, or Professor 
"Wilson. 

As farther illustrative of the progress and present situation of the Seminary, 
the Faculty subjoin copies of the particular reports of the Professors respect 
ively. 

" All the students of the Seminary have attended the Professor of Pastoral 
Theology and Pulpit Eloquence, one day in every week, from the commence 
ment of the first session in November last. They have been engaged several 
hours, each day of their attendance, in recitation, and in the delivery of ser 
mons ; and on certain days, in the reading of the service of the Church, as a 
devotional exercise. Two, and frequently three sermons have been delivered 
by the students, in rotation, each day ; which were the subjects of the re 
marks of the Professor ; and some of them also furnished, as an additional 
exercise, outlines of sermons. 

" The higher classes have recited Burnet's Pastoral Care, and the other the 
Appendix to the Clergymnn's Companion, on the qualifications and duties of 
the clerical office. And they are all now considerably advanced in the study 
of Claude's Essay on the Composition of a Sermon. 

JOHN H. HOBART, 
"Professor of Pastoral Theology and Pulpit Eloquence." 

" The Professor of Biblical Learning and the Interpretation of Scripture 
reports, that agreeably to the arrangement made by the Faculty, he attended, 
during the last session, to the third class, twice a week, and still continues 
the same duty. They have studied the book of Genesis, and about half of 
Exodus, with some chapters of Numbers, in the Septuagint, and are at pres 
ent attending to the Historical Books. A short course of the Criticism of the 
Old Testament, and of Jewish Antiquities, has been studied; in which the 
Professor has been obliged to direct his pupils to several authors for correct 
and necessary information. Mr. Home's late work on the Critical Study of the 
Sacred Scriptures cannot be considered as a text-book, but has been one among 
other books to which the students have been occasionally referred. 

" This class are also engaged in the study of the Harmony of the Gospels, 
using as a text book the work of Archbishop Newcome. 

" The second class have attended three times a week. They have pursued 
the study of the Epistles, and have read with care all of St. Paul's, except 
those to the Corinthians, and to Philemon. The Catholic Epistles, also, have 
been examined but hastily, from the want of time. As much of Ernesti's 
work on Interpretation as has been translated by Professor Stewart, has been 
used as a text-book on that subject ; to which were added such remarks and 
illustrations as appeared to be suitable. 

' The Professor begs leave to state farther, that as the Trustees thought 
proper, at their last meeting, to devolve on the Faculty the duty of providing 
for the instruction of the students in Ecclesiastical History, he consented to 
undertake, for a time, so much of that branch as comprises the Old Testament 
history, and the connection between it and the New, and the first three centu- 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 89 



ries of the Christian Church. With the third class he has hitherto pursued 
this subject along with the study of the books of Scripture. The second class 
have read the second part of Prideaux, with the omission of such portions as 
have no immediate connection with Jewish affairs, and are now attending to 
Mosheim. 

The extent and variety of the subjects which require attention in his own 
professorship, lead him to express the hope, that the Trustees will very soon, 
be able to provide for more efficient instruction in the other important depart 
ment of theological learning, than the necessary duties of his own will allow 
him to give. 

SAMUEL H. TURNER, Professor 
of Biblical Learning, and the Interpretation of Scripture." 

" With the Professor of Systematic Theology, the first class have proceeded 
through Bishop Pearson's Exposition of the Creed, from that part of it which 
treats of the Divinity and Personality of the Holy Ghost, to which they had 
advanced at the date of the last report of the Trustees. They have since stud 
ied Bishop Burnet and Bishop Tomline on the Thirty-nine Articles, the first 
three parts of Bishop White's Comparative Views of the Controversy between 
the Calvinists and Arminians, and Dr. Lawrence's Bampton Lectures. To 
these works have been added the most important Homilies, and many occa 
sional references to other authors on particular subjects. 

" In consequence of the temporary arrangement made at the request of the 
Trustees, between the professors of Biblical Learning and the Interpretation 
of Scripture, and of Systematic Theology, the first class have also studied, 
with the last named Professor, Dr. Mosheim's history of the fifth, sixth, seventh, 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries Bishop Burnet's Abridgment of his History 
of the Reformation in England, and Collier's History of the Reign of Eliza 
beth, from the period at which the preceding work concludes; and they have 
made considerable progress in the history of the seventeenth century. 
" The second class commenced the study of Systematic Theology at the be 
ginning of the second session. In the short time since elapsed much progress 
could not be made. They are pursuing the same course detailed in the last 
report to the Trustees, with some enlargement and improvement. 

" The first class have attended the Professor four days in each week, during 
the first session, and three days in each week during the second. The second 
class have attended two days in each week. 

BIRD WILSON", 
" Professor of Systematic Divinity." 

" Agreeably to an arrangement of the Faculty, under the eighth chapter 
of the statutes, the studies connected with the Professorship of the Nature, 
Ministry and Polity of the Church, have been confined to the first class, which 
attended the Professor once in each week, during the first session. Since the 
commencement of the present session they have attended twice a week, and will 
continue to do so through the year. They have recited Potter on Church Gov 
ernment, and the first seven books of Hooker's Ecclesiastical Polity ; and are 
now engaged in Barrow's Treatise on the Pope's Supremacy. Several valuable 
works connected with the subjects of this Professorship, which time would 
not allow to be recited, have been noticed and recommended to the perusal of 
the students ; particularly Slater's Original Draught of the Primitive Church, 
and the Letters of Mr. Law to the Bishop of Banker, in the Scholar Armed. 
The Professor has also, from time to time, added such farther illustrations of 
the several subjects as he thought might lead to a better understanding of 



90 APPENDIX. [1823. 

them : often with a particular reference to the system of Ecclesiastical Pol 
ity adopted in our own Church. 

" The Trustees having, at their last meeting, at the request of this Professor, 
grounded on the claims of his parochial connection, excused him trom the du 
ties of the department of Ecclesiastical History; they have been discharged 
by Professors Turner and Wilson. 

" BENJAMIN T. OXDERDONK, Professor of the Nature, 
Ministry and Polity of the Church." 

" The Professor of Oriental and Greek Literature begs leave respectfully to 
report, that during the first session, which commenced in November last, he 
was attended by the students of the second and third classes. The second 
class recited twice in each week ; and, in the course of the session, read in 
the original, and translated into English, the nineteenth, twentieth, twenty- 
first and twenty-second Psalms; the first, sixth, ninth, eleventh, thirteenth, 
fourteenth, fifty-third and sixtieth chapters of Isaiah, and the first nine chap 
ters of the book of Job. Beside which, other parts of the Hebrew Bible 
were, with the assistance of the Professor, occasionally translated, without 
having been previously studied. During the course of the recitations, the at 
tention of the students was carefully directed to the characteristic force and 
beauties of the Hebrew language, as well as to the vast difference between 
the ideas excited in the mind by translations, and the vivid pictures present 
ed to the intellectual view by the original. 

"The students of the third class, during the first session, attended the reci 
tations in the Hebrew three times in .a week ; and since the commencement 
of the second session they have attended but twice in each week. They 
commenced their studies with the Hebrew Grammar, and soon proceeded to 
read and translate the Psalter. They have gone over the first twenty-two 
Psalms, and the first, sixth, ninth, eleventh, thirteenth, fourteenth and fifty- 
third chapters of Isaiah. In the course of these recitations, the minute rules 
of grammar have been continually pointed out, and questions upon them again 
and again repeated, as occasions occurred for the application of them. This 
class has also read with the Professor, and without previous study, several 
chapters in Genesis. 

" In both classes, a part of the business of most of the recitations has been 
to repeat some portion of what had been previously recited. So that, while 
the students have been gradually extending their stock of acquirements, they 
have been continually impressing on their minds what they had already 
learned. 

"It was thought advisable that those who commenced their Hebrew studies 
in the Seminary should begin to translate the more difficult books of the Old 
Testament; because the time allotted by the statutes being too short for a 
complete course, it seemed best that they should have the assistance of the 
Professor in those parts where they were most likely to meet with impedi 
ments in their progress. 

" It has been the aim of the Professor to conduct his course of instruction 
in such a manner as to give to the recitations in his department the character 
of friendly and familiar conversations ; and to afford the students every en 
couragement to state, without reserve, whatever they found difficult or embar 
rassing, and to offer freely the thoughts which presented themselves to their 
minds, in the persuasion that more may be learned by unreserved communi 
cations, than by formal lectures ; and that the lively and unbiased intellects of 
youth may sometimes produce combinations of ideas, from which even veterans 
in literature mav derive advantage. 

" CLEMENT C. MOORE. Professor of 

" Oriental and Greek Literature." 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 91 



Agreeably to the order of attendance established by the Faculty, the Pro 
fessor of the Evidences of Revealed Religion, and of Moral Science in its re 
lations to Theology, was not to commence instruction in his department, until 
the second session, which began after the Easter recess. Owing, however, to 
unavoidable absence from the city, he has but just entered on his duties, and, 
consequently, has no report to make. 

The Faculty feel great pleasure in being able to state the satisfaction afford 
ed them by the spirit and success with which the studies and exercises of their 
respective departments have been prosecuted by those students of the Semin 
ary who have not been impeded by ill health, or other unavoidable causes. 
This remark is especially applicable to the department of Oriental and Greek 
Literature as most young men feel an aversion to the difficulty of learning 
the Hebrew language, the whole structure of which, as well as every word, 
and every character, is totally different from any thing to which they have ever 
been accustomed, and in the acquirement of which they are obliged, at first, 
to resume the elementary lessons of childhood. 

At the same time the Faculty feel still higher gratification in the reason they 
have to hope, that the industry of the students in the prosecution of their 
studies is not only with a view to their advancement in Theological science, 
and their respectnble standing in a learned profession, but principally with the 
hope of being thereby better qualified to advance the glory of God, promote 
the great interests of His Church, and be humble instruments in the salvation 
of their fellow-men. 

The Faculty, therefore, encouraged by the opportunity which they have of 
becoming acquainted with the characters, talents and acquirements of the stu 
dents, beg leave to congratulate the Trustees on the prospect of the great good 
to the cause of religion and the Church, which may be anticipated from the 
future services of those whom the Institution under their protection is engaged 
iu preparing for the ministry. 

In conclusion, the Faculty solicit the prayers of their fellow members of the 
Church, that in all the doings of this Institution, it may be directed with 
God's most gracious favour, and furthered with His continual help, for His 
sake to whose honor and glory it is devoted, Jesus Christ, our blessed Saviour 
and Redeemer. 

Signed by order of the Faculty, J. H. HOBART, 

YORK, May 14, 1823. PRESIDENT. 



Constitution of the Theological Society of the General The 
ological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States, adopted December 23, 1822. 

ART. i. 

This Society shall be denominated " The Theological Society of the General 
Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States." 

ART. II. 

The object of this Society shall be as determined by the statutes, (chap, x.) 
viz. " for the purpose of discussing questions, delivering theses or sermons, 
declamation and exercises in Reading, and for other objects connected with 
literary and theological improvement ; and particularly for such religious ex 
ercises as are calculated to excite and cherish evangelical affections and pious 
habits." 



92 APPENDIX. [1823. 

ART. III. 

This Society shall be composed of the students of the above mentioned 
Seminary. 

ART. IV. 

One half of the members shall constitute a quorum, 
ART. V. 

One of the Professors shall preside at each meeting of the Society, agreea 
bly to such arrangements as may be made by the Faculty. 

ART. VI. 

At the first regular meeting of the Society in each session, there shall be 
chosen by ballot, a Vice-President and Secretary, who shall enter upon their 
offices at the next regular meeting after their election : and the Society shall 
have power to supply any vacancies in these offices, at any regular meeting. 

ART. VII. 

The Vice-President shall preside at all meetings of the Society, in the ab 
sence of the Professor ; and if the Vice-President also be absent, the Society 
shall elect a Chairman. 

ART. VIII. 

The presiding officer shall take the question on all motions, appoint all com 
mittees, determine all questions of order ; and if he think proper, may give 
his opinion on all subjects of debate, immediately after their discussion. 

ART. IX. 

It shall be the duty of the Secretary to record all the proceedings of the 
Society, keep all its books and papers, and act, also, as Treasurer. 

ART. X. 

The Society shall meet as provided for by the statutes, (chap, x.) weekly, 
on Saturday, or on such other day 'as may be appointed by the by-laws. 

ART. XI. 

Every meeting of the Society shall be opened and closed with offices of 
devotion, appointed by the Faculty. 

ART. XII. 

The second regular meeting in each year, and every second subsequent 
meeting, shall be appropriated to such religious exercises as are calculated 
to excite and cherish evangelical affections and pious habits. For this pur 
pose, after appropriate devotions, prescribed by the Faculty, a member shall 
read a dissertation on some religious topic of a practical nature ; on the 
subject of which the members shall be invited to make remarks, with a view 
to their advancement in the graces and virtues of the Christian life, and in the 
dispositions and habits required by the holy calling for which they are pre 
paring. 

And the other meetings shall be appropriated to declamation, the reading 
of a thesis on some theological topic, and the discussion of some question in 
divinity. 

ART. XIII. 

By-laws may be made at any meeting of the Society, by a majority of the 
votes of the members present. But the by-laws shall be submitted to the 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 93 



Faculty nt their next meeting, and if disapproved of by them, shall be thence 
forward repealed. 

ART. XIV. 

Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed, either by the Faculty, 
or by the Society : and when adopted by either, shall be reported to the 
other ; and, on being adopted by two-thirds of each, shall be considered as 
a part of this Constitution. 

A true copy, J. L. YVOXNET Secretary of Theologcial 

Society of General Theological Seminary. 

Report of the Professors in the Branch Theological School, 
Geneva, to the Trustees of the General Theological Sem 
inary at^New York. 

The Professors report the following young gentlemen as members of the 
Branch School, viz. 

William "W. Bostwick, Richard Salmon, Marvin H. Cady, Orsimus H. Smith, 
reading Theology. Ira White, Seth Davis, Henry Gregory, Thaddeus Garlick, 
John Gavott, Isaac Elwood, Isaac Pardee and Henry S. Atwater, pursuing 
academical studies, preparatory to reading Theology. Burton H. Hickcox, 
having recently received Deacon's orders, has left the school. John A. Clark, 
formerly in the School, entered the senior class in Union College last autumn ; 
but he will return at the end of the ensuing summer. Henry Graves, now in 
South Carolina for the benefit of his health, will enter the School upon his re 
turn William W. Weber, M. D., has entered his name as a student in The- 
oloary, to commence after having renewed his classical studies. 

On the 5th of August last the students took possession of their apartments 
in the new academy, eligibly situated on the high western bank of Seneca 
Lake. The change has been found to be not only pleasant, but advantageous 
to the student, by enabling him to pursue his reading in his own retired room, 
at all hours of the day. unmolested by the noise of business, and uninterrupt 
ed by incidents from which not even private families are always free. 

The four first mentioned students have passed their second examination, but 
have been prevented from passing the third one, from the ill health of the Pro 
fessor of Systematic Divinity. The Professor of Ecclesiastical History has 
uniformly caused the students to recite Theology daily, and he has devoted as 
much time each day to lectures, as the multiplied duties of the Academy 
would permit. The Professor of Systematic Theology has devoted as uiuch 
time as the duties of a parochial Clergyman would permit, to examining the 
compositions of the students, in causing them to perform the service, and de 
liver their sermons before him ; this practice he continued until extreme ill 
health compelled him to relinquish it. D. M'DONALD, 

Professor of Ecclesiastical History, &c. 

ORIN CLARK, 
Professor of Systematic Divinity. 

GENEVA, April 10, 1823. 

The Library Committee reports, that the union of the two libraries, viz., 
that forwarded from New Haven and that of New York, has given to the 
General Seminary a valuable collection of about two thousand five hundred 
volumes, a large proportion of which are folios and quartos. And a Commit 
tee has been appointed to exchange such duplicates and odd volumes as it 



94 APPENDIX. [1823. 

might not be expedient to retain, so as to complete, as far as possible, imper 
fect sets, and extend our collection. 

The Trustees appropriated, in July last, at our request, the sum of $500, 
for the purpose of procuring elementary books, in constant u.se of the students ; 
and euch of these books as could be immediately procured have been obtained, 
and orders have been forwarded to Europe for others. 

Several gentlemen have presented from their private libraries valuable ad 
ditions to our collection ; particularly the Rev. Mr. Price, of Tulworth. Eng 
land, from whom we have lately received a handsome donation of about 
eighty volumes ; and from John Pintard, Esq., of this city, in addition to his 
former liberality, a donation of abont sixty volumes ; and the Philadelphia 
Bible Society has kindly sent us reports of the British and Foreign Bible 
Society. 

We are also indebted to the liberality of Mr. James Eastburn, and Messrs. 
Swords, booksellers ; to the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, the Re,v. Mr Rich 
mond, the Rev. Dr. Upfold. Dr. D. Hosack, Dr. Francis, and Charles M'Evers, 
Esq., for considerable additions to our Library during the past year. And we 
would earnestly invite the attention of the friends of our Institution to imitate 
such examples. 

The Committee farther report, that a Catalogue of the whole library is now 
in preparation, and that books presented as donations to the Institution, are 
entered upon a record kept for the express purpose, and in the names of the 
respective benefactors. 

Signed by order, and in behalf of the Committee, 

H. J. FELTUS, LIBRARIAN. 

NEW YORK, May 14, 1823. 

The Trustees have adopted the following plan for the collection of funds : 

" Tt is expedient. THAT four agents be appointed to collect funds for the 
Seminary, one in the States east of New York one in the State of New 
York one in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland and one 
in the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

*' THAT the expenses of these Agents be defrayed, and that they be allowed 
such compensation as the Standing Committee may deem proper. 

" THAT the Rev. Lemuel B. Hull be the agent for the States east of New 
York ; Mr. Floyd Smith, for the State of New York ; Mr. Robert B. Croes, 
for the States of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland : and 
the Rev. William Barlow for the States of Virginia, North and South Caroli 
na and Georgia : and that the President of the Standing Committee be em 
powered to appoint additional agents, and to fill any vacancies which may 
occur in the appointments ; and that the agents be under his direction. 

" THAT it is expedient that the agents for the northern and middle divisions 
commence their operations as soon as possible ; and those of the southern, as 
early as may be practicable in the fall. 

" THAT it is expedient that at the meeting of the General Convention, ap 
plication be made for subscriptions ; and that the Rev. Dr. Gadsden be the 
agent for this purpose. 

"THAT as soon as the funds of the Institution will admit, it is expedient 
that a house be rented for the occupation of some suitable person who will 
board the students of the Seminary, at a proportionably reduced charge." 

The Trustees, in conformity with the power given them by the Constitution, 
established, at their first meeting, a branch school at Geneva, New York. 
But understanding that the persons particularly interested in that School are 
disposed to relinquish it, the Trustees have authorized the Standing Commit- 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 95 



tee to abolish it, in case they deem such a measure to be expedient and 
proper. 

The capital of the Seminary being inadequate to its present circumscribed 
expenses, the Trustees confidently hope for the countenance and aid of the 
Bishops, Clergy and Laity, in General Convention assembled, in the measures 
for raising adequate funds for an Institution which is so intimately connected 
with the interests and honor of the Church. 

All which is respectfully submitted to the General Convention, by the 
Board of Trustees. 

HENRY U. ONDERDONK, SECRETARY. 

NEW YORK, May 17, 1823. 

NO. Y. 

The joint Committee of the two Houses of Convention, appointed by the 
last triennial Convention for reporting a standard copy of the Bible, having 
taken under consideration certain testimonies borne to two editions of Eyre 
& Strahan, published in the years 1806 and 1812, report, that the said editions 
are believed by thein to be the most perfect of all, concerning which intelli 
gence has been obtained by them. Accordingly they recommend the adoption 
of the latter of these editions as the standard. We believe it to be the same 
of which some copies have been imported by S. Potter, bookseller, and are 
now for sale by him, the title page of which bears the date of 1813. 

WILLIAM WHITE, CHAIRMAN. 

JAMES KEMP, 

JOHN CROES, 

CHARLES H. WHARTON, 

BIRD WILSON, 

JACKSON KEMPER, 

S. SITGREAVES. 



CONSTITUTION 

OP THE 

Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America. 

ART. 1. There shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, at such time in every third year, and 
in such place as shall be determined by the Convention ; and in case there 
shall be an epidemic disease, or any other good cause to render it necessary 
to alter the place fixed on for any such meeting of Convention, the Presiding 
Bishop shall have it in his power to appoint another convenient place, (as near 
as may be to the place so fixed on,) for the holding of such Convention ; and 
special meetings may be called at other times, in the manner hereafter to be 
provided for ; and this Church, in a majority of the States which shall have 
adopted this Constitution, shall be represented, before they shall proceed to 
business ; except that the representation from two States shall be sufficient 
to adjourn ; and in all business of the Convention, freedom of debate shall 
be allowed. 



96 APPENDIX. [1823. 

AET. 2. The Church in each State shall be entitled to a representation of 
both the Clergy and the Laity ; which representation shall consist of one 
or more deputies not exceeding four of each order, chosen by the Convention 
of the State; and in all questions, when required by the Clerical and Lay 
Representation from any State, each order shall have one vote ; and the ma 
jority of suffrages by States shall be conclusive in each order, provided such 
majority comprehend a majority of States represented in that order : The con- 
ctirrence of both orders shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the Conven 
tion. If the Convention of any State should neglect or decline to appoint 
Clerical Deputies, or if they should neglect to appoint Lay Deputies ; or if 
any of those of either order appointed should neglect to attend, or be prevent 
ed by sickness or any other accident, such State shall, nevertheless, be con 
sidered as duly represented by such Deputy or Deputies as may attend, 
whether Lay or Clerical. And if, through the neglect of the Convention of 
any of the Churches which shall have adopted, o.' may hereafter adopt this. 
Constitution, no Deputies, either Lay or Cleiicnl, should attend at any General 
Convention, the Church in such State shall, nevertheless, be bound by the acts 
of such Convention. 

ART. 3. The Bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, 
shall, whenever General Conventions are held, form a separate House, Avith a 
right to originate and propose acts, for the concurrence of the House of Depu 
ties, composed of Clergy and Laity : and when any proposed act shall have 
passed the House of Deputies, the same shall be transmitted to the House of 
Bishops, who shall have a negative thereupon ; and all acts of the Convention 
shall be authenticated by both Houses, ^ind, in all cases, the House of Bish 
ops shall signify to the Convention their approbation or disapprobation (the 
latter, with their reasons in writing.) within three days after the proposed act 
shall have been reported to them for concurrence ; and, in failure thereof, it 
shall have the operation of a law. But until there shall be three or more 
Bishops, as aforesaid, any Bishop attending a General Convention shall be a 
member ex officio, and shall vote with the Clerical Deputies of the State to 
which he belongs ; and a Bishop shall then preside. 

ART. 4. The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall he chosen agreeably to 
such rules as shall be fixed by the Convention of that State : and every Bishop 
of this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal office to his proper 
Diocese or district : unless requested to ordain, or confirm, or perform any 
other act of the Episcopal office, by any Church destitute of a Bishop. 

ART, 5. A Protestant Episcopal Church in any of the United States, not 
now represented, may, at any time hereafter be admitted, on acceding to this 
Constitution. 

ART. 6. In every State the mode of trying Clergymen shall be instituted 
by the Convention of the Church therein. At every trial of a Bishop, there 
shall be one or more of the Episcopal order present ; and none but a Bishop 
shall pronounce sentence of deposition or degradation from the ministry, on 
any Clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon. 

ART. 7. No person shall be admitted to Holy Orders, until he shall have 
been examined by the Bishop, and by two Presbyters, and shall have exhib 
ited such testimonials, and other requisites, a-s the Canons in that case provided 
may direct ; nor shall any person be ordained, until he shall have subscribed 
the following declaration : " I do believe the Holy Scriptures of the Old and 
New Testament to be the word of God, and to contain all tilings necessary to 
salvation ; And I do solemnly engage to conform to the doctrines and worship 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these United States." No person or 
dained by a foreign Bishop shall be permitted to officiate as a minister of this 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 97 



Church, until he shall have complied with the Canon or Canons in that case 
provided, and have also subscribed the aforesaid declaration 

ART. 8. A Book of Common Prayer, Administration of the Sacraments, and 
other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, articles of religion, and a form and 
manner of making, ordaining and consecrating Bishops, Priests and Deacons, 
when established by this or a future General Convention, shall be used in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in those States which shall have adopted this 
Constitution. 

No alteration or addition shall be made in the Book of Common Prayer, or 
other offices in the Church, unless the same shall be proposed in one General 
Convention, and by a resolve thereof made known to the Convention of 
every Diocese or State, and adopted at the subsequent General Convention. 

ART. 9. This Constitution shall be unalterable, unless in General Conven 
tion, by the Church, in a majority of the States which may have adopted the 
same ; and all alterations shall be first proposed in one General Convention, 
and made known to the several State Conventions, before they shall be finally 
agreed to, or ratified, in the ensuing General Convention. 

Done in the General Convention of the Bishops, Clergy and Laity of the 
Church, the second day of October, 1789. 

The first article was amended in General Convention, 1804, and again in 
General Convention, 1823. 

The third article was amended in General Convention, 1808. 

The second paragraph of the eighth article was added in General Conven 
tion, 1811. 

The next General Convention will be held in the city of Philadelphia, on 
the first Tuesday in November, 1826. 



98 APPENDIX. [1823. 



ist 1 of fljp 




PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States of America. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Ver 
mont, and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop. 

MAINE. 

The Rev. Gideon W. Olney, Rector of Christ Church, Gardiner. 

The Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Portland. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE.* 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rector of St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 
The Rev. Robert Fowle, Rector of Trinity Church, Holderness. 
The Rev. James B. Howe, Rector of Union Church, Claremont. 
The Rev. George Leonard, of Vermont, officiates one third of his time in 
Trinity Church, Cornish. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. Alfred L. Baury, Minister of St, Mary's Church, Newton. 

The Rev. Silas Blaisdell, Deacon, Salem-street Academy, Boston. 

The Rev. John L. Blake, residing in Boston. 

The Rev. Solomon Blakesley, Rector of St. James's Church, Great-Bar- 

rington. 

The Rev. James Bowers, residing in Farmington. 
The Rev. Isaac Boyle, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. 
The Rev. Thomas Carlile, residing at Salem. 
The Rev. Benjamin Clark Cutler, Deacon, Missionary, and Minister of 

Christ Church, Quincy. 

The Rev. Asa Eaton, Rector of Christ Church, Boston. 
The Rev. Cheever Felch, Chaplain in the United States Navy. 
The Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

No list of Clergy has been received from this Diocese. That here published ia taken 
from Sword's Almanac for 1S23. 



1823.] 



APPENDIX. 99 



The Rev. Galen Hicks, residing at Taunton. 

The Rev. Aaron Humphries, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough, 

and St Paul's, Lenox. 

The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Boston. 
The Rev. Lott Jones, Deacon, Missionary at Marblehead. 
The Rev. James Morss, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 
The Rev. George Otis, Deacon, Tutor in Harvard University, Cambridge. 
The Rev. Addison Searle, Chaplain in United States Navy. % i 

The Rev. Titus Strong, Rector of St. James's Church, Greenfield, St. John's 

Church, Ashfield, and Trinity Church, Montague. 
The Rev. Calvin Wolcott, Rector of St Andrew's Church, Hanover, and 

performing Missionary duties in the Churches of Marshfield and 

Bridgewater. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Elijah Brainard, Deacon, Missionary. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Rector of Bethel and Bethesda Churches, 

Arlington, Zion Church, Manchester and Church, Sandgate. 

The Rev. Carlton Chase, Rector of Immanuel Church, Bellows' Falls. 

The Rev. Joel Clapp. Rector of Trinity Church, Shelburne. 

The Rev. George Leonard, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Windsor. 

The Rev. Samuel B. Shaw, Deacon. Minister of Church, Guilford. 

The Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, Middlebury. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Right Rev. Alexander V. Griswold, D.D., Rector of St. Michael's 
Church, Bristol. 

The Rev. Jasper Adams, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philoso 
phy, in Brown University, Providence. 

The Rev. Alden, Missionary. 

Th Rev. Lemuel Burge, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Kingston, 
and St. Paul's Church, South Kingston. 

The Rev. Nathan Bourne Crocker, Rector of St. John's Church, Providence. 

The Rev. George Taft, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Providence. 

The Kev. Salmon Wheaton, Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D. LL. D., Bishop, New Haven. 
The Rev. George B. Andrews, officiating Minister at Kent, Sharon, and 

New Preston. 

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church Stratford. 
The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Guilford, St. John's, 

North Guilford, and Union Church, North Killingsworth. 
The Rev. Stephen Beach. 
The Rev. David Belden, residing at Wilton. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benham, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford, 

and the Churches at Bridgewater and Brookfield. 
The Rev. Tillotson Bronson, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, and 

Principal of the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 
The Rev. William J. Bulkley. 
The Rev. Nathan B. Burgess, officiating in the parishes of Middle-Had- 

dam and Glastenbury. 
The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 



100 APPENDIX. [1823. 

The Rev. Peter G. Clark, Rector of St John's Church, Essex, Saybrook. 

The Rev. Asa Cornwall, Assistant Minister of St. Peter's Church, and As 
sistant in the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 

The Rev. Harry Croswell, Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven. 

The Rev John M. Garfield, New Haven. 

The Rev. Alpheus Gear, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury, and 

Churcu, Salem. 

The Rev. Sturges Gilbert, Rector of the Churches in Woodbury and Rox- 
bury. 

The Rev. Bennet Glover, Minister of East Church, Haddam, and 

Hebron. 

The Rev. Samuel Griswold. Simsbury. 

The Rev. Frederick Holcomb, Minister of the Churches in Watertown and 
Northfield. 

The Rev. Origen P. Holcomb, Minister of Trinity Church, Branford, St. 
Andrew's Church, North Branford, and Trinity Church, North Haven. 

The Rev. Lemuel B. Hull, Deacon, Missionary. 

The Rev. Reuben Ives, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Meriden. 

The Rev. William Jarvis, Deacon, Missionary, 

The Rev. Stephen Jewett, Derby. 

The Rev. Isaac Jones, Assistant Minister of the Associated Churches in 
Litchfield. 

The Rev. Jasper D Jones, officiating in Durham. 

The Rev. Henry R. Judah. 

The Rev. Bethel Judd Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 

The Rev. James Keeler, Rector of Church, Wallingford. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 

The Rev. Smith Miles, Rector of Trinity Church, Chatham. 

The Rev. Birdsey G. Noble, Rector of Christ Church, Middletown. 

The Rev. Beardsley Northrop, Oxford. 

The Rev. Seth B, Paddock, Deacon, Assistant Minister of Christ Church. 
Norwich 

The Rev. Joseph Perry, Rector of Christ Church, East Haven, and Trin 
ity Church, West Haven. 

The Rev. Chauncey Prindle, officiating in Church, Woodbridge. 

The Rev. Menzies Rayner, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Rip ton, and St. 
Peter's Church, New Stratford. 

The Rev. Rodney Rossiter, Rector of St. Peter's and St. Matthew's Churches, 
Plymouth. 

The Rev. Philo Shelton, Rector of St. John's Church, Bridgeport, and 
Trinity Church, Fairfield. 

The Rev. Reuben Sherwood, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. 

The Rev. Charles Smith, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Wilton, and 

Church, Ridgefield. 

The Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, Deacon, Minister of St. John's Church, Stam 
ford, and Church, Horseneck. 

The Rev. Ransom Warner. 

The Rev. Joseph D. Welton, residing at Waterbury. 

The Rev. Natnaniel S Wheaton, Rector of Christ Church, Hartford. 

The Rev. George S. White, residing at Brooklyn. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Trinity 
Church, including St. Paul's and St. John's Chapels, and Professor 



1823.] APPENDIX. 101 

of Pastoral Theology and Pulpit Eloquence in the General Theolog 
ical Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, New York. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, Rector of St. John's Church, Johnstown, Mont 
gomery county. 

The Rev. Henry Anthon, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida county. 

The Rev. Deodatus Babcock, Missionary at Buffalo, Erie county, and parts 
adjacent. 

The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin. 

The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, Rector of Trinity Church, New Rochelle, West- 
chester county. 

The Rev. Seth W. Beardsley, Deacon, Minister of Christ Church, Sacket's 
Harbor, Jefferson county. 

The Rev. William Berrian, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 
York. 

The Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Rector of Zion Church, New York. 

The Rev. David Brown, Missionary at Fredonia, Chatauque county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. John Brown, Rector of St. George's Church, Newburgh, and St. 
Thomas's Church, New Windsor, Orange county. 

The Rev. Moses Burt, Deacon, Missionary at Granville, Washington 
county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Richard Bury. Deacon, Minister of Christ Church, Duanesburgh, 
Schenectady county. 

The Rev. Leverett Bush, Missionary at Oxford, Chenango county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. David Butler, Rector of St. Paul's Church.Troy.Rensselaer county. 

The Rev. Richard F. Cadle, residing in New York. 

The Rev. Lawson Carter, Missionary at Ogdensburgh, St. Lawrence coun 
ty, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Orin Clark, Rector of Trinity Church, Geneva, Ontario county. 

The Rev. William A. Clark, Rector of Christ Church, Balston Spa, Sara 
toga county. 

The Rev. James P. F. Clarke, Rector of St. John's Church, Canandaigna, 
Ontario county. 

The Rev. Timothy Clowes, LL. D. 

The Rev. Agustus L. Converse, Deacon. 

The Rev. William Creighton, Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Francis H. Cuming, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Rochester, 
Monroe county. 

The Rev. George W. Doane, officiating in Trinity Church, New York. 

The Rev. Benjamin Dorr, Rector of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, 
Rensselaer county, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga county. 

The Rev. Cornelius R. Duffie, Deacon, residing in New York. 

The Rev. Palmer Dyer, Deacon. 

The Rev. Manton Eastburn, Deacon, Assistant Minister of CLrist Church, 
New York. 

The Rev. Henry J. Feltus, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Augustus Fitch, Deacon, '1 eacher, New York. 

The Rev. Edward K. Fowler, Deacon, officiating in St. John's Church, 
Huntington, Suffolk county. 

The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Missionary in Albany and Greene counties. 

The Rev. Ezekiel G. Gear, Missionary at Binghamton, Broome county, 
and parts adjacent. 



102 APPENDIX. [1823. 

The Rev. Charles W. Hamilton. 

The Rev. William Hammel, residing in New York. 

The Rev. William Harris, D.D., President of Columbia College, New York. 

The Rev. Seth Hart, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, Queen's 
county. 

The Rev. Samuel Haskell, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, Westchester 
county. 

The Rev. Burton H. Hecox, Deacon. 

The Rev. Algernon S. Hollister, Deacon, Missionary at Trenton, Oneida 
county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Henry N. Hotchkiss, Deacon. 

The Rev. Reuben Hubbard, Rector of St. James's Church, Goshen, Orange 
county. 

The Rev. David Huntington, Rector of St. Paul's and St. Mary's Churches, 
Charlton, Saratoga county. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Huse, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Richfield, Otsego 
county. 

The Rev. William S. Irving, Deacon. 

The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson, Rector of St. James's Church, New- 
town, Queen's county. 

The Rev. Cave Jones, Chaplain in the United States Navy,' Brooklyn, 
King's county. 

The Rev. William B. Lacey, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D. Rector of Christ Church, New York. 

The Rev. Charles M'Cabe, Rector of St. James's Church, Milton, Saratoga 
county. 

The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, D. D. Principal of the Academy, and Profes 
sor of the Interpretation of Scripture, Ecclesiastical History, and the 
Nature, Ministry, and Polity of the Christian Church- in the Branch 
Theological School of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, Geneva, Ontario county. 

The Rev. John M'Vickar, Professor of Rhetoric and Moral Philosophy in 
Columbia College, New York. 

The Rev. James Milnor, D. D., Rector of St. George's Church, New York. 

The Rev. David Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, including Trinity 
Chapel, Staten Island. 

The Rev. Daniel Nash, Missionary in Otsego county. 

The Rev. Samuel Nichols, Minister of St. Matthew's Church, Bedford, 
Westchester county. 

Tho Rev. George H. Norton, Missionary at Richmond, Ontario county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, an Assistant Minister of Trinity 
Church, and Professor of the Nature, Ministry, and Polity of the 
Church in the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States, New York. 

The Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, M. D., Rector of St. Ann's Church, Brook 
lyn, King's county. 

The Rev. Amos Pardee, Missionary at Oswego, Oswego county, and parts 
adjacent. 

The Rev. Thomas K. Peck, Deacon, Missionary at Onondaga, Onondaga 
county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Henri L. P. F. Peneveyre, Rector of St. Esprit, New York, in 
which the services of the Church are celebrated in the French lan 
guage. 



1823.] APPENDIX. 103 

The Rev. Marcus A. Perry, Missionary at Unadilla, Otsego county, and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Samuel Phinney. 
The Rev. Alonzo Potter, Deacon, Professor of Mathematics and Natural 

Philosophy in Union College, Schenectady. 
The Rev. William Powell, residing in Westchester county. 
The Rev. Joseph Prentiss, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, and St. 

Luke's Church, Catskill, Greene county. 

The Rev. Alexis P. Proal, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 
The Rev. John Reed, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, Dutch- 
ess county. 
The Rev. William Richmond, Rector of St. Michael's and St. James's 

Churches, New York. 
The Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, Missionary at Turin, Lewis County, and 

parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Richard Salmon, Deacon. 
The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Rector of Grace Church, Jamaica, Queen's 

county. 
The Rev. Charles Seabury, Missionary at Setauket, and Islip, Suffolk 

county. 
The Rev. John Sellon, Deacon, officiating in the Church in Ann-street, 

New York. 
The Rev. William Shelton, Deacon, Missionary at Plattsburgh, Clinton 

county. 

The Rev. Lucius Smith, Batavia, Genesse county. 
The Rev. Orsamus Smith, Deacon. 

The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of Christ Church, Hudson, Columbia county. 
The Rev. Willim B. Thomas, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Fishkill 

Dutchess county. 

The Rev. James Thompson, Missionary in Greene county. 
The Rev. John V. E. Thome, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 

Queen's county. 
The Rev. Frederick T. Tiffany, Deacon, Missionary at Cooperstown and 

Cherry Valley, Otsego county, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Samuel H. Turner, D. D. Professor of Biblical Learning, and 

the Interpretation of Scripture, in the General Theological Semi 
nary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, New 

York. 
The Rev. George Upfold, M. D. Rector of St. Luke's Church, and officiating 

in Trinity Church, New York. 

The Rev. Frederick Vanhorne, residing at Coldenham, Orange county. 
The Rev. Jonathan M. Wamwright, D. D., Rector of Grace Church, New 

York. 
The Rev. Eli Wheeler, Rector of Christ Church, North Hampstead, Queen's 

county. 
The Rev. Russel Wheeler, Rector of Zion Church, Butternuts, Otsego 

county, and St Andrew's Church, New Berlin, Chenango county. 
The Rev. Phineas L. Whipple, Missionary at Fairfield, Herkimer county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, Westchester, 

Westchester county. 
The Rev. Peter Williams, jun., (a coloured man,) Deacon, Minister of St, 

Philip's Church, New York, the congregation of which ifl composed 

of coloured persons. 



104 APPENDIX. [1823. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Christ Church 
New Brunswick. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, D. D., residing near New Brunswick. 

The Rev. James Chapman, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 

The Rev. John Croes, jun., Rector of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, and 
Christ Church, Middletown. 

The Rev. Robert B. Croes, Deacon. 

The Rev. Jacob M. Douglass. 

The Rev. Clarkson Dunn, Deacon, Minister of Christ Church, Newton, and 
St. James's, Knowlton. 

The Rev. John Grigg, Minister of Christ Chapel, Belleville, and St. Mark's 
Church, Patterson. 

The Rev. William L. Johnson, Deacon, Minister of St. Michael's Church, 
Trenton. 

The Rev. George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Mount 
Holly. 

The Rev. Henry P. Powers, Rector of Trinity Church. Newark. 

The Rev. John C. Rndd, D. D., Rector of St. John's Church, Elizabeth Town. 

The Rev. John M. Ward, Deacon, Minister of St. Peter's Church, Spots- 
wood, and St. Peter's Church, Freehold. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Rector of St. Mary's Church, Bur 
lington. 

PENNSYLVANIA, 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Bishop, senior of the American 
Church, presiding in the House of Bishops, and Rector of Christ 
Church, St Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., seinor Assistant Minister of Christ 
Church, St. Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Benjamin Allen, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Ayres, residing in Brownsville. Fayette county. 

The Rev. John P. Bausman, officiating in Brownsville and Connelsville, 
Fayette county. 

The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, Rector of St Andrew's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Moses P. Bennet, Deacon, officiating in Kittanning and Greens- 
burgh. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. George Boyd, Rector of St. John's Church, Northern Liberties, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, Rector of St. David's Church, Radnor, and 
St. John's, Concord. 

The Rev. Levi Bull, Rector of St. Gabriel's Church, Berk's county, St. 
Mary's, Chester county, and Bangor Church, Churchtown, Lancas 
ter county. 

The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, Associate Rector of St. James's Church, Lan 
caster, and St. John's Church, Pequea, and Rector of Christ Church, 
Leacock . 

The Rev, Jehu C. Ciay, Rector of St. James's, Church, Perkiomen, and St. 
John's, Norristown, Montgomery county. 



1823.] APPENDIX. 105 

The Rev. William H. De Lancy, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 
Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Charles M. Dupuy, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Germantown, 
Philadelphia county. 

The Rev. Richard D. Hall, 

The Rev. Caleb Hopkins, Rector of St. James's Church, Muncey Creek, Ly- 
coming county, and St. Gabriel's Church, Sugar Loaf, Columbia 
county. 

The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Levi S. Ives, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Southwark, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Jaquett, officiating at Bristol, Buck's county. 

The Rev. Jackson Kemper, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 
Peter's and St. James's. Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Edward R. Lippit, Missionary, Hamiltonville.Philadelphia county. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Richard U. Morgan, Deacon, officiating in St. Paul's, Chester, and 
St. Martin's, Marcus Hook, Delaware county. 

The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, Associate Rector of St. James's, Lancas 
ter, and St. John's, Pequea, Lancaster county. 

The Rev. Norman Nash, Deacon, officiating in Hnntingdon county. 

The Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Francis Reno, officiating in Beaver county. 

The Rev. John Rodney, Jun., Rector of Trinity Church, Easton, Northamp 
ton county. 

The Rev. George Sheets, Rector of Trinity Church, Oxford, and All Saints' 
Lower Dublin, Philadelphia county. 

The Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves, Jr., Deacon, officiating in St. Stephen's Church, 
Wilkesbarre, Luzerne county. 

The Rev. Joseph Spencer, Rector of St. John's Church, Carlisle, and Pro 
fessor of Languages in Dickinson College. 

The Rev. John Taylor, residing in Pittsburgh. 

The Rev. Willliam Thompson, Rector of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, Alle- 
gany county. 

The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., Professor of Systematic Divinity in the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, New York. 

The Rev. James Wiltbank, Master of the Grammar School in the Uni 
versity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

DELAWARE.* 

i'he Rev. Robert Clay, Rector of Emmanuel's Church, Newcastle, and St. 
James's Church, Stanton. 

The Rev. Daniel Higbee, Minister of St. Peter's, Lewes ; St. Paul's, George 
town ; Christ, Laurel, and Prince George's, Dagsborough, Sussex 
county. 

The Rev. Ralph Williston, Rector of Trinity Church, Wilmington. 

MARYLAND. 
The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Paul's 

Parish, including Christ Church, Baltimore. 
The Rev. Walter D. Adaison, of St. John's, Georgetown. 

* No list of Clergy has been received from this Diocese. That here published Is taken 
from Sword's Almanac for 1823. 



106 APPENDIX. [1823. 

The Rev. Qrandison Aisquith, St. Paul's Church, Qaeen Anne county. 

The Rev. Ethan Allen, Rector of St. John's Church, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. John Allen, Teacher in Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas G Allen, Prince George's and St. Bartholomew's parish 
es, Montgomery county. 

The Rev. William Armstrong, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Montgomery, 
and Zion Chnrch, Frederick. 

The Rev. Charles C. Austin, St. Thomas parish, Baltimore county. 

The Rev. Benjamin P. Aydelott, M. D., Christ Church Queen Caroline 
county, and Zion Church, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, D. D., Principal of an Academy in Baltimore, 
and Professor of Languages in the University of Maryland. 

The Rev. John V. Bartow, Rector of Trinity Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas Bayne, Rector of St. Peter's, Talbot. 

The Rev. John L. Bryan, St. Marks, Frederick. 

The Rev. Henry L. Davis, D. D. Rector of St. Anne's, Annapolis. 

The Rev. William Duke, St. Mary's Church, Cecil county. 

The Rev. Levin J. Gillis, St. Paul's parish, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. William Hawley, Rector of St. John's Church, City of Wash 
ington. 

The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas Horrell, St. James's parish, Anne-Arundel. 

Tha Rev. William Jackson, Rector of St. Paul's, Chester, Kent county. 

The Rev. John Johns, Minister of All Saints parish, Fredericktown. 

The Rev. Matthew Johnson, Rector of All Saints, Calvert. 

The Rev. Jonathan Judd, Rector of Great Choptank parish, Dorchester 
county. 

The Rev. John R. Keech, Deacon, St. John's, Baltimore, and Christ Church, 
Hartford county. 

The Rev. Joseph Lanston. 

The Rev. George Lemmon, Hagarstown, Washington county. 

The Rev. Charles Mann, Rector of William and Mary parish, Charles county. 

The Rev. Andrew C. M'Cormick, Rector of Christ Church, Washington City. 

The Rev. George M'Elhiney, St. James's Church, Baltimore county. 

The Rev. Charles P. M'llvaine, Rector of Christ Church, Georgetown, Dis 
trict of Columbia. 

The Rev. Richard H. B. Mitchill, King and Queen's parish, St. Mary's 
county. 

The Rev. Henry H. Pfeiffer, Grace Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. William Rafferty, D. D., All-Hallows, Anne-Arundel, and Prin 
cipal of St. John's College, Annapolis. 

The Rev. Thomas Reid. 

The Rev. John Reynolds, Trinity Church, Charles county. 

The Rev. Neale H. Shaw, Rector of King and Queen, and All-Faith, St. 
Mary's. 

The Rev. Purnell F. Smith, Shrewsbury, Kent county. 

The Rev. Frederick Schroeder, St. Michael's, Talbot county. 

The Rev. Daniel Somers, Rector of Trinity Church, Upper Marlborough. 

Th'3 Rev. William M. Stone, Rector of Stepney, Somerset. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Stratton, Coventry, Somerset. 

The Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, Rector of Queen Anne parish, Prince George's 
county. 

The Rev. George Weller, Rector of St. Stephen's, Cecil county. 



1823.] APPENDIX. 107 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D. t Associate Minister of St. Paul's parish, 

Baltimore. 
The Rev. Noble Young, Durham, Charles county. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of 
the Monumental Church, Richmond. 

The Rev. John Armstrong, Wheeling, Ohio county. 

The Rev. Richard H. Barnes, St. Martin's parish, Hanover county. 

The Rev. Hugh C. Boggs, Berkley Parish, Spotsylvania. 

The Rev. Josias Chapman, St. Paul's parish, King George, and Washington 
parish, Westmoreland. 

The Rev. Moses B. Chase, St. George's parish, Accomack county. 

The Rev. William Crawford, Trinity parish, Louisa county. 

The Rev. Joseph Doddridge, M. D. 

The Rev. John Dunn, Shelburn parish, Loudoun county. 

The Rev. Silas B. Freeman. 

The Rev. George Halson, residing near Norfolk. 

The Rev. William H. Hart, Henrico parish, Richmond. 

The Rev. Frederick W. Hatch, Fredericksville parish, Albemarle. 

The Rev. Alexander Jones, Charlestown and Shepardstown, Jefferson co. 

The Rev. Jacob Keeling, Nansemond county. 

The Rev. Ruel Keith, Bruton parish, Williamsburgh. 

The Rev. Edward C M Quire, St. George's Parish, Fredericksburgh. 

The Rev. William Meade, Frederick Parish, Frederick county. 
The Rev. Sylvester Nash, Hampshire county. 

The Rev. Oliver Norris, Christ Church, Alexandria. 

The Rev. Robert Prout, Lynnhaven parish, Princess Anne county. 

The Rev. Charles H. Page, Kanhawa county. 

The Rev. Ira Parker, Suffolk, Nansemond county. 

The Rev. Stephen W. Prestman, Dumfries, Prince William. 

The Rev. John J. Robertson, Frederick parish, and Grace Church, Norborne 
parish, Berkeley. 

The Rev. William Steele, Dettingen and Leed's parishes, Prince William. 
.The Rev. Daniel Stephens, Augusta parish, Staunton. 

The Rev. Andrew Syme, Bristol parish, Dinwiddie. 

The Rev. Amos C. Treadway, Lynchburgh and Bedford county. 

The Rev. William Wickes, Christ Church, Norfolk borough. 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., St. Paul's Church, Alexandria. 

The Rev. Simon Wilmer, Hungars parish, Northampton. 

The Rev. John H. Wingfield, Portsmouth parish, Norfolk county. 

The Rev. John Woodville, St. Mark's Parish, Culpepper. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of 

Church, Raleigh. 

The Rev. John Avery, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Edenton. 
The Rev. Robert Davis, Deacon, Missionary. 

The Rev. Adam Empie, Rector of St. James's Church, Wilmington. 
The Rev. William M. Green, Rector of St. John's Church, Williamsborough, 
The Rev. William Hooper, Rector of St. John's Church, Fayetteville. 
The Rev. Richard S. Mason, Rector of Christ Church, Newbern. 
The Rev. Robert Miller, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Iredell county. 
The Rev. Thomas Wright, Missionary. 



108 APPENDIX. [1823 

SOUTH CAROLINA.* 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Micha 
el's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. David J. Campbell, officiating in St. Stephen's parish. 

The RPV. John W. Chandler, Eector of St. Mark's, Clarendon. 

The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D., Assistant Minister of St. Michael's 
Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. Francis P. De Lavaux, Rector of St. Matthew's parish. 

The Rev. Adolphus Dickinson, Minister of St. Paul's Church, Pendleton. 

The Rev. Patrick H. Folker, Rector of Trinity Church, Columbia. 

The Rev. Andrew Fowler, Missionary at St Augustine, Florida. 

The Rev. Hugh Fraser, residing in All-Saints, Waccamaw. 

The Rev Christopher E. Gadsden, D. D., Rector of St. Philip's Church, 
Charleston 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D., residing in St. George's, Dorchester. 

The Rev. Paul Trapier Gervais, residing in St. John's, Colleton. 

The Rev. Allston Gibbes, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's Church, Charles 
ton. 

The Rev. Henry Gibbes, Deacon,, officiating in All-Saints, Waccamaw. 

The Rev. Joseph M. Gilbert, Rector of the Church on Edisto Island. 

The Rev. Christian Hanckel, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Radcliffborough. 

The Rev. Maurice H. Lance, Rector of Prince George's, Georgetown. 

The Rev. Philip Matthews, Rector of St. Helena Church, St. Helena Island. 

The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., Rocky Mount. 

The Rev. William H. Mitchell, Deacon, Minister of St. James's Church, 
Santee. 

The Rev. Albert A. Muller, Rector of Christ Church parish. 

The Rev. Thomas A. Osborne, Edisto Island. 

The Rev. Milward Pogson, Rector of St. James's Church, Goose-Creek. 

The Rev. Charles B. Snowdon, residing in St. Stephen's. 

The Rev. Robert S. Symmes, Charleston. 

The Rev. John Jacob Tschudy, Rector of St. John's, Berkeley. 

The Rev. Peter Van Pelt, Rector of St. Luke's parish. 

The Rev. William S. Wilson, Deacon, officiating at St. John's, Colleton. 

OHIO* 

The Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D., Bishop. 

The Rev. Philander Chase, Jun., Deacon. 

The Rev. Samuel Johnston, Minister of Christ Church, Cincinnati. 

The Rev. Intrepid Morse, Minister of St. James's Church, Zanesville, and 

St. Paul s, Steubenville. 
The Rev. Roger Searle, Minister of St. Paul's Church, Medina ; St. John's 

Church, Liverpool, and Trinity Church, Brooklyn. 
The Rev. Spencer Wall. 
The Rev. Joseph Willard, residing in Marietta. 

The Rev. Joseph Doddridge, M. D. of Virginia, officiates occasionally in this 
Diocese. 

* No list of Clergy has been received from this Dioc#se. That here published is taken 
from Sword's Almanac for 1823. 



1823.] APPENDIX. 109 

t 

GEORGIA. 

The Rev. Abiel Carter, Rector of Christ Church, Savannah. 
The Rev. Edmund Matthews, Rector of Christ Church, Island of St. Si 
mons. 

The Rev. Hugh Smith, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Augusta. 
The Rev. Samuel Strong, residing in Oglethorpe county. 



CERTIFICATE OF BISHOP RAVENSCROFT'S CONSECRATION. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, William White, D. D., Bishop 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, Presid 
ing Bishop ; Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop 01 the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the Eastern Diocese ; James Kemp, D. D., Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Maryland ; John Croes, 
D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New Jer 
sey ; Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the State of South Carolina ; Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Connecticut ; 
under the protection of Almighty God, in St. Paul's Church, in the city of 
Philadelphia, on Thursday, the twenty-second day of May, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty- three, did then and 
there, rightly and canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, JOHN STARK 
RAVENSCBOFT, Rector of St James's Parish, Mecklenberg county, in the 
State of Virginia, of whose sufficiency in good learning, soundness in the 
faith, and purity of manners, we were fully ascertained, into the office of 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of North Carolina, 
to which he hath been duly elected by the Convention of said State. 

Given in the city of Philadelphia, the twenty-second day of May, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-three. 



WILLIAM WHITE, 
ALEXANDER VIETS GRISWOLD, 
JAMES KEMP, 
JOHN CROES, 
NATHANIEL BOWEN, 
THOMAS CHURCH BROWNELL, 



L. S. 
L. S. 
L. S. 
L. S.) 
L. S. 
L. S 



:i 



In page 54, speaking of the Report of the Committees on the Canons, 
reference is made to Appendix, No. VI. When that reference was insert 
ed, it was intended the Canons should form such Appendix ; but it waa 
afterwards found that the Canons were to be published separate from the 
Journals, which will accordingly be done. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



BISHOPS. CLERGY AND LAITY 



OP THE 



JfroMant dfpferopl Qljiirtl}, 



IS 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



IK A 



GENERAL CONVENTION 



HELD IN 



ST. PETER'S CHURCH, is THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FBOM 
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER TTH, TO WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15iH, 

INCLUSIVE, 

A.D. 1826 

(110) 



1826.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. Ill 



LIST OF THE ATTENDING MEMBERS. 



HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

The Eight Rer. William White, D. D. of Pennsylvania, 
presiding Bishop. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D. of New York. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D. of the 
Eastern Diocese, comprising the states of Maine, New Hamp 
shire, Massachusetts, Vermont and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D. of Maryland. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D. of New Jersey. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D. of South 
Carolina. 

The Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D. of Ohio. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church BrowneU, D. D., LL. D. 
of Connecticut. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., of 
North Carolina. 



HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

CLEEICAL DEPUTIES. 

I VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, The Rev. Benjamin B. Smith. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. Isaac Boyle, The Rev. Theodore Edson. 

The Rev. Benjamin C. Cutler, 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Salmon ,Wheaton, 



112 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 



CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Harry Croswell, The Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton, 

The Rev. Daniel Burhans, The Rev. Reuben Sherwood. 

NEW YORK. 

The Rev. David Butler, The Rev. Benj. T. Onderdonk, D. D., 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D. The Rev. Orin Clark. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton.D. D., The Rev. George Y. Morehouse. 
The Rev. John Croes, Jun., The Rev. Clarkson Dunn. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. Jackson Kemper, The Rev. John C. Clay, 

The Rev. James Montgomery, The Rev. John H. Hopkins. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Daniel Higbee, The Rev. Ralph Williston. 

The Rev. Stephen W. Presstman, 

MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., The Rev. Timothy Clowes, LL. D., 
The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, The Rev. William Jackson. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, 
The Rev. William Meade, The Rev. Frederick W. Hatch. 

, NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. John Avery, The Rev. Richard S. Mason, 

The Rev. William M. Green, The Rev. Henry M. Mason. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, The Rev. William Barlow, 
D. D., The Rev. Jasper Adams. 

GEORGIA. 

The Rev. Abiel Carter. 

OHIO. 

The Rev. Intrepid Morse, The Rev. Samuel Johnston. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

The Rev. Albert A. Muller. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 113 
LAY DEPUTIES. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Stephen Codman, Esq., Edward A. Newton, Esq. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Stephen T. Northam, Esq., Alexander Jones, Esq. 

CONNECTICUT. 

William M'Crackan, William W. Boardman, Esq., 

James M. Goodwin, Ebenezer Jackson, Esq. 

NEW YORK. 

The Hon. James Emott, Stephen Warren, Esq. 

The Hon. Nathan Williams, 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Hon. Daniel Garrison, Joseph Marsh, 

James Parker, Joseph V. Clark, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

William Meredith, Esq., Edward J. Stiles. Esq., 

Horace Binney, Esq., John Read, Esq. 

DELAWARE. 

The Hon. Kensey Johns. 

MARYLAND. 

Francis S. Key, Esq., John B. Eccleston, Esq. 

Tench Tilghman, Esq., 

VIRGINIA. 

Dr. Carter Berkeley, James M. Garnett, 

Philip Nelson, William Mayo. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Walker Anderson, Esq., Josiah Collins, Esq. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Hon. William Drayton. 

GEORGIA. 

The Hon. George Jones. 



114 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 



Clergymen and others who were admitted to the sittings of 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and attended 
the same. 

VERMONT. The Rev. John Bristed. 

MASSACHUSETTS. The Rev. Benj. C. C. Parker. 

RHODE ISLAND. The Rev. Southerland Douglas. 

CONNECTICUT. The Rev. George W. Doane, The Rev. Orson V. Howell, 
The Rev. Henry R. Judah, The Rev. Bethel Judd, The Rev. Edward Rut- 
ledge, The Kev. George Shelton. 

NEW YORK. The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, The 
Rev. Thomas Breintnall, The Rev. William J. Bulkley, The Rev. Edmund D. 
Griffin, The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, The Rev. William Richmond, 
The Rev. John F. Schrceder, The Rev. Addison Searle. 

NEW JERSEY. The Rev. Christian F. Cruse", The Rev. Matthew Mat 
thews, The Rev. Simon Wilmer. 

PENNSYLVANIA. The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., The Rev. Benja 
min P. Aydelott, M. D., The Rev. John P. Bausman, The Rev. Samuel 
Bowman, The Rev. William R. Bowman, The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, The 
Rev. William Bryant, The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, 
The Rev. John Davis, The Rev. Robert Davis, The Rev. William H. De Lan- 
cey, The Rev. Charles M. Dupuy,, The Rev. Enoch Huntington, The Rev. 
Benjamin Hutchins, The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., The Rev. Levi S. 
Ives, The Rev. Joseph Jaquett, The Rev. Wm. C. Mead, The Rev. Richard 
U. Morgan, The Rev. Norman Nash, The Rev. David C. Page, The Rev. 
William H. Rees, The Rev. Greensbury W. Ridgely, .The Rev. George 
Sheets, The Rev. John V. E. Thorn, The Rev. George Weller. 

DELAWARE. The Rev. Henry L. Davis, D. D. 

MARYLAND. The Rev. Ethan Allen, The Rev. William Hawley, The 
Rev. John J. Robertson, The Rev. Stephen H. Tyng. 

VIRGINIA. The Rev. Mark L. Chevers, The Rev. Robert B. Croes, The 
Rev. George A. Smith. 

TRUSTEES OF THE GENERAL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY. The Rev. James 
Milnor, D. D., The Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, M. D., The Rev. J. M. 
Wainwright, D. D., The Rev. William L. Johnson, The Rev. Benjamin 
Allen, The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, The Rev. George Boyd, The Rev. John 
Rodney, Jr., Peter Kean, Esq. 

PROFESSORS OF THE GENERAL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY. The Rev. Sam 
uel H. Turner, D. D., The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D. 

STUDENTS OF THE GENERAL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY. William A. Curtiss, 
Samuel Fuller, Jr., William H. Lewis, Edward W. Peet, Thomas I. Young. 

CANDIDATES FOR HOLY ORDERS. William R. Whittingham, John P. Rob 
inson, George E. Hare, Henry Hood, James 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



of QlFpital anh Eag 



f * PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 7, 1826. 

y I*** being the day and place appointed for the meet- 
* ing of the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 
several Clerical and Lay Deputies attended divine service 
in St. Peter's Church. 

Morning prayer was read by the Eev. Christopher E. 
Gadsden, D. D., of South Carolina, and a sermon preach 
ed by the Eight Eev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of the same 
diocese. The holy Communion was then administered by 
the Eight Eev. the Presiding Bishop, assisted by other 
Bishops present. 

The House then assembled, and the Eev. William H. Wil- 
mer, D. D., was appointed chairman, pro tern., and the 
Eev. James Montgomery, Secretary pro tern. 

The following Clerical and Lay Deputies presented tes 
timonials of their respective appointments, and took their 
Beats : 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

From Massachusetts, the Eev. Isaac Boyle, the Eev. Ben 
jamin C. Cutler, the Eev. Theodore Edson. From Ver 
mont, the Eev. Abraham Bronson, the Eev. Benjamin B. 
Smith. From Ehode Island, the Eev. Salmon Wheaton. 

115 
I 



116 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

From New York, the Rev. David Butler, the Rev. Thomas 
Lyell, D. D., the Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., the 
Rev. Orin Clark. From New Jersey, the Rev. Charles H. 
Wharton, D. D., the Rev. John Croes, Jr., the Rev. Geo. 
Y. Morehouse, the Rev. Clarkson Dunn. From Pennsyl 
vania, the Rev. Jackson Kemper, the Rev. Jehu C. Clay, 
the Rev. James Montgomery, the Rev. John H. Hopkins. 
From Delaware, the Rev. Daniel Higbee, the Rev. Stephen 
W. Presstman, the Rev. Ralph Williston. From Mary 
land, the Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., the Rev. John P. 
K. Henshaw, the Rev. Timothy Clowes, LL. D. From 
Virginia, the Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., the Rev. 
William Meade, the Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, the Rev. 
Frederick W. Hatch. From North Carolina, the Rev. 
Henry M. Mason, the Rev. William M. Green, the Rev. 
Richard S. Mason, the Rev. John Avery. From South 
Carolina, the Rev. Jasper Adams, the Rev. Christopher 
E. Gadsden, D. D., ( the Rev. William Barlow. From 
Georgia, the Rev. Abiel Carter. From Ohio, the Rev. 
Samuel Johnston, the Rev. Intrepid Morse. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

From Massachusetts, Edward A. Newton, Esq., Stephen 
Codman, Esq. From Rhode Island, Stephen T. Northam, 
Esq., Alexander Jones, Esq. From New York, the Hon. 
James Emott, the Hon. Nathan Williams, Stephen War 
ren, Esq. From New Jersey, James Parker, Joseph Marsh, 
Joseph V. Clark. From Pennsylvania, William Meredith, 
Esq., John Read, Esq., Edward J. Styles, Esq. From Ma 
ryland, Francis S. Key, Esq. From Virginia, Dr. Carter 
Berkeley, Philip Nelson, James M. Garnett, William Mayo. 
From North Carolina, Walker Anderson, Esq. From 
South Carolina, the Hon. William Dray ton. From Georgia, 
the Hon. George Jones. 

The House then proceeded to the election, by ballot, of 
a President and Secretary. 

The Rev. William H. Wilrner, D. D., was chosen Presi 
dent, and the Benjamin T. Onderdonk, ,D. D., Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Secretary be authorized 
to appoint a gentleman, not a member of the House, as As 
sistant Secretary. 

The Rev. George Weller was appointed accordingly. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 117 

Resolved, that a committee of two be appointed to in 
form the House of Bishops, that this House is organized, 
and ready to proceed to business. 

The Rev. Dr. Wyatt and Mr. Meredith were appointed. 

The House of Bishops informed this House, that they 
also, having elected the Rev. William H. De Lancey, of 
Pennsylvania, their Secretary, were organized, and ready to 
proceed to business. 

On motion, Rosolved, that Clergymen of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, Trustees, Professors and Students of the 
General Theological Seminary, and other Students of The- 
logy, and Candidates for Holy Orders, in this Church, who 
may be in the city of Philadelphia during the meeting of 
this Convention, and are not members thereof, be admitted 
to the sittings of this House. 

Certain documents relating to the organization of the dio 
cese of Mississippi were laid before the House. 

Whereupon, on motion, Resolved, that a committee of 
two clergymen and two laymen be appointed to consider the 
said documents, and such similar ones as may be presented, 
and report thereon to this House. 

The Rev. Mr. Montgomery, the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, Mr. 
Newton and Mr. Northam, were appointed. 

On motion, Resolved, that the thanks of this House be 
presented to the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, for his sermon 
preached this day, at the opening of the Convention, and 
that he be requested to furnish a copy for publication. 

Resolved, that a committee of two be appointed to pre 
sent the above resolution to Bishop Bowen ; and, should he 
accede to the request therein contained, to have the sermon 
printed forthwith. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton and the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk were 
appointed. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Delegates from the sever 
al dioceses represented in this Convention shall be called on 
to-morrow to state to this House what documents they have 
to present to the House, agreeably to the 45th Canon of 
1808, and to lay the same on the Secretary's table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing that the said House would attend morning prayer with 
the House of Clerical and ,Lay Deputies, every morning 
during the session of the Convention ; and that they had 



118 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

adjourned until half past nine o'clock, to-morrow morning. 

Resolved, that a committee of three be appointed to 
examine the Journal of the last Convention, and to report 
the unfinished business, if any. 

Col. Drayton, Mr. Codman and Mr. Parker were ap 
pointed. 

Resolved, that a committee be appointed to report rules 
of order for the government of this House. 

The Rev. Dr. Clowes and Judge Emott. were appointed. 

On motion. Resolved, that the President appoint three 
Standing Committees, viz. one on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society ; one on the General Theological Sem 
inary ; and one on proposed Canons. 

Resolved, that the two pews on the right of the chair 
be appropriated to the use of the Bishops, when they may 
wish to attend the sittings of this House. 

Resolved, that a list of the members of this House be 
printed. 

The House adjourned until to-morrow morning, at half 
past nine o'clock. 



WEDNESDAY, Nov. 8. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. William H. De 
Lancey, Secretary of the House of Bishops. 

The following Clerical and Lay Deputies, having present 
ed credentials of their respective appointments, appeared 
and took their seats. 

From Connecticut, the Rev. Harry Croswell, the Rev. 
Daniel Burhans, the Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton, the Rev. 
Reuben Sherwood, William M'Cracken, James M. Goodwin. 
From New Jersey, the Hon. Daniel Garrison. From Dela 
ware, the Hon.' Kensey Johns. From Maryland, the Rev. 
William Jackson, Tench Tilghman, Esq., John B. Eccles- 
ton, Esq. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

An Address to the House was then delivered by the Pres 
ident. Whereupon it was, on motion, 

Resolved, that the thanks of this House be presented to 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 119 

the President for his Address, and that he be requested to 
furnish a copy of it for insertion in the Journal. It was as 
follows : 

" In commencing the business of the Convention, I beg 
leave to offer to you, my respected brethren, a few observa 
tions. I deem it proper, in the first place, to tender to you 
my acknowledgements for the renewed evidence of your 
good will afforded by my re-election as President of this hon 
orable body. Permit me, also, to congratulate you on the 
favorable circumstances under which we are now assembled. 
The present number of our body, exceeding, perhaps, that 
of any preceding Convention, affords pleasing proof of 
the extending limits of our Zion, and of the increasing in 
terest taken by her members in her concerns. The young 
scion, which was transplanted from the parent stem into 
this Western wilderness, has taken deep root ; it is extend 
ing its branches over the land, and beginning to spread its 
leaves for the healing of the nations. Our ecclesiastical 
system, in the test which it has given by experiment, has 
more than realized the expectation of its friends. By its 
nice adjustment of the balance of liberty and power, and 
the wise distribution of both among the respective orders, 
it has accommodated itself, with happy effect, to the genius 
of our civil institutions, and the habits of a free people; at 
the same time that it has preserved, in their unbroken integ 
rity, those great principles which are unchangeable, because 
of Divine origin ; and, in all respects, has proved its high 
adaptation to the purposes of unity and peace, and to all 
the great ends of its institution. 

" Among the many causes of congratulation which pre 
sent themselves, we may reckon not as the least, the harmo 
ny which has hitherto attended the deliberations of our 
General Councils. Amidst great diversity of sentiment on 
important and delicate topics, the unity of the Church has 
still been preserved in the bond of peace. Whilst we felici 
tate ourselves on this retrospect, as the pledge and earnest 
of the future, let us offer our prayers and efforts, that peace 
may still dwell within our walls. Difference of opinion, un 
avoidably incident to human nature, arising from education, 
association, prejudice and various uncontrolable circum 
stances, must be expected to keep pace with the increase of 



120 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

our numbers, and to bring, incorporated with them, elements 
frought with danger to the best interests of the Church. It 
is the prerogative of Christian charity, guided by the wis 
dom that is pure, and peaceable, and easily entreated, to 
leaven this lump, and to transmute these elements, which, 
otherwise, by coining in contact with their kindred affini 
ties, would put on the forms of combustion, into sound and 
wholesome agencies for the general good. Upon us, the 
members of this General Convention, standing upon a high 
eminence before the Church and before the world, does it 
especially devolve, to set an example of Christian politeness 
and charity ; bearing in mind the sentiment of one of our 
most illustrious of human oracles, that " the time will come 
when three words spoken with meekness of spirit, will meet 
with a fur more blessed reward than three thousand volumes 
written with disdainful sharpness of wit/' In endeavoring 
to fulfil the part assigned me in the duties before us, I shall 
rely upon your aid and advice in all matters of difficulty 
that may arise ; appealing to you, also, with confidence for 
your co-operation in maintaining the rules of order and de 
corum, as necessary to the dispatch of business, to the dig 
nity of our body, and the honour of religion. And may 
He, from whom all good counsels and all just works do pro 
ceed, direct and prosper all our consultations to the advance 
ment of His glory, the good of His Church, and the salva 
tion of those for whom we are put in trust !" 

The Committee appointed yesterday to report rules of 
order, reported in favor of adopting those established by this 
House in 1820. 

Resolved, that the said rules be adopted, and be entered 
on the Journal. They are as follows : 

1. The Morning Service of the Church shall be performed 
every day during the session of the Convention. 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, except to 
address the chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service of the 
House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak or deliver any 
matter to the House, he shall, with due respect, address 



[1826. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 121 

himself to the President, confining himself strictly to the 
point in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate, without leave of the House. 

6. While the President is putting any question, the mem 
bers shall continue in their seats, and shall not hold any 
private discourse. 

7. Every member who shall be in the House when any 
question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless he 
be personally interested in the discussion. 

8. No motion shall be considered as before the House un 
less seconded, and, when required, reduced to writing. 

9. When a motion is under consideration, no other mo 
tion shall be made, except to amend, to divide, to commit, 
or postpone it ; but a motion to adjourn shall always be 
in order, and shall be decided without debate. A question 
on amendment shall be decided before the original motion. 

10. All Committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered. 

11. When the House is about to rise, every member shall 
keep his seat until the President leaves his chair. 

The Committee on unfinished business made the follow 
ing report : 

The Committee appointed to report upon the unfinished 
business of the last General Convention, report, that they 
have examined the Journal of the last Convention, and that 
the only business unfinished during its session, was the res 
olution on the subject of establishing a College to be under 
the superintendence of the General Convention. 

The above report was ordered to lie on the table. 

The Committee appointed yesterday to return the thanks 
of this House to the Eight Kev. Bishop Bowen, for his 
sermon preached at the opening of the Convention, and re 
quest a copy of the same for publication, reported, that 
thay had performed that duty, and that the Bishop had 
consented to give a copy for the press. 

The following resolution was then passed : 

Resolved, by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, that a joint Committee be 
appointed, to whom there may be communicated all errors, 
if any, in the editions of the Bible printed ander the opera- 



122 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1826.] 

tion of the second Canon of 1823, which errors shall be no 
tified on the Journal of the Convention to which they may, 
at any time, be presented by said Committee. 

Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the Delegates 
from the several dioceses were culled on to state what doc 
uments they have to present to this House, agreeably to the 
45th Canon of the General Convention of 1808, and to lay 
the same on the Secretary's table. 

The following documents j^ere reported accordingly, and 
laid upon the table : 

From New Hampshire, a written abstract of the Proceed 
ings of Conventions, from 1820 to 1826, inclusive. 

Vermont, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1822 to 
1826, inclusive. 

Connecticut, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1822 
to 1826, inclusive. 

New York, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 
to 1826, inclusive ; and a Charge to the Clergy by the 
Bishop. 

New Jersey, Printed Journals of Conventions from 1823 
to 1826, inclusive. 

Pennsylvania, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 
to 1826, inclusive ; and a Charge from the Bishop to the 
Clergy. 

Delaware, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 
to 1826, inclusive. 

Maryland, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 
to 1826, inclusive. 

Virginia, Printed Journals of Conventions, for 1824, 1825 
and 1826. 

North Carolina, Printed Journals of Conventions, for 
1824, 1825 and 1826. 

South Carolina, Printed Journals of Conventions, for 
1824, 1825 and 1826 ; and a Pastoral Letter from the 
Bishop. 

Georgia, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 to 
1826, inclusive. 

Ohio, Printed Journals of Conventions, from 1823 to 1826, 
inclusive. 

On motion, Resolved, that a Committee of one Dele 
gate from each diocese be appointed to draw up a view of 



[1826. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 123 

the state of the Church, in compliance with the 45th Canon 
of 1808. 

The following gentlemen were appointed that Committee : 

Of Massachusetts, the Rev. Mr. Cutler. 

Of Vermont, the Rev. Mr. Bronson. 

Of Rhode Island, the Rev. Mr. S. Wheaton. 

Of Connecticut, the Rev. Mr. Burhans. 

Of New York, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk. 

Of New Jersey, the RHV. Dr. Wharton. 

Of Pennsylvania, the Rev. Mr. Montgomery. 

Of Delaware, the Rev. Mr. Higbee. 

Of Maryland, the Rev. Dr. Wyatt. 

Of Virginia, the Rev. Mr. Hatch. 

Of North Carolina, the Rev. Mr. R. S. Mason. 

Of South Carolina, the Rev. Mr. Barlow. 

Of Georgia, the Rev. Mr. Carter. 

Of Ohio, the Rev. Mr. Morse. 

The President announced the following Standing Com 
mittees, agreeably to a resolution of yesterday : 

On the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, the 
Rev. Mr. Croswell, the Rev. Mr. Smith, the Rev. Mr. 
Henshaw. 

On the General Theological Seminary, the Rev. Dr. Gads- 
den, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, Mr. Binney. 

On proposed Canons, the Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. Mr. 
M'Guire, Mr. Meredith. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Committee on the State 
of the Church be requested to ascertain, as nearly as they 
can, the number of candidates for the Ministry in the sev 
eral Dioceses, and embody the result in their report. 

On motion, Resolved, that be a Committee to 

take into consideration the expediency of forming an Amer 
ican Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge ; and the 
measures, if any, which it may be proper for this Conven 
tion to adopt for that purpose. 

On motion, it was then Resolved,that the above reso 
lution be reconsidered. 

The resolution was then, by a vote of the House, ordered 
to lie upon the table. 

The House adjourned until to-morrow, at half past nine 
o'clock, A. M. 



124 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

THURSDAY, Nov. 9. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. David Butler, of 
New York. 

William W. Boardman, Esq., of Connecticut, having 
produced a testimonial of his appointment as a Lay Dele 
gate, appeared and took his seat. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

A communication was received from the House of Bish 
ops, transmitting to this House the report of the Trustees 
of the General Theological Seminary. 

On motion, the reading of the said report was dispensed 
with, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on the 
Seminary. 

On motion, Resolved, that the Delegates from each Di 
ocese shall be, to-morrow, called on to lay before this House 
the certificate required by a resolution of the last General 
Convention, " stating the exact number of Clergymen in the 
Diocese, and the amount of funds paid, or secured to be 
p;iid therein," to the General Theological Seminary ; and 
also the nomination by the Diocese, of a Trustee or Trus 
tees of the said Seminary. 

The Committee, to whom were referred the documents 
from the Church in the State of Mississippi, made the fol 
lowing report : 

The Committee appointed to consider the application of 
the Church in Mississippi to be admitted into union with 
the Convention, beg leave to report : 

That they have duly considered the same, and found it to 
be agreeable to precedent ; and that it appears that the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Mississippi ac 
cedes to, and adopts, as its rules and form of Church govern 
ment, the Constitution and Canons of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States. The Committee 
submit the following resolution : 

Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, that 
the Church in the State of Mississippi be received into union 
with the General Convention. 

JAMES MONTGOMERY, 

PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 9, 1826. Chairman of Committee. 



[1826. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 125 

The above report was accepted by the House, and the 
resolution therein proposed passed, and sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

On motion, Kesolved, that the Secretary call, to-mor 
row morning, upon the delegation from each Diocese, for 
the quota required by a resolution of the last Convention, 
towards the expenses of the Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing that they had concurred in the resolution passed by this 
House yesterday, relative to the appointment of a joint Com 
mittee to which errors in editions of the Bible printed under 
the operation of the second Canon of 1823 may be report 
ed ; and had appointed the Right Rev. Bishops White and 
Croes members of the said Committee. 

On motion, Resolved, that three members of this House 
be appointed on the same Committee. 

, On motion, Resolved, that at every future General Con 
vention, a copy of the Constitution and Canons, and a copy 
of the Journal of the next preceding General Convention, 
be provided by the Secretary of this House, and presented 
to the delegation from each Diocese for their use. 

On motion, Resolved, that the next meeting of the Gen 
eral Convention be held on the first Wednesday in October, 
1829, at half past ten o'clock, A. M. 

It was then moved and carried, that the above resolution 
be reconsidered. 

The resolution was then ordered to lie on the table. 

An account current of the Secretary of this House in the 
last Convention, respecting receipts and expenditures in be 
half of the Convention, and an account against the Conven 
tion for printing, &c., were then presented, and referred to 
a Committee consisting of Mr. Meredith and the Rev. Dr. 
Onderdonk. 

The House adjourned until to-morrow at half past nine 
o'clock, A. M. 



FRIDAY, Nov. 10. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 
Morning prayer was read by the Rev. John P. K. Hen- 
shaw, of Maryland. 

Ebenezer Jackson, Esq., of Connecticut, and Josiah Col- 



126 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

lins, Esq. of North Carolina, having produced testimonials 
of their respective appointments, took their seats in the 
House as Lay Delegates. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The Secretary reported that, agreeably to a resolution of 
the House at the last Convention, the then Secretary, the 
Rev. Dr. Eudd, had procured a Record Book, and written 
therein the minutes of the proceedings of this House in the 
said Convention. Which book was laid upon the table. 

The Standing Committee on the General Theological 
Seminary, to whom had been referred the Report of the 
Trustees of the said Seminary, made the following report : 

The Committee on the Theological Seminary would re 
spectfully state to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
that on looking into the report of the Trustees, they find 
several particulars which render an union of views important 
between this House and that of the Bishops ; and they 
therefore request that they may be discharged from the far 
ther consideration of the same ; and that, if the House of 
Bishops concur, it be referred to a joint committee of 
both Houses. 

The above report was accepted, and the reference therein 
requested agreed to. 

The committee to whom were yesterday referred the ac 
count current of the Secretary of the House at the last Con 
vention, and an account against the Convention, made a re 
port, which, on motion, was re-committed to the same Com 
mittee. 

Agreeably to a resolution of yesterday, the Delegates from 
the several Dioceses were called on for the quota of the said 
Dioceses, respectively, for defraying the expenses of the 
Convention. 

The resolution respecting the time of the meeting of the 
next Convention was then called up. 

Two several resolutions were offered ; the first fixing on 
the first Wednesday in November, and the second on the 
third Wednesday in October ; and lost. 

The second Wednesday in October was then proposed. 

A resolution was introduced to refer the subject to a com 
mittee consisting of one Layman from each Diocese repre 
sented in this Convention ; and lost. 



182G.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 127 

The second Wednesday in October, 1829, at half past 
ten o clock, A. M., was then fixed as the time of meeting of 
the next Convention, if the House of Bishops should con 
cur therein. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence in the resolution admitting the 
Diocese of Mississippi into union with this Convention. 

Whereupon, the Kev. Albert A. Muller, having produced 
a testimonial of his appointment as a Clerical Deputy from 
the said Diocese, took his seat in the House, and was added 
to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

The Journal of the first Convention of the Diocese of 
Mississippi was added to the documents presented to this 
House, agreeably to the 45th Canon of 1808. 

The resolution on the subject of an American Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge was then called up and 
passed. 

The following gentlemen were appinted the Committee : 

The Kev. Mr. Barlow, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. 
Mr. Clark, the Rev. Mr. R. S. Mason, Col. Dayton, Judge 
Williams and Mr. Binney. 

The Delegates from the several Dioceses were then called, 
on, agreeably to a resolution of yesterday, for the certificates 
of the number of Clergy, and of the contributions to the 
General Theological Seminary, in their Dioceses respectively ; 
and for the nomination of Trustees of the said Seminary : 
and the said certificates and nominations were severally read. 

The following resolution was offered : 

Resolved, that it is the opinion of the General Conven 
tion that no Diocese is entitled to nominate Trustees of the 
General Theological Seminary, on account of moneys sub 
scribed but not paid. 

This resolution, together with the above mentioned cer 
tificates and nominations, was referred to the Committee on 
the General Theological Seminary. 

The President announced the appointment of the follow 
ing gentlemen as members of the joint Committee on the 
subject of errors in editions of the Holy Bible : The Rev. 
Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, and the Rev. Mr. 
Kemper. 

On motion, Resolved, that the President of this House 
be added to the above Committee. 



128 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

The Committee, therefore, on the part of this Honse, con 
sists of 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., Williamsbnrg, Vir 
ginia. The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Burlington, 
New Jersey. The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., 
New- York. The Rev. Jackson Kemper, Philadelphia. 

The following was then moved and passed : 

In order to a more general and better understanding of 
the progress and condition of the Church, it is recommended 
to the several Diocesan Conventions, which publish their 
proceedings, to direct their Secretaries to transmit annually 
to each of the Bishops, and to the Secretary of every Con 
vention, a copy of their respective Journals. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their concurrence in the resolution for referring the re 
port of the Trustees of the Theological Seminary to a joint 
Committee, and that they had appointed the Right Rev. 
Bishops Hobart, Kemp and Croes, on that Committee. 

The Standing Committee on the Seminary was then ap 
pointed by the Chair on the same Committee on the part of 
this House. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops com 
municating two Canons, one entitled, " Relative to the ad 
mission and conduct of Candidates for Orders ;" and the oth 
er, " Regulating the admission of persons as Candidates for 
Holy Orders, and the time in which they are to continue 
Candidates before their ordination." 

The above message was referred to the Committee on, 
proposed Canons and ordered to be printed. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session, was, on 
application, granted to the Rev. Mr. Higbee. 

The House adjourned until half past nine o'clock to 
morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, Nov. 11. 

The House met according to adjournment. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Ralph Williston, of 
Delaware. 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read and 
approved. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 129 

Leave of absence, for the remainder of the session, was 
granted to Mr. M'Cracken ; and for to-day, to the Eev. Mr. 
Williston. 

The Committee on accounts again submitted the report 
made by them yesterday, and recommitted, and also an ad 
ditional report as follows : 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the 
account current of the late Secretary of this House, and the 
account for printing the Journal of the last Convention, &c. 
respectfully report : 

That the expenses incurred under the directions of the 
Convention of 1823, were, 

For printing Bishop Croe's Sermon, - $21.93 

Pastoral Letter, - - 28.50 

Journal, 241.00 

Interest on balance due Messrs. Swords, - 28.02 

Cost of a Book of Eecords, - - 7.50 

$326.95 
Of which there have been paid to Messrs. 

Swords on account, $131.25 

For Book, - - 7.50 

138.75 

Balance remaining due, $188.20 
The receipts of the late Secretary, the Kev. Dr. Eudd, are, 
From Church of Connecticut, $33.00 

New Jersey, 9.75 

Pennsylvania, - 27.75 

Georgia, - 3.00 

$73.50 

New York paid Messrs. Swords, 70.50 

Total, "$14400 

Of which amount Dr. Eudd has forwarded by the present 
Secretary, the balance in his hands, viz., $5.25. 
The Committee on accounts 'respectfully report, 
That as appears by their former report, there is wanting 
for the purpose of satisfying the balance of expenses incurred 
by the order of the Convention of 1823, a sum of $188.20. 

From an examination of the resolution of that Convention 
on the subject of contingent expenses, it is found to be in 
words prospective, and hence the State Conventions have 



130 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

literally complied with it, by forwarding to the Secretary of 
this House, their respective assessments for this Convention. 
But, unless it could be supposed, that it was not intended to 
make provision at all for expenses then incurred or autho 
rized, we must consider it as contemplating the creation of 
a fund to meet them also. Yet, if the money now forwarded 
be so applied, it is probable that there will not remain an 
excess sufficient to cover the expenditures already incurred, 
or which may be authorized, at this meeting. Under this 
view of the case, some of the State Conventions have 
given a different construction to the resolution, having for 
warded their assessments, as well for the Convention of 
1823, as for the present. And the Committee perceive no 
other mode of keeping the body free of debt, than by the 
adoption of some measure conforming to this construction. 

They therefore submit the following resolution : 

Kesolved, that the several State or Diocesan Conven 
tions, or the Deputies representing them, be requested, if it 
be not already done, to forward, or pay to the Secretary of 
this House, their respective assessments, for the purpose of 
defraying contingent expenses, agreeably to the resolution of 
1823, as well for the Convention of that year as of the 
present. 

On motion, the above report was accepted, and the reso 
lution therein contained adopted. 

The Committee appointed pursuant to the resolution con 
cerning the formation of an American Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge, made the following report : 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the 
expediency of forming an American Society for Promoting 
Christian Knowledge, and the measures which it may be 
proper for this Convention to adopt for that purpose, re 
spectfully report, 

That they do fully approve of the formation of such a 
Society, upon a plan submitted to them by their Chairman, 
the Rev. Mr Barlow. They are of opinion that the princi 
ples of the plan duly administered and carried into effect, 
would, in the most effectual manner, promote the interests 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and the cause of Chris 
tianity throughout the union. But, they are also of opinion, 
that it is not expedient or necessary to its accomplishment 
that it should be acted upon by the Convention, otherwise 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTIOBT. 131 

than in tlie expression of their approbation of it. The 
Committee therefore, submit the following resolution : 

Resolved, that this Convention view with great interest, 
all efforts which are made for the pious and benevolent, ob 
jects of the proposed American Society fur Promoting Chris 
tian Knowledge that they approve the scheme of such 
Society, which has been presented for their consideration, 
and deem it worthy the favouarble regard and patronage of 
all the friends of the Church. 

It was then moved that the consideration of the subject of 
the above report 4)e indefinitely postponed. The motion 
was lost. 

The following resolution was then introduced as an amend 
ment to that proposed by the Committee : 

Resolved, as the opinion of this House, that without 
entering at all into the merits of the plan noticed in the re 
port of the Committee, it is inexpedient to legislate upon 
the subject. 

A resolution was then introduced, to recommit the subject 
to the former Committee; and lost. 

The above amendment of the resolution introdnced by 
the Committee was then carried. 

Leave of absence, for the remainder of the day, was, on 
application, granted to the Rev. Mr. Jackson. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops pro 
posing certain alterations respecting the reading of the 
Psalter and the Lessons ; certain additions to the Office of 
Confirmation ; and a change in the rubric at the end of the 
Communion Office. 

Resolved, that the above message lie on the table, and be 
printed. 

Leave of absence, for the remainder of the session, was 
granted Mr. Parker and Mr. Marsh. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
accompanying the Second Triennial Report of the Domestic 
and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States. 

On motion, Resolved, that the said report be referred to 
the Committee on the Missionary Society. 

The House adjourned until Moiiday next, at half past nine 
o'clock, A. M. 



132 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

MONDAY, Nov. 13. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Samuel Johnston, 
of Ohio. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session, was, 
in consequence of his indisposition, asked for Mr. Garrison, 
and granted. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session, after 
to-day was gran led to Mr. Goodwin. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a Canon which had passed that House, entitled, 
" A Canon for the determining of the Rights and Duties of 
the Presbyters and the Deacons of this Church, in respect to 
residence and accountability." 

The said Canon was referred to the Committee on Canons, 
and ordered to be printed. 

The Committee on the subject of the Psalms aud Hymns 
in metre, appointed by the last Convention, made a report ; 
which was ordered to be laid on the table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a report of the joint Committee of Publication 
appointed by the last Convention ; which report had been 
accepted by that House. 

This House concurred with the House of Bishops in 
accepting the said report. 

The Committee on Canons reported in favour of passing 
the Canon entitled, A Canon " Relative to the admission and 
conduct of Candidates for Orders." 

Several amendments to the said Canon were proposed ; 
when, on motion, it was Resolved, that the Canon, together 
with the proposed amendments, be recommitted to the same 
Committee. 

The same Committee reported in favor of passing the 
Canon entitled, a Canon " Regulating the Admission of Per 
sons as Candidates for Orders, and the time in which they are 
to continue Candidates before their Ordination.'' 

The said Canon was then passed by this House ; and in 
formation to that effect sent to the House of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their non-concurrence in the resolution of this 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 133 

House fixing the second Wednesday in October, 1829, as 
the time for the next meeting of the Convention ; and pro 
posing the first Wednesday in August instead thereof. 

On motion, Resolved, that a conference on the subject be 
requested with the House of Bishops. 

The Rev. Mr. Avery, Mr. Garnet t, and Mr. Tilghman, 
were appointed to manage the conference on the part of this 
House. 

Resolved, that the members of this said Committee of 
conference on the part of this House, be also authorized to 
take into consideration the subject of the place of the meet 
ing of the next Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops con 
taining sundry resolutions p.-issed by them relative to the 
report of the Committee on the Psalms and Hymns in metre. 

The House adjourned until to-rnorrow at half past nine 
o'clock A. M. 



