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The stated meeting was held on Thursday, the 10th instant, 
at three o'clock, P. M. ; the President, Dr. Geoege E. Ellis, 
in the chair. 

The record of the last meeting was read and approved ; and 
the Librarian read the list of donors to the Library during the 
last month. 

Rev. Dr. Edward J. Young, Rev. Dr. Alexander McKenzie, 
and Mr. Charles C. Smith were re-appointed a Committee for 
publishing the Proceedings. 

The Hon. John Lowell was appointed to write the memoir of 
the late Edward Bangs, for publication in the Proceedings. 

Mr. Henry W. Taft, of Pittsfield, was elected a Resident 
Member; and Capt. Alfred T. Mahan, of the United States 
Navy, a Corresponding Member. 

Communications from the third section having been called 
for, Mr. Charles C. Smith said that two years ago he had 
the satisfaction of presenting, in behalf of one of our most 
learned and valued Corresponding Members, Charles J. 
Hoadly, LL.D., of Hartford, Conn., a copy of a diary kept 
during a part of the siege of Boston by the chaplain of one 
of the Connecticut regiments. He desired now to present, 
in behalf of the same gentleman, a copy of a diary kept by 
a lieutenant of another Connecticut regiment, stationed at 
Roxbury at the same time. Lieutenant Jabez Pitch, Jr., the 
writer, was a native of Norwich, Conn., and served in the 
expedition against Crown Point in 1756, in Colonel Whiting's 
regiment, and again in the following year, in Colonel Lyman's 
regiment. In July, 1775, he was appointed first lieutenant 
in the Eighth Company of the Eighth Connecticut Regiment, 
and continued ia service until December. In the following 
January he again enlisted in the army, and was again com- 
missioned a first lieutenant. He was captured at the battle 
of Long Island, August 27, 1776, and was not exchanged 
until December, 1777. In January, 1779, in common with 
other exchanged prisoners of war, he solicited a reappoint- 


ment iu the army, without loss of rank. Beyond that point 
his career has not been traced. At the siege of Boston he 
had with him a son Cordilla, or 'Dilla, as he seems to - have 
been familiarly called. The diary will be found to present 
a very graphic picture of camp life in the besieging army 
around Boston. 

A Journal, from August o"^ to December 13'*, 1775. 

Kept hy Lieutenant Jabez Fitch, Jr., of Norwich, of the Sth Oompany, 
Gapt. Joseph Jewett's, in the Eighth Connecticut Regiment, Col. 
Jedidiah Huntington's, at the siege of Boston. 

[Copied from the original in tli& Pension OiBce at Washington, October, 1885.] 

Saturday Aucf: 5th, 1775. Came from [home] a little after sunrise. 
Joined the company at Tyler's in Preston, from whence we march'd. 
About 8 o'clock made a little halt at Deac° Belcher's, where we were 
handsomely treated and after resting a little we march'd, and at the 
same time Mr. Edwards and my boys went back. We arriv'd at 
Dickson's in Voluntown about 2, where there was a great gathering of 
people on account of Col. Douglas' company meeting there.* Among 
others I see Col. Douglas, Maj. Gordon, Esq' Steward, Docf Elisha 
Perkins and Doct' Mather, with several other Lyme gentlemen 
returning from the camps. The capt. with some others of us ate a 
dinner of beef-steaks, and a little before night we march'd. Arrived at 
Green's in Coventry a little after daylight down, weary enough, and 
about 10 o'clock Cordilla and I went to bed and rested very well. 

Sunday the 6th. Eat breakfast of chocolate at Green's and then 
march'd in the rear down to Angel's where we waited for our teams 
which arrived a little before noon. The weather cloudy and dull. 
Rains a little, &c. This I writ in Angel's chamber. 

Afternoon, we march'd forward by a meeting-house and many other 
buildings, myself being in the rear, till a little before sunset we 
arrived at Andrew Williams', a little short of Providence, where the 
capt. see cause to put up. After the men were dismissed till 5 o'clock 
next morning, (not very agreeable to martial discipline,) I went with 
Serg' Clark, my son and some others, into town, as far as Col. 
Dexter's where we drank a pint of brandy, see Col. Douglas and Mr. 
Dixon and then came back to our quarters just after our teams arrived, 
and after unloading the carts and attending to some of the Providence 
people dance, I went to bed with my son and slept very well. 

1 John Douglas was lieutenant-colonel and captain of the second company 
in Colonel Huntington's regiment. See Conn. Col. Records, vol. xv. p. 95. — 



TTie Itli. After breakfast we march'd into town where we made a 
small halt, got shav'd and did some other errands and march'd forward 
to Attleborough, where we now are at Dagget's, the tavern, (they say 
he 's a Tory,) but, however, we have got a dinner a cooking and intend 
to eat it. 

I was afterwards disappointed, there not being enough for the whole, 
and a little before our march Lt. Gove and Serg. Denison of Col. 
Parsons' reg' overtook us, and after drinking some punch we march'd 
on, and at about sunset arriv'd at Man's in Wrentham, where we met 
with much difficulty to procure a supper, after which I went to bed 
with my son and slept very well 

August the 8th, 177.5. In the morning we ate breakfast at Man's, 
after which we march'd forward to Head's in Walpole, where we 
drank some punch and march'd forward to Cheney's in Walpole, where 
our men are now cooking a dinner. N. B. Last night and this morn- 
ing we hear much talk of a famous alarm at New London by several 
ships coming into or near the harbour, but the particulars we have not 
yet learned. I yesterday wrote a letter to my wife and sent it by 
Morgan, the teamster. This day Lem' Petingal, Elijah Pride and 
John Clark overtook us, on their way to the camp. 

After dinner we march'd forward to Gay's, where we made a little 
stop and Capt. Wheat overtook us from Norwich ; then we march'd on 
as far as Ames' in Dedham, where we lodged in a very good bed and 
paid well for it. 

The 9th. In the morning I walked down to the burying place below 
the meeting house. I also see about 300 riflemen pass by Ames', — we 
also went by them at Whiting's and march'd into Roxbury before 
them.^ We arrived at the sign of the Sun about 11 o'clock, where the 
company staid till next day. In the afternoon Dan' Andrus, Nat. 
Brewster and several of our old neighbours came to see us. Lt. Gove 
and I with some others went down" on to the Necl^ beyond the main 
guard and see the regulars work and Gentries, and also the ruins of the 
buildings destroy'd in the late operations. After I came back I went 
with Cordilla over to Col. Parsons' incampment,^ where we found Lt. 
Gove and came back with him to our quarters. 

This night was the first of Cordilla and I lodging like soldiers, we 
having hitherto on our march lodg'd in good beds, tho' it cost us dear, 
but now we are come where money will not readily command all the 

1 The entry in Ames's interleaved Almanac, under this date, is, " Rifle Men 
300 pass. 3 Comp. Connecticut Men." See Dedliam Historical Register, vol. iii. 
p. 130. — Eds. 

2 The regiment under command of Col. Samuel H. Parsons was ordered to 
march to Boston just before the battle of Bunker Hill. See Conn. Col. Records, 
vol. XV. pp. 85, 87. — Eds. 


conveniences of life, yet through the clemency of a Divine Providence 
every one in health may be in some measure comfortable. 

The IQth. Sometime before noon we march'd on to the ground 
assigned us for incampment. Capt. Ripley's company was the only 
one incamped before us. The rest of this day taken up in pitching our 
tents, &c. The night following was very stormy : it thundered, 
lightened and rained all night, and was very tedious for the first of the 

The Wth. In the morning Lt. Jon" Brewster and Jo. Williams 
came to our tent. I was with 'em over to Parsons' reg', where we lit 
of Capt. Wheat and went up to the meeting house and see the guard 
relieved, then went with them, Serg' Haskel and Corp' Brewster down 
to Dorchester, and after obtaining liberty of Col. Fellows went over on 
to the Neck and down on to the Lower Point near Castle Wm. While 
on Dorchester Neck we had a very fine prospect of the town of Boston 
and also of the ships in the harbor, which make an appearance like a 
dry cedar swamp. When we came off from the Neck the tide had 
rais'd so much that we were obliged to strip and wade 50 or 60 rods, 
in fair view of the regulars' works. Came home about 1 o'clock very 
weary and hungry, but for my comfort our people were dining on codfish 
and carrots, of which they had plenty, altho' the butter was not the best. 

TTie 12th. In the morning I went down to see the guards relieved 
and then went out on the left hand of the Neck down on to the marsh 
where I had a fine prospect of the Common in Boston, where the regu- 
lars are incamped. About one o'clock Asa Chapman came here for 
some things I bro't him from his grandfather. Cordilla and I went 
with him up to Brookline Fort and on our way lit of one Lt. Sprague 
of the Rhode Islanders with whom we crossed the ferry and went up to 
Prospect Hill. Went into Capt. Talbot's tent while there was a shower 
of rain. Cordilla and I then came back to Cambridge : went into one 
of the colleges up to the 3d loft, and after viewing that a little came 
down street a little where we see the greatest curiosity of the whole 
day, (viz.) an old gent, with a very grey beard 14 inches long hand- 
somely comb'd down under his chin. Then we lit of Wm. Huntington 
of Norwich in Maj. Durkee's company. Went to said company camp, 
see Lt. Huntington and several others of my acquaintance, and then 
Sam. Spicer came and piloted us down to the ferry where [we] were 
obliged to strip and wade across the marsh, and after crossing the ferry 
came home to our camp where we arrived about daylight in. The old 
Tory dog had got away the door I stole to lodge on, &c. 

Sunday the \Uh Aug. 1775. Heard Mr. Ellis from Psalm 44th, 
26th.i This morning I went [to] the barber and got shaved, after 

1 Rev. John Ellis, chaplain of the Eighth Connecticut Regiment. He was 
born in Cambridge, Mass., March 2, 1726-7 ; graduated at Harvard College in 


which I was in at Waterman's where I see Capt. Hez. Perkins, Mr. 
John McL. Breed and several others from Norwich. About sunset 
Capt. Jewett and I went up to the meeting house where the working 
party was parading in order for intrenching on the Neck, we having 
the night before begun to open an intrenchment in that place. We 
stayed at the meeting house till almost dark, when the party march'd 
off and we then came home to our tent. 

TTie lith. At prayer time in the morning the regulars in Boston 
and also the ships in the harbor began a mighty firing which lasted 
most of the forenoon. At relieving the main guard I went with a 
number of officers down to the guard house and from there to the new 
intrenchment, after viewing of which we went down a little to the 
northeast and set under an apple tree, where we spent a considerable 
part of the forenoon in viewing with a spy-glass the regulars' works in 
Boston and also the ships in the harbor, who fired many guns while we 
look'd on them. About noon we came up to Waterman's, where we 
drank some brandy for our stomach sake and our often infirmity. A 
little after we got home I had the pleasure to see my neighbour Dan' 
Brewster who lately came from Norwich and brings me the agreeable 
news of my family's being in health when he left home. The remainder 
of this day I spent chiefly with Mr. Brewster. I went with him to 
Capt. Peters', where we borrowed a spy-glass and then went down to 
the new intrenchment and also over to the same place we went in the 
forenoon. Came back about sunset, where we found James Rockwell 
and Alpheus Jones who drove two teams down here for Brewster. We 
was then soon inform'd of one of our men being confin'd for firing his 
gun, which cost me the trouble of going over to Capt. Perrit's incamp- 
ment, he being the ofiicer who confin'd him. Then I went to Col. 
Douglas and to Col. Brewer's quarter guard : yet, after all, poor Bid- 
well lay confin'd till morning, and Brewster, Jones, Rockwell, Cordilla 
and I lodg'd in Keyes' cornhouse, where we slept very well. 

The 15th. In the morning Mr. Ellis ate breakfast with us, after 
which I walk'd up on the hill alone and then down on the parade by 
the meeting house and after relieving the guard I came home in com- 
pany with Lt. Bissell of Capt. Humphrey's company. I then did some 
writing, and among the rest I wrote a 3d letter to my wife. About 2 
o'clock the regulars began to fire some cannon on our new intrench- 
ment by which they wounded one man in the head, soon after which 
there was several 24 pounders fired from our fort on the hill above the 
meeting house. The regulars also hove several bomb shells among our 

1750; was ordained at Norwich (Franklin), Conn., in 1753; was dismissed in 
1782 ; settled in Rehoboth, Mass., in 1785, where he remained eleven years ; 
returned to Franklin, and died there Oct. 19, 1805. See Sprague's Annals of 
the American Pulpit, vol. i. p. 604, note. — Eds. 


people on the Neck, and a little before sunset the dogs hove a ball right 
over our incampment, which made as bad a noise as a flock of wild 
geese. I find that the exchanging these few shot has done more to ex- 
hilarate the spirits of our people than 200 gallons of New England rum. 
Every ball, as soon as it fell, was surrounded with a great number of 
men, to see who would get it first, and the shells themselves had scarcely 
time to break before they would surround them to pick up the pieces of 
them as so many curiosities. This day Capt. Bill and Mr. Thos. Coit 
came into camp from Norwich. 

The \Uh. After breakfast I took a walk up to Brookline cedar 
swamp, where I found me a very pretty cedar staff. I came back 
through an orchard back of Gen^ Ward's quarters, where the inhabi- 
tants were gathering pears, and while I was talking with the people 
the regulars fired two shot on our new intrenchment, on which I 
hurried a little toward home, but the fire not continuing I made a little 
stop at an intrenchment just above a grist mill. I then went up toward 
the Grand Parade, where I lit of Rant. Rose and went with him to see 
the Indians shoot arrows at coppers. 

Roxhiry Camp, Wednesday Aug" \&th, 1775. After writing to my 
wife and brother, toward night I went over to Col. Parsons' reg' with 
Dan' Brewster, then came back with him and walk'd with him on his 
way home as far as the Sun tavern. Coming back I took a walk alone 
into a field on the lower side of the way. 

The nth. The fore part of the day I took a walk up on the hill, 
while the regulars were firing on our works. They wounded one of 
our old guard with one of their shells while they were marching on to 
the parade to dismiss. I went to a house to hire some washing done 
and then came home. In the afternoon I went up on to Jamaica Plain 
to buy some nails and timber : bought ^ hundred nails for a ^ pistareen 
of Mr. Stedefant, a carpenter in Roxbury. I was at a town meeting. 
I also employ'd a young woman to hem a silk handkerchief. Coming 
home to camp I went round by Jamaica Pond, &c. At night, for want 
of proper accommodations in my own markee I lodg'd in Maj. Clark's. 
It proved a very rainy night. I lost my pocket book out of my coat 
pocket as it lay on me in the night, but, however, next day some time 
I had the good luck to find it without loss or damage, except wetting 
my money, papers, &c. 

The \9ith. In the morning early I went up to Governor Bernard's 
house with Corp. Spears, Peleg Edwards, Elisba Pride and Cordilla, 
to get some timber for repairing our tent, and it was with some dif- 
ficulty that I obtained it. After I got back I went up to the meeting 
house, see the guards relieved and drank some new cyder. Then I 
went down on to the west part of the Neck, where there were a number 
of men a swimming in a creek. I then came home and we laid a floor 


in our tent, after which I went up to the south meeting house in order 
to purchase me a slawbunck,' and did not return to camp till almost 

The \^ih. After breakfast I began to dig a well in the orchard north 
of our encampment, in which service I spent most of the day. A little 
after noon I went up to Gen. Spencer's camp to borrow a windlas, but 
could not obtain one, whereupon I came down to Col. Parsons' reg' and 
obtained one for the service of digging our well. At night I went with 
some of our people up to Stidefant's joiners shop for a slawbunck, but 
was disappointed, so we all drank a \ pint of brandy and came back, 
and I slept on the floor again. I also dreamed that I heard that arbi- 
trators in the cause between Nathan Fitch and Hannah Leonard had 
ordered him to paj' her 60 pound, which I thought was more than it 
was worth. 

Sunday Aug'. 2Qth, 1775. In the morning I heard Capt. Ripley had 
lost a second man out of his company, and also another not like to live 
out the day. After breakfast I went up to Col. Huntington's quarters 
to see Mr. Tracy and Mr. Fanning. Found 'em extreme poor. I then 
went on to the parade and see the guards paraded, took a view of the 
motions of the regulars, and after some time observed a flag of truce 
advancing from their lines ; whereupon I went down to the main guard, 
where I lit of one Capt. Ames Walbridge of Stafford, formerly a 
Norwich man. I went with him and the capt. of the guard out as far 
as George tavern where we staid some time, then Capt. Walbridge and 
I went into the old burying yard where there is a great number of 
tombs much gone to ruin. I then came home to our camp and heard 
Mr. Bliss of Windsor Goshen from Romans 13th almost the whole 
chapter, which was very agreeable to [blank'\th. article of my creed. 
In the afternoon I heard Mr. Ellis from Isaiah \blan¥\ 10th, and after 
meeting I went up to the old meeting house, where I wrote several of 
the foregoing pages and am now writing on the breast of the front 
gallery, which is a very convenient place for writing. It [is] a very large 
house with a high steeple. It stands on an eminence in fair view of 
the regulars' lines and has had many balls thrown at it. The bell is 
taken down, th« windows all taken out and boarded up except the 
pulpit window, the pews all torn down and great destruction made the 
inside of the house. 

There has been no firing on our troops in this camp this day, which 
is the only day we have escaped for some time. The regulars yester- 
day, through the carelessness of our guards, drove nine cows off from 
the Neck into Boston, which gave some of the hungry sons of whores 
a supper of milk as I suppose. 

' This is a corruption of the Dutch word "slaapbank," a bed, couch, or 
bunk. — Eds. 


Jasper Griffin of our company was this day carry'd to the hospital, 
who is the first man we have sent there. 

The 21s<. In the forenoon we work'd in the well again, but in the 
afternoon lay by for want of a rope to draw the gravel up with ; where- 
upon I went with Capt. Ripley, Lt. Turrel, &c., to the funeral of Ste- 
phen Woodward of Capt. Ripley's company, being the 3d man of that 
company who has died in camp. 

Aug'. 22d, 1775. In the morning I went with Bid well down to the 
dam and got some hoops to sling a tub for digging the well, and about 
10 o'clock began to hoist with a windlas. We followed digging the 
remainder of the day. About sunset Capt. Freeman came into the 
camp from Norwich. 

