Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in the world by JSTOR. Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early- journal-content . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact email@example.com. FOUR ORIGINAL LETTERS, 1820-1830. Prom Original Letters Written to Mr. Pascal P. Enos, 1 and Presented to the Illinois State Historical Society by Miss Louise I. Enos, the Granddaughter of Mr. Enos. Senate Chamber, (Washington, D .C.) December 4, 1820. Dear Sir — In reply to your letter of the 28 Oct. I have to inform you that it is yet doubtful whether or not there will be a land office estab- lished in the Sangamon Country at the present session of Congress, and that there is no vacancy at the other point mentioned in your letter. The Missouri constitution has not yet been passed upon by Congress, and it is very uncertain what may be its fate. I have been laboring hard to clear the way preparatory to granting relief to the purchasers of public land under the old system and flatter myself that my efforts have in some measure been crowned with suc- cess. The Secretary of the Treasury very much to his own credit, and not a little to the interests of the purchasers to which I refer — pre- sented a report today by which he recommends the propriety of allow- ing the purchaser to retain so much of any tract as the money al- ready paid amounts to, and to abandon the residue — or to deduct 25 or 37 <fo per centum (as congress may order) upon payment being made by the 30 Sept. next or to pay for any tract in ten annual installments (without interest) provided payment be punctually made — at the option of the debtor — Interest in all cases to be released by the Govt. It re- i Pascal Paoli Enos, pioneer, was born at Windsor, Conn., in 1770; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1794, studied law, ana after spending some years in Vermont, where he served as High Sheriff of Wind- sor County, in September, 1815, removed west, stopping first at Cincinnati. A year later he descended the Ohio by flat-boat to Shawneetown, 111., crossed the State by land, finally locating at St. Charles, Mo., and later at St. Louis. Then, having purchased a tract of land, in Madison County, HI., he remained there about two years, when, in 1823, having received from President Monroe the appointment of Receiver of the newly established Land Office at Springfield, he removed thither, making it his permanent home. He was one of the original purchasers of the land on which the city of Springfield now stands, and joined with Maj. Elijah nes, John Taylor and Thomas Cox, the other patentees, in laying out the town, to which they first gave the name of Calhoun. Mr. Enos remained m office through the administration of President John Quincy Adams, but was removed by President Jackson for political reasons, in 1829. Died at Springfield, April, 1832. 493 494 mains yet to be determined whether Congress will adopt those recom- mendations so important to the people of the west. I am with much esteem dr. sir Your most obt. sert. Jesse B. Thomas. 2 Vandalia, 4th January, 1825. Dear Sir — You have doubtless learned the fate of our recent election of Judges. It has produced severe feelings here. It was the fact that there was so little combination among the representation from our Cir- cuit, that the members from the other circuits were trying to barter off all the candidates that stood in their way, and send them to our Circuit. Hence McBoberts 8 and others were run for our Circuit. I was run among the rest, but could not consent until the morning of the elec- tion owing to Mr. Matheny being a candidate. A message was sent by a member of the Convention to the anti party that if the latter would take me up they would run me to which it was expressly understood they had consented. And at 8 Oclock my election was looked at as one of the certain events of the day. The Convention party to a necessary extent did support me. But it seems that my name was not announced in time to make any concert. No party seems to have known perfectly the others sentiment. The Anti party seem to have been panic struck at the instant, at the prospects of Turney being elected, and under the impression that Sawyer was the strongest sup- ported him almost to a man on the first ballot although they did not like him. I believe that election has given as much satisfaction as any other. My old friends regret it perhaps on account of personal feelings and the friends to the system regret it, because they think that I would be more « Jesse Burgess Thomas, youngest son of Jesse and Sabina (Symes) Thomas, was bora in Hagerstown, Maryland, 1777, where the family had long resided, and was descended from Lord George Calvert, of the Irish peerage created in 1624, to whose son, Sir Cecil Calvert, Baron of Baltimore, the Maryland patent was issued by Charles the Second on June 20, 1632. Taken west in childhood, he grew to manhood and settled at Lawrenceburg, Indiana Territory in 1803; in 1805, was speaker of the Territorial Legisla- ture, and, later represented the Territory as Delegate in Congress. On the organization of Illinois Terri- tory (which he had favored) he removed to Kaskaskia, was appointed one of the first judges for the new Territory, and, in 1818, as delegate from St. Clair County, presided over the first State Constitutional Convention, and, on the admission of the State, became one of the first United States senators, Governor Edwards being his colleague. Though an avowed advocate of slavery, he gained no little prominence as the author of the celebrated "Missouri Compromise " adopted in 1820. