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Full text of "October Meeting, 1889. Letter of Hon. G. W. Erving; George W. Erving; Will of William Mullins; Elder Brewster's Library; Some Briefs in Appeal Causes"

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PROCEEDINGS 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



OCTOBER MEETING, 1889. 

THE stated meeting was held on Thursday, the 10th in- 
stant, at three P. M. 

The record of the last meeting before the summer recess 
was read by the Recording Secretary. 

The donations to the Library were reported by the Librarian. 

The President, Dr. George E. Ellis, announced the deaths 
of Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D., President of Yale College, who 
was an Honorary Member of the Society, and of S. Austin 
Allibone, LL.D., and Professor AlexandeT Johnston, LL.D., 
of Princeton College, who were Corresponding Members ; and 
he then said : — 

During the suspension of the meetings of this Society we 
have lost from our roll one of the oldest and most interested 
of our Resident Members, — Thomas Coffin Amory, elected in 
1859. He died, at his residence in this city, on August 20. 
Graduating at Harvard at the early age of seventeen, he had 
recourse to foreign travel to re-invigorate impaired health, 
and opened in England an acquaintance, which ripened into 
later friendly relations, with some eminent literary men. The 
necessity of managing the family estate withdrew him from the 
legal practice on which he had entered. Henceforward active 
business responsibilities for others, and a broad and generous 
engagement in civil, political, and philanthropic labors divided 
his industriously spent time with historical and literary pur- 
suits. Filial obligation induced him to devote his pen and 



2 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

research to an admirable biography of his grandfather, the 
eminent Governor James Sullivan, the first President of this 
Society. He also gave much critical investigation and contro- 
versial pleading in answer to some reflections on the military 
career and character of the brother of his grandfather, the 
Revolutionary General John Sullivan. 

He served this city as an Alderman and as a State Repre- 
sentative, but declined proffered nominations to the State 
Senate and to Congress. His special civic services were on 
the School Committee, in aiding the organization of our sys- 
tem of public charities, in the first operations of the Charity 
Building in Chardon Street and of the City Hospital, and in 
digesting many of the city ordinances. His labor was cheer- 
fully and. patiently given, and was highly and gratefully ap- 
preciated. He manifested the warmest and the most judicious 
patriotism during our Civil War, and put his life in peril in 
the Draft-riot. He wrote many papers in prose and metre 
on our local antiquities, and themes which he fondly studied. 
He was esteemed and cherished by his more intimate friends 
for his fine culture and his gentlemanly qualities. 

The Society will gratefully place upon its records its tribute 
of respect to his varied services and to his memory. 

Professor Dunbar was appointed to prepare a memoir of 
the late Hon. Peleg W. Chandler, LL.D. 

Colonel Washburn, minister to Switzerland, presented to 
the Library a copy of the " Military Annals of Lancaster, 
1740-1865," by the Hon. Henry S. Nourse, which he highly 
commended. 

Dr. Paige alluded to the absence of Dr. Deane, who had 
been confined at home by a long illness, and moved that the 
Secretary communicate to his family the sympathy of the 
members of this Society. 

Dr. Green exhibited a copy of an old Elegy, of which a 
fac-simile is here given, and made the following remarks : — 

John Woodmancy, the subject of the Elegy, was, without 
doubt, a master in the Boston Latin School, as it is evident, 
from the tenor of the lines, that he taught Latin. I am un- 
able to connect him either with Robert Woodmansey, head- 
master of that school, who died on August 13, 1667, or with 



o R, 

An ELEGY compofed upon the Death of Mr. foh 
formerly a SchootMafter in Boftw : But now Publii 

the DEATH of the Venerable 

Mr. Ezekiel Chevej 

The late and famous School-Mafter of Bojtan in New-England ; Who Departc 
Twenty-firft of Augufi 1708. Early in the Maiming. In the Ninety-fourth Year 



ElghtParts of Speech thisDay w&xMourningGoms 
Declin'd Verbs, Pronouns, Participles, Nouns. 
And not declined, Adverbs and Conjunctions, 
In Lillies I orch they ftand to do their fun&ions. 
With Prepofition j b\xt the moft affection 
Was Hill obferved in the Inter jeclion. 
The Subjlantive feeming the limbed belt, 
Would fet an hand to bear him to his Reft. 
The Adjective with very grief did fay, 
Hold me by ftrength, or I {hall faint away. 
The Clouds of Tears did oyer-caft their faces, 
Yea all were in moft lamentable Cafes. 
The five Declenfions did the Work decline, 
And Told the Pronoun tu, The work is thine : 
I But in this cafe -theft have no call to go 
That want/ the Vocative, and can't fay O! 
The Pronouns faid that if the Nouns were there, 
There was no need of them, they might therafpare : 
: But for the fake of Emphafis they would, 
; In their Difcretion do what ere they could* 
Great honour was confer'd on Conjugations, 
They were to follow next to the Relations. 
Amo did love him heft, and Doceo might 
Aliedge he was his Glory and Delight. 
But Lego faid by me he got his skill, 
And therefore next the Herfe I follow will 
^/tf faid little, hearing them fo hot, 
Yet knew by him much Learning he had got. 
Verbs the Active were, Or Paffive fure, 
Sum to be Neuter could not well endure. 
But this was common to them all to Moan 
Their load of grief they could not foon Depone. 
A doleful Day for Verbs, they look fo moody, 



Volo was willing, Nolo fome-w! 
But Malo rather chofe, not to : 
Poffum and Volo wifli'd all mig 
Their help, but had not an Imp 
Edo from Service would by no 
Rather than fail, he thought th< 
Fio was taken in a fit, and fei 
By him a Mournful POEM fa 
Ferowzs willing for to bear a 
Altho' he did it with an aking 
Feror excuS'd, with grief he w; 
He could not bear, he needed 
Such Nouns and Verbs as we 

No Gra.isnr.ar Rial© did their ?Xt 

They were excepted, and exer 
But Supines, all did blame for 
Verbs Offspring, Participles hat 
Follow, and by the fame dire<5 
The reft Promifcuoufly did ero 
Such Multitudes of each, they 
Next to the Corps to maketh' 
Jove, Mercury, ApoSo came fron 
And Virgil, Gato, gods, men, ] 
With Elegies, Tears, Sighs, cat 
Ovid from Pontus haft's Appan 
In Exile-weeds bringing De I 
And Homer fure had been ami 
But that the Stories fay his Ey 
Queens, Cities, Countries, //lands 
AH Trees, Birds, Fillies, and e 
What Syntax here can you 
Where each one bears iuch difi 
Figures of Di&ion and Confti 



De @mmmkw jfwitnl 



O R, 



Y compofed upon the Death of Mr. fohn Woodmancy, 
SchootMafter in "Boften : But now Publifhed upon 
the DEATH of the Venerable 

[r. Ezekiel Chevers, 

oicus School-Mafter of Bojton in New-England ; Who Departed this Life the 
Auguji 1708. Early in the Morning. In the Ninety-fourth Year of his Age, 



tch thisDay w&sMourningGo/ms 
Pronouns, Participles, News, 
idverbs and Conjunctions, 

ftand to do their functions. 
>ut the moft affection 
n the Interjetlion. 
tning the limbed beft, 
to bear him to his Reft. 
; very grief did fay, 
h, or I {hall faint away, 
s did oyer-caft their faceSj 
)ft lamentable Cafes. 

did the Work decline, 
m tu, The work is thine 1 
& have no call to go 
>ive, and can't fay O! 
hat if the Nouns were there, 
)f them,they might themfpare : 
Imphafis they would, 
lo what ere they coulaV 
rmfer'd on Conjugations, 
w next to the Relations. 
eft, and Doceo might 
Glory and Delight, 
me he got his skill, 
c- the Her ft I follow will 
taring them fo hot, 
much Learning he had got. 

were, Or Pajftue fure, 
juld not well endure, 
on to them all to Moan 
they could not foon Depone. 
r erbs, they look fo moody, 



Volo was willing, Nolo fome-what ftout, 
But Malo rather chofe, not to ftand out. 
Poffum and Volo wifli'd all might afford 
Their help, but had not an Imperative Wotd* 
Edo from Service would by no means Swerve, 
Rather than fail, he thought the Cakes to Serve. 
Fio was taken in a fit, and iaid, 
By him a Mournful POEM mould be made* 
Fero was willing for to bear a part, 
Altho' he did it with an aking heart. 
Fefor excus'd, with grief he was 4b Torn, 
He could not bear, he needed to be born. 

Such Nouns and Verbs as we defective find, 
No Grammar Rule diet their jMtendance bind. 
They were excepted, and exempted hence, 
But Supines, all did blame for negligence. 
Verbs Offspring, Participles hand-in-hand, 
Follow, and by the fame direction ftand : 
The reft Promifcuoufly did croud and cumber, 
Such Multitudes of each, they wanted Number. 
Next to the Corps to maketh' attendance even, 
Jove, Mercury, Apollo came from heaven. 
And Virgil, Cato, gods, men, Rivers, Winds, 
With Elegies, Tears, Sighs, came in their -kinds. 
Ovid fwmPontus haft's Apparrell'd thus, 
In Exile- weeds bringing De Trijlibus : 
And Homer lure had been among the Rout, 
But that the Stories fay his Eyes were out. 
Queens, Cities, Countries, //lands, Come 
All Trees, Birds, Fillies, and each Word in Urn. 

What Syntax here can you expect to find -i 
(Where each one bears fuch difcompofed mind. 
Figures of Di&ion and Conftru&ion, 



Mr. Ezekiel Chevei 

The late and famous School-Maftet of Bojton in New-England j Who Departe 
Twenty-firfi of Augufi 1708. Early in the fcforning. In the Ninety-fourth Year 



ElghtParts of Speech thisDay wear MourningGoms 
Declin'd Verbs, Pronouns, Participles, Hems. 
\ And not declined, Adverbs and Conjunctions, 
\ In Lif/ies I orch they ftand to do their fun&ions. 
With Prepofitio* j \>ut the moft affection 
Was ftill obferved in the Inter jeftion. 
The Subjiantive '.Teeming the limbed beft, 
Would fet an hand to bear him to his Reft. 
The Adjettive with very grief did fay, 
Hold me by ftrength, or I fhall faint away. 
The Clouds of Tears did over-caft their faces, 
Yea all were in moft lamentable Cafes. 
The five Declenfipns did the Work decline, 
i And Told the Prcnoutt Tu, The work is thine 1 
I But in this cafe thofe have no call to go 
That want/ the Vocative, and can't fay O! 
The Pronouns faid that if the Horns were there, 
There was no need of them,they might thcmfpare : 
But for the fake of Bmphafis they would, 
In their Difcretion do what ere they could* 
Great honour was corifer'd on Conjugations, 
They were to follow next to the Relations. 
Amo did love him beft, and Doceo might 
Alledge he was his Glory and Delight. 
But Lego faid by me he got his skill, 
And therefore next the Herfe I follow will 
Audio 1 faid little, hearing them fo hot, 
Yet knew by him much Learning he had got. 
Verh the A&ive were, Or Pafm fure, 
Sum to be Neuter could not well endure. 
But this was common to them all to Moan 
[Their load of grief they could not foon Depone. 
A doleful Day for Verbs, they look fo moody, 
They drove Spectators to a Mournful Study. 
The Verh irregular, 'twas thought by fijtne, 
Would break no rule, if they were pleas'd to come. 
Gaudeo could not be found j fearing difgrace 
He had with-drawn, fent Mareo in his Place. 
PoJJiim did to the utmoft he was able, 
And bore as Stout as if he'd been A Table. 



Volo was willing, Nolo fome-wl 
But M&lo rather chofe, not to : 
Poffum and Volo wifli'd all mig 
Their help, but had not an Imp 
Edo from Service would by no 
Rather than fail, -he thought the 
Fio was taken in a fit, and fei 
By him a Mournful P OEMtia. 
Fero Was willing for to bear a 
Altho' he did it with an aking 
Fefor excus'd, with grief he w; 
He could not bear, he needed 
Such Nouns and Verh as we 

No Grasmvar Rial© 4isi their gtt 

They were excepted, and exer 
But Supines, all did blame for 
Verbs Offspring, Participles hat 
Follow, and by the fame direel 
The reft Promifcuoufly did ero 
Such Multitudes of each, they 
Next to the Corps to maketh' 
Jove, Mercury, Apollo came fron 
And Virgil, Cato, gods, men, ] 
With Elegies, Tears, Sighs, cai 
Ovid horn Pontus haft's Appan 
In Exile-weeds bringing De T 
And Homer lure had been am< 
But that the Stories fay his Ey 
Queens, Cities, Countries, //lands 
All Trees, Birds, Fillies, and e 
What Syntax here can you 
Where each one bears fuch difi 
Figures of Di<3ion and Conftr 
I Do little : Yet ftand fadly lo 
That fuch a Train may in the 
Profodia gives the mealure Wo 

Sic M 



[r. Ezekiel Chevers, 

mous School-Mafter of Bojton in New-England j Who Departed this Life the 
Augufi 1708. Early in the Morning. In the Ninety-fourth Year of his Age. 



°ch thisDay vjzaxMourn'mgGw*$ 
Pronouns, Participles, Nouns, 
tdverbs and Conjunctions, 
• ftand to do their functions. 
>ut the moll affe&ion 
n the Interjection. 
tning the limbed beft, 
to bear him to his Reft. 

very grief did fay, 
h, or I fhall faint away, 
s did oyer-caft their faces, 
)ft lamentable Cafes. 

did the Work decline, 
m Tu, The work is thine t 
s have no call to go 
'foe, and can't fay O! 
hat if the Houns were there, 
jf them,they might them fpare : 
Imphafis they would, 
lo what ere they could, 
^rifer'd on Conjugations, 
w next to the Relations. 
eft, and Doceo might 
Glory and Delight, 
aae he got his skill, 
c the Herfe I foEow will 
saring them fo hot, 

much Learning he had got. 

were, Or Pajive fure, 
juld not well endure, 
on to them all to Moan 
they could not foon Depone. 
r erbs, they look fo moody, 
tors to a Mournful Study. 
, 'twas thought by fame, 
e, if they were pieas'd to come. 

found j fearing difgrace 
1, fent Mareo in his Place, 
tmoft he was able, 

as if he'd been A Talk. 



Volo was willing, Nolo fome-what ftout, 
But M&lo rather chofe, not to ftand out. 
Poffum and Volo wifli'd all might afford 
Their help, but had not an Imperative Wot d. 
Edo from Service would by no means Swerve, 
Rather than fail, -he thought the Cakes to Serve. 
Fio was taken in a fit, and laid, 
By him a Mournful P OEM Ihould be made, 
Fero was willing for to bear a part, 
Akho' he did it with an aking heart. 
Fefor excus'd, with grief he was 4b Torn, 
He could not bear, he needed to be born. 

Such. Houns and Verbs as we defective find, 
No Grammar Rial© did their attendance bind. 
They were excepted, and exempted hence, 
But Supines, all did blame for negligence. 
Verbs Offspring, Participles hand-in-hand, 
Follow, and by the fame direction ftand : 
The reft Promifcuoufly did croud and cumber, 
Such Multitudes of each, they wanted Number. 
Next to the Corps to make th' attendance even, 
Jove , Mercury, Apollo came from heaven. 
And Virgil, Cato, gods, men, Rivers, Winds, 
With Elegies, Tears, Sighs, came in their .kinds. 
Ovidfwm Pontus haft's Apparrell'd thus, 
In Exile- weeds bringing De Trijiibus : 
And Homer fure had been among the Rout, 
But that the Stories fay his Eyes were out. 
Queens, Cities, Countries, //lands, Come 
j All Trees, Birds, Fillies, and each Word in Urn. 
j What Syntax here can you expecl: to find ? 
I Where each one bears fuch difcompofed mind. 
Figures of Di&ion and Conftru&ion, 
{Do little : Yet ftand fadly looking on. 
That fuch a Train may in their motion chord, 
Profodia gives the meaiure Word for Word. 

Sic Mafias Cecinit, 



1889.] BBMAEKS BY MR. WOLCOTT. 3 

John Woodmancy, merchant, who died in the year 1684. 
Ezekiel Chevers (now written Cheever), whose death was the 
occasion of the printing of the Elegy, was a noted school- 
master in early colonial times. He was the author of a Latin 
Grammar, commonly known as " Cheever's Accidence," which 
passed through more than twenty editions, and for a century 
was used throughout New England in those schools where the 
Latin tongue was taught ; and he was for nearly thirty-eight 
years the head-master of the Boston Latin School. Benjamin 
Tompson, the writer of the lines, was a graduate of Harvard 
College in the Class of 1662, and a physician of some repute. 
He was Mr. Cheever's immediate predecessor as head-master 
of the school, and a man of various attainments. He was 
the earliest native American poet, and the author of several 
printed poems. A list of his works, so far as they were known, 
appears in Mr. John Langdon Sibley's " Harvard Graduates " 
(vol. ii. pp. 109, 110), but " The Grammarian's Funeral " is 
not mentioned. There is a suggestion of resemblance between 
this production and an " Essay " in metre, which appears at 
the end of Cotton Mather's sermon on Ezekiel Cheever, pub- 
lished in the year 1708. 

The original copy of the Elegy was given to me by Mrs. 
Elizabeth Meriel (Mansfield | Williams) Knapp, daughter of 
Dr. Joseph and Abi (Hartwell) Mansfield, of Groton, who 
found it among her father's papers. Dr. Mansfield was a 
graduate of Harvard College in the Class of 1801, and a poet 
of considerable merit, besides being a schoolmaster and a 
physician, — a combination of callings which, perhaps, had 
some connection with the saving of the poetical waif. He 
was born at Lynn on Dec. 17, 1770, and died at Groton on 
April 23, 1830. 



Mr. Wolcott read, from a manuscript in the handwriting 
of Washington, a detailed account of the expedition against 
Fort Du Quesne in 1754, and of the subsequent expedition 
which resulted in Braddock's defeat. This account was writ- 
ten by Washington in reply to inquiries made to him by 
Col. David Humphreys, one of his aids, who contemplated 
publishing a biography of his chief. It is believed that the 
information given by Washington regarding his own part in 



4 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

these campaigns has never been made public. The manu- 
script was given in 1829 by the widow of Colonel Humphreys 
to John Pickering, son of Col. Timothy Pickering, and 
through him has come into the hands of Mr. Henry G. Pick- 
ering, by whose permission it was read to the Society. It will 
be printed later in the Proceedings. 

The President then said that we were looking forward to 
our one hundredth anniversary, and that there was a gentle- 
man present whose membership covered precisely half of the 
hundred years. 

The Hon. Robert C. Wikthrop then spoke as follows : — 

If I had followed my impulses, Mr. President, instead of 
yielding to my discretion, I should have risen at once, after 
you had finished your introductory remarks, and should not 
have waited for you to call on me now. I could have added 
little, indeed, to your tribute to our deceased associate Mr. 
Amory ; but I would gladly have united in doing honor to 
the memory of President Woolsey, — one of the most accom- 
plished and valuable men whose names have adorned our roll, 
— and of Dr. Samuel Austin Allibone, whose " Dictionary of 
Authors " may be counted among the herculean labors of mod- 
ern bibliographical literature. Meanwhile you have kindly 
alluded to me as one whose membership of this Society covers 
a full half of the hundred years of its existence, so soon to be 
completed and celebrated. It is true, Sir, that I was elected 
in the month of October, 1839, and that this may therefore 
be regarded as the fiftieth anniversary of my admission to this 
oldest Historical Society in our land. I need not add that 
there is no one left, except myself, of the Resident Members 
of that day, as I have been so often designated as " the vener- 
able Senior Member" ever since the death of Mr. Savage, 
fifteen or sixteen years ago. Our distinguished historian Ban- 
croft was, indeed, one of our Resident Members when I was 
chosen, but his removal from the State not long afterwards 
compelled us to transfer his name to our Honorary roll. He 
is still, however, the oldest member of the Society; and all 
our best wishes will, I am sure, have gone out to him on his 
recent eighty-ninth birthday. 

It was a goodly company, Mr. President, into which I 
was admitted in 1839, and one with which any man might 



1889.] EEMAEKS BY HON. E. C. "WTNTHEOP. 5 

have been proud to be associated. We had not with us 
then, it is true, some of the famous poets with whom we 
have taken sweet counsel in later years, nor some of our 
most brilliant historians. Longfellow and Emerson and 
Holmes and Lowell and Motley and Parkman were associ- 
ates of a much more recent date. But our Society then in- 
cluded, among its sixty members, venerable and venerated 
clergymen, like Dr. William Jenks, Dr. John Pierce, Dr. 
Charles Lowell, Dr. Convers Francis, and Dr. Alexander 
Young; illustrious statesmen, like John Quincy Adams, 
Josiah Quincy, and Daniel Webster ; learned judges and 
counsellors, like John Davis, Daniel A. White, Leverett 
Saltonstall, Lemuel Shaw, and Rufus Choate ; while of 
authors and orators it had George Ticknor, Jared Sparks, 
William H. Prescott, Francis C. Gray, John G. Palfrey, 
and Edward Everett. I must not omit Nathan Appleton, 
the eminent merchant and financier, and good Isaac P. 
Davis, one of the most obliging and useful members we 
have ever bad. Nor can I fail to name my own honored 
father, who was then our President ; and James Savage, our 
great antiquarian, who soon succeeded him in the chair. 

I may be pardoned for remembering that I was then only 
thirty years of age ; but I had been a member of the Legis- 
lature of Massachusetts for four or five years, and Speaker 
of the House for one of them ; and that may, perhaps, ac- 
count for my early admission to this Society. Not long af- 
terwards, however, — in December of the same year, 1839, — 
I did my best to justify my election by delivering a long and 
elaborate address before the New England Society of New 
York, on the Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers. It was my 
first historical oration, or, indeed, oration of any kind ; and I 
recall with no little pride the generous praise which it elicited 
from our former president, Judge Davis, — himself pre-emi- 
nently the umpire of all that related to Ptymouth or Pilgrim 
history. To him I had ventured to send the proof-sheets for 
his corrections and criticism, and his appreciative and com- 
plimentary letter is among my most precious autographs of 
that far-away period. 

But I have not come here this afternoon to say anything 
about myself or to make any communication of my own. I 
hold in my hand a valuable communication from one of our 



6 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

Corresponding Members, to which I will make a brief explana- 
tory preamble. 

It happened that when my friend, the Hon. J. L. M. Curry, 
of Virginia, resigned his position as general agent of the Pea- 
body Education Trustees, — a position to which, I rejoice to 
say, he has recently returned, — and when he was about 
embarking for Europe as United States Minister at Madrid, 
I reminded him that two of my relatives had been Ministers 
to Spain in years long past. One of them was my great- 
uncle, James Bowdoin, the son of Governor Bovvdoin of 
Revolutionary and Shays' Rebellion times. The other was 
George William Erving, his cousin, of a somewhat later period. 
I ventured to request him, if he found anything in the archives 
of the Legation at Madrid which would throw light on the 
services of either of these relatives^ that he would kindly 
make it known to me. In conformity with this request, Dr. 
Curry has prepared a memorandum or memoir of the diplo- 
matic services of George William Erving, containing the re- 
sults of an investigation of the archives of the Legation in 
Madrid, and he placed it in my hands at the meeting of the 
Peabody Trustees from which I have just returned, saying 
that it would give him pleasure if I should see fit to present 
it to this Society, with his respects, as one of our Correspond- 
ing Members. 

I am the more willing and glad to do this, as Mr. Erving 
was himself also a Corresponding Member, having been 
elected on the 31st of October, 1822, and was the giver to 
our Cabinet — where it still is — of a fine set of the French 
medals of Washington and Columbus and Franklin and oth- 
ers, in a case inscribed with his name, which was long the only 
set of those medals in our possession. He was a man, too, 
of great accomplishments and of no little historical research. 
He was educated at Oriel College in the University of Oxford. 
His essay on the Basque Language was much prized by phi- 
lologists half a century ago ; and his account of the little 
Republic of San Marino, in a New York Review long since 
discontinued, attracted much notice at the time. He was a 
friend of the Hon. John Pickering, of George Ticknor, and 
of others of our best-known literary men. 

His name as Minister to Spain has often been confounded 
with that of Washington Irving, who succeeded him after 



1889.] REMARKS BY HON. R. 0. W1NTHROP. 7 

many years at the Court of Madrid ; and I have more than 
once found it misspelled in the published documents of Con- 
gress and the State Department. 1 James Madison had a 
marble bust of my kinsman in his library at Montpelier, Va., 
where I had the good fortune to visit him in 1832 ; and the 
bust is now in my own possession. Mr. Madison then told 
me that he never had a more. capable and faithful minister 
in his service, during his sixteen years' term as Secretary of 
State and as President of the United States, than George 
William Erving. 

Mr. Erving was not so fortunate in winning the confidence 
and regard of John Quincy Adams, with whom he had a 
controversy during the period of the annexation of Texas, 
and who spoke somewhat harshly of him in his Diary. It 
chanced that during this annexation period a letter which 
Mr. Erving had written to General Jackson many years be- 
fore, and which had been marked " private," found its way 
into print, through the agency of some unscrupulous mis- 
chief-maker, and greatly to Mr. Erving's surprise and chagrin. 
As it referred to some words or acts of Mr. Adams in any- 
thing but an approving tone, I was requested by Erving to 
explain to Mr. Adams, with whom I was then in Congress, 
that the letter was an off-hand effusion, written in the midst 
of party controversies, and altogether private, and that it had 
now been surreptitiously published to his great regret. The 
message was kindly received by Mr. Adams, and I had hoped 
that there was an end of the matter. But Mr. Adams did 
not forget or forgive the letter, as was perhaps not to have 
been too confidently expected. 

Many months afterward, — it seems but yesterday, though 
it must be much more than forty years ago, — Mr. Adams 
poost kindly called on me, soon after breakfast, at my house 
in Summer Street. He was on his way to the ordination or 
induction of some Unitarian clergyman, whose name I have 
forgotten, not far from Boston. I remember his telling me 
that he never failed to attend such occasions, whenever he 
was invited, and mentioned, among other things, that he be- 
lieved he had a pew in every church of every denomination 

1 Washington Irving, it is said, was descended from the same old Scotch 
family, whose name is now generally written Irvine. 



8 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

in Washington. As a matter of fact, however, he almost 
always attended services on Sunday at the Capitol, par- 
ticularly while the Rev. Mr. Cookman — a Methodist preacher 
of remarkable power and eloquence, whom he greatly ad- 
mired, as all of us did — was chaplain of Congress. 

But he then proceeded to tell me that he was to deliver a 
lecture that very evening, before the Young Men's Whig Club, 
in Tremont Temple, on the proposed annexation of Texas, 
and that he should have occasion to allude to the letter of 
Mr. Erving, in regard to which I had made an explanation 
some time previously. He said that he desired to tell me 
this in advance, as I was a relative and friend of Mr. Erving ; 
and lest I should be deterred from coming to hear the lecture 
he wished to assure me that he should spare Erving from any 
severe strictures. " I shall spare him on your account," said 
he ; "and I hope you will come and hear me." I thanked him 
heartily for his kind consideration, and went to hear the 
lecture accordingly. 

But such a sparing I had never dreamed of. In the heat 
of delivery Mr. Adams poured out an invective upon my 
poor kinsman of the most intense character, and I made up 
my mind that nothing could ever be more formidable than 
to be spared by Mr. Adams. But the " old man eloquent " — 
I had almost said the dear old man, and he was dear to us 
all — fully believed that he had dealt leniently and tenderly 
with Mr. Erving on my account ; and I doubt not that he 
might have said a great deal sharper and severer things, if I 
had not been present. At all events, there was nothing but 
kindness and cordiality between us to the end of his life ; 
and I recall much that was most amiable and even affectionate 
in his intercourse with me at Washington. Nothing could 
ever tempt me to say a disrespectful or disparaging word of 
one for whom I cherished so much regard and veneration, 
and whose friendship I count among the most valued privi- 
leges of my life. 

In the course of my subsequent correspondence with Mr. 
Erving, while he was still in Europe, I begged him to give 
me some account of his family and of himself ; and not long 
afterwards I received a letter from him, full of interesting 
details of the Boston Ervings of the olden time, more than 
one of whom was appointed a Mandamus Councillor, and 



1889.] LETTER OF HON. G. W. ERVING. 9 

several of whom were refugees after the British army was 
driven out of our harbor by Washington. It also contains not 
a few striking allusions to his own early career as an Ameri- 
can Democrat. I will not attempt to read any part of it on 
this occasion; but if the Publishing Committee shall accept 
Dr. Curry's communication and give it a place in one of the 
volumes of our Proceedings, as I trust they will do, I will 
append the Erving letter to these remarks as a preamble. 

Mr. Erving died at New York, on the 22d of July, 1850, 
having completed the eighty-first year of his age on the 15th 
of the same month. He had lived long abroad, and was 
under the impression that holographs, or wills written by 
the testator's own hand, were everywhere valid. He left 
duplicates of such a will, carefully drafted and deposited in 
safe places. But the want of witnesses to his signature was 
fatal, and his property was distributed according to laws 
governing the estates of intestates. A much larger portion of 
it would otherwise have gone to the late Col. John Erving, 
of the United States Army, and to his son, John (Langdon- 
Elwyn) Erving, of New York. 



Letter of Hon. George W. Erving. 

Paris, Aug. 30, 1843. 
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, M.C., 
Boston. 

Mi dear Sir, — I wrote to you on the 25th inst., and now, pur- 
suant to my promise, take up the matter referred to on closing that 
letter. My notes, however, will not be very precise in dates, for I 
have not any documents to assist my frail memory. All my family 
papers which were not lost, with a mass of public records and official 
correspondences and various valuable effects, in the great fire of New 
York some six years ago, are now locked up at Washington ; amongst 
them my grandfather's ledgers and letters, and his more interesting 
early correspondence with his relations in Scotland. 

My grandfather (your great-great-grandfather), John Erving, was 
born at Kirkwall (in the Orkneys) in the year 1690. He came to 
Boston at about the age of sixteen, say in the year 1706, a poor sailor- 
boy. In the usual course he rose from the condition of sailor to be 
captain when yet young ; then quitted the profession, and established 
himself as ship-owner and merchant. He was a man of powerful intel- 
lect, of singular sagacity and strict probity. These qualities, added to 

2 



10 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

the experience gained in various voyages, produced uniform success in 
his commercial operations, and he died at the age of ninety-seven, the 
most wealthy merchant of his time in New England. 

The Scotch, even of the Lowlands, are especially accurate in, and 
careful of, their genealogical records ; the Highlanders and the natives 
of the northern isles still more so. They are the more tenacious of 
such family honors in proportion as their blood has been less mixed 
with the Saxon ; and the more northern clans can boast that no con- 
queror, from the Roman downward, has ever placed his foot on their 
soil. Thus, though the populations of the Orkneys can be considered 
but as communities of poor fishermen, yet they are more proud of their 
pure lineage than are princes of the south ; and, generally speaking, 
pride of descent will always be in proportion to the degree of poverty 
in societies, for it is a compensation. Where the distinctions of wealth 
and high intellectual cultivation do not exist, there family distinction is 
all-important. When our grandfather grew to manhood and became a 
merchant' this ancestral pride was roused into action, and he forthwith 
procured from Scotland, and in regularly authentic form of the heralds, 
his genealogical record and the blazon of his family arms. It appears 
that the original family name was " Ervin Wynn," which is explained 
(according to my best recollection) to mean " strong man of the Wes>t." 

