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THE ILLINOIS STATE fflSTORICAL SOCIETY.
Published Quarterly by the Society at Springfield, Illinois
JESSIE PALMER WEBER, Editor-in-Chief
J. H. Bumham H. W. Clendenin Andrew Russel
Wm. A. Meese George W. Smith Edward C. Page
Applications for Membership in the Society may be sent to the Secretary of
the Society, Mrs. Jessie Palmer WetJer, Springfield, HI.
Membership Fee, One Dollar, Paid Annually. Life Membeorship Fee, $25.
Vol. v. April, 1912. No. I.
Annual Meeting of the Illinois State Historical
Society. Springfield, Illinois, May 23-24,
1912. Members of the Society Urged
The annual meeting of the Historical Society will be
held in the State Capitol Building at Springfield, on Thurs-
day and Friday, May 23-24, 1912. The Illinois State
Medical Society will hold its annual meeting in Spring-
field, May 21-23, this being Tuesday, Wednesday and
Thursday of the same week and as many of the members
of the Medical* Association are also members of the His-
torical Society, this arrangement makes it possible for these
members to attend both meetings.
The annual meeting of the Historical Society was as
will be remembered, held in Chicago and Evanston last
year, and those who were fortunate enough to attend the
meeting will remember the generous hospitality of the
Chicago Historical Society and the citizens of Evanston.
The program for this year's meeting will be of unusual
interest. The annual address will be given by Prof. Wm.
E. Dodd of the University of Chicago. The address will
be on the subject of the Mexican War and sentiment in
regard to it in the West. This is of course, not the exact
title of the address, but is merely the subject upon which
Professor Dodd will speak. Among others who will
speak are Prof. F. I. Heniott of Drake University, Des
Moines, who will speak on Senator Douglas and the
Germans in 1854; Prof. M. M. Quaife of Lewis Institute,
Chicago, who will speak on the supposed old French Fort
at Chicago; Prof. C. M. Thompson of the University of
Illinois, who will speak on the Genesis of the Whig Party in
Illinois; Mrs. Minnie G. Cook of Milwaukee, who will
speak on Virginia Currency in the Illinois; Prof. John P.
Senning who will speak on the Kiiow-Nothing Party in Illi-
nois; Maj. W. R. Prickett who will address the Society
on the life of Joseph Gillespie, a pioneer lawyer of
Southern Illinois; M. L. Fuller, of the United States
Weather Bureau, Peoria, whose address will be on some
weather phenomena of Illinois in early days; Dr. C. B.
Johnston of Champaign, who will tell of Early Educational
Opportunities in Illinois in the middle of the nineteenth
century; Capt. J. H. Bumham who will tell something of
the part taken by the Thirty-third Volunteer Infantry in
the Great Civil War; Mr. Henry W. Lee of Chicago, who
will speak on the Calumet Portage, and Mrs. K. T. Ander-
son, of Rock Island, will tell us something about the
Legends of the Mississippi.
There will be other speakers who have not yet given the
secretary the titles of their addresses and there will be the
usual Business meeting with reports of officers and com-
The titles of addresses as given above are none of them
exact titles, but give the subjects upon which the speakers
will address the Society. The exact titles and a complete
program will be sent members a short time previous to
the annual meeting.
The oflBcers of the Society and the members of the pro-
gram committee urge the members of the Society to make
special efforts to attend the annual meeting. It is true
that the papers in full reach you in the transactions of the
Society, but much is lost in failing to hear the addresses
and in making the acquaintance of the speakers and other
members of the Society.
It certainly would be an immense assistance and an in-
spiration to the, Secretary and other officers of the Society
and to the program committee if a larger number of the
members of the Society would attend the annual meetings.
Let the members of the Society not only attend the meet-
ting, but urge their neighbors and friends to do so.
