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NO. 21. 


PROBABLY there is no bird that flies which is so iamiliar 
to the boys of this territory as the pigeon. It has its 
place on nearly every farm, and in the city barns which belong 
to men who have boys, a place 
must generally be reserved for 
this favorite bird. 

There are many different 
kinds of pigeous. Our engrav- 
ing is of the kind called the 
Pouter or Cropper, which is 
able to expand its crop to an 
extraordinary degree, so that 
the head appears to be fasten- 
ed to the top of an inflated 

By far the most interesting 
of this class of birds is the 
Passenger or common wild pig- 
eon. Its powers of flight are 
really remarkable. The aver- 
age speed at which it travels 
is estimated to be one mile in 
a minute, and its powers of 
endurance are such that it can 
continue to travel at this rate 
for many hours together. These 
birds are generally seen in large 
flocks, and when they alight 
in a grain field they destroy 
and devour a great quantity of 

Audubon, the naturalist, in 
speaking of the migrations of 
these feathered creatures says 

"In passing over the Bar- 
rens a few miles beyond Hard- 
insburg, Ky., I observed the 
pigeons flying from north-east 
to south-west, in greater num- 
bers than I thought I had ever 
seen them before; and feeling 
an inclination to count the flocks 
that might pass within the 

reach of my eye in one hour, I dismounted, seated myself on 
an eminence, and began to mark with my pencil, making a 
dot for every flock that passed. In a short time finding the 

task which I had undertaken 
impracticable, as the birds 
poured in in countless multi- 
tudes, I rose and counting the 
dots then put down, found that 
one hundred and sixty-three 
had been made in twenty-one 
minutes. I traveled on, and 
still met more the further I 
proceeded. The air was liter- 
ally filled with pigeons ; the 
light of noon-day was obscured 
as by an eclipse." 

In this country these birds 
are not so numerous as they 
are in some of the eastern 
states, where they feed mostly 
on acorns, beech-nuts and the 
smaller fruits of the forest 

There are many persons in 
England, and some few in this 
country, who rear pigeons as a 
means of obtaining a living. 
In the city of London, on al- 
most any day, the pigeon fan- 
ciers may be seen with their 
cartloads ol birds, and some of 
the rare varieties which they 
possess command a very high 
price. The practice which is 
somewhat common here of 
raising pigeons for shooting 
matches should not be encour- 
aged. It is contrary to the 
aw of humanity and the will 
of God. lie who created 
man also gave life unto the 
birds, and we have no right to 
cruelly deprive them of it. 






BY J. H. W. 

THE living or written testimony of those who have been 
actively engaged in the great latter-day work will ever 
have a weight far superior to any given by inimical or disin- 
terested parties. Still, the descriptions given and the histori- 
cal facts and incidents related by such persons are often highly 
interesting as furnishing glimpses of scenes and facts unnien- 
tioned by more prominent actors. For example, the discourse 
delivered by Thomas L. Kane before the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, throws a flood of light upon the manners and 
customs of the Latter-day Saints and the scenes attending 
their expulsion from Nauvoo, which no history of the Church 
has exceeded ; and this is all the more valuable as it corrobo- 
rates many of the statements made by the Saints. So in like 
manner there are many references made by secular writers 
which throw light on New Testament history, and by this 
light we see a new beauty and force in the language of the 
inspired writers. 

No man of sense will for a moment hesitate to acknowledge 
the superiority of the narratives written by Matthew, Mark, 
Luke and John, to any merely human composition. The 
biographies of the Savior, written by Fleetwood and others 
bear no comparison to the simple, yet sublime records of the 
evangelists. But it does not militate against the authority of 
the scriptures to read a description of the personal appearance 
of the Savior as described by Marcus, a Roman lawyer who 
resided at. Jerusalem, and still preserved in the works of 

"Jesusof Nazareth, sometimes called the Galileean, was a most 
remarkable person. In stature He was above the medium 
hight, straight and tall. His complexion was fair: His hair was 
of a brown color, and fell in heavy curls upon His shoulders. 
His eyes were blue, and possessed such a penetrating power that 
no man could meet His gaze. His beard was of a deep wine 
color, fine and full: it is said that He was never shaved. His 
countenance was majestic, calm and serene, bearing the impress 
of wisdom, justice and love." 

Again we have the testimony of Josephus, the celebrated 
Jewish historian who flourished between the thirty-seventh 
and ninty-eighth year of the Christian era. He was a Jewish 
priest and had no connection with the early saints; yet in the 
History of the Antiquities of the Jews, Book IS, he declares: 

"Now there was about this time, JeBUS, a wise man, if it be 
lawful to call Him a man, fur He was a doer of wonderful works, 
a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. Ho 
drew over to Him, both many of the Jews, and many of the 
Qentiles. Be was the Christ. And when Pilate, at thi 
tion of the principle men amongst us, had condemned Him to 
the cross, those that loved Uirn at the first, did not forsake Him 
for He appeared to them alive the third day : as the divine pro- 
phets had foretol i tl). rn] ten thousand other wonderful tilings 

concerning Him. And the tribe of Christians, so named from 
Him are not extinct at this day." 

In the time of Christ, Palestine was. in the very center of 
the then known world. To the north and north-east lay the 
decaying remnantsof the Medo-Pereian and still more ancient 
Babylonian and Assyrian empires : on the east were the power- 
ful tribes of Arabia, who, fearle" of any foreign power, had 
built their capital in the rugged defiles of Arabia-Petrea, the 

magnificent ruins of which astonish travelers of the present 

On the south lay Egypt reposing in gloomy grandeur and 
already boasting a hoary antiquity ; yet even this ancient civili- 
zation was to a great extent indebted to the founders of the 
Jewish commonwealth. On the west lay the classic countries 
of Greece and Italy. 

As is well known, after the Babylonish captivity, the Jews 
were very widely scattered. Comparatively few of them 
availed themselves of the permission granted by Cyrus, to 
return to Palestine. The majority remained in Babylonia or 
wandered into other lands. In Alexandria, for example, at 
the time of Christ, fully one half the inhabitants were Jews 
who by trading had become rich and powerful. At that time 
the coasts of Arabia and even India were visited by Jewish 
merchants. In Asia Minor and Greece there was scarcely a 
town without its Jewish synagogue. In Rome the Jews pos- 
sessed the greater part of the T rastevere or right bank of the 
Tiber. From the time of Julius Cfesar they were allowed to 
build synagogues and granted many other privileges. All 
these Jews who lived outside of Palestine and formed a major- 
ity of the whole nation were commonly called the Dispersion. 
It was this class of persons to which the Jews referred, when 
in speaking of Christ, they said, "Will He go unto the dis- 
persed among the Gentiles and teach the Gentiles?" {John vii. 
25.) Yet these Jews still considered Jerusalem as their cen- 
ter, regarded the Sanhedrim (or high council) as their highest 
church court, sent yearly gifts of money and sacrifices to the 
temple, and visited it from time to time at the great festi- 

It is easy to see how this state of things aided the spread 
of the gospel. The feasts of the Passover and of Pentecost 
brought many of these dispersed Jews from the neighboring 
countries to Jerusalem. Thus thousands, who were not resi- 
dents of Palestine, had an opportunity at these yearly feasts 
to become acquainted with the teachings and miracles of 
Jesus. It was also at the time of the great feast of the Pass_ 
over, that the crucifixion took place. Fifty days later wa s 
the feast of Pentecost at which time occurred those wonderful 
events recorded in the second chapter of Acts. Thus, we 
perceive, how it was that people from many nations had 
gathered together; and how important the gift of tongues 
whereby each could hear in his own language the wonderful 
works of God. (See Acts ii. 5, 9-11.) 

These men on their return carried the news of Christianity 
to their homes. Then again the apostles in their missionary 
travels found synagogues in all the principal towns and cities; 
likewise, devout persons who were looking forward to the 
advent of the Messiah and the redemption of Israel. Of 
the<c might be mentioned Dorcas, and Cornelius, (Acts ix., 10.) 
Lydia (Acts xri. 14.), Aquilla and Priscilla, (Acts xriii.), 
Eunice and Lois, the mother and grandmother of Timothy, 
and many others. 

Every synagogue was, as it were, a missionary station in 
readiness for them with friends and inquirers already there to 
welcome them. The influence of the Jews had helped also to 
undermine heathenism and thus to prepare the ground for 
Christianity. So much was this the case that the Roman 
philosopher, Seneca, in speaking of the Jews, says, "The con- 
quered have given laws to the conquerors." Josephus, in his 
Antiquities, Book IS, says, "Many of the Jews held high 
offices, and lived at the courts of princes. Even the empress 
l'oppea, wife of Nero was a proselyte to Judaism." In his 
autobiography, he relates that, when in Rome he made the 



acquaintance of this empress through a Jewish favorite of 
Nero, and at once received from her the release of some 
imprisoned Jewish priests together with large presents. 
Through her influence also was due much of that bitterness 
which characterized the persecutions of the saints in the reign 
of Nero. 

Juvenal, a Latin poet, ridicules the prevalence of Jewish 
customs ; also many of the Greeks, following the teachings of 
Socrates, believed in the existence of an "unknown God. " It 
is in the very nature of man to believe in something. When 
the absurdities of heathenism became apparent, men fell into 
other superstitions. More and more was felt the want of a 
true religion. Even the Samaritans who were so carried away 
by the sorceries of Simon Magus, as to call him "the great 
power of God," readily received the preaching of the gospel. 
[Acts viii. 5.) So also Sergius Paulus, who, dissatisfied with 
heathenism, had with him the Jewish sorcerer and false pro- 
phet Ely mas, was won to the Christian faith by the preaching 
of Paul (Acts x,iii. 6-11). Indeed the best feature of that 
age was a strong religious yearning. Expectations of a com- 
ing Messiah, in various forms and degrees of clearness, were 
at that time, by the political collision of the nations and by 
their intellectual and religious contact, spread over all the 
nations; and. like the first red streaks upon the horizon, 
announced the approach of day. The Persians were looking 
for their Sosiosch, who should conquer Ahriman and his king- 
dom of darkness. The Chinese sage, Confucius, pointed his 
disciples to a Holy One who should appear in the west. The 
wise men who came to worship the new-born king of the 
Jews, we must look upon as representatives of the Messianic 
hopes of oriental heathens. 

