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188 



Foreign Intelligence. 



Comparing the losses in different branches for the two years 1849 and 
1850, with the premiums received for those years, it appears that on the 
marine risks the average losses were 55*7 per cent, of the premiums; on 
the inland navigation and transportation risks the losses were 57*22 per 
cent, of the premiums; and on the fire risks 54*76 per cent, of the pre- 
miums received. For the year ending 4th October, 1848, a dividend of 
40 per cent, on the earned premiums of the year was declared, for which 
scrip was issued, and also a dividend of 6 per cent, in cash, payable on and 
after the 1st November, on the scrip heretofore issued. 

In that year, also, the whole amount of certificates of profits autho- 
rized to be issued in 1842-3-4, and reduced in 1845 (amounting to 
£25,772.), was paid off; and the holders also received a certificate that 
they would be entitled to a share of whatever sum may hereafter be re- 
funded to the Company by the Government for duties levied upon goods 
consumed by the fire in Broad Street in July 1845. 

In 1849 the dividend was 36 per cent, on the earned premiums of the 
year ending 4th October, 1849, and 6 per cent, in cash on the scrip here- 
tofore issued; and the certificates of profit for 1846 were paid off. 

In 1850 a dividend of 27 per cent, on the earned premiums of the 
year ending October 4th was declared, and 6 per cent, in cash for interest 
on the scrip heretofore issued. After reserving £200,000, the trustees 
also resolved to redeem the certificates of profit issued for the year 1847, 
and 50 per cent, of those for 1848. 



New York.- 



-Statement of the Accounts of the Atlantic Mutual Insurance 
Company for 3 Years, 1848, 1849, and 1850. 



Premiums received on Marine 

Risks in the year 

Premiums onPolicies not marked 

Total amount of Marine Premiums 

Premiums marked off from 1st ) 
January to 31st December . . J 
Losses paid during the same period 
Returns of Premiums & Expenses 


1848. 


1849. 


1850. 


£ 


£ 
282,540 

83,728 


£ 


£ 

396,462 

95,552 


£ 


£ 
551,096 

141,472 


492,014 


692,568 


366,268 


144,877 
37,830 


270,718 


192,049 
44,677 


350,552 


260,878 
62,571 


460,008 


182,707 


236,726 


323,449 


Assets. 
United States Stocks, State Stocks, New 1 ) 
York City Bank Stock, Loans on State V 
and other Stocks J 


142,383 
48,120 

12,283 

158,342 

3,400 

13,367 




189,729 
53,980 

12,527 

229,232 
8,920 




213,777 
55,880 

22,999 

352,980 
13,880 


Bonds and Mortgages 


Dividends on Stocks, Interest on Bonds,] 
and Mortgages and other Loans, Sundry f 
Notes, Reinsurance, and other Claims { 
due to the Company, estimated ) 

Premium Notes 












377,895 


494,388 


659,516 





Foreign Intelligence. 189 

On the average of the three years, the losses paid during each year 
amounted to about 48 '6 per cent, on the premiums received in the year, 
and the expenses and returns to about 11 '8 per cent, on the premiums. 

In 1849 the Trustees resolved to pay an interest of 6 per cent, on the 
outstanding certificates of profits; and that the remaining 25 per cent, of 
the certificates of profits issued in 1845, and the whole of those issued in 
1846, be redeemed, and paid to the holders thereof, or their representatives, 
on the 6th February in that year. 

The Board declared a dividend of 36 per cent, on the net earned pre- 
miums of the Company for the year 1848. 

In 1850 the same rate of interest was paid on the outstanding certi- 
ficates of profits; and the Trustees, after reserving 1,000,000 dollars of 
profits (£200,000), resolved that the whole of the certificates of profits 
issued in 1847, and 85 per cent, of those issued in 1848, should be 
redeemed. 

The Board also declared a dividend of 34 per cent, on the net earned 
premiums of the Company for the year 1849. 

In 1851 interest at the rate of 6 per cent, was again paid on the out- 
standing certificates of profit; and the Trustees resolved that, after reserv- 
ing £200,000, the outstanding certificates issued in 1848 and 1849, and 
60 per cent, of those issued in 1850, should be redeemed. 

The Board also declared a dividend of 40 per cent, of the net earned 
premiums of the Company for the year 1850. 

The profits of the Company, ascertained from 1st July, 1842, to 1st 
January, 1848, for which certificates were issued — 

£ 

Amounted to 245,186 

Additional for 1848 86,364 

„ for 1849 104,773 

„ for 1850 162,131 

£598,454 

Total certificates of 1844-5-6-7, and 85 per ) „„► 101 

cent, of 1848, paid off \ Jda > lyl 

£363,263 



Germany. — Present position of 16 Proprietary and 23 Mutual Assur- 
ance German Companies. 

The accounts in each case are brought down to the 1st January, 1851, 
with two exceptions, — the Leipsic Company is to the 1st June, 1851, 
and the Hamburg Patriotic Company to the 1st March, 1851. 



190 



Foreign Intelligence. 



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192 



Foreign Intelligence. 



Statement of the Dividends per cent, paid by the Mutual Fire Insurance 

Companies. 