Plans for a New Building for State Historical and
The Forty-Seventh General Assembly of the State of
Illinois, appropriated five thousand ($5,000) dollars and
created a commission for the purpose of having plans
drawn, a site selected and in a general way to make to the
next General Assembly, suggestions or recommendations
in regard to a building to house the State Historical
Library, the State Historical Society, the Natural History
Museum, the office of State Superintendent of Public In-
struction and allied interests. The commission under the
Act is made up of the Governor, Secretary of State, Super-
intendent of Public Instruction, President of the Board of
Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, the
President of the State 'Historical Society, the Auditor of
Public Accoimts, and the Department Commander of the
State G. A. *R. This commission has held a meeting and
organized by making Governor Deneen, chairman, and
Dean E. B. Greene, President of the Board of Trustees of
the Illinois State Historical Library, the secretary. The
Commission appointed a sub-committee consisting of the
Governor, Prof. F. G. Blair, superintendent of Public In-
struction, and E. B. Greene. This sub-committee was
authorized to employ Mr. W. G. Leland, secretary of the
American Historical Association who is an expert archivist
to visit Springfield and examine the State archives as they
are at present and make recommendations for the care
of the archives in a new building and also to estimate the
space required by each department, institution and board
in a hall of archives if such department should be made a
part of the contemplated new building. Mr. Leland has
spent much time in Europe and has examined the public
record and archive departments in England and on the
continent. He has also visited the more important
American archive depositories.
Mr. Leland accordingly came to Springfield and made a
most thorough and exhaustive search and examination of
the State records. He spent several weeks in this labor
and will make a full report to the Commission.
Mr. Leland's visit was a most helpful one to the officials
and employes of the Historical Library. He advised and
encouraged them in the care of manuscripts, rare books, and
maps and in many ways made his visit a pleasure and
profit to the Library and the Historical Society.
Upon the completion of his work at Springfield, Mr. Le-
land visited Chicago and held a conference with the State
The Commission will hold several other meetings during
the coming summer and will by the meeting of the next
General Assembly, have a report ready making recom-
mendations to the Legislature in regard to the proposed
It is hoped by the Commission and the Members of the
Historical Society that Illinois will be able on the one
hundredth anniversary of its admission as a State in 1918,
to dedicate a beautiful and stately Historical and Edu-
cational building, one which will be appropriate for the
purposes for which it is to be designed and commensurate
with the greatness of the State of Illinois.
The full text of the Act creating the Commission is here-
Investigations Educational Building Commission.
Preamble. 2. Plans and specifications.
1. Commissioh created. Report to next General
3. Appropriates $5,000 — how
(Senate Bill No. 465. Approved May 26, 1911.)
An Act to provide for the procuring of plans and speci-
cations for a State education building, to investigate and
report on a suitable site for its location and for the appoint-
ment of commissioners, and to make an appropriation to
defray the expense of the same.
Whereas, The State of Illinois has a large and valuable
collection of specimens, useful and necessary, in the
scientific work being done by the citizens of this and other
states and by our educational institutions ; and.
Whereas, The State Historical Society represents the
historical interests of the State, and has for its purpose the
promotion and diffusion of historical knowledge and has a
valuable collection relating to Illinois history; and.
Whereas, The State Historical Library constitutes the
most important source of historical documents and is the
repository for historical books of great value ; and
Whereas, The Memorial Hall for war relics contains
flags, armor and relics of great historical interest; and.
Whereas, These collections are very necessary and
useful in the study of Illinois history and constantly in
danger of destruction by fire and are practically inaccessible
where now stored; and.
Whereas, The Department of Public Instruction is at
present inadequately housed and cared for; and.
Whereas, All these departments are closely related, and
could, when placed side by side, contribute much to the
advancement of science, literature, history, patriotism and
education in the State of Illinois.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the people of the State of
Illinois, represented in the General Assembly; that a
commission consisting of the Governor, Secretary of State,
Superintendent of Public Instruction, President of the
Board of Trustees of the State Historical Library, Presi-
dent of the State Historical Society, Auditor of Public
Accounts and the Department Commander of the State
G. A. R., is hereby constituted with full power to procure
plans and specifications for a suitable State building to be
erected by the State where all the property pertaining to
the history, science, literature, education and patriotism
now housed in different departments of the State buildings
may be placed.
