(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Editorial Notes"

Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World 

This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in 
the world by JSTOR. 

Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other 
writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the 
mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. 

We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this 
resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial 
purposes. 

Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.istor.org/participate-istor/individuals/early- 
journal-content . 



JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people 
discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching 
platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit 
organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please 
contact support@jstor.org. 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



129 



JOUSNAL OF 
THE ILLINOIS STATE fflSTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Published Quarterly by the Society at Springfield, Illinois 

JESSIE PALMER WEBER, Editor-in-Chief 

Associate Editors 

J. H. Bumham H. W. Clendenin Andrew Russel 

Wm. A. Meese George W. Smith Edward C. Page 

Applications for Membership in the Society may be sent to the Secretary of 

the Society, Mrs. Jessie Palmer WetJer, Springfield, HI. 
Membership Fee, One Dollar, Paid Annually. Life Membeorship Fee, $25. 

Vol. v. April, 1912. No. I. 



Annual Meeting of the Illinois State Historical 

Society. Springfield, Illinois, May 23-24, 

1912. Members of the Society Urged 

TO Attend. 



The annual meeting of the Historical Society will be 
held in the State Capitol Building at Springfield, on Thurs- 
day and Friday, May 23-24, 1912. The Illinois State 
Medical Society will hold its annual meeting in Spring- 
field, May 21-23, this being Tuesday, Wednesday and 
Thursday of the same week and as many of the members 
of the Medical* Association are also members of the His- 
torical Society, this arrangement makes it possible for these 
members to attend both meetings. 

The annual meeting of the Historical Society was as 
will be remembered, held in Chicago and Evanston last 
year, and those who were fortunate enough to attend the 
meeting will remember the generous hospitality of the 
Chicago Historical Society and the citizens of Evanston. 

The program for this year's meeting will be of unusual 
interest. The annual address will be given by Prof. Wm. 
E. Dodd of the University of Chicago. The address will 
be on the subject of the Mexican War and sentiment in 
regard to it in the West. This is of course, not the exact 
title of the address, but is merely the subject upon which 



130 

Professor Dodd will speak. Among others who will 
speak are Prof. F. I. Heniott of Drake University, Des 
Moines, who will speak on Senator Douglas and the 
Germans in 1854; Prof. M. M. Quaife of Lewis Institute, 
Chicago, who will speak on the supposed old French Fort 
at Chicago; Prof. C. M. Thompson of the University of 
Illinois, who will speak on the Genesis of the Whig Party in 
Illinois; Mrs. Minnie G. Cook of Milwaukee, who will 
speak on Virginia Currency in the Illinois; Prof. John P. 
Senning who will speak on the Kiiow-Nothing Party in Illi- 
nois; Maj. W. R. Prickett who will address the Society 
on the life of Joseph Gillespie, a pioneer lawyer of 
Southern Illinois; M. L. Fuller, of the United States 
Weather Bureau, Peoria, whose address will be on some 
weather phenomena of Illinois in early days; Dr. C. B. 
Johnston of Champaign, who will tell of Early Educational 
Opportunities in Illinois in the middle of the nineteenth 
century; Capt. J. H. Bumham who will tell something of 
the part taken by the Thirty-third Volunteer Infantry in 
the Great Civil War; Mr. Henry W. Lee of Chicago, who 
will speak on the Calumet Portage, and Mrs. K. T. Ander- 
son, of Rock Island, will tell us something about the 
Legends of the Mississippi. 

There will be other speakers who have not yet given the 
secretary the titles of their addresses and there will be the 
usual Business meeting with reports of officers and com- 
mittees. 

The titles of addresses as given above are none of them 
exact titles, but give the subjects upon which the speakers 
will address the Society. The exact titles and a complete 
program will be sent members a short time previous to 
the annual meeting. 

The oflBcers of the Society and the members of the pro- 
gram committee urge the members of the Society to make 
special efforts to attend the annual meeting. It is true 
that the papers in full reach you in the transactions of the 
Society, but much is lost in failing to hear the addresses 



131 

and in making the acquaintance of the speakers and other 
members of the Society. 

It certainly would be an immense assistance and an in- 
spiration to the, Secretary and other officers of the Society 
and to the program committee if a larger number of the 
members of the Society would attend the annual meetings. 
Let the members of the Society not only attend the meet- 
ting, but urge their neighbors and friends to do so. 