The 23d. Before sunrise I went in a swimming in the Mill creek, 
came home and went to overseeing the well diggers. Had some com- 
pany with me this day, among others Capt. Freeman and Dan' Andrus. 
Toward night I fell in company with Some high fellows (viz.) Capt. 
Clift, Doc' Fosdic, Lt. Adams, &c., who broke some staves, some shins, 
&c. I also this day see my old friend Doc' Adams. I also this day 
wrote a letter to my wife, which I sent by Capt. Freeman. 

The 2Ath. I oversee the well diggers again, finished digging the 
well, &c. 

The 2oth. Sometime in the afternoon old uncle C and Jo. Rose 
came into the camp. I went with them and Lt. Brewster up on the 
hill and then down on the Neck, then we came to Waterman's, drank 
some grog with Uncle C and left him there and we came into the camp. 
This morning was the first of our occupying our alarm post, which 
prov'd very disagreeable to the sluggish disposition of the soldiers. 

T%e 2&th. After going to the alarm post as usual and attending 
prayer, Uncle C eat breakfast with us, then Capt. Jewett, uncle and I 
went over to Col. Parsons' regt. where we made many visits, and then 
came down to the tide mill where we went to swimming ; we then came 
home and took another tour up to Waterman's and then down to the 
main guard, came part way back and then went down toward Dor- 
chester and then home, eat some dinner and Uncle C set out for 
Cambridge. I went with him as far as Capt. Peters' compa. I then 
went up to Waterman's, see the rank of officers, learned by the new 
establishment I am removed from Capt. Jewett's compa. to Capt. Lyon. 
I then went with Capt. Coit and some other officers to hear them scold 
at Mr. Blany, the commissary. We then came back to Waterman's 
where I found Bro. Perkins and his son Erastus, with some other Nor- 
wich men. They came with me into our camp, and after prayer I 
went with them to see the works, and while we were viewing them the 
regulars fired a shot on our new intrenchment. After it grew dusk we 
came again up to Waterman's where I set some time in company with 
Capt. Clift, Ely, Coit, Peters, and several other gentlemen of the 


higher sort. A little before beating the tattoo Uncle C and Mr. Rose 
came in, soon after which Uncle C came home with me and lodg'd in 
Gove's tent. Sam. Ellis also came to camp this night. 

Sunday the 27th. Sam. Ellis went with us to the alarm post, and 
after our return Uncle C, Lt. Gove and I went to swimming again at 
the tide mill. After our return I had a hearty scold at the baker's, 
and then wrote a letter home in high spirits. We then attended the 
funeral of Mr. Tracy, and a very solemn transaction it was. After 
the funeral was over Capt. Jewett, Capt. Ellsworth and I went up to 
the hospital where we see our sick and also many others, some of whom 
we found had suffered intolerably, on which account I was again under a 
fatal necessity to exert myself again in the scolding way, and little Waters 
trembled. As we came home we call'd in and see Ens. LefRngwell, 
Serg' Perkins and some others who were sick at Brookline, we then 
came on to the hill above Parsons' camp, where we made a considerable 
stop to see the firing of the regulars from Bunker Hill on our new in- 
trenchment, which firing has continued most of the whole day. After 
we came home Uncle C came to see us again. Mr. Ellis was also with 
us till quite late this night. A very severe storm of thunder, lightning 
and rain happened this night, rather exceeding all I ever have known 
before. Cordilla was this day taken of the camp distemper and had a 
very tedious night. 

The 28th. I went on the advanced party to the alarm post, &c. 
After prayer Uncle C and Mr. Rose set off for Norwich. I took a 
walk with them a little way, &c. This day I spent principally in 
writing and endeavouring to comfort my poor boy. Old Deacon 
Belcher of Preston came to camp to day. Toward night I made 
application to old Col. Williams' sons for liberty to go into one room 
of the Col's ^ house to lodge the night following, as I expected his 
disease was such that he must (otherwise) be out most of the night. 
With some difficulty I prevailed on the young men for liberty to go 
in for the night : accordingly I made the best preparation [I] could 
for utensils, &c., and a little before daylight in I took post with poor 
'Dilla in the west front room. It is a large handsome room, genteelly 
paper'd and a handsome house clock standing in the N. W. corner, 
which with a pair of hand irons standing on the hearth is the only 
household furniture in the room. The most comfort I had the night 
following was in tending on my poor sick son, who rested but very 
little through the whole night. 

The 29th. I was out very early expecting to go on the fatigue party, 
which must parade at 6 o'clock, but it soon began to rain very hard, by 
which means I am as yet prevented performing that duty and so have 
opportunity to attend my boy. Parson Ellis made us a long visit while 

1 Col. Joseph Williams. His house was near Hog Bridge, so called. See 
Drake's Town of Roxbury, p. 384. — Eds. 


it rain'd hard. I set some time in the other room with him and some 
other gentlemen, and after Mr. Ellis went away Col. Walker with two 
other officers came in and sat a while. I look on it as a very peculiar 
favour that we have so good a harbour in so bad a storm, but yet I fear 
being drove out every hour. 

Roxhury, Aug' 29M, 1775, Col. Williams'. In the afternoon young 
Dudley told me that I must remove Cordilla into another room, in order 
to make room for Col. Walker and some other officers who were coming 
into the room where he was, whereupon I, with the help of Serg' Clark, 
carried our things into the east south room. 'Dilla remains very poor. 
I procured a portion of castor oil of Doc. Waldo, which I have given 
him. I also called in Doc. Adams this day to see him, who gave some 
directions concerning him, although he had no medicines to apply. Jos^ 
Williams came into the camp toward night. This morning William 
Billings also came into the camp, who tells me that Capt. Gates was 
supposed to be near his end. After making the necessary preparations 
for the night I turn'd in, had some little assistance from one of Capt. 
Ellsworth's men who was looking after one Serg' Russell of that com- 
pany. He gave Dilla some barley water to drink. Doct'' How (who 
lodges in thie house) gave him some drops, which somewhat eas'd his 
pain, but after all the poor boy had a tedious night and I myelf some- 
thing unwell, being threatned with the same disorder. 

The iOth. In the morning it rained very hard. 1 was out in the camp 
quite early, the people mostly in bed. No turning out to the alarm post 
this morning. I then came back, staid with Dilla some time. Corp' 
Spears came in and helped a little. I employ'd Serg' Clark to go and 
try to buy me a fowl to make some broth, but he could not procure any, 
but sent off old Craft on the same errand, who has not yet returned. 
This forenoon is very rainy. A sergeant of Capt. Ellsworth's company 
came into the house and lay down on the young Dudley's bed without 
leave and contrary to the owner's mind ; whereupon some warm words 
ensued and finally a clinch which tore the sergeant's shirt, and it was 
with some difficulty that I parted them. It is a very rainy, uncom- 
fortable day in the camp, but I have a good dry house to keep in as 
yet with my poor sick boy, who engrosses my chief concern and atten- 
tion at this time. 

About noon old Mr. Craft returned with a very good fowl, which he 
boil'd with a little rice, but the poor boy could not eat any of the fowl 
nor not more than three or four spoonfulls of the broth. Just at night 
Doct. Waldo came in and gave Capt. Pease and Cordilla each of them 
a vomit. Dilla's worked very well, and after he had done vomiting he 
slept near an hour, which I suppose to be the longest nap he has slept 
since last Saturday night. He had a restless night, but not more so 
than several of the last nights. Having Capt. Pease and his attendants 



in the same room, although on some accounts we had rather have been 
without so much company, yet I slept more this night than I had done 
for several nights past, as they assisted some in looking after the boy. 

The Z\st. In the morning it was lowery and rained again : no turn- 
ing out to the alarm post again. Sometime in the morning Doct. How 
directed me to the white decoction for Cordilla, made of hull'd barly, cina- 
mon and burnt hartshorn, but by the time we had got it prepared Doct. 
Waldo came in and ordered a portion of the salts as a purge to be taken 
first: whereupon we gave it to him, and about 11 o'clock Doct. Turner 
came into the camp and after viewing the other sick made us a visit, 
gave Dilla a little elixer vitae. The people crowded in on us to see the 
doctor, and the weather being wet and muddy the men were as dirty as 
horses. About noon Col. Williams came in and did some business with 
a Hartford gentleman, who told us of a late skirmish of our army with 
the men-of-war's men at N. York, in which it seems by report that our 
people had the better. About noon Dilla is in great pain, his physic be- 
gins to work, which I hope will give him ease in due time. However in 
his greatest pain he will not own that he wishes himself at home. 

This day I signed the articles prescribed by the Continental Congress 
for regulating the American army. 

The Gunpowder Plot subscription was also handed about this day, 
to raise £50 lawful money for that pious use ; most or all of the officers 
in our regiment signed it. 

About 2 o'clock Dilla proposed eating some of the breast of the fowl 
I bo't for him yesterday ; accordingly some of it was provided and he 
eat it like himself. Lt. Charaberlin tells me he has been to the hospital 
where our sick are. Serg' Harris (he says) is not like to live, but Peleg 
Edwards and our other men are better. I then wrote a letter to my 
wife, on a table in the room where I attend on my boy. I have some 
thoughts of writing one to bro. Elisha, but I hardly know what to write. 
Toward night I received a newspaper for Col. Williams and went into 
the other room to deliver it, when the Col. set me to read part of the 
paper. I read several of Hutchinson's letters, and just at night I went 
into the camp, found Sam. Ellis had obtain'd a certificate of the sur- 
geon in order to procure a furlough for his son Peter. I borrowed a 
slawbunk of Lt. Chamberlin for my son to lay on, and this afternoon I 
wrote a letter to Bro. Elisha. In the evening I also wrote another to 
my wife, and Cordilla resting comfortably I turned in on the floor about 
10 o'clock, slept till 1 in the morning and found Dilla was in a sound 
sleep and had not been up since I went to bed ; then I went to fixing 
him some drink, and just as I had got it ready I heard a mighty firing 
of cannon for some time : some of the people of Col. Walker's room 
went up on the hill to enquire into the affair and return while I am 
writing ; they learn by the centry that the firing was on the Neck, but 
on what account is uncertain to us as yet. 


Sept. \st. In the morning Cordilla appears to be considerably better, 
has rested better than he has done since Sunday last, his countenance 
shews that he is better. After attending on him a little I went into the 
camp and enquired into the aflFair of the firing last night, by which I 
find we have lost two men (viz.) one Adijah Dewa in the Bay forces. I 
understand by Serg' Clark that he lived last winter with one Preston in 
Pachague, — he belonged to Westfield : the other is one Oliver Car- 
penter in our reg' and Capt. Ellsworth's company, — he beloijgs to 
Stafford. The occasion of the fire beginning I understand was two of 
the regulars deserting from their guard and coming to our main guard. 
I was order'd with the fatigue party this morning, went on to the 
parade for that purpose, but we w^ere sent back on account of the rain, 
whereupon I came in to the camp, see poor Oliver Carpenter's corpse, 
which was sadly mangled to pieces and a 12 lb. shot taken out of his 
body, — an instance I never yet heard of, that a cannon ball should 
lodge in a man's body. I then went to Col. Williams' and wrote a letter 
to my cousin Silas, carried it to Sam. Ellis and went a little way with 
him and Peter his son, who this day obtain'd a furlough to go home. In 
the afternoon I went again with the fatigue party, and as I was going 
to the parade I see Doct. Elisha Perkins and Capt. Dan' Bishop. We 
went to work on the east part of the Neck in the intrenchment where 
the regulars gave us two shot, one of which I suppose I might have 
catch'd in my hand if I had only held it out, but I did not want to. 
I came home at night and find my boy remains better. There has been 
this day a great deal of firing over on Cambridge side, but the particu- 
lars we have not yet learnt, only it is reported that the enemy have 
killed two of our men and we four of them. The night following Cor- 
dilla rested somewhat comfortable, or at least much better than he had 
for some nights before except the last. 

Sept. 2d, nib. Having been broke of my rest of late I lay in bed 
some later than usual. When I got up and went into the camp I found 
one of our men (Case Cook) was confin'd by the adjutant for not turning 
out to the alarm post : the reason he did not was because he had none 
to cook a breakfast for him, and he warned for the main guard, and 
supposed he could not cook seasonably for himself if in case he attended 
the alarm post as usual. After a while a court of inquisition was held 
at Capt. Ripley's tent on Cook and a number of other prisoners, where 
I appear'd and by speaking a word in Cook's behalf I gave some offence, 
nor do I care how much since the necessity of the case required it. 

This morning my neighbour Randal came into the camp, bro't me a 
letter from my wife, with the agreeable news of my family's being in 
health, &c. He also bro't some other things to me from home and 
likewise a letter from Silas, a letter from Darius to Cordilla. I spent 
the bigger part of the forenoon with Randal, went up on the hill and 


see the firing from the regulars' works to ours and also from ours to 
theirs, we then came down into the camp. We were threatned being 
turned out of Col. Williams' house this day, but however I somehow 
obtained slightly liberty to stay in a little longer, but Lieut. Pease 
moved out this day. Toward night I went up to Jamaica Plain after a 
clean shirt, came home about sunset ; soou after I got home I was call'd 
on to go to the piquet in the room of Lt. Hall, I having been before 
warned for the main guard tomorrow, but however I was very willing 
to make the exchange ; accordingly I went on to the parade and was 
assigned for the lines on the right of our works. When we came down 
we found Col. Huntington was .field officer of the piquet and he sent 
me with Capt. Granger of Col. Learned's and Etis. Osborn of Gen' 
Wooster's reg' and 56 men to man Lamb's Dam and keep out proper 
centries, where we staid and heard 5 or 6 nine o'clock guns fired on 
board of different ships as we supposed, and also the beating of the tat- 
too in Boston, &c. We also staid till we heard many of the clocks in 
Boston strike 1 0, and some time after that we were relieved by another 
party of the same proportion, we then march'd back to our lines where 
we were first assigned and spent the remainder of the night, although 
it was somewhat tedious. 

The 3d. When I came home in the morning I found my boy no 
poorer than I left him last night. Will'" Bidwell had staid with him, 
whom I instructed my boy to call his mother. I yesterday bo't a loin 
of mutton for him, Bidwell bak'd it in a pot and made a very [good] 
dish. I eat part of a breakfast of it. I then took a short nap in which 
I dream'd our reg' was ordered immediately to Ticonderoga and I was 
greatly concerned how to send home my boy, as I knew him not able 
to perform so long a march in his present low state of health, but I 
was soon eas'd of this trouble by young Pulman's awaking and calling 
me to our tent to eat some chocolate, &c. 

Roxhury Camp, Sund. Sept. Sd, 1775. A very rainy day. I wrote 
my yesterday's adventures and also a letter to my wife ; heard a sermon 
iu Col. Walker's room from Psalm 137th, 5th, 6th, and from Lamenta- 
tions 1st, 9th, by Mr. Barnum 6f Taunton.* Bidwell bro't Dilla a dish 
of broth with some sheep's head and pluck very well cook'd. Toward 
night I wrote a letter to bro. Elisha, giving him an account of my last 
night's rg', &c. At night we lodg'd again in Col. Williams' house, too 
much crowded with a parcel of men as dirty as hogs : one nasty dog 
spit a pint of tobacco juice, &c., on to the floor and the foot of my bed, 
which however made me scold a little in the morning. 

1 Rev. Caleb Barnum. He was born at Danbury, Conn., June 30, 1737, 
graduated at Princeton College, New Jersey, in 1757, and received tlie honorary 
degree of A.M. from Harvard College in 1768. He was first settled at Wrentham, 
and afterward at Taunton, Mass. In 1776 he entered the army as a chaplain, 
and died at Pittsfield, August 2-3, in that year. See Emery's Ministry of 
Taunton, vol. ii. pp. 1-29. —Eds. 


The ith. A year ago this day was our famous alarm in Connecticut, 
in wliich I rid up as far as Plainfleld, &c. The weather yet remains 
wet and uncomfortable. A number of our officers concluded to have a 
division of the tory land in the neighborhood, or at least have the wood 
cut off for the use of the army. A little before noon the cloud blew 
off and the sun shin'd out pleasant and fair. In the afternoon 1 went 
with Lieut. Chamberlin down into Dorchester to see one Capt. Cham- 
berlin of Col. Bailey's reg'. I had a great deal of discourse with the 
lieu' on the road, &c. After I came back the camp was fill'd with 
news concerning a detachment of our army's going to Quebec. The 
night following Cordilla rested better than he had done any night since 
he was sick. 

The 5th. I turn'd out half after two o'clock, read the 138th Psalm, &c. 
I then wrote a letter to my wife, and at the usual time turn'd out to the 
alarm post. After I came back and attended prayer I went up to 
Brookline to get some honey and some mint julep of Doct. Turner for 
Cordilla. As I was going up there I met Jasper Edwards, who was 
going home to Norwich, I sent my letter by him. I then went to the 
doctor's and rec* the medicines for my boy, eat breakfast with him and 
Ens. Leffingwell. I then came home through Col. Parsons' reg'. Lieut. 
Hide came home with me, &c. In the afternoon I received a letter 
from sister Rudd and another from her son Jon". I had also some 
conversation with Col. Huntington at my tent. I also expected some 
more, by the by discourse I have heard, but however I did not finally 
hear it, and so was disappointed. This passage would need explanation 
to a stranger, but I know what it means and write for refreshing my 
own memory in some future time, &c. 

The 6th. I turn'd out at 3 o'clock, began to write to my wife but 
was oblig'd to desist in order to attend the alarm post. When we were 
there I occasionally mentioned among the officers Mr. Beckwith's 
observation, (viz.) that before he left home he made a covenant with 
his eyes concerning women, when Col. Huntington replied that there 
was no need of that here, for he and Mr. Trumbull were yesterday 
oblig'd to use a spy glass to get a sight at one. I spent this day chiefly 
in procuring boards and pitching a tent for lodging, and after all my 
trouble I find I must be crowded with a number of the boys. Serg' 
Huntington help'd me do the work, &c. Toward night Jo. Randal 
came back from Cambridge into the camp, I went with him up to the 
suttler's where we drank some brandy, &c., together ; we then went 
down to the house where Cordilla keeps, and I then went with him, 
Randal and Nat. Brewster over to Col. Parsons' reg' where we staid 
sometime and Randal and I came back together. It was a very pleasant 
moonshine night. Randal slept with us at Col. Williams' house. 