TUESDAY, Nov. 14. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, 

f T7 

oi Vermont. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The Committee on the State of the Church submitted a 
report, which was adopted by the House, and sent to the 
House of Bishops, agreeably to the 45th Canon of 1808. It 
is as follows : 

REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance 
with the 45th Canon of 1808, respectfully /send to the House 
of Bishops, the following view of the State of the Church, 
compiled from documents supplied by Delegates from the 
Dioceses respectively represented in this Convention. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

As there is no Delegate in this Convention from New- 
Hampshire, the report respecting the Church in that State, 



134 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONTENTION. [1826. 

must, of necessity, be very imperfect. It appears that there 
are seven parishes, six clergymen, and about 320 communi 
cants. About 100 baptisms, and as many confirmations, are 
reported within the three years. On the whole, the Church 
appears to be in a course of moderate prosperity. 

MAINE. 

No communication respecting the state of the Church in 
Maine has been received at this Convention. It appears, 
however, from indirect information, that the situation of the 
parishes remains much the same as for some years past. 

VERMONT. 

The situation and prospects of the Church have materially 
improved since the last General Convention. At that time 
there were no more than six clergymen in the State. But, 
though two have removed, yet the number has increased to 
eleven, viz., six Presbyters and five Deacons. One of these 
Presbyters and three of the Deacons have, within the three 
years, been presented for orders by the Committee, of this 
State ; the remaining additions are from abroad. There is 
but one candidate for the ministry now belonging to this 
state. Six new parishes have been organized, making now 
24 in the whole. The number of baptisms which have been 
reported, is something more than 200 ; the number of com 
municants at this time about 750 above 200 more th;in 
were presented at the last report on the state of the church. 
Sunday schools have been established in most of the parishes 
that are supplied with regular ministrations ; but the paro 
chial reports have been so imperfect on this head, that the 
number of scholars cannot be ascertained. Three new 
churches have been consecrated, and another is in the course 
of being built. 

The missionary Society in this state has been considerably 
useful in promoting the welfare of the vacant parishes, and 
its fund shave, in the present year, been materially increased, 
us well as Gospel doctrine and religious intelligence diffused 
by the establishment of a periodical publication, the profits 
of which are devoted to missionary objects. The substantial 
doctrines of the Gospel, and a due regard to the order and 
worship of the Church, are enforced in the parishes gene 
rally; and such care is used in the examination of candidates 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 135 

for communion, that it is believed few are admitted to that 
holy ordinance without a spiritual renovation of heart. 

A portion of the lands in this State, belonging to the 
Society for Propagating the Gospel, have been recovered, 
and applied to the use of the Church ; but in the further, 
prosecution of the business, some new difficulties have 
arisen, which it is feared, will retard the recovery of the 
remaining property for some time to come. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Since the last General Convention, the Church in this 
State has continued to flourish, but not without some adverse 
circumstances. 

St. Paul's Church, in Boston, has been involved in great 
difficulties ; but, by a kind Providence, and by the exertion 
of its members and friends, it has been restored to peace and 
prosperity beyond expectation. The Rev. Alonzo Potter, 
from the Diocese of New- York, has been instituted Rector of 
this Church, and has commenced his labours under the most 
favourable circumstances. 

The Church at Cambridge, which, owing to its dilapidated 
state, was for some time closed, has been thoroughly repair 
ed, and was re-opened for divine service in July last. The 
Rev. Professor Otis, of Harvard University, about the same 
time, received Priest's orders, with a view to the care of that 
Church. Episcopalians who send their sons to this Univer 
sity, may now be assured, by the blessing of God, of unin 
terrupted services in this Church. 

The Missionary Society in this State, which for many 
years, had but a nominal existence, has, since the last Gen 
eral Convention, become effective and useful. Ten of the 
clergy of this State have performed missionary duty under the 
direction and patronage of this society. By their labours two 
new churches have been formed ; three expiring churches 
have been revived ; and in two other towns, our liturgy 
is regularly performed, with the prospect of establishing 
churches in one place immediately, and in the other at no 
very distant period. Three new churches have been form 
ed ; one in each of the following places : Leicester, Lowell, 
and Northampton. Four new houses for public worship 
have been erected and two of them consecrated, viz., those 
at Leicester and Lowell. 



136 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

There are now in this State 25 churches and congrega 
tions many of them small ; eighteen clergymen with cures, 
and seven without cures, making 25 ; and 1300 communi 
cants. Since the last General Convention, there have been 
reported 722 baptisms, and 197 confirmations ; six persons 
have been admitted to the order of deacons, and nine have 
been advanced to the order of priests. The Church in this 
State appears to be increasing, and its importance to the 
interests of pure and undefiled religion is more than ever be 
fore felt and acknowledged. 

RHODE ISLAND. 



It does not appear that any material alteration has taken 
place in the condition of the Church in this State since the 
last General Convention. Through the blessing of Divine 
Providence, the four principal congregations continue to 
prosper and increase. Some additions have been made to 
the holy communion, though not as many as at a former pe 
riod. In the Narragansett country, the Church is still in a 
state of depression. Little success has as yet attended the 
exertions of the Church Missionary Society, to promote the 
cause of piety, and extend the influence of our holy religion. 
Divine service has been discontinued at South Kingston 
and at East Greenwich ; but in the village of Wickford, there 
are indications of a growing interest in the welfare of our 
Zion. Sunday schools are in successful operation in all the 
churches. At the last Convention, measures were taken to 
commence a fund for the support of the Bishop. An interest 
has lately been excited in favour of the Society for Domestic 
and Foreign Missions ; and societies auxiliary to that ex 
cellent institution, have been established in several of the 
parishes. 

CONNECTICUT. 

In the following statement relative to the Church in Con 
necticut, no notice is taken of occurrences subsequent to the 
Diocesan Convention, held in June last. Since the Trien 
nial Convention of 1823, the following churches have been 
consecrated : St. Andrew's, Northford ; St. Andrew's, New- 
Preston ; and St. John's Church, Salisbury. The number 
of parishes in the Diocese is 74. The aggregate of contirma- 



[1826. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 137 

tions is 1156 ; and the number of communicants reported 
to the last Convention is 4233. 

The present number of clergy is 53, exclusive of the Dio 
cesan. The Rev. Jasper D. Jones, the Rev. Joseph D. Wei- 
ton, and the Rev. Philo Shelton, have been removed by 
death. The Rev. Charles Smith, and the Rev. Enoch Hunt- 
ington have removed to Pennsylvania ; the Rev. William J. 
Bulkley, the Rev. Charles J. Todd, and the Rev. Beardsley 
Northrup, to the Diocese of New York ; and the Rev. John 
W. Cloud to Mississippi. The following clergymen have 
been received into the Diocese : The Rev. George W. Doane, 
a Professor in Washington College, from New York ; the 
Rev. Edward Rutledge, from South Carolina ; the Rev. 
Ezra B. Kellogg, from Ohio ; and the Rev. William T. Pot 
ter, from the Eastern Diocese. 

The following persons have been ordained Deacons : Lem 
uel B. Hull, William Jarvis. John M. Garfield, Ransom 
Warner, William Shelton, Edward J. Ives, Charles J. Todd, 
Enoch Huntington, Ashbel Steele, Joseph T. Clark, John 
W. Cloud, Eleazer M. P. Wells, Hector Humphreys, and 
Thomas W. Coit. 14. 

The following persons have been ordained Priests : The 
Rev. Seth B. Paddock, the Rev. Lemuel B. Hull, the Rev. 
John M. Garfield, the Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, the Rev. 
James Keeler, the Rev. Ransom .Warner, the Rev. William 
Jarvis, the Rev. Hector Humphreys, the Rev. Alonzo Pot 
ter, the Rev. John Sellon, the Rev. Ashbel Steele, the Rev. 
Edward J. Ives, the Rev. William Shelton. 13. 

The candidates for holy orders are, George A. Shelton, 
William Peet, William H. Lewis, and Harry Finch, of the 
General Theological Seminary ; Norman Pinney, Tutor in 
Washington College ; Nathan Kingsbury, George C. Shep- 
ard, and William H. Judd. 8. 

Much interest has recently been excited in favor of the 
Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society ; and auxiliary 
associations have been formed in many of the principal par 
ishes. Some of these have subscribed very liberally, when 
their means are considered ; and no doubt is entertained but 
that, ere long, the Diocese of Connecticut will do all that 
can bo reasonably expected of her, in support of the inter 
esting cause of missions. 

The Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge 



138 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

in the Diocese continues to give aid to two or three mission 
aries, who are usefully employed in collecting new congre 
gations, and in visiting small or decayed parishes. 

The establishment of Sunday Schools has become general, 
and their usefulness is apparent. A well digested system of 
instruction is, however, greatly needed. 

The clergy still continue to hold an annual convocation, 
in which the interests of religion, and the best means of pro 
moting it, are discussed in an informal way. Were the use 
fulness of these meetings visible only in uniting the clergy 
more closely in the bonds of Christian fellowship, in making 
them to be u of one heart and one soul," and in obviating 
party feelings and divided counsels, in that bod) 7 to which 
men look for an example of unity and brotherly love, they 
would deserve to be perpetuated. Such has been the bpnefit 
experienced from them, that their discontinuance would be 
regarded, by the clergy of the Diocese, as a serious injury 
to the Church. 

But the event of most importance to be recorded in the 
history of this Diocese, since the last report, is the establish 
ment and organization of Washington College. This insti 
tution is the result of exertions, continued under many and 
great discouragements, fur more than twenty-five years ; 
and at last, with complete success. Its charter was obtained 
about the time of the last meeting of this Convention. 
Since that period, the sum requisite for its endowment, fifty 
thousand dollars, has been raised within the limits of the 
Diocese. The College was organized by the appointment of 
its officers, as soon as the funds were secured ; and on the 
23d of September, 1824, the course of instruction was com 
menced. The erection of the collegiate edifices, and the im 
provement of the grounds, were also begun. The faculty 
of the College consists, at present, of a President, a Profes 
sor of Belles Lettres and Oratory, a Professor of Chemistry 
and Mineralogy, a Professor of Ancient Languages, a Pro 
fessor of Botany, a Tutor of Mathematics, and a Teacher of 
the Modern Languages of Europe. The present number of 
students is sixty-five. The College buildings, two in num 
ber, contain, besides the chapel and other public apart 
ments, accommodations for about one hundred students. 
The library belonging to the institution, together with that 
of the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, deposited there during his absence 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 139 

in Europe, amounts to about five thousand volumes, to 
which the students have daily access. In the several depart 
ments of science, every desirable facility is offered, in the pos 
session of a suitable philosophical and chemical apparatus, 
a valuable cabinet of minerals, and an extensive botanic gar 
den, with a green-house filled with exotic plants. The sev 
eral examinations, and other literary exercises, of Washing 
ton College, evince a proficiency in study not surpassed in 
any similar institution, and have already gained for it a large 
share of the public confidence. 

A great proportion of the students have lately formed 
themselves into an " Association auxiliary to the General 
Theological Seminary ;" the object of which is, to raise 
funds for the support of candidates for orders pursuing their 
studies there. While the flattering commencement of this 
College is regarded as an auspicious event to the Church, it 
must not be forgotten, that its future prosperity will depend 
on the support given to it by Episcopalians in various parts 
of our country. 

The Episcopal Academy at Cheshire has lately been de 
prived of its Principal, Dr. Bronson, by death, but will soon 
be re-organized. There is a flourishing academy, under the 
superintendence of the Rev. Mr. Sherwood, at Norwalk ; 
and two others,' one at Sharon, and the other at Gr>inby, di 
rected by persons belonging to our communion. 

NEW YORK. 

The work of the Lord continues, by His blessing, to pros 
per in this portion of His vineyard. The Diocese consists, 
at present, of 114 clergymen (the Bishop, 92 Presbyters, ami 
21 Deacons) and 153 congregations ; being an accession, 
since the report to the last General Convention, of 25 cler 
gymen and 29 congregations. 

The following ordinations of Deacons have taken place : 
By the Bishop of the Diocese himself there have been 
ordained, Orsamus H. Smith, Cornelius R. Duffie, Edward 
K. Fowler, Henry N. Hotchkiss, since removed to Maryland, 
Richard Salmon, Joseph B. Young, Alva Bennett, Norman 
H. Adams, Joshua L. Harrison, John M'Carty, John S. 
Stone, Samuel Seabury, William M. Weber, John A. Clark, 
Smith Pyne, Edward Davis, Edmund D. Griffin, William 



140 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

L. Keese, Alexander H. Crosby, Eleazar Williams, (of In 
dian extraction) John A. Hicks. 

The following persons were ordained Deacons by the fol 
lowing Bishops, acting for Bishop Hobart, while traveling 
in Europe for the benefit of his health. 

By Bishop Croes, of New Jersey, Samuel K. Johnson, 
William C. Mead, James L. Yvonnet, since deceased, Hen 
ry J. Whitehouse, Joseph Pierson, since removed to North 
Carolina and deceased, William W. Bostwick. 

By Bishop White, of Pennsylvania, Benjamin Holmes, 
since removed to New Jersey, Orson V. Howell, since re 
moved to Connecticut. 

By Bishop Bowen, of South Carolina, Isaac Low, since 
deceased. 

Total number of persons ordained Deacons, 30 ; of whom 
Messrs. Johnson, Yvonnet, Whitehouse, Holmes, Howell, 
Griffin, Keese, Crosby and Hicks, were alumni of the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary. 

The following Deacons have been ordained Priests : 

By Bishop Hobart, the Rev. Geo. W. Doane, since remov 
ed to Connecticut, the Rev. Phineas L. Whipjile, the Rev. 
Richard Salmon, the RPV. Palmer Dyer, the Rev. Orsamus 
H. Smith, the Rev. William C. Mead, since removed to 
Pennsylvania, the Rev. Augustus L. Converse, the Rev. 
Manton Eastburn, the Rev. John West, the Rev. Peter 
Williams, (a colored man,) the Rev. William B. Thomas, 
the Rev. Amos C. Treadway, and the Rev. William W. 
Bostwick. 

By Bishop Croes, the Rev. Moses Burt, the Rev. Alger 
non S. Hollis^ter, the Rev. Thomas K. Peck, since removed 
to Maryland, the Rev. Richard Bury, the Rev. Seth W. 
Beardsley, the Rev. Burton H. Hickox, the Rev. Cornelius 
R. Duffle. 

By Bishop Brownell, of Connecticut, the Rev. Alonzo 
Potter, since removed to Massachusetts, the Rev. John 
Sellon. 

Total number of Deacons ordained Priests, 22. 

The following Clergymen have been settled in their re 
spective stations : The Rev. Deodatns Babcock, Rector of 
Christ Church, Balston Spa, Saratoga county ; the Rev. 
Lewis P. Bayard, Rector of St. Thomas's Church, Mama- 
roneck, Westchester county ; the Rev. James P. F. Clarke, 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 141 

Hector of Christ Church, North Hempstead, Queen's county; 
the Rev. Burton H. Hickox, Minister of St. John's Church, 
Canandaigua, Ontario county ; the Rev. William Thomp 
son, from Pennsylvania, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, 
Westchester county ; the Rev. John F. Schrceder, from Ma 
ryland, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 
York ; the Rev. Cornelius R. Duffie, Rector of St. Thomas's 
Church, New York ; the Rev. John Sellon, Rector of Christ 
Church, Ann Street, New York ; the Rev. William A. 
Clark, Rector of All Saints' Church, New York ; the Rev. 
Nathaniel Huse, Rector of Christ Church, Binghampton, 
Broorne county ; the Rev. Samuel R. Johnson, Deacon, Min 
ister of St. James's Church, Hyde-Park, Duchess county ; 
the Rev. Charles J. Todd, Deacon, from Connecticut, Min 
ister of St. John's Church, Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence coun 
ty ; the Rev. Beardsley Northrup, from Connecticut, Rec 
tor of St. Peter's Church, Waterville, Delaware county ; 
the Rev. William W. Bostwick, Rector of St. Thomas's 
Church, Bath, Steuben county, and St. Mark's Church, Pen- 
yan, Yates county ; the Rev. Lawson Carter, Rector of St. 
Paul's Church, Eastchester, Westchester county ; the Rev. 
Alexander H. Crosby, Deacon, Minister of Grace Church, 
White Plains, Westchester county ; the Rev. William A. 
Muhlenberg, from Pennsylvania, Rector of St. George's 
Church, Flushing, Queen's county; the Rev. Edward J. Ives, 
from Connecticut, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Peekskill, 
Westchester county, and St. Philip's Church, Phillipstown, 
Putnam county. 

Twenty-six Missionaries are, at present, employed in this 
Diocese, of whom the following have entered on their duties 
since the last General Convention : The Rev. Norman H. 
Adams, Deacon, the Rev. Seth W. Beardsley, the Rev. Al- 
va Bennett, Deacon, the Rev. William W. Bostwick, the 
Rev. William J. Bulkley, the Rev. John A. Clark, Deacon, 
the Rev. Ezekiel G. Gear, the Rev. William L. Keese, Dea 
con, the Rev. John M'Carty, Deacon, the Rev. Rufus Mur 
ray, Deacon, from Ohio, the Rev. Richard Salmon, the Rev. 
Samuel Seabury, Deacon, the Rev. Addison Searle, the Rev. 
Orsamus H. Smith, the Rev. Amos C. Tread way, from Vir 
ginia, the Rev. William M. Weber, Deacon, the Rev. Jo 
seph B. Young, Deacon. 

The following persons are candidates for orders : George 



142 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

M. Robinson, William R. Whittingham. Hiram Jelliff, Al 
bert Hoyt, John C. Porter, Ephraim Punderson, Samuel 
Fuller, Jr., Isaac Pardee, Horatio Potter, George L. Hin- 
ton, John W. Curtiss, Hiram Adams, William A. Curtiss. 
Total 13. Of whom Mr. Whittingham is an alumnus, and 
Messrs. Porter, Punderson, Fuller Pardee, Potter, Hinton, 
J. W. Curtiss, Adams, W. A. Curtiss, are students of the 
General Theological Seminary. 

It has pleased GOD to remove by death, since the last 
General Convention, the Rev. Caleb Hopkins, who had re 
cently removed from Pennsylvania, and become the offici 
ating minister at Bath, Steuben county, and Angelica, Alle- 
gariy county ; the Rev. William S. Irving, Deacon, while 
traveling in Europe for his health ; the Rev. James L. 
Yvonnet, Deacon ; and the Rev. Isaac Low, Deacon. Of 
these gentlemen, the first was an aged Presbyter, who, hav 
ing come into this Diocese, with anVple testimonials, from 
that of Pennsylvania, had been a few months very faithfully 
and usefully employed, when he was called hence. The 
others were young men, just beginning, with talents and 
acquirements of the most respectable order, to devote them 
selves piously and zealously to the work of their choice, 
when they were lost forever to the Church on earth. 

It is truly gratifying to be able to state, that the sentence 
of suspension on the Rev. Timothy Clowes, LL. D., stated 
in the report of this Diocese, in 1820, to have been passed, 
has, since the last General Convention, been revoked ; and 
that gentleman is now very respectably and usefully settled 
in another Diocese. 

A similar sentence has, within the last year, been passed 
on the Rev. Augustus L. Converse ; but was revoked, after 
a few months, on the most satisfactory evidence that the 
ends of discipline had been fully answered, and that his res 
toration would be productive of no injury, but of positive 
benefit to the Church. 

The following Churches have been duly organized and re 
ceived into union with the Convention : 

Christ Church, Oswego, Oswego county ; Christ Church, 
Morristown, St. Lawrence county ; St. Paul's Church, May- 
ville, Chatauque county ; Christ Church, Sackett's Harbor, 
Jefferson county ; Zion Church, Palmyra, Wayne county; 
Emmanuel Church, Little Falls, Herkimer county ; St. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 143 

Mary's Church, New York ; St. Thomas's Church, New 
York ; All Saints' Church, N. York ; Grace Church, White 
Plains, Westchester county ; St. Luke's Church, Colesville, 
Broome county ; Christ Church, Ann Street, New York ; 
St. James's Church, Skeneateles, Onondaga county ; St. 
John's Church, Marcellus, Onondaga county ; Christ 
Church, Greeneville, Greene county ; St. Stephen's Church, 
New Hartford, Oneida county ; St. Ann's Church, New 
York; St. Peter's Church, Bainbridge, Chenango county; St. 
Peter's Church, Lenox, Madison county ; St. Mark's Church, 
Nunda, Allegany county ; Grace Church, Black Rock, 
Erie county ; St. Matthew's Church, Moravia, Cayuga 
county ; St. John's Church, Gerry, Chatauque county ; 
St. Clement's Church, Weathersrleld, Genessee county ; 
Grace Church, Norfolk, St. Lawrence county ; Sfr Thom 
as's Church, Bath, Steuben county ; St. John's Church, 
Sodus, Wayne county ; St. Paul's Church, Lyons, Wayne 
county ; St. Mark's Church, Penyan, Yates county. To 
tal 29. 

The following churches have been erected and consecrated 
to the service of Almighty GOD : 

St. Thomas's Church, Mamaroneck, Westchester county ; 
St. George's Chnrch, Hempstead, Queen's county ; Trinity 
Church, New Rochelle, Westchester county ; St. Ann's 
Church, Brooklyn, King's county ; Grace Church, White 

Plains, ' 'estchester county ; Church, Trenton, Oneida 

county ; St. John's Church, Ogdensburgh, St. Lawrence 
county ; St. Stephen's Church, New Hartford, Oneida coun 
ty ; St. Matthew's Church, Moravia, Cayuga county ; St. 
John's Church, Ithaca, Tornpkins county ; St. Paul's 
Church, Waterloo, Seneca county ; St. James's Church, 
Batavia, Genessee county ; St. Luke's Church, Rochester, 
Monroe county ; St. Thomas's Church, New York ; St. 
Mary's Church, New York. Total 15. 

The churches at New Rochelle and Brooklyn were conse 
crated by Bishop Croes, in the absence of Bishop Hobart. 
Those at Hempstead, Brooklyn and Rochester, were erected 
in the place of older edifices, which had either gone to de 
cay, or proved too small for the inereased congregations in 
those places. 

As intimated above, this Diocese was, for nearly two- 
thirds of the time since the last General Convention, depriv- 



144 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

ed of the blessing heretofore so largely enjoyed, of the Bish 
op's visitations. In September, 1823, he was under the ne 
cessity of sailing for Europe for the benefit of his health. 
In October, 1825, it pleased God to restore him to his Dio 
cese, so far recovered as to enable him to enter on his 
accustomed course of Episcopal duty. During the last sum 
mer, and the present autumn, he completed an official tour 
of between three and four thousand miles, and visited 65 
congregations, independently of those in the city of New 
York. The number of persons confirmed by him, principal 
ly since his return from Europe, is about 2200. Add to 
these 72 confirmed by Bishop Croes, and the whole number 
of persons confirmed since the period embraced in the last 
report is about 2272. 

And here it is proper to state, that in addition to services 
rendered to this Diocese, as above noticed, during the ab 
sence of the Diocesan, by several of his Right Rev. brethren, 
Bishop Croes, agreeably to the request of Bishop Hobart, 
performed with great kindness and promptitude, such Epis 
copal acts as are essential to the conducting of the ordinary 
course of ecclesiastical affairs. 

The Missionary and Parochial reports, since the last 
General Convention, furnish the following aggregate : Bap 
tisms, (adults 654, children 3573, not specified 1864) 6091 
Marriages 2046 Funerals 4358. 

The number of communicants reported at the last Con 
vention of the Diocese is 6930. 

The following sums have also been reported as collected 
in the several congregations : 

For the Episcopal Fund, - $2774.19 

For the Missionary Fund, - 6385.90 

For the Diocesan Fund, 2460.46 

The cause of missions, from the circumstance of there 
being so much new country, and so many rapidly increasing 
settlements within the borders of this State, it ought to be 
expected, should excite much interest, and call forth much 
active exertion in this Diocese. In a good degree, and we 
believe in an increasing degree, this is the case. As stated 
above, twenty-six missionaries are now employed. They 
are appointed by, and under the direction of, a Committee 
for Propagating the Gospel, of which the Bishop is chair 
man ex'ojficio, appointed by the Convention. The funds are 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 145 

supplied by collections in the churches, by Missionary Soci 
eties, and by an annual grant from the Society for Promot 
ing Religion and Learning. Some of the largest and most 
flourishing parishes in the Diocese owe their existence, un 
der God, to the fostering care of the above mentioned Com 
mittee, through the faithful labors of the missionaries, and 
the active superintendence of the Bishop. When the settle 
ments in which those parishes are established were just 
forming, the missionary began there his pious work. His lit 
tle fleck grew with the growth, and strengthened with the 
strength of the town, until, nurtured by the divine blessing, 
the Church became competent to its own support, when the 
aid was withdrawn, and transferred to visit another region 
with a similar blessing. In this way two or three mission 
ary stations are dropped every year, and others established. 
Merely this, however, by no means keeps pace with the de 
mand. There is a loud call for the constant increase of the 
means of this all-important and indispensable mode of ad 
vancing the interests of the Gospel. Every friend to those 
interests must hope and pray that this good work may 
abound more and more. 

The purposes of pious charity continue to be prosecuted 
by the several societies established with that view, by the 
Bishop, Clergy and members of the Church in this Diocese. 
At the head of them is to be ranked the Society for Promot 
ing Keligion and Learning, which consists of a Board of 
Trustees, originally appointed, and liberally endowed, about 
twenty-four years ago, by the Corporation of Trinity Church 
in the city of New York ; and which annually expends be 
tween three and four thousand dollars in various measures 
promotive of the interests of the Gospel. Two large and 
flourishing daily Charity Schools in the city of New York, 
and Sunday Schools in almost every parish are communicat 
ing, gratuitously, to many thousands, the blessings of an 
ordinary, and especially of a religious education. Mission 
ary Societies and Associations, in all parts of the Diocese, 
are annually supplying the ecclesiastical authority with the 
means of continuing and increasing missionary services. 
Bibles, Common Prayer Books and Tracts are circulated, 
in great numbers, by societies formed for the purpose. Al 
though, however, in these several lines of usefulness, the 
Church has cause gratefully to acknowledge many noble ex.- 



146 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

am pies of liberality and devotedness, still much remains to 
be done ; a wide field for exertion still unoccupied, and im 
mense resources are still inoperative. 

It was mentioned in the last report of this Diocese, that 
there was a prospect of having a College established at Ge 
neva, in the county of Ontario, principally under the direc 
tion of the members of our Church. The measure has since 
been carried into effect. And while, at Geneva College, no 
peculiar privileges are enjoyed by Episcopal students over 
others, and every measure unfavorable to the fullest tolera 
tion of all religious sentiments, or tending to a system of 
proselytism, is most scrupulously avoided, the youth of our 
own Church are exposed to no inducements to forsake her, 
but have every facility of becoming established, strengthen 
ed and settled in her primitive and evangelical doctrines 
and order. 

With regard to " the attention paid to the canons and 
rules of the Church," into which an inquiry is at this time 
ordered to be made, it is gratifying to know that the general 
fidelity, in this particular, with which this Diocese has been 
uniformly characterized, not only continues, but seems to be 
gaining ground, and becoming more and more firmly settled. 
Especially in seasons and neighborhoods of peculiar religious 
excitements, the faithful and conscientious pastor has found 
the provisions of the Church, and the zealous and industri 
ous, but consistent, practical application of her principles 
of order, the most successful mode, under the divine bless 
ing, of rendering those excitements promotive of substantial 
and permanent evangelical piety. 

In conclusion, we would turn to that consideration from 
which every other derives its greatest value, and to which 
the devout Christian will ever delight to look as the great 
end and aim of every visible mean, and every external op 
eration, the state of the Diocese in reference to evangelical 
piety. Of the progress of this, every one acquainted with 
the genuine character of our holy religion, will be aware, 
that the evidences must be found in the meek, humble, holy 
and self-subduing, practical operation of a true and living 
faith, on the general character and life. From the'observa- 
ton to this end, which the Bishop has made in his extensive 
visitations, and more extensive intercourse, in other ways, 
with his Diocese, and from the missionary and parochial re- 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 147 

ports and other authentic sources of information, we have 
reason to thank God, that through his grace, there is gener 
ally apparent in this Diocese an increase of real religious 
concern, and an increased sensibility to the pure and holy 
obligations -of the Christian profession. And although 
much, indeed, of alarming deficiency on these momentous 
subjects still exists to awaken our solicitude, engage our 
prayers, and enlist our most zealous efforts, still may we 
thank God, and take courage, in the humble confidence that 
his. word, worship and ordinances are made channels of in 
creasing spiritual blessings to his people. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Diocese of New Jersey still continues to improve. 
It contains seventeen clergymen, the Bishop, fourteen Pres 
byters, and two Deacons, and thirty congregations. Twenty- 
two of the congregations enjoy stated divine service ; the 
residue are, with occasional exceptions, regularly supplied 
by missionaries. The number of churches in the Diocese 
is twenty-seven, two of which have been erected since the 
last report ; and they are all in good repair. 

During the recess of the General Convention the Bishop 
has admitted to the order of Deacons, Robert Brown Croes, 
and the following Deacons to the order of Priests : the Rev. 
Clarkson Dunn, the Rev. John M. Ward, the Rev. William 
L. Johnson, the Rev. Matthew Matthews, the Rev. Chris 
tian F. Cruse, and the Rev. Benjamin Holmes. 

Within the same period he has instituted into the Rector 
ship of Christ Church, Newton, the Rev. Clarkson Dunn ; 
of St. Peter's, Berkeley, the Rev. Richard D. Hall, (since 
removed into the Diocese of Pennsylvania) ; of St. Peter's, 
Spotswood, the Rev. John M. Ward ; of St. Michael's, 
Trenton, the Rev. William L. Johnson ; of Trinity Church, 
Swedesborough, the Rev. Simon Wiliner ; of Christ, Church, 
Shrewsbury, the Rev. Eli Wheeler ; and of St. Paul's 
Church, Paterson, the Rev. John Croes, Jr., who had resign 
ed his charge of the Church at Shrewsbury. 

The following clergymen, have also been received into the 
Diocese : The Rev. John Grigg, as Minister of Christ Chap 
el, Belleville, (since resigned his charge) ; the Rev. Charles 
Smith, as Minister of St. John's Church, Salem, (since re- 



148 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

moved into the Diocese of Pennsylvania) ; the Kev. Mat 
thew Matthews, as Minister of Christ Chapel, Belleville ; 
the Rev. Benjamin Holmes, as Missionary to the vacant 
churches ; the Rev. Christian F. Cruse, as Minister of St. 
John's Church, Salem, and St. George's, Pennsneck ; and 
the Rev. Smith Payne, as Minister of St. John's Church, 
Elizabeth-Town. 

The following clergymen, in addition to those already 
mentioned, have removed from the Diocose : The Rev. 
Richard F. Cadle, now in the service of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States ; the Rev. Jacob M. Douglass 
to the Diocese of Pennsylvania ; the Rev. Robert B. does 
to the Diocese of Virginia ; and the Rev. John Churchill 
Rudd, D. D., to the Diocese of New York. 

One Church, viz. St. Paul's Church at Paterson, in Essex 
county, has been duly organized in this Diocese, and receiv 
ed into union with the Convention. 

Two churches have been consecrated by the Bishop ; 
Christ Church at Newton, in Sussex county, and St. Paul's 
Church at Paterson. 

Confirmations have been administered in the following 
churches : St. John's Church, Elizabeth-Town, twice ; St. 
Mary's, Burlington ; St. Peter's, Spotswood : St. Peter's, 
Freehold ; St. James's, Knowlton, twice ; Christ Church, 
Newton, twice ; St. Michael's, Trenton ; St. Peter's, Berke 
ley ; St. John's, Salem ; Trinity Church, Swedesborough, 
twice ; St. Mary's, Colestown ; St. Peter's, Perth Amboy ; 
Christ Church, Shrewsbury ; Trinity Church, Newark ; 
Christ Chapel, Belleville ; Christ Church, New Brunswick ; 
St. Andrew's, Mount Holly ; and St. George's, Pennsneck. 

The number of baptisms reported since the last General 
Convention is 732. The number of persons confirmed has 
been 256. 

The communicants in the Diocese are about 800. 

The several congregations, with few exceptions, continue 
to be visited, by the Bishop, once a year ; and both clergy 
men and laymen generally conform to the canons, rubrics, 
and seemly order of the Church. 

The Sunday schools continue to increase and flourish, 
and are productive of much benefit, both to the Church and 
to the community at large. 



1826.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 149 

The annual avails of the Missionary Fund of the Diocese, 
which has been instituted more than twenty years, have 
considerably increased since the last report, by the product 
of the genius and industry of benevolent associations of la 
dies in some of the congregations, which they have gener 
ously appropriated to it. It can hardly be necessary to 
mention how much the Church in the Diocese has, under 
the Divine blessing, been benefited by the operation of that 
fund. 

The Fund of the Corporation for the Relief of Widows 
and Children of Clergymen is continually augmenting. It 
now amounts to upwards of ten thousand dollars. 

The Episcopal Society of this Diocese, for the Promotion 
of Christian knowledge and Piety, does not relax in its efibrts 
to effect the purposes intended by its institution. It has 
(although principally supported only by four or five congre 
gations) been enabled for sixteen years, through the Divine 
goodness, to diffuse gratuitously Bibles, Prayer Books and 
Tracts among the Churches of our communion in the Dio 
cese ; and, when necessary, it has frequently given aid to the 
Missionary fund. It has now at interest upwards of twelve 
hundred and fifty dollars, which cannot be diverted. 

The raising of a fund for the establishment of a Scholar 
ship in the General Theological Seminary, is in progress in 
this Diocese ; fifteen hundred dollars of which have already 
been subscribed or collected. 

Such being the outward state of the Church in this Dio 
cese, it can scarcely be imagined that its spiritual state is 
not, in some considerable degree, advancing. May its prog 
ress, however, be accelerated, till, through Divine grace, its 
members, from the least to the greatest, may know the only 
true God, and Jesus Christ whom he has sent, in that sense 
which Christ himself has declared is life eternal ! 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Diocese of Pennsylvania consists at present of the 
Bishop, forty-eight Presbyters, ten Deacons and fifty-four 
congregations. 

Since the last General Convention the following persons 
have been admitted by the Bishop of this Diocese to the 
holy order of Deacons : Henry M. Mason, now settled in 



150 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826, 

North Carolina, Samuel Bowman, the Rev. Thomas Jack 
son, of the Presbyterian Church, and now settled in Mary 
land, Robert Piggot, John H. Hopkins, Samuel Marks, the 
Rev. Christian F. Cruse, of the German Lutheran Church, 
and now settled in New Jersey, Matthew Matthews, since 
removed to New Jersey, William Levington, (a colored 
man) since removed to Maryland, William Eldred, James 
De Pui, John B. Clemsou, Caleb I. Good, David C. Page, 
Greenbury W. Ridgley. John Davis, the Rev. James C. 
Ward, (a colored man) of the Presbyterian Church, William 
R. Bowman, William Bryant, William Henry Rees, Benja 
min Hutchins. 

Within the same period the following Deacons have been 
ordained Priests : The Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves, Jr., the Rev. 
James Pilmore, then Minister of the Church at Natchez, 
Mississippi, the Rev. Richard U. Morgan, the Rev. Levi 
Silliman Ives, the Rev. Moses P. Ben net, the Rev. John H. 
Hopkins, the Rev. Samuel Bowman, the Rev. Norman Nash, 
the Rev. Robert Davis, the Rev. Enoch Huntington, the Rev. 
Samuel Marks, the Rev. Robert Piggot, the Rev. William 
Eldred, the Rev. David C. Page. 

There are nine candidates for holy orders, viz., William 
Lucas, Pierce Connelly, James May, John Campbell, John 
H. Marsden, Darius Williams, Jr.. John P. Robinson, Hen 
ry Hood, John T. Adderly. 

There have been duly organized in this Diocese, and re 
ceived into union with its Convention, Christ Church, Read 
ing ; St. Mark's Church, Lewistown ; St. Matthew's Church, 
Francisville, Philadelphia county ; Christ Church, Mead- 
ville, Crawford county ; St. John's Church, Franklin, Ve- 
nango county ; St. Stephen's Church, Harrisburgh, and St. 
Stephen's Church, Thompsontown, Mifflin county. 

The following churches have been consecrated by the 
Bishop : St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia ; St. Stephen's 
Church, Wilkesbarre ; St. Matthew's Church, Francisville, 
Philadelphia county ; St. Mark's Church, Lewistown ; 
Trinity Church, Pittsburgh ; Christ Church, Brownsville, 
Fayette county ; Christ Church, Greensburgh, Westmore 
land county ; St. Thomas's Church, Morgantown, Berks 
county ; Christ Church, Reading, Berks county, and St, 
Matthew's Church, Pike, Bradford county. 

Confirmation has been administered in the following 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 151 

Churches : St. Stephen's Church, Wilkesbarre : St. James's 
Church, Perkiomen, Montgomery county; St. Paul's Church, 
Philadelphia ; St. Stephen's Church, Philadelphia ; Trinity 
Church, Southwark, Philadelphia ; St. John's Church, Nor- 
ristown ;" St. James's Church, Lancaster ; St. Mark's Church, 
Lewistown ; St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia ; Trinity 
Church, Pittsburgh ; Christ Church, Brownsville ; St. 
John's Church, Carlisle ; Christ Church, Adams county ; 
St. John's Church, York ; St. John's Church, Pequea, 
Chester county; St. Thomas's Church, Morgantown ; Christ 
Church, Leacock, Lancaster county ; St. Peter's Church, 
Philadelphia ; Christ Church, Reading ; St. Matthew's 
Church, Pike, Bradford county ; St. James's Church, 
Philadelphia ; Christ Church, Philadelphia ; and at the 
following places : Huntingdon, Huntingdon county ; Ho- 
lydaysburgh, Connelsville, Fayette county ; Marietta, Lan 
caster county ; Springville, Susquehanna county ; and 
New Milford, Susquehanna county. The number confirm 
ed in this Diocese, since the last General Convention, is 960. 

The Diocese has been deprived by death of the venerable 
Joseph Pilmore, D. D., for many years Rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Philadelphia. 

The numbers of baptisms reported since the last General 
Convention were as follows : At the Diocesan Convention 
in 1824 there were reported 723, of whom 141 were adults ; 
in 1825 there were reported 795, of whom 82 were adults ; 
and at the last annual Convention there were reported 804, 
of whom 65 were adults. The number of communicants 
reported to the last Diocesan Convention is 1886. Sunday 
schools and Bible classes exist in many of the parishes. 

The Society for the Advancement of Christianity contin 
ues its usefui labors, and has been instrumental, under the 
Divine blessing, in establishing many congregations, which 
are now flourishing. Twelve clergymen have acted as its 
missionaries for the last three years, or have been assisted 
from its funds. Seven missionaries are at present in its 
employ. 

Several young men are at present aided by societies 
established for the purpose, in preparatory studies for the 
ministry. 

The Episcopal Fund is still small. It does not amount 
to more than $10,400. 



152 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

Upon a review of the state and condition of the Church 
in this Diocese, since the last General Convention, we have 
abundant cause of thankfulness for the measure of prosper 
ity with which we have been favored ; and our gratitude 
ought to be increased by the circumstances which fully 
warrant the hope that, with the Divine blessing, we shall 
enjoy, for the ensuing three years, a continued and increas 
ing advancement. 

DELAWARE. 

In taking a view of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the Diocese of Delaware, we have to state that no material 
change has taken place since the meeting of the last Gener 
al Convention ; and it appears from the face of the Jour 
nals of the several State Conventions, that there are in this 
Diocese fourteen churches, and only three officiating clergy 
men, who have regular charges. The Rev. Henry L. Davis, 
D. D., late of the Diocese of Maryland, and now Principal 
of the College at Wilmington, occasionally performs divine 
service and preaches in that place ; and the Rev. Robert 
Clay still resides at Newcastle ; but the infirmities of age 
render him unable to perform the duties of the desk and 
pulpit. Under these circumstances it therefore appears that 
many of our congregations are destitute of the regular min 
istration of the word and ordinances of the Church. And 
we also would state, with the most sincere regret, that the 
Missionary Society formed in June, 1823, is at this time in 
a declining state. But under all these discouraging appear 
ances, we are happy to state, that some improvement is 
making in our churches in this Diocese. A new and com 
modious church has been built at St. James's, near Stan ton, 
and has been consecrated by the Right Rev. Rishop White 
since the meeting of the last General Convention ; and 
some improvements are making in other parts of the State. 

Mr. Henry V. D. Johns was admitted to the holy order of 
Deacons at Newcastle,' in August last, by the Right Rev. 
Bishop White ; and there are at this time two candidates 
for holy orders in this Diocese ; both of them at present, are 
prosecuting their studies in the General Theological Semi 
nary at New York. And it appears from the Journals, that 
there are about 375 communicants. And there have been 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 153 

admitted into our Church, by the holy rite of baptism, 12 
adults and 130 infants. 

The canons and mbricks of our Church are generally du 
ly observed. And finally, we hope that the time to favor 
our Zion is not far distant ; and this hope rests upon the 
great Head of the Church ; for we think no truth more ev 
ident than that stated in holy writ, " Paul may plant, and 
Apollos water, but God giveth the increase." Under the 
influence of that divine energy from above we hope to see our 
Church renovated, and its moral and spiritual condition as 
sume its primitive purity and eminence. 

MARYLAND. 

The Journals of the last four Conventions of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church of Maryland, all of which have been 
held since the General Convention of 1823, contain the fol 
lowing statements : 

Seven persons have been admitted to the holy order of 
Deacons, viz. Lemuel Wilmer, John Frederick Schroeder, 
Horatio N. Gray, John Claxton, John G. Blanchard, Johan 
nes E. Jackson, Matthias Harris. 

Sixteen persons have been admitted to the holy order of 
Priests, viz., The Rev. Benjamin P. Aydelott, M. D., the 
Rev. William Armstrong, the Rev. Daniel Somers, the Rev. 
Joseph Spencer, the Rev. Grandison Aisquith, the Rev. 
Charles P. M'llvaine, the Rev. George M'Elbiney, the Rev. 
Lemuel Wilmer, the Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, the Rev. John 
F. Schrceder, the Rev. George B. Shaeffer, the Rev. Henry 
H. Pfeiffer, the Rev. Thomas Jackson, the Rev. Horatio N. 
Gray, the Rev. John G. Blanchard, the Rev. Johannes E. 
Jackson. 

There are at present in the Diocese three candidates for 
orders, viz. Mr. Thomas Billopp, Mr. Robert W. Golds- 
borough, and Mr. T. Harrison. There are sixty-five parishes 
and fifty-two clergymen. Six churches have been consecrat 
ed to the worship of Almighty God ; 1123 persons have been 
confirmed ; 4467 persons have been baptized ; and there are 
2615 communicants in the Diocese. Two clergymen have 
been partially employed, during the last year, in performing 
missionary duty. 

There are in operation a missionary society ; a society for 



154 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826- 

the publication of Prayer Books and Homilies ; two charity 
schools one attached to St. Paul's, Baltimore, for the en 
tire support and education of destitute children, and the 
other to St. Peter's, Baltimore, for the education of children; 
a society for the relief of the widows and orphans of clergy 
men ; Sunday schools in most of th< j parishes ; and several 
tract societies. The foundation of a building for the accom 
modation of the colored persons attached to the Church in 
Baltimore has been laid in that city, upon a lot given for 
the purpose by James Bosley, Esq.; and it is believed that 
through the zeal and liberality of several gentlemen who have 
engaged in the cause, it will be speedily completed. A min 
ister, the Rev. William Levington, ordained by the Bishop 
of Pennsylvania, is already procured, whose services are both 
useful and acceptable. 

Upon a general view of the condition of the Diocese, al 
though it appears from the last annual report that there are 
parishes suffering through a difficulty experienced in procur 
ing pastors, there is ground for the persuasion that the influ 
ence of the doctrines of the Church, and an attachment to 
her ritual, are extending and strengthening in Maryland. 

VIRGINIA. 

The general interests of the Church in this Diocese exhibit 
very obvious marks of improvement during the last three 
years. Much, however, still remains to be done in building 
up the waste places of Zion, and supplying the wants of those 
who look to her for spiritual food. Among those who occupy 
on this ground there is no zeal wanting; but the laborers 
are few, and, on this account, wholly inadequate to the de 
mands arising from the large and widely scattered population 
of the Diocese. From present indications, it is confidently 
trusted, that, by the Divine blessing, increasing prosperity 
will attend the well-directed efforts of the ministry, and a 
brighter day dawn upon the Church. The Diocese has al 
ready experienced the most substantial benefits from the es 
tablishment of her Theological School, aided by the Educa 
tion Society of Virginia and Maryland ; and she still looks 
to it, as to a precious fount, by whose streams her barren 
waste shall be watered and made glad. 

The building of six new churches within the Diocese, and 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 155 

the consecration of most of them to the service of Almighty 
God, since the last General Convention, together with the 
repair of others, presents subject matter of much gratitude 
to the great Head of the Church, and tends, in no small de-p 
gree, to confirm the rising hopes of her members. 

As to the number of baptisms, communicants and burials, 
no certain information can be had, from the imperfect state 
of the Journals ; and the absence of the venerable Bishop 
of the Diocese, who is detained from this Convention by ill 
ness, precludes all access to much .other information which 
should be contained in this digest. 

The number of ordinations is supposed to be over twenty 
since the last General Convention. The number of the cler 
gy 41. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

With unfeigned thankfulness to Almighty God for his 
providential care, we are happy to announce the prosperity 
of the Church in this Diocese, and of its regular and con 
tinued, though it may not be very rapid increase. 

The number of clergy at present in the Diocese is ten be 
sides the Bishop, viz. the Rev. Adam Empie, the Eev. 
John A very, the Kev. William M. Green, the Rev. Richard 
S. Mason, the Rev. Henry M. Mason, the Rev. Robert J. 
Miller, the Rev. Elijah Brainerd, the Rev. Thomas Wright, 
Presbyters ; and the Rev. George W. Freeman and the 
Rev. Philip B. Wiley, Deacons. The number of baptisms 
since the last General Convention has been 708 ; the num 
ber confirmed 364 ; and the number of communicants, as 
stated in the Journal of the last annual Convention of this 
Diocese is 649 ; making an increase of 278 baptisms, and 
of 169 communicants, since the last Triennial Convention. 

Since 1823 four persons have been admitted to the holy 
order of Deacons, viz. Carolus C. Brainerd, James Otey, 
George W. Freeman and Philip B. Wiley : and the follow 
ing Deacons have received Priest's orders : the Rev. Henry 
M. Mason, the Rev. Joseph Pierson, and the Rev. Carolus 
C. Brainerd. 

The changes which have taken place in the ministry con 
sist in the removal of the Rev. Robert Davis to the Diocese 
of Pennsylvania, and of the Rev. James Otey to the town 
of Franklin, Tennessee. The Rev. William Hooper, a his 



156 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

declaring his inability to comply with the rubricks, and to 
use some of the liturgical services of the Church, and on 
expressing his wish to renounce the ministry, was displaced 
therefrom, according to the directions of the 7th Canon of 
1820. 

The Kev. Henry M. Mason has been chosen Hector of St. 
John's Church, Fayetteville. The Rev. Thomas Wright has 
removed from Calvary Church, Wadesborough, to St. Luke's 
Church, Salisbury, and Christ Church, Rowan county. The 
Rev. William M. Green has relinquished the charge of St. 
John's Church, Williamsborough, and Emmanuel Church, 
Warren ton, for that of St. Matthew's Church, Hillsborough, 
and St. Mary's Church, Orange county. He was succeeded 
by the Rev. Carolus C. Brainerd in the care of the first- 
mentionod churches. The Rev. Joseph Pierson, from the 
Diocese of New York, was chosen to the charge of the con 
gregations of St. Peter's Church, Washington, St. Thomas's 
Church, Bath, and of Zion Chapel and Trinity Chapel, 
Beaufort county. The Rev. Elijah Brainerd has also remov 
ed to this State from the Diocese of Vermont, and js engag 
ed in a female academy. 

With emotions of the sincerest sorrow, we here announce 
the decease of two eminently useful clergymen of this Dio 
cese : the Rev. Joseph Pierson and the Rev. Carolus C. 
Brainerd. While we bow with submission to the mysteri 
ous Providence that hath afflicted us, we pray the Almighty 
Guardian of the Church, that of his great mercy he would 
speedily supply the place of those we have lost ; that he 
would send forth other laborers into the harvest. 

Since the year 1823, six new congregations have been 
formed, viz. St. Luke's Church, Salisbury ; Union Church, 
Waynesborough ; St. Paul's Church, Milton ; St. Peter's 
Church, Washington ; St. Matthew's Church, Hillsborough, 
and St. John's Church, Beaufort county. The following 
churches have been consecrated : Christ Church, Newbern ; 
St. Peter's Church, Washington ; St. Matthew's Church, 
Hillsborongh ; St. John's Church, Beaufort county ; St. 
John's Church, Williamsborough, and St. Thomas's Church, 
Bath. The two last, though long erected, (St. Thomas's as 
early as the year 1734) had never been solemnly dedicated 
to the worship of Almighty God, according to the form pre 
scribed by the Church. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 157 

There is a missionary society in this Diocese. Efforts 
have been made to raise a permanent fund for the support 
of the Bishop, and have been in great part successful. Pa 
rochial libraries have been established in some parishes es 
pecially in St. James's Church, Wilmington. Sunday 
schools have been formed in most of the towns where there 
are pastors ; and societies, either for the relief of indigence, 
or the support and extension of religion, exist in several 
places. 

The rubricks, constitution and canons of the Church are 
rigidly adhered to, with but one exception that in some 
parishes the canon enjoining the Pastoral Letter from the 
House of Bishops to be read, has not been always complied 
with. 

The distinguishing principles of the Church are better 
known and more fully received than ever, owing principally 
to the diligent and earnest enforcement of them, both from 
the pulpit and the press, by the much loved and much ven 
erated Bishop of the Diocese. The most perfect harmony 
and kindliest fellow-feeling exist among the clergy of this 
Diocese. It is hoped that there has been an increase of 
fervent piety and holy practice. May the God of all grace 
extend the good work begun, till the whole land be fill 
ed with followers of the blessed Saviour with heirs of 
eternal life ! 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In this Diocese there are thirty-eight organized congrega 
tions, seven of which are without a minister. The clergy 
consist of a Bishop, thirty Presbyters, and five Deacons. 
Within the period embraced by this report there have been 
seven persons admitted to the order of Deacons, viz. Ed 
ward Neufville, Charles P. Elliot, Paul T. Keith, Philip 
Gadsden, Edward Thomas, George W. Hathaway, and 
Isaac Low. 

Seven have been admitted to the order of Priests, to wit : 
The Rev. William H. Mitchell, the Rev. Charles P. Elliot, 
the Rev. Francis H. Rutledge, the Rev. Edward Philips, the 
Rev. Mellish J. Motte, the Rev. Edward Thomas, the Rev. 
Thomas H. Taylor. 

Two clergymen have removed into this Diocese; two have 
removed from it ; and four have departed this life. 



158 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

There are five candidates for holy orders ; and two have 
deceased. 

One church, which was destroyed in the Revolution, has 
been rebuilt. Four new churches have been consecrated, 
and a fifth is nearly ready for consecration. 

The baptisms reported are of infants 886, of adults 100 
in all 986. The number of persons confirmed is 519. 
There are 1988 communicants, of whom 475 are persons of 
color. 

A Pastoral Letter from the Bishop has been circulated. 
A monthly religious publication by the members of our 
Church has been issued since January, 1824. And in some 
of the parishes library associations have been formed. 

The following offerings of piety and benevolence have been 
received : 

Miss De Tolliniere's legacy to the Society for the advance 
ment of Christianity, $7,158.31 
Mrs. Gregorie's legacy to the same, - 642.85 
Mr. Plowden Weston's donation to the same, 200.00 
Mr. William Clarkson's legacy to the same, 500.00 



Total, $8,501.16 

The congregation of St. Paul's Church, Charleston, have 
liquidated a debt of $30,000. A legacy to the Bishop's 
Fund of $500, and one of $500 to the Church on John's 
Island, are understood to have been made by the late Mrs. 
Bush. Some of the parishes have funds derived from pri 
vate liberality, the interest of which is applicable to the 
support of their ministers. 

The Bishop's Fund, amounting to $9,180.30, is gradually 
increasing by donations, and the addition to the capital of 
one-fourth of the annual interest. The other three-fourths, 
together with the contribution of about $1,000, received 
from the different parishes, are appropriated to the assistant 
Minister of the Church of which the Bishop is Rector. 
The Bishop receives no compensation for his Episcopal ser 
vices. 

Since the last General Convention, the agent of the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary visited some of the parishes, and 
obtained subscriptions to the amount of $2,782.60, of which 
the greater part has been paid. 



[1826. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 159 

There has been paid by this Diocese to the General Fund 
of that Institution, $9,017.60 

Due by subscribers to the same, - 1,877.00 

For the founding of the Bishop Dehon Scholarship, 3,000.00 
For the founding of the Bishop Bowen Scholarship, 923.62 
Due by the subscribers to the same, 191.38 

For the founding of the Claremont Church Schol 
arship, 48.00 
Due by the subscribers to the same, 64.00 

Total paid and subscribed towards the endowment 

of the General Theological Seminary, $15,121.60 

The candidates for holy orders from this Diocese, who 
have for a greater or less time pursued their studies at the 
Seminary, are in number 14. 

The Societies by which, under the Divine blessing, the 
welfare of the Church in this Diocese has been greatly pro 
moted, are, 

1. " The Society for the relief of the Widows and Or 
phans of the Clergy of the Protestant Episcopal Church," 
instituted in 1762, chiefly, it is believed, through the instru 
mentality of the late Right Rev. Dr. Smith, the first Bishop 
of this Diocese, has at present 114 members, who contribute 
annually. $10 each to the funds of the society, and an in 
vested capital of $55,042. 

2. " The Protestant Episcopal Society for the Advance 
ment of Christianity in South Carolina," instituted in 18 LO. 
It has 126 life members, and 234 annual subscribers. The 
former have contributed each $50, and the latter pay annu 
ally $5. The invested capital is $35,017.88. The objects 
of this society are the support of missions, the assistance 
of indigent candidates for orders, the distribution of the 
Bible, Prayer Book, and approved books and tracts, and 
the founding of a Theological Library, for the use especial 
ly of the clergy, and those preparing for the sacred office. 
The library at present consists of 1500 volumes. 

3. " The Charleston Protestant Episcopal Missionary So 
ciety, composed of young men and others," was instituted 
in 1819. It has 18 life members, who have paid each $20 ; 
and 250 other members, who annually contribute $2. 

4. u The Protestant Episcopal Female Domestic Mission 
ary Society," formed in 1821, has 7 life members who have 
paid each $20, and 243 members, who pay annually $2. 



160 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [182G. 

This society provides for the support of the minister who 
officiates in St. Stephen's Chapel, Charleston, built for the 
accommodation of the poor. 

5. " The Juvenile Missionary Society," formed in 1825, 
consists of children, of whom there are 185. The annual in 
come is about $120. 

6. " The Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Society" 
was founded in 1819, to provide books for the schools in 
Charleston, and clothing for the destitute children who at 
tend them. It has 132 members, who pay annually $1. 
The income of the society is about $200. 

Sunday schools are in successful operation in several of the 
parishes. The instruction is almost exclusively religious ; 
and persons of color, both adults and children, are among 
the instructed. 

In conclusion, we have the satisfaction to state, that the 
canons and rubricks of the Church are generally observed, 
and that both clergy and laity are in a degree which is a just 
occasion of pious satisfaction, of one mind and of one heart. 

GEORGIA. 

In this Diocese it may with much propriety be said, " the 
harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few." Perhaps 
DO section of the United States affords greater encourage 
ment for missionary services than Georgia. 

With a large extent of territory, rapidly increasing in pop 
ulation, there are comparatively very few Christian minis 
ters of any denomination ; and of these few, no small pro 
portion exercise their functions in connection with secular 
callings, which preclude the possibility of their acquiring 
such theological knowledge as is indispensable to the edifying 
of those to whom they minister. Of clergymen of the Church 
there are but four upon the records of this Diocese ; and 
one of these, in consequence of age, and other circumstances 
not within his own control, is enabled to contribute but lit 
tle in the way of professional labor, to the necessities of the 
Church. 

There are four regularly organized congregations in the 
Diocese, viz., one at Savannah, one at Augusta, one on St. 
Simon's Island, and one at Macon, near the centre of the 
State. The one on St. Simon's is composed of the few fam- 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 161 

ilies that reside on the island, and would scarcely be able 
to afford a competent support to a minister, especially if he 
should have a family depending upon him. It is now va 
cant. The one at Macon has been organized since the last 
General Convention, under the faithful and zealous mission 
ary labors of the Rev. Lot Jones, its present worthy Rec 
tor. At this place, which, within a few years, was a wil 
derness, was held the last annual Convention of this Diocese. 

At this Convention the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, who, 
under the provisions of the 20th canon of 1808, exercises 
the Episcopal office in this Diocese, was present and pre 
sided. 

As this was the first and only Convention of the Church 
in this State, in which one in the Episcopal office had pre 
sided, the Bishop, in his address, briefly stated all the Epis 
copal acts which had been performed in the Diocese, so far 
as they had come to his knowledge. This statement was as 
follows : 

" Having had his attention invited to the condition of 
congregations of our communion in this State, Bishop Smith 
of South Carolina, as early as in 1798, and from that time 
forward until his death, in 1802, by correspondence sought 
to cherish and preserve them in soundness and stability. 
Through the Rev. Mr. Strong, then of Oglethorpe county, 
he became acquainted with the merits of Mr. James Ham 
ilton Ray, an officer at thafr time of Washington Academy, 
in Wilkes county, as a candidate for holy orders. Mr. Ray, 
as is shown by a register in my possession, was ordained 
Deacon and Priest, in the spring of 1801. He lived a useful 
and honored minister in Greene county, a few years after> 
and died in 1805, greatly lamented, as the faithful and able 
pastor of a numerous and affectionate flock. At about the 
same time, or a little earlier, a Mr. Guirey, who had been a 
preacher of the Methodist persuasion, was admitted, on the 
faith of recommendatory testimonials from this State, to 
Deacon's orders. This appears to have taken place without 
the reasonable satisfaction of the judgment of persons most 
acquainted with Mr. Guirey ; and the Bishop is known to 
have regretted that he had been misled by testimonials, at 
least carelessly given, into the measure. I am not informed 
where, or under what circumstances, Mr. Guirey exercised 
the ministry in this State. 



162 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

"From 1802 until 1S12, the Episcopal office was vacant 
in South Carolina ; and it was not until 1815 that any acts, 
proper to that office, were performed in behalf of your con 
gregations. In the spring of that year the late Bishop De- 
hon visited Savannah, consecrated the church there, then 
recently re-huilt, the Rev. Mr. Cranston being Rector of it, 
and administered confirmation ; about 50 persons having, 
on that occasion, l>een presented to him as subjects of the 
rite. In March, 1821, St. Paul's Church in Augusta, was 
consecrated by him who is now addressing you ; assisted 
by the Rev. Mr. Smith, then, as now, Rector of it, and the 
Rev. Mr. Authon, then officiating in South Carolina. The 
congregation of this Church, recently re-organized by the 
peculiarly happy labors of Mr. Smith, was then found in a 
flourishing condition, and 21 persons were confirmed. 

" In April, 1823, Christ Church, in Savannah, was again 
visited, the Rev. Mr. Carter having succeeded Mr. Cran 
ston (removed by death,) in the charge of it, when 84 per 
sons were confirmed. In the month of November following 
the Church at Augusta was visited by me, and 18 persons 
confirmed. Since that period I have made no official visit 
to any part of the Diocese, until the late occasion, already 
reported, of my being at Savannah." 

Besides the acts above stated, the Bishop held a confirma 
tion in Christ Church, Savannah, in the month of April 
last, when 46 persons were confirmed. Four persons were 
also confirmed at Macon, during the sitting of the Con 
vention. 

Of candidates for orders there are none ; neither have 
any ordinations ever taken place in the Diocese. " It is 
melancholy to advert to the fact," says Bishop Bowen, in 
his address to the Convention, " that while other callings 
are so honorably supplied with the native talent and charac 
ter of the State, that of the ministry, and especially in the 
communion of which we are members, should not yet have 
attained, in a greater degree, this important advantage." 

The number of baptisms reported at the last Convention 
was 41. The number of communicants 164. Sunday schools 
are established in all the parishes, and are in a prosperous 
condition. 

On the whole, though, for the want of missionary aid, 
little has been done, compared with what might otherwise, 



1826] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 163 

under the blessing of Providence, have been effected, yet 
the harvest has richly repaid the labors which have been 
bestowed. 



OHIO. 

The Church in Ohio, from the period of its first organi 
zation, in 1818, to the present time, has encountered much 
difficulty, and suffered many trials. These have, in part, 
arisen from the scattered condition of its members, from the 
want of missionaries, and from the deaths of some, and the 
removals of others of its clergy. Among those who have 
died, we have painfully to number the Kev. John M. Jones, 
the Rev. Philander Chase, Jr., and the Rev. Roger Searle. 
Those who, have removed out of the Diocese are, the Rev. 
Spencer Wall, the Rm r . Thomas A. Osborne, the Rev. Rufns 
Murray, and the R v. Ezra B. Kellogg. The following 
persons have been admitted to the holy order of Deacons, 
name.ly, John M. Jones, William Sparrow, Gideon M'Mil- 
lan and Cotesworth P. Bronson. Of these, only the Rev. 
Mr. Sparrow has yet received Priest's orders. The Rev. 
Joseph Lanston, from Maryland, has removed into the Dio 
cese, and resides at Troy ; and the Rev. Mr. Freeman, from 
Virginia, has taken charge of Trinity Church, Cleveland. 

Owing to the small number of the clergy, the parochial 
reports exhihit but an imperfect return of the Church in 
Ohio. This return, as nearly as can be ascertained by ref 
erence to the Journals of the last three years, is as follows : 
communicants 763 ; baptisms 506, of whom 41 were adults ; 
confirmations 287. 

A Diocesan Theological Seminary, having the power of 
conferring degrees in the Arts and Sciences, under the name 
and style of " The President and Professors of Kenyon Col 
lege in the State of Ohio/' has been established by the 
ecclesiastical authority, and recognized by the civil legisla 
ture, since the meeting of the last General Convention. It 
is deemed a matter of great importance that this Institution, 
which bids fair to be so extensively useful to the Church in 
the western country, has been placed under the controul and 
supervision of the Bishops and General Convention. By its 
constitution it is declared that nothing can be enacted con 
trary to " the doctrine, discipline, constitution and canons 



164 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, 
and to the course of study prescribed, or to be prescribed, 
by the Bishops." And to carry this into continued effect, 
the Bishops have a visltorial power in their individual and 
collective capacity. 

To found this institution, most benevolent donations have 
been made by pious and liberal friends in England ; than 
which few things excite a deeper sense of gratitude. The 
wholo amount of money collected in that country is nearly 
6000 pounds sterling ; which, although munificent almost 
beyond example ; yet, considering the great end in view, 
namely, the foundation of a literary, as well as a theological 
seminary, is obviously inadequate. A landed estate, giving 
great promise of its future enhancement in value, has been 
purchased in a healthy and central part of the State. 

The magnitude of the undertaking requires, in addition 
to what has been so kindly contributed from abroad, some 
speedy aid from the members of our own Church in America, 
the interests of which it will so essentially subserve. The 
institution is already commenced at the Bishop's residence 
in Worthington. The present number of its students is 30; 
the candidates for orders three. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

The Church in this State has but recently been received 
into union with the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States. 

Though in its infancy, a prospect is presented which af 
fords ample encouragement to the continual exertions of its 
ministers, and the zealous cooperatiog of every member of 
the laity. 

In the vast population which has journeyed to the western 
borders of our country there are to be found many families 
who belong to the communion of our Church, who have been 
educated in its principles, nurtured in its faith, and govern 
ed by its discipline. To such as have been located in this 
Diocese, the happy privilege has been granted of again 
worshipping their God and Redeemer in that " reasonable 
and holy manner which seems agreeable to Scripture, and is 
in accordance" with the ancient custom of the primitive 
Church. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 165 

The short space of four years has only elapsed since the 
regular ministrations were, first performed in this State by a 
clergyman of our communion, the Rev. James Pilmore, and 
that his pious exertions have been blessed, who can doubt 
that contemplates the present growing condition of the 
Church in Mississippi, and believes in the promises of God 
to his faithful people ! There are at present in this Diocese 
four officiating clergymen, three Presbyters and one Deacon, 
and the like number of duly organized congregations. 

The services of the Church are here regularly and statedly 
performed ; the sacraments rightly and duly administered ; 
and the children instructed in, and examined on, the doc 
trines and duties contained in the Catechism, as set forth in 
the Book of Common Prayer. It is also deemed proper to 
observe, that in no case are the rubricks of the Church here 
departed from ; and while the clergy most ardently and earri- 
gstly urge the necessity of a holy life, devotion to God, and 
faith in the merits of the Saviour, as the surest foundations 
of Christian hope, they also regard a strict conformity to the 
prescribed offices of the Church as the best security to the 
continuance of that " unity of spirit, and bond of peace" 
bequeathed to the apostles by the chief Shepherd and Bishop 
of the Church. 

But imperfect returns have been made of the number of 
candidates for orders. They have been received only from 
the Dioceses of Vermont, Connecticut, New York, Penn 
sylvania, Delaware, Maryland, South Carolina and Ohio. 
In these Dioceses it appears that the number of candidates 
for orders is 43. 

In transmitting the preceding statements, the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies solicit for the Church the prayers 
and blessings of the Bishops, and respectfully request their 
counsel in a Pastoral Letter to the members of the Church. 

Signed in behalf of the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties, 

WILLIAM H. WILMER, President. 

PHILADELPHIA, November 14, 1826. 

The following report was received from the joint Commit 
tee on the report of the Trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary : 

The joint Committee of the House of Bishops, and of the 



166 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to whom was referred 
the report of the Trustees of the General Theological Serai- 
nary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, have had the same under consideration, and res 
pectfully 

REPORT, 

That from an examination of the various reports which, 
from time to time, have l>een made upon the progress of the 
Theological Seminary, they have derived the high satisfac 
tion of perceiving that the institution has justified the ex 
pectation of its most sanguine friends, and promises to return, 
in usefulness to the Church, all, and more than oil, that its 
most liberal patrons have contributed to it. 

It never was a question among reflecting men, whether it 
concerned the interest of the Church to possess a body of 
clergymen thoroughly educated in all that regards their sa 
cred calling, and trained by academical instruction to those 
methods of investigating and explaining the sacred Scrip- 
lures, by which her doctrines and her admirable liturgy have 
been as lirmly established in the judgment of the acute and 
inquiring scholar, as they have been in the affections and 
faith of her humblest member. The utility of such a body 
at all times, and its indispensable necessity in times of learn 
ed impiety and scepticism, has always been self-evident. It 
is the glory of the Church of England, that among her pre 
lates and ministers have long been counted, and are now to 
be found the greatest names in every branch of learning, by 
which the sacred volume can be explained, illustrated or de 
fended ; and it has been by their intimate acquaintance 
Avith the language, antiquities, history, connection and ex 
position of the Old and New Testament, and with the faith 
and practice of the primitive Church, and also by their con 
stant preparation for defence, that whenever the enemies of 
Christianity or the Church have invaded either, they have 
been defeated, and put to open shame. 

It was a debt of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, to these fathers of her liturgy, and defenders 
of the Christian faith, to endeavour to raise up worthy suc 
cessors and assistants to them in this western world ; and 
by the blessing of God upon the efforts heretofore made in 
this behalf, it is now, as the Committee humbly hope, no 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 167 

longer doubtful, that the Theological Seminary will educate 
for the work of the ministry, a succession of persons to all 
future time, who shall be accomplished expositors and de 
fenders of the sacred canon, champions of the Church, and 
at the same time humble, pious and faithful followers and 
servants of its divine Master and Head. 

It is with feelings both of gratitude and joy, that the 
Committee are able to state, that of about 440, the supposed 
number of the clergymen of this Church, within the bounds 
of the United States, one seventh part, 62 in number, have 
been students of the General Theological Seminary, who 
have been admitted to holy orders ; and that there are now 
in a course of instruction 30 more, at whose admission to 
orders this Convention will have the delightful recollection, 
and will deem it a cause of fresh gratitude to God, that it 
has encouraged and assisted the academical education of one 
fifth of her ministers, within the space of about nine years. 
An institution thus intimately united with the Church, en 
joying, it is humbly hoped, the smiles of its divine Protector, 
and promising to more than repay the donations of its 
friends,will, it is expected, grow daily in favour with Church 
men ; and will receive, without hesitation, what it will be 
the duty of the Committee to recommend, a further aid to 
place her capital above the reach of invasion, and to enable 
her Trustees to proceed confidently in a scheme which will 
give lustr to our country, and security to our Church. 

The course of education in the Seminary, having contin 
ued to be substantially the same which was reported to the 
last General Convention, and 'the fidelity of the Professors, 
and the proficiency of the Students, having been, in all res 
pects, what was then anticipated, the duty of the Commit 
tee is limited to such a statement of its revenues and ex 
penses as will show the present condition of the finances. 

The present number of students in the Seminary is 30. 

The annual income of the entire property of the Corpo 
ration, exclusive of such parts as are appropriated to par 
ticular Scholarships, and of a sum advanced to the Building 
Fund, and hereafter to be adverted to, is estimated at 
$4,233.33. The ordinary expenditures of the Seminary, 
after the new buildings shall be completed, will, it is sup 
posed, amount to $5,100 ; leaving an annual deficit of 
$866.67. 



168 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

This deficiency, greatly to be lamented, and the conse 
quences of which your Committee hope they will not be 
thought to speak too strongly when they say, must be avert 
ed, arises from the application of a larger sum than was ex 
pected, to the erection of the new building. 

The sum originally intended to be taken, and which was 
taken from the funds of the institution for the building fund, 
was $10,000, the residue of what w?is then thought neces 
sary for that object having been derived from private con 
tributions in New York. But circumstances have called for 
an additional expenditure of $10,000 ; and the Trustees 
have been compelled to agree to an advance of $5,000, part 
of that sum, and to be responsible for the interest on a loan 
of like amount. The deficiency of income is to be traced 
to these circumstances ; for the estimate of the Trustees, 
with great propriety, deducts the advance of $5,000 from 
the productive capital, and charges upon the income the in 
terest of the other $5,000 to be raised on loan. 

If the $10.000 originally taken from the capital be re 
placed, and if the Corporation be relieved from the contem 
plated advance cf $5,000, and from the responsibility for 
$5,000 more, the effect must necessarily be an enlargement 
of the income, to the extent of the interest on $20,000 ; 
and consequently, at six per cent, interest, the revenue will 
exceed the expenditure to the extent of the difference be 
tween $866.67 and $1,200, or $333.33. 

Upon a view of the whole case, the Committee are of 
opinion that the building ought to be considered as debtor 
to the funds of the institution for the sum of $20,000 ; half 
of that amount being an advance of capital and credit by 
the Corporation, under the expectation of a return ; and 
the whole, for the sake of the finances, requiring to be plac 
ed upon that footing. To rescue the institution from em 
barrassment, and to raise her above solicitude for necessary 
revenue, the Committee are of opinion that this Convention 
should recommend to the friends of the Church throughout 
the United States, to contribute to raise a fund of $20,000 
for the building of the General Theological Seminary ; and 
to enable the building fund to relieve the productive funds 
of the institution, by replacing one half of that amount, 
and by discharging the advance and responsibility for the 
other half. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 169 

This appeal to the friends of the Church can be made 
upon that basis only, on which all similar recommendations 
of this body must stand. They cannot demand any part of 
it. They have no authority to assess or apportion.it among 
or upon the different Dioceses in the union, according to any 
ratio, either of extent, numbers or affluence. They are per 
haps fortunately destitute of all power in this regard, except 
the moral power which must attend every recommendation 
of such a scheme of charity, by such a body as the Legisla 
ture of the Protestant Episcopal Church. And who can 
resist this ? Most charities are consumed in the use. They 
are like the annual flowers of the field ; there remains lit 
tle after them but the recollection of their beauty and grate 
ful fragrance. But the endowment of a seat of learning, 
and above all, of Christian learning, is the planting of a 
tree whose fruits are perennial, whose roots strike deeply into 
the soil, and whose branches, spreading over the earth, and 
shooting up into the skies, continue from year to year, and 
from age to age, to re-produce and to commemorate the gift. 
Your Committee cannot believe that such a recommenda 
tion of such a charity will go without its effect ; and al 
though no apportionment of the necessary sum is entitled 
to be regarded as any thing more than a speculative state 
ment, they cannot retrain from saying, that if the different 
Dioceses shall contribute to the building fund, in the ratio 
of about $50 for each clergyman of the Church within their 
limits, the sum of $20,000 will probably be raised, in addi 
tion to the expenses of agency and collection ; and it is 
some encouragement to learn, that besides the sums which 
have been contributed to the building by persons within the 
Diocese of New York, ($10,000 having been already paid 
for that purpose, in addition to the contributions to the 
general fund,) the members of the Church within the same 
Diocese have agreed to raise $5,000 of the $20,000 now 
deficient. 

The Committee, therefore, taking into consideration the 
necessities qf the Seminary, the resolution of the Board of 
Trustees requesting this Convention to designate the amount 
to be raised in each Diocese, and their appointment of two 
of the alumni of the Seminary to procure additional sub 
scriptions and donations, do submit the following resolu 
tion: 



170 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That it be recommended to 
the friends of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, to assist in raising the sum of $20,000 for 
the building fund of the General Theological Seminary, in 
the proportion, as near as convenient, of $50 for each cler 
gyman of the Church ; and that the efforts of the churches 
in the different Dioceses should continue to be made for the 
enlargement of the general funds of the Seminary, and for 
the establishment of Scholarships. 

Signed by order and in behalf of the joint Committee, 

HORACE BINNEY, 
Secretary to the Committee. 

On motion, the above report was accepted, and the reso 
lution therein contained adopted ; and they were ordered to 
be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Committee on the Theological Seminary made the 
following 

REPORT. 

The Committee of this House on the Theological Semi 
nary report in part : That it appears the Dioceses of Maine, 
New Hampshire, Vermont, Ohio and Mississippi, have not 
nominated any Trustees ; that, the Diocese of Connecticut 
is entitled to seven Trustees, New York to thirty-one, New 
Jersey to three, Pennsylvania to nine, Delaware to one, 
Maryland to nine, North Carolina to four, Georgia to one, 
which have been duly nominated ; that Virginia, having 
forty clergymen, is entitled to six, but has nominated only 
five Trustees ; that Massachusetts, Rhode Island and South 
Carolina nominated to the last General Convention the 
Trustees to which they were then entitled ; and that the 
said Dioceses are still entitled to the same number ; and 
that, according to the constitution, the same Trustees con 
tinue in office until their successors are appointed. The 
Trustees of the said Dioceses, therefore, are as follows : 

MASSACHUSETTS. The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D., the 
Rev. James Morse, D. D., Gardiner Green, David Sears. 4. 

RHODE ISLAND. The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, the Rev. 
Nathan B. Crocker. 2. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. The Rev. Paul T. Gervais, the Rev 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 171 

Christian Hanckel, the Kev. Allston Gibbes, the Rev. Chris 
topher E. Gadsden, D. D., Thomas Lowndes, William Hey- 
ward, D. E. Huger. 7. 

Your Committee recommend that the nominations now- 
made of Trustees be confirmed, as follows : 

CONNECTICUT. The Rev. Daniel Burhans, the Rev. Tru 
man Marsh, the Rev. Harry Croswell, the Rev. Birdsey G. 
Noble ; Nathan Smith, Esq., Burage Beach, Esq., and 
Samuel W. Johnson, Esq. 7. 

NEW YORK. The Rev. William Harris, D. D., the Rev. 
David Butler, the Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., the Rev. Wil 
liam Berrian, the Rev. John M'Vicar, D. D., the Rev. James 
Milnor, D. D., the Rev. W T illiam Creighton, the Rev. Henry 
IT. Onderdonk, M. D., the Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, D. 
D., the Rev. Henry Anthon, the Rev. Lucius Smith, the Rev. 
John Reed, D. P., the Rev. Grin Clark, the Rev. William B. 
Lacey, the Rev. Francis H. Cuming ; Wright Post, M. D., 
Nehemiah Rogers, David S. Jones, Esq., Henry M'Farlan, 
Thomas S. Townsend, Esq., Edward R. Jones, Stephen 
Warren, Esq., Robert Troup, Esq., Thomas L. Ogden, Esq., 
Isaac Lawrence, Esq., David E. Evans, Esq., Jacob Lorril- 
lard, the Hon. James Emott, the Hon. Nathan Williams, 
John C. Spencer, Esq., William Johnson, Esq. 31. 

NEW JERSEY. The Rev. John Croes, Jr., the Rev. Wil 
liam L. Johnson, Peter Kean, Esq. 3. 

PENNSYLVANIA. The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., the 
Rev. Jackson Kemper, the Rev. James Montgomery, the 
Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, the Rev. John Rodney, Jr., 
the Hon. William Tilijhman, the Hon. David Scott, John 
Read, Esq., Dr. P. Mowry. 9. 

DELAWARE. His Excellency Samuel Paynter. 1. 

MARYLAND. The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., the 
Rev. John Johns, the Rev. John P. K. Heushaw, the Hon. 
Judge Brice, John B. Eccleston, Alexander C. Magruder, 
Francis S. Key, John C. Herbert and Tench Tilghman, 
Esq's. 9. 

VIRGINIA. The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., the Rev. 
William Meade, the Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, Dr. Carter 
Berkley, Mr. Philip Nelson. 5. 

NORTH CAROLINA. The Rev. John A very, the Rev. Ad 
am Empie, the Hon. Duncan Cameron, Josiah Collins, 
Esq. 4. 



172 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL 1 CONVENTION. [1826. 

GEORGIA. The Kev. Abiel Carter. 1. 

Your Committee further recommend that the resolution 
referred to them be adopted, as follows : 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of the General Conven 
tion that no Diocese is entitled to nominate Trustees of the 
General Theological Seminary, on account of monies sub 
scribed but not paid. 

Whereupon, on motion, Resolved, That the report be 
accepted ; that the nominations therein contained be con 
firmed ; and that the resolution recommended be passed. 

The following resolution was then passed, and sent to the 
House of Bishops : 

Resolved by this Convention, the House of Bishops con 
curring therein, That the joint Committee on the report 
of the Trustees of the General Theological Seminar}' be re 
quested to direct the manner in which the report made by 
that Committee shall be published, with a view to giving it 
general notoriety among the members of the Church through 
out the United States ; and that the Secretary of this House 
be directed to take measures in this behalf accordingly. 

The message received from the House of Bishops yester 
day on the subject of the report of the Committee on the 
Psalms and Hymns in metre, was then called up. 

A resolution was then offered that this House concur with 
the House of Bishops. 

The following substitute was then proposed : 

Resolved, That it be made known to the Conventions 
of the several Dioceses or States, that it is proposed to ad 
opt, at the next General Convention, the alterations in the 
present Hymns, and the additional Hymns, proposed by the 
Committee on the Psalms and Hymns in metre, as allowed 
to be sung in this Church. And Resolved farther, That, 
until the said Convention, the said additional Hymns may 
be used in this Church ; provided that no definite ratifica 
tion of them take place until they shall have been approved 
by the next Convention. 

On motion, the consideration of the above substitute was 
postponed, when the following resolution was introduced : 

Resolved, That the Psalms and Hymns in metre are not, 
in the opinion of this House, a part of the Book of Com 
mon Prayer, or offices of the Church. Provided, neverthe- 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 173 

less, that they shall be of authority and binding until duly 
altered or amended. 

Kesolved, That the above resolution lie on the table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
stating their concurrence with this House in accepting the 
report of the joint Committee on the report of the Trustees 
of the General Theological Seminary, and passing the reso 
lution annexed thereto. 

The Committee on Canons reported sundry canon. , which 
were ordered to lie on the table and be printed. 

The following was received from the House of Bishops : 

'' Extract from the minutes of the House of Bishops. 

" A report on the state of the Church was received from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, which having been 
read, on motion, Resolved, That the House of Bishops 
return to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the doc 
uments on the state of the Church. They assure the House 
of their prayers, as requested ; and they inform the House 
that a Pastoral Letter is ready, and will be sent to them 
when to them it shall be convenient." 

Resolved, That the House of Bishops be respectfully in 
formed that this House will be happy to receive their Pas 
toral Letter this evening. 

The House adjourned until six o'clock this evening. 

Six o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

The Pastoral Letter of the House of Bishops to the mem 
bers of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States having been sent down to this House, was read. 

The resolution offered this morning, declaring the Psalms 
and Hymns in metre no part of the Book of Common Prayer 
or offices of the Church r and laid upon the table, was called 
up and passed. 

The substitute for the resolutions of the House of Bishops, 
relative to the report of the Committee on the Psalms and 
Hymns in metre, proposed this morning, was called up, con 
sidered, and lost. 

The resolution to concur with the House of Bishops was 
then called up. 

On motion, Resolved, That the votes thereon be taken 
by ayes and noes. 



174 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

The ayes and noes, being called for accordingly, were as 
follows : 

AYES : The Kev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. Smith, the 
Rev. Mr. Cutler, the Rev. Mr. Edson, the Rev. Mr. N. S. 
Wheaton, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, the Rev.' Mr. Clark, the Rev. 
Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Mr. Morel louse, the Rev. Mr. Dunn, 
the Rev. Mr. Kemper, the Rev. Mr. Montgomery, the Rev. 
Mr. Hopkins, the Rev. Mr. Presstman, the Rev. Mr. Wil- 
liston, the Rev. Dr. Wvatt, the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, the Rev. 
Dr. Clowes, the Rev. Dr. Wilmer, the Rev. Mr. Meacle, the 
Rev. Mr. M'Guire, the Rev. Mr. Hatch, the Rev. Mr. Avery, 
the Rev. Mr. R. S. Mason, the Rev. Mr. Carter, the Rev. 
Mr. Morse, the Rev. Mr. Johnston, Mr. Codman, Mr. New 
ton, Mr. A. Jones, Mr. Boardman, Mr. Jackson, Judge 
Williams, Mr. Stiles, Mr. Read, Judge Johns, Mr. Key, Mr. 
Tilghman, Mr. Eccleston, Dr. Berkeley, Mr. Nelson, Mr. 
Garnett, Mr. Mayo, Mr. G-. Jones. 44. 

NOES : The Rev. Mr. Boyle, the Rev. Mr. Croswell, the 
Rev. Mr. Burhans, the Rev. Mr. Sherwood, the Rev. Mr. But 
ler, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. 
Mr. Green, the Rev. Mr. H. M. Mason, the Rev. Dr. Gads- 
den, the Rev. Mr. Barlow, the ReV. Mr. Adams, the Rev. 
Mr. Muller, Mr. Clark, Mr. Binney, Mr. Meredith, Col. 
Drayton. 17. 

And so it was Resolved, That this House concur with 
the House of Bishops. 

The resolutions received from the House of Bishops on 
Saturday, respecting certain changes in the order for reading 
the Psalter and Lessons, in the office of Confirmation, and 
in the rubrick at the end of the Communion service, were 
then called up for consideration. 

A resolution was offered that the consideration of the 
subject be indefinitely postponed ; ttnd lost. 

The House adjourned until nine o'clock to-morrow 
morning. 

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning prayer was read by the Bev. Daniel Burhans, of 
Connecticut. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday morning and 
evening were read and approved. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 175 

The resolutions received from the House of Bishops on 
the subject of the Psalter, &c., being under consideration, it 
was moved to postpone the consideration of them for the 
purpose of considering the following resolution : 

Resolved, the House of Bishops concurring, That a joint 

Committee to consist of Bishops, and three Clerical 

and three Lay Delegates of this House, be appointed, to 
which Committee shall be referred the proposed alterations 
in the Liturgy ; and that the said Committee report such 
alterations therein, if any, as they may deem expedient, in 
such form as will admit of their being acted upon by the next 
Convention. 

A division of this resolution being called for, the question 
was put on the resolution to postpone ; and it was lost. 

A resolution was then offered to divide the message of the 
Bishops, so as to consider each resolution by itself; and lost. 
, Whereupon the question was put on the whole of the res 
olutions as received from the House of Bishops ; and the 
ayes and noes being called for, they stood as follows : 

AYES : The Rev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. Smith, the 
Rev. Mr. Cutler, the Rev. Mr. N. S. Wheaton, the Rev. Mr. 
Butler, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the 
Rev. Mr. Clark, the R^v. Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Mr. More- 
house, the Rev. Mr. Kemper, the Rev. Mr. Montgomery, 
the Rev. Mr. Clay, the Rev. Mr. Presstman, the Rev. Mr. 
Williston. the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, the 
Rev. Mr. Jackson, the Rev. Dr. Wilmer, the Rev. Mr. 
Meade, the Rev. Mr. M'Guire, the Rev. Mr. Hatch, the 
Rev. Mr. A very, the Rev. Mr. Carter ; Mr. Codman, Mr. 
Newton, Mr. A. Jones, Mr. Jackson, Judge Williams, Mr. 
Binney, Mr. Stiles, Mr. Read, Judge Johns, Mr. Key, Mr. 
Tilghman, Mr. Eccleston, Dr. Berkeley, Mr. Nelson, Mr. G. 
Jones. 39. 

NOES : The Rev. Mr. Boyle, the Rev. Mr. Croswell, the 
Rev. Mr. Burhans, the Rev. Mr. Sherwood, the Rev. Mr. 
Croes, the Rev. Mr. Dunn, the Rev. Mr. Hopkins, the Rev. 
Mr. Green, the Rev. Mr. R. S. Mason, the Rev. Mr. H. M. 
Mason, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. Mr. Barlow, the 
Rev. Mr. Adams, the Rev. Mr. Morse, the Rev. Mr. Muller, 
Mr. Boardman, Mr. Clark, Mr. Meredith, Col. Drayton. 19. 

And so it was Resolved, That this House concur in the 
resolutions of the House of Bishops. 



176 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

The Committee appointed to confer with the House of 
Bishops on the subject of the time and place of the meeting 
of the next Convention, reported, as the result of their con 
ference, that the second Wednesday in August, 1829, at half 
past ten o'clock, A. M., was recommended as the time, and 
the city of Philadelphia as the place, of the said meeting. 

It was then Resolved, That the report of the Committee 
be divided. 

The question was then put on the proposed time, and it 
was Resolved, That the second Wednesday in August, 
1829, at half past ten o'clock, A. M., be the time of the meet 
ing of the next Convention. 

The question w;is then put on the proposed place, and it 
was Resolved, That the city of Philadelphia be the place 
of the meeting of the next Convention. 

The report of the Committee, therefore, was adopted by 
this House, and information thereof sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a proposed resolution of the Convention, that on 
future occasions, it will be expedient to abstain from return 
ing thanks for the sermons preached at the opening of Con 
ventions ; it being understood that the said sermons are to 
be published. 

On motion, it was Resolved, That this House "concur 
with the House of Bishops in the said resolution. 
. A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a report from the joint Committee appointed by 
the last Convention, to obtain information relative to semi 
naries of learning, &c., and a request from the said Committee 
to be continued ; and also the acceptance of the said report 
by the House of Bishops, and a proposal to grant the request. 

Whereupon, on motion, Resolved, That this House con 
cur with the House of Bishops in accepting the report of the 
Committee, and granting the request therein contained. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating the adoption by that House of the report of the 
joint Committee on the General Theological Seminary ; 
and its concurrence in the resolution of this House relative 
to the publication of the said report. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating the concurrence of the said House in the nomina- 



[1826. JOURNAL OF f HE GENERAL CONVENTION. 177 

tion of the Trustees of the General Theological Seminary ; 
and in the resolution of this House concerning moneys sub 
scribed to the said Seminary, but not paid. 

It was then, on motion, Resolved, That it be referred to 
the Bishops, and in those Dioceses where there are no Bish 
ops, to the Standing Committees, to inquire in their respec 
tive Dioceses, and to consider for themselves, concerning the 
expediency of establishing a General Tract Society, to be 
conducted under the superintendence of the Bishops ; and 
to report to the next General Convention. 

The Committee on proposed canons made a report, pro 
posing amendments to certain canons which had been re 
ferred to them, and the passage of certain other canons. 

On motion, Resolved, That the consideration of the re 
port of the Committee on canons be postponed for the pur 
pose of considering the following resolution : Resolved by 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the House of Bish 
ops concurring, That a joint Committee of this House and 
the House of Bishops, be appointed to revise the canons of 
this Church, and to prepare such alterations, amendments, 
and additions, as they may deem expedient ; and that the 
said Committee report to the next General Convention. 

Whereupon, the above resolution was passed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating the concurrence of that House in adopting the 
report of the joint Committee on the subject of the time 
and place of the meeting of the next Convention. 

The House adjourned until 6 o'clock this evening. 

Six o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

The minutes of the proceedings this morning were read 
and approved. 

The Committee appointed to attend to the publication of 
Bishop Bowen's Sermon reported, that the sermon had been 
published accordingly. 

Whereupon it was, on motion, Resolved, That each 
member of the Convention be furnished with a copy. 

On motion, Resolved, That two members of this House 
be placed on the joint Committee appointed by the last Con 
vention, and continued by this, on the subject of seminaries 
of learning, in the stead of the Rev. Mr. Hooper, who has 



178 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

ceased to be a minister of this Church, and Mr. Wilkins, 
who is absent from the country. 

On motion, Resolved, That the President of this House 
l>e one of the members thus appointed. 

The Rev. Dr. Onderdonk was also appointed on the said 
Committee. So that the members of the said Committee 
appointed by this House, are Peter Kean, Esq., the Rev. 
Charles H. Whnrton, D. D., the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, the 
Bev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., and the Rev. Benjamin 
T. Onderdonk, D. D. 

The following resolution was then adopted, and sent to 
the House of Bishops : 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That it be made known to 
the several State Conventions of this Church, that it is pro 
posed to consider of, and determine on, at the next General 
Convention, the propriety of altering the second clause of 
the eighth article of the Constitution of this Church, by ad 
ding the words, or the articles of religion, after the words, 
" other offices of the Church." 

The following resolution was then passed, and sent to the 
House of Bishops : 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That a joint Committee of 
both Houses be appointed, to consider of the expediency of 
obtaining a copyright for the work usually entitled the 
Book of Common Prayer, comprehending the entire work so 
called, and also for the Hymns recently allowed by this Con 
vention ; and if they shall deem it expedient, to take order 
for carrying the same into effect. v And for this purpose this 
Convention does hereby transfer to the said Committee all 
its interest in the premises, to the intent that it may make 
the requisite assignment thereof, to any person or persons, 
the proceeds whereof are to be held by the Committee for 
such purposes as a future Convention shall prescribe. 