The " clans " Bonshaw and Drom now make the family Erving. 
One was absorbed by the other ; Bonshaw, I think, was the original 
Erving, and Drom the clan extinguished by the union. In the blazon 
of the arms, then, the right (holly or holleyn leaves) are the bearings 
of Bonshaw, to which also belongs the appropriate motto, " Sub sole 
sub umbra virescens ; " the spread eagle on the left is of the extinct 
clan Drom. I do not see that any of the race appeared in public life 
previous to the time of Robert Bruce ; then an Erving distinguished 
as a warrior was the King's armor-bearer. 

I cannot say at what time my grandfather married, but conjecture 
in about 1720 ; his wife was Abigail Phillips, of a very old Welsh 
family, the head of which, Sir Richard Phillips, considered that his 
ancient baronetcy was more honorable than a peerage ; that therefore 
he refused, but his successor accepted and became Lord Milford. Of 
this marriage there were four sons and four daughters, viz. : 

John, who married into the English family Shirley. He died at 
Bath, 1816. 

George, who married, in 1768, Lucy Winslow, daughter of Isaac 
Winslow of Roxbury. She died in 1770, leaving one son. My father 
took a second wife in 1775, Mary Macintosh Royal, daughter of 
Brigadier-General Royal of Medford. She died childless, 1786. My 
father died, 1806. 

James died unmarried, in the West Indies. 



1889.] LETTER OP HON. G. W. ERVING. 11 

William, a captain in the British army, quitted that service on the 
commencement of the Revolutionary War, and died unmarried at 
Eoxbury. 

Elizabeth, your great-grandmother Bowdoin. 

Mary, married to Colonel Scott of the English army, and Governor of 
Dominica and of Granada. 

Anne, married to Duncan Stewart of Ardsheil in the Highlands. 

Sarah, married to Colonel Waldo. 

Now, having brought this genealogical matter down to your own 
time, I will add, respecting some of the persons or families named, 
whatever anecdotical that may interest you. 

My uncle John Erving was a man of a lofty, dignified character, a 
perfect gentleman, loved and respected by all who knew him. His 
wife was a woman of superior mind, yet too proud of her Shirley 1 
descent, and having also a very bad temper, she estranged her husband 
from his two sons, John and Shirley ; these left their parents, and 
settled and died in the United States. 

My uncle William was also a perfect gentleman, and passionately 
devoted to his profession ; he was distinguished as a mathematician, and 
ranked very high in the English army as an engineer whilst aide-de- 
camp of the famous General Wolfe at the siege of Quebec. On the 
breaking out of the " American war," he refused to serve any longer, 
and retired on half pay. 2 

The Winslow family, of which was my mother, is the oldest of 
the Pilgrim race. Mary Chilton was the first woman who landed at 
Plymouth ; she was married to the brother of the first Governor 
Winslow, and produced the first child born in the Colony; from her are 
descended all the Winslows. 

My aunt Sarah was as pure a human character as ever existed, but 
she was so plain in person that grandfather prophesied that she would 
never "get a husband," — "too ugly." He was mistaken; she was mar- 
ried to Colonel Waldo, an excellent man and rich withal. I have seen 
lately, in an English paper, notice of the decease of two sisters Waldo, 
old-maids, excessively rich ; the notice adds that theirs was the " oldest 
family in England." I sent that notice to my cousin Isaac Winslow of 
Boston for the use of the Waldos remaining amongst us. 

The Bowdoin, or Boudoin, family I suppose you know to have been 
Counts of Flanders, and that one of them during the "holy wars" 
became King of Jerusalem. 3 I suspect that the origin of this name was 
" Beau Doyen ; " if so, the race was French before Flemish. 

1 Shirley Lord Ferrers. 

2 He was the founder of the Erving Professorship of Chemistry at Harvard 
College, having been graduated there in 1763. 

3 There is no evidence to support this often repeated legend. " Baudouin " 



12 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

Duncan Stewart of Ardsheil : — the father of this gentleman (who 
married Anne Erving), was at the head of the clans of Appin and 
Ardsheil in the rebellion of 1745; that "outbreak" failing, all his 
estates were sequestered. When Lord Bute became prime minister 
of George III., the Scotch were taken into favor under the special 
patronage of that Scotch minister. Great numbers of his countrymen 
were provided with places, pensions, etc. Duncan Stewart was made 
Collector of New London. Duncan was in his person what the women 
call a " fine man," tall, well proportioned, and with regular features ; 
his intellect was quite moderate, but its deficiency was amply com- 
pensated by an extraordinary proportion of native cunning, to which 
he added great persistence in subtle and obsequious cajolery ; it was 
thus that he built up his fortune. He effected more in a few years 
by these means, than a man having any dignity of character could have 
effected during a long life with tenfold the capacity of Duncan. When 
he took possession of his small post he lost no time in seeking "to 
better his fortune by marriage in this fine country" (said he), and for 
this, " came up " to Boston. There his Scotch birth procured intro- 
duction to the Scotch chief of Boston, with whose daughter Anne he 
immediately " fell in love." My grandfather a clear-sighted man, who 
loved his money more than Duncan loved his daughter, treated the 
suitor as a needy Scotch fortune-hunter, and drove him off; but Dun- 
can was not to be rebutted. The poor girl's intellect was about on a 
par with his own ; she became " love-sick," and the old gentleman, 
though a severe father, was sufficiently affectionate ; so he finally 
though most reluctantly, consented to the marriage. The Revolution 
drove Duncan from New to Old Londou; there boasting, like others 
under similar circumstances, of his loyalty and sufferings in " the 
royal cause," he obtained the collectorship of Bermuda. Still he kept 
on delving, digging, soliciting, and cajoling; so procured the transfer 
of the Bermuda post to his second son (John), and finally the restitu- 
tion of the sequestered Highland estates to which he retired, and died 
there in his kilt (I think it is called) or " fillibeg," Laird of Ardsheil 
and Appin, — dignities now held by his eldest son Charles, an innocent 
inoffensive, half-witted gentleman. 

Mary Macintosh Royal, my father's second wife, was a daughter 
of Brigadier-General Royal of Medford, who married a daughter of 
General Mac Intosh, a Scotchman in the service of Holland. He had 
large estates in the Dutch Colony of Surinam. These he bequeathed 
in equal portions to his daughter Royal and another daughter who had 
married a Mr. Palmer. Mrs. Royal bequeathed her estate in equal 



has long been a common French name ; and no efforts to discover the precise 
ancestry of Pierre Baudouin, who fled from Rochelle in 1685 and came to New 
England in 1687, have thus far been successful. 



1889.] LETTER OF HON. G. W. EEVING. 13 

portions to my mother-in-law and her other daughter who was married 
to Sir William Pepperell. 

The Pepperell baronetcy: — This was of very honorable origin. In 
the " old French war," which terminated in the English conquest of 
Canada, their success was wholly due to the New England militia com- 
manded by General Pepperell of Saco. The English naval commander 
Warren nevertheless contrived to appropriate to his own use all the 
rich plunder of the captured city, in contempt of "Yankee" militia; 
the Government of England should have made him disgorge, but that 
operation is contrary to its buccaneer code. So they gave a baronetcy 
to Pepperell, and a service of silver plate, on the several pieces of 
which was engraved the acknowledgment of his services ; and besides 
this, they honored him with a coat of arms from their heralds' office, 
with one of their pun mottoes, namely, " Peperi " ! 

Old Sir William was as modest as brave, and he left the Englishman 
in quiet possession of his plunder. This worthy man was connected by 
marriage with the " Sparhawks," an old family " seated" at Kittery near 
Portsmouth in New Hampshire ; and having no children of his own he 
took under his care, by a sort of adoption, that one of the Kits who had 
been named after him " William." This William Sparhawk was a fine 
lad, and grew up to be a very handsome man. He had received a good 
college education, and was polished in his manners and address. These 
advantages, added to his near relationship to the old general, though he 
was not the eldest of the nephews, procured him the succession to 
the title and plate, with the name Pepperell and the motto " Peperi." 
This my mother-in-law's brother-in-law gave the lie to craniology ; he 
had a very large skull, but nearly empty ; he died some years ago. The 
title is extinct. " Sic transit gloria." (Mrs. Jarvis, wife of the patriot 
Dr. Jarvis, was a Sparhawk, sister of Sir William Pepperell.) 

My father and Uncle John emigrated to England, as you know. 
Some account of that emigration may be interesting to you. As to 
Uncle John, I can say but little ; he was, as I think, a radical royalist. 
But not so my father ; he was amongst those who in the commencement 
of the " troubles " opposed the proceedings of the British Ministry, and 
on those matters was much in communion with the Adamses and others ; 
but when the dispute tended to separation, and when he saw that the 
opposition had resolved on armed resistance, he separated from them, 
for he considered a resort to force a " rebellion " not to be justified by 
the then position of affairs, and his opinion also was that such means of 
redress must fail ; that it was impossible for the " Colonies " to resist with 
success the power of Great Britain. The British Government, always 
precipitate and violent in its measures, had determined on the expedient 
of a Council by writ of "Mandamus," for the maintenance of the " King's 
authority," — this Council to be composed of the most influential indi- 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

viduals in Boston. The then position of our family there recommended 
it specially to this royal favor. Thus three of its members — grand- 
father, father, and Uncle John — were made Councillors. My grand- 
father, whose first ambition was to preserve his wealth from all haz- 
ards, pleaded his advanced age on declining to accept of a seat at 
the board. His sons accepted, — John willingly, George not without 
hesitation. 

General Washington soon disturbed these wise arrangements of the 
British Government, and compelled its troops to evacuate Boston. 
The " Loyalists " of course fled, and amongst them not a few needy ad- 
venturers under the name of " Loyalists," to proclaim their " sufferings " 
and obtain pensions in England, so that a sufficiency of transports to 
carry them away were scarcely to be had ; a ship, however, was spe- 
cially appointed for the use of the " Mandamus Council." The capture 
of Boston by the American " militia " had totally changed my father's 
opinion as to what would be the result of the struggle, yet he was 
deeply compromitted ; revocare gradum was impossible. When the 
ship was outside the lighthouse, and his colleagues were assembled on 
its deck discussing state affairs, and all full of confidence that they 
should soon be brought back in triumph, he said with great solemnity, 
" Gentlemen, not one of you will ever see that place again." Arrived 
at Halifax, they there expected the summons for their triumphal return ; 
my father forthwith took passage for, and with his wife and child arrived 
safely in, London. The other members of the Council finally followed 
his example. These gentlemen were individually consulted by the Sec- 
retary of State as to the prospect of affairs in the " Colonies." " Soft 
words suit best petitioner's interest." Thus the governmental views 
were flattered by the emigrants. My father's views, unfavorable to the 
Government, were frankly expressed ; consequently he was frowned on 
and no longer consulted ; so after remaining about a year in London, he 
retired to the country, where he resided about fourteen years, — till my 
grandfather's death. In the mean time his moderate income was derived 
from my mother-in-law's Surinam estate, out of which, however, he 
was able to save enough for the expenses of his son's education, which 
occupied all his attention, for he had no child (living) by his second 
wife. 

He remained always repenting of his error. Many a time and oft 
has he expressed to me his most bitter regrets, and that his only conso- 
lation was that his errors had not deprived me of my rights as an Amer- 
ican. " I have committed," said he, " a great fault, but you are not 
responsible. I brought you away a child (of five years) ; but remember 
that when you are twenty-one you are freed from my authority as 
father and will then return to your native country." And so he sent 
me, and there commences my history, — not to be written. After the 



1889.] LETTER OP HON. G. W. EEVING. 15 

death of my grandfather, my father took a house in London, and there 
he died whilst I was Charge d' Affaires in Spain. He remained to the 
day of his death an impassioned American, as you may probably see in 
his correspondence with Governor Bowdoin. He carried this deep- 
rooted affection into the smallest circumstances. He imported salt fish, — 
as though it could not be purchased in London, — and he gave regularly 
his salt-fish dinners ; he was delighted more with a hickory walking- 
stick that I gave to him than with a rich gold snuff-box which I pur- 
chased for him here in Paris. All his conversation was about the 
United States and their future prospects ; and when I was Consul and 
Agent of the United States in London, he was never so pleased as when 
I could pick up some intelligent American as guest at his table. You 
see, then, that my father had made me an American, though I had not 
been so of my own proper right and disposition. 

But what made me a democrat, which he was not? In affairs of 
government he was "liberal" because the temper of his mind was 
just, mild, and generous, but his political opinions tended to limited 
monarchy. What made the son, who adored the father, a radical 
democrat? Thus it was: the father had for system never to influ- 
ence the opinions of his son on the two important points, — politics 
and religion ; he left his son perfectly at large to direct his own 
studies, never recommending even a course of reading. The many 
works of philosophy and history which his library contained were at 
my disposal, and I devoured them without restraint. Meditation on 
these and on what I observed of turpitude in the monarchical and 
aristocratic systems of government formed the basis of my creed ; a 
natural aptitude to the precision of mathematical reasoning, added 
to an innate horror of all that is unjust, of all fraud, of oppression, 
powerful over weak, rich over poor, completed my political education, 
and I became, as I have always remained without the least devi- 
ation, democrat in the full sense of that term. Indeed these politi- 
cal sentiments are not susceptible of change, for they are bound up 
with the moral ; they make a religion, in which no man can be more 
sincere and devout than I am. Yet I am not " Catholic " to the extent 
of supposing that all out of the " pale " are to be " damned." It is a 
good religion which makes an honest man. I have a perfect respect for 
conscience ; men may be perfectly virtuous and sincere though in error ; 
and again " to err is human," and which of us, however sincere, can 
positively assert that he is not in error. Certainly there is as much 
honor and civic virtue amongst those of our citizens who are inimical to 
pure democracy, as is to be found amongst professed Democrats, — it 
may be more ; for it is not every one who says, " Lord, Lord," that is to 
be believed. I have learnt to distrust professions, and in fact have well 
known but few men whose political principles were religious. Apropos 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

of these truths, I will expose to you the why a certain pretender has, 
as you tell me, lately joined the O'Connell clamor, and why indeed in 
all things he is so ultra anti-anglican. A few years ago he visited 
England, and he was not received with the distinction which he mer- 
ited ; on the contrary, he had reason to be disgusted and offended. The 
book was the first discharge of bile ; Irish agitation is No. 2 ; and that 
we may not suffer by a more important No. 3, it were well that he be 
kept aloof from the white goal. There are few who are inconvertible 
by personal considerations ; the political profession of individuals is 
to be viewed in connection with their social positions. When a man 
like your grand-uncle Bowdoin is so placed in the community by the 
advantages of education, fortune, and family as to be an aristocrat, 
yet is a consistent and uniform democrat, then only my confidence is 
entire. 

I have been more diffuse in these memoranda than I expected to be ; 
and worse, contrary to my expressed intention, I have unwittingly intro- 
duced too much of myself. I have been thus seduced by a peculiar feel- 
ing which you can hardly conceive of now; you will when at my age. 
I write to a young man of great promise, who a few years ago (it seems 
to me but ten years) I had a baby in my arms ; and I write on the affairs 
of our common family, — these reminiscences of olden time, when being 
at your now age my hours glided so gleely (gleefully) in company with 
your honored father and mother, the most excellent Mr. Bowdoin, and 
my aunt, your great-great-grandmother, the very paragon of matrons. 
Alas ! all the fair illusions of that happy period quickly passed, and 
gave place to the realities of general society with which my heart had 
no communion. When we can no longer look forward with hope, we 
are still happy if we can look back with satisfaction. However over- 
copious my notes, yet you may find in them hiati ; and if so, I will fill 
them up to the best of my power, and reply to whatever questions they 
may suggest to you. My narrations may also contain errors, but are 
free from fable, — in so far have the advantage of all histories, which 
apart from unavoidable errors are at least one third fable. 

My dear sir, yours very truly and sincerely, 

G. W. E. 

P. S. Herewith I enclose two curious little documents for your 
family archives, — one the tax-collector's bill for Province, Town, and 
County taxes paid by my father in 1770 ; and the other a receipt for 
5. 2. paid by my grandmother " for the nursing her son George " in the 
year 1739. 



1889.] GEORGE W. ERVING. 17 



Diplomatic Services of George William Erving. 

The first quarter of this century was a period of great interest and 
activity in our international relations. For a part of the time Napoleon 
wa9 in the zenith of his power and conquests. His ambitious projects 
for himself and family were colossal, and he aimed at nothing less than 
the subordination of Europe and the Mediterranean countries to his 
personal rule. As he found leisure or means at his command, and 
when more immediate designs upon Russia, Austria, Germany, and 
England were not so urgent or feasible in their execution, he sought, 
by combination of arms and intrigue, to attach the Peninsula to his 
dominion and to establish his brother Joseph upon the throne. 

Spain had wealthy possessions on the American continent, and was 
our neighbor not for friendly intercourse but for selfish and hostile ends. 
Her pride and vanity and procrastination complicated and embarrassed 
serious questions, and aggravated minor ones into formidable inter- 
national disputes. In 1793, Washington in a message spoke of the 
" restitution of property escaping into the territories of each other, the 
mutual exchange of fugitives from justice, and the mutual interferences 
of the Indians lying between us." Originally the nominal possessions 
of the Spanish Crown had touched, as was claimed, the territory of 
Russia on the Pacific coast of North America ; and in the question of 
the limits of territories between Great Britain and the United States, 
which came so near involving the two nations in a war, the claim of 
Spain to what we succeeded to by our purchase of Louisiana entered 
not inconsiderably into the contention. 1 The acquisition of Louisiana 
left unsettled the eastern boundary, and the heritage was a diplomatic 
dispute for twenty years. The navigation of the Mississippi created 
and prolonged an angry controversy. The acquisition of Florida, in 
itself and in its connected questions, was constantly a matter of argu- 
ment, crimination, and negotiation. Spoliations upon American com- 
merce, violations of strict neutrality in allowing Great Britain to 
occupy Florida as a base of military movements and in failing to 
control the Indians from hostile aggressions upon the States, illegal 
seizures and condemnation of American vessels in and near the waters 
of the Mediterranean, furnished subject and occasion for numerous 
diplomatic notes and despatches. 

1 In the Instructions to Mr. Erving, May 30, 1816, the Secretary of State 
was careful to have avoided, in any adjustment of boundaries with Spain, what- 
ever "might affect our claims on Columbia River and on the Pacific." Mr. 
Jefferson, who purchased Louisiana, did not claim that it extended west of the 
Rocky Mountains. He said, " To the waters of the Pacific we can found no 
claim in right of Louisiana." 

3 



18 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

During the years mentioned and a few anterior there were most 
delicate and difficult questions growing out of the conduct of the 
Spanish Ministers in Washington, — Gardoquin, Irujo, and Onis, — who 
in their assumptions of superiority forgot their obligations to the coun- 
try to which they were accredited, and conspired to produce disaffection 
in, and one of them the dismemberment of, the Republic. These 
ministerial imbroglios constitute a romantic chapter in our history ; 
and the learned discussions they engendered, disagreeable and menacing 
at the time, hare resulted in settling some important questions as to the 
relations which foreign ministers sustain to the government to which 
they are accredited. In Dr. Wharton's " Digest of International Law," 
a treasury of information and wise discussion, can be found a detail of 
the facts connected with these unpleasantnesses. 

This period was contemporaneous with the Algerine War. Our 
relations with the Barbary Powers gave much trouble until Decatur 
taught them and Europe to respect our rights at sea. 

In the formative epoch from 1776 to 1820, when the United States 
were slowly, in the face of physical and moral obstacles, establishing 
their independence and their co-equality among nations, the Govern- 
ment was fortunate in its foreign representatives. This was true 
generally in Europe, especially in Spain. The labors of these men, 
unheralded and unrecorded except in the unread archives of the State 
Department, have never been properly appreciated. In the erection 
of monuments and the national recognition of benefactors, the country 
has not been quick to recognize the grand and beneficial achievements 
of these remote and quiet laborers. The Government had during these 
eventful years the useful services in Spain of John Jay, William 
Short, William Carmichael, David Humphreys, Thomas Pinckney, 
Charles Pinkney, James Monroe, and George W. Erving. 

The object of this communication is to give some account of the 
diplomatic services of George William Erving. The first post offered 
to him was that of Charge d' Affaires in Portugal. On July 22, 1804, 
President Jefferson asked him to take the agency of our affairs, or the 
consulate, in Tunis. These he was constrained to decline on account 
of duties to his father, far advanced in life and insulated in some de- 
gree in London by reason of his decided loyalty to the United States. 
These proffers were made because of the efficiency and ability he had 
shown as agent in London for managing claims and appeals, under the 
treaty "for the relief of seamen," in the High Court of Admiralty and 
before the Board of Commissioners. Jefferson, to whom he was intro- 
duced by letter from Samuel Adams, and Madison, to whom he was 
presented by Governor Monroe in Richmond, so confided in him that, 
despite the resignations, he was, on Nov. 22, 1804, without solici- 
tation , appointed Secretary to the Legation at Madrid. He promptly 



1889.] GEOKGE W. ERVING. 19 

proceeded from London to bis post, and began a career marked by 
most beneficial services to his country. In the absence of his chief, 
Hon. James Bowdoin, his cousin, who never reached Madrid, the ap- 
pointment as Secretary resulted in Erving's becoming and continuing 
Charge d' Affaires. The Instructions to Bowdoin were repeated to 
Erving. He was to look after the spoliations of Spanish cruisers, and 
considering the manner in which the mission of Monroe and Pinkney 
terminated, — the " obstinate refusal to meet reasonable overtures " and 
the posture of relations between the two countries, — he was specially 
charged to take no steps towards their revival, but also not to conceal 
the cause of the reserve. He was to observe the ordinary civilities 
incident to a state of peace, and to be specially watchful of Spanish 
cruisers and of the rights of American citizens. The serious condi- 
tion of affairs when Erving became the sole representative of our 
country at Madrid may be inferred from the remarks made by Monroe, 
Secretary of State, in 1811, in an unofficial talk with Senor Bernabue, 
the Spanish consul. Mr. Monroe affirmed that authentic documents 
existed in the Department of State which showed that Spanish Ministers 
in Washington had sought to excite discontent, had suggested means 
for, and by intrigues had endeavored to promote, the dismemberment 
of the Republic, and that spoliations on American commerce had never 
been adjusted, notwithstanding a convention between the two countries 
had provided therefor. 

The arrival of Erving in Madrid occurred at a time of much agitation. 
The great naval battle of Trafalgar had been fought the year before. 
In 1806 there was open discord in the royal family. The feuds in the 
household were matters of common notoriety, and caused embarrassment 
in political circles. The first visible symptom of impending convulsion 
was the arrest of Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, by order of his father, 
Charles IV. The breach was caused by a secret application of the 
Prince to Bonaparte, but he was released on mentioning the names of 
his advisers. Manuel Godoy, Prince of Peace, a favorite of the Queen, 
was suspected of having most ambitious schemes in alliance with Na- 
poleon. Erving says, in a letter to Madison, August 10, 1807, that 
the Emperor of France made an offer of the electorate of Hanover to 
Godoy, for which, over and above the troops furnished, lie paid a con- 
siderable sum of money out of his own funds. The results of the war 
made necessary another disposition of the territory, and the Prince was 
told that he should have provision made for him elsewhere ; but believ- 
ing that imperial promises were made only to deceive him, "he was 
furious." Popular indignation was strong against the reigning sov- 
ereign, and he, the Queen, and Godoy projected an escape to some of 
the dependencies in America ; but their departure was frustrated by 
the friends of Ferdinand. Erving cultivated pleasant relations with the 



20 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

" power behind the throne," and had several unofficial communications 
with him in reference to the wishes of the United States. He speaks 
well of Godoy in his administration of public affairs, and characterizes 
him as a " perfect courtier " and an " adept politician." 

This strange man, born at Badajoz in 1768, had a marvellous history. 
Some of our romance writers would need little invention to take the 
incidents of his checkered career and weave them into a thrilling story. 
Ford, in his unique book on Spain, the piquancy and freshness of 
which have been emasculated in the later editions of Murray's Hand- 
book, indulges freely his Hispano-and-Franco-phobia, and speaks of 
Godoy as "a toady," Charles IV.'s" wife's minion," "vile tool of Bona- 
parte," " impoverishing and bartering away the kingdom," "stipulating 
only, mean to the last, for filthy lucre and pensions." In 1808, at 
Aranjuez, in order to save Godoy, the object of search and vengeance 
on the part of soldiers and mob, Charles IV. abdicated in favor of 
Ferdinand VII., who arrived in Madrid on the 23d of March. On the 
same day entered the city Achille Murat, — the French having invaded 
Spain and pushed their conquests and occupation as far as the capital. 
Murat had no purpose, under instructions from his imperial brother-in- 
law, to give more than the faintest semblance of acquiescence in the 
claims of Ferdinand, and soon shoved him aside as a useless supernu- 
merary. He arrogated the Presidency of the Supreme Junta of Spain ; 
and the weak and timid Ferdinand, influenced by the threats or prom- 
ises of Napoleon, ingloriously left the country and joined the remainder 
of the royal family at Bayonne, where he soon ceded to Napoleon all 
his rights to the Spanish Crown, and afterwards importuned him for 
a princess of the Imperial family. 1 In June, Napoleon transferred 
these rights to his brother Joseph, to whom Ferdinand obsequiously 
sent his felicitations on his victories over the Spanish armies, whom he 
called *' the rebel subjects of Joseph." Joseph sent an address to the 
Spanish nation, and soon followed to Madrid, where on the 25th June 
he was proclaimed king. A few days prior to the proclamation the 
houses of the foreign ministers were illuminated, the compliment 
having been invited by the usual notification. None of the miuisters, 
however, received credentials to Joseph, and in a month or two he was 
obliged to fly and Madrid was evacuated by the French. Joseph's 
head-quarters continually shifted. The proverbial loyalty of Spaniards 
to the throne was fully tested, and the absent and contemptible sovereign 
was rroclaimed king with pomp and ceremony and illuminations and 
bull-fights. The country was governed in a very irregular manner, — 
the provinces by Juntas and the nation by a Supreme Junta, which 
moved the seat of authority according to the exigencies of war, the 

1 Edinburgh Review, February, 1815, p. 505. 



1889.] GEORGE W. EKVING. 21 

advance or the receding of the army of invasion. Subsequently, in 
the winter, the French reoccupied Madrid, and Joseph also reappeared. 

It would be foreign to the purpose of this sketch to trace the military 
movements in the Peninsula, large materials for which exist in Mr. 
Erving's minute and interesting despatches, or the fugitive and change- 
able governments in Spain, or the difficulties of residence and trans- 
portation which befell our faithful representative in his efforts to be 
" near " the seat of authority and to avail himself of the whims and 
caprices and necessities of the Ministry, in order to adjust pending dis- 
putes, or to seize an opportune moment for acquiring Florida. 

In 1809, April 14, Erving obtained from the migratory Supreme 
Junta an order for the release of American vessels detained at Algeciras, 
the port near Gibraltar ; and a month later he was successfully remon- 
strating against the British search of American vessels and imprison- 
ment of American seamen in the harbor of Cadiz. Commanders of 
British men of war claimed the right to board any merchant vessel 
and seize and carry off any British subjects liable to military duty ; as 
is well known, this claim of the Eight of Search and Impressment 
led to the War of 1812 for Free Trade and Sailors' Eights. 

In execution of his grasping continental policy, Napoleon sought to 
cripple Great Britain by his famous Berlin and Milan Decrees, which 
declared Great Britain to be in a state of blockade, prohibited all 
intercourse with her, and pronounced all goods of British origin to be 
lawful prize. The Government of Great Britain retaliated by the first 
Orders in Council, in 1807, which prohibited all trade with France and 
her European possessions which did not pass through England, and in 
1809 by another series, which revived " uuderhand and in detail," as 
said the " Edinburgh Review," the monopoly of 1807. These belliger- 
ent acts affected all neutral nations, nearly annihilated all neutral trade, 
and were particularly harmful to the growing trade of the United States. 
Our Embargo Act of 1807-1808, coerced by the European measures 
so hostile to our shipping and commerce, caused complaints in Spain, 
especially as enforced against Florida. Erving successfully replied to 
Cevallos, the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs, that the United 
States could not discriminate in favor of Spain, nor show partiality to 
her, especially as Spain herself had issued decrees similar to those of 
Berlin and Milan, and had sustained the policy which necessitated our 
defensive and retaliatory measures. 

For a portion of this time the relation of Erving to the Spanish 
Government was one of peculiar delicacy and of much personal em- 
barrassment, and much of his intercourse was necessarily informal and 
unofficial. Chevalier Onis, the Spanish Representative in Washington, 
demanded to be received officially, — the recognition of the United 
States being very important to his struggling country, — but our Gov- 



22 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

eminent would not deviate from its deliberate purpose to avoid every 
act whatever which might have a tendency to afford to either of the 
belligerents even a pretext of complaint. While the possession of the 
sovereignty was in doubt, the President refused to recognize prema- 
turely either claimant, Ferdinand or Joseph. Mr. Erving exercised 
most scrupulous caution not to commit himself or his Government, 
and at the same time the utmost tact and diligence in watching for 
and guarding the interests of American commerce and citizens. 

Early in February, 1810, the French occupied points around Cadiz 
and besieged the neighboring Isle de Leon, which was at that time the 
seat of Government. A pacific proposition from Joseph, then at Se- 
ville, to the city of Cadiz was indignantly rejected, and he was bluntly 
informed that Cadiz acknowledged no king but Ferdiuand. The Su- 
preme Junta, having to disperse, appointed a Council of Regency of five 
members. It is characteristic of Spanish character to hold on in an 
unequal contest. Defeats and disasters do not subdue. When all 
seems lost, a display of superhuman courage and the employment of 
means apparently the most inadequate revive hopes and expel or 
cripple invaders. In one of his despatches to Secretary Robert Smith, 
written in 1809, Erving bears testimony to what he had observed. 
Speaking of the Supreme Junta and of the obstinacy of the contest, 
he refers to their unquestioned patriotism, indefatigable zeal, undaunted 
firmness in the midst of most pressing dangers, individual disinter- 
estedness, vast labors under difficult circumstances, struggling without 
despair of the public cause against the disadvantages of its own feeble 
texture, the impossibility of bringing into operation interior resources 
of the country, insufficiency of those from abroad, vigor of the enemy 
without, activity of intrigue and treason within, the disorganization and 
dispersion of armies, the total defection of allies on one side and the 
total subjugation on the other. 

While this contest was waging and all Spain seemed to be occupied 
by hostile forces and there was a time " of terror and confusion," Mr. 
Erving, writing from an American vessel in the harbor of Cadiz, said 
the Government would probably excuse his retiring from his post. 
The Secretary of State, Nov. 1, 1809, had written, " Whether the 
interest or the honor of the United States may require you to remain 
or to withdraw, is a question to be submitted to your sound discretion, 
to be exercised according to circumstances," after the despatches of 
Onis should reach the Supreme Junta. That his departure might not 
be considered " abrupt, precipitate, or clandestine," Mr. Erving spoke 
on the streets of Cadiz and to prominent persons of his intention ; and 
that he might profit by any reverse in the current of affairs he went 
on board an English ship and sailed to Gibraltar. The Spanish and 
English being driven from their stronghold and the Government of 



1889.] GEORGE W. ERVING. 23 

the Regency having been removed to Cadiz, Mr. Erving felt there was 
no sufficient reason for remaining longer, and so he returned to Amer- 
ica by way of Loudon, reaching New York on August 1, 1810. 