Plans for a New Building for State Historical and 
Allied Interests. 

The Forty-Seventh General Assembly of the State of 
Illinois, appropriated five thousand ($5,000) dollars and 
created a commission for the purpose of having plans 
drawn, a site selected and in a general way to make to the 
next General Assembly, suggestions or recommendations 
in regard to a building to house the State Historical 
Library, the State Historical Society, the Natural History 
Museum, the office of State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction and allied interests. The commission under the 
Act is made up of the Governor, Secretary of State, Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, President of the Board of 
Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, the 
President of the State 'Historical Society, the Auditor of 
Public Accoimts, and the Department Commander of the 
State G. A. *R. This commission has held a meeting and 
organized by making Governor Deneen, chairman, and 
Dean E. B. Greene, President of the Board of Trustees of 
the Illinois State Historical Library, the secretary. The 
Commission appointed a sub-committee consisting of the 
Governor, Prof. F. G. Blair, superintendent of Public In- 
struction, and E. B. Greene. This sub-committee was 
authorized to employ Mr. W. G. Leland, secretary of the 
American Historical Association who is an expert archivist 
to visit Springfield and examine the State archives as they 
are at present and make recommendations for the care 
of the archives in a new building and also to estimate the 
space required by each department, institution and board 



132 

in a hall of archives if such department should be made a 
part of the contemplated new building. Mr. Leland has 
spent much time in Europe and has examined the public 
record and archive departments in England and on the 
continent. He has also visited the more important 
American archive depositories. 

Mr. Leland accordingly came to Springfield and made a 
most thorough and exhaustive search and examination of 
the State records. He spent several weeks in this labor 
and will make a full report to the Commission. 

Mr. Leland's visit was a most helpful one to the officials 
and employes of the Historical Library. He advised and 
encouraged them in the care of manuscripts, rare books, and 
maps and in many ways made his visit a pleasure and 
profit to the Library and the Historical Society. 

Upon the completion of his work at Springfield, Mr. Le- 
land visited Chicago and held a conference with the State 
Architect. 

The Commission will hold several other meetings during 
the coming summer and will by the meeting of the next 
General Assembly, have a report ready making recom- 
mendations to the Legislature in regard to the proposed 
building. 

It is hoped by the Commission and the Members of the 
Historical Society that Illinois will be able on the one 
hundredth anniversary of its admission as a State in 1918, 
to dedicate a beautiful and stately Historical and Edu- 
cational building, one which will be appropriate for the 
purposes for which it is to be designed and commensurate 
with the greatness of the State of Illinois. 

The full text of the Act creating the Commission is here- 
by given. 



133 

Investigations Educational Building Commission. 

Preamble. 2. Plans and specifications. 

1. Commissioh created. Report to next General 

Assembly. 
3. Appropriates $5,000 — how 
drawn. 
(Senate Bill No. 465. Approved May 26, 1911.) 

An Act to provide for the procuring of plans and speci- 
cations for a State education building, to investigate and 
report on a suitable site for its location and for the appoint- 
ment of commissioners, and to make an appropriation to 
defray the expense of the same. 

Whereas, The State of Illinois has a large and valuable 
collection of specimens, useful and necessary, in the 
scientific work being done by the citizens of this and other 
states and by our educational institutions ; and. 

Whereas, The State Historical Society represents the 
historical interests of the State, and has for its purpose the 
promotion and diffusion of historical knowledge and has a 
valuable collection relating to Illinois history; and. 

Whereas, The State Historical Library constitutes the 
most important source of historical documents and is the 
repository for historical books of great value ; and 

Whereas, The Memorial Hall for war relics contains 
flags, armor and relics of great historical interest; and. 

Whereas, These collections are very necessary and 
useful in the study of Illinois history and constantly in 
danger of destruction by fire and are practically inaccessible 
where now stored; and. 

Whereas, The Department of Public Instruction is at 
present inadequately housed and cared for; and. 

Whereas, All these departments are closely related, and 
could, when placed side by side, contribute much to the 
advancement of science, literature, history, patriotism and 
education in the State of Illinois. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the people of the State of 
Illinois, represented in the General Assembly; that a 



134 

commission consisting of the Governor, Secretary of State, 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, President of the 
Board of Trustees of the State Historical Library, Presi- 
dent of the State Historical Society, Auditor of Public 
Accounts and the Department Commander of the State 
G. A. R., is hereby constituted with full power to procure 
plans and specifications for a suitable State building to be 
erected by the State where all the property pertaining to 
the history, science, literature, education and patriotism 
now housed in different departments of the State buildings 
may be placed. 