The Standing Committee on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society, to whom was referred the report of the 
directors of the said society, made the following report : 

The Standing Committee on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society beg leave to report, that having examined 
the report of the Board of Directors, and also the records of 
the proceedings of the Executive Committee for the three 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 179 

years last past, they find that something has been done 
towards the accomplishment of the objects of the society, 
by the establishment of domestic missions within the terri 
tories of the United States, and the forming of auxiliary so 
cieties in several different Dioceses ; but they regret to find 
that no missionary has yet been sent from this institution 
to any foreign land. The Committee are persuaded that 
this has not arisen from an unwillingness to encourage for 
eign missions on the part of the members of our Church, be 
cause it appears that a large proportion of the funds which 
have come into the treasury was contributed for this par 
tictilar object ; nearly $2000 having been subscribed for a 
mission to the western coast of Africa, and other considera 
ble sums for establishing missions in other parts of the world. 
Nor are the Committee willing to believe that the failure to 
establish a foreign mission or missions, has arisen from any 
indifference to that important object, or unwillingness to 
carry into effect the designs of the General Convention, on 
the part of the Board of Directors, or of the Executive Com 
mittee ; but they are disposed to attribute it to unpropitious 
circumstances, which neither of those bodies could control. 

The Committee, however, are unanimously of opinion, 
that regard to the reputation and interests of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, as well as justice to 
the benevolent intentions of the General Convention which 
formed the society, and to the many friends who have con 
tributed to its support, demand that missionaries should, 
without delay, be sent from this Church to foreign lands, to 
be her agents in promoting the Redeemer's glory and fulfill 
ing that solemn command which is no less obligatory on us 
than it was on those to whom it was originally addressed, 
" Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every 
creature/' 

In concluding this report, the Committee recommend the 
Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society to the prayers of 
the friends of religion, and offer the following resolutions to 
be adopted by this House : 

Resolved, That the Board of Directors of the Domestic 
and Foreign Missionary Society be requested to establish, 
and as soon as possible occupy, a missionary station at Li 
beria, the American colony on the western coast of Africa, 
and also at Buenos Ayres, or its vicinity, in South America. 



180 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

Resolved further, That the several Bishops of this Church 
be respectfully requested to recommend in their respective 
Dioceses, such measures as they may deem proper, for col 
lecting funds for this society, and rendering its operations 
effective. 

On motion, the above report was accepted, and the reso 
lutions therein contained passed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating the concurrence of that House in the proposition 
for altering the eighth article of the Constitution. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence in the resolution of this House 
relative to the appointment of a joint Committee of the two 
Houses to revise the canons, and proposing an additional 
resolution on the same subject. 

Whereupon, it was, on motion, Resolved, That this 
House concur with the House of Bishops in the additional 
resolution proposed by that House. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper, the Rev. Mr. Henshaw, the Rev. 
Mr. Croswell, Judge Williams, Mr. Binney, and Mr. Eccles- 
ton, were appointed on the said joint Committee on the part 
of this House. 

The Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, and Mr. 
William R. Whittingham, were appointed a Committee to 
superintend the printing of the Journal, Pastoral Letter, arid 
other documents ; and notice of this appointment sent to the 
House of Bishops ; who communicated to this House, that 
they had appointed the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, and their 
Secretary, the Rev. Mr. De Lancey, a Committee for the 
same purpose, on the part of that House. 

The following resolution was passed, and sent to the 
House of Bishops : 

Resolved, That the Committee on the subject of errors in 
editions of the Holy Bible printed from the standard edition 
of this Church, be authorized to procure a copy of the said 
standard edition. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary be authorized 
to employ an assistant, who shall transcribe the minutes, 
papers, and proceedings of this House into the record book, 
under the direction of the Secretary ; and that he be au 
thorized to defray the expenses out of the contingent fund. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat- 



1826.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 181 

ing their non-concurrence in the resolution of this House 
relative to a copyright of the Book of Common Prayer, and 
of the Hymns, and proposing a substitute therefor. 

Whereupon, on motion, Kesolved, That this House non 
concur in the substitute proposed by the House of Bishops, 
and request a conference on the subject with that House. 

The above resolution having been sent to the House of 
Bishops, they communicated their concurrence in the pro 
position for a conference, and that they had appointed the 
Eight Rev. Bishop Hobart, and the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, 
to manage the conference on the part of that House. 

Mr. Binney, and the Rev. Mr. R. S. Mason, were appoint 
ed for the same purpose on the part of this House. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence in the resolution authorizing 
the purchase of a copy of the standard edition of the Holy 
Bible. 

The following resolution, reported by the joint Committee 
on the subject of a copyright of the Book of Common Prayer, 
and the Hymns, was read, adopted, and sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

Resolved, That ajoint Committee of both Houses be ap 
pointed to obtain a copyright for the Hymns recently allow 
ed by this Convention. And for this purpose, this Conven 
tion does hereby transfer to the said Committee, all its in 
terest in the premises, to the intent that they may make the 
requisite assignment thereof, for the term of one year, to any 
person or persons, and upon the terms they may deem expe 
dient ; the proceeds to be applied to the payment of the ex 
penses which have been incurred by the Committee on 
Hymns, in the publication of sundry proposed hymns, and 
the surplus, if any, to be subject to the appropriation of a 
future Convention. And Resolved further, That so much 
of any former resolution of this Convention, as regards the 
copyright of the said Hymns be, and the same is hereby re 
scinded. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stating 
that they also had adopted the above resolution, and ap 
pointed the presiding Bishop on the part of their House. 

The Rev. Mr. Kemper, Mr. Meredith, and Mr. Binney, 
were appointed on the part of this House. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this House be 



182 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

presented to the President, the Secretary, and the Assistant 
Secretary, for the services rendered by them respectively, 
during the present session. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton was appointed to wait on the 
House of Bishops, and inform them that this House is now 
ready to rise, and respectfully request the Bishops to unite 
with them, and close the session of the Convention with 
suitable acts of devotion, and their benediction. 

The House of Bishops then joined this House. The pre 
siding Bishop delivered a short address ; and read appropri 
ate collects and prayers from the Liturgy. The two Houses 
united in singing the 133d Psalm in metre. The benedic 
tion was pronounced by the presiding Bishop. When the 
Bishops retired, and the House adjourned sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

WILLIAM H. WILMEB, President. 
Attested, 

BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, Secretary. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



IjonsF of jBi 





PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, Nov. 7, 1826. 

10 o'clock, A. M. 

being the day appointed for the meeting of 
the General Convention of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States of America ; 
and agreeably to a resolution of the last General Conven 
tion, Philadelphia being the appointed place of meeting, 
the Right Rev, William White, D. D , of Pennsylvania ; 
the Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., of New York ; 
the Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., of the 
Eastern Diocese ; the Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D., of 
Maryland ; the Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., of New Jer 
sey ; the Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of South 
Carolina ; the Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D., of Ohio ; 
and the Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., of North. 
Carolina attended divine service in St. Peter's Church. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Christopher E. 
Gadsden, D. D., of South Carolina ; and a sermon was 
preached by^ie Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of 
South Carolina. After which the communion was adminis 
tered by the Right Rev. William White, D. D. of Pennsyl 
vania ; assisted by the Right Rev. John Henry Hohart, D. 
D., of New York ; the Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold^ 
D. D., of the Eastern Diocese ; \and the Right Rev. James 
Kemp D. D., of Maryland. After divine service the Bish- 

183. 



184 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

ops assembled in the Vestry-Room of St. Peter's Church. 

The Right Rev. Richard Charming Moore, D. D., of Vir 
ginia, was detained from the Convention by sickness. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, seconded by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, the Rev. William H. DeLan- 
cey, of Pennsylvania, was appointed Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary inform the 
President of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that 
the House of Bishops have appointed the Rev. Willi.iru H. 
De Lancey their Secretary, and are now organized and ready 
to proceed to business. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, through the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, and William 
Meredith, Esq., that the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
had chosen the Rev. William H.' Wilnier, D. D., of Virginia, 
their President, and the Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D.D. 
of New York, their Secretary ; and that they were now or 
ganized and ready to proceed to business. 

On motion, Resolved, That the House of Bishops will at 
tend morning prayer with the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies every morning during the session of this Conven 
tion, and that the Secretary inform the other House of this 
intention, and also of the fact, that this House have adjourned 
until to-morrow morning at half past nine o^lock. 

WEDNESDAY, 8tli Nov., 1826, half past 9 o'clock. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, seconded by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Croes, Resolved, That the thanks of 
this House be given to the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen for the 
sermon preached at the opening of the Convention ; and that 
he be requested to furnish a copy for publication. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that the two pews on the riglvftof the Chair 
had bet-n appropriated to the use of the Bishops whenever 
they wish to attend the sittings of that House. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Bowen asked and had leave of 
absence. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D., 
of the Diocese of Connecticut, appeared and took his seat. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 185 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing a joint Committee relative to the 
notification of errors in editions of the Bible printed under 
the operation of the 2d canon of 1823 ; which was ordered 
to be laid upon the table. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Hobart presented the report of 
the Trustees of the General Theological Seminary ; which 
was read and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. [For this report see the Appendix.] 



THURSDAY, 9th Nov. 1826, half past 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday, except the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, 
of South Carolina. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

The House of Bishops were informed, that the absence of 
their Right Rev. Brother, the Bishop of the Diocese of South- 
Carolina, was occasioned by intelligence of the death of his 
daughter ; 

Whereupon it was Resolved, That a Committee be ap 
pointed to wait upon Bishop Bowen, and to express to him 
the deep condolence of his Brethren with him in this afflictive 
dispensation of Providence. 

The Right Rev. Bishops Hobart and Croes were appointed 
the Committee, and had leave of absence for the purpose. 
After their return, 

On motion, the House took up the resolution received yes 
terday from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, relative 
to the appointment of a joint Committee, to whom may be 
communicated all errors, if any, in the editions of the Bible 
printed under the operation of the 2d canon of 1823, and 
concurred in it. The Right Rev. Bishop White, and the 
Right Rev. Bishop Croes, were appointed a Committee on 
the part of this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies to the following purport, viz., 

" Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, That 
the Church in the State of Mississippi be received into union 
with the General Convention." 



186 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

Whereupon Resolved, That a Committee be appointed 
to ascertain if the Church in the State of Mississippi nas com 
plied with the constitutional requisitions necessary to its ad 
mission into union with the General Convention ; and tore- 
port. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Kemp, and the Right Rev. Bishop 
Chase were appointed the Committee. 

The House then adjourned until to-morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, 10th Nov., 1826, half past 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met, and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Bo wen appeared and took his 
seat. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing a joint Committee on the report of 
the Trustees ot the General Theological Seminary ; which 
was ordered to be laid on the table. 

The following resolution was received from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, and ordered to be laid upon the 
table: 

Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, That 
the next meeting of the General Convention be held on the 
second Wednesday in October, 1829, at half past 10 o'clock, 
A. M. 

On motion of the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, a canon 
" Relative to the Admission and Conduct of Candidates for 
Orders ;" and on motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, 
a canon "Regulating the Admission of persons as Candi 
dates for Holy Orders, and the time in which they are to 
continue Candidates before their Ordination :" were adopt 
ed, and ordered to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies for their concurrence. 

The presiding Bishop proposed a canon "for determining 
the Sights and Duties of Presbyters and Deacons in respect 
to residence and accountability ;" which was ordered to be 
laid upon the table. 

On motion, the House took up the resolution received this 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 187 

morning from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, pro 
posing a joint Committee on the report of the Trustees of 
the General Theological Seminary ; and concurred in it. 

The Eight Rev. Bishops Hobart, Kemp, and Croes, were 
appointed the Committee on the part of this House. 

The Committee appointed on the communication of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, respecting the admis 
sion of the Church in the State of Mississippi into union with 
the General Convention, reported the following resolution, 
which was adopted : 

Resolved, That the House of Bishops concur in the reso 
lution of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, admitting 
the Church in the State of Mississippi into union with the 
General Convention. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, of South Carolina, asked 
and had leave of absence during the remainder of the session 
of the Convention, on account of a recent domestic afflic 
tion. 

The House then adjourned until to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, Nov. llth, 1826, half past 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met, and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday, except the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, 
of South Carolina. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, Resolved, 
That the House of Bishops propose the following pream 
bles and resolutions to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties : 

The House of Bishops, deeply solicitous to perserve un 
impaired the Liturgy 01 the Church, and yet desirous to re 
move the reasons alleged from the supposed length of the ser 
vice, for the omission of some of its parts, and particularly 
for the omission of that part of the communion office, which 
is commonly called the ante-communion, do unanimously 
propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the fol 
lowing resolutions, to be submitted to the several State Con 
ventions, in order to be acted upon at the next General Con 
vention, agreeably to the eighth article of the Constitution. 



188 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

1. Resolved, That in " The order how the Psalter is ap 
pointed to be read," the following be added to the fourth 
paragraph " or any other psalm or psalms, except on those 
days on which proper psalms are appointed :" so that the 
whole paragraph will read as follows : " The minister, in 
stead of reading from the Psalter as divided for daily morn 
ing and evening prayer may read one of the selections set 
out by this Church, or any otiier psalm or psalms, except on 
those days on which ' proper psalms' are appointed." 

2. Resolved, That in " The order how the rest of the holy 
Scripture is appointed to be read," the following be inserted 
after the fifth paragraph : " The minister may, at his discre 
tion, instead of the entire lessons, read suitable portions 
thereof, not less than fifteen verses. And on other days 
than Sundays and holy days, in those places where morning 
and evening prayer is not daily used, he may read other 
portions of the Old and New Testament, instead of the pre 
scribed lessons ; it being recommended that, unless circum 
stances render it inexpedient, on the stated prayer days of 
Wednesdays and Fridays, the lessons for those days, or for 
one of the intervening days, be read." 

The Bishops, in the use of the office of Confirmation, find 
ing that the preface is frequently not well suited to the age 
and character of those who are presented for this holy ordi 
nance, unanimously propose the following resolution : 

3. Resolved, That after the present preface in the office 
of Confirmation, the following be inserted, to be used instead 
of the former, at the discretion of the Bishop : " It appears 
from holy Scripture, that the apostles laid their hands on 
those who were baptized ; and this ordinance, styled by the 
apostle Paul, the ' laying on of hands/ and ranked by him 
among the principles of the doctrine of Christ, has been re 
tained in the Church, under the name of Confirmation ; and 
is very convenient, and proper to be observed, to the end 
that persons being sufficiently instructed in what they prom 
ised, or what was promised for them in their baptism, and 
being, in other respects, duly qualified, may themselves, with 
their own month and consent, openly before the Church, 
ratify and confirm the same, and also promise, that by the 
grace of God, they will evermore endeavour themselves 
faithfully to observe such things aa they, by their own con 
fession, have assented unto." 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 189 

And to correct the injurious misapprehension, as to the 
meaning of certain terms, in the first collect in the office of 
Confirmation, the Bishops unanimously propose the follow 
ing resolution : 

4. Besolved, That after the first collect in the office of 
Confirmation, the following be inserted, to be used at the dis 
cretion of the Bishop, instead of the first collect, " Almighty 
and everliving God, who hast vouchsafed, in baptism, to re 
generate these thy servants, by water and the Holy Ghost ; 
thus giving them a title to all the blessings of thy covenant 
of grace and mercy, in thy Son Jesus Christ, and now dost 
graciously confirm unto them, ratifying the promises then 
made, all their holy privileges ; grant unto them, we beseech 
thee, Lord, the renewing of the Holy Ghost ; strengthen 
them with the power of this divine Comforter ; and daily 
increase in them thy manifold gifts of grace, the spirit of 
wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and ghostly 
strength, the spirit of knowledge and true godliness, and fill 
them, Lord, with the spirit of thy holy fear, now and for 
ever. Amen." 

And ivhereas, in the opinion of the Bishops, there is no 
doubt as to the obligation of ministers to say, on all Sundays 
and other holy days, that part of the communion office which 
is commonly called the ante-communion, yet as the practice 
of some of the clergy is not conformable to this construction 
of the rubric on this point, the House of Bishops propose 
the following resolution : 

5. Resolved, That the following be adopted as a substi 
tute for the first sentence in the rubric, immediately after the 
communion office : 

" On all Sundays and other holy days, shall be said, all that 
is appointed at the communion, unto the end of the Gospel, 
concluding divine service, in all cases when there is a sermon 
or communion, and when there is not, with the blessing." 

The Bight Rev. Bishop Brownell, of Connecticut, asked 
and had leave of absence during the remainder of the session 
of the Convention, on account of sickness in his family. 

The House took up the canon offered yesterday by the 
presiding Bishop, and adopted it, and ordered it to be sent 
to the other House for their concurrence. 

The presiding Bishop presented the second Triennial Re 
port of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 



190 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, which 
was ordered to be sent to the other House. 

The House then adjourned until Monday morning. 



MONDAY, Nov. 13th, 1826, half past 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met, and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as on Saturday, except the Eight Kev. Bishop 
Brownell, of Connecticut. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Croes presented the report of the 
Committee of Publication, appointed by the last General 
Convention, which was read, accepted, and sent to the other 
House. 

It is as follows : 

The Committee of Publication appointed by the last Con 
vention, beg leave respectfully to 

REPORT, 

That among the objects of their appointment was the 
printing of a report containing " the Constitution of the 
Church as it was originally adopted in 1789, and the Canons, 
in the order in which they were adopted, noticing in italics 
the alterations in, and additions thereto." 

The object of this, your Committee conceived to be, a 
complete set of all the canons passed in 1789, and from that 
time to the year 1820 inclusive. This had been done in the 
volume of Journals, &c. published in Philadelphia, in 1817. 

The publication contemplated, also, would form a pamph 
let or volume, so large as to involve no inconsiderable ex 
pense. For this your Committee found themselves totally 
unprovided. A proposition was made by the Messrs. T. & 
J. Swords, in the city of New York, that they would publish, 
on their own account, under the superintendence of your 
Committee, the Constitution, and a complete set of the Can 
ons, now in force ; and accompany them with such notices, 
exhibiting the history of legislation in this Church, as the 
Committee might prepare. Your Committee, therefore, be 
lieving that this measure was the nearest practicable ap 
proximation to the duty on this subject, which was com 
mitted to them, acceded to the proposal of the Messrs. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 191 

Swords, and had printed at their office the edition of the 
Constitution, Canons, &c., of which a copy is herewith pre 
sented to the Convention. 

Signed in behalf of the Committee, 

JOHN CROES, CHAIRMAN. 
PHILADELPHIA, November 11, 1826. 

The House took up the following resolution, received from 
the other House on Friday, viz. 

" Eesolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, That 
the next meeting of the General Convention be held on the 
second Wednesday in October, 1829, at half past 10 o'clock, 
A. M." 

The House non-concurred in the resolution ; and adopted 
the following as a substitute therefor, viz. 

Resolved, That the meeting of the next General Conven 
tion be held on the first Wednesday in August, 1829, at 10 
o'clock, A. M. 

The presiding Bishop presented the report of the com 
mittee on Psalms and Hymns, appointed at the last General 
Convention. 

Whereupon the following resolutions were, on motion of 
the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, adopted, and ordered to be 
sent to the. other House fr their concurrence. 

Resolved, That the report of the Committee on the 
Psalms and Hymns be adopted by this Convention ; and 
that the Hvmns proposed by them be set forth, and allowed 
to be sung in all congregations of the Church. 

Resolved, That the Committee on the Psalms and 
Hymns be directed to make such arrangements as they may 
think proper for publishing the said Hymns, as well as the 
Hymns now in use, arranged under proper heads, with power 
of making merely verbal alterations ; and that the book of 
Hymns published under their authority, shall be the stand 
ard copy. 

Resolv; d. That the paid Committee be empowered to take 
measures for securing the copyright of the book of Hymns 
thus published, for the space of one year ; the proceeds of 
the sale to be applied, in the first instance, to defraying the 
expenses incurred by the Committee in sundry publications 
of proposed Hymns ; and the residue to be reserved, subject 
to the appropriation of the next General Convention. 

Resolved. That the said Committee be continued, with a 



192 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

view to the Psalms in metre, and be directed to report on 
them at the next General Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing a conference with this House on 
the subject of the time of the meeting of the next General 
Convention. 

The proposition was agreed to, ana the Right Rev. Bishops 
Hobart and Ravenscroft were appointed a Committee for 
the purpose, on the part of this House. 

The House adjourned until to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, Nov. 14th, 1826, half past 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met, and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

The Right Rev. presiding Bishop read a pastoral Letter, 
which was adopted. 

The report of the joint Committee on the report of the 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary, was received 
from the Hpuse of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and having 
been read, was adopted. 

A resolution relative to the publication of the above re 
port was also received and concurred in by this House. 

A report on the state of the Church was received from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; which having been 
read, it was Resolved, That the House of Bishops return 
to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies the documents 
on the state of the Church. They assure the House of their 
prayers, as requested ; and they inform the House that a 
Pastoral Letter is ready, and will be sent to them when to 
them it shall be convenient. 

A message and resolution were received from the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, respecting the nomination of 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary, and relative 
to monies subscribed but not paid. The nomination was 
concurred in, and the resolution was adopted, by this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing that that House would, with 
pleasure, receive the Pastoral Letter this evening, from the 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 193 

House of Bishops. Whereupon the House of Bishops or 
dered their Pastoral Letter to be transmitted to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The House then adjourned until 6 o'clock this evening. 

Nov. 14th, 6 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met. Present as this morning. 

The presiding Bishop offered the following, which was 
adopted : 

The House of Bishops respectfully propose to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies as follows : 

Resolved, as the sense of both Houses of this Convention, 

>-That on future occasions of the assembling of General 

Conventions, it will be expedient to abstain from returning 

thanks for the sermons respectively delivered before them ; 

it being understood that the sermons are to be published. 

The House adjourned until nine o'clock to-morrow 
morning:. 



WEDNESDAY, Nov. 15, 1826; 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met, and attended morning prayer with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

The Right Rev. presiding Bishop, from the Committee 
appointed at the last General Convention to obtain informa 
tion relative to seminaries of learning, reported, 

That the Committee were not ready to furnish a detailed 
report on the subject, and asked to be continued until the 
next General Convention. 

Whereupon, on motion, it was Resolved, if the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies concur therein, That the report 
be accepted, and the request of the Committee be granted. 

In conformity to the provision of the third article of the 
constitution of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Socie 
ty of the Protestant Episcopal Church, the House of Bish 
ops appointed the Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., of 
New York, Secretary of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, to preach the next triennial sermon before the 
eaid society ; and in case of his being prevented, the Rev. 
William E. Wyatt, D. D., of Maryland, to be his substitute. 



194 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

The report of the joint Committee respecting the time 
and place of the meeting of the next General Convention, 
was received from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; 
and was concurred in by this House. 

The House then adjourned until 6 o'clock, P. M. 

Nov. 15th, 6 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present as this morning. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing a joint Committee to revise the 
Canons of the Church, and to prepare such alterations, 
amendments and additions, as they may deem expedient. 
Whereupon the House concurred in the proposition, and 
proposed the following additional resolution, viz. : 

Resolved, That the said Committee have power to make 
a new arrangement of the Canons ; and that the Committee 
consist of three Bishops to be appointed by the House of 
Bishops, and three Clergymen and three Laymen, to be ap 
pointed by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; that 
two Bishops and three of the other members constitute a 
quorum ; and that a concurrence of a majority of the Bish 
ops, and a majority of the other members present, be neces 
sary to constitute a decision of the Committee. 

The House of Bishops have appointed the Right Rev. 
presiding Bishop, and Bishops Hobart and Croes, a Com 
mittee on their part. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this House that the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies had concurred in accepting the^ 
report of the Committee appointed at the last Convention/ 
on seminaries of learning, and in continuing the said Com 
mittee until the next General Convention. 

A Message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, stating that they had concurred in the resolu 
tion of this House, relative to voting thanks for sermons 
preached at the opening of General Conventions. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, stating that that House had concurred in 
the resolutions of the House of Bishops respecting the 
liturgy. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 195 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, proposing to make known to the several State 
Conventions, a proposition to consider of, and determine on 
the expediency of altering the second clause of the eighth 
article of the Constitution of this Church ; which was con 
curred in by this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, that they had appointed the Rev. Dr. Onder- 
donk, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, and Mr. William E. Whittingham, 
a Committee to publish the Journal, &c. Whereupon this 
House appointed the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, and the 
Rev. William H. De Laucey, their Secretary, the Commit 
tee on their part. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to' empowering the Committee to 
whom errors in editions of the Holy Bible, printed under the 
second canon of 1823, are referred, to purchase a copy of 
the standard edition, at the expense of the Convention ; 
which was concurred in by this House. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to a copyright of the Book of Com 
mon Prayer, and of the Hymns set forth by this Convention. 

Whereupon, on motion, this House non-concurred in the 
resolution, and adopted the following as a substitute there 
for, viz. : 

Resolved, That a joint Committee be appointed to con 
sider the expediency of obtaining a copyright for the work 
usually called the Book of Common Prayer, and to make 
report thereon to the next General Convention ; and that 
in case the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concur there 
in, the presiding Bishop be the Committee on the part of 
this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, stating that that House had non-concurred 
in the resolution of the House of Bishops, respecting a copy 
right of the Prayer Book, and proposing a Committee of 
conference on the subject. 

Whereupon the House agreed to the proposal, and ap 
pointed the Right Rev. Bishops Hobart and Kemp, the 
Committee to manage the conference on their part. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with the report of the above Committee of 



196 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1826. 

conference ; whereupon the House of Bishops concurred 
with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in adopting 
the report ; and appointed the Right Rev. presiding Bishop 
on tho part of this House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, through the Rev. Dr. Wharton, stating that 
that House was ready to adjourn, and requesting this House 
to unite with them in closing the session with offices of de 
votion. 

Whereupon this House joined the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. A short address was delivered, and several 
appropriate collects and prayers from the Liturgy were read 
by the presiding Bishop. The 133d Psalm in metre was 
then sung by the members of both Houses, and the benedic 
tion was pronounced by the presiding Bishop. After which, 
the Bishops having retired from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, this House adjourned sine die. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested, 
WILLIAM H. DE LANCET, Secretary. 



Canon 



PASSED IN GENERAL CONVENTION, 1826. 

Regulating the Admission of Persons as Candidates for 
Holy Orders, and the time in which they are to continue 
Candidates before their Ordination. 

Every person who desires to become a candidate for Orders in this Church 
shall, in the first instance, give notice of his intention to the Bishop, or if there 
be no Bishop, to such body as the Church in the Diocese or State in which he 
intends to apply may appoint ; and if, after obtaining the canonical testimoni 
als from the Standing Committee, he be admitted as a candidate by the Bish 
op, or if there be no Bishop, by such body as the Church in the Diocese or 
State in which he intends to apply may appoint, he shall remain a candidate 
for the term of three years before his ordination, unless the Bishop, with the 
advice and consent of the clerical members of the Standing Committee, shall 
deem it expedient to ordain the candidate, after the expiration of a shorter 
period, not less than one year. 

The first paragraph of the 7th canon of 1808, and the first canon of 1823, 
are hereby repealed. 

Done in General Convention, in the city of Philadelphia, November, 1826. 
By order of the House of Bishops, 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRESIDING BISHOP. 

Attested. 

WILLIAM H. DE LANCET, Secretary. 

By order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. , 

WILLIAM H. WILMEK, PRESIDENT. 
Attested, 

BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, Secretary. 



APPENDIX. 



Report of the Trustees of the General Theological Semin 
ary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States. 

The Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, in conformity with the second 
article of the Constitution, repectfully report to the General Conven 
tion, that 

Since the last meeting of the General Convention, the number of 
students who have entered the Seminary in each year has been as fol 
lows: 

In the session commencing in November, 1823, fourteen. 
In the session commencing in November, 1824, twelve. 
In the session commencing in November, 1825, seven. 

In the present session, commencing in October, 1826, fourteen. 

The whole number of Students now in the Seminary is thirty. 

The number of students who have completed the course of study, 
and received the testimonial of the Seminary, since the last meeting of 
the General Convention, is as follows: 

In July, 1823, five. In July, 1825, three. 

In July, 1824, three. In June, 1826, six. 

Several of the students have been dismissed on their own applica 
tion, before completing the course of study, in each of the above years 
only one of the students has died while prosecuting his studies in the 
Seminary. 

The course of studies originally adopted continues substantially the 
same ; a few alterations having been made to render more equal the 
time devoted by the students to each professor. The fidelity of the 
professors, and the proficiency of the students have been very satisfac 
torily evidenced at the several annual examinations, which are conduct 
ed in the presence of the Trustees. 

The Trustees state with regret, that they have been deprived of the 
faithful and valuable services of Professor Verplanck ; his other duties 
preventing the continuance of his labors in the Seminary. The de 
partment of the Evidences of Christianity (formerly that of Professor 
Verplanck,) is for the present assigned to the Professor of Systematic 
Divinity. 

The Library has received many valuable additions ; a number of 
which are text-books, or those required for the ordinary reading or ref 
erence of the students. 

198 



APPENDIX. 



199 



The property of the Seminary, exclusive of its real estate, consists 
of 200 Mechanics' Bank shores, which cost - $5,350.00 

Bonds and mortgages of sundry persons, amounting to 73,550.00 

Loans on notes of individuals, secured collaterally by trans 



fers of stock, 
Cash in Bank, on the first instant, 

Making together, 

In order to ascertain what portion of income of the 
above mentioned sum of $85,054.14, may be appli 
ed to the payment of the current expenses of the 
Seminary, it will be necessary to deduct therefrom 
the endowment of 

The Warren Scholarship, - - - $2,000.00 

Bishop White do., - 2,500.00 

Bishop Kemp do., ... 1,797.25 

Bishop Claggett do., - - 188.50 

North Carolina Fund, - - - 2,848.22 

Claremont Scholarship, ... 48.00 

The balance of the appropriation made by the Trus 
tees in the year 1824, towards erecting the build 
ing, yet unexpended, - - 116.77 
The further advance contemplated in aid of the 
building fund, as authorized by the Trustees in 
June last, in anticipation of funds to be collected 
out of the Diocese of New York, 5,000.00 



- 5,636.00 
518.14 
$85,054.14 



14.498.74 

And there will remain the sum of $70,555.40 

the interest of which may be applied to the current expenses of the 
Seminary. After the new building shall be finished, the ordinary ex 
penditures of the Seminary will be, 

Salaries to the Professors, - - $3,750.00 

Librarian, 100.00 

Janitor, - - 150.00 

The annual allowance to the Society for the Promotion of 
Religion and Learning for four scholars, in consideration 
of a certain grant made by that society to Geneva Col 
lege, as an equivalent for the relinquishment of the Branch 
School at that place. - - 400.00 

The interest on the loan of $5,000, in contemplation, author 
ized by the Trustees at their meeting in June last, in an 
ticipation of further contributions towards the building 
fund, to be raised within the Diocese of New York, es 
timated at - - - - - 800.00 
Incidental expenses, - - - 400.00 

Making together, $5,100.00 

From this deducting the interest on the before mentioned 
principal sura of $70,555, which, at 6 per cent, per an 
num, is - 4,233.83 

There will remain a yearly deficiency of income, amount- 

ing to - " ; - ; - - $866.7 



200 



APPENDIX. 



The Finance Committee, under the authority vested in them by the 
Trustees, having commissioned the Kev. Mr. Griffin, and the Rev. Mr. 
Shelton, alumni of this Institution, to collect the outstanding claims of 
the Seminary, and to procure additional subscriptions and donations ; 
the expectation is confidently indulged, that the friends of the Church 
will afford those gentlemen every assistance in their power, to enable 
them to bring the laudable work they have in hand to a speedy and 
favorable issue. 

In making up the following statement of the amount of monies con 
tributed to the funds of the Seminary, in each Diocese, the Commit 
tee have met with much difficulty and embarrassment, inasmuch as 
some of the old subscription papers are imperfect, and others, as they 
have been informed, having passed througli the hands of different 
agents, are not to be found. According to the best information they 
possess, there have been contributed in the 

Diocese of South Carolina, .... $9,614 

North Carolina, - - 4,078 

Maryland, - - 4,968 

Virginia, ..... 625 

Pennsylvania, - - - - - 3,061 

Massachusetts, - - 1,715 

Georgia, - 60 

New York, viz. 

Mr. Sherred's legacy, - - $60,000 

Sixty-three lots of land in the city of New York, 

given by 0. 0. Moore, Esq., - - - 20,000 

Cash collected, . - 28,165 

A Scholarship founded by E. Warren, Esq., of Troy, 2,000 
Donations of books, by the Corporation of Trinity 
Church, New York, and individuals in the same 
State, - - 6,500 

The. legacy of the late Godfrey Coon, granted by the 

Corporation of Trinity Church, New York, 3,393 

-$120,058 

Total, $144,169 

If from this sum total of contributions there be deduct 
ed the property now possessed by the Seminary, viz., 
The land granted by 0. C. Moore, Esq., - - $20,000 

The books above mentioned, - - 6,500 

The amount already expended on the building, - 19,575 
The bonds and other personal property above enu 
merated, ...... 



85,054 



131,129 



There remains a balance of $13,040 

Which must have been expended for commissions and expenses of col 
lecting, and disbursements of .this Seminary, under its various modifi 
cations, while at New Haven, and previously at New York ; and a 
small portion thereof by the late New York Education Society. 

A three story stone building, 104 feet in length, and 52 feet in depth, 
erected upon the land given to the Institution by Clement C. Moore, 



1826.] APPENDIX. 201 

Esq., is now nearly finished, and will be entirely completed early next 
spring. It is provided with accommodations for two professors, and for 
boarding and lodging 40 students, with two lecture rooms, a library, and 
temporary accommodations for a chapel. The edifice is in the plain 
Gothic style of architecture, and so constructed, that whenever the 
funds of the Seminary will justify the erection of a permanent chapel, 
library and lecture rooms, the parts of the building now occupied as 
such may be converted so as to increase the accommodations of the pro 
fessors, and afford rooms for eight more students. The situation is 
airy, healthy and pleasant, on the banks of the Hudson river, and in 
the neighborhood of the city. The probable cost of the building, with 
the appendages, it is estimated, will be $30,000; only $10,000 of which, 
it is contemplated, shall be drawn from the permanent funds of the 
Institution ; $15,000 of the balance, (of which about $10,000 are al 
ready paid,) to be raised in the State of New York, and the remainder 
in other parts of the United States. 

The Trustees, therefore, cannot but urge on the General Convention 
the necessity of contributions throughout the union for carrying through 
this important object. They beg leave, also, to express their earnest 
hope, that through the exertions of the friends of the Seminary 
throughout the United States, all the advances for the Seminary build 
ings, heretofore charged on its general funds, may be speedily replaced. 
In conformity, also, with a vote of their Board, passed in June last, 
they respectfully present to the Convention the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church be most respectfully requested to suggest any measures which 
may appear to them advisable, in furtherance of the above mentioned 
objects ; and that they be specially requested to take into consideration 
the expediency of their designating the amount which, upon a fair es 
timate of the relative resources of the several Dioceses, ought to be 
raised in each, as well for the building fund, as towards the general 
funds of the Seminary. 

All which is respectfully submitted to the General Convention by 
the Board of Trustees. 

H. U. ONDERDONK, Secretary. 

NEW YOEK, Nov. 8, 1826. 



Eist of 




OF THE 



PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States of America. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Ver 
mont, and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop. 

MAINE. 

The Rev. Gideon W. Olney. 

The Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Portland. 2. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rector of St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 
The Rev. Moses B. Chase, Rector of Christ Church, Hopkinton. 
The Rev. Robert Fowle, Rector of Trinity Church, Holderness. 
The Rev. James B. Howe, Rector of Union Church, Claremont. 
The Rev. George Leonard, Rector of Trinity Church, Cornish. 
The Rev. George Richardson, Deacon, officiating in Charlestown and 
Drewsville. 6. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. Alfred L. Baury, Rector of St, Mary's Church, Newton. 

The Rev. Silas Blaisdel, residing in Boston. 

The Rev. John L. Blake, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, South Boston. 

The Rev. Solomon Blakesley, Rector of St. James's Church, Great-Bar- 

rington. 

The Rev. James Bowers, residing in Framingham. 
The Rev. Isaac Boyle, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. 
The Rev. Thomas W. Coit, Minister of St. Peter's Church, Salem. 
The Rev. Benjamin C. Cutler, Rector of Christ Church, Quincy. 



[1826. 



APPENDIX. 203 



The Rev. Southerland Douglass, Deacon. 

The Rev. Asa Eaton. Rector of Christ Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Theodore Edson, Rector of St. Ann's Church, Lowell. 

The Rev. Cheever Felch, Chaplain, United States Navy. 

The Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Daniel L. B. Goodwin, Deacon, officiating in Sutton. 

The Rev. George Griswold, Deacon, Northampton. 

The Rev. Galen Hicks, residing in Taunton. 

The Rev. Aaron Humphrey, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough, 

Trinity Church, Lenox, and St John's Church, Washington. 
The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D. 

The Kev. James Morss, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 
The Rev. Toomas S. W. Mott, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Marblehead. 
The Rev. Joseph Muenscher, Rector of Christ Church, Leicester. 
The Rev. George Otis, Rector of Christ Church, Cambridge, and Professor 

of Latin in Harvard College. 
The Rev.' Benjamin C. C. Parker, Deacon. 
The Rev. Alonzo Potter, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Boston. 
The Rev. Titus Strong, Rector of St. James's Church, Greenfield. 
The Rev. William Withington, residing in Dorchester. 
The Rev. Calvin Wolcott, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Hanover. 27. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Moore Bingham, Deacon, Minister of Grace Church, Sheldon, and 
Trinity Church, Fairfield. 

The Rev. John Bristed, Deacon, residing in Middlebury, and officiating in 
Ferrisburgh. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Rector of Zion Church, Manchester. 

The Rev. Carlton Chase, Rector of Immanuel Church, Bellows' Falls. 

The Rev. Joel Clap, Rector of Trinity Church, Shelburne. 

The Rev. Joseph H. Coit, Deacon, Minister of Bethel and Bethesda 
Churches, Arlington. 

The Rev. Lewis M'Donald Deacon, Minister of the Churches in Rutland. 

The Rev. Sylvester Nash, Rector of Union Church, St. Albans. 

The Rev. Richard Peck, Deacon, Berkshire and Montgomery. 

The Rev. Samuel B. Shaw, Minister of Christ Church, Guilford. 

The Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, Middlebu 
ry. 11. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Rector of St. Michael's 

Church, Bristol. 

The Rev. Charles Henry Alden, residing near Providence. 
The Rev. Lemuel Burge, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Kingston. 
The Rev Nathan Bourne Crocker, Rector of St. John's Church, Providence. 
The Rev. George Taft, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Providence. 
The Rev. Salmon Wheaton. Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 6. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D.D..LL. D., Bishop, and Pres 
ident of Washington College, Hartford. 

The Rev. George B. Andrews, Rector of the Churches in Kent, Sharon, and 
New Preston, residing in Amenia. 



204 APPENDIX. [1826. 

The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of the Church in Trumbull. 

The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Guilford, and St. John's 

Church, North Guilford. 

The Rev. Stephen Beach, Missionary at Salisbury and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. David Belden, residing at Wilton. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benhain, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford, 

and Church, Brookfield 

The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 

The Rev. Nathan B Burgess, residing in Glastenbury. 

The Rev. Joseph T. Clark, Minister of the Church at Woodbridge and at 

Amity. 
The Rev. Peter G. Clark, Rector of St John's Church, Essex, Saybrook, and 

Union Church, Killingworth. 
The Rev. Asa Cornwall, Rector of St. Peter's Church, and Assistant in the 

Episcopal Academy, Cheshire. 

The Rev. Harry Croswell, Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven. 
The Rev. George W. Doane, Professor of Belles Lettres and Oratory in 

Washington College, Hartford, and Rector of St. John's Church, 

East Windsor. 
The Rev John M. Garfield, Principal of a Ladies' Academy, New Haven, 

and officiating at Branford and North Branford. 
The Rev. Alpheus Gear, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury, and 

Church, Salem. 
The Rev. Sturges Gilbert, Rector of the Churches in Woodbury, Roxbury 

and Bethlehem. 

The Rev. Bennet Glover, residing at Newtown. 
The Rev. Samuel Griswold, residing at Barkhamstead. 
The Rev. Frederick Holcomb, Rector of the Churches in Watertown and 

North field. 
The Rev. Origen P. Holcomb, Rector of the Churches in Wilton and 

Ridgefield. 

The Rev. Orson V. Howell, Deacon. 

The Rev. Lemuel B. Hull, Rector of the Churches in Danbury and Reading. 
The Rev. Hector Humphreys, Rector of Church, Glastenbury, and 

Professor of Languages in Washington College, Hartford. 
The Rev. Reuben Ives, Cheshire. 
The Rev. William Jarvis, Rector of the Churches of Hebron and East 

Haddam. 
The Rev. Stephen Jewett, Rector of Christ Church, Derby, and the Church 

at Humphreysville. 

The Rev. Isaac Jones, residing in Litchfield. 

The Rev. Henry R. Judah, Rector of St John's Church, Bridgeport. 
The Rev. Bethel Judd Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 
The Rev. James Keeler, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Northford. 
The Rev. Ezra B. Kellogg, officiating in the Church at New Preston. 
The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 
The Rev. Smith Miles, Rector of Trinity Church, Chatham. 
The Rev. Birdsey G. Noble, Rector of Christ Church, Middletown. 
The Rev. Seth B, Paddock, Rector of Christ Church, Norwich. 
The Rev. Joseph Perry, Rector of Christ Church, East Haven, and Trin 
ity Church, West Haven. 
The Rev. William T. Potter, Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 

Haven. 
The Rev. Chauncey Prindle, residing at Oxford. 



1826.] , APPENDIX. 205 

The Rev. Menzies Rayner, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Huntington, and 

St. Peter's Church, Monroe. 
The Rev. Rodney Rossiter, Rector of St. Peter's and St. Matthew's Churches, 

Plymouth. 

The Rev. Edward Rutledge, Rector of the Churches in Stratford and Milford. 
The Rev. George A. Shelton, Deacon. 

The Rev. William Shelton, Rector of St. John's Church, Fairfield. 
The Rev. Reuben Sherwood Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. 
The Rev. Ashbel Steel, officiating at Brooklyn and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Daniel Soiners, residing at Narwalk. 
The Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, Rector of St. John's Church, Stamford. 
The Rev. Ransom Warner, Rector of the Churches in Simsbury and Granby 
The Rev. Eleazar M. P. Wells. 

The Rev. Nathaniel S Wheaton, Rector of Christ Church, Hartford. 
The Rev. George S. White, residing at Canterbury. 52. 

NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese, and Rec 
tor of Trinity Church, including St. Paul's and St. John's Chapels, 
and Professor of Pastoral Theology and 'Pulpit Eloquence in the 
General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States, New York. 

The Rev. Jasper Adams, President of Geneva College. 

The Rev. Norman H.Adams, Deacon, Missionary at Unadilla, Otsego coun 
ty, Bainbridge Chenango county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, Rector of St. John's Church, Johnstown, Mont 
gomery county. 

The Rev. Henry Anthon, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida county. 

The Rev. Deodatus Babcock, Rector of Christ Church, Balston Spa, Sarato 
ga county. 

The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, D. D., Pricipal of an Academy in the city of 
New York. 

The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, Rector of Trinity Church, New Rochelle, and 
St. Thomas's Church, Mamaroneck, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Seth W. Beardsley, Missionary at Waddington, St. Lawrence 
county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Alva Bennett, Deacon, Missionary at Windham, Greene county, 
and parte adjacent. 

The Rev. William Berrian, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 
York. 

The Rev. William W. Bostwick, Missionary at Bath, Steuben county, and 
Penyan, Yates county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Rector of Zion Church, New York. 

The Rev. David Brown, residing at Albany. 

The Rev. John Brown, Rector of St. George's Church, Newburgh, and St. 
Thomas's Church, New Windsor, Orange county. 

The Rev. William J. Bulkley, Missionary at Manlius, Onondaga county, 
and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Moses Burt, Missionary at Ticonderoga, Essex county, and parts 
adjacent. 

The Rev. Richard Bury. Rector of Christ Church, Duanesburgh, Schenec- 
tady county. 



206 APPENDIX. [1823 

The Rev. Leverett Bush, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Oxford, Chenango 
county. 

The Rev. David Butler, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Troy.Rensselaer county. 

The Rev. Lawson Carter, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Eastchester, West- 
chester county. 

The Rev. John A. Clark, Deacon, Missionary at Palmyra, Wayne county, 
and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Orin Clark, Rector of Trinity Church, Geneva, Ontario county. 

The Rev. William A. Clark, Rector of All Saints' Church, New York. 

The Rev. James P. F. Clarke, Rector of Christ Church, North Hempstead, 
Queen's county. 

The Rev. Augustus L. Converse, 

The Rev. William Creighton, Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Alexander H. Crosby, Deacon, Minister of Grace Church, White- 
Plains, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Francis H. Coming, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Rochester, 
Monroe county. 

The Rev. Edward Davis, Deacon. 

The Rev. Benjamin Dorr, Rector of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, Rens- 
selaer county, and Grace Church, Waterford, Saratoga county. 

The Rev. Cornelius R. Duffie, Rector of St. Thomas's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Palmer Dyer, Missionary at Granville, Washington county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Manton Eatbnrn, officiating in Christ Church, New York. 

The Rev. Henry J. Feltus, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Augustus Fitch, Deacon, Teacher, near Harlem, New York. 

The Rev. Edward K. Fowler, Deacon. 

The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Missionary in Albany and Greene counties. 

The Rev. Ezekiel G. Gear, Missionary at Ith'aca, Tompkins county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Griffin, Deacon. 

The Rev. William Hammel, residing in New York. 

The Rev. William Harris, D. D., President of Columbia College, New York. 

The Rev. Joshua L. Harrison, Deacon. 

The Rev. Seth Hart, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, Queen's 
county. 

The Rev. Samuel Haskell, residing at New Rochelle, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Burton H. Hickox, Minister of St. John's Church, Canandaigua, 
Ontario county. 

The Rev. John A. Hicks, Deacon, Assistant Minister of St. James's Church, 
Newtown, Queen's county. 

The Rev. Algernon S. Hollister, Missionary at Paris, Oneida county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Reuben Hubbard, Rector of St. James's Church, Goshen, Orange 
county. 

The Rev. David Huntington, residing in Charlton, Saratoga county. 

The Rev. Nathaniel Huse, Rector of Christ Church, Binghamton, Broome 
county. 

The Rev. Edward J. Ives, Rector of St. Philip's Church, Philipstown, Put 
nam county, and St. Peter's Church, Peekskill, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson, Rector of St. James's Church, New- 
town, Queen's county. 

The Rev. Samuel R. Johnson, Deacon, Minister of St. James's Church, Hyde 
Park, Dutchess county. 



1826.] APPENDIX. 207 

The Rev. Cave Jones, Chaplain in the United States Navy, and Superin 
tendent of the Naval Seminary, Brooklyn, King's county. 

The Rev William L. Keese, Deacon, Missionary at Sackett's Harbour, and 
Brown ville, Jefferson county. 

The Rev. William B. Lacey, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D. Rector of Christ Church, New York. 

The Rev. Charles M'Cabe, Rector of St. James's Church, Milton, Saratoga 
county. 

The Rev. John M'Carty, Deacon, Missionary at Oswego and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, D. D. Professor of the Greek and Latin Lan 
guages, and Greek and Roman Antiquities, in Geneva College. 

The Rev. Charles P. M'llvaine, Chaplain and Professor in the United States 
Military Academy, West Point. 

The Rev. John M'Vickar, D. D., Professor of Moral and Intellectual Phi 
losophy, Rhetoric, Belles Lettres, and Political Economy, in Col 
umbia College, New York. 

The Rev. James Milnor, D. D., Rector of St. George's Church, New York. 

The Rev. David Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, including Trinity 
Chapel, Staten Island. 

The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 
Queen's county. 

The Rev. Rufus Murray, Deacon, Missionary at Mayville, Chatauque coun 
ty, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Daniel Nash, Missionary in Otsego and adjacent counties. 

The Rev. Samuel Nichols, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Bedford, and 
St. James's Church, North Salem, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Beardsley Northrup, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Waterville, 
Delaware county. 

The Rev. George H. Norton, Missionary at Richmond, Ontario county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., an Assistant Minister of Trinity 
Church, and Professor of the Nature, Ministry, and Polity of the 
Church, in the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States, New York. 

The Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, M. D., Rector of St. Ann's Church, Brook 
lyn, King's county. 

The Rev. Amos Pardee, Missionary at Skeneatales and Marcellus, Onon- 
daga county. 

The Rev. Marcus A. Perry, officiating at Rome, Oneida county. 

The Rev. Samuel Phinney, Principal of the Academy at Ithaca, Tompkins 
county. 

The Rev. William Powell, residing in West-Farms, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Joseph Prentiss, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, and St. 
Luke's Church, Catekill, Greene county. 

The Rev. Alexis P. Proal, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 

The Rev. John Reed, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, Poughkeepsie, Dutch- 
ess county. 

The Rev. William Richmond, Rector of St. Michael's and St. James's 
Churches, New York. 

The Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, Missionary at Turin, Lewis county, and parts 
adjacent. 

The Rev. John C. Rudd, D. D., Principal of the Academy at Auburn, Cay- 
uga county. 






208 APPENDIX. [1826. 

The Rev. Richard Salmon, Missionary at Geneseo, Livingston county and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Rector of Grace Church, Jamaica, Queen's 

county. 
The Rev. John F. Schrceder, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 

York. 
The Rev. Charles Seabury, Missionary at Setauket, and Islip, Suffolk 

county. 
The Rev. Samuel Seabury Deacon, Missionary at Huntington, Suffolk 

county, and Oyster Bay, Queen's county 
The Rev. Addison Searle, Missionary at Buffalo, Erie county, and parts 

adjacent. 

The Rev. John Sellon, Rector of Christ Church, Ann-street, New York. 
The Rev. Lucius Smith, Rector .of St. James's Church, Batavia, Genesee 

county. 
The Rev. Orsamus H. Smith, Missionary at Moravia, Cayuga county and 

parts adjacent 
The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of Christ Church, Hudson, Columbia 

county. 

The Rev. John S. Stone, Deacon, Tutor in Geneva College. 
The Rev. Willim B. Thomas, Rector of Trinity Church, Fishkill, Dutchess 

county. 

The Rev. James Thompson, Missionary in Greene county. 
The Rev. William Thompson, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, Westchester 

county. 
The Rev. Frederick T. Tiffany, Deacon, officiating at Cooperstown, Otsego 

county, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Charles J. Todd, Deacon, Minister of St. John's Church, Ogdens- 

burgh, St. Lawrence county. 
The Rev. Amos C. Treadway, Missionary at New Hartford, Oneida county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Samuel H. Turner, D. D., Professor of Biblical Learning, and the 

Interpretation of Scripture, in the General Theological Seminary 

of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, New York. 
The Rev. George Upfold, M. D. Rector of St. Luke's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Frederick Vanhorne, residing at Coldenham, Orange county. 
The Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, D. D., Rector of Grace Church, New 

York. 

The Rev. Thomas Warner. 
The Rev. William M. Weber, Deacon, Missionary at Waterloo and Vienna, 

Seneca county. 

The Rev. John West, Minister of St. John's Church, Phillipsburgh, West- 
Chester county. 
The Rev. Russel Wheeler, Rector of Zion Church, Butternuts, Otsego 

county, and St Andrew's Church, New Berlin, Chenango county. 
The Rev. Phineas L. Whipple. Missionary at Fairfield, Herkimer county, 

and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Henry J. Whitehouse, Deacon, residing in New York. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, Westchester, 

Westchester county. 
The Rev. Peter Williams, (a coloured man,) Rector of St. Philip's Church, 

New York, the congregation of which is composed of coloured persons. 
The Rev. Joseph B. Young, Deacon, Missionary at Perryville, Madison 

county, and parts adjacent. 114. ' 



1826.] APPENDIX. 209 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Christ Church, 
New Brunswick. 

The Rev. Abraham Beach, D. D., residing near New Brunswick. 

The Rev. James Chapman, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 

The Rev. John Croes, Jr. Rector of St. Paul's Church, Patterson. 

The Rev. Christian F. Cruse", Rector elect of St. John's Church, Salem, and 
Minister of St. George's, Pennesneck. 

The Rev. Clarkson Dunn, Rector of Christ Church, Newton. 

The Rev. John Grigg, 

The Rev. Benjamin Holmes, Missionary to the congregation of St. Peter's, 
Morristown, St. John's, Knowlton, and the congregation at Orange. 

The Rev. William L. Johnson, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Trenton. 

The Rev. Matthew Matthews, Minister of Christ Church, Belleville. 

The Rev. George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Mount 
Holly. 

The Rev. Henry P. Powers, Rector of Trinity Church, Newark. 

The Rev. Smith Pyne, Deacon, Minister of St. John's Church, Elizabeth 
Town. 

The Rev. John M. Ward, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Spotswood, and Min 
ister of St. Peter's Church, Freehold. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Rector of St. Mary's Church, Bur 
lington. 

The Rev. Eli Wheeler, Rector of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, and Christ 
Church, Middletown. 

The Rev. Simon Wilmer, Rector of Trinity Church, Swedesborough. 17. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Barry, D. D., of the Diocese of New York, officiates 
as Minister of St. Matthew's Church, city of Jersey. 

The Rev. William Bryant, Deacon, of the Diocese of Pennsylvania, offici 
ates as Minister of St. Mary's Church, Colestown, and. as a Mission 
ary to St. Peter's, Berkeley, and St. John's, Chew's Landing. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Bishop, senior of the American 
Church, presiding in the House of Bishops, and Rector of Christ 
Church, St. Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., senior Assistant Minister of Christ 
Church, St. Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Benjamin Allen, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Ayres, residing at Brownsville. Fayette county. 

The Rev. Benjamin P. Aydelott, M. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John P. Bausman, Missionary, officiating in Brownsville and 
Connesville, Fayette county. 

The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., Provost of the University of Pennsyl 
vania, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia, 

The Rev. Moses P. Bennet, officiating in Kittanning, Westmoreland coun 
ty, and Butler, Butler county. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel Bowman, Associate Rector of St. John's Church, Pequa> 
Chester county, and Christ Church, Leacock, Lancaster county. 

The Rev. William R. Bowman, Deacon, Brownsville, Fayette county. 



210 APPENDIX. [1826. 

The Rev. George Boyd, Rector of St. John's Church, Northern Liberties, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, Rector of St. David's Church, Radnor, Del 
aware county, and St. Peter's Church, Great Valley, Chester county. 

The Rev. William Bryant, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Levi Bull, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Chester county, and 
Bangor Church, Churchtown, Lancaster county. 

The Rev. William Chadderton, residing at Bristol. 

The Rev Joseph Clarkson, Associate Rector of St. James's Church, Lan 
caster, Lancaster county, and St. John's Church, Pequea, Chester 
county, and Rector of Christ Church, Leacock, Lancaster countv. 

The Rev. Jehu C. Clay, Rector of St James's Church, Perkiomen, and St. 
John's, Norristown, Montgomery county. 

The Rev. John B. Clemsan, Deacon, officiating at Harrisburgh, Dauphin 
county, and Thomastown, Mifflin county. 

The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, Principal of the German-Town Academy. 

The Rev. John Davis, Deacon, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Davis, Missionary, officiating in St. John's Church, Hunt 
ingdon, Huntingdon county. 

The Rev. William H. De Lancey, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. 
Peter's and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Jacob De Pui, Deacon, officiating at Bloomsburgh, Jersey-Town, 
and Sudbury. 

The Rev. Jacob M. Douglass, Rector of St. John's Church, Concord, Dela 
ware county. 

The Rev. Charles M; Dupuy, Assistant Minister of the Swedish Churches 
in Philadelphia and Kingsessing. 

The Rev. William Eldred, Missionary in Columbia and Lycoming counties. 

The Rev. Caleb I. Good, Deacon, officiating in St. Gabriel's Church, Mor- 
lattin, and at Potts-Town. 

The Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rector of St. John's Church, York, and Christ 
Church, Huntington. 

The Rev. John H. Hopkins, Rector of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh. 

The Rev. Enoch Huntington. 

The Rev. Benjamin Hutchins, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Levi S. Ives, Associate Rector of St. James's Church, Lancaster, 
Lancaster County. 

The Rev. Joseph Jaquett, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Jackson Kernper, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, St. Peter's 
and St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Semuel Marks, Missionary in Susquehanna and Bradford counties. 

The Rev. William C. Mead, Rector of Christ Church, Reading, Berk's county. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Richard U. Morgan, Rector of St. Paul's, Chester, and St. Mar 
tin's, Marcus Hook, Delaware county. 

The Rev. Norman Nash, Missionary. 

The Rev. David C. Page, Missionary in Greensburgh, Westmoreland county. 

The Rev. Henry H. Pfeiffer, Assistant Rector of Christ Church, Browns 
ville, Fayette county. 

The Rev. Robert Piggot, Rector of St. Mark's Church, Lewistown, Mifflin 
countv. 

The Rev. William H. Rees, Deacon, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Francis Reno, officiating in Beaver county. 



1826.] APPENDIX. 211 

The Rev. Greenbury W. Ridgley, Deacon,, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Tohn Rodney, Jr., Rector of St. Luke's Church, German-Town, 
Philadelphia county, and St Thomas's Church, Whitemarsh, Mont 
gomery county. 

The Rev. George Sheets, Rector of Trinity Church, Oxford, and All Saints' 
Church, Lower Dublin, Philadelphia county. 

The Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves, Easton. 

The Rev. Charles Smith, Minister of Christ Church, Meadville, Crawford 
county; St. John's Church, Franklin, Venango county ; and acting 
Missionary of the adjacent counties. 

The Rev. Joseph Spencer, Rector of St. John's Church, and Professor of 
Languages in Dickinson College, Carlisle, Cumberland county. 

The Rev. John Tavlor, residing in Pittsburgh, Alleghany county. 

The Rev. John V/E. Thorn, Rector of St. James's Church, Bristol. 

The Rev George Weller, residing in Philadelphia, and officiating at Ham- 
iltonville. 

The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., Professor of Systematic Divinity in the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, New York. 

The Rev. James Wiltbank, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Francisville, 
and Master of the Grammar School in the University of Pennsyl 
vania, Philadelphia. 58. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, residing in New-Castle. 

The Rev. Henry L. Davis, D. D., Principal of Wilmington College. 

The Rev. Daniel Higbee, Minister of St. Peter's, Lewes ; St. Paul's, George 
town ; Christ, Laurel, and Prince George's, Dagsborough, Sussex 
county. 

The Rev. Henry V. D. Johns, Deacon. 

The Rev. Stephen W. Presstman, Rector of Emmanuel's Church, New-Cas 
tle, and St. James's, Staunton. 

The Rev. Ralph Williston, Rector of Trinity Church, Wilmington. 6. 

MARYLAND. 

The Right Rev. James Kemp, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Paul's 
Parish, including Christ Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Walter D. Aodison, Rector of St. John's, Georgetown, District of 
Columbia. 

The Rev. Grandison Aisquith. 

The Rev. Ethan Allen, Rector of Christ Church, Washington. 

The Rev. John Allen, Professor of Mathematics, University of Maryland, 
Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas G. Allen, Rector of Prince George's and St. Bartholo 
mew's parishes, Montgomery county. 

The Rev. William Armstrong, Jr., Rector of Zion Church, Frederick county. 

The Rev. Charles C. Austin, Rector of St. Thomas's parish, Baltimore 
county. 

The Rev. John V. Bartow, Rector of Trinity Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas Bayne, Rector of St. Peter's, Talbot county. 

The Rev. John G. Blanchard, Rector of St. Ann's, Annapolis. 

The Rev. John L. Bryan, Rector of St. Marks, Frederick county. 



212 APPENDIX. [1826. 

The Rev. Lucius Carter, Deacon, Minister of Akakek Church, St. John's 
Parish, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. John Claxton, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Upper Marl- 
borough. 

The Rev. Timothy Clowes, LL. D., Rector of St. Paul's parish, Kent coun 
ty, and Principal of Washington College, Chestertown. 

The Rev. Joseph S. Covel, Rector of Somerset parish, Somerset county. 

The Rev. William Duke. 

The Rev. Levin J. Gillis, Rector of St. Paul's, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. Horatio N. Gray, Rector of Christ Church, Georgetown. 

The Rev. William Hawley, Rector of St. John's Church, Washington City. 

The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Henry -N. Hotchkiss, Rector of St. Michael's, Talbot county. 

rThe Rev. Thomas Jackson, Rector of St. James's, Anne Arundel county. 

Tha Rev. William Jackson, Rector of Chester parish. Chester- Town, Kent 
county. 

The Rev. John Johns, Rector of All Saints, Frederick county. 

The Rev. Jonathan Judd, Great Choptank. Dorchester county. 

The Rev. Ravaud Kearney, Rector of William and Mary and St. Andrew's 
parishes, St. Mary's county. 

The Rev. John R. Keech, Rector of St. John's parish, Baltimore, and Hart 
ford counties. 

The Rev. George Lemraon, Rector of St. John's parish, Hagarstown. 

The Rev.'William Livingston, (a coloured man) Deacon, Minister of St. 
James's, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Charles Mann, Rector of William and Mary parish, Charles county. 

The Rev. George M'Elhiney, Trinity Church, Charles county. 

The Rev. Richard H. B. Mitchill, Rector of King and Queen parish, St. 
Mary's county. 

The Rev. Ira Parker, Deacon, residing in Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas K. Peck. 

The Rev. Robert Prout. Durham parish, Charles county. 

The Rev. William Rafferty, D. D., Rector of All- Hallows, Ann- Arundel, 
and Principal of St. John's College, Annapolis. 

The Rev. Thomas Reid. 

The Rev. John Reynolds, St. George's parish, Hartford county. 

The Rev. John J. Robinson, Teacher of an Academy, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Neale H. Shaw, Rector of All-Faith parish, St. Mary's county. 

The Rev. Purnell F. Smith. 

The Rev. William M. Stone, Rector of Stepney parish. Somerset. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Stratton, Rector of All Hallow's parish, Worcester, 
and Worcester parish, Worcester. 

The Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, Rector of Queen Ann's parish, Prince George's 
county. 

The Rev. John T. Wheat, Elke Ridge. 

The Rev. Charles S. Williams, Principal of Baltimore College. 

The Rev. Lemuel Wilmer, Port Tobacco, Charles county. 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., Associate Minister of St. Paul's parish . 
Baltimore. 

The Rev. Noble Young, Durham. 50. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of 
tne Monumental Church, Richmond. 



1826.] APPENDIX. 213 

The Rev. John Armstrong, Wheeling, Ohio county. 

The Rev. Richard H. Barnes, Rector of Hambleton and Leed's parish, Fau- 
quier county. 

The Rev. Hugh 0. Boggs, Berkley Parish, Spotsylvania. 

The Rev. John T. Brooke, Martinsburgh, Berkeley county. 

The Rev. William D. Cairns, Deacon, North End, Matthew's county. 

The Rev. Mark. L. Chevers, Suffolk parish, Nanseraond county. 

The Rev. Josias Clapham, King George Court-House. 

T!ie Rev. Nicholas H. Cobbs, Russel parish, Bedford county. 

The Rev. John Cooke, Deacon, St. Martin's parish, Hanover and Louisa 
counties. 

The Rev. William Crawford. Trinity parish, Louisa county. 

The Rev. Robert B. Croes, Assistant Minister of the Monumental Church, 
Richmond. 

The Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D., Rector of Christ Church, Norfolk. 

The Rev. John Dunn, Shelburn parish, Loudoun county. 

The Rev. Stephen S. Gunter, Eastville, Northampton county. 

The Rev. William H. Hart, Rector of Henrico parish, Richmond. 

The Rev. Frederick W. Hatch, Fredericksville parish, Albemarle. county. 

The Rev. Johannes E. Jackson, Frederick parish, Frederick county. 

The Rev. Alexander Jones, St. Andrew's parish, Charlestown, Jefferson 
county. 

The Rev. William Jones, Surry county. 

The Rev. Jacob Keeling, Suffolk, Nansemond county. 

The Rev. Ruel Keith, Rector of Christ Church, and Professor in the The 
ological School of Virginia, Alexandria, District of Columbia. 

The Rev. Edward R. Lippitt, Professor in the Theological School, Alex 
andria. 

The Rev. William F. Lee, Goochland Court House. 

The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, St George's parish, Fredericksburgh. 

The Rev. John P. M'Guire, St. Anne's parish, Essex county. 

The Rev. William L. Marshall, Deacon, Oak Hill, Fauquier county. 

The Rev. William Meade, Frederick Parish, Frederick county. 

The Rev. Charles H. Page, Charleston, Kanawha county. 

The Rev. John Phillips, Lunenburgh Court House. 

The Rev. Franklin G. Smith, Lynchburgh, Campbell county. 

The Rev. George A. Smith, Deacon, Fredericksburgh. 

The Rev. William Steele, St. James's parish, Mecklenbergh county. 

The Rev. Daniel Stephens, D. D., Staunton, Augusta county. 

The Rev. Andrew Byrne, Bristol parish, Petersburgh. 

The Rev. William H. Wilmer, D. D., President of William and Mary Col 
lege, Williamsburgh. 

The Rev. John H. Wingneld, Portsmouth, Norfolk county. 

The Rev. John Woodville, Culpepper Court House. 38. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of Christ 

Church, Raleigh. 

The Rev. John A very, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Edenton. 
The Rev. Elijah BrainaH, Deacon, Warrenton. 
The Rev. Adam Empie, Rector of St. James's Church, Wilmington. 
The Rev. George W. Freeman, Deacon. 



214 APPENDIX. [1826. 

The Rev. William M. Green, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Hillsborough, 

and St. Mary's Chapel, Orange county. 

The Rev. Henry M. Mason, Minister of St- John's Church, Fayettville. 
The Rev. Richard S. Mason, Rector of Christ Church, Newbern. 
The Rev. Robert Miller, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Burke county. 
The Rev. Philip B. Wiley. 
The Rev. Thomas Wright, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Salisbury, and 

Christ Church, Rowan county. 11. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Mi 
chael's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. William Barlow, Rector of Claremont. 

The Rev. David Irving Campbell, Minister of St. Stephen's parish, and the 
Chapels at the Black Oak and the Rocks. 

The RPV. John White Chanier, Hector of St. Mark's parish, Clarendon. 

The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D., Assistant Minister of St. Michael's 
parish, Charleston. 

The Rev. Francis Pad more Delavaux, Rector of St. Bartholomew's parish. 

The Rev. Rodolphus Dickinson, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Pendleton. 

The Rev. Charles Pinckney Elliott, Charleston. 

The Rev. Patrick Hinds Folker, Rector of Trinity Church, Columbia. 

The Rev. Andrew Fowler, Charleston. 

The Rev. Hugh Fraser, residing in All-Saints, Waccamaw. 

The Rev Christopher Edwards Gadsden, D. D., Rector of St. Philip's par 
ish, Charleston. 

The Rev. Allston Gibbes, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's parish, Charles 
ton. 

The Rev. Henry Gibbes, Rector of All-Saints, Waccamaw. 

The Rev. Paul Trapier Gervais, residing in St. John's, Colleton. 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D., residing in Charleston. 

The Rev. Philip Gadsden, Deacon, Charleston. 

The Rev. Christian Hanckell, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. George W. Hathaway, Deacon, Minister of St. David's Church, 
Cheraw. 

The Rev. Paul Trapier Keith, Deacon, Assistant Minister of Prince George'a 
parish. Winvaw. 

The Rev. Maurice Harvey Lance, Rector of Prince George's parish.Winyaw. 

The Rev. William H. Mitchell, Rector of St. James's parish, Santee. 

The Rev. Mellish J. Motte, Charleston. 

The Rev. Philip Matthews, Rector of St. Helena Church, St. Helena Island. 

The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., residing at Rocky Mount. 

The Rev. Edward Neufville, Deacon, Missionary in Prince William's par 
ish and the parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Thomas Osborne, Rector of Trinity Church, Edisto, and St. Ste 
phen's, Edingsville 

The Rev. Edward Phillips, Domestic Missionary, and Minister of St. Ste 
phen's, (a free Episcopal Chapel,) Charleston. 

The Rev. Milward Pogson, residing in Charleston. 

The Rev. Francis Huger Rutledge, Rector of the parish of St. Thomas and 
St Dennis, and of Grace Church, Sullivan's Island. 

The Rev. John Jacob Tschudy, Rector of St. John's, parish, Berkley. 

The Rev. Thomas House Taylor, Rector of St. John s parish, Colleton. 



1826.] 



APPENDIX. 215 



The Rev. Edward Thomas, Missionary in Greenville District. 
The Rev. Peter Van Pelt, Rector of St. Luke's parish. 
The Rev. Joseph R. Walker, Rector of St. Helena parish, Beaufort. 
The Rev. William S. Wilson, Deacon, residing in Columbia. 36. 

GEORGIA. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of South Carolina, performing 

Episcopal offices, according to the canons. 
The Rev. Abiel Carter, Rector 01 Christ Church, Savannah. 
The Rev. Lot Jones, Rector of Christ Church, Macon. 
The Rev. Hugh Smith, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Augusta. 
The Rev. Samuel Strong, Oglethorpe county. 4. 

OHIO. 

The Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D., Bishop, and President of the The 
ological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Dio 
cese of Ohio, and of Kenyon College, residing in Worthington. 

The Rev. Cotesworth P. Bronson, Deacon, Missionary. 

The Rev. Freeman, Minister of Trinity Church, Cleveland. 

The Rev. John Hall, Minister of St. Peter ( s Church, Ashtabula. 

The Rev. Samuel Johnston, Minister of Christ Church, Cincinnati. 

The Rev. Joseph Lanston, residing at Troy. 

The Rev. Gideon M'Millan, Minister of St. James's Church, Piqua. 

The Rev. Intrepid Morse, Minister of St. Paul's Church, Steubenville, and 
St. James's Church, Cross Creek. 

The Rev. William Sparrow, professor of Languages in Kenyon College. 9. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

The Rev. Adam Cloud, residing in Jefferson county. 

The Rev. John W. Cloud, Minister of St. John's, Port Gibson. 

The Rev. James a Fox, Rector of St. Paul's, Woodville. 

The Rev. Albert A. Muller, Rector of Trinity Church, Natchez. 

The Eev. James Pilmore, Rector of Christ Church, Jefferson county. 5. 



JOURNAL OF THE PROCEEDINGS 



OP THE 



BISHOPS. CLERGY AND LAITY 



OP THE 



FroMent (ypistopa! QinrrB, 

" A A % % ' 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



Iff A 



GENERAL CONTENTION, 



HELD IK 



ST. JAMES' CHURCH, IH THE CITY OP PHILADELPHIA, FBOM 
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 12xH, TO THURSDAY, AUGUST 20iH, 

INCLUSIVE, 

A.D. 1829. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 217 



LIST OF THE ATTENDING MEMBERS. 



HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D. of Pennsylvania, 
presiding Bishop. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D. of New York. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D. of the 
Eastern Diocese, comprising the States of Maine, New Hamp 
shire, Massachusetts, Vermont and Rhode Island. 

t The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., of Vir 
ginia. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D. of New Jersey. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D. 
of Connecticut. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., of 
North Carolina. 

The Right Rev. Henry Ustick Onderdonk, D. D., of Penn 
sylvania. 

The Right Rev. William Meade, D. D., of Virginia. 



HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

MAINE. 

The Rev. Norris M. Jones. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. James Mores, D. D., The Rev. Theodore Edson, 

The Rev. Alonzo Potter, The Rev. Alfred L. Baury. 



218 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, The Rev. Sylvester Nash. 

The Rev. Joel Clap, 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, D. D. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Dauiel Burhans, The Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton, 

The Rev. Francis L. Hawkes, The Rev. Reuben Sherwood. 

NEW YORK. 

The Rev. David Butler, The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk,D.D M 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., The Rev. Henry Anthon. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., The Rev. Clarkson Dunn, 
The Rev. John Croes, Jr., The Rev. William L. Johnson. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., The Rev. Jehu C. Clay, 
The Rev. Jackson Kemper, D. D., The Rev. John H. Hopkins. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Stephen "W. Presstman, The Rev. Isaac Pardee. 
The Rev. Daniel Higbee, 

MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., The Rev. William M. Stone. 
The Rev. John Johns, 

VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, The Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D., 

The Rev. Reuel Keith, D. D., The Rev. Nicholas H. Cobbs. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. John Avery, The Rev, Philip Wiley, 

The Rev. William Green, The Rev. Charles P. Elliot. 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 

en, D.D., The Re 

GEORGIA. 



The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D.D., The Rev. Christian Hanckell. 
The Rev. Allston Gibbes, 



The Rev. Edward Neufville. 

OHIO. 

The Rev. John P. Bausman, The Rev. Nathan Stem. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 219 

MISSISSIPPI. 

The Rev. James A. Pox. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 1 
MASSACHUSETTS. 

Edward A. Newton, Esq. 

VERMONT. 

Cyril Fuller, 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Alexander Jones, Esq., Nathaniel Searle, Esq. 

Stephen T. Northam, Esq., 

CONNECTICUT. 

Pitch W. Taylor. 

NEW YORK. 

The Hon. James Emott, Stephen Warren, Esq. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Mark "W. Collet, Thomas Sinnickson. 

Thomas Chapman, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

William Meredith, Esq., Edward J. StDes, Esq., 

Horace Binuey, Esq., Nathaniel P. Hobart, Esq. 

DELAWARE. 

William T. Read, Esq., Samuel Paynter, Esq. 

John Cummins, Esq., 

MARYLAND. 

Alexander C. M'Gruder, Esq., Robert H. Goldsborough, Esq., 

Samuel J. Donaldson, Esq., Ezekiel F. Chambers, Esq. 

VIRGINIA. 

Philip Nelson, Esq., James M. Garnett, Esq. 

Dr. Carter Berkeley, 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Edward L. Winslow, James W. Bryan, Esq., 

William Norwood, Gavin Hogg, Esq. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

John Potter, Esq. Philip Tidyman, M. D. 



220 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

GEORGIA. 

The Hon. George Jones. Edward F. Campbell, 

Dr. J. B. Bead, Gerard M'Laughlin. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Justin "W. Foote. 

KENTUCKY. 

John E. Cooke, M, D. 

Clergymen who were admitted to the sittings of the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and attended the same. 

RHODE ISLAND. The Rev. Clement F. Jones. 

CONNECTICUT. The Rev. William Barlow, The Rev. Origin P. Holcomb, 
The Rev. Hector Humphreys, The Rev. Henry R. Judah, the Rev. Horatio 
Potter. 

NEW YORK. The Rev. John M. Guion, The Rev. Edward J. Higbee, The 
Rev. Ravaud Kearney, The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, D. D., The Rev. Henry M. 
Mason, The Rev. James Milnor, D. D., The Rev. David Moore, The Rev. Wil 
liam A. Muhlenberg, The Rev. Samuel Nichols, The Rev. Addison Searle, The 
Rev. Samuel H. Turner, D. D., The Rev. George Upfold, M. D., The Rev. 
John Wiley, Jr. 

NEW JERSEY. The Rev. Matthew Matthews, The Rev. Simon Wilmer. 

PENNSYLVANIA. The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., The Rev. Thomas 
G. Allen, The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, The 
Rev. Samuel Bowman, The Rev. George Boyd, The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, 
The Rev. Raymond A. Henderson, The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., The 
Rev. Joseph Jaquett, The Rev. William C. Meade, The Rev. Richard U. Morgan, 
The Rev. Norman Nash, The Rev. Robert Piggot, The Rev. William H. Rees, 
The Rev. John Reynolds, The Rev. Greensbury W. Ridgley, The Rev. Wil 
liam Bryant, The Rev. Levi Bull, The Rev. John B. Clemson, The Rev. Pierce 
Connelly, the Rev. Joab G. Cooper, The Rev. Jacob M. Douglass, The Rev. 
Charles M. Dupuy, The Rev. John Rodney, Jr., The Rev. Edward Rutledge 
The Rev. George Sheets, The Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves* The Rev. Benjamin 
B. Smith, The Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, The Rev. Peter Van Pelt, The Rev. 
George Weller, The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., The Rev. James Wiltbank. 

MARYLAND. The Rev. John V. Bartow, The Rev. William Hawley, The 
Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, The Rev. Henry V. D. Johns, 

VIRGINIA. The Rev. Caleb J. Good, The Rer. Daniel L. B. Goodwin, The 
Eev. George A. Smith, The Rev. Andrew Syrae, The Rev. Edward W. PeeL, 

NOBTH CABOLINA. The Rev. John R. Goodman. 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



Ijjousp of Qlfriral anil Ean 



T |! 5 ~ PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST 12, 1829. 

.') IJ l!p being the place and day appointed for the meeting 
of the General Convention of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States of America ; 
divine service was celebrated in St. James' Church. 

The morning prayer was read by the Rev. Francis L. 
Hawkes of Connecticut, and a sermon preached by the 
Right Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, D. D., LL. D., of the same 
Diocese. The holy Communion was then administered by 
the Right Rev. the senior Bishop, assisted by other Bishops 
present. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., was then appointed 
Chairman pro tern., and the Secretary of the House at the 
last Convention acted as Secretary pro tern. 

The following Clerical and Lay Deputies presented testi 
monials of their respective appointments, and took their 
seats. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

From Massachusetts, the Rev. James Morss, D. D., the 
Rev. Alonzo Potter, the Rev. Theodore Edson, the Rev. Al 
fred L. Baury. From "Vermont, the Rev. Abraham Bron- 
son, the Rev. Joel Clap. From Rhode Island, the Rev. 
Nathan B. Crocker, D. D. From Connecticut, the Rev. 
221 



222 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Daniel Burhans, the Rev. Francis L. Hawkes. From New 
York, the Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., the Rev. Benjamin T. 
Onderdonk, D. D., the Rev. Henry Anthon. From New 
Jersey, the Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., the Rev. John 
Croes, Jr., the Rev. Clarkson Dunn, the Rev. William L. 
Johnson. From Pennsylvania, the Rev. James Montgom 
ery, D. D., the Rev. Jackson Kemper, D. D., the Rev. Jehu 
C. Clay, the Rev. John H. Hopkins. From Delaware, the 
Rev. Stephen W. Presstman, the Rev. Daniel Higbee, the 
Rev. Isaac Pardee. From Maryland, the Rev. William E. 
Wyatt, D. D., the Rev. John Johns, the Rev. William M. 
Stone. From Virginia, the Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, the 
Rev. Renel Keith, D. D., the Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. 
D., the Rev. Nicholas H. Cobbs. From North Carolina, 
the Rev. John Avery, the Rev. William M. Green, the Rev. 
Philip B. Wiley. From South Carolina, the Rev. Christo 
pher E. Gadsden, D. D., the Rev. Allston Gibbes, the Rev. 
Christian Hanckel. From Georgia, the Rev. Edward Neuf- 
ville. From Ohio, the Rev. John P. Bausman, the Rev. 
Nathan Stem. From Mississippi, the Rev. James A. Fox. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

From Vermont, Cyril Fuller. From Rhode Island, Al 
exander Jones; Esq. From Connecticut, Fitch W. Taylor. 
From New York, the Hon. James Emott. From New Jer 
sey, Mark W. Collet, Thomas Chapman. From Pennsylva 
nia, William Meredith, Esq., Horace Binney, Esq., Edward 
J. Stiles, Esq., Nathaniel P. Hobart, Esq. From Delaware, 
William T. Reed, Esq., John Cummins, Esq., Samuel Payn- 
ter, Esq. From Maryland, Alexander C. Magruder, Esq., 
Samuel I. Donaldson, Esq., Robert H. Goldsborough, Esq., 
Ezekiel F. Chambers, Esq. From Virginia, Philip Nelson, 
Esq., Dr. Carter Berkeley, James M. Garnett, Esq. From 
North Carolina, Edward L. Winslow. From South Caro 
lina, John Potter, Esq., Philip Tidyman, M. D. From 
Georgia, the Hon. George Jones, Dr. J. B. Read, Edward 
F. Campbell, Gerard M'Laughlin. From Mississippi, Jus 
tin W. Foote. 

The House then proceeded to an election by ballot, of a 
President and Secretary. 

The Rev. William 'E. Wyatt, D. D., was chosen Presi- 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 223 

dent, and the Kev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., Secre 
tary. 

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to inform the 
House of Bishops, that this House is organized, and ready 
to proceed to business. 

The Rev. Mr. Burhans and Mr. Meredith were appointed. 

The House of Bishops returned for answer that they also 
having elected the Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., their Secretary, 
were organized and ready to proceed to business. 

On motion, Resolved, That the rules of order of the last 
Convention be adopted for the government of this, and be 
read. 

The rules of order were read accordingly, as follows : 

1. The Morning Service of the Church shall be performed 
every day during the session of the Convention. 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, except to 
address the chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service of the 
House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak or deliver any 
matter to the House, he shall, with due respect, address him 
self to the President, confining himself strictly to the point 
in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate, without leave of the House. 

6. While the President is putting any question, the mem 
bers shall continue in their seats, and shall not hold any pri 
vate discourse. 

7. Every member who shall be in the House when any ques 
tion is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unlses he be per 
sonally interested in the discussion. 

8. No motion shall be considered as before the House un 
less seconded, and, when required, reduced to writing. 

9. When a motion is under consideration, no other motion 
shall be made, except to amend, to divide, to commit, or post 
pone it ; but a motion to adjourn shall always be in order, 
and shall be decided without debate. A question on amend 
ment shall be decided before the original motion. 

10. All committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered. 



224 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

11. When the House is about to rise, every member shall 
keep his seat until the President leaves his chair. 

On motion, Resolved, That Clergymen of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, Trustees, Professors, and Students of the 
General Theological Seminary, and other Students of The 
ology, and Candidates for holy orders in this Church, who 
may be in the city of Philadelphia during the meeting of this 
Convention, and are not members thereof, be admitted to the 
sittings of this House. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary be authorized 
to appoint a gentleman, not a member of the House, as As 
sistant Secretary. 

On motion, Resolved, That the delegates from the several 
Dioceses represented in this Convention, shall be called on 
to-morrow to state to this House what documents they 
have to present to the House, agreeably to the 45th Canon of 
1808, and to lay the same on the Secretary's table ; and also 
for the quota required by a resolution of the Convention of 
1823, towards the expenses of the Cnovention. 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to ex 
amine the Journal of the last Convention, and to report the 
unfinished business, if any. 

The Rev. Dr. Montgomery, Mr. Magruder, and Mr. Ho- 
bart, were appointed. 

On motion, Resolved, That the President appoint at his 
leisure, a Standing Committee on the General Theological 
Seminary, and another on the Domestic and Foreign Mission 
ary Society. 

Resolved, That this House will meet daily at 9 o'clock, 
A. M., and commence business with the Morning Prayer, and 
adjourn at 3 o'clock, P. M. ; and that information of this be 
sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That seats be provided for the 
Right Rev. the Bishops, when they shall choose to attend the 
deliberations of this House ; and that information hereof be 
sent to the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, That a list of the members of this House be 
printed for the use of the House. 

The House adjourned until to-morrow morning, at 9 
o'clock. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 225 

THURSDAY, August 13, 1829. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Benjamin T. Onder- 
donk, D. D., of New York. 

The following Clerical and Lay Deputies, having present 
ed credentials of their respective appointments, appeared 
and took their seats : 

From Maine, The Rev. Norris M. Jones. From New 
Hampshire, The Rev. Charles Burroughs. From Massachu 
setts, Edward A. Newton, Esq. From Connecticut, The 
Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton, The Rev. Reuben Sherwood. 
From New Jersey, Thomas Sinnickson. From North Caro 
lina, The Rev. Charles P. Elliot, William Norwood. 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read and 
approved. 

Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the Secretary ap 
pointed the Rev. Wm. C. Meade, Assistant Secretary. 

A Journal of a Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Tennessee was laid before the House, 
with a request that the said Church be received into union 
with this Convention. 

Resolved, That the said Journal be referred to a com 
mittee. The Rev. Mr. Presstman, the Rev. Dr. Keith, and 
Mr. Winslow, were appointed. 

The following documents relative to the election of the 
Rev. William Meade, D. D., as Assistant Bishop of the 
Diocese of Virginia, were received. 
Extracts from a printed " Journal of the Proceedings of the 

Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the 

Diocese of Virginia, which assembled in the town of Char- 

lottesville, on Wednesday, the 20th day of May, 1829." 

" Mr. Hugh Nelson offered the following resolution, which 
on motion, was laid upon the table : 

" Resolved, That this Convention deem it expedient, con 
sidering the age and bodily infirmity of our most venerated 
Bishop, to proceed to the election of an Assistant Bishop, 
who is not to be considered as entitled to the succession ; 
but that it shall be the right and duty of the Convention of 
the Diocese of Virginia, on the demise of our venerated 
Bishop, to proceed to the election of a principal Bishop, aa 
a successor to the said deceased Bishop." 

" The Convention then proceeded, on motion, to the con- 



226 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

sideration of the resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Hugh 
Nelson, and on the question being taken, the same was car 
ried in the affirmative. 

" AYES : The Rev. Ebenezer Boyden, Nicholas H. Cobbs, 
John Cole, John Cooke, Henry W. Ducachet, Zachariah 
H. Goldsmith, John Grammer, Caleb J. Good, Johannes 
Edward Jackson, William Jackson, Thomas Jackson, Wil 
liam G. H. Jones, Reuel Keith, George Lemmon, William F. 
Lee, Edward C. M'Guire, John P. M'Guire, John Philips, 
George A. Smith, John H. Wingfield, and Franklin G. Smith. 
Messrs. Thomas Marshall, Hector Harris, John H. Hill, Wil 
liam H. Thompson, Carter Berkeley, Junius A. Clay, Philip 
A. Boiling, Thomas Nelson, Obed Waite, Philip Nelson, Ed 
ward B. Withers, Westwood S. Armistead,Thurmer Hoggard, 
Hugh Nelson, John Nelson, William Boiling. John Gray, 
William Mayo, Seth Ward, Parke F. Berkeley, John Stuart, 
Isaac Winston, Richard S. Ellis, Gerard Alexander, John L. 
Thomas, Benjamin B. Taliaferro, Henry Clagget, George W. 
Rothrock, and Francis J. Wiatt. 50. 

" NOES : The Rev. Robert B. Croes, Charles Dresser, 
James Doughen, Adam Empie, Frederick W. Hatch, Nahurn 
G .Osgood, and Charles II. Page, Messrs Thomas Withers, 
Jr., E. A. Morrison, John G. Williams, Walter W. Webb, 
Edmund I. Lee, and Peter M'Vickar. 13. 

" The Convention then proceeded, agreeably to the resolu 
tion last adopted, and the 5th article of the Constitution, to 
the election of an Assistant Bishop, after secret prayer to 
God. 

" The Clergy then proceeded to nominate and appoint, by 
ballot, some fit and qualified Clergyman for that office, and 
on counting the ballots, there were found twenty-five votes in 
favour of the Rev. William Meade, D. D. and two blank bal 
lots, so that the Rev. William Meade, D. D. was declared to 
be duly nominated and appointed by the Clergy ; and then 
the said appointment was presented to the order of the Lay 
Delegates, and upon a ballot being taken among them, there 
were found in favour of the Rev. William Meade, D. D. thir 
ty-six votes, being the whole number of votes given in, and 
thereupon the Rev. William Meade, D. D. was declared to 
be duly elected. 

" On motion, Resolved, That a Committee be appointed 
to announce to the Rev. Dr. Meade, his election to the office 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 227 

of Assistant Bishop of this Diocese, and thereupon the Rev. 
Henery W. Ducachet and Mr. Hugh Nelson, were appointed. 
" The Committee then retired, and after some time re 
turned, and reported that the Rev. Dr. Meade had consented 
to accept the office." 

CERTIFICATE FROM THE CHAIRMAN PRO TEM. OF THE ABOVE 
CONVENTION. 

" This is to certify, that at the annual meeting of the 
Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Di 
ocese of Virginia, held at Charlottesville, on the 20th of 
May, 1829, the Rev. William Meade, D. D., was duly elected 
Assistant Bishop of the Diocese. 

" EDWARD C. M'GUIRE, 
" Chairman pro tern, of the Convention. 
" PHILADELPHIA, August 13, 1829." 

CERTIFICATE FROM THE RIGHT REV. BISHOP MOORE. 

" This is to certify, that the Rev. William Meade, D. D., 
was duly elected to the office of Assistant or Suffragan Bish 
op, of the Diocese of Virginia, at a Convention of the 
Church held in Charlottesville, in the month of May last 
past ; at which time he obtained the vote of the whole 
Convention, two votes only excepted. 

" RICHARD CHANNING MOORE, 

" Bishop of the Diocese of Virginia. 
" PHILADELPHIA, August 13, 1829." 

On motion, Resolved, That the above documents be re 
ferred to a Committee consisting of the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, 
the Rev. Mr. Hopkins, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, Col. Cham 
bers and Mr. Binney. 

The President announced the following Standing Com 
mittees, agreeably to the resolution of yesterday : 

On the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, The 
Rev. Mr. Potter, the Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, 
Mr. Meredith and Mr. Newton. 

On the General Theological Seminary, The Rev. Mr. 
Gibbes, the Rev. Dr. Wharton, the Rev. Dr. Montgomery, 
Mr. Meredith and Col. Chambers. 

A communication was received from the House of Bish 
ops, accompanying certain documents respecting the Church 
of Denmark ; and proposing a mode of preserving the said 



228 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

documents for the future order of the Convention. Where 
upon, 

Resolved, That this House concur with the House of 
Bishops in the proposed mode of preserving the said doc 
uments. 

The Committee on unfinished business submitted the fol 
lowing Report : 

The Committee appointed to report upon the unfinished 
business of the last General Convention Report, that they 
have examined (he Journal of the last Convention, and that 
the following matters recorded therein remain unfinished : 

1. The fourth resolution upon the report of the Commit 
tee on Psalms and Hymns, originating in the House of Bish 
ops, and concurred iu by this House, which resolution is in 
these words : 

" Resolved, That the said Committee be continued, with 
a view to the Psalms in metre, and be directed to report on 
them at the next General Convention." Vide pp. 64, 80, 
of the last Journal. 