Wellington's victory at Salamanca, in 1812, drove Soult out of Se- 
ville and Joseph out of Madrid, and on August 14 Madrid surrendered 
to the Iron Duke. 

The Government did not permit Erving to enjoy his leisure very 
long. Needing his diplomatic experience and ability, the President, 
on Jan. 5, 1812, appointed hiin a special Minister to Copenhagen, 
charged with the subject of spoliations committed under the Danish flag 
on the commerce of the United States. Having had his audience on 
June 5, he entered at once, on the 6th, 7th, and 8th, in medias res, asking 
a settlement of pending questions, and on the 23d he reports that since 
his arrival the depredations of the Danish privateers had been discon- 
tinued. During his residence he was active in the protection of Amer- 
ican commerce and in securing the release of captured vessels. The 
Napoleonic wars unsettled all public law and apparently legalized all 
violations of neutral rights. In a despatch of Feb. 12, 1813, Erving 
reports with grave satisfaction, " I hope to make it evident that our 
Government has afforded as effectual and complete protection to com- 
merce during the last year, as it is possible for neutral commerce in 
these times to receive." He took leave May 12, 1813, having success- 
fully finished within eleven months the business for which he was 
sent. 

In 1814 the French under the combined assaults of Spain and Eng- 
land had suffered such reverses that Ferdinand was able to return to 
his native country and begin his tyrannical reign. Six j'ears of suf- 
fering and losses caused by the war covering the whole area of the Pe- 
ninsula were not easy to repair. Exile and other misfortunes ought to 
have taught some lessons of wisdom, but Ferdinand was an accentuated 
Bourbon and utterly unteachable. Moderate measures initiated the re- 
turn, but the ill-fitting mask was soon discarded and the true character 
of the despot was made manifest. The arrest and imprisonment of many 
men of prominence consolidated the authority and power of the King. 
The potent influence of the clergy was invoked in his behalf, and 
readily obtained. The Constitution of 1812 was trampled under foot. 
Freedom of the press was abolished. 

Anthony Morris, of Pennsylvania, a worthy citizen who had been 
President of the State Senate, having been empowered as Special 
Agent in Madrid to make and receive informal communications, had 
an interview with the Minister for Foreign Affairs in reference to the 
landing of British troops in Florida, thus violating the neutrality of 
Spain and giving practical aid to our enemy during war. He was 
treated, according to his own statement, with " cold contempt." 



24 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

The President, learning during the recess of the Senate that the 
Government of Spain was re-established and that Ferdinand was 
seated on the throne with the consent of the nation, and ever anxious 
to promote a good understanding between the two countries, immedi- 
ately decided on sending a full Minister to Spain. He made choice of 
Erving, who, after voluntarily closing his mission in Copenhagen, was 
travelling in the south of Europe, and on August 11, 1814, commis- 
sioned him as Minister Plenipotentiary to a country where he had served 
so faithfully and honorably. This was a just recognition of skill, fidel- 
ity, and ability. The original letter, yellow and dingy, written partly 
in cipher, signed " J. Monroe," Secretary of State, enclosing the com- 
mission, is still preserved in the archives of the Legation at Madrid. 

Such were the irritations growing out of the past, that the passports 
asked for were refused, and it was near two years before Erving was 
received. During the interval Mr. Erving wrote, on March 16, 1815, 
that Anthony Morris, on the refusal of the Spanish Government to re- 
ceive the regularly accredited minister, had flattered himself that he 
could be promoted to the post, and so was privy to personal objections to 
Erving, based on his intimacy and negotiations with the King of Naples 
— Achille Murat ^- when he was lieutenant of Napoleon at Madrid. 
As afterwards became manifest, the nomination was specially accept- 
able to Ferdinand, because when Erving was Charge he adhered to 
the popular cause (which was Ferdinand's) during the French invasion 
under Napoleon. 

The Spanish Minister at Washington, Senor Luis de Onis, had so 
offended our Government by his " intrigues and turbulence " that all 
official communication with him had ceased. In 1811 President Madi- 
son transmitted to the Senate and House an intercepted letter of Onis, 
in which he spoke " of the servile meanness and adulation of the Ad- 
ministration in relation to their oracle, Bonaparte," and of the little hope 
of obtaining anything favorable " but by energy, by force, and by chas- 
tisement." Subsequent events had not mollified the unpleasantness, 
rather aggravated it, and it was unnecessary for Erving to proceed to 
his post. In fact, the refusal of the application for safe conduct was tan- 
tamount to a rejection. On Jan. 17, 1815, the Secretary of State, in a 
direct communication to Cevallos, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, in- 
formed him of the desire of the United States to reopen the diplomatic 
relations which had been suspended during the struggle for the Spanish 
Monarchy. The territory of Spain being then in the possession of 
nearly equal contending armies, victory sometimes favoring each and the 
ultimate issue altogether precarious, the United States could not under- 
take to decide and refused to interfere between the competitors or 
make itself a party to the disputes respecting the Spanish Monarchy. 
The situation was now different ; and serious as were the objections to 



1889.] GEORGE W. EKVLNG. 25 

Onis, " not bred in doctrines of political purity, and scarcely capable of 
believing in the total absence of those corrupt practices so familiar to 
him," the President had notwithstanding received informal communi- 
cations from him. It being understood that Ferdinand desired that 
Onis should be received, the Government was willing, as an act of 
courtesy to his Government, to forego its objections and acknowledge 
him as the Spanish Minister. As Mr. Erving had been practically re- 
jected, explanations of the condition of affairs and of the mind of the 
President could not be made ; but now the President hoped that Mr. 
Erving would be received and mutual diplomatic intercourse be restored. 
To this request Anthony Morris was authorized by the Spanish Gov- 
ernment to reply that there never had been any personal objection to 
Mr. Erving, and passports would be regularly issued to him. 

Mr. Erving, knowing that he would not be received until Onis was, 
had returned to America, and on March 11, 1816, the Secretary of 
State wrote, " You will set out in discharge of the duties of your mission 
to Spaiu as soon after the receipt of this letter as circumstances will 
permit." The restoration of intercourse furnished, it was thought, a 
favorable opportunity for the settlement of every difference with that 
power. The former grievances remained unsettled, and because of the 
strained relations of the long European conflict new ones had been 
added. The spoliations on American commerce, the injuries which 
grew out of the suppression of the right of deposit at New Orleans, 
the settlement on just principles of the boundaries of Louisiana, and the 
acquisition of Florida, were the important matters intrusted to the new 
Envoy. On his arrival in Madrid an audience was not promptly given 
as he had been led to expect, and this drew from him an earnest and 
dignified letter of remonstrance which secured his reception. 

In August, 1818, the Spanish Government suspended all negotiations 
with our Minister, in consequence of General Jackson's military opera- 
tions in Florida, and severe charges were made against the American 
Government. It was not until the next year that Erving was able to 
place before the Spanish Minister the full text of a despatch of John 
Quincy Adams sustaining General Jackson and casting the entire blame 
on Spain. While many occasions have arisen in our history for the 
vindication of the country from aspersions and for the assertion of the 
great principles of international law as applicable to a Republic, it may 
well be doubted whether the archives of the State Department contain 
a document more lucid in its statement of facts, more overwhelming in 
logic, more exalted in its principles, or breathing a loftier and more de- 
fiant tone of manly, indignant, large-souled patriotism, than this letter 
of Mr. Adams. 

During Mr. Erving's ministry occurred that singular but profitable 
episode in our national life, known as the Algerine War. The Barbary 



26 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

States in North Africa for many years pursued a system of brigandage 
and semi-piracy, and were regular freebooters on the sea. Singularly, 
the riparian States of the Mediterranean and other European nations, 
from having as much on their hands as they could well manage, yielded 
to these insults and exactions. Treaties even were negotiated recogniz- 
ing the right to tribute money. 1 One was concluded in 1795 with the 
United States, and in the course of years the demands of the Algerine 
Government became so impudent and unreasonable that it was necessary 
to resist them. Vessels of the United States were detained for the 
payment of about $21,600, due annually in naval stores under the 
treaty, and for certain other sums resting on usage, as $20,000 on 
presentation of a Consul, $17,000 of biennial presents to the officers 
of the Government, and some incidental and contingent presents for 
various other things. The Dey of Algiers, grown insolent by his suc- 
cessful levies of blackmail, committed outrages on American and other 
consuls, seized vessels as prizes, and condemned captives to slavery. 
In 1315, " the moment we had brought to an honorable conclusion our 
war with a nation the most powerful in Europe on the seas," a squad- 
ron, under command of Commodore Decatur, was detached from our 
naval force, and sent to the Mediterranean to take satisfaction for the 
wrongs which Algiers had done to us. The Commodore sought, found, 
and attacked the Algerine fleet and made prize of two ships, one of 
them the principal ship commanded by the Admiral. This brilliant 
victory forced a treaty of peace, concluded by Decatur and Shaler, the 
American Consul-General at Algiers, on the one side, and the Dey of 
Algiers on the other. In this treaty all pretensions to tribute, under 
any name or form, were relinquished. The gallant Commodore required 
the negotiations to be conducted on board the American fleet, and 
refused to suspend hostilities even while the negotiations were pending. 
To a petition for a truce of three hours to deliberate on the terms the 
laconic response was, " Not a minute." In three hours, although the 
distance from the vessel to the shore was five miles, the treaty was re- 
turned signed, and the same boat brought the liberated prisoners. A 
happy instance, worthy of imitation, of relaxation of the Moorish habit 
of procrastination ! 

In 1816 the Dey, under the flimsy pretext that the stipulations of 
the treaty had not been complied with, addressed a letter to Mr. Madi- 

1 On Feb. 5, 1802, Mr. Erving writes privately from London to Mr. Madison •. 
" Mr. King, I presume, has informed you that the present of jewels, &c, has been 
sent to the Bey of Tunis ; the guns and pistols are preparing, the stocks studded 
, with diamonds according to his direction. Knowing that this is the last tribute he 
will receive, I may venture to say I was never more mortified than when by Mr. 
King's desire I went to see these presents put up and despatched, or felt greater 
contempt for that miserable acquiescence in European policy which first induced 
us to pay these robbers." 



1889.] GEOEGB "W. EEVING. 27 

son, declaring the treaty annulled and presenting the alternative of war 
or the revival of the former treaty with its annual tribute. The Depart- 
ment found the Arabic missive a puzzle, and much time elapsed before 
a translation could be obtained. It was finally put into English, and a 
copy of it and the reply were forwarded to the Legation at Madrid. 
I am not violating instructions as to secrecy of archives by inserting 
as a diplomatic curiosity a copy of the letter, which I discovered iu a 
mass of unbound and unclassified letters : — 

TRANSLATION. 

With the aid and assistance of Divinity and in the reign of our Sover- 
eign, the Asylum of the World, powerful and Great Monarch, transactor 
of all good actions, the best of men, the shadow of God, Director of the 
good order, King of Kings, Supreme Ruler of the World, Emperor of the 
Earth, Emulator of Alexander the Great, possessor ot great forces, sov- 
ereign of the two Worlds and of the Seas, King of Arabia and Persia, 
Emperor, Son of an Emperor and Conqueror, Mahiuood han (may God end 
his life with prosperity and his reign be everlasting and glorious) His hum- 
ble and obedient Servant actual Sovereign, Governor and Chief of Algiers, 
submitted forever to the orders of his Imperial Majesty's Noble Throne, 
Omer Pasha (may his government be happy and prosperous). 

To His Majesty the Emperor of America, its adjacent and depending 
provinces and Coasts, and wherever his government may extend, our noble 
friend, the support of Kings of the Nations of Jesus, the Pillar of all Chris- 
tian Sovereigns, the most glorious amongst the Princes, elected amongst 
many Lords and Nobles, the happy, the great, the amiable, James Madi- 
son Emperor of America (may his reign be happy and glorious, and his 
life long and prosperous) wishing him long possession of the Seat of his 
blessed Throne, and long life and health, Amen. Hoping that your health 
is in good state I inform you that mine is excellent (thanks to the Supreme 
Being) constantly addressing my humble prayers to the Almighty for your 
felicity. 

After many years have elapsed, you have at last sent a Squadron Com- 
manded by Admiral Decatur (your most humble servant) for the purpose 
of treating of peace with us ; I received the letter of which he was the 
bearer and understood its contents ; the enmity which existed between us 
having been extinguished, you desired to make peace as Prance and Eng- 
land have done. Immediately after the arrival of your Squadron in our 
harbour I sent my answer to your Servant the Admiral through the medium 
of the Swedish Consul, whose proposals I was disposed to agree to on con- 
dition that our frigate and Sloop of War, taken by you, should be restored 
to us and brought back to Algiers; on these same Conditions we would 
sign peace according to your wishes and request: our answer having thus 
been explained to your Servant the Admiral by the Swedish Consul he 
agreed to treat with us on the above mentioned conditions; but having 
afterwards insisted upon the restitution of all American Citizens as well as 
upon a certain sum of money for several Merchant Vessels made prizes by 
us and of every other object belonging to the Americans, We did not hesi- 



28 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

tate a moment to comply with his wishes and in consequence of which we 
have restored to the said Admiral (your Servant) all that he demanded 
from us ; in the meantime the said Admiral having given his word to send 
back our two Ships of War and not having performed his promise, he has 
thus violated the faithful articles of peace which were signed between us, 
and by so doing a new treaty must be made. 

I inform you therefore that a Treaty of peace having been signed 
between America and us during the reign of Hassan Pasha twenty years 
past I propose to renew the said Treaty on the same basis specified in it 
and if you agree to it our friendship will be solid and lasting. 

I intended to be on the highest terms of amity with our friends the 
Americans than ever before, being the first Nation with which I made 
peace, but as they have not been able to put into execution our present 
Treaty, it appears necessary for us to treat on the above mentioned condi- 
tions. We hope with the assistance of God that you will answer this our 
letter immediately after you shall have a perfect knowledge of its contents, 
if you agree (according to our request) to the conditions specified in the 
said Treaty, please to send us an early answer, if on the contrary you are 
not satisfied with my propositions, you will act against the sacred duty of 
men and against the laws of Nations, requesting only that you will have 
the goodness to remove your Consul as soon as possible, assuring you it will 
be very agreeable to us. 

These being our last words to you We pray God to keep you in his holy 
guard. 

Written in the year of Hegira 1231 the 20 day of the mouth Dyemaziel 
evvel — corresponding to a. d. 1816 April 24. 

Signed in our well guarded City of Algiers. 

Signed Omar Son of Moohammed 

Conqueror and Great. 1 



1 An analogous but inferior specimen of royal grandiloquence and titular 
display may be seen in the commission issued to Gardoqui in 1784. It begins 
thus : " Don Carlos by the grace of God King of Castile, of Leon, of Arragon, 
of the two Sicilies, of Jerusalem, of Navarre, of Granada, of Toledo, of Valencia, 
of Galicia, of Majorca, of Seville, of Sardinia, of Cordova, of Corsica, of Murcia, 
of Jaen, of the East and West Indies Islands and Terra Firma, of the Ocean sea, 
Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, of Brabant and Milan, Count of Aps- 
burg, of Flanders, Tirol and Barcelona, Lord of Biscay, of Molina, &c." 

One of the complaints of the Dey was that the bounty was paid in money 
instead of certain naval stores, etc., of which he was in need. English history 
furnishes us an example of a complaint exactly the reverse. When Catherine of 
Braganza, the Infanta of Portugal, was betrothed in 1662 to Charles II., her 
dowry, among other things, was to consist of the territory of Tangier and 
£. 500,000 sterling, ready money. The Earl of Sandwich was despatched with 
a fleet to take possession of Tangier and, on his return, to conduct the Queen to 
England. The Queen Mother, unable to pay more than one half of her daugh- 
ter's portion, pledged herself to pay the residue within the year. The Ambas- 
sador, reluctantly consenting to receive the moiety, was soon confounded and 
mortified by the discovery that the sum, instead of being paid in ready money, 
was delivered in the form of bags of sugar, spices, and other merchandise. 



1889.] GEORGE W. ERVING. 29 

The President to this gasconade replied in a dignified manner, saying 
that the United States preferred war to tribute, and demanding the 
observance of the late treaty which inhibited tribute and the enslave- 
ment of captives. " The United States, while they wish for war with 
no nation, will buy peace of none. It is a principle incorporated into 
the settled policy of America, that as peace is better than war, war is 
better than tribute." Decatur, " generous and brave," had promised, 
not as a stipulation of the treaty, but as " a compliment and a favor " 
to the Dey, to restore to Algerine officers the captured vessels " as 
they were," and to furnish an escort ; and he fulfilled his pledge by 
putting the vessel in the possession of an Algerine officer at Cartha- 
gena. The frigate arrived at an early day at Algiers ; but the Spanish 
Government alleged that the capture of the brig had taken place so 
near the Spanish shore as to be an unlawful prize, and detained it at 
Carthagena. The Dey pretended and insisted that the restoration 
was an essential part of the treaty. The Commodore, blunt and 
honest and just as he was brave, flatly contradicted the Dey. The 
Spanish Government, which might easily have prevented any disagree- 
ment, finally set at liberty the vessel, " as an act of comity to the 
United States," and, as Onis said, without any equivalent from Algiers 
and with a view to prevent any misunderstanding. Some controversy 
arose between Spain and the United States, in which Erving represented 
his Government with his usual energy, tact, and intelligence. The 
Instructions, May 30, 1816, explicit and full, required him to use his 
best endeavors for a satisfactory accommodation of the affair. The 
Dey said he received the brig from Spain for a consideration, and 
demanded in consequence indemnity equal to her value and the ransom 
of the crew. This claim was " too unjust and absurd to admit of any 
discussion ; " and Instructions were accordingly issued to Commodore 
Chauncey " to protect our commerce from Algerine piracy," and to 
act in reference to such a state of things as the recommencement of 
hostilities by the Dey might create. 

From the beginning until the close of Mr. Erving's ministry in 
Spain, he never lost sight of his original Instructions. With an in- 
finity of smaller and more harassing matters pressing upon him, he 
nevertheless kept his eye steadily on the graver questions which he 
knew his Government to have most at heart. By all the means, per- 
sonal and official, which a Representative can properly use, by culti- 
vating pleasant social relations with members of the royal family, 
the various Governments and influential Spaniards, by a thorough 
acquaintance with the principles of international law and whatever of 
history or fact might bear on the subjects pending, by exhibition of 
sympathy with Spain in her heroic struggle for independence, by 
patience and cheerfulness and perseverance which no one can compre- 



30 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

hend who has not had to deal with the pride, the obstinacy, the perverse 
and worrying procrastinatiou of a Spanish Government, he pursued 
the tenor of his way for fifteen years, until at last the great work was 
consummated and Florida became an integral portion of the American 
Union. From 1802 until 1818 a Convention for the adjustment of 
Claims was unratified by Spain, and when finally accepted Mr. Erving 
was quick to construe it as preliminary to a like adjustment of other 
claims, and as laying a foundation for an amicable and early settlement 
of the territorial questions then under discussion. In the April number, 
1888, of the " Magazine of American History," I have given a some- 
what minute detail of the negotiations connected with the acquisition 
of Florida, — a national event whose importance cannot be overesti- 
mated, — and I need not here repeat the narrative. John Quincy 
Adams, in announcing John Forsyth as his successor, wrote to Mr. 
Erving : " Accept my congratulations upon the termination of a 
negotiation ... in which you have taken so distinguished a part." 
Dr. Francis Wharton says, in his " Digest of International Law " : 
" I ought to say that an examination of his (Erving's) communica- 
tions to this Government during his mission to Spain has impressed 
me with a conviction that to his sagacity and good sense our settlement 
with Spain in 1822 was largely due." The verdict of the impartial in- 
vestigator must be that the nation owes to none of her citizens a debt 
of gratitude larger and truer, for this increase of her territory and 
peaceable settlement of an irritating question, than to George William 
Erving. 

The health of Mr. Erving had been impaired by the treacherous cli- 
mate of Madrid and the laboriousness of bis duties. Long absence 
from home m>de attention to his private affairs a necessity. He there- 
fore submitted repeated requests to have a successor appointed and to 
be allowed to return. On Nov. 28, 1818, John Q. Adams wrote: 
" The President has determined to nominate a successor to your Mission, 
and has directed me to authorize you, as soon after the receipt of this 
letter as you shall judge expedient, with reference to the publick inter- 
est and as may suit your convenience, to take leave of the Court of 
Spain. . . . The critical state of our relations with Spain during the 
whole of the past year aud the reluctance which the President could 
not but feel at permitting your faithful and valuable services to be 
withdrawn from the public affairs, has hitherto delayed his compli- 
ance with your desire. He directs me to assure you that the vigilance, 
firmness, zeal, and assiduity with which you have conducted the affairs 
of the Mission have given him entire satisfaction and enhance his 
regret at the necessity under which you have found yourself of retiring 
from the public service." Mr. Erving took leave on April 29, 1819. 



1889.] GEOKGE W. ERVING. 31 

It would not be in accordance with strict historical accuracy to allow 
this narration of Mr. Erving's resignation and of his connection with the 
acquisition of Florida to close here. In a letter written from Paris, 
Jan. 6, 1845, he says he "returned from Spain in a state of great 
irritation and mortification, not, as Mr. Adams has supposed, because 
the negotiation had been removed to Washington, but because in the 
course of it I had been treated with indignity ; because that when, 
under the full persuasion that I could obtain the Colorado (with desert) 
as limit, I asked for full powers, I was told that my powers were suffi- 
cient, as though powers to negotiate were powers to sign a treaty ; 
because I was instructed to go on negotiating for a limit west of the 
Sabine under the reinfqrced assurance that the Rio Bravo was the 
rightful boundary of Louisiana, whilst it had been predetermined by 
President Monroe to cede all the territory in dispute, even to the 
Sabine ; because, though I had repeatedly informed the Government 
of all that related to the ' royal grants,' the treaty had been so made as 
not to exclude all those grants : these were my griefs, added to that 
total inattention of the Secretary to my repeated application for leave 
of absence, which forced my resignation. On all these matters I com- 
plained bitterly to the President, and supported my complaints by a 
syllabus of the correspondence carefully extracted from the records in 
the Department of State." 

In 1844 the annexation of Texas was the pivotal issue of the " Pres- 
idential campaign," and provoked much excited discussion. General 
Jackson, having been furnished with a copy of Mr. Erving's syllabus, 
enforced by " verbal revelations," charged that the United States had 
lost important territory, when it was at its option to retain it, by taking 
the negotiation out of Mr. Erving's hands and transferring it to Wash- 
ington. This greatly provoked John Quincy Adams, who, as Secretary 
of State, had concluded the negotiation on the part of our Government; 
In an address, made in Tremont Temple to the young men of Boston 
(which I heard, being at that time a student in Dane Law School), 
Mr. Adams made an acrimonious reply and defence of himself, going so 
far as to assail the character of Mr. Erving's deceased father. Mr. 
Adams sought, producing and reading from his diary, to vindicate him- 
self from the reproach of having inopportunely transferred the negotia- 
tion from Madrid to Washington, and charged Erving with having 
transcended his " powers and instructions," which " authorized him to 
accept of the Sabine as our ultimatum." He also affirmed that " the 
Spanish Government never did offer a line one inch to the westward of 
the Sabine." 

This is not the occasion tanlas componere liles, and into the merits of 
the controversy I shall not enter. It is due to Mr. Erving to state 
that he published two able letters, Nov. 12, 1844, and Jan. 6, 1845, 



32 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

in which he conceded that the first transference of negotiations he 
advised because he found it impossible to advance one step in nego- 
tiation with Cevallos, " that most impracticable, inefficient, inapt, and 
indolent of all ministers." After the dismissal of Cevallos and the 
appointment of Pizarro, of which Mr. Adams was notified, the negotia- 
tion was renewed at Madrid and subsequently transferred to Washing- 
ton. This re-transference was with Erving's consent, as explained in 
his despatches, because mainly of restriction upon his powers and 
" mystification " in the correspondence. It was not the transfer of the 
negotiations which ired him, or with which Mr. Adams was reproached, 
but that "he closed the negotiations at Washington on less favorable 
terms than might have been obtained at Madrid had he ordered the 
continuation of negotiations there." Mr. Erving insisted that he was 
prevented from making a better treaty by keeping from his hands the 
means of making it. He had contended for " the line of the Colorado " 
instead of the Sabine, as the " Rio Bravo del Norte had always been 
deemed by our Government to be the proper limit of Louisiana," and 
his confidence of success was based on " the disposition of the Spanish 
Government, under the influence of Pizarro, most favorable to the 
adjustment of the boundary question." It was on " an intimate ac- 
quaintance with the character of Pizarro, his conciliatory disposition, 
his frankness, and good faith," that Erving founded and adhered to the 
opinion that the limit of the Colorado might have been agreed to and 
ought to have been insisted upon. 

Mr. Erving was afterwards appointed to Constantinople, but declined 
to accept, as the Mission was of an inferior grade to what he had held 
in Denmark and in Spain. 

Erving was a graduate of Oxford, and a man of scholarly tastes and 
acquirements. His despatches are models of elegant composition, show- 
ing the thoroughly trained mind and large and accurate information. 
Some of them, if published, would be valuable contributions to history. 
Before the days of railways, steamboats, and telegraphs, and the mod- 
ern newspaper, it was the habit of diplomats to write full despatches, 
in which were minute accounts of military movements, of political 
changes, of social customs, of personal adventure, and even of court 
scandals. Mr. Erving was in the Peninsula at a most interesting 
period, and his descriptions of campaigns and estimates of men show 
the scholarly and industrious observer. 

Mr. Winthrop gives this testimony from President Madison : " I 
never had a more capable and faithful Minister than Mr. Erving, nor 
one for whom I had a greater regard." 

Mr. Erving was not a warrior, nor an orator (although ambassadors 
were originally called orators), nor a popular author (although he wrote 
a learned and useful book on the Basque Language, the Sphinx of 



1889.] WILL OP WILLIAM MTTLLINS. 33 

Philologists), nor a statesman in the more limited sense of being a leg- 
islator or Cabinet officer, framing laws and moulding the internal policy 
of a government ; and yet he was a sagacious statesman in securing an 
indispensable territorial possession which under a foreign flag would 
have been a perpetual irritant. The business of diplomacy is to secure 
peace, settle or lessen differences, and prevent hostilities. The acqui- 
sition of Florida, although the negotiation was protracted, irritating, 
patience-trying, and although the two countries were often on the nar- 
row edge of war, was at last made without a drop of human blood. How 
much better than the hurried acquisition of Texas at the cost of a bloody 
war and a continuous feud between neighboring republics ! Florida, as 
she prefers free government to subordination to a foreign monarchy, as 
she values her co-equality in a Union of States, ought to link the name 
of Ekving to her histcfry by calling after him a City or County or 
Institution of learning. 

J. L. M. Cckrt. 

July, 1889. 

Judge Chamberlain alluded to the large amount of his- 
torical work which had been done by Professor Johnston. 

Mr. James B. Thayer, Professor of Law, at Cambridge, was 
elected a Resident Member of the Society. 

Dr. Dexter then read the following statement : — 

In the third number of the first volume of " Genealogical 
Gleanings in England," from the pen of Mr. Henry F. Wa- 
ters, A.M., and published by the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, on pages 254, 255, of its " Register " for 
1889 is given what purports to be a copy of the nuncupative 
will of William Mullins of the " Mayflower " Company, from 
the London Probate Records. It is prefaced by the date of 
2 (12) April, 1621 ; which was forty days after Mr. Mullins's 
death, as given by Prince, 1 and three days before — by the 
same authority — the "Mayflower" started on her return 
voyage. By this will, of a special sum of £40, in the hands 
of Goodman Woods, Mr. Mullins gave £10 to his wife, £10 
to his son Joseph, £10 to his daughter Priscilla, and £10 to 
his eldest son William, Jr. He further gave to William, Jr., 
all his debts, bonds, and bills, — the above £40 excepted, — 
" with all the stock in his owne hands." He gave his eldest 
daughter Sarah, who appears in the probate of the will as 

1 New England Chronology, pt. i. p. 98. 
6 " 



34 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

Sarah Blunden, 10s. out of his son's stock. Of the goods 
which he has " in Virginia " (i. e., New England) he gives to 
wife Alice one half, and to son Joseph and daughter Priscilla 
one quarter each. He has twenty-one dozen of shoes and 
thirteen pairs of boots, which he will put into the Company's 
hands for .£40, at seven years' end, if they like ; if that be too 
dear, the overseers (executors) of his will may arrange it as 
they think good. Should the Company take them at that 
rate, he will have nine shares at the dividend, — of which he 
gives two to wife Alice, two each to sons William and Joseph 
and daughter Priscilla, and one to the Company. If his son 
William, Jr., will come to Virginia, he gives him his share of 
land. Furthermore he gives to the two overseers — Mr. John 
Carver and Mr. Williamson — 20a. apiece to see his will per- 
formed, desiring them to have a kind care of his wife and 
children, and be as fathers and friends to them, and also to 
have a special eye to his man Robert (Carter) in whom he has 
been disappointed. 

This is attested as a copy of Mr. Mullins's will " of all 
particulars he hathe given," by John Carver, Giles Heale, and 
Christopher Joanes. 

From the " Probate Act Book for 1621 and 1622," it fur- 
ther appears that on the 23d July (2d August) follow- 
ing, the will was probated in London, by Sarah Blunden, 
the legitimate daughter of William Mullins, who is further 
described as " nup de Dorking, in Com Surf." 

The following suggestions are offered in view of these 
facts : — 

1. The theory that William Mullins (or Molines) of the 
" Mayflower " Company, was a Walloon who joined Robin- 
son's company in Holland, is disproved. Dr. Charles W. 
Baird, in his " History of the Huguenot Emigration to Amer- 
ica," 1 asserts that he was such. But the name does not ap- 
pear on the Leyden Records, and the fact that Mullins had 
lived in England and in Dorking, Surrey, long enough to ac- 
quire some estate there, seems conclusive against it. 

2. The assertion of Nathaniel Morton, 2 that Mr. Mullins 
(" a man pious and well-deserving ") was " endowed also 
with a considerable outward Estate," seems to be abundantly 
confirmed. 

i Vol. i. p. 158 (1885). 2 New England's Memoriall, p. 22. 



1889.] WILL OP WILLIAM MTJLLINS. 35 

3. The appointment of the overseers is significant. The 
elder two of the children were in England ; it was expected 
that the widow, the younger two children, and the somewhat 
wayward servant would need to be cared for in this country ; 
while part of the estate seems to have been there, and part 
here. Therefore John Carver was chosen to administer af- 
fairs on this side of the sea, and it looks as if his associate 
" Mr. Williamson " were selected to do like service in Eng- 
land. Mourt's " Relation " (p. 36) states that when, 22 March 
(1 April), 1621, which was a fortnight before the " May- 
flower " sailed for home, Massasoit and his brother first visited 
the colonists, " Captain Standish and Master Williamson met 
the king at the brooke, with halfe a dozen Musketiers ; " and 
as no man of that name appears upon the list of the Company, 
or was known otherwise to be on the ground, it has been al- 
ways supposed that, among the many obvious carelessnesses of 
the unwatched press of John Bellamie, this name had gotten 
itself misprinted for that of Allerton, or some other of about 
the right length. The occurrence of the name here again, 
however, raises the question whether a man named William- 
son were not present with the forlorn colonists, and present in 
a condition and under circumstances to make his being joined 
with Governor Carver as an executor of this will eminently 
probable. I think this question should be answered in the 
affirmative, but will return to the point after one or two other 
suggestions. 