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1823, serving until 1829. He subsequently removed to Mount Vernon, Ohio. Died May 4, 1853. 8 Samuel McRoberts, United States Senator, was born in that part of the Northwest Territory which afterwards became Monroe County. Illinois, February 20, 1799; graduated from Transylvania Uni- versity in 1819; in 1821, was elected the first circuit clerk of his native county, and, in 1825, appointed circuit judge which office he held for three years. In 1828, he was elected State Senator, representing the district comprising Monroe, Clinton and Washington counties. Later he was appointed United States District Attorney by President Jackson, but soon resigned to become Receiver oi Public Moneys at Danville, by appointment of President Van Buren, and, in 1839 solicitor of the General Land Office at Washington. Resigning the latter office in the fall of 1841, at the next session of the Illinois Legisla- ture he was elected United States Senator to succeed John M. Robinson, deceased. Died, at Cincin- nati, Ohio, March 22, 1843, being succeeded in the Senate by James Semple. 495 popular in the district than the person elected, and it would therefore aptly make the system more durable. But on my own account I would prefer the office for which I am now a Candidate, and to which I am Confident I will succeed if the law passes. I am & J. H. Pugh. 4 Greenville, Jany. 26, 1825. Paschal P. Enos, Esq.: Deab Sib — I have just passed the evening with Mr. Forquer, our new Secretary. I rejoice that he was elected & Hamilton rejected, although I confess my profession & wishes would have been and are in favor of Stars. 5 It was infamous to cast him aside after his nomination had been once confirmed & the authors of it deserve universal reprobation. One thing Mr. Forquer mentioned to me which I cannot help repeating, that if it had not been for Mr. Pugh's strenuous & unsparing exertions that the county seat of Sangamon would have been removed according to Hamilton's wishes. By the way when Pugh left Vandalia he was in- debted to Ankeny for his bill $60, and Ankeny threatened to sue him unless it was settled. Mr. Pugh came to me and rehearsed the circum- stances of the case, telling me that yourself & Taylor & some others had promised to see that his expenses were paid, and wished me to sign a note with him to Ankeny upon your responsibility. Knowing some- thing of the matter & being acquainted also with his efficiency in pro- moting your views I endorsed a note for that amount for him trusting to your interest & responsibility to secure me from loss — which I pre- sume you will do. Be so good as to write me by next mail upon the subject and inform me. I am very Eespectfully Yours & B. Mills. 6 « Jonathan H. Pugh, pioneer lawyer, born in Bath County, Kentucky, came to Bond County, Illinois, finally locating at Springfield in 1823, and being the second lawyer to establish himself in practice in that city. He served in the Third, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh General Assemblies, and was defeated for con- gress by Joseph Duncan (afterwards Governor) in 1831. Died in 1833. Mr. Pugh is described by hi» contemporaries as a man of brilliant parts, an able lawyer and a great wit. * Probably Henry Starr, a brilliant lawyer of Edwardsville. « Benjamm Mills, lawyer and early politician, was a native of western Massachusetts and described by his contemporaries as a highly educated and accomplished lawyer, as well as a brilliant orator. He emigrated to Illinois in 1819, and settled at Greenville, Bond County; wasprobate judge in Bond County in 1822. He, in conjunction with Alfred Cowles, prosecuted Palemon H. Winchester for the killing of Daniel D. Smith, in Edwardsville, in 1823. He was a member of the Legislature from JoDaviess County in the Eighth General Assembly, 1832-1834. At this session occurred the impeachment trial of Judge Theophilus W. Smith, of the Supreme Court, Mr. Mills acting as chairman of the Impeachment Commit- tee, and delivering a speech of great power and brilliancy. Hon. Cyrus Edwards declared that he never heard a more finished and scholarly or eloquent oration, and that it could not be surpassed. Brilliant passages from his address were quoted on the streets at Vandalia for a long time afterwards. In 1834 he was a candidate for congress from the Northern District, but was defeated by William L. May, (Democrat), as claimed by Mr. Mill's friends, unfairly. He early fell a victim to