2. Said commission shall procure plans and specifica-
tions for a building, and shall take steps to procure a proper
site for said building and the cost of the same, and report
the facts to the General Assembly of Illinois at the next
ensuing general session.
3. In order to enable the commission to carry out the
provisions of this Act, there is hereby appropriated the
sum of five thousand dollars ($5,000.00), and the Auditor
of Public Accounts is hereby authorized and required to
issue his warrant, or warrants, for all or any part of the
amount appropriated upon vouchers signed by the Gover-
Approved May 26, 1911.
OUR FIFTH VOLUME.
We regret that many applications . for copies of the
January Journal (No. 4 of Vol. 4) could not be supplied,
as the usual extra copies of the edition were entirely ex-
hausted by the demands of new members of the
State Historical Society. It must be borne in mind
that this quarterly is published, at great expense, for
gratuitous distribution only to members of the Society
and the Ubraries and institutions with which we ex-
change. Each member of the Society is entitled to a
copy of the Journal^ and also to a copy of all other publica-
tions of the State Historical Society and State Historical
Library, free of postage or express charges. And as the
annual membership fee of the Society is but one dollar,
there is obvious inducement for those desiring these pub-
lications to become members of the Society.
The fifth volume of the Journal commences auspiciously
with this number, bidding fair to well maintain the in-
creasing interest in Illinois history inspired by the preceding
volumes. The enlarging demands for it by the reading
public all over the cotmtry; the many ably- written con-
tributions offered to its pages, and the very favorable
comments, from all quarters, upon its contents and its
efforts, are gratifying evidence of its estimated value and
usefulness, as also of that of the State Historical Society
it represents. Volume IV, concluded by the recently issued
January ntmiber, with its improved arrangement of reading
matter and ample reference index, is a creditable and sub-
stantial addition to the historical literature of our State.
The work thus far, and as we will endeavor to continue it,
will constitute a record of Illinois history but little, if at all,
inferior in importance to the "collections'* pubUshed by
the State Historical Library.
However, it is not the purpose of the Journal to repro-
duce Illinois history in the sense of exhaustive narrations
of events in the order in which they happened, with dis-
cussions of their causes and effects synthetically considered;
but to preserve the details and minutiae of various phases
of that history — the minor occurrences, physical phenome-
na, incidents, and changes, influencing the conditions and
progress of individuals and communities — which could
not well be included in the published standard histories of
the State. As far as practicable, attention will be given
in these pages to the detection and correction of
errors that have, here and there, crept into our best
local histories. The careless statement of traditions or
random assumptions of probability, as facts, copied as
such by subsequent writers without thought of their
verification by investigation, become perpetuated as his-
toryy and prove to be an element of vitiation difficult to
rectify or eradicate.
Some of this material now presented to the public by the
Journal may seem trivial and insignificant, but there is
little doubt that it will prove in the aggregate, to the future
historical writer and student, a mine of valuable and re-
LAST HONORS TO MAINE VICTIMS.
On March 23, 1912, the American nation wrote the final
chapter of the tragedy of the old battleship Maine, and
paid its tribute to the heroes who were sacrificed on the
altar of patriotism fourteen years ago. With a wealth of
sentiment, the bones of sixty-seven unidentified dead
resurrected from the harbor of Havana, were consigned by
a reverent republic to the sacred soil of Arlington national
cemetery to be mingled with the dust of the country's
President Taft and his cabinet, both houses of congress
and all the other officials of the government set aside the
day and did homage to the dead.
Before the services at the graves, a solemn service was
held on the south front of the state, war and navy buildings.
This was attended by the president and vice president and
other oflBcials g^nd members of congress.
One by one the army gun caissons bearing the bones of
the dead, in thirty-four caskets, rolled up to the plot in
the cemetery and the president and every one in his party
and the great crowd tmcovered. Prom across the open
chasms of upturned earth came the dirges from the marine
band. A field of flowers upon the new turned sod told of
the reverence in which the dead were held. Thousands
who thronged the streets of the national capital when the
funeral cortege made its solemn way through the streets,
uncovered their heads when the coffins came and so re-
mained imtil the ^procession had passed.