4. The three witnesses of the will were John Carver, Giles 
Heale, and Christopher Joanes. Joanes was unquestionably 
the captain of the " Mayflower." Bradford simply calls him 
(p. 68) " Mr. loans." Morton also (pp. 11, 12) calls him " Mr. 
Iones." Mourt's " Relation " (p. 4) calls him " Master Iones." 
Prince (p. 70) copies them. The Rev. Edward D. Neill, in an 
article in July, 1874, of the " Genealogical Register," 1 assum- 
ing that he was identical with the Jones who was Captain of 
the " Lion " in 1617, and of the " Discovery " in 1622, de- 
clares that his first name was " Thomas." But a careful read- 
ing of this article shows that Mr. Neill is mistaken in the 
claim that he has presented any proof of the identity of the 
men. Producing no evidence whatever, he says " without 
doubt " they were the same. But the fact that when Jones 

1 Vol. xxTiii. p. 314. 



36 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

with the " Discovery " visited Plymouth in 1622, Bradford 
simply (p. 127) says, " a ship comes into y e harbor, one Cap- 
tain Jons being cheefe therin," without hint or suggestion 
that he was their old acquaintance of the "Mayflower," is, to 
my mind, conclusive that the captain of the " Discovery " was 
another Jones. At all events, there was some Christopher 
Joanes in Plymouth on Monday, 2 (12) April, 1621, who was 
wanted in London to be a witness at the probate of this Mul- 
lins will ; and who could he have been if he were not the 
captain of the " Mayflower," about to sail three days later 
for London? 

One name remains: Giles Heale. Who was he? On the fly- 
leaf of a copy of Henry Ainsworth's " Psalms in Metre," of 
the edition of 1618, which I own (used in their service of song 
in the House of the Lord by the church in Salem for forty 
years, and by the church in Plymouth for seventy), some 
former owner has (as I am very apt myself to do) pasted a 
clipping from some antiquarian bookseller's catalogue, offer- 
ing (for £2 12a. 6cZ.) a copy of the same volume. The book- 
seller adds : " This is an interesting volume to the American 
collector, for its first fly-leaf has the following inscription : 

" ' This booke was given unto M.'. Giles Heale, Chirurgion, by Marke 
Allerton, Tailor in Virginia, the X. of February, in the year of our 
Lord 1620 : Da. Williams.' " 

Virginia was (then) New Plymouth. The " X. of February 
in the year of our Lord 1620 " was Saturday, fifty-one days 
before the date of the certification of the copying of this will. 
" Marke Allerton " is simply the misreading, by the bookseller, 
of the Imacke which was written on the fly-leaf; in which 
connection it is interesting to note that Isaac Allerton is set 
down in the Leyden Records as being then and there a tailor. 
Giles Heale was a chirurgeon, and I submit was the surgeon 
of the " Mayflower." A reference to the " Court Records of 
the East India Gompany" (p. 89) shows that in fitting out 
four ships in 1600, the " Scourge," of 600 tons, had four car- 
penters, four calkers, ten gunners, one steward and steward's 
mate, one cook and cook's mate, two surgeons and a barber ; 
the " Hector," of 300 tons, had three carpenters, three calkers, 
six gunners, and the same number of stewards, cooks, and sur- 
geons ; the " Assension," of 260 tons, and the " Susan," of 



1839.] ELDER BEEWSTEE'S LIBEAET. 37 

240 tons, had each two carpenters, two calkers, five gunners, 
and the same number of stewards, cooks, and surgeons as the 
larger ships. It seems fair to infer, then, that the " Mayflower," 
of 180 tons, by the same usage, would have been officered with 
at least one surgeon, and that Giles Heale was his name. 

To return now to " Mr. Williamson." You will have no- 
ticed that this inscription of presentation from Allerton to 
Heale seems to have been witnessed by "Da: Williams." I 
take leave to think that this was an abbreviated or misread 
chirography for Williamson; that the man's first name was 
David ; and that he was the factor, financial agent, or super- 
cargo of the " Mayflower." The East India Records to which 
I have just referred show (p. 100) one principal and three sub- 
ordinate factors in each ship, — whence it becomes easy to 
think that in this West Indian voyage at least some one re- 
spectable and thoroughly competent man of business would 
have accompanied the expedition to look after the interests of 
the Company, who were risking considerable property with a 
party of colonists whose obvious poverty made promise hold 
a much larger place than performance toward the immediate 
satisfaction of all claims upon them. Grant that Mr. David 
Williamson was such a man, and held such a post, and his 
presence with Captain Miles Standish in the interview with 
the Indian king becomes appropriate and natural, as does the 
fact that poor Mullins, knowing that Williamson on the return 
of the ship would take his will over to be probated in Lon- 
don, asked him to be its executor for the benefit of his two 
children in England, as Governor Carver was desired to look 
after the interests of his widow and the two younger children 
and servant here. 

Dr. Dextee also submitted the following communication : — 

Jillder Brewster's Library. 

I have ventured upon the difficult undertaking of interpreting those 
brief minutes of the Library of Elder William Brewster which are 
contained in the sworn inventory made, 18-28 May, 1644, by Gov. 
William Bradford, Assistant Thomas Prence, and the Rev. John Rey- 
ner, and recorded in the Plymouth Colony " Book of Wills," vol. i. pp. 
53-59. A literal transcript of that inventory was printed by Dr. Justin 
Winsor, in our Proceedings for March, 1887 ; and those who recall it 



38 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

will remember that in but a single instance does the title of a book 
occupy more than one line, and usually less than half a line, with the 
briefest and often the blindest possible suggestion of what the volume 
was. The fact, moreover, that this crude and casual mention of these 
hurrying inventorists became sometimes still more obscure through 
the imperfect comprehension and rude spelling of the scribe, and the 
copyist upon the Records, has added not a little to the task. 

I have succeeded beyond any expectation, or even hope, with which 
I commenced the labor ; and I venture to think that the result of my 
researches may be found worth attention, not merely through its direct 
interest as an important fact in an honored life, but for the indirect 
light which it casts upon the early literary history of New England. 

I, in each case, prefix, in ipsissimis verbis, the language of the inven- 
tory, with the price affixed, following this by my suggestion of what the 
book probably was, and, when known, adding where it may now be 
found. Where the date is bracketed or queried, it is because there is 
more than one edition which might have been had, with no means of 
determining which was had. Those marked thus (*) are in my own 
collection. B. M. is the British Museum. 

£ s. d. 

1-2. [2 little chatachismes] 0.0.4 

[probably] An Appendix to Mr. Perkins his 1606 ? 

Six Principles of the Christian Religion, by J. R. 

3. [1 Lambeth on the Will of man] 0.0.2 

Francois Lambert: The minde and judge- [1548] 

ment of maister F. Lambert of Avenna of the 
wyll of man, declarynge . . . howe ... it is 
captyve and bonde, and not free : taken out of 
hys commentaries upon Osee the Prophete . . . 
Newelye traslated into English by Nicholas] 
L[esse] etc. 8°. B. M. [4256. a.] 

4. [1 morrall discourse] 0.0.2 

[possibly] Owen Feltham : Resolves Divine, 1620 

Morall, Political. 12mo. B. M. [G. 10331.] 

5. [Discouery of Spanish Inquisition] . . . . 0.0.3 

Gonsalvius Montanus : A Discovery and 1568 

playne Declaration of Sundry subtill practises 
of the Holy Inquisition of Spayne . . . Set 
forth in Latine, by R. G. M. and newly trans- 
lated [by V. Skinner.] London, 4°. 

B. M. [4071. c] 

6. [Johnson on 18*5 Math.] 0.0.4 

Francis Johnson : A Short Treatise concern- 1611 

ing the Exposition of those Words of Christ, 



1889.J ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 39 

£ S. d. 
Tell the Church, etc. Matt, xviii : 17, etc. 
Amsterdam? 4°. B. M. [608. g. 41.]* 

7. [Remaynes of Brittaine] 0.1.0 

M. N. [i.e. W. Camden]: Remaines of a 1605 

greater Worke, Concerning Britaine, the inhabi- 
tants thereof, their Languages, Names, Sur- 
names, Empreses, Wise Speeches, poesies and 
Epitaphes. London, 4°. 

B.M. [674. b. 7.] 

8. [Description of New England] 0.0.4 

John Smith : A Description of New England : 1616 

or the observations, and discoveries, of Capt. J. 
Smith in the North of America in the year 
1614: with the successe of sixe ships, that went 
the next yeare 1615; and the accidents befell 
him among the French men of warre : etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [C. 13. a. 11. (2.)] 

9. [Nova Testamenti Malarato] 1.4.0 

Avg. Marloratus : Novi Testamenti Catholica 1605 

expositio ecclesiastica, ex probatis theologis ex- 
cerpta et diligenter concinnata, sive Bibliotheca 
Expositionum Nov. Test'- Geneva, fol. 

10. [Tromelius & Junius Biblia Sacra] . . . . 0.18.0 

Testamenti Veteris Biblia Sacra . , . recens 1580 

ex Hebraea facti, brevibusque Scholiis illustrati 
ab I. Tremellio et F. Junio, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [1409. h. 7.] 

11. [Beza noua testament, lat. & gre.] 1.0.0 

Jesv Christi D. N. Nouum testamentum, siue 1582 

Nouum foedus. Cuius Grseco contextui re- 
spondent interpretationes duae : vna, vetus : al- 
tera, noua. Theodori Beze, diligenter ab eo 
recognita, etc. Geneva, fol. 

12. [Centuria Selecta] 0.8.0 

?[G. Sohnius:] Centuria [Selecta] Episto- [1590] 

larum Theologicarum. [Heidelberg] etc. fol. 

13. [Calvin duodecim pphet] 0.15.0 

Ioannis Calvini Praelectiones in Dvodecim 1567 

Prophetas (quos vocant) Minores, etc. Genevae, 
fol. Prince Lib. [53.7.] 

14. [Clauis Scriptura flacio Ulirico] 0.15.0 

Flacius Illyricus : Clavis Scripturas s. sev de 1617 

sermone sacrarum literarum, etc. Basileae, fol. 
Prince Lib. [51.4.] 



40 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY, [Oct. 

£ s. d. 

15. [Peter Martyr Com. prior ad Corinthos] . . 0.8.0 

P. Martyr: In 1. Epistolam ad Corinthios 1567 

Commentarii doctissimi, etc. Tiguri, fol. 

16. [Musculus ad Isaiam & Romanos] 0.12.0 

Wolfgang Moesel : In Esaiam prophetam 1600 

commentarii locupletissimi : In Epistolam ad 
Romanos commentarii, nunc demum magno 
studio recogniti, cum indice. Basil, fol. 

17. [Regneri prandinl] 0.2.6 

?? [N. Reusneri symbolorum Imperatoriorum 1619 

Classis. London, 8°.] 

Prince Lib. [imperfect] [79. a. 4.] 

18. [CEcolumnadI in Ieremia] 0.3.0 

J. CEcolampadius : In Ieremiam prophetam li- 1558 

brum. Basil, fol. 

19. [Crisostm, Mattias & Ioannes] 0.6.0 

J. Chrysostom : Homilise in Mattheum, et in [1590] 

S. Iohannem Evangelistam, etc. [London] 

[8°0 

20. [Musculus Psalmos David] 0.12.0 

Wolfgang Moesel : In Davidis Psalterium 1573 

sacrosanctum Commentarii ; in quibus et reliqua 
Catholicae Religionis nostra capita passim, non 
praetermissis Orthodoxorum etiam Patrum sen- 
tentiis, ita tractantur, ut Christianus lector nihil 
desiderare amplius possit. Basil, fol. 

21. [Calvi at Daniel] 0.5.0 

J. Calvini: Prselectiones in Librum Prophetia- 1591 

rum Danielis. I. Budaei & C. Ionuillaei labore 
excerptae. Genevae, fol. Prince Lib. [53.12.] 

22. [Calvlonlsa] 0.15.0 

J. Calvini : Commentarii in Isaiam, opera N. 1583 

Gallasii. Geneva?, fol. Prince Lib. [53.6.] 

23. [Musculus ambos Epist ad Corinthos] . . . . 08 . 

Wolfgang Moessl : In Apostoli Pauli ambas 1600 

Epistolas ad Corinthios commentarii. Basil, 
fol. 

24. [Molleri ad Psalmos] 0.10.0 

Enarrationis Psalmorvm ex Praelectionibvs 1619 

H. Molleri, novissima editio. Genevae, fol. 
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25. [Lanaterus Esequeh] . 05 . 

L. Lavaterus : Ecclesiastes Salomonis, cum 1575 ? 

annotationibus, etc. Tiguri, 4°. 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 41 

£ $. d. 

26. [Zanchl ad Ephe] 0.06.0 

C. Zanchi: Commentarii in Epistolam ad 1613 
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27. [Syntagma amudo polo Syntagmatis Theologia 

Christian] 0.10.0 

Amandus Polanus : Syntagma Theologia 1615 

Christiana juxta leges ordinis methodici confor- 
matum, fol. Hanoviae. Prince Lib. [60.4.] 

28. [Sulteti Isaiam] . 05 . 

Abraham Scultetus : Annotate in Proph. 1614? 

Esaiam, etc. [Amsterdam], 4°. 

29. [Purei Hoseam] 0.01.0 

David Pareus: In Hoseam Prophetam Com- 1616 

mentarii prolegomena, etc. Heidelberg, 4°. 
Prince Lib. [43.4] 

30. [Gualterin Deluerin, nou. testa.] . 02 . 6 

Rodolph Gualther: Archetypi Homiliarum 1601 

in quatuor Evang, et Acta Apost, etc. Tiguri, 
fol. 

31. [Psalm Pagnii.] 0.02.6 

? S. Pagnini : Psalmi cum Commentario. 1614? 

Antwerp, fol. 

32. [Pareus in Genosa] . 08 . 6 

D. Pareus : In Genesin Mosis Commentarius, 1615 
etc. Frankfort, fol. [Mr. W? Brewster, Cam.] 

33. [Piscator in Nova Testament] 0.17.0 

J. Piscator: Commentarii in omnes Libros 1594? 

Novi Testamenti, quibus continentur : 1. Ana- 
lysis logica singulorum librorum et capita ; 
2. Scholia in singula capita; 3. Obseruationes 
locorum doctrinae e singulis capitibus. Lon- 
don, 8°. 

34. [Pareus ad Romanos] 0.05.0 

D. Pareus: Commentarius in Epistolam ad 1608 

Romanos. Francof, 4°. 

35. [Pareus ad Priorem Corinthis] . 04 . 

D. Pareus : Commentarius in Epistolam prio- 1616 ? 

rem ad Corinthios. Heidelberg, fol. 

36. [Caluin Eze. vigint prima] . 03 . 

J. Caluin: Praelectiones in Ezechielis pro- 1565? 

phetae viginti -capita priora. Geneva, 8°. 

37. [Tabula Analytice Stephano] 0.01.6 

Stephanuskis : Tabulae Analyticas, quibus ex- 1593 



42 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
emplar illud sanorum sermonum de fide, chari- 
tate, et patientia, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [3127. bb.] 

38. [Cartwright harma 4 EuangTJ . 05 . 

T. Cartwright: Harmonia Evangelica, per 1627 

analysin logicam, et metaphrasin historicam. 
Amsterodami, 4°. [Yale Coll. Lib. with auto.] 
Prince Lib. [47.11.] 

39. [Pascillia Hemnigm] 0.01.0 

Nicolaus Hemmingius : Postilla Evangeliorum 1569 ? 

in diebus Dominicis & Festis Sanctorum. Haff- 
nias, 8°. 

40. [De Vera Ies. Chr. Religione] 0.01.0 

? P. Dvplessis-Mornay : De veritate Reli- 1 602 

gionis Christianae liber, etc. Herbornse Nasso- 
viorum, 8°. Prince Lib. [67.5.] 

41. [Erasmus in Marcin] 0.01.6 

? D. Erasmus : Moriae Encomium, etc. Arger.t. 1511 

42. [Parkerius politica Eccle] 0.05.0 

R.Parker: De Politeia Ecclesiastica Christi, 1616 

et Hierarchica opposita. Libri tres, etc. Fran- 
cofurti, 4°. * 

43. [Piscator in Genesn] 0.02.0 

Jo. Piscator: Commentarius in Lib. Genesin, 1596? 

etc. Herborn, 8°. 

44. [Kykermano Systema Phisica] . 03 . 

Bart. Keckerman : Systema geographicvm. 1612 

Adjecta sunt Problemata nautica. Hanoviae, 
8°. Prince Lib. [34.19. a.] 

45. [Beza Confess. Christ] . 02 . 4 

T. Beza : Confessio Christian* Fidei, et ejus- 1575 

dem collatio cum Papisticis Haeresibus. Lon- 
dini, 8°. B. M. [3505. aa.] 

46. [Rollock in Dany] . 02 . 6 

In Librum Danielis Prophetae, R. Rollici 1591 

commentarius. Edinbvrgi, 4°. 

Prince Lib. [45.17.] 

47. [Dauen in prio Juni] . 02 . 

Lambertus Danaeus: Commentarium in prio- 1585? 

rem ad Ioannem Epistolam. Geneva?, 8°. 

48. [Thorn Thomaseus Dix] . 02 . 

Thomas Thomasius: Dictionarium, etc., longe 1606 

auc tiiis locupletiiisque redditum, etc. Cantab. 
4°. B.M. [12993. c. 16.] 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER' S LIBRARY. 43 

£ s. d. 

49. [Bastwick Apologeticus] . 00 . 6 

J. Bastwick : Apologeticus ad praesules Angli- 1636 

canos criminum Ecclesiasticorum in Curia celsae 
Commissionis, etc. [n. p.] 8°. 

B. M. [1010. a. 18.] Prince Lib. [58.15.] 

50. [Machauelii princeps] . 01 . 8 

N. Macchiavelli : De Viri Principis Institu- 1619? 

tione. 

51. [Elenchus papistice Bastwick] 0.00.06 

J. Bastwick : Elenchus Religionis Papis- 1633 

ticse. 8°. 

52. [Rollock at Psalmos] . 02 . 06 

R. Rollock : In selectos aliquot Psalmos 1599 

Davidis. Genevae, 8°. 

53. [Rainoldi de Romana Eccles] 0.02.06 

J. Rainoldi : de Romanse Ecclesiae Idololatria 1596 

in cultu sanctorum, reliquiarum, imaginum, aquae, 
salis, etc., aliarumque, etc. Oxon, 4°. 

B. M. [477. a. 9.]* 

54. [Caluin in Josua] 0.01.0 

J. Caluin : Commentarius in Librum Josue. 1578 ? 

Genevae, 4°. 

55. [Syntagma Vigandus] 0.01.06 

Jo. Wigandus: Syntagma, seu corpus doc- 1564 

trinae veri et omnipotentis Dei, ex Veteri Tes- 
tamento tantum, etc. Basil, 4°. 

56. [Epistola Apologetica] 0.01.06 

? An Apologicall Epistle, directed to the right 1601 

Hon Lords and others of her Majesties privie 
Counsell, etc. [by Rob'. Persons]. 8°. 

B. M. [699. a. 39.] 

57. [Paraphrasa Erasmus in Luke] . 01 . 06 

D. Erasmus : Paraphrasis in Lucam. 

58. [Latina Grammatica] . 00 . 06 

? Syntagma grammaticum, or, an easie ... 1616 

explanation of Lillies Grammar, etc. 8°. 

B. M. [827. a. 2.] 

59. [Hebrew gramat] . 00 . 06 

? J. Avenarius : Grammatices Ebraicae tres- 1586 

partes. Vitebergae, 4°. 

60. [Camden Brittan] . 03 . 

"W. Camden : Britannia . . . Sive florentissi- 1586 

morum regnorum, ADgliae, Scotiae, Hiberniae, et 



44 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
Insularum adjacentium . . . descriptio, etc. 
Lond. 8°. 

61. [Bollock ad Romanos Ephes] . 03 . 

R. Rollock : Analysis Dialectica in Pauli 1594 

Apostoli Epistolam ad Romanos, et Ephesios, 
etc. Edinburgh 4°. 

62. [Dictio. Triglott] 0.01.06 

? Gul. Moreliua : Verborum Latinorum cum 1583 

Gracis, Anglicisque conjunctorum, locupletis- 
simi Commentarii, etc. Londini, fol. 

B. M. [12933. 1. 6.] 

63. [Buxtorff Lexicon] 0.04.06 

Jo. Bvxtorff: Lexicon Hebraicum et Chal- 1607 

daicum, cum brevi Lexico Rabbinico Philo- 
sophico. Basilese, 4°. 

64. [Cartwright prouerbia] . 07 . 

Commentarii in Proverbia. Authore T. Cart- 1617 

vvrighto, etc. Lugdunum Bat., 4°. 
[printed by W. Brewster.] Prince Lib. [45.4]* 

65. [Iunii ad Ecclam Dei] ' . . 0.00.03 

F. Iunius : Ecclesiastici sive de natura et 1581 

administrationibus Ecclesiae Dei, libri tres. 
Francofurti, 8°. Prince Lib. [58.16.] 

66. [Tyrocinia] 0.00.04 

J. Prideaux. Tyrocinium ad syllogismum 1629 

legitimum contexendum, etc. Oxford, 4°. 

B. M. [12924. aa. 3. (2.)] 

67. [Poemata Heringii] . 00 . 02 

Fr. Herring; In foelicissimum . . . Iacobi 1603 

primi, Anglise . . . Regis, etc. Poema Gratu- 
latorium, etc. Londini, 4°. 

B. M. [1070. c. 18. (1.)] 

68. [Ad Reverend, patres Eccles. Anglican] . . . . 00 . 06 

?Ad reverendissimos [patres] Ecclesiarum 1625 

Anglicanarum . . . Episcopos, etc. [remonstrance 
ag' y? treat' of Puritans] [London] 4°. 

B. M. [700. d. 3. (4.)] 

69. [Amesii contra Grevin. Co.] . 00 . 06 

Gul. Amesii : Rescriptio Scholastica et Brevis 1634 

ad Nic. Grevinchovii Responsum illud prolixum, 
quod opposuit dissertatione de Redempt. Gen. 
et Electione, etc. Roter d ?, 8°. * 

70. [Hypomneses] 0.00.03 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 45 

£ s. d. 
? Hypomnemata Logica, Rhetorica, Physica, 1620? 

Metaphysica, Pneumatica, Ethica, Politica, 
CEconomica, per l[o] P[rideaux] Coll. Exon. 
Oxford, 8°. 

71. [Antichristus prognostica] 0.00.04 

? T. Brightman. Antichristum Pontificiorum 1610 

monstrum fictitiutn esse, etc. Ambergae, 8°. 

72. [Harmonia Evangelia] . . , 0.00.06 

Harmonise Evangelicae. M. Chemnitio in- 1622 

choatse, & per Polycarpvm Lyservm continva- 
tae, libri qvinqve. Francofurti, fol. 

Prince Lib. [52.11.] 

73. [1 English bible lattin letter] . \ \ . . . . 08 . 00 

74. [1 English bible] . 06 . 00 

75. [A new Testament] 0.05.00 

76. [Mr. Ainsworths Psalms in prose & meter] . . 02 . 00 

The Book of Psalmes: Englished both in 1612 

Prose and Metre w th Annotations, etc., by H. A. 
Amsterdam, 4°. B. M. [3436. cc. 35.]* 

77. [I new testament] 0.01.04 

78. [Major Coment new testament] . 12 . 00 

John Mayor: A Commentarie upon the four 1631 

Euangelists, the Acts of the Apostles, etc. Lon- 
don, fol. B. M [1010. e. 6.7.] 

79. [Hexapla vpon Daniell] 0.05.00 

Hexapla in Danielem : that is a six-fold com- 1610 

mentarie upon . . . Daniel, by A. Willet. 
Cambridge, fol. B. M. [1010. e. 10.] 

80. [2 volumes of Mr. Perkins] 1 . 10 . 00 

The Workes of that Famous and "Worthie 1603 

Minister of Christ, in the Vniversitie of Cam- 1608 

bridge. M. W. Perkins, etc. Cambridge, fol. 
B. M. [3752. g.] Prince Lib. [61.4.]* 

81. [Mr. Hemes works] 0.05.00 

? Samuel Hieron: The Workes of S. H. two 1624 

volumes. London, fol. B. M. [1012. e. 12.] 1625 

82. [Babingtons works] • 08 . 00 

The Workes of Gervase Babington . . .con- 1615 

teining comfortable notes upon the five Bookes 
of Moses . . . also an Exposition upon the 
Creed, etc. London, fol. B. M. [1013. f. 16.] 

83. [Cartwright against Remise] . 08 . 00 

T. Cartwright: A Confvtation of the Rhemists 1618 



46 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
translation, glosses and Annotations on the New 
Testament, etc. [Leyden,] fol. [Printed by 
W? Brewster] B. M. [689. g. 10.]* 

Prince Lib. [53.21.] 

84 [Byfield on Coloss] . 05 . 00 

N. Byfield: An Exposition upon the Epistle 1615 

to the Colossians . . . Being the substance of 
neare seauen yeeres "Weeke-dayes Sermons. 
Lond. fol. B. M. [3266. g.] 

85. [Dodoner Herball] . 06 . 00 

Eembert Dodoens: A brief Epitome of the 1606 

new Herball, etc., first set forth in y* Dutch 
tongue. Lond. 4°. B. M. [987. e. 19.] 

86. [Mr Rogers on Judges] '. . . 06 . 00 

Richd. Rogers : A Commentary upon the 1615 

whole booke of Iudges, preached first ... in 
sundrie lectures, etc. London, fol. 

B. M. [3165. f.] Prince Lib. [43.12.] 

87. [Mr Richardson on y e state of Eur.] . . . . . 04 . 00 

Gabriel Richardson : Of the State of Europe. 1627 

XIIII. Bookes, containing the historie, and re- 
lation of the many provinces hereof. Oxford, 
4°. B. M. [10107. i.] 

88. [Knights Concord] . 05 . 00 

William Knight: An Axiomatical Concord- 1610 

ance. London. [Watt. ii. 576. j.] 

89. [Calvin on Isay] . 06 . 00 

J. Calvin: A Commentary upon the Proph- 1609 

ecie of Isaiah . . . tr. by C. C[otton] [London] 
fol. " B. M. [3166. f.] 

90. [Willet on Romans] . 06 . 00 

A. Willet: Hexapla: that is a Six-fold Com- 1611 

mentarie upon the Epistle to y* Romanes. 
Cambridge, fol. B. M. [3266. h.] 

91. [Greusames works] 0.10.00 

Richard Greenham : The Workes of . . . R. G. 1612 

. . . collected into one volume [fifth and last 
edition]. London, fol. B. M. [1012. e. 8.] 

92. [Bodens Comon weale] . 08 . 00 

Jean Bodin: The six Bookes of a Common- 1606 

weale. Out of y* French & Latine Copies . . . 
by R. Knolles. London, fol. B. M. [30. f. 20.] 

93. [Willet on the 1'.' Samuel] . 04 . 00 



1889.] ELDEE BBEWSTEE'S LIBRARY. 47 

£ S. d. 

A. Willet: An harmonie upon the first booke 1607 

of Samuel, etc. Cambridge, 4°. B. J£[3165.c] 

94. [Surveyor by Ratbone] 0.03.00 

Aaron Rathbone: The Surveyor in Foure 1616 

Bookes. London, fol. 

95. [Willet on Genesis] 0.07.00 

A. Willet: Hexapla in Genesin, that is a six- 1608 

fold Commentary upon Genesis, wherein sixe 
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are compared with the original Hebrew, and 
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etc. London, fol. 2 vols. 

96. [Seneca Workes] . 06 . 00 

L. A. Seneca: The Workes of L. A. Seneca 1614 

both Morrall and Naturall . . . tr. by T. Lodge. 
London, fol. [Has various autographs, and is 
now owned by J. McLellan, Woodstock, Conn.] 
B. M. [524. k. 13.] 

97. [Wilcocks on Psalmes] . . . 06 . 00 

T. Wilcox : A right godly and learned Ex- 1586 

position upon the whole Booke of Psalmes, 
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98. [Cottons Concordance 2 volumes] . 12 . 00 

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the Bible of the last translation, etc. London, 
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99. [Scholastical discourse about the crosse] . . . . 04 . 00 

R.Parker: A Scholasticall Discovrse against 1607 

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Thos. Taylor : A commentarie upon the 1619 

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B. M. [3266. e.] Prince Lib. [47.2.] 

101. [Hill upon Life Euer.] 0.05.00 

Rob- Hill: Life everlasting: or the true 1601 

knowledge of One Jehovah, Three Elohim, 



48 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ 4. d. 
and Jesus Immanuel : collected out of the best 
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B. M. [4223. b.] 

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B. M. [3109. c] Prince Lib. [51.8.] [1648.] 

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Jo. Weeme3 : The Christian Synagogue ; 1623 

wherein is contayned the diverse reading, the 
right pointing, translation, and collation of 
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104. [Gibbines question & disputacons] . . . . . 02 . 06 

Nich. Gibbens: Questions and Disputations 1601 

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Prince Lib. [45.21.] [1602.] 

105. [Caluin Harmon Evan.] . 06 . 00 

J. Calvin : A Harmonie upon the three 1610 

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B. M. [3225. b.] 

106. [Defence of Synod of Dort by Robin] . . . . 02 . 00 

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? ? Nath 1 . Richards : The Tragedy of Messa- 1 640 

lina, the Roman Emperesse, as it hath been 
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don^ . B.M. [162. b. 15.] 

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pt. [there were four.] London, 8°. 
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109. [Barlow on 2 Tymothy] 0.02.06 



1889.] ELDEE BEEWSTEK'S LIBRARY. 49 

£ s. d. 
Jo. Barlow : An Exposition of the Second 1625 

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110. [Cartwright ag 8t Whitgift 2 pt] 0.02.00 

T. Cartwright : Second replie agaynst Mais- 1575 

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112. [Granger on Eccl.] 0.02.00 

Tho: Granger: A familiar Exposition or 1621 

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113. [Brightman on Reuel.] . . . * 0.05.00 

T. Brightman: The Revelation of S. John 1616 

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Prince Lib. [44.15.] [1636.] 

117. [Parr on Romans] 0.05.00 

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7 



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124. [Narme cf Chr. Strarr.] 0.02.00 

W. Name: Christs Starre : or, a Christian 1625 

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126. [Attersons badges of Christianity] . . . . 0.02.00 

? ? W? Attersoll : [I think some sub-title of 1618 

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Jo. Downame: Consolations for the afflicted, 1612 

wherein is shewed how the Christian may be 
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1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 51 

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patience, etc. London, 4°. [3 d pt. of X? War- 
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B. M. [4408. f.] Prince Lib. [55.42.] 

128. [Elton on 7 Romans] 0.02.06 

Ed. Elton: The complaint of a sanctified 1618 

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129. [A declaracon of Quintill. question] . . . . 0.02.00 

? [Some unassigned English version, appar- 
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mously). London, 1686.] 

