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[The aim of this department is to furnish outlines that will aid those 
who wish to study the subject systematically. It is expected that its 
greatest use will be as a guide for members of women's clubs, literary 
societies, and classes in college or high schools. It will be a form of 
university extension without the theses and examinations necessary for the 
earning of credits toward a degree.] 

XVI. First Territorial Legislature of Washington 

The First Council (Senate). 

a. Members, (nine) : 

D. F. Bradford and William H. Tappan of Clarke County. 
Seth Catlin and Henry Miles of Lewis and Pacific Counties. 
D. R. Bigelow and B. F. Yantis of Thurston County. 
Fafayette Balch and G. N. McConaha of Pierce and King 

William P. Sayward of Jefferson and Island Counties. 

b. Officers of the Council: — 
President, G. N. McConaha. 

Chief Clerk, Elwood Evans. 
Assistant Clerk, U. E. Hicks. 
Sergeant-at-arms, J. L. Mitchell. 
Door-keeper, William B. Plumb. 

The First House of Representatives 
a. Members, (eighteen) : 

Andrew J. Bolon, John D. Biles, F. A. Chenoweth, Henry 

R. Crosbie, A. Lee Lewis for Clarke County. 
Samuel D. Howe for Island County. 
Daniel F. Brownfield for Jefferson County. 
Arthur A. Denny for King County. 
H. D. Hamilton and John R. Jackson for Lewis County. 
Jehu Scudder for Pacific County. 
John M. Chapman, Henry C. Moseley, L. F. Thompson for 

Pierce County. 
Leonard D. Durgin, Calvin H. Hale, David Shelton, and Ira 

Ward for Thurston County. 


Northwestern History Syllabus 287 

b. Officers of the House. 

Speaker, Francis A. Chenoweth. 
Chief clerk, Benjamin F. Kendall. 
Assistant clerk, D. L. Phillips. 
Sergeant-at-arms, E. W. Austin. 
Door-keeper, James H. Roundtree. 

Place of meeting, Olympia. 
a. Rude halls for the meetings. 

First Territorial Officers. 

a. Appointed by the President: — 

Governor, Isaac I. Stevens. 
Secretary, Charles H. Mason. 
United States Marshal, J. Patton Anderson. 
United States District Attorney, John S. Clendenin. 
Judges of the United States District Court, Edward Lander, 
Victor Monroe, O. B. McFadden. 

b. Elected by the people. 

Delegate to Congress, Columbia Lancaster. 


a. Code Commission of three judges. 

b. Common school system established. 

c. Oregon laws re-enacted. 

d. Woman suffrage defeated. 

e. Prohibition defeated. 

f. Annexation of Sandwich Islands favored. 

g. Adoption of Territorial Seal. 

Message of the Governor. 

a. Able state paper. 

b. Date of delivery Feb. 28, 1854. 

c. Advice followed. 

d. Prophecy of Territory's greatness. 

Legislative Journals. 

a. Carefully kept. 

b. Reveal hopes as well as accomplishments. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Some of the books cited below are prime sources. 
They are not common but where at all available they will be found in- 

288 Northwestern History Syllabus 

spiring. Reference is here made to the journals and laws of the legislature. 
Among the other books cited will be found a few that are easily acces- 
sible in most of the libraries of the Northwest. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. Works of, Volume XXXI. (History 
of Washington, Idaho and Montana). Chapter III deals with the first 
government of the Territory. 

Meany, Edmond S. History of the State of Washington. Chapter 
XVII will be found applicable to this study. It deals with the organization 
of Washington Territory. 

Seattle Post-Intelligencer. The issue of March 5, 1899, 
has an article about D. F. Brownfield, who was at that time one of the 
few survivors of the first session of the Legislature. 

Stevens, General Hazard. Life of Isaac I. Stevens, Volume 
I, Chapter XXII. Here will be found a record of the first Legislature 
by the son of the first Governor. 

Tacoma Daily Ledger. The issue of September 20, 1908, has 
an interesting article about General James C. Strong, the last known sur- 
vivor of the first Legislature. 

Washington, Territory of. Session Laws of 1 854 and Journals of 
Council and House of Representatives for 1 854. These are prime sources 
and, when available, should be studied. 

Western Trail. This magazine was published for a short time 
in Seattle. Sets of it are probably very rare. The number for January, 
1900, had an artitle entitled "First Legislature of the Territory of Wash- 
ington." Here are found facts and figures as well as some of the human 
interest of that important assembly.