The 1th. I arose half after three, Randal got up at the same time, 


and I wrote to my wife again. Just as I was going out to attend the 
alarm post Lt. Brewster came in and so we drank a bitter together and 
went to the alarm post. When I came back I found Randal was gone 
off. I then eat some bread and milk and went to work with Serg' 
Huntington at making a slawbunk for Cordilla and I to lodge on, in 
which employ we spent most of the forenoon. Capt. Jewett complain'd 
for want of an allowance of women, on which an old market woman 
gave him a sufficient allowance. A little after noon Lt. Andrew Fitch 
came to our camp, I set some time with him in Capt. Ripley's markee. 
Just at night I took a walk with Serg' Clark up to Jamaica Plains, 
where I have had some washing done. Clark and I had considerable 
discourse together on the road. I came back into the camp and after 
supper went to Col. Williams' to lodge again, and also wrote the above 

The Slh. I arose a little after 3 o'clock, attended the alarm post as 
usual. I then went to Capt. Ripley's barber and got shaved, and at 
8 o'clock went on to the main guard. While we were on the grand 
parade it was observ'd by several officers that this is the anniversary of 
Johnson's fight and many other successful adventures of the American 
aims.^ We march'd down to the main guard house where we reliev'd 
the old guard. I went with Lt. Parker of Col. Brewer's reg' to the 
redoubt, spent some time with him and return'd to the guard house, 
spent some time with Capt. Wade and the other officers of the guard, 
and then I took charge of the redoubts myself where I was posted until 
3 o'clock in the afternoon, when I was reliev'd by another subaltern 
and return'd to the guard house, drank some brandy, and Cordilla bro't 
me some dinner. After dinner I attended Maj. Trumbull and some 
other Connecticut gentlemen round on the lines, and soon after our 
return the enemy fired several shot and shells on our works. Toward 
night Maj. Brewer, Capt. Coit and some other gentlemen visited us, had 
a high camp", &c. They left us as it grew dusk. The night following 
was remarkably light and pleasant. About two o'clock I went to the 
redoubt on the right of the road, where I staid till it grew quite light 
and was then relieved with my party. Col. Shepard and Capt. Robin- 
son, who belong'd to the piquet, lodg'd in this redoubt until gun firing 
when they march'd off with the piquet. While I commanded the redoubt 
in the day time I attended four flags of truce, had considerable discourse 
with the regular officers, who told me of their dogs eating roast beef, 
chickens, &c. I also see one Mr. Parker, who desired me to acquaint 
Mrs. Green that he had certain intelligence that Capt. Callahan with 
whom her son David sail'd for Great Britain had arriv'd there in 29 
days and landed his passengers all well. He also acquainted me of the 

1 The principal reference is to Sir Williara Johnson's victory over Baron 
Dieskau, at Lake George, Sept. 8, 1755. — Eds. 


welfare of Dan' Hubbard and family with their connections. I could 
do no less than ask some questions of this kind. I also made a great 
deal of enquiry after such regular officers as I had known in the army, 
was answev'd to every question in the most free, affable and polite 
manner, and indeed we held a discourse of near half an hour while some 
gentlemen were doing business, which appear'd agreeable enough on 
both sides. I propos'd to them to erect a coffee house for the con- 
venience of such occasional conferences, upon which we held a consider- 
able banter with good humor on both sides, and we 'finally parted with 
great appearance of friendship. 

Sept. 2th, 1775. Sun about half an hour high I went again to the 
redoubt, where I continu'd until the guard was reliev'd, in which time 
we had two shot pass'd over our heads with a very quick motion, squeal'd 
very loud as they went by us. As Mr. Adams and I were bro't to by 
Capt. Peters who insisted on going with us to a suttler's where the gin 
sling pass'd very briskly untill it found a passage through the said capt's 
body into the chimney, with a very good grace and great confidence. 
About 11 o'clock I came home to my markee where I eat two pints of 
good bread and milk, and then spent about an hour very agreeably in 
reading seven letters which I received since the guard was reliev'd. 
These letters were most of them bro't by Mr. John Smith who came 
into the camp yesterday, I also see him this morning down at the guard 
house. In the afternoon I visited Corporal Spears who has somehow 
broke into the guard house while I was on duty. I then went with 
Cordilla to Col. Williams' house, found it very dirty, and more too. 
We spent some time in sweeping and cleaning up the room we have 
lodg'd in for some time. I then did some other little chores and went 
to writing the foregoing pages, and at night eat hasty pudding for sup- 
per. I then went to lodge at Col. Williams' with Cordilla again. 

Sund. the Idth. In the morning I attended the alarm post as usual, 
only by means of the reg* marching off earlier than usual I had the 
pleasure of walking down by myself ; after we came back and attended 
prayers I eat some boil'd eggs with Capt. Jewett and Cordilla, then 
I eat some clams with Ens. Lefiingwell, and before meeting I wrote a 
letter to my wife. I then heard Mr. Barnum from Isaiah 8th, 9th to 
the 15th. Between meetings I was some time in company with Spooner 
of Norwich, the printer, and some others. I then went to meeting again 
and heard Parson Ellis from Psalm 147th, 11th, and after meeting I took 
a walk with Lt. Brewster down on to the Neck, to view the works, &c. 
At night we were mightily surprised by two of our foolish fellows care- 
lessly firing a gun in the camp. They are now both under guard with 
Corp' Spears, and what will be the consequence I know not. In the 
evening I went again to Col. Williams' house to lodge, where I am now 
finishing writing for to night. 


The Wth. I turn'd out very early, attended the alarm post as 
usual, &c., then went with John Smith to Lieut. Brewster's markee, 
where we eat breakfast together. I then went to Col. Williams' house 
where I wrote a letter to my father, one to Capt. Hubbard and one to 
my wife. I then went into the camp and up to Waterman's where I see 
J^ Post, sent my letter to Capt. Hubbard by him. I then came home 
and wrote a letter to Cynthia and gave my letters to Mr. Smith and 
toward night he went away. After prayer the doings of the late regi- 
mental court martial was read and partly put in execution. I went 
down to Col. Douglas' quarters with Lt. Brewster ; after I came home 
to my tent Maj. Clark came to my tent and undertook to reprove me 
for what I thought aud still think to be my indispensible duty. Cordilla 
and I this night lodg'd in our new tent, being the first of our lodging in 
camp since Cordilla's sickness. We have lodg'd in the Col's house a 
fortnight, and being a very cold night we lay somewhat cold. 

This day I understand our people have taken six regulars down to- 
ward Dorchester. They were carried to our general officers and then 
over to Cambridge. 

The 12th. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, and 
after breakfast I went down to Col. Williams' house again and finish'd 
writing a letter to bro. Rudd, which I began yesterday, after which I 
wrote my yesterday's adventures, &c. Lt. Chamberliu is now here 
sick. In the afternoon I was warn'd on the piquet, and play'd a game 
at ball with the officers of the reg'. At night I went on to the piquet 
on the left hand of the Neck, plac'd 8 centries down by the marsh and 
kept the remainder of our party up by the old house on the Neck. 
Soon after I had plac'd ray first centries I was taken with a verj' sick 
turn which lasted me good part of the night. It was a cold uncomfort- 
able night and I was glad when morning came, for I had no other lodg- 
ing than two rough bar posts, and best house we had was covered only 
with rails and poles. 

The 13th. When the reg' came to the alarm post I called in the 
centries and came home and dismiss'd my piquet, after which I turned 
in and slept a little. Some time in the morning I eat some clams for 
breakfast. I then went down to Col. Williams' to Lt. Chamberlin, 
but he was gone out, whereupon I sat and discours'd with the Col. some 
time upon several subjects, (viz.) the first settlement of this town, the 
place where old Mr. Eliot, call'd by Neal the Apostle of the Indians, 
lived and died, where he was buried, &c. Mr. Walter was buried in 
the same tomb. He also told me so much of his war adventures that I 
was tired of hearing them. When I came into the camp I found most 
of the officers at Capt. Ripley's tent, I join'd them and sign'd a peti- 
tion to the Continental Congress for raising the wages of the captains 
and subalterns of the army. In the afternoon I took a walk up to 


Jamaica Plains with Lieut. Chamberlin and Cordilla. Mr. Chamber- 
lin turn'd up to Brookline Hospital, and Dilla and I came home alone. 
I have been much unwell most of this day, but hope a night's sleep will 
cure me, &c. 

Boxbury Gamp, Sept. 14th, 1775. In the morning went to the 
alarm post, &c., as usual. The fore part of the day I attended Doct. 
Turner as he went through the company among the sick in order to 
make out a weekly return, after which I went with the doct. to Col. 
Huntington's quarters, where we drank some punch, I then went with 
him up to the hospital at Hallowell's house, where I see our Asa Gates 
and James Fitzgerald who were sick there. I then went up toward 
the Punch Bowl with him to an old house where Lt. Campbell was 
sick. I came home about noon, and after dinner Lieut. Gove and I 
went over to Col. Parsons' reg', see Serg' Maj. Cleveland, Serg' Deni- 
son and Adjutant Day, spent some time with them and then some more 
in hearing Mr. Johnson pray, &c., then see a game at football and came 

Sept. loth. In the morning I was much unwell, but visited the 
alarm post, &c., as usual, but Ens. Leflftugwell had lost his garters, &c. 
I wrote a letter to my wife and took a walk up on the hill ; when I 
came back I was call'd on to go with Capt. Ripley and Lt. Gove to 
inspect some meat delivered to the regiment by the commissary, where- 
upon we found 30 'BM. of pork and 5 VGt. of beef that was unfit for use, 
and accordingly return'd. This morning we have a mighty report that 
the enemy are in hourly expectation of a reinforcement of 15,000 men, 
and that Gen' Washington has sent orders for the other three com- 
panies of our regiment immediately to join us. Capt. Jewett came 
home from the main guard and told us that he had took a regular 
deserter the night past, &c. In the afternoon I went with Lt. Gove 
and Ens. Leffingwell up to the hospital at Hallowell's house, and from 
there with Leffingwell and Doct. Waldo 2 miles back in Roxbury to 
one Chamberlin's where Serg' Huntington is sick. We had much 
agreeable discourse on the way and eat a great many apples and some 
watermellons at Deac. Murdock's as we came back. A little before 
daylight in we got back as far as the hospital, where we heard Serg' 
Lyman sing a little and then went home into the camp late and weary. 

The 16th. After the alarm post, &c., I eat a very good breakfast of 
warm bread and good camp butter with a good dish of coffee. I then 
set out with Capt. Jewett and went to both hospitals, (viz.) Hallowell's 
and Bernard's houses, to visit the sick. After we had seen them I 
parted with the captain at Hallowell's and went alone up to Chamber- 
lin's to see Serg' Huntington, found him much better than yesterday. 
I assisted in removing of him to another Chamberlin's house, not far 
distant from the first. I there eat a very homelike dinner, sat with the 


people awhile and then set out for the camp. By the way I took a 
fancy to go across the lots, by which means I came on to an old bury- 
ing yard, much run over to bushes : it is situate on the east side of the 
upper road, some way southward of the Peacock tavern. In this yard 
I found a very large tomb or vault with the mouth open, I conclude for 
the interment of Maj' Mayo's son, who, I understand, died in the neigh- 
bourhood yesterday. I also had the curiosity to look into this solemn 
repository of the dead. I found it a large arch made of brick, perhaps 
on the inside about 10 feet square and in the center about as high from 
the bottom. I counted in it 16 coffins of different sizes, some of which 
appear'd very old and almost broke to pieces. After gratifying my 
curiosity as aforesaid I sat down in the upper part of the burying yard, 
where I wrote this with the two foregoing pages. I then came down 
to the Hallowell hospital, where I waited some time to see Doct. 
Turner, and at last he came home, and when he had given me some 
bitters for my boy I came down to the camp very weary, &c. This day 
toward night the enemy fired several shot on our guard, &c. 

Sund. the \lth. In the morning I was much unwell, but favour'd by 
the rains preventing turning the regiment out to the alarm post. I 
heard Mr. Ellis from Matt. 6th, 6th, and about noon I went up to 
Waterman's, see Erastus Perkins, heard considerable discourse concern- 
ing Col. Dyer's insolence, which, if it be true, is a most shocking affair, 
and to be hoped will be made publick. In the afternoon I heard Mr. 
Ellis again on the same subject. After meeting a funeral of one of 
Capt. Ellsworth's men was attended up at Brookline, but being unwell 
myself I did not attend, but went up on the hill and then I went down 
into Roxbury street, where I found (according to Col. Williams' direc- 
tions) the place of old Mr. Eliot's habitation. It is the same Mr. Eliot 
who was call'd by the ancient historians of this country the Apostle of 
the Indians. He was the first settled minister in Eoxbury. I then 
went down into the burying yard but could not find the particular tomb 
wherein the old man was deposited. I spent near an hour in this yard 
in viewing the ancient inscriptions, &c. and then went round on the left 
of the line, where we have a new fort, and came over a small danl or 
dyke and up to Waterman's, where I set sometime in company with 
Col. Douglas, Maj. Thompson and Capt. Gale. The discourse was 
principally concerning Bushnell's machine, &c. I came into camp about 
sunset, and in the evening was some time in Lt. Chamberlin's tent, 
heard Ens? Vaugn tell several stories, &c. Then went to bed and 
rested very well. 

The 18th. I arose early in the morning and very well, attend the 
alarm post, &c., as usual, heard a famous report of an action of impor- 
tance at St. John's which only wants confirmation to please people. 
After breakfast I wrote a letter to my wife. I also see Mr. Edgerton 


and several other gentlemen from Norwich, heard that Mr. Isaac Tracy 
and Ben. Huntington, Esq. were chose representatives for Norwich. 
Some time before noon Cordilla vrent with Wm. Bidwell up into 
Roxbury about 4 miles, where Serg' Huntington is sick, &c., not to 
return till tomorrow. Toward night Simon Gates came to me with 
a writing from Doct. Turner concerning his son Asa Gates of our 
company, who has been sick for some time. I went with him to Col. 
Huntington, Gen' Spencer and Gen' Ward, where we finally obtained' 
a discharge for his son, after which we went down to the main guard. 
The enemy had fired a shot this day through the officers' room and 
slightly wounded two of the officers. After I had shewn Mr. Gates all 
the curiosities I was capable of, I return'd to camp and in the evening 
spent some time at Lieut. Chamberliu's tent, heard Ens" Vaughn tell 
many stories, some of which were very extraordinary, &c. 

Sept. the \^th, 1775. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., 
as usual, after which I took a very retired walk up on the south part 
of the hill. As I returned I came back by the new fort where Ens. 
Lefiingwell commanded the working party. I staid there some time, 
see the regulars fire several shot, &c. After I came home I went up 
to Gen' Ward's with Lt. Chamberlin of design to see some deserters, 
but when we came there we found we were too late, the prisoners 
being discharg'd and gone off, whereupon we came down to Col. 
Parsons' reg' and made Lt. Bingham a visit. We had also some of 
the company of Maj. Prentice, Capt. Coit, Capt. Chapman, &c. When 
I came home I had a hearty dinner of pork and cabbage, and I then 
wrote a letter to my wife. While I was about it I was warn'd on 
the piquet for this night. Accordingly at the usual time I paraded 
and again took the piquet on the left of the neck, had no house but 
the clouds, which were somewhat leaky, by which means the night 
prov'd tedious and we wish'd for the day as heartily as St. Paul and 
his company did when they were shipwrecked. 

The 20th. I dismissed my piquet in the morning as usual and went 
home and slept a nap. After breakfast I went with Ens. Leffingwell 
up to Waterman's where I see Azariah Lathrop, Russell Hubbard and 
some other Connecticut gentlemen. While we were there there fell a 
very heavy shower of rain. As I came home I met Charles Avery 
and Sam. Capron who gave me a letter from old uncle Gl I also 
wrote the old man an answer this day. The night following was 
rather colder than we have had before. 

The 2lst. In the morning had a very cold turning out to the alarm 
post. After my return I wrote my wife a cold letter, and after break- 
fast I went with Lt. Chamberlin and Ens. Vaughn up to Hallowell's 
hospital, and from there I went to see Serg' Huntington and Cordilla, 
who were up at old father Chamberlin's ; found them pretty well ; went 


with Huntington up to one Daviss' where we eat a hearty meal 
of peaches and returu'd to Chamberlin's where wo eat a hearty 
dinner of pork and cabbage. After dinner Cordilla and I came home 
to the camp by way of the old burying place that I was at last Satur- 
day. We there see another tomb open just by and much like the other 
that I see last Saturday. We look'd into it and observ'd twelve coiRns, 
small and great ; among them was one some broken, the lid of 
which I rais'd up with my staff and see the head of a corpse which 
was reduced to nothing but only the bones, the skin and flesh together 
with the burying clothes being entirely consum'd. We met Serg' 
Harris at Jamaica Plain, drank some brandy with him and came into 
camp a little before night. I found that Quartgr-master Fanning was 
return'd from Norwich. He afterwards gave me a letter from Mr. 
Joshua Lathrop, consequent on my writing to Capt. Hubbard the 
intelligence I gain'd concerning his connections in Boston on the 8th 
inst. I spent some time this evening with Sam. Capron at our tent : 
he gave us some account of the Stonington affair, &c. 

The 22c?. After visiting the alarm post, &c., as usual, I wrote to 
bro. Elisha and my wife, in order to send by Mr. Capron or Mr. Avery. 
I then took a walk up to the new fort with Lt. Bingham and Ens. 
Vaughn. Chamberlia was there on the works, «&c. This being the 
day of the king's coronation, there was a round fired from the cannon 
of the ships in Boston harbor and also on the common. About 1 
o'clock in consequence of a previous appointment I went to the Col's 
and din'd with him and a number of other gentlemen. In the after- 
noon it was very rainy and wet. Toward night my cousin Silas came 
into camp, brought me a letter from my wife and also an account of 
my friends' welfare at home. I went with Silas up to the meeting 
house, &c., then we came back and hunted till dark for his horse, but 
could not find him. 