2. Said commission shall procure plans and specifica- 
tions for a building, and shall take steps to procure a proper 
site for said building and the cost of the same, and report 
the facts to the General Assembly of Illinois at the next 
ensuing general session. 

3. In order to enable the commission to carry out the 
provisions of this Act, there is hereby appropriated the 
sum of five thousand dollars ($5,000.00), and the Auditor 
of Public Accounts is hereby authorized and required to 
issue his warrant, or warrants, for all or any part of the 
amount appropriated upon vouchers signed by the Gover- 
nor. 

Approved May 26, 1911. 



135 



OUR FIFTH VOLUME. 



We regret that many applications . for copies of the 
January Journal (No. 4 of Vol. 4) could not be supplied, 
as the usual extra copies of the edition were entirely ex- 
hausted by the demands of new members of the 
State Historical Society. It must be borne in mind 
that this quarterly is published, at great expense, for 
gratuitous distribution only to members of the Society 
and the Ubraries and institutions with which we ex- 
change. Each member of the Society is entitled to a 
copy of the Journal^ and also to a copy of all other publica- 
tions of the State Historical Society and State Historical 
Library, free of postage or express charges. And as the 
annual membership fee of the Society is but one dollar, 
there is obvious inducement for those desiring these pub- 
lications to become members of the Society. 

The fifth volume of the Journal commences auspiciously 
with this number, bidding fair to well maintain the in- 
creasing interest in Illinois history inspired by the preceding 
volumes. The enlarging demands for it by the reading 
public all over the cotmtry; the many ably- written con- 
tributions offered to its pages, and the very favorable 
comments, from all quarters, upon its contents and its 
efforts, are gratifying evidence of its estimated value and 
usefulness, as also of that of the State Historical Society 
it represents. Volume IV, concluded by the recently issued 
January ntmiber, with its improved arrangement of reading 
matter and ample reference index, is a creditable and sub- 
stantial addition to the historical literature of our State. 
The work thus far, and as we will endeavor to continue it, 
will constitute a record of Illinois history but little, if at all, 
inferior in importance to the "collections'* pubUshed by 
the State Historical Library. 

However, it is not the purpose of the Journal to repro- 



136 

duce Illinois history in the sense of exhaustive narrations 
of events in the order in which they happened, with dis- 
cussions of their causes and effects synthetically considered; 
but to preserve the details and minutiae of various phases 
of that history — the minor occurrences, physical phenome- 
na, incidents, and changes, influencing the conditions and 
progress of individuals and communities — which could 
not well be included in the published standard histories of 
the State. As far as practicable, attention will be given 
in these pages to the detection and correction of 
errors that have, here and there, crept into our best 
local histories. The careless statement of traditions or 
random assumptions of probability, as facts, copied as 
such by subsequent writers without thought of their 
verification by investigation, become perpetuated as his- 
toryy and prove to be an element of vitiation difficult to 
rectify or eradicate. 

Some of this material now presented to the public by the 
Journal may seem trivial and insignificant, but there is 
little doubt that it will prove in the aggregate, to the future 
historical writer and student, a mine of valuable and re- 
reliable information. 



LAST HONORS TO MAINE VICTIMS. 

On March 23, 1912, the American nation wrote the final 
chapter of the tragedy of the old battleship Maine, and 
paid its tribute to the heroes who were sacrificed on the 
altar of patriotism fourteen years ago. With a wealth of 
sentiment, the bones of sixty-seven unidentified dead 
resurrected from the harbor of Havana, were consigned by 
a reverent republic to the sacred soil of Arlington national 
cemetery to be mingled with the dust of the country's 
hallowed dead. 

President Taft and his cabinet, both houses of congress 
and all the other officials of the government set aside the 
day and did homage to the dead. 

Before the services at the graves, a solemn service was 



137 

held on the south front of the state, war and navy buildings. 
This was attended by the president and vice president and 
other oflBcials g^nd members of congress. 