An enormous throng had gathered at the south front
of the state, war and navy building when the procession
reached there. The coffins had been removed from the
scout cndser Birmingham at the navy yard at noon amid
much ceremony. Through crowd-hned streets they were
escorted to the scene of the first ceremonial. Hushed
silence paid its tribute throughout the progress of two
President Taft occupied a chair in the center of the
esplanade. - On his right the Cuban minister sat through-
out the services, an interested auditor, on his left was Rear
Admiral Charles D. Sigsbee, who was captain of the Maine,
and Rear Admiral Wainwright, who was executive officer
of the ill-fated ship. Both bowed their heads when Pather
Chidwick, chaplain of the old Maine, recounted the scenes
that attended the destruction of the vessel. Chaplain
Chidwick spoke from a ftill heart. His eyes were wet when
**Por the aid of a new people and the advancement and
glory of our own country," he said, ''these heroes gave
up their lives — ^this sacrifice that we see before us was made.
To-day we thank God we sent forth our soldiers, not with
vengeance in their hearts, but with the feeling of humanity
and justice, to right the wrong.
**We have placed no responsibility for the tragedy, and
thank God for that. We wish everything good for the
nation with which we now are at peace, and whose pros-
perity we desire. Nevertheless, the ship was an altar, and
the men who perished, a sacrifice."
A sharp patter of hail fell when President Taft, bare-
headed, walked to the front of the platform. He did not
try to shield himself from the storm and waved aside the
proffer of an umbrella. The great crowd of citizens,
hedged in by the military, heard him in respectful silence.
When the president had concluded. Right Rev. W. P.
Anderson pronounced the benediction, the artillerymen on
their horses saluting. The crowd was uncovered. This
ended the exercises in the city.
The long line of cavalry, artillery, infantry, seamen and
marines marched the six miles from Washington to the
Virginia burying grotmd to the strains of dirges and slow-
timed funeral marches. Along the way, a silence more
impressive than cheers, greeted them.
One by one the coffins were lifted by reverent hands from
the gun carriages and borne to the open graves, on a rain-
swept hill overlooking the Potomac river. In the center
of the waiting graves stood the old anchor of the Maine.
Its ir©n shank bore a plate inscribed :
'*U. S. S. Maine, blown up Feb. 15, 1898. Here lie the
remains of 163 men of the Maine's crew, brought from
Havana, Cuba, and re-interred at Arlington, Dec. 20, 1899.
The bones of the unidentified heroes to-day were con-
signed to earth with those whose names were known.
As each casket was lowered into the earth, one of the
**jackies" who bore it remained at the head of the grave
with the star spangled union jack in his hands, its trailing
end covering the coffin beneath. As grave after grave
received its dead, the squadron of silent sentinels increased.
Eventually the entire plot was studded with sailors
standing bareheaded in the rain.
When the last casket had been lowered and the flowers,
almost knee deep beside the graves, had been arranged,
Chaplain Bayard read the Episcopal service for the dead.
He was followed by Maurice Simmons, commander-in-
chief of the United Spanish War Veterans, who paid a high
tribute to the loyalty and sacrifice of the dead. Three
members of the order came forward and took up their
places beside the open graves. The first cast upon the
cofiin a sprig of evergreen, emblematic of the undying love
a country owes its defenders and the affection comrades
feel for their memory.
The second veteran placed upon the casket a white rose,
which he declared was indicative of the life hereafter of
those who died in defense of the flag. The third placed a
small United States flag beside the other symbols.
The bands played a dirge, a squad of soldiers fired a
salute, and a navy buglar sounded the melancholy melody
of **taps.*' Then followed a national salute from the
guns of the fort, and the ceremonies were ended.
FREAKS OF NATURE.