The 23d Silas and I arose very early and instead of going to the 
alarm post I went with Silas to look for his horse. After some time 
we returned, not finding him, but after breakfast concluded to go back 
into the country and make inquiry, but before we left the camp we 
see a man coming in with the horse. I then went to Smith's tavern 
with Silas and the man that took up his horse, drank some brandy 
with them, and Silas and I went up to the meeting house and see the 
regulars fire, and while we stood looking on them the dogs hove one 
shot right over our heads, it lodg'd near the fort on the hill. After 
gazing there a while we came back into the camp, fix'd ourselves and 
set off for Cambridge. We had a very pretty walk there, being 
troubled with no other company on the road. After spending a little 
time in town we went up on to Prospect Hill, view'd the works there 
and on Bunker Hill, &c., after which I went to Mr. Murray's quarters 


but could not find him. We then came down into town again, found 
Jo. Williams, &c. He went and shew'd us Gen' Washington's quarters, 
&c. I there lit of a number of the Kirtlands, went to Peleg Hide's 
store where I set some time, and then Silas and I came back to Roxbury. 
This day there was upward of an hundred shot fired from the lines 
and battery of the regulars, without doing of us any material damage. 
There has not been so many shot fired in one day since we came into 

Sund. the 2Ath. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as 
usual. Silas went with us. After we came back Silas and 1 went to 
take a breakfast with Capt. Peters and a number of other gentlemen, 
who were pretty high fellows. We then went with Lt. Brewster 
down to our lines on the Neck, view'd the works, &c. After we came 
back I went with Silas after his horse and he set off for Cambridge 
again. At about one o'clock I din'd with my old friend Burril and 
his wife. In the afternoon I heard Mr. Ellis from Hebrews 1st, 14th. 
After meeting I did some writing in my tent, and while I am thus 
employ'd Capt. Humphrys warn'd me for the main guard tomorrow- 
In the evening Silas came back from Cambridge, and lodg'd the night 
following in Lt. Gove's tent. 

The 2bih. I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual. Silas went with 
me, and at the usual time I went with Silas on to the parade in order 
for the main guard. I receiv'd charge of the 2d relief and went on 
to the redoubts, where I stay'd till the middle of the afternoon. I 
wrote a letter to my wife. Our people fired three shot on the regulars 
while I was there. When I was reliev'd I came to the guard house 
and join'd the oflicer of the guard. Capt. Hammond commanded the 
guard. Col. Wyllys was field officer of the day. In the evening Col. 
Leonard the field officer of the piquet with Capt. Stockbridge, who was 
lately wounded by a cannon ball in the guard-house, and also a number 
of other officers of the piquet came in with us, and the night was spent 
in a rakish rather than agreeable manner to me, however I went 
several rounds, the grand rounds among the rest, and on the whole 
had as comfortable a guard as we could well expect. 

The 2Qth. Our guard was relieved in the usual time and manner by 
Capt. Ellsworth, &c. I then came up to Waterman's and took a 
breakfast with Col. Wyllys. About 10 o'clock came home to our tent, 
and went with Silas to Mr. Parker's after his horse. I also went with 
him on his way home up to Jamaica Plain, came back with Lt. 
Brewster. In the afternoon went with Lt. Pease over to Spencer's 
reg', spent some time at Capt. Robinson's tent in company with Capt. 
Chamberlin from Connecticut, &c. Pease and I then went up beyond 
the Punch Bowl tavern, to find him some white stockin'd woman, &c. 
As we came back I was in to see Lt. Humphrys and Lt. Mills, and 


just at night Pease and I went down toward Dorchester to see Capt. 
Walbridge of Col. Brewer's reg', came back in company with Maj. 
Danielson, &c. 

The 27 (h September, 1775. In the morning I attended the alarm 
post, &c., as usual, was then down at Lt. Brewster's tent to drink Ens. 
Perkins' cherry rum, came back and eat breakfast with Maj. Clark at 
our tent, after which I wrote my journal up to the present time. After 
dinner went with Capt. Jewett over to Col. Parsons', convers'd some 
with the Col. on account of the new adopted plan of filling up vacancies, 
&c. I then went up to Spencer's reg', see Mr. Whiting on the same 
account, and as I came home was catch'd in a hard shower of rain. 

T/ie 28th. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, 
then spent the greatest part of the forenoon in drawing a remonstrance 
to Gen' Washington, and at noon din'd at the Col's tent with the Royal 
Lodge, and in the afternoon I went with the capt. over to Gen' Spencer's 
reg', set sometime with Lt. Champion, then went down to Parsons' reg', 
was in at Maj. Prentice's tent, see Lt. Andrew Fitch, &c., there. I then 
heard Mr. Johnson pray and came home. 

The 29th. After attending the alarm post, &c., I went over to Col. 
Parsons', had some discourse with him, then took a walk up on to the 
hill with Serg' Major Cleveland, where we set and talk'd some time, I 
then came home and fell in company with Doct. Waldo. He din'd 
with me, and after dinner Capt. Jewett, the doctor and I went up to 
Brookline to see Ens. LefRngwell who is sick there. We then went a 
mile further in order to get some peaches, but found very poor picking 
indeed, so we came back about as light as we went. Call'd at Parsons' 
reg', see one of the continental commissions, which have of late made so 
much noise in the army, came home and at prayer see Capt. Rowley of 
our reg! In the evening Lt. Gove and I went to see Capt. Peters, set 
by his tire some time and then came home. It prov'd a very cold frosty 

Sept. 30th, 1775. It was a very cold morning. I escap'd going to 
the alarm post on account of going on the fatigue party. At 7 o'clock 
received the tools and went into the new fort: soon after we got to 
work our people fired a shot from our front on the right of the lines, 
upon which the regulars return'd about 30 heavy cannon, which on 
account of the clearness of the air sounded much the best of any guns 
1 have heard since I came into the camp : but I dont learn they have 
done any execution. Capt. Rowley and his officers came to me and 
spent some time with me while I was on the works this forenoon. At 
noon Lt. Gove and I were admitted into the regimental mess for the 
purpose of dining together. In the afternoon I attended the work at 
the front again. A ship came into the harbour, on which occasion there 
was many guns fir'd in Boston and on board the ship. Capt. Lyon's 
company came into town this day. 


Sund. Oct. \st. In the morning I attended at the alarm post, &c., as 
usual, then Beekwith and I took a walk up on the new fort, where we 
look'd out some time. After we came back I took a walk alone over 
beyond Gen' Heath's house, and when I return'd I went [withj Lt. 
Chamberlin over to Spencer's regf Heard Mr. Boardman * from Coloss. 
1st, 19th, was in at Capt. Robinson's tent a little while and then came 
home. In the afternoon I heard Mr. Ellis from Hosea 5th, 4th, lik'd 
him but indifferently, &c. After meeting a number of us deliver'd our 
commissions to Capt. Humphrys in order for the Col. to carry them to 
Cambridge tomorrow, that so we may receive continental ones. In the 
evening I heard a report that Doct. Church, surgeon general, was de- 
tected in holding a correspondence with the enemy by letters, if true a 
very devilish thing indeed, and it is hop'd that time will discover the 
truth of the charge. 

A few days past, it is said, that there was a large vessel taken at 
Cape Ann bound from Quebec to Boston loaded with provisions, and in 
it I understand is a packet from Governor Carlton to Gen' Gage, with 
intelligence somewhat favourable to the Americans. I hope it is true. 

The 2d. In the morning I attended the alarm post as usual, and 
after breakfast went with Lt. Gove and Ens. Vaughn up to Gen' 
Spencer's and Col. Parsons' j^eg*", then we went down below the meet- 
ing house and see Col. Learned's reg' as they were mustering before 
Mr. Mifflin, the muster master general. This day was the first of Lt. 
Gove and I dining with the officers' mess. After dinner I wrote a 
letter to my wife and went with Lt. Gove up to the sign of the Punch 
Bowl in order to send it home by Ens. Leffingwell. "We staid there 
some time waiting to see Leffingwell and finally he came and receiv'd 
our letters and set off for Norwich as we. set out for the camp. We 
came down to Col. Danielson's reg' who were paraded in order to be 
muster'd, but the muster [master] general did not come seasonably, and 
so the reg' were dismiss'd without. We then came home by way of 
Col. Walker's reg', see Lt. Robertson and some others play at nine 
holes, &c. In the evening Capt. Jewett went to Dedham in order to 
overtake Ens. Leffingwell to get some papers, &c., that were very neces- 
sary for the company. He return'd next morning, not finding him. 

The Sd. In the morning it rain'd, by which means we were pre- 
vented attending the alarm post as usual. This forenoon I went with 
Lieut Gove up to Jamaica Plain to see Elijah Johnson who is sick. 
Coming back met Doct. Cogswell who told us considerable news con- 
cerning the famous Doct. Church, now confin'd at Cambridge for 
treachery, &c. Came back and din'd with the mess, Doct. Church was 

' Rev. Benjamin Boardman, of Middle Haddam, Conn., chaplain of the 
Second Connecticut Regiment. His diary at the siege of Boston was printed 
in 2 Proceedings, vol. vii. pp. 400-413. — Ens. 


all the toast. After dinner play'd a little at ball, &c. Toward night 
Capt. Belcher and Simon Brewster came into camp, by whom I hear of 
the death of old uncle Wm. Brewster, who died last week. The night 
following I lodg'd very cold and was much unwell. 

Octob. Uh, mb. Was a very chilly cold morning. It falling to 
my lot to provide a dinner for the mess I spent some time in providing 
the necessary materials, and about 10 o'clock went with Capt. Belcher, 
Lts. Gove and Chamberlin over to see Col. Parsons' reg' muster. Com- 
ing back was in Eldredge's with Capt. Ripley, Lt. Hubbard and a great 
number of officers of Spencer's and Parsons' reg"*. When we came 
home our people were at dinner. Col. Keyes dined with us, &c. After 
dinner we soon paraded in order to muster, and soon went through the 
ceremonies to good acceptance. Toward night it began to rain. Amos 
Andrus came into the camp, tells me of my family's being well when 
he left home. This day Lt. Turrel came into camp. 

The bth. Was a wet lowery day. Capt. Jewett and I went to the 
guard house, see Jon" Harrington, who Serg' Clark and Corp' Burnham 
bro't home last night, he having deserted Col. Hitchcock's reg' in the 
Rhode Island service and afterward inlisted under Lt. Gove. Clark 
and Burnham went after him last Saturday and found him at Smith- 
field in the Colony of Rhode Island. The capt. and I after making 
the old fellow a short visit went to Gen' Spencer's for advice concern- 
ing him, upon which Clark and Burnham were sent to Cambridge with 
him. This day I wrote a letter to my wife and one to my fathei-. In 
the evening we had a mighty rumpus about a certain corporal who it 
seems was somewhat groggy. A sergeant, &c., exerted himself much 
on the occasion, although not very much to his honour. 

Roxbury camp, Oct. fith, 1775. In the morning I attended the 
alarm post, &c., as usual, after which I wrote a letter to bro. Elisha in 
great haste in order to send with my other letters by Simon Brewster. 
I also went over to Col. Parsons' reg' with Mr. Post. While we sit 
there we hear some cannon, on which we immediately went up on the 
hill where we spent about half an hour looking on the dogs to see them 
fire, in which time they gave us about an hundred shot. I understand 
they shot off a man's arm, belonging to Col. Brewer's reg' and kill'd 
two cows. So much for 100 shot. After this I came back to our 
camp with Mr. Post and then went with him up to Waterman's, spent 
some time with him there and also see old Andrew Miner, with whom I 
served in my first campaign in 1756, under Col. Whiting, &c.^ After 
attending my friend Post I came into camp about noon, when Cordilla 
gave me several letters. I read one from Cynthia to me and another 

1 William Wliiting was appointed, in March, 1756, lieutenant-colonel of the 
Second Connecticut Regiment, to proceed on tlie expedition against Crown 
Point. See Conn. Col. Records, vol. x. p. 471. — Eds. 


from Darius to Dilla, and being in haste to attend the officers at dinner 
put the rest of 'em into my pocket while after dinner, and drinking two 
glasses of wine when I went into my lodging tent, where I read a 
glorious letter from my wife, which was very entertaining. I immedi- 
ately sat down and wrote her a long letter in return, after which I took 
a walk alone up on the hill and read my letter from bro. Elisha ; it 
was principally concerning my neighbour Rogers' conduct. The read- 
ing of this letter edg'd my ill nature as much as the other had smooth'd 
it, however I return'd to camp and wrote a spirited answer to the last 
letter in order that it may be convey'd by Serg' Haskell to my brother, 
I being told he was to leave the camp tomorrow morning. When I 
had done this the sun was down and I went immediately on the piquet, 
took command of that party assign'd for the marsh, placed the cen- 
tries and repair'd to a barn near the meeting house where we made 
our headquarters for the night. I spent part of the night in company 
with Ens. Babcock who commanded the meeting house guard. The 
night was pleasant, the moon shin'd while almost day, and I had 
on the whole a comfortable piquet. The night before this old Spears 

The lih. It is this day a year since the selectmen finish'd laying out 
the Haskell highway. I spent most of the forenoon in writing in my 
journal and other necessary writing. I was also in Lt. Chamberliu's 
tent a little while in company with Lt. Holdrich and Capt. Robertson. 
Holdrich sung a song or two, &c. About one I din'd at Maj. Clark's 
house, a very elegant house it is, and we had for our company beside 
the common mess Col. Danielson, Mr. Ellis, all the field officers of our 
reg', Maj' Trumbull, Mr. Keyes, Mr. Whiting, Eb. Huntington and 
several others. A very noble entertainment we had and agreeable 
conversation with the rest. After dinner we return'd to our camp, and 
there I found my old neighbour Jo. Randal, lately from Norwich. I 
had half an hour's discourse with him concerning my family and 
friends at home, which was more agreeable to me than the other, 
although among those suppos'd great ones. After this I took a walk 
with him over on to the hill above Parsons' reg!, took a little view of 
the town of Boston, &c., after which I return'd home alone. At dinner 
Col. Danielson gave us a more full account of Doct. Church's past 
conduct than 1 have ever had before, by which it appears that no man 
on the continent could be more perfectly acquainted with the doings of 
all the congresses, both continental and provincial, as well as all other 
conventions wherein the common cause of liberty was concern'd than 
he, so that it seems he was perfectly furnish'd for a compleat traitor ; 
that he has been much improv'd in the cause of liberty in the place of 
his nativity ever since the controversy began, and as he was undeniably 
a true patriot, he was admitted to go into Boston to attend the men 



who were wounded and made prisoners at Bunker Hill on the 1 7th of 
June ; that when he return'd he gave an account that he was treated 
roughly by Gage and confin'd for a considerable time. I have learn'd 
before that he has lately been a journey through the country as far as 
Philadelphia for the purpose aforesaid. 

Sund. Octoh. 8th, 1775. A wet lowery morning. In the forenoon 
I wrote a letter to bro. Rudd &c. In the afternoon I heard Mr. Ellis 
from Romans 13th, 7th. I liked the fore part of his discourse vastly 
well, much better than I had ever done any of his performances before, 
but as he drew toward a close he meddled a little with matters of 
religion and also gave some broad hints in the military way, in both of 
which according to his wonted practice he made very blundering work, — 
that is in my humble opinion so. In the evening Capt. Jewett and I 
went over to Col. Parsons' reg', made Capt. Sill, &c., a visit. Col. 
Parsons came in there and had much to say about the alarm post, &c. 

The 9th. I arose at 4 o'clock, the moon shone very bright and 
pleasant, we attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, immediately after 
which I wrote my yesterday's adventures and observations, and after 
breakfast went up to the meeting house to see one of the rifle-men 
receive his punishment, which was whipping 39 lashes and drum'd out 
of the reg' with great ceremotiy, &c. After I came back I wrote to my 
father, and at noon din'd in the mess as usual, after which I went down 
to Col. Douglas' to carry some letters to send home by Seth Smith. 
When I came there I lit of Maj. Whiting and Mr. John Perrit from 
Norwich. Perrit reminded me of my letter I sent to Capt. Hubbard, 
which letter he said he had seen. Toward night I went with Lt. Gove 
down to the main guard, to make Capt. Peters and Lt. Eb. Brewster a 
visit, set with them some time, &c. In the evening I set some time 
with Lt. Chamberlin and his brother from Connecticut, they had this 
day been to Cambridge, but I dont learn much news by them. Last 
night I heard of the death of Col. Conant of Mansfield and Mr. Hill- 
house of New Haven. 

TTie lOtk. I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after which I 
went by Capt. Jewett's order up to Jamaica Plain to apply to Doct. 
Turner for his assistance in procuring discharges for Silas Leonard, 
Levi Luther and Tim^ Brainard. I obtain'd his certificate, eat a very 
good breakfast with the doctor and some other gentlemen and ladies, 
had considerable discourse with the doctor about Norwich affairs, &c. 
I there also see Doct. Cogswell, who shew'd us the substance of Doct. 
Church's letters, which have been the occasion of so much noise both 
in camp and country. I also heard of the wonderful success of the 
renown'd British fleet and troops in the late glorious attack and cannon- 
ade at Rhode Island in which, although they expended no more than 
about one hundred and sixty shot, yet it is said they have kill'd or 


mortally wounded two whole geese. I have as yet not heard what 
damage his majesty's fleet have receiv'd from the geese in this warm 
and important engagement, or whether they have not come off entirely 
without loss, but the latter seems unlikely, although it is not impossible, 
since the natural and acquired abilities of both the commander and 
people are so incomparably great. After breakfast I came back to 
Col. Huntington's, got his approbation on the doctor's certificate, and 
then repaired to Gen' Ward, by whom I obtain'd full discharges for the 
three men. I then return'd to my own incampment and at noon din'd 
with the officers as usual. Immediately after dinner I assisted with 
Lt. Bissell and Lt. Gove in apprising the effects of the late Asa Chap- 
man, deceas'd, of Col. Huntington's company ; after which service was 
accomplish'd I also assisted in a settlement of an affair between Lt. Hall 
and Doct. Waldo, concerning the ride of an horse to Connecticut, &c. 
In the evening Capt. Pease and I took a walk up to the Hallowell 
hospital. I wanted to see Doct. Turner to shew him a letter that I just 
now received from Dan' Hall, some passages of which I did not under- 
stand, nor was the doctor able to explain it. We came home early in 
the evening. I found the boys alone, eat some supper and went to 
writing, and the boys went off to bed ; but after some time a boy came 
and call'd me to go to Lt. Brewster's markee, where I found most of 
the officers of the reg', sat down and drank several plump toasts with 
them for about the space of an hour, then came home and turned in 
with Cordilla in my bed room. 

The Wth. In the morning attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, 
and after breakfast I went with a number of men and an horse cart 
into Boston and brought out a load of brick to build us a chimney. At 
11 o'clock the officers of the reg' waited on Capt. Ellsworth, received a 
generous drink of punch, and at about one our mess din'd together. 
Col. Douglas, &c., was with us. After dinner we played a little at ball. 
I then wrote ati answer to my friend Hall's letter, which employ'd me 
while night, and in the evening I sat some time in the regimental tent 
in company with most of the officers of the reg'. Lt. Turrel gave us 
a moderate drink of wine, being ready to depart on the morrow, hav- 
ing previously obtain'd a discharge. We came home and turn'd in 
between 8 and 9 o'clock, soon after which we had a smart thunder- 
shower, which wet us considerably in our tents. 