2. The resolutions received from the House of Bishops on 
the subject of certain changes in the order for reading the 
Psalter and Lessons, in the office of Confirmation, and in 
the rubric at the end of the Communion service, and con 
curred in by this House. Vide pp. 65, 76. 

3. The business committed to a joint committee, relative 
to Seminaries of learning, &c., which Committee, by a con 
current vote of the two Houses, was continued. Vide p. 66. 

4. A resolution relative to the establishment of a General 
Tract Society, which contemplates a report at this Conven 
tion. Vide p. 66. 

5. A resolution creating a joint Committee of this House 
and the House of Bishops, for the purpose of revising the 
Canons of this Church, &c., and requiring a report to this 
Convention. Vide p. 66. 

6. A resolution relative lo an alteration of the second 
clause of the eighth article of the Constitution of this 
Church, by adding the words " or the Articles of Religion" 
after the words " other offices of the Church." 

JAMES MONTGOMERY, ) n 

ALEXANDER C. MAGRUDER, } L 
NATH. P. HOBART, \ a **' 

Philadelphia, August 13, 1829. 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 229 

Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the Delegates 
from the several Dioceses were called on to report what doc 
uments they had to present, agreeably to the 45th canon of 
1808, and to lay the same on the Secretary's table. 

The Committee on the state of the Church was then ap 
pointed, agreeably to the 45th canon of 1808, as follows : 

The Kev. Mr. Jones of Maine, The Rev. Mr. Burroughs 
of New-Hampshire, The Rev. Mr. Edson of Massachusetts, 
The Rev. Mr. Bronson of Vermont, The Rev. Dr. Crocker 
of Rhode Island, The Rev. Mr. Burhans of Connecticut, 
The Rev. Dr. Onderdonk of New York, The Rev. Mr. Croes 
of New Jersey, The Rev. Mr. Hopkins of Pennsylvania, 
The Rev. Mr. Presstman of Delaware, The Rev. Mr. Stone 
of Maryland, The Rev. Dr. Ducachet of Virginia, The Rev. 
Mr. Green of North Carolina, The Rev. Mr. Hanckel, of 
South Carolina, The Rev. Mr. Neufville of Georgia, The Rev. 
Mr. Bausman of Ohio, The Rev. Mr. Fox of Mississippi. 

A communication was received from the Trustees of the 
New York Protestant Episcopal Press. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the Secretary of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, in future, have the Journals of the Gen 
eral Convention, the Pastoral Letters of the House of Bish 
ops, &c., printed at the New York Protestant Episcopal 
Press, provided said Press will do the work on as reasonable 
terms as any other ; and that the Secretary, in future, be 
careful to have the Journals printed in a type of a uniform 
character, and on paper of a uniform size, in order that they 
may be bound together. 

Resolved, That the delegates from each Diocese shall 
be, to-morrow, called on to lay before this House, the cer 
tificate required by a resolution of the General Convention 
of 1823, " stating the exact number of clergymen in the 
Diocese, and the amount of funds paid, or secured to be paid 
therein" to the General Theological Seminary ; and also 
the nomination by the Diocese of a Trustee or Trustees of 
the Seminary. 

The Secretary submitted a report relative to his receipts 
and expenditures on account of the Conventional Fund, and 
an account of Messrs. T. & J. Swords of New York, against 
the Convention for printing, &c. 

On motion, the Secretary's report, and the account of the 



230 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Messrs. Swords, were referred to a Committee consisting of 
Mr. Cummins, Mr. A. Jones and Mr. Chapman. 

The following resolution was then proposed : 

Resolved, That with the consent of the House of Bish 
ops, the next meeting of the Convention be held in the city 
of Philadelphia, on the third Wednesday in October, 1832. 

The above resolution was, on motion, referred to a Com 
mittee consisting of the Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. Mr. 
Wheaton, and Mr. Goldsborough. 

The Triennial Report of the Domestic and Foreign Mis 
sionary Society was received from the House of Bishops, 
and referred to the Standing Committee on the said Society. 

The Report of the Trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary was received from the House of Bishops, read, and 
referred to the Standing Committee on the said Seminary. 

Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the Delegates 
from the several Dioceses were called on for the quotas of 
their respective Dioceses to the Conventional Fund, agreea 
bly to the resolution of the Convention of 1823. 

A resolution was then offered that the House of Bishops 
be requested to appoint a Committee of their House to con 
fer with the Committee of this House on the subject of the 
documents respecting the election of an Assistant Bishop of 
Virginia. 

Resolved, That the consideration of the above resolu 
tion be postponed, for the purpose of considering the fol 
lowing : 

Resolved, That two members be added to the Commit 
tee of this House, on the documents respecting the election 
of an Assistant Bishop of Virginia. 

The consideration was postponed accordingly, and the 
proposed substitute passed. 

The Rev. Mr. M'Guire and the Rev. Mr. Johns were ap 
pointed accordingly. 

Resolved, That when this House adjourns, it will ad 
journ to meet at 11 o'clock to-morrow morning. 

The House adjourned. 

FRIDAY, August 14, 1829. 
The House met pursuant to adjournment. 
The morning prayer was read by the Rev Henry W. Du- 
cachet, M. D., of Virginia. 



[1829. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 231 

The following gentlemen, having produced testimonials 
of their respective appointments, appeared and took their 
seats. 

From New York, The Rev. David Butler, Stephen War 
ren. Esq. From North Carolina, James W. Bryan, Esq. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The Committee to whom was referred the resolution offer 
ed yesterday, respecting the time and place of the meeting 
of the next Convention, reported a resolution, that with the 
consent of the House of Bishops, the next Convention shall 
meet on the second Wednesday in October, 1832, in the city 
of New York. 

v A division of the resolution being called for, the vote was 
taken on the proposed time of meeting, and the same was 
adopted ; and then on the proposed place, which was also 
adopted. 

The above decision was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Committee to whom was referred the documents and 
application from the Church iruthe State of Tennessee made 
the following Report : 

"The Committee appointed to consider the application 
of thn Church in Tennessee to be admitted into union with 
this Convention, beg leave respectfully to report, 

" That they have had the same under their consideration, 
and that from a copy of the Journal of a Convention held 
by the Churches in that State, which they have examined, 
they find that by the second article of their Constitution, 
the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopaal Church in 
the United States of America is acceded to and adopted, and 
its authority fully recognized and acknowledged by them. 
They therefore submit the following resolution : Resolved, 
the House of Bishops concurring, That the Church in the 
State of Tennessee be admitted into union with the Gener 
al Convention. " S. W. PRESSTMAN, 

Chairman of the Committee." 

The report was accepted, and the accbmpanying resolu 
tion passed, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, resolved, That the Articles of the Constitu 
tion of this Church, and the Canons of the same which re 
late to the election, consecration and duties of Bishops, be 
printed for the use of this House. 



232 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

A report was received from the joint Committee on the 
Canons appointed by the last Convention, as follows : 

" The joint Committee on the Canons beg leave to state 
to the House of Bishops, and to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies in General Convention, that previous to the 
present session of the Convention they made several ef 
forts to perform the important duty assigned to them ; but 
owing to the residence of the members of the Committee 
in four different States, and the inability of forming a quo 
rum without the presence of members who reside in three 
of them, they have made but little progress until the pres 
ent Convention. Having now devoted themselves assidu 
ously for several days to the duty, and perceiving from what 
remains to be done, that there will not be sufficient time for 
the consideration of their report, even if it should be com 
pleted in the course of the session, they think it expedient 
to ask for a continuance of their power until the next Gen 
eral Convention, and for authority to give such publicity to 
tlieir Report, if finished before that time, as will enable the 
deputies to that Convention to come prepared for its consid 
eration at the opening of the session. 

" It is nevertheless the purpose of the Committee, in 
case their request be granted, to avail themselves of the 
quorum now present to complete, as far as practicable, the 
difficult and responsible duty committed to them. They 
therefore request the House of Bishops, and the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies to adopt the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the joint Committee appointed to revise 
the Canons of the Church be continued until the next Gen 
eral Convention, and that they be authorized to give such 
publicity to their revision of the Canons, if completed be 
fore that time, as they may deem expedient tor the informa 
tion of the Church. 

" Resolved, That any four of the Committee for the 
time being, two Bishops being present, shall always form a 
quorum. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 

"AUGUST 14. 1829. J. H. HOBART, 

JOHN CROES, 
J. P. K. HENSHAW, 
JACKSON KEMPER, 
HORACE BINNEY." 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 233 

Whereupon the resolutions attached to said report were 
adopted and sent to the House of Bishops. 

Agreeably to the resolution of yesterday, the Delegates 
of the several Dioceses presented certificates of the number 
of clergy in their several Dioceses, the sums paid or secured 
to the General Theological Seminary, and the nominations 
of Trustees of the said Seminary. 

The Committee to whom were referred the documents rel 
ative to the election of an Assistant Bishop of Virginia, 
presented the following Report : 

" The Committee to whom the appointment of the Rev. 
Dr. Meade to be the Assistant Bishop of the Diocese of Vir 
ginia was referred, repectfully report as follows, viz. 

" That there appears to them sufficient evidence of the 
fact, that the Rev. Dr. William Meade has been elected As 
sistant Bishop of the Diocese of Virginia. The certificate 
required by the third canon of 1808 to be presented to this 
House, also appears to be correct ; and, from the entire con 
viction of your Committee that the personal qualifications 
of the individual elected are eminently deserving of the con 
fidence and approbation of this House, they have no diffi 
culty, so far as these points are concerned, in unanimously 
recommending that the House proceed to sign the testimo 
nial specified in the aforesaid canon, in order that the Bish 
ops may consider the propriety of his consecration. 

"But the case presents to your Committee a singularity, 
with regard to which they have not found it so easy to form 
any decisive opinion. The Diocese of Virginia seem to have 
thought fit to limit the period of Dr. Meade's Episcopal au 
thority to the life-time of Bishop Moore ; so that it is a pos 
sible event, that on his decease the Diocese may deprive Dr. 
Meade of his jurisdiction, by the election of some other indi 
vidual, and thus introduce the case of a Bishop without a 
Diocese. And the apprehension of such a result in this or 
any similar instance the various evils which your Com 
mittee anticipate to the peace of the Church, and the proper 
dignity and influence of the Episcopal order, if such a limi 
tation should be suffered to become a precedent, and the 
opinion entertained by several members of your Committee, 
that the true spirit of the Constitution would be violated by 
the consecration of a Bishop, subjected, in the very terms of 
his election, to be deprived of his jurisdiction without any 



234 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

fault on his part. These considerations have introduced 
peculiar difficulties into the subject referred to your Com 
mittee ; and as they have now arisen for the first time in the 
history of this Church, it is not a matter of surprise that 
your Committee ahould be unable to unite in their ultimate 
decision. 

" But while they would unanimously deprecate the in 
troduction of such a limitation to the exercise of the Episco 
pal office, and deeply regret its adoption in the present in 
stance, yet a majority of your Committee, not conceiving 
that any constitutional or canonical impediment at present 
exists, requiring this House to withhold their assent, and 
believing that the recurrence of a similar difficulty can be 
effectually prevented by an amendment of the Constitution, 
respectfully recommend the following resolution : 

" Resolved That this House do now proceed to sign the 
testimonial required by the third canon of 1808, in favour 
of the Eev. Dr. Meade. 

" In behalf of the Committee, 

" C. E. GADSDEN, Chairman." 

On motion, the above Report was ordered to lie on the ta 
ble, and be printed for the use of the House. 

A canon respecting the duty of clergymen to engage in 
Missionary services, was laid before the House by the dele 
gation from Georgia, agreeably to a resolution of the Con 
vention of that Diocese, and referred to the joint Committee 
on the canons. 

A canon respecting ministers of churches in which Di 
vine Service is celebrated in a foreign language, was pro 
posed, and referred to the same Committee. 

The House adjourned. 



SATURDAY, August 15, 1829. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Christopher E. 
Gadsden, D. D., of South Carolina. 

Nathaniel Searle, Esq. of Rhode Island, and Gavin Hogg, 
Esq. of North Carolina, having presented testimonials of 
their respective appointments, appeared and took their seats. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 235 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read 
and approved. 

The Committee appointed on the Secretary's Report, and 
the account of the Messrs. T. & J. Swords, submitted a Re 
port, which on motion, was referred hack to the same Com 
mittee with instructions to report what Dioceses (if any) 
have not paid their respective quotas at former Conventions ; 
and to recommend a proper mode of raising funds for pay 
ing the remaining debt of the Convention. 

The Journal of the proceedings of the first Convention of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Kentucky, 
with a request for the said Church to be received into union 
with this Convention, was received, and referred to a Com 
mittee consisting of the Rev. Mr. Burhans, the Rev. Mr. Ed- 
son, and Mr. Foote. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their concurrence with this House in passing the resolu 
tion attached to the Report of the joint Committee on the 
canons. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence with this House in receiving 
the Church in the State of Tennessee into union with the 
Convention ; and containing a recommendation to the Con 
vention of the Diocese of Tennessee to repeal a portion of 
one of their canons. 

Resolved, That the above communication from the Bish 
ops lie upon the table. 

The following preamble and resolution were unanimously 
passed : 

Whereas, since the last meeting of this Convention, by 
the inscrutable dispensation of Providence, the Rev. Wil 
liam H. Wihner, D. D., has been removed from a scene of 
wide and increasing usefulness ; and whereas, considering 
the relation in which the deceased for many years stood to 
this House, it is becoming that a suitable notice of this la 
mented event should appear on its Journal ; therefore. 

Resolved, That the Secretary record on the minutes of 
the meeting of this day an expression of the great respect 
entertained by this House for the memory of the deceased ; 
and more especially the recollection cherished by many of 
its members of the candor, urbanity, impartiality, and abil- 



236 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

ity, with which he fulfilled the duties of its presiding officer 
for several successive sessions. 

The following resolution was also unanimously passed : 

Resolved, That this House have heard with profound 
gratitude to the Almighty, who overruleth all events, and 
with lively satisfaction, of the munificent bequests of the 
late Frederick Kohne, Esq. in favour of several general in 
stitutions of our Church, and that they entertain the opin 
ion, that by those deeds he has reflected honour on his na 
tive and adopted country, and on the Church of which he 
was a member. 

On motion, Resolved. That so much of the Report of 
the Committee on unfinished business as relates to the reso 
lution of the last Convention respecting an alteration of the 
eighth Article of the Constitution, be now taken u-p for con 
sideration. Whereupon, on motion, 

Resolved, the House of Bishops concurring, That this 
Convention agree to and ratify the alteration of the eighth 
Article of the Constitution, proposed by the last Conven 
tion. 

The foregoing was sent to the House of Bishops. 

A resolution was received from the House of Bishops, 
that under existing circumstances it is not expedient to 
adopt the proposed resolutions relative to the Liturgy and 
office of Confirmation, and that they are, therefore, dismissed 
from the consideration of the Convention. 

On motion, this House concurred in the above resolution ; 
and notice was accordingly sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Report of the Committee on the documents relative 
to the election of an Assistant Bishop of Virginia, was, on 
motion, taken up, and read. 

The following resolutions, proposed as a substitute for 
that contained in the Report, were then offered, seconded, 
and considered : 

Resolved, That the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
being satisfied as to the pious and moral qualifications of the 
Rev. Wm. Meade, and of his soundness in the faith, and of 
his sufficiency in good learning for the office of Bishop in 
this Church, are ready to proceed to sign the testimonial 
required by the canon of the Church, first declaring, 

That as an important principle of Ecclesiastical policy 
has been blended with the election of the Rev. William 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 237 

Meade as the Assistant Bishop in the Diocese of Virginia, 
by a resolution of the Virginia Convention, passed at the 
session of his election, in the following words, viz. " Eesolred, 
-That this Convention deem it expedient, considering the 
age and bodily infirmity of our most venerated Bishop, to 
proceed to the election of an Assistant Bishop, who is not 
to be considered as entitled to the succession ; but that it 
shall be the right and duty of the Convention of the Diocese 
of Virginia, on the demise of our venerated Bishop, to pro 
ceed to the election of a principal Bishop as a successor to 
the said deceased Bishop." Therefore, resolved, That this 
House deem the principle contained in the said resolution 
in relation to the " succession of the Bishop elect," and to 
the " right and duty of the Virginia Convention on the de 
mise of the present Bishop, to proceed to the election of a 
principal Bishop, as a successor to the said deceased Bishop," 
is highly inexpedient and wholly inadmissible. 

Resolved, That with the expression of this opinion, this 
House will proceed to sign the canonical testimonial of the 
Rev. William Meade, Assistant Bishop elect in the Diocese 
of Virginia, which testimonial, accompanied by the forego 
ing resolutions, shall be sent to the House of Bishops. 

A resolution was then offered and seconded, that the con 
sideration of the above subject be postponed, for the pur 
pose of introducing the following : 

Whereas, the condition attached to the resolution of the 
Convention of the Diocese of Virginia, under which the 
Rev. Dr. Meade has been elected Assistant Bishop of the 
said Diocese, whereby his jurisdiction is made dependent on 
the life of the present Diocesan, is deemed by a majority 
of this House a constitutional impediment, on account of 
which his consecration ought not to take place : 

And whereas, this House has full confidence in the quali 
fications of the Rev. Dr. Meade for the Episcopal office, and 
is very anxious that no unnecessary delay should take place 
in the very desirable event of his consecration ; therefore, 

Resolved, That this House will proceed to sign the tes 
timonial in his behalf required by the third canon of 1808, 
first declaring that to the clause of the said testimonial, 
" that we do not know or believe there is any impediment, 
on account of which he ought not to be consecrated," the 
majority of its members expressly attach the exception, that 



238 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

the above mentioned condition is considered as a constitu 
tional impediment to the consecration. 

Kesolved, That the testimonial, thus signed, together 
with this preamble, and these resolutions, be sent to the 
House of Bishops, with the respectful request that the pre 
siding Bishop preserve the said testimonial, to be used as a 
testimonial in full, and without qualification, whenever the 
said presiding Bishop shall have satisfactory evidence that 
the Convention of Virginia have resolved that the Assistant 
Bishop shall succeed the Diocesan in case of survivorship. 

Resolved, That an attested copy of the foregoing pre 
amble and resolutions be sent to the Right Rev. the Bishop 
of the Diocese of Virginia, and another to the Secretary of 
the Convention of that Diocese. 

The House then adjourned. 



MONDAY, August 17, 1829. 

The House met. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Daniel Burhans of 
Connecticut. 

The minutes of the proceedings on Saturday were read 
and approved. 

The resolution offered on Saturday to postpone the con 
sideration of the substitute offered for the resolution report 
ed by the Committee on the subject of the election of an 
Assistant Bishop for Virginia was called up and considered. 
The ayes and noes being called for, they were taken as fol 
lows : 

AYES : The Rev. Mr. Butler, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, the Rev. 
Dr. Onderdonk, the Rev. Mr. Anthon, the Rev. Mr. Croes, 
the Rev. Mr. Dunn, the Rev. Dr. Montgomery, the Rev. 
Mr. Clay, the Rev. Mr. Presstman, the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, the 
Rev. Mr. Stone, Mr. Collet, Mr. Meredith, Mr. Binney, Mr. 
Stiles, Mr. Hobart, Mr. Read, Mr. Magruder, Mr. Donald- 
eon, Mr. Chambers, Mr. Potter, Dr. Read, Mr. Campbell, 
Mr. M'Laughlin, Mr. Foote. 25. 

NOES : The Rev. Mr. Jones, the Rev. Mr. Burroughs, 
the Rev. Dr. Morss, the Rev. Mr. Potter, the Rev. Mr. Ed- 
son, the Rev. Mr. Baury, the Rev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. 
Clap, the Rev. Mr. Nash, the Rev. Dr. Crocker, the Rev. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 239 

Mr. Burhans, the Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Mr. Sher 
wood, the Rev. Mr. Johnson, the Rev. Dr. Kemper, the Rev. 
Mr. Hopkins, the Rev. Mr. Pardee, the Rev. Mr. Johns, the 
Rev. Dr. Keith, the Rev. Dr. Ducachet, the Rev.. Mr. Cobbs, 
the Rev. Mr. Avery, the Rev. Mr. Green, the Rev. Mr. Wi 
ley, the Rev. Mr. Elliot, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. Mr. 
Gibbes, the Rev. Mr. Hanckell, the Rev. Mr. Neufville, the 
Rev. Mr. Bausman, the Rev. Mr. Stem, the Rev. Mr. Fox, 
Mr. Newton, Mr. Fuller, Mr. Jones, Mr. Searle, Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Emott, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Cummins, Mr. Paynter, Mr 
Goldsborough, Mr. Nelson, Dr. Berkeley, Mr. Garnett, Mr. 
Winslow, Mr. Norwood, Mr. Bryan, Mr. Hogg, Dr. Tidy- 
man, Dr. Jones. 51. 
And so the resolution to postpone was lost. 

The question was then put on considering the substitute 
proposed for the resolution reported by the Committee ; and 
the ayes and noes being called for, stood as follows : 

AYES. The Rev. Mr. Jones, the Rev. Dr. Morss, the Rev. 
Mr. Potter, the Rev. Mr. Edson, the Rev. Mr. Baury, the 
Rev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. Clap, the Rev. Mr. Nash, 
the Rev. Dr. Crocker, the Rev. Mr. Butler, the Rev. Dr. 
Kemper, the Rev. Mr. Hopkins, the Rev. Mr. Pardee, the 
Rev. Mr. Johns, the Rev. Mr. M'Guire, the Rev. Dr. Keith, 
the Rev. Dr. Ducachet, the Rev. Mr. Cobbs, the Rev. Mr. 
Avery, the Rev. Mr. Green, the Rev. Mr. Wiley, the Rev. 
Mr. Elliot, the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. Mr. Gibbes, the 
Rev. Mr. Hanckell, the Rev. Mr. Neufville, the Rev. Mr. Baus 
man, the Rev. Mr. Stem, the Rev. Mr. Fox, Mr. Newton, 
Mr. Fuller, Mr. Jones, Mr. Searle, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Emott, 
Mr. Cummins, Mr. Paynter, Mr. Goldsborough, Mr. Nelson, 
Dr. Berkeley, Mr. Garnett, Mr. Winslow, Mr. Norwood, 
Mr. Bryan, Mr. Hogg. Dr. Tidyman, Dr. Jones, Dr. Read. 
48. 

NOES: The Rev. Mr. Burroughs, the Rev. Mr. Burhans 
the Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Mr. Sherwood, the Rev. Dr. 
Lyell, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the Rev. Mr. Anthon, the 
Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. Mr. Dunn, the Rev. Mr. Johnson, 
the Rev. Dr. Montgomery, the Rev. Mr. Clay, the Rev. Mr. 
Presstman, the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, the Rev. Mr. Stone, Mr. 
Collet, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Meredith, Mr. Binney, Mr. Stiles, 
Mr. Hobart, Mr. Read, Mr. Magruder, Mr. Donaldson, Mr. 



240 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Chambers, Mr. Potter, Mr. Campbell, Mr. M'Laughlin, Mr. 
Foote. 29. 

And so it was determined that the House would consider 
the substitute offered for the resolution reported by the 
Committee. 

After considering the same, the vote was put on adopting 
the said substitute ; and the ayes and noes being called for, 
they were as follows : 

AYES : The Rev. Mr. Jones, the Rev. Dr. Morss, the Rev. 
Mr. Potter, the Rev. Mr. Edsou, the Rev. Mr. Baury, the 
Rev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. Clap, the Rev. Mr. Nash, 
the Rev. Dr. Crocker, the Rev. Dr. Kernper, the Rev. Mr. 
Hopkins, the Rev. Mr. Pardee, the Rev. Mr. Johns, the Rev. 
Mr. M'Guire, the Rev. Dr. Keith, the Rev. Dr. Ducachet, 
the Rev. Mr. Cobbs, the Rev. Mr. A very, the Rev. Mr. Green, 
the Rev. Mr. Wiley, the Rev. Mr. Elliot, the Rev. Dr. 
Gadsden, the Rev. Mr. Gibbes. the Rev. Mr. Hanckell, the 
RCM. Mr. Neufville, the Rev. Mr. Bausman, the Rev. Mr. 
Stem, the Rev. Mr. Fox, Mr. Newton. Mr. Fuller, Mr. Jones, 
Mr. Searle, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Emott, Mr. Cummins, Mr. Payn- 
ter, Mr. Goldsborough, Mr. Nelson, Dr. Berkeley, Mr. Gar- 
nett, Mr. Winslow, Mr. Norwood, Mr. Bryan, Mr. Hogg, Dr. 
Tidyman, Dr. Jones, Dr. Read. 47. 

NOES : The Rev. Mr. Burroughs, the Rev. Mr. Burhans, 
the Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Mr. Sherwood, the Rev. Mr. 
Butler, the Rev. Dr. Lyell, the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the Rev. 
Mr. Anthon, the Rev. Mr. Croes, the Rev. Mr. Dunn, the 
Rev. Mr. Johnson, the Rev. Dr. Montgomery, the Rev. Mr. 
Clay, the Rev. Mr. Presstman, the Rev. Dr. Wyatt, the Rev. 
Mr/ Stone, Mr. Collet, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Meredith, Mr. 
Binney, Mr. Stiles, Mr. Hobart, Mr. Read, Mr. Magruder, 
Mr. Donaldson, Mr. Chambers, Mr. Potter, Mr. Campbell, 
Mr. M'Laughlin, Mr. Foote. 30. 

And so the House agreed to adopt the substitute for the 
resolution reported by the Committee. 

The canonical testimonial in favour of the Rev. William 
Meade, D. D., Assistant Bishop elect of the Diocese of Vir 
ginia, was then signed by a majority of the House, and sent, 
with the documents relating to his election, to the House of 
Bishops. 

The following resolution was adopted : Resolved, That 
the House of Bishops be respectfully requested to consider 



1829.] JOUKNAL OF THE GENEKAL CONVENTION. 241 

the expediency of setting forth a prayer, and if they deem 
it expedient, to prepare such a prayer, to be set forth for use 
in our churches, as an act of intercession in behalf of the 
General Convention, during the meetings of the same.* 

A resolution respecting the deficiency in the number of 
the clergy was offered and referred to a Committee consist 
ing of the' Rev. Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. Dr. Onderdouk and 
the Rev. Mr. Gibbes. 

Leave of absence, for the remainder of the session, was 
granted to the Rev. Mr. lligbee and the Rev. Dr. Crocker. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their concurrence in agreeing to and ratifying the pro 
posed amendment of the eighth Article of the Constitution, 
by adding the words, or the articles of religion, after the 
words "other offices of the Church." 

The article, therefore, is altered accordingly. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating certain proposed alterations to the Constitution 
of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, which had 
been agreed to by that House. 

The message was referred to the Committee on the Society. 

A report, in part, was received from the joint Committee 
on canons, which was ordered to lie on the table, and be 
printed. 

The following report was made by the Committee to whom 
was referred the Journal of the Convention of the Church 
in Kentucky : 

The Committee appointed to consider the application of 
the Church in Kentucky to be admitted into union with 
this Convention beg leave respectfully to report, 

That they have had the same under consideration, and 
that from a Journal of a Convention held by the churches 
in that State, which they have examined, they find that by 
the third Article of their Constitution, the Constitution 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States 
of America is acceded to and adopted, and its authority 
fully recognized and acknowledged by said Church in Ken 
tucky. They therefore submit the following resolution : 

Resolved, the House of Bishops concurring, That the 

* Through inadvertence, the above resolution was not sent to the House 
of Bishops. 



242 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Church in the State of Kentucky be admitted into union 
with the General Convention. 

DANIEL BURHANS, Chairman. 

On motion, the House agreed to the resolution admitting 
the Diocese of Kentucky into union with this Convention, 
and the resolution was sent to the House of Bishops for 
their concurrence. 

Leave of absence, on account of sickness in his family, 
was granted, for the remainder of the session, to the Rev. 
Dr. Keith. 

On motion, Resolved, That the House will not grant 
leave of absence to any member, except for satisfactory rea 
sons, stated to the House, and entered on the minutes. 

The House adjourned. 



TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 1829. 

The House met. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Theodore Edson of 
Massachusetts. 

The Committee to whom were referred the Secretary's re 
port of receipts and expenditures, and the account of Messrs. 
T. & J. Swords, presented the following report : 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the 
account of the Secretary of this House, and the account of 
T. & J. Swords for printing the Journal of the last Conven 
tion, &c., respectfully report, 

That the expenses incurred under the direction of the 
Convention of 1826 were, 

For printing Bishop Bowen's Sermon, - $42.66 

For printing done by Atkins and Alexander, - 3.75 

For printing Pastoral Letter and paper, - 42.00 

For printing Journal of the General Convention, 

2000 copies and paper, 274.32 

For printing circulars to the Secretaries of Con 
ventions, 3.88 
For printing notices respecting postage of Journal, - 2.00 
For transcribing in minute-book the proceedings 

of Convention of 1826, - 30.00 

Carried up, $398.61 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 243 

Amount brought np, $398.61 

For printing by William Stavely, - 15.50 

For Stationery from J. Dobson, 3.75 
To the above add balance due to T. & J. Swords, 

on account allowed "by Convention of 1826, 188.20 
And for paper, twine, postage, &c., for transport 
ing Journal for 1823, omitted in former ac 
count, - - 3.00 
And for do. do. do. for 1826, 3.00 

$612.06 

Keceipts by the Secretary of this Convention, all of 
which, by his account, appears to have been ap 
propriated towards paying the expenses. 
Through the Rev. Mr. Weller, Assistant Secretary 

of last Convention, 

From South Carolina, - - $27.00 

From Virginia, 26.00 

From Ohio, - 6.75 

From Mississippi, - - 3.00 

From North Carolina, for 1823, 6.00 

From Maryland, for 1823. - 37.00 

Through the Rev. Mr. Rodney, acting As 
sistant Secretary, from sundry Dio 
ceses, - - 27.00 
From Maryland, for 1826, - 38.00 
From John C. Lowber, Esq., part of $42.75, 
the quota of Pennsylvania, the balance 
having been paid for sundry expenses, 
by the Hymn Committee, - - 15,25 
From New Jersey, - - 12,75 
From New York, - - 75,00 
Balance received from the Rev. Dr. Rudd, 

late Secretary, - 5.QQ 278.75 

$333.31 

Add interest on a balance of $81.11, due to T. & J. 

Swords, from Nov. 15, 1826, to Aug. 11, 1829, 15.38 

Balance due from General Convention, $348.69 

The Committee on accounts respectfully report, that there 
is wanting, for the purpose of satisfying the balance of ex 
penses incurred by the order of formt-r Conventions, the sum 
of $348.69, and the Committee recommend that u request 



244 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

be made of the several State or Diocesan Conventions, to 
contribute their respective quotas, and in order to the ef 
fecting that object, they submit the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Secretary of this House be, and he 
is hereby authorized to write to the Secretaries of each 
State or Diocesan Convention, and request that a special 
assessment of one dollar for each clergyman be collected and 
remitted to said Secretary, for the purpose of paying the 
debt now due from the General Convention. 

The Committee report further, conformably to the resolu 
tion referring the accounts back to tht^m, that they have 
made the necessary examination in order to ascertain which 
Dioceses have not paid their respective quotas, but were un 
able to obtain satisfactory information, inasmuch as the 
receipts from sundry Dioceses have been reported in the 
account of the Secretary in aggregate. 

JOHN CUMMINS, 

Chairman of the Committee. 

On motion, the House adopted the resolution presented 
by the Committee. 

The Committee to whom was yesterday referred the reso 
lution respecting the deficiency in the number of the clergy 
reported the following preamble and resolution : 

Whereas, there exists an alarming deficiency in the num 
ber of our clergy, so that many of our congregations are un- 
supplied, and our Missionary Societies are unable to obtain 
as many Missionaries as they wish ; therefore, 

Resolved, That the House of Bishops be, and they 
hereby are respectfully requested, if they deem the measure 
expedient, to bring this subject, in any way they may think 
proper, to the view of the members of our Church, urging 
upon them the especial obligation to assist, by the formation 
of education societies, or otherwise, pious and indigent can 
didates for the sacred office ; and also recommending to the 
Clergy to present the same subject to the consideration of 
pious parents and youth, in their respective congregations. 

On motion, the above was adopted and sent to the House 
of Bishops. 

The Rev. Mr. Burhans applied for, and obtained, leave of 
absence for the remainder of the session, after to-day, on 
account of the existence of epidemic disease in his parish. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 245 

The communication from the House of Bishops on the 
subject of receiving the Diocese of Tennessee into union 
with this Convention, being called up>for consideration, it 
was Resolved, That this House concur with the House of 
Bishops in their recommendation relative to one of the 
canons of the Convention of that Diocese. 

A report was received from the joint Committee to whom 
was referred by the last Convention, the subject of procuring 
a copyright of the Hymns, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

A resolution on the same subject was presented, and or 
dered to lie on the table. 

The following resolution was then passed and sent to the 
House of Bishops. 

Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur, That the 
joint Committee to obtain a copyright for the Hymns be 
authorized, upon the recommendation of the Committee on 
Psalms and Hymns, to defray the expenses incurred by sun 
dry individuals in publications which have been of essen 
tial aid to the Committee on Psalms and Hymns in prepar 
ing their reports, and to appropriate the surplus to paying 
the balance of debt incurred at former meetings of this 
Convention, and that the said surplus be paid to the Secre 
tary of this House for that purpose. 

The report of the joint Committee on the canons was call 
ed up for consideration, and five canons adopted by this 
House, and sent to the House of Bishops for their concur 
rence, with the following titles, viz. 

" Of those who have officiated as Ministers among other 
denominations of Christians, and apply for orders in this 
Church." 

" Offences for which Ministers shall be tried and pun 
ished." 

" To govern in the case of a Minister declaring that he 
will no longer be a Minister of this Church." 

" Concerning Ministers removing from one Diocese or 
State to another." 

" Of Assistant Bishops." 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a record of their proceedings relative to the con 
secration of the Assistant Bishop elect of Virginia. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence in the resolution of this House 



246 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [182 9. 

relative to the appropriation of funds in the hands of the 
Commitiee holding the copyright of. the Hymns, with a pro 
viso in which they requested the concurrence of this House. 
Whereupon, on motion, 

Resolved, That this House concur in the above proviso ; 
and that notice of such concurrence be sent to the House 
of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, on 
the subject of the resolution sent from this House relative 
to the deficiency in the number of the clergy. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating their concurrence in the resolution of this 
House, admitting the Diocese of Kentucky into union with 
this Convention. 

The Rev. Mr. Stone and Mr. Hogg asked for, and obtain 
ed leave of absence for the remainder of the session, on ac- 
contit of illness in their families. 

Resolved, That when this House adjourn, it will adjourn 
until 10 o'clock to-morrow morning, for the purpose of at 
tending the consecration of the Assistant Bishop elect of 
Virginia, and to assemble for business immediately after the 
services connected with that solemnity. 

The House adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, August 19, 1829. 

The House attended Divine Service in St. James's Church, 
on occasion of the consecration of the Rev. William Meade, 
D. D., Assistant Bishop elect of the Diocese of Virginia. 

Morning prayer was read by the Rev. Henry W. Duca- 
chet, M. D., of Virginia, and the sermon preached by the 
Right Rev. the presiding Bishop ; by whom, assisted by 
the other Bishops present, the consecration was performed. 

After the services, the House assembled and resolved to 
adjourn until 5 o'clock, P. M. 

WEDNESDAY, August 19, 5, P. M. 
The House met. 

The minutes of the proceedings on Monday and Tuesday 
were read and approved. 

The following preamble and resolution were passed : 
Whereas, in the celebration of the Communion office there 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 247 

is a variety of posture observed, and it is desirable that 
uniformity, as far as practicable, should be obtained in this 
respect. Therefore, 

Resolved, That this House do respectfully request of 
the House of Bishops the expression of their opinion as to 
the proper postures to be used in the said office, with a view 
of effecting uniformity in that respect during its celebration. 

A report was received from the joint Committee on the 
Psalms in metre. 

A resolution was offered, that the said report be recom 
mitted to the same Committee, with instructions to print 
and circulate a report at least one year before the meeting 
of the next General Convention. 

A resolution was laid upon the table indefinitely to post 
pone the consideration of the above resolution. 

A canon " Respecting Churches in which Divine Service 
is celebrated in a Foreign Language " was proposed and 
referred to a Committee consisting of Mr. Meredith, the Kev. 
Dr. Onderdonk and Mr. Magruder. 

The House adjourned. 



THURSDAY, August 20, 1829. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. James Morss, D. D. 
of Massachusetts. 

John E. Cooke, M. D., of Kentucky, produced testimo 
nials of his appointment as a Lay Deputy from that Dio 
cese, and took his seat. 

The minutes of the proceedings yesterday were read and 
approved. 

The Committee ou the state of the Churcl\ submitted a 
report, which was adopted by the House, and sent to the 
House of Bishops, agreeably to the 45th canon of 1808. 
It is as follows : 

REPORT ON THE STATE OP THE CHURCH. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance 
with the 45th canon of 1808, respectfully send to the House 
of Bishops the following view of the state of the Church, 
compiled from documents supplied by delegates from the 
Dioceses respectively represented in this Convention. 



248 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

MAINE. 

It is with great pleasure your Committee is enabled to 
state, that, through the blessing of Almighty God, the 
Church in this portion of the Eastern Diocese is in a more 
flourishing condition than at any former period. Since the 
last meeting of the General Convention in 1826, another 
Church has been organized and admitted to a seat in the 
State Convention, who have erected a commodious edifice for 
public worship, and who, there is good reason for believing, 
will continue to persevere as zealously as they have begun. 
The rubrics and canons of the Church are, in general, uni 
formly complied with. Great attention has been bestowed 
on the subject of the religious education of children ; and 
in no part of the United States are the Sunday Schools bet 
ter ordered, better _c< inducted, or better attended. 

In behalf of Missions considerable interest is excited ; 
though the amount contributed- for that purpose does not 
admit of any assistance being afforded to societies beyond the 
limits of the Diocese. Indeed, were the amount contributed 
tenfold what, at present, it is, there would be ample employ 
ment for the whole of it, in extending the bounds of the 
Church in this State. No part of the Union affords a more 
extensive field for missionary exertion, and none, certainly, 
more needs assistance. With a population of near 300,000 
souls, which is daily increasing, there are as yet but three 
organized Episcopal congregations ; whereas, were the nec 
essary means afforded, before a twelve-month double that 
number could be added to our communion. This consider 
ation, it is hoped, will induce some, to whom a gracious 
Providence has given wealth and abundance, to bestow some 
portion of it in promoting the cause of their Redeemer and 
benefactor in this distant region. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

There are eight Episcopal Churches in this State. Two 
are in Claremont ; the rest are in the towns of Portsmouth, 
Hopkinton, Holderness, Cornish, Charleston and Urewsville. 
There are five Presbyters in the State, the Rev. Messrs. 
Charles Burroughs, Moses B. Chase, Robert Fowle, James B. 
Howe, George Leonard ; and four Deacons, the Rev. Messrs. 
Edward Ballard, Orange Clark, Benjamin Hale and Robert 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 249 

Mead. Mr. Ballard officiates at Drewsville and Charlestown ; 
Mr. Hale is Professor of Chemistry, &c., at Dartmouth 
College, Hanover ; Mr. Clark has at present no parish ; Mr. 
Mead, it is said, resides in Wai pole, but for many years has 
neglected to discharge any ministerial functions ; Mr. Enoch 
Hale is a candidate for orders, and proposes to reside at 
Great Falls, and occasionally to read prayers to a few Epis 
copalians of that place. Since the last Convention a beau 
tiful and commodious church has been built at Hopkinton. 
In consequence of the omission of returns from some of the 
parishes, a correct return of parochial reports cannot be fur 
nished. 

Within the past year it has pleased God to remove by 
death the Kev. George Richardson, who was a man of much 
piety and usefulness. Sunday Schools are established in 
almost every Church. A general interest is felt in the Gen 
eral Missionary Society of the Church. Two societies, aux 
iliary to the one last mentioned, have been formed in St. 
John's Church, Portsmouth ; and a female Missionary So 
ciety has been established at Hopkinton. Strict attention 
is paid in the State to the regulations and rubrics of the 
Church. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

We are happy to record the blessing of God on this por 
tion of his vineyard, manifested in the continuance and grad 
ual increase of that prosperity w ith which this Church has 
been favored for several years past. 

The present number of clergy is thirty-one. The follow 
ing persons have been ordained Deacons, viz. : James M. 
Tappan, Henry C. Knight, William Horton, George F. Has- 
kins, Joseph H. Price, James Everett and James H. Tyng. 

The Rev. Benjamin C. C. Parker, the Rev. Eleazer M. 
P. Wells, the Rev. Thomas W. Coit, the Rev. William Cros- 
well, the Rev. Daniel Le Baron Goodwin and the Rev. James 
Everett have been ordained Priests. The Rev. George W. 
Doane, the Rev. Wi-lliam Croswell, the Rev. E. M. P. Wells, 
the Rev. John West, the Rev. Lott Jones and the Rev. Stur- 
ges Gilbert, have been received into the State. And the 
Rev. Southerland Douglas, the Rev. George Griswold, the 
Rev. Thomas S. W. Mott, the Rev. Henry C. Knight and 
the Rev. James M. Tappan, have removed from it. 



250 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

The Rev. George Otis, Rector of Christ Church, Cam 
bridge, has departed this life. The vacancy occasioned by 
this afflicting dispensation of divine Providence has been fill 
ed by the removal of the Rev. Thomas W. Coit from the 
rectorship of St. Peter's Church, Salem, to that of Christ 
Church, Cambridge, into which he has been recently insti 
tuted. The Rev. William Croswell has been instituted 
Rector of Christ Church, Boston, rendered vacant by the 
resignation of the Rev. Dr. Eaton. The Rev. George W. 
Doane has become the Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, 
Boston. 

The number of congregations has increased since the last 
General Convention, and is now twenty -eight. Four new 
churches have been consecrated one in Marshfield, one in 
Ashfield, one in Sutton and one in Taunton. In Boston, 
Northampton, Blandford, Otis and Vandeusenville, respect 
ively, houses of worship have been commenced, and some 
of them are nearly completed. The number of baptisms 
reported is 823. Confirmations 229. Communicants 1415. 

By a comparison of parochial reports from year to year, 
we observe with devout gratitude to Almighty God, a very 
gradual but regular increase and advancement of the Church 
in this State. Since the last General Convention the num 
ber of congregations, ministers, baptisms, confirmations and 
communicants has increased, if not with so much rapidity 
as could have been wished, yet with such constant growth 
as. to indicate to the mind of the grateful believer, the con 
tinual dew of the divine blessing. 

The amount of missionary exertions, which we consider 
as some criterion of the state of religion, has been much 
greatersince the last General Convention than at any former 
period. 

The receipts of the Massachusetts Episcopal Mis 
sionary Society from June, 1826, to June, 
1827, amount to, $771.10 

From June, 1827, to June, 1828, - - 1675.19 

From June, 1828, to June, 1829, - 1604.54 

$405083 

Money paid to the Domestic arid Foreign Mission 
ary Society, and to other general missionary 
objects connected with the Church, 1400.00 

$5450.83 



[1829. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 251 

We cannot but express the hope that these exertions may 
be still increased, until the Church in Massachusetts shall 
sustain her full share of the enterprize of sending the Gospel 
to every creature. 

In the county of Berkshire a Missionary has been era- 
ployed by the Massachusetts Episcopal Missionary Society, 
with very satisfactory results. A new congregation has been 
organized at Otis, which gives promise of being a valuable 
acquisition to the Church. In Lenox the Church is in a 
prosperous and growing condition, and in Blandford the hopes 
of Episcopalians are revived. In other parts of the State effi 
cient missionaries are employed with encouraging prospects. 

In Taunton a Church, which had been planted previous 
to the Revolution by'missionaries of the Society for propagat 
ing the Gospel in foreign parts, and had since become nearly 
extinct, has been revived ; a congregation has been gathered, 
a commodious church has been erected, and a useful minister 
is now employed there with good hope of success. It is be 
lieved that the Church, by suitable endeavours, might be re 
vived in other places. 

We cannot but observe, however, the great want of Cler- 
gvmen for this kind of service. The harvest is great. The 
field is extensive and hopeful. But the want of labourers is 
painfully felt. There are not less than seven feeble parishes 
where missionaries might be advantageously employed ; be 
sides other places in the State where the services of an Epis 
copal Clergvman would be well received, if they could be 
obtained. There is only one candidate for the ministry in 
the State. A source of supply which has long been found 
to be insufficient, is becoming less and less so. While the 
field is widely extending itself before us, it is truly painful 
to observe, that the supply of labourers is diminishing. 

A State Sunday School Union Society has been formed 
auxiliary to the General Union, and has been more than a 
year in operation. The parochial reports exhibit a flourish 
ing condition of our Sunday Schools generally. Classes for 
Biblical instruction have been formed in most of the par 
ishes, and appear to have been attended with a divine bless 
ing to the Church. It is believed that the interest of vital 
religion is advancing, and that an increase of devotional 
spirit is manifest in a growing attachment and careful ad 
herence to the services and institutions of the Church. 



252 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

VERMONT. 

The situation of the Church in this State has not mate 
rially varied within the last three years. Four have, at 
different times, been added to the list of Clergy ; but five 
have removed ; so that the number is reduced from ten to 
nine. The number of Parishes is about the same. Two 
new church edifices have been built, one at Middlebury, and 
the other at Woodstock ; and preparations are going on for 
building one at Arlington. Some of the Parishes have been 
much weakened by removals, as well as by the common dis 
pensations of Providence : but yet the number of communi 
cants remains about the same, somewhat more than 800. 

Libraries have recently been formed in some of the Par 
ishes, in conformity with a recommendation of the State 
Convention ; and Sunday Schools are in operation wher 
ever the Churches are supplied with clergymen ; some of 
them connected with the general Union, and some of them 
furnished with considerable libraries. There are two candi 
dates for the ministry belonging to this State ; and several 
others in a course of education for the sacred office. One 
person has been ordanied Deacon, and five have been ordain 
ed Priests, within the last three years. 

Respecting the lands belonging to the Society for propa 
gating the Gospel, it is considered that all the material 
points of law have been settled in favour of the Church : 
but still there are some suits in court, which occasion con 
siderable expense, and prevent the occupation of a portion 
of the lands. Some assistance, however, has been afforded 
to each of the Parishes for the last year. 

There is a Missionary Society in this State. 

Baptisms reported in three years, adults 63 ; children 
163 ; marriages 127 ; funerals 160. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

It appears that the Church in this State continues to 
flourish. By the blessing of God upon the regular and rubri 
cal use of her evangelical services, and the faithful preaching 
of the Gospel, she is gradually adding to her numbers, and 
growing in the affections of the people. Two Parishes have 
been organized, and received as members of the Convention 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 253 

within a year, under circumstances of good promise to the 
best interests of the community. A feeling favourable to 
the religous education of children pervades almost all classes 
of people in this portion of the Eastern Diocese. They con 
tribute freely to the support, and gladly put their children 
under the influence of, Sunday School instruction. Very 
little has been done in behalf of missions, except by St. 
Michasl's Church, in Bristol, of which the Bishop is Kector. 
But it may be hoped, from the zeal in relation to this 
subject, which was manifested by the members of the last 
State Convention, and the measures they adopted, that the 
time is not distant, when the spirit of missions will be so 
identified with the spirit of Christianity as to produce 
results of some importance to the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The number of Clergymen in this Diocese, at the Conven 
tion in June last, was 59 ; and the number of parishes 78. 
Since the last Triennial Convention, ten Presbyters and ten 
Deacons have been ordained ; and seven hundred and eighty- 
four have received the rite of confirmation. The present 
number of candidates for holy orders is 12. There has been 
a respectable increase in the number of communicants ; but 
the imperfect returns exhibited in the parochial reports, ren 
der it impossible to sfr-ite the exact amount of that increase. 

Sunday Schools have been organized in nearly all the 
parishes in the Diocese. They are, for the most part in a very 
flourishing condition, and are in connection with the Protes 
tant Episcopal Sunday School Union, whose system of in 
struction is generally adopted. 

The Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge 
in the Diocese continues to give assistance to a few Mis 
sionaries, who are usefully employed in building up decayed 
parishes, and forming new congregations, in various parts 
of the Diocese. 

The cause of missions, domestic and foreign, is assuming 
more and more the importance it deserves, in the estimation 
of the Episcopalians of Connecticut ; and a general convic 
tion exists, that it is closely identified with the prosperity 



254 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

of the Church at home, and the increase of individual piety. 
Some of the congregations have set a noble example of 
Christian liberality towards this object ; and from no quar 
ter do the friends of missions meet with any thing deserv 
ing the name of opposition. 

The destitution of the means of religious instruction in the 
colony at Liberia, led to a correspondence between some of 
the clergy of this and the neighbouring Dioceses ; which 
resulted in the establishment of an AFRICAN MISSION 
SCHOOL, in the city of Hartford, in the autumn of 1828. 
The object of this institution is, to prepare young men of 
colour for usefulness in the colony, in the capacity of Mis 
sionaries, Catechists, and Schoolmasters. No sooner was 
the institution made public, than liberal contributions from 
various quarters showed how deep an interest was taken in 
the prosperity of the scheme. The only embarrassment 
hitherto experienced, has arisen from the scarcity of suitable 
candidates for admission into the school ; a circumstance 
easily explained, by the difficulty of making the intelligence 
known among the people of colour. The present number of 
pupils is four, one of whom is a graduate of Amherst College. 
On leaving the school, the pupils are to be placed at the 
disposal of the Domestic and Foreign Church Missionary 
Society. 

The establishment of Washington College, of which a 
statement was given in the last Triennial Report, was an 
event of the highest importance to the Church. To the lib 
erality of the Episcopalians of Connecticut ; and more par 
ticularly, to the exertions and sacrifices of the city of Hart 
ford, is this institution indebted for its endowment. Its 
progress hitherto has been fully equal to the expectations of 
its friends. At its third annual Commencement, on the 
first Thursday in August. 1829, the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts was conferred on twenty young men, alumni of the 
Institution. Notwithstanding the short time it has been in 
operation, its literary exhibitions have evinced a proficiency 
in classical and scientific studies, not inferior to that exhib 
ited in the older institutions of our country. 

The want of ministers to serve at our altars gave rise to 
the CHURCH SCHOLARSHIP SOCIETY ; the object of which is 
"to assist meritorious young men, members of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, in the attainment of a collegiate 



1826.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 255 

education ; and when the state of the funds may be thought 
to justify the measure, candidates for Holy Orders may be 
assisted in obtaining their theological education." This is 
justly regarded as a most important event to the welfare of 
the Church ; and through the exertions of its indefatigable 
agent, the Rev. William Barlow, funds to the amount of 
more than $6,000 have already been secured. Such is the 
comprehensive plan of the institution, that its benefits are 
confined to no one diocese or college. Scholarships may be 
formed in any part of the country ; and their founders have 
the right secured to them of nominating the candidates to 
enjoy the benefits of the same, and at any college they may 
prefer. A number of beneficiaries are already enjoying the 
fruits of this institution. 

On the whole, tlie prospects of this Diocese are highly en 
couraging. It is believed that in no part of our country are 
the doctrines of the Gospel preached with more faithfulness, 
or with a more sensible influence on the hearers. 

NEW YORK. 

This Diocese consists at present of 128 clergymen (the 
Bishop, 111 Presbyters, and 16 Deacons) and 163 congrega 
tions ; being an increas^, since the last General Convention, 
of 14 clergymen, and 10 congregations. 

The following ordinations of Deacons have taken place : 

Hiram Jelliff, John D. Gilbert, William R. Whittingham 
(since removed to New Jersey,) Albert Hoyt (since de 
ceased,) Hiram Adams. John W. Curtis, William A. Curtis 
(since removed to Connecticut,) Samuel Fuller, Jr., (since 
removed to Connecticut), George L. Hinton, Edward An 
drews, John R. Goodman (since removed to North Carolina,) 
Isaac Pardee (since removed to Delaware,) John C. Porter, 
Ephraim Puriderson, Antoine Verren of the French Protes 
tant Church, Henry S. At water, Henry Gregory, Edward 
Ballard (since removed to New Hampshire,) John M. Guion, 
Uylsses M. Wheeler, Edward Y. Higbee, John Wiley, Jr. 

Total number of persons ordained Deacons, 22 ; of whom 
14, viz. Messrs. Whittingham, Adams, J. W. Curtis, W. A. 
Curtis, Fuller, Hinton, Pardee, Porter, Puriderson, Ballard, 
Guion, Wheeler, Higbee, and Wiley, are alumni of the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary. 

The following Deacons have been ordained Priests : The 



256 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Rev. Samuel R. Johnson, the Rev. John M'Carty, the Rev. 
John A. Clark, the Rev. William M. Weber, M. D., the 
Rev. George A. Shelton, the Rev. Samuel Seabury, the Rev. 
Alexander H. Crosby, the Rev. Hiram Jelliff, the Rev. Ed 
ward Davis, the Rev. William L. Keese, the Rev. Frederick 
T. Tiffany, the Rev. Norman H. Adams, the Rev. Edward 
Andrews, the Rev. Antoine Verren, the Rev. Hiram Adams, 
the Rev. Edward K. Fowler, the Rev. Albert Hoyt (since de 
ceased,) the Rev. Charles J. Todd, the Rev. Southerland 
Douglas, the Rev. John W. Curtis. 

Total number of Deacona ordained Priests, 20. 

The following clergymen have been instituted into their 
respective rectorships : The Rev. George Upfold, M. D., 
Rector of St. Thomas's Church, New York : the Rev. Levi 
S. Ives, Rector of St. Luke's Church, New York ; the Rev. 
Antoine Verren, Rector of the French Church Du St. Es 
prit, New York ; the Rev. Henry Anthon, Rector of St. Ste 
phen's Church, New York ; and the Rev. Richard D. Hall, 
from Pennsylvania, Rector of St. George's Church, Hemp- 
stead, Queen's county. 

The following clergymen have also been settled in their 
respective stations : The. Rev. Lawson Carter, Rector of 
Trinity Church, New Rochelle, Westchester county ; the 
Rev. John W. Curtis, from Pennsylvania, Rector of Grace 
Church, White Plains, and St. Thomas's Church, Mamaro- 
neck, Westchester county ; the Rev. Alexander H. Crosby, 
Rector of St. John's Church, Phillipsburg, Westchester 
county ; the Rev. Samuel Seabury, Rector of St. George's 
Church, Hallet's Cove, Queen's county ; the Rev. George 

A. Shelton, Rector of St. James's Church, Newton, Queen's 
county ; the Rev. Edward Davis, Rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Charlton, and St. Mary's Church, West Charlton, 
Saratoga county ; the Rev. John C. Rudd, D. D. Rector of 
St. Peter's Church, Auburn, Cayuga county ; the Rev. Rich 
ard S. Mason, from Pennsylvania, Rector of Trinity Church, 
Geneva, Ontario county : the Rev. John A. Clark, Assistant 
Minister of Christ Church, New York ; the Rev. William 

B. Thomas, Rector of Christ Church, Duanesburgh, Schen- 
ectaday county ; the Rev. Charles P. M'llvaine, Rector of 
St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, King's county; the Rev. 
Evan M. Johnson, Rector of St. John's Church. "Brooklyn, 
King's county ; the Rev. John Sellon, Rector of St. John's 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 257 

Church, Canandaigua, Ontario county ; the Rev. Souther- 
land Douglas, from Maryland, Rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Rochester, Monro county ; the Rev. George L. Hinton, 
Deacon, Minister of St. Andrew's Church, New York ; the 
Rev. William H. Lewis, from Connecticut, Rector of St. 
George's Church, Flushing, Queen's county ; the Rev. Rich 
ard Bury, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Albany ; the Rev. 
Benjamin Dorr, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida 
county ; the Rev. Manton Eastburn, Rector of the Church 
of the Ascension, New York ; the Rev. John Grigg, Rector 
of St. Paul's Church, Redhook, Dutchess county : the Rev. 
Hiram Jelliff, Rector of St. James's Church, North Salem, 
Westchester county : the Rev. Phineas L. Whipple, Rector 
of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, Rensselaer county. 

Thirty-five missionaries are at present employed in this 
Diocese, of whom the following have entered on their duties 
since the last General Convention : The Rev. Hiram Ad 
ams, the Rev. Edward Andrews, the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, 
the Rev. Moses P. Bennet, the Rev. Moore Bingham, the 
Rev. Nathaniel F. Bruce, M. D., the Rev. Henry S. Atwater, 
Deacon, the Rev. Edward K. Fowler, the Rev. John D. Gil 
bert, Deacon, the Rev. Burton H. Hickox, the Rev. John 
W. Cloud, Deacon, the Rev. Reuben Hubbard, the Rev. 
Marcus A. Perry, the Rev. Ephraim Punderson, Deacon, 
the Rev. Ralph Williston, from Pennsylvania, and the Rev. 
William Shelton. 

There are sixteen candidates for orders, viz. ; Robert W. 
Harris, James D. Carder, James A. M'Kenny, John V. 
Van Ingen, Seth Davis, John M. Forbes, John F. Ernst, 
Henry J. Morton, Hewlett R. Peters, Solomon Davis, Ed 
ward B. Eastburn, Seth S. Rogers, Benjamin I. Haight, 
Thomas C. Reed, Manuel Fetter, and Robert B. Van Kleek. 

Of these Messrs. Harris and Peters are alumni, and Messrs. 
M'Kenney, Van Ingen, Forbes, Ernest, Morton, Eastburn, 
and Haight, are students, of the General Theological Sem 
inary. 

Three have departed this life since the last General Con 
vention, the Rev. Cornelius R. Duffie, Rector of St. Thomas' 
Church, New York ; the Rev. Orin Clark, D. D., Rector of 
Trinity Church Geneva, Ontario county ; the Rev. Henry 
J. Feltus, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New 
York ; the Rev. Cave Jones, Chaplin U. S. Navy, and Su- 



258 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

perintendent of the Naval Seminary, Brooklyn, King's coun- 
tv ; and the Rov. Albert Hoyt, Rector of St. Andrew's 
Church, Walden, Orange county. 

The following Churches have been duly organized, and re 
ceived into union with the Convention ; the Church of the 
Ascension, New York ; St. John's Church, Brooklyn, King's 
county ; St. Paul's Church, Angelica, Allegany county ; 
Zion Church, Rome, Oneida county ; Trinity Church, 
Pennfield, Monro county ; St. Luke's Church, Medina, Or 
leans county ; Christ Church, Sherburne, Chenango coun- 
tv ; Christ Church, Pompey, Onondaga county ; Trinity 
Church, Watertown, Jefferson county ; St. Paul's Church, 
Big Flats, Tioga county. Total 10. 

The following churches have been consecrated to the ser 
vice of Almighty God : St. John's Church, Stillwater, Sara 
toga county ; St. John's Church, Brooklyn, King's county ; 
St. Mark's Church, Le Roy, Genesee county ; St. Andrew's 
Church, Walden, Orange county ; Christ Church, Greene- 
ville, Greene county ; St. Peter's Church, Bainbridge, Che 
nango county ; Church Syracuse, Onondaga county ; 

St. George's* Church, Hallet's Cove, Queen's county ; All 
Saints' Church, New York ; St. Mary's Church, West Charl- 

ton, Saratoga county ; Church, Brownville, Jefferson 

county ; St. Paul's Church, Troy, Rensselaer county ; St. 
Paul's Church, Mayville, Chatauque county ; St. Paul's 
Chapel, Sheldon, Genesee county ; St. James' Church, 
Skeneateles, Onondaga county ; St. Luke's Church, Coles- 
ville, Brootne county ; Christ Church, Oswego, Oswego 
county ; St. Michael's Church, Geneseo, Livingston county ; 
Zion Church, Palmyra, Wayne county ; the Church of the 
Ascension, New York. Total 20. 

The Bishop of this Diocese has also consecrated 

Church, Detroit, Michigan Territory. 

St. Paul's Church, Troy, belongs to the old corporation 
of that name, and has been erected on account of the insuffi 
cient room afforded by their former Church for the large and 
increasing congregation in that city. 

The number of persons confirmed by the Bishop has been 
1954. As the last General Convention was held a N short 
time after the Convention of this Diocese of 1826, and the 
present Convention precedes that of the Diocese for 1829, the 
following statements are drawn from the Parochial and Mis- 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 259 

sionary Keports of but two Conventions, those of 1827, and 
1828. 

Baptisms (adults 342, children 2726, not specified 404) 
3472 

Marriages, 1253. Funerals, 2499. 

Communicants, (reported to the last Diocesan Conven 
tion,) 5556. 

Collections, for the Episcopal Fund, - - $1338.31 
do. do. Missionary Fund, 5702.54 

do. do. Diocesan Fund, - 1202.33 

The charter of the old Episcopal Charity School, in the 
city of New York, has been so altered as to change it into 
the New York Protestant Episcopal Public School, compris 
ing, in various departments, and under different teachers, 
every grade of instruction, from that heretofore existing in 
the Charity School, to the highest branches of an English 
education, and preparation for entering college. In every 
department the' price of education is much reduced, and pro 
vision is made in each for its being gratuitously imparted. 

The various societies for religious charities continue in ac 
tive and efficient operation. Sunday Schools are very num 
erous and flourishing, and almost all in connection with the 
General Sunday School Union. The system of instruction, 
and the books of that Union, are found of the most valuable 
character. In the city of New York, a number of zealous 
and liberal individuals have formed a Protestant Episcopal 
Press, to be devoted to printing, publishing, &c. &c. for our 
Church at large. It has gone into vigorous operation, and 
promises the most extensive usefulness. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Church in the Diocese of New Jersey, although its 
comparative increase is not equal to that of the Churches in 
many of the States, in which the population is continually 
advancing, by the formation of new settlements, has made 
greater progress within the last ten or twelve years than at 
any period since its reorganization, at the close of the Revolu 
tion. Its number of Clergymen is now twenty the Bishop, 
eighteen Presbyters, and one Deacon. The number of con 
gregations is thirty-one, worshipping in thirty churches, 
some of them new, and all, with scarcely an exception, in 



260 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

good repair. Twenty- four of the congregations enjoy stated 
regular service. The residue, at present, are only occasion 
ally supplied, in consequence of the difficulty of procuring 
Clergymen to act as missionaries. 

During the recess of the General Convention, the Bishop 
has admitted to the order of Priests the Rev. Smith Pyne. 
In the same period he has instituted Mr. Pyne into the 
Rectorship of St. John's Church, at Elizabeth town, and th.9 
Rev. Benjamin Holmes into that of St. Peter's Church, at 
Morristown. 

The following Clergymen have been received into the Dio 
cese : the Rev. William Chaderton, now residing at Burling 
ton ; the Rev. William Douglass, as Minister of St. James' 
Church, Piscataway, and Trinity Church, Wood bridge ; the 
Rev. Henry M. Mason as Minister of St. John's Church, at 
Salem, and St. George's Church, Pennsneck ; the Rev. Ed 
mund D. Barry, D. D., as Minister of St. Matthew's Church, 
city of Jersey ; the Rev. William R. Wliittingham, as Min 
ister of St. Mark's Church, Orange ; and the Rev. Birdsey 
G. Noble, officiating at St. John's Church, Elizabethtown. 
The Rev. Christian F. Cruse, who had left the Diocese in 
1828, has also returned to it, and is now the Principal of the 
Academy at Newark. 

The Diocese has been deprived, by death, of the venerable 
Dr. Abraham Beach, and by removal to Connecticut, of the 
Rev. Smith Pyne, now the Rector of Christ Church, Middle- 
town. 

Three new congegations, under the names of St. Peter's 
Church, at Morristown, St. Mark's Church, at Orange, and 
St. Luke's Church, at Hope, have been organized in the Di 
ocese, since the last report, and received by the Convention 
into union. The first two have erected handsome and com 
paratively spacious churches for their accommodation, which 
have been consecrated by the Bishop to the service of 
Almighty God. 

Confirmations have been administered in the following 
Churches : St. John's, Salem ; St. Andrew's, Mount Holly ; 
St. Mary's Burlington ; St. Michael's, Trenton ; Christ 
Church, Newton ; Christ Church, Shrewsbury ; St. Peter's, 
Spotswood ; St. Peter's, Perth Amboy ; St. Mark's, Orange, 
and St. Peter's, Morristown. 

The number of Baptisms reported is 660. The number 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 261 

of persons confirmed has been 140. The communicants are 
about 800. 

Two persons in the Diocese are preparing for admission 
as candidates for orders. 

The Churches within his charge, with occasional excep 
tions, are still visited by the Bishop, once in each year ; and 
the canons, rubrics and usages are generally observed. 

The (Sunday Schools continue to flourish ; and, as a Dio 
cesan Sunday School Society, auxiliary to the General Sun 
day School Union of our Church, was instituted by the 
Convention at its recent sitting, it is to be hoped that both 
their number and usefulness will be considerably increased. 

The annual avails of the Missionary Fund of the Dio 
cese, which was instituted more than twenty-five years since, 
have been much enlarged within a few years, by the produc 
tions of the genius, taste and industry of zealous missionary 
associations of ladies, in several of the Churches, who are 
still " not weary in well doing ;" and the increasing good 
eifects of the institution, under the Divine blessing, have con 
tinued to be manifested, especially since the last report. 

The fund for the relief of widows and children of clergy 
men who have been members of the Diocese is, at present, 
rapidly increasing. Its amount exceeds $ 12,000. 

The Episcopal Society for the promotion of Christian 
knowledge and piety is uniform in its operations and prog 
ress. It gratuitously distributes, as usual, Bibles, Prayer 
Books and religious tracts ; makes donations to the mission 
ary fund ; and, though much circumscribed in its local 
limits, has now a permanent fund of about fourteen hundred 
dollars. 

The institution of the Bishop Croes Scholarship in the 
General Theological Seminary, reported at the last General 
Convention as being in progress, is now happily completed ; 
and the amount deposited in the treasury of that important 
nursery of the Church. 

Among the prosperous characteris ticks of the Church in 
the Diocese, it merits especial notice, and cannot but afford 
high gratification to pious and benevolent minds, that gen 
erally, through the Divine goodness, more attention to, and 
more interest and zeal in the concerns of religion, are appa 
rent among its members, than has sometimes been the case 
in former years ; and, it is believed, not without correspond- 



262 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

ing beneficial effects. This, as well as its external prosper 
ity, calls for devout thankfulness to the Father of mercies, 
and should prompt its members to offer up the most earnest 
and fervent supplications, through the merits of Christ, that 
it may not only be continued, but increased. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

This Diocese consists, at present, of the Bishop, the Assist 
ant Bishop, fifty-three Presbyters, twelve Deacons, and sev 
enty-one Congregations ; being an accession, since the last 
General Convention, of eight clergymen and seventeen con 
gregations. 

The following ordinations of Deacons have taken place : 

By the Bishop of the Diocese there have been ordained, 
Pierce Connelly, James May, John P. Robinson, Raymond 
Alphonso Henderson, and William Lucas, since removed to 
Connecticut. 

By the Assistant Bishop, John W. James, John T. Ad- 
derly, William Hilton and F. H. L. Laird. 

Total number of persons ordained Deacons, 9 ; of whom 
William Lucas was an alumnus of the General Theological 
Seminary. 

The following Deacons have been ordained Priests : 

By the Bishop of the Diocese, the Rev. William Bryant, 
then of New Jersey, but now of Pennsylvania, the Rev. 
James De Pui, the Rev. William R. Bowman of Louisiana, 
the Rev. Henry J. Whitehouse, the Rev. John B. Clemson, 
the Rev. William Levington of Maryland, a coloured man, 
and the Rev. Pierce Connelly. 

The Assistant Bishop has ordained the Rev. Raymond 
Alphonso Henderson. Total number of Deacons ordained 
Priests, 8. 

There are fifteen candidates for holy orders : John H. 
Marsden, John Campbell, Henry Hood, Darius Williams, 
Jr., George E. Hare, George P. Geddinge, David Dick, 
Matthew H. Henderson, Frederick Beasley, Samuel W. Sel- 
den, Sansom K. Brunot, Lyman N. Freeman, Charles Sha- 
ler, Richard Collier and Edward Y. Buchanan. 

The Rev. Benjamin Allen has departed this life. 

The following Churches have been duly organized and re 
ceived into union with the Convention : St. Paul's Church, 
Erie, Erie county ; Trinity Church, Conuellsville, Fayette 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 263 

county ; Trinity Church, Phillipsburgh, Centre county ; 
Grace Church, Menalen Township, Fayette county ; St. Pe 
ter's Church, Butler, Butler county ; St. James's Church, 
Venango Furnace, Venango county ; St. Mary's Church, 
Hamiltonville, Philadelphia county ; Zion Church, Mari 
etta, Lancaster county ; St. Peter's Church, Waterfnrd, 
Erie county ; St. Peter's Church, Pike Kun Township, 
Washington county ; St. John's Church, Mercer, Mercer 
county ; Grace Church, Penn Township, Philadelphia 
county ; St. Matthew's Church, Sunhury, Northumberland 
county ; St. Paul's Church, West Whiteland Township, 
Chester county ; Christ Church, Pottstown, Montgomery 
county ; St. Peter's Church, Blairsville, Indiana county ; 
and St. Paul's Church, Kittenning, Armstrong county. 

The following churches have been consecrated to the ser 
vice of Almighty God : By the Bishop of the Diocese, St. 
Stephen's Church, Harrisburgh, Dauphin county ; St. Ma 
ry's Church, Hamiltonville, Philadelphia county ; St. 
John's Church, Carlisle, Cumberland county; Grace Church, 
Penn Township, Philadelphia county ; and St. Paul's 
Church, West Whiteland Township, Chester county. By 
the Assistant Bishop, St. Gabriel's Church, Sugarloaf Town 
ship, Columbia county, and Christ Church, Meadville, 
Crawford county in all, seven Churches. 

The number of persons confirmed has been one thousand 
and seventeen, of whom 628 received that holy rite from 
the Assistant Bishop. 

Many of the parochial reports, as printed on the Jour 
nals, are imperfect. The number of baptisms reported since 
the last General Convention is 2211, of whom 294 were 
adults. The number of communicants, according to the 
Journal of the last Convention of the Diocese, is 2563. 

On the 10th day of May, 1827, the Rev. Henry U. On- 
derdonk was elected to be Assistant Bishop of this Diocese 
during the life of the present Bishop, and to be the Bishop 
of the Diocese after his demise. Dr. Onderdonk was conse 
crated to the Episcopacy on the 25th of October, in the 
same year, in Christ Church, Philadelphia, by Bishop 
White ; Bishop Hobart of New York, Bishop Kemp of 
Maryland, Bishop Croes of New Jersey, and Bishop Bowen 
of South Carolina, being present and assisting. 

The funds for the support of the Episcspate are the fol- 



264 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

lowing, viz. : the generous bequest of the late Rev. Dr. 
Pilmore, $7969.12 ; the fund raised by annual collections 
in the different churches, $12,478.55 ; a loan of $30,000, 
and the legacy of Mr. Doz, $4,701.33. 

The Missionaries employed within the past year under 
the ecclesiastical authority of the Diocese were eleven in 
number. 

The fund for the support of the widows and children of 
deceased Clergymen amounts to $42,595.33. 

The state of religion, on the whole, appears encouraging. 
Sunday School instruction flourishes in many parishes, and 
is carefully maintained in nearly all. Infant Schools have 
been established with much success in some instances, and 
promise a high degree of usefulness. Occasional examples 
have occurred in a few of the congregations of a peculiar 
degree of religous sensibility, followed by numerous and sol 
emn professions. In other places, large additions have been 
nnvde to the congregations and to the number of communi 
cants, accompanied by a gradual increase of general serious 
ness, and devotional regularity. And a much more earnest 
attention is manifested on the subjects of Theological and 
Christian education, and the great cause of Missionary exer 
tion. 

And although the Diocese has not escaped its share of the 
agitation usually incident to the management of elections, 
whether in Church or State ; although we have had to la 
ment, in some particulars, the evils of a temporary alienation 
amongst brethren, and in many others, the spirit of world- 
liness, indifference, and neglect ; although we have great rea 
son to long for an increase, not only in the number of our 
ministers, but in the z >a1 of their labours, and in the consis 
tent diligence of their flocks ; yet is there cause of deep and 
fervent gratitude to the gracious Head of the Church for the 
blessings which he has vouchsafed to us, and ground to hope 
that the Diocese of Pennsylvania will experience an increas 
ing measure of prosperity for the years to come. 

DELAWARE. 

In the Diocese of Delaware there are five clergymen resi 
dent, four of whom have parishes, the other, from age and 
infirmities, only occasionally exercising his ministry. 

In Newcastle county the churches are in good repair, and 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 265 

supplied. In the two remaining counties the state of the 
Church has not materially altered since the last report, with 
this exception, that a commodious and handsome place of 
worship has recently been erected in Smyrna, Kent county, 
and consecrated to the service of Almighty God, by the 
Eight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk. A clergyman has been in 
vited to officiate in this church, and has accepted the invita 
tion. 

Attached to several of the Churches are flourishing Sunday 
Schools, in which deep interest is felt, and from which there 
has be^n. a happy result. There has, in some of the parish 
es, been laid the foundation of libraries attached to the 
churches, and thus an example set worthy of general imita 
tion. It is to be regretted, that the Diocesan Missionary 
Society has been totally inefficient from the inability to ob 
tain missionaries. 

The Church in Delaware, availing itself of the provision 
in the twentieth canon of 1808, invited the Right Rev. Bish 
op White to visit and perform Episcopal offices in this Dio 
cese, and a similar invitation has been given to the Right 
Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, as Assistant Bishop, whose services 
have produced and revived feelings promotive of the best.in- 
terests of the Church. 

The number of communicants, so far as they can be ascer 
tained, is 217. The difference under this head, between the 
present and former return, is attributable to an error in that, 
and not to any diminution of communicants. 

MARYLAND. 

It appears from the Journals of the several Conventions 
which have been held in this Diocese since the last meeting 
of the General Convention, that four persons have been or 
dained Deacons, and thirteen admitted to the Holy Order of 
Priests. There are now in the Diocese fifty-one clergymen 
and four candidates for Orders, and three churches have 
been consecrated to the service of Almighty God. 

According to the parochial reports, 3302 persons have 
been baptized, 575 confirmed, and there are now 2325 com 
municants in the Church. Bat it is to be observed, that in 
some instances no parochial reports have been made, and 
that in others there does not appear to be as much accuracy 
as it would be desirable to find in them. 



266 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

The Diocesan Missionary Society, formed some years since, 
appears to have been useful in some of the parishes which 
had been deprived of the ordinances of the Gospel, and it is 
a matter of deep regret that it has not received that pecuni 
ary aid which the situation of many parts of the Diocese so 
imperiously demands. Sunday Schools have been formed in 
most of the parishes, and have been eminently useful, and 
some of them have become auxiliary to the General Sunday 
School Union of the Protestant Episcopal Church. There 
are Charity Schools also attached to St. Paul's parish, and 
St. Peter's Church, in the city of Baltimore, and in that first 
named, 23 female orphans are supported as well as instruc 
ted. The Episcopal Female Tract Society of Baltimore, 
which has been mentioned in former reports, continues to 
render essential service to the cause of religion and the 
Church. Societies of a similar description, most of them 
auxiliary to the one just named, have oeen formed in other 
parts of the Diocese, and have, with the Prayer Book and 
Homily Society of Maryland, been instrumental in diffusing 
among our members a knowledge of the doctrines, liturgy, 
and government of the Church. The funds of the corpora 
tion for the relief of the widows and orphans of deceased 
clergymen are considerable, and the products of them have 
been beneficially applied, in many instances, to the relief 
and comfort of those for whom it was intended. At a late 
meeting of the Convention a Society was formed for the re 
lief of aged and infirm ministers of the Church. 

Since the last meeting of the General Convention, the 
Diocese of Maryland has been called to mourn the death of 
its much beloved Bishop Kemp. The Journals of the two 
last Conventions record the deep affliction which was pro 
duced by this event, and the various communications of the 
different Ecclesiastical bodies, expressing their condolence 
with the Church in the Diocese, in the heavy loss which it 
has sustained, and the sentiments of love and veneration 
which the Diocese at large cherished for him. 

Under the Constitutional and Canonical provisions of this 
Diocese, for the performance (during a vacancy in the epis 
copate) of duties not peculiarly belonging to the Episcopal 
office, the Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., has been elected 
President of the Convention. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, Assistant Bishop of 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 267 

the Diocese of Pennsylvania, on the invitation of the Stand 
ing Committee, has visited and performed Episcopal services 
in several portions of the Diocese ; and his services have pro 
duced the happiest effects, and tended, in a high degree, to 
sustain the cause, and extend the influence of our Church 
in Maryland. 

Episcopal duties have also been performed in several par 
ishes in the District of Columbia, by the Eight Rev. Bishops 
of Ohio and Virginia, on the invitation of the Standing Com 
mittee, made at the request of the parishes in which the ser 
vices were rendered. 

VIRGINIA. 

The prospects of the Church in the Diocese of Virginia 
continue encouraging, and indeed are greatly more so than 
at the time of the last report. The number of clergy has 
considerably increase4 ; the principles of the Church are 
better understood, and more than ever loved ; and the influ 
ence of pure and undefined religion more extensively felt. 
Arrangements have been made for the permanent establish 
ment of the Theological Seminary of the Diocese ; and a 
system adopted for its future management, calculated, it is 
confidently believed, very greatly to extend the influence, 
and multiply the benefits of that institution. A Diocesan 
Missionary Society has been recently established, from whose 
operations much is expected ; and by means of which our 
numerous waste places, we trust, will soon be, in some hope 
ful measure, supplied with the ministrations of the Gospel : 
and the doctrines and institutions of the Church made 
known in the hitherto neglected and destitute but important 
western section of the State beyond the mountains. Auxil 
iaries to the Education Society, one of the favourite institu 
tions of the Diocese have considerably multiplied ; and by 
them uncommon exertions have been made, within the last 
two years, for the vigorous and successful prosecution of the 
noble and truly pious object of assisting devout and gifted 
youths in preparing for the Gospel ministry. 

Besides the repair of several of our old churches, almost 
in ruins, and the re-occupation of some hitherto almost or 
entirely deserted, it is pleasing to report the building, and 
consecration of several entirely new. 

The number of clergy is now 44 ; and there is the pros- 



268 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

pect of an early addition to their number from among the 
candidates for Orders now prosecuting their studies at the 
Seminary. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The situation and prospects of this Diocese are such as to 
encourage its labourers, and call forth lively thanksgiving to 
Him who ruleth over the whole Church. 

Since the last General Convention of 1826, there have 
been baptized 489, (of whom about 60 were adults,) and 
confirmed 160. The present number of the Clergy is 12, 
viz., one Bishop, nine Presbyters, and two Deacons. The 
number of communicants is 640. Many have been added 
since the last report ; and it may be well here to correct an 
inaccuracy in that report. The nnmber of communicants 
was at that time stated to be 649, whereas there could not 
have been more than 500, which would show an increase, 
since that period, of 160. The number of Sunday scholars 
is about 500 ; and an increasing zeal in the cause of Sunday 
School instruction is manifest in all our congregations. In 
almost every instance our schools are connected with our 
General Sunday School Union, and are reaping much benefit 
from its excellent system of instruction. 

The number of Congregations is 24. 

Three persons have been admitted to the Holy Order of 
Deacons, viz., Messrs. Jarvis B. Buxton, Francis L. Hawkes, 
and John H. Norment. 

Four clergymen have been ordained Priests, viz., the Rev. 
George W. Freeman, the Rev. James H. Otey, the Rev. 
John R. Goodman, and the Rev. Philip B. Wiley. 

There are, at present, two candidates for Holy Orders, viz., 
Mr. William Norwood, and Mr. Joseph H. Saunders ; the 
former of whom is pursuing his studies in the General The 
ological Seminary. 

The following changes have taken place in the Ministry. 
The Rev. Richard S. Mason has" removed to the Diocese of 
New York ; the Rev. Henry M. Mason, and the Rev. Fran 
cis L. Hawkes, to the Diocese of Connecticut ; the Rev. 
Adam Empie to Virginia ; and the Rev. Thomas S. W. 
Mott to the Eastern Diocese. 

The following clergymen have been received into the Dio 
cese, viz., the Rev. Charles P. Elliott from South Carolina, 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 269 

the Rev. Thomas S. W. Mott from the Eastern Diocese, the 
Rev. William D. Cairns from Virginia, and the Rev. John 
R. Goodman from Pennsylvania. 

Lay-reading, in the vacant congregations, has been at 
tended with much profit. 

Much good has been done by the Female Associations of 
Industry. 

The Episcopal Fund is at present estimated at $11,405. 

The Bishop has been freed from parochial charge. 

The canons and rubrics are, in all cases, complied with ; 
and above all, a spirit of love and harmony pervades the 
councils, as well as the daily intercourse of its ministers and 
members. 

At the last Convention, the Bishop expressed his heartfelt 
gratification, and unfeigned thankfulness, for the increasing 
piety which was apparent in all the congregations, during 
his last visitation. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In this Diocese, there are 43 organized congregations, 
eight of which are without a minister. The clergy consist 
of the Bishop, 29 Presbyters and four Deacons. One of 
these has been absent from the Diocese since 1826, but has 
never applied for or received his dismission from the Diocese, 
according to the canons. Twenty-five of our ministers are 
clerically employed ; one is President of the College in 
Charleston ; and eight are without cures. Within the 
period embraced by this report, three persons have been 
admitted to the Holy Order of Deacons, viz., Thomas I. 
Young, John S. Field, and Alexander W. Marshall ; and 
four Deacons have been admitted to the Holy Order of 
Priests, viz., the Rev. Paul T. Keith, the Rev. Edward 
Neufville, the Rev. Thomas I. Young, and the Rev. Wil 
liam S. Wilson. 

Two Clergymen have removed from the Diocese, two have 
come into it ; one has been displaced from his grade in the 
ministry, and two have departed this life. Several distin 
guished laymen have been removed by death, and also one 
of our candidates for holy orders. The number of candi 
dates is five. Two churches have been consecrated, and one 
is nearly ready for consecration. 

The baptisms reported are, of infants, 882 ; of adults, 



270 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [182 9 

117 ; and 368 persons have been confirmed. There are 1974 
communicants reported, of whom 476 are persons of colour. 

The monthly religious publication, entitled "The Gospel 
Messenger and Southern Episcopal Register," which was 
commenced in January, 1824, is still continued under the di 
rection of members of our Church. 

The Bishop's Fund is slowly increasing, and amounts to 
$9,637.80 ; which sum is invested in public securities. 

The religious Societies mentioned in our last report are en 
gaged in their useful labours with undiminished zeal. They 
have had in their service, within the last three years, nine 
Missionaries. Several sewing societies for pious and charit 
able purposes ; a female Bible, Prayer Book and Tract So- 
ety ; and a society for the special purpose of increasing the 
Bishop's permanent Fund, (which is under the control of 
the Diocesan Convention, and of which three-fourths of the 
interest may be applied to the immediate support of the 
Episcopal office in the Diocese, if needed) have been insti 
tuted. Of this last named society, for the scheme of which 
we are indebted to the judicious zeal of one of our clergy, 
who is also a very active officer of the same, any person can 
become a member by paying one dollar annually, or a mem 
ber for life, by paying twenty dollars ; regulations which, it 
is hoped, will insure a large number of members, and render 
the society eminently efficient. 

Our Sunday Schools are in successful operation, and have 
been greatly aided by the books of the Sunday School Union 
of our Church. The number of teachers reported to our 
last Convention was 150, and of scholars 1215. 

The Diocese has never been insensible to the interests of 
the General Theological Seminary, nor unwilling to do what 
it could to promote them. In conformity to the recom 
mendations of the last General Convention, measures were 
taken for procuring our quota in aid of the Building Fund 
of the Seminary. The subject was brought before the Con 
vention in 1827, by the Bishop, and a Committee of the same 
Convention reported a scheme of contributions, according to 
which we have the satisfaction to report that $1,040.74 has 
been paid in. The balance due, viz., $609.26, (the whole quo 
ta being $1650, at the rate of $50 for each of our 33 * cler- 

* When the subscription was opened we had 33, now we hare 34 clergymen. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 271 

gymen,) we have no doubt would have been obtained, but 
for the late bequest of Mr. Kohne, which some persons may 
plead, not correctly, as we think, as a reason for not giving 
since many years will probably elapse before the Sem 
inary will receive this bequest. 
There was paid to the general fund of the Semi 
nary, prior to the General Convention of 1826, 
(see p. 48 of the Journal) by this Diocese, $9,017.60 
Since that period paid into the same Fund, 269.60 

On account of the Building Fund, paid in, - 1,030.74 
For the founding of the Claremont Scholarship, 

paid in, - 48.00 

The Bishop Dehon Scholarship Fund is 3,567.68 

The Bishop Bowen Scholarship Fund at present is 1,551.57 

Total contributed to this object. - $15,485.19 

The Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, instituted 
by the General Convention, (we regret we are not able to 
report a larger number,) has only five Annual and twenty- 
one Life-members in this Diocese. 

We have the pleasure to report, that the canons and rules 
of the Church are observed. Indeed we know of no clergy 
man among us who habitnally disregards them. 

In conclusion, we would refer, for further information as 
to the state of the Church in this Diocese, to our former 
reports, as we deem it unnecessary to repeat statements 
which are made therein. 

GEORGIA. 

The Church in this Diocese has undergone no material 
change since the last General Convention, but continues to 
labor under the depression arising from the want of clergy 
men not only for the supply of parishes already organized, 
but' also for the raising up of new congregations in districts 
where every encouragement is offered for successful ministe 
rial exertion. Efforts have not been wanting to remedy the 
evil, in the formation and encouragement of Missionary So 
cieties, and in the repeated applications which have been 
made to individuals, as well as to the Church at large, for 
cooperation in reaping the wide-spread harvest which is nere 
presented. 

The Rev. Lot Jones, by whose assiduous labours Christ 



272 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Church at Macon was founded and organized, has resigned 
its rectorship, and removed from the State. The Rev. 
Thomas S. W. Mott of Gardiner, in Maine, being obliged to 
visit the South on account of his health, kindly consented 
to accept a missionary appointment to St. Simon's Island, 
upon the duties of which he entered in November last. " A 
very gratifying proof of the estimation in which his servic 
es were held, and of the favourable impression he had pro 
duced, as well as of the desire of the people for the enjoy 
ment of the ministrations of the Church, was furnished by 
the resolutions adopted at a meeting held for the purpose of 
securing his permanent settlement on the island ; by which, 
considering the small number of those who could contribute, 
a very liberal offer was made for his support." The relation 
in which he stands, however, to the Church at Gardiner, for 
bids the hope that he can continue much longer to occupy 
this important station. 

To counterbalance, in some degree, the discouragements 
arising from the sources already named, it is cause of devout 
thankfulness to the Great Head of the Church, that He has 
not left himself without witness among us, in the increasing 
prosperity and flourishing condition of the congregations in 
Savannah and Augusta. The former has, indeed, sustained 
a severe loss since the last meeting of this body, in the re 
moval, by death, of the Rev. Abiel Carter, to whose sound 
and enlightened views and instructions may be mainly at 
tributed its present firmness and stability in the faith. The 
latter, also, by a similar dispensation of Divine Providence, 
has been deprived of the active exertions of one of its warm 
est and most devoted friends among the laity. But these 
occurrences, though deeply and sincerely lamented by all, 
have not essentially retarded the advancement of the gener 
al interests of these Churches, but rather operated favoura 
bly, we trust, in the production of an increase of piety, over 
which, to whatever cause it may be attributed, we are con 
strained to rejoice. 

There is in this Diocese but one candidate for Holy Or 
ders, viz., Mr. Theodore F. Bartow, who was admitted within 
the last year. The number of communicants is about 200. 
Sunday Schools are established in Savannah and Augusta, 
in connection with the Protestant Episcopal Sunday School 
Union, and are in a prosperous condition. There are, also, 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 273 

two societies auxiliary to the General Domestic and For 
eign Missionary Society, which annually transmit their mite 
to the Treasurer of that important Institution. In addition 
to which there are several others of a local nature, to whose 
exertions we look with anxious expectation, for the future 
enlargement of the borders of Zion, and humbly hope that, 
under the Divine blessing, we shall not look in vain. 

OHIO. 

The Diocese of Ohio reports the number of clergy to be 
15 : consisting of a Bishop, 13 Presbyters, and one Deacon. 

Since the report of 1826 Messrs. Marcus T. C. Wing, Na 
than Stem and William Preston, have been admitted to the 
order of Deacons ; and the Rev. Cotesworth P. Bronson, 
the Rev. Gideon M'Millan, the Rev. Nathan Stem, and the 
Rev. William Preston, to the order of Priests. When in 
Philadelphia, in 1827, Bishop Chase, by the obliging per 
mission of the Bishop of Pennsylvania, ordained Mr. George 
Mintzer a Deacon, who officiated faithfully a short period 
at St. Clairsville and Morristown, and then removed to the 
Diocese of Pennsylvania. In Washington, District of Co 
lumbia, in 1828, the following persons he ordained Priests, 
viz., the Rev. Henry V. D. Johns, the Rev. William F. 
Chesley, the Rev. John Fenner, and the Rev. Robert B. 
Drane ; and also the Rev. Merwin Allen, in Baltimore, in 
1829. 

The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin, from New York, the Rev. 
Alvah Sanford, from Vermont, the Rev. C. W. Fitch, from 
Virginia, the Rev. Benjamin P. Aydelott and the Rev. John 
P. Bausman, from Pennsylvania, have removed into this 
Diocese. 

The number of candidates for orders is two, and doubtless 
it will receive accessions from the pious young men now 
pursuing their classical studies at Kenyon College. 

The Journals of 1827 and 1828 exhibit an increase of 101 
communicants. Baptisms 329, of whom 35 were adults. 

In casting our eyes over this extensive Diocese, where the 
hand of God has lavished its bounties, we grieve to see the 
moral waste that spreads around. Multitudes there are 
without a Sabbath, without a preacher, without a sanctua 
ry, without ordinances, " living without hope and without 
God in the world." In some places false teachers have 



274 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

crept in ; in some contentious disputants bear sway ; some 
seem to preach for " envy and strife," supposing " to add af 
fliction to the bonds" which already fetter the powers, and 
limit the exertions of the "faithful in Christ Jesus." The 
Convention of Ohio are not indifferent to this state of things, 
and in the strength of God, they are addressing themselves 
to the work of reformation, and to the maintenance of true 
religion. Ministerial faithfulness amongst us is encouraged 
by large and attentive audiences ; by frequent additions to 
the Church of such, we trust, as shall be eternally saved ; 
and by the extension of that influence which the power of 
truth seldom fails to exert. Amongst the members of the 
Convention there is a prevailing spirit of good fellowship. 
The zeal and love of the excellent Bishop are felt and im 
itated. And where there are harmony of views and concen 
tration of strength, happy results may be rightfully antici 
pated. 