The western nations, on the contrary, looked toward the 
east for the dawn of a better day. . The Roman historians, 
Suetonius and Tacitus, both speak of a current saying in the 
Roman empire, that in the east, and more particularly in 
Judea, a new universal empire would soon be founded. 

Thus in a time, the like of which history before or since 
has never seen, appeared the Savior of men. Amid the dying 
and decaying forms of ancient society, while those things that 
had been the objects of man's enthusiastic love were withering 
away, Christ came that through Him humanity should receive 
a new, youthful life. 

Impenitent Judaism, it is true, still wanders, ghostlike 
through all ages and countries : but only as an incontrover- 
tible living witness of the divinity of the Christian religion. 

The Jews who were scattered through the various countries 
of the east came in contact with the manners and customs of 
those various countries, and this had a tendency to break down 
Jewish exclusiveness and prepare the minds of many for 
broader and more liberal views. Hence we find that several 
of the most useful men of the apostolic church, such as 
Stephen, the martyr, Philip, the deacon, Paul and Barnabas 
were of this class. Barnabas was, indeed, one of the most 
remarkable men of the age in which he lived. He was born 
in the island of Cyprus, but removed to Jerusalem where he 
became one of the active members of the apostolic church. 

After the marytrdom of Stephen and in consequence of the 
persecution which followed, some of the disciples were scattered 
as far as Antioch, whither Barnabas was sent to organize a 
church, and here the disciples first received the name of Chris- 
tians. (Acts xi. 26.) It was Barnabas who first introduced 
Paul to the rest of the apostles and removed the mistrust 
which was felt towards him. Afterwards, when Paul was 
living a retired life in his native city of Tarsus, Barnabas 

sought him out and brought him to Antioch. To win over 
this great reticent and susceptible soul, to labor with him and 
even to take a subordinate place under him, indicate both 
wisdom and humanity ; and this is what Barnabas did for 

Saul, afterwards Latinized into Paul, was born at Tarsus 
in Cilicia, in the tenth or twelfth year of our era. Paul's 
father early intended that he should become a religious teacher, 
but, according to the customs of that age, taught him a trade 
also, by which he afterwards supported himself without becom- 
ing a burden to the church. He came to Jerusalem at an 
early age and entered the school of Gamaliel the elder. This 
Gamaliel was one of the most learned men in Jerusalem and 
the youthful Paul soon became a leader in society. This is 
evident from the position he held at the death of Stephen. 
Paul was short in stature, somewhat stooping and at the mid- 
dle age his hair was thin, inclining to baldness. His counte- 
nance was pale and half hidden by a dark beard. His nose was 
aquiline, his eyes piercing and his eyebrows heavy. It is said 
that he possessed one of those strange visages which though 
plain, yet, when lighted up by emotion, assumes a deep bril- 
liancy and grandeur. Paul was a man of great politeness and 
exquisite manners. His letters show that he was a man of 
rare intelligence, who formed for his lofty sentiments, expres- 
sions of great beauty. No correspondence exhibits more care, 
ful attention, finer shades of meaning or more amiable 
pleasantries. What animation ! What a wealth of charm- 
ing sayings ! What simplicity ! It is easy to see that his 
character is that of a polite, earnest and affectionate man. 

Simon, or Peter, as he was afterwards called, was the son of 
the fisherman Jonas. He resided at Capernaum on the shore 
of the sea of Galilee where he followed his father's occupa- 
tion. His brother, Andrew, who had been a disciple of John 
the Baptist, first brought him to Jesus by whom he was called 
to be a fisher of men. He was one of the witnesses of the 
transfiguration on Mount Tabor, and the agony of the Savior 
in the garden of Gethsemane. He was evidently the leader 
of the ancient apostles. In the four places where a list of th e 
twelve is given, he is invariably placed at the beginning ; and 
in many other places he is mentioned as the leading speaker. 
In Peter's character we have a remarkable combination of 
great natural talents and virtues, with peculiar weaknesses. 
This apostle was distinguished from the other eleven, by an 
ardent, impulsive, sanguine temperament and an open, shrewd, 
practical nature. He was always ready to speak out his mind, 
to resolve and to act. His excitable, impulsive disposition lead 
him sometimes to over-estimate his powers, to trust too much 
to himself, and, in the hour of danger, to yield to opposite 
impressions. Thus we find that in spite of his usual firmness 
and joy in confessing his faith, he actually denied the Savior 
when arraigned in the palace of Caiphas. In learning he was 
inferior to Paul, and in loving character to John; but he pos- 
sessed in an eminent degree the gift of inspiration which 
enabled him to act with promptness and decision. 

The apostle and evangelist John was the son of Zebedee, 
and brother of the elder James. His mother was one of the 
women who supported Jesus with her property, and brought 
spices to embalm Him. John himself owned a house in 
Jerusalem, into which he received the mother of the Savior 
after the crucifixion. He was the only one of the apostles 
who was present at the cross and to him Jesus committed the 
care of His mother. (John xix. 26, 27). Nicephorus states 
that Mary continued to live with John until her death, which 
occurred about fourteen years after the crucifixion. After 


=^_ HON BOABflL 

— — 



J-TJ^7"3±3lsrinL.E] IITSTRTJCTOB. 

this John went to preside over the church at Ephesus. Here 
he wrote the gospel and epistle that bear his name. In the 
reign of Doiuitian about the year 84, he was called to Rome 
where he was condemned to be put to death by being thrust 
into a caldron of boiling oil. From this he miraculously 
escaped even as the three Hebrews who were cast into the 
fiery furnace. Afterwards he was banished to the solitary, 
rocky island, Patmos, where he received that wonderful pro- 
phetic history of the conflicts and conquests of the church, 
which is called the Apocalypse, or Revelation. In the open- 
ing chapter he says, "I, John, who also am your brother and 
companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of 
Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the 
word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ." When 
Peter asked the manner of John's death, the Savior replied, 
"If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? 
Then went this saying abroad among the brethren that that 
disciple should not die." 

Peter, James and John, were the chosen among the chosen, 
upon whom the Savior bestowed special favor. Peter was a 
man of great energy, fitted to be a leader in the church and 
in society. John possessed a deep, affectionate nature which 
made him the dearest of the Savior's three chosen friends. 

Of James we know very little. He seems to have been of 
a quiet, earnest, meditative turn. He presided over the 
church at Jerusalem until the year forty-four of our era, when 
he sealed his testimony with his blood, being the first of that 
glorious band of apostolic martyrs. 

Such were the chief actors in New Testament times. The 
great facts of their lives are corroborated both by Jewish and 
heathen writers and admitted to be true by the most eminent 
of modern infidels, such as Volney, Straus, and Renan. 
Christianity did not take its rise in an obscure corner of the 
earth. On the other hand, from the very first it attracted the 
attention of the good, the wise and the learned, and aroused 
the opposition of the wicked, though they were powerful kings 
and potentates of the earth. Yet in spite of all, it has won 
its way, both in ancient times and at the present day among 
the honest in heart by the simplicity, grandeur and harmony 
of its truths. 

We must, therefore, accept the New Testament as a whole. 
We cannot accept the writings of one, and say they are true, and 
reject the writings of another, teaching the same doctrine, 
and say it is false. Neither can we accept the gospel and 
reject the epistles, for there is not a doctrine of the gospel 
which is not taught in the very first of them, the gospel by 

He who writes forgeries must needs be well posted in the 
matter of names, dates and places or else he will contradict 
some well-known facts and so expose his forgery to the world. 
Men who write falsehoods do not write as follows: "Now in 
the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Cresar, Pontius 
Pilate being governor of Judca, and Herod being tetrarch of 
Galilee and his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and of the 
region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 
Annas and Caiphas being high priests, the word of God came 
unto John the son of Zaeharias in the wilderness." Here in 
one sentence are twenty historical, geographical, political and 
family refereoces, every one of which can be proven true by 
the statements of contemporaneous secular writers. Infidels 
have utterly failed in their attempts to disprove one of the 
hundreds of such statements in the Xew Testament. 


He that sips of many arts drinks of none. 


I HAD a visit a short time since from "Jaquce," another 
old friend to the juveniles, he having accompanied the 
emigrating Saints from Switzerland and Germany as far as 
Liverpool and concluded to spend a few days in my company 
before returning to his labors in those lands. Together we 
enjoyed a pleasant ramble one day along the line of docks, to 
view the shipping which is here to be seen to excellent advant- 
age. The Liverpool docks are very extensive, indeed for 
extent and capacity they are not surpassed by any others in the 
world. Just think of 1,025:} acres of land being covered with 
docks on the Liverpool side of the Mersey alone ! Add to 
this 506 acres on the opposite side of the river, at Birkenhead, 
which is usually considered a part of Liverpool, and we have 
1 ,531 J acres of docks. 

But I must explain what a dock is, or the young readers 
who have never been to the sea-shore may not understand. 
Docks are enclosures along the sides of a river or harbor where 
ships and boats may be "corralled" while unloading or load- 
ing up their cargoes or while being repaired, and where the 
storms that cause the waves of the sea to dash about so wildly 
cannot reach them. For a distance of eight miles along the 
Mersey river, on the Liverpool side, the shore is protected by 
a massive granite wall. This wall is built far out in the old 
bed of the river, for the river here used to be much wider 
than it is now. As one sails along the river he will see no# 
and then a gap in this wall, and just within this gap a huge 
pair of gates. These gates open into a dock. From this dock 
in perhaps three different directions other gates open into still 
other docks, situated as a farmers corrals are sometimes, side 
by side, with gates opening from one to the other. But the 
wall or space between any two docks must be broad enough 
for a great amount of cargo to be piled there or for sheds or 
warehouses to be built and wagons and cars to be drawn upon 
it. The gates are thrown open when the tide is high, and the 
water from the sea is allowed to rush in and fill the docks, and 
ships of the largest size and requiring the greatest depth of 
water to sail in, then pass through the gates into the docks. 
Before the tide goes down the dock gates are closed and the 
water is kept at its hight within them. Around the sides of 
these docks the vessels can be moored, close to the quays or 
wharfs, and discharge their cargoes and load up again, ready 
for another voyage. Huge cranes are used for loading and 
unloading vessels, some of them capable of lifting more than 
fifty tons at once, though these very large ones are generally 
used only for lifting the steam-boilers or other very heavy 
machinery into the ships or out again when they require 

A view of the docks presents a regular forest of masts, for 
there are on an average between 500 and GOO ships in dock all 
the time. They come here from all parts of the navigable 
globe, for Liverpool is the second commercial port in the 
world, in point of importance. It is a common thing to see 
from 300 to 400 vessels, including coasters entering or leaving 
the Mersey at one tide. 