130. [Byfeild on 3 of Peter] 0.01.06 

N. Byfield : A Commentary upon the three 1637 

first chapters of the first Epistle ... of St. 
Peter. Wherein are . . . handled such points 
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London, fol. B. M. [3266. g.] 

131. [7 p r bleames against Antechrist] 0.01.00 

G. S. : Sacrse Heptades, or seaven prob- 1626 

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B. M. [3186. e.] 

132. [Dike upon Repent] . 01 . 06 

Dan. Dyke : A Treatise of Repentance, etc. 1618 

4°. Prince Lib. [55.37.] 

133. [Sibbs Soules Comfort] . 03 . 06 

R. Sibbes : The Soules Conflict with it selfe, [1625] 

etc. London, 8°. B. M. [4409. de.] [1 636.] 

134. [Passions of the mynd] 0.01.06 

? RoW Southwell. The Passion of a Discon- 1621 

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B. M. [1076. i. 20.] 

135. [5 bookes of Sermons stichet together] . . . 0.01.00 

[There is nothing to show whether these 
were printed discourses, or Elder Brewster's 
own manuscripts, thus bundled together.] 

136. [Constitucons & Cannons of bb. of Cant.] . . . 00 . 02 

Constitvtions and Canons Ecclesiasticall. 1604 

Treated vpon by the Bishop of London . . . 
and the rest of the Bps. and Clergie of the 
Province of Canterbury, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [5155. aa. 5.]* 



52 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 

137. [Wittenhall discovery of abuses] 0.01.00 

Th. Whetenhall : A Discourse of the Abuses 1606 

now in question in the Chvrches of Christ, of 
their creeping in, growing vp and flourishing 
in the Babilonish Ch'h of Rome, etc. [n. pi.] 
4°. B. M. [108. a. 47.]* 

138. [Rollock on Thessal] 0.02.00 

R. Rollock : Lectures upon the First and 1606 

Second Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians, 
etc. Edinburgh, 8°. 

B. M. [3266. ee.] 

139. [Heauen opened by Coop] . 02 . 00 

Heauen opened. A book by Rev. William 1608 

Cowper, minister of God's Word. [Arber, 
Stat. Reg. iii. 393.] 

140. [Treasury of Smiles] 0.04.00 

Rob. Cawdrey : A Treasurie or Store- House 1609 

of Similies . . . newly collected into Heades 
and Common places. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4410. n.] 

141. [Downefall of Popery] . 02 . 00 

Th. Bell : The Downefall of Popery. Pro- 1605 

posed by way of a new Challenge to all Eng- 
lish Iesuites and . . . papists, daring them . . . 
to make answere thereunto if they can. Lon- 
don, 4°. B. M. [3935. b.] 

142. [Saints by calling by Wilson] . 02 . 00 

Th. Wilson: Saints by calling: or called to 1620 

be Saints. A godly Treatise of our holy Call- 
ing to Christ by the Gospel, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4409. gg] 

143. [Wittenhall discovy of abuses] . 02 . 00 

[Seems to be a duplicate of No. 137, ante.'] 1606 

144. [Udal on Lamentacons] . 01 . 04 

J. Vdall : A Commentarie upon the Lamen- 1599 

tations of Jeremy, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [3166, aaa.] 

145. [Dyocean Tryall] 0.00.06 

P. Baynes : The Diocesans Tryall. Wherein 
all the sinnewes of Doctor Downhams Defence 
are brought into three heads, and orderly dis- 
solved. 4°. Bodleian [110. j. 217. (2).] 
B. M. [E. 207. (7).] [1641.]* 

146. [Sparks ag" Albin] 0.02.06 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 53 



Tho. Sparke : An Answere to J. de Attunes 1591 

notable Discourse against heresies . . . com- 
piled by T. S. [with copy of Discourse itself 
as printed at Douay]. Oxford, 4°. 

B. M. [697. g. 29.] 

1 47. [Wottons defence of Perkins Refor Catholicke] . 02 . 06 

Anth: Wotton: A Defence of M. Perkins 1606 

booke called A Reformed Catholike : against 
the cavils of a Popish writer, one D. B. P. or 
W. B. in his Deformed Reformation. Lon- 
don, 4°. B. M. [3932. e.] 

148. [Brinslow on Ezech] . 03 . 00 

J. Brinsley : The third part of the true 1622 

watch, etc. Taken out of Ezekiel Chap. 9. 
London, 4°. Prince Lib. [55.104.] 

149. [Defence of Ministers reasons] 0.01.06 

[S. Hieron] : A Defence of the Ministers 1607 

Reasons, for Refvsall of Svbscription to the 
Booke of Common prayer, and of Conformitie, 
etc. [n. pi.] 4°. * 

150. [Downam ag" Bath & Wells] 0.01.06 

Geo. Downame: A Defence of the Sermon 1611 

preached at the Consecration of the L. Bishop 
of Bath and Welles, against a confutation 
thereof by a namelesse Author, etc. London, 
4°. 

B.M. [858. g. 12.] Prince Lib. [59.15.]* 

151. [A discourse of troubles Chu. of Amster.] . . 0.01.06 

Geo. Johnson : A Discourse of some Troubles 1603 

and Excommunications in the banished English 
Church at Amsterdam. Published for sundry 
causes declared in the preface to the Pastour of 
the sayd Church, etc. Amsterdam, 4°. 

Trinity Coll., Cambridge, [c. 4.53.] 
152,153,154. [Mr. Smyths 3 treatises] . . . . 0.02.06 

?Iohn Smyth: (1) Principles and inferences 1607 

concerning the Visible Church, [n. pi.] 16°; 
(2) The Diferences of the Churches of the [1608] 

Separation, etc. [n. pi.] 4° ; (3) The charac- 
ter of the Beast, or the false constitution of the 
Church discovered in certain passages betwixt 
Mr. R. Clyfton & John Smyth, etc. [n. pi.] 4°. [1609] 

[The first is in the Lib. of York Minster ; * the 



54 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
second in Harvard Coll.; and the third in the 
Bodleian.] [Pamph. 7.] 

155. [Discourse of Equivocation] 0.01.06 

H. Mason: The new Art of Lying, covered 1634 

by Iesuites under the vaile of Equivocation ; 
discovered and disproved. London, 12 m0 . 
B. M. [852. c. 1.] 

156. [Mr. Smyths paroliles] . 00 . 08 

Jo. Smyth: Paralleles, Censvres, Observa- 1609 

tions, Aperteyning to three several writinges, 
viz. [n. pi.] 4°. 

Bodleian [4°, S. 9. Art. B. S.]* 

157. [A peticon for reformacon] 0.00.06 

? A Petition to her Maiestie [on Reformation 1593 

in the Church of England] [n. pi.] 4°. 

Prince Lib. [78.97.] 

158. [A primer of Chr. Relig.] 0.00.09 

?J. Sprint: The Svmme of the Christian 1613 

Religion, in form of Question and Answer. 
London, 8°. Prince Lib. [57.34.] 

159. [A discourse of variance betweene pope & 

Venet.] 0.01.00 

Chr. Potter : A Sermon, etc. hereunto is 1629 

added an Advertisement touching the History 
of the quarrels of Pope Paul 5, with the Vene- 
tians, etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [4474. aa. 96.] 

160. [Broughton on Lament.] 0.01.00 

H. Broughton : The Lamentations of Ieremy, 1608 

translated. . . . With explications, etc. [No 
pi.] 4°. B. M. [1003. b. 9. (8).] 

161. [Perkins on Sat. Sophist] 0.00.06 

W. Perkins : Satans Sophistrie answered by [1603] 

our Saviour Christ. Cambridge, fol. [Sub- 
sequently published in the third volume of the 
three volume edition of Perkins's Works, as 
" The Combat between Christ and the Devill 
displayed," etc.] * 

162. [A discourse of Adoracon of Reliq""] . . . 0.01.00 

? Jo. Polyander : Discourse against the Wor- 1611 

ship of Reliques, etc. [London] [4°.] 
Liby. of Emmanuel Coll. Camb. [10.5.43.] 

163. [A trew mark of Catholike Church] . . . 0.00.06 



1889.] ELDER BBEWSTEB'S LIBBABY. 55 

£ s. d. 
T[heo.] B[eze]: A Discourse of the true 1622 

and visible Markes of the Catholique Church, 
tr. by T. Wilcox. London, 16°. 

B. 3f. [702. a. 43.] 

1 64. [A quodlibet to bewarr of preise] . . . . . 00 . 04 

? ? A Decacordon of ten quodlibeticall ques- 1602 

tions concerning religion and state, etc. [n. pi.] 
4°. " ' B. M. [4091. dd.] 

1 65. [Iustifycacon of Sepacon] . 02 . 00 

Jo. Robinson : A justification of Separation 1610 

from the Church of England ; against Mr R. 
Bernard his invective intituled The Separatists 
schisme. [n. pi.] 4°. B. M. [4135. b.]* 

166. [Storke answere to Campion] 0.02.00 

W. Charke : An Answere to a seditious 1580 

pamphlet lately cast abroade by a Jesuite (E. 
Campian) with a discoverie of that blasphe- 
mous sect. London, 8°. B. M. [4106. a.] 

167. [Dike on the heart] 0.02.00 

D. Dyke: The Mystery of Selfe-Deceiving. 1615 

Or a discourse ... of the deceitfulnesse of 
Mans Heart. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4404. d.] Prince Lib. [55.36.] 

168. [Perkins on 11 Hebrevves] 0.03.02 

W. Perkins: A cloud of faithfull Witnesses 1618 

leading to the Heavenly Canaan ; or a Com- 
mentarie upon 11. Heb. London, fol. 

169. [Bayne on Ephes.] 0.02.00 

P. Baynes: An entire Commentary upon the 1643 

whole Epistle of the Apostle Paul to the Ephe- 
sians . . . with a logical analysis, spiritual and 
holy observations, confutation of Arminianism 
and Popery, and sound edification for the dili- 
gent reader. London, fol. 

170. [Dike on repent. & ch. temtations] . . . . 0.02.00 

D. Dyke : Two Treatises. The one, of Re- [1618] 

pentance ; the other of Christs Temptations, 
etc. London, 4°. 
B.M. [4404. h.] [1631.] Prince Lib. [55.37.] 

171. [Bolton on true happynes] . 01 . 06 

R. Bolton: A discourse about the state of 1612 

true happiness : delivered in certaine sermons, 
etc. London, 4°. B. M. [4452. c] 



56 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 

172. [Downam ag** Beller] 0.01.08 

G. Downame : A Treatise concerning Anti- 1603 

christ, . . . proving that the Pope is Anti- 
christ . . . against all the objections of R. 
Bellarmine, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [478. a. 25.] 

173. [Wotton on 1 Iohn] . 02 . 00 

Anth. Wotton : Sermons on part of Chapter 1609 

first of St. Iohns Gospel. London, 4°. 

174. [Gouge Armor of God] . 02 . 00 

W? Gouge : ncuwiW row ©£ov : The Whole 1616 

armor of God, or the Spirituall Furniture 
which God hath provided to keepe safe euery 
Christian Soulder from . . . Satan, etc. Lon- 
don, 4°. 

B. M. [4402. ccc] Prince Lib. [56.33.] 

175. [Plea for Infants] 0.01.06 

K. Clyfton: A Plea for Infants and Elder 1610 

people concerning their Baptisme ; or, a Pro- 
cesse of the Passages between Mr. John Smyth 
and Richard Clyfton. Amsterdam, 4°. * 

176. [Dod on Commandm' 8 ] . 03 . 00 

[Seems to be a duplicate of No. 121, ante. - ] 1615 

177. [Rollock on effectual calling] 0.01.10 

R. Rollock: A Treatise of Gods effectual 1603 

Calling written in the Latine tongue . . . and 
now . . . translated by H. Holland, etc. Lon- 
don, 4°. B. M. [858. f. 10.] 

178. [Calling of lews by Finish.] . 01 . 00 

W. Finch: The Calling of the Iewes, etc. 1621 

[attributed by B. M. Catalogue to W™ Gouge, 
who seems to have published it.] London, 4°. 
B.M. [4034. cc] 

179. [Prin Antearminescence] 0.00.08 

W™ Prynne: Anti-Arminianisme. Or, the 1630 

Church of Englands old Antithesis to New 
Arminianisme, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [700. g. 6. (3).] Prince Lib. [60.21.]* 

180. [Discouery by Barrow] . 03 . 00 

H? Barrowe : A Brief Discouerie of the false 1590 

Church. As is the mother such the daughter 
is. [n. pi.] [Dort] 4°. Dr. William's Lib., 
London. * 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 57 

£ *. d. 
181. [Ains worths defence of Scripture] . . . . 0.01.06 

H. Ainsworth : A Defence of the Holy 1609 

Scriptures, Worship, and Ministerie used in 
the . . . Churches separated from Antichrist, 
ag' Mr. Smyth, etc. Amsterdam, 4°. 

B. M. [4103. d.]* 
182,183. [2 Downams Reply ag 8 ' Bath] . . . . 0.03.00 

[Seem to be two duplicates of No. 150, ante.] 1611 

184. [Admonition to Parli"'] 0.01.06 

J. Field & T. Wilcox: An Admonition to 1571 

the Parliament. London, 16°. 

Bodleian [A. 9.6. Line.]* 

185. [Refutacon to Gifford] . . 0.02.06 

H. Barrowe & J. Greenwood: A Plaine 1605 

Refvtation of M. Giffardes Booke, intituled, A 
short treatise against the Donatists of England, 
etc. [n.pl.] 4°. 

B. M. [T. 804. (3.)] Prince Lib. [59.68.]* 
[This is the volume referred to in Bradford's 
Dialogue [Young, Chronicles of Plymouth, p. 
424] as having been reprinted by Francis John- 
son at his own charge ; he having destroyed 
all but two copies of the first edition of 1591.] 

186. [Perth Assembly] 0.01.06 

[J. Forbes]: Perth Assembly: containing 1619 

(1) The Proceedings thereof; (2) The Proofe 
of the nullitie thereof, etc. [n. pi.] [Printed 
by W. Brewster in Leyden.] 4°. 

B. M. [4175. a.]* 

187. [Defence of the Ministers reasons] . . . . 0.01.06 

[Seems to be a duplicate of No. 149, ante.] 1607 

188. [Treatise of Ministery of England] . . . . 0.01.00 

F. Johnson : A Treatise of the ministery of . 1595 

the Church of England, etc. [n. pi.] 4°. [I 
have Brewster's copy with his autograph.] * 

189. [Cassander Anglicans] 1.01.08 

J. Sprint: Cassander Anglicanus ; shewing 1618 

the Necessity of Conformitie to the Prescribed 
Ceremonies of our Chvrch, in case of Depriua- 
tion, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [873. h. 15.] Prince Lib. [58.4.]* 

190. [Downams warfarr] 0.05.00 

[Probably another of the four parts of No. 1609 

108, ante.] 8 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 

191. [The meane of mourneing] 0.03.00 

Th. Playfere: The Meane in Mourning. 1611 

A sermon [on Luk. xxiii : 28] etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4452. aaa. (2.)] 

192. [Hackhill History of Judges] . 00 . 00 

? Geo. Hakewill : Scutum Regium, Id est, 1612 

adversus omnes regicidas et regicidarum patro- 
nos, ab initio mundi, etc. Londini, 8°. 

B. M. [523. a. 7.] 

193. [Sweeds Intelligencer] . 01 . 06 

The Swedish Intelligencer. The first part. 1632 

"Wherein out of the truest and choysest Infor- 
mations, are the famous actions of that warlike 
Prince [Gustavus Adolphus] historically led 
along, etc. London, 4°. [four P'-" in all.] 
B. M. [9435. c] 

194. [Comunion of Saints] . 02 . 00 

[H. Ainsworth] : The Communion of Saints. 1615 

A Treatise of the fellowship that the Faithful 
have with God, and his Angels, and one with 
another; in this present life, etc. [n. pi.] 8°. 
B. M. [4409. bbb.]* 

195. [Abridgment of Ministers of Lincolne] . . . 0.01.06 

An Abridgment of that booke which the 1617 

Ministers of Lincoln diocess deliuered to his 
Maiestie upon the first of December last, being 
the first part of an Apologye for themselves and 
their brethren that refuse the subscription, etc. 
[reprinted by W. Brewster, at Leyden.] 8°. 
B. M. [698. g. 4. (5.)] Prince Lib. [78.114.] 
[Ed. 1605.] " * 

196. [Jacob Attestation] . 01 . 00 

H.Jacob: An Attestation of many Learned, 1613 

Godly and famous Divines, etc., justifying this 
doctrine, viz. : that the Church government 
ought to bee alwayes with the peoples free con- 
sent, etc. [n. pi.] 8°. B. M. [698. a. 35. (1.)] 
Prince Lib. [58.28.] * 

197. [Modest Defence] 0.03.00 

A Trve Modest, and Ivst Defence of the 1618 

Petition for Reformation, exhibited to the Kings 
most excellent Maiestie. Containing an An- 
swere to the confutation published under the 
names of some of the Vniversitie of Oxford, 



1889.] ELDER BBEWSTEB's LIBBABY. 59 

£ s. d. 
etc. [n. pi.] 16°. [Printed at Leyden by 
"William Brewster.] B. M. [3935. a.]* 

198. [Exposicon of Canticles] 0.01.00 

?T. Wilcox : An Exposition upon the Canti- 1624 

cles, etc. London, fol. B. M. [3752. f.] 

199. [Whitgifte answere to a libell] . 01 . 00 

J. Whitgift: An Answere to a certen libell 1571 

intituled An Admonition to the Parliament, etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [1019. e. 3.]* 

200. [A reply to a libell] 0.02.00 

? ? T. Cart wright: A Reply e to an Answere [1573] 

made of M. Doctor Whitegifte againste the 
Admonition to the Parliament, etc. [n. pi.] 
[n. d.] 4°. Prince Lib. [49. 67. 68. a.]* 

201. [Dupless of a Chur] 0.02.00 

P. Dvplessis-Mornay : A notable Treatise of 1606 

the Church, in which are handled all the prin- 
cipall questions that haue been moued in our 
time concerning this matter, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [696. b. 28.]* 

202. [Perkins on Iude] 0.02.00 

W. Perkins : An Exposition of Iude, con- [1603] 

taining 66 sermons, etc. Cambridge, [fol.] 
B. M. [3752. g.] [in Works.]* 

203. [Downams 4 treatises] 0.02.00 

J. Downame : Foure Treatises tending to 1609 

disswade all Christians from . . . the abuses 
of Swearing, Drunkennesse, Whoredome, and 
Bribery, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4404. f.] [Ed. 1613.] 
Prince Lib. [55.88.] 

204. [Deareing on Hebrews] 0.03.00 

Ed. Bearing : XXVII. Lectures . . . upon 1590 

part of the Epistle ... to the Hebrues, etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [3166. b. (2.)] 

205. [A Collection of Englands Deliuanc 8 ] . . . . 01 . 06 

G. Carleton: A Thankfull Remembrance of 1627 

Gods Mercy, In an Historicall Collection of the 
great and mercifull Deliverances of the Church 
and State of England, etc. London, 4°. [3 d 
edn.] B. M. [807. c. 22.]* 

206. [1000 notable things] 0.01.06 

Th. Lupton : A Thousand Notable things 1601 



60 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
of sundrie sorts. Whereof some are wonder- 
full, some strange, some pleasant, divers neces- 
sary, a great sort profitable, and many verie 
precious, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [7321. bbb.] 

207. [Riches of elder ages] . 00 . 00 

Guil. Telin: Archaioplutos. Or the Riches 1592 

of Elder Ages ; Prooving . . . that . . . aun- 
cient emperors and kings were more rich and 
magnificent, then such as live in these daies, 
etc. London, 4°. B. M. [C. 40. b. 9.] 

208. [Dod on Comandm' 8 ] . 02 . 06 

[Seems to be a duplicate of Nos. 121 and 1615 

176, ante. ] 

209. [Sweeds Intilligencer] . 01 . 06 

[Probably another " part " of No. 193, ante.'] 1 632 

210. [tymes turne coat] 0.00.06 

? Turncoat of the Times. A Ballad. [1635] 

IB. M. Cat.] 

211. [A continuacon of adventur of Don Sebastian] 0.00.04 

? [J. Teixera: The strangest adventure that 1601 

ever happened. ... A discourse concerning 
the successe of the King of Portugall Dom 
Sebastian from the time of his voyage into 
Affricke ... in the year 1578, unto the sixt 
of Ianuary this present 1601, (done in Spanish, 
then in French & englished by A. Munday). 
London, 4°.] B. M. [1195. a. 1. (8.)] 

or : 
[E. Allde : The Battell of Barbarie, between 1594 

Sebastian King of Portugall, and Abdelmelec 
King of Morocco ; with the death of Capt. 
Stukely. As it was sundrie times plaid by the 
Lord High Admerall his seruants,] or some- 
thing kindred to these ? 

212. [Surveyor Dialougs] . . 01 . 00 

Jo. Norden : The Surveyors Dialogue. Di- 1607 

vided into five Bookes : Very profitable for all 
men to peruse, that have to do with the rev- 
enues of land, or occupation thereof, etc. Lon- 
don, 4°. . B. M. [530. E. 5.] 

213. [Apology Chur. of England ag" Brownists] . . 01 . 06 

J. Hall: A common Apologie of the Chvrch 1610 



1889.] 



ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 61 



of England ; against . . . the Brownists, etc. 
London, 4°. 
B. M. [698. g. 40.] Prince Lib. [59.59 a.]* 

214. [Kings declaracon about Parlia"] . . . . 0.00.02 

James I. : A Declaration of the Kings Maj- 1585 

esties intention and meaning toward the lait 
Actis of Parliament. Edinburgh, 8°. 

B. M. [288. a. 31.] 

215. [Scyrge of Drunkerds] 0.00.02 

"W. Hornby: The Scourge of drunkennes. 1619 

[In verse.] London, 4°. B. M. [C. 34. f. 33.] 

216. [Syons Plea] 0.02.00 

A. Leighton : An Appeal to the Parliament, 1 628 

or Sions Plea against the Prelacie. Printed 
in the year and month wherein Eochell was 
lost. [n. pi.] 4°. 

B. M. [698. g. 8. (2.)] 

[This is the book for publishing which Dr. 
Leighton was twice whipped and pilloried, his 
ears cut off, his nose slit, his cheeks branded 
" S. S." (sower of sedition), and he imprisoned 
eleven years in the Fleet.] 

217. [Elton of Comandmts] 0.02.00 

Ed. Elton: Gods holy minde touching mat- [1619] 

ters morall, uttered in ten commandements. 
London, 4°. 

218. [Treatise of Chr. Religion] . 02 . 00 

[Jo. Ball] : A Short Treatise: contayning [1620] 

all the principall Grounds of Christian Relig=- 
ion. By way of Questions and Answers. Lon- 
don, 8°. " B. M. [3505. b.] [7 th ed.] 
Prince Lib. [69.24.] [10 th ed.] 

[Before 1632 it went through 14 editions, 
and was translated into Turkish in 1666.] 

219. [A battaile of Palatinate] 0.01.06 

A true Relation of all such Battailes as has 
been fought in the Palatinate, etc. London, 4°. 
[Hazlitt, Collections fy Notes, 3 d series, 1887, 
p. 184.] 

220. [Treatise 122 Psalm] 0.00.06 

Rob' Harrison: A Little Treatise vpon the 1618 

first verse of the 122 Fsalme, etc. [Leyden,] 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL. SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
16°. [first printed [n. pi.] in 1583, and re- 
printed by W. Brewster, in 1618.] 

B. M. [3090. a.] [Ed. 1583.] [1618.]* 

221. [Concordance of yeares] . 00 . 06 

Ar. Hopton: A Concordancy of Yeares. 1616 

Containing a . . . most exact computation of 
time, according to the English account. Also 
the use of the English and Roman Kalender, 
etc. London, 8°. [newly augmented.] 

B. M. [717. c. 39.] 

222. [Cesars Tryumphs] . 00 . 02 

? ? [R. Davies] : Chesters Triumph in honor 1610 

of her Prince. As it was performed upon S. 
Georges Day 1610, in the foresaid Citie. Lon- 
don, 4°. B. M. [C. 30. d. 3.] 

223. [A dialogue concerning Ceremonies] . . . . 00 . 04 

Sam! Gardiner : A Dialogve or Conference 1605 

betweene Irenaeus and Antimachus, about the 
rites and ceremonies of the Church of England. 
London, 4°. B. M. [698. g. 4. (4.)] 

224. [Essayes about a prisoner] . 00 . 03 

[Geffray Mynshul]: Essayes and Charac- 1618 

ters of a Prison and Prisoners. Written by 
G. M. of Grayes-Inne, Gent. London, 4°. 
B. M. [884. h. 31. (1.)] 

225. [Politike diseases] . 00 . 06 

? Jaq. Hurault : Politicke, moral and martial 1595 

Discourses, tr. by A. Golding. London, 4°. 
B. M. [8404. cc] 

226. [Exposicon of Liturgie] . 00 . 08 

Jo. Boys : An Exposition of al the principal 1310 

Scriptures used in our English Liturgie, etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [1219. g.] 

227. [Magnifycent Entertaynement of King lames] . 00 . 06 

Th. Decker: The Magnificent Entertain- 1604 

ment : given to King lames, Queene Anne his 
wife, and Henry Frederick the Prince, upon 
the day of his Majesties triumphant Passage 
(from the Tower) through his Honourable 
Citie (and Chamber) of London, being the 
15. of March, 1603. . . . With the speeches 
and Songes, delivered, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [C. 34. c. 23.1 



1889.] ELDER BBEWSTEE's LIBEAEY. 63 

£ s. d. 

228. [A modest defence] . 00 . 06 

[Seems to be a duplicate of No. 197, ante.] 1618 

229. [Essex practise of treason] . 00 . 06 

[F. Bacon] : A Declaration of the Practises 1601 

& Treasons attempted and committed by Rob- 
ert late Earle of Essex and his Complices 
against her Majestie and her Kingdoms. . . . 
Together with the very confessions and other 
parts of the Evidences themselves . . . taken 
out of the Originals. London, 4°. 

B. M. [E. 1940. (1.)] 

230. [Prosopeia] 0.00.02 

? [Prosopopoeia, or a Conference held at An- [1620] 

gelo Castle, between the Pope, the Emperor, 
and the King of Spaine. [a satire, in verse.] 
London, 4°. B. M. [11626. d. 64. (2.)] 1136 

or: 
? Prosopopoia, or Mother Hubberds Tale [in 
Verse] by Ed. Spenser. London, fol. 

B. M. [C. 28. m. 17. (2.)] 

231. [Withers motto] 0.00.04 

Geo: Wither: Withers Motto : Nee habeo, 1621 

nee careo, nee Curo. London, 8°. 

B. M. [1076. c. 19.] 

232. [Standish for woods] . . _ . 00 . 06 

Ar. Standish : New Directions of experi- 1615 

ence ... for the increasing of Timber and 
Fire-wood, with the least waste and losse of 
ground, etc. London, 4°. B. M. [1146. d. 32.] 

233. [A recantacon of a Brownist] . 00 . 04 

P. Fairlambe, The Recantation of a Brown- 1606 

ist, or, a Reformed Puritan, etc. [n. pi.] 4°. 
B. M. [105. c. 47.]* 

234. [A supply to German History] 0.01.00 

? A suplement to the sixth part of the Ger- 1634 

man History. [Arber, Stat. Reg. iv. 321.] 

235. [Of the use of silk worms] . 00 . 06 

O. de Serres : The perfect use of Silk 1607 

wormes, and their benefit, with the . . . plant- 
ing of Mulberrie trees . . . and the figures to 
know how to feede the Wormes, and to winde 
off the Silke. tr. by N. Geffe. London, 4°. 
B. M. [B. 632. (1.)] 



64 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 

236. [Newes from Verginia] . 00 . 06 

[R. Rich] Newes from Virginia. London. 1610 

[a poem.] [But one copy (in the Huth Col- 
lection) now known.] 

237. [News from Palatinate] . . 0.00.04 

News from the Palatinate. A true and 1622 

comfortable Relation of the wonderfull pro- 
ceedings of Count Mansfield, from his first 
coming into the Palatinate unto this present 
moneth. Likewise, the raising of the seige of 
Franckendale by Sir. Horatio Vere, etc. The 
Hage, 4° . [Hazlitt, CoW & Notes, 3 d ser. 183.] 

238. [Hacklett] 0.02.00 

R. Haklyt : The principall Navigations, 1589 

Voiages and Discoveries of the English nation, 
made by Sea, or over Land . . . within the 
compasse of these 1500 yeeres, etc. whereunto 
is added the last most renowned English Navi- 
gation [Sir F. Drake's] round the . . . earth. 
London, fol. B. M. [C. 32. m. 10.] 

239. [Byfeild on the oracles of God] . 03 . 02 

N. Byfield: The Marrow of the Oracles of 1620 

God, or, Divers Treatises, containing Direc- 
tions about sixe of the waightiest things can 
concerne a Christian in this life. London. 
12°. B. M. [4403. bb.] [Ed. 1630.] 

240. [Gods monarchy Deuells Kingdome] . . . . 00 . 04 

I. Anwick : His Meditations upon Gods 1587 

Monarchic and the Devill his Kingdome, And 
of the knowledge that Man in this life may 
obtaine of the . . . Godhed, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [1355. e. 38.] 

241. [New shreds of old share] . . .... . . 0.00.06 

?? Jos. Wybarne: The New Age of Old 1609 

Names, etc. London, 4°. B. M. [8406. bb.] 

242. [Discharg of 5 imputations] . 01 . 00 

Tho. Morton: A Discharge of five Imputa- 1633 

tions of Mis-allegations falsly charged against 
the Bp. of Durham, etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [1019. f. 22.] 

243. [Dauids Musick] . 00 . 06 

R. Allison : Psalmes of Dauid in Meter, the 1599 

plaine song being the common tunne to be sung 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 65 

£ s. d. 
and plaide vpon the lute, or pharion, citterne, 
or base violl, seuerally or altogether, the sing- 
ing part to be either tenor or treble to the in- 
strument, according to the nature of the voyce, 
or for foure voyces ; with tenne short tunnes 
in the end, to which, for the most part of all 
the Psalmes may be vsually sung, for the vse 
of such as are of mean skill, and whose leysure 
least serueth to practize. London, fol. 

244. [Home sheild of the Rightous] 0.01.00 

Rob. Horn: The Shield of the Righteous: 1625 

or the ninety-first Psalme expounded. London, 
4°. B. M. [3089. c] 

245. [Ruine of Rome] . . • . 01 . 06 

A.Dent: The Ruine of Rome : or an Expo- 1633 

sition upon the whole Revelation, etc. Lon- 
don, 16°. 
B. M. [3185. aa.] Prince Lib. [70. a. 26.] 

246. [Downame on 15 Psalm] . 01 . 06 

Geo. Downame : Lectures upon the fifteenth 1604 

Psalm. London, 4°. 

247. [Pisca Evangelica] . 01 . 06 

W. Symonds: Pisgah Evangelica — a com- 1606 

ment on the Revelation of Iohn. London, 4°. 
B. M. [3187. b. (1.)] 

248. [Virell on Lords prayer] . 01 . 06 

P. Viret : A faithfull and familiar exposition 1582 

upon the prayer of our Lord Iesus Christ, and 
of . . . things worthie to be considered upon 
the same. [tr. by J. Brooke.] London, 4°. 
B. M. [3225. b.] Prince Lib. [48.24.] [French, 
1548.] 