The \2th. It rain'd some in the morning, which detain'd us some 
time from going to the alarm post, but after a while Maj. Clark and I 
went down and the reg* soon follow'd. When we arriv'd we found Col. 
Huntington there ; he confirm'd the news we heard yesterday concern- 
ing the sickness of our army at Montreal, and also of the report of the 
Hanoverian and British troops expected from Europe. Time only will 
discover to us the consequences of these things. After breakfast I 


went up to Jamaica Plain to see Doct. Turner, in order to obtain a 
furlough for John Louden, but the doctor being in haste could do noth- 
ing about it at present. I had also an invitation this day to dine at 
Waterman's on turtle, but to avoid excess of company, &c., together 
with extravagance of expence I did not go, but spent most of the day 
in writing, began on a new subject, &c. In the evening was in at Lt. 
Chamberlin's tent some time and turn'd in early. Between 12 and 1 
this night the Pilgrims' Progress by moonlight went through the camp, 
wanted Ens. Bingham should rise and look on the upper side of the 
moon to see what the weather would be, had also many other astro- 
nomical observations too tedious to be here inserted, but finally this 
mighty phenomenon to our great sorrow disappear'd and according to 
his own threatning did not return till after our return from the alarm 
post, &c. 

The \Zth. Attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after which I went 
up to the Hallovvell house, obtain'd Doct. Turner's certificate concern- 
ing Louden, then apply'd to Col. Huntington for his approbation, and 
when I had procur'd that I went to Gen' Ward and procured a furlough 
for the said John Louden for 1 5 days. Tiiis day our mess din'd at Col. 
Douglas', had a very good entertainment, &c. This day also we began 
to build our chimney. Toward night I was in at Lt. Andrus' tent, 
when Mr. Ellis and Mr. Ives came in there, had some conversation 
with them, &c. At night I went on to piquet. Maj. Mitchell was the 
field oflicer, &c. Capt. Robinson of Stafford was with us. We spent 
the night chiefly at the main guard house, but I wore the pavements in 
Roxbury street some by walking, &c., but however, on the whole, we 
had a very comfortable piquet and in the morning following Capt. 
Robinson came home with me. He and I sat some time together. He 
also told me last night of the death of the old widow Abiah Andrus. 
She was his own aunt. I also heard yesterday of the deaths of John 
Birihop's wife and Elijah Bishop's wife. I also see Amasa Standish, 
who tells me that he understood two of my children were sick last 
week of the camp distemper, which news gives me great uneasiness, &c. 

Roxbury Camp OclolT lith, 177 b. About noon I receiv'd a very 
obliging letter from my friend Hall. Dined in the mess as usual, 
waited a long while for the bak'd beef and mutton. Toward night 
Doct. Turner was here, we had considerable musical discourse, &c. 
Nat. Bishop was also here lately arriv'd from Norwich, but I learn 
nothing from any of them how it is with my family. 

Sund. the \bth. Attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after which 
Cordilla and I fix'd ourselves and set off for Cambridge, went by Brook- 
line fort, and from there on the west side of Cambridge river up to the 
bridge, then went into town, made a little stop at Jabez Post's quarters, 
and then to Maj' Durkee's, and after a short conference with him went 


up on to Prospect Hill, expecting to hear Mr. Murray,^ but was 
unhappily disappointed by hearing another of the old reading Trojans 
from 2d Corin. 10th, 4th, 5th. After the forenoon exercise was over 
I had a long conversation with a Boston capt. concerning Doct. Church, 
&c. Cordilla and I then went over to Plow'd Hill, took a view of that, 
and from there to Winter Hill, view'd the works and inoampment there 
and then back to Prospect Hill, call'd at Gen' Green's to enquire after 
Mr. Murray, and by means of his directions I soon found him, had con- 
siderable discourse with him and one Stephens from Cape Ann, we also 
din'd with them and Gen' Green, had a choice good dinner with genteel 
accommodations, after which Mr. Murray, Mr. Stephens and I took a 
very agreeable walk together and we parted in Col. Sergeant's reg'. 
Dilla and I then went down into Cambridge town, and after shewing 
him Gen' Putnam's, Gen' Washington's and the commissary gen'" 
quarters, with a number of other curiosities, we came over the bridge 
and home ; but by the way we met Serg' Huntington and had his com- 
pany. In the evening spent some time with the officers at the major's 
quarters, we had a very good drink of punch, &c. 

The X&th. In the morning we attended the alarm post as usual, and 
after that and breakfast Elisha Colt, Cordilla and I went down to 
Dorchester, intending to get a permit of Col. Fellows to go over on to 
Dorchester Neck and get some hearthstones for our tent, but the Col. 
refused giving us a permit, and so of consequence we got no hearth- 
stones but came back as light as we went. We dined in the mess this 
day as usual, after which we played ball most of the afternoon, and 
when we had done with that we went to Keyes' and took a game at 
another play more agreeable, if possible, than the other ; it was in fact 
no other than a game at brandy sling, and we all got the game too and 
yet none of us beat nor got beat, but all came off good fellows, &c. 
Randal was there, sung us several songs, &c. The evening following 
Capt. Jewett and I wrote, each of us, a letter to our wives : it was 
very late when we had done. 

The nth. In the morning attended the alarm post as usual. After 
I came back I wrote another letter to my wife and did some other writ- 
ing (viz.) this and the foregoing page. After dinner play'd a game at 
ball as usual, and then to writing again, &c. About sunset took a walk 
with Doct. Turner up to Jamaica Plain, visited Capt. Hubbard, &c. He 
is sick there. I then came back to the Hallowell hospital with the 
doctor, found considerable company there and among others was some 
young ladies. Several songs were sung, and a german flute was also 
occupied a little. I sat with them, drank a glass of wine and came 

1 Rer, John Murray, the founder of XJniversalism in America. He was at 
this time chaplain of the Rhode Island brigade, and was afterward minister of 
ihe Uuiversalist Society in Gloucester, Mass. — Eds. 


away a little after 8 o'clock. I came home alone, the 9 o'clock gun 
fired as I was coming home. I went into Lt. Chamberliu's tent, sat 
some time in his company, when we heard a very heavy report of a 
cannon, and after some time we heard several other cannon, the loudest 
that I have heard since I came into camp. We also heard a number 
of small arms in the night. 

October 18<A, 1775. After attending the alarm post, &c., as usual, 
Asael Cook came into camp, bro't me two letters, one from my wife 
and the other from cousin Silas ; they give me the agreeable account of 
my family being in health, which is the more acceptable at this time as 
I have lately heard that two of them were sick of the camp distemper, 
which by the letters receiv'd I understand was a mistake and arose 
from the two youngest children lately being exercised with unusual 
swellings on their necks, but I learn the poor little things are better. 
Mr. Cook also bro't me a shirt and pair of breeches. After reading 
my letters with peculiar attention I took a walk with Col. Douglas and 
Mr. Hillyer down to the meeting house, on purpose to find the cer- 
tainty of the last night's adventure in the extraordinary firing, &c., and 
after the best inquiry, &c., we learn that one of our floating batteries 
came down Cambridge river and fired many cannon into Boston, by 
the last of which the guu split, kill'd one man outright and wounded 
six or seven others, some of whom are said to be mortally wounded, 
but we have not yet the certainty of the particulars. Dined in the 
mess this day as usual, after which had a little exercise in the military 
way. A number of us had then a famous controversy on account of a 
ticket of Ens. Perkins', but it was finally amicably settled like many 
other affairs at Keyes' in the continental way. In the evening Capt. 
Jewett, Lt. Gove and I went up to the Hallowell hospital to see Doct. 
Turner, we spent the evening very agreeably, had what Capt. Jewett 
call'd a raising, &c., came home about 10 o'clock, were challeng'd by 
the sentries, &c. 

The \^th. Now in the morning it is lowery, by which we are pre- 
vented attending the alarm post. I have done some writing and am 
now engag'd about breakfast, have salt pork and onions fry'd and also 
some boil'd eggs. After breakfast I wrote a letter to my wife and one 
to Prosper Rudd. After dinner I spent some time in company with 
Asael Cook, Randal and Abra. Adams, who were at our tent. Cook 
was going home, I wrote by him, &c. At night I went on to the 
piquet. Col. Wyllys was the field officer who commanded. The night 
was very cold and wet, the most tedious tour of duty I have done in camp 
this season ; we were also alarm'd the latter part of the night by the 
enemy firing on the redoubts, by which means I had another tour at the 
advanc'd posts, &c. I also this night catch'd two big falls, by reason of 
the excessive darkness of the night. 


The 2Qth. In the morning our piquet were dismiss'd as usual, and I 
came up to Waterman's with Col. Wyllys and Ens. Nevens, where we 
drauk some brandy sling and parted. I came home and provided a 
dinner for the mess this day. It is a damp lowery day, but we exer- 
cised considerably under the direction of Col. Douglas. 

The 2 1 sf was a very rainy day. The discourse of the day is chiefly 
taken up on the affair of engaging to continue in the service till the 1st 
of Jan!' The officers engag'd, &c. At night Capt. Jewett and Lt. 
Gove went on piquet. Elisha and I wrote considerably. 

Sunday the 22d. Attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, and after 
breakfast we call'd out the company and made a tryal to see who would 
stay in the service till the 1st of Jan'' next, but not a man would engage. 
After this Capt. Jewett and I went up to Jamaica Plain to hear Mr. 
Gordon.' He is an old country man, was a minister some time in 
Loudon, has now been settled about five years in Roxbury and has been 
chaplain to the continental and provincial congress, lately come home 
from Philadelphia. Sermon was partly done when we got to meeting, 
so that we heard but part. At noon the capt. and I went up to one 
Louder's where our Elijah Johnson is sick. They treated us there with 
a good dinner, &c. We came back in the afternoon, heard Mr. Gordon 
again from Psalm 13th, 3d, 4th, 5th and 6th. I liked his discourse the 
best of any preaching that I have heard since I came into camp. As 
we came home we call'd at Cap. Williams' to see Asa Keiie, and also 
at the Spencer hospital to see Wallis and Mullendine. When we came 
home Mr. Beckwith shewed us some orders respecting a future cam- 
paign, which seems to be matter of great exercise to my mind, but 
however I intend to sleep on it for advice, &c. This night Capt. Ripley 
came into camp, having lately been home to Connecticut on furlough. 

The 23d. Attended the alarm post, &c., as usual. After breakfast 
I went with Serg* Clark up to Jamaica Plain to see Doct. Turner, took 
a walk with him among the sick, &c. I then came back, was much 
engag'd in writing, and about one went to Col. Douglas' to dine with 
the mess. After our return I learnt that Serg' Huntington and Corp' 
Billings were going home on furlough, on which I hurried myself in 
finishing two letters I had then begun, one to bro. Rudd and the other 
to my wife. I finished them both and went to work on another which 
then engag'd my attention much, and just as I had done it in comes Lt. 
Eb. Brewster, Lt. Gallop, Sam. Ellis and some others, who set some 
time with me, and then I went with them up to Waterman's and from 
there down to Gen' Spencer's, see Gov. Griswold, &c., then return'd to 
Waterman's, eat some neat's tongue and chicken pie, see his excellency 

1 Rev. William Gordon, minister of the Third Church in Roxbury (Jamaica 
Plain). He was afterward the author of a " History of the Rise, Progress, and 
Establishment of the Independence of the United States." — Eds. 


and the honorable committee of Congress, after which I came home 
and began to write a letter to my wife, was interrupted by some noisy 
centries, so that I was prevented from finishing my work this night and 
therefore adjourn'd it. 

The 2ith. In the morning attended the alarm post as usual, and 
when I came back I hurried myself in order to finish my letter to my 
wife, expecting Ellis would immediately call for it, but he not coming 
along I went with Lt. Gove up to the Hallovvell hospital, see Doct. 
Turner, spent some time with him, &c. I then return'd home, din'd in 
the mess as usual, &c., after which I finish'd a piece of writing that I 
intended for the Col., &c. About sunset Sam. Ellis came into our 
camp, I went with him to Col. Huntington's quarters in order to pro- 
cure a discharge for his son, and after the Col.'s approbation I went 
with Ellis to Gen' Spencer's and also to Gen' Ward's where we pro- 
cur'd a final discharge for Peter Ellis of our company. Gen' Ward 
also told me of the ministerialists destroying a town at Casco Bay, &c. 
I came home some time in the evening, visited my friend Newel, had 
considerable conversation with him on certain affairs known only to us 
ourselves, &c. There was also a great noise among the soldiers this 
evening; some call'd it mutinous, seditious, &c. 

The ii)th. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual. 
It was very cold, &c. Sam. Ellis was with us a little while in the morn- 
ing. This forenoon there was what may be call'd in the Continental 
language a devilish noise among some of the officers about the last 
night's affair. There was also a consultation among some of the officers 
on the affair, and also respecting who would and who would not con- 
tinue in the service, &c. Serg! Clark and clerk Beckwith were highly 
accus'd in the last night's affair, examin'd and caution'd at our tent. I 
also wrote considerable of the foregoing affairs this forenoon. We din'd 
together as usual. Parson Ellis was also with us. In the afternoon I 
wrote a letter to Gen' Putnam, after which I took a walk up to Jamaica 
Plain, where I lit of Ens. Leffingwell as he was coming into camp, hav- 
ing been home for some time on furlough. I return'd into camp with 
Leffingwell and in the evening was in company at Capt. Pease's where 
we drank flip plentifully. 

Roxhury Camp, Octob. 26<A, 1775. In the morning I neglected the 
alarm post as I was going on duty. Mr. Ellis took breakfast with us, 
and while we were eating we had a little dispute concerning ecclesiastical 
establishments, which I spoke somewhat slightly about, on which the 
parson signified that if I was of such sentiments he wish'd I was in 
Rome or some other country, on which I told him I chose to be here 
and let those bigots who so much resembled the church of Rome go 
there, so as to enjoy their own opinions and have them establish'd by 
human, or rather inhumane, laws. The old fellow then pertinently 
replies. You have now given me tit for tat. 


At the usual time I mounted the main guard with Capt. Liscomb of 
"Walker's reg? He came from Taunton, &c. I had also with me Lts. 
Shaw, Howland, Cobern, Goodiich and Ed. Brewster. The weather 
was comfortable and we had much company, among others I visited the 
lines with Col. Douglas and Jonas Brewster. In the afternoon we had 
great plenty of ladies who came to view the lines, &c., by which means 
our capt. was absent when the field officer of the day. Col. Putnam, 
visited tlie guard. The night was spent pretty jolly, &c., the grand 
round somewhat on tricks. 

Tlie tlth. In the morning we had a very jolly time of it till our 
guard was reliev'd at the usual time, and nothing extraordinary has 
happen'd during our guard, unless it be the news of four thousand troops 
landing at Virginia. This was told us in the morning by Col. Bailey 
when he came to the alarm post. Just as I came home from my guard 
Lt. Chamberlin set off for Connecticut on furlough. About one din'd 
in the mess as usual, after which I was requested to settle an affair or 
rather a question between Capt. Ellsworth and clerk Newel, the conse- 
quence of which was one quart of wine in favour of the former. After 
1, with the assistance of one Ens. Paine from Bolton drinking of the 
wine, &c., I came home and wrote an honest letter to old uncle C 
While I was thus employ'd Mundator Tracy and Jonas Brewster came 
to our markee, sat with us some time, and in the evening I have now 
undertaken to write again, but our good neighbour Capt. Pease is come 
in to see us, so I must desist for the present. 

The 28<A. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, 
see Mr. Gale from Norwich when on the parade, &c. After breakfast 
I went up to Jamaica Plain, see our sick, I also met Doct. Turner as I 
was returning home, conversed with him a little on our camp affairs, &c. 
It now rains considerably, the wind at N. E. and looks likely for a 
tedious storm. Just at night I went to Col. Huntington in order to pro- 
cure a furlough for Jacob Williams, but could not obtain it. A tedious 
stormy night follow'd. 

Sund. the i^th. Attended the alarm post in the morning as usual, 
after which the capt. and I between us made a very good toast and the 
boys a good dish of chocolate, and so we had a very good breakfast. 
This forenoon I wrote a letter to bro. Elisha, and while I was about 
it Capt. Elisha Lathrop made me a visit. I spent some time with 
him, &c. In the afternoon I heard Mr. Ellis from Coloss. 4th, 2d. 
After meeting I lit of Deac. Huntington from Norwich. He gave me a 
letter from Prosper Rudd and also some for Cordilla, read them with 
much satisfaction, &c. In the evening I began to write a letter to my 
wife, but was oblig'd to leave it and go up to the Hallowell hospital 
with Capt. Jewett and Lt. Gove. We made Doct. Turner a visit. We 
also see Capt. Chester and young Eb. Huntington there, heard some 



very good singing, &c. When we came home we found that Capt. 
Jewett and I were waru'd for a court martial tomorrow. I also heard 
this night at Doct. Turner's of the death of old Sheriff Christophers at 
N. London and of Lt. Wadsworth of Spencer's reg' who is to be buried 
under arms tomorrow. 