A walk along the quays surrounding the docks, to view the 
great variety of craft moored there, and the work that is going 
on is quite interesting, but a person would not care to walk the 
whole distance along the quay from one end of the docks to 
the other, for that would be over twenty miles. 


325 | 

Here we see a yard full of timber, brought by ships from 
foreign countries, and used for ship-building and other pur- 
poses. Many of the logs are too long to be loaded on wagons 
in the way we usually load logs in our country — "by main 
strength and awkwardness," or by rolling them up on skids, - 
so they are hauled about from place to place under the run- 
ning gear instead. They have wheels about nine feet in hight, 
so that the axletrees are high enough to admit of the timber 
being swung under them. Such wagons would hardly do for 
the mountain dugways of Utah. 

In another place we find a large ship being repaired in a 
dry or "graving" dock, while it rests upon trussels and stilts. 
The gates seem to be quite water-tight, for here the bottom of 
the dock is dry although in the next dock, just outside the 
gates the water is a great depth. Some of these graving docks 
are fitted up with hydraulic machinery by which a vessel can 
be lifted bodily out of the water for examination, to see if it 
requires any repairs. 

Passing one shed we come to an immense pile of crooked, 
red-looking pieces of wood, which at first sight might be taken 
for cedar posts, but which on examination prove to be sticks 
of log wood, importedfor dyeing purposes. Here again we see a 
lot of yellow-colored wood which we are informed is fustic, 
imported for a similar use. Again we pass great heaps of 
unrefined sugar. It has been imported from Java. For con- 
venience in handling it has been shipped in packages weighing 
about 30 or 40 pounds each with a coarse Tjind of matting 
wrappers, many of which are now burst open and the sugar is 
strewn around to be tramped on by the workmen and looking 
so filthy as to almost make one forswear the use of sugar. Now 
we come to a lot of barrels, some of which appear to be not 
quite full, and a man is filling them at the bung with what 
appears at first sight to be light brown sugar, but which 
we learn is palm oil ; and close by we see men shoveling up 
and sacking nuts from which this oil is made and which look 
like brown, irregularly-shaped pebbles. Next we come to a 
cargo of salt being unloaded, then a load of wheat; bales of 
cotton in another place and barrels, boxes, machinery and 
various other kinds of freight in still others. Here we see 
large quantities of ice being lowered into a steamer's hold and 
we learn that in a large building close by, ice is being made by 
steam power. What an age We live in, when ice can be made 
in any season of the year ! Truly science is making rapid 
strides ! 

And now we come to a huge pile of rotten-looking, half- 
pulverized sandstone, which is being dumped down from hoist- 
ing works that stand high in the air. It is brought up out of 
the tunnel which is being constructed under the Mersey from 
Liverpool to Birkenhead. Taking a fancy to inspect the work 
going on in the tunnel, we apply to one of the foremen for 
permission to go down, and he, anxious to secure the liberal 
"tips" expected and usually received from Americans for 
favors shown them, readily consents to show us through. He 
takes us into his ofiice and supplies us each with a huge pair 
of boots that reach up to our knees and a workman's coat, 
ensconsed in which we might easily have passed for two burly 
Cornish miners. With a flaring torch in his hand our guide 
lead the way up stairs into the hoisting works and entered the 
cage to descend the shaft, and we follow him. Then down we 
go for more than a hundred feet until we reach the bottom of 
the tunnel. Here we behold a brick arch 23 feet high and 20 
feet in width — wide enough to accommodate two broad-guage 
railroad trains side by side. We traverse the tunnel from end 
to end, and see the miners engaged in excavating with 


pick and shovel and by drilling and blasting the soft sandstone 
through which the tunnel extends the whole distance. We 
also see the masons building the walls and admire the careful 
and substantial manner in which they do their work. The 
wall of the arch is thirty inches in thickness and consists of 
three courses of red brick and three courses of blue, the latter 
especially heavy and apparently as hard as iron. They are 
set in the very best of cement. The builders follow close after 
the miners. As soon as a distance of fifteen feet has been 
excavated they move their scaffold along and build the arch. 
A Beaumont engine for tunneling is used on the Birkenhead 
side, but here the work is done by hand. Two tracks of nar- 
row railway extend along the bottom of the tunnel, and up 
and down these the cars are drawn which carry the sandstone 
to the hoisting works and the bricks and mortar from there. 
Nine horses are kept in this end of the tunnel to draw the 
cars. The total length of the tunnel will be three miles. The 
width of the river at this point is 1,200 yards. From the side 
of the river to the terminus in the city the tunnel ascends at a 
gradient of one in 30 and in crossing the river it descends from 
either shore to the center at the rate of one in 20. Beneath 
the main tunnel a drain tunnel is being constructed. We also 
descended into this, which at the point where the pump is 
located is 60 feet below the main tunnel, but gradually ascends 
as it approaches the center of the river until it opens out on a 
level with the bottom of the main tunnel atitslowest part. This is 
for the purpose of carrying any water off there may be in the main 
tunnel to a point where it can be pumped to the surface. This 
sub-tunnel is 8 feet in diameter. One thousand workmen are 
at present engaged in the tunnel on the two sides of the river, 
and it is expected that the headings will meet in about four 
months from now, so that a person may walk through it 
beneath the river from one side to the other, and probably by 
the latter part of the next year or early in 1885 trains will be 
running through. Feeling well repaid for our visit to the 
tunnel, we ascend and examine the huge pump which raises 
the water to the surface and the machine that generates the 
electricity by which the tunnel is lighted, resume our own 
coats and boots, hand our guide a few "bob" for his kindness 
and stroll on. As we do so we see the sandstone from the 
tunnel being hauled away by a number of the huge, clumsy- 
looking English carts, drawn by ponderous horses, some of it 
to be sprinkled along the street car tracks throughout the city 
to keep the horses' feet from slipping on the paving stones, 
but most of it to be shipped away to nearly all the ports in 
the world. "And why is that," I fancy I hear some of the 
young readers asking, "is it of any value?" I will explain. 
A ship requires some weighty cargo to make it sink a con- 
siderable depth into the water, or it would be in danger of 
capsizing in a storm. If the ships that come to Liverpool from 
various parts of the world cannot obtain freight that is of any 
value to take back, they load up with this worthless sand, as 
"ballast," so they may ride safely in the turbulent seas; and 
thus the sandstone from the Mersey tunnel is distributed 
throughout the world. 

Those who admire and love knowledge for its own sake 
ought to wish to see its elements accessible to all, were it only 
that they may be the more thoroughly examined into, and 
more effectually developed in their consequences, and receive 
that ductility and plastic quality which the pressure of minds of 
all descriptions, constantly molding them to their purpose can 
only bestow. 



50 NOR'IH WAIN blkhbl 


Al/C mTV I 







[Continued from page 309.) 

IT was nearly midnight before the crowd left the hall, but 
when they did so I found relief, for my mind had been on 
a continual strain holding the people in check. Next morning 
the marshal told me I had better leave the town for he feared 
an outbreak, as the mob were threatening to tar and feather 
me. I took his advice and left the town on foot for Oregon 
city by a road through the woods that was but little traveled. 
When I found myself alone I began to doubt my dream as it 
had not been fulfilled. I was leaving Salem and had not bap- 
tized anybody. While I was thus thinking a wagon came up 
behind me. I hailed the man who drove the team and asked 
him to let me ride. He told me to jump up into the wagon. I 
did so, and he at once recognized me as the "Mormon" 
preacher. He told me he was at the meeting and believed the 
doctrines I taught to be true. I preached to him until we 
arrived at his camp on Pudding river where he was making 
shingles. He asked me to stop with him over night as 
he wished to hear more about "Mormonism." We sat up 
nearly all night conversing together. When I was about to 
leave the next morning, he told me that he was convinced of 
the truth, that he believed me to be a servant of God, and 
wished to be baptized before I left, "For," said he, "I may 
never see you again, and if I lose this opportunity I may be 
lost for ever." I told him that he must repent of his sins, 
take upon himself the name of a Latter-day Saint and deter- 
mine to serve God in bad as well as in good report. He said 
that he had determined to do so, by the help of the Lord. 
We therefore went down to the river near his camp and I bap- 
tized and confirmed him a member of the Church. We par- 
took of the sacrament all alone in the silent woods, there being 
none present to witness the holy ordinances I was performing 
but God, angels and ourselves. I wrote for him a certificate 
of his baptism, recorded the same in my journal and left him 
praising God. I have never heard from him or seen him 
since. His name was Wm. P. Jacobs. 

I continued my journey to Oregon city where I baptized 
seven persons, who were added to the Pleasant Hill branch, and 
remained with the Saints over two weeks confirming them in 
the faith of the gospel and testifying to them of the truth of 
the work. 