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31 






1831 


80 


33 


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62 


50 


39 


1822 


64 










1832 


45 


35 




1842 




45 




1823 


18 










1833 


21 


40 


52 


1843 


50 


56 


»k 


1824 


28 










1834 


50 


36 


52 


1844 


53 


60 


24 


1825 


35 










1835 


53 




40 


1845 


62 


70 


20 


1826 


28 










1836 


48 




6| 


1846 


65 


60 


14 


1827 


35 










1837 


64 


52 


40 


1847 


50 


55 


29 


1828 


60 


53 






1838 


66 


42 


47 


1848 


48 


45 


21 


1829 


23 


68 






1839 


50 


60 


40 


1849 


54 


45 


33J 


1830 


57 


10 






1840 


63 


35 


35 


1850 


70 


50 


331 


Total 


1433 


999 


577J 


Deduct 4 per cent, interest for payment in advance . . 


57J 


40 


23 


Remain .... 


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959 


554J 


Deduct repayments, 1832 .... 






75 


1842.... 


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959 


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Remarks on the preceding Statements. — The total sums given as the 
guarantee of the Proprietary Companies consist of the Company's capital, 
the existing reserve, the receipts of annual premiums, and the interest. 
Both the first are actually in hand, and the last two are reproduced every 
year. These items are not in all the accounts. In the greater part of 
Companies, for instance, only the totals of the premium receipts are given, 
including the premiums prepaid for future years, and which are again 
included in the reserve. Only the Companies 1, 4, and 16, are excepted 
from this rule. 

In the 16 Proprietary Companies, the total amount insured on sea, 
river freight, and life risks was £7,084,414; and deducting this from the 
total sums insured, will leave £233,585,910 for the amount of property 
insured against fire. The total premium on £3,286,931 insured on river 
risks was £4,363, or -133 (2s. 8rf.) per cent.; and on £3,661,981 sea 
risks, £61,766, or an average of 1*687 (£1. 13s. 9rf.) per cent. Deduct- 
ing these premiums from the total given above, we shall find the pre- 
miums for fire insurance £517,749, being an average of *221 (4s. 5d.) 
per cent. This summaiy presents a very striking contrast with the rate of 
premium in France, as shown, in p. 300 of our first volume, to be on an 
average only Is. 9c?. per cent. The reserve funds also in the German 
Companies amount to £744,219, to cover the above amount of insurance; 
whilst in the French, the total reserve fund was about £381,364 in 1850, 
to cover nearly £969,000,000. It should be remembered, however, that 
the average premium in France is little more than two-thirds of the above, 
and would not allow of so large a reserve being accumulated. The total 



Foreign Intelligence. 



193 



amount insured against fire in 23 of the principal Mutual German Com- 
panies was £96,741,833 about the beginning of 1851; and the total of 
this branch of business therefore considerably exceeded £330,000,000 
sterling — a very gratifying proof of the value of these useful institutions, 
and of the progress they have made. 

Some of the Companies have their capital not yet fully paid up. As, 
for instance, — 



The Madgeburger only 
„ Schlesische „ 
„ Stettiner ,, 



£ £ 

136,000 of 142,857 
272,429 „ 285,714 
300,000 „ 428,571 



Other Companies have had their share capital diminished by losses, thus 
the 

£ £ 

Borussia was only 249,937 of 285,714 

Hamburg See und Feuer V. Ges. . . 52,500 „ 60,000 
Hamburger Patriotischen F. V. G. . 97,500 „ 120,000 

Several Companies carry on different kinds of assurance with one and the 
same capital, as may be seen by reference to the preceding accounts. 

Amongst the younger Companies, as well as amongst some of the 
older, it would be no more than prudence would require if endeavours were 
made to augment the capital. One of the strongest reasons for this conclu- 
sion is the acceptance of such heavy risks, that they exceed three or four 
times the proper average which they could afford. The consequence is 
that reassurance, which affords the best means of covering such chances, 
has come into general use. Some of the younger Companies protect them- 
selves by it to a very great extent. The reassurance premiums of the 
Madgeburger exceed a fifth part, and of the Schlesische more than a third 
part, of all their premiums. 

The value of the shares in the different Companies, about the latter part 
of last October, will be seen by the following statement: — 



Nominal 
Amount. 


Paid up. 


£ s. 


£ s. 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


143 


29 


37 10 


37 10 


57 


14 


225 


45 


300 


60 


600 


195 


42 


42 


83 


17 



Value. 



Remarks. 



Aachener und Munchener Ges, 

Berlinische 

Borussia 

Colonia 

Elberfelder Ges 

Magdeburger 

Schlesische 

Leipziger 

Hamburger Ges. von 1843 .. . 

Stettiner Ges 

Hamburger Neue 5 16 Ges. . . . 
Hamburger See und Feuer V. G. 
Hamburger Patriotische Ges. . 

Bayrische Bank 

Deutscher Phb'nix 



£ 
140 
54 
13 
114 
40 
61 














29 
50 
37 17 
19 
35 12 6 
9 15 
112 10 
57 
24 



Berlin Exchange. 
Cologne do., Bills. 

„ Cash. 

„ Bills. 

„ Cash. 

Auction in Hamburg. 
Berlin Exch. Bills. 
Auction in Hamburg. 



Frankfort Exch. Bills. 
,, Cash.