The 80th. I attended the alarm post, &c., in the morning as usual, 
after which I was invited down to Lt. Brewster's raarkee to drink 
brandy sling, and after breakfast Capt. Jewett and I fix'd off for the 
general court martial at Smith's tavern, and after a very long and 
spirited debate concerning Eb. Huntington's being admitted as a mem- 
ber, which finally terminated in the affirmative, we went upon business 
and entered on the tryal of one [blank] for stealing Capt. Liscomb's pocket 
book. We got but part through the cause and adjourn'd till tomorrow 
morning 9 o'clock. Capt. Jewett, Mr. Hillyer and I then came home 
and dined at the mess, after which a number of us went up to Jamaica 
Plain to attend Lt. Wadsworth's funeral. He died at the widow 
Newel's. A little after we came to the house Capt. Scott of that reg' 
invited us into the house. We first went into the large south room, 
where the corpse lay ; there was also the deceas'd's mother, who is a 
widow, and her son, a young man, who both came into town yesterday 
after the Lt. was dead. After looking at the corpse Capt. Scott led us 
up into a large handsome chamber where was two large pictures of men 
almost as big as their full size, who they were I could not learn but 
understood they were some of the Boston Tories. Beside these we ob- 
serv'd the effigies of old Caleb and Joshua, when they return'd to the 
Israehtish camp with each of them a back load of the grapes of Eschcol. 
After viewing those curiosities awhile and the people came to attend 
the funeral, we went down. Mr. Boardman made a very loud prayer, 
after which the coffin being plac'd on a bier in the yard and cover'd 
with a very curious black velvet burying cloth lin'd with black silk, 
having six tassels as large as large thistles hanging by cords about half 
a yard long, and two drawn swords dress'd in mourning laid crossing 
each other on the top of the coffin, — the procession then began in the 
following manner (viz.) 1st an advanc'd guard of about 20 men com- 
manded by a subaltern, who march'd with revers'd arms, then foUow'd 
the sergeants of the reg', who serv'd as bearers and march'd in the front 
of the corpse, then follow'd immediately after three carriages in which 
rode the mourners with some other ladies, next to them follow'd the 
officers of Spencer's reg' in two ranks, then the other officers of the 
army in like manner, then the standard of the reg' carried by Ens. 
Huntley and displayed with a broad black ribband fix'd at the top of 
the staff, then follow'd the drums and fifes of the reg' dress'd in mourn- 
ing, and the reg' followed with revers'd arms, Capt. Wells and Capt. 
Wills bringing up the rear of the whole procession, — the musick 


playing a funeral march constantly during the whole march which was 
a mile and a half, and during the last half mile Brookline bell toll'd 
constantly and until the funeral was quite over. The whole was con- 
ducted in the most decent and orderly manner, and made in my opinion 
the most beautiful and solemn appearance that I have ever seen upon a 
like occasion. 

I return'd home a little after sunset and receiv'd a letter from my 
friend Hall, which I read with great pleasure and satisfaction. I then 
spent most of the evening in writing some of the foregoing pages, and 
now our people are all gone to bed and I think it prudent to follow 
their example, &c. But after I quitted the markee, and as I was going 
to my lodging I espy'd Ens. Vaughn Water, or some other man at his 
tent, much engag'd at cutting up something as I suppose of the wooden 
species, but however I ask'd no questions for conscience sake, consider- 
ing the earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof. 

The 31s<. I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after which I was 
for a short space in company at Capt. Ellsworth's markee upon a special 
occasion, upon the mint order, in the continental way, &c. After break- 
fast Capt. Jewett and I hurried off for the general court martial, in order 
to be surely at the place by 9 o'clock, the time appointed for that pur- 
pose. We came there in good season, and at half after 9 the court 
was open'd. Two prisoners were try'd on suspicion of theft, — they 
belong'd to Col. Walker's reg' and were confiu'd by Capt. Liscomb ; — 
and also two others for being absent from their company without lib- 
erty, — the two latter were confln'd by Col. Putnam; — but they were 
all acquitted and doings of the court martial also approv'd by the gen- 
eral. This court consisted of the following oificers (viz.) Col. Bailey, 
president, Capt. Chester, judge advocate, members, Capts. Wells, Camp- 
bell, Peters and Jewett, Lts. Danford, Grey, Pope, Stidson, Fitch, Ely, 
Huntington and Whipple. At about 1 o'clock, having accomplish'd 
the business for which we were appointed, we adjourn'd until Friday 
next, supposing that the general would dissolve the court before that 
time. We then came home and din'd in the mess as usual. I had this 
forenoon two remarkable fits of sickness, which although they contiuu'd 
but a short time yet they were very severe and uncomfortable, but I 
was soon as well as ever. The afternoon we spent chiefly in playing 
ball, and at night I unexpectedly went on piquet. It fell to my lot to 
fall under the command of Capt. Rowley, who commanded the piquet 
on the left. The fore part of the night I spent at the main guard house 
iti company with Capt. SpiCer who commanded the main guard. Capt. 
Trowbridge, Lt. Mills, Ens. Huntley, Ens. Lefflngwell, &c., were with 
us. The latter part of the night I spent at the redoubt, and a cold 
tedious time I had, but daylight reach'd us in the morning or I don't 
know what we should have done. 

November Ist, 1775. In the morning I left the piquet and made 


Capt. Peters a short visit, &c. After breakfast Capt. Jewett and I went 
up to the Hallowell hospital, spent some time there with Doct. Turner, 
&c. I also lit of John Andrus at Parker's, spent some time with him 
and came back to camp in company with Serg' Carpenter, &c. A little 
after 12 din'd in the mess as usual, after which play'd a game at ball, 
exercis'd the firelock a little, &c., after which I began to write a letter 
to my wife, and in the evening I made Col. Leonard a little visit. This 
night we had a plaguy rumpus about Serg' Harris' boy and old Swift 
of Col. Huntington's company. 

The 2d. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after 
which I assisted in releasing old Swift from liis confinement at the quar- 
ter guard on account of Harris' boy, &c. I then shav'd, fix'd myself a 
little and set off for Cambridge. I went most of the way alone. The 
generals also overtook me while on the road. I made a short visit at 
Gen' Putnam's and then went to his reg', fell in company with Capt. Jed. 
Waterman, Lt. Huntington, Lt. Andrew Fitch, &c. Spent consider- 
able time, din'd with them and heard the reading of an handbill from 
Salem which gave an account of a rupture at home, &c. I then went up 
into Cambridge town, took a walk in the burying yard agreeable to my 
wonted practice, for the purpose of viewing curiosities. The first which 
engaged my attention was a large tombstone of a very elegant make 
but no kind of inscription on it, although it was supported by five large 
curious stone pillars. There was indeed on the top of the tombstone 
the figure of the sun and under it that of a wine glass curiously engrav'd 
on the stone, which gave me to understand that the person there interred 
was accustom'd to drink wine by daylight, &c.^ I then made Jo. Wil- 
liams a visit and also Jabez Post, after which 1 call'd in at the old 
woman's where they sell apple pies, I there eat an apple pie, and drank 
some flip, after which I came off and soon fell in company with a man who 
lately belong'd to Boston, as he tells me. I had much discourse with 
him on the road, concerning the people of Boston, &c. I made a little 
stop at the Punch Bowl, where there was fiddling and dancing in great 
plenty. After sitting and resting myself a little I came home a little 
before daylight in. When I came home the boys told me many stories 
concerning affairs transacted while I was gone, 1st, that the quarter 
guard was augmented and commanded by a subaltern. 2dly, that 
Eeuben Reed was confin'd on account of a very devilish affair indeed, 
it is for threatening to rescue a prisoner confin'd at our quarter guard 
and also speaking contemptuouslv of the most sacred Serg? Lyman. 
After I came home I spent some time in writing the foregoing observa- 
tions, and went to bed at the usual time. 

November 3d, 1775. In the morning it was very stormy, wind at 
N. E., rain'd hard, &c. Capt. Jewett came off from piquet, and after 

1 The reference is to the Vassal! tomb. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, 
Tol. xvii. p. 114, note. — Eds. 


breakfast I went to Lt. Brewster's markee where I spent some time, 
convers'd with him much ou the Reuben Reed affair. Then I went to 
Capt. Pease's markee, spent some time with him and Serg' Lyman, who 
suug several tunes, &c. 1 then came home, the boys got some dinner, 
and I am now at writing, &c. 

Nov. ith, 1775. In the morning I^rose early in order to attend the 
alarm post but was prevented on account of the weather, which was some- 
thing lowery and cold. After breakfast I apply'd myself to making the 
necessary preparation for dinner, it falling to my lot to provide for the 
mess this day. About noon Capt. Cleft, Lt. Mills and a number of our 
officers came into our markee, we drank sling a little and then join'd the 
mess for dinner, after wlych Capt. Jewett, Ens. Leffingwell and I made 
a settlement of our company affairs, &c. Toward night Leffingwell 
and I went up to the Hallowell hospital, see Doct. Turner, &c. In the 
evening I was down at Lt. Brewster's markee to enquire after the fate 
of poor Reuben Reed, found favourable intelligence, &c. 

Roxbury camp, Nov. bth, 1775, Sund. In the morning I attended the 
alarm post, &c., as usual, and after breakfast went to Gen' Ward's and 
procured a discharge for Jonas Mullendine, and after I came back Capt. 
Jewett and I went up to the Hallowell hospital, acquainted Mullendine of 
his discharge, &c. Then the capt and I went to meeting expecting to hear 
Mr. Gordon, but was disappointed and oblig'd to hear Mr. Johnson of 
Lyme from Jeremiah 3d, 4th. After the forenoon exercise was over we 
went up to Mr. Lowder's to see about an horse which the capt. had previ- 
ously engag'd to ride to Connecticut. We then came directly home to 
camp, but a little before we got home were alarm'd by a remarkable 
firing of cannon in Boston, and also on board the ships, &c. This we 
suppose to be on account of the Gunpowder Treason affair. I found in 
camp Jon" Rudd and a number of other West Farms people who came 
down to camp with teams. After spending some time with them at our 
markee I went with Jon", Cordilla and a number of Col. Huntington's 
men down to the lines, shew'd Jon" the works, &c. When we came 
back it rain'd considerably. 

The 6tfi. In the morning 1 attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, after 
which I wrote a letter to my wife, assisted Capt. Jewett in making out 
some accounts for him to carry home to Connecticut, he intending to 
set out to morrow. About 1 o'clock I din'd in the mess as usual, after 
which I undertook to write a long letter to old Mr. Isaac Tracy, which 
employ'd most of the time I could get until bed time. In the evening 
Capt. Robinson was in at our markee some time, &c. After our people 
were gone off to bed I finish'd my letter to Mr. Tracy and then wrote 
another to my wife while the camps were very still, &c. 

The 7th. In the morning it rain'd very steadily, which prevented 
the capt. from pursuing his journey according to appointment, and also 


prevented the reg' from attending the alarm post. At 9 o'clock I went 
on to the meeting house quarter guard, relieved another Lt. in usual 
form, &c. Soon after placing our first sentries as I was walking by the 
door Maj. Clark came to me and gave me some account of the new 
arrangement of officers in our reg', &c., soon after which I came up into 
the pulpit and wrote some of the foregoing pages. About 12 o'clock 
the tide is the highest I have ever seen it in this place. At 3 o'clock 
Cordilla bro't my dinner, and I eat it on the breast of the pulpit for 
a table. Toward night it grew windy and cold. A tedious night fol- 
low'd, the latter part of which I spent chiefly in walking out, visiting 
the sentries, &c. Very early in the morning I had a conference with 
Col. Huntington on my affairs, &c., as he wasgoing to the alarm post, 
but I learn that the race is not to the swift nor battle to the strong, they 
are much on the predestinarian plan and their fancies petty deities. 

After being reliev'd as usual on the 8th inst. I set some time in 
Capt. Humphrys' markee in company with Doct. Turner, &c. About 
noon Mr. Dan' Brewster came into camp, bro't me a very agreeable letter 
from my wife. We then din'd in the mess as usual, and after dinner 
concluded for the future to drop the custom on account of the badness 
of the weather, &c. I went this afternoon with Lt. Gove and Mr. 
Brewster up to Waterman's, where we see one Mr. Lewis and some 
ladies who had just come out of Boston with some of their effects which 
were lodg'd at the main guard house. After spending some time in 
company here we went down to Capt. Peters', but he not being at home 
we went over to Parsons' reg' and then came home a little after sunset. 
I also see Alpheus Jones and some other of our old neighbours this 
evening. This morning Capt. Jewett set off for Connecticut. 

Nov. 9th, 1775. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as 
usual, after which I was in company at Capt. Ellsworth's markee a 
little while in order to drink mint, &c. After breakfast I wrote a 
letter to my wife, then went with Mr. Brewster down on the lines, and 
as we were coming back we were alarm'd by a brisk cannonade over at 
Cambridge, which lasted for some time, together with the firing of 
small arms. We soon perceiv'd that the regulars were landing men on 
Lechmere's Point We stood on the hill, view'd them awhile and came 
into our camp, soon after which the drums were ordered to beat to 
arms and the reg' turn'd out, their arms and ammunition examin'd, &c. 
This afterhoon and evening I took a great deal of pains to procure a 
discharge for Corp' Sterling and a furlough for Jacob Williams, the 
latter of which I obtain'd this night and the other in the morning. I 
also this night wrote a letter to Capt. Hubbard at Norwich. It was 
a very tedious stormy night. 

The 10th. In the morning I went to Gen' Ward's to accomplish 
Sterling's discharge. As I was coming back Mr. Brewster met me 


and we went again to Capt Peters'. We then came home, eat some 
breakfast, and 1 wrote a letter to bro. Elisha. After I had done that 
Mr. Brewster went ofi", &c., soon after which Lt. Kirtland and old Mr. 
Caleb Fobes came to see me, set with us sometime, &c. At night I 
was unexpectedly warn'd on piquet, went down to the main guard 
house, where I found Capt. Gale, Capt. Ingersol and a great number 
of other officers. The second division on the left fell to my lot, and a 
very muddy berth I had. Col. Putnam was field officer of the day, 
went the grand rounds, &c. 

Various are the accounts we have of the Thursday's action at 
Lechmere's Point, but it is generally believ'd that we had one man 
kill'd, one mortally wounded, and one (who was drunk) taken prisoner. 
Some say that they have also taken several head of cattle, but I don't 
learn the certainty of this as yet. It is also said that we learn by a 
deserter from the enemy that they had 19 men kill'd and a great num- 
ber wounded. It is also said that we had a number more men slightly 

Nov. Wth, 1775. In the morning the piquet was dismiss'd as usual, 
npon which I came home and found Capt. Ezra Brewster in camp, by 
whom I receiv'd a letter from bro. Elisha and one from Silas. After 
breakfast I took my gun and went up to Jamaica Plain in order to get 
some money chang'd, but was disappointed in that, but yet I fired off 
my gun and then came home, spent the rest of the forenoon in getting 
change, &c. About 2 o'clock I din'd with Gove, Leffingwell and Jon" 
Rudd on a very fine piece of roast beef. Toward night we had the 
hearing of a foolish controversy between Serg' Harris and Corp' Hill. 

The \2th. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual. 
The weather very cold and blustering, by which means Mr. Ellis was 
excus'd the labour of his harrangue and we the trouble of hearing of it, 
agreeable to Maj. Clark's observation (viz.) that it is an ill wind that 
blows nowhere. Some time this forenoon Stephen Fitch came to see 
me. I spent most of the day with him and some others. He told us 
more stories than four men could soon believe. The fore part of tliis 
day I wrote a letter to bro. Rudd, sent it by his son Jona", who went 
from the camp a little before noon. Toward night I went to Col. 
Huntington's with intention to make application for a furlough for 
Serg' Clark, but the Col. being gone to Dedham I did not see him. In 
the evening I went to my friend Burrel's in order to procure his help 
and assistance in marketing my fat oxen. He went with me to Mr. 
Parker the butcher, where we spent some time and we return'd, he to 
his house and I to my tent. Went to bed early and rested very well, 
although the night was very cold. 

The \Zth. In the morning I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual ; 
see Deac. Clement from Norwich as I was coming back from the alarm 


post. I this morning wrote a letter to my wife and also one to Silas, 
in order to send them by Capt. Ezra Brewster. After breakfast I 
went down to Col. Huntington's to accomplish the affair for which I 
went yesterday ; the Col. not yet being come home I set a while with 
llaj. Clark, had considerable discourse concerning the coming campaign, 
&c. After a while the Col. came home, but did nothing of my business 
on account of his hurrying away for Cambridge to settle the regimental 
affairs, &c. I then came back and examined the company's arms and 
ammunition agreeable to general orders. Toward night I went to the 
Col's on the affair of Clark's furlough. I obtain'd it, came home and 
wrote a letter to Capt. Jewett in which I inclos'd an inlistment. I also 
wrote again to my [wife] and to bro. Elisha, and about 8 o'clock fix'd 
off Serg* Clark for home, after which I went to Lt. Pease's markee, 
where I found a number of officers drinking flip, and however disagree- 
able it might be to me yet I join'd the company and according to my 
wonted practice did my duty as well as the best of them. I also there 
heard something of the new arrangement of the officers of our reg', and 
at about 9 o'clock I came home, found Dilla asleep and Elisha at 
writing, &c. I then did some writing, am now going to eat supper, and 
intend soon to follow Dilla. 

The 14(h. Attended the alarm post, &c., as usual, and after breakfast 
the officers of the new appointment had a meeting at Col. Huntington's 
markee where we receiv'd each of us an inlistment in order for raising a 
new army. After this conference was over I took a walk up to the 
meeting house, &c. Coming home I had considerable discourse with 
Maj. Clark concerning certain affairs. This was a very pleasant warm 
day, by which means, together with a little grog, several of our men 
were over on to the hill and inlisted in Wyllys' reg' ; at night they 
made application to me for money, &c. 

Tke 15th Nov. 1775. In the morning it was very stormy, by which 
means we were prevented turning out to the alarm post. I wrote Capt. 
Jewett a letter giving him an account of the new arrangement, &c. 
Capt. Ripley made me a very agreeable visit, but I spent most the 
day in writing, concerning friendship and some other things but little 
thought of among soldiers. I last night heard the agreeable news of 
the taking of St. John's. This evening I sat some time in company with 
Oliver Coit and Jo. Tyler. It suow'd considerably and was a very 
cold night, but yet I rested comfortably. 

The \%th. I rose early with expectation to attend the alarm post, 
but somehow we were excused. I had no wood to cook breakfast with, 
which made me very mad, nor did I eat until about 3 o'clock in the 
afternoon, when we had an excellent good dinner of baked beef and a 
good turkey, it being our Connecticut Thanksgiving. Capt. Ely, Mr. 
Hillyer and Mr. Tyler eat with us, &c. The fore part of this day I was 


up at Waterman's and heard Capt. Gale read the [articles] of capitula- 
tion at St. John's, &c. I was also at Waterman's again in the evening, 
wrote some of the foregoing minutes, set some time in company with 
Waterman and Ens. Lefflngwell, had much discourse concerning Elijah 
Lathrop, his son Niles, &c. 

The 11th. The weather was very severe cold, the wind very high, &c. 
I attended the alarm post, &c., as usual. I this morning wrote a letter 
to my wife which I sent by Corp' Hill. The weather was this day so 
very tedious that I wrote but very little. I spent great part of the 
day in reading Gibber's Tragical History of Richard 3d, a very interest- 
ing piece indeed. In the evening I was in company a little while at 
Capt. Pease's markee. A tedious cold night follow'd. 

