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General Eugene A. Carr, a retired officer of the U. S. 
Army, and a brother of Hon. Clark E. Carr, President 
of the Illinois State Historical Society, died, of asthma, 
at his home in Washington city, on the 2d day of Decem- 
ber, 1910. He was the victim, some time ago, of an 
automobile accident, from which he never fully recovered. 

General Carr was born in New York on March 20, 
1830, and graduated at the West Point Military Acad- 
emy in 1850, receiving at that time a commission of 
brevet second lieutenant. He was raised to the rank of 
first lieutenant in the First U. S. Cavalry, March 3, 1855, 
and to captain on June 11, 1858. Assigned to the Third 
Regiment of Illinois Cavalry Volunteers, as lieutenant- 
colonel, he saw his first service in the Civil War at the 
battle of Wilson Creek, August 10, 1861, where, "for 
gallant and meritorious service/ 9 he was promoted to 
colonel of that regiment. For "conspicuous bravery" at 
the battle of Pea Eidge, March 7, 1862, he was made a 
major in the regular army, and on May 17, 1863, he was 
brevetted colonel "for gallant and meritorious conduct" 
at the Black Eiver Bridge battle, in Mississippi. For 
similar service at the capture of Little Eock, Ark., he was 
brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, and on March 
13, 1865, attained the full rank of major-general. 

In the many other engagements of the Civil War in 
which General Carr participated he displayed the same 
cool courage and remarkable military skill. He received 
a medal of honor for his "distinguished gallantry" at the 


battle of Pea Eidge, in directing the deployment of his 
command (the Third Illinois Cavalry), and holding his 
ground under a terrific fire of shot and shell,' ' during 
which he was several times wounded. 

After the war closed, General Garr, as colonel of the 
Fourth U. S. Cavalry, experienced a great deal of hard 
service in the Indian campaigns of the Southwest. In 
1885-87, when stationed at St. Louis, he was very popular 
and prominent socially— as he was invariably at all sta- 
tions. He there aided in organizing the first command- 
ery of the I^oyal League of Missouri, and was its first 
commander. His son, Clark Carr, there married a 
daughter of Colonel Don Morrison, and was, later, a 
major in the Spanish- American War. 

Arriving at the age limit, General Carr was retired 
from active service on February 15, 1895, with the rank 
of brigadier-general, and from that time resided in Wash- 
ington city. Very few men who passed through the Civil 
War gained more enviable reputation for bravery, skill, 
and all the true soldierly qualities than General Carr. 
As commander of the Third Illinois Cavalry, he added 
credit and luster to the achievements of our volunteers 
in that terrible conflict. Of splendid stature and military 
bearing, General Carr was an ideal soldier. He was a 
fine speaker, and fluent and interesting in conversation. 
His superior attainments, genial social disposition, his 
noble character and courtly manners, compelled the ad- 
miration and sincere friendship of all with whom he 
came in contact. 


General Carr's death was followed on the next day by 
that of another distinguished soldier of the great Ameri- 
can conflict of 1861-65. On the 3d of December, 1910,