History now and then repeats itself in respect to long
cold winters, as that through which we have recently
passed. Several such winters are remembered in the annals
of our State, and some far more rigorous than it was.
In the winter of 1842-3, snow fell to the depth of two feet
or more, and remained on the ground for many weeks, with
the temperature ranging from 10 to 38 degrees below zero.
For duration and continued cold it exceeded the famous
** winter of the deep snow," that of 1830-31. On the other
hand, many strangely mild winters have been experienced
in this latitude — that of 1889-90, as an instance, when, in
January, snakes emerged from their hibernation, insects
flitted about in the sunshine and farmers plowed up their
But the most notable natural phenomena are the sporadic
freaks very seldom, if ever, repeated. Of this class was the
singtdar **dark day,** during the Revolutionary war.
The sky was clear and the sun was not eclipsed by inter-
position of the moon; but the total obscuration of light —
throughout the United States — commencing in the morning
of May 19th, 1780 — continued until the next morning.
The sun shining brightly eariy in the day, seemed to set
prematurely. The birds ceased their songs and disappear-
ed in the woods; the barn-yard fowls flew up to their roosts;
candles were lighted in the houses and all out-door work
was suspended. The true cause of that mysterious dark-
ness has never been satisfactorily explained. In this class
of capricious processes of nattire may be mentioned the
"hurricanes** that in pioneer times » swept with terrific
force over the country — ^particularly in the southern portion
of this State, leaving their course marked by streaks of
prostrated trees, through the timbered regions, as if pur-
posely cleared for railroad tracks. They are now, as
''cyclones** or ** tornadoes,** well understood, but none the
less dreadful or dreaded. The earthquake of 1811-12 was
another freakish caper of nature, fortunately not repeated,
to the same extent, in this locality; but leaving us no assur-
ance that it may not again occur. The appaling drouth of
1820 that wilted and withered all vegetation and lowered
the Mississippi so that at Alton, a man on horseback forded
it; and the fearful overflows of 1844 which enabled a large
steamljcfat to cross the American Bottom, starting from
Main street in St. Louis, to the Illinois bluffs, are marked
instances of the instability of our whimsical climate.
The most wonderful of all the sportive eccentricities of
nattire seen here — and not since repeated, but often describ-
ed — was the ''falling stars** in 1833. A short time after
midnight on the morning of Nov. 13th of that year the
display commenced. Myriads of meteors, igniting on
coming in contact with the atmosphere, fell like a fiery
snow storm, lighting the night with a weird brilUancy and
continued until extinguished by the stronger light of the
risen Sim. A memorable meteorological freak was the
"Cold Tuesday,** Dec. 20, 1836. A warm rain had fallen
all day until about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, when a black
cloud was seen in the northwest swiftly approaching,
propelled by a piercing cold wind ; within an hour the tem-
perature fell 78 degrees — to 18 below zero — at once freezing
solid the mud and water, and forming ice on the Illinois
river thick enough to catch and hold the canoes of fisher-
men before they could reach the shore. But, perhaps,
not since the glacial epoch, has the great ice sheet or sleet,
of November, 1881, been paralleled in this State. The
entire surface of the earth was literally encased in ice
from one to three inches in thickness. Trees and shrubbery
were broken and crushed by its weight; ice-coated twigs
were cut weighing 20 pounds, that, denuded of the ige,
weighed barely one pound.
One of the worst weather freaks of recent times — still
remembered by many — was the **Big Frost*' of 1863.
July had been unusually warm, but as August advanced,
the nights became quite cool, until on Sunday morning,
the 23rd, the thermometer here registered but 27 degrees
above zero, and frost covered the ground like snow. Its
destruction of garden and field products was general and
well nigh complete. Late com was ruined or fit only for
cow feed; sweet potatoes and melons were killed and Irish
potatoes badly damaged, and, in some localities, peaches
and apples almost mature were frozen on the trees.
