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Third Party Movements 67
in the case of each party studied to sketch the field from the national
point of view first, and we have as a result a very fine brief history
of all the third parties since the Civil War in the United States, with
the exception of the Prohibition and Socialist parties. The book is,
therefore, of considerable value aside from its bearing on Iowa parties.
In working out lines of demarkation, Mr. Haynes has excluded
those third parties which seem to have no distinctly western or Ameri-
can background and his book is, therefore, divided into five parts, each
one dealing with a distinct movement, viz., the Liberal-Republican, the
Farmers, the Greenback, the Populist and the Progressive. No one fa-
miliar with these movements will need reminding what an important
part Iowa has played in these new parties and the names of Larrabee,
Weaver, Dolliver and Cummins at once suggest themselves. The
notes and references are extensive and make an excellent bibliography.
To say that the work is done under the direction of Editor Shambaugh
is synonymous with saying it is exceedingly well done in every respect.
French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778. By
Edward S. Corwin, Ph.D., Professor of Politics, Princeton University.
(Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1916. Pp. 430.)
A careful, scholarly and detailed study of the relations existing
between France and the American Colonies during the Revolutionary
War in which the author defends the thesis that "France's interven-
tion in the American Revolution was motived primarily by her desire
to recover her lost pre-eminence on the Continent of Europe," and
that it was not merely an "Episode in the British-French struggle for
colonial domination in the Western Hemisphere."
Jose de Galvez, Visitor-General of New Spain, 1765-1771.
By Herbert Ingram Priestley. (Berkeley, University of California
Press, 1916. Pp. 448. In paper cover, $2.75; cloth, $3.00.)
Mr. Priestley is Assistant Curator of the Bancroft Library in
the University of California. His book is Volume V of the Univer-
sity of California's Publications in History, a series that is winning
just praise for its scholarship and its excellent technique.
The author in his preface declares that Jose de Galvez though
relatively little known was certainly "the most competent Minister
of the Indies during the Bourbon regime. It was largely due to his
constructive statesmanship in that capacity that the material pros-
perity of the American possessions, and hence of the mother country,