249. [Answere to Cartwright] . 00 . 06 

? RoW Browne : An Answer to Master 1583 

Cartwright his Letter for Ioyning with the 
English churches: whereunto the true copie 
of his sayde letter is annexed, etc. [n. pi.] 4°. 
Bodleian [L. 43. Th.] 

250. [Broughton on Gods Diuinitie] . 01 . 00 

? [H. Broughton] : A require of Agreement 1611 

to the groundes of Divinitie studie: wherin 
great scholars falling & being caught of Iewes, 
disgrace the Gospel : & trap them to destruc- 

9 



66 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
tion. London, 4°. B. M. [1019. e. 7. (2.)] 
Prince Lib. [50.10.] [in Works, 1662.] 

251. [Bayne tryall of Christ state] . 01 . 06 

P. Baynes : The trial of a Christians estate : 1618 

or, a discoverie of the causes, degrees, signes 
and differences of the Apostasie both of true 
Christians and false, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4474. c. 31.] 

252. [Wheatley on Gods husbandry] 0.01.00 

W™ Whately: Gods Husbandry: (P? 1) 1622 

Tending to shew the difference betwixt the 
hypocrite and the true-hearted Christian ; (P! 2) 
Tending chiefly to the Reforming of an hypo- 
crite, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4455. a. (2.)] 

253. [Exposicon on Eeuelac] . 01 . 00 

? W. Perkins : A godly and learned Exposi- 1607 

tion . . . upon the three first Chapters of the 
Revelation . . . by . . . W. P. London, fol. 
B. M. [3186. h.] 

254. [Perkins Reformed Catholik] . 01 . 06 

W. Perkins: A Reformed Catholike: or a 1611 

declaration shewing how neere we may come 
to the present Church of Rome in sundrie points 
of Religion : and wherein we must for ever de- 
part from them, etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [4255. aa.]* 
255,256. [Johnsons & "Withers works] . . . . 0.02.00 

Rich* Johnson: The Golden Garland of 1620 

Princely pleasures and delicate Delights, etc. 
London, 8°. B. M. [C. 39. b. 36.] 

Geo. Wither: The Workes of . . . contain- 1620 

ing Satyrs, Epigrams, Eclogues, Sonnets and 
Poems, Whereunto is annexed a Paraphrase 
on the Creed and the Lord's Prayer, etc. 
London, 8°. B. M. [1076. c. 12.] 

257. [10 sermons of the supper] 0.01.06 

J. Dod & R. Cleaver: Ten Sermons, tend- 1634 

ing chiefly to the fitting of men for the worthy 
receiving of the Lords Supper ... six by 
J. D. and four by R. C. etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4452. b. b.] 

258. [Ciuill Conuersacon Gnahzo] 0.02.00 



1889.] elder brewster's library. 67 

£ s. d. 
Stef . Guazzo : The civile Conversation of 1586 

M. S. Guazzo, written first in Italian, divided 
into foure bookes, the first three translated out 
of French by G. pettie . . . the fourth out of 
Italian, by B. Young. London, 4°. 

B. M. [721. e. 5.] 

259. [Smyths plea for Infants] . . 00 . 06 

[I think catalogued to Smyth by mistake, 1610 

and really a duplicate of No. 175, ante.] 

260. [Bacons p~ficiency in Learning] . 02 . 00 

F. Bacon : The twoo Bookes of F. B. Of 1605 

the proficience and advancement of Learning, 
divine and humane. London, 4°. 

B. M. [721. e. 7.] 

261. [Arguments ag" seinge] . 01 . 06 

? ? P. Forestus : The Arraignment of Urines : 1623 

wherein are set downe the manifold errors and 
abuses of ignorant Urine-monging Empirickes, 
cozening Quacksalvers, women-physitians, and 
the like stuffe, etc., epitomized and translated 
by ... J. Hart, etc. London, 4°. [2 pts.] 
B. M. [1188. i. 8. (1. 2.)] 

262. [Theologicks] 0.00.06 

? H. Clapham : Theological Axioms or Con- 1597 

elusions, publicly controverted, discussed and 
concluded by that poore English congregation 
in Amstelredam to whom H. C. . . . adminis- 
tereth the Gospel, etc. Ams tdm . 4°. 

263. [Eming on lames] . 01 . 06 

N. HemmiDg: A learned and fruitful Com- 1577 

mentarie upon the Epistle of lames the Apostle, 
[tr. by W. Gace.] London, 4°. 

B. M. [3265. c] 

264. [Catholike Judg.] . 01 . 00 

?The Judgment of a Catholike Gentleman, 1608 

concerning King lames Apology, etc. [n. pi.] 
4°. ~ " [Watt. 735. e.] 

265. [The spirituall watch] . 01 . 00 

T. Gataker : The Spirituall Watch, or Christs 1619 

generall Watch-word. A meditation on Mark 
xiii: 37, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4474. d. 110.] 

266. [reasons for reformacon of Chur. of Engl] . . . 00 . 06 



68 MASSACHUSETTS HISTOBICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
H. Jacob : Reasons taken out of Gods Word, 1604 

and the best humane testimonies, prouing a 
necessitie of reforming our Churches in Eng- 
land, [n. pi.] 4°. 

B. M. [4135. a.]* 

2C7. [A looking glass ag sl Prelates] 0.01.00 

W. Prynne: A Looking-Glasse for all Lordly 1686 

Prelates, etc. 4°. B. M. [700, g. 6. (5.)] 
Prince Lib. [26.238.] * 

268. [A sermon of Bishop of London] . 00 . 06 

? R.Bancroft: A sermon preached at Paules 1588 

Crosse 9. of Februarie, being the first Sunday 1637, etc. 

in the Parleament, Anno 1588, etc. [Bancroft 
was not yet Bp. of London, until 1597, but, in 
later editions of the sermon, might naturally 
have been so styled.] London, 8°. 

B. M. [693. d. 2. (2.)]* 

269. [Resolucon for kneeling] . 00 . 06 

D. Lindesay: A Resolution of his resolu- 1619 

tions for kneeling at the Sacrament. Edin- 
burgh, 4°. 

270. 2.71. [2 Exact discouery of Romish doctrine] . . 00 . 04 

[T.Morton]: An Exact Disco verie of Ro- 1605 

mish Doctrine in the case of Conspiracie and 
Rebellion, by frequent observations, collected 
. . . out of . . . express dogmaticall princi- 
ples of Popish priests and doctors. London, 4°. 
B. M. [852. h. 2.] 

272. [Warr was a blessing] . 00 . 06 

? ? D. Digges : Foure paradoxes, etc. 2 of the 1604 

worthinesse of warre and warriors. London, 
4°. B. M. [T. 1053. (2.)] 

273. [Midland souldier] 0.00.04 

??M. Parker: The Maunding Soldier : or, [1629] 

the Fruits of Warre is Beggery. [a ballad.] 
London, fol. ' 

274. [Humillitie Christians life] . 00 . 06 

? D. Cawdrey: Humilitie, the Saints liverie ; 1624 

or the habit of humilitie, the grace of graces : 
fetched out of the wardrobe of St. Paul. Lon- 
don, 4°. B. M. [4473. aaa. 13.] 

275. [Church Deliuance] . 01 . 00 

[quite likely a duplicate of No. 205, ante.] 



1889.] ELDEB BEEWSTEE'S LIBEAET. 69 

£ s. d. 

276. [Coment on Ecclesiastic] . 00 . 06 

? J. Granger : A familiar Exposition or Com- 1621 

mentarie on Ecclesiastes, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [3166. aaa.] 

277. [Prerogative of Parli"' 8 ] . 00 . 06 

Sir W. Raleigh : The Prerogative of Parlia- 1628 

ments in England : Proved in a Dialogue . . . 
between a Councellour of State and a Justice 
of Peace. Midelburge, 4°. B. M. [1104. c.31. 
(5.)] Prince Lib. [78.82.] [Ed. 1640.] 

278. [Temple on 20 Psalm] . 01 . 06 

W. Temple: A logicall analysis of twentie 1605 

select Psalmes, performed by W. T. London, 
4°. B. M. [1215. d.] 

279. [Abbott sermon] 0.00.03 

Rob. Abbot: The Old Waye. A sermon 1610 

[on Jer. vi: 16] preached at Oxford 8 Iuly, 
1610, etc. London, 4°. 

280. [Soules Implantacon] . 03 . 04 

Tho. Hooker : The Soules Implantation, etc. 1637 

London, 4°. B. 31. [4409. f.] 

281. [A treatise of Stage pleas] . 00 . 03 

J. Rainolds: Th' overthrow of Stage-Playes, 1599 

by the way of controversie betwixt D. Gayer 
and D. Rainoldes. Wherein all the reasons 
that can be made for them . . . are refuted. 
Whereunto are added . . . certaine latine let- 
ters betwixt the sayed M. Rainolds and D. 
Gentiles . . . concerning the same matter, 
[n. pi.] [Middelberg] 4°. 

B. M. [641. e. 13. (1.)] 

282. [Apologue of Brownists] . 00 . 04 

[F. Johnson & H. Aiusworth] : An Apologie 1604 

or Defence of svch True Christians as are 
commonly (but vniustly) called Brownists; 
against such imputations as are layd vpon them 
by the Heads and Doctors of the Vniversity of 
Oxford, in their Answer to the humble Petition 
of the Ministers . . . desiring reformation, etc. 
4°. 

B. M. [1 05. c. 46.] Prince Lib. [78.109.]* 

283. [State Mistery of Iesuits] . 00 . 06 

? P. Gosselin : The Mysteries of the Jesuits, 1 623 



70 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
by Questions and Answers, from the French. 
London, 4°. 

284. [Dike Schoole of affliccon] 0.02.00 

D. Dyke: The Schoole of Affliction, etc. 1618 

London, 4°. 

B. M. [3266. c] Prince Lib. [47.16.] 

285. [Sibbs Comfort] .. 0.01.06 

Rich. Sibbes: The Saints Comfort; being 1638 

the substance of divers sermons on Psalm cxxx. 
London, 4°. 

286. [Taylor on 32 psalm] . 02 . 00 

T. Taylor: Commentaries on the xxxii 1617 

Psalm, etc. London, 4°. 

287. [Parable of the Vine by Rogers] . 02 . 00 

N. Rogers : The Wild Vine : or an Exposi- 1632 

tion on Isaiahs parabolicall Song of the Be- 
loved. [Isa. v. 1, 2, 3, etc.] London, 4°. 
B.M. [3166. b. (1.)] 

288. [Apologeticall reply by Damfort] 0.02.00 

J. Davenport: An Apologeticall Reply to a 1636 

Booke called An Answer to the unjust com- 
plaint of W. B. etc. Rotterdam, 4°. 

B. M. [4325. b.] 

289. [divers books sticht together] . 02 . 00 

[I feel morally certain that, in 1876, I pur- 
chased, of the late Charles Hammond, LL.D., 
of Monson, Mass., this identical "divers books " 
— which therefore I insert here — seven in 
number.] 

289. [L. Chaderton]: A Godly Sermon vpon the 1618 
3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 verses of the 12. chapter of 

. . . Paule to the Romanes, [a reprint by 
W. Brewster, at Leyden of an edn. of 1584.] 
[n. pi.] Leyden, 16°. 

B. M. [1114. a. 2. (2.)] [Ed. 1584.]* 

290. [A True, Modest, and just Defence, etc. n. pi. 1618 
16°. [printed by W. Brewster, at Leyden.] 

[Duplicate of Nos. 197 & 228, ante.] * 

291. J. Robinson: The Peoples Plea for the exer- 1618 
cise of Prophesie, against Mr. John Yates, his 

Monopolie, etc. [n. pi.] [printed by W. Brew- 
ster at Leyden.] 16°. Prince Lib. [68.16.]* 

292. R. Harrison : A Little Treatise vpon the first 1618 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 71 

£ s. d. 
verse of the 122 Psalm, etc. [Duplicate of 
No. 220, ante.] * 

293. T. Dighton: Certain Reasons of a Private 1618 
Christian against Conf ormitie to kneeling in the 

... act of receiving, [printed by W. Brews- 
ter at Ley den.] [n. pi.] 16°. * 

294. T. Dighton : The Second Part of a Plain dis- 1619 
course of an Vnlettered Christian, etc. [printed 

by W. Brewster in Leyden.] [n. pi.] 16°.* 

295. W. Euiing: An Answer to the Ten Covnter 1619 
Demands, propounded by T. Drakes, etc. 

[printed at Leyden, by W. Brewster.] [n. pi.] 
16°. * 

296. [Broughton of Lamentacons] . 00 . 06 

H. Broughton : The Lamentations of Jeremy, 1 608 

translated . . . with explications, etc. Lon- 
don, 4° B. M. [1003. b. 9. (8.)] 

297. [Agoodwyfe] 0.00.03 

R. Brathwait: The Description of a Good 1619 

"Wife ; or, a rare one among Women, [verse.] 
London, 8°. B. M. [C. 30. b. 19. (2.)] 

298. [Northbrook against Images] 0.01.06 

?John Northbrooke : A Treatise against [1600] 

Images, etc. 

299. [The tryall of truth by Chibbald] . 00 . 04 

W. Chibald: A Tryall of Faith: by the 1622 

touchstone of the Gospel, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4405. cc] 

300. [The paterne of true prayer] . 01 . 06 

[Jo. Smyth] : The paterne of true Prayer, 1605 

being an Exposition or Commentary on the 
Lords Prayer, etc. London, 8°. 

301. [Household gouerment] 0.01.06 

R. Cleaver: A Godly form of Householde 1612 

Governement : for the ordering of private 
Families according to the direction of Gods 
word, etc. London, 8°. [Newly augmented, 
etc.] B. M. [4405. e.] 

302. [Blackwells answers] . 00 . 04 

Mr. G. Black well (made by Pope Clement 1607 

8, Archpriest of England) his Answeres upon 
sundry his Examinations, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [861. f. 21. (1.)] 



72 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ $. d. 

303. [Aristotles probleames] 0.00.06 

The Problemes of Aristotle, with other Phil- 1597 

osophers and Phisitions, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [8460. aaa.] 

304. [Symers Indictment] . 00 . 04 

W" Ward : A Synners Indictament, or cer- 1612 

ten sermons, by W. W. min r at Prestwood, 
Lincolns hre . [Arber, Stat. Reg. iii. 504.] 

305. [Iohnsons psalmes in meeter] . 00 . 04 

[Can this be a mistake for Ainsworth — and 
so a duplicate of No. 76?] [Or is it by the 
author of No. 255 ?] 

306. [Mores discovery] . 00 . 03 

? Geo. More : A true Discourse . . . which 1600 

may serve as part of an Answere to a fayned 
and false Discoverie, etc. [London], 8°. 

B. M. [1395. a. 15.] 

307. [A Sermon] ' . 00 . 02 

? ? [Possibly Rob! Cushman's Sermon deliv- 
ered at Plymouth — which nowhere else ap- 
pears, and which one would think Brewster 
likely to have had.] 

308. [Refutacon of tolleracon] . 00 . 06 

? ? G. Powel : The Catholikes Svpplication 1603 

vnto the kings maiestie for toleration of Cath- 
olike Religion in England . . . whereunto is 
annexed Parallel-wise, a supplicatorie Counter- 
poyse of the Protestants, etc. London, 4°. 
B. M. [3925. bbb.]* 

309. [Aphorismes of State] 0.00.02 

Apherismes of State : or . . . secret Arti- 1624 

cles for the re-edifying of the Romish Church, 
agreed upon ... by the Colledge of Cardi- 
nalls, etc. Utrecht, 4°. 

B. M. [1103. e. 18.] 

310. [Of Union betweene England & Scotland] . . 0.00.06 

Sir. W™ Cornwallis: The Miraculous and 1604 

Happie Union of England and Scotland, etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [600. d. 29. (8.)] 

311. [Tales of Popes custome house] . 00 . 04 

? W. Crashaw. Mittimus to the Ivbile at 1625 

Rome : or the rates of the popes cvstome-hovse, 
etc. London, 4°. Prince Lib. [66.27.] 



1889.] ELDER BEEWSTEfi's LIBBARY. 73 

£ s. d. 

312. [Of Pope Ioane] 0.00.04 

A. Cooke: Pope Ioane: A Dialogue be- 1610 

tweene a Protestant and a Papist . . . proving 
that a woman called Ioane was Pope of Rome, 
etc. London, 4°. B. M. [226. a. 22.] 

313. [A dialogue betweene a gent & a preist] . . . 00 . 04 

W. Watson: A dialogue between a Secular 1601 

Priest and a Lay Gentleman. Remes, 8°. 

314. [Against kneeling] . . 0.00.03 

[Likely to be a duplicate of No. 293, ante.] 1618 

315. [Perkins on fayth] . 00 . 03 

? W. Perkins : Problems of the Roman Faith [1 604] 

falsly called Catholic, against J. Cocceius, etc. 
London, 4°. B. M. [476. b. 1.] [in Latin.] 

316. [Bacons Apologye] 0.00.03 

Sir F. Bacon: his apologie, in certain im- 1604 

putations concerning the late Earle of Essex, 
etc. London, 8°. B. M. [C. 34. a. 4.] 

317. [A History of Mary Glouer] . 00 . 03 

J. Swan : A True and breife Report of M. 1603 

Glovers vexation, and of her deliverance by 
the meanes of fastinge and prayer, etc. [n. pi.] 
8°. "' B. M. [8630. a.] 

318. [A bundle of smale books & papers] . . . . 0.02.00 

319. [Defyance of death] 0.01.00 

Wm. Cowper : A Defiance to Death ; where- 1610 

in, besides . . . instructions for a godly life, 
we have strong . . . comforts to uphold us in 
death. London, 12°. 

B. M. [4401. aaa. 30. (1.)] 

320. [A Christians apparelling] . 01 . 06 

[R. Jenison] : The Christians apparelling by 1625 

Christ. Wherein is shewed . . . 1 . the Hap- 
pinesse ... of all true Christians ; . . . 2. 
the Duetie it selfe ; 3. the Triall and Exami- 
nation of our selves, etc. London, 8°. 

B.M. [1112. a. 3.] 

321. [Perkins on repentance] 0.00.08 

W. Perkins : Of the nature and practise of 1595 

Repentance, etc. Cambridge, 8°. 

B. M. [4409. f.] 

322. [Essays by Cornwallis] . 01 . 06 

10 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ S. d. 
Sir W™ Cornwallis: Essayes of Certaiue 1617 

Paradoxes, etc. [2 d ed.] London, 4°. 

B. M. [G. 10466.] 

323. [Spirituall stedfastnes] . 00 . 08 

J. Barlow: A seasonable discourse of Spirit- 1632 

uall stedfastnes, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [3266. gg. 1.1 

324. [Amanuell] 0.00.06 

? J. Usher : Immanuel ; or, the mystery of 1 638 

the Incarnation of the Son of God unfolded. 
Dublin, 4°. B. M. [4474. cc. 108.] 

325. [A breiffe of bible] . 00 . 06 

Henoch Clapham: A Briefe of the Bible, 1603 

drawne . . . into English poesy, etc. Lon- 
don, 12" 00 . B. M. [3127. a.]* 

326. [Jacob on 2 d Comand"'] . 00 . 04 

H. Jacob : A plaine and cleere exposition of 1610 

the second Commandement, etc. [Leyden], 8°. 
B. M. [4374. a.]* 

327. [A pill to purge popery] . 00 . 02 

A Pill to purge out Poperie. Or a Cate- [1600] 

chisme for Romish Catholikes. Shewing, that 
Popery is contrary to the grounds of the 
Catholike Religion, and that therefore Papists 
cannot be good Catholikes, etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [3936. b.] 

328. [Withers] 0.00.04 

? J. Phillip : The Wonderfull Worke of God 1581 

shewed upon . . . W. Withers . . . who . . . 
laye in a Traunce . . . tenne dayes, etc. Lon- 
don, 8°. B. M. [697. c. 37.] 

329. [Cathologue of nobillyty of England] . . . . 00 . 03 

R. Brooke: A Catalogue and Succession of 1619 

the Kings, Princes, Dukes, Marquesses, Earles, 
and Viscounts of this Realme of England, since 
the Norman Conquest, to the present Yeare, 
1619, etc. London, fol. B. M. [2119. f.] 

330. [English Votaryes] 0.00.06 

J. Bale : The Actes of English Votaryes, 1546 

comprehendynge their vnchast practyses and 
examples by all ages from the worldes begyn- 
nynge to thys present yeare, etc. Wesel, 8°. 
B.M. [C. 37. c. 12.] 



1889.] ELDER BEEWSTEE'S LIBEAEY. 75 

£ s. d. 

331. [Sibbs Yea & Amen] . 01 . 06 

R. Sibbes : Yea and Amen : or pretious 1638 

promises, and priviledges spiritually unfolded 
in their nature and use, etc. London, 12 m .° 

B. M. [4378. a.] 

332. [Sermons by Rollock] . 01 . 00 

R. Rollock : Certain Sermons on several 1590 

places of St. Pauls Epistles, etc. Edinburgh, 
8°. B. M. [4453. de. 1.] [repr. of 1634.] 

333. [Kinges Bath] . 00 . 08 

Tho. Taylor: The Kings Bath; or a Trea- 1620 

tise on Matt, hi : 13, to the end, etc. London, 8°. 
Prince Lib. [60. a. 14.] [in his Works, 1653.] 

334. [Great Assise by Smyth] . 00 . 08 

? S. Smith : The Great Assize, or the day of [1625] 

Iubilee, etc. on Rev. xx : 1 1-15. London, 12 mo . 

335. [Martin on Easter] . 01 . 00 

?? N. Marten: The seventh voyage . . . into 1625 

East India, etc. London, fol. 

B. M. [679. h. 11.] 

336. [Smyth on 6* of Hosea] 0.01.06 

Sam. Smyth: An Exposition upon the sixt 1616 

Chapter of . . . Hosea, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [3166. de.] 

337. [Discription of "World] 0.01.00 

G. Abbot : A briefe Description of the whole 1 620 

worlde, etc. London, 4°. B. M. [10004. c.j* 

338. [Cantelus Cannon of Masse] . 01 . 00 

The Cauteles, Canon, and Ceremonies of the 1584 

. . . Popish Masse . . . With certain anno- 
tations ... set forth by ... P. Viret & trans- 
lated by Th. Sto[cker] etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [C. 37. b. 18.] 

339. [Perkins of Repentance] . 00 . 06 

[Seems to be a duplicate of No. 321, ante.] 

340. [Gods moy & Jurasa misery] . 00 . 06 

341. [Silu Watch bell] . 00 . 06 

T. Tymme: A Silver Watch-Bell. The 1617 

Sound whereof is able (by the grace of God) 
to winne the most profane worldling ... to 
become a true Christian, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4403. d.] 



76 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [OCT. 

£ S. d. 

342. [7 Sermons by W. B.] . 00 . 06 

[I j udge that these were MS. sermons written 
by W™ Brewster.] 

343. [Burton ag" Cholmely] . 00 . 06 

H. Burton: Babel no Bethel: That is the 1629 

Church of Rome no true visible Church of 
Christ, in answer to H. Cholmley, etc. 4°. 
B. M. [108. d. 30.] 

344. [Sibbs Saints p'viledges] . 01 . 01 

R. Sibbs: The Saints Comforts, divers ser- 1638 

mons on Ps. 130. London, 12°. 

345. [Sibbs Riches of mercy] 0.01.01 

R. Sibbs : The Riches of mercy, in two trea- [1638] 

tises, etc. London, 12°. 

346. [Regla Vite] . 01 . 01 

Th. Taylor: Regula Vitas. The Rule of 1635 

the Law under the Gospel [as to Libertines, 
Antinomians, etc.] Loudon, 12°. 

B. M. [4256. a.] 

347. [Pilgrimes p'fession] . 00 . 08 

T. Taylor: The Pilgrims Profession, or a 1622 

sermon [on Ps. xxxix. 12] preached at the 
funeral of Mrs. M. Gunter, &c. London, 12™" 
B. M. [1418. i. 10.] 

348. [Sermon at Pauls crosse] . 00 . 04 

[Necessarily impossible to identify.] 

349. [Nature & grace] 0.00.00 

? Iohn Prime : A Treatise of Nature and 1583 

Grace, in two books; with Answers to the 
Enemies of Grace, etc. London, 8°. 

350. [Perkins of Predestinacon] . 00 . 06 

W. Perkins : A Christian and plaine treatise 1606 

of the manner and order of Predestination, and 
of the largenes of Gods grace, etc. London, 8°. 
B. M. [4256. aa.] 

351. [Spirituall trumpett] . 00 . 08 

352. [Vox Regis] 0.00.06 

Tho. Scott : Vox Regis. London, 4°. 1623 

B. M, [ G. 3801.] 

353. [Barrowes platforme] . 00 . 06 

Mr. H. Barrowes Platform. Which may 1611 

serve as a Preparative to purge away Prela- 
tisme with some other parts of poperie. Made 



1889.] ELDER BEBWSTEE'S LIBEAEY. 77 

£ s. d. 

ready to be sent from Miles Micklebound to 
Much-beloved England, etc. [n. pi.] 8°. 

B. M. [698. a. 35. (2.)] 

354. [Exposicon of Lords prayer] 0.00.06 

? W. Perkins: An Exposition of the Lords 1595 

Prayer: in the way of Catechizing serving for 
ignorant people, etc. London, 4°. 

B.M. [3224. b.] 

355. [Comon weale of England] 0.00.06 

Sir Tho. Smith: The Common-Welth of 1589 

England, and maner of government thereof . . . 
with new additions of the cheefe Courts in 
England, the offices thereof, and their severall 
functions, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [1137. f. 1.]* 

356. [Right way of peace] 0.00.06 

? R. Bruce : The Way to true Peace and 1617 

Rest : delivered at Edinborough in XVI. Ser- 
mons, etc. London, 4°. 

B. M. [4455. a.] 

357. [4 th pt of true watch] 0.01.00 

J. Brinsley: The True Watch and Rule of 1624 

Life : fourth Part ; containing prayers and 
tears for the Churches, etc. London, 12°. 
B. M. [876. b. 5.] 

358. [Iohnson on Psalmes] . 01 . 00 

[I suppose a duplicate of No. 305, ante.~\ 

359. [Byfield paterae of] . 01 . 00 

N. Byfield : The Principles or the Patterne 1627 

of wholesome Words. Containing a collection 
of such Truths as are of necessitie to be believed 
unto Salvation, seperated out of the bodie of 
all Theologie, etc. London, 12°. 

B. M. [3557. a.] 

360. [Duke promises] 0.00.06 

? ? Dav. Dickson : A Treatise on the Prom- 1630 

ises. Dublin, 12°. [ Watt. 302. o.] 

361. [A help to memorye] 0.00.06 

A Helpe to Metnorie and Discourse. The 1621 

two Syrens of the Eare, and joynt Twins of 
Mans perfection. Extracted from the sweating 
braines of Physitians . . . and Poets, etc. 
London, 12°. [Partly in verse.] 

B. M. [C. 40. a. 41.] 



78 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ S. d. 

362. [p. posicons by Iohn Sprint] 0.00.11 

Io. Sprint : Considerations and Arguments [1 607] 

touching the poynts in difference between the 
godly ministers and people of the Church of 
England; and the seduced brethren, of the 
Separation. [London.] 

[I have it, as cited in full to be replied to, 
by Henry Ainsworth.] 

363. [The morality of law] . 00 . 06 

364. [Cases of Conscience by Per] . 01 . 00 

W. Perkins: The whole treatise of the 1608 

Cases of Conscience, distinguished into three 
bookes, etc. Cambridge, 8°. 

B. M. [4406. cc] 

365. [Discouery of famyly of love] . 00 . 06 

? Io. Rogers : The Displaying of an horrible 1579 

secte of grosse and wicked Heretiques, naming 
themselues the Familie of Loue, with the Hues 
of their Authours, and what doctrine they teach 
in corners, etc. London, 8°. 

366. [Sermon of repentance] . 00 . 06 

?R. Mauericke: The Practice of Repent- 1617 

ance, or a sermon [on Jer. iv. 14] etc. Lon- 
don, 4°. 

B. M. [4473. aaa. 24.] 

367. [Sermon at Paules Crosse] 0.00.06 

[Impossible to identify.] 

368. [Sibbs spirituall maxims] . 00 . 09 

R. Sibbes : The Spirituall-Mans Aime. 1637 

Guiding a Christian in his Affections and 
actions, through the sundry passages of this 
life, etc. London, 12°. 

369. [Memorable conceits] 0.01.00 

Memorable Conceits of Divers Noble and fa- 1 602 

mous personages of Christendom of this our 
modern time. London, 12°. [Hazlitt's Hand- 
book, etc. (1867) p. 96.] 

37C. [God & the Kinge] . 00 . 04 

[R. Mockett] : God and the king: or, a 1615 

Dialogue shewing that our Soveraigne Lord 
King lames being immediate under God within 
his Dominions, doth rightfully claime whatso- 
ever is required by the Oath of Allegiance. 
London, 8°. B. M. [1139. b. 2.] 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 79 

£ S. d. 

371. [Smyth on Riddle of Nebuchudnez.] . . . 0.00.08 

Henry Smith : Three Sermons : The Pride, 1591 

the Fall, and the Restitution of King Nebu- 
chadnezzar. London, 12 m °. 

B. M. [4474. a. 21 ; b. 102 (2.) ; a. 24.] 

372. [Estey on Comand n,s & 51 st Psalm] . . . . 0.01.00 

Geo : Estey : Certaine godly and learned 1603 

Expositions upon divers parts of Scripture, etc. 
[Psa. 51 ; The Ten Commandments, etc.] 
London, 4°. B. M. [3127. d.] 

373. [Christians dayly walk] . 01 . 06 

Hy. Scudder: The Christians Daily Walke, [1620] 

in holy security and peace. London, 12°. 
B. M. [4402. b.] [6 th ed. 1635.] 

374. [Exposicon of 11 & 12 Reuelaeon] . . . . 0.00.06 

? Th. Taylor : Christs Victorie over the 1633 

Dragon ... in a plaine . . . Exposition of 
the 12 chapter of S. Iohns Revelation, etc. 
London, 4°. 

375. [Treatise of English medicines] . 00 . 06 

[T. Bedford]: A Treatise: wherein is de- 1615 

clared the sufficiencie of English Medicines for 
the cure of all diseases cured with medicine : 
Whereunto is added a collection of Medicines 
growing . . . within our English climat, etc. 
London, 8°. B. M. [1038. d. 36. (5.)] 

376. [A dialogue of desiderias] 0.00.06 

A Dialogue or Discourse, passing betweene 1611 

Desiderius and Miles Micklebound, by occasion 
of their old love and new meeting, [n. pi.] 8°. 
[This is really, I suppose, a duplicate of No. 
353, ante; being the sub-title of that which 
would appear to be the title of the book, if the 
first two leaves had been torn off.] 

377. [A supplycacon to the King] . 00 . 06 

? [H. Iacob] : To the right High and Mightie, 1609 

lames, etc. An humble Supplication for Tol- 
eration and libertie to enjoy and observe the 
ordinances of Christ Iesvs in th' administration 
of his Churches in lieu of humane constitutions, 
etc. [n. pi.] 4°. B. M. [4135. a.] 