In such paucity of ministers and feebleness of means, we 
have not neglected those powerful auxiliaries to the ministry 
of reconciliation, which are found in the Prayer Book, Sun 
day School and Tract associations. These have been estab 
lished, and are operating to a considerable extent. There is 
also a Missionary Society which has been useful, and may 
be made most extensively so ; as, from the peculiar circum 
stances of our new settlements, it probably possesses the 
greatest power of influencing them. What more can be 
done for the Church in this Diocese? Our hope is in God, 
to bless Kenyon College. Under Him, that institution may 
furnish missionaries to the wandering and unsettled, and 
pastors to organized congregations. Its prosperity, of 
course, has been and is matter of deep anxiety to the Con 
vention. So far, through the indefatigable labors of the 
venerable Bishop, and the smiles of approving Heaven, dif 
ficulties, apparently insuperable, have been overcome ; em 
barrassments, painfully depressing, have been relieved ; rfnd 
success still calls for increased exertion. The centre build 
ing has been completed ; but much remains undone. All 
is lost if effort be relaxed. And the Church in this Diocese 
cannot cease to make our appeal to the friends of science 
and literature, of our own Church, and the cause of Christ 
throughout the land, whilst an Institution, upon which such 
destinies hang, is in jeopardy. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 275 

MISSISSIPPI. 

In 'this Diocese are five congregations : one in Natchez, 
one in Woodville, one in Jefferson county, one in Port Gib 
son, and one in Vicksburgh. 

Within the last three years there have been 

Baptisms, (adults 8, infants 57) 65 ; Marriages 30 ; Fu 
nerals 20. The number of Communicants is 50. 

Trinity Church in Natchez, the only one in the Diocese 
that affords a salary adequate to the support of a minister, 
is at this time vacant. 

The Kev. John C. Porter, of the Diocese of New York, 
has been for some time past officiating in St. Paul's Church 
at Woodville. He has received a call to the Kectorship of 
the Church, but has not as yet decided upon accepting it. 

Christ Church, in Jefferson county, is under the care of 
the Rev. James A. Fox. 

The Congregation of St. John's Church, at Port Gibson, 
under the care of the Rev. Spencer Wall, are destitute of a 
house for public worship. They hold their services either in 
the Court house, or in a church belonging to the Methodists. 

In Vicksburgh a considerable sum of money has been sub 
scribed for the purpose of erecting a Church, and the con 
gregation are very desirous of procuring the services of a 
minister. 

Since the last General Convention this Diocese has been 
bereaved of ona of her most zealous and active ministers, 
the Rev. James Pilmore, by whom Trinity Church, Natchez, 
and Christ Church, Jefferson county, were organized. In 
this secluded region, where many laborers are needed, and 
but few are found, his loss is deeply felt. 

The Rev. John W. Cloud has removed from this Diocese 
to that of New York. 

There has been formed in this Diocese a society styled 
" The Protestant Episcopal Society for the advancement of 
Christianity in Mississippi." This Society has distributed 
a considerable number of Prayer Books and Tracts. 

There are within the limits of this Diocese several flour 
ishing villages, where it is thought Churches might be or 
ganized, could missionaries be found who would devote 
themselves to such an undertaking. 

In transmitting this report the House of Clerical and Lay 



276 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1829.] 

Deputies solicit for the Church the prayers and blessings of 
the Bishops, and respectfully request their counsel in a Pas 
toral Letter to the clergy and members of the Church. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

W. E. WYATT, President. 
Attest, BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, Secretary. 

PHILADELPHIA, August 20, 1829. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their concurrence in passing the five canons adopted by 
this House. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their adoption of the resolution of this House respect 
ing the time and place of the meeting of the next Gen 
eral Convention, with an amendment respecting the time of 
meeting. 

Resolved, That the above message be laid on the table. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Right Rev. the Bishops 
be respectfully requested to consider of, and report to the 
next General Convention, a plan for extending to the States 
and Territories in which the Church is not organized, Epis 
copal services and Episcopal supervision. 

The above was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The delegation from Maine, agreeably to instructions from 
the Convention of that Diocese, offered the following reso 
lution : 

Resolved, That this House appoint a Committee to take 
into consideration the order in which the Holy Scriptures 
are read throughout the year, for the purpose of revising 
the same. 

On motion, Resolved, That the consideration of the 
above resolution be indefinitely postponed. 

The Standing Committee on the Theological Seminary 
made the following report : 

The Committee to whom was referred the report of the 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the United States, have had the 
same under consideration, and respectfully 

REPORT, 

That they have examined the various reports and docu 
ments which, since the date of the last General Convention, 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 277 

have appeared, relative to the condition and progress of the 
Seminary, and that this duty has been discharged with 
mingled emotions of pleasure and of regret ; of pleasure, from 
the satisfactory evidence they furnish, that the Professors 
have continued to discharge their respective duties most ably 
and faithfully, and that the Students have made a proficien 
cy in their sacred studies honorable alike to themselves and 
their teachers ; and from the pleasing fact which they disclose 
of the entire completion of the Seminary building, furnish 
ing accommodations for two Professors, and for boarding 
and lodging forty students, with a spacious room for the Li 
brary, which is also used as a chapel. But what constitutes 
the principal ground of congratulation to the Convention, 
and of gratitude to the merciful Dispenser of blessings, is 
the large and munificent bequest made to the Seminary by 
the late Frederick Kohne, Esq. The Trustees having at 
their last meeting made a suitable acknowledgment of this 
splendid benefaction, your Committee would only express 
their cordial concurrence, which they do in harmony with 
the expressed sentiment of this House. But these causes 
of gratulation are not unaccompanied with several grounds 
of regret. 

1. That the number of Students has been and is so far 
short, both of the necessities of the Church, and of the num 
ber of candidates for Holy Orders. 

2. That its present revenue is not adequate to its neces 
sary expenditure. 

3. That so little attention has been given to the recom 
mendation of the last General Convention in relation to the 
plan for raising the sum of $20,000 for the building fund of 
the Seminary, by a contribution from the different Dioceses 
in the proportion of $50 for each clergyman ; New York and 
South Carolina being the only Dioceses who have complied 
with the said recommendation, and they have collected and 
paid into the Treasury a considerable amount of their al 
lotment. 

4. That all these considerations furnish incontestihle 
proof of the want of that general interest and cooperation 
in behalf of the Institution, which its friends fondly hoped 
would have been conciliated by the fact of its almost unan 
imous establishment by the General Convention, in a spirit 
of harmony and good feeling which augured the most auspi- 



278 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829 

cious results, by its admirable adaptation to the relief of thf 
wants of the Church in relation to ministers thoroughly 
furnished for their high and holy work, and by the acknowl 
edged qualifications of those to whom the duty of instruc 
tion has been confided. 

But the discouragement and regret arising from these con 
siderations are much relieved by the anticipation of a time 
when the funds of the Institution will be abundantly com 
petent to all its wants and purposes ; and, besides securing 
to the Professors adequate salaries, will enable the Trustees 
to increase the facilities of Theological Education by the es 
tablishment of scholarships ; the multiplication of which 
is a matter of paramount interest, and indispensable to any 
considerable increase in the number of its beneficiaries. 
This is a subject to which your Committee would beg leave 
respectfully to call the earnest attention of this House, as 
suggesting the most effectual mode of supplying the requi 
site number of students. The many young men of piety 
and merit who have their views directed to the ministry of 
the Church, but whose circumstances do not permit them to 
devote themselves exclusively to the acquisition of the 
necessary knowledge, constitutes a most urgent call upon the 
members of the Church to make adequate provision for their 
case ; and in no way can this be more efficiently done, than 
in the endowment of scholarships in this Seminary, in which 
behalf the interest and efforts of Churchmen should be gen 
erally enlisted, both individually and congregational ly. And 
were any considerable number of our most competent 
churches to resolve to provide the means of maintaining, re 
spectively, one beneficiary, while passing through his The 
ological course, we should have no longer occasion to lament 
that so few, comparatively, are reaping the benefits of this 
Institution. When the trifling amount of the required pe 
cuniary sacrifice is compared with the auspicious results in 
contemplation, may it not be hoped that an appeal, in this 
behalf, from this Convention, will meet with a cordial res 
ponse from those members of the Church who feel a con 
cern in this most important interest. And in this we are 
encouraged by the fact, that the expense of board in the 
Seminary, including washing, is less than $2 per week. On 
this subject, as well as in relation to a plan for increasing 
the present revenue of the Seminary, your Committee will 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 279 

submit, at the conclusion of their report, such resolutions 
as they may deem proper ; but before they do so they will 
make a few statements necessary to throw light on the actu 
al condition of the* Seminary. 

The course of education, having been substantially the 
same as heretofore reported, and the Professors and students, 
in the fidelity of the one, and in the proficiency of the other, 
having fully gratified the anticipations then entertained, 
little remains for your Committee but to make known to 
this House the actual condition and prospects of the fi 
nances. 

The last report having been made a few weeks after the 
regular time of commencing the session at the Seminary, in 
October, 1826, and the present one being made during the 
recess, there will appear, for this reason, an unfavorable dis 
parity in the number of students between the two. The 
number at the last report was thirty. At the present, em 
bracing for the reason above stated, only the accessions of 
two years, viz., 1827 and 1828, the number is only fifteen ; 
an equal number having left the Seminary before complet 
ing the prescribed course. The accessions at the opening 
of the session in October next, it is hoped will more than 
supply the deficiency ; but on this point we have no data 
to enable us to form a satisfactory calculation. 

The number of those who have received the honors of the 
Seminary since the last report is twenty. 

The income of the property of the Seminary, exclusive 
of such parts as are appropriated to several scholarships, is 
estimated at $ 3,771.30 ; being less than the amount of in 
come reported at the last Convention, by $ 462.03, which 
deficit is accounted for by the necessary drafts upon the vest 
ed funds of the Seminary for the payment of salaries and 
other debts, and to meet the heavy expense incurred by the 
filling up of water-lots. 

The ordinary expenditures of the Seminary amount 
to $5,000, which exceeds the income by the amount of 
$ 1,228.70. 

This deficiency is much to be lamented; and, "had the 
beneficial plans suggested by the last report been executed, 
would not now have existed, to the grief, and we may add, 
the reproach of the Church. But great as the deficiency 
is, your Committee think it can easily be supplied, and they 



280 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

trust that they do not overrate the liberality and interest of 
the friends of the Seminary, in the calculation that, by an 
annual sermon and collection in its behalf in our churches 
throughout the country, a sum may be realized more than 
adequate to the restoration of the balance between its ex 
penditures and its revenue. In casting about for the means 
of meeting the present exigency, the consequences of which, 
to use the language of the last report, must be averted, they 
have not been able to devise any plan that promises better 
results than the one just mentioned. This plan would not 
only supply the deficit in the finances, but, by presenting 
the claims and importance of the Seminary to the attention 
of the Churchmen of our country, would prove the surest 
means of exciting that interest and zealous cooperation which 
are eminently due to it, as an instrument of incalculable 
good to the Church, and as a charity that addresses itself 
most powerfully to the attachment and fidelity of her mem 
bers, who, in consideration of the deplorable want of qual 
ified labourers for the fields that are everywhere ripening to 
the harvest, will not surely be indifferent to an institution 
which offers the best possible provision for furnishing them, 
and who, from their love to the Church, and their interest 
in the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom, will not, 
cannot refuse their aid to what is so intimately connected 
with the prosperity of both. 

The Board of Trustees at their meeting in June of this 
year, taking into view the exigences of the Seminary, adopt 
ed the following preamble and resolution : " Whereas the 
available funds of the Seminary are insufficient to meet its 
annual expenditure, and will be so until the munificent be 
quest of Mr. Kohne and other contingent funds become 
available ; and it is improper and inexpedient to encroach 
upon the vested permanent fund, or to anticipate the bequest 
above referred to, or any other contingent or expected funds : 
Therefore Resolved, That it be recommended to the pa 
rochial Clergy of the Church to have collections made in 
their respective churches, on some Sunday before the first 
of June, 1830, for the purpose of supplying the said de 
ficiency." 

It is hoped that the wishes of the Board may be general 
ly complied with ; and if their recommendation need any 
further sanction and authority, they will be found in the 



1829.] JOURNAL or THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 281 

analogous resolution which forms the first of the two which 
your Committee will now respectfully submit, in the hum 
ble hope and prayer that, under the Divine blessing, they 
will lead to the accomplishment of their respective objects, 
from which, if we are faithful to our own responsibility, 
that blessing will not be withheld. 

Kesolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That until the income aris 
ing from the available property of the Seminary be equal 
to its ordinary expenditures, it be recommended to the Pa 
rochial Clergy of the Church, to have collections annually 
made in their respective churches, on some Sunday before 
the first of June, in each year, for the purpose of supply- 
in the dificiency in that income. 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishop concurring, That it be earnestly recom 
mended to the ministers and members of this Church, to 
exert their influence in their respective spheres of action, for 
the establishment of Scholarships in the Seminary, for the 
purpose of aiding young men in their support while engag 
ed in their Theological studies. 

Signed by order and in behalf of the Committee. 

ALLSTON GIBBES, CHAIRMAN. 

August 19, 1829. 

The report was accepted, and the resolutions therein 
passed, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

The same Committee also made the following report : 

The Committee of this House on the Theological Semin 
ary report,- That it appears the Dioceses of Maine, Ohio and 
Mississippi have not nominated any Trustees, and that the 
only one nominated by Georgia is deceased. 

That the following Dioceses have not contributed any 
funds to the Seminary, viz., Maine, Vermont, Ohio, Mis 
sissippi. 

Tnat New Hampshire is entitled to elect two Trustees, 
but has elected only one : that Massachusetts is entitled 
to six, but has nominated only five. 

That the following Dioceses, not having nominated to 
the present General Convention any Trustees, are entitled 
to the same Trustees as have been before nominated to, and 
confirmed by the General Convention ; who, according to 



282 JOURNAL OF THE GENERA.L CONVENTION. [1829. 

the constitution, continue in office until their successors are 
appointed : 

RHODE ISLAND : The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, the Rev. 
Nathan B. Crocker, D. D. 2. 

NEW YORK : The Rev. William Harris, D. D., the Rev. 
David Butler, the Rev. Thomas Lydl, D. D., the Rev. Wil 
liam Berrian, D. D., the Rev. John M'Vickar, D. D., the Rev. 
James Milnor, D. D., the Rev. William Creihton, the Rev. 
Jonathan M. Wainwright, D. D., the Rev. Henry Anthon, 
the Rev. Lucius Smith, the Rev. John Reed, D. D., the Rev. 
William B. Lacey, D. D., the Rev. Francis H. Cuming, 
Nehemiah Rogers, David S. Jones, Esq., Henry M'Farlan, 
Thomas S. Townsend, Esq., Edward R. Jones, Esq., Stephen 
Warren, Esq., Robert Troup, Esq., Thomas L. Ogden, Esq., 
Isaac Lawrence, Esq., David E. Evans, Esq., Jacob Loril- 
lard, Esq., the Hon. James Emott, the Hon. Nathan Wil 
liams, John C. Spencer, Esq., William Johnson, Esq. 28. 

DELAWARE : His Excellency Samuel Paynter. 1. 

SOUTH CAROLINA : The Rev. Paul T. Gervais. the Rer. 
Christian Hanckel, the Rev. Allston Gibbes, the Rev. Chris 
topher E. Gadsden, D. D., Thomas Lowndes, William Hey- 
ward, D. E. Huger. 7. 

Your Committee recommend that the nominations now 
made of Trustees be confirmed, as follows : 

NEW HAMPSHIRE : The Rev. Charles Burroughs. 1. 

VERMONT : The Rev. Abraham Bronson. 1. 

MASSACHUSETTS : The Rev. James Morss, D. D., the 
Rev. Asa Eaton, D. D., Gardner Green, David Sears, James 
Bowdoin. 5. 

CONNECTICUT : The Rev. Daniel Burhans, the Rev. Har 
ry Croswell, the Rev. Truman Marsh, the Rev. Bethel Judd, 
Nathan Smith, Esq.. Burrage Beach, Esq., Samuel W. John 
son, Esq., Richard Adams, Esq. 8. 

NEW JERSEY : The Rev. John Croes, Jr., the Rev. Wil 
liam L. Johnson, the Rev. Matthew Matthews, George C. 
Thomas, Esq. 4. 

PENNSYLVANIA : The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., the 
Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., the Rev. William H. De 
Lancey, D. D., the Rev. John Rodney, Jr., the Rev. George 
Weller, the Rev. William Cooper Mead, the Hon. David 
Scott, Dr. P. Mowry, John Read, Esq., William Meredith, 
Esq., the Hon. John Read, Daniel St. Clair, Esq. 12. 



[1829. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 283 

MARYLAND : The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., the 
Rev. John Johns, the Rev. John P. K. Henshavv, the Rev. 
John V. Bartow, the Hon. Nicholas Brice, John B. Eccles- 
ton, Esq., Alexander C. Magruder, Esq., Francis S. Key, 
Esq., John C. Herbert, Esq. 9. 

VIRGINIA : The Rev. Reuel Keith, D. D., the Rev. Nich 
olas H. Cobbs, the Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D., the Rev. 
Edward C. M'Guire, Dr. Carter Berkeley, Mr. Philip Nel 
son. 6. 

NORTH CAROLINA : The Rev. John Avery, the Hon. 
Duncan Cameron, Josiah Collins. 3. 

South Carolina and New York are the only Dioceses that 
have contributed to the Building Fund of the Seminary, 
in compliance with the resolution of the last General Con 
vention. 

Signed by order and in behalf of the Committee. 

ALLSTON GIBBES, Chairman. 

The above report was accepted ; the nominations therein 
contained confirmed ; and notice thereof sent to the House 
of Bishops. 

The message of the House of Bishops, proposing an amend 
ment to the resolution of this House respecting the time 
and place of the meeting of the next General Convention, 
was called up for consideration. 

On motion, Resolved, That this House disagree to the 
amendment proposed by the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, That a Committee of five be appointed to con 
fer with the Bishops on the subject of the time and place of 
the meeting of the next Convention. 

The Rev. Dr. Morss, the Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Mr. 
Gibbes, Dr. Jones and Mr. Chambers were appointed, and 
notice sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Committee to whom was referred the canon "Re 
specting Churches in which divine service is celebrated in 
a foreign language," reported favourably to the passage of 
the same ; whereupon, the said canon was passed, and sent 
to the House of Bishops. 

The standing Committee on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society, made the following report : 

The standing Committee on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society having had under consideration the last 



284 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

triennial Report of the Society, and the several annual Re 
ports of the Board of Directors, beg leave respectfully to 
report, 

That these documents afford gratifying evidence of the 
growing prosperity and usefulness of this Institution. Dur 
ing the three years last past, churches have been erected 
under its auspices at $t. Louis and Detroit. Missionaries, 
most of whom are now labouring with highly encouraging 
prospects, have been sent to St. Agustine, Pensacola, and 
Tallahasse in Florida ; and to Tuscaloosa in Alabama ; the 
operations at Green Bay, for some time suspended, have been 
resumed ; a settlement of the Oneida Indians in Michigan 
has been taken under the care of the Society ; and a Mission 
ary Agent has been despatched to Greece to make prepara 
tions for establishing Schools, and dispensing Christian in 
struction, among that interesting and unfortunate people. 
For the zeal with which these measures have been present 
ed by the Society, and more especially by its Executive Com 
mittee, and its late able and faithful Secretary, the Commit 
tee, in behalf of the Convention, would render them their 
unfeigned acknowledgments. 

But while thus much has been accomplished, and while 
the Committee would acknowledge it with devout gratitude 
to Almighty God, they still cannot but express their regret 
that these efforts have borne so small a proportion they 
will not say to the magnitude of the cause or the ability of 
Churchmen but so small a proportion even to that mission 
ary zeal which is actually existing in our Church. The 
truth is, and the Committee feel themselves bound to state 
it distinctly, this Society has not yet received, or at least 
has not till very recently received, even from the friends of 
Missions amongst us, that general and cordial support which 
was so earnestly to have been desired. The _ Committee are 
far from imputing this to any fault in the executive officers of 
the society. Those gentlemen have been subjected to pecul 
iar and most discouraging embarrassments. Almost destitute 
of pecuniary means, unable on many pressing emergencies, 
to procure Missionaries of the suitable character, it surely 
cannot be deemed strange that the sphere of their labours 
has been limited, and that the instruments employed have 
sometimes proved inadequate. To your Committee it has 
appeared plain that this imperfect support is to be ascribed 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 285 

not so much to these causes as, 1st, to the want of plans for 
raising funds, organized on systematic principles, and eman 
ating from the Board of Directors : and 2d, to some provis 
ions of the constitution, which, while serving, in some meas 
ure, to impede the operations of the Society, have had the 
still more disastrous effect of estranging from it many who 
should have been its friends. 

It affords the Committee, therefore, no little pleasure to 
he able to say that these impediments are now in the way of 
being removed. To the defects in the constitution, the 
Board of Directors seem to have given much and anxious 
attention, and the result of their labours is seen in certain 
amendments which they have proposed to the Society for 
adoption, and which, having been adopted by the Society, 
and sanctioned by the House of Bishops, have been presen 
ted to this House for concurrence. The Committee, after 
giving to the subject considerable reflection, are of opinion 
that these amendments are well calculated to promote the 
interests of the Society, and they therefore recommend them 
to the favourable consideration of the House. 

The Committee are also happy to perceive from their last 
Keport, that the Board of Directors themselves are aware of 
the importance of some systematic and extended measures 
for the raising of funds. The plan which they proposed is 
to establish auxiliaries, and organize, as subsidiary to these, 
parochial and other small associations. Having tested, as 
the Society has, the insufficiency of mere casual donations, 
and congregational collections, invited as it is by the practice 
of all similar institutions to the adoption of the course here 
suggested by the Board, and firmly persuaded as your Com 
mittee are, that this is the only mode by which the Society 
can secure those regular and perennial and increasing contri 
butions to its treasury, which are indispensable to the pros 
ecution of any extended or profitable enterprize, they hope, 
ere long, to see it carried into effect. It is to be understood, 
of course, that these measures are not to be prosecuted 
where they are not approved by the Bishop of the Diocese, 
and are never to be brought in collision with those Mission 
ary Associations, the objects of which are more strictly of a 
local and domestic nature. 

In connection with this subject, the Committee would ad 
vert to another consideration which seems to them import- 



286 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

ant. On looking over the past efforts of the Society, they 
are forcibly impressed with the belief that those efforts have 
been spread over too large a surface : that they have been 
divided between too many and various objects. In the in 
fancy of the Institution, when its means were limited ; when 
the few Missionaries, ready to serve it, had their eye on such 
different fields of labour, and when the Directors were urged 
importunately from every side to exhibit some fruit of their 
exertions, such an error was not unnatural. But your Com 
mittee are nevertheless persuaded that it was an error. They 
believe that concentrated action alone is powerful action. 
If we would have our contributions and exertions produce 
the greatest possible amount of good ; if we would ensure 
those early and signal returns, so calculated to cheer the 
hearts and redouble the exertions of the benevolent, we must 
restrict ourselves to a small number of objects. In support 
of these let all possible energy be enlisted. Let every prac 
ticable means be adopted, consistent with other ami para 
mount claims, to awaken a widespread and permanent in 
terest in their behalf. But let no new enterprize be under 
taken without the most urgent reasons. It is from consid 
erations like these, that your Committee have deemed it 
their duty to recommend, that the foreign operations of the 
Society be limited to the Missions already established, or 
about to be established. It has already two stations among 
the Aborigines of our own country. There is one Missionary 
on the shores of the Mediterranean ; and it is understood 
that the earliest opportunity will be taken to despatch 
another to Liberia. And when we consider the peculiar 
debt which we owe to Africa, and the facilities for providing 
her with Missionaries which are to be afforded by the Mis 
sion School at Hartford ; when we consider further, that 
there is both about the inhabitants of Greece and the natives 
of our own country, something which commends them with 
especial force to the sympathies of our nature ; it will be ob 
vious, that there can be no objects more important or feasi 
ble none better calculated to enlist the support of all our 
people, and none, which, if vigorously prosecuted, give prom- 
of such abundant success. 

With respect to the domestic operations of the Society, 
the principle here mentioned, though applicable, is not ap 
plicable in the same sense, nor to the same extent. It fol- 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 287 

lows, from the nature of the case, that the stations at pres 
ent occupied by the Society, if properly conducted, will soon 
be able to dispense with its aid, and that then, if not sooner, 
the Board will be called to the selection of new scenes for its 
operations. On this subject your Committee have delibera 
ted with deep and anxious interest. They see our young 
country, at the west and south, advancing with unexampled 
and almost fearful rapidity. They see that in the extension 
of Christianity, and in the establishment of the institutions 
of our Church, are to be found most important and indis 
pensable safeguards to its peace and prosperity. But they 
perceive that there will be great difficulty in deciding to 
what points the chief energies of this Society shall be direct 
ed ; where, in that vast expanse which is ripening as wheat 
unto the harvest, it can put in its sickle with the best pros 
pect of reaping an abundant and glorious harvest. It is 
plain, that before these questions are decided, we must ascer 
tain where are the greatest spiritual necessities, and where 
the most favourable openings for the introduction of our 
Church. And on this subject, it has appeared to your Com 
mittee, in common with all others who have given it their 
attention, that there is a great deficiency of definite and au 
thentic information. They have been forcibly impressed 
with the effect which has been produced by the recent visit 
to Tennessee and Kentucky, of the Bishop of North Carolina ; 
its effect in enlarging our acquaintance with the true condi 
tion of that interesting region, and in disclosing to us the ex 
tensive and touching demands which are made from thence 
for the services of our Church. Could such visits be made 
more frequently, and extensively, and leisurely, it is obvious, 
that while a most favourable impression would be made in 
behalf of*our Church, a mass of information would be col 
lected, which to this Society would be invaluable. It is, 
therefore, with the most lively satisfaction, that your Com 
mittee have heard, that a proposition is now before the Board 
of Directors, to invite one of our Prelates to visit the valley 
of the Mississippi, with a reference to this object ; and that 
it is contemplated, that on his return, he shall make it his 
especial business to awaken throughout the Southern Atlan 
tic States, a more extensive and active interest in behalf of 
this Society. Your Committee can think of no enterprize 
better calculated to reflect honour on the Episcopal charac- 



288 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

ter, or promote the permanent welfare of our brethren at the 
west, and they therefore recommend it to the favourable con 
sideration of this House. 

In conclusion, the Committee would apologize for the 
length to which they have extended their report. They 
trust they will not be thought to have transcended their 
powers, or to have called the attention of the Convention to 
matters of an irrelevant or unimportant nature. When it 
is considered that this Society was formed by the General 
Convention, and operates under its immediate supervision ; 
when it is remembered that it was designed to present to all 
in our communion who are interested in missions, a reservoir 
where their liberality may collect and flow forth in streams 
to bless and make glad our sinful world ; when it is remem 
bered that while none are coerced to join it or contribute to 
its funds, it still stands an authorized channel through which 
the accumulated charities of the Church may be so guided as 
to subserve its own high interests ; when these things are 
considered, your Committee cannot but look upon this insti 
tution as one of the most important they may say the most 
important in our Church. It is evident that a spirit of ac 
tive philanthropy is abroad in the world. It is evident that 
it is beginning to pervade our own communion. Our highest 
dignitaries are seen at one time, traversing mountains to visit 
distant and scattered members of their spiritual flocks ; at 
another, collecting around them the children of the forest, 
who have been reclaimed from Pagan darkness through their 
instrumentality, and dispensing to them Christian counsel 
and blessing ; and again standing up before the highest and 
most solemn council of the Church, and pleading in behalf 
of the missionary cause. At such a time, if we would give 
to this spirit a proper direction ; if we would not -compel it 
to resort without our own pale for a field over which to ex 
patiate ; if we would render it the means of binding together 
brethren of the same household, instead of dividing them 
asunder ; if, in one word, we would render it subservient, as 
easily we may, to the extending of our borders and the con 
solidating of our strength ; then must we look with favour 
on the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. We may 
not feel prepared to embark in its support, but we must be 
willing to bid it God speed. Careful, in the first place, to 
give it such a form as will recommend it to the favour and 



I 
1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 289 

patronage of all who ought to be its friends ; careful to see 
that in the conduct of its affairs there is activity in raising 
the means, caution in selecting the missionaries, and econ 
omy in disbursing the resources ; we must then call on all 
who feel an interest in this object, on all who, loving the 
Lord Jesus Christ, are constrained by that love to labour 
for the salvation of those who are afar oif, to give it their 
united, their hearty, and their steady support. 

The Committee would recommend to the House the adop 
tion of the following resolutions, viz. 

1. Kesolved, That it be recommended to all Protestant 
Episcopalians who contribute to the support of general mis 
sions, to make the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society 
the channel of their contributions. 

2. Resolved, That the amendments to the Constitution 
adopted by the Society, and sanctioned by the House of 
Bishops, be concurred in by this House. 

3. Resolved, That it be recommended to the Board to 
take the earliest opportunity of sending a Missionary to Li 
beria, on the coast of Africa, and to restrict their foreign 
operations to that post, and the others already established. 

All which is respectfully submitted in behalf of the Com 
mittee. 

A. POTTER, Chairman. 

The above report was accepted, and the resolutions therein 
offered passed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing their agreement in the proposition of a conference 
respecting the time of the meeting of the next Convention ; 
and that they had appointed, on their part, the Right Rev. 
Bishops Hobart and Meade. 

The report of the joint Committee on the Psalms in me 
tre was called up for consideration. 

A resolution for the indefinite postponement of the sub 
ject was offered and lost. 

A resolution was offered to recommit the report to the 
same Committee. 

A substitute for the last resolution was then offered as 
follows : 

Resolved, That the report of the joint Committee on 
the Psalms in metre be referred to a Committee consisting 



'290 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

of three Bishops, to be chosen by the House of Bishops, 
and of four Clergymen, and four Laymen, to be chosen by 
this House ; of whom four, provided a Bishop be one, shall 
be a quorum ; and that the Committee be required to print 
and circulate their report at least one year before the meet 
ing of the next General Convention. 

The above substitute was adopted and sent to the House 
of Bishops. 

The Committee of conference with the Bishops, respecting 
the time of the meeting of the next General Convention, 
reported, as the result of the conference, a resolution fixing 
on the third Wednesday in May, 1832. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops stating 
their concurrence in the report of the Committee of con 
ference. 

On motion, Resolved, That this House do not concur in 
the report of the Committee ; but adhere to their first res 
olution on the subject, appointing the second Wednesday in 
October, 1832, as the time of meeting. 

The above resolution was sent to the House of Bishops. 

The resolution respecting the copyright of the Hymns 
was then called up and read, as follows : 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That the Committee ap 
pointed at the last triennial Convention of 1826, to take out 
a copyright of the Book of Hymns, &c., and to assign the 
same for one year, be authorized, if they deem it expedient, 
to assign the residue of the term of the copyright for such 
consideration as they may deem acceptable ; taking care to 
provide, by the conditions of their assignment, for the print 
ing and publishing a full supply of copies for the use of the 
Church, and at reasonable prices. 

The following was offered as an amendment : 

Resolved by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, the 
House of Bishops concurring, That the copyright of the 
Hymns secured to this Convention, be, and the same hereby 
is renounced ; and it is hereby declared that no restriction 
shall be imposed upon the publication of the Hymns. 

The following was then proposed as a substitute : 

Resolved, That the Committee be authorized to make a 
contract with a printer on terms which will ensure the sale 
of the book at the lowest possible prices. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 291 

The question being put on the above substitute, it was 
lost. 

The amended resolution was then carried, and sent to the 
House of Bishops. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops com 
municating their concurrence in the original resolution of 
this House respecting the time of the meeting of the next 
Convention, with an amendment, substituting the third 
Wednesday for the second Wednesday. 

On motion, this House concurred in the amendment of 
the House of Bishops, and sent to that House notice of such 
concurrence. So that it is now resolved by both Houses, that 
the next General Convention shall meet in the city of New 
York, on the third Wednesday in October, 1832. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops stat 
ing their concurrence in the resolution referring the report 
of the Committee on the Psalms in metre to a joint Com 
mittee ; and that they had appointed, on their part, the 
Eight Rev. Bishops White, Hobart and Croes. 

The following gentlemen were then appointed by this 
House on the said joint Committee : 

The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. I)., The Rev. Samuel H. Turn 
er, D. D., The Rev. Jackson Kemper, D. D., The Rev. Wil 
liam A. Muhlenberg, Samuel J. Donaldson, Esq., William 
Meredith, Esq., Horace Binney, Esq., Clement C. Moore, 
LL. D. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this House that they had concurred in passing the 
canon respecting Churches in which Divine Service is cele 
brated in a foreign language. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops stat 
ing their appointment, agreeably to a request of this House, 
of a Committee consisting of Bishops White, Hobart and 
Croes, on the subject of extending Episcopal supervision to 
the States and Territories in which the Church is not organ 
ized : and also informing this House of the concurrence of 
the Bishops in passing the resolutions relative to the de 
ficiency in the income of the General Theological Seminary, 
and to the establishment of Scholarships therein ; and in 
the nominations of Trustees of the said Seminary. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, the 
Rev. Dr. Lyell, and Mr. John V. Van Ingen, be appointed 



292 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION^ [1829. 

by this House, to be united with any Committee that may 
be appointed by the House of Bishops, as a joint Commit 
tee to superintend the printing of the Journal, Pastoral Let 
ter and other documents. 

Notice of the above was sent to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That a Committee be appointed 
to request of the Eight Rev. Bishop White, for publication, 
a copy of his sermon preached yesterday at the consecration 
of the Right Rev. Bishop Meade. 

The Rev. Dr. Wharton and Mr. Newton were appointed ; 
who, having fulfilled the object of their appointment, re 
turned for answer that a copy would be granted accordingly. 

The Pastoral Letter of the House of Bishops to the Mem 
bers of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States was received by this House, and ordered to be laid 
on the table, and read when this House again meets. 

THURSDAY, August 20, 5 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Stephen T. Northam, Esq., of Rhode Island, having pro 
duced testimonials of his appointment as a Lay Delegate 
from that Diocese, took his seat in the House. 

The minutes of the proceedings this morning were read 
and approved. 

The Pastoral Letter of the House of Bishops was read. 

On motion, Resolved, That 2500 copies of the Journal 
be printed ; that 200 copies be reserved in the hands of the 
Secretary ; and that the remainder be distrihuted to the 
several Dioceses, in proportion to their respective numbers 
of clergy. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating a canon passed by that House, entitled, " In ad 
dition to Canon thirty-third, of 1808." 

On motion, the above canon was passed by this House, 
and notice thereof sent to the House of Bishops. 

It having been stated to the House that the amount of 
funds in the hands of the Committee holding the copyright 
of the Hymns, and appropriated by this Convention to the 
payment of debts incurred at former meetings, is such as to 
supercede, in part, the necessity of the special assessment on 
each Diocese, at the rate of one dollar for every clergyman 
therein, determined on at the meeting on Tuesday last it 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 293 

was resolved that the resolution laying the said assessment 
be reconsidered. 

The resolution was then amended by substituting the 
words twenty-five cents, for the words " one dollar." So 
that the resolution now stands as follows : 

Resolved, That, the Secretary of this House be, and he 
is hereby authorized to write to the Secretaries of each State 
or Diocesan Convention, and request that a special assess 
ment of twenty-five cents for each clergyman be collected, 
and remitted to said Secretary, for the purpose of paying the 
debt now due from the General Convention. 

On motion, Resolved, That the thanks of this House 
be presented to the President, Secretary and Assistant Sec 
retary, for the services rendered by them respectively, dur 
ing this session. 

On motion, Resolved, -That the Secretary be authorized 
fo employ a clerk to transcribe, under his direction, the 
minutes of the proceedings of this House into the record 
book. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, stat 
ing that they had appointed the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, 
and their Secretary, the Rev. Dr. Wilson, to unite with the 
Committee of publication appointed by this House. 

The following document was read and unanimously ad 
opted : 

The members of this House, at the close of its session, 
desire to express collectively, what is felt individually, their 
unfeigned gratification in relation to the general tenor and 
character of their deliberations. Although several subjects, 
themselves of weighty consideration, but rendered still more 
interesting by their intimate connection with various and 
peculiar views and opinions, have been discussed generally 
with zeal, sometimes with warmth ; yet if these have ever 
been disproportioned, in the judgment of some, to fitness 
and strict propriety, we have the pleasure and comfort to 
know that they have vanished even before the occasion which 
gave rise to them had passed away, and given place to re 
turn of feelings worthy of the individuals immediately con 
cerned, and highly creditable to their hearts and under 
standings. 

The results of the proceedings, doubtless, have not con- 



294 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

formed to the wishes of all ; but there is discernible neither 
the spirit of triumph nor the sense of defeat. And while 
all entertain the belief that all have been under the guid 
ance of pure motives, they heartily join in the desire that 
the good intended may be more than fulfilled, and that the 
evil apprehended may never come. 

In one respect the members of this House feel special 
cause for thankfulness and congratulation ; that while re 
ciprocal esteem has more and more increased since the first 
day of the session, even in the opposition of opinion, a re 
view now shows that the influence of party feeling, anxious 
ly apprehended by many, if it had found an entrance here 
at all, is disappearing, and that there are not wanting rea 
sons for hope that ere long it will have disappeared alto 
gether. 

Encouraged by, and cherishing this hope, while the mem 
bers of this House separate with strengthened sentiments 
of mutual confidence, they will go to their respective homes 
and Dioceses, looking for aid to the source of "all good 
counsels and all just works," with the purpose, as far as in 
them lies, to endeavour to restore peace where she has been 
lost ; trusting that the time is not distant when, in an in 
creased, single-hearted and consistent attachment to our be- 
Joved Church, her doctrine, discipline and worship, and an 
unmingled desire of advancing her prosperity, shall be 
merged every party and arbitrary distinction ; and when 
Churchmen shall be known as such, by their devoted attach 
ment to these by mutual tolerance as to things left indif 
ferent, by forbearance and kindness towards each other in 
all things, and by the cultivation and practice of Christian 
virtues and graces ; above all, by charity towards all. 

Ordered, that this minute be entered on the Journal, as 
the last act of this session. 

The Secretary was appointed to wait on the House of 
Bishops, and inform them that this House is ready to rise, 
and respectfully request the Bishops to unite with this 
House, and close the session with suitable acts of devotion, 
and their benediction. 

The House of Bishops then joined this House. Rome ap 
propriate collects and prayers from the Liturgy were read 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 295 

by the Presiding Bishop ; a portion of the 122d Psalm in 
metre was sung, and the benediction pronounced by the 
Presiding Bishop. 

The Bishops having retired, the House adjourned sine 
die. 

Signed by order of the House, 

WILLIAM E. WYATT, D. D., PRESIDENT. 
Attest, 

BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, D. D., Secretary. 



JOURNAL 





PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, 12TH AUGUST, 1829, 
Half after 10 o'clock, A. M. 

being the day appointed for the meeting of the 
General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America ; and agree 
ably to the resolution of the last General Convention, Phil 
adelphia being the appointed place of meeting, the Right 
Eev. William White, D. D., of Pennsylvania ; the Right 
Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., of New York ; the Right 
Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., of the Eastern Dio 
cese ; the Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., of 
Virginia ; the Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., of New Jer 
sey ; the Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., 
LL. D., of Connecticut ; the Ri<j;ht Rev. John Stark Rav- 
enscroft, D. D., of North Carolina, and the Right Rev. 
Henry Ustick Onderdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop of Penn 
sylvania, attended divine service in St. James's Church. 
Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Francis L. Hawkes, 
of Connecticut, and a sermon was preached by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Brownell ; after which the communion was 
administered by the Right Rev. Bishop White, assisted by 
the Right Rev. Bishops Sobart, Croes and Brownell. 

After divine service the Bishops assembled in the vestry 
room of St. James's Church. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Bird WHson, 
D. D., be requested to act as Secretary of this House. 
296 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 297 

The Kev. Mr. Burhans and Mr. Meredith, a Committee 
of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, informed the 
Bishops that that House had chosen the Rev. William 
E. Wyatt, D. D., of Maryland, their President, and the 
Kev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., of New^York, their Sec 
retary, and were now organized and ready to proceed to 
business. 

The Bishops communicated information to the other 
House, by that Committee, that this House also are organ - 
izKl and ready to proceed to business, and have appointed 
the Rev. Dr. Wilson their Secretary. 

A letter from the Rev. Frederick Dalcho, Secretary of the 
Convention of South Carolina, to the Secretary of this 
House, transmitting copies of sundry resolutions of that 
Convention, relative to the alterations in the Liturgy and 
Constitution proposed at the last General Convention, was 
received and read. 

The Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informed the Bishops that that House had 
resolved to open the Convention every day with the morning 
service ; and the Bishops communicated, through Dr. On 
derdonk, to that House, a resolution passed by them, as fol 
lows : " Resolved, That the House of Bishops will attend 
morning prayer with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties every morning during the session of this Convention ;" 
and also, that this House was adjourned until to-morrow 
morning at 9 o'clock. 

Adjourned. 



THURSDAY, 13th August, 1829, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 
Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

A letter from Mr. John G. Williams, Secretary of the 
Convention of the Diocese of Virginia, transmitting copies 
of a preamble and resolutions of that Convention, upon the 
proposed alterations of the Liturgy and Constitution, was 
received and read. 

The Presiding Bishop stated to the House, that he had 



298 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

obtained, through the good offices of Peter Pederson, Esq., 
Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the King of Den 
mark, to the United States, a full account of the doctrine, 
the discipline and of the worship of that country, including 
a statistical account of the ministry of the same ; which doc 
uments the Presiding Bishop has caused to be bound, and 
now submits them to this House, proposing that they be de 
posited, with other books and papers, under the control of 
the Convention, in a chest provided by him for their safe 
keeping. Resolved, That information of this be transmit- 
ed to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, and that it 
be determined, with their concurrence, that the said chest 
be deposited in the library of Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
with the consent of the Rector and the Vestry of the same ; 
to be subject to the future order of any General Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating their resolution, that seats be 
provided for the Bight Reverend the Bishops, when they 
shall choose to attend the deliberations of that House. 

The Presiding Bishop presented the third triennial report 
of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the United States ; which was 
ordered to be sent to the other House. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Hobart presented the triennial 
report of the Trustees of the General Theological Semin 
ary, which was read, and ordered also to be sent to the other 
House. 

A communication was received from the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies, that they concurred with this House 
in the resolution for the disposal of certain documents rela 
tive to the Church of Denmark. 

On motion, the House adjourned until eleven o'clock, to 
morrow morning. 



FRIDAY, 14th August, 1829, 11 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

A letter from the Chairman of the Standing Committee 
of the New York Protestant Episcopal Press to the House 



1829.] JOUKNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 299 

of Bishops, relative to that institution was presented and 
read. 

Resolutions were communicated from the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies, appointing, if the Bishops concur, 
the second Wednesday in October, 1832, as the time for the 
meeting of the next General Convention, and New York as 
the place of meeting ; which were laid on the table. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with the following resolution : " Resolved, 
the House of Bishops concurring, That the Church in the 
State of Tennessee be admitted into union with the General 
Convention." Whereupon, Resolved, That a Committee 
be appointed to ascertain if the Church in the State of 
Tennessee has complied with the constitutional requisitions 
necessary to its admission into union with the General Con 
vention, and to report. The Right Rev. the Presiding Bish 
op, and the Right Rev. Bishops Brownell and Ravenscroit, 
were appointed the Committee. 

A message was also received, communicating a report from 
the joint Committee on the Canons, and a resolution of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, adopting the two res 
olutions attached to the report. The Bishops concurred in 
passing those resolutions, and directed information of their 
concurrence to be given to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. 



SATURDAY, 15th August, 1829, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

The Committee appointed yesterday on the resolution 
from the other House for the admission of the Church in the 
State of Tennessee into union with the General Convention, 
reported as follows : The Committee to whom was referred 
the Constitution and Canons of the Diocese of Tennessee, 
together with the resolution of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, admitting that Diocese into union with this 
Convention, respectfully report, 
That they have examined the said Constitution and Canons, 



300 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

and recommend a concurrence in the resolution of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

At the same time the Committee propose that it be re 
spectfully recommended to the Convention of the Diocese 
of Tennessee to repeal the proviso to the third canon pass 
ed by that body, July 2nd, 1829, as highly inexpedient in 
itself, and not conformable to the principles of this Church. 

And, on motion, the report of the Committee was adopt 
ed, and information thereof sent to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, seconded 
by the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, Resolved, That, un 
der existing circumstances, it is not expedient to adopt the 
proposed resolutions relative to the Liturgy and office of 
Confirmation, and they are therefore hereby dismissed from 
the consideration of the Convention. And the resolution 
was sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for con 
currence. 

A message was afterwards' received from that House with 
information that they concurred in that resolution. 

Adjourned until 9 o'clock on Monday morning. 



MONDAY, 17th August, 1829, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service. Present as on Saturday. 

The minutes of Saturday were read and approved. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies as follows : " Resolved, the House of 
Bishops concurring, That this Convention agree to and 
ratify the alteration of the eighth Article of the Constitu 
tion, proposed by the last Convention. The Bishops con 
curred in passing "the said resolution ; and directed informa 
tion thereof to be sent to the other House. 

The Presiding Bishop laid before the House a communi 
cation from the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 
containing a resolution of the Society adopting certain 
amendments of the Constitution thereof, which was read as 
follows : 

At a meeting of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 30i 

Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the "United 
States of America, held by adjournment at St. Peter's 
Church, August 15, 1829, it was '"Kesolved, That the fol 
lowing amendments to the Constitution of the Society be 
adopted, and laid before the General Convention for the con 
currence of that body :" 

In ART. II. Strike out from the first paragraph the words 
" and of the members of the house of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies of the General Convention of the said Church, for 
the time being," and the whole of the second paragraph ; 
inserting instead of it as follows : " Clergymen who pay 
fifty dollars, and other persons who pay one hundred dol 
lars, at one time, shall be denominated Patrons, and shall 
be honorary members of the Board of Directors." In the 
third paragraph, after the word "foreign," insert the follow 
ing, " or to what particular missionary object." 

In ART. III. First paragraph, substitute the word " sec 
ond," for "first." In the second paragraph, substitute the 
words, " Board of Directors," for "house of Bishops." 

In ART. V. First paragraph, after " Vice Presidents," 
strike out the words, " and Patrons of the Society, who shall, 
ex officio, be Directors," and insert the words, " Secretary, 
Treasurer and Patrons, who shall have become such prior 
to the General Convention of 1829 ;" and strike out the 
first pnragraph of the second sentence, and insert the follow 
ing : " they shall meet annually, on the second Tuesday in 
May, in the city of Philadelphia, or in some other place, to 
be determined by the Executive Committee, except in the 
year of the meeting of the General Convention, when they 
shall assemble on the day, and in the place of the meeting 
thereof." 

ART. VI. Strike out the whole, and insert the following : 
" The Board may establish missionary stations, appoint mis 
sionaries, and make all by-laws necessary for their own gov 
ernment, and for regulating the appointment of missiona 
ries, appropriations of money, and the conducting of the 
missions. Special meetings, a month's previous notice being 
given, may be called, when necessary, to fix new missionary 
stations, and to transact such business as circumstances may 
require ; at which special meetings, seven members, includ 
ing the President, or one of the Vice Presidents, shall be a 
quorum to transact business. The Board shall appoint an 



302 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1829.] 

Executive Committee, and may at any meeting, appoint 
such Committees as may be necessary or useful, and give to 
them such powers as, in the opinion of the Board, shall tend 
to the accomplishment of the objects of the Society ; but no 
missionary shall be appointed, either by the Board or by 
any Committee to whom the appointment shall be assigned 
by the Board, unless the President, or the Bishop to whose 
Diocese he belongs, shall assent thereto." 

ART. VII. Strike out the second paragraph, and insert 
these words : " The duties of the Treasurer shall be defined 
by the Board of Director?." And strike out the third par 
agraph, and insert these words : " the permanent fund shall 
be composed hereafter of such legacies and other sums as 
shall be specially given for that fund/' 

ART. VIII. Strike out the words, " at their annual meet 
ings ;" the words, " advice and," and the whole of the last 
sentence. 

ART. IX. Strike out the words, " shall be forwarded," and 
insert the words, " he shall forward." 

ART. X. Strike out the whole, and substitute as follows : 
" The Board of Directors shall annually publish, for the in 
formation of the members of the Church, a report of their 
proceedings, and shall, at every meeting of the Society, pre 
sent a general view of the proceedings of the Board since 
the last meeting, which shall be referred to a Committee to 
prepare, for the consideration of the Society, a report to be 
presented to the Convention during its session, as the report 
of the Society. True copy from the minutes. 

Attest, GEORGE WELLER, Secretary. 

PHILADELPHIA, August 16, 1829. 

And on motion, Resolved, That this House agree to, and 
adopt the said amendments, and that they be sent to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for concurrence. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies for admitting the Church in the State of Ken 
tucky into union with the General Convention ; and was 
on motion, referred to a Committee consisting of the Right 
Rev. the Presiding Bishop, and the Right Rev. Bishops 
Brownell and Ravenscroft. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with testimonials in favour of the Rev. Wil- 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 303 

liam Meade x D. D., elected Assistant Bishop of the diocese 
of Virginia, several resolutions of that House on the same 
subject, and sundry other documents relative thereto ; which 
were as follows : 

1. The printed Journal of the Convention of Virginia, held 
at Charlottesville, in May, 1829, containing the proceedings 
respecting the said election on the 22d and 23d of May. 

2. A certificate of Dr. Meade's election from the President 
pro tempore of the Convention. 

3. A certificate of the election from the Bishop of the Di 
ocese, the Right Rev. Dr. Moore. 

4. A testimonial signed by the members of the Convention 
of Virginia, conformably to the third canon of 1808. 

5. A testimonial from the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties, conformable to the same canon, with a certificate of 
the Secretary of that House, that the signatures thereto are 
those of a majority of the members thereof. 

6. Resolutions of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
accompanying their testimonial. 

These several testimonials and documents were read, and 
ordered to lie on the table ; and on motion, the House ad 
journed until to-morrow morning, at 9 o'clock. 



TUESDAY, 18th August, 1829, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

,The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

The Committee appointed yesterday on the resolution to 
admit the Church in the State of Kentucky into union with 
the General Convention, reported as follows : 

The Committee to whom was referred the resolution of 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies admitting the dio 
cese of Kentucky into union with the General Convention, 
report, 

That they have examined the constitution of the said dio 
cese, and find it to be conformable to the principles and or 
der of the Church. They therefore recommend that this 
House concur in the resolution of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 



304 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

Whereupon, on motion, the Bishops adopted the report, 
and concurred in the resolution of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and directed notice thereof to be given to that 
House. 

The House then proceeded to the consideration of the tes 
timonials and other documents relative to the election of the 
Rev. Dr. Meade, and on motion of the Presiding Bishop the 
following resolution was adopted and directed to be commu 
nicated to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

The House of Bishops, on the ground of the testimonials 
and documents sent to them by the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, in favour of the Reverend William Meade, 
D. D., elected Bishop of the diocese of Virginia, have deter 
mined, God willing to consecrate said reverend person in 
St. James's Church, to-morrow, at 10 o'clock. A. M. 

And further, on motion of the Presiding Bishop, the fol 
lowing declaration was adopted relative to the same subject, 
and sent with the resolution to the other House : 

The Bishops cannot proceed to this important measure, 
without declaring their disapprobation of the provision in 
the election of Dr. Meade, which prevents immediate succes 
sion to the episcopacy, on the decease of the present Bishop 
of the Diocese. Nevertheless, this being a new case in ques 
tions of consecration in the Church in this country, the 
Bishops, entertaining no doubt of Dr. Meade's succeeding to 
the diocesan episcopacy, in the event of his surviving of the 
present Bishop, have not permitted the preceding consider 
ation to be a bar to his consecration. But they cannot pro 
ceed to it, without declaring unanimously their determina 
tion, nor without recommending to the future members of 
this House, now that the peculiarities of this case will have 
ceased, not to give such further countenance to the innova 
tion, as might be construed to bind it on the Church, to her 
lasting injury. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies relative to the deficiency in the number of the 
clergy of our Church ; which was read. Whereupon, Re 
solved, That the House of Bishops concur with the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies in the general sentiments express 
ed in the resolution relative to the deficiency in the number 
of the clergy, and will take an opportunity, in their Pastoral 
Letter, of presenting the subject to the consideration of the 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 305 

Clergy and members of the Church, information of which 
was sent to the other House. 

A message was also received from that House communi 
cating a resolution that they concur in the amendment of 
this House to the resolution admitting the Church in Ten 
nessee into union with this Convention. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies empowering the joint Committee to obtain a 
copyright for the Hymns, to defray the expenses of certain 
publications, which have been of essential aid to the Com 
mittee on the Psalrns and Hymns. And on motion, 

" Kesolved, That the resolution be concurred in, with the 
proviso, that this appropriation shall not constitute a prece 
dent for future expenditures for publications issued without 
competent authority." And information hereof was directed 
to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for 
their concurrence in the proposed amendment. 

Adjourned until ten o'clock, to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 19th August, 1829, 10 o'clock, A. M 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
the consecration of the Rev. Dr. Meade. 

Present as yesterday, except the Eight Reverend Bishop 
Ravenscroft. 

After the consecration, the House again met. The Right 
Rev. Bishop Meade appeared, and took his seat. 

And.on motion the House then adjourned until five o'clock 
this afternoon. 

SAME DAY 5 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present, the Right Rev. Bishops White, Hobart, Griswold, 
Croes, Brownell, Onderdonk, and Meade. 

The minutes of yesterday, and of this morning, were read 
and approved. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with five canons, passed by that House ; the 
titles of which are as follows : " Canon. Of those who have 
officiated as ministers among other denominations of Chris 
tians and apply for orders in this Church." "Canon. Of Of 
fences for which ministers shall be tried and punished" 



306 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

" Canon. To govern in the case of a minister declaring that 
he will no longer be a minister of the Church." " Canon. 
Concerning ministers removing from one diocese or State to 
another." "Canon. Of Assistant Bishops." These canons 
were, on motion, severally taken up and considered, and 
adopted by this House ; information of which was directed 
to he given to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with a resolution relative to the variety of 
posture observed in the celebration of the communion office ; 
and requesting the Bishops to express their opinion as to the 
proper postures ; which was ordered to lie on the table for 
future consideration. 

A message was also received, informing the Bishops that 
that House concur in the proviso annexed to the resolution 
respecting the appropriation of funds in the hands of the 
Committee holding the copyright of the Hymns. 

A report of the joint Committee appointed by the last 
General Convention to obtain a copyrignt for the Hymns, 
was received and read, and laid on the table. 

Adjourned until 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



THURSDAY, August 20th, 1829, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
divine service. 

Present as yesterday afternoon, and also the Right Rev. 
Bishops Moore and Raven scroft. 

The minutes of yesterday afternoon were read and ap 
proved. 

The House proceeded to consider the resolutions from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, appointing the time 
and place of the next meeting of the General Convention. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, seconded by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, the first resolution was 
amended by striking out the words " second Wednesday in 
October," and inserting instead thereof, the words " last 
Wednesday in May," and the resolutions so amended, were 
adopted, and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
for their concurrence in the proposed amendment. 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 307 

The Right Rev. Bishop Brownell asked, and obtained 
leave of absence for the remainder of the session. 

Resolutions were received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies relating to the deficiency in the income of the 
General Theological Seminary, and to the establishment of 
scholarships in that institution, for the purpose of aiding 
young men while engaged in their Theological studies. 

The nomination of Trustees for the ensuing three years 
was also received. 

The Bishops concurred in passing these resolutions, and 
likewise approved the nomination of Trustees ; and notice 
thereof was sent to the other House. 

A resolution was also received from that House requesting 
the Bishops to consider of, and report to the next General 
Convention, a plan for extending to the States and Territo 
ries in which the Church is not organized, Episcopal super 
vision. And on motion, Resolved, That the same be referred 
to a Committee, to report a plan to the next Convention. 
The Right Reverend the Presiding Bishop, and the Right 
Reverend Bishops Hobart and Croes, were appointed the 
Committee. And information thereof was communicated 
to the other House. 

The report on the state of the Church, conformably to the 
45th Canon of 1808, was sent up to this House from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, with a request that the 
Bishops would draw up, and cause to be published, a Pasto 
ral Letter to the members of the Church. The report was 
read, and this House transmitted to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, a Pastoral Letter considered and agreed 
upon by them. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information, that that House did not 
concur in the amendment proposed by the House of Bishops, 
to the resolution as to the time of the meeting of the next 
General Convention, and had appointed a committee of con 
ference on their part, consisting of the Rev. Dr. Morss, the 
Rev. Mr. Hawkes, the Rev. Mr. Gibbes, Dr. George Jones, 
and Col. Chambers. Whereupon this House appointed 
the Right Rev. Bishops Hobart and Meade, on their part, 
to confer with that Committee. A report was afterwards 
made from the Committee of conference in favour of fixing 
the third Wednesday in May, 1832, as the time of meeting 



308 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

And this House, on motion, concurred in that report ; in 
formation whereof was communicated to the other House. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relating to the Psalms in metre, as follows : 

" Resolved, That if the House of Bishops concur, the 
report of the committee on the Psalms in metre, be referred 
to a committee of three Bishops, to be chosen by the House 
of Bishops, and four Clergymen and four Laymen, chosen 
by this House, of whom four, provided a Bishop be one, 
shall be a quorum, and that the committtee be required to 
print and circulate their report at least one year before the 
meeting of the next General Convention." This House 
concurred in passing that resolution, and appointed the 
Right Rev. Bishops White, Hobart, and Croes, members of 
the committee on their part ; information of which was 
sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The following resolution was received from that House : 
"Resolved, That this House do not concur in the report 
of the committee of conference as to the time of the meeting 
of the next General Convention, but insist upon its original 
resolution." Whereupon, on motion, Resolved, That this 
House concur in the original resolution, substituting, how 
ever, the third for the second Wednesday in October, .1832. 
And notice thereof was sent to the other House. 

A canon adopted by the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, respecting Churches in which divine service is celebrat 
ed in a foreign language, was received from that House. 
The House of Bishops concurred in passing the same ; and 
information thereof was sent to the other House. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, seconded by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Hobart, proposed a canon in addition to the 
33d canon of 1808, to be adopted by this Convention. The 
House took the same into consideration. 

Afterwards, on motion, the House adjourned until 5 
o'clock this afternoon. 

SAME DAY, 5 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. Present the 
Right Rev. Bishops White, Hobart, Griswold, Croes, Rav- 
enscroft, Onderdonk and Meajle. 

The minutes of this morning were read and approved. 

The House proceeded with the consideration of the canon 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 309 

proposed by the Eight Kev. Bishop Onderdonk this morn 
ing ; and on motion, Resolved, That the canon be adopt 
ed, and be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
for concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this House, that the printing of 
that House was committed to a Committee consisting of 
Drs. Onderdonk and Lyell, and Mr. Van Ingen. The 
House of Bishops appointed, on their part, the Right Rev. 
Bishop Hobart, and their Secretary, the Rev. Dr. Wilson, 
to be united with the Committee of the other House. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this House that they concurred in 
the amendment to the resolution fixing the time of the 
meeting of the next General Convention to the third 
Wednesday of October, 1832. 

And also informing this House that they adopt the canon in 
addition to the 33d canon of 1808, as proposed by this House. 

Another message was received from that House with a 
resolution renouncing the copyright of the Hymns. Bishop 
Hobart moved that this House do not concur therein, but 
pass the following as a substitute therefor : Resolved, That 
the copyright for the Hymns allowed by the Church, secured 
to this Convention, be retained ; but that the copyright 
for any term of years be not at the present disposed of. And 
on the question being put on that motion, it was negatived. 
And the House then concurred in passing the resolution sent 
from the other House ; information of which was commu 
nicated to them. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, through the Rev. Dr. Onderdonk, their Sec 
retary, that that House was ready to adjourn, and requesting 
this House to unite with them in closing the session with 
offices of devotion. The Bishops accordingly joined that 
House ; when appropriate collects and prayers from the 
Liturgy were read by the Presiding Bishop ; part of the 
122d Psalm was sung by the members of both Houses ; and 
the benediction was pronounced by the Presiding Bishop. 
The Bishops then retiring, this House adjourned sine die. 
Signed by order of the House of Bishops. 
WILLIAM WIHTE, D. D., Presiding Bishop. 

Attest, BIRD WILSON, D. D., Secretary. 



310 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 



Canon 



PASSED IN GENERAL CONVENTION, 1829. 



CANON I. Of those who have officiated as Ministers among 
other denominations of Christians, and apply for orders 
in this Church. 

SEC. 1. "When a person who has been acknowledged as an ordained Minis 
ter among any other denomination of Christians, shall apply for orders in this 
Church, the Bishop to whom application is made, being satisfied, on examina 
tion according to the Canons, that he is a man of piety and unexceptionable 
character; that he holds the doctrines of the Church, and that he possesses 
all the literary and other qualifications required, and being furnished with 
testimonials from the Standing Committee duly convened, may ordain him as 
soon as is convenient. And the Standing Committee may receive testimoni 
als of his piety, good morals, and orderly conduct, from twelve members of 
the denomination from which he came ; provided the members of the Commit 
tee have such confidence in the persons thus testifying, as to satisfy them of 
the correctness of the testimony ; and also a testimonial to the same effect 
from at least one clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In all such 
cases the Standing Committee may insert in their testimonials the words, " we 
believe him to be sincerely attached to the doctrines and discipline of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church," instead of the words, "and hath not written, 
taught, or held, anything contrary to the doctrine or discipline of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church." 

SEC. 2. When any person, not a citizen of the United States, who has been 
acknowledged as an ordained Minister among any other denomination of 
Christians, shall apply for orders in this Church, the Bishop to whom applica 
tion is made shall require of him, (in additian to the above qualifications) sat 
isfactory evidence that he has resided at least one year in the United States 
previous to his application. 

The XVIIth Canon of 1808, and the IVth and Vth of 1820, are hereby re 
pealed. 

CANON II. Offences for which Ministers shall be tried 
and punished. 

If any Minister of this Church shall be accused, by public rumor, of discon 
tinuing all exercise ot the ministerial office without lawful cause, or of living 
in the habitual disuse of public worship, or of the Holy Eucharist, according 



1829.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 311 

to the offices of this Church, or of being guilty of scandalous, disorderly, or 
immoral conduct, or of violating the Canons, or preaching or i nculcaling" her 
etical doctrine, it shall be the duty of the Bishop, or ecclesiastical authoriiy. 
to see that an inquiry be instituted as to the truth of such public rumor. And 
in case of the individual being proceeded against and convicted, according to 
such rules or process as may be provided by the Conventions of the respective 
Dioceses, he shall be admonished, suspended, or degraded, as the nature of 
the case may require. 

The XXVIth Canon of 1808 is hereby repealed. 

CANON III. To govern in the case of a Minister declaring 
that he will no longer be a Minister of this Church. 

If any Minister of this Church, against whom there is no ecclesiastical pro 
ceeding instituted, shall declare to the Bishop of the Diocese to which he 
belongs, or to any ecclesiastical authority for the trial of Clergymen ; or, 
where there is no Bishop, to the Standing Committee, his renunciation of the 
ministry, and his design not to officiate in future in any of the offices thereof, 
it shall be the duty of the Bishop, or where there is no Bishop, of the Stand 
ing Committee, to record the declaration so made. And it shall be the duty 
of the Bishop to displace him from the ministry, and to pronounce and record, 
in the presence of two or three Clergymen, that the person so declaring has been 
displaced from the ministry in this Church. In any Diocese in which there is 
no Bishop, the same sentence may be pronounced by the Bishop of any other 
Diocese, invited by the Standing Committee to attend for that purpose. In the 
case of displacing from the ministry, as above provided for. it shall be the duty 
of the Bishop to give notice thereof to every Bishop of this Church, and to 
the Standing Committee in every Diocese wherein there is no Bishop. And 
in the case of a person making the above declaration for causes not affecting 
his moral standing, the same shall be declared. 

The Vllth Canon of 1820 is hereby repealed. 

CANON IV. Concerning Ministers removing from one Dio 
cese or State to another. 

SEC. 1. No Minister removing from one Diocese to another, or coming from 
any State or district which may not have acceded to the Constitution of this 
Church, shall be received as a stated officiating Minister by any Congregation 
of this Church, until he shall have presented to the Vestry thereof a certifi 
cate from the Bishop or ecclesiastical authority of the Diocese or State to 
which he is about to remove, that he has produced satisfactory testimonials, 
that he has not been justly liable to evil report for error in religion, or vicious- 
ness of life, during the three years last past ; or in case the party has been 
subjected to proceedings, or to inquiry, in consequence of any charges sub 
jecting him to censure, the fact of acquittal or exoneration from such charges 
may be stated in lieu of testimonials in the preceding terms ; which testimo 
nials or statement shall be signed by the Bishop or Bishops, or where there is 
no Bishop, by the majority of the clerical members of the Standing Commit 
tee or Committees of the Diocese or Dioceses wherein he has resided ; which 
Committee or Committees shall, in all cases, be duly convened : or in case he 
comes from a State or district not in connection with this Church, and having 
no Convention, by three Clergymen of this Church. Nor shall any Minister, 
so removing, be acknowledged by any Bishop or Convention, as a Minister of 



312 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 

the Church to which he removes, until he shall have produced the aforesaid 
testimonial. 

SEC. 2. Every Minister shall be amenable for any offences committed by him 
to the ecclesiastical authority of the Diocese in which he is canonically resi 
dent, at the time of the charge. 

The XXXIst Canon of 1808 is hereby repealed. 

CANON V. Of Assistant Bishops. 

When the Bishop of a Diocese is unable, by reason of old age, or other per 
manent can so of infirmity, to discharge his Episcopal duties, one Assistant 
Bishop may be elected by and for the said Diocese, who shall, in all cases, 
succeed the Bishop, in case of surviving him. The Assistant Bishop shall per 
form such Episcopal duties, and exercise such Episcopal authority in the Dio 
cese, a the Bishop shall assign to him ; and in case of the Bishop's inability 
to assign such duties, declared by the Convention of the Diocese, the Assist 
ant Bishop shall, during such inability, perform all the duties, and exercise all 
the authorities which appertain to the office of Bishop. No person shall be 
elected or consecrated a suffragan Bishop, nor shall there be more than one 
Assistant Bishop in a Diocese at the same time. 

CANON VI. ^Respecting Churches in which Divine Service 
is celebrated in a Foreign Language. 

When a clergyman, coming from a foreign country, and professing to be 
regularly ordained, shall be called to a Church of this communion in which 
divine service is celebrated in a fereign language, be may, with the approba 
tion, of the Bishop of the Diocese in which such Church is situated, acting 
with the advice and consent of the Standing Committee, or with the unanim 
ous approbation of the Standing Committee, if there be no Bishop, and on 
complying with the other requisitions of the canons, settle in the said Church 
as the Minister thereof, without having resided one year in the United States, 
any thing in the 36th canon of 1808 to the contrary notwithstanding. And 
when a person, not a citizen of the United States, who has been acknowledged 
as an ordained Minister of any other denomination of Christians, applies for 
orders in this Church, on the ground of a call to a Church in which divine 
service is celebrated in a foreign language, the Standing Committee of the 
Diocese to which the said Church belongs may, on sufficient evidence of fit 
ness according to the canons, and by an unanimous vote at a meeting duly 
convened, recommend him to the Bishop for orders, and the Bishop may then 
ordain him and he may be Fettled and instituted into the said Church, with 
out his producing a testimonial to his character by a clergyman, from his per 
sonal knowledge of him for one year, and without his having been a year res 
ident in this country, any thing in any other canon of this Church to the con 
trary notwithstanding. Provided, That in both of the above cases, the person 
applying produce a certificate, signed by at least four respectable members of 
this Church, that they have satisfactory reason to believe the testimonials to 
his religious, moral and literary qualifications to bo entitled to full credit. 

CANON VII. In addition to Canon XXXIII, of 1808. 

Where parish boundaries are not defined by law or, otherwise, each city, 
borough, village, town, or township, in which there is one Protestant Episco- 



1829.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 313 

pal Church or congregation, or more than one such Church or congregation, 
shall be held, for all the purposes of the 33d canon of 1808, to be the parish 
or parishes of the Protestant Episcopal clergyman or clergymen having charge 
of said Church or Churches, congregation or congregations. 

Done in General Convention, in the city of Philadelphia, August, 1829. 
By order of the House of Bishops. 

WILLIAM WHITE, D. D., PRESIDING BISHOP. 
Attested, BIRD WILSON, D. D., Secretary. 

By order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

WILLIAM E. WTATT, D. D., PRESIDENT. 
Attested, BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, D. D., Secretary. 



314 JOUBNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1829. 



APPENDIX. 



EEPOKT 

Of the Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. 

The Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States, in conformity with the second article of 
the Constitution, report as follows to the General Convention, that, 

As the last General Convention was held a few weeks after the regular time 
of commencing the session at the Seminary, in the year 1826; and as the 
same period of the current year has not yet arrived, we have now to record 
the accessions of but two years These have been, 

In the year commencing October, 1827, - - - 11 
Do. do. do. 1828, - '- - 9 

Total, 20 

The number of Students at the last Convention was 30 

Total then and since, 50 

The additions to the alumni of the Seminary, that is, those who have pros 
ecuted its full course, and received its full honors, have been, 

At the commencement in 1827, - 6 

Do. do. 1828, - 6 

Do. do. 1829, - - 8 

20 

Fifteen Students have left the Seminary from various causes ; but agreeably 
to a standing rale of the Faculty, have received no testimonials. As this re 
port is made during the interval between the leaving of the Seminary by one 
class and the entering of another, there are now of course but two classes of 
Students. Their numbers are as follows: 

First Class, - - -, 9 

Second Class, - - 6 

Total number of the Students now in the Seminary, 15 
A third Class will be added in October. The Trustees think it important 
to mention that the Students of this Seminary are all strictly Theological Stu 
dents, having completed their literary preparation before entering, and all, 
agreeably to the Statutes, regular members of some one class, and performing 
all its duties ; and that according to a resolution of the Faculty reported to the 
Trustees at their meeting in 1828, no one is allowed to attend the recitations 
or lectures, or admitted to any privilege of student, except he is a regular 
member of one of the classes. By the adoption of more accommodating 
measures, the number of students might be much increased ; but in the opin- 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 315 



ion of the Faculty its beneficial operation on the cause of religion and the 
Church would not be by any means so well secured. 

The Students are assembled for reading and criticising theological disserta 
tions, and engaging in such discussions as may arise out of them, once in every 
fortnight, during the greater part of the Seminary year. As frequently, also, 
they assemble with one of the Professors for devotional exercises, the reading 
of practical religious essays, and colloquially remarking on the subjects thus 
introduced. They assemble, also, in the chapel, daily, for morning and eve 
ning prayer. Divine service is regularly celebrated, and the communion stat 
edly administered, in the chapel, ou Sundays. The Faculty have also intro 
duced the custom of having annually, on the Sunday preceding matriculation, 
a sermon in the chapel especially devoted to the duties and obligations of the 
Students as such, and as candidates for the holy ministry. 

The Students have charge of a large and flourishing Sunday School taught 
in the chapel, and connected with the General Protestant Episcopal Sunday 
School Union. 

Since the establishment of the Seminary in 1817. one hundred and nine 
young gentlemen, including the present Students, have entered it.* The 
present number of alumni is 34, among whom the Faculty derive great satis 
faction in recognizing some of the most valuable and efficient clergymen of our 
Church. 

The disproportion between the alumni, that is, those who have completed the 
Seminary course and received its honors, and those who have, at various times, 
been connected with it, is to be accounted for in two ways : in the first place, 
it was several years after the commencement of the operations of the Semin 
ary before they were reduced to their present regular system, and Commence 
ments were held ; and, secondly, for want of a proper number of scholarships, 
and other means of aiding young men in their support while engaging in a 
course of study which leaves little time at their disposal, many have been 
obliged to leave the Seminary. This evil, it is hoped, will be removed by the 
liberality of the Church ; and encouragement is found in the fact, that the 
board at the Seminary, including washing, is less than two dollars per week. 

But one death has occurred among the Students since the removal of the 
Seminary to New Tork in 1822 ; and none since its location in the present 
building. 

The property of the Seminary, exclusive of its real estate, consists of 
200 Mechanics' Bank Shares, which cost - $ 5,350.00 

45 Phoenix Insurance Co. Shares, 2,250.00 

43 Union Insurance Co. Shares, - - 1,612.50 

Bonds and mortgages of sundry persons in the city of New Tork, 

amounting to 72,750.00 

Bonds and mortgages of several persons in the State of New Jer 
sey, received on account of the Bishop Croes Scholarship, 
which have been handed to the Treasurer of the Convention 
of that State for collection, 
Cash on hand this day, August 6, 1829, - 1,212.18 

Total, $83,787.07 

Deducting from the above sum the endowments of the 
"Warren Scholarship, ... - 2,000.00 

Bishop White do., ... 2,500.00 

Bishop Hobart do., * 2,500.00 

* A few who abandoned the study of divinity, after having entered the Seminary, art 
not here included. 



316 



APPENDIX. 



[1829. 



Amounts brought over, ... $7,000.00 $83,787.07 
Bishop Kemp Scholarship, .... 2,000.00 
Bishop Croes do. - - - - 2,000.00 
Bishop Claggett do. .... 198.50 
North Carolina Fund, - - - - 2,948.22 
Claremont Scholarship, - 48.00 
Salaries and other debts due the 1st inst., - 1,226.66 
The amount that will be required to complete the con 
tract for filling up water-lots, - - 5,500.00 

20.931.38 

There will remain the sum of $ 62,855.69 

The interest of which may be applied to the current expenses of the Sem 
inary. 

The ordinary expenses of the Seminary are, 

Salaries to Professors Turner, "Wilson and Moore, - $ 3,750.00 

Do. to the Librarian, . - - 100.00 

Allowance for a Janitor, - 15000 

Interest on four Scholarships founded by the Society for promoting 

Religion and Learning in the Diocese of New York, 400.00 

Incidental expenses, - - 600.00 

Making together, $ 5,000.00 

From this deducting the interest on the above mentioned balance 

of $ 62,855, which, at 6 per cent per annum, is - 3,771.30 

There will remain a yearly deficiency of income amounting to $ 1,228.70 
According to the report made to General Convention in 1826, there have 

been contributed in the Diocese of 

South Carolina, $ 9,614 Pennsylvania, 3,061 

To which add am't. rec'd since 3d Nov., 1826, 2,822 

since 3d Nov., 1826, 1,613 5,883 

$11,227 Massachusetts, 1,715 

North Carolina, 4,078 since 3d Nov., 1826, 51 
since 3d Nov., 1826, 100 1,766 

4,178 Georgia, ... 50 

Maryland, 4,968 New York, 120,058 

since 3d Nov., 1826, 568 since 3d Nov., '26, 2,644 

5,536 Bishop Hobart Schol- 

Tirginia, 625 arship, 2,500 

since 3d Nov., 1826, 7 125,272 

632 New Jersey - - 2,035 

$ 156,509 

The cost of the Seminary Buildings and furniture, together with the ex 
pense of leveling the adjoining ground, amounts to the sum of $ 33,520. 

The Library has received many valuable additions since the last meeting 
of the General Convention ; the present number of volumes contained in it ia 
3481, viz., 750 folios, 600 quartos, 2,131 octavos and under. The Seminary 
Building is now entirely completed. It is erected in Greenwich, upon land 
given to the Institution by Clement C. Moore, Esq. ; and is 104 feet in length 
and 52 feet in depth. It is provided with accommodations for two Professors, 
and for boarding and lodging forty students, and also with a library, which, for 
want of a chapel, is also used for that purpose. The whole cost of this build 
ing has exceeded the estimate made in the last report to the amount of $3,520. 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 317 



The deficiency of the building fund, and the consequent necessity of taking 
so large an amount from the general fund of the^ Seminary, causes it to be 
deeply regretted that the resolution passed by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, and concurred in by the House of Bishops, at the last General Con 
vention, (recommending to the friends of the Protestant Episcopal Church to 
to assist in raising the sum of $ 20,000 for the building fund of the General 
Theological Seminary) has received such limited attention. As far as the 
Trustees are informed, the only Dioceses which have made exertions in com 
pliance with the recommendation contained in this resolution, are those of New 
York and South Carolina. These Dioceses have both collected and paid into 
the treasury a considerable amount of their proportionate part of the above re 
quired eum. 

The state of the finances, as exhibited in the present report, might have ex 
cited in the minds of the General Convention some degree of anxiety, but for 
the seasonable and munificent bequest of the late Frederick Kohne, Esq., of 
Pennsylvania. On account of the favorable change in the prospects of the 
Seminary produced by this legacy, the Trustees beg leave to offer their con 
gratulations to the General Convention, and to acknowledge with gratitude a 
kind Providence promoting the welfare of the Institution. In reference to 
this bequest, at their recent meeting, the following resolutions were pass 
ed, viz. : 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, seconded by the Right Rev. 
Bishop Brownell. Resolved, That this Board have heard, with grateful emo 
tions to the good Providence of God. the information communicated by the 
Trustees of the Board present from Pennsylvania, of the legacy of $ 100.000 
to this Seminary, by the late Frederick Kohue, Esq., of Philadelphia, and do 
hereby testify their veneration and gratitude for the memory of their munifi 
cent benefactor. 

Resolved further, That the Standing Committee be authorized to take 
measures for erecting a monument to the memory of Mr. Kohne, in the chapel 
of the Seminary. 

Resolved, That the Trustees of this Board resident in the city of Phila 
delphia, be a committee to convey to Mrs. Kohne the grateful sentiments of 
this Board for the munificent benefaction of her deceased husband, and of 
their great respect for her own character, and sensibility to the interest which 
she has manifested in his large and benevolent legacies. 

The following preamble and resolution were also adopted: 

"Whereas, the available funds of the Seminary are insufficient to meet its 
annual expenditure, and will be so until the munificent bequest of Mr. Kohne 
and other contingent funds become available ; and it is improper and inexpe 
dient to encroach upon the vested permanent fund, or to anticipate the be 
quest above referred to, or any other contingent or expected funds ; There 
fore, Resolved, That it be recommended to the parochial clergy of the Church 
to have collections made in their respective churches, on some Sunday before 
the first of June, 1830, for the purpose of supplying the said deficiency. 

To this last resolution the Trustees would respectfully draw the particular 
attention of the General Convention, in order that in their wisdom they may 
adopt such measures as will more effectually secure the accomplishment of the 
object proposed by it. 

All of which is respectfully submitted to the General Convention by the 
Board ot Trustees. 

JONATHAN M. WAINWRIGHT, SECBKTAET. 

NEW YORK, August 6, 1829. 



318 APPENDIX. [1829. 



TRIENNIAL REPORT 

Of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States ; be 
ing the report of the Directors to the Society, and adopt 
ed by the latter, as its report to the Convention. 

The Board of Directors of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in present 
ing their Third Triennial Report to the Society, have cause to express thank 
fulness to God, that some portion of that cloud which rested on the Society's 
path, at the last meeting, has been dispersed, and that the Great Head of the 
Church has been pleased to smile, in some measure, upon their exertions for 
the spread of His kingdom. Their path, however, is still beset with difficult 
ies, and many obstacles are yet to be removed, which restrain its usefulness, 
and fetter the efforts of its friends. They trust to the wisdom of the society, 
and the Convention of the Church, that every thing will now be done which 
may give to this institution its proper standing, increased means of usefulness, 
and cordial and general support. 

I. AUXILIARY SOCIETIES AND PATRONAGE. 

The number of Auxiliary Societies has ever been small, and amounts, at 
present, to about twenty: of the?e seven have been added since the last Tri 
ennial Report A few only have been regular in their remittances. Some of 
them, however, have been very efficient assistants to the Board in furnishing 
funds, as will be seen by a reference to the lists of donations in the reports 
and quarterly papers. Upon such sources as these the Board are enabled to 
rely, and their contributions have therefore been doubly gratifying to the 
Board. 

The patrons of the Society, entitled to seats at the Board, are eighty-three 
in number. There are forty-four members for life. The whole number of 
annual subscribers, entitled as such to meet and vote with the Society, is 
thirty-six. 

The Board would, under this bead, express their gratitude to God for hav 
ing put it into the heart of the late Mr. Frederick Kobne of Philadelphia, to 
bequeath to the Society, by his last will, in addition to many very liberal be 
quests to other religious and benevolent institutions, the sum of TEX THOUSAND 
DOLLARS, to be expended upon Domestic Missions, but not to be paid until the 
death of his widow. The Board trust that this muuificent example will not 
be lost upon the wealthy members of our communion. 

H. AGENCIES. 

The Board deeming the appointment of a General Agent of great importance 
to the society, at their meeting in 1828, authorized the Executive Committee, 
as soon as in their opinion the funds of the Society should allow of it, to ap 
point a permanent General Agent, with a suitable salary, and in the mean time 
to make such other arrangements, as might seem to them most expedient for 
answering, as far as may be, the objects proposed by the appointment of a per 
manent General Agent The Secretary was accordingly requested to discharge 
the duties of this office, as far as was convenient to him, which he continued 



1829.] APPENDIX. 319 

to do, until the last meeting of the Board, when the necessity of such an officer 
appeared so obvious, that the Board directed the continuance of the office until 
the present meeting of the Society, and in addition to his salary as Secretary, 
directed that he be allowed, for the intervening term, a compensation which is 
at the rate of $1,200 per annum. As was expected by the terms of the ap 
pointment, the Secretary and General Agent has devoted himself entirely to 
the business of the Society, with unwearied zeal, and with great ability. As 
the measure was an experiment in which the future prospects of the Society 
were believed to be deeply involved, the Board deem it to be their duty to 
lay before the society and the Convention, the effects which have resulted from 
it. During the last six months the exertions of the Secretary and General 
Asjeit, have added to the funds between eight and nine hundred dollars. The 
expenses of the agency have been three hundred and seventy dollars for the 
last three months. 

"Whether the Society will consider the fruits of this experiment such as to 
warrant the prosecution, or will be able to devise other measures for increasing 
their funds, is now submitted to them by the Board of Directors, with great 
concern, but with entire confidence in their wisdom. 

III. MISSIONARY STATIONS. 

At the last meeting of the Society, the only stations to which Missionaries 
had been appointed, were 

St. Louis, in Missouri ; Detroit, in Michigan ; and Green Bay, in the same 
territory. 

1. At ST. Loms. the Rev. Mr. Horrel was at that time in the employ of the 
Society, and was allowed a salary of $300 per annum. He continued to re 
ceive the same salary till October last, when it was reduc3d to $200 and on 
the first of July last was discontinued. A church has been erected in that 
place and a respectable congregation gathered and organized. The Board 
have reason to believe that Air. Horrel's ministrations have been very accepta 
ble to the people of that place, and that having received liberal aid from this 
Society for five years, the Church may be considered as permanently establish 
ed. It has therefore ceased to be considered by them as a missionary station. 

2. At DETROIT, the Rev. Richard F. Cadle, who at the last meet'n? of the So 
ciety was the missionary for that station, at a salary of $250 a year, continued 
to minister judiciously, zealously, and efficiently until the month of Juno last. 
A handsome church has been erected, and a congregation permanently estab 
lished, although not yet sufficiently extensive to be released from connection 
with, nnd dependence upon, this Society Mr. Cadle has relinquished this sta 
tion to enter upon a more enlarged field of usefulness to the Church, and will 
remain in connection with the Society. It is desirable that a well qualified 
missionary should be appointed to succeed Mr. 0. at Detroit. 

3. GREEK BAT. The Rev. Norman Nash was appointed for this station prior 
to the last meeting of the Society, at a salary of $400 a year, and his subs's- 
tenco. At that time, however, he was in this city, and did not subsequently 
proceed to the station. At the meeting of the Board in Mny, 1827, it was 
found necessary, in consequence of the unfavorable prospect of affairs in rela 
tion to this mission, to suspend it. And although measures were soon after 
put in train for resuming this mission, yet they have not resulted favourably 
until recently. Within the last few months an arrangement has been effected 
with the government of the United States, by which the society is allowed the 
occupancy of a tract of land for a farm, and location of a missionary establish 
ment, and also the sum of $1000 a year for three years, and $1500 a year 
thereafter, during the pleasure of the government, being the amount required 



320 APPENDIX. [1829. 

to be appropriated for the education of the Indians in the vicinity of Green 
Bay by a treaty made with them, by the general government. As the Board 
could not have conducted a mission so peculiarly expensive as this, without 
assistance other than its ordinary resources, so it appeared to be required of 
them, when aid to such an extent was within their reach, to proceed immedi 
ately and earnestly in the measures necessary to such an undertaking : accord 
ingly the Rev. Richard F. Cadle has been appointed missionary for that sta 
tion, and superintendent cf the education establishment upon the same terms 
as Mr. Nash. He is now on his way, in company with his sister, Miss Sarah 
B. Cadle. who has been appointed female teacher, to his station, where he 
will be jo'ned by Mr. Albert G Ellis and his wife, who are to take charge re 
spectively of the farming and household departments. A teacher for the male 
department will be shortly provided. It is expected that the mission will be 
in operation as soon as the necessary buildings can be erected. 

To the above stations, there have been added the following, viz. 

Knoxville and Nashville, in Tennessee , Tallahasse, Pensacola, and St. Au 
gustine, in Florida ; Tuscaloosa, in Alabama ; the Oneida settlement at the 
Little Cacalaw, on the Fox river of Green Bay ; Ann Arbor, "Washtenaw 
county, Michigan ; and Greece. 

4. KXOXVTLLE. The Rev. John Davis was appointed a missionary in No 
vember. 1826 on a salary of $200, and directed to visit Tennessee, where the 
Board believed that many promising fields were open to missionaries of our 
Church, and to locate himself in any situation in that State which might ac 
cord with liis own views of usefulness and the prosperity of the Church. He 
was firt led to locale himself at Knoxvil'.e. where he organized a congregation, 
and ministered for about a year and a half, when he removed to Columbia, in 
the same State, and thence, after a short period, to 

5. NASHVILLE, where he is now officiating. 

6. TALLAHASSEE, in Florida. In the spring of 1827, the Rev. Ralph "Willis- 
ton was appointed a missionary agent to visit some of the southern States to 
collect funds for the Society, aud to proceed to Tallahassee, to ascertain the 
prospects of the Church there, and to exercise his ministry. He reached Pen 
sacola, via New Orleans, and being advised against goin thence to Talla 
hassee at that season, he unexpectedly returned to Philadelphia in July of the 
same year. In the autumn, he again proceeded south, and reached Tallahassee 
in December, where he remained until the spring, when he finally abandoned 
the mission, and returned to the north. In the autumn of last year, the Rev. 
Horatio N. Gray was appointed to this mission, from which however, he has 
expressed his wish to retire, because of not having sufficient health and 
strength for the necessary labor in the coming autumn. These changes the 
Board feel to be deeply injurious to the cause of the gospel at that station, and 
they hope that a successor to Mr. Gray, the loss of whose services to the Soci 
ety, the Board deeply regret, may be provided, able, as well as willing to 
spend and b<* spent in this labor of love. There are two congregations attach 
ed to this mission. 

7. PEXSACOLA, in Florida. The Rev. Mr. "Williston, when in the employ of 
this Society, passed four or five weeks at Pensacola, and organized a congre 
gation, which earnestly pressed for the services of a missionary. The Rev. 
Addison Searle was appointed in July 1828, to this station. He did not arrive 
at it, however, till the beginning of the present year, and before the termina 
tion of the first quarter, announced the necessity of his retiring, the Vestry at 
the same time earnestly requesting that another clergyman might immediately 
succeed him. The Rev. Benjamin Hutchins was accordingly appointed in May 
last. He immediately proceeded to Pensacola, where he arrived a few weeks 
since. He ia allowed a salary of $250. 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. * 321 



8. ST. AUGUSTINE, in Florida. The Rev. Raymond A, Henderson was ap- 
pointed to this station in December last, and, after spending the winter there, 
and finding the prospects of usefulness very favourable, he has returned to the 
north, to endeavor to obtain assistance in the erection of churches at that and 
the other Florida stations. A church is about to be erected, and Mr. H. will 
be allovred a salary of $400 during the periol of building. 

9. TUSCALOOSA, in Alabama. The Rev. William H. Judd was appointed to 
this station in December last, upon a salary of $250. A respectable congrega 
tion has been organized, and the building a church commenced. 

10. ONEIDA MISSION, on the Fox river of Green Bay. The Rev. Eleazar 
Williams was appointed to this mission in August 1828, upon a salary $250. 
He is considered as missionary to the Oneida Indians who have removed from 
the State of New York, and settled on the Fox river, and is required to keep 
a school for the instruction of their children. 

11. GRKECE. The Rev. John J. Robertson was appointed in October last, 
a missionary agent to visit this interesting country, to ascertain its religious 
condition, its disposistion to receive Protestant Episcopal missionaries, and 
disseminate religious publications. He will return to this country in the en- 
sum? autumn, in the expectation of taking his family to Greece, and becom 
ing a resident missionary. He is allowed a salary of $500, and his expenses 
for travel and subsistence. 

1 2. ANN ARBOR, in Michigan. The Board have agreed to appoint a mis 
sionary for this station, so soon as the person who has been selected by the 
members of our Church there shall obtain ordination 

13. 14. LIBERIA AND BUENOS AYRER At the last General Convention, a 
resolution was passed requiring the Board to appoint missionaries to these sta 
tions as soon as practicable. The Board took the best measures in their 
power for the performance of the duty thus imposed on them. In regard to 
LIBERIA, after many inquiries, they succeeded in engaging the services of Mr. 
Jacob Oson, a coloured man, then resident in Connecticut, by the Bishop of 
which Diocese .he was shortly after ordained, and the necessary arrangements 
were made for his departure ; but before this could take place, he was, in ful 
filment of the unsearchable designs of Providence, removed from the world. 
All endeavors to obtain a successor have hiiherto been unavailing : but the 
Board look to the missionary school at Hartford, as a source from which, at no 
distant period, they may obtain labourers fully instructed for their work, and 
ready and willing to devote themselves to it. In regard to BTJENOS ATRES, 
they had, after similar difficulties, made an arrangement, by which the servi 
ces of tlie Rev. Lot Jones, were to be devoted to the missionary work, but it 
was soon ascertained that the blockade of that port, and the greatly increased 
expenses of the residence in that city, with other circumstances, made it inex 
pedient that Mr. Jones should depart immediately ; and when more favorable 
circumstances induced the Board to resolve upon the effort, Mr. Jones had 
made other arrangements, and the object was necessarily again laid aside. 