The early settlers of southern Illinois raised sufficient
tobacco and cotton for their domestic consumption, and
castor beans enough for export. Those crops — ^very sen-
sitive to the action of frost — ^have been entirely abandoned
in this State since the "Big Frost'* of 1863. But that
event, the '*Cold Tuesday," the ** Great Sleet '* and occa-
sional winters of unusual severity, are only exceptional
atmospheric freaks, of no value as proof that the climate
has undergone any permanent change of average mean
temperature since the first European settlement of this
Gov. R. J. Oglesby's Pension.
The following is a copy of Gov. Oglesby's application
for a pension for his services in the Mexican War, taken
from the records of the Pension Department at Washing-
**I am the identical Richard Oglesby, who served, the
full period of one year in the military service of the United
States in the war with Mexico. I enlisted under the name
of Richard J. Oglesby on or about the 13th day of Jtme,
1846. My recollection is that I volunteered sometime in
May, 1846, as a private in Co. C, Capt. J. C. Pugh, Fourth
Regiment, Illinois volunteers, commanded by Col. E. D.
Baker and was honorably discharged as a first lieutenant
in May or June, 1847. During said service, I accompanied
my command in Mexico and participated in the following
engagements: The siege of Vera Cruz in the spring of
1847, and the battle of Cerro Gordo on the 18th day of
April, 1847. In the last battle, I was in command of
Co. C, and out of forty-one men and officers engaged, nine
were wounded and one killed. I have always felt that that
battle ought to have earned for me a pension from that day
up to the present time. It was on that day the brave
Genl. Shields was almost fatally wounded at the head of
Col. Baker's regiment, at the head of which regiment was
Co. Ct and at the head of which company was your humble
servant, commanding. Shields was commanding a bri-
gade, Baker a regiment, and Oglesby a company. This
affidavit is therefore now made for the purpose of obtaining
a pension under the law of Congress upon that subject
passed, as I am informed, about the close of the last session.
If any defect shall be found in the form of this application,
I respectfully request that you will waive the same and
issue the necessary certificate upon the merits of the case.
I was bom Jtdy 25th, A. D. 1824, and I was, therefore,
63 years old July 25, 1887.
(Signed) Richard J. Oglesby.*'
The Illinois Legislature.
This anecdote, found in an old newspaper of 1882, may
be now considered quite apropos, according to the repre-
sentations of some of the numerous candidates at present
canvassing the State :
"Col. William R. Morrison and the Hon. John Sherman
were discussing the relative merits of their respective
State legislatures the other day, when the Ohio Senator
said : *I never knew a citizen of my State who was ashamed
of being a member of its general assembly, and that is
more than I can say for Illinois.' When Col. Morrison
asked for proof of that assertion the Buckeye statesman
continued: 'Away back in the *SOs there lived in Hamil-
ton county, Ohio, a disreputable cuss named Johnston.
He finally moved out to Illinois, and the community
breathed easier for his absence. A few years ago one of
Johnston's former neighbors met him at Springfield.
After some conversation, Johnston said: *I suppose I left
a pretty hard reputation behind me in Ohio?*
*I am sorry to say you did,' was the xmfeeling reply.
'I hope you'll tell them I've reformed," continued John-
ston, and that I am now a member of the Illinois legisla-
The friend promised to do so, and started away, when
Johnston caHed him back, remarking: You say they still
regard me as a pretty tough citizen back there?'
Again his friend answered in the affirmative. 'Well,'
said Johnston, sinking his voice to a whisper, *I guess you
better tell them everything you know about me except
that I am a member of this legislature. I would rather
you wouldn't mention that'."
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Tankersley of White Hall, III.,
Celebrate Their Golden Wedding.
A very notable affair was held at the country home of
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ross, near White Hall, 111., Monday,
Feb. 19, 1912, to do honor to Mrs. Ross' parents, Mr. and
Mrs. William A. Tankersley, who have traveled along the
journey of life fifty years together.
William A. Tankersley and Margaret E. Cotdtas were
married Feb. 19,. 1862, at the cotmtry home of the bride's
tmcle near Winchester by a Baptist minister, Rev. Elijah
Cox. At that ceremony were present Mr. and Mrs. James
Rough of Winchester. They were also present at the
Mr. and Mrs. Tankersley have eleven living children,
fourteen grandchildren and three great grand-children.