378. [Abba father] 0.00.06 

Elnat. Parr: Abba Father: or a plaine ... 1618 



80 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

£ s. d. 
Direction concerning the framing of private 
prayer, etc. London, 12°. 

B. M. [4403. e.] [5 th ed. 1636.] 
Prince Lib. [44.8.] [in Works, 1631.] 

379. [Abrahams tryall discourse] . 01 . 00 

? J. Calvin: Seven sermons on Abrahams 1592 

trial], faith and obedience in offering his son 
Isaack, etc. [Ames. iii. 1809.] 

380. [Jacobbs ladder] 0.01.06 

Hy. Smith: lacobs Ladder, or the High 1595 

Way to Heaven, etc. [Sermon on 1 Cor. ix. 
24.] London, 8°. B. M. [4474. b. 74.] 

381. [Perkins of Imagina] 0.00.06 

W. Perkins : A Treatise of mans Imagina- [1 608] 

tions, shewing, his natural evill thoughts ; his 
want of good thoughts ; the way to reforms 
them. London, 8°. 

382. [Burton Christl question] . 00 . 06 

? W™ : Burton : Certain Questions and An- 1 602 

swers concerning the Attributes of God, etc. 
London, 4°. 

383. [A toyle for 2 legged foxes] . 00 . 06 

J. B[axter] : A Toile for two-legged Foxes 1600 

. . . for encouragement against all Popish 
practises. London, 8°. B. M. [874. d. 28.] 

384. [A cordiall for comfort] . 0.00.06 

W? Chibald: A Cordiall of Comfort: to 1625 

preserve the heart from fainting with Grief or 
Feare, etc. London, 12°. 

B. M. [4405. aa.] 

385. [Zacheus conuersion] 0.02.01 

Jo. Wilson : Zacheus converted, or the Rich 1 631 

Publicans Repentance. Restitution. In which 
the Mysteries of the Doctrine of Conversion 
are laid open. Also of Riches . . . their get- 
ting, keeping, expending, etc. London, 12°. 
# il£ [873. b. 32.] 

386. [Spirituall touchstone] 0.00.03 

The Tovchstone of the reformed Gospel. [1621] 

In confirmation of the catholick doctrine. The 
last ed. [London], 12°. 

Prince Lib. [70. a. 29„] 

387. [Dearmies advantage] ......... 0. 00. 06 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 81 

£ s. d. 

388. [Englands summons] . 00 . 06 

Tho: Sutton: Englands Summons : a Ser- 1613 

mon [on Hosea iv. 1-3]. London, 8°. 

B. M. [4474. b. 98.] 

389. [Burton wooing his Church] . 00 . 04 

We. Burton: God wooing his Church: two 1602 

sermons, etc. London, 4°. [Bodleian."] 

390. [Goulden key] . 00 . 04 

A Golden Key openinge the locke to Eternal 1 609 

Happynes. [Arber, Stat. Reg. iii. 399.] 

391. [A remedy against famine & warr] . . . . 0.00.06 

Jo. Udall: The true remedie against famine [1587] 

and warres, [five sermons upon the 1- Chapter 
of the prophesie of Ioel] etc. London, 12°. 
B. M. [4452. b.] 

392. [Treatise against popery] 0.01.00 

? Tho. Stoughton : A generall treatise against 1598 

poperie, etc. Cambridge, 8°. 

B. M. [3932. b.] 

393. [Treatise of Gods religion] . 00 . 08 

? ? R. Fills: History and Statutes of Geneva, 1622 

etc. . . . whereby Gods religion is most purelie 
maintained, etc. London, 8°. 

B. M. [1127. b. 22.] 

Taking advantage of the vagueness of Entry No. 318 [a "bundle of 
small books and papers "], it may be said that there were no fewer than 
400 separate books in this library at the time of Elder Brewster's de- 
cease ; as many as 393 being separately and distinctly catalogued, 

four of which had second volumes, making 397 in all, besides the 
"bundle" aforesaid. 

Of these — throwing out thirty, the size of which remains undesig- 
nated, and sixteen, which I have thus far failed to identify — we have, 
in size, as follows : Folios, 48 ; Quartos, 177 ; Octavos et infra, 121. 

As to language they divide as follows: In Latin, 62; in English, 
302. 

As to subject, without being specially exact in cases where a given 
volume would classify almost equally well under more than one head, 
I find: Expository, 98; Doctrinal, 63; Practical religious, 69; His- 
torical, 24; Ecclesiastical, 36; Philosophical, 6; Poetical, 14; Mis- 
cellaneous, 54. I seem to find thirteen duplicates, suggesting the question 
whether it may not have been possible that this library — certainly one 
of extraordinary size and quality in those days to be collected and owned 

11 



82 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

by a single member of such a church, in such a primitive community and 
colony — had at least some small relation to the general wauts, and may 
not have been intended, in part, for the general use. 

To me, however, the most significant fact about the library is con- 
nected with the date of publication of a considerable portion of its con- 
stituent volumes. I am ready to concede all that may reasonably be 
claimed to the credit of uncertainties. I may, in a few instances, have 
mistaken one book for another of nearly the same title. Or volumes 
which I have only been able to trace in late dates may possibly, in rare 
cases, have existed in earlier editions, to some one of which the Elder's 
copy may have belonged. But, making all just allowance for every 
such source of error, I am still prepared to submit that the evidence of 
the dates of these works throws an extraordinary and very interesting 
light upon Elder Brewster's character as a man of books, and upon the 
Old Colony in its first generation as a place of books. 

Mr. Brewster could not, of course, have brought over with him in 
the "Mayflower" any volume of a date later than August, 1620. Of 
the whole 393, I throw out, as being of unknown date, or as being un- 
recognized altogether, 23, leaving 370. Of these 281 — or roughly 75 
per cent — bear date in or before 1620, and 89 — or very nearly 25 per 
cent — bear date after 1 620. Or, to take the trouble to arrange them 
exactly, — it being remembered that a perfect assurance of accuracy is 
lacking in the case of six or seven, — we have them printed and issued 
as follows, namely: In 1621, 8; in 1622, 10; in 1623, 5; in 1624, 6; 
in 1625, 13; in 1626,1; in 1627,6; in 1628, 2; in 1629, 4; in 1630,2; 
in 1631, 4; in 1632, 4; in 1633, 4; in 1634, 4; in 1635, 2; in 1636, 
3; in 1637, 3 ; in 1638, 5; in 1640, 1 ; in 1641, 1 ; in 1643, 1. This 
gives us the remarkable fact that in only two of the years which the 
Elder spent in Plymouth before his last — namely, 1639 and 1642 — 
did he fail to avail himself of some of the freshest literature of the 
fatherland. 

A few words ought to be devoted to the general character of this 
collection. 

It contained four books by John Robinson [106, 118, 165, 291] ; 
and eleven [64, 83, 186, 197, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295], printed 
in Leyden [1617-19], by Mr. Brewster himself. It needs not be said 
that it was a solid one, in more senses than one. Whoever undertook, 
whether by land or water, to transport its forty-eight folios and one 
hundred and seventy-seven quartos — to say nothing of the one hundred 
and twenty-one of smaller size — from Plymouth to the Elder's sub- 
urban residence in Duxbury, must have found it, for wain or wherry, a 
heavy job. 

As I have intimated, it was most largely an expository collection. 
Now, the great and regnant fact about the Plymouth Colonists was that 



1889.] ELDER BREWSTER'S LIBRARY. 83 

they believed the Bible to be God's book for man's guidance, and that 
man's first duty is to understand, that he may be obedient to it. In 
their day it had not long been a common thing tor common men to have 
a Bible, and to feel that they had any personal duty of studying, that 
they might practise, its precepts. Hence the great function of the pulpit 
in those days was felt to be to explain to the people the Word of God. 
Of John Cotton, Cotton Mather says : 1 — 

" Here [in Boston] in an Expository way, he went over [between 1633 
and 1652] the Old Testament once, and a Second Time as far as the Thir- 
tieth Chapter of Isaiah; and the whole New Testament once, and a Second 
time, as far as the Eleventh Chapter to the Hebrews. Upon Lord's Days 
and Lecture-Days, he Preached thorow the Acts of the Apostles; the Prophe- 
sies of Haggai and Zechariah ; the Books of Ezra, the Revelation, Ecclesi- 
astes, Canticles, Second and Third Epistles of Iohn, the Epistle to Titus, 
both Epistles to Timothy; the Epistle to the Romans; with innumerable 
other Scriptures on Incidental Occasions." 

The Pilgrim was the Puritan in his superlative degree, and it is not 
to be thought likely that Pilgrim Plymouth would fall behind Puritan 
Boston in this thing. It might, therefore, be assumed that Elder Brew- 
ster — upon whom, in the failure of " Mr. Crabe " to accompany the 
expedition, devolved, in theory as well as practice, at first, and in prac- 
tice largely for many years, the care of the pulpit — would not fail to 
supply himself with the necessary helps of an exegetical character. 
We accordingly find in this collection, as follows, namely : Commen- 
taries upon the whole Bible, 2 ; upon the whole New Testament, 6 ; 
upon the Four Gospels, 3 ; upon the Pentateuch, 1 ; upon the Prophets, 
generally, 1 ; upon Genesis, 3 ; upon Joshua, 1 ; upon Judges, 1 ; upon 
1 Samuel, 1 ; upon the Psalms, 8 ; upon Proverbs, 1 ; upon Ecclesiastes, 
3 ; upon the Song of Solomon, 1 ; upon Isaiah, 4 ; upon Jeremiah, 1 ; 
upon Lamentations, 2 ; upon Ezekiel, 1 ; upon Daniel, 3 ; upon Hosea, 
1 ; upon Matthew, 1 ; upon Luke, 1 ; upon the Gospel of John, 1 ; upon 
the Epistle to the Romans, 5 ; upon 1 Corinthians, 3 ; upon 2 Corin- 
thians, 1 ; upon Ephesians, 2 ; upon Colossians, 1 ; upon 1 Thessalo- 
nians, 1 ; upon 2 Thessalonians, 1 ; upon 2 Timothy, 1 ; upon Titus, 1 ; 
upon Hebrews, 1 ; upon James, 1 ; upon 1 Peter, 1 ; upon 1 John, 1 ; 
upon Jude, 1 ; upon the Apocalypse, 2 ; upon brief special passages, 26. 
There was also [98] Cotton's Concordance, in two folio volumes. 

It is my strong impression that it is very doubtful whether, for its 
first quarter-century, New England anywhere else had so rich a collec- 
tion of exegetical literature as this. Nor did the Elder depend, by any 
means, wholly upon the judgment of others as to what the Word of God 
meant. He had a Hebrew grammar [59], with Morelius's Latin, Greek, 

1 Magnalia, iii. 23. 



84 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

and English dictiouary [62], and Buxtorfs Hebrew and Chaldee Lexi- 
con [63], — tools which he had learned to handle at Peterhouse. 

That the Elder did not, however, confine himself wholly to the ruts 
of theology, is suggested in that he took pains to have at his hand in 
the Plymouth woods, Lambert of Avenna's treatise " Of the Wyll of 
Man " [3] ; " Les Six Livres de la Republique " of the great French 
jurist Jean Bodin, in Knolles's English as "The Six Bookes of a Com- 
monweale " [92] ; Sir Thomas Smith's " Cotnmonwelth of England & 
maner of Government thereof" [355]; Lord Bacon's "Twoo Bookes, 
of the proficience and advancement of Learning, divine and humane " 
[260] ; his " Apologie, in certaine Imputations concerning the late Earle 
of Essex " [316] ; and his " Declaration of the Practices and Treasons 
of the Earle of Essex " [229] ; " The Problemes of Aristotle " [303] ; 
"The Princeps of Macchiavelli" [50] ; Geffray Mynshul's " Essayes 
and Characters of a Prison, and Prisoners " [224] ; with Sir Walter 
Raleigh's " Prerogative of Parliaments in England " [277]. And it is 
interesting to note how, for natural science and practical needs, he 
brought with him — for, by their dates, he could have brought them 
with him, — Keckerman's " Systema Geographicum " [44] ; Archb. Ab- 
bot's " Briefe Description of the whole world " [337] ; John Smith's 
" Description of New England " [8] ; the " New Herball " of Bembert 
Dodoens [85] ; Rathbone's " Surveyor " [94] ; and John Norden's 
" Surveyor's Dialogue . . . very profitable for all men to peruse, that 
have to do with the revenues of land, or occupation thereof " [212] ; 
Standish's "New Directions ... for the increasing of Timber and 
Firewood, with the least waste and losse of ground " [232] ; De Serres's 
" Perfect use of Silkwormes and their benefit " [235] ; and Bedford's 
" Sufficiencie of English Medicines for the cure of all diseases cured 
with Medicine" [375]. 

In poetry this collection cannot be called strong. It had the fulsome 
and clumsy Latin strains in which the Rev. Dr. Francis Herring cele- 
brated the gracious advent of King James [67] ; and it had Ains- 
worth's amazing Psalmody [76], and Henoch Clapham's still more 
astounding verse, " A Briefe of the Bible " [325], of which I cite one 
stanza [p. 29] : — 

"Their names were thus, Reuben and Simeon, 
Then Levi, Iudah, Dan, and Naphtali, 
Gad, Asher, lssachar, Zebulon, 
Joseph and Beniamin : This Joseph enviously 
Was of his Brethren sold to .(Egypt Land, 
Where Joseph was advaunst by God his hand." 

In W. Hornby's "Scourge of Drunkennes (in verse)" [215], I im- 
agine that this library had the seed of what is commonly now called 



1889.] SOME BEIEPS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 85 

Temperance literature. It looks a little as if it had one tragedy called 
" Messalina" [107] ; and, with two or three ballads and broadsides [210, 
230, 236, 273], it had Braithwait's " Description [in verse] of a Good 
Wife" [297], and a couple of volumes of George Wither [231, 256]; 
one of which [231] had that motto, " nee habeo, nee careo, nee euro," 
to which John Winthrop referred in his letter to Sir William Springe 
[Life and Letters, i. 396], where he called Wither "our modern spirit 
of poetry." 

In the line of exceedingly miscellaneous, it had Thomas Lupton's 
" Thousand Notable Things of sundrie sorts. Whereof some are won- 
derfull, some strange, some pleasant, divers necessary, a great sort 
profitable, and many verie precious," etc. [206]. 

I have not discovered among these books a single volume identical 
with either of the nine-and-thirty which [Life, ii. 438] Governor 
Winthrop presented to Harvard College on its first Commencement 
in 1642. 

I had in mind some endeavor to compare Brewster's collection in 
size and quality with those of the earliest worthies of the other New 
England colonies ; but the subject so outruns my knowledge that it 
must be left to more competent scholars. 

Mr. Winsoe presented the following paper : — 

List of some Briefs in Appeal Causes tried before the Lords Commis- 
sioners of Appeals of Prize Causes of his Majesty's Privy Council 
which relate to America, 1736-1758. By Paul Leicester Foed. 

The lack of material for the study and history of American trade 
and commerce before the Revolution is so great that it hardly requires 
mention. In the writings of Charles Davenant, Josiah Child, Joshua 
Gee, William Douglas, John Ashley, Edmund Burke, Adam Smith, 
and in a few fugitive pamphlets is more or less matter on this subject, 
but it is at best imperfect and fragmentary. Yet this topic is not only 
important from an economic point of view, but equally so for the history 
of the causes of our Revolution ; for the trade restrictions and Admiralty 
Courts on the one side, and the illicit trading and nullification of the 
English trade laws on the other side, were a most important element in 
the origin of that war. 

In the library of Mr. Gordon L. Ford, of Brooklyn, New York, are 
two volumes of practically unknown papers which throw much light on 
this subject. Originally belonging to Chief Justice William Lee and 
Sir George Lee, members of the Privy Council, they consist, for the 
most part, of the printed briefs in marine cases arising in the French 
and Spanish War of 1739-1748, appealed from the Admiralty Courts 



86 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

in England or in the English colonies to that portion of the Privy 
Council severally described as the " Lords Commissioners for Appeals 
in Prize Causes," the " Committee of his Majesty's • most Honourable 
Privy Council for Affairs of the Plantations," or the " Lords Com- 
missioners for hearing Appeals from the Plantations in America in 
Cause of Prize." As in appeal cases now, only enough 'of these 
briefs were printed to give the Commissioners and the opposing ad- 
vocates each a copy ; and this probably limited the edition to a dozen 
or fifteen copies, which sufficiently accounts for their rarity and neglect 
as historical matter. In these legal arguments and statements, how- 
ever, is a great mass of American naval and commercial history ; and 
these particular copies are given especial value by many long notes 
of the two Lees, giving their opinions, the positions of the different 
members of the Privy Council, and also the decisions of that body. 

To make these papers better known I have prepared a list of all 
that treat of American trade, to which I have added a few notes. The 
titles are taken from the printed endorsements, which in each case is 
given in full and lined as printed. In a number of the briefs the 
dates have been left blank, and in others have been filled in with ink, 
which in this list are bracketed and printed in italics. The arrange- 
ment is by the ship in question, and chronologically by the date as 
written by the Lees. All matter in the notes in quotation is taken 
from their manuscript notes. 

1736. Ship Victoet. Solomon de Medina Mosesson, | and Oth- 
ers, | Appellants. | Matthew Norris, Esq ; and | Edward Greenly, Esq ; 
his | Majesty's Proctor, | Respondents. | The Appellants Case, j On 
the hearing of this Appeal before the | Kight Honourable the Lords 
Com- 1 missioners for hearing Appeals from the | Plantations in America, 
in Causes of | Prize; on the 2d Day of February, 1736, | at in 

the [Signed] J. Strange, W. Strahan. Fo. pp. 4. 

This ease involved only part of the cargo of the ship, which was captured and 
carried into New York, but was afterwards released. 

New-York. | Solomon Medina Moses- 1 son, and Others, | Appellants. | 
Matthew Norris, Esq ; Respondent. | The Respondent's Case. | To be 
Heard before the Lords Com.- 1 missioners of Appeals in Prize Causes, | 
on Wednesday the 2d. of February, | at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon, 
at | the Cockpit, Whitehall. [Signed] G. Paul, J. Andrew. Fo. pp. 3. 

Solomon Medina, and others Appellants. | Capt. Matthew Norris 
Respondent. | Reasons humbly offered on the Part of the | Appel- 
lants, in Support of the Jurisdiction of the | Right Honourable the 
Lords Commissioners for | hearing Appeals from the Plantations in 
Ame-|rica, in Causes of Prize. [Signed] Will. Strahan. J. Strange. 
Fo. pp. 3. 



1889 ] SOME BRIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 87 

1743. Ship Le Grand Juste. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | 
Peter Vincent Duplessis Master of | the French Ship Le Grand Juste, | 
taken by his Majesty's Ship of | War the Success, Bradwarden | Thomp- 
son, Esq ; Commander, | Appellant. | The said Bradwarden Thompson, | 
Esq; | Respondent. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before 
the Lords Commissioners | of Prizes, at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on | 
Tuesday the 17th Day of January 1743, at | Six of the Clock in the 
Evening. [Signed] W. Noel, W. Strahan, H. Edmunds. Fo. pp. 11. 

" Le Grand Juste" was, by the statement of its own officers, engaged in illicit 
trading with the port of Havana. In this it was detected, seized by the "Success," 
and carried into Boston, and there condemned. This is an appeal from the 
decision of that ViceAdmiralty Court. 

Peter Vincent Duplessis, late | Master of the pretended | French 
Ship, the Grand | Juste, | Appellant. | His Majesty's Procurator and | 
Bradwarden Thompson Esq ; | Commander of His Ma- 1 jesty's Ship 
of War the | Success, and the Officers | and Mariners on Board at | the 
time of the Capture, | Respondents. | The Respondents Case. | To 
be heard before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners for 
receiving Appeals in | Prize-Causes, at the Council Chamber, White- 1 
hall, Tuesday 17 January 1743, at Six in the | Evening. [Signed] 
G. Paul, W. Murray. Fo. pp. 4. 

1743. Ship La Sainte Rose. His Majesty's Proctor, on Behalf | 
of Thomas Greenville, Esq ; | Commander of His Majesty's Ship | of 
War the Romney, and the | Officers and Mariners belonging | to the 
said Ship, | Appellants. | Mary Catharine Marye Widow of | Thomas 
Planterose, and Ste-|phen Marye, Natives of France, | Inhabitants, 
pretended Owners | of the Ship La Sainte Rose, | otherwise Santa 
Rosa, | Respondents. | Et e contra. | The Case of the Appellants in 
the | said Original, and Respondents in | the said Cross Appeal. | To 
be Heard before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners of 
Prizes, at the | Council-Chamber in the Cockpit Whitehall, on | Satur- 
day the 5th day of November 1743 | at 10 of the Clock in the Fore- 
noon. [Signed] G. Paul, W. Murray, Ed. Simpson. Fo. pp. 4, 6. 

" La Sainte Rose," trading in the West Indies and New Orleans, was seized as a 
Spanish vessel, and condemned as such. The Appellants put forth the plea that 
she was French, and on that ground the case is appealed. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | Mary Catharine Marye, Widow | 
Planterose, and Stephen Marye, | Appellants. | Edward Greenly, 
Esq ; — Respondent. | The said Edward Greenly, Esq ; — Appel- 
lant. | The said Mary Catharine Marye, | Widow Planterose and 
Stephen | Marye, | Respondents. | The Case of the Appellants in 
the | First, and Respondents in the Second | Appeal. | To be Heard 
before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners of Prizes, 
at | the Council-Chamber in the Cockpit Whitehall, | on Saturday the 



88 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIET5T. [Oct. 

5 th Day of November 1743. at | 10 of the Clock in the Forenoon. 
[Signed] T. Clarke, J. Andrew. Fo. pp. 8 [2]. 

1743. Ship L'Hirondelle. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | 
Louis Roger, Master of the French Sloop called | L'Hirondelle, other- 
wise the Swallow, for | and on behalf of Petit de la Burthe | of Bour- 
deaux, Merchant, the Owner and | Proprietor of Bullion, to the Amount 
of | 77,982 Pieces of Eight, Two Bits and One | Half-bit, and also for 
and on behalf of | Gabriel Michel, of Nantes, Merchant, the | owner 
and Proprietor of Bullion, to the | Amount of 9,164 Pieces of Eight, 
seized on | board the said Sloop, | Appellant | Perry Maine, Esq; 
Commander of his Ma-jjesty's Ship of War the Orford, | Respon- 
dent. | The Case of the Appellants the said Petit | de la Burthe and 
Gabriel Michel. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Lee. Fo. pp. 7. 

" W. Murray " is stricken out with a pen. 

1744. Ship Charles. Before the Lords Commissioners for | 
Appeals in Prize Causes. | James Crokatt and others, Mer-| chants 
of London, Owners of | the Ship Charles, and of her | Cargo, taken by 
the Spaniards, | and retaken by two of his Ma- 1 jesty's Ships of War, | 
Appellants. | His Majesty's Procurator-General, j and Peter War- 
ren Esq ; and the | Hon. Henry Aylmer Esq ; , the | Commanders of 
his Majesty's | Ships which retook the said | Ship Charles, | Respon- 
dents. | The Appellants Case. | To be heard before the Right Hon- 
ourable the | Lords Commissioners for Appeals in Prize | Causes, at 
the Council-Chamber in the Cockpit | at Whitehall. [Signed] D. 
Ryder, W. Murray, Hen. Edmunds. Fo. pp. 3. 

The ship " Charles," trading between Charleston, South Carolina, and London, 
England, was captured by the Spaniards, and recaptured by English men of war. 
The question at issue was whether the ship was subject to salvage only, or was a 
true prize. 

James Crokatt, and others, Owners | of the Ship Charles, and her Car- 
go, | Appellants. | Edward Greenly, Esquire, his Ma- ! jesty's Procu- 
rator-General, Peter | Warren, Esquire, Commander of | his Majesty's 
Ship the Launceston, | and the Honourable Henry Aylmer, [ Esquire, 
Commander of his Ma-jjesty's Ship the Port-Mahon, and | the Offi- 
cers and Mariners belonging | to the said Ships, | Respondents. | 
The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes, at the Council- Chamber, | at the 
Cockpit, Whitehall, on the j day of 1743, at | 

o'clock in the noon. [Signed] G. Paul, Wm. Noel, Joh. Audley. 

Fo. pp. 3. 

1746. Ship La Fortune. Jamaica. | Lords Commissioners of 
Prizes. | Matthew Concannen, Esq; on the Be- 1 half of William 



1889.] SOME BRIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 89 

Chambers, Esq ; | Commander, and the rest of the Offi- 1 cers and 
Mariners of his Majesty's | Ship Montague, Captors of the | French 
Ship La Fortune, and the | said Captain Chambers, his Officers | and 
Mariners, | Appellants. | Stephen Croupier de Kandran, late | Com- 
mander of the said Ship La For- 1 tune, on the Behalf of himself and | 
Messieurs Surcouffs, de la Lanne | Magon, John, Anthony, and 
Henry | Loubier, and James Tessier, | Respondent. | The Appel- 
lants Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords | 
Commissioners of Prizes, at the Council- ■ Chamber at the Cockpit, 
Whitehall, on | the day of March, 1745, at of the | 

Clock in the Afternoon. [Signed] G. Paul, D. Ryder, Hen. Edmunds. 
Fo. pp. 7. 

" La Fortune," seized by the " Montague," was loaded with arms and ammu- 
nition for the Spanish American colonies. It was claimed that the vessel was 
French. 

1747. Ship Santa Rosa. Jamaica. | John Draper, Esq., the 
Commander, | and the Officers and Mariners of his | Majesty's Ship 
the Adventure, | Appellants. | Augustin Dupony, Supercargo of the | 
Santa Rosa, as a Subject of the King | of France, on Behalf of him- 
self, | and the pretended French Owners | of the said Ship and Cargo, | 
Respondent. | The Appellants Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes, at the Coun- 
cil Chamber | in the Cockpit, Whitehall, on [ Wednesday'] the [13th] \ 
day of [January] 174 [7], at [6] of the Clock in the Afternoon. 
[Signed] G. Paul, W. Murray, Hen. Edmunds. Fo. pp. 3. 

The " Santa Eosa," trading in the West Indies and Spanish Main, and loaded 
with Spanish goods, was seized by the " Adventure " man of war. The question 
at issue was the nationality of the ship. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | John Draper, Esq., Appellant. | 
Augustin Dupony, Respondent. | To be Heard before the Right 
Honourable the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing Prize-Appeals, 
at the | Council Chamber in the Cockpit, Whitehall, on | Monday, 
the 24th. day of February, 1745, at Six | o'clock in the Afternoon. 
[Signed] D. Ryder, Geo. Lee, Ed. Simpson. Fo. pp. 3. 

John' Draper, Esq ; Appellant. | Augustin Dupony, Respondent. | 
An Appendix to the Respondent's printed | Case. J Containing the 
Proofs and Exhibits on | both Sides. Fo. pp. 7. 

1748. Ship Carl Hendrick Wrangel. Lords Commissioners 
of Appeal | for Prizes. | Peter Rowland, Commander of | the Pri- 
vate Ship of War, | called the Hillary, | Appellt. | Rasmus Boo, 
Master of the Ship Carl Hendrick Wrangel, | on behalf of himself, 
and | Olof Wengren, Nicholas Jacob- | son, and others, Inhabi- 1 tants 
of Sweden, Owners of | the said Ship | Resp". | Case on behalf of 

the I Respondents. [Signed] Wm. Noel, Ed. Simpson. Fo. pp. 4. 

12 



90 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

A Swedish ship, trading between Cadiz and Vera Cruz. The captor claimed 
that she was loaded with arms and ammunition, and was therefore forfeited, and, 
the Vice-Admiralty Court condemned her. The Claimant states that the arms, 
etc. were part of her outfit, and that her cargo was non-forfeitable. 

Appendix. Fo. pp. 3. 

Peter Rowland, Commander of the | Private Sloop of War The 
Hillary, | for and on behalf of himself, his | Officers and Mariners, I 
Captor and | Appellant. | Rasmus Boo, Master of the Ship | Carl 
Hindrick Wrangel, | Claimant and | Respondent. | Pedro Bruels, 
a Native and Inhabit- 1 ant of Bremen, Clerk of the said | Swedish 
Ship Carl Hindrick Wran-jgel, | Claimant and | Appellant. | Peter 
Rowland, Commander of the | said Private Sloop of War, The | Hil- 
lary, | Captor and | Respondent. | The Captor and Appellant's Case. 
To be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords | Commission- 
ers of Prizes, at the Council-Chamber — at the Cockpit, Whitehall, 
on the | Day of 1747. [Signed] W. Murray, 

R. Jenner. Fo. pp. 7. 

" The Lords after much debate and consideration reversed the sentence and 
condemn'd the Ship &c. July 14 th 1748." 

1748. Ship Sodth Kingston. Rhode Island. | Benjamin Has- 
sard, and Others, Appellants. | John Rous, Respondent. | Et e con- 
tra. | The Case of the said Benjamin Hassard, | and others, Appel- 
lants in the Original, | and Respondents in the Cross-Appeal. | To 
be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords | of the Committee 
of his Majesty's most Ho-|nourable Privy Council, at the Council 
Chamber | at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on the | Day of 

1748, at of the Clock in | the noon. [Signed] Wm. Noel, 

A. Hume Campbell. Fo. pp. 3. 

The " South Kingston," owned in Newport, was captured by an English pri- 
vateer while trading between that port and Hispaniola, and was carried into 
Charleston, where she was condemned. 

1748. Ship La Marquise d'Antin. In the Admiralty. | 
Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | In the Matter of the Ship La 
Marquise | d'Antin. | James Talbott, Commander of the | Prince 
Frederick Privateer, and | John Morecock, Commander of | the Duke 
Privateer, | Captors and | Appellants. | Edward Gibbon, Joseph Tay- 
lor, | and Edward Elliston, Esqs. and | Esther Gibbon, Spinster, Exec- 
utors | of Edward Gibbon, Esq ; deceased, | and Others, | Claimants | 
and | Respondents. | The Appellants Case. | To be Heard before 
the Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes at the 
Council Chamber, | at the Cockpit, at Whitehall, on the | 

day of 1746, at o'Clock in the Afternoon. [Signed] 

W. Murray, J. Andrew, Geo. Lee, Ed. Simpson, Cha. Pinfold, Rob. 
Jenner. Fo. pp. 7. 



1889.] SOME BBIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 91 

This ship, loaded in the name of Spanish agents by English merchants, and 
sent on a smuggling voyage to the Spanish West Indies, was on her return trip 
captured, under French colors, by two English privateers, and condemned in the 
lower court as a Spanisli vessel. The case throws much light on the English 
and American illicit trading. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | James Talbot, and John More- 1 
cock, Esquires, | Appellants. | Edward Gibbon, Esq. and others 
Respondents. | The Respondent's Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes at the Council 
Chamber | at Whitehall. [Signed] G. Paul, D. Ryder, J. Audley, 
Hen. Edmunds, Jo. Taylor. Fo. pp. 8. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | In the Case of the Marquis | D'An- 
tin. | Appendix to the Respondents | printed Case. Fo. pp. 3. 

1748. Ship King's Meadow. Jamaica. | Catharine Mansfield, 
Widow | and Executrix of Thomas | Mansfield, deceased, | Appellant. | 
Against | Thomas Bontein, Esquire, | Naval Officer for the | Island of 
Jamaica, | Respondent. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before 
a Committee of Council, | at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on the | 

Day of , 1748, at | o'Clock in the noon. 