The Reports of the Missionaries up to the annual meeting of the Board in 
May last have been published in the annual Reports of the Executive Com 
mittee of the Board, to which they respectfully refer the Society. 

IY. PUBLICATIONS AND BOOKS. 

At a special meeting of the Board, held in October 1827, they directed their 
executive Committee, at every annual meeting of the Board, to report a full 
and accurate view of their proceedings, with the amount of nil receipts and 
expenditures, the amount of funds in hand, the doings of the Missionaries, and 
all other agents of the Board, Ac. and immediately to publish the same for 



322 APPENDIX. [1829. 

the information of the members of the Church. Two of these reports, includ 
ing the proceedings of the Board for 1827 and 1828, have been published, 
and also a report of the proceedings of the Board at the second Triennial Meet 
ing of the Society, and at the Special meeting above mentioned. 

The Committee were also at the same time instructed to commence the pub 
lication of a small quarterly paper of articles of intelligence in relation to mis 
sions, calculated to interest the members of the Church in this great caus9 of 
Christian benevolence, for gratuitous distribution among the members of the 
Church. Five numbers have been published accordingly, and extensively 
circulated. 

At the same time also the Board instructed the Committee to reqnest some 
clergymen to preach before the Board at its annual meetings, and sermons 
have accordingly been preached by the Rev. Dr. Wainwrigbt, of New York, 
and the Rev. Alonzo Potter, of Boston, and in pursuance of votes of the Board, 
have been published, and generally distributed. 

The Board believe that these publications have materi illy strengthened the 
cause of missions among the members of our Church, and that they have been 
instrumental in increasing the disposition to furnish aid to the missions of this 
society. 

lu addition to these publications, the Board gratefully record in this place, 
that the manngers of the " American Bible Society," in the last autumn, made 
to the society the liberal appropriation of Fifty English Bibles, and a draft on 
the British and Foreign Bible Society, for Holy Scriptures to the amount of 
$500, for distribution by our missionary in Greece ; and that the Managers of 
the " American Tract Society" at New York, at the same time, and in the 
same liberal manner, made an appropriation of 2300 of that Society's Tracts, 
and the sum of $150 for purchasing tracts of that society which have been 
translated into mode n Greek at Malta, to be distributed in the same way. 
The New York Auxiliary Bible and Common Prayer Book Society, about the 
same time, made to the society the generous donation of 50 Common Prayei 
Books for each of the society's missions at Tallahaseee and Pensacola, and to 
this have added, in the last month, with a liberality demanding the highest 
praise from this Board, a further donation of 500 Common Prayer Books for 
the society's missions, to be drawn for as wanted. The Female Episcopal 
Tract Society of Philadelphia, have repeatedly made valuable donations of 
Tracts, both to tin Board and to its individual missionaries. 

The sum of Eighty Dollars was appropriated by the Board to Mr. Robertson, 
on his departure for Greece, to enable him to purchase suitable translations of 
the Prayer Book and Homilies, for distribution in Greece. 

The Board, however, still need large supplies of religious works for distribu 
tion. A missionary should never be sent to any station without a liberal sup 
ply of Bibles, Prayer Books, and Tracts, for distribution, and of Sunday School 
Books, to be put immediately into the hands of the children at his station. It 
is only by the immediate organization of congregations, and putting in'o oper 
ation all those plans by which a local and powerful interest is excited, that the 
missionary can hope, if he should in Providence be removed from his station, 
any traces of his labours to remain. Bibles. Prayer Books. Tracts and Sunday 
School Books are not only auxiliaries to the missionary work beyond all estima 
tion but they are instructors themselves, and like good seed sown in well cul 
tivated ground, will spring up and bear fruit an hundred fold, even when the 
band of him who has scattered them, has ceased from its labours. The Board 
would hope and trust, then, that liberal means may be devised to this end. 



1829.] APPENDIX. 323 

Y. FUNDS. 

The Treasurer's Report will give a view of the state of the funds, in which 
there is now an alarming deficit. The uncertainty which, by the present 
modes of collection, must rest upon this branch of the Society's means, it is 
feared will ever form a clog upon any liberal or extensive operations. The 
Board .ire unable to calculate at any time upon funds for missions until they 
are actually received into the Treasury. This is occasioned by their being 
obliged to rely upon voluntary, irregular, and often intermitted congregation 
al collections and casual donations. A regular system of auxiliary societies 
would at least furnish them probable ground upon which to build, and the 
deficiencies might then readily be covered, on an emergency, by the applica 
tion of an ngent to wealthy congregations for collections, or by a public ap 
peal. 

It becomes difficult, therefore, to make such engagements with missionaries 
at a distance as will ennble them to receive, regularly, when due, their sala 
ries ; and yet, unless this can be done, a principal inducement to enter the 
s;rvice of the Society must be removed. At this period of the year, pressure 
and embarrassment have been annually felt, as the quarterly receipts have 
been much below the quarterly expenditure. It is hoped, therefore, that the 
Society and the Convention will assist the Board in devising and putting in 
operation some more efficient plan, by which they may be enabled to make such 
estimates of their expected income as may authorize them to contract with 
missionaries in the reasonable expectation of being, at all times, ready to 
meet their demands, and free them from embarrassments which have repeat 
edly made advances from other sources necessary to save the drafts of the 
missionaries from dishonour. The Treasurer is now liable to be called on, at 
any moment, to meet engagements amounting to upwards of $ 800 demands 
for some of which will no doubt be made before he will be in funds to answer 
them ; besides which, the Society is in arrear to the permanent fund 
$316.64. 

A tax upon the funds of no small annual amount is furnished by the publi 
cation of the reports, sermons preached before the Board, and the quarterly 
papers. These publications the Board believe 'to have been productive of con 
siderable advantage to the Society, and the great cause of Christian missions; 
so much so, that the Board would be at a loss in what manner to supply 
the want of them. As, however, they have hitherto been circulated gratuit 
ously, there is no direct return to the Society of the amount of their coat. 

In conclusion, the board would express their conviction, that the interests 
of the Society have been, for some time past, after a long season of doubt 
and disquietude, gradually, but slowly advancing. They see the spirit of 
missions unfolding itself in the Church, and they cordially pray that her 
councils may be inspired with such wisdom, and her members with such zeal 
and liberality, that she may be as conspicuous for her labors in this noble 
cause, as she is for the purity and soundness of her doctrines and institu 
tions. 

GKORGE WELLER, SECRETARY. 

PHILADELPHIA, August 12, 1829. 



324 APPENDIX. [1829. 

THE CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

PKOTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHUEOH 

IN THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



ARTICLE I. 

THERE shall be a General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the United States of America, at such time in every third year, and in 
such place as shall be determined by the Convention : and in case there shall 
be an epidemic disease, or any other good cause to render it necessary to al 
ter the place fixed on for any such meeting of the Convention, the Presiding 
Bishop shall have it in his power to appoint ano:her convenient place (as 
near as may be to the place so fixed on) for the holding of such Convention ; 
and special meetings may be called at other times, in the manner hereafter 
to be provided for ; and this Church, in a majority of the States which shall have 
adopted this Constitution, shall he represented, before they shall proceed to 
business; except that the representation from two States shall be sufficient 
to adjourn; and in all business of the Convention, freedom of debate shall 
be allowed. 

ARTICLE n. 

The Church in each State shall be entitled to a representation of both the 
Clergy and the Laity, which representation shall consist of one or more Depu 
ties not exceeding four of each order, chosen by the Convention of the State ; 
and iu all questions, when required by the clerical and lay representation 
from arty State, each order shall have one vote ; and the majority of suffrages 
by States shall be conclusive iu each order, provided such majority compre 
hend a majority of the States represented in that order : the concurrence of 
both orders shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the Convention. If the 
Convention of any State should neglect or decline to appoint clerical deputies, 
or if they should neglect or decline to appoint lay deputies, or if any of those 
of either order appointed should neglect to attend, or be prevented by sick 
ness or any other accident, such State shall nevertheless be considered aa du 
ly represented by such deputy or deputies as may attend, whether lay or 
clerical. And if, through the neglect of the Convention of any of the Church 
es which shall have adopted, or may hereafter adopt, this Constitution, no 
deputies, either lay or clerical, should attend at any General Convention, tho 
Church in sucli State shall, nevertheless , be bound by the acts of such Con 
vention. 

ARTICLE in. 

The Bishops of this Church, when there shall be three or more, shall, when 
ever General Conventions are held, form a separate House, with a right to 
originate and propose acts for the concurrence of the House of Deputies, com 
posed of clergy and laity ; and when any prop osed act shall have passed the 
House of Deputies, the same shall be transmitted to the House of Bishops, 
who shall have a negative thereupon ; and all acts of the Convention shall 
be authenticated by both Houses. And in all cases the House of Bishops 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 325 



shall signify to the Convention their approbation or disapprobation (the latter 
with their reasons in writing) within three days after the proposed act shall 
have been reported to them for concurrence ; and in failure thereof, it shall 
have the operation of a law. But until there shall be three or more Bishops, 
as aforesaid, any Bishop attending a General Convention shall be a member, 
ex officio, and shall vote with the clerical deputies of the State to which he 
belongs; and a Bishop shall then preside. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The Bishop or Bishops in every State shall be chosen agreeably to such 
rules as shall he fixed by the Convention of that State; and every Bishop of 
this Church shall confine the exercise of his Episcopal office to his proper Di 
ocese or district, unless requested to ordain, or confirm, or perform any other 
act of the Episcopal office, by any Church destitute of a Bishop. 

ARTICLE V. 

A Protestant Episcopal Church in any of the United States, not now rep 
resented, may, at any time hereafter, be admitted, on acceding to this Consti 
tution. 

ARTICLE VI. 

In every State the mode of trying Clergymen shall be instituted by the 
Convention of the Church therein. At every trial of a Bishop, there shall 
be one or more of the Episcopal order present ; and none but a Bishop shall 
pronounce sentence of deposition or degradation from the ministry on any 
clergyman, whether Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon. 

ARTICLE VII. 

No person shall be admitted to holy orders, until he shall have been exam 
ined by the Bishop, and by two Presbyters, and shall have exhibited sucli 
testimonials and other requisites as the canons, in that case provided, may 
direct. Nor shall any person be ordained, until he shall have subscribed the 
following declaration : "I do believe the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testament to be the word of God, and to contain all things necessary to sil- 
vation ; and I do solemnly engage to conform to the doctrines aad worship 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in these United States." No persons or 
dained by a foreign Bishop shall be permitted to officiate as a minister of 
this Church, until he shall have complied with the canon or canons in that 
case provided, and have also subscribed the aforesaid declaration. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

A Book of Common Prayer, Administration of the Sacraments, and other 
Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, Articles of Religion, and a Form and 
Manner of Making, Ordaining and Consecrating Bishops, Priests and Deacons, 
when established by this or a future General Convention, shall be used in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in those States which shall have adopted this 
Constitution. No alteration or addition shall be made in the Book of Com 
mon Prayer, or other offices of the Church, or the Articles of Religion, unless 
the same shall be proposed in one General Convention, and by a resolve 
thereof made known to the Convention of every Diocese or State, and adopt 
ed at the subsequent General Convention. 



326 APPENDIX. [1829- 



ARTICLE IX. 

This Constitution shall be unalterable, unless in General Convention, by 
the Church, in a majority of the States which may have adopted the same ; 
and all alterations shall be first proposed in one General Convention, and 
made known to the several State Conventions, before they shall be finally 
agreed to or ratified in the ensuing General Convention. 
Done in the General Convention of the Bishops, Clergy and Laity of the 
Church, the 2nd day of October, 1789. 



NOTE. "When the Constitution was originally adopted in August, 1789, the 
first Article provided that the Triennial Convention should be held on the 
first Tuesday in August. At the adjourned meeting of the Convention, held 
i:i October of the same year, it was provided that the Second Tuesday in Sep 
tember', in every third year, should be the time of meeting The time was 
a?ain changed to the Third Tvesday in May, by the General Convention of 
1804. 

The first Article was put into its present form at the General Convention 
of 1823 

The third Article was so altered by the General Convention of 1808. as to 
give the House of Bishops a full veto upon the proceedings of the other House. 

The second sentence of the eighth Article was adopted at the General 
Convention of 1811. 

The words "or the Articles of Religion," were added to the eighth Ar 
ticle by the General Convention of 1829. 



Letter of Consecration of the Right Rev. Henry Ustick 
Onderdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop of Pennsylvania. 

Know all men by these presents, that we. "William "White, D. D., Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, Presiding Bishop ; 
John Henry Hobart, D. D , Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of New York ; James Kemp, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Maryland : John Croes. D. D , Bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the State of New Jersey; and Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of South Carolina, under 
the protection of Almighty God, in Christ Church, in the city of Philadelphia, 
on Thursday the twenty-fifth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thous 
and eight hundred and twenty-seven, did then, and there, rightly and canoni- 
cally, consecrate our beloved in Christ, HEXRY USTICK ONDERDOXK, D. D., rec 
tor of St. Ann's Church. Brooklyn, New York, of whose sufficiency in good 
learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of manners, we were fully ascer- 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 327 



tained, into the office of Bishop to which he hath been elected by the Con 
vention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, to 
assist the Bishop of the Church in the said State, in the duties of the Episco 
pal Office, and to succeed him in case of survivorship. 

Given in the city of Philadelphia, this twenty-fifth day of October, in the 
year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven. 

(Signed) WILLIAM WHITE, (L. s.) 

JOHN HENRY HORART, (L. s.) 
JAMES KEMP, (L. s.) 

JOHN CROES, (L. S.) 

NATHANIEL BOWEN, (L. s.) 

Letter of Consecration of the Right Rev. William Meade, 
D. D., Assistant Bishop of Virginia. 

Know all men by these Presents, that we, "William White, D. D., Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, Presiding Bish 
op ; John Henry Hobart, D. D.. Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the State of New York ; Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the Eastern Diocese ; Richard Channing Moore, 
D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in tho State of Virginia ; 
John Creep, D. D , Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of 
New Jersey ; Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D. Bishop of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the State of Connecticut : and Henry Ustick Onder- 
dnnk, D. D., Assistant Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State 
of Pennsylvania, under the protection of Almighty God, in St. James' Church, 
in the City of Philadelphia, on Wednesday, the nineteenth day of August, in 
the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine ; did then 
and there rightly and canonically consecrate our beloved in Christ, WILLIAM 
MEADE, D. D., Rector of Frederick Parish, Frederick county, Virginia, of 
whose sufficiency in good learning, soundness in the faith, and purity of man 
ners, we were fully ascertained, into the office of Bishop, to which he hath 
been elected by the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the 
State of Virginia, to assist the Bishop of the Church in the said State, in the 
duties of the Episcopal office, and to succeed him in case of survivorship. 
Given in the city of Philadelphia, this nineteenth day of August, in the year 
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine. 

(Signed,) WILLIAM WHITE, (^ 8.) 

JOHN HENRY UOBART, (L. a) 

ALEXANDER V. GRISWOLD, (L. 8.) 
RICHARD CHANNING MOORE, (u 8.) 
JOHN CROES, (I- 8.) 

THOMAS C. BROWNELL, (L. S.) 

HENRY U. ONDERDONK, (i* s.) 



Eist of 




PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

In the United States of America. 



EASTERN DIOCESE. 

Composed of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Ver 
mont, and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Bishop. 

MAINE. 

The Rev. Norris M. Jones, Saco. 

The Rev. Gideon W. Olney, Portland. 

The Rev. Isaac Peck, Deacon, officiating at Gardiner. 

The Rev. Petrus S. Ten Broeck, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Portland. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rector of St. John's Church, Portsmouth. 
The Rev. Edward Ballard, Deacon, officiating at Charlestown and Drews- 

ville. 

The Rev. Moses B. Chase, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Hopkinton. 
The Rev. Orange Clark, Deacon, residing in Portsmouth. 
The Rev. Robert Fowle, Rector of Trinity Church, Holderness. 
The Rev. Benjamin Hale, Deacon, Professor of Chemistry and Natural 

Philosophy, Dartmouth College, Hanover. 

The Rev. James B. Howe, Rector of Union and Churches, Claremont. 

The Rev. George Leonard, Rector of Trinity Church, Cornish. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. Alfred L. Baury, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Newton. 

The Rev. Silas Blaisdel, Preceptor of the Saiem Street Academy, Boston. 

The Rev. John L. Blake, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Boston. 

The Rev. James Bowers, residing in Framinghara. 

The Rev. Isaac Boyle, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Dedham. 

The Rev. Thomas W. Coit, Minister of Christ Church, Cambridge. 

The Rev. William Croswell, Rector of Christ Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Benjamin C. Cutler, Rector of Christ Church, Quincy. 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 329 



The Rev. George W. Poane, Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Asa Eaton, D. D., Domestic Missionary, Boston. 

The Rev. Theodore Edson, Rector of St. Ann's Church, Lowell. 

The Rev. James Everett, Chaplain in the United States Navy. 

The Rev John P. Fenner, Chaplain United States Navy, Charlestown. 

The Rev. John S. J. Gardiner, D. D., Rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 

The Rev. Sturges Gilbert, Rector of St. James's Church, Great-Barrington. 

The Rev. Daniel L. B. Goodwin. Rector of St. John's Church, Sutton. 

The Rev. George F. Haskins, Deacon, Chaplain to the Almshouse, Boston. 

The Rev. Galen Hicks, residing in Taunton. 

The Rev. William Horton. 

The Rev. Aaron Humphrey, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Lanesborough, 

and of Church, Blandford. 

The Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D. D. 1 

The Rev. Lot Jones, Rector of Christ Church, Leicester. 

The Rev. James Morss, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Newburyport. 

The Rev. Joseph Muenscher, Rector of St, John's, Church, Northampton. 

The Rev. Benjamin C. C. Parker, Missionary at Lenox, Berkshire county, 

and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Alonzo Potter, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Boston. 
The Rev. Joseph H. Price, Deacon, Minister of St. Peter's Church, Salem. 
The Rev. Titus Strong, Rector of St. James's Church, Greenfield. 
The Rev. James H. Tyng, Deacon, residing at Bristol, Rhode Island. 
The Rev. E. M. P. Wells, Chaplain and Superintendent of the House of 

Reformation, South Boston. 
The Rev. John West, Rector of St. Thomas's Church, Taunton, and Trinity 

Church, Bridgewater. 

The Rev. William Withington, residing in Dorchester. 
The Rev. Calvin Wolcott, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, and 

of Trinity Church, Marshfield. 

VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, Rector of Zion Church, Manchester. 
The Rev. Carlton Chase, Rector of Immanuel Church, Bellows' Falls. 
The Rev. Joel Clap, Rector of Christ Church, Bethel, and St. James's, 

Woodstock. 
The Rev. Anson G. Hard, Deacon, Minister of Trinity Church, Fairfield, 

and Grace Church, Sheldon. 

The Rev. Lewis M'Donald. Rector of Trinity Church, Shelburne. 
The Rev. Sylvester Nash, Rector of Union Church, St. Albans. 
The Rev. William Horton, Deacon, officiating in St. Paul's, Windsor. 
The Rev. James M. Tappan, Deacon, Minister of Bethel Church, Arlington. 
The Rev. Samuel B. Shaw, Rector of Christ Church, Guilford. 

EHODE ISLAND. v 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., Rector of St. Michael's 
Church, Bristol. 

The Rev. Charles Henry Alden, residing near Providence. 

The Rev. Lemuel Burge, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Kingston. 

The Rev. Nathan Bourne Crocker, D. D., Rector of St. John's Church, Prov 
idence. 

The Rev. Clement F. Jones. 



330 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev. George Taft, Rector of St. Paul's Church, North Providence. 
The Rev. Salmon Wheaton. Rector of Trinity Church, Newport. 

DIOCESE OF CONNECTICUT. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D., Bishop, and Pres 
ident of Washington College, Hartford. 
The Rev. George B. Andrews, Rector of St. John's Church, Kent, and St. 

Paul's Church, Sharon, residing at Armenia, Dutchess county, N. Y. 
The Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Wallingford. 
The Rev. David Baldwin, Rector of Christ Church, Guilford, and St. John's 

Church, North Guilford. 
The Rev. William Barlow, Agent and Corresponding Secretary of the 

Church Scholarship Society, Hartford. 

The Rev. Stephen Beach, Rector of St. John's Church, Salisbury. 
The Rev. David Belden, residing at Wilton. 
The Rev. Benjamin Benham, residing in Brookfield. 
The Rev. Solomon Blakesley. 

The Rev. Nathaniel B. Burgess, residing at Preston. 
The Rev. Daniel Burhans, Rector of Trinity Church, Newtown. 
The Rev. Peter G. Clark, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, East Haddam, and 

Union Church, North Killingworth. 
The Rev. Joseph T. Clark, officiating in Christ Church, Woodbridge. and at 

Amity. 

The Rev. Asa Cornwall, residing at Cheshire. 

The Rev. Joseph S. Covell, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Brookfield. 
The Rev. Harry Croswell, Rector of Trinity Church, New Haven. 
The Rev. William A. Curtis, Rector of St. Peter's Church, and Christ Church, 

Oxford. 

The Rev. Palmer Dyer, Editor of the Episcopal Watchman, Hartford. 
The Rev. Harvey Finch, Rector of St. James's Church. New Preston. 
The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Jr., Tutor in Washington College, Hartford. 
The Rev. John M. Garfield, Principal of a Ladies' Academy, in New Haven, 

and officiating in Hampden. 
The Rev. Alpheus Gear, Rector of St. John's Church, Waterbury, and 

Church, Salem. 
The Rev. Francis L. Hawks, Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, New 

Haven. 
The Rev. Frederic Holcomb, Rector of the Churches in Watertown and 

Northfield. 
The Rev. Origin P. Holcomb, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Wilton, and 

Church, Ridgefield. 

The Rev. Lemuel B. Hull, Rector of St. James' Church, Danbury, and Christ 

Church, Reading. 

The Rev. Hector Humphreys, Professor of Languages in Washington Col 
lege, Hartford, and Rector of St. Luke's Church, Glastenbury. 
The Rev. Enoch Huntington, Rector of St. John's Church, New Milford. 
The Rev. Reuben Ives, residing at Cheshire. 
The Rev. William Jarvis, Rector of Trinity Church, Chatham. 
The Rev. Stephen Jewett, Rector of St. James's Church, Derby, and Union 

Church, Humphreysville. 
The Rev. Isaac Jones, residing in Litchfield. 

The Rev. Henry R. Judah, Rector of St John's Church, Bridgeport. 
The Rev. Bethel Judd, Rector of St. James's Church, New London. 



1829.] APPENDIX. 331 

The Rev. James Keeler, Eector of St. Andrew's Church, Meriden, and 
Church, Southington. 

The Rev. Ezra B. Kellogg, Rector of Trinity Church, Brooklyn, and 
Church, Pomfret. 

The Rev. William Lucas, Rector of the Churches of Woodbury and Wash 
ington. 

The Rev. Truman Marsh, Rector of the Associated Churches in Litchfield. 

The Rev. Smith Miles, residing at Chatham. 

The Rev. Seth B. Paddock, Rector of Christ Church, Norwich. 

The Rev. Richard Peck, Rector of the Church in Huntington. 

The Rev. Joseph Perry, residing at New Haven. 

The Rev. Norman Phinney, adjunct Professor of Languages in Washing 
ton College, Hartford. 

The Rev. Horatio Potter, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philoso 
phy in Washington College, Hartford. 

The Rev. William T. Potter, Rector of Trinity Church, Brandford, Christ 
Church, East Haven, and Church, West Haven. 

The Rev. Chauncey Prindle, residing at Oxford. 

The Rev. Smith Pyne, Rector of Christ Church, Middletown. 

The Rev. Rodney Rossiter, Rector of the Churches in Monroe and Trumbull. 

The Rev. George C. Shepard, Rector of Christ Church, Hebron. 

The Rev. Reuben Sherwood Rector of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. 

The Rev. Daniel Somers, Rector of Church, New Canaan, residing in 

Norwalk. 

The Rev. Ashbel Steele, residing at Stratford. 

The Rev. Ambrose S. Todd, Rector of St. John's Church, Stamford. 

The Rev. Ransom Warner, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Simsbury, and 
St./ Paul's Church, Granby. 

The Rev. Nathaniel S. Wheaton, Rector of Christ Church, Hartford. 

The Rev. George S. White, residing at Canterbury. 

The Rev. Milton Wilcox, residing in Simsbury. 

DIOCESE OF NEW YORK. 

The Right Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., Bishop; Rector of Trinity 
Church, including St. Paul's and St. John's Chapels, and Professor 
of Pastoral Theology and Pulpit Eloquence in the General Theolog 
ical Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, New York. 

The Rev. Hiram Adams, Missionary at Sacket's Harbor, Jefferson county, 
and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Norman H.Adams, Missionary atUnadilla, Otsego county, Bain- 
bridge Chenango county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Parker Adams, Rector of St. John's Church, Johnstown, Mont 
gomery county. 

The Rev. Edward Andrews, Missionary at New Berlin and Sherburne, 
Chenango county. 

The Rev. Henry Anthon, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New York. 

The Rev. Henry S. Attwater, Deacon, Missionary at Waddington, St. Law 
rence county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Deodatus Babcock, Rector of Christ Church, Ballston Spa, Sara 
toga county. 

The Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, Missionary at Geneseo, Livingston county and 
parts adjacent. 



332 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev. Seth W. Beardsley, Missionary at Leroy, Gcnesee county, and, 

parts adjacent 
The Rev. Alva Bennett, Deacon, Principal of an Academy, Johnstown, 

Montgomery county. 
The Rev. Moses P. Bennett, Missionary at Angelica and Hunt's Hollow, 

Alleghany county. 
The Rev. William Berrian, D. D, an Assistant Minister of Trinity Church, 

New York. 
The Rev. Moore Bingham, Missionary at Hampton, Washington county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. William W. Bostwick, Missionary at Bath, Steuben county, and 

parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Rector of Zion Church, New York. 
The Rev. David Brown, Principal of a Female Academy, Albany. 
The Rev. John Brown, Rector of St, George's Church, Newburgh, and St. 

Thomas's Church, New Windsor, Orange county. 

The Rev. Nathaniel F. Bruce, M. D., Missionary at Mechanicsville, Sarato 
ga county, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Moses Burt, Missionary at Ticonderoga, Essex county, and parts 

adjacent. 

The Rev. Richard Bury. Rector of St Pual's Church, Albany. 
The Rev. Leverett Bush, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Oxford, Chenango 

county. 

The Rev. David Butler, Rector of SL Paul's Church, Troy, Rensselaer county. 
The Rev. Lawson Carter, Rector of Trinity Church, New Rochelle, and 

St, Paul's Church, Eastchester, Westchester county. 

The Rev. John A. Clark, Assistant Minister of Christ Church, New York. 
The Rev. William A. Clark, Rector of All Saints' Church, New York. 
The Rev. James P. F. Clarke, Rector of Christ Church, and Principal of 

Christ Church Academy, North Hempstead, Queen's county. 
The Rev. John W. Cloud, Deacon, Missionary at Onondaga, Onondaga 

county, and pans adjacent. 

The Rev. William Creighton, Rector of St. Mark's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Alexander H. Crosby, Rector of St. John's Church, Phillipsburg, 

Westchester county. 
The Rev. Francis H. Cuming, Rector of St. Luke's Church, Rochester, 

Monroe county. 
The Rev. John W Curtis, Rector of Grace Church, White Plains, and St. 

Thomas' Church, Marnaroneck, Westchester county. 
The Rev. Edward Davis, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Charlton, Saratoga 

county. 

The Rev. Benjamin Dorr, Rector of Trinity Church, Utica, Oneida county. 
The Rev. Southerland Douglass, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Rochester, 

Monroe county. 
The Rev. Manton Eastburn. Rector of the Church of the Ascension, New 

York. 

The Rev. Augustus Fitch, Deacon, Teacher at Bloomingdale, New York. 
The Rev. Edward K. Fowler, Missionary at Monticello, Sullivan county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Samuel Fuller, Rector of Trinity Church, Rensselaerville, Albany 

county, and Christ Church, Greenville, Greene county. 
The Rev. Ezekiel G. Gear, Missionary at Palmyra, Wayne county, and 

parts adjacent. 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 333 



The Rev. John D. Gilbert, Missionary at Big Flats, Tioga county, and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Henry Gregory, Deacon, Agent for the General P. E. Sunday 

School Union. 

The Rev. Edmund D. Griffin, Deacon. 
The Rev. John Grigg, Rector of St Paul's Church, Red Hook, Dutchess 

county. 

The Rev. John M. Guion, Deacon. 
The Rev. Richard D. Hall, Rector of St. George's Church, Hempstead, 

Queen's county. 

The Rev. William Hatnmel, residing in New York. 

The Rev. William Harris, D. D., President of Columbia College, New York. 
The Rev. Seth Hart, residing in Hempstead, Queen's county. 
The Rev. William H. Hart, Principal of the Classical and Upper English 

School in the New York Protestant Episcopal Public School. 
The Rev. Samuel Haskell, residing at New Rochelle, Westchester county. 
The Rev. Burton H. Hickox, Missionary at Manlius, Onondaga county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. George L. Hinton, Deacon, Minister of St. Andrew's Church, 

and Assistant Minister of St. Mary's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Algernon S. Holiister, Missionary at Skeneateles, Ouondaga 

county, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Reuben Hubbard, Missionary at Sodus, Wayne county and parts 

adjacent. 
The Rev. David Huntington, Missionary at West Charlton, Saratoga coun 

ty, and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Nathaniel Huse. 
The Rev. Edward J. Ives, Rector of St. Philip's Church, Philipstown, Put 

nam county, and St. Peter's Church, Cortlandt-Town, Westchester 

county. 

The Rev. Levi S. Ives, Rector of St. Luke's Church, New York. 
The Rev. Hiram Jelliff, Rector of St. James's Church, North Salem, West- 

Chester county. 
The Rev. Evan Malbone Johnson, Rector of St. John's Church, Brook 

lyn, King's county. 
The Rev. Samuel R. Johnson, Rector of St. James's Church, Hyde Park, 

Dutchess county. 
The Rev. Ravaud Kearny. 
The Rev. William L. Keese, Missionary at Brownville, Jefferson county, 

and parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Nathan Kingsberry, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Walden, 

Orange county. 

The Rev. William B. Lacey, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany. 
The Rev. William H. Lewis, Rector of St. George's Church, Flushing, 

Queen's county. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, New York. 
The Rev. Charles M'Cabe, Rector of St. James's Church, Milton, Saratoga 

county. 
The Rev. John M'Carty, Missionary at Oswego, Oswego county, and parts 

adjacent. 
The Rev. Daniel M'Donald, D. D., Professor of the Greek and Latin Lan 

guages, and Greek and Roman Antiquities, in Geneva College, Ge 

neva, Ontario county. 



334 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev.. Charles P. M'llvaine, Rector of St. Ann's Church, Brooklyn, 
King's county. 

The Rev. John M' vickar, D. D., Professor of Moral and Intellectual Phi 
losophy, Rhetoric, Belles Lettres, and Political Economy, in Col 
umbia College, New York. 

The Rev. Richard S. Mason, Rector of Trinity Church, Geneva, Ontario 
county. 

The Rev. James Milnor, D. D., Rector of St. George's Church, New York. 

The Rev. David Moore, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, including Trinity 
Chanel, Staten Island. 

The Rev. William A. Muhlenberg, Principal of the Flushing Institute, 
Flushing, Queen's county. 

The Rev. Rufus Murray, Missionary at Mayville, Chatauque county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Daniel Nash, Missionary in Otsego and adjoning counties. 

The Rev. Samuel Nichols, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Bedford, West- 
Chester county. 

The Rev. Beardsley Northrup, Missionary at Windham, Greene county. 

The Rev. George H. Norton, Missionary at Richmond, Ontario county, and 
parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., an Assistant Minister of Trinity 
Church, and Professor of the Nature, Ministry, and Polity of the 
Church, in the General Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis 
copal Church in the United States, New York. 

The Rev. Amos Pardee, Missionary at Perryville, Madison county. 

The Rev. Marcus A. Perry, Missionary at Holland patent, Oneida county, 
and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. Samuel Phinney. 

The Rev. John C. Porter, Deacon. 

The Rev. William Powell, Assistant Minister of St. Peter's Church, West- 
chester, Westchester county. 

The Rev. Joseph Prentiss, Rector of Trinity Church, Athens, and St. 
Luke's Church, Catskill, Greene county. 

The Rev. Alexis P. Proal, Rector of St. George's Church, Schenectady. 

The Rev. Ephraim Punderson, Deacon, Missionary at Colesville, Broome 
county, and parts adjacent. 

The Rev. John Reed, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, Ponghkeepsie, Dutch- 
ess county. 

The Rev. William Richmond, Rector of St. Michael's, St. James's and St. 
Mary's Churches, New York. 

The Rev. Joshua M. Rogers, Missionary at Turin, Lewis county. 

The Rev. John C. Rudd, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, and Principal 
of the Academy, Auburn, Cayuga county. 

The Rev. Richard Salmon. 

The Rev. Gilbert H. Sayres, Rector of Grace Church, Jamaica.Queen's county. 

The Rev. John Frederick Schrceder, an Assistant Minister of Trinity 
Church, New York. 

The Rev. Charles Seabury, Missionary at Setauket, and Islip, Suffolk county. 

The Rev. Samuel Seabury, Rector of St. George's Church, Hallett's Cove, 
Queen's county. 

The Rev. Addison Searle, Chaplain in the United States Navy, and Super 
intendent of the Naval Seminary, Brooklyn, King's county. 

The Rev. John Sellon. 



1829.] APPENDIX. 

The Rev. George A. Shelton, Rector of St. James's Church, Newtown, 

Queen's county. 
The Rev. William Shelton, Missionary at Buffalo and Black Rock, Erie 

county. 
The Rev. Charles Smith, Rector of Trinty Church, Fishkill, Dutchess 

county, and St. James's Church, Goshen, Orange county. 
The Rev. Lucius Smith, Rector of St. James's Church, Batavia, Genessee 

county. 

The Rev Orsamus H. Smith, Minister of the Church at Paris, Oneida county. 
The Rev. Cyrus Stebbins, Rector of Christ Church, Hudson, Columbia county. 
The Rev. William B. Thomas, Rector of Christ Church, Duanesburg, Sche- 

nectady county. 
The Rev. James Thompson, Missionary at Durham, Greene county, and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. William Thompson, Rector of Christ Church, Rye, Westchester 

county. 
The Rev. Frederick T. Tiffany, Rector of Christ Church, Cooperstown, Ot- 

sego county. 
The Rev. Charles J. Todd, Rector of St. John's Church, Ogdensburgh, St. 

Lawrence county. 
The Rev. Amos C. Treadway, Rector of St. John's Church, Johnstown, 

Montgomery county. 
The Rev. Samuel H. Turner, D. D., Professor of Biblical Learning, and the 

Interpretation of Scripture, in the General Theological Seminary 

of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, New York. 
The Rev. George Upfold, M. D., Rector of St. Thomas' Church, New York. 
The Rev. Frederick Vanhorne, residing at Coldenham, Orange county. 
The Rev. Antoine Verren, Rector of the French Church Du St. Esprit, New 

York. 

The Rev Jonathan M. Wainwriuht, D.D., Rector of Grace Church, New York. 
The Rev. Thomas Warner, Chaplain and Professor of Moral Philosophy, 

in the United States Military Academy, West Point. 

The Rev. Win. M. Weber, M. D., Missionary at Fairfield, Herkimer county. 
The Rev. Russel Wheeler, Rector of Zion Church, Butternutts, Otsego county. 
The Rev. Ulysses M. Wheeler, Deacon. 
The Rev. Phineas L. Whipple, Rector of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, 

Rensselaer county. 
The Rev. John Wiley, Jr., Deacon. 
The Rev. Isaac Wilkins, D. D., Rector of St. Peter's Church, Westchester, 

Westchester county. 
The Rev. Peter Williams, (a coloured man,) Rector of St. Philip's Church, 

New York, the congregation of which is composed of coloured per 
sons. 
The Rev. Ralph Williston, Missionary at Ithaca, Tompkins county, and 

parts adjacent. 
The Rev. Joseph B. Young, Missionary at Canistota, Madison county, and 

parts adjacent. 

DIOCESE OF NEW JERSEY. 

The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese, and Rector of 

Christ Church, New Brunswick. 
The Rev. Edmund. D. Barry, D. D., Minister of St. Matthew's Church, 

city of Jersey. 



336 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev. William Chaderton, residing as an instructor at Burlington. 

The Rev. James Chapman, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy. 

The Rev. John Croes, Jr., Rector of St. Paul's Church, Patterson. 

The Rev. Christian F. Crusfe, Principal of the Academy at Newark. 

The Rev. William Douglass, Minister of St. James's Church, Piscataway, 
and officiating at Trinity Church, Woodbridge. 

The Rev. Clarkson Dunn, Rector of Christ Church, Newton. 

The Rev Benjamin Holmes, Rector elect of St. Peter's Church, Morristown. 

The Rev. William L. Johnson, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Trenton. 

The Rev. Henry M. Mason, Minister of St. John's Church, Salem, and of 
St. George's, Pennsneck. 

The Rev. Matthew Matthews, Minister of Christ Church, Belleville. 

The Rev. George Y. Morehouse, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Mount 
Holly. 

The Rev. Birdsey G. Noble, Minister of St. John's Church, Elizabethtown. 

The Rev. Henry P. Powers. Rector of Trinity Church, Newark. 

The Rev. John M. Ward, Rector of St. Peter's Church, Spotswood, and Min 
ister of St. Peter's Church, Freehold. 

The Rev. Charles H. Wharton, D. D., Rector of St. Mary's Church, Bur 
lington. 

The Rev. Eli Wheeler, Rector of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, and Minis 
ter of Christ Church, Middletown. 

The Rev. William R. Whittingham, Deacon, Minister of St. Mark's Church, 
Orange. 

The Rev. Simon Wilmer, Rector of Trinity Church, Swedesborough. 

DIOCESE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D., Senior Bishop, of the American 
Protestant Episcopal Church, presiding in the House of Bishops, 
Bishop of the Diocese, and Rector of the United Churches of Christ 
Church an<J St. Peter's, and of St. James's, Philadelphia. 

The Right Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop, Philadel 
phia. 

The Rev. James Abercrombie, D. D., senior Assistant Minister of the Unit 
ed Churches of Christ Church and St. Peter's Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John T. Adderly, Deacon, Missionary in the service of the Socie 
ty for the Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania, at Phil- 
lipsburgh, Bellefonte and Huntingdon. 

The Rev. Thomas G. Allen, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev Robert Ayres, residing in Brownsville. Fayette county. 

The Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Gregory T. Bedell, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Blackwell, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel Bowman, Associate Rector of St. James's Church, Lan 
caster. 

The Rev. George Boyd, Rector of St. John's Church, Northern Liberties, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Brinckle, Rector of St. David's Church, Radnor, Del 
aware county, and St. Peter's Church, Great Valley, Chester county. 

The Rev. William Bryant, residing in Philadelphia, teaching a School, and 
officiating as Domestic Missionary in the service of the Society for 
the Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania. 



[1829. 



APPENDIX. 337 



The Rev. Levi Bull, Rector of St. Mary's Church, Chester county, Ban- 
gor Church, Churchtowri, Lancaster county, and St. Thomas' Church, 
Morgantown, Berkes county. 

The Rev. Lucius Carter, Deacon, Rector of St. James's Church, Muncey, 
Lycoming county, and Christ Church, Madison, Columbia county. 

The Rev. Corry Chambers, Deacon, officiating at Pottsville, in the service 
of the Society for the Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, Associate Rector of St. James's Church, Lan 
caster, Lancaster county, St. John's Church, Pequea, Chester coun 
ty, and Christ Church, Leacock, Lancaster county. 

The Rev. Jehu C. Clay, Rector of St. James's Church, Perkiomen, and St. 
John's Church, Norristown, Montgomery county. 

The Rev. John B. Clemson, Associate Rector of St. John's, Church, Pequea, 
Chester county, and Christ Church, Leacock, Lancaster county. 

The Rev. Pierce Connelly, officiating in the Swedish Church, at Kingses- 
eing, Philadelphia county. 

The Rev. Joab G. Cooper, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Robert Davis. 

The Rev. John Davis, Deacon, Missionary in the service of the Domestic 
and Foreign Missionary Society. 

The Rev. William H. De Lancey, D. D., Provost of the University of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. James De Pui, officiating at Bloomsburg and Madison, Columbia 
county, and Sunbury, Northumberland county. 

The Rev. Jacob M. Douglas, Assistant to the Rev. G. T. Bedell, Philadel 
phia. 

The Rev. Charles M. Dupuy, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Bennett Glover, Deacon, Missionary for Waterford and Erie, Erie 
county, in the service of the Society for the Advancement of Chris 
tianity in Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. John A. Hicks, Rector of Trinity Church, Easton, Northamp 
ton county. 

The Rev. William Hilton, Deacon, Missionary in the service of the Soci 
ety for the Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania, at Butler, 
Butler county, and at Kittanning, Armstrong county 

The Rev. John H. Hopkins, Rector of Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, Alle- 
ghany county. 

The Rev. Joseph Hutchins, D. D., residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. John W. James, Minister of Christ Church, Meadville. 

The Rev. Joseph Jaquett, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Jackson Kemper, D. D., an Assistant Minister of the United 
Churches of Christ Church and St. Peter's, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. George Kirk, Deacon, officiating in St. John's Church, New Lon 
don, Cross Roads, Chester county. 

The Rev. Francis H. L. Laird, Deacon, Missionary in the service of the 
Society for the Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania, at 
Georgetown, Beaver county. 

The Rev. Samuel Marks, Missionary, officiating in the Churches in Susque- 
hanna and Bradford counties, in the service of the Society for the 
Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. James May, Deacon, Minister of St. Stephen's Church, Wilkea- 
barre, Luzerne county. 

The Rev. William C. Meade, Rector of Trinity Church, Southwark, Phi 
ladelphia. 



338 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev. George Mintzer, Deacon, Rector of St Gabriel's Church, Morlattin, 
Berkes county. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., Rector of St. Stephen's Church, Phi 
ladelphia. 

The Rev. Richard U. Morgan, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Chester, and 
St. Martin's Church, Marcus Hook, Delaware county. 

The Rev. Norman Nash, residing in Philadelphia. 

The Rev. David C. Page, Missionary, officiating at Greensburg, Westmore 
land county, in the service of the Society for the Advancement of 
Christianity in Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. Henry H. Pfeiffer, Rector of Christ Church, Brownsville, and 
Trinity Church, Connelsville, Fayette county. 

The Rev. William H. Rees, Deacon, Minister of St. James the Greater'a 
Church, Bristol, Buck's county. 

The Rev. Francis Reno, officiating in Beaver county. 

The Rev. John Reynolds, Rector of St. Stephen's Church, Harrisburgh, 
Dauphin county. 

The Rev. John Rodney, Jr., Rector of St. Luke's Church, Germantown, 
Philadelphia county, and St. Thomas's Church, Whitemarsh, Mont 
gomery county. 

The Rev. Edward Rutledge, Assistant Professor of Moral Philosophy in 
the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. George Sheets, Rector of Trinity Church, Oxford, and All Saints' 
Church, Lower Dublin, Philadelphia county. 

Tha Rev. Samuel Sitgreaves, residing at Easton, Northampton county. 

The Rev. Benjamin 13. Smith, Rector -of Grace Church, Penn township, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Joseph Spencer. 

The Rev. John Taylor, residing in the city of Pittsburgh. 

The Rev. John V. E. Thorn, Rector of Christ Church, Huntingdon, Ad 
ams county, and St. John the Baptist's Church, York, York county. 

The .Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 

The Rev. Peter Van Pelt, officiating in St. Thomas' (African) Church, 
Philadelphia. 

The Rev. George Weller. 

The Rev. Henry J. Whitehouse, Rector of Christ Church, Reading, Berks 
county. 

The Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., Professor of Systematic Divinity in the Gen 
eral Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Chnrch in 
the United States, New York. 

The Rev. James Whiltbank, Master of the Eastern Grammar School, in the 
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

DIOCESE OF DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Robert Clay, residing at Newcastle. 

The Rev. Joseph H. Coit, Minister of St. Andrew's Church, Wilmington. 

The Rev. Daniel Higbee, Minister of St. Peter's Church, Lewes, tt. Paul's 

Church, Georgetown, Christ Church, Laurel, and Prince George's, 

Dagsborough, Sussex county. 

The Rev. Isaac Pardee, Rector of Trinity Church, Wilmington. 
The Rev. Robert Piggot, Smyrna. 
The Rev. Stephen W. Prestman, Rector of Immanuel Chnrch, Newcastle, 

and St. James' Church, Staunton. 
The Rev. J. H. Robinson, Deacon. 



1829.] APPENDIX. 339 

DIOCESE OF MARYLAND. 

The Rev. Charles C. Austin, Rector of St. Thomas' parish, Baltimore 
county. 

The Rev. William Armstrong, St. Peter's Church, Montgomery county. 

The Rev. Ethan Allen, Christ Church. Washington, D. C. 

The Rev. Grandison Aisquith, residing in the city of Baltimore. 

The Rev. Henry Aisquith, St. Margaret's, Westminster, Ann Arundel Co. 

The Rev. John Allen, Professor of Mathematics, University of Maryland, 
Baltimore. 

The Rev. Marvin Allen, All Saints, Calvert county. 

The Rev. Walter D. Addison, Georgetown, D. C. 

The Rev. John V. Bartow, Trinity Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Thomas Bayne, St. Peter's, Talbot county. 

The Rev. R. H. Barnes, Trinity, Charles county. 

The Rev. John G. Blanchard, St. Anne's, Annapolis, Anne Arundel county. 

The Rev. Thomas Billopp, Christ Church, Queen Caroline Parish, Anne 
Arundel county. 

The Rev. John T. Brooke, Christ Church, Georgetown, D. C. 

The Rev. William F. Chelsey, Christ Church, Calvert county. 

The Rev. William Duke, Elkton, Cecil county. 

The Rev. R. B. Drane, St. John's, Hagerstown, Washington county. 

The Rev. Levin J. Gillis, St. Paul's, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. John P. K. Henshaw, St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. William Hawley, St. John's, Washington city, D. C. 

The Rev. Matthias Harris, Christ Church and St. Luke's, Kent county. 

The Rev. Henry V. D. Johns, Trinity Church, city of Washington. 

The Rev. John Johns, Christ Church, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Leonard II. Johns, Emmanuel parish, Alleghany county. 

The Rev. Jonathan Judd, Great Choptank, Dorchester county. 

The Rev. John R. Keech, St. John's parish, Baltimore and Hartford 
counties. 

The Rev. Henry C. Knight, Prince George's parish, Montgomery cotmty. 

The Rev. George M'Elhiney, St. James's parish, Baltimore county. 

The Rev. R. H. B. Mitchell, King and Queen's parish, St. Mary's county. 

The Rev. Charles Mann, William and Mary parish, Charles county. 

The Rev. G. L. Mackenheimer, St. John's and Accakeek Churches, Prince 
George's county. 

The Rev. William L. Marshall, St. James's parish, Anne Arundel county. 

The Rev. Andrew T. M'Cormick, city of Washington. 

The Rev. Robert Prout, Durham parish, Charles county. 

The Rev. Ira Parker, Teacher of an Academy, Baltimore. 

The Rev. Perkins, Deacon, officiating in St. John's Church, George 
town, D. C. 

The Rev. Jared Rice, St. Mark's, Frederick county. 

The Rev. William Rafferty, D. D., Principal of St. John's College, An 
napolis. 

The Rev. Thomas Reid. 

The Rev. Neale H. Shaw, English and Mathematical Teacher, Charlotte 
Hall, St. Mary's county. 

The Rev. William A. Smallwood, Zion Church, Prince George's county. 

The Rev. Purnell F. Smith, Shrewsbury parish, Kent Island. 



The Rev. John S. Stone, All Saints, Frederick county 



, Shrewsbury parish, 
11 Saints, Frederick c< 



340 APPENDIX. [1829. 

The Rev. William M. Stone, Stepney parish, Somerset county. 

The Rev. Samuel C. Stratton, All Hallows and Worcester, Worcester 

county. 
The Rev. Charles S. Williams, D. D., Principal of Baltimore College, and 

Rector of St. John's Church, Anne Arundel county. 
The Rev. Lemuel Wilmer, Port Tobacco, Charles county. 
The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., Rector of St. Paul's parish, Baltimore. 
The Rev. Noble Young, residing in Durham, Charles county. 

DIOCESE OF VIRGINIA. 

The Right Rev. Richard Channing Moore, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of the 
Monumental Church, Richmond. 

The Right Rev. William Meade, D. D., Assistant Bishop, Millwood, Fred 
erick county. 

The Rev. Ebenezer Boyden, Staunton. 

The Rev. Mark L. Chevers, Hampton. 

The Rev. Josias Clapham, Mattox Bridge, Westmoreland county. 

The Rev. Nicholas H. Cobbs, New London, Bedford county. 

The Rev. John Cole, Missionary in Surry and Prince George. 

The Rev. John Cooke, Montpelier, Hanover county. 

The Rev. William Crawford, Louisa Court House. 

The Rev. Robert B. Croes, Assistant Minister of the Monumental Church, 
Richmond. 

The Rev. James Doughen, Goochland Court House. 

The Rev. Charles Dresser, Halifax Court House. 

The Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D., Norfolk. 

The Rev. Adam Empie, President of William and Mary College, Wil- 
liamsburg. 

The Rev. Caleb J. Good, Bowling Green, Caroline county. 

The Rev. Stephen Selby Gunter, Eastville, Northampton county. 

The Rev. Zacnariah H. Goldsmith, Onancock, Accomack county. 

The Rev. John Grammar, Harrisville, Dinwiddie county. 

The Rev. Frederick W. Hatch, Charlottsville. 

The Rev. Johannes Edward Jackson, Winchester. 

The Rev. Thomas Jackson, Leesburgh, Loudoun county. 

The Rev. William Jackson, Alexandria, D. C., Professor in the Protestant 
Episcopal Theological Seminary of Virginia. 

The Rev. Alexander Jones, Charlestown, Jefferson county. 

The Rev. William G. H. Jones, Smithfield, Isle of Wight. 

The Rev. Jacob Keeling, Suffolk, Nansemond county. 

The Rev. Reuel Keith, D. D., Alexandria, D. C., Professor in the Protest 
ant Episcopal Theological Seminary of Virginia. 

The Rev. George Lemmon, Warrenton, Fauquier county. 

The Rev. Edward R. Lippit, Alexandria, D. C., Professor in the Protest 
ant Episcopal Theological Seminary of Virginia. 

The Rev. William F. Lee, Richmond. 

The Rev. Edward C. M'Guire, Fredericksburg. 

The Rev. John P. M'Guire, Loretto, Essex county. 

The Rev. Nahum G. Osgood, Campbell Court Housed 

The Rev. Charles H. Page, Amherst Court House. 

The Rev. Edward W. Peet, Hampstead^King Geoige county. 

The Rev. John Philips, Lunenburg Court House. 



1829.] 



APPENDIX. 341 



The Rev. Franklin G. Smith, Lynchburg. 

The Rev. George A. Smith, Culpepper Court House. 

The Rev. William Steel, Halestone, Mecklenburg county. 

The Rev. Andrew Syme, Petersburg. 

The Rev. John T. Wheat, Wheeling. 

The Rev. John H. Wingfield, Portsmouth, Norfolk county. 

The Rev. John Woodville, Culpepper Court House. 

DIOCESE OF NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscroft, D. D., Bishop, Williamsborough. 

The Bev. John Avery, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Edenton. 

The Rev. Elijah Brainard, Deacon, Warrenton. 

The Rev. Jarvis Buxton, Minister of Christ Church, Elizabeth city. 

The Rev. William D. Cairnes, St. James's Church, Wilmington. 

The Rev. Charles P. Elliott. 

The Rev. George W. Freeman, Rector of Christ Church, Raleigh. 

The Rev. John R. Goodman, Minister of Christ Church, Newbern. 

The Rev. William M. Green, Rector of St. Matthew's Church, Hillsbo- 

rough, and St. Mary's Chapel, Orange county. 

The Rev. Robert J. Miller, Rector of St. Andrew's Church, Burke county. 
The Rev. John H. Normant, Missionary in Halifax county, and parts 

adjacent. 

The Rev. Philip B. Wiley, St. John's, Fayetteville. 
The Rev. Thomas Wright, Rector of St. Luke's Church^ Salisbury, and 

Christ Church, Rowan county. 

DIOCESE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., Bishop, and Rector of St. Mi 
chael's Church, Charleston. 

The Rev. Jasper Adams, D. D., Principal of Charleston College. 

The Rev. Augustus L. Converse, Claremont. 

The Rev. David I. Campbell, Minister of St. Stephen's parish, and of the 
Chapels at the Black Oak and the Rocks. 

The Rev. John W. Chanler, Rector of St. Mark's parish, Clarendon. 
The Rev. Frederick Dalcho, M. D., Assistant Minister of St. Michael's 
Church, Charleston. 

The Rav. Francis P. Delavaux, Rector of St. Bartholomew's parish. 

The Rev. Rodolphus Dickinson, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Pendleton. 

The Rev. John S. Field, Deacon, Missionary at Fairfield. 

The Rev. Patrick H. Folker, Missionary at Greenville. 

The Rev. Andrew Fowler, Minister of Christ Church parish. 

The Rev. Hugh Frazer, residing at All Saint's parish, Waccamaw. 

The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D. D., Rector of St. Philip's Church, 
Charleston. 

The Rev. Philip Gadsden, Deacon, Minister of St. Paul's Parish. 

The Rev. Thomas Gates, D. D., residing in Charleston. 

The Rev. Paul T. Gervais, residing in St. John's parish, Colleton. 

The Rev. Allston Gibbes, Assistant Minister of St. Philip's parish, Charles 
ton. 

The Rev. Henry Gibbes, Rector of All Saints' parish, Waccamaw. 

The Rev. Christian Hanckel, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Radcliffebo- 
rough, Charleston. 



342 APPENDIX. [1829 

The Rev. George W. Hathaway,* Deacon. 

The Rev. Paul T. Keith, Rector of Prince George's parish, Winyaw, 

Georgetown. 

The Rev. Maurice H. Lance, residing in Georgetown. 
The Rev. William H. Mitchell, Rector of St. James's parish, Santee. 
The Rev. Thomas Mills, D. D., residing at Rocky Mount. 
The Rev. Alexander W. Marshall, Deacon, Missionary at St. David's, 

Cheraw. 
Tha Rev. Edward Philips, Domestic Missionary, and Minister of St. 

Stephen's Chapel, Charleston. 
Th e Rev. Milward Pogson, residing in Charleston. 
The Rev. Francis H. Rutledge, Rector of Grace Church, Sullivan's Island, 

and of the parish of St. Thomas and St. Dennis. 
The Rev. John Jacob Tschudy, Rector of St. John's parish, Berkley. 
The Rev. Thomas House Taylor, Rector of St. John's parish, Colleton. 
The Rev. Edward Thomas, Rector of Trinity Church, Edisto, and of St. 

Stephen's Chapel, Edingsville. 
The Rev. Paul Trapier, Deacon, officiating at St. Andrew's parish, near 

Charleston. 

The Rev. Joseph R. Walker, Rector of St. Helena parish, Beaufort. 
The Rev. William S. Wilson, Rector of St. Matthew's parish. 
The Rev. Thomas J. Young, Rector of St. Luke's parish, and Minister of 

Prince William's. 

DIOCESE OF GEORGIA. 

The Rev. Thomas S. W. Mott, Missionary to St. Simon's Island. 
The Rev. Edward Neufville, Rector of Christ Church, Savannah 
The Rev. Hugh Smith, Rector of St. Paul's Church, Augusta. 

DIOCESE OF OHIO. 

The Right Rev. Philander Chase, D. D., Bishop, and President of the The 
ological Seminary and Kenyon College, Gambier. 

The Rev. Benjamin P. Aydelott, M. D., Minister of Christ Church, Cincin 
nati. 

The Rev. Amos G. Baldwin. 

The Rev. John P. Bausman, Minister of St. Paul's Church, Chilicothe. 

The Rev. Cotesworth P. Bronson, Minister of St. Paul's Church, Norwalk. 

The Rev. Silas C. Freeman, Minister of Trinity Church, Cleaveland. 

The Rev. John Hall, Minister of St. Peter's Cnurch, Ashtabula. 

The Rev. Samuel Johnston, Minister of St. Paul's Cnurch, Cincinnati. 

The Rev. Gideon M'Millan, Minister of St. James's Church, Piqua. 

The Rev. Intrepid Morse, Minister of St. Paul's Churjh, Stenbenville, and 
St. James's, Cross-Creek. 

The Rev. William Preston, Deacon, Tutor of Mathematics in Kenyon Col 
lege. 

The Rev. William Sparrow, Professor of Languages in Kenyon College, 
Gambier. 

The Rev. Nathan Stem, Minister of St. Peter's, Delaware, and Grace 
Church, Berkshire. 

* This gentleman removed into the Eastern Diocese, about two years ago, without the 
u=ual Canonical dismission from this Diocese. 



1829.] APPENDIX. 343 

The Rev. M. T. C. Wing, Tutor of Languages in Kenyon College, Gam- 
bier. 

DIOCESE OF MISSISSIPPI. 

The Rev. Adam Cloud, residing in Jefferson county. 

The Rev. James A. Fox, Rector of Christ Church, Jefferson county. 

The Rev. Spencer Wall, Minister of St. John's Church, Port Gihson. 

DIOCESE OF KENTUCKY. 

The Rev. George T. Chapman, D. D., Rector of Christ Church, Lexington. 
The Rev. Benjamin O. Peers, Deacon, Principal of the Pestalozzi Acade 
my, Lexington. 
The Rev. John Ward, Principal of a Female Academy in Lexington. 

DIOCESE OF TENNESSEE. 

The Rev. John Davis, Deacon, and Missionary. 

The Rev. James H. Otey, St. Paul's Church, Franklin. 

The Rev. Daniel Stephens, D. D., St Peter's Church, Columbia. 

LOUISIANA. 
The Rev. James F. Hull, Rector of Christ Church, New Orleans. 

MICHIGAN TERRITORT. 

The Rev. Richard F. Cadle, Missionary at Green Bay. 
The Rev. Eleeazer Williams, Deacon, Green Bay. 

ALABAMA. 

The Rev. Henry H. Shaw, residing in Mobile, 

ARKANSAS TERRITORT. 

The Rev. Isaac Darneille. 

MISSOURI TERRITORY. 

The Rev. Tomas Horrel, St. Louis, Cape Geradeaux county. 

FLORIDA. 

The Rev. Raymond A. Henderson, Missionary at St. Augustine. 
The Rev. Benjamin Hutchins, Missionary at Pensacola. 



JOURNAL OF THE PKOCEEblNGS 



BISHOPS, CLERGY AND LAITY 



or THE 



FroMant (JpistopI Otjnrrfi, 

" A A % \ ' 



THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 



HT A 



GENERAL CONVENTION, 

HELD IK 

THB CITY or NEW YORK, FBOM WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17xH, 
TO WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31sT, INCLUSIVE, A. D. 1832. 

TO WHICH ABE ANNEXED, 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE SAID CHURCH, 

TOGETHEB WITH 

THCE O-AJSTOITS, 

A3 BEVISED AND PASSED BY THIS GENERAL CONVENTION. 



LIST OF THE ATTENDING MEMBERS. 



HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

The Right Rev. William White, D. D. of Pennsylvania, 
presiding Bishop. 

The Right Rev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D. of the 
Eastern Diocese, comprising the States of Maine, New Hamp 
shire, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 

The Right Rev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of South Car 
olina. 

The Right Rev. Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., LL. D. 
of Connecticut. 

The Right Rev. Henry Ustick Onderdonk, D. D., of Penn 
sylvania. 

The Right Rev. William Meade, D. D., of Virginia. 

The Right Rev. William Murray Stone, D. D., of Mary 
land. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin Tread well Onderdonk, D.D., 
of New York. 

The Right Rev. Levi Silliman Ives, D. D., of North Car 
olina. 

The Right Rev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., of Vermont. 

The Right Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, D.D., of Kentucky. 

The Right Rev. Charles P. Mcllvaine, D. D., of Ohio. 

The Right Rev. George W. Doane, A. M. of New. Jersey. 



HOUSE OF CLERICAL AND LAY DEPUTIES. 

CLERICAL DEPUTIES. 

MAINE. 

The Rev. Joseph Muenscher, The Rev. Joel Clop. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

The Rev. Charles Burroughs. 



346 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 



VERMONT. 

The Rev. Abraham Bronson, The Rev. Carlton Chase, 

The Rev. George T. Chapman, The Rev. Sylvester Nash. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Rev. Theodore Edson, The Rev. John West, 

The Rev. John S. Stone, The Rev. Alfred L. Baury. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, D. D., The Rev. Salmon Wheaton, D. D., 
The Rev. John Bristed, The Rev. George Taft. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Rev. Harry Croswell, D. D., The Rev. Bethel Judd, D. D., 
The Rev. Frederick Holcomb, The Rev. Lemuel B. Hull. 

NEW YORK. 

The Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., The Rev. John C. Rudd, D. D., 

TheRev.JonathanM.Wainwright,D.D.,The Rev. Henry Anthon, D. D., 

NEW JERSEY. 

The Rev. John Croes, The Rev. Frederick Baasley, D. D., 

The Rev. Clarkson Dunn, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., The Rev. William H. De Lancey, D. D., 
The Rev. William C. Mead, D. D., The Rev. Samuel Bowman. 

DELAWARE. 

The Rev. Stephen W. Presstman, The Rev. Isaac Pardee. 

MARYLAND. 

The Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., The Rev. Joseph Spencer, D. D., 
The Rev. Geerge McElhiney, The Rev. John G. Blanchard. 

VIRGINIA. 

The Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D., The Rev. William Jackson, 
The Rev. John Grammar. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. William M. Green, The Rev. George W. Freeman, 

The Rev. John Avery, The Rev. John R. Goodman. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D.D., The Rev. Allston Gibbes, 

GEORGIA. 

The Rev. Edward Neufville. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 347 

OHIO. 

The Rev. William Sparrow, The Rev. John P. Bausman, 

TENNESSEE. 

The Rev. George Weller. 

ALABAMA. 

The Rev. Norman Pinney. 

MICHIGAN. 

The Rev. Richard Bury. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 
MAINE. 

Daniel Chamberlain, Esq., Phiehas Pratt, Esq. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Samuel E. "Watson, Esq. 

VERMONT. 

George Cleaveland. Esq., Simeon Ide, Esq., 

Trueman Purdy, Esq. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Edward A. Newton, Esq., William A. Crocker, Esq., 

Edward Tuckerman, Esq. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Alexander Jones, Esq., Edward Wolcott, Esq. 

Edward S. Wilkinson,, Esq., 

CONNECTICUT. 

Burrage Beach, Esq., Edward Johnson, Esq., 

Samuel H. Huntingdon, Esq. 

NEW YORK. 

William A. Duer, LL. D., Stephen Warren, Esq. 

Peter A. Jay, Esq., Thomas L. Ogden, Esq. 

NEW JERSEY. 

Charles C. Stratton, Esq., Mark W. Collett, Esq. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

William Meredith, Esq., Edward J. Stiles, Esq., 

Philip H. Nicklin, Esq. 



348 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

DELAWARE. 

John Cummins, Esq., Richard Mansfield, Esq., 

Edward Williams, Esq., 

MARYLAND. 

Thomas W. Veazey, Esq., Samuel J. Donaldson, Esq., 

John Gibson, Esq. 

VIRGINIA. 

Edward Colston Esq., John G. Williams, Esq. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Gavin Hogg, Esq. Edward L. Winslow, Esq. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

William Heyward, Esq., 

KENTUCKY. 

John E. Cooke, M. D. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Justin W. Foote, Esq. 

ALABAMA. 

Samuel St. John, Jr. 



___ No accurate List of the Clergymen who were admitted to the sittinga 
of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, aud who attended the same, could 
be procured for publication in the Journal. 

The Secretary was furnished with but few names. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 349 



JOURNAL 



OF THE 



Ij[onsF of Qlppiral and Eag 




IPS. 



J! 5 tf NEW YORK, OCTOBER 17, 1832. 

J l-S being the day and place appointed for the meet 
ing of the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 
Divine Service was celebrated in St. Paul's Chapel. 

The Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. James Mont 
gomery, D. D., of Pennsylvania, assisted by the Rev. Ste 
phen A. Prestman of Delaware, and a Sermon preached by 
the Right Rev. H. U. Onderdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop 
of the Diocese of Pennsylvania. The Holy Communion 
was administered by the Right Rev. the senior Bishop, as 
sisted by the other Bishops present. 

The House then assembled, and the Rev. William E. Wy- 
att, D.D., was appointed Chairman pro tern., and the Rev. 
Henry Anthon, D. D., Secretary, pro tern. 

The Clerical and Lay Deputies presented testimonials of 
their respective appointments, which, on motion, were refer 
red to the Rev. Dr. Wainwright and Messrs. Meredith and 
Beach, to examine and report thereon. 

The report of the Committee having been read and ap 
proved, the following deputies took their seats : 

CLERICAl DEPUTIES. 

From Maine, the Rev. Joseph Muenscher, the Rev. Joel 
Clap. From New Hampshire, the Rev. Charles Bur- 



350 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

roughs. From Vermont, the Rev. Abraham Bronson, the 
Rev. Carlton Chase, the Rev. George T. Chapman, the Rev. 
Sylvester Nash. From Massachusetts, the Rev. Theodore 
Edson, the Rev. John West, the Rev. John S. Stone, the 
Rev. Alfred L. Baury. From Rhode Island, the Rev. Na 
than B. Crocker, D. D., the Rev. Salmon Wheaton, D. D., 
the Rev. George Taft. From Connecticut, the Rev. Harry 
Croswell, D. I)., the Rev. Lemuel B. Hull. From New 
York, the Rev. Thomas Lyell, D. D., the Rev. Jonathan 
M. Wainwright, D. D., the Rev. Henry Anthon, D. D. 
From New Jersey, the Rev. John Croes, the Rev. Freder 
ick Beasley, D. D., the Rev. Clarkson Dunn. From Penn 
sylvania, the Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., the Rev. 
William H. De Lancey, D. D., the Rev. William C. Mead, 

D. D. From Delaware, the Rev. Stephen W. Prestman, 
the Rev. Isaac Pardee. From Maryland, the Rev. William 

E. Wyatt, D. D., the Rev. George McElhiney, the Rev. 
John G. Blanchard. From Virginia, the Rev. Henry W. 
Ducachet, M. D., the Rev. William Jackson, the Rev. 
John Grammar. From North Carolina, the Rev. William 
M. Green, the Rev. George W. Freeman, the Rev. John 
Avery, the Rev. John R. Goodman. From South Carolina, 
the Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D. D., the Rev. Allston 
Gibbes. From Georgia, the Rev. Edward Neufville. From 
Ohio, The Rev. William Sparrow, the Rev. John P. Baus- 
man. 

LAY DEPUTIES. 

From Maine, Daniel Chamberlain, Esq., Phineas Pratt, 
Esq. From New Hampshire, Samuel E. Watson, Esq. 
From Vermont, George Cleaveland, Esq., Simeon Ide, Esq., 
Truman Purdy, Esq. From Massachusetts, Edward A. 
Newton, Esq., William A. Crocker, Esq. Edward Tucker - 
man, Esq. From Rhode Island, Alexander Jones, Esq., 
Edward S. Wilkinson, Esq. From Connecticut Burrage 
Beach, Esq., Edwards Johnson, Esq. From New York, 
William A. Duer, LL. D., Stephen Warren, Esq., Peter A. 
Jay, Esq., Thomas L. Ogden, Esq. From New Jersey, 
Mark W. Collett, Esq. From Pennsylvania, William Mer- 
redith, Esq., Edward J. Stiles, Esq. From Delaware, John 
Cumings, Esq., Richard Mansfield, Esq., Edward Williams, 
Esq. From Maryland, Thomas W. Veazey, Esq., Samuel 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 351 

J. Donaldson, Esq., John Gibson, Esq. From Virginia, 
Edward Colston, Esq., John G. Williams, Esq. From North 
Carolina, Gavin Hogg, Esq. From South Carolina, Wil 
liam Heyward, Esq. From Kentucky, John E. Cooke, M. 
D. From Mississippi, Justin W. Foote, Esq. 

The House then .proceeded to an election, by ballot, of a 
President and Secretary. The Clerical and Lay Deputies 
from Pennsylvania having required that the vote should be 
taken in each order by States, agreeably to the provisions 
of the 2d Article of the Constitution of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, it was taken ac 
cordingly, and it appeared that both orders had concurred 
in choosing the Eev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., President, 
and the Rev. Henry Anthon, D. D., Secretary. 

Resolved, That a Committee of two be appointed to 
inform the House of Bishops, that this House is organized 
and ready to proceed to business. 

The Rev. Dr. Mead and Mr. E. A. Newton were appointed. 

The House having been informed that the House of Bish 
ops had adjourned until to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock, to 
meet at St. John's Chapel, (which had been prepared for 
the accommodation of the Convention,) on motion, 

Resolved, That when this House adjourn, it adjourns 
to meet at the same hour and place. 

The House adjourned. 



THURSDAY, October 18, 1832. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. William H. Do 
Lancey, D. D., of Pennsylvania. The Ante-communion 
service, together with the Collect, Epistle and Gospel for 
the day, (it being the festival of St. Luke,) were read by 
the senior Bishop. 

The following Deputies having presented credentials of 
their respective appointments, appeared and took their 
seats : 

From Rhode Island, the Rev. John Bristed. From New- 
York, the Rev. John C. Rudd, D. D. From Pennsylvania, 
Philip H. Nicklin, Esq. From North Carolina, Edward 



352 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Lee Winslow, Esq. From Tennessee, the Rev. George 
Weller. 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read 
and approved. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary be authorized 
to appoint a gentleman, not a member of this House, as 
Assistant Secretary. The Rev. Dr. Hawks was appointed 
accordingly. 

Dr. Mead, from the Committee appointed yesterday to 
inform the House of Bishops that this House was organiz 
ed and ready to proceed to business, reported that the House 
of Bishops returned for answer, that they also, having elect 
ed the Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., their Secretary, were or 
ganized and ready to proceed to business. 

On motion, Resolved, That seats be provided for the 
Right Rev. the Bishops, when they shall choose to attend 
the deliberations of this House, and that information here 
of be sent to the House of Bishops. 

Ordered, That a Committee be appointed to make ar 
rangements for the accommodation of the Bishops, when 
they attend the deliberations of this House, and for the ap 
pointing of certain pews of this church to the exclusive use 
of the members of this Convention. 

The Rev. Dr. De Lancey and J. W. Foote, Esq. were ap 
pointed, and forthwith reported the arrangements which 
they deemed it expedient to make, which were concurred 
in by the House. 

Ordered, That a door-keeper be appointed to carry into 
effect the arrangements of the Committee. 

On motion, Resolved, That Clergymen of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church, Trustees, Professors and Students of 
the General Theological Seminary, and other Students of 
Theology, and candidates for holy orders in this Church, 
who may be in the city of New York during the meeting 
of this Convention, and are not members thereof, be ad 
mitted to the sittings of this House. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Rules of Order of the 
last Convention be adopted for the government of this, and 
be read. 

The Rules of Order were read accordingly, as follows : 

1. The Morning service of the Church shall be perform 
ed every day during the session of the Convention. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 353 

2. When the President takes the chair, no member shall 
continue standing, or shall afterwards stand up, except to 
address the Chair. 

3. No member shall absent himself from the service of 
the House, unless he have leave, or be unable to attend. 

4. When any member is about to speak, or deliver any 
matter 'to' the House, he shall, with due respect, address 
himself to the President, confining himself strictly to the 
point in debate. 

5. No member shall speak more than twice in the same 
debate, without leave of the House. 

6. While the President is putting any question, the mem 
bers shall continue in their seats, and shall not hold any 
private discourse. 

7. Every member who shall be in the House when any 
question is put, shall, on a division, be counted, unless he 
be personally interested in the discussion. 

8. No motion shall be considered as before the House un 
less seconded, and, when required, reduced to writing. 

9. When a motion is under consideration, no other mo 
tion shall be made, except to amend, to divide, to commit 
or postpone it ; but a motion to adjourn shall always be in 
order, and shall be decided without debate. A question on. 
amendment shall be decided before the original motion. 

10. All committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered. 

11. When the House is about to rise, every member shall 
keep his seat until the President leaves his chair. 

The President delivered the following address to the 
House, which, on motion, it was resolved unanimously, 
should be entered on its Journal : 

BRETHREN : In offering to the Convention, yesterday, 
an acknowledgment of the honor done me in the renewed 
appointment to this chair, it was observed that, with the 
permission of the House, I should claim the privilege of 
adding a few remarks upon the opening of the business this 
morning. 

One object in view, is to express an unfeigned apprehen 
sion that, in the course of the transactions of the House, 
which are liable to become perplexing and exciting, I may 
very much need both your aid and your indulgence. My 



354 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

own comparative inexperience, and the perfect acquaintance 
with parliamentary rules and proceedings of many gentle 
men present, especially among the Laity, will lead me to 
seek the former frankly and promptly ; upon the latter you 
have already taught me confidently to rely. 

As a practical evidence of this, I shall make no apology 
for recalling it to the mind of all, not in the way of admo 
nition, that while engaged in the most noble and beneficial 
of all undertakings, to further the interests of the Church 
of CHRIST, we must be careful that the measures and the 
spirit have a correspondence with the end ; I mean not 
only the measures finally adopted by the body, but the 
means by which they are attained. The proceedings of eccle 
siastical bodies usually draw, in a considerable degree, the 
public attention. And whatever may be the purity of feel 
ing and uprightness of purpose in those engaged, much 
more is understood, or imagined, or imputed, than is avow 
ed upon the pages of a Journal. And it would be a 
grievous thing, that the first result of the assembling of 
such a body should be a diminished confidence in the effi 
ciency of our religion to elevate the character, and control 
and hallow the passions. We, I trust, have one common 
object the good of the Church which we are pursuing un 
der the authority and observation of the great H^ad of the 
Church ; and lie can never have made it necessary to attain 
Buch an end at the expense of Christian simplicity, forbear 
ance, meekness or benevolence. The benign SPIRIT, whose 
influence we invoke every day, could never be expected to 
dwell and lend his aid, where such, a sacrifice was made for 
the sake of accomplishing what a manly and consistent pol 
icy had failed to secure. 

Let us bring to the service of the Redeemer understand 
ings disabused of prejudices and passions, and hearts united 
to each other by the power of our zeal and devotion to his 
Gospel. None will, I am sure, forget that every occupation 
has its peculiar trials of principle ; and that although while 
engaged here as agents of CHRIST'S kingdom, we are exempt 
from the temptations to those vanities and excesses which dis 
honour the world, vigilance and devotion are still indispens 
able, if we would shun excitements not less inconsistent with 
the spirit of genuine Christianity. But if our love be with 
out dissimulation, we shall find it easy to combine as men 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 355 

of the world combine, when effecting objects which demand 
great physical power, heartily cooperating without reflecting 
upon each other's private views and feelings lo extend 
the influence of the Gospel, and advance the Kedeemer's 
honour. 

We are about to enter upon vitally important delibera 
tions. The advantage at such a moment of giving a pause 
to the mind, and of solemnly adopting our principles of ac 
tion, was too obvious to be lost, through the un worthiness 
of him whom you have honored as your Chairman, to offer 
what might be mistaken for admonition to such a body as 
the present. 

Sanctioned by the expression of the sentiments of that 
venerahle head of our community whom we all love and re 
vere, I may add with propriety, how desirable it is that the 
public acts of devotion of this body should be punctually 
attended. He has observed this morning that when, in the 
discharge of parochial duty, rebuking negligence in a simi 
lar manner, he has found no reply or attempt at vindication 
so unpleasant and perplexing to him, as that which was de 
rived from the frequent practice of the members of ecclesi 
astical bodies. 

May the SPIRIT which guided and hallowed the delibera 
tions of the first preachers of the Gospel manifest His pres 
ence with us, in the fitness of our measures and motives to 
the sacred ends designed. 

Resolved, That the Delegates from the several Dioceses 
represented in this Convention shall be called on to-morrow 
to state to this House what documents they have to present 
to the House, agreeably to the 45th canon of 1808, and to 
lay the same on the Secretary's table ; and also for the quo 
ta required by a resolution of the Convention of 1823, to 
ward the expenses of the Convention. 

Resolved, That the Delegates from each Diocese be re 
quested to present at the opening of the Convention to 
morrow, the certificate required by the Convention of 1823, 
stating the number of clergymen in their respective Dio 
ceses, and the amount of funds paid, or secured to be paid 
therein, for the use of the Theological Seminary, and also 
the nomination of Trustees by each Diocese. 

Resolved, That the President appoint, at his leisure, the 



356 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

following Standing Committees : On the General Theolog 
ical Seminary ; the Domestic and Foreign Missionary So 
ciety ; Elections ; the Consecration of Bishops ; unfinished 
Business ; Expenses ; the State, of the Church. 

Kesolved, That this House will meet daily at 10 o'clock, 
A. M., and commence business with the Morning Prayer, 
and adjourn at 3 o'clock, P. M. ; and that' information of 
this be sent to the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, That a list of the members of this House be 
printed for the use of the House. 

The President announced the following Standing Com 
mittees: 

1. General Theological Seminary : Rev. Dr. Wainwright, 
Rev. Dr. Lyell, Rev. Mr. Croes, Mr. Warren, Mr. Mansfield 
and Mr. Stratton. 

2. Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society : Rev. Dr. 
Montgomery, Rev. Mr. Weller, Rev. Mr. Chase, Mr. Cooke, 
Mr. Veazey and Mr. Cleaveland. 

3. Elections : Rev. Mr. Burroughs, Rev. Mr. Edson, Mr. 
T. L. Ogden and Mr. Edw;irds Johnson. 

4. Unfinished Business : Rev. Dr. Beasley, Rev. Mr. 
Stone, Mr. Cumings and Mr. Gibson. 

5. Expenses : Rev. Dr. Rudd and Mr. Meredith. 

6. Consecration of Bishops : Rev. Dr. Gadsden, Rev. 
Dr; Croswell, Rev. Dr. Ducachet, Rev. Mr. Blauchard, 
Mr. Jay, Mr. Meredith, Mr. Colston and Mr. Hogg. 

7. State of the Church : Rev. Mr. Clap, Rev. Mr. Bur 
roughs, Rev. Mr. Nash, Rev. Mr. Baury, Rev. Dr. Whea- 
ton, Rev. Mr. Hull, Rev. Mr. Croes, Rev. Dr. Wainwright, 
Rev. Dr. Mead, Rev. Mr. Prestman, Rev. Mr. McElhiney, 
Rev. Dr. Ducachet, Rev. Mr. Avery, Rev. Mr. Gibbes, Rev. 
Mr. Neufviile, Rev. Mr. Sparrow, Key. Mr. Weller. 

A Journal of the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the State of Alabama was laid before the House 
by Dr. Croswell, with a request that the said Church be re 
ceived into union with this Convention. 

Resolved, That, the said Journal be referred to a Com 
mittee. The Rev. Dr. Croswell and Mr. Meredith were 
appointed, and having subsequently reported, it was moved 
and carried, that the subject be recommitted to them. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops ac 
companying a letter enclosing certain resolutions touching 






1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 357 

the Theological Seminary of the Diocese of Ohio, and in 
forming this House that the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen was 
appointed a Committee of Conference on the part of the 
House of Bishops ; whereupon the Rev. Dr. Rudd and Mr. 
P. A. Jay were appointed a Committee on the part of this 
House. 

The Rev. Mr. Sparrow presented certain documents and 
testimonials from the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio, 
relative to the election of the Rev. C. P. Mcllvaine, D. D., 
as Bishop of the Diocese, which, on motion, were referred 
to the. Standing Committee on Consecrations. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops 
accompanying certain resolutions, touching a relinquish- 
ment of the Episcopal charge in the Diocese of Ohio, and 
inviting this House to concur in the appointment of a joint 
Committee on the subject ; whereupon it was Resolved, 
That this House do concur in the appointment of a joint 
Committee and Drs. De Lancey, Lyell and Crocker, of the 
Clergy, and Messrs. Beach, Duer and Donaldson, of the Laity, 
were appointed such Committee, on the part of this House. 

The Rev. Mr. Bronson presented certain documents and 
testimonials relative to the election of the Rev. John H. 
Hopkins, D. D., as Bishop of the Diocese of Vermont ; 
which, on motion, were referred to the Standing Committee 
on the Consecration of Bishops. 

Dr. Cooke laid before the House- certain documents and 
testimonials relative to Jhe election of the Rev. Benj. B. 
Smith, D. D., as Bishop of the Diocese of Kentucky. On 
motion, they were referred to the same Committee. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House, that they had on their part appointed 
the Right Rev. the senior Bishop, together with Right Rev. 
Bishops Brownell and Meade, on the joint Committee to 
whom the resolutions touching the relinquishment of the 
Episcopal charge in the Diocese of Ohio are referred. 

The Secretary presented the account of the New York 
Protestant Episcopal Press for printing the Journal, docu 
ments, &c. of the Convention of 1829 : which, on motion, 
was referred to the Committee on Expenses. 

The Committee appointed at the last General Conven 
tion on the " Revision of the Canons," presented the fol 
lowing report, together with 150 printed copies of the 



358 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

" Revised Canons/' for the information of the members of 
this House. 

The Committee on the Canons respectfully report, 
That they have revised the existing code, and having 
made such alterations as the state of the Church appeared 
to require, they present the whole in the form and order 
which they deem most expedient. The only remark with 
which the Committee think it necessary to accompany their 
report is this, that they have prosecuted the revision under 
great disadvantages, several of the members having been 
unable to attend at any time, and few of them having been 
able to consult with each other at the same place ; a disad 
vantage that perhaps attends all committees as large as the 
present, whose members are taken from different Dioceses. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 
JACKSON KEMPER, 
HORACE BINNEY, 
JOHN B. ECCLESTON, 
October, 1832. HARRY CROSWELL. 

On motion, Resolved, That the above report, together 
with the code of Revised Canons, as presented by the Com 
mittee, be referred to a committee of five Clerical and five 
Lay members. 

The Rev. Drs. Croswell, Crocker, Rudd, De Lancey, 
Gadsden, and Messrs. Meredith, Newton, Hogg, Cooke a-nd 
A. Jones, were accordingly appointed. 

The House adjourned. 



FRIDAY, October 19, 1832. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. Morning 
Prayer was read by the President, the Rev. Dr. Wyatt. 

The Rev. Dr. Judd and Samuel H. Huntingdon, Esq., 
Deputies from Connecticut, appeared and took their seats. 
The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read and 
appoved. 

On motion, Resolved, That a committee of two be ap 
pointed by this House to confer with a committee of the 
House of Bishops, in relation to the accommodation of the 
Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society with reasonable 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 359 

time for the despatch of their business, and to the designa 
tion of some time at which this Convention will adjourn for 
the above purpose. The Rev. Dr. Montgomery and Edward 
Tuckerman, Esq., were appointed accordingly. 

On motion, Resolved, That inasmuch as there are no 
Clerical Deputies present from Kentucky and Mississippi, a 
Lay Delegate from each of those Dioceses be added to the 
Committee on the State of the Church. 

Dr. Cooke, of Kentucky, and Mr. Foote, of Mississippi, 
were appointed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops con 
curring in the resolution passed yesterday by this House, re 
lative to the times of the daily meeting and adjournment of 
the Convention. 

A message was received from the same House, communi 
cating for concurrence a resolution passed by them in rela 
tion to the printing, and the distribution in the pews, of the 
Prayer to be used at the sittings of the General Convention. 
This House concurred in the said resolution, and the Secre 
tary was directed to take the necessary steps to carry it into 
effect. 

The Rev. Mr. Croes presented certain testimonials and 
documents relative to the election of the Rev. George W. 
Doane as Bishop of the Diocese of New Jersey, which, on 
motion, were referred to the Committee on Consecrations. 

Mr. Jay, from the Committee appointed to confer with a 
Committee from the House of Bishops in relation to the 
Theological Seminary of the Diocese of Ohio, presented a re 
port which having been read, on motion, was referred for fur 
ther consideration to a committee of this House. 

The Rev. Dr. Rudd, the Rev. Dr. Montgomery, and Messrs. 
Jay and Collett were appointed accordingly. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this House that they had received and approved 
the above report. 

The House of Bishops transmitted to this House an ex 
tract from their minutes, touching the reference of the Re 
vised Canons to a joint Committee of the present Conven 
tion, and informing this House that they had appointed on 
their part, the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, together with 
Bishops Bowen, and Onderdonk of Pennsvlvania. Resolv 
ed, That this House concur with the H'ouse of Bishops, 



360 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

and that the Committee on Canons already appointed, form 
such joint Committee on the part of the House. 

The House of Bishops made known to this House by mes 
sage their concurrence in the resolutions respecting the ac 
commodation of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Soci 
ety, and the appointment on their part as a joint Commit 
tee, the Eight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, of New York, and 
Bishop Ives. 

Dr. De Lancey from the joint Committee to whom wns re 
ferred the preamble and resolution from the House of Bish 
ops, in relation to the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge 
of the Diocese of Ohio, by the Right Rev. Bishop Chase, pre 
sented the report of that Committee. 

NEW YORK, October 19th, 1832. 

The joint Committee to whom was referred trie-preamble 
and resolution from the House of Bishops, in relation to the 
relinquishment of the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of 
Ohio, by the Right Rev. Bishop Chase, beg leave respectfully 
to report, 

That they have had before them the original letter of the 
Right Rev. Bishop Chase, dated the 9th of September, 1831, 
and addressed to the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio, de 
claring his resignation of the Episcopate of the said Diocese ; 
and also a certified copy of a resolution of the Convention of 
Ohio, accepting the said resignation. 

The Committee have also received satisfactory testimony, 
that previous to the 5th of September, 1832, the Right Rev. 
Bishop Chase had sold his estate in Ohio, and had purchased 
a tract of land in the Territory of Michigan ; and that by 
his Attorney, B. M. Atherton, Esq., he had declared to (he 
Trustees of Kenyon College, that he was no longer a resident 
of Ohio, but had fixed his domicil in Michigan. It also ap 
peared by the testimony of Mr. Samuel Chase, that on the 
19th of September last, the Bishop and his family passed 
through Cleaveland in Ohio, on their removal to the Michi 
gan Territory. Without entering into the discussion of the 
abstract right of a Bishop to resign his Episcopal jurisdic 
tion, and without considering the question as to what body 
such resignation should be tendered, the Committee beg 
leave to recommend to the Convention the adoption of the 
following resolution. 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Philander Chase, by his 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 361 

letter of resignation addressed to the Ohio Convention, and 
by his removal from that State to the Territory of Michigan, 
has effectually renounced and relinquished his Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio, and that the Episcopacy of 
the said Diocese was in fact vacant previous to the 5th of 
September, 1832. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 
Bv order of the Committee, 

WILLIAM WHITE, CHAIRMAN. 

On motion, Kesolved, That this report be made the or 
der of the day for Monday next, at 12 o'clock. 

Resolved, That the Secretary cause 250 copies of the 
report to be printed for the use of the House. 

The following resolution was then offered and seconded : 
Resolved, That the Secretary of this Convention be direct 
ed to procure from the joint Committee appointed to inquire 
into the facts touching the relinquishment of the Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio by Bishop Chase, or from 
any other persons, the letter of resignation of Bishop Chase 
referred to in the report of said Committee, and the printed 
proceedings of the Convention of Ohio relating to that re 
linquishment, or any other documents. 

A motion was made to postpone the consideration of the 
above resolution. Lost. 

Moved and carried to amend the resolution by adding af 
ter the words " or any other documents," in the last line, the 
following, " referred to in the report of the Committee." 
The resolution, as amended, was then passed. 

The House adjourned. 



SATURDAY, October 20, 1832. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning Prayer was read by Rev. Abraham Bronson, of 
Vermont. 

The Rev. Dr. Spencer, a Clerical Delegate from Mary 
land, appeared and took his seat. 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read 
and approved. 

Leave of absence, on account of sickness in his family, 
was granted to the Rev. Mr. Prestman, of Delaware. 






362 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 1832.] 

The Committee on the application of the Diocese of Al 
abama to be admitted into union with this Convention, of 
fered the following preamble and resolution to the consider 
ation of the House : 

Whereas, it appears by satisfactory documents laid before 
this House, that the Church in the State of Alabama has 
been regularly organized as a Diocese ; that two Conven 
tions have been held ; that a Constitution has been adopted 
by which the Church accedes to the authority of, and recog 
nizes and adopts the Constitution and Canons of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the United States, and that Del 
egates were elected at the last annual Convention of said 
Diocese to attend the present session of this Convention ; 
therefore, Resolved, if the House of Bishops concur therein, 
That the Church in" the State of Alabama be received 
into union with the General Convention. 

HARRY CROSWELL, CHAIRMAN. 

The report was accepted, and the accompanying resolu 
tion passed and sent to the House of Bishops. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business submitted the fol 
lowing report, which was ordered to lie on the table : 

The Committee appointed to make report upon the unfin 
ished business of the last General Convention, inform the 
House that they have examined the Journal of the last 
Convention, and that the following particulars recorded 
therein remain unfinished : 

1. The report of the Committee consisting of three Bish 
ops, four Clergymen and four Laymen, in reference to the 
resolutions of a former joint Committee on the Psalms in 
metre, is to be presented to the present Convention. See 
page 70. 

2. A resolution adopted by the last Convention, in which 
the House of Bishops are respectfully requested to set forth 
a Form of Prayer to be used at the sittings of the General 
Convention. See page 27. 

3. A report to be made to this Convention by the Com 
mittee upon the Canons, which was continued from the last 
Convention to the present. 

4. A resolution which directed the Secretary of the Gen 
eral Convention to write to the Secretaries of each State or 
Diocesan Convention, and request that a special assessment 
of twenty-five cents for each clergyman be collected and 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 363 

remitted to the said Secretary, for the purpose of paying the 
debt now due from the General Convention. See page 73 
of the Journal. 