Roxbury Gamp, Nov. \ith, 1775. In the morning I attended the 
alarm post, &e., as usual, the weather extreme cold for the season. 
After I came back I inlisted Peleg Edwards, and while I was at break- 
fast was warn'd on main guard in the room of Capt. Hubbard, the 
guard being march'd down on the Neck and the sentries reliev'd 
before I overtook them. Capt. Scot of Wyllys' reg' commanded the 
guard. We also had with us Lt. Williston of the same reg', Lieut. 
Robinson, Ens. Smith, Ens. Howland, &c. One Mr. Welch, a Bos- 
tonian, was with us some part of the day ; he came here to enquire 
after his wife who he expected out of Boston. In the evening the 
officers of the reg' came in, among whom were Maj. Tapper, Capts. 
Gale, Walbridge and Martin, Lts. Pease, Bissell, Huntington, &c. We 
had a very noisy night and but very little sleep. Col. Alden, field 
officer of the day, catch'd us very much at unawares, &c. 

Sund. the l^th. A little after sunrise I went down to the redoubts, 
where I walk'd the lines for about an hour and an half, being a very 
pleasant morning, only somewhat cold. I then came back to the guard 
house and was soon reliev'd by Capt. Bridgham, &c. I then came 
home and borrow'd a 7 doll, bill of Capt. Ripley, in order to fix 
off Edwards, Rolen and Griffen, vyho were going home on furlough, 
having inlisted for another campaign. After fixing the aforesaid 
persons, not feeling very well I lay down and slept a short nap. Soon 
after I got up Steph" Fitch came to see me again, I spent some time 
with him, &c. The evening following I was some time in Capt. 
Ripley's markee in company with a number of officers of our reg'. We 
sat together while some time in the evening, when I came off and left 
'em to go to bed, as I bad slept none the night before, being on the 
main guard. 

Mond. the 20<A, In the morning although the weather appear'd 
very pleasant excepting the cold, yet no alarm post was attended. 
After breakfast I set some time in Capt. Ripley's tent. Lt. Andrew 
Fitch came in. We had some conversation with him on the new 



arrangement, &c., till about 1 1 o'clock when I came out and accidentally 
lit of Lt. Bancroft, who inform'd me that Capt. Ellsworth had obtain'd 
a pass from Gen' Ward to go on to Dorchester Neck. He also gave 
me an iavitation to go with them, accordingly I went. We pass the 
sentries at Dorchester lines, and when we came on to the Neck we 
turn'd to the left, cross'd a small marsh, and then rise a little knoll 
where we found a remarkable quarry of slate stone, many tons of 
them already dug and fit for use. We spent some time in viewing 
them. Capt. Ellsworth and I took each of us some of the very thin 
ones to bring home with us. We then went up to a house where a 
stonecutter had dwelt, where we found a great number more of very 
curious stone, some of them partly wrought, &c. We then turn'd to 
the left and went over on to the hill next to Boston, where we had a 
most beautiful prospect of the town. We set there and view'd all the 
curiosities we could for the space of half an hour ; we had also the help 
of a spyglass. We here discover'd no less than four different ranges 
of breastworks from our lines to North Boston, the latter of which 
appear'd to be much the most impracticable and is so situate as to cut 
off about one quarter of the town, leaving it on the south. Beside 
those formidable works toward the Neck, we observ'd strong fortifica- 
tions on all the hills and eminences in town, and also a great number 
of cannon planted on the wharves and near the water almost the whole 
length of the town. Beside all these artificial works on the land there 
was so great a number of ships in the harbour' that it was impossible 
for us to number them from the place of our situation. After we had 
sufiiciently gratified our curiosity here, we turn'd and went down onto 
the hill next the castle, where we set down and took an observation 
of the fortifications there together with one large ship a little below, 
and several smaller ones by Castle Island, we also discover'd several 
boats under sail in the harbour, and likewise two barges which met 
each other a little above the castle while we were sitting on the hill. 
We then came back on the south side of the Neck, and observing a 
smoke iu an old house we suppos'd part of the guard that is usually 
kept on the Neck was retir'd there and had made a fire to warm them- 
selves or cook by, but when we came to the house I look'd in at a win- 
dow, and to my surprize I found three small children, the oldest perhaps 
about 7 or 8 years old. Upon this discovery we went into the house, 
ask'd the little girl where her father and mother were, the child reply'd 
that she had no mother and that her father was gone to Roxbury. We 
ask'd them if they were not afraid to live there, she reply'd that they 
were, but that they could not get any other room to live in. They 
look'd so miserably poor, ragged and naked, that they demanded our 
pity, and we made a small collection of what few coppers we had and 
gave them, — so we came off by way of the south shore. We arriv'd 


at our own camp a little before sunset, soon after which I went to 
Col. Huntington in order to obtain liberty for Mr. Beckwith to go into 
the country to recover his health, &c. After sitting some time in the 
Col's chamber I went into Capt. Humphrey's apartment where were 
a number of our officers, none of them more noisy and disagreeable 
than the adjutant. After spending some time in company there we 
came home, and I was a little while at Lt. Chamberlin's tent in 
company with Lts. Ransom and Huntley, had considerable of a dispute 
concerning the rights and authority of grand rounds, &c. After we 
retir'd I was invited strongly by Lt. Gove to buy me a cloak, &c. 

Tuesd. the 21s<. A pleasant day. I spent most of the forenoon in 
writing my adventures of yesterday, &c. This evening Sam' Ellis, his 
son Sam. and Dan! Ellis came into camp with teams, «&c. — they were 
some time in our tent. There fell a snow this night sufficient to cover 
the ground. 

The 22d. In the morning I took a walk with our Ens. Kinsman 
to Gen' Spencer's on some business, but the Gen' being gone from 
home I did none. Sam' Ellis was here, I bo't four pair of yarn stock- 
ings of him for which I paid him sixteen shillings in money. About 
sunset he set out for home, I went with him out beyond Jamaica Plain, 
had much vulgar discourse with that plain honest friend. I then parted 
with him and came back to the Hallowell hospital alone, where I 
call'd in and found Capt. Chester, Eb. Huntington and Mr. Keyes ; 
we there drank some wine, heard some very good singing, &c., and 
about 8 o'clock we set off for the camp. I call'd in and did some 
business with Col. Huntington on the way. I also call'd at the house 
where Mr. Ellis lives, to enquire about a pair of shoes for our bebbe. 

The 23d. This is Thanksgiving Day in this province. After break- 
fasting on chocolate and bread and cheese I went on the duty of fatigue. 
Our reg' were assign'd with Col. Wyllys' to cut apple trees and make a 
brush fence from our front on the right of the lines down toward Dor- 
chester, and we were stinted to extend it this day as far as the next 
intrenchment, which we accomplish'd by about 2 o'clock. We were 
directed in the work by one Lt. Cole of Wyllys' reg*, and after we had 
done work he came home with me calling in at the main guard, &c. 
After we came into camp we had a very good dinner on a piece of 
roast pork and a turkey, which we had prepar'd for that purpose. Capt. 
Bissell, Lt. Cole, Mr. Hillyer, Lt. Gove and I din'd together, and in the 
evening all of us, except Lt. Cole, went up to Jamaica Plain to make 
Capt. Rowley a visit, we also found Lt. Gillett there, he sung us several 
songs, made us a shoe, «&c. A little after 8 o'clock we came home, had 
orders to turn out on the shortest notice, as an alarm was expected 
this night on account of our people beginning to intrench on Cobble 


The 24:ih. About half after nine we were inform'd by a messenger 
sent for that purpose from Dedham, that Col. Huntington's wife had 
made way with herself at that place,* soon after this Capt. Bissell and 
Lt. Gove came into our markee, Serg' Rose soon join'd us, he has 
lately been home to Connecticut, tells me that Silas is now on the road 
and I may soon expect him in camp with my fat oxen ; he also tells us 
much other news from Connecticut. Col. Douglas also came in and 
spent some time with us this forenoon. In the afternoon I went down 
to Gen' Spencer's in order to procure liberty for Ens. Kinsman to go 
home to Norwich in the recruiting service. I waited some time for the 
general's return from Gen' Ward's, and finally I set out and met him 
on the road, came back and conversed with him some time on the sub- 
ject, and on the whole he concluded that he had no rigjit to act in that 
matter, but that the Col. was the only proper person for that purpose. 
I then came home and a little after sunset Silas and Jacob Williams 
came into the camp with my oxen and also a number of letters from 
Norwich, upon which I took the oxen and his horse over to Mr. Jon" 
Parker's where we got them kept, we then return'd back and spent the 
evening very agreeably. I also wrote my wife a letter, which I sent 
the next morning, with two others that I had already prepared, by our 
Ens. Kinsman. 

The 2oth Nov. 1775. Early in the morning Silas and I went to my 
friend Burrel for his advice and assistance in a market for my oxen, 
after which I drove them up to my chap Parker, but could not quite 
agree with him. We then came home and after breakfast Silas went 
off for Cambridge and I apply'd myself most of the forenoon to making 
a market for my oxen, and I am in hopes I have now got on the track 
of one. About 3 o'clock the officers of the reg' were assembled in 
order to devise some method to influence the men to continue in the 
service until the first of Jan. We also expected Gen' Spencer to 
make us a visit toward night, but he did not come. About sunset 
Capt. Jewett came into camp, having been gone home some time on 
furlough. I also this night appear'd on the parade for piquet in the 
room of Lt. Gove, he being gone to Cambridge. In the evening we 
had considerable company, and about bedtime it began to rain. Was 
a stormy night. 

Roxbury camp, Sunday, Nov" the 2&th, 1775. In the morning the 
ground was all cover'd with ice. The fore part of the day I went up 
to Jamaica Plain to see Asa Kinne, then to the Hallowell house to see 
Doct. Turner, procur'd his assistance for a discharge for Kinne and 
Abel Bennet, had considerable discourse with the doctor, &c., on various 

1 Mrs. Faith Huntington, wife of Col. Jedidiah Huntington, was a daughter 
of Gov Jonathan Trumbull. She was of a very sensitive character, and had 
become disordered in mind by dwelling on the horrors of a civil war. She died 
at Dedham, Nov. 24, 1775. See 5 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. ix. p. 505, not«. — Eds. 


subjects. After I came back I began to write a queer letter to my 
wife, and then had a considerable company discourse with the capt. on 
company affairs, &c. In the evening I was sometime at Capt. Ells- 
worth's markee in company with Capt. Pease, Capt. Bissell, &o. 

Mond. the tlih. In the morning I went to Gen' Spencer's and from 
there to Gen' Ward's to procure a discharge for Asa Kene and Abel 
Bennet, which I readily obtain'd. I then came back and after break- 
fast went up on to Jamaica Plain, fix'd off Kene, &c. I then came 
home and toward niglit went with Lt. Gove to all the stores of English 
goods that we could find any where near, although we neither of us 
bought nothing. About sunset Lt. Gove and 1 set ofE again and went 
up to Jamaica Plain. I had indeed some expectation of seeing Mr. 
Murray at the Hallowell hospital, but was disappointed, but spent 
some time with the doctor, went with him to see Lt. Farnam, &c. 
While we were at the hospital Capt. Jewett came in, having been up to 
Mr. Lowder's, and about 9 o'clock the capt., Lt. Gove and I came 
home. It prov'd a tedious cold night and I rested but very poor. 

Tuesd. the 28<A. After breakfast Lt. Hillyer invited Capt. Jewett 
and I to go with him to the funeral of Col. Huntington's wife, upon 
which I went to Maj. Ruggles to enquire when he expected to receive 
my oxen, and he inclin'd to have them bro't in tomorrow, whereupon I 
made the necessary preparation to leave the camp in order to attend 
the funeral, and about 12 o'clock I am ready, having obtain'd Col. 
Douglas' liberty, &c., for that purpose. I then wrote some of the 
foregoing lines while I was in waiting. 

About 12 o'clock Capt. Jewett, Lt. Chamberlin, Mr. Hillyer and I 
set oflf for Dedham. Had considerable discourse by the way, which 
was bro't on by one's advancing the following proposition (viz.) that it 
is beneath the dignity of human nature to shed tears or mourn for the 
dead. The dispute was carried a great length and was finally quitted 
and one follow'd in its room on the doctrines of predestination and free- 
will, which lasted us quite up to Dedham. We came to Ernes' half 
after 2 o'clock, drank a mug of flip and went into the burying yard, 
where we found Doct. Emes' tomb open'd for the reception of Mrs. 
Huntington's corpse. We several of us went down into the tomb, 
open'd the old doctor's coffin and see his corpse. The under jaw was 
all fallen in, the other part of the bones of the head retain'd their 
proper shape, the teeth were whole in the upper jaw, but the whole 
head and rest of the body, as far as we could see, was cover'd with a 
black film or skin, which I suppose to be the winding sheet in which 
the corpse was buried, being blended with the moisture of the body. 
I also observ'd one of the arms to have fallen off from the body and 
the bones laying by the side of the coffin. While I was thus in a sort 
conversing with the dead and viewing those melancholy curiosities, I 


could not help reflecting that nothing of the philosophy and astronomy 
which once adorned the mind of that person and made him appear 
great among his cotemporaries was now to be seen in this state of 
humiliation and contempt ; yet a pertinent passage in Watts' lyrical 
poems came to my mind, (viz.) 

Methinks a moldring pyramid 
Says all that the old sages said, 
For me these shatter'd tombs contain 
More morals, &c. 

After sufficiently gratifying our curiosity here, we went to Mr. Hen- 
shaw's, the house where the tragical scene had pass'd and from whence 
the funeral was to be attended. When we came there we were led into 
a very genteel apartment with a very curious carpet spread on the floor, 
where we sat some time in profound silence, until we understood that 
Mr. Havens ' (the parson of the parish) began a prayer in the other 
room, upon which we mov'd into the entry, and after prayer was over 
and some of the people remov'd out I went into the other room where 
the corpse was, where I see Col. Williams of Lebanon, and after view- 
ing the corpse I came out of the house, soon after which the procession 
began in the following manner, (viz.) after the immediate mourners, 
those who had liv'd with Col. Huntington, and then the several officers 
of the regiment who were present, next to them the women who were 
assembled upon the occasion, the men bringing up the rear. When we 
came to the tomb the corpse was deposited at the feet of Doct. Emes, 
and the procession walk'd back in the same order as before, and at 
the meeting house we parted, — our company came down to Emes', 
where we had a dinner provided for us, and we eat heartily upon roast 
turkey, &c. A little after daylight in we set off for home and call'd in 
at Childs', the sign of the Peacock, where we drank some flip, and Mr. 
West the suttler was also there, who was just before robb'd of his saddle 
bags with upward of £300 continental currency in them and also many 
other valuable articles. After resting ourselves here a while we set off 
for home and arriv'd in camp about 9 o'clock, weary enough. The 
night was somewhat stormy and tedious, wet me considerably in my 
bed, &c. 

Wednesday, the 29th. In the morning after breakfast I did some 
writing. Serg' Clark came to our markee, he having last night come 
into camp from Connecticut. About 1 o'clock, Cordilla and I went 
over to Mr. Parker's, took my oxen and drove them up to Maj. Ruggles, 
in order to be kill'd, but found I could not have 'em kill'd to day, upon 
which I came back to Waterman's, paid Cowley the tailor for making 
Hill's clothes, &c. I also set some time in company with Waterman 

1 Rev. Jason Haven, minister of the First Church in Dedham. — Eds. 


and Ens. Leffingwell. I then came home and was much surpris'd at 
the news of James Nicholson's death, who died this day very suddenly 
in the Ward hospital. At night was warn'd to go into the woods 
to-morrow in order to relieve Capt. Pease, who is overseeing a number 
of cutters of wood. I also this day bo't me a curious red cedar staff of 
one Roberts of Capt. Ellsworth's company. 

Thursday Nov. ZQth, 1775. In the morning Capt. Jewett and I eat 
breakfast with Maj. Clark at the Col's markee, after which Cordilla and 
1 went to look up the old oxen, but could not find them until we went 
into the slaughter house, where we found them both dead. We then 
came back, and after a little fixing I went to Mr. Parker's and took 
Silas' mare and then rid out into Dedham to relieve Capt. Pease, who 
was there with a party at cutting wood. I arriv'd at Mr. How's where 
the party was quarter'd at about 1 o'clock and Pease soon set off for the 
camp. The men having finish'd their day's work, I took a walk down 
to Milton this afternoon. I was also in at the slitting mill and paper 
mills at the upper bridge. I also call'd in at one Mr. Roach's who 
kept a grog shop near the bridge, had considerable discourse with 
him, &c. I then went down to the other mills, where there is a very 
considerable village. I examined all the shops in the place, in order to 
procure certain articles that I wanted to purchase, found none except 
a pair of mill'd gloves. I then came back to Mr. Roaches where I 
stopp'd, drank some flip, set and talk'd with him, &c., until about day- 
light down, when I set off and travell'd to Mr. How's, my landlord, 
found our men very brisk, &c. I set the remainder of the evening iu 
company with old Mr. How, heard him tell many stories, &c., and about 
10 o'clock went to bed in a good feather bed and a warm chamber. 
Nineteen years ago this night I lodg'd on the floor at Houses in An- 
dover, being then on my return from the army, my first campaign. 

Friday the \st of Dec''. In the morning I went into the woods with 
the men in order to set them to work, after whirh I return'd to Mr. 
How's and eat breakfast, and while we were eating Lt. Robinson of Col. 
Walker's reg' came in. He had the care of that reg" men who were 
cutting wood. After breakfast he and I went into the woods again to 
see the men compleat the work for which they were design'd. The 
work being near finish'd I soon return'd in company with Mr. How, 
and after eating dinner we set off for the camp, came by way of Milton 
upper mills and Dorchester, arriv'd at Roxbury camp about 3 o'clock, 
where we found there was a devil of the rout about some of our Con- 
necticut men going off this morning. Some new orders made their 
appearance, &c., and on the whole all things were in confusion. The 
evening following Mr. Beckwith was at our markee doing some writing 
for the capt. Mr. Barney was also here from Norwich. Nineteen years 
ago this night I arriv'd at my father's house from my first campaign, 


and I think I should not be displeas'd to be there now, unless there were 
better doings here now. 

Saturday the 2(1 was a cloudy morning. I went after breakfast with 
Serg* Clark up to Maj. Ruggles' to make a settlement concerning my 
oxen, but could not effect it on account of his being busy in other affairs. 
I then went in at "Waterman's, sat sometime with Ens. LefBngwell, &c. 