[Signed] D. Ryder, W. Murray. Fo. pp. 3. 

The " King's Meadow," built at Boston, New England, sailed under the as- 
sumed name of the "Young Catherine," and by means of false Dutch papers pro- 
cured a cargo of wine at Teneriffe. On her arrival at Jamaica, however, having 
thrown overboard her true English papers, she was seized and condemned by 
the Port authorities. 

Jamaica. | Mansfield against Bontein, | Gray and Maynard against 
Bontein, | Bradley against the Same, | and | Bennett against the Same, \ 
Touching Three several Seizures made by Mr. Bon- 1 tein, Naval 
Officer of Jamaica, of Three Ships, | called The King's Meadow, The 
Dolphin, and The | Mercury. | And | The Commissioners of Vict- 
ualling, Petitioners. | His Excellency Governor Trelawny, | and Mr. 
Bontein, | Respondents. | The Case of the Respondents to the above | 
Appeals and Petitions. | To be Heard before the Right Honour- 
able the Lords of | the Committee of His Majesty's Most Honourable | 
Privy-Council, on [Thursday'] the [12] Day of [May] | 1745, at 
[Six] o'clock in the [qfier]noon. [Signed] Wm. Noel, A. Hume- 
Campbell. Fo. pp. 11. 

The | Case | of the | Commissioners for Victualling His Majesty's | 
Navy ; relating to several Seizures | made of His Majesty's Stores by 
the | Naval Officer at Jamaica. | To be Heard before a Committee of 
Council, at the | Cockpit, Whitehall, on the | day of 

1748, at o'Clock | in the noon. [Signed] D. Ryder, W. 

Murray. Fo. pp. 3. 

Thomas Bontein, Esq ; Appellant. | Edward Trelawny. Esq ; Re- 
spondent. | The Respondent's Case, j To be Heard before the Right 



92 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

Honourable the Lords Com- j mittees of Council for Hearing Appeals 
from the | Plantations, on [Tuesday] the [18] Day of December j 
1753, at Six of the Clock in the Afternoon. [Signed] Rob. Henley, 
Al. Forrester. Fo. pp. 4. 

Jamaica. | Thomas Bontien, Esq ; Appellant. | Edward Trelawny 
Esq; Respondent. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords of | the Committee of his Majesty's most 
Honourable | Privy- Council, at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on [ Tuesday"] \ 
the [18] Day of [December 1753] at [6] of the | Clock in the 
noon. [Signed] Wm. Murray, C. Yorke. Fo. pp. 3. 

Appendix. | Being | An Abstract of several Acts of Trade | and 
Navigation ; and Copy of His | Majesty's Order in Council of the | 
24th. of December 1740. [Signed] Temple Stanyan. Fo. pp. 3. 

1749. Ship Notre Dame de Deliverance. Lords Com- 
missioners of Appeals. | Philip Durell, Esq ; and others Appellants. | 
William Bollan, Esq ; and others Respondents. | The | Case | of | 
Capt. John Wickham, and the Officers | and Mariners of his Majesty's 
Ship Lark ; | on a Motion that they may be admitted to in- j tervene 
for their Interest. | To be Heard before the Right Hon. the Lords 
Com- 1 missioners of Prizes, at the Council Chamber, | Whitehall, on 
Thursday, the 1st Day of March, | 1749. [Signed] A. Hume-Campbell, 
Richard Smalbroke. Fo. pp. 3. 

The " Notre Dame de Deliverance " sailed with relieving stores into Louis- 
bourg after its capture by the English fleet and New England army. The ship 
was declared the prize of the fleet, and the question at issue was whether the 
men of war forming part of the fleet, but then absent on duty, or the New England 
privateers were entitled to a share of the prize money. The briefs are full of 
history of the siege of Louisbourg. 

Appendix | to the | Printed Case | on | Behalf of the Officers, Sea- 
men and | Mariners of his Majesty's Ships the | Hector and Superbe. 
Fo. 1 1. 

Philip Durell, Esq; the Com-|mander and the Officers, Sea- 1 men 
and Mariners, of his | Majesty's Ship Chester ; | And | John Brett, 
Esq; the Com-lmander, Officers, Seamen, | and Mariners, of his 
Ma-ljesty's Ship Sunderland, | Appell* | William Bollan, Esq; and 
others, Respond"- | Case | on | Behalf of the Officers, Seamen, and 
Ma- 1 riners of his Majesty's Ships, the Hector | and Superbe. [Signed] 
A. Hume Campbell, Rich d Smalbroke. Fo. pp. 3. 

In the Matter of the Notre Dame de | Deliverance. | His Majesty's 
Ships the Chester ! and Sunderland, j Appellants. | His Majesty's Ships 
the Canter- j bury, Vigilant, Princess Mary, | and Mermaid, | and | The 
Boston Paquet Privateer, | Respondents and | Appellants by Ad-| 
hesion to the Ap-|peal of the Chester j and Sunderland. | The 
Shirley, Molineux, and | Tartar Privateers, | Respondents. | The Case 



1889.] SOME BRIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 93 

of the said Four Ships of War | the Canterbury, Vigilant, Princess 
Mary, | and Mermaid. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the Lords | Commissioners of Appeals in Prize Causes, | at' the Cock- 
pit, Whitehall, on Thursday the 3d | Day of May 1750 at of the 
Clock in the | Afternoon. [Signed] Geo. Hay, Paul Jodrell. Fo. 
pp. 7. 

The "Boston Packet," "Shirley," and "Molyneux" were fitted out by 
Massachusetts ; the " Tartar " by Rhode Island. They are, however, always 
spoken of as " Privateers " or " Private armed ships." 

Notre Dame de Deliverance. | The | Case | of | Three of the Re- 
spondents, viz. | John Rouse, Commander of the private | Ship of 
War, the Shirley, | Jonathan Snelling, Commander of the | private 
Ship of War, the Molineux, | And | Daniel Fones, Commander of the 
pri- 1 vate Ship of War, the Tartar. | To be heard before the Right 
Honourable the | Lords Commissioners for Appeals in Prize | Causes, 
at the Council Chamber, at White- 1 hall, on Thursday the 3d Day of 
May, 1750, | at Six of the Clock in the Evening. [Signed] W. Noel, 
Rob. Jenner. Fo. pp. 13. 

Appendix | to the | Case of the Respondents, | John Rouse, Com- 
mander of the private Ship | of War, the Shirley, | Jonathan Snelling, 
Commander of the private | Ship of War, the Molineux, and, | Daniel 
Fones, Commander of the private Ship | of War, the Tartar. Fo. 
pp. 7. 

Notre Dame de la Deliverance. | Lords Commissioners of Ap-| 
peals in Prize-Causes. | The Commanders and Officers of | his Maj- 
esty's Ships Chester | and Sunderland, | Appellants. | His Maj- 
esty's Ships Mermaid, | Canterbury, Vigilant, and | Princess Mary, 
and Four | Privateers, | Respondents. | The Appellants Case. | To 
be Heard before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners of 
Appeals in Prize- j Causes, at the Council-Chamber, Whitehall, on | 
Thursday the 3d of May, 1750, at Six of the | Clock in the Evening. 
[Signed] G. Paul, W. Murray, Geo. Lee. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | The Ship Notre Dame de De- 
liverance. | Philip Durell, Esq; and Others Appellants. | William 
Bolan, Esq; and Others, Respondents. | The Case of the Respondent 
William | Bolan, Esq; on behalf of the Officers | and Mariners on 
board the Boston | Paquet. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the Lords | Commissioners of Appeals in Prize Causes, | at the Cock- 
pit, Whitehall. [Signed] Charles Pinfold, C. York. Fo. pp. 4. 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | In the Case of Notre Dame | 
de Deliverance. | Appendix to the printed Case | of Capt. John 
Wickham. Fo. pp. 4. 

Notre Dame de Deliverance. | Philip Durell, Esq ; Commander | 
of his Majesty's Ship CheBter ; | and John Brett, Esq ; Com- 1 mander 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

of his Majesty's Ship | Sunderland ; and their Officers | and Mariners, 
respectively, at | the Capture of the above Ship | Appell"- William 
Bollan, Esq ; and others, — Respond"- | Case | On Behalf of the \ 
Massachusetts Frigate, Fame, and Caesar. [Signed] A. Hume-Camp- 
bell, Rich" Smalbroke. Fo. pp. 3. 

John Kerly the younger, Agent for the | Majority of the Com- 
mission, Warrant, | and Petty Officers, and for the Majority | of the 
Mariners, or Foremastmen of his | Majesty's Ship of War the Sunder- 
land, | John Brett, Esq; Commander, in relation | to the Notre Dame 
Deliverance, | Litant Master, a French Prize, taken | by his Majesty's 
said Ship the Sunderland, | and by his Majesty's Ship of War the | 
Chester, Philip Durell, Esq ; Commander, | Appellant. | Peter War- 
ren, Esq ; pretending to be Agent | of the Majority of the Commanders, 
and | others, Officers and Mariners of his Ma-|jesty's Ships of War the 
Sunderland and | Chester, the Captors of the said Prize, | Respondent. | 
The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes, at the Council- Chamber, | at the 
Cockpit, Whitehall, on Wednesday the 25th | Day of March, 1747. 
[Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Lee, Ch. Pinfold. Fo. pp. 7. 

John Kerly the Younger, Appellant. | Peter Warren, Esq ; — 
Respondent. | The Respondent's Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners of Prizes, at | Whitehall, 
on the \%5ih~\ Day of [March] 1746, at [Six] of the Clock in the 
After- | noon. [Signed] G. Paul, D. Ryder, Ed. Simpson, Rob. 
Jenner. Fo. pp. 7. 

There are two editions of this. There is a mistake in the first page of the 
case before sent, which is here corrected. 

Appendix | to the | Boston Packet's Printed | Case ; | containing, | 
Copies or Extracts of the Depositions | of several of the Witnesses 
exa-j mined in the Cause. Fo. pp. 12. 

It contains the affidavits of a number of New England men concerned in the 
Louisbourg Expedition, including those of Governor Shirley and William Pep- 
perell. In addition to the printed pieces given above, there are two in manu- 
script, being : " Notes of Dr. Pinfold and Mr. Yorke argum' to Prove the Boston 
Pacquet a Man of War " ; " Some Observations in respect to the Boston 
Pacquets Claim to Share as a Man of War." 

1749. Ship L 'Agatta. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | Arent 
Tuyn, and Others, Appellants. | George Walker and Others, | Re- 
spondents. | The Appellants Case. | To be Heard before the Right 
Honourable the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing Prize- Appeals, | 
at the Council-Chamber, at Whitehall. [Signed] D. Ryder, Ed. 
Simpson, Rob' Jenner. Fo. pp. 8. 

A Dutch ship, chartered by a Spanish firm and loaded with Spanish goods 
which she landed at Vera Cruz and Havana. On the homeward voyage she was 



1889.] SOME BRIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 95 

seized by four English privateers ; and the court, finding she sailed under a 
Spanish register, condemned her. 

In the Matter of the Ship L 'Agatha. | Arent Tuyn, the pretended 
Master of the Ship L 'A- 1 gatha, | Claimant | and | Appellant. | 
George Walker, Commander | of the private Ship of | War called the 
King | George ; and Others, Com- j manders of a Squadron | of British 
Privateers | called the Royal Family, [ Captors | and | Respondents. | 
The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honour- 
able the Lords | Commissioners of Prizes, at the Council-Chamber ! 
at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on [Thursday] the [SOth] \ Day of [No- 
vember] 1749, at six of the Clock in | the [after] noon. [Signed] 
W. Murray, Geo. Lee, Ch. Pinfold. Fo. pp. 7. 

L 'Agatta. | Appendix | to the | Respondents [i. e. Appellant's] 
printed Case ; | Containing | Copies of several of the Exhibits and | 
Depositions. Fo. pp. 11. 

1750. Ship St. Jan. Jan De Kok, Appellant. | James Purcell, 
and Others, Respondents. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard 
before the Lords Commissioners | of Appeals, on the day of 

[Signed] D. Ryder, Ed. Simpson. Fo. pp. 7. 

The ship " St. Jan " of Flushing was engaged in trade in the West Indies, and 
was seized under the suspicion of being Spanish. 

St. Christophers. | In the Matter of the Ship St. John of [ Flush- 
ing. | Jan de Kok, Appellant. | Richard Rowland, and Others, 
Respondents. | The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords Com- 1 missioners of Prizes, at the 
Council-Chamber at | the Cockpit, Whitehall, on [Thursday] the [22d] 
day of [Feb**] 1749, at [Six] of the Clock | in the noon. [Signed] 
W. Murray, Geo. Lee. Fo. pp. 7. 

" The Lords reversed the sentence, and decreed the Ship and Cargo to be 
restored to the Dutch owners." 

Appendix. Fo. pp. 3. 

1750. Ship Le Mentor. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | 
Mentor. | Polycarpus Taylor Esq; Com-|mander of His Majes- 
ty's | Ship the Fowey, on Behalf | of himself and other the | Officers 
and Mariners of the | said Ship the Fowey | Appellants. | James 
Ross and Thomas Seel | jun. and Company, Owners | of the Private 
Ship of War | the Thurloe. | Respondents. | The Appellants Case, j 
To be Heard before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners 
of Appeals in Prize | Causes, at the Council- Chamber at the | Cockpit, 
Whitehall, on [Thursday] the | [14th] Day of [June] 1740, at | 
o 'Clock in the [Signed] G. Paul, Geo. Lee, Ed. Simpson. 

Fo. pp. 4. 

The ship "Le Mentor" was forced to join an English convoy, just before the 
news of the declaration of war with France, lest she should carry the news of 



93 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

the convoy to France. In this position she was seized by the privateer " Thur- 
loe," which knew of the war being declared. The question at issue was whether 
the frigate " Fowey " had not already taken possession of her. 

Lords Commissioners of Appeals | in Prize Causes. | Le Mentor. | 
Polycarpus Taylor, Esq ; Com- ] mander of his Majesty's | Ship the 
Fowey, and his Of- 1 fleers, &c. | Appellants. | James Ross, and 
Others, the | Owners of the Thurloe Pri-jvateer, | Respondents.! 
The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the | Lords Commissioners of Appeals in Prize | Causes, at the Council 
Chamber, at | Whitehall. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 4. 

1750. Ship Hannah. In the Hannah of London. | Sabine 
Chandler of London, Mer-| chant, and Others, Owners of | the 
Hannah of London, Wm. | Fowler, Master, | Claimants | and | Ap- 
pellants. | James Powell, Commander of the | Private Ship of War 
the | Old Noll, | Captor | and | Respondent. | The Appellants Case. | 
To be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords | Commission- 
ers for Hearing Prize Appeals, | at the Council- Chamber, Whitehall, 
on | the day of 17 at I of the 

Clock in the noon. [Signed] G. Paul, A. Hume-Campbell. 

Fo. pp. 3. 

The " Hannah," trading from Jamaica to London, was captured by the Spanish, 
and shortly recaptured by the English. The question was whether the captors 
were entitled to salvage or prize money. 

The Hannah of London. [ Sabine Chandler, and [ others, | Appel- 
lants. | James Powell, Respondent. | The Respondent's Case. | To 
be Heard before the Right Honourable the | Lords Commissioners 
for receiving Appeals | in Prize-Causes, at the Council-Chamber, | at 
Whitehall. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Lee. Fo. pp. 3. 

1750. Ship San Francisco. Jamaica | Philip Wilkinson, and 
an- J other, | Appellants. | Moses Mendez, and Others, Respondents. | 
The Appellants Case. | To be heard before the Right Honourable | 
the Lords of the Committee of his Ma-|jesty's most Honourable Privy 
Council for | Affairs of the Plantations, at the Council- 1 Chamber in 
Whitehall. | [Signed] A. Hume-Campbell, Geo. Lee. Fo. pp. 4. 

Two privateers, the " Fame," of Rhode Island, and the " New Exchange," of 
Jamaica, signed papers for a joint cruise. The " Fame " was lost by running 
aground, but the crew were saved and taken on board the " Ne w Exchange," where 
they assisted in the capture of the " San Francisco," a Spanish vessel. The ques- 
tion at issue was whether the crew were entitled to a share in the prize. " The 
lords pronounced ag".' the Appellants and affirmed the decree given by the Chan- 
cellor of Jamaica." 

Jamaica. | Philip Wilkinson, and Daniel Ayrolt, Appellants. | 
Moses Mendes, Abraham Musquitta, | and Mary Edzor, | Respon- 
dents. | The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right 
Honourable the Lords of | His Majesty's Privy Council, at the Coun- 
cil- | Chamber, at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on [Tuesday] | the [fourth] 



1889.] SOME BKIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 97 

Day of [X»ec r ] 1748, at [6\] o' Clock in the noon. [Signed] 

D. Ryder, W. Murray, A. Hume-Campbell. Fo. pp. 7. 

A. Hume Campbell's name is struck out, and "1748" is altered to "1750" 
with a pen. 

1751. Ship Alexander the Great. Antigua. | Robert May- 
nard, Esq, Com- 1 mander of his Majesty's | Ship the Ipswich, | Captor | 
and | Appellant. | Warnaar Van Staaden, Com- 1 mander of the Ship 
Alex- 1 ander the Great, | Claimant | and | Respondent. | The Captor 
and Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the | Lords Commissioners of Prizes, at the | Council-Chamber at the 
Cockpit, Whitehall, | on Thursday the 14th Day of February 1750 | 
at Six of the Clock in the Afternoon. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Hay. 
Fo. pp. 7. 

" A. Hume Campbell " is substituted with a pen for " W. Murray," which is 
stricken out. The ship the Respondent claimed put into Martinique to refit only, 
but was seized by the English vessel. 

The Dutch Ship Alexander the Great. | Appendix | to the [ Re- 
spondent's Printed Case. | 

Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | Alexander the Great. | Thomas 
Maynard, Esq ; Appellant. | Warnard Van Staden, Respondent. | 
The said Warnard Van Staden, Appellant. | Thomas Maynard, Esq ; 
Respondent. | The Respondent's Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing Prize- 
Appeals, | at the Council Chamber at Whitehall. [Signed] W. Mur- 
ray, Geo. Lee. Fo. pp. 7. 

" The Lords affirmed the sentence of restitution, but without costs." Two 
editions, one being printed on only one side of the paper. 

1752. Ship Anna Maria St. Felix. Lords Commissioners for 
Appeals "in Prize-Causes. | Anna Maria y St. Felix. | Francis 
Molla, Master. | James Tierney, Merchant, Appellant, j Charles 
Knowles, Esq; and | others, | Respondents. | The Appellant's Case. ] 
To be Heard before the Right Honourable | the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Appeals in | Prize-Causes, at the Council-Chamber, | at 
Whitehall, on Thursday, the 12th of | March, 1752, at Six in the 
Afternoon. [Signed] W. Murray, G. Hay. Fo. pp. 5. 

The ship was captured while on a voyage from Carthagena and Havana to 
Spain, and after being gutted, was burned, twenty-six days after the signing of 
peace. The owners accordingly brought suit for the recovery of the destroyed 
and seized property. 

Anna Maria y St. Felix. | Francis Molla, Master. | James Tier- 
ney, Merchant, Appellant. | Charles Knowles, Esq ; | and others, | 
Respondents. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before the Right 
Honourable | the Lords Commissioners for Appeals in | Prize-Causes, 

13 



98 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

at the Council-Chamber at | Whitehall, on Thursday 20 Feb, 1752, at | 
Six in the Evening. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 4. 

Anna Maria y St. Felix. | Francis Molla, Master. | Case on the 
Behalf of the | Captains Toll and Pawlett, two | of the Respondents. | 
To be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners 
for Appeals in Prize-Causes, at the | Council-Chamber at Whitehall, 
on Thursday j 1752, at Six in the Evening. [Signed] 

Charles Pinfold. Fo. pp. 3. 

Anna Maria y St. Felix. | Francis Molla, Master. | James Tier- 
ney, of London, Merchant, | in behalf of the said Francis Molla, | the 
Master of the said Ship, and of | Don Libino Bernardo Vanden- 1 
brouke, of Cadiz, in the Kingdom of | Spain, Merchant, and Others, 
Sub- 1 jects of the King of Spain, the Own- 1 ers and Proprietors of the 
said Ship, | her Tackle, Apparel, and Furniture, | and of the several 
Goods, Wares, and | Merchandizes, laden on board the | same, at 
the time of her being taken | and seized, | Claimant | and | Appel- 
lant. | Rear- Admiral Charles Knowles, Esq; | Polycarpus Taylor, 
David Brodie, | and Edward Clarke, Esqrs. | Captors | and | Respond- 
ents. | The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right Hon- 
ourable the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing Appeals in Prize- 1 
Causes, on Thursday the 12th of March, 1752, | at Six o'Clock in the 
Afternoon. [Signed] A. Hume-Campbell, R. Smalbroke. Fo. pp. 3. 

Appendix | to the | Printed Case in the Prize- Appeal | Relating to 
the | Polacra Anna Maria y St. Felix. Fo. pp. 7. 

1752. Ship Vretheit. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | De 
Vreyheyd. | Hendrick Vos, Appellant. | Nathaniel Richards, Esquire, 
Respondent. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard before the 
Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing Prize- 
Appeals, | at the Council-Chamber at Whitehall. [Signed] A. Hume- 
Campbell, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 7. 

This Dutch vessel sailed from Amsterdam for St. Eustatia and Curacoa, but 
was compelled by accident to put into Martinique, where she was forced to sell 
her cargo by the French Governor. On putting to sea she was seized by two 
privateers and carried into Antigua, and there condemned ; but the decision was 
reversed on appeal. 

Before the Lords Commissioners for Appeals | in Prize-Causes. | 
The Vreyheit. | Hendrick 'Vos, the | Master, | Appellant. | Na- 
thaniel Richards, | and Philip Basse, | Respondents. | The Respond- 
ents Case. | To be Heard at the Council-Chamber at | Whitehall, 
on Thursday, 30 April, 1752, | at Six in the Afternoon. [Signed] 
W. Murray, R. Smalbroke. Fo. pp. 7. 

1752. Ship Cathekina. Lords Commissioners of Prizes. | The 
Catharina, a Dutch Ship. | John Paasch, Master of the Ship 



1889.] SOME BRIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 99 

Ca-|tharina, | Appellant. | John Sweet, Commander of the Defiance 
Privateer, | Respondent. | The Appellant's Case. | To be Heard 
before the Right Honourable the Lords Com- j mission ers of Prizes, at 
the Council-Chamber, at | the Cockpit, Whitehall, on Thursday the 
11th Day | of June 1752, at 6 o'Clock in the Afternoon. [Signed] 
A. Hume-Campbell, Ed. Simpson. Fo. pp. 4. 

The " Catherina " was built in the Bermudas, but was soon sold to a resident 
of Curacoa, who employed her in trade between that island and the Spanish 
main. She was captured by the Rhode Island private armed ship the " De- 
fiance," which carried her into Newport, where she was condemned. " The Lords 
reversed the sentence of condemnation." 

Rhode-Island. | In the Matter of the Sloop | Catharina. | John 
Paas, Commander of the | Sloop Catharina, | Claimant | and | Ap- 
pellant. | John Sweet, Commander of the | Brigantine or Private 
Ship | of War the Defiance, | Captor | and | Respondent. | The Re- 
spondent's Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable the | 
Lords Commissioners for Hearing of Appeals | in Prize-Causes, at the 
Council-Chamber, at the | Cockpit, Whitehall, on Thursday the 11th 
Day | of June 1752, at Six of the Clock in the After-|noon. [Signed] 
W. Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 7. 

1752. Ship The William Galley. Lords Commissioners of 
Prizes. | The William Galley. | Peter Cowenhoven and | other 
Dutch Subjects, | Appellants. | James Allen and others, Respondents. | 
The Appellants Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the | Lords Commissioners for Hearing Prize- [Appeals, at the 
Council Chamber at White- 1 hall. [Signed] Wm. Murray, Rob Jenner. 
Fo. pp. 3. 

Trading between Amsterdam and Curacoa this ship was taken by an Havana 
privateer on the charge of smuggling, and retaken by the " Revenge " and " Suc- 
cess," Rhode Island privateers, who carried the prize into Rhode Island, where it 
was condemned. The point at issue was whether the ship had become a Spanish 
prize ; and the Lords' decision restored her to the Dutch owners. 

The William Galley. | Peter Cowenhoven, Claimant and Appellant. | 
James Allen, Commander of the | Privateer the Revenge, and j 
Peter Marshall, Commander of | the Privateer the Success, | Captors 
and | Respondents. | The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before 
the Right Honourable the Lords | Commissioners of Prize- Appeals, in 
the Coun- 1 cil- Chamber at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on Thursday | the 
30th. day of November, 1752, at Six of the Clock | in the Afternoon. 
[Signed] A. Hume- Campbell, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 3. 

1752. Ship Bacha ob Ttgress. Lords Commissioners of Ap- 
peals in Prize Causes. | The Bacha. | Thomas Frankland, Esq ; 
Com- !mander of the Dragon Man | of War, and the Officers, | and 
Ship's Company, | Captors | And | Appellants. | Richard Newman, 
and others, Respondents. | The Appellants Case. | To be Heard 



100 MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. [Oct. 

before the Right Honourable | the Lords Commissioners for Prize | 
Appeals, in the Council-Chamber, at | Whitehall. [Signed] W. 
Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 3. 

The privateer " Tygress," while cruising in the West Indies, was captured by 
the French, refitted by them as a letter of marque, and sent to sea, where she was 
recaptured by the English. The original owners claimed that only salvage was 
due to the recaptors, and that the ship belonged to them by law ; and in this they 
were sustained on appeal. 

Lords Commissioners of Appeals in Prize Causes. | The Bacha. 
Joseph Gay, Master ; | formerly | The Tygress, Roger Bedgood, Mas- 
ter. | Thomas Frankland, Esq ; Commander of | his Majesty's Ship 
Dragon, | Appellant. | Richard Newman, Robert Newman, | and 
Thomas Holdsworth, Merchants, | Charles Hayne and John Rowe, 
Esqs, | Respondents. | The Respondents' Case. | To be Heard at 
the Cockpit, Whitehall, on Thursday the | fourteenth Day of December, 
1752. [Signed] A. Hume Campbell, Charles Pinfold. Fo. pp. 3. 

Lords Commissioners of Appeals in Prize Causes. | Bacha ; | for- 
merly | The Tygress, Roger Bedgood, Master. | Appendix to the 
Respondents' Case. Fo. pp. 5. 

1752. Ship La Magdelaine. Before the Lords Commissioners 
of Appeals | in Prize-Causes. | In the Matter of the French Ship | 
La Magdelaine, de Marseilles. | Thomas Derbyshire, Comman-|der of 
the Privateer, the | Terrible. | Appellant. | John Gradwell, Com- 
mander of | the Privateer the Laurel | Frigate. | Respondent. | The 
Respondent's Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable | the 
Lords Commissioners for hearing | Appeals, in Prize Causes, at the j 
Council Chamber, at Whitehall, on Thurs-|day, 21 Dec. 1752, at 
Six o'Clock in | the Evening. [Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Hay. 
Fo. pp. 3. 

" La Magdelaine," from Martinique to France, was eaptured by three English 
privateers, who carry the prize into the courts to decide to whom she belongs. 
"The Lords unanimously affirm the decree, dividing the Prize between the 
'Terrible' and the 'Laurell.'" 

1752. Ship The Phoenix. Lords Commissioner of Appeals, j 
The Phoenix. | John Joseph Peyrac, Esq; Appellant. | Nicholas 
Drumgoold, James | Gordon, Esquire, and | others, | Respondents. | 
The Appellant's Case. | [Signed] A. Hume-Campbell, Ed. Simpson. 
Fo. pp. 3. 

The " Phoenix," while trading between Curacoa and Martinique, was seized by 
two privateers from St. Christophers. 

St Christopher's [ In the Prize-Cause, The Phoenix. | Jean Joseph 
Peyrac, Esq; | Claimant | and | Appellant. | Nicolas Drumgold, | 
and | Joseph Rous, | Captors | and | Respondents. | The Case of 
James Gordon. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable the 
Lords ' Com- 1 missioners of Appeal in Prize-Causes, at the Coun- 1 cil- 



1889.] SOME BKIEFS IN APPEAL CAUSES. 101 

Chamber at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on Thursday | the 13th Day of 
December 1753, at Six of the Clock | in the Afternoon. [Signed] 
W. Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 8. 

St. Christopher's. | John Joseph de Peyrac, in Behalf of | Himself, 
and Others concerned in | the Sloop Phenix, and her Cargo, | Claim- 
ant | and | Appellant. | Nicholas Drumgold, and Joseph | Rouse, Com- 
manders of the Bonetta | and Mary Privateers, in Behalf of | their 
Owners, and themselves, and | others, | Captors | and | Respondents. 
The Respondents Case. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable 
the Lords | Commissioners for Hearing of Appeals in | Prize-Causes, 
at the Council-Chamber in the Cock- 1 pit, Whitehall, on the 

| Day of 1753. at Six of the Clock in | the Afternoon. 

[Signed] W. Murray, J. Andrew, Geo. Hay. 

Appendix. | (A) and (B). Fo. pp. 4. 

1755. Ship Vrouw Dorothea. Vrouw Dorothea. | Michael 
Goolde, Master of the Private | Ship of War the Trelawny Galley, 
on | behalf of himself, and of the Owners, | Officers, and Mariners, of 
the said | Galley, | Captors and | Appellants. | Pieter Block, Master 
of the Vrouw Do-|rothea, and Claimant of the said Ship | and 
Goods, | Claimant and | Respondent. | The Case of the Captors and 
Appellants. | To be Heard before the Right Honourable the Lords 
Com- 1 missioners for Hearing Appeals in Prize Causes, in the j 
Council Chamber, at the Cockpit, Whitehall, on | [Thursday] the 
[first] Day of [May, 1755] at [Six] | o'Clock in the Afternoon. 
[Signed] W. Murray, Geo. Hay. Fo. pp. 7. 

The ship " Dorothea" sailed from Amsterdam for Curacoa, with a cargo of arms 
and ammunitiou. Seized on the suspicion of trading with the French, she was 
carried into Jamaica, but was released for want of proof. On putting to sea 
again she was captured by another privateer and carried into Charleston, South 
Carolina, where the Admiralty Court condemned her. The Lords ordered her 
restored. 

Lords Commissioners of Appeals for | Prizes. | Michael Goolde, 
Master of the | Private Ship of War the | Trelawny Galley, | Ap- 
pellant. | Pieter Block, on Behalf of him- (self and others | Re- 
spondent. | The Respondent's Case. | To be Heard before the Right 
Honourable the | Lords Commissioners of Appeals for | Prizes, at the 
Council Chamber, at the | Cockpit, Whitehall, on [Thursday] the | 
[first] Day of [May 1755] at [Six] | o'Clock in the [After]noon. 
[Signed] A. Hume Campbell, John Bettesworth. Fo. pp. 3. 

1758. Dutch Ships. A | Summary Exposition | of the case, | 
Concerning the Dutch Ships that | are taken, in their going to or 
co-|ming from America, by | the English Men of | War & Privateers. | 
Amsterdam, | [1758]. 4«? pp. 13. 

This is a general statement for all the seizures of Dutch ships, and was for 
that reason apparently included in this collection by Sir George Lee.