One by one the army gun caissons bearing the bones of 
the dead, in thirty-four caskets, rolled up to the plot in 
the cemetery and the president and every one in his party 
and the great crowd tmcovered. Prom across the open 
chasms of upturned earth came the dirges from the marine 
band. A field of flowers upon the new turned sod told of 
the reverence in which the dead were held. Thousands 
who thronged the streets of the national capital when the 
funeral cortege made its solemn way through the streets, 
uncovered their heads when the coffins came and so re- 
mained imtil the ^procession had passed. 

An enormous throng had gathered at the south front 
of the state, war and navy building when the procession 
reached there. The coffins had been removed from the 
scout cndser Birmingham at the navy yard at noon amid 
much ceremony. Through crowd-hned streets they were 
escorted to the scene of the first ceremonial. Hushed 
silence paid its tribute throughout the progress of two 
miles. 

President Taft occupied a chair in the center of the 
esplanade. - On his right the Cuban minister sat through- 
out the services, an interested auditor, on his left was Rear 
Admiral Charles D. Sigsbee, who was captain of the Maine, 
and Rear Admiral Wainwright, who was executive officer 
of the ill-fated ship. Both bowed their heads when Pather 
Chidwick, chaplain of the old Maine, recounted the scenes 
that attended the destruction of the vessel. Chaplain 
Chidwick spoke from a ftill heart. His eyes were wet when 
he began. 

**Por the aid of a new people and the advancement and 
glory of our own country," he said, ''these heroes gave 
up their lives — ^this sacrifice that we see before us was made. 
To-day we thank God we sent forth our soldiers, not with 
vengeance in their hearts, but with the feeling of humanity 
and justice, to right the wrong. 



138 

**We have placed no responsibility for the tragedy, and 
thank God for that. We wish everything good for the 
nation with which we now are at peace, and whose pros- 
perity we desire. Nevertheless, the ship was an altar, and 
the men who perished, a sacrifice." 

A sharp patter of hail fell when President Taft, bare- 
headed, walked to the front of the platform. He did not 
try to shield himself from the storm and waved aside the 
proffer of an umbrella. The great crowd of citizens, 
hedged in by the military, heard him in respectful silence. 

When the president had concluded. Right Rev. W. P. 
Anderson pronounced the benediction, the artillerymen on 
their horses saluting. The crowd was uncovered. This 
ended the exercises in the city. 

The long line of cavalry, artillery, infantry, seamen and 
marines marched the six miles from Washington to the 
Virginia burying grotmd to the strains of dirges and slow- 
timed funeral marches. Along the way, a silence more 
impressive than cheers, greeted them. 

One by one the coffins were lifted by reverent hands from 
the gun carriages and borne to the open graves, on a rain- 
swept hill overlooking the Potomac river. In the center 
of the waiting graves stood the old anchor of the Maine. 
Its ir©n shank bore a plate inscribed : 

'*U. S. S. Maine, blown up Feb. 15, 1898. Here lie the 
remains of 163 men of the Maine's crew, brought from 
Havana, Cuba, and re-interred at Arlington, Dec. 20, 1899. 

The bones of the unidentified heroes to-day were con- 
signed to earth with those whose names were known. 

As each casket was lowered into the earth, one of the 
**jackies" who bore it remained at the head of the grave 
with the star spangled union jack in his hands, its trailing 
end covering the coffin beneath. As grave after grave 
received its dead, the squadron of silent sentinels increased. 

Eventually the entire plot was studded with sailors 
standing bareheaded in the rain. 

When the last casket had been lowered and the flowers, 
almost knee deep beside the graves, had been arranged, 



139 

Chaplain Bayard read the Episcopal service for the dead. 

He was followed by Maurice Simmons, commander-in- 
chief of the United Spanish War Veterans, who paid a high 
tribute to the loyalty and sacrifice of the dead. Three 
members of the order came forward and took up their 
places beside the open graves. The first cast upon the 
cofiin a sprig of evergreen, emblematic of the undying love 
a country owes its defenders and the affection comrades 
feel for their memory. 

The second veteran placed upon the casket a white rose, 
which he declared was indicative of the life hereafter of 
those who died in defense of the flag. The third placed a 
small United States flag beside the other symbols. 

The bands played a dirge, a squad of soldiers fired a 
salute, and a navy buglar sounded the melancholy melody 
of **taps.*' Then followed a national salute from the 
guns of the fort, and the ceremonies were ended. 