They, together with the brothers and sisters of the aged
couple, were present, with the exception of two sisters in
Missouri, who were unable to come.
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ross served a fine turkey dinner,
which was much appreciated by the assembled guests,
all doing full justice to the national bird. The house was
decorated in gold throughout, with vellow chrysanthemums.
The favors were bell shaped cards lettered in gold with the
dates 1862-1912 and the announcement. The children
presented the aged parents with two handsome rockers
with a gold plate inlaid bearing the dates 1862-1912. Mr.
and Mrs. Tankersley are in good health and still engage
in their regtdar farm work. Mr. Tankersley brings his
milk to the condenser every morning. He is 73 years
of age and his wife is 71.
They moved to the farm they now occupy in 1864.
Having made a small payment on the 114 acres at that
time, he has since paid for that and added 46 acres more,
which he has paid for, and has money on interest. By
careful management, honesty and industry he has laid by a
goodly fruitage and reared a family of sterling men and
Mrs. Tankersley was a beautiful young woman and
had the honor of sitting, in company with thirty-two young
ladies, each representing a state in the union, at the same
table with Abraham Lincoln in the old Madison house in
Jacksonville. Next day the party drove to Winchester on
a large wagon prepared for the occasion, passing Lincoln
on the way, he having ordered his driver to turn aside in
order that they might pass. Mrs. Tankersley's reminis-
cences of the occasion are very interesting.
Thb Governors op Illinois.
Mr. Wm. R. Sandham of Wyoming, Illinois, is writing
for the newspaper of his home town a series of articles on
the Governors of Illinois. He has already written
valuable articles on Gov. Thos. Pord, Gov. Joel A. Mat-
teson and one on Richard Yates, the War Governor of
First Annual Meeting op the Bureau County His-
The newly organized Bureau County Historical Society
held its first annual meeting at Princeton on January 6th,
1912. This day being the one hundred and first anniver-
sary of the birth of Owen Love joy, a program in honor of
Mr. Lovejoy was given. Addresses on his life and work
were given and music appropriate to the occasion was
The program in full is as follows:
Organ Prdude Miss Grace Farwell
Opening Address (Pres. Bureau Co. Historiccd Society),
Mr. E. B. Gushing
Song— "Illinois" Miss Qara Wadell
The Man and the Gitizen, Mrs. Sophia Lovejoy Dickenson
The Pastor Mrs. EBa W. Harrison
Hymn— "The Spirit of the Pilgrims" Quartette
The Undergrotmd Railroad in Illinois
Mr. William A. Meese
Hymn— "The Slave Mother" Quartette
A Letter from President Lincoln. .Mrs. Sue Bryant Ferris
The Statesman Hon. H. S. Magill
Gl^TS TO THE LiRBART.
Galesburg Public Schools. Their history and work
1861-1911, by William Lucas Steele.
The above is the title of a most valtiable and interesting
history of the Galesburg schools and by the author pre-
sented to ,the Library. If the history of the schools of
each city and county were written in this way, it would
furnish a history of the schools of Illinois whidi would be
readable, reliable and of the greatest value.
Starved Rock, a Chapter of Colonial History. Bt
Eaton G. Osman.
This book presented to the Library by the Author, is of
special interest as it treats on an interesting epoch in
Illinois history, and its author is an Illinois writer and a
member of the Historical Society.
With a Rod op Iron. By William E. Savage.
This is also the work of an Illinois author and by him
presented to the Library.
Pictorial History op the War.
The Library has received a generous gift from Mr. John
S. Brewer of Chicago, of a fine set of the Photographic
History of the Civil War. This work is issued in ten
volumes and it is published by the Review of Reviews
Compaay of New York City.
Frauds Trevelyan Miller is editor in chief of the work.
The trustees of the Library and the officers of the Society
desire to express their appreciation for these gifts and to
thank the donors.