I continued my journey down the river, preaching and 
teaching by the way at every opportunity, until I reached St. 
Hellens, where I crossed the Columbia river and found the 
Saints on Lewis river afraid to meet me in public or admit me to 
their houses. They had all backed out but Sister Louisa A. 
John, who was neither afraid nor ashamed to invite me to her 
house, although her husband was in sympathy with the mob. 
I remained there two weeks trying to break the yoke of bond- 
age from the necks of the Saints, but ail to no purpose. There 
was no one to leave with the Saints on Lewis river, Elders 
Harmon and Winslow having been driven from the country 
by an armed mob, and where they were I knew not, so I left 
the Saints on Lewis river alone. At parting I blessed 
Sister Louisa A. John, and predicted, that if she remained 
faithful, she would yet be gathered to the home of the 

On my return to Oregon city I found Elders Harmon and 
Winslow. I also received a letter from President G. Q. Can- 

non releasing us from the mission to return home. Our joy 
was full and my heart overflowed with thankfulness to God 
that we were now honorably released to return home to Utah, 
but how to go and take the Saints with us was the problem to 
be solved. It was finally agreed that Elders Harmon and 
Winslow should remain with the Saints at Oregon city and 
that Elder Higgins and myself stop with the Saints on the 
Coast Fork of the Willamit valley until Spring, warding of 
the enemy and assisting the Saints to emigrate. From this 
time until we started, on the 6th of March 1858, we were 
employed in getting an outfit and protecting ourselves and the 
Saints from mob violence for we were continually beset by 
wicked men and devils, who sought our lives and declared 
openly that they would drive us from the country if we did 
not, leave. Elder Keyes, the president of the Willamit branch, 
had a rifle ball shot through his ax helve, while chopping in the 
woods alone, by some fiend in ambush. This circumstance 
gave the Saints a hint to hurry up. In the meantime the 
Lord held our enemies and preserved our lives in a wonderful 
manner while in Oregon, and on our way to Utah, beset, as we 
were, by enemies on every hand. We were betrayed by false 
brethren, lost in the mountains among the Modoc Indians, 
had our horses stolen, the company was taken by Indians and 
Elder Higgins was shot nigh unto death, but was healed by 
the power of God. Eventually through all our perils we 
landed safely among our friends in Ogden, Utah, on the 26th 
of October, 1858. We felt amply repaid for all we had passed 
through when we arrived home and were welcomed and blessed 
by President Brigham Young and the Apostles. 

Twenty-five years have passed away since then. I have trav- 
eled far and wide through the United States and in foreign 
lands with the words of life and salvation to a fallen world, 
and in my humble way, with the help of God, have brought 
many honest souls to a knowledge of the truth; but my experi- 
ence on the mission to Oregon is the most interesting one I 
ever had. I was greatly surprised at meeting Sister Louisa 
A. John in Ogden city, on the 18th of August, 1S82, after a 
lapse of so many years. She had traveled alone from her old 
home. Her children one by one passed away in death, and 
last of all, her husband died, and left her free to come to the 
home of the Saints. She could find no one of all her father's 
house to come with her, and the Saints of Washington terri- 
tory had lost the spirit of the work, so she had to come alone 
to do a work for herself and her dead in the house of the 

On meeting her, she said, "Brother Stuart, here I am 
according to your word that I should yet come to Zion, if 
faithful. I have no friend but you among the Saints; help me 
to do my work, tell me how to commence." 

I told her it was the law for all who gather to Zion, to be 
rebaptized and to pay a tithing of all they possessed in order 
to obtain the blessings of the house of the Lord. She did as 
required and received her blessing accordingly. 

She visited a short time here and then returned to her old 
home where she is now settling up her business with a view 
of returning to Utah to spend the remainder of her days in 
the service of the Lord. 

Many an honest man stands in need of help who has not the 
courage to ask for it. 

If He prayed who was without sin, how much more it 
becometh a sinner to pray. 





[Continued from page 308.) 
PRESIDENT YOUNG and council and the main body of 
■*■ the camp remained in the valley until the 26th of August, 
when they started on their return journey. On the 3rd of Sep- 
tember, they met the first company of families, which had 
left Winter Quarters in the month of June. This was Cap- 
tain Daniel Spencer's company. The next day they met Elder 
Parley P. Pratt's encampment. On the 5th they met Cap- 
tains A. O. Smooth's, G. B. Wallace's and C. C. Rich's com- 
panies. On the 7th they met Captain Edward Hunter's com- 
pany, with whom Elder John Taylor was traveling ; and on 
the 8th they met Captain J. M. Grant's hundred. On the 
18th of October the pioneer company were met by three 
wagons and a number of horsemen from Winter Quarters, 
who had been sent out to their assistance. On the 30th of 
Oct., after a trying journey, the pioneer company reached the 
Elkhorn river. Presidents Young and Kimball expressed their 
satisfaction with the conduct of the pioneers during their 
travels, and blessed them in the name of the Lord. At sun- 
set about twenty wagons arrived from Winter Quarters with 
Bishop N. K. Whitney, John S. Fullmer, William Kay and 
many others, bringing food and grain. On the 31st of Octo- 
ber, when the company was about a mile from Winter Quar- 
ters, the wagons of the Twelve came to the front, and Presi- 
dent Young remarked : 

"Brethren, I will say to the pioneers, I wish you would 
receive my thanks for your kindness and willingness to obey 
orders. I am satisfied with you — you have done well. We 
have accomplished more than we expected. Out of one 
hundred and forty-three men who started, some of them sick, 
all of them are well. Not a man has died ; we have not lost 
a horse, mule or ox but through carelessness. The blessings 
of the Lord have been with us. If the brethren are satis- 
fied with me and the Twelve please signify it by uplifted 

All hands were raised. President Young continued, 

"I feel to bless you in the name of the Lord God of Israel. 
You are dismissed to go to your own homes." 

The company drove into the town of Winter Quarters in 
order about an hour before sunset. The streets were 
crowded with people to shake hands as they passed through 
the lines, and the pioneers truly rejoiced to once more behold 
their wives, children and friends after an absence of over six 
months, in which time they had traveled over two thousand 
miles, sought out a location for the Saints to dwell in peace, 
and accomplished the most interesting mission in this dispen- 
sation. As not a soul of the camp had died, and no serious 
accident had happened to any, they felt to praise the Lord. 

President Young and the Twelve had but little time to 
spend in resting when tbey reached Winter Quarters. There 
was plenty of work to be done arranging for the Saints who 
had not gathered to Winter Quarters, in caring for those 
already there and in making preparations for the journey the 
next year of those who were able to come to these valleys. 
Brother John S. Fullmer, one of the three trustees who had 
been left in Nauvoo to settle up the affairs of the Church, 
sell the property, etc., was at Winter Quarters and reported 
their proceedings in Nauvoo to the Twelve. It was voted in 
council the trustees gather all the papers and books pertaining 
to Church affairs in Nauvoo and as soon as they had sold as 
much of the property as they could, they should gather up to 
Council Bluffs. Elder Jesse C. Little, who had made the 

journey to the valley and back with the pioneers, was instructed 
to resume his presidency over the eastern churches. Elder 
John Brown, another of the pioneers, was appointed to labor 
in the Southern States, and a large number of Elders were 
also selected to go on missions. Arrangements were also 
made to vacate Winter Quarters and found a settlement 
on the eastern side of the river, at Council Bluffs. This town 
was afterwards named Kanesville, in honor of General Thomas 
L. Kane. The name has since been changed, and it is now 
known as Council Bluffs City. The reason for vacating Win- 
ter Quarters was that the land where the town stood belonged 
to the Indians ; it was an Indian territory the title of which 
had not been extinguished. The agents of the government 
were disposed to take advantage of this and annoy the people, 
and that there might not be the least cause or imaginary cause 
of confusion on the part of the government, it was deemed 
best to remove to the other side of the river. It was voted 
that until the laws of Iowa were extended over the people of 
the new settlement at the Bluffs, the bishops should have 
authority as civil magistrates among the people. This was 
necessary that there might be courts to exercise jurisdiction in 
case of difficulty. The organization of companies to be ready 
to emigrate in the Spring was pushed forward with great zeal 
during the Winter. 

On the 5th of December, 1847, a council of the Twelve met 
at Elder Orson Hyde's house, and unanimously elected Presi- 
dent Brigham Young as president of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints, with authority to nominate his two 
counselors. The president appointed Brother Heber C. Kim- 
ball as his first counselor, and Brother Willard Richards as 
his second counselor, and these appointments were unani- 
mously sustained. The next day, besides other items of busi- 
ness, Patriarch John Smith was nominated and sustained as 
Patriarch over the whole Church. Elder Orson Pratt was 
appointed to go to England and take charge of the affairs of 
the Church there, and Elders Orson Hyde and E. T. Benson 
went to the East on missions. 

On the 24 th of December a conference of the Church was 
held at the new settlement, which was continued until the 
29th. A high council was selected for that side of the river, 
and much important business was transacted, and on the 29th, 
the last day of the conference, the people confirmed the elec- 
tion of President Young as president of the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints, with Brothers Heber C. Kimball 
and Willard Richards as his counselors. From the death of 
the Prophet Joseph up to this time, the Twelve Apostles had 
acted as the presidency of the Church. The mind of the 
Lord had been obtained respecting this matter, and a first pre- 
sidency had been selected, consisting of President Young and 
the two counselors whom he had appointed. While upon this 
subject we may anticipate the history sufficiently to say that 
upon the arrival of the Presidency in the valley, four Elders 
were chosen as Apostles to act in the vacancies which had 
been thus created and to take the place of Lyman Wight, who 
was cut off from the Apostleship. They were Charles C. 
Rich, Lorenzo Snow, Erastus Snow and Franklin D. Richards. 
(To be Continued.) 

Erratum: In the History of the Church on page 213 of 
this volume after the word "appointed," in the twenty-fifth 
line from the bottom in the last column, it should read : Lieu- 
tenants Andrew Lytle and James Pace of Company E., cap- 
tains of hundreds: Sergeants William Hyde, Daniel Tyler and 
Redick N. Allred, respctively, captains of fifties. Elisha 
Everett, musician, was appointed captain of ten pioneers. 

DEStKfc l 


5n wnp-n i 

TR;7 lir.V^Y OF THE 


I ! CTPil-r— i- 







HERE is a habit which is very injurious 
to the minds of those who indulge in it, 
and which is growing among the youth of 
this people much more rapidly than it 
should. It is that of novel reading. How 
many minds have been ruined by the 
immoderate reading of novels it is impos- 
sible to estimate. Nor are the evils aris- 
ing from the practice of this pernicious 
habit alone confined to the derangement of the 
mental faculties, but we also hear frequently of 
the escapades of boys, who, having read some 
dime novel, desire to make heroes of themselves 
by running away from home. 
On more than one occasion while traveling through 
the settlements we have been surprised as well as 
pained in our feelings to see trashy novels laid by the 
side of the Holy Bible on the front room table, and, 
judging from appearances, the former had been perused much 
more often than the latter. A parent who will introduce 
works of fiction into his home and encourage his children in 
the reading of them to the neglect of that which is true and 
from God, will, we firmly believe, be called to an account at 
some future day for this misdemeanor. 