FREAKS OF NATURE. 

History now and then repeats itself in respect to long 
cold winters, as that through which we have recently 
passed. Several such winters are remembered in the annals 
of our State, and some far more rigorous than it was. 
In the winter of 1842-3, snow fell to the depth of two feet 
or more, and remained on the ground for many weeks, with 
the temperature ranging from 10 to 38 degrees below zero. 
For duration and continued cold it exceeded the famous 
** winter of the deep snow," that of 1830-31. On the other 
hand, many strangely mild winters have been experienced 
in this latitude — that of 1889-90, as an instance, when, in 
January, snakes emerged from their hibernation, insects 
flitted about in the sunshine and farmers plowed up their 
old meadows. 

But the most notable natural phenomena are the sporadic 
freaks very seldom, if ever, repeated. Of this class was the 
singtdar **dark day,** during the Revolutionary war. 
The sky was clear and the sun was not eclipsed by inter- 



140 

position of the moon; but the total obscuration of light — 
throughout the United States — commencing in the morning 
of May 19th, 1780 — continued until the next morning. 
The sun shining brightly eariy in the day, seemed to set 
prematurely. The birds ceased their songs and disappear- 
ed in the woods; the barn-yard fowls flew up to their roosts; 
candles were lighted in the houses and all out-door work 
was suspended. The true cause of that mysterious dark- 
ness has never been satisfactorily explained. In this class 
of capricious processes of nattire may be mentioned the 
"hurricanes** that in pioneer times » swept with terrific 
force over the country — ^particularly in the southern portion 
of this State, leaving their course marked by streaks of 
prostrated trees, through the timbered regions, as if pur- 
posely cleared for railroad tracks. They are now, as 
''cyclones** or ** tornadoes,** well understood, but none the 
less dreadful or dreaded. The earthquake of 1811-12 was 
another freakish caper of nature, fortunately not repeated, 
to the same extent, in this locality; but leaving us no assur- 
ance that it may not again occur. The appaling drouth of 
1820 that wilted and withered all vegetation and lowered 
the Mississippi so that at Alton, a man on horseback forded 
it; and the fearful overflows of 1844 which enabled a large 
steamljcfat to cross the American Bottom, starting from 
Main street in St. Louis, to the Illinois bluffs, are marked 
instances of the instability of our whimsical climate. 

The most wonderful of all the sportive eccentricities of 
nattire seen here — and not since repeated, but often describ- 
ed — was the ''falling stars** in 1833. A short time after 
midnight on the morning of Nov. 13th of that year the 
display commenced. Myriads of meteors, igniting on 
coming in contact with the atmosphere, fell like a fiery 
snow storm, lighting the night with a weird brilUancy and 
continued until extinguished by the stronger light of the 
risen Sim. A memorable meteorological freak was the 
"Cold Tuesday,** Dec. 20, 1836. A warm rain had fallen 
all day until about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, when a black 
cloud was seen in the northwest swiftly approaching, 



141 

propelled by a piercing cold wind ; within an hour the tem- 
perature fell 78 degrees — to 18 below zero — at once freezing 
solid the mud and water, and forming ice on the Illinois 
river thick enough to catch and hold the canoes of fisher- 
men before they could reach the shore. But, perhaps, 
not since the glacial epoch, has the great ice sheet or sleet, 
of November, 1881, been paralleled in this State. The 
entire surface of the earth was literally encased in ice 
from one to three inches in thickness. Trees and shrubbery 
were broken and crushed by its weight; ice-coated twigs 
were cut weighing 20 pounds, that, denuded of the ige, 
weighed barely one pound. 

One of the worst weather freaks of recent times — still 
remembered by many — was the **Big Frost*' of 1863. 
July had been unusually warm, but as August advanced, 
the nights became quite cool, until on Sunday morning, 
the 23rd, the thermometer here registered but 27 degrees 
above zero, and frost covered the ground like snow. Its 
destruction of garden and field products was general and 
well nigh complete. Late com was ruined or fit only for 
cow feed; sweet potatoes and melons were killed and Irish 
potatoes badly damaged, and, in some localities, peaches 
and apples almost mature were frozen on the trees. 