FREDERICK BEASLEY, CHAIRMAN. 

The Delegates from the several Dioceses were called on to 
report such documents as they had to present agreeably to 
the 45th canon of 1808, and to lay the same on the Secre 
tary's table : they were also called upon for the quota re 
quired by a resolution of the Convention of 1823, toward 
the expenses of the Convention. 

The documents which were presented were referred to the 
Committee on the State of the Church. 

The Eev. Dr. Mead submitted for the consideration of the 
House, three canons, with the following titles : 

1. On the nomination of Trustees of the General Theo 
logical Seminary. 2. On drafting a report of the State of 
the Church in each Diocese. 3. On the Expenses of the 
General Convention. 

On motion, Resolved, That they be referred to the Com 
mittee on Canons. 

The joint Committee appointed in relation the accommo 
dation of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 
with reasonable time for the despatch of business, &c., pro 
posed to the two Houses the passage of the following reso 
lution : Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns, 
to-day, it will adjourn until Monday at half past 12 o'clock, 
in order to allow time on that morning for the business of 
the Triennial meeting of the Domestic and Foreign Mission 
ary Society, and for the preaching of the Triennial Sermon 
in its behalf. 

Signed by order and in behalf of the Committee. 

BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK, CHAIRMAN. 

The above report was accepted by the House. 

The House of Bishops informed this House by message, 
that they had passed the resolution reported by the joint 
Committee in relation to the above subject, and requested 
the concurrence of this House. 

The House, on motion, concurred with the House of Bish 
ops, and notice thereof was sent to that House. 

Dr. Rudd, from the Committee on the report of the joint 
Committee, touching the resolutions of the Convention of 



364 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Ohio, relating to the Theological Seminary in that Diocese, 
made the following report : 

The Committee to whom was referred the report hereto 
fore made by the joint Committee of both Houses concern 
ing certain resolutions of the Convention of the Diocese of 
Ohio, respectfully report, 

That by an act of the General Assembly of the State of 
Ohio, passed the 29th of December, 1824, the Theological 
Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Dio 
cese of Ohio was duly incorporated ; and it was thereby 
enacted that the Trustees of the said Seminary and their 
successors under the constitution thereof as then establish 
ed, or as the same should be thereafter altered or amended, 
should have the care and management of the said Seminary, 
and should have power, in conformity with the provisions 
of the constitution of said Seminary, to make laws and or 
dinances for the good government of the same. The Com 
mittee are not acquainted with any thing material relating 
to this subject beside the above mentioned act and the state 
ments contained in the report of the joint Committee. 

Whether the General Convention will ever interfere to 
annul the acts of the Trustees of the Seminary, it is for the 
Convention itself to decide. But this Committee agree 
with the joint Committee in the opinion, that the General 
Convention cannot at present comply with the request of 
the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio. 

JOHN C. RUDD, Chairman. 
PETER AUGUSTUS JAY, 

October 20, 1832. MARK W. COLLETT. 

Whereupon it was Resolved, That this House non-con- 
cur with the House of Bishops in the joint resolution receiv 
ed from them. 

Resolved, If the House of Bishops concur therein, that 
this Convention cannot at present comply with the request 
of the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio ; and this without 
intending hereby to accept or to refuse the authority which 
by the 7th section of the constitution of the Theological 
Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese 
of Ohio is conferred on this Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that they 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 365 

had concurred in passing the resolution for the admission of 
the Diocese of Alabama into union with the General Con 
vention. Whereupon the Eev. Norman Pinney and Mr. 
Samuel St. John, Jr., having produced testimonials of their 
respective appointments as Deputies from said Diocese, took 
their seats in the House. 

The Committee on the Psalms in Metre, presented the fol 
lowing report, which was ordered to be laid upon the table. 

The joint Committee of the House of Bishops and of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, appointed at the Gen 
eral Convention in 1829, on the Psalms in Metre, report a se 
lection from the Psalms of David in Metre, and propose the 
following resolutions for the adoption of the Convention : 

Resolved, That the Selection from the Psalms of David, 
as reported by the Committee be adopted and set forth to be 
used in the congregations of this Church, instead of the whole 
Book of Psalms as now used. 

Resolved, That the title be as follows : 

Psalms in Metre, selected from the Psalms of David ; with 
Hymns, suited to the Feasts and Fasts of the Church, and 
other occasions of Public Worship. 

Resolved, That the following form of ratification be pre 
fixed to the same : 

" By the Bishops, the Clergy, and the Laity of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in 
Convention, this day of October, in the year of our 

Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, 

" This Book of Psalms in Metre, selected from the Psalms 
of David, with Hymns, is set forth, and allowed to be sung 
in all Congregations of the said Church, before and after 
Morning aud Evening Prayer, and also before and after Ser 
mons, at the discretion of the Minister. 
. "And it shall be the duty of everyMinister of any Church, 
either by standing directions, or from time to time, to ap 
point the portions of Psalms which are to be sung. 

Aud " further, it shall be the duty of every Minister, with 
such assistance as he can obtain from persons skilled in music, 
to give order concerning the tunes to be sung at any time in 
his Church: And especially, it shall be his duty to suppress 
all li^ht and unseemly music, and all indecency and irrever 
ence in the performance ; by which vain and ungodly per 
sons profane the service of the Sanctuary." 



366 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The Committee further state, that according to the reso 
lution of the last Convention, they printed and circulated 
this report one year at least before the present session. 

The Convention will observe, that the Psalms in the ap 
pendix to the selection are not designed to be embraced in 
the first resolution herein proposed ; but will require for 
their adoption a special decision of the Convention. 

WILLIAM WHITE, 
BIRD WILSON, 
JACKSON KEMPER, 

WILLIAM MEREDITH, 

SAM'L J. DONALDSON, 
New York, Oct, 18, 1832. SAM'L H. TURNER. 

The Rev. Dr. De Lancey offered the following report from 
the minority of the joint Committee appointed on the sub 
ject of the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge of the 
Diocese of Ohio. 

NEW YORK, October 20, 1832. 

The Minority in the joint Committee on the subject of 
Bishop Chase's rumored relinquishment of the Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio, constituting one half of the 
Committee appointed by this House, concurring with the 
majority of the joint Committee in the general statement of 
facts reported to the Convention, but not concurring in the 
opinion expressed or implied in the said report, beg leave re 
spectfully to present their judgment on the matters brought 
before them in joint Committee. 

The minority are of opinion that the adoption of the fol 
lowing resolutions will constitute the wisest and safest 
measures to be taken in the premises : 

Resolved, the House of Bishops concurring, That in the 
opinion of this Convention, it is expedient that the House 
of Bishops should address a Pastoral Letter to the Diocese 
of Ohio, and a fraternal communication to the Right Rev. 
Philander Chase, with a view to healing the existing sepa 
ration between Bishop Chase and the Diocese of Ohio. 

Resolved, That until such a step shall have been taken, 
this Convention ought not to sanction, by any act, the ex 
isting separation of Bishop Chase from the Diocese of Ohio. 

Resolved, That, as the Diocese of Ohio has been without 
Episcopal services since September 9th, 1831, and is at 



[1832. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 367 

present destitute of the same, it is the opinion of this Con 
vention, that unless the existing separation between Bishop 
Chase and the Diocese of Ohio be settled by a re-union of 
the said parties before the first day of May next, the Stand 
ing Committees of the different Dioceses ought to sanction 
the election of any qualified clergyman who may be elected to 
the office of Bishop of the Diocese of Ohio, after that date. 

Resolved, That any canon passed by this Convention 
touching the subject of the resignation of Bishops, shall not 
be construed to apply to the existing separation of Bishop 
Chase from Ohio. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

WILLAM H. DE LANCEY, 
THOMAS LYELL, 
SAMUEL J. DONALDSON, 

Ordered, that the report be laid upon the table, and that 
250 copies be printed for the use of the House. 

The Rev. Dr. Mead asked permission to lay before the 
House certain amendments of the 2d article of the Consti 
tution of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States. 

The proposed amendments having been read, it was on 
motion Resolved, That 150 copies of them be printed, to 
gether with the original article, in contiguous columns. 

The report of the Committee on the Psalms in metre was 
on motion taken up. 

After debate had thereupon, a motion for indefinite post 
ponement was moved and seconded. Whereupon a motion 
lor adjournment was moved and carried. 

The House adjourned. 



MONDAY, October 22, 1832. 

The House attended Divine service in St. John's Chapel, 
on occasion of the Triennial meeting of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Beasley of New 
Jersey, and the Triennial Sermon was preached before the 
Society, by the Right Rev. the senior Bishop. 



368 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

After service the House assembled. The minutes of the 
proceedings of Saturday were read and approved. 

On motion, the House proceeded to the order of 'the day 
upon the report of the joint Committee, to whom was re 
ferred the preamble and resolution from the House of Bish 
ops, in relation to the relinquishment of the Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio, by the Right Rev. Bishop 
Chase. Whereupon, on motion, the report of a minority 
of the joint Committee, and all the documents which were 
before the Committee were read by the Secretary. After 
debate had thereupon, a message was received from the 
House of Bishops, informing this House that they had pass 
ed the following resolution : 

Resolved, That this House recede from its resolution on 
the subject of the resolutions from the Convention of Ohio, 
and concur in the resolutions from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The House adjourned. 



TUESDAY, October 23, 1832. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Gadsden of 
South Carolina. The minutes of the proceedings yesterday 
were read and approved. 

On motion, the order of the day was suspended to allow 
the Committee on Consecrations an opportunity of report 
ing. Whereupon the Rev. Dr. Gadsden, as chairman of 
that Committee, presented the following report : 

The Committee on the Consecration of Bishops respect 
fully report, 

That from the documents referred to them, it appears that 
the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
State of Vermont, consisting of more than six Clergymen 
duly settled in that State, and entitled to vote in the elec 
tion of a Bishop, have, with the consent of the Bishop of the 
Eastern Diocese, and also with the consent of the Conven 
tion of the Eastern Diocese, and the consent of the Conven 
tion of the Church in each of the States composing that 
Diocese, erected the said State of Vermont into an independ 
ent Diocese, and have duly elected the Rev. John H. Hopkins, 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERA.L CONVENTION 369 

D. D., to be Bishop of the Diocese of Vermont. And the 
Committee further report : That the testimonials of the 
said John H. Hopkins, D. D., are regular and in due form ; 
they therefore recommend the following resolution : Resolv 
ed, That this House recognize the separation of the Dio 
cese of Vermont from the Eastern Diocese, and that they 
now proceed to sign the testimonials in favor of the Rev. 
John H. Hopkins, D. D., Bishop elect of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Vermont. 

On the documents from Kentucky, the Committee report, 
That there is satisfactory evidence that the said Diocese had 
six officiating Presbyters residing therein, at the time of the 
election, who were qualified to vote for a Bishop ; that a 
majority of all the Presbyters in the Diocese concurred in 
the election as their Bishop of the Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, 
D. D. ; that he has been duly elected by the Convention of 
the said Diocese, and that the Testimonial in his favor re 
quired by the 3d canon, signed by the Clerical and Lay 
members of the Convention, is regular and in due form ; 
they therefore recommend that the House now proceed to 
sign the testimonial in favor of the Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, 
D. D., Bishop elect of the Diocese of Kentucky. 

The documents from Ohio were not opened, the Commit 
tee having resolved to postpone their consideration. 

C. E. GADSDEN, Chairman. 

On motion, the above report was laid upon the table, and 
the House resumed the consideration of the order of the 
day upon the report and resolutions of the joint Committee, 
relative to the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge iu 
Ohio, by Bishop Chase. 

A motion was made to strike out all that follows the 
word resolved, and substitute the resolutions of the minority 
of the Committee. 

After debate thereon, the hour of adjournment having ar 
rived, a motion was made to adjourn, which motion was 
suspended to allow the President an opportunity of substi 
tuting in the Committee on the State of the Church, the 
Rev. Mr. Holcomb, in the place of the Rev. Mr. Hull, ab 
sent on account of sickness, and the Rev. Mr. Pardee in place 
of the Rev. Mr. Prestman, absent by permission. The Rev. 
Mr. Pinney, from the Diocese of Alabama, was added to 
the Committee. 



370 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The Secretary laid before the House certain documents 
from the Territory of Michigan, with a request that the 
Church in said Territory be received into union with this 
Convention. On motion, Resolved, That the said docu 
ments be referred to a Committee. The Rev. Dr. Croswell 
and Mr. Meredith were appointed. 

On motion, Resolved, That the consideration of the re 
port and resolutions of the joint Committee, on the subject 
of the Diocese of Ohio, be made the order of the day for 
to-morrow, at 10 o'clock. 

The House adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, October 24, 1832. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Spencer of 
Maryland. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

On motion, the order of the day was suspended to enable 
the Committee, to whom the documents from Michigan had 
be< j n referred, to report. 

Dr. Croswell, from the Committee, offered a report and 
resolution, which were ordered to be laid upon the table. 

The Secretary laid upon the table the Triennial report of 
the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, which, on 
motion, was referred to the Standing Committee on the said 
Society. 

The Secretary laid on the table the following report of 
the late Secretary, on receipts and expenditures, which, on 
motion, was referred to the Committee on Expenses. 

The subscriber, the Secretary of the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties in the last General Convention, respectfully submits an account 
of his official receipts and expenditures. 
Received on account of assessment on the Dioceses of 75 cents for each 

Clergyman, 

From New Hampshire, $6.00 Brought up, $147.50 

From Massachusetts, 25.00 From Virginia, 30.00 

From Vermont, 5.25 From North Carolina, 9.00 

From Rhode Island, 4.50 From South Carolina, 26.25 

From New Jersey, 15.00 From Georgia, 2.50 

From Pennsylvania, 48.75 From Ohio, 10.50 

From Delaware, 3.00 From Connecticut, 44.25 

From Maryland, 40.00 From Mississippi, 2.50 

Carried up, 147.50 $272.50 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 371 

Amount brought forward, - - $272.50 

Received from the Committee on Psalms and Hymns, agreeably 
to a resolution on page 31 of the Journal of the last Con 
vention, 197.56 
Received under the special assessment for paying back debts, 

agreeably to a resolution at page 73 of last Journal, 
From Massachusetts, - $8.00 

From Maryland, - - 11.25 

From Georgia, - 00.75 

_ 20 - 00 

Total receipts, - $ 490.06 

EXPENDITURES. 

Paid T. & J. Sword's on account of back debt, amount received 
from Psalm and Hymn Committee, - $ 197.56 

Amount received under the special assessment of the 

lant Convention, - - 20.00 

$217.56 

Paid of moneys received for expenses of last Convention, 
New York Protestant Episcopal Press, - 176.75 

Sexton's attendance, arid cash for sundry expenses of last 

Convention, - - 40.00 

Transcribing minutes of do., - 40.00 

Harding's bill for printing, ' - 15,75 

_272.5p 

Total amount of Expenditures, - $ 490.06 

The late Secretary further reports, that a printed notice of the special 

assessment laid by the last Convention was sent by him, agreeably to 

the directions of the House, to the Secretary of the Convention of eacli 

Diocese. 

Respectfully submitted, 

BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK. 
NEW YORK, October 23, 1832. 

The House then proceeded to the order of the day on the 
report and resolution of the joint Committee, in reference 
to the relinquishment of the Episcopate of Ohio. 

After debate thereupon, it was moved and carried, that 
when the House adjourns, it adjourns to meet at 7 o'clock 
this evening. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, trans 
mitting a copy of the Triennial report of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society. Ordered to be laid upon the 
table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, pro 
posing to this House certain resolutions as a substitute for 
those proposed by the Committee on the Psalms in metre. 



372 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Ordered that the resolutions be laid upon the table, and 150 
copies thereof be printed.* 

The House adjourned. 

Seven o'clock, P, M. 

The House assembled. 

Leave was granted, on motion, to the Chairman of the 
Committee to whom had been referred the documents from 
Michigan, to withdraw said documents. 

The House, on motion, proceeded to the order of the day. 

Whereupon the debate was resumed until a motion was 
made and carried, that the House adjourn until to-morrow 
morning, at 9 o'clock. 

The House adjourned. 



THURSDAY, October 25, 1832. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Grammar of 
Virginia. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and 
approved. 

Dr. Croswell, the Chairman of the Committee upon the 
documents from Michigan, moved that the said Committee be 
discharged from further consideration of the subject : carried. 

On motion, Resolved, That the above documents be re 
ferred to a Committee of three. 

Dr. Gadsden, Mr. Meredith and Mr. Nicklin were accord 
ingly appointed. 

The House, on motion, proceeded to the order of the day. 

After debate had thereon, it was moved and carried, that 
when the House adjourns, it adjourns to meet to-morrow 
morning at 9 o'clock. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that they had adopted an alteration in 
the Constitution of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 
Society, and requesting the concurrence of this House. On 
motion, Resolved, That this House do concur with the 
House of Bishops in the adoption of said alteration. "j" 

* See Journal of the House of Bishops. 
f See Journal of the House of Bishops. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 373 

The Rev. Mr. Goodman asked and received leave of ab 
sence for the remainder of the session. 
The House adjourned. 



FRIDAY, October 26, 1832. 

The House assembled. Morning Prayer was read by the 
Rev. Mr. Avery of North Carolina. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and 
approved. 

The report of the Trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary was received, read and referred to the Standing 
Committee on said Seminary. 

The Rev. Dr. Gudsden, from the Committee to whom was 
referred the documents from the Cliurch in the Territory of 
Michigan, presented the following report, which was ordered 
to be laid upon the table. 

The Committee to whom was referred the documents 
from Michigan bring to the view of the Convention the fol 
lowing facts : 

In the fifth article of the Constitution of our Church it 
is said: " A Protestant Episcopal Church in any of the Unit 
ed States may be admitted, &c.. on acceding to this Consti 
tution." In the minutes of the Convention of Michigan is 
the following resolution : " The Convention recognize the 
General Constitution and Canons of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States as binding upon the Church 
in this Diocese." They also passed the following Canon : 
"Every Congregation shall be entitled to a representation 
in the Convention, who shall exhibit to the same evidence 
that they have organized themselves into a society or Church 
in connection with the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States of America, by acknowledging their ohliga- 
tiou to conform to the Constitution and Canons of the Gen 
eral Convention, and who have elected Wardens and Ves 
trymen, &c." 

The Committee submit these facts, and leave the Con 
vention to decide whether Michigan has sufficiently acceded 
to the Constitution of our Church, and ought to be received 
into our confederacy or not. 

C. E. GADSDEN, Chairman. 



374 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The following resolutions were then laid upon the table 
by Mr. Meredith : 

1. Kesolved, That it is consistent with the meaning and 
spirit of the Constitution of the Church, and expedient, 
aUo, to consider the Territories of the United .States as 
within the scope of its provisions, and the Churches in the 
same admissible into union in the same manner as Churches 
in the States. 

2. Kesolved, That, in the opinion of this Convention, it 
is highly proper and expedient, that the declaration of ac 
cession to this Church, and the acknowledgment of the au 
thority of its Constitution and canons should appear in the 
Constitution of any Church applying to be received into 
union ; but as there is exhibited from Michigan a resolu 
tion and a canon of co temporary date with the Constitution, 
and believed to be considered as forming one act with it on 
the part of its Convention, and as so intended by that body, 
therefore, Resolved, That the documents exhibited appear 
ing to be in order, the Church in Michigan be received into 
this union, and that their deputies be admitted to seats in 
this Convention ; with the expectation that the omission 
in the Constitution referred to will be supplied, but that 
this case ought not to be drawn into precedent. 

Mr. Walcott asked and obtained leave of absence for the 
remainder of the session. 

The House on motion proceeded to the order of the day. 
Whereupon, the debate having been resumed, it was moved 
that the consideration of the subject be suspended, in order 
to have a message read from the House of Bishops. The 
motion was lost. 

The debate having then been renewed, it was moved and 
carried, that when this House adjourns, it adjourns until 
this evening at 7 o'clock. 

A motion was made that the House do now adjourn. Lost. 

The previous question was then moved and seconded : 
" Shall the main question be now put?" and carried in the 
affirmative. The main question was then put : " Shall the 
resolution proposed by the majority of the joint Committee 
pass ?" when the Ayes and Noes, by Orders and by States, 
being called for, stood as follows : 

MAINE. Clergy. Messrs. Muenscher and Clap, Aye. Laity. Messrs. 
Chamberlain and Pratt, Aye. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 375 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Clergy. Mr. Burroughs, No. Laity. Mr. "Wat 
son, No. 

VERMONT. Clergy. Messrs. Bronson, Chase, Chapman, Nash, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Cleaveland, Ide and Purdy, Aye. 

MASSACHUSETTS. Clergy. Messrs. Edson, West, Stone and Baury, 
Aye. Laity. Messrs. Newton, Crocker and Tnckerman, Aye. 

RHODE ISLAND. Clergy. Messrs Crocker, Bristed and Tuft, Aye. 
Lsiity. Mr. Jonef, Aye. 

CONNECTICUT. Clergy. Mr. Jndd, Aye. Messrs. Croswell and Hol- 
comb, No. Laity. Mr. Beach, Aye. Mr. Johnson, No. 

NEW YORK. Clergy. Messrs. Lyell and "Wainwright, Aye. Messrs. 
Rndd and Anthon, No. Laity. Messrs. Duer, Warren, Jay and Og- 
den, Aye. 

NEW JERSEY. Clergy. Mr. Dunn, Aye. Messrs. Croes and Beasley, 
No. Laity. Mr. Stratton, Aye. Mr. Collett, No. 

PENNSYLVANIA. Clergy. Mr. Bowman, Aye. Messrs. Montgomery, 
De Lnncey and Mead, No. Laity. Mr. Meredith, Aye. Messrs. Stiles 
and Nicklin, No. 

DELAWARE. Clergy. Messrs Prestinan and Pardee, No. Laity. 
Messrs. Cnmings and Mansfield, No. 

MARYLAND. Clergy. Messrs. Wyatt, Spencer, McElhiney, Blanch- 
ard, No. Laity. Messrs. Veazey, Donaldson and Gibson, No. 

VIRGINIA. Clergy. Messrs. Ducachet, Jackson and Grammar, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Colston and Williams, Aye. 

NORTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Green, Freeman and Avery, No. 
Laity. Messrs. Hogg and Winslow. No. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Gadaden and Gibbe, No. Laity. 
Mr. Heyward, No. 

GEORGIA. Clergy. Mr. Neufville, Aye. 

OHIO. Clergy. Messrs. Sparrow and Bausman, Aye. 

KENTUCKY. Laity. Mr. Cooke, Aye. 

MISSISSIPPI. Laity. Mr. Foote, No. 

TENNESSEE. Clergy. Mr. Weller, No. 

ALABAMA. Clergy. Mr. Pinney, Aye. Laity. Mr. St. John, Aye. 

So, there not appearing a concurrence of both orders, the 
question was determined in the negative. 
The House adjourned. , 

7 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met. 

A message from the House of Bishops in reference to the re- 
linquishment of the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of Ohio 
by Bishop Chase, was read and ordered to be laid upon the 
table. 

The Kev. Mr. De Lancey moved that the House do adopt 
the resolutions proposed by the minority of the joint Com 
mittee. The motion being seconded, tlie previous question 



376 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

was moved and seconded : " Shall the main question be 
now put on the resolutions of the minority ?" and carried. 
The main question was then put : " Shall these resolu 
tions pass ?" when the Ayes and Noes, by Orders and by 
States, being called for, stood as follows : 

MAINE. Clergy. Messrs. Muenscher and Clap, No. Laity. Messrs. 
Chamberlain and Pratt, No. 

NEW HAMPSHIEE. Clergy. Mr. Burroughs, Aye. Laity. Mr. Wat 
son. Aye. 

VERMONT. Clergy. Messrs. Bronson, Chaptnan and Nash, No. La 
ity. Messrs. Cleaveland, Ide and Pnrdy, No. 

MASSACHUSETTS. Clergy. Messrs. Edson, West, Stone, Baury, No. 
Laity. Messrs. Newton and Tuckerman, No. 

RHODE ISLAND. Ciergy. Mr. Wheaton, Aye. Messrs. Bristed and 
Taft, No. Laity. Mr. Jones, No. 

CONNECTICUT. Clergy. Messrs. Croswell and Holcomb, Aye. Mr. 
Judd, No. Laity. Mr. Johnson, Aye. Mr. Beach No. 

NEW YORK. Clergy. Messrs. Lyell, Eudd and Anthon, Aye. Mr. 
Wainwright, No. Laity. Messrs. Duer, Jay and Ogden, No. 

NEW JERSEY. Clergy. Messrs. Croes and Beasley, Aye. Mr. Dunn, 
No. Laity. Mr. Collett, Aye. Mr. Stratton, No. 

PENNSYLVANIA.. Clergy. Messrs Montgomery, De Lancey and Mead, 
Aye. Mr. Bowman, No. Laity. Mr. Meredith, No. Messrs. Stiles and 
Nicklin, Aye. 

DELAWARE. Clergy. Messrs. Pres-tman and Pardee, Aye. Laity. 
Messrs Cumings and Mansfield, Aye. 

MARYLAND. Clergy. Messrs. Wyatt, Spencer, McEIhiney and 
Blanchard, Aye. Laity. Messrs. Veazey, Donaldson and Gibson, Aye. 

VIRGINIA. Clergy. Messrs. Ducachet, Jackson and Grammar, No. 
Laity. Messrs. Colston and Williams, No. 

NORTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Green, Avery and Freeman, Aye. 
Laity. Messr-. Hogg and Winslow, Aye. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Gadsden and Gibbes, Aye. La 
ity. Mr. Hey ward, No. 

GEORGIA. Clergy. Mr. Nenfville, No. 

OHIO. Clergy. Messrs. Sparrow and Bausman, No. 

KENTUCKY. Laity. Mr. Cooke, No. 

MISSISSIPPI. Laity. Mr. Foote, Aye. 

TENNESSEE. Clergy. Mr. Weller, Aye. 

ALABAMA. Clergy. Mr. Pinney, No. Laity. Mr. St. John, No. 

So, there not appearing a concurrence of both orders, the 
question was determined in the negative. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session was 
granted to the Rev. Mr. Judd. 

The House adjourned. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 377 

SATURDAY, October 27, 1832. 

The House assembled. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Crocker, of 
Rhode Island. 

The minutes of the proceedings of yesterday were read 
and approved. 

A message from the House of Bishops, proposing certain 
alterations and amendments to the Canons was read, and 
ordered to be printed. 

The Committee on Consecrations presented the following 
reports, which, on motion, were laid upon the table. 

The Commjttee on Consecrating Bishops report that the 
documents from Ohio, relative to the election to the Episco 
pate of that, Diocese, and the Testimonials of the Rev. 
Charles P. Mcllvaine, D. D., are in all respects canonical. 
They therefore recommend the following resolution : Re 
solved, That the House do now proceed to sign the Tes 
timonial required by the 3d canon, in favor of the Rev. 
Charles P. Mcllvaine. 

October 27, 1832. C. E. GADSDEN, Chairman. 

The Committee on Consecrating Bishops report that the 
documents from New Jersey relative to the election to the 
Episcopate of that Diocese, and the Testimonials of the 
Rev. George Washington Doane are in all respects canon 
ical. They therefore recommend the following resolution : 
Resolved, That this House do now proceed to sign the 
Testimonial required by the 3d canon of 1808, in favor of 
the Rev. G. W. Doane. 

October 27, 1832. C. E. GADSDEN", Chairman. 

Mr. Gibbes moved the following resolutions, which were 
seconded : Resolved, That the Right Rev. Philander 
Chase, having relinquished and abandoned the Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio, and removed from the said 
State, this House does consider the Episcopate of Ohio as 
vacant. And whereas, the Diocese of Ohio having, by the 
dereliction of the said Right Rev. P. Chase, been deprived 
of Episcopal services since the 9th day of September, 1831, 
the Convention thereof did, on the 7th day of September, 
1832, by a majority of the voices of the Clergy and of the 
Laity duly assembled, nominate and elect the Rev. Charles 



378 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

P. Mdlvaine as Bishop of the said Diocese ; and the Test 
imonials touching the said election have been duly certified 
to this House, with the view to their taking the necessary 
steps towards the Consecration of the said Rev. C. P. Mcll- 
vaine as Bishop of Ohio, agreeably to the canons, in such 
case made and provided ; and whereas, in the opinion of 
this House the welfare of the Church requires that the 
State of Ohio should not continue longer destitute of the 
services of a Bishop ; Therefore, 

Resolved, That this House will now proceed to consider 
ami sign the Testimonials in behalf of the Rev. Charles P. 
Mcllvaine, as Bishop of Ohio, aforesaid. 

Resolved, That it is not the intention of this House, by 
any proceeding on this occasion, to sanction the principle, 
that a Bishop can resign of his own will, with or without 
the consent of his Diocese. 

After debate had thereupon, the resolutions were ordered 
to be laid upon the table. 

Moved and seconded, that this House do concur with the 
House of Bishops in the adoption of the following resolution, 
contained in the message of October 26th to this House, viz. : 

Resolved, As the sense of this Convention, That the 
Right Rev. Philander Chase, considering himself to have 
resigned the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Ohio, having re 
moved from that State to the Territory of Michigan, and 
renounced the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of Ohio, an 
exigency of the Church in that Diocese has thus been occa 
sioned, and has existed since the 5th of September, 1832, 
for which this Convention see no way in which provision 
can be duly made, but by the consecration of another Bish 
op for that Diocese. 

Whereupon the previous question was moved and sea- 
onded, " Shall the main question be now put ?" and carried 
in the affirmative. 

The main question was then moved, " Shall the resolution 
proposed in the message from the House of Bishops pass ?" 
When the Ayes and Noes, by orders and by States, being 
called for, stood as follow : 

MAINE. Clergy. Messrs. Muenschr r and Clap, Aye. Laity. Messrs. 
Chamberlain arid Pnitt, Aye. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Clergy. Mr. Burroughs, No. Laity. Mr. Wat 
son, No. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 379 

VERMONT. Clergy. Messrs. Bronson, Chase, Chapman, Nash, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Cleavelancl, Ide and Purdy, Aye. 

MASSACHUSETTS. Clergy. Messrs. Edson, West, Stone, Baury, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Newton and Tuckerm;m, Aye. 

CONNECTICUT. Clergy. Mr. Croswell, No. Laity. Mr. Beach, Aye. 

NEW YORK. Clergy. Mr. "Wainwright, Aye. Me=srs. Rudd and An- 
thon, No. Laily. Messrs. Duer, Warren, Jay and Ogden, Aye. 

NEW JERSEY. Clergy. Messrs. Beasley and Dunn, No. Laity. 
Messrs. Stratton and Collett, No. 

PENNSYLVANIA. Clergy. Mr. Bowman, Aye. Messrs. Montgomery, 
De Lancey and Mead, No. Laity. Mr. Meredith, Aye. Messrs. Stiles 
and Nicklin, No. 

DELAWARE. Clergy. Mr. Pardee, No. Laity. Mr. Mansfield, No. 

MARYLAND. Clergy. Messrs. Wyatt, Spencer and McElhiuey, No. 
Laity. Messrs. Donaldson and Gibson, No. 

VIRGINIA. Clergy. Messrs. Ducachet, Jackson and Grammar, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Colston and Williams, Aye. 

NORTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Green, Freeman and Avery, No. 
Laity. Messrs. Hogg and Winslow, No. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Gadsden and Gibbes, No. Laity. 
Mr. Heyward, Aye. 

GEORGIA. Clergy. Mr. Neufville, Aye. 

OHIO. Clergy. Messrs. Sparrow and Bausman, Aye. 

KENTUCKY. Laity. Dr. Cooke, Aye. 

MISSISSIPPI. Laity. Mr. Foote, No. 

TENNESSEE. Clergy. Mr. Weller, No. 

ALABAMA. Clergy. Mr. Pinney, Aye. Laity. Mr. St. John, Aye. 

So, there not appearing a concurrence of both orders, the 
resolution to concur with the House of Bishops was lost. 

Whereupon, on motion, the resolutions offered by Mr. 
Gibbes, and which had been laid upon the table, were taken 
up, and the previous question having been moved and sec 
onded, " Shall the question on these resolutions be now 
put ?" was carried. The main question was then moved, 
" Shall these resolutions pass ?" When the Ayes and Noes 
by orders and by States being called for, stood as follows : 

MAINE Clergy. Messrs. Muenscher and Clap, Aye. Laity. Messrs. 
Chamberlain and Pratt, Aye. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Clergy. Mr. Burroughs, No. Laity. Mr. Wat- 
eon, No. 

VERMONT. Clergy. Messrs. Bronson, Chase, Chapman, Nash, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Cleavelaud, Ide and Purdy, Aye. 

MASSACHUSETTS. Clergv. Messrs. Edson, Stone and Baury, Aye. 
Mr. West, No. Laity. Messrs. Newton and Tuckerman, Aye. 

RHODE ISLAND. Clergy. Messrs. Crocktr, Bristed and Taft, Aye. 
Mr. Whealon, No. Laity. Mr. Jones, Aye. 

CONNECTICUT. Clergy. Mr. Croswell, No. Laity. Mr. Beach, Aye. 



380 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

NEW YORK. Clergy. Mr. "Wainwrlght, Aye. Messrs. Rudd and An- 
tlion, No. Laity. Messrs. Duer, Warren, Jay and Ogden, Aye. 

NEW JERSEY. Clergy. Messrs. Dunn and Beusley. No. Laity. 
Messrs. Stratton and Collett, No. 

PENNSYLVANIA. Clergy. Mr. Bowman, Aye. Messrs. Montgomery, 
De Lancey and Mead, No. Laity. Mr. Meredith, Aye. Messrs. Stiles 
on'! Nicklin, No. 

DELAWARE. Clergy. Mr. Pardee, No. Laity. Mr. M-m-fieM, No. 

MARYLAND. Clergy. Messrs. Wyatt, Spencer and McEllnney, No. 
L:iity. Messrs. Donaldson and Gibson, No. 

VIRGINIA Ciergy. Messrs. Ducachet, Jackson and Grammar, Aye. 
Laity. Messrs. Colston and Williams, Aye. 

NORTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Green, Freeman and Avery, No. 
Lnitv. Messrs. Hogg and Winslow, No. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. Clergy. Messrs. Gadsden and Gibbes, Aye, Lai 
ty. Mr. Ileyward, Aye. 

GEORGIA. Clergy. Mr. Neufville, Aye. 

Onio Clergy. Messrs. Sparrow and B.iusrnan, Aye. 

KENTUCKY. Laity. Dr. Cooke, Aye. 

MISSISSIPPI. Laity. Mr. Foote, No. 

TENNESSEE. Clergy. Mr. Weller, Aye. 

ALABAMA. Clergy. Mr. Pinney, Aye. Laity. Mr. St. John, Aye. 

So, there appearing a concurrence of both orders voting 
by States, the resolutions were carried. 

The canonical Testimonial in favor of the Bev. C. P. 
Mcllvaine, D. D., Bishop elect of the Diocese of Ohio, was 
then signed by a majority of the House, and sent with the 
documents relating to his election, to the House >f Bishops. 

The report of the committee on Consecrations was th< n, 
on motion, taken up, in relation to the documents from New 
Jersey, Kentucky and Vermont, respecting the elections t) 
each of the said Dioceses, and (he resolutions proposed by 
the Committee having been put ?ind carried, the canonical 
Testimonials in favor of the Rev. George W. Doane, Bishop 
elect of the Diocese of New Jersey ; the Rev. Benjamin B. 
Smith, D. D., Bishop elect of the Diocese of Kentucky, and 
the Rev. John II. Hopkins, D. D , Bishop elect of the Dio 
cese of Vermont, were respectively signed by a majority of 
the House, and ordered to be sent with the documents of 
the election % to the House of Bishops. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session was 
granted to Mr. Tuckerman. 

The House adjourned. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 381 

MONDAY, October 29, 1832. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Burroughs of 
NPW Hampshire. 

On motion, Resolved, That the following Certificate be 
subjoined by the Secretary to the Testimonials signed by 
the members of this House in favor of the several Bishops 
elect, and that the same be adopted as the proper form to 
be used in like cases hereafter. 

I do hereby certify that the above Testimonial was signed 
in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, passed in the manner prescribed by the Con 
stitution of this Church and the rules of the said House ; 
and that the signatures affixed to the same are those of a 
majority of the members present and constituting a quo 
rum of this House. 

The resolutions laid upon the table on Friday, in relation 
to the documents from Michigan, were, on motion, taken 
up. and having been amended, were passed and sent to the 
House of Bishops for concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that they were prepared to act on the 
Testimonials of the Bishops elect of Vermont, Kentucky, 
Ohio and New Jersey, as soon as they should be informed 
whether the said testimonials were from a majority of a 
quorum of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. Where 
upon it was ordered, that the Secretary transmit the re 
quisite certificate to the House of Bishops. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Secretary transmit an 
attested copy of the preamble and resolutions adopted by 
this House in the case of Ohio, to the Secretary of the 
Convention of the said Diocese. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, com 
municating certain resolutions on the subject of a French 
translation of the Book of Common Prayer ; together with 
a standard copy of said Book, and requesting the concur 
rence of this House in passing the said resolutions. On 
motion, Resolved, That this House do concur in said res 
olutions with the House of Bishops. 

Dr. Wainwright, from the Committee on the State of the 



382 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Church, presented a report : whereupon it was ResolveJ, 
That the reading of the documents on which the said report 
had heen formed be dispensed with. Resolved, That tho 
report bj entered on the Journals -that a copy be sent to 
the House of Bishops and that the Secretary b3 directed 
to draw up a tabular view of the statistics of the Church 
for insertion on the Journals. The report is as follows : 

REPORT ON THE ST4TE OF THE CHURCH. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in compliance 
with the 45th canon of 1808, respectfully send to the HOIISJ 
of Bishops the following view of the State of the Church, 
compiled from documents supplied by Delegates from the 
Dioceses respectively represented in this Convention . 

In transmitting this report, the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies solicit for the Church the prayers and bless 
ing of the Bishops, and respectfully request their counsel in 
a Pastoral Letter to the Clergy and members of the Church. 

Signed by order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 
W. E. VVYATT, President of Convention. 

H. ANTHON, Secretary. 

MAINE. 

There are three Episcopal Churches in this State. The 
services of the Churcli are also statedly performed in Sacar- 
appa, a village in the town of Westbrook, where it is hoped 
a Church will soon be regularly organized, and received into 
union with the Convention. There are resident in the State, 
five Episcopal clergymen. The Rev. Mr. Hilliard resides in 
Gorharn, and has not statedly officiated as a minister of our 
Church for several years. The Rev. Mr. Clap has recently 
removed from the State of Vermont, anil taken the pastoral 
charge of Christ Church, Gardiner, with encouraging pros 
pects of usefulness. 

The Rev. Mr. Muenscher was instituted Rector of Trinity 
Church, Saco, about 18 months since. This parish is be 
lieved to be in a more flourishing condition than at any for 
mer period since its organization. The Rev. Mr. Olney re 
sides in Portland without a Cure ; but has occasionally sup 
plied the church in that city during the past year. 

The Rev. Mr. Ten Broeck has relinquished the charge of 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 383 

St. Paul's Church Portland, but still resides in that city, 
and officiates as Missionary at Sacarappa. Since the resig 
nation of Mr. Ten Broeck, the Church in Portland has been 
without a Rector. This is a circumstance most deeply to be 
deplored, because the extension of our communion in Maine 
materially depends on the establishment of a pious and devot 
ed clergyman in that city. This State presents a wide and 
important field for missionary labors. The population is 
rapidly increasing, and favorable openings for clergymen of 
our Church are continually presenting themselves. But the 
members of our Communion, few in number, limited in their 
pecuniary resources, and struggling with peculiar difficulties 
and embarrassments, are compelled to allow these favorable 
opportunities of extending our Church to pass unimproved. 

In no section of the country, it is believed, could aid be 
bestowed from the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society 
with greater prospect of success. A lively interest is gener 
ally felt in missionary operations, as in other objects of Chris 
tian benevolence, and what can be done to promote them, 
is cheerfully done. In all the parishes, Sunday Schools are 
established, and are in a flourishing condition. One clergy 
man has removed from this Diocese ; and there is one candi 
date for holy orders. 

Clergymen 5 ; Parishes 3 ; Vacant Parish 1 ; Candidates 
for Orders 1. 

NEW-HAMPSHIRE. 

The number of clergymen in this State is seven ; and 
there are nine parishes, three of which are destitute of clergy 
men. The number of Episcopal families is 340 ; of com 
municants 356. The baptisms have been 207 ; Confirma 
tions 93 ; Marriages 65 ; Burials 128. The number of Sim- 
day School teachers is 85 ; of Sunday Scholars 418. Two 
new Churches have been admitted to union with the Con 
vention ; and one new church has been consecrated. Three 
persons have been admitted as candidates for Orders. One 
person has been admitted to Deacons' Orders ; and two Dea 
cons have been admitted to Priests' Orders. One candidate, 
one Deacon, and one Priest have removed from the State. 
Throughout the Churches of this State, a strict regard is paid 
to the Rubrics and Canons. 



384 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

VERMONT. 

The Church in this State is represented as in a prosper 
ous condition. An awakened attention to the subject of re 
ligion has been witnessed in several of the parishes, and the 
result has been a considerable addition to the number of com 
municants. 

Three of the clergy reported at the last General Conven 
tion have removed from the State ; and six have been added 
to the list. 

Four new churches have been completed, and two others- 
are building. Several of the parishes have societies auxili 
ary to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of our 
Church, besides those which are auxiliary to the State or Di 
ocesan Missionary Society. 

Sunday Schools, it is believed, exist in all the parishes: 
though, in consequence of very imperfect returns, no correct 
estimate can be formed of the number of scholars. 

Three Deacons have been admitted to Priests' Orders, and 
there are now two candidates for the order of Deacons. 

The Baptisms reported are 552 ; Confirmations 234 ; Mar 
riages 109 ; Funerals 159 ; Communicants 975 ; Churches 
15 ; Parishes 20 ; Clergy 12. 

The main question respecting the lands belonging to the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, is considered as 
finally settled ; but many who hold them in possession, are 
unwilling to relinquish them without a legal process, the ex 
pense of which renders the fund less available, than it is ex 
pected soon to become, when all those suits shall have been 
ended. 

This Diocese has been separated from the Eastern Diocese, 
according to the provisions of the Constitution, and at the 
last Convention of the State, held at Middlebury in May last, 
erected itself into a separate and independent Diocese, and 
elected the Kev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., for the Office of 
Bishop. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The whole number of congregations in this Diocese is 
thirty-two. The list of clergy since the last triennial report 
has increased from thirty-one to forty-one. Nine persons 
have been admitted to the holy order of Deacons ; and three 
Deacons have been ordained Priests. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 385 

Among the more important clerical changes is the removal 
of the Rt. Keverend the Bishop of the Eastern Diocese, at 
the unanimous request of the clergy of this State, from his 
late residence in Khode Island, to Salem in Massachusetts. 

The Kev. J. S. J. Gardiner, D. D., the senior preshyter 
of this Commonwealth, and for twenty-five years rector of 
Trinity Church, Boston, has departed this life. The Rev. 
George W. Doane, assistant minister, has succeeded to the 
rectorship; and the Rev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., from the 
Diocese of Pennsylvania, to the assistancy. The Rev. Lot 
Jones has also been instituted rector of Christ Church, Lei 
cester. The Rev. Alonzo Potter, in consequence of ill health, 
has resigned the rectorship of St. Paul's, Boston. The Rev. 
John S. Stone, from the Diocese of Connecticut, has succeed 
ed him in the charge of that parish, and been instituted rec 
tor of the same. Eight clergymen have removed from the 
State : and six clergymen have been added from other States. 

The number of candidates for Holy Orders is not ascer 
tained. Four new parishes have been organized. A mag 
nificent granite edifice has been erected on the site of their 
old house of worship, by the proprietors of Trinity Church, 
Boston. Four new church edifices have also been erected 
and consecrated. A stone church is nearly completed at 
Pittsfield ; a wooden one of great neatness and beauty will 
soon be ready for consecration at Quincy. 

Several important movements in aid of the missionary en 
terprise have been made in Massachusetts within the last 
three years. Parochial associations have been organized in 
aid of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, in al 
most every parish ; and an auxiliary society has been form 
ed by the Convention. There has been a Missionary Lecture 
established in Boston, at which sermons have been preached, 
and collections taken up for the last eleven successive months ; 
aud many a social prayer continues to be offered at the throne 
of grace, "that God's way may be known upon earth, his 
saving health among all nations." 

The Massachusetts Episcopal State Missionary Society has 
also been efficiently sustained. To its instrumentality the 
friends of our Church at Pittsfield ascribe their present en 
couraging prospects. Under its auspices the ministrations 
of the Gospel have been revived in the ancient church at 
Marblejiead and to its nursing care and protection, several 



383 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

of the feeble country parishes owe a debt of gratitude. The 
City Mission, of which the Rev. Dr. Eaton has charge, still 
continues in operation, and with very favorable results. The 
income of this society for the last three years, h;is been in all 
about five thousand dollars. The total am >unt of mission 
ary contributions, reported to the Convention in the same 
time, is about seven thousand dollars.' This sum, however, 
probably falls short of the actual amount contributed for ob 
jects connected with the missionary enterprise. 

The whole number of Baptisms reported, and published 
on the journals for the last three years is 1057 of which 
185 were adults. Communicants added 714. Died or re 
moved 314. Present number 2058. Confirmations 427. 
The number of Sunday School Scholars reported is about 
2000. Bible Classes are established in most of the parishes. 
Clerical convocations are occasionally held with good effect ; 
mid a general desire is evinced to adopt, and zealously pur 
sue, such measures, as it is thought will most conduce to the 
interests of religion and the Church. The Canons and Rules 
of the Church are duly observed. Obstacles that have hith 
erto impeded the growth and prospsrity of our Zion, in this 
portion of the LORD'S vineyard, seem to be gradually remov 
ing : so that we now look forward with humble confidence 
to the time when the great Head of the Church will crown 
the prayers and efforts of both ministers and people, with 
still greater and more complete success. 

Congregations 32 ; Clergymen 41 ; Ordinations, (Deacons 
9, Priests 3) 12 ; churches consecrated 5 ; Baptisms 1057 ; 
communicants (added 714, died or removed 314) 2058 ; con 
firmed 427 ; Sunday School Scholars 2000 : candidates for 
holy orders ; missionary contributions $7,000. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Since the last General Convention, the Church in this State 
has been increasing in numbers, zeal, and it is believed, in pi 
ety. Most of the congregations formerly established have 
much increased, and are in a flourishing condition. Several 
new congregations have been formed. One new church is 
nearly ready for consecration, and measures are in progress 
for erecting two others the next season. 

When the present Bishop was elected, there were only two 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 387 

settled clergymen, and three church edifices in the State ; 
now there are ten clergymen, three of whom are employed as 
Missionaries, and eight churches. " Our Church in Rhode 
Island ," says the Bishop, " has never been in a state more 
prosperous than at the present time. The efforts of the cler 
gy to awaken, in all the parishes, a deep interest in religious 
duties, and especially in missionary labor, have, through GOD'S 
blessing, produced noble effects. 

Within the last three years, there have been admitted seven 
candidates for Holy Orders. Seven have been ordained Dea 
cons. Three Deacons have been ordained Priests. 

St. Mark's Church, in Warren, a neat and beautiful edi 
fice, has been duly consecrated to the worship of ALMIGHTY 
GOD. 

The Eight Eev. Alexander V. Griswold, D. D., has re 
moved from the State, and has been succeeded by the Rev. 
John Bristed, as Rector of St. Michael's Church, Bristol. 

Flourishing Sunday Schools are attached to most of the 
Churches. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The Church in this Diocese is steadily increasing in num 
ber and advancing in prosperity. Since the last Triennial 
Convention, five new parishes have been organized, and al 
though five clergymen have deceased, the number now eccle 
siastically connected with the Diocese is sixty-five, making 
an increase of six since the last report. Eleven Priests and 
fourteen Deacons have been ordained. Fifteen churches 
have been consecrated, of which eleven are entirely new, and 
the other four, either repaired or finished. There are 18 
candidates for Holy Orders belonging to the Diocese. 2079 
persons have been confirmed ; and the parochial reports from 
year to year show a proportionable increase of communi 
cants. From sixty-five parishes, the number reported at the 
last Convention was 4729 ; while eighteen parishes had no re 
ports presented. This prosperity may be ascribed, under the 
Divine blessing, to the steady and faithful administration of 
the word and ordinances of GOD, in strict conformity to the 
articles, rubrics and canons of the Church, to a fair and can 
did exhibition of the distinctive principles of our ecclesiasti 
cal polity, and to the general establishment and maintenance 
of Sunday Schools, and Bible and Liturgy Classes. These 



388 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

classes have generally proved instrumental in raising the 
tone of pious feeling among the members of our Church, and 
in many instances have been the means of turning the atten 
tion of our young men to the gospel ministry. 

The Church in this Diocese has not been inattentive to 
the claims, either of our General Missionary Society, or of 
the Society within its own borders : but the pressing de 
mands for ministers to supply the Churches already establish 
ed, and the various and immense missionary fields which are 
opening to us, both at home and abroad, have led to new 
and increasing efforts to provide for the education of candi 
dates for holy orders. The Church Scholarship Society has 
already proved a most effective instrument in the promotion 
of this object, and is now enabled to afford the most ample 
facilities to as many young men designed for the gospel min 
istry, as may stand in need of pecuniary assistance. Wash 
ington College, located in the city of Hartford, though still 
in its infancy, and circumscribed in its resources, is already 
becoming an able auxiliary to the Church. Since its found 
ation, thirty-six candidates for the ministry have been edu 
cated in this College, and ten of the number have been 
admitted to holy orders. In various parts of the Diocese, 
associations have also been formed for aiding young men, in 
the studies preparatory to their collegiate and theological 
course : and in furtherance of this object, arrangements have 
been made, in the recent re-organization of the Episcopal 
Academy in Cheshire, to enable young men in this stage of 
their education, to main tain -themselves, either entirely or in 
part by manual labor. 

The Diocese continues in great harmony, and is, in literal 
truth, as a city at unity with itself: and the canons and 
rubrics of the Church are uniformly observed. 

NEW YORK. 

This Diocese consists, at present, of 159 clergymen (the 
Bishop 136 Presbyters, and 22 Deacons) and 188 congrega 
tions ; being an increase, since the last General Convention, 
of 31 clergymen and 25 congregations. 31 persons have been 
ordained Deacons ; of whom 10 are alumni of the General 
Theological Seminary. 23 Deacons have been ordained 
Priests. 11 Rectors have been instituted into their respec- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 389 

tive rectorships. 55 Missionaries are at present employed in, 
and under the authority of, the Diocese. There are 30 can 
didates for orders ; of whom 15 are pursuing their studies in 
the General Theological Seminary. 

Since the last meeting of the General Convention this Di 
ocese has been called to mourn the loss of its late lamented 
Bishop, the Eight Rev. John Henry Hobart, D. D., The 
resolution passed by the Convention of the Diocese at ita 
first meeting after this melancholy event, and the express 
ion of sympathy in our bereavement from every part of our 
Church, abundantly testify the high estimation in which 
our late Bishop was held, and the great loss which the Church 
has sustained by his removal to another world. The Rev. 
Benjamin T. Onderdonk, D. D., was elected his successor on 
the 9th of October, 1830, and consecrated to the Episcopacy 
on the 26th of November, in the same year,4n St. John's 
Chapel, in the city of New York, by the Right Rev. William 
White, D. D., Bishop of Pennsylvania, Presiding Bishop ; the 
Right Rev. Thomas C. Brovvnell, D. D. , Bishop of Connect 
icut ; and the Right Rev. Henry U. Onderdonk, D. D., As 
sistant Bishop of Pennsylvania, being present and assisting. 

There have departed this life since the last General Con 
vention, beside our ever to be lamented Bishop, the Rev. Wm. 
Harris, D. D., President of Columbia College, New York ; 
the Rev. Isaac Wilkins, Rector of St. Peter's Church, West- 
chester ; the Rev. Daniel M'Donald D. D., Professor in Ge 
neva College ; the Rev. John Sellon ; the Rev. William 
Thompson, Rector of Christ Church, Rye ; the Rev. Ed 
mund D. Griffin, Deacon, supplying the place of the then ab 
sent Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in Columbia 
College ; the Rev. Sutherland Douglas ; the Rev. Seth Hart ; 
and the Rev. George L. Hinton, Rector of St. Andrew's 
Church, New York. 

Thirty-five Churches have been duly organized and received 
into union with the Convention. 15 churches have been con 
secrated to the service of ALMIGHTY GOD. The number of 
persons confirmed since the period embraced by the last re 
port, has been 4195 :* Baptisms (adults 1376, infants 5483, 
not specified 1896) 8755 ; Marriages 2645 ; Burials (2975 in 

* This is exclusive of the confirmations by Bishop Hobart, since the Con 
vention of 1829, of which no record appears. 



390 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [18 32. 

two parishes) 5817 ; Communicants (reported to the last Di 
ocesan Convention in 132 parishes, 7575, added in 78 parishes 
within the year, 1244) 8819. 

Contributions to the Episcopal Fund, $ 2,203.38 

" Missionary Fund, 14,024.87 

Diocesan Fund, 2,342.38 

The General Theological Seminary continues to receive the 
patronage and support of this Diocese. In the spring of the 
present year, a circular was addressed by the Bishop to the 
Clergy and Laity, requesting contributions in aid of its in 
sufficient funds. The attention of the Convention was also 
directed to this subject in his annual address. In conse 
quence of this, resolutions were passed by that body express 
ive of their interest in the Institution, and adopting a plan 
for the raising of funds. 

Since the last General Convention, $ 1,176.50 have been 
paid into the Treasury of the Seminary, by different congre 
gations of the Diocese. In addition to this, the St. Thomas' 
Church Scholarship has been completed by the contribution 
of $1,034. A library of text-books, and books of reference, 
containing more than 250 volumes, has been purchased for 
the use of the scholars on this foundation. 

Under a canon passed in 1829, but which was repealed at 
the last Convention, in consequence of the establishment of 
the Education and Missionary Society of the Diocese, nearly 
$ 1000 yearly was contributed to the support of beneficiaries 
in the Seminary. Several beneficiaries have been supported, 
also, by other congregations. 

The late Mr. George Lorillard left a legacy of $ 20,000 to 
this Institution. 

The Green Bay Mission has been taken under the especial 
patronage of this Diocese. About $5,000 has been contribut 
ed to this object since May, 1831, beside various boxes and 
packages of clothing. 

The New York Protestant Episcopal Missionary Society, 
which for many years has been the blessed instrument of in 
calculable benefit to the Church in this Diocese, has, within 
the past year, undergone an entire change in its Constitu 
tion, and adopted eduqation for the ministry as one of its ob 
jects. It is now the Education and Missionary Society of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New York. 
The Convention of the Diocese has approved its constitution 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 391 

and organization, and has confided to it the collection and 
distribution of all the funds which may be raised for the pur 
pose of educating young men for Holy Orders, or for the sup 
port of Missionaries. In consequence of this arrangement, 
the canon providing for the appointment of the Committee 
for Propagating the Gospel in the State of Ne\v York has 
been repealed. 

The New York Protestant Episcopal City Mission Society 
was established in 1831, having for its object the gratuitous 
provision of the ministrations of religion for the poor in the 
city of New York. The Convention of the Diocese has com 
mitted to this Society, so much of the missionary concerns of 
the Diocese as relates to the city of New York. The exer 
tions of this Society have been crowned with signal success. 
A large and substantial brick edifice has been purchased, 
consecrated, and is now opened regularly as a free Church, 
under the care of the Society's Missionary. Sunday Schools 
and a daily Infant School have also been established. 

Agreeably to arrangements made by the late Bishop Ho- 
bart, under the authority of the General Convention, the 
French translation of the Liturgy used in the French Church 
Du St. Esprit has been carefully revised and improved by 
the Rector, and a new edition printed. 

The various Societies connected with the Church continue 
in active operation. Sunday Schools, in union with the Gen 
eral Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union, exist in al 
most every parish. 

NEW JERSEY. 

The most prominent event in the history of the Church 
in New Jersey, since the meeting of the last General Con 
vention, is one of a very afflicting character the death of 
its Bishop. The Right Rev. John Croes, D. D., died at his 
residence in New Brunswick, July the 30th, 1832, having a 
few weeks previous completed his seventieth year. In him 
the Diocese lost a head who had presided over it for nearly 
seventeen years, with great credit to himself and usefulness 
to the Church a friend who gave his heart, affections and 
time to the service of his spiritual charge, with a disinter 
estedness seldom surpassed a friend who had been with 
and aided in sustaining the Church during the period of 
her greatest depression, and who, having thus for more than 



392 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

forty years persevered in laboring for her, lived at last to 
see her elevated from her low estate, and rising into strength 
and influence. As Bishop Croeswas the first spiritual head 
the Diocese ever possessed, so he may be justly said to have 
been the originator and author, directly or indirectly, of al 
most all the institutions connected with the Diocese. He 
loved to labor for the Church. Her welfare was his greatest 
delight. 

In the successor to Bishop Croes, the Rev. George W. 
Doane, we trust the Diocese will find a head well calculated 
to supply the loss sustained, and to infuse new life and en 
ergy into all her institutions. 

The number of clergymen in the Diocese is at present 
eighteen all presbyters. The number of congregations has 
not increased since the General Convention. During the re 
cess of the General Convention, the late Bishop admitted 
two persons to the order of Priesthood, and one person to 
the order of Deacons. Since the death of the Bishop the Rt. 
Rev. Bishop Ives, by invitation of the Standing Committee 
of this Diocese, admitted one person to the order of Priest 
hood. 

There have been eleven institutions within the last three 
years. Eight clergymen have been received into the Diocese. 
The number of clergymen 18 ; persons confirmed 168 ; Bap 
tisms reported 517 ; Communicants about 900 ; Candidates 
for the ministry 2 ; Congregations 32. 

The Sunday Schools continue to flourish, and are gradu 
ally connecting themselves with the Diocesan Sunday School 
Society. 

The missionary fund, which is about the same in amount 
as formerly, continues to aid most materially in reviving and 
supporting old and decayed as well as new congregations. 

The fund for the relief of widows and children of deceased 
clergymen has of late years rapidly increased, and now 
amonuts almost to $15,000. 

The " Episcopal Society for the Promotion of Christian 
Knowledge and Piety" pursues the even and noiseless tenor 
of its way, doing good by the distribution of Bihles, prayer 
books, tracts, aiding the missionary fund and candidates for 
orders. Its permanent fund now exceeds $1500. 



1832.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 393 



PENNSYLVANIA. 

In this Diocese there are at present 65 clergymen, (the 
Bishop, Assistant Bishop, 53 Presbyters, and 10 Deacons.) 
and 74 parishes ; being the same number of clergymen as at 
the last General Convention ; and an accession of 3 parishes 
since the General Convention of 1829. Twelve persons have 
been ordained Deacons ; four of them by the Bishop of the 
Diocese, and the other eight by the Assistant Bishop. Sev 
enteen Deacons have been ordained Priests ; two of them by 
the Bishop, the other fifteen by the Assistant Bishop. 

The following four clergymen have deceased since the last 
General Convention : The Rev. Joseph Clarkson, the Rev. 
Robert Blackwells, D. D., the Rev. John T. Adderly, Dea 
con, and the Rev. Edward Rutledge. 

Henry H. Pfeiffer, formerly a Presbyter of this Church, 
has been deposed from the Ministry agreeably to the provis 
ions of Canon III. of 1829. 

Sixteen persons are candidates for Holy Orders. Five of 
these candidates are pursuing their studies in the General 
Theological Seminary ; three of them under the auspices of 
the Education Committee of the Society for the Advance 
ment of Christianity in Pennsylvania. 

Three Churches have been duly organized, and received in 
to union with the Convention. 

Twelve churches have been consecrated to the service of 
ALMIGHTY GOD ; two of them by the Bishop, the rest by the 
Assistant Bishop of the Diocese. 

One thousand and thirty-three persons have been confirm 
ed : viz. by the Bishop of the Diocese 429 ; by the Assistant 
Bishop 604. 

The number of Baptisms, as reported since the last General 
Convention, is 1,974 ; of which 289 were adults, and 1,685 
were infants. 

The number of communicants as reported to the last Con 
vention of the Diocese, is 2,726. 

As several parishes have each year been unreported, the 
above is considerably less than the actual number of Bap 
tisms, and of Communicants in the Diocese. The same re 
mark will apply to the number of teachers and of pupils in 
our Sunday Schools ; which according to the Journal of the 



394 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

last Diocesan Convention, was 5, 471 : viz. 443 teachers, and 
5,028 pupils. 

The funds for the support of the Episcopate consist of the 
legacies of the late Rsv. Doctor Pilmore, $7,939.12; and 
of the late Andrp\vDoz, $4,701.33 ; also of the sum raised 
by annual collections in the different churches, $> 13,461.27 ; 
and a loan of $ 30,000. 

The Society for the Advancement of Christianity in Penn 
sylvania, which has been, during the nineteen years of its ex 
istence, a most valuable auxiliary to the Church in this Dio 
cese, still continues its important efforts. By its assistance, 
the Ecclesiastical authority has been enabled to employ thir 
teen Missionaries during the past year. The Female Tract 
Society, auxiliary to the Advancement Society, is one of the 
most efficient institutions for the purposes of its organiza 
tion, of which the Protestant Episcopal Church can boast. 
It annually sends forth thousands of tracts, of the most use 
ful character, which are widely disseminated not pnlyin this 
Diocese, but throughout the Union. The Education Com 
mittee of the Advancement Society is employing the funds 
at its disposal, in preparing pious young men for admission 
to the General Theological Seminary, and in sustaining them 
while there. It has at present three beneficiaries, who are 
prosecuting their studies at the General Seminary. 

The Corporation for the Relief of the Widows and Chil 
dren of Deceased Clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, have a fund amounting to more than $ 50,000, and 
but one family who are annuitants. 

A Diocesan Sunday School Union has been organized ; 
and the Sunday and Adult School Society of Philadelphia, 
one of the oldest and most efficient institutions of our Church, 
for the promotion of instruction by means of Sunday Schools, 
having transferred its funds to the new institution, has been 
dissolved. 

Although this Diocese has not advanced as rapidly dur 
ing the last three years, as in those which preceded the last 
General Convention ; yet there is abundant cause for grati 
tude to the Divine Head of the Church, for that degree of 
prosperity we have been permitted tp enj.>y. In the depart 
ment of Sunday School and Bible Class instruction, there 
is a decided increase of zeal, resulting in an enlargement of 
the numbers instructed : and, we trust, in efficiency in build- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THB GENERAL CONVENTION. 395 

ing up the Church. In some of our parishes there has been 
a more than ordinary degree of attention to the importance 
of vital godliness, which has resulted in large additions to the 
communion of our Church ; and though we are unable to re 
port that the same degree of religious sensibility has existed 
in every portion of our Diocese, we rejoice that we have so 
much cause to " thank GOD, and take courage." 

DELAWARE. 

In the Diocese of Delaware, there are fifteen churches, 
and five resident clergymen, all of which have parishes ; one, 
since the last report, has been removed by death. The 
state of the Church in a portion of the Diocese is encourag 
ing, and there appears to be a prospect of a permanent im 
provement. The Missionary Society of the Diocese, which 
had for several years suspended its labors, was at the last 
Convention revived. Much aid is anticipated from this So 
ciety in supplying tha vacant and decayed parishes. There 
are Sunday Schools attached to several of the Churches, 
which are flourishing. 

The Church in Delaware (agreeable to the twentieth Can 
on) continues to avail itself of the valuable services of the 
Bishop and Assisrant Bishop of Pennsylvania. 

There are 275 Communicants. Since the last report, 
there have been 127 Baptisms. 

Two churches have been erected and consecrated to the 
service of ALMIGHTY GOD. 

MARYLAND. 

The Church in this Diocese appears to be in a state of 
gradual improvement. For although only one has been add 
ed to the number of the Clergy, since the last meeting of 
the General Convention ; yet the parochial reports exhibit 
an increase of 410 communicants in the several parishes 
which enjoy the advantage of ministerial services. The va 
cancy in the Episcopate, which existed in 1829, has been 
happily supplied by the election and consecration of the Kt. 
Kev. Wm. M. Stone, D. D., whose primary visitation has giv 
en promise of very great usefulness and acceptability. At 
the last Diocesan Convention, the Missionary Society, auxil 
iary to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, created 



396 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

by the General Convention, was reorganized for the purpose 
of augmenting its efficiency ; and, in its present form it 
will probably do much toward reviving and building up those 
parishes in the State, which, from various causes, have fall 
en into languor and decay. There are several vacant par 
ishes in this Diocese which would gladly receive clergymen, 
and afford them a moderate support ; but the Ecclesiastical 
authority has been unable to find laborers to occupy these 
fields, which are now ripe unto the harvest. The following 
is a list of the baptisms, marriages, funerals, and confirma 
tions which have occurred since the last General Convention : 

Baptisms 3,202 ; Marriages 764 ; Funerals 1,433 ; Con 
firmations 666. 

The present number of the clergy is 52 ; and the present 
number of communicants 2,735. There are, at this time, 
three candidates for Orders. 

VIRGINIA. 

Since the last meeting of the General Convention, the con 
dition of the Church in this Diocese has been progressively 
improving. The number of our clergy has increased ; many 
congregations have been reorganized in parishes where, for 
years, the ministrations of our Church had been unknown : 
some have been formed in places where our services had nev 
er been performed ; some of the old church edifices have 
been repaired and rescued from entire dilapidation. Several 
new ones have been built, and some are now in the course of 
erection. 

During this period, 28 persons have been admitted to the 
order of Deacons ; and 10 Deacons have been ordained 
Priests. 

Nineteen churches have been consecrated and set apart to 
the worship of ALMIGHTY GOD. 

The number of candidates for orders in this Diocese, is at 
this time, 25. And in addition to the Bishop and Assistant 
Bishop, the number of clergymen is 55 ; being an increase 
of 11 since the last report. Of these, however, three are not 
officiating in the Diocese. One of them, the Rev. J. H. Hill, 
being in Greece, in the employment of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society ; and the other two, the Rev. 
Caleb tT. Good, and the Rev. Leonidas Polk, having been for 



[1832. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 397 

some time past, prevented by ill health, from discharging 
the duties of the ministry. 

According to the best data that can be obtained, the 
number of communicants belonging to the Church in this 
Diocese, may be estimated at about 3,000. 

It is not, however, in its external condition only, that the 
Church in this Diocese has increased. The tone of piety 
among its members has been advancing, and is believed to be 
at this time of a more Scriptural character, than at any for 
mer period. The Gospel is generally preached in simplicity 
and with faithfulness, and by the blessing of GOD, is rendered 
effectual in turning many unto righteousness. And the in 
creasing interest which is manifested in behalf of Missionary 
and Education Societies, and other objects of Christian be 
nevolence, evidences a nearer approach to the full spirit of 
that religion, which has for its author and its end, the GOD, 
who is love. While the more frequent exhibition made by 
our clergy, of those excellences of our Church which result 
from the apostolical character of its ministry ; the devotional 
spirit of its services, and the liberal but efficient structure of 
its constitution and government, is gradually and effectually 
strengthening and enlightening the attachment of its friends, 
and at the same time removing those prejudices which ig 
norance had generated, and which have long presented a 
great obstacle to its advancement. 

While we have abundant cause, therefore, to be thankful 
to the great Head of the Church for the favor already be 
stowed upon us, we are also permitted to hope for a still larg 
er measure of prosperity. Our Diocesan Theological Sem 
inary has been a very prominent instrument in the produc 
tion of the present encouraging state of our Church ; and its 
condition at this time, gives a fairer promise of usefulness, 
than at any former period. At our last Diocesan Conven 
tion an effort was commenced for placing the. Institution on 
a more permanent foundation, by raising in addition to ifs 
present funds, the sum of $25,000 ; nearly one half of this 
amount has already been subscribed. An additional build 
ing for the accommodation of students is in progress, and 
will be ready for occupancy in a few weeks. And the inter 
est manifested toward it throughout the Diocese, and espec 
ially the Divine favor which has thus far prospered our ex 
ertions in its behalf, afford ground for the nope that it will, 



398 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

in a few years, furnish us with a full supply of laborers, 
well instructed in the word of GOD, and who will be instru 
ments in building up the waste places of our Zion, and en 
abling her deserts to bring forth abundantly the fruits of 
righteousness. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

This Diocese, since the last General Convention, has been 
called to mourn the death of its beloved and venerated Bish 
op, the Rt. Rev. John S. Ravenscroft, to whose apostolic 
principles, primitive piety, and energetic labors, the Church 
chiefly owes her firm establishment and future hopes. The 
vacancy thus caused, has been happily supplied by thp el^c- 
tion and consecration of the Rt. Rev. Levi S. Ives, D. D., 
under whose superintendence there is a cheering prospect 
that thtt Church will continue to flourish and grow with in 
creased vigor. 

The Missionary Society has been reorganized, under the 
title of the Bible, Common Prayer Book, Tract and Mis 
sionary Society of North Carolina, and promises much good 
to the Church. Several Missionaries have been employed 
with decidedly good effect in reviving old congregations, and 
establishing new ones. Sunday Schools, Bible Classes, and 
Female Associations of Industry for the benefit of the 
Church, have continued to be cherished with much advan 
tage to the cause of CHRIST. 

Communicants 900 ( increase 260 ) ; Baptisms 698 ; Con 
firmations 413 ; Marriages 89 ; Burials 140 ; Sunday School 
Scholars 800 ; Teachers not ascertained ; Ordinations, Pres 
byters 3, Deacons 4 ; Candidates for Orders 3 ; Congrega 
tions 33. Funds for the Episcopate $ 12,000. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In this Diocese there are 50 organized congregations : 8 
are without a minister. St. Stephen's Chapel. Charleston, 
is for the use of the poor of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and the minister is maintained by the " Charleston 
Protestant Episcopal Domestic Missionary Society." This 
Society, instituted in 1821, and the Chapel consecrated 
March, 1824, it is believed, are of earlier date than the in 
stitutions of the same kind in other Dioceses of our Church. 
The clergy consist of the Bishop, 32 Presbyters and 3 Dea- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 399 

cons : 26 are pastorally employed, 1 is principal of the Col 
lege in Charleston, and 9 are without cures. Within the 
period embraced by this report, there have been admitted 
three persons to the holy order of Deacons, and four Dea 
cons have been advanced to the next order in the sacred 
ministry. Two clergymen have removed from the Diocese ; 
one clergyman has come into it ; and the Rev. T. Mills, D. 
D., has departed this life. Six persons are candidates for 
holy orders. There have been consecrated 5 churches : con 
firmed, 360 ; baptized, adults, 81 white and 156 colored ; in 
fants, 795 white and 184 colored ; marriages, 194 white 
arid 80 colored ; burials, 478 white and 101 colored ; com 
municants, 1,582 white and 492 colored. 

Sunday Schools exist in connection with fourteen of our 
Churches, but in several of the country parishes it is found 
impracticable to establish them. The number of teachers 
reported is 149, and of scholars 730 white and 246 colored. 
The books of our " Sunday School Union" are highly ap 
proved and generally used. The " Protestant Episcopal So 
ciety for the advancement of Christianity in South Caroli 
na" is a Missionary, Bible and Prayer Book, Tract and edu 
cation Society. In its service there have been employed, 
during the last three years, for a greater or less time, eleven 
Missionaries. Beside this there are two Missionary Socie 
ties, four Bible, Prayer Book and Tract Societies ; and two 
Scholarships, one not yet filled up, the other has for several 
years heen assisting a candidate for holy orders at our "Gen 
eral Theological Seminary." To this institution the attach 
ment of the members of the Church generally in our Dio 
cese continues unabated, and gratitude is felt to be most 
justly due to its Trustees and Professors, for their unwea 
ried efforts to render it a blessing to the Church. It is a 
subject of regret, that we are not able to contribute largely 
to its funds. We have contributed, as stated in the journal 
of General Convention, 1829, to the amount of $ 15,485.19 
Added since to the Building fund, $ 35.00 

To the General fund, - - 443.60 

To the Scholarships, - 659.38 

Sent to the Treasurer by a lady of S. C., 36.00 

$1,173.98 

Total, (including Scholarship funds,) $ 16,659.17 



400 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Several of the ministers in our Diocese have been educated 
at this Seminary. 

The " Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society," insti 
tuted by the General Convention, has in this Diocese five 
patrons, twenty-one life, and eight annual members. The 
monthly publication, " The Gospel Messenger and Southern 
Episcopal Register," commenced in 1824, is still continued 
by ministers of our Church. 

The fund for the support of the Episcopal office is slowly 
increasing, and amounts to $ 10,544.25, invested in public 
securities. 

The clergy, in general, are tenacious of conformity to the 
rubrics and canons. 

GEORGIA. 

The triennial report of the State of the Church in this 
Diocese is necessarily little more than a recapitulation of 
former reports, involving a renewal of regret that so exten 
sive a field of labor should remain uncultivated : no addi 
tion having been made since the last General Convention to 
the number of clergy or congregations. Bnt it is consola 
tory to know that the Church, in those portions of the Di 
ocese in which it has been established, is in a prosperous and 
flourishing condition. Sunday Schools and Bible classes 
have been 'organized, and are in successful operation in three 
of the parishes. There are various associations for mission 
ary purposes. The Rev. T. S. W. Mott has removed from 
this Diocese to that of South Carolina. The Rev. Hugh 
Smith has removed to the Diocese of Connecticut, ; and the 
Rev. Edward E. Ford has been received into this Diocese, 
by virtue of letters dimissory from that of New Jersey. 
The Rev. S. C. Bragg has accepted an invitation to the 
charge of Christ Church, Macon, and is expected to enter 
upon the duties of his engagement in January next. The 
Rev. Theodore B. Bartow has been admitted to Deacons' 
and Priest's Orders, by the Right Rev. N. Bowen, D. D. 
acting under the provision of the 20th canon of 1808. Tho 
annexed statistical table contains a summary of the paro 
chial reports. 

Organized congregations 4 ; y clergy (Presbyters) 3 ; com 
municants 241 ; Sunday Schools 3 ; Sunday School Teach- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 401 

ers 35 ; Sunday Scholars 250 ; Ordination 1 ; Baptisms 
139; Burials 79 ; Marriages 46; confirmed 48. 
Missionary contributions $ 2.000. 

OHIO. 

The number of clergymen in the Diocese of Ohio is sev 
enteen thirteen Presbyters and four Deacons. Since Au 
gust, 1829, Messrs. James McElroy, John O'Brien, Henry 
Caswell and George Denison, have been admitted to the or 
der of Deacons ; and the Rev. Alva Sanford and James 
McElroy to the order of Priests. 

The Rev. G. McMillan has removed to the Diocese of 
Kentucky, the Rev. Amos G. Baldwin to New York, the 
Rev. N. Stem to Pennsylvania, and the Rev. John Ohrien 
and the Rev. Silas 0. Freeman to Michigan. The Rev. 
John P. Robinson, also, is believed to have removed from 
the Diocese of Ohio. 

The additions to the Diocese from abroad are the Rev. R. 
T. Rogers from England, and the Rev. W. R. Lyster from 
Ireland. The Rev. C. P. Bronson has been suspended from 
the exercise of the Ministry. 

The number of candidates for Holy Orders in the Diocese 
is eleven ; the number of Baptisms since the last General 
Convention is 646, of which 65 were adult ; the number of 
confirmations 262 ; and the number of persons added to 
the Communion 468. Five churches have been built, and 
as many more commenced. Four churches have been con 
secrated. 

From these statistics an idea may be formed of the condi 
tion of this Diocese ; it is manifestly one of growth and 
prosperity. 

KENTUCKY. 

The delegation from Kentucky report the following ac 
count of the State of the Church in that Diocese : 

Since the last General Convention there lias been a very 
great increase in the Church. There was at that time but 
one officiating minister in the Diocese ; there was not a sin 
gle candidate ; there were but three organized parishes, and 
only two buildings for public worship. There are at the 
present moment seven officiating Presbyters ; six. candidates 



402 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

for Holy Orders ; seven organized parishes ; three buildings 
for public worship, the parish of Paris is building the fourth, 
and subscriptions have been made for two more, in Hop- 
kinsville and Henderson, which there is reason to believe 
will be built in the course of the coming summer. These 
facts afford evidence of a growing interest in the Church ; 
and others might be mentioned going to show the same at 
many points in the Diocese. 

There is reason to believe, also, that the concern of the 
members of the Church relative to their personal interest 
in the atonement made for them and for all, by our Lord 
and Saviour JESUS CHRIST, is greatly increased. There is, 
indeed, in this respect above all others most important to 
every man, a manifest improvement an increased and an 
increasing interest in old and young : and it is but justice 
to say, and the delegation is more free to speak on this oc 
casion, as it is a lay delegation only, that the ministry in 
the Diocese have shown such devotion to the cause of reli 
gion, such disinterestedness in giving themselves to the 
cause where the inducements, as to temporal concerns, are as 
yet so small, and in refusing to leave the ground they have 
occupied and broken up, notwithstanding very tempting of 
fers made to some of them, as to encourage the hope, nay, 
the confident expectation, that the good cause will continu 
ally gain ground, until the Gospel of CHRIST shall be 
preached to the Church of CHRIST in every corner of the 
land. 

Baptisms 76 ; Burials 45 ; Marriages 29 ; Communi 
cants 217; Confirmed 21; Churches 3; Clergymen 9; 
Candidates for Holy Orders 6 ; Collections for missions and 
education of young men preparing for the ministry $ 1,310. 

MISSISSIPPI, 

In the Diocese of Mississippi the present condition of the 
Church varies not materially from what it was at the period 
of the last General Convention. The number (viz. four) 
of organized parishes remains the same. The congregations 
and communicants have stood as they were in respect to 
numbers, except a small accession to the latter. These par 
ishes have been all since their formation destitute of the 
public services of the Church for several months in suc 
cession, occasioned by the death or removal of ministers. 



1832.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION 403 

This privation accounts principally for the hitherto rather 
stationary character of the parishes. They are, however, re 
viving and gaining strength, in some encouraging measure. 

The Church in Mississippi, availing itself of the Right Rev. 
Bishop Brownell's visit to the Western and Southern States, 
under the provisions of the twentieth canon of 1808, invit 
ed him to perform Episcopal offices in this Diocese. One 
Deacon was admitted by Bishop Brownell to Priests' Or 
ders. Three churches have been consecrated, and the holy 
rite of Confirmation was administered to many persons. 

Three persons have removed from the Diocese. Two 
clergymen from other dioceses have been received into this 
Diocese. 

The Rev. John C. Porter, late Rector of Trinity Church, 
Natchez, has, in the early period of his ministry, and in the 
midst of his usefulness, been called from the scene of his la 
bors here on earth, to join the Church Triumphant. In 
this secluded region, where many laborers are needed, and 
but few are found, his loss is deeply felt. 

The officiating clergy, resident in the Diocese, are but two 
in number, who have their respective cures, embracing the 
charge of one, a single parish, of the other, two parishes. 
The fourth and last is at. present unoccupied by a minister. 

The Diocese hns regularly held its annual conventions. 
The canon and rubrics of the Church are in all cases com 
plied with, and the children regularly catechised. 

The " Protestant Episcopal Society for the Advancement 
of Christianity in Mississippi" has been and still is of ben 
efit in procuring and circulating Episcopal Books, &c., &c. 

Delegates have been chosen to cooperate with Alabama 
and Louisiana, in organizing the contemplated South-West- 
ern Diocese, whensoever those States shall signify their 
readiness to act. 

The main obstacle to the extension of the Episcopal 
Church in this Diocese is the insufficient supply of clergy 
men. Until this evil is remedied the progress of the Church 
cannot be, humanly speaking, otherwise than very gradual, if, 
indeed, it will not be confined to the situations where at pres 
ent established. The earnest desire, therefore, is, that the 
LORD of the harvest will srjeedily send forth more laborers 
into this quarter of the spiritual vineyard. 

Baptisms (adults 8, infants 68) 76 ; Marriages 21 ; fu- 



404 JOURNAL OF THE GENERA.L COVENTION. [1832. 

nerals 16 ; Communicants 60 ; Clergymen 4 ; Parishes 4, 
vacant do. 1 ; Families 120 ; Confirmations ; Sunday 
Scholars 30 ; Sunday School Teachers 8 ; Ordained Priest 1. 

TENNESSEE. 

The Church in this State was admitted into union with 
the General Convention at its last session. It then consist 
ed of four congregations, with two Presbyters and one Dea 
con. It has at present, nine congregations, five Presbyters 
and one Deacon. One church, the first in the State, has 
been erected since the last Convention, and two others are 
nearly completed. 

Messrs. JohnChilton and Samuel Gr. Litton have been ad 
mitted to Deacons' Orders by the Eight Rev. Bishop Ives 
of North Carolina, during a visit made by him to the 
churches of Tennessee last summer, at the request of the 
Standing Committee ; and the Rev. John Chilton to 
Priests' Orders. 

The Rev. Thomas Wainwright, of North Carolina, has 
removed into this State, with letters dimissory from the 
Bishop of that Diocese. 

Five new congregations have been organized, and it is 
anticipated that all of them will be shortly supplied with 
ministerial services. 

In four congregations, in which only has confirmation 
been administered, the number confirmed is 70. The whole 
number of baptisms reported is 78 ; the whole number of 
communicants reported is 80, of which number 50 have 
been added in the recess of the Convention. There is at 
present but one candidate for Holy Orders. 

Since the last Convention the Churches in this State have 
been favored with visits from the Right Rev. Dr. Meade, 
Assistant. Bishop of Virginia, and the Right Rev. Dr. Ives, 
Bishop of North Carolina, both of whom were kindly re 
ceived, and contributed to the advancement of the Church 
in this State. 

The incipient state of all things connected with the 
Church in Tennessee has hitherto prevented much attention 
to Sunday Schools. There are, however, three such schools, 
well attended and in a flourishing condition ; and the num 
ber is expected shortly to increase. Between 250 and 300 



1832.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 405 

children are receiving instruction in these schools. They 
are in connection with the General Sunday School Union 
of our Church. 

The Committee on the State of the Church, in this State, 
appointed at the last Convention thereof, say in their report, 
that " they are pained at knowing and deeply feeling how 
much more, by GOD'S help, might have been accomplished, 
had we among us many, very many more laborers to send 
into our fields, which are tvhite, indeed, unto the harvest. 
On every side, and in every direction, are we informed of 
people whose education, principles and feelings are all on 
the side of our Church : 

" Who long to tread the sacred courts 
"Which to GOD'S dwelling lead;" 

And who mourn their privations of the means of grace. 
There are multitudes of members of our Church, baptized 
by its ministers ; nay, who have even submitted to the lay 
ing on of hands of our Bishops in various parts of our own 
country, and even Europe, who only need, and actually de 
sire our ministers to assemble them together into congrega 
tion, to enable them again to offer praises and prayers to 
GOD, in temples of their own. 

And Bishop Ives, when recently on a visit to this State 
for the performance of Episcopal services, and while presid 
ing in the Convention, called the attention of the Church 
to these circumstances, in the following language : " That 
a most animating scene, inviting ministerial labor, is open 
to the Church in this whole valley of the Mississippi, will 
be questioned by no one, who has cast a deliberate view over 
this region. Its relative position, the abundance of its re 
sources, the character and denseness of its population, the 
fact that many of our own household of faith are scattered 
over its surface all unite to elevate it before Churchmen in 
a most engaging light ; while all equally unite to urge it 
especially upon the attention of Churchmen in this Diocese. 
What, then, Brethren, is your obvious duty ? With a ter 
ritory lying to the south and west of you equal, almost, to 
the remaining portion of the United States, and destined 
at no very distant time to control the interests of these 
States, it surely cannot be matter of indifference to any in 
telligent Episcopalian, who loves his country, and the word 



406 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

of his GOD and Saviour, whether this important region shall 
be blessed with the sober and restraining institutions of the 
Church, or be left to the fearful influence of modern religious 
excitements. But in the whole of the interesting country 
of which I speak, we have only from 12 to 15 clergymen. 
What, then, does the relation you bear to it call upon you 
to do ? What but to go to the extent of your power in 
increasing the number of pious and devoted clergymen. 

" It seems important to your President, that some direct 
measure should be adopted to increase the number of cler 
gy, by increasing the means of theological education among 
yourselves. This suggestion will have its due weight with 
nil who consider that no reasonable hope can be entertained 
of your having an efficient and permanent clergy, except as 
they may be trained for the work within your own borders." 

The Convention, impressed with the importance of these 
considerations, placed a declaration to the same effect upon 
its Journal, in the following words : 

" Whereas, this Convention is deeply sensible of the great 
want of clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
this Diocese, and also of the wants of our sister Churches 
of the Southern and South-western States generally : And 
whereas, we believe that the interests of this Church can 
only be advanced in those sections of the Union above al 
luded to, by providing ministers of piety and learning to 
labor at her destitute altars. And also, that the cause of 
true religion and learning may be most effectually promoted 
by providing for the ins'truction of those who are preparing 
for Holy Orders. Therefore, 

Kesolved, That this Convention pledge themselves, if 
funds can be obtained, to establish at some eligible location 
in this Diocese, a Classical and Theological Seminary of 
learning, in order to educate, or aid in the education of per 
sons who are desirous of obtaining Holy Orders. 

The Committee understand that the measure here con 
templated is prospective, and is not expected to be immedi 
ately accomplished. 

A Missionary fund has been established, composed of an 
annual grant from the Domestic and foreign Missionary So 
ciety, and collections made within the State. Two clergy 
men are at present assisted by this fund. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 407 



ALABAMA. 

There are now in this Diocese four organized Churches, 
and two officiating clergymen, one of whom has resided in 
this State about six months, and the other only a few weeks. 
The number of communicants is not precisely known. There 
are no candidates for the Ministry. This Diocese is chiefly 
interesting as a promising field for clerical and Episcopal 
labors. Those Churches which have received the regular 
services of clergymen have grown, with uncommon rapidity; 
and there is reason to believe that under a judicious minis 
try, many other Churches might be organized and built up 
with a success which few other parts of our country promise. 

The population of Alabama, between the years 1810 and 
1830, has increased from 10,000 to upward of 300,000. 
Many large villages are scattered over the Diocese, which are 
rapidly increasing in wealth and population. The soil of 
the State is very fertile, and its rivers are numerous and 
navigable ; and the present seems to be a peculiarly favor 
able time for laying firmly the foundation of our Church in 
this very interesting and promising portion of our country. 

The Rev. Mr. Stone presented a petition from certain per 
sons, members of the Episcopal Church in Boston and its 
vicinity. On motion, Resolved, That with the concurrence 
of the House of Bishops, it be committed to a joint com 
mittee to report thereon at this session. 

The Rev. Messrs. Burroughs, Grammar and Stone ; and 
Messrs. Newton and Colston, were appointed on the part 
of this House. 

A communication from the House of Bishops was receiv 
ed and read, expressive of their opinion as to the proper pos 
tures to be used in the celebration of the Communion Ser 
vice, and with a view of effecting uniformity in that respect. 
| A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that they concurred with the resolutions 
for the admission of the territory of Michigan as a Diocese 
in union with this Convention. Whereupon the Rev. Rich 
ard Bury, having presented testimonials of his appointment 
as a clerical Delegate from Michigan, took his seat in this 
House. 

The Rev. Dr. Rudd, from the Committee on Expenses, 
presented the following report : 



408 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The Committee on Expenses report that they have exam 
ined the accounts and vouchers herewith presented ; and 
that they find them correct, leaving still due from the Con 
vention to Messrs. T. & J. Swords, - $ 42.03 

To the New York Protesant Episcopal Press, 454.09 

$496.12 

The Committee deem it proper to remark, that as the 
quotas paid in by the several Dioceses at this Convention, 
will be required to discharge the present debts of the Con 
vention, provision should be made for meeting the expenses 
of the present session. They therefore propose the follow 
ing resolution : 

Resolved, That the Deputies from the several Dioceses 
l>e urged to transmit to the Secretary of this House their 
respective quotas, according to the ratio heretofore adopted, 
of 75 cents for each clergyman, at as early a day as may be 
practicable. JOHN C. RUDD, Chairman. 

The House, on motion, adopted the above resolution.f 

The House proceeded to take up a message from the 
House of Bishops, dated October 24, in reference to the 
Psalms in Metre. Whereupon it was 

Resolved, That this House do concur with the House 
of Bishops in the resolutions contained in the said message. 

Resolved, That a joint committee of six, including the 
President, be appointed on the Psalms in Metre. 

The Rev. Drs. Wyatt, Wilson, Turner and Montgomery, 
and Messrs. Donaldson and Meredith were appointed. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, con 
curring in the resolution to appoint a joint committee on 
the petition from Boston and its vicinity, and informing this 
House that they had appointed on their part the Right Rev. 
Bishops Griswold and Brownell. 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed to con 
fer with the House of Bishops in reference to the time and 
place of meeting of the next General Convention. The Rev. 
Dr. Gadsden, the Rev. Mr. Bronson, the Rev. Mr. Pardee and 
Messrs Nicklin and Winslow were appointed accordingly. 

* See Appendix E. 

f This resolution was afterward reconsidered, and the ratio fixed at one 
Dollar. 



1832.] JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 409 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session was 
granted to Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. Ide and Dr. Cooke. 

On motion, Resolved, That when this House adjourns it 
adjourns to meet at 7 o'clock this evening. 

The report on unfinished business was called up. Where 
upon it was Resolved, That the House of Bishops be re 
spectfully requested to consider the expediency of setting 
forth a prayer, and if they deem it expedient, to prepare such 
a prayer to be set forth for use in our churches, as an act of 
intercession in behalf of the General Convention during the 
meetings of the same. 

The proposed amendment to the 2d Article of the Con 
stitution having been called for, it was, on motion, Resolv 
ed, That the consideration of it be postponed indefinitely. 
( See Appendix B. ) 

Dr. Croswell, from the Committee on Canons, made a re 
port on certain Canons, which was adopted and ordered to 
be sent to the House of Bishops. 

The House adjourned. 

Seven o'clock, P. M. 