It may be argued, however, that when the mind of a child 
begins to expand it should not be overtaxed by study, and, 
consequently, some fairy tale or romance will be more suitable 
for it, We will admit that small children should not apply 
themselves too closely to study, but this is no reason at all 
why stories which are known to be untrue from beginning to end 
should be placed in their hands that the} may thereby impress 
upon their tender minds something which will never be of 
any use to them. Rather let them read the narratives of 
Bible and Book of Mormon history, which are so thrillingly 
interesting, and which, in addition to being true, are written 
in a style that for beauty and simplicity is unequaled by the 
best authors of the present age. When these works have been 
perused and their contents thoroughly digested, then let other 
good books bo provided so that the intellectual may at least 
equal the physical growth. 

Another argument which is sometimes used in favor of 
eastern publications is that they are much cheaper than our 
Church works and are consequently purchased in preference 
to the latter. Such was the plea of ascertain man who pre- 
tended to be a Saint in one of our settlements, and who was 
raising a family of children. The result of his course was 
apparent. His oldest daughter, a girl of sixteen years, was 
entirely ignorant of the Book of Mormon and its contents, 
while she well knew the titles and subject matter of the latest 
tales in the A* » York Ledger. She had no particular rever- 
ence for God. because she had not been instructed in regard 
to Him and His laws; she spoke lightly of sacred things, 
because she did not realize that she thereby grieved the Holy 
Spirit. In this case with whom will the sin rest if not with 

the parent? The fact is that novels are expensive at any 

We hope and expect in the near future to see the time when 
every member of the Sunday schools, mutual improvement 
associations and primaries will have access to a good library 
which is supplied with the best books the country affords and 
only those which are known to be true. We trust also that 
the Saints will be placed in such a position that they can 
devote more time to intellectual pursuits, and thus prepare 
themselves to fill the responsible offices whereunto God has 
said He would eventually call them. 

Considering the opportunities which this people have had 
for the acquisition of knowledge their progress is remarkable. 
Amid all their persecutions, mobbings and drivings they have 
never forgotton that "the glory of God is intelligence" and 
that "no man can be saved in ignorance." And now that the 
facilities for acquiring an education are so excellent, we see no 
reason why the youth of to-day should not in another ten years 
stand in the foremost rank of the learned men of the earth 
There is, however, only one way in which this desirable end 
can be attained, and that is to "seek knowledge from the best 
books," being guided in all that is done by the Holy Spirit, 
and leaving novels and all trashy literature to those who know 
not that all true knowledge which we acquire in this probation 
will come forth with us in the resurrection. 


BY C. W. N. 

IN one of our quiet little northern settlements, lives a quaint 
old Scotchman ; a truly srood Latter-day Saint, who recently 
related to me a little story which I have thought good to write 
down in his own Scotch words, (as near as I can remember 
them) for the entertainment and profit of the children. 

"Charlie," said he "some years ago, my auld wife was awfa 
sick. I waited on her day and nicht, and ye ken I was just 
feered she was ganna dee. But I telled her she'd better no 
dee and leave me aw my lane. So one day she got it inta her 
heed that she wanted some fish, and if she only had some 
fish she wauld be better. Now I never could catch a fish. I 
didna ken ony thing aboot it. Mon, I could scarcely tell a 
sucker frae a troot. But I just gaed oot aw my lane, and I 
knelt doon and askit my Father that as my auld wife was awfa 
seek, and she thocht a fish waud make her better, that he 
waud just put me in the way to catch a fish. 

"1 got a pole, an a line we a hook at the end o't, fixed a bait 
on the hook an doon I goes to the river there. 

"The first open place I come ta I swung my line ower my 
heed an my hook had scarcely touched the water when a great 
big troot just sprang at it and swallowed it. You better believe 
I was excited. I pulled and twisted the thing aboot till 1 was 
just din oot. But 1 landed the fish; and when I laid it on 
my arms length, its heed touched my cheek an its tail lappit 
ower my finger ends. 

"Luck like that at the beginning just made me feel that I 
waud tak hame a back load o' fish for my auld wife. So I 
fixes on another bait in a hurry you bettor believe, and I com- 
menced fishin in earnest; an I fished an fished, waded the 
river, cam near droonen mysel, got drenched to the skin and 
worked at that fishin business aw that afternoon, but never 
another bite. When I was near din oot, I remembert that 
I had just askit the Lord for one fish." 




OUR engraving represents a scene from Bible history, which 
is doubtless familiar to all of our readers. Those who 
have heard or read the second chapter of Exodus will imme- 
diately pronounce the infant which is held in the arms of the 
slave as the child Moses. The decree of Pharaoh, king of 
Egypt, having gone forth that every male child born of Heb- 

received from her, is too well-known to need repetition here. 
But notwithstanding the fact that he received so many kind- 
nesses at the hands of an Egyptian princess, and, according to 
some writers, "was educated as an Egyptian in the priest's col- 
lege at Heliopolis," he still retained his love for the Hebrews 
and became their devoted champion. 

The killing of a task-master who was shamefully abusing 
one of his countrymen, was an act of Moses which would have 

rew women should be cast into the river, Moses necessarily 
came under the ban; but his mother, full of love for her son, 
managed to conceal him for three months, and, when she could 
hide him no longer she carefully prepared a water-tight ark or 
b'Jat of bulrushes into which she placed the^ child. This ark 
she then placed among the reeds near the bank of the Nile. 

The narrative of the rinding of Israel's future leader by 
Pharaoh's daughter and the attention which he subsequently 

cost him his life had he not fled into the land of Arabia. 
Here we again find him taking the part of the oppressed: the 
daughters of Jethro, the priest of Midian, came to a certain 
well to water their flocks but the shepherds sought to drive 
them away, when Moses interfered and assisted the maidens 
with their work. This act was doubtless the cause of his 
receiving employment from Jethro, whose daughter he after- 
wards married. 



It was while living in partial seclusion as a shepherd that 
the Lord called and appointed Moses to be the leader and deliv- 
erer of His covenant people. He, however, was loth to 
accept of a position laden with so much responsibility, and 
sought to excuse himself before the Lord, even though the 
latter had manifested His power to him through the three mir- 
acles of the burning bush, the serpent rod and the leprous 

With his brother, Aaron, as spokesman, and sustained in a 
wonderful manner by the power of God, Moses was successful, 
after the fulfillment of ten plagues, to lead the children of 
Israel out of bondage and beyond the reach of their former 

One, among the many important lessons which we learn 
from the history of Moses is that God does not choose His 
servants from among the renowned, learned and wealthy men 
of the earth. In this case he chose a man who was compar- 
atively unknown even among his own countrymen, and whose 
calling was confirmed by signs from heaven. In these days 
God has and will continue to call His servants from among the 
humble and worthy, without regard to their wealth or pop- 


ON Monday, Oct. 1st, 1883, the regular monthly meeting 
of the Union was held in the Assembly Hall, Gen. Supt. 
George Q. Cannon presiding. 

Opened with singing by the second and third Ward Sunday 
schools, combined under the leadership of Bro. John Robin- 
son; and prayer by Elder George Reynolds. 

Minutes of the September meeting were read and accepted. 

Supt. William Hart of the second Ward Sunday school, 
reported it in a prosperous condition. The total membership 
was 134, with an average attendance of 80. Tbey use the 
Union and Church works. The Sacrament is administered 
after singing and before the roll is called. The scholars were 
well trained and prompt in answering questions asked them 
from the stand. They could get along better if they had a 
larger house to meet in. Many of the children were punctual 
and felt really interested, and more good, steady and exper- 
ienced teachers were needed to watch over and instruct them. 

Supt James Eardley reported the third Ward Sunday school 
in an excellent condition. Although a small school, because 
the Ward was small, it was a very good and interesting one. 
It numbered 9 classes, 17 officers and teachers and 85 pupils, 
with quite a fair average attendance. The sacrament was 
administered each Sunday. They tried to make the school as 
entertaining as possible by having a variety of exercises and 
lessons and changing them as often as was deemed best, so as to 
avoid monotouy and lead the children to take greater interest 
in the principles taught them. 

Anthem by the choirs. 

Bro. Scott Anderson, by invitation, delivered a short, inter- 
esting lecture in favor of abstinence from tobacco, intoxicating 
drinks and profane language. 

"Never forget the dear ones, that cluster around thy home," 
was very sweetly rendered by the combined choirs. 

Assistant Supt. Geo. Goddard related an incident which 
occurred in his youth that led to his conversion to the temper- 
ance cause. Temperance taught him the virtue of self-denial, 
one of the greatest keys to happiness and peace given in the 


gospel. Prest. J.D. T. McAllister of the St. George Stake 
made a few appropriate remarks. 

Prest. Geo. Q. Cannon impressed upon the young men to 
attend these meetings with the object of benefiting themselves 
by all that they might hear. He deplored the terrible habits of 
smoking and indulgence in strong drinks. He thought no better 
effort could be made to check these evils than that of a good 
example from the Sunday school teachers and officers and all 
who had the morality of the youth intrusted to their hands, 
whether as parents or teachers. 

The first Ward Sunday school was requested to furmsh music 
and doorkeepers at the November meeting of the Union. 

Benediction by Assistant Supt. John Morgan. 

The semi-annual meeting of the Deseret Sunday School 
Union was held on Friday, October 15th, 1883, in the Salt 
Lake Assembly Hall. Gen. Supt. Geo. Q. Cannon presided. 

Present: Presidents George Q. Cannon and Joseph F. 
Smith; Apostles Erastus Snow, Moses Thatcher and Heber J. 
Grant; Presidents and S. S. Superintendents of Stakes; gen- 
eral officers of the Union and others. 

The Tabernacle choir, led by Prof. E. Beesley, furnished 
excellent music for the opening and closing exercises, also sev- 
eral choice selections interspersed between the addresses. 

After the opening prayer by Pres. Wm. Paxman and sing- 
ing by the choir, the roll of Stakes was called. 

The following Stakes were then reported: 

Bear Lake, by Stake Supt. A. Galloway (per letter); Sevier, 
by Counselor W. H. Seegmiller; Juab, by Stake Supt. Wm. 
Paxman; Panguitch, by Counselor J. W. Crosby, Jr.; Paro- 
wan, by Asst. Stake Supt. Morgan Richards, Jr.; San Juan, 
San Luis and Emery, by Asst. Gen. Supt. John Morgan who 
had recently visited those places; Sanpete, by Stake Supt. J. 
B. Maiben; Utah, by Asst. Stake Supt. Isaiah M. Coombs; 
Cache, by Apostle Moses Thatcher; Weber, by Elder H. H. 
Goddard, and Salt Like, by Stake Supt. John C. Cutler. 

