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66 Book Reviews 

was born at the Lapwai Mission (now in Idaho) on November 15, 
1887. Alice Clarissa Whitman was born at the Waiilatpui Mission 
on March 4 of that same year, 1887, but she was accidentally drowned 
in the Walla Walla river on June 28, 1889. Mrs. Warren has passed 
her seventy-ninth birthday. Having lived all these years in the 
Pacific Northwest, she has probably witnessed more of the wonderful 
transformations from the old wilderness days than any other living 

As a little girl of ten she was at the Whitman Mission school 
at the time of the awful massacre of Doctor and Mrs. Whitman and 
twelve others by the Indians on November 29, 1847. She says she 
can still hear the sound of those blows and the cries of the stricken 

As the title indicates, her book is especially devoted to the work 
of her parents — Rev. and Mrs. H. H. Spalding of the Lapwai Mis- 
sion. But a book by such an author would be a precious document 
of human interest at any place at any time. 

There are nine chapters in the book with the following titles: 
"Foreword, The Miracle of the Nez Perces, Reminiscences of Eliza 
Spalding Warren, Letters from Friends, In Retrospect by Martha 
Jane Wigle, Diary of Mrs. H. H. Spalding, Letters from Mrs. H. H. 
Spalding, Letters from Henry Hart Spalding, Excerpts from Lec- 
tures of H. H. Spalding, Joseph Chief of the Nez Perces." 

There are a number of illustrations, including the Lapwai Mis- 
sion cabin, the grave of Rev. H. H. Spalding and portraits of the 
Spalding family. 

Collectors of Northwest Americana will be sure to want this 
book and about the only way to get it is by sending an order to the 
author, whose present address is given in the caption of this review. 

Edmond S, Meany. 

Third Party Movements Since the Civil War; With Speciai, 
Reference to Iowa. By Fred E. Haynes. (Iowa City, Iowa. The 
State Historical Society of Iowa, 1916. Pp. 564.) 

This volume is an addition to the widely known and very creditable 
work being done by the State Historical Society of Iowa under the 
very able direction of Prof. Benj. F. Shambaugh, and is a study in 
social politics. 

Beginning with the idea of working out the history of Third 
Parties in Iowa, Prof. Haynes found that his study of Iowa parties 
drew him into the broader national stream, so that he felt compelled 

Third Party Movements 67 

in the case of each party studied to sketch the field from the national 
point of view first, and we have as a result a very fine brief history 
of all the third parties since the Civil War in the United States, with 
the exception of the Prohibition and Socialist parties. The book is, 
therefore, of considerable value aside from its bearing on Iowa parties. 
In working out lines of demarkation, Mr. Haynes has excluded 
those third parties which seem to have no distinctly western or Ameri- 
can background and his book is, therefore, divided into five parts, each 
one dealing with a distinct movement, viz., the Liberal-Eepublican, the 
Farmers, the Greenback, the Populist and the Progressive. No one fa- 
miliar with these movements will need reminding what an important 
part Iowa has played in these new parties and the names of Larrabee, 
Weaver, DoUiver and Cummins at once suggest themselves. The 
notes and references are extensive and make an excellent bibliography. 
To say that the work is done under the direction of Editor Shambaugh 
is synonymous with saying it is exceedingly well done in every respect, 

Edward McMahon. 

French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778. By 
Edward S. Corwin, Ph.D., Professor of Politics, Princeton University. 
(Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1916. Pp. 430.) 

A careful, scholarly and detailed study of the relations existing 
between France and the American Colonies during the Revolutionary 
War in which the author defends the thesis that "France's interven- 
tion in the American Revolution was motived primarily by her desire 
to recover her lost pre-eminence on the Continent of Europe," and 
that it was not merely an "Episode in the British-French struggle for 
colonial domination in the Western Hemisphere." 

Jose de Galvez, Visitor-General of New Spain, 1765-1771. 
By Herbert Ingram Priestley. (Berkeley, University of California 
Press, 1916. Pp. 448. In paper cover, $2.75; cloth, $3.00.) 

Mr. Priestley is Assistant Curator of the Bancroft Library in 
the University of California. His book is Volume V of the Univer- 
sity of California's Publications in History, a series that is winning 
just praise for its scholarship and its excellent technique. 

The author in his preface declares that Jose de Galvez though 
relatively little known was certainly "the most competent Minister 
of the Indies during the Bourbon regime. It was largely due to his 
constructive statesmanship in that capacity that the material pros- 
perity of the American possessions, and hence of the mother country.