1 also see Col. Pitkin here. About noon I went again to Maj. Rug- 
gles', made a settlement and receiv'd the money for my oxen £13.3.0. 
About 2 o'clock Silas came here from Cambridge, inform'd me that he was 
going directly home. I went with him to Mr. Parker's after his horse. 
We found Mr. Barney there at work. I then went with Silas up to 
Jamaica Plain, parted with him at the Hallowell house, and I went in 
there, soon after which Col. Parsons came in, I came with him down 
to the camp and by the way we met Capt. Hubbard and his lady from 
Norwich, as tliey were set out on their return home, having convey'd 
their sister Townsend into the town of Boston. I went with Col. Par- 
sons up to Waterman's, where I found Doct. Turner, who inform'd me 
that Mr. Murray was to preach at his house this evening, after which I 
came directly into camp and inform'd Capt. Jewett. He and I went 
immediately up to the hospital, and while we were waiting for Mr. 
Murray Amos Andrus came there with a team from Norwich. I dis- 
cours'd with him some time concerning my family and neighbours, and 
as it began to grow dark Mr. Murray came in and there was soon a great 
number of people collected, and after drinking coffee in a very genteel 
mood Mr. Murray preach'd a very vivacious sermon from Luke 15th, 2d, 
which did great honour to the divine benignity in the liberal bestowment 
of so great a genius, and also to the cause of religion. 

Roxhury camp, Dec'' 3d, 1775, Sund. Some time in the morning I 
went with Lt. Chamberlin up to the Hallowell hospital with some 
expectation to see Mr. Murray, but when we came there he was just 
gone, upon which I went with Mr. Chamberlin up to the Bernard hos- 
pital, where we see Doct. Turner perform the office of surgery (or rather 
of butchery) on one Jones of Capt. Ripley's company, who had a great 
mortification sore on his side. After we had seen the aforesaid opera- 
tion with great pity to the patient we came home, got into camp about 

2 o'clock, soon after which I made the foregoing memorandums, &c. 
About 4 o'clock we din'd on a very good roast turkey. Capt. Bissell 
was also with us. The evening following Capt. Jewett, Lt. Gove, and 
I went up to Waterman's to see Ens. Leffmgwell. I had there con- 
siderable conversation with Maj. Park, &c. 

Mond. the Ath was a cold blustering day. After breakfast I went 
with Serg' Clark up to Waterman's, set there some time in company 
with Maj. Park, Capt. Gale, Col. Alden, &c., and after a while Ens. 
Leffingwell and I came down into camp. He staid with us most of the 


day. I wrote a letter to Uncle C and also part of one to my wife, and 
in the evening flnish'd it. 

Tuesd. the 5th. In tbe morning I gave Amos Audrus some letters to 
carry home to Norwich. I wrote considerable of the Painter this day, 
and in the afternoon Capt. Jewett mov'd his effects out of the tent into 
Col. Williams' house, he being unwell. I also this afternoon did con- 
siderable work at fixing up the tent after the capt. had remov'd his 
slawbunk, &o. At night I went on to the piquet, &c. I also this day 
bo't a cheese of Jo. Tyler w' 12 J^ at C the pound. It is now four 
months since I have seen any of my family except Cordilla. I hope 
in less than four weeks more to see them, but God knows whether my 
hope will not be in vain. In the evening Serg' Carpenter set with me 
some in my markee some time. 

Wednesd. the Qth. I turn'd out early for the alarm post, but was so 
long in rallying the men that I had not time to get into the front 
before the other reg'" came out ; but however we return'd to the camp 
in good season, and after breakfast I went on main guard as usual. 
Col. Keyes commanded the guard. Capts. Bradford, Hamlin and 
Wells. I knew none of the subalterns only Stidson and Curtice. We 
spent the day very agreeably. One Mr. Edey and his wife made us a 
visit, who had by some means just before met together, having (as they 
said) not seen each other for eighteen months. They sat some time 
with us, drank, &c. In the night season I had two tours down at the 
redoubts, at one of which I visited my sentries down at the trees, and 
out of curiosity I went eight rods further and bro't off a cart gate on 
my back. Col. Danielson sat with us some time in the latter part of 
the night. We had considerable cheerful discourse. 

Thursd. the 7th. I was down at the redoubts about an hour in the 
morning, after which I came back to the guard house, settled our 
reckoning, and at the usual time were reliev'd in common form. After 
I came home and eat breakfast I went down to Col. Williams' and 
made Capt. Jewett a visit. I also there lit of Moses Cleveland who 
came home and eat dinner with me, after which I did some writing, &c. 
At night was very sleepy and therefore went to bed early. 

Frid. the 8th. After breakfast I went to Col. Williams', see Capt. 
Jewett, &c. From there Capt. Bissell and I went to the Col's to re- 
ceive directions when to go home. Col. Huntington came back with 
us to Col. Williams', where he and Capt. Jewett concluded to send me 
home with the company, &c. After this I made application to the Col. 
for a discharge for Serg' Clark, obtain'd his certificate, then I went to 
Gen' Ward's and with great diflSculty obtain'd my request. I then 
came back into the camp where Capt. Chapman and Capt. Peters were 
apprising guns in our reg'. They went through with two companies 
and left off on account of christening a barrack in Col. Parsons' reg', 



which so much engag'd their attention and employ'd so much of their 
time that it was found necessary to delay the prosecution of any more 
apprising of guns in our reg' for this day. Thus experience teaches me 
that smaller business must ever give way for greater. Toward night I 
went with a number of officers to the Col's quarters and receiv'd my 
ration money of the quarter-master, which was £4.18. In the evening 
I was a little while in Capt. Ellsworth's tent, had some discourse with 
Lt. Bancroft concerning army affairs. I came home early in the even- 
ing and was some time in at Gove's tent. Jo. Tyler changed some money 
for us. About nine o'clock I went to bed. It prov'd a very stormy 
night and the rain drove into my tent to that degree that it ran under 
my back and I was obliged to get dry clothes to lay under me to keep 
dry. This is the effect of living in tents in the month of December. 

Saturd. the ^ih. In the morning it was cold and uncomfortable, the 
ground cover'd with snow and ice, but as we were inform'd that his 
excellency Gen' Washington was to come and look on us to day, we 
thought fit to shave, shift our clothes, &c. Some time in the morning 
the capts of the reg' undertook, either with orders from the higher 
powers or without, to make an assortment of the guns in the reg' which 
proved a tedious job. About noon Ens. Leffingwell came to our tent, 
set and convers'd with me some time. Toward night our company were 
call'd out, their arms examin'd and such as were suitable detain'd in the 
service, after which the reg' were under arms at Col. Douglas' desire, 
when he made a short speech to them and gave them a drink, a thing 
very acceptable to soldiers. In the evening I went with Capt. Jewett, 
Capt. Ripley and Mr. Hillyer to meet the Connecticut committee of 
payment, who lately came into camp, they receiv'd a considerable sum 
of continental currency for the payment of the troops, &c. After I 
return'd I did considerable writing of various kinds. 

Sund. the \Qth was spent in great confusion, on account of the 
troops being going off, paid, &c. I settled with the capt., with some of 
the men, &c., and in the evening was on business while very late, and 
the night prov'd very stormy. 

Mond. the 1 Xth. Arose early, was very much hurried with the com- 
pany business and my own, expecting to march soon. Went to Col. 
Huntington, obfain'd a furlough, and then bo't an old mare of Mr. 
Parker. About 11 o'clock set off from camp, call'd in to see Mr. 
Beckwith at the Loring house, — he appear'd very dangerously sick. 
We call'd in at Richards', the tavern, where I waited some time for 
Lt. Chamberlin, and at length travell'd with him to Ames' in Dedham, 
where we din'd together, &c., and a little before sunset Dilla and I set 
off and came up to Robins in Walpole, where we arriv'd some time in 
the evening and put out our horse, drank a mug of flip with Mr. 
Barney and Mr. Abel, and then went to bed, rested well, &c. 


Tuesd. the VMh. We set out early in the morning, travell'd to Man's 
in Wrentham for breakfast, set off from there sun an hour high and 
the weather very cold. We met young Dan' Ellis and Steph. Brewster 
near Mack's in Attlebury, they were going down to the camp with 
teams. We came as far as Dagget's where we oated and drank some 
brandy, then set off and arriv'd at Providence at 2 o'clock, din'd, and 
baited our horse at Col. Dexter's, bo't some clothes at Hills' and also 
at Halsey & Corliss' store, and came out of town about sunset, met 
with great difficulty to get entertainment, but at length some time in 
the evening put up at one Lovelists' a little beyond Shelden's the 
tavern. We soon went to bed and rested well. 

Wednesd. the \Zth. We set off before daylight, call'd in at Fisk's 
and drank a dram, then push'd forward to Angel's for breakfast, where 
we arriv'd about sunrise and met my neighbour Haskel, — he gave me 
a letter from my wife, by which I learn'd that my father was poorer 
than common. We were here oblig'd to wait for breakfast while full 
10 o'clock. I (hen eat with Capt. Ely, Doct. Ely, Mr. Peck and 
several others from Lyme, after which Cordilla and I set out alone and 
travell'd most of the way without company as far as Green's, where we 
drank some brandy and came forward to Dixon's in Voluntown. Soon 
after we came in there Ens. Leifingwell and Mr. Abel came in and we 
din'd together, had a good roast turkey, &c. We came off from there 
a little before sunset, and as soon as it grew dusk we fell in company 
with young Coit who piloted us as far as his father's and gave us direc- 
tions to Deac. Belcher's, but some how thro' his neglect or error in 
intelligence we miss'd our way and met with great difficulty and 
trouble to find Deacon Belcher's, but at length, about 8 o'clock arriv'd 
there and was treated generously by the old gent" After resting of us 
a little we set off again, call'd no more until we came to Mr. Edwards' 
in our own parish, where we made a very short stop and came as far as 
father's, where Cordilla fired his gun and we went in. They pretended 
to be glad to see us, &c. After a short sitting there we came home, 
found the people all asleep and the house guarded by a dog, the doors 
also being fastened ; but before we could make the necessary prepara- 
tion for taking the garrison by assault we were generously admitted by 
the defenders, with the usual ceremonies, &c. 

And the rest of the acts of Jabez I hope to see written in some future 
narrative, more agreeable, &c. 

The President said that he had received a letter from the 
senior Vice-President, Mr. Charles Francis Adams, who is now 
in Italy, calling attention to the fact that at this meeting Rev. 
Dr. Lucius R. Paige, whose name stands third on our present 


roll, would complete fifty years of mefabership in the Society, 
and he hoped that some notice of it would be taken. 

Rev. Dr. Paige, who was in excellent health, remarked 
that the meeting at which he was elected was held May 30, 
1844, so that he had not quite rounded out a half-century. 

Dr. Samuel A. Geebn then spoke as follows : — 

At the present time the Historical Society has the remark- 
able distinction of bearing on its roll of living members the 
names of three gentlemen whose connection with the Society 
began at least half a century ago. Mr. Winthrop was chosen a 
member on October 31, 1839, more than fifty-four years since ; 
and now for twenty-one years he has headed the list of mem- 
bership, where the names are given in the order of election. 
Dr. Ellis follows Mr. Winthrop as a close second, having been 
chosen on October 28, 1841, two years later ; and at the meet- 
ing to-day Dr. Paige completes his connection of half a century 
with the Society. At the time of his election the meetings 
■were held, as a rule, on the last Thursday of the month, and 
he was chosen on May 30, 1844 ; but according to the monthly 
meetings he has rounded a period of fifty years. It seems 
eminently fit that now there should be some record of this 
remarkable conjunction of long and contemporary member- 
ships ; and to that end I wish to say — and I feel sure that 
the other members will agree with me — that we all feel not 
only great gratification in the fact, but also a deep pride in 
tlie association with these venerable gentlemen, who for so 
many years have adorned the meetings by their punctual 

There have been but three other members who have given 
so long a service to the Society, — but not all covering a com- 
mon period of fifty years, — and they were John Davis, Josiah 
Quincy, and James Savage. Mr. Davis's membership lasted 
from December 23, 1791, to January 14, 1847, a term of fift}'- 
five years ; Mr. Quincy's from July 26, 1796, to July 1, 1864, 
sixty-eight years ; and Mr. Savage's from January 28, 1813, 
to March 8, 1873, sixty years. Such cases of continued mem- 
bership are necessarily rare, but in all tiiosie just mentioned 
it is worthy of note that they comprise some of the most 
active and valuable workers in the Society during a period of 
more than a century of its existence. From these instances 

1894.] REMARKS BY DR. S. A. GREEN. 93 

is it not fair to assume that labors in the historical field are 
conducive to health and long life ? 

In common with President Quincy, Dr. Paige alone has the 
distinction of having reached the advanced age of ninety- 
two years ; and of the other associates six have lived to be 
nonagenarians: David Sewall, at the time of his death, on 
October 22, 1825 ; John Adams, on July 4, 1826; John Welles, 
on September 25, 1855 ; and Thomas Aspinwall, on August 11, 
1876, who all reached the age of ninety years ; Jacob Bigelow, 
on January 10, 1879, and Theron Metcalf, on November 14, 
1875, each aged ninety-one years. 

Among the ten original members of the Society, at its 
formation on January 24, 1791, William Baylies, of Dighton, 
was the eldest in years ; and so he may be considered as the 
senior associate until his resignation, which took place on 
April 27, 1815. As such he was followed by William Tudor, 
who remained the senior member until his death on July 8, 
1819 ; and he in turn by James Winthrop, who died on Sep- 
tember 26, 1821. On that date Thomas Wallcut attained the 
distinction of being the eldest in years, which he held until 
the death of James Freeman, one of the original ten, on 
November 14, 1835, when he became the senior member, ac- 
cording to the present use of the phrase. At Mr. Wallcut's 
death, on June 5, 1840, John Davis, who was chosen a member 
of the Society during the first year of its existence, became 
the senior associate, and he held this relation until January 14, 
1847, when he died. He was followed by Josiah Quincy, 
whose death took place on July 1, 1864 ; and he in. turn by 
James Savage, who remained the senior member until March 8, 
1873, the date of his death. Since that time, now a period of 
a little more than twenty-one years, Mr. Winthrop's name has 
stood at the head of the list ; and it is within the bounds of 
moderation to say that, during his long membership, no person 
has ever done either so much or so good service in the interest 
of the Society, as the distinguished scholar and statesman who 
for thirty years presided at our meetings with so much dignity 
and grace. 

Of the ten original members at the formation of the Society, 
on January 24, 1791, James Freeman was the youngest, hav- 
ing been born on April 22, 1759; and he remained such until 
December 23, 1791, when John Davis (born on January 25, 




1761) was chosen. Of the eight senior members already 
mentioned, four at the time of their election were also the 
youngest, namely : John Davis, Josiah Quincy, James Savage, 
and Robert C. Winthrop. 

The following is a list of the junior members of the Society, 
with the dates of their birth as well as of their election : — 

Names. Dates of Birth. 

James Freeman .... April 22, 1759 

John Davis January 25, 1761 

Daniel Davis May 8, 1762 . . 

William Dandridge Peck . May 8, 1763 . . 

Alden Bradford .... November 19, 1765 

John Thornton Kirkland . August 17, 1770 . 

Josiah Quincy .... February 4, 1772 . 

William Sullivan . . . November 30, 1774 

John Langdon Sullivan . April 9, 1777 . . 

Obadiah Rich November 25, 1777 

William Smith Shaw . . August 12, 1778 . 

Joseph Stevens Buckmin- 

ster May 26, 1784 . . 

James Savage July 13, 1784 . . 

Francis Galley Gray . . September 19, 1790 

Edward Everett .... April 11, 1794 . . 

James Bowdoin .... July 23, 1794 . . 

Francis William Pitt Green- 
wood February 5, 1797 . 

Joseph Willard .... March 14, 1798 . 

Charles Wentworth Upham May 4, 1802 . . 

Robert Charles Winthrop . May 12, 1809 . . 

George Edward Elhs . . August 8, 1814 

Peleg Whitman Chandler . April 12, 1816 . . 

Francis Parkman . . . September 16, 1823 

Henry Austin Whitney . October 6, 1826 . 

Alonzo Hall Quint . . . March 22, 1828 . 

Samuel Abbott Green . . March 16, 1830 . 

William Henry Whitmore . September 6, 1 836 . 

William Sumner Appleton . January 11, 1840 . 

Henry Cabot Lodge . . . May 12, 1850 . . 

Arthur Lord September 2, 1850. 

Arthur Blake Ellis . . . July 24, 1854 . . 

Edward Channing . . . June 15, 1856 . . 

Abbott Lawrence Lowell . December 13, 1856 

Dates of Election. 
January 24, 1791. 
December 23, 1791. 
May 29, 1792. 
October 8, 1792. 
January 2, 1793. 
January 26, 1796. 
July 26, 1796. 
April 29, 1800. 
April 28, 1801. 
March 5, 1805. 
November 7, 1805. 

April 25, 1811. 
January 28, 1813. 
January 29, 1818. 
April 27, 1820. 
August 27, 1821. 

April 28, 1825. 
January 29, 1829. 
January 26, 1832. 
October 31, 1839. 
October 28, 1841. 
January 25, 1844. 
February 26, 1852. 
March 11, 1858. 
July 8, 1858. 
January 12, 1860. 
February 12, 1863. 
May 13, 1869. 
December 14, 1876. 
February 9, 1882. 
March 9, 1882. 
December 11, 1884. 
December 11, 1890. 


Since the organization of the Society, one hundred and three 
years ago, there have been eight different senior members as 
to place on the rolls, and during the same period thirty-three 
different junior members as to age. Of the latter class John 
Langdon Sullivan was the youngest, being 24 years and 
19 days old at the time of his election ; and Abbott Lawrence 
Lowell the oldest, being 33 years 11 months and 28 days. 
Peleg W. Chandler held the position during the longest pe- 
riod, having been such for 8 years 1 month and 1 day ; and 
Arthur Lord during the shortest period, namely, 28 days. 

No other member rising to make a formal communication, 
the remaining time of the meeting was occupied by conversa- 
tional remarks, in which Mr. Robert 0. Winthrop, Jr., the 
Hon. E. R. Hoar, Rev. Dr. Alexander McKenzie, Mr. 
Charles C. Smith, and the President took part. 

A new volume of the Proceedings, covering the meetings 
from October, 1892, to March, 1894, both inclusive, was ready 
for distribution at this meeting.