The reports, altogether, indicated that a greater and more 
general interest was being taken in our Sunday schools, and 
that they were prospering in all the Stakes. The presiding 
authorities in the different Stakes and Wards were more gen- 
erally active in all their efforts to promote and sustain the 
interests of their Sunday schools. At several places, illness 
among the people had lessened the attendance during a part 
of the season, but the general health was improving. A great 
many of the Sunday schools were so widely scattered that con- 
siderable labor devolved upon the Stake Sunday school author- 
ities in visiting them. Jubilees or reviews had been held in 
many places with good results. The Juvenile Instructor 
and Faith-Promotino Series were very much appreciated 
in all schools where they had been introduced. The Sacra- 
ment was very generally administered and the children through 
the training given them, had a better understanding of and 
much more respect for this sacred ordinance. Suitable and 
new music was much needed. In two of the Stakes the Sun. 
day school officers and teachers had been set apart by the lay- 
ing on of hands to their respective duties and mostly with 
good results. The Stakes represented by Supt. Morgan had 
not been organized very long, and the Saints were laboring 
under the difficulties that exist in new settlements, but the 
excellent features that he had noted in their Sunday schools 
and the interest manifested by bishops and others we re com- 
mendable. Local missionary labor for the purpose of getting 
all the youth to attend Sunday school regularly had effected 
good where it had been tried; so far as reported, this had only 

CTTT^riEnNriLIE iitstrtjctob. 


been carried out fully in Weber Stake; this was a notable excep- 
tion to the other reports, for although there is an improvement 
inthis respeet, a great need was expressed for efficient male 
teachers who would attend regularly and feel the importance 
of this noble calling. 

Elder Moses Thatcher, when giving, by request, a 
general report of the cause in Cache Stake, observed that 
faithful Sunday school work is as good and important as for- 
eign missionary labor. He encouraged parents to visit our 
Sunday schools, and depreciated the practice of some in send- 
ing their children to schools taught by those outside of the 
Church. Said the Juvenile Instructor was the best period- 
ical published. 

Prest. Joseph F. Smith endorsed the Sunday school move- 
ment. It was a pleasure to him to visit our Sunday schools 
whenever opportunity offered; though he had not visited in 
this Stake very much. This work is of such importance that 
it should take no argument to convince the parents of their 
duty to get their children ready in time and send them to Sun- 
day school. He referred to the need of teachers and felt that 
the example of mothers, who, having a family to care for, 
take them to Sunday school and act as teachers was most prais- 
worthy. He admonished teachers to be patient and kind 
to the younger children and draw them by the power of affec- 

Apostle Erastus Snow suggested that Ward Teachers look 
after the children in their visits to the families of the Saints, 
and urge their attendance at Sunday school. Also suggested 
that teachers for Sunday schools be sought after, whose occu- 
pations would not interfere with their regular attendance. He 
felt pleased and encouraged at the reports given. He blessed 
those engaged in Sunday schools with all the authority he had 
and invoked the blessings of God upon' them, for they had an 
important mission. 

Asst. Gen. Supt. Goddard briefly reviewed the reports that 
had been given. He commended the Instructor, and urged 
all to aid in sustaining and extending its circulation. It was 
expected that'by Christmas a new music book of about one 
hundred pieces would be issued by the Union. He said that 
Elder C. H.;Bliss was going to travel through the territory in 
the interests of the Instructor, and proposed that he be 
appointed a missionary at large to our Sunday schools, which, 
on motion, was done by unanimous'vote. 

Gen. Supt. George Q. Cannon suggested, where there is a 
lack of teachers it would be good for presidents of Stakes and 
Bishops to call sufficient competent brethren to act in that cap- 
acity. There is no labor that will exceed, if there be one that 
equals it. 1 ? Faithful teachers will be greatly blessed. He felt 
thaukful for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit that had led to 
the organization of our Sunday schools and the establishing 
of the Deseret Sunday School Union. 

Closed with singing the doxology by the choir and congrega- 
tion and benediction by Apostle H. J. Grant. 

Gratitude should mark all our conduct, for we are sur- 
rounded by the mercies of God. 

Would you learn to judge kindly an offending brother, place 
yourself in the position of the culprit. 

The fairest fruit is not always the most palatable. The fair- 
est woman is not always the most faultless. 



SINCE the Book of Mormon was first published to the 
world in the year 1829, many things have come to light 
that are evidences of its truthfulness. Among these are the 
numerous ruins and mounds that have been discovered since 
that time, as well as other evidences that go to prove that this 
land was inhabited by a more civilized race than Columbus 
found here. Among the mounds that I have seen I think the 
most important are to be found a few miles east of St. Louis, 
on the American Bottom. As you proceed eastward on the 
Ohio and Mississippi or Vandalia railroads you will notice 
numerous mounds of various sizes covering the plain on either 
side of the track. One in particular — off to the left — attracts 
the attention from its great hight and size and because a farm 
house stands on its summit. 

Within ten square miles of alluvion bottom there are more 
than one hundred mounds of considerable dimensions. The 
largest of these are on the bank of Cahokia creek five or six 
miles from East St. Louis. 

This group contains seventy-two mounds the majority of 
which are situated on a square mile. The largest mound is 
in the center of the group and is known as the Cahokia or 
Monk's Mound, deriving its latter name from the fact that in 
the early history of the country some monks occupied the 
mound for a short time. The form of the mound is a par- 
allelogram with straight sides the longer of which are north 
and south. It is about one hundred feet in hight. On the 
southern end thirty feet, above the base, is a terrace or apron 
containing nearly two acres of ground. On the western side 
and some thirty feet above the first terrace is a second one of 
somewhat less extent. The top of the mound is flat and 
divided into two parts the northern end being four or five feet 
higher than the southern portion. The summit contains 
about an acre and a half. Near the middle of the first terrace 
at the base of the mound, is a projecting point, apparently the 
remains of a graded pathway to ascend from the plain to the 
terrace. The west side of the mound below the second terrace 
is very irregular and forms projecting knobs separated by deep 
ravines, probably the result of rain storms. The remaining 
sides of the structure are quite straight and but little defaced 
by the hand of time. About the sides of the mound are still 
growing several forest trees one of which an elm is several 
centuries old. The base of the mound covers sixteen acres of 

A well has been dug on the lower terrace and pieces of pot- 
tery, sea shells etc., were found. la another mound near by 
bones were found, also some copper awls and needles, some 
of the latter were about eighteen inches long. Stone images, 
pottery and many small relics have been found in mounds in 
the vicinity. 

All this goes to show a degree of civilization in advance of 
the Indian race, and how do we know but what these mounds 
are the remains of the cement houses spoken of in the third 
chapter of Helaman ? 

There is every appearance that a great city stood here, for 
the bottom seventy-five nnles long and five to ten wide is 
literally covered with "mounds and even the present site of St- 
Louis was dotted here and there with these remains of past 





"Then were brought unto Him little children, that Tie should put His 
hands upon them, and pray : and the disciples rebuked them. 

"But Jesus said, sutler little children and forbid them not to come unto me: 
for of such is the kingdom of heaven. 

"And He laid His hands upon them and departed." — Matthew xix. 13-15. 

AFTER Jesus arose from the dead, He remained with His 
disciples at Jerusalem some forty days; He also came to 
this continent, America, to visit the Nephites, and to organize 
a Church among them. And this, too, was in fulfillment of 
His own sayings when with His disciples at Jerusalem : "And 

I lay down my life for the sheep. And other sheep have I 
which are not of this fold (at Jerusalem); them also I must 
bring, and they shall hear my voice: and there shall be one fold 
and one shepherd" (John x. 15, 16). 

But some would say, "He meant the Gentiles, when He said, 
'Other sheep have l,etc."' When a woman of Canaan, how- 
ever, desired that Jesus should heal her daughter, and the 
apostles asked Him to send her away, for she was crying after 
them, Jesus said: "I am not sent but unto the lost theep of 
the house of Israel" (Matthew xv. 24). Therefore, when 
Jesus told His disciples that He had other sheep He must 
bring and who were to hear His voice, He had reference to 
some branch of the house of Israel, and from the sacred pages 
of the Book of Mormon we learn that He meant the Nephites 
on this land and also the "lost tribes." — But this is foreign to 
my subject. 

One of the most sublime events which is recorded in the 
Book of Mormon, is that of Christ blessing the little children 
among the Nephites. It can be found in III. Nephi xvii. 

II 25. 

"And it came to pass that He commanded that their little 
children should be broueht. 

"So they brought their little children and sat them down 
upon the ground round about him, and Jesus stood in the 
midst; and the multitude gave way till they had all been brought 
unto Him. An] it came to ptss that when they had all been 
brought, and Jesus stood in the midst, he commanded the 
multitude that they should kneel down upon the ground. 
Aud He took their little children one by one 
and blessed them, and prayed unto the Father for them. 
Aud He spake unto the multitude, and 
said unto them, behold your little ones. And as they looked 
to behold, they ca-t their eyes toward* heaven, aud they saw 
the heavens open, and they saw angels descending out of hea- 
ven as it were in the midst of fire ; and they came down and 
encircled those little ones about, aud they were encircled about 
with fire, and the angels did minister unto them." 

In these days it appears that God has not forgotten little 
children, for as early as in the Spring of 1830, He gave a reve- 
lation defining the duties of members of His Church. Accord- 
ing to that revelation, "Every member of the Church of Christ 
having children, is to bring them unto the Elders before the 
Church, who are to lay their hands upon them in the name of 
Jeans Christ, and bless them in His name" (Dor. and ('<>v. 
Sec. xx. : 

Because ol thi- commandment, the Latter-day Saints take 
their children, when they are very young, uutn the Elders of 
the Church who bless them and dedicate them unto the Lord. 

