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[The aim of this department is to furnish outlines that will aid 
those who wish to study the subject carefully. It is expected that 
its greatest use will be as a guide for members of women's clubs, liter- 
ary societies, and classes in colleges or high schools. It will be a form 
of university extension without the theses and examinations necessary 
for the earning of credits toward a degree.] 

XX. Washington Since Statehood 

1. Period of Extravagance. 

a. Plunge after long wait for statehood, 1889. 

i. New institutions established. 

ii. Clamor of counties for favors. 

iii. Large appropriations. 

iv. Frequent deficiency appropriations. 

b. Large participation in World's Columbian Exposition, 
i. Valuable results. 

ii. Heavy expenditures. 

c. World-wide panic of 1898. 

d. Governor McGraw's vigorous retrenchments. 

e. Election of Fusion Party, 1896. 

2. Effect of the Klondike. 

a. Arrival of steamer Portland in Seattle, July 17, 1897. 

b. Sixty miners brought $800,000 in gold dust. 

c. One of greatest stampedes in history resulted. 

d. Hard times in Washington vanished in a day. 

e. Increasing business with Alaska. 

8. Spanish-American War. 

a. Washington's participation. 

b. Agitation to send more than one regiment. 

c. Interest awakened in the Orient. 

4. Alaska- Yukon-Pacific Exposition. 

a. Held in Seattle in 1909. 

b. Wonderful progress of the Northwest revealed. 

c. Permanent improvements saved by the State. 


Washington Since Statehood 33S 

5. Economic Development. 

a. Lumber. 

i. Extensive improvements in methods. 

ii Effects of the tariff changes. 

iii. Prospects of impetus from Panama Canal. 

b. Fish. 

i. Salmon canneries. 

ii. Cold storage shipments, 
iii. Hatcheries, 
iv. Protective laws. 

c. Mines. 

i. Coal. 

ii. Copper, 
iii. Silver and gold, 
iv. Building materials. 

d. Commerce. 

i. With Alaska. 

ii. Throughout Pacific countries, 
iii. Great stimulus from the European war. 
iv. Completion of Lake Washington canal. 

e. Shipbuilding. 

i. Remarkable increase in late years. 

f. Manufactures. 

g. Irrigation, 
h. Agriculture. 

6. Political Growth. 

a. Australian ballot. 

b. Direct primaries. 

c. Initiative and referendum. 

d. Recall. 

e. Woman suffrage. 

7. Social Improvements. 

a. Increase of churches. 

b. Efficiency of schools. 

i. Washington leads the nation. 

c. Small percentage of illiteracy. 

d. Fostering higher education. 

e. Art and literature. 

i. Small beginnings, 
ii. Rapid growth. 

834 Northwestern History Syllabus 

f. Charities being organized. 

g. Mothers' pensions. 

h. Workingmen's insurance, 
i. Prohibition. 

8. Federal Activity in the State. 

a. Extent. 

i. From postoffice to specialized bureaus, 
ii. Enormous aggregate of men and money used. 

b. New work added from year to year. 

c. Embodies significant change in government. 

Bibliography. — This last installment of the Northwestern His- 
tory Syllabus is the most difficult one for which to suggest a working 
bibliography. The time is recent and the materials for study are 
scattered. There is one big advantage, however, in the element of re- 
cent time. Many witnesses of, and participants in, the events are 
still living. Thy may be interviewed. The studies thus made will be 
constructive as well as interesting. 

Government Reports. — In most large libraries the Public Doc- 
uments of the Federal Government are available. There are also 
many Government Reports and pamphlets not always included in the 
larger series. When these refer to postoffices, light houses, life-saving 
stations, national forests, assay offices, Indian reservations and the 
many other forms of Federal activity in the State, it is obvious that 
some help may be obtained from them in this study. It is slow picking, 
-for in most cases the information is given by district or by project and 
Tarely is it given by States. 

Hines, Rev. H. K. — An Illustrated History of the State of 
"Washington, published by The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, 
1893. In this large book, Chapter XXXIX, pages 279-283, will be 
found to apply on this particular subject. The chapter is entitled: 
"Washington at the World's Fair," meaning the World's Columbian 

Living Participants. — Every community has some men and 
-women who have personal knowledge of the facts of recent State his- 
tory. Every fact obtained from them and recorded in these studies 
will have a value for the future workers in the field of State his- 

Bibliography 385 

Luhn, Adjutant William L. — Official History of the Opera- 
tions of the First Washington Infantry, U. S. V., in the Campaign 
in the Philippine Islands. There are 117 pages in this record. It 
appears as an addendum to Karl Irving Faust's "Campaigning in 
the Philippines," published by The Hicks-Judd Company, San Fran- 
cisco, 1899. The work is abundantly illustrated. Adjutant Luhn 
says that through the courtesy of Colonel John H. Wholley he was 
permitted to use the official records of the regiment in compiling the 

Meany, Edmond S. — Governors of Washington, published by the 
Printing Department, University of Washington, Seattle, 1915. This 
little book contains brief biographical sketches of all the governors 
from the beginning of the Territory to the present time. 

Meany, Edmond S. — History of the State of Washington. The 
last chapters of this book deal with the theme of this syllabus. There 
is probably no other place where there can be found a study of the 
Federal activity in the State of Washington. 

Newspapers. — Files of newspapers published in this State are 
saved in most cases and when available for the time covered will be 
found most useful in such a study.