consumption and, returning to Massachusetts, died in Berkshire County, in that state, in 1841. Hon. R. H. McClellan, of Galena, says of him: " He was a man of remarkable ability, learning and eloquence, " while Governor Ford, in his "History of Illinois. " testified that, "by common consent of all his contemporaries, Mr. Mills was regarded as the most popular and brilliant lawyer of his day at the Galena bar. " 496 Vandalia 18, December 1830. Dear Friend — You will doubtless have learned by this time all about the senatorial election. Our friends made the discovery before Kanes did, that he could not be beaten. There were several members who wanted him beaten but could not vote against him, because they had said during the August contest that they would be for him. When this was discovered by our friends they went to work to make the best of a bad business, and therefore our friends became divided into at least three squads, for it was utterly impossible to reconcile the conflicting claims of the respective candidates for the vacancy. Many of the Kane men were too mad at Eobinson, Young, and Smith for their willingness to oppose Kane to be for any of them in any event, and therefore joined that portion of our friends who were for Col. Mather. Old party lines were most completely obliterated for the time being, and the word was "the longest pole knock down the percimens" and the election was con- ducted in the spirit of frolick, every body laughing at the confusion. Good has however resulted to the minority from the result for much has been done to destroy the baneful influence of the question in future elections. Great efforts have been made to secure a harmonious session of the Legislature. All parties seem to have met and grounded their arms used in former warfare in the Hall of legislation, and at present a political millenium exists at this place. Whether angry spirits will succeed in disturbing this calm remains (remains) yet to be seen. Among the causes of this political millenium may be classed a recom- mendation got up for Mr. Kinny to be Governor of Huron Territory. He has many friends in the Senate and house of Eepresentatives who were to be gratified, or appeased by the liberality of his opponents, his recommendation was therefore signed by everybody in the Legislature, and all the prominent men without regard to party out of it. After this was done Mr. K. acted very prudently and (left) this place yesterday for home. I expect to be home in a week and will then tell you all about every Yours & George Forquer. 7 The apportionment at present only allow Sangamon an increase of one member. I think it will be defeated. G. F. 497 J George Forquer, early State officer, was born near Brownsville, Pennsylvania, in 1794, was the son of a Revoluntionary soldier and older half-brother of Gov. Thomas Ford. He settled with his mother (then a widow) at New Design, Illinois, in 1804. After learning and for several years following the carpen- ter's trade at St. Louis, he returned to Illinois and purchased the tract whereon Waterloo now stands. Subsequently he projected the town of Bridgewater, on the Mississippi. For a time he was a partner in trade or Daniel P. Cook. Being unsuccessful in business, he took up the study of law, in which he attained marked success. In 1824, he was elected to represent Monroe County in the House of Representatives, but resigned in January of the following year to accept the position of Secretary of State to which he was appointed by Governor Coles, as successor to Morris Birkbeck, whom the Senate had refused to confirm. One ground for the friendship between him and Coles no doubt was the fact that they had been united In their opposition to the scheme to make Illinois a slave State. In 1828, he was a candidate for Congress, but was defeated by Joseph Duncan, afterward Governor. At the close of the year he resigned the office of Secretary of State, but, a few weeks later (January, 1829) he was elected by the Legislature, Attorney General. This position he held until January, 1833, when he resigned, having as it appears, at the previ- ous election, been chosen State Senator from Sangamon County, serving in the Eighth and Ninth Gen- eral Assemblies. Before the close of his term as Senator (1835) he received the appointment of Register of the Land Office at Springfield, which appears to have been the last office held by him. He died in Cincinnati in 1837. Mr. Forquer was a man of recognized ability and influence, an eloquent orator and capable writer. He resided in the small white house on the high ground opposite the State House, which was removed to make room for the new Supreme Court building. He married Ann Cranmer, the daughter of Dr. John Cranmer of Cincinnati. An elder daughter of Dr. Cranmer married James L. Lamb, of Kaskaskia, who was later a prominent merchant of Springfield. After the death of Mr. Forquer his widow married Antrim Campbell, a prominent lawyer of Spring- field, and she lived to an advanced age, and was well known to the older residents of Springfield.