"But," says one, "what good does that do? Wherein is 
there any benefit in that? " 

Certainly there must be as much benefit in being blessed by 
the servants of God now, as at any time ; and who has read 
the story of Samuel's dedication unto the Lord, but what he 
has been ready to exclaim, "Surely the Lord watcheth over 
and accepteth those who are dedicated unto His service." The 
Spirit of the Lord will be with them more abundantly — will 
work more powerfully upon them to restrain them from evil, 
and direct them in the path of virtue. 

The writer believes that very many instances of benefit 
could be related by the Saints of God in support of having 
their children blessed. He gives one that came under his 
personal observation: 

3Irs. R embraced the gospel in England and desired, as 

all Saints do, to gather to Zion— the home of God's people. 
She had four children and after selling all her effects, found 
she was unable to take all four of them with her. The breth- 
ren counseled her to leave two of her children with some of 
the Siints until she could send for them. Accordingly she 
decided to leave her oldest daughter and her son, who was 
then between four and five years of age. Well does that son 
still remember the sorrow of his mother when she concluded 
to follow the counsel of the Elders. 

He was playing in a corner of the room, and, looking up he 
saw that his mother was crying. Going up to her he asked 
why she cried. The mother took him in her arms and for a 
few moments sobbed aloud in her agony of grief. As soon as 
she could control herself she told the child she was going to 
Zion, and that she would have to leave him behind with 

Brother and Sister T , "but, when you grow to be a man, 

you'll come to your mother, won't you, H ?" "Yes, 

mother, I will," said the boy, as the tears trickled down his 

Nearly four years passed and the man and woman, with 
whom this boy was left, were about to separate. "What shall 

we do with H ?" It was decided to send him to the 

"work-house," where he would be "bound" until he was 
twenty-one. That very afternoon he was registered at the 

work-house in B , and was to be taken in the next 


During the night he awoke and tossed about on the bed as in 
a fever. Presently a vision opened upon his mind. He saw 
his mother crying; again he went to her and asked her why 
she cried — bis tears again fell, and a voice seemed to say : "If 
3'ou go to the work-house and stay until you are twenty-one, 
you will never go to Zion to your mother." The vision closed. 
The boy crept noiselessly down stairs; he left the town and 
although the night was dark and the road lonesome, he felt 
no fear, for the angels seemed to guide him. 

He was found by those in whose charge he was left some 
six weeks later, but never returned to B -. 

The next season he went to Zion and has had the inestim- 
able blessing of being reared in the midst of the Saints. 

The boy has now grown to manhood and he firmly believes 
the vision he received, when a boy, was of God; and that it 
was given because he had been dedicated unto the service of 
God, and that He, who hears the ravens when they cry, and 
takes note of the sparrows when they fall, was watching over 
Hia own. 

TRAINING the baud and eye to do work well leads indi- 
viduals to form correct habits iu other respects. 






WHILE the last eighty years have seen the invention and 
introduction of gaslighting in our streets, shops and 
manufactories, scarcely less striking improvements have been 
effected in our domestic lamps — those indispensable compan- 
ions of the student and the workman, whose occupation 
requires a steady light. From a very early time men had dis- 
covered that certain substances plunged in oil or enveloped in 
grease would burn slowly aud give light. But the ancient 
modes of employing these devices were far from satisfactory. 
They furnished a dim light, annoying the senses and injuring 
articles of furniture by giving out constantly thick clouds of 
smoke. Up to the beginning of the present century the 
expensive wax candle was the only means practically in use 
for lighting a room without the, inconvenience of smoke. It 
was in 1785 that Argand, a native of Geneva, discovered a 
new and simple method of obviating this objection to, lamps 
while giving to their flame, for the first time, a pure and brilliant 
appearance. It was Argand who first thought of the device 
of cylindrical necks, to the top of which the oil was induced 
to ascend through a tub or by the capillary attraction of the 
wick. Argand knew that the air passing continually up this 
wick in two currents, the one external, the other internal, 
would afford a far more abundant supply than could be 
obtained by the old methods, and thus teed the flame with 
such rapidity as to prevent smoke ; but the crowning point of 
his invention was the glass chimney, the draught and heat 
created by which enabling the oil to burn at a much higher 
temperature, gave at once that clearness and intensity to the 
light which is now familiar in all households. While Argand 
was preparing to apply this important discovery, a workman, 
named Quinquet, left his service, and immediately afterward 
brought out an improvement as entirely his own invention. 
As such the public received it, and for a long time Quinquet' s 
name became thus unjustly associated with the ingenious dis- 
coveries of his former master. 

Argand died in 1803. He had lived to see considerable 
improvements in the useful instrument which bears his name. 
For the chief of these the world is indebted to Carcel, the 
clockmaker of Paris. To him we owe the solution of an 
important difficulty in lampmaking — the avoidance of the 
projection of the shade from the reservoir. An interesting 
article descriptive of Carcel's invention has been published in 
the Engineer, a weekly journal, from which we extract the 
following particulars : 'Tn the lamp which he constructed, 
Carcel made the reservoir for oil at the lower part of the lamp, 
and placed close to it a clockwork, which moved a little force 
pump, the piston of which raised the oil as far as the wick. 
The spring was reached by means of a key. The mechanical 
means employed by Carcel for raising the oil to the burner 
were as ingenious as elegant; therefore, we have changed 
nothing of the principle of the inventor's lamp. The wheel- 
work that he adopted has always been retained; the improve- 
ments being secondary points in the mechanism. Carcel drew but 
a small profit from his important discovery. Like many orig- 
inators of useful inventions, to whom we are indebted for the 
luxury and ease of actual life, he left to others the profit and 
benefit of his work. He died in 1812, full of infirmities. 
Life had been to him but a long and painful struggle. W hen 
he wished to patent and secure to himself the property of his 
discovery, and commence the use of it, he was obliged to have 

recourse to a partner to find the necessary funds. It was the 
apothecary Garreau who joined him ; thus, the patent, which 
was delivered the 24th of Oct., 1800, to the inventor of the 
'mechanical lamp,' bore the two names of Carcel and Garreau. 
But the latter had nothing to do with the discovery, though 
his intervention in the enterprise was not without its advant- 
ages. Carcel, greatly discouraged would not have followed up 
the work he had proposed to himself had it not been for the 
entreaties and encouragements of his friend. However, the 
term of the patent expired without having brought any 
important profit to the two parties. In the Rue de l'Arbre 
Sec at Paris may still be seen the old shop of Carcel, occu- 
pied to this day by a member of his family, bearing this sign, 
'Carcel, Inventeur.' In the doorway of this simple shop may 
be seen the first model of the lamp wbich Carcel constructed. 
The hot air which passes from the glass chimney of the lamp 
serves to put in motion the mechanism by which the oil is 
raised to the burner. On other lamps is clockwork, con- 
structed as by Carcel, the needles of which are put in action 
by the same mechanism which raises the combustible light." 




It was evening, and the children, 
Two bright, happy, laughing boys, 

Were reminded it was bed-time — 

They must cease their sport and noise. 

Then a gentle, sweet-souled maiden, 
Called the boys to be undressed ; 

And I heard her talking to them, 
While preparing them for rest. 

"You must let me wash your faces," 
(Words she murmured such as these); 

"So that while the angels watch you, 
They can kiss you if they please." 

Angel watchers kissing children, 
Beautiful and happy thought! 

Which the rosy, guileless cherubs, 
Loving, trusting, quickly caught. 

Silently they pondered o'er it, 

Slily into bed they crept; 
And with smiles their faces dimpled, 

Angels watching while they slept. 

In the morning "mamma" found them, 
Still so fresh, and sweet, and bright; 

That it seemed the angel watchers, 

Must have kissed them in the night. 










"I wish you could play more quietly, children," 
said a mother to her two little sons, one evening 
last Winter. 

"Tell us a story, mother, and we'll sit down and 
be right still," said one little boy. 

"Yes mother, please tell us a story," chimed in 
the younger brother, and they each drew a chair 
close to their mother as she sat at work. 

"What shall I tell you about?" asked the mother, 
as she exchanged a smile with their grandma, to 
see how quiet they had already become. 

"Tell us about the world," said the elder son. 
And then something like the following conversa- 
tion took place between the mother and the two 
boys, whose ages were then between four and five 
and between two and three. 

Mother. "Who made the world ?" 

Both boys. "The Lord." 

M. "Yes, the Lord made the earth and the 
heavens. At first, 'the earth was without form,' 
that is, the things of which it is made were all 
mixed together and there was no proper shape to 
them; and the earth was void, or empty; and it 
was all dark. But the Lord divided the land from 
the waters, and made lights." 

First boy. "How did He do it, mother?" 

Second boy. "How could He do it ?" 

M. "I can't tell you how He did it, but He 
knew how it could be done. He knows many 
things that men and women do not know. But 
when you are older you will understand some 
things that you cannot understand now." 

Second buy. "Why don't you know how the Lord 
made the world, mother?" 

First boy. "Can't you learn how He did it?" 

M. "No, I can only learn a little about it. The 
Lord knows a great deal that men and women do 
not know how to find out, the same as men and 
women know some things that children have not 
Learned. I know nowto make bread, but you don't, 
do you?" 

First buy. "Yes I do. You take a pan with some 
flour and some yeast, to make bread." 

Second boy. "And a spoon." 
M. -And i- that all?" 

First buy. "No, you have to have milk or water 
to stir in it." 

.1/. "Well, I'm glad you not ire so much of what 
is done around you; I hope you will always try to 

learn about everything that can be of use to you. 
Now you must go to bed, and if we can, we will 
talk more about the world to-morrow evening." 




"TTOWBEITwhen Ho, the Spirit of truth is come, He will 

■*--*- guide you into all truth for He shall not speak of 
Himself but whatever He shall hear that shall He speak and 
He will show you things to come." (John xvi. 13.) This 
was the promise made by the Savior to the Saints in His day, 
and by following the history of those who were faithful in 
keeping His commandments we find the promise fulfilled as 
shown on the day of Pentecost and many other places in the 
scriptures. And as Peter said "the promise is unto you, 
and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many 
as the Lord our God shall call." So if we have been called by 
Him in this day, the promise is unto us and the Spirit should 
manifest itself the same now as it did then. 