The House met. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that the Bishops intended, GOD willing, 
to proceed to an act of Episcopal Consecration on Wednes 
day morning next at St. Paul's Chapel, and further commu 
nicating the information that the House of Bishops would 
transmit to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies a Pas 
toral Letter during the present session of the Convention. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this House that they had passed a Special Canon in 
relation to the Diocese of Mississippi, Alabama, and the cler 
gy and churches in the State of Louisiana, and asking the 
concurrence of this House. The message, on motion, was 
laid upon the table. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House that they had, on their part, appointed 
as the joint committee on the Psalms in Metre, the Rt. Rev. 
Bishops White and Onderdonk of Pennsylvania. They also 
informed the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that they 
concurred in the resolution for the appointing of a joint com 
mittee to confer on the subject of the time and place of 



410 JOURNAL OP THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

meeting of the next General Convention, and had appointed 
on their part the Right Rev. Bishops Brownell and Bowen. 

The House on motion proceeded to take up for considera 
tion the Canon " On Episcopal Resignations," transmitted 
to them from the House of Bishops. After various altera 
tions and amendments had been proposed and adopted, the 
ayes and noes were called for by Orders and by States upon 
the passage of the Canon as amended. Whereupon it ap 
peared that of the Clergy ( 17 States being duly represented ) 
9 States had voted in the affirmative, viz. New Hampshire, 
Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary 
land, North Carolina, Tennessee, Michigan, and the clerical 
vote of 2 States, viz. Maine and South Carolina, was divided. 
And 6 States had voted in the negative, viz. Vermont, Mas 
sachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Virginia, and Georgia. 
Of the Laity (12 States being duly represented) the vote 
stood as follows : In the affirmative 7, viz. Maine, New Ham 
pshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Caroli 
na and South Carolina. In the negative 5, viz. Vermont, 
Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and Mississippi. 

Mr. Ogden gave notice that he should to-morrow move for 
a reconsideration of the above vote : whereupon Mr. Hogg 
objeeted to the said notice as out of order, Mr. Ogdeu hav 
ing voted in the minority on the said question. 

There appearing a concurrence of both orders, the Canon 
was declared by the Chair to have passed, and it was ordered 
by the House to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session was grant 
ed to the Rev. Mr. Holcomb. 

The House adjourned. 



TUESDAY, October 30, 1832. 

The House met. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Mr. Sparrow of 
Ohio. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and ap 
proved. 

Leave of absence for the remainder of the session was 
granted to the Rev. Dr. De Lancey, and the Rev. Messrs. 
Bury and Bowman. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in re 
lation to the expediency of setting forth a Prayer, to be used 
in behalf of the General Convention, and requesting the con 
currence of this House to certain resolutions. The House 
concurred in the same.* 

The House of Bishops, by message, informed the House 
that they had concurred in the amendments to the Canon 
" Of Episcopal Resignations." 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House, that they would proceed to the conse 
cration of the Bishops elect, on Wednesday morning next, 
at St. Paul's Chapel ; and that they were induced to agree 
to the consecration of a Bishop for the Diocese of Ohio, in 
consequence of the passage of the Canon " Of Episcopal Res 
ignations ;" a measure deemed essential by them, in order to 
prevent future injury from the precedent of the resignation 
which has led to the consecration. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this House of a declaration which the Bishops had 
caused to be entered on their Journals, in reference to the 
connection between the Presidency of the College of Gam- 
bier, and the Episcopacy of the Diocese of Ohio. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in re 
lation to certain Canons sent to them by the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies. 

The Standing Committee on the Theological Seminary, 
made the following report : 

The Committee to whom was referred the report of th3 
Trustees of the General Theological Seminary of the Protest 
ant Episcopal Church in the United States, have had the 
same under consideration, and respectfully report, 

That they have examined this document, and are satisfied 
that it furnishes a correct statement of the progress of the 
Seminary since the last Triennial Convention, and of its 
present condition ; and they beg leave to refer to the "same 
for any information that may be desired in relation to this 
interesting and important Institution. With this view, they 
request that it may be appended to the Journals of the Con 
vention. 

They would also recommend, that the report of a Com- 

* See Journal of the House of Bishops. 



412 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

mittee of the Board of Trustees, on the income and expend 
iture of the Seminary, adopted at the last meeting of the 
Board, and laid before the members of this Convention, be 
appended in like manner to the Journals. 

There are several points recommended in these documents 
to the attention of the Convention, which your Committee 
beg leave to propose in the form of resolutions. 

Resolved, That the following amendment be made in the 
Constitution of the Seminary ; and be inserted in the 3d 
section after the words " for which they are appointed." 

*' Upon the removal of any Trustee from the Diocese for 
which he shall have been appointed, his office shall thence 
forth be vacated, and the Board of Trustees shall have pow 
er to supply the vacancy pursuant to the provisions of the 
third article of the Constitution/' 

Resolved, as the sense of this Convention, That it is ab 
solutely imperative upon the Board of Trustees not to suffer 
the capital fund of the Seminary to be diminished ; and that 
as the income does not meet the the annual expenditure, 
and this state of things must continue until the valuble leg 
acies left to this Institution shall become available ; there 
fore, until this period, the General Convention does earnestly 
recommend that through the intervention of the Bishops or 
Standing Committees, collections be made yearly on some 
fixed day, in the churches of every State and Diocese ; and 
the Reverend clergy or vestries of the different parishes are 
requested, without delay to remit the sums which may be 
raised in their respective churches, or otherwise, to the 
Treasurer of the Seminary. All of which is respectfully 
submitted. Signed by order. 

JONA. M. WAINWRIGHT. 

The report was accepted, and the resolutions therein pass 
ed and sent to the House of Bishops. (See Appendix C 
and D). 

The same Committee also made the following report : 

The Committee of this House on the Theological Sem 
inary beg leave to report, that the following Dioceses have 
nominated Trustees, according to the provisions of the Con 
stitution, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, 
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, South 
Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 413 

New Hampshire : Eev. Charles Burroughs, Edward 
Cutts, Esq. 2. 

Massachusetts : Rev. Asa Eaton, D. D., Rev. George W. 
Doane, Rev. Fdward Ballard, Edward H. Robbins, Esq., 
Henry Codman, Esq. 5. 

Connecticut : Rev. Daniel Burhans, D. D., Rev. Harry 
Croswell, D. D., Rev. N. S. Wheaton, D. D., Rev. Bethel 
Judd, D. D., Nathan Smith, Esq., Burrage Beach, Esq., 
Richard Adams, Esq., Philip S. Canon, Esq. 8. 

New York: Rev. David Butler, D. D., Rev. Thomas 
Lyell, D. D., Rev. William Berrian, D. D., Rev. John Me 
Vickar, D. D , Rev. James Milnor, D. D., Rev. William 
Creighton, D. D., Rev. Jona. M. Wainwright, D. D., Rev. 
Henry Anthon, D. D., Rev. Lucius Smith, Rev. John 
Reed, D. D., Rev. Francis El. Cumirig, Rev. John Frederick 
Schroeder, Rev. Thomas Breintnall, Rev. Lewis P. Bayard, 
Rev. John Brown, Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D. D., Rev. Rich 
ard S. Mason, D. D., Rev. P. Alexis Proal, Nehemiah Rogers, 
Esq., David S.Jones, Esq., Thomas S. Townsend, Esq., Ed- 
war dR. Jones, Esq., Stephen Warren, Esq., Thomas L. Og- 
den, Esq., Isaac Lawrence, Esq., David E. Evans, Esq., 
Jacob Lorrillard, Esq., Hon. James Emott, Hon. Nathan 
Williams, John C. Spencer, Esq., William Johnson, Esq., 
David B. Ogden, Esq., Floyd Smith, Esq., Peter A. Jay, 
Esq., Gideon Lee, Esq., H. G. Wisner, Esq., William H. 
Harison, Esq. 37. 

New Jersey : Rev. Frederick Beasley, D. D., Rev. John 
Croes, Dr. Edward Carroll, George Wo'odruff, Esq. 4. 

Pennsylvania : Rev. James Montgomery, D. D., Rev. 
William H. De Lancey, D. D., Rev. William Cooper Mead, 
D. D., Rev. George Upt'old, D. D., Rev. John Rodney, Jr., 
Rev. John W. James, Hon. Daniel Scott, John Read, Esq., 
William Meredith, Esq., Daniel St. Glair, Esq., Hon. John 
Reed. 11. 

Maryland : Rev. William E. Wyatt, D. D., Rev. John 
Johns, Rev. J. P. K. Henshaw, D. D., Rev. J. V. Bar tow, 
Rev. Joseph Spencer, D. D., Hon. Judge Bruce, Hon. Judge 
Eccleston, Francis S. Key, Esq., J. C. Herbert, Esq. 9. 

South Carolina: Rev. Christopher E. Gadsden, D. D., 
Rev. Allston Gibbes, Rev. Christian Hanckel, Rev. Paul T. 
Gervais, Rev. T. H. Taylor, Thomas Lowudes, Esq., Wil- 



414 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

liam Heyward, Esq., Daniel E. Huger, Esq., Dr. James Stu 
art, Dr. Philip Tidyman. 10. 

Georgia : Rev. Edward Neufville. 1. 

Mississippi : William Newton Mercer, D. D. 1. 

Tennessee : Rev. George Weller. 1. 

Your Committee recommend that these nominations be 
now confirmed. 

Your Committee further report, that the following Dio 
ceses not having nominated any Trustees to the General 
Convention, are entitled to the same Trustees as have be 
fore been nominated to, and confirmed by the General Con 
vention, who, according to the Constitution, continue in 
office until their successors are appointed. 

Rhode Island : Rev. Nathan B. Crocker, D. D., Rev. 
Salmon Wheaton. 2. 

Vermont : Rev. Abraham Bronson. 1. 

Delaware : Hon. Samuel Paynter. 1. 

Virginia : Rev. Ruel Keith, D. D., Rev. Nicholas H. 
Cobbs, Rev. Henry W. Ducachet, M. D.. Rev. Edward Mc- 
Guire, Dr. Carter Berkeley. Philip Nelson, Esq. 6. 

North Carolina : Rev. John Avery, Hon. Duncan Cam 
eron, Josiah Collins, Esq. 3. 

Signed by order, and in behalf of the Committee, 
JONA. M. WAINWRIGHT. 

The above report was accepted, the nominations therein 
contained confirmed, and notice thereof sent to the House 
of Bishops. 

The Standing Committee on the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society made the following report : 

The Committee on " The Domestic and Foreign Mission 
ary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Unit 
ed States," to whom the Triennial Report of the said So 
ciety was referred, beg leave to report to this House that 
they have had the same under consideration, and, after duly 
examining and weighing its interesting contents, they can 
not refrain from expressing their high gratification at the 
abundant evidence it furnishes of the progressive resources 
and usefulness of the Institution, and of its prospective in 
crease and permanency. Identified as missionary operations 
are with the very spirit of the Gospel involved as they are 
iu all the practical obligations of promoting the beneficent 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 415 

sway of the Gospel necessary as they are to the advance 
ment and prosperity of the Church of the Gospel and 
evincive as they are of a due and sincere appreciation of the 
hope of the Gospel, we cannot but regard the increasing in 
terest taken in them as an evidence of spiritual improve 
ment among the members of our Church, as an augury of 
good things to come. 

But with these expressions of gratification, your Commit 
tee are obliged to mingle some of regret, that the operations 
of the Society have not been adequate either to the wants 
or resources of the Church ; and that so many opportuni 
ties of usefulness have been unimproved in consequence of 
the want of laborers in the harvest of the LORD. In re 
gard to this last particular, your Committee indulge the hope, 
that in answer to the frequent prayers of the Church, the 
distressing want may be ere long supplied and in that 
event, they would confidently calculate upon resources ade 
quate to every exigency of the missionary enterprise. 

But to induce a participation on the part of this House in 
their sensibilities upon this subject, your Committee will 
exhibit briefly some leading facts drawn from the report 
referred to them, and follow the statement by a few remarks 
by way of illustration and improvement. 

The facts relate 

1. To the resources of the institution. During the three 
pn-ceding years there has been a progressive increase in its 
annual income, as will appear from the following statement. 
From May 12, 1829, to May 12, 1830 the 

receipts were - . - $7,305 30 

From May 12, 1830, to May 12,1831, - 12,764 63 

From May 12, 1831, to May 12, 1832, - 16,443 20 

From May 12, 1832, to Oct. 13, 1832, 10,239 17 

2. To the present responsibilities of the Society. 
These are 

On account of the Greek Missions, 

Green Bay Missions, - 
Domestic Missionaries, - 

Appropriation to other domestic objects, - 

Making a total amount of - - $11,750 

3. To the increase of members; which has been very 
'trifling, and which would be withheld from public view, 




416 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

were it not hoped that the statement of the truth, would 
stimulate a more adequate patronage. 

Since the last meeting of the Society, there have been 
added to the list of Members only 10 

" " Life Members 41 

" " Patrons, - - 38 

Making altogether 58 Members, 85 Life do., 108 Pat 
rons. 

4. To Auxiliary Associations. 

Within the last three years there have been 30 added. 
Whole number auxiliary to the Society, about 75. 
About 30 other associations have contributed to its funds, 
but, whether expressly auxiliary, is not known. 

The whole amount contributed by Auxiliary Associations 
during the last 17 months is $10,266 83 

5. Plans of contribution to the funds. 

Early in 1831, a proposal was made to the Executive 
Committee, by a friend of the Society in Portland, to con 
tribute $50 per annum for five years, provided 99 other 
persons would give the like sum so that $25,000 might be 
raised for the general purposes of the Society. Your Com 
mittee regret to state that 23 names only are enrolled in be 
half of tliis munificent plan. 

In the autumn of 1831, the Executive Committee received 
a letter from a friend of the Society, enclosing $10, and in 
quiring whether 300 persons might not be found to imitate 
his example, and thus secure a fund of $3000 to be appro 
priated to the erection of edifices for the accommodation of 
the schools and families connected with the Greek Mission. 
There are now upon the list 130 subscribers. 

6. To Bequests. 

Since the last meeting of the Society $1,700 have been 
bequeathed to the Society. 

7. It is known to the members of this Convention that 
there have been periodical publications of the proceedings 
and results of the Society. These have been found highly 
promotive of its interests, and their acceptableness and 
beneficial effects have been attested by many jndicious friends 
of the institution. Your Committee are strongly impressed 
with the necessity of missionary information, to the success 
of missionary operations, and would urgently recommend 
the continuance of these periodical statements, in the shape 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 417 

of a monthly publication, the expense of which might be 
met by a moderate annual subscription. 

8. To Missionaries. 

Within the last 36 months, 27 persons have been in the 
employ of the Society. 

9. Missionary Stations. 

At Green Bay there were at the date of the last account 
129 pupils. 

The number of boarders was 50 males and 54 females. 

These pupils being with few exceptions of Indian de 
scent are instructed in the elementary branches of an Eng 
lish education ; to which is added, in the case of the girls, 
housekeeping. 

This Mission appears to have been an object of peculiar 
interest to the Executive Committee, whose plans in relation 
to it have been most faithfully and successfully executed by 
their able and zealous agent who superintends the Mission, 
the Rev. Mr. Cadle. Should he continue his connection with 
the Mission, there can be no doubt that all the labors and 
expenditures bestowed upon it, will be amply repaid by its 
beneficial results. 

Overtures have been made by the Education and Mission 
ary Society of the Diocese of New York to the Eexecutive 
Committee, to assume the entire responsibility and manage 
ment of this Mission. The Society has sanctioned the pro 
ject, and have devolved the necessary arrangements upon the 
Executive Committee. 

In Michigan, there are stations at Detroit, Monroe, Ann 
Arbor, Dexter and Ypsilanti. 

Missionary aid has been extended to Tennessee and Ken 
tucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois and Alabama. 

In Florida there are three stations, viz. Tallahassee, St. 
Augustine, and Pensacola. In the last two, commodious 
and neat churches have been erected by the instrumentality 
of the Society, which, we regret to state, are now destitute 
of ministerial services. The first named place, Tallahassee, 
presents an encouraging field of missionary labor, which, 
from the growing importance of the place, would, under the 
auspices of a faithful missionary, soon become a most 
promising station. 

The copious publications of the reports and letters of our 
valuable missionaries to Greece, through the medium, of tlia 



418 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

periodical paper, have diffused a knowledge of that interest 
ing Mission among the members of our Church. The mission 
families have, established themsalves in Athens, where they 
have zealously prosecuted their important labors. These 
have been confined, for the most part, to the education of 
Greek children, who, while they are rescued from their in 
tellectual degradation, are carefully instructed in, and im 
bued with, the principles of that knowledge that mdk.th 
wise unto salvation. 

110 boys and 167 girls, making a total number of 277, were 
at the last dates, receiving the benefit of this labor of love. 

The Mission has been well sustained by the contributions 
of its friends, and will no doubt be subservient to the pro 
motion of the temporal and spiritual welfare of the objects 
of its beneficence. In relation to Africa, it is with the 
deepest regret that your Committee perceive that the fond 
and sanguine hopes entertained at the last triennial meeting, 
of having Missionaries on her degraded shores, have been, 
bv uncontrollable circumstances, altogether frustrated. 
Much is it to be wished that the time may not be distant, 
when the prayers and ardent desires of the friends of hu 
manity, may be realized by supplying to the wretched in 
habitants of that country, the consolations and hopes, the 
improvement and exaltation, which can spring only from 
the Gospel of CHRIST. 

To the helping forward of such a consummation, we 
should be incited by the strongest motives that can actuate 
us, either as men or as Christians. 

Having thus reviewed the prominent facts presented by 
the report before us, we shall proceed to ground upon them 
a few brief remarks. 

And the first remark we shall make is, that it is abund 
antly manifest, from a review of the triennial report, that 
nothing is wanting under GOD, to an adequate supply of re 
sources for all the missionary exigencies of the Church, but 
a general and uniform plan of co-operation among her 
members. It cannot be questioned that there exist among 
us resources entirely competent to all the claims of Gospel 
benevolence. All that is wanting is the ready will and the 
good heart. We are perfectly sensible that these come alone 
from the inspiration of the HOLY GHOST. But we are at 
the same time sure that His gracious influences are dispensed 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 419 

through means; and that among the most efficient instru 
mentalities of his agency, will always be found an engage 
ment in those plans and arrangements which contemplate 
the supply of funds for the missionary enterprise. Should 
there be, throughout our Communion, a general organization 
of parochial associations auxiliary to this Society, there can 
be no doubt, in the opinion of your Committee, that it 
would not only secure a competency of resources, but would 
have a most auspicious bearing upon the spiritual interests 
of the members of the Church. And where the love of 
GOD exists in the heart, there will be no deficiency of the 
means necessary to the accomplishment of his gracious de 
signs and counsels, and to the fulfilment of the purposes of 
his grace and mercy as involved in the gradual but, sure dif 
fusion of his Gospel over the habitable world. Were 
Christians but duly impressed with a sense of their respon 
sibility in this respect, how would that blessed period be 
accelerated, when the kingdoms of the earth shall become 
the kingdoms of the LORD and of his CHRIST. 

As another mean of promoting the objects of the Society, 
we would signalize the regular and copious publication 
of authentic missionary information. That the publications 
of the Society have been highly beneficial in exciting and 
nourishing an interest in its concerns, we are fully convinced, 
and we cannot doubt that their continuance upon some 
economical and permanent plan, will be found intimately 
connected with its future prosperity and efficiency. 

Your Committee would further remark, that the domes 
tic operations of the Society, with the exception of the 
Mission at Green Bay, do not appear to have been on a scale 
commensurate with the distressing wants of the Church in 
this respect. But this, they feel assured, has not arisen 
from any want of interest in this behalf, on the part of 
the Executive Committee. On the contrary, they appear 
to have manifested an earnest desire to improve every op 
portunity of action in this department, to which they have 
faithfully devoted every dollar available to the purpose ; 
and their operations in which have been necessarily limited 
by the want of missionaries and resources. Could an ade 
quate supply of the former be obtained, there would be no 
deficiency of the latter. 

To correct an erroneous impression upon the minds of 



420 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [18 32. 

some, your Committee think it proper to state, that not a 
cent of the funds destined for domestic missions has been 
appropriated to any foreign object. The Committee per 
ceive abundant evidence of the expediency of that feature 
of the Society's constitution, which gives to every contribu 
tor the option of designating the object of his munificence. 
And they confidently invoke the fullest reliance of the mem 
bers of the Church upon the fidelity of the Executive Com 
mittee in this respect. 

In conclusion, your Committee would suggest the adop 
tion by this House of the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the churches 
throughout our Communion, with the consent of their re 
spective ecclesiastical authorities, to form associations, aux 
iliary to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestent Episcopal Church in the United States. 

Resolved, That the periodical publication of this Society 
as a mean of promoting an interest in its objects deserves 
the encouragement and support of the friends of the Society 
to which it is hereby cordially commended. 

JAMES MONTGOMERY, Chairman. 

New- York, Oct. 30, 1832. 

The above report was accepted, and the resolutions there 
in offered, passed. 

The joint Committee on the time and place of meeting 
of the next General Convention, submitted the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the next Triennial General Convention of 
this Church be held in the city of Philadelphia, on the sec 
ond Wednesday of July in the year of our Lord 1835. 

It was moved and seconded, to strike out the word " Phil 
adelphia," and insert " Baltimore." Lost. 

Moved to strike out the words "second Wednesday of 
July," and insert " third Wednesday in August." Carried. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, 
informing this House of their concurrence in the confirmation 
of the nominations of Trustees for the Theological Semi 
nary. 

The House of Bishops further informed this House by 
message, that they concurred in the appointment of the time 
and place of meeting of the next General Convention. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 421 

On motion, resolved. That when this house adjourns, it 
adjourns to meet this evening at half past 5 o'clock. 

On motion, resolved, That at the hour of reading the 
Pastoral Letter, the House of Bishops be respectfully re 
quested to attend in this House ; and that the presiding 
Bishop be requested to read the same. 

Resolved, That the House of Bishops be informed that 
this House will be ready to receive the Pastoral Letter at 
8 o'clock this evening. 

The House proceeded to take up the report of the joint 
Committee on Canons, together with the amendments pro 
posed by the House of Bishops ; and after considering the 
same, and passing certain Canons, ordered them to be sent 
to the House of Bishops. 

The House adjourned. 

Half past 5 P. M. 

The House assembled. 

The Special Canon sent to this house by the House of 
Bishops, in reference to the Diocese of Mississippi, Alabama, 
and the churches and clergy in Louisiana, was taken up, 
passed, and notice thereof sent to the House of Bishops. 

The joint Committee on the Petition from members of the 
Church in Boston and its vicinity, presented the following 
report, which was accepted, and the Secretary was directed 
to transmit a copy of the same to the petitioners. 

The joint Committee appointed by the House of Bishops 
and this house, on the petition of members of the Episcopal 
Churches and congregations in Boston and its vicinity in 
the State of Massachusetts, report 

That they have taken into deliberate and respectful con 
sideration the subject committed to them. They are fully 
aware that the number and great respectability of the per 
sons who present this petition, and the very deep interest 
they take in the welfare of the Church, entitle them 
to a very large share of the notice and regard of this Con 
vention. But the Committee would state, that this peti 
tion before them was not presented till yesterday, being 
near the close of the session ; and that in consequence of 
the amount of unfinished business before the Convention, 
there would be neither time nor opportunity for a full and 
proper consideration of said petition. 

CHARLES BURROUGHS, Chairman. 



422 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The house on motion proceeded to reconsider the resolu 
tion adopted by them, in reference to the contingent ex 
penses of the Convention. 

Whereupon, the following substitute was proposed, and 



Resolved That in order to defray the contingent expenses 
of this session of the General Convention, the deputies from 
the several Dioceses be requested to pay, or cause to be 
transmitted to the Secretary of this house, their respective 
quotas, according to the ratio of one dollar for each clergy 
man within said Diocese, at as early a day as may be prac 
ticable. 

Resolved, That the Secretary be requested to take such 
measures as he may deem expedient, to carry the above 
resolution into effect. 

On motion, resolved, That the Committee on the Psalms 
in Metre, be authorized to make the best arrangements they 
can with Booksellers, in the disposal of the proposed book, 
consisting of the authorized selection of Psalms and Hymns. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops, in 
forming this house that they had concurred in the amend 
ments adopted and communicated to the House of Bishops, 
in the Canons from Canon 1 to Canon 34 inclusive, and 
had passed the same. 

Resolved, That a joint Committee, consisting on the part 
of this house of the Secretary, Assistant Secretary, and the 
Kev. Dr. Wainwright, be appointed to take the necessary 
steps to have the Journals, Canons, &c., printed. 

The house proceeded to the consideration of the Canons 
reported by the joint Committee, and the amendments of 
the House of Bishops. 

On motion, resolved, That this house non-concurs with 
the House of Bishops in striking out the 35th Canon, and 
that said Canon be restored. 

The Canons from the 35th to the 53d were then consid 
ered, and after various alterations and amendments were 
passed, and sent to the House of Bishops. 

Resolved, That when this house adjourns, it adjourns to 
meet to-morrow morning, after Divine Service at St. Paul's 
Chapel. 

Resolved, That 2000 copies of the Journal be printed, 
that 200 copies be reserved in the hands of the Secretary, 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 423 

and that two copies be transmitted by him to every Clergy 
man of the Church, to the members of this Convention, to 
the Secretaries of the Standing Committees, and to the 
Bishops. 

Resolved, That the Canons as passed by this Convention 
be appended to the Journals, and that 1000 extra copies of 
the Canons be printed for sale. 

Resolved, That the Secretary be authorized to employ a 
clerk to transcribe under his direction, the minutes of the 
proceedings of this house in the Record Book. 

The house suspended business to receive the House of 
Bishops, and hear the Pastoral Letter road by the presiding 
Bishop. When the Bishops had retired, the house recom 
menced proceedings. Whereupon it was resolved, That 
1000 copies of the Pastoral Letter be published. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be presented 
to the President, Secretary and Assistant Secretaries, for 
the services rendered by them respectively, during this 
session.* 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this house of their concurrence in the resolution 
relative to arrangement to be made with Booksellers by the 
joint Committee on the Psalms in Metre, and also in the 
resolution on the petition of members of this Church in 
Boston and its vicinity. The House of Bishops further 
statt-d their concurrence in the appointment of' a joint Com 
mittee on printing the Journal, Canons, &c., and that they 
had appointed on their part the Eight Rev. Bishop Onder- 
douk of New York and the Secretary of their house. 

A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this house that they non-concurred in restoring the 
2d section of Canon 41st and in their amendments to Can 
on 53, and requesting this House to appoint a committee to 
confer with the Committee of the House of Bishops (Bish 
ops Brownelland B. T. Onderdouk) on the subject of the 
said Canons. 

The following resolution was also communicated by the 
House of Bishops to this house. 

" Resolved, That with the above exceptions this house 

The Secretary begs leare to make hii personal acknowledgements, for their aid during 
the session, to the Key Dr's. Hawks and Woinwright, and to the Rev. Messrs. Neutvllle, 
liiiiglit and McElhiney. 



424 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

concur with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies in 
their amendments to the Canons/' 

On motion, resolved, That a Committee of Conference 
be appointed to confer with the Bishops upon the above 
subject. The Rev. Dr. Montgomery, the Rev. Mr. Green 
and Mr. Newton were appointed accordingly. 

The Committee having conferred with the Committee on 
the part of the Bishops, reported a resolution recommending 
to this house that they recede from their amendments to 
Canons 41 and 53. Whereupon on motion the house re 
ceded from said amendments. 

The house adjourned. 



WEDNESDAY, October 31, 1832. 

The house attended Divine Service in St. Paul's Chapel 
on occasion of the Consecration of the Rev. 'John H. Hop 
kins, D. D., Bishop elect of the Diocese of Vermont, the 
Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, D. D., Bishop elect of the Dio 
cese of Kentucky, the Rev. Charles P. Mcllvaine, D. D., 
Bishop elect of the Diocese of Ohio, and the Rev. George W. 
Doane, A. M., Bishop elect of the Diocese of New Jersey. 

Morning Prayer was read by the Rev. Dr. Wyait, Presi 
dent of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, assisted by 
the Rev. Bird Wilson, D. D., Secretary of the House of 
Bishops. The Sermon was preached by the Right Rev. 
Henry U. Underdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop of the Dio 
cese of Pennsylvania, and the Consecration was performed 
by the Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, assisted by the 
other Bishops present. 

After the services the house assembled. 

The minutes of yesterday's proceedings were read and 
approved. 

On motion, resolved, That the Committee of Publica 
tion have power to arrange the Canons according to their 
titles, in such order as they may deem to be most ex 
pedient. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this house be presented to 
the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk for his Consecration Ser 
mon, and that he be requested to furnish a copy for publica 
tion. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 425 

Resolved,, That the Rev. Dr. Lyell and Dr. Duer be a 
committee to carry the above resolution iato effect. 

The Rev. Dr. Ducachet and Mr. Warren were appointed 
to wait on the House of Bishops and inform them that this 
house is ready to rise, and respectfully request the Bishops 
to unite with this house and close the session with suitable 
acts of devotion and their Benediction. 

The House of Bishops then joined this house. Some 
appropriate Prayers and Collects from the Liturgy were 
read by the Presiding Bishop ; the 133d Psalm in metre 
was sung ; and the Benediction pronounced by the presid 
ing Bishop. 

The Bishops having retired, the house adjourned sine die. 
Signed by order of the house. 

WILLIAM E. WYATT, D. D., President. 
Attest, 

HENRY ANTHON, D. D., Secretary. 



JOURNAL 

OF THE 

Ijfonsf of jBi 




NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, 17th OCTOBER, 1832, ) 
f 2 Half past 10 o'clock, A. M. \ 

|I |;5 being the day and place appointed, by a resolu 
tion of the last General Convention, for the meet 
ing of the General Convention of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, the 
Eight Rev. William White, D. D., of Pennsylvania; the 
Eight Eev. Alexander Viets Griswold, D. D., of the East 
ern Diocese ; the Eight Eev. Nathaniel Bowen, D. D., of 
South Carolina ; the Eight Eev. Thomas Church Brownell, 
D. D., LL. D., of Connecticut ; the Eight Eev. Henry Us- 
tick Onderdonk, D. D., Assistant Bishop of Pennsylvania ; 
the Eight Eev. William Meade,D. D., Assistant Bishop of 
Virginia ; the Eight Eev. William Murray Stone, D. D., of 
Maryland ; the Eight Eev. Benjamin Tredwell Onderdonk, 
D. D., of New York ; and the Eight Eev. Levi Silliman 
Ives, D. D., of North Carolina, attended Divine Service in 
St. Paul's Chapel. The Morning Service was read by the 
Eev. James Montgomery, D. D., of Pennsylvania, assisted 
by the Eev. Stephen W. Prestman, of Delaware, and a Ser 
mon preached by the Eight Eev. Bishop Onderdonk, of 
Pennsylvaina ; after which the Communion was administered 
by the presiding Bishop, assisted by other Bishops. 

After Divine Service, the Bishops assembled in the ves 
try-room of St. Paul's Chapel. 

The Eev. Bird Wilson, D. D., was appointed Secretary. 

The Eight. Eev. Bishop Onderdonk, of New- York, hav 
ing informed the house that St. John's Chapel has been 
prepared for the accommodation of the Convention, it was 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 427 

on motion, resolved, That when this house adjourn, they 
adjourn to meet tw-morrow at 10 o'clock, A. M., at St. 
John's Chapel ; and ordered, That information of this reso 
lution be given to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 
Adjourned. 



Thursday, 18th October, 1832, 10 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service in St John's Chapel with the house of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies. 

Present, as yesterday, except the Rt. Rev. Bishop Gris- 
wokl, absent on account of indisposition. 

The minutes of yesterday were read and approved. 

The Rev. Dr. Mead and Mr. Newton, a Committee of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, informed the Bishops 
that that house had chosen the Rev. Dr. Wyatt of Mary 
land, their President, and the Rev. Dr. Anthon of New- 
York, Secretary ; and were organized and ready to proceed 
to business. The Bishops communicated, by that Commit 
tee, information to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, that they also were organized and ready to proceed to 
business : and had chosen the Rev. Dr. Wilson their Secre 
tary. 

A letter of B. M. Atherton, Esq., transmitting a copy 
of two resolutions of the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio, 
certified by the Rev. Wm. Sparrow, Secretary of that Con 
vention, was read. The resolutions are in the following 
words : 

ftesolved, " That the Right Reverend the Bishops of the 
Protestent Episcopal Church of the United States of Amer 
ica, be and are hereby earnestly invoked, to exercise the 
power of Visitants of the Theological Seminary of the Dio 
cese of Ohio, according to the provisions of the Constitu 
tion of the said Seminary. 

Resolved, " That the General Convention of the Protes 
tent Episcopal Church in the United States of America, is 
requested to notice the rules, regulations, statutes, and oth 
er proceedings of the Trustees of the Seminary of this Dio 
cese, with a view to the supervision of the same, as contem 
plated in the Constitution of said Seminary." 



428 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Whereupon, resolved, That the said letter and resolu 
tions be communicated to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies ; and that a committee be appointed to confer 
with a committee of that house (if they think proper to 
appoint one) on the said resolutions. The Right Rev. Bish 
op Bowen was appointed the Committee on the part of this 
house. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, seconded 
by the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, the following resolution 
was adopted and directed to be communicated to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies. Whereas, the Right Rev. 
the presiding Bishop, has stated to this house a report that 
the Right Rev. Philander Chase, has relinquished the Epis 
copal charge of the Diocese of Ohio, and has removed to a 
territory beyond the organized jurisdiction of this Church : 
therefore, 

Resolved., That a joint committee be appointed to inquire 
into the facts in relation to the said relinquishment, and 
report the same to the Convention ; together with their 
opinion whether any, and if any, what measures it may be 
expedient and proper for this Convention to adopt in the 
premises. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to the resolutions of the Convention 
of Ohio accompanying the letter of B. M. Atherton, Esq ; 
on which subject, the Rev. Dr. Rudd and Peter A. Jay, 
Esq., were appointed a committee on the part of that 
house. 

Information was also sent from that house, through 
their Secretary, the Rev. Dr. Anthon, that seats are pro 
vided for the Right Rev. the Bishops, when they shall 
choose to attend the deliberations of that house. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information that that house concurred 
in the appointment of a joint committee on the subject of 
the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge in the Diocese of 
Ohio : and that the Rev. Drs. De Lancey, Lyell, and Crock 
er of the Clergy, and Messrs. Beach, Duer, and Donaldson 
of the Laity, were appointed the committee on the part of 
the house. 

Whereupon the Bishops appointed the Right Rev. the 
presiding Bishop, with the Right Rev. Rishops Brownell 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 429 

and Meade, a Committee on their part ; information of 
which was sent to that house. 

A Protest of certain members of the Convention of Ohio, 
against the late election of a Bishop for that Diocese was 
laid before the house by the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, 
of New- York, which was read and referred to the joint com 
mittee on the relinquishment of the Episcopal Charge in the 
said Diocese. 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning at ten o,clock. 



Friday, October 29, 1832. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The following resolution of the house of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, adopted on the 18th of October, was communica 
ted. 

Resolved, " That this house will meet daily at 10 o'clock, 
A. M., and commence business with the Morning Prayer, 
and adjourn at 3 o'clock, P. M." In this resolution the 
Bishops concurred. 

The report of the joint committee on the resolutions of 
the Convention of Ohio, transmitted in the letter of B. M. 
Atherton, Esq., was presented and read as follows : 
" To the General Convention of the Protestent Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America. 

The joint committee to whom was referred certain reso 
lutions of the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio, respect 
fully report, 

That in the Constitution of the Theological Seminary of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Ohio, there 
is an article in the following words : 

'ART. VII. If at any time the General Convention of tho 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of Amer 
ica, shall, by resolution entered on their Journals, declare 
any rule, regulation, statute, or other proceeding of the 
Board of Trustees hereby constituted, to be contrary to the 
doctrine, discipline, constitution and canons of the Church, 



430 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

or to the course of study prescribed by the Bishops, such rule, 
regulation, statute or other proceed ings, shall thenceforth 
cease to have effect, and shall be considered as abrogated 
and annulled/ 

The foregoing article is the only authority for the inter 
ference of this Convention in relation to the proceedings of 
the Trustees. 

In the month of September last, the Convention of the 
Diocese of Ohio passed the following resolution, 'Resolved, 
That the General Convention of the Protestant Episco 
pal Church in the United States of America, is requested 
to notice the rules, regulations, statutes and other proceed 
ings of the Trustees of the Seminary of Ohio Diocese, with 
a view to the supervision of the same, contemplated in the 
Constitution of the Seminary.' 

The Convention of Ohio have not pointed out any rule, 
regulation, statute or proceeding of the Trustees, which is 
contrary to the doctrine, discipline, constitution or canons 
of the Church, or to the course of study prescribed by the 
Bishops. 

If there be no such impropriety in the acts or proceed 
ings of the Trustees, this Convention can have no right, to 
interfere ; if there has been any improper proceeding, the 
committee think it should have been pointed out. 

Even if this Convention were willing to notice all the 
rules, regulations, statutes and other proceedings of the Trus 
tees, according to the request of the Convention of Ohio, it 
would be necessary that all these proceedings be laid before 
them. And for want of them, it is impossible to comply 
with the application of the Convention of Ohio." 

And on motion the said report was accepted and ap 
proved ; notice whereof was sent to the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies. 

The following resolution was passed, and sent to the other 
house for concurrence : 

'"Resolved, That the Prayers directed in the Liturgy to 
be used at the sittings of this Convention, be printed and 
distributed in the pews of the church." 

The presiding Bishop presented the report of the joint 
Committee on the Canons appointed in 1829. Whereupon, 

Resolved, That the same be referred to a joint Committee 
of the present Convention. The Bight Rev. the presiding 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 431 

Bishop, with the Eight Kev. Bishops Bowen and Onderdonk 
(of Pennsylvania) were named the Committee on the part 
of this House. The resolution was communicated to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for concurrence. 

The resolution of the Convention of Ohio, (being the 
first of those communicated with the letter of B. M. 
Atherton, Esq.,) having been considered by the Bishops, it 
was on motion, 

Resolved, That as a House, it does not appear in con 
formity with the provisions of the 7th article of the Con 
stitution of the Theological Seminary of the Diocese of 
Ohio, competent for the Bishops to exercise the pow^r of 
Visitants as so desired ; and that it be considered discretion 
ary with each of the Bishops of this Church, to act under 
the said article of the Constitution of the Seminary of the 
Diocese of Ohio, as may seem to him good, until the Con 
stitution of the said Seminary shall, in this particular, be 
altered. 

Resolved, That the above resolution of this House be com- 
municatd to Mr. Atherton, in reply to his communication 
accompanying the resolution of the Convention of the 
Diocese of Ohio, referred to in the said resolution. 

A resolution of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
was communicated as follows : 

Resolved, That a committee of two be appointed by this 
House to confer with a committee of the House of Bishops, 
in relation to the accommodation of the Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary Society, with reasonable time for the 
despatch of their business, and to the designation of some 
time at which the Convention will adjourn for the above 
purpose. And the Bishops were informed that the Rev. Dr. 
Montgomery and Mr. Tuckermun, were appointed the 
Committee on the part of that House. Whereupon, the 
House of Bishops concurred in the resolution, and appointed, 
as a Committee on their part, the Right Rev. Bishops On 
derdonk (of New- York) and Ives; notice whereof was sent 
to the other House. 

A message was also received from the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, that they concur in the resolution to 
print the Prayer directed in the Liturgy to be used at the 
sittings of the Convention. 

The report of the joint Committee on the relinquish- 



432 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

ment of the Episcopal Charge of the Diocese of Ohio, was 
presented as follows : 

The joint Committee to whom was referred thepreamable 
and resolution from the House of Bishops, in relation to the 
relinquiehment of the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of 
Ohio, by the Right Rev. Bishop Chase, beg leave respect 
fully to report, 

That they have had before them the orignal letter of the 
Right Rev. Bishop Chase, dated the 9th of September, 
1831, and addressed to the Convention of the Diocese of 
Ohio, declaring his resignation of the Episcopate of the 
said Diocese, and also a certified copy of a resolution of the 
convention of Ohio, accepting the said resignation. 

The Committee have also received satisfactory testimony, 
that previous to the 5th of September, 1832, the Right 
Rev. Bishop Chase had sold his estate in Ohio, and had 
purchased a tract of land in the Territory of Michigan ; and 
that, by his Attorney, B. M. Atherton, Esq., he had de 
clared to the Trustees of Kenyon College, that he was no 
longer a resident of Ohio, but had fixed his domicil in 
Michigan. It also appears by the testimony of Mr. Samuel 
Chase, that on the 19th of September last, the Bishop and 
his family passed through Cleaveland, in Ohio, on their re 
moval to the Michigan Territory. 

Without entering into the discussion of the abstract right 
of a Bishop to resign his Episcopal jurisdiction, and with 
out considering the question as to what body such resigna 
tion should be tendered, the Committee beg leave to recom 
mend to the Convention the adoption of the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the Right Rev. Philander Chase, by his 
letter of resignation addressed to the Ohio Convention, and 
by his removal from that State to the Territory of Michi 
gan, has effectually renounced and relinquished his Episco 
pal charge of the Diocese of Ohio, and that the Episcopacy 
of the said Diocese was in fact vacant, previous to the 5th 
of September, 1832. 

This report was read, and ordered to be laid on the table, 
on motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
house that they had concurred in the resolution to refer to a 
joint Committee the report of the joint Committee of 1829 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 433 

upon the Canons ; and that the Committee on the Canons 
already appointed by that house, Qonsisting of Messrs. 
Croswell, Rudd, Crocker, Gadsden, and DeLancey of the 
clergy, and Messrs. Meredith, Cooke, A. Jones, Hogg, and 
Newton, form such Committee on their part. 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 



SATURDAY, 20th October, 1832, 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended Di- 
rine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 
Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The report of the joint Committee on the relinquishment 
of the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of Ohio, which was 
read yesterday and ordered to be laid on the table, was taken 
up for consideration. And a motion was made by the Eight 
Kev. Bishop Bowen, seconded by the Right Rev. Bishop 
Brownell, to amend the resolution reported by striking out 
all the words after the word Resolved, and inserting the 
following : " As the sense of this house, that the Right 
Rev. Philander Chase, considering himself to have resigned 
the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Ohio, having removed from 
that State to the Territory of Michigan, and thereby re 
nounced and relinquished his Episcopal charge of the Dio 
cese of Ohio, the Episcopacy of the said Diocose was in fact 
vacant previous to the 5th of September 1832." Where 
upon on motion the original resolution with the proposed 
amendment were ordered to be laid on the table. 

The following report was made by a joint Committee, 
viz. " The joint Committee in relation to the accommoda 
tion of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society with 
reasonable time for the despatch of their business, and to 
the designation of some time at which the Convention will 
adjourn for the purpose, respectfully propose to the two 
houses the passage of the following resolution : 

fiesolved, That when this Convention adjourns to-day, it 
will adjourn until Monday at half-past 12 o'clock, in order to 
allow time, on that morning, for the business of the trien 
nial meeting of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, 
and for the preaching of the triennial sermon in its behalf." 



434 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

And on motion the said resolution was adopted by the 
Bishops, and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties for concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating a resolution passed by that 
house for admission of the Diocese of Alabama into union 
with the General Convention, and requesting the concurrence 
of this house. The resolution (with the preamble thereto) 
was on motion referred to the Right Rev. Bishops Meade 
and Ives. 

The said Committee reported that they found the facts 
stated therein to be correct, and recommended a concur 
rence on the part of this house. Whereupon this house 
concurred in adopting the resolution for the admission of 
the said Diocese into union with this Convention, and sent 
information thereof to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed the 
house that they concurred with them in adopting the resolu 
tion reported by the joint Committee in relation to the ac 
commodation of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary 
Society, with reasonable time for the despatch of their 
business. 

Adjourned until half-past 12 o clock on Monday next. 



MONDAY, 22d October, 1832, half- past 12 o'clock. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present as on Saturday, and also the Right Rev. Bishop 
Griswold. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, the house 
took up for consideration the resolution reported by the joint 
Committee on the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge of 
the Diocese of Ohio, and the proposed amendment thereto, 
which were laid on the table at the last meeting. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Onderdouk, (of Pennsylvania,) 
seconded by the Right Rev. Bishop Stone, then moved the 
following amendment to the said amendment. " The House 
of Bishops hereby declare that in their opinion, there is, at 
present, no vacancy in the Episcopate of the Diocese of 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 435 

Ohio ; the resignation of an Episcopal charge, being, in their 
judgment, no sufficient ground for the acknowledgment of 
a vacancy ; and the abandonment of an Episcopal charge 
not being sufficient in their judgment, to create a vacancy ; 
yet as circumstances may occur in which an adherence to 
these principles may be precluded by the force of necessity 
and emergencies of great pressure on the Church ; and as 
these circumstances have, in the judgment of the House of 
Bishops, occurred in the case of Ohio, the House of Bish 
ops propose, for the consideration of the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies, the following resolutions ; 

Resolved, That the Episcopate of the Diocese of Ohio, 
shall be vacant as soon as this Convention shall have de 
clared that Bishop Chase has abandoned it ; and that, after 
the said declaration, that Diocese may proceed to elect a 
Bishop, and may procure his consecration according to the 
Canons. 

Rsolved, That this Convention will enact, simultaneously 
with the said declaration, a canon regulating such Episcopal 
resignations as the force of circumstances may absolutely 
require, and also regulating Episcopal translations ; and 
declaring all Bishops of this Church, who cease, in any way, 
to have the Episcopal charge of a Diocese, to be still sub 
ject in all matters, to the authority of the General Con 
vention. 

This amendment having been for some time under con 
sideration, the original resolutions and the several proposed 
amendments were ordered to be laid on the table. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies as follows : 

" The Committee of this house to whom was referred the 
report made by the joint Committee of both houses, on the 
subject of certain resolutions of the Convention of the l)io- 
cese of Ohio, relating to the Theological Seminary of that 
Diocese, having reported, the following resolutions were 
adopted, viz.: 

Resolved, That this house do not concur with the House 
of Bishops in the joint resolution received from them. 

Resolved, If the House of Bishops concur therein, that 
this Convention cannot, at present, comply with the re 
quest of the Convention of Ohio, without intending there 
by to accept or refuse the authority, which, by the seventh 



436 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

section of the Constitution of the Theological Seminary of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Ohio, is 
conferred on this Convention." 

Ordered, That a message be sent to the House of Bishops 
requesting their concurrence." 

Whereupon, on motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Onder- 
donk, (of Pennsylvania,) the House of Bishops passed the 
following resolution, and sent information thereof to the 
other house : 

Resolved, That this house recede from its resolution on 
the subject of the resolutions from the Convention of Ohio ; 
and concur in the resolution from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, 23d October, 1832, 10 o'clock A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay De 
puties. 

Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The house then, on motion, adjourned until one o'clock 
P. M. on this day. 

At one o'clock P. M. the house again met. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, the report 
of the joint Committee on the Psalms in Metre was ac 
cepted, and taken up for consideration. 

And it was moved by the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen, 
seconded by the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, that the house 
adopt the resolutions proposed by the joint Committee. 
After some consideration, the report and resolutions were 
ordered to be laid on the table. 

Adjourned until ten o'clock to-morrow morning. 



WEDNESDAY, 24th October, 1832, 10 o'clock, A. M. 
The house met pursuant to adjournment. 
Present as yesterday. 
The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION 437 

The house, on motion, took up for consideration the 
report of the joint Committee on the Psalms in Metre. 

Whereupon, the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, (of New 
York,) seconded by the Right Rev. Bishop Brovvnell, moved 
to substitute for the resolutions reported by the joint Com 
mittee the following resolutions, which were unamimously 
adopted by the house, and sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lav Deputies for concurrence. 

Resolved, That a joint Committee of both houses be ap 
pointed, with power to select from the report of the Com 
mittee on Psalms in Metre appointed by the last Conven 
tion, and from the Appendix thereto, (with any fitting verb 
al alterations not affecting the sense,) a smaller selection of 
Psalms ; which, with the Hymns set forth by this Church, 
shall be entitled, " Psalms in Metre, selected from the 
Psalms of David ; with Hymns suited to the Feasts and 
Fasts of the Church, and other occasions of Public Wor 
ship ;" and to set forth the same with the following rati 
fication : - 

"By the Bishops, the Clergy, and the Laity of the Prot 
estant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, 

in Convention, this day of October, in the year of our 

Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty- two. 

This Book of Psalms in Metre, selected from the Psalms 
of David, with Hymns, is set forth, and allowed to be sung 
in all congregations of the said Church, before and after 
Morning and Evening Prayer, and also before and after Ser 
mons, at the discretion of the minister. 

And it shall be the duty of every minister of any church, 
either by standing directions, or from time to time, to ap 
point the portions of Psalms which are to be sung. 

And further,it shall be the duty of every minister, with such 
assistance as he can obtain from persons skilled in music, to 
give order concerning the tunes to be sung at any time in 
his church ; and especially it shall be his duty to suppress 
all light and unseemly music, and all indecency and irrever 
ence in the performance ; by which vain and ungodly per 
sons profane the service of the Sanctuary." 

2. Resolved, That the Psalms in Metre thus set forth be 
numbered according to their order in the selection, with a 
reference in each case, to the Psalm of David whence it is 
taken ; thus Psalm from the Psalm of David. 



438 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

3. Resolved, That the Committee hereby appointed, 
be directed to include in their selection, the selection 
from Psalm 26, contained in the report of the last Com 
mittee. 

4. Resolved, As the sense and declaration of this Con 
vention, tliat so much of the rubrics in the form of con 
secration of a church or chapel as requires the singing of 
" Psalm 26, verses 6, 7, and 8," will hereafter be duly com 
plied with by singing of verses 2 and 3 in the selection from 
the 26th Psalm, included in the Psalms of Metre, author 
ized, by these resolutions, to be set forth. 

The triennial report of the Domestic and Foreign Mis 
sionary Society, was presented by the Right Rev. the pre 
siding Bishop, and ordered to be sent to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with information that they had resolved, that 
when that house adjourned, they would adjourn to meet at 
seven o'clock this evening. 

The report of the joint Committee of this Convention on 
the Canons, was presented by the Right Rev. the presiding 
Bishop as follows : 

The joint Committee to whom was referred the report of 
the Committee for the revision of the Canons, appointed by 
the General Convention in 1829, respectfully report the Can 
ons as revised by said Committee, with such alterations anil 
amendments, as in the opinion of the joint Committee, were 
proper to be recommended for the adoption of the General 
Convention. 

The Canons, as reported by the joint committee of this 
Convention, were as follows. (See Appendix A.) 

On motion, the house proceeded to consider the Canons 
severally. 

The first and second Canons were adopted as reported. 

The third Canon was amended as follows : The first 
paragraph was entitled Section 1st ; and in it, instead of 
the words, " Bishopsto ivhom he is presented for that Holy 
Office" the words ''House of Bishops," were inserted ; and 
after the forms of testimonials, the following section was 
added : " Section 2. If the House of Bishops consent to the 
consecration, the presiding Bishop, with any two Bishops, 
may proceed to perform the same ; or any three Bishops to 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 439 

whom he may communicate the testimonials." The Canon, 
as thus amended, was adopted. 

The fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth Canons were 
adopted as reported. 

The ninth Canon was amended as follows : In section 2, 
line 2, the words " of the. Diocese" were struck out ; in lin-j 
4, of the same section, instead of the words, " said Diocese" 
the words. il the Diocese of the said Bishop," were inserted ; 
in lines 5 and 6 of the same section, for the words, "hath 
lived piously, soberly, and honestly" were inserted tho 
words, "is pious, sober, and honest ;" in line 7 of the stimo 
section, after the word "church," the words, "and in full 
communion with the same" were added ; and in line 12 cf 
the same section, instead of the word, "recited," the word, 
"required" was inserted. In section 10, for the word.-, 
" has been resident for the preceding year," was inserted 
the word, " resides" The Canon, as amended, was adopted. 

The tenth and eleventh Canons were adopted as reported. 

In the twelfth Canon, section 2, the words, "If the can 
didate should not reside convenient to the residence of the 
Bishops" were struck out ; and the Canon so amended, 
was adopted. 

The thirteenth Canon was amended as follows : in line 2, 
the words, "Ecclesiastical authority" were struck out, and 
the words " if there be no Bishop, of the Clerical Members 
of the Standing Committee" inserted instead thereof ; and 
in line 5, instead of the words, " Ecclesiastical authority to 
which he is subject," were inserted the words, "the said 
Clerical members." And the Canon, thus amended, was 
adopted. 

The fourteenth Canon was adopted as reported. 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. 



Thursday, 25th October, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The house then proceeded in the consideration of the Can 
ons reported by the joint Committee of this Convention. 



440 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Iii the fifteenth Canon, section 4, line 2, instead of the 
word " a" before stalling committee was inserted the word 
" thr;" and in line 3, the word " canonically" was struck 
out. And the Canon, as amended, was adopted. 

In the sixteenth Canon, the words "and allow him a rea- 
sonahle support" were struck out ; and instead of the word 
"general" in line 8, the word "other" was inserted. The 
Canon, thus amended was adopted. 

The seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth Canons were 
adopted as reported. 

In the twentieth Canon, section 1, line 4, the words "on 
examination according to the Canons" were struck out, and 
in lin^ 6, the word " all" was struck out. In section 2, 
line 1, the word "all" was struck out; and in line 9, 
after " denomination" were inserted the words "provided 
he shall have been a candidate for Orders in this Church 
for at least six months." And the Canon thus amend 
ed was adopted. 

The twenty-first Canon was adopted as reported. 

The twenty-second Canon was amended MS follows: In 
lines 2, 3, for "ecclesiastical authority" were inserted the 
words "if there be no Bishop, the clerical members of the 
Standing Committee :" and in line 5, instead of the words 
"ecclesiastical authority" were inserted the words "said 
clerical members." In line 7, the words "nor the stations 
which are" were struck out. And in line 9, instead of 
"ecclesiastical authority " were inserted the words "said 
clerical members." And the Canon, as amended, was 
adopted. 

The twenty-third Canon was adopted as reported. 

In the twentv-fourth Canon, section 1, line 1, the words 
" young persons" were inserted instead of "children" and 
the Canon then adopted. 

The twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth Canons were adopted 
as reported. 

In the twenty-seventh Canon, section 2, line 7, and also 
in the last line, the word "repelled" was inserted instead of 
"expelled :" and the Canon then adopted. 

In the twenty-eighth Canon, section 2, instead of the 
words "ecclesiastical authority" were inserted the words, 
" if there be no Bishop, the clerical members of the Stand 
ing Committee : " and the Canon was then adopted. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION". 441 

The twenty-ninth, thirtieth, and thirty-first Canons were 
adopted as reported. 

The thirty-second Canon was amended as follows : In 
section 1, lines 5, 6, for "ecclesiastical authority" were in 
serted the words " if there be no Bishop, the clerical mem 
bers of the Standing Committee." In line 7, after " testimo 
nials " the words " addressed to him or them" were inserted. 
The clause of the sentence from the twelfth to the sixteenth 
line was amended to read thus : " which testimonials or 
statement shall be signed by the Bishop, or, where there is 
no Bishop, by the majority of the clerical members of the 
Standing Committee of the Diocese from which he removes." 
The words "or Committees" in line 16 were struck out. In 
section 2, instead of " ecclesiastical authority" were inserted 
the words " if there be no Bishop, the clerical members of 
the Standing Committee." And to section 4, at the end, 
were added the words "six months before the said day of 
appearance," The Canon, so amended, was adopted. 

In the thirty-third Canon, section 3, lines 1, 2, the words 
"and be chosen Hector of a Church" were struck out : and 
the third and fourth sections were transposed. The Canon, 
thus amended, was adopted. 

The thirty-fourth Cauori was adopted as reported. 

The thirty-fifth Canon was struck out and rejected. 

The thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh Canons were adopted 
as reported. 

To the thirty-eighth Canon the following section was 
added, viz. " Sec. 4. When a Deacon or Priest, ordained 
by a Bishop not in communion with this Church, shall ap 
ply to a Bishop for reception into the same as a minister 
thereof, he shall produce the testimonials of character re- 
required in the first section of the twentieth Canon ; and 
shall also, not less than six rnonths'after his application, in 
the presence of the Bishop and two or more Presbyters, 
subscribe the declaration contained in the seventh article of 
the Constitution ; which being done, the Bishop^being sat 
isfied of his Theological acquirements, may receive him as 
such." And the title of the Canon was amended by insert 
ing after the words "foreign Bishops," the words "or by 
Bishops not in communion with this Church,"&nd the Can 
on, so amended, was adopted. 

The thirty-ninth and fortieth Canons were adopted as 
reported. 



442 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

The forty-first Canon was amended by striking out the 
prefix " Sect. I," and the whole of the second section : and, 
so amended, was adopted. 

The forty-second Canon was adopted as reported. 

In the forty-third Canon, section 1, instead of the words 
" ecclesiastical authority " were inserted the words " Con 
vention of the Diocese : and the Canon, thus amended, was 
adopted. 

In the forty-fourth Canon, section 1, line 1. for " Gener 
al Convention" were inserted the words "House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies :" and in line 6, the word " said" was 
inserted before " Secretary :" and the Canon then adopted. 

The forty-fifth, forty-sixth, and forty-seventh Canons were 
adopted as reported. 

In the forty-eighth Canon, for the words "General Con 
vention" were substituted the words "House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies ;" and the Canon was then adopted. 

The forty-ninth Canon was amended as follows: In the 
third section, the sentence "And a particular inquiry 
shall be instituted into the state of the Church in each Dio 
cese, and particularly into the attention paid to the Canons 
and Rubrics of the Church" was struck out. And an ad 
ditional section was inserted as follows : Sec. 5. It is rec 
ommended, that the ecclesiastical authority of the Church, 
in every Diocese, prepare a condensed report on the state 
of the Church in their Diocese, previously to the meeting of 
every General Convention, for the purpose of aiding the 
Committee on the state of the Church, appointed by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, in drafting their 
report." The Canon, thus amended, was adopted. 

The fiftieth, fifty-first, and fifty-second Canons were 
adopted as reported. 

On motion, the second Canon was reconsidered, and amen 
ded as follows : In section 1, line 7, instead of the word 
"nine " was inserted " six ; " and in line 9, after the word 
"aforesaid" were added the words, "and six or more Par 
ishes represented in the Convention electing ;" and the 
Canon, thus amended, was adopted. 

The following additional Canon was then adopted : 
Canon 53. All former Canons of this Convention not in 
cluded in these Canons, are hereby repealed." 



1832.] JOURNAL or THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 443 

The following alteration of the Constitution of the Do 
mestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States, which has been 
adopted hy that Society, was presented to the house, and 
the house concurred in the adoption thereof, and ordered it 
to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for 
their concurrence, viz. " At a meeting of the Domestic 
and Foreign Missionary Society held at St. John's Church 
on Tuesday evening the 23d instant, it was resolved so to 
alter the third article of the Constitution of the Society, 
as that it shall read thus 

" The Society shall meet triennially, at the place in which 
the General Convention shall hold its session. The time of 
meeting shall be appointed by the Board of Directors at 
their first meeting during the session. Nine members shall 
be necessary to constitute a quorum to do business." 

Adjourned until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. 



FRIDAY, October 26, 1832, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Deputiea 
Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

On motion of the Eight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, (of 
New York,) the twentieth Canon was re-considered, and an 
amendment of the first section was adopted, adding at the 
end thereof the following proviso : " Provided, that the 
Bishop may, on special grounds, and acting with the advice 
and consent of the Clerical members of the Standing Com 
mittee, dispense with the above requisite of six months' con 
nection with the communion of this Church." 

The Canons, and the several amendments thereto, were 
then ordered to be sent to the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies for their concurrence. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this House that they concurred in 
adopting the proposed amendment of the Constitution of 
the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society. 

The following declaration, to be made by the house of 



444 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Bishops, was proposed by the Bight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, 
of Pennsylvania, and ordered to be laid on the table. 

" There occurring in the office for receiving into the con 
gregation children already baptized, according to the form of 
private baptism, the following question to the Sponsors, 
and answer to be made by them, viz. : 

' Minister. Wilt thou be baptized in this faith ? ' 

' Ans. That is my desire/ 

Which mistake doubtless arose from inadvertency, the 
House of Bishops hereby declare that it should be regarded 
as on the same footing with typographical errors, and should 
be corrected in future editions of the Prayer Book." 

The house then, on motion, took up for consideration the 
amendment proposed by the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, 
of Pennsylvania, to the amendment offered by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Bowen of the resolution reported by the joint 
Committee, on the relinquishment of the Episcopal charge 
of the Diocese of Ohio. And on the question being put, it 
was negatived. 

The amendment which had been offered by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Bowen, being then under consideration, it was, 
on his motion, amended so as to read as follows : 

" Resolved, As the sense of this Convention, that the 
Right Rev. Philander Chase, considering himself to have 
resigned the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Ohio, having re 
moved from that State to the territory of Michigan, and 
renounced the Episcopal charge of the Diocese of Ohio, an 
exigency of the Church in that Diocese has thus been occa 
sioned and has existed since the 5th of September, 1832, 
for which this Convention see no way in which provision 
can be duly made, but by the consecration of another 
Bishop for that Diocese." 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell, the fol 
lowing protestation was ordered to be annexed to the above 
resolution, viz. 

"The House of Bishops beg leave to inform the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, that in adopting the forego 
ing resolution, they feel impelled to add their solemn pro 
testation against its being drawn into a precedent on any 
future occasion. 

" The Bishops are deeply impressed with a consideration 
of the evils which may result to the Church, from capri- 



[1832. JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 445 

cious and unregulated resignations of Episcopal jurisdiction. 
They are of opinion that the acts of the Right Rev. Bishop 
Chase, by which he has relinquished the Episcopate of the 
Diocese of Ohio, and removed to a territory beyond the 
organized jurisdiction of this Church, are not warranted by 
any regulation of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
United States, nor by any general usage of the Church ; 
yet, inasmuch as they have been performed without any 
positive law of this Church to the contrary, as we can de 
vise no way of reconciling the Right Rev. Bishop Chase 
and the Diocese of Ohio, and as the House of Bishops are 
earnestly desirous of restoring peace to that Diocese, they 
are ready to concur in the necessary and proper measures 
for consecrating a successor to Bishop Chase in the Episco 
pate of Ohio. 

" The House of Bishops hope that the House of Clerical 
and Lay Deputies will concur with them in this protesta 
tion, and in the passage of a Canon prohibiting Episcopal 
resignations, except on great and urgent occasions, and reg 
ulating the manner in which they shall be made, and also 
designating the ecclesiastical body to whose approval they 
shall be subjected." 

And the question being put on the passage of the amend 
ment and the protestation annexed, they were adopted, and 
ordered to be communicated to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with a request for their concurrence in the 
resolution, and also in the protestation. 

Adjourned until 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



SATURDAY, October 27, 1832, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. Present as yesterday. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

A Canon, entitled "Of Episcopal Resignations," was 
proposed by the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, of Pennsyl 
vania, seconded by the Right Rev. Bishop Brownell ; which 
was taken into consideration, and after being amended, was 
adopted and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties for concurrence. 



446 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, of New- 
York, the following preamble and resolutions relative to the 
French translation of the Book of Common Prayer, were 
adopted and communicated to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies for concurrence, viz. 

" Bishop Onderdonk, of New- York, informed the house 
that agreeably to a resolution of the General Convention of 
1817, the late Right Rev. Bishop Hobart had made arrange 
ments for causing the French translation of the Book of 
Common Prayer to be examined, in order to ascertain how 
far the translation is correct, with the view, agreeably to 
the same resolution, of confirming the use thereof, with such 
amendments and improvements as the case may call for, 
and declaring it to be the Liturgy which may be used by 
any minister of this Church who may officiate in a congre 
gation to whom the French language is familiar ; that ow 
ing to a new edition of the said book not being immediately 
called for, and other causes, the revised translation was not 
completed until after the decease of Bishop Hobart ; but 
that it has since been published by the Messrs. T. & J. 
Swords, of New- York. Whereupon, the House of Bishops 
resolved to propose to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties, the following joint resolution : 

Resolved, That the French translation of the Book of 
Common Prayer, and the Articles of Religion, printed in 
New- York, by T. & J. Swords, in the year 1831, be, and 
the same hereby is, declared to be the Liturgy which may 
be used by any minister of this Church, who may officiate 
in a congregation to whom the French language is familiar ; 
and that the edition of the Book of Common Prayer in the 
French language, printed in 1831 by the Messrs. T. & J. 
Swords, of New- York, be, and the same hereby is, estab 
lished as the standard book, whereby all future editions of 
the Book of Common Prayer and Articles, in the French 
language, shall be compared and corrected. 

Resolved, That the provisions of the 46th of the Canons, 
passed by this Convention, except as far as the said Canon 
establishes standard books, shall be applied to the publica 
tion of all future editions of the Book of Common Prayer 
and Articles in the French language. 

Resolved, That the above resolution be appended as a 
note to the said 46th Canon. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 447 

Resolved, That a copy of the above-mentioned standard 
edition of the Book of Common Prayer and Articles, in the 
French language, be deposited with the Secretary of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, to be preserved by 
him, and by his successors in office." 

The Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, (of New York,) read 
to the house a letter addressed to him by J. W. Marriott, 
Esquire, of London, accompanying a box containing ninety 
copies of Sir Humphrey Lynde's " Safe Way " and " By- 
Way," presented by Mr. Marriott and others, for the library 
of the General Theological Seminary, and for other colleges 
and seminaries at the discretion of the House of Bishops. 
Whereupon, 

Resolved, That Bishop Onderdonk, (of New York,) 
return to Mr. Marriott and his friends the thanks of this 
house for their liberal donation ; and be also a Committee 
with power to distribute the above books according to the 
wishes of the generous donors. 

The resolution relative to the variety of posture observed 
in the celebration of the Communion orfica, and requesting 
the Bishops to express their opinion as to the proper pos 
tures, which was sent by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies to this house at the last session of the General 
Convention, (Journal p. 84,) and was then ordered to lie on 
the table for future consideration, was, on motion, now 
taken up, and referred to a Committee, consisting of the 
Right Rev. the presiding Bishop, and Bishop Onderdonk, 
(of New York.) 

The declaration proposed yesterday by Right Rev. Bishop 
Onderdonk (of Pennsylvania,) relative to a question to the 
sponsors in the form of private baptism, and the answer 
thereto, was, on motion, taken up for consideration and 
adopted. 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, (of 
Pennsylvania,) the following " Rule of the House of Bish 
ops," was adopted, viz. 

" The senior Bishop of the Church present at any General 
Convention, is the presiding Bishop in the House of Bishops. 

The senior Bishop of this Church is the presiding Bishop 
for all other purposes contained in the Canons. 

The senior Bishop of this Church present at any con 
secration of a Bishop, is the presiding Bishop for that 
solemnity. 



448 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

Seniority among the Bishops is according to the time of 
the consecration of each Bishop." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating sundry resolutions contained 
in the following extract from their minutes, viz. 

"A message was received from the House of Bishops in 
forming this house, that they had adopted a resolution en 
closed, as an amendment to the resolution reported by the 
joint Committee on the relinquishment of the Episcopal 
charge of the Diocese of Ohio, and requesting the concur 
rence of this house. 

On motion, Resolved, That this house refuses to concur 
with the House of Bishops in adopting said resolution. 

The following resolutions were then adopted, find it was 
ordered that a copy thereof be sent to the House of 
Bishops. 

Resolved, That the Eight Rev. Philander Chase, having 
relinquished and abandoned the Episcopal charge of the 
Diocese of Ohio, and removed from the said State, this house 
does consider the Episcopate of Ohio as vacant. 

And whereas the Diocese of Ohio having, by the derelic 
tion of the said Right Rev. Philander Chase, been deprived 
of Episcopal services since the 9th day of September, 1831, 
the Convention did on the 7th day of September, 1832, by 
a majority of the voices of the Clergy and the Laity duly 
assembled, nominate and elect the Rev. Charles P. Mcll- 
vaine as Bishop of the said State ; and the testimonials 
touching the said election have been duly certified to this 
house, with the view to their taking the necessary steps 
towards the consecration of the said Rev. C. P. Mcllvaine 
as Bishop of Ohio, agreeably to the canons in such case 
made and provided ; and whereas, in the opinion of this 
house, the welfare of the Church requires that the State of 
Ohio should not continue longer destitute of the services of 
a Bishop : therefore, 

Resolved, That this house will now proceed to consider 
and sign the Testimonials in behalf of the Rev. Charles P. 
Mcllvaine, as Bishop of Ohio aforesaid. 

Resolved, That it is not the intention of this house, by 
any proceeding on this occasion, to sanction the principle 
that a Bisho'p can resign, of his own will, with or without 
the consent of his Diocese." 

Adjourned until Monday morning next at 9 o'clock. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 449 

MONDAY, October 29. 1832, 9 o'clock A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. Present as on Saturday, except the Right Bev. Bishop 
Meade, absent on account of indisposition. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The following Testimonials and other documents relative 
to the election and expected consecration of the Bishops for 
the Dioceses of Vermont, Kentucky, Ohio and New Jersey, 
respectively, were received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and read, viz. 

Respecting the Diocese of Vermont, a certified extract 
from the minutes of the Convention of that Diocese, con 
taining their proceedings on the 30th and 31st of May and 
1st of June, 1832, relative to the election of the Rev. John 
H. Hopkins as Bishop of the Diocese ; the printed journal 
of the same Convention ; a testimonial from the members 
of that Convention according to the Canons ; and a testi 
monial signed by members of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies in the present General Convention. 

Respecting the Diocese of Kentucky, a certified extract 
from the journal of the Convention of that Diocese in rela 
tion to the election of the Rev. B. B. Smith to the Episco 
pate ; the printed journal of that Convention in 1832, con 
taining the same proceedings on llth June, 1832 ; a certifi 
cate from Dr. John E. Cooke, Secretary of the Standing 
Committee of that Diocese, that at the time of the election, 
there were in the Diocese canonically resident, six officiating 
Presbyters, and one non-officiating Presbyter ; a certificate 
of Gideon McMillan, President of the said Standing Com 
mittee, relative to the election of those six Presbyters as 
Rectors of their respective parishes ; a testimonial, acccord- 
ing to the Canon, from the members of the said Convention 
of Kentucky, and a testimonal signed by members of the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies in the present General 
Convention. 

Respecting the Diocese of Ohio, a printed journal of the 
Convention of that Diocese, in 1832, containing the pro 
ceedings relative to the election of the Rev. Charles P. Mc- 
Ilvaine, on the 7th September, 1832 ; a testimonial, accord 
ing to the Canon, from the members of that Convention in 
favor of the said Rev. C. P. Mcllvaine ; and a testimonial 



450 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

in his favor signed by members of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies in the present General Convention. 

Respecting the Diocese of New Jersey, certified extracts 
from the journal of the Convention of that Diocese in 1832, 
containing their proceedings relative to the election of the 
Rev. George W. Doane, on 3d October, 1832 ; a printed 
journal of the same Convention ; a certificate from the Sec 
retary of that Convention, that there are 18 Presbyters 
and no more in that Diocese, fourteen of whom are en 
titled to vote in Convention. A testimonial in favor of the 
Rev. G. W. Doane, according to the Canon, from the mem 
bers of that Convention ; and a testimonial in his favor, 
signed by members of the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties in the present General Convention. 

These documents were accompanied by the following cer 
tificate of the Secretary of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies. 

1 certify that the accompanying testimonials in favor of 
the Bishops elect of Ohio, Kentucky, Vermont and New 
Jersey, were ordered by the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties to be sent to the House of Bishops. 

H. ANTHON, Secretary. 

New York, October 27, 1832. 

The documents, testimonials, and certificate of the Sec 
retary of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies having 
been read, the following declaration was moved by the 
Right Rev. Bishop Onderdonk, of New- York, seconded by 
the Right Rev. Bishop Ives. and unanimously adopted, and 
ordered to be communicated to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

" The House of Bishops having received satisfactory evi 
dence of the election of the Rev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., 
the Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, D. D., the Rev. Charles P. 
Mcllvaine, D. D., and the Rev. George W. Doane, A. M., 
as Bishops respectively, of the Dioceses of Vermont, Ken 
tucky, Ohio and New-Jersey, and also testimonials in each 
case respectively, in the form prescribed in the second Canon 
of 1808, as ' Testimony from the house of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies in General Convention,' are prepared to act on the 
above-mentioned documents as soon as they are informed 
whether the testimonials aforesaid are from the House of 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 451 

Clerical and Lay Deputies, that is, from a nurjority of a 
quorum of the said house." 

The report of the Committee appointed on Saturday on 
the subject of the variety of posture in the celebration of 
the Communion office, was presented to the house ; and it 
was adopted and ordered to be communicated to the other 
house for their information ; the report being as follows : 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, having at the 
last Convention, requested the House of Bishops to express 
their opinion as to the proper postures to be used in the 
Communion office, with a view of effecting uniformity in that 
respect, during its celebration, and the request having been 
then ordered to lie on the table for future consideration, 
the* House of Bishops now communicated to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies the opinion thus requested of 
them, as follows : 

First, with regard to the officiating priest, they are of opin 
ion that as the Holy Communion is of a spiritually sacrificial 
character, the standing posture should be observed by him, 
wherever that of kneeling is not expressly prescribed, to wit ; 
in all parts, including the ante-communion and post-com 
munion, except the confession, and the prayer immediately 
preceding the prayer of consecration. 

Secondly, with regard to the people, the Bishops are of the 
opinion that they should observe the kneeling posture during 
all the prayers and other acts of devotion, except the Gloria 
in excelsis, when standing is required by the rubric, and ex 
cept, also, during the allowed portion of the Hymns in metre, 
when the analogy of our services requires the same posture. 

The same anology, as well as fitness of posture for the suc 
ceeding private devotions, which are required alike by pro 
priety and godly custom, supposes kneeling as the posture 
in which to receive the final blessing. 

Analogy, also, and the expression at the close of the shorter 
exhortation immediately preceding the confession, as well as 
the rubric before the confession, which suppose the posture 
of kneeling to be there assumed, indicate that that exhorta 
tion, and the longer one immediately preceding, should be 
heard by the people standing. 

The postures, therefore, proper to be observed by the peo- 



452 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

pie, during the Communion office, the Bishops believe to be 
as follows : 

Kneeling during the whole of the ante-communion, except 
the epistle, which is to be heard in the usual posture for 
hearing the Scriptures, and the gospel, which is ordered, to 
be heard standing. 

The sentences of the offertory to be heard sitting, as the 
most fovorable posture for handing alms, &c., to the person 
collecting. 

Kneeling to be observed during the prayer for the Church 
militant. 

Standing during the exhortations. 

Kneeling to be then resumed, and continued until after the 
prayer of consecration. 

Standing at the singing of the hymn. 

Kneeling, when receiving the elements, and during the 
post-communion, or that part of the service which succeeds 
the delivering and receiving of the elements, except the 
Gloria in excelsis, which is to be said or sung standing. 

After which the congregation should again kneel to receive 
the blessing. 

The House of Bishops are gratified at the opportunity 
afforded them by the above noticed request of the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, of contributing to what they 
hope will be perfect uniformity in all our churches in the 
matter now before them." 

Whereupon, resolved, That the opinion of the House 
of Bishops respecting the proper postures to be observed at 
the administration of the Holy Communion, be printed and 
distributed. 

In reply to the declaration relative to the election and 
testimonials of the Bishops elect of Vermont, Kentucky, 
Ohio, and New- Jersey, communicated to the House of Cler 
ical and Lay Deputies, the following certificate of the Sec 
retary of that House was received and read, viz. 

" I do hereby certify that the testimonials of the several 
Bishops elect, referred to in the message of the House of 
Bishops, received this day by the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies, were respectively signed, in pursuance of resolu 
tions of the said House, passed in the manner prescribed by 
the Constitution of the Church and the rules of the said 
House ; and that the signatures affixed to the same respect- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 453 

ively, are those of a majority of the members present, and 
constituting a quorum of the House. 

By order of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

HENRY ANTHON, Secretary. 
October 29, 1832." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, communicating to this House sundry docu 
ments relative to the organization of the Church in the Terri 
tory of Michigan, and resolutions of that House for its ad 
mission into union with this Convention. Whereupon, 

" Jftesolved, That the House of Bishops concur with the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies in their resolutions for 
the admission of the Territory of Michigan as a Diocese in 
union with this Convention/'' Information of this resolution 
was sent to the other House. 

The following rule of the House of Bishops was, on motion, 
adopted, viz. " Resolved, That the following be adopted as 
a standing order to be observed by the Bishops of this Church. 

" Whenever two or more Bishops elect, shall be presented 
for consecration at the same time, the act of consecration of 
each respectively shall be in the order of the date of his elec 
tion ; and the same order shall be observed in determining 
the seniority respectively of the Bishops thus consecrated." 

The following message was received from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz. 

" The Rev. Mr. Stone presented a petition from certain per 
sons, members of the Episcopal churches in Boston ;tnd its 
vicinity. On motion, resolved, That the House of Bishops 
concurring, it be committed to a joint committee to report 
thereqn at this session. Moved and carried that the Com 
mittee on the part of this House consist of five, viz. Rev. 
Mr. Burroughs, Mr. Grammar and Mr. Stone, and Messrs. 
Newton and J. G. Williams." 

The petition referred to accompanied this message, and 
was read. Whereupon the House of Bishops concurred in 
the resolution, and named as the Committee on their part, 
the Right Rev. Bishops Griswold and Brownell. Information 
of which was sent to the other House. 

The report of the Committee on the State of the Church 
was received from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 



451 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

/ 

and read. And the following message was ordered to be sent 
to that House : 

"Resolved, That the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
be informed that the report on the state of the Church has 
been received and read ; and that this House will transmit a 
Pastoral Letter to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
during the present session of the Convention." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with information that that house concurred in 
the arrangement proposed by the House of Bishops, on the 
subject of the Psalms in Metre, and appointed on their part 
as a joint Committee, the Rev. Drs. Wyatt, Wilson and 
Montgomery, and Met-srs. Donaldson and Meredith. Where 
upon, this House appointed on their part, the Right Rev. 
Bishop and Assistant Bishop of Pennsylvania ; information 
of which was given to the other House. 

A message was also received from that House with the 
following resolution passed by them : 

'Resolved, That a committee of five, consisting of three 
Clergymen and two Laymen, be appointed to act as a joint 
committee to confer with a committee of the House of Bish 
ops, with their concurrence, on the subject of appointing the 
time and place of meeting of the next General Convention ; 
and the following gentlemen were accordingly appointed : 
Rev. Dr. Gadsden, Rev. Messrs. Bronson and Pardee, and 
Messrs. Nicklin and Winslow." 

Whereupon the House of Bishops concurred in the resolu 
tion, and appointed on their part, the Right Rev. Bishops 
Bowen and Brownell. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies informed this 
House that they concurred in the resolution relative to the 
French translation of the Book of Common Prayer. And 
also, that they had resolved, that when they adjourned, they 
would adjourn until 7 o'clock this evening. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, with three Canons passed by that House, and 
which they sent to the House of Bishops for concurrence. 
The first, taken from a resolution of the Convention on the 
Journal of 1823, page 55 ; the seconl, from a resolution 
on the Journal of 1814, page 306 ; and the third, from a 
resolution on the Journal of 1823, page 50. 

The House then took up for consideration the documents 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 455 

and testimonials, relative to the elections of Bishops for the 
Dioceses of Vermont, Kentucky, Ohio and New-Jersey; and, 
on motion, assented to the consecration, severally, of the Rev. 
John H. Hopkins, D. D., Bishop elect of Vermont ; the Rev. 
Benjamin B. Smith, D. D., Bishop elect of Kentucky ; and 
the Rev. George W. Doane, A. M., Bishop elect of New- 
Jersey. The case of the Bishop elect of Ohio was, for the 
present, laid on the table. And the following message was 
ordered to be communicated to the other House : 

"Resolved, That the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
'be informed that it is intended, God willing, to proceed to an 
act of episcopal consecration on the morning of the next 
Wednesday, in St. Paul's Chapel ; service to begin at half 
after ten o'clock." 

The Right Rev. Bishop Brownell proposed a "special Can 
on," authorizing the Dioceses of Mississippi and Alabama, 
and churches in the State of Louisiana, to associate and join 
in the election of a Bishop. The Canon was adopted by 
this House, and sent to the House of Clerical and Lay Dep 
uties tor concurrence. 

The following resolution was sent to this House, from the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz. 

"Resolved, that the House of Bishops be respectfully re 
quested to consider the expediency of setting forth a prayer, 
and, if they deem it expedient, to prepare such a prayer to 
be set forth for use in our churches, as an act of interces 
sion in behalf of the General Convention, during the meet 
ings of the same." 

Adjourned until 7 o'clock this evening. 



Eodem die, 7 o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. Present the 
Right Rev. Bishops White, Bowen, Onderdonk, (of Penn 
sylvania,) Onderdonk, (of New- York,) Ives and Stone. 

The minutes of the meeting this morning were read and 
approved. 

The House adopted the following resolutions relative to a 
prayer in behalf of the General Convention during its meet 
ings, and communicated information thereof to the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies, viz. "The House of Bishops 



456 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

having considered the resolution sent to them by the House 
of Clerical and Lay Deputies on the expediency of setting 
forth a prayer to be used in our churches in behalf of the 
General Convention during the meetings of the same, have 
adopted on that subject the following resolutions, in which 
they request the concurrence of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies. 

Resolved, The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies con 
curring, that it be made known to the several Diocesan Con 
ventions, that it is hereby proposed for adoption at the next 
General Convention, to insert the following Rubric after the 
"Prayer to be used at the Meetings of the Convention :" 

"During the period of the* session of any General or Dio 
cesan Convention, the above prayer may be used by all con 
gregations of this Church, or of the Diocese concerned ; the 
clause " here assembled in thy name and presence" being 
changed to "now assembled in thy name and presence ;" and 
the clause "govern us in our present work" to ''govern them 
in their present work." 

Resolved, The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies con 
curring, that it be made known to the several Diocesan Con 
ventions, that it is hereby proposed for adoption at the next 
General Convention to insert the said Prayer and Rubric at 
the end of the " Prayers upon several occasions to be used 
before the two final prayers of the morning and evening 
service." 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with information that they had passed the 
Canon " Of Episcopal Resignations" with sundry amend 
ments, in which they requested the concurrence of the House 
of Bishops. This House took those amendments into con 
sideration, and concurred in adopting them ; notice of which 
was directed to be given to the other House. 

The case of the Rev. Dr. Mcllvine, elected Bishop of the 
Diocese of Ohio, which was laid on the table this morning, 
was taken up for consideration, and the House consented to 
his consecration, and passed the following resolution, relative 
to the cases of the Bishops elect of Vermont, Kentucky, 
Ohio and New-Jersey, and directed the same to be commu 
nicated to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : Re 
solved, That the House of Bishops inform the House of 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 457 

Clerical and Lay Deputies that they will proceed to the 
consecration of the several Bishops elect whose testimonials 
have been laid before them, on Wednesday morning next, in 
St. Paul's Chapel. The House are induced to agree to the 
consecration of a Bishop for the Diocese of Ohio, in conse 
quence of the passage of the Canon "Of Episcopal Resig 
nations ;" a measure deemed essential by them in order to 
prevent future injury from the precedent of the resignation 
which has led to the said consecration. 

Adjourned until 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 



TUESDAY, 30th October, 1832, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment, and attended 
Divine Service with the House of Clerical and Lay Depu 
ties. Present all the Bishops attending this Convention. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The house directed the following declaration to be entered 
on their journal and communicated to the House of Cleri 
cal and Lay Deputies for their information : " The House 
of Bishops, in concurring with the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies in reference to the consecration of the Rev. 
the Bishop elect of the Diocese of Ohio, desire it to be un 
derstood, that they do not give their sanction to any provi 
sion of the College at Gambier, which can be construed 
as making a necessary connection between the Presidency of 
the fcaid Institution and the Episcopacy of the Diocese ; it 
seeming to the House of Bishops an incongruity that the 
occupant of the latter should be dependent for his con 
tinuance in his station on any authority not recognized 
in the Canons." 

On motion of the Right Rev. Bishop Ives, the following 
resolution was passed, and sent to the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies for concurrence, viz.' Resolved, That, with 
the concurrence of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, 
it be made known to the Conventions of the several Dioceses, 
that it is hereby proposed to alter the Rubric before the 
" Selections of Psalms," so as to read, " The following 
selections of Psalms, or any one or more Psalms or any 
portions of the 119th Psaltn in the Psalter, may be used in- 



458 JOURNAL or THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

stead of the Psalms for the day, at the discretion of the 
minister." And that the fourth paragraph of the " Order 
how the Psalter is appointed to be read " be erased. 

On motion of the Bight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk (of New 
York) the following resolution was passed, and sent to the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies for concurrence : "Re 
solved, The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies concurring, 
that it be made known to the Conventions of the several 
Dioceses, that it is hereby proposed to alter the last Rubric 
before the Communion Service by substituting the word 
" right " for the word " north." 

The following Canons sent to this house yesterday from 
the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies were taken into 
consideration : the first founded on a resolution on the 
Journal of 1823, page 55 ; the second on a resolution on the 
Journal of 1814, page 306, and the third on a resolution 
of the Journal of 1823, page 50. Whereupon a resolution 
offered by the Right Rev. Bishop Bowen was adopted, and 
communicated to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies 
as follows : " Certain Canons reported to the house as 
adopted by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, having 
been read and considered, it was, on motion, Resolved, That 
this house do not deem their concurrence in the adoption of 
the second of the said Canons, founded on a resolution of 
the General Convention, as in the printed Journal of 1814, 
page 306, necessary ; inasmuch as the same provision has 
been incorporated with the report of the joint Committee on 
the Canons as already made, and which may be found 
in the fifth section of the 49th Canon/' 

Resolved, That this house concur with the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, in the adoption of the first and 
third of those Canons. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with information that that house concurred in 
adopting the resolutions, to be decided upon by the next 
General Convention, relative to the prayer in behalf of the 
General Convention to be used during the meetings of the 
same. 

A message was also received from that house with infor 
mation that they concurred in the resolutions of this house 
relative to the alteration of the Rubric before the "Selection 
of Psalms," and of the last Rubric before the Communion 
Service. 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 459 

The nominations of Trustees of the General Theological 
Seminary for the ensuing three years, were received from the 
House <>f Clerical and Lay Deputies, with information that 
that house confirmed the nominations ; the House of Bish 
ops concurred in confirming the nominations, and sent infor 
mation thereof to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

The report of the joint Committee on the time and place 
of meeting of the next General Convention, together with >i 
resolution of the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies (being 
an amendment of that reported by the Committee) appoint 
ing Philadelphia as the place, and the third Wednesday in 
August, 1835, as the time of such meeting, were received 
from that house by the House of Bishops; who concurred 
in that resolution, and sent notice thereof to the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies. 

Information was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies that when that house adjourned they would 
adjourn until 7 o'clock this evening. 

The following resolutions were afterward communicated 
by the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies : 

"Resolved, That when this house adjourns, it adjourn to 
meet at half past 5 (/clock this evening. 

Resolved, That at the period of reading the pastoral let 
ter, the House of Bishops be requested to attend in this 
house, and that the Presiding Bishop be requested to read 
the same. 

Resolved, That the house will be ready to receive the 
pastoral letter at 8 o'clock this evening." 

Adjourned until half after seven o'clock this evening. 



Eodem die, half after seven o'clock, P. M. 

The House met pursuant to adjournment. Present as in 
the morning, except the Right Kev. Bishop Griswold. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 

The following resolution of the House of Clerical and Lay 
Deputies was received from that House. "Resolved, That 
the joint Committee on the Psalms be authorized to make 
the best arrangements they can with Booksellers in the 
disposal of the proposed book of the selected Psalms," &c. 
The House of Bishops concurred in this resolution, and in 
formed the other House thereof. 



460 JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. [1832. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies with information that they had passed the 
special Canon recommended by the House of Bishops in ref 
erence to the Dioceses of Mississippi and Alabama, and the 
Churches in the State of Louisiana. 

A message was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, informing this House that they had adopted 
the Canons and amendments of this House from Canon 1 to 
Canon 34, (both inclusive) with sundry amendments, in 
which they request the concurrence of this House. The 
House took the amendments into consideration, and concur 
red in adopting them : information of which was given to 
the other House. 

The Bishops then attended in the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, and the Pastoral Letter was read by the 
Eight Rev. the presiding Bishop. 

After returning to their chamber, a message was received 
from the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, with infor 
mation that that house had restored and passed the thirty- 
fifth Canon, and had passed all the remaining Canons as 
amended by this house ; with sundry amendments in which 
they requested the concurrence of -the House of Bishops. 
This house then concurred in restoring and passing the thir 
ty-fifth Canon, and in all the amendments proposed by the 
House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, except those to the 
forty-first and fifty-third Canons ; in which they refused to 
concur, and requested a committee of conference, appoint 
ing on their part, the Right Rev. Bishops Brovvnell and 
Onderdonk (of New- York.) 

A message was afterward received from the House of 
Clerical and Lay Deputies, in consequence of the report of 
the Committee of Conference, that that house receded from 
their amendments to the forty-first and fifty-third Canons. 
These Canons are, consequently, adopted as passed by the 
House of Bishops. 

The house resolved that when they adjourn, they adjourn 
to meet at St. Paul's Chapel, to-morrow, immediately after 
the consecration of the Bishops elect. 

The House of Clerical and Lay Deputies, proposed to the 
House of Bishops, a joint committee on printing the jour 
nals and Canons of the Church ; and appointed on their 
part, the Rev Dr. Wainwright and their Secretary and As- 



1832.] JOURNAL OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. 461 

sistant Secretary. The House of Bishops concurred therein, 
and named on their part, the Eight Rev. Bishop Onderdonk 
(of New- York) and their Secretary ; information of which 
was given to the other house. 

A resolution was received from the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies, relative to the petition of " members of Epis 
copal churches and congregations in Boston and its vicin 
ity ;" in which the House of Bishops concurred, and in 
formed the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies thereof. 

Adjourned to meet at St. Paul's Chapel to-morrow. 



WEDNESDAY, 31st October, 1832. 

The house met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present as on yesterday morning, except the Right Rev. 
Bishop Stone. 

The Right Rev. John H. Hopkins, D. D., Bishop of the 
Diocese of Vermont, the Right Rev. Benjamin B. Smith, 
D. D , Bishop of the Diocese of Kentucky, the Right Rev. 
Charles P. Me Ilvaine, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese of 
Ohio, arid the Right Rev. George W. Doane, A. M., Bishop 
of the Diocese of New