The early settlers of southern Illinois raised sufficient 
tobacco and cotton for their domestic consumption, and 
castor beans enough for export. Those crops — ^very sen- 
sitive to the action of frost — ^have been entirely abandoned 
in this State since the "Big Frost'* of 1863. But that 
event, the '*Cold Tuesday," the ** Great Sleet '* and occa- 
sional winters of unusual severity, are only exceptional 
atmospheric freaks, of no value as proof that the climate 
has undergone any permanent change of average mean 
temperature since the first European settlement of this 
country. 



142 



Gov. R. J. Oglesby's Pension. 

The following is a copy of Gov. Oglesby's application 
for a pension for his services in the Mexican War, taken 
from the records of the Pension Department at Washing- 
ton: 

**I am the identical Richard Oglesby, who served, the 
full period of one year in the military service of the United 
States in the war with Mexico. I enlisted under the name 
of Richard J. Oglesby on or about the 13th day of Jtme, 

1846. My recollection is that I volunteered sometime in 
May, 1846, as a private in Co. C, Capt. J. C. Pugh, Fourth 
Regiment, Illinois volunteers, commanded by Col. E. D. 
Baker and was honorably discharged as a first lieutenant 
in May or June, 1847. During said service, I accompanied 
my command in Mexico and participated in the following 
engagements: The siege of Vera Cruz in the spring of 

1847, and the battle of Cerro Gordo on the 18th day of 
April, 1847. In the last battle, I was in command of 
Co. C, and out of forty-one men and officers engaged, nine 
were wounded and one killed. I have always felt that that 
battle ought to have earned for me a pension from that day 
up to the present time. It was on that day the brave 
Genl. Shields was almost fatally wounded at the head of 
Col. Baker's regiment, at the head of which regiment was 
Co. Ct and at the head of which company was your humble 
servant, commanding. Shields was commanding a bri- 
gade, Baker a regiment, and Oglesby a company. This 
affidavit is therefore now made for the purpose of obtaining 
a pension under the law of Congress upon that subject 
passed, as I am informed, about the close of the last session. 
If any defect shall be found in the form of this application, 
I respectfully request that you will waive the same and 
issue the necessary certificate upon the merits of the case. 
I was bom Jtdy 25th, A. D. 1824, and I was, therefore, 
63 years old July 25, 1887. 

(Signed) Richard J. Oglesby.*' 



143 



The Illinois Legislature. 

This anecdote, found in an old newspaper of 1882, may 
be now considered quite apropos, according to the repre- 
sentations of some of the numerous candidates at present 
canvassing the State : 

"Col. William R. Morrison and the Hon. John Sherman 
were discussing the relative merits of their respective 
State legislatures the other day, when the Ohio Senator 
said : *I never knew a citizen of my State who was ashamed 
of being a member of its general assembly, and that is 
more than I can say for Illinois.' When Col. Morrison 
asked for proof of that assertion the Buckeye statesman 
continued: 'Away back in the *SOs there lived in Hamil- 
ton county, Ohio, a disreputable cuss named Johnston. 
He finally moved out to Illinois, and the community 
breathed easier for his absence. A few years ago one of 
Johnston's former neighbors met him at Springfield. 
After some conversation, Johnston said: *I suppose I left 
a pretty hard reputation behind me in Ohio?* 

*I am sorry to say you did,' was the xmfeeling reply. 

'I hope you'll tell them I've reformed," continued John- 
ston, and that I am now a member of the Illinois legisla- 
ture.' 

The friend promised to do so, and started away, when 
Johnston caHed him back, remarking: You say they still 
regard me as a pretty tough citizen back there?' 

Again his friend answered in the affirmative. 'Well,' 
said Johnston, sinking his voice to a whisper, *I guess you 
better tell them everything you know about me except 
that I am a member of this legislature. I would rather 
you wouldn't mention that'." 

Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Tankersley of White Hall, III., 
Celebrate Their Golden Wedding. 

A very notable affair was held at the country home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ross, near White Hall, 111., Monday, 
Feb. 19, 1912, to do honor to Mrs. Ross' parents, Mr. and 



144 

Mrs. William A. Tankersley, who have traveled along the 
journey of life fifty years together. 