When we as Elders are sent out to proclaim the truths of 
the gospel among strangers we realize that we must seek that 
spirit to "guide us into all truth" for no man knows the 
things of God save by the Spirit of God. But it will not 
dwell in unholy temples, for Paul says, "Know ye not that ye 
are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth 
in you? If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God 
destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are." 
This leaves us in no doubt as to who we are and how we 
should live to have this Spirit for our companion. 

I will give a little of my experience in this regard, and bear 
my humble testimony to the truth of the scriptures as before 
quoted : 

Myself and companion, both of us young in years as well 
as experience in preaching, were laboring in Mississippi. We 
had just opened a new field in Jasper county and as usual 
everybody was talking about the "Mormon" preachers some 
few holding that we preached the truth, while others said we 
and our works were all of the devil and we should be driven 
out of the state. Some of those who advocated this latter 
plan pretended to be lights to the people. 

On Sunday, April 29th, 1883, we held meeting in a school 
house situated in a grove of large pine trees. We had a good 
time and enjoyed the spirit of our calling. After meeting we 
were invited to hold meeting in three private houses. We 
therefore made the appointments for that evening and for 
Wednesday and Thursday following. 

We filled the first appointment and had a goodmeetingfinish- 
ing with a debate with a Baptist preacher, whom we were 
able, by the help of the Spirit, to defeat in every argument. 

Monday morning my companion, Brother W. H. Crandall, 
told me he would have to go to Jones county, about forty 
miles from where we were laboring as he felt he was wanted 
there. What was to be done ? I had never held a meeting 
in my life. Brother Crandall had been in the field about four 
months while I had only been there about six weeks, and I 
had depended on him to do the most of the talking. 



I cannot explain how I felt, but the Spirit in which we 
trusted said for him to go, and I felt, though very weak, that 
the same Spirit would help me fill the two appointments that 
we had made. 

Accordingly Brother Crandall went to Jones county. About 
one month previously we had been given two weeks by an 
armed mob in which to get out of Jones county and we could 
not think why the Spirit should direct Brother Crandall to go 
there; but when he arrived he found that there were a few 
believers who wanted to be baptized and had been praying for 
one of us to come. They felt so sure that their prayers would 
be answered that they had everything ready for the Elder to 
perform the ordinance, which he did, notwithstanding the 
threats of the mob that we should not come there again. 

Wednesday night came and with it quite a crowd to hear 
the new doctrine. As I sang the first hymn I felt that unless 
God would help me the people would be disappointed. If 
ever I prayed and tried to exercise faith it was then. When 
I arose to speak, the words seemed to stick in my mouth and 
everything seemed to say, "You cannot fill this appointment." 
But when I began to speak the Spirit rested upon me, and for 
about one hour and a quarter I was enabled to explain the 
truths of the gospel. When I ceased speaking Iwas astonished 
to find I had spoken so long. 

As soon as meeting was dismissed a Rev. Mr. Smith came 
up to me, when the following dialogue took place as near as I 
am able to remember and glean from persons who were at the 

Mr. Smith. — I would like to ask you a few questions. 

Elder M. — I am always glad to answer any questions per- 
taining to the gospel that I am able to. 

Mr. S. — I have been preaching in the Baptist church for 
about ten years the same doctrine that you have been preach- 
ing ; therefore what is the use of your coming so far from 
home to tell us what we already know? 

E. M. — I have never heard you preach, but do you believe 
in the same church organization that existed in the Church of 
Christ in His day and which Paul says God placed there to 
remain until we all come to a unity of the faith? 

Mr. S. — Oh no ! that was done away with in that day. 

E. M. — Do you believe that signs should follow those who 
believe as they did in the days of Christ? 

Mr. S. — They are also done away with as times have 
changed and they are no longer needed. 

E. M. — Do you believe a person should receive the Holy 
Ghost by the laying on of hands by one having authority to 
bestow that gift as did the apostles of old, as shown in Acts, 
eighth chapter and twelfth verse, and other places? 

Mr. S. — No; the Holy Ghost comes differently now. It 
enters the heart of man and makes a change in him and no 
man has authority to bestow it now-a-days. 

E. M. — Do the signs follow its entering as it did of old, 
as shown in Acts, second chapter? 

Mr. S — Oh no ! 

E. M. — Do you believe in continued revelation? 
. Mr. S.— Oh no ! we don't need it. 

E. M. — Do you ever pray? 

Mr. S— Yes. 

E. M. — And do you ever expect to get an answer to your 

Mr. S.— Ye— yes. 

E. M. — Why you must then believe in revelation. So you 
see we have come to one thing upon which we agree ; but you 
see there are a great many principles contained in the scrip- 

ture which I believe and you do not, and so I guess we don't 
teach exactly alike. 

Mr. S. — You profess to be honest, virtuous, etc. How 
about those people that your Church caused to have robbed 
and killed at Mountain Meadow? 

E. M. — I was not old enough to know anything about it at 
the time, but I do know that at the trial of J. D. Lee, a few 
years ago it was shown that our Church or the leaders of it, 
had nothing to do with that wicked affair, and they did every- 
thing in their power to bring the guilty parties to justice. It 
was shown in that trial that it was the Indians who did nearly 
if not all the killing, and as the emigrants had poisoned some 
springs along the road the Indians thought they were justi- 
fied in their acts. If there was any of the members of our 
Church present, the Church is not responsible for the acts of 
its members, for Christ said the gospel was like a net cast into 
the sea which brought forth of all kinds. Furthermore, J. 
D. Lee was convicted by a jury, the majority of which 
belonged to our Church. 

A Lady Present. — Well, Dr. Smith, you are not making 
your seed corn to-night. (Laughter.) 

Mr. S. — Why do you go to these back-wood places among 
the poor and ignorant to preach your doctrines? 

E. M. — We have missionaries in nearly every state and a 
great many foreign countries we preach to all who will come 
out to hear us, rich or poor, but it is now as it was in the days 
of our Savior, the poor, but not the ignorant, generally are 
more apt to accept the truths of the gospel. (Matt. ii. 2-5.) 

Mr. S.— (Excitedly.) I must go. Goodnight! 

In his hurry he forgot his saddle bags, for which he after- 
wards sent. 

How to be Happy. — If people wish to live well together, 
they must not hold too much to logic, and suppose that every- 
thing is to be settled by sufficient reason. Dr. Johnson saw 
this clearly with regard to married people, when he said, 
"Wretched would be the pair above all names of wretchedness, 
who should be doomed to adjust by reason every morning, all 
the multitude detail of a domestie day." But the application 
should be more general than he made. There is no time for 
such reasonings, and nothing that is worth them. 

If you would be loved as a companion, avoid unnecessary 
criticism upon those with whom you live. The number of 
people who have taken out judges' patents for themselves is 
very large in any society. Now it would be hard for a man to 
live with another who was always criticising his actions, even 
if it were kindly and just criticism. It would be like living 
between the glasses of a microscope. But these self-elected 
judges, like their prototypes, are very apt to have the persons 
they judge brought before them in the guise of culprits. 

One of the most provoking forms of the criticism above 
alluded to, is that which may be called criticism over the 
shoulder. "Had I been consulted," "Had you listened to 
me," "But you always will," and such short scraps of sen- 
tences may remind many of us of dissertations which we 
have suffered and inflicted, and of which we cannot call to 
mind any soothing effect. 

One of life's hardest lessons from the cradle to the grave 
is waiting. We send our ships out but cannot patiently wait 
their return. 






Words by C. W. Stayneb. 

Music by E. Beesley. 

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^ — ; ^ -frf^EgEg 


-m — J— «— S — 9- 



«F m —i — 1 1 r^ — " 



Merry, merry, children, sweetly sing Of the happy days that the seasons bring: Each in its robes doth 


•-J5 — » — m— »P — S^H-* — • — • — » — m — «-i -at — » — a — -<-H — ^— -5 — fc — 5-d— 'H- -1 — » — 3 — d 

^- |q-»— #— > -»- « m~s — »*— g — » -h g-gJ J 

The hearts of the children to comfort and cheer. Merry, merry children, sweetly sing 

■0 .m -m .* .m .m -m 

Of the happy clays that the seasons bring, Merry, merry children, sweetly sing Of the happy days that the seasons bring. 



#■ -»- -»- -•- -a- -«- -»- I |S .-, -a- -m- -m- -m- -a- -m- 


> P > 5 ^ > > >»■ 

Merry, merry children, gently pray 
That the happy times, which are passing away, 
Long in your lives may linger and shine, 
As gems of bright lustre and radience divine. 

Merry, merry children, soon the Spring 
With her pretty buds, and her birds that sing, 


Clad now in verdure, must change her array, 
And then she will grow into bright Summer day. 

Merry, merry children, Summer's heat 
Follows ever after the Spring so sweet; 
Autumn with sheaves of bright yellow grain 
Doth herald the coming of Winter again. 


What is pretty and useful in various wajs, 

Tho' it tempts some poor mortals to shorten their days? 

Take one letter from it, and then will appear 

What youngsters admire every day in the year; 

Take two letters from it, and then without doubt 

You will be what it is if vou can't find it out. 

What of all things in the world is the longest and the short- 
est, the swiftest and the slowest, the most divisible and the 
most extended, the most neglected and the most regretted; 
without which nothing can be done, which devours all that is 
little and enuobles all that is great? 



The answers to the Enigmas published in No 19, are the letter 
tl and Wiittns. The former has been correctly solved by Maria 
Beazer, Kaysville; Robert Hay. Pleasant Grove. We have 
received no correct solutions to the latter. 


The mellow year is hasting to a close: 
The little birds have almost sung their last, 
Their sharp notes twitter in the dreary blast — 
That shrill-piped harbinger of early snows; 
The patient beauty of the scentless rose, 
Oft with the morn's hoar crystal quaintly glass'd, 
Hangs a pale mourner for the summer past, 
And makes a little summer where it grows. 
In the chill sunbeam of the faint, brief day 
The dusky waters shudder as they shine; 
The russet leaves obstruct the straggling way 
Of oozing brooks, which no deep banks define; 
And the gaunt woods, in ragged, scant array, 
Wrap their old limbs in sombre ivy twine. 


Is Published in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, 


The law can never make a man honest: it can only make 
him very uncomfortable when he is dishonest. 



Single Copy, per Annum - - - $2.00. 
Office, South Temple Street, one-and-a-half blocks west of 
the Tabernacle, Salt Lake City.