William A. Tankersley and Margaret E. Cotdtas were 
married Feb. 19,. 1862, at the cotmtry home of the bride's 
tmcle near Winchester by a Baptist minister, Rev. Elijah 
Cox. At that ceremony were present Mr. and Mrs. James 
Rough of Winchester. They were also present at the 
anniversary dinner. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tankersley have eleven living children, 
fourteen grandchildren and three great grand-children. 
They, together with the brothers and sisters of the aged 
couple, were present, with the exception of two sisters in 
Missouri, who were unable to come. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ross served a fine turkey dinner, 
which was much appreciated by the assembled guests, 
all doing full justice to the national bird. The house was 
decorated in gold throughout, with vellow chrysanthemums. 
The favors were bell shaped cards lettered in gold with the 
dates 1862-1912 and the announcement. The children 
presented the aged parents with two handsome rockers 
with a gold plate inlaid bearing the dates 1862-1912. Mr. 
and Mrs. Tankersley are in good health and still engage 
in their regtdar farm work. Mr. Tankersley brings his 
milk to the condenser every morning. He is 73 years 
of age and his wife is 71. 

They moved to the farm they now occupy in 1864. 
Having made a small payment on the 114 acres at that 
time, he has since paid for that and added 46 acres more, 
which he has paid for, and has money on interest. By 
careful management, honesty and industry he has laid by a 
goodly fruitage and reared a family of sterling men and 
women. 

Mrs. Tankersley was a beautiful young woman and 
had the honor of sitting, in company with thirty-two young 
ladies, each representing a state in the union, at the same 
table with Abraham Lincoln in the old Madison house in 
Jacksonville. Next day the party drove to Winchester on 
a large wagon prepared for the occasion, passing Lincoln 



145 

on the way, he having ordered his driver to turn aside in 
order that they might pass. Mrs. Tankersley's reminis- 
cences of the occasion are very interesting. 

Thb Governors op Illinois. 

Mr. Wm. R. Sandham of Wyoming, Illinois, is writing 
for the newspaper of his home town a series of articles on 
the Governors of Illinois. He has already written 
valuable articles on Gov. Thos. Pord, Gov. Joel A. Mat- 
teson and one on Richard Yates, the War Governor of 
Illinois. 

First Annual Meeting op the Bureau County His- 
torical Society. 

The newly organized Bureau County Historical Society 
held its first annual meeting at Princeton on January 6th, 
1912. This day being the one hundred and first anniver- 
sary of the birth of Owen Love joy, a program in honor of 
Mr. Lovejoy was given. Addresses on his life and work 
were given and music appropriate to the occasion was 
rendered. 

The program in full is as follows: 

Organ Prdude Miss Grace Farwell 

Opening Address (Pres. Bureau Co. Historiccd Society), 

Mr. E. B. Gushing 

Song— "Illinois" Miss Qara Wadell 

The Man and the Gitizen, Mrs. Sophia Lovejoy Dickenson 

The Pastor Mrs. EBa W. Harrison 

Hymn— "The Spirit of the Pilgrims" Quartette 

The Undergrotmd Railroad in Illinois 

Mr. William A. Meese 

Hymn— "The Slave Mother" Quartette 

A Letter from President Lincoln. .Mrs. Sue Bryant Ferris 

The Statesman Hon. H. S. Magill 

America Quartette 

Gl^TS TO THE LiRBART. 

Galesburg Public Schools. Their history and work 
1861-1911, by William Lucas Steele. 



146 

The above is the title of a most valtiable and interesting 
history of the Galesburg schools and by the author pre- 
sented to ,the Library. If the history of the schools of 
each city and county were written in this way, it would 
furnish a history of the schools of Illinois whidi would be 
readable, reliable and of the greatest value. 

Starved Rock, a Chapter of Colonial History. Bt 
Eaton G. Osman. 

This book presented to the Library by the Author, is of 
special interest as it treats on an interesting epoch in 
Illinois history, and its author is an Illinois writer and a 
member of the Historical Society. 

With a Rod op Iron. By William E. Savage. 

This is also the work of an Illinois author and by him 
presented to the Library. 

Pictorial History op the War. 

The Library has received a generous gift from Mr. John 
S. Brewer of Chicago, of a fine set of the Photographic 
History of the Civil War. This work is issued in ten 
volumes and it is published by the Review of Reviews 
Compaay of New York City. 

Frauds Trevelyan Miller is editor in chief of the work. 

The trustees of the Library and the officers of the Society 
desire to express their appreciation for these